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Cl^e ^tate of jSetu ^ampjsi^ire* 


Provincial and State Papers 







He who tak-es no interest in the history of his ancestors does not deserve to be 
remembered by his posterity^'' 



JOINT RESOLUTION relating to the preservation and publication of portions of 
tlie early state and provincial records and other state papers of New Hamp- 

Resolved by the Senate and House of Representatives in General Court convened : 

That His Excellency the Governor be hereby authorized and empowered, with 
the advice and consent of the Council, to employ some suitable person — and fix his 
compensation, to be paid out of any money in the treasury not otherwise appropri- 
ated — to collect, arrange, transcribe, and superintend the publication of such por- 
tions of the early state and provincial records and other state papers of New 
Hampshire as the Governor may deem proper ; and that eight hundred copies of 
each volume of the same be printed by the state printer, and distributed as follows : 
namely, one copy to each city and town in the State, one copy to such of the public 
libraries in the State as the Governor may designate, fifty copies to the New Hamp- 
shire Historical Society, and the remainder placed in the custody of the state libra- 
rian, who is hereby authorized to exchange the same for similar publications by 
other States. 

Approved August 4, 1881. 

In accordance with the foregoing resolution, the Governor, with advice of the 
Council, on the twelfth day of October, 1881, appointed and commissioned 
Isaac W. Hammond as " Editor and Compiler of State Papers." 


This volume completes the publication of the Miscellaneous Pro- 
vincial and State Papers from 1725 to 1800. These papers were 
selected by the editor from a mass of papers in the state house in 
1880. The volume also contains all the "Belknap Papers" which 
were not published in Vols. IV., V., and VI. The appendix con- 
tains some documents, furnished by Hon. Horatio L. Wait, of 
Chicago, relative to his Revolutionary ancestor, Joseph Wait, also 
papers furnished by P'rank W. Hackett, Esq., concerning early 
church affairs, etc., in Portsmouth. To both of these gentlemen the 
editor is indebted for copies. 

The editor regrets the size of the volume, but as he was many times 
during its compilation earnestly requested by students of history to be 
sure to leave out nothing that could possibly be of historical value, it 
could not well be helped. If this volume receives as favorable 
criticism at the hands of the public as have the preceding volumes 
edited by him, the editor will feel that his labor has not been in vain. 

Under Governor Sawyer's administration, a committee of the 
Executive Council on the publication of the early province and state 
papers was appointed, consisting of Hon. A. S. Batchellor and Hon. 
John B. Smith, -to which the Secretary of State was afterwards added. 
Councilors Batchellor and Smith made the following report, which 
was accepted by the executive body. As it contains full information 
relative to the early provincial and state papers of New Hampshire, 
and as it has not been heretofore printed by the State, the editor has 
thought it advisable to insert it here. It shows exhaustive research 
on the part of the committee, for which much credit is due them. 

I. W. H. 


To His Excellency the Governor: 

The committee appointed to determine what papers in the custody 
of the secretary of state, or elsewhere, shall be included in a further 
continuation of the publication of early state and province papers 
heretofore undertaken, respectfully submit the following report : 

The work of publishing the early province and state papers of New 
Hampshire has progressed in accordance with the provisions of 
several public resolutions of the Legislature. These resolves, in the 
order of their enactment, are appended to this paper. 

Dr. N. Bouton edited ten volumes, seven of which related to the 
period between 1623 and the American Revolution. One volume, 
the eighth in the series, contained papers which related principally to 
the time of the Revolution. The ninth volume was devoted mainly 
to town papers of the period prior to the year 1800. It also contained 
important documents relative to the work of the early constitutional 
conventions. The tenth and last volume of Dr. Bouton's work 
contained valuable papers relating to the controversy with Vermont, 
the results of the first census enumerations, and the journals of 
constitutional conventions. 

It appears that Dr. Bouton published the journals of the assembly 
(with the exception of the House Journal, 171 1 to 1722), and other 
contemporary papers, without assuming a large discretion to make 
abstracts from and condense the original text, until his work had 
been brought down to the year 1754. At this point, with the 
consent of the Governor, he began to make omission of such matter 
as he deemed of minor importance (see vol. 6, preface p. 3, and note 
on page 320). He continued on this method until the end of volume 
8. We regard this as a very unfortunate change in the plan of the 


work. It is not possible for the most learned editor to anticipate 
what part of such records will be deemed especially important and 
valuable by those who will have occasion to consult them in an 
indefinite future. 

The omission of material parts of such a record from printed 
copies is a source of endless inconvenience ; for, however full and 
judicious a mere abstract may be, its incompleteness renders it 
untrustworthy, and often that which is most sought for by those 
engaged in historical research is hidden in the rejected manuscript. 

No period of our history is more important than that from 1754 to 
1784, wherein Dr. Bouton's work is fragmentary. It should have 
included all the manuscript records we have relating to the French 
and Indian War, the agitation and controversy which preceded the 
Revolution, and all relating to the Revolution itself, in all the phases 
of its inception, progress, and consummation. 

Much of the official correspondence and other papers illustrative of 
the period, has been printed in subsequent volumes, edited by 
Mr. Hammond. 

The publication of the journals of the council and legislative bodies 
was not attempted by Dr. Bouton, later than November, which was 
the end of the political year 1782-83. The state government, under 
the constitution of 1784, did not go into operation till June, 1784. 
We see no good reason why the journals and contemporaneous 
official papers from November, 1783, till June, 1784, should not be 
published in the series. From June, 1784, till June, 1793, was a 
period of great importance and interest in the history of New Hamp- 
shire. In that time occurred the federal and state conventions, from 
which came the federal union ; and, in the same time, questions of 
internal policy and of government, all of vital importance to the 
young State, were discussed and settled. All available town papers 
in the state archives have been published to the year 1800. The 
rolls of the soldiers of the Revolution have also been given in the 
same series. It seems very desirable that the matter still unpub- 
lished, and which relates principally to civil administration and 
constitutional development, sliould be arranged and printed as a 
continuation of the series on a logical and comprehensive plan. 


The material for the additional volumes may be classified and 
described in parts. 

I. The Charters of Towns. — A great portion of the territory 
of this State, and a part of what is now the State of Vermont, were 
granted in townships by the royal governors of New Hampshire. 
These charters or grants are recorded in five volumes. They contain 
the names of the original grantees, and a plan of each grant with 
courses and distances duly indicated. These instruments are the 
sources to which the owners of real estate must revert to complete 
the abstracts of title in almost every town in the State. There is 
but one copy of these records. It is not good policy to hazard the 
existence of all this important title evidence upon the preservation of 
these manuscript volumes from fire and other forms of destruction or 
defacement. They are a part of the documentary history of the 
towns. When published in this series of state papers, they become 
freely accessible in the public offices and public libraries of every 
municipality. As a useful and appropriate feature of such a publi- 
cation, copies of the early township maps might be included in the 
books. A sample of such illustration may be seen in the Vermont 
governor and council records. Vol. VIII. p. 430. 

A few of the grants in New Hampshire were by Massachusetts 
authorities, and a considerable number of townships in Vermont were 
New Hampshire grants. These should all be included in the contem- 
plated work, because they are necessary for purposes of completeness* 
and the increased demand thereby occasioned would amply compen" 
sate for the small additional expense to the State. 

2. The journals of the councils and assembly for the sessions in 
which they have not yet been reprinted, and those which have been 
reproduced in a mutilated form, are in order for publication in 
volumes of this series, so that this class of the early papers may have 
place in the work. They should be brought down to the year 1 800, 
and thereby the records of legislation will have been made equally 
accessible with the contemporaneous records of local affairs, already 
given in vols. 9, 11, 12, and 13, which are limited to a period prior to 

3. The laws of the Province subsequent to 1771, and of the State 


from 1775 to 1800, are not accessible, except in a few places, and it 
is doubtful if a complete series is now in the possession of any single 
custodian. The public acts were in many of those years published 
separately in sheets, and no complete set of the printed laws can be 
found. The exception in article twenty of the bill of rights in the 
state constitution, limiting or qualifying the right of trial by jury, 
renders it necessary for the courts and the people generally to con- 
sult the statute law existing prior to the adoption of that instrument, 
whenever the usage or custom as to modes of trial is in question. It 
is right and expedient that the laws of the period should be in printed 
form convenient for the use of the public. This would be effected by 
publishing in this series all the acts and resolves subsequent to 1771 
in the order of their enactment. The manuscript records in the office 
of the secretary of state, all authenticated publications of those acts, 
and the contemporaneous compilations should be consulted for that 
purpose. Careful annotations, having reference to alterations and 
repeals of these acts, are always important in such works, and 
thorough indices are indispensable. 

4. The miscellaneous papers are not readily classified, being partly 
related to legislative and partly to administrative matters, but they 
are an important element in the archives. They grew out of the 
civil, military, and diplomatic relations of the colony and early state 
government. There are minutes of the council, messages of the 
governors and the replies thereto, records of the correspondence and 
controversies with adjoining provinces about boundary lines and other 
matters, that are still accessible. Papers are received also from time 
to time from England, which relate to New Hampshire as a colony 
of Great Britain. This division includes matter which cannot rea- 
sonably be omitted from the series. A considerable part of vol. 17 
was devoted to this class of papers, and more will be given in vol. 18, 
now in preparation. 

5. Another class of papers which should be included in this 
publication consists of the records of the provincial council while 
acting as a judicial tribunal. This matter is subject to frequent 
reference for the information it contains as to the jurisprudence of 
the colony. In its present form it is available for use only by the 


expenditure of much labor and time. It is not necessary that names 
of parties should be given in all cases to the annoyance of any who 
may be sensitive on matters of ancestral record. With judicious 
editing of the material, it would be a publication of great legal and 
historical value. 

The prefatory statements in the seven volumes edited by Mr. 
Hammond give all necessary explanation of the plan, scope, and 
progress of his own work. There is no better method of ascertain- 
ing its character and quality than by a. critical examination of the in- 
dexes and text. We have no hesitation in asking a full application 
of these tests of merit. 

A few more volumes will complete the work to the year 1800. 
We have no doubts as to the expediency and necessity of an active 
and immediate prosecution of it to a consummation worthy the ster- 
ling history of the State. 

We were formerly at a disadvantage in the hands of national 
historians, journalists, and general writers, in the presentation of our 
part in the military events of the colonial and revolutionary period, 
and in the development of civil government in the original States. 
The cause of this lay in the inaccessible condition of our state 
archives. General and school histories seemed to depreciate or to 
ignore New Hampshire as a factor in the Revolutionary struggle. 
The publication of the rolls of our soldiery in the war for inde- 
pendence has occupied more than three thousand pages of the work 
under review, and the evidence of the patriotic effort and sacrifice of 
the people of New Hampshire can no longer be discredited. That 
evidence is now in the principal libraries of the country. 

The deficiency in authentic and accessible printed works, in which 
the civil history of the State can be sought from the original records 
and writings for the period from 1754 to 1800, still exists in too large 
measure. Those who have in charge the compilations relative to the 
recent national centennial celebrations are in confusion and error on 
many points of New Hampshire history touching those events. The 
recommendations here made point to full and effective remedies of 
this deficiency. A reasonable pride in the record which our State 
has made in the building of the American republic, we are confident 


will refuse to allow our early records to be kept longer in the 
seclusion of musty manuscripts and in exposure to decay and 

As one result of our observation and examination of this subject 
we are able to state confidently that the present official custodians 
have guarded the public archives with jealous care, and yet, notwith- 
standing all that can be done in the way of precaution on their part? 
the defacement of constant use and the possibility of unforeseen 
accident convince us that a certainty of perpetuating the contents of 
these early records comes only from the multiplication of copies by 

The dangers to which we refer are those to which all public books 
and papers existing in single manuscript originals are subject from 
the inevitable effects of time and the possibility of accident. 

Eventually the matter of a general index to the whole work will re- 
quire consideration. The index in each one of the first ten volumes is 
very incomplete. Investigators find it necessary to search the text for 
the contents of the volumes, when anything of detail is wanted, — any- 
thing beyond what is matter of very general reference. The index 
work in the eight subsequent volumes is very complete and satis- 
factory. Besides a general prefatory table of contents, we have an 
index of names of places and persons in each book. Whether upon 
the completion of the entire work contemplated a general index 
should be prepared and published, or whether a separate index of the 
Bouton volumes is desirable, are questions not now urgent. If the 
journals and other papers published by him in an incomplete form 
should be given in full hereafter in the series, the publication of a 
general index would best be deferred. Meantime the index cards 
prepared and used by the compiler in the current volumes should be 
preserved for use in any general index that may possibly be author- 
ized in the future. 

Note. — The original report, of which this is a copy except as to some imma- 
terial changes in phraseology, was adopted by the executive council to which it was 
submitted, in May, 1889. 

^ ., j A. S. BATCHELLOR, 

Louiuiioi^, j JOHN B. SMITH. 



Vote relative to building a state house, 1725 . 

Copy of a letter to Governor Vaudriel, 1725 

Summons to Samuel Emerson, 1725 .... 

Governor's order in favor of Richard Wibird, 1726 . 

Proceedings in Council relative to Samuel Thing, 1726 

Memorial of John, son of Sir Charles Hobby, 1726 . 

Memorial of Samuel Waldo, 1727 ..... 

Proceedings of the Council and Assembly, 1728-29 . 

Proclamation of peace with the Indians, 1727 . 

Copy of commission to Lt. Governor John Wentworth, 1727 

Warrant for arrest of Benjamin Rust, for slander, 1728 

Copy of letter to Lt. Governor Dummer, 1728 . 

Petition from Sarah, widow of Rev. N. Rogers, 1729 

Petition from John and Tamson Tibbetts, 1729 

Governor Jonathan Belcher's commission, 1730 

Instructions to Governor Belcher 

Proclamation concerning the king's woods, 1730 

Memorial from deacons of Boston churches, 1730 

Petition from military officers, 1730 . 

David Dunbar to a deputy- surveyor, 1730 

Governor's orders to examine Fort William and Mary, 1730 

Anthony Reynolds appointed a collector at Piscataqua, 1731 

Petition from" the Quakers, 1731 

Expenses of committee on boundary line, 1731 

Richard Wibird's commission, 1731 . 

Letter from Secretary Waldron to Secretary Willard, 1731 

The Governor's coming into the Province, 1731 

Instructions to Governor Belcher, 1732 .... 

Benjamin Gambling's mandamus, 1732 .... 

Proceedings in Council, May, 1732 ..... 

Theodore Atkinson's account of powder money, 1732 










1 1 



















Committee appointed on boundary lines, 1733 . . . . 48 
Governor's order to the committee on loan, 1733 ... 49 
R. Waldron to N. Oilman concerning intemperance, 1733 . 50 

Instructions to Governor Belcher, 1733 51 

Depositions about lumber trouble, 1734 . . . . -52 

Peter Greeley's deposition, 1734, 54 

Proclamation relative to riot at Exeter, 1734 . . . -55 
Proceedings in Council concerning the riot, 1734 ... 56 
Letter from Belcher to Dunbar, concerning a warrant, 1734 . 57 
Copy of Exeter forged letter to Sir Charles Wager, 1734 . . 58 
Report of committee on condition Fort William and Mary, 1735 . 60 
Dedimus, Nath. Sargent, Paul Wentworth, and B. Thing, 1735 61 
Quakers' petition concerning oaths, 1736 .... 61 

Commissioners on boundary line recommended, 1736 . . 62 
Communication from Mass. on boundary line, lysy . . . 63 
Petition of appeal, John Thomlinson to the King , . 64-73 

Answer to the foregoing ....... 73-?^ 

Extract from charter of Kingswood, 1737. . . . -76 

Letter of marque to Captain Joshua Newbold, 1739 • • - 77 
Land grants to members of the Legislature, 1739 ... 79 
Documents relative to the province seal and its use . . 79-92 

Testimony of Secretary Waldron ...... 79 

Deposition and letter of Richard Waldron, 1738 ... 80 
Waldron to Atkinson, November, 1738 . . . . -83 

Governor's orders respecting the seal, 1732-34 .... 83 

President Walton's demand of the seal, 1739 .... 84 

Secretary Waldron's answer to the foregoing .... 84 

Application to have seal affixed to documents, 1739 ... 85 
George Jaffrey to Richard Waldron, 1739 . ... 86 

Richard Waldron to George Jaffrey, 1739 . ... 86 

Petition relative to affixing seal to documents, 1739 . . . 86 
Order of the committee of Council, December 9, 1738 . . 88 
Governor's order relative to the seal, 1739 .... 89 

Petition of Thomas Packer for copies of depositions, 1739 . 89 

Governor's order to Waldron in answer to above, 1739 . . 91 

Rindge, Packer, and Atkinson for seal, 1739 .... 92 

Instructions to privateers in war with Spain, 1739 . . 92-102 
Committee to invoice stores at the fort, 1740 . . . .102 

Instructions relative to war with Spain, 1740 . . . 103-107 
Governor's proclamation concerning the war, 1740 . . .107 
Instructions to Governor Belcher, May 20, 1740 . . .109 
Proclamation to encourage enlistments, 1740 . . . 110-112 

Account for the intended West Indian expedition, 1740 . . 113 



I 741 

Instructions to the Governor, about money, 1740 
Separation of New Hampshire from Massachusetts, 1740 
Governor Belcher's address to the Assembly, 1740-41 
Copy of Admiral Vernon's letter, 1740 
Petition of John Eyre, 1740-41 .... 

Account of John Rindge for expenses in England, 1740-4 
Quakers' petition relative to taking oaths, 1741 
Governor Belcher to commissioners of trade, 1741 

Richard Wibird appointed member of the Council, 
Thomas Wentworth to Governor Wentworth, 1741 
Ex-Governor Belcher to Board of Trade, 1741 . 
Petition for a township from Methuen, 1741 
Report of committee on boundary lines, . 
Memorial from justices of the Superior Court, 1741 
Costs in case of Phillip Kenniston 

" " Sarah Simpson 

" " Penelope Kenney 

Action of the Legislature on the foregoing, 1741 
Bill for repairs on Fort William and Mary, 1741 
Letter from Governor Wentworth to Board of Trade, 174 
Petition relative to Governor Vaughan, 1742 
Act granting assistance to church in New Castle, 1742 
Governor Wentworth to Board of Trade, 1742 . 
Authorizing commissioners to build a road, 1742 
Governor Wentworth to Board of Trade, 1742 . 
Report of the Board of Trade on New Hampshire Acts, 1743 
Attorney-General Livermore's opinion, 1743 
John Thomlinson to Theodore Atkinson, 1737-38 
Mr. Paris to John Thomlinson, February 4, 1737 
Thomlinson to Atkinson, February 10, 1737 
Atkinson to Thomlinson, May 16, 1738 
Thomlinson to Atkinson, July 14, 1738 

" " " September i, 1738 

" '"' " February 8, 1738 

" " " February 23, 1738 

" " " April 4, 1740 . 

" " " June 23, 1740 . 

Atkinson to Thomlinson, August 4, 1740 . 
Thomlinson to Atkinson, September 20, 1740 
Atkinson to Thomlinson, November 26, 1740 

" " " December 20, 1740 

Thomlinson to Atkinson, February 6, 1740-41 



















Thomlinson to Christopher Rymes, February 10, 1740-41 . 169 

" " Atkinson, March 21, 1740-41 . . . .170 

Atkinson to Thomlinson, May 31, 1 741 171 

" " " July II, 1 741 172 

Thomlinson to Atkinson, July 13, 1741 173 

Atkinson to Thomlinson, May 19, 1742 174 

July 19. 1743 175 

" " " May 26, 1742 176 

Thomlinson to Atkinson, July 14, 1742 177 

Atkinson to Thomlinson, July 26, 1742 . . . . .178 

" " " September 9, 1742 . . . .180 

Thomlinson to Atkinson, November 27, 1742 . . . .180 

Atkinson to Thomlinson, December 18, 1742 . . . .181 

" " " February 8, 1743 . . . ,182 

" " " February 6, 1743 . . . .183 

Thomlinson to Atkinson, February 20, 1743 . . . .185 

" " " March 18, 1744 185 

" " " March 22, 1743-44 . . . .186 

Atkinson to Thomlinson, May 19, 1744 . . . . .187 

Thomlinson to Atkinson, October 3, 1744 . . . .188 

Atkinson to Thomlinson, November 16, 1744 . . . .189 
List of men taking the ;^25,ooo loan, 1743 . . . 191-195 
Governor Wentworth to Board of Trade, 1743-44 . . 196-201 
Committee's report relative to men raised in 1743 . . . 201 
Warrant for arrest of Cyprian Jaffrey, 1744 .... 202 
Bill for powder furnished a detachment, 1744 .... 203 
Bill for repairs at Fort William and Mary, 1744 . . . 204 

Letter from Governor Clinton to Governor Wentworth, 1744 . 205 
George Jaffrey, Jr., relative to court records, 1744 . . . 206 
List of men sent to manage gondolas, 1744 .... 206 
Matthew Livermore's memorial, 1744 ..... 207 
Receipt for an Indian delivered to Colonel Willard, 1744 . . 209 

Material for Fort William and Mary, 1744 .... 209 

Account for repairs on Fort William and Mary, 1744 . . 209 
Governor Shirley to Governor Wentworth, September 25, 1744 210 

October 16, 1744 . 212 

" " " " " January i, 1744-45 212 

" " " " " January 7, 1744-45 213 

" " " " " January 15, 1744-45 214 

Governor's order to enlist a scouting party, 1745 . . .214 

Orders to Captain Meservey to enlist men, 1745 . , .215 

Shirley to Wentworth, February 25, 1744-45 .... 216 

Petition of Abraham Trefethen of New Castle, 1745 . .216 



Shirley to Went worth, March i, 1744-45 • 

" " " March 4, 1744-45 . 

Atkinson to Thomlinson, March 29, 1745. 

Message from the House to the Governor, 1745 . . 220- 
General Pepperell's order relative to attack on Louisbourg, 1745 
Report of committee on men raised for scouting, 1745 
Shirley to VVentworth, April 15, 1745 

"_ " _ May 5, I745_ . 

Petition from soldiers' wives for aid, 1 745 
Crew of the ship Endeavor, 1745 
Benjamin Thomas, wounded soldier, 1745 
Proclamation for enlistment of seamen, 1745 
Shirley to Wentworth, June 17, 1745 
" July 6, 1745 . 

" " " July 10, 1745 . 

Thomlinson to Atkinson, August 5, 1745 . 

Lt. Governor Phipps to Governor Wentworth, August 14, 1745 
" " " " " " August 19, 1745 

Shirley to Captain Bradbury, July 22, 1745 
George Creighton's leave of absence, 1745 
Committee to examine accounts of ship Bien Aime, 1745 
Report of the committee on Louisbourg prisoners, 1745 
Statement of condition of men at Louisbourg, 1745 . 
List of Greenland impressed men, 1745 
Petition of Benjamin Lewis, Louisbourg soldier, 1745 
Robert Tufton Philbrook's account, 1745 . 
Atkinson to Thomlinson, November 13, 1746 . 
Petition from Louisbourg soldiers, 1745 . 

" " Joseph Sleeper, Louisbourg, 1745 

Soldiers' losses at Louisbourg, 1746 
Petition of Edward Card, Louisbourg soldier, 1745 

" " Moses Meader of Durham, 1745-46. 

" " Edward Hopkins of Portsmouth, 1745-46 
Shirley to Wentworth, January 12, 1746 . 

" " ■ " January 27, 1746 . 

Petition of Timothy Clement of Concord, 1746 

" " " Mary Welch of Portsmouth, 1746 

Joseph Sleeper's statement, 1745-46 .... 256- 

Petition of Francis Mason of Stratham, soldier, 1745-46 
Louisbourg soldiers' petition, Hampton men, 1746 . 
Petition of Hugh Montgomery, 1745-46 . 

" " Benjamin Thomas of Portsmouth, 1746 . 
Louisbourg soldiers' petition, Portsmouth men, 1745-46 













Petition of Sarah Trefethen, soldier's widow. 1745-46 . . 263 

" " Zachariah Foss of Portsmouth, soldier, 1746 . 264 

" " Deborah Tucker and Hannah Kenniston, 1746 265 

" " Lt. Edward Brooks of Portsmouth, 1745-46 . 267 

Louisbourg expedition account, 1745 ..... 268 

Thomas Millet, relative to sloop Abigail, 1746 .... 269 

Petition of Lt. Jonathan Oilman of Keeneborough, 1746 . . 269 

" " Tabitha Cass, soldier's widow, 1746 . . . 270 

" " James Wood, 1746 . . . . . . .271 

" " Mary, widow of Jeremiah Marston, 1746. . . 272 

" " Benjamin Kemming of Exeter, 1746 . . . ij^ 

" " Joseph Rawlins, Louisbourg soldier, 1746 . . 273 

Major Oilman loses his coat at Louisbourg, 1746 . . . 274 

Petition of Ezekiel Oilman of Portsmouth, 1746 . . . 274 

John Ooffe's account and memorial, 1746 .... 275 

Petition of Oeorge Thompson, 1746 ...... 276 

" " Lt. Ezekiel Worthen of Kensington, 1746 . . 277 

" " Theodore Atkinson about his slave, 1746 . . 278 

Louisbourg soldiers' petition for allowance, 1746 . . . 279 

List of rations not received by the above . . . , .281 

Petition of William Prescott, Louisbourg soldier, 1746 . . 282 

" " John Oriffith, Jr., Louisbourg soldier, 1746 . . 282 

" " Deborah, widow of Nicholas Dunn, 1746 . . 283 

" " John Ladd, relative to his son, 1746 . . . 284 

Memorial of Spencer Colby, mariner, 1746 .... 285 

Certificate of Dr. Benjamin Rowe, 1746 ..... 286 

Summary of Louisbourg petitioners, 1746 . . . 286-288 

Walter Warren's account ........ 288 

Atkinson to Thomlinson, recommending Capt. Sherburne, 1746 . 289 

General Pepperell's orders to Captain Sherburne, 1745 . . 290 

Warren and Pepperell's certificate, 1746 ..... 290 

Shirley to Went worth, September 13, 1746 . . . .291 

Petition from Louisbourg soldiers, 1746 ..... 292 

Widow Sarah Jackson's petition, 1747 ..... 294 

King's instructions to Governor Wentworth, 1746-47 . . 294 

Mark Hunking Wentworth's bill, 1747 ..... 295 

Letter from Captain Stevens to Governor Shirley, 1746-47 . 295 

William Johnson to John H. Lydius, 1746-47 .... 296 

Action of Mass.. relative to Crown Point expedition, 1746-47 . 297 

Shirley to Wentworth, February 7, 1746-47 .... 298 

" " " February 8, 1746-47 .... 298 

" " " February 9, 1746-47 . . 299-301 

Thomlinson to Atkinson, P'ebruary 24, 1746-47 . . .301 



Shirley to Wentworth, March lo, 1746-47 
Major Thomas Davis, relative to government stores, 1747 
Soldiers' petition for further allowance, 1747 . 
Petition from wives of soldiers, 1747 

" " Lt. Eliphalet Daniels, sloop Warren, 1747 
Petition from Samuel Drown, 1747 . 
Bill for nursing Samuel Drown, 1747 
Petition from Lt. John Flagg of Portsmouth, 1747 
Theodore Atkinson to Thomas Jones, 1747 
Atkinson to Thomlinson, June 6, 1747 
Connecticut resolutions on Crown Point expedition, 1747 

Gov. Law to Gov. Shirley on Crown Point expedition, 1746-47 . 314 
Colonel Stoddard concerning the " Six Nations," 1747 . -315 
Shirley to Wentworth, about the " Six Nations," 1747 . .316 
Petition of Robert Miller, Louisbourg soldier, 1747 . . .317 
Supplies sent to New Hampshire soldiers, 1747 . . .318 

Shirley to Wentworth, October 12, 1747 ..... 319 

" " " November 3, 1747 319 

*' " " November 9, 1747. .... 320 

'' " " November 24, 1747 .... 320 

Knowles' and Shirley's letters, 1747 .... 321-323 

Extracts from Duke of New Castle's letter, 1747 . . -323 

Shirley to Wentworth, October 29, 1747 .... 325-327 

" " " January 17, 1747-48 .... 327 

" " " February 2, 1747-48 .... 328 

Commissary Penhallow's petition, 1748 ..... 328 

Shirley to Wentworth, March 15, 1748 .... 329-331 

Summons to the Council, to Court of Admiralty, 1748 , -331 

Shirley to Wentworth, April 26, 1748 . . . . -331 

Memorial of Captain Joseph Sherburne, 1748 . . . 332-334 

Letter from Captain Sherburne to Admiral Warren, 1748 . 334 

Soldiers at Fort William and Mary, 1747 ^^6 

Shirley to Wentworth, May 31, 1748 ..... 337 

Shirley to Wentworth, on the Albany affair, 1748 . . . 337 
Court of Massachusetts relative to the " Six Nations, " 1748 , 338 
Instructions to Governor Wentworth, 1748 .... 339 
Fragment endorsed " W. to S.," July 8, 1748 . . . 341-351 

Shirley to Wentworth, August 24, 1748 351 

Order to Captain Job Clement, 1748 352 

Shirley to Wentworth, September 27, 1748 .... 352 

" " " November 7, 1748 353 

" " " November 28, 1748 . . . -353 

Precept for election of Assemblymen, 1748 . . . 354-356 






Shirley to Wcntworth conccrninj^ some Indians, 1749 
Duke of Bedford to Governor Wcntworth, 1749 
Document relative to Fort Dummer, 1749 

Plan of the Fort, by M. Patten 

Wcntworth to Shirley, August 27, 1749 .... 

Answer to the foregoing, August 28, 1749 

Copy of warrant, 1749 ....... 

Report of committee named in warrant, 1749 . 
Proclamation relative to peace with the Indians, 1749 
Lt. Governor Phipps, relative to exchange of prisoners, 1749 
Instructions to Governor Wcntworth .... 

Quakers in militia companies ...... 

Thomlinson to Atkinson, November 18, 1747 . 

" " " November 22, 1748 . 

" " " March 15, 1748-49 . 

" " " November 27, 1749 . 

" " " March 4, 1750 . 

" " " March 29, 1750 . 

Atkinson to Thomlinson, May 26, 1750 . . . . 
His Majesty's instructions, 1750 ..... 
Governor Wcntworth to the Duke of Bedford, 1750 . 
Duke of Bedford, transmitting act of I'arliament, 1750 
Petition of Jonathan Stanhope, 1750 .... 

Acts approved by the Privy Council, 1750 
Warrant for expenses of Canada expedition, 1750 

" " re-imbursing New Plampshire, 1750 
Thomlinson and Trecothick to Atkinson, 1751 

" to Atkinson, September 21, 1750 . 

" to Atkinson July 19, 1751 . 
Trade between New Hampshire and West Indies, 1751 
Depositions of Nath. Jones, Samuel Frost and John Briard 
Dejjositions of Matthias Haines 
(lovernor Wcntworth to Board of Trade, 1751 
Thomlinson and Trecothick to Atkinson, 1752 

" to Atkinson, March 2, 1752 . 

John Greenwood to Richard Waldron, 1751 
Waldron to Greenwood .... 
Greenwood to Waldron, about Mrs. Mason, etc. 
Waldron to Greenwood, 1752 
Greenwood to Waldron, March 16, 1753 . 

" " " 17'>2 

Waldron to Greenwood, March 27, 1752 . 
" March 20, 1752 . 











• 389 

• 390 

. 401 


. 405 

. 406 

• 407 

• 407 
. 408 

• 409 




l^arl of Holderncsse to lioard of Trade, 1752 

To Governor Phipps about murder of Indians, 1752 . 

Action of the House on the foregoing, 1752 

Land grant from Massachusetts to Jonathan Belcher 

Petition of Daniel Rindge for compensation 

Soldiers' petition for their pay, 1753 

Soldiers' certificates, 1753 ..... 

Deposition of John Hodgdon, soldier, 1753 

Communication from selectmen of Northfield, Mass. 

Petition of Captain Phinehas Stevens, 1753 

" " Timothy Clement of Haverhill, 1753 

Power of attorney to John.Thomlinson, 1754 

Resolve of the N. Y. Assembly on Indian affairs, 1754 

Petition for division of Province into counties, 1754 . 
" of Sheriff Thomas Packer, 1754 . 
" of Robert Hale, 1755 

Proclamation against Indians, 1755 .... 

Memorial of Kneeland and Russell, printers, 1755 . 

Governor's orders to Colonel Hindsdale. 1755 . 
" " " '' Gilman, 1755 

Atkinson to Thomlinson, December 9, 1755 

Petition from towns for assistance, 1756 

Atkinson to VVeare, court matters, 1756 . 

Chaplain P^merson's petition, 1756 .... 

Thomas Rowe's statement, 1756 .... 

Abiathar Sanborn's statement, 1756 

Wages and rations, Crown Point expedition, 1756 

H. P^ox's letter to Governor, Crown Point expedition, 1756 

John Carty, wounded soldier, 1756 .... 

Charges on money sent to the Provinces, 1756 

Account of gold and silver purchased for New Hampshire 

Pilot's commission, 1756 ..... 

John Shepard taken prisoner, 1757 

Petition of PVancis Tucker, assistant commissary, 1757 
'* " Joseph Avery, F'ort P^dward soldier, F757 
" " Mason Rendall, taken prisoner, 1757 
" " Benjamin Carpenter, prisoner, 1757 

W. Pitt to Governor Wcntworth, 1757 

" " " - 1757 . 

Memorial of William Clifford, F757 . 
Material at the P'ort, 1757 .... 

James Nevins appointed collector of customs, 1757 
Lord Loudoun to Governor Wentworth, 1757 . 

41 1- 
















Governor Wentworth to General Webb, 1757 . 

" " " Sir Charles Hardy, 1757 

Earl of Holdernesse to Governor Wentworth, 1757 
Letter from Captain George Christie, Fort William Henry 

a <t (( << n a (( 

Capture of Fort William Henry, 1757 
Captain Christie to Governor Wentworth, 1757 
Captain Ladd's account, 1757 .... 
Lord Loudoun to Governor Wentworth, 1757 , 
Secretary Pitt " " " 1757 

Governor Wentworth to Lord Loudoun, 1757 
Secretary Pitt to Governor Wentworth, 1757 . 
Captures by English privateers, 1757 
Atkinson to Thomlinson, 1758 

1758 . . , 

" " Trecothick, Apthorp and Thomlinson, 1758 
Commissary King's certificate, 1758 
Ebenezer Copp's deposition, 1758 
Soldiers' petition, 1758 .... 
Allowance to soldiers, 1758 
Soldiers' petition, 1758 .... 
Petition from officers in Colonel Meserve's Regiment, 1758 
Hercules Mooney's loss at Fort William Henry, 1758 
Ensign John Moor's loss at P'ort William Henry, 1758 
Impress order, 1758 ..... 

Clement March's bill, mustering men, etc., 1758 
Petition relative to Charles Row, 1758 
Expenses of two funerals, 1758 
Bill for care of Lt. Wilder Willard, 1758 . 
Secretary Pitt to Governor Wentworth, 1758 

Petition from Pickering and Spear, 1759 . 
Proclamation relative to enlistments, 1 759 
Enlisting orders to Colonel Weare, 1759 . 
Lord Loudoun to General Pepperell, 1759 
Names of substitutes for Quakers, 1759 . 
Colonel Schuyler's account, 1759 
King's instructions concerning courts, 1758 
General Amherst to Governor Wentworth, 1759 

(' u ii a a I7CO 

Atkinson to Trecothick and Thomlinson, 1759 
Certificate concerning Isaac Towle, 1759 . 
Account of the Canada expedition committee, 1759 





• 469 













Petition of Susanna Johnson, 1760 . 

Petition from Lebanon, Conn., men, 1760 

Instructions about raising troops, 1760 

Petition of Elijah Denbo, 1760 .... 

Account of Thomas Packer, 1759 

Soldiers' petition to reduce sutler's accounts, 1760 

Certificate of impressment, 1760 

Recommendation from Governor Wentvvorth, 1760 

Petition from Morrison and Pickering, 1760 

Atkinson to Trecothick, Apthorp, and Thomlinson, 

Petition from selectmen of Holden, Mass., 1761 

Soldiers' petition, 1761 , . . . 

Account of Thomas Packer, 1761 

Account for printing paper money 1761 . 

Ransoms of vessels taken by French privateers, 176] 

John Sanborn's certificate, 1761 

Petition of Moses Swett, 1761 . 

Governor Wentworth's proclamation, 1761 

Petition of Nathaniel Thing, 1761 

Petition of Joseph Swett .... 

Deposition of Timothy Blake, Jr., 1761 

Petition of Samuel Hobart, 1761 

Petition of mast contractors, 1761 

Bill for victualing soldiers at Sudbury in 1757 

Instructions to Governor Wentworth, 1761 

Atkinson to Thomlinson, 1761 

" " 1761 . 

Nevin to Atkinson, 1761 . 
Commission to administer oaths, 1762 
Notification in regard to Court of Inquiry, 1762 
Petition from three soldiers, 1762 
Account for building Governor's boat, 1762 
Atkinson to Thomlinson, 1762 . 

" , " 1763 . 

Petition of Nathaniel Porter, 1 763 

" Richard Bartlett, 1763 . 
Colonel Bedel's letter asking for relief, 1763 
Petition for a road to Coos, 1763 
Atkinson to Thomlinson, 1763 

" " Trecothick and Thomlinson, 1763 
Letter from Jacob Bayley, 1764 

" " Timothy Walker to James Nevin, 1765 

Defence of Governor Wentworth, 1 765 


• 503 

• 505 

. 508 

• 513 

• 514 

• 515 

• 5'5 
. 516 
. 518 
. 520 

• 521 

• 523 

• 524 

• 525 

• 525 
. 526 

• 527 
. 528 

• 528 

• 529 

• 530 

• 531 

• 541 

• 542 

• 545 

• 545 

• 546 

• 549 

• 551 

• 553 

• 554 

• 555 
. 556 

• 557 
. 558 

• 559 

XX 1 1 


Atkinson to Trecothick and Thomlinson, 1765 . . . 567-569 

" " " " " 1766 . . .569 

Petition of George Mcserve, stamp commissioner, 1766 . 571-573 

" " Daniel Sanborn, 1766 ...... 573 

Atkinson to Wentworth and Trecothick, 1766 .... 574 

Proclamation of Governor John Wentworth, 1767 . . . 575 

Address of welcome from the Council, 1767 .... 576 

Action of the House in regard to counties, 1767 . . . 577 
Report of committee on counties, 1767 ..... 578 

Atkinson to Trecothick, 1767 . . . . . . -579 

Deposition of Isaac Colton about counterfeiters, 1768 . 580-583 
Report of committee on road from Durham Falls to Coos, 1768 . 584 
Petition from the House to the King, 1768 . , . 585-587 

" " John Wendell of Portsmouth, 1768 . . . 587 

Petition of James Hudson, salt manufacturer, 1769 . . . 589 
Proclamation in regard to deserters, 1769. . . . -589 

Petition of Samuel Hall for damages, 1769 .... 590 

" about county lines, 1769 . . . . . .591 

" of Dr. Hall Jackson, 1769 ...... 592 

Deserters from ships in Boston Harbor, 1770 . . . 594-596 

Proceedings of the House sent to Agent Trecothick, 1770 . 597 
Committee to examine bills of credit, 1770 .... 598 

Instructions to Governor Wentworth, 1770 .... 598 

Dissent of Peter Livius from vote of Council, 1771 . . 599-602 
Trecothick to Atkinson, 1771 . . . . . . . 602 

Writ for election of representatives, 1771 . . . . 602-605 

Road from Pemigewasset River to Dartmouth Coll., 1 771 . 605 

Complaint from custom-house officers, 1771 .... 606 

Proclamation in regard to foregoing, 1771 . . . . 606 

Memorial of John Cochran, 1771 . . . . . . 607 

Committee on P'ort William and Mary, 1772 .... 608 

Strafford and Grafton county petition, 1772 .... 609 

Instructions to Governor Wentworth, 1772 .... 610 

Road from Conway to Connecticut River, 1772 . . .611 

Petition from James Breckenridge, agent, 1772 . . .611 

Memorial from province treasurer, 1772 . . . . .613 

Proceedings of House in regard to road, 1772 . . . .613 

Lord Hillsborough to Governor Wentworth, 1772 , . . 614 
John Cochran's promise, 1772 ....... 614 

Hubartus Neal's report on road, 1772 . . . . .615 

Governor Wentworth conveys his defence, 1772 . . 615-623 

Memorial of Peter Livius, 1772 ..... 623-625 

Depositions of Theodore Atkinson, 1772 .... 625-628 



Deposition of Peter Oilman and Thomas W. Waldron, 1772 . 628 
" from the Council, 1772 ...... 629 

Memorial from the Council, 1772 ..... 630-636 

Letter accompanying the memorial, 1772. .... 637 

A fragment .......... 638 

Livius versjis Moffat at Court of Appeals . . . 639-641 

Memorial from justices of Superior Court, 1772 . . .641 
Petition to change county lines, 1773 ..... 642 

Report on Conway, Connecticut River road, 1773 . . 643-645 
Letter of introduction to John Pownall, 1773 .... 645 

Barlow Trecothick to Lord Dartmouth, 1773 .... 645 

Testimonial from inhabitants of Portsmouth, 1773 . . . 646 

" " " " Francestown, 1773 . . . 647 

Petition for protection of fish, 1773 ...... 648 

Testimonial from Dartmouth College, 1773 .... 649 

Summons to Captains Stickney and Chandler, 1773 . . . 650 

Road from New Britain to Hanover . . . . . .651 

State of the light-house at the Fort, 1773 . . . .651 

Statistics of the Province, 1773 ...... 652 

Petition of Joseph Senter, 1774 . . . . . .652 

New Hampshire House to Mass. House, 1774 .... 654 

Memorial from justices of Superior Court, 1774 . . • 654 

Southern boundary of New Hampshire, 1774 . . • -655 

Grafton County justices, 1774 ....... 656 

Hillsborough County justices, 1774 ...... 656 

Colonel Atkinson's orders to Captain Dennett, 1774 . . 657 

" '^ " Lt. Beck, 1774 .... 657 

Letter from Paul Wentworth of London, 1775 .... 658 

Rules and regulations of a militia company, 1775 . . . 659 
Address to King from Provincial Congress, 1775 . . 660-663 
Deposition of William Pearn and Jacob Sheafe, Jr., 1775 . . 66^, 
Minutes of Council, May 29, 1775 ...... 66^) 

'■' " " May 29, 1775 664 

Governor Wentworth to Theodore Atkinson, 1775 . . . 665 
Committee to remove records, 1775 ..... 665 

Governor Wentworth to Theodore Atkinson, 1775 . . . 666 
Atkinson's proposed answer to the committee, 1775 . 666-66d> 

"■ answer as delivered, 1775 ..... 668 

Atkinson accountable for books of charters, 1775 . . . 669 

Atkinson's account to the Governor, 1775 .... 669 

Records removed from office of recorder of deeds, 1775 . . 670 
Atkinson to Governor Wentworth, 1775 . . • . .671 
Wentworth to Atkinson, 1775 ....... 672 



Captain Barkley's conditions, 1775 . ... . . . 672 

Atkinson to Wentworth, 1775 ....... 672 

Wentworth to Atkinson, 1775 673 

Answer to the foregoing, 1775. ...... 673 

George Jaffrey to Noah Emery, 1775 ..... 674 

Atkinson to the captain of the Boyn, 1775 .... 674 

Wentworth to Atkinson, 1775 ....... 675 

Governor's proclamation, 1775 ....... 675 

'' " 1776 676 

Counterfeit money, 1776 ........ ^J"] 

Act to estabhsh the legahty of certain taxes, 1776 . . . 679 
Justices of the peace for Rockingham County, 1776 . . . 680 
Justices in the State of New Hampshire, 1776 . . 681-684 

Naval office table of fees, 1776 684 

Lead mine discovered, 1776 ....... 685 

Chief Justice Weare's certificate, 1776 ..... 685 

Act regulating election of county officers, 1776 . . 685-687 

Protest of Benjamin Giles and others, 1777 .... 687 

Petition of Thomas Casey, 1777 ...... 688 

" " James Richardson of Dover, 1778 .... 689 

Business letter to Joshua Wentworth, 1778 .... 690 

Petition from town of Westmoreland, S-TJ'^ .... 690 

" for liberty to choose a minister, 1778 .... 691 

Minutes of Council, 1778. ...... 692-694 

Petition of Joseph Davenport, agent, 1778 .... 694 

Letter from J. Fisher to his wife, 1778 ..... 695 

Petition from Londonderry, 1778 ...... 696 

Vote of the town on the foregoing, 1778 ..... 697 

Eben Hazard to the House of Representatives, 1778 . . 697 

Certificate from selectmen of Boothbay, Mass., 1778 . . 698 

Petition from Murray and Brown of Boothbay, 1779 . . 698 

" from Jonathan Ingersoll of Salem, Mass., 1779 . . 699 

" for roads, 1779 700-702 

" of the heirs of John Griffith, 1779 . . . 702-704 

" of Sarah Wills, of Portsmouth, 1779 .... 704 
" from slaves, 1779 ...... 705-707 

Minutes of court, 1776, 1780 707-709 

Olcott and Woodward to Colonel Chase, 1780 .... 709 
Samuel Hunt declines a commission, 1780 .... 710 

Petition of Patrick McDonnell, 1780 710 

Report of a committee . . . . . . . -7^^ 

State accounts to P'ebruary 9, 1782 712 

Memorial of Nathaniel Peabody, 1782 713 




Petition for re-incorporation of Monson, 1782 . 

Eleazer Russell to Mcshech Weare, 1782 . 

Letter in regard to ship " Ellen," 1782 

Another about the same affair, 1782 

Petition for increase of currency, 1782 

John Sullivan to John Langdon, 1782 

Petition from inhabitants of Cheshire County, 1782 

" John Hale, of Hollis, 1783 . 
Receipt from Stephen Gorham to John T. Oilman, i 
Certificate from Stephen Gorham, 1783 
John Prentice to Speaker Dudley, 1783" , 
Precept for representatives, 1783 
Nominations for sheriff and judges in Grafton County, 
" " " " " " Cheshire County 

Recommendations for Cheshire County judges 
Credentials of Marbois L'Etombe, 1784 . 
Monsieur Toscan, vice-consul at Portsmouth, 1784 . 
Monsieur Toscan's credentials, 1784 
Abiel Foster and Pierce Long, delegates to Congress, i 
Jonathan Child to Meshech Weare, 1784 . 
Petition to tax non-resident proprietors, 1784 . 
Memorial from committee for adjusting accounts, 1784 
Petition for road from Merrimack to Connecticut River, 
Joseph Gilman to President Weare, 1784 . 
Letter from Loan Officer Gilman, 1784 
Elisha Payne accepts election to Congress, 1784 
Letter from Adams, Franklin, and Jefferson, 1784 . 
Recommendations for officers of a regiment, 1784 . 
Letter from De Marbois to Congress, 1784 
Joshua Wentworth to Ebenezer Thompson, 1784 
A fragment of testimony ...... 

Petition for increase of currency .... 

Sale, of excise on spirituous liquors, 1785 
Petition in favor of Colonel David Webster, 1785 
Letter from John Sullivan to the Senate, 1785 
Petition of Treasurer Gilman for larger salary, 1785- 
Taverns and retailers licensed in Strafford County, 1785 
Report of committee on accounts, 1785 
Letter from treasury board at N. Y., 1785 

" " Stephen Gorham, 1785 .... 
Petition to make real estate a legal tender, 1785 
Report of committee on accounts, 1785 

'" " road committee, 1785 .... 












Account of New Hampshire taxes, 1785 ..... 759 

Joseph Pearson resigns from committee on accounts, 1785 . 760 

Certificate in regard to General SulHvan's account . . . 760 

Letter from Loan Officer Oilman, 1786 . . . . .761 

Monsieur Ducher, vice-consul at Portsmouth, 1786 . . .761 
An act of repeal, 1786 ........ 762 

Leverett Hubbard to President Langdon, 1786 . . . 763 

Circular in regard to French and Dutch loans, 1786 . . 763 

Admission of town inhabitants, 1786 ..... 764 

Eben Hazard to Jeremiah Libbey, 1786 ..... 765 

Letter from Postmaster Libbey, 1786 ..... 765 

Intention to leave the State, 1786 ...... y^i^ 

Concerning the Mason- Allen controversy, 1786 . . . 767 

" " " " 1786 . . .768 

Petition from heirs of Allen, 1786 ..... 769 

Report of committee on standards, 1786 ..... 770 

Postmaster Libbey to Samuel Dearborn, 1786 .... 771 

Report of committee on continental accounts, 1786 . . . 772 

Joshua Wentworth to President Sullivan, 1786 . . . 772 

Report of committee on accounts, 1786 ..... 773 

P^lisha Payne's letter of excuse, 1786 ..... 774 

Petition for pardon, from Exeter prisoners, 1786 . . . 774 

State's quotas for Indian warfare, 1786 .... 77S~777 

Instructions to officers, 1786 ....... 77?> 

Petition of Benjamin Dearborn of Portsmouth, 1786 . . 779 

Major McGregore recommended, 1786 ..... 780 

W. Sargent to President Sullivan, 1786 ..... 780 

Protest of George Gains and others, 1786 . . . .781 

Militia arrangements for Cheshire County .... 782 

Petition of James and William Sheafe, 1786 . . . 7^Z-7^S 
Report of committee on Sheafe petition, 1787 .... 785 

" " " " unimproved lands, 1787 . . . 785 

Removal of Commissioner Gorham, 1787 .... 786-788 

Samuel Hobart's proposal, 1787 ...... 7^^ 

Courts in Hillsborough County, 1787 .... 788-790 

Extract from Nicholas Oilman's letter, 1787 .... 790 

Petition for road from Barnstead to Northwood, 1787 . . 791 

'• "• organization of alarm company, 1787 . . . 792 
Samuel Hobart's petition, 1788 ...... 794 

Petition for a new county, 1788 ...... 794 

" " a company of horse in Twelfth Regiment, 1788 . 795 

" " protection of fish, 1788 796 

J. Oilman transmits his public accounts, 1788 .... 797 



Accounts of confiscated estates, 1789 

Joseph Blanchard's survey of waste lands, 1789 

David Hide's petition, 1789 ... 

Report of committee on road from Barnstead to Northwood 

Memorial of Archibald McMurphy, 1 789 . 

John Hubbard recommended, 1789 . 

Petition of three men to be restored to office, 1789 

" " Lemuel Sargent .... 
Dissent of James Sheafe and others, 1790 
New Hampshire " State Advertiser," 1790 
Report of committee on waste lands, 1790 
Memorial of Samuel Hobar-t of Exeter, 1790 

" " Joseph Whipple, 1790 . 

Letter from Joseph Whipple, 1790 . 

" to Joseph Whipple, 1790 
Resolve of the House in regard to pensions, 1790 
Petition of Charles Henzell of Portsmouth, 1789 
Joshua Wentworth's certificate, 1789 
Charles Henzell's bill against the State, 1790 
Articles of agreement, 1790 
James Sheafe's letter of transmittal, 1790 
Petition of Ozias Silsby, post-rider, 1790 . 
Report of committee on county lines, 1796 
Samuel Livermore, member of Congress, 1790 
Titus Salter's agreement, 1790 
Letter from John Langdon, 1791 
Petition for a new county, 1791 
Letter from Joseph Whipple, 1791 . 
" " " 1791 . 

Petition for a half -shire, 1791 . 

" " aid to duck manufacturers, 1791 
Resolve of Massachusetts House, 1791 
Memorial of Robert L. Fowle, 1791 . 
Report of committee on Odiorne's petition, 1791 
Memorial of Samuel Hobart of Exeter, 1791 
John T. Oilman to President Bartlett, 1791 
Colonel Shepard claims a general's commission, 1791 
Records of candidates for " " 1791 

Letter from Tench Cox, 1791 .... 
Petition for road from Concord to Durham, 1791 

'* of Mary Tufton Mason, 1791 
James McGregore, commissioner of claims, 1791 
Petition of Dudley B. Hobart of Exeter, 1792 . 
























. 821 



. 825 

. 826 

. 827 


. 830 

. 831 

• 832 
. S33 
■ 833 

• 834 
. 835 

• 836 
. 837 
. 838 

• 839 
. 840 
. 841 



Ratable polls in New Hampshire, 1792 

General Bellovvs's resignation, 1792 . 

Stephen Harriman's statement, 1792 

Statement from selectmen of New London, 1792 

Act to establish Washington County, 1792 

Petition for a lottery, 1792 .... 

Report of Treasurer Oilman, 1792 . 

Sir William Pepperell's petition, 1792 

Road from Concord to Durham, 1792 

Petition for road from Dover to Northwood, 1792 

" " " " Chester to Walpole, 1792 

" from Page and Morris, 1792 

" from William Gardner, 1792 
Road from Dover to Northwood, 1 792 
" " Conway to Shelburne, 1792 
Report of road committee, 1792 
Petition for more courts, 1793 . 
Papers received from Colonel McGregore, 1793 
Petition of Samuel Morey, 1793 
Petition for more courts, 1793 ... 
Memorial of Jabez Parsons and others, 1793 
More facts relative to the same matter, 1793 
Instructions from Secretary of War, 1794 
Memorial of Jabez Parsons, 1795 
Petition to construct canals, 1795 

" for protection of fish, 1795 . 

" to clear Piscataqua River, 1796 

" of Tom Powers, 1796 . 
Letter from Oliver Whipple of Hampton, 1798 
Petition from proprietors of "Paddy Seine," 1798 

" for a new road, 1798 
James McHenry to Jacob Sheafe, 1798 
Nathaniel Head's commissions, 1798 
Petition for road from Lancaster, 1798 
Turnpike from Charlestown to Surry, 1799 
Road from Enfield Pond to the "Burnt Lands," 1799 
Proceedings in memory of Washington, 1799 . 

. 842 

• 843 

. 843 

. 844 

. 844 

. 845 

• 847 
. 848 

. 854 
. 856 
. 856 


• 859 
. 861 
. 861 
. 862 
. 863 
. 865 
. 866 


. 872 


. 877 

. 878 

. 878 









Captain Wait's weekly return, 1759 . 

" " monthly return, 1759 

Wages of Captain Wait's company, 1759 
Captain Wait's bill for allowance, 1761 

" " men sent to Detroit, 

Article from Edes' " Boston Gazette," October 2, 1775 
Orders to Lieutenant-Colonel Wait, 1776 

" from Benedict Arnold, 1776 . 
Colonel Wait's account to General Sullivan, 1776 
French Canadians in Colonel Hazen's regiment 
Rev, Joshua Moody's account, 1676 . 
Rates for Great Island, 1677 .... 
Summons to delinquent rate payers, 1678 
Nathaniel Fryer's account, 1679 
John Brewster's order, 1679 .... 
Bill of Robert Elliott, 1680 . 
Mr. Moody to the selectmen, 1680 . 
Shipping at Portsmouth, 1681 . 
Letter of Elias Stileman, 1682 .... 
Notice to rate payers, 1682 .... 
Letter of John Light, payment of town rate, 1682 

" " Splan Lovell, 1682 .... 
Bill of Obadiah Morse, 1682 .... 
Governor Cranfield's proclamation, 1682 . 
Permit to call a town meeting, 1683 
Order of Governor and Council, 1683 
Summons for contempt, 1683 .... 
Order of justices of the peace, 1684 . 
John Pickering's bill, 1705 .... 

Letter to Colonel Hilton about powder supply, 1705 
Report on school-houses, 1716 .... 










[continued from volume XVII.] 

[The references at the beginnin,^ of the documents (2-144, etc.) 
are to volume and page of " Miscellaneous Province and State Pa- 
pers," in the office of the secretary of state, where the originals may 
be found. — Ed.] 

[ Vote relative to Building a State House.'] 

[Copied from the Hibbard Manuscripts, Vol. III., p. 167, New Hamp- 
shire Historical Society.] 

In Coun^ May 26"^ 1725 — 
ForasinncJi as the sitting of the General Assembly and holding y^ 
Court of Justice at a Common Inn or Tavern as has been heretofore 
used within this Province is not onely a dishonour to the Goverment 
but attended w'^ Inconveniencies too well known to need a mention :: 
yi;^(^ whereas the s'^ Dishonour and Inconvenience may both be rem- 
edyed by building a State house for holding the s*^ General Assem^ 
and Courts in which may be done without any charge to the Province 
in the following manner (viz') By depositing so much money in the 
hands of a Committee as shall be sufficient to defray y^ charge of 
building s'^ house, which s*^ sum to be sunk by burning thirty pounds 
annually till the whole shall be Consumed — Eighteen of the said 
thirty pounds to be paid out of y® excise and the remaining twelve 
out of y^ Treasury yearly which now is and for a Considerable time 
past has been paid to the Proprietor of Tavern Rooms for y^ use 
thereof — Therefore 


Voted That a Committee be Immediately cliosen to Consider of & 
make a Plat for y^ s"^ house, & report it to y® Gen^ Assembly, for their 
approbation in order to their Chuseing a Committee to agree w''^ 
workmen to build y^ same : And further that when this Province 
shall be so enlarged, as the Gen^ Assembly shall see meet to divide 
it into two Countys, a State house shall be built for y'' new County 
at the Province Cost 

Rich^ Waldron Cler : Cou. 
Eod'" Die/ 

In the house of Representatives Read and Non-concurred 

James Jeffrey CI"" Ass™ 

[I fail to find any mention of the foregoing in the printed Council 
records. The Assembly record of May 27, 1725, is as follows. — Ed.] 

A message to the house by Geo Jaffrey Arch^ Macpheadris & Jn° 
Frost Esq''^ with a Vote of Council for building a State house at 
Portsm° which was immediately returned by Cap* John Gillman & M' 
John Sanburn non concurr'd. 

[2-144] Copy of a Letter to Governor Vandriel. 

[Handwriting of Secretary Waldron.] 

Sir In Consideration of the Treaty at Utrecht and the alliance and 
firm amity which is now Subsisting between our Masters I could 
never have thought that our heathen Enemy the Indians had any 
Countenance or Encouragement In the Prosecution of their unjust 
warr ag^' us from Canada were it not too obvious to be doubted or 
that those men of blood were Shelter there had they not from time 
to time fled thither & been Secured from our Pursuers, and I hope 
Sir that upon a review of those things you may be of opinion that 
what has been hitherto done on the part of y^ French in that matter 
is not justifyable by the law of Nations, and thereby be Induced to 
forbear the like for the future, and Indeed Sir I am not a little Sur- 
prised that you detain any of the Subjects of King George or Suffer 
them to be detained Prisoners in Your Goverment which have of late 
been Captivated by the Indians & led thither but I presume for y® 
reasons before E.xprest It will be no more so, and that all y*^ Captives 
now at Canada will be immediately deliver'd to M'^Theod"' Atkinson the 
bearer hereof who is now going In behalf of This Goverment by My 
order & in the name of my Soverign Lord King George to demand 


them as his Subjects at your hands, and To remonstrate to you the 
Inconveniencys which probably may attend your further Encouraging 
& protecting y^ vowed & open Enemys of y"^ King of Great Brittain 
to whom be pleased to be referred 

[The letter was sent to Governor Vaudreil, of Canada, by Theodore 
Atkinson, who was appointed by Lieutenant-Governor Wentworth, in 
accordance with a vote of the Assembly of December 12, 1724, to join 
commissioners from Massachusetts, Connecticut, Rhode Island, and 
New York, to go to Canada and remonstrate with the Governor for 
violation of the treaty of Utrecht. See Vol. IV., pp. 163, 174. — Ed.] 


\_Siuiivions to Samuel Emerson to Answer for Obstnteting a Deputy 

Surveyor, 1725.] 

Pro : of ) To The Sheriff of The S"^ Province His Und"" Sheriff or 
N-Hamp"" j Deputy Greeting 

Pursuant to an order of His Hon"" the Lieu* Gov"" You are hereby 
required in His Majestys name immediately on receipt hereof to 
Summon Cap' Sam^ Emerson of Dover Gentleman to appear at the 
Council Chamber in Portsm° before his Hon"" y® L' Gov'' tomorrow at 
10 oclock beforenoon, to answer y^ Complaint of Ich^ Chesley of S"^ 
Dover yeoman, for obstructing him y^ S^ Chesley in y*^ Execution of 
His office as Deputy Surveyor of y^ woods Sometime within a Month 
past at Dover aforesaid w'^*' is Contrary to y'^ Peace of our Sovereign 
Lord y^ King His Crown and Dignity. Dated at y*" Council Cham- 
ber in Portsm° aforesaid y^ thirtyeth day of Decem"" 1725 

Rich'^ Waldron Cler Cou 

Make return of y^ Precept w*'' yo"" Doings at time & place above 
mentioned — R Waldron Cler Cou 

Provenc of New Hamsher Desembr the 31 1725 
with obdenc of to this within presep I hath Summuns Ca' Samuel 
Emerson Rich"^ Ward Dep Sher 

[2-145] {Governor s Order in Favor of R. IViMref, i'/26.'] 

Pro : of \ By The Honourable John Wentworth Esq"" Lieu' Gov'' 
N : Hamp*" J and Commander in Chief of the Said Province 

Pay unto Richard Wibird Esq"" out of the Treasury — thirty three 


pounds three Shillings and ten pence for Sundry disbursm*^ on the 
Brigantine Squirril, and for the voyage to Casco upon the ratification 
with the Indians for which this Shall be your warrant. Given under 
my hand at Portsmouth the 20*^^ day of August 1726 

J : Went worth 
To M"" Treas^ Penhallow N-Hampshire 


\_P roc ee dings in Council relative to Smnnel Thing, not Printed in 
Council Records, 1726.] 

Pro : N. Hamp'' At a Council at Portsm° Sep' 26, 1726 — 

Present in Coun^ 

His Hon"" Jn° Wentworth Esq"" L* Gov'' 
Mark Hunking '1 R. Wibird \ 

Geo : Jaffrey > Esq"^^ A. Macphedris > Esq''* 

Shad=* Walton ) Jn° Frost ) 

Jotham Odiorne Esq'' 

Upon Complaint of Nathan Tailer Benj-'' Sanburn and Sam^ Stevens 
ag^' Sam^ Thing Esq'' for mal-administration in his office as Justice of 
the Peace (as at large on file) The Case being opened by y^ Kings 
Attorney in behalf of the Complain'® and the respond' being fully 
heard in the premises — It is resolved that the following Minute of 
Council be publickly read at y^ board in presence of the s^ Justice 
Thing (viz') That the Compl'* have fully made out and proved their 
Charge exhibited ag®' him, and forasmuch as y° said Justice Thing- 
stands now convict, of perverting y^ law and mal-administration (in his 
capacity afores'') in sundry Instances as Expressed in the s*^ Complaint 
It is Ordered nemine contradicente, That the s'' Sam' Thing Esq'' be 
suspended from y*^ place and office of a Justice of peace and he is hereby 
suspended from exercising the said place & office for y^ space of 3 
m° next Coming. And forasmuch as it is suggested to y*^ board that 
these are not the first Instances of the s^ M'' Things misfeasance and 
illegal proceedings in his Justiciary administration It is further ordered 
that his suspension afores"^ be continued from y** end of y*^ s'' 3 m° 
during y^ Pleasure of y'^ L' Gov'' & Council unless at y*^ Expiration 
y''^of he appear at y^ board & vindicate his character especially in y^ 
matter of Foulsham & Morgan (mentioned by y*^ Kings attorney) : 
and that y^ respond' pay Costs am° to ;^3. 8 — 

R. Waldron Cler Cou, 

[Endorsed] Minute Coun. f''' 26 1726 


[A number of depositions, copies of warrants, and minutes of the 
proceedings of the justice's court, held by said Samuel Thing, accom- 
pany the foregoing. — Ed.] 

[2-156] [Memorial of John, Son of Sir CJiarles Hobby, 1726.] • 

Province of New Hampshire, Novemb*" : 22 : A. D. 1726. 
To The Honble John Wentworth Esq"" L' Gov"" and Commander in 

Chief & y^ Honble the Council & Representatives in General Court 


The Humble Memorial of John Hobby Son and Heir of S"" Charles 
Hobby — Sheweth — 

That your Memorialist has by Descent from his s'^ Father S'' Charles 
Hobby a just right to half y^ Lands of this Province w* he purchased 
of M"" Thomas Allen Son and Heir of the Honble Sam^ Allen Esq'' — 
And now forasmuch as the main & principal parts of it are actually 
settled by the Labours and at y^ great expense of y*" blood and treas- 
ure of the present inhabitants, Your Memorialist is therefore willing 
to make them very easy in their possession however they were induced 
at first to possess themselves wrongfully of them — My business 
therefore at this present is to move this Honble Court in behalf of 
the Inhabitants of y® [this] Province to consult some proper methods 
whereby y'^ Inhabitants may be Intirely contented and at the same 
time I may not be utterly disinherited and lose my patrimony among 
them — 

This is an affair will doubtless be best Compromised in peace, both 
for y^ safety of our estates and satisfaction of our Consciences and 
the Issue may be Gods blessing upon our Labours & the security of 
our persons from his Chastisements by the barbarous Heathen The 
only thing I can suggest at present as a leading step to it will be (if 
this Honble Court think well of it) to have a Committee of some 
moderate & discreet persons appointed by this Court in behalf of the 
Inhabitants that 'we may freely and friendly debate the matter make 
mutual offers & proposalls for an accommodation & when we conclude 
if the matter be pleasing to y*" Inhabitants we shall ratifie them. — 

And I hope this Honble Court will see the persons appointed (if 
they come into the proposal now made) be men of peace and moder- 
ation willing to administer Justice altho' some temporal damage is 
sufered by it for I determine to govern my self by such advice, and 
if it be possible to prevent any further Contest & so I rest y^ Propo- 
sall before your Honour & y^ Honble Court &c 

John Hobby 


[The foregoing memorial was read in Council November 23, and 
sent to the House. November 24, the matter was considered in con- 
ference of the Council and House. November 29, "The vote of the 
Councill of the 25''' Inst. Relating to M''John Hobbys Memorial was 
Read & Nonconcurred " There is no record of said vote of Council in 
Vol. IV. In General Assembly, November 30, action was taken as 
follows. — Ed.] 

The Memorial of John Hobby Esq having been Considered in this 
House The House are of opinion y' the Laws of the Province are 
Sufficient to determine any controversy with respect to any title of 
land lying w*Mn the Same and it being unpresidented for this House 
to take any Cognisance where the Title of land is determinable by 
the Courts of Common law within this Province, Therefore Voted — 
That the said Memorial be dismist — 9^'' 30''' 1726 

Jam Jaffrey Cler. assem. 

In Coun. Eod die — Read and Concurred 

R. Waldron Cler. Cou. 


\_Mcniorial of Samuel Waldo concerning some Masts alleged to have 
been Cnt in Rochester, 1727.] 

Province of New \ To the Hon''^'' John Wentworth Esq'' L' Gov"" & 
Hampshire ss. j Commander in Cheif & the Hon''''^ the Councill 

of the said Province 

Samuel Waldo of Boston in the Province of the Massachusetts Bay 
Merch' : Humbly Sheweth 

That Ralph Gulston of London Merchant hath contracted with the 
Right Hon^'° the Lords of y'' Navy board to supply y^ Royall Navy 
for ffive years now in being And y"" Pef hath y^ Royall Licence pur- 
suant for the cutting of White Pine Trees in the Province of New 
Hampshire, or elsewhere, by y*^ Procurement & for y*^ use of the said 
Ralph Gulston, and the s^' Gulston understanding that one Hanson & 
Company having in the year 1725 within the Province of New Hamp- 
shire cutt down Thirty four White Pine Trees without the bounds of 
any Town now settled, but pretending the same to be in the Bounds 
of a certain Township called Rochester but not settled & whereof the 
Gov"" of New Hampshire has reserved the White Pines for his Maj- 
estys Service, & this they have done without the Royall License, & 
against the form of a certain act of Parliament, made ait a Session of 


Parliament held att Westminster in the Eighth year of his present 
Majest}'s Reign, Intitled an act giveing further encouragement for y^ 
Importation of Navall Stores, & for other purposes therein mentioned, 
& that there is Thirty Three Masts & Bowspritts from 22 to 35 Inches 
Diameter made from said Trees lying in Portsmouth within this 
Province, Whereupon the said Ralph Gulston Insisteth that by force 
of the Act of Parliament aforesaid all the said Masts & Bowspritts 
made from y^ said Trees are forfeited, & ought to be siesed for the use 
of his said Majesty, & that I should do every thing therein proper 
both for y^ Intrest of his Majesty & also to prevent his private dam- 
age who has made the Contract afores'^ 

Wherefore y'' Pef in behalf of the said Ralph Gulston humbly 
Prays yo"" Hon""® : & this Hon^'^ board that he may so farr obtain 
your Hon''^ ffavour and assistance, since the Deputy Surveyor of His 
Maj'y* Woods [Robert Armstrong] refuseth utterly to Intermeddle 
therein, as that by the order of this Hon'^^*^ Board the said Masts & 
Bowspritts may be seized as forfeited as aforesaid, as being cutt and 
gotten without the Royall Licence, against the Act of Parliam* afore- 
said, & the Provision & Reservation of the Govern* here, & that the 
Attorney Generall of this Province of New Hampshire may be directed 
to file an Information against them, att the adjournment of the Sup"" 
Court next, & purrsue the same to effect, & y^' Hon^'^ most humble 
Pef as in duty bound &c. 

S^ Waldo 

[Endorsed] Province of N. Hamp"" Received the within Memorial 
from Mr. Richard Waldron this 7*'' Day of March 1726-7 — 

[For legislative action, see Vol. IV., pp. 14, 15. — Ed.] 

[The following are from copies obtained in London by the New 
Hampshire Historical Society, from copies transmitted by the provin- 
cial Governor. The editor has selected such portions as are not 
printed in Vol. IV. of this series. — Ed.] 

Prov : of N. Hamp' At a Gen^ Assem^ "^ adj' thursday Apr' 25''^ 

Present His Hon"" John Wentworth Esq"" L' Gov"" 

Mark Hunkin ) Rich'^ Wibird ^ 

Geo : Jaffrey > Esq""^ Joth. Odiorne V Esq'^ 

Shad^ Walton ) H. Sherburne J 


A message to the board "^ Mess""* Tibbits & Thing with a vote for 
repealing y^ powder act which was returned "^ Mess''^ Jaffrey and 
Sherburne with orders to acquaint the House His Hon'' could not 
repeal the act unless a better method of supplying y*^ fort with pow- 
der could be projected. 

Adjourned til tomorrow 9 a Clock A. M. 

[May 17, 1728. In addition to Vol. IV., p. 297.] 

A message to the board "^ Mr. Dennet with a vote for a Commit- 
tee of Audit namely Mess''® Thing Pierce and Atkinson w* was Con- 
cur'd & y*" Gent" appointed on y'^ part of y*^ board are Mess''® Wibird 
Frost and Sherburne. 

[April 25, 1729. In addition to Vol. IV., p. 537.] 

His Excellency was pleased to communicate to the Board a Vote of 
the General Assembly of the Massachusetts appointing Commission- 
ers in behalf of that Goverm* to joyn such as might be chosen by 
this to settle the divisional line of the two Provinces which was read 
& sent down by the Clerk. 

A message to the House by the Clerk with the Petition of Cap' 
Paul Wentworth and others praying for a Parish in the northerly part 
of Dover. 

By the same Message a Petition in behalf of several Indians Pray- 
ing an equivalent for the guns taken from them by this Goverment. 

A message to the Board by Mess''® Atkinson and Mathes with the 
Petition of Cap* Wentworth and others (sent down this day) with a 
vote of the House for appointing a hearing on said Petition on 
Wednesday next and notifying the selectmen of Dover thereof which 
was consented to In Coun^ 

[May I, 1729. In addition to Vol. IV., p. 539.] 

To His Excellency William Burnet Esq*" Cap* General and Commander 
in Cheif in and over His Majestys Province of New Hamp'' and 
Vice Admiral of the same 

The answer of the House of Representatives to your Excellency's 
speech of the 22^^ April 

May it Please Your Excellency — At the opening this Session you 
was pleased to mention your inclination to have met us before had 
not the difificultics your Excellency met with in your other Goverment 
prevented you, which difference your Excellency was pleased to say 


was SO far accepted in yo"" Excellency's favour, as that you had the 
approbation of the Lords Commissioners for Trade & plantations for 
declining- to accept of money from the Assembly there on any terms 
different from those in your Excellency's Instructions — Now Inas- 
much as we are altogether unacquainted with controversys between 
yo"" Excellency and the Assembly of your other Goverment, and the 
different Circumstances we are under from them both by reason of the 
charter and the ability of that people beyond that of our own together 
with your Excellency's demands upon each of us, which will scarce 
bear any proportion Therefore we hope your Excellency will not take 
it amiss if we think it not parallel Your Excellency's demanding one 
fifth part as much of us as you do from them who by a modest com- 
putation is tweaty times as great both in polls & estates — Now we 
humbly crave leave to say that ever since we have had the favour of 
a Goverment we have given abundant satisfaction to our Governors 
from time to time by our usual allowances to them and without dis- 
pute have been generous to the utmost of our ability and what your 
Excellency demands of us is more than what ever hath been de- 
manded before and as we have been always ready upon all occasions 
to manifest our loyalty to our King in supporting our Governor so we 
hope we shall pass such votes as your Excellency may accept — We 
■do and always shall with the utmost sense of Gratitude acknowledge 
any the marks of your Excellency's favour to us, and return you 
hearty thanks for the tender your Excellency was so good as to make 
of your endeavours to bring the controversy between yo"" Excellencys 
Goverments relating to the lines to a happy conclusion 

And^^ Wiggin Speaker 

[Friday, May 2, 1729. In addition to Vol. IV., p. 539.] 

A message from the House To the Board by M"" Dennet with Cap^ 

[George] Walker's Petition and vote thereon for granting the 

prayer thereof. — 

By the same message the following report and vote came to the 
Board — Whereas the Petition of Eben"" Easman and Rich'^ Hazen 
Jun"" in the behalf of themselves and several others of Haverhill 
[Mass.] seting forth the difficultys they laboured under by reason of 
the disputes and uncertainty of the lines of the two Provinces and 
that the Goverment of the Massachusets has chosen a Committee to 
Joyn w*"^ a Committee which might be chosen in this Province to meet 
and consider and settle &c. 

The consideration of the Petition and premises being referr'd to us 
the subscribers as a Committe we make our return as follows — (viz^) 

That as to the lands which they set forth their long possession 


which they have had, we are of opinion that the common law must 
decide that which supports every mans right in his property and to 
chusing a Committee to Joyn w''^ the Committe from the Massachu- 
sets, we have submited that matter to the King and hope His Majesty 
will in a short time will it 

And for the present it would be fruitless for us to meet for there 
has been several Committes appointed but could never agree where 
to take their departure to run the west line and altho' their own 
Charter is in plain words with latitude and longitude yet they insist 
on a Crooked line, & unless they will prefix the certain place where 
to begin and so run a West line we suppose it not agreeable to their 
Charter and we are of opinion that the place which was the intent 
and meaning of the charter to begin on the north side of Merrimack 
river by the sea and run three miles north and then a west line and if 
they will comply with that. That then there be a Committe of this 
Province chosen to joyn w"'' their Committe to run s'^ line and that 
line to stand 'till his Maj''" pleasure be known 

Nath' Weare Shad--^ Walton 

Josh^ Pierce Joth. Odiorne 

In the House of Represent® May 2'' 1729 — The within return was 
read and voted that it be accepted and sent up for Concurrence 

Jam'' Jeffrey Cler : Assem. 

In Council Eodem die — Read and Concurred 

Richard Waldron Cler. Cou. 

A message to the House by Mess'* Jaffrey and Wlbird with the 
vote of the House sent up yesterday for setling a salary on His Ex- 
cellency for three years yet to come concurr'd with in Council with y^ 
following amendment viz^ inserting after y'^ words — yet to come or 
during His Excellencys continuing Governor. 

[May 15, 1729. In addition to p. 550, Vol. IV.] 

Col° Westbrook is desired to Inquire of Cap' Nathaniel an Indian 
or any other Indian Eastward concerning the river Merrunack, how 
far upward or Westw^^ it held that name amongst them &c. 

[2-160] {Proclatnation of Peace witJi the Indians^ ^7-7-] 

By The Hon'''^ John Wentworth Esq"" Lieu' Gov"" & Comand"" In Chief 
In and over His Maj''" Province of N. Hamp"" In N. England — 


A Proclamation of Peace — 

Whereas Articles of Submission and Pacification were entered into- 
w"^ this Goverment upon y'^ fifteenth of Dec"" 1725 by Deleo-ates in 
behalf of y^ Penobscut Tribes and other Tribes of Eastern Indians 
^ych gd articles were upon y^ fifth day of August then next following 
ratified and confirmed before me at Falmouth by y^ Chief Sachem of 
the s^ Penobscut Tribes and other Principal Indians in y'^ name of 
that & y^ other Tribes which s^ articles have been again and further 
ratified before me at s'^ Falm° on y^ 21^' day of the month of July last 
past by Moxus Chief Sachem of y'^ Norridgwock Tribe, Animuit 
Captain and Councell'' of y*" Arrasaguntecook, alias S' Francis Tribe 
in his brothers absence ; and Nemmagen and Watzarabouet Two Cap- 
tains and Councellors and two of y'' Chiefs of the Wauwenock Tribes, 
and Awemonet y'^ Chief Sachems Son and other Principal Indians of 
each of y" villages for y"' selves and their Tribes w''' all signs of sin- 
cerity and marks of good & friendly dispositions in y^ s'^ Ind"* — 

I have therefore thought fit (with y^ advice of His Maj^'*^^ Coun^) to 
make y^ same known by y^ Publick Proclamation Hereby strictly 
commanding and requiring all His Majestys good subjects in this 
Province to live in peace and amity with y*^ s'^ Indians and not to 
Commit any acts of Violence or Hostility ag^' y"' but on y^ Contrary 
to afford y'" all necessary Comfort & assistance as occasion shall 
require — 

Given at y*^ Coun' Chamb"' in Portsm° y'^ fourth day of August 1727 
and in y'^ 14^'^ year of y*^ reign of our Sovereign L'' George by y* 
Grace of God of Great Brittain France and Ireland King Defend"" of 
y^ faith &c — J. VV. 

By order of His Hon' y^ L' Gov"" with y*^ advice of y'' Coun' 

R. Waldron Cler. Cou. 
God Save the King 


\Copy of ConiDiission to Lieut. Gov. John Wentn'ortJi, October ij, I7-7-J 

George R. — 
Seal George the Second by the Grace of God of Great Brit- 
ain France and Ireland King Defender of y^ faith &c — 
To Our Trusty and well beloved John Wentworth Esq' Greeting 

We Reposing especial trust and confidence in your loyalty courage 
and prudence Do by these Presents Constitute & appoint you to be 


our Lieu^ Gov'' of our Province of N. Hampshire in New England in 
America, To have hold Exercise & Enjoy the said place and office 
during our Pleasure w^*^ all rights privileges and profits perquisites 
and advantages to the same belonging or appertaining. And further 
in case of y*^ death or absence of our Cap* General and Gov"" in Chief 
in & over our said Province of New Hamp'' in New England now & 
for y'^ time being, We do hereby authorize and empower you to execute 
and perform all and singular tne powers & directions contan'd in Our 
Commission to Our said Captain General and Gov'* in Chief according 
to such Instructions as are already sent on or shall hereafter from 
time to time be sent unto him or as you shall receive from us, and 
from our said Captain General and Chief Governour of our said Prov- 
ince of New Hampshire now and for the time being ; and all and 
singular Our officers and Ministers and loving subjects of Our said 
Province, and others whom it may Concern are hereby Commanded 
to take due notice hereof, and to give their ready obedience accord- 

Given at Our Court at S* James's y^ seventeenth day of October 
1727. In y® first year of Our reign — 

By His Maj''"^^ Command — 

Holies New Castle 

John Wentworth Esq'' L* Gov"" of N. Hamp"" 

[2-162] \\Varrant for Arrest of B. Rust for Slander, 1728.] 

Pro : of ) To the Sheriff of the S'^ Province His Und"" Sher or 
N, Hamp"" \ Deputy Greeting — 

Information being Given to His Hon'' the L* Gov"" and the Hon^'^ 
board That Benj^ Rust of Portsm° in y^ Province af ores'' Innholder 
Did on or ab* y^ 16* Instant Jan''^ at y^ house of Thom^ Harvey in 
Portsm° and at Sundry other times and Places in a most Scandalous 
vile and malicious Manner Misuse y^ Name and Character of the S^ 
L' Gov'' and Council as such by Publickly declaring them to be Cursed 
Dam'd Rogues, & that they had not done him y*^ S'^ Rust Justice, that 
they had no Power That they were no more a Court than y^ Devil 
That he would Pull them down, that he would head a Comp^ to tare 
them to peices, Dam'd their Legislative Power, and S'^ they would go 
to Hell and all this with a mixture of the most Impious & Profane 
language &c^ 

These are therefore (In His Maj"'^^ name) Pursuant to an order of 
His Hon' the L* Gov"" and Council to require you forthw''' to appre- 



hend y^ body of the S^ Benj'"^ Rust if he may be found within yo"' 
Precinct and him bring before The Hon^''= the Council board to be 
Exam'd in y^ Premises and Dealt with according to his deserts for 
which This Shall be yo'' Warrant, and make return of yo"" Doings 
herein together with this warr' Dated at y'^ Council Chamber in Portsm 
the 24''^ of Jan'^y 1727.8 annoq Regni Regis Georgii Secundi prime 

R Waldron Cler Cou 
[See Vol. IV., p. 15. — Ed.] 


Pro : of ) To the Goal Keeper of His Maj'^''^ Goal in Portsm° within' 
N. Hamp'^ ) the Province afores^ Greeting — 

Benj'' Rust of Portsm° being Convened before His Hon'' The L^ 
Gov' and Council to answer for a Vile and Scandalous abuse of them 
as Such on or ab' y^ 16''^ Instant as in y^ Warr' is at large Exprest. 
You are therefore hereby required in His Maj^'''^ name Pursuant 
to an ord"" of His Hon"" The Lieu' Gov'' & Council To receive y^ S'^ 
Benj^ Rust into y'^ S*^ Goal and him Safely keep and there detain til 
Delivered by order of this board. Dated at y^ Council board in 
Portsm° y^ 24*'^ of Jan''^ lyzy.S annoq R"' R'* Georg : Secund Primo' 

R Waldron Cler Cou 


l^Co/fj/ of Letter to Lieutenant-Governor Duvimer — Bonndary-Line 
Troubles — In Handivriting of RicJiard Waldron, 1728.] 

Sir I rec"* Yo''^ in relation to the process ag^' M' Peasly which I laid 
before His Maj''^^ Council here who werre of Advice that forasmuch 
as y*^ affair of y® partition line of y^ Two provinces is before His 
Maj'''^ In Coun^ & y® Determination thereof dayly Expected, and In 
Complyance w*^ yo'' request The Same Should be Continued til Our 
next Term, and It is done accordingly. I heartily Wish Yo"" Gen^ 
Assemy had not been so forw'^ In Sending a band of armed men into 
the bowels of" this Goverm' to drive and hale our People w''' force & 
arms into yo"" Province w'^'* was y*^ Ground of this pres' dispute. Indeed 
I could hardly Think Such an unprecedendal proceeding could have 
been Countenanced much less Commanded but I hope these will be 
y^ last Complaints concerning that matter — As To y^ Settlem* of 
Haverhil bounds upw^ of 50 years agoe by y'' Gen^ Assem^ whereof 
y'' represen. of N H were a part, To Infer from these that an under 
Sher : may Come Eleven miles on this Side Merrimack & Execute a 



Warr^ (from a Justice in Essex) because w^^in y^ so settled bounds of 
y*^ Town is strange I Conceive It may be as well Argued that he may 
come into Dover or portsm° their boundarys being determined for y^ 
bounds of Those Towns were Settled at or about y® Same time & by 
y* Same authority yo"" Gen' Assem. when N-Hamp"" rep. were a part 
and Then Sir To what purpose is y^ Kings Commission for this 
Province, but not to multiply words in an affair w* we may hourly 
Expect to have Our Masters Royal resolution upon, I therefore onely 
add that as I have Interposed in this matter at yo"" desire & y* Case 
is Continued, you will be pleased to favour me in y^ like request & for 
y^ like reason & Cause a Stop to be put to a process now on foot ag^' 
Some of Our people which is to be bro't forw'' at yo'' next Court In 
Essex and am 

Sir Yo' Very Obed^ hum"^' Serv^ 

[No signature.] 


List of Gov. Burnett' s Justices, 1729. 

-Shadrach Walton 

George Jaffrey 

Thomas Westbrook 

Rich'i Wibird 

John Frost 

Jotham Odiorne 

Henry Sherbon 

Richd Waldron 

Peter Weare 

John Plaisted 

James Davis 

Nicholas Gillman 

Sam' Thing 

Maj. John Gillman 

Andrew Wiggin 

Nath' Sargent 

John Pen hallow 

Sam' Winkley 

James McKeen 

Joshua Peirce 

John Downing 

Paul Gerrish 

Paul Wentworth 

Sam' Tibbits 

James Clarkson 

Jonathan Sanborn 

Ebenezer Stevens 

Jabez Smith 

[2-169] \_Petition frojH Sarah, Widow of Rev. N. Rogers, 1729.] 

Province of ) To his Excellency William Burnet Escf Cap' Generall 
New Hampsh"" ) & Commander in chief in & over S'' Province & 

to the Hon''''' the Council & Representatives now conven'd in Gen- 

erall Assembly 

The Petition of Sarah Rogers Relict widow & administratrix to the 
Estate of the Rev'' M-" Nath" Rogers late of Portsm" in y'' Pro : 
aforesaid deceas'd Sheweth 

That y'' S'' M'' Nath" Rogers in the Spring & Fall of Sundry years 
whilst Coll" Dudley was Governour of this Province did entertain the 
.S'' Governour Dudley at his house during the respective Times of his 


continuance in the Province at the Instance & request of the Gover- 
ment amounting in all to eleven Sessions of the Gen" Court — yet So 
it is that neither the S"^ Nath" Rogers in his life time nor your Peti- 
tioner Since his Decease have receiv'd any Satisfaction or Allowance 
for the Same altho' allowances have been always usual in Such Cases 
Your Petitioner therefore humbly prays that y'' Excellency & the 
Hon*^'"^ the Councill & Representatives would be pleas'd to consider 
her hard Case & make her such an Allowance as Shall to you Seem 
most just & reasonable & your Petitioner Shall ahvays pray &c — 
Portsm° May 6^'' 1729 Sarah Rogers 

Read & ordered to lye for Consideration til y® next Session 

In the house of Representatives X"^ y^ 18'*" 1729 Read & ordered to 
lye for Consideration till- the Spring Session, and that the Clerk of 
the ass'" Endeavor in the mean time to get Information from the Late 
Treas'' Penhallows accounts how Gov"" Dudley was Subsisted Dureing 
his Goverm^ — James Jeffry CI'' ass'" 

[In Genera] Assembly, April 30, 1731, the foregoing claim was 
"voted to be dismiss'd." — Ed.] 


\Pctition of Jo Jin and Tain son Tibhetts, relative to two of their Chil- 
dren who "were taken Prisoners by the Indians, 1729.] 

To his Exel'^'* William Burnet Esq"" Cap' Gen'^ & Commander in Chief 
in and over his Maj"*^^ Province of New hampshire in New Eng- 
land, & To the hon*"'^ the Councill, & House of Representatives 
Conven'd in Gen" Assembly — 

The Humble Petition of John Tibbets, & Tamson Tibbets his wife 
Most humbly Sheweth — 

That your Petitioners hath been at a Verry great Expence besides 
their Trouble & Travel in Going to Canada for the Redemption of 
Two of the Children of yo'' Petitioner Tamsen Tibbets, (formerly 
Tamsen Bam) That were taken Captives by the Indians in the late 
Warr, and Sold to the French, And whereas your Petitioners Did 
formerly Petition the hon'^'^ the liu' Governor Wentworth for a Brief : 
And the Good People of this Province were so Kind that there was 
given one hundred and Eleven Pounds, or very neare it : Yet so it is 
That your Petitioners being verry Poore ; and there Remaines yet to 
be paid for the Ransom of their Children the sum of two hundred 
& fifty pounds this Money, which they are unable to pay, If they 



should sell all they have in the world, And therefore they Most hum- 
bly Pray help and Relief : in the premises as yo"" Excellency & 
honors in Wisdome shall see Most meet : (the accompt of our Charge 
& Expence being Ready to be shown if Desired.) And your Peti- 
tioners as in Duty bound shall Ever Pray &c — 
aprill the 30''' 1729 

In the house of Representatives the above Petition Was Read : 
and voted that it be Dismis'd May 2^ 1729 : — for that y^ Pef has had 
a Brief * allready : & the accompt is verry Extravagant — 

James Jeffrey CV ass'" 

[2-171] A Count of my Charges of a Jurny Canade 

1727 April 30 




To my Charg from home to albany .... 




To my Charg 6 Days at albeny of Thatt money 




To my Whole Charg of Going ovr y® Lake and mons 




To Shomble^ fort Confind 4 Days .... 



To Pilets from Shombele to Canade 




To firridg ovr Laprare ...... 




To our Bording 2 months at 30 Livrs Each — Can- 

edy money 120 Livers ..... 




To Bording 2 Children 21 D att a i Livr. 




To Interpators 42 Livers ..... 




To Pasport 6 Livers ...... 



To Provisons for our Return 40 Livrs 




To Clothing our Captives 30 Livrs .... 




To Paid for Coming ovr the Lake 54 Livrs 




To our Charg at albeny ...... 




To our Paseg to new york ..... 




To our Charg In New york 




To our pasheg from york to Boston 




To our Charg at Boston 




To Ransom of our Two Children from The Indans 

1270 Livres . 







License to collect contributions for a specified purpose. 

2. Chambley. 


Prov^: of New 1 M' ]n" Tibbetts & his wife M--^ Tamson Tibbetts 
Hampsh'' J personaly appering made oath that Thay had ad- 
vanced the Several Sums above mentioned, on there Jorny to Caniday 
for the Redemption of Two of There Children as allso for the 
Ransom of The Same 

apr' 30 : 1729 — R Wibird Jus* p 


\_JonatJian BelcJier s Coviuiissioii as Governor of New HavipsJiirey 

January 20, 1730.] 

George The Second ByJhe Grace of God of Great Brittain France 
& Ireland King, Defender of the Faith &c. — To our trusty & 
welbeloved Jonathan Belcher Esq'' Greeting Know you that wee 
reposing Especial Trust & confidence in the Prudence Courage & 
Loyalty of you the Said Jonathan Belcher of our Especial Grace 
certain knowledge and meer motion Have thought fit to constitute 
and appoint and by these presents Do constitute and appoint you 
The Said Jonathan Belcher To be our Governor & Commander in 
Chief of our Province of New Hampshire within our Dominion of New 
England in America During our will and Pleasure and Wee do hereby 
Require & command you to do and Execute all things in due manner 
that shall belong unto Your said command and the trust wee have 
reposed in you according to the Several powers and Directions granted 
or appointed you by this present commission and the Instructions & 
authorities herewith given you or by Such Further Powers instruc- 
tions and Authorities as shall at any time hereaff be granted or ap- 
pointed you under our Signet and Sign Manual or by our order in our 
Privy Council and according to Such reasonable Laws and Statutes 
as are now in Force or hereafter shall be made and Agreed upon by 
you with the advice and consent of our council and the Assembly of 
our Said Province and Plantation under your Government in Such 
manner & Form as is hereafter Expressed And our will & Pleasure is 
that you the said Jonathan Belcher (after the Publication of these our 
Letters Patents) do in the first Place take the oaths appointed To be 
taken by an act passed in the first year of the Reign of our Late 
Royal Father King George the first Entituled (an act for the Farther 
Security of his Majestys person & Government and the Succession of 
the crown in the heirs of the Late Princes .... Sophia being Pro- 
testants and for Extinguishing the Hopes of the Pretended Prince of 
Wales and his open and Secret Abettors) As also that you make and 
Subscribe the Declaration mentioned in an act of Parliament made in 


the twenty Fifth year of the Reign of King Charles the Second En- 
tituled (An Act for preventing Dangers which may happen from 
Popish Recusants) and Likewise That you take the usual Oath for 
the due Execution of the office & trust of our Governor and com- 
mander in chief in and over our Said Province of New Hampshire as 
well with regard to the due and impartial administration of Justice as 
otherwise And further that you Take the Oath required to be taken 
by Governors of Plantations to do their utmost that the several Laws 
Relating to trade and the plantations be observed which Said Oaths 
& Declaration our Council in our Said Province or any three of the 
Members thereof have hereby full Power and Authority and are 
required To tender and administer unto you and in your absence unto 
our Lieutenant Governor if there be any upon the place. All which 
being duely performed you shall administer unto Each of the members 
of our Said council as also to our Lieutenant Governor (if there be 
any upon the Place) the Oaths appointed by the Said act Entituled 
(An Act for the Farther Security of his Majestys Person and Gov- 
ernment and the Succession of the crown in the heirs of the Late 
Princess Sophia being Protestants and for Extinguishing The hopes 
of the Pretended Prince of Wales and his Open & Secret Abettors) 
as also to cause them to make & Subscribe the aforementioned declar- 
ation And to administer to them the Oath for the due Execution of 
their Places & trusts And wee do hereby give and grant unto you 
full Power & authority to Suspend any of the members of our Said 
council from Sitting Voting and Assisting therein if you Shall find 
Just Cause for So doing And if it shall at any time happen That by 
the Death Departure out of our Said Province Suspension of any of 
our Said Councellors or otherwise there shall be a Vacancy in our Said 
council (any three whereof wee do hereby appoint to be a Quorum) 
Our Will and Pleasure is that you Signify the same unto us by the 
first Opportunity That We may under our Signet & Sign Manual 
constitute & appoint others in their stead But that our affairs at that 
Distance May not Suffer for want of a due Number of Councellors if 
ever it shall happen that there be Less than Seven of them residing 
in our Said Province Wee do hereby give and grant unto you the said 
Jonathan Belcher full Power and Authority to choose as many Per- 
sons out of the Principal free holders Lihabitants thereof as will make 
up the full Number of our said Council to be Seven and no more, 
which Persons so chosen & appointed by you shall be to all intents & 
Purposes Councellors in our Said Province until Either they Shall be 
confirmed by us or that by the Nomination of others by us under our 
Sign Manual and Signet Our Said Council shall have Seven or more 
Persons in it And We do hereby give & grant unto you full Power 


land Authority with the Advice and Consent of our Said Council from 
Time to time and as need shall require to Summon and Call General 
Assemblies of the Said Freeholders and Planters within your Gov- 
ernm* in manner and Form according to y^ Usage of our Province of 
New Hampshire And our Will and Pleasure is that the Persons 
thereupon duely Elected by the Major Part of the Freeholders of the 
Respective Counties and Places and So return'd shall before their Sit- 
ting Take the Oaths appointed to be Taken by the said Act Entituled 
(An Act for The Farther Security of his Majestys Person and Gov- 
ernment and the Succession of the Crown in The heirs of the Late 
Princess Sophia being Protestants and for Extinguishing the hopes of 
the pretended Prince of Wales and his Open & Secret abettors) as 
also make and Subscribe the forementioned Declaration which Oaths 
& Declaration you shall Commissionate fit Persons under our Seal of 
New Hampshire to tender and administer unto them and until the 
Same be so taken and Subscribed no Person shall be Capable of Set- 
ting Though Elected. And We do hereby Declare that the Persons so 
Elected and qualified shall be called & Deemed the General Assembly 
of that our Said Province and Plantation and that you the said Jona- 
than Belcher with the Consent of our Said Council & Assembly or 
the Major part of them Respectively shall have full Power and Au- 
thority to make Constitute and ordain Laws Statutes and ordinances 
for the Publick Peace welfare and good Government of Our Said 
Province and of the People and inhabitants Thereof and Such others 
as Shall resort thereto and for the benefit of us our heirs and Succes- 
sors Which Said Laws Statutes and ordinances are not to be repug- 
nant but as near as may be Agreeable to the Laws and Statutes of This 
our Kingdom of Great Brittain Provided That all Such Statutes & 
ordinances of what nature and duration Soever be within three months 
or Sooner after the making Thereof transmitted unto us under our 
Publick Seal of New Hampshire for our Approbation or disallowance 
of the Same as also Duplicates thereof by the next Conveyance And 
in Case all or any of the Said laws Statutes and ordinances not before 
confirmed by us shall at any time be Disallowed and not approved and 
so Signified by us our heirs or Successors under our or their Sign 
Manual and Signet or by order of our or their Privy Council unto you 
the Said Jonathan Belcher or to the Commander in chief of our Said 
Province for the time being Then such and so many of the said Laws 
Statutes and ordinances as shall be so Disallowed & not approved 
shall from thenceforth Cease determine & become utterly void and of 
none Effect any thing to The Contrary thereof notwithstanding And 
To the End that nothing may be passed or Done by our said Council 
or Assembly to the Prejudice of us our heirs & Successors Wee will 


and ordain That you the said Jonath" Belcher shall have and Enjoy a 
Negative voice in the making and passing of all Laws Statutes and 
ordinances as aforesaid and you shall and may Likewise from time To 
time as you shall Judge it Necessary Adjourn Prorogue and disolve all 
General assemblys as aforesaid And our Farther will and Pleasure is 
that you shall and may keep and use The public Seal of our Province 
of new Hampshire for Sealing all things Whatsoever that Pass the 
Great Seal of our Said Province under your government And Wee Do 
farther give and Grant unto you the said Jonathan Belcher full Power 
and Authority from time to time and at any time hereafter by your 
self or by any other To be Authorized by you in That behalf to admin- 
ister and give the aforesaid Oaths appointed to be taken by the said 
act Entituled (An Act for the Security of his Majestys Person and 
Government and the Succession of the Crown in the heirs of the Late 
Princess Sophia being Protestants and for Extinguishing the Hopes 
of the Pretended Prince of Wales and his open & Secret Abettors) 
To all and every Such Person or persons as you shall Think Fit who 
shall at any time or times pass into our said Province or shall be resi- 
dent or abiding there And we do by these Presents give & Grant 
unto you the said Jonathan Belcher full power and Authority with the 
Advice and Consent of our Said Council to Erect Constitute and Es- 
tablish Such & So many Courts of Judicature and Public Justice 
within our said Province and Plantation as you and they shall think 
fit & necessary for the hearing and determining of all Causes as well 
criminal as Civil according To Law and Equity and for Awarding of 
Execution thereupon with all reasonable and necessary Powers author- 
ities Fees and Priviledges belonging thereunto and also to appoint 
and Commissionate fit Persons in the Several parts of your Govern- 
ment to administer the Oaths appointed To be Taken by the afores'^ 
act Entitled (An Act for The further Security of his Majestys Person 
and Government and the Succession of the Crown in the heirs of the 
Late Princess Sophia Being Protestants and for Extinguishing the 
hopes of the Pretended Prince of Wales and his Open & Secret Abet- 
tors) as also to tender and Administer the Aforesaid Declaration unto 
such Persons belonging To the said Courts as shall be obliged to take 
the Same And we do hereby Authorize & impower you to Constitute 
and Appoint Judges and in cases Requisite Commissioners of Oyer 
& Terminer Justices of the Peace and other Necessary officers and 
Ministers in our Said Province for the better Administration of Justice 
and putting the Laws in P^xecution And To Administer or Cause to 
be Administred unto Them such Oath or Oaths as are usually given 
for The Due P>xecution & Performance of Offices and places And for 
the clearing of truth in Judicial Causes And Wee do hereby give and 


Grant unto you full Power and Authority where you shall see Cause or 
shall Judge any offender or Offenders in Criminal matters or for any 
Fines or Forfeitures due unto us fit Objects of our Mercy To pardon 
all Such Offenders and to remit all such Fines and Forfeitures (Trea- 
son & wilful Murder only Excepted) In which Cases you shall Like- 
wise have power upon Extraordinary Occasions To Grant reprieves 
to the offenders until and to the intent our Royal Pleasure may be 
known therein And Wee Do by these Presents Authorize and 
impower you to collate any Person or persons to any Churches Chap- 
pels or other Ecclesiastical Benifices within our said Province as often 
as any of them shall happen to be void. And Wee Do hereby give 
and grant unto you the Said Jonathan Belcher by your self or by your 
Captains and Commanders by you to be Authorized full power and 
Authority to Levy arm Muster Command & Employ all persons what- 
soever residing within our Said Province and Plantation and as occa- 
sion Shall serve To March from one Place to another or to Embark 
them for the resisting and withstanding of all Enemies Pirates and 
Rebels both at Land and sea and to transport such Forces to any of 
our Plantations in America If Necessity shall require for the Defence 
of the Same Against the Invasion or attempts of any of our Enemies 
and Such Enemies Pirates and rebels (if there shall be occasion) to 
Pursue and Prosecute in or out of the Limits of our Said Province 
and Plantations or any of them and (if it shall Please God) them to 
vanquish apprehend and take and being taken According To Law to 
put to Death or keep & preserve alive at your Discretion and to Exe- 
cute Martial Law in time of invasion or other times when by Law it 
may be Executed And to do and Execute all and every other thing 
and Things which to our Governor & Commander in Chief doth or 
ought of right to belong And Wee Do hereby Give and grant unto 
you full power and Authority by and with the Advice and Consent of 
our Said Council of New Hampshire to Erect raise and build in our 
said Province and Plantations Such and so many Forts & Platforms 
Castles Citys Boroughs Towns and Fortifications as you by the advice 
afores'^ shall Judge necessary and the same or any of them to Fortifie 
and- Furnish with Ordinance ammunition and all sorts of arms Fit and 
necessary for the Security and Defence of our Said Province And by 
the Advice afores"^ the same Again or any of them to Demolish and 
dismantle as may be most Convenient And Forasmuch as Divers 
Mutinies and Disorders may happen by Persons Shipped and Em- 
ployed at sea during the Time of war and to the End that such Per- 
sons as shall be shipped and Employed at Sea During the time of 
War may be the better Governed and ordered Wee do hereby Give 
and Grant unto you the Said Jonath" Belcher our Governor and com- 


mander in chief Full Power and Authority to Constitute and appoint 
Captains Lieutenants Masters of ships and other Commanders 
and Ofhcers and to Grant to such Captains Lieutenants Masters 
of Ships and other Commanders and Officers Commissions 
To Execute the Law Martial according to the Directions of 
an Act Passed in the Thirteenth Year of the Reign of 
King Charles the Second Entituled An Act for the Establishing 
articles and Orders for the regulating & better Government of his 
Majestys Navys ships of war and Forces by Sea During the Time of 
War And to use such Proceedings Authorities Punishments Correc- 
tions Executions upon any Offender or offenders which shall be 
mutinous Seditious disorderly or any way unruly Either at sea during 
the time of their abode or Residence in any of the Ports Harbours or 
Bays of our said Province or Territories as the Cause shall be found 
to require According to Martial Law and the said Directions Dur- 
ing the time of war as aforesaid Provided That Nothing herein Con- 
tained shall be Construed To the Enabling you or any by your 
Authority To hold Plea or have Jurisdiction of any offence Cause 
Matter or thing committed or Done upon The High sea or within any 
of the Havens Rivers or Creeks of our Said Province or Territories 
under your Government by any Captain Commander Lieutenant Mas- 
ter Officer Seaman Soldier or other Person Whatsoever who shall be 
in actual service or Pay in or on Board any of our ships of war or 
other Vessels acting by immediate Commission or Warrant from our 
Commissioners for Executing the Office of our high Admiral or from 
our High Admiral of Great Brittain for the Time Being under the 
Seal of our Admiralty But That such Captain Commander Lieutenant 
Master officer seaman Soldier or any oth'' Person so offending shall be 
Left to be proceeded against And tried as the Merrits of their offences 
shall require Either by Commission under our great seal of Great 
Brittain as the Statute of the Twenty Eighth of King Henry the 
Eighth Directs or by Commission from our Said commissioners for 
Executing the office of our High Admiral or From our high Admiral 
of Great Brittain for the time Being according to the fore mentioned 
Act Entituled An Act for the Establishing Articles and orders 
for the regulating and better Government of his Majesties Navies and 
ships of war and Forces by Sea and not otherwise Provided also That 
all Disorders and misdemeanours cc^nmitted on shoar by any Captain 
Commander Lieutenant Master Officer Seaman Soldier or other Per- 
son Whatsoever belonging to any of our ships of War or other Vessels 
Acting by immediate Commission or Warrant from our said Commis- 
sioners for Executing the office of our High Admiral or from our 
Hisrh Admiral of Great Brittain for the Time Beiuir under the seal of 


our Admiralty may be tried and Punished a'cording To the Laws of 
the Place where any such Disorders Offences & Misdemeanours shall 
be so committed on shoar notwithstanding such offender be in our 
Actual Service and born in our Pay on Board such our ships of war 
or other Vessels Acting by immediate Commission or Warrant from 
our said Commissioners for Executing the Office of our high Admiral 
or from our High Admiral as aforesaid so as he shall not receive any 
Protection for the avoiding of Justice for such offences Committed 
on shoar from any Pretence of his Being imployed in our Service at 
sea And our Further will and Pleasure is That all Public Monies 
raised or to be raised within our said Province be issued out by warr' 
From you by and with the Advice and Consent of our Council and 
disposed of by you for the support of The Government and not oth- 
erwise And we do Hereby Likewise give and Grant unto you full 
Power and Authority by and with the Advice of our Said Council To 
agree with the inhabitants of our Said Province for such Lands Tene- 
ments and Hereditaments as now are or hereafter shall be in our Power 
to Dispose of And them to Grant to any Person or Persons for such 
Terms and under such Moderate Quit Rents services and Acknowledg- 
ments to be thereupon reserved unto us as you by and with the advice 
aforesaid shall think fit which said Grants are to pass and be Sealed 
by our Seal of New Hampsh'' and being Entred upon record by Such 
Officer or Officers as you shall appoint thereunto shall be Good and 
Effectual in Law against Us our heirs and Successors And Wee do 
hereby give you Full power to order & appoint Fairs Marts and Mar- 
kets within our said Province as you with the Advice of our said 
Council shall think fitt and to order and Appoint such and so many 
Ports Harbours Bays Havens and other Places for The Convenience 
& Security of shipping and for the Better Loading and Unloading of 
Goods and Merchandizes in such and so many Places as by you with 
the advice and consent of our said Council shall be Thought Fit and 
Convenient and in them or any of them To Erect nominate and ap- 
point Custom Houses Warehouses and offices relating thereunto and 
them to alter change Place or Displace from time To time as with the 
advice aforesaid shall be thought fit And farther our Will and Pleas- 
ure is that you shall not at any Time hereafter by Colour of any Power 
or Authority granted or mentioned to be Granted take upon you to 
give grant or Dispose of any office or Place within our said province 
which now is or hereafter shall be granted under the Great Seal of 
Great Brittain any Further than that you may upon the vacancy of 
any such office or Suspension of any officer by you put in any Person 
to officiate in the interval until the said place be Disposed of by us or 
our heirs or Successors under the Great seal of Great Brittain or That 


our Directions be otherwise Given Therein. And we Do hereby 
require and Command all officers and Ministers Civil and Military and 
all other Inhabitants of our said Province To be obedient Aiding 
and Assisting unto you the said Jonathan Belcher in the Execution 
of this our Commission and of the Powers and Authorities Herein 
contained and in Case of your Death or absence out of our said Prov- 
ince unto Such Person as shall be appointed by us to be our Lieuten- 
ant Governor or Commander in chief of our said Province To Whom 
Wee Do therefore by These Presents Give and Grant all and Singu- 
lar the Powers and Authorities aforesaid to be Executed and Enjoyed 
by him During our Pleasure or until your return to our said Province 
And if upon your death or absence out of our said Province of New 
Hampshire there be no Person upon the place Commissionated or 
appointed by us to be our Lieutenant Governor or Commander in 
Chief of our said Province Our Will and Pleasure is that The Eldest 
Councellor whose name is first Placed in our said Instructions to you 
and >A^ho shall be at the time of your Death or Absence residing within 
our said Province shall take upon him the Administration of the Gov- 
ernment and Execute our said Commission and Instructions and the 
Several Powers and Authorities therein Contained in the same man- 
ner and to all intents & Purposes as other our Governor and Com- 
mander in Chief should or ought to Do in Case of your absence until 
your return or in all Cases until our Farther Pleasure be known 
therein. In Witness whereof wee have Caused these our Letters To 
be Made Patents Witness our Self at Westminster the Eight and 
twentieth Day of January in the third Year of our Reign. 

By writ of Privy Seal 

Bisse and Bray. 
True Copy. 

Rich"^ Waldron Cler : Cou. 

[2-184] \TentJi Instruction to Governor Bclchcr.~\ 

10 — You are to Signify Our pleasure unto the Members of Our Said 
Council that if any of them Shall hereafter absent themselves from 
our Said Province and Continue absent above the Space of twelve 
months together without leave from you or from the Commander in 
Chief of the Said Province for the Time being, first obtained under 
your or his hand and seal ; or Shall remain absent for the space of 
two years successively w^'^out our leave given them under our royal 
Signature their place or places in Our Said Council Shall immediately 


thereupon become void, and that We will forthwith appoint others in 
their Stead — 

Copy of the lo*'' Instruction from His Majesty to His Excellency 
Gov"" Belcher Taken from the original body of Instructions 

f Rich^ Waldron Sec'^ 

[2-185] \^NinctccntJi Instruction.'] 

His Majtys 19''^ Instruction in respect to Paper money — 
It is therefore his Majtys Will & Pleasure That you do not give 
your assent to, or Pass any Act in the Province of New Hampshire 
under your Government whereby bills of Cred' maybe Struck, or 
Issued in Lieu of money, without a Clause be Inserted in Such Act 
declaring that the Same Shall not take Effect until the s^ Act Shall 
be approved & Confirmed by his Maj^>' his heirs or Successors Except 
only for the Annual Support & Service of the Goverment Exceeding 
Six Thousand pounds in Such Paper bills & you are to take Especial 
Care that no more than Six thousand pounds of Such Bills be ever 
Current at one & the Same Time 

— Copy — 

[2-186] 22^^ Instruction — 

Whereas Acts have been pass'd in some of Our Plantations in 
America for Striking bills of Credit and Issuing out the Same in 
Lieu of money in order to discharge their Publick Debts, and for 
other Purposes, from whence Several inconveniencys have arisen It 
is therefore Our Will and pleasure, that you do not give your Assent 
to or Pass any Act in our Province of New-Hampshire under your 
Government whereby Bills of Credit may be Struck or Issued in lieu 
of mony, without a Clause be inserted in Such Act declaring that 
the Same Shall not take Effect, until the Said Act shall be approved 
and Confirmed by us Our heirs or Successors, Except only for the 
annual Support and Service of Our Goverm' not Exceeding Six thou- 
sand pounds. In Such paper bills, and this Permission to continue 
onely until our further Pleasure Shall be known thereupon. And you 
are to take especial care that no more than Six thousand pounds of 
Such bills be ever Current at one and the Same time 

True Copy ^ Rich'^ Waldron Secretary 


[2-188] 23 Instruction — 

And whereas we are Informed that Several Bills of Credit, are 
already Issued and Standing out upon the foot of certain Acts here- 
tofore pass'd for that purpose, whereby particular funds are provided, 
for the calling in and Sinking them. You are hereby especially 
directed to take care, that the Said Bills be called in and Sunk 
according to the Periods and provisions of the respective Acts by 
which they were Issued 

True Copy of His Majestys twenty third Instruction to His Excel- 
lency Gov"^ Belcher Compared with the original 

f Rich^ Waldron Cler. Cou 

[2-190] His Majesties 24'*^ Instruction 

" You are allso to take care, that no private Act, whereby the 
property of private persons may be affected, be passed, in which there 
is not a Saveing, of the Right of His Majesty, his heirs & Succes- 
sors, all bodies Pollitic & Corporate, and of all other persons Except 
Such as are mentioned in the Said Act, and those claiming by from 
& under them. And further you shall take care that no Such private 
Act be passed without a Clause, Suspending the Execution thereof, 
until the Same shall have received His Majestys Royall approbation, 
it is likewise His Majestys Will and Pleasure, that you do not give 
your assent to any private Act, until prooff be made before you in 
Council (& entered in the Council books) that public Notification was 
made of the partys intention to apply for Such Act, in the Several 
parish Churches where the premises in question lie : for three Sun- 
days at least Successively, before any Such Act shall be brought into 
the assembly, and that a Certificate under your hand be transmitted 
with, & annexed to every Such private Act, Signifying that the Same 
has passed through all the forms abovementioned " 

Theodore Atkinson Secy 

The first Clause in His Majestys 14^'' Instructions — 
" You are to observe in the passing of all laws, that the Style of 
enacting the Same be by the Governor, Council, & assembly " 

Theodore Atkinson Secy 


[2-192] 2f^ Instruction 

And We do hereby particularly require and Enjoyn you upon pain 
of our highest displeasure to take care that fair books of accounts of 
all receipts and payments of all publick moneys be duely kept and the 
truth thereof attested upon oath ; and that the said books be trans- 
mitted every half year or oftener to our Commissioners of our Treasury 
or to Our high Treasurer for the time being, and to Our Commission""^ 
for Trade and plantations, and Duplicates thereof by the next Con- 
veyance in which books Shall be Specified every particular Sum rais'd 
or disposed of together with the names of the Persons to whom any 
payments Shall be made, to the end we may be satisfyed of the right 
& due application of the revenue of Our Said Province w''' the Proba- 
bility of the Increase or diminution of it under Every head or article 

True Copy 

Rich'^ Waldron Sec-'y 

[2-193] 29 Instruction 

And our further Will and Pleasure is, That in Every Act which 
Shall be transmitted, the Several dates or respective times when the 
Same pass'd the Assembly The Council and received your Assent, be 
particularly Express'd and you are to be as Explicit as may be in your 
observations (To be sent to Our Commissioners for trade and planta- 
tions) upon every Act that is to Say, whether the Same is Introduc- 
tive of a new law, declaratory of a former law, or does repeal a law 
then before in being — and you are likewise to Send to Our Said 
Commission""^ the reasons for the Passing of Such laws unless the 
same do fully appear in the Preamble of the Said Act 

True Copy 

Rich^ Waldron Secretary 

[2-194] " 30''^ Instruction 

You are to require the Secretary of Our Said Province or his 
Deputy for the time being to furnish you w''^ Transcripts of all Such 
Acts and Publick orders as Shall be made from time to time together 
with a Copy of y^ Journal of the Council, and that all such transcripts 
and Copys be fairly abstracted in the Margins to the end the same 
may be transmitted to us and to Our Commissioners for trade and 


plantations as above directed which he is duely to perform upon pain 
of Incurring the forfeiture of his place 
True Copy 

Rich'^ Waldron Secretary 

[2 — 195] 31 Instrnction 

And you are also to require from the Clerk of the Assembly or 
other proper officer Transcripts of all Journals and other Proceedings 
of the Said Assembly fairly abstracted in the Margin's To The end 
the Same may in like Manner be transmitted as aforesaid — 
True Copy 

Examin'd '^ Rich'^ Waldron Secretary 


G R 36 Instruction To His Exccll'^'^ Gov^ Belcher 

Loc Sig And whereas We are willing in the best manner to provide 
for the Support of y^ Goverm* of our Said Province by Set- 
ting apart a sufficient allowance to Such as Shall be Our Governor L* 
Gov"" Comand"" In Chief or President of our Councill, residing for 
y^ time being within the Same, Our Will and pleasure therefore is 
that when It shall happen that you Shall be absent from Our Said 
Provinces of the Mass^ Bay and New-Hamp'' of which We have 
appointed you Governor, Our full moiety of the Salary and of all per- 
quisites and Emoluments whatsoever, which would otherwise become 
due unto you Shall during the time of your absence from our said 
Province be paid and Satisfyed unto Such Governor L' Gov"" Com- 
mand'' in Chief or President of Our Council who Shall be resident 
upon the place for y^ time being which We do hereby order. and allot 
unto them towards his maintenance and for the better Support of the 
dignity of that Our Goverment Provided nevertheless, and It is our 
intent and meaning that whenever you Shall think it necessary for 
our Service to go into Our Colony of Rhode-Island to view and reg- 
ulate y^ Militia whereof We have appointed you our Cap" Gen' & 
Comand"" In Chief or whenever we Shall think fit to require you by 
our Especial order to repair to any other of our Goverm*^ on y^ Conti- 
nent of America for our particular Service that then and in Such 
Case you Shall receive yo'' full Salary perquisites & Emolum'* as if 
you were then Actually residing w''4n our Province of y*^ Mass-"* Bay & 



N-Hamp'' or Either of them, any thing in these our Instructions 
to y*^ Contrary in any wise notwithstanding 
True Copy 

R Waldron Sec^y 

[2-198] \Forty-sccoiid Iustynction.~\ 

42. And to prevent arbitrary removals of Judges & Justices of the 
peace you shall not express Any limitation of time in the Commis- 
sions which you are to grant with the advice & Consent of our Said 
Council to fit persons for those imployments Nor shall you execute 
yourself or by Deputy any of y'^ said offices nor suffer any ^son to 
execute more offices than one by Deputy 

[2-199] 44 Instruction — 

You are to Transmit unto Us and To Our Commissioners for Trade 
and Plantations, with all Convenient Speed a particular Account of 
all Establishm'^ of Jurisdictions Courts offices and officers Powers 
authoritys fees and Privileges granted or Settled within Our said 
Province together with a List of all the Officers employ'd therein, 
and an Account of all publick Charges relating to the said Courts, to 
the end you may receive Our further directions therein, and you are 
likewise to Transmit Exact and Authentic Copys of all proceedings 
in Such Causes where Appeals Shall be lodg'd before us in Our 
Council — 

True Copy 

Examin'd 3 Rich'^ Waldron Sec^y 

[2-200] 5 1 Instruction — 


Loc And our Will and Pleasure is that appeals be permitted to 

Sig be made in Cases of Errors from the Courts in our said 

Province of New-Hampshire, unto you and the Council there, 

and in your absence from our Said Province to Our Commander in 

Chief for the time being, and our Said Council in civil causes, wherein 

such of our said Council as shall be at that time Judges of the Court 


from whence Such appeal shall be made to you our Governour and 
Council or to the Commander in Chief for the time being & Council as 
aforesaid, Shall not be admitted to Vote upon the Said Appeal ; But 
they may nevertheless be Present at the hearing thereof, to give the 
reasons of the Judgment given by them in the Cause wherein Such 
Appeal Shall be made. — Provided nevertheless that in all Such ap- 
peals the Sum or Value appeal'd for exceed fifty pounds Sterling, 
and that security be first duely given by the Appellant to answer 
such Charges as shall be awarded in Case y^ first Sentence be af^rm'd 

True Copy from the original Body of Instructions To His Excel- 
lency Gov"" Belcher Examin'd May 17 1732 

m R Waldron Sec^' 

[2-201] 52 histmction 

And if either part shall not rest satisfyed with the Judgment of 
you or the Commander in Chief for the time being and Council as 
aforesaid ; Our Will and Pleasure is that they may then Appeal unto 
us in Our Privy Council ; Provided the sum or value so appealed for 
unto Us do exceed Two hundred pounds sterling ; and that such Ap- 
peal be made within fourteen days — after sentence ; and that good 
security be given by the Appellant that he will effectually prosecute 
the same and answer the condemnation As also pay such costs and 
damages as shall be awarded by us in case the sentence of You or the 
Commander in Chief for the time being and Council be affirmed and it 
is our further will and Pleasure that in all cases where by Your In.struc- 
tions you are to admit of appeals to Us in our Privy Council Execu- 
tion be suspended until the final Determination of such appeals unless 
good and sufficient security be given by the Appellee to make ample 
restitution of all that the appellant shall have lost by means of such 
Judgment or Decree in Case upon the Determination of such Appeal 
such Judgment or Decree shall be reversed and restitution awarded 
to the Appellant 

[2-203] [Fifty -sixth Instruction?^ 

George R 
Locus 56. And whereas the Surveyors General of our Customs in 

Sigilli the Plantations are impowered in Case of the Vacan>' of any 

of our Officers of the Customs, by Death Removal, Or oth- 
erwise to appoint other Persons to Execute Such offices, Untill They 


Receive Further Directions from our Commissioners of our Treasury 
Or Our High Treasurer, or Commissioners of our Customs for the 
Time Being, but in Regard the Districts of the S'' Surveyors General 
are very Extensive, and that they are Requir'd att proper Times To 
visit the officers in the Several Governm^^ under their Inspection, and 
that it may Happen, that Some of our Officers of the Customs in 
the Province of New Hampshire, may Dye att the Time the Surveyor 
General is Absent in Some Distant Part of his District, So that he 
Cannot Receive Advice of Such Officers Death, within a Reasonable 
Time, and thereby make Provision for Carrying on the Service by 
Appointing Some other person in the Room of Such officer who may 
Happen to Die, Therefore that there may be no Delay Given on Such 
Occasion, To the Merchants in their Dispatches or Masters of Ships, 
It is Our Further will and Pleasure, in Case of Such Absence of y^ 
Survey"" General, or if he should happen to Die, and in Such Cases 
only That upon the Death of any of our Collectors of Customs within 
that Province, You Shall make Choice of a Person of Known Loyalty, 
Experience, Dilligence, and Pldelity, to be Employd in Such Collec- 
tors Room For the Purposes Afors"^ Untill The Surveyor General of 
our Customs Shall be Advised thereof, and Appoint Another to Suc- 
ceed in Their Places, Or that Further Directions shall be given 
therein. By Our Commissioners of Our Treasury Or by Our High 
Treasurer, or by the Commissioners Of Our Customs For the Time 
Being which shall be first Signify'd, Taking Care that you Do not 
under Pretence of this Instruction, Interfere with the Powers and 
Authorities given by the Commissioners of our Customs to The Said 
Surveyor General, when he is able to Put The Same in Execution — 

A True Copy taken from the body of the Kings instructions to 
Jona Belcher Esq"" Governour of New Hampshire — 

July 12: 173 1 — J Belcher 

[2-204] 73 Instruction 

You shall take an Inventory of all Such Arms ammunition and 
Stores as are remaining in any of our Magazines or Garrisons in our 
Said Province of New Hampshire, and transmit the Same to Us, and 
To Our Comissioners for trade and Plantations, with all Convenient 
Speed and the like Inventory afterwards half yearly, and also a Du- 
plicate thereof to Our Master General or Principal officers of our 
Ordinance which Accounts are to Express the Particulars of Ordi- 
nance Carriages balls powder and all other Sorts of Arms and am- 
munition in our Public Stores at your Said arrival and so, from time 


to time, of what Shall be sent to you or bought with the public mony, 
and to Specify the time of disposal and the occasion thereof 
True Copy 

Examin'd 1^ Rich"^ Waldron Secretary 


[3-1] \Proclaviation conceniing the King's Woods, 1730.] 
[Copied from the Original.] 

By His Excellency Jonathan Belcher Escf Captain General & Gov- 
ernour in Chief in and over His Maj'ties Province of New Hamp- 
shire in New England — 

A Proclamation to prevent the Destruction or Spoil of His Majesties 

Woods. — 

Forasm.uch as the Preservation of His Majesties Woods within this 
and the neighbouring Provinces is highly necessary for furnishing the 
Royal Navy, and divers Acts of Parliament have been accordingly 
from time to time made & pass'd for that end ; notwithstanding which 
and the care of this Governm^ to prevent & punish the Destruction 
and spoil of His Majesties Woods, many evil minded Persons have 
broke thro' the restraints of the Law in that behalf ; and have for 
their own private gain made great wast of such trees as might be fit 
for His Majesties service But Inasmuch as it may be presumed that 
some Persons have Trespassed on His Majesties Woods thro Ignor- 
ance, and not being duly apprized of the Laws in that case made & 
provided ; and more especially of two Acts of Parliament, the one 
made in the eighth year of the Reign of His late Majesty King 
George the first ; and the other in the second year of His present 
Majesty's reign ; In the first of which entitled an act giving further 
encouragem* for the Importation of Naval Stores, and for other pur- 
poses therein mentioned It is Enacted " That from and after the 
Twenty first day of September one thousand seven hundred & twenty 
two, no Person or Persons within the Colonys or plantations of 
Nova Scotia, New Hampshire, the Massachusetts Bay & Province of 
Mayne, Rhode Island, & Providence Plantations, the Narraganset 
Countrey, or Kings province, and Connecticut in New England & New 
York & New Jersey in America, or within any of them do or shall 
presume to cut, fell or destroy any white pine trees, not growing 
within any Township or the bounds, lines, or limits thereof in any of 
the s'' Colonies or plantations without His Majesties Royal Lycense 


for SO doing, first had & obtained ; on pain that every Person so cut- 
ting felHng and destroying such pine Trees, or who shall be aiding and 
assisting therein, or in drawing away such pine trees after the same 
shall have bin cut, felled or destroyed, shall for every such offence 
forfeit and pay the severall and respective sums following that is to 
say. For every white pine Tree of the growth of twelve inches Diam- 
eter, & under, at three feet from the Earth, the sum of five pounds, 
for every such tree from twelve inches, to eighteen inches diameter 
the sum of Ten pounds, for every such tree from eighteen inches to 
four and twenty inches diameter the sum of twenty pounds, and for 
every such tree from four & twenty inches diameter & upwards the 
sum of fifty pounds ; which several penalties & forfeitures shall & 
may be sued for within six months after the offence committed by 
plaint or Information upon the oath of one, or more credible Witness 
or Witnesses before the Judge of the Admiralty or his Deputy, 
within the Colony or plantation where such pine tree shall be cut, 
felled or destroyed, one moyety of such penalties & forfeitures to be 
to His Majesty, his heirs & successors; the other moyety to the 
Informer, who shall sue for the same ; and in case any Dispute shall 
arise whether such tree, when cut, felled or destroyed was growing 
within any Township, or the bounds, lines or limits thereof as afore- 
said the proof shall lye upon the owner ; and on Conviction of such 
offender for such offence as aforesaid if he shall refuse or neglect 
to pay the penalty & forfeiture thereby Incurred by the space of 
twenty days after such conviction ; That then such Judge or his 
Deputy s.hall & may by Warrant under his hand & seal, cause the 
same to be levied by distress and sale of the Goods of the offender, ren- 
dering the overpluss (if any be) to the owner ; and when no sufficient 
distress can be found such Judge or Deputy shall commit the offend- 
ers to Prison within the Colony or Plantation where such offence 
shall be committed, there to remain without Bail or Mainprize during 
such time as such Judge or Deputy shall appoint, not exceeding" 
twelve months, nor less than three months ; or until such offender 
shall pay the penalty or sum of money so recovered and after such 
payment made shall likewise find sufficient security for his good be- 
haviour during 'the space of three years, to be accounted from the 
time of such Conviction ; and it is hereby Declared, That all white 
pine trees Masts or Loggs made from such trees, which from and 
after the s'^ one & twentyeth day of September one thousand seven 
hundred and twenty two, shall be found cut or felled without such 
Lycense as afores^ in any of His Majesties sd Colonies or plantations 
shall be forfeited and seized for the use of His Majesty, His Heirs 
and Successors, any former Law, usage or custom to the Contrary 
notwithstandins: " — 


And in the other act of Parliament, which was pass'd in the second 
year of His present Majesties Reign Entitled an act for the better 
preservation of His Majesties Woods in America, and for the En- 
couragement of the Importation of Naval Stores from thence & to 
Encourage the Importation of Masts Yards & Bowsprits from that 
part of Great Britain called Scotland, among other things are con- 
tained the following paragraphs viz — 

"Whereas by an act pass'd in the eighth year of His late Majesties 
Reign Entitled an act, giving further Encouragement for the Impor- 
tation of Naval Stores, and for other purposes therein mentioned It 
is Enacted, That no Person or Persons whatsoever, within any of His 
Majesties Colonies [Then follows a repetition of a portion of the 

And whereas since the passing the said act, great Tracts of Land, 
where trees fit for masting grow, have been, in order to evade the 
provisions of the s^ act erected into Townships ; now for the better 
preservation of white pine trees in his Majesties s*^ Colonies for 
masting His Royal Navy 

Be it Enacted by the Kings Most Excellent Majesty, by and with 
the advice & consent of the Lords Spiritual & Temporal & Commons, 
in this present Parliament assembled & by the authority of the same ; 
That from & after the twenty ninth day of September next, no 
Person or persons within the sd Colonies of [Same as the foregoing] 
or within any of them, or in any other Province or Country in Amer- 
ica, that now belongs, or hereafter shall belong to the Crown of Great 
Britain, do or shall presume to cut, fell or destroy any white pine 
trees, except only such as are the property of private persons ; not- 
withstanding the sd trees do grow within the limits of any Township 
laid out, or to be laid out hereafter in any of the said Colonies or 
plantations — without His Majesties Royal Lycense for so doing first 
had and obtained, — And whereas their late Majestys King William 
& Queen Mary for the better providing & furnishing Masts for the 
Royal Navy, in and by their Charter dated at Westminster the seventh 
day of October in the third year of their Reign Granted to the Prov- 
ince of the Massachusetts Bay in New England in America, Did 
reserve to themselves their heirs & successors all Trees of the Diam- 
eter of twenty four inches & upwards at twelve inches from the 
ground growing upon any soil or Tract of Land within the sd Prov- 
ince or Territory, not then before granted to any private Person : In 
order therefore to make the sd Reservation more effectual Be it fur- 
ther luiacted by the Authority aforesd That no Person or Persons 
whatsoever within the sd Province of the Massachusetts Bay or New 
England do or shall presume to cut or destroy any white pine trees of 
the Diameter of twenty four inches, or upwards at twelve inches from 


the ground, not growing within some soil or Tract of Land within 
the sd Province granted to some private person or Persons before the 
seventh day of October which was in the year 1690 without His Maj- 
esties Lycense first had and obtained ; And every Person so cutting 
felUng or destroying such white pine trees, not being the property of 
private Persons in any of the Colonies abovemcntioned, and likewise 
every Person cutting or destroying any white pine trees of the Diam- 
eter of twenty four inches & upward at twelve inches from the Ground, 
growing on any Tract of Land in the Province of New England or 
Massachusetts Bay not granted to some private person or persons 
before the seventh day of October 1690 ; or who shall be aiding or 
assisting therein, or in drawing away the sd pine trees after the same 
shall have bin so cut or felled, shall be subject to such and like for- 
feitures, & penalties respectively, as are provided in the aforcsd act 
•of the eighth year of His late Majesties Reign for & against such 
Persons as fell cut or destroy any pine trees, not being or growing in 
any Townships within any of the sd plantations ; the sd forfeitures 
to be Recovered and applied in the same manner, as in the sd act is 
particularly set forth and Enacted" — 

I have thought fit by the advice of His Majesties Council of the 
said Province, to Publish the paragraphs of the Acts of Parliament 
above recited which Concern His Majesties Subjects in this Province 
hereby requiring them strictly to conform themselves to the sd Acts 
of Parliament, and to observe the several restrictions and Injunctions 
contained therein ; and forbidding all Persons whatsoever, upon pain 
of incurring the penalties therein provided, to cut fell destroy or carry 
away any trees whatsoever that are in the afore recited Statutes, or 
otherwise by Law reserved for His Majesties use — And all Justices 
of the Peace, Sheriffs, Constables, and other officers are hereby Com- 
manded, as they tender their duty to His Majesty to see to the due 
Execution of the sd Laws according to the Duty of their respective 
offices as also to be aiding and assisting to the Surveyor General of 
His Majesties Woods, or to His Deputy or Deputies in the said office 
for the seizing and securing all such trees as shall be cut contrary to 
Law, and for the apprehending and prosecuting such persons, as shall 
presume to Transgress the said Acts of Parliament, and all other 
acts referring to the preservation of His Majesties Woods. 
Dated this thirtieth day of October 1730 In the fourth year of the 
Reign of our Sovereign Lord George the Second by the Grace of 
God of Great Britain France & Ireland King Defender of the 
Faith &c. J- Belcher — 

By His Excellencys Command with the advice of the Council. 

Rich'^ Waldron Cler. Cou. 
God Save the King — 


[3-2] {Memorial from Deacons of Boston C/iurches, 1730.] 

To his Excellency Jonathan Belcher Esq"" Captain General and Gov- 
ernor in Cheif in and over His Majestys Province of New Hamp- 
shire in New England — The Hon^^^ His Majestys Council and the 
Hon'^'^ House of Representatives of the said Province In General 
Court assembled Novemb"" 19: — 1730 — 

The Memorial of the Deacons of the severall Churches within the 
Town of Boston in the Massachusetts Province — 

In most humble wise Sheweth — That your Memorialists have for 
some time past received in their respective Church Boxes the free 
contribution of the People a number of torn and broken Bills of 
Credit on the province of New Hampshire and no Person being here 
appointed by your Excellency and Honours for the exchanging 
thereof so that the respective Churches in Boston labour under great 
inconvenience for want of the improvement of the said Bills And as 
the want of a person for the exchange of such torn and useless Bills dos 
discourage and in some measure impead the support of the Gospell 
among us And has a tendency to lessen the credit of the said Bills 
on the said Province of New Hampshire — 

And your memorialists therefore most humbly pray your Excellency 
and Honours would be pleased to take the premises into your serious 
consideration and pursue such measures for our Relief therein as in 
your great wisdom and Justice you shall see meet. — And your 
memo'^ as in Duty bound shall ever pray &c — 

Jon'' Williams ) Deacons on behalf & at the Desire of all other the 
Dan^ Henchman \ Deacons of the respective Churches in Boston — 

[In General Assembly, November 26, 1730, " Read and laid aside." 
— Ed.] 

[3-3] {Petition from Military Officers, 1730.] 

To his Excellency Jonathan Belcher Esq"' Governour and Com- 
mander in Cheif in and over his Majesties Province of New Hamp"" 
to the Honourable the Councill and Representatives in gen' Assem- 
bly convened — The Petition of sundry the Military officers in the 
Province of New Hamp"" Humbly Sheweth — That by one Act of this 
his Majesties Province of New Hamp"" entitled an act for the Regu- 
feting of the Militia the Preamble of which runs in the following 


words, vizt. Whereas for the Honour and service of his Majesty and 
for the service of this his Province against any violence or Invasion 
whatever, it is necessary that due care be taken that the Inhabitants 
thereof be armed trained and in a sutable posture and readiness for 
the ends afores^ : and that every person may know his duty and be 
obliged to perform the same — It is hereby enacted, That all male 
persons from sixteen years of age to sixty shall bear arms and duly 
attend all military exercises and musters of the Troops and Compa- 
nies where they are listed and belong — and by the afores^ Act there is 
a Penalty of Five Shillings and no more laid upon such as are delin- 
quents of their duty according to that Law, which sum is by experi- 
ence found not to be sufficient to answer the end, since the value of 
money is so very much depreciated and the good design of the Law 
is frustrated which evil, your Petitioners apprehend might be remedied 
•by increasing of the fine upon delinquents. 

Your Petitioners therefore humbly pray that your Excellency and 
the Honourable assembly will please to pass an Act for the increas- 
ing of the fine upon such Delinquents, to such a sum as in your 
wisdome you shall think fit — and your Petitioners shall ever pray as 
in duty bound &c. 

21, November, 1730. 

Co' Peter Weare Maj'' Jos : Sherburn 

Cap' Step" Greenleaf Cap' Nath' Mendum 

Cap' Joseph Tilton Cap' Jona^" Marston 

Cap' Benj. Pearkins Cap' Sam' Banfell 

Jona Sanborn 

[3-4] [David Dunbar to a Deputy Surveyor, 1730.] 

Fredericks fort Nov'' 25''' 1730 
S'' Upon y^ Recommendation of Gov"" Wentworth I last year gave 
you a deputation to take care of y'^ woodes Since which M"" Waldo 
has complained of me in Enland for giving so great a liberty to y^ 
country people for Logging. That y'^ undertakers for y® mast Con- 
tracts had much Difficulty in getting trees fitt for y^ Kings service. 
Whereupon I have reed an order to recall y^ Liberty I then gave & 
not to suffer any trees to be cut for the future but such as grow 
upon Antient private property. I have upon receipt of y' order 
published y® advertizment which I send you hear inclosed and which 
I suppose you had before from M"" Slade from Piscatua what makes 


me send these again is y* I hear that you and M"" Parker have lately 
Licensed people to cut trees as last year which is not now in my 
power to do and your License will not save em upon Tryall. There- 
fore I desire you will give em Notice of y'' mistake and recall y'' 
License And I do hereby order and direct you and M"" Parker whom 
I deputed att North Yarmouth to seize and mark all loggs and boards 
at any mills without any exception & keep an ace* thereof y* y^ own- 
ers of such mills may prove such to have been cutt upon private 
proprietys which was so before 7'^ October 1690 — 

If M"" Slade is in y"" Neighborhood pray give him this and keep a 
coppy of it and give another to M"" Parker and desire him to examine 
at M"" Wyers Mill at North Yarmouth if y^ 20 Loggs remains there 
which wear seized by my Brother and condemned at a court of Ad- 
miralty at Boston in Summer last I intend in a fortnight or 3 weeks 
to call at Casco and at y*^ Mills & see you and M"" Parker can do his 
Majesty any service I shall continue y"" Deputations and reward you 
for it — 

I am S"^ your most Humble Ser* 

David Dunbar 

A true coppy of Coll. Dunbars Letter to one of his Surveyors '^ 
Tho^ Jouxson 

[See Vol. IV., p. 599, etc. — Ed.] 


^Governor Belcher s Orders to Examine and Report the Condition of 
t lie Fort, 1730. From the Original. \ 

Jonathan Belcher Esq"" Governor and Commander In Chief In and 
over His Majestys Prov. of New Hamp'^ In New England, To John 
Wentworth Esq"" Lieu' Gov'' of the said Province and Rich'^ Wibird 
Esq"" John Frost Esq'' and Theo'"'' Atkinson Esq"^ — You are hereby 
required with all convenient dispatch to repair to William and Mary 
Fort at New Castle, and to examine into the state and Circumstances 
of the said Garrison, & report to me what additions and repairs are 
necessary for the Honor and Service of His Majesty, and the benefit 
and advantage of the Province. You are alike required to make a 
particular inquiry into the stores of the said Garrison and report to 
me what guns powder and all other stores of war are now belonging 
& appertaining to the said Fort ; and let me have your rei:)ort within 
thirty days from the date hereof without fail — Given under my hand 


at Portsmouth, the second day of December, in the fourth year of 
His Majestys Reign Annoq. Domini 1730 — 

J. Belcher 
[The committee reported as follows. — Ed.] 


An Account of the Stores of Fort William and Mary, taken by 
order of His Excellency Jon=» Belcher Esq'' Governour and Commander 
in Chief of His Majesty's Province of New Hampshire, this 17''' Day 
of December 1730 — Viz. 

26 Small Arms i New Flag 

1 Broad Pendent i Old Drum i Rim 
20 Demi-Canon 8 Sakers 12 Field Pieces 

2 Minion i Whole Bbl powd"" i Half Ditto 

1 Half Ditto almost full 2 Ream & 8 quire of Brown paper 
16 Quire of Cartridge Ditto 24 Crab Hand-Spikes 

2 Ditto Broken 43 Leaden Aprons 

8 Large Iron Crows 22 Coper Ladles 1 1 Worms 

230 4'^ Shot 28 Rammers and Spunges 
'j6'>y Demi-Canon Shot 266 Culverin Ditto 

I Loggerhead 3 Chests containing 18 Boxes of Patridge Shot 
13 Boxes and Some loose Shot 970"^ of Iron 
40'b Match 84'*^ Sheet Lead 22^1^ Leather 
I Butch Barrel Some old broken Lanthorns 
I Large Pitch pot i Boat and Anchor i Pick Axe 

43 Cartridge Boxes 3 Priming Horns Some priming Wire — 

N : Castle December 17*^ 1730 — 
Received of the Committee the above written Stores for which I 
am accountable. 

W me Sha^: Walton 


\Anthony Reynolds Appointed Collector of C?istoins at Piscataqna, 1 73 1 .] 

To all People to zvJionie These presents shall Come. We 

Seal the Commissioners for managing and Causing to be levyed 

and Collected His Majestys Custom subsidies and other 

Dutys in that Part of Great Britain called England send 

Greeting ; Knozv Yee That we the said Commissioners have by 

virtue of an act of Parliament made in the twenty fifth year of the 


reign of King Charles the second Entituled an act for the Encour- 
agement of the Eastland and Greenland Trades, and for better secur- 
ing the Plantation Trade ; and in Pursuance of the authority aud 
directions to us given by the Right Hon'^^'' The Lords Commissioners 
of His Majesty s Treasury Deputed and impowered ; and do hereby 
Depute and impower Anthony Reynolds Esq to be Collector and 
Surveyor of all the rates and Dutys & impositions arising and Grow- 
ing due to His Majesty at Piscataqua in N. Hamp"" and the Depend- 
encies thereon In America by virtue of the said act whereby he hath 
power to enter into any ship bottom boat or other vessel ; as also into 
any Shop House Warehouse Hostery [?] or other place whatsoever 
to make diligent search into any Trunk Chest Pack Case Truss or 
any other parcel or package whatsoever for any goods wares or Mer- 
chandize prohibited to be imported or exported or whereof the Cus- 
toms or other Dutys have not been duly paid, and the same to seize 
to his Majesty s use, and also to put in Execution all other the lawfull 
powers and authoritys for the better managing or collecting the said 
Dutys in all things Proceeding as the law directs, Jicreby Praying and 
requiring all and every His Majestys officers and Ministers and all 
others whom it may concern to be aiding and assisting to him in all 
things as becometh. Given under our hands & seal at the Custome 
House London y'^ si"*' day of March in y^ 4*'* year of the reign of our 
Sovereign Lord King George 2^ Annoq Domini 1731 — 

B. Fairfax J. Evelyn 

Charles Peers John Hill 

Registered in y*' Secretarys Nov'' 15 : 1731. 

f R. Waldron Sec*^ 

These may Certify whom it may Concern, that on the fifteenth day 
of the present month Anthony Reynolds Esq at Portsm" within His 
Maj'>' Province of N. Hamp"" was sworn into y^ office of His Maj'>'* 
Collector of & for the s'^ Province and y'^ dependencys thereon, as 
witness my hand y^ nineteenth day of Nov'' 1731 in y^ fifth year of 
His Maj*' reign Rich^ Waldron Sec''^' 

Copy of Certificate sent y*' Gov"" y^ day of y'' date 

[3-9] [Petition from the Quakers, 173 1.] 

Dover the 26''* of y® 2'' mo : 1731 — 
To Jonathan Belcher Esq"' Govener and Commander in Chief (under 
God) in and over y'^ provinces of y'' Massachusetts Bay and New- 



hampshair hi Newengland and to y'' Counccl and house of Repre- 
sentatives in Newhampshair afores^ — 

Whereas we y^ people Comonly Called Quakers did in y'^ 2^ mo- 
1729 offer a petition to y^ Govener humbley Requesting that we 
might not be imposed upon when we are Chosen Counstables to 
gather the taxes or assesments that are from time to time assesed 
upon the inhabitants for y^ support of y^ prisbetrain minestry and did 
not mention the Councel and house of Representatives in s*^ petition 
for which Reason y'^ Gen^ Court would not act thereon — We do 
therefore humbly Crave that you would be pleased to consider of this 
matter for altho we are exempted in y'^ Law from paying any part or 
proportion of such taxes or assesments yet nevertheless we are Re- 
quired when we are Chosen Counstables to Leve and Collect y^ same 
of others which is contrary to our principles to pay such taxes neither 
can we gather y® same of others : whereupon we have been and are 
Likely to be under great sufferings notwithstanding we Refuse not 
neither do we desire to be excused from serving Counstables in any 
other part of the office whatsever — we desire that you would be 
pleased to pass an act by which we may be Released from being Com- 
peled or Required to do that which is Contrary to our principles 
Relating to y^ matter above mentioned which is the humble Request 
of your friends Comonly Called Quakers 

Signed on behalf and by order of y'^ Society aforementioned — 

Peter Varney John Canne 

In Counc^ May 3^^ 1731 — The above Petition read and Voted, That 
in any Town w^'Hn this Province where a Quaker shall be chosen a 
Constable another Person (not of that Denomination) shall be chosen 
a Collector of the Ministers Salary and that the Petitioners have 
leave to bring in a bill accordingly 

Sent down for Concurrence — Rich'' Waldron Secretary 

In the house of Representatives May y^ 4''' 1731 P. M. the above 
vote Read and Concurred with this amendment — Viz^ that another 
^son be chose Constable instead of Collector 

James Jeffrey Cler. Ass"' 

In Coun' May 5*^ 173 1- Read and Concurred with the amendm' — 

Rich'' Waldron Secretary 

May 5'*^ 1731 I assent to the votes on the other side 

J. Belcher 

[The act is printed in Vol. IV., p. 597. — Ed.] 



[3-1 1] {^Expenses of Committee on Boundary Line, 1731.] 
Province of New Hamp"" to the Comittee that went to Newbury on 

the affair of the Lines 
To Sundry Expences pd at ColHngs . 
To Sundry Expences pd at Greenlieffs & ferriage 
To Sundry Expences ])d at Graves's 
To Cash p"^ at ColHng on return 
To horse hire p'^ M'' Benj^ Rust for a Servant . 
To Cash pd By Henry Sherburn Esq at Collings's 
To Coll Shurburne four Days at 10/ 
To Rich'' Waldron Esq Do 
To Benj" Gambling Do 

To Nathi Wear Esq Do 

To Theod"" Atkinson Esq Do 
To 2 Horses for 2 Servants 


— 16. 6 



Errors Excepted 
May 13*^ 1 73 1. 

;^2i. 5. 10 

Theodore Atkinson 

in behalf of s"^ Committee 


[Commission from Governor Belcher to Richard Wibird, dated July 
12, 1 73 1, to be collector of customs at Portsmouth until further 
orders. — Ed.] 

[3~^3] [Richard Wibird' s Commission, August, 1731.] 

Prov : of 1 By his Excellency Jonathan Belcher Esq"" Governor 
N. Hamp : j and Commander in Chief in & over his Majestys Prov- 
ince of New Hampshire aforesaid — 

To Rich^ Wibird Esq"" Greeting — Pursuant to y^ power & authority 
in and by his Majestys Royal instructions to me granted that in case 
of y*^ death or absence of y^ Surveyor Generall of his Majestys Cus- 
toms within this District, & the death of any Collector of y'' said 
Customs within this Province I should make choice of any person of 
known loyalty experience diligence & fidelity to be employed in the 
room of such deceased Collector untill y*-' Surveyor Generall of his 
Majestys Customs shall be advised thereof and appoint another to 
succeed in his place or that further directions shall be given therein 
by y^ Right Plonorable the Commissioners of his Majestys Treasury 



or high Treasurer or by the honorable the Commissioners of his 
Majestys Customs for the time being. 

I do hereby nominate constitute & appoint you y^ said Rich<i Wi- 
bird to be Collector & Searcher within the Province of New Hamp- 
shire afore said the late Province of Main (now County of York) and 
Port of Newbery & any of y^ Creeks and Havens thereto belonging 
& by virtue of these presents you are to collect all the rates dutys & 
impositions arising & growing due to his Majesty within this dcstrict 
aforesaid untill further order & you have hereby power to enter into 
any ships bottom boat or other vessel as allso into any shop house 
warehouse hostery or other place whatsoever, to make diligent search 
into any chest pack case truss or any other parcell or package what- 
soever for aney goods wares or Merchandize prohibited to be imported 
or exported or whereof y^_ Customs or other dutys have not been duly 
paid & y^ same to seize for his Majestys use allso to put in execution 
all other lawfull powers and authoritys for y'^ better managing or Col- 
lecting y^ said dutys & I do hereby authorize & empower you y^ said 
Rich"^ Wibird to be y" receiver of Greenwich Hospitall money direct- 
ing that you demand and receive according to y^ act of ParHament in 
that case made and provided and that you account for and pay y'^ same 
pursuant to y^ said act & further I do hereby authorize & impower 
you to make a Deputy or Deputys as occation may require the person 
or persons whom you shall appoint Deputy being a man or men of 
loyalty experience diligence & fidelity & for whom you shall be an- 
swerable and whosoever you shall so depute shall have full power to 
exercise all ye powers & authoritys contained in this Commission to 
you. And you are to proceed in all things as y*^ law directs and all 
his Majestys officers & all others whome it may concerne are hereby 
required to be aiding & assisting to you in all things as becometh — 
Given under my hand and seal y^ fourth day of August Anno Domini 
1 73 1 Annoq : R'" R'* Georgis Secundi quinto. 

J. Belcher 


[Richard Wibird's bond in five hundred pounds sterling, for the 
faithful performance of his duty in the office of collector. Signed by 
Jotham Odiorne as surety, and witnessed by Eleazer Russell and R. 
Wibird, Jr. — Ed.] 


[Copy of commission to Ellis Huske to be naval officer for the same 
territory as is embraced in the foregoing commission to Mr. Wibird. 
Dated August 4, 1731. — Ed.] 


[3-15] \_Lettcr from Secretary Waldron to Secretary Willard.\ 

Sir — I am Commanded by His Excellency w**^ the advice of the 
Board to send you the inclosed Copy of a Vote of our General As- 
sembly Pass'd this day — It is desired that the same may be imme- 
diately on the receipt of it laid before His Hon'' the L^ Gov"" and 
Council of your Province, and that we may know by tuesday noon or 
night (by an Express) whether the Mass^ Committee will meet ours 
at y^ time and place in the vote mentioned. 

I am Sir your most obed' humble Serv* 

Rich^ Waldron 

M"" Sec'y Willard Portsm° f"' 24 : 1731. 

[See Vol. IV., pp. 608-615. — Ed.] 


\Manuscript Document Endorsed " TJie Governor s Comijig into y^ 
Province — printed Sept. 14: 1731."] 

Province of New Hampshire Sep* 14: 1731. 

This day came hither His Excellency Our Governor whose arrival 
amongst us had been for some weeks very much wished for : His 
entrance was attended with all possible demonstrations of joy & sat- 
isfaction being met on the Borders, & ushered into the Province by 
seventy horse besides the blew troops (& exclusive of the Gentlemen, 
who waited on him, from his other Goverment) which was a handsome 
appearance for so poor & little a Province, the like whereof has hardly 
ever been seen here w* loudly speaks the affection of the People, and 
the heartiness of his Plxcellency's welcome to this Goverm' 

The evening preceeding his Excellencys arrival His Hon"" O"" L* 
Gov"' departed y*^ prov., his motion was sudden, he imbark'd on board 
a fishing schooner. Turned out of y^ river, & is generally supposed to 
be gone to Pemaquid — 

[A feud existed between Governor Belcher and Lieutenant-Governor 
Dunbar, which may account for the departure of the latter from the 
Province on the eve of the arrival of the Governor. See Vol. IV., p. 
599. _ Ed.] 


[3-19] [I\ings Instructions to Governor Belcher, 1732.] 

In Additional Instruction to our Trusty and wclbelovcd 

Log : Sig Jonathan Belcher Esq Our Governour and Commander in 

Chief in and over Our Province of New Hampshire in 
George R New England in America or to the Commander in Chief 

of Our Said Province for the time being, — Given at Our 
Court at S^ James's the 5*'' day of May 1732 in the fifth year of Our 
Reign • — 

Whereas Complaint hath been made unto Us, by the Merchants of 
Our City of London, in behalf of themselves, and of Several others 
of our Good subjects of Great Britain trading to our Plantations in 
America, that greater dutys and impositions are laid on their Ships 
and goods than on the Ships and goods of Persons who are Natives 
and inhabitants of the Said Plantations It is therefore Our Will and 
Pleasure That you do not upon any pretence whatsoever on pain of 
Our highest displeasure give your assent For the future, to any law 
wherein the Natives or inhabitants of the Province of New Hamp- 
shire under your Government, are put on a more advantageous footing 
than those of this Kingdom It is further Our Will and Pleasure 
that you do pay due Obedience to the Instructions already given you, 
whereby you are expressly forbid to pass any Law by which the Trade 
or Navigation of this Kingdom may be any ways affected, hereby 
declaring it to be our Royal Intention that no duties shall be laid in 
the Province of New Hampshire under your Government, upon Brit- 
ish Shipping or upon the product or manufactures of Great Britain 
upon any pretence whatsoever 

True Copy ^ R Waldron Sec"^" 

[3-20] [Benjaviin Gambling s Mandamus, 1732.] 

P -p Trusty and wellbeloved we greet you well. Whereas 

it has been humbly Represented unto us by our Com- 
missioners for Trade and Plantations, that there were four vacancies 
in our Councel of our Province of New Hampshire in America, occa- 
sioned by the death of John Wentworth, Mark Hunkins Archibald 
MacPhedris and Samuel Penhallow Esq" and at the same time pro- 
posed that our Trusty and wellbeloved Benjamin Gamblin Esq might 
be appointed to supply one of the said vacancies, he haveing been 
recommended to them as a Person every way qualified for that trust 


which Representation being laid before us in Council we have thought 
fit to approve thereof ; Our will and Pleasure therefore is, that forth- 
with upon Receipt hereof you swear and admit him the said Benjamin 
Gamblin (of whose Loyalty, Integrity and ability we are well satisfyed) 
to be one of our Council of our said province of New Hampshire in 
the room and place of any one of the four persons above named, and 
for so doing this shall be your warrant and so we bid you farewell ■^— 
Given at our Court at S* James's the Fourth day of Aprill 1732 in 
the fifth year of our reign — 

By His Majesty's Command — 

Holies New Castle 

July 31 1732 Benj^ Gambling Esq"" Sworn & admitted a Councill'' 
and this Copy taken from the original mandamus 

[3-21] [Proceedings in CoiDicil, May, 1732.] 

Portsm" in New Hampshire May ult. 1732. 

This day His Maj'>'^ Council being convened Pursuant to His Ex- 
cell'^^ ord"" to y'^ president at the House of B. Gambling Esq' in this 
Town (who is not capable of going to the Council House by reason 
of bodily Indisposition) His Majestys Royal Mandamus under his 
Majestys signet & sign manual bearing date at S' James's y^ 4 day of 
April last To His Excellency the Gov'' for admitting Rich'^ Waldron 
Esq & the said Benj^ Gambling Esq to be of His Maj'^^ Council 
within the s^ Province was opened & read in the s'^ Council where- 
upon the said Waldron & Gambling being readmitted and confirmed 
members thereof pursuant to a form"" Instrum' Took y^ proper oaths 
& resumed their places. 

Those Gentlemen were of y^ Board before at y* time by y*= imme- 
diate appointm^ of His Excellency (Pursuant to a former Instruction) 
to make up the number of Councellors seven. 

[The foregoing is in Secretary Waldron' s hand. Only a small por- 
tion of the Council records from 1722 to 1742 were found by the 
editor of Vol. IV., consequently all authentic scraps containing min- 
utes of Council proceedings between those dates, that are now being 
found, will be printed in this volume. — Ed.] 



[3-22] [Theodore Atkinson s Account of Pozvder Money.'] 

An Acco' of Powder money reced By Theodore Atkinson according 
to an act of the Generall Assembly In May 1727 — 

1727 — To Cash p'^ M"" Bens Wentworth for Powder 
Treasurer Jaffrey for do. 
Sam' Stevens for one bb' Powder 
Leiu' Gov"" Wentworth . 
Joseph Jackson 
Gillbert Macphedris Twice 
Will"^ Wentworth . 
To 230'*^ powder del'^ the Gunner by Coll ) 
Sherburne being for Cap^ Burrows \ 

To do 
To do 
To do 
To do 
To do 
To do 

To Cash p^ Coll Walton 

To Comissions @ 5 ^ c^ on £,2']%. 19. — 


40. 10. — 



17. 10 — 

14. — — 


34. 10.— 

10. 16. — 

13- 18. Ill 

;^307. 04. \\\ 

By John Parsons . ;!^io 

By John Ober . . 4- 9- 

By John Rigs . . 6. o. 
By Nich'' Groves . 5. 9. 

By Mich' Bowdin . 7 

By Joseph Breed . 7. 4. 

By George Giddings 5. 8. 

By George Tuck . 7 

By Israel Ober . 6. 

By Sam' Stevens . 10 
By Rob' Stone . 7. 10. 

By Cap' Rowell . 6 

By Ebenez"' Soams . 6 

By Sam' Mitchell . 5 

By Peter Adams . 2. 10. 

By Cap' Trott . . 4. 10. 

By Ebenez'' Soames 6 

By Cap' Reid . . 15 
By 230"" powder of Cap' Borrows 

Rest Due to Ballance . 

By W"' Tuck . 
By John Breed 
By Zac^ Stone . 
By John Stevens 
By Hugh Woodbury 
By Solomon Davis 
By John Wharff 
By Ralph Ellenwood 
By John Gage . 
By Dependence Ellery 
By Abner Young 
By W"' Whipple 
By Cap' Richard Cutt 
By Cap' Reid . 
By Will"' Rix . 
By W'" ffrost . 
By Cap' Reid . 
By Cap' Wakefield 
dl'' by Col. Sherburn 

4. 19. — 

5- 5- — 

6. 18. — 

5. II. — 
4. 10. — 

7. 10. — • 

7- 13- — 


7. 10. — 

7- 13- — 

10. 10. — 

12. — — 

4. — — 

7. 10. — 

3. 10. — 

4. 10. — 
7. 10. — 

34. 10. — 


19. — 


;^307- 4- 
May 17"^ 1732 Sworn to in the house of Representatives 

James Jeffry ClC Ass 



In the house of Representatives this account Read and accepted 
May 17^^ 1732 

James Jeffry Cle'' Ass'" 

Eodem die Errors Excepted 

^ Theod'" Atkinson 


[Benning Wentworth's mandamus to be a member of the CounciL 
From Queen CaroHne. " Given at the Court at Kensington the fifth 
day of September 1732 in the sixth year of His Majestys reign — 
By Her Majestys Command Holies New Castle." 

Wentworth was sworn and admitted October 12, 1734. — Ed.] 


[The same relative to Theodore Atkinson, dates included. — Ed.] 

[3-27] [CoviDiittce Appointed on Boundary Lines, 1733.] 

Whereas the late assembly made choice of Cap' John Rindge as 
their agent at the Court of Great Britain giving him as full Power as 
in them lay to represent them & in their behalf to make remonstrance 
to his Maj. in Council & solicit for a speedy settlement of the Bound- 
ary Lines between this & the neighbouring Province & in as much 
as there is at present no Comittee appointed to transmitt him such 
occurrences as may be necessary to forward that affair therefore voted 
That the Honble Andrew Wiggin Esq Speaker of this house M"" 
Benning Wentworth & Theod'' Atkinson Esq Cap' George Walker M*" 
Sam' Palmer Col. Peter Wear Esq & Paul Wentworth Esq be a Co- 
mittee of this house to transmitt to the s^ agent such occurrences 
evidences & arguments as shall be expedient for the forwarding the 
settlement of the Lines above mentioned either now or in the recess 
of the assembly — 

In the House of representatives March 7''' 1732-3 the above vote 
read & voted nemine contradicente 

Geo Walton CI' protem>' 



\_Govci'nors Order to the Committee for the ^15,000 Loan, 1733.] 

Gentlemen — The time being expired for the Payment of the 
fifteen thousand pounds loan, and not half of the sum being yet paid 
to the General Assembly to be burnt, tho it was provided in the act 
past the fifteenth of May 1729, That the then outstanding debt 
should be paid, one third at or before the twenty fifth of July 1729, 
another third at or before the twenty fifth of April 1730, and the last 
third at or before the twenty fifth of April 1731, and that they who did 
not make the first of those payments, should have no benefit of the 
said act but that extents should goe against the lands of such delin- 
quents, yet so it is. That many Persons made default in complying 
with the said first Payment notwithstanding which no extents have 
been made upon the mortgaged lands of such delinquents, according 
to the said law ; and since the time limited in the said act expired, 
near two years more has passed away, and the mony is not yet paid 
in by one half. It is therefore my express order and direction by and 
with y® unanimous advice of y^ Council that you do forthwith, laying 
aside all excuse, and without any further delay, render me an exact 
accompt of the state of that loan, from your last account, and that 
you strictly persue the rules and directions of the Law in making sale 
of the mortgaged lands, so that the outstanding bills of that loan, 
may be with all possible dispatch consumed to ashes, according to the 
tenor of the Law, His majesty haveing been pleased to Command 
me to see the same effectually done, even according to the Periods 
and Provisions of the s"^ acts 

Dated y® 13 day of March 1732-3 and in the sixth year of his 
Majestys reign — 

[Copy, no signature,] 

By His Excellency's Command w**^ advice of y'^ Council 

R. Waldron 

To the Gen^ Committee for managing y*^ fifteen thous^ pounds loan 
in New Hamp-" [See Vol, IV,, p. 66^.] 


[Governor's warrant to Ichabod Roby, of Hampton, to enlist a 
company of cavalry in Hampton and Rye, for Col. Henry Sher- 
burne's regiment, 1733. — Ed.] 



[Mandamus to admit Joseph Sherburne as a member of the Council 
in place of Richard Wibird, deceased, dated August 20, 1733. He 
was sworn into office January i, 1733-34. — Ed.] 


[Mandamus to admit EUis Huske as a member of the Council, 
dated August 21, 1733. Sworn January i, 1733-34. — Ed.] 

[3-30] [R. Wa/droa to N. Gihnaii, concerning Intcnipera7icc.~\ 

Dear Sir I thank you for your favor by the carrier & in particular 
for y*^ good opinion & kind wishes therein expressed touching myself, 
but more especially for your zeal & testimony ag^' a raging immorality 
— As a multiplicity of tippling houses are some means, as you say, I 
fear of promoting vice, so undoubtedly a restraining the number 
would in some measure check its growth, & yet so much is rum become 
the Sumum Bonum of many that I apprehend the scarcity distance 
or dearness, or any other difficulty attending the acquisition of it 
would rather enhance its estimation than wean the wicked topers from 
their Idol, while it is upon y^ face of y® Earth. It will be had by some 
mauger y^ means of man Grace or miracle & naught else in my opinion 
can effect your wish, however as I have y*^ pleasure of thinking with 
you that y° fewer the retailers the better my small interest & influence 
will be heartily improved to discountenance the growing evil as far as 
retrenching y*^ number of licentious taps will contribute to it I have 
been of opinion & publickly declared it near 2 years ago y' our licensed 
houses were too many by (at least) one half — I wish you all possible 
happyness & with proper respects to your self spouse & family 
I am yo"" affect, friend & most humble SeiV 

R. W. 7'^'- 3 1733 

[Endorsed] Copy to M' Nich° Oilman Aug"' 3 1733 — 



\_Instriictions to Governor Belcher, concerning the Sni\'cyor-Gcneral of 

Customs, 1733.] 

George R. Additional Instruction to Our Trusty and well be- 
loved Jonathan Belcher Esq"" : Our Governor & Com- 
Loc. Sig. mander in Chief in & over Our province of New 
Hampshire In New England In America, or to the 
Commander In Chief of our said Province for the time beins:. — 

Given at our Court at S' James's the thirtyeth day of November 
1733 In the seventh year of Our Reign. 

Whereas, We have thought it for Our Royal Service that all the 
Surveyors General of Our Customs in America for the time being 
should be admitted to sit & vote in the respective Councils of the 
several Islands & Provinces within their Districts as Councillors Ex- 
traordinary, during the time of their Residence there, now we do 
hereby constitute & appoint John Peagrum Esq"" Surveyor General of 
our Customs in the Northern District of our Dominions in America, 
and the Surveyor General of our Customs within the said District 
for the time being to be Councillors Extraordinary in our said Prov- 
ince of New Hamp'' & it is our will & pleasure that he & they be for 
the future admitted to sit & vote in our said Council, as Councillors 
Extraordinary, during the time of his or their Residence there ; It 
teing our royal Intention, if through length of time the said John 
Peagrum, or any other Surveyor General, should become the Senior 
Councillor In our said Province, that neither he nor they shall, by 
virtue of such Seniority be ever capable to take upon him or them 
the administration of y^ Government there upon the Death or absence 
of any of our Governours & Commanders in Chief, or Lieutenant 
Governors ; but when ever such Death or absence shall happen the 
Government shall devolve upon the Councillor next in Seniority to 
the Surveyor General, unless we should hereafter think it for our 
royal service to nominate the said John Peagrum, or any other of our 
said Surveyors General, Councillors in Ordinary in any of our Gov- 
ernments within their Survey, who shall not in that case be excluded 
any Benefit, which attends the seniority of their rank in the Council 
— It is likewise our Will & Pleasure, & you are hereby required, by 
the first opportunity, to move the assembly of our said Province under 
your Government, that they provide for the Expence of making Copies 
for the said John Peagrum & the Surveyor General of our Customs 
in our said Province for the time being, of all acts and Papers, which 
bear any relation to the duty of his office & in the mean time, you 


are to Give orders that the said John Peagrum, or the Surveyor Gen- 
eral for the time being as aforesaid, be allowed a free Inspection in 
the publick offices within your Government, of all such acts and 
papers without paying any Fee or Reward for the same. 

G. R. 
Copy Rich"^ Waldron Sec''>' 

First entered in y^ Secretarys office 17 Ocf 1735, & burnt,* and 
entered again June 22, 1737. 

R. Waldron Sec-T 

Mr Surveyor Peagrum sworn into the Council June 25, 1737. 

[Endorsed] Mand^ for Surveyor of the Customs to be a Councill' 
9^'- 30: 1733: 


[Commission to David Dunbar to be " Captain of His Majesty's 
Castle William and Mary upon New Castle." Not executed. Dated 
1733. — Ed.] 

[The following papers relating to some trouble the surveyor of the 
king's woods had, in an attempt to confiscate for his majesty's use 
some boards at Copyhold mill, now in the town of Brentwood, show 
the sentiments of the people of those days relative to the act of the 
British parliament, forbidding the cutting by any person of pine trees 
"fit for masting our Royal Navy"; and the fact that they had the 
courage of their convictions. It may be seen that even at that early 
day the people of Exeter did not hesitate to rebel against crown offi- 
cers who were attempting to enforce obnoxious decrees. In this case 
Dunbar labored under great disadvantage, as Governor Belcher was 
his bitter enemy, and enjoyed nothing better than to see him hu- 
miliated. The depositions following should probably be taken with 
some allowance, although the men were undoubtedly roughly handled, 
and convinced that they were not engaged in a popular undertaking, 
or one in which they cared to continue. — Ed.] 


The following depositions were taken at Exeter April 24^^ 1734. 
Before Nich^ Gilman John Gilman Bar*'^ Thing John Penhallow Esq""* 
Jus' of y'^ peace — 

•When Secretary Waldron's house was burned, May, 1736. 



James Pitman on oath S'^ (being; sent up by His Hon'' Col: Dunbar 
to Exeter with several others on His Majtys Service) at the House of 
Sam' Oilman in said Exeter as he was with some of His Company going 
to bed about thirty men broke into the Room, & put out their candles ; 
& Immediately fell upon him, Benj^ Dockum, Benj^ Pitman, & Robert 
Gallaway & did then & there Beat us & Dragged us about, & at length 
got us to the Head of the chamber stairs & pulled us down, one over 
another headlong 'till they got us to the Door & pulled us out 
then with a clubb did knock him down upon the Ground giving him 
several blows with w'='' was in great danger of his life having rec"^ 
several wounds, & lost a great deal of blood, he endeavoured to git 
away as well as he could, & James Dudley followed him to the House 
formerly Stephen Dudleys & told him he would be the death of him, 
afterwards he was guarded by Cap' Oilman to the House of one Mar- 
shall where he lodged — 

James Pitman [Benjamin] on oath said, That being in the House 
as aforesaid, with Benj^ Dockum & Robert Oallaway in the kitchen, 
about 9 of y^ Clock in the evening three men Bolted into the Room 
& took said Oallaway by the hair of the head, & were dragging him 
to the door, with that he stept in to his assistance & called said Dock- 
um, & Dockum went off to call M"" Justice Oilman, who came in & 
commanded the peace, & ordered the People home, & bid us go to 
bed, & we went up in order to go to bed & then about 30 men broke 
in upon us & pulled us down stairs headlong & beat us, & struck us 
a great many blows, & struck him with clubbs, & being in danger of 
being murthered, he ran to the House of one Marshall a Hatter & 
burst the door open, & more than a doz" men followed him, & swore 
they would murther him, & being so terrified he was hid by the 
woman under the coverlid, & the men came into the House & made 
search for him, & set a Guard round the House in order to find him — 

Henry Marsliall made oath that he & his wife were in bed when 
said Pitman came to his House for safety & soon followed a great 
number of men to our great surprize & demanded Pitman but he de- 
nyed that he was there, they then threatened him, but their voices 
seemed disguised, & they continued round the House some hours to 
our great terrour. 

[The following men also testified in the matter : 

Robert Gallazvay "made oath to what Benj^ Pitman swore to." 
JosepJi Cross stated that he was knocked down with a club, other- 
wise abused, and his life threatened ; that he got away and hid behind 
a fence until morning. 


Walter Alston, that he was struck by one William Graves, and 
others, in the street. 

William Stiggins and Williain Tarrat, that hearing the cry of mur- 
der they got out of the house and mixed with the crowd, escaping 
thus from injury. 

Negro Peter, that he was forewarned and kept out of the way. 

Benjamin Docktmi corroborated the testimony of James and Ben- 
jamin Pitman, and stated that he hid under a wharf until the tide 
came up, and then under a pile of boards until daylight. — Ed.] 

Joseph Miller swore to the truth of what Dockum did, of what hap- 
pened in the chamber & till he was pulled out of the House, & after 
that they took him by the arms & legs, & dragged him to the bank 
where was a pile of boards over which they threw him, & down the 
bank about fifteen foot, by which he rec'^ a great hurt in his back, 
where he lay 'till next morning being afraid to be seen again least he 
should be murther'd, but being hard of hearing could not understand 
their discourse afterwards. — 

Copy John Penhallow Jus : pee 

[3~37] \Peter Greeley s Deposition.'\ 

April y^ 25'^ ^734/ O^i y^ 22"^ of this instant April as I was a riding 
in compiney with Simon Gilman of Exeter he asked me some Questions 
about Buring of Boards to wich I answered him I knew nothing of it 
he then tould me he would tell me somthing if I woold not tell of it 
agan he then began and sade that the Peppele of Exeter had hired 
three Neatock [Natick] Indines to kill Colonell Dunbar Mr Adtkeson 
[Theodore Atkinson] and my self as we were going up to y^ Black 
Rock mill the Indins had gote thair money for thear work all Ready 
and ware suplid with a Quart of Rum each of them every Day by them 
that Hiered them and that theare was two men Gon up to freetown 
[now Raymond] that night wheare y^ Indons wated for thear orders 
and that y^ two men had cared up a Gallon of Rum with them to give 
sd Indins that they should not fale of thare work — he allso aded 
that y*^ Indins as sune as they have dun thay are to go Right away to 
Neatock where they wold not be discovered 

Peter Greley 

Province of ) Portsm" April 26''' i734,Then the above named Peter 
New Hamp'' ) Greely made oath to the Truth of the foregoing- 

Cor : John Penhallow Jus : p* 



[Greeley was one of Dunbar's assistants, and the probability is that 
Oilman's tale was a successful attempt to frighten him away from 
Blackrock mill. — Ed.] 

[3-38] Sj^roclaviation relative to a Riot at Exeter, 1734.] 

By His Excellency Jonathan Belcher Esq. Governour and Com- 
mander in Chief in and over His Majesty's Province of New Hamp- 
shire. — 


Whereas The Surveyor General of His Majesty's Woods on the 
Twenty sixth of the last Moneth represented at the Council Board, 
that he had been insulted by a number of armed men to him unknown, 
■ at Copy Hold Mill in Exeter, and that afterwards he had hired ten 
men to go to the said Mill to pile & mark with the broad arrow a 
Parcel of Boards that were cut out of forfeited logs, and that the said 
hired men had been beaten & abused by a great Company of men 
armed with Clubs & Staves to the number of about Thirty, and that 
the Boat employed in that Service was cut to pieces and some of the 
Sails Spoiled, & others Stolen ; And Whereas the said Surveyor Gen- 
eral hath suggested That there is a conspiracy against his Life by 
some wicked & evil minded Persons, who have hired diverse Indians 
to destroy him, of which Design he has received a Written Testi- 
mony. — 

I have therefore thought fit with advice of His Majesty's Council 
to issue this Proclamation, hereby requiring all Majesty's Judges, 
Justices of the Peace, Sheriffs and Constables in their respective 
offices, and all other His Majesty's good Subjects to make diligent 
search and Inquiry after and use their best endeavours for the dis- 
covery of the Persons or any of them who were concerned in the 
Insults or assaults abovementioned, or in destroying the said Boat, or 
Spoiling or Stealing the Sails belonging thereto, or in any Conspiracy 
or design against the Life of the said Surveyor General, as also to 
discover the said Indians, who are said to be hired to execute such 
villanous purposes ; and I do hereby strictly charge the Grand Jury 
of the said Province diligently to inquire into the Premises, that so 
the offenders may be brought to condign Punishment ; and I do hereby 
also declare. That whosoever shall detect the offenders above men- 
tioned or any of them, shall receive all proper marks of the Counten- 
ance & Favour of this Government, and if any of the offenders shall 
deliver themselves up to Justice, they shall be pardoned Provided 
they discover their accomplices — 


And I do hereby further require all His Majestys officers Civil & 
Military, and all other His good subjects within this Government to 
be aiding & assisting from time to time as need shall require to the 
Hon'-''*^ David Dunbar Esq Surveyor General of His Majesty's Woods, 
and his deputies and assistants in the Execution of their office, and 
that they strictly observe all acts of Parliament for the Preservation 
of His Majesty's Woods, and that they endeavour by all proper means 
that the Violators of the said acts be brought to Justice, and more 
especially that Prosecution be made against all Persons, who shall 
presume to cut into Boards, or any other ways manufacture such Trees 
or Logs as are by Law forfeited and condemned to His Majesty's use. 
Given at the Council Chamber in Portsmouth this sixth Day of May 

1734 Annoq. R' R'^ Georgii Secundi Magnae Britanniae &c Sep- 

timo. — 

J. Belcher 

By Command of His Excellency with advice of the Council. 

Rich^i Waldron Sec"^' 
God Save the King. — 

[^Proceedings in Conncil concerning the Riot.'\ 

Prov : New Hamp"" — At a Council held at the House of M"" Gam- 
bling in Portsm° on Monday May 6, 1734 

Present, Mr President Walton 
Jotham Odiorne ^ TEph^ Dennet 

Henry Sherburne 1 p rs J Josh"* Peirce 
Rich"^ Waldron f | J^^ * Sherburne 

Benj"^ Gambling ) (^ Ellis Huske 

Mr Presid' laid before the Board an order from His Excellency the 
Gov"" to him of the "2^ of the present month directing him to convene 
the Council, to have their advice upon a proclamation relating to a 
late notorious riot at Exeter which order being read the proclamation 
which was sent with the said order was laid before the Board and read 
also, to which the Council did advise & consent unanimously, and 
order that the same be forthwith made publick in the usual manner — 

[Endorsed] Minute of Council ab' riot May 6''' 1734. 


[Governor Belcher's warrant concerning the king's woods, dated 
September 9, 1734. — Ed.] 



[Appointment of John Grey to be collector of customs at "the 
port of Piscataqua, Province of Main alias County of York in the 
absense of Anthony Reynolds Esq'' gone to England for the settle- 
ment of his private affairs." The commission was signed by "Jn° 
Peagrum," and dated Portsmouth, October 8, 1734. — Ed.] 


[Copy of the Governor's warrant to George Jaffrey and Joshua 
Peirce, directing them to assist the surveyor-general in seizing any 
logs or boards which had been cut from trees that were unlawfully 
felled, dated October 24, 1734. — Ed.] 


[Govcj'nor Belcficr s Letter to Dunbar concertiing the JVarmnt.] 

Sir, — I had sent you the Warrant I told you of before now, but 
that I waited for an attested copy of what past in Council, the Day I 
came from Portsmouth, and I now inclose the Minutes & War** as they 
have some Relation to one another : — The Exeter Justices doubting 
their Power of pursuing my Warr' : of 9 : Sepf : in the manner you 
propos'd to them in your Letter of 27 : of same month — I laid the affair 
before His Majesty's Council, upon which there arose a long & Solemn 
Debate, and upon the vote the Council fell into the same opinion with 
them, tho' four Gentlemen were on the other side of the Question, 
two of which only are in Commission of the Peace, So I have directed 
a new War* to those Justices (with others) and now inclose it to you ; 
of whom I expect from their Duty to the King (as well as from the 
great interest you have in them) That they will execute the War' in 
all lawful Ways they can ; when I propos'd to you the issuing of a 
fresh Proclamation in favour of the Royal Woods you said you tho't 
that, or even an Act of Parliament, would be of little service — If 
you can think of any Thing else proper for the Gov"" : to do, I shall 
on all occasions chearfully join all the Power & Authority I have for 
promoting His Majesty's Interest & Honour, and am Sir, your Hon- 
our's humble Serv^ant J- B. 

Boston Ocf: 31: 1734 — 

A True Copy J. Belcher 

L" Gov : Dunbar 


[3~45] \^Docnnie}it Endorsed.^^ 

Copy of Exeter forged letter to S"" Charles Wager — 

Honorable S"^ — Finding that you have ordered the Judge & Advo- 
cate of your Court of Admi^y in N : England to come down into this 
Prov : to inquire into the riot and assault y* was some time since 
committed in this Town upon your Surveyor D-nb-r and his officers 
in y^ execution of their office. — And we have just cause to fear that 
we and our relations and friends will be mightily accused to your 
Honour : — Therefore we have enclosed these to a relation in London 
& have desired him to wait upon your Honour with it to acquaint 
your Hon"" with the plain truth of the matter, and we hope from 
which your Hon"" : will believe us innocent, We must confess to your 
Hon"" that we and most of our friends and relations are concernd in 
Saw Mills, and in former surveyors times we were indulged by them 
& their officers in cutting all sort of Mast Trees that lay the most 
convenient for us, and to be sure we have made great distruction of 
the finest white Pine Trees, but as soon as D-nb-r came amongst us 
he and his officers attempted to restrain us by seizing our logs & 
prosecuting us in the Court of Admiralty : But at the same time 
our Chief Gov"" M"" Belcher privately gave us all possible encouragem' 
to go on telling us that we had the most right to those Woods and 
that we ought not to be restrained & those Laws made to restrain us 
were wicked and iniquitous Laws and charged us not to regard them 
or mind that Irish Dog of a Surv"" or his Deputys for altho' He must 
make a shew of assisting y^ Surv"" as He was commanded yet he 
would manage it so with a majority of his Majestys Council of this 
Prov : & all y® Justices of the Peace (who durst do nothing but what 
He directed) that we should not suffer & further to encourage us to 
cutt & destroy His Majestys Mast Trees & to insult y*^ Surv"' D-nb-r 
he made several of us Justices of the Peace, Officers of y"^ Malisha 
&c. And that petition we some time since sent home complaining 
of your Surv"" He had drawn up for us at Boston & sent down to us 
to sign, which we durst not but do and a great many other things he 
hath done to encourage us to insult & abuse y*^ Surv'' & his Deputys 
& He still continues to encourage us & now tells us not to regard or 
fear any thing from the inquiry that is now making for he says he shall 
write to your Hon"" about it, and boasts that he hath such an influence 
over your Honour y^ you will believe every thing He writes you, — 
But we have write your Hon"" the plain honest truth & we here also 
promise for our selves & our friends & our relations y' we will for the 
future be directed by your Surv""^ what trees to cutt so we hope your 
hon*^ : will believe we have been mislead & will not suffer your offi- 


cers of your Court of Admiralty to pull us to pieces & ruin us & our 
Familys as Gov'' Belcher hath been y" principal cause of our actin^^ 
as we have done. — And we also hope & beg y' it may be a secret 
that we have wrote to you on this affair so long as Gov'' Belcher 
remains Gov*" over this Prov : of N : Hamp'' for were he to know 
it he is of such an implacable temper y' he would not stick at 
any thing to ruin us and we most heartily pray God he may not 
long continue over this Prov : of N : Hamp' for if this Prov : should 
continue under him much longer it must be absolutely ruin'd & all 
His Majestys Woods destroy 'd And whatever may have been told 
you to the contrary we can assure you that there is no part of His 
Majestys Dominions in North America y' hath any Mast Trees in any 
degree like what grows in this His Majestys own Prov : of N : Hamp'' 
& more particularly upon this River of Piscataqua either for quality 
or bigness for severall of us have travelled thro' all the Wood Lands 
as far as thro' N : Scotia & there is nothing like the Woods of this 
Province : & no body knows or understands y^ woods better than we 
do that have been bred in them : And if your Hon'' should have any 
Doubt of y® truth of what we here write you there is severall Gent" 
both of this Prov : and of the Prov : of y*" Mass'' Bay now in London 
y^ knows all those things very well, particularly M'' Sam" Waldo who 
is M"" Gulstons Agent for procuring Masts for the Royal Navy & M"" 
Wentworth of this Prov : — and we have onely to pray your Honour 
to pardon this freedom we have taken of writing to your Honour 
concerning those things whereof we are accused. — And we are in 
behalf of our selves & a great number of our misled friends & rela- 
tions — Your Honours 

Most Obedient humble Serv'^ 

J. Gilman Jos : Lord 

Geo : Gerrish Peter Thing 

Jn° Hall 
Township of Exeter in the Prov : of N : Hamp'' the 5'^ of May 1739 * 

For the Hon^'^ Sir Charles Wager at the Admiralty Office London 
Copyed y® 6'^ & f^ of October 1739 — 

[The foregoing was plainly the work of Dunbar, who used all the 
means in his power to supersede Governor Belcher ; and the Gover- 
nor used his best endeavors to secure the removal of Dunbar. — Ed.] 

* [Evidently should be 1734. — Ed.] 




[Copy of commission to William Parker, Jr., to be a notary public 
in place of James Jaffrey, " whose commission for that ofhce is hereby 
superseded." The term of the office was "during pleasure." Com- 
mission dated October 24, 1734. — Ed. J 


\_Rcport of Covimittec on the Condition of Fort William and Jllarj\] 

Province of New Hamp"" May 8^^ 1735 
Wee whose Names are hereunto subscribed being appointed to 
view the Fort W'" and Mary which we find in a very Ruinous Decay- 
ing Condition and not in a Posture of Defence and as we understand 
it was the mind of this house the Present Circumstances of the 
Province would not admit of a Complete Repair we not undertake to 
Calculate what the Rebuilding of the Walls and Bastions &c and stores 
would cost, but onely what is now of Present Necessity and are of 
opinion that there be Provision made for Repairing the Gun Wheels 
and Platforms within the Fort directly, and our Calculation of the 
Cost is as followeth — viz : 

4 Gun Wheels (a), 70/ .... 
[Torn] three inch pine Plank 
100 Oak Sleepers 24 foot Long . 
Spikes and Labour .... 

4 BB' turpinetine to the Gun Wheels 

1 BB : train Oyl 

A New Pennant ..... 
Powder-house Floor 30/ Labour & 50/ 

;^I43. o. o 

The Platform to y^ Westward of the Fort on the Point we find 
Rotten and are of Opinion that it would be best to Repair it with 
stone — 

John Sanburn 
Josh" Peirce jun'' 
Jonathan Chesle 


















[3-49] [DcdwiHS, from the Original, 1735.] 

Loyal Av. Jonathan Belcher Esq'^ Governor & Commander In 
MoRT Chief, in & over His Majestys Province of New Hamp'' 

in New England 

To the Justices of His Majesties Inferior Court of Common pleas 
for said Province or any Two of them Greeting. — Whereas Nathan- 
iel Sargent Paul Went worth and Bartholomew Thing Esq""^ are ap- 
pointed special Justices of the Inferior Court of Common pleas, by a 
Commission bearing even date with these presents, & sent you here- 
with — 

In order therefore to enable the said Nathaniel Sargent Paul Went- 
worth & Bartholomew Thing Esq''^ duely to execute the office of 
special Justices as aforesaid.^ — You are hereby authorized & required, 
to administer to them the oaths appointed by law, to be taken instead 
of the oaths of allegiance & supremacy, as also the office oaths, & 
likewise to cause them to repeat & subscribe the Declarations by law 
also required, & return this with your doings hereon into the Secre- 
tarys office within three months. — 

Given under my hand & seal the twenty seventh day of November 
1735, & in the ninth year of His Majestys Reign. — 

J. Belcher — 
By His Excellencys Command — 

Rich'^ Waldron Sec"^ 

[3~5o] {Qjiakers^ Petition concerning Oaths, 1736.] 

To Jonathan Beltcher Esq"" : Governor and Commander in Chief 
(Under God) in and over the provinces of the Massachusets Bay and 
New-hampshair in Newengland and to the Counsel and house of Rep- 
resentatives in Newhampshair afores"^ — We the people Comonly 
Called Quakers in this province when we are Chosen in any office in 
town affairs and are notified to appear before som magistrate to be 
Qualified for y^ true performance of our duty in such office we are 
Required to Qualify by an oath which is Contrary to our principle 
and that which we Cannot Conform to tho we sufer greatly for it : 
notwithstanding we are willing to serve our Respective towns and 
have sought to be Qualified as we have been in other Causes but it 
hath been Refused altho we do not desire the pennalty should be any 
whit less upon us if we be unfaithful in such office then if we swore 
with an oath. — 


We humbly desire that you will be pleased to Consider of this mater 
and provide som way by which we may not be imposed upon as afores'^ 
so shall our prayers be to y*^ Lord for you that he may direct you to 
do Justice and Equity — We Remain your Loveing friends — Signed 
on behalf and by order of our monthly meeting held at Dover on y^ 
17'^ day of y^ 2^ mo. 1736 

^ Ebenezer Varney 

^ John Canne 

April 29'^ 1736 — In the house of Representatives the within 
Petition was Read and considered upon and Voted that the Prayer of 
the Petition be granted and that the Pet"^ have Liberty to Bring in 
their Bill accordingly — 

James Jeffry CI'' Ass'" 
In Council Eod. die Read & Concurred — 

Rich'^ Waldron Sec''>' 

Consented to — J. Belcher 

[Not printed in journal of the House in Vol. IV. — Ed.] 

[3~5i] {Commissioners on Boundary Line Reeommefided.'\ 

[Endorsed] L'^'''^ of Trade nomination of Commissioners for the line. 

To the Right Hon'''^ the L'^'^^ of the Committee of His Maj'y^ most 

Hon"^^^ privy Council 

My Lords Agreeable to your Lordships order of reference dated 
24 of January last, we have considered of proper persons to be ap- 
pointed Commissioners for marking out and settling the boundaries 
or dividing lines between the Province of the Mass^ Bay & New 
Hamp"" and for that service we take leave to name to your Lordships 
George Clark, Francis Harrison, Cadwalder Colden, Abraham Van- 
horn, & Philip Livingston Esq''^ of the Province of New York : John 
Anderson, John Hamilton, John Wells, John Reading & Cornelius 
Van-horn Esq""^ of the Province of New Jersey ; William Skene, Wil- 
liam Shirreffe, Henry Cope, Erasmus James Phillips P^sq' & Maj'' 
Paul Mascarine of the Province of Nova Scotia, being the five eldest 
Council''^ in their respective Provinces And Sam' Vernon, John Gar- 
diner, John Potter, Ezekiel Warner, & George Cornel who were the 
eldest Councillors for the Colony of Rhode- Lsland in the year 1734, 
& may probably be so stil, tho they chuse their Councillors annually 


& we have no list of Councillors in that jDrovince of later date 

These Persons we think may be least liable to exception being men 
of distinction in their respective Provinces. — We are my Lords" Your 
Lordships most obedient & most humble Serv'^ 
Whitehall April i, 1736 — 

^ Fitz Walter Edw^ Ash R. Plumer 

^""^'^ T. Pelham A, Croft M. Bladon 

[Vol. IV., p. 848.] 


[Dedimus to swear Thomas Peirce and Nathaniel Rogers as special 
justices of the court of common pleas, dated December 3, 1736, signed 
by Governor Belcher, with impression of seal in wax. — Ed.] 


[Precept for the election of members of the House of Represent- 
atives, dated February 14, 1736-37. — Ed.] 


[Dedimus to swear Joseph Sherburn, Ellis Huske, Paul Wentworth, 
Bartholomew Thing, and Nathaniel Rogers as special justices of the 
court of common pleas, dated May 31, 1736, and signed by Governor 
Belcher, with fine impression of seal in wax. — Ed.] 


\Com'mu7iicationfrovi Massachusetts concerning Bo7iiidary Lines, 1737.] 

I Salisbury Aug : 13, 1737 

Province of the 

Massa : Bay 

Hon'^'^ Sir — I am commanded by the General Court of this Prov- 
ince to send you the Copy of an order referring to the Settling the 
Boundary &c which I have herewith inclosed & sent you by the Bear"" 
hereof accordingly — I am Sir yo"" most obed^ humble Serv^ant 

Simon Frost D. Sec>' 

to M^ Sec''>' Waldron 


At a Great and General Court or Assembly for His Majesty s 
Province of the Massachusetts Bay held at Salisbury by adjournment 
Aug: 10*'^ I737> & continued by further adjournm^* to August the 
13th 1737. 

In the House of Representatives : 

Whereas upon the Recommendation of the Hon^^*" His Majesty's 
Commissioners for marking out and settling the Boundaries with New- 
Hampshire, this Court passed a vote appointing a Committee to con- 
fer with a Committee that may be appointed by and on the part of the 
Province of New Hampshire in order for an agreement upon some 
Plan which may be thought proper to be exhibited by the two Prov- 
inces to the Hon^^'' Court of Commissions for giving a right under- 
standing in the affair of the Controverted Boundaries, and this Court 
being very desirous that a speedy and just Decision may be put to 
the said Controversy. 

Ordered That the General Assembly of the Province of New Hamp- 
shire now convened be forthwith informed of the Proceedings of this 
Court herein and to move they would raise and impower a Committee 
to confer with the Committee of this Court in the Premises, and that 
report be made respectively to both General Courts as soon as may be. 

In Council Read & Concur'd 

Consented to J. Belcher 

Copy Examd ^ Simon Frost Dep^ SeC^ 

[3-56] {Petition of Appeal. John Thonilinson to the King.'] 

[The following is an important document relating to the boundary 
controversy between New Hampshire and Massachusetts. It is not 
dated, but must have been presented between November, 1737, and 
August, 1738, according to a statement in this document. — P^d.] 

To the Kings most Excellent Majesty in Council. The hum : 
Petition of Appeal of John Thomlinson Esq'' Agent for the House of 
Representatives of your Majesties province of New Hamp : for and 
on behalf of your Maj. and of your Loyal Subjects of the Province 
of New Hampshire — 

Sheweth — That your Majesties said province of New Hamp"" Ex- 
tends from sea to sea in America, that is to say from the Atlantick 
sea or Ocean on the East part to the south sea on the West part, or 
at least so farr as your Majesties Other Government Extends towards 


the south sea and is bounded on the South side by the Great Charter 
Government of Massachusetts Bay — That the Governm' of the whole 
Province of New Hamp"" is in your Majestic, and altho the Heirs or 
Representatives of Sam^ Allen do Claim a small Limitted part of the 
soil there yet by very far the greatest part of the soil of that province 
is also in y*" Majesty — That after bearing a Continued Seres of En- 
croachm'^ and oppressions for a great Length of time from the over 
grown Province of the Massachusets Bay the Representatives of 
you Maj^ small province of New Hamp' Appointed M*" Rindge their 
Agent and he at Exceeding great Charges for about five years to- 
gether Carried on a humble Application to your Majestic that a Com° 
might Issue for settling the Bounds between the said two provinces 
in which fair and Reasonable Request he met with such numerous 
and Expensive Oppositions from the Massachusets Agent who had 
directions to spare no Expence whatever to Oppose the Issuing such 
a Com° and who most Exactly followed his Instructions therein that 
the said M'' Rindge with the greatest Difficulty got thro' the same 
the Rather for that the whole Expence on the part of New Hamp"" 
lay on the Assembly there and your Maj^ Gov"" of New Hamp. being 
a Massachusetts Man and also Gove'' tho' by a distinct Com" over the 
Massachusetts took Effectual Care during that application by his own 
Proroguing and disolving the assembly of New Hamp"" and by oppo- 
sition from the Council of New Hamp'' which he had from time to 
time Recomended to prevent any money being Raised by the Publick 
there for Carrying on that publick service in order to Distress and 
Weaken and if Possible to put a total stop to that Application — But 
at length your Majesty's Com° under the great seal for settling the 
Bounds Issued and was sued out at the Expence of New Hamp"" in 
the 9* day of April 1737 — Which Com" directed the Como''* to hold 
their first Meeting on the first of Aug* 1737 and Contained many 
other directions and '^ticulars to the following effect. — That in case 
either of the provinces should neglect to send to the Com''® at their 
first meeting the names & places of abode of two of their Publick 
Officers on either of whom or at whose place of abode any notice 
summons or finall Judgm' of the Com''® might be served or left and in 
case either of the said provinces should also neglect to send to the 
said Com''® at their first meeting a plan and full state of their Demands 
or pretentions in Writing discribing where and in what places the 
Boundaries at the Southern & Northern parts of New Hamp'' ought 
to begin and what course and how farr the same ought to Run 
respectively that then the said Com''® in either of these Cases sh'' pro- 
ceed Exparte. — And another direction was therein Contained that 
when the Com''® sh'^ have made their final determination a Copy thereof 


sh'^ be sent to such publick Officers in each Respective Province with 
notice of another Meeting to be held by the Com''^ at a distance of time 
not less than Six Weeks or more than three Months at which Meet- 
ing either of the provinces who sh"^ find themselves Agrieved might 
Enter their Appeal to your Majestic in your privy Council with a 
declaration what part of the Determination of the said Com^* they 
abided by or Appealed from 

But if neither of the said Provinces should enter their Appeal or 
Exceptions against the Com'"'^ determination at such last meeting that 
then and in such case no appeal or Exception should be afterwards 
Received or Admitted and such Determination of the Com"^^ when 
Confirmed by y® Majesty should be final and Conclusive to both the 
s'^ provinces. — That Previous to the Issuing the s"^ Com° your Maj^ 
by y"" order in Council of the 9*^' of Feby. 1 736 persuant to a Report 
from the Com^^of Council for plantation affairs were pleased to direct 
the Issuing of such Com° and all the particular Clauses which such 
Com° sh'^ Contain and Especially those above ment^ and your Majesty 
was further pleased by y"" said order in Council to Command that to 
the Intent the good purposes proposed by that Com° might not be 
frustrated by any failure in the Execution thereof your Com""^ for 
Trade & Plantations should send a Letter to the Gov"" of the Massa- 
chusetts Bay and New Hampshire Requiring him to Recomend to the 
Respective Councils and assemblys of said provinces to appoint two 
of their Publick officers to send their names and places of abode to 
the Com''* of their first Meeting together with such a state of their 
demands as before Mentioned and that such Gov"" sh'^ also acquaint 
them that in case of their omission so to do the s^ Com""* were Im- 
powered to proceed Exparte. — That accordingly the said Lords Com''® 
for Trade did write Letters and duplicates of the same and enclosed 
Copys of your Majestys s'' Order therein unto M'' Belcher as Gov"^ of 
the Massachusetts Bay and also unto him as Gov"" of New Hamp"" 
And he Rec'^ the said Letters and orders Enclosed long before the 
first of Aug' namely upon the 22 of April 1737 

That Previous to y"" Majes® making such order the Lords of Trade 
had proposed by a Report to y"" Majes® privy Council thart during the 
Meeting of the Com*^® the Gov"" sh"^ keep the Respective Assemblys 
setting or under short Prorogations that they might meet within 20 
days after such determination delivered as afores^ in order to deter- 
mine what to do thereon. — But upon Considering the same in 
Council the Agents of the Massachusetts Bay made specious objec- 
tions thereto before the Lords of the Council that such a direction 
w"^ create a great & heavey Expence to their province and for that 
Reason they strongly desired that they might not neither was it any 


part of y"" Majesties Royal Directions Altho y"" Petitioner most hum- 
bly Conceives that that would have been a part of your Majcst^ Gra- 
cious Directions if what has since happened could have been foreseen 
That the Com" Arrived in good time and your province of New 
Hamp'' caused it to be duly notified to Each one of the Com""^ and a 
Large Quorum of them meet at Hampton y^ place appointed upon 
the first of Aug^ last That the s^ Gov"" Belcher and the Province of 
the Massa*^ Bay Contirived every means in their power to Brake thro' 
your Majesties Express Orders Signified by the Lords Com''^ of Trade 
to him the said Gov'' and founded upon your Majesties Order in Council 
Copys whereof were Enclosed in their Letters to the said M"" Belcher 
And some of the means used thereto were that the Assembly of New 
Hamp"" were on the i^* of April 1737 prorogued by M"" Belcher to the 
6''^ of July and upon the -6''' of July were again prorogued by M'' 
Belchers Proclamation dated at Boston to the 4'^ of Aug' w^'' would 
be three days after the time that the state of the Provinces demands 
were to be given in to the Com'^ with the name of two persons to act 
before the Com''^ for New Hamp'' and in Default of which the Com""^ 
were directed to proceed Exparte and as if this had not been Enough 
by M"" Belchers order from Boston the assembly of New Hamp"" on the 
4*^ of Aug* were again prorogued to the 16"' of Aug* and this in Defyance 
of your Majesties Royal orders sent so long before to him so that it 
became utterly Impossible by the act of the Gov"" of the Massachusetts 
Bay alone for the Assembly of your Majesties Little province of New 
Hamp"" much less for the whole Legislature to meet to make up a 
state of their demands as to Choose two persons to act for them and 
present the names of such persons and such state of their demands 
to the Comi''^ of their first Meeting or to consider or prepare one single 
moment in any manner whatever for their Defence — 

That under this most Extraordinary Scituation of the people of New 
Hamp"" did as much as they could and there being a Com**^® of the House 
of Representatives subsisting which had formerly Corresponded with 
your Pef about getting out and Presenting the said Com°they signed 
and presented to the Com'"'' at their first meeting on the said first of 
Aug* a demand in Writing in the behalf of your Majesty and also in 
behalf of your province of New Hamp'' that the Southern Boundary 
of New Hamp'' sh^ begin three miles North from the Middle of the 
Channel of Merrimack River where it then Run into the Atlantick 
Ocean and from thence a straight Line West up into the main Land 
towards the South Sea untill it meet with your Majesties other Gov- 
ern* : and that the Northern Boundary of New Hamp'' should begin 
at the Entrance of Piscataqua Harbour and to pass up the same into 
the farthest head thereof and from thence North west ward as far as 


the British Dominions Extended and the West half of the Isle of 

That the said Com**^^ : did also Choose and Nominate to the said 
Com''^ two persons as Agents for New Hamp"" : namely Mess""® Wal- 
dron & Russell the Secretary and Sheriff of New Hamp'' 

That the Com'"'^ seeing the Dii^culty which the Massachusetts Gov'' 
had put New Hamp"" under did Receive that nomination of the two 
persons on the part of New Hamp"" and did also Receive & Record 
that Claim & demand on their part And the said two persons pro- 
tested and Insisted before the Com''® that as the Massachusetts Bay 
had in no manner whatsoever presented to the Com''® any State of the 
Massachusetts Claim or pretentions at the Com''® first meeting or for 
a considerable time after that the Com''® would proceed Exparte and 
not Receive the same afterwards it being so directed by yo'' Majesties 
Com""® But the Com'® did Receive a state of the Massachusetts pre- 
tentions some time afterward as also severall matters as Evidence to 
support the same which the Agents on the part of New Hamp'' ob- 
jected to and were not proper Evidence to be Rec*^ : That after the 
Assembly of New Hamp'' were permitted to sett on the said lo"' day 
of Aug^ which was nine days after the Com"'® first meeting M'' Belcher 
made a speech to them taking notice that the Com''® were arrived and 
telling them that the first thing the Assembly had then to do was the 
Choosing and appointing two officers on whom notice from the Com''^ 
might be left — But the Assembly Carefully avoided falling into that 
scheme which if pursued had been to Render Invalid all that had been 
before done in due and proper time and with the utmost Regularity that 
the Gov'' himself was pleased to permitt to be used and therefore the 
assembly adhered to the Com*^^ former Choice of the said Secr^ & 
high Sheriff and on the 13 Aug^ the Gov"' prorogued the Assembly of 
New Hamp'' to the 17^'' Aug' That in the Course of the Com'® pro- 
ceeding they Required a Draught of the River Merrimack to be laid 
before them on the 22^^ of Aug' and on the 20'^' of Aug' the Council 
of New Hamp'' sent down to the Assembly a Draught of that River 
with sundry votes of Council thereon for the Concurrence of the 
Assembly which were Instantly Read and taken into Consideration 
that moment & a vote formed thereon for Concurrence of the Council 
but on the same day before the Assembly could Possibly have the 
Concurrence of the Council M"" Belcher by a Message sent by the 
Sec^ adjourned the New Hamp'' Assembly unto the 23^^ of Aug' which 
was one day after the Com''® had appointed to Receive that Draught 
And then when the vote of the Assembly alone was del"^ into the 
Com''® the Agents for the Massachusetts Bay objected that that was 
not the vote of the whole Legislature of New Hamp'' : That the 


New Hamp'" Assembly on the 25 of Aug* sent up a Message to the 
Gov'' and Council taking notice how the Com'"' were delayed for want 
of plans of two Rivers and praying the GoV and Council to pass 
upon the votes Relating thereto w'^'^ the assembly had sent up to them 
the 20*^' Instant [See Vol. IV., pp. 742-3.] That the Majority of 
the Council on the 25^'^ of Aug* Voted to agree to the plan of Merri- 
mack as produced by the Massa*^ and in order to give the Massachu- 
setts all possible advantage the Council of New Hamp"" in their vote 
discribed as if the whole water from the Atlantick sea [to] Winne- 
piseokee pond was all and every part of it Merrimack River, which 
vote they sent down for the assemblys Concurrence but the assembly 
Instantly nonconcurred therewith and adheared to their own votes of 
the 20*'^ Ins* [Vol. IV, pp. 743-4.] That on the 2 of Sepf 1737 
the Com''^ made up a Determination and stated that having taken 
under Consideration the Evidences pleas and allegations offered and 
made by each party a doubt arose in point of Law and that thereupon 
they come to the Resolution That if the Charter of King William 
and Queen Mary granted to the Massachusets Bay all the Lands that 
were granted by the Charter of King Charles the first to the late 
Colony of the Massachusetts Bay lying to the Northward of Merri- 
mack River then they adjudged that a Line should Run parallel with 
the said River at the Distance of three English Miles North from 
the Mouth of the said River begining at the Southerly of the black 
Rocks so called at Low water mark and from thence to Run to the 
Crotch or parting of the said River where the River of Pemigewassett 
& Winnepiseokee meet and from thence due North three English 
Miles and from thence due West toward the South sea untill it meet 
with his Majes* other Governm*^ which should be [the] boundary or 
Dividing line between the said provinces of the Massachusetts Bay 
and New Hamp"" on that side But if otherwise then they adjudged 
& determined that a line on the Southerly side of New Hamp"" begin- 
ing at the distance of 3 English Miles North from the Southerly side 
of the black Rocks aforesaid at low water mark and from thence 
Running due West up into the main land towards the South sea untill 
it meet your Majest^ other Govern' should be the Boundary Line be- 
tween the said j^rovinces on the side aforesaid which point in doubt 
the Com''* submitted to the Consideration of your Most Sacred Majesty 
in your privy Council And as to the Northern Boundary between the 
said Provinces the Court Resolved and determined that the Dividing 
Line sh"^ pass up thro the mouth of Piscataqua Harbour and up Quite 
thro' the middle of the River into the River Newich Wannock part 
of which is called Salmon Falls and thro' the middle of the same to 
the further head thereof and from thence North 2 Degrees Westerly 


until 120 Miles be finished from the mouth of Piscataqua Harbour 
aforesaid or untill it meets with your Majesties other Governments 
and that the Dividing Line shall part the Isles of Shoals and Run 
thro' the middle of the Harbour between the Islands to the sea on 
the Southerly side and that the South Westerly part of the said 
Islands shall lye and be accounted part of the province of New Hamp"" 
and that the North Easterly part thereof shall lye in and be accounted 
part of the province of the Massachusetts Bay and be held and En- 
joyed by the said provinces Respectively in the same manner as they 
now do & have heretofore held and Enjoyed the same And the Com""^ 
further adjudged that the Cost & Charge arising taking out the Com'* 
as also of the Com''^ and their officers as of the two Clerks Surveyor 
& Waiter for their Travelling Expences and attendance in the Exe- 
cution of the same be equally born by the said provinces 

After pronouncing which Judgment the Com''® Adjourned to Fry- 
day the 14^'' of Octo : at that place at ten °Clock in the forenoon 
(being six weeks) in order to Receive an Exception or Appeal which 
either or both partys might have to the said Judgment 

That the Gov' of the Massach** Bay keept the Assembly of that 
province Carefully sitting at Salisbury Close by the lines and they 
upon the 5 of Sepf Rec'' & Considered the Judgment of the Com'® & 
sat the 5 6"' & 7 of Sep' after that they had Rec'^ the same untill they 
had fully Considered the same and untill such time as they of their 
own accord moved the Gov' to adjourn them as haveing no Business 
left to do and then and not till then he accordingly adjourned them 
to meet at Salsbury the 1 2 of Octo' two days before the Com'® were 
to meet But as to the New Hamp' Assembly the said Gov' pro- 
roo-ued them before such time as they co'^ see or so much as hear the 
Com'® Judgm' untill the 13 of Octo' the day Imediately preceding the 
Com'® last Meeting so that at the utmost they could have but one 
single day to Consider the said Determination and which part of it to 
Appeal from & by further Contrivance the Legislature of New Hamp"^ 
were deprived of that short time also 

For when the Assembly of New Hamp' were met persuant to the 
Gov'® prorogation on the 13 of Oct' and in great hurry to Consider 
the Com'® Judgment and prepare their appeal to be entered before 
the Com'® the very next morning they on the said 13'*' & 14 of Octo. 
formed a vote Relating thereto in nature of Exceptions to such part 
of the Judgment as they in the little time they had to Consider 
thereof thot' proper and sent it up with a message to the Council 
Chamber but were told there was no Council setting for that the Gov' 
on the 13"' of Octo. had adjourned the New Hamp' Council untill the 
14''' of Octo. at three in the afternoon whereas the Com'® Judgment 



was to meet at ten in the morning and was himself gone out of the 
province That the New Hamp'' Assembly waited for the Council on 
the 14 of Octo"' till near sun setting when perceiving the Massachu- 
setts Agents hurrying into the Com'^^ with their Appeal in form the 
Assembly of New Hamp"" ordered their Com''^'^ to Hasten to the 
Com""^ and file before them the vote of the Assembly as the New 
Hamp"" Exceptions to the Com''^ Judgment it being theLast moment 
for Delivery of the same 

And by such votes or Exceptions the New Hamp"" Assembly hum- 
bly Insisted that as the Massachusetts Bay, tho' Indulged by the Gov"" 
with all possible opportunity & convenience had not in due form filed 
any state of their Claims or demands before the Com""^ they ought not 
to have been heard the assembly objected also against the taking 
any line whatever from the place called the Black Rocks which lay a 
mile or more Northerly than the River Merrimack itself and likewise 
against the Com""^ adjudging to the Massachusetts Bay the half of 
Piscataqua River when the same was not Included in their grant nor 
had been ever pretended to or demanded by them their grant ex- 
tending to Land only and not to the River and in generall Insisted 
that the Bounds should be according to the Demands filed by New 
Hamp"" Which Objections or Exceptions the Com''^ Rec'^ tho' the 
Agent for the Massachusetts Bay very Demurely opposed the same 
as not coming from the whole Legislature when their own Gov'' has 
so contrived as to make that absolutely Impossible That on the self 
same 14''' of Octob. when the Business was soon in manner afforesaid 
the said Gov"" sent a written messuage to the House of Representa- 
tives in the Massa'^ Bay pretending he had been a sufferer b}^ the 
Continual sinking of the Bills of Credit and desired a Just & Right- 
eous answer to his messuage the answer whereto was that the same 
assembly of the Massachusetts in five day afterward voted him ;^333. 
6. 8 in Bills of new Tenor being Equal to ;j^iooo. of the Common 
Bills of the Province as being sensible of the Extraordinary Trouble 
and Expence his Excellency had been at in the service of the Prov- 
ince &c in Terms very uncommon for that assembly and which as 
your Pef humbly Conceives plainly shew what particular service they 
thought merited that Hasty & Imediate Reward That During the 
course of those proceedings the assembly of the Massachusetts Bay 
voted about ;^2400. for the Expence of the Com° Voted three Agents 
to prosecute their appeal Voted a sum no less than ;^2000 sterling 
to be sent to Great Brittain to prosecute the same besides a provision 
to be made for the Comfortable passage of one of their Agents hither 
[to England] in all which they were suffered to make their votes 
sufficient and Complect But when the assembly of your Majesties 


Province of New Hamp. voted sums to defray the Expence of the 
Com''^ and their officers and voted to appoint an Agent and to Prose- 
cute an appeal and to Raise some money in order thereto the Majority 
of your Majesties Councillors in New Hamp. having been appointed 
on the Recomendation of the said M"" Belcher and being Friends to 
him nonconcurred in every single Instance 

So that the said province of New Hamp'' were not able to obtain 
so much as a Copy of the proceedings of the Com""-^ but are totally 
disabled to exert themselves in support of the Rights of your majesty 
& the Province 

That your Pef doth most humbly appeal to your Majesty as well 
in behalf of your Majesty as said province of New H am p"" against the 
Determination of the Com''^ & the severall matters unduly Rec"^ by 
them and humbly prays your Majesty to Redress all the same That 
your Pef hath been necessitated to set forth these several proceedings 
that in case any defect in Form should be found in the Appeal from 
New Hamp'' your Majesty may be graciously pleased to Consider in 
how surprising a manner your Loyall Little Province of New Hamp. 
has been treated by the Gov"" who was pleased tho' very Improperly 
to call himself a Common Father to both the Provinces notwithstand- 
ing the signification of your Majesties Royall pleasure to him by so 
many severall ways as by your Majesties Com""^ for Trade & Planta- 
tion by your Maj'^ Royal order in Council and by your Majesties 
Com° under the [seal of] Great Brittain 

That your Pef prays your Majesty will be pleased to take into 
your Royal Consideration how barefaced and surprising a manner the 
said Gov'' Belcher who has had the Hon'' to have your Maj'® Com°^ 
both as Gov"" of the Massachusetts and also of your other Distinct 
province of New Hamp'' hath acted in this affair tending to the dis- 
herison of your Majestic and to usurp your Majesties undoubted 
property in fav"" to his Charter Governm* of the Massachusetts Bay 
Also the proceedings of his Friends in the Council of New Hamp. 
who sett there solely by y'' Majestys appointment 

And that your Majesty will be Graciously pleased to direct your 
proper officers to take care of your Majesties Interest on this occasion 

And that in case the said proceedings of the Com^^ shall be sent 
over to any of your Majesties officers your Majesty will be graciously 
pleased to permitt your Petif to have a Copy of the same which are 
very Long without Expence in order to defend the Rights of your 
Subjects in New Hampshire 

And that your Majesty will be most graciously pleased to hear this 
affair & make such several orders and Determinations in the premises 
for the settling: the Bounds of the said Charter Governm' and for the 


Relief of your subjects of New Hamp'' in all Respects and that in such 
manner as to y"" Majesties Great Wisdom & Justice shall seem 
meet — 

And y"" Pef as in duty bound shall ever Pray &c. 

John Thomlinson 
[Endorsed] Thomlinsons Complt. — Copy — 

[3-57] {^Ansivcr to the Foregoing. Copy in Waldron s Hand.'] 

Breif of an answer to John Tomlinson's Petition & Appeal to his 

1 N. H. does not extend from Sea to Sea. Nothing is N. H. but 
•what was made so by the royal Grant to John Mason, which extended 
but sixty miles from y*^ atlantic into the Country, and in all the Gov- 
ernor's Commissions since that Grant, there has been onely the 
northern & southern side bounds mentioned viz* from 3 miles to the 
northward of Merrimack River & every part thereof to Piscataqua 
River without saying any thing of Extent Eastward or Westward, 
wherefore according to the most genuine Construction of the several 
Commissions the extent of N. H. can be no longer E. & W. than 
are the rivers of Merrimac on one side & Piscataqua on the other, or 
at most but 60 miles 

2 All that was ever called N. H. was Granted to M"" Mason, & if 
the Grant was valid & legal the soil of that Prov. appertains to the 
lawful heirs & assigns of the s^ Mason, and His Maj'y has no right 
therein — N. B. If the soil is in part in the heirs of Sam^ Allen, 
and the residue in His Majesty w'^'* is pretty plumply acknowledged, 
what right has an agent of the representatives to dispute the prop- 
erty or the boundaries — 

3 Series of encroachments & oppressions (true eno') But the 
Gov' as soon as he had opened his Commission used & Continued his 
utmost endeavours to heal the differences which he found among the 
Borderers, and which had been subsisting many years and carryed 
often to much -higher pitch formerly than latterly except a few years 
ago that, Col° Dunbar went with an armed force from Deny and with 
great wrath and assulted some Haverill Mowers, swearing death and 
destruction to the Persons which made them flee for their lives. 
Such an Instance of threatened violence there never was before or 
since & that was on the part of N. H. — Also the expensive & nu- 
merous oppositions from the Mass^ Agent that doubtless is right, but 
that the Gov"" prevented the raising of money to carry on the affair 


by prorogations & dissolutions is equally vain & absurd when they 
had sessions as frequent and of as long duration as any under the 
adm" of former Governours 

4 The Commission sued out at y^ Expence of N. H. How could 
that be, if the Gov'' took effectual care as suggested in the next pre- 
ceding paragraph to prevent the raising any public money — 

5, 6, 7, 8, 9, lo, II, 12, 13, 14'"^ paragraphs are about y^ Commission 
& what passed at home previous and subsequent to it w"^^ are facts I 
cant speak to, neither am I able to undisguise the misrepresenta- 
tions — 

15 Gov'' Belcher contrived to break thro' His Maj^^ Instructions 
It is an audacious imputation but as his onely Gratis dictum, that he 
did not is a sufficient answer 

16 As to the prerogations from time to time they were fully an- 
swered in the reply to y^ Complaints of Wiggins & others, and the 
assembly Singly and the Council and assembly joyntly had as many 
opportunitys for doing what they tho't, and more than any Council 
& Assembly have had before, but in plain truths the maj'' part of the 
Council & Most of the principal Members in the Assembly could not 
think M' Rindge's Capacity equal to an undertaking of that kind, & 
had the utmost reason to Suppose both him & M'^Tomlinson w*'' some 
Discontented designers in the province to be in a Combination to 
Promote some selfish Schemes to the Part of the provinces under the 
Specious pretense of Geting y^ line setled which had labord at cer- 
tain seasons between 40 & 50 years under the Adm^ of L' Gov"" Usher 
Gov Allen L^ GoV Partridge GoV Dudley — L' Gov*" Usher again, 
L* Gov"" Vaughan Gov'' Shute L' Gov'' Wentworth Gov"" Burnet L* 
Gov"" Wentworth again, during which time all the Essays proved fruit- 
less, tho the province sent home three or 4 Agents besides what they 
Employed in Engl^ & it is to be noted that 3 of the persons above 
named were N. Hamp"" so that the affair had no better success when 
a N H man was at y^ head of the Governm' than now Mass^* and the 
N H Agents were once and Again advised by their Council learned 
in the law to make no Stir about the line, for they had no right to 
dispute it, & that it be their highest to hold their possessions as 
quietly & Silently as possible as the most Effectual way of Securing 
the title of what they enjoyed & the Gov"^ apprehends that this was 
one principal & weighty Consideration which occasioned the Coun- 
cils acting in the affair, who were Gentlemen well knowing in y^ prem- 
esis & throughly deleberated on them while the Maj'' part of those 
who were for raising mony to Settle the line than planters or Comon 
laborers in the field utterly ignorant of their interest & so easily Mis- 
led bv the hissing of the snake in the Grass. 


The Council wisely considered the people of New Hamp'' never had 
any grant or Charters for their province from the King, and tho't it 
better to rest till some new scheme could be projected by Men of Ex- 
perience & wisdom than to rush Precipitantly after blind leaders into 
the dark track, which had proved a labyrinth to them near 50 years 
— They concluded till they could make out a property in the soil they 
must fail in setling the bounds, and that the property was in his Maj- 
estys was the opinion of Gov"" Shute & the Council in his day and 
of many others who accepted Six Townships under Hls Majesty by 
the Grant of the s*^ Gov"" Shute, since w* L^ Gov"" Wentworth granted 
6 or 7 Towns more in His Majestys name & took care that himself & 
4 or 5 of his sons with all the Council and every Member of the House 
of Representatives of that day was a proprietor in every one of them. 
This is said to shew the sense & opinion of the Gov"" Council & 
.Assembly at that time that the soil was His Majestys, and of the 
same opinions continued the Council to last October when they ad- 
vised the Gov"" to grant a new Township at the head of Rochester 
formerly granted by Gov"" Shute & were afterward every man of them 
Voted in & admitted associates with the proprietors of the said new 
Town — and it may be further observed, that several of the Towns 
granted by L* Gov' Wentworth were granted home to Merrimack, 
and the bounds of one of them (namely Barnstead) carryed several 
miles on the South side of that. Those persons (say the Council) who 
accepted Controversial lands in part of their Townships took 'em at 
their peril and that it is of all things most unequitable, that the poor 
distressed People who have no interest in the Grants which have prin- 
cipally occasioned the Quarrel, should pay any duty to support it, fur- 
ther the Council said a Contention about the line might probably give 
a fresh alarm to the heirs or assigns of M' Mason, and bring on new 
disputes with them, which probably might subject the prov : to new 
and greater inconveniency on y^ score than any heretofore — These 
and many other considerations influenced the Council in their conduct 
in this affair as the Gov'' w^as convinced by the whole tenour of their 
Conversations and arguments at y*" Board and not any bias to humour 
the Gov'' as has been suggested contrary to sense & reason — But 
yet the Council did once Joyn with Assembly to give 500;^ to 
reimburse for expences past & to Grant 500 more to Defray the charge 
of Com""^ if any should be appointed which some of 'em declared was 
an offering violence to y'' reason and afterward the Council voted pay 
for y'' Com''^ but y^' Assembly would not consent — 

1 7 The petitioner says under this extraordinary situation &c — Ex- 
traordinary situation indeed, that a poor little province (as he calls it 
& rightly eno') should be so involved plagued & incumbered with 


the charge of a busyness, which the most wise & thinking people es- 
teem an unjust burden on the people — But to recurr the petitioner 
says a Committee of the House of representatives subsisting w* had 
formerly corresponded w*^ him about geting out and prosecuting y^ s'^ 
Commission presented unto y*^ Com""® a demand which is a most fla- 
grant falsehood, that being done by a Committee appointed by the 
General Court (viz') four Council""* (not of y*^ Gov''* appointm*) & 4 rep- 
resentatives chosen y^ 2 April 1737 

18 That the s^ Committee did chuse 2 persons is false, it was the 
Committee of y*^ Gen^ Court y* chose them 

19 The Com""* did receive the nomination of y^ two persons y' is 
true but never made any use of y^ persons & declared they would re- 
ceive y® choice of y® Gen^ assembly if they w'^ choose 

20 That the 2 persons protested before y^ Com""* is a downright 
falsehood, they were never notifyed of their being chosen either by 
the Commissioners or Committee, nor ever did one act in consequence 
of the choice 

21 The said Agent of N. H. objected, tho' in paragraph 17 tis s*^ a 
Committee of y^ House of represent made the demand 

22 The Gov"" made a speech lo^'' of Aug'^ & recommended the 
chusing 2 officers True — 

23 The assembly would not chuse but adheard to the choice of y^ 
Committee, that is as true, & it is a manifest evidence the Settlem* 
of the line was not so much at ye heart of the leaders of the flock as 
was the design of rendering the Gov'' obnoxious to the K* displeasure, 
& making the matter of the line the handle for it, the whole tenour of 
the proceedings evince the truth of the suggestion — For the assem- 
bly well knew, the Com''* would have rec'^ a choice if they had seen 
meet to make one at any time before there was occasion to make use 
of the officers 

[Endorsed] Answer to Thomlinson's Petition. 

[3~59] \_Extract frovi Charter of Khigszvood, 1737.] 

[Copy of a charter of a town by the name of Kingswood, by Jon- 
athan Belcher. Dated October 20, 1737. The bounds were as fol- 
lows : " l^eginning at the Southeasterly corner of Barnstead and 
from thence to run upon the same course as Barnstead Easterly side 
line runs to Winnipiseokee pond, from thence upon a right angle till 
it comes to the Boundary line between our said Province of New 
Hampshire and that which was formerly called the Province of 
Main, from thence as the said Boundary line runneth to the North- 



easterly corner of the Town of Rochester, from thence by Rochester 
and Barrington head Hnes to the Bounds first mentioned." — En.] 

A Schedule of the Persons names to whom the within Charter is 
Granted viz*. 

Eleaz"" Russell 
Nath^ Rogers 
Matthew Livermore 
Thom^ Peirce 
W™ Parker 
Benj^ Walton 
Sam' Plart 
Jos : Moulton 
Jn° Cutt 
Thom^ Wright 
Jn° Ayers 
Solomon Cotton 
Dan^ Jackson Jun' 
Sam' Sherburne Merc' 
Henry Sherburne Jr. do. 
W"" kins: 

Nath' Mendum 
George Rogers 
Joseph Whipple 
Jn" Ross 

Jn° Shackford Jun"' 
Jn° Wood 
W'" Frost 
Benj^ Miller 
Daniel Moulton 
Benj^ Gambling 
Jn° Pray 
Solomon Pike 
Michael Whidden 
Jn° Fellows 
Thom* Westbrook 
Daniel Rosrers 

Charles Frost N. Castle Henry Sherburne 
Jn° Dennet son of Eph^ Dennet Esq"" 

Sam' Sherburnelnnholder 

Eliot Vaughan 

Peter Greley 

Ichabod Plaisted 

Thomas Newmarch' 

Jn° Kennard 

Moses Dennett 

Joseph Langdon 

Sam' White 

George Peirce 

Joseph Jackson 

Moses Noble 
f John Sherburne of 
\ Little Harbour 

j John Sherburne son to 
\ Joseph Snerburne Esq"" 
Jun'' of ye Plain 


[Petition of Eleazer Bickford ; was in the expeditions to Cape Bre- 
ton and Annapolis, in which he contracted a disease ; wanted an 
allowance. — Ed.] 


[Copy of a mandamus to admit John Rindge as a member of the 
Council in place of Benjamin Gambling, deceased. Dated at Ken- 
sington, England, July 22, 1738, and signed "By His Majestys 
Command Holies New Castle." — Ed.] 

[3-61] {^Letter of Marque, 1739.] 

Jonathan Belcher Esq' Captain General and Governour in Chief 
in and over His Majestys Provinces of the Massachusets Bay and 
New-Hampshire in New England in America and Vice Admiral of 
the Same — 


To Captain Joshua Newbold Commander of the Ship Calia. 

Whereas His Sacred Majesty George the Second by the Grace of 
God of Great Britain France and Ireland King Defender of the 
Faith &c hath been Pleased by warrant under His Royal Sign Man- 
ual, to authorize and Impower Me to issue forth and grant Letters of 
Marque and Reprizal to any of His loving Subjects or others who shall 
a})ply to me for the same, and whom I shall deem qualified in that be- 
half, for arming and fitting out private Ships or Vessels of war for the 
apprehending Seizing and taking the Ships Vessels and Goods belong- 
ing to the King of Spain his Vassals and Subjects, or any Inhabiting 
within his Countreys Territorys, and Dominions within the west 
Indies. And forasmuch as, your s"^ ship Calia — being of the burthen 
of ab' two hundred Tuns, mounted with fourteen Guns, and other- 
wise armed ecquipped and furnished for the Service afore mentioned, 
you have made application to me that you may have lycense and 
Commission to attack. Seize, take, and make prize of, the Ships, Ves- 
sels, and Goods belonging to the King of Spain his Vassals and Sub- 
jects, Reposing therefore Special Trust and Confidence in your 
Loyalty, Courage, and good Conduct, I Do by these Presents ac- 
cordingly authorize, Impower, & Commissionate you the said Joshua 
Newbold as Captain or Commander of the said ship Calia in and with 
the same and Company to her belonging to apprehend, seize and take 
the Ships Vessels and Goods belonging to the King of Spain his 
Vassals and Subjects in what Place soever you shall happen to meet 
them within the west Indies, their said Ships Vessels and Goods to 
take and make prize of, and your said ship Calia's Company are 
Commanded to obey you as their Captain : and your self in the Ex- 
ecution of this Commission, to observe and follow the orders & In- 
structions herewith given you ; and I do hereby request all Governors 
and Commanders in Chief of any of His Majestys Territorys, 
Islands, Provinces, or Plantations, where the said Captain or Com- 
mander shall arrive with his said and men, and all admirals, 

Vice admirals, and Commanders of His Majestys Ships of war, and 
others, that may happen to meet him at Sea, also all officers and 
Subjects of the Friends or Allies of His Sacred Majesty to permit 

him the said Captain or Commander, with his said and men, 

and the prizes that he may have taken freely and quietly to pass and 
repass without giving or suffering him to receive any Trouble or 
Hindrance, but on the contrary all Succour and assistance needfull. 
Given under my hand and Seal at arms at Boston the eleventh day of 
february 1739, in the thirteenth year of His said Majestys Reign — 

By His Excellcncys Command. 

[No signature.] 



{Certificate Relative to Laud Grants to Members of t/ie Legislature.'] 

N-Hamt^l M^y ^7 1739- 

These may Certify that Lieu^ Governor Wentworth, with the ad- 
vice of His Majestys Council (Governor Shute being gone to Eno-- 
land,) on the twentieth day of May — one thousand seven hundred 
and twenty-seven, Granted five Townships, and every Member of 
the House of Representatives at that time was made a Proprietor in 
each of the said Townships, and that Andrew Wiggin Esq'" was then 
one of the Representatives and one of the Grantees of Each of the 
said Townships. — 

Rich^ Waldron Sec>' 

• [Endorsed] Certificate of Richard Waldron respecting grant of 
Five Townships on the 20 May 1727. 

17 May 1739. 


\_Doeuuients Relative to the Province Seal and its Use. Testimony 
of Secretary Waldron^ 

Rich"^ Waldron Secretary of His Majestys Province of New Hamp- 
shire in New England Testifyeth that on or about the ninth or tenth 
day of the present Month (at the request of George Jaffrey & John 
Rindge Esq""^) he the Deponent went to the House of M"" James 
Jaffry to compare & attest the Copys of the Assemblys Journals ; 
That the said James Jeffry produced two bundles of papers which 
he called the Journals of the Assembly, and began to read one of 
them, while the Deponent look'd over and compared the other with 
what the said Jeffry read ; That the Deponent observ'd several vari- 
ances between what the said Jeffry read and what he the Deponent 
look'd upon, and mentioned them to the said Jeffry, to which the 
said Jeffry sonietimes replyed that the Mistake was in the papers he 
was reading, and then he amended it, and sometimes that the Mis- 
take was in what the Deponent look'd over, & then the Deponent 
amended it. That John Rindge Esq'' took a turn at reading in the 
same Papers, which the said Jeffry had begun, and when the Depon- 
ent observed any Variances as he did sundry times to the said 
Rindge the said Rindge & the Deponent made amendments some- 
times in the papers read and sometimes in the papers compared as 


the said Jeffry and the Deponent had done before ; In the next place 
M"" Thomas Packer had a spell at reading in the said papers, which 
the said Jeffry & Rindge had been reading in before and the said 
Packer amended the Papers he read several times and being once in 
doubt whether what he read should be amended or that which the 
Deponent was compareing, the said Packer said to the aforementioned 
James Jeffry, Prithee Jemmy go look upon the Original and tell us 
which is right whereupon George Jaffrey Esq"" (who was present) 
said in a pet to the said Packer Is not what you are reading the 
Original, to which the said James Jeffry answered no, and added 
that he would go & look, and then went into another room and after 
a short tarry return' u, and said : what M'' Packer was reading was 
right, and the other must be mended. — The Deponent further saith 
he firmly believes The interpolations made by the said M"" James 
Jeffry John Rindge Esq"" and M"" Thomas Packer, in the papers read 
unto him by them were not fewer than twenty and that he made 
about the same number of Amendments on the Papers he compared. 
He further saith that he often hath seen the Assembly Book in which 
their Journals used to be entered. But the Copys he attested were 
not compared with any Entrys in that Book (neither did he see that 
Book on the aforesaid day) but with papers which the Deponent never 
saw before that he knows of. 

[3~63] \pcposition and Letter of Richard Waldron^ 

The Deposition of Richard Waldron Secretary of His Majestys 
Province of New Hampshire In New England, Testifyeth that in the 
month of April anno domini 1728, Andrew Wiggin Esq"" and M"" 
James Jeffry came to his house and desired him to give them a 
Certificate with the Province Seal that the said James Jeffry was 
clerk of the Assembly. That the Deponent answered they could 
not but know that the Governor was appointed by his Comission the 
keeper and user of the said seal, and therefore that they ought to 
have applyed to him for it, the Deponent adding, that he supposed 
this Application was made to him, on purpose to be denied by him 
and then for them to make matter of Complaint of it against the 
Governor that they could not get the Province seal : however he 
further told them he would write to the Governor and acquaint him 
with their application, and the Deponent did so within a day or two 
after and received an Answer thereto from His Excellency which he 
Communicated to them in a letter delivered with his own hand to 
the said James Jeffry on the first day of May 1738. — Copy of which 
Letter is as follows — 


" To Andrew Wiggin Esq and M'' James Jeffry 

Gentlemen : You doubtless remember that when you spoke to me 
at my house a Wednesday last the twenty sixth of last month con- 
cerning a Certificate with the Province Seal I told you as it was then 
Post day I expected an answer from His Excellency that night touch- 
ing what you requested, and that if you should think proper to come 
or send to me the next morning you might without any doubt know 
the Governors pleasure on that and accordingly by the Post on the 
said twenty sixth of April last I had the honour of receiving an an- 
swer from His Excellency to what I had wrote him the week before 
at your request, and His words are — 

If the Speaker sends me an Attested Copy of the Vote of the 
House of James Jeffry's being chosen their Clerk, and Jeffrys sends 
me the papers to be annexed to his Certificate, I shall then sign a 
Proper Certificate that he is Clerk and not before, for I dont know 
that he is Clerk — I am Gent"'" 

your humble Servant 

Rich^ Waldron 

Portsm° May i^' 1738 

Superscribed To Andrew Wiggin Esq'' of Streatham M"" James 
Jeffry of Portsmouth," 

The Deponent further saith that from the time of the Delivery of 
the said letter to the said Jeffry he the Deponent never heard one 
word from the said Wiggin or the said Jeffry touching a Certificate 
of the Province Seal, 'til the latter End of October last when the 
said Wiggin and Jeffry came again to his house and desired him to 
give them a Certificate with the Province Seal that the said Wiggin 
was Speaker of the House of Representatives ; To which the Depo- 
nent replyed that he was ashamed for them, That they should play 
such mean and low games and make such triffling and frivolous at- 
tempts when they well knew it was not In his Power to grant what 
they demanded ; Upon which M"" Wiggin asked the Deponent whether 
he would write to the Governor for them to which the deponent 
replyed he had wrote once for them already, and they might then 
have had what he wrote for but they would not and now they might 
write for themselves for he would not be their Tool again, since they 
would not accept what he had wrote for in their behalf before. He 
moreover told them the Governor would be in the Province in a few 
days, and then they might personally apply to Him if they saw meet. 
A.nd the next week after this Conversation the Governor did Come 
into the Province but they made no Application to Him that the De- 


ponent ever heard of during His Excellencys Stay in the Province 
which was twenty days — 

Richard Waldron Secretary of His Majestys Province of New 
Hampshire in New England — Testifyeth That the Province Seal 
has been in his Custody by order of His Excellency Governor Belcher 
ever since His Excellencys takeing upon him the administration of 
Government in this Province and the said Waldron can not call to 
mind that ever he heard it was denyed to any Person that apply ed to 
His Excellency for it, Moreover that the Deponent has wrote to the 
Governor more than a score of times (as he supposes) in behalf of 
Persons that wanted the use of the said Seal and upon Every appli- 
cation had an order to use it without the least demur or delay and 
that the sending to His Excellency from time to time for His order 
to use it has been always without any expence to the Person that 
wanted it. — 

The Deposition of Richard Waldron Secretary of His Majestys 
Province of New Hampshire in New England Testifyeth that on or 
about the thirteenth day of November last at Portsmouth in the 
Province aforesaid he heard Theodore Atkinson Esq"" desire His Ex- 
cellency the Governor to authenticate 2 copys of a Will for him with 
Proper Certificates under the Province Seal the one to be sent to 
England and the other to the West Indies — To whom the Gov"" 
replyed ; Let the Copys be given to the Secretary and it shall be done 
immediately. That the Deponent heard nothing further of the said 
Copys 'til he was at Hampton on the 20**^ of said November waiting 
on His Excellency out of the said Province when and where a Gen- 
tleman delivered the Deponent a letter from the said M'' Atkinson 
inclosing the two Copys which the Deponent Communicated to His 
Excellency who was pleased to delay his proceeding on His journey 
on purpose to sign the said Certificates after the Deponent had writ- 
ten them — 

Copys of the said M"" Atkinsons letter and the Deponents answer 
to him are as follows : — 

" S'' — I could not obtain the inclosed Copys til late last night which 
obliges me to ask the favour that You'l give the proper Certificate 
that His Excellency may sign them before he leaves the Town have- 
ing now an opportunity to forward them, the necessity of the case I 
hope will appollogize for it being out of time your favour in this will 
be acknowleged by S'' Your most obedient humble Servant, 

Nov'' 19, 1738. Theodore Atkinson 

Rich'* Waldron Esq"" 

Superscribed To the Hon^'"" Rich'^ Waldron Esq"" at Portsmouth." — 


[3-63] \_Waldroii to Atkinson, November, 1738.] 

" S"" Yours of the 19"^ present with the two Copys of the late M"" 
Pikes Will I Received yesterday at Hampton from M'' Russel. — I 
am afraid my asking His Excellency to sign the Certificates you de- 
sired when he was on a journey, and with his foot in the Stirrup was 
exposeing myself to the imputation of rudeness, however to oblige 
you I ventured to do it and he condescended to grant the request say- 
ing with all they should have been laid before him at Portsmouth or 
sent to him at Boston and not bro't him to be signed in his chase you 
have the said Certificates with the Province Seal affixed and the Copys 
annexed to them herein inclosed which. I hope will answer Your pur- 
pose — I am S"" your most humble servant 

Portsm° N0V21 1738 - RichnValdron 

■Theod'"'^ Atkinson Esq'' 

Superscribed — To the Hon'^''^ Theodore Atkinson Esq"" Ports- 

[3-64] \Governor- s Orders rcspeeting the Seal.^ 

July 26: 1732 
It is my order y' y*^ do not deliver the seal to the Lieu* GoV or any 
body else, without my Special order 

July 16: 1733 
You are to observe my former order about the Prov : seal 

Nov"" 26 1733 
Tis my order that you dont part with the seal, or affix it to any 
thing til said writing is first transmitted to me — 

Sir, You are hereby order'd not to Suffer the Seal of the Province 
to go out of your Custody or to affix it to any Writing without my 
Special Leave and Direction 

Given under my Hand at Boston April 21 : 1734 — 

J Belcher 
To the Hono^^^ Richard Waldron Esq Secretary of His Majesty's 

Province of New Hampshire — 


[3-65] {^President Walton s Deviaiid of the Seal, 1739.] 

Province of New Hampshire April 26"* 1739 

S"" Application being made to me by the Hon^'® George Jaffrey 
Andrew Wiggin Esq^^ & M"" Thomas Packer for the Seal of the 
Province to be affixed to y* Journals of the House of Representatives 
for said Province 

And pursuant to Orders of the Right Hon^''^ the Lords of the 
Comittee of Council for Plantation Affairs dated at White Hall the 
9^'' of December 1738 and 30 January 1738 [O. S.] directing that the 
same be authenticated by the Governor or Comander in Chief in the 
said Province under the Seal of that Province 

I do hereby as Comander in Chief (for the time being) in said 
Province of New Hampshire ; demand the Public Seal of the said 
Province and direct you to put the same Seal to the Journals of the 
House of Representatives of said Province here presented by James 
Jeffry Clerk of the late House of Representatives for said Province 
and to authenticate the same in the usual form, the above Gentlemen 
paying you your fees 

Sha. Walton 
To Richard Waldron Esq'' Secretary of the Province of New Hamp- 
shire — 

[3-66] \_Seci^etaiy Waldron' s Answer to Foregoi>ig.~\ 

Hon^^*^ Sir, In answer to your demand of the Province Seal to be 
annexed to the Assembly Journals I say if you'l please to order them 
to be left with me I will forward them to his Excellency the Gover- 
nor by an Express with all possible dispatch and with a proper Cer- 
tificate annexed in order to be authenticated under the Province Seal 
which is to be affixed by the Governor accordingly to the Express let- 
ter of the Order from the Right Hon^'^ the Lords of the Comittee of 
Council which you referr to & not by you which Order is exactly 
consonant to His Majestys Royal Commission which appoints the 
Governor Keeper and User of the Province Seal, and I take leave to 
observe to you the aforesaid order has no relation to me any other- 
wise than to require me to furnish with Copys & to attest them w'^'' I 
was ever ready to do and challenge any man liveing to say the con- 
trary, and am still ready to do so, and further I take leave to say if 
you or the Gentlemen that have applyed to you will not accept the 
offer I herein make the Application can be deem'd no other (in my 
humble opinion) than a vexatious intention ag'' y*^ Gov"^ as sundry 


former ajDplications of like sort have proved to be and not a real de- 
sign of obtaining the Seal moreover I must crave your Leave to 
express my Surprize at this Your extraordinary demand wherein you 
call your self Comander In Chief when you well know, it has been 
ever a settled point in the Province that no Le' Governor or Presi- 
dent was or could be Comander In chief by the Kings Comission 
while the Governor of the Province was at Boston and agreeable to 
this you doubtless remember you have several times voted In Council 
Your Self within this twenty years 

I am Your Honours humble Serv' R. W. 

Ports" April 26 1739 — 

To the Hon''^® M'' President Walton of New Hampshire — 

This was read & delivered to M"" President Walton in Presence of 
Mess""^ Geo. Jaffrey Andrew Wiggin & Thomas Packer '^ R. W. 
April 26 1739 


\_Atkinson and Others Application to have the Seal Affixed to Certain 


Province of Newhampshire April 27"' I739 
S'' Pursuant to an Order of the Right Hon'"''^ the Lords Comittee 
of Council for Plantation affairs Dated at White Hall 30'^ of Jan"" 
1738 [O. S.] Impowering us to Examine and take out any Copys of 
Records Src. from the Journals of the House of Representatives of 
the Province of Newhampshire, and Minuits or Orders of Council &c. 
We have obtained a Copy of the Journal of the said House of 
Representatives from the 25^'' August 1730 to the 17*'* day of Novem- 
ber 1738 Certified by James Jeffry ClC" of the Last assembly for 
Said Province, Which "^ we have sent you : Desir- 

ing you to authenticate the Same (so far as Relates to your office 
of Secretary of s'^ Province) in order to be Sent his Excelly by Some 
of us (appointed as above) who are now Ready to go with the same 
to Boston : to Desier his Excell^ to Signe the same and order the 
Publick Scale of the Province to be put thereto. 

Theodore Atkinson 
J Rindge 
Tho* Packer 
To Ric^ Waldron Esq'' SecrJ' of the Province of Newhampshire. 


[3-6S] \_Gco7-£-e Jajfrcy to RicJiard Waldro}i.~\ 

Sir In your answer to the Presidents Demand of the Province 
Seal yesterday y^ 26^'' Inst, you were Pleased to offer to make a 
Proper Certificate to be annexed to the Journalls of the Assembly 
that they might be forwarded to His Excellency the Go^''' in order 
to be authenticated under the Province Seal according to the orders 
of the Right Honourable the Lords of y^ Comitte of Councill for 
Plantation affairs Daf^ Dec"- 9"^ & Jan^ 30*" 1738 

The Said Journalls of y^ assembly are now presented to you for the 
Proper Certificate to be annexed to them That they may forthwith 
be forwarded to His Excellency the Govern'' for the Purpose aboves'^ 
and that neither the Govern'' nor any Body Else may make the appli- 
cation you in y""" s*^ answer to the President Intimated. But be 
assured the Real Designe is to obtain y^ Province Seal absolutly in 
obediance to the above said orders and not any Vexatious Intention 
against His Excell^ the Goven'' from — S"" 


V very Humb^ Serv' 

Ge° Jaffrey 
New Hampsh"" portsm° Ap"" 27^'' 1739 
To M-" Secretary Waldron — 

[3-68] \_Ric/iard Waldron to George Jaffrey.'] 

Gentlemen In answer to your request I will draw a proper Cer- 
tificate that M"" James Jeffry was Clerk of the Assembly & forthw*^ 
send it to the Gov'' by the post who will set out in an hour or two 
I am Gent'^ Yo'' hum Sev-" R. W. 

April 27, 1739 
To The Hon^^* Geo Jaffery Esq'' & M'' James Jaffry — 


[Petition to the Governor relative to Affixing the Province Seal to 

Certain Documents.'] 

To his Excellency Jonathan Belcher Esq'' Captain Gen^ and Gover- 
nour in Cheif in and over His Majestys Province of New Hamp- 
shire now resident at Boston in New England — 


The Petition of George Jaffrey Theodore Atkinson John Rindge 
and Thomas Packer of Portsmouth in the Province of New Hamp- 
shire Esq"" — 

Whereas the Right Honourable the Lords of the Committee of 
Council for Plantation affairs by their order bearing date at the Coun- 
cil Chamber Whitehall the g"' day of December 1738 Directing That 
the Representatives of the s'^ Province or their agent should be per- 
mitted to search and take copy of minutes & proceedings of the Gov- 
ernour and Council minutes and proceedings of the Council, minutes 
of the Council in assembly, and also minutes & proceedings of the 
assembly of the s'^ Province, as to such points as they should think 
necessary to Support their petition af Complaint now depending 
before His Majesty in Council against your Excellency — 

And whereas afterwards their afores*^ Lordships by their order 
bearing date at the afores'^ Council Chamber the 30*'' day of January 
1738, ordered That your pef^ George Jaffrey, Theodore Atkinson 
John Rindge and Thomas Packer Esq""^ or any other Person to be 
appointed by them, or either of them, be permitted to search for and 
take out the Copy of papers as directed by the afore recited order of 
the 9*^ of December and that the Secretary of the s'^ Province do 
attest therin as true copys and that the Governour do afBx the Seal 
of the Province thereto upon paying the usual fees for the same, 
whereof the Governour or Commander in Cheif and the Secretary of 
the s"^ Province for the time being, as also all others whom it may 
concern, are thereby ordered to take notice and Govern themselves 
accordingly (as by the s^ two orders herewith produced to your Ex- 
cellency under the Seal of the Council office may more fully appear) 
now your pef^ humbly shew your Excellency That by virtue of the 
afores^ orders they have taken a copy of the Journals of the House 
of Representatives of the said Province from the 25''' of August 1730 
to the 17^'' day of November 1738, and the same is duly attested by 
James Jaffrey Gent" the Clerk of the s'^ House of Representatives, 
and that on the 26"' day of this instant april in the absence of Your 
Excellency and David Dunbar Esq'' His Majestys Lieut. Governour 
of s^ Province, your peV^ applied to Shadrack Walton Esq'' President 
of His Majestys Council for s"^ Province and Comander in Cheif in 
the same. Praying him to cause the Province Seal to be affixed to the 
aforesaid Copys of the s"* Journals, and his Honour in obedience to 
the s"^ orders went with your pef^ to Richard Waldron Esq"" Secretary 
of the s"^ Province, who your pef^ apprehended, had the custody of 
the s*^ Seal and ordered him to affix the Province Seal accordingly to 
the s^ Papers, and your pef® at the same time produced to the s'^ Sec- 


retary the aforesaid two orders under the seal of the s^ Council office 
and Tendered him the usual fees for the affixing of the s'^^ Seal, but 
the s'^ Secretary refused to affix the s*^ Seal to the afores"^ papers upon 
the s'^ Presidents order and returned for answer viz* In answer to 
your demand of the Province Seal to be annexed to the assembly 
Journals I say, if you'l please to order them to be left with me I will 
forward them to his Excellency the Governour by an Express with all 
possible Dispatch, and with a proper Certificate annexd to them in 
order to be authenticated under the Province Seal — Now therefore 
your pef* are obliged thereupon to report to your Excellency at Bos- 
ton humbly praying That your Excellency would pursuant to the 
afores'^ orders of the 30*'' of January cause the Publick Seal of the s^ 
Province to be affixed to the afores'^ Copys of the s'^ Journals at Bos- 
ton and Certify That the aforesaid James' Jeffry is Clerk of the House 
of Representatives in the usual form of such Certificates, and order 
the afores'^ Secretary to attest the s'^ Certificate : or if the Province 
Seal is in the Custody of the s'^ Secretary in the Province of New 
Hampshire That your Excellency would be pleased to give your pet"^ 
a written order to the s"^ Secretary Directing him to affix the Prov- 
ince Seal to the afores"^ papers and a duphcate thereof ; and also one 
other order to the s^ Secretary to affix the s'^ Province Seal to any 
Deposition or other papers relating to the s'^ Complaint now depend- 
ing before His said Majest)^, which shall be presented to him by your 
pef^ for that purpose and your pef® &c &c — 

Geo : Jaffrey 
Theodore Atkinson 
J Rindge 
Thos Packer 
Portsmouth April 27"^ 1739 


[Order of Co j 111 nit tec of Council^ December 9, 1738.] 

At the Council Chamber Whitehall the 9"^ of Dec'' 1738. 

By the R' Hono^''^ the Lords of the Committee of Council for 
Plantation Affairs. 

Upon a Motion this Day made to their Lordships by the Soil'' 
for the Petition of Complaint of the Repres"'^ of the Province of 
New-Hampshire against Jon^ Belcher Esq Gov' of that Province ; 
praying to be allowed Copys of several Proceedings of the Gov"" 
Council, & Assembly of the said Province relating to the said Com- 
plaint, & to have the same authenticated under the Seal of the said 


Province, upon paying the usual Fees for the same. — It is order'd 
by their Lordships, that the said Rep''® of the Province of N. Hamp- 
shire, or their Agent be permitted to search & take Copys of such 
Minutes and Proceedings of the Gov"" & Council, Minutes & Proceed- 
ings of the Council in Assembly, & Minutes & Proceedings of the 
Assembly of that Province, as they shall think necessary to support 
their said CompP & that the same be authenticated by the Gov or 
Comm'' in chief in the said Province for the time being, under the 
Seal of that Province, upon paying the usual Fees for the same. 

Whereof the Gov'' or Comm'' in chief of the s*^. Province for the 
time being, & all others whom it may concern, are to take notice, & 
govern themselves accordingly. 

[3~70 \Goverjior s Order relative to the Seal.^ 

S'' I have receiv'd by M'' Thomas Packer an original order, of which 
the other Side is an exact Copy, as compar'd by the said M"" Packer, 
to which you are to conform yourself ; & having So done annex a 
Certificate with y'^ Seal of the Province & Send it to me for my 

Given under my Hand at Boston, April 30, 1739 

J. Belcher 

To the Hono'^'^ Richard Waldron Esq'' Secretary of His Majestys 
Province of New Hampshire at Portsmouth. 

if I have omitt^ the year in y^ order I sent you do you supjoly it — 

{Petition of TJiomas Paeker for Certified Copies of Depositions 
Relating to the Boundary Line Co7itroversy, 1739. From Hib- 
bard Mss., Vol. III., p. 169.] 

To His Excellency Jonathan Belcher Esq'' Captain General and Gov- 
ernor in Cheif in and over His Majestys Province of New Hamp- 
shire in New England. 

Humbly Sheweth — Thomas Packer of Greenland within the 
Township of Portsmouth in the aforesaid Province Esq'' That on the 
Twenty fifth day of last April he this deponent together with George 
Jaffrey, Theodore Atkinson and John Rindge Esq''* waited on Rich- 
ard Waldron Esq'' Secretary of the said Province and by virtue of 


two orders of the Right Honourable the Lords of the Committee of 
Council for Plantation affairs one of which is dated the Ninth Day 
of December 1738, and the other of 'em the Thirtieth Day of Jan- 
uary 1738, Both which the Petitioner hath already delivered to your 
Excellency demanded of him Copies of the Minutes and Proceedings 
of your Excellency and the Council of the said Province at Hamp- 
ton in the Months of August, September and October, 1737, touching 
the Settlement of the line between the said Province of New Hamp- 
shire and the Province of the Massachusetts Bay which copies they 
think necessary to support the Petition of Complaint of the late 
House of Representatives of said Province against your Excellency 
now depending before His Majesty in Council and that he would 
affix the Seal of the Province of New Hampshire to the same — to 
which the said Secretary answered that he had seen Coppys of the 
said two orders of Council Twenty Days before and would give at- 
tested Copys of the said Minutes and Proceedings : But could not 
affix the Seal of the said Province to any Papers without your Excel- 
lencys special Directions for so doing, having had orders from your 
Excellency not to affix the same without your Directions : And your 
Petitioner thereupon came to Boston to make application to your 
Excellency touching the matters aforesaid, and hath also brought 
with him Six Depositions tending to support the aforesaid Complaint 
against your Excellency all taken at Portsmouth in the said Province 
of New Hampshire, viz' One of them sworn by the aforesaid George 
Jaffrey on the Twenty seventh Day of last April before Jotham 
Odiorne Esq^ One of the Members of His Majestys Council and a 
Justice of the Peace for the said Province : Two others sworn on 
the same Day by the said George Jaffrey, and Theodore Atkinson 
before the said Jotham Odiorne ; One other Person [Deposition ?J 
on the same day by the said Theodore Atkinson, before the said Jo- 
tham Odiorne and George Jaffrey, who is also another of the Mem- 
bers of his Majestys Council and a Justice of Peace for the said 
Province ; One other Person by the said John Rindge Esq"" on the 
Twenty sixth Day of the same April before the said Jotham Odi- 
orne and George Jaffrey, and one other sworn by the said Theodore 
Atkinson, George Jaffrey, John Rindge and Andrew Wiggin Esq"" 
late Speaker of the last House of Representatives of said Province ; 
all which Depositions your Petitioner now produces to your Excel- 
lency — 

Now Therefore your Petitioner Prays, That your Excellency would 
give him a written order to the said Secretary directing him to affix 
the Seal of the Province of New Hampshire to the aforesaid Six 
Depositions and to annex a proper Certificate to the same to be 


signed by your Excellency certifying the said George Jaffrey and 
Jotham Odiorne to be Justices of the Peace for the said Province 
of New Hampshire &c. And also to any other Depositions, which 
your Petitioner and the said George Jaffrey, Theodore Atkinson and 
John Rindge or any of them shall offer to him for that purpose pay- 
ing the usual fees for the same ; and also to affix the aforesaid Prov- 
ince Seal to the beforementioned Copies of Minutes and Proceedings 
of your Excellency and Council with a proper Certificate likewise 
annexed thereto, to be signed by your Excellency, and also to any 
other Copies of Minutes and Proceedings of your Excellency and the 
said Council, or of the House of Representatives of said Province, 
touching the matter of the aforesaid Complaint as your Petitioner 
and the said George Jaffrey, Theodore Atkinson and John Rindge 
or any of them shall offer to the said Secretary for that purpose, pay- 
ing him the usual Fees. 

And yo"" Petitioner &c — 
Boston May 7*'^ 1739. Tho^ Packer 


[^Governors Order to Secretary Waldron in Anszver to tJie Forego- 

i^'g, 1 739-] 

Sir. According to an application made to me this Day by M"" Thomas 
Packer for a Certificate that George Jaffrey & Jotham Odiorne Esq""^ 
are Justices of the Peace in the Province of New Hampshire you 
are to make out such a Certificate, aiifix the Seal, & Send it to me to 
sign, & upon any further applications for the Seal by the Gentlemen 
mentioned in the Order of His Majesty's most Hono^'*^ Privy Council 
of 30*^^ Janu^ last you are to draw such Certificates as may be desir'd, 
affix the Seal, & transmit them to me yourself, for I dare not con- 
sistent with the Trust repos'd in me by His Majesty suffer such Cer- 
tificates with the Seal annext to be transmitted me by any body but 
yourself. — J. Belcher 

May 7"' 1739 — 

To the Hono*"^^ M'' Secr"^ Waldron of His Majesty's Province of New 
Hampshire, Portsmouth — 


[3~73] \Rindge, Packer^ a7id Atkinson for Seal, 1739.] 

Portsmouth August 10'** 1739. 
In pursuance of the Order of the Lords Comittee of Council dated 
Jan^ 30*'' 1738, We desire you will affix the Seal of the Province, to 
M"" James Jaffrys affidavit that he waites on you with and Annex the 
Said affidavit and Seal & your Certificate (that he has been Clerk to 
the House of Representatives of this Province from the 25*'^ of 
august 1730 to the 17*'' of November 1738) and that Jotham Odiorn 
& Joshua Pierce Esq'^ before whom the Said Jaffry was Sworn, are 
Justices of the Peace for S"^ Province, and we will forward it to the 
Gov'' to signe J Rindge 

Tho^ Packer 
Theod Atkinson — 

\_Copy of Instrnctions for Privateers in the War with Spain, 1739.] 

Instructions Given with Letters of Marque. — 

George R — Instructions for such Merchants and Others who 

shall have Letters of Marque or Reprisals for Pri- 

L. s. vate Men of War against the King of Spain His 

Vassals and Subjects or others inhabiting within 

any of His Countries Territories or Dominions, by Virtue of Our 

Comission Granted under our Great Seal of Great Britian bearing 

date this twentieth day of July 1739. 

Given at our Court at Kensington the twentieth day of July 1739, 
In the Thirteenth year of our reign — 

I*' That it shall be lawfull for the said Merchants and others 
authorized by Letters of Marque or Reprisals for Private Men of War 
to set upon by force of Arms and so subdue and take the Men of 
War, Ships and other Vessels what soever. As also the Goods Mon- 
ies and Merchandizes belonging to the King of Spain his Vassals 
and Subjects and Others inhabiting within any of His Countries, Ter- 
ritories and Dominions : But so as that no Hostility be Committed 
nor Prize attacked Seized or taken within the Harbour of Princes or 
States in amity with Us, or in their rivers or Roads within shot of 
their Cannon. 

2^^y That the said Merchants and Others shall bring such Ships 


and Goods as they have seized or shall so seize and take to such Port 
of this our Realm of England or some other part of our Dominions 
as shall be most convenient for them in order to have the same 
legally adjudged in Our High Court of Admiralty of England or be- 
fore the Judges of such the admiralty's Court as shall be lawfully 
authorized within Our Dominions. — 

3'^'y That after such Ships shall be taken and brought into any 
Port, The Taker shall be obliged to bring or send, as soon as possi- 
ble may be Three or Four of the Principal of the Company (where- 
of the Master and the Pilot be always two) of every ship so bro't 
into Port, before the Judge of the Admiralty of England, or His 
Surrogate or Such as shall be lawfully commissionated in that behalf 
to be sworn and examined jipon such Interrogatories as shall tend to 
the discovery of the Truth touching the interest or Property of such 
Ship or ships and of the Goods and Merchandizes found therein : 
And the Taker shall be further obliged at the time he produceth the 
Company to be examin'd to bring and deliver into the hands of the 
Judge of the Admiralty of England his Surrogate or others comis- 
sioned as aforesaid all such Passes, Sea-briefs Charter-Parties Bills of 
Lading Cockets Letters and other Documents and writings as shall 
be delivered up, or found on Board any such ships ; the said Taker 
or one of his Chief officers who was present and saw the said papers 
and Writings deliver'd up or otherwise found on Board at the time of 
the Capture making Oath That the said papers and writings are bro't 
and deliver'd in as they were received or taken without any Fraud 
Addition Subduction or Embezzlement. 

4'y That all such Ships Goods and Merchandizes taken by virtue 
of Letters of Marque and Reprisal shall be kept and preserved and 
no part of them shall be sold spoiled wasted or diminished and that 
the Bulk thereof shall not be broken before Judgment given in 
the said Court of Admiralty that the Ships Goods and merchandizes 
are lawful Prize ; and that no person or persons taken or surprised 
in any ship or vessel as aforesaid though known to be of the Span- 
iards Party shall be in cold blood killed mained or by torture or Cruelty 
inhumanly treated contrary to y^ common usage and just permis- 
sion in such cases ; And whosoever shall offend in any of the Pre- 
misses shall be severely punished. — 

5^y That the said Merchants Commanders of ships and others who 
shall obtain the said Letters of Marque & reprisals as aforesaid for 
Private Men of War shall not do or attempt any thing against the 
true meaning of any Article or Articles Treaty or Treaties depend- 
ing between Us, and any of Our Allies and shall not do or attempt 


anything against Our loving Subjects or the Subjects of any Prince 
or State in amity with us nor against their ships Vessels or Goods 
but only against the King of Spain his Vassals and subjects and 
others inhabiting within his Countries Territories or Dominions 
their Ships Vessels and Goods. — 

6^^ That after Condemnation of any Prize it shall or may be lawful 
for the said Merchants and others to keep such and so many ships 
Vessels Goods and Merchandizes as shall be condemned to them for 
lawful Prize in their own Possession to make sale or dispose thereof in 
open market or otherwise to their best advantage in as ample manner 
as at any time heretofore has been accustomed in Cases of Letters of 
Marque and Reprisals ; other than wrought Silks Bengalis and Stuffs 
mixed with Silk or Iterba of the manufacture of Persia China or East 
India or Callicoes painted dyed, printed or stained there which are to 
be deposited for exportation according to the directions of an Act 
made in the Eleventh year of the Reign of the late King William 
Entitled an Act for the more effectual employing the Poor by encour- 
aging the Manufactures of this Kingdom ; And that it shall be law- 
ful for all manner of persons as well our Subjects as others accord- 
ing to Law to buy the said Ships Vessels Goods and Merchandizes, 
so taken and condemned for lawful Prize without any damage or mo- 
lestation to ensue thereupon to the said Buyers or any of them by 
reason of the contracting or dealing for the same. 

fy That if any ship or vessel belonging to us or our Subjects 
shall be found in distress by being in fight set upon or taken by 
the Spaniards the Captain Officers and Company who shall have 
such Letters of Marque and Reprisals as aforesaid shall use their 
best endeavours to give aid and succour to all such ship or ships and 
shall to the utmost of their power labour to free the same from the 
Spaniards. — 

8'y That Our Subjects and all other Persons whatsoever who shall 
either in their own persons serve or bear any Charge or adventure or 
in any sort further or set forward the said adventure according to 
these Articles shall stand and be freed by virtue of the said Letters 
of Marque andreprizals and that no Person be in any wise reputed or 
challang'd for an offender against our Laws but shall be freed under 
our Protection of and from all trouble and vexation that might in any 
wise grow thereby in the same manner as any other our Subjects 
ought to be by Law in their aiding and assisting us either in their 
own Persons or otherwise. — 

cp That the said Merchants and others before the taking out 
letters of Marque and Reprisals shall give notice in writing sub- 


scribed with their hands to Our Comissioners for executing- the office 
of our High Admiral of Great Britain or the Lieutenant or Judge of 
the said Court of Admiralty or his Surrogate of the name of their 
Ship and of the Tunnage and Burthen and the names of the Cap- 
tains Owners or Letters out of the said Ship with the number of 
men and the names of the Officers in her and for what time they are 
victualled and also of their ordnance Furniture and Ammunition to 
the end the same may be registred in the said Court of Admiralty. — 
lo'y That those Merchants Captains and others who shall have such 
Letters of Marque and Reprisals as aforesaid shall hold and keep, and 
are hereby enjoyned to hold and keep a Correspondence by all Con- 
veniences and upon all occasions from time to time with Our Comis- 
sioners for executing the office of High Admiral of Great Britain or 
their Secretary so as from time to time to render and give unto them 
hot only an account or intelligence of their Captures or proceedings 
by virtue of such their Said Letters of Marque and Reprisals aforesaid ; 
but also of whatsoever else shall occur unto them or be discover'd or 
declared unto them or found out by them by Examination of or con- 
ference with any Mariners or Passengers of or in the Ships or vessels 
taken or by any other ways or means whatsoever touching or concern- 
ing the Designs of the Spaniards or any of their Fleets Ships Ves- 
sels or Parties ; and of the Stations Seas Ports and Places and of 
their Intents therein ; and of what Merchant Ships or Vessels of the 
Spaniards bound out or home as they shall hear of ; and of what else 
material in these Cases may arrive to their knowlege to the end 
such course may be thereupon taken and such orders given as may 
be requisite. 

11. That No Commander of a Merchant Ship who shall have a 
letter of Marque or Reprisals shall presume as they will answer it at 
their Peril to wear any Jack Pendant or any other ensign or Colours 
usually borne by our ships but that besides the Colours borne usually 
by Merchant Ships they do wear a Red Jack with the Union Jack 
described in the Canton at the upper Corner thereof near the Staff 
and that one third part of the whole Company of Every such Ship or 
Vessel so fitted out as aforesaid shall be land Men. — 

12. That such Merchants Commanders of ships and others who 
shall obtain such Letters of Marque and Reprisals as aforesaid shall 
also from time to time upon due notice being given them observe all 
such other Instructions and orders as we shall think fit to direct for 
the better carrying on of this Service. 

13. That all Persons who shall violate these Instructions shall be 
severely punished and also required to make full reparation to Per- 


sons injured contrary to these Instructions for all damages they shall 
sustain by any Capture Embezzlement Demurrage or otherwise. — 

14. That before any such Letters of Marque and Reprisals Issue 
under Seal Bail with sureties shall be given before the Lieu* and 
Judge of our High Court of Admiralty of England or his Surrogate 
in the Sum of three thousand pounds Sterling if the Ship carries 
above one hundred and fifty Men ; and if a lesser number in the sum 
of fifteen hundred pounds sterling ; which Bail shall be to the Effect 
and in the form following. — 

Which Day Time and Place Personally appeard. 

Who submitting themselves to the Jurisdiction of the High Court 
of Admiralty of England, obliged themselves their Heirs Executors 
and Administrators to our Sovereign Lord the King in the Sum of 
pounds of lawfull mony of Great Britain to this Effect 
That is to say wiiereas is authorized by Letters of 

Marque or Reprisal for a Private Man of War to Arm Equip and set 
forth to sea the Ship called the of the burthen of about 

Tons whereof he the said goeth Captain 

with Men ordnance ammunition and victuals to set upon by force of 
Arms and to subdue seize and take the Men of war ships and other 
Vessels whatsoever together with the Goods Monies and Merchan- 
dizes belonging to the King of Spain or to any of his Vassals and 
Subjects or others inhabiting within any of His Countries Territories 
or Dominions whatsoever excepting only within the Harbours or 
Roads within shot of the Cannon of Princes and States in Amity 
with His Majesty. And whereas the said has a Copy 

of Certain Instructions approved of and passed by His Majesty in 
Council deliver'd to him to Govern himself therein as by the tenour 
of the said Letters of Marque or Reprisal and of the Instructions 
thereto relating more at large appeareth. If therefore nothing shall 
be done by the said or any of his Officers Mariners or 

Company contrary to the true meaning of the said Instructions, but 
that the letters of Marque or Reprisal aforesaid and the said Instruc- 
tions shall in all Particulars be well and duly performed and observed 
as far as they shall the said Ship Captain and Company any way con- 
cern : And if they or any of them shall give full Satisfaction for any 
Damage or Injury which shall be done by them or any of them to 
any of His Majestys Subjects or Allies or Neuters or their Subjects ; 
And also if the said and his officers and Mariners shall 

duly and truly pay or cause to be paid to His Majesty or to such Per- 
son or Persons as shall be by His Majesty authorized to receive the 


same the just Tenths or tenth part according to the due and legal 
appraisment of all such Ships and Goods as shall be by them or any 
of them taken or seized and shall be by due Course of Law adjudged 
to be good and lawful Prize : and also shall dul}' and truely pay or 
cause to be paid to His Majesty or the Customers or Officers ap- 
pointed to receive the same for His Majesty the usual Customs due 
to His Majesty of and for all Ships and Goods so as aforesaid taken 
and adjudged for Prize : That then this Bail shall be void and of none 
effect ; And unless they shall so do they do all hereby severally consent 
that Execution shall Issue forth against them their Heirs Executors 
and Administrators Goods and Chattels wheresoever the same shall 
be found to the value of the said sum of pounds before 

mentioned. And In Testimony bf the Truth thereof they have here- 
unto subscribed their namcB 

- By His Majestys Command — 

Holies Newcastle — 

Copy of what was Given in by His Excellency Governor Belcher 
to register in the Secretarys office feb"^ i^' 1739-40 

Rich<5 Waldron Sec^ 

[For other documents relative to the war against Spain, see Vol. 
v., pp. 41-45, 47-52.— Ed.] 

[3~75] [Instructions to Privateers, November 26, 1739.] 

At the Council Chamber Whitehall the 26^'' of November 1739 — 

The Lords of His Majestys most Honourable Privy Council — 

Whereas there have been formerly great Irregularitys in the 
L. s, manner of Granting Commissions in the Plantations to private 

Ships of War, and whereas for preventing the like for the 
future the Governors of His Majestys Colonys & Plantations in 
America are particularly required by their Instructions to govern 
themselves according to the Commissions & Instructions Granted 
in this Kingdom — It is therefore this day Ordered in Council that 
Copys of the Commissions & Instructions Directed by His Majesty 
to be Issued here upon occasion of the present War with Spain Be 
transmitted to the Governors or Commanders in Chief of all His 


Majestys Colonys & Plantations in America for their guidance in 
this behalf and for their more particular information herein — It is 
further ordered that Copys of the Warrants issued by the Lords 
Commissioners of the Admiralty to the Judge of the High Court 
of Admiralty here requiring him to Grant the Commissions afore 
mentioned Be likewise transmitted to the said respective Governors, 
Copys of all which are hereunto annexed — 

W Sharpe — 

[Form for Letter of Marque.] 

By the Comissioners for Executing the office of Lord High Admiral 

of Great Britain & Ireland &c^ 

Whereas by His Majestys Commission under the Great Seal of 
Great Britain bearing date the thirtieth day of November 1730, We 
are required and authorized to Issue forth and Grant Comissions to 
any of His Majestys Subjects, or others whom we shall deem fitly 
qualified in that behalf for the apprehending seizing & taking the 
Ships Vessels and Goods belonging to Spain or the Vassals and Sub- 
jects of the King of Spain or others inhabiting within any of his 
Countries Territories & Dominions and Such other Ships Vessels and 
Goods as are or shall be liable to Confiscation pursuant to the respec- 
tive Treaties between His Majesty & other Princes States & Poten- 
tates and to bring the Same to Judgment in His Majestys High Court 
of Admiralty of England or Such other Court of Admiralty as Shall be 
lawfully authorized in that behalf, for proceedings and adjudication 
and Condemnation to be thereupon had according to the course of Ad- 
miralty & laws of Nations with other Powers in the said Commission 
expressed, a Copy whereof together with His Majestys Instructions 
under His Royal Signet and Sign Manual remains with you ; these 
are therefore to will and require you forthwith to Cause a Commission 
or Letter of Marque to be issued out of the High Court of Admiralty 
unto Commander of the Ship called the 

burthen about Tons mounted with Guns 

and navigated with men to set forth in warlike manner 

the said Ship called the whereof the said is com- 

mander and to apprehend seize & take the Ships Vessels and Goods 
belonging to Spain or the Vassals & Subjects of the King of Spain 
or others inhabiting within any of His Countries, Territories & Do- 
minions & Such other Ships, Vessels and Goods as are or shall be 
liable to Confiscation pursuant to the respective Treaties between His 
Majesty and other Princes States and Potentates according to His 
Majestys Commission & Instructions aforesaid — And you are to insert 


therein a Clause enjoyning the s'^ — to keep an Exact 

Journal of his proceedings & therein particularly to take notice of all 
Prizes which shall be taken by him the nature of such Prizes the time 
and Place of their being taken and the value of them as near as he 
can judge ; as also of the Station, Motion & Strength of the Enemy 
as well as he can discover by the best intelligence he can get ; of 
which he is from time to time as he shall have opportunity to trans- 
mit an Account to Our Secretary & to keep Correspondence with 
him by all opportunities that shall present. — Provided always that 
before you Issue Such Commission, Security be Given thereupon ac- 
cording as is directed by His Majestys Instructions aforementioned 
and hath been used in such Cases. — 

The s'^ Comission to continue in force until further order : For 
which this shall be your Warrant 

. Given under our hands and the Seal of the Office of Admiralty 
this day of 17 

To Sir Kenry Penvice Knight Judge of the High Court of Admi- 

By Command of their Lordships. 

George the second by the Grace of God King of Great Britain 
France & Ireland Defender of the faith To all People to whom these 
presents shall come Greeting — Whereas We by Our declaration of 
the nineteenth day of October in the Year of Our Lord one thousand 
seven hundred & thirty-nine for the reason therein contained have 
declared War against Spain and Whereas We by Our Comission 
under Our Great Seal of Great Britain bearing date the thirtieth day 
of November following have willed required & Authorized Our High 
Admiral of Great Britain & Ireland &c'' for the time being and our 
Comissioners for Executing the Office of Our High Admiral of Great 
Britain & Ireland &c^ and the Comiss''^ for Excuting the s"^ office for 
the time being or any three or more of them to Issue forth and Grant 
Comissions to any of Our loving Subjects or others whom our High 
Admiral aforesaid or our s*^ Comissioners for Executing the s"^ office 
and the Comissioners for Executing the same for the time being 
shall deem fitly qualified in that behalf for the apprehending Seizing 
and taking the Ships Vessels & Goods belonging to Spain or the 
Vassals & Subjects of the King of Spain or others inhabiting with- 
in any of his Countrys Territories & Dominions & Such other Ships 
Vessels & Goods as are or shall be liable to Confiscation pursuant to 
the respective Treatys between us and other Princes States and 


Potentates and to bring the same to Judgment in our High court of 
Admiralty of England or such other Court of Admiralty as shall be 
lawfully Authorized in that behalf for proceedings and adjudication 
& condemnation to be thereupon had according to the Course of 
Admiralty and Laws of Nations and with such Clauses to be therein 
inserted & in such manner as by our s"^ Commission more at large 
appeareth and whereas our s"^ Comissioners for Executing the Office 
of Our High Admiral afores'^have thought fitly qualified who 

hath equipped furnished and victualled a Ship called the of 

the burthen of about Tons whereof he the said is 

Commander and whereas he the said hath given sufficient 

Bail with surties to Us in our s'^ High Court of Admiralty according 
to- the Effect & form set down in Our Instructions made the s"* thir- 
tieth day of Nov'' one thousand seven hundred and thirty nine in the 
Thirteenth Year of Our Reign a Copy whereof is Given to the said 
Capt Know ye therefore that We do by these presents Grant 

Commission to and do license and Authorize the said to set 

forth in Warlike manner the s"^ Ship called the under his own 

Command and therewith by force of Arms to apprehend Seize & 
take the Ships Vessels and Goods belonging to Spain or the Vassals 
& Subjects of the King of Spain or others inhabiting within any of 
his Countrys Territorys & Dominions & such other Ships Vessels 
and Goods as are or shall be liable to Confiscation pursuant to the 
respective Treatys between Us & other Princes States & Potentates 
& to bring the same to such Port as shall be most Convenient in 
order to have them legally adjudged in Our said High Court of 
Admiralty of England or before the Judges of such other Admiralty 
Court as shall be lawfully authorized within Our Dominions w'^'' being 
Condemned it shall & may be lawfull for the s'^ to sell & 

dispose of such Ships Vessels and Goods so adjudged & Condemned 
in such sort & manner as by the Course of Admiralty hath been 
accustomed Except in such cases where it is otherwise directed by 
Our s^ Instructions Provided always that the s"^ keep an 

exact Journal of his proceedings and therein particularly take notice 
of all Prizes w'^'^ shall be taken by him the nature of such Prizes the 
times & places of their being taken and the values of them as near 
as he can judge as also of the Station motion & strength of the 
Enemy as well as he or his Mariners can discover by the best Intelli- 
gence he can get & also of whatsoever else shall occur unto him or 
any of his offic''* or Mariners or be discovered or declared unto him 
or them or found out by examination or Conference with any Mar- 
iners or Passengers of or in any the Ships or Vessels taken or by any 
other Person or persons or by any other ways & means whatsoever 


touching or concerning the designs of the Enemy or any of their 
fleets Vessels Partys & of their Stations Ports and Places & of their 
intents therin & of what Merchant Ships or Vessels of the Enemy 
bound out or home or to any other place as he or his officers or Mar- 
iners shall hear of & of what else material in these Cases may arrive 
to his or their knowledge of all which he shall from time to time as 
he shall or may have opportunity transmit an Account to our High 
Admiral of Great Britain for the time being or Our s"^ Commission- 
ers for executing the Office of Our High Admiral afores'^ or the 
Commissioners for Executing that office for the time being or their 
Secretary & to keep a correspondence w'^' him or them, by all oppor- 
tunitys that shall present and further provided that nothing be done 
by the s"^ or any of his officers marriners & company con- 

trary to the true meaning of Our fores'^ Instructions but that the 
said Instructions shall be by them & each & every of them as far as 
they or any of them are therein concerned in all particulars well and 
duly performed & observed and We pray & desire all Kings Princes 
Potentates Estates and Republicks being Our friends and allies and 
all others to whom it shall appertain to give the s^ all aid 

assistance and succour in their Ports with his said Ship Company and 
Prizes without doing or suffering to be done to him any wrong 
trouble or hindrance We offering to do the like when We shall be by 
them thereunto desired and We will & require all Our officers what- 
soever to give him Succour & assistance as occasion shall require — 

In Witness whereof we have caused the great Seal of Our High 
Court of Admiralty of England to be hereunto affixed Given at 
London the day of in the year of Our Lord one 

thousand seven hundred and and in the year of Our 

Reign — 

Instructions Given with Letters of Marque. 

George R. 

Instructions for the Commanders of such Mer- 
chant Ships and Vessels as may have Letters of 
Marque or Commissions for Private Men of War against the King of 
Spain his Vassals and subjects or others inhabiting within any of 
his Countrys Territories or Dominions by virtue of Our Commission 
Granted under the Great Seal of Great Britain Bearing Date the thir- 
tieth day of Nov"" 1739 — Given at Our Court at S' James's the 
Thirtieth day of Nov*" 1739 — in the thirteenth year of Our Reign — 


[Then follow the articles of instruction, which do not differ mate- 
rially from those printed in the document next preceding, and are 
consequently omitted here. The document is signed " By His 
Majestys Command — Harrington," and directed to Governor 
Belcher. — Ed.] 

[3-76] \Covimittce to Invoice Stores at the Fort, 1740.] 

To The Honourable Joseph Sherburne and John Rindge Esq""* — 

You are hereby authorized and directed, to repair to His Majestys 
Fort William and Mary on the Great Island, as soon as may be with 
conveniency, and to take a view of the said Fort, and of all the stores 
of war thereon, and report to me the state and condition of the 
said Fort, & render to me an account of the said stores under your 

And the Hon*"^^ Shad^ Walton Esq"" Cap^ of the said Fort, is hereby 
ordered to receive you into the same, & to shew you the said Fort & 
Stores, in order to your effectual executing this war* 

Given under my hand at Portsmouth the thirteenth day of feb'^ 
1739/40, & in the thirteenth year of His Majesty's Reign — 

J. Belcher 

[Committee's Report.] 

In obedience & pursuant to the within order wee the Subscribers 
Did repair to his Maj'^ Ffort William & Mary on the great Island 
which with the stores therein was shewn to us by the Hon^ Shadrick 
Walton Esq'' The state & acco* of which is as underneath viz* : The 
walls on the S° part of the Ffort verry much Broken & decayed the 
platform Rotten nine Gunns on that Line mounted and five of the 
Carriages very much decayed — 

4 gunns mounted next y^ flagg staff pointing to the S" and one of 
the Carriages Rotten — 

4 Gunns mounted at the E* end of y"^ fort in good order — On the 
N° side of the ffort 13 gunns mounted pointing up the river — the 
platform on which they stand & the Carriges good — 

At the W* end of the ffort on each side y^ gate a gunn mounted 
but one of the Carriges Rotten — 

Without the ffort Qfifield pieces mounted in good order — The pow- 
der house in good order to receive Powder, with one half bb' powder 
only therein with a bundle match & about a Ream Catrige paper 


Nigh the powder house in the fort 4 pile of shoot about 1000 in N° 
& in y" old Guard house about 200 Shoot for y'^ field pieces — 
The old Guard house very much decayed — 
The gunners house much out of repair — 
17 Small arms one of which only fitt for Present use — 
21 Cattrige boxes 8 formers' 12 Ladles 4 Wormes 7 Spunge heads 
6 Ramer heads 2 boxes of patridge shoot 20 aprons for the gunns 7 
iron Crows 7 Crab hand spikes — The Century boxes all gone 
Ffort William & Mary ffebr^ : 14: 1739/40 

Joseph Sherburn 
J Rindge 

['•Round pieces of wood used in making gun cartridges. — Ed.] 

[3-77] [Instructions relative to War with Spain, 1740.] 

George R Instructions for Our Trusty & Well-beloved Jonathan 

Belcher Esq"" Our Governor & Commander in Chieff in and 

L. s. over Our Province of New Hamp"' in New England in 

America, or the Commander in Chief of Our said Province 

for the time being. 

Given at Our Court at S* James's the second day of April 1740 in the 
thirteenth year of Our Reign. — 

Having been called upon by repeated provocation to Declare War 
against Spain, we are determined by Gods assistance in so just a 
Cause to vindicate the honour of our Imperial Crown to revenge the 
Injurys done to our subjects, to assert their undoubted Rights of 
Commerce and Navigation and by all possible means to attack annoy 
and distress a Nation that has treated Our People with such Insolence 
and Barbarity 

!.• — We have therefore Given Orders for the equipping and setting 
forth of an Expedition ags* the Territories of the Catholic King in 
the West-Indies which will consist of a large Squadron of Our ships 
of War and of a Considerable Body of Our land Forces with a suit- 
able Train of Artillery Store Ships and Transports The Fleet to 
be Commanded by Our Trusty and wellbeloved Edward Vernon Esq"" 
Vice admiral of the Blue Squadron of Our fleet and Commander in 
Chief of Our Ships employed or to be employed in the West Indies, 
and the land Forces by Our Right Trusty and wellbeloved Charles 


Lord Catchcart Major General of our Forces whom we have appointed 
Our General and Commander in Chief of the said Expedition. — 

We have also determined to raise a Body of Troops in our Colonies 
on the Continent of North America to Joyn those to be sent from 
hence at a particular Rendezvous which will be appointed for that 
purpose and to act in Conjunction with them under the Command of 
Our said General in such Dispositions as shall be made for our Ser- 
vice. And altho' we have not tho't fit to fix any particular Quota for 
Our Province of New Hampshire under your Government because 
we would not set Bounds to their zeal for Our Service, yet consider- 
ing the great number of Inhabitants in Our said Province and that 
they have of late years been much increased — We doubt not in the 
least but they will exert Themselves upon this occasion as far as the 
Circumstances of the Colony will allow being assured They cannot 
render a more acceptable Service to Us and to their Mother Country 
or do any thing more essential for their own Interest. — 

2. — It is Our Will and Pleasure, That you do with the utmost 
Zeal and diligence promote and encourage so necessary a disposition 
for which purpose you will forthwith summon all our Councillors to 
attend you in Council and Communicate to Them these Instructions 
That they may be the better able to advise and assist you in the Ex- 
ecution of them and in the appointing of such officers for the Com- 
mand of the several Companys to be raised as are known to be men 
of Interest in their Country and well disposed to Our Service. — 

3. — It Is Our Intention That the Troops to be raised in our Prov- 
ince of N. Hamp'' shall consist of Companys of one hundred men 
each including four Serjeants Four Corporals and two Drummers be- 
sides their Commission Officers which shall be one Captain Two Lieu- 
tenants and an Ensign. — 

But we have reserved to our selves the nomination of the Field and 
Staff Officers, and of one Lieutenant for each Company who will be 
men of experience in Service and sent from hence for their assistance 
to meet them at the General Rendezvous appointed in the West In- 
dies. — Your Troops will likewise be furnished with one Serjeant for 
each Company, by Draughts of old Soldiers out of the four Inde- 
pendent Companys at New York, for which purpose the necessary 
orders will forthwith be given : All the other officers are left to your 
nomination and you will receive Blank Commissions under our Sign 
Manual for Them, to be filled up with such Persons, as you shall 
think proper — taking the advice and even the recommendation of 
our Council therein so far as may be consistent with our Service and 
the dispatch requisite upon this subject. 


But if the number of blank Commissions sent you upon this occa- 
sion shall happen to be more than the Companys raised in your Gov- 
ernment do require you are hereby directed to return the remainder 
by the first opportunity to one of our Secretarys of State and you 
shall return a list of the officers whose names you shall have inserted 
in any Commissions by virtue of these Our Instructions To whom 
the same shall be delivered free of all Charges and without Fee Gra- 
tuity or reward upon pain of Our highest Displeasure. — 

4. — You are likewise Directed forthwith to Issue a Proclamation 
giving notice of our Royal Intentions in this behalf inviting our good 
subjects chearfully to enlist in our Service and assuring them That 
the Troops to be raised in pursuance of these our Instructions as well 
officers as Soldiers shall enter into Our Pay and enjoy the same rank 
and pay with the rest of our British Troops so long as they shall con- 
tinue in our service. — 

5. — And that you may be the more fully informed of Our pleasure 
with respect to the Troops to be raised in your Province we have 
thought fit to declare That all the Serjeants Corporals Drummers & 
private Soldiers shall be Entitled to receive our pay from the respec- 
tive days on which They shall be enlisted pursuant to such Certifi- 
cates as you shall judge sufficient for that Purpose, and that the 
Commission officers shall enter into pay from the day their Commis- 
sions bear date. — And they shall take Post and rank in the respective 
Battalions into which they shall be formed according to the Date of 
the Certificates by which it shall appear when each Captain respec- 
tively had Completed his Levys. — 

6. — And as a further encouragement to such officers and Soldiers 
as shall engage in the present Expedition you may assure Them in 
our Royal Name that the Soldiers shall not only be Cloath'd and 
armed according to the samples that will be sent herewith and fur- 
nished with Tents & entertained in our pay but that after their arri- 
val at the General place of Rendezvous They shall be provided for 
in eyery other respect as our British Troops That They shall like- 
wise have their just share and proportion of all plunder or Booty 
gained or taken from the Enemy according to Their services and if 
by the Blessing of God upon our arms any of the Enemy's Lands or 
Settlements shall fall into our hands Our American Troops shall 
have a share thereof as well as the rest of our Forces in prefei'ence 
to all other Persons that shall not have engaged in the present Expe- 

7. — And we do further declare, That so soon as the present Expe- 
dition shall be determined whatever the success thereof may be all the 


Troops raised in Our American Colonys for this purpose, as well offi- 
cers as Soldiers shall have free leave to return to their respective 
Provinces and shall be Transported thither at our expence except 
those only that shall chuse for their own advantage to settle or remain 
in such places or Garrisons as may fall into our hands where they 
shall receive all due Encouragement and the Soldiers whether they 
remain there or Return home after the said Expedition shall retain 
their Arms and Cloathing. — 

8. — But we Trust and Expect That Our Assembly of New Hamp- 
shire will provide victuals Transports and all other necessary's for the 
Troops to be raised in our Province except their Cloaths Tents Arms 
Ammunition and pay till their arrival at the General Rendezvous in 
the West Indies from which time the said Transports shall enter into 
our Pay. 

And you are hereby directed without loss of time to recommend to 
the said Assembly in Our Name to make such Provision that the Ex- 
pedition may not be retarded for want thereof. — 

9. — We recommend to you Also to Engage such Persons within 
your Province in the present Expedition both for the Transport and 
land service as have at any time been resident in or have a particular 
knowledge of the Spanish Ports Coasts or Settlements in the West In- 
dies and you may assure such as are able Pilots for the said Coasts 
That their service shall meet with all suitable encouragement. — 

10. — And that nothing may be wanting on our part towards the 
promoting and compleating of this important design we have thought 
fit to appoint our Trusty and wellbeloved Major General Alexander 
Spotswood to be Quarter Master General of all our Forces in this 
Expedition, and to lake upon him the Command Conduct Discipline 
Disposition and Embarkation of our American Troops so soon as 
they shall be raised. You are therefore from Time to Time to cor- 
respond confer and advise with the said Major General Alexander 
Spotswood in all matters that may tend to the promoting these Levys 
and the Completion of our Design. — 

II. — We have also thought fit to dispatch our Trusty and well- 
beloved Colonel William Blakency from hence whom we have ap- 
pointed to be adjutant General of all our Forces to be employed in 
the present Expedition with samples of Cloaths and also with arms 
ammunition and other necessary's for the use of our American Troops ; 
and whatever may be further wanting shall be sent them either before 
their Embarkation or shall meet them at the General Place of Ren- 
dezvous in the West Indies. And as we repose especial Trust and 


Confidence in the said Col° Blakeney it is our Pleasure That you 
should admit him also into all your Consultations relative to these 
Instructions whenever He shall be within your Precincts. 

12. — We depend upon your punctual Complyance with these our 
Instructions We recommend the several matters therein contained 
to you our Gov'' to our Council to our Assembly and to all other our 
good subjects in New Hamp' so far as may concern Them respectively. 
And we do expect that you should, by the first, and every other oc- 
casion that may offer send us a full and clear account of your pro- 
ceedings herein by letter Directed to one of our Secretarys of State. 

G. R. 

[Endorsed] Kings Instructions dated April 2"* 1740 To Gov"" 
Belcher as Gov"" of N. Hamp'' 

Copy'd July 3, 1740 '^ R. Waldron Sec'y 

[Sent to the House by Governor Belcher, August i, 1740. See 
Vol. v., p. 69. —Ed.] 


\Governor Belcher s P roclamatioii concerning the War zvith Spain, 

April 29, 1740.] 

By His Excellency Jonathan Belcher Esq"" Governor and Commander 
in Chief in and over His Majesties Province of New Hampshire 
in New England. 

A Proclamation. 

Whereas His Majesty hath tho't fit to declare war against Spain, 
and being determined by all possible means to distress and annoy the 
Spaniards in the most effectual manner ; and particularly, by making 
an. attempt upon some of their most considerable settlements in the 
West Indies, hath been pleased for that purpose to order a large body 
of Troops under the command of the Right Honourable h e Lord 
Cathcart a Major General of His Majesty s forces with a Sufficient 
convoy of men of war to proceed from great Britain to a proper place 
in the West Indies to be appointed for that purpose there to be joyned 
by the squadron under the command of Vice-Admiral Vernon, and by 
such a number of troops as may be raised in His Majesty's Colonys 
and Islands in America to be commanded by the Honourable Colonel 


Spotswood, an able experienced officer of Great merit, who has resided 
amongst His Majesties subjects in America for twenty five years past 
and has his estate fixed in this part of the world, and on whom therefore 
the soldiers to be enlisted may depend for all acts of Justice and 

In obedience therefore to His Majesty's Commands to me given to 
encourage the raising a number of troops within this Province for the 
service aforesaid, and to make the proper dispositions thereunto — I 
have tho't fit with the advice of His Majesties Council to issue this 
Proclamation, to make known His Majesties gracious intentions and 
declarations, for the encouragement of all able bodied effective men, 
that are willing to enlist themselves in this service for the expedition 
aforesaid ; That they shall be supplyed with arms & proper cloathing 
and be paid by His Majesty, and have their share of any booty which 
shall be taken from the enemy, be sent back to their respective hab- 
itations when the service shall be over, unless any of them shall de- 
sire to settle themselves elsewhere, and that His Majesty will order 
a number of blank Commissions to be given by me to the officers 
that shall command the troops to be raised in this Province. — And 
for the better encouraging of this affair all Volunteers that shall en- 
list and proceed in this service shall be exempted from all impresses 
for three years next after their return. — 

And all such able bodied effective men being His Majesty's Sub- 
jects, who are willing to engage in the said service are directed to 
enter their names with the Captains or Commanding officers of the 
Companys of Militia to which they respectively belong, or where 
they reside. — 

Given at the Council Chamber In Portsmouth, the twenty ninth 
day of April 1740, In the thirteenth year of the Reign of Our Sove- 
reign Lord George the Second by the Grace of God, of Great Britain 
France & Ireland King, Defender of the faith &c. — 

J. Belcher 

By order of Plis Excellency the Gov"" with the advice of the 
Council — Rich'^ Waldron Sec"^ 

God SAVE the King 

[Endorsed] Proclamation to encourage Volunteers to enlist into 
His Majesties service Apr* 29, 1740. 

[The foregoing is copied from the original document. Other papers 
relative to the declaration of war against Spain may be found in Vol. 
v., pp. 41-52. — Ed.] 



{Instructions to Governor Belcher to Issue Letters of Marque, May 

20, 1740.] 

By the Commissioners for Executing the office of Lord High Admiral 
of Great Britain & Ireland &c. 

Whereas by an act passed the last session of Parliament, en- 
l: s: tituled an act for the more effectual securing and encouraging 
the Trade of His Majestys British Subjects to America and 
for the encouragement of Seamen to enter into His Majesty's service, 
It is amongst other things therein enacted. That any Person or Persons 
in any part of America or elsewhere by us impowered and appointed 
shall from and after the fourth day of January one thousand seven 
hundred and thirty nine (1740 N. S. ?] at the request of any British 
owner or owners of any ship or vessel, giving such bail and security 
as have been usually taken upon granting Commissions or letters of 
Marque except onely for the payments of the tenths of the value of 
prizes which shall be taken to the Lord High Admiral or Commis- 
sioners for Executing the office of Lord High Admiral for the time 
being cause to be issued forth in the usual manner one or more com- 
mission or commissions to any Person or Persons whom such owner 
or owners shall nominate to be Commander or in Case of death suc- 
cessively commanders of such ship or vessel for the attacking sur- 
prizing seizing and taking by and with such ship or vessel, or the 
Crew thereof any place or fortress upon the Land or any Ship or 
Vessel, Goods, Ammunition, Arms, Stores of War ; or Merchandizes 
belonging to, or possessed by any of His Majesty's Enemys, in any 
Sea, Creek, Haven or River : — These are therefore to impower you 
Jonath" Belcher Esq"" Captain General and Governor in Chief of His 
Majestys Provinces of the Massachusetts Bay & New Hampshire, and 
by these Presents, We do impower and appoint you the said Jonathan 
Belcher Esq' to Cause to be Issued forth, pursuant to the said act, by 
Warrant under your Hand and the Seal of the said Provinces of 
Massachusetts Bay 8z: New Hampshire directed to the Judge of the 
Admiralty of the said Provinces, Commissions or Letters of Marque 
at the request of any British owner or owners of any Ship or Vessel 
to any Person or Persons whom such owner or owners shall nominate 
to be Commander, or in Case of death successively Commanders of 
such Ship or Vessel and to cause such bail and security to be taken 
as is directed by the said act ; and moreover to Cause that in grant- 
ing such Commissions or letters of Marque all other things be had 
and done conformable to and as the said act requires. For which 


this shall be your warrant. Given under our hands and the seal of 
the office of admiralty, the 20'^ of May 1740. 

Th : Lytleton 
Tho : Clutterbuck 
H : Powlett 
To Jonathan Belcher Esq'^ Capt. General and Governor In Chief of 
His Majesty's Provinces of the Mass^ Bay and New Hamp"" In 
America — 

By Command of their Lordships — J Burchet [?] 

Copy from the original, examined March loth 1 740-1 

f Rich^ Waldron SeC^ 

[Endorsed] Instructions from the L''^ of the Admiralty To Gov*" 
Belcher May 20 : 1740 — 


^^Govenio)' Belcher s Proclamation to Encourage Enlistmetits in the 
Service against Spain, July 11, 1740.] 

By His Excellency Jonathan Belcher Esq'' Governor & Commander 
In Chief in and over His Majesty's Province of New Hampsh"" in 
New England. 

A Proclamation. 

Whereas His Majesty has been pleased by His Instructions to me 
under His royal Sign manual, bearing date the second day of April 
last to signify that in the prosecution of the war against Spain, he is 
determined by GOD'S assistance in so just a cause to vindicate the 
honour of His imperial Crown, to revenge the injuries done to His 
Subjects to assert their undoubted rights of commerce & navigation 
and by all possible means to attack annoy and distress a nation that has 
treated his people with such insolence and barbarity ; and has therefore 
given orders for equipping and setting forth an expedition against the 
territorys of the Catholic King in the west Indies to consist of a large 
Squadron of His Majestys Ships of war under the command of the 
Honorable Edward Vernon Esq'' Vice Admiral of the blew Squadron 
— and a Considerable body of land forces to be commanded by the 
right Honorable Charles Lord Cathcart Major General of His Majes- 
tys forces as General and Commander In Chief of the said expedition, 
and that he has determined to raise a body of troops in His Colonys 


on the Continent of North America to joyn the other troops at a 
particular rendezvous which will be appointed for that purpose, and 
to act in conjunction with them under the Command of the said Gen- 
eral ; and that altho' His Majesty has not tho't fit to fix any particu- 
lar Quota for this Province, because he would not set bounds to our 
zeal for His service, yet he is graciously pleased to express His royal 
confidence in us, that considering the great number of Inhabitance 
in this Province, and that of late years they have been much in- 
creased, we will exert ourselves on this occasion ; as far as the circum- 
stances of the province will allow, assuring us, that we cannot render 
a more acceptable service to him, and to our mother Country or do 
anything more essential for our own interest. — And zvhercas His 
Majesty hath Commanded me that I do with the utmost zeal and dil- 
igence promote and encourage so necessary a disposition, and that I 
forthwith issue a proclamation giving notice of His Royal Intentions 
in this behalf, and for inviting His good Subjects in this Province 
chearfully to Enlist in that Service. — I have therefore tho't fit with 
the advice of His Majestys Council to Issue this proclamation hereby 
to make known His Majestys pleasure in this affair, and the following 
encouragements He is graciously pleased to give to such able bodied 
effective men as shall enlist in the said service (viz') That each Com- 
pany shall consist of one hundred men including four Sergeants four 
Corporals and two Drummers, besides Commission officers, which 
shall be one Captain two Lieutenants and an Ensign ; His Majesty 
reserving to himself the nomination of the field & staff officers of the 
said forces, and one Lieutenant for each Company to be a man of Ex- 
perience, to be sent from Great Britain to meet the Company at the 
General rendezvous, and that each Company shall be furnished with 
one Serjeant to be drawn out of the old Soldiers of the independent 
Companys in New York ; and that the rest of the officers are left to 
my nomination, and I daily expect blank Commissions under His 
Majesty's sign manual which will be filled up by me & delivered free 
of all charge to such Commission officers ; That the Troops to be 
raised in pursuance of these His Majesty's Instructions as well offi- 
cers as soldiers shall enter into His Majesty's pay, and enjoy the 
same rank and pay with the rest of His Majestys troops, so long as 
they shall continue in His service ; That all the Sergeants Corporals 
Drummers & private soldiers, shall be entituled to receive His Majes- 
tys Pay from the respective days they shall be enlisted, and the offi- 
cers from the day their Commissions bear date ; which officers shall 
take post & rank in the respective battalions in which they shall be 
formed according to the date of the Certificates by which it shall 
appear when each Captain respectively had compleated his Levys ; 


and as a further Encouragement to such officers and soldiers as shall 
engage in this Expedition, I do assure them in His Majestys name 
that the soldiers shall not only be cloathed and armed according to 
such samples as His Majesty has ordered to be sent from Great Brit- 
ain and furnished with tents and entertained in His Majestys Pay, 
but that after their arrival at the General place of rendezvous, they 
shall be provided for in every other respect as His Majesty's British 
Troops ; and that they shall have their just share and proportion of 
all plunder or booty gained or taken from the enemy according to 
their services ; and if by the blessing of God upon His Majesty's 
arms any of the enemies lands or settlements shall fall into His 
Hands, The American Troops shall have a share thereof as well as 
the rest of the forces in preference to all other Persons that shall not 
engage in this Expedition ; and that so soon as the said Expedition 
shall be determined, whatever the success thereof may be, all the 
troop raised in the American Colonies for this purpose as well officers 
as soldiers shall have free leave to return to their respective Provinces, 
and shall be transported thither at His Majesty's expence except 
those only that shall chuse for their own advantage to settle or remain 
in such places or Garrisons as shall fall into His Majestys hands, 
where they shall receive all due encouragement ; and the soldiers 
whether they remain there or return home after the said Expedition, 
shall retain their arms and cloathing. — And particularly that all such 
Persons as are able Pilots for the Spanish Coasts and harbours shall 
meet with all suitable encouragement from His Majesty — 

And to the intent that all Persons proposing to engage in the said 
service, may have their election of the Captains in whose Companys 
they would enlist ; I shall order the names of the Captains and other 
Commission officers to be appointed by me for this service to be 
printed in the weekly newspapers — 

Given at the Council Chamber In Portsmouth the eleventh day of 
July 1740 in the fourteenth year of the reign of Our Sovereign Lord 
George the second by the Grace of God of Great Britain France and 
Ireland King, Defender of the faith &c — 

J. Belcher 

By order of His Excellency the Gov"" with the advice of the Coun- 
Rich'^ Waldron Sec"^ 

God Save the King — 

[Endorsed] Second Proclamation to Encourage Enlistments of 
Volunteers ag^' N Spain July 11, 1740 — 


[3-81] \_Accouut for tJic Intended West Indian Expedition^ 

The Accomptants make themselves Dr. 

to the Province of New Hamp"" for the sum of Five Hun- 
dred Pounds Cash Taken out of the Treasury by order of 
the Gen^ Court on the Intended Expedition to the West- 
indies how they Discarge the same viz^ : 
1740 To Cash of M' Treasurer Sherburne as p' Rect. 500. o. o 

Contra Cr. 
By CoP Joseph Sherburne . . . £,\i^. 3. i 

By Elhs Huske Esq' . . . . 115. 3. i 

By Cap' Tho^ Walhngford . . . 119. — — 

By Hunking Wentworth .... 103. 6. 2 

By -p*^ Cap' John Eyre & his men & ^ 

other Expences on the Intended V . 47. 7. 8 

Expedition to the Westindies j 500. o. o 

Province New Hamp"" D"" to Cash p^ Soldiers that Inlisted them- 
selves for the West Indies 1 740 

P"^ Cap' Jn'' Eyre f^6. o. — P'' Jn° Loggin . 5. 2. — 
P'^ Jo. Present . 4. 16. — Jn° Hubart . 2. 10. — 
W™ Wallingford 2. 10. — John Leighton . 2. 10. — 
Tho^ Crocket , 4 19- — Mich' Fulker . 3. 12. — 
Dan' Welch . 3. 6. — 

35- 5- — 

V^ W Slayton Exp^ 4. 2. 

P'^ the Comittee for attendance sundry times 

£a7- 7- 


{^King's Instructions relative to the Vahie of Foreign Coin, and Pro- 
hibiting the Issue of Bills of Credit, 1740.] 

By the Lords Justices — 
Jo : Cant Additional Instructions To Jonathan Belcher 
Hardwick : C :. Esq"" Governor and Command"" In Chief, in & 
Wilmington, P : over His Majesty's Province of N. Ham"" in 
Harvey C: P: S: New England in America — or to the Corn- 
Graf ton mand"" In Chief of His Majesty's said Province 
Montague for the time being — 

L : s : Given at Whitehall the fifth day of August 1 740, in the 
fourteenth year of His Majesty's Reign — 


Whereas an act of Parliament was passed in the sixth year of Her 
late Majesty Queen Ann, entituled an act for ascertaining the rates 
of foreign Coins in Her Majestys plantations in America, which act 
the respective Governors of all the plantations in America have from 
time to time been instructed to observe, and carry into due execution, 
& whereas notwithstanding the same, complaints have been made 
that the said act has not been observed as it ought to have been in 
many of His Majesty's Colonys and Plantations in America by means 
whereof many indirect practices have grown up and various & illegal 
currencies have been introduced in several of the said Colonys and 
Plantations contrary to the true intent and meaning of the said act, 
and to the prejudice of the trade of His Majestys subjects in conse- 
quence of which, complaint was presented the last session by the 
House of Commons to His Majesty that He would be graciously 
pleased to require and Command the respective Governors of His 
Colonys and plantations in America effectually to observe His Majes- 
tys Royal Instructions directing them that the act of the sixth year of 
the reign of Her Majesty Queen Ann entituled an act for ascertain- 
ing the rates of foreign coins in Her Majesty's Plantations in America 
be punctually and bona fide observed and put in execution according 
to the true intent and meaning of the s^ act. 

It is therefore His Majestys Royal Will and pleasure, and you are 
hereby strictly required and commanded under pain of His Majesty's 
highest displeasure, and of being removed from your Government, to 
take the most effectual care for the future, that the said act be punc- 
tually and bona fide observed, and put in execution according to the 
true intent and meaning thereof, and to the end that His Majesty's 
commands herein may be fully made known to all his subjects within 
your Government, and that none of them may pretend ignorance 
thereof, you are hereby further required and Commanded to publish 
this Instruction in such manner as may best answer His Majesty's 
gracious intentions herein signified. — 

And WJiereas for preventing the many and great inconveniencies, 
that had arisen in some of His Majestys Colonys and Plantations in 
America by passing laws for striking Bills of Credit and issuing out 
the same in lieu of money, the respective Governors and Commanders 
in Chief of His Majesty's Colonys and Plantations for the time being 
have been particularly instructed not to give their assent to or to 
pass any such laws for the future, without a Clause be inserted in 
such act declaring that the same shall not take effect until the said 
act shall have been approved and confirmed by His Majesty His 
Heirs or Successors ; rt/zc/ ■ic'/^^;r<?.i" notwithstanding such His Majes- 
ty's commands to the said Governors in that behalf. Paper Bills of 


Credit have been created, and issued in His Majesty's s'' Colonys and 
Plantations by virtue of acts of Assembly there making it obligatory 
on all persons to take such Bills of Credit, in payment for debts dues 
and demands — whereby the good intention of the aforementioned act 
of the sixth of Her late Majesty Queen Ann for ascertaining the 
rates of foreign coins in Her Majesty's Plantations in America has 
been frustrated, and a great discouragement has been bro't on the 
Commerce of this Kingdom by occasioning a Confusion in dealings 
and a lessening of Credit in those parts, and whereas an humble ad- 
dress was presented, the last session by the House of Commons, to 
His Majesty that he would be graciously pleased to require and Com- 
mand the respective Governors of His, Colonys and Plantations in 
America punctually and effectually to observe His Majesty's Royal 
Instructions not to give assent to or to pass any act whereby Bills of 
Credit may be issued in lieu of money without a Clause be inserted 
in such act declaring that the same shall not take effect until the said 
act shall be approved by His Majesty — 

// is tJiereforc His Majesty s Will and Pleasure — and you are 
hereby also further required and commanded under pain of His Maj- 
esty's highest displeasure, and of being removed from your Govern- 
ment punctually and effectually to observe His Majesty's Royal 
Instruction not to give assent to or pass any act whereby Bills of 
Credit may be Issued in lieu of money without a Clause be inserted 
in such act declaring that the same shall not take effect until the said 
act shall be approved by His Majesty His Heirs or Successors — 

J C : H C : W P : H C-P-S : M : 

Copy from the original Examined 

f Rich'i Waldron Sec^ Feb : 1 740-1 

[Endorsed] Instructions aV Paper Bills of Credit Dated 5 Aug*' 1740. 


\Report Favoj'ing the Appoijitmcnt of a Governor for New Hampshire 
separate fro VI Massachusetts, 1740.] 

To the Right Hon'^'^ the Lords of the Committee of His Majestys 

Most Honourable Privy Council 
My Lords 

Pursuant to your Lordships order of the 5''^ Instant we have taken 
into our Consideration the Petition of Joseph Gulston Merchant and 


Contractor for supplying Masts for the Royal Navy, Benning Went- 
worth one of His Majestys Council for the Province of New Hamp"^ 
and Richard Chapman and John Tomlinson Merchants in behalf of 
themselves and sundry other Persons interested in and Trading to His 
Majestys said Province of New Hamp'' humbly Praying for the rea- 
sons therein contained that the said Province of New Hampshire may 
be forthwith separated from being under the same Gov'' with the 
Province of the Massachusetts Bay, and Directing us to call all Per- 
sons therein Concern'd before us & to make particular enquiry 
whether the sense of the Assembly has been accordingly taken upon 
this point and make report thereof to this Committee together with 
our opinion whether we still conceive it advisable for His Majesty to 
Cause the Government of that Province to be separated from the 
Massachusetts Bay — Whereupon we take leave to inform your Lord- 
ships — That we have been attended on this occasion by the said 
Petitioners and several others interested in and Trading to the said 
Province of New Hamp"" together with M"" Paris their Sollicitor and 
also by M"" Belcher * in behalf of the Gov"" of the Massachusetts Bay 
and having heard what they had to offer, and an authentick copy of 
the original vote of the Assembly of the i^' of August last under the 
Seal of the Province having been laid before us in which they appoint 
M"" Thomlinson their Agent and empower him humbly to represent to 
His Majesty that this so long distressed tho' Loyal Province may at 
last be made happy under a separate Governor from that of the Mas- 
sachusetts Bay and that he would be graciously pleased to appoint a 
Governor over this Province separately whose Inclination & Interest 
may be to keep it from sinking and to promote the prosperity and 
welfare thereof which we apprehend is the only way to make it a 
flourishing and useful Colony. — We cannot doubt but this is the 
sense of the Assembly upon this head and therefore see no reason to 
alter our former opinion that it will be for the good of that Colony 
and for His Majestys service that the Government of New Hampshire 
should be separated from that of the Massachusetts Bay. 

We are My Lords your Lordships 

Most obedient and Most humble Servants 

Edw^ Ashe 

Whitehall Dec"" 19"' : 1740 — R. Plumer 

[The signatures have the appearance of autographs. The docu- 
ment is indorsed in Waldron's hand, " Report for a separate Gov"" 
Dec'':i9, 1740." — Ed. | 

* Governor Belcher's son^ 


{Governor BelcJiej's Address to the Assembly, Febniary 27, 1740-41.] 
[Copied from the English Archives.] 

His Excellency the Governor was pleased to open the Session with 
the following speech to both Houses. 

Gentlemen of the Council and of the House of Representatives — 
I have received His Majesties Royal Pleasure in two additional In- 
structions, one respecting the future of Bills of Credit in this Prov- 
ince, the other for carrying into execution His Majesty's determination 
in Council on the boundaries betwixt this Province and that of the 
Massachusetts Bay which the Secretary shall lay before you. 

As to the Instructions respecting the boundaries, I urged upon the 
Assembly of the Massachusetts Bay in their late session to do what 
was reasonable therein on their part but they came into no other res- 
olution than to postpone the consideration of the matter to May next : 
I therefore now earnestly recommend it to you as the first thino- to 
be done, to make provision for defraying the charge of carrying into 
execution His Majesty's Royal orders in this behalf, and since the 
season is so suitable for effecting the matter you ought to suffer no 
delay in what is to be done on your part, when nothing shall be want- 
ing on mine, to go through with the affair in the most expeditious 

You well know the ruinous condition which the onely Fort in the 
Province lies, and has done for many years past, and which I have 
from year to year press'd upon the several Assemblys to make proper 
provision for putting into a good state for defence, (tho' to little or no 
purpose,) but I shall onely say to you, I think your own security at this 
dangerous and critical conjuncture (of an expected French war) de- 
mands your immediate care in this important article. 

Gentlemen of the House of Representatives you will look into the 
state of the Treasury, and make the needfull supply for paying the 
debts contracted by the Legislature and for the further necessary 
support of the Government. 

G-entlemen of the Council and of the House of Representatives — 
I have lately received a letter from the Honorable Edward Vernon 
Esq"" Vice-Admiral of His Majesty's Blew squadron and Commander 
in Chief of His Majestys Ships in the West Indies, desiring no Ves- 
sel may be cleared from the office in this Government that may have 
provisions on board til they have given bond to land them in some 
part of His Majesty's Dominions : This letter shall be communi- 
cated to you and I shall not doubt your bringing forward a Bill to be 
past into a Law to put an effectual stop to the exportation of any 


provisions from hence, but where security is given for landing them 
in some of His Majesty's teritories. 

You are not ignorant Gentlemen of a combination of Persons in the 
neighboring Government, who are attempting to emitt a large quan- 
tity of stamped paper to pass in lieu of money, to which they have 
given the name of Manufactory Notes, and of these they have already 
Issued something considerable. 

The scheme projected for carrying forward this extraordinary affair 
having been made publick I need not tell you upon how base and 
fraudulent a foundation they have sent out their notes ; Nor are you 
strano-ers to what has been done by the Government at home for 
suppressing this unjust and unreasonable undertaking. 

I therefore hope you will do what is necessary with you, to forbid 
all Persons in this Government on severe penaltys from encouraging 
or countenancing the said notes directly or indirectly. 

Gentlemen If you have anything to suggest to me for His Majes- 
tys service and the welfare of the Province I shall chearfully fall in 
with such good purposes. 

Feb: 27, 1740, i J- Belcher 

[The foregoing is the speech referred to in Vol. V., p. 74, as "can- 
not now be found." It was copied from the English archives, in 
London, for the New Hampshire Historical Society in 1887. — Ed.] 

\Copy of Admiral Vernojis Letter, Mentioned in the Foregoing.'\ 

Port Royal Jamaica 13*'' Novemb"" 1740. 
Sir/ An opportunity offering by one of our Contractors M"" Tick- 
ells Vessells bound to New York, I could not slip the opportunity of 
informing your Excellency of the arrival in these Seas not only of the 
Large Squadron of Twelve Spanish Men of War from 80 to 60 Guns 
but likewise of Two as large Squadrons of French Ships from Brest 
& Toulon. I have also advice of as Large Reinforcements being 
under orders for coming to join me ; so that in all human probability 
the Fate of this war is drawing to a Crisis & Decision in these Seas. 
— And as I think these Squadrons will rely on being supplyed with 
Provisions from your Parts, either immediately from the French Ports 
before we may come to a Rupture with them, or from Statia & Cu- 
racoa afterwards ; and as any misfortune befalling us might be fatal 
to Our Possessions in these Seas I cant omit recommending it to you 
as most material for His Majestys Service to have no one permitted 
at this Critical Juncture to clear out from your Government without 


giving sufficient Bond not to land his provisions at any French or 
Dutch Settlements, or any other but His Majestys Colonies, where 
all they can raise will probably be wanted for the subsistence of His 
Majestys Troops. — 

As the Publick Service sufficiently bespeaks your regard in this 
particular I can in no Sort doubt of your exerting your utmost zeal 
in it for His Majestys Service — 

I am, Your Excellencys Most Obedient and Most humble Serv' 

E. Vernon 

I have the Favour of your Excellencys Letters & return you many 
thanks for your good offices to Cap' Percivall who arrived here hap- 
pily to relieve our Necessities — As the Squirrel can be of no service 
at your Port in the Winter and as she sails well, I purpose to keep 
her for His Majestys Service here & shall return her in the Spring — 

To His Excellency Jon^ Belcher Esq*" 

Copy Examined '^ Rich<^ Waldron Sec'y 


{Petition of John Eyre for Pay for Time and Expense of Enlisting 

Troops for C?tda.] 

To His Excellency Jonathan Belcher Esq"" Governour and Commander 
in chief in and over His Majesty's Province of New Hampshire; 
The Honourable His Majesty's Council, and House of Represen- 
tatives for s'^ Province in general Court convened Feb^ 27"^ 1740 
[1741, N. S.] 
The Petition of John Eyre of Portsmouth in s"^ Province Gent"" — 

Humbly Sheweth — 

That when the late Expedition against the Spanish West Indies 
was first proposed in this Province His Excellency the Governour 
with the advice of His Majestys Council for s'^ Province, was pleased 
to appoint y"^ Petitioner to be Cap* of the Company of voluntiers then 
proposed to be raised for that service in this Province ; and accord- 
ingly gave him proper beating orders and articles of encouragement 
for enlisting a company of Voluntiers in this Province. That pur- 
suant to the s'^ appointment your Petitioner did beat up in the several 
Towns in the Province where there was any prospect of success, and 
made several journeys forth and back and was indefatigable therein 
the better to effect the proposed enlistment, and also attended sever- 
able publick musters of the Militia in many Towns in s^ Province, 
ordered to appear in arms by the Collonels of the respective regiments 
to facilitate the affair which y"" Peticoner was solicitously concerned 


should succeed. — That altho' all endeavours proved fruitless your 
Peticoner had as much or more trouble in pursuing the affair and was 
put to as great expence as if the design had been effected. — That 
'tis a thing well known that the attempting to enlist a Company to 
consist of an hundred voluntiers, if pursued with hopes of success 
must be attended with considerable charge, and expence of time, es- 
pecially in a place so exposed to danger in a time of war, as this 
Province ; which with the consideracon of the Clime whither they 
were to go if enlisted, undoubtedly occasioned a general reluctance in 
the people against it. That in this affair your Peticoner spent seventy 
days viz from August the 8'^: to Ocf: 16"^: and the sum of Forty 
five pounds fifteen shillings and nine pence to procure and encourage 
the enlistment of Soldiers, for which, the Com'tee who were appointed 
by this Hon^'*^ Court to defray the charge for the weekly support of 
those that enlisted, have made your Peticoner no compensation over 
and above the allowance granted to a common Soldier. 

That your Petitioner cannot suppose that this Honourable Court 
ever designed that any Person, who was heartily engaged for the suc- 
cess of so laudable an undertaking even tho' it did not succeed, 
should bear the necessary charge and expence thereof Himself or will 
suffer him to be out of pockett for the same, which the afores"^ Com'- 
tee would undoubtedly have considered and prevented, had the power 
to them been delegated — Wherefore your Peticoner humbly prays 
that this Honourable Court, would take the premises under consider- 
ation and make him such an allowance as may fully indemnify him, 
and such further compensation as this Hon^'^ Court in their great 
wisdom and goodness shall think fit, and y"" Petitioner as in duty 
bound shall ever pray &c. — 

Portsm° March 3"^ 1740. [1741.] John Eyre. 

In Council March 13, 1740-1 Read and Recommended — 

Rich^ Waldron Sec^ 
In the House of Representatives Ma' 13"^ 1740-41. 

The within Petition Read and Voted that the Petitioner be allowed 
and paid the sum of twenty pounds out of the Treasury when the 
Treasury is supplyed for the payment of all the other debts of the 
Province James Jeffry CV Ass'" 

In Coun' March 18, 1 740-1 Read and Concurred. 

Rich^ Waldron Sec>' 

Same day Assented to — J. Belcher 

[Captain Eyre was appointed August 14, 1740. See Vol. V., pp. 
49, 211. — Ed. J 




[Acco^mt of Jolin Rindgc for Expenses in England as Agent on the 
Matter of Boundaries. ] 

1732 D"" The Province of Newhampshire. 

January 22 To Cash paid Postage & Expences 
26 To Coach hire & Expences 

30 To Cash paid for the Charter 

31 To Expences with the Solicitor 
2 To Cash paid for a map to annex to the 

6 To Cash paid Postage & Expences 
20 To d°paid Coach hire & Expences to S'James 
5 To Coach hire & Expences 

19 To Expences &Coach hire with the Sohcitor 

20 To Cash paid M"" Paris [Solicitor] 
To d° paid Coach hire 

23 To Expences going to the house of Lords 
on the Sugar Colony Bill 
Paid for 100 Plans of the Province of new Hamp'' 
To so much paid '^ M"" Thomlinson "^ his acc° 




Exchange 450 ^ O 

"^ Contra in New England 
By Cash received of the Treasury 






































Portsm° Ocf 13, 1737 — Errors Excepted 

J. Rindge — 

Portsm° Nov"" 17, 1738 — 

Prov*^^ of New ) Wee the Subscribers being a Comitte of auditt ap- 
Hamp'' ( pointed by the Generall Assembly for y*^ Province 
afores"^ for examining and allowing of acc*^ have Examined the above 
ace* both debt and Credit and find y^ same to [be] right cast and well 
avouched by y^ oath of s^ Rindge and ace'* of Cap' Jn° Thomlinson 
Esq' and that there is now Due to s'^ Rindge from the s'^ Province of 


New Hamp'' the sum of three thousand one hundred fourty three 

pounds eight shilHngs & a penny half penny as ^ y^ above ace' 

Josh : Peirce ^ 

Geo. Walton 1 ^ 

c 1 c -.-u / Comitte 

bam^ bmith [ 

J. Odiorne Ju^ J 
In the House of Representatives Ma"" nth 1740-41 
The above return read and accepted, and Voted that the Ballance 
of said accompt being ;^3i43. 8. i^ : be allowed & paid out of the 
publick Treasury as soon as Provision is made for the same 

James Jeffry CI"" Ass™ 

[3-89] \_Q?iakers' Petition relating to Taking Oaths, 1741.] 

From Dover y^ 2f^ of y^ 12*'' mo. 1 740/1 — 
To Jonathan Beltcher Esq'' Governer & Commander in Chief (under 
God) in and over the Provinces of the Massachusets Bay and New- 
hampshire in Newengland and to the Counsel and house of Repre- 
sentatives in Newhampshair aforsaid — We the People Comonly Called 
Quakers in this Province when we are Chosen in any office in town 
affairs and are notified to appear before som majestrate to Qualify for 
the true Performance of our Duty in such office we are required to 
be Qualify by an oath which is contrary to our Prenciple and which 
we cannot conform to 'tho we suffer greatly for it — Notwithstanding 
we are willing to serve and have sought to be Qualified as we have 
been in other causes but it hath been Refused altho' we do not desire 
the penalty should be any less upon us (if we be unfaithful in such 
office) than if we swor with an oath — 

We humbly desire that you will Consider of this matter and Pro- 
vide som way by which we may be Qualifyed without being imposed 
upon as aforesaid so shall our Prayers be to the Lord for you, that he 
may direct you to do Justice and Equity — We Remain your Loveing 
friends — 

Signed in behalf of our friends & brethren 

John Canne 
by Otis Pinkham 

In Coun' March 5^'' 1 740-1 — Read and Recommended 

Rich'i Waldron Sec^ 

Mar. 5''' 1740/41. In the House of Representatives 
The above Petition Read : and Voted that the prayer of the Petition 


be granted, and that the Petitioners have Liberty to bring in a Bill 
accordingly — James Jeffry CI"" Ass"" 

In Coun' March 6, 1 740-1 
Read and Concurrejd R. Waldron Sec^ 

March 6, 1 740/1 — 
I assent to the votes on the other side — J. Belcher 

[Governor'- BelcJier to Lords Commissioners of Trade mid Plantations, 


[Copied from the English Archives in London for the New Hamp- 
shire Historical Society.] 

May It Please Your Lordships 

Since I had the honour of writing you last, I have been to New 
Hampshire, & met an Assembly there, and Communicated to them, 
Such New Instructions, as I had receiv'd from their Excellencies, the 
Lords Justices, One respecting the future Emissions, of Paper Cur- 
rency, in that Province, the other for Carrying into Execution the 
Kings Judgment, for Setling the Boundaries, betwixt this Province, 
and New Hampshire, and I now send Your Lordships the Proceed- 
ings, of that Session of Assembly, by which you will find, little mate- 
rial done for His Majestys Service, or for that of the Province — the 
Affair of the Boundaries, being of great Consequence, to both Prov- 
inces, Your Lordships will see, I urg'd upon the Assembly, the 
making Sufficient Provision, for that Service ; instead whereof they 
would Vote only ^500 : which will not much more, than half com- 
pleat the Work ; However I sent out Surveyors with proper Attend- 
ants, on the several Lines, and am daily expecting their Returns, and 
so soon as I receive them, they shall be transmitted to Your Lordships. 

As the Assembly would do nothing towards the Payment, of the 
Publick Debts, or for the Support, of the Government I Judg'd it for 
His Majestys Honour, and Service, to Dissolve them, hoping, the 
next may better Act up to their Duty — I am, with great Respect 
My Lords, Your Lordships 

Most Obedient and Most Humble Servant 

Boston May 6^^^ 1741. J Belcher 

Lords Commiss" of Trade 


{^Governor Belcher to Lords of Trade, 1741, concerning Bou7idary Lme.] 

[Copied from the English Archives.] 

May it Please your Lordships 

I wrote you yesterday, to which I humbly ask your reference, & 
that you would give me leave, to lay before you, a difficulty arisen 
upon the Construction, of his Majestys Judgment respecting the 
Boundaries, betwixt this Province & that of New Hampshire — viz* 
on the following words. " T/mt tJie NortJiern Bojindaries of the said 
Province of the Massachusetts Bay are & be a Similar Curve Line 
pursuing the Course of Merrimack River at three Miles distance, 
on the North side thereof beginning at the Atlantick Ocean, and 
ending at a Point Due North, of a Place, in the Plan, returned by the 
said Commissioners, called Pautucket P'alls, and a Strait Lijic drawn 
from thence due West, cross the said River till it meets zuith His Maj- 
estys other Governments'' — Your Lordships will please to observe 
that it is called the Northern Boundaries of Massachusetts, but not the 
SoutJiern of Nezv Hampshire, nor the Divisional Line between the 
two Provinces — from this, the People of both Provinces, say, the 
Lands from the Northern Boundary of Massachusetts, till they meet 
the Southern Boundary of New Hampshire, & so further Westward, 
are not under any Jurisdiction or Government, nor can the Lands, 
already ungranted, between those Lines, be granted for the Incour- 
agement of New Setlers — if the matter therefore remains thus, it 
may soon produce Disorders, & Confusions, among the Kings Sub- 
jects, now setled upon some parts of those Lands, who look upon 
themselves in a State of anarchy — As His Majestys Order, which 
was the foundation for the Commission of making the late Settlement 
of the Boundaries, declar'd, the matter was not to affect Property, 
but Jurisdiction onely, I should be glad to know His Majestys Pleas- 
ure, as to the Jurisdiction of all those Lands, and as to the Grant of 
such of them as have not already been granted either by the Govern- 
ment of the Massachusetts Bay : or that of New Hampshire, I mean 
whether they are to be annext to either Province, or still remain by 
themselves, for His Majestys further pleasure, this difficulty, My 
Lords, seems to spring with the more force, from the very different 
wording of the Judgment, from that of the other Boundary, where it 
is said "And as to the Northern ViOww^&xy bctzveen the said Provinces, 
the Court resolve and determine, that the Dividing Line shall pass " 
&c. and again, that " the Dividing Line shall part the Isles of Shoals " 
&c and that the S° Westerly part of said Islands, shall lye and be ac- 
counted part of the Province of Ah'w Hampshire, and that the N° 


Easterly part tJicrcof shall lye in, and be acconntcd part of the Prov- 
ince of the Massachusetts Bay &c " 

I humbly pray of your Lordships, that I may be set right in this 
matter, by His Majesty s Royal Explanation, to which I shall dutifully 
conform myself, so far as it may concern me. 

I have the honour to be with much Respect My Lords, your Lord- 
ships Most Obedient & Most humble Servant 

Boston May f^ 1741. J. Belcher. 

Lords Commis''* of Trade 

[Endorsed] Rec^ July y^^M 

Read — y^9'h i ^74i 

[3-91] [^Richard Wibird Appoittted one of the Cojincil, 1741.] 

George R — 

Trusty and Wellbeloved, WE greet you well. We being well Sat- 
isfy'd of the Loyalty Integrity and Ability, of our Trusty and Well- 
beloved Richard Wibird Esq'' have thought fit hereby to signify Our 
Will & Pleasure to you, that forthwith upon the receipt hereof, you 
Swear and admit him the said Richard Wibird to be one of our Coun- 
cil of that Our Province of New Hamp"" in America in the room of 
John Rindge Esq"" Deceased And for so doing this shall be your 
Warrant. — 

And So We bid you farewell. — 

Given at Our Court at S* James's the twenty ninth day of April 
1 741, in the Fourteenth Year of Our Reign 

By His Majestys Command 

Holies Newcastle 

Rich"^ Wibird Esq'' to be of the Council of New Hamp'' 

To Our Trusty and Wellbeloved Jonathan Belcher Esq'' Our Cap* 
General and Governor in chief of Our Province of New Hamp"^ in 
America & in his Absence to Our Commander in Chief or to the 
President of .Our Council of Our S'^ Province for the time being — 

New Hampshire 

Copy examin'd '^ Rich'^ Waldron Sec''^ 

Rich^ Wibird Esq'' Sworn into the Council July 9'^ 1741 by Col° 
Henry Sherburn and Rich*^ Waldron Pursuant to a Dedimus to them 
from His Excellency the Gov'' 

Attesf Rich^ Waldron Sec-'y 


[3-92] \TJiomas WentwortJi to Governor Wejitwort/i, 174 1.] 

From the Camp George Stadt on Cuba Aug' 12'^ 1741 

S7 His Maj*'^ having directed me to use my best Endeavor to 
recruit His Forces under my command in His CoUonies in North 
America I have appointed Cap* Winslow to repaire for that end to 
your Province not doubting of your giving him all the assistance in 
your Power to Levy Soldiers, not only for Compleating Coll Gooch's 
Regim* but if Practicable to raise a greater Number Either to fill up 
vacancys in the old Corps : & in the Marrines or to form another Bat- 
tallion as it Shall be found best for his Maj*'^^ Service 

As I have here no means of Supplying the recruiting officers with 
money you will S"" be pleased to give the aforesaid Cap' Credit for 
Such Sums as may be wanted for that Service, and to draw on the 
Right Hon^^^ Henry Pelham Esq"" the paymaster Gen^ for the Said 
use : as to the particular Sums to be paid to the Said recruiting Offi- 
cers I refer you to his Instructions which he will lay before you : 

all Such as Shall Inlist themselves on this occasion will be Entituled 
to the advantage offerred by his Maj''*^ in his Instructions on the first 
Raising of Coll Gooch his Regim' 

I don't doubt S'' but you will take the proper Measure for their 
being transported hither to Support which charge I flatter my Self 
the respective Provinces will make a Provision as all his Maj"*^* Do- 
minions in the West Indies are particularly Interested in the Success 
of this Expedition — 

I am S"" your most obedient Serv' 

Tho® Wentworth — 

The Hon^^^ Benning Wentworth Eq"" 

[_Ex-Governor Belcher to Board of Trade, Transviitting Hazen s and 
Bryant's Retitrns of their Surveys of the Boundary Line, 1741.] 

[Copied from the English Archives.] 

May it please your Lordships 

Since I had the honour of writing you last, I have received from 
your Lordships, two Letters, Dated the 17 April, last, with two acts 
of Parliament, which I have made public, both here, & at New Hamp : 
The one prohibiting the Exportation of Sundry Sorts of Provisions, 
till Christmas next — the other licensing the Importation of victuals 
from Ireland S:*^^ in time of Scarcity. I have now the honour to 


transmit to your Lordships the Returns made me by two of the Sur- 
veyors, whom I sent in March last to mark out two of the Boundary 
Lines relating to this Province & New Hampshire, according to His 
Majestys Judgment, in Council, in that behalf — 

The one being Richard Hazzen's, with his Journal, The other Wal- 
ter Bryant's — 

I also employed M"" George Mitchel, upon what is called the Curve 
line, from the Ocean to Pautucket P'alls, but have had no return from 
him, altho he has promist once and again to do it, without delay, yet 
from his neglect the matter remains incompleat. Your Lordship will 
herewith receive the Journals of the Houses of Representatives, of 
this Province, from the first of their Session, to the time of my being 
Superseded, in this Government, by His Majestys Royal Commis- 
sion, To His Excellency William Shirley Esq"", the present Governour 
of this Province — I wish great Prosperity to His Majesty's Govern- 
ment, and People here, and lasting health and honour to your Lord- 
ships, and Remain with great Respect, and Esteem — 

My Lords, your Lordships Most Obedient 

and Most Humble Serv' 

Boston August 31 : 1741. J. Belcher 

[Endorsed] R. Dec-- 11"^ late GoV Mass & N. H. 
Letter from M"" Belcher, late Gov"^ of ye Provinces of y*^ Massachu- 
setts Bay & New Hampshire, dated at Boston the 31^* of August 1741, 
transmitting the Returns made by two of the Surveyors he sent in 
March last to mark out two of y*^ Boundary Lines of the said Province. 
Rec'^ Dec y*^ 11'^ ) 1741 
Read Jan'ry 23^ ) 1 741/2 
Enclosing Plan by Richard Hazzen 

Journal of Richard Hazzen ERTm7oEe53 
Journal of Walter Bryant E R T m 70 E e 54. 

[Bryant's journal is printed in Provincial Papers, Vol. VL, p. 349. 
— Ed.] 


[Petition for - Constituting a Township from the North Parish of 
Methtien, 1742, N. S.'] 

To His Excellency Benning Wentworth Esq"" Cap' General & Gover- 
nor in Chief in & Over His Majesty's Province of New Hampshire 
in New England And to the Honorable His Majesty's Council for 
Said Province — 
The Petition of Henry Saunders & Benjamin Corning a Committee 


of the Late North Parish of Methuen (so called) in the Province of 
the Mass^ Bay Humbly shews 

That the Government of the Said Province of the Mass^ Bay Claim- 
ing the Jurisdiction of the said Town of Methuen in y^ Year of Our 
Lord 1735 upon the Petition of Sundry Inhabitants of the said Town 
Erected & Incorporated a Separate & distinct Precinct or Parish in 
the Northly part of the said Town & Invested the same with the 
usual Parish Powers & Privileges — 

That thereupon the Parishioners proceeded to Build a Meeting 
House Settle a Minister & to Levy Taxes upon themselves to defray 
the Charges thereof by Authority of Law — 

That Since the runing of the Boundary Line between this Prov- 
ince and that — the Greatest part of the said Parish is found to lie in 
this Province and all the Habitations of the said Parishioners (Eight 
or Ten Excepted) fall within the Same — Whereby they Conceive 
their Parochial privileges & all Authorities & powers they were In- 
vested with or that they Conceived they were Invested with are Dis- 
solved & Vacated which makes it Impracticable for them to Subsist 
together in their former Relations or to manage their Parochial Con- 

That this Situation of Affairs will soon break up the Settlement 
there which will be no Service to this Government, & perhaps prove 
the Ruin of many Private Families who are Settled there with Con- 
siderable Cost to them Selves & who are Loyal Subjects to His 
Majesty & may be Serviceable members of the Community wherein 
they Live — 

Wherefore your Petitioners in behalf of the said Parishioners (by 
whom they are Constituted & Instructed) most Humbly Pray that by 
your Excellency's Authority a Township may be Erected & Incorpo- 
rated by the Following Metes & Bounds viz Beginning at the East End 
of a Pond commonly called & known by the Name of the Captain's 
Pond & from thence to Run to the Late Dwelling House of One Rich- 
ard Petty now Deceas'd upon a Strait Line and from thence to the 
North part of Policy Pond so called And So running by Said Pond 
to the wSouth West part thereof and then on a West Course until it 
comes to Dracut Line & then by Dracut Line till it Comes to the 
Province Line and So running by that till it Comes to the Place first 
Mentioned — Which will Comprehend a Tract of Land of about five 
Miles Square — That the sam^ may be Granted to the said Persons 
who were the Inhabitants of the Said Parish (whose Settlements will 
be Comprized within the Said Boundaries) and to their Associates 
(Saving the Rights of former Regular Grants & the Interest of Pri- 
vate property) and that they may be Invested with the Legal Rights 


powers & Authorities that other Towns in this Province hold & Enjoy 
— Or in Such other manner as Your Excellency with the advice of 
His Majesty's Said Council in your great Wisdom & Goodness shall 
think proper to Relieve your Peticoners & their Constituents from 
their Present Grievances And Your Petitioners for themselves & in 
behalf of their Principals as in Duty Bound Shall Ever Pray &c 

Henry Sanders 
January 14*'' i74i- Benjamin Corning 

[See Vol. v., pp. 183-187. — Ed.] 


[Report of a Committee on Southern Bounds of Towns on the Massa- 

cJiusetts LijieA 

Province of \ To his Excelency Benning Wentworth Esq Govern 
New Hamp""/ our & Commander in Chieff in & over His Maj^'* 
Province afores^ — May it Please your Excelency 

In Pursuance of your Excelency's Comission Under the Province 
Seal Dated the 27th of ffeb'^y Last appointing us Comissioners to 
mark out the Southern Boundarys of as many Towns on the Boundary 
Line between the Massachusets Bay & this Province as the Land & 
Inhabitants would allow of untill we Crossed Merrimac river & alsoe 
to View Dunstable first & Second Parish^ togeather with a Smal Part 
of Lytchfield on the Western Side of S'^ river &c — We have been 
thro the Severall Districts & have taken the best Information we 
could obtain from the Principle Inhabitants for their General Accom- 
modation & Do report that beginning at the S W — corner of South 
Hampton on the Curve Line between the Province afores^ & runing 
on the S*^ curve Line till it Meets with Haverhill north west Line 
runing from Holts rocks Into the Country may be one Town & from 
Haverhills S"^ N West Line On the Curve Line afores'^ till it Inter- 
sects the Line formerly between Methuen & Haver Hill So Called 
one other Town 'Excepting out of their Township the Estates of Tim- 
othy Johnson William Johnson & abiel Kelly which we Apprehend 
may more Conveniently be annexed to the Third & next Town & 
from the S'^ Line between Haverhill & Methuen to the Line formerly 
the Bounds between S"^ Methuen & a Place Called Dracut to be one 
other Town & from the S"^ Last mentioned Line to Merrimack river 
to be one other Town Then on the Western side of the river We 


have Agreeable to our Comission Divided the Tract of Land Called 
the first & 2^ Parishes of Dunstable into four Townships Agreeable 
to a Plan here with returned — all which is Humbly Submitted to 
your Excelency by May it Please your Excelency Your Excelency's 
Most Obedient Serv* 

[The foregoing is in the handwriting of Theodore Atkinson, and 
not dated. — Ed.] 


\Memorial of Justices of tJic Superior Court relative to Costs of the 
Trials of PJiilip Kenniston, Sara/i Simpson, ajid Penelope Kenjiey.~\ 

To His Excellency Benning Wentworth Esq"" Captain General, Gov- 
ernour and Con"^mander in chief in and over His Majesty's Prov- 
ince of New Hampshire in New England, To The Honorable his 
Majesty's Council for said Province and the House of Representa- 
tives in General Assembly conven'd — 

The Memorial of the Justices of the Superiour Court of Judicature 
for the Province of New Hampshire — Sheweth — 

That in the Year 1737 one Philip Kenniston was tried for the Crime 
of Burglary That the Jury found a special Verdict, That the Court 
upon advisement was of Opinion that he shou'd be acquitted paying 
cost. That there was a Bill Taxed amounting to Thirty Two pounds nine- 
teen shillings and three pence an authentick Copy whereof is hereto 
annexed That the said Philip was detained in Gaol for said costs until 
he made his Escape by breaking the Gaol, and was afterwards Exe- 
cuted in the County of Middlesex for a Burglary there by him com- 
mitted that the said Bill of cost remains still unsatisfied — 

That in the year 1739 Sarah Simpson widow and Penelope Kenny 
Singlewoman were tried for destroying and murdering their Bastard 
Children, and were condemned and Executed, That their Trials were 
long tedious and attended with much Trouble and Difficulty 

That the said Sarah and Penelope left no visible estate That Bills 
of Cost were taxed in the whole amounting to the sum of Twenty 
seven Pounds Four shillings Authentic Copies whereof are hereunto 
annexed. That the said Bills of Cost remain unsatisfied — 

That their Expences in the Trials of the said Sarah & Penelope 
amounted to the sum of Twelve pounds Twelve shillings — 

That in the year 1740 there were sundry Persons tried for passing 
Counterfeit Bills of Credit on the Colony of Rhode Island knowing 



the same to be Counterfeit and that Justice might be done and his 
Majesty's Subjects of this Province secured from being imposed on 
(if not many of them from being ruined) Care was taken by the Jus- 
tices of the said Court to prevail upon Two Gentlemen of Rhode 
Island Two of the Committee for signing their Bills to be here to 
give Evidence on the Trial, That an Express was sent from hence to 
Salem for that end, the charge of which was Five pounds and that of 
particular persons and which was for the good of the Province, That 
the said Gentlemen were here at the Trial and That (notwithstanding 
the Persons tried were acquitted yet it being proved that those Bills 
were Counterfeit) a stop was put to their passing — 

Wherefore your Memorialists pray your Excellency and Honours 
and the House of Representatives to take this Memorial under Con- 
sideration and to allow out of the Treasury what may be tho't rea- 
sonable and your memorialists as in Duty bound shall ever pray &c — 
Portsm° By Order of Court 

February 6^^ 1741 Benj=^ Gambling Clerk 


\_Costs in Case of PJiilip Kcnniston^ 

Superior Court at Portsm° in the Province of New Hampshire on 
the first Tuesday of February IJ'^JJS — Dominus Rex v®: Philip Ken- 
niston Bill of Cost against the Respond' 

Bill of Cost before the Justice 

Drawing Indictment 


Jury . 

3 Summons 


witneses attendance 


Prison-keepers Fees 

Attorneys attendance 


Exam'd ^ B Gambling clr — 


A True Copy Examd 










I : 



12 : 




I : 


I : 




H Sherburne 
B Gambling Clerk 



[Philip Kenniston was tried for burglary and convicted. He broke 
out of jail and fled to Massachusetts, where he was tried for a similar 
crime, convicted, and hung. — Ed.] 


[Cosfs in Case of Sarah Simpson. '\ 

Superior Court at Portsmouth first Tuesday in August 1 739 — 

Dominus Rex — v^ Sarah Simpson 

Bill of Cost 

Before the Justice Complaint & warrant for search 
Serving warrant ....... 

Entring Complaint & taking Examination . 
Constable searching & Guard .... 

Mittimus and Service ...... 

5 women attending at examination Searching &c . 

At this Court Drawing Indictment 

Attorneys Fee ....... 

Entry &c ....... . 

Summons for 20 witnesses ..... 

Service of Summons each 3 shillings . 

19 witnesses attend : at this Court and before Grand Jury 

Kings attorney attending 4 days .... 

Petit Jury ........ 

Taxing ........ 


9: o 
3: o 
15: o 
o: o 
6: o 




o: o 

o: o 
16: o 

8: o 
14: 6 


Exam"^ ^ B Gambling Clerk 

Allow^ Fourteen pounds ten shillings 

A True Copy exam'd 

^^14: 10: o 

f H Sherburne 
B Gambling Clerk 

[Sarah Simpson was executed December 27, 1739, for the murder 
of an infant. — Ed.] 


\Costs in the Case of Penelope Keniiey.'\ 

Superior Court at Portsm° first Tuesday of August 1 739 — 
Dominus Rex v^ : Penelope Kenny — *Bill of Cost 



Before the Justice Complaint & warrant for search & 
attorneys Fee ...... 

Serving the Warrant ...... 

Entring Complaint & taking Examination . 
Constable Searching & Guard .... 

mittimus & service ...... 

5 women attend : at examination searching &c 

At this Court Drawing Indictment 

Attorneys Fee . . 

Entry &c ....... . 

Summons for 1 5 witnesses ..... 

Service of Summons each 3 shillings . 

1 5 witnesses attend : at this Court & before Grand Jury 

Kings Attorney attending 4 days 

Petit Jury 

Taxing ........ 





I : 






12 : 

I : 

12 : 



2 : 








I : 

Exam^ f B Gambling Clerk 

Allow^ Twelve Pounds Fourteen shillings 

A True Copy Exam^ 

;^I2 : 14: o 

f H Sherburne 
B Gambling Clerk 

[Penelope Kenney was executed at Portsmouth December 27, 1739, 
for the murder of an infant. — Ed.] 

[3-98] [^Action of the Legislature on the Foregoing.^ 

ffeb 1 2th 1 741 : In the House of Representatives voted there be 
allowed and p'^ the Sum of £6^. 3. 3 for this Mem° 

James Jeffry Cle"" ass™ 

In Counc^ feb 18 174 1/2 Read and Concurr'd R Waldron SeC^ 

Feb: 18: 1741. assented to B Went worth 

In the House of Representatives march 20*'' 1741, upon Reconsid- 
ering the vote of the 1 2^*^ Curr' Voted That the Sum of Twelve 
pounds twelve Shillings be Alowd and Paid in addition To the Sum 
of £,6^. 3. 3 before Voted which is In full of the within memorial 
and that the whole Sum be Paid out of the Tresurry To M"" Benj* 



Gambling Clark of the Sup'^ Court and that he pay the Same to the 
Severall Persons to whom It Respectively becomes Due : 

James Jeffry Cle*" ass"" 

In Council March 20'^ 1741 the within vote of this Day Read & 
Concurrd Theod Atkinson Sec"^ 

march 22*^ Assented to 

B. Went worth 

[3-99] [Bill for Repairs on Fort William and Mary?[ 

Province of New Hampshire to Edw'^ Toogood for work Done on 

Fort W"" & Mary is 

to one Day & half my man Carrying Down Lime ;^-„ 7,, 6 
to I Day my self getting of gundelo & telling 


July y^ 3' 



to 4000 & half of Bricks @ 26/ f M 
7 to 2 days my self John 3 Days 
14 to 6 days my self 8: 6 days John 
21 to 6 Days my self 30/ & 5 John 20/ 

to 20 bushells of Lime . 

to I hand barrow .... 
28 to 12 bushells of Lime . 

to 6 Days my self & 5 days John . 
3^ to 3 Days my self & 3 days John Grifeth 

to I Day my self at Newichawanick 

to I Day my man at oyster river 

I 2 

2„ 15,, 

2„ IO„ 

I„ io„ 

)> 2,, 

-.. i; 




;^I9„ i6„ 6 

ffe^ the 1 2th 1741 : In the House of Representatives: allowed to 
be p"^ only £2,, 10 in full of the accompt 

James Jeffry Cle"" ass'" 

In Coun^ Feb 18 1 741/2 Read and Concurred 

Feb: 18: 1741 Assented to 

R Waldron Sec'^^ 
B Wentworth 



{Letter from Governor Wentzvorth to Board of Trade, MarcJi 6, 


[Copied from the English Archives.] 
My Lords 

I have by this conveyance, Via^ Bristol!, transmitted to your Lord- 
ships, M'' Mitchells Survey of the river Merrimack to Pautucket falls, 
which he has taken with the greatest Accuracy, and tho' it was im- 
practicable to mark out a line, that in every part thereof would be 
exactly three miles north of said river. Yet he has so punctually 
complyd with His Majesty's determination in Council, that there re- 
mains the same quantity of Acres to the Massachusetts, as tho' it 
had been possible to hav-e drawn a line three miles North of said 
river, and the Advantage is, on the side of the Massachusetts, rather 
than in favour of New Hampshire. 

I must begg leave to inform your Lordships that M'' Mitchill is ap- 
pointed by His Majesty Surveyor of the King's Lands in Nova Scotia, 
and for that reason, and his Superior Skill in Surveying, he was 
thought the most proper person to imploy in that part of His Majes- 
ty's determination, in which there was the only difficulty which I 
hope will give weight to his Survey in some certain bends of the river, 
he has been under a Necessity to come Nearer than three miles, and 
in other Suddain turns the Reaches described in his plan, extend Near 
three Miles & a half North of the river, so that there is ample allow- 
ances made from the Mouth of the river to the Pautucket falls, to the 
Massachusetts, to avoid any further dispute with them 

Your Lordships will please to observe that in the course of the 
whole line from the Sea to Pautucket falls, there are only two houses, 
& two barns intersected, which can by no means incommode the inhab- 
itants, as has been represented, more than three parts of the inhabit- 
ants from the Sea to Pautucket Falls since my Arrival have petition 'd 
to be incorporated, into Towns & Parishes, inclineing rather to be 
under the King's Government, than under the Charter Governm^ho' 
before, being influenced by some persons claiming large tracts of 
Land in New Hampshire, they had petitioned to be under the Juris- 
diction of the Massachusetts. 

These particular proprietors, My Lords, were the only Abettors, of 
the pettitions preferd to His Majesty by the Agent M"" Hutchinson, 
whose Authority did not derive so much, from the general disposition 
of the Inhabitants, as from the particular Views of those persons, 
who have, without any Authority, but Superior power, possess'd 
themselves, by Virtue of grants from the Massachusetts, within five 


or Six years, of whole townships ; in the King's Government of New 

There is, My Lords, in none of these grants, any reserve made of 
Pine trees fit for his Majestys use, which as they fall in New Hamp- 
shire must effectually vacate the grants, Since I have discover'd this 
fact I have, as far as my power extends, given the Necessary orders 
to the deputy Surveyors of His Majesty's woods, to appoint proper 
persons to take care that no waste be made in any of these townships, 
in which I hope for your Lordships Approbation. 

On the 12*'' of Dec'' past I arrived in New Hampshire, & the same 
day I published His Majestys Commission with the Usual Solemnity 
& as soon as the time would Admit, I met the Generall Assembly 
which is now siting, after the business of this Session is over I shall 
pay a due obedience to His Majestys instructions by transmitting to 
your Lordships the whole transaction, & I shall in this, & in every 
other respect endeavour to Approve my Self a faithfuU Servant to the 
Crown, & while I do, I shall hope for your Lordships favour & pro- 
tection. I begg leave to Subscribe my Self 

My Lords Your Lordships Most faithfull humble Servant 

Portsmouth March 6'^ 1 741-2 B. Wentworth 

The Risht Hon''^ the Lords Commiss'^' for Trade & Plantations. 
[Enclosing Mr. George Mitchell's Survey of the Merrimack river.] 

[3-100] \Pctition relative to Governor VaugJian, 1742.] 

To His Excellency Penning Wentworth Esq"^ Governor & Commander 
in Chief in & Over His Majesty's Province of New Hampshire the 
Honorable His Majesty's Council & House of Representatives for 
said Province in General Court Convened 

The Petition of William Vaughan of Damaris Cotty in the County 
of York in the Province of Mass^ Bay Gent, Sole Exec"" of the last 
Will & Testament of George Vaughan late of Portsm° In the Prov- 
ince of New Hampshire Esq"" Deceas'd Humbly Shews — 

That the said George Vaughan was Lieu' Governor and Commander 
in Chief from Octob'' Anno 1715 to the same Month Anno 1716 
(Omitting the days in the said Month at the beginnmg & end of the 
said Term) And afterwards Lieu' Governor under Governor Shute 
about fifteen Months, during which time a just & Reasonable Claim 


Accrew'd to him for his attendance upon the Affairs of the Govern- 
ment & the service done by him in that Station for an Adequate 
Compensation — 

That the Poverty of the Province & the Claims thereon in those 
times were Such that the then House of Representatives acknowl- 
edged they could not " Retaliate him according to the Willingness of 
their Minds " — But made him a present only of One years income 
of the Excise in Consideration of Services done before his Claim. 
(Arising as aforesaid) and before his Command & charge of the Fort 
which was about Eighteen Months and in which he was at Expence 
himself for Servants Attendants & other Occasions but no allow- 
ance made to this day for the same which Your Petitioner humbly 
Conceives has not been the Case with Respect to any other Gentle- 
man in such a Station or that has held those Posts in the Province 
even from the beginning of times — 

That the said George Vaughan having Occasion of money had (with 
others) money out of the Treasury upon Loan giving his Bond for 
Security which running upon Interest & not yet paid amounts to a 
considerable Sum & which when taken out of the Estate of the said 
Deceased will greatly prejudice his Heirs — 

That your Petitioner being a Minor in the times before Mentioned 
& long after even till the Decease of his said Testator can give no 
Relation of facts Respecting the Renewing the Said Claim or Shew 
any Reason why it was not Satisfied in the Season of it or Since (Un- 
less his s'^ Testator tho't Discount was good pay) But however that may 
be, as delay is no payment he humbly hopes it will not be be deem'd 
too Stale a Claim to be demanded Especially Considering that is not 
tho't to be the Case with Respect to the Debt demanded from the 
Estate of the said Testator which is near about the same Standing 
— and there is no Difference in an Equitable Consideration, or with 
Regard to Strict Justice, that there was Security in the one Case 
whereby Compulsory methods might be pursued, and the other De- 
pended only upon honour as to the performance thereof — and therefore 
persuades himself from the Justice of this Honorable Court that as 
they have tho't proper to Condescend upon Measures to Recover the 
Debt due to the Government from said Estate they will also consider 
the Grounds & Justice of the aforesaid Claim & make Such an allow- 
ance for the Same as is Right & Equitable — And Accordingly most 
Humbly prays the same may be done or that He may be Relieved in 
Such way and manner as this Hon''''' Court in their Wisdom & Good- 
ness Shall think meet & your Petitioner as in duty bound shall ever 
pray &c 

W : Vaus^han 


In the House of Representatives March the 9th 1741. The within 
Petition Read and Voted that the Said Vaughan be heard thereon 
thiirsday next 3-0' the Clock afternoone 

James Jeff ry Cle'' asse'" 

In Conn' March 11 "^ 1741 beforenoon Read and Concurr'd 

Rich^ Waldron Sec"^ 

Same day a : m : assented to B Wentworth 

In the House of Representatives March ye 12th 1741 The within 
Petition Read and the Petitioner heard by his Council and Voted. 
That Mess""* James Clarkson and Hunking Wentworth be a Commit- 
tee of this House to Joyne Such as the Council Shall appoint, to In- 
quire into the Claims and accounts of M"" W™ Vaughan on ace' of 
what was due to his father Geo Vaughan Esq"" while Liu* Govorn''and 
also to Enquire why the former assembly did not answer the Said Geo. 
Vaughan Esq*" in his life time and make Report of their doings to the 
Gen'' ass"' next Sessions of the Gen" ass'" 

James Jeffry Cle'' ass™ 


[Act Granting Assistance to the Church in Nezv Castle, 1742.] 
Anno Regni Regis Georgii Secundi Magnae Britanniae Francise et 
Hiberinae Decimo Ouinto — 

An act for the payment of the Sum of Forty Shillings Equall to so 
much Proclamation money annually out of the Publick Treasury 
towards the support of the ministry at New Castle in the Prov^ of 
New Hamp"" 

Whereas the meeting House at New Castle in this Prov^ is Conve- 
niently Situated for the Soulders belonging to his Majestys Fort 
William & mary to attend the Publick Worship of God at — 

Be it therefore Enacted by his Excellency the Governour Council 
and Representatives in Gen" Assembly Convened and by the author- 
ity of the Same That there shall be paid annually out of the Publick 
Treasury of this Province the Sum of Forty Shillings in Bills of 
Credit Equall to Proclamation money or So much in old Tenor as 
Shall be Equall thereunto towards the Support of the Gospell minis- 
try at New Castle aforesaid and that the Same Shall be paid to the 
Minister there for the time then being, and that the same fhall be in 
full of all Demands Such Minister may have on this Province for any 
Sum or Sums of money by Virtue of Any Act or Act* or any Para- 


graph or Paragraphs of any Act or Acts heretofore made. And bee 
it further Enacted by the authority aforesaid that the payment of 
Said Sum shall be from the Tenth Day of January Last Past — 

In the House of Representatives Ma"" 26th 1742 The above act 
Read three times & past to be Enacted And"^ Wiggin Speaker 

[The minutes of the House of Representatives of that day state : 
" A vote past to pay 40 s Proclam^ mony pr annum to New Castle, 
But not ended." — Ed.] 

[Governor WentwortJi to Board of Trade, May 25, 1742.] 

[Copied from the English Archives for New Hampshire Historical 


Portsmouth 25''' May 1742 
My Lords 

I take this opportunity by the Wilmington Mastship to transmit to 
your Lordships, M'' Hazzens and M"" Bryants Survey, or plat, of the 
Northern boundarys of the Massachusetts, and New Hampshire, 
which was done at the Charge and Expence of New Hampshire only, 
which with M'' Mitchell's Surv^ey of Merrimack river to Pautucket 
falls, (which I transmitted Via Bristoll & Cap^ Pain) Compleats His 
Majesty's order in Council, agreeable to His Royall determination. 

I beg leave to observe to your Lordships that, this Survey, was 
made entirely at the Expence of New Hampshire, notwithstanding 
the order was given to the Massachusetts, who have hitherto refused 
to pay the least obedience to the Royall order, neither have they to 
this day paid any regard to His Majesties order in Council, for de- 
fraying one half of the Expence of the King's Commission, and the 
Commissioners expence which was to be born Equally between the 
Massachusetts and New Hampshire, so that the whole burthen lies 
on this little Province, which with the load of debt that arose from 
defending the Province against the claims of the Massachusetts has 
involved the Province so much, that the people are scarce able to 
Support under the Charge of it, being never Suffer'd to raise any 
publick money, till now, to defend themselves, but the whole expence 
was Supported by private Subscriptions, which now remains to be 

I have transmitted also by this Conveyance to your Lordships five 
Acts passed in the last Session of the General Assembly Viz, (i) An 
Act, for granting to his Majesty four thousand Seven hundred and 
Twenty pounds, for the Supply of the Treasury. 


(2) An Act for granting to His Majesty two hundred and fifty 
pounds proclamation money towards the Support of His Majestys 

(3) An Act to assertain the value of bills of credit Issued for the 
Supply of the Treasury 

(4) An Act to Assertain the fee of a Messuage and Tract of Land 
Containing Twelve Acres, heretofore Mortgaged by William Vaughan 
To George Walker 

(5.) And An Act, for Emitting ;,^25,ooo in bills of credit Equal to 
so much proclamation money upon loan, and granting the interest 
that shall arise therefrom for and towards the Support of His Majes- 
tys Government, as mentioned in said Act, 

The two latter are of an extraordinary nature and for that reason I 
have Ascented to them with a Suspending Clause till His Majestys 
pleasure shall be Signified thereon. 

The Act for Ascertaining a fee in a Messuage or tract of Land 
from William Vaughan to George Walker, carried so much Justice in 
it, and being so well known, that it passed the Assembly and the 
Council almost unanimously, which induced me to Assent thereto, 
tho', there was some doubt with me in point of Law, but in Equity it 
was very Clear, and Walker can have no relief for about ;^i6oo this 
Currency unless he is relieved by this Act, Your Lordships will see 
by the proper notifications in conformity to His Majestys Instruc- 
tions, and the hearing of the Case, by Council on both sides before 
the Assembly and the Council, that the partys Concerned had time to 
make a proper defence 

What I have to offer to your Lordships, on the Act for emitting 
;£2 5,000, on loan, is, that the money is put on a more Certain foot- 
ing in respect to its fluctuateing, than any former emissions, and that 
no merchant tradeing to this Province from Great Brittain, can in any 
shape be prejudiced, should it fall in value, which I don't conceive 
will ever be the case 

This Government will have comply'd with all the acts for past 
Emissions in December 1742, which none of the other Governments 
have done. 

The last thing I have to offer to your Lordships consideration in 
behalf of the Act, is, that the Province is in a naked and defenceless 
Condition, and Scarce make the appearance of a King's Government, 
being destitute of a house for the General Assembly, or for the Gov- 
ernor ; at least ;!^20,ooo, this currency will be wanting to put the fort 
in a defencible State, Several block houses are wanting to defend the 
infant Settleers and roads to and from the frontiers are absolutely 
necessary, for the Effecting of which it will be impossible to raise 


money on the poles and estates of the Inhabitants, which is the only- 
method of raiseing piiblick money and tho' the people are ready and 
willing to grant a hansome Support to the King's Governor, yet con- 
sidering the present debts of the Province, they are not able to do it. 

Wherefore I should hope your Lordships will be moved compasion- 
ately to consider the case of the Province in their present Situation, 
and give countenance to this Act, in such a manner as in Your Lord- 
ships wisdom may Seem most for His Majestie's Honour and the 
welfare of this Province on which its future prosperity greatly 
depends — 

Agreeable to His Majesty's Instructions the Assembly have Set- 
tled on me ;^250, proclamation money dureing my Administration and 
;!^250, more depends on the Success of the above Act, the assembly 
have also made me two grants in the Treasury bill, of ;^5oo, each this 
currency, and ;^ioo, currency for house rent, all which with the 
(Economy will but Just afford me a decent Support ; I am hopeing 
when the Contests with the Massachusetts are ended and the Prov- 
ince Settled peaceably and quietly. The Province will be in a Condi- 
tion to do more, if I can obtain the Royall leave therefore, in 
obedience to His Majesty s Instructions I have by a Committee of 
His Majesty's Council taken an Account of the Stores in the Fort, 
and the state of the Artilery, which Your Lordships will find is not 
any ways Sufficient to defend the Province, or the trade and naviga- 
tion thereof, more especially the mast Ships that load masts for the 
Royall navy are greatly exposed, by the naked and defenceless Con- 
dition the fort is in, a great part of the Guns, and all the carriages 
are useless, and unfit for Service, I would therefore hope His Majesty, 
will take the defenceless state of this Province into Consideration 
and grant Such Supplies of stores as in his great wisdom may be 
thought necessary for its defence — I have the Honour to be 

My Lords Your Lordships most faithful! Servant 

B Wentworth 

[Endorsed] Rec'^ August y^ 2*^ ) Received from 

.Read — y'' 4''' ) ''^ Cap* Thomlinson 

New Hampshire — Letter from Gov"" Wentworth transmitting 5 
Acts with his observations thereon, and inclosing 

Plan of the Boundaries by R. Hazzen 

Plan of the Boundaries by W. Bryant 



{Commissioners to Survey and Mark a Road from Connectictit River 
to Merrimack River, 1742.] 

Province of New Hampshire 

Srs You are hereby Impower'd at the most Convenient Season of 
the year, to Imploy four faithfull men in whom you can Confide &c 
to Survey & mark out a Suitable & Convenient Road from Connecti- 
cut River beginning to the Northward of No 4 so called, allso to 
remark a Suitable & Convenient Situation for the Erecting a fortifi- 
cation on Said Connecticut River, & from said River to run due East 
to the River Called Merrimack, if the Land will admit of it, if it will 
not, then it may be varied to the Northward or to the Southward, so 
as to make the road more Commodious, and you are directed to make 
a return hereof unto the Secretarys office as Soon as you can with 
Conveniency. Given at Portsmouth December y^ 4*'' 1742 — 

B Wentworth 

To Josiah Willard Esq*" & Ebenezer Hinsdell 

\_Governor WentivortJi to Board of Trade, December ^, 1742.] 

[Copied from Colonial Correspondence, Public Record Office of 


Portsmouth December 8^^ 1742 
My Lords 

I have the Honour to acknowledge the receipt of your Lordships 
letter to me of 27''' July past, and shall punctually comply with the 
directions therein given, as soon as the officers of the respective 
offices furnish me with their Accounts. 

His Majestys Instructions direct that the proceedings of the General 
Assembly should be fairly Entered in the Council Books, and that 
the books lay on the Council table, for the perusall of His Majestys 
Council, which I directed should be done, but the Secretary declared 
that there was no book, or books belonging to the Council that he 
knew of, & that hitherto the records of Council had only been kept in 
loose papers, part of which were lost, & others destroyed by fire, 
Upon which I prevailed on the Assembly to provide a Set of books, 
& shall take care in future that every transaction shall be fairly en- 
ter'd from my Arrival in the Government in Conformity to the Kings 


What ])assed before my time I hope Your Lordships will not 
expect from me. 

In obedience to your Lordships Commands I shall transmit all Oc- 
currances in the Government from the 17'^ of March 1740, allso the 
Naval Officers Accounts, who hitherto has only sent them to the 
Commissioners of His Majestys Customs. The Receiver Generals 
Accounts remain unadjusted, there being a dispute in some of his 
charges between him & the Assembly, which being left to a Commit- 
tee of both houses to adjust, I hope to have very soon Settled & de- 
liver'd to me, also the receiver generall of the powder ; received from 
November 1731 by Virtue of an Act of this Government, all which 
shall be transmitted to your Lordships by His Majestys Ship the 
Deptford, now loading masts for the Royall Navy in this Port. 

The great Confusion L found in all the Offices in the Government 
on my Arrival has hitherto prevented my complying with my duty, 
and I would hope your Lordships will receive that as an excuse for 
my delay, promiseing that when these disorders are regulated, I shall 
punctually Comply with my Obligations in that respect 

By His Majestys 42^^ Instruction I am ordered to take to my Assist- 
ance the Surveyor General of His Majestys woods or his deputys, to 
make inquiry after certain tracts of Lands within this Province, iit to 
be reserved as a Nursery for Masts, Yards & Bowsprits for the Royal 
Navy, In obedience thereto I directed the Deputy Surveyors of His 
Majestys woods to make a diligent inquiry, by themselves, & others, 
from whom they could get the best information, and I now transmit 
the said Deputy Surveyors report thereon to your Lordships ; On 
which report I begg leave to Observe, that tho' there is yet left in 
New Hampshire a great quantity of trees, fit for His Majestys Use, 
Yet there is not any great body in any one place, that I can yet dis- 
cover. Except on a river called Piscataquoagg, which I am but this 
day informed of and on that river and on its borders are Narraganset 
N 3 & 5 New Boston, & Halestown, granted by the Massachusetts 
without any reserve of Mast trees for the Royall Navy 

I shall make it my particular care to make a further inquiry, regard- 
ing a Tract of Land for a Royal Nursery, which I shall make a better 
discovery of, when any New towns are Survey'd, and in all grants 
that I make, I shall not only reserve all pine trees, but give directions 
to the Surveyors who plan the towns out, to take an exact Account 
of the certain Number of pine trees fit for His Majestys use, growing 
within said township, which shall be inserted in the plan and lodged 
in the Secretarys Office, & that the preservation of Such trees shall 
be one tenure by which the grantees hold their Land, This is an Ex- 
pedient I have tho't upon, & I hope it will greatly tend to the preser- 


vation of His Majesty s woods, & I shall be glad if it meets with your 
Lordships Approbation. 

In the years 1735 & 36 the Government of the Massachusetts 
granted Near forty townships in the Lands then in dispute with New 
Hampshire ; and altho' that Government claimed only three Miles North 
of Merrimack, yet their grants extend more than fiffty Miles north 
of the West line, from Pautucket falls, and I have good Authority to 
represent to your Lordships, that all the Lands between Merrimack 
& Connecticut rivers, that are fit for Settlements, are Erected into 
townships by the Massachusetts, or granted to private persons or for 
private uses, in none of which grants is there any reserve made of 
Mast trees for his Majestys Use, Neither is there one of these towns 
regularly Settled, Notwithstanding ; many of the Proprietors are pe- 
titioning His Majesty to confirm said grants, others have refused to 
joyn in the petition & wait the Event, and some few have petitioned 
this Government for a Confirmation of the Massachusetts grants but 
I am apprehensive it is not in my power to confirm any grant made 
by that Government, If I govern my Self by His Majestys Instructions. 

On my first Arrival, I was in Expectation of haveing the affairs of the 
Government Settled before this day haveing informed your Lordships 
in my first letter, that all the Inhabitants from the Sea to Pautucket 
falls, had Petitioned, to be incorporated into townships. Accordingly 
I began regularly at the Sea and incorporated one township by the 
name of South Hampton, to the Satisfaction & Content of all the 
Inhabitants, upon which some of the Inhabitants of the Massachusetts 
Stired up a great Number of the Petitioners to this Government, in 
Conjunction with some of the proprietors of the New Towns, to Pe- 
tition his Majesty to confirm them in their grants from the Massa- 
chusetts, which has created a great uneasiness in this Province and 
tends greatly to prevent its increase. And unless it should be his 
Majestys pleasure to put an end to Applications of this Nature, It will 
be Impossible for me to carry His Royall Instructions into Execution. 

New Hampshire sits down by His Majestys determination, & have 
Shewed the greatest obedience thereto, by paying the whole Expence 
of running & marking out the boundarys in Exact conformity to the 
Royal determination, and therefore think it a great hardship, that the 
Massachusetts should lead them into any New Charge, in a dispute 
that had Subsisted near fourscore years and which has been so Sol- 
emnly determined 

But should it be his Majestys pleasure to condescend to any alter- 
ation on the West line, I would humbly offer to your Lordships that 
there should be also an alteration in the North line upon Ncwichwan- 
nock river in favour of the Crown, as is marked in one of the Com- 


missio''* plans herewith transmitted to your Lordships, by which will 
be Secured to His Majesty in the bend of Newichwanock River, the 
only & greatest growth of Mast trees in all America, which being 
reserved might Serve the Royall Navy for generations yet to come, 
in this bend of the river was Granted a township, called Towow 
marked in the plan, & I am informed that According to the tenor of 
the Grant it reverts to the Massachusetts for want of proper Improve- 
ments, which I have Advised Governor Shirley of, and I am very 
well assured he will not Strengthen that grant by any Act of His, 
after the receipt of my letter, & if I am rightly Informed there is not 
a Single house built, or one acre of Land Improved in the whole town- 
ship : but the people to whom it was • granted reserve this body of 
timber not to be equal'd in any part of the world, for their own pri- 
vate lise, & claim it as a private property 
My Loras 

It is of the last consequence to the peace, as well as to the Strength- 
ening the frontiers of this Province, that there should be a Speedy 
Issue to the Applications of the Massachusetts, Haveing at this time 
near forty Petitions from the Inhabitants of this Province, & the 
Neighbouring Governments, for New Townships, but I have not ven- 
tured to make one grant fearing I should interfere with the grants 
made by the Massachusetts, & thereby lead the people into innumer- 
able & endless contentions, I hope therefore your Lordships will 
think it worthy your Consideration to give me directions how I shall 
proceed in that matter, haveing hitherto Acted with the utmost cau- 
tion, lest I should construe my Instructions beyond what was intended 
to be his Majestys Will & Pleasure. 

On the 15^^ of May 1742, I transmitted my reasons to His Grace 
the Duke of Newcastle for Suspending Richard Waldron Esq"" one of 
His Majestys Council, & should at the Same time have recommended 
a person in his room but I thought it my duty to wait a proper time 
for his Graces approbation, besides the reasons offer'd to His Grace, 
that Gent™ has allways been an opposer of His Majestys Interest in 
the Kings words, an Enemy to the Constitution of this Government. 
Imediately under the Crown, and from his behavior in every respect, 
I could not confide in him to advise or Act where the Interest of the 
Crown or Government lay at Stake ; I do therefore with your Lord- 
ships Approbation recommend Theophilus Smith Esq"" a Native of 
this Province, & a man of Good reputation & Estate to succeed 
Richard Waldron Esq'' 

I have by this Conveyance Transmitted to your Lordships my An- 
swer to the Several Queries relateing to New Hampshire, which I 
have endeavoured to do from my own knowledge & the best informa- 


tions I could have, in every particular. If I have omitted anything, 
or have not been particular enough in my present Answer, I shall use 
my diligence to Amend it in my Next. I begg leave to Subscribe 
my Self, My Lords. 

Your Lordships Most faithfull Servant 

B Wentworth 
The Right Honourable the Lords Commissioners for Trade & Plan- 


\Report of the Lords of Trade and Plaiitatioiis on sovic Acts Passed 
by the Legislature of Nezv Hampshire, 1743.] 

To the Kings most Excell' Majesty May it please your Maj"^ — 

We have had under our Consideration three Acts passed in your 
Maj"^^ Province of New hampshire in April 1742. 

We have also consulted M*" Fane, one of your Maj*'^^ Council at 
Law upon the Said act, who has no Objection to any of them in Point 
of Law, but we must beg leave humbly to represent to your Majestic — 

That, in the Act Entituled, An Act for granting unto his most 
Excels Maj^'^, the sum of four thousand Seven hundred & twenty 
Pounds in Bills of Credit on this Province Equal to So much Pro- 
clamation Money, for Supplying the Treasury, for Discharging the 
publick Debts, and for other Purposes in this Act hereafter mentioned 
& for appropriating & Drawing in of the Said Bills into the Treasury 
againe — 

There is a Clause directing the different Times & Proportions of 
Drawing in the Said Bills into the Treasury againe, whereby the first 
payment, of any Part of those Bills is to be in May 1744: & the 
last to be compleated in 1749 : by a Tax to be levyed on Poles & Es- 
tates, Real & Personal, of the Inhabitants, which is an anticipation of 
the Taxes of the years 1744 : 45 : 46 : 47 : 48 : 49 : & will continue 
the Currency of Some part of those Bills till the End of y^ yeare 1749 

There is likewise a Clause whereby "The Inhabitants are allowed 
to pay the Tax to be levyed on them for drawing in the Said Bills in 
Commodities of y** produce or Manufactory's of this Province," which 
Sort of paym' we apprehend may cause an annual Deficiency in Said 
Taxes, But for as much as there is a Clause which provides. That 
Such Deficiency Shall be made good, the Subsequent years, and as 
the Sum Emitted by this Act do's not am° to that allowed for the 
Curr^ Service of this Province by your Maj''"^^ Instructions, we would 


humbly Submit whether the Said Act may receive your Majesties 
Royal approbation — 

That the Act Entituled An Act for ascertaining the Value of the 
Money & of the Bills of Publick Credit of this Province granted this 
present yeare for the Supply of the Treasury & for Securing the 
Credit of the Said Bills : being calculated to Support the Credit of 
the Bills, Emitted by the preceeding act, and relative to the Same, 
We are humbly of opinion that, if your Maj''^ Should be pleased to 
approve of the first act this also may receive your Maj"^*" Approbation — 

That the Next act for Emitting the Sum of twenty five thousand 
Pounds in the Bills of Credit on this Province Equal to So much 
Proclamation Money, upon Loan, and for granting to his Maj''^ the 
Interest that Shall arise thereby, for the purposes in the Said Act 
mentioned : w'^^ Sum is to~ be called in at different Periods, the last 
Ending in the yeare 1752 : is intending to accommodate the Inhabit- 
ants of New Hampshire with a Certaine Quaintity of Paper Currency, 
by a Governm* Loan at 6 "^ C* upon Mortgage of their Real Estates, 
& from the Interest arising thereby, to defray certaine Expences of 
Governm' viz* Part of the Govern''® Sallary, repairing & Building Forts 
a State house, cutting Roads, Errecting a Light House, repairing the 
Prison & other Publick Charges, which will Create a Paper Currency 
in this Province much more Extensive than what is allowed by your 
Maj*^^ & Instructions, whereby they are restrain 'd from having any more 
than Six thousand Pounds Paper Bills Curr* at one and the Same 
time, for which Reason we Cannot lay this Act before your Maj'^^for 
your Royal approbation : However, we think our selves obliged to 
inform you Maj"*^ That we have been attended on this occasion by the 
Principle Merchants Trading to the Province of Newhampshire, and 
having had some Discourse with them upon the Said acts we find, 
That they are of opinion " That the Sum of twenty five Thousand 
Pounds proposed to be Emitted by those acts will not be more than 
is absolutely necessary to carry on the Trade and Business of this 
Collony, and will be the best means to prevent the base Papper Cur- 
rency of other Provinces from becoming the Medium of Trade in this. 
That they do not apprehend the distant Periods fixed for calling in 
the Said Bills "or any other Matters contained in those Acts, can 
prejudice them, as the Act for ascertaining the Value of Money 
and the Bills of Publick Credit, will remove the Evill which has hith- 
erto, arose from the New England paper Currency by Securing any 
Creditor the true Value of his Just Debt " — 

" That they are also of opinion that the Speedy emission of Such 
a Sum as is here proposed to be Emitted is absolutely necessary for 
the Security of this Province and the Valuable Ships constantly 


Trading there with masts, yards, & Bowspits for'your Maj^^^^ Royal 
Navy and of the whole Trade and Navigation of this Collony as may 
more fully appeare by a Coppy of their Representation hereunto 
annexed " all which is humbly Submitted 

Whitehall ffe^ 4th 1742/3 Edw^ Ash 

M-- Bladen 
R Plumer 
Copy B Keene 

A Paragraph of M"" Agent Thomlinsons Letter 

The Loan Bill being contrary to the Gov''^ Instructions, the Lords 
cannot Lay it before his Maj''" for his approbation, However they 
have Annexed the Representation of the Principle Merchants 
Trading to your Province to their Report and have prayed for a 
Coppy of it, in Order to delay the Consideration of it untill 
I can take the most adviseable Steps to have it properly con- 
sidered by the Committee And I am not yet without hopes of Suc- 
cess — I have also been at Some charge and a great deale of trouble 
at the Council ofBce, and board of Ordinance upon your application 
for Stores, and his Majesties orders are that an Ingineere Should be 
Sent, if not one in the Country already, to Survey the Fort and Guns, 
and Send an account w* Gunns will be proper to Send over, as they 
Suppose the old Guns are not fitt to be trusted to, and also to Direct 
you in repairing the Fort. This Report I must pay the fees of and 
it had been Sent to M'' Basteed the Ingineere by this conveyance, 
but choose to keep it here, until your Money Bill is considered, to 
Shew what we are to do, and which we cannot do without his Majesty 
Shall approve of the Loan Bill, I Shall not leave one Stone un- 
turn'd to get this Bill approv'd however I may Succeed — 

[Endorsed] Lord of Trade's Report on Three Money Bills : passed 
in N. Hamps'' in Ap"" 1742 — & a Paragraph in M'' Agent Thomlin- 
son's Letter — 4 Feb. 1742-3. 

[3-104] \Attorney-Gcncral Livennore s Opinion, 1743] 

Sr In obedience to his Excell>'^ Command I have considered the 
Querys and Table of Fees you Sent me, the Sixth Instant, and my 
Opinion upon them is as follows. Namely as to the first Query which is 

"Whether the Govorn""^ assent to an Act for Establishino- a new 


" Table of Fees, Fines & Forfeitures will not Superseed alter or Re- 
"peal Acts already in Force relating to the Fines & Forfeitures" 

My opinion is, That the Govorn''^ assenting to Such an act, will 
during the Continuance of Such act, Supersede all other acts in force 
(at the Time of passing Such Act) relating to Fees Fines & Forfeit- 
ures, but not Repeal them without Special words for that purpose — 

As to the 2"^ which is, "Whether a Publick act can be Drawn upon 
" different matters without providing for the Same by different acts, 
"and without intermixing in one and the Same act things that have 
"no relation to Each other" 

My Opinion is, that a Publick act may be Drawn upon Different 
matters without providing for the Same by different acts but not 
without intermixing in one and the Same act Such different things 
as have no Relation to Each other — 

As to the 3^^, Which is, " Whether an act can be drawn to alter the 
" Fees already Established by Law and to fix a New Table (agreeable 
" to the Table of Fees Exhibited by the Committee to the Gen' Court) 
" Such act appearing to be new in it Self & not mentioning any 
"former act or acts, as will not Supersede or Repeal an act or acts at 
"the Same time in force relating to Fees " 

My opinion is. That Such an act cannot be drawn, but it will dur- 
ing its continuance Supersede an act or acts in force at the time of 
passing Such act, relating to Fees but not repeal the Same without 
Special words for that purpose 

Province of New hampshire December the 7^'^ 1/43 
The above I humbly offer as my Opinion upon the foregoing Que- 
rys, and am his Excell^'^ most obedient humble Serv^ 

Matthew Livermore Att Gen' 
To Theo'^ Atkinson Esq"" Sec*^ for the Province of Newhamps"" 
Copia Exam'^ "^ James Jeffry Cle"" ass*" 

\^JoJin TJi07nlinson to TJicodore Atkinson.~\ 
[Belknap Papers, Vol. I., p. 62,.] 

London, 21 Jan^ 1737-8. 
Theodore Atkinson, Esq. 

Sir — I have now to answer your favours of the 9"^ & 14 of December 
pr Capt. Romans, and shall send you those goods you write for by 
one of the Spring Ships, but fears shall not be able to pay the draught 
you propose sending on me of Eighty, for at present hath not the 


least prospect of coming into any money for either Mr. Wentworths 
ship or his Cargoe, and suppose we could sell them I fear even then 
he hath drawn more than they will neat, several of his bills I have 
already sent back which I am surpri'^ at his drawing, for his Capt. and 
his son could have told him how things were here — I am sorry for 

You nor any of my friends hath not been so kind as to take any 
notice to me what you have done in the affair of the lines, I really 
think that (at last) was Due to me, and without you are determined 
to drop the affair you ought by the very first opportunity to have sent 
me those materialls that the Assembly hath prepared : that we might 
have been first in y*^ affair, which is here a principle point, and the 
Extra Treatment you have met w"' in the execution of his Maj^^^ 
Commission would have turned out (if I am not much mistaken) very 
much to your advantage. 

I dont know what the Coll° is about or does he seam Resolved, and 
when I have put it to him If he would have the Gov'^' of N. Hamp- 
shire, supposing we should obtain a division, he will not Resolve : 
what other views he may have I know not. I heartily wish him well, 
and I fear very much, he hath not a Right way of thinking or soliciting 
in his own affairs, and I am afraid not any thing like the Interest I ex- 
pected he had. However you will not take notice of what I say on 
this head, least our enemies triumph, and it may still happen (if I 
have any materialls soon from you) that he may come out Gov*" for 
your Province. The Mass^ augmenting the number of their Agents 
dont at all Discourage me, altho' they are endeavouring to play you a 
sly trick I shall doe all I can to prevent it, Tho' they do not think I 
have the least notice of it. 

If when these come to hand, if you should have despatched papers 
so as to be here in all this month, And as perfect as you could let me 
have a list of such as you, Mr. Jeffreys Mr. Rindge &c, would have 
in the Council & in the Room of whome : While I was at Bath I 
heard that Gambling was dead, and wrote Coll. Dunbar how he should 
put John Rindge in his Roome : But not being done when I came 
to town I imediately got him recommended, and he will be approved 
of by his Maj'y the next Council ; and I hope shall send his mandamus 
by one of the first ships for Boston : how agreeable it may be to him 
I know not, but I should think that in your present situation it were 
incumbent on you and your friends, to write me as soon as a vacancy 
happens in the Council, who you would have it filled up with. I hear 
my friend Richard Wibird hath a desire, if you should think him 
proper I will endeavour to get him Recommended to his Maj'^. Please 
to give my service to him and let him know so much. 


I have just now heard that Rhoad Island designs to change their 
agent, because the Massachusetts has appointed him one of theirs 
(and I think they will be in the right of it) so I should be glad that 
you would write to your friends at Rhode Island in my favour, I think I 
am situated to doe them as much service as any body, it mio-ht at 
least be a means of bringing me into some of the Business of that 
country : I shall allways be ready to acknowledge all obligations of 
that nature and am 

Sir, your most Hum' serv' 

John Thomlinson. 

[The Belknap Papers are in the possession of the New Hampshire 
Historical Society. A portion of them were printed in Vols. IV. and 
v., and the remainder, which seem to be of equal value, will be 
inserted in this volume. — Ed.] 

[Mr. Paris to Mr. Thomlinson, 1737.] 
[Belknap Papers, Vol. L, p. 65.] 

Sir — Two nights agoe I received great heaps of papers from you 
about the lines & have since been 4 times at the Coll° office & Board 
of Trade to discover what I could in this imperfect affair, But can- 
not see the case (which has come over to the Board of Trade) till 
after Tuesday next. Notwithstanding w'^'' I have (as well as I can 
without proper materialls) drawn up a long pet" of Appeal to his 
Maj'y, and as the Massachusetts have not yet presented theirs I send 
you the Dra* of it now to settle, and hope too shall have our Appeal 
(as well as the Pettition from the New Hampshire Assembly) in be- 
fore the Massachusetts gets theirs in. Had your principalis consid- 
ered the great consequence & advantage of being first, surely in all 
this time they would have sent you a copy of their proceedings, in 
order to have enabled us to be first, but as it is I am forced to g'ess 
at matters & affirm facts at adventure or upon dubious passages in 
letters which is a sad way of proceeding, & I wish we dont mistake 
some facts. They oblige us to make brick without straw. 

I beg of you to write them immediately : 

I am told the Com''^ adjourned their Com" to i aug. 1738. If it 
be so I desire y"" Principalis to get it adjourned from 3 months to 3 
months. One Com"" is sufficient for that purpose by the Commission, 
which can be no great expense, and one does not know what Turn the 
matter may take, it may be sent to the Comissioners again — and 


then unless they keep this Com" alive by continuall adjournm'^ they'l 
be put to the heavy charge of sueing out a new Commission again. 
I wonder they would not send me my papers w* I sent them the * 
1677 & 1678 and the first Com" to a Gov"" of New Hampshire & 
the Att® & Soli"^ Genneralls opinion, &c. And above all things why 
did not they send a Coppy of their own Appeal, for want of it I have 
been forced to g'ess what that appeal was from loose passages in Mr. 
Atkinson's Letter. 

If we had treated this affair so on this Side it would never have 
came to what it is now. As to the pretended votes of Assembly, I 
never saw such irregular scrips of papers in my life, some signed some 
not signed, none attested to be votes of Assembly. 

This was in their power to have sent Regularly. But as they are 
now sent its impossible to have one of them read. There are num- 
bers of mistakes in them allso. Some dated in the beginning in 1735, 
and at the end of the same paper in 1737. 

Begg them imediately to order an exact coppy to be made of all 
their votes (in genneralj from the 31 March 1737 down to the end of 
Ocf 1737, & to be made fair at full length,with the title of each days 
votes to be copied out in one large Book, and to be copyed very fair 
by a good hand, and at the end lett them be attested by y*" clerk of y® 
Assembly and if you can't have the great Seal to them let them be 
also attested by the Speaker of the Assembly, to be true coppys of 
all the votes of the Assembly of N. Hampshire from such a day to 
such a day contained in so many foregoing pages. It will be a sad 
thing if you cannot get the Seal to them, and if not, I dont know we 
shall be able to Read them here as Evidence. 

The next best Authority (if we want the Seal) that I can think of 
is, that some body coming hither should either Examine them with 
the Minute Books (so as to be able to swear here that they examined 
them themselves and that they were true Coppys, and that they saw 
the Speaker & the Clerk of the Assembly sign them) or else to take 
some passenger who is coming hither and let him see & attest to the 
swearing by the Speaker & Clerk before some Magistrate whom he 
knows has power to administer an oath, that the Speaker & Clerk did 
make oath to the Truth of those Copys. 

Had those votes come here Regularly and authentically his Excel- 
lency wo'd have been shaken quite down in a few weeks by them. 
You'l observe I have laid it on him pretty handsomely in my petition 
to the King. 

If your Friends are in earnest they ought not to loose one hour in 
sending over all those matters in the manner I have mentioned. 

[*0ne word I cannot make out. — Ed. ] 


The votes as now sent are rather Historical Certificates of what 
was done in Assembly and in Co'^ in New Hampshire, and what was 
done in the Assembly of Massachusetts & before the Commiss''^ than 
meer votes of the Assembly of New Hampshire 

There is no minute of the proroguing the New Hampshire Assem- 
bly on 2^ Sept. However to cure that let them send the whole Reg- 
ularly as well what does not as what does relate to the matter. 

I believe it would save you Trouble to send this letter immediately 
to them, and am. Sir, your most obed' hum^ Serv' 

Fred John Paris. 

Surry Street, Saturday morning 4"^ Feb^ i737 — 

Surely to Copys of Minutes & Votes the Gov"" would put the Seal 
if desired. 
To Mr. John Thomlinson. 

\Thonilinso}i to Atkinson. ^^ Copy "^ Shepheardson.'''\ 

[Belknap Papers, Vol. I., p. 6'j.'\ 

London, 10 Feb^, 1737 — 
Theodore Atkinson, Esq. 

Sir, — I wrote you largely last month by the way of New York so 
shall not here trouble you with Business, defering that untill Capt. 
Homans shall sail. What I chiefly design here is to press you and 
Mr. Jaffrey to give your r.ttmost assistance to Messrs Wiggan and 
Rindge, who will communicate to you my Letters &c. &c. by this 
Ship, and that you will without any noise or contention goe directly 
to work, and dont let any trifling difficultys prevent your doing di- 
rectly all and every thing Mr. Paris hath given you directions about, 
and let no reports or Terrors of your Enemies deter you, and the 
order sent him, G. B. to answer your Memmorial was sent him for 
very good purposes, howe'er he may take it, and let us but have 
proper materials as you have had directions and dont be in any pain 
about the success of your affairs upon the hearing, and be as carefull 
as possible of giving any offence to y'^ Gov'' in the mean time ; and 
could you but be made truely Senceable of the good disposition that 
appears in several of the Laws of his Maj*>'^ Privy Council to doe you 
strict justice, you would Labour night and day untill you have p'fectly 
done & dispatched every thing we want from you. You will com- 
municate this only to Mr. Jaffrey, for I find secrecy and quietness is 
necessary in all affairs of this nature, here, as I am sure it must be 


much more so in your present sittuation. I assure you nothing shall 
fail here by my neglect. I am 

Sir, your most Hum^ Serv* 

John Thomlinson. 

Pray send me the names of those Councillours that was present & 
passed y^ votes for no appeal. It may be of use here. 

I believe you may be easy about any land that hath been granted 
away* since his Maj'>'^ Commission was obtained for settling the 

•Suppose Kings-wood. 

\Atkinson to Thovilinson, 1738.I 

[Belknap Papers, Vol. I., p. 6^.'\ 

Portsm" New Hamp"' May i6''\ 1738. 
Sir — Since my last I have had an opportunity to see how Gov*" 
Belcher & his friends rec'^ the copy of the Assembly's memoriall to 
his Maj*y in Council. You will by this Ship see the Difficulty that 
attended their affairs in geting the votes of the House certifyed & 
after waiting 10 days were disapointed at Last, so that unless the 
method they have taken will be allowed they have no way to prove 
their allegations. The Gov' Party at the same time have been very 
Industrious in making his reply & if we are not wrongly informed 
intend to prove this People here as factious not only now but in for- 
mer administrations, that they were so in Gov"" Shutes & Burnets 
time & that the Speaker that is now at the head of this memoriall was . 
displaced by Gov"" Shute & that he hath ever since carry'd on a mali- 
cious party cause ; that he was Displaced by Gov"" Shute from the 
Comission of Peace is certain & by a misrepresentation made ag*' 
him which the very next time he came into the Gov'ment he was truly 
sensible of & restored him, he was then only Capt. of the militia & 
a Justice of the Peace & a Representative for the Town of Stratham. 
Soon after this he was not only restored to his justice place, but had 
a Coll. Comission of the Militia, a Judge of the Superiour Court of 
Judicature — this from the Gov*" & Council, and soon after was cho- 
sen Speaker of the House, which last he hath had the Hon"' to Sus- 
tain by a great majority of votes ever since, tho' the Assembly hath 
been so often disolved, — 'tis true Gov"" Belcher in a very Extraordi- 
nary manner dismissed him from all his Imployments by a Letter read 
in open Sessions, which Letter he hath Endeavoured to get a copy 


of but 'tis not to be found. Coll. Dunbar had a copy of it & sent it 
to the Board of Trade in which it would appear he never had the 
advice of the Council but sent orders from Boston, ex mere motu. 

As to the People of the Province being factious or contentious his 
Speech will contradict him. There he says that we had Done every 
thing that could be expected from a Loyall People, & upbraided the 
Massachusetts with the same, & I am sure never any compl' either 
by or ag^' the people was ever before his Maj'^ till his administration, 
his friends have been to the representatives to signe ags' the vote 
wherein his administration was voted a grievance nem"^ Con. What 
Encouragement they had at Dover and Exeter I know not, but I be- 
lieve no other member of that house were they now sitting but would 
vote the same. 'Tis industriously reported about the Govern'm' that 
those Persons that signed the remonstrance would be sent to England 
in Irons, this is Done in order to make them recant, however those 
that signed it I believe will scarce be fearfull of what they have Done 
they are are appointed by the House from several Towns, no two of 
one Town & the number so large as seven, what is often a majority 
of a House, that in case of any Dispute of its being the oppinion of 
the Governm' it might not look like the oppinion of a few & the 
Speaker of the House for that reason was appointed as one at whom 
they seem to point their spleen in a particular manner, now he hath 
been allways remarkable for his Loyalty & Duty to the King as well 
as Love to his country, his family & Estate oblige him to the Lat- 
ter & his Principles & Inclination to the former, he hath been con- 
stantly in the House for more than twenty years w[h]ere he behaved 
so well that he hath been for more than 12 years Speaker, in all the 
changes we have had in that Time. I tho't myself obliged to write 
thus much of Coll. Wiggin that you might know when he is repre- 
sented in wrong colours. 

I should be sorry if what the Comittee hath sent should be rejected 
as not authentick. I think the most they complain of is in Gen^' 
terms his being arbitrary & Partiall — the first is plain by his dis- 
posing of all Civil offices & Imployments without the concent of the 
Council which he hath never asked since I have had the hon"" of 'a 
place at that Board, & I believe were the Journalls of the Council 
(which he does or ought to send home Quarterly or half yearly) 
viewed, there would be no mention of the Council in any appointm'. 
His Denying the Seal or putting such a Clog to it as renders it use- 
less to the subject — his declaring himself the Judge of the Elections 
& Ouallifications of the members return'd to serve in the House, be- 
sides his many Dissolutions of the Assembly, which tho' absolutely 
in his power, yet if Done to force the People into his way of Thinking 


may be looked upon as arbitrary ; as to his being Partial!, the whole 
of the affair at Hampton which Mr. Parris hath a just notion of will 
make that point clear togeather with a natural reason for his being so, 
for if the Massachusetts gives him ;;^iooo, to deny us an agent.'' an 
appeal, money & time — to allow them all those things he is paid for 
his partiality. He did not meet the Assembly on the 3^^ of this Inst, 
but gave out the House would be prorogued till July next but never 
Issued his Proclamation in the newspapers, till the Day the House 
were Prorogued to & then finding the Speaker & majority of the House 
were in Town after the Time appointed for their meeting the Secre- 
tary posted up his Proclamation upon the Door of the House 'tis be- 
leived the Gov"" intended the Assembly should Drop by not meeting, 
& that no Proclamation would have appeared had not the members 
have been in Town, for not one of the Gov"^* friends appeared. 
Whether this was the scheme or not I know not but the Assembly 
now stands Prorogued till the 13^^ July next, had they met they might 
Probably have Enforced their Compl' * I presume Mr. Jaffrey & 
Peirce writes you by this Ship to which I beg leave to refer you, — 
& am, Sir, Your very Hum^ Serv* 

Theodore Atkinson. 

I hope the Jerseys being seperated from N. York will be a Pressi- 
dent for us, their Constitutions were the same, ours widely differing. 

[Endorsed] Letter to Mr. Thomlinson abo' Speaker Wiggins 

* I have 1'^ of the Comiss''^ & other affairs of the Lines, or at least attempted it, which now 
lay shamefully unpaid & will continue so I fear while Gov'' Belcher sustains his Comission. I 
write Coll. Dunbar which he will communicate. 

\TJiomlinson to Atkinson, 1738. '' Copy pr. IV/iztc."] 
[Belknap Papers, Vol. I., p. 72.] 

London 14 July 1738. 
Theodore Atkinson, Esq. 

Sir — I have two of your favours since my last to you of the 2^ 
May and observes the contents, and as the Massachusetts agent & 
Solliciter I believe designs to take the only advantage now left them 
of Delaying the settlement of the Boundarys, pretty well Judging 
what the consequence of the next hearing must be, That is, they will 
let the whole year allowed for Appeals be Expired Before they pre- 


sent theirs, altho' it came here with Coll" Quinsey recly p'pared and 
m.ght have been presented the next day, and they have allready by 
their delay prevented us comming to a conclusive hearing untill late 
in y^ fall. So I have Returned some papers to John Rindge, and 
wrote him fully how to send them more complete, and at all events 
have the Province Seal to them. Take the Gov"" in his own way, that 
is get the Province Seal to those papers as I have Directed by all 
means, and I hope you will give all the assistance you can in doeing as 
I have directed John Rindge, which he will communicate to you. 
Coll. Dunbar says he hath left with you the late Mast contract, and 
that you will favour John Rindge with it a while to compare it with 
some thing I have sent him. I shall shortly write you again and am. 
Sir — your most hum^ Serv' 

John Thomlinson. 

P. S. If Benning Wentworth is with you pray give my service to 
him and tell him that his Creditors here, as well as myself, was in 
hopes that what Mr. Pollard wrote him to Cadiz, would have Brought 
him this way for we are of opinion that if he was now here some- 
thing might be done for him, and his Creditors are now signing a 
Letter of Licence for twelve months which will be signed and in my 
hands in a day or two, in order to Encourage him to come here, to 
see if something cannot be done for him in one shape or other. Capt. 
Pollard can tell him some thing of the affair. 

[Superscribed] To Theodore Atkinson, Esq. at Portsmouth New 

\_JoJin TJioinlinson to Theodore Atkijison, 1738.] 
[Belknap Papers, Vol. I., p. ']'i^.'\ 

London i^' Sepf 1738 
Sir — I have 2 of your favours of 20^ June and one of 17'*^ July 
before me and note the Contents of the two former and have given 
M*" Jones the Inclosed papers he says he hath sent you his account 
curant and you will have mine by the next opportunity. I hope to 
secure you M"" Wentworth's bill of ;!^8o. I was affraid that his tim- 
ber would have layn untill it had been all spoyld, for never was offered 
one penny for it untill yesterday, and think now shall dispose of it at 
a poor price, for long Credit ; but to a very good chapp, but we have 


not absolutely agreed, but I think as good. I am obliged to you for 
giving me every Information you can of the Massachusetts proceed- 
ings that may any ways effect your provinces, but this a most redic- 
ulous one and can do you no hurt alltho the Lawyers here say that y^ 
heirs of Allen hath a right to some part of your province, but how- 
ever that be it will no ways hinder the Settlement of the Boundarys, 
and pray don't be affraid that any tool of Belcher will be set over you 
when the Governments are separated. — I observe what you say con- 
cerning M"" Jaffreys, I have wrote to him & M"" Rindge on that head 
in a few months now we shall have committees of council and we shall 
I hope bring our troublesom affair soon to a determination and shall 
do everything in m}- power to make you easy, and am most truly Sir 
your most obedient hum' Ser* 

John Thomlinson 

Theodore Atkinson Esq"" 

\_Johu ThoviHnsoji to Atkinson, 1738.] 
[Belknap Papers, Vol. I., p. 74.] 

London 8 Feb^ 1738 — 
Sir — This is a very busy time and not having any from you for 
some time past I have only to reffer you to what I have wrote Mr. 
Rindge on the Province affairs and for once let me Begg and Intreat 
you to apply with as much diligence to doing what I have there 
directed as you did while the Commissioners set at Hampton, and I 
hope you will soon receive the fruites of your labour. 

I cannot give you any particular ace* how poor Pike's accounts will 
Turn out here not being able to settle the ships affairs Mr. Parsons 
hath only sent a little paper Book such as you roole up in your pocket 
like a Tobacco pouch and a few loose salors reciepts Mr. Wentworth 
nor myself cannot make any thing of it, we have had a great deal of 
trouble in paying his Seamen I shall as soon as I can render you an 
account of his affairs that shall come into my hands Mr. Wentworth 
and myself hath opened severall letters that were Lodged at my coun- 
try house for him, in one of which was a small bill from Mr. Shurtliff 
and a memorand" for some things which shall ship him very soon. I 
shall soon write you when I shall have more Icasure I am in the 
mean time Sir, your most hum' Serv* 

John Thomlinson 


\TliomHnson to Atkinson, 1738. ^^ Copy pr S/up/iardso?i."^ 
[Belknap Papers, Vol. I., p. 75.] 

Lond^ 23 Feb>' 1738 — 
Theodore Atkinson, Esq. 

Sir — I have just received Two of your favours pr. Capt. Romans, one 
of which contains your remarks on the Committees of the Massachusetts 
Bays proceedings on my Petition of Appeal in behalf of your Province . 
I am sorry that there should be any mistake in s^ Petition of any kinde 
whatever, but that there is, it is solly owing to yourselves, for after 
you had the proceedings of the Commiss''^ Ready to send home, you 
must 'keep them by you, when at the same time you saw the Massa- 
chusetts hurrying away theirs & Coll. Ouinsey, so that the Petition 
was obliged to be drawn from the best account we could gather from 
letters, and other Loose accounts. I have wrote by three or four last 
Ships to Mr. John Rindge which he will shew you. There you see 
the True Sittuation of your affairs, and what you have to do, and if 
you can do it, you may most faithfully expect all your wants redressed 
directly, but if you do not & very correct & p'fect too, I will not tell 
what you have to fear. I am sorry to say that every thing can be 
sent home p'fect from the most Trifling Gov'^ his Majesty hath, and 
not from yours. I know you plead difficulty, but that might be 
pleaded in other places, and your great want is want of application, 
both in considering & doing things, and I think I may without 
vanity say that I have mett with & surmounted more difficultys here 
and took more pains in your affairs here than all you together, and 
Mr. M^entworth will one time or other make you senceable ; you 
will doe well when you send the several papers (we expect from 
you soon) to send with them Gov"' Clarks & Mr. Livistons letters 
which you mention in your letters of the 23 January, or any other 
proofs that the Commissioners had timely notice of their being to 
meet at Hampton on the first of August, that is that they had the 
Coppys of said Commission time enough and allso that Gov"" Belcher 
had notice of the same before he adjurned your house of Represen- 
tatives from the 6*'' July to the 4'^ of Aug*^ and the trouble I now 
give you in doing what you have directions about here, and in Mr. 
Rindge's several letters, is the last and only trouble you can have on 
your side the water, and I must expect that you and all of you, apply 
dilligently to business and let me have every thing correct & perfect, 
and as soon as possible Mr. Waldo hath wrote Mr. Shirley to give 
you any advice and assistance, and to do it gratis, for he sees and 


knows the consequence it must be of both to your and his affairs. 
Therefore I hope you will not at the very last Disapoint, 
Sir, your most hum^ Serv' 

John Thomlinson. 

\TJionilinson to Atkinson, .1740.] 

[Belknap Papers, Vol. I., p. ^6^ 

London 4 April 1740 — 
Sir — These are to Inclose you Invoice and bill of Lading for some 
Spanish and Swedish Iron I had shipt it all Spanish as you directed 
onlv not any squares to be had of that sort so knew that you must 
have square Iron there is double your Quantity on board of Both 
sorts half consigned to M'' Rindge the other half yours so that you 
must divide it exactly between you — as to Robert Pikes affairs it 
will be utterly Impossible for me to settle them untill M'' Parsons 
sends me his accounts, besides we have several Demands from S' 
Christophers for stores and other things supply"^ him there but cannot 
tell what was for the ship Charming Molly or what was for the other 
Vessells that were consigned him while he was there or what was for 
his own account the time and Circumstances of his death was a great 
misfortune to his friends and some to his owners Tho not so much, 
for had he lived the whole ship had been sunk and it is not much 
worse as it is I have paid M"" Plumer his demand on me for your 
Cloths being ;£i6. 6. 6 But I cannot yet settle with y^ People that 
Bought M"^ Wentworths Timber therefore cannot tell you how much 
of his bill of Exchange to you I shall be able to answer they promise 
now soon to do it and so scon as they do shall settle the whole ac- 
count with him and acquaint you how that affair will turn out. 

John Rindge will have acquainted you before this comes to hand 
that your Boundarys are settled and how, and as soon as my Lord 
President is well recovered to finish the report and have it confirmed 
by his Maj*y in Council I shall have something more to write you, but 
by your proceedings you don't seem to want any thing further, but 
Rather Tacitly to desire, with your other countrymen, to continue 
under the most acceptable administration of G. B. Surely if this was 
not the case you would have directly done what I pressed you to do 
in mine of the 20^*^ of August and sent me that directly, and a vote 
as soon as you could obtain one, I could have told you that Mr. B — r 
would not let you have an opportunity to pass such a vote readily, he 


knew better altho' you could not se it, I could see it at this distance, and 
Therefore begg'd of you to do the best you could, and which he could 
not prevent your doing, but your supineness answers his purpose 
Quite as well. It may be If I had drawn a letter myself you might 
have vouchsafed to have got some such slovenly Clerk as John Brad- 
ford to have copy'd it, and sent it home barely legeable, and I have 
abundant reason to wish I had done so, for If we had not had the 
other Letter (Blind as it was) we should have suffered greatly, but 
that cannot serve all purposes, however I hope now I shall have very 
little more to trouble you for, and therefore shall not be again so dis- 
apointed, or shall I say any thing more to you on this head, and am 
Sir, your most hum^ Serv^ 

John Thomlinson 
Theodore Atkinson, Esq. - 

[Superscribed] To Theodore Atkinson Esq"" Merch. In Portsmouth 
New England "^ Cap* Jones. 

YTJiovilinson to Atkittson, 1740.] 
[Belknap Papers, Vol. I., p. j'jT^ 

London 23'' June 1740 
Sir — I have here to acknowledge your fav'" of y^ 9 May, which as 
soon as I received I communicated to Benning, who was with me, 
very sorry for the loss of honest M*" Plumer, however we spent the 
evening with his sorrowfull unkle and Brother, and put things upon 
such a footing with them that we had great hopes of succeeding for 
you, and agreeable to the scheme we had formed M'" Plumer went 
directly to his friends the next morning upon this account, and they 
went imeadiately to Sir Robert Walpole and to some others, but have 
no Encouragement. But are told that they have so many to provide 
for that it cannot be done, neither can it be obtained for a sum of 
money but of the Person whome it shall be given to, and if so it will 
not come at double the money that you propose, for it is Rated high 
here, for after M"" Plumer had got it he was offered ;^8oo sterling 
for it — 

I have nothing to write but to refer you and my other friends in your 
place to what I have formerly wrote them not having had one single 
line from any of them this six months, only the Committees short 
Letter, and short useless Vote, in which Vote, had they only said. 
That for the service of his Maj'^ and the good of the Province they 


desired to be made into a seperate Governm' and they would give the 
Gov"" whome his Maj*y should be pleased to appoint over them to the 
utmost of their ability, &c. And the Committee wrote me agreeable 
thereto, Then by this time you would have had B. W. with you, and 
with such instructions as it would have been your own fault If you 
had not very soon been upon as good a footing, as some of your 

You had great and powerfull friends here, but they are greatly dis- 
gusted at your woefull Indolence and neglect of doing what you ought 
to have done, nay what you promised to do the first day the assembly 
should sett, and how think you can any thing you promise be de- 
pended on for the future, or how can I undertake again to engage 
for you, and you must know, that your affairs now lays with the 
greatest men in the Kingdom, and were they not as truly good as they 
are great, with what face could I again solicit any favours for you, 
that have thus Idly forfeited your interest, nay your Honour, and as to 
you Sir, your friend & Brother. — 

The extraordinary treatment I have mett with at this most critical 
time from my Friends, that I have so great a regard for, warms me 
so that I had almost forgot to give you a piece of history that I sup- 
pose you yet know nothing of — Then you must know that the Gov"" 
when he was last amongst you, got a very long historical memorial & 
panigerick upon himself, signed by six of the Council only, viz. S : 
Walton, H : Sherborn, R. Waldron E. Huske : E. Dennett : J. Sher- 
born : adress'd to his Majesty wherein they tell his Majesty the abso- 
lute necessity of the Province of New Hampshire being Anex't to 
the Massachusetts or at least being under the same Gov'' with the 
Massachusetts, and therein advises his Maj'^ to give the Province of 
New Hampshire to the Massachusetts and give the inhabitants of the 
Province of New Hampshire in Exchange for those lands they are set- 
tled upon. Lands on the other side of the Province of Main. It is a 
very long memorial or I would have taken out a copy at the Council 
office & sent it you.* But I have read it every word, and it appears 
to me to be all of the Gov""* Fabricating, exactly in his own style and 
Phrase, and signed only by the aforesaid six Councilors, and it seems 
plain to me to be of such a nature, that they durst not trust any body, 
even their own officers with the contents, or they surely would have 
had it better signed, For surely had any body who has any regard for 
the Province or Themselves and Familys but even known that a peti- 
tion was preparing, to pray his Maj*>' to tear them from their habita- 
tions, their homes, and drive them into a Howling Wilderness, they 

[* This memorial is printed in Vol. V., p. 915. — Ed.] 


would not have fail'd of raising such an Indignation against such 
petition and its Wicked authors, as they most justly deserved, and 
God knows what might have been the consequence, and I am very 
glad it was kept so secret. Now as to the success of it here, you 
must know that it was presented to his Maj'y before his Maj'y set out 
for Hanover, and since been read before the Lords of the Regency in a 
General Council, where it met with the treatment it justly Deserved, 
it being rejected with great warmth. 

Surely in time your Province will see and know who are their great- 
est enemies as well as who are their Best friends, notwithstanding the 
many scandalous suggestions and lies they have industriously propa- 
gated in print & otherways, and it has been purely owing to your- 
selves that they have not seen & known it already and I have from 
your conduct conceived such an oppinion of you, Gentlemen, should 
you now obtain every thing you now desire and want, that you will 
not make such a right use of it as I could wish or might be expected 
from you. You all greatly want application to Business as well as 
method and I fear have not so good a Harmony as I could wish 
amongst you, however I will still hope, and assure you that I am most 
■faithfully. Sir, your most obedient hum' serv' 

John Thomlinson " 
Theodore Atkinson, Esq." 

\_Co/>j of Letter from Atkinson to Tho7nlinso?i, 1740.] 

[Belknap Papers, Vol. I., p. 'j^.'] 

Portsm° N. Engl'^ August 4^ 1740. 
Sir — When I wrote you Last by this Ship, I then determined to 
leave the Province affairs to those that were less engaged in Difficul- 
ties to Prevent their giving you a true state of affairs with us, yet 
every ones mite is a tribute justly due, and nothing but the trubles 
of my family occasion by the Loss of a fine girl of 15 months old 
would have hindered my writing you. I am sorry you should think 
so hard of us he-re as you say in your several letters, however many 
things might be urged in Extenuation were our present Delays occa- 
sioned by our neglects but these perticulars I shall not now enter 
upon, but assure you I imagined every thing you wrote for was done 
according to your desire tho' you wrote us word that the Papers we 
sent were enough & tho't the others were only expedient not necessary 
Such subscription can't be obtained without the Enemies knowledge 
& gives room for their Petitioning ; this you see gave rise to the late 


Petitions from the several towns in favour of G. B. Administration. 
Upon the whole I could were you to be my Judge clear myself from 
the Imputation of leaving any one thing undon you Desired but this 
I can't do without accusing those that tho't ourselves as it happens 
too secure — we here never heard of the clause of the Lords Comiss"^ 
rejDort recomending it to the Province to know their Inclination with 
respect to a separate Governm* &c. All that you ever Desired was 
such a Letter as you formerly had, & that if such a Letter or vote of 
the House did not come in time you should be able to make a good use 
of the former. However it was our happyness not yours (so imedi- 
ately) that was in Question & therefore we should have don every 
thing you pointed out to us & if we should finally be disapointed my 
concern will be as much upon your acc^ as our own because I know 
you had our Interest as much at heart as we ourselves had. But now 
to the affairs as at Present, I beg leave to tell you that you have had 
a Letter Signed bv the Maj"" parte of the late Assembly sent you via 
Boston & Duplycate thereof by other ships from hence that Letter 
is not so full as one you'l receive from hence & owing Intirely to our 
not knowing Particularly what would be wanting this that comes now 
is Exactly agreeable to what you say was wanting. Since the sign- 
ing thereof we have had an Assembly call'd & a vote of the House 
as full as the Letter & only the Two Gillmans at Exeter desented 
there were 19 members Present & but 20 in the Goverm' the absent 
member was at Boston, his name is Gage a Dover member & hath 
signed the Letter & had he been present would have voted for it so 
that if these things come seasonably I am sure you have what is 
requisite we are now holding an Assembly Peculiarly on the affairs of 
the Levies & this is the first notice we have had (Except in the news- 
papers) so that no bounty for Inlisting hath been granted by our 
Province. There came over 30 Blank Comissions for this Continant 
four of which were sent to Gov. liclcher. [No signature.] 

[T/ioj)ilinso)i to Atkinson.~\ 
[Belknap Pai)crs, Vol. I., p. 79.] 

London 20*'' Scpf 1740 — 
Sir — I had your favours by the Bladen, and have delivered the 
several inclosed as directed, and have told your friend How that we 
could not succeed in the scheme, therefore he must follow your other 
directions to him. Indeed had I wanted money to pay for the Col- 
lectors place I fear it would not have been easy to have to have got it 
there, however the money should not have been wanting 


The Kini:^ is now soon expected from Hanover which will bring the 
nobility to Town, and then shall get your affairs finished, and I hope 
to all your Satisfaction and I heartily wish you make good use of those 
advantages you have been long struggling for, and have now in great 
part obtain'd, but give me leave to say I at present very much doubt 
it, for by what I have lately seen and heard some of you seems inclin- 
able to quaril about the Bear's skin before he is catched, however, be 
that to yourselves, I shall do every thing I can for you here and Ben- 
ning I hope will have seen and Learned enough here to make you a 
good Gov"" and prevent you makeing a bad use of those opportunitys you 
may have of becoming a happy and flourishing people. I heartily 
wish you such and am. 

Sir your most obed' hum' serv* 

John Thomlinson 

P. S. I shall send you those things you write for 
To Theodore Atkinson, Esq. 

[(7(9/j of Atkinson to Thomlinson.'\ 
[Belknap Papers, Vol. I., p. 80.] 

Portsmo' Novemb'' 26''' 1740 

Sir — Your Letter to our Deceased friend Cap* Rindge * enclosing 
the Judgment of his Maj'y in Council on our Lines arrived after his 
Decease which not only deprived that Gentleman the Pleasure of See- 
ing the finishing stroke to that Tedious & PIxpensive DisjDute but 
also [ ] to the rest of your ffriends from putting your Instruc- 

tions into Practice. 

Capt. Rindge's Death being so sudden & unexpected put his whole 
family into such a melancholy Disorder that it was Impracticable for 
the most familliar of his friends to mention to Mrs. Rindge any thing 
of any sort of business till after his funcrall or she was a little better 
composed, as soon as there was room Mr. Wentworth gave us the 
papers and an abstract of your Letter relating thereto & we have De- 
terrriined to follow your directions in forwarding the necessary to his 
Excellency in such manner as to prove the Delivery tho' we should 
have been well satisfyed & Pleased had you detained them as you 
seemed inclyned till there was an alteration in Goverm* many People 
being now afraid of the Event of that affair being Executed by his 
present Excellency, — however as you no Doubt saw some ill conve- 
niency in Longer Detaining of it our Business is to see it don in the 
best maner we can. 

[*Capt. John Rindge died at Portsmouth, November 6, 1740. — Ed.] 


Brother Mark who shares Largely in the Loss of our ffriend is 
suddenly left in the midst of an affair of Considerable Consequence 
Striped not only of the advice but of the assistance of an able & ex- 
perienced Partner — Cap' Rindge some few days before he dyed rec** 
yours adviseing of the contracts being taken as it now stands and 
was in treaty with M*" Harvey the builder for a ship & with those men 
M'' Wentworth hath since agreed with for masts at all which meet- 
ings I was by Cap' Rindges Desire Present I heard him offer after 
much talk jCi6. "^ ton for the ship & he told me afterwards he be- 
lieved Harvey would not build her for that money I was with M' 
Wentworth when treating with Harvey who said he would not pre- 
tend to build her under £i6. lo & I know he builds for M"" Went- 
worth 10/ "^ ton cheeper than he would for another haveing built 
largely for him I think they have agreed which I presume you will 
be more perticularly informed of, the affair Contracting [ ] of 

masts laboured under great Discouragements all the People that of 
late years have been usually Imployed in trailing [?] masts being un- 
der Engagements to M'^ Gulstons agents not only by contract but I 
believe otherways rendered it impracticable to say any thing to them 
& therefore there was a necessity of applying to others that formerly 
have masted but found ways to leave that business while they could 
save their estate which I fear those that continued longer will not be 
able to do those men usualy [ ] for the sale agents have it not 

in their power with out [ j to Procure the Larger Trees that I 

am assured tho' tis Possible M"" Wentworth may have Contracted to 
give something more than hath been Lately given which yet remains 
a secret that by no means can be [ ] yet I am sure you will 

meet with fewer disappointments, such as delaying your ships expen- 
sive toes of masts from one port to another & will be served with 
better masts and less lyable to exception at home. 

[The remainder of this letter relates to the mast business, is illegi- 
ble to a considerable extent, and not important. — Ed.] 

[^Atkinson to T/io)ii/insoii.'\ 
[Belknap Papers, Vol. L, p. 84.] 

Portsm" December 20''' 1740 
Sir — Since my last we have nothing remarkable in Publick Affairs. 
I then sent you the Boston Newspapers to shew you that G. B. had 
recomended the running the Lines &c. to the Boston Assembly I 


am informed they intend to take no notice of the Kings Instructions 
How far the Govern'' is concerned in that affair you may easily guess 
we have sent according to your orders to Capt. Rindge the originall 
Judgm^ & alsoe our ace' of Expences in getting the Commiss'"'' upon 
the Spot & expence while sitting togeather with the cost of the comis- 
sion. These were d''^ by Capt Pollard the Notary who will transmit 
you under his seal the Proof of such delivery — we hope, ere this the 
Journal of the House in this Prov*' when the Gov"" was last amongst 
us is with you & that you have alsoe finished the grand affair in get- 
ting us seperated from the Massachusetts Bay we are all sensible 
nothing can make us either a flourishing or happy people 'til that is 

As to the affair of Masts I have wrote at Large to the Surv"" Gen^ 
who I doubt not will inform you how that stands at Present but tis very 
surprising to me that you should take the Contract for less than for- 
mer Contractors have done which I find by compareing the Contracts 
is considerable when tis Impossible to get masts for the same price 
here the Cutters being obliged to goe vastly further for them than 
formerly was usual they now goe so far into the Country for large 
trees that they are two Days at least hailing one tree where formerly 
they frequently hall'd Two Trees in one Day besides there are three 
Contracts now subsisting which makes all our Country run into ex- 
travegant Prices for tho' M'' Gulstons agents are not permitted to cut 
any new Trees yet they have many to hall that were prepared last 
winter & the winter before I shall Indeavour to Prevail with the 
Persons to offer those Trees to your agent but I believe it will be to 
no Purpose for those Trees are allready over paid for & if they should 
parte with them they must goe Imediately Goal for what they could 
expect from your agent would never pay them Debts — as to M"" 
Townsends affair I think he hath acted Inconsistently with his Inter- 
est for he hath Imployed two setts of agents who I perceive Intend 
to act seperately & have both applyd for Lycense & for the same 
number of Trees I have wrote them that if I grant to one I shall 
not to the other & that they must apply Joyntly other ways M'' Town- 
send may Imploy 20 Different People & Cut all the masts in the 
woods it would be friendly in you to advise M'' Townsend of this 
mistake if Consistant with your Interest as I must support the In- 
trest of your two Contracts I should be glad they might be so 
managed at home as not to Interfere or be Inconsistant with each 
other's Intrest — 

We have for more than a month pass'd had a continual Easterly 
wind with rain & it hath made such a fresh that the like was never 
known. The bridges & mills in this Country are allmost all carry'd 


down stream, for 3 or 4 days past we have had frost & snow, there is 
now a good snow on the ground & if the swamps are hard enough 
will be fine hailing [of masts] I hope you will not be Disapointed in 
some fine Trees which your workmen have allready got down. I 
suppose Brother Marsh writes you particularly & fully on this head. 

The 17^'^ inst we had the most violent storm of wind & snow that 
perhaps ever was known, there being many vessels, lost near 30 sail 
ashore in Marblehead, & many of them stove in pieces. The, gail 
was short — from four o'clock in the morning till Eleven in the fore- 

I hope the Bladen was not near at the Time — I hope you have 
rec'd my acco^ with Cap* Wentworths Bill of his Timbers sold & that 
you from Time to Time receive my money of M"" Jones if you should 
have any thing in your hands Desire you would Ship me in such 
things as will best answer our Markets you being a better Judge than 
I am — & let it come Insured Cap' [ ] writes you to pay one 

hundred pounds sterling to my order when you are in Cash for him 
Please to pay it to M'' Thomas Plummer it being on his Deceased 
Brothers acco' I have advised him hereof who will call upon you — 

I must beg the favour of you to get me a handsom ring 'tis for 
Mrs. Atkinson as a memento of her daughter — Mary Atkinson dyed 
the 20'^' day of July 1740 aged fifteen months, & let it come by 
Brother Ben's [Benning Went worth]. 

I am S"" with great esteem your most Oblig'd Humble serv' 


'[Thomlinson to Atkinsonl\ 
[Belknap Papers, Vol. I., p. 88.] 

London 6"' Feb'^ 1740-1 

Sir — Your fav''^ of y*^ 2^^ & 26''' of Nov"" are both before me, in that 
of the 2^ you acknowledge the receipt of some of my Letters and say 
that there is something in them too grave for a Joke indeed it was 
my design to have it should be so but I do imagin it found you in a 
much graver Humor than I wrote it in or else two single words could 
not have carry'd you into two long destinct desertations, as to my 
mentioning your friend How, (as you say so emphatically) whatever 
you may see more in friend How than Richard How is Just so much 
more than I meant by it, and I could have wished you had read it in 
the same temper of mind in which I wrote it, then you would have 
saved yourself & me a good deal of needless trouble. 

As to the other thing [that] has agitated you so much, I must de- 


clare that alltho I thought I had reason to say so much from what I 
had then mett with from sundry letters & otherwise, yet I did not 
mean to lay any particular Imputation upon you but only express 
my fears that that was allready or might soon be the case. 

for the rest — I shall refer you to Benning [Wentworthl when you 
shall see him which I hope will not be long first, For his Grace the 
Duke of New Castle has now actually promised him your Govern- 
ment as soon as it shall be seperated, and which has been delayed 
longer than we expecf^ but we now are pretty sure that it will be done 
by the beginning of next month. 

Capt. Christopher Rymes is made a Councilor in opposition to H. 
, Sherburn after the Gov''® agents had opposed it att the Council Board, 
& they have yesterday recommended N : Gillman to succeed Mr. 
Rindge, upon which I again recommended Mr. Richard Wibird lest the 
Lords should be inclinable to accept of Gov''® recommendation in his 
turn, or at lest for once, and alltho' I had sent Benning to get Coll. 
Dunbar before to go up and recommend Richard Wibird and which 
he had done, But I thought it might be necessary to recommend him 
also and that verbally, and at the same time to take occasion to ac- 
quaint the Lords that he was a proper person to succeed Mr. Rindge 
and which I did very fully and it is now left to their Lordships to 
recommend one or the other and which I shall hear of in a few days. 
I observe what you say in yours of the 22^^ relating to the mast con- 
tract & your Brother [in-law] Mark Wentworth and you must know 
that I had allways as good an oppinion of him as you or any body 
could have. 

I shall soon have the opportunity of writing you again, ""and am 
Sir your most hum' Ser^ 

John Thomlinson 
Theodore Atkinson Esq"^ — 

\_JoJin TJiomlinson to Christopher Rymes. '' Copy per Banjield."'\ 
[Belknap Papers, Vol. I., p. 91.] 

London, 10 Feb^ 1 740-1. 
Cap' Christopher Rymes, 

Sir — I have now to acknowledge your favour under cover to Mrs. 
Sumers, and as we had the news of Mr. Rindge's death some time 
before that came to hand. We had therefore agreed to joyne Charles 
Apthorp with Mark Wentworth in the mast affair, and as to the 
affair of recommending of his Majesty's Council you will find by my 
last letters to you that was done before, and also that the Gov"'® agents 


opposed it & recommended your Brother S. Sherburn, but that is all 
over and your Mandamus is in my Counting House, and which I shall 
send you by Capt. Shepardson under cover to Mr. Charles Apthorp, 
and how the Gov''^ and his agents have recommended Nath^ Oilman to 
succeed my good friend John Rindge and I am Endeavouring to get 
Mr. Richard Wibird to succeed him, and I have no doubt of doing it, 
only this, that the Board of Trade or the Lords of his Majes'-''^ most 
hono^'"^ Privy Council may not care to set aside so many of the Gov""® 
recommending one after another ; however I shall do all in my power 
to effect it. I must reffer you to Mr. Atkinson or Mr. Wiggan for 
news of the Province affairs, and am 

Sir, your most hum^ serv^ 

John Thomlinson. 

\TJionilinson to Atkinson.~\ 
[Belknap Papers, Vol. I., p. 92.] 

London, 21 March 1 740-1. 

Sir — Since mine to you of the 6"^ of Feb>' my good Lord Prece- 
dent has been very much out of order so that we have not had any 
Committees and therefore nothing done in our affairs but as he is now 
much better I hope soon to have it in my power to write you some- 
thing agreeable. And I can now tell you that just as I last wrote the 
Lords of Trade recommended Mr. Richard Wibird to his Maj'>' in 
Council to succeed Mr. Rindge in the Council And as I expected the 
Governors Agent has petition 'd against him and prays that N : Gill- 
man may be appointed and tells his Maj'>' If Mr. Wibird is appointed 
there will be a majority in the Council against the Gov"" But not- 
withstanding this notable petition I think I can promise you and you 
may venture to tell Mr. Wibird so, that I shall soon send him a Man- 
damus. I have sent Capt. Rymes's by this Ship under cover to Mr. 
Charles Apthorp and I hope soon to send you something of much 
greater consequence, and altho' I have sometimes unavoidably fail'd 
of my promises in point of time yet I think I have never yet finally 
faild in any, and I hope never shall. Pray my service to all friends 
and believe me to be — 

Sir, your most hum^ serv' 

John Thomlinson 

Shall send the druggs you wrote for by the next good opportunity 
— you have allso John Minors & Henry Pursevalls Bond for 17"^ to 
Rob^ Pike 
Theodore Atkinson P^sq"" 


[^Atkinson to Tho}nliHso7L'\ 
[Belknap Papers, Vol. I., p. 97.] 

Pr. Mast Ships Portsm° May 31'' 1741. 

To Jn" Thomlinson 

Sir — I have only time to acknowledge the rec* of yours of the 9''^ 
of April giving us the agreeable news of the success you had the 
day before ags' your opponents before the Comittee of Council. This 
letter I rec'^ last night & this being Sunday have scarce seen How it 
opperates on either side ; however this I am certain the Province nine 
in ten at least receive it with the greatest joy. I hope you will carry 
the affair thro' to your own Satisfaction as well as ours. My house 
is now full of friends to learn the news, and if the ships don't sail 
early in the morn^ shall write something more, tho' the convoy is now 
to, the Mast Ships are now at Harbour mouth. G. Belcher hath not 
been here since I wrote you last, so of course no alteration material. 
I then wrote you a narrative of the Gen^ Court proceedings & that 
three persons were appointed by the Gov'' as Surv''*' to run the lines, 
that our Province furnished his Excellency ^500 tho' they at the 
same time imagined it was never intended they should, but we tho't 
the Execution should not be delay'd for want of money, The Line 
between the County of York & this Goverm' is run about 60 miles 
into the wilderness, and the winter being breaking up diverted the 
finishing of it ; — however that being a straight line I hope is run far 
enough. This Line was run by one Walter Bryant and leaves the 
noted White Hills in our Goverm 'about 7 miles. 

From Pentucket Falls Mr. Hazzen run the West Line allowing 10 
degrees variation to Albany & crosses Hudson River about 8 miles 
to the north ward of the City of Albany. Mr. Mitchell had the Sir- 
cular Line to make out & in order thereto took upon the Ice, & since 
that broke up on the shores of Merrimack, the exact Plan of the River 
& is now soon going to mark out the Line on the Land. I know 
there will be great difficulty in doing this it being utterly Impossible 
to Do it according to the Letter of the Judgm* that is, to be three 
miles Exactly- Distant from the River, in some places where the river 
takes sudden bend & makes a neck of land of 4 or five miles across 
& yet Perhaps 7 miles long, so that there is no possibility of getting 
within Three miles of the Point of such neck without being within 
Two miles of the river on each side, as you proceed Downward I be- 
lieve before Mr. Mitchell runs this line he will know the Gov''^ 
determination thereon. He at present Proposes if he runs it at all to 
make straight lines from reach to reach, & if he runs nearer or 


further than 3 miles to make an exact allowance for the number of acres 
in each Turn of the river : — thus at Present stands the affairs of the 
Lines. The Massachusetts haveing Done nothing in the affair as yet 
nor will they very soon ; for Wednesday was their Election when the 
Land bank Gentry prevailed in the choice of Councilours, the Gov"" 
negatived eleven, as my friend writes me, some say more, he also 
negatived the Speaker, Mr. Watts of Winnisimet & since has dis- 
olved the Assembly, that that Government is in the greatest confu- 
sion, these things have so lately occurr'd that I can't be so particular 
as otherways I would but as to our own affairs, if you read the Judg- 
ment of King's Council on the affairs of the Lines you'l finde the 
Line of Merrimack & the West line after it crosses that river is said 
to be the northern Boundary of the Massachusetts but not the South 
Bounds of New Hampshire, nor is it call'd a Dividing Line, so those 
people above the river are in a state of anarchy the Govern"' can have 
nothing to say to them as Massachusetts men nor will he as New 
Hampshire men for the reason above, now as to the Line on the other 
side that in Comission''^ Judgment is said shall be the Dividing Line 
between the two Provinces & his Maj^^ affirming of it makes it so, in 
that there is no Dispute. The curve Line at Merrimack when 'tis 
run if that can be will admit of no Dispute that having been always 
our Line namely 3 miles north of the River, but as this last Line 
cannot be run according to the Letter of the Judgment & the West 
line above the river not allowed a Dividing line, we reap no benefit 
by the whole affair at Present. Thus you see how the affair stands. 
I don't care unless it be to Particular friends to give my real opinion, 
but in some measure fall in with the Gov' &c. least he should grant 
away the Land on the other side of the River, & this opinion keeps 
him from it. Thus much for Publick affairs. 

Theo. Atkinson 

[Atkinson to TJwnilinson^ 

[Belknap Papers, Vol. I., p. loi.] 

Boston, July 11^'' 1741. 
Sir — I am now to acknowledge the re*^ of your favour of the 9"^ 
May, & accordingly have communicated it to Brother Mark & Sam^ 
Wentworth, my business in Town being on purpose & had Brother 
Benning have drawn on us for the sum you say will be wanting we 
should have readyly answered his Draught. However I have Marks 
order to assure you, which I now Do that he will remit you one hun- 
dred pounds sterling having ordered some effects by the way of the 


West Indies into your hands, however he will be so far as that sum 
accountable to you & had I known of this ship being so near saleing 
would have wrote you as he will pr. next, — My Brother Sam' 
now orders the like Sum which you will herewith receive. Now 
as to my self tho' I have lately made sum large purchases, (large for 
me) & shall want money, yet I am content you charge me in case it 
should be wanting, one hundred pounds. I take the affair in this 
Light : that Brother Benning & the whole family would be under this 
additional obligation that you must advance that sum for him, & that 
as 'tis highly reasonable you ought to be made secure, we should all 
of us gladly have done something of this sort before now, but I really 
tho't he had some disposition of his affairs in Spain so as not to have 
needed anything of this sort, however something in your Letter seems 
to "hint as if the want of some orders from hence would detain him 
till you heard from home. I hope that will not be the case, if it 
should Mr, Wentworth is Exceedingly to Blaim. in not giveing us 
Timely advice ; you know my Inclinations by Letters I formerly 
wrote you when he was in Spain to serve him in any shape. I hope 
what I now write will be sufficient. 

[Endorsed ] Copy to Capt. Thomlinson. 

[Another letter, dated July 13, 1741, of the same import, is signed 
Theodore Atkinson. — Ed.] 

yrJiomlinson to Atkinson. Pr. Capt. Jones. ^ 
[Belknap Papers, Vol. I., p. 103.] 

London, 13 July 1741. 
Theodore Atkinson, Esq. 

I have here to Inclose you Bill of Lading & Invoice for the Drugs 
you wrote for, which I hope will please the Doctor, I have been so 
long without any from you that I have not any thing to say, only I 
cannot help telling you that I have got Benning Wentworths Com- 
mission finished & lock'd up in a fine Case in my Desk, you may see 
the very words of the alteration we have made in my Letter to M""® 
Rindge from whence you may reflect what little reason you had to be 
frightened at the ridiculous suggestions of Mr. Belcher about your 
Southern Boundarys, the Instructions to your Governor will now be 
very soon finished, and then I hope he will soon be with his Family 


& Friends. I suppose he writes you by this conveyance, therefore 
for want of Time I must refer you to him for History. 
& am, Sir, your most hum' Serv* 

John Thomhnson. 

[^Atkinson to TJionilinsofi.^ 

[Belknap Papers, Vol. I., p. 109.] 

Portsm° May 19, 1742 — 
Sir — I have your ffav''^ of the 27"^ November & 18 of March Last 
Duplycated before me — in answer I must beg leave to refer you to 
Gov^ Wentworths Letters who I know writes you fully upon Publick 
affairs & shall only say that I hope if any Little odd Votes about our 
adress is under your Just Censor we shall grow wiser as we grow older 
& shall not always hurry things as has some time been the Practice 

— I observe you send my memorand™ by Cap' Godfrey which is 
agreeable — I never had any Dependence upon ffriend Whitocts \T\ 
estate but have been latly told & I think tis agreeable to what I have 
heard him say that a was taken out against him but he paid 
every Body 20 shillings for a pound & that in order to this he morte- 
gaged some parte of estate which \n^ revert to him in about seven 
years this occasioned my writeings to you — I must now Desire you 
would send me a Coat of a Drab Cloth made with a snug sleave for 
riding in I would have a Cloth not apt to spot or fade — and a scar- 
let rochlet these are for my own ware the measure I send enclosed 

— and three pair of shoes for my son the length of his foot is the 
line drawn on the other side his foot is slim I would have the heel 
pretty high for our streets are muddy — you have alsoe Inclosed 
Charles Mackees note for £,^ : 17 : Ster. he is master of the Dept- 
ford Store Ship the money is due to Cap' Stephen Greenlieff & he 
desires you would Ship him the n' Proceeds in nails 20^ 10'' & Shingle 
equal value of of each so that if you send me a cask of each of these 
sorts of nails you may charge them to my acco' & give me Cred' for the 
note deducting your charge which Please to advise me of when you 
send the nails — I have at last got my acco' from M'' Jones & finde in 
June last the ball^ in my fav"" was ;£ii6. 18. which I hope you have 
rec'^ I sent my Diary to Lady Day last, by the Deptford Cap' ffawler 
which will amo' to about ^70. I some time since wrote you to ship 
as you tho' Proper when you were in cash for me but I desire you 
would not but when you have my Directions 

I have but one thing more to recommend to your consideration & 


that is your good offices to Mr. Brown. (') you know he has a large 
family, having 8 children, & necessity hath put him upon building a 
house, & tho' some of his Parish has promised to assist him in this 
undertaking yet he will be oblidged to be at considerable cost before 
he can get into it. I am in hopes with your recommendat" he may 
have liberty to draw on the Society (^) for something that will help 
him, — besides, this year has been Exceeding expensive. Provisions 
of all kinds haveing advanced near one hundred pr Ct. Pork has been 
at 2od & 2S pr lb. beef at I5d, Indian corn i8s pr bushell and every 
thing in this proportion. 

You have now a Letter from M'' Mitchell Desiring your assistance 
in the settlement of his acco' & recieving his money of M"" Jones I 
imagine there will not he much Truble in the affair as you recieve 
mine & I shall esteem it a favour don me if you serve him if his Pro- 
posal is not Inconsistant with your Inchnation M"" Jones in his last 
acco' articles the money as rec'^ from the Coll which he did not use 
to do but used to receive it at the navy office and acco' with us in that 
man"" all the Deputys acco^* are in this form & we are at a loss to 
know why the stile is altered — I tho* this hint not amiss to you My 
best regards to good M""^ Thomlinson & tell her I beg she would In- 
tercede with Cap* Thomlinson to be more on horse back & less in the 
stinking Cyty of London — I reioyce with you both in the recovery 
of your health & am S'' 

[From retained copy, no signature.] 

May 23"^ Since above Cap' Greenlieff Bro' me Cap* Adams's note 
for ;^5. 18. II which is for Purchasing the nails above mentioned I 
wo*^ have a cask of each of those sorts sent me alsoe — Pray let me 
have a p'' of Britches with my Coat I w"^ not have a Darke Couller 

f Cap* Adams 

[' Rev. Arthur Browne, rector of the Episcopal church in Ports- 
mouth. ^ Society for the Propagation of the Gospel in Foreign 
Parts. — Ed.] 

\Atkinso7i to TJiomliiison.'\ 

[Belknap Papers, Vol. I., p. iii.] 

Portsmouth July 19*'* 1743 
Sir — The foregoing is a Copy of what I wrote you by Cap' Adams 
I now Inclose you the Duplycate of Mackees note he gave 2 notes of 


same Ten"" & Date for the same sum so that if either of them is sat- 
isfyed the other must be Cancelled in which please to observe my 
Directions in my last I am to acknowledge the rec^ of the box '^ 
ffoster which came to hand in good order & well liked of but there is 
not the whole I wrote for I desired sundry books Particularly Stan- 
hopes Thomas a Kempis a book I am Indebted here for & they are 
not to be purchased & I must Desire you to send me a bundle of 
ab' 8 score Iron Hoops fit for Cask ab' 34 gallons these I would beg 
you would not forget for our hoops will not stand the year round in 
my Cellar that I often loose the best of my Cyder I must once more 
beg leave to refer you to Gov"" Wentworth for Provincial news and 
am with regards to your good spouse & self 

Yours &C T A 

Pr Cap' Darling — 

[^Atkiiisou to T/ionilinso)i.'\ 

[Belknap Papers, Vol. I., p. 112,] 

Portsm° May 26"' 1742 
S"" — Better hands than mine gives you the State of Publick affairs, 
you have a long letter from Gov Wentworth therefore nothing I hope 
will be expected from me you will give me leave to recommend a 
packet of Papers from Cap' Walker with a Power to use your endea- 
vours in getting his Maj'ys asent to an act passed here in his favour 
ab' an Explanation of Coll Vaughans Will he poor was Icdd 

into the Scrape by M"" W"' Vaughan & hath paid Dearly for it the 
papers will speak for themselves only observe there was was an appeal 
granted from the Sup"" Court of Judicature to the Gov'' & Council 
where he had Judgment ags' him for the money but the Sec'rys house 
was burnt & all records &c Consumed no copys could be obtained but 
an Execution was Issued & I when Sheriff served it upon Cap' Walker 
& got the money & paid Mr. Weeks & Apthorp after this the land 
was Delivered to Cap' Walker by Mr W'" Vaughan & when Cap' 
Walker was about to sell some of the Land it was suggested that the 
Premises was Intailed so no Purchas''* appeared 

Cap' Walker Petitioned the Gen' Court in Gov"" Burnetts Days as 
you'l see by a copy from the Clerk of the assembly but he dying soon 
after Put a stop to the Proceedings Gov"" Belcher was Brother to 
Coll Vaughan whose first wife was Gov"" Belchers Sister this to- 
geather with a little Personall Disagreement M"" Walker being of the 


assembly & not exactly sustaining the Gov"" Prevented his renewing 
his Petition till Gov"" Wentworth came 

you'l see there were several hearings & notifications &c so that the 
matter was not suddenly don he Desires your Intrest in the affair & 
will reimburst any charge you Please to make for which I'll be an- 
swerable & will upon your sending the acco^ remit the money. 

I expect a state of the Case from the Law""® to Send but tis Possible 
it may not be Exceeding correct which you are by the Power of attor- 
ney to rectify as you think Proper 

I have heard nothing from M"" Jones for i8 months past, neither have 
I time to draw out my Diary by the ship but shall forward it by Bick- 
ford who will sail in a little [while] 

I. have now sent you two mem° which I desire you would forward 
so as to be here this fall one of them is for my sister Shurtleff as 
you'l see by the Pilgrims Progress the other is for my self & Mrs 
Atkinson I am S"" with great Esteen Yours 

[From retained copy, no signature.] 
^ Cap* Darling in Mast ship 

[Endorsed] Copy to Cap* Thomlinson ^ Cap* Darling in y'^ Will- 
mington 1 742 

\Thomlinson to Atkiiison.~\ 

[Belknap Papers, Vol. I., p. 114.] 


London, 14 July 1742 
Theodore Atkinson Esq. 

Sir — I have not yet had any of your favours. Therefore I don't 
know what to say to you, or have I heard any thing from any of my 
friends of your Province, since the Governor's arrival, except a short 
letter or two from the Gov"" and letters on my business from Mark 
Wentworth ; and I should be very glad to hear that you go on right. 
I congratulate you on your promotion, and I hope you will Inherit 
some of the virtues of your predecessor, as well as his post, particu- 
larly his attention to, and assiduity in Business. I fear that you and 
Mr. Brown & N. Sherborne are become followers of Mr. Whitfield.* 
This news had no other effect on me than to make me Laugh. I 
assure you that it did not surprise me when I first heard it in the New 
England Coffee house, or has it since given me much concern, as I 

[* Rev. George Whitfield was at Portsmouth at this time. — Ed.] 


know and believe there are numbers besides yourselves, that are de- 
sirous to get to Heaven by charms, Incantations or in a Sling — pray 
Sir have you heard of a Committ that appeared here some months 
since, and made a great stirr amongst some people. I assure you 
there is now no more talk about it than about Whitfield. I leave it 
to you to run the comparison to what length you please, and draw 
what conclusions you please, your two friends may help you out at 
a dead lift, especially the latter, as he has been a helpmate to many 
a man. 

You will by this time be likely to fall into another Error in think- 
ing that I have much time upon my hands when I can truly assure 
you that I have not — only time to add that I am most truly 
Sir, your most obd' hum''''' serv* 

John Thomlinson. 

[Superscribed] To Theodore Atkinson Esq'' In Portsmouth New 
England f Cap' Ellis Q D C 

\_Atkinsoji to ThoinliHSon.~\ 

[Belknap Papers, Vol. I., p. 115.] 

Portsm° July 26 1742 — 
S"" I now forward a Letter to you from Cap' Tufton Incloseing 
Sund'^y Bills Drawn on a Gentleman in Amsterdam the other Sett he 
send in Different Ships from Sirranam he ordered his friend to ad- 
vise you pf the Payment & that he Should give you orders for the 
money he being in arrears while he was in London gave his note to 
a Gentleman there who Sent a Procuration to Mess""^ Osburne & Ox- 
naid & they put the note for ^75 in Suit I was bail & he went to 
Sirranam Since is returned & Bro' those bills to Discharge that Debt 
I have now a Process ags' me as bail & to finish the affair he hath 
Drawn upon you on that funds for ^.y St', haveing Discounted the 
rest & I hope you'l be Able to pay the money thus it is that I be- 
came an Indorcer on those bills I know he hath Justly paid the money 
for them — as to Publick affairs I know the Gov^crner writes you fully 
on that head therefore I need say nothing on that head I now Send 
M'' Jones my Diary for 3/4 of a year I hope he recieves & pays you 
my money as it becomes Due tho' I have heard nothing from him 
for near Two years — it may not be amiss to tell you that we have 
put a Stop to Sund'y masts being Laden on board a Ship of Mess*"* 
Wendalls Cap' Pearson Master who Last fall Applyd to me for Lib- 
erty to Cutt Some masts for that End I then told him & the People 


he Proposed to Contract with that I had no power to give Leave to 
Cut on the * woods other then for his Maj'^^ P^special Service to 
the Contractors that * all Properties beyoned the reservation I 
had no thing to do with that I should * the trees when they were 
Cutt unless they Got the advocate Gen'^^ * sion with respect to 

the Property in Such a manner that I could transmit * to the navy 
board for our Justification Since which Cap* Pearson* Stated the 
Case but have no answer from the advocate — M"^ Wentworth * [I am] 
Informed Hath bo' the masts into the Contract So that tho the 
affairs * of Publick Service in Detering Persons from Cutting for 
the future yet a * noise is made here & I am Informed that Com- 
plaints will be made agan' * haveing Suffred Such Practices here- 
tofore which is falce for its that Ship you was Concerned in I mean 
the Bladen we had the then Advocates Oppinion in favour of the 
Property those trees were cut from but these were cut upon very 
modern Propertys for as the Case is Stated they Desend by the Grant 
of the Town of Berwick & Say nothing of a Perticular Grant to any 
Private person — they alsoe Intend to Examine was ther [whether ? 
this Ship of Adams's is Loden for the Contract So that we have 
great Threats to be unhorsed I hope if they Should Proceed we on 
this Side the water Shall have an opportunity to defend ourselves I 
can Justly & Truely Say I never directly or Indirectly rec"^ any Bribe 
or Gratuity to the Value of one Single Glass of wine in any affair of 
the Survey''^ post more than what I have rec'^ for my Sallary &c from 
the navy office upon this He put the forfeiture of my head tho' I have 
had many Considerable Conditional offers made me — I have given 
Coll Dunbar a Sketch of our religious Enthusiasts I fear in the worst 
Sence of the word & Should have been more Perticular but M'' Marh 
will be able to Inform you of the whole Process I believe Cap* Adam's 
can do the Same I have a great desire to Convince Some of these 
Deluded persons & these beg you would furnish me with Some books 
proper to that End Such as Dr Calamys Caveat against New Prophets 
& his reflection on S"" Rich'^ Bulkleys Answer to Several Treatises on 
the Subject of New Prophets the Spirit of Enthusizm Exorcised by 
Dr Hicks Owens Scene of Delusion the History of [illegible] 
by a Lay Gentleman — or any Such Books — Pray Send me alsoe 
Dean Stanhope's Thomas a Kempis — I am S"" 

M'' Waldron I am told is [word obliterated] home for a Pattent for 
Sec'^ I hope this will bee ffrustrated not for y^ Value but the will. 

[* The manuscript is torn where the * occurs. The document is 
endorsed, "Copy to Jn° Thomlinson Esq'' '^ Cap* Adams 1742." — 


[^Atkhisou to TJio7nlinson.'\ 
[Belknap Papers, Vol. I., p. ii6.] 

Portsm° September g*'^ 1742 
Sr — I wrote you some time Since & Inclosed you a Copy of a Bill 
of Exch^ which could not be rec'^ for want of the Original which by 
Cap* Morrs Consent I now Send you I Shall in the mean Time apply 
to thG Drawer at Jamaca for a further Set if this comes to hand 
hope the money will be rec'd without, which pray advise of I alsoe 
wrote you Some years Since That one John Whitock a Quaker made 
a will Left me all he had & Exe'' he Dyed here about 10 years Since 
he was an Inhabitant of a Place called [illegible] near Bristol & as I 
am Informed hath Left Some thing Considerable there — there is 
now a man here that knows his Estate & tell me that if I write to one 
M"" Phelps a Lawyer he can give me Acco* I knew nothing of this 
man till yesterday & he Promised me to Call this Day & give me a 
more Perticular Acco' but disapointing me I can only Desire you to 
write to s^ Phelps on this head & by this ship I will Send you the will 
Proved %i^ under Pro^ Seal as allsoe Capt Pikes for Publick affairs beg 
Leave to refer you to Gov"" Wentworth I am with Gre' Esteem your 
Very Humble Ser* 

N° 133 — Jamaca 6"^ Feb-y 1740 Exch^ ^ £6^. Sterls 

At Forty days after Sight pay this my third "^ Exch^ first or Sec- 
ond not paid) to the order of M"" John Thomlinson for use of Theod"" 
Atkinson Sixty Three pounds Sterling Value Reed of Sam' Moor as 
■^ advice from Sir your Humbell Serv* 

Jn Tichelle 

To Mess"^* John Mason & John Simpson Merch'^ In London 
Third Copy by Man of warr 

\TJLonilinson to Atkinson. Copy '^ Cunning J iavi.'\ 

[Belknap Papers, Vol. I., p. 117.] 

London 27 Nov'' 1742 
Theodore Atkinson Esq' 

S"" — I have your favour of the 9*'' Sept with a Bill of the same 
tenour of that you some time since Sent me a Notarial Copy of but 
finds that your Account has Credit in June 1741 for a bill of the same 


Tenor & date & y' upon the receipt of w*''' Sum I paid ;^ioo Sterl 
(as you order'd) to Thomas Plumer for your Acco* & which I wrote 
you off, I have wrote to my friend at Bristol to make enquiry after 
John Whitlock's Estate & he has wrote me y' he hears Whitlock died 
Insolvent, but that he would make some further Enquiry, next Week 
I hope I shall know the Fate of your money bills & also of your Ap- 
plication for Stores, the latter is refer'd to the Board of Ordnance by 
a Committe of Council the other night & if I had not had a good 
friend at the Board nothing had been done in it as the Application 
was Irregular, & as to powder none is ever granted they Say all the 
Colonys must have a powder duty & altho such a duty might Affect 
me as much as anybody yet I think you ought to pass An Act for 
that purpose only let it be in as Easy a manner as possible y* it may 
not be too great a Tax upon Shipping & I Shall Attend the Board of 
Ordnance & Endeavour to obtain for you as much as I can I have 
already taken such Steps w"' respect to the money bills y' I have good 
hopes of Success & nothing shall be Wanting on my part to get his 
Majesty in Council to Approve of them — 

I have not yet Seen M"" Vassalls, Auchmuty & some others who 
are in Close Cabal with him I believe dont Care he should See me, 
they will make the most of him however they threaten Your Gov'' & 
province I am in no great pain about the matter any more than the 
Trouble & Charge they may put me to, & the time of Attendance 
which those short days I can very badly Spare from my own business, 
however I will Spare time to render the province & my friend every 
Service in my power & am very truly S*" your most hum' Ser" 

John Thomlinson — 

London 14*'^ Feb''>' 1742 
Sir I am now in the Country Just recovering my health and have 
not Yours or M"" Mitchells Letters by me but I hope Shall Soon be 
in Town to do Business and we Shall have now frequent oppertunitys 
of writeing and Shall not fail of writeing fully to you both in the 
meantime believe me to be Sir your most hum' Ser" 

John Thomlinson 

[Atkinson to Thomlinson.'] 
[Belknap Papers, Vol. I., p. 119.] 

Portsm° December 18''' 1742 — 
S*" — On the other Side you have a Copy of what I wrote you by 
Cap* Bickford which I hope by this is arrived with you I have only to 


ad that tis a long time Since I have had the favour of a Line from 
you The mem° I Send by Darling I have heard nothing of Pray if you 
have not allready Shipt it Let it come ^ first The Letter I then wrote 
would Clear me of Whitfieldism I hope M"" Browns Carrecf^ will not 
be Injured by Such aspersion I am sure he is far from Deserving 
them that Ignis fatuous as you rightly calld it made a bustle as a 
Commit & Threatned Church & State and is a Clog on both at Pres- 
ent but I fore See no great Danger People are comeing to their right 
minds again who ever Bro' my name in Question must mean it as a 
Joke for no body appeared So much against it from the first Appear- 
ence till this moment as I have Don I have Sent a Small mem° by 
Cap' Phillips to get for me I Desire you would Supply him to Ac- 
complish it I am Sorry you met with Any obstructions in the re'^ of 
Adamss Cargoe M"' Mitchell & myself have wrote the Survey Gen 
the Circumstances of those masts M' Wentworth Procured & he and 
his People have made Sund''>' affidavits thereon So that their Hon"^^ 
will be able to See the Circumstances of that affair you have I know 
all affairs of Governm* from his Excelency which Saves you the 
trouble of reading anything of that Sorte from 
Your oblidged Humbel Ser' 

P S you have a letter from M*" Cutt Shannon whose name is to a 
Petition ags* M*" Walkers Act he tells he was against his names being 
Entred in that List M"" Mitchell not having heard for Some time from 
his Correspondent in London is Determined to ask the fav'' of you to 
negociate his affairs there I hope you will Serve Him therein — 

[Endorsed] Copy to Cap' Thomlinson "^ Cap' Phil Thomlinson 
Decemb'' iS"' 1742 — 

[Atkinson to Thomlinson.'] 
[Belknap Papers, Vol. I., p- 120.] 

Portsm", Feb>' 8, 1743 
Sir — I am too often tireing you with recommendations, & am 
sorry for't, but yet gladly embrace this opportunity to recomend to 
your assistance the church of England at Newbury — this carrys its 
own apology & I apprehend I need say no more than to let you know 
how you can be serviceable. These People that now Petition the So- 
ciety have long rec'd their benefactions & have with much difficulty 
attended the Public worship four miles from y'' homes ; in order to 


remedy this hardship & by the consent too as I inform'd of Mr. Plant, 
have at a great expense built a comodious church in the Town & very 
conveniently located for all but a very few. They say Mr. Plant falls 
from his promises to their great Disappointment, but those will be 
proved to you from better hands. I shall only say that if the Society 
had a perfect knowledge of the situation of the affairs in that place, 
they would be convinced that their charity could not be better be- 
stowed in any Town in New England. I need not tell you that New- 
bury is a large Trading seaport where are a great number of strain- 
gers continually, that the Church, where it now stands is of little or 
no service being 3 or four miles of — This you know. The people of 
the Town offer ;^20 per annum & the strangers contribution, if they 
should be so happy as to succeed in their application. I hope Provi- 
dence will soon afford to send them a minister of religion & Learn- 
ing. They all depend much upon your judgment & assistance & that 
they may not be disappointed is the hearty wishes of Sir, — Yours. 

[Endorsed] Copy of a letter to Capt. Thomlinson about Church at 
Newbury. '^ Cap' Phil Thomlinson 1 743 

[Atkinson to TJionilinson^ 

[Belknap Papers, Vol. I., p. 121.] 

P ffeb-^ 6 1743 — 
S"" Inclosed you have the first of four Setts of Bills Drawn by M"" 
Brown on the Treasurer to the Society payable to me I have Indorsed 
them to you In hopes you would Send me on acco' of those Bills 
Such goods are Contained in the memorand"' Inclosed I Expect the 
goods will be bor' according to the payment that will be made The 
reason of this Projection is, M"" Brown is got a little behinde hand in 
the Building his House in which he now Lives & tho Some of the 
Parish hath done Some thing Considerable yet in order to make the 
House Comfortable he hath been at a Considerable Expence I have 
paid of his Debts & Propose to give him the Profit of his goods & 
this way to reimburst my Self Now I can fore see no other risque 
but Death if this Should hapen I Expect you Charge any arrears to 
me the goods he Sends for he hath Provided Chaps to take on their 
arrival — what I think would be y^ most Vendable & fech the Best 
advance is — 2 Chests of the Cheapest Bohea Tea abo' 100''' Each 
not Damaged 2 or 3 hund'' of Pepper the remainder in Cotton & 
Cheap Silk handkerchifs & Cheap Callicoes of good bright Cole""^ — 
Let me have these goods Shipd on M"" Browns Acco' & Consigned to 


me And Let them be fully Ensured I would have an Equal Value 
of Cotton & Cheap Silk handkerchiffs I would put you once more 
in minde for Sending the nails I wrote for By Adams Voyage before 
Last & Pray Let me know at the Same time weither you reed the 
money for Cap* Adams's note & the Master of the Deptford Store 
Ship on acco' of Cap* Greenleaff I must alsoe Desire you would 
Send me the following Peticulars 
I Brass Kittle ab* 30 gallons 

1 Suit of Black Cloath Cloathes for my Self fine firm well Dyed 


2 p' Cambrick thick fit for ruffling Linnen of 5/ "^ Ell 
2 p' Coursers Cost ab* 18 or 20/ Sterling ^ p^ 

I Case of Six rasors 8z p'' of good sissors & Strap I would have them 
of the Best mettle 

I now alsoe Inclose my Diary from Lady Day Last to Christmas 
under the Scituation of our Imployment I know not who Else to 
write to & Desire that you would Put it into the right Channel & also 
receive my Sallary, that & my Sallary as you Judge most for my In- 
terest you have Sufficient Power for this End — 

I fear Poor Mitchell will be broken up I see nothing that can Pre- 
vent it if his Bills that have Lain Long in London are finaly Pro- 
tested he Tells me he is out of Two years Sallary & that he has had 
no Acco* fjom his friend in London on whom these bills were Drawn 
this 2 or 3 years So that he Is intirely in the Dark as to his affairs in 
Engl^ he has now a family & and such an affair is y^ more Shocking 
I made no Doubt as he is very Deserving you'l do him any good 
office in your way — I beg Leave once more to referr you to Gov' 
Wentworths Letters for Publick affairs and am your obleed Ser 

T A 

P S Wc now Inclose you our Joynt Letter which heretofore was 
Directed to Coll : Dunbar but as we Imagine he may be gon to his 
Governm' of S* Hellena we have Derected it under y'^ Cover to the 
Comiss""^ T A 

f Cap* Darling — 

& Duplicate ^ Thomlinson with this adition Viz 

Portsm" ffeh'y 7 1 743 

S"' On the Other Side you have Copy of what goes '^ Darling I 
have only to ad that this Incloses the 2'' Bills the first of are men- 
tioned above & Desire your Complyance in what I recomcnded to 
your Care relateing them 

My best regards to M'^ Thomlinson & Accept the Same your Self 
from S'' Your &c A 


\TJiomliuson to Atkinson. Copy "^ Adams. '\ 
[Belknap Papers, Vol. I., p. 122.] 

Lond" 20 Feb 1743 
Theodore Atkinson Esq' 

S*" I have your Favour of the 26''' Octo & I have not Received 
your Money of the Master of the Deptford Store Ship neither have 
I Seen him but Once & then he told me He was to send out Goods 
to the Amount of this Note you have recommended three Gentlemen 
to Me & tho its pretty plain that I am always willing to do any thing 
I can to serve your Country Men yet I have not Time to squander 
away in following them in such Wild schemes as they Generally are 
freighted with from your Country & when they bring with them Ever 
so slight a recommendation they generally take it for Granted that 
the person to whom they are recommended is under an obligation to 
assist them in all their Schemes I dont say this in order to reflect 
on M"" Wise or M'' Peagrum for if I had not been particularly Engaged 
I would have Endeavoured to have Servd M"" Wise as much as I 
Could & as for M"" Peagrum He has not troubled Me upon His affairs, 
but for what End such a Man as young Greenleaf could be Sent 
home I am at a Loss to know & without any Money or Credit or Ca- 
pacity for Business that I know off, indeed His Father or Himself 
wrote me a Bombast Letter wherein I am desird to supply Him with 
any money He should Want & it should be Repaid Me but when or 
How I know not, but when I saw that you & His other Friends that 
had mentiond Him to me had avoided 'giving him any kind of Credit 
I did not Choose to do it. As you refer Me to what y*^ Gov"" writes 
Me I must now for want of Time refer you to w* I have Wrote him 
by this Conveyance & Am with great Truth & Esteem S"" 
Sir your most hu' Serv" 

John Thomlinson 

\T]iomlmson to Atkinson.'\ 
[Belknap Papers, Vol. L, p. 124.] 

London iS"' March 1744 
Theodore Atkinson Esq"" 

Sir I have here to Acknowledge your Favour of y^ 16"^ of Nov"" 
and have agreeable thereto carryd the Ballance of M' Peirce Longs 
Account to your Credet being £,2. 3. o And as for the Memerandom 
you Mention you only referr to Some directions and paterns -in A 


Bundle Sent by Cap* Adams, But Cap* Adams dos not know of Any 
Bundle he had from you he has indeed Sent up two Bundles of old 
Silk which he says M"" Yeomans Brought on Board And which M"^ 
Yeomans remembers nothing about but there is not any directions 
or paterns in, Therefore M""^ Thomlinson Cannot tell who they belong 
to or what they are to be done with So if those Bundles belong to you, 
pray let me know and what they are to be done with As to the other 
part of your Letter I at present can Say little about for I am So much 
keepd at home with a great deal of Gout and Some Business that I 
have not an opportunity to run to the other End of the Town as I 
used to do or can I find my Account in it so much as keeping at 
home, As Soon as the Mast Ships Arrives And I have Letters from 
Gov'' Wentworth I shall put his and your affairs upon a right footing 
with M"' Jones, I am with great Esteem 
Sir Your hum^ Ser" 

John Thomlinson 

{Thomlinson to Atkinson. A Copy ^ Phillips.'] 
[Belknap Papers, Vol. I., p. 125.] 

London 22^ Mar 1743/4 
Theod Atkinson 

Sir — Your favour of the 6 Feby '^ Darling is before me & Note 
its Contents the Bills on M"" Tryon are left for Acceptance at his 
house, and I have ordered y^ goods you write for to be got ready to 
Send you by Craigie, who will be in Boston I hope in a Short time 
I shall write you fully by him Intrem I am — 

Sir your most hu' Serv" 

P S Adams Note was passd to your Credit but y^ master of y^ 
Deptford store Ship would not pay his. Saying he had y^ orders to 
Ship you y^ Valine — 

London 12 April 1744 
Sir You have here Inclosed Invoice & Bills of Lading for all the 
goods you was pleasd to order both on your own Ace* & them for M*" 
Brown and which is all Included in one Invoice & bill of Lading, the 
reason of not Sending y™ Seperate is because M"" Tryon would not 
Accept M"" Browns Bills, for he had just paid a Bill of M"" Browns, for 
this very Quarter at Lady day, So that Next midsomer one of them 
will be p'', & the rest in Cource and as M' Tryon was out of Town 
when y^ Bills was left for Acceptance his Clerks Said, that they 


would be good So that the goods were all agreed for money down, 
that he might have y^^ advantage of the Sale of them, So that when 
his Bills are paid your Ace* Shall have C^ for them the last bill will 
not be due before this time Twelve months So that you may let M*" 
Brown have y*^ goods or keep them your Self, as you Shall think 
proper, what was Intended for him is markt B, and you may Easly 
Calculate y^ Charges on them & Insurance, and Intrest of money un- 
till y^ bills become due If you let him have y^ goods, your dairy is 
given to M"" Jones, & he says he will be able to pay Some Money for 
your Account very Soon, my master M"" John Thomlinson is in y^ 
Country recovering on a late fit of the Gout, No doubt you will hear 
before these reaches you that warr was declard here y^ Last day of 
March against France So that '^ m°from your place is 23 "^ C & other 
voyages in proportion you See what is given on Craigie & we warrant 
with Convoy I am 

Sir your most Obe* Servtt 

William Richardson 
[Captain Thomlinson's clerk.] 

[Atkinson to Thomlinson^ 
[Belknap Papers, Vol. I., p. 126.] 

Portsm° May 19"^ 1744 — 
D"^ S"" I have yours of the 20"^ ffeb^'y A Little Severe upon my 
recommending Several Persons to your flavour without being more 
Explycit then I was it was their Seperate Desire that I would only 
mention y'' Names to you that in case they Should hapen upon a 
wrong Sent they might have your ffriendship Letting them know of 
it I knew Little of Either of their Schemes & only guessed at their 
aim as to giveing M"" Greenleeff Cred* He never applyd to me in that 
Shape & I was told that his father had settled that point with M*" 
Rugg who I understood was his Patron & at whose request he went 
home & they neither of them could have any other Defence upon my 
Letter — I am Sorry any of them Proved Trouble Some to you & 
more so if occasioned by my Letter — 

now Let me Inform you that Gov'' Wentworth the Sur"" Gen" hath 
Continued the Late Sur'' Generals Deputy M"" Mitchell & [illegible] at 
Present come in gratis M' Slade & my Self Club our Salarys with the 
Su"" Gen^ till the ;!^2000 the G"" Pays is paid So I must Expect noth- 
ing but my Travel Till that matter is Ended — 

I Want to know what Prospect there is of a Settlem* of Rob* 


Peters Affairs I can get no manner of advice from the West Indies 
there is money in M''^ Rindges hands but I dont care to meddle with 
it till I know more of his affairs I now know of but one Debt Due 
from his Estate which is to M"" Rich"^ How but that cant be Settled 
till the West India Acco* is Settled — 

I hope you have Shiped M"" Browns goods & That they are Insured 
— I must now beg the favour of you to Send me the Sund''>' men- 
tioned in the Enclosed mem° — pray Let them come by Adams I had 
much rather pay the Land Carriage in his Ship than have them come 
by the way of Boston — I would be glad to have them Insured if the 
thing be Practicable 

The Suit of Cloaths in the mem° are regimentalls for my own Ware 
the Govern"" haveing Contrary to my Inclination oblidged me to take 
a Coll Comission as I was allways Determined in my own minde 
never to ware Such Cloaths without Something to bear the Expence 
being pushed to the Comission I have but Little what is necessary 
but I would have no more Lace then what you think necessary being 
a better Judge then I can be I would have the Sadie & furniture fit 
for that Service but put me to as Little Expence in those Equipments 
as possible Consistant with the affairs I would not have very Stif 
Stout boots 

We are in Dayly Expectation of a french War which will Exceed- 
ingly [injure ?] this Country if not ruin it for we are really in a very 
Defenceless Condition at Present — I Still Hope for better News 

I am Your H S' T. A. 

To Cap' Thomlinson Esq '^ Cap* Adams with y^ mem" 

May 14 1744 
Since the above we have the news of War with france being Pro- 
claimed by the Way of Glasco we yet have only the flying report 
if it Should be So Let my goods Come Insured if that be not to be 
Don now Wait till it is T A 

\TJionilinson to Atkinson. Copy '^ Hami7iond.'\ 
[Belknap Papers, Vol. L, p. 128.] 

Lond" 3 Octo 1744 
Theodore Atkinson Esq"" 

S*" — The above is Copy "^ Adams and I have only to Refer you 
to what I have wrote Gov"" Wentworth on your j^ublick Affairs & to 
tell you y* only one of M"" Browns (') Bills you sent Me on M'' Tryon 


is p^ which was for Fifteen pounds & which your Ace' has Credit for 
& y* should not have been p'^ had it not been by an oversight of M"* 
Tryons, & the other Three will be sent you Back protested & that M'^ 
Brown might have known, As those Bills were drawn by Him Con- 
trary to y*" standing orders of the society (-) sent him & all y^ Mis- 
sionary s, and not one of them that I know of Except M'' Brown & 
Brockwell has Ventured to draw Contrary to those orders and had I 
seen those Bills before they were Carried to M'' Tryon I should have 
sent them back to you without so much as offering them for Accept- 
ance as I shall always do when I have any of y^ Missionarys Bills 
drawn in that manner as I know it is not in M"^ Tryons power to pay 
such Bills, M"" Brown is as sensible as I am of this and in What man- 
ner he is Xo draw, & if dont observe it he must suffer by it & surely 
so he Ought, I have only to add y* I am with much Esteem 
S'' Your most hum^ Ser" 

John Thomlinson 

[' Rev. Arthur Browne, of Portsmouth. ^ Society for the Propa- 
gation of the Gospel in Foreign Parts. — Ed.] 

[Atkinson to Thomlinson.^ 

[Belknap Papers, Vol. I., p. 130.] 

Portsm° November 16 1744 — 
S'' I am now to Acknowledge your ffavour by Adams & by Craige 
with Invoyce &c^ of what I wrote for those by Adams I reed in good 
order & approve well of tho' the furniture for my Horse being blue 
&*= I Shall be Obleidged to Say is the fashion in London & you must 
be answerable, Craige is but Just arrived & I have not got the things 
round from Boston as yet the Master of the Deptford Store Ship has 
playd us a trick he has neither Ship me any thing nor had orders for 
So doing — 

M"" Yeomans & other Passengers will be able to give a Better Acco* 
how the War affairs goes on in these parts than I can but I am per- 
suaided unless Some other methods Are taken the next Summer we 
Shall pay Dear for our Success the Last Canada & Cape Brit- 

ton are too near without they were better neighbours the fort at 
Crown Point being but about 70 or 80 Miles from our Settlements on 
Connecticut river is by relation very Strong in which the french have 
Three hundred men 8z are I am told building a fort on the opposite 
Side of the River Principally I Suppose to Obstruct any attack the 


Place being narrow — Cape Britton will Destroy all our fishery as well 
as we theirs, that we are hemmed in in a bad manner on both Sides 
& tho' we have men Enough yet they are inexperienced in the Art & 
regularity that is absolutely necessary to reduce those Places or even 
to Defend our Selves in case of an Attack we have in our Papers ru- 
mourd about that his Majesty Intended to Send us Some regular 
forces Early in the Spring I wish he may I know there is the great- 
est necessity for them I believe very good men might be raised here 
that with a little Instruction would Soon be Disciplined for they all 
well know the use of Arms & if it was Consistant with his Maj*y 
Pleasure to Send Comissions to Persons here as has been usual I am 
Sure great Numbers would Inlist Especially if they were assured 
that their Station or Action was in the northern Climate. I wish to 
See recruiting officers here & as greatly wish to have a finger in it 
upon a Proper footing I know youl not forget to mention me if a 
Proper Opportunity offers — we are greatly in want of Powder & 
Small Arms I hope Soon to See the Supply your Vigilence has Pro- 
cured us and am S"" Your Very Humble S* 

Theodore Atkinson 

P : S : I have ord*^ M"" Jones, to pay 2/3 of my Sallary to the 
Surv"" Gen^ So that he must Acco* with you for the other third & youl 
Cred^ my Acco with it I now Send my Diary to Michaelmass Last 

as we cant live without our Mother Country I hope youl Ex- 
cuse my Trobblesom mem° one of which I now Send — the Ladies 
they are for Salute you & M""^ Thomlinson I Joyne with them & am 

Yours T A 

I must alsoe Desire you would Send me Pattern of Silk for a Gown 
^ mem° 

I have alsoe Sent by Cap* Adams a bundle of Silk gouns to be 
Scouerd Dyed &c^ My nece Mrs Osburne to whom they belong has 
given Directions to the Dyer. Pray Let them be well done & re- 
turnd — Advise me what M"" Longs ballance is — 

[The remainder of the Thomlinson and Atkinson correspondence 
will be printed in connection with other provincial papers in chrono- 
logical order. — Ed.] 



\List^of the Men zuho Hired the ";^25ooo Loan.'' 


See Vol. v., p. 

Memorandum of those Persons that have hired the ;^25ooo Loan 



Decem'' i 


I Tobias Langdon 


2 Henry Sherburne Jun'' 


3 Hunking Wentworth 


4 Cap' Thomas Wright 


5 Daniel Peirce 


6 Elisha Plaisted Esq'' 


7 Jacob Treadwell 


8 Cap' Nathaniel Mendum 


9 John Frost 


10 Cap' John Knight 


II John Banfill 


12 Joseph Norton 


13 Mark He Wentworth 


14 Samuel Wentworth 


15 Daniel Jackson 


16 John GrifFeth 


17 Henry Sherburne Esq'' 


18 Theodore Atkinson Esq'' 


19 Thomas Ayres 


20 Daniel Warner Esq'' 


21 Benj«' Phillbrick 


22 James Libbey' 


23 Cap' George Walker 


24 Joseph Peirce Esq'' 


25 Joshua Peirce Esq' 


26 Thomas Berry 


27 John Dam 


28 James Berry 


29 Samuel Leavit 


30 Simon Fogg 


31 Zachariah Brown 



32 Thomas Cram ^50 

j,2) Samuel Gilman Esq"" 200 

34 Jonathan Dearborne 100 

35 James Perkins 25 

36 Joshua Wingate Jun'' 25 

37 Edward Lock 50 

38 Benjamin Swett Jun"' 50 

39 Peter Gilman Esq"" 200 

40 Amos Knowles 100 

41 Jonathan Hillyard 75 

42 Jotham Odiorne Jun'' Esq 200 

43 John Sherburne 200 

44 Benj Swett 50 

45 Jonathan Gordon 25 

46 Abner Fogg 100 

47 Joseph Sherburne Esq 100 

48 John Bergen 25 

49 John Leavitt 25 

50 Obadiah Marsten 25 

51 Nathaniel Webster 50 

52 Jonathan Page 25 

53 Moses Perkins 25 

54 Nathaniel Drake 50 

55 Shubal Sanborne 25 

56 Phillip Towe 50 

57 Joseph Wadleigh 100 

58 Joseph Blake 50 

59 John Robinson Jun'' 50 

60 Walter Bryent 50 

61 David Swett 50 





62 Nathan Sanborne 

63 Thomas Webster 

64 Samuel Marshall 

65 Edmund Rand 

66 Hezekiah Swain 

67 Rob' Hinkson 

68 George Janverin 

69 Samuel Doe 

70 Nathaniel Doe 

71 Joshua Winget 

72 Bradbury Green 

73 Joseph Twambly 

74 Samuel Chestley 

75 Ezekiel Gilman 

76 Joseph Rawlings 

77 Jethro Pearson 

78 Jonathan Palmer 

79 Caleb Kimball 

80 Nicholas Smith 

81 Jonathan Gove 

82 Joseph Gilman 

83 James Jeffry 

84 Ichabod Tebbets 

85 Richard Sanborne 

86 Gershom Griffeth 

87 Simon Gilman 

88 Robert Perkins 

89 Ellis Huske Esq 

90 Jonathan Prescutt 

91 Eliphet Daniels 

92 Jacob Sanborne 

93 Reuben Alarsten 

94 Jeremiah Bean 

95 William Bennett 

96 John Wedgwood 

97 James Prescutt 

98 Jonathan Swett 

99 Theophilus Wadleigh 
100 Jeremiah Prescutt 
loi Richard Nason 

102 John Sanborn 

103 Joseph Hall 

104 Nathaniel Healey 

105 John Tebbets 

106 Timothy Dal ton 

107 Daniel Marsten 

108 Christopher Palmer 

109 Joshua Brown 
no Phillip GrifFen 

111 Joseph Pike 

112 William Clifford 


113 John Purmot 

114 Thomas Mardain 

115 Israel Gilman 

I 116 Joseph Greeley 

117 Benjamin Mathes 

118 Dudly Hardy 

; 119 Jonathan Durgen 

) 120 Thomas Tufts 


; 121 Joseph Young 

) 122 James Tuttle 

; 123 Daniel Gilman 

> 124 Nehemiah Brown 

) 125 Benjamin Thomas 

; 126 David Conner 

; 127 Benjamin Hobbs 
-2800 128 Benjamin Sanborn 

; 129 Nathaniel Ladd 

) 130 Nathan Clough 

; 131 Cartee Gilman 

) 132 Joseph Fellows 

> 133 Joseph Batcheldor Jun"" 
; 134 Jonathan Tilton 

) 135 Benjamin Perkins 

; 136 Richard Sinkler 

) 137 John Gilman Tertius 

) 138 Samuel Wille 

; 139 Jedidiah Prescutt 

) 140 John Conner 

) 141 Isaac Libbey 

; Janyy'=2d [1744] 

J 142 Joseph Addams 

; 143 John Currier 

; 144 Richard Hubbard 

3 145 William Shackford 

; 146 Samuel Fabyan 

; 147 John Mackleroy 

5 148 Caleb Wakeham 

5 149 John Mason 

; 150 Benjamin Mason 

D 151 Joseph Bickford 

; 152 Elisha Swett 

D 153 Samuel Moore Esq"" 

154 Enoch Sanborne 

5 155 Eliphelet Cromwell 

5 156 Benjamin We\mouth 

5 157 Thomas Davis 

5 158 Thomas Leighton 

) .159 John Downing Esq' 

' 160 Jonathan Clark 























161 Nicholas Gilman Jun"^ 

162 John Huntoon 

163 Daniel Young 

164 John Young 

165 James Hearsay 

166 Solomon Cotton 

167 William Loverin 

168 John Hoeg 

169 Joshua Neal 

170 Aron Sleeper 

171 Nathan Svvett 

172 Joshua Woodman 

173 Elisha Winslo 

174 Robert Martin 

175 Andrew Todd 

176 John Fifeild Jun'' 

177 Eleazer Coleman 

178 William Chase 

179 Noah Barker 

180 Robert Boyes 

181 Richard DollofF 

182 Jonathan Gilman 

183 Hugh Montgomery 

184 William Ay res 

185 Jonathan Lock 

186 Jonathan Downing 

187 Benjamin Easman 

188 John Perkins 

189 Joseph Wadleigh 

190 Robert how Jun' 

191 Charles & John Cox 

192 John Sanborne 

193 Joseph Row 

194 Clement Jackson Esq' 

195 Joseph Scribner 

196 Joseph Davis Jun' 

197 Benjamin Davis 

198 William Long 

199 Hubbard Stevens 

200 William Calf 

201 Hezekiak Blake 

202 Samuel Renken 

203 Joshua Pickerin 

204 Jedidiah PhilbVick 

205 David M'^Clure 

206 Benjamin Jewett 

207 Richard Denbo 

208 Daniel Sanborn 

209 Nathaniel Webster 

210 Samuel Blake 

211 John Gilman Jun' 

































- 25 










































































Benjamin Jenkins 
Stephen Marden 
Ebenezer Berry 
Sam^ & Jon** I'iper 
John Wille Jun-- & Tho« W 
Edward Taylor 
Thomas Smith 
Theophilus Smith 
John Talford 
Joseph Atkinson 
Benjamin Thing 
John Ramsey 
John Underbill 
Edward & Joseph Small 
John Sleeper 
Jonathan Sanders 
Joshua Davis 
Andrew Wiggen Jun' 
Samuel Welsh 
Jonathan Thompson 
Benjamin Roberts 
Abrabam Smith 
David Hopkins 
Andrew Thompson 
Samuel Graham 
John French 
William Frost 
Walter & Sam' Neal 
Joseph Burley 
James Heath Jun' 
Hugh Ramsey 
Andrew Wiggen Esq' 
John Daverson 
Samuel & Jon* Sanborn 
Samuel Sanborn 
Thomas Wiggen Jun' 
Stephen Thirsten 
Samuel Ingols 
Simon Wiggen 
Jonathan Rawlings 
Hugh Willson 
Jonathan Jones 
Samuel Goodhew 
John Willee Jun' 
John Sinkler 
Trueworthy Dudly 
Samuel Houston 
Alexander Walker 
Richmond Henderson 
Caleb Wakeham 
John Salter 
John Edgerly 











[Torn out.] 












264 Beniamin Young £2^ 

265 John Jennes 150 

266 Stephen Pendergrast 100 

267 Joseph Rawlings 50 

268 Ebenezer Down 50 

269 John Downing Tertius 200 

270 Abraham Nute 25 

271 James Cochran 50 

272 James Varnum 50 

273 Reuben Chestley 50 

274 Joshua Downhig 50 

275 Ebenezer Davis 50 
376 Ebenezer Wentworth 25 

277 Abraham&JethroBatchelder 50 

278 David Vance 

279 Samuel French 

280 Thomas Tuttle 

281 Job Jennes 

282 Samuel Varney 

283 Nathaniel Varney 

284 Paul Varney 

285 William Thom 

286 Timothy Johnson 

287 Nathaniel Sargent Esq'' 

288 Joseph Astin 

289 Elijah Tuttle 

290 James Perkins 

291 Samuel Easman 

292 Abner Clough 

293 Clement Ham 

294 John Heraman 

295 Joseph Clark 

296 Thomas Webster 

297 Jonathan Corles 

298 John i\^Crelles Jun'' 

299 Mark Giles 

300 Mathew Neley 

301 Walter Bryent 

302 Joseph Drew 

303 Benjamin Hiiiard 

304 William King Esq 

305 Henry Dearbon Jun'' 

306 Richard Hussey 

307 John Jennes 

308 Mark Jennes 

309 Joseph Richards Jun'' 

310 James Place 

311 John Coffe 

312 Nathan Hoeg 

313 Joseph Ciarland 

314 John Tuttle 










315 Nicholas Tuttle 

316 Nicholas Perryman 

317 Daniel Gale 
Feby i 

318 George Veasey Jun'' 

319 John Scribner 

320 Mary Nason 
3? I Charles BanfiU 

322 Benjamin Cram 

323 Job Clements 

324 Jethro & Richard Bickford 

325 Ephraim Clough 

326 JohnWadleigh 

327 Samuel Walton 


200 341 





Jacob Gale 
Nathaniel Hanson 
John Knight 
John Heraman 
Zachariah Edgerly 
Nathaniel Lammus 
Joseph Hall Esq 
Jeremiah Green 
Benjamin Batcheldor 
Daniel Carter 
Solomon Clark 
Orlando Bagly 
Nathaniel Wright White 
James Hobbs 
Jonathan Longfellow 
John Loverin 
Phillip Conner 
Thomas Varney 
Noah Barker 
John Tebbets 
Joshua Cromwell 
Joseph Rawlins 
Jacob Tilton 
Richard Hazzen 
Abraham Sanborne 
William Pottle 
John Watts 
Nathaniel Bartlet 
Richard Pashley 



















I op 













365 Joshua Jackson 


'366 Clement March Esq 


367 Robert Light 


368 Abial Austin 


369 Thomas Pickerin 


370 John Woodman 


371 Ichabod Kenney 


372 John French 


373 John Bickford 


374 Richard Kelly 


375 Isaac Clough 


376 Daniel Cresey 


377 Stephen Lang Jun' 


378 Samuel Magoon 


379 John Sherburne 

- 25 

380 John Wentworth Jun' 


381 Solomon Davis 


384 John Murro 


385 Eleazer Coleman 


386 Richard Jennes 


387 John Aiken 


388 Samuel French Jun'' 


389 Thomas Wathen 


390 Josiah Oilman 


391 George Walton 


392 Samuel Weeks Jun'' 


393 John Dusten 




394 John Merrell 


395 John Stuart 


396 James Maxwell 


397 Moses Stevens 


398 John Knowles 


399 George Jaffrey Esq"" 


400 Rev'i Nathanie' Merrell 


401 Rev^ Josiah Swan 


402 Benjamin Miller 


403 Moses Dennett 


404 Samuel Hutchins 


405 Jonathan Woodman 


406 Daniel Meader 


407 Hatevil Leighton 


408 John Leighton 

409 Samuel Weeks 

410 [Torn off to 420.] 

420 William King Esqr 


421 Thomas Packer Esqr 


422 William Parker Esqr 


423 John Hight 


424 Moses Hoyt 


425 Thomas Peirce Esq 


426 Cornelius Conner 


427 John Gove 


— 425 


The foregoing is a Copy contains the Persons names & the Sums 
Each Person Borrowd of the Twenty five thousand pound Loan — 

June 23<^ 1745 Thpnri AtVin.nn I , ^^^^'"\" 

of y® Comitte 


\Governor Wentzvorth to Board of Trade, 1744.] 

[Copied from a Manuscript obtained in London by the New Hamp- 
shire Historical Society, in 1888.] 

Public Record Office of England 

Colonial Correspondence — Board of Trade New Hampshire 

Benning Wentworth to Board of Trade 

23 January 1743/4 

L. S. 

[Endorsed] — New Hampshire — Letter from M"" Wentworth Gov'' 
of New Hampshire to the Board, dated at Portsmouth y'^ 23"^^ of 
Jan-7 1743/4 

Rec"^ March 16'*" ) 1743/4 Duplicate — (orig^ not Rec*^ when 

Read April 17''' \ 1744 this came) p"" the Pelham Mast Ship 

Cap' P. Thomlinson 

Portsmouth New Hampshire January 23^ 1743/4. 
My Lords 

In obedience to your Lordships Commands Signified to me the 14'^' 
of July last, I shall endeavour to set the Impediments to the Settle- 
ing and increase of this Province in the clearest light I am Capable 
of. The first difficulty is, the Massachusetts claim three Miles North 
of Merrimack from the Sea, to Pantucket falls, this claim that Gov- 
ernment made before the Commissioners Court at Hampton and no 
further North, notwithstanding which, the Towns of Salisbury, Ames- 
bury, Haverhill, Dracut, and Dunstable, have heretofore extended 

their grants of Common Land as they called 
A. Disputes abont the it, some five, others Seven, and Haverhill 
Property of Lands and near Eleven miles North of Merrimack, 
limits of ToivnsJiips on whereby the towns of Hampton, Kingston, 
aceount of the IncroacJi- Chester and London Derry are incroached 
ments of the MassacJut- upon, which occations a dispute between 
sets Colony in the Prov- these Towns, as to the Property of the Land, 
i7tce of N. Ha^npshire. this dispute between Hampton and Salis- 
bury with the Eastern end of Kingston I 
have been able to reconcile to the Satisfaction of all partys, and have 
incorporated the Inhabitants into a Township, by the name of South 
Hampton, but from the West end of South Hampton to Pantucket 
falls, and from thence on a West line where it crosses Merrimack 
River, there remains a Narrow Strip of Land on which may be near 



four hundred familys, settled in Virtue of Town and Provinciall 
grants made by the Massachusetts to the people in possession, which 
the Towns of Kingston Chester and London-Derry claim, by Virtue 
of their Charters granted by New Hampshire, the Charter of Kings- 
ton was forty eight years, and Chester and London Derry about 
Twenty Six years Since ; the Southern boundary of these towns was 
to be the Province Line, which they now say, is the Similar Curve 
line, by His Majestys determination. I was hopeing the Measures I 
had taken with respect to South Hampton would have Influenced the 
Settlers on this Strip of Land, and the Towns on New Hampshire 
Side, to have entered into an agreement among themselves, but they 
are obstinately Set on both Sides, and are dayly Commencing Law 
Suits with one another, and unless they are restrained, the Conten- 
tion will Issue in the ruin, both of the one and other party, The plea 
the Towns holding under New Hampshire make, is, that while they 
were under the Governor of the Massachusetts, they were prevented 
from Improveing these Lands, tho' their claim was as good then as 
now, which gave the people now in Possession an opportunity of 
Improving which they were debarred of. The only relief I can 
offer in behalf of these Inhabitants on this Strip of Land (if it 
should be His Majesties Pleasure, and meets with your Lordships 
Approbation) is, that I may have a Possitive, or prudential Instruction, 
to Incorporate these Inhabitants, into as many townships, as the 
Land, and their Circumstances will admitt of, Seting off to Each 
family, a reasonable portion of Land, according to the Improvements 
they have made ; or that New Charters be given to Kingston, Ches- 
ter and London-Derry, leaving these Inhabitants out of their New 
Charter, to be Incorporated into Towns ; neither of which can be 
any Injury done Kingston Chester or London-Derry, since each of 
these Towns will after that be made Larger, than the Towns, I am 
permitted to grant by His Majesties Instructions. 

My Lords From Pantucket falls to the Northward of the West 
line, I am not apprehensive of any other Difficulty, than from the 
grants made by the Massachusetts, of a great number of Towns 
refer'd to in M'' Hutchinsons Petitions, and many other private grants, 
in the same Lands, not taken any notice of in said Petitions, made 
by that Government, which grants were made by the Governor Coun- 
cil and Assembly, who have the power of granting Lands in that 
Province, and were pretended to be made for services done the Gov- 
ernment, which at that time had not so good an aspect, and looks 
more like takeing Possession of the Kings Lands, at the time the 
appeal was depending before His Majesty, than rewarding the persons 
to whom the grants were made, for their Services, more particularly 


Since that Government might have made ample provision for the 
persons who had done these Services in the Province of Main, where 
they have more than one hundred Miles Square ungranted. 

I have made the Nicest Enquiry how far the Grantees have pro- 
ceeded to Comply with the Terms of the Grants, according to the 
practice and Custom of that Government, and find that few or none 
have Comply' d, and many of the Towns have not made the Least 
advance towards it : where I have found any Inhabitants, I have In- 
couraged them to remain on the Lands, untill His Majesties Pleasure 
shall be known thereon. 

Upon the grants of Townships on the West side of Merrimack, 
and the private grants, lying between the Rivers Merrimack and Con- 
necticut, I have demanded the advice of His Majesty's Council, Who 

unanimouslv advised me to have no regard 

B. The Go-if desires to any grants made by the Massachusetts 
the Boards directions in on those Lands, inasmuch as there was no 
relation to Grants of reaserve made of the pine trees growing 
Land made by the Mas- thereon for His Majesty's Service, and that 
sachnsetts Gov^ to the the Grants were made even while the ap- 
west^ of Merrimack Riv- peals lay before His Majesty : In which point 
er in the Province of I am very clear my Self, but as I would act 
N. Hampshire. Cautiously in this Case ; I shall hope to re- 
ceive your Lordships directions therein, 

which I shall esteem a better authority, than my own opinion, or the 
advice of the Council. 

The removal of this Impediment will have the greatest tendency 
to Increase this Province, when the affairs of Europe are Settled, at 
Present the Inhabitants are discouraged from making Settlements far 
back. Least there should be a French war. But I am very Certain 
that in four or five years after a General peace is Concluded, and all 
Impediments removed. New Hampshire will near double her Inhab- 

C. He complains of a By His Majesties Instructions I am re- 
hardship in being re- strained from granting more than fifty acres 
strained to the Small of Land to each person belonging to a fam- 
Grants of fresh Land ily Servants Included, which I hope your 
to new Settlers. Lordships will permit me to Say, is not so 

well Calculated for the Northern Govern- 
ments on the Continent, because few or none of our Inhabitants, have 
any Servants Blacks or Whites, their familys consisting of the Man, 
his Wife and Children, and therefore the practice of granting Town- 
ships in this Government has allways been to grant Si.x Miles Square 
to not less than Sixty Such familys, and not more than one hundred, Re- 


serving in each Town five hundred acres for the Minister, and five 
hundred acres for the School, the grantees being obHged in five years 
after the Date of the Charter to Erect a House for the Public Wor- 
ship, to clear and Improve Ten acres of Land, and build a House and 
other suitable Conveniencies for each family and go on with addi- 
tional Improvements, otherwise the Charter is Vacated, and the Land 
reverts to the Crown. 

The Increase of this Province is not so much owing to Strangers 
comeing into it as to the Natural Increase of the Inhabitants, in this 
manner, Such as have large familys of Children, and small Posses- 
sions in the old Towns, sell these small tracts, and with the money, 
purchase Cattle, and other necessaries, in order to make improvements 
in the New Towns, for the benefit of their Children, and unless they 
can- have from three to" five hundred acres to a family, they don't 
think it a Suitable Incouragement, as the Lands before their Labour, 
and Industry is Laid out upon it, is of Little or no Value. 

As His Majesties 40'*^ Instruction now stands, it will introduce a 
New method of Granting Lands in this 
D. He says the old Province, which I conceive may hinder the 
Manner of grantmg Settlement of the Kings Lands, as no in- 
Lands to new Settlers conveniency has heitherto arisen to the 
is mnch the best for the Crown, in the manner Lands have hereto- 
hicrease of People in fore been granted, it will be more Incourag- 
N. Hampshire. ing to the Inhabitants to have the grants 

made in the way they are already acquainted 
with, (reserving the Quit rents to His Majesty, which I have taken a 
great deal of pains to reconcile the people to,) Least Evil minded 
persons should Lay Stumbling blocks in the way, in order to draw 
them off to other parts, where they are under no restraint whatsoever. 
I must beg leave to observe to your Lordships, that by His Majes- 
ty's Instructions I am not permitted to grant Townships to any 

Society of persons whatsoever, let the ad- 
is. He zvants poiver vantage be never so apparently beneficial to 
to grant Tozunships to the Crown, I mention this because I have 
Societies zvho would go had Sundry applications from persons of 
from England & Ireland ability and Substance, (whose Inclination 
on those Conditions. leads them to remove into this part of the 

world) in the North of Ireland and in Eng- 
land, who would oblige themselves to Settle and Improve Several 
Townships, with Sixty familys Each, within five years of the date of 
the Grant, and bring over Considerable Substance with them, in order 
to Erect a Linen Manufactory, and the raiseing Hemp and 


Great advantages Flax. If I might be permitted to 
Expected frovi Scttlhig give Incouragement to these Gentlemen, 
ToivnsJiips by English it would give a New Spring to this 
and Irish ivho under- Province, and might be a means of Set- 
stand how to raise tleing a great part of the Kings Lands, 
Hemp & Flax. which otherwise will Lay uncultivated for 

many years. The flourishing State of Penn- 
sylvania is in a great degree owing to the Introduction of Strangers, 
and the Natural Increase of our Inhabitants will make but Slow ad- 
vances in cultivating that great body of Land to the Westward of 
Merrimack, and to the Northward of the great Lake or Pond Wine- 
piseoka, where the Lands are thought to be more Natural for raiseing 
hemp and Flax than for Corn, and the present Inhabitants are wholly 
unacquainted with Hemp, and very little with Flax, therefore I am of 
the opinion that nothing will be more advantageous to the Crown, 
than the Introduction of such people, the Kings Lands will be Sooner 
Cultivated, and Improved, and the Quit rents more regularly paid, 
and more Easily Collected. 

The last thing I shall trouble your Lordships with, is upon the 
Subject of quit rents, which By His Majestys 39''' Instruction is Gen- 
eral, and without reserve, in all grants to be 

F. a Difficulty ap- made by me. The original Grant from the 
pears in Levying quit Crown of New Hampshire was to Extend 
rents in the Lands zuith- Sixty Miles from the Sea into the main 
in the ancient bounds of Land, and the present Inhabitants haveing 
Ne%v Hamp'' on which been at great Expence in defending this 
he desires Instructions, grant, think that so far as that Grant Ex- 
tended, the Land ought not to be Subject 
to Quit rent, there being no mention made of it in the first grant. 

The assembly has desired me to Satisfiie them in that point, which 
I have defcr'd till I had Stated the Case to your Lordships. 

That Tract of land from Merrimack river down to the Sea is gen- 
erally granted into Townships, and from the South End of Winepise- 
oka pond East to Newichwannok River, there remains only Land for 
five or six townships according to the best accounts I can have. 

And if it should be His Majesty's Pleasure to let the Quit rents 
Commence to the Westward of Merrimack, the Crown could only 
Loose the Quit rents of about five or Six Townships, and the diffi- 
culties would be removed I should otherwise meet with, and the In- 
habitants would have no great reason to Comj^lain of any hardships 
on that account. 

The agent for the Province will receive directions from the Gen- 
eral Assembly to use his endeavours to obtain a dismission of the 


Petitions presented by Thomas Hutchinson 
G. The agent of the Esq'' at the Council office, and I hope your 
Province %vill endeavdnr Lordships will take the difficulties, and Im- 
to have M^ Hutchinso?is pediments I have mentioned under Consid- 
Petitions dismissed at eration, for the Situation the Inhabitants 
the Co?incil office. are now in, who hold under the Massachu- 

setts grants on the Strip of Land, between 
the Province line, and Kingston Chester and London-Derry, will 
finally Impoverish both sides, they have already had some Tryalls in 
our Courts, tho' Contrary to my advice, and the Jurys have allways 
found against the Inhabitants in possession, under grants of the 

I have in the best manner I could Stated to your Lordships, the 
Impediments to the Increase of this Government, and the difficulties 
I may Expect to meet with, in respect to grants of Land, and the 
Quit rents arising to the Crown, all which I humbly Submit to your 
Lordships, and beg leave to subscribe myself 

My Lords your Lordships Most faithfull Servant 

B. Wentworth 
The Right Hon^^^ the Lords Commissioners for Trade and Plantations 

[3-1 1 1] \Conunittee'' s Report relative to Men Raised in 1743.] 

Province of New Hampshire February 27"" 1744 — 
In Pursuance of a Vote of the Generall Assembly bearing date 
Jan^ 30*^ 1744 — appointing Us a Committee to enquire into the 
Grants that have been made of Men in the Year past, for the defence 
of the Government to receive the Muster Rolls consequent thereupon, 
Examine them, & make Speedy Report unto the Generall Assembly, 
In Order for their Allowance, having taken into Consideration the 
same, make Our Report as follows — Viz' 

That in May 23"^ 200 Men were granted for One Month 

amos to ■ ^^250 — 

That June 23"^ 150 Men were granted half a month at 25/ 

as above 
That July 16*^ 30 Men were granted One Month at 25/ 
That Aug 23^^ 40 men were granted One Month at D° 
That Dec' 21^* 21 men were granted Two Months at D° 

w* amounts to in the Whole ;!^487,, 10 










Upon Carefully Examining the Muster Rolls, wee also find that 
there has been a number of Men under Command of Coll° Peter Gil- 
man from 25*'^ of May to the 23^ July follow^ amounting to as by his 
Acco^ ^ 2^90,, 17,, 5 

also Coll° Joseph Blanchard at 25/ ^ Each man ^ m° 
according to the time being from 27"^ May to the 
3^^ Septem'' follow^ amo^ to as ^ acco' 163,, 12,, 10 

Cap' Henry Sherburn from 29"' May to 20-^ Sep'' follow- 
ing as by Two Muster Rolls amount^ 88,, 12,, 6 
Cap' John Gage from 30"^ Aug' to 26"' Sep'' follow^ 15,, 10 — 
Cap' Jon* Chesly for 16 days 29,, 16 — 
Cap^ Jerem*^ Clough from 26 of June to 18''' Decern'' by 

Two Muster Rolls 41,, oi„ 10 

Benj'' Mathews for Two Muster Rolls for 24 days 

amounts to 14,, — ,, 6 

Josiah Willard from 30"^ May to 6''' Sep'' follow^ amount- 
ing to 113,, o8„ — 

Amount of Muster Rolls ;^556„ 19,, i 

John Downing 

Sam' Solly 
Meshech Weare 
John Fabyan 

[3-1 1 2] 

[ Warrant for the Arirst of Cyprian Jaffrey, for an Assault on a Man- 
bcr of the House, 1744.] 

Province of ) To the Sheriff of the Province of New Hamps^ — 
New Hamps^ \ Greeting 

Whereas Cyprian Jeffrey of Portsmouth in Said Province 
L. s. Shopkeeper On the thirteenth Day of february Instant at 
Portsmouth aforesaid made an assault on the Body of Tho- 
mas Wallingsford of Dover in Said Province Esq"^ Then and now being 
a member of the House of Representatives for Said Province during 
the Sitting of the General Assembly of Said Province and him the 
Said Thomas Wallingsford then and there Evilly treated affronted & 
abused Which the Said House have Voted to be an Insult affr«nt 
And Indignity offered to the Said House And that the Said Cyprian 
Jeffry should be forthwith bro't before the House to be Examined 
touching the Premises and Dealt with According to the Laws & Cus- 
toms in such case made used & Approved 


You are therefore hereby Required in his Majestys Name to Ap- 
prehend the body of the Said Cyprian Jeffry and him bring forthwith 
before the House of Representatives aforesaid to be dealt with ac- 
cording to the Said Laws & Customs And As to Justice doth Apper- 
tain and for your so doing this shall be your Sufficient Warrant 
Given Under My hand And Seal at Portsmouth aforesaid the 1 5''^ 
Day of February in the iS''^ Year of his Majestys Reign 

N Rogers Speaker 

Prov* of ) March 4*'' 1 744 

New Hamp"" \ I have taken the body of the within Named Cyprian 
Jeffery And brought him before the Honorable House 

Tho« Packer Sh-" 

[Mr. Jaffrey was released on making an apology before the House. 
See Vol. v., p. 305. — Ed.] 

[3-1 1 3] \B ill for Poivder Furnished a DetacJinient, 1 744.] 

In obedance to His Excelences order to me for Twenty five men to 
march to Exeter Thay forth with marched, but found no powder Sent for 
them, nor not any to be Bought upon applycation to the Select men of 
Hampton town thay waire Emmedatly Supply ed with halfe a pound 
for Each man amounting to Twelve pound & a halfe which I Rec'^ 
and Sent to Exeter by m"" John Hobs thair Commander — 

Hampt June 13* 1744 Rec"^ ^ Joshua Wingate 

D"" The Province of New Hamps^ to the Select Men of Hampton 
1744 To 12 Pound & 1/2 of Powder Deliverd for his Maj- 
estys Service By Order of Coll Wingate at 3^ p"" 
Pound Amounting to ;^i : 17 : 6 

In Behalf of the 

Samuel Palmer ■> o i ^ r tt 

Selectmen 01 Hampton 

Prov^ of N Hamp'' In the House of Rep''^^^ Ap' y^ 10*'^ 1745 
Voted that y^ a*^'^' be allow'' & paid out of the money in the Treasury 
to defray the Charge of the war it amounting to one pound Seven- 
teen Shillings & 6 Hen Sherburne Clerk 

In Council Eod™ Die read & Concurred 

Theod Atkinson Sec"^ 

Eod"" Die Assented to B Wentworth 

War : 4*^ May 


[3-1 14] {Bills for Repairs at Fort William and Mary, 1744.] 

1744 Province of Newhamps^ To John Robinson Jun'' • D"" 

to 4 Large Carriages & 4 prs Wlieels (oj ;Q\2 '^re /,48,, — 

3 pre D° Smaller (w, £()„ pre ^27,, — 

4 Large Axeltrees (ai 8/ £ i„ 12,, 
4 D° @, 5/ Mending Rings 10/ £—„ 15,, 

to 10 dayes Work @ 15/ £ 7„ io„ 

to 10 D^ (w. 15/ ^ £ 7» io„ 

Expences in Drink £—„ n,, 

^92,, 18 

to 2 Small axeltrees @ 5/ Each 10 

£92>„ 8 
John Robinson 
July 3"^ 1744 Richard Galley 

John Robinson & Richard Galley made oath that the Wheels Gar- 
riages & axeltrees above Gharged were delivered at his Maj'>'^ Fort 
W'" & Mary — before — Sam^^ Gilman Jus : of peace 

July 3 — 1744 allow'^ 

In the House of Representatives July 4^^' 1744: 
Voted/ That the within accompt be allowed and paid out of the 
Publick Treasury, the Sum of Nienty three pounds Eight Shillings 
(old tenor) in full of the within accompt and that it be paid out of 
the Money Laid in for Repaire of Fort W'" & Mary 

James Jeffry Gle"" ass"' — 

Prov. New Hamp'' In Gouncil July 14''' 1744 — 
read & Goncurrd Theodore Atkinson Se"^' 

Eod™ Die Assented to B Wentworth 


Stretham June yM8 — 1744 

Then Received of And"" Wiggin Esq"" five pear of wheels and five 
pear of Garriges and five Exeltrees Which I promas to Deliver at the 
forte William and Mary at newcastel in Newhampshire for His Maj- 
estys Use Received by me 

Joseph Miller 


[3-1 1 5] 

Province of N Hamps'' to An^ Wiggin Esq'' D"" 

June 1 8 to I pre Large Wheels Carri^ & axel Trees 
to 4 pre of Wheels (w £6 pre 
to 4 axeltrees 2 at 8/ pre & 2 @ 5/ 
to Timber for 4 Carriages 
to making 4 Carriages 
to 2 dayes my Self & Horse 
to Expences to the Workmen & Gundulow 
to p'^ M"" Pottle for mending Hoopes for y*" Carriages 

£62,, 13 
And"" Wiggin 
In the House of Representatives July 2^ — 1/44 
Voted/ That the above ace* be allowed and paid out of the Publick 
Treasury out of the Money Laid in for Repair of Fort W" & Mary 
the Sum of Sixty two pounds thirteen Shillings (old Tenor) — 

James Jeffry Cle'' ass™ 

July 14'h 1744 — 

In Council read & Concurrd Theod Atkinson Se"^ 

Eod" Die Assented to B Wentworth 





£ i„ 






£ 2„ 


£ „ 




[3- II 6] \Letter from G. Clinton to Governor Wejitworth.'\ 

New York 2 July 1744 

S"" I am fav'' with yours of the i S*"" June & am obliged for your 
Compliments upon My Safe arrival here, 

I am glad to find your Governm* So readily inclin'd to Support the 
common Cause, to which I Shall not faile to contribute all I can — 

My Interview with the Indians was calculated for the advantage of 
his Maj*'^^ Collonies in Gen'^ and I hope my meeting them So early, 
will answer the Expections I had therefrom. 

But to prevent the Excursions of the French in to any of the 
Northern Provinces from their Fort at Crown Point, it will be neces- 
sary to build a Fort Some little distance from it, and Garrison it at 
the Common Charge of the neighbouring Provinces, till measurs can 
be taken Jointly to demolish that Fort & drive the French to the 
other End of the Lake againe I am verry truly S'' your Excelly^ 
most obedient humble Servant 

G Clinton 
His ExceRy Ben Wentworth Esq"" Copy 


[3-1 1 7] \_George Jaffrey, Jr., relative to Recoj'ds of Court.'] 

Province of New Hampshire, Portsmouth July y^ 13'*^ 1/44 
To the Honourable The General Assembly of said Province now 
Sitting at Portsmouth — • 

The Memorial of George Jaffrey Jun'' Clerk of His Majesty's Su- 
perior Court of Judicature &ca — Sheweth — 

That on or about the Tenth Day of May last past, M"' Benjamin 
Gambling being Clerk of said Court was then, by Sickness, rendered 
unable to officiate in said Office, when the Honourable the Justices 
of said Superior Court of Judicature did Appoint, and did Adminis- 
ter the oath of Office of His Majesty's Superior Court of Judicature 
to, your Memorialist ; and Sent a written Order to M"" Gambling late 
Clerk, to deliver all the Records Files and Minutes belonging to the 
Said Clerk's Office to me which were received Since M"" Gambling's 
Decease. And that upon looking into the Record-Book the following 
Omission of Recording in Said Book plainly Appear'd ; (viz') That 
there is no Judgement Recorded from February Term 1720, untill 
August Term 1735, and none from August Term 1738, to this time 
— which may be evident to the Honourable Assembly on viewing 
Said Record-Book, which is ready to be produced before them if they 
See meet. And that y^ vacant Pages in Said Record-Book will not 
Contain the Judgements unrecorded in y'^ Minute Books and Files 
now in Said Office ; and there is in the Office, only the said Book for 
Records — And that all the Files and Minutes, with Said Record- 
Book, your Memorialist Received (which at the Reception, were de- 
clared to be the whole Number & Quantity that did Appertain to the 
Clerk of the Said Superior Courts Office) all which are now carefully 
Reposited in the Office of your Memorialist. 

Which State and Condition of the said Office as I now find it, I 
think myselfe in Duty bound to make known to the honourable Gen- 
eral Court Sitting in General Assembly ; as also to produce or relate 
anything further appertaining to Said Office for their Consideration, 
which they shall think meet to require — 

All which is humbly presented to the Honourable General Assem- 
bly now Sitting at Portsmouth — 

By George Jaffrey Jun"" Clerk of His Majesty's Super'' Court 

of Judicature &c^ within and for the Province of New Hampshire — 

[3~i 19] \_List of Men Sent to Manage Gondolas.] 

Portsmouth July 17"' 1744 — 
Sir, — I have your order of the 7"^ Ultimo Acquainting me that 


His Excellencey desired I would send down propper men to manage 
the Gondulo's for Transporting Sods to the Fort WilHam & Mary, 
which I have done Accordingly & here returne a list of theire Names 
as below, And am, Sir, Your most h^'^ Serv' 

June 20"* James Clarkson 

Richard Evens Samuel Lang Caleb Hacker 

Eben"" Jackson Peter Mathews Thomas Harts Serv* 

George Seaward William Adam Frances Gammon 

George Huntriss Oliver Tucker David Gammon 

John Cotton John Noble John Fickett 

Nath^ Melsher Sam^ Triggs James Clarkson Jun*" 

Henry Bak Thomas Loud hired Henry Bak 

Israel True Jotham Odiornes Serv* Tho^ Hart Serv'for him 

Cap' Nath^ Jones Serv' John Shackfords Serv' Obediah Marshalls ditto 
Joseph Gray Henry Bak for Caleb Ezekiel Gummer 

Rowland Green 
Samuel Monson 

the Above men being Sent to the Fort As Above Served Seven 
Days Each — 

James Clarkson Serv* Jon^ Boothby was pressed by Major Green- 
leaff' s order to y'^ Fort as a Sold"' and Served fifteen Days — July 19''' 
there time is up — 

[Endorsed] On His Majesty's Service To The Hon^^^ Theodore 
Atkinson Esq'' In Portsmouth 

[3-120] \_Matthczu Livcnnore s Memorial, 1744.] 

Province of ) To His Excellency Benning Wentworth Esq'' Gov- 
New Hamp"" \ ernour and Commander in Chief in and over his 
majestys Province of New Hampshire in New England and Captain 
General of the same To the Honorable his majestys Council for said 
Province and House of Representatives in General assembly con- 
vened — 

The Memorial of Matthew Livermore of Portsmouth in the Prov- 
ince of New Hampshire most humbly shews — 

That Since your Memorialist has had a Commission to be Attorney 
General for s"^ Province, there have been Sundry Persons Indicted for 
Capitall offences and Sundry for Counterfeiting the Paper Bills of 
Credit on this or the neighbouring Governments — That at one Term 
one Thomas Molony was Indicted for the Murder of one John Dem- 
edis and tryed for his life — at another Term one Stephen Pendergast 


was Indicted for Rape and tryd for his life at another Term one 

Kenniston was Indicted for a Burglary and tryd for his life — at 
another Term two Persons were Indicted for the Burning a house at 
Dover in s'^ Province — at another Term four Persons were indicted 
for the Murder of one Abigail Dent and Two of them Tryed for 
their lives and at the same Term Two Negros were Indicted for Bur- 
glary, one of which had two Indictments against him — at another 
Term Two Women were Indicted for the murder of their Bastard 
Children Tryd convicted and executed — at another Term A Negro 
woman of Cap* Sam^ Banfill dec'^ was tryd for her life for the murder 
of her bastard child That at another Term one Chapman was Tryed 
for passing counterfeit Money — at another Term Paul Giles and 
Benjamin Gooch were Indicted for passing counterfeit paper Money 

— and Gooch was tryd therefor — at another Term Reuben Daniel 
and Benjamin Mathes were tryd for passing counterfeit paper money 

— at another Term Salathael Denbo was Indicted for passing coun- 
terfeit paper Money (besides sundry others whose names your Memo- 
rialist can't call to mind) That Sundry of s'^ Trials were attended 
with much trouble and difficulty to your memorialist, Especially the 
Trials of the persons prosecuted for the murder of Abigail Dent 
which, with the Special Courts for convening and examining Eviden- 
ces took up a week at least — where your Memorialist was obliged to 
attend — and of the two women that were executed, whose tryals' 
before the Sup"" Court took four days, besides several Special Courts 
for examining witnesses where your memorialist attended — also the 
Tryals of Reuben Daniel and Benjamin Mathes — 

That the fee by law taxed in such Cases is by no Means Equall to 
the burden and difficultys that attend them — Wherefore your Me-- 
morialist prays your Excellency and Honours to take this Memorial 
under your wise and candid consideration and allow your memorialist 
what may be thought reasonable for the afores*^ services — 

Matthew Livermore. 

Feb"^' 22^^ 1743 — 

In the House of Representatives ffeb>' 24th 1743/4 

The within Memorial Read, and Unanimously Voted That in An- 
swer thereto. There be paid the Said Matthew Livermore Esq'' out of 
the Publick Treasury (out of the Money Laid in for Support of Gov- 
ernm* & Contingencies Sic^) the Sum of ten Pounds Proclamation 
Money — James Jeffry Cle"" ass"' — 

In Council July 27"' 1744 — 

the above Vote & read & Concurrd Thcdore Atkinson Se"^' 

Eod"" Die Assented to B Wcntworth 


[3-1 21] [Receipt for aji Indian Delivered to Colonel Willard.'] 

July y'^ 27th 1744 — 
Reed this Day of Cap' Richard Jenneas & John Gage a Commitey 
of the a Sembley of the Province of New hampshir an Inden (old 
man) Neamed Massagunt Which I Promas to Carrey to fort Dummer 
on Conetuticuet [Connecticut] River & Deliver him to Corn" Willord 
for which Truble and Charge I have Reed Seventeen Pounds teen 
Shillings of Gorge Jaffery Esq"" Trasurar for sd Province — 

pr John Spafford 

[3-1 21] \Mate7nal for Fort William and Mary, 1744.] 

Kittery July 16 — 1744 The Provence of New Hamshear Dr 
To solt marsh for sods for y^ fort W'" & Mary Containing 

betwen two & three acors — 40. o. o 

to Lodging y^ men that Cut y^ sods two weeaks & dres- 

ing vitels &c — 5. o. o 

45. o. o 
Richd Cutt Ju' 
In the House of Represen* July the 28th 1744 
voted/ That the above accompt be allowed and paid out of the 
Treasury, out of the Money for Repaire of Fort W"^ & Mary the 
Sum of forty five pounds (old Tenour) James Jeffry Cle"" ass™ 

Eod™ Die read & Concurrd Theod Atkinson Sc^ 

Eod™ Die Assented to B Wentworth 

[3-122] \Fort Account for Repairs, 1744.] 

1744 Province of New Hampshire for Repairs of Fort William and Mary Dr 

To His Ex^^y Entertaining Com- 
mittee &"=" at y'= Fort. ^30,, 

To Nath' Meservy's Acco' 54,, 

To Andrew Wiggen Esq"" for 
Cariages 62,, 

To Ricli"^ Colley & Robinson 
for Ditto. 93,, 


To John Jones's 2"^ Acco' 




To M-- Sparhawk for coal. 



i5>. 3 

To David Boys. Acco' 



To Cap' Jennes. D° 



13. > 

To Jer« Neal D° 



To Rob' Green. D° 




To John Moffat Esq-" D° 





To Richi Cutt for Sods 
To Charles Hovt his Acco' 
To W™ Bucknells. D" 
To John Jones. D° 

To John Shackfords. D" 
To W™ Lock's, D° 

To W" Caverly's. Acco' 
To Thomas Bell.Esq''^ D° 
To M>- Battson's 2 Acco' D" 
To Sundr}' Laborers. 
To Stephen Marches. D" 
To Moses Nobles. D" 
To Tho^ Harts. D" 

To Nath' Furbers. D^' 
To ObediahMarshalls.D" 

To W"^ Neal's. 
To John Randels 
To Will Jones's. 
To Richi NeaPs. 
To M'' Giddings 

down wheels 
To John RandelTs 





b r i n g i n : 































To Mess"^ Wentworth 

& Gooch. D° 21 

To Nath' Lang for feriage 5. 
To M-- Shores for D° o 
To James Clarkson Esq"" 18 

To Jotham Odiorne Juni^ Esq"" 61 
To Richard Perrey his Acco' 20 
To Geo : Jaffrey Esq"' Sundry 

Provisions as pr acco' 115, 

To Riben Snell. 12, 

To Geo: Huntries. 2. 

To Sundry Gundelomen Each 

To Cap' Husk's Acco' 
To Geo : Jaffrey Esq"" 4 Days 
To Theo : Atkinson Esq'' 6 

Days. 7, 

To Joseph Peirce Acco' i , 

To Mark H Wentworth Esq"^ 25, 

.. 10, 

,, o, 

,, 10, 

,, 9. 

,5 12, 

,, o, 

,, II. 

> O. 

, 10, 


, O, 

' 5' 

, o, 

, 10, 

. 4, 

, o 
, o 
. o 
, o 
, o 

. o 
, o 
, 6 

, o 
, o 
, o 

, o 
, o 
, 6 

13.. o 
6,, o 

Towl & C" Labourers. 

^1688, 7, lo 

— ,, I2,,Io 

[Gov. William Shirley, of Massachusetts, to Gov. Bciming Went- 
worth, 1744.] 

[The letters of Governor Shirley to Governor Wentworth are pre- 
served in the "Belknap Papers " in the archives of the New Hamp- 
shire Historical Society. A portion of them were printed in Vols. 
V. and VI. of the Provincial Papers, and the remainder will be 
inserted in this volume. — Ed.] 

[Shirley to JVeutzuorth.] 
[Belknap Papers, Vol. H., p. 192.] 

Boston Sep* 25, 1744. 

Sir, I did not receive your favour of the ''' instant 'till the day 
before I set out with some of my family upon a small Tour to Bristol, 
w'^^ is the reason y' I have had no opportunnity of answering it 'till 
now, w^'^ I hope will not be too late for your purpose. 

As to the intended emission of ;^5500 in bills of Credit, tho' all 
the appropriations of it are exceedingly good, yet I think it would 
have been a very hazardous step for you to have consented to an act 
for that purpose so soon after the very great Indulgence of the Crown 
to your Assembly in permitting 'em to emit so large a sum as 
25,000"^ beyond what was limited by yoin- former Instruction, without 


a suspending clause in it at least to prevent it's taking effect 'till you 
should receive his Maj'ys pleasure upon it : and if the assembly will 
not agree to an act with such a clause inserted in it, and the Governm^ 
should be in absolute want of the bills of Credit I should think it 
safe for you, when the bill had pass'd both houses to transmit a copy 
of it home in order to obtain a new Instruction permitting you to 
supply the Treasury w'*^ that further sum in bills, but y' it would not 
be advisable by any means to consent to the enacting of the bill with- 
out a suspending clause in it. 

The fund provided in the other vote for drawing in the 1 500^*^ in- 
tended new emission is by no means a sufficient one, or more properly 
speaking it is no fund at all for sinking the new bills : and there is 
also another very essential fault in that vote : For the assembly 
thereby assume to themselves the power of erecting forts & garrisons 
in such manner as they think proper, whereas the disposition of that 
matter both as to the manner of building, the materials, the time, & 
place solely appertains to the Captain General, and the assembly have 
no right to intermeddle in it, after they have rais'd the money, any 
further than to appoint a Committee to receive & pay the money to 
workmen & in purchasing materials pursuant to the directions of the 
Kings Governour, I mean, after examining the workmen's acc'^ 
themselves, & y* they may purchase materials of whom they please, 
& agree w''^ what workmen they please in the most frugal manner for 
the province, and to be accountable to the General Assembly for 
their disbursements and application of what they receive ; in all w'^'^ 
the sole direction of the manner y* of building the fort or garrison 
rests on the Captain General, & the Oeconomy [.''] part of making 
prices and agreem** w*^ workmen, artificers and tradesmen pursuant 
to his directions, and receiving & paying the money rests in the Com- 
mittee ; and this is the utmost length w* they ought to be permitted 
to go, and all beyond that is incroachment upon the Kings prerogative. 

At the request of the administrators of poor Capt" Prescot & for 
the sake of his family I now take the liberty. Sir, of mentioning a 
word concerning the Musquets & Bayonets lately belonging to his 
Company w"^^ you have lay'd your hands upon for the use of the prov- 
ince, in w* case it really appears to me plain y' the adm""^ ought to be 
paid by your Governm' for 'em or to have 'em returned ; as to the 
property of the Muskets, by the express terms of the Royal Proclam- 
ation for encouraging men to enlist for the service of the Cuba Ex- 
pedition, at the end of the Expedition they belong to the soldiers, so 
y* such of 'em as were alive at the end of that Expedition or their 
Representatives, if they are since dead, are intitled to demand so 
many muskets of Prescots admin""^ and as to the guns of such soldiers 


of the Company who dyed before the end of the Expedition, upon 
the best Information I can get, the Crown never demands an ace* of 
'em in such case of the Capt° ; For as to the King the arms are sunk 
upon the distribution of 'em and the Captains are accountable to the 
Crown only during the keeping up of the Companies, and not after 
they are disbanded ; and I really can't see upon what just grounds 
your Government can take the arms from the adm''^ without paying 
for 'em. I am w"' much respect & esteem. 

Sir Your Excellency's most obedient Humble servant 

W. Shirley 
His Exc^ Gov"" Wentworth. 

[See Vol. v., p. 257. — Ed.] 

\Shirley to IVeutzvoi^t/i.] 

[Belknap Papers, Vol. H., p. 193.] 

Sir, I have but one moment's time to acknowledge the favour of 
yours w* my packet for w*^^ I am extremely obliged, as also for your 
care of my box — 

I wish you a good Deliverance of Whitefield and a safe arrival of the 
Gunpowder from the Board of Ordnance, and am w''^ great respect 
Your Excellency's most obedient humble servant 

W. Shirley 
Boston October 16 — 1744 

I sent M"" Bastides Letter to him — 

Our Friend M"" Belcher I hear is upon the point of Marriage to a 
Widow w*'' 6000. 
His Exc^ Gov"" Wentworth. 

\_SJiirlcy to Wentivo7'th.'\ 

[Belknap Papers, Vol. H., p. 199.] 

Boston Jany i, 1744 [1745 N. S.] 
Sir, Upon receiving your last favour I ordered the Secretary forth- 
with to make out the proper warrants for you & your Deputies, as 
Surveyor of his Maj'ys Woods, within the late province of Maine; 
But he informs me it is necessary y' y"" Commission should be first 


recorded in His office within this province ; For as all the others are, 
and Col. Dunbar appears upon those records at present to be Surveyor 
■Gen' it should appear in the same manner y' he is superseded by your 
Commission, before any act of Governm' can be properly done upon 
your Commission : I believe this is right and if you will transmit 
your Commission to your Brother or me by the next post I will de- 
liver it with my own hand to the Secretary and will be answerable 
for the return of it with the warrants to the post by his return. 

I hope our friend M'^ Yeamans kept his Christmas w*'' his friends 
in England, and wish you many prosperous new years in your Governm* 
and y' this in particular may prove so ; and am 

Your Exc^^ most obedient Humble ser' 

W. Shirley 
Gov"" Wentworth. 

{^Shirley to IVentzvorth.'] 
[Belknap Papers, Vol. II., p. 200.] 

Boston Jan'y 7, 1744 [1745 N. S.] 

Sir, On Saturday night Gerrish delivered w*'^ his own hand your 
favour inclosing to me the Exemplifications of your two Commissions, 
w'^'^ I will return you by the same hand next week w'^ the proper 
warrants — Cary's arrival here yesterday afternoon in 7 weeks from 
the Downes has made my hands full of business at present, I hear 
by him y* His Maj^^ ship Victory with Admiral Balchen & upwards 
of 1 100 men, 200 of 'em being Gentlemen Volunteers was lost on the 
Coast of France, and not a soul escaped the wreck ; our Troops in 
Flanders are gone into Winter Quarters ; Prince Charles joined w"' 
25, or 30,000 Troops of Poland has put the King of Prussia to a 
continual retreat ; the siege of Coui is raised and' the King of Sar- 
dinia is in high spirits ; the Czarina has given assurances of making 
all Engagem*^good to his Maj'y and the Queen of Hungary in the 
Spring, w"' excuses for not doing it before ; The Dutch have not yet 
declared, nor very near doing it ; and the report of Giberalter's being 
besieged y* is groundless. I am w"' much truth and esteem 
Your Excellency's most obed' Humble servant 

W. Shirley 
His Exc^ Gov'' Wentworth 


\_SJiirley to WentwortJL'\ 

[Belknap Papers, Vol, II., p, 20 l] 

Boston Jany 15, 1744 [1745 N. S.] 
Sir, I have now time only to send the inclosed, which the Secre- 
tary has drawn in the usual form : if there is any thing further wanting 
from me be pleased to let me know it, and it shall be forthwith trans- 
mitted — The Secretary assures me y* there is no preced'of this Gov- 
ernm'^ issuing out warrants to assist in the execution of any Commis- 
sions without first recording the Commissions, & y* it would be deem'd 
an Irregular thing to depart from it : However had there been any 
Inconvenience, that could possibly have arisen to you by the record- 
ing of these Exemplifications, w*^'^ to me are of the same force with 
the Commissions themselves, I would have freely done it, but would 
avoid giving any handle of cavil to opposers, as M"" Whitefield calls 
'em, without any necessity for doing it. 

I shall have the honour of writing to you at large by next post, 
and am w'^ great esteem 

Your Excellency's most obedient Humble servant 

W. Shirley 
His Exc^ Gov'' Wentworth 

[3-124] \_Goveriior s Order to Enlist a Scouting Party, 1745.] 

Province of New Hampshire 

To M' Benj^' Mathews 

You are hereby Authorized to Inlist nine Effective men & take 

them under your Command, & march them forthwith to Newicwan- 

nock river above the Mast men & from thence You are to march to 

Winnipisseake pond, and after Scouting to the Northward of the pond 

a day or two, You are to return to Newicwannock river & to Continue 


to the pond for the rr\ • - ^ *- n 

TIT ^u 1 [Origmal torn.] 

Incluchng the dan — l & j 

Comeing back 

and Carefull in your Marches, and if it should so happen that you 

make any discovery of the Enemy, you are Immediately to return 

and Express an Account thereof to me, when the twenty Days are 

Expired, you are to dismiss your men for Six Days, and give me An 

Account of your March & what has happend — Given at Portsmouth, 

at Arms [?], Janv 11"' 1745 

B Wentworth 



\_Orders to Captain Meservcy to Enlist Men for Cape Breton Expe- 
dition, 1745.] 

Province of New Hampshire 
By his Excellency the Governour, I do hereby Authorize 
L. s. & Im power Cap' Nath' Mesharvy — to beat his drums 
within the Regiment of Militia, whereof Theodore Atkinson 
Esq'' is Colonel, for the enlisting of Voluntiers for his Majesties Ser- 
vice, in the Intended Expedition against the French of Cape Breton • 
for the Conducting of which Expedition, William Pepperrell Esq"" is 
Commander in Chief, — And the said Colonel, with the other Ofificers 
in the said Regiment, are hereby Commanded not to give the said 
Nath^ Mesharvy any Obstruction or Molestation herein, but on the 
Contrary to Afford him all the necessary encouragement & Assist- 
ance for which this is a Sufficient Warrant. 

And the said Nath^ Mesharvy is hereby required not to Suffer this 
Warrant to go out of his hands, nor to give Copies of it to any Per- 
son whatsoever, but after he has made the full use of it, to make re- 
turn thereof into the Secretary's Office. 

Given under my hand & Seal at Portsmouth the 14*'' day of Feb^ 
1744. In the Eighteenth year of his Majesties Reign. 

B Wentworth 
[3-126] [Same to Captain Ezekiel Gilman, Downing's Reg.] 
[3-J27] [Same to John Tufton Mason, Col. Atkinson's regiment.] 
[3-128] [Same to Captain Henry Sherburne, Atkinson's regiment.] 
[3-129] [Same to William Seward : Atkinson's regiment.] 

This has the following return on the back : " By the Verter of this 
Warrand I have Inlisted fortey-six men my selfe Exclewed 

William Seaward " 


[Warrant, same as the foregoing, to Samuel Leavit, in Col. Joshua 
Wingate's regiment, with the following names on the back. — Ed.] 

Jeremiah Marston James Marston Josep Hall 

Moses Leavitt William Marston Josias Shaw 

Nathaniel Moulton Joseph Redman Shubal Darbon 

Jonathan Godfrey David Moulton Jabez Towl 

Nason Cass John Blak iur Abner Samborn 

John Marston Joshua Levit John Sleeper 

William Huse William Vittum iur Nathaniel Mason 

Daniel Tilton William Vittum Jeremiah Dow 

Jeames Talor 



[Warrant same as foregoing to Jonathan Prescott, of Wingate's 
regiment, on the back of which are the following names :] 

Ebenezer Gove Jonathan Cass Josiah Blake 

Benjamin Cram John Fellowes John Moody 

Theophilas Wadleigh [One name I cannot decipher.] 

[^Shirley to Wejitzuoi'th.'\ 

[Belknap Papers, Vol. II., p. 209.] 

Boston Feb''>' 25. 1744 [1745 N. S.] 
Dear Sir, The Scarcity of men in this province is at present so 
great, occasioned by the Demand we have for 'em to man our own 
vessells designed for the service of the Expedition, that I am obliged 
to let Cap' Graves go from hence upwards of twenty men short of his 
Complement, which I am sorry 'tis not in my power to help him to : 
as the speedy and safe arrival of his ship with the Mast ship under 
his Convoy is of great Consequence to his Majesty's ships at Jamaica, 
if you could get that number of men for him or 'assist him in procur- 
ing them it would very much promote his Majesty's Service, and be 
esteem'd by me as a particular obligation. 

I am with Respect and Esteem Sir 
Your Excellency's most Humble & obedient servant 

W. Shirley 
His Exc^ Gov'" Wentworth. 

[3-133] [Petition of Abraham Trcfcthen of Nczv Castle, 1745.] 

To His Excellency Penning Wentworth Esquire Governour and Com- 
mander in Chief in and over his Majesty's Province of New Hamp- 

The Honorable his Majesty's Council, And House of Representa- 
tives for said Province in General Court Convened P'eb''>' 28''' 1745 — 
The Petition of Abraham Trefithen of New Castle in s'^ Province 
Gent"' Humbly Sheweth, That in the late Expedition against Louis- 
bourg your Petitioner had beating orders (to enlist men in the service 
against .s'^ place) bearing date Fcb''>' 15"' 1745 that he was diligent in 
the prosecution of s"^ affair till the 4"' of March following during 



which he was at considerable Expence and not succeeding here, Yet 
His Honour Lieu' General Pepperrel was pleased to Constitute your 
Petitioner by Commission under his hand and Seal bearing date Can so 
April 15''' 1745 to take charge of a Company of men drawn from 
Coll' Moore's Regiment of which Company he had the Command 
from April 15"' to July 9"" during which time he was alternately on 
duty by night and day and faithfully discharged the Trust reposed 
in him your Petitioner therefore prays this Honourable Court to take 
the Premises under Consideration and make him such an allowance 
in Common w"^ officers of his rank and Station as was agreed on by 
this Hono'^' Court for their care and trouble. 

And your Petitioner as in duty bound shall ever pray — &c — 

Abraham Trefethen 
■ Portsm" Feb'">' 28"^ 1 745 — 

May y^^ 1746 In Council read & Sent Down 

Theod'' Atkinson Se*^ 

A List of men in my Company 

Cap* Abraham Trefithin 
L* Jonathan Oilman 
Ens" Philip Yeaton 
Davison Dudley 
John Carty 
Paul Nute 
Amos Dolloff 
Jonathan Leavitt 
Morrice Fowhour 
David Kinkett 
Richard Waldron 
Ichabod Hill 

viz : of Abraham Trefithin — 

Joseph Atkinson 
Joseph Barber 
Charles Robinson 
James Marsh 
Benj^ Cummin 
Hawley Marshal 
Abner Hunt 
David Gooding 
Sam' Tobey 
Benj^ Daniels 
John Turner 
Isaac Browne 

Copia Vera John Eyre Adj* to s*^ Regiment 
Read & Sent Down March i : 1745 


T Atkinson 

Sir — 

[Shir/ey to Weiitzvorth.'] 
[Belknap Papers, Vol. II., p. 213] 

Boston, March i, 1744 

Gerrish your Express will deliver you the money you wrote for, 
being five hundred and thirty or forty odd pounds New Tenour to be 


paid to Mr. Jaffrey, he giving a rec' the Tenour of w^*^ I hope will 
be acceptable to you, as also that of the Blank Commissions. As to 
Provisions and hire of Transports, they shall be put to rights in any 
manner agreeable to you, w'^'^ is all I can say in the prodigious hurry 
I am now embarrass'd w'^ and am w''^ much truth 

Your Excellency* most Obedient, Humble servant 

W. Shirley. 

You may depend on the punctual performance of every tittle as to 
the pay of the men and all other expence and charge. 

His Ex'^y Gov"" Went WORTH. 

\_Shirley to Wejitivorth.'] 

[Belknap Papers, Vol. H., p. 215.] 

Boston, March 4, 1744. [1745 N. S.] 

Sir, As it will be uncertain where M'' Vaughan will be upon the- 
arrival of this I am obliged to trouble you with 100''' N. Tenour (by 
the bearer) to pay to those men, w* he shall have enlisted over & 
above the 150 to be aggregated to your Regiment, and to desire him 
to see y* the men are march'd to Boston instantly to fill up the Incom- 
plete Companies belonging to Colonel Hale's Regiment, w'^'' will be 
there by the time those men get to Boston, or if he marches 'em to 
Charleston it will do : I must refer you for every thing else at present 
to M"" Bastide, who will dine w'^ you on Monday — I am sorry I am 
obliged to trouble you w^'' the Letter w'^'^ accompanies this, at this im- 
proper time ; But I could not avoid, from the Importunity of the 
Council, and expectation of the assembly, doing it longer — I will 
write you further upon it by next post and must now subscribe my self 
in much haste and Truth 

Your Exc^* most obedient Humble servant 

W. Shirley 
His Exc^ Gov"" Wcntworth 

[The men referred to in the foregoing were raised in New Hamp- 
shire, over and above its own quota, to help Massachusetts fill its quota 
for the Louisburg expedition. See Vol. V., p. 983. — Ed.] 


^Atkinson to Thoinlitison.'] 

[Belknap Papers, Vol. I., p. 132.] 

Portsm° 29'^ March 1745 
Dear S"" 

I now Enclose you a Set of bills Drawn by M"" Brown on the Sec- 
retary of the Society in Lieu of those you Sent back Protested the 
Parson is at a Loss to know the reason of their being Protested they 
being Drawn in the Same form as those he formerly Drew he has 
made Some alteration now I hope they will be Curr' & that you will 
give my Acco^ Creed* therefor — Intrest &c from a Parson I cant 
take — 

I alsoe now Inclose you Letter to M*' Jones with my Diary to Lady- 
day I hope you received those I Sent by Cap* Adams & that you 
Duely receive my money from M"" Jones The inclosed is a mem° from 
Doctor Peirce which I would have Sent by first opportunity & Charged 
to me — 

I must alsoe Desire you would Send me by one of the Mast Ships 
to Chuse [.''] or otherways if there is any Inconveniency a Q"" of a bb^'' 
of best Sportsman gunpowder for mine & friends use you will have 
the News of the Province from the Govern' & if I have time Shall 
write you again before the Ship Sails 

I am with regards Your 

T A 

You have alsoe Enclosed M'' Longs order which Please to Note 
To Cap* Thomlinson by y^ Eltham Cap* Durell 


March 29*'' 1745 
D-- S"^ 

I wrote you this Day by the Eltham Cap* Durel Incloseing my 
Diary to Ladyday last & one Set of Bills Drawn as you See by the 
Enclosed I hope the bills will now be paid I am in great hurry Occa- 
sioned by our Late Embarcation ags* Louisbourge So must beg youd 
Excuse me who am with Esteem 

Your H S 

T A 
Pray Send me a Loose rideing Coat that will Stand rain & bad 
wether of what Collour You think best 
To Cap* Thomlinson 


[Message, House to Governor, concerning the Fort Dnmmer Contro- 
versy, 1745. Copied from New Hampsliire Historical Society's 
Miscellaneous MSS., Vol. T., p. 64.] 

May it Please Your Excellency 

Your Excellencys manner of treating this House, the Representa- 
tives of a Free People is intirely new unparUamentary & without 
Precedent of which your Excellency's verbal & written Messages of 
the 3^^ Cur' are not the first Instances. Your Excellencys Reflections 
on the House are so Gross & Coarse that should we answer them in 
equal Terms and Language it might be justly stiled unworthy and 
unbecoming & till your Excellency pleases to point out particular In- 
stances to support your high charges these Indignities according to 
your Excellency's own Maxim must Center upon the author & we shall 
think ourselves & the People we represent highly injured — 

We assure your Excellency that all Messages from this House are 
the genuine sentiments of the House & flatter ourselves that if your 
Excellency had duly deliberated on the Truths contained in our Mes- 
sages & the Method of treating free Parliaments the Reflection on 
this head would have been spared — 

May it please your Excellency — 

We are the Representatives of a free People who by the Blessing 
of God thro' the happy Reign of His Present & late Majesty have 
been strangers to arbitrary power having been thro' the Smiles 
of Providence Blessed with Governors that have been tender of 
the Privileges of the People under whose happy Government this 
House have enjoy'd the Privilege of freely speaking their minds with- 
out being taxed with unbecoming Language and this makes any thing 
that looks like an Invasion upon our Rights and Privileges the more 
irksome and tedious to us — And as we are pcrswaded it will be very 
pleasing to His Most Excellent Majesty whose Royal Example in this 
matter as well as every other is worthy Imitation we pray that your 
Excellency will shew some Regard to the Privileges of the People we 
Represent which we see are in Danger of being swallowed up in the 
Term Prerogative of which the management with respect to His 
Majestys Royal orders relating to Fort Dummerand the unparalleled 
proceedings in a late affair relating to the Parish of Brentwood now 
before this House by way of Remonstrance for redress are too Flagrant 
Instances — 

We are sorry that your Excellency obliges us to this plain, but we 
see absolutely necessary, way of justifying our conduct & Defending 
the Rights and Privileges of the yet free People we represent & there- 


fore must proceed to say that His Excellency Governor Shirley on 
the 25^*" of February (') as appears by His Excellency s Letter before 
this House transmitted to your Excellency a copy of His Majestys 
Royal Order In Council of the 6*'* of September (^) for the Support- 
ing & Maintaining Fort Dummcr Ordering " The Governor or Com- 
mander in Chief of New Hampshire forthwith to move the Assembly 
in His Majestys name to make Provision for that service tho' this 
Assembly was then sitting & had a Right by Virtue of His Majestys 
said Royal order to be forthwith informed of it & tho' its plain by His 
Majestys ordering the Government of the Massachusetts to take care 
of said Fort till a final answer might be obtained from New Hamp''. 
That His Most Sacred Majesty Designed that this House should have 
time to deliberate upon it yet this House was kept under short adjourn- 
m'ents when they might have been sitting & considering of this Weighty 
matter and not apprized of it by your Excellency till the 2^ of April 
& tho' the Man of War had been expected every Day for a Month yet 
this House was not moved by your Excellency to consider of this 
weighty affair till she appeared off this Harbour and had sent in for 
the Mast Ships to come out to her & then your Excellency was pleased 
late in the afternoon after four of the clock tho' there was a House 
in the forenoon which your Excellency was informed of by a Message 
from them to send a Copy of His Majestys Order aforesaid with only 
a verbal Message requiring the House to come to a speedy Resolu- 
tion about it that your Excellency might transmit the same to- 
His Majesty when if the House had been prepared to Come to a Re- 
solve & the ships could have got out they had not time to read over 
the Papers and draw up a Resolution in Form — The House were of 
opinion that His Majesty's Royal Orders were of such Importance as 
that they ought to take time maturely to Consider thereof & therefore 
determined to Consider and weigh things well before they came to a 
Resolution on such an Important Point — But your Excellency by 
your Several Verbal Messages so pressed them to an Immediate Re- 
solve that they thought themselves obliged to send their Written 
Message to your Excellency of the 3"^ of April (^) upon which your 
Excellency instead of permitting them to adjourn themselves to three 
of the clock as" usual when they might have met & Debated on this 
Matter adjourned them till five & then sent your Excellencys written 
Message of the 3^^ (■*) And when the House Considering the wind 
was Contrary & had obliged the Fleet which had been under sail to 
come to anchor again were about to adjourn themselves over the Fast 
till Fryday morning your Excellency notwithstanding your great 

(i) See Vol. v., p. 303. (2) See Vol. V., p. 301. 

(3) See Vol. v., p. 305. (4) See Vol. V., p. 306. 


earnestness for a Resolve of the House adjourned them till this day be- 
ing Monday & thereby put it out of the Power of the House to do 
anything with Respect to those Royal Orders till now — 

These Things May It Please Your Excellency we think are matter 
of Fact & such very Extraordinary ways of Proceeding as this Peo- 
ple till very lately have not been acquainted with and may be justly 
called great Infringements on their Rights — And now we desire that 
the nicest Judges may say who has been trifling with His Majestys 
Royal Orders & let the Blame lay in the right place — 

As your Excellency is pleased to mention your Excellencys great 
Industry in attending two days for a Resolve of the House &C. we 
cant help taking Notice that this House received your Excellencys 
Message with the Copy of His Majestys Royal Orders Relating to 
Fort I)ummer at twenty Minutes past four in the afternoon & we 
believe attended in Council near seven — That your Excellency was 
in Council the next day about Ten and attended till about two and 
then adjourned the General Assembly till five & soon sent your Ex- 
cellencys Message so that your Excellency did industriously attend 
upon the House near six whole hours for their Resolve on a point on 
which your Excellency is pleased to think the saving the most valua- 
ble part of the Province depends — 

We leave this for your Excellency to reflect upon & say that as 
this Province have ever been remarkable for their Loyalty to His 
Majesty so we are resolved to do all we can to preserve that Charac- 
ter & we are so assured of His Most Gracious Majestys tender Re- 
gard for the Welfare of this Peo})le that we know we cant do it in a 
more agreeable way to Him than by standing up for our Rights & 
Privileges — & therefore say that if your Excellency will give us 
Leave and Time to consider of this Important Matter we will come 
to a Resolution on it as soon as we can — But in the mean time must 
say that if any Part of the Province should be lost for want [of] a 
Resolve of this House to go by the Fleet now in Port waiting for a 
wind the Blame must not lay on this House but must wholly lay 
where His Majestys Royal Orders in Council lay all the Month of 
March — 

[The foregoing is endorsed, " House to Gov Wentworth " ; and 
although not dated, was evidently prepared for Monday, April 8, 1745. 
On Wednesday, April 3, the governor sent a message to the House, 
which is printed in Vol. V., p. 306. Nathaniel Rogers and Henry 
Sherburne, Jr., were appointed to prepare an answer. Meanwhile 
the governor adjourned the General Assembly to the 8th. It is prob- 
able that Rogers and Sherburne each prepared an answer, as one 


differing from this, which is printed in Vol. V., pp. 306-308, seems to 
have been presented. The foregoing shows that the House did not 
propose to be dictated by the Governor. — Ed.] 

{General PeppereW s Order relative to the Attack o?i Louisbiirg, 1745.] 

[New Hampshire Historical Society's MSS., Vol. I., p. 65.] 

Sir — Immediately on the Transports Anchoring (on board which 
you are) in Flat Point Cove on the North East side of Chappeau 
Rouge Bay in the Island of Cape Breton you are to Land your Com- 
pany & attend Col° Bradstreet who is to Command the whole Detach- 
ment Consisting of Eleven Companys in attacking the Royall Battery 
of Louisburg in the prosecution of which you must Lead your men 
on well armed with all the Resolution Necessary keeping their Spirits 
intent on the work before them The plan for this attack you have 
here with which under God I doubt not will succeed but in order 
thereto you must keep your men in the best order possible and all- 
ways under Command that they may enter notwithstanding any 
unexpected repulse or unforeseen accident on the consequence hereof 
depends in a Great Measure the Success of the Expedition which I 
doubt not the Goodness of our Cause and the Voluntary Dispositions 
of the men will make this a happy Beginning of in hopes of which I 
heartily wish you Success and am S"" 

Your humble Serv* 
True Copy W" Pepperell 

[The address is wanting. — Ed.] 


[Report of Committee on Men Raised for Seonting, 1745.] 

We the Subscribers Being Appointed By the House of Represen- 
tatives to Examine Into the Grants of Men in the Year Past And 
Compare them with the Muster Rolls — Have therefore Examind 
the Grants by the Memorandum from the Secretary And Report As 
Follows, Viz' That from the 23*^ of May 1744 to the 24''' of Aug' fol- 
lowing we find Grants for men to be kept in his Majestys Service On 
the frontiers and at the fort To the Amount of 11 270 Days. And 
we Likewise having Examind the Muster Rolls already Bro't in find 


that by the nearest Computation we Can make there has been in his 
Majestys Service kept Out On the West Side of Merimack river men 
to the amount of 6046 Days and on the frontier Between Merimack 
and Newichewanack River Men to the Amount of 5849 Days which 
is in the whole 625 Days more than allowd by the Grants Besides 
what have been kept at Fort William & Mary the Muster Rolls for 
which are not Yet Bro't in And According As to Us Appears there 
has been kept Out on the west Side of Merimack River Men to the 
Amount of 2050 Days More than we Can find Grants for — 
Which is Humbly Submitted By 

Meshech Weare 
Prov : of ) Peter Gilman 

New Hamps^ ) Portsm° Apr^ 10"' 1745 

\_Shii'ley to We}itzvo}'t/i.~\ 

[Belknap Papers, Vol. II., p. 222.] 

Boston April 15, 1745. 
Sir, I have justreceiv'd orders from his Majesty, which encourage 
me greatly to proceed in carrying on the Expedition — Inclos'd are 
orders from Commodore Warren to Cap' Durell to follow him with 
his ship to Cape Breton, which when you have perus'd 'em, please ta 
seal and deliver to Cap' Durell if he is still with you, or if he should 
have been sail'd so short a time that there is any possibility of over- 
taking him, please to send 'em after him instantly by some proper 

I received Cap' Warren's packet a quarter of an hour ago. I am 
with much Esteem Sir 

Your Excellency's most Obedient Humble Serv' 

W. Shirley 
His E.xcellency Benning Wentworth Esq"" 

[^Shirley to IVentzvort/i.'] 

[Belknap Papers, Vol. II., p. 223.] 

Sir, I have the pleasure to inform you that two Hours ago arriv'd 
here his Majesty's ship the Princess Mary of 60 Guns, Capt" Edwards 
Commander, who was sent in Company with the Hector a forty gun 


ship, Capt" Cornwal Commander, to assist in the Expedition against 
Cape Breton, and was designed to proceed directly before Louisbourg 
Harbour, but her Bowsprit being sprung she was forc'd to come in 
here for another, w"^ which Hallowell will furnish her tomorrow, and 
M"" Apthorpe with provisions by the same time ; and I am in hopes 
she will be dispatched from hence to join Commodore Warren in 
three or four days with the Hector, who is hourly expected in — Capt" 
Loring, by whom I sent my Dispatches to the Duke of Newcastle, 
stay'd but twelve Hours in London before he was ordered to go on 
board the Princess Mary : The Duke of Newcastle being out of 
town, his Secretary, M"" Stone, instantly lay'd my Letters before his 
Majesty, who upon reading 'em was pleas'd to express his approbation 
of the Expedition, and send the Letters to the Lords of Admiralty, 
whereupon a Board was call'd at eleven o'Clock at night — I un- 
derstand their Lordships received the scheme with very great pleas- 
ure, and ordered away these two ships upon the spot, and would 
scarce give Loring leave to sleep, whom I sent home for a pilot 
to his Majesty's ships, before he went on board Capt" Edwards. 

I send this by Express after one of your provision vessells, 
which I beg you will hurry away instantly that they may carry 
my Letters to the Commodore and General. 

I am Sir Your most Faithful Humble Servant 

W. Shirley 

Boston May 5, 1745. 

I will endeavour to write by the post tomorrow — I have no 
letters ; they are to come by Adams. 

[3~i35] {Petition from Soldiers' Wives for Aid, 1745.] 

To His Excellency Benning Wentworth Esq"" Governor and Com- 
mander in Chief in & Over His Majesty's Province of New 
Hamp' The Hon^^^ His Majesty's Council & House of Repre- 
sentatives in Gen' Assembly Convened June 7'*^ 1 745 — 
The Petition- of Sundry Women whose Husbands are gone in 
the Expedition against Louisburg Humbly Shews 

That your Petitioners families are in Daily Want of Support & 
are now destitute of the help they used to have by the Day Wages 
of their Husbands on which only they Depended for Subsistence 
— and tho' by the favour & goodness of the Gen' Assembly Some 
Allowance has already been made Since their Said Husbands De- 
parture yet it being but Small was Soon Expended and as Your 




Petitioners hope the Wages is Still going on & Something is now 
clue (on that Supposition) and as it Seems unreasonable that the 
Families of those who Expose their Lives daily for the Good of 
their Country should be left to Suffer by that means Your Peti- 
tioners cant but Hope & Humbly Pray that Some farther allow- 
ance may be made for the Support of their families & the Supply 
of their precent Necessities for which they Shall as in Duty bound 
Pray &c 


Mary M 


elesebeth c 


elesebeth wellch 

leaDah bickford 


















marget -l- 





M W 












[3~i36] [Crezu of tlic Ship Endeavour, 1745.] 

A Portledge Bill for the Sloop Endeavour on Acc^ of this Expedi- 
tion June 19"' 1745 



Wages per 


Sum Total 

Wages Due 

ic h t 
ht nr 
e had 

rtj; M> 

gCQ S 5.= 






£ , 

John Wise 


3. 0. 0. 

3. 0. 

II. 9 

8. 9. 

I. 12. 6 

John Leach 


2. 18. 0. 

2. 18. 

II. I. 4 

8. 3. 8 

I. 12. 6 

John Forgoson 


2. ID. 

2. ID. 

9. II. I 

7. I. I 

I. 12. 6 

Nicholas Harford 


2. — - 

2. 0. 

7. 12. II 

5. 12. II 

I. 12. 6 

Benj" Furbush 

2. — - 

2. 0. 

7. 12. II 

5. 12. 11 

I. 12. 6 

James Smith 

2. — - 

2. 0. 

7. 12. II 

5. 12. II 

I. 12. 6 

Daniel Emery 

2. — - 

2. 0. 

7. 12. II 

5. 12. II 
46. 5. 5 

I. 12. 6 
II. 7. 6 

I'>rors Excepted June 1745 

John Wise 


Province of N Hamps ) In the House of Representatives Cap' John 
June 25 1745 ) Wise came into the House & made Oath 

to the Truth of this Portledge Bill — 

D Peirce Clk 
Province of 1 In the House of Representatives June 27* 1745 
N Hamps^ j Voted That there be allovv'd & paid out of y^ money in 
y® publick Treasury for paying Soldiers & Sailors on y^ Expedition 
ag* Louisbourgh twenty one Pounds seventeen Shillings & eleven 
Pence in full for this Portledge Bill. 

D. Peirce Clk 
Sent up by J Gage Esq"" 

The Am° of what the Cap* Says is Due £46 5. 5 Deduct out for 
Blankets & 20/ bounty pad each man which the Seamen ought not to 

have .^10. 7. 6 

also 40/ allowance to be paid to the Men or their Wives 

&c by Vote of Gen^ Assembly . . . . . 14. o. o 

24. 7. 6 
The Am' £46. 5. 5 
to be Deducted 24. 7. 6 

21. 17. II 
[The men were shipped March 4, and discharged June 19. — Ed.] 

[3~i37] [Benj'amm Thomas, Wounded Soldier, 1745.] 

Whereas Benj™ Tho® of Portsm" Receivd a wound in y^ Exp" 
Against Louis'^ & Upon presenting his memorial representing his Cir- 
cumstances had an allowance of iS''/ per day for subsistance & 
attendance for one m° from y^ time of his Arrival in this Province. 

Memoral to his exelency Govrner & Comander In Cheafe over New 
Hampshear &c — and to his maj" Councell & the honerable house of 
Representitives — the homble Requst of Benj^ Thomas of portsm° 
being Sorely wounded at Saint peters in the present Expedition against 
the french at Louisborge and am Sent home unable to helpe my 
Se fe and by providance my famely unable to helpe me with Suta- 
ble Support in my Low Estate and Corcomstances to aford me 
Such Releafe as in y'= wisdom & goodness Shal think meet for the 
Cure of my wounds if God Shuld bless means thairfor & I Remain 
your Dutyfull Subject 

Benj''' Thomas 

Portsm° June 21 : 1745 


[3~i3^] [^Proclamation for the Enlistvient of Seamen, 1745.] 

By His Excellency Benning Wentworth Esq"" Captain General & 
Governor in Chief, in and over His Majestys Province of New Hamp- 
shire in New England — 

A Proclamation. 

Whereas the Hon^^ Peter Warren Esq^' Commander in Chief of His 
Majestys Ships of War in the Expedition against Cape Breton, hath 
taken a french man of War of Sixty four guns called the Vigilant, 
which he purposes to put into Commission, & fit and man her for His 
Majestys Service in Said Expedition, but for want of a Suilficient 
Number of Seamen, he will not be able Effectually to Execute that 
Intention, without assistance of men from His Majestys Governments, 
the Incouragement Said Commodore gives for the Inlistment of 
Seamen is, that they shall be Intituled to pay from the day of their 
inlistment, & shall be discharged at Boston, at the End of the Expe- 

I have therefore tho't fit By & with the advice of His Majestys 
Council to Issue this Proclamation, for the Information of Such able 
bodyed Seamen, as may be disposed to Ingage in this Expedition for 
the Common good of their Country of the Incouragement offerd by 
Said Commodore Warren for that purpose as above mentioned, and 
allso that they will be Intituled to the Shares of all Such prizes, as 
will be taken dureing their Continuance in Said Service : Thereby 
allso notifying all Such persons, that Subscriptions of Inlistments will 
be taken by Thomas Packor Esq"" High Sheriff of the Province of 
New Hampshire at Portsmouth, & they are desired to enter their 
names with him as Soon as may be 

Given at the Council Chamber at Portsmouth the day of June 

1745, in the iS''' Year of our Soverign Lord George the Second, by 
the Grace of God, of Great Brittain France & Ireland King, defender 
of the faith &c 

By His Excellencys Command B W 

w^'^ the Advice of His Majestys Council 

T A S>' 

Copy T A 

God Save the King 

Extract from Commodore Warren's Letter dated 22^^ May 1745, re- 
lating To the Ship Vigilant — 

She is a Bran new Ship and a very fine one and this her first Voy- 
age I therefore propose to Commission her for the King my Master 


Immediately and She with the Princess Mary will be a glorious Sec- 
ond To me in a Line of Battle ; we Shatter'd her much in the En- 
gagement but She has spare Stores enough to fit her out only difficulty 
will be men, therefore must beg you would press men and send them 
here and if any Voluntiers can be procured for her, both they and the 
men press'd shall be Entitled to King's pay from the time of their 
being press'd or enter'd As Voluntiers by you and all those that shall 
come as Voluntiers by Certificate under your hand shall if they desire 
it be discharg'd upon our arrival at Boston or when the Expedition is 
over ; Her Complement Will be four hundred and Twenty men ; you'll 
get as many as you can and with all possible expedition for much de- 
pends upon That — 

True Copy T Atkinson Se"^ 

Extract from Commodore Warren's orders to the Captains of the 
Cruizers Employ'd in the Expedition 

And whereas it is probable there may be some deserters from his 
Majestys Ships both in the private Ships of war and among the 
Troops Upon this Expedition that may be under the apprehensions 
of being Taken up by His Majestys officers, I therefore for their En- 
couragement To behave well upon this Expedition do assure them 
That none of them shall be molested or touched but on the Contrary 
if any of them that Happen to be under these Circumstances shall 
distinguish themselves and make it known to me I will use my utmost 
endeavours to have Their R — taken off in any ships they may have 
left in order to their Recovering their wages and will if they desire it 
promote them to Such offices in His Majesties Ships as they are 
Capable of executeing. 

A true Copy. 

Theod'' Atkinson Se"^ 

[See Vol. v., pp. 102-3. — Ed.] 

\_SJiirley to Wentivort/i.'\ 

[Belknap Papers, Vol. H., p. 230.] 

Council Chamber June ly^^ 1745 
Paragraph of his Excellency Governor Shirley's letter, upon his 
Excellencys complaining that the New Hampshire Regiment was put 
on Extraordy duty, &c. 

" I had not read your Excellencys favour by the Post, when I dis- 
patch't my Express : I can't think Mr. Pepperell is capable of doing 


injustice to the New Hampshire Regiment ; But I desire you would 
be pleas'd to let your people know, that if any thing of that kind has 
happen'd, I will be personally answerable for their good usage for the 
future, and shall send Express orders for that purpose to the General. 
Hope you will not fail to obtain 300 men at least, instead of 100, I 
find my Assembly Exceedingly well inclin'd, and doubt not to inlarge 
the numbers voted here very much the Expence of the ammunition to 
be sent from hence, besides, will be very great. If you don't send at 
least 300 men, we shall fall very short of the necessary number in the 
Camp. I have a good prospect of a large number of seamen, besides 
the Troops we shall send " — 

W. Shirley. 

\_S/nrley to Wcjittvo7't/i.~\ 

[Belknap Papers, Vol. II., p. 233.] 

Boston, July 6, 1745. 
Sir — Commodore Warren having desir'd me to send him a set of 
lower masts &c. for the Vigilant a 66 gun ship, and another set for a 
40 gun ship, the Dimensions of both w*^"^ you will receive from Mr. 
Hallowell the ship builder, and w*^'^ can be got in your Governm' only 
in due time for his Maj^^® service, w*^'' requires the utmost dispatch, I 
would propose it to your Excellency, to impress (with the advice of 
his Maj*>^* Council) such masts as are wanted for the abovemention'd 
service ; and after having caus'd 'em to be valued in due form to de- 
liver 'em to some person to be sent round here forthwith, in order to 
be fitted and transported to the Commodore at Louisburg. Your 
Excellency, I am afraid must excuse my enlarging" till next week, 
being in an infinite hurry. I am, w**^ the greatest respect 
Your Exc^^ most obed' Humble serv' 

His Exc^ Gov'' Wentworth. 

W. Shirley. 

[Shirley to Wcntzuort/i.~\ 

[Belknap Papers, Vol. H., p. 234.] 

Boston July 10, 1745. 
Sir, Yesterday I received your Exc-'^ favour in answer to my Ex- 
press, and am together with Commodore Warren much oblig'd to you 
for your care, and advice to ship the Masts ready made from Piscata- 


qua to Louisburg directly, w'='' I think will be most for his Maj'ys ser- 
vice, and desire the continuance of your care in doing it accordingly. 
I suppose Adams will stay for the Eltham, w'^'^ is hourly expected 
here to take the four mast ships lying in Nantasket under his Con- 
voy : I was in hopes to have finished my dispatches for England to 
have gone by this Express to Adams, But hope I shall be able to 
reach him before he sails : They shall be finished by tomorrow when I 
will send 'em so as to reach Adams by Saturday night at farthest ; 
and would favour me so far as to prevail upon him to stay 'till that 
time at least ; For it is of Consequence they should reach the Secre- 
tary's Ofifice — I believe in aV 12 days time or sooner you may have 
Convoy from hence for your three Company's, in raising w^'' I wish 
you good success and am w^^ great regard Sir 

Your Excellency's most Ob' Humble servant 

W. Shirley 
His Exc^ Gov"" Went worth 

\TJiomlinsoii to Atkinson?^ 
[Belknap Papers, Vol. I., p. 135.] 

London 5"^ Aug' 1745 
Sir I have not recC^ any of your faV^ Since I wrote you, "^ Cap' 
Adams, Therefore I have here to Acqua' you that as GoV Wentworth 
has not wrote latly to M"" Jones, I have not rec'^ any Sallry of him for 
your Ace' Or Can I Settle any thing with M'' Jones for Gov"" Went- 
worth or any of his Deputys Salerys, as I ought to do, without GoV 
Wentworth will Constantly write Me & the Navy-Board after Every 
quarterday, as both M"" Jones & My Self have wrote him, and by at 
least three Conveyancies — I think I have not had one Line from him 
Since Cap' Adams last Voyage I can only add that I am very much 
Sir Your most hum^ Ser' 

Theod"" Atkinson Esq"" 

John Thomlinson 

\Lieutenant-Governo7' Phips to Governor Went%vorth.'\ 
[Belknap Papers, Vol. H., p. 236.] 

Boston, Aug^' 14, 1745 
Sir — At the desire of his Majesty's Council & upon a Representa- 
tion made by Lieutenant General Pepperell in his letter of the 6"" 
Instant by a Vessel just arrived here, of the necessity of Recruits 


for the Garrison at Louisburg & the danger of its falhng into the 
Enemy's hands without them, I must earnestly request of your Excel- 
lency that you would promote the raising as many men in your Prov- 
ince as may be & that as soon as possible. 

I shall do all in my power to have the number of Recruits Voted 
for by our Assembly, (which was one thousand & whereof about seven 
hundred are already gone) fully made up & sent forward without Delay. 

By the Express Boat now arrived from Louisburg, we have certain 
Intelligence that besides the first India man taken by Commodore 
Warren's Squadron (of which we were advised the last Week) they 
have taken another India man richly laden & a South Seaman with 
;^400,ooo Sterling in money besides a valuable Cargo of Merchandise, 
all which were taken in sight of the Garrison ; so that it is Judged 
the value of the Captures made on that coast by his Majesty's ships, 
is near one million sterling (if not more) which it is probable would 
never have fallen into our hands, if this Expedition had not been 
attempted I am, Sir 

your Excellencys most obedient humble servant 

His Exc^ Gov"" Wentworth 

[Phips to ]Vcntzvorth.'\ 
[Belknap Papers, Vol. II., p. 237.] 

Boston, Aug^* iq'^ i745- 

Sir — The State of affairs between this Government and the East- 
ern Indians being in such a situation as to make it necessary for the 
better security of his Majesty s Subjects on the Frontiers exposed to 
their Fury, to declare War against them unless by their speedy Com- 
pliance with the Demands of the Government they should prevent it : 
I do now at the Desire of the General Court of this Province in their 
late Session, hereby inform your Excellency of our Proceedings with 
the said Indians in order to prevent a War, & the Unsuccessfulness 
thereof, as you will find by the indorsed Copy of a Letter from Gov- 
ornour Shirley to the said Indians, & another Letter from him to 
Cpt. Bradbury commander of the Fort at St. George's River, direct- 
ing him to demand Satisfaction of them for the murthers committed 
upon our Inhabitants by some of their People (joining with the other 
Indians) & their burning their Houses, killing their Cattle, &c. with 
Capt. Bradbury's answer to the last mentioned Letter. 

And as the common cause requires the mutual Assistance of these 
Governments in time of War & Danger, We Desire the Concurrence 


& Assistance of your Government for prosecuting a War against 
these Indians, vvlien it shall be declared, and furnishing a Quota of 
men for the Defence of the Frontiers in this & the other exposed 
Colonies. I am. Sir, 

Your Excellency's most obedient Humble servant 

His Excellency Benning Wentworth, Esq. 

{^Shirley to Captain Bradbury ?\ 
[Belknap Papers, Vol. H., p. 239.] 

Boston, July 22*^ 1745- 

Sir — I have rec*^ your' Letter of the 16"^ Instant July giving me 
an account of the Assatilt committed by the Indians upon your Fort 
and other places near you Mr. Miliken tells me you are positive that 
you saw some of the Penobscutt Indians among the Assailants & 
particularly that you saw one of those that had been in under pre- 
tence of Friendship to inform you of these Designs By your letter 
you seem to apprehend that the Penobscutt Indians are generally in 
these acts of hostility. However I think it will be best that if an y 
of the said Penobscutt Tribe shall appear near the Fort that you 
hoist a Flag of Truce to call them in to an Interview with you and if 
you can obtain any Speech with them, I would have you read my Let- 
ter to 'em which I sent by Mr. Miliken and also tell them that I am 
Inform'd of their violation of Treaty and that if the Body of the Penob- 
scutts are Engaged with our Enemies, I shall immediately declare 
War and pursue them with all the Resentment which so horrid an 
act of Treachery and wickedness deserves ; but if they profess that 
the Body of the Tribe are against these proceedings and are disposed 
to peace, I expect And insist upon this proof of their sincerity, that 
they deliver up those of their people as have been in arms against us 
& have joined with the party of Indians who have assaulted us, & that 
you will give them the space of seven days only for their either de- 
livering up the murtherers or giving five Hostages of some of their 
principal men "to secure the Delivery of the said Indians in the space 
of seven days more. 

I am. Sir, your Friend & servant 

W. Shirley. 

P. S. Give me a full account of these affairs with all possible Dis- 
To Capt. Jabez Bradbury. 

Copy Exam"^ pr. J. Willard, Sec'y. 


[3-140] {George Creighton s Leave of Abseriec.'] 

Louisboiirg Sepf 3*^ 1745 
M"" George Creighton 

As You have been Chosen by the Remaining Part of that Company 
to which you Belong to Return to New England, in order to Procure 
& take Care of Such things as their friends may See fit to Send 
them, You have hereby Leave of absence to Return as aforesaid & 
when you have Done that Business, (in which you are to use Dispatch) 
proceed to this place by the first Convenient oppertunity to your Duty 

Sam' Moore 


{Committee to Examine the Accounts of tJie Ship Bien Aime, 1745.] 

Province of j g j^-^ E^celency the Governour 
New Hampshire ) ■' ■' 

To Richard Wibird, John Moffat & Joshua Peirce Esq"^^ 
Seal Greeting. 

I Desire & Appoint you to Examine the Accounts of Slops 
& Stores Supplyd and work done for his Majesties Ship Bien Aime 
Captain Richard ffarish Commander & to See that the Charge thereof 
be Equal & reasonable According to the Usual rates & Prizes paid 
here for the Like and alsoe to Consider of the Present Course of Ex- 
change between the Currency of this Province & the money of Great 
Brittain and make A report to me what Exchange you Judge Proper 
& Equal upon the Bills to be Drawn upon the Comissioners of His 
Majty^ Navy — 

Given under my hand & Sea] at Portsmouth the 5"' Day of Sep- 
tember 1745 & in the nineteenth year of his Maj'^^ reigne 

B Wentworth 

[Committee's Report.] 

Pursuant To your Excell>'^ order of The fifth Instant we have Ex- 
amined & seen The Charge of The several Merchants & Tradesmen 
that have supplyed His Majestys Ship Bien Aim6 with Necessarys 
and For work done, and have Endorsed on Each Bill so much as we 
allow Equal & reasonable amounting to y® Sum of Six Hundred thirty 
Seven pounds Six Shillings of The old Tenor ; And That Six Hun- 
dred pounds of The said Currancy for one Hundred pounds Sterling 


is a proper & an Equal Exchange For Bills to be drawn on The Hon^^® 
The Commissioners of his Majestys Navy For The same. 

Given under our Hands in portsmouth New Hampshire This 7 
September 1745. R Wibird 

John Moffatt 
Josh^ Peirce 

[The foregoing is from the original, on which is a fine impression 
of the seal in wax. — Ed.] 

[3-142] [Report of the Committee on Loicisboiirg Prisoners^ 

The Accompt of Richard Wibird Samuel Solly Thomas Bell & 
Henry Sherburne Jun"" a Committee Appointed by the Genneral As- 
sembly to take Care & Provide for the Transportation of the French 
People brought hither from Louisbourg agreeable to Articles of Capit- 
ulation, being 72 in Number — 

1745 The said Com**^"^ Charge themselves with the following Sums 
rec^ viz* 

rec*^ from the Treasurer by Warrant from the Governor 
rec^ from ditto "^ ditto 
rec"^ from the Com*^^ of War i pair Stilliards 
17 hhds 13 Teirces & 15 Barrells 

I Ax 

I Cabboose with 2 potts 

^2007: 10 — 

The said Com'^^ Discharge themselves from the aforesaid Sums in 

the following manner viz' — 

paid Sundry Persons as '^ Acco* for Supporting & 
Transporting the s*^ Prisoners Sent home to the 
Commission^ . . . . . . . .1316 — 2 

paid the Owner of the Sloop Speedwell 
towards the hire of the said Sloop for 
a Transport 556 : 13 : i 

paid Advance waiges to the men belong- 
ing to said Sloop . . . . 134 — 

690 113:1 

^2006: 13 : 3 

I Governor 

i„ 15 — 

49n 15 — 

I — 

1400 — 

543 — 

12 — 

64. 10 — 



Portsmouth New Hampsh'' Sepf 2^^ 1745 

Errors Excepted R Wibird 

Sam^ Solly 
Hen Sherburne Jr 
Tho^ Bell 
Prov« of New ) 
Hampshire \ In the House of Representatives 4''' Dec'' 1747 
Voted That y^ within Account be allow'd & that y^ within men- 
tion'd Committee be discharged from y^ Several Sums therein Con- 
tain'd D Peirce Clk 

In Council December 11 1747 read & Concurrd 

Theodore Atkinson Se''^ 

11'^ Dec'' 1747 Consented to 
[See Vol. v., p. 550. — Ed.] 

B Wentworth 


The Accompt of Richard Wibird, Samuel Solly, Thomas Bell, & 
Henry Sherburne Jun'' a Committee Appointed to take Care of & 
Provide for the Transportation of Seventy French Prisoners brought 
hither from Louisbourg to be Transported to France Agreable to the 
Articles of Capitulation — 

For their Support on Shoar viz* 
paid Thomas Bell Esq'' his Acco' . 
paid Richard Wibird Esq d° . 

paid Doct'' Ross 

paid Docf Rogers for Medicines & Attendance 

paid Meshech Bell Interpreter 

paid Atkins Kennard Trucks .... 

paid George Massey ditto .... 

paid Edward Pendcxter d° . . . . 

paid P^benezcr Wentworth .... 

paid Joseph Moses ...... 

paid Widdow Greely house rent 

paid Mark H Wentworth .... 

Disburstments Provisions & Stores for the Voyage 
paid Richard Wibird Esq his Acco* . 
paid Thomas Bell Esq .... 

. 69 












. 36 






1 1 








: 5 




ge — 


: 6: 



: 5: 




paid Henry Sherburne Jun"" 

paid M""^ Wheelwright Cooper . 

paid Tobias Langdon 

paid Daniel Warner for i doz Bowls 

paid Samuel Waters 

paid Charles Gorwood 9 water hhds 

paid John Seaward . 

paid William Caverly 

paid John Bradford 3 water hhds 

paid Rob* Hart for Cutt^ up Beef 

paid Nath^ Mendum 3 water hhds 

paid James Ahern 12 J days 

paid Oliver Tucker 12^ days 

paid Henry Tucker 7 d°^ . 

paid for i pair Stilliards . 

paid for 1 7 hhds 1 3 Teirces & 1 5 barrels for water Cask 

paid George Libbey . 

paid for i Ax .... 

paid John Penhallow 

paid Nath' Marshall . 

paid Abraham Senter 

paid Thomas Harts Bill . 

paid John Griffeth for Candles . 

paid for Beef ' . 

paid for 10 barrels Pork . 

paid for Bread ^ Acco' 

paid John Stoodly 

paid the Committee for their Trouble & Expences 

paid M""® Slayton 

paid for 2 Iron Pots . 

paid for a Large Cabboose Iron Bars &c 







II : 



I : 















2 : 















I : 






2 : 









10 : 








181 : 















£131^' — 

which is Sterling money at 500 '^ O disco* 
for the hire of the Sloop Speedwell Marriners &c to 
Carry Prisoners to France ..... 
for an Interpreter to go with them .... 

;^2i9: 6 

241 — 
15 — 

^475: 6: 8 
Portsmouth, New Hampshire New England September y^ 9*'^ 1745 
Errors Excepted by Order of the Committee 

R Wibird Chair Man 


Province of | 
New Hampsh"" \ The Hon'"^® Richard Wibird Esq Chairman of the 
Com^'^^ Appointed by the Government, to make provision for Trans- 
porting the Prisoners of Capitulation to Old France, Personally ap- 
peard, before me, & made Oath, that the Respective Sums Charged 
in the within Acco' were for the said Service, & that they are Just & 
Equal, & According to the Usage & Custom paid by Merchants in 
this place — 

Portsmouth Septem"" y^ 11^'' 1745 


\^Statcmcnt of the Condition of the Men at Louisboiirg, 1745.] 

To His Excellency the Governor, the Honorable the Council, and 

House of Representatives, of His Majesties Province of New 

Hampshire. — 

As we are refer'd to, in the preceeding Memorial, to give further 
Information, touching the State of our Soldiers ; and authorized 
thereby, to Sollicit the Honorable Court in their behalf ; we humbly 
crave Leave, to offer this, as a Supplement thereto. — 

Besides the almost Naked Condition of those of our Troops, who 
went first to Cape Breton ; Some of them are So enfeebled, by rea- 
son of the Length and Hardships of the Siege, & for 'want of neces- 
sary Comforts, in the Time of it, as renders them unfit for further 
Service, till Recruited ; others are Languishing under Sicknesses, of 
Various kinds, and most of them, are overrun with Lice, for want of 
Change of Apparel, which renders their Case still more uncomforta- 
ble. Whereupon, we humbly recommend, those Poor but brave men, 
to your Excellency's & Honour's wise. Just, and Compassionate Con- 
sideration, Earnestly beseeching, that Such of them as desire it, may 
be immediatly dismiss'd, and bro't back to their Native Country, their 
Families, & Friends ; that it may never be Said, they bravely fought 
themselves into a Prison ; for, what Else can be Said of it If they are 
Compcll'd to tarry, after the Expedition is Ended, as we apprehend 
it is, and that in a most Compleat and effectual Manner : For that, 
His Excellencys Proclamation of the 2 of February Last, proposed 
an Expedition, for the Reduction of the French Settlements, on the 
Island of Cape Breton, & not for the garrisoning of them ; and the 
Enlistment, was in Consequence thereof, (namely,) for Reducing, & 
not for garrisoning, and we humbly appeal, to your Excellency's •& 
Honors Judgment, whether, reducing and garrisoning, be not two 
things, quite different, and Distinct from each other ; and if so, 


whether the Troops of the first Embarkation, mayn't demand a dis- 
charge, as a Right and Justice due to them, instead of Solliciting for 
it, as an Act of Grace. But, on the other hand, if it Should be Said, 
that by the Expedition was meant and intended, that Louisbourg 
Should be garrison'd (in case of Success,) by those who should reduce 
it ; It may be Answer'd, that Such Intention, cant Rationally be Ex- 
tended further, than till other Troops, might be rais'd to relieve them ; 
and more than three Months, is already Pass'd, Since the Surrender ; 
a Space doubly Sufficient for that Purpose. — 

We take Leave further to Propose, that in Consideration, the Plun- 
der (which was expected would be great,) turns out, to be but a very 
Triffle, they May have an additional Grant of Bounty, as a further 
Reward, of their Toil, Hazard, and Bravery, as the Massachusetts 
Troops have already had". — 

As to those, whose Lot may be to tarry over the Winter, Whether 
by Choice, or Compulsion, (if any Should be Compell'd so to Do,) 
We humbly propose, that besides an Augmentation of their Wages, 
and a Grant of Apparell, and Bedding, Suitable for the Climate and 
Season ; they May have an Augmentation of their allowance of Rum 
& Molasses, to half a Pint of Each, for Each Man '^ Day, and a 
Couple of Quarts of Small Beer also, the Waters there, being exceed- 
ing bad, and very unwholesome to Drink ; that there may be a Surplus 
of Stores, of all kinds, to be Purchased of the CommiSsary, at a 
Stated Price, and that there may be a Provision of Physic, as well as 
of Food & Cloathing ; and that Each Cap' may have a Copy, of the 
Invoices of the Stores 8i Cloaths Sent for the Soldiers, with the 
Prices of those Commodities, that may be Sent for Sale ; that the 
Care, the Justice, & the goodness of the Honorable Court, may be 
made known to every individual Man. — 

As the Season of the year is far advanced, and the Soldiers greatly 
distress'd ; Some For Want of a Discharge, and other for want of 
Necessarys and Conveniencies, to make their Lives Comfortable, We 
humbly Pray, that what we have offered, may have the earliest Con- 
sideration & Dispatch, that is Possible. 

And your Memorialists as in Duty bound Shall Ever Pray 

T W Waldron 
Portsmouth Sep' 24 1745 Jonathan Present 

[3-145] \List of Greenland Impressed Men.^ 

Provance of ) greenland September the 30 Da 1745 

Newhampshare \ by his Exelency Mr Benning Wentworth order I 


Prest twenty men that belonged to my troop to onlode the store ship 
but there was but Eighteen went and they say they did three Days 
work. John Brackett Capt 

thomas Runals nathan maston 

Joseph Nelson Joseph melun 

John weeks walker Lear 

Samuell weeks Samuell Gate 

william hunt John Dam 

Samuell Bruster nathaniel Shirborn 

thomas arees Joseph weekes 

william Chase and John Avery who 

John wiggin they Chose to Reseve 

nathaniel Brackett their wages 

1 8 Troopers 2 Days each at 3/ is — 5 — 8 — 

Province of 1 Sep"" — 30*'' — 1 745 — 

N-Hampsh^ j Sworn to before y^ House by John Avery 

D Peirce Clk 
Province of 1 
N Hampsh'' j In the House of Representatives Sep"" 30*^ 1745 — 

Voted — That there be allow'd five Pounds Eight Shill's for y* 
within mention'd Service Viz* fifty eight Shillings to y'^ Troopers & 
fifty Shillings to M""^ Batson for Diet to be paid out of y'' money in 
y^ Publick Treasury for y^ Defence of y^ Government — 

D Peirce Clk 

In Council Octo'"' i 1745 read & Concurrd 

Theod'' A.tkinson Se^ 

Eod"" Die Assented to B Wentworth 

[See Vol. v., p. 379. — Ed.] 

[3-147] \_Pctition of Benjamin Lewis, Louisbourg Soldier.'] 

To His Excellency Benning Wentworth Esq'' — Governour and Com- 
mander in Chief in and over his Majestys Province of New Hamp- 
shire — To the Honorable his Majestys Council for said Province 
and House of Representatives in General assembly Convened 
Humbly Shews Benjamin Lewis of Portsmouth in the Province of 
New Hamp"" That he hath been in the Service of his King and Coun- 
try in the Expedition for the Reduction of Louisbourg in Coll : Sam'^ 


Moores Regiment That he arrived here about five weeks since, That 
he was sick for a fortnight before his arrival and hath continued so to 
this time, That the wife of your Petitioner is now also sick — y' your 
Petitioner hath four Children Small & not able to help themselves — 
That your Petitioner, hath nothing for the Supporting of himself or 
family nor for paying the Doctors Bill and that without some Relief 
he must unavoidably suffer — Wherefore your Petitioner (In Forma 
Pauperis) Prays Your Excellency and Honours to Grant him such 
Relief as in your Great Goodness shall seem meet and reasonable & 
your Petitioner as in duty bound shall ever pray &c 

Oct'" i^' 1745 benjaman lewes 

Province of } 

N Hampsh^ \ In the House of Representatives Jan*" 3'' 1745 

Voted — That there be allow'd to y*^ within mention'd Benj^ Lewis 
y^ Sum of four Pounds in Answer to y^ Prayer of y*^ within Petition 
to be paid out of y^ Money in y^ Treasury for y^ Use of y^ Expedition 
against Louisbourg — D Peirce Clk 

Jan'^y 4*^ 1745 In Council read & Concurrd 

Theod Atkinson Sc^ 

Eod™ Die Assented to B Wentworth 

[He was allowed £4. January 3, 1746. — Ed.] 

[3-148] \_Robert Tuftou PJiilbrook's Account, 1745.] 

Provnce of new hamsher. Endeted to Robrt Tufton Philbrock 
for mendeing gons for this Expditon march 1 745 

to mend a gon Sent by Cop harua [Harvey] . . 0-3-6 

to mend & Clean 2 gons Sent by Cap Tufton . . 0-13-9 

to mend & Clean & harden the locke of 7 gons . . i -13 - o 

to mend & Clean 2 gons Sent by Cap harua . . 0-6-0 


the fowiling percons whoos names are Ende*^ to Robrt Tufton phil- 
brock for mening of gons in the Cost of the Compny 
Cap whidens men — 

danel alien . 



- 6 James maston 



- 6 

Sergnt Shaw 



- 6 Jonthn maston 



- 6 

John dunken 




- 6 Jam mouton 



- 6 



giden hurel . 

— 2 

- 6 

John adskon 



- 6 

John pain 

- 5 

- 6 

John dunkin 



- 6 

Joseph Rodman . 

- 4 

- 6 

ben kenston 



- 6 

Jose Rolens . 

- 6 

- 9 

Joseph peava 



- 6 

Jonthn Slepr 

— 2 


John pery 



- 6 


- 8 

- 6 

Sam Row 



- 6 

ben dorton . 

— 2 

- 6 

Jabe Shaw . 



- 6 


— 2 

- 6 

abraham benet 



- 6 

Cor more 


- 9 

Eben Samborn 



- 6 

2 gons by Sleper 

willam Cucknet 




for the Cor 
another gon for the 


- 6 

6 - 





I -10 - o 

to 3 hole days for the Servic of fleet after the above 
work was don ........ 

Rob Tufton philbrock 
Samuel more 
Province of | 
N Hampsh'' \ In the House of Representatives Octo"" 2"^ 1745 

Voted That Rob' Tufton Philbrick be allow'd Two Pounds Ten 
Shillings & three farthings in full for his Accts for Mending y^ Vol- 
unteers Guns &c to be p'' out of y^ Money in y^ publick Treasury for 
y^ use of y^ Expedition ag' Louisbourg — D Peirce Clk 

In Council Eod"' Die read & Concurrd 

Theodore Atkinson Se"^ 

Eod'" Die Assented to 
[See Vol. v., p. 381. — Ed.] 

B Wentworth 

[Atkinson to TJi07nlinson?\ 
[Belknap Papers, Vol. I., p. 136.] 

Portsm" Nov: 13 1746 — 
S'' — Cap' Jos Sherburne who Incloses this together with Admiral 
Warrens & Gen' Pepperrells Certificate of his good behaviour while 
at the Seige & in the City of Louisbourg hopeing your friendship 
may obtain him some reward for his Eminant service don he has de- 
sired me to mention to you that it would be gratefull to every body 
here could he obtain a rccompcnce from the ordnance &c he Intended 
to Cfoe for Ensfland but beine: so uscfull a man is Detained here on the 


Canada Expedition as Comander of one of the armed Vessells & is 
now bound to Annapolis to the assistance of that Garrison with a 
Comp^ of Canada Soldiers fitted out by this Governm' I hope the 
admiral will be at home he will easily get something I know he will 
assist him as he knows how advantagious his services were 

I am S"" Yours 

D — d Cap* Sherburne 

[Under same date] 

Sir — I am now to acknowledge the rec' of your favour of the 
by Adams, who is now at Boston, Capt. Gayton & the other 
mast Ships not yet arrived, nor is Phillip Read. I hope she mist the 
Breast Squadron on their return. 

I wrote you via Boston & Inclosed my Diary to Lady Day Last 
which fear is gone to france Shall soon Draw them out again & for- 
ward them Inclosed you have a memorandum how the Silk gowns 
left with you by Cap' Adams last voyage are to be managed the 
owner desires you would order them when Prepared In any Vessell 
you think best to this Country 

I have long since tho* my writing you on Publick affairs or the sit- 
uation of our Provincial affairs would be rather troublesome or at 
least quite unnecessary, but your complaining for want of Intelligence 
Occasions you this. As to the reimbursement of the charge for 
reduceing Louisbourg (Petitioned for) now under the guidance of your 
solicitation, 'twas utterly Impossible any regular ace* of that Expence 
could be forwarded to London at the time when you say the other 
Governm*^ were ready with all the proper vouchers, it being late this 
Summer before our Troops returned or many of our Transports were 
dismist. I know the other Governm'^ were in the same situation. 
The Committee are now finishing those Acc'^ & you will have them 
properly vouched Whatever came before from any Governm* must 
be either partial or lumped or guest at. I hope the Province will 
meet with better fortune in the repayment of the Expence than the 
brave men did in the Distribution of the Commissions. As to the 
Canada Expedition — with us it stands thus — on the 9"^ of April last 
his Grace the Duke of New Castle writs the Gov"" of his Majesties 
Gracious Intentions in carrying on such an Expedition, this Letter 
reached us the beginning of June, the Assembly not being then set- 
ting the Gov'' imediately convened them & in his Speech opened the 
whole affair. The Assembly Imediately voted the raising of 1000 
men or more if they could be raised by the last of August with a 
bounty to each effective man of ^30 currency & a blanket, and a 
Committee appointed to take up Transports & provide Provisions, 
beating orders were soon given out & about 800 men were ready for 


Embarking early in July & I am fully persuaded that the number 
might have been made up looo, at any time in three days after. 
Thus the men with Transports & Provision were all ready & very 
impatiently waited till about the lo of September when we had the 
news of the Brest Squadron being off Jabucto * a harbor on the Cape 
Sable shoar, — this you must Imagine Put us into the greatest hurry 
expecting a Discent every moment, We imediately employed every 
body in building Batterys at the Great Island & in a few days got a 
new battery from the Castle to the Sandy Cove to the westward of 
1 6, 24 & 32 p""^ these batterys will play upon any vessell a mile & 
half before she comes to the Castle which is alsoe now in good 
order, the guns all mounted on good Platforms. In this state 
of fear & uncertainty we remained till about 25*'^ of October 
when sundry prisoners taken by the P"leet were set at liberty, 2 or 
three days after the fleet sail'd from Jabucta, these people gave an 
ace' of the Duke Dinivels [J] pois'ing himself & that the 2^ in command 
afterwards stab'd himself — but was not dead as they understood but 
never appeared after — that they gave out they were bound to 
Annapolis Royal & after reducing that would winter at Casco bay & 
early in the Spring destroy all New England. That the army & 
fleet were very sickly having burryed 2000 in their Passage & 1800 at 
Jabucta, that they had 4000 sick on board the Fleet when they sail'd 
from that harbour. Upon this news we got ready our armed vessels 
& Imbarked about 175 but we had advice in 2 or 3 days that the fleet 
separated in a storm & all went off this coast except 2 a 60 & 36 gun 
ships who not meeting the Admiral after the Storm went to Annap- 
olis where the Chester, Capt. Spry & Capt. Rowse & A small vessell 
lay, who upon their approach endeavouring to obstruct their entry ran 
on shoar & before she could get a float again the French made their 
Escape but were pursued by the Chester but too late to come up with 
them, the next day the Pilots the French took in at Jabucta were sent 
to Menis with a Letter to the Commander of y^ Canadeans &c. that had 
been then some time before Annapolis acquainting that they were 
gon off & upon this intelligence the French decamped & went off to 
Menis, thus you have the history of the Brest Squadron who had 
they been followed by one third of Admiral Martin's Squadron would 
have demolished the whole fleet they being in a most Dismal condi- 
tion. They lost on 60 gun ship foundred in the passage, one other 
lost on the Isle of Sable & a 50 gunship condemned & burnt at Ja- 
bucta. The others when our Prisoners left them were in a most dis- 
trest condition they taking most of the marrincrs out of the Trans- 
ports to man the men of War, so that the much questioned weither 

• Cliebucto. 


they would be able to reach France & now Pray let me aske you what 
is become of the Canada Expedition 'tis now the middle of Novem- 
ber, we have not had one line from the ministry since the first letter 
of the 9"^ of April last, we have in the 4 New England gov'"'^ now 
actually waiting near 5000 men. Perhaps 12 or 15 hundred will be 
imployed at Annapolis Royal. Possibly the remainder may be im- 
ployed ag^' Crown Point in conjunction with the men raised in the 
southern Colonies. I wish they may be successful, but am not very 
sanguine, the distance the Canon & mortars with proper utensils for 
Intrenching must be Transported over an uninhabited country — so 
great a distance together with all y^ Provisions &c. I fear will be at- 
tended with too much Difficulty in a winter season. If we in this 
Province do not Joyn this attack we shall I believe be imployed in 
searching & cutting a road from hence directly to Canada river which 
may better be don at this season than any. I am still hoping Capt. 
Gaiton (') may bring us some Instructions in relation to the Expedi- 
tion, otherways our Situation will be but very indifferent. We are 
now at such a charge as makes all wild. I begin to repent I ever In- 
gaged in the Expedition, but every thing is now at stake having prom- 
ised the [men] that I would goe with them before they inlisted, 
neither would any enter till my name was put into the Inlistments & 
they are all thus inlisted. 'tis impossible to Imagine the fatigue I have 
had with those people — not one commission officer & still 800 men 
to be governed without any real authority or Power of punishing such 
as deserved, besides the very great expense that has attended this 
service that this state of inactivity has put me quite out of patience 
as well as out at heals, 'tis true the Assembly made very generous 
offers if I would engage in the Expedition & I believe would have 
done every thing for my Hon'' & Comfort, but unless it is in my Power 
to render them some service, I can hardly Expect any recompense for 
my Time, Expence, & trouble. — gave an acco' of our purchasing Ma- 
son's right, &c. 

[Endorsed] — Copy to Capt. 
Thomlinson, Nov. 13. 1746. 
pr. Admiral Warren. 

[3-150] [^Petition from Lotiisbotirg Soldiers, 1745.] 

To His Excellency Benning Wentworth Esq"" Captain General, & 
Governor In Chief, In & over His Majesties Province of New- 
Hampshire, To the Honorable the Council, and General Assembly, 
of the Said Province, In General Court Convened. 

(i) This name is doubtful — perhaps Gaston or Gaiton. 


The Petition of Sundry Soldiers, of the New Hampshire Regiment, 
in the Expedition against Cape Breton, Humbly Shevveth, 

That we were Part of the Number of Voluntiers, who undertook 
the Storm of the Island Baltery ; That we were taken Prisoners, 
and continued so twenty one Days ; That we Lost with our Lib- 
erty our Arms, and a Part of our Cloaths ; and that, instead, of hav- 
ing an additional Reward, for our Services and Sufferings, in that 
hazardous & desperate Attack, a considerable Part, of our Pittance 
of Wages, has been hitherto withheld from Us to Pay for the Lost 
Guns ; That we have been Sufferers in another Respect also. Viz* by 
Short Allowance, the Account of which, is Contained in a Schedule 
hereto annexed, together, with the Account of our Losses, in the 
aforesaid Storm. 

We therefore, humbly take Leave to Recommend to your Excel- 
lency's and Honour's Wise, and Paternal Consideration, our unfortu- 
nate Case, praying, that you will be Pleased, in your great Goodness, 
to order the Guns we Lost to be Paid for, out of the Treasury ; and 
that we may Recieve our full Wages ; Also, that we may be Paid, for 
the other Losses we Sustained, In the aforesaid Storm, and May have 
Some gratuity Likewise, for the extraordinary Risking of our Lives in 
that bold Attack ; and that we may have a Grant of Pinch-Mony for 
our Short Allowance, with Such Augmentation, as may in Some 
Measure Compensate us, for our Sufferings, by want thereof, in the 
Proper Place & Season ; or that your Excellency and Honors will be 
Pleased to do for us, in any other way and manner, as may be most 
consistant with your Wisdom & Justice. And your Petitioners Shall 
ever Pray as in Duty bound 

Waymouth ham Timothy Cotton 

John Allcock Joseph ham 

Sam" ffrost Leader Nelson 

In Council Nov 28*'' 1745 

read & ord'' to be Sent to the House 

Theod' Atkinson Se'T' 

In Council May 7"^ 1746 

read & ordered to be Sent to the Hon^''^ House 

Theodore Atkinson Se''^ 

alow'^ To the within Pef® 
Waimouth Ham 2- 5- 
Timothy Cotton i- 14- 
John alcock 18- 

Joscph Ham 14- 


Samuel frost 


Leader Nelson 

I- 9- 6 

Shadrack Wamouth 

I- 3- 7h 



[3~I50 \_Louisboiirg Soldiei's' Petition, 1745.] 

To His Excellency Benning Wentworth Esq"^ Governor & Commander 
in Chief in & over His Majesty's Province of New Hampshire the 
Hon^''' His Majesty's Council & House of Representa^ for said 
Province in General Assembly Convened NoV 23'^'^ 1745 

The Humble Petition of Sundry of the Soldiers in the Late Expe- 
dition against Louisbourg Shews — 

That your Petitioners were before or Soon after their Return 
from the said Expedition taken Sick of the Fever in which they Lay 
a Considerable time under the Care of the Late Docf Rogers & by the 
Blessing of God on his Administrations were Recoverd to Health — 

That the said Sickness being very Grievous was attended with 
great Expence besides the Doctors Bill which Considering his Appli- 
cation your Petitioners think cant be Small tho' they know not what 
it is & as they were then in the said Service (not being dismis'd) and 
as the said Sickness was Probably bro't upon them by that Service at 
Least made worse in it Self & worse for them to bear They most 
Humbly Pray that an Allowance may be made them to defray the 
Expence of the Said Sickness & to Alleviate their Sufferings & the 
■ Burthens bro't upon their families by their Ingaging in the Said Ser- 
vice and Yo"" Petitioners as in duty Bound Shall ever Pray &c — 

John Deverson John Walden 

Waymouth ham Edward Pendexter Jun*" 

Joseph Ham 

Province of 1 In the House of Representatives Jan"" 4*'' 1745 Voted 
N Hampsh'^ J — That there be allow'd to John Deverson ten Pound 
& to John Walden Weymouth Ham Edward Pendexter jun'' & Joseph 
Ham each four Pounds in Consideration of their Sickness & Loss of 
Time, to be p"* out of y^ money in The Treasury for y'^ Use of y^ Expe- 
dition against Louisbourg. 

D Peirce Clk 
Eod"" Die read in Council & Concurrd 

Theod'' Atkinson Sc^ 
Eod"' Die Assented to 

B Wentworth. 
Warr* 6 Jan''>' 1745 


[3-152] {Joseph Sleepers Petition, Louisbourg^ I745-] 

November 25*^ 1745 — 
To the most honrable Comitty of the Ginarell Cort of New ham- 
shier I have sarved the provins from the 13 day of febreuary to 22^'^ 
of September Eight months and thre days and my demand I think is 
sixty five pound I beg your honrs would Consider me as I was left 
with care over the companey for Cap*" Lad was confined and his com- 
paney taken from him and comitd to my care by the cort marshell 
Ever sins 27'^ of July I leve these things with your onrs considra- 
shon for whome I shall Ever pray your humbl sevrent 

Joseph Sleeper 

In Council May 7*^ 1746 — read & Sent to the House 

Theod"" Atkinson Sc^ 

[3-153] {Soldiers'' Losses at Louisboiirg.'\ 

Portsmouth Nov 26 1746 
Memo of what I the Subscriber Lost at the attack of the Island 
Battery the 26 of May last Viz 
a Gun Valued at 35/ a Sword 12/6 a Cartouch box 3/ a 

Great Coat Made of Duffels ab* one year old, 30/ £4,, -„ 6 

Province of N Hamp''Dr To Waymouth Ham. back Allowance 
To 46 Days of Peas to 40 Days of Rum & to 13 Days of Pork 

Errors Excepted '^ Waymouth ham 

Memo of What I the Subscriber Lost in Manner as above 
A Gun which I bo't of M-" Mark H Wentworth. & for 
which I gave him 75/ a Pistol which Cost Colo Meserve 
30/ a Cartouch box 3/ a Knife 1/ £$„ 9,, 

Province of N Hamp"" Dr To Timothy Cotton 
To 35 Days of Rum 
Errors Excepted ^ Timothy Cotton 

Memo of What I the Subscriber Lost in Manner as above 
A Gun Value 40/ Cartouch box 3/ a Sword 15/ — £2,, i8„ - 

Prov N Hamp-^ D"" to Jn° Allcock 

To 40 Days of Rum ten Days Peas 
Errors Excepted "^ John Allcock 



Memo of what I the Subscriber Lost In Manner aforesaid 
A Gun one of Prescuts Arms Commonly So Calld Value 
75/ a Sword yjG a Cartouch box 3/ pair Mittens 1/6 a 
Pair buckels 1/9 a knife 1/ £4,, 9,, 9 

Province of N Hamp' D"" to Joseph Ham 

To 40 Days Rum 9 days Pork 18 days Peas 
Errors Excepted ^ Joseph Ham 

Memo of what I the Subscriber Lost In Manner aforesaid 
A Gun 35/ a Cartouchbox 3/ a Hatchet 3/ a knapsack 2/6 £2,, 3,, 6 

Pro of N Hamp*" D'' To Sam' Frost , 
To 46. Days Peas 40 Days Rum 16 Days Bread & 13 Days Pork 
Errors Excepted "^ Sam'' Ffrost 

Memo of what I the Subscriber Lost In Manner aforesaid 

A Gun Value 75/ a Sword 12/6 a Knapsack 2/6 a Cartouch- 
box 3/ two Powder Horns 2/ a pair of Stockings 3/9 a 
Shirt Gotten New 1 1/3 Hat 3/9 a knife /9 
Pro of N Hamp"^ D'' To Leader Nelson 

To 35 Days Rum 
Errors Excepted "^ Leader Nelson 

Province of ) 

N Hamp"" \ Nov 26 1745 then Waymouth Ham Timothy Gotten 
John Allcock Joseph Ham Saml Ffrost & Leader Nelson Personally 
Appeard & Made oath to the truth of their Annexed account to the 
forgoing Petition both with relative to what they Lost at the Storm 
of the Island Battery & their Short Allowance 

Goram Sai.J Hart Jus* peace 

Portsmouth November 24*'^ 1745 
An Account of what I the Subscriber Lost at the attack of the 
Island Battery at Louisbourg the 26"^ of may 1745 Time I was 
Taken Prisoner 

to one Gun Prised at 
Powder home 2/ [illegible] 12/ 
one hatich 10/ i pocket Book 3/ 
one Knife 3/6 i pr mittens 4/ 
to I pr silver Bouckels . 

^10 -0-0 
o -14 - o 

-C14 -14 - 6 


Province of Nevvhampsher Dr To Back alowince Which is Due 
to 46 Days of pees 40 Days of Rum 
to 16 Days of Bread 13 Days of poork 
Errors Accepted By Shadrach Wamouth 

Province of 1 November 25'*" 1745 then Shadrach Wamouth ap- 
New Hamps / peared and Made oath that the within is a Just and 
true acco* of what he Lost as Set forth and what is behind of his 

Coram Sam* Hart Jus' peace 

[3-154] \_Pctition of Edward Card, Loinsbotirg Soldier.^ 

To His Excellency Benning Wentworth Esq"" Captain General & 
Commander in Chief in & over His Majesty s Province of New 
Hampshire The Hon*^'^ His Majesty's Council & House of Repre- 
sentatives for said Province in General Assembly Convened the 
17*'" Day of Decemb' 1745 — 

The Humble Petition of Edward Card of New Castle in said 
Province Mariner Shews 

That Your Petitioner went in the late Expedition against Louis- 
bourg as a Mariner under Cap^ Furnald, in which station your Peti- 
tioner faithfully discharg'd his Duty during the time he continued 
therein — That after the forces were Landed when Cap' Brooks had 
the Command of a Battery (called after his Name) given him by the 
General, with a Liberty of Chusing his Second, he made Choice of 
Your Petitioner, who accordingly quitted his duty on Board the Ves- 
sel for that which was more difficult, attended with more hardship, as 
well as more Danger — 

That Your Petitioner Continued in this Station until Call'd & Or- 
der'd to leave it & go as a Gunner to Cap' Mason, who had the Com- 
mand of the Light House Battery, where your Petitioner Discharged 
the Duty of that Post, during the Remaining part of the Siege — 

Besides which Dangerous Services, Your Petitioner was with the 
Said Cap' Brooks in the front of the Attack upon the Island Battery, 
where they (with others) fought about four hours, in the most Immi- 
nent Danger, that can be Conceived tho' by the Peculiar protection 
& Safe gard of Heaven Your Petitioner met with no Personal Harm, 
which Enterprise tho it faild of the Desird Effect, yet answer'd a 
very valuable End in disheartening the Enemy by the Boldness & 
Intrepidity of our Soldiers, from all which Extraordinary Service 


Your Petitioner Humbly Conceives he justly Merits a more ample 
Reward than the Pay of a Private Mariner and therefore Prays that 
he may be allowd the Pay of a Gunner as he did the Duty & under- 
went the Danger & Hardship of that Office, & that he may Receive 
such farther Recompence as in Your Wisdom & Goodness you shall 
judge such Arduous & Dangerous Services justly Claim. & Your Pe- 
titioner as in duty Bound Shall Ever Pray &:c — 

Edward Card 
In Council December 20'^ 1845 read & recommended 

Theod"" Atkinson Se'^y 

To His Excellency Penning Wentworth Esq"" Capt GenP Governor & 
Cornmander in Chief in & over His Majestys Province of New 
Hampshire The Hon^'*' His Majesty's Council & House of Repre- 
sentatives for Said Province in General Assembly Convened — 
May it Please Your Excellency & The Hon^'^ The other Branches 
of the Legislature — 

Having Read the Annexed Petition & as we are well knowing of 
the facts therein Related (so far as they Regard the Petitioner) at his 
Request we do hereby Certify the truth thereof, & if called are Ready 
to give a Particular account of the Same 

Witness our hands the ly^^ Day of Decemb"' 1745 — 

Nathaniel Meserve Ezekiel Pitman 
John Furnell Thomas Pickerin 

William Seaward Abram Trefethen 

John Hart 

[He was allowed £4. extra for services as gunner, and £1. 18. for 
gun and cartridge-box. — Ed.] 


[This document is a petition of William FuUerton, of Exeter, who 
states that he was in the Cape Breton expedition ; was discharged by 
Major Ezekiel Gilman, and returned home with Captain " Branscomb." 
He was sick and under the care of Doctor Dudley Odlin, whose bill 
he wanted the Province to pay. — Ed.] 

[3-156] {Petition of Moses Meader, of Durham, Soldier.~\ 

To His Excellency Benning Wentworth Esq"" Governour and Com- 
mander in Chief in and over his Majestys Province of New Hamp- 


shire To the Honorable his Majestys Council and House of Repre- 
sentatives in General Assembly convend December 19''^ 1745 — 
The Memorial of Moses Meder of Durham in New Hamp"" Most 
humbly shews — That your Memorialist was one of the Volunteers in 
the pay of this Province at the Reduction of Louisbourg — That 
your Memorialist was sick before he left Louisbourg That your Me- 
morialist arrivd at New Castle some time the latter End of august 
last past and was confined there by sickness upwards of three weekes 
That during his sickness there he was At the Charge of a Doctor four 
Pounds four shillings old Tenor and Six pounds nine shillings like 
money for necessarys and attendance — That your Memorialist hath 
been able to do but little since he came home for the support and 
Maintenance of himself & family wherefore your Memorialist prays 
Your Excellency and Honours Consideration of this Memorial and 
that you will be pleased to make him some Allowance out of the pub- 
lick Treasury and your Memorialist as in Duty bound shall ever 
pray &c — 

moses meader 
In Council Jan''^ 2 1745-6 read & Sent Down to the Hon^^^ House 

Theod"^ Atkinson Se"^ 

[He was allowed ;£$. in full, January 3, 1746. — Ed.] 

[3~i57] \_Petition of Edivard Hopkins, of Portsmont/i.'\ 

To His Excellency Benning Wentworth Esq"^ Captaine General, Gov- 
ornour, and commander in Chief in and over his Majesties Province 
of Newhampshire in New-England, and to the Hon*"'^ His Majesties 
Council & House of Representatives now Convened in Genneral, 
Assembly — 

Edward Hopkins of Portsmouth in Newhampshire aforesaid hum- 
bly Sheweth, That when the Expedition for the taking Cape Britaine 
was preparing, he with Sundry others of the Town of Portsmouth 
Enlisted for the Same — 

And was active and did faithfull Duty acccording to the best of his 
Abillity in every Station he was Commanded to till after the -Reduc- 
tion of the Place — 

And in Some little time after at Louisbourge he was taken Sick — 
and So Sent up in one of the Transports, and has laine in an Extream 
and low condition Ever Since not being able to help himself in the 
least Measure — has Spent in Subsisting him the Wages & Bounty 


given him and has been on the Charity of well disposed persons for 
Some time — And as he has done his Duty faithfully in Said Expe- 
dition and this Illness proceeds from the Distemper there Rife among 
the Troops he Most humbly Prays you Excelly & the Honourable the 
Genneral Court, to allow him something towards his subsisting him- 
self. As in your Wisdome Shall Seem meet, and your Petitioner as 
in Duty bound Shall Ever Pray &c^ 

Edward Hopkins 
Portsmouth Jan"" the first 1745/6 

In Council Jan"^ 2"^ 1745-6 read & Sent Down to the Hon^^^ House 

Theod"" Atkinson Se*^ 

[He was allowed ^7. 10. — Ed.] 

[Shirley to Weiitworth.'] 
[Belknap Papers, Vol. II., p. 241.] 

Boston, Jany 12, 1746. 
Sir — I am favour'd with yours by last Post, in answer to which, as 
to the attempt upon Crown Point w'^'^ your Excellency supposes to be 
laid aside, it will proceed, if Connecticutt and the Southern Govern- 
m'^ do not fail on their part. The General Assembly here is much 
engaged in promoting it, and earnest in their requests on me to pur- 
sue it : had it not proceeded, I would have endeavoured to assist in 
your attempt ag®' St. Francois with two or three or more companies. 
This proceeding ag®* Crown Point, between meetings at the Prov- 
ince house to concert proper measures, preparing dispatches to go 
Express to Connecticutt and New York, and the variety of Business 
I have with the Assembly, together my dispatches for London 
& Annapolis, none of all w=^ would admit delay, necessarily occasion'd 
my not particularly answering your two last letters before this Post, 
w'^'' I hope you will therefore excuse. The first of those letters con- 
tains an answer to mine upon the augmenting of your three hundred 
Troops design'd ag^' St. Francois, and am glad to find in it y' you 
agree with me thereupon in sentiments, and are determin'd to aug- 
ment 'em to 500 besides Voluntiers, and it is a particular pleasure to 
me to find y*^ Col. Atkinson will go himself upon this Enterprise, w^** 
I have also signify 'd to the Governm** of Connecticutt and New York, 
and gave 'em hopes y' your attempt upon St. Francois would have 
kept time as near as possibly might be with that ag^' Crown Point, 
w'^'^ would favour the success of both : As to your Excellency's 


second letter, yet imanswer'd, the ace' of our men's marching to Menis 
and the Deputies agreeing to furnish 'em w''^ three months subsist- 
ence gives me great pleasure, and it seems to promise y* all things 
will go right there. I think, as your Excellency observes, Capt. 
Mitchell's cruise was an unfortunate one, and his coming back to 
Portsmouth for the reasons he gives seems, I must confess, very ex- 
traordinary. But your Excellency is the best judge of that. I will 
endeavour to get some information from Capt. Stephens respecting 
the situation & distance of St. Francois from Winnepesaket Pond, 
and to have it sent you. It will be of great importance y^ your forces 
should have the best of pilots that can be procur'd. 

As to what your Exc^ mentions concerning the pay of the forces, 
I have made no drafts for that charge as yet ; and all that I can Say 
at present is, y* it seems to me the several Gov"'® are warranted by the 
Duke of New Castle's letter to draw for their own Troops ; and I 
think the best method is to dispose of the bills to the merch*^ who 
are the most proper persons to negotiate 'em, w'^'^ is the method I 
have taken with respect to other charges of the Crown that have 
arisen here. 

Be pleas'd to excuse the haste of this scrawl and accept the Com- 
plim'* of the season, and an assurance y* I am, 

Sir, your Excellency's most Obedient, Humble servant 

W. Shirley. 
His Exc^ Gov'' Wentworth. 

[^Shirley to Wentivorth.'] 

[Belknap Papers, Vol. H., p. 242.] 

Boston, Jany 27, 1746. 
Sir. I had the favour of your Excy'' letter by the Post, and am 
sorry for the bad ace' from Winnipisioka Pond. I have the same 
doubt concerning the sufficiency of the officers commissionated by 
his Maj'y'' Govcrnours for holding a Court Martial, before the arrival 
of his Maj'y*' Commissions here, as you have ; tho' I have not the least 
doubt but y' the 170 men who deserted from the rest of the Troops 
at the Pond, are (if duly inlisted into his Maj'y® service, as I doubt not 
but they are) as much guilty of mutiny and desertion, as if their officers 
had actually receiv'd the King's Commissions, and may be try'd for it 
as soon as there shall be a proper Court Martial erected ; w^'' doubt- 
less your Assembly and other Branches of the Legislature may ena- 
ble your officers to hold untill the arrival of his Maj'>'^ Commissions 
&c. And I should think they would upon further consideration pass 


such an act, w* the particular circumstances of the case and the ne- 
cessity of his Maj'y'' service plainly require. I don't otherwise see 
how the officers can mentain a proper command over the soldiers. I 
am sure the General Interest of your own and the other neighbouring 
Governm'^ w*^'^ are very deeply concern'd in having your design'd 
attempt ag*' St. Francois supported and successfully prosecuted, loudly 
calls for such an one, especially as I have received advices from Gov'' 
Clinton by Express two days ago, y' he and his Gov* are determined 
to join w"^ the Governm''^ of the Massachusetts and Connecticutt in 
an attempt this winter upon Crown Point, and I expect the Gov"" of 
Connecticutt will come to a Resolution tomorrow to join too : and all 
three Governm'^ depend on your making the attempt ag^* St. Fran- 
cois at the same time, w"^^ seems to me likely to fail unless the As- 
sembly will join in passing such an act as I have before mention'd, 
and shall propose to mine forthwith to pass, least the same case 
should happen among the Troops rais'd in my Gov' as has happen'd 
with you. In the mean time, undoubtedly you may commit to Goal 
such of your mutineers and Deserters, as you can properly lay hold 
of, and secure 'em there, till there shall be a Court Martial for the 
Trial of 'em. 

The Inclosed papers will show your Excellency my method of En- 
listing. I should think some proclamation warning the men to return 
to their duty by such a day under pains of being prosecuted as De- 
serters with the utmost severity, would not be amiss. 

Excuse this hasty scrawl from 

Sir, your Excellencys most Obedient, Humble servant. 

W. Shirley. 
His Exc^ Gov'' Wentworth. 

[3-158] {Petition of Timothy Clement, of Concord, 1746.] 

To M'' Stephens Speaker of y^ House 

Sur this is to inform you that Sum Time in Januwary and febe- 
wary 1744/5 I went To winepesocky with Capt Chandler and I Caryed 
a Set of Survaying Instrements with me & Took a True plan of the 
pond according to a Mathematical! Rule and was at Considrable Cost 
to my Chain men and allso to the Indon Cristo and when I Got home 
It took me Several Days to Draw the Plan and to make the Remark 
of Caring places and the Lik and I never Recived but about 3^ 10*^ 
a Day old tennor : and I Sent the plan To His Excelency Supposing 
that It might be of Great Sarvice to the Goverment and I was in 
Hops that His Excelency or y^ Honrable Cort would in their wisdom 


and Charity a Low me Sumthing for the same and if they would 
I Should be thankfull for it in as much as I am a poor man and Have 
a Great familey To maintain and if you would Move it to y*^ Honrable 
Cort : and they would alow me any thing and would Send it by Cap^ 
Goss I Shall be your Sarvant at all Times Redy and willing To Sarve 
the Goverment as much as in me Lyes from 

Tim^"" Clement 
Rumford febe^ y^ 6''^ 1/45/6 

[For roll of the company, see Vol. V., p. 754. — Ed.] 


\_Petition from Mary Welch, of Portsmouth, Soldier s Wife.'] 

To His Excellency Benning Wentworth Esq"" Gover"" & Commander 
in Chief in & over his Majestys Province of New Hampsh"^ the 
Hon^'^ His Majestys Council & House of Representatives for Said 
Province in Gen^ Assembly Convend Feb''^ 19^'' 1745 — 
The Humbly Petition of Mary Welsh of Portsmouth in Said Prov- 
ince Shews 

That your Petitioners Husband John Welsh listed under Capt 
George Meserve when Recruiting for Louisbourg & went with him 
to that place & Still Continues a Soldier there — That he has Re- 
ceivd only his Months pay & the bounty Money on which his family 
has Subsisted Ever Since — But Your Petitioner having three Small 
Children cannot any Longer Support her Self & them without help 
— Wherefore She Prays that she may be Allow'd to take up the 
wages due for his Service & that payment thereof may bee orderd Ac- 
cordingly & Your Petitioner as in Duty Bound shall ever Pray &c — 

mary welch 
In Council May 7*'^ 1746 read & Sent Down 

Theod-" Atkinson Se^ 

[Endorsed] Dismis'd having been answered. 


[Joseph Sleeper's Statement relative to the Trouble between Colonel 
Richmond and Captain Ladd at Lonisbonrg^ 

Kingston in the ^ To His Excellency the Governour and com- 
Province of new y mander in chief in and over his Majesties Prov- 
Hampshire [ ince of new Hamps''and to the Hon' Court and 

Feb 15 1745-6 J Assembly thereof 


The humble Petition of Joseph Sleeper is that as Cap* Daniel Lad 
refused to order or Command his men any more by reason of a dis- 
gust he met with from Collonel Richmond May 1 8"' on Saturday Cap' 
Lad was in the Trench with the biggest Part of his Company and 
going out of the Trench on Saturday morning he passed by Colonel 
Richmond and gave no Account to him how many men he brought 
out of the Trench the Collonel Sent after him and brought him and 
his men back and Sent him with his men to a Guard House near the 
Trench and then Cap* Lad was offended with Colonel Richmond and 
Said he never would order his men any more nor have anything to do 
with them any more and So did not order them any more till the 14'^^ 
day of June we were ordered by the Colonel to go on Board the Man 
of Warr then the Colonel asked him if he would go on Board the 
Man of War he told the Col. he did not know he was not very well 
but he consented to go with his men again July 27'^ Cap* Lad was 
ordered into the Court Marshall I was Sent for into the Court to 
give Account why I did not come into Court when I was Summoned 
I told their Hon""* I was not Summoned, So when they looked they 
found my Name was not in the Summons then having asked me 
what my Name was they Summoned me to appear in Court the next 
Thursday at 9 a Clock to give Account what I knew concerning Cap* 
Lad and Brigadeer Waldo told me Cap* Lad was confined to his 
House not to go out any distance on any Account and I must Com- 
mand and lead the Company into the City on Monday next at 9 of 
the Clock and must order them from time to time and must obey Such 
orders as came to me from my Superior Officers. Now when the 
General told Cap* Lad that his men must unload a Sloop of Wood, 
he replyed that his men did not chuse to work except they ware payed 
for it ; then they Shall have none to burn Says the Generall We 
will burn Coal Says Cap* Lad, the Coal Says the General is for the 
Smiths, my men Says Cap* Lad cannot work they are So faint 
they can't get their Allowance of Rum ; they must have no more Rum 
they must have Molasses then Says Cap* Lad they must go to brew- 
ing Beer So he would not Send any men. The Colonel Sent a War- 
rant' to him to Send fourteen men and an Officer with them to guard 
a Sloop to Saint Peters to bring Wood but he refused to Send men 
and burnt the Warrant — Now I beg that the Hon'*^ Court would be 
pleased to consider me in this Matter as I have been forced to do this 
Service I think it is my undoubted Right to ask Some Satisfaction for 
it I don't remember that ever Lieu* Dudly was in the Trench more 
than twice I was forced to be most constantly with the men in the 



Trench I would humbly beg your Consideration on these things for 
whom I shall ever pray 

Joseph Sleeper 
In Council May y^^ 1746 read & Send Down 

Theod-- Atkinson Sq^^ 
Province of ) 

N Hampsh \ In the House of Representatives Aug* i^' 1746 
Voted — That y^ Within Petition be Dismissd D Peirce Clk 

[3-1 61] {^Petition of Francis Mason, of Strathani, Soldiei^.'] 

Province of | To His Excellency Penning Wentworth Esq Gov- 
New Hamp*^ j ernor & Commander in Chief in and over his Majes- 
tys Province of New Hampshir And to his Majestys Honourable 
Council And Hon^'^ house of Representives convened in Generall 
Assembly — 

The Petition of Francies Mason of Stratham in s'^ Province Hum- 
bly Sheweth, that your Petitioner, was one that went in the first 
Embarkcation to Cape-Breton and was there at the taking of the City, 
and behav'd as well as I could, and after that was taken Sick there ; 
was Sick there a Month, and came home sick in M'^ Parsons Vessel, 
when Cap* Seward came home, and was Sick two Months after I came 
a Shore & not abel to do any work, — about a month I lay Sick at 
Ports"'° at m'' Berrys under the care of Docter Rogers, & after his 
Death, my friends remov"^ me to Stratham, where I lay under the 
care of Docter Wiggin till I was better, I Pray your Excellency and 
Honours would consider my Circumstances and Pleas to bestow upon 
me what you in vour Wisdom Shall think fit, To whom I Shall be 
greatly Obliged, And for whom I Shall as in Duty bound ever Pray — 

frances mason 

Dated February the Eighteenth 1745/6 

In Council May 7"' 1746 read & Sent Down 

Theod'' Atkinson Se-^^ 
Allowed £,2. 10. o. 


[3-162] \Loiiisbourg Soldiers' Petition, 1746. Hampton Men.'\ 

To his Excellency Benning Wentworth Esq'' Governour And Com- 
mander in Chief in and Over his Majestys Province of New Hamps^ 
The Hon^^'^ The Councill And House of Representatives in General 
Assembly Conven'd Feb^ 18"^ 1745 — [1746 N. S.] 
Humbly Shews — Sarah Leavett widow & Relict of Moses Leavett 
Late of Hampton Deceas'd And Josiah Shaw And Nathanael Moul- 
ton of Hampton in Said Province That the Said Moses and we the 
Said Josiah and Nathanael were Soldiers in the pay of this Province 
at the taking of Louisbourgh, That we Cheerfully Underwent Any 
Hardships Nor Did We Shun Any Dangers where it was Tho't we 
might be helpfull for Accomplishing this Great affair And Accordingly 
when it was Tho't needflill to make an Attack on the Island Battery 
We the Said Josiah & Nathaniel And he the Said Moses Readily 
Ventured our lives in that Dangerous Enterprise where tho' we Es- 
caped with our lives were in the Utmost Danger of Loosing them 
And after the Greatest tryal of this Sort were obliged to Submitt to 
the Mercies of Our Enemies Where the Said Moses Lost a Gun of 
About ten pounds Value old Tenor A Great Coat of about Eight 
Pounds Value a Pistill Cartuse Box & Powder Horn And after his 
Return home was Sick & Required tendance a Great while And I the 
Said Josiah Lost a Gun of About ten pounds Value A Great Coat 
About ten pounds Value a Cutlass a Leather Guncase a Belt Powder 
Horn & Bullett Bag Amounting to the Value of About four Pounds 
fifteen shillings And I the Said Nathaniel Lost a Gun About Eight 
Pounds Value A Snapsack & Cartuse Box a Hatchet Bullet Bag & Two 
Powder horns We Therefore pray Your Excellency & Honours to 
take this Affair Under Your Consideration And Doubt not But it will 
Appear Agreeable to Justice and Humanity that these Losses should 
be made up to Us And such Allowance for Our Great Dangers & 
Hardships as to Your Excellency & Honours Shall Seem Reasonable 
For which as in Duty Bound We shall Ever Pray &c : 

Josiah Shaw 
Sarah Leavitt 
Nathanel Mouton 
In Council May 7''^ 1746 read & Sent Down — 

Theod"" Atkinson Se-^y 

alow'^ to wid° mary Levit for Sickness of her husband 

& other Losses . . . , . . . .7-0-0 

alow"^ Josiah Shaw . . . . . . . .3-0-0 

alow"^ Nath^ moltin . . . , . . . . 10 - o 



{Petition of Hugh Montgomery. Had a Son Killed at Loiiisboiirg^ 

To His Excellency Benning Wentworth Esq"" Governor & Comman- 
der in Chief in & over his Majestys Province of New Hampshire 
The Honb'^ his Majesty's Council & House of Representatives for 
said Province in General Court Assembled the 18^*" Day of Feb'' 
1745- 6 

The Humble Petition of Hugh Montgomery of Portsmouth in said 
Province joiner Shews 

That Your Petitioner is advanced in years & almost past his La- 
bour & has been disabled also by a fall which has Render'd him more 
incapable of Labour than he might otherwise have been had no Such 
Accident happen'd — That your Petitioner had a Son bro't up to his 
Trade, & was Master of it, who went in the Late Expedition against 
Louisbourg Who was Kill'd in the attempt upon the Island Battery 
where he lost his Arms & all that he had with him, & afterwards all 
that he had in his Tent was taken away by unknown hands, which 
Arms have been paid for (tho' lost) by a deduction out of the Wages 
allowd to your Petitioner for his Service — 

That the Death of his said Son is a very heavy and Grievous loss 
to your Petitioner, not only with Respect to his Relation to him & 
the strong ties of Natural Affection (which in this Case were Increased 
by a Constant dutiful behaviour) but in Special, with Regard to the 
profit of his Labour in the Prime time of his Service, being about 
Nineteen Years of Age when he listed and the Particular Circum- 
stances of your Petitioner, his said Son being his Chief Support the 
staff of his Age, & the main Stay of his Family, by the Remarkable 
Diligence & application of the Youth in his Business, & his thorough 
Mastery of it 

That Your Petitioner humbly Conceives it not only agreeable to 
Natural Justice to make such as hazarded their lives for the Service 
of their Country in so Eminent & Extraordinary a manner, or the 
Relations of those who died in the Service, a Generous Reward pro- 
portioned to the Hazzards & Benefits of the Event, but also Agreea- 
ble to the Practice of all other Places in this & the like Cases, Es- 
pecially where families are Reduced to a State of Indigence by the 
Loss of their Relatives — and therefore it Seems a Singular Instance 
of Severity & unkind usage to make those who lost their Arms in 
that Desparate attempt on the Battery afores'^ to pay for them which 
is in Effect Punishing instead of Rewarding those who laid down 
their lives for their Country (and what Effect this may have on others 
may be worthy Consideration) nor are those who died so, in this Par- 


ticular Instance the less to be Consider'd, because they did not Suc- 
ceed in the Enterprize since they shew their good Will & Courage for 
the Public service & thereby Intimidated the Enemy — But however 
others may fare Your Petitioner Humbly Conceives the Peculiarity 
of his Case Claims the Attention of the Government and therefore 
He Humbly Prays Such an allowance may be made to him in Con- 
sideration of the Premises as in Your Wisdom & Goodness you shall 
Judge fit and Your Petitioner as in duty Bound shall ever pray &c 

Hugh Montgomery 

In Council May 7'^ 1746 read & Sent Down 

Theod'' Atkinson Se''^ 

[He .was allowed ^15. — Ed.] 


[Petition of John Sleeper, of Hampton, dated February 18, 1745- 
46. He stated that he was taken sick after he came home from Lou- 
isbourg, and wanted an allowance. He was allowed his doctor's bill, 
£1. 5. 0. — Ed.] 


[Petition of Shubael Dearborn, of Hampton, Louisbourg soldier, 
dated February 18, 1745-46. Came home sick in September, 1745. 
He was allowed £,2>- O- o. — Ed.] 


[Petition of Joseph Redman, of Hampton, Louisbourg soldier, 
dated February 18, 1745-46. Came home sick in July, 1745. He 
was allowed £2. 10. o. — Ed.] 


\Petitio7i of Benjmnin Thomas, of PortsvioiitJi, Lo2iisbonrg Soldier, 


To His Excellency Penning Went worth Esq' Governor & Commander 
in Chief in & over his Majestys Province of Newhampshire The 
Hono^^^ his Majestys Council & House of Representatives for s'^ 
Province In General Court Assembled y^ 18*^ Day of ffeb"" 1745. 6 
The Humble Petition of Benj" Thomas of Portsmo'"^ In s^ Province 

ffelt Maker Shews 

That your Petitioner being Intirely Deprived of the use of his 


Arm with Regard to his trade by that Unhappy Shott att the Late 
Expedition And Whereas out of y'' Goodness you have Been pleased 
to allow Me Monthly Subsistance untill the 25 of March next I would 
pray your Hon''^ to Setle Something on me Anualy that May putt me 
in Some way to Gett bread for My wife And Children, without being 
always A trouble to your Hono'® or A Burthen to the town Which I 
Leave to your wisdom & Goodness ass you Shall Judge fite And your 
Petitioner as In Dutty Bound Shall Ever Pray &c 

Benj thomas 
P N Hamp'- 

In Council May y^^ 1746 read & Sent Down to the Hon'"'*^ House 

Theod"" Atkinson Sc^ 

Allowed ;!{^20. o. o in the Room of a Pension to be in full for Sat- 
isfaction for his Wounded arm & to have no future allowance on that 
Ace* from the Gen Assem 

[3-168] \L02usbourg Soldiers Petition. PortsmoiitJi Men.] 

To His Excellency Penning Went worth Esq"^ Governour and Com- 
mander in Chief in and over his Majestys Province of New Hamp"" 
To the Honorable his Majestys Council for Said Province and 
House of Representatives in General assembly Convened Feb'y 
18"^ 1745 — 

Most Humbly Shew George Dam George Huntris Henry Sleeper 
David Decker and Michael Martin all of Portsmouth in the Province 
of New Hamp'' That they each of them were at the Reduction of 
Louisbourg in the Pay of this Province, That they each of them were 
sick and at much expence Since their Return Home, Namely George 
Huntris three weeks George Dam five Weeks Henry Sleeper Six 
Weeks David Decker Eight Weeks and Michael Martin Seven Weeks 
— Wherefore your Petitioners respectively pray your Excellency and 
Honours to Grant them Such Relief as May be tho't reasonable and 
Just and your Petitioners as in Duty bound shall ever pray — 

Georg Dam David Dacker 

George Huntris Michael Martin 
Henry Sleeper 
In Council May 7''' 1 746 read & ord"" to be Sent Down 

Theod"- Atkinson Sc^y 

Allowed Deaker 3 - 7 - 


d° H Sleeper 

I : 

17: 6 

d. Geo. Dam i - 5 - 


d" Mich. Martyn 

-i • 


d° Geo. Huntriss -15 


[3-169] \_Louisbourg Soldiers' Petition. Portsinouth Men.'] 

To His Excellency Benning Wentworth Esq"" Governour & Comman- 
der in Chief in and over his Majestys Province of New Hamp"" To 
the Honorable his Majestys Council & House of Representatives 
in General Assembly Convened Feb'>' i8^'^ 1745 

Humbly Shew Michael Whidden of Portsmouth in the Province of 
New Hamp'' Joyner and Joshua Jackson of the Same Place Black- 
smith That they each of them were at the Reduction of Louisbourg 
in the pay of this Province That your Petitioner Michael was sick at 
Louisbourg and since his Return home has been and still is lame in 
his right Knee and under the hands of a Doctor and is unable to 
Tvork — That your Petitioner Joshua receivd a blow on the Small of 
his Back from a Cannon Shot while in the Trenches, whereby he was 
much hurt That thereby he is much disabled from working at his 
trade and business — Wherefore your Petitioners respectively pray 
your Excellency & Honours to Grant them Such Relief as you shall 
Judge Reasonable and your Petitioners as in Duty bound shall ever 
pray &c 

Mich^ whidden Joshua Jackson 

In Council May 7*'' 1746 read again & Sent Down 

Theodore Atkinson Se''>' 

Allowed 30/ to Jackson Allowed 40/ to Whidden 

[3-170] [^Petition of Sarah Trefethen, Soldiers Widoiv.] 

To His Excellency Benning Wentworth Esq"" Governour and Com- 
mander in Chief in and over his Majestys Province of New Hamp"" 
The Honorable his Majestys Council and House of Representatives 
in General Assembly Convened Feb''>' 18"' 1745 
Most Humbly Shews Sarah Treferren widow of Henry Treferren 
late of New Castle in said Province dec"^ — That her dec"^ husband 
was at the Reduction of Louisbourg in the pay of this Province, That 
soon after her said husband returnd home he was taken sick, of which 
Sickness he dyed in about ten days That he left your Petitioner with 
a number of Small Children, That after the death of your Petitioners 
husband, the whole Family, one excepted, was taken Sick whereby 
your Petitioner was put to great Straits & difficultys, that she hath not 
wherewith to pay for the Funeral charges & Doctors Bills — where- 
fore your Petitioner humbly prays Your Excellency and Honours to 


Grant her such Rehef in the Premises as you shall Judge Reasonable 
& Your Petitioner as in Duty bound shall ever Pray &c — 

Sarah treffen 

In Council May 7*'' 1746 read & Sent Down 

Allowed ;^3.. 0.. o — Theod"" Atkinson Se"^ 

The Wido''' of Henry Trefferren Deceas'^ Dr 1745 
To Sund>' Prac^ for her Husband & Fam^>' at Sund^ times 

Ams to 55/ Proc' Money £2,, 15,, o 

Equal to 220/ Old Tenor ;^ii„ o„ o 

New Castle / 
Feb''y 14"' 1745/6 \ £■■ Except "^ N Sargent j : p 

12/3 of the above allowed in another ace' 


[Petition of Elizabeth, widow of William Ham, of Portsmouth, 
who died at Louisbourg. — Ed.] 


\Petition of ZachanaJi Foss, of Portsmoiitk, Louisbourg Soldier, 1746.'] 

To His Excellency Penning Went worth Esq"" Governor & Commander 
in Chief in & Over His Majesty's Province of New Hampshire the 
Hon^'*' His Majesty's Council for Said Province &the Hon'^'"^ House 
of Representatives for the Same in Gen' Assembly Convened Feb'^^ 
19'h 1745 . 6 — 

The Humble Petition of Zachariah Foss of Portsm" in said Prov- 
ince Mariner Shews — 

That your Petitioner was one of the Persons who first Engagd in 
the ICnlistmcnt against Louisbourg & Plxerted himself to the utmost 
of his Power to Induce others to List in doing of which he Spent full 
forty pounds old tenor of his own Money 

That His Excellency was pleased to give your Petitioner a Com- 
mission to be Lieu' of the Sloop Abigail under the Command of Cap' 
Jn" Furnald as well as a Warr' to be Pilot thereof, in both which Sta- 
tions Your Petitioner acted & Discharged his Duty with Diligence & 
fidelity — by Reason whereof he had a Double duty & Some part of 
the time had not Opportunity for Sleep above two hours in the four 
& twenty for ten or twelve Days together 


That your Petitioner always attended whenever the Boats were Sent 
on Discoveries, was at the Reduction of S' Peters & on many other 
Important & Dangerous Services as a Lieu* besides attending his 
Duty in both Stations on Board, whenever the s^ Vessel was orderd 
on any Cruise 

That your Petitioner Conceives the hard Services which he went 
thro' in the said Expedition was a means of breaking his Constitution 
& bringing on that Sickness whereof he has lay confind for three 
Months & of w* he is not yet perfectly Recoverd, for all which he 
has had no allowance Excepting what was allowd him as a Pilot 
wherefore he humbly Prays, that his Case may be Consider'd that he 
may be allowd the pay of a Lieu' as he had the Commission & did 
the duty thereof (at least for the time he did So) — and that something 
may also be allowd to defray the Extraordinary Charges & Expences 
Occasiond to him by his Long Sickness & he shall as in Duty Bound 
Ever pray &c 

Zech : Ffoss 

In Council May 7'^ 1746 read & Sent Down 

Theod"" Atkinson Se'^ 

Allowed ;^5 : o : o 


[Petition of Samuel Edgerly, of Exeter, Louisbourg soldier. 
Stated that he v/as taken sick. He was allowed /^6. for Doctor 
Dudley Odlin's bill. —Ed.] 


\_Petition of Deborah Tucker and HannaJi Kenniston, Soldiers 

Widoivs, 1746.] 

To His Excellency Benning Wentworth Esq'' Governor & Commander 
in Chief in-& Over his Majesty's Province of New Hampshire the 
Hon''^'' his Majesty's Council & House of Representatives for Said 
Province in General Assembly Convened Feb"^ 19"' 1745 
The Humble Petition of Deborah Tucker & Hannah Kenniston 
Widows Shews — 

That your Petitioners late Husbands viz Lewis Tucker & John Ken- 
niston were Sailors on Board the Commodore Jn° Furnald Commander 
in the Late Expedition against Louisbourg but after their arrival there 


went a Shoar & Served as Soldiers where the said Kenniston was 
Soon Killd & the said Tucker Uvd to Return but Died in a few 
Days afterwards — That the allowance made to them has been only 
as Soldiers at five pounds per month without any Consideration of any 
Services they did as Seamen, and a deduction has been made for the 
Guns which they had of Eight pounds each & your Petitioners not 
allowd to have the property in them nor Liberty of Disposing of 
them — 

That your Petitioners have Several Small Children Each of them 
& are in necessitous Circumstances being destitute of the Supplies 
& Supports w'^'' they used to have & the above allowance being but 
Small they Humbly Pray that their Circumstances may be Considered 
That an allowance may be made to the said Deborah for the Doctors 
Bill & Funeral Expen^ of her Said Husband & the said Hannah some 
Consideration for the forwardness & Service of her Said Husband & 
to Each of them Something for the Service of their Said Husbands 
as Mariners and an allowance for their Said Arms which they are 
Ready to Return or at Least Liberty to dispose of them (tho' that 
would be troublesome & not answer the End of your Petitioners pres- 
ent necessities) and they Shall as in duty bound Ever pray &c 

Deborah Tucker ) wrote by 
Hannah Kenniston ) their desire 

P. N : H : 

In Council May 7*'' 1746 read & Sent down to the Honble the 
Council Theodore Atkinson, Se''^ 

alow"^ to Deborah Tucker : 3. 0-0 

This may Certifie That the within Named Lewis Tucker & John 
Kenniston Serv'^ as Soldiers & Seamen As within Express'^ under my 
Comand John Furnell 


[Petition of Richard York, of Exeter, Louisbourg soldier. Stated 
that he was taken sick and sent home. He was allowed jCS- — Ed.] 


[Petition of Jonathan Partridge, Ship-wright, of Portsmouth, Louis- 
bourg soldier. He was allowed ^^3- 2. 6. — Ed.] 



[Petition of Ensign Christopher Huntress, of Newington, Louis- 
bourg soldier. Asked an allowance for sickness, &c., and received 
£2. o. 6. —Ed.] 


[Petition of Lieutenant Edzvat'd Brooks, of Portsmonth, of the Sloop 
Abigail, Louisbourg Expedition^ 

To His Excellency — Benning Wentworth Esq"" Cap* General Gov- 
ernpr & Commander in Chief in & Over His Majesty's Province of 
New Hampshire The Hon^^^ His Majesty's Council & House of 
Representatives for Said Province in General Assembly Conven'd 
Feb 21* 1745 — 

The Humble Petition of Edward Brooks of Portsmouth in Said 
Province Mariner Shews 

That your petitioner went in the Late Expedition Against Louis- 
bourg as the first Lieu* on Board the Sloop Abigail under Cap* Fur- 
nald, & an Ensign when on Shoar, for which Offices the Cap* General 
was pleased to give Your Petitioner Distinct Commissions, whose Am- 
bition it was to Act Worthy of them, & to Demonstrate that they 
were not 111 bestow'd — 

That your Petitioner fir'd with Zeal for the Success of this Grand 
Enterprize, Exerted himself with all Possible Diligence, & Animated 
others to the utmost of his Influence, with good Success and Consid- 
erable Service for the General Good of the Cause, as is well known 
to all who had any part in the Action. 

That your Petitioner had the Charge of one Battery & another dur- 
ing the whole time of the Siege, where he was greatly Expos'd to the 
fire of the Enemy, & the Cold Damps of the Trenches. And was one 
among those who Propos'd to take the Island Battery every time they 
proposd it And Particularly in the last Attempt had the Command 
of those who Ingag'd in that Affair, & may without Vanity Presume 
to Say that had those who were not in Command, perform'd their 
part as well as your Petitioner, they had undoubtedly (at least in all 
Humane Probability) Succeeded in the Attempt 

That after the Place was taken your Petitioner went to France with 
Prisoners a troublesome fatiguing Voyage & was long detaind There 
without Liberty of going on Shoar, in which as well as in other parts 
of this Campaign, Your Petitioner Endurd much hardship, which laid 
the foundation of that Sickness of which he had like to have Died, & 
which cost him near twenty pounds Sterling in London — That your 


Petitioner Conceives the Success of this Expedition was in a Great 
Measure (under the Divine Providence) Owing to the Bravery & Cour- 
age of the Men Ingagd in it, and Nothing more Intimidated the En- 
emy, than that Bold Attempt on the Island Battery, & the Intrepid 
behaviour of the Soldiers there and that Such who thus behave Claim 
of Justice a proportionable Reward and that the Public Good will be 
thereby promoted this Hon^'^ Court need not be told — 

Wherefore Your Petitioner Prays that he may be allowd a Quantum 
Meruit for his Extraordinary Services in this Expedition, that the 
Charges of his Sickness aforesaid may be defray'd & not Sufferd to 
lye on him, and that Such Rewards & Compensations may be made 
him as in your Wisdom & Goodness you shall think meet & he shall 
as in Duty bound Ever Pray &c — Edw'^ Brooks 

In Council ffebry the 21 1745 read & reccomend — 

Theod"" Atkinson SC^ 

In Council May y^^ 1746 read again & Sent -Down 

Theod'' Atkinson Se"^ 

[3-180] \Lo2iisbiirg Expedition Account^ 

1745 Province of New Hampshire to Sundry Persons D"" 

To Jonath" Partridge for 16 Days work at the^ 
time of Siege Against Louisbourg &c Graving I Jon Partridge 
ferry Boats Making Bottoms for Mortors Mend- y ^Q 
ing Gins & Laying Platforms for Guns &c @ J 
I Grind Stone Press'd for Service of Grand Battery 
To Edw'^ Pendexter Jun*" for 10 Days Ditto on Ditto Edward 

To Shad'^ Waymouth for 10 D°- D°- Shadrack wamouth 
To Nath^ Meserve Jun"- 6 D"- D"- Nath^ Meserve Jun"" 
To W" Walden 10 D° - D"- 
this work wos all Don By theas men I kno of nothing thay Reseved 
for Satisfaxion for the Same 

18 me Nathaniel Meserve 


[Petition of Samuel Blake, of Kensington, whose son Samuel was 
in the Louisbourg Expedition. — Ed.] 



[Petition of Eleazer Bickford, Cooper, of Durham, Louisbourg 
soldier. Stated that he was taken ill, and wanted an allowance. He 
was allowed £,2. — Ed.] 

[3-183] [Thomas Millet, relative to Sloop Abigail, 1746.] 

Where as the Sloop Abigail whereof I am owner is now Stoped in 
the Port of Piscataqiia by order of the Governour in order if wanted 
to be Imployd in the Service of the s'' Governm' of New Hamp"" & 
She being Laden & wanting Simd^'^ Stores for any Voyage I have 
under these Circumstances obtained his Excelencys Lycence that this 
Sloop may Proceed to Boston with Intent to fit her there & I now 
Promise & Engage that the ■s>^ Vessell Shall returne to this Port again 
as Soon as the Nature of the Voyage will Permit the Danger of the 
Seas Excepted March the 9^'^ 1 746 — 

Tho^ Millet 


\_Petition of Lieiitejiant Jonathan Oilman, of Keeneboroiigh, Loiiis- 

bo7irg Soldier ?[ 

To his Excellency Benning Wentworth Esq'' Governor & Commander 
in Chief in and over his Majestys Province of New Hampshire To 
the Hon^'^ his Majesty's Council and house of Representatives 
Convened in General Assembly — 

Humbly Sheweth Jonathan Gilman of Keenborough in the Prov- 
ince aforesaid Gent — That in the Month of February 1 744 he En- 
listed himself into the Company of Volunteers under the Command 
of Cap' Ezekiel Gilman and Proceeded with him in the Expedition 
against Cape Breton as far as Canso in the Station of a Common 
Souldier, at which place General Pepperrell on the fifteenth day of 
April 1745, was Pleas'd to Give your Petitioner a Commission for a 
Lieutenant of a Company of Marines under the Command of Cap* 
Abraham Trefithen and Obediently Served as Such Dureing the 
remainder of the Expedition For which Service Your Petitioner 
Humbly hopes and Desires that Your Excellency and hon''^ will be 
pleas'd in Your Great wisdom and Goodness to Allow him to have 
and receive of the Treasurer of this Province the Same wages That 
other Lieutenants in the Expedition had from the afores'^ fifteenth 


day of April — Your Petitioner having as Yet received Nothing but 
Common Souldiers pay — Jonathan Oilman 

Dated April S'^^ 1746. 

In Council May y^ 6 1746 read & Sent down to the House 

Theodore Atkinson Se*^ 
Aug:' 2^ Dismiss'd D Peirce Clk 

\_Petition of TabitJia Cass, Widow of a Loiiisbourg Soldier, 1746.] 

To his Excellency Benning Went worth Esq*" Governour And Com- 
mander in Chief in and Over his Majestys Province of New Hamps^ 
in New England The Hon^^*^ His Majestys Council And House of 
Representatives in Oeneral Assembly Conven'd May 6''' 1746 — 
Humbly Shews Tabitha Cass of the Parish of Kensington in Prov- 
ince aforesaid Widow & Relict of Jonathan Cass Late Deceas'd That 
your Petitioner's Husband was a Voluntierin the Pay of this Province 
in the Expedition for the Reduction of Louisbourgh Where the Hard- 
ships and Difficulties he met with so Destroyed his Health that when 
he Return'd the Last of August past he was obliged to be Carryed 
from the Vessell to his House being unable to walk himself and so 
Remained Sick and under the Doctors hands till the 13"^ of Sep"" 
when he Died, That Your Petitioner was obliged to Expend a Great 
Deal in the time of his Sickness for Necessarys for him. Besides 
the Doctors Bill herewith Sent, That Your Petitioner is in Low Cir- 
cumstances and has a Large family of Children to maintain. I there- 
fore Rely on the Goodness of Your Excellency and Honours to Grant 
me allowance of the Doctors Bill and for Such allowance for Neces- 
sarys and funeral Charges & Such like Expended As in your Great 
Wisdom & Goodness you shall think the Circumstances Require and 
your Petitioner as in I3uty Bound shall ever Pray &c : 

Tabitha Cass 
Docf= bill allowed & paid May 1 2 1 746 

In Council read & Sent Down Theodore Atkinson Se"^ 

allow^i 5„ o„ o — 


[Petition of Abigail Thomas, widow of John Thomas, a soldier in 
the Louisbourg expedition, in Captain Sherburne's company. She 
was allowed £,2. o. o. — Ed.] 



[Petition of John Hicks, Louisboiirg soldier. He was taken sick 
and discharged in consequence. His doctor's bill, amounting to j[,2. 
10. o. was paid. — Ed.] 


[Petition of Samuel Kenniston, who stated that his son Samuel 
was in the Louisbourg expedition under Captain Furnald, and that 
he, Samuel, Sr., served also as a sailor, — Ed.] 


[Petition of Philip Johnson, Louisbourg soldier, discharged and 
sent home sick. Allowed £,2. 10. o. — Ed.] 


[James Wood's Petition, 7'elative to Cai'e of Sick Soldiers at Louis- 


Province of New-Hampshire. 
To His ExceRy Benning Wentworth Esq' Cap* Gen^ & Gov'' in Chief 

The Hon''^^ The Council & House of Representatives in Gen' Court 

Assembled The 6''' Day of May 1746. 

The Petition of James Wood, Humbly Sheweth, 

That yo'' Petitioner having served His Majesty in the Capacity of 
a Surgeon to the Regiment Commanded by Col° Samuel Moore, In 
the Late Expedition against Cape Breton, and Continued in said 
Service untill the beginning of April last, at which Time Yo'' Pef 
was sent Home with the Care of Several Sick Men. And Whereas 
Dbct' Joseph Pierce Chief Surgeon to s"^ Regiment return'd Home in 
December last, Yo'' Pet"^ from that Time, untill the middle of March 
had the Sole Care of the Men belonging to the afores'^ Regim' on Ac- 
count of Docf Alexand"" Clark's being sick during s^ Time, who was 
appointed Chief Surgeon in the Room of the afores^ Docf Pierce, 
But by reason of the Great Numbers that were Sick, together with 
the Extream Cold Season ; Yo*" Pef underwent very great Hardships 
& Fatigue. Therefore, Most Humbly Prays Yo'' Excell>' & Hon"^^ 
would be pleas'd to take the same into Consideration, and Grant unto 


Yo"" Pef such an Allowance over and above his Stated Pay for s*^ 
Extraordinary Services, as in Yo"" Great Wisdom shall seem meet. 
And Yo"" Petitioner as in Duty bound shall Ever pray &c. 

Ja : Wood 
In Council May lo"' read & ordred to be Sent Down 

Theod"" Atkinson Se"^ 
[He was allowed j£^. — Ed.] 


\Petition from Mary, Widow of Jeremiah Mars ton, zvJio zuas Killed 

at Loiiisbourg.^ 

Province of ) To his Excellency Bennin Wintworth Esq Gov- 
New Hampshier \ erner and Commander In Cheif in and over his ma- 
jesty es Province of New Hampshier in New England and to the 
Honourable the Councel and house of Representitives In General 
Assembly Convened Novem'^'^ 20''^ 1745 

The Humble Pitition of Mary Marston wido Releit of Jeremiah 
Marston of Hampton in Said Province Deceased Most Humbly Shew- 
eth that the husband of your Pititioner the Said Jeremiah Marston 
Did go Vollinteer in the Expedition against Louisbourg — and Did 
find him Self a gun — and that the husband of your Pititioner the 
Said Jeremiah Marston was Killed a fighting with the french and In- 
dians in the woods at Some Distance from the City of Louisbourg 
and that there his gun was Lost 

Your Pititioner Humbly Prays that your Excellency and Honours 
would take this Pitition in to Consideration and order that the Said 
gun May be Paid for : as In your grate wisdom shall seem meet — 
and your Pititioner as in Duty bound shall Ever Pray 

Mary Marston 

And as the Said Jeremiah Marston had of the Province a sword & 
hatchit Cartouch-Box and snapsack which were all Lost at the Same 
time when he was Killed a fighting as afore said your Pititioner 
Humbly Prays your Excellency and Honours that the Pay for them 
may not be Charged to his account out of his wages 

Mary Marston 

In Council May 7"' 1746 read St Sent down to the House 

Allowed ^3„ o'' o'' Theod"" Atkinson Se'">' 


[3~I9S] {Petition of Benjamin Keimning^ of Exeter, Soldier.'] 

To His Excellency Benning Wentworth Esq"" Cap* General Governor 
& Commander in Chief in & Over His Majesty's Province of New 
Hampshire The Hon^'^ His Majesty's Council & House of Repre- 
sentatives for Said Province in Gen' Assembly Convened May 7"^ 
1746 — 

The Humble Petition of Benjamin Kemming of Exeter in the 
Province afores^ Shews 

That your Petitioner was one of the Soldiers in the Late Expedi- 
tion against Louisbourg in the Company of Cap* Trueworthy Dudley 
& did his duty there till about Six weeks before he came home (which 
was Sometime in October) when he was taken Sick with the Distem- 
per then prevailing there & came home Sick & Continud So for more 
than two Months time after he came home all which was attended 
with great Expence & Charges to Your Petitioner as well as Loss of 
time — and farther thro' his Incapacity to Look after his things by 
his Said Sickness Before he got home he lost his gun which Some 
Illminded Person Clandestinely took from him — Wherefore he hum- 
bly Prays that You would Consider his Case & make him Such an 
Allowance to defray the Charges afores*^ & the Loss Occasioned by 
the afores'^ visitation of Providence as in your great Wisdom & Good- 
ness you Shall think proper and Your Petitioner as in Duty Bound 
Shall Ever Pray &c — Benjamin kimein 

In Council read & Sent down to the House 
May 7"^ 1746 Theod^ Atkinson Se^ 

Allow^ 50/ for Sickness 
40/ for Gunn 

£4- 10- o 

[3-196] {Petition of Joseph Rawlins, Lonisbourg Soldier.] 

To the Honr^' Hous of representives of this province of new hampsher 


Whereas I was in the Late Expidition against Cap briton and in 
order to subdu the Eneimis of our king and cuntery and bring them 
in obedence to his magesty the first day of may Last as we Sayled 
into caprous bay we saw a numbr of our Enemis Com down to the 
water Side to molist us or keep us from Landing we got ashore as 
quick as we could I carred my owen gon and a pistil from hom with 



me and at the time of Landing the bushes being thick I Lorst a 
pistill value four pound at our first Landing which I pray you to con- 
sider and alow me what you think fit for S"^ pistill and fourther pray 
you to consider and allow me Somthing If you Se fit for the pain and 
Loss of time which I have sastaind by a wound I Res"^ the 7'^ of June 
Last past which your petishiner as in Dutey bound Shall Ever pray 

Joseph Rawlins 

In Council May 7"' 1746 read & Sent down 

Theod"" Atkinson Se*^ 

Allow'' I. 10. o 


[Petition of Edward Hopkins, of Portsmouth, Louisbourg soldier, 
for further allowance. — Ed.] 

\_Major Gilman Lost his Coat at Louisbourg?^ 

May y^ (f" 1746 
Gentelman this is to put you in mind of y^ Loss I mat with att 
Lousborg by having my Coat blown away in y^ barel of pouder, hoping 
that you will Consider me who am your humbel servent 

Ezek" Gilman 
allow^ 5. o. o 


[Petition of Abraham Morgan, of Stratham, states that his brother, 
John Morgan, of Kingston, was in the Louisbourg Expedition ; came 
home and died. — Ed.] 


^Petition of Liejitenant Erjckicl Pitman, of Portsino?it/i, Lonislwurg 


To His Excellency Benning Went worth. Esq"" Captain General & Gov- 
ernor in Cheif in & over His Majcstys Province of New Hampshire 
& to the Hon''''' His Majcstys Council for Said Province & House 
of Representatives now Conven'd in General Assembly — 
Humbly Sheweth Ezekiel Pittman of Portsmouth in the Province 

of New Hampshire, That he listed in His Majcstys Service as Second 


Leiu' under Cap' John Mason & went on the Expedition ag' Louis- 
burgh. That after the first Leiu' M"" John Hart Come home he Acted 
the Space of a fortnight as first Leiu* and that after Cap' Mason went 
to France which was ab' y^ 20"* of July he had the whole Charge & 
Care of the Company as Captain & having no Officers under him for 
the Space of Three months, was Obliged to Do threeble Duty which 
greatly Exposed your Petitioner So that he was grievously Afflicted 
with the Distemper Raging in the place & thereby forced to Come 
home. That after your Petitioner Came home he was Confined By 
reason of Said Sickness the Space of a month & is not yet thoroughly 
Recovered. That your Petitioner has been paid Off only as a Second 
Leiu' at 40/ ^ month 

Wherefore Your Petitioner humbly prays the Consideration of your 
Excellency & Hon""* that he may have a reasonable Augmentation of 
his Wages for his Extraordinary Service & a proper allowance for 
Loss of time & Charge of Doctors & Your Petitioner Shall ever pray 
as in Duty Bound — Ezekiel Pitman 

In Council May 15'^ 1746 read & ordred to be Sent Down to y* 
House Theod'' Atkinson Sc^ 

alow*^ 2. o. o 

[3-200] \_Jolin Goffes Account and Memorial, 1746.] 

Dec'"'' iS''^ wated till y^ 23 at which time I Rec"^ His Exel"^ orders for 
Inlisting 20 Efective men which I did and at the Same time 
cared up the ammunition 

Feb^ lo''^ came down accordin to his Exel^* order to Give an accompt 
of my march and the 19'^ the assembly voted 10 men more 
to be added to my Scout and the Gove""^ Gave me an order 
to Inlist or Impress them and Carred up the ammunition 
for 30 men 

March 29'''came Down again to Give the Gov"'' an accompt of my 
marches at which time his Exel^^ Gave me orders to go 
Imeadatly to cantuerbury to Dismiss the men which I did 
by y" 5^*" of apriel 
to M'' James Jeffery for drawing my muster Rols 

To His Exelency Govener the Hon"'' the Counsel and House of Rep- 
estetive In Gen^^ Cort convened 

The Petion of John Goffe Humbley Shueth that your Petitioner 
has ben at a Grate charge as by the accompt above and prays that your 

^2- O 


Exel'^y and honrs would make him Som allowence and your Pett"'' as 
In Duty bound Shall Ever Pray 

may y^ 22"^ 1746 John Goffe 

To 4 Jorneys down to the Bank* by order 

Each jorney 10^ Extro'y charges — 

To carreing up ammunition for 20 men i - o - o 

To carreing up ammunition for 30 men 1-5-0 

A Compt f John Goffe 

Province of ) In the House of * Representatives May 23''^ 1746 
N Hampsh'' \ Voted — That Cap' Goffe be allow'd fifty Shillings in 
full of y^ above account to be pd out of y^ Money in y^ Treasury for 
y^ Defence of Government — D Peirce Clk 

In Council Eod'" Die read & Concurrd 

Theodore Atkinson Sec'^ 
Eod'" Die Assented to B Wentworth 


[Petition from Daniel Doe, of Durham, dated May 23, 1746. He 
stated that he was in the Louisbourg expedition under " Capt' John 
Furnel " ; was taken sick with a fever and sent home. He was al- 
lowed £2. 10. o. to pay his doctor's bill. — Ed] 


[Bill of " Nathanael Lang Junr, ferray man " for ferrying men to 
the fort at New Castle, dated June 2, 1746. Allowed £2- 3- 6., De- 
cember II, 1747. — Ed.] 


\Petitio7i of George Thompso7i, Louisbourg Soldier^ ivJio zvas subse- 
quently hnpressed, 1746.] 

To His Excellency Benning Wentworth Esq"" Cap' General Governor 
& Commander in Chief in & Over His Majestys Province of New 
Hampshire the Hon'^'*^ His Majestys Council cS: House of Represen- 
tatives for Said Province in General Assembly Convened — July 
i^' 1746 — 
Humbly Shews George Thompson of Portsmouth in Said Prov'^ 

Joiner That he was one of those Soldiers in the Late Expedition 

[* Strawberry Bank, Portsmouth.] 


against Louisbourg that made the Attack on the Island Battery in 
which he lost his Gun (tho' he fought the Fort with another which 
belonged to some other Person disabled) & was one of those who thro' 
the favour of Heaven got off without Personal Damage. — 

That he was Sent to france in one of the Transports & after his 
Arrival at Portsm" in England from france was pressd on Board His 
Majesty s Ship the Princess Royal (notwithstanding he had Commo- 
dore Warrens Protection) & then turn'd over to His Majestys Ship 
the Grand Turk a twenty Gun Ship in which he was Sent out upon 
a Cruise in which Ships he Servd about ten weeks & left the Ship he 
was last in at Lisbon d- at his Arrival at Boston was again pressd on 
Board Cap* Rouse where he Servd Eleven Weeks & then left him — 

That this Pressing from first to Last was Contrary to the Promises 
made to the Persons who went in the said Transports & Considering 
their Services & Sufferings therein was Cruel & hard usage and Es- 
pecially as your Petitioners Case was being Oblig'd to make his Escape 
at any Rate to Obtain his Liberty by which he lost his Clothing & all 
that he had Except the few Rags (& their usual Inhabitants) on his 
Back Wherefore he humbly Prays he may have the Compassion of 
this Hon''^'' Court that as his fortune in this Expedition has been So 
Peculiarly hard he may have Some farther allowance made him (hav- 
ing had only the Common Wages to the time he was put on Board 
the Transport) & that his Repeated Misfortunes may be Alleviated 
by Such a Recompence as in Your Great Wisdom &: Goodness You 
Shall think meet & your Petitioner as in duty Bound shall Ever 
pray &c Gorg Tomson 

In Council July 2^ 1746 — read & Sent Down 

Theod Atkinson Sd^ 

alow"^ £8. o. o 

[4-7] \_^Pctition of Lieutenant Ezekiel Wort hen of Kensington.'] 

To His Excellency Benning Wentworth Esq'' Cap' General & Com- 
mander in Chief in & Over His Majestys Province of New Hamp- 
shire the Hon'^'^ His Majestys Council & House of Representatives 
for Said Province in General Assembly Convened July 3'^'* 1746 — 

The Humble Petition of Ezekiel Worthan of Kensington in S*^ 
Prov : Gent. Shews — 

That he went to Louisbourg a Lieu* of Cap* Jonathan Prescut's 
Company under whom he Servd in that Office until his Decease But 


from the time of his being taken Sick &: afterward to the time of the 
Discharge of the said Company Your Petitioner did the Duty of a 
Cap* of Said Company whereby his care & Labour was greatly Increased 
and the difficulties of Duty much greater than they would have been 
had he been only a Lieu* under so good a Cap' as the said Prescut 
was — 

Wherefore your Petitioner Humbly Prays that as by the afores^ 
means a greater Burthen fell on him (as he did the duty & had the 
Care of a Captain to the Said Company (which was as large as any 
there) for the whole time afores*^) so he may be allowd the full pay of 
a Captain or the same which his Captain had. or was to have had if he 
had Livd and Your Petitioner as in duty Bound Shall ever Pray &c — 

Ezekiel Worthan 

In Council July 3"^ 1746 read & ordred to be Sent Down to the 
Hon^^^ House Theodore Atkinson Se"^ 

Province of ) In the House of Representatives August i** 1746 
N Hampsh ) Voted That the within Petition be dismissd 

D Peirce Clk 


[Petition of Daniel Bean, of Kingston, dated July 4, 1746. Stated 
that he was taken sick at Louisbourg and sent home ; wanted an al- 
lowance. — Ed.] 


[Memorial of Henry Marshall, Louisbourg soldier, who stated that 
he was charged for more equipments than he and his son, also a sol- 
dier, received. Allowed. — Ed.] 


[PettUofi relative to a Slave of Theodore Atkinson who zuas in the 
Louisbourg Expedition^ 

Prov : of ) To His P^xcelency Benning Went worth Esq Gover- 
New Hamp'' \ nour Sic"* To the Hon'^'^ his Maj*>' Council And to 


House of representatives for S^ Province in General Assembly Con- 
vened Humbly Shews — 

The Memorial of Theodore Atkinson That A Slave of his as a Vol- 
untier was in the first Embarkation ags' Louisbourg as a Soldier in 
Cap' Masons Company whose name in the Muster roll is John Glos- 
ter — That When the S'' Slave Enlisted your Petitioner Purchased A 
Gun at the Price of Twelve pounds old Ten"" for S"^ Gloster which he 
carryd with him and at the Attack of the Island battry his S'^ Gun 
was Shot to peices with a Cannon ball — that your Petitioner nor the 
the S^ Slave had any other gun given in the room thereof as was the 
case with many nor any allowence therefor wherefore he Prays the 
Consideration of this Hon^''^ Court in Premises 

Theodore Atkinson 
In Council July lo"' 1746 

read & ordred to be Sent Down to the House of Represent-'' 

Theod"" Atkinson Se'^y 

Allowed ;^3 : o : o 

[4-1 1] 

\Lo2iisbo7irg Soldiers Petition for an AUoivance for Rations not 
Received, July, 1746.] 

To His Excellency Benning Wentworth Esq"" Cap* General & Com- 
mander in Chief the Hon^^'^ His Majesty s Coun^ & Representatives 
for the Province of New Hampshire in General Assembly Con- 
vened July 1746 

The Humble Petition of Sundry Persons Soldiers in the Late Ex- 
pedition against Louisbourg Shews 

That the Great Labours & fatigues which your Petitioners (with 
others in the said Expedition) Endured are so well known that they 
would not Spend time here to Enumerate them But their Sufferings 
for want of the necessaries & Comforts of Life have not been so 
much Spoken of — 

That your Petitioners have kept an Account of the Days they had 
not their allowance which was Intended for them & the kind or Qual- 
ity of what was wanting an Account of which is hereunto Annexed 
and as Your Petitioners have done Penance for want of what this 
Hon'^'^ Court designd they should have & which they Expected to 
have had — 



Your Petitioners Humbly Pray that they may have a Suitable Con- 
sideration not only according to the value of those Deficiencies but 
Some Reasonable Compensation for their Sufferings for want thereof 
& which they think they have a just Claim to as Smart money — Or 
that they may be Considered in Such way & manner as in Your Great 
Wisdom & Goodness you shall think fit & Reasonable & Your Peti- 
tioners as in Duty Bound Shall ever Pray &c — 

John Dam 

Henry Sleeper 

George Huntris 

Samuel huntris 

George dam 

John Abot 

David Gardner 

Samuel Tobey 

N Hamp"" In Council July ii 1746 

read & ordred to be Sent Down to y^ 

[See next document. — Ed.] 

Edward Shurbne 
John Brewster 
George Perkins 
Mich" Whidden 
Peter Greley 
Benjaman lewes 
Joseph Ham 
Shadrick Wamuth 

Hon^'^ House 

Theodore Atkinson Sc^ 



\^List of Rations not Received. '\ 


The Names of Sundry of the Soldiers in the Late Expedition 
against Louisbourg with the Number of Days of their Back allow- 
ance — 

Number of days each 




Shadrach Weymoth 




Benjamin Lewes . 




James Nelson 




Joseph Ham 




John Dam 




George Huntress . 



Samuel Toby 



Joseph Downing . 


George Perkins 



David Decker 


Samuel Huntress . 




Henry Sleeper 




George Dam 




David Gardner 




Eliphalet Ring 

60 '\ 16 


Thomas Haley 




John Herd Hubbard 




John Grove . 




Michael Whidden 




John Brewster 




Edward Sherburne 




John Abbot 




Peter Greley 




But 5 Gallons of Molasses for Six men for the whole time & no 
Butter nor Susuar 


[4-13] \\Villiani Pre scot f s Petition. Louisbourg Soldier. '\ 

To His Excellency Benning Wentworth Esq'' Govornour and Com- 
mander in Chief in and over his Majesties Province of Newhamp- 
shire in New England and to His Majesties Council for Said 
Province & House of Representatives now Convened in General 

William Prescot humbly Sheweth — 
That he Inlisted into his Majesties under Cap* John Light and with 
him proceeded to Louisbourgh, and after Some time there was Seiz'd 
with the Severe Fevor that reigned at y'^ Place and after the Height 
of the Fevour abated, The Humor fell into his Leggs aud feet in 
Severe fevors Sores, that turnd to Mortification, whereby your Pe- 
titioner hath lost his Right Legg and two of his Toes of the Left 
foot whereby he is rendered incapable of Labouring for his Living — 
Your Petitioner humbly Prays yo'' Excellency & the Hon^'*^ Court 
to Commisserat his Circumstances and allow him Some Pension as 
your Exc"y and the Hon^'^ Court in yo*" Wisdom Shall See meet So 
prays your humble Petitioner 


July 29 1746 William + Prescot 


In Council July 29"' 1746 read & ord"^ to be Sent down to y* 
Hon^^^ House Theodore Atkinson Sc^ 

allowed ^30. o. o for loss of his leg &c in full & no future allow- 


[Petition relative to Nathaniel Lamson, of Exeter, Louisbourg 
soldier. — Ed.] 

[4-15] \_Petition of JoJin Griffith, Jr., Louisbourg^ 

To His Excellency Benning Wentworth Esq'' Governour and com- 
mander in Chief in and over his Maj"" Province of New Hamp- 
shire to the hon'^''^ his Majes*^ Council for Said province and house 
of Representatives now Convened in Generall Assembly — 

John Griffeth Jun"" humbly Sheweth — 
That your petitioner Served as Clerk in his Majestys Service at the 

Reduction of Louisbourg in Cap' Joseph Sherburns Company — and 


after Reducing the Said place your petitioner Endeavourd for a Dis- 
charge but could not obtain it but had leave of the commanding offi- 
cers there to come home to Transact some Affairs Relating to the 
company and to procure and bring Down Necessaries for them which 
as Soon as your petitioner had Done and Procured he Return'd to 
his Duty at Louisbourg again. 

Yet So it is your Petitioner is given to Understand that he is 
Struck out of the Muster Roll from the time he first came home 
altho he Did his duty In every respect as Sent : and return'd again 
as he was Oblidged — 

Your Petitioner humbly Prays your Excell^ And the hon'^''^ Court 
that he may be allow'd his full wages being allways in his Duty the 
whole" time. — And your petitioner as in Duty bound Shall Ever 
pray &c John Griffeth ]•■ 

July 30*'^ 1746 

In Council July 30"" 1746 read & ordred to be Sent down to the 
Hon'''^ House Theodore Atkinson Se"^ 

Dismissd : D Peirce Clk 


[Petition of Samuel Blake, of Kensington, whose son Samuel, a 
minor, was in the Louisbourg expedition. He stated that his son 
was taken sick, and that he hired a man to take his place. He wanted 
an allowance, and presented affidavits of " Mary Lilly & Hannah 
Clough," who nursed him. He was allowed £,2. 10. o. — Ed.] 


[Petition of Deborah, Widow of Nicholas Diuin, of Portsmouth, 
Killed at Lonisbotn-g.^ 

To His Excellency Penning Wentworth Esq' Governor & Commander 
in Cheif in & Over His Majestys Province of New Hampshire. To 
the Hon^^^ His Majestys Council for Said Province & the Hon^^^ 
House of Representatives in General Assembly Conveened July y^ 
31* 1746 

Humbly Shews Deborah Dunn widow Relict of Nicholas Dunn 
late of Portsmouth in Said Province Carpenter, that the Said Nicho- 
las her Late husband was a Voluntier in the Expedition against Lou- 
isburgh — That he was one of the Bold Adventurers in the Attack 
of the Island Battery where he was killed & his Gunn, hatchet Snap- 


sack, Cartooch Box & Cloaths all Lost to the value of Thirty Seven 
pounds four ShilP That Your Petitioner is a poor helpless widow & 
Nothing but her hands to gether Living, She therefore prays the 
Consideration of Your Excellency & Honours & humbly hopes for a 
Suitable Satisfaction for So great a Loss & Your Petitioner Shall ever 
pray as in Duty Bound — 


Deborah + Dunn 


Mem° of the things Lost viz' — 

9,, o,, o I Coat ... 5 

I Gunn . 

I Knapsack . 

I Cartooch Box 

I hatchet 

5 p"" hose 

3 p"" breeches . 

3 Jackets 

alow^ 15-0-0 

o„ io„ o I Shirt ... 2 — 

o,, 12,, o I p'' Silver buckles 

o„ i2„ o Cost . . . 3» io> 

4„ o,, o I hatt ... 2 — 


4 £37 ' 4' o 


{Petition ofJoJin Ladd relative to his Son, Jonathan Ladd, Lojiisboui'g 

Soldier. \ 

To His Excellency Benning Wentworth Esq"" Govornour and Com- 
mander in Chief in and over his Maj''^" Province of Newhampshire, 
in New England, And to His Maj'^^' Council for Said Province and 
House of Representatives Now Convened in General Assembly — 

John Lad humbly Sheweth — 
That his Son Jonathan Lad went to Louisbourg in his Maj'^*^^ Ser- 
vice in the Capacity of a Physitian and in his Return was taken Sick 
of the Distemper that Reign'd at Louisbourge, and was Landed at 
Portsmouth in a verry weak and low condition, not being capeable of 
going any farther, where your Petitioner was oblidged to be at Con- 
siderable charges Extraordinary while he Lived and after his Death 
for his Burial — 

Your Petitioner humbly Prays your PLxcelly and this Hon^'*^ Court 
for Some allowance towards the Charge and Expence that he has been 
at, as in Your Wisdomc Shall Seem meet — 

So prays your humble Petitioner &c^ — John Lad. 

August the 2^ 1 746 

In Council AugsUhe 2d 1746 read & Ordred to be Sent Down to 
y^ Hon'^''= House Theod' Atkinson Sc^' 

allowed £,^,, o,, o 



[Memorial of Thomas Card, of New Castle, Louisbourg soldier, for 
allowance for back rations. — Ed.] 

[4-20] ^Memorial of Spencer Colby, Loiusbourg Manner. ] 

To His Excellency Benning Went worth Esq"" Cap^ General Governor 
& Commander in Chief in & Over his Majesty's Province of New 
Hampshire the Hon^^^ His Majesty's Council & House of Repre- 
sentatives in General Assembly Convened August ii* 1746 — 
The Humble Petition of Spencer Coleby Mariner Shews That your 
Petitioner went in the Late Expedition to Louisbourge a Mariner on 
Board the Sloop Abigail Cap* Jn° Furnald Commander — and Soon 
after our Arrival there your Petitioner went on Shoar with leave of 
his Said Commander to Assist in working & fighting with the Cannon 
at the Batteries Your Petitioner having been before used to the Man- 
agem* of those Instruments of War and to the utmost of his power 
Servd in that Station at the first the third & Light House Batteris 
from the time afores"^ to the time of the Surrender of the City 

That as men Skilld in the Managem' & proper use of that part of 
the Artillery were but few Your Petitioner Apprehends that his Ser- 
vice in the Said Station was of much more Consequence & advantage 
to the Business then in hand, than that of a Mariner only & as he 
discharg'd his duty with Care & fidelity Humbly Conceives he his 
Services Claim a Greater Reward than a Mere Mariner — 

Wherefore he Humbly Prays that he may have an Additional Al- 
lowance in Consideration of his Said Services having had only Mari- 
ners Wages & he Shall as in duty Bound Ever pray &c — 

Spencer Colby 

Your Petitioner begs leave to add that thro' a Mistake in the pay- 
ment he has Receivd only twenty five ShilP per Month as will appear 
upon Examination Spencer Colby 

We the Subscribers Certify that we know that the above named 
Spencer Coleby was at the above named Batteries Assisting as a Gun- 
ner in which Art he had the Reputation of being Well Skilld in 
which Station he behaved very Well & was very Serviceable & Shew 
himself to be a Man of Skill Courage & Fidelity & we are humbly 


of Opinion that his Merit in the Said Expedition justly deserves a 
farther Consideration & Reward than that of a Mariner only 

Nathaniel Meserve Sam^ Moore 
Jn" Tufton Mason Edw'^ Brooks 

John Furnell James Whidden 

Zechariah Foss 
alow £s„ o„ o 


[Petition of Caleb Sanborn, of Hampton Falls, dated August 12, 
1746, who states that his apprentice, James Lowell, was at Louis- 
bourg, and came home sick. He was allowed ;^2. — Ed.] 


[Petition of Adjutant John Eyre, of Portsmouth, dated August 20, 
1746. He wanted an additional allowance, and also pay for recruiting 
men for the Cuba expedition in 1740. " Aug' 23"^ 1746 Voted Dis- 
miss'd." — Ed.] 

[4-24] {Certificate of Dr. Benjmnm Roivl\ 

In the year 1746 In June & July I Benj^ Row was Employd as a 
Physician for John the Son of Joshua Prescutt the next day upon 
his Return from Cape Breton he Came home 111 Contracted his Ill- 
ness I Imagine at Cape Breton and after Some time Removing the 
Disease from his Bowels it Settled in his hips and there Remaind 
while the fall and then it gatherd forward and formd it Self into an 
abcess i was again Consulted and did not Care to open it but advis'^ 
to Send for Docf Hale to advise with me and he Came and Insisted 
upon his being Carried to newbury and accordingly he was Carried 
over and there died — for what i did first In June & July i was payd 
out of the province Treasury and afterwards not applying anything 
only my advice the young man Being poor i askt him nothing for it 

Benjamin Row physician & Chirugeon 

Province of 

N Hampsh''/In the House of Representatives Aug' 12''^ 1746 
Whereas y^ following Persons Voluntiers in y*^ late Expedition 



against Louisbourg have Petitioned y® General Court for some Allow- 
ances in Consideration of their Losses Sickness &c Suffer'd in S^ 
Expedition as represented in their respective Petitions on File — 

Voted — That there be allow'd to S'^ Persons y*^ Sums as carried 
off to each Man's Name following Viz' 

> Portsmo 

To Phillip Johnson ^ 

John Hicks V Greenland 

Samuel Keniston j 

Weymouth Ham 

Timothy Cotton 

John Alcock 

Joseph Ham 

Samuel Frost 

Leader Nelson 

Shadrach Weymouth 

Hugh Montgummery 

George Tomson 

Ezek' Pitman 

Shubal Dearborn ^ 

Joseph Redman V Hampton 

John Sleeper j 

Joseph Rawlins Exeter 

Joshua Jackson Portsmo 

vSamuel Edgerly Exeter 

Tabitha Cass Kensington . 

Jonathan Patridge Portsmo . 

Nich^ Dunn's Widow Portsmo 

Era* Mason Stratham . 

Moses Le^vit's Widow Hampton 

Josiah Shaw Hampton 

Nath^ Moulton Hampton 

Dan' Doe Durham 

Eleaz"" Bickford Durham 

Sam^ Blake Kensington 

Abraham Morgan Stratham 

Lewis Tucker's Widow N Castle 

Rich'' York Exeter 

Henry Triffethen's Wid^^' N Castle 

Christo"' Huntress Newington 

Maj"" Ezekiel Gilman Exeter 

Michael Whidden Portsm" . 

David Decker Portsm° 

Geo Dam Newington . 


I - 












10 - 
10 - 

5 - 





10 - 

10 - 
10 - 


- 10 - 

10 - 
10 - 

- 10 - 

- o 




I - 


2 — 

s - 



lO - 


To Geo Huntress Portsmo 

Henry Sleeper Portsmo ..... 

Michael Martyn Portsm° 

Zach'' Foss Portsm° 

Benjamin Kimmings Exeter for Sickness & Gun 

Jeremiah Marston's Widow Hampton . 

John Tomas's Widow Kittery .... 

Benj Thomas of Hampton instead of a Pension 
for his arms being wounded on y^ Expedition 
ag* Louisbourg & to have no other Allowance 
for y^ future ....... 20 

Joseph Lamson Exeter in full for Doctors Bill &c 3 - 3 - 

Theod'' Atkinson Esq"" for Jo" Gloster's Gun . 3 

William Present of Epping in full for y^ Loss of 
his Legg at Louisbourg & to have no future 
Allowance ....... 30 

William Fullerton Brentwood in full for Nursing 

Doctoring &c . . . . . . . 6 - 5 - 

Cap* Jo" Ladd of Kingston for Expence of the 
Sickness & Funeral of his Son Doc'' Jonathan 
Ladd return'd Sick f"' Louisbourg five Pounds 

Tho^ Card of New Castle . . . 

Solomon Pinkum Dover in full for his Petition . 

Spencer Coleby ...... 

Israel Hodgsden Newington .... 

;^229 - 4 - 4| 

D Peirce Clk 
In Council August 22"^ 1746 — read & Concurrd 

Theodore Atkinson Se"^ 
Eod"' Die Assented to 

2 — 

10 - 

2 — 

10 - 

2 — 

10 - 


[Petition of Walter Warren, of Portsmouth, gunsmith, who asked 
pay for tools lost in the service at Louisbourg. He presented a bill 
as follows, and was allowed £2. i. 9, May 29, 1746. — Ed.] 

June Y*^ I"' 174s 
The Provience of Massachusetts Bay to Walter Warren D"" 

To I hamcr 7/ . £-„ 7 - 

To I D° 4/ - , 4 - 




5- - 


10 - 


12 - 


5 - 

2 6 

2 - 

To I hand-bill 25/ 

To a Instrument for making Tumblers 30/ 

To I Slite Saw 12/ . 

To I Three Square file 5/ . 

To I D° 2/6^ . 

To I Round file 2/ . . . , 

^4» 7.. 6 
we hose names are hereafter written do attest that the abov^'^ 
Warren was ordered by the Genneral peperiel with The Tooles a 
bovementiconed to assist in mending y* armes as an armerir and thet 
y^ tooles above s'^ belonging to y^ S"^ Warren was wore out and Lost 
in the Service of the provience afores^ 

At t \ Jo^^"^ -^^^^ armorer 

I Edmond Bemis armerr'' 

Suffolk ss Boston Octo^"" 14 1745 

Walter Warren appearing made Oath that the within Acco' is just 
& true & that the within tooles was used & delivered to the within 
named John Bell & that they were valued at the within prices being 
in the whole four pounds seven shillings & six pence old Tenor 

Jura coramm Habijah Savage J Pac 


[AtkiHsou to TJiomlinson, recommending Captain Joseph Sherburtie^ 

Portsmouth 13''' November 1746 
S"^ Cap* Joseph Sherburne who Incloses this together with Admi- 
ral Warrens & General Pepperrells Certificates of his good Behaviour, 
while at the Siege & in the City of Louisbourg, hoping your friend- 
ship may Obtain him some Reward for his Eminent Service done, he 
has desired me to Mention to you that it would be gratefull to Every 
body here could he Obtain a recompence from the Ordnance &c — 

He Intended to go for England but being so usefull a man is De- 
tained here on the Canada Expedition as Commander of one of our 
Armed Vessells & is now Bound to Annapolis to the assistance of 
that Garrison with a Company of the Canada Soldiers fitted out by 
this Government, I hope as the Admiral will be at home he will Easily 
get Something, I know he will Assist him as he knows how Advan- 
tagious his Services were 

I am Sir y"" Obliged hble Serv* 

Theodore Atkinson 
To John Thomlinson Esq' 



[4-30] [General PcpperrclPs Orders to Captain Sherburne.'] 

To Cap' Joseph Sherburne 

Seal I do hereby Authorize and require you to take upon you 

the Command of the Cannon at the Advanced Battery, and 

to Order and Direct Concerning them, as you shall Judge most for 

the Annoyance of the Enemy for which this Shall be your Sufficient 

Warrant and all Officers under me are to pay due regard hereto — 

Given under my hand & Seal at the Camp before Louisbourg the 
17'^ day of May 1745 — 

Copy W'" Pepperrell 

[4-30] [ Warren's and PepperrelT s Certificate?^ 

Whereas during the Siege of Louisbourg Captain Joseph Sherburne 
was a very Active Officer, & had the Command of the Artillery at 
one of the Batterys, & on the Surrender of the City, We thought fit 
to Constitute & Appoint the said Cap' Joseph Sherburne, Store keeper 
to his Majesties Office of Ordnance within the Garrison for the time 

These are therefore to Certify the Right Honourable, the Lieuten- 
ant General, and the rest of the Principal Officers of his Majesties 
Ordnance, that in Pursuance of such Appointments and Directions, 
the said Cap' Joseph Sherburne, Acted in the above-mentioned Capac- 
ities, & has so Continued to do to this time, with the Strictest Fidelity, 
Industry, & Care, and to our entire Satisfaction, And We beg Leave 
to recommend him to the Hon'"'*' Board of Ordnance to receive such a 
Recompence as to them Shall Seem good 

Louisbourg 31"' May 1746 P Warren 

Copy W'" Pepperrell 


[Petition of Richard Brewster, of Portsmouth, soldier in the Louis- 
bourg expedition. He stated that he was at the storming of the 
" Island Battery," where he lost his equipments, for which he asked 
pay and was allowed £,0. 16. 9. — Ed.] 


\_SJiirlcy to WentivortJi.\ 

[Belknap Papers, Vol. II., p. 243.] 

Boston, Sep' 13, 1746. 
Sir — I here inclose you copies of Mr. Mascarene's letters to 
me, the particulars of w'='* w**" the imminent clanger of Nova Scotia 
are confirm'd by other letters from officers of good judgm' there, and 
the acc^^ mention'd in my message to the Assembly, a copy of w*^'^ I 
also inclose with one of their answers to me to accompany Mr. War- 
ren's and my joint Letter to you, for your E:.:cellency's Information 
in the several steps I have taken, and design to take in this affair : I 
mention'd this matter to the Assembly not that I think, strictly con- 
sidering it, I wanted their consent to my sending part of the King's 
troops in this Province rais'd for the Expedition ag'^' Canada, for the 
protection of Nova Scotia ; But as I had before led the Assembly 
myself into an Expectation of sending all the Massachusetts levies 
upon the Expedition ag^' Crown Point (which they had set their hearts 
upon) and they had been at a very great Expence in the Bounty given 
by 'em for encouragement of men to Inlist, and afterwards in billet- 
ing 'em, and providing transports, upon the view of their being em- 
ployed in a different service, I thought it but reasonable and what 
would most likely prevent any obstructions in his Maj'^^ Service, to 
say to the Assembly what I did in my inclos'd message to 'em ; and 
you will perceive y* their answer is fram'd to avoid the charge of 
Transports and other vessels, and provisions, whilst the Troops shall 
be employ'd in this service ; w* they therefore affect to observe con- 
cerns his Maj*y^ Interest greatly, without mentioning their own, tho' 
most immediately and deeply concern'd in the fate of Nova Scotia : 
On the other hand indeed they take upon themselves several articles 
of expense in the Crown Point Expedition as what they look on more 
immediately the affair of the Colonies. As to my taking upon my- 
self the care of furnishing Transports and provisions for this service, 
I hope I shall be at no difficulty to find persons here, who will readily 
take my bills upon the Governm* at their own risque, as I should think 
you might in your Governm* if your own' Assembly would take that 
Expence upon 'em. Thus I have mention'd every thing I can think 
of in this affair necessary for your information as to what I have 
done in it, and propose to do ; and send you the inclos'd papers to 
make use of or not, as you shall judge most for his Majesty's service ; 
and it seems to me y* it never imported us more since our first entring 
into our respective Governm'^ to exert ourselves in any part of our 
duty y" it does in this. Your Excellency in particular as Governour 
of New Hampshire & Surveyor General of his Maj'>'^ Woods has a very 


great charge under y"" care, and I am firmly persuaded, your Zeal for 
his Maj^y^ service is equal to it. 

I take very kindly your Excellency's condolence upon the death of 
my wife, in whom I have lost a very dear companion and most valuable 
friend, and I think I may say as great a treasure of good qualities and 
happiness, as a woman can bring to her Husband. I hope I shall 
make a right use of this afflicting visitation of the Divine Providence 
to my family. Indeed it seems remarkable on occasion of Expedi- 
tions, I having in the beginning of that ag*' Cape Breton lost my 
daughter Bollan : whom I esteem'd a very valuable part of my fam- 
ily, and now in the beginning of this ag*' Canada, (w*^'* I believe I may 
have been something instrumental in by my letters to the ministry) 
the partner of my bed. 

As to yourself, Sir, I wish you an uninterrupted enjoy m* of the 
comforts of your family upon all occurrences of life being with much 
truth and respect 

Your Excellency's most Obed' Humble servant 

W. Shirley. 
His Exc^ Governour Wentworth. 

P. S. I am very uneasy ab^ the ace' brought by Capt Norton now 
with you of 31 sail of Topsail Vessels being seen standing towards 
the Cape Sable shoar, as we have no English vessell yet arrived here. 

[4~33] \P etition from Several Louisboiirg Soldiers.^ 

To his Plxcellency Penning Wentworth Esq'' Governour and Com- 
mander in Chief in And Over his Majestys Province of New 
Hamps" The Hon''^^ his Majestys Councill And House of Repre- 
sentatives in General Assembly Conven'd Nov"" the 25"' 1746 
Humbly Shew Your Petitioners 

That in the Reinforcement for Louisbourgh in Which we Went un- 
der the Command of Cap' Jonathan Prescutt We Each of Us Pro- 
vided Our Selves with a Gun at Our Own Expence And never Re- 
ceiv'd Any on the Province Account of Cap' Prescutt or the Com- 
mittee of Warr Or Any other Person Notwithstanding which when 
the Muster Roll was made up we were Each of Us thro' some Mis- 
take Charged with a Gun of fifty shillings price And the same has 
been Deducted Out of Our Wages And Tho' we have taken much 
pains to find Out the Mistake And have it Rectified Yet we Cannot 
Obtain it — We therefore Pray your Plxcellcncy & Honours that the 
affair may be Inquired into And that Justice may be Done us that we 


may not be Obliged to pay for Guns which we never Receiv'd And 
Your Petitioners As in Duty Bound Shall Ever pray &c : 
Bradbury Green Benjamin Tilton 

benamin Cram Nathan Rowe 

Joshua Gilman Daniel ward 

Hannah Moulton widow of Simon Moulton Deceas'd Humbly 
Shews That her said Husband was also in Cap' Prescutts Company 
in the Reinforcement And provided himself with a Gun : But is 
Charged with one as the above Petitioners are And therefore prays 
that her Case may be Considered And She Reliev'd with the Others 

Hannah Moulton 

Province of ) November y^ 21^' 1746 
New Hampshir j then Leu* Bradbury Green Sarg°' Benjamin 
Cram SarS"* Benjamin Tilton Sarg"' Joshua Gilman and Nathan Row 
personaly appearing made oath that when they went in y^ Reinforce- 
ment for Leuisburgh under Cap* Jon^ present thay neither of them 
Receiv^ a Gun on y*^ province Account of Cap* present or y® Com*^ 
of warr or any person whatsoever But provided themselves with Guns 
at their own Expence — Sworn Before me 

Ichabod Robie } Justice of peace 

province of ) November y'^ 24"' 1746 
New Hampshir ) then Daniel Ward personaly appearing made oath 
y* when he went in y^ Reinforcement for Luisburgh under Cap* 
Jonathan prescut he neither Recev^ a Gun on y*^ province accompt of 
Cap* prescut or y^ Com*^ of warr or any person whatsoever But pro- 
vided himself with a Gun on his own Expence Sworn Before me 

Ichabod Robie } Justice of peace 

Prov^ of New ) 
Hampshire ) In the House of Representatives 27*'^ May 1747 

Voted — That each of y*" within Petitioners be allow'd fifty ShilP 
in full Satisfaction for y^ within Petition to be pd out of y'^ money in 
y^ publick Treasury for ye Use of y^ Expedition ag* Louisbourg 

D Peirce Ck 
Eod'" Die In Council read & Concurrd 

Theod"" Atkinson Se"^ 

Eod"" Die Assented to B Wentworth 


[4-34] \^VVidoiv Sarah Jacksoiis Petition, 1747.] 

To His Excellency Benning Wentworth Esq"" Governor and Comman- 
der in Chief in & over his majestys Province of New Hampshire, 
The Honorable his Majestys Council and House of Representatives 
in General assembly conven'd the Second Day of December 1746 — 
The Memorial of Sarah Jackson of Portsmouth in the Province of 
New Hamp^ Widow most humbly shews That Your Memorialists 
husband Ebenezer Jackson was one of the Voluntiers in the Pay of 
this Province at the siege of Louisbourg That about a month before 
the surrender thereof to the English, her said husband receivd a 
Wound, of which he dyed in four or five days. That your memorial- 
ist has been Since bro't into very difficult circumstances and is at this 
time in Such Circumstances by reason of the Scarceness and dear- 
ness of Bread corn and firewood and of many other of the necessarys 
of Life, besides that She now has and for some time past has had a 
Sick child — Wherefore Your Memorialist prays your Excellency and 
Honours Consideration of the Premises — and that you will in your 
great Wisdom and Goodness grant her Some Relief — 

Sarah Jackson 

In Council Decem 3 1746 read & ordred to be Sent to the Hon''^^ 
House Theod Atkinson Se"^ 

Prov^ of New 1 

Hampsh"" j In the House of Representatives May 27'^ 1747 

Voted That this Petition be dismissed — D Peirce Ck 

[4-35] [King-'s Instructions to Governor Wentiuort/i, 1747.] 

His Majesties 66^^^ Instruction to Gov"" Wentworth 
66 And Whereas there is no Power given you by your Comission 
to Execute Martial Law in Time of Peace upon Soldiers in 
Pay Yet nevertheless it may be necessary that Some care be 
taken for the keeping of Good Discipline amongst those that 
his Maj*y may at Any Time think fit to Send into the S^ Prov- 
ince (which may Properly be Provided for by the Legislative 
Power of the Same) you are therefore to recomend unto the 
General Assembly of S^ Province that (if not already Don) 
they Prepare Such Act or Law for the Punishment of Mutiny 
Desertions & false Musters and for the Better Prcserveing of 


good Discipline amongst the s'^ Soldiers as may best answer 
those Ends — 

Copy Examined '^ Theodore Atkinson Sec''^' 

[Endorsed] Copy of His Majesty's 6&-^ Instruction to Gov. Went- 
worth delivered the Assembly Jan. 23, 1746-7. 

[See Vol. v., p. 857. — Ed.] 

[4-36] [Mark Htmking WentzvortJi s Bill.] 

1746 . Province of New Hampshire Dr 

To 2 padd Locks delivered the Governour 9/ . £ „ 18,, - 

32 Ash handspikes for use of Cumberland Fort 

2I6 . . . 4 - 

To use of my Store at Point Graves for Ordinance 
Stores out of Cap* Hammond from June 23^ 1 745 
to Septem"" 24"^ 1746 is 15 m° & i day @ 50/ . 37,, 12 - 

I C Bricks for forge at New Castle . . . ,, 12 - 

Portsmouth Decem"" ii"" 1746 — 
Errors Excepted for My Master M'' Mark Hs Wentworth 

■^ Joseph Langdon j"" 
Sworn before y^ House by Jos Langdon 

Prov^ of New ) 
Hampshire \ hi the House of Representatives 27*^ May 1747 
Voted — That there be allow'd ten Pounds ten Shillings & Six 
Pence in full of this Account to be pd out of y^ money in the pub- 
lick Treasury — D Peirce Reed"" 

May 30*'' 1 747 read & Concurrd Theod"" Atkinson Se''>' 

Consented to B Wentworth 

\_Lctter of Captain PJiineas Stevens to Governor Shirley. '\ 

[Belknap Papers, Vol. H., p. 244.] 

May it pleas your Excelency — I Rec'^ a Letter from the Secr'y 
Where in I am desired by the first opertunity to Lett your Excelency 
know what i Judge to be the Distance betwixt St. Francis in Cannada 
and Winnepesocket Ponds, and upon what point St. Francis Bares 


from s^ Ponds Winnipesocket Ponds I never saw and so am not Ca- 
pabel of making so good a judgment as otherwise I might have don. 
But according to the best Information I have had from the Indians I 
judge it to be near 200 Miles Distant from s"^ Ponds, and as for the 
point it bears I think it must be one or two points to the Westward 
of the North. But I am humbly of oppinion that those ponds are 
Quite out of the Rode that Leads to St. Francis 

I am your Excelency's most obedient Se^ 

Phineas Stevens. 
Rutland, Jan^ 27, 1746 [1747 N. S.] 

[Endorsed] Capt. Stephens Ace' of the Course & distance to St. 
Francis. 1 746. 

[Superscribed] P"or His Excelency William Shireley Esq"" in Boston 

[ William Johnson to Jo/in H. Lydias, Crozvn Point. ] 

[Belknap Papers, Vol. II., p. 245.] 

Mount Johnson January 26, 1746-7. 
Sir — By yours rec^ last night by Brant I find you intend shortly 
for Boston, and as I cannot have the pleasure of seeing you before 
you sett off, I wish you a prosperous Journey & safe return, two days 
ago I rec*^ a Letter from Mr. Clinton telling me the forwardness of 
the New England Troops & desiring me to prepare as many Indian 
Warriors as possible to assist our Forces in the Reduction of Crown 
Point which I heartily wish to see ; and should not make the least 
doubt of it , were our people so active as our neighbors the New Eng- 
landers, who daily sett us good examples had we the grace to follow 
it, I have now sent several of my officers among the upper nations 
to prepare them, but have fixed on no certain time fearing a disap- 
pointment. I have had the two next Castles Assembled yesterday, 
and do assure you that nothing could give me more pleasure than to 
see the willingness they shewed of Joining us whenever required, 
the sooner they say, the better, for they are almost in despair, or out 
of patience, so long waiting. I make not the least doubt of bringing 
as many in the field as will be sufficient for that Enterprise, I only 
wish our Forces were all so ready & willing. I am much hurry'd, so 
have only time to assure you of my best wishes for you, Mrs. Lydius 
&c. And am, Sir, your most humble serv' 

Wm. Johnson. 
To Mr. John 11. Lydius, at Albany. 

Copy exam"^ Pr. J. Willard, Sec^. 


\_Action of Massachusetts relative to Crown Point Expedition. '\ 
[Belknap Papers, Vol. II., p. 248.] 

May it please your Excellency 

The two Houses have before them your Excellency's Message of 
this Day, in which you are pleased to desire to know their sentiments 
respecting an attempt against Crown Point, which message they have 
maturely considered and deliberated upon. 

It appears by the advices which your Excellency has received and 
the Representations which have been made by Mr. Lydius, that the 
Troops rais'd in the Southern Governments are generally in good 
health and spirits, and that there is at this time an uncommon dispo- 
sition in the Indians of the Six Nations (who have heretofore been 
wavering) to engage against the French enemy, and it may be of very 
ill consequence if this disposition be not cultivated & Improved. 

A sufficient quantity of Provisions & stores for the Troops of this 
Province are now lying ready at Albany, where they have been trans- 
ported at Great Expence, and as the Forces raised in the several gov- 
ernments are not like to bedismiss'd, it makes but little difference either 
to his Majesty in their pay, or to the several governments in case they 
continue their subsistince, whether they proceed or are suffered to 
lye still ; — your Excellency will please to add to these considerations, 
That altho' the season is far advanced, yet Providence by continuing 
the great cold & Frost necessary for the undertaking, seem in this re- 
spect to favour & smile on us, and notwithstanding it has a very un- 
pleasant aspect that the Government of Connecticutt who have for- 
merly shown themselves ready & Zealous to forward his Majesty's 
service, should now discover a great backwardness to promote this 
design, so as to make their assistance doubtfull, yet upon the whole 
both Houses are of opinion that the Troops cannot be better improved 
than in the proposed attempt, which has a great prospect of advancing 
his Majesty's Interest, and is employing them in the Immediate ser- 
vice for which they were raised ; for if the Almighty should grant 
success, the Reduction of Canada, if it shall be his Majesty's pleasure 
to give his orders for an Expedition the next year, must be very much 

In the House of Repr''^ Feb. 6, 1746 — 
Ordered That Mr. Speaker, Mr. Welles, Mr. Sparhawk, Col. Choat 
& Col. Heath with such as the Hon''^^ Board shall appoint be a Com- 
mittee to wait upon his Excellency with the foregoing Message. 
Sent up for concurrence T. Hutchinson, Spk'" 


In Council Feb^ 6, 1746 — 
Read & Concurr'd, & Sir William Pepperall, Josiah Willard, Jacob 
Wendell, James Bowdoin & Andrew Oliver, Esqrs. are joined in the 
affair. J. Willard, Sec^ 

Copy Examin'd J. Willard, Sec^ 

[Indorsed] Com*^^ of both Houses of the Mass' Gov" answer to 
Gov"" Shirley's Message on the Expedition, ag^' Crown Point Fort — 
Feb. 6'^ 1746 — 

\_Shirley to Wentwort/i.] 
[Belknap Papers, Vol. II., p. 249.] 

Boston, Feb^ 7, 1 746 — 
Sir — By my last advices from Albany I find the condition of the 
Troops of the Southern Colonies now on Hudson's River as to their 
state of health & numbers & the strong disposition of the Indians 
of the Six Nations to join with us in the attempt against Crown Point 
& the Danger of utterly losing those nations & their falling off to the 
French (which will be of the most fatal consequence to all the North- 
ern English Colonies) to be such, that I am now fixed in my Resolu- 
tion to push forward this Enterprise with all imaginable diligence ; 
and as the Government of Connecticut have declined to join their 
Forces with ours, which will much lessen the number we expected, I 
must earnestly desire your Excellency to send forward to our Rendez- 
vous on Hudson's River as many of the Troops of your Governm* in 
his Maj*^"^ Pay as you can furnish out for this service (in case you have 
laid aside your design ag^' St. Francois) the Success of this P^nterprise 
being of the utmost Importance, I trust you will do every thing in 
your Power to promote it. You have herwith inclosed a Copy of Mr 
Johnson's Letter to Mr. Lydius & of the advice of our Assembly to 
me in this affair. 

I am. Sir, your Excellency's most obedient Humble Servant 

W. Shirley 
His Exc^ Benning Wentworth, Esq. 

\^Shirlcy to \'VentzvortJi.'\ 

Boston, Feb>' 8, 1746 — 
Sir — Before I had receiv'd these last advices from New York I 
was going to inclose to you the Resolve of the Governm* of Connecti- 


ciitt and Gov'' Law's Letter (w*^'^ indeed I now do) and to acquaint you 
thereupon y' I had lay'd aside the thoughts of making an attempt 
upon Crown Point ; but upon receiving the last advices, this affair 
has taken a new turn ; and I must own y* upon scanning every cir- 
cumstance of it, and all the probable Events I am clearly of opinion 
y' this Enterprise is the most adviseable scheme for his Maj'^* Service 
and the good of the Colonies, that can be attempted to be carryed 
into Execution at this juncture ; and I am perswaded, if the winter 
holds on according to the present prospect, we shall most probably 
succeed ; especially if we could be assisted with 500 men from your 
Excellency, in case of your not proceeding to St. Francois, even if it 
was to be attempted only by the Massachusetts and New Hampshire 

I inclose you Capt" Stephen's answer to me concerning the road to 
St. Francois &c. and I iind it is Col. Stoddard's and other Hampshire 
Gentlemen's opinions y* you will not find your way to St. Francois 
unless you proceed by way of Connecticut river. 

I am in haste, Sir, 
Your Excellency's most obedient Humble servant 

W. Shirley. 

\_S/i2r/ey to We/itwort/i.] 
[Belknap Papers, Vol. H., p. 250.] 

Boston February 9, 1 746 — 
Sir — I have this morning receiv'd advices from Lieutenant Gov- 
enour Mascarine, That Mons'' Ramsay who was posted at Menis with 
about 600 Canadeans & Indians, is upon the news of the arrival of 
our re-inforcement, retired from thence to Schiegnecto, and Col° No- 
ble with a Body of five hundred men consisting principally of some of 
those Troops I sent from hence (with the rem"" of yours) is now at 
Menis : But the Reports of the numbers of the Enemy (being repre- 
sented as much superiour to Col° Noble) makes him cautious of pursu- 
ing them without some further re-inforcement. I am inform'd that 
the Enemy will not be able to get off before April ; and I hope our 
Troops will be strong enough to hinder their Retreat 'till the English 
can have some further Strength from these Colonies. It appears to 
me by what advices I have had that if it had not been for the mis- 
fortune that happen'd to the Rhode Island Companies & to my last 
Company bound to Annapolis who were cast away at Mont Desert, 
and above one half of them drown'd & frozen, and the New Hamp- 


shire Company under Capt. Mitchell (instead of returning to Annap- 
olis from St. John's according to order) going back to New Hampshire, 
our Troops would have either entirely drove the French Forces into 
the woods where they must perish if they stay long, or have made 
them Prisoners of war ; and as your Excellency is sensible this is a 
matter of the utmost Importance to the safety of Nova Scotia, & for 
securing our Conquest of Cape Breton, and the season is advancing 
when the Navigation in those Parts will be much safer than it has 
been in the months past, I must earnestly desire your Excellency in 
case you find any difficulty of sending your Troops in the King's Pay 
to Crown Point or St. Francois, you would not fail of sending them 
as soon as they may be got ready to Annapolis Royal for this neces- 
sary Service : And I must urge this with the greater Importunity be- 
cause (having already upwards of seven hundred men in Nova Scotia) 
I am not able to spare a man more, the Remainder of our Troops 
being absolutely necessary to be employed for the Reduction of Crown 
Point, to which place I have given orders they should march with all 
possible Expedition. I shall also press the Government of Rhode 
Island to order the Companies raised in that Government (for the 
Expedition) to Annapolis. If we can make ourselves strong enough, 
I hope your soldiers will be detained but a short time on this service : 
However I shall continue the Massachusetts Troops there in hopes 
of a Reinforcement from you : And I must desire (which I hope I may 
rely upon) that at all Events whether you send any Troops to St. 
Francois or not, your Excellency will not fail to send to Annapolis at 
least that Company, which Cap*^ Mitchell by a very gross breach of his 
orders brought back to Portsmouth ; in which he seems to every per- 
son that has heard of it to have deserted his Duty in a bad manner. 
. . And I should think, tho' as your Excellency observes, the 
Blunder with regard to the French, snow is not to be remedied, yet 
as the other part of his and Captain Furneys misbehaviour may, by 
sending 'em to Annapolis again, that you will be of opinion it will be 
greatly for his Majesty's service in all respects (indeed it may be so 
beyond Expression with respect to giving a finishing stroke for the 
security of Nova Scotia by taking Monsieur Ramsay in the Toil we 
have now got him in, or perhaps securing that Province from the Dan- 
ger of a superiour Force in the Enemy) to send that Company at 
least and arm'd vessel to Annapolis forthwith — but I hope indeed 
you will not fail sending two or three Companies. I don't think your 
Excellency need regard the Expence of it as doubtless you may be 
very secure in finding Provisions and Transports at the Expence of 
the Crown for the Troops you send to Annapolis, which I do ; and 
you have a fine opportunity now put into your hand of employing 


your Troops most beneficially and acceptably to his Maj'>', and I in- 
treat you to consider of it thoroughly. Had I not been so ingaged 
as I am in the attempt against Crown Point before I had receiv'd 
these advices, I would have broke through every thing to have se- 
cur'd this Point in Nova Scotia. 

I desire to hear from your Excellency without fail by the return of 
the Post, and Am with the greatest Respect, 

Sir, Your Excellency's most Obedient Humble Servant 

W. Shirley. 
His Exc^ Benning Wentworth, Esq. 

P. S. Tho' the sooner your Troops arrive at Annapolis the better, 
yet if they get there by the second or beginning of the third week 
in March, it will do ; and the best way will be for 'em after just call- 
ing at Annapolis to go up the Bay of Fundy, and destroy the French 
shipping at Schiegnecto, w'^'^ may be done without hazard or Difficul- 
ty : and I will endeavour to cut off the Enemy's getting off by way 
of Vert (') by engaging Mr. Knowles to equip a proper force there. 
I once more entreat you not to fail, you are secure in doing any 
thing in this branch of the service at the expence of the Crown : It 
is of so great Importance to his Maj^^ and the Nation in general as 
well as to these Colonies. 

[ (') Vert Bay, or Green Bay, between Nova Scotia and New Bruns- 
wick on the northern coast ; longitude 63° 54' W. ; latitude 46° N 
— Ed.] 

\TJioi)ilinso7i to Atkinson. Copy ^ Snelling.~\ 

[Belknap Papers, Vol. I., p. 137.] 

London 24"^ Feb^ 17 46/ 7 
Theodore Atkinson Esq*" 

Sir — I am now to Acknowledge your favour of 1 3'*^ Nov"^ and 
sent your diary to M"" Jones & on y^ 19^^ Ins' he paid me £,172. 5. 6 
for your Acco' and it accordingly has Credit for the same 1 have sent 
M"" Sherbourns papers to the board of Ordnance but whether or no 
anything can be done for him I Cannot say. I Observe what you say 
on Government affairs and just as I apprehended it so it has hap- 
pened. His Majestys in Concill has agreed to have all the Acco'^ of 
the severall provinces of New England audited by the Lords Com""® 
for Trade and plantations and the Secretary of War in order to be 


provided for & paid this Session of Parliment & the Agents for the 
Massachusetts, Connecticut & Rhoad Island have laid their Acco*^ be- 
fore them and I suppose will soon be finish'd & paid at the same time 
how much like a fool I must look that has no Acc°' of any kind to 
shew so I Suppose the Consequence will be the other provinces will 
be paid & you Excluded or at least have to go thro' the whole trouble 
and Charge of anew selectation the next Session of Parliament and 
then not succeed and whose fault will it be for if I am not furnished 
with proper & necessary materials I may attend indeed with my fingers 
in my mouth but what can that avail I Can onl}^ be sorry for you & 
asham'd for myself I am sure I have given you Notice enough for 
this year past & told you all along v.'hat I feard would be the Conse- 
quence I am 

Sir Your Hum Serv' 

John Thomlinson 

\_S/iirhy to Wentzvorth.'\ 
[Belknap Papers, Vol. II., p. 251.] 

Boston, March 10, 1746 — 
Sir — I have but just time before the Post goes, to acknowledge the 
receipt of your Excellency's favour by the return of my Express ; and 
to inclose a copy of my last advices from Gov"" Mascarene, hoping y' 
I may depend upon your Excellency's complying with his proposal of 
your sparing the New Hampshire Brig now detain'd at Annapolis for 
want of anchors, and y' you will send anchors to her as soon as possi- 
ble, y' she may be employ'd in the service there together w''^ the de- 
tachment of Capt. Sherburne's men now there. This seems in your 
Excellencys power independent of every body ; and I shall despair 
of the security of Nova Scotia this Spring, if this assistance towards 
it is not granted, l^y my last Letter from Mr. Knowles, I find it is 
absolutely out of his power to send any vessell to Bay Verte in time, 
so y* I shall be under a necessity, I believe, of fitting out a sufficient 
strength by Sea from hence for that part of the Service, w'^'^ is a ma- 
terial one indeed ; and this I am absolutely determined to do, even at 
the Expence of the Crown (if it can't be done otherwise by me) pro- 
vided your PLxcellency will send your other Brig (I think it is) now at 
Piscataqua, to assist. If these two things are done without delay, 
tho' your Excellency should meet with difficulties in every other re- 
spect, we might possibly make a shift. 

I doubt not of finding merch'^ here to take your Excellency's publick 


bills for any sum you shall not be able to procure in your own 
GovernmS and hope you will not spare your assistance on acc^ of your 
being oblig'd to draw bills to defray the expense. 

I have not time to add more now y" y^ I am w''' great regard, 
Sir, Your Excellency's most obedient Humble Serv'' 

W. Shirley 

Bq pleas'd to let me hear from your Exc>' soon as you shall from 

Every thing depends upon dispatch, w'^'' if we don't use, we shall 
be too late. 
His Exc^ Gov"^ Wentworth. 


\_Major Thomas Davis, relative to Governs/lent Stores at Winnipe- 

saiikee Lake, i'/4y-] 

May Please your Excellency 

Rochester April i8''' 1747 

Pursuant to your orders I came here the 1 5"^ ins' — I have to the 
utmost endeavoured to discover the persons who had been to the 
Pond, and Loaded themselves there with Government's Stores, Being 
in the way & waiting for my men to come to me here, who are not 
yet got here, being but 9 of my own men and thirteen pressed With 
some that return'd from the Pond are found Possess^ of Kettles & 
Axes the Names of Sund*^ men enclos'd are those who have been at 
the Pond, Which I enclose your Excellency that they may be bro* to 
Justice, these are considirable of the number that Went to the Pond, 
but wanting in the whole — As I have no reason but to think your 
Excellency will take proper notice of it. It is my Opinion it would be 
most proper to call them to Acco' here, than to bring them out of a 
Frontier place ; I have the melancholy acco* of four men being killed 
at. Sanco & Dunston Tuesday and Wednesday Last — I think proper 
to Scout about Rochester 'till Monday when I hope to have more men 
to march with me to the Pond — Interim — With Duty — 
Your Excellencys 

Most Obed' 

& Most Humble Serv' 

Tho^ Davis 

P. S the Last men that came from the Pond heard the Discharge 
of 1 1 Guns Thursday Last I enquired and dont hear of any Hunter's 



being out — I Would Begg your Excellency to Let Col° Atkinson 
come to Examin these men 

Thom^ Hamock 
Stephen Berry 
Richard Wentworth 
John Hamock 
Peter Wallingford 
Solomon Tibbet's 
William Tibbets 
Benjamin Tibbet's 
Thomas Kenny 
Nathaniel Tibbets 
John Speering 
Stephen Tibbets 
Ephraim Berry 
James Place 
Jonathan Young 
John Place 

Jonathan Hodsdon 
Solomon Perkins 
Benjamin Perkins 
James Bussell 
Joseph Evens 
Paul Nute 
James Nute 
Spencer Allen 
Isaac Bussell 
Jonathan Twambley 
John Mills 
Noah Cross 
John Harden 
Peter Cook 
Abraham Cook 
Daniel Cook 

John Hodsdon 
Edw^ Burrough's 
Samuel Twambley 
John Leighton 
John Blagdon 
John Blagdon 
Stephen Harford 
Joshua Foss 
James Lock 
Ithamer Seavey 
Abraham Pearl 
Benj^ Richards 
Diamond Pearl 
Samuel Merry 
Benjamin Merry 

[The foregoing is the letter referred to in Vol. V., p. 490, as " not 
now to be found." See also p. 865, same volume. — Ed.] 

[4~39] \Soldicrs Petition for further Alloivance, 1747.] 

To His Excellency Benning Wentworth Esq Capt Gen" & Govern"" & 
Commander in Chief in & over his Majesties Prov : of New Hamps : 
in New England, And to the Hon^'^his Majesties Council & House 
of Representatives in Gen" Court Assembled — March y^ day, 1 747 
The Petition of the Subscribers (being Soldiers in the Service of 
the Government, under Cap* Daniel Ladd) Humbly Sheweth That 
Whereas your Petitioners haveing Served our Country as aboves'^ 
And have receiv'd pay, but not to our Contentment, there being as 
yet (in our Humble Opinion) Considerable due to us According to 
the Acts of this Hon'^''^ Court viz : Some wages, & some Billeting 
money or Rum money Therefore Wee Humbly pray that your Excel- 
lency & Hon""* would be pleasd to Consider of our Case & allow us 
our reasonable & Just Due of Wages & Billeting money according to 
our time of Service and According to the Acts of this Hon''^"^ Court, 
& So y"" Petitioners as in duty Bound Shall ever pray &c 

John Griffin was in the Service Three months Excepting 9 days 
Sick And as soon as I was able went Immediately to my duty again. 


& have receivd 12 : 4 : o Billeting money & 14 : 11 : 4 wages old 

Orlando Carter was in the Service Two months & Three days 
have received ^8 : 6s : od Billeting money & ;^I2 : lys : ood 
wages — old tenor 

Israel Clifford was in the Service three months, Excepting 9 days 
Sick and as soon as was able went Immediately to my Captain and 
Duty again I have Receved 12 : 12 : o old tenor Billiting money and 
no wages. John Griffin 

Orlando Carter 
Israel Clifford 


\P etition from the Wives of some Soldiers who were taken Prisoners 
from the Sloop Warren.^ 

To His Excellency Benning Wentworth Esq"" Captain General Gov- 
ernor & Commander in Chief in & Over His Majesty's Province 
of New Hampshire the Hon^^^ His Majesty's Council & House of 
Representatives for Said Province in General Assembly Convened 
Apr i^' 1747. 

The Humble Petition of Ann Brotton Sarah Tucker and Sarah 
Meserve Shews. 

That your Petitioners were very nearly Affected by and Concerned 
in the Loss of those Men Lately belonging to the Sloop Warren un- 
der the Command of Cap* Mitchell One having a Son & the other 
two their Husbands among the Captives — That your Petitioners 
Families (which are Chargeable) depended on their Respective Rela- 
tives aforesaid for their Subsistence and their Wages in the Service 
was the only Means of the Support of themselves & families — 

That they had been a Considerable time in the Service before they 
were taken for which the Wages Remains due and as it is Yet uncer- 
tain what is become of them whether living or dead and if living are 
in a State of "Captivity Occasion'd by their Entering into the Public 
Service it Seems to your Petitioners but just & Equal that their 
Wages Should be Continued till their Return Or if they are dead till 
there shall be certain News thereof, And as Your Petitioners families 
are in very Necessitous Circumstances They Humbly Pray that the 
Wages of their Said Respective Relatives may be paid to this time 
that they may be Continued in pay till their Return if living or till 
the News of their Death and in that Case that some Consideration 


may be had of the unhappy loss to your Petitioners & some Gratuity 
or allowance made to them on that Account — Or that you would 
Grant them Such Relief under their Afflictive Circumstances as in 
your Great Wisdom & Goodness you See Meet & your Petitioners as 
in Duty bound shall Ever Pray &c 

her mark 

Ann G Brauton 
Sarah Tucker 
Sarah Meserve 

[See next paper. — Ed.] 

[4-41] [Lieutenant Eliphalet Daniels, Sloop Warren.] 

To His Excellency Benning Went worth Esq"" Govornour and Com- 
mander in Chief, in and over his Majesties Province of Newhamp- 
shire in New England and to the Honour'''^ Council for Said Prov- 
ince & House of Representatives now Conven'd in General 
Assembly — 

Liu' Eliphalet Daniels humbly Sheweth — 

That he was in the Province Service under the Command of Cap' 
John Fernald in the Sloop Warren Sent to Annapolis in Nova Scotia 
last fall, and being on Duty at S' John River was commanded to take 
Some hands with him & go down y^ River to a Snow that came into 
Said River. Some time after them (or to See what She was) and 
in atempting the Same when the Boat came within faire musket Shot, 
the Said Snow fired Severl Volleys on them whereby your Suppliant 
was wounded in the Head with a Musket, and Several holes thro the 
Boat (Som of which they plug'd up with thowel Pins) the Boat being 
almost full of Water they got to the Snow and in getting into Said 
Vessell your Suppliant put his Right Shoulder out and tho' Several 
Surgeons has tryed to Set it, Yet it remains out to this day whereby 
your Supliant is rendered incapable of Subssisting himself, and also 
that he has been at great Expence in England 

Your humble Petitioner most humbly Prays yo*" Excellency & the 
Rest of the Hon^^'^ General Court, to consider him, and Something as 
yo"" Excellency & Hon""^ Shall See meet — and your Petitioner as in 
Duty bound .Shall Ever Pray &c 

May 28"^ 1747 Eliphalet Daniel 

In Council June 2'' 1747 — read & Sent down to the Hon''''' House 

Theodore Atkinson Se'"y 


j_4-42] [Petition of Samuel Drown, Woimded Soldier.^ 

Prov. of ) may y*^ 28"" 1747 

Newhamp"" \ To the Honorable House of Representatives Conven'd 
in General assemble — 

the humble Petition of Samuel Drowns Latly in y® Service of this 
province in that part of the Scout at Rochester (which was Sent from 
Durham) & then & there wounded by y^ Indian Enemy & now Ex- 
trem 111 at portsm° & being under Low Sircumstances Borth of 
Body & purse & being wounded in the province Service Beg you 
would make Some provision for me to prevent my Soff ering & for my 
Comfortable Sorport & in So Doing your humble petetion Shall ever 
pray ■ . Samuel Drown 

Prov^ of New ) 

Hampshire \ In the House of Representatives 28^^ may 1747 
Voted — That the Petitioner be taken Care of at the Expence of y^ 
Province til further order that Eleaz'' Russell Esq'' be of this House 
to join such as may be appointed by y'^ Honb'' Council to take proper 
& suitable Care of him 'til further order in y^ most frugal manner 
with Power to draw Money out of y^ Treasury to defray y^ Expence 
thereof to be accounted for to the General Assembly — 

D Peirce Clk 

In Council Eod™ Die read & Concurrd & Rich^ Wibird Esq added 
to the Comittee on the Part of the board — 

Theod"" Atkinson Sec'^y 

In Council Eodem Die Consented to B Wentworth 

[4-43] [Bill for Nursing Satmiel Droivn.'\ 

The Province of New hampshire Debtor To Elizabeth Drown for 
Nursing of Sam^ Drown in y^ year 1747 When he was wounded by 
the Enemy and Carred Down to Portsmouth twelve Weeks) and mary 
Drown attended him at the Same time and Place Eight weeks we Ex- 
pect the Common wags that Is allowed for nurssing 

Elizaeth drown 
Mary X Drown 

her mark 

Province of | 
Newhampshire \ May y^ 14*'^ 1748 Then The above said Elizabeth 
Drown and Mary Drown Made oath to the Truth of the above acompt 
by them sined Coram Sam^ Smith Jus* of Peacis 


Prov^ of New ) 

Hampshire j In the House of Represent* 19**^ May 1748 Voted 
That EHz'^ Drown be allow'd twenty ShilUngs & Mary Drown ten 
Shilhngs in full of y® within Account to be pd out of y^ money 
in y^ publick Treasury D Peirce Clk 

In Council May 25'*" 1748 read & Concurrd 

Theodore Atkinson Se"^ 

Eodem Die Consented to B Wentworth 


\Petition from Lieutenant John Flagg, of PortsvioutJi, Louisbourg 

Soldier, 1747.] 

To His Excellency Benning Wentworth Esquire Governour and Com- 
mander in Chief in and over His Majesty's Province of New 

The Honourable His Majesty's Council, And House of Represen- 
tatives in General Court convened June the first 1 747 : The Petition 
of John Flagg of Portsmouth in s"^ Province Gent" Humbly Sheweth, 
That in the late Expedition against Louisbourg your Petitioner 
originally went down to that Siege in the Capacity of a Lieutenant 
under the Command of the Honourable Coll° Samuel Moore, and in 
the Company whereof William Seaward was Captain, that your Peti- 
tioner did then and there faithfully perform, the dutys of his Office 
and abode there all the winter and till the Eighteenth day of June 
following on which day he returned home — That from The Eighteenth 
day of October the Care and charge of the men that remaind there 
belonging to the Companys of Cap* Seaward, Cap* Whidden & Cap* 
John Furnall, devolved upon him your Petitioner the aforementioned 
Officers leaving Louisbourg and returning home to New England ; 
That the Soldiers of the s^ Companys were on the Eighteenth day 
of October put under his care and continued so till the Eighteenth 
day of June following That your Petitioner did regulate them & Ex- 
ercise them as in the Capacity of a Captain during the Term afores** 
Your Petitioner therfore Humbly prays this Honourable Court to take 
the Premises under Consideration and allow him such wages as were 
allowed to officers in that Station from the lughteenth day of Octo- 
ber to the Eighteeenth day of June 1746 during which Term your 
Petitioner performed in the Station of chief Commander over the 


men remaining out of those three companys afore mentioned, And 
your Petitioner as in duty bound shall ever pray 

John Flagg 
Portsm" June i^' 1747 

In Council June 2^ 1747 read & ordred to be Sent down to the 
Hon"^ House — Theodore Atkinson Sec"^ 


[Petition of Charles Hight, of Portsmouth, sail-maker. He wanted 
pay for a gundelo which was impressed in the government service. 
It was referred to the committee of war. — Ed.] 


[Petition of Stephen Greenleaf and James Stoodly, " Late owners 
of the Sloop Speedwell," which was chartered to carry prisoners to 
France. They wanted an allowance for depreciation of the paper 
money with which they were paid. — Ed.] 

\Theodorc Atkinson to Thojnas Jo7ies.~\ 

[Belknap Papers, Vol, I., p. 138.] 

June s'^ 17 A7 
MJ Jones — '^Cap* Gaiton & one other Ship 

I have none of your ffavours Since 4*'' Decem 1745 which makes 
me Imagine my Diary for that year might fall into the Enemies 
hands tho' I Sent Duplycates but by the way of Boston & am uncer- 
tain what Ships they went in Least this Should have been the case 
I now Send you a Duplycate authenticated anew togeather with my 
Diary for last year youl See I have not finished for the year 1745 
Exactly at Lady Day but the year 1 746 Comences where that Leaves 
of So that I Imagine it will be no Objection tis Possible those I 
formerly Sent may be otherwise if So & you have rec"^ the money I 
must Loose the 3 Days Pray Let me hear from you as often as you 
receive my Diary at Least and as I now write for Goods to be Sent 
out I may want money in Cap* Thomlinsons hands therefore hope he 
will not be long without it Pray in your next Tell me how Coll 


Dunbar is I wrote him a long Letter under your Cover when I wrote 
you but Possibley that might find the way to france too if my Diary 
did — I am — 

P S Cap' Thomhnson advised me of the money you paid him on 
my Acco' — £ 172 : 5 : 6 

[Endorsed] Copy to W Tho' Jones 

\Atkinson to Thomlinson^ 
[Belknap Papers, Vol. I., p. 139.] 

Portsm" June 6 1746 — 
[Inserted in a different hand, "it should be 1747."] 

S"" I now Acknowledge your ffavour of the 24* ffeb"^ '^ Cap' Snel- 
ling and am Sorry our Pro'' gave you So just an occasion for Either 
the Comp' or reprimand in this I can Excuse my Self being Employd 
in the back of the Country to Search the woods build forts &c^ where 
I Spent almost the whole Winter at the head of the Canada Soldiers 
of which Expedition we are officers & men almost Tired haveing been 
in Suspence now one year & the only Letter in New England about 
that affair from the ministry was the 9"' of April 1746 the men not 
Permitted to Enter upon other business Least orders might arive & 
haveing rec'^ not one Penny of Waiges, & but ^^8 '^ man old Ten"" Bil- 
liting Except when upon Actual Service they had allowence their 
Constant Applycation is to me and I have Assisted them by Little & 
Little till they have Draind me of all my money &c^ that I have in the 
world So that really the Easiest & most Satisfactory Part of my 
Time has been when I was in the woods about Winipisseoce Pond 
tho' I Lodged every night upon 4 or 5 feet of Snow & every other 
Part of my Entertainm' Equivolent here I had no Duns for money 
& for that reason was Quite Content with Soldiers allowence when I 
could not get Bear or Beavour & what will become of us God knows 
I wish I was Prophet P^nough to Save my Self whole & have loooo 
times repented my being Perswaided into an Inlistment however tis 
now too Late & I must make the best on't the Indians from Canada 
are all around us from East to West in Small Parties & Harress us 
much & So I give you no further Trouble on Publick affairs as you 
have a Comittee to Correspond with you & Gov'' Wentworth I am 
Perswaided writes you at Large S"" I now Send you a mem" for Sund"^ 
things which I would have put up at the best rate & Sent this fall 
the most of them are to Set my Sister Shurtleff into Some Little 


business She haveing Lost her husband this Spring * Pray Let what 
ever you Ship for me be Insured that in Case of any Accedent I may 
not be a Looser — I now Send to M'' Jones my Diarys for 2 years Last 
Past as Supposeing those for 45 misscarryd I have wrote him Press- 
ingly to Pay the money to you as Soon as Possible Pray when you 
have Leizure Let me how Cap' Pikes affairs Stands with you the Leg- 
atees here being often with me on that head — as alsoe wither you 
have ever rec^ any thing of Macry on acco* of the notes I Sent you 
he was then Master of the Deptford Store Ship — I have one other 
favour to beg of you that you would Enquire into an arrearage that 
has been Long Due to me from the Custom House for Service as 
Collector here my Demand is as follows Viz — 
for 3 quarters Sallary Comenceing the 29"" of September 
1736 to the 25'^ June 1737 is 3 Quarters of a year at 

;^ioo Sterling is ^75 — 

The Customary Charges for Incidents those three Ou''' 
as "^ acco* Examined & allow"^ by the Survey"" Gen" & 
Sent to the Comissioners attested .... £,^'] — 
for my Sallary as above from the 8''' of may 1740 to the 

25 December following is 2 Q""* & 49 Days . , 62,, 8 - 

for the Customary Charges as "^ Acco* allow"^ &c'' as above 35,, 19 

-^220,, 7 - 
I am aware that it may be attended with Difficulty to obtain Some 
Part of this Viz the Incidents beecause those things are usually taken 
out of the Kings 3^^^ of fines & forfeitures here but as there was none 
in that Time in this Port I hope I may now be Indulged with an order 
on Some of the Collectors here that has an over Plus M'' ffranklin I 
know now has & I know would be glad of Such Orders as to my 
Sallary I know no objection in y^ way why I Should not have that 
Pray Expend Any Part of it in obtaining it & whatever you do will 
be agreeable to me — 

at the Bottom of the Inclosed mem° Is Some things for my own 
use which Send with the Mechandize Let it be Insured as above 
If M""* Osburnes old Silk gouns are not Shiped Pray Let them be Sent 
with these things tho' I have been So Long I cant Leaf off without 
recommending to your ffavour Thomas Brown the Eldest Son of our 
Minister who Served with Cap* Adams in your Employ — by his Car- 
rector he is worthy of your favour in Puting him abaft the Mast I 
know he has refused Preferrnc^^ here to Continue in your P^mploy & 

*M'' Shurtleff died in May 1747. [This memorandum is in a dif- 
ferent hand. — Ed.] 


I believe Cap' Adams will give you a good Carrector of him I am S"" 

P S. M"" Jaffrey & others here Complain much of your Haberdasher 
that his goods are Put up too Dear & not of the best Quallity I hope 
their Information will Prevent any over Charge — 

Sent '^ Cap' Gaston & Duplycate by Cap' Peirce in Cap' Bart — 

\Con7iectiait Resohitions relative to the Crozvn Point Expedition, 1747.] 

[Belknap Papers, Vol. II., p. 246.] 

Anno Regni Regis Georgii 2^'' 20™° 

At a General Assembly holden at New Haven in his Majesty's 
Colony of Connecticut in New England in America (by special order 
of his Honour the Governour) on Wednesday the 28''' Day of January 
annoq. Dom, 1746-7. 

This Court being called by special orders of the Governour of this 
Colony, His Honour was pleased to lay before the Court diverse Let- 
ters lately received from his Excellency Governour Shirley, the Re- 
solves of the Legislature of the Province Massachusetts Bay, as also the 
opinion of the Committee of the Council for the Colony of New York, 
with an extract of a Letter from his Excellency Governour Clinton 
relating to an Expedition proposed against the French Fort at Crown 
Point to be carryed on by the Forces lately raised in these American 
Governments by his Majesty's special order for an Expedition against 
the French Settlements in Canada, & Recommended the matters in 
said Letters & Resolves to the consideration of this Assembly at this 
time for which purpose he had now called them to meet. 

And thereupon this Assembly having taken into consideration the 
said affair and duly weighed the same. It appears to this Court : — 

That a Winter Champain will be attended with many & great Diffi- 
culties Hazards & Fatigues which will greatly dispirit & Dishearten 
the Troops & may make them uncapable of the services necessary to 
render success even probable, and that as the small pox has been & 
according to the best accounts that can be had still is among the 
Troops of the Western & Southern Colonics, so their joining with 
the New England Troops will most probably bring that Distemper 
into the whole army, and if so be likely to defeat the whole Design : 

That (this Government supposing this Expedition which was in 
agitation last Fall was wholly laid aside, and knew not but that it was 
until it was too late to carry Subsistence & other necessarys by water 
to Albany for the Troops raised in this Colony, have not carried the s'^ 


subsistence and necessaries to said place) It is now impracticable by 
Land Carriage at this Difficult Season within so short a time as is 
proposed and is necessary should be done in case of a procedure, to 
supply the Connecticutt Troops with such provisions and other neces- 
saries as they will certainly want over and above what they can be 
supplied with from the Massachusetts Stores according to a Resolve 
of the Legislature of that Government, which this Assembly grate- 
fully acknowledges. 

That it is very uncertain whether the western and Southern Colo- 
nies will join in this Expedition, for that the Governourof New York 
being by Committee of Council advised to assist in the affair on con- 
dition Connecticutt joins with the Massachusetts, but what assistance 
he can afford is uncertain, and inasmuch as that Committee signify 
their opinion to be that the undertaking is Hazardous and Difficult, 
seem only to advise Governour Clinton to assist that he or that Gov- 
ernment might not be left alone & be liable to Blame in case of a 

That there wants some general agreement & plan for conducting, 
governing & carrying on such an Expedition, and that in case such 
an attempt at this juncture and season and under the present situa- 
tion of affairs should so far weaken or destroy the Troops raised for 
the Expedition against Canada, that by them no assistance can be 
afforded in that Expedition the next Summer in case his Majesty 
should require them. This Colony are apprehensive they might incur 
his Majesty's Displeasure as well as be instrumental in preventing 
the Reduction of Canada. 

That under all circumstances success appears at least very doubt- 
full at this season, and in case the attempt should fail the ill & un- 
happy Consequences thereof are too well known & numerous to need 

Therefore this Assembly (who have his Majestys Interest really at 
heart & would exert themselves to the utmost in this important affair 
could not see it practicable and adviseable at this time) are of opinion 
tbat it is not Expedient to attempt at this Season to provide & 
Transport Subsistence and other necessaries for the Connecticutt 
Troops to go on an Expedition to Crown point, and do therefore for 
the present suspend proceeding therein. 

But inasmuch as it appears to be of very great importance to Re- 
duce or Demolish said Fort, This Assembly declare their readiness 
chearfully to exert themselves to the utmost of their powers for the 
Reduction or Demolition of that Fort, in conjunction with his Ma- 
jesty's other Governments, as soon as the season & other circum- 
stances will permit, and do thereupon Resolve that his Honour the 


Governour with advice of the Committee of Warr Appointed to assist 
him, be, and he is hereby impowered and desired, that in case the 
Troops raised in this Colony for the Expedition against Canada, by 
any proper orders be called or ordered forth into his Majesty's service 
against the French before the session of this Assembly in May next, 
to give orders to the Comissaries appointed by this Court to make 
provision for that Expedition to deliver the Stores now in their hands, 
and also to provide & furnish what further may be wanted for the said 
Troops Subsistance and other necessarys for such time as he shall be 
advised to, and to provide for the Transportation thereof according to 
such Directions as he shall by advice as aforesaid think proper to give. 
A true Copy of Record 

Teste, George Wyllys, Sec''>' 

\_Governor Law to Governor Shirley. Crozun Point Expedition^ 

[Belknap Papers, Vol. II., p. 247.] 

New haven, January 30*^ 1 746-7 
Sir — According to your desire I have called our Assembly together 
& laid before them several matters contained in the Expresses received 
from your Excellency respecting the proposed Expedition to Crown 
point & recommended the matters to their deliberate consideration ; 
— on which they came to a resolve, a copy whereof I have herewith 
inclosed by which your Excellency will better see the sense our As- 
sembly have of that matter than by any account I could otherwise 

Your Excellency will see of what Importance the Assemby judge 
the Reduction or Demolishing of that Fort is, & therefore tho they 
cannot see it advisable at this season to proceed ; yet they have made 
provision in case any Door shall be opened for that purpose. I must 
therefore (as I am greatly desirous that place may be wrested out of 
the hands of the French) earnestly desire your Excellency to acquaint 
me of it in case you should have any Intelligence relating to this 
Grand affair. I am with great respect 

Your Excellencys most obedient humble servant 

Jon*'' Law. 
His Excellency Governour Shirley. 

Copy Examind per J. Willard, Sec>'. 

[Endorsed] Gov. Law's Letter to Gov"" Shirley, 30''' Jan. 1746 — 


[Colonel Stoddard, concerning the "Sir Nations," 1747.] 

[Belknap Papers, Vol. II., p. 252.] 

Extract from Col° Stoddard's Letter to his Excellency Governour 
Shirley dated Northampton May 13"^ 1747 

I send you the Letters lately receiv'd from Albany, by which your 
Ex'cy will perceive that the six Nations are thoroughly engaged, and 
that most of them together with some others of their Allies are likely 
to join in our Service ; I think with your Excellency & the Council 
that the encouraging these Indians is a thing of great Importance. 

The several Governm*^ have been endeavouring for near three 
Years past to persuade those Tribes into War wherein they had not 
any Concern but to serve their Friends, and they seem generally got 
into it, and have left their hunting & other means of living, & ex- 
posed themselves & Families for our sakes, & can we expect they 
should fight for us, & devote themselves to that Service, & we suffer 
them to starve, or can we expect that they go a Warfare for us at 
their own Charge, or can we expect that Col° Johnson & M*" Lydius 
should pay the reckoning ; They have taken a great deal of Pains to 
get the Indians into the War, & have effected more than the Gov- 
ernm'' did in a Course of Years, & can it be thought that they should 
spend all their Substance in rewarding the Indians for their Service ; 
It will cost them about 6 or ;^7oo to fit out 100 Men for War (in 
York Money) as may be seen by Lydius Letter of March 26^^ And 
how many hundred will soon be out, & how many times they will go 
out this Summer, others can guess as well as I. 

To Let the Design drop now we have a hopeful Prospect of dis- 
tressing our Enemy would be fatal, for the Indians may well say, as 
they often suspected before hand, that our design was to get them 
into the War, & then leave them in the Lurch ; and then we should 
fail of their Assistance, and no wonder if they should reconcile them- 
selves to the french, which they would be glad of, & then take Part 
with the french against us ; for the Indians are of such a Humour 
that if we deal justly & kindly by them, they will put their Lives in 
our hands, but if we deal deceitfully with them, that will soon raise 
an Abhorrence of us : Col° Johnson & M"" Lydius are now under a 
Necessity of going forward & fitting out the Indians, so long as they 
have any substance remaining, & when that is gone the Affair will be 
at an End. 

Therefore I see no way but for the several Govern m'^ to send Sup- 
plies of Money or Goods to enable those Gentlemen to carry on the 
War ; I think it altogether just that the several Governm*^ do con- 
tribute towards the Charge, & doubt not but several of them would 


chearfully agree to it upon proper Application being made to them ; 
And 'tis probable that the Money so expended would do us twenty 
times as much Service, as what we have heretofore expended in the 
War. Were it in my Power I would send a thousand Pounds in our 
new Bills or in suitable Goods to those Gentlemen for their present 
Necessity, this would revive their drooping Spirits (whilst they are 
full of Expectations of being undone) & would greatly animate the 
Indians ; such Causes ought not to be Starved for want of a little 
Oyl to keep the Wheels in Motion. 

Examined "^ J Willard Secry 

\_Shirley to Wentworth, concernifig the " Six Natio7is.'''\ 

[Belknap Papers, Vol. II., p. 253.] 

Boston May 1 8"^ 1 747. — 
Sir, These are to inform your Excellency that by Dispatches I 
have received from Albany & Northampton, I find that the Indians 
of the Six Nations are generally spirited to go to War against the 
French of Canada, that divers Parties are now out & others daily 
offering themselves, which is a Point the Governments of New Eng- 
land (especially those of the Massachusetts & Connecticutt) have 
been labouring to carry ever since the first of the War, And if this 
Spirit be duly cherished & properly managed & directed, it may, by 
the blessing of God, prove of unspeakable Benefit for the Safety of 
these Colonies, I refer your Excellency to an Extract from Col'' Stod- 
dard's Letter* to me for a more particular Account of this Affair : 
Only I would observe that Col° Johnson & M'' Lidius whose Influence 
on the Indians has brought about this great Event, are under such 
Engagements as they are not able to fulfill without proper Supplies 
from these Governments ; And if for want of that the Indians should 
suffer any Disappointment, it is more than probable that they will be 
disgusted at their being left in the Lurch by us, & will fall intirely 
into the Interests of the P>ench, which will be more fatal to these 
Colonies, than anything that has yet befallen us. Now as there is 
no General Court in being in this Province, we can do Nothing at 
present for the furnishing these Gentlemen ; tho" Our General Court 
have intrusted M"" Lidius with this Affair, & have undertaken to sup- 
ply him with a considerable Sum for this Service, & he has made his 
Draughts for the Payment, which will be done ; but the Parties of 

[* See document next preceding. — Ed.] 


Indians come so fast upon him & M"^ Johnson to be fitted out for this 
Service, that what the will receive at present from this Governm' will 
be a very inconsiderable part of what they are under Engagements 
for, & the Gentlemen seem to apprehend that there is great Danger 
of their being ruined, & the Common Cause suffering the greatest 
Damage that we can conceive of, unless they be releived from these 

I doubt not, Sir, but your General Assembly will in this Critical 
Conjuncture, readily make proper Supplies for the Encouragem' of 
the Indians of the six Nations for prosecuting this War, & for keep- 
ing these Gentlemen in heart till an Agreem' may be made between 
the Governm'® to apportion the Charge that has arisen or may arise 
in this important Affair, among themselves ; And I shall lay this 
Matter before the General Court at their first Meeting, & I am fully 
persuaded they will chearfully fall into all the Measures necessary for 
promoting this important Interest — You will please to lay these 
Matters before your Assembly as soon as possible, & let me know 
their Resolution on this Affair. I am with great regard Sir 
Your Excellency's most Obedient Humble Serv' 

W Shirley 

P. S. I shall write to your Exc^ fully upon other matters by next 
post W. S. 

His Excellency Benning Wentworth Esq"" 

[4-48] \Petition of Robert Miller, Loiiisboiirg Soldier, iyA^'j.'\ 

To his Excellency Benning Wentworth Esq"" Captain General And 
Governour and Commander in Chief in And Over his Majestys 
Province of New Hamps^ the Hon'''^ his Majestys Council and 
House of Representatives In General Assembly Convened July 14 

Humbly Shews Robert Miller of Hampton falls in the Province 

That your Petitioner at the Unfortunate Attack of the Island Bat- 
tery in the Siege of Louisbourgh Met with a Shot by which he lost 
one arm which Renders him Incapable of Labouring for the Support 
of himself & a Large family the Only way he had to maintain them 
That Your Petitioner before his going to Louisbourgh was an Inhab- 
itant of this Province But went in the pay of the Massachusetts Gov- 
ernment for which Reason your Petitioner Apprehended that what 
Pension Gratuity or allowance he might hope to Receive for this 


Great misfortune of the Loss of his Arm Ought to be paid by the 
Massachusetts and Accordingly Petition'd that Court for Rehef But 
was Denied Any because He Belonged to New Hamps* I Would 
therefore Pray Your Excellency & Honours that you would take my 
Case into Consideration And Do what You may think proper that I 
may have Relief from the Place where it Ought to Come That if it 
appertains to this Province Your Excellency & Honours would Grant 
me Such As in Your Great Wisdom You shall think proper And if it 
doth not Appertain to this Province that you would Grant Me Such 
assistance as you shall think proper towards My obtaining of it that I 
may not be shut Entirely Out Between the two Provinces and Your 
Petitioner as in Duty Bound shall Ever Pray &c : 

Robert miller 

In Council July the i6 1747 read & ordred to be Sent Down to 
the Hon^^^ House Theod^ Atkinson Sc^ 

[4-49] \_Siipplics Sent to Nciv Hampshire Soldiers, 1747.] 

Inv° of Sundrys Shipt on board the Sloop Augustus Dav^ Dungham 
for New York Consign'd to M'' Gulian Verlank Merch^ there on Ace' 
& Resque of y^ Prov^ of New Hampshire & by order of M"" Secretary 
Atkinson to be reship'd by M"" Verplank for Albany to y^ Adress 
there of Coll° Johnson & Jn° Hen^ Lydius Esq"^^ 

Boston July 15 : 1747 — 
One Large Case & one Bale Cont^ 
8 ^"^ Blue Broad Cloth q' 187^ y^^ @ 60/ . 
8 p'^^ half thick viz' 7 blue i red q' 262 y^^ best Sort 
2 p" Cont=^ 30 Stript Duffcll blankitts @ 80s ^ p"" 
A Large Case 8 Y^' Crocus & Carts on board . 
Cash p^ Cap' Dungham fre' to York . 

Com" @. 5 f C' 

Errors Excepted 

SHipp'd by the Grace of God, in good Order and well Conditiond 
by Samuel Wentworth in and upon the good Sloop call'd the Au- 
gustus whereof is Master, under God, for this present voyage, David 
Dungham and now riding at Anchor in the Harbour of Boston and 
by God's Grace bound for New York to say, one Bale & one Case On 
Acco' as "^ Inv" & goes consigned to M"" Gulian Verplank to be re- 
shipd for Albany to Coll° Johnson & J. H. Lydius Esqrs being mark'd 

. ;^56l„ 15,, 


t . 209,, I2„ 




5., 8„ 


ii„ io„ 


47,, 8„ 


;^^995m I 3m 


Sam Wentworth 


and niimber'd as in the Margin * and are to be deliver'd in the like 
good Order and well Condition'd, at the aforesaid Port of New York 
(the Danger of the Seas only excepted) unto Gulian Verplank or to 
his Assigns, he or they paying Freight for the said Goods Nothing 
having pd it at Shiping ;^ii , lo - with Primage and Average ac- 
custom'd. In witness whereof the Master or Purser of the said Sloop 
hath affirm'd to three Bills of Lading, all of this Tenor and Date ; 
one of which Bills being accomplish'd, the other two to stand void. 
And so God send the good Sloop to her desir'd Port in safety. Amen, 
Dated in Boston July 15, 1747 Davin Dungum 

\_SJiirley to WentwortJi.^ 
[Belknap Papers, Vol. II., p. 254.] 

Boston October 12. 1 747.-8 
Sir, Your Excellency has a Letter in answer to mine from you in 
Gov' Knowles's Letter to you, w^'' makes it unnecessary for me to say 
any farther, except y' I shall hope for the Assistance of your Opinion 
and Advice in the several points before M'' Knowles and myself. 

I am in haste, the Express stays by for this, with much truth and 

Sir, Your Excellency's most Obedient, Humble serv^ 

W Shirley 
His Exc^ Gov"^ Wentworth. 

\_Shirley to Wentwort/i.] 
[Belknap Papers, Vol. II., p. 255,] 

Boston, Nov'' 3, 1747. 
Sir — Since my last by Express I have received an answer to 
every part of Mr. Knowles' And my Joint letter from Rhode Island ; 
and as the method of the inclosed Muster Roll seems to me, what 
may save your Excellency and ourselves trouble, I have inclos'd it for 
your perusal, y' if you approve of it, you may make use of the same 
method. Be pleas'd to return me the Muster Roll by the Post with- 
out fail. 

I am w"^ much truth and esteem 

Sir — Your Excellency's most Obedient, Humble Serv' 

W. Shirley. 
His Exc^ Gov"" Wentworth. 

* To Coll" Johnson & C» at Albany 


\_Shirley to WentivortJi, ^747-] 
[Belknap Papers, Vol. II., p. 256.] 

Sir — I receiv'd your Excellencys favour by the post, in w* you 
say you have sent me back the Rhode Island Muster Roll, but you 
have omitted it thro' hurry, I suppose, and would beg you to do it by 
the return of the Post. I shall want 5 setts of the Muster Rolls. I 
will write your Excellency more fully by Captain Huske when Mr. 
Knowles returns from Nantasket, where he was gone when your 
Packet was deliver'd me. 

The News your Excellency mentions to have received by my Ex- 
press, wants confirmation. I pray God, it may prove true at least in 
part in the End. 

I am w"^ great regard and Esteem 

Sir, Your Excellency's most Obedient, Humble servant, 

W, Shirley 

Boston, Nov. 9*'' 1747 
His Excy Gov"" Wentworth. 

[S/iir/ey to VVentwortJi, relating to Soldiers Pay, Riot in Boston, etc.~\ 

[Belknap Papers, Vol. II,, p. 257.] 

Boston, Nov"" 24, 1747. 
Sir — Since my last to your Excellency, Mr. Knowles and I have 
receiv'd a letter from Gov"^ Clinton, wherein he acquaints us y' he has 
hitherto paid the levies of his own Governm', Maryland, Virginia 
and Pennsilvania after the rate of 6^ Ster., pr day over and above 
their provisions, w*^'^ have been allow'd 'em, and y* he shall pay 'em 
the remainder now due 'em at the same rate : whereupon Mr. 
Knowles and I think the rate of paying the Massachusetts, New 
Hampshire and Rhode Island levies is so far fix'd by Mr. Clinton's 
having proceeded thus in paying off the Western Levies y' we think 
any abatement in the pay of the New England levies, or Stoppage for 
provisions or billeting money allowed 'em by the Colonies, would raise 
the utmost discontent among the soldiers here, and be greatly preju- 
dicial to his Majestys service in New England in any future Expedi- 
tion, And have therefore determined y' the levies of the three before 
mention'd New England Coknies shall be pay'd off at the rate of 6d 
pr day Ster. clear of stoppages for provisions or billeting money al- 
low'd 'em by those Governm''' : which determination wc the more 


readily come into, as we find it is agreeable to your Excellency's opin- 
ion signifyed to me in one of y*^ late letters. 

We have had in this Town an Insurrection and most rebellious rout, 
of w"=^ I will give you a particular ace* in my next, as also an answer 
to all other matters not answered here, and to Mr. Atkinson's Que- 
ries, for omitting which now I hope for your Exc^'* Excuse, having 
been interrupted in my business by the late Tumult for some days. 

I should be glad if possible to receive the acc'^ of your Levies be- 
fore Mr. Knowles sails and the Express goes to England, w=^ last will 
be in all next week ; and the former I believe by Saturday or Sunday. 

I am, with very great respect, Sir, 

Your Excellencys most obedient Humble Servant 

W. Shirley 

His Exc>' Gov"" Wentworth. 

P. S. Mr. Knowles has been some time on board the Canterbury 
in Nantasket, which is the reason of his not joining in this Letter. 

\D0cu1ne7it Endorsed: " Gov^ Knoivles & Shirley s letters on the Dnke 
of New Castles letter 30*'^ May 1747."] 

[Belknap Papers, Vol. H., p. 258.] 

Boston, October 10"' i747- — 
Sir The Inclos'd is an Extract from a Letter from the Duke of 
Newcastle to Governour Shirley Signifying His Majestys Commands 
to us upon the several Matters Containd in it. In Obedience to which 
we must desire You'l be pleas'd to Transmit to us by return of this 
Express or as soon after as You can Muster Rolls or Lists of the 
several Officers and Soldiers raisd within Your Government for His 
Majestys Service and days on which the Soldiers were Inlisted into 
it (which last may be best done by Attested Copies of the Enlist- 
ments themselves) also an Account of the Deaths of such of the 
Officers and Men which have happen'd since they enter'd into the 
Service with the respective Times when they happen'd as also of the 
Dismissions and Desertions of any of the Soldiers and times of their 
being discharg'd or deserting together with an Account of their Fur- 
loffs which have been granted from time to time to the Soldiers or 
any of them & for what time as also upon what Command or Duty 
the Officers and Men have been respectively employ'd since the Time 
of their entering into the Service together with a Muster Roll or List 
of the Officers and effective private Soldiers now remaining in the 


Service all which Rolls Lists and Acco*^ we desire may be duly Cer- 
tify'd by the proper Officers under their Hands upon Oath taken be- 
fore Yourself and Attested by Your Excellency also that You wou'd 
Transmit to us an Acco* of the Charges of the Cloathing, Arms and 
Accoutrements of the Soldiers and of all other Expences which have 
been Incurred on Account of the Expedition and are not to be de- 
fra'yd by the Colony under Your Excellency's Governm^ from the 
time of their being Levied to the time of Your Attesting the 
said Accounts together with the Vouchers thereof all duly Certify'd 
upon Oath by the proper Parties before You and a Copy of the Proc- 
lamation Issued by Your Excellency for the Encouragement of Troops 
Inlisted into the aforesaid Service with Copys of the Votes of Your 
Assemblys touching the Bounty & Subsistance of Provisions granted 
by them for the Troops, And we must further desire that Your Ex- 
cell-^' wou'd in Pursuance of His Majesty's Orders Communicate to 
us Your Sentiments and Opinion as to the manner of Discharging 
these Officers and Soldiers & upon what Foot it may be best done 
having due regard to His Majestys Commands to us for doing it in 
the most Frugal Manner and his Expectations in this Affair, and this 
we desire Your Excellency wou'd forthwith do as a great Charge is 
running on till the Soldiers shall be dismiss'd by us. — 

We must also desire Your Excellency in Obedience to His Ma- 
jestys Commands to recommend it to Your Assemblies to furnish Such 
Sums of Money or Creditt as may be wanted to pay off the Soldiers 
which Your Excellency will perceive by the Extract of the Duke of 
Nevvcastles Letter is to be provided for by Parliam* as soon as the ac- 
count of the whole Charge Incurred by raising the Levies shall be 
Transmitted to His Grace by us and forthwith to let us know Your 
Exccllencys Opinion of the Success of such an Application, as also 
to let us know whether You have Advanc'd any and what Sums of 
Money to the Officers and Soldiers or any of them on Account of 
their Pay and after what Rate and to what time they are paid in full. 

And as Your Excellency perceive We are Commanded by His Ma- 
jesty to retain such a Number of the American Levies in his Pay as 
we shall judge Sufficient for the Security of Nova Scotia against the 
Enemys Attempts untill a Reinforcement can be sent thither from 
Great Brittain the Preservation of which Colony is of the greatest 
Im])ortance to the Safety and Welfare of all His Majestys Northern 
Colonies, And also that M"" Shirley is Ordcrd by His Majesty to Com- 
pleat his Own and Sir William Pepperells as likewise Lieu' General 
Phillipp's Regim' out of those Troops we hope Your Excellency will 
Assist the Officers who shall be sent to raise Recruits for those Pur- 
poses into Your Exccllencys Government with Your Influence and 


Authority and Contribute every thing in Your Excellencys Power to 
their Success and the promoting of His Majestys Service — 

We think it Clear that tne Arms and Accoutrem'^ of the Soldiers 
are to be return'd and where the Men have lost them their Value 
must be Stopp'd out of their Pay, or rather the several Captains are 
to be Call'd upon for the Arms of their respective Companies and are 
Chargeable therewith, which You will be pleas'd to Consider, And 
Ave must desire Your Excellency will forthwith let us know Your 
Opinion of what pay it may be reasonable to Allow the Officers as 
well as Men for their Service. — 

We are Your Excellencys 

most Obed' Hble Servants, 
W Shirley 
Cha* Knowles 
His Exc^ Gov"" Went worth 

[Extracts from Ditke of Nctu Castle s Letter.^ 
[Belknap Papers, Vol. H., p. 259.] 

Extracts of a Letter from His Grace the Duke of Newcastle to 
Governour Shirley, dated 30"' of May 1747. 

" His Majesty has been pleas'd to direct me to Signify to You His 
pleasure that you should immediately appoint a Meeting with Com- 
modore Knowles at such place as shall be agreed upon, & Consider 
with him the present State of Nova Scotia & Louisbourg, and take 
the proper measures for the Defence of those places. 

" It is His Majesty's pleasure you should Endeavour to [complete] 
from out of the Americans which are now rais'd for His Majesty's 
Service Sir William Pepperells Regiment and your own. — 

" Lieu' General Phillips Regiment is I am afraid very weak I will 
however send him His Majesty's Orders to send what Recruits can 
be got from hence, and you will also Endeavour to have his Regiment 
compleated out of the Americans. — 

" It is also His Majesty's pleasure that M"" Knowles & you should 
Consider what Number of Americans will be really wanted for the 
Service abovementioned, and the King would have you retain so 
many as may be absolutely necessary for that Service, & no more, 
and the King hopes that a small Number of Americans with His 
Majesty's Forces which you have may be sufficient for that purpose, 


as the Expence of those Americans is very great ; And as to the 
Americans in general except only such as may be wanted, for the Ser- 
vice abovementioned, It is His Majesty's pleasure that you in Con- 
junction with Commodore Knowles should thank them in such manner 
as you shall think proper, & immediately discharge them upon the 
best & cheapest foot you can, and in order thereto you will Consult 
with the respective Governours upon the manner of doing it, and you 
will transmit to His Majesty an immediate Account of what you shall 
do therein. — 

" As it is His Majestys Intention that the Americans should be 
immediately discharged, except only such few as are mentioned above, 
the manner of discharging them, the Satisfaction for their Time &c * 
must be left to Commodore Knowles & yourself ; The King however 
is perswaded you will do it as cheap as possible. — 

" And as these American Troops have done little or no Service 
hitherto, It is to be hoped they will not expect to be paid in the man- 
ner they would have been had they actually been Employed on Ser- 
vice And it seems highly reasonable that such of these Troops as 
have remained in the provinces where they were Enlisted should be 
contented with less Pay than such of them as may have march'd into 
other Provmces. 

" When you and M"" Knowles shall have mett and fully Considered 
the Service to be undertaken in the manner above directed and shall 
have Agreed what Number of Americans it will be necessary to keep 
in pay, for that purpose, It is His Majesty's Pleasure that you should 
procure an Account of the whole Expence incurred on Account of 
the American Troops from the time of their being levyed, to the 
time of their being discharged, and when the same shall be fully Ad- 
justed and Liquidated you will transmit it to me with the proper 
Vouchers from the several Governours that it may be laid before Par- 
liament to the End that Provision may be made for the payment, and 
in the mean time in order to prevent any Complaint amongst the 
Men that have been P^nlisted (as well those that shall be discharged, 
as those that shall Continue in Service) for want of immediate Pay, 
you will recommend it to the Governours of the Provinces where 
these Levies have been made to procure Credit from the respective 
Assemblies for that purpose, which His Majesty hopes may be done 
without Difficulty. — 

A Copy W Shirley 

Cha* Knowles ^ 


[Shirley to Wentzvorth.'] 
[Belknap Papers Vol. II., p. 260.] 

Boston, October 29''' 1747. 

Sir — Mr. Knowles and I have received your Excellency's Letter 
dated the 23"^ Instant ; and as very great Expence to the Crown is 
running on whilst the Accounts of the Forces rais'd within your Ex- 
cellency's Government for the Expedition against Canada are prepar- 
ing and adjusting, we think it our indispensable Duty to send you the 
inclos'd discharge of 'em, which we desire your Excellency would 
have Publish'd among the Levies in such manner as you shall think 

You will perceive by the Extract of the Duke of New Castle's 
Letter, which we inclos'd in our last, that it is his Majesty's pleasure 
the Levies should be discharg'd in the most frugal manner, so that it 
is doubtless his Expectation that all such of 'em as have not march'd 
out of the Province or Colony, where they were rais'd sho'd be paid 
off at the rate of the ordinary Establishment for all his Majestys 
Regiments of Foot, viz. the private men at the rate of 6d Sterling 
pr. day, out of which a stoppage must be made of ^d for their Provis- 
ions. ... so that there will remain to be paid in money to them 
only 2d Sterling pr day ; the corporals after the rate of Zd pr day, 
out of which a stoppage of 4<^for their Provisions, so that 4c/ Sterling 
pr day will remain to be paid in money to them ; the Serjants after 
the rate of is Sterling pr day, out of which a stoppage must be made 
of ^d for their provisions, so that there will remain 8c/ Sterling pr day 
to be paid to them ; and this is agreeable to the Terms of their En- 
listment, in w* no more is promis'd than the usual pay of his Ma- 
jesty's Troops, viz. 6d Sterling & pay for a private man, d>d for a Cor- 
poral and 1 2c/ for a Sargeant ; out of which they find themselves with 
Provisions ; and where Provisions are found for them, as in the case of 
Lieut. Gen^ Phillip's Regiment posted in Nova Scotia & Newfoundland 
a stoppage of 4c/ Sterling pr day is made out of their pay for it : and in 
this case it makes no difference with respect to the soldiers that Pro- 
visions have been generally found for 'em at the charge of the Colo- 
nies where they were rais'd and not the Crown's : For that was not 
given them as the Bounty of the several Colonies but was required by 
his Majesty from those Colonies to be done in ease of the National 
Expence, and as what was their reasonable part of the charges to be 
incurred by the late intended Expedition, set on foot chiefly for the 
immediate benefit of the several Colonies concern'd in it ; and con- 
sidering these Troops have not march'd out of their respective Colo- 
nies, they have no pretence to expect more than what was promis'd 


'em by the Terms of their EnHstment and ought to be satisfied 
with that. 

As to all those Levies, which have march'd out of the several prov- 
inces where they were rais'd, except those sent to Nova Scotia an 
allowance of 2d Sterling- pr Day extraordinary to them upon that 
consideration will be sufficient ; but as to those Troops which were 
sent to Nova Scotia, or Imbark'd for that Province, tho' they had the 
misfortune thro' Shipwreck & Sickness not to arrive there, Mr. 
Knowles and I think they ought to have on account of their Service 
& hard Duty, which occasion'd 'em a greater Expence of cloaths & 
other things than the rest of the Troops had, 6d sterling pr. day 
abov^e their Provisions from the time of their Imbarkation for Nova 
Scotia, till their return to their respective Colonies ; before and after 
which times a stoppage must be made out of their Pay for their Pro- 
visions, and they receive no more in money than 2d pr day, and the 
several Levies are to be paid off accordingly after those Rates. 

As to the method of paying off the men when they are discharged 
it appears to Mr. Knowles and me, that there are but two ways of 
doing it. viz. Either by procuring money on Credit from your As- 
sembly, which we are commanded by his Majesty to recommend to 
you, or else by borrowing money of the merchants upon publick Bills 
payable when the Parliament shall make Provision for defraying the 
Charges incurr'd on account of these Levies, which Bills Mr. Knowles 
and I think should be sold for the highest Exchange that can be got 
for the benefit of the men, but not at a lower rate than ^^700 pr Cent 
advance in Bills of the old Tenor, or p^8oo of that currency for ;^ioo 
Sterling ; and if both these methods should fail then we can't see 
what more can possibly be done than to give the men Certificates of 
what is due to 'em at the time of their being discharged with a 
promise of paying 'em as soon as possible : But we hope there will 
be no necessity of having recourse to this method. 

Mr. Knowles being very much Engag'd in the Business of his 
Squadron which detains him great part of his time at Nantasket, has 
desir'd me to take upon myself the Settling of the Terms for paying 
the men off, and as he is under orders frem the Lords of Admiralty 
to repair to Jamaica to take upon him the Command of his Majesty's 
Ships there, and designs to Sail in about a fortnight, we shall be glad 
to proceed as far as possible in Execution of his Majesty's orders 
Committed to our joint care before he goes : And besides, if the acc^^ 
are not transmitted home in time to be lay'd before Parliament this 
Session, it may occasion a Delay in raising the money for defraying 
the charges. 

Since Mr. Knowlc's and my joint Letter to your Excellency I am 


Inform'd by Mr. Secretary Willard that upon the finst raising of 
Troops in this Province for the Expedition against Canada in Queen 
Anne's time, Her Majesty expressly promis'd (among other things) 
as an Encouragement for Volunteers to Enlist, that they should retain 
their Arms which had been provided for 'em by the Crown : But as 
the Expedition did not proceed that year, and the Queen sent Orders 
to Disband those Levies, which was done, this Government then 
thought proper (notwithstanding the Queen's express promise, and 
those Troops had march'd out of the Province to be ready to proceed 
by Land to Canada) to make the Soldiers deliver up their arms as 
they had not actually proceeded to Canada, in order to be kept for 
the Service of the Expedition when it should be prosecuted : which 
seems to be a case where the men had far greater reason to expect to 
retain their arms than they have in this, especially as the Duke of 
New Castle in his Letter to me of the 30**^ of May, only says that 
his Majesty had lay'd aside the Design of the Expedition for the 

It was necessary to transmit to your Excellency the terms for the 
payment of the men and non-commission'd officers together with the 
enclos'd discharge of 'em ; As to the officers it may be time enough 
to send you Mr. Knowles' & my opinion of the Terms on which they 
should be paid off by the Post following, he being now at Nantasket ; 
with regard to myself I must in the mean time say, that I think they 
ought to have the full Sterling pay which the officers of his Majesty's 
other Troops in their Ranks receive. 

I am with very great regard, Sir, 

Your Excellency's most obedient Servant 

W. Shirley. 
His Excellency Gov"" Wentworth. 

[Endorsed] — GoV Shirley, 28''' Oct" 1747, on the Dismission of the 
Canada men & their Pay. 

\Shirlcy to Wentzvoj'tJi^ 

[Belknap Papers, Vol. H., p. 261.] 

Boston, Jan>' 17, i747-[8.] 
Sir — I ask your pardon for letting the last post slip me without 
acquainting your Excellency y' I appointed a Muster Master for the 
Troops rais'd here, Tho' he was not inserted in my list. I will let 
you know the Exchange at w* I pay the men by next Post ; and 
should have sent Answers to Col. Atkinson's Queries by this, but y' 


copy of 'em w'^'^ Pollard gave me are at present shipt among such 
heap of papers y* I can't readily find 'em. If Col. Atkinson will 


an heap 

be at the trouble of sending me a copy of 'em, least Pollard should 

have lost his, I will answer 'em by next Post — being w*'^ great esteem 

y"" ExcelP'" most obed^ Humble servant — 

W. Shirley. 
His Exc^ Gov"" Went worth. 

\_Shirley to WcntwortJi?)^ 
[Belknap Papers, Vol. H., p. 262.] 

Boston, Feby 2, 1747-8 
Sir — I was favour'd with your Excellency's by Col. Atkinson, and 
gave him as particular Answers to his several Queries and verbal Ques- 
tions as I could : and have only to add I pay the men off here after 
the rate of 750 pr cent advance, and shall make it up to 'em 800 pr 
cent advance, if I can sell all the Bills at that rate as I believe I shall, 
and contingent expenses will allow it. 

I should be extremely glad to have all your Excellency's Ace'' to 
transmit home by the ship after next, otherwise I am affraid we shall 
lose a session for the raising of the money by Parliam' 

Inclos'd is the Amount of the Anchors w'^'" I sent for your Province 
Vessels to Annapolis Royal, upon Mr. Mascarine's advice of its want- 
ing 'em. And y' the service suffered by it, and would beg the favour of 
your Excellency to send orders for the discharge of it. 

I am to ask your pardon, I believe, for a demand on your part upon 
this Province, for an article or two w'=^^ Mr. Wentworth here called on 
me several times ab'* but is not yet adjusted. I shall take care to 
have it done forthwith, and, am with great respect and Esteem, 
Sir, your Excellency's most obedient Humble serv' 

W. Shirley 
His Excy Gov" Wentworth. 

[4-54] \Coininissary PcnJialloiv s Petition, 174^-] 

To His Excellency Penning Wentworth Esq"" Governor and Com- 
mander in Chief in and over the Province of New Hampshire, The 
Honorable his majestys Council & House of Representatives in 
General assembly Conven'd 
The Petition of Samuel Pcnhallow of Portsmouth in the Province 

of New Hampshire most humbly sheweth — Tliat your Petitioner was 


voted by the General assembly of this Province to be Commissary to 
go with the Voluntiers raisd in this Province for the Expedition 
against Canada — That he was to have Ten Pounds '^ month — That 
he Servd in that Capacity from the fifteenth day of July 1746 untill 
the thirty first day of October 1747 being Sixteen Months three weeks 
& four days amounting unto the Sura of one hundred and Sixty nine 
Pounds — That your Petitioner could not engage in any other busi- 
ness untill he was dischargd from his duty as commissary afores'^ 
which was not untill the 3r^' day of October 1747 — Wherefore your 
Petitioner most humbly Prays your Excellency & Honours to allow 
him the S^ Sum of one hundred & Sixty nine Pounds for his Service 
aforesaid and your Petitioner as in Duty bound shall ever Pray &c — 

Samuel Penhallow 
March 8"' 1747 [1748] 

In Council read & ordred to be Sent to the Hon^'® House March 
10**^ 1747 Theodore Atkinson Se'^ 

\_SJiirley to WentivortJi.'\ 

[Belknap Papers, Vol. H., p. 263.] 

Boston, March 15'^ 1747-8 
Sir — I am favour'd w*'^ your Excellency's by the last Post, inquir- 
ing after the Pay, which Mr. Knowles & I have allow'd Pilots retain'd 
for the Expedition. But as I had not retain'd any, it did not occur to 
me, so that we did not think of it, & I don't find that article charg'd 
in any acc*^ that have been transmitted to me yet : But doubtless it 
is a proper one. 

Having sold the bills w^'' I have drawn for the Pay of the men at 
800 pre cent advance, I have paid 'em hitherto at the Rate of 850 for 
100, reserving the other 50 as a fund for contingencies, such as Med- 
icines &c. w* could not otherwise be paid off ; & what overplus there 
may be, if any, shall be in the end distributed among 'em, w"^*^ I men- 
tion to your Excellency having before wrote that I thought they must 
have been paid off at 8 for i only concerning w^'^ I had a long contest 
w*^ the Buyers of the Bills. 

This will be deliver'd you by Lieut Gerrish, who informs me that 
he has enlisted three men out of Berwick for Annapolis Royal, who 
have pay due 'em in the Expedition ag®' Canada for service in Col° At- 
kinson's Regiment : & I shall be oblig'd to your Excellency if you will 
order 'em to be forthwith paid that they may go upon Duty. Their 
names are Moses Ward, Walter Abbot and John Goodwin. 


He also informs me that your Excelly would not permit him to en- 
list a man within your Governm* for his Majesty's service at Annap- 
olis : In w*^'^ I have told him that I believe he misunderstood you, & 
Strictly charg'd him not to report it, as what I apprehended must put 
an Intire stop to raising men for his Majesty's service in all other 
Governm'^ upon the Continent. Your Excell^ has seen his Majesty's 
Orders to Mr. Knowles & me for retaining a number out of the 
American Levies sufficient for the Defence of Nova Scotia w'^'^ he & 
I determin'd could not be less than 500 ; & I have since very lately 
receiv'd the most strict orders from his Majesty that can beconceiv'd 
to use my utmost Endeavour for the security of that Province : I sup- 
pose those Orders can't be constru'd to mean that I sh'd raise all the 
men within my own Government, nor is it reasonable I should or 
practicable if I was to attempt it ; & I suppose his Majesty's Right 
to raise men within all his Colonies for his service is not doubted ; It 
has not yet been disputed by any of his Governours in the case of 
Sir Wm. Pepperill's & my Regiment : and Gov'' Thomas allow'd the 
Officers of four Regiments to recruit, as I am inform'd within his 
Governm' at the same time, viz. Gov"" Trelawney's, Gen' Dalzell's, 
Sir Wm. Pepperell's & my own ; so clear was he in that point, nor 
did I in the least discourage Recruiting for Dalzell's Regiment within 
my own Government when Sir Wm. Pepperell & I had but just begun 
to raise men for our own Regiments. I might add that your Excel- 
lency is sensible that the Province under your own Government is 
principally interested in the preservation of Nova Scotia, & on that 
account ought to contribute its proportion of men towards it, w"^ this 
Province : But that will not be the case ; — For I have hitherto en- 
listed for Nova Scotia wholly within my own Government, and I have 
raised there between 2 & 300 men, and it is not probable that Lieu- 
tenant Gerrish would have pick'd up 20 of your men, if he had been 
permitted to have enlisted within your Excy'' Government. 

I would desire nothing of your Excellency that sho'd put you to 
the least Inconveniency ; & can't but hope that raising a few men in 
your Province for his Majesty's service upon this occasion will not. 
Nor should I have given you this Trouble if I was not apprehensive 
that your Excell^* Refusal to suffer any men's being rais'd there for 
this particular service would be of the most prejudicial consequence 
to his Majesty's service in general upon all occasions, for Soldiers 
within every one of his Colonies upon the Continent ; For every Gov- 
ernment will think they have an equal Right & the Same Reason to 
hinder the enlisting of Soldiers for the King's service with your Ex- 
cellency, & probably follow your Example & so the King would be 
shut out from raising men for the Preservation of any part of his 


American Dominions, w*^'* he certainly has as good a Right to do 
within his Northern Colonics, as within any other part of his Do- 

I am with great Regard, Sir, 

Your Excellencys most Obedient Humble Servant, 

W. Shirley. 

P. S. I shall take it as a favour, if your Excellency will give Lieut 
Gerrish leave to make trial for a few men for the sake of avoiding 
much greater disservice to his Majesty's Interest, y" even the want of 
the men, w*^^ he may pick up in your Government would be. 
His Excellency Gov"" Wentworth, 


[^Summons to the Cojincil to Attend a Court of Admh^alty in Fan- 

eiiil Hall, 1748.] 

Province of the 1 
Massachusetts Bay ) By his Excellency the Governour, To the 
Honourable the Members of His Majesty's Council for the 

Seal Province of New Hampshire & Each and Every of them 

You are hereby Summoned to appear at the Courthouse in Faneuil 
Hall Boston upon Tuesday the third day of May next at ten o'Clock 
in the forenoon at a Court of Admiralty then & there to be held for 
the Tryal of Richard James who stands charged with the Murther of 
one Thomas Lewis upon the High Seas within the Admirals Jurisdic- 
tion on or about the twenty fifth day of December last. 

Given under my hand & Seal at Boston aforesaid the fourteenth 
day of April in the twenty first year of the Reign of our Sovereign 
Lord King George the Second, Annoq Dom. 1748: 

[The foregoing is copied from the original. — Ed.] 

W Shirley. 

\_Shirley to WentivortJi?^ 
[Belknap Papers, Vol. H., p. 264.] 

Boston, April 26, 1748. 
Sir — Being oblig'd to send to the Duke of New Castle's office 
all the accounts and vouchers of the Expense of the late intended 
Expedition ag*' Canada, pursuant to his Maj^^'^ commands to Mr. 


Knowles and me to collect and transmit 'em to his Grace, by the first 
opportunity, w'^'' will be in ab^ seven days, I should be glad if your 
Excellency would furnish me with such Rolls, acc'^ and vouchers in 
this affair as you shall think proper to transmit home of the Troops 
rais'd within the Province under your own GovernmS by the return 
of the Post. 

I wish your Exc^ joy of Mr. Knowles success ag^* Port Louis, (') 
and the prospect there is of opening all the French Ports on that 
side ; as also of the confirmation of Admiral Hawke's Squadron hav- 
ing taken the Magnanimous from the French. 

I am, in haste with great regard Sir, 

Your Excellencys most Obedient Humble servant 

W. Shirley, 
His Exc^ Gov"" Wentworth. 

[4~57] \_Memorial of Captain JosepJi Sherburne, 1748.] 

Province of ) To the Honourable House of Representatives, 
New Hampshire / of his Majesties Province of New Hampshire, in 
New England, (Guardians, of the Rights and Privileges, of the Inhab- 
itants, within the same) now Convened in General Assembly. — 

The Memorial & Request, of Joseph Sherburne, of Portsmouth, 
within said Province. — 

Humbly Sheweth, 

That in the Year 1744, when an Expedition was set on foot against 
Cape Breton, the said Joseph voluntarily enter'd into that Service, 
and went thither. Master of a Transport, with Troops & Stores. — 

That Soon after the Landing of the Troops, on that Island, a Siege 
was form'd, against the city of Louisbourg, in which, the Memorialist, 
had a full Share of Action, being Order'd by the General, to quit his 
Transport, and take upon him the Command, of the Cannon in the 
Advanced Battery, as by a Copy, of the Generalls Warrant, for that 
Purpose, hereunto Annexed, may Appear ; in which Command, he 
humbly hopes, he neither disgraced himself nor Dishonoured his 
Country. — 

That, some little time after, the General honoured him, with a Cap- 
tains Commission, for a foot Company, to Reward his faithfull Ser- 
vices, as a Canoneer, and for his further P2ncouragement, to Continue 
in that Hazardous Command. — 

That after the Surrender of Louisbourg, he was Appointed Store 
keeper, to his Majesties Office of Ordnance, within that Garrison ; 

(i) Port Louis, a maritime town of Guadaloupe, West Indies, 


as by the Copy of a Certificate, from the General, & Admiral, here- 
unto Annexed, may also appear, which says, he was a very Active 
Officer, and Acted, with the Strictest Fidelity, Industry, & Care, & 
to their Intire Satisfaction. — 

That upon his return from Louisbourg where he had Wintered, he 
found his Country, beating to Arms, in Order to raise a Force, for an 
Expedition against Canada ; and thereupon (at the Request of his 
Excellency the Gov"") he enter'd a Second time, into his Majesties 
Service, tho' he was then bound another way, to Seek a better Rec- 
ompence, for his past Services, than he could expect to Obtain, in 
New England, which Design, he then laid aside, purely for the sake, 
of Serving his Majesty and his Country, in the new Expedition, and 
at the Desire of his Excellency, as aforesaid, which will in some 
Measure Appear, by the Copy of a Letter, from M"" Atkinson to M"" 
Thomlinson (in favour of the Memorialist) which is also hereunto 
Annexed. — 

That his Excellency first, gave the Memorialist beating Orders ; 
then a Commission to Command an Armed Brigantine, in an Expedi- 
tion, against his Majesties Enemies, particularly the french Settle- 
ments in the Giilph of S* Laurance, Quebec, and Mount Royal, & 
elsewhere ; and afterward a Second Commission to be Captain of a 
Company, destin'd for the Succour of Annapolis Royal, by. which, he 
was vested, with a double Command both by Sea & Land ; That he 
did go to Annapolis, pursuant to the Governors Order, where he 
pass'd his Musters & has Certificates thereof, both from the Gover- 
nor, & Commissary of War, ready to be laid before the Honourable 
House, if required. Notwithstanding all which & a variety of Orders, 
which he received from his Excellency, in his double Capacity, of 
Captain both by Sea & Land, & the most ready & Punctual Obedi- 
ence, which he paid to them. — Yet so it is, that he was lately In- 
formed, by the Hon'^^^ M"" Atkinson, Pay Master of the Troops, that 
his Excellency had determined, that his, the Memorialist's Pay should 
be that of a Lieutenant & no more ; which must be Acknowledged to 
be such a resolve, as is eno' to Awaken Indolence, & Make, even 
Indifference it self Sanguine ; however he Chooses to Waive any 
Remarks, that would Aggravate the Unkindness, with which he has 
been used. Upon the whole the Memorialist Humbly prays the Ad- 
visement of the Honourable House in the Premises, And that they 
will be pleased, to become Intercessors, in his Behalf, that he may not 
be disgraced, and degraded, Undeservedly, nor deny'd the pay to 
which his Commissions Intitle him, namely that of a Single Captain 
at Least, to which he humbly Apprehends both by the rules of War 
& Common Justice, he has an Undoubted Right. And if their 


Endeavours should prove Successless here, he further prays that they 
will be pleased, to recommend the Affair, to his Majesties Royal 
Consideration, whose Principle it is, to reward the Brave, and the 
Deserving- ; and from whose Justice, and Goodness, he han't the 
least doubt, of having his Grievance redress'd 

And the Memorialist shall ever pray as in Duty Bound — 

Jo* Sherburn 

Portsmouth May ii"' 1748. 


\Copy of Letter from Captain Sherburne to Admiral Waj-reii, 1748.] 

To the Right Honorable Sir Peter Warren Knight of the Bath, and 
one of the Lords of the Admiralty 

Sir, After craving your Leave, to congratulate your Advancement, 
to the high Station, in which His Majesty has been pleased to place 
you, as a reward of your Merit, since I had the Honour of serving 
His Majesty under you in the City of Louisbourg ; I humbly intreat, 
that you will be pleased to allow me, to lay before you the injurious 
and undeserved Treatment (to say no worse of it,) which I have lately 
met with here ; and that you will condescend, to favour me with your 
Patronage in order to my obtaining relief. — 

The Case stands thus 

Upon my return from Louisbourg I was bound immediately to Bos- 
ton to wait on you, and with your Countenance and Permission, to 
take a Voyage in the Chester to London, to seek a recompence for 
my Service as Store keeper to His Majestys' Office of Ordnance at 
Louisbourg, pursuant to the Certificate and recommendation which 
you and General Pepperrell, were pleased to give me for that pur- 
pose, and to offer my self to enter anew into His Majesty's Service, 
in such Office, as you should think me worthy to sustain, and would 
be pleased to bestow upon me — 

But I was no sooner got to Piscataqua Than the Gov"" of this prov- 
ince desired me to engage in the then intended Expedition ag^* Can- 
ada, with a promise that I should be established a Captain in the said 
Expedition when his Majesty's blank Commissions should arrive, 
which were then daily expected, and in the mean Time he gave me a 
Captains Commission for an armed Brigantine, and another for a foot 
Company, Copys of which are herein inclosed, however when the 
Expedition was given over, & the Forces were dismiss'd, and pay Day 
was come, I was told by the Gentleman, w^ho was Colonel and pay 


Master of the Regiment that the Governor liad determin'd, I should 
have no more than a Lieutenant's Pay, tho' I had two Captain's Com- 
missions then in my Pocket which I received from him as before 
mention'd, and tho' I had never given the least Shadow of Offence to 
the Governor, nor faild in any Point of Duty that I know of, nor can I 
devise any reason for it, but that, he might promote other persons, 
that were more his Favourites and oblige them with the Money nor 
could I be admitted into the Governor's presence to plead my right, 
tho' I had several Times desired it. — Whereupon I apply'd to the 
General Assembly, desiring them to become Intercessors for me, that 
I might not undeservedly be reduced and disgraced, and deny'd the 
pay to which my Commission entitled me, which I understand by the 
Governor's Friends, has made him still more obstinate. A Copy of 
the Memorial is herein also inclosed, which is a full opening of the 
Scene, and on which, I humbly beg that you'l be pleased at a liesure 
Minute, to cast a favourable Glance of your Eye, and to indulge me 
with your Interest, in obtaining Justice in my behalf. 

The notice you was pleased to take of me at Cape Breton, moved 
me to make this Application to you but more especially, the universal 
Character you bear of being a Patron to the distress'd ; a rewarderof 
the well deserving, and just to all mankind. — 

I am conscious that I have fail'd (in some respects) in the Manner 
of my Address, which I hope you will be pleased to excuse, when you 
consider I was bred a Tar and not at Court, and that I am quite un- 
acquainted with the Mode of making an Application to Such a Supe- 
rior. I am Sir, 

your most obed* most obliged, and most devoted humble Serv* 

[Endorsed] Copy to Adm^ Warren Ap^ 1 748. — 


[4~59] [Soldiers at Fort William and Mary, 1747.] 

1747 A List of Soldiers belonging to the Fort 





Rum to Dec ye 8th 

Cap* Tho« Bell 

March 25* 



258 Gills 

Rich'! Perrey . 

— 25 




JosP"^ Langmaid 

— 25 




Benj'' Bell 

— 25 




John Neal 

— 25 




W" Perrey . 

— 25 




Benj» Yeaton 

from June i^' 
to Dec"' 25 




Barn* Crucy 

to Dec"" 25 




Alcock Stevens 

March 25 




Meshech Bell 

Sam'^ Rogers . 

Feby I 



James White . 

March 25 




Christo Indian 

Nov"" I 




The Victualling Acco* of Cap' Thomas Bell Esq"" for the Soldiers 
at Fort William & Mary from the 25''^ of March 1747, to y^ 25"^ March 
1748 Dr 

To Bread 

44 ID'" 


3134 Gills is 97 & I ga'^ & 6 Gills 

This Accompt 
By 5 hh''^ Bread Rece"^ from Cann^ Stores n" 
By 5 hh<^^ D° from y*^ Treasu"" 
B I hh^ D° from D° ... 


By 22 bb^ Pork D° 

By 97f gall & 6 gills Rum D° 



3134 Gills 

Province of ) 
New Hampsh'' \ June 3"^ 1748. I acknowledge to have received from 
George Jaffrey Esqu"" Treasurer the above mentioned Bread Pork & 
Rum for the Use of the Soldiers at Fort William & Mary to the 
twenty fifth day of March last 


\Shirley to WcntivortJi.'] ^ 

[Belknap Papers, Vol. II., p. 264.] 

Sir — I shall be oblig'd to your Excellency if you can assist me in 
the recovery of the within nam'd men. I beg pardon for troubling 
you with the inclosed Scrawl. But the Vessell being to sail for Eng- 
land this morning I have not time to transcribe it, or to add more y" 
y* I am with great regard and esteem. 

Sir — your Excellencys most obedient Humble Servant 

Boston, May 31, 1748 W. Shirley. 

His Excellency Gov'' Wentworth 

[The following names are on the back of the foregoing. — Ed.] 

Capt. Light Capt. Hanson & wife 

Capt. Chesley about Oilman's affair. 

[Shirley to Wentworth, on the Albany Affair.~\ 
[Belknap Papers, Vol. II., p. 265.] 

Boston, June 11"' 1748- 
Sir — His Excellency Governour Clinton having appointed an in- 
terview with the Indians of the six Nations, to be held at Albany the 
tenth of July next, wherein matters of great Importance to the Safety 
and Welfare of all his Majesty's Colonies in North America will be 
transacted, I have at the desire of the General Assembly of this Prov- 
ince ( a copy of whose vote I inclose you) as also of Governour Clin- 
ton, and in consequence of his Majesty's commands to me to join 
with Gov'' Clinton in this service, determined (God willing) to be pres- 
ent at the Interview, attended by Commissioners from this Province ; 
and as a full Representative by Commissioners from all the Northern 
Colonies will have a great tendency to render our Negotiations with 
the Six Nations successful, and fix them in his Majesty's Interest, 
and engage them in carrying on the War against his Majesty's Ene- 
mies, and as other matters may be transacted at the said Congress 
which may be for the lasting Security & advantage of these Colonies, 
I do now upon my own meer motion, and the solicitous desire I have 
that his Majesty's service upon this Continent may be consulted in 
the best manner, and the Interest of all his Colonies there be most 


effectually secured, as well as at the request of the General Assem- 
bly, earnestly desire your Excellency would cause Commissioners to 
be sent from your Governm' to be present at the afores'^ Interview, 
and to consult & join with the other Commissioners therein transact- 
ing the several matters contained & proposed in the inclosed Copy of 
the before mention'd vote. I shall write to all the rest of the English 
Governours from New Hampshire to Maryland — and am with great 
regard, Sir, your Excellency's most obedient Humble servant 

VV. Shirley. 

I have not time to add, except y* I should be glad y"" Exc^' would let 
me have the Expedition Acc*^ w'^'' you design to transmit home. 

His Exc^' Gov' Wentworth. 

[^Proceedings of the General Court of MassacJinsetts relative to the 
''Six Nations" 1748.] 

[Belknap Papers, Vol. H., p. 266.] 

The Committee appointed to take under consideration those parts 
of his Excellency's speech which relate to the meeting of the Com- 
missioners lately held at New York, and to the securing the Indians of 
the Six Nations, as also his Excellency's Message of the 31^' May, 
are humbly of opinion. 

That it is not expedient for the Court at this time to come into any 
new Resolutions respecting the Result of y^ Commissioners who 
lately conven'd at New York — But, that it is of great Importance to 
this Governm' as well as to those on whose Borders the Six Nations 
of Indians are situated, that measures should now be taken for pre- 
serving said Indians in their good affection to his Majesty's Subjects, 
and attachment to his Interest ; and that the Treaty or Interview 
proposed by his Excellency will, in all probability, greatly tend to 
strengthen such affection & attachment ; and as this Government 
have generally appeared by their Commissioners at such Interviews, 
the Committee are of opinion that three Gentlemen be now chosen 
by this Court to attend his Excellency the Governour, and that they 
be impowered, in case any Bounty or Reward shall be found necessary 
in order to encourage the Indians to acts of Hostility against the 
French over & above what may be allowed by his Majesty, to engage 
for the Same t)n the part of this Government, agreeable to such In- 
structions as they shall receive from the Court for this Purpose. 

The Committee are further humbly of opinion, that the Gentlemen 


sent from this Government be instructed by the Court & fully im- 
power'd (with the approbation of his Excellency the Governour) to 
join with any other Governm** who shall be present at this Interview, 
in humbly representing to his Majesty, the distressed state of their 
Governments by means of the French in Canada, the necessity of 
the reduction thereof, and the inability of the several Governments 
to effect the same at their own charge, and humbly praying his Ma- 
jesty's favour in allowing forces to be raised in America for this pur- 
pose at the charge & in the Pay of the Crown, and to order such a 
number of his Maj'^^ ships to be sent up the River St. Lawrence as 
may be thought proper. 

And that his Excellency be desired immediately to advise the sev- 
eral Governments as far as Maryland of this Interview, that as many 
may be present as possible. 

Jacob Wendall, by order. 
In Council June 8, 1748, Read & sent down. 

In the House of Represent^^' June 8, 1748, Read & Ordered that 
this Report be accepted, & that Mr. Tyng, Col" Heath & Capt. Row- 
ell, with Such as ihe Hon^'^ Board shall join, be a Committee to wait 
upon his Excellency & lay the same before him accordingly. 

Sent up for concurrence. T. Hutchinson, Spk"" 

In Council June 10, 1748 Read & concurr'd & Sir William Pep- 
perell & Sam' Danforth Esq. are joined in the affair 

By order of the Board, 

Wm. Pepperell. 

Copy Examin'd pr. J. Willard, Sec^. 

[4-64] ^Instructions to Governor Wentworth, 1748.] 

By the Lords Justices — 

Gower C P S. 
Bedford Additional Instruction to Benning Wentworth Esq' 
Montagu His Majesties Governor and Commander in Chief in 
Pembroke and Over the Province of New Hampshire in New 
England In America, or to the Commander in Chief of the 
Seal said Province For the time being — 

Given at Whitehall the Thirtieth day of June 1748 — In 
the Twenty Second Year of His Majesties Reign — 


Whereas it hath been represented unto his Majesty that you hav- 
ing in His Majesty's Name, and by virtue of your Commission, issued 
a writ to the Sheriff of the Province under your Government, com- 
manding him to make out Precepts directed to the Select men of Cer- 
tain Towns, Parishes, and Districts therein mentioned. For the Elec- 
tion of fit Persons, qualified in Law, to represent them in the general 
Assembly Appointed to be held at Portsmouth within The said Prov- 
ince on the 24''^ day of January 1744/5 (^Y which writ the Towns of 
South Hampton and Chester, and the Districts of Haverhill, and of 
Methuen and Dracut, and the District of Rumford were impowered 
to Choose Representatives as aforesaid) The said General Assembly 
did refuse to admit the Persons duly Elected to represent the said 
Towns and Districts, To sit and vote in the Choice of a Speaker, And 
whereas the Right of sending Representatives to the said Assembly 
was founded originally on the Commissions and Instructions given By 
the Crown to the respective Governors of the Province of New Hamp- 
shire, and His Majesty may therefore lawfully extend the Privilege 
of sending Representatives to such New Towns as His Majesty shall 
judge to be worthy thereof — 

It is therefore His Majesties Will and Pleasure, and you are hereby 
directed and Required to dissolve the Assembly of the Province Un- 
der your Government as soon as Conveniently may be, and when 
another is called to issue His Majesties Writ to the Sheriff of the 
said Province commanding him to make out Precepts directed to the 
select men of the Towns of Southampton and Chester, the Districts 
of Haverhill and of Methuen and Dracut, and the District of Rum- 
ford, requireing them to Cause the Freeholders of the said Towns 
and Districts To assemble to Elect fit Persons to represent the said 
Towns and Districts in General Assembly, in manner following. Viz' 
One for the Town of Southampton, one for the Town of Chester, one 
for the District of Haverhill, One for the District of Methuen and 
Dracutt, And one for the District of Rumford, And It is His Majes- 
ties further Will and Pleasure, That you do support the Rights of 
such Representatives when Chose, and that you Do likewise signifie 
His Majesties Pleasure Herein to the Members of the said General 
Assembly. — 

Extract of that part of His Majesty's Additional Instruction, de- 
termining the Right of sending Representatives to such New Towns 
as His Majesty shall judge worthy thereof. To be In the Crown — 

Copy P2xamin'd '^ Theodore Atkinson Sec'^' 



[A Fragviciit, Dated July 8, 1748, Endorsed'' IV. to ^."] 

As to y'^ Present of Plate ^l"^ I have said eno' of it, & had it not 
been necessary, to convince you of w^ pass'd between You & M*' 
Dwight on y* Occasion as to y^ Perquisites, in w'^'^ I doubted not his 
Integrity in an impartial Acco* of, I should not have mentioned it, 
w^ I have said as to it's being a Secrett to some, I had a Particular 
Caution given me especially not to mention it to two of my Captains, & 
if this was not from Your Excell>' w* I am not certain in, it was from 
one of y^ Family, Y'' Ex : well knew. S'"" before you wrote y^ Letf y*^ 
no compulsive Methods were taken to effect y^ Point, & y'''=fore w"" 
humble Submission I think y' Brigd"" Dwight & myself were not well 
treated, in y'^ Suggestion y* y^ false & scandalous Reports, w^'^ were 
spread were owing to our Extorting y'' propos'd Contribution from y^ 
Officers upon hearing of w* you are pleased to say, I well knew, you 
instantly desired us both to return y*^ Notes we had taken, should that 
Talk be ever reviv'd w'^'' I hope it will not, & least y"" Ex : should again 
call upon us for a Narrative of y^ proceeding, I must say y' y^ Town 
had it for a full Month before my officers Letf to me on y' head was 
wrote w'^'* was y" 25 Feb'>' & on y'^ 14 March you ordered y^ Notes to 
be return'd, & after y^ Letts'' I wrote you on y^ 15 March, y^ y^ Offi- 
cers would upon y"" offer of being return'd refuse y^ taking y'", w* I 
did think might be y"^ Case, nothing was said about y'" by y"" Ex : or 
y^ officers, or any in y'' behalf till Col" Bourn ask'd me if I had Or- 
ders from y' Ex : to return his Sons Notes, w'^'' I afterw'^ had y'' writ- 
ten Order for, & sometime after y' M'' Shirley came w''' L' Noble, & 
desir'd I would give up his, & M'" Kent afterw^^ came from y"" Ex : for 
his, y^ others I dehver'd back without any other Orders than those 
contain'd in Y^'oi y^ 14 March ; y^ I know not of any other refusal than 
yS or y"^ saying much less insisting on y'^ Return of y'^ Notes after- 
wards, so y^ You did never particularly say one Word, & consequently 
never prest y^ Return of y'" upon me y^ I know of, very contrary to 
my Expectation & w' I had given y'' Ex : reason from mine of y^ 1 5 
to expect, several of Y Officers came soon after and asked for theirs, 
I dont mention these particulars out of a Repugnancy to y"" Ex : 
Declarations on y* head, but y' you may not think or depend on my 
knowing or saying more of y'^ affair than I have here mentioned, w' 
y'^ Ex : might say to Col° Dwight I am unacquainted with, so can only 
answer for myself. 

Y'' Ex : is pleas'd to say You are very sensible of my former At- 
tachm' to you, & y^your Attachm* to my Interest has been reciprocall, 
I am sensible of every Obligation I am under to Y"" Ex : & do keep 


in my mind an exact Account of Debt & Credit, the ballance I be- 
lieve is well known to y* World, tho' I never took pains or gave hints 
except when I thought myself injured by y"" Ex : & y' to you only, to de- 
monstrate in whose favour it was, I thank you for every favour that I 
have receiv'd & others that you were inclin'd to do me, & w"^'^ you 
would have done to y^ Preservation of my best Interest & Estate had 
not y'^ Western Torrent prevented ; The Instance you are pleased to 
hint of my quarrelling with you upon I should willingly have excus'd 
ever saying anything farther about, but I am forc'd to say y* I paid 
a good Price for y' favour w'^^' I take to be my Sons Com" while I was 
at Louisbourg, & an extravagant Purchase was afterw^^ made of it by 
his application & industry here in Drawing of my Tenants who were 
indebted to me above ;£4000 Sterls, w* had they had the Protection, 
due all y^ Kings Subjects under your Governm^ His Maj'>'^ Interest, 
the real Service of y*^ Province & my own particular Interest would 
have been greatly promoted. My Son has been many Years of Age 
to Act for himself, & from y^ Accounts I have had of his Conduct, 
he has done no dishonour to the Com" to w'^'' w%ut raising a Man on 
his or my part he had certainly a much better pretension to, than any 
Cap' y* was on y*^ Louisbourg Expedition : I have forgott no favours 
I ever receiv'd from y"" Ex : but every one I ever did for you, w'^^ I 
confess were short of my Inclinations, are, I think quite forgotten. 
I am sensible that a Mans upbraiding another of a favour done him is 
paying himself ; I shall not treat y'' Ex : in this wise, but as I have 
an Expectation of some Reparation from your Ex : its necessary that 
I let you know w' you may possibly be desirous I should forget as you 
have done : I could if I was ill natur'd retort on y'^ frequent passages 
in y"" Ex : Letter of y"" exposing y"" Fortune & Interest, but I am con- 
scious y"^ Ex : knows my meaning. I would expose Fortune & Inter- 
est & even Life to serve any Man, that I thought myself as much 
indebted to as once I expected to be to y'' Kxf^ Modesty will not 
permit my going into particulars. 

You are pleased, S'"" to do me great Honour in saying that the Con- 
tinuance of my Friendship you shall be glad of, but if it is not to be 
purchas'd without incurring His Maj'^* Displeasure by a breach of 
your Trust it is w' You wont do to gain or keep the good Will of any 
Person whatever, if I ever offered any thing to y"" Ex : y' particularly 
related to y^ Trust His Maj'>' has repos'd in You it was the Cover of 
his expos'd Subjects on y'= Eastern Frontiers, who were equally enti- 
tled to your Protection with y*^ other Inhabitants of this Province, y' 
his Maj'y has pleas'd to put under Y"^ Governm' & Command, how 
far you made a point of it your Ex : well knows, but this I can't think 
is w' you now hint at, but y' of your having my Vouchers & y''^ given 


up too in y^ precipitant Manner your Letf of yesterday requir'd w^"" 
must be without any Precautions for my own Preservation, was very 
extraordinary, wou'd your Ex : have me think that his Maj'>' ei'er 
expected from y"" hands my Vouchers w"^^ if you did not obtain, you 
should incur his Displeasure, Sure S'"" such an Impression can never 
be made on me. 

In Return to what I have said of my having given full Demonstra- 
tion of my Attachm* to you, & y' at no small Expence of my private 
Fortune in G. Britain you are pleas'd to say " I cant allow S'"" that I 
am one Penny in your Debt for any Expence on my Account there ; 
you was upon your own Business ; and as to any Extraordinary Ex- 
pence you might be at in two Journeys to Sussex, two to Coventry, 
Sundrys to Barnet, Postage Coachhire & Waterage on Account of my 
Service, you have charged me in your last Account from England for 
them ;^20,, 8,, 6 w* you indeed say they exceeded " Let the Con- 
sequence of my reply be what it will, I must tell y"" Ex : y' had your 
Circumstances been equal to the Com" his Maj'>' favour'd you w"' w^'^ 
I assert to you & can prove was obtain 'd purely thro' my means & 
Application, I should expected from y^ Opinion I then had of your 
Generosity & Gratitude that you were a larger Sum than the Penny 
in my Debt for Expence purely on your Account in England, I was 
not on my Business or my own Account, nor did negotiate any dur- 
ing the whole time of my being there, except w' was intended purely 
for your Benefit, tho' at y*' same time, I had a View to y*^ Protection 
of my own Property, w'^'^ had been unjustly invaded ; You know I 
could have made Terms with M'' Belcher, before I embark'd, but you 
persuaded me not to Trust him, & my own Resentm' hurryed me on, 
or I should have been I verily believe in much better Circumstances 
than I at present am, I can very easily prove to y"" Ex : by living- 
Witnesses that I had no other Business in England than Yours, & y* 
I apply'd myself steadily thereto, & omitted nothing that I thought 
just & reasonable for y"" Service w^'' y'" Exi^ I believe once thought, 
the L""^ w'^'' you easily prevailed on me to deliver up, on my Return, 
must have, if you were now to inspect them, convinc'd you, y' you 
had such Sentiments of me, why these L''Hvere burnt by you I know 
not, if those I from time to time sent y"" Ex : had y'' same Fate I can 
furnish y"" Copy for your Speculation, & I have y^ Pleasure to tell you 
that I this Morning found Duplicates, or Triplicates of every Lett'' 
you wrote me, while I was at London, to y^ Number as M"" Lebloud 
tells me of One hundred & Fifty two, thereby I can evidence to y"" 
Ex : y* you had different Sentim'^ of my Services to w* You now Ac- 
knowledge, I have already said I had no Business of my own to Carry 
or Detain me there, I told y' Ex : before I embark'd my Intentions 


in your Favour, & did expect to be back'd by some power full 
Interest of y"^ Friends, but was greatly disappointed & had not I 
assure You any Assistance from them, but on y^ Contrary they were 
timorous of y^ Consequence of your Appointment and would do 
nothing the Duke said if anything amiss should happen it would be 
retorted by the Antiministerial men. 

You were a Sus — x Man, in short every thing that w^as done, You 
know already & possibly may not have forgot from w' Quarter it came ; 
As to my Service I now leave you to judge as you please, but I must 
do Justice to IVP Kilby in assuring you his Application in your behalf 
was of y^ greatest Importance, he ma}' have been rewarded, I am not. 
The latter Part of this Paragraph importing my Charge in y*-" last 
Acco** I sent you from England of ;£20„ 8„ 6, y' Ex : sure has not 
lately seen y* Acco^* for I deny there being any such pittyful Article 
of Charge therein, I have the Original now before me the Debt 
am° to ^^664,, 1 1„ 6 & y^ C^ to ;;^685 — dated London Sep'' 24, 1741, 
and at y*^ foot thereof is inserted " Note I have charged nothing for 
my Journeys to Sussex, two to Cov^entry, Sundrys to Barnet, nor any- 
thing for Postage, Coachhire & Waterage w'^^ except y^ Journeys I 
kept no Account of & they am° to much more than this Ballance " 
and if this Article stands in y^ form w"> y"" Ex :, I am surpriz'd that 
you should so misrepresent it, — I hinted y^ y' you might not think I 
used your Money, & at y^ same time to let you know, y' w" y"' Cir- 
cumstances would admit of it that I should expect a reasonable Al- 
lowance for my Services, w*^'' were evidently employed for yours, & y* 
Reason I did not make any Charge was, that I knew of a Certainty, 
y^ you could not afford to make me a Reimbursement, or even an Ac- 
knowledgement y' could be suppos'd equal to y'" tho' I had a good 
Opinion of y' Ex : Generosity, & did expect at some time or other I 
should have a grateful Return, but y^ is not y^ first disappointm^ I 
have met with, Y'" Ex : might have gone from y*^ last Account I sent 
you from England to one I delivered you here, )'e afores^ Sum of 
Debt & Credit are I find continued w'''out a Ballance drawn, & to y^ 
D' is added a Charge of ^3, 13 — for Postage of vour Com" to y^ 
Mast Ship 52^ oz w'"' y' Box 16'^ Porters** of y^ Com" 1/ 2 Lett''^ 8"^, 
w''^ reduces y^ BalK'^ to £i6„ 15,, 6 Sterls & y» Ballance if I did not 
Respond in y^ Account we afterw^^ settled was owing to forgetfulness 
& not a Design of taking this as an Adequate to all my P^xpences on 
y"" Account w" I told you y*" Expence of y*" Journeys only am" to a 
much larger Sum for my Extra Expences amount to much more than 

y* Sum even at Cobham, in going to Visit good M''* S who you 

knew well y*-" Situation of w" I arriv'd in England ; the poor Lady 
was greatly dispirited, had been in Quest of a thing of about ^200 — 


a year, & given over all Expectation of Success, & y' Ex : knows well 
y* She was so willing to accept of anything, that after I had carryed 
the Affair of your acceding to y*" Governm' so farr, as y' y"""^ was a 
good Prospect in My Imagination of Success, she would have given 
up y"" Pretent"" to it for y*^ Chief Justiceship of Gibralter, w*^'' I had 
difficulty in bringing her off from, in fine S'"", none of y"" Friends in 
England had y'^ like Sentim^^ of my Services as you declare, and there 
are many Gentlemen y"^ PYiends will think I deserved a much 

larger Sum, than was ever proposd to M"" & he will I am sure 

also think so "You are pleased further to say" But then again if 
you will Consider y^ you took up ;^300 Sterl^' of M' Chaunccy Town- 
send in England on Pretence, as you exprest y'self in y'^ Acco'"* of my 
Occasions wanting it & upon my Credit but in reallity for your own 
Service, which I paid him instantly on your desire & took an Obliga- 
tion to him upon myself in a manner w'^'^ no Person would choose to 
be obliged in, & for w'='' you paid him no Interest for y^ four Months, 
at y^ End of w'^'' it was payable I believe it may fully ballance the Ac- 
count, but if that does not there are many Services w^'^ I never charged 
you for in Your Absence, w^'' would greatly over Ballance Accounts " 
Sure S'"" You could never have said these things without an Expecta- 
tion of an Answer, to y*' first part of this Paragraph be pleas'd to 
take this, that on y^ i8 Aug*^' 1739 ^^ y"^ desire & for your Honour I 
paid a protested Bill of yours of ^^152,, 7 — Sterls to Mess""^ Lane & 
Caswell & receiv'd no more than ;^ioo Sterl^ to enable me so to do, 
so y* I was in advance of ^52,, 7,, Sterl^ on y*" Acco' about two Years, 
y^ Interest of w'^'* was more than equivalent to y^ ;^300 for 4 months 
to M"" Townsend, but y* you say I paid him no Interest for, nor do I 
suppose you did, for he absolutely refus'd to take any Interest or 
Consideration for that time, unless y"" Ex. or myself, would send him 
some of our wild Geese in lieu thereof, Y"" Ex : has receiv'd of me 
y^ Principal & I will engage to satisfy M"" Townsend for y*^ Interest, 
w" I see him if he pleases to accept of it, w* I am very certain he 
will not ; w" I took y^ Money it was near Winter & uncertain whether 
I might reach y*" Coast or not, & I having no Confidence y' y" young 
people I left in y^ managem^ of my Affairs would remit him y** Money 
as soon as "my Engagem^ might require, I represented to him, y' it 
would be as well for your Interest as mine to have y' Loan, w"'out w'^'' 
I could not w"* Honour leave England, & as I had y*^ Charge of sev- 
eral Affairs y' respected you this Suggestion was not a bare Pretence, 
In fine S" necessity of taking y*^ Money was brought upon me 
purely on your Ace* as you then knew, tho' you have suffered your- 
self since to forgett y* y^ three Years time I expended in England 
must be attended with great Expence, & y* it was purely my Zeal for 


y^ Service of You & your Family, w*^*" then needed every good office 
I could, do 'em, that occasioned my Voyage there, & brought on me 
tribble y*" Expence of y^ Sum, w*^*^ I expected You, as you were then 
Gov"" of y'^ Province, would not have hesitated one Moment to reim- 
burse him, and as I had expended more than thrice that Sum in Eng- 
land on your Acc^ & as I finally succeeded in my Attempts in your 
Favour I expected y* you would have thought it y*^ least You could 
do, in answering y^ Sum on your own AccS & y' I should never have 
heard anything more of it, unless your Desire y' I would consent to 
your taking it upon y'self, & discharging me from that Demand, as 
had 3^^ Case been mine as it was yours, I affirm I should without hes- 
itation have done, y^ only Enducem'to my telling you it was properly 
my Debt, was y^ I feared if I had insisted y^ it was or ought to be 
yours, you might have deferred y'^ Remittance untill a personal Inter- 
view or Settlement between us, & M"" Townsend by y^ means be kept 
out of his Money, Y'' Ex : can't suppose y^ y* Sum was taken upon 
yo"" Credit from a Person y' knew nothing of you, I doubt not I could 
easily procure from him a Certificate accordingly But if you thought 
otherwise Your Obligations are to him, & I am content. I think I 
made y"" Ex : in y^ Application no small Complim', but how y"" Ex : 
can charge me with Interest on y^ Sum borrow'd of my Friend, I 
can't conceive unless you paid it, & in y^ Case I will readily reimburse 
it, as I will do if you afford me no Money y^ Ballance of y^ Sterling 
Account which I did not know was due, nor am I sensible it yet is, 
untill I enquire into y^ Sum I gave you my Bond for, w*^'' included y* 
;^300 : your Ex : can't think I ever intended to have accepted this 
pittifull Ballance of £16. 15. 6 for my Expence & Services on y"" 
Ace' at London ; no S" I scorn it, & will never give You an Oppor- 
tunity of Ballancing y'' Ace' w"^ me in such wise as you now pretend, 
& if in y'' Law or any other Practice you have any Subsisting demands 
on me, I begg to know w' it is, & you shall not be an hour w"^out your 
Pay, if I find its not part of y^ many little Demands, w"^' to my Re- 
membrance you were paid while I was in England — You never 
brought me in a Bill w'''out my paying it, & moreover I gave you a 
large Portion in Eastern Lands without any Consideration, w*^'' if you 
apprehend of no Consequence as I really Think from your little No- 
tice of y' Country is y*" Case, I will be glad to receive them back in 
lieu of y^ great Expence of time & Money I was at on your Acco" w*^'' 
from your Lett'■^ M""^ Shirleys & mine, & many living Witnesses at 
London I can now convince y"" Ex : I have good Pretence to & in 
Justice and Equity I think you can do no less, & y' I ought to insist 
for a Consideration as I now do, & you are well able to pay. If y"" 
Ex : has so happy a Way as this you have laid down to me of Bal- 


lancing Acco'% if you could live but 50 years, & were disposed for 
Trade, you would infallibly make all America if not Europe, your own 

You afterwards are pleas'd to go on to say " You was & still are 
heartily welcome to such Triffles as I have just now mentioned I as- 
sure y"" Ex. y*^ Triffle is so small y^ I can't perceive it, or I would 
thank y"" Ex. for it, if it was worth Acceptance, sure S"' it is much 
more imaginary than y^ Obligation you are pleased to say I mention'd 
to you, w*^'' you are pleas'd to say, w"'out a just ground on my part, 
you'll not take upon yo"" self : I should be glad to know if there is any 
thing that's in y^ Power of Man to do, that can enduce y"^ Ex : to 
think it an Obligation — tho' after all You say, "I freely acknowledge 
many Proofs of your Attachm' to me there tho' I can't allow your being 
out of Pocket one Penny for me," this is no more surprising than many 
other Declarations cf your Exc : ; I never, I assure y"" Ex: laboured 
a Day more heartily in the Service of my own Family, than I did three 
Years in Yours, therefore Judge who will, whether y*^ Consequence 
thereof would not be attended with a Penny disburs'd out of Pockett, 
I can't suppose y' y^ Numbers of L''® I received from you while in Lon- 
don w*'^ a Number of Proofs of your (I won't say imaginary) Zeal &'=' for 
his Maj'*>'^ Service, L''^ inclos'd to great Numbers of different People, 
Certificates &*=' Cost me less Money than y'' poor Ballance w'^'' I before 
noted, I hope You'll in due time have a proper Idea, of w* I have done 
for your Service, & from y^ Papers found y^ Morning I shall no doubt be 
able to give you, (when Ive leisure as its possible I may hereafter have 
much) y^ needfuU Specimens to convince you y^ I was not so insignifi- 
cant to Your Interest as you & only You S'"" can imagine, for I am 
certain all your own Family y* were at y* time capable of Speculation 
must know & have Sentiments of these things different from what 
Y"" Ex. now expresses, sure Miss Wilmott who wrote many of your 
L"^ may Refresh Y' Ex : Memory about some things That may have 
slipt it, & to her for y^ present I begg leave to Appeal and could She 
be prevailed on to think herself a proper Person I would submit the 
whole to her determination, & be ever silent hereafter or form my 
Expectations from her declarations, which must be y^ your Exc : is at 
least very forgetfull. 

I am obliged to y'' Ex : for proposing to make me such an Allow- 
ance for my trouble in paying of my Regiment as would be satisfac- 
tory to any reasonable Gent", w^'^out interfearing w'^ y*^ Kings or 
Soldiers Right, also for y^ Command you bestow'd on me after my 
Return from Louisbourg ; on w* Occasion you are pleased to remark 
as follows " And I must needs say, that considering your late Regi- 
ment was ready raised to your hands before you return'd to Boston 


from Louisbourg or it was known whom I should ajopoint to Com- 
mand it, & did not as I ever hear'd add ten Men to it of your own 
raising & y' M"" Knowles & I have given you a Certificate for Pay 
of 30/ Sterl^ "^ Day for your Command as General — over & above 
Your Pay as Colonel of your late Regiment, I am sure you will have 
no Reason to complain of y'^ amount of your Pay & Perquisites & 
that I have not had a just Regard to your Interest as well as savings 
for y^ Crown," I apprehend S'"" upon a Scrutiny into y'^ Rolls y'' Ex : 
will find y^ scarce one halfe of y® Regiment was raised on my return 
from Louisbourg on y*" 26"^ of June, & y* you may remember my 
Serviceableness in raising no very small part of your Regiment there, 
and sure I could not be here at y^ same time I was doing duty there, 
& after my return I made no such Attempt to y^ raising my Regi- 
ment here, nor was it necessary, & I should not have taken the En- 
listm* of a Man, had not one or two Fellows insisted on enlisting 
with me & no other Person, but at Louisbourg y° Number I enlisted 
was not limitted to so few as 20 times ten & unless I had there ap- 
pear'd in behalf of your Regiment ; prompted thereto by specious 
Promises. You would have had as few Men there as I raised for my 
late Regiment here, if y"" Ex : had bestow'd y^ Command on y^ Offi- 
cer who rais'd y^ most Men, One y' is now a Subaltern would proba- 
bly have had it, but I apprehend y"' Ex. must be sensible y' y^ Eyes 
of y^ People were on me for y* Command, & I am very much obliged 
to M"" Warren which I shall always acknowledge for his Friendship in 
this Affair, tho' I cant suppose I then needed an Advocate w*^ y"" Ex: 

I am also obliged to y'' Ex : and M"" Knowles for y*^ Pay given me 
of 30/ '^ Day, tho' I then was & still am of Opinion that Allowance 
to me was not equall to y'^ Pay I might have expected w='' I appre- 
hended should have been at least 50/ Sterls more a Day, w^'^ had it 
been accordingly given me, I should not have had a less right to y^ 
Perquisites of y'= Regiment w"''' is all I now claim, & if your Ex. 
abridge me in any Reasonable part thereof, I apprehend S'"' it will be 
a Violation of y*' Publick Trust as well as a manifest Injustice to a 
private Man, & upon y^ y"" Ex. declaration that Affair will at Present 

The Paper I mentioned to y'' Ex. I cant suppose if mixt w"^ y'' other 
Papers will be found before yo"^ Departure, but if in yo"" Absence M' 
Shirley has y"" directions for searching for it, & letting me see it Can- 
cell'd I shall esteem of y^ favour. 

I am sorry y' I have been under a Necessity of going into y^ 
Length, but if it convinces y"" Ex : y' you are mistaken in any one 
Point, more especially my London unrewarded Services I shall have 
therein ample Satisfaction, and if y^ Concessions T have made should 


have y*^ further & more desired Effect of y*^ Adjustm' of all y'-' De- 
pendan.cys of y'^ late Regim' & y' no future Cavils or Uneasiness may 
arise I shall think myself happy Truth y'' Ex : has often formerly said 
will have its weight, & I hope you have latterly experienc'd so, tho' 
you have in a few Instances been pleased to quarrel with me for too 
closely adhering to it on some points in a former Letf as well as late 
one to you ; If I have been at this Juncture too free in declaring my- 
self you'll I hope excuse me & if I have discovered any Warmth y'" 
Ex. has given y*^ sole Cause therefor & will I hope overlook it. 

In fine S'"" I think I have offered a Complyance w*"^ every reasona- 
ble thing you can propose, & by giving y"" Ex. all the Pay Rolls I have 
fully done my part already, y® giving Bonds I never intended, engaged 
or agreed to do, w*^*^ is an unreasonable Demand in this Case, but if 
y*^ attested Copy of y^ Vouchers will answer every Purpose y"" Ex. in- 
tended thereby — W^"^ if customary or required in Great Britain to 
be given in You shall have to send there, w" I have compleated my 
Paym*° and moreover on your giving me sufficient Bonds of Indem- 
nity you shall in y' Case also have y^ Originals w" y*^ Pay of y*^ Regi- 
ment is compleated and as I am by y'' Act of Parliam* a principal 
Party I cant think either of these can with any Propriety or right in 
y'' Ex : be Demanded of me, I am not a Clerk or Agent to y"" Ex. in 
y^ Affair, but have yet y^ Power of Acting as Colonel of a Regiment 
in every thing depending, tho' you are pleased to say I have not. Y"^ 
Ex. on Acco* of y^ Regiments being broke may as well dispute my 
right to my own Pay. If as I said in my former an Inspection & y^ 
nicest Scrutiny of any Persons you shall appoint as to y'^ genuiness 
of y*" Ballance of my Acco* of ^1805. 11.4! Sterl^ w'^'' some days 
since I exhibited to y"" Ex. by M"" H — in order to obtain a Reim- 
bursem' of y' Sum w*^'^ I am actually in Advance will answer your 
Ends you shall have all y^ imediate Satisfaction you please on y' head, 
w* is as great a Concession as I can possibly offer towards making y' 
Ex. easy in this Affair ; Y"" Ex. declaring y"^ I have no Right to my 
own Vouchers is I think as extraordinary in its Nature as any thing 
I ever heard of, sure no Person on Earth can think y' any other than 
myself has y^ least right to them, tho' a Sight of y™ I have not deny'd 
nor ever will- 1 to anyone, I have done nothing thro' y® whole Course 
of y^ Affair, But I can justify to his Maj^y, who I can't suppose will 
ever think on these Affairs, should they come before him as y"" Ex. 
does all y' I expect is, y' y"^ Ex. now makes good to me y^ deserters as 
well as dead Mens Pay, & y^ y^ remaining honour of y*^ Regiment rest 
with me, as to any Extraordinary Allowance You propose for y'^ trou- 
ble You may justly apprehend I have had in paying of y*^ Regim*, I 
can't fairly expect any, therefore I utterly renounce any thoughts 


thereof being satisfied with my Perquisites, which I will not share 
with any One. 

I have since writing y*^ foregoing receiv'cl Y'' Exc>'- of this date in re- 
turn to y^ few Lines I wrote you Yesterday Morning desiring you would 
be pleased to explain y^'self as to y^ Pay of y^ Deserters Which had I 
received in time might have govern'd me in my aforegoing Answer, & 
drawn our depending Affairs nearer to a Close — but I find nothing 
in Y"" Ex. Letf but yr Expectation of my final Resolution, whether I 
will account with you or not, & a Recital of w* I wrote y"^ Ex. ; & 
you finally conclude y' you look upon that Letter of mine to be no 
Answer, the Purport of it carry'd no such Appearance, & I should 
have been surpriz'd if you had taken it to be an Answer, but I am 
much more so y^ y"" Ex. is thus unkind in keeping from me y"" real In- 
tention to w'^'^ I am as much a Stranger as y® dead of my late Regim* 
are, how long I shall continue so is not easy to judge, but y^ Mystery 
will doubtless be known at London where I shall as soon as possible 
make y*^ needfull enquiry w* I have done to deserve this uncommon 
cruel, and unkind Treatm'. I am in the meantime with all due re- 

Yo^ Ex. Most Faithful & Obedient Hum'^^^ Serv' 

Boston July 8'^ 1748 

P S Your Ex. would not answer me as to y^ Affair of y^ desert- 
ers, but M"" Hutchinson tells me y* you & M"" Knowles settled y' Af- 
fair, & y^ no Pay is to be allowed for them, I was as much deceived as 
impos'd on in this Affair, w^*' its very strange should be to y^ very day 
kept a Secrett from me ; the Reason of its being so I can no other 
ways Account for, than that y"" Ex. must know I would not have con- 
cern'd myself w''' y^ Paying the Regim*, in w'^'^ I have spent above 
Eight Months time, w^'^ Confinem' has brought me into such a Habit 
of Body, that I shall never get rid of — The dead Mens pay will not 
be of y^ Consequence of ;^ioo Sterl^ that unless I condescend to 
realize a part of y*" Contingencys w'^'' God forbid, I shall not receive 
Porters Wages by this Scheme which I have a Right to dissent from, 
Y"" Ex. well knows what pass'd between us on this Head, and that I 
am actually deceived herein, 

I can't think y" Affair was known to M"" Knowles I take him to 
be a Man of more Generosity & Honour than to have omitted inform- 
ing me of it ; I believe that M"" H is mistaken & y' its done since 

y'^ declining y^ ^{^1400 present ; when that was agreed on, I am per- 
suaded You promis'd me & Col" Dwight every Perquisite incident to 
a Regim' & y"* you dont deny, tho' you say you don't remember. But 
you must needs think S'*', that had such a determination as this of 
stripping us of y*^ Benefit of Deserters been taken previous hereto, 


& it had been known to Brig : Dwight & myself, the Contribution 
towards your Sumpture, & defraying y*^ Expence of your pious Deeds, 
& charitable Designs part of W^'^ last was enjoyn'd you, you are pleas'd 
to say, by your late (most excellent) Lady in her last Minets, would not 
have rose as it did ; I can't suppose S^"" it would have amounted to 
more than one of those Triffles, to w'^'^ you told me I was welcome, 
be pleased to know that y*^ whole of y' Subscription was owing to our 
favouring it, w*^'' you could not have expected had your Scheme about 
y^ Deserters been known. 

M"" Hutchinson was with me this Evening & assure me that you 
are determined not to send home y® Vouchers, & y' you are convincd 
there is no Occasion for it, & y' I may rely on it y* you want them 
only for your own Satisfaction, should I give y'" to y'' Ex : tis possi- 
ble you might afterwards determine otherways, for if you have y'" & 
■do not send y"^ home accordingly ; how can you dispence w"^ y* 
Promise You have given y* Paymaster Gen' or y^ Injunctions of his 
Maj'y on y^ Head communicated as you are pleased to say by his 
Grace y^ Duke of New Castles Letter — But I think Y"" Ex'^y may 
possibly have y^ Views of paying off y** remaining Living Dead, & 
Deserters yourself, by your now afresh desiring a List of the Men 
unpaid, which I cant with Safety or Propriety give Y"" Ex :, but will 
myself when I am enabled by Y"" Ex. or otherways to do it. Pay all 
those that have just Claims their full due, & for y"^ remainder, I shall 
choose to be determined in Great Britain. 

[^Shirley to Wcnt%vorth.'\ 
[Belknap Papers, Vol. H., p. 267.] 

Boston, Aug*' 24, 1748 
Sir — I am sorry to hear by my sons yHhey left you indispos'd with 
a flux, and hope you are by this time recovered 

.The occasion of my troubling you with this, is to desire the favour 
of you to furnish me with the accounts of the charges incurr'd on 
account of the late intended Expedition ag*' Canada in your Excel- 
lency's Government, y' I may transmit 'em to the Secretary of State's 
office liquidated and adjusted according to his Maj'^*^ orders signify'd 
to Mr. Knowles and me in the Duke of New Castle's letter, as soon 
as will suit your conveniency : For I am uneasy lest I should be blam'd 
for delay in the execution of those orders. 

Mr. Clinton and I parted with the Indians at Albany as fair as could 
possibly be expected : But I doubt the two Castles of the Mohawks 


will regret the opportunity being taken away by the peace, of reveng- 
ing the loss of some of their principal men. 

I beg the favour of you to make my Compliments Acceptable to 
Col. Atkinson, and am w''^ great regard and esteem. Sir, 
Your Excellency's most obedient, Humble Servant 

W. Shirley. 
His Exc>' Gov'' Wentworth. 

[4-66] \Ordcr to Captain Job Cleincut.'\ 

Portsm" September 26 1748 
S"" I am Comanded by his Excelency the Governour to Inform you 
that tis his Orders that on the 30*'' Instant you Dismiss the men un- 
der your Comand from the Service and that you take no more Pro- 
vision from the Store then may be absolutely necessary for carrying 
them to their respective Places of Abode or from whence they were 

By his Excelencys orders from Your ffriend 

Theodore Atkinson 
the men must be upon Duty till the last of this month & then 
Discharged — 
To Cap* Job Clements at roster [Rochester] 

[S/iij'hy to IVetitworth.'] 

[Belknap Papers, Vol. II., p. 268.] 

Boston, Sepf 27, 1748. 
Sir — Having reason to be under some concern from my last let- 
ters, least inconveniences should arise from my delay of transmitting 
home the acc'^ of the Expedition ag^* Canada, w'='' wait only for your 
Excellency's, I hope you will excuse me, if I beg the favour of you 
to quicken those of your Troops ; and to let you know I was oblig'd 
to send an excuse to the Secretary of State for my delay by the last 
ships ; and y' I must at all events send the ace* home by the mast 
ships, whether your Excellency's are ready or not ; and you will be 
pleas'd to consider, it will take me up some time to extract, and 
liquidate yours, and reduce 'em into a part with the others, before I 
can transmit 'em. I am with great regard, 

Sir, your Excellencys most obedient. Humble servant, 

VV. Shirley. 
His P2xcy Gov'' Wentworth. 


\_SJiirley to Wentzvorth.'\ 
[Belknap Papers, Vol. II., p. 271.] 

Boston, Nov'' 7, 1748. 

Sir — I would beg the favour of your Excell^ to deliver the inclos'd 
to my Son and Mr. Mark Wentworth ; and take this opportunity of 
acquainting you y' Major Oilman presented three Muster Rolls of a 
Company mention'd to have been muster'd by him as Captain, under 
the seal of this Province with Certificates for me to sign, certifying y* 
the attestation of Colonel Moulton before whom they were sworn as a 
Justice of the Peace, was such an one as ought to have Credit given 
to it, and also several papers pur^Dorting to be copies of your Excell^* 
Orders to him to raise a company, examin'd by Notary Publick Moul- 
ton, & others sworn before him, to be certify'd by me in like manner 
under the province Seal ; w*^^ as I took to be irregular, I refused sign- 
ing ; whereupon he went and demanded the Province seal to be put 
to 'em of the Secretary, by a notary publick, w"^'^ was refused then by 
him, and Oilman has got the demand and refusal exemplified by the 
Notary Publick ; and had his papers afterwards put under the notary 
publick's seal — all w'^^ I thought it would not be improper for me to 
apprise your Exc^ of, as I suppose his papers are design'd to be made 
use of ag*' you in England. I am with great regard and esteem 
Sir, your Excellency's most obedient. Humble servant 

W. Shirley. 

I suspect an old friend of yours to have instigated Oilman to make 
a demand in form of the province Seal. 
His Exc^ Oov'' Wentworth. 

\^SJiirley to WentivortJi.\ 

[Belknap Papers, Vol. II., p. 272.] 

Boston November 28'^' 1748 
Sir — The Secretary of this Province having by order of the Oen- 
eral Assembly sent your Excellency their Proposal for a meeting of 
Commissioners from the several Governments in New England, for 
agreeing upon such matters in relation to the money allow'd by Par- 
liament for taking Cape Breton, as may be for the Publick Benefit ; 
and the affair being of great moment & the season requiring that it 
should have the quickest Dispatch that may be, I must intreat your 



Excellency to let me have your answer thereupon as soon as may be. 
So far is the Secretary's. I would add y^ I believe as this meeting 
of the Comm""® is proposed among other things to agree upon a Scheme 
for putting an End to the paper Currency : Your Exc^'^ showing your- 
self active in it would be acceptable at home. 
I am with great w^^ great regard & esteem 

Sir, your Excell^'* most obd' Humble servant 

W. Shirley. 
His Excel-' Gov"^ Wentworth 

[4-67] {^Precept for tJic Election of Assemblymen, 1748.] 

Province of "^ George the Second by the Grace of God, of Great 
New Hamps'' j Brittain France And Ireland King, Defender of the 
Faith &c'\ &c^ 
Province To the Sheriff of Our Province of New PI amps'' af ore- 
Seal said Greeting 

We Command You forthwith to make out Precepts 
Directed to the Select Men of Portsmouth, Dover, Hampton, Exeter, 
(Newcastle & Rye Joyntly) Kingstown, Hampton Falls, Newington, 
Stratham, Londonderry, Durham, Greenland, Newmarkett, South 
Hampton, Chester, Haverhill District, (Pelham & Methuen Joyntly) 
The Towns of Dunstable, Merrimac, Holies, Monson, And Notting- 
ham West Joyntly, And the District of Rumford, All within Our 
Province of New Hamps® aforesaid, Requiring them to Cause the 
Freeholders of their Respective Towns, Parishes and Destricts, As 
before Recited, Legally Qualified, to assemble at Such time & place 
As they the Select Men shall respectively Appoint, Excepting New 
Castle & Rye whose freeholders I.egally Qualified Are to assemble 
at New Castle Also Excepting Methuen & Pelham, whose freeholders 
are to assemble at Pelham, And Excepting the Towns of Dunstable, 
JVIerrimac, Holies, Monson, And Nottingham West, whose freeholders 
Are hereby Directed to assemble at Dunstable, The Said freeholders 
being Notified fifteen days before the day of their Meeting Then 
and there to Elect fit Persons Qualified By Law to Represent the Said 
Towns, Parishes And Districts, in General Assembly, by Us Ap- 
pointed to be Convened and Holden at the Court House in Ports- 
mouth on Tuesday the Third day of January next at ten of the Clock 
in the forenoon. Viz' Three persons for Portsmouth, Three for Dover, 
Two for Hampton, Two for Exeter, Two for New Castle & Rye to 
be Chosen at a Meeting of both Towns or Parishes Joyntly at New 



Castle, One for Kingston, one for Hampton falls, One for Newino-ton, 
One for Stratham, One for Londonderry, One for Durham, One for 
Greenland, One for New Markett, One for South Hampton, One for 
Chester, One for Haverhill District One for Pelham & Methuen, to 
be Chosen at Pelham by the freeholders of Pelham and Methuen ' 
Joyntly, One for the Towns of Dunstable, Merrimac Holies Monson, 
And Nottingham West, to be Chosen at Dunstable by the freeholders 
of Said Towns Joyntly And One for the District of Rumford — And 
to Cause the Persons Elected by the Major part of the Electors pres- 
ent at Such Elections to be then forthwith Summoned by One of the 
Constables of the Said Respective Towns Parishes And Destricts to 
Attend on Said Service in the General assembly at the time And 
Place .herein prefixed, And so De Die in Diem, during their Session 
or Sessions And to Return the Said Precepts with the Names of the 
Persons so Elected to your Self whereof you are to make a Return 
together with this Writ And your Doings thereon Under your hand 
into the Secretarys office at Portsmouth aforesaid On or before the 
aforesaid third day of January Next at ten of the Clock before noon 

In Testimony whereof We have Caused the Seal of Our Said 
Province to be hereunto affixed Witness Penning Wentworth Esq' 
Our Governour And Commander in Chief in and Over Our Province 
of New Hamps'' aforesaid the 12"^ Day of Dec"" 1748 in the Twenty 
Second year of Our Reign 

B Wentworth 

By his Excellencys Command with the advice of his Majestys 
Council Theodore Atkinson Sec'^y 

Province of ) Jan^ 3^ 1748 Pursuant to the Kings Writ Under 
New Hamps"" \ the Seal of the Province aforesaid to me Directed I 
have Issued precepts to the Select Men of the Several Towns & 
Precincts Named in Said Writ, And the Persons Returned are as 
follows Viz* 

James Clerkson Esq'' ^ 

M'" Henry Sherburne Merch"^ > Portsmouth 

Eleazar Russell Esq'' ) 

Tho« Millet Esq'' ) 

Tho^ Davis Esq'' \ Dover 

Cap' John Wentworth ) 

M"^ Joseph Philbrick ) rr 

Richard Waldron Esq'' j ^^mpton 

Peter Oilman Esq"^ ) ^ 

M'' Zebulon Giddinge } ^^^^^^ 


Tho« Bell Esq^ I ^^^^ ^^^^^^ ^ ^ 

Rich'' Jenness Esq"^ J ^ 

Ebenezer Stevens Esq"" Kingston 

Meshech Weare Esq"" Hampton falls 

John Knight Jun"" Newington 

Moses Leavett Esq'' Stratham 

John Macmurphy Esq"^ Londonderry 

Jonathan Thomson Durham 

Clem' ivlarch Esq"" Greenland 

Edward Hall Esq"" Newmarkett 

Samuel French South Hampton 

Abel Morss — Chester 

Haverhill District 

Tho^ Packer Esq'' Pelham & Methuen 

f Dunstable 

Joseph Blanchard Esq''<( Holies 

I Monson 
(^Nottingham West 

John Chandler Rumford 

Tho^ Packer She"" 

Copy Exam"^ M Weare Cle"" Dom. Rex — 

[4-71] \^Shirley to Wentworth, concerning so7ne Indians.^ 

Boston June 3^^ 1749 
Sir, The Occasion of this Letter is to acquaint your Excellency, 
that there are now in Boston nine Indians, six of the Penobscot 
Tribe & three of the Norridgewalk, with whom I have had diveis 
publick Conferences, who declare themselves to be sent hither by the 
Indian Tribes of S' Francois & S' John's River, as well as their own, 
& impowered by those Tribes to assure us of their Disposition & De- 
sire to make Peace w'^ the English Governments, and to appoint a 
time of Meeting for such Treaty ; And I have accordingly appointed 
the 27''' of Sepf next for the time of their Meeting us at P'^almouth 
in Casco Bay. And as this Governm' apprehends that it will be of 
great Advantage for the Success of this Affair, that all the neigh- 
bouring Governm'^ concerned in the late War should be represented 
by their Commiss''^ at this Treaty, I desire tJiat your Excellency would 
please to send Commissioners from New Hampshire to join in the 
Negotiations in behalf of your Province. — As it has always been the 
Custom to make Presents to the Indians upon the Conclusion of a 


Treaty, We have provided for such Presents as we judged necessary 
for our selves, I shall write to the Governours of Connecticut & 
Nova Scotia. I am with great regard 

Sir, Your Excellency's most Obed* Humble Serv' 

W Shirley. 
His E.xcellency Benning Wentworth Esq"" 

[4-72] \^Duke of Bedford to Governor WentivortJi.^ 

Whitehall 4*^ August 1 749. 

Sir In consequence of the Agreement between the Crowns of 
England & Spain by which it was Stipulated that all Hostilities in 
the American Seas, shou"'d cease between the two Nations Six Weeks 
after the King of Spain's Accession to the Preliminary Articles on 
the 28*^ June 1748. — which Term consequently expired on the 9*"^ of 
August following. His Catholick Majesty has been pleased to direct 
a general Order to be sent to all His Governors, requiring them, to 
make restitution of all English Prizes taken after the said 9*^^ day of 
August 1748. as will more fully appear by a Copy of the said general 
Order which I herewith transmit to you authenticated by a Notary 
Publick. I have His Majesty's Commands to Signify His pleasure to 
you, that you do give publick Notice of the said Catholick Kings said 
general Order to all His Majesty's Trading Subjects under your Gov- 
ernment, and likewise that you do assist to the utmost of your Power, 
all His Majesty's Subjects who may have any Claims on this Occasion 
I am Sir Your most Obedient Humble Servant 


P. S. You will likewise receive herewith inclosed a Translation of 
His Catholick Majesty's General Order to his Governors. 
Gov' of New Hampshire 

{Copy of a Document Presented to the New Hampshire Historical Soci- 
ety, in 1875, by Robert C. Mack, Esq., relative to Fort Dimimer.'\ 

[MS. Collections, Vol. I., p. 6•^^^ 
Monday August 21 1749 

Set out for Fort Dummer and reacht as far as Dunstable to Coll" 
Blanchards & Cap' Goffe as Far as Groton — 

To Expences 
at Smiths ferredges . . . . . . . o. 2. 6 

at Tho* Parkers . . . . . . . . o. 4. o 



at Cap* Cummings ferredges . . . . 

Shooeing my horse at Deacon hall [?] . 

at underwoods ....... 

Lodged at Coll" Blanchards 

Tuesday 22^ at kenndles . . . - . 
at Moores ........ 

at Narragansett N" 2 Daniel Hore . 

att Nitchawoag at Farnsworths to Entertainment 

at Squire prentices ...... 

at Moores Groton o. 15. o Ditto o. 3. o 

at kenndles Dunstable ... . . 

at Lovewells o. 5. o — at underwoods o. 10. 6 
























9. 19. 5 

Monday Sep^ 3'^ 1749 
Set out for portsmouth and reached as far as Kingston that Day. 

To Expences 
at Cap* Talfords o. 14. o — at Cap* Lights o. 2. 6 
at Greenland o. 8. o — at M''' Priests o. 4. 8 
Ditto [Mrs. Priest's] o. 8. o — at M""* P^easies o. 9. o 
at Chases o. 16. o — at Judgkins 2. 10. o 
at M"^' Blairfields [.?] o. 10. o — at Moreys 3. o. o 

Cap' Goffe at Moores at Groton .... 

at Squire prentices 3. 15. 6 — Ditto prentices's o 

at paquag o. 16. o — at Nitchawoag farnsworths o. 12. o 

at Lieu* hores Narragansett N" 2 

at Judkins^ 2. 3. o — at Graves^ o. 6. o 

at habbaka o. 4. o — at Graves^ o. 16. 6 
at Blairs . . 

Paid by 



















9. e 




2. c 

















s p 



[Plan of the Fort, by M. Patten. Reduced.'] 



E. 3S N. 









E. 30 N. 




The Perade 

/ iij^ 

The phisognomy of Fort Dummer 



Stockadows round the Fort 

1. Major Willards house Built by y^ jDrovince a Cannon Mounted in it. 

2. Built all the out side by y** province. 
Lieu* Butlers house. , 
Coll" Willards house. 
Province house a Cannon mounted in it. 
Citydale. [14)^2 ^^^^ square.] 
Coll" Willards house — Built by y^ province. 

a. Coll" Willards house. 
9. Sam' Ashleys house. 

10. Coll" Willards house. 

11. Watch Box. 

Fort Dummer ^ M: Patten — August 26: 1749 

August 30 : 1 749 

N, 38 W. Beginning at the S. W. Corner of the fort running Sun 
wise 22 feet Bredth of Coll" Willards house 4 feet notch then the 
same point 68 feet to Maj'' Willards house — The Maj''^ house parelel 


with the CoP 22J feet — true [?] angle at the Corner of the Maj''^ 
house I7|feet 4I Squar inward then E : 38 : N : 40 feet 7 feet notch 
inward Squar then E : 30 : N : 78 feet 2 feet 9 inches Squar out- 
ward then E 36 N. 22 feet to the N : E : Corner — then S. 36 E. 18 
feet W. 36 S. ii| S. 23 E. 6-] feet. From Coll" Willards E. 35 N : 
108 feet 42 feet from Coll" Willards house to the Gate South Side 
— 24 feet Back from Maj"" Willards house to the West Gate 
Coll" Willards house 32 feet in Length 

[Matthew Patten ana John Goffe were residents of Bedford. They 
were probably sent to Fort Dummer by the Governor or Legislature. 
In the original the descriptions, i to 11, are written on the plan. — Ed.] 

\\Veiit%vortii to Shirley. '[ 
[Belknap Papers, Vol. IL, p. 274.] 

Portsmouth, August 27, 1749. 
Sir — By his Majestys Instructions I am commanded upon Extraor- 
dinary Emergencies in my Government to consult and advise with 
the King's Governors in the neighboring Provinces ; and as your 
Exc^ is bound for Great Britain it will be highly necessary & for his 
Majestys immediate service, that before your departure, you should 
be fully acquainted with the dispute subsisting between the Assembly 
of this Province & the King's Gov'' inasmuch as the Dispute princi- 
ply relates to the Establishing the King's Authority in my Govern- 
ment. In obedience therefore to His Majesty's Commands I must 
insist on an Interview with your Excellency before your Embarking 
for Great Britain, at Portsmouth or any other place you may think 
more proper, but as I have many records of the General Assembly to 
lay before you, & many more you may Occasion to call for, it can't be 
so well attended at ahy other place. I shall hope for your answer by 
the return of my Express, & to have the exact time of your being on 
the lines of this Government. I am. Sir 

Your Excellency's most obed' & humb"^ servt 

B. Wentworth. 

\_Anszvcr to tJie Foregoing. "^ 
[Belknap Papers, Vol. II., p. 275.] 

Boston, Aug^' 28, 1749. 
Sir — I am sorry your Plxc^ should imagine I could sail for Eng- 
land without giving you timely notice to favour me with your com- 


mands, and I hope you are persuaded y' it will be a singular pleasure 
to me to have it in my power to do you any good offices, which I 
shall not fail in doing when it is. 

Your letter will be in time, I believe, to reach me by the next 
Sunday come Sen'night, altho' it would be safest to have sent it by 
next post : But the service of my own Governm* and my short stay 
make it absolutely impossible for me to have an interview w*^ you 
before the Man of Warr sails ; and I find as things turn out, if I lose 
my passage in that, I shall lose it for this year ; therefore hope your 
Exc^ will excuse me ; and y^ your commands may be communicated 
to me in a letter. 

Wishing you all health and happiness, I am with great regard and 
esteem, Sir, 

Your Exc^® most faithfull and obedient servant — 

W. Shirley. 
His Exc-' Gov"" Went worth. 

Myjservice to Col. Atkinson and your Bro. Mark. 

{Copy of Warrant, 1749.] 
[Belknap Papers, Vol. II., p. 276.] 

Province of 
New Hampshire 

To Jotham Odiorne Nath' Meserve, & Henry Wallace in 

Seal Portsmouth. 

The Hon""' the Commissioners of His Majestys Navy, have- 
ing by their letter to Mess""^ Apthorp Wentworth & C° bearing date 
Navy office 19'*^ Nov'' 1748 ; Signified their desire that the said Ap- 
thorp Wentworth & C° should Supply His Majestys Navy Stationd 
at Antigua, under the Command of Cap* Francis Holbourn, with Such 
Naval Stores, as the Storekeeper should give orders for, & Inasmuch 
as Cap' Holbourn has by His letter to Said Gentlemen dated on 
board His Majestys Ship the Tavistock, in Carlile Bay at Barbados 
July the 20*'' 1749, given orders, for Sundry Masts & other Naval 
Stores — 

You the said Jotham Odiorne, Nath^ Meserve & Henry Wallace are 
hereby desired, to Inspect the Accoants, that shall be laid before You 
by the said Apthorp Wentworth & C° of the Cost & Charges of the 
Said Naval Stores, Represented to Me to be Shipt on board the Snow 
Lorrain George Meserve Master for English Harbour on the Island 


of Antigua and report to me whether the Cost & Charges are Just 
& Reasonable, according to the prices paid in this place for the Same 
Species of goods, allso to settle & adjust the fr' for the said Naval 
Stores and the usual & Customary Exchange between this place & 
Great Brittain in order to the Said Apthorp Wentworth & C° being 
reimbursed the amount of their Account, by bills on The Hon^^ the 
Com""^ of His Majestys Navy, & report to me your doings hereon 
Given under my hand & Seal at Portsmouth Oct° the 10''' 1749 

B Wentworth. 

\Report of Committee Named in the Foirgoing, 1749.] 

[Ibid, p. 277.] 

Pursuant to your Excellencys Order of 10*'' Oct° Having examined, 
the foregoing Mess^'^ Apthorp Wentworth & C°^ Acc^ of Navall stores 
purchased by them for His Majestys Service On board the Snow Lor- 
rain George Meserve Master for English Harbour in Antegua, as ap- 
pears by the bills Laiding and Invoice Exhibited to us — Do find the 
whole to be just and reasonable — Charged, according to the rates and 
prices, such goods were at Amounting to One thousand, three hun- 
dred thirty one pounds Seventeen shillings & five pence Old tenor, 
and that two hundred pounds Antegua Currency, is no more than the 
Just pay for the height of said goods — We Judge it Just and equal, 
that the Bills to be drawn On the Hon^'^ the Commissioners of His 
Majestys Navy, be at the rate of Nine hundred & fifty pounds Old 
tenor for One hundred pounds sterling, the same making thereby One 
Hundred & forty pounds, three shillings and Eleven pence Sterling — 
Witness Our hands — Dated att Portsmouth October 18"' 1749. — 

J Odiorne 
Nath Meserve 
H : Wallis 

[4-73] \Proclai)iation relative to Peace ivit/i the Indians, 1749.] 

Province of ) By his Excelency Benning Wentworth P^sqr Cap- 
New Hamp ) tain General Governour & Commander in Chieff of 
his Majesties Province of New Hampshire afores^ 

A Proclamation — 
Whereas at the request of the Indians of the Ponobscot Noridg- 
wolk Arrasagontacook & WowxMioch and other Tribes of Indians 


Inhabiting within his Majesties Territorys of New England who have 
Lately been at war with this Province — A Treaty was begon & held 
at Casco bay upon the fourteenth of October Last between Comis- 
sioners by me Appointed and Impowered for that Purpose and the 
Indian Chieffs & Deligates & other Indians of & from the afore Said 
Tribes and upon the i6"^ of the Said month Articles of Peace & 
friendship between this Government and the Said Indians were 
Agreed upon & finally Settled — 

I have therefore tho* fit with the Advice of his Majesties Council 
to Issue this Proclamation that all Persons within this Government 
may be Duely Informed of the Peace concluded as afores"^ hereby 
Strictly Commanding all his Majesties Loveing Subjects to Observe 
Inviolably the Said Treaty of Peace & friendship and not to Comit 
any Acts of Violence, or Hostilities against the Said Indians or 
give them any Trouble, or mollestation but on the Contrary afford them 
all necessary Comfort and Assistance as Occasion may require — 
Dated at the Council Chamber in Portsm° the 13''^ Day of November 
Annoq Domini 1749 B Wentworth 

By his Excelencys Comand with advice of Council 

Theodore Atkinson Sec''^ 
God Save the King 

[Copied from the original. — Ed.] 


\Lie71tenant-Governor PJiips, velative to Exchange of Prisoriers.^ 

Boston Novem'' 9'^ 1 749. — 
Sir, I am informed that his Excellency Governour Shirley had 
setled an Agreement with the Governour of Canada so far as related 
to. this Government that the Charge of transporting English Prison- 
ers should be, defrayed by the English Governments and the charge 
of transporting French Prisoners by their Government, and that upon 
his Excys informing the Governours of the neighboring Colonies, the 
most of them had signified their approbation of this method, I am 
likewise informed that in the Year 1746 there were brought into this 
province in a Flagg of Truce sent by the Governour of Canada called 
the La vierge de Grace a great number of English Captures some of 
them being Europeans but the most of them belonging to the Eng- 
lish Province's and Colonies in America, and that about the same time 


his Excellency had sent a Flagg of Truce to Canada with French 
Prisoners at the Expence of this Government, and that his Excellency 
sent circular Letters to the Governours of the English Colonies afore- 
mentioned with Lists of the several Prisoners belonging to their re- 
spective Governments wherein he informed them that as soon as the 
Acco'® of the charges of the Flaggs of Truce & the proportion of the 
several English Governments thereto were Adjusted he wou'd send 
them to the said Governours that so they might Reimburse the Gov- 
ernour of Canada what Charges he had been at for transporting the 
English Prisoners belonging to their Government Soon after this the 
Court house in Boston was Burnt & therein all the Papers relating to 
the fitting out the French Flagg of Truce, which made it necessary 
that those Accounts shou'd be had from Canada in order to State the 
particular part each of the English Governments ought to bear to the 
Charge of Transporting their Prisoners ; and I find the said accounts 
sent here a little before Governour Shirleys Departure and an Acco^ 
has been stated between the said Governour Shirley, and the Gover- 
nour of Canada, and sent to Quebec by a person gone there for the 
Redemption of Captives and the Governour of Canada has been As- 
sured that all Possible care should be taken for Recovering from each 
Governm* their proportion of the Charge. I shall now Send Your 
Excellency a Copy of the Account by which you will perceive the 
number of Persons belonging to Your Governm' is six and the pro- 
portion of the charge ^^174. 8. 5. which I must Pray Your Excel- 
lency would cause to be paid into my hands as soon as may be, and the 
same shall be remitted to the Governour of Canada, and I doubt not 
Your more ready Compliance when You consider as appears by the 
Account that this Province will be Obliged to Pay in proportion be- 
yond any other Governm* as the greatest part of the Charge of the 
Europeans & other uncertain Persons both in this Vessell & another 
sent to Louisbourg will fall upon them. 
I am Sir, 

Your Excellency's most Obedient & most hum^''^ Servant 


A List of Prisoners which arriv'd at Boston from Quebec in the 
Ship La Vierge de Grace, belonging to the Province of New Hamp- 
shire viz* 

David Woodall Caleb Burbank Benj^ Woodall 

Thomas Woodall Alexander Roberts Caleb Wade 



A List of the Newhampshire men that Came in the schooner Suc- 
cess Cap* Drake — 

James Dunlap Mathew Tobin 

Antip' Gillman John Gale 

Joseph Paul 10 W"" M'Dugle June 8* 

Ruben Stevens Solomon Smith 

5 Edward Webber Mich' Johnson — "^ Cap* Nicholds 

William Bell Jonathan Barker 

James Clemment Benj Glazier 

The Charge of the Ship La Vierge de Grace amounted as appears 
by the Contract to loooo Livres, each Livre being valued at ten shil- 
lings of the Currency of New England makes the sum of . ;^5ooo 

The Proportion of each Concern or Interest in said ;^5ooo is as 
59 Massachusetts Bay \ 

■^ The same taken at Nova Scotia j 
29 New York . 

6 New Hampshire 

6 Pensilvania . 

6 Rhode Island 

2 Connecticutt 

2 New Jersey . 

I Bermuda 

I Annapolis Royal 

I Shirley Galley 

9 Maryland 
17 Europeans . 
1 1 Taken in Nova Scotia 

6 uncertain 











Errors Excepted 

5000: — 
Boston Septem"" 12"" 1749 
Jn" Wheelwright Comiss'^^ General 

[4~75] \King s Inst7'nctions.'\ 

His Maj''y® 36 Instruction to His Excelency B Wentworth Esq 

36 You Shall not remit any fines or forfeitures whatsoever above 
the Sum of Ten pounds nor Dispose of any forfeitures what- 
soever Until upon Signifying unto the Comissioners fof his 



Maj'^y^ Treasury — or the high Treasurer for the time being & 
to his Maj''J'* Comissioners for Trade & Plantations, the Nature 
& Offence, & the Occasions of Such fines & forfeitures with 
the Perticular Sums or Value thereof (which you are to Do 
with all Speed) You Shall have reed his Maj'>"^ Directions 
therein and you may in the mean time Suspend the Payment 
of the Said fines & forfeitures 

Copy Ex^ T Atkinson Sec"^ 


{Quakers in Militia Conipajiies.~\ 

A L In Cap' Waldron Company 
Edmond Hodgdon Richard Cook Stephen Hanson 

John Cook Daniel Cook Elijah Hanson 

Silas Hanson 

A list of the People Caled Quakers — 

Sam^ Varney 
Solo" Varney 
Tho^ Hanson 
Tho^ Hanson Jun*" 
Ebenez'' Varney 
Jeridiah Varney 
Tho'^ Varney 
Nicolas Varney 
John Varney 
Timothy Varney 
Jacob Sawyer 
Silvenus Huzey 

Wil'" Huzey 
Paul Huzey 
Wil'" Huzey Jun"' 
Daniel Roberson 
Jonathan Varney 
Stephen Varney 
Nathan Varney 
Daniel Varney 
Moses Varney 
Joshua Varney 
Tobias Varney 
Joseph Varney 


Cap' Stepen Roberts Company A list of The People Called Quakers — 

BedFeild Sawyer 
Tho^ \'arney 
Ezeikcl Varney 
Zaccheus Varney 
Paul Varney 
Zacheus Purirnton 
Tobias Twombly 
Aaron Hanson 
Joseph Hanson 
Benj^ Leigton 
Joh'' Hanson 

Richard Waldron Cap* 

John Kenny 
Moses Roberts 
Elijah Tuttle 
John Astin 
Paul Astin 
Tho^ Astin 
Stoten Astin 
Joseph Astin Jun' 

Ambros Bantom 
John Twombly 
Maul Hanson 
Zaccheus Alen 
John Tuttle 3^ 
J'aul Tuttle 
Silas Tuttle 
P^benczar Tuttle Jun'' 

TimothyRoberson Jun"" 
John Kenney Jun'' 
Moses Varney 
Umphrey Varney 
Benj-'' Cromel 
Paul Astin 
Heard Roberts 
lienj-'' Roberts Jun"" 


James Varney wil'" Jenkens Elijah Estes 

Elijah Varney Benj^ Gear Sam' Star : But 

Timothy Roberson Joseph Riinells Tho^ Tuttle 

Tho^ Kenney Joseph Tibbets John Tuttle 

Sam' Pink-ham John Pink-ham 

Shadrach Hodgdon L' In Cap' Roberts Company In Dover 

\_Thoinlinson to Atkinson. Copy '^ Bradford.'\ 
[Belknap Papers, Vol. I., p. 140.] 

London 18 (^'' 1747 
Theo Atkinson Esq"^ 

S"^ — Since my Letter to you of 13''^ AugM have not had any of 
your favours, or have I yet done any thing with M"" Brounker, altho' 
he has promised to Meet me but I know he has been very busy and 
so have I with a great many troublesome affairs and especially in ex- 
amining your province Acco'^ together w"^ the lords Commiss''^ of 
Trade and plantations & the R' Hon''''' the secretary of Warr, there 
are some palpable Errors therein & great differences between some 
particular charges and the Vouchers for the same, I have said & 
done everything in my power to Sett them right, & have hopes that 
your province will fare as well as the rest I hope soon to Inform you 
more of this affair and Send you the province Acco'^ of what I am 
in disburse for the province, and which I now Cannot do as I have 
not time to spare or a hand in my Counting house time to Draw 
out, You have here Invoice & Bill Lading for the Goods you wrote for, 
I hope they will arrive safe & please I shall be glad to hear they do 
I am S"" Yo'' hum' Servant 

John Thomlinson 

Yrho7}ilinson to Atkinson. \ 
[Belknap Papers, Vol. I., p. 141.J 

London y^ 22^ of Nov"" 1748 
Sir I am now to Acknowledge Your Favour of y^ 21^' of Septem- 
ber, and as Soon as the powers you Mention come to My hands I 
Shall Endeavour to do the Necessary, As to the Bills that the offi- 
cers have drawn, I find Some of them have been at My house Since 


my Sickness, but Nothing can be Said to them untill provision is 
Made for payment of the fforces raisd for that Expedition. I hope 
Your Government has Sent Me By the Mast fleet Such power of At- 
torney and Letter as I wrote to the Committee for, to Enable me to 
receive for them the ^^16355. Voted by parliament. And I have wrote 
the Committees again on that Affair, About 14 days Since M"" Jones 
paid me for Your Acco' ;£i52,. 10,, 2, which he Says is what is due 
to You to Lady-day last, And Your Account has Credit for the Same, 
And You will See it by your Account which M"' Jones Sends you by 
this Conveyance, I am daily in Expectation of the Mast fleet, by which 
I Expect to hear farther from you. And Am with great Esteem — 
Sir Your Most hum^ Ser* 

John Thomlinson 
To Theodore Atkinson Esq'' 

\TJiomlijison to Atkinson. Copy '^ Claj'k,~\ 

[Belknap Papers, Vol. I., p. 142.] 

London y^ 15'^ Mar : 1748/9 
M"" Theodore Atkinson 

Sir — Since mine on the otherside I have Your Letter of y^ 21*' of 
Nov"", inclosing Your power of Attorney and Several orders &c. They 
must all be dormant for Some time For altho I have Your province 
Accounts, Yet I can do nothing with them untill all the Accounts 
come from M'' Shirley, Then they are order'd to be Audited by the 
Lords of Trade, & the Secretary of War as the Louisbourg Accounts 
were, and as Soon as it Shall be agreed what Sums are due to Each 
province, for the Charges they have been at in the intended Expedi- 
tion Against Canada, including officers pay, then the whole Sum will 
be provided for, & paid to the Agents for Each Collony, when he 
Shall be properly empowerd to receive the Same by proper powers of 
attorney for that purpose, under the Seal of their respective Collonys, 
and it is my opinion, that if the Accounts comes from M'' Shirley 
Ever So Soon, that not any thing can be done this Session of parlia- 
ment, and Therefore there will be time Enough for you to Send me 
before next year, a Compleat List of the officers of your regiment, 
and the Time they Servd, and the Money due to Each of them, and 
this will be so absolutely necessary that I cannot tell how the Money 
due to them can be known, or ascertained, without it, and Such List 
must be duely Authenticated by you, and the Gov"", and then I Shall 
know what Each officer will have due to him when he Comes to 


demand, or draw for his pay, I have wrote to Gov"" Wentworth 
concerning Fort Dumer, And which I hope he will Emeadiatly Com- 
municate to the Council, And Assembly, And I hope he and All of 
you will agree imeadiatly to do Every thing that I have there Advised, 
and whatever Else may Occurr to you, to prevent the Mischief aim'd 
at you — 

You have by this Ship the Goods You order'd, I hope they will 
come Safe to hand and will be Agreeable, I Shall be glad to find 
they are so, and am w^^ Great Esteem 

Sir Your most hum' Ser^ 

John Thomlinson 

Lett the Chaplain & Surgeon if Any, be included in the above 
List of officers 

[Mr. Thomlinson's letter of August lo, 1749, and Mr. Atkinson's 
of October 19, 1749, are printed in Vol. VI., pp. 886-7, ^^'^ o"^ from 
Mr. Thomlinson to Henry Sherburne, Jr., dated November 13, same 
year, on p. 888. — Ed.] 

YTJionilinson to Atkinson. Copy 13 Doivers.^ 
[Belknap Papers, Vol. I., p. 147.] 

London 27^'' Nov'' 1749 
Theo^ Atkinson Esq'' 

Sir — I am to acknowledge your favour of — And as the Canada & 
other American affairs are now auditing, & I have so many different 
concerns therein, I have not more time than to tell you, that I will do 
all in my power, to ser\'e your Province & you & all concern'd in this 
affair to my utmost. I have sent to Governour Wentworth ]\P Paris's 
directions for such Papers as will be necessary for your Government, 
to send properly authenticated, to extricate you from this load, which 
the Province of the Massachusetts Bay are about to Lay upon you, 
as you will see by those Papers sent you by I\P Paris, and if the as- 
sembly should not be in temper to act with the Governour & Councill, 
I shou'd think that the Governour & Councill shou'd expert them- 
selves in this Important Crisis. That all those Paper Proofs may be 
here before it is too Late — I shall do all I can in this affair, if you 
do but send me the proper Materialls, & am w*'' great Esteem, 

Sir Y'' humble Servant 



[P. 148.] 

Lond° Feb>' 20^'' 1749 [1750 N. S.] 
S*' On the other Side is Copy of my Last, Since w'^'' am favourd 
with yours of the 17 & 20"^ Octob'' & have Shipt the things you 
Wrote for, as "^ Inclosed Invoice & Bill of Lads Last M° I rececl of 
M"" Jones £38. 16. 10 w'^'' have Carried to y'' Credit w'^'^ he Says is 
what was due to you to Mids"" last, The Papers you Sent me on M"" 
French's Appeal, I have put into M'' Paris'es hands, with directions 
to retain the Attorney & Soil"" General in the Cause, and which I un- 
derstand he has done, and has Since Sent Me the Inclosed papers, to 
Shew you what is Necessary for you to do farther in this Case, and 
w'^'^ I would have you get done & Sent to me as Soon as possible, I 
am with great Esteem — 

Sir Your most hum' Ser' 

John Thomlinson 

\TJioinlinsou to Atkinson?^ 
[Belknap Papers, Vol. I., p. 153.] 

London y^ 4^"^ of March 1750 
Theodore Atkinson Esq"' 

Sir — Since my last to you I have had your Sundry Favours of 
y'^ i8''\ 28''', of Aug* 3'^ Sep"" & 20*'' of June by Cap' Hunking, and ob- 
serve what you Say on your Governments affairs, I am sorry to find 
thing continue So that you must in the End Suffer for it, Tho the 
Government here has not yet taken into Consideration the State of 
your Province, and Some other Provinces in North America yet the 
time must come, and I think cannot be far off. And what can you 
Plxpect, When I am at the other End of the Town at any of the great 
offices. And only Mentions your Province, I am frequently told you 
are in a State of Rebelion, And This Winter I have been frequently 
calld up on behalf of your Province, & not only on Account of P'ort 
Dummer & Frenches Appeal (and which I fear you will Suffer in, for 
want of the papers that M"" Paris has So long Since wrote for) But the 
West India Planters & Merchants have been pushing hard to Obtain 
a Law to prohibit all Commerce & Trade whatsoever, between the 
Brittish Northern Collonys, and all Foreign Sugar plantations, under 
the Sevcarcst penaltys, and whether or no they have yet done with 
it, I cannot tell, l^ut Shall watch their Motion, And now there's a 
Bill ready to be Brought into parliament, for regulating & Restrain- 
ing &c the paper Bills or Bills of Credit Subsisting and passing in 


Rhode Island, & the other three New England Governments have for 
this 10 or 14 days Been obliged to Attend upon that Affair, what the 
Act may Bee if this Bill pass into an Act, I cannot particularly Say, 
But at present it is to prevent the Making Issueing &c, any More 
paper Bill or Bills of Credet, without being Authorized thereto by 
his Maj'>^ &c and on Some other Stipulated Emergencys, — And for 
the Calling in dischargeing & Sinking all paper Bills of Credet now 
Subsisting & passing, of what kind or denomination what Soever, at 
the periods Such Bills were to be called in By the Act by which they 
were Made & Issued, y\nd to prevent any paper Bills of what kind 
Soever for the future from Being a Legal Tender — And that all pay- 
ments Shall be Made in Silver Money at And after the rate of Six 
Shillings for a Sevill pillar or Mexico peice of Eight of Seventeen 
peney weight, and So in proportion for any Smaller peices of y^ Same, 
or other Silver Coin, — and how Specialtys Are to be paid &c &c, — 
After the Merchants and others that were possessed of the Bills & 
Cirtificates drawn &c, for the Money Granted to the province of the 
Massachusett-Bay, had been long Solliciting the Lords of his Maj '>'■'' 
Treasury for the payment of the Same, they were Told By their Lord- 
ships in Sep^'' Last, that if I would take the Trouble of takeing the 
Money, and paying the Same, it Should be Issued to me in the Month 
of Ocf, and notwithstanding the Trouble I then foresaw, and have 
Since Experienced, yet to oblige their Lordships, and the Merch**, I 
consented, and the latter End of Ocf^ the money Granted for the 
Massachusetts-Bay was paid me, And also what was granted to the 
Province of New Hampshire, I have now paid Away the greatest part 
of the Money granted to the Massachusetts-Bay, And have allso paid 
what demands has Appeard for the officers of your regiment. And 
shall before this Month is out. Send you All the papers And Accounts 
relating thereto. And also the province Ace" Currant, that they May 
See what Cash they have here in My hands, And May Agree to Call 
in And sink their paper Bills, (as the other provinces has done) That 
would be the most Agreeable thing they could do. And Indeed it is 
here Expected that they will do it. But if your Assembly will not do 
it, I hope th'ey will not let (about) ^^30000 Ster Lye Dead, But will 
Send proper directions and powers to Me to Lay it out in Some of 
the Funds, where it may Bring An Annual Income to the province, 
and not Lye dead as it otherwise must do, and Concequently be a 
Loss of p^QOO Sterling or thereabouts "^ Annum I hope all partys 
will agree in Makeing So considerable a Saveing to the publick. — 

I find that you have Sent to the Massachusetts Government for 
Authenticated paper, as M'' Paris had directed, relating to the dispute 
about Fort Dummer, And that you have been denighed them, altho 


you oiferd to pay for the Same, for God Sake, why did not you de- 
mand them by a Notary publeck, and in Case of refusal he the Said 
Notary Should have properly Set forth his demand. And their refusal 
and you Should have Had the same properly Authenticated by y^ 
Said Notary, & Sent directly, And that Should now be done with all 
Speed And sent here, or that affair will be heard, and what can be 
done without any proper Vouchers, for if you had sent Such proofs of 
the other provinces refuseing you those papers, as above, I should 
have gott an order of Council for them, and the Cause put off untill 
they had them, But a Bare Say in a Letter, that those papers were 
refused you, will not do, I can assure you I would do Every thing in 
My power to Serve the province, But I cannot do more than I can, 
And to tell you the truth, I am quite wiried, and disheartend in 
Every affair where I appear for your province, and I fear that must 
be the Case, untill your assembly complys with his Majesty s Addi- 
tional Instruction, your province used to Stand in a quite different 
Light, and I most heartily wish to See it do So again, And Am with 
great Truth 

Sir Your Most hum^ Ser' 

John Thomlinson 
To Theodore Atkinson Esq'' Secritary to his Maj'^'* Province of 
New Hampshire 

\_Thonilinson to Atkinson^ 
[Belknap Papers, Vol. L, p. 154.] 

London y^ 4^'' of March 1750 
Sir I have Just now Wrote to you on Affairs relating to the Gov- 
ernment, I am now to take notice of your own private affairs I find 
that when I settled with M"" Sherbourne for M"'^ Pickerings pay, I have 
ommitted Stoping your demand of £,^ : 14 : o, when he came to Set- 
tle his own. And M''^ Pickerings, we were in a great hurry, So that 
neither I or any Body in the Counting house once tho't of your paper 
of demands on y'^ Several officers, As it was laid By with other papers 
till the Money Should be paid by the Government, neither did know 
of or Stope Either from M"" Sherborns or M^ Pickerings one 1? Cent 
for fees &c at the Offices, which we ar6 obliged to Stop out of all the 
others, as you will See by the province Account w'^'' I Shall Soon Send 
you, that the fees &c paid Amounts to that — 

I have Settled with and paid, the Rev'' M"" Browne for himself and 
his Son, And he dont Chose to Allow you the ;^i5 you Charge, But 

miscellanp:ous provincial papers, 373 

has had the Whole, and Says that he will Settle that affair with you, 
& he goes in this Ship, I think all the other Articles we Shall Carry 
to your Credit, — 

Last Month M"" Jones paid me for your Ace" ;£^I46. 15. 2 which 
you have credit for, he desires me to tell you, that yoiir& M"" Mitch- 
ells diary are And will Continue to be Stop'd, So long as you Swear 
to yours before M'" Mitchel, & he to his before you, I am Sorry you 
have no other justice in the province — 

Cap* Hunking is Saild for Antigua, and I have told him that if he 
draws on Me for ^20 on your Account I shall pay it, You have 
herewith Bill of Loading for y'^ Goods you orderd for J Simpson But 
The Linins You order for M'' Simpson are on Board Cap* Lewis, As 
Soon As these Ships are gone Your Account Shall be made out, And 
you Shall have it, And the province Account Also, I am with great 
Esteem — 

Sir Your Most hum' Ser* 

John Thomlinson 
To Theodore Atkinson Esq"" 

\TJiomlinson to Atkinson. Copy '^ Spender. '\ 

[Belknap Papers, Vol. L, p. 156.] 

London 29''' Mar. 1750 
The° Atkinson Esq"" 

Sir — Since the above, am without any of yours, therefore have 

only to advise you, that the Parliament has voted the Money to be paid 

for the Canada Expedition, but when it will be Issued, Can't yet 

inform you, but hope it will soon, when shall write you again. Interim 

I am. Sir, Your hum' Servant, 

John Thomlinson 

London y^ 10* of May 1750 
Sir The Money Granted by Parliament as Above is not yet Issued, 
Tho I Expect it daily to be done, and then I hope I Shall be able to 
get what is Voted to your Regement, as for what is Voted to the 
province, I Suppose it must lye in the Treasury as the Sum that was 
Voted for Louisbourg does, for want of my haveing proper powers to 
receive it, I find that Both the Provinces & Regiments Account Are 
greatly Shortned, but Cannot yet give you Ace' in what particular, 
But the whole Granted to your province & Regement is only £,2\a^6„ 
10,, 10, As Soon As the Money is Issued I possible may be Able to 


Send you the particulars which were not Allow'd to the province, 
As to what is done in the Account you Sent me of the pay &c due 
to the officers of your Regement, I have An Account what is done 
in that, Viz* the Two Captain Wentworths are Struck out, And Cap*^ 
Gillman & Sherbourne are put in their Roome, And Nothing Allow'd 
to the Muster Master, or Any other Charge whatever, only the offi- 
cers pay with the usual deductions, I hope very Soon to get the 
Money, And then Shall Send you the Whole Account, that you may 
See what is due to your Self & P.very Other Officer, I want much 
to hear what you are doing in your province Since what was wrote 
by Dowers, I wish you may do right & Am 
Sir Your Most hum' Ser* 

John Thomlinson 

S^Atkinson to T/ioi>i/inso7i.'\ 
[Belknap Papers, Vol. I., p. 157.] 

Portsm" May 26*'' 1750 
S"" His E.xcelency the Survey'' General of the woods has communi- 
cated to me his Letter to you of the 26"" of March last takeing notice 
of an Agreement he has made with M"" Amhurst who is to be Suc- 
ceeded as one of his Deputies by his Son ffoster and that the Pur- 
chase from M"" Amhurst is ^300 Sterling — If I understand it I am 
to pay the one half and our Sallarys to be Equally Divided as he 
mentions to you with which I am Content but as I have only Seen 
his Letter & have had no talk with him on this head cannot give the 
necessary Directions till I See him he not being in Town & the Post 
just going out So y' I hope you will follow y^ Directions in his Let- 
ter or Such further Instructions as he may give till I can know his 
mind more fully — we have By a Ship from Bristol an Acco* of a 
Parliamentary Provision for the Df reaying the Canada Expence &c I 
hope you have got thro' that affair I much want to have it finished 
as far as I am Concerned — there is one thing that I formerly men- 
tioned to you that I hope you have not omitted — that is to Procure 
Some orders about the Powder & Small arms that were returnd & not 
Expended it Lays here in a very odd manner and cannot be Disposed 
of without orders from home God know when our Assembly will 
come to any usfull Action for tho' I believe they See their mistake Still 
they are obstinately Pursueing the first blunder tho' I hojjc not with 
So much ranchor — yet it will be necessary that the Dispute be De- 
termined at home in Such a manner as will Leave no room for further 


Dispute here — the Waiges allowd to the Surgeons Mate in my regi- 
ment Doctor Miller I have Purchased & paid him here So you must 
Creed* my Acco* therefor — Pray Let me Have a List of what Each 
officer will have net in your hands after the Deductions of alsorts are 
made & how the Deductions Arises that I may Settle with those to 
whom I have advanced the money here I am S"" 

[Endorsed] Copy to Cap* Thomlinson Via Boston 1750. 

[The following is a copy of a document in Atkinson's hand attached 
to the foregoing. — Ed.] 

Dated 26 March 1750 Comn'cated 25 May?i75o 
Coll Atkinson has now 1/3 of the Sallary as one of Deputies as it 
Stood in Coll Dunbars time & that is to be Divided between him & 
my Son Foster as is also the Sallary of fosters as M"" Amhursts Suc- 
cessor between them which Please to observe & Carry one half of 
Each to the Creed* of their respective Acco*® as you receive it from 
M"' Jones who will have orders to Pay it to you as he receives it they 
will both write you on this head agreeable to this & that no Disapoint- 
ment may arise to M"" Amhurst for want of your being in Cash for 
these Gentlemen you may Pay the Sum herein agreed upon — Viz 
;£"30o Sterling or any part out of my Sallary which I am hopeing 
will be Clear by this Time I referryou to the above Gentlemen & am 

[4-78] His Majesty's 32^^ Instruction. 

" And whereas His Majesty hath thought fit by His Commission, to 
direct, that in Case of your death or absence from the said Province, 
And in Case there be at that time no person upon the place Commis- 
sionated or appointed by His Majesty to be his Lieutenant Governor 
or Commander in Chief, the Councillor whose name is first placed in 
His Majestys Instructions to you, & who shall be at the time of your 
death or absence resideing within the said Province of New Hamp- 
shire shall take upon him the administration of the Government, & 
Execute the said Commission and instructions, and the Several 
powers & Authoritys therein Contained, in the Manner thereby 

" It is nevertheless His Majestys express Will and Pleasure, that in 
Such case the S'^ President shall forbear to pass Any Acts, but what 
are Imediately Necessary for the peace & Wellfare of the said Prov- 
ince without His Majestys particular order for that purpose, And that 


he shall not take upon him to dissolve the assembly then in being, 
nor to Remove or Suspend any of the Members of the Said Council, 
nor any Judges, Justices of the peace, or other officers Civil or Mili- 
tary, without the Advice & Consent of, at least Seven of the Council : 
And the said President is to transmit to His Majesty, and to His 
Commissioners for Trade & Plantations, by The first opportunity, the 
Reasons for Such alterations, Signed by himself, & by the said 

Exam'^ Theodore Atkinson Se"^' 

His Majestys 46*'^ Instruction. 

" And you are with the Advice & Consent of His Majestys Council, 
to take Especial Care, to Regulate all Salarys & fees, belonging to 
places, or paid upon Emergencys, that they be within the bounds of 
Moderation, & that no exaction be made upon any Occasion whatso- 
ever, As allso that Tables of all fees be publicly hung up, in all places 
where Such fees are to be paid. And you are to transmit. Copies of 
all Such tables of fees to His Majesty, and to His Commissioners for 
trade & Plantations as aforesaid." 

Copy Ex^ Theodore Atkinson Se''^ 

[4-79] {Instructions relative to Grants, i/SO-] 

His Majesties 38*'^ and 39"^ Instruction. 
And Whereas it has been found by long exi^erience. That the set- 
tling Planters in Townships hath redounded very much to their ad- 
vantage, not only with respect to The assistance they have been able 
to afford each other In their Civil Concerns : But likewise with re- 
gard To the Security they have thereby acquired against the Insults 
and Incursions of neighbouring Indians, or other PInemies, His Ma- 
jesty has therefore thought fit, for His Service, that Townships should 
be Settled on the Frontiers of your Province, and that each Township 
may Consist of about Twenty thousand acres of Land, but not to Ex- 
ceed Six Miles square, and in each such Township, A proper Place shall 
be laid out for the Scite of the Town itself, where any Planter, be- 
sides fifty Acres of Land for each Person in his family, shall have sett 
out a Lot or Footland For a Town House, and that no Town be set 
out or any Such Lands or Lots granted untill there be fifty, or more 
Families ready to begin the Settlement, and that so Soon, as any such 
Township has got one hundred or more Families Settled therein, it 


shall have and enjoy all the Immunities and Privelidges, as do, of 
Right, belong to any other Parish Or Township in the said Province. 

39''' And whereas by your Commission you are, with The advice of 
His Majesties Council there, Impowered To agree with the Inhabit- 
ants of the said Province For such Lands &c &c Tenements and He- 
reditaments, as now are, or hereafter shall be in His Majesties Power 
To dispose of, and them to grant to any Person or Persons for such 
Terms, and under such moderate Quit Rents, Services and acknowl- 
edgments, to be thereupon reserved unto His Majesty, as you, by the 
advice aforesaid, Shall think fit, It is nevertheless His Majesties ex- 
press Will and Pleasure, that you do not make any grants of Lands 
to any Person whatsoever under a Less Quit Rent Than one shilling, 
Proclamation money, for every hundred Acres of Land so granted ; 
except for the first Ten Years, during which Term, the Grantee shall 
be exempted from the payment of Quit Rent, And that in all Grants 
of Land, a Clause be inserted to reserve all white, or other Sort of 
Pine trees fit for masts, of the Growth of Twenty Four Inches Di- 
ameter, and upwards, at twelve Inches from The earth, to His Ma- 
jesty, His Heirs and Successors, for the Masting His Royall Navy ; 
and that no such Trees Shall Be cut, felled or destroyed, without his 
Majesties License For so doing first had and obtained, on penalty of 
the forfeiture of such Grant, and of the Land so Granted, reverting 
to the Crown, and of all other Pains and Penalties, as Are, or shall 
be enjoyn'd or inflicted by any Act or Acts of Parliament, passed in 
the Kingdom of Great Britain ; and that, another Clause be inserted 
therein, to oblige The Grantee to settle, plant, and Cultivate, at least, 
five Acres of Land, in every fifty Acres so granted, in five Years 
after the Date of his Grant, and to Continue such Settlement and 
improve the same by Additional Cultivation on Penalty of the for- 
feiture of his Grant, and of the Lands reverting to the Crown, To 
be granted to such as will effectually plant and Cultivate the same — 

Copy of his Maj'^^ 38"' & 39''' Instructions to his Excelency Ben- 
ning Wentworth Esq Govern'' 

Examined 19 Theodore Atkinson So'y 

[4-81] [^Goz'e7yior WennvortJi to the Duke of Bedford ^^ 

Portsmouth January 10"' 1750 
May it please Your Grace, 

as Soon as Your Graces Commands of the 14^'" of april last came 
to my hands, encloseing an Act of Parliament to which His Majesty 


had been pleased to give His Royal assent, to encourage the impor- 
tation of pig & bar Iron from His Majestys Colonys in America to 
prohibit the Erecting of any Mill or other Engine for slitting or roll- 
ing of Iron, or any plateing forge to work with a tilt hammer, or any 
Furnace for makeing Steel in any of His Majestys Plantations, I 
caused the said Act to be published in the most public manner, & 
Issued my orders to the respective towns within my Government, to 
Lodge in the Secretarys office within a time therein hmited. An Ac- 
count of all Such Mills or Engines, as by a Copy of the Said order, 
& my Certificate Annexed will appear, besides this General order I 
have made a more particular enquiry, & I am fully Satisfied there is 
not within the limits at New Hampshire any Such Mill or Engine, 
and but one Forge that makes bar Iron. 

I think it my duty to inform Your Grace That the assembly, neither 
will proceed to the Choice of a New Speaker, nor receive the New 
Members, called in Consequence of His Majestys additionall instruc- 
tion given at Whitehall June 30^'' 1748. 

The Conduct of the assembly herein, I have fully represented to 
the R' Hon'''^ the Lords Commiss""^ for Trade & Plantations, who have 
wrote me that no time was lost in transmitting the Account thereof 
to your Grace to be laid before His Majesty for His further directions 
therein, which I am hopeing soon to recieve, in the mean time by 
the Advice of His Majestys Council, I keep the General assembly 
under short Adjournments & Prorogations. 
I am my Lord 

your Graces most faithfull Serv' 

B W 
His Grace the Duke of Bedford. 


{JD^ike of Bedford, trausuiitting Act of Parliaincnt to Prevent tJie 
Manufacture of Iron and Steel in t/ie Colonics ?\ 

Whitehall 14"^ April 1750 
Sir. The King having given his Royal Assent the last Sessions 
of Parliament to an Act, luitituled an Act to encourage the Impor- 
tation of I^ig & Bar Iron from His Majesty's Colonies in America and 
to prevent the Erection of any Mill or other Engine for slitting or 
rolling of Iron or any plateing Forge to work with a Tilt Hammer, or 
any Furnace for making Steel in any of the said Colonies ; " which 
Act is to take place the 24''' of June next, and His Majesty's Governors 


in North America having particular Instructions given them 
therein, I have the King's commands to transmit it to you to the end 
that you may have the same duely published & observed throughout 
your Government. 

I am Sir 

your most obedient humble Servant. 

Gov"" of New Hampshire. 


{Petition of Joiiafhaii Stan/iope, relative to Indians, 17 50.] 

To His Excellency Benning Wentworth Esq"* Cap' General & Gover- 
nour in cheif in & Over his Maj^^ Province of New Hampshire in 
New England, the Hon''''' the Council & General Court Or Assem- 
bly for Said Province 

The Petition of Jonathan Stanhope of Sudbury in the Province of 
the Massachusetts Bay in New England, Humbly Sheweth/. 

That Your Petitioner has Very often Served his Maj'>' in the Wars 
with the French and Indian Enemy, & been Engaged in Several fights 
Against Said Enemy in the Said province of New Hampshire, In one 
of which fights Viz' on May 2^ 1746, your Petitioner (then Under 
the Command of Maj"^ Josiah Willard) killed one Indian & at the Same 
time Shot, & broke the Arm of Another Indian 

That on June 19''' 1746, At a place called the Dug- Way in Number 
4. yo"" Petition'^ being one of the Troop Who under the Command of 
Cap' Josiah Brown [of Sudbury] Engaged a party of the Enemy, 
Received a very grievous Wound in his Arm, by A Shot from Said 
Enemy, by means Whereof Your poor petitioner has Suffered Ex- 
treme pain, & after the best Means to Obtain healing. Still remains 
Under much pain, & is rendered Utterly Uncapable to labour And 
so Wholly cut off from the Ordinary way of Subsisting himself in the 
World, Nor has Yo"^ Petit^" Such An Estate in the World as Will af- 
ford him a comfortable Support, without bearing hard upon his 

Your Petition'' humbly Prays Your Excellency And this Hon'^'^ 
Court to take his distressed Condition into Your Wise & compassion- 
ate consideration And Grant him Such Relief, under the Same, either 
by An Allowance out of the publick Treasury, or a grant of Land out 


of the unappropriated Lands of the Province As in Your Excellency's 
And Hon"^^ Great Wisdom and Justice Shall be thought fit 
And Yo"" Petitioner Shall Ever Pray &c 

Jonathan Stanhope 
Sudbury April the 7^'' 1750 — 

These Certifie that the Within Pettetioner Was under my Com- 
mand & In the Engagement Rec*^ his Wound at No : 4 : as within 
Exprest &c. Josiah Browne Cap* 

[4-84] l_Ac^s Approved by the Privy Council.~\ 

At the Council Chamber Whitehall 
Seal the 31*'^ day of May 1750 


Their Excellencys the Lords Justices 
Arch Bp of Canterbury Duke of Richmond Earl of Harrington 
Lord Chancellor Duke of Argyll Henry Pelham Esq"" 

Lord Privy Seal Earl of Sandwich 

Lord President M"" Comptroller 

Earl of Cholmondeley Horatio Walpole Esq"" 

Lord Anson William Pitt Esq"" 

Whereas by Commission under the Great Seal of Great Britain, 
the Governor Council and Assembly of His Majestys Province of 
New Hampshire, are Authorized and Empowered, to make. Consti- 
tute and Ordain Laws, Statutes and Ordinances, for the Publick 
Peace, Welfare and good Government of the said Province ; which 
Laws, Statutes and Ordinances are to be, as near as conveniently may 
be, agreeable to the Laws and Statutes of this Kingdom, and are to 
be transmitted to His Majesty for His Royal Approbation or Disal- 
lowance : — And Whereas in pursuance of the said Powers, two Acts 
were passed in the said Province in September 1743, and July 1745, 
which have been transmitted Entitled as follow — Viz' 

" An Act for the better executing An Act for emitting the Sum of 
Twenty five thousand pounds in Bills of Credit on this Province 
equal to so much Proclamation Money upon Loan and for granting to 
His Majesty the Interest that shall arise thereby for the purposes in 
the said Act mentioned." — 

Passed in September 1743. 


" An Act in Addition to An Act entitled An Act for emitting the 
Sum of Twenty five thousand pounds in Bills of Credit on this Prov- 
ince equal to so much Proclamation Money upon Loan and for grant- 
ing to His Majesty the Interest that shall arise thereby for the 
purposes in the said Act mentioned, And an Act entitled An Act for 
the better executing An Act entitled An Act for the emitting Twenty 
five thousand Pounds in Bills of Credit on this Province equal to so 
much Proclamation Money upon Loan and for granting to His Ma- 
jesty the Interest that shall arise thereby for the Purposes in the said 
Act mentioned." 

Passed in July 1745. 

Which Acts, togethej with a Representation from the Lords Com- 
missioners for Trade and Plantations thereupon, having been referred 
to the Consideration of a Committee of the Lords of His Majestys 
most Honoble Privy Council for Plantation Affairs, The said Lords 
of the Committee did this day Report their Opinion to their Excel- 
lencys, that the said Acts were proper to be Approved — Their 
Excellencys the Lords Justices taking the same into Consideration, 
were pleased, with the Advice of His Majestys Privy Council, to De- 
clare their Approbation of the said Acts ; And pursuant to their 
Excellencys Pleasure thereupon expressed, the said Acts are hereby 
Confirmed, finally Enacted, and ratified accordingly — Whereof the 
Governor or Commander in Chief of His Majestys Province of New 
Hampshire for the time being, and all others whom it may concern, 
are to take Notice and Govern themselves accordingly. — 

W : Sharpe 

[Copied from the original. — Ed.] 

[4-85] {^Warnmt for Expc7ises of Canada Expedition, i/SO-] 

• After our hearty Commendations, Whereas by Letters of Privy 
Seal bearing- Date the 7'^ Day June 1750 grounded on the Clause in 
an Act of Parliament pass'd last Session for Appropriating the Sup- 
plys, & on a report made to us the 28th day of February 1749 Sign'd 
by yourself, the Lords Commissions for Trade and Plantations, & his 
Majestys Secritary of Warr, Wee are among other things Authoriz'd 
& Impower'd to Issue our Warrant or Warrants to the Pay M"" Gen- 
eral of his Majestys Fforces for the time being, for the paying out of 
any Money in his Hands, Applicable to this Service unto such Person 
or Persons as shall appear to be properly Entitled to receive the same 


the several Sums stated to be remaining due for the Expences 
incurr'd in his Majesty's Provinces of North America on an Expedi- 
tion Intended against Canada, & for Assistance sent to Nova Scotia, 
& on other Extraordinary Occasions According to the Acco' hquidated, 
settled, & adjusted in the said Report, & in the said Letters of Privy 
Seal relation being thereunto had may more fully & at large Appear 
And Whereas, the Summs remaining due to be paid for such Ex- 
pences incurr'd in the Province of New Hampshire do amount in the 
whole to ;^2i446,, 10,, io| According to the AccoMnthe said Report, 
contain'd a Copy of which is hereunto annex'd & wee upon taking 
into Consideration your Memorial of the 30th Aug* 1750 are of Opin- 
ion that the said sum may properly be paid to John Thomlinson of 
London Merch' who as Agent to that Province, appears to be duly 
Authoriz'd for this purpose, to be by him distributed paid Over & 
Apply'd in Discharge of the Bills of Exchange, Certificates or other 
Authentick Claims liquidated in the annex'd Acco* according to the 
said Acco* & Conformable to the said Report. These are therefore to 
Authorize & require you to pay or cause to be paid out of any Money 
in your hands Applicable to this Service the said Sum of ;^2i446„ 
10,, io| without Deduction unto the said John Thomlinson or his 
Assigns to be by him Distributed paid over& apply'd in full discharge 
of all the said Several Expences, Claims, & Demands Accordingly. 
And for so doing this with the Acquittance of the said John Thom- 
linson shall be as well to you for the Payment as to his Majesty's 
Auditors, & all others concern'd for allowing the same upon your 
Acco* a Sufficient Warrant — 

Whitehall Treasury Chambers the 25''' October 1750 

H. Pellham 
To Our very loving ffriend W'" Pitt Esq'' Pay G. Littclton 

M'' General of his Majesty's fforces — J. Campbell 

An Account of the Expences which have arisin within his Majes- 
tys Province of New Hampshire, On the Intended Expedition against 
Canada, Assistance sent to Nova Scotia, & other Extraordinary Ser- 
vices liquidated & adjusted — 

To Disburstments on the Levying arm- Summs charg'd. summ Liquidated 
ing & Cloathing a Regim' raisd within 
the said Province for the service of 
the Intended Expedition, & sending a 
Detachm* of the said Regiment to the 

succour of Nova Scotia, & for other i s d £, s d 

Contingent Expences . . . 14967. 4. 10^ 5593- 5- 31 



To the Pa)- of the Non Commission summs charg'd. Smnm Liquidated. 

Officers, & private Soldiers of the said 

Regim^ rais'd within the Province N. 

Hampshire for the Intended Expedi- 
tion against Canada, with the Usual 

Deduction of One Shilling in the 

Pound & one Days Pay '^ Ann. of 

Each Man for Chelsea Hospitall . 9859,, 7 9859^ 7 

To the Pay of the Commission Officers 

of the said Regiment with the usual 

Deduction of One Shilling in the 

Pound, & one Days Pay ^^ Ann. of 

each Officer for Chelsea Hospitall . 6472. 3. 6 5994. 4- ii| 

^31298. 8. I if 21446. 10. io| 


[ WajTant for Rc-inibiirsing N'civ Hampshire for Expenses of Cape 
Breton Expedition, 17 50.] 

George R. 

Our Will & Pleasure is that by Vertue of our General Letters, of 
Privy Seal bearing Date the 26th Day of June 1727, & in pursuance 
of the Clause for Appropriating the supplys granted by Parliam' for 
the Service of the Year 1748 contained in an Act pass'd in the 
Twenty first year of our Reign whereby it is enacted, that out of the 
said Supplys a Sum not exceeding ^16355,, I3»» 4 shou'd or might 
be Issu'd or apply'd for Reimbursing to the Colony of New Hamp- 
shire their Expences in taking & Securing to the Crown of Great 
Britain the Island of Cape Breton, & its Dependences, you Issue & 
pay, or cause to be Issued & paid out of any Treasure that is or shall 
be in the Receipt of our Exchequer Applicable to the Uses afore- 
mentioned linto our Trusty & Wellbeloved John Thomlinson of Lon- 
don Merch^or his Assigns, who as Agents for the said Colony of New 
Hampshire is duly Authoriz'd for this purpose, the said Sum of 
^16355,, 13,, 4 without Deduction in full Satisfaction & Discharge of 
all the Expences the said Colony was at in the said Expedition as 
stated in the Accounts thereof, which were examin'd by our Com- 
mand, & laid before our House of Commons, & are approved by us, 
which said Sum is to be reced by the said John Thomlinson without 
Account Imprest or other Charge to be set on him in our Exchequer 


for the same, & for so doing this shall by your Warrant, Given at our 

Court at S' James's this 19'^ December 1750 in the 24th year of our 

Reign By his Majesty's Command 

H. Pelham 
G. Lyttelton 
J. Campbell 

To the Commissioners of our Treasury — Geo. Grenville 

[Thouilinson and Trccothick to Atkinson. Copy '^ Bnicc\~\ 
[Belknap Papers, Vol. I., p. 159.] 

London 20th Septem' 1751 
The" Atkinson Esq"" 

Sir — Our last was of the 14th Aug'^ '^ Hallowell, since which we 
are favour'd with yours 26th July, & 2d Aug' & note your Directions 
about the Ballance of your Acco^ which we hope to render you ^ 
the next Conveyance as the Settlement with M"" Killby is now com- 
pleated — the Ballance shall be laid out in Stock as you desire — Our 
J. T. has been at the Custom House on your affairs, & has sent your 
Power of Attorney — your Sallery will be reced very soon as it only 
waits for the Comptroller's Examination of your Accounts The Bills 
for jC,20 — in favour W"" Pearson, & for ^18. 10/ drawn by Hinox & 
Co. of Madeira are paid, & plac'd to your Acco' The Sundrys you 
order are getting ready and shall be shipt you by Cap" Winslow, who 
we Expect will sail in about 10 or 14 Days — 

The New Hampshire Acco'* are dayly expected from Barbadoes, 
when they come to hand, shall Immediately render Cap" Pike's Acco'. 
the Papers Inclos'd relating to Jon-"* Greens Prize Money shall be 
taken due care of — There is a Ballance of £,2. 10. 2 due to Cap" 
Davis which shall be shipt him with your Goods agreable to his 
Order — We are very sorry to find that the Disorders in your Gov- 
ernment still subsist, but are not without hopes that some Measures 
will be taken soon to put an End to them — We are with great Re- 
spect, Sir, Your most hum*^ Servants, 

Thomlinson & Trecothick 

London 7''' October 1751 

Sir The Bearer Cap* Winslow having filled his Ship before your 

small Articles could possibly be got ready, we can only inclose your 

Inv° & Bill Lading for three Casks Nails by him and £2}^,, 2,, 3"^ the 

Box cont^' the remainder of your Order is ready, & will be shipp'd 


you on the four Brothers Cap' Smith, who we hope will sail very soon, 
as he is to take in all the Goods shut out of this Ship — we shall then 
write you again, interim we remain very respectfully — 
Sir your most Humble Serv** 

Thomlinson & Trecothick 

8'h Ocf 
we have prevailed on the Cap'" to take your Box & have included 
it in the Bill Lading — in it are 4I doz Gloves for Cap" Tho^ Davis, 
also a p"" Stays & a Scale for Coll^ Meserve, who are to pay you their 
proportion of the Charge on yo'' Box, — 

\Thomlinson to Atkinson?\ 
[Belknap Papers, Vol. I., p. 161.] 

London y'^ 21^' of Sepf 1750 
Sir Since my last I have not Any of your Fav""- to Acknowledge, 
or have I time by this conveyance to do more than only tell you, that 
I am now well assured that the Money granted for the intended Ex- 
pedition Against Canada, will be Issu'd in all the next month, when 
I shall receive what is due to you And the other officers of Your 
Regiment, Your Accounts will have Credit for the Same, And shall 
not fail to advise you thereof, And Am with great truth & Esteem — 
Sir Your most hum' Ser' 

John Thomlinson — 

\TJioviliiison to Atkinsoii. Copy '^ O liver. '\ 
[Belknap Papers, Vol. L, p. 163.] 

East Barnet 19"" July 175 1 — 
Theodore Atkinson Esq"^ 

Sir — I have your ffavour of the 10"' April here with me, & tho' I 
have wrote you in C° with M'' Trecothick, yet I have some things to 
mention to you that are not Compting House affairs : All your Papers 
were lost that were sent by M"" Solly, so I hope you will send Dupli- 
cates as well as the Papers M"" Paris & I have wrote for, respecting 
the Dispute of Fort Dummer, or Authenticated Proofs that they are 
deny'd you by the Government of the Massachusetts Bay — The gov. 
ernment here will have nothing further to do with any Dispute abt 



the money granted, & paid on Acco' the affairs of Canada & Louis- 
burg. I apply'd to the Treasury for their Lordships Directions (to 
send to your Province) how the Money shou'd be apply'd for sinking 
the Paper Money of your Province : I was given to understand that 
it was Expected it shoud be apply'd by the Province to the calling in, 
& sinking the Paper Money of the Province, but they wou'd not give 
me any Directions about it : I told M"" Secritary West that the Par- 
liament in the Granting the said Money, have given the Lords of the 
Treasury a Discretionary Power, & therefore I begg'd to have some 
Directions how it was to be apply'd : he answer'd : they had paid 
me the Money, & wou'd have nothing further to do with it, thus the 
Case stands, & as I wrote you the Province has now near ;^30,ooo 
Neat Money (all ffees & Commissions paid) laying dead ; lock'd up in 
the Bank, & if your Government won't agree to do what is here ex- 
pected from them, that is, to do Justice by calling in and sinking 
your Paper Money ; They shou'd consider the Province's Intrest so 
ffar as not to let a Sum of Money lay dead but give orders that it 
may be Invested in some Government Fund, here, as it will bring in 
an Interest of near ;£900 "^ Ann. Sterling : I dare not Venture to 
lay out a Farthing of it without an Act of the Legislature of your 
Province, & that cannot be done neither till the other Members are 
admitted, for I find if the Governer attempts to transact any kind of 
Business with the House, untill those Members be admitted, it must 
be at his Peril and as this Money lays Entirely at my Disposal, I won- 
der my ffriends in your Province are not affraid of my running away 
[with] it, however if the House of Representatives wou'd be so 
wise as to admitt the new Members (as they must be oblig'd to do, & 
I think, now before long) & proceed to Business Properly ; I shou'd 
think they wou'd chuse a comittee to be join'd to a Committee of his 
Majesty's Councill, & call in, and sink the Paper Money, and give the 
Possessors thereof Bills of Exch'' for the Respective Sums so bro't in 
bv them, at the rate of P2xchanG,-e as the Massachusetts have done, 
and advise me properly of such Sums drawn on me, & they shall be 
paid punctually, or if they think proper to order me to buy Silver, 
& send it over, I shall readily do it : but the former Method will be 
saving Freight, Insurance, and other charges — An Act has 
pass'd this Session of Parliament for regulating and Restraining the 
Paper Money in N E : I have herewith sent you the same : It is not 
(in my Opinion) so perfect as was design 'd, but it was the best, & all 
we cou'd get, & I hope it will be strictly observ'd, & whatever you, 
and others, knowing in Money Affairs, shall find wanting in this Law, 
Pray let me know before the next Sessions of Parliament The West 
India Planters and Merchants attempted at the Board of Trade & 


House of Commons to obtain a Prohibition of all Trade between the 
Northern Collonys & the French & Dutch Sugar Collonys : ffor my 
Part : that tho' a West India Merch' I saw this Attempt in such a 
Light, that in Spite of all Connections with the Sugar Islands, 
and the large Property I have therein, I oppos'd it Openly with all 
the power and Interest I was Master of and declar'd I did it out of 
Principle, & as a Private Merch' tho I was oblig'd to attend it as an 
Agent, but as an Agent I was oblig'd to do as the others did, that is, 
to ask for time to be Instructed from my Principal and upon that 
Point we got it put off for this year, and I was in hopes the West- 
Indians, from what they met with in this Application, would not have 
had any ffurther thoughts of applying, but last Week I was serv'd with a 
Notice that they designto apply next Sessessions that we may want no 
proper Instructions from our respective Provinces, therefore have 
sent you a Copy of said Notice (as Secretary) and I hope you & all 
the other Provinces will send proper Directions to their Respective 
Agents to be here in Octo"" next, and I shou'd be glad that you and 
the other Gentlemen of your Province wou'd get me an Acco. how 
many Ships & Vessels have gone (in a year ffor 6 or 7 years back, 
distinguishing each year) directly from your Place to our own Sugar 
Islands, and come back directly from thence with Sugar Rum, and 
Molasses, and (as near as you can) the full Ouantitys they have 
brought with them from thence of those Commoditys. and I wou'd 
also have you send me (as you have it from M'' Wentworth's, M"" 
Odiorne's, M"" Moffatt's and M"" Warner's Books) the low Price that 
their Lumber & Fish have sold for in our West India Islands these 
two last years, and the high Prices they have been oblig'd to pay for 
their Sugar, Rum, & Molasses in our Sugar Collonys, & also let me 
know if the Masters of these Ships cou'd have so much Molasses as 
they wanted in any of our own Sugar Islands, and let me have all 
these Papers properly Authenticated & they will be of great use in 
this affair, and you must also send me a Particular Acco' of all the 
Various Uses Molasses are put to in your Fishery, in your Shipping, 
and Trade and by the Artificer, Farmer, Mast Cutters Labourer, & 
Soldier, and -the fatal Effect it must have upon N E in Generall, and 
upon your Province in Particular to be prevented from being supply'd 
with a proper Quantity of Molasses, & at as cheap a Rate as possible 
and that our own Sugar Collonys cannot supply you with the Quan- 
tity you want, or will they let you have any if they can avoid it, 
therefore if you shou'd be restrain'd from having it from the French, 
and Dutch in your own Navigation, & in return ffor your Lumber, 
and refuse Fish, the French will not only supply their own, & the 
Dutch Sugar Collonys with Lumber, and Fish in their Navigation, 


and cannot be prevented, as the Coasts of N E. are of such vast Ex- 
tent, and full of Creeks, and Bays, of good Arbours, & so near Cape 
Breton : I think all Partys, and every body concerned in Trade, or in 
the Wellfare of the Northern Collonys, and not only in your Province 
but in every Province of North America, shou'd apply strictly to the 
Providing these Acco^^ & whatever Matters, and things they may 
think will be of service in preventing this evil design'd them, and 
supply their Agents therewith properly, & in time, & [Torn.] your 
Province will not be wanting in doing what I here advise [Torn.] else 
you may think needfull and for my Part I shall not be wanting in 
making the best use of them in my Power — My Books will now very 
soon be settled to the ist this Month, the time of the Commence- 
ment of my Partnership with M'' Trecothick, and then you, and every 
body else I have dealings with will have your Accounts. When I 
wrote you by the first Spring Ships I then told you that you shou'd 
soon have all the Officer's Acco*^ belonging to your Regiment, and 
also the Province Accounts, and you shou'd have had long since, only 
here is M'' Killby and some others, who have Demands, and tho' they 
might have settled with me, & had their Money any time since the 
1st Nov"" yet have not done it : I want very much to settle those Mat- 
ters, and get rid of the Money, and have all Acco"' finish'd and am 
very Truely Sir your most humble Servant 

John Thomlinson 

[Page 165, Atkinson to Thomlinson, concerning Mason's purchase, 
is printed in Vol. VI., p. 893. — P^d.] 

[^Depositions relative to Trade and Commerce betzveen A^ew HampsJiire 
and the West India Islands, 175 1.] 

[Copied from Hibbard Collections, Vol. III., pp. 172-3.] 

The Deposition of Philip Reed and David Horney both of Ports- 
mouth in the Province of New Hampshire in New P^ngland mariners 
who Testify that they have been masters of vessel! s, the said Reed 
for more than twenty «S: the said Horney for near thirty years last 
past and have been well acquainted with the Trade between the 
Northern Colonies and the West India English Islands «S: especially 
from New Hamp'' aforesaid that there are more than Six Vessells now 
Trading from this Place to the West Indies that return directly back 
here again for one that there was when these Dej^on'^ first were 


acquainted with the Trade that they have been most of the time above 
mentioned employed in this Trade and know that there is a great 
Difference in the Price of the Goods w'^'' is carried to the said Islands 
from the North as Lumber Provisions «S: fish from what it was ten 
years ago those goods being now Generally so Plenty there that they 
dont sell for half the price they formerly did & sometimes for less 
than the prime cost and the West India goods as Rum Sugar and 
mollases cost now more than Double what they did a few years since 
& mollases can scarcely ever be had at the English Islands only what 
they purchase & import from the French & Dutch Islands with the 
Lumber & other Produce of the Northern Colonies. That the mas- 
ters can very seldom get as much mollases as the owners order at any 
Rate the English in the said Islands Distilling much more than for- 
merly and the demand from the North greatly Increasing That there 
is every year a growing Demand for all West India goods in the 
Northern Colonies as they Increase vastly more than the Settlements 
in the West Indies and those goods being us'd in the fishery Lumber 
Business & other Laborious Services in Great Quantities in all the 
Northern Colonies. That the English Islands cannot afford a suffi- 
cient supply especially of mollases to the said Colonies at such prices 
as they can possibly purchase and that it cannot be got of the Pro- 
duce of those Islands. And the said Horney adds that when he has 
been at Martineco he has seen the English Traders from Barbadoes 
come with Provisions & traded for french Goods — 

Philip Reed 
David Horney 

{Depositions of NatJianicl Jones, Samuel Frost, and JoJui Bria7'd.'\ 

Nathaniel Jones cS: Samuel Frost both of said Portsmouth Testify 
that they have been masters of vessells for several years past That 
they have been chiefly employed in the West India Trade, and John 
Briard another master of a vessell for more than Ten years who also 
Testifies and says that Lumber fish & Provisions are now generally so 
plenty in the West Indies sent there from the Northern Colonies that 
those goods do not sell for half the price they us'd to do Seven or 
Ten years since. That the price of Rum Sugar & mollases is more 
than Double what they us'd to be at the said Islands, & the Demand 
in the Northern Colonies vastly greater than usual so long since that 
mollases cannot be got at the English Islands only as tis Imported 
from the french, Dutch & Danes that this is a frequent Practice the 


West India Traders sending the Produce of the Northern Colonies 
to purchase their mollases & selling it to the Northern Colonies That 
Rum Sugar (S: mollases is sold at Portsmouth for more than three 
times as much as it was Ten years ago That the Consumption of 
those goods is Increasing in the Northern Colonies every year That 
moUasses could not be had at any Rate if there was none Imported 
but what might be had from the said Islands of their own manufac- 
ture That all these goods are of absolute necessity &: especially 
mollases to the People in the Northern Colonies in allmost every 
branch of their Business ■ — Nath^ Jones 

Sam^ Ffrost 
]n° Briard 

{Deposition of Matthias Haines.~\ 

[Ibid, p. 173.] 

Matthias Haines of Portsmouth in New Hamp"" in New England 
on oath Declares that the foregoing Deposition is True the said 
Hains haveing been master of a vessell Tradeing to the West Indies 
from Portsmouth aforesaid for many years last past 

Matthias Haines 

[The foregoing depositions were sworn to by the several signers, 
at Portsmouth, October 29, 1751, before Samuel Hart. — Ed.] 

[Governor Wentwort/i to Board of Trade a7id Plantations, 1751.] 

[Copied from the English Archives for the New Hampshire Histori- 
cal Society, 1888.] 

Public Record Office of England 

Colonial Correspondence — Board of Tiade — New Hampshire 

Banning Wentworth to Board of Trade 23 March 1 750/1 

L. S. 

Endorsed — New Hampshire. Letter from M"" Wentworth Gov'' 
of New Plampshire, dated at Portsmouth y'^ 23'''' of March 1 750/1 
giving y*" Board an Account of the Boundaries & Situation of that 



Province, & transmitting Copies of some Papers relating to the Con- 
tinuance of liis old Dispute with the Assembly about the choice of a 
Speaker, — & admitting New Members, &c, Rec'^ July y^ 13"' 175 1 

Read April 29"' 1752 

Enclosing John Tufton Mason to Theo : Atkinson, deed, ^30 July 
1746 — J. Tufton Mason, deed, 11 Dec. 1750 — Wentworth's message 
to Assembly 28 Sept. J 750 — Assembly's message to Wentworth 3 
Oct. 1750 — Wentworth's message to Assembly 4 Oct. 1750 — Para- 
graph of Charles IPs commission to Ed. Cranfield'9 May 1694. • -^^ 

Portsmouth March 23'' 1750. 
May it please your Lordships 

In obedience to your Lordships Commands, I herewith transmitt, 
a plan of the Province of New Hampshire, which I think is as per- 
fect as it could be done, with respect to the Geography The Histor- 
ical description of the Old Province of New Hampshire will be short 
as it was originally a Grant made by the Council of Plymouth to 
Captain John Mason, bearing Date November 7"' 1629 and contains 
all that Part of the main land from the middle of Merrimac River 
Northwards along the Sea Coast to Piscataqua River, and up said 
River to the Further head thereof, and from thence Northwestward 
untill three score Miles be finished From the Entrance of Piscataqua 
River, and allso from Merrimac through the said River to the 
Furthest head thereof, and thence in to the Land Westward, untill 
three score miles be finished, and from thence to Cross over land to 
the three score Mile End accounted from the Entrance of Piscataqua 
River, which said Portion of Lands, the said Mason called by the 
name of New Hampshire. 

In 1679 His Majesty King Charles the second took all that part of 
New England, Then and since known by the name of New Hamp- 
shire into His own immediate Government, and by Letters Patent 
Commissioned a President [John Cutt] and Council to take upon them 
the Government of New Hampshire, Declaring therein that the Gov- 
ernment had -never been yet granted, and therefore Creates, and gives 
the power of Government over the said Tract of Land granted to 
Mason to the said President and Council. This my Lords is the 
state of New Hampshire with regard to the grant made by the Coun- 
cil of Plymouth to Mason in 1629. 

Upon a long dispute between the Massachusetts Bay and New 
Hampshire, on February 9'^ 1736 His Majesty was pleased by His 
order in Council, to direct that a Commission should be prepared and 
passed under the great Seal, authorizing Commissioners to mark out 


the Dividing line between the Province of the Massachusetts Bay and 
New Hampshire, giving Liberty to either party therein, who thought 
tliemselves agrieved to appeal therefrom to His Majesty in Council. 
In pursuance of His Majesties Said Commission, Commissioners met, 
and reported their Determination specially, upon which both Provinces 
appealed to His Majesty in Council, and after all parties had been heard 
their Lordships were pleased to report to His Majesty as their opin- 
ion, That the Northern boundaries of the Massachusetts Bay, are 
and be a Similar Curve Line, Pursuing the Course of Merrimac River at 
three Miles distance from the North side thereof, Beginning at the 
Atlantic Ocean, and Ending at a point due North of a place in the 
plan returned by the said Commissioners called Pautucket falls, and 
a strait Line drawn from thence due West, cross the said River, till 
it meets with His Majesties other Governments, and that the rest of 
the Commissioners said report or determination be affirmed by His 
Majesty, In 1739 His Majesty was pleased with the advice of His 
Privy Council to approve of their Lordships opinion, and to Confirm 
it accordingly ; In Consequence thereof the lines have been marked 
out and transmitted to your Lordships. 

It was likewise His Majesties Pleasure to put all the Lands between 
the Province of the Massachusetts Bay and the Province of Main, to 
the Westward of Mason's grant under my Government, and the de- 
scription of New Hampshire at this time is especially in the words of 
His Majesties said determination. Whereas in all former Commis- 
sions from the Crown to my predecessors, it was only called our 
Province of New Hampshire. 

Your Lordships will be pleased to observe by the plan, that the 
Eastern boundary on the Atlantic is very narrow. It not being more 
than sixteen miles and a half from the mouth of Piscataqua Harbour 
to Merrimac River, but as the Course on Merrimac is West, and the 
General course of Piscataqua River tends to the Northward, it is Ca- 
pable of making a Government of equal Consequence to the Crown 
as His Majesties other Governments, If the new Settlements are not 
interrupted by a war, P^or during the Continuance of a war our num- 
bers decrease. The young men chooseing rather to go into the Mer- 
chants Service by Sea, than to hazzard their lives in making settle- 
ments on the I'^ronticrs, where they must be Exposed to the Indian 

New Hampshire is Lock't in between the Government of the Mas- 
sachusetts l^ay, and the Province of Main, and not being able to 
extend its Western settlements more than thirty miles from the sea 
while the dispute of boundaries was Subsisting with the Massachu- 
setts Bay, no encroachment has been made by the Erench, which are 


the only Subjects of any foreign Prince that borders on, or can pos- 
sibly Interfere with the settlements of His Majesties Subjects in the 
Province of New Haitipshire. 

The only settlement the French have made, nearer than Mount 
Real and Quebec, is the Fort at Crown point, at or near the mouth 
or Entrance of the great lake Chamblea, which according to His 
Majesties determination of the Western boundary of this Govern- 
ment, must fall in New Hampshire, its situation is about one hun- 
dred and fifty miles from the sea, and bears according to the best 
information 1 can procure nearest West Northerly from the Entrance 
of Piscataqua Harbour.. 

As I have related to your Lordships everything I could collect 
respecting my Government, in conformity to the Commands I re- 
ceived, so I think it my duty to be particular in observing the altera- 
tions that have been made from time to time in Masons original grant 
since 1629 more especially as I think the last alteration in the Prop- 
erty affects the Crown in the revenue that would have otherwise 
arisen from the Quit rents, and when your Lordships have Considered 
the Circumstances attending the several Conveyances, which I shall 
endeavour to set in as clear a Light as possible you may judge whether 
the Crown has the right of Soil, as well as Government, which I 
conceive it has, and therefore previous to the last Conveyance and to 
prevent all future disputes, I used My endeavours with the Assembly 
to purchase for the Crown not only Masons right but Aliens right 
allso, In which I could not succeed, my reasons for it will appear 
under Masons Conveyance to Allen. 

King James the second November 3'' 1620 Grants to the Council 
of Plymouth the Continent Called New P^ngland situate between the 
Lattitude of forty and forty eight degrees North. 

November 7"' 1629, The Council of Plymouth Grants to Captain 
John Mason that Tract of Land Between Merrimac and Piscataqua 
River, allso Sixty Miles into the Country — 

June 7^'' 1635. The Council of Plymouth Surrendered their Char- 
ter to the Crown. 

November 26*'' 1635 Captain John Mason makes his will and soon 
after dies in England, bequeathing among other Legacies, the grant 
made by the Council of Plymouth of New Hampshire, to his Grand- 
son John Tuffton to hold to him, and the heirs of his body Lawfully 
begotten, the remainder to Robert Tuffton. 

Captain John Mason left Issue one daughter, who married Joseph 
Tuffton Esq*" in England, by whom he had two Sons John Tuffton 
and Robert Tuffton — John dies without issue, and in 1675 S'' William 


Jones and S"" Francis Winninton the then attorney and Solicitor Gen- 
eral, gave it as their opinion that Robert Mason, who by the will of 
Captain John was to Change his name from Robert Tiiffton, to Rob- 
ert Mason, had a good and Legal right to the Lands Conveyed by 
Cap' John Mason which were Called New Hampshire. 

In 1686 Robert Tuffton Mason sells to Usher and others Six miles 
on each side Merrimac River beginning at Souhegan river on Merri- 
mac, and ending at the mouth of Winnepisseoke pond, being part of 
the original grant, and entailed, by the said John on the said Robert. 
About this time Robert Tuffton Mason dies and leaves issue two sons 
John and Robert. This Tract of land is commonly called the million 
acre Grant or purchase. 

In 1690 — John and Robert joyn in sueing out a Common Recov- 
ery in Westminster Hall, at Michaelmas Term, declaring the land to 
be in the County of Kent, By which the Entail was dock't, and they 
both sell to Samuel Allen Eso/ of London, the whole of the Grant 
made to Captain John Mason of New Hampshire, — Soon after John 
the Elder died without Issue, Robert died about 1699 and left one 
Son and three Daughters, the Son John Tuffton died in 1718 and left 
two Sons John Tuffton and Thomas Tuffton. — John Calls himself 
John Tuffton Mason but without any act of Government for the 

In 1698 — Samuel Allen sues several of the Inhabitants of the old 
Towns of New Hampshire, but was Cast in both Courts. He then 
appeals to Her Majesty in Council, and upon hearing both parties, 
the judgment of our Courts was affirmed by Her Majesty Queen Ann. 

In 1701 Octo' 14"' — Samuel Allen mortgages the whole of His 
interest to Usher with Liberty of Redemption till October 14''' 1703 
— But it never was Redeemed ; about this time Samuel Allen dies 
and Leaves Issue one Son Thomas Allen. 

In 1706 Thomas Allen only son and heir to Samuel Allen sells one 
quarter part of his interest in New Hampshire to S'' Charles Hobby, 
allso one quarter part more to Carleton Vanburg for the account of 
S'' Charles Hobby, by which S'' Charles became one half owner of 
New Hampshire, But never in his Life time sued for possession nor 
his Heirs since his decease. 

In the year 1716 — Governor Shute in His Commission from the 
Crown was impowered to Grant the waste and unimproved Lands in 
New Hampshire, and all succeeding Governors have done the same, 
as Settlers appeared to Cultivate the Lands, so that it appears to me 
that the Crown has been in possession of this Government from the 
year 1698, which was the last demand made in the law by those that 
held under Mason's grant from the Council of Plymouth, untill John 


Tuffton, who has taken upon him the name of John Tuffton Mason, 
who is one of the Surviving Grandsons of Robert Mason and one of 
the surviving sons of John Tuffton who died in 171 8 The said John 
sues out a common Recovery in our Courts in June 1746 — and sells 
his right to sundry persons as by the deed herewith transmitted to 
your Lordships will appear. 

September 30''' 1749 The said John Tuffton, or John Tuffton Ma- 
son makes another deed of Conveyance by his attornies, ratifieing it 
11^^ December 1750 to the same persons and some others with an 
Enlargement of his Claim, as by that deed allso herewith transmitted 
will fully appear both of which were given in Consequence of the 
Common Recovery in 1746. 

This new Proprietor appears upon the advice of the Lawyers, who 
say, that the Common Recovery sued out in Westminster Hall at 
Michaelmas term by John and Robert Mason, previous to the Con- 
veyance made by them to Samuel Allen Esq'' was Illegal, for that it 
could not be done in England, but must be done in the Country 
where the Estate was. For which reason they, the Gentlemen of the 
Law, advised Cap' John Tuffton Mason to sue out a Common Recov- 
ery in our Courts which he has accordingly done, and the sheriff has 
given him possession, and he Conveys his title to the Lands to the 
persons mentioned in the above deeds. 

I have my Lords taken a great deal of Pains, and spent much time 
in Collecting every Circumstance attending the original Grant to 
Mason from the Council of Plymouth, and the purchasers under him, 
to this time, from which I shall hope for His Majesties further Com- 
mands, more Especially as the last purchasers from John Tuffton 
Mason, have taken upon them to grant Lands and Lay out Town- 
ships, to the Westward of the old Towns, which the people at present 
are very fond to take up, as it exempts them from paying the quit 
rents, reserved by His Majesty in the grants to be made by me : It 
was my resolution when the purchase was first made, to have com- 
menced an action against the New purchasers. But upon advising 
with the Kings attorney, I found that it was his opinion that the Ju- 
ries would allways give their virdicts in favour of the proprietors. So 
I thought it best to procure the Deeds, and prepare every other circum- 
stance relative to the claim, and transmitt them to your Lordships 
for your Consideration. 

If the Common Recovery sued out in England by John and Robert 
in 1690, is Legal, then the right is in the heirs of Samuel Allen, and 
as M"" Allen gave a large sum of money, viz* Five thousand pounds 
Sterling, Three thousand Pounds whereof he paid down and gave his 
bond for ;^2000. the remainder, I should think he could not part with 


such a sum of money without the opinion of the ablest Lawyers, 
that his title was Legal. By the Common Recovery made in West- 
minster Hall by John and Robert of whom he purchased, esteeming 
it to be so, was my reason for advising the assembly to purchase Al- 
len's right at the same time that they could have purchased Mason's, 
The Heirs of Thomas Allen would have sold at a Reasonable price, 
and Mason sold his right for about one hundred and thirty pounds 
Sterling, reserving two fifteenths to himself. 

I have been useing my endeavours with the new purchasers to make 
a Tender of their purchase to the Crown, Some are for it. But the 
majority are for reserving it to themselves. So I have no further 
expectation to have it done in that way, which will make it necessary 
for me to have your Lordships Directions herein for my future 

From the first Constitution of this Government in 1679, ^^ ^"^^^ either 
been under the Government of the president of the Council, a Lieu- 
tenant Governor, or the Governor of the Massachusetts Bay. 

So long as the President of the Council or the Lieutenant Gover- 
nor presided, the Assemblies from time to time made great encroach- 
ments on the Prerogative, For unless they would Condesend to the 
Assembly in all points though never so inconsistant they could not 
obtain any grants from them for their services, and from the beginning 
of Queen Ann's reign untill the year 1741 the Governor of the Massa- 
chusetts Bay was allso Governor of New Hampshire. When the 
Assemblies had great opportunities of invading the prerogative allso, 
The Governor only coming into the Province once a year. Hold- 
ing a General Assembly for the most part not exceeding fifteen days, 
in which time the Governor received his Sallary, and then returned 
to his other Government where his greatest proffitts arose, under 
these disadvantages in 1741 I arrived in my Government where I 
scarse found the shadow of Prerogative, but the whole was changed 
into the priviledge of the People. 

I have endeavoured gradually to introduce the rights of the Crown, 
but have as constantly been opposed by the Assemblies, and it would 
have been less difficult for me to have established the Kings authority 
where there never had been any Government before, than to bring 
these people off from practices they have so long exercised and in a 
manner without Controul. 

In such a Country as this, it is no difficult matter for two or three 
desining persons, under pretence of defending the liberties of the 
people and opposing the Kings Governor, to obtain followers. This 
is the Case with the present Assembly, which principally consists of 
such as are very little acquainted with men or the world, and so easily 


led aside from their duty by specious jDretenders : The present fac- 
tion in the Assembly is carried on by Richard Waldron Esq"" and Two 
or three more Richard Waldron Esq'' was suspended from His Majes- 
ties Council in 1741, for detaining a Letter to me on His Majesties 
Service from General Wentworth who Commanded His Majesties 
Land Forces in the West Indies, desiring me to procure recruits for 
the army under his Command, My reasons for suspending him I 
immediately transmitted to His Majesties principal Secretary of State, 
and to your Lordships board, and it not having been His Majesties 
pleasure to restore him to his Seat in the Council, he in the last 
Election obtained a choice in one of the Inland Towns for a repre- 
sentative, and by his acceptance of that choice and being sworn into 
the Lower House, he has resign'd his seat in Council, by which there 
will be another vacancy, among others I shall hereafter mention, 
During the dispute with the present assembly I have spent a good 
deal of time in searching the Council Records and examining the 
Commissions from the Crown to my Predecessors ; among which I 
find a Clause in King Charles the Second's Commission to E. Cran- 
field Esq*", That every Member of the Council suspended by the Gov- 
ernor, or displaced by the Kmg shall be incapable during such 
vacancy, and after being so displaced, to be a Member of the General 
Assembly ; The aforesaid Paragraph authenticated by the Secretary 
I herewith transmitt to your Lordships ; from which the original 
Commission may be refer'd to. 

By the advice of His Majesties Council I have kept the General 
Assembly under short adjournments and prorogations, which the 
council thought the surest way to bring them to a sense of their duty. 
But I dont see it is like to have any good effect on their behaviour, 
for they seem rather inclined to hazzard His Majesties Displeasure, 
than give up the points of proceeding to the choice of a New Speaker 
and admitting the New Members, which the leaders have pursuaded 
the people to believe was an encroachment on their Privileges ; My 
two last Messages and their answer to the former I herewith trans- 
mitt to your Lordships, But as I am in daily expectation of receiv- 
ing His Majesties further Commands, upon the representations I 
have heretofore made, whereby I may be reliev'd from my present 
anxiety, I shall not further particularize. 

By the death of George Jaffrey Esq"" President of the Council, allso 
by the death of Jotham Odiorne and Joseph Sherburne Esq''* there 
are three vacant seats in the Council, and by the resignation of Richard 
Waldron Esq'' who has taken a seat in the Assembly, If your Lord- 
ships should think him unworthy of his seat hereafter, there will be 
four vacancies, which I meet with difficulty to fill up. 


The allowance made by the Assembly being but Five shillings a 
day for a Councellors attendance, and if he lives out of town he will 
be in debt Twenty shillings for each days attendance, Besides Giving 
his time to the public, For which reason It is Difficult to find suitable 
persons that will pay the Fees of the offices in takeing out their 
Mandamus, Which I am to be assured of before I recommend Them 
— And I am the more at a loss at this Juncture, as the Gentlemen 
concern'd in Mason's Purchase were the persons best qualified, and 
On Whom I depended to fill up the present vacancies In His Majes- 
ties Council, But as there are three In the Council Allready concerned 
in that purchase Viz' Theodore Atkinson, Richard Wibird and Samuel 
Solly Esq""* I dont think it for His Majesties Service to increase their 
power at the Council board, Untill I receive His Majesties Commands 
Concerning the said purchase ; But if your Lordships Should Be of 
the opinion that the appointment of the Gentlemen concern'd in that 
purchase would not Affect His Majesties Interest, I should recom- 
mend to fill up The vacancies any of the following Gentlemen, who 
Are men of the best Estates we have, and I think I Can place Con- 
fidence in them to do the Kings Business in all regards, But where it 
affects Mason's Purchase, Viz^ Joshua Peirce, Mark Hunking Went- 
worth, George Jaffrey, Thomas Wallingford Jotham Odiorne, and 
John Moffatt Esq''^ allso Daniel Warner and Joseph Newmarch Esq''^ 
The two last Are no ways concerned in Mason's right. 

The next obstruction that I am like To meet with is, with the Gov- 
ernment of New York concerning the Extent of the Western and 
Northern boundary of this Government. By His Majesties Com- 
mission the boundary fixed between New Hampshire and the Massa- 
chusetts Bay is a West Line untill it meets with His Majesties other 
Governments, and to determine where the West line Interferes with 
the Government of New York, Governor Clinton and I Have agreed 
to submitt it To His Majesty without having any Controversy, and 
To make our respective representations to your Lordships and to His 
Majesties Principal Secretary of State. 

As the Extent of Western and Northern boundary of New Hamp- 
shire intirely depends On His Majesties pleasure, I need only Inform 
your Lordships that Commissioners from the Crown Have settled the 
boundary between New York and Connecticutt at Twenty miles east 
of Hudson's River. The Massachusetts Bay have allow'd the Gov- 
ernment of New York To extend their Claim Allso Twenty Miles 
East of Hudson's River, and Have carried on their settlements, in 
Conformity Thereunto, one Renesslaer, Claims twenty four Miles 
square on the East, and Twenty four Miles Square on the West side 
of Hudson's River, a Tract Of land sufficient for thirty two Town- 


ships of Six Miles square Each, and comprehends more good land Than 
any other subject in His Majesties Dominions ; But Renesslaer has 
not thought fit to Contend with The Massachusetts for the four miles ; 
Presumeing it will Be His Majesties pleasure that a North and South 
Line Should divide both the Massachusetts and New Hampshire From 
the Government of New York, I have Extended the western boundary 
of New Hampshire as far West As the Massachusetts have done 
theirs, That is within Twenty Miles of Hudsons river. It will allso 
be for the peace and benefit of both Governments if it should Be His 
Majesties pleasure to determine the Northern As well as Eastern 
boundary of New York. That it May be ascertained how many Miles 
North of the City of Albany that Government extends. As it will 
In its Northern and Eastern boundary. Interfere with the Western 
boundary of New Hampshire Which will keep both Governments 
from extending Their settlements beyond their own boundaries, and 
be Easily submitted to, Before the Inhabitants have Improved the 
Lands ; In virtue of Grants from Either Government. 

It will be necessary to inform your Lordships that the Government 
of New York was Founded on a Grant made by the Crown to the 
Duke of York, and that it was to commence at the Sea and Run sixty 
miles North into the Country ; which line Will cross Hudsons river 
about twenty miles South of the City of Albany. 

Another difficulty I labour under in The administration of my Gov- 
ernment, is, That while the appeals from both the Massachusetts Bay 
And New Hampshire were depending before His Majesty, The General 
Assembly of the Massachusetts Granted in the years 1735 and 1736 
upwards of thirty New Townships, the Conditions of which Grants, 
were. That the Grantees should settle the said Townships within 
three years after the date of their respective Grants, But by the neg- 
lect of the Grantees The Conditions have been fullfill'd by few or 
none, and in Consequence of these Grants many of the Proprietors 
of these Towns, have petition 'd to have their Grants Confirm'd by 
me, which I have offer'd to Oblige them in, on Condition of reserving 
to His Majesty the quit rents appointed to be reserved by My In- 
structions, and reserving allso all white pine Trees growing on said 
Lands fit for masting the Royall Navy, There being no reservation 
made of said pine Trees in the Grants made by the General Assem- 
bly of The Massachusetts. But hitherto none of the Grantees Will 
accept of my Grants on those Conditions, and if The original grantees 
and those possessing under Them Should still refuse. It will be for 
His Majesties Service That your Lordships take this matter under 
Consideration, and give me such directions therein, as may Put these 


Tracts of Land under immediate improvement. As for the Inter- 
sected Towns formerly Compiain'd of by The possessors holding un- 
der the Massachusetts I have With great difficulty Incorporated all 
such Towns to Their intire satisfaction, Except part of Northfield 
and that being a large Town, There is a sufficient Quantity of land 
lying within the boundary of the Massachusetts for a Township of 
more than six miles Square, That part which falls in New Hamp- 
shire has not more than four or five settlers on It, and without the 
Limits of Masons Grant, Which is the reason I apprehend those In- 
habitants Have not applied to be Erected into a Township, There 
is allso about sixty thousand Acres of Land Situate on the Western 
side of Connecticut river. Which was purchased by private persons 
from the Government of Connecticutt, which that Government Had 
laid out to them by the Government of the Massachusetts Bay, as an 
equivalent for two Or three Townships which the Massachusetts pur- 
chased from the Connecticutt Government, This Sixty thousand 
acres is under no Improvement, and the proprietors not being obliged 
To any time, it will lay unimproved, and free from any quit rent, Un- 
less I receive your Lordships Commands to lay it out into Townships, 
under the same Limitations with His Majesties other Lands adjoyn- 
ing to it. 

The map of the Province comes In a Long box directed to your 
Lordships, and as the French are our near neighbours to the North- 
ward, I thought it not improper To add the great Lake Chamblea 
which is In part settled by the subjects of the French King, It is 
put down with as much exactness As the situation of our affairs 
would admitt of. 

Since my Message to the Members of the General Assembly of 
October 4*'^ I750 which they have not thought proper To give any 
answer since to. There has Scarse Met a Quorum to enter upon busi- 
ness, though I have kept Them under monthly adjournments to this 
Time, and the Secretary has Constantly enquired from them whether 
they were Disposed To enter upon the affairs of the Province. From 
the present disposition They are in, I am persuaded unless I give Up 
the point of negativeing the speaker, and of the new Members they 
will continue The disputes, Untill they are compell'd by His Majes- 
ty's Commands'to Own His Authority, — I am — 

My Lords Your Lordships Most faithfull Servant 

B Wentworth 

The Rijrht Hon''^'= the Lords Commissioners For Trade and Planta- 


\TJi07nlinson &" TrccotJiick to Atkinsoji. Copy ^ Captain JoJinson.'\ 

[Belknap Papers, Vol. I., p. i66.] 

London 3^ Mar : 1752. 
The° Atkinson Esq'' 

Sir — Annexed is Coppy of our last since which we are favour'd 
with your Letter in C° with M'' Dan : Pierce relating to Mason's Right, 
which shall (if possible) be answer'd by this Conveyance — We have 
also reced your Favour of 30th Novem'' & now Inclose you the Ac- 
counts of the Several Officers in the Canada Expedition with whom 
you were concern'd, the Ballance of their respective Accounts Amount- 
ing to ^597. 12/ 7| & Lieu' Gerrish £,^„ 2,, 10^ is carried to yours, 
which is drawn out, & but for the Hurry we are now in, had been 
render'd you by this Conveyance, but shall certainly come very soon 
& for the future annually we received of M'' Jones for your Acco' 
the 4th Ultimo ^147,, 10,, — & have paid M"" How ;!^ii„ 13,, 4 being 
the Ballance of your Account with him — We note the Shoes sent 
you were too high priced : they were made by Hose of Lombard 
Street, who is reckoned the best maker in England, & tho' we think 
him very dear we are forced to Employ him in most of our orders for 
private use — the Boots you order'd were also made by him, & come 
^ this conveyance pack'd in a Box of M"" Wentworth's. you are 
charg'd for them 30/, & have credit for 27/ received ^ the Wilming- 
ton from M*" Nelson — Your Candlesticks are made but having no 
Entry of Plate in this Ship, we are oblig'd to keep them for some 
other — We are very sorry to find the Linnens were not to your Sat- 
isfaction which will not hereafter be the Case as we have fallen into 
another method of procuring Garletts, & all sorts of German Lin- 
nens, in ^ticular the former we now ship of the right Lloyd's Fab- 
rick, & upon at least as good Terms as they are shipped by that or 
any other House, and before we wou'd venture to advise our Friends 
of it, have been at the pains of making a Tryall of them, & submitted 
them to the Examination of our Friend Cha^ Apthorp Esq"" who ad- 
vises us they- are Superiour to those he Imported at the same time, 
& has order'd a large quantity this Spring that we hope in future to 
give full Satisfaction — We remain very Respectfully 
Sir, Your most Humble Servants 

Thomlinson & Trecothick 

We paid some time since ;^20 on your Account to Cap" Hunking. 



London 25'^ March 1752 
Sir The foregoing is Copy of our last, since w^^ we have not rec^ 
any of your Favours — inclosed is your Acco^ Cur' with M"' Thoin- 
linson as it stood 30'*^ June last, when his Books were closed, the Bal- 
lance being ;^I258,, 8,, 7 in your Favour is transferred to the Credit 
of your Acco' with us, w* is debited for the Goods shipp'd you "^ 
Briard, Hallowell & Winslow, as also for the Stock bo't & the Bills 
p^ as you have been advised — the Ballance now due to you shall be 
invested in Stock the first favourable Opportunity — Your pair of 
Candlesticks come "^ the Bearer in a Box of M'' Thomas Oxnaids 
who has promised his Care of them they cost as at foot ;Ci6„ 8/ 3^ 
& we hope will please — We remain 

Sir your most Humble Serv** — 

Thomlinson & Trecothick 


a p"" Table Candlesticks & Noss^ 46°^: hI*^"' @ 7/4 17,, 2, 3 

engraving emp'' Arms & Crest 7/ p' of Debenture 2/ 9, 

i/M II, 3 
deduct drawback i , 3, 

i6„ 8, 3 

[A letter from Thomlinson to Atkinson, dated March 6, 1752, con- 
cerning Mason's claim, is printed in Vol. VI., p. 895. — Ed.] 

YTlionilinson to Atkinson. Copy '^ Captain Jo/nisoji.'] 
[Belknap Papers, Vol. I., p. 168.] 

London 2d Mar: 1752. 
The° Atkinson Esq'' 

Sir — I have now before me your Letter of 29th Novem"" respecting 
our Publick affairs, & I am sorry to find the Province Money is like 
to continue in my hands, when it ought to be applyed in one Shape or 
other, as I formerly wrote you, for the benefit of the Creditors of the 
Province, & I all along desired it might, & P^xpected pro[vince] orders 
& Directions thereon, & was in hopes all your Disputes (as you call 
them, but called Rebellion here) wou'd have subsided, in order that 
the Government of New Hampshire might have availed themselves 
of the benefit of this Money in one or other of the Ways I first pro- 
posed to you — I observe that my Friends with you suppose " That I 


find some way or other to make use of this money to my own advan- 
tage, & that is the Reason (as they are pleas'd to say) you have had 
no Determination of your affairs before this." I find my Friends 
(as you call them) are no Changelings I am very sorry they will con- 
tinue obstinate beyond all Conviction Did not I write to you (as 
Secritary of the Province) as soon as I knew the money was to Be 
paid me, desiring that the Government wou'd order the application of 
the money, as they shou'd find wou'd be most for the O & advantage 
of the Province, & as soon as I had reason to think they wou'd not, 
did not I apply to the Lords of his majestys Treasury, that they wou'd 
(in consequence of the discretionary power the Parliament had given 
them) order the application thereof, & told them that if I had known 
they wou'd not have done it, I wou'd not have reced the money 
then pray what cou'd I have done more than I have done to have got 
the money properly out of my Hands, & then as to my making use 
of this money for my own Interest — I hope those Friends of mine 
do not think I want Money to carry on my business, & as I am neither 
Stock-jobber nor Usurer, I know no other way of making advantage 
of it. But by laying it out in the Funds, & then if any Difficultys 
or Troubles had arisen here, such Funds might have fallen 5 or 10 '^ 
Cent in price & your Money at the same time might have been called 
for, & I must have been obliged to have sold out, & have set down 
with the Loss : 'Tis true as things have happen'd I might have made 
money of it, but I have in this affair been too Scrupulously nice, as I 
don't Care to run too great risques, or have I been accustom'd to have 
money in my hands called for, without being prepared to pay it, but 
however as you are determin'd still to compell me to be your Banker, 
I will tell you all plainly that if I can find any method of making a 
certain advantage of this money or any part of it, without running 
too great a risque, I will Endeavour to do it, for as I am allways able 
and ready to pay you the whole Principal money due to the Province 
at the least proper Notice that is all that is Expected or required of 
me & that you have not yet had a Determination of your affairs here 
is by no means owing to any want of my Solliciting it, for I have 
frequently pre'ssed the affair as far as I cou'd with any Decency, & 
am now Endeavouring to get it done, & am in hopes it will be soon 
done, & tho' I am no party in this Dispute (as you call it) or can the 
manner of doing it Effect me one way or other provided it is done 
Effectually to promote the Quiet, good order & Government of y® 
Province & yet I cannot help knowing what is to be done, & that will 
be Enforcing his Majesty's Instructions in the Strongest & most Ef- 
fectual manner it can possibly be done in, for before that Instruction 
i prepared, the affair was most maturely & Solemnly considered 


by the Lords of Trade, & their Council, then by his majesty s [Attorney 
&] Sollicitor General, & by his Majesty in Councill, & that it is not 
comply'd with has made all your Friends in the Administration (that 
I know) your Enemies, & talk of your Province in such Terms as 
I shall not here mention, & blame the whole of the People, for tho' it 
may only be part of the Assembly that opposes this Instruction, yet 
they are the Representatives of the People, & as the Case now stands, 
if I was furnish'd with proper Materialls to bring on your Case respect- 
ing Fort Dummer or your Appeal I shou'd not care to bring on the 
one or the other, if it cou'd be avoided — you say the prevailing 
maxim with you is rather to have two Priviledges taken from you, 
than give up one : Surely you mistake the nature of the present 
Question, for surely his Majesty's Instructions are calculated to Ex- 
tend and Enlarge the People's Priviledge : In Sep^ 1749 I reced a 
Letter from Henry Sherburne Esq'' complaining in this Strain, in 
ans'' to which I wrote fully of every Circumstance & thing that I had 
heard or seen relating to this unhappy affair, in hopes to set him 
right, but I have not had a Line from him ever since that time : I 
shall herewith send you the Coppy of the said Letter, it will at least 
convince you that I was willing to spare no Trouble or Pains to have 
your Differences accommodated, especially when I tell you that I 
wrote that long Letter at a time when I had the utmost Hurry of 
business upon my hands, & not in the best State of Health — The 
West India Planters & Merchants have at last dropped their Appli- 
cation for a Prohibition of Trade between the northern Collonys & 
the Foreign Sugar Collonys, & I think will not take it up again in 
Haste : I at first saw it to be a Scheeme big with [evil] to the north- 
ern Collonys, & the Trade & Navigation of those Kingdoms, & that 
its consequences wou'd greatly hurt the Sugar Collonys Themselves, 
& at the same time wou'd Encrease the Trade & Navigation of the 
French, & therefore notwithstanding my Connection with the Sugar 
Collonys & the large Property I have in them, I, in the Character of 
a West India * oppos'd this Application at the Board of Trade 
& * the Parliament * into it, & am glad to find my labours 

[were not in vain.] I have anything * Publick affairs : I shall 
write to you in C° on your private Business, & therefore I shall here 
only tell you what I flatter myself will not be disagreable to you, & 
that is that I can with Truth and Pleasure say (and I thank God for 
it) that I have for some time past & do now enjoy as good a State of 
Health, as when you knew me, only I am above 26 years older, & 
therefore obliged to take a little more care of myself, and which I 


suppose is your Case, however I shall be allways glad to hear of your 
Wellfare, & am with great Truth and Esteem — 
Sir, Your most Humble Servant 

John Thomlinson 

* Here the manuscript is torn. 

[4-87] {,John Greetiwood to Richard Waldron, 1/5 1.] 

Hon^ and Dear Sir/ 

I should long ago have comply'd with your Request, had anything 
offered worthy your Notice, but being loth to