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* T X P O A O r 2 I' A- 



Both Ancient and Modern. 

In Two P A^ffsT 

The Fifft, written by 

Sir JOHN FLOTER, of LilchfiU, TCoi. 

The Second, treating of the genuine Ufc of 

Hot and Cold Baths. 

Thcwonderfiil F.fFefls oi ciic Bath U^ittr, tliatik l.t»t from the 
Puinp, in decay'd Jwmjffcj, and ia raoft Difcafct of the 
■tftoeh, Litier, and ip/r.-n, &c. 

Ai(o pto.iag, 

That the heft Corci done by I'a^CeldSiih, arelattly obrcr, 
eJ to arifc from the lemiicratc Ufc of the Hqi /laitj fii \\, 

ByDr. EDM^^RD BJTNJRDy Fellow 
of the College of Phyficians, London. 


The Fenrih EdUkn ; To Khich is added^ an Appendix. 


intcd for W I L L t fl SI I n n y s, at the rrince'. 
Arms in S. f-it/'s Churcli-yaid. M DCC XV. 



T O T H E 
Much . Honoured and very Learned 

Sir John Floyer, Knt. 

S a Pojifiript (honoured Sir^ij 
to my former Epiflle I fent- 
you, concerning Cold Immer- 
fion, be pleas'd to accept of 
thefe few (but very uncommon) 
OhfervAtiom; efpecially, two or three of the 
Cafes here mentioned in this fmall JpfendiXy 
which, probably, may have no parallel Cale 
in many Years, if ever : 'Tis to you only 
that the World is indebted, for reviving 
that ancient and falubrious Cuftom of Cold- 
haihing, for the great Fains you have taken, 
and Learning you have fhewn, in turning 
over, perufing, and judicioufly quoting (b 
a many ■ 



many ancient Authors, as well ^hUofophcrS' 
as Phyficians, in compofing your Pfjchro- 
loufm; a Praftice that has now an cfta- 
blifhd Reputation, which will laft as long 
as Water is cold, and will run with its 
Streams to the lareftAges, notwithftanding 
the Difficulties it has met with from fome 
Gentlemen of the Faculty, who are now 
brought over, by the Evidence Qf their 
own Eyes, and not only in the Cure of 
their Pdiie/trs, but their own Perfcnt alfo, 
and acknowledge that ufeful, what they 
fo often IcoH^'d and taughM at ; who, for 
many Years, made it the Subjcft of their < 
phlcgmy and fpiritlefs DroHs^ l^ft^y astalie- 
lefs and inllpid as the Wtter they ridicul'd ; 
and fonie, of a more dry and faplefs Con- 
ception, have ftrain'd fo hard for a footty] 
Wtcictjmy as has even fluxed their Under-: 
(landings to drivel it out ; but they had- 
better to have fpar'd ihat Part of the f*rcf^, 
for I have often return'd them a H*wli for 
their Euz.z.ird, Birds much o^ ^Sfecits^ but 
not of a Spted, 6cc. but now thofe very 
Men make it their Rtfuge and jifylum: 
And, in many Cafes, it is become a fae qm 
Mo^, for when they are at a Swnd, and 
their repeated Infignificancies baffled, they 
ftratch the fallow and unpIow*d-up Side of 
their A'oddles^ and propofe a Hoi or Co/d 
Bafh ; and altho' of contrary Qualiiies, yet,for 

fear of difplesfiDg, often leave it to their 
Patkacs Choice, who are ape to choofe 
the wrong, according to the Delicacy or 
Hardnefs of Conltitution, or Meafure of 
Pains they labour under, and fometimes 
both, and thereby get a Cure ; bur 'tis 
as the BlsHfi-mM caught the hUre, more by 
Chance than Defign : Tho', in fome Ca- 
fes, both the Hot and the Cold have done 
great Cures, when us'd fucceflivcly ; but 
tix> often they liave begun at the wrong 
End, and prefcrib'd the Cold Hrll. But» 
to begin with the Hot Bsths, and drinking 
the Wattrs^ to melt and waih off the feor^ 
hatic, send y»ices, and lixivUl SaIis^ and 
afterwards to ftrcngthen the HMhtt, and Ib- 
iid tmtfcuUr Parts, is moft methodicai, and 
highly rcafonable, by which I have ic^n 
great and wonderful Cures done : Nay, the 
late famous Railer againll all Bsths^ and 
2\dtthoif too, but his own, would now and 
theo Aide a Patient into the Pool, trufting 
more to the Coldncfsof the Water, than 
Power of the Saint, &c. But this was a 
Force upon him, where he faw the Necelli- 
ty of its Ufe, left another fhould dire^ it, 
and run away with the Credit of the Cure ; 
as in that known Cafe, and famous Cure, 
dooc on Mr. '^oftth Heaihcot's Wife : And 
this is the Cafe of fome Phyficians now, who 
I prefcribe more cut of Fear of lofing their 
a 2 Patient, 



Patient, than Conviflion, that 'tis the only 
probable Remedy left \ or, if they are con- 
vinced, they are very iilent, and mute up- , 
on the Matter, knowing, that Cold Bathi are 
the Epilogueof the P/<*;,the lafl; Difli of the 
Feali: ; for after C/^ef/e comes nothing; For, 
Fi4i immerjio.ind repetasttir immerfiones^bvin^ 
no Grijl to the Mi/l \ for, as a witty Fel- •■ 
low faid, That if Difedfes csn he cured by a 
fevt> Wrtncei in a River, DoBor's Hall in 
Warwick-lane, mS, in time^ become a Col- 
lege ef Laundreflcs: But in this, theMi- 
ftake is very great ; for Pliylick, in moft 
CafeSj is indifpenfably neceffary, both be- 
fore and after Immerfion; fo that it can 
never be made an univerfal QuAck-medieiney 
as many have known to their Coft, who, 
Handover Head, as they fay, have foohth- 
ly and unadvifedly usM it. Indeed, it is a 
harfli Medicine, and very fevere to nice 
and tender Flefh and Blood, and, therefore, 
efpecially to Women and Children, (unlefs 
rickety ) rarely to be ufed ; but in Ex- 
treams, where more gentle and eafy Me- 
thods won't do, which always ought to be 
cfTay'd and try'd firft, which feme honeft 
fhyficians in this Town, who feek the 
Good and Welfare of their Patients, have 
with great Caution always direfted : And 
it is from fuch Men, and their Obferva- 
tions, that the Improvement of Fhyfick 


muft be expcfted. I fhall at this time 
trouble you no farther, but conclude with 
a Paper of hobbling, unpoliCh'd Ferfes^ fent 
by an honeft, well-meaning, Country Par- 
fon, to my very valuable and learned 
Friend, Major '^obn Htnburj^ of Poot-Pooi 
in Moamouthjhire, on the Subjeft of CoU- 
kathtjfg ; and altho' they fcem a little harfti 
and uncouth, yet, for the Truth they con- 
tain, may beelleemM as rough Dinmoads. 
So wifhing you (Sir "^oha) Hummd Sdus^ 
Sincer* Qt*'ts, & Tarda feneiias. I am (dear 

Your mofi obliged^ humble SeruMt^ 


The Countrj Parfons Verfes on CeW- 
b»tbingy &c. 

A/O cryftal S^rwg^ but flows tvitb Streams 

To bathe, or drink ; affording more Relief 
Than Compounds caa, ipbere all dejlroys each 

Or fimfle Juice Maach'd hy chymic Art. 

Plain Nature^ Hel^s far more effe£lu/il *f e. 
What Art fretends to mend^^s does but marr ■ 
Aad wbiljlour Sophies ibetr Inventions boaji 
Of Things ne'er found, and others better lolt ; 

vi DEPr CA TiO N. 

See here^ whtt we to ChxMce or Madjnfs 9we! 
And more by thefe, thtn by our Learning kaoip : 
lor, had no Phrentic /e/tf'd mo a Po/U, -. 
Or Druokard out of Ditch heem dragg'dJ 

hilf drorviid^ \ 

Cold Watci'i Virtues Reafoo jWw biid\ 

found. -' 

'Til Chance that finds out tS things, Regjoit 

Aid when rre bluader on^t, we tsli't our own. 
No faoner fee d Simple do 4 Cure, 
But fjioil the Effence onV to make it pure; 
Torture it with Crucibles, Stills, and Retort, 
And lofe the Balfam for to find the Salt : 
And after all f.ery Tryals, we arrive , 
To a burnt Calx, or Spirit corrofive. 
But Chymiftsyiw the Eflcnce, as theyfay^ 
Af/d throw the terrane Pans, as mort, aw4y _■ 
TTjus a French Cook, mth Spirit of Mutron» 
A(x Drop in Water makes a. Scop on afudden. 
Flefh is but the earthy Pznyou eat. 
It is the Spirit that's the Soul oVA' Meat, 

And altho' this h{»ieft, well-meaaiDg 
Divine, is a great Friend to fafe and (im- 
ple Medicines, the Euforifia, fuch as may 
ealily be preparM ; yet Chyiniftry muft 
not, therefore, be infulted and run down : 
For, what wonderful Medicines have been 

prepar'd from Mercury^ and Antimonj, &c. 
wbtch DO ochcr Art, but that of the lirf, 
could produce ? Which muit be own'd, 
as a (landing Evidence ; for, where Faft is 
clear, the Truth bears down all before it, 
and is not only perfualive, but compuli'ive 
alfo, upon our Belief. Perhaps there may 
be, in the vegetable Kingdom, Plants, 
whofe Vertues are unknown, which might 
( if difcover'd ) anfwcr all the Intentions 
of PjTOcechnicdil Produftions ; but until then, 
they come within the Resch of the old 
School Axicm^ De non Extjltulihas^ & mn 
AfpdTemtbui eadfm eji Hdtio. 

To the Right Worfliipful the 
Royal College 


Learned and Honoured Slrs^ 


1 H E Delign of this Effy 
being to recommend the 
Ancient TJeuchroluJia to the 
prelent Age, I mod humbly beg 
the Proteflion and Favour of youc 
Learned Society, whofe great En- 
deavours are to revive all old Pra- 
(Sices ufeful to Mankind, as well as 
to invent new ones. 

Many Ancient FraQices in Phy- 
fick have been lately revived in Eng- 
land, fuch as Copiofe Phlebotomy ; 
the want of which made Plcurifies 
very fatal in England^ as Tolydore 
^>ro(7obferved them formerly to be. 
This was an Ancient Praftice in 
A a Galen'i 

The Dedication. 

Galen's time, who bled (for Pains 
and Inflammations, and Rheuma- 
tifms, which he call'd Infiammatory 
Lajfitudes in his Treatlfes of pre- 
ferving 'Health, till the change of 
the Colour of the Blood, or ai Am- 
mi deliijiiium) many pounds at one 
time. ^ .1 ■ , 

Caliits Aurelianm meptions-Jh^ 

lAinking of the Nitrous Puiang 

■ Water, and the Sulphurous l^th, 

and Chalybeate in Italy j and tnefe 

but of late Years have come iritoi 

frequent ufe in England. 

' Cupping was always ufed by thi 
Ancients inftead of Phlebotomy up» 
on all occalions, and biit little ufe 
has been made of thein till very 
lately, till the Inftruments were 
much improved by the Philofophy 
of the Air-Pump ; But I fear the 
Ancient Rules about it are difufedj 
and therefore fome ill Accidents 
will in time condemn the prefent' 
ule of Cupping without general 

The Dedication. 

£vacuations preceding. But there 
are yet many ufeful Praftices not 
yet revived, fuch as the old Gynoia- 
jiick Art and Friftions, by a Strigil 
ordrySpungc, by which theCircu- 
lation of Humours, the Nutrition 
of the Body, and the opening of 
the Pores were much promoted : 
And tiie exaft Method of Dieting 
in all Dil'eafes is not reftored yet. 

In Bathing the Greeks and Rj>- 
mans ufed many excellent Smegmata 
to cleanfe the Skin, and cure Le- 
prous Scabs ; they ufed alfo Oyls 
and Oyntments after Bathing, to 
defend the Skin againft the Senfe of 
Cold Air, as well as to foften it. 

Noneof the noble Structures for 
their Hot Baths were made by the 
Romans without a Cold Bath or Tif' 
cim, and the ufe of Cold Bathing 
after Sweating in the Hot Bath., is 
I not yet commonly praiSifed in £«§- 

The Dedication. 


No Subject can give a clearer Evi- 
dence, how eafily new Opinions 
can change the beft and ancient Pra- 
ctices, both in Rdioion and Thy/ick, 
Irhan this, for the Logical Notion 
about the Form and the EJeitce of 
Baplifm, inclin'd the Age under 
King James 1. to an indifferency as 
to 'Dipping or SfrinkUng.^ which he 
ordered to be fo exprefled in the 
Catechijm • but this gave too much 
Encouragement to the Puritan's 
Sprinhti«g; and about the Reftorati- 
m, the words Vipping or Sprinkling 
were left out of the CaUchifin. 

The 'DircBory condemns the Bap- 
tizing in the place of Fotju, as Su- 
perftitious, and ordered Saptifm la 
the middle of the Cmgregatim^ and 
fets too little Value on the outward 
Baptifm, bat declares "Pouring or 
^rinkiingoS' Water fufficient tor a 
Sign or Secii of the Covenant. To 
thefe two Reafons, I impute the 
i'fufeof Jmmerfmtj which if it had 
'T* continued, 

continued, it would have prevent- 
ed many new vain Niceties and DilSl 
putcs concerning 5<r^r(/(«. Andtharf 
this was the Ancient Conftitution of 
the Church of fLngUnd^ appears by 
the tirft Book of Edward VI. 
Where the Ruhrick expredy com- 
mands the manner of Dipping ; and 
in one of the Prayers of Bapifm 
faySj Grant to all them^ tsjho at this 
fountain for Jake the Devil^ ^c. IJ 

St. Augujiine in his Book, De Gi\ 
■vitttte 'Dei, Lib. a 2. affures us, Thaol 
great Miracles were done by the(| 
Sacrament of Baftifm in his Days J I 
and mentions the Cure of the Goaf, 
the Taljy, and Tumours thereby- j 
This 1 mention to encourage the reJ j 
viving of that laudable old Cere- 
mony of Trine Immerfion. 

But by way of Caution I mull 
premife, that I will not concern my 
felf in any Theological DifputesJ 
whether Immer/ion be Effential to'j 
Baftifm ? Or whether it be in the! 

Thi Dedicatm. 

Power of the Church to alter it ? 
Neither will I determine againft 
the Validity of Baftifm by Al'per- 
fion : Thele Difputes being befides 
my purpofe. For all that 1 (hall aim 
at, is to (hew, that Immnfim was 
generally pra£bifed by the Ancients, 
and that in this Church it continu- 
ed in ufe till the beginning of the 
Laft Age, and that there is not that 
Danger in it as Parents apprehend ; 
but inftead of prejudicing the Health 
of their Children, Immcrjlm would 
prevent many Hereditary Difeafes, 
if it were ftill praflifed. 

The Reafons for the difufe of Cold 
Bathing in the laft Century, were 

The Ignorance of the People in 
Matters of Phyfick, who ufually 
take that as well as their ^DoSors 
from the common Vogue, which is 
always altering and changing ; and 
it was then the Intereft of the Chy- 
mcal Tia&ors to recommend them- 
■jiv.u'i felves 

The Dedication. 


felves by new AAoiwMj-, nevi Methods- 
and new Medicines^ and they there- 
fore rejected and cried down all the 
old Opinions and Pradlices. They I 
imputed all Difeafes to Crudity and i 
Acid Salts, and taught that they 
muft be cured by volatile and fixed | 
^alts, by Chymical EJences and Strma 
TinBures of Mineral Sulphurs., and 
Brmuly-Sfiirits, which they did at ' 
ftire the World did ftrengthen iV<t^] 
tme, and purify the Blood by Pfr* i 
Jfirdtion, and they wholly defpisll ! 
all the External Regimen prefcribed I 
in Galenick Authors as unneceflary » j 
and Cold Baths ought to be efteem'd I 
the moft confiderable part of the] 
Cold Regimen. 

It is alio very probable, that thft | 
change of Religious Opinions had I 
no fmall influence in the ufeofCoW 
Butbs ; for anciently the Virtues of 
the Holy Wells were imputed to 
feme Saint, which the laft Age did 
pot credit, and therefore rejeQed 

The Dedtcatim- 

■ xhenk of Cold Baths, with the Opi- 

H nion of the Virtue of theSi«(, af- 

H ter which came the difufe of the 

W Buftifiml Immerfwn aUb. 

I Parents pretended the Danger of 

I that Praftice, as well as the Im- 

I modefty ; and they could not jufti- 

fy thefe Tre]udkes, without crying 

down ColdBciths as dangerous. And 

fince they now farther objett, that 

it never was the Cuftom to Immerfe 

Children in E'-gtmd, I will give 

this remarkable Inftance of the Buf- 

tij'mof Kino iii/j)<ir's Son, Etheldred, 

in Pdydore Virgifi own Words, Is 

dum irajHizahaUtr^ cum fuhita in fa- 

crwn foniem c&nfeHi cibt reh]ui(iA ex at- 

vo emififfet^ traditur Dun^a/ius prie- 

dt^xijfe tta julurum nt ills quanda^ue 

ingens ^atrtx incommqdum d^decufque 


I fliall add one more Rcafon of 
.the difufe of Cold Baths, which was 
jthe Increafe and Intereft of Foreign 
[Tftidt in the lift Century, which 
srii ' then 


then introduc'd all the Hot Regimen 
from the Hit Climates^ I'uch as Ta- 
iaco, Tea, Coffee, Wine, and Bran- 
dy-Sprits, and Specs, and thcfe are 
unnatural to EK«iifl> Bodies ; for a 
Cold Regimeii is proper to CetdGnm- | 
tries, as the Hitt Re«imen for Hut 
'Regims, becaufe they preferve ouir 
^iodies in a State I'liitable to the ani^ 
tient Air. If we ftop the Tores by 
a Cold Regimen in Hot Countries, a Fe^ 1 
wrandFfax" immediately fucceed j.j 
and if we keep them open by a Ii)t I 
Regtmen in ColdCouv.tries, ^ejluxiont \ 
and Intermitting Fevers, and Faintif 1 
, nffj happen. 

We cannot aflign any other prqil 
bable Reafon, why 'Pleuri/ies ( whicH J 
are Species of Rheumatifms) were j 
rare and unknown to 'phy/tcians id 
Henry VII. Days, and they as well 
as Rheumatifms and Riikets, are 
now very frequent, unlefs it bef^ . 
that formerly the Englifi wereufed 
to a Cold Regimen and Cold Baths, 


I bu 

p * 

■ orr 

The Dedication. 

but of late have difiifed all theCo/rf 
Regimtnio):t\\eHot. I cannot here 
omit that judicious Remark of Sir 
Walter Raleigh upon the facred 
Story of the Angel\ Advice to 
Sarnpfm'i Mother, To drink no Wine 
'whiljl (he -was 'wtth Cbildy That fince 
JVomen -with Child ufe too much JVine 
and Strong Drink^ they Sring forth fee~ 
Me Children , and the 'wlxtle Race 
of Strong Men k decaf d. 

I know the great Honour and Re- 
fpefl you have for the Opinion of 
the Lord Verulat/t^aad (hall endea- 
vour to prove his Approbation of 
Cold Bathing, and that it exafilly 
anfwers all the Rules and Indica- 
tions he has obferv'd for the Pro- 
longation of Life. He tells us, 
That the Prolongation of Life is chief- 
ly to he expeSed from a right Regi- 
tn£n^ and not from any particular 
Receipt or Food. Now 'tis obferv'd 
by all Nations, that a rational 


Tie Dedication. 

feof Biths contributes much to 
the Health of the People. 

The Lord Verulam orders the Ap- 
plication to be made to the innate 
Spirits for Prolongation of Life ; 
and 'tis known by Experience , 
that Cold Baths aS much on the 
Sfirits^ and preferve them from ■ 
Evaforatim^ and render them Strimg I 
and Figomm : And he alio direils 
us to alter the Parts by Tspkks, 
fuch are Unguents, FriBims ; but 
Cdd Baths do much more ftrengr j 
then all the Nervous "Parts, and 
ftop the Evacuation of Humours., 
and that alfo helps the Circitk' 
tim, in which Life it ftdf chief.- 
ly confifts. 

CM Baths anfwer all his In- 
tentions for the Prolongation of 
Life, becaufe they prevent the De- 
predation of the Innate Sfirits , 
and alfo that of the External Air ; 
the Sprits are made lefs Depreda- 
tory when condenfed ; and for this 

end he advifes Opiates and Nitrous 
MeScints , but thefe cannot fo 
efFeaually condenfe them as Cold 
Saths do, and they ufually cool 
and comprefs them, and thereby 
produce Sleep. 

The outward ^jr is madelefs 
Depredatory by being lefs felt by 
the Senjes after Cold Bathing, and 
by the fame the Pares are clofed, 
and the ^ir in the Humours is 
much compreffed and cooled, and 
rendered more fuitable to a Cold 

The following jtlffertion will 
more evidently (hew his good Opi- 
nion of the CoW iif8?j«™. He fays, 
That the "Juices of the Body are made 
lefs depredaile hy an auflere Courfe of 
'J)iet in a Life accuftomed to Cold hy 
flrdng Exercifes, and certain Miner- 
al Baths. And I mufl add., that thefe 
muft he Cold ones.^ and not Hot, which 
hajten Old Age.^ and fiorten Ltfe hy 
Evacuation o/Humours. / might in- 
1". ftance 


The Dedication. 

'ftance in Sir H. Conir.gsly'i long Life; 
he being 88, and that lie imputes 
to 4.0 Years ul'e of Cold Bmhtng. 

I fliall next offer ray laft Remark^ 
that the Cold Immerjlon is ul'eful to 
other Animals as well as Mimk'md ; 
and iince Thyfcims ha ve learnt Bleed- 
ing Glifters, and other Medicines from 
the Tbyficul TraSice of Brutes, we 
may alfo learn Cold Bathing from 
fome of them, and its Uiesalfo. 

^/mk affirm?. That Wild Pigs 
will be vehemently convulfed by 
eating of Heniane, but by going 
into the IVatcr, and by drinking of 
if, they will recover ; and from 
hence we may learn the ufe of Cold 
Baths in Narcotick Poyfons and 
Sleepy Difeafes. 

Our Water-Fowl ufually walh 
themfelves in wet Weather. And 
Celfxs recommends the Ufe of Cold 
Bubs againlt Rainy Seafons, which 
will cure the "Pain of the Liml/s, and 



Tie Hedkatien. 

^ulnrji of the Setifes occalioned be- 
fore Rams. 

Canary- Birds are fubjeft to C«»- 

vul/ions, and they are ul'ually cured 

by Immtrfng them into Ctld Water. 

1 1 was lately inform'd by a Lady, 

t whole Laf-deg 1 had ieen in Convulp 

|»Bj-, that 'twas cured of them by 

l-feeing thrown into a Tub of Water ; 

And by theie two Inftances we may 

obfervethe ulefulnefsof Old Baths 

in Convutftms. 

When 1 was at Wiliowhidge., I; 
obferv'd an old Country-man, whd 
broOght his JWiiri^ thither, after her 
being covered, and that he forc*d 
her into the AKiiler, and afterwards 
threw Water all over her with a 
Bucket, which pratlice he told me 
was common on fuch Dccafions 
'Tis certain that CoW^iMff contrails' 
and ftrengthens all Nervms Part/y 
and thereforeCoWBtt/fo have always 
been efteemed ufeful againft ^ior^ 

The Dedicatm. 

I (hall next relate the Steps or 
D^rees by which Cold Buths were 
introduced. , 

The Art of Cold Bathing was cer- ■ 

tainly firft invented by the Comrnm ^ 

Teoph, who ufed itfor thePreferva- 
tion of their Health, and fortify- 
ing themfclves againft CoW, as other 
Anirmh do. The Prierts farther im- 

K roved this by applying it to Divim 
mmerfun., thereby to purify the 
opirits, and to make them more 
Calm and Vigorous inDswKOT. The 
jiigyftmns and Qriek Phyficians ob^ 
ferved, how far it contributed iii 
the Cure of many Difeafes, whicH^ 
Hippocrates mentions, Tnljles, Coil-' 
vuljions, H'fpochondriacaliniiGoutj^^ 
ptins., &C. The Romans alfo much' 
improv'd this Art by ufing CoU^ 
Baths in the Winter, for which I- 
will give you this Quotation out of 
Tlixy's Natural Hjlvry, Cap 291 
Hi regekxnt fata cwn repents civitatem 
Charmu ex iMaJjdm invafit^ dttnrnatk' 
) B 3 nm 


The Dedication. 

nm [ohm frioriim Medicis ; verum 
i? hdneis jrigida!^us etiam h'^bernu 
algfir'ihu^ lavari ^njuafit^ merfit iCgro? 
in lactis^ videbamm fenes amjutares uf- 
que in ojientatiofiem rigentes. 

The Engli/i Nation has not been 
wanting to the improving of this 
^rt^ for they have difcovered the 
Cure of the Richts by it, and Rheu- 
malick-paim alfo ; and fome ufe it in 
the Winter, as the gjnnans did. In 
Staffardjhhe at WiUoivhridge , they 
have a more bold PraSice than ei- 
ther the Greeks or Romans iifed ; 
they go into the fTutcf in their Shirts, 
and when they come out , they 
Diefs themfelves in their met Linen, 
which they wear ail Day , and 
much commend that for doling the 
Pores, and keeping themfelves cool; 
and that they do not commonly re- 
ceive any Injury, or catch any Cold 
thereby, I am fully convinc'd from 
the Experiments 1 have feen made 
<^at^... ,..^ ur-- 

The Dedkation. 

I cannot yet find, that CM Baths 
l>}i3ve been tried in many 'Difeafe.!, 
"therefore we muft imitate the Ex- 
ample of Arttmiui Muj'a, and when 
Hot Baths fiiil, try by a cmtraria 
A'ledkina, CM Baths, as Tlmy calls 
them. And fince the Great Auguft- 

(tis as well as other Learned Remans 
by their ExamfU and Authtntj, en- 
couraged the Praflice of CoW Baths, 
fo far, that they lafted during the 
Roman Empire ; I hope to procure 
the Approbation of your Honoured 
and Learned Sacty, which would 
much contribute to theRfrawVigbotli j 
tlie Sacred and Mtdicind Immerfioti. 
TheCommofl People will teach one 
another, and be convinc'd by their 
Exferience, but Learned Men are 
. too apt to adhere to their own Ofi- 
^Lxiotts ; and there is no other way to 
H incline their ^udgmetits, but your 
f Affroiatim, who have a general 
Knowledge of the ATature and Vfefitl- 
^nefs of all Phyfical Things. And 



fmce I know I muft meet with great 
Trcjudices as well as Alujive Refle- 
xions in this Undertaking, I do here 
lAppeal to your penetrating 'judg- 
ments, and 1 queftion not but the 
Truth of what is faid on this Sub' 
jeS will juftify xheDe/ign. Tho' 
I muft beg your Pardon for the many 
Errors and FatJts I have committed. 
Who am, Learned and Honoured 

Tmr tmft humhti Servant., 

John Floyeju] 


The Antiquity of the Religi- 
ous and Medicinal Immer* 



To the Learned Thyfician, 
2)r. William Gibbons. 




Defign in this Letter to reprefent to you 
the great Antiquity of Cold Bathii 
whicli I {hall evidently prove, by reflei 
tng on the Ancient Luftration begun by the 
Patriarchs, and afterwards imitated by the 
Egyptium^ Jews, Greeks, Romans^ and al- 
moft all Mankind, which both Sacred aft4 
Frophane Hiftories fufficiently teftify: If 
the Religious Luftrations came from Revela- 
tion, a fhort ufe of thetn would fufiiciently 
difcover the Effefts of Cold Water upon Im- 
merfion, which evidently Invigorates the 
Aftions both of Body and Mind, and ren- 
ders both more Sedate and Calm,and there- 
fore well prepared for Devotion ; but 'tts 
nioft probable that theCeremonies of Wafh- 
B 4 ing 

Of Cold Baths. 


ing in Water, was a pare of Natural Re- 
ligion, invented by our Rational Faculties, 
and grounded on the Vermes of Cold Im- 
merfion, which might by fome accident be 
then difcovered ; the ufe of Water being (o 
frequent, and the moft natural and eafy 
Metliod for cleanOngofthe Body, and that 
was thought by the Common People to 
cleanfe away Sin ; but by the Philolbpher 
to reprefent and produce an inward Purity 
in the Mind; for which reafon all Mankind 
ufeii to wafh themfelves before their Sacri- 
fices, and both Religiousand Medicinal Im- 
merfions muft be as ancient as Sacrifices 

The manner of purifying by Water 
feems as Ancient as the Flood; for 
P/.I/0 in his Third Book, De Legibm^ af- 
firms, That the Gods purified the Earth by 
the Flood \ for which end tliey brought it 
on the Earth, and from this Opinion fprang 
the Cuftom of purifying by Immerfion Man- 
kind as well as the Earth, which Opinion 
is favoured by Gro(;«f, where he difcourfes 
of Strangers initiated into Judaifm by Bap- 
tifm ; hific opinionem arbUror fuijfe tnler i»- 
fiituia Vetera orta fofi magnum diluvium m 
. memoriAm aqud purgati mu»di. And St Pt~ 
.«r calls Baptifm an Anti-typstothe Flood. 
;.. I will give you fome Inftanccs from theDi- 
-t^ne Writing, whereby I may prove, That 
;^tbeCeremoay of purifying by Water was 
^i . ancienter 

ancienter than the Law of Mofes, and 
that it was praftifedby the Ancient Patri- 
archs; *tis very probable, becaufe we find 
it recorded that Jico^ commanded his Fa- 
mily to purify themfelves, and change their 
Garments, before they went to Bethel xa 
Sacrifice. And "^oh fpeaks of a like Puri- 
fication by Snow-water ; we alfo read that 
PhdrAoh^ Daughter went to the River Nils 
(there being no Fountain- Water in Fgpyi } 
to purify her felf, or to procure Fecundity, 
as was ufually done thereby. 
, The Ifrseiites were ufed to Immerfion, 
not only by the Example of their Ance- 
ftors, the Patriarchs; but fuch Cuftoms 
of purifying were ufed by the Egyftiaas 
araongft whom they lived many hundred 

Diodorus Siculus mentions the Cuftoms 
of the firft Egyptian King, who firft waflied 
his Body in Water, and then adorned him- 
felf in his Royal Robes before he went to 

Porphyry affirms, That the E^pyptiaa. 
Priefts walhed three times in a Day upoa 
extraordinary Sacrifices 

I will add one Teftimony more to prove 
that Oiltom among the Egypiians^ and 
this Point farther, that they had perfeftly 
obfervcd the natural good Eft'etls of Cold 
' nm^rfiQns, ufed in giving a great chear- 

Of Cold Baths. 


fulnefe and alacrity to the Animal Spirits- 
. Afuleias difcourfesof this E^;/-"** Cuftom 
Ithus, Difculfa pigrA quiete alacer exurgo^ mef^ 
fttrtficiindi jiadio marwo L/fLScro trado,fepti~ 
efyue fuhmerfo jiu^iibus eapite Utus & aUetr . 
Deam pTiepotentem ftc appreahor 

Mops afterwards in his Laws retains the 
Immerfions of the Patriarchs and Egypthis, 
and prefcribes divers Wailiings for the pu- 
rifying of the Unclean, as chofe who had 
touclied dead Bodies, or had Seminal Pollu- 
tions, or were Leprous, Menftruous, or the 
Pairperah ; and 'tis a Jeivijh Cuftotn to wafh 
before Prayers and Sacrifice, and their going 
into their Temples : So Judith waflied ^fore , 
her Prayers; and the Mahometans fprinkle 
their Heads with Water three times before 
their Prayers; and they now purity them- 
■felves in Fountains, after tlie manner of the 
Jem, from whom they learnt all their Lu- 
ftrations; and the prefent Moors ufe a Luft- 
Tation by wafhing in the Sea. 

Pyihjgoras travelled into Egypty and was 
a learned Phyfician as well as a Philofopher, 
and he taught the Wefiern Nations that 
Purity was to be got by Wafhings and , 
Sprinklings; he therefore taught the Greeks 
all the Cold Immerfions, whether Medici- 
nal or Sacred, which he had learnt in 

Diogenes Lurtius in the Life of PUto 
jtViJ-iui mentions 



5rtT. Of Qdd Baths. 

meotioos a Cure done by the Egyftisn 
ft-iefts, by Bathing in the Sea- Water, and 
that it was the general Opinion of the 
World, that Salt- Water purified both Bo- 
dy and Soul, ^oAaaw KAu't^w •jra'pTa n^ 

^pu-retv jtaitcc, and they alfo efteemed 

If ountains more efficacious than Rivers. 
The following Greeks^ as well as the 
Jfipj, acknowledge three forts of Purifica- 
tions by Wafliings; the Immerfion was 
called x»<ns; the wafhtng of the Hands and 
Feet, «4'*> the Afperfion pavTw/^s. 
VirgU defcribes the wafhing of Mjttts 
tfccfore his Sacrifice to the Gods above; da- 

9tcfiumine vivo Abluero; and in Diio\ 

Sacrifice to the dU inferni (where they on- 
ly ufed Afperfion) 

D« (Off us properet fiavUH fp*rgere ijm- 

but in all great Devotions, Perftus obferves 
that Immerfion was prafiiied. 

Hmc fanSte at pofcds Tyburino in gurgitt 

Mane capat his terjue^ & noStem fiat 

The Romans had both their Religious'" 
Ceremonies and their Phyfick from the Gr^- 

.vfMJw, and they improved i 


Of Cold Baths. Parti. 

Bathing, as will be evidently proved by the 
Account given thereof in the following Let- 
ters, by divers Quorations from Ce/futf 
Suetonius, Se/tetit, PUffy, Orobiftis, JEgi- 
netA\ and by the Account of the Writings 
of Hippoenttes and Galen^ I fhall convince 
you that both thefc Mafters of our Faculty 
well undcrflood many ufeful Fra£lices 
and Cures done by the Cold Immerfioni 
and I will only add one Quotation from 
Homtr^ to (hew, that the Greeks com- 
monly praftifed the Cold Immerfion, both 
for Purification, and the fortifying the Ani- 
mat jpaculcies. For Hotfter mentions the 
purifying of the ^^r/</« in the Sea, and that 
Circe was found by Jxfon's Companions 
wafhing of her Head in Cold Water, to 
help lier Night-Dreams, and her Frophe- 
tick ExtaHes. 

The moft unlearned Nation knew the 
good Effects of Cold Bathing, and alfo 
iifed ic in Purification, as well as the E^ptt- 
MS, Creels, and Ramans, 

Camdea a/Tures us, That the G-ib/j, 
from who'ni our Br«rt;»j fprang, had their 
facred Fountains, which they called Wvo- 
m ; and we may well fuppofe,that they ufed 
them both for Luftrations and Cures, as in 
following Ages (when Chrifttanity came 
into £»^/4«-;; the Saxons did: St. Winefred 
lived about the Year 644. and St. MMgah 
^ii[ifc4 in 

fartl. Of Cold Baths. 

in the Saxons times; and we find the Wells 
dedicated to thefe Saints, were famed both 
for their Cures and Devotion. Many of 
(mr Englijb Springs will do miraculous 
Cures when ufed in Cold Bathing, which 
in Ages more illirerare, were imputed to 
the Vertue of the Saint to whom it was de- 
dicated, or the Devotions ufed there, 

Rt^er Hoveden affirms, That at IVy in 
Kjnt, there was a peculiar Well, into 
which there was a wonderful Virtue infufed 
by the Prayers of acertaln Normtn Monk. 
And 'tis reported of St. Francis, That he 
cored many by the Water in which he dipc 
bis Rope; and *tis alfo affirmed. That 
there is a Water in FUnders, which will 
cure the Paify after the little Image of Moa- 
tis tcuti has been foaked therein. 

But I will return to our Englijb Hiftories, 
and produce a miraculous Cure done by Im- 
mcrfion, which is recorded in Bifhop /M*s 
Myftery of Godlinefs, and the fame is quo- 
ted by tte New Britaitma. The Bifhop men- 
tions a Cripple who for Sixteen Years 
moved on his Hands, the Sinews of his 
■tt^s being contraQed; this Cripple had 
^K^ Monition in his Dream, to wa(h tn a 
^■Wdl at St. Msderties in Corntvstl , by* 
' which he was fuddenly reftored to his 
Limbs. And of this Story the Bifhop took 


Of Cdd Baths. ?3f 

a particular Account in his Vifitation, and 
had it fufficietitly attefted by many of the 
Neighbours^ fo chat he was folly convin* 
ced chat there was no Art or CoUufion in 
it; but he believed that feme good Angel 
fu^efted the Remedy. 

I will next proceed to ftiew the Ufe of 
Cold Bathing formerly famous in Eng^Und^ 
and many Northern Nations for theLepro- 
iy and Rheumaiifm. 

The Leprofy was formerly more fre- 
quent in EaoUfid^ as appears from Cam- 
dea in his Defcription of Lekefierjhirey where 
he informs us. That the Leprofy about the 
beginning of the Normans fpread all over 
England by Infe£Vion, and that that Age 
fuppofed it to come from Egjpf, as it did 
in Pompsfs Days ; he farther tells us, That 
at Burton in Leicfficrlh^re, there was a rich 
Hofpital built by a CoUeQion through ail 
Exglajid, for the Lazars, to the MaHsTioi 
whom all the leffer Lazars in EngUsd were 
fubjcft, as he was to the Mafters of the La- 
z»rs in "JerufnUm. 

There is fcarce any Cold Spring famous 
for any Cures, but it is alfo commended 
for Scabs and Leprofy, which muft be 
grounded on the Experience ofthofe times 
in which t!ie Leprofy was cured by Cold 
Bathing. Andfince the Leprofy was fo fre- 
quent m llie beginning of the Norman 

Of Cold Baths. 

Reign, and chat was cured by Cold Baths, 
they were alfo frequent among the Narreaas, 
The Leprofy might probably be the pre- 
fenc Pox, which fpread all over the World; 
and one would be apt to fuppofe that 'tis 
a Species of the Leprofy defcribed in Jre- 
t£uty who mentions many Symptoms of ir, 
as the Pains, Scabs, lols of the Nofe, and 
Corruption of the Extremity of the Body; 
And Phiio alHrms, That the Jea>s were 
fiibjefi to an Juikarx or Csrkumh on their 
ftn/Sj for which Citcumctfion was ufeful. 
""is well known that HippocrAta mentions 

le mmSiifii diShiois', and chat a Ctruseie in 
ic Vretbra is to be cured by Suppuration; 
and thefe are the peculiar Symptoms of the 
Pox, and cannot ordinarily depend on any 
other Difeafe than the prefent Pox. 

The Rheumattfm is an old Eaglijh Difeafe 
for which Cold Baths are famous; and yet 
that is commonly caU'd a new Difeafe : Tho' 
that is defcribed by Hippocrates under di- 
vers Names, as 'nvvoi apfipwc, -Trovot ^w/'eMj-j 
iriroi TThAifiuv. And the Scidtica is plainly 
defcribed, which is one Species of the Rheu- 
matifm. And as to the Small- Pox, that 
leems to be reckoned by Hippocrates 
atnongft the Spring Difeafes, and are calledl I 
by him in his Third Book of Aphorifms 
f^i^diariAKu^M ; and in the Coaca pranotio^ 
«p/number i i^.<p?\x^<iiwctf which happen in 
continued Fevers, aiid were fatal if they 
did not fuppurate. All 

Of Cold Baths. Parti 

All the Difeafcs we efteem new in this 
Age, were formerlj' dcfcribed under other 
Titles ; and this Age has only better dcfcri- 
bed them, and reduced them to their pro- 
per kinds. In I-fffpocrates'*s EpUemichy we 
may find all our prefent Fevers dcfcribed, 
as thofe with Rheumatick pains, Cho- 
lerick-fluxes. Peripneumonia's, Pleurifies, 
Angina's, Coughs, &c. ThePleurify was 
a Difeafe very rare in Engla/jii is Polydor 
Virgil fays. This feems a Species of the 
Rheumatifm, and was increafed by our 
hot Dyet and Intemperance; and it was 
called by Diofcordies, the Rheumatifm of 
the Brcaft. 'Tis evident, That Gden de- 
Jcribes it under the Notiou of an inflamma- 
lory Laffitude, for which he prefcribes 
Bleeding, ad ahimi deliquium, or at leaft 
twice a Day. He obferves the Fever and 
Fains which attend it. He propofes a thin 
Diet of Ptyfans, and cooling flymy Diet 
of Lettuce, Gourds, Mallows, Biites, &c. 
and Acids, as Vinegar with the Ptyfans, 
and Fifh for Diet, if it be proper to eat 
any Flefh. See Gslen in his Fourth Book 
for prefcrving of Health. 

The Scurvy is a new Name for the old 
Difeafe dcfcribed by Hippocrates, under, the 
name ot Great Spleen, in which the Gums 
were corrupted, and rhe Breath fmelt fae- 
tid ; and if no Hcinurrbagies happened, 
nor the MouJi had an ill Odor; the Dif- 

Of Cold Baths. 



eale afTefls the Limbs with ill Ulcers^ and 
Spots on them. 

The Rickets feem a new Difeafe, but it 

was probably the fame which Hippocrates 

obfcurely defcribes under the N;ime of 

thofe Difeafes in Children, which arc de- 

|dcribed by the bending of the Spine inwards 

tcimS'uKv TV Jt^iTEfc TO iviov ^raj oj/ie;) and we 

nd ^opSustij and pa;^e©. ^ia.i^poi^)t and 
Jreatnefs of the Head, which are the Sym- 
Dmsof the Rickets, wereefteemed diftinfl: 

I have given all thefe Inftances of the 
bincient Opinions, Praftices, and Defcripion 
of Difeafes, to fhew, tSiat tlie Authors of 
our Faculty, Hippocrates and G»len^ have 
laid the Foundations of Phyfick, upon which 
we ought to Build and Improve, to obferve 
all the fenfible Qualities in Medicines and 
difeafed Humours, which they omitted, to 
deicribe all the Symptoms of feveral Dif- 
eafes, and reduce them to their feveral 
Kinds, to Correal their Errors in Anato- 
my and Phitofophy, and never to receed 
from the Foundations they have laid for any 
general Hypothefis how curious foever. 

The Chrtftian Baptifm fucceeded the 
Gtntite Purifications, and that was per- 
formed by Immerfion in EagUml^ and all 
Parts at the firll: planting of Chriftianity. 
lathe Life o^ yE'-fredus^ we find tliat G«- 
" C thrumnm 

Of Cold Baths. Parti. 

thramms the Dst/e^ with thirty ol'liis Com- 
panions were baptized in a Fountain ; and 
Alfredas de bsptipno fufcfptum mmtnat 

Jthelihx. And they then ufed a fecond Rite 

of Ablution, Cum vefies c^ttididx depot/enntur. 
Such praftices of Ablution ol Children 
which is both Religious and Phyfical, is 
praftifed in the Eafi-hdies , as Jdert 
de Mmdejloes inlbims us in his Travels 
among them. Be affirms , That the 
Canartms wafii their Children as foon as 
they are born, by which they grow ib 
hardy and ftrong, that 'tis ordinary to fee 
Men among theni of a hundred Years old 
in perfeft Health, not milTing a Tooth. 
He farther tells us, Tliat the hdi^ns oft 
llupify themfeives with the Ddtura, and 
; ^at they prefenrly recover by moiftening 
^jthe Soles of their Feet with fair Water; by 
'ibis effefl, we may learn the benefit tn 
Cold Immerfion in Narcotick Poyfoiis. The 
iame Author obferves. That the 'J aj/oueji 
never fwathc their Children, bur wafb 
them in Cold Water; and in J'tpan tlie Air 
is more inclined to Cold than Hot. » 

Becaufe 'tis ufually objedted. That thd« 
Religious Practices of Immerfion are fuita- 
blc to Hot Regions, and not to the Cold, S 
will give Tome Quotations from the Writers 
of Travels into thofc Cold Countries, to 
fliew . That the Aw/'frv People ufe fucU 

Pan I. OfCMB-ths. 


Praflices. Okarifis informs us, That Men 
and Women in Mufeov) come naked out.- 
ofiheir hot Stoves, and (b go into Cold Waw 1 
ter, or have it powred on them; and \d ' 
Winter they wallow in the Snow; and thai 
thej' do the fahie in Livonis, where thi 
Ft fU/tilers comQ out of their Hot Stoves in^ 
to the Snow, with which they rub theii? 
Bodies as with Soap, and then return intd 
rfieir Stoves again for a moderate Heatj 
aiid thus they from their Childhood, ufd 
tbeOifelves indiflerently both to Hot and 

Cold. ; 

The Mttfcovitet believe themftlves th(i 

I Oflly Chriftians, b^caufc thfcy are Immerfed 

' into the Water, and not fprinkied; and. 

\ they will receive no Prolelytes till they are 

[ rebaptized by Immerfion : They therefore 

I Dip their Children in their Fonts, and all 

IFcrfons ofriper Years are plunged into Ri-' 

f vers at their Baptifms. And Uleari»s far-' 

[ther affirms, page 96. That they often break' 

"* ; Ice to gee them into the Water. He' 

s, The Mufcovite Boys arc bred fo har- 

, that they can ftand half an hour bare*" 

ioted on the Ice without any Injury. 

■Oiearitts alfo delivers the manner of the 

' Baptifm of the ArmeniAm^ who fer their 

Children naked in the Font, and pour 

Water on their Heads and Bodies three' 

C 9 



~6f Cold Bath. 

In Tiveraitr's Travels, 'tis obferved , 
That the Chrirtians o^Balfara in JJid^ who 
anciently lived near Jordan., never Baptize 
but- in Rivers, and that the Godfathers 
plunge the Child all over into the Water: 
And every Year thefe Diiciples of St- 'John 
celebrate a Feaft for five Days, during 
which time they are baptized according 
to the Baptifin pfSt. jToAa. Taverxier alfoi 
farther obferves. That the Jrmemansi 
plunge tiieir Children into Rivers at Chrijl- 
oias, and he wonders that the Extremity oi 
the Weather does not kill the Childi^pJ 
TheKing oi' Ferfia is oft prefent at this Ce- 
remony performed at Chrijimis near^i^^ 
pAh<tn. '; o;r,t 

I have been informed. That our Higk'ri 
landers oft Dip their Children in Cold Wa-t 
ter: And a Perfon of Eighty Years old^ 
whowas then very fenfible, tokl me, ThatI 
in his time he could not remember the Dip-/ 
ping of Infants in EfjgUnd at their Baptifm,i 
but that his Father oft fpoke of it ; andfar^i 
thcr told him, That tlie Parents ufed al::^ 
ways at the Baptifm of tlieir Children, tq? 
defire the Prielt todip that part very weljt 
in which any Difeafe ufed to afflift them- 
felves, to prevent its being Hereditary. :\ 

The H'eljh have more lately left Immer-l 
iipn ; for ibmc middle aged Perfons havC 
told Pie, That they could remember theiitj 

Of Cold Baths. 


Dipping in BapEifm. I fhall in a follow- 
ing Letter prove that Cnftom ufeful to the 
Health of Infants, and that 'tis only a vain 
fear in the Parents, which has occafioned 
thedifufe of it, to which the Canon i6oj. 
in King Jameses Days might a little contri- 
:bute, through the miftake of itsSenfe; 
for there all Baptifm, wlierher by Immerfi- 
a pnor Afperfioo, is declared valid; but the 
l^enfe of the Canon ought to be taken con- 
Jbrmably to the Rubritk, i>iz, in cafes of 

The Church of Rome hath drawn fhort 
ICompendiums of both Sacraments. In the 
;Eucharift they ufe only the Wafer as fitteft 
vforProceflion and Adoration; and inftead 
.of the Immerfion they introduced Afperfi- 
on, which may be more conveniently pra* 
iSifed in all places than the Immerlion, 
sBut of this I Ihall Difcourfe more fully iq 
a particular Letter, concerning the Immef- 
-fion in Baptifm, which has fucceeded the 
Luftrations of the Geatiles as a Religious 
Ceremony: And of both thefe at prefent 
I have difcourfed, only to fiiew, That 

»' Immerfions have been praflifed by all Mari- 
■feind, whether Learned or Unlearned, anij 
'itfiat it has been efteemed by them not only 
fafe, but alfo ufeful both to their Bodies 
and Souls. Not only the great Antiquity^ 
"ures dene formerly 



of late» upon many Patients, bas given me 
a full Proof of their fafety and ufefulncfs. 
And after fonie Re6c8;ions on tiiis Subjeft, 
I thought I could not do a more ufeful 
thing for our Couutry, than to contrive for 
them all the Conveniences of a Cold Bath, 
for the Cure of tlieir Rheumatick-pains, 
Lamenefs, Palfies, Rickets, &e. for which 
Cold Baths are moft certainlyufeful: The 
place I fixed on for my Cokl Bath, is a 
plentiful Spring, ufually called X-Vi/f's Well, 
which rifes out of a Rock on the Top of a 
Hill, North-Weft ixom LitchpeU^ and di- 
ftant from thence about a Mile. The Well 
is (ituate in the Lands of Sir jCaww Simons^x,, 
pfwhofe generous Inclination to ferve this 
Country by the incouraging of my Defign, 
% am very fcnllble, and I ought to make 
this publick acknowledgment of it, that he 
jnay receive the due Refpefl of all this 
Neighbourhood, and the Thanks and 
Prayers of fuch Perfons, who fnall find Be- 
nefit by Bathing in St. Chad'fi Bath near 
Litchfield. And I hope none will be offend- 
ed with my naming thofe Baths by tlie 
!j»Jameof that Holy Bifliop, to whom our 
» i|^hurch«s have long fince bad their DedJca- 
*".t!OH; he, was one of the firrt Converters, of 
'^ur Nation, and ufed Immerfioii \\\ x\it 
\ iBaptifm of the Saxons. And the Wefl 
lac 6'4<m, which may beac ha Namc> was 
■ i? ^ pro- 

Parrl. Of Csld Baths. 

probably his Baptiftry, ic being deep 
enough for Immcrfion, and conveniently 
fcated near the Church; and that has tht 
Reputation of curing Sore Eyes, Scabs, 
&(. as moft Holy Wells in EngUad do^ 
which got that Name from the Baptizing 
the firft Chrfttans in them; and to the M&. 
mory of the Holy Bifhops who baptized 
in them, they were commonly dedicated^ 
l^ftnd called by their Names. 
» The Figure of thefe Baths is oblong, 
fixtccn Foot long, and about Ten broad. 
iThe Baths lie clofe together, but arc divi. 
Ided by a Wall, and the lower receives the ' 
IWater from the other. The upper I call for 
li>i(tindion, The Ladies Bath -^ andthelow- 
l«r, The Mens Buth. The Water is fufficiJ 
lently deep to reach up to the Neck, and 
an be conveniently emptied as oft as^ 
Kz pleafe, and will fill both Baths in a 
'■ Nights time : The Defccnt into the Baths' 
is by Stone-fteps, and there is a conveni- 
ent Room built to each Bath, for Undrei^ 
fing, and Sweating, upon great occafions. 
As to the Spring- Water, it appears very 
Cold: but that I might try its coldnefs, I 
made the following Experiments: I dipt 
Uw Ball of the Portable Thermometer intff 
the Spring, Aitguft 6. and I held it in thff 
Water fix Minutes, whichi meafuredbv | 
tbcMInute-Glafs, in which time it funkj 

C 4 


Eighteen Degrees. I tried the fame Expe- 
riment in both the Baths, and found them 
both as cold as the Spring- Water it felf. 
And I found that the Well near Utorv, call- 
ed St.Chadsy did not infix Minutes fink 
the Spirit in the Thermometer fo low as 
Vrnteh Wtill ; and by the fame Experiment 
I found, that the Steel Water near Stovf, 
was not fo Cold as either of the Wells men- 
tioned, by three or four Degrees. I by 
thefe Experiments was convinced, that the 
Water at X'fl/fe'sWell was the coldeft in our 
Neighbourhood, and therefore the fitteft 
for a Cold Bath. 

I have not been wanting this Summer, 
fince Midfummer, to make fome Experi- 
ments upon fuch difeafed Perfons as would 
be perfuaded to ufe thefe Baths; but more 
hereafter will be made, when I have pre- 
vailed over the Prejudices of the Common 
People, who ufually defpife all cheap and 
common Remedies, which have ordinarily- 
the greateft Effcfls. 

I found thefe Baths very beneficial for all 
Rheumatick-palns, and Paralytick weak- 
nefs, and Stiffnefs after Rhumatifms. And 
lean produce a Country-man, who was 
cured of a Wcaknefsin both his Arms by 
twice Bathing, and immediately after his 
Bathing he returned to his Country-Im- 
plgymciit, who for many Months before 
ip/jui.^ * was 

Of Cold Baths. 


was confined to his Houfe. This I took no- 
tice of as a confiderable Cure, he having 
tried all ufual Methods for two or three 
Months in vain. And I mufl: obferve this 
to you, That feme Internal Remedies, both 
Catharitck and Alterative, arenecefTary be- 
'htc the ufc of Cold Baths, andalfoa fuita- 
HeDiet. ForD«»C<i^^informsus, That 
Va/i prefcrib'd the Hydropofta as well as the 
wfeuchrolufu to cure At)gnjlui. And I am 
prevy well convinced by many Trials about 
"eld Bathing, that they fuccceded beft, 
l?ho not only drank of the Cold Water be- 
bre they Bathed in it, but alfo continued 
■he Water-drinking long after. 

Many Perfons experienced the benefit of 
hefe Cold Baths in Rheumatifms, and they 
■found relief of Pains, and a great Strength 
of their Limbs, and Vigor of Spirit to fol- 
low upon theufeof Bathing; fo that in 
thefe Inftances there can be no doubt of its 
fafety and ufefulnefs. 

I could not procure above one Gouty 
Ferfon to try it; and he aflured me, That 
he found the Weaknefs and Stiffhefs of his 
Limbs much relieved by it. But in thefe, 
andotherDefluxions, without Water-drink- 
ing, and a cool Purge of Salt, and a tempe- 
rare Diet, no great good can be expefted. 

As to Hypochondriick Cafes, they who 
ufed them do very much commend thefe 

.,i'l' ,r 



Of Cold Bath: 


Baths,, as was confirm'd by two of my Pa- 
tients, who were much cooled by it, 

I obferved, That fome Hot Tempers had 

>Ra(h produced by Bathing, and they were 

afed of Pains thereby. 

I bathed three times, and found the Wa- 

I'ter very cold at firft, till I had dipt all over; 

^ but after a fmall flay, and upon coming 

[''£>rth, Iwasveryhot, and infenfibleofany 

f ^Id Air, 

I cannot believe that Cold Bathing can 
J help any Defluxions, fiich as the JfthmXf 
Ij without Water-drinking ; and in a receM 
n pifeafe ; neither can Cold Baths ,do any 
[ good where the ^f/ewj are decayed. 
[ , The Praflice of Cold Bathing is conveni- 
L «it for young Peifons to render them infen- 
FOble of the Cold Air, and very vigorous 
pboth in the Aftions of Body and Mind. 
Before Igive you an Account of the Cau- 
tions I prefcribe about Cold Bathing, IwiiJ 
prefent you with the Scheme of the variety 
of Cold Baths, and fome Obfervations and 
Experiments I have made to difcover theic 
Virtues and EfFeds. 

1 believe the Varieties of Cold Baths, 
k ^hich may be made or found in BngUnd^ are. 
qual to the various Species of Medicinal-; 
[ Waters, of which I will prefent you witi* 
r the following Table. 


I. The 

Partr. Of Cdd Baths. 

1. TheColdBathsat B«jcf<j»andBrf/?iV, 
which have a temperate Heat,buc in a lower 
Degree than that of our Humours. 

2. The Waters of Rivers heated by the 
J. The Water of the coldeft Springs, 

hc\iZ.s%t.Wiftifrtd^ St.Moftgah, 8ic. 

4. The Cold Springs impregnated by 
Ibme Minerals. 

. A Cold Bath impregnated with a Far- 
Sulphury fuch as that at GodfbiU in Stdf- 
'J/hirey and at Sir Natb^itel Carf(M\ near 

2. Vitriolick- Waters, whicharefrcqaenc 
every Country. i 

J. Water6 impregnate with Cq)per*V& 

4, The Sah-Springs and the Sea-Water, 
ive us a plentiful Cold Salt Bath. 

5, The Petrifying Waters at A'wb/mw in 
'arvitkfbirr^ and other Places, will afford 

a Styptick Bath, as well as all our Pump* 

6. The fmooth Bitaminous- Waters at 
'iSoahridge in Sttffhr^fiire ; and there 1$ 

Oily Water in the Lands called FUundert 
CoItpjt£; they have an evident Oily- 
fs iipon Boiling , proper for Leprous 

7. Nitrous purging Waters frequent in 
I^.C^nnitri^ and ctero is a large Spring 

3 3 Of Cold Bath. 


of that Nature, fir for a Cold Bath in the 
I^aods of Mr. Richtrdfon near ColeJbiHj ift 
the Groundscalled FUanders. ^ 

8. Holymilh efteemed a Lead- Water and 
is very Cold. 

9. In CorflfPiji'/ there are Tin-Waters, and 
the Tinners wafh their Cuts in the Watei^ 
ruhriiog from Mnndick Oar. 

10. There are AUbaJler Waters very 
rough near Tutbury. 

11. M«»'/f- Waters tafte fmooih, and have 
a little Stipticity, fuch as the excellent Springy, 
called HoljrveHj near Hwekteji in Leicefier* 

12. Chalk -waters, and the Lime-ftone, 
dry much, and may heat Ulcers in Cold 
Baths; we obferve tlie Chalk-waters at St.' 
Albans^ and the Lime frequent at Waljball 
in Stafford/hire. „^ 

. All thefe various Cold Baths may be fafe 
andufeful ; and for the better underrtandlng 
of their Effefts, I will make thefe following 

1. That theStypticity in Waters, whe- 
ther frOm the NiiramCalcirium, or VitrU 
olsof Metals, or Stones, orEanhs, increafc 
the Contraction of the Skin, and membra-J 
aousFibres, and thereby ftreogthen more 
than the common Cold Waters. 

2. All Sulphur, Salt, Bitumens, and Me- 
talline ViirioIs,mixt with cold Springs, tema 



^ T their extream Cotdnefs; and give' ihcm 

tnixtQualiries, difcufling as well as cooling ; 
and by reafon of the divei-fity of the Mix- 
tures of the Minerals, Saks, Stories, and 
"^ tbs, in all Springs; fcarce any two Cold 
iths can agree in a!! theit Qualities and Ef- 
Ss in Humane Bodies. 
[\i ^. Nitre, and a Sulphurous Acidify ren- 
r Waters more intenfely Cold, for fo wc 
ificially make common Water cooler by 
fixing Salt petre with ir, or by putting a 
.ollcf Sulphur ina Velfelof Water; we 
lereby cool om- Bottles filled with Winew 
leer. '. " ' 

4. 1 put the Thermometer into a Glafs of 
Our Conduit-water, which fuflk the Spirit 
in Tliree Minutes Seven Degrees ; and af- 
ter, I put into divers GlafTes Sugar of Lead, 
jn another Vitriol, and in a third Allum, 
and none of thefe did fink the Spirit farther ; « 
by which I learnt, that none of thefe in- 
creafe the Coldnefs of the common WaterJ 
but Salt-petre funk the Spirit one Degree 
more: But I obfervcd by another Experi- 
ment with the Glafs mentioned, that Well- 
water was not fo Cold as the Conduit-wa- 
ter. . ' 
5. I tried the weight of the feveral Wa- 
ters by another Glafsbubblejfunk by Quick.* 
(ilvcc in the Foot of it, that the Water ia 1 
i^whictlSalC'pecre and AUum were diflblve<ll 


Of Cold Baths. Partf, 

, .and Well-water wer« heavier than theWa* 
' ters in which the fame quantity of Vitriol 
L and SaechArum Saturiii vfGTit^\^Q\vGA. And 
r 50 the weight of the Water, fome of the 
1 (cooling and contracting Virtues of Cold 
I JBaths may be owing ; but the Water in 
which the Air is moft compreffed, is the 
[cpoleft^; and alfo heavieft; for nothing 
I ipakes Fluids aj well as Solids hcavief one 
than the other, but the want of Air in theic 
[ jfores OF Vacuity. 

.' Before I condqde theft Papers, I will not 
[forget thb Cautions I ufually give before 
[>CoTd Bathing, viz.. 

] ■■ 1, To Bleed and Purge, and ufefuch 
I proper Diet and Medicines, both before and 
[ ^fer Bathing, which a rational Phyfician 
I Imows to be luitable to the Difeafe, and the 
^Poaftitution of the Patient. 
^ . 2. Not to Batbe when hot and fwcating, 
' byt qool ; not to ftay in the Bath above two 
two Qf ^hree Minutes as the Patient can ea- 
iily bear it; and to go in and out immedi- " 
ately, on the firft Bathing, after an Immcr* 
fion of the whole Body. 

J. To ufe the .Cold Bath before Diimer, 
fafting, or elfc in the Afternoon towards 
Four OF Five a Clock ; 'tis dangerous iq go 
in^ after great Drinking and Eating. 

4, Continue to Bathe nine or ten tiniei^ 
jK^a&CWo or three times iaaWed{;!?i: ■-' 
•jwA 5- To 

^. To ufe Sweating with Cold Bathing 
I Palfies and Rickets, and feveral Difeafes 
0e9:ing the Nerves with Obftru»^ioas. 
! 6. la Windinefs or Sizincfs of the Hu- 
pours, or their flatulency, no Sweating is 
eceirary,nor where Bathing is ufgd for Pre 
Tvacionof Health, pcKbeiovigoruuigof 
Jie Animal Spirit^, i.i : ■ -i u/'" ! 

THOUGH! defigned la the begin- 
ning of this Letter to entertain you 
"*nly with the Antiquity of Cold Baths, I 
fthought tit to add what I had don^n Imi- 
ation of the oldPraQice ; and that I find 
t as difficult to prevail with the Country 
people to ufe Medicinals, as the Divines do 
he Religious Immerfion: Though the true 
bid ufeful Modes of Phyfick and Religion, 
JBcill in time prevail, when People have 
had more Experience in Cold Baths. And 
the Learned Divines and Phyficians, in 
your Town, fpeak the Truth plainly, that 
it has been an Ancient Fraftice, and very 
fie to be revived, by reafon of the Apofto- 
lick Fraflice and the great Cures done by it. 
I have here appealed to your Judgment of 
the Antiquity as well as ufefulnefe of Cold 
Baths ; and queftion not but you can and 
will aflift me m defence of what I have af- 
ferted concerning them. I have endeavoured 


Of Cold Baths. ParcL 

to ferve our Country, Staffortljbire^ in ere- 
fting St. chud's Bath near LiuhjieU ; and 
if you think fit to ufe any Cold Baths, tis 
my defire you will remember your own 
Country in recommendiag fome Patients 
hither. I have nothing to add, but that 
you will accept of thefe Papers as a Tefti- 
mony of my great Efteem for your Judg- 
ment and Learning, and as a RefpeS: which 
I owe to you my old. Friend and Couocry- 
man. lam, 

S I R^ 
Tfiur very humble ServMt, 




To the Learned Thyfician, 
Dr. Phineas Fowke, 

Containing Hippocrates^sOi^ir 
nion, concerning the Na- 
ture of Cold Baths, and 
their Ufefulnels. 


I Long fince acquainted you with my De- 
fign of making a Cold Bach neztLttch- 
fieJd, and then I gave you fome Reafons why 
I thought that Prafticc both fafeaudureful: 
But that I might more fully explain my 
Opinion, and the Reafons on which it is 
grounded,! have here digeftcd myThoughts 
into a fhort EiTay on that Subjea. I will 
firft give the Opinion of J-fif>pocrates about 
Cold Bathing, who has both fully defcrib'd 
its Effefts, and given us forae Rules and 
Cautions about the riglit ufe of it. And 
in the fecond Place, I will reprefcnt the 
Ancient Praftice of Iramerfion in theCa- 
iholick Church, and moft particularly in 
our Climate, for the Baptizing of all forts 
D of 

Of Cold Baths. Parti. 

of Perfons, which continued mErrg/dnd tiW 
about the Year 1600, by which I defign 
to prove the Innocenceof that Curtom, and 
its ufefulnefs in preventing Hereditary Dif- 
eafes. I will in the third Place relate fomc 
Cures of confiderable Difeafes lately per- 
formed by Cold Bathing, which will fully 
Anfwerall ObjeiSions and Scruples which 
can be made againft this Fraftice. 

I know yoa will allow me to pay all Re- 
fpe£t imaginable to the Judgment of ////>- 
pocratesy who was a moft Judicious and 
Rational Phyfician, ard the molt Learned 
Founder of our Faculty : and fince he has 
recommended Cold Bathing, I cannot un- 
dergo the Reflcftion of propofing fome new 
unreafonableProjeftin this following ElTay. 
I will firft begin with the Opinion of H*^- 
f aerates, which he has delivered in his Traft 
of Ancient Phyfick. I will next obferve 
what he has delivered in his Books of Diet, 
and in that which treats of the ufe of Li- 
(juids; and alfo have a due Refpeftto what 
is colleQed into Aphorifms in his Book of 
Aphorims, relating to the fame Subjeft. 

In his Traft of Ancient Phyfick, he 
gives us tliefe Effias of Cold Baths. If 
any Perfonin Health cools himfelf very 
Itiuchinthe Winter-time, either by Bath- 
"" ig in Cold Water, or otherways; the 
or^ he is tooled Of his Body be not per- 


. feflly congealed) the more vehemently ho 

■will become hot^ when he puts on hisCIoths 

lagain, and comes into a Houfe And hcL 

Turther fays, they who travel all Day up-' 

On Snow or Ice, and fuffer great coldnefsj 

■ on their Hands, Feet, and Head, obferve 

^at at Night when they come into thcj 

i?arm Houfe, and are covered with Clotiis, ' 

IT near a Fire, that they fuffer great heat 

fld itching; and fome have Blifbrs, lika 

fcem who are burnt: He further obferves, 

fcat they who have the moft vehement 

pivering in their Fevers, have the greatet 

"prning in their hot Fits afterwards. 

He farther proves, that Heat will fuc- 
ceed any ufe of Cold, by this Obfervation: 
IJle that toifes about through fuffocating 
^eat by that means to cool himfelf, he will 
^1 ten times a greater burning and fuffo- 
ating Heat than he who does no fuch thing. 
That I may more clearly explain the Na- 
ture of Cold and its Effcfls as to the Body, 
I will mention the EfFefts that Hot Baths 
^oduce, which are contrary to thofe of 
Sold Baths; and this Obfervation Hippocra- 
fStrj gives us of them. If any Perfon will 
L beat himfelf very much, either by a Hoc 
Bath, or a great Fire, and afterward con- 
tinue in the fame place, and fame Habit, 
as he who was much cooled, he will ap- 
Oiore Cold, and will become more 
RtT^i ^ z fhivering 

30 _ 

Of Cold Y aihs'. Part!'.' 

fflivering than the other: And heobferves 
how Cold fucceeds Heat by this remark ; 
after the hot tcver-fit goes' off by Sweat, 
the Sick is more cooled tiian if he had not 
had any Fever. Upon t!ie preceding Obfer- 
vation of Htppocraies^ I defigti thefe fol- 
lowing Remarks. 

T. That tile Defcription of the Effefts 
of Hot and Cold Baths, are not the Suppo- 
fitions of Ingenious Men (for all Hyporhe- 
fes H/^Z-ccj-^Afj rejcftsas ufelcls in Phyfick) 
but certain Experiments often tried on Hu-' 
rhane Bodies, which were evidetit to our 
Senfes, and we only by our Reafon difccin 
the Caiifes of tliofe Kllefts; and by divers 
Experiments of tlie fame kind made, we 
prove that the EfFctl mentioned depends 
6n the Caufe found out by reafoning. ' 

2. By.the Experimeius mentioned, 'tirf 
evident, that Cold Baths heat by flopping^ 
the Fores, and keeping in the hot Effluvi- 
ums or aeria! Spirits; and on the contrary, 
Hot Baths cool us by opening the Pores^ 
dnd by evaporating the hot aerial Spirits 
^ry much, and then they chill us after-' 
wards; and by tiiis Obfervation we dif^ 
cern the Abfurdity of that Averfion moft 
Feople retain sgainft Cold Bathing, as if ic 
would overchil tiiem, whereas 'tis evident,' 
that Cold Baths heat them who ufe tliem, 
more than tlie Hot Batlis which make us' 
£'•'-• -■^- ♦ - ■- feofiblc 

fcnGble of the leaft breath of Air, and ten- 
der for a lung time afterwards. It muft be 
acknowledged, Tiiat Cold Baths direftly 
produce a Senfe of Coldnefsupon their firft 
t Application to the Skin, but by that Coid- 
Kefs the SIvin is contraflcd, and the Hu- 
rraours comprefled and ftopt within the Bo- 
1 dy, which produce Heac and Burning. Oti 
Khe contrary hot Baths by their aftualHeac 
f Bifcft tlie Skin, and open tlie Pores, and by 
Lrarifying Humours great Sweatsare produ- 
[ced, which occafion great Chllncfs after- 
Jiward ; of which we are very fcnfible after 
Kour Sweats byExercife, which always cool 
l,us by the Evacuation of Humours; but it 
heats us, if they do not fucceed upon Ex- 
crcife. By all thefe RefleOrions we find, 
that Heat fucceeds Cold, and Cold Heat 
bacurally; and for this end we heat Water 
Piiiat it may fooner Cool and Freeze. 

3. The Subjeft on which both Hot and 
Cold Baths have their immediate Effeds are 
the Skin, and the aerial Spirits contained in 

I the Animal Humours. The moiftening of 
the Skin is but of fmalf EfFe£l, and ot no 
great confequence in Phyfick ; but the con- 
|enfing and ratifying the fpirituous Air of 
bur Bodies, has confiderable Eftefts. Its 
.Quantity and Elafticity is increafed by Cold 
Baths; but 'tis much evacuated and weak- 
lied by Hot Baths : And on thefe Altei,-ations 
D J / of 

of the inward Air docs all the Virtue of Hot 
and Cold Baths depend immediately, as 
will be hereafter proved. 

4. Neither Hoc nor Cold Baths can Cure 
any Cacochymia's, but only their Hot and 
Cold Qualities, or their Rarification and 
Condenfation, which are theEffefts of a 
Fermentation, either running too high or 
{landing too low. 

According to Hippocrates^ Notioil, there 
is naturally in our Bodies, Bitter, Salt, 
Sweet, Acid, Acerb, Infipid, and many 
other Taftes; (and by thefe I diftinguilh 
the feveral kinds of natural Conftitutions) 
for when our Humours are well digefted, 
well tempered, and well mixt, we enjoy a 
perfeft Health, which being feidom found, 
fomeoneof thefe Taftes predominate; and 
we may denominate each Conftitution by 
the Tafte of that Humour which abounds. 
Hf/'^ocra/pjobferves farther, That Difeafes 
are produced, if too much Sweet, Bitter, 
or Salt, be produced, or they be too high, 
digefted, ex-jlted, or fcparated from the 
reft: fo Fevers do not depend on Heat- 
alone, for that is the Effeft of an Efferve- 
scence ; but the va rious Cacochymia's which 
cfTervefce are the Bitter, Salt, Acid; and 
thefe Hippocrates knew, and called them the 
Hot Bitter, Hot Salt, and Hot Acid; and 
U»e Cold Cacochymia's he called the Acerb,, 

[Parti. OfColdBatbs. 


r and the Cold Infipid, And by thefe Taftes 
[ 'tis plain, that not onlv Fevers, but alfo 
[Fluxes of Humours, Obflru-^tions, and 
Iptlcrvefcency, ouglit to be diflinguilhedl 
^to their feveral Species, that we may pre- 
fcribenotfuch Specifick Taftesasare proper 
or the Difeafe in general, but fiich as are 
•uited to the feveral Conftitutions, in which 
ny ol'the mentioned Difcafes are produced, 
, By this Defcriptionoftlie feveral natural 
ponrtitutions, and the Morbifick Matter, 
|is evident, that Cold and Hot Baths can 
illy heat and cool, and change thofe Qua- 
wies in us. But in our Patients, befides 
bthitig, we muft purge off the Quantity, 
lind by contrary Taftes, correft the Exal- 
tation or Degeneration of any Humour, or 
Ijpew mixt it ; temper its Acrimony, ordi- 
iBeft its Crudity. Our Patients ought there- 
[lore to be well prepared before Bathing, 
nd continue a fuitable Die:, and courfe 
/Phyfick afterwards. Therefore I muft 
fetnark this as an abfurd Humour in our 
^tients, to expeft that Bathing fhould 
Dmpleatly Cure every thing, whereas it is 
UC like all other external Applications, and 
ght not to be ufed till fome general Mc- , 
\ has prepared the Body for it. 
<. That HippocvAies here undcrftands 
Cold Baths, I may prove by this Exprefli- 
00, ABo-a/tti®. 4^rif?- ^'i'' Mr. Daeier 
D 4 tran- 

3 6 OfColdBatW 

fify the new Nutriment, and fay relaxing the 
Skin, caufe the plumping up of the Habit of 
the Body by it: but becaufeofthe Crudity of 
the Chylous Serumic will noteafily perfpire, 
I iliall next proceed to give an account 
of Hi^pocrxtes's Obfervations concerning 
the effeft of Cold, out of his Tra£l, Cot- 
eernius theVfe of Liquids^ which being an 
imperfeft Tract, is only Obfervations ; and 
the defign of it is to fhew the right ufe of 
Cold as well as Hot ; and though he men- 
tions not Bath, yet we may infer, if Hoc 
and Cold can produce any confiderable Ef- 
fefts in any part, it will do the fame on the 
whole, he mentions, mvQJLn 7«mwK5«f©* a-'m.v 
l©*7i fjLi^©'. And 1 think Bathing is moll 
properly called the Fomentation oi the 
whole Body. He feems there to defign to 
explain the general EfFefts of Liquids, when 
he gives us the account of the general Ef- 
fects of Water, in moirtening, heating, and 
coohng. Moiftening refpeds the Skin , 
but heating and cooling fhews the Effects 
it has on the Humours; and wlien 'tis 
drank, it has no other good or bad ElfcQ:s, 
By this Obfervation we may be inftruGed 
how much the external Ufe of Medicines 
agrees with their inward Ufe, and from the 
outward Ufe we may learn the inward good 
or bad Effeas. 

He makes the Skin of the Patient the 

Judge of the Heat and Cold, or elfe the 


Of Cold Baths. 


Skin of him who pours on the tVater; and 
he advifes bo:h to be endured till the effeft 
defired is produced ; but that we fhould not 
proceed to any great excefs which will in- 
jure the Body. This is a fit Caution to be 
ufed in Cold Baths as well as the Hot; we 
muft ftay in them To long as to produce a 
moderate Effeft, but not fo long as to burn 
usby heat, nor congeal us by Cold. If we 
ftay but a fmall time in a Cold Bath, it will 
produce but a fmall EtTe£t; but if we ftay 
long, it will produce a great one, and too 
"■flng wiU deftroy our natural Heat. He 
pcntions the Inconveniences which cnfue 
on on excefs in the ufe both of Hot and 
lold Water in Fomentations. And the 
ime 1 may apply to Baths, had places for 
aths been more common in Hippocrates''^ 
fays. AH thefe Direftions about Fomenta- 
tion, and Lotions^ or Ajfujions^ of Water, 
would have been applied to Baths ; but he 
complains in his Book, Concerning th» Diet 
\ in Acute Difeafet, pag. 65. that Conveni- 
Kcnces for Bathing, and fit Servants for that 
Htfe, were to be found but in few places. I 
* fliall therefore continue to make a Parallel 
betwixt Fomentations and Baths, as to 
their Effefts, and I mufl mention the Ef- 
fefts of Hear, that thofe of Cold may be bet- 
ter underftood. Exceflive Cold has thefe 
Efft£ts, it blackens Inflammations by con- 

trafting th^Skin ; it hinders Perfpiration, 
and the Circulation of the Blood through. 
Tumours; it very much comprefles the Ait 
in our Humours, and venal lilood looks 
blacker than the Arterial, becauie the Mo- 
tion and Rarification of it is much lefs. He 
farther fays, That exceflive Cold caufesfe- 
verifh Rigour, Convulfions and Diften- 
tions, all which depend on the fenfe of 
Chilnefs, which gives the fhivering in the 
Skin, and occafions its ContraSion, and the 
greatnefs of the Senfation of Cold pro- 
duces the Contraflion and Convulfive Mo- 
tion of the Mufcles and their Tendons, and 
the Tetdnus is only a lafting Cramp. When 
we obferve any ofthefc Diforders mention- 
ed, we muft: conclude, that we have ftay'd 
too long in the Cold Bath; the Effefts of 
cxceffive Cold are alfofoon felt on the Breaft, 
Stomach, and Belly, becaufe wetifetokeep 
thofe Parts more warm than the red. 

He gives thefe Eftefts of exceflive Heat, 
that it Blifters tlie Skin ; and this I believe 
it effects by rarifying the Air contained in 
our Humours, as Cupping-GIaces do. To 
this Efle£l of Heat I may aflign a contrary 
EfTed in exceflive Cold, which contrao: 
the Skin like a GoofeSkin, and makes 
it very pale. Exceflive Heat effeminates 
the Flefb, that is, it makes it very fofc 
therefore exceflive Cold hardens it, ex- 
ceflive ' 

Of Cold Baths. 

e Heat debilitates the Nerves, an^ ftu- 
plfies the Spirits, by evaporating of them. 
Exceflive Cold muft congeal and comprcfs 
them too much. ExcefTive Heat cayfes 
Hemorrhagies by ratifying the ;lirinour 
Humours. Exceffive Cold ftops all Fluxes 
f Blood, by condenfingand over-compref^ 
iig the Aninial Spirits in our Humours j 
Siefe Effefts of excefnveCoId are not expref- 
"■ dby Hippocrates^ but I may juftly infer 'em 
■om the contrary Effcftsof exce (live Heat, 
i*! Whilft we arc in Health, Hippocrates 
*§\ves us ihefe ObfervatJons of Hot and Cpld: 
I Mediocrity of them profits ns ; and whilft 
Ifliey pleafe us, and are eafily born, they 
hey do us good ; but they injure us \'^hen 
hey give us pain, and arc difficultly born. ^ 
The 'Parts of the Body which are natui 
^lly covered, are pleafed with Heat, fuch 
Tfls the Brain, Nerves, Back- mar row, the 
Breads, Loins, Stomach, and Hypochon- 
, dria's, and theFlefh; thefe being ufed to 

II moderate degree of Heat, arc much of- 
jended by Cold when they are uncovered; 
sut any of thefe Parts being prcternaturally> 
floE or Cold require the contrary, and are 
pleafed with it; and when they arc hot, 
the drinking of Cold Water is molt accep- 
table, as well as the fame in outward Ap-- J 
plications. As Heat cures all the Febrile ^ 
Rigours, Convulfions, and Diftentions',-* 
which Cold produces; fo Cold cures all the 

ill Effefts of Heat above mentioned, and 
Cold is as neceflary as Heat to alter the fo- 
lid Parts, and the Humoui-s contained in 

I will defcribe the Effefts of Heat upon 
difeafed Bodies, and fliew thereby the Ef- 
FeQsofColdin contrary Cafes; and here- 
in defcribe them as Hippocrates has done, 
though in a different manner, to avoid the 
Repetition he has made of them in this 

The hot Fomentation of the whole Body, 
orof its Parts, (and the fame is the EfftQs 
of Baths) molifies the Skin, which is too 
hai-d, and relaxes the tenfe, becaufc Heat 
rarifies the Humours contained intheVef- 
fels, and thereby molifies it ; relaxes the 
Skin by molifying of it. Cold on the con- 
trary condenfes the Humours, and occafi- 
ons the Contradion of the Membranes of 
the Skio, therefore it makes the lax Skin 
tenfe and hard. 

Heat attrafls the Humours and Nutri- 
ment into the Flefh and Nerves; therefore ' 
Cold on the contrary repels them. 

Heat opens the Pores for Sweat, but 
Cold rtiuts them up and hinders it. 

Heat is proper for the moiftening-by a 
Fomentation in the Nofe, Womb, Blad- 
der, and Anus^ becaufe they are naturally 
kept warm; therefore Cold is injurious co 
them all, if fwellcd or dried. Heat 

Of Cold Baths. 

Heat difcuffes Winds, therefore Cold in- 
Creafes them; but in Vouth, and in the 
vSummer-time, and in a flefhy Habit of Bo- 
[^y, a large PerfufionofCoId Water recol- 
Jefts the heat, and cures Diftenfions with- 
out Ulcers. The feme is the Effeft of Cold 
£atbs, which produces contrary EfFeOs to 
'Cold Fomentations, becaufe they produce 
Sweats, Urine, Stools, and the Meofcs, as 
iam informed by the Women. And pro* 
Iwbly for their Hemagogue Faculty, Mip- 
focrates obferves, That Cold Bathing makes 
woody Urine worfe, which none ofthe In- 
terpreters feem to have well underftood. 

A moderate Heat increafes the Flefli, 

td Cold fhrinks and hinders its growth* 
^^ icaufe it repels the Circulation inward, but 
Heat attraGs it outward, and thereby fof- 
tens; and If immoderate, it melts and di- 
ninifbes the Ftefh, and extenuates the 
whole Body. 

Heat recals the Colour, but if immode- 
rate, it dillipates the Nourifhrnent and Co- 
Cold makes the Skin very pale, like 

lUet, or a Goofe-Skin. 

Hot Fomentations of the Head, or other 

irts, occafion Sleep, by exhaufting the 
jirits^ therefore Cold will hinder Sleep, 
by preferving the Vigour of the Spirits. 
Heat cures Spafms, and eafes the Fains of 
Cramps, and all Pains of the Eyes, Ears, 

Part I. 

and f*ach like; and tins it does by difcuf- 
fing the rarified Air which caufcs thofe Dif- 
eafes. Cold Fomentaions increafe all thofe 
Pains, though Coid Baths by producing 
Sweats eafe them. 

Hot Water agrees wich the Eyes pained 
with fharp Rheum, and all Drinefs and 
Ulceration of them. 

Cold Water is proper for inflamed red 
Ey& without Pain, and againft all Suppu- 
ration,- and hardnefs in them. 

Water may be applied externally with a 
Sponge to cool the Ey^es, to deterge and 
moiften the Membranes, and to dilute the: 
Salt-Tears, or ilop Defluxions of Salt-Se- 
rum through the Glands of the Eyes. 

Heat helps the Parts over-cooled, and. 
Cold refredies the Parts over-heated. 

Heat promotes Suppuration, and Cold 
hinders it by ftopplng the Afflux of Blood, 
and the Rarification of Humours. 

Heat mitigates Febrile Rigours, Diften- 
tions, Convulfions, and Hcavinefs Jn the 
Head, all which Cold increafes. Hcac 
helps the Iiardnefs of the Limbs after Iiiflam- 
matiorts or Contra£lions. 

Heat is proper for Fraftures, Luxations^ 
Wounds in the Head, for Bare-bones and 
Ulcers, which do not bleed, for all Parts 
mortified or ulcerated by Cold, for the eat- 
ing Herpes, or Blacknefs in the AnuSy 

Part I. Of Cold Baths. 45 

Gums, Vterus. Cold is injurious to all thefe» 
and ofiisnds Ulcers, becaufe the Parts have 
been ufed to be covered, and it ftops the 
Afflux of Humours; but Heat is like Pitch 
to Ulcers, helping their Suppuration. ' 

Hippocrates advifes us to be more careful 
intheufeof cold things than hot, becaule 
*iis iefs agreeable to our Natures; yet he 
freely recommends cold Applications in Hie- 
morrhagies, anfl all Inflammations whilft 
recent; but it blackens old Inflammations; 
He commends cold Water for the Red Pu- 
ftules in the Skin, in fuch as have fwellcd . 
Spleens; and in thofe wiiich happen by hoc 
Baths, or the Obftruftion of the Menfes, 
or the flop of Sweat, or rough Garments^ 
By the Puftulcs in the Splenetick, 'tis evi- 
dent he underftands either the Scorbutick, 
or Leprous. Noie^ That he here mentions 
Hot Baths, and he therefore mult be fuppo- 
fed to prefcribe Cold Baths to cure the Pu- 
ftules raifed by them. I muit remark far- 
ther, That he prefcribes Cold Water for 

Cureof the Puftulescoming by the flop 

the Menfes, therefore Cold Baths are 
alfo good for the Menfes, and itis likewife 
proper for fwelied Spleens. 

If he had dcfigned the Defcription of Cold 
Baths, and their EfFe£is, he could not have 
done it more plainly than in thefollowing 
Vi-i',.Jj E 

Both Hot and Cold Water are good for th^ 

f amours of the 'Joints^ and for Podagrick 
tins without Vlctrs^ and j/iof pdrt of Cort^ 
vuljicfis. He pours upon any jiart mirek 
Cold iVatSTy extenudtes it bf cauftng SnvatSf, 
Mitd ftupijies the Fai», and a moderate Stupor 
s aivay Pain, Hot Water sxienuiUes (h^ 
e, Afidfojtens them. ■' 

, 'Note, TnatH>/'/'0''T>«f«defcribestbe Ap^ 
TpUcation of Cold Water by thefe WordS| 
! ^X^'- ■^''=^0'' •>(Cxi'^y-^''^y which has -thfl 
feme EfFeft as Cold Baths. j. 

Both the Hot and Hold Baths are good fof{ 
\ibeGout^ Refolul ion 0} a?tj/ part ^ Dijlentioa^ 
[ ^o/iivuifo»Sj and fach like ; for Stiffnefs^ 
xXf'emUitigj Paij/es^ or jUght.ApoplexieSy^i 
* fiich tike J for Lame/iefs^ Torpor s^ lofs 
Spetchf and Suppreffions &f the ififeriM 

By theie Obfervat'ions we know tha^ 
Hippocrates underftood, That Cold Bath^ 
as wellas Hot, cured the Obftriittion of th< 
Nerves in Palfies, Tremblings, Lofs c 

E $peech, Relaxaion of the Limbs, Torporf 

1 Stiffiiefs. 

HeobTerved how the windy Spirits w< 
compreired or dilculTed in Pains, Convuj 

' f ons, I enfiotis. He afcribes the openin|_ 
of Obrtruciions, of the Menfes, Urioej 
Stools, to Cold 'SVater, as well as H^q, 
The ixafon of all thefe gieat Effcfts he atfo 
iv^ii 3 obferved 


raicAflJiv xojeers/ 'Sip/Mi Ss ittoTT* pu'sTiK ; bjT 

which 'tis evident that Hippocrates under- 
ftood, that Cold produced Heat, and that 
that Heat cured the Difeafes, for which 
Cold Baths are moft efFe£luaL Therefore 
all the Injury of Cold Baths, is from the 
ftaying in them too long, or repeating them, 
fo oft as to futfocate or congeal the HeaC 
neceflary to Cure a Difeafe. From this 
Aphorifm 'tis evident. That he prefcribcd; 
them rSvpe©^ ^ian in the Summer, notia 
the Winter, and vi^ <it/o-apx^, to a young- 
Man of good habit of Body. 

In the Aphorifms which feem to be col* 

lefted out of the Tra£l of Liquids, I ob-' 

ftrve, that he defcribes the excefsofHot 

"]aths by irAeovaitis ^p--sftscaa-i ; therefore we 

puft avoid too oft Repetitions of Cold 

nths as well as Hot. 

Ein the Aphorifms relating to Cold Bathsj 

'ii. V. he diftingmlhes the Pains for which 

bid is injurious, and they are ' thofe 

ijich preceed Suppuration, or Pains de- 
'pbnding on Suppuration: but by the pre- 
ceding Traft ot Liquids 'tis plain, That 
both Rheumatick Pains and Windy Pains 
are cured by Cold only, oS'unv awxTueiBif 
TreiM, 'tis the only Fain coid injures. la 
the Aphorifms, Cold, fuch as Snow- and 
Ice, is obfgrved to produce Coughs, to 
E a break 


Of Cold Baths. Part I'.'' 

break Veins, and to caufc Deflufttons. 
Cold Air therefore heats as well as Cold 
Water, and produces the fame Inconveni- 
ence in Bodies difpofed to them. Since I 
find thefe Aphorifms agreeable to the Traft 
of Liquids, I may conclude. That that 
Traft was his as well as the Aphorifms; 
and by thefe wemay diftinguifb his Wri- 
tings. I obferve farther, that he defcribes 
in his Aphorifms the Virtues of Hot and 
Gold, without mentioning of Fomentati- 
ons, Affufions, or Baths; but the to >|-i>- 
^V, or TO Sr6f/*t,'i', relate to all of them 
equally. That Hippocrates well under- 
flood the Ufe of temperate JJaths is certain, 
by the Dirc£lion he gives about them in 
bis Book, Of Diet i» Acute Dijeafes, that' 
he advifes to Baihe, and that the way to" 
the Bath be (liort, and without SmoaI(,i 
find that there be all Conveniences forBa-. 
thing, and that the Perfon bathed fhould 
permit the Perfufion and Deterilon to otheri 
Ferfons, doing nothing but being filent* 
themfeives. The Perfufions which an-^ 
fwered our pumping, iTratfAwOTflj, fhouid 
be quick, the Dcterlion by Sponges, and 
the Body to be anointed before very dry/1 
After Eating immediately we rauft noi> 
Bathe, nor Eat immediately after Bathing. 
He recommends temperate Bathing for In- 
flammations of the Lungs, and Pain of thcl 
Back, Sides, BreaA, becaufe it ripens the 

'Shi. Of Cold Baths. 


Spit, and helps it up ; and this we ought 
"» imitate in ftop of the Spit; it promotes 
Urine, helps the heavincfs of the Head, for 
which we ought to bathe our Patients in 
^at Cafe in temperate Baths. 

We ought not, according to his advice, 
» Bathe them who are too Loofe, nor too 
Buch Bound, nor before Purging. We 
nuft not Bathe the Fainty and Weak, nor 
She Naufcous, andthofe whoaredifpofed 
> Vomit, or have a Cholerick Windinefs 
^n their Eruftations, nor thofe who are 
kpt to Bleed, nor thofe who live on thin 
jiet, or are feverifh. I have here pre- 
fented you with enough to prove, that 
'-Jippocrxtes knew the Virtue both of Hot 
^and Cold Baths, and the right Ufeof them. 
' Hipf aerates alfo has made the Ufe of Hot 
bnd CoJd Baths, part of his G^mnaftick Jrt^ 
^When in his Third Book ot Diet he di- 
rects us after the Exercife of the PaUjir^i 
to bathe in Cold Water, but after other 
iExercife in Hot Baths. 

tBut before I conchide, I muft give you 
Cure of that fort of HypochoadriAck Affe- 
ion, which HippocrAtes defcribes to afleQ: 
e Stomach with Pain and Vomiting 
Choler and Phlegm ; and when they 
,ke Nourilhment, they are troubled with 
Winds, their Head akes, and pricking 
Pains are in tlieir Limbs, which are alfo 
E J Weak 


Of Cold Baths. 

"Weak and Feeble j diey hum and have a 
high Colour in the Face. For the Cure of 
it, Ki/i^oer^/ej propofes Exercife, Travels, 
l*urges, and Vomits frequently, and a 
Cold Bath in the Summer, and in Autumn 
and Winter anointing with Oyls, Affes 
Milk, and to abftain from fweet, fat and 
joyly Dyet, and to keep the Body open, 
.and to ufe GlyfVers and cool Diet. 

see Wtpccr. 


If I had quoted no more 
than this one Cafe, it is fufii- 
cient to juilify my Defign of 
Erefting a Cold Bath for the 
benefit of this Country ; for 
the fame Caufe will oft fall into our Hands, 
and among many other Remedies, Cold 
paths are necelfary for the Pains, Weak- 
nefs of the Limbs, Winds, and Convulfi. 
ons. And by this Example, Hippocratet 
^caches us not to depend on Cold Baths 
3lone, but to ufe them in a rational Method 
jfter general Evacuations, and not to neg- 
Ie£l other Remedies, which joyned with;. 
.Cold BaihS| win after fome time efte£t th& 

. The want of a true Notion about thflS 
MeasofCoId Baths, has made the TrafilS 
of Hippocrates^ concerning Liquids, vci^ 
Obfeure to all Tranflators, and they havj 
4ipt we)l diftinguiflied, that the Virtues at 
tde beginning belong tomfi/n, snd thol 
, repeat! 

repeated at the latter end, xaTd^oK, which 

i-was performed by the Servant who ufed to 

Bur Water upon Perfons,' who bathed ei- 

her in Hot or Coid Baths, as I could prove 

i Hippocratet: But I muft defift at prc- 

, and fubtnic all to your curious Judg- 

t, and beg the favourable Cenfure of 

lat I have Wrk, and your kind Aflift- 

sin promoting my Def^gn ofErefting 

old Bath. Jn which I hope the Opini- 

jn o( Hippocrates will engage you, as well 

^your ufual Candor and Rel^e^ to^ 

S I Ry 

Tour very humble ServMJtt, 



tf<> part J, 


Concerning the Ancient Im- 
merfionof Infants in Bap* 

; , tif iri^ and the Benefit there- 
of in curing many of their 
. Infirniities, and the pre- 
venting Hereditary Dilea- 


CAf7didus egrediiur nitidis exercitus undis ; 
Fulgent es animas v eft is quoque Candida fignat^ 
Et grege de niveo gaudia paftor habet. 

To the Reverend the Dean, and Canons, Re- 
fidentiaries of the Cathedral Church of 

Mj Reverend Friends, 

MY Defign being to recommend the 
Ufe of Cold loathing to this Coun- 
try, I thought it neceflary for the afluring 
all People of the Innocency of that Pra- 
aice, to reprefent to them the Ancient 
Cuftom of pur Church in the Immerfion of 


i. Of Cold Baths. 51 

Infants, as well as all other People at their 
Baptifm. And I do here appeal to you, 
as Perfons well verfcd in the Ancient Hi- 
ftory, and Canons, and Ceremonies of the 
Church of E^glaitd; and therefore are fuf- 
ficient Witneffes of the Matter of Fact 
which I defign to prove, -i/tx.. That Im-i 
merfion continued in the Church of Etigm 
land til! about the Year 1600. And from 

Ibence I fhall infer. That if God and the 
Church thought that Praftice Innocent for 
^6oo Years, it muft be accounted an un* 
reafonable Nicety in this prefent Age, to 
ftniple either Immcrfion or Cold Bathing 
AS dangerous Praftices. Had any prejudice 
Wfually happened to Infants by the trine 
Immerfion, that Cuftom could not have 
been fo long continued in this Kingdom, 
'We muft always acknowledge, that he that 
made our Bodies would never command 
any PraSice prejudicial to our Healths, 
but on the contrary he belt knows what 
win be moll for the Prefervation of our 
Healths ; and does frequently take great 
care both of our Bodies and Souls in the 
fame command. He has oft made that our 
Duty which highly tends to the Preferva- 
tion of our Health. I may inftance in fa- 
fttng and fubduing the Affe£lions, and al- 
molt all fort of Moral Duties. The fame 
Ideijgatoprove, that tho' he deligned Im- 


Of Cold Baths. Parti. 

BSerfion as a Baptifmal Rite for tlie Repre^ 
ientatbn of the wafhing away all Original 
Sin ; yet that alfo mtglit be a natural M&ns 
far the cuj-ing the Infirmity, and prevent- 

^ ing Hereditary Dlfeafes in Infants. 

And if I can prove, that the Ufc of Im* 

^ inerfion will be very advantageous to tlh« 
Health of Children where Difeafes are He- 
ifidiiary, I may help to revive the Ancient 
Fraftice of Trine Immerfion, which the 
Church does yet recommend to all Perfons, 
when in the Rubriek it commands the Dip- 
ping <rf the Perfon to be baptized difcreet- 
ly and warily. And in this Difcourfe I de- 
fign to prove only thefe Two Things. 
1. That Immerfion was pra£lifed from the 
beginning of Chriftianity, for 1600 Years; 
and this Phyfical Ufe I fhall make of this 
Point, that they who well confider that 
Ancient Cuftom, cannot retain any Scru.. 
pies againft the ■^■x^^oXvnx. I fhall recom^ 
mend. The fecond thing I will endeavour 
to convince my Country of, isthe ufefiilr, 
nefs of the Trine Immerfion to their Chit-' 
dren, efpecially in Families fubjeft to He- 
reditary Difeafes. 

- i will be^in with the firjt, That it w^- 
■die general Fraftice of the Primitive Churc^' 
tl» Baptize their Converts in FountainR,' 
{'onds, or Rivers, and after that manner alj 
■1 Nation^ 

5rtT. Of Cold Baths. 


Nations, whether Northern or Southern, re- 
-peived the Baptifmal Ablution. 

The Holy Scriptures informs us, That 
;. John baptized in '^orJdfi, and this was 
trt of our Englifl} Liturgy, That by the 
Eiptifm of thy well beloved Son, Jefus 
V//, did fanftify the Flood Jotdim, and 
Dot her Waters. P^ul baptized LydU in 
River. And Philip baptized the Eunuch 
Water, of whom 'tis writ, that they 
^ent down both into the Water. TerfulliAti 
Emis, That Peter baptized many in the 

S "Tis certain, That there weie no Baptt- 
terics built till after ciie Second Century, 
bd then tliey were not built in the Cihurch, 
ucoutof it, and near to fome Cftthedra), 
(phcre the Bifliop ufed to Baptite at the 
Eves of Eafier and IVhitfuntide. 

*Twas the Cuftotn to Baptize both Men 
nd Women naked. And (oConfttntine^ 
1 the 65th Yearot his Age, himfelf was 
eptized, tho' the firft Chrirtian Emperor: 
Aiid Mefaphrafies attefts, That after he was 
naked, Pifcinnm ingrejftn efiy An.Chrifi. 548. 
'Tis related, in ilicHiftoryof the Church, 
That Poijcarp baptized Tr/tm^uiHinui T\z\itA\ 
tho* he had a great Pain in nis Hands and 
bis Feet. 



Of Cold Baths. 

St.ChryfoJtom Interprets the 
rio^Ji. ""^- word Baptize by Immerfion, 
Trina Merfom Inptifma euique 
tritaere: And he mentions the Prieft, la 
loco faperiori finns ter ilium demergit ; and 
ChryfofiomXiVtdA. C. 582. 

I will mention a Quotation out of St,- 
Amhrofe^ de Sucmmentis^ who lived An. 
Chrift. 381. becaufe he moft particularly de- 
icribes the trine Immerfion. Thou art 
asked, Dofi thoa believe in God the Father ? 
Thou anfwereft, I do bdieve ; and tliou wert 
dipped. Again thou wert demanded, Dofi 
thou believe tn the Lord Jefus Chrifi ? Thou 
anfwereft, 1 do believe; and then thou wert 
dipped again. Thirdly, Thou wert asked, 
Dofi thou bdieve in the Holy Ghofi f ThoU . 
anfwereli, i do believe; and thou were dip^ 
ped a third time. 

St. Cjprian gives a fufficlent Teftimony 
of the Baptifm by Immernon, in his 961(1 
fepiltle, in anfwer to Ma^fltfi,inthefe Words, 
Quxfifti^ tnihi churijfime^ qaid mihi de fSis 
videatar qui i/ifirmitite & U>}guore grstiattt 
Dei confequuntur^Att habendilegitimiChrifiiani 
^aod sqita fslutari non lotij fed perfufi. To 
which he gives this Anfwer, /« fteramentis 
[Mutaribus necefjitAte cogente ^ Dee indalgen- 
tiam fuam Urgtente totum credentibmcanft^.. 
raat divioa comf>endi*. 


Parti. Of Cold Baths. 55 

In an old Ritual lent me by the prefent 
hancellor of our Dioccfs, I obferve the 
'eaediSfio fontittm^ and that the trine Im- 
lerfion was pofitively prefcribed in the 
'orra of a Crofs ; but if any one was fo 
ic!i that he could not fafely be Dipt, jujfi- 
it ilium aqaa *fferg[. 

Gregory the Greaty who lived J». Chifi. 
190. introduced the fingle Immerfion in 
ipofition to the ArrUn Herefy. 
I obferve that in Grdtian's Decretils^ and 
'regorf^ Decretals^ both the fingle and trine 
wnerfion are oft mentlon'd. 
In the time of Chdoveus, the French 
ling's Baptifteries were built in the lVeJfer» 
k^hurch, and placed near the Door on the ■ 
Xeft-hand, they were parted in the middle 
by a Travers of Wood, one part was al- 
lotted to the Women, and the other to the 
Men, and DeaconelTes were appointed to 
affift in the Baptizing of the Women. The 
Cuftom of Baptizing naked Women is de- 
fcrib'd by St. Chryfojiom : And this, as Cdfu- 
Jius affirms, continued in the Wejhrn 
Churches 'till the Year 1140, when it 
ceafed in many places, but continued in the 
E4J?, and others of the Weft fiill retained 
it longer. In all thefe Baptifteries they 
ufed Immerfion, and they defcended by 
Steps into them, as into a Sepulcher, be- 
caufe we are. faid to be buried with bim in 
Baptifm: and it was the Cuflom of the 


Of Cold Baths. 

God-fathers to receive the Men, and the 
God-Mothers the Women, as they came 
our of the Water. 

Bccaufe it may beobjefled. That this 
Practice may be fitter for the hot Climates 
than the colder, I \\'illgivefomeInftances 
out of Bede^ S^elrnari'^ Concilia^ Linwood^ 
and apitrrflivh CoHscfion of ike EngUfh Caaons^ 
to prove. That Chriftianity was planted in 
England by the Ufe of the Immerfion, and 
that it was continued in England after the 
Reformation, during the Reign of Ed* 
irWVI, and Queen £//«.«^f/A. 

Spelman in his firft Part of his Comtlis, 
gives us an Account, That Lwc/wi writto 
Eleutherius to fend feme Miflionarics into 
Englandy to Convert and Baptize the Na- 
tion, and that he accordingly fent Pbti- 
gAPJits and Derw-jtaans, who in the Year 
i66 preached, and baptized the King and 
his People, (Regem eum fuo fopuh [acyo [ante 

Bede in his Second Book relates how Vaw 
lintis baptized King Edwin at Tork^ at Etfi- 
er, in the Year 627, and at the Village 
R'girt, in the Province of the Bertjicii, he 
baptized a great number of People in the Ri- 
ver G/e«; andintlie Province of the Dw/, 
he baptized them irt the River Swalva, 
Arid Bede in Uk ?. attefts, That hebap- 

fldigccacMui^wdeirt the River Trj- 

'art I. Of CM Baths. 


heata. And Bede^ who flonrifTied in the 
Year of our Lord 696. gives this Reflexi- 
on, Nondum emm oratoriA vel BaptiJieria, 
-.fH ipfo exordio ndfce/ttis ecclsfu poterant ^di^~ 
Wf*ri. Bede gives an Account of Bjrhusy 
Mt^ho Preached in the Province of the Ge* 
R/Z/ffj, and baptized both their King and 
Blis People, Fonte Bmifmatis ; and that Of- 
Wfid/dj the King of the Nordhuml>ri, being 
rarefent, Earn de Uvacre exeuntem Jufctpijfe. 
m The Province of the Mediterrmem-An- 
yrU were baptized by St. Cedda^ and his 
■tompanions. And Bede defcribes them 
■sphom they baptized thus, Bideifont^ fant 
wAluti. ' I 

■ Wilfrid converted the South-Saxons tq. I 
■Ac Faith, Et Uvacrum fulutis minijfrabat,^ ^ 
wMdiimAUhy their King, was baptized in 
BfcrcM, whofe King iVutfhere being pre- 
Knt, Bede in his Fourth Book, makes him _ 
nis God-Father; A quo etiam defeat e egref*^ J 
^li ioco fill fufceptus eft, Bede in his Flrft'^i 
Book relates how Ceadive/U^ the King of 1 
H)e l^eft ^axonsy left his Kingdom, and I I 
E^ent to Rome, Vt ad limi^a be/ttorum Apof-^ 1 
mi^orum fonts BtptifmAtis ahlueretur \ and^ J 
■that he was baptized, Die Sa»lii SahUii^^ 1 
ljp4/</W/j, Anfio 689. By all the preced-^J 
■ng Quotations from Bede, 'tis clearly pro-^ 1 
ned, Thatlmmerfion, was the general Prac-J I 
fcccin the &rSt jp^ntingof QirilUahity in.^ ' 


Of Cold Bath!. Part i; 


H EagUnd; and by the following Inftances 

^L it will appear, that it was continued in the 

W Eagiijh Church 'till the time of King 

■ James I. 

m In Spelman*s Concilia, Part the Firft, in 

■ the Sjjnod of Cheluchythj under JVaifred, 
I Archbifhop of Owfer^wr/, J^m 821. Ca^. 
m 22. I find thefe Words, Sciam etiam ^rejhy- 
K tiri quando facrum Baptifma tninijlrant^ ut 

■ noiteffundant aquam fault am faper capita In- 
M faatum, fed femper mergantur in Lavacro, 
^L ficut exemplam prshuit per femet ipfam Dei 
^H filius omni credertti^ fuafido ejfet ter mtrfus 
^B i» afidis Jordams. 

^^ That the fame Cuftpfn continued after- 

wards, appears by the Caffillian Council in 
Ireland, Jnno 1172. in Fart Second, of 
Spelman^ Concilia, where it was ordered, 
lit pueri deferrentur ad ecc/efidtn, & ibi 
hap[iz,entur ifi aqua rnunda, trina merfione. 
And in the Year 1195. in the Council 
at Tork, it was ordered, Ne in Bapii/mate 
flares qaam tres fufcipiant paerum de facro 
fonts. And Spelman fhews the continuance 
of Immerfion by a Statute made In the 
Council at London, held 1200, Hiveropaer^ 
in neceffitate haptiz^ettir a Uico, fquenli* iiti- 
merftomm non prxced'entia per facer doTem ex- 
fU'antur. Many more Teftimonies ' of 
the Immerfion may be obfervcd in •S^e/- 
In the Conftitutions of Rie. Epifc, 




fJPart I. Of Cold Baths. 

vam liiy. 'tis ordered, That in Bapcbs- 
'[ ofa Boy, there fhall be but three, Jd 
'aifditm pueram defonte. And in the con- 
liiutions o? Rich. Epifc. Dunelm. 1220. 'tis 
ordered, That the Water where the Child 
is baptized, fhall not be kept above Seven 
Days; and in the Symdas iVigQrnknpSy 
TtinA [emfff fiit Immerfto Bsptiz.andi^ Anno 
1240. And in the Synodus Exonienftt^ 
'J287. Si puer rite htptiznius^ mn ipfd fuh" 
[merJiOy nee precedential fed fuhfequentis per 
faeerdotem fuppU*atur. And the Synoaas 
Wintonienfts^ Jm/jo 1^06. mentions the Im- 
merfion. I have quoted all the preceed- 
ing Paflages from Spelm^LR^ whofe Credit 
cannot be qaeftioned; and I delire alfo 
thence to obferve, that the Immerfion was 
always ufed to Children, as well as Adult 

I will next produce Lit/wood, who be- 
to write his Confiitatiofies Anglix about 
Year 1422. And he give? the Provin* 
Conftitutions of Edmund Epif. Cunt. 
[^ ,DotM. 1254. Bxptijterium ha^eatar i» 
Tihe't ecelejin B^ptifaali Uptdeum^ vel aliad 
■ompeteas. And a competent Baptiflery 
Lintoood interprets big enough for the Xm- 
merfioa of the Perfon to be baptized. 
And Littwoodj Page 242. gives thefe Re- 
marks on the different ways of Baptizing, 
"'"' ' Baptifm may be performed by 
F Afperfion, 


Of Cold Baths, ml 

Aperfion, or AfFiiTion of Water, wherq.] 
there is fuch a Cufton), yet tlie more lau- 
dable Cuftom is, that it Hiould be done by 
Immerfion ; and tho' the Imfneifion matf 
^e pne, yet the Cuftom of the tripe Ini- 
merfiQn is tpore to b^ approved, becaiife i£ 

^ fignifies our. Faith in the Trinity, and 

, three Days fepultureof Chiift. Tho* 
was the Opinion of the Canonifts in hii. 
Day?;, yet ,tis plain, that the trine Immeri 
fion continued longer in Etirland: For Era^ 
fftn noted it.ap a piece ofSingularity in tlir 
tȣli(l/ Church, becaufe in his time thei 
ufed Irnmerfion ; and it is evident by thi 
Rubric} in King Edward VTs Days, that 
the Ett^lijh Church ufcd tliat pra£ViccV 

^ 1*1165^01311 the Priert take the Child in h^ 
Hands, and ask the Name, and namina 
the Child, fhali dip it in the Water thrice- 
firjl^ dipping the Right-fidej ^econdlj^ 
the Left-fide : And the 7'///V^titne, dippinj 
the Face towards tliQ Font, lb it be. dij 
creetly and waiiJy done. In the Coin- 
mon-iPrayer-Book in Queen Elizahethy 

] Days, the /\ff^r;H' fays,,N:imingiheC!uI<t 
you (hail dip it in the Water, fo it be dip 
creetly and warily done; but if the Child' 
be Weak, or be Baptized privately, in caE 
6\' neceffuy, it was fuMcient to poUr ^t/if 
ler upon it. 
; Kyigi Edirard\ Jnj,vp£lions weic pujj^ij^'^ 

'art I. Of Cold Baths, 

1547. by which all People were forbid the 
breaking obfVinately the laudable Ceremo- 
nies of the Church. And inSparrow's Col- 
leBton of Jriiclft, S:c. In the Articles of 
Qneen EUzxheih, i <^6^. 'tts ordered. That 
the Font be not removed, nor that the 
Curate do Baptize in any Parifh Churches 
in any Balbn, nor in any other Form than 
is already prefcribed. And 1^71. Lihtr 
Csfso/juTfi^ Foftrerno cur/thufit at tnjingulis 
ntUfiis jit Sscer fons, fron pelvis, in quo Bip- 
"muf mini^Tttur^ rittqae decent er drmunde 

r have now given what Teftimony I 
ild find in our Engtifb Authors, to prove 
conftant PraQice of Immerfion from 
time the Britam and Saxans were 
•tized, till King '[f^wes's Days, when the 
tple grew peevifh with all Ancient Ce- 
_ lonies, and through the love of No- 
vdty, and the Nicenefs of Parents, and 
the pretence of Moderty, they laidafide 
Immerfion, which never was abrogated by 
any Canon, but is ftill recommended by the 
prefent Rubnck of our Church, which or- 
ders the Child to be dipt difcreetly and 

I havebeencreedibly informed by a Per- 
fon of Quality, who had the Relation from 
Mrs. ^Arfti', an Ancient Midwife, that Sir 
fUkry J^ff-A, in King Charles Ts Days, 
F 2 caufed 


Of Cold Baths. 

catifed three of his Sons to be dipped in the 

Font without any prejudice to them; andj 

that one of that Honourable Family, who 

was thus baptized, is now Uving. I men- 

" tion this, to fhew the Opinion of Tome in 

' thofe Days, who thought that Immerfion 

, Innocent ; and 'tis probable that many 

. others were very unwilling to part with 

this laudable and ancient Fraftice of Im- 

I mernon. 

I could not but obferve thefe prudent 
Cautions ufed by the prim itiveChurLh in the i 
Ceremonies of Dipping. 

1. The times of Baptifm were appoint- 
ed at Esjler and Whitjuntide in the Wefierit 
Churches; which, though it was a reli- 
gious Praftice in rcfpeft to the Death andi 
Refurreftion of our Saviour, and the fend-l 
ing of the Holy Glioft at thofe limes; yet! 
thefe times might be accounted more fafe 
for the Immerfion than the Winter; but^ 
the Immerfion was alfo ufed at all times ofi 
the Year, when tliis Praftice began to bel 
djfufed ; and in die Eafiern Church theyi 
baptized at Efifhanyy the time of our Sa-ij 
viour's Baptifm. ii 

2. The Ancient Church ufed Faftin^ 
before Baptifm till Evening; but this was 
at laft changed into a Morning Baptifm }i 
farting or being empty makes the Cold Im-i 
nierfion kfs dangerous, as in Cold Baths, 

J. The Ancients anointed the Child*s 
Breaft and Shoulders all over before the 
Immerfion, and fuch Un£lion was alfo 
^pra£lifed in Cold Baths. 
I By the time of the Year, theFaftingand 
bnftion, 'tis evident, that the Church 
■udently confultcd with our Phyfical Ex- 
[erience in theCircumltances of Immerfion. 
nd fince Cold Baths were frequently ufed 
Aaguftush Days, (and the following 
Emperors, till Gi/e«'s time, and after) as 
'E{)pears by Sueiomm in the Life of Augufius .- 
ind Cdfas often mentions it as well as 
tlelius AureltuMUi ; and Galen in his Traft 
the Prefervation of Health, has giver^ 
1 Direftions concerning the Ufe and Be- 
fit of it; all which I have quoted in my 
^Trearife, Of the Right Vfe a»J Jbufe of 
Baths: *Tis no wonder that all Chriftians 
then freely ufcd Trine Immerfion, which 
She general Praftice of Phyfick had then 
ittught the World to be both fafe and iife- 
|bl ; and when Chriftianity was firft plant- 
"", the Bath Struftures were turned into 
femples, and the Pifcina\ or Cold Baths, 
iTere called Baptijierid by P/i/ij Junior, and 
a tbem they baptized frequently. 
I will next undertake to prove. Thai 
^he Ufe of Immerfion had a Natural as well 
as a Divine Virtue, which was the pre- 
veming of Hereditary Difeafes, and curing 
"~ F j fome 

j64 Of Cdd Baths. 


fome Infirmities in Infants. I cannot (iip 

. pofe that any Body will afTcrt that the Con- 

[ deration does alter the Nature of the Wa- 

L tcr, but rather improves its natural Effe^s; 

[therefore whofcever is immerfed, jnull 

I fartake of all the natural Benefits whicli 

.are produced by being dipped in Cql(l 


^V But before I give the natural Effcfts of 

Coy Water, 1 murt remark, That ihp 

Church Hiflorians" attribute many Cures to 

a miraculous Power, as Ntamd» was cureij 

-by his being dipped feven times in JorJaa, 

■'and the Cripples in tiie Pool of hetbeJ44. 

,Thefe I have mentioned to fliew, that 

miraculous Cures were done by the u(e qf 

"Water in the '^em{h days; and fome are 

^lentioned by tlie Chriftian Hiftories^ 

Cofi/laxthe was cured of his Leprofy by hU 

^aptifm, in the Pond he faw in his Vifioi|, 

^1 \^hich Pope Sjl%iejhr afterwards dipped 

hinp. The f<nne Story is reporie^ 

-««»4S9. 0^ CLodo^vem by Gregory Taromnfif 

,at his Bapiifm, that he was alfo cured ^ 

^ Leprofy, Prodit novm Covjl^iinm ad /(T; 

V-iitura Aiktu^ui Isfr^ -veterii morifMtjf^ 

Greg. Tiiion. l:b. a. It was thcCuitom qj 

tlie Church to keep the Water in the Fool 

l;9cf>'^tl up, to preferve it from fiipcrdiEii 

oit„ Uies, whith were probably grounda^ 

9^, ,f,I}e ^ur^ oMcryed tp be dpfie by ttjji 

joJt Immer^ 

Of Cold Baths. 

Uraerfion in Baptifm; and this might oc- 
fome fuperftitious Ufcs of k in 
tiring Difeafes. It has been a proverbial 
laying amongft the old People, That tf my 
t complAtned of 4ny ?*in in thttr Limbs^ 
^tlj thai LirrA had never hten di'pp'ed ia 
f Font-, by which we mayobferve, that 
E Cofnfnon People believed that the Iti^- 
1 prevented Rhciimatick I'ains, ftp 
hich Cold Baths is very beneficial . 
. 'Tis very probable that the "jeivflb Pro, 
facts and Prielh, had a great knoU'Ifedge 
1 Phyfick, as well as the Divine RiteS j 
hey were Judges of the Lcprofy, and its 
Cure, and tlie feveral Specie? of it. In that 
Ot Country, this Difeafe being common, 
bey muft obferve all the Methods which 
iJtperience, or the Holy Spirit Had fuggeft- 
1 for the Cure of it. By the Miracles 
|5ove cited, we find a Divine Preftriptioh 
> the Ule of Immerfion; and by the 
dden Cures, 'tis certain the natural meails 
r Dipping was much invigorated By a 
^eroatural Virtnc to cure the Leprous, 
Irthecleanfingofthc Leprofy they wafh- 
Ibis Body as well as his Cloths; and in 
lat low degree of Leprofy in oui' Nor- 
B Climate, which we call LepnGri- 
w^ I have known the Cold Bath at 
WiRottkridge to have done ifluch good, 
^mjfor the Scurvy, Swimming in Rivers 
P 4 '* 


66 Of Cold Baths. Parti- 

is oft prefcribed ; and our Country has 
found by Experience, that the Cold Water 
in Sutton-Park cures all Scabious Affcd- 
ions, which have a like Nature as the Le- 

As Phyficians have learned the beft 
means to prevent and cure the Leprofy by 
the miraculous Cures of it ; fo ought all 
Perlbns, in whofe Family any Leprous Af- 
feSions are hereditary, to confider both 
the Miracles mentioned, and the natural 
Means ufed by Phyficians for the help- 
ing that Difeafe. And thus to argue, 'tis 
a Rule in Phyfick, That what will cure a 
Difeafe, will moft effedually prevent it ; 
therefore all the Children of Leprous Pa- 
rents do want the Trine Immerfion in Bap- 
tifm, which will in their tender Age cor- 
rect the putrid Odor of Leprous Bodies, 
^nd caufe a better Perfpiration of it. It 
caufes Evacuations by Stool, Urine, Sweat; 
qnd thofe may difcharge much of the putrid 
Humours, which they derived from their 
Parents : And I muft add this farther Dire- 
ftion, that fuch Parents ought to breed up 
theirChildren to drink Water, and to ab-, 
ftain from fermented Liquors, and Flefh ; 
becaufe thefe promote the PutrefaSionin ■ 
Leprous Bodies, and by a frequent ufe of[| 
Cold Baths, the increafe of that Difeaftft 
will bs very much hindred. 


Of Cold Baths. 

The miraculous Cures at the Fool of 
^thefda^ Dr. Hammond conie£tures to be 
'om fome natural Virtue the Water acqui- 
wd from the Blood of the Sacrifices, which 
D great quantity was mixed with that Wa- 
^r, upongreatFeftivalsi that blocdy Wa- 

K r might cure the Leprofy, for which a 

l^thcH Humane Blood is commended by 
[he Ancients. 'Tis probable it was only 
fat Vulgar Opinion, That an Angel moved 
he Water, when the putrid Blood did fer- 
nenC, or rather fome Mineral Fumes af- 
Koded with the Spring in a narrow cora- 
pafs. And fuch hot Places of fmall Extent, 
^e find in our Batlis, where one only Per- 
|bn can fland to receive the benefit of it. 
^t the Fool of BethefdA was certainly 
Cold Water, becaufe 'tis called the Sbeep- 
^ool, for wafhing them before the Sacrifice; 
^nd therefore had its Virtue from the Blood 
which putrified in fome certain part of it, 
1^ rather from Mineral Fumes, and that 
pired the Blind, Lame, and Withered, (or 
iEonfumptive) which lay in the Hofpital 
xalled Beihe/da, expeiSing the Ebullition, 
or moving of the Waters, which made 
them Sanative in an extraordinary manner. 
By this Inftaace we may obferve how rea- 
dy all Ferfons are to admire and ufe Sana- 
tive Waters for the Health of their infirm 
Bodies: Imputing their Virtue to fome 



Of Cold Baths. 

God, or efteeming fuch ufeful Medicines, 

as ^wc %«pes. 

I wil! next from the Sacred Hiftory give 
fome Examples to (hew, that the Ablution 
in CoJd Water was ufed by Divine Men, to 
prepare them for Divine OiHces, and to 
difpofe them for new Doftrines. TUeJetp. 
ijh Priefts wadied their whole Bodies before* 
tliey went into the Temple to officiate, an 
Imitation of which were the Wafhings and 
Luftrations of thQGtntties, 
•'■ The Jews ufed a fecond fort of Wafhlng 
of the whole Body, when they received 
Profelytes into tbeirTemple. The Profe- 
lytes born of Henihe^iijb Parents, received 
thcjeipffh Religion, not only by Circurti- 
cifion, butalfo with the Ceremony of Ab- 
hicion of the whole Body, done folemniy 
in fomeKiver, where they fat up to the 
Neck in the Water, and iearnt there fome 
Frecepcsof the Law. St. John BiptiJ} took 
tiiisCultom from thcjeirs^ and he baptized 
at Ainoo in a Confluence of much Waters, 
all tliofe who repented of their Tranfgrcffi- 
ons of the Moral Law, and believaithe 
fodden coming of the Mrjjiis. John'% Bap- 
tifm was only a Ceremony to initiate all his 
Converts into his new Dottrine ; and tliat 
Hfcethe Prieft's Ablutions had not on ty t 
natural Power for the Ablution of Corpio- 
real Inipumtes, but alQ) it prepared the 
■■'"■* . Ml '■ 


nd for Divine Illuminations and Govern- 
t, by componog the Heat and irregular 
otion of the Spirits, and all Corporeal 
eflions of Love, Anger, and all other 
:eires, which the natural Temperament 
"uces. Thofe Spirits are moft capable 
Judgment, and Wifdom, and Memory, 
which are ftrong, lively, but tranquil in 
j^^ir Motion, and it is the certain Effefl of 
e -jo^jioAuai'a to invigorate the Animal 
irits, and refrefh them, to cure that Stu- 
whichallhot Regimen produces in the 
ind ; and aifotheweaknefsofthe Nerves 
■educed by the fame. 
Cold Baths caufea ihnfe of chilnefs, and 
^c as well as the Terror and Surprize, ve- 
ry much contracts the Nervous Membrane 
Vid Tubes, in which the aerial Spirits are 
contained, and they being kept lenfe and 
Comprefled, do moll eafily communicate a!! 
External Impreflions to the fenfitive Soul • 
pot only the External Senfes are more livo^ 
ly in Cold Weather, but all our Animal 
Aftions and Reafoning are then more vig&i 
rous by the External ComprefTure of Cold 
Air ; and the fame may at any time bft 
produced by Cold Baths; But when di« 
Air is warm and wet, the CompreOion oa 
the Body being abated, a Heavincfs poffeP 
fes the Head, and all the Senfes are more 
0ee|^y anddull. And to prove that the Cura 
X> ' ■ of 


Of Cold Bath, Parti. 

of moft Infirmities of the Brain may be 
perform'd by Cold Water, I will tranfcribe 
the Words of Cetfus^ Capitmil aque frodefi 
Mtque aqua frigidd. Itaque « tai hoc wftr- 
mumejl^ per djlAtemj idheneUrgocunaliquo- 
tidie dtbet iliquando fubjicere^ femper tumen 
etiiim jf fine Halmo uaiius e/?, neque Cotum 
terpus refrigerare fuflirtet^ caput tamen /tqun 
frigidd perfandere debet. He farther obferves 
the great benefit of the frigids LavAtio^ as 
rhe calls it, to the Diftempers of the Eyes, 
fi/eque veto its folis quos capitis Imhecil/itar 
tor^utt ufus aqux frigidd prodejt, ftdiisetiam 
quos affidua iippttudtnes, gravedifies^ diflilU- 
tioneSj tonjilU male habeat^ hie noa tantum 
caput perfumdendum^ fed etiam os mult* aqu* 
frigida ptrfundendum. 

*Tis a curious Remark which Ctlfus has 
made about the Mi^ of Cold Baching, that 
it's moft ufeful in wet Weather, when all 
People are fenlible of a Heavinefs and Dul- 
nefs of their Spirits ; thefe are his Words, 
Prscipue omnibus quibus hoc ttuxilium utile 
efiy eo utendum p//, ubi gravms caelum Au- 
firi reddideruftt. I have clearly prov'd Cold 
Immerfion to be ufeful in all the Infirmities 
of the Head and Eyes: And I might add, 
That Deafnefs has been lately cured by the 
fame, in the Cold Hath at Loadon. And 
from the Cure of thefe Infirmities of the 
^aia, we may infer, That the Ceremony 

jbf Ablution of the whole Body, had a good 
natural Effcd on the Body, and prepared 
the Mind for the Reception of Divine 
JThoughts and Impreffions, by purifying 
the Animal Spirits, and compreffing their 
Irregular Motions. And fincc all Phyfici- 
ans and Moral Fhilofophers, teach us to 
reftify the natural Infirmities of the Mind 
by a fuitable Diet and Exercife, I hope you 
WiU not think this ReBexion extravagant, 
that I fay all Divine Perfons have ufed the 
Immerfion into Cold Water upon the fame 
Account, and that the Chriftian Inftitutioa 
has only improved that Ceremony, by the 
annexmg great Benefits to the Performance 
of it, 'VIZ.. The Admillion into the Churchy . 
the-Remiflion of Original Sin, and the Re-^ 
ception of the Holy Ghoft, who by aSu** 
lematural Power purifies and enlightens the; 
4ind in a greater meafure than thePowe^ 
'of the beft natural Means we have can ef-> i 

:£l, which only alters the Temperament^ 
(introduced by the Original Sin of our firfc ] 
Parents. Hippocrates imputes all Wifdomt ] 
and Folly to our Natural TemperamentSji 
which we may make better or worfe as tot I 
Wifdom or Folly, according to our good * 
or bad Regimen ; for when the naturah I 
Hear, ov globuli jangmmi prevail toomucfej 
above the natural Degree of Serum in oudi 
Humours^ the Soul becomes too quiclc^] 

— I 


Of Cold Baths. FarcT 

brecipitate, inmnftant, and furious. And 
[, be teaches us for that chis Regimen, To in^ 
oreafe the Serum by moiftening Diet, to 
;pfe only gentle Exercife after Eating, and to 
«roid all Excels of hoc Diet, which makes 
them furious ; to eac rather Herbs and Fifh, 
and to drink nothing but Water; ro uf6 
moderate Exercife in the Morning,by walk- 
ing rodifcufs hoc Humours ; and lie com- 
mends a Tepid Bath. But that a Cold Im- 
merfionaUb has a general good EfFcfl: in all 
the Infirmities of the Brain, I have fully 
proved by the Quotations from Celfus ; 
and becaufe Gold Baths ftop the Circulation ' 
of Mot Blood t» the Brain , the^ may 
therefore give a greater clearnefs to its Fa- 
eulties. The elfeit of all violent Pailit)ns' 
which difturbthe Judgment, is to carry a' 
great quantity of Blood to the Brain ; and" 
by a violent Circulation the Spirits are furi- 
oufiy agitated, which is very prejudicial 
both to Wifdom and Prudence. I have 
therefore believed that Cold Bathing is a ne- 
ceflary Regimen for the obtaining of both,' 
and not only a pure Ceremony for the Ini- 
tiation of Profelytes. 

I will nextconfider theufefulnefsofltn* 
merfion in the contrary Temperaments,- ' 
where the naturu! Heat or Spirits are but 
few, and the Serum does too much abound, 
fuch Temperaments make us Dull, Stupid, 



Foolifh, and SJow in all our Aflions and 

tenfes; for where the Circulacion of Hu- 

noursisflow, there the Animal Spirits ait 

^avily. And for thefe Tempers;, Hip^a- 

iffdies preftribes this Regipien : to ufe a 

[frying Diet, arid to Eat little;, they mufl: 

lefe violent Exerclte, and Purges of Hey/eW,, 

nd Vomits, and hot Stoves ; and by thefe 

il^ethods they will attain great Health both 

tin Body and Mind, and thereby become. 

Isftore Bribk, Wife, and Prudent. That 

I Cold Immerfion produces a Prineislnover- 

Imoiil Conftitucions, is evident by the Eva-,. 

fcuations it makes by Urine, Stools, and 
Sweats; and by a moderate degree of it,, ^ 
; produces a Heat and Ebullition in the 
'umours which may be ufeful to cold Tein- 
Taments ; but in hot Tempers we ule * 
Breater degree of Cold Immerfion, to Ru- 
pfyand congeal the over rarified Humors,. 
Ka flight continuance in hot Bachs rati-' 
pes and heats our. Blood; bur a longcCyj^ J 
life cools by Evacuations of Sweat- An(i|.l 

t (b it is in Cold Bathing, we may ufe it iri,^! 

[different degrees, and thereby producc,jI 
^ntrary Effects; a httle Cold heats, but^:^! 
1^ exceffive ftarvcs us, Moll PaiHoosVl 
fete attended with a difbrderly Motion of |1 

' the Spirits and Blood, which the Cold fni-'^J 
merfion cliccks, or alters iheir Motions ; 

^^jaCold Baths the Puhe is fmall, DoWj 


and rare, and the Spirits fuffer a fhivering 
or tremulous Motion, and a Fright or Sur- 
prize, which certainly diftrafts any im- 
prefTed Motion from the Body in its natu- 
ral Faflions, as well as the voluntary Paf- 
fions depending on cogitation. That the 
Cold Immeifion flirs up the Lethargick, 
we may obferve by its EfFefts on a Drunk- 
en Man, who by a fudden Immerfion into 
Cold Water, does prefently become Sober, 
and makes great quantity of Water. We 
fprinkle Cold Water upon fainting Perfons, 
which excites their Spirits to return into 
the Senfes ; but a great Terror and Surprize 
happens upon an ImmerOon, and that ex- 
cites the drowfy Spirits to contraft all their 
Tubes and membranous Veflels, by which 
all Senfation is made more lively, and all" 
Actions of the Body more ftrong, and the ' 
(hipid Mind is powerfully excited. ' 

If we reBeft on the vicious Regimen of 
Men of this Age, whoaddift themfelvesto ' 
too much Tobacco, Strong Ale, or Wines, 
or ftrong Waters; to Salt, and high Sau- 
ces, and Gravies; to a conftant Diet of 
raw roafted Flefh-meat, fermented Bread, 
and fermented Liquors, (without any fuch 
Intermiffion as the Church advifes in Lent ' 
and Fafting-davs) we may truly difcern the 
occafion, or fifft Original of the Difeales ' 
moft frequent r^mongus, which depend on ' 

part I. Of Cold Baths. 


|BIood too much heated, fait or inf[>ifrat*, 
, or theSpiritsover rarified : Such is the. 
bnvulfions, Scurvey, Apoplexy, Deliria,, 
^fclancholies, Hypochondriacifm, Cancers.- 
I If wealfo confider the vicious Diet or 
Lgimen of Women, who are taught tO; 
B-Jnk not only Strong Wines and Hot Li- . 
pors, but all forts of fugared -and fpiced 
jquors. Chocolate, Coffee, Tea, from 
(eirVourh; they are ofc ufed to Strong 
Oths, High Sauces and Picltles, Oyfters, 
ichovies, Herrings, Mufhrooms, Strong 
Etagcs, and Meat full of Raw Blood j 
ijjefe Errors in Diet produce all the Female 
Fluxes, Scurfs, Leprofies, Confumptions,: 
Hyfterick Diforders, Cancers, Decay of 
Appetite, and fpecdy Old Age. What 
Children are produced from Perfons, who 
have thus by an ill management corrupted 
their Blood and Spirits, muft certainly in- 
herit the Difeafes of their Parents, and af^ 
ter, ifbredupin the vicious way of Liv- 
ing, they will ftill increafe the Propagation 
ofthe fame Difeafes, which are very much 
heightned in their Virulency by the conti- 
nuance ofthe fame ill Regimen for two or 
three Generations, 'Tis certain that ner- 
vous Difeafes are of all moft Hereditary. 
And I have heard fome complain, That 
Fits of the Mother, Hyjiocfaondriacifm^ 
G : ^Con- 

Of Cold Baths. 

Convulfions, and Apoplexies, are now- 

I more frequent than in former Ages; and' 

I thefe cannot be imputed to any thing niore^ 

I than the ill Reginren in Hot Diet, want o^ 

y Exercife, and the vehement Paflions of the*- 

t Fetnale Sex, as well as the Efteminacy of 

[ the Virile. That tlieft Difeales may be- 

t much prevented by the Trine Immerfiofr 

' will be made V-ei-y probable, fince theyj 

■ may be much relieved, palliated, or cure* 

. by Cold Bathing. I will firft defcrib^ 

', the general Benefits of it which Infantj 

i have hereby, who are Born of Parents thai 

' have injured their own Healths by a hoi 

I Kegimen. Such Infants, like their Parents^ 

. have a foft flaccid Flefh, and porous Skin.! 

The Cold Immerfion hardens their FlefHj? 

and contrafts the Skinj and maltes it ih» 

fenfible of all the Changes of Weathci^ 

Such Infants have weak Limbs, and a ftttj 

pidity of their Minds: The Cold Immerfill 

on win ftrengthen ilie Limbs and clear th< 

Head, and excite the fenfitive Soul to afl 

more vigoroufly. No Diftemper is moH 

frequent in Infants than the Rickets ; arw 

fince 'tis certainly known that Cold Bl 

thing will cure them, as I fhall hereaftd 

prove, we may clearly infer from thend 

that the Immerfion in Baptifm would prtf 

bably prevent that Diftemper, which feizr* 

Infants from the ninth Month to a Yi 

Part I. Of Cold Baths. 


and a half- Since the Rickets is efteetned 
a new Difcafe, I thought fit toconfidcr 
its Original in our Country, and I find that 
this Diftemper is reputed to have commen- 
ced near the time when the trine Immer- 
fion began to be difufed in our Church. Wc 
have this Account of the Origin of the 
Rickets in Dr. G/z/Jos's Book concerning 
them. The Rickets were firft known id 
theWeii o( Etiginffdy in the Countries of 
Derjet and Somerfetj about thirty Years 
before the Writing of his Book ; and the Se- 
cond Edition of it was printed 1650. but 
the firft fome time before. 

The Rickets therefore appeared firft: 
about the Year 1O20. and afterwards tra- 
velled into ail Parts of the Kingdom, and it 
was more rare in tlic Northern Countries^ 
where they commonly cured it by Bathing 
ia St. Mango's Well. 

I have proved the continuance of thelra- 
toerfion, till after Queen Elizabeth's 
Ebys ; therefore by the difufe of it, '*''' 
tb^ rife of the Rickets was much promo* 
ted: For fince Cold Baths are the bcft Cure, 
the Immcrfion would have been the beft 
Pi-efervative againft them. Therefore what- 
ever might be the firft Caufe of the Rickets, 
whether the neighbouring hot Baths, or 
aaExcefs of the Ufc of them by its Bor- 
derers, or any Intemperance in Diet, I may 
G a cet* 


Of Cold Baths. Part I. 

certainly conclude, that the difufe of the 

I Trine Immerfion very much helped its 

' fpreading all over the Kingdom of E^g* 

: iand. 

1 will proceed farther to give the Effefts 

* of Immerfion in other Dlfeafes, to which 

- Infants are fubjeft. 

Infants are fubjeft to the Stone, and much 

I fabulous Matter is fettled in their Urinary 

t .Paflages during their ftay in the Womb j 

for which reafon, Children are oft Borfl' 

Vith the Stone.'Tis certainly known that by 

Immerfion into the Water the Suppreflioit 

of Urine may be cured ; therefore the Trjnt 

Immerfion does very much cleanfc the Uri^ 

nary Paffages, by occafioning great Quan« 

titles of Water. ^ 

Children are much troubled with Grlpe^ 

if much bound, but the Cold Immerfioql 

caufes the purging of the Black />(pj,whicli 

caufe the Gripes in Infants. 

Children are fubjefl: to Pimples and Scabs 

in the Skin, Inflammations and ExcoriatU 

ons of it ; the Immerfion not only clears 

the Skin by Ablution of the fame tromthc 

Salt Humour in which it fwam in thi 

Womb; but that alfo produces Sweat, an^ 

tranfpires the Acid Salt Serum, which coj 

rodes and inflames tlie Skin. 

The New-born Children are fubjeft tb 

Inilammations of the Mouth, Navel, an4 

V-' •' ^"-- ■:■ -v--'- 
-Tea c > 


of the Ears ; Coughs, Vomits, want of 
leep, Frighrs, and Convulfions, &e. Moil 
' tfiefe Difeafes depend on a fharp Serum, 
hich being evacuated by Urine, Stool, 
Sweats, which are occafion^d by their Im- 
merfion into cold Water ; thofe Difeafes 
will alfo be prevented by the fame : Which 
'Ifocontraclsthenervous FibrilUyinA there- 
(Irengthens all Parts againft any Defluxi- 
of Humours. 

I have mentioned the Childrens Difeafes 
hich the Baptifmal Immerfion will pre- 
I, and I think it probable that it may 
ify the rfJuU flamwn of the folid Farts, 
id the ill Effervefcency of the Fluids, by 
" ich hereditary Difeafes will in timeap- 
,r. The Immerfion contrafts all the fo- 
Parts, and therefore ftrengthens not only 
le Limbs, but the Glandules; of which' 
ture, the Liver, Spleen, Kidneys, and 
Brain are, who all receive a better Tone 
thereby; all the hot Blood and Spirits, and 
their Veflels are comprefled, and the Child 
becomes hardy, brisk, and aflive, all which 
may very much prevent the growth ot He- 
reditary Difeafes; fucharetheGout, Stone, 
Afthnia, Convulfions, Melancholies, and 
other De/rrM, Palfies, Apoplexies, Blind- 
nefs, Deafnefs, Confumptions, Rheuma- 
tick-pains, and King's Evil. And fince 
Cold Baths are great helps in curing of thefe 

G ? 



Of Cold Baths. Parti. 

Difeafes, the Trine Immerfion may con- 
duce very much to prevent the fame. 

I hope you will pardon me, my Reve- 
rend Patrons, for intermixing Phyfical and 
Spiritual Things. I have made the Immer- 
fion almoftan Univerfal Remedy for our 
infirm Bpdies, as well as a miraculous Pu- 
rifier and Cleanfer of the Soul by its fuper*. 
natural Virtue. 

The frequent Confideration of this Sub- 
jeft hath afforded me thefe following Refle- 
ctions, That all Divine Inftitutions have 
fuch large and difFufive Virtue, as to reme- 
dy theDiforders both of Body and Mind; 
fo the Obfervation of Fafting-da>s in the 
Church preferves the Health of the Body, 
and prepares the Mind for Divine Medita- 
tions. Our Saviour firfl: cured the Difeafes 
of our Bodies, that thereby he might con- 
vince the Infidel Jem of his being the Mef. 
fias, and thereby fave their Souls. 

The Second Reflexion I made, was,That 
the Church of Hwg/iiW continued the Ufeof 
Immerfion longer tlian any other Chriftian 
Church in the M^/y?fr» Parts of the World; 
for the E^y/er^ Churches yet ufe it; an4 
our Church ftill recommends the Dipping 
of Infants in her Kubrick ; to which I ber 
lieve the ENglifj will at Jaft return, when 
fhyficb has given them a clear proof by 

. divers ExperimeiKs, thit Cold Baths are 

The laft Refleftion I made, was, Th»t 

jihey did great Injury to their own Chil- 

drea, and all Pofterity, who firlt introduced 

the Alteration of this truly Ancient Cerc^ 

monyof Immerfion, and were theoccafioa 

of a degenerate, fickly, tender Race, ever 

fince. But this difufe is no way imputable 

I to the Church, but to the perverfe Humour 

|«nd Prejudice of tlie People, who would 

Ij-ather have no Baptifm, than not have it 

I according to the new Mode of the laft Cen- 

) tury. 

Before I conclude, I ought gratefully to 

lacknowledge the Ufc of (bme of your Books, 

l| borrowed, relating to this Subjeft, as well 

I as the kind Incouragement and Afliftance ia 

the building of my Cold Bath. All the Re- 

fpefts I can return, is to chufc you Patrons 

for this Eflay, concerning the old Ceremony 

of Immerfion ; and I thought nonefo fit as 

the Governours of our Church, who by 

their Eminent Piety and Learning are the 

great Ornaments of it, I beg your Acep. 

tance of this fmall Prefent I make you, 

and defire it may be a Teftimony of my 

great Efteem for the Primitive Conftitu- 

tion of the Englifb Church. And that I 

might hereby exprefs my Defign of do? 

jfig good, both to the Bodies and Soul$ 

G 4 9f 

II " ■' I' . ■ ■ . ' i C". i . 

8a Of Cold Baths. Part I; 

of Mankind; I have exceeded^ I know, 
the Bounds of my Profeffion, and if I have 
any waydeferved yourCcnfure in treat- 
ing of thefe Eccledaftical Affairs, I beg all 
*your Pardons for niy Miftakes and Errors, 
which I hope yop will freely grapt tp mc, 
-who am, 

My moH Reverend Patrons^ 


Tour moft Obliged 

ptcbfietti, Ocam^ 

4fid Humbh S^rvjfit^ 


. !■>■ . r t t J I •——-»■■■ ■ p «»iWr»«W»'M»»»»i"»T«»l •• ■! I • I ■ "^*»WMa*a*Vi«i«l«MB«k^MW«a 



ioncerning fome remarkable 
Cures done formerly, or 
lately performed by Cold 

Pw C4fat & fiemAchum /upporttra fatitil/ut atidtttt 
^vfinu, GabKifque pelunt & fri^iati rura. 

Horat. Epirt. xv. ad Valam. 

roaUthofe Worthy and Oblig- 
ing Gentlemen, who lave 
contributed towards the Bre- 
wing the Cold Bath at Litch- 

PHyficians oft find it a difficult Task to 
conquer the Avei'fions of Nice Pati^ 
Cnts, and to perfuade them to ufe thofe 
Medicines to which they have not been ac^ 
cuftomed, until they have firft convinced 
them, that their Medicines are both fafe 
and neceflary. I expeft to find the fam^ 
A verfion to Cold Bathing. I will therefore 


Of Cold Baths. 


take the fame Method to convince you, my 
Honoured Benefaftors and Councry-men, 
ihat Cold Baths are both fafe and uieful. 
None will deny that tliat Method of Phy-«_ 
fick is fafe, which has been long tried by 
the Ancient Phyficians; artd again, lately 
tried and well experimented by the Modern 
Dof^ors: ^ndallwill then admit that Cold 
Baths arcufeful, when I have proved that 
they are neceffiiry, both for the Freferva- 
tion of our Healths, and for the curing ma-, 
ny confiderable Difeafes. 

The Antiquity of Cold Baths is fully 
proved by what I have obferved from Hip- 
^(W«rf A Writings and from thence I ii>- 
fer". That Cold Baths are as Ancient as the 
Hot Bath's. And when I have hereafter 
given G<*/m"s pireflions for -tbe fame, ic 
■wilt appear that Cold Baclis lalted. longer 
than tlw GrecUm Monarchy, and that the 
Grecians had that Praftice from the Stjthu 
<»j, and Mgyptims, as well as all other parts 
of Phyfick,^ which they improved, and 
communicated to thzRomms, And that 
t^iey commonly ufed the Cold Immernon, 
appears fufficientiy by the Tcftiraony of 
Cdfus and Horace ; and the Cure of Auga* 
fiasy related by Suetonius -^ and by what 
Seneca writes of his own Practice. And 
P//«y largely defcribes the Cold Bathing in 
Iiijl tioK. CnUaj AureliMus gives us the 

:a£i'ic& o( SoranaSy who in many Diftcm- 

rs, as the Afthma, ^c. prercribes the 

icftraiafiaj and be Uved about Trajaa^s 

ic. But Gale» many Years after, and 

praftifed at Rotne, as well as among 

e GrtciaMSy who alfo was well verfed in 

Art of Cold Bathing, and prefcribed 

lany Cautions about it. After liim JEgi- 

is, jEtius quoted what he wrote, and 

•efcribed Cold Baths for the preferving 

f Health, and the curing of many Difea- 

s. To all thcfe I muft add what we have 

J an uninterrupted Practice ufed, both at 

aoijiveii^ St. Alungd'Sy iViHowhrUge^ Roo- 

^en-mliy and many other Cold Springs in 

IxgUttd. If we had not thefe Pra£tices 

1 the Romam^ we may be fuppofed to 

: learnt them by our own Country Ex- 

erience; for Nature feems to have taught 

H Nations the Ufe of Cold Water, where 

he Art of Phyfick has never been yet 

^nown ; as in Tartary^ Mufcovy^ and 

•mong the Indians; fo that we may efteem 

'"le Uie of Cold, as well as hot Baths, to 

5 from the Diftates of our Natural Rea- 

1 and Senfes, whereby we are taught to 

at our felves by Fire, and cool our over- 

leated Bodies by Water. Cold Baths were 

'■older than ////•/'oerri^fj's Art, not the pro- 

duft of any Hypothefes, but eftablifhed by 

the Experience of all Mankind la the colder 

"Climates. The 


Of Cold Baths. Parti, 

The Author /ffhe Emhajfjfrom Mufcovy* 
to China, gives us an Account how thV 
Tcur/f^aefes, a Tartarian People, hardea 
themfelves againfl: extream Cold of their 
Air; as foon as their Children are Born,' 
they in the Summer-time put them intrf 
Water, and in the Winter lay them in 
Snow to harden their Skins. Sir John Chsr^ 
din mentions a kind of Wafhing the Men-, 
grelians ufe to their Children in their Cel- 
lars ; and that the Romiflj Priefts only drop 
three Drops of Water on their Forehead, 
which with a mental Form of Bapcifm they 
think fufficient to make the Tartars good 
Chrirtians, Mr. Lof^e tells us, That the 
jffipj in Gerr»<t»y and VoUrtdj where the 
Air is as Cold as in E»gUnct, Bathe them- 
felves, both Men and Women, in the Win- 
ter, as well as Summer, without any pre- 
judice. And the Germans o^oXd, and the 
lri[!3 at prefent, Bathe their Children iri 
Cold Water; And that in the HighUndio^ 
Scotland, the Women Batlic their Childrert 
in Winter. By thefe IniUnces it appearsi 
that the Northern People have found Cold' 
Baths very ufeful to their Bodies. 

I might urge the Practice of the Primi- 
tive Church in the Immerfion of all Per- 
fons baptized ; but that matter being fuffi- 
ciently proved iq have la fled i(Joo Years, 
is a convincing Argument for the fafe Ufe 

Part I. Of Cold Bathu 87 

of Cold Baths, as well as for their Antiqui- 
ty. I will only add fome Modern PraQJ- 
ces of that Nature, to Hiew how clofely 
ibme Nations yet retain that Ancient Cu- 
Sir pAul RicAut gives us an Account of 

I the prefent Baptifm in the Grecian Church, 
(which extends it felf into Mufcovy^ and 
CeorgU Northwards, and into An/ttolU^ 
ThfAce^ £cc. In ILort, mofl: of the Eaftern 
Chriftians follow the Pradices of that 
Church); and he tells us. That Churcb 
holds Dipping or Plunging into Water as 
necefTary to the Form of Baptifm, as Water 
10 the Matter; for the Proof whereof he 
fays, They quote the 50th Canon, called 
ApoJioHcal-t and the 42d Chapter of the 
Apojttes Confiitutio»\ and that tlie Trine 
Immerfion was ufed as a Teft againft the 
Hereticks, who deny the Trinity. And 
Dr. Smith delcribes tlieir Font or liver one 
Foot and a half deep; and he tells us, That, I 
they Dip the Child at the mentioning of^ [ 
each Perfon in the Trinity. And he altures 
us, That they rigidly retain the Trine Ini-|l 
merfion according to the Cuftom andPra-rf 
ftice of the 6rft Ages ; but that they vaiy^ 1 
from it on fome occafions, and pour Water.j I 
on the Child's Face three times. 
lam informed, That fome of the Wetjb 
)iize by Dipping, and that their 

Of Cold Bath 

Nurfes ordinarily wafh their Chidren in 
Cold Water every Day from their Birth, 
till they are three Quarters of a Year old ; 
by which Method they preferveihem from 
the Rickets- 
Mr. Bcrewood informs us, That the Ha- 
hAJ^ARs Baptize themfelvcs every Year on 
rhe Day of the Epiphanji in their Lakes and 
Ponds, which they praftlfe as a Memorial 
of Chrifts Baptifm on that Day in Jordan^ 
And he adds, That the Mufcovites do the' 
like on the fame Day, in Memory of our 
Saviour's Baptifm. And by thefe two In- 
flances we may obferve, That the Chrifti- 
uns m Mufcovy znd Mthiofn, agree in thc" 
Immerfion in Baptifm, as well as their Me- 
morial of it, though their Climates are ve- 
ry differing; the one being extream North', 
and Cold, and the other very Hot. 

yaapjler, in his Prefent State is^^gypt, 
gives an Account of the CoptPs praftifing 
the fame Ceremony on the i6th o^^nnaarjj 
when they celebrate theFeaft of the E^i-^ 
phmy^ when after the Prayers at Night.' 
they dip themfelves in a Fond or Bafon of 
Water, which is near the Church in a 
Cliamber, three Perches fquare, but as 
deep as any Man is high ; and after thd 
Men have done, the Women dtp them-' 

Of Cold Baths. 



Dr. Giits Fletcher gives an Account of 

the Rujfiiins Baptifm, That the Prieft ftand- 

cth ready in the Church-Porch with a Tub 

ofWater by him ; and after certain Pray- 

«rs, heplungeth t!ie Child thrice over Head 

and Ears; for this they hold to be a Point 

meceflary, that no part of the Child be uni 

dipped in the Water, if the Child be Sick 

or Weak, efpecially in the Winter-tiftic^ 

they ufe to make the Water lukewarmi 

Sit Purchas Pilgrims. He further tells ti^ 

That on the Twelih day, the River at Mof- 

to is made Holy ; and after the Women dip 

iQ it their Children over Head and Ears, 

and both Men and Women leap into it; 

feme naked, and others with their Cloaths 

on; and this Water they give to their Sick 

to Drink. They ufe Bath-Stoves to Cure 

their Difeafes ott in a Week, and when 

they come out of them fweating, they leap 

into the River naked, or elfe pour Colo 

Water all over their Bodies, and that iQ ij 

t the coldeft time of the Winter See PuN 

^L chas. 

^V I think it ncceflary here to Anfu'er an 
P^ Objeftion, which thofe of this Age may 
make, viz.. That if this was an Ancient 
and fiife PraQife, how came it to be fo 
totan? forgot and negtefted till now ? To 
whicn I may readily anfwer, that not 
only the Praftife of Cold Baths, buE the 

Ufe o4the hot Ones were totally fubvert- 
ed by wq Inundations of many Barbarous 
Nations into thefe IVefierK Vans of Europe^ 
who not only dcftroyed all Books, and 
learned Arts of Phyfick, but rendred the 
Language in which they were writ unin- 
telligible ; not only Phyfick,- but Poetry, 
painting, Law, Divinity, were almoft 
joft: in the barbarous Ages fucceeding the 
bevaftation of thefe Barbarians; Igno- 
rance over-fpread all Places and Arts; and 
of late Years our Phyfick has been tranfla- 
ted from the JralfUns. And fincc Inquifi- 
tive Men have got the Books and Langua- 
ges^ in which they were writ, many of 
the old Opimomqf Hippocrates are received 
and pafs for new Inventions, becaufe more 
clearly proved, or farther explained by the 
Modern Writers. Hippocrates aflerts, 
That the Subftanee of the Brain was glanr 
dulous, which the Moderns have defcribed 
more exaftly by the help of their Glaffes: 
he believed the Heart to be muftular, and 
the new Anatomifts have now clearly de- 
fcrihed the fevera! Mufcles, and the Fibres. 
He afferted, That the Air was contained 
in the Animal Humours; which the Mo- 
derns have fully demonftrated by the Air- 
pamp. Thi', ingenious Age has not only 
revived fi i> Opinions, but alfo many old 
Prafliees, fucli are the piofule Bleedings, 

Of Cold Baths. 

ad dnimi deliquium^ in great Inflammations* 
" fae extream Purges in Dropfies, the Helle- 
orifms in Madnefs, frequent Cuppings 
pd Scart6yings inilcad of Bleeding ; 
Urning with Moxa inftead of that ufed by 
pppocmtes, by Flax, or Cotton, or Mulh- 
And among thefe old PraSices I 
j^ud not omit, that this does endeavour to 
ivive Cold Baths ; and how far the Cold 
[faters have proceeded in that Affair, may 
ftcollefted from my Account oi Hippoera- 
'/s Opinion concerning them. The Ac- 
ttnt of Cold Bathing, I fhall more par- 
Blarly confider hereafter. 
' Since the Metiiods of Cold Bathing were 
well known to the Ancient Phyficians, all 
I pretend to in this Eflay, is to recommend 
what they have done, and to take otFany 
prejudice which the Moderns entertain 
againft that Praftice. And for Method- 
fake, I will divide the Cold Baths into 
thefe Three Kinds, and difcourfe of each* 

1. T(&e Water of Rivers which is irtfolated 
or Tepid bf the Heat of the Sun. 

2. Common Water moderately Cold^ with 
nihich ipe fVd/h either the whole Body^ or th« 
fiveral Parti of it 

3. Extream Cold Spriags impregnated with 
fuse Cold Mineral, ftich as the Stypticity 

. «i Well'Waters ; fame Particles of Lend, of 
' H %/> 

91 Of Cold Baths. Part 1.- 

etfe Water ^ in which the Jir is extreanfly con^" 
den fed ; all which are very Cold to the Touch. 

I. The Benefit of Bathing in Rivers is 
very great, and this is chiefly praftifed by 
young Men and Boys. All Creatures be- 
fides Men being difturbed by theSummer^s 
Heat, go into Rivers and Ponds to cool 
them. Mercurialis bathed himfelf in the 
River Arnus at Fifa^ and thereby cured 
himfelf of the Stone in the Kidneys ; and he 
advifes the Nephritick to place their Backs 
againft the Stream of the River. And he 
gives this Advice concerning this lort of 
Bathing, where the Blood is hot,- and the 
Kidneys burn, and any trouble happens in 
making Water, where the Skin is dry, or 
deformed by Scurf, Itch, Puftules, to ufe 
frequent Bathing in Rivers. 

It was accounted an opprobrious thing 

among the Rcn?ans, ncc natare nee literss 

fcire: And our Saviour fent the Blind Man 

to Wafli in the Pool of Shiloj which was a 

Common Bathing-place. 

The gcneial Hffecls which Experience 
' affures us that it produces, arc to cool in the 
Dog'days to cleanfe and moillen the Skin ; 
it cures Thirll, caufcs Sleep, produces much 
Urine, prevents Fevers, and feeds thin Bo- 
dies, and creates them an Appetite, and 
helps their Digeftion ; but its neceflary to 


Parti. Of Cold Baths. 93 

obferve thefe Cautions to prevent tlie Inju- 
ries which may happen by it. 

f. Not to Bithe in Rivers immediately af- 
ter Entifig, nor after Drinktr^ ft'ofg Li^uors^ 
nor after ^r eat Exercife. 

a. Not to jlaj in too long^ not above an 
Hour, or fo long m to be over-chilled hj it. 

2. I fhall next Difcourfe of Common 
Water, and its Ufein Bathingj orWafhing 
the feveral Parts of the Body ; and this is 
like the Perfufions ufed of old to thewhole, 
OT feme part. 

Celfua advifes the wafhing of the Head 
with Cold Water, to prevent Rheums^ 
Pains of that part, and of the Eyes. I 
find this Pra£tice ftill continued among ma- 
ny wife Men ; they Shave their Heads eve- 
ry Week, and wadi it every Morning with 
Cojd Water, which hardens the Skin, and 
cools the Brain, whereby the Flux of too 
much Blood into it is prevented, and that 
coldnefs of the Head renders it fitter for ail 
Rational Thoughts, and the Animal Spirits 
being comprefled, are more lively, fpringy, 
and fitter for Motion. Every Parent wilhes 
his Child may be bred up to a great degree 
of hardinefs. The belt Methods to attain 
I that, is the Immerfion at firft into Cold Wa- 
L tsr in Bapcifm : and afterwards to ufe the 
kK H 2 Me^ 


Of Odd Bath. 

Method of Wafhing their Children in Cold 
Waterevery Morning and Night, 'till their 
Children are three Quarters old ; for hy this 
the M^e/f A Women ufe to prevent the Rickets 
in their Children ; and 'tis a common faying 
among their Nurfes, Thar no Child has the 
Rickets unless he has t dirty Slut j or his Nurft, 

This Method is ufed in this Country, by 
an Honourable Fiimily, of Wafhing their 
Children all over, but they ufe MUk and 
Water cold. 

It wastheCuftom for the 7«*'j(for which 
fee Ezek/el, Chap. xvi. Verfe the 4th) and 
, of all JJia befidcs, to Wa(h the New-born 
Children in Salt and Water, to make the 
Skin hard anddenfe; for which end Galen 
advifes to fprinkie Salt al! over the Infant. 
See his Book for Prejervatioa of Health. 

Mr. Lock in his Ingenious Book of Edu-* 
cation, advifes us to Wa fli the young Pupil's- 
Feet in Cold Water every Day, to rendei'l 
him able to bear the Injuries of wet Wqa-* 
ther better. He advifes us to begin in the 
Spring with Lukewarm Water, and fo cold- 
er and colder every time, and to continue 
this Winter and Summer : And for the ea« 
couraging this Method, he tells us, That 
he knew this ufed every Night in the Win^i' 
ler, tho' the Ice covered the Water, 
Child bathed his Hands and Feet in 
s Cuftom 

i began 1 

^as veryij 
puling r 

'artl. UfCold Baths, 


puling and tender. This Bathing of the 
Feet may beas falely done, astheWafhing 
of the Face and Handsevcry Day : N^othing 
makes any difference betwixt them, but 
Cuftom ; and if Changes be made by in- 
fenfible Degrees, wc may bring our Feet 
and Head to bear the fame Lotions, as the 
Face and Hands, without either Fain or 

" He that confiders the Nfature of Perfp'i- 
ation will believe the Morning the moft 
lonvenienr time for thcfe Affufions of Cold 
Vater, forthen thePerrpIrationof thcBo- 
By is fully finifh'd, and the Body is become 
npty of all hot Particles, produced by 
le Fermentation of the Chyle and the Ef- 
Tvefccnces of the Blood. 
The way to prepare our Body for Cold 
ths, if very tender, is to wafh it all over 
warm Water firrt about the Spring-time 
in Mdy, and fo every Morning ufc cooler 
tin it can bear the Scnfe of very Cold Wa- 
ter ; But I have known many tender Per- 
is to have ufed the Coldell Baths immedi- 
:ly without any Danger ; but they ought 
It to ftay in them at firft trial, but only to 
Immerfe, and immediately get out again. 

I will next defcribc fome particular Ufes 
of Cold Water, and after give thofe Me- 
thods which are prcfcribed to preferve our 
Health by Cold Baths. 

H ? The 


96 Of Cold Baths. Parti. 

The Ufe of common Cold Water is well 
known to the Farriers, who have a Me- 
thod t)f curing foundered Horfesby it thus. 

Take a founder'd Horfe within forty four 
Hours after his being foundered, Ride him 
till he Foam and Sweat much, then Ride 
him into the Watqr to the Saddle-skirts, 
keep him there for an Hour, then Gallop 
him to the Stable, tye him to the Rack, 
and let him not Eat for four Hours, Drefs 
him, Litter him, and put Blankets on him 
to Sweat, and cool him by degrees. . 

I have alfo been informed. That the way 
of Sweating by Cold Water, is fometimes 
praflifed by our Country Gentlemen, who 
love Horfe- Races, to abate the Weight of 
the Rider by Sweating. Dip the Rider^is 
Shirt in Cold Water ; and after i^t is put on 
very Wet, lap the Perfon in warm Blankets 
to Sweat him violently, and he will aft6r 
lofe a confiderable weight, a Pound or two. 

I have met with this Method to flop 
Bleeding, and to prevent Fevers upon 
Wounds : Put tHfe Limb hurt into a Pail of 
Water, and hold it there till the Blood be 
ftopt, and the Part return to its natural Co- 
lour, cover the Wound with the Skin of an 
Egg, and lap it up in a Cloth for nine Days ; 
andif a Fever happen, put the fame Part 
into the Water again. It has be?n a tried 
Experiment for Women to put their Fedt 


Of Cold Baths. 

into CoM Water in tlieir Hemorriiages 
from the Womb j and to bathe rlie Anitf 
with Cold Water prevents the Piles. . 

Mr. Lock commends the washing of the 
Feet in Cold Water for the preventing of 

I have mention'd thefc partial Lothr/s^ to 
Ihew the fafety and general ufcfulnefs of 
Cold Baths to particular Parts. I fhall next 
tranfcribe what Methods and Direftlons 
Galen has prefcrib'd for the PreOrvationof 
y our Healths by Cold Baths, Hefdys,They 
^L'jire proper lor Perfons in perfeft Health, to 
^Kthicken the Skin, and make it infenfible of 
V^Cold Air ; 'tis proper for fleOiy Perfons, for 
^ the temperate, and thofe who ufedue Ex- 
ercife; the chief Ufe of it is in the Summer- 
time, and we muft accuftom our felves to 
it by degrees. The Benefits the healthful 
will receive by It, are t!ie incrcafe of Appe- 
tite, thequenchingof Thirft, thellrengtlv 
ningof the Digeftion, and therendringthe 
Limbs ftrong, mufculous, and lively, and 

Panders the Sltin infenfible ofall theChanges 
1^ Weather, and tiie whole Habit of the 
^dy becomes more compad and fitter for 
Exercife. On the contrary he believes Cold 
Baths injurious to thin Habits, growing 
Bodies, under Twenty, and very cold Coii- 
ftitutions, to thofe who live intemperatcly, 
and ufe no Exercife j and they are danger- 
H 4 ous 

98 Of Cold Baths. Parti. 

ous after Vcnery , Laditude, Crudities, 
Vomiting, Gripes, Loofnefs, Watching, 
and to thofe who are not accuftomed to 
them. He gives us tliefe Cautions about 
the Ufe of it, not to ufe it raOily and fud- 
denly, but ad vifes to begin tlie Ufe of it in the 
beginning of the Summer, that we may get 
a Cuftom of it before the Winter; wc muft 
chufe a calm Day, and a hot one, and the 
hotteft time of the Day, the Perfon to be 
bathed ought to be in perfect Health, and < 
in his Fourth Septennium^ and of a hve- 
ly and chearful Spirit. He orders the Body 
to be prepared in a temperate Gymnnjterium 
by plentiful and vehement Friftion, by a 
courfe Cloth, and afterwards by rubbing 
with Oyl as ufualiy, and exercifing with 
equai and quick Motion ; He may defccnd 
into the Cold Bath not by degrees, buc all 
at once by leaping into it; a Horror is 
produced by going in by degrees, and the 
Water muft not be very Hot, nor very 
Cold, at the firft time ofufing it, but cold- 
er afterwards. We may ftay in Cold Baths 
what time we can conveniently bear them: 
and in a iefs Cold Water, if we ftay long 
enough, we may liave the fame EfFeS pro- 
di:ced as is by a very Cold Water, whwe- 
in we ftay a lefs time. When any one 
comes out of the Water, he ought to be, 
v^bed with Oyl, and that by many (ill 

Of Cold Bath 

.the Skin is warm ; afterwards let him Eat 

UDore than ufualiy, and Drink according to 

Bpis Cuflom; thefe things mud be praftifcd 

■for three or four Days, and afterwards he 

may at the fame time go in after Fri£lion 

a fecond time, or ftay in much longer. He 

obferves, that we have flaid in too 

long when the Body is very pale, and it is 

Boc foon heated again by Friftion , and does 

Jfeot recover its natural Colour and Heat 

Kiereby : but we have ftaid in moderately , 

jirhen the contrary happens. See Galen /« 

Ecf Third Book of the Prefervation of Health. 

Fhis Quotation fufficiently proves Gates's 

"pinion of the ufefulnefe of Cold Baths, 

frhich I (hall farther confirm by the follow- 

* Refleftlons. 

Since our frequent Epidemical Fevers de- 
fend on the Changes of our Air, the fre- 
_ juent Rains and exceflivc Colds, we can- 
not invent any likelier Method to pre-, 
vent fuch Dlfeafes than by Cold Baths, 
which fo harden the Skin, that it becomes 
iafenfible upon the great Changes of the 
Air; the Stomach is very much ftrength- 
ned and locreafed; by which the breed- 
ing of any Cacochymia's is prevented, the 
Spirits over rarified and tumultuous in 
iheir Motions are comprefled, cooled, and 
made fitter for rational Operations; the 
Mufcles are made more ftrong, compact. 

Of Cold Baths. 

-and vigorous, in all the Exercifes we ufi^, 
whereby Health is very much preferved, 
To all thefe advantages oi Cold Baths, I 
may add, That the coldnefsof the Water 
contrafls the Nervous Fibres, and thereby, 
ftrengthens their iMotion, and hinders 
their Laxity and Evacuations of Humours, 
which would prejudice our Heahhi they 
alfo promote Urine and Perfpii'ation, as 
Sanlforim affirms, and the Menfes. If 
Cold Baths had no other Effects thsn help- 
ing our Digeftion, and making the Body' 
more vigorous in its Rxercirc, that would 
be fufficienc to prove tlieir ufet'ulnefs for 
the prefervation of our Heahhs; but 
their Eft'efts are more confiderahle 
ftrengthening the Tone of the Solid Farts, 
and preferving the Crafis and Motion of 
thi; Fluids; and its KfFeds reach the very 
Soul of the Animal, rendering it more live- 
ly and brisk in all its Operations ; and we 
preferve thereby that Di'vint farticuUm. 
«flf,e in its lull Lufter, as our Noctiluca's 
arc kept in Water. Life confifts in the 
Union ol'the Soul with the Animal Spirits, 
which are longeft preferved by a Cold Re- 
gimen, but loon diffipated by a Hot, or 
elfe made too Elaftick, Windy, and Irre- 
bblar in their Motions, by too much Heat 
i 6nd Ratifications; and this Error of the 
[Spirits is bell corrededby Cold Baching. 
N.- Ant 

Of Cold Baths 

d6 fince by the enfuing Difcourfe it win 
t evident, that Cold Baths will Cure con- 
feerable Difeafes, ! may thence infer, 
!hat the ufe of them will prevent all thofe 
it can Cure : and thereby confirm my A(^ 
fertion, that Cold Baths are neceffary for 
Jie Prefervation of our Healths. 

I might farther intimate, that Cold 
Ibaths muft have a great Effeft on the Heart 

^s well as all the other Mufcles, and that 
; ftrengrhens its Fibres, and invigorates 
s Motion, by comprefling the Animal 
jpirits which agitate its Mufcular Fibres, 
f caufing a greater Tenfion and Contra- 
5ion of the Fibers themfelves, and by exct- 
nngthe Motion of the Heart, when the 

jHumour makes an Effervcfcence after their 
ComprefTion by Cold Water: for though 

iVuring the Imerfion into it, the Pulfe (lops, 
jand the Motion of the Heart is flower; 
^et, after that, for fome time that Muf- 
t!e works fafter, and evacuates by Sweat 
Ind Urine, and the Menfes, and the whole 
Jody fcnfibly hotter. And if the Mufcles 
W the Heart become flrongcr by Cold 
Baths, then the Sanguification of the Chyle, 
and the Secretion of the old F-eces of the 
Blood, viz. the Choler, Bilis arfa, the 
Slime, Salt Semm, and the Aerial Gas, are 
better performed, on which our Health 
yet;y much depends. But I will ufe no 

more Arguments, but: only fubjoin a Let- 
ter concerning the Ufe of Cold Baching pra* 
flifed by Sir H. C. for the Prefervation <rf" 
his Health ; and this was writ by a Per- 
fbn on whole Credic I can depend. 

Mirch 4. 170?. 

Moft honoured Sir, 

ACcordin^to your deftre I here furnijh you 
with the befi Account Icaa of Sir H. C. 
$a the County of W ■ r, at remark- 

gile an hftdoce as A»y upon the Suhject you 
»re trediing on^ I mean the Advantage of Cold 

Baths. / remember I have heard the Ac- 

eount of hit Method^ and the Advantages he 
hath received bf ity from himfelf afd others, 

Me was afflt^ed with the Gout in a very 

terrible manner^ that in no very long time his 
'joints were fo knotted^ that he could fcareely 
go, «r endure any Fer/on to tread in the Room 
where he was. In /hort, he ivas reduced to 
fach a Condition, that it made even Life it 
filf A burden to him. The Method taken ivilh 
him was warm things. As J remember, he {aid, 
bis floor was covered with Bays, and he felt 
the Air fo piercing, that he durfl fcarce look 

out of the Window, but it would affeSi him' • 

When hefaw that he grew worje bj this Method^ 
he began to ufe himfelf to the Air, And to. fry 

Of Cold Baths. 


Cold tVater ; whether he was advifed to it or 
mot J I cannot tell^ but he quickly apprehended 
mme Relief. After jometime he got 4 retired 
yVUce , where there was a good Sprii^ that 
flood convenient for hinty which he fo con- 
trived as to go what Depth he pleafed in the 

Water. U quite altered the Hahit of his 

Bodj^ and dilated his Fain to that degree^ that 

often he would fay^ he was abfolutely cared. 

And thofe returns of Pain that he had^ were 

never very violent^ as I have heard-, itfeca- 

red him from the Injuries of the Airy and 

' change ofSeafons\ fitting up Uie never difor- 

l ifcrcii him : And I have been told^ thdt he fet- 

^dom or never took Cold ; it made his Stomach 

^odf and Conjlitiition strong ; and the main 

thing that he attributed all this to^ was the 

W^if of the Cold Bath. He would laugh at 

E tSofe People that thought this a rigorous and 
\anfitppor table Method. He affirm^ d^ It was. 
^ nothings a little afe would make it eafy and 
familiar ; he never declined it in the Froji and 
Snow : One cold Morning in the Chriftmas, 
/ weS remember, 1 ftiw him tn it: He would 
be very Copious in the Praifes ofit^ and fay 
That nothing gave that Vigour to the Spirits, 
and did fo fortify the Conpitution, though 
'People would not be perfwaded to it.' -He 
himfelfy I am fure, is the mofi convincing 
Evidence of it, having ufed it, jor ought I 
kmwy above thirty Tears mthfuch a va(i.SuC' 

104- Of Cold Baths. Parti. 

«//, that msf give it the mofi ddvantageous 
Charafferj ds one of the cheApefi and mofi ef- 
eSttiti Remedies to conquer the mofi tough nad 
ohfiinate Difiempers. I could have bees more 
targe in thefe Particu/arSy but I thought it beji 
to jet down rvhst you might certainl) defend 

I am. 

S I R, 
Your moft humble Servant, 


S/ R H. C. yegin his Cufiom of Cold Both. 
ifig bj Wajbtng his Feet in Cold Water in 
Hot Weathefy and afterwards be ivafbed aU 
over at aU Seajons ; he does not go to Bed after 
Bathing ; he ufually flays in the Water m long 
at he can conveniently hear it. 

J. The third and greateft Dgree of Cold 
Baths, is tliat of Springs, whofe Water 
contains an Air much comprefled by the 
coldnefsof its Terreftrial Receptacles or Ca- 
verns. That Water which which is frozea 

Of Cold Balks. 



much colder, but not fo fit tor either 

temalor Internal Ufc. 

The Coid Baths of the Romsns were 
iprings, into which they leapt, and not 
covered as feme be here; both Horace and 
SenecA mention fucli. 'Tis certain, that a 
Spring covered by a Building is much cold- 
er than the fame uncovered ; and therefore 
not fo fafe; this is evident to them who 
have tried both the one and the other at 
WtUowhUge. AU Phyfica] Praftices which 
have leart of Art, are ufually more agreea- 
ble to Nature; for wliich reafon I prefer 
the open Cold Baths at Holjwdl and Lhch- 
felJy before the covered Springs: fortho* 
in thefe there be lefs cotdnefs, yet there is 
fufficient to produce any of the fame Ef- 
fefts, if we ftay fo much the longer in thefe 
Baths5 and then we incur no danger by 
any exceflive coldnefs, neither are we over- 
chiHed by the Damps arifing from a covered 
Spring before we go into the Water. 

Of late, Cold Bathing began to revive in 
England^ as is well known ; and the Inge- 

liousPhyficians, whofe Experiments have 
given it a new Birth, and have ertablifhed 
its Credit, deferve a great Honour from all' 
of their Profeffion, as well as their Coun- 
try. For they have born the Envy and ill- 
natured Refleftions, which all Fraftices, 
which appear new to the Vulgar, occafion. 

1. To abfiilM from Flejb-meats^ sadfeed 
much on Fruits, and to drwk Wdter rather 
than aft any fermenttd Lifuon^ to eat boiled 

2. Ta cool oar Bodies hy expofing them to 
the Air^ dnd tvearing thin Clotths; to eaol- 
oar hUhitUions hy Urger Windovs and Doors ;> 
to svoidgoiag iato the Atr in the haitefi ttmes 
of the Oaji, and to Walk onlj in the Morfiiiag 
dtid Evening ■ and to tie cool at Night. To 
ufi Coid Bsths in the Summer. 

J. Our iS'atural Reafon tesches the Hot 

Countries the Vfe of Hot Tea's to promote _ 

the Sxeeats thereby the Body if cooled^ and the 

^hta yMfors raifed by excefffve hot Air are eva- 

vjittd: And for the fame Reafon all the hot , 

JluttHries ufe temper ite i^'^arm Baths to pror 

Wmte their Sireat, to cleanfe their Skin, tt»4: 

Tmoifien their dry Bodies i 

Cam Stomachus domini fervet potu^ue cibofj ■ 
I Frigidior Getieis petitur decocia pruims. 
■ Juvenal. Satyr. 5* 

The Luxury of the Hoc Climates con- 
' fills in ufing aU the Methods mentioned to 
I «a cxcefs ; they furfeit their Bodies by cat- 
i isg immoderately of Fruits and Herbs, 
I theycool their Fruits, Creams, and Wines 
to an unhealchful Temper by Ice; they 
\ fiop their Sweats unfeafonably by cold Air, 
1 by 

lo8 Of Cold Bath. ^tl 

by Fanning, Ventidufts, or Cold Baths..] 
For all thefe fnconveniences depending oo*J 
Cold in an excefs, in the Hot CountriesJ 
they ufe alfo Brandy-Spirits, Hot Tea's, I 
High Sauces, with Gariick and Strong Pot- I 
tages, whereby rhey correal the Iniuriesof I 
Cold Dict,and by their Hot Baths they pro J 
mote Perfpiration neceflary in Hot Coun-<l 
tries. m 

That the contrary Errors are committed , 
in Cold Countries will appear, by refleft* 
ing on their ufnal Regimen, which inclines 
them to the Ufe of hoc things in excefs. 

In Cold Climates the Humours, -viz. 
the Blood and Spirits, are naturally too 
much condenfed and comprelTed by a hea- 
vier Atmofphere, and greater Cold, and 
the Serum is lefs evaporated. And in this 
State of Humours, Nature teaches us to 
ufe an attenuating hot Diet of Flefh- 
meats, acrid Herbs, fermented Liquors, 
flrong Beer, or Wines; we wear more 1 
deaths, ufe greater Fires, eat Roaft- 1 
meats, ufe more Exercife, clofer and lower 1 
Habitations; and for our Difeafesufe Cold I 
and Hot Baths. The great fear oftoO'l 
muth coldnefs drives into an Excefs la 
the life ot hot things, to an Excefs in 

&r? foiitt* 

too mu 

.r1 U 


■andy S _ 
too much Tab 

Spiced and Sugared Mead 
Coffee and Chocolate. 1 

rtT. Of Cold Baths. 109 

2. To confine our Pelves in our warm 
Houfes too much, to ufe too many Cloaths, 
to warm our Beds, to frequent hot Baths, 
foft Beds, hot Periwigs, perfumed Snuff 

All thefe Excelfes in tlie Hot Regimen, 
are chiefly to be helped by a contrary Cold, 

I lad which contains thefe Particulars: 
I. We muft ufe a cooler Regimen of 
moderate warm Diet, Flefh-meats roafted 
once in a Day ; more moderate vinofe Li- 
quors, Beer of three or four Strike at Meals, 
and a thinner Diet at I'.reak-faft and Sup- 
per, and all Liquors cold ; ihcy who ufe 
Water for their ordinary Drink, have their 
Humoars leaft rarified, and confequently 
are Icaft fubjeft to the Changes of the Wea- 
ther. For hot Blood like boiled Water, is 
fooncft froze or chilled ; and after Exercife 
we fooneft take Cold, I will on thisocca- 
fion mention the Advantages of Water- 
^^nking : The Water-drinkers are tempe- 
Httte in their Afttons, Prudent and Ingeni- 
■ Ms; they live fafe from thofe Difeafes which 
affcft the Head ; fuch are Apoplexies, Pal- 
fies, Pain, Blimlnefs, Deafnefs, Gout,Con- 
vulfions. Trembling, Madnefs. The drink- 
ing Cold Water cures the following Dif- 
caies, the Hickup, Feetor of the Mouth, 
and of the whole Body. It refifts Putre- 
(aftioo, and cools burning Heats and 
Thirfts; and after Dinner it helps I>tgefti- 
I 3 on; 

Of Cold Baths. Pan 


on; and if the Diftales be very great, two 
or three Ounces of Water cooled with Icei' 
is fometimes given by Phyficians. 

If the Virtues of Cold Water be ferioufj 
ly confidered, all Ferfons would value it as 
a great Medicine in the Cafes mentioned, 
and in preventing the Stone, Goui, AOhmajt 
and Hyrterick-fitsi and to the Ufe of this,, 
Children ought to be bred from their Cra^^ 
dies, becaufc all ftrong Liquors are injuri- 
ous to the Conftitution of Children, whofe 
Spirits it inBames, and renders them Mzdjn 
Foolifh, Rafh, Tender, and Interaperali 
in their PafTions. 

2: The Ufe of Cold Air and Riding, 
Walking much in it, cools the overheate^i 
Blood and Spirits, and renders the Confti 
tution more Hrong; we ought nor to warn 
our Beds conllantly, nor wear too man/i 
Cloaihs, which exhauii the Serum anc^l 
Spirits; fliaving the Head, and wafhing 
it with Water, prevents Defiuxions. Th< 
old Writers preftribed an Excrcile nakedj 
Tlie wearing of Flannels renders the Perron 
very tender, and fubjccl to the Changes q( 
Weather, and too much Perfpiration, and 
this Cuftom can never be changed wiihoiu; 
fome great danger, Sitting conrtantly by. 
jheFire, much imoaking Tabaco, conftani 
ufe of hot Liquors, and hot Baths, mafci 
Chc^qdy lubjcd to greater tendernef^, aad 


Vf Cold Baths. 

coniequently to tlic Changes of Weather in 
Cold Countries. Down-beds are aifo very 

- 2. Cold Baths are the chief means and 

Lainoll etfcdual in the Cold Reginr.en; no-i 

^hjiing preferves the Body fo well from the 

^■pjuries of Weariier as Cold Batliing, 

^Kphich makes the Skin moredenfe and con- 

Hpa£ied, and confequently more infenfible 

of the Changes of the Air, its cold 

and moifture; and we account that Skin 

^.the belter which is infenfible and hard, 

;an the lax and tliin, which lofes all 

i Nutriment and Spirits by too much Per- 

biration. I have known many endure 

ipell the Cold of the Winter after the ufe 

f Cold Baths, who always found their Bo- 

Kes more tender after the life of Hot Baths 

] the Winter fo!lowini»; and die truth of 

_^his will appear by the Cures I fhall relate 

"of two tender Perfons ; but I will firft give 

thefe Remarks. 

1. That as Hot Biths cure the Injuries 

»Bf a Cold Regimen in Hot Countries, fo 
iCold Baths Cure the difeafed Alterations 
by a Hot Regimen in Cold Countries. 

2.Theufefulncfsof Cold Baths was found 
out in the Northern Countries, who gene- 
rally fortify themfelves againlt Cold Air by 
the Immerfion of their Bodies into Cold 
■Water ; and to prevent the Mortifications 
- I 5 of 

of their Limbs, they rub the frozen Parts 
with Snow. 

J. That Cold Baths and the Baptifmal 
Ablution, are more improper for Hot Coun- 
tries than the Cold, becaufe in Hot Coun- 
tries the Perfpirarion is very great, and ne- 
ceffary to prevent Fevers ; but iti Cold 
Countries it is much iefs natural, and the 
ambient Cold Air difpofes us not to Fevers 
fo frequently, and Cold Water will pro- 
duce greater horroi*s upon thofc Bodies 
which live in hot Airs, ihan thofe who are 
ufed to Cold Air. Which Obfervatioa 
fully refutes the common Opinion, that 
Cold Baths are only proper lor Hot Coun- 
tries, /E,qjpt, Greece^ i'^^hi where the old 
Writers tell us it was commonly pra&ifcd; 
but we muft remember that Hi^foersies 
knew Sycthia as well as Lybj.7^ and ihat he 
migiit have the knowledge of Cold Baihs 
from the Northvrn^ as well as the Ureof 
the Hot Batlis from tlie Southern CUmates. 
And what he has writ of Baths, is as what 
iie fays of his Prognofticks, true, both in 
Seythit and /Etiiwpia. And that he knew 
SejthtA^ is evident by that Defcription b« 
gives of the Difcafes of the Scythians], and 
of the Climate and Peopleofthat Coimtry* 
Since \ve find that Cold Bariis are not fo 
couveaientiorthe Hot Ciimares, wc muft 
not fo much /land upon ttioie nice Quiti-* 

Part;. Of CM Bath. 


ons which the Greek Writers have given 
about chem, fuch as we find in Gdlen. 'Ti».i 
certain the Romans ufed Cold Baths wiih> [ 
Icfs fear, as we may obferve in Pli»y and' 
Celfas; and I quertion not, but the fartht^ 
Northward we examine the \3k of Cold I 
Baths, we fhall find them more frequent, . ( 
and the moft common Pra£lice for harden- \ 
ing their Skin againll the exceffive Cold of ] 
their Air. The Northern People ufe alfb 
Hot Baths, but chiefly to cure theDifeafes ] 
produced by extrcam Cold. 

If it be objected, That Cold Baths by 
Itopping the Pores, will retain all the Hot 'i 

I Vapours produced by an cxceffive Hot Re- 
gimen, but Hot Baths will more readiljr 
difcufs them, I may anfwer, That Cold 
Baths win produce great Sweats, whereby 
thofe Vapours aredilcuiTed, and afterwards 
it comprelfes the rarified Humours, and > 
Goncracis the relaxed Membianes, whereby 
the rarified Humours are rellored to theiii 
natural Confidence, and the Fibres to the 
proper Tone. Where any difcafcd Hu- 
Hiours are m any part ftopt in their Circu^ , 
btion, or mixed with the Blood, it feenlj 
«be moft rational Method to Sweat at th0i 
firft ufe of Cold Saths ; but where tlrere is 
no Evacuation of Humours neceffary. 
Sweating is not proper after Cold Bathing, 
but only grack Exercife or Fridion. 

I 4 4. 

4* Thelaft Remark I fhall make, is this, 
;That Hnce the Inconveniences of an excef- 
five Hot Regimen in a Cold Climate, are 
produced by a very hot Diet, Strong Wines, 
-Hi§h Sauces, Tabaco, Brandy, &c. and 
alfo by ufing our felvcs over tenderly in 
Cloths, warm Beds, hot Rooms, &£. We 
'.inuft remove the External Cauiiis of our 
■,Tendernefs, and ufe a cool temperate Diet, 
,COol Liquors, cold Air about us, as well as 
..Cold Bdths : for no perfeQ: Cure can be ex- 
pelled irom Cold Baths, unlefs we avoid 
■ihe Occafions of our Difeafes; for if we 
-Continue any Excefs in our Hot Regimen, 
that will again renew thofe Difeafes the 
Cold Bath has cured. And 1 generally 
make this Obfervation, that where Cold 
Bathings are neceflary lor the Cure of a 
Difeafe, there drinking of Water is alfo ne- 
ceflary to prevent a Relapfe into the fame. 

2. I will now f^ivefome Inftances of the 
great Cures done by Coid Baths in Englaad, 

Mrs. B^tes oi Jjhhj h la Xsuch in Letcef' 
ierfbire^ beiiiE; above Fifty Years old, 
ivas eftcemed by al! her Neighbours Con« 
fumptive, becaufe file coughed much, and 
Ijad Rheumatick -pains near Twenty 
Xearsi the Pains made her Lame with a 
Sciatica, and Ihe had a Numbncfs and 
Weaknefs in her Knee, fo that (Tie had htde 
yf^ofher Legs, but f^te conilautjy neac 

Pa rti. Of Cold Baths. 115 ' 

the Fire, covered with many Cloaths, and 
was fo tender, that (he durft not go into 
the Air abroad ; ftie complained of a Pain 
in her Back, which fhe beheved to be the 
Stone; and fhe had much Pain in her 
Breaft, which ftie thout^ht Cancerous. 

In the Year 1699. in the Summer fhe 
went to IVi/loivhrid^e Cold Bath in Stsfj'oriU 
^irty which isaverycoid Water, and feels 
fmooth and oily, where fhe bathed conftjatu 
ly once in a Day, and drank many GlalTeP | 
of that Water every Day, and the continU'i 
cd this Method for a Month. When fho i 
was in the Water up to the Neclt, the fonet | 
, Breaft pained her very much the firft cimtj , 
I (he went into the Water, but never after* 1 
L wards ; and upon the fecond time of goin^ f 
I into the Bath, the Pain in tiie Hip fell inta* I 
[ the Foot, and by the continuance of thd I 
Bathing it was perfcOly cured, and never* | 
\ returned fince ; fo that (he now goes wett 
I eats well, wears fewer Cloaths, and iscu' 
I red of the Stone in her Kidneys, and tb 
I Swellingof her Breaft, which was I believtfj 
I a Milk Tumour, tho' it had continued \tk J 
her Breaft many Years : She yet continue* | 
the drinking of Water ever fince. I had! 
this Account from her felf; andthisgreaO j 
Cure has occafion'd the going of many td I 
Willowbridgt Q^l ol LetcejiErjbtre-, and thbi I 

whole Country can atteft the Truth of thi» \ 

Relation. In the fame Country I met with 
a Cure as confiderable as the former, done 
by the Cold Bath at Londaa; and in 99. In 
5tf»e 1700. I waited on Mrs. ti'atj of Lei- 
eefitr who very kindly entertained me with 
the Relation of her Diforders, and the man- 
ner of her recovery, which I Ihall briefly 
defcribe thus : 

She was troubled with continual Vomit- 
ings, and an Hyfterick Chohck, with wan- 
dering Pains in herLimbsand Head, with 
Convulfive Motions, and Violent Hyfte- 
rick Fits, with much WindinefMn tire Sto- 
mach and Belly, with continual Sweatings, 
lofsof Appetite, and an exceffive Tender- 
ncfs, and a confumptive State of Body. 
Dr. Hirtop of the fame Town, thus de- 
fcribesherlndifpofition in his Letter tome: 
Her Indifpofition was a perpetual Chilnefs 
of Spirits, with Pains all over; efpecially 
iOthc Teeth, from theleaft inclemency of 
Air, accompanied with Vapours, Faintnefs, 
&c. fhe tried all the ufiial Methods in vaio, 
&ch as Steel, the Cortex, Vomiting, Opi- 
ates; and at laft file went to Bawe, and 
continued there fome time drinking the 
Waters, and Bathing; but at laft finding 
no benefit byany thing, fhe wasadvifcd by 
Dr. Bsysard co ufe the Cold Bath in London* 
about Michitlmas <)<)y (he bathed there two 
and twenty times, within the fpace of a 
'!: )1 Month, 

Month, flie dipt herfclf undev Water fijt 
or feveii times every Morning, without 
ilayiog in the Water any longer than the 
time of Immerfion, and fliecame warm 
from her Bed to the Water ; by this Ba- 
thing the Skin contracted , and {he was 
never very tender (ince, nor fubjcft to 
Colds as before ; her Appetite and Strength 
returned, and Ihe became more Plump 
than before; all the Sweatings, Windineft, 
Pains, and Convulfions ceafcd. And Dr. 
Hittof alfured me, That fhe was well re- , 
covered to the Admiration of the Country, I 
to whom both her long IndifpoHtiun and j 
wonderful Cure were well known ; and 
from many Hands I have had a fufficient 
Teftimony of the fame. 

The (ame Ingenious Fhyfician, Dr. Wifr- 
to^^ gave me another Relation of a Patient-^ 
of his, Mrs. 6«//A of We^on^ who con-i 
ftantly ufed to fit by the Fire, and fhftl 
doathed her felf very warm; (he ha&l 
much Tooth ach and Rheumatick pain^j 
and frequent Sweatir)gs ; fhe was much \ 
worfe by the ufc of the Hot Baths; h* ] 
therefore advis'd hei- to Cold Bathing, 
which (he began by Bathing her Feet firft, 
and Chen the reft of her Body ; and when 
fhe came forth of the Water, fhe walked 
about in her Cioaths, 'till fhe was warm. 
This Method (be continued for a Month's 


tiine, and was perfcdly recovered of her 

1. By the firf} Cafe wc may obfervc, 
That [he Sciatica or Rlicmatick-pains 
were relieved by Cold Baths; therefore 
Cold Baths are proper in fi^y, vifcid Blood, 
which commonly appears of that kind in 
our Country People ; and no Diforder more 
common .in England^ than Rheumatifms 
and Inflammations, which areoccafioned 
by lizy Blood, 

2. In the fame Cafe we may obferve. 
That the Inflammation of the K.idncys was 
CQrrefted by tlie Cold Bathing, which cools 
the Reins, and produces much Water; and 
hereby 'tis proved, that in Sale Cacocliy- 
mia's, Cold Bathing is ufefuU which pafles 
the fait Serum by Urine and Sweat. 

J. By the firlV Cure we may obferve, 
That the indurated Glands muy be refol- 
ved by Cold Bichs;, bv whicli it may rati- 
onaiiy be inferred, That the Secretion 
through tlie Glands is promoted fay Cold 
Bulls. And what particular Virtue Cold 
Biths will have in the King's Evil and 
Scrofulous Glands,whethcr conglobulate,or 
conglomerate, or in thofe of the Mefentery, 
a farther Experience in Cold Bathing will 
fiiew. i have been credibly informed ac 
iViibisbrUge^ that a Scirrhous Tumor upoii 

the Hypocondria, was cured by ilw Cold 
Bathing in that Water. 

4. The great Tenderncfs ofall the three 
Women above «ientioned, was cured byi 
the Cold Baths, and their Appetite and 
Strength rertored, and the Menfes in one 
were helped; by which we may obiervc, 
how much Cold Baths help the Circulation 
of our Humours. And that 1 may farther 
confirm this Notion, I will mention the 
following Cure of a Varix witli an Ulcer, 
at ^^iltowbrid^e^ which i had from Mr. 
He£ior^ an Eminent Chirurgeon in our 
Town. The varicous Ulcer was in the 
Leg, and bled much ; but both the Ha- 
morrhage and Ulcer was cured by the long 
ufe of M^///oiv^«W^f Bath, though it would 
not yield to any ordinary Methods, The 
Blood is congealed and grumous in all Va- 
rices, and the Blood- VefTcls relaxed ; but 
by Cold Bathing the Blood was refVored 
to its Fluidity, and the VclTels to their due 
Tone, and the Ulcer cu red by Cold Water ;- 
which I thought to be a veryconfiderablc 
Cure, and may give us a very fair Hint of 
trying Cold Baths in the Polypous Concre- 
tions of Blood, both in the Blood Velfels 
of the Lungs, and the Obftruftions of the 
Hypocondriain Splcnetick Perrons, and in 
Dropfical Patients, who complain of great 
Fains in the Belly and Sides. 

5- In 

1 10 Of Cold Bath. Part™ 

5. In the fecond Cafe we have a Cure 
of the greateH: Hylterick Cafe that cowld 
happen; the Vomitings, Running Pain, 
the Fits of the Mother, *nd Convulfiom, 
depended on a windy or fermenting Blood 
and Spirits. The Conllitution of this La- 
dy is very hot, her Spirits lively, her Sta- 
ture low, and Body thin, and her Hair 
black; alt which arc Sign of hot Hunsoors. 
And by this Cafe we may obferve, the 
Cure of all hot Windinefs, which oecafi- 
ons Running-pains and Convulfions, isef- 
feftually performed by Cold Baths; but 
I muft not omit that file has eat many hun- 
dreds of Lemons fince, fpittiiig out the 
Pulp, or elfe (he fqueezes them into Water ; 
and fhe ufes Wine and Water for hefcon- 
ftant Drink ; fhe found great benefit by the 
vie of Cre»nt of Tartar, iifsor ?). in Water- 
Gruel for the Hyfterick Vomiting. I men- 
tion thefe Particulars to fhew, That it h 
rcquificetoufe fomc cool Alteratives for the 
windy Cacochymia inwardly at the fame 
time, and after the \J(c of Cold Baths. 

I fent this Year an Hypochondriacal Pa- 
tient to a Cold Bath, who complained 
much of Convulfive Beatings all over his 
Body; and he informed me, that he found 
great benefit by it as to that Symptom, 
which. depended on a windy ftateof SjmtIe*. 

I have 

I have difcourfcd wicli an Af^hmacick 
Perfon,wiiohashad an habitual AiUimafor 
many Tears, and ftic informed mc, I'hat 
ftic went into St. M'imfred'^ Well at Haiy^ 
mS^ but once, and tliat her AltmatickDry 
Cough went off for fome time, but at laii 
returned again. I mention this tierc, be- 
caufeA^hma's depend on windy InHations, 
■nd are of hl(c Nature as the former Cafes, 
And I find chat Cdlias Aurelitnus com- 
mends the Pfuchrolufia in that Difeafe: 
wafbing ilie Head is certainly ufcful againft 
! it. 

6. I obfervc, that continual Sweats id 
the third Cafe were Itopi by the Cold 
Baths, fo tliat by them we both produce or 
Aop Sweats. Immediately after Cold finths 
the Sweats arc pi-oduccd, if we commit the 
Patient to a warm Bed ; but a looger Ufc 
of Cold Baths rtop all Evacuations. I find 
the old Phyficians prefcribed Cold Baths to 
flop the Coaorrhaa [implex \ the coldncfsot" 
the Water contrafls and ftrengthens all the 
Membranous Veflcls, as well as cools the 
hot Humours. And Dr. Btyfttrd gave me 
an Account of a Perfon cured of a Rupture 
by the Cold Bath at London^ which muft 
be cfFefted by the contrafting of the relaxed 
Peritonaam-y and by this Cure we may be 
dire£led co try the Virtue of Cold Baths in 

Of Cold Baths. Pai 

H 133 

B the Procidentia Vteri & Jni, and in the 

V Tumours of the Hsmorrhoids. 

I 7- In the firft Cafe I obferve, That the 

^k Numbnefs, Weaknefs, and StifFnefs of the 

^K Limbs was cured by Cold Bathing; hj 

^P which we may apprehend that Cold Baths 

^F rellore the Animal Spirits and the Blood, 

^' to their ufuaj Motion in Paralytick Obftru- 

I ilions, and flrengthen the Tone of the 

■ Nerves. And as a farther Proof hereof, I 

I will again mention a Letter of Dr. Bdj- 

f »,ir^'stome, inwhich heaflures me, That 

a Deafnefs was cured by the Cold Bath at 
LoKdoa. I have not yet heard, whether 
Coid Baths have been tried in the Guttt 
Serena, which feems as likely as the curing 
of a Deafnefs, and a lofs of Speech, which 
was done by the lame Dofter in a young 
Boy at Bdthf as Dr. Gold his Father inform- 
ed me. But I fhall fully prove the EffeSs 
of Cold Baths in Paralytick Refolutions, 
by the following Letters, which I received 
from a Reverend and Ingenious Divine, 
Xir. Nith.Ellijbny in Arrfwer to fome In- 
quiries I fent him, about the cure of the 
Rickets in his Children by St. Muneo\ 


Nemajile, jf4«. 25th, 170!. 

Honoured Sir, 
Would have retarded a fpeedier Aafwef to 
jour Letter^ but I xvai in hjftsour Pfjfp- 
miis here vfouU have drawrt up their Thoughts 
Ik Jn/rvtr to your hquiries^ ahut the Vfe And 
vtcefs of Cold liiths Among m. But they 
Uittg detained hji Hufinefs, you mujlhecoatrnf- 
'^ at prefent with my ReUtioti f>j the Matt er^ 
tiieh it what I know to be commonly praclifed^ 
md the Suceefs of rvhich 1 bdve experienced in 
Ikjown Family. 

Nothing is more common in this Coantrjf 
and proves more generally faccffsful for the 
previnting or curing of Rickets^ than to fend 
Children of a Tear old und upivards, to Ht. 
BedcV, Honwick, or Sr. Mango's tVells^ 
(which art exiream Cold Springs) and in the 
Months of June and July, to dtp them in the 
Evening for a fortnight or longer^ intermit- 
ting a Day or tivo, or more in the rvboU^ if 
the Child be very iVeak. 

Some Dip them twice or thrice over Head 
and Ears rviih their Shifts and Night-Caps on, 
giving them a little time to Breath betmen each 
Immerfwfi. Others Dip them nt> farther than 
the Neck, (becauft the Water is apt to flop 
their Breath) and Dip their Night-Caps tbo- 
Ttii^hly. aaiput them Wet upon their Heads. 
K Othtrs 


'134. Of Cold Baths. 

Others (where the JVeHis not Capacious enough) 
content themfelves to put the Children into a 
Tub of Water, galhtred from the Springs 
and Dafh the Water upon tliem over Head 
aod Ears, -i^ll which Immerfioas are to be dif- 
pateh^d as quickly at msj be^ that ja the (^hij^d 
may not continue any longer in the ^^ater than 
is necejfary, that is^ ^ti/l his Body, and Shifty 
and Night-Cap he thoroughly Wet. Others 
out of i endernejs to the thlldy or in Re^ar4 
to the Chtld^s Wtaknefs^ content ihemjel'ves, 
with Dipping only the Shirt and Night-Cap 
in Water, a^d_ ftdt them on Wet upon him. 

Js foon AS the Children are dipped, they irith 
their wet Cloalhs on are wrapt up in marm Blan- 
kets over their Head and nhole Body, and pug- 
immediately to lied^ which injlantly puts ihet 
into a violent fiweat. In this Coodttioa th 
lie aS Nighty ''till towards Morning theCtqttt 
0re taken ofj' by degrees, that jo fheytnai co 
gradually^ and in the Mor/iif'g they have J^ 
Shirts andHead-Cloiiths put on \ the fame Shff^ 
and Night Cap in ivhtch thq are dipp*d^ at 
us'd a/I the time of their Dippings and are o)^ 

The Children in three Minutes time reeovt^ 
themfehes of the Fright which Dipping pAt» 
them into ; and tho'' for the prefent they mig^ \ 
be weaker, (having exhaufied their Spirits q| I 
violent Sweats) yet ihey recover their Stre^gfbA 
gtudatim by the help of fireitgthnin^ Gettiei. «f\ 

'Of Cold Baths. 


Hirtshorn, Calves-Feet, Sfc. infomuch^ that 
ahut the Fa/I of theLeaf thej are either perfeU' 
Ij recovered^or fenfibly httter. Ij'oue 1'edrs dip- 
fittg proves not Juccefsful^ "'tis repeated the 
next Tear, which generally aafvers Expecfatton. 
There^s no dijceraahle Aittration^ either t» 
their Vriffe, Stool, or Colour of their itkiitj 
nor a/3j preparative or fubfe^uent Fargalives 
ufedf nor any other Cordials given, except * 
fpoonful of Sack immediately before and after 
hippiag, if Children will take it ; tior are they 
debsrr'Q their ufaal Diet or Play : Only 
care muji be taken to keep their Necks warm to 
fecure them from catching Cold. 

Sir, Jf you rvill try the fame Experiment 
with you, I doubt not but you rvill fifid the like 
good Efecf, if j-)u h.vue Springs fo Cold by 
Nature as fome of ours are^ or can make them 
fo by Art. I can affure you. That I have had 
Four Children of my own dipped with very good 
Succefs. J never heard that an) Children who 
had only the Rickets, dy^d of Dipping, and 
few or none but found great benefit by it. 

This Account is not Exjt£i enough to appear in 
Print, without your very fevere Correilions. If 
you mil pat it into a more agreeable Drefs, I will 
Jlffver for the Truth of the Relation ; rvho am,. 
S I R, 
Your very AfFeftionate Friend, 
and Humble Servant, 
K 2 N. Ellffon, 

ia6 Of Cold Baths. Parti. 

Newcafile^ Febr. ^ 170?, 

Honoured Sir, 

Since my U(l^ I received this folhmng Jc- 
count of St. Mongah'i and Honwick 
Wellsy from Dr. Th. Davifon, Utelj Fellow 
of St. John^s College y Cambridge, tvho is late- 
ly come to Rejide among /^. 

I ft, The People that re fort to thefetwo Pla- 
ces come to he curd of fx*d Pains ^ whether in 
the "Joints or MufcleSy whether with or with- 
out Tumour ; and for jack as come upon long 
Rheumatifms and Qjtar tans ^ as well as Strains 
andBruifes^ the RicketSj and all Weaknefs of 
the Nerves^ whether Vniverfal^ orof anjpar* 
ticular Member. 

idly, They are immerfed at all Ages^ viz. 
from Six Months old to Fight j Tears. Chil- 
dren are twice or thrice dipped in^ and pre/ent- 
ly taken out again ; and while they are in^ the 
officious Women at the Well are active in rubbing 
their Backs ^ or the maimed Parts ; but thts 
feems only for Form. Adult People flay in a 
quarter y or near half an Hour. 

jdly, They ufe no preparative Phyfick^ nor 
obferve any Diet before nor afterwards^ but a 
Draught of warm Ale or Sack to comfort them 
after they come out. 


Parti. Of Cold Bat bs. 127 

4thly, The di/femper^J People go to Bed af^ 
terwardsy €nd Sweat for two Hoars or more. 
Hut the Healthful that go inforVleafure^ put 
on thtirCloathsy and go to their Bufinefs or 

5thly, The Healthful immediately after 
coming out find a great warmth all over^ and 
would probably Sweat as much as the Sick if 
they went to Bed upon it. They find them- 
felves after Bathing much more nimble^ and 
their Joints more pliant. 

6thly, The People ufe thefe two WeUs pro^ 
mijcuoujly for the Dijlempers above-mentioned^ 
gndwith equal Succefs\ tho^ Honwick // a 
Mineral^ and the other is noty which makes me 
believiy t hat * t is to the fame Caufe^ viz. their 
Coldne/Sy and not any othn Qjf^^tty^ that th^ 
Cures are $wing. 

7thly, St. MongahV has no manner of 
Sign of a Mineral ; whereas Honwick tinges 
the Sides of the V\^ell^ and being drank ^ Purges 
gently by Stooly but more by Vrine^ and is of 
the fame Nature with Aftrop. The Well is 
fa little^ that they are forc'^d to take it up in 
Pitchers^ '^till they fill a Vcffel large enough to 
Bdth in. 

Sthly, They Bath every Day^ or twice a 
Day^ for a Fortnight or Month^ 4$ their 
jtrength will bear^ and as their Dijlemper re* 
quires more or lefs Bathing. 

K } Sir, 

riF"" Of Cdd Bdths. Part 1- 

Sir, If in any thing elfe I cm [etiie you^ 
jou tnaj Lommdnd 

Honoured Sir, 

Your moft humble Servant, 

AT. Ellifon, 

The Remarks I (hall make on thefe two 
Letters ; are, 

, !• That all Obftruft ions in the Nerves 
may be cul-ed by the Cold Baths ; thereforfe 
not only the Rickets, but all other SbetiiSs 
oF the Palfy may be cUred by the wrtt ; 
Deafnefs, Blindnefs, lofs of Tafte, Srhfell, 
lofsof Appetite, weaknefs in Swallowing, 
Venu^ Languiddy Incontinence of Uriiie and 
Stool, Hemi[)legias, and Dittortion df the 
Mouth by a Palfy, and any particular Weak- 
nefs in the Motion of any Mufcle, as well 
as lofs of Speech. 

2. The Northern Praflbice direfts ns to 
Sweat after Cold Bathing in all Obftruai:- 
ons of the Nerves, by which the fizy Sc- 
rum, which obftrufts the Nerve^, fe eva* 
cuated, and the Motion of the Spirits is 
promoted by firft coni^reffing them, itA 
giving them an Irritation, when they exci^ 
(h^ir natural Elafticity. 

3, Tha( 

Of CM Baths. 


3. That if we can cure theObftriiaions 
m the Nerves by Cold Baths, Obrtruftions 
in the Blood VefTels are much cafier to be 
relieved, viz. Pains, Tumours, Inflamma- 
tions, Coagulations of IMood after Bruifes, 
and thefe depend ing on 11 zy Serum in great- 
er quantity, require alfo more Sweating af- 
ter Cold Bathing. 

4, Cold Baths agree with Children, be- 
1 caufe they are naturally very hot, and fub- 

jeft to Fevers, Pains, Scabs, Swellings, 
Eonvulfions, for which alfo Cold Baths are .1 

J. I will laftly confider in what Difeafes 
»e may raoft conveniently ufc Cold Baths, 
^nd for which they arc improper ; and fub- 
')in fome Remarks, both on the proper 
leafon for them, and feme Cautions in the 
^feof them. As Hot Bathsagreebeftwlth 
he Cold Conftitutions, and Cacochymlas, 
'S Cold Baths are moft proper for all the 
i.ot Tempers \ for young Perfons above 
Twenty five, for People of a lively Spirit. 

1. Cold Baths agree with the biliousTem^ 
ers, and Difeafes which depend on the 
Mood or Animal Spirits over ratified in t!ib 
hot Scurvy. 

2. With the windy Conftitutions, as ap- 
pears by the benefit the Hypochondria- 
cal and Hyfterick receive by them, as well 
as the Afthmttick and all Nervous Pains. 

K 4 5. With 

Of Cold Baths. 

J, With the Salt Tempers and Difcafes 
depending on Saltnefs of Blood, as is prov- 
ed by ihe Defeafes of the Kidneys, and the 
Gout , in which Cold Baths have great Ef- 
fe£ts, in curing the Pains both of the Stone 
and Gout. 

4. The vifcid Temper of Humours re- 
quires alfo Cold Baths, as Is evident in cu- 
ring the Rheomatick-pains. 
, 5. The putrid State of Humours require 
alfo Cold Bathing. I onLClenta Woman 
to iViHorv bridge, who had great benefit by 
it for her Leprous Scurfs by Bathing fome 
Weeks there, and by drinking the Water. 

2. Gden cured Hefticks, Ephemera's, 
by Cold Baths; and he prefcribes them in 
putrid Fevers, without any Inflammation 
of the f'tfcera^ in the height of the Fever, 
after the appearance of Concoftion in the 
Urine in young People, and in the Sum- 
mer-time; and the like good Succefs hap- 
pened to a Woman in a Fever at AUermasy 
who by leaping into a Well, was imme- 
diately relieved, and had both her Fever 
and Delirium cured by it, Gd€» obferves, 
That the feverifh by going into Cold Wa- 
ter, either Purge or Sweat, by which a 
Crifis is made, as well as by drinking Wa- 
ter at the fame time of the Fever. 

The Hydrophobia requires Cold Baths, 
and that has been pradifed in all Ages foi' 

Parti. Of Coli Baths i :; I 

it, Americui Vtffutius relates the manner 
of the Americans in curinii; their Fevers. 
When it is come to the height, they Im- 
merfe themfelves into Cold Water, and af- 
ter run about a hoe Fire cill they Sweat and 

J, OriUJias lived long after Gale/i^ and 
no Fhyfician ever prefcibed' Cold Baths 
with fo much affurance as he at all Sealbns. 
He commends them (by a Quotation out 
of Hirodottis^ De aquis fpoate nafcentibut ) 
for Defluxions, for Diftempeis of the Blad- 
der, for Fains of the Head, and malignant 
Ulcers; and for thefe Difeafes the Patient 
is advifed to ftay in the Water but a little 
t at firft, "viz. half an Hour, and fo in- 
[ creafe to two Hours, if the Pains require 
it; but we rauft be more cautious, and ftay 
i in the Cold Bath but little at firft, and no 
[ longer than we can well bear it at any time, 
|, 5, 7, or 9 Minutes. 

Orihsfifft quotes what Galen has writ, 

I concerning the Prefervation of Health by 

' Cold Baths; and many otiier curious Ob- 

t fervations out of Jgaihinus, concerning 

Cold Baths, which deferve to be known 

by all ; and for that end ! have tranflaced 

Agat&i/tus\ Words, They who deftre to pafs 

the (bar t time of Life in good heah/j, ought of'. 

tea to afe Cold Bathing ; for I can fcatee ex- 

freft in iVi^ds horp much henefit may be had by 

Cold Bmhs 5 for they who afe rhem, although 
almoji ffcttt with Old A-i^f^ hive a flroHg and 
e^mfxU t'lf/b, And a florid Colour in their 
Fttci'y Jtftd thrj are ven JSfive and Siro/ig^ 
dsdifjeir/lppiftiees and D{^t.'(lions are vigoroas, 
and their Senfes are per feci and exatt ; and 
in one iVord^ they have all their natural j£fi- 
(iBj ipell perfomted. By tliefc particulars wc 
difcern how milch the Cold Baths pre- 
ierves our Hcaldw, and by the contrary 
ElVefls how mucli Hot Baths prejudice 
Gor Bodies, by making the Flefli Iodic and 
flaccid, the Colour il], the Nerves weak> 
and they deftroy the Appetite. 

/I^athinas mentions the Cultont among 
the barbarous Natinns (by which he means 
the Northern Nations, the Gvrmans, Eng- 
li(b^ and Scythians) that it was their Cuf- 
tom to put tlieir Children every Day into 
Cold Water ; whilft others boiled them in 
Hot Baths, by which they became fubjtft 
to Convuinon-i; (by this Obfervation we 
arc iriftruflod how to prevent Convulfions 
by Immcrfiuf^ them in Cold Water at theip 
Baptifnijiind every Day by wafliingthcmall 
over till tlicy are three Qilarcrrs ofa Vfear 
did) Tie advifcs Cold Baths to all Boys after 
their Infancy, though Galen Ufed it not till 
^\z ajth Year. 

. Gw/fwadvifcs the beginning of Cold Bath- 
ing by lUcm who are not ufed to it, to be 

in Hot Weather; but Aii^xthirtus fays, It 
may be begun at any time of the Year 
without any Danger, as he hasobferved 
many to do; and if any difference be made, 
he would prefer the Spring. The ufual 
Caution he gives, as well as GiUn and 
Herodmui^ is to ufc Cold Baths when the 
Stomach is empty, and to warm our felves 
with moderate Exercife before nur going 
into the Cold Water. The befttime for 
going into the Cold Water, he fays, is 
about Dinner-time, neither fooner or later. 
He advifes to put off the Cloaths in the 
Sun, where no Winds blow ; and if a Ri- 
gour feize him, to Cloath again and walk, 
or elfe to ufe Friftion with his own Hands, 
tb anoint moderately with Oyl , by which 
if the Body be warmed, it is fuflicienily 
prq>ared for a Cold ISath, into which he 
muft <Jefcend fuddenly. 

He advifes. That the Cold Water fliould 
neither be froze, nor of a Coldnefs too rc- 
mifs, for this does more Injury than the 
other; and he prefers the ufc of Sea-Water 
fot the firft Cold Baths, which has cold- 
iiefs chough, and fome warmth from the 
Baltnefs. He advifes to go in at tht 
famfe time thrice, at firfl: with a little rub- 
Wng, after to rub much and anomt, and 
goinagain,and to continue their Swimming 
longer than at the firit time, and then to 

Of Cold Bath. 


return tothe Friflion and Anointing, aod 
after to go in a third time, and if he ftays 
but a i^nall time, to place the Head and 
Stomach under the Aquodufts, orelfcto 
luve many Veffels full of Water poured on 
him, (and this ib the >i^VAiffji/.©. or ^.•)(utn<;i 
to which Hippocrates attributes the lame 
Virtue as we find In Cold Baths) and after 
all moderately to be rubbed with Oy! , 
not to relax too much ; after to rub the Bo- 
dy with a Strigil, till it is moderately red, 
by which the Body is ftrengthened and 
made fmooth. He obfcrves. That though 
we have eat, we may ufe it upon the ac- 
count of extream Heatsaiul Burning; and 
that he himfelt'in extream Heats, did ufe 
Cold Baths alter Supper to procure Sleep, 
by which he procured a pteafant Night's 
Refl. He advifes us to llop the Ears, 
whicii Parts (u^cv Injury by Cold Baths, 
which j^gathtKits wonders at, fince Cold 
Baths are more ufeful than any other Regi- 
men for prefcrvation of our Healtli. 

I have here mentioned moft of the Cau- 
tions prefaibcd by the Ancients, the reft 
1 will quote from G.i/e», who prepared the 
Patient for Cold Baths, by putting them 
into the Hotfirft; on the North Hde of their 
Baths the Romans had tlieir Fifcina^ which 
were called by the Greeh^ jyAu/^CnTg^, 
and fometimev ^aTTsT^j^ia, and thcfe rec^i- 
^i ved 

ved Cold Water from fome Spring, and irt 
thefe they did Swim after tlicir Hxercife. 
Gileu thought Cold Baths injurious to Old 
Men, and Children; thin Habits in the 
Winter, and to thofe who were not accuf- 
tomed to them, and after eating; but Ex- 
perience fhews thefc Cautions needlefs. 
Old Men have experienced them when 
above Sixty. Springs being warmer in 
Winter than Summer, they may be ufed 
then, as in Sir //. C's Cafe. We have tried 
them in Children fufficiently in curing their 
Rickets, and in thin Hyfterick Women, 
and Hypochondriacal Men, and they have 
affured me, that they become more flelhy 
thereby. An Old Man at Jjbhj/ de U Z^ach^ 
of Seventy Years old, who had a Pain in 
his Back, and Lamenefs, ufed H^ti/ctvhrxdge 
Bath, by which he was cured the firfl Year, 
and when the fame Infirmity returned, he 
ufed the fame a fecond Year, and was won- 
derfully relieved by it. 

The old Fridion may be ufeful, if the 
Body be very cold, both before and after 
Bathing; and to prevent any Inconvenien- 
ces, the Patient ought at firll' only to dip 
two or three times, and not to ftay in the 
Cold Water. If we prefcrifae Sweating af- 
ter the firft Bathing, wc iliali thereby dif- 
cuis all the Hot Vapours produced by thofe 
, Hot Cacochymias, .which require Cold 
|7'''»in;j Baths^ 

Baths, and have thereby the lame advanta- 
ges as thay who ufe Hot Baths before the 
Cold. As CO the Unftion ufed by the An- 
cients, that may relax the Skin dried and 
fhriveled by Cold Air and Cold Water, as 
well as by Hot Air in Hot Countries, and 
Hoc Water. This was the Praftice of the 
Old Britnins, to Paint themfelves when 
they went naked. And Hippocrates advi- 
fes us to anoint towards Autumn and Win- 
ter, to defend our Bodies from the Cold. 
But in this prefcnt Age the Northern People 
only ifi|) themfelves in Water, to harden 
their Skins, and to ftrengthen the whole 
Body without any Friflion or Anointing, 
but they ufe Exercife afterwards to warm 

They who have a weak Heat, and are 
much decay'd, muft not venture on Cold 
Baths; Nor they who are intemperate, and 
have eat or drank extraordinarily, becaufe 
the Diftribution and Confumption of an 
abundant Chyle being ftopt, it muft occa- 
iion Fevers or Defluxions. 

If the Spirits be funk by Locfenefs, Vo- 
micing, Venery, Watching, or any other 
Evacuation, we cannot well bear tlie Cold 
Baths; our Spirits being weak, will be 
overcome by its Chilnefs. 

In the Fits of the Gout, Epilepfy, and 
in Inflammadons of the Lungs, in the be- 

Parti. OfCddBiUhs. 1^7 

ginning of putrid Fevers, Iliac Paflions, 
aod in the Gripes, aod during any Defluxi- 
on, Cold Baths are improper, for ihey 
binderExpe£lorarion, repel Pains, promorc 
the prefent Defluxlons and Fluxes, and 
Pains; but when thefc Acute Difeafes, or 
Chronicali'aiiis and Defluxions are ended, 
'tis certain that Gout- pains are prevented by 
Cold Baths, and ufing to wafh tlie Feet. 

Aagufius was cured of his Defluxions, as 
Suetonius lehitSt by Cold Baths, and Cold 

t' Baths as well as Water- drinking, prevent 
all Inflammations, Pains, and Effepvefcen- 
pies of Humours, on which Dcfluxion$ 
jEtias commends Cold Baths for Laffi- 
tudes in ill Habits of Body ufed at certain 
intervals. And he advifcs them, who arc 
burnt by the extream Jleat of the Sun, to 
ufe a Perfulion of Cold Water all over. 

4. Moft Evacuations depend on Hftervef- 
cencies, and Defluxions of Humours: too 
much Evacuation by Sweats or Pcrfpiratlon 
in tlie limimtA aninay are cured by Cold 
Baths, as jiltias advifcs, who alfo com- 
mends Cold Baths for the Catameaia too 
abundant, as well as the Whites, and Pol- 
lutio no{fur»* zn^ limbic Gonorrhea. Tho* 
the External Pcrfufions ftopthe Menfesand 
Hxmorrhagies ; yet Cold Baths affefl the 
Head, and move the Blood too much to 


ftop Hemorrhages, but they rather in- 
creafe them. To prevent the Pain of the 
Head, occafioned at fir/l by Cold Baths, 
they laya wet Clothon that Fart, orwaffi 
it firft. 

5. Calius Aurelhnus quotes the Greeks 
for curing the Head-ach by the Pfeachraalfia: 
and the reafon of that Cure is evident, be- 
caufe a Hemicramn is a Species of Rheu- 
matifms ; and in the Seiaticjj running Scor- 
butick-pains, and Pains of the Shoulders, 
Cold Baths have certain EffeGs. 

Hypochondriack-pains, Gout pain, Stran- 
gury, Nephritick-pains, Con vu I five-pains, 
Hyfterick-pdins, are all cured by Cold 
Baths. For which I may quote Hippoera- 
tes's Jphorifmsj Lib. x. Cold Water largely 
poured on the Part affected, cures Swell- 
ings, and Pains in the Joints, if without 
Ulcers; and alfo the Gout-pains, and Con- 
vulfions, all which it eafes, and diminifh- 
es the Tumours, and takes away the Pains, 
for it occafions a Stupor which eafes Pain. 

Hippocraies alfo advifes Cold Water in 
Inflammations, and Heat with rednefs from 
frelh Blood; and he declares, that Cold 
Water hinders any Pain from ripening. 

I have mentioned the great Effefts Cold , 
Baths have in rarified hot Bloods in the hot 
Cacochymias, in Fevers, Defluxions, Pains, 
Inflammations, and fome Evacuations of 1 

Part I. Of Cold Baths, i ^9 

Humours. And I fliall next give a Cata- 
logue of the EfFefts Cold Baths have in' 
NervOu5 Difeafes, which are very much re- 
lieved by them, becaufc the Animal Spirits 
are too much rarified in fuch Diftempers. 
But as to the great EfFefts which Cold 
Baths have in curing Paralytick Obftrufti- 
ons, I have fufficiently defcribed them al- 
ready. I can only add a remarkable Paf- 
fagein Hippocrates^ in his Book about Vir- 
gins, concerning the Mature and Cure Of a 
Torpor or Stupidity of the Limbs, which 
is produced by forcing the Blood and Spirits 
to ftand in the prirt bv an External Com- 
preflioh ; but he defer ibcs it by forcing the 
Blood from tlie Hips nnd Thighs Into the 
Legs and Feet ; and hv this Torpor an Im- 
potency to Morion is occafionM, 'till the 
Blood remrn to the fame place, which he 
fays will foon recurn, if any one ftand in 
Cold Water above the Ancles, By this 
Quotation 'tis evident, That Hippocrates 
never knew the Nature of the Circulation, 
but he well apprehended that the Blood had 
a Motion given it by Cold Water ; but 
what he imputes to the Blood, is due to the 
Nerves alfo, which being comprefTed, pro- 
duce both the Torpor and Palfy, which dif- 
fer only in degree : And that both thefe 
were cured by Cold Baths, is very evident 
by the Book of Liquids, in which Hrppo- 

L crates 

14.0 Of Cold Baths. Part I 

crates commendsCold Baths for Paraplegics^ 
Lamenefs, Stupors, (i'apK?0 ^"^ iofsoi 
Speech. By this cure of external Stupors, 
as Hippocraies direfls, pi iv SSihTt •^^pa!^ 
'twas eafy to infer, That all inward Stupors^* 
fuch as are thofe of the Hyfterick and Hy-j 
pochondriack, were cured by the fame Me- 
thod, viz.. by cold Baths: And of thej 
highefl: degree of thefe, Hippocmtes treats,T 
^- in which are great Fevers, Deliria^ Ap-' 
l.pearances of Daemons, Suffocations both 
in Men and Women. In Cold Countries: 
the Extremities of the Body grow Stiff am 
Torpid by Cold, and if they apply he 
things, or corae near the Fire, the Nofe 
Ears, Hands, or Feet, are apt to fall oj 
to prevent this Mortification, the PoUnder^ 
and Ruffians before tliey warm themfelvi 
put their Torpid and Frozen Parts in 
Cold Water, which Experience, and n 
any Learning has taught them, to Cure tl 
Injuries of extream Cold Air, as well as 
fortifie their Bodies thereby againft 1 
Senfe of it. And Mr. ^oyk obferves, Tl 
frozen Eggs will Thaw fafter in Cold Wa^ 
terthan in the open Air ; from which Exr- 
periment we may conclude, that Cold Baths 
may faliely be u(ed in Winter, to cure con- , 
geal'd Humours, or too much coldnefsof 
our Bodies. An Excefs ia Cold Baths is 

Parti. Of Cold Baths. 

certainly injurious ; for Galen 
tells us, That AUxs«der the fj-J^^,„\;,^f 
Great^ whilft he wafhed him- c^'T"- 
felf in the Summer-time in the 
River Cydnus in CilictHj was feized with a 
Convulfion, Tremor, and Torpor. And 
in after Ages, Frederick OeaohnrbaSy the 
Emperor, died by Wafliing in the fame 
iWater. Thefe Misfortunes in the Ufe of 
lid Baths, may be attributed to thofe 
perors ufins of Cold Baths when Hot, 
or after great Surfeits, or their ftaying in 
them too long ; but that this Water of Cjd- 
nus might he ufed with ^jreat benefit, StrA- 

affirms, who fays, That the ^^^ 
iWacerof it was very Cold and ''^*''-^^' 
"^lOugh, and that it was very beneficial in 
iring the Gout, and that it helped the 
iick Humours, which pofTeiTed the Nerves, 
both in Brutes and Men. The fame Truth 
Vitrwvius and Vlinj afterwards confirm , 
and affure us, that the fame Water being 
poured plentifully on the Gouty, immedi- 
ately eafes that Pain. 

There is a dangerous PraGice at Wihw' 
hridge^ of which I have heard fome Patients 
complain : they wear the wet Shirts,in which 
they bathed, all Day afterwards, by which 
fome were over-chilled ; but I have heard 
others, that were more ftrong, who bore 
thac Pradice without any Injury, as they 
L 2 ia- 

145 Of Cold Baths. Part 1- 

informed me. The Inftances I (hall give 
of Cures done in the Difeafes depending 
on rarified Spirits, are in Watching, and 
the feveral kinds of De/iria. 

I have given JgathinU'S^s Experience, 
That Cold Baths will procure good Reft, 
and the fame EfFeft we obferve after Bath- 
ing in Rivers, 

Ter unStus 

Tranfranto Tyberim fomno quibtu efi oftis dto. 

Horace lib. 2. Ser. Satyr. 1 . 

and if thereby reft can be procured, the 
Cold Bath will prove ufeful in curing Mad- 
nefs, wherein that is always wanting. Mer^ 
curidu informs us, That he cured a Wo- 
man of a Furor uterhus^ in which they oft 
drown themfelves, by a Cold Bath ; and he 
defcribes it thus, EH apfetitus venereum cum 
uteri ardore & delirio ; de vemre loquufitur^ 
^ tanquamfuria quadam agitantur. I once 
difcourfed with Dr. Tyfon^ about curing 
JMadnefs by Cold Baths ; and he informM 
me, That he had ufed it fuccefsfully in a 
Woman who defigned to drown herfelf, 
Celfus advifes for curing the Madnefs called 
Hydrophobia^ to throw the Perfon into a 
Pond, that he may be forced to Drink ; and 
we commonly in ErtgUnd fend Ferfons bit 


I. Of Cold Baths. 

iby a Mad-dog to Bathe in the Cold Water 
of the Sea, which cools and purges. 
■ I have been informed of a Phrentick Fe- 
ver which was cured by Bathing the Head 
itwith Cold Water. And there are fbme 
Authors, who advife the putting them io- 
*o Water. 

Not only (having the Head, but mode- 
rately Bathing of it, mav bcufefut to the 
•Maniacli, and the fomenting the Head 
with Vinegavand Water, was pj-tftifed by 
"fome Phyficians; and fince Cold Baths 
Cool, Swear, and caufeRert, they Teem a 
■true Specifick for the Maniack, which far- 
,ther Experience may fully confirm. I have 
tnet with fome Inftances of Perfons in the 
•mall Pox, wlio cured their Frenzy by 
leaping into Cold Warer. 
» 2. All the hot Windinefs of the Spirits 
rtquire Cold Baths, fuch are thofe of the 
Epileptick Vertigo, Convulfions, Hyfte- 
^k or Hypochondriack Suftbcations, Pal- 
pitation of the Heart, CkortA SAnCHFiti, 
Chincough, Hiccougli. 

1 have given a cafe out of Hippccrates^ to 
prove Cold Baths to be ufefultothe Hypo- 
chondriack : And one of the Cures menti- 
oned above, was in an Hyfterick Woman. 
* i to Convulfions, or Sprains, Hippocrates 
his Aphorifms. mentions mttrrf/^To, as 

1 «Tamo^«°f * jbV a ho -^y b« 


Of Cdd Baths. 


Parts afFefted, He commends the Sea- 
water, or the confuetudo frigidi U'vacri^ 
atmt ffeuchroiuftitm Appe!Ui3t. lam certain 
lohot Regimen can be proper forthe Afth- 
na, but the Cold is very ufefuU viz, to 
Irink Water in a Morning, to ihave oft, 
wafh the Head every Morning, and 
% Cold Bath once in a Month or fourteea 

As to the Orirogoao/j, CxH^ commends 
the Pfeuchrolufu for- it : And in the Pria^if- 
mtifj he advifcs the fame Method as in the 
^ifeafes of the Bladder, which are to Drink 
iod Wafh in the JHfula , which hath 
^he Stypticity of Alum; but in the Difeafes 
)f theSkone, headvifes to ufe either Salt, 
IT nitrous Water, qu-t potanii^, & /avacro 

For the Tympany, Ctlius advifes thus, 
ddhibendi nxtnlh marilma^ vet aqaarum 
Uaraiittm : He efteems it a Species of the 
iifeafcs depending on an Erapneamaiojis ; 
ad in this Cafe he advifes Sweating alfo, 
phich may be effciled after Cold Bathing, 
ind is proper m all Calcs in which theSe- 
urn abounds: 
Cold Water poured largely upon any 
part afFefted with a Tetanus cures it ; therc- 
"pre Cold Baths are ufcfuL in the fame Cafe; 
|id in the Gout^ and other Pains tliere is 
L 4 an 

146 Of Cold Baths. PartL 


an Inflation of the Membranes, for which 
Cold Baths are proper. 

Seneca^ as appears by his 56th Epiftle, 
was fubjeft to the JFthma^ which he calls 
Sufpiriumj for which he u(ed a Geftation 
for his Exercife, cum ex aliqua can fa fpiri- 
tus denftor erat. He defcibes it thus, Bre- 
ws valde & frocelU fifnilis inepus eft intra 
horamfere dtfwitj altud quicquid eft agrotare 
hoc animam agere. And ^tis very probable 
that he ufed Cold Bathing for it, Epift. 
54. Memor artificii met veteris mind m^ in 
fnarCj quomoae ffeuchrolutum decet gaufapa* 
tus. See Epift. 83. Jb hac fatagatione 
magis quam exerciattorie in frigidam decendi. 
By this Inftance *tis plainly proved, that 
Jfthmaticks ufed Cold Baths in Italy^ where 
C^elfus Jurelianus^ or Soranus^ adviled their 

Biccius commends Cold Baths againft 
the Poyfon of the Juice of Mandrake, 
which has an opiate Faculty ; and this hint 
ought to excite Phyficians to inquire how 
far, and on what account Cold Baths can 
help the Poifon of Opiates. 

In Sleep, the Spirits return inward to 
tlie Vrimd via^ to help Digeftion and the 
Periftaltick Morion; they alfo leave the Ex- 
terior Mufcles, Membranes, and Senfes, 
to fupply a greater vigour to the Mufcle 
pf the Heart, whereby Nutrition and Dif- 


Of Cold Baths. 


(Iribution of the new Chyle, and Sanguifi- 
^'tarion, is very much promoted ; the refpira- 
tory Organs then alfo have their Motion 
continued in Sleep, becaufe they alfo pro- 
^'niote the motion and mixture ofourHu- 
tiours. The Eifefts then of all Opiates, 
nuft be to draw the Animal Spirits from the 
External Scnfes and Parts into the inward 
'Jerves, to promote the Periftaltick Mociob, 
She Puliation of the Heart, and the Refpi- 
fration. 'Tis certain, that the immediate 
lEfftfts of Opiates are firft in the Stomach, 
jind vomiting them up immediately cures 
hem; and 'tis as certain, that Opiates 
vork on the Stomach by their naufeous 
litternefs, and Acrimony and Fetid Smell; 
his naufeous Taltgivei a pingiog Faculty 
SaUjiam Ligupfum, Tabaco, Mirahile 
VeruvUnum, and after [he llupifying Ef- 
fcftsofthe Opiates are over, they oft vo- 
nit in the Morning, which is occafioned by 
[ihe naufeous Bittcrucfs, (Opiates being (li- 
ny as well as bitter) and the Foetor and the 
""Acrimony of the Opiate pafTes into the 
Nerves, which are next to it, viz. thofe 
of the Stomach, Heart, and Diaphragm, 
which are about the Mouth of the Stomach, 
and in them they caufe a pieafanc Senfari- 
on, which as Dr. 'Jones has ingenioufly de- 
fcribed in Jiis Myjlery of Op/arej^ caufes a 
Relaxation of r!ie Exicrior Parts and Senfes. 



Of Cold Baths. 

That this Senfation may be imputed to a 
Dilirium is probable, becaufe all Opiates in 
great Dofes produce fuch EfFe£ts ; for fuch 
is the Effe£i of CUata^ Henhaae, Poppy, 
in hot Conftitutions, and SoUnamffiriofumj 
and Mandrake. And Hippocrates tells us. 
That they who are hurt in any Part, and 
feel no Pain, are certainly diftempered in 
their Minds, and the Infenfibility of Pain, 
Thirft, and Evacuations, are the known 
Effe£ls of Opiates. 

Mandrake is defcribcd to be naufcoufly 
Bitter and Fetid, which produces a Fcetor 
in the Body, Madnefs, intolerable Itching 
and Burning in the Skin, Red Eyes, Tu- 
mid Face, Drinefs in the Mouth, Sadnefs, 
Dulnefs, Languor; thefe Symptoms may 
be relieved by Cold Baths, which promote 
the Perfpiration of the Foster, and excite 
the Stupidity by affefting violently the out- 
ward Senfes; they cool the Itching and 
Burning in the Skin, the inflamed Eyes, 
tli^ naufeoufnefs of the Stomach, andfleepy 
Languor of Spirits ; and this Effeft ought 
tQ oblige us to inquire farther, how far 
Cold Batlis may be proper for jlcepy Dif* 
eafes, of which kind the Apoplexy, Le- 
thargy, and Incubus may be reckoned, and 
the bleepinefs preceding Fits of the Mother, 
and.otlier Convulfions, If the Apoplexy, 
Palfy, and Lethargy have Rhcumatick 
Blood, . 

part I, Of Cold Baths. 1 4 9 

IJBIood^ and very Sizy, upon that account 

ICold Baths after fufficient Evacuation by 

f pleed'mg, Vomiting, Purging, may excite 

I the Stupid, and promote the Motion both 

k of Vifcid Spirits and Siz,y Blood ; And 'tis 

[ not to be thought a Paradox, that Cold 

r Saths fhould be proper for the Apoplexy, 

rjRnce'tis fo ufefut for the Falfy, and Cures 

Icerrainly all the Species of it, which are 

I|nentioned above ; to which may be added, 

l^ePalfy of the Eyes, the Flux of Tears, 

IWeaknefs of the Lips, Ldpfuf Seminis^ 

l^trofhia Nervi/ia, Paify of tlie Diaphragm, 

iLungs, Guts, Oefophayiiff Stomach, FeMu, 

f #nd prevents fudden E>eatli, which Hippo- 

\erd$es calls thePalfy of the Heart. 'Tisob- 

tyious toar^ue, if Cold Baths can Cure all 

Ijjhefc EfTc^s ot an Apoplexy, which we 

Ifall different Species of the Paifics, why 

nay wc not believe they may Cure the 

ftupor in the Head and Limbs ? Ctlias vc- 

y much commends the Allf$il.t^ which are 

Cold Waters, and Swimming in the Sea 

pr all Palfics. 'Tis certain, That Hoc 

laths when ufed by young, orhotPara- 

bticks, oft occafiona new Fit of the Apo> 

Hexy. The Sca-mcn cure their Sailors by 

prowing tliem into the Sea when they arc 

__Dead-drunk, whicli excites their ftupid 

Senfes, and makes them very fober. The 

drowfinefs in Apoplexies is from ftagnati- 


Of Cold Baths. 

on cf the Blood; but in Druiikenners and 
Convalfions, from the filling the Nerves 
with Serum; and in both thefc Cafes Cold 
Baths may be ufeful, becaufe they caufe 
the Stagnating Blood to move ; and they 
prevent Defluxion through the Nerves, 
which happen in Afthma's, Hylterick Fits, 
Convulfions, ac which time the Sleepinefs 
oppreffes the Spirits. At the end of all De- 
fluxions, CV/«/ advifes the change of the 
Air, and the ufs of Common Water to 
Drink, and to foment the Head; and fince 
all Hot Baths, Hot Wines, Hot Fumes, 
produce Defluxions, and incrcafe them, it 
ieems very rarional. That Cold Baths as 
well as vvafhing the Head, will prevent 
them. Inall Catarrhs the Rheum ispulh- 
ed through the Glands, about the Mouth, 
Tliroar, Head, Neck, and wafliing the 
Head prevents the Defluxion of the Serum 
that way by conftraining the Glands. 
And for this EfFed I can rely on Celfus, as 
well as common Experience, which affures 
us, That Hoc Baths weaken the Head, 
and that Cold Water ftrcngthens it : Dc- 
fluxioHj depend on EiFervefcencies, Ephe- 
mera's or Putrid Fevers. An^Gden has 
obferved that what Fevers are cured by 
Bafhingi are cured rather by the help of ^ 
tord Wafhing, than by the not temperate 

Baths, or after thefe the Fcveridi ought to 
defccnd into the Cold Baths. 

Pdultu advifes Cold Baths for the Dim- 
,nefs of Sight, which depends on a Defluxi- 
on through the Nerves; and if the Eyes 
be opened in the Water, he fays, they 
will be confiderably ftrengthened thereby. 

Calias blames Diodes Tor recommending 
*he Pfeuchroiufia in the Ulcer of the Lungs, 
which thougli it cannot be cured thereby, 
yet the Heflick may be helped in forae 
meafure; and Cold Baths will prevent 
Impofthumations, and theTumourswhich 
preceed the Phthifick, after due Evacuati- 
ons, and mixed with the method for curing 
Defluxions. The reafon why they are noc 
good for the Tabid, is, becaufe they will 
pinder ExpeQoration, and promote Loofc- 

CMsai advifes, after the Cure of Spitting 
Blood, Iiieunda Coi^fueiadofrigidi Uvacri i 
therefore Cold Bailiing will prevent all Hae- 

Cxlius com m ends Cold Baths for prevent- 
iqg the Gout, fuch as tlie Cotili^ and Al- 
iaU in fiilj, Dabit tnim dli'ti integram fani- 
tatem, alii s rarxm dolor it admonitionem. 

The old Athh-i.e bathed in Cold Water 

roft, to prevent any unchaftDefircs, they 

King generally forbid the ufe of Women, 


Of Cold Bath. 

and the (ame is proper for natural Polluci- 

Ail Innammatory Pains which depend on 
fizy Blood, fuch as tliofc of the Rhcuma- 
tifm. Pains of the Hars, Eyes, Limbs, 
Teeth, Head, arc certainly relieved by 
Cold Batlis. 

All Pains depending on fait or corrofive 
Humours, fuch as the Gout, Stone, Stran- 
gury, arc relieved by Cold Baths: The . 
Pains of tlic King's Hvil and Cancer, have 
not yet been tried. 

C'e/fm commends Cold Baths for the 
Jaundice in Summer, fo that we may by 
this obfervc, how much they promote the 
Secretion of Humours thro' the Glands. 

Select informs us, That tlie Romans 
waflied their l-tgs and Arms every Day; 
but tlicy wafheii their liody all over only 
on their Nundinx , wliicli was every 
ninth Day : and this Cullom we may well 
imitate, becaufe of the Changes of the 
Moon happening once in fourteen Days. 
By this ninth Days wafhing in the Sum- 
mer time, all Defluxions of Humours and 
other Alterations depending on the Moon 
will be prevented, efpecially if we wafh 
every Day the Head, as well as the Arms 
and Legs, tlicBody will be thereby kept 
very cool. 


telT Of Cold Baths. 



The Spring ufcd at Rome^ was that call- 
ed K;r^(?, which was very Cold, and in 
that they bathed after Irot Baths, or mode- 
rate Ecxcrcife. 

Virgine visJoU lotas ntsre Aomiim, 

I find in Dr. Lei^h^s Hirtory o( Ld/ict- 
\/hiref fomc PalTages relating to Cures done 
by Cold Baths: I think my rclf(and all 
our Country aifo is) obliged to him for them 
and many other curious Obfcrvations, with 
which his Books are filled, relating to 
Waters, Minerals, and Animals, dre. 

He tells us the mart rcm.nkable Cold 
Spring is at Sorhck in Lancajh:re ; and that 
upon the Immerfioii of the Hand into it, 
the Hand grows extreamly Red, and that 
a violent Pain is perceived in it, and that it 
is a Chalybeate Water; and that if a 
Thermometer be fulpcnded in it for half an 
Hour, tlie Spirit in it will fubfide an Inch- 
If the Spirit will fubfide an Inch, that 
fhews how much the Animal Spirits may 
fubfide by Cold, as well as be comprcfTed 
by the weight of Cold Water upon Bathing 
in it. Our ordinary Barometer fubfides in 
our Climate upon the Changes of Weather 
near three Inches ; and that fliews how 
much the Alterations of Weather ufually 
change the Ratifications of our Humours 


in Air, or Climate ; and if ux defign to for- 
lify oiir felvcs againll: Cold, which com- 
prefTes, and incur Climate alters our Blood 
and Spirits,we muft always keep themcom- 
prefled by Cold Baths: for in Cold Cli- 
mates, about Eighty one Degrees frorn the 
jEqaator, the before-mention'd Doftor in- 
forms us, That the Barometer alters not 
above hflif an Inch by the Changes of Wea- 
ther; therefore in Cold Climates the Hu- 
mours ought to be conftantly kept compref^ 
fed, and the Air lodged in them condenfed : 
So on the contrary in the Climates near the 
Line, the Barometer ali<:^rs little, there the 
Air is moft rarified, and the Air in the 
Blood ought there to be always kept in a 
rarified State, and not to be over compref- 
fed by a Cold Regimen. In our Country, 
which lies betwixt the A'ortJj and South, the 
Alteration of the Air, and its condenfation 
by Cold is more than its Rarification by 
Heat ; therefore fince Cold exceeds the 
Heat, we muft adjuf} our Air in our Hu- 
mours to the fame Temper, and keep our 
felves more cold than hot; forthc hotter 
wekeepour fclves, the more we fuffer by 
any Cold that happens, as well as the al- 
teration of the prelTure of the Air, which. 
is very great in our Climates. For the 
Doftor tells us in Degree 45. the Barome- 
ter alters three Inches,but in 6o,two Inches,, 

Of Cold Baths. 


in 75, but one Inch; and in i^fromche 
Line, one Inch; and in jo, two Inches. 
All tcndcrncfii fccms to depend on being 
[kept too hot, fothat we cannot bear the 
fenfc of our own Air, and this is only to ■ 
' ! cured by Cold Baths; and if we be af- 
fted by the Changes of Weather, that 
iippcns by the liffervcfccnces which arc 
icomotcd by the Alteration of the FrclTurc 
'the Air; which is beft prevented by 
wping the Humours cool, and of the fame 
ITemperasour Air^ for then they will eafily 
'condenfc and rarify with it, and not run in- 
to violent Ebullitions, if the Air beconne 
lighter, norbeomefiz,y iftooCold, or over 

The fame Author, P^ijie ^'\,cif Lib. 2. 
gives this Oblcrvation, In Leprous Diftem- 
pers, Scorbutick Klicumatifms, and the 
Rickets, and Scorbutick Atrophy, before 
the Hc£tick heat be too intcnfe, I have 
not known any Medicine to perform the 
Hffcfts which thefe Waters frequently do. 

In tile Leprofy, which he truly takes to 
be a Species of the Scurvy, Lib. 2. Puge 515. 
he commends Chalybeat Waters, Cold 
Baths, and an AbdinenccfromFlefh-meats, 
by which Dr. lUynArd recovered his Pati- 
ent from the Leprofy , when Bath-watei s 
and Salivation did not fucceed. 

If Cold Baths are proper for the Scur- 
vy, and Confumption, tlien they are ufe- 

Of Cdd Baths. Pa: 

ful in the feveral Species, and Complicati- 
ons of them with oilier Difeafes. 

The Scurvy is complicated with He- 
micranias, Fains, Dropfy, jaundice, \J\-^ ' 
ce\-5, Vertigo, Afthma, Convulfions, &c. 
and in all thefe for the Scorbutick Hu- 
mour, whitli is Salfo-acid, Fetid, Acrid, 
Bitter, Bilious, and lilfc their Urine, which 
is bitterifli, fetid, andlixivial; in all which 
Cold Baths are ufeful. Under the name 
of the Scurvy, divers Uifeafcs are compre- 
hended, bccaufc we may obferve in it the 
Comphcation ofDivtrs Cacochymias. 

On the Acrid, Sale, or Corrofive Hu- 
mours, depend the Corrofion ot'the Teeth 
and Gums-, tlie excclTive Pruritus in the* 
Skin, the Diarrhsea, Coughs, Sweat, Atro- 
phy, Confumption, and Lixivial Urine; 
On the Vifcidity ot'the Blood, the Hemi- 
crania, Inflammations, Fains in the Skin, 
Limbs, Teeth, 'ionfits, and all Fuftulcs; 
depe^d. n 

On the Putrefadion of Humours, tliei 
pEtor of the Mouth, the Spots in the Skin, 
Putrid Spits, Scorbutick Ulcers, Gangrenesj; 
Morphew, Scurl^ Lepra, Hemorrhagit 
by Dyfentcry, Hemorrbagies by the NofCf 
Vomiting, Coughing, and by the Gums. 

On the Flatulent Cacochymia, all tl 
Symptoms in the Nerves depend, Convatt 
five Motions, Trembling, Stupor, Bea^ 


Of Cold Baths. 


[ iog, Vermiculacions, Coldneis, Numbneft, 

IPalfy, Erratick-Pains, C/jorea Sanlti Fiti^ 

IColick, Aftlima, Epilepfy, Vertego, Hy- 

Ipociiondriackand Hyftcrick Cafes. I have 

numerated all ihefe Symptoms of the Scur^ 

to fhew in how many Cafes Cold 

iBaths may beufed for the Scurvy, and that 

where it agrees with the Cacochyima, it 

11 generally agree with all the Difeafes 

sending on it. By the feveral Cacochy- 

j's mentioned in the Scurvy, we may 

bferve, that Authors call all the Hot Caco*- 

hymias, the Acrid, the Bitter, the Vifcid, 

ialfo-acid ; the Acid, and Putrid, the Scot- 

'[ Humours. 

' Confumptions depend ondivers Difeafes, 

h as Evacuations, tlaor alhus^ DiarrhdSf 

thfes. Scurvy, Rheumatifms, Stone, 

■out, Afthraa, Chiorofn, Rickets, Surfeits, 

norrhagies, Obltrufl:ions, &c. And 

yhere the Original Difeafe will admit of 

Cold Baths, there they muft be ufed to 

ure the Heftick ; and fince theConl'ump- 

^ve have always a Sizy and Salt Blood, for 

1 alfo Cold Baths are ufeful to correft 

b Cacochymia's. 

Since Hot Baths propagate Infeftion, 

[why may we not try^cold ones to prevent 

" it ? lofeftious Difeafes are very rare m Cold 

Countries, and the Hot Blood is fooner in- 

rcclcd in Children, than the Cold in Old 

M 3 Men. 

Men. Hot Baths occaHon Faintnefs ; there- 
fore Cold Baths by keeping in the Spirits 
ftrengthen them. 

By all the Particulars mentioned, I have 
proved that Cold Baths are proper Speci- 
ficks or Antidotes againil Opiates, and flee- 
py Diftempers, for which they arc effec- 
tual Anti-hypnoticks againft Defluxions, 
Inflammations, Pains, the beft Preferva- 
tives and Anodynes; they are alfo good 
Aiiti-Phthificks, Anti-Storbuticks, Febri^ 
fuges, Anti-Rheumaticks, Anti-Rachiticks ; 
and in a word, the beft and only efFeSual 
Cephalicks, Anti-Paraly ticks, and Anti-- 
Convulfives, Diureticks and Sudori6cksy 
&c. I think I have need to fay no more of 
Common Cold Baths, but will give fome 
Charaftcr of two other Cold Baths, which 
I met with in the old Writers, viz,, thofc 
of Sea- Water or Nitrous Springs. 

Since we live in an IHand, and have 
the Sea about us, we cannot want an ex-' 
cellent Cold Bath, which will both pre- 
ferve our Healths, and cure many Difeafcs, 
as our Fountains do. > 

Swimming in the Sea is commended by 
Aritem for the Cold Pains in the Head. By 
Mtius for tlie ftoppage in the Nofe, and 
lofs of Smelling, if weufeitconftamly. By 
Ctljus and Antiliuj for the Dropfy, Scab, 
Leprofy, and Spots in the Skin or any De- 

■iiu I . fluxion 


I. Of Cold Baths. 

fluxion on the Legs, or any other Part, 
and for the Atrophy. C^Uus AurelUnus 
commends it for the Palfy, the weaknefs 
of the Stomach, the Jaundice, Spleen, Ob- 
flruftions or the Cacheftick, and in Pains 
of the Head , and Epilepfy. Jrijiotle 
obferves, That the Sea will much better 
carry the weight of our Bodies than Com- 
mon Water, and he fays it is more whole- 
ibme, and that it caufcs a greater expence 
ofHumourthan riding in a Coach; it makes 
the Body lean, ftrengthens, heats, and at- 

I have fufficiently enumerated the Bene- 
fits of Cold Baths ; and that I might pre- 
vent Inconveniences, I will mention the 
Injuries done by them. 

'Tis obferved by JmillM^ That all fort of 
Swimming offends the Head, the Circula- 
tion of the Blood being outwardly checked, 
it is forced inwards for the prefent ; thisi$ 
to be prevented by laying a wet CothocJ 
Night-Cap on the Head, or wetting thai^* 
firif, and diving under Water, 

Cold Baths fometimes procure Deafnefs , 
which may be prevented by flopping the 
£ars, or uHng them lefs, and not too fro- 
guently, nor flay in too long at any time. 

An excefs in Cold Bathing occafions 
Cramps, Horror, and Fevers ; all thefe ar* 
prevented by flaying in them no longer 

M J ch^n 

i6o Of Cold Baths. Parti. 

than we can bear theSenfation of the Cold 
Water without exceflive Chilnefs, and to 
ufe Friflion before or after; thefe Inconve- 
niences the RomaTJS prevented by Friftion 
and XJnftion, which heats the Body, and 
by heating the Body with moderate Exer- 
cife before. 

The fame Errors may happen in the ufe 
ofCoid Baths, as in the Hot Baths; they 
may be ufed in unfeafonahle Weather ; and 
in very cold Weather Cold Baths cannoC 
be convenient, but from ^"»e to September 
they may fafely be ufcd. Cold Baths may 
be ufed as well as Hot Baths in proper Ca- 
fes: Cold Baths agree only with Hot Con- 
ftitutions, and not with Cold, nor tn de- 
payed, weak Spirits, and very old Ferfons, 
nor after Excrcife and great Laffitude, nor 
during great Inflammations affeding the 
inward I'arts, as in Pleurifies, PhthiGck?, 
Colicks, nor after great Surfeits, and full 
Meals, andin Convulfions. 
To prevent thefe Inconveniences, let every 
Perfon confuft fome Pliyfician, who may 
better krtow his Conftirution, the Nature 
ofthe Difeafc, the proper time for ufing 
Cold Bsth^, and may firft life all proper 
Methods of inward Mfedicines, and aftet 
them ufe Cold Baths, S'ecundum artemy^tA 
not Empirically. ' ' 

Of Cold Baths. 


We may abufe CoM Baths by going into 
them when too Hot, and by ufing them too 
frequently, or flaying in them too long, or 
by holding the Head under the Springs, 
or bucketing the Body, orBreaft, or Wear- 
ing wet Linen after them all Day. For 
Example of thefe Misfortunes, let all Per- 
fbns refleft on Atexmier Oe^ohirbasy and 
Young Maree/lujy among the Ancients, 
who received Injury by Cold Baths. And 
Suetonius tells Us, That both the Vef- 
pa(ia»s died at t!ic Cold Waters at Cutilia. 
But Pliny commends thefe Nitrous Waters 
for the Stomach, Nerves, Joints. And 
Ce/fiis commends them in the Refolution of 
the Stomach and Atrophy. And yitruvi- 
us commends them for the Struma. Buc 
to prove tliat there is a proper Ufe to be 
made of Cold Baths, I muft refer the Rea- 
der to the Hiltory of Augufus in Suetoniuj^ 
to FIi»/s Natural Hiftory, to Horace adVa- 
Urn ; to SemcA in his EpUHes, who calls 
himfelf Pjeuchroloutei\ to Pliny's Epiftles, 
Lih. 2. Epi(i. 17 who defcribcs his Baths, 
Inde liiheicelU frigidaria^ fpAtiofaj & effujity 
cuj/is in contrartt! paneiihus duo lidpti/hri^ 
1/slat ejeclAfiisanntury ibunde capaciaf/taatir 
o»e in proximo cogites^ adjscet ttniiorium^ hj- 
pQcaup^iim^ ^dyuet proptgneum Bainei, max 
da.t celU mxgii elegantes qaam fumptuofti. 

Spe more of tins in the Fifth Book. See 
M 4 Diogenti 



Diogenes Luertius in his Life of PlatOy where 
Euripides^ who accompanied him into jf^yft 
was cured by Bathing in the Sea, to which 
the Prieft advifed. From hence the Ufe 
of Cold Baths was firft learnt by the Greeks^ 
and Hippocrates might learn it here, as 
well as from the Scythnns. Moft part of the 
Grecian Art of Pnyfick came from yhgjfty 
which had a Fhyfician for every Difeafe, ex- 
cept thofe of Cliildren; and their Diftem- 
persare moft dcfcribed by the Grecia/t Wri- 
ters, fuch as the Rickets, the Small-Pox, 

Since by Hot Baths, Wjne, Eating, Ex- 
ercife, and all other things we ule, we 
may receive good by a prudent, moderate, 
reafonable Uieof them, and great Mifchiefs 
by an unfeafonable, improper, diforderly 
Abufe; foldefireall Perfons would think 
of the proper and improper Ufe ot Cold 
Baths. They may preferve our Healths, 
and cure many Difeafes, if ufed according 
to the Ancient and Modern Art of Cold 
Bathing; or el fc do great Mifchef by un- 
skilful, imprudent Management, as I have 
obferved in fome Patients, who the firft 
Year went with good Advice, and after fit 
Evacuations and Alterations, to Cold Baths, 
and there received great Benefit ; but by 
going unadvifedly the fecond Year, and 
irufting to their own Experience, found 

m^^- * 

Of Cold Baths. i6j 

Kany Inconveniencies to happen to them, 
hich would have been avoided by a pro- 
g:r ufe of fpecifick Remedies, and good 
vacuation, if they had been prefcHbed 
kfore their fecond Year'sUfe of Cold Baths, 
No Remedies, though never To good, can 
^ve a certain good EfTefl, unlefs ufed ia 
►roper Circumltances, as to Time, Dofe, 
IJuantity, and in proper Conftitutions and 
[)ifeaies; and if thefe beobferved in the 
Ufe of Cold Baths, I know all Mankind 
will allow that I have proved what I de- 
fign, That Cold Baths are both fafe and 
Ufeful, for prefervingour Healths, and cu- 
ring our Difeafes. 

Ptulas Mgineta commends Cold Baths, 
but gives this good Advice, to ufe an eicaft 
piet, and convenient Exercife \ the Diet, 

f 'ought not to be too hoc, becaufe that will 
breed Acrid Humours, which being kept 
In the Body by Cold Baths, may occafioa 
fome prejudice to our Healths, thereforo 
we mud ufe a Cool Diet, whilll^ we ufe 
cool Baths ^ but immediately after Cold 
Bathing, we may take fome Cordial Li- 
quors, as Ale, or Wine, if we be very Chill. 

Moderate Exercife is alio necelfary in 
Cold Bathing, not only to warm the Body 
ibefore and after it, but at other times to 
^fcufs hoc Vapours retained in the Blood. 

Orol>afiui taidQ bis Compendium of G^ 

1*4 Of Cold Baths. 


ten's Phyfick, fay he Command of^uiia» 
the Emperor, w h was made O/ir, Mn. 
Chr. J 57. J€«a/ was his Contemporary, 
and I have quoted him for Cold Bathing. 
TrdKUnus writ after thefc ; he alfo approves 
of Cold Baths in Melancholick Cafes, Con- 
etdendum at mn modo in eslido fotioy fed, etism 
frigidx Ubro diutius immoretar.»eu writ laft of all, Jn. Chr. 420. 
and his Judgment I have given already 
concerning Cold Bathing, and his Cautions 
I gave about it. I have mentioned all 
thcfe Phyficians to fliew, That Cold Ba- , 
thing was the general Paftice at Rome from 
the Time of Muja, in the 20th oSJa^uftai*s 
RcigOt till v^/WM*i Time, which is near 
400 Years in that Empire. And fince the 
cureof "bifeafes by Cold Baths wasgene- 
rally pradifed by all People, as well as their 
Emperors, that prafltce of Cold Bathing 
mnft needs come witli the reft of the Roman 
Cuftoms unto us, and certainly remained 
among the Hrttaws when the Romans \eh 
this Inc. The Smxoks^ who fucceedcd the 
Rqtftgxs, brought inthsGerman Cuftom of 
Wafliing in Rivers for the preferving of 
iheir Healths, and that made them receive 
the Baptifma! Immerlion in Rivers and 
Fountains, without any fcruple ; and *tis 
probable, that on thefe the firft Chriftians 
tflfiporedthe Name of their Saints, and Re- 
<:>'* ligion 


Srtt. Of Cold Baths. 


BigioD taught the Heathens to change the 
Wames of their Springs, and dedicate them 
ko the Chriftian Saints, which for their 
great Cures were formerly dedicated to the 
Dxmons. So t^/rgo, the famous Spring ^ 
tt Rome^ which was dedicated to DUr/a^ 1 
<vzs afterwards "confecrated Di'v.e Mariit 
Virgini, as the Learned Bitecius affirms. 

The C«///rf were famous among the RO' 1 
vtaa rhyficians. They werecold Nitrous I 
Waters, and were ufed both in Dnnhing j 
and Bathing for the Gout, Stone, Inflam- t 
tiiation in the Eyes, the King's Evil, all | 
Hot Dcfluxions, and to ftrengthen the Sto- ' 
mach. We Iiave a great Quantity of thcfc J 
Waters in En'>_iind, and out of them we ] 
Jpiay contrive Cold Caths, for the Diftem- 
" ers mentioned. Celfus and C.vltas Aureli' 
y»»jmadc ufeoffuch Cold Baths in many 
Difeafcs, and we cannot well cure fome 
Difeafes without tlicm. The bittci' Salt 
made out offiich Waters, fecms to be the 
true Nitre of the Ancients, which they 
made out of Springs by Decoftion, or the 
•Heat of the Sun, and their Nitrous \ya- 
ters are dclcribed to be bitter, rather than 
Salt, and rhcy are more bitter the lefs 
'inixt,(with Salt, Ahim, Vitriol, or Sul- 
phur) thcNitrewas. They f;\y, the Virtue. ' 
of the old Nitre was to purge by Urine and 
Stool, and that it had an Acrimony to open 
^Obftruftioos. And fince Dr. Grm\ pur^- 


1 66 Of Cold Baths. 

ing Salt has all thefe Qtialities, it is certain* 

1y the ancient Nitre as to its Phyfical Virtue. 

The JlhttU are oft mentioned by Cslius 
JurtiianuSj Gslen, ALttuSy and thefe were 
Aflringent and Salt, ofa mtld Heat; and 
inftead of thefe we may ufe Buxton as a 
temperate Bath in Rheumatick cafes, 
and the Stone, and Ulcers, and all Fluxes 
and Abortions, and for exciting Appetite. 
Cdiias defcribes the JlhuU frigid^ vtrtatis, 
pag. J JO. Solutione labor ant ibus vel jluore 
qu»rumlibet officiorum nAtufdium a veterihus 
ApjproprUt€. He advifcs the putting the Part 
afi):£ted under the Falls of Springs, which 
the Greeks call Catactyfrnus^ and that caufes 
great changes in Difeafes, 

That Purging Waters were uftd with 
Cold Bathing, is evident by the ufe of 
thefe Cold Nitrous Waters, both at the 
fame time for Bathing and Drinking^ and 
where wc want them, we may ufe the bit- 
ter purging Salt to prepare our felves for 
Cold Bathv. 

To thefe Cati/Uy the Romans ufed to go 
in the Summer as we do to Epfom, and 
there both the VefyafsA/is died. Of FUvius 
yefpaftan^ Suetonim tells us how he mifear- 
ried, and that creberrimo frigid^ a^ux ujity 
intefiins viiiajfet : And we may obferve 
chat fome of our Country-waters occaCon 
£)yi!i:atei'ics, when ufed tooofr. 



I think fit to recommend the Regimen of 
MtXMdir Siverujy a prudent Umpcror, to 
the prcfcnt Age, which Larffpridius thus 
defcribes: Firft in the Morning he dif" 
patchM all Publick Affairs, whether Civil 
or Military, afterwards he read the Grwi 
Authors, thenhcapphcd himfclf to Tome 
moderate Exercifc, fuch as Running, Uall- 
play, or Wrcftling, and afterwards bcii^ 
anointed, he bathed in Hot Bath:i rarely or 
never, but in his P//c/fl4 always, andflay'd 
n it near an Hour, and in the Mornmg 
i jalhng he drank Cold Water, about twen- 
ty Ounces; and after his Cold Bathing, 
hecat much Hread and Milk, Hgcs, MiiT- 
fiim ; and after thcfc he dined often, but 
rometimescat nothingtill Night. By this 
ufc of Cold Baths, he, like a Fhilofophcr, 
prepared his Body for his Studies, and hard- 
ened it for War; by this wife Method he 
lived to be old ; and (incc he came into En^- 
Und^ and conqueral his Enemies here, and 
at lart dyed at fur^t, we may very well con- 
clude, that this Method of ufing iCoId Baths 
was well known in En^Uad, and praflifcd 
here ever fince by the Old Bntatm, who 
oft on the account of Cold Bathing, fre- 
quented St. Wimfrtd'^ Well. All the Ac- 
count I can meet with, o( St. Wwifredy or 
%t. Moitgaby is contained in the following 

168 Of Cold Bath. Part 

Letter from a Learned Divine concerning 
thofe Saints, to whom our moft Eminertt 
Cold Baths were dedicated by Britainsoc 
the SMxofts, when Chriltianity was firit 
planted among them. 

Moft honoured Sir, 

I Have Uft Nighty and this Morrtitig^ httff 
turning over mi poor Study of Book$^ to 

find fomething of St. Mongah, Tim Ai- 

count } find of inm. -Hii true Name is 

Kencigern, And. he lived about the Year 560. 
aad was Bifbop of Glaicow in Scotland, 
Ibhence he tvas driven out hj the Pagan Saxons 

for ought licmfv. Hoireper he rvas driven 

oat 0} his own Country^ and fled to St, Ataph 
in Flintfhire, where he found Means to build 
d Monajiery betmen the Rivers Elwyd and 
"EXv/y^ fome time after he built n Church, and 
there flocked Abundance of Fcople to htm^ fo 
that hit Monafiery at Ufi Amounted to the num- 
ber of 660. tvhereof ^lis J'aid, 'i'hit he dp- 
fointed 300 that were utterly unlearned to 1 ill 
the Groundy and other Hmhandry H^ork^ And 
other Handicraft M^ork in the Manajlery^ &c. 
——His Church was frjl built of Timber^ and 
afterwards of Stone^ not without fome refifi- 
once of one Malgo or Maglocunus, a Britifh 
K/fgt dwelling then at Deganwy, -* dozen 
Miles offs^ but At lafi he gAve him liberty j and 

conjented hit Church jboald be *n Epifeofal See^ 
and withal hejtow'd feverai Ma^aors and Pri~ 
vileges upon ity S;c- This Kcntigern tvat. 
frji Bijhop herey and he i* fnid to he the Son 
fi/ Thanes, who ivm Duti^hier to hozhf /Qng. 
of the Pifts ; who his Father him, couUnevtr 
beknorvn : M^fiy Ignorant People there mrein 
old timey that thought that he jvm born of his. 

Mother^ tewg a pure l^trgin. Hosv long he 

lived here i»Fiint{hire « not known ^ hut he 
left his Bifboprtck to his Scholar Afaplj, from, 
whence it after had its Denomination of Se. 
I -Afaph^Mff^ called before Epifcopatus Elguen- 
rfis& Elv«nlls, from the Hiver Elwy, ai wm 
Jaid before,- But ^f I fatd^ Kentigein 
at lajl had leave to return into Scotland, to 
his former Btfbopritk of Giafcow, and lived 
(tu the Legend and other Accounts fny^ if rve 
fan believe them) to the Age of 185 Tears. 
Could it be proved that he bathed himfetf in 
Cold Watery it would he a noble Inflame to 
yourpurpofe? But jou will fay what haihKen-^ 
tigern to do with St. Mongihy fen- fo it the 
true Name f I anfmery That Kentigcrn was 
Scholar to ScrvanuSj Bijbop of the Orcades^ 
or the IJlands of Orkney, and iniirely beloved 
of hinty tnfomuchy that he would fitll call him 
Mongah ; that m in the Norifli Tonguey or 
Tongue there fptkeny a dear Friend, or Dear- 
ly t^loved. Of Servanus / could ffty 

norcy but this may fuffice : So that by this 


tntir/fy Kentigern heame mofi eommonly 
knofVH i» theje t'ounfries hy the Name of Moa- 
gah, M Chryfoftom, aW othersy have been 
mponfuch account S:, whofe true Name tvas John, 
and the Name of Chnyfoftom, or Golden 
Tongue, given him for hu Eloquence^ fothat 
now that if the Name mofi commonly he is 
known hy. 

I cannot find any where he did any Miraeies 
at thefe Wells you mention^ hut it rvas a com- 
mon thing to dedicate Wells, &c. foSaintSy 
who never had been there^ even by the Account 
the Legend gives of them. . I know khumdanct 
0^ Chad- wells, rvhere Chad is never fuffofed 
to have been \ the Virtue they might have by 
Prayers or Dedication^ as was common^ to dedi- 
cate Churches to them ; but if there be any thing 
more than this, and the Legend mentions any 
f articular Ble/jing the Wells had from his Pray- 
ers, there is a full Account to he had, as I find 
among Archbifbop UflierV A/ AX w Dublin 
Library^ vita Tanfti Kentigerni, Cod. 19 j. 

Capgrave, / fapfofe, hath fame accot/at 

o^ him in Catal. five Legend. Sanftorum 
Bdic. Legend. 1516, fol. and his it but an 
ExtraEi out of a targe Work imire in the Cot- 
ton Library, Tib. E. i. MS. 

Since my Writing, J find a large Account 
(j^jWw wUQierVPrimordia, pag. (58i,c^». 
of ray Edit. 4°. Mine is not the bejl, hut of 
hit otfH Publifbing 1 ffffofe the MS. 1 

Of Cold Baths. 


meationedift the HuhXyn Lihrarjf is Johanes 

Tiinniuthenfis, or JolmiJ^Tinmouth ; ani 
Ufher hath given a Urge Ah^n^ out ofhim^ 

vinefft^^ Ifuppofe all that it in him. Here 

fie is made go to Rome to Convert fame of the 
"pagan Saxons. The Account of hit being 

^iven from Glafcow « nt Urge repeated^ flee. 

mt mthing of hit Miracles at thefe IVeSs, as 

^ CM fad. 
Concerning St, Winifred^ Wellf the Legend 

i well known^ that jhe being a Chaji Virgin^ 

rould not yield to the Imbraces of one Caro- 

'doft, Lord of North- Wales, tvho cut of 

her Heady &c. 1 fuppofejoa knotv the Legend 

well enough ; this they (ay was in ^44,-^ 

iffoy the Virtue of the Water mufl have its 
rife from that time; bat there's ajhrewdOb- 

jeBion sgainfi thit Tradition. For Giral- 

dus Cambrenfis, an admirable Scholar for his 
timt^ who lived in the time o/Henry II. that is, 
about 1 2Q0. for he lived long \ He^ i f'Vi ^ 
Welfhman, took a Joarftey into all Parts of 
Wales, and is mighty particular in the Account 
of all the AlbieSj and miraculous things efpeci- 
alljfy and fometimes fays more than is true ; yet 
he makes no mention of this mir&cuolusWeS^ 

»or any thing relating to it It is to be ob^ 

ftrved, he faysj he lay one Night at Bafing- 

werk, rvhich « but half a Mtle from thefe 

i^tSs. But it it rAttonally fiippofed that the 

I JMbaij o^Bafingwcrk, (which Abby tvasfouK' 

M about A hundrtd Tears after Girafdus,) 

Of CM Baths. 

framed all theff Legends for their own ends.—^-^\ 
Sec Dr. Poivei m his his Aiinot, toGirald, 
Camh. at large. 

1 have given you, my Honoured Coun- 
try-men, all the Kxperimems I could col' 
Ic^ bath from the Ancients and Moderns,- 
and have nothing lartlicr toadd, but an' 
Anfwcrto ihc Vulgar Objcdtion, thatoiiT* 
Country is too cold torCold Batlis; to whicl^ 
I have already in part anfwcrcd, by menti- 
oning the liathing at St. A/H«^oand /Y*{r-^ 
we//y which is yet conlbntlypraftilcd. And^ 
I will add, that ('.ef^r in hisCommcntariw 
tells, that the old BntAint went almoft na-' 
ked, and painted their IJodics to afirightf 
their Enemies. He farther fays, Thatthtf 
S«ft/iand o\(\ Cirrmans, (from whence at' 
icrwards our Saxon Race came ) had n< 
other Cloathing but Skins ; and tliat in theil 
Cold Coxmuy^l'yomtfcai- ftnminibui ferium 
tttr^ and that moft of tlicir Bodies were uij 
covered. ^ 

Buchanan in his Scotch Hiflory tcHs U| 
That the Pi(:U went nalicd, and naintei 
chcir Codies, and that the Scotch Ulandcri 
rtccp upon the Snow, or malic thcmfelvcs' 
Bed-: oi'Heaih, with the Flowery ends tip- 
wards, wliicb, Muliiiif cfim flumx cerHnt, 
falubrisaie crrtefapi-rant, omntbus non trtgH'- 
gentU mode in caUitris^ fed ajfei'iatio incuiti 
horroriSf & dtiritii fuwrna efi. He farther 
itlls us, That the Inhabitants of the Oretif* 

Of Cold Bathf. 17^ 

prefervc the Vigour, Beauty, and Large- 
LaefsoftlKirBody, as well asHoaltli inrlnrir 
£Wind, by their obferving th«ir old H.iilirno- 
, and that their If;norancc of the nice 
I luxurious ways of Living, conduced 
..ore for prefervina their Health, than any 
Medicinal Art. When the Northtra Na- 
tions had taught the /<pW4»i the ufeofCohl 
Bithing, by tho frequent experience they 
found among thcin, Hot Baths began i(* 
be difufcd towards G(ilsn\ time ; anu /.iw- 
priMitt tells us, Thai: /tUxander Sevrrit* 
LTcly bathed in Hot Baths, but almoll al- 
Bysin zPiJUhm. 'Jha fume Author gives 
I Account of Helh^Aifslus, wlw nlcd to 
plour his Ftfciud with Saffron and preci- 
K Oyntmcnt before he ufed them. All the 
'barbarous Nations at pre Cent, 
fuch as the Hsm^ids about Tsr- ^" '^""''"• 
tarjfy harden their new born Infants, either 
in Snow or Water. And in the Wejt- Indict 
they not only Wiifh their Children, but 
Mothers alfo, immediately after their Chil- 
dren are born- 

I cannot better advife you any Method 
for prcfervation of Health, than clic Coltl 
Ilcginicn, to Immerfc all your Children in 
Bapcifiu, to wafli them oltcii aferwards 'till 
Three Qiiartcrs old, whereby the Rickets 
and C'onvuHions will be prevented ; 10 uic 
Children to Cold Air, Water-drinking, to 
»ar ftw Cloaths, which if many, con- 
N 3 {uxn:% 


174- Of Cold Baths. Parti. 

fumes the Fledi, and renders all Children 
fubjeiSt ro Rheums , cc ufe them when Boys 
to Bathing in River*., and when Men to 
Cold Baths, to harden their Skinsagainit 
the Changes of Weather, and to increafe 
their vippetite and Digeftion, and Strength 
of the Limbs, to expel the Serum by Urine 
and Sweat : It loofens the Belly in fomo 
Perfons. The Prefervation of Health , 
Cleanlinefs, and pleafantRefrcftimetit after 
Cold Baths, are fufficienc to recommend the 
ufe of them. 

What I have writ on this Subjeft, was ac 
firft defigned for my own Information, and 
DOW I havepublifiied it for the Inftruftiofl' 
of others, and to give all my Country- 
men notice of the Conveniences I have' 
made at LiuhjieU for Cold Bathing ; and' 
I doubt not, but a full Experience of that- 
Praftice will aflftire you, my Honoured' 
Country-Men, that what I have here pro-r 
pofed, will be Cafe and ufeful, and ne-^ 
cert'ary, both for the Prefervation of youp^ 
Health, and curing alt the Difeafes mcn^ 
tioned, which is the hearty Wifhof, 

ilJ/ Honcitred Benefa^or/, -f 

Toar verj Humble Sei 




jTo the Ingenious and Learned Tbyfi- 
cian^ Dr. Baynard. 


J Think my felf, as well as all others of 
our Frofeflion, much obliged to you, 
your great Induftry, in promoting the 
Ufe of Co/d Btthifigy and your kind Com- 
!inunication of fuch Cafes as have received 
benefit by it, which arefufficienr andcon- 
j'Vincing Evidence that CoU Baths are both 
Safe and Ufeful. I think my felf fartlicr 
obliged to give you a particular Account of 
Iny fuccefs in curing the Patient you recom- 
Inended from Reptoji to our LitchfieU Cold 
'Btib. I will firftgivca particular Account 
of the Cafe, becaufe you did not fee her, 
tut were only confulted by her Friends. 
- I obferved, Thit Mrs. Pifer oi' Repton in 
pfrJ^/i&irf, was very much fwelled inall her 
Joints by a Rheumntifm, which had lafted 
itour Years i the Joints of her Elbows, 
Vrifts, Knees, Ankles, appeared very big 
iand knotted, and fo fore, that fhecoujd not 
fufFer any motion of them ; the Fingers were 
contrafted clofe, fo that flie couM not mowe 
them, nor any other of her Limbs ; her 
hatids and Arms where diftorted into a 
ftrange figure by the Contraftion of the Si- 
news ; all the reft of her Body was very 
"'' N J kawy 

176 Of Cold Baths, Parti. 

Lean, and Qie had a fhort Cough, which 
gave me a fufpicion of a Confumption. 

When I had viewed die Patient, I was 
much difcouraged by the difficulty of the 
Cafe, and believed you had fent me a Pati- 
ent to difcredit my Bath ; but my fuccefsin 
this Cafe has much credited it. 

I began with her, by letting her Blood, 
and by Purging her once, for her Strength 
could not bear any more : This I did by 
way of Preparation for the Bathing after- 
wards. She was dipt in the Chair three 
times at each Bathing, and (he bathed nine 
times in the whole ; the wet cold Weather 
caufed us to leave it off, though fhc found 
a great Refrefhment always after it. Be- 
caufe of the Tumors and Fains, I put her 
to Bed after her Bathing, and fhe Sweat 
plentifully after it, by the help of warm Ale 
and Spirit o^ H Arts-horn ; once or twice fhe 
did not Sweat, and found her felf not fo 
well relieved as by Sweating ; by the ufe of 
the Bath and Sweatings her Pains and Swel- 
lings did prefently remit, and after a while 
went quite away, and fhe began to ufe 
her Arms and her Feet, which Ihe had not 
dpne of tliree Quarters of a Year before : 
Ihe eat her Meat better, grew in Flefh, ana 
the dry Cough abated : As foon as I found 
the Fains were abated, I prefcrib'd her Ibme 
Steel aad Antifcorbucicks, and Oyntmencs 

I. Of Cold Baths. 177 

for the contraQed Sinews, by which (ho 

I received fome benefit, and (he continues 
very wcH in all parts but in one Leg, where 
the Sinews under her Knee are not yet come 
CO a full length. Not only by this Cafe, 
but by others I have tried, 1 find Cold Baths 
relieve the Rheumi^ick-pains by driving the 
Humours (^agnating In the Limbs into the 
circulating VcflTeis again, and that by 
Sweating afterwards they are readily eva- 
cuated; therefore I find that Sweating is 
neoeflary in Baibtpg for Rheum At ifms.' And 
;! alio obferve, that Evacuations and Alte- 
Wlives, and Oyntments, arc neceiTary as 
IDich, as the Difcafe indicates, befides the 
Bathing, and therefore I believe Cold Bt- 
tbing can never be made a Quack Medicine, 
ID Ik prelcribed alone, nor to be ufed for 
tflDifciifes; but according to Phyfical In- 
dications in company with other Medicines, 
id theo they will perform very greatCures. 
mult give you a little farther of my Ex- 
ffience in Hypochondriack Cafes, where- 
B I have done much good, but I always 
^^^ermixr Alteratives and fiich Evacuations 
the Difeafe required; I vomited and bled 
them by way of Preparation, and gave 
item the Steel- Waters every Day they Ba- 
ttled, and after all a Steel Courfe, and they 
always felt great Relief, and a< cheariul 
Spirit after Bathing, and flept well ; but \ 
\ui N 4 ob- 


obferved, that their Convulfive-Pains can- 
not be relieved till after two or three Years 
ufQ 0^ Cold Baths, and Sweating after Ba- 
thing is not necefTary in thefe Cafts. 

I have met with a Cafe in the Hydrofho- 
hU where the Man bit died after his return 
from Bathing in the Sea, which I mention 
to fhew you, that the giving the Deecif. ad 
morfam Cants is neceiTary, as well as the 
Sea-Bath; and for want of Alteratives join- 
ed with the Cold Bath, that ufeful Practice 
will fuffer in its due Reputation : And this 
PraSice the Cafe of HipfocnteSy I have 
quoted, vi'ill juftify, who for HyfochoadrU 
seks ufed other Medicines as well as Cc/^ 

There is a particular Circumftance miift 
be well obferved ; for where we defign 
Sweating, we muft not keep the Patients 
long in the Water, but only dip them thrice, 
and immediately take them out again, that 
their Natural heat may quickly return, and 
raife a Sweat to difcufs Tumours and Fains; 
but in Hjpachopidrtack Cafes, there the heat 
is great, and Spirits furious, and in thefc 
■we muft continue our Patient in longer, 
and repeat it oftner. And to prove this, I 
■will give you an Inftance out of Hdmont, 
who tells us, that a Maniack was cured by 
leapii^g into a Pond, and continuing there 
till he was half drowned j and he tarthec 

■ys, That by the fame Method he had 
great fuccefs in curing ManUs : JViJi quoties 
formidine prttcoeiter amentes ex aqaa extrahe- 
rtt. And he obferved, That Common 
Water as well as the Salt Water, fuffocated 
the mad Ideas. 

'Tis difficult to determine how long each 

Difeafe requires Cold Btthitrg^ this muft 

be learnt by Experience. I will give you an 

Account of what was praftifed this Year by 

a Perfon of Quality, from whofe Letter 

I have tranfcribed it about the Rickets. My 

Boy was at the Cold Bath shout three Weeksy 

Mnd WAS dip twenty eight timeSj that is, frfl 

ninetimesy aadthenreftedfome Days\ andhe 

vms eft dipt trvice in s Day^ Morniftg and Af- 

iernoon, and softer each time he was put to Bed, 

vd Sweat but very moderately (heeeinga weak 

''hiii) ; but others, who are fironger Stveat 

rf, and after the Refi mentioned^ they dip 

t three times more^ andfo a third time : 

k'he vay of Dipping rvas thus, a Woman 

Uunges the Child over Head and Ears, and 

then fets them on their Feet in Water, and 

rubs them all over , efpecially their Ltmhs^ 

Back, And Belly ; they plunge and rub them 

ihriee, and that is called one Dipping ; they 

tmafi not be above three Minutes in doing this. 

If the Children do not Sweat, they put their 

Maids to Bed to them. Note, That the 

Children Purge as long 4S they ufe the Cold 


Bathing; tat that ceafes ai foon ts they leavt 

By this Letter we may obferve, That a 
long Ufe of Buthing is neceirary for curing 
the Rickets^ which was the Child's Di- 
feafe, and that the 5er«>» which opprefies 
and fills the Nerves, was evacuated by 
Stools and Sweat ; but I am of Opinioo, 
that fome Evacuations before, and Altera- 
tives after, would very much promote the 
Cure. As to the preventing theGtf»/ and 
Afihm^i^ and other Chronical Cafes, there 
mufV be Water-Drinking and due Evacua- 
tions by Vomits and Bleeding,)oined with a 
long Ufe of Cold Batht^ fuch as Calias Au- 
rtlUftas calls Cof/faetado frigidi Ut/acrif or 
elfc no Cure will be performed by .them, 
but the Chronical Difeafes will return upon 
zny Ejferi/efieme of Humours. I have this 
Year had good fuccefs in helping an Afih* 
mAtick by Vomiting, Drinking Steel- Wa- 
ters, and Bathing at Buxton^ and ufing 
Water for conrtant Drink; this Method 
has kept him well many Months, when no 
other could /lop his Fits. As to any iojury 
by Caid Ba.tbsy I never yet met with any 
where they have been ufed according 
to Fhyfical Indications, and after due 
Preparations, fo that I cannot but be- 
lieve they will in time prevail againft the 
Prejudices of all People. All the young 

Praftifcrs will out of Curioficy try them, 
to which they will be well difpofed by 
what they have Read concerning Religious 
Wajbiitg in Homefy &c. (fuch as Penelope*^ 
wafhing before her Prayers, z.r\ATelemA- 
chtd^ Wafhing his Head ;) and as to the Me- 
dicinal Ablution, they will Bnd enough of 
it in all the Greek and LAtia Authors they 
have read ; fo that every FhyHcian will in 
the next Age, be a Pfeucbrolutift. We are 
much obliged to a late Ingenious Au- 
thor, Dr. MedJ J who in his Mechani- 
cal Treatife of Poyfons truly afTerts, That 
Meidaeholy^ as well as HydrofhobtM and 
M*mat , were formerly cured by Cold 
-Biths J which by their Cold and Gravis 
mty produce their Effefts as a Diuretiek: 
Ind he gives Quotations from Helmonty 
l5r«/^w, and Appius , to prove the Ufe- 
'imcls of Cold Baths in the Cafes mcn- 

We fhall wholly gain all the Experienc'd 
'hirurgeons, who can relate many Cures 
ley have done by flopping Hemorrhagies^ 
aling frefh Wounds^ Varicous Tumours^ 
z. by their Application of Cold Water. 
And I was inform'd by an Experienced Chi- 
rurgeon, that he had a Schrophulous Tu- 
mour on his Foot, cured by holding it un- 
der the fall of a Spring for many Mornings. 

you may obferve in Celfusj That the Ro- 
mans held their Heads under the Spouts of 
their Springs. And we may obferve in Ca- 
liia AureiixniiSy the lllifio aqtiArum\ and in 
Hippocrates, the Affufions of Water, all 
which anfwer to our Pumping ; and this 
is one of the dejiderat a laCoid Ba:hings^ and 
it ought firft to be tried on our MoMUeks. 
That I may farther convince all my Coun- 
try-men that Immerfiofi in Bapiifm was very 
lately left off in England, I will affure them, 
that there are yet Perfons living who were 
So Immerfed ; for I was iflform'd by Mr. Be- 
ruford, Minifter of Stretton in Derbyfbire, 
that his Parents Immerfed not only him, but 
the reft of his Family at his Baptifin. He 
is now about 66 Years old. So that he is a 
full Evidence, that the Baptifmul Immerfion 
began not before the laft Century to hedif- 
ufed, and 'tis probable that it continued 
longer in Ufe in the Northern Parts, where 
there is lefs EfTeminacy and longer Lives, 
than in the .So«.'/jer» Farts of this Kingdom, 
and to a more cool management of their 
Children thofe good Effefts may be juftly 
atti-ibuted. I fhall add no more on this Sub- 
ject, for they who will not be convinced by 
the Experience of former Ages, nor thofc 
Modern Cafes you have communicated, 
muft be left to their own Opinions, and 


Part I. Of Cold Baths, 1 8g 

you and I muft be coatented^ that we and 
other PhyGcians have endeavoured tbreftore 
a very Ancient and UfeTul Pnidice m Phy- 
fick. Khali ever be. 

S I R^ 

m. K 

.' 1 

Tour much obliged Trhnd^ 

difd bimtli ServAfftf \\. 

Mil0«2S» 1701. / 

•It! ■ .■ 

I > . » k s « 

.• ' * r • ■ . 

, - • .• . 

" J ' * • •■ * ' \ »' 




^: *. :. 

, f. . - - . i ■* -.^ 


•k .x .* 


^' r • 







Of Cold Baths. 

PART n. 

A Letter from Dr. Baynard 
in I^ondon, to Sir John 
Floyer, AV. in Litchfield, 
co»f er«i«g Cold Immerfions, 


Honoured Sir J 

PON the Difcourfe I had laft with 

you, upon your defign of writing a 

fmafl Tract on that Noble Subjeft oiCold Im- 
7>terfio»,a. PraClice fo old in the World afmoft 
forgotten, as if it had been dead and buried 
thro* extream Age and Superannuation ; Ac- 
cording to my Promife, I now prefcnt you 
with fome few Lines touching feme won- 
derful and moft remarkable Cures done by 
(the amazing Effects of) CoU Water, fuch 
only as have fallen under my own EyeznA 
Obfervation. And I hope I Ihal] be fo juft 

both to my Heif and the Warid, as to re- 
late notliing but: what is pofltivcly true in 
FtUi i and efpccially thofe whicli I have re- 
corded ; the" in fomecthers perhaps thar de- 
pend on my Memory, and weretranlafted 
longfincc, probably ibmecircumftanccmay 
be forgotten or omitted ; but in the main, 
to the Deft of my recolleftion, I give you 
the whole of what I can remember. I al- 
ways (I thank God) lookt upon it as moft 
impious, and one of*^ the worft of wicked- 
nefles (in ferious things) to irapofeupon 
the Living, but much more to B(i»/pr, and 
hand down a Falfhood to Foftcrity. A Fault 
(I doubt) too many of our Fhyfick.Obfer- 
vators have been too guilty of, as that ridi- 
culous Story of Phidifxtj Salmonthw, in his 
Chapter de Parta per Os ; and that of Car- 
tUH\ quoted by Hen. Ab.Hnrt^ whofe 
Words are thefe, viz,. 

QuAtttsm communionem habtdjtt genitAlisiy 
ptrtefyae if [is vising cum C&pite^ AdfeverMy 
fmod fiquis CMitie deformis untcatAntum neUe 
ilUnsc J'crotum vmnsfque partes jucco ex rit- 
dUe jugUadis vtridi exprejfo, C^tnitie dffefi(4 
migtrrimo colore Capifis Ptlos injieiet^ totum 
anuaatdardturOy &C. 

Such unnatural Amufings, and moft im- 
I probableStories,makesany ferious Difcourfe 
'liculous, and makes many true ones 1'uf- 
', for even the moft Crc(^*/tfMr, when 

find themfelvesimposMon, and deceived, 
rejeft every thing ofthe leaft Difficulty, and 
doubt even known Truths, that does not 
eafily Aide into their weak Apprehenfions, 
&c. for Men ought to be very juft in what 
they publifh and aOert, in that tender and 
nice Concern of Life\ for all things .in re- 
ference thereunto ought to beconfider'd 
well, and treated with the greateft Caatio/t ; 
for there lies no Writ of Error in the Grave, 
but the fick Man is finally concluded by 
the Knowledge or Ignorance of his Phjjiei- 
M. But where Knavery and Negleft help 
to compound the Dotiory there, I iay» the 
Patient is in a deplorable Condition, more 
from his Direftor than his Difeafe ; and too 
often in Acxdte Cafes, where Life and Death 
perches upon the fame Ueam^ the leaft Grain 
or Error of Neglett may turn the ScaU^ and 
irretrivably deftroy that Life which on the 
other hand, a lucky thought might have 
faved. And I think it a Duty indilpenfably 
incumbent upon the Phyfician, that where 
he thinks he has not taken a right Scheme 
ofthe Cafe, nor had a true infight into the 
Difeitfe^ or has the leaft doubt upon him ;, 
there, I fay, both in Honour and Confci- , 
ence, he is bound to call in fome other to his 
Affifiance, which is fo far from being a Dif- 
grace, that his Care will be (among wile 
Men) efteem'd as the Produft of his Ho- 
nefty : 

PaTt II. Of Cold Baths. 187 ^ 

r nefty : and howfoever Providence fhould dif- 
^koi Impatient, yet by this faithful dif- 
tharge of his Duty, he enjoys the Conforts 

I bf a calm Bredfl. and fleeps with a quiet 

When on the other I}and, the forward, 
old, poficive Corinthian tfjrujler on, fwolrt ' 
\fith the Poyfon of his oWri Opinion, as if 
Re were the Achme^ and top Branch of his 
profeffion, right or wrong, goes on ; but 
br want of Aim or a Ready Hand, hits the 
[ Wrong Mark, and kills the Patient inftead 
1 of the Difcafe ; wliich no more troubles 
I iiim, thanifhehadfir'daraFIockofGfp/e. ' 
And here I am apt to think, that the In- 
vention ufCow/'oaai^f was from not know- 
ing the Virtues of Similes, fuppoling it 
like fhooting at a Bird with fmall Shot; 
put into a Gun Pellets cnougli, and onis or 
other muft hie. But true Knowledge of a 
Medicine, is like the Hbrfe-Jhoe (kuck at a. 
Man's Girdle, (whofe Life was faved by it;) 
quoth he, I fee a littU Armour )vi!l ferve ttje 
turit, if it he put it the right place, Src. But 
Difcourfes of this Nature are necdiefs (Sir) 
toaPerfon of your great Cucumfpeflion, 
where Care and Vigilancy attend in fuch 
PerfeQiion, that I well know the lealt mif- 
take can no more efcape your Pen, than it 
1 has done your Praftice; for in what joa 
I hvc already writ, your Caution is re- 
l . O markably 

Of Colli Baths. ' Part 


^BarkaUy feen. And I know alfb you)^ 
great Reading and Learpiog to be fucN 
that very fcw^ if any ccmarfeabic Paflag^ 
among the many Vohimcs of the Andci _^ 
Greek and i.<»« Writers, {lip your ObfetvA* 
tion; cfpccialiy being fo near 4 Netghbew 
to that Magazine oILcarniag,^ the Libracjf 
of the Learned Dr. toivle, a Gentlcmaij 
who isDOC only an Honour to our Facult^W 
but a polifh^d Scholar, and bright m ajf 
other manner of Learning. 

Icannoc)oin vvirh JgatJjintf-\ iobiswoaj 
dci'ful Encomiums ol Cold Bathing, a&bi| 
ib quoted by Ori^afms^ Phyficiaii to-JuUaiit 
the (Apoftaic) Emperor, wherein he I 
ftanccs the tre^uent ufe of it in himfclf, aim 
recommends it 10 the World, as a. mcM 
Wbokfoine and falubrioui tra^Jce, zm 
ieems CO have but a low and languid C^ 
uion of the UfcofWtJ/ liaihs. ror with 
dueRefpeft to lo great a Man (asdoubc- 
Icfs he was in hii Generation) I muft take 
leave to dilTuit i'com him, and by way ot 
PigrcfTion tell you, that 1 have at Icaft, lor 
the fpace of j6 Ycairs, (one Summer or 
two exicpted) conftantiy viCted the H)t 

Bxihs at hath^ Jn ^or/jerjet/hire, as a Fby- 

ft^ian, and have fecii wondedul and molt 
deplorable Cal'es there cured, and 
in a very little time, where Care and 
tion ha5 been obferved in the ufe oft 

Fart 11. Cf Cold Baths. 189 

and efpecially in the Weft-hdU Grifvs and 
Ct>lieks, where a Paralyils has been general 
with a total lofs of tlieir Limbs ; and others 
with Arms, Hands, Legs, and Feet, ftrange- 
Iv contrafted ; yet the Bath has cured both 
tne Solutions and CoMrMcliofis, which being 
contrary Operations, ispaftniy Philofophy 
toiind out how fuch Cures are wrought ; 
without, as Helmont fays, it be by com- 
forting the Jrcheus with mild and gentile 
warmth; for 'tis a friendly Fomentation, 
a natural Sal volatile oleofunty a Cordial to 

»'. faint and languid Spirits, and puts them 
a Power to aft more vigoroufly. 
Indeed when iMen will batlie that are of 
Plethortick Habits, and Sanguine Confti- 
tuions, with a Cargo of Wmeand good 
Cliear in their Bellies, without emptying, 
or any medical Preparation, or that over- 
heat the Biood and other Fluids, beyond 
their natural Standard of CalefaSion, by 
fwimraing and cxercifing too much in them, 
or (laying too long on the Hot Springs, &c. 
there, I fay, fomeiimcs the confcquences 
have been ill. But then I hope he muft 
aHow, that the Fault is not in the Bath, 
but in the irregular Bathing. And what 

freat Cures have been, and are daily done 
y drinking the B-iih-Water hot from the 
Pt/mp^ Res ipf.i loquitur -^ for the Cures 
would fpeak tliemfclves, were Men mute: 
O 2 (ot 

195 Of Cold Baths. 


vital Flame was even blinking in the Sock- 
et, and the Soul (one Foot over the Threft' 
old) turning out of its tattered and debay'd 
Tenement, by the cautious ufe of the Bath' 
Witers and Bitters, bad a new Life put 
to Leafe , who to this Day enjoys 
an uninterrupted ftate of Health. This 
Lady was fo very weak, that at firft wd 
gave her but two or three Spoonfuls of the 
Bsth Water y and about half an Hour after 
one Spoonful of a bitter Infufion ; and here 
by the way, Note, That mUSage, white 
Hoar-hound^ and Hopps, are the only let- 
ters that will agree with thefe Waters, and 
makes them pafs, fo that they are in the 
wrong Box, that direft only Wine, or 
Wine and Water to be drank at Meat by 
Water drinkers, when a well brew'd mid- 
dle fort of clear Small Heer moderately 
Hop'd, fhall fit eafy upon their StomachSi 
and make the Waters pafs much better, for 
Hops J is both Diuretickand Anrifcorbuticlc, 
helps Digeftion, kills Worms, and may 
be accounted as good an jintUiihUfis^ as 
the beft, tho' the foolifh Vogue upon its 
firft ufe, here in E»g/dn^y ran Counter to 
its true Phyfical Veitues^ by branding it 
with breedmgthe Stone, dre. but Experi- 
ence has long fince convinced the World of 
that Error ; whilft iVixe contrafts and har- 
dens the Glands, and hipders Secreoon, 

i-s. this truth any Man mav try upon hint- 
fclf, let him obferve one ana tlie iame Re- 
^mcn in his Rxercilc, Etculcnts and Potu- 
tnts, fomc Htclc time before, that an hour 
l*itcrhis ufuai quantity of Bath Waters, 
liet him talcchali a pint or a pint of Winc^ 
1^ what foit he plcafes, and tlie next Day 
\%l the fame time after his Waters, let hint 
Iteike the ftme quantity of a well brcw'd> 
||p:^M Mah Liquor, that is not too ftrong, 
""iJtw and Verty, nor Stale or Sower ^ V\\ 
|oM two to one, that tliewvU HopM Male 
liIaQ> Iha!l pifs fooner and more in quan- 
Sty than the Vintner, and etUmhoc cemies 
roi*vij dr »u»^aam fefe/lit BxperJme/ittim ; 
: that I forbid a (ilafs of good Wine at 
, cfpecially to thofe who arc usM to 
J but t write this to let them fee how talfe 
the cry of this late Litter of Phyfick- 
fbelps^ that hunt and run down Malt 
^uots^ without any reafoning orairurting 
why. But to the Cafe, an Hour after that 
t little more S/tth Witers , then Bitters 
laiOjflndlbby degrees, from lefs to more, 
brought her to &;ar half a Pint of the 
Iratcrs hot from the Pump, which ftavM 
Irithout loathing or vomiting ; then fhebe- 
;an to be better reconeilM to the Sight and 
Well of Meats, and to tAkc a little Chick- 
en Brothi &c. and in a Day or two more 
Oie coula bear a Pine taken at a or three 
4 Drauglits, 

Dratights, and then began to eat folid 
Meats, and in the fpace of nine or ten 
Weeks recovered her Health to admiration, 
inromuch that when fhe went into the 
^Church, or to walk in the Grove, when 
fhe came out of her Chair, (he was point- 
ed at, faying, there fje is! that's/be! that^s 
the Lddj that tvdt fo rveak^ Sec. dtgito mon- 
frare & dicier hec eft. So that the true 
Reafon why fome mifs of a Cure, is either 
becaufe they drink too much in qoantity, 
or take (too foon) Cordial Waters, or 
Wine after them, oreat before they have 
pafs'd off; for the Sromach fbould have 
time to dry, and the Fibres to contraft and 
ctofe, &c. and never to ear without Ap- 
petite, and then but two thirds of a Meal. 
I'know, now living, a certain Knight, who 
is fqll, if not aboVe, a Iiundred Years old, 
whoiSasagi!, as healthful, walks upright, 
can fit, rife up, or ftoop, with as much 
^afeas any Man of forty Years ; can walk 
as much, and as long as moft Men, who 
told me that he attributed his great Health 
aiid Vigour to hi^Tcmpei-ance in eating; 
for he folemnly declared. That he never 
filled his Belly tpfttiety in his Life ; and 
tho'hecandrinRaglalsof Wine, AI9, op 
Cyder, yet in tl^e main, he is as tcmpef- 
rate.irihis Drinkirig alfo, as in his Eating,; 
ki\^ that when irt^iis Retirement in the. 
t^'"a'''--' »• '-^ Coup- 

Of Cold Baths. 

Country, he told me, he drank little cHfc 
butWatcrfora oc j Months together. But 
now as to the other Ladies Cafe I mention'^, 
ihe was brouglit to the Bath /» Extremis^ 
ith all the frightful Symptoms of Dcai 


^poii her, vifible in theghaftly look of hi 
Face, accompany'dwith Dtfpondencj, St£ 
fcg, 6'trr)o«/«ir, Singultits and Cofn'utjiomj 
ft^ith an univcrfal Atropfr/, yet by due Care, 
ind the powerful Vertues of the warm 
lBrf/6 Wattrs^ by (low and gentle SteiT;, • by 
^adual AcccfHons, in the fpacc of fix 
Weeks fheacquirM fucli a Stomach, fucha 
tonftitution, rliat fbc Danc'd in the Town- 
Hall ; nor did fhe receive her Cure from 
idrinking only, but was comforted and rc- 
Crelh'd with rlic mild and gentle warmth of 
itiie Crofs Bath ; for bathing in many Cafes 
£l of wonderful ufe, as in Colicks, Gripes^ 
Scorbutick Atrophies, Cramps, and all ftiff- 
ijefs of the 7W«'j and Uml's ; To that there 
'4i"e few Cafes but where moderate Bathing 
itiay be join'd to Drinking, to finifh ana 
tomplcataCure, favinf* in fomc Difcafcs of 
ifhc Headf and all ffrff/ch and unnatural 
^tatj, Fernifirts and Ehiiflithm of the 
Blood, all which miifl be left rothe Judg- 
iticnt of the directing Phyfician, if the Pa- 
tient has the good luck tocfcapcthc hard 
fate of poor Mr. Cope, the Lottery-Man, 
and light on (t Phyficianthat can ditllnguiOl 

196 Of Cold Bath. 

between a Kjttle-Drum and d^Cttrt-WheeU 
But to fwill and drink great quantities, 
Fumes flie into their Heads, their weight 
extends the fibrous Membranes too much, 
wafhesoffthe A/tff«yof theG«J/, andfome 
times from the HUdder too, and gives an 
Ardor aria^ for a little time : But generally 
this happens to thole that drink as much 
Wine in the Afternoon, as they do Water 
in the Morning; and when the Stnimrt 
are.relax'd by the foftncfs of the Waters, 
and the obftrufted Glands of the Mefmtery 
opened and relieved, Quantities of Wine 
muft do much Mifchief, when in the Blood 
there is an Union of To much ii/f and Jar- 
t±r ; fo that the beft Method and Medi- 
cine too, may be abufed by over or under 
doing it. 

I remember whejn I lived at Prefiort in 
Lattcufijlre^ a Man died with a Cheefe in his 
Belly, by drinking new Miik upon Sowre 
Stale Beery which fofrightned People from 
theufeof Milk, thatallforfookit, but the 
wifer Calves. And here a word of Admo« 
nition may not be amifs : I have known a 
great many that have deftroy*dthemfelve8» 
and fome very fuddenly, by drinking MUlt 
toofoon, upon any fharp acid Liquors, as 
Wine, Cyder, Stale Beer^ &c. when thoftt 
Liquors have been drank fafely after Milk^ 
tho^ X Ihould not care to drink marp Ltquor& 

irtll. Of Cold Baths. 

too foon upon Milk, for fear of Curdliiig, 
trufting too much to the Daich Pro- 

PViae up Miliock^ is good for Eiotk , 
But Milhck up l^ine^ it u teniae. 

mho' Millc curdles upon all Stomachs what- 
ivcr, even upon the youHgcrt Animals, but 
k is a foft Curd and loofc, when Acids make 
t hard, {tiff, and compa^^, for if Milk 
lid not Curdle, it could not Nourifli, for 
ais to be fupposd, that fo grofs a Sub^anco 
Curds are , could never enter thofe 
treighi, clofeand invifible paiTages into 
Blood, &c. Two of my Acquaintance 
1 alfo of a Surfeit of Halmot/^ eaten un< 
jier-boiPd, after which Accident feme 
irould never more touch S/iimon, &c. fo 
, no particular Cafe or Accident ought 
t) (bake or undermine a known and receiv'd 
Qood. How many Men have died fudden- 
fly in the Street of Jpopiexits^ &c ? Now 
^ad any of thefe unhappy Wretches been 
ial that inftant) put into cither Hot or 
%old Batbs^ not only the Mob^ but even the 
r^ravc and more Learned Noddys of the 
Noddiliiy (would all be Corw^r;, and) have 
laid the Murthcr at that Door. A grave 
Nod, and a gracctul Grimace, with acnarge 
of NofeGun-Powdcr, Snuff 'twixt Finger 
god Tl^umb) or a Spit after his Pipe, are 

Of Cold Baths. 

Signs of difapproving^and are home Thrufts' 
to the New invention ; but if the Charafler 
of Whim or Gimcrack be labellM unto it, 
'tis for ever damn'd. Such is the force of 
ooe/C^-irfonaCrowd of Fools^ as is daily 
One cries up Cr/ih and Loyjlerf^ as if Health 
cartie from Sea in Armour-, t'other 0««^f/ 
and Lemons. "Dr. Jlk/t/jfkys, Vinegar and 
Pepper is bad with Roaft i^tff ■■ And Dr. 
Jei^y that a Pearl Necklace fwells the 
Glands of the Throat, arid will breed J^in- 
fys or tlie Ki»g^s Evil. ' One asks his Pati- 
ents, Can yc eat Oyfiers? And t'other, 
Can ye drink Verjuice? So that you fee, 
that the Ldtid-Crths and Sea-Crabs can ne-, 
ver agree. All thefe foolilh Extreams are 
of ill Confequenceand of pernicious Ten- 
dency to the Commonwealth of /^a/rjJ'; 
For to be wedded to an Opinion is true Mad- 
nefs, unlefs warranted by infallible Demon- 
flration. Pbyfuk Bi^gotrj is worfe than that 
of Popery, and docs more mifchief to BoJies^ 
than that to So»/s ; for God may have Mer- 
cy on an Error in his Worjhifj but a raif- 
applied Medicine can have none, but muft 
on and afl according to its N^itare, what- 
ever be the Confcquonce. And yet, not- 
withl^anding we daily fee the ill Hffefh of 
fome MedietmSy and little or no virtue in 
0therif yet we preferibe on, and will not 
■■■•-]"■ cake 

■ Of Cold Baths. 199 

; Fains to Examine, but take things on 

Ji. and Tick. Credulity is Harbinger 

» Infellibinity, and clears the way for £r- 

r to ambic on, and intails miHakes to the 

md of the Chapter. How many hundred 

ITears has Jrfemck been miftook for Gm- 

Won, and worn for it as on Amulet againft 

Be Plagufj by the raiftake of an Arabick 

jvord Ar'fifk or Jrfepick, (as I am told) fig- 

iifies a Genus Cw/tamoai^ and founding near 

^rfenick as an Amelet to prevent it, which 

irror had done much Mifchicf, and was dif- 

pver'd firft by Diemeri/roek, fee his Book 

"ePeJie^ &c. And nothing is harder than to 

ivet a wrong Notion. Things received 

3 root, and not cafily yield to ExtirpM- 

How many Men has intempeftive 

nd over-bliftering deftroyM, (efpecially 

ipon a CriHs) in altering the Faces of all 

fte Juices of the Body, difturbing the ge- 

buine Secretions, by mixing the venomous 

1 corrofive Effluvium^s of the Canthari- 

with the Blood, accuatingthc Pn/fi^ 

Icfides bringing Straaguries^ and other 

failchiefs on tlie BUdder^ infomuch that I 

clieve the Devil himfelf old Bel^l/ubto 

i nothing but a great CamhArid the Prince 

f FljSj they aft fo according to his Nature, 

) plague Mankind where-e'er they they 

ire applied. I knew an old Romanin; in 

'|cu of other corrcftions, would blifter him- 

fe!f for his Sins, and call'd it his Baifamum 
Pofttificmi^ &c. And here 1 caanot omit 
a Srory of an Apothecary's Man, in Flett- 
ftreet^ whofe Mafter died in a few Days 
Sicknefs of a Fevety which his Doftors 
quicldy made malignant. Quoth Ae, I 
wonder that my Maftcr fhould die lb 
foon, for he had a dozen Elijlers on, and 
they all drew very ftrong: That is true, 
quath one fta^ding hj^ thou art in the right 
00% for in four Days time (together with 
the help ofa Teem of Doftors) he was 
drawn out of his Bed into the Vault over 
the way there, pointing at St. Dunjidti'i 
Church. I am apt to think that from this 
Killering Doftrinc came the Proverb, Hu- 
mam corh ludere ; not but that BHliering is 
good in fome Cafes, but there is meafurc 
in doing it, as well as Judgment, when 
and where it is to he done. And violent 
Sweating Medicines have not been much 
fliort oF as mucli mifchief: How havethey 
brolie the Glohuli of tlie Blood, diforderiag 
at] the Fluids, by putin^ all the Juices upon 
a Fiuor and Fret^ fo forcing the morbiij 
Matter out of the Channels into the Hdit^ 
Nerves, Stc. introducing T^KwtJrj, Detiri^ 
urns, Subfultw tendinum and ConvuijionSf- 
andall thedifmal Train of the Grave's Ar- 
tillery, thcEnfigns of approaching Dm;A, 
which by a mild and tender Ufage, attend- 


Of Colli Baths. 50I 


ing and aflifting the Efibtts of Nature, 
jnieht have been feparated from the Mafs, 
^tid carried off by Stool or Urine. 

How many (even in the Agony of Death) 
have been crara'd with Buri: and Boius^ and 
fcnt hence with the laft repeated Dcfe undi- 
geftcd on tlieir Stomachs ? 

How many thoufands has Dr. Morphem 
tock't up in his leaden Coffin, by ncedlefs, 
intempcftive and wronR apply'd Perago- 
richy &c. hung their Nerfe with Garlands 
of Ni^hsShade^ and lung Kequiem's to 
their Sou!s in Wreaths of Foppy! when 
their droulic Prtfcriptions !\ave provM their 
- Oedentials, or a Warrant to nap on, rill 
the day of "Judgment. 

But wliere a Phyfician gallops over Iris 
Fatieats, and rides Poft to be Rich, t!terc 
his hafte is too great for final! Obfervations, 
and the Sick-man loft through Precipitatioa. 
But this is no detriment to the Doctor, for 
while they Die, others Spring up; and 
wlulft there is Intemperance in the World, 
there will be Difcafcs. And where he by 
Policj or Party has gain'd his Point, and fet 
up his Standard in the Opinion of ¥ool$^ 
where his Spaniels range through a City to 
Spring his G^wp, and Truy is rewarded 
with the Oftals of the Quarry, there the 
Phyfick-Kirp/t flies only at G(j/(i, the well- 
fare of his Patient is but the Side-board o{ 

hisBufincfs, and ColUterais of his Care. 
But this G^Z/w/vr is a Saint to the Sharer ; 
thofc that go Snips with their ApathecArits^ 
areVillains of thefirrt Magnitude; here the 
Patient is in a pretty Fickle being Aire to 
be dous'd according to the depth of his 
own Pur fey or his poSor's Cottfeteace ; 
and this I call both fi-io/iy and Muritr., for 
the Man is firft Ruh^i^ and then K)&'^: 
thefe Pulfe.pMlSy tbcfe Bcdfide Handiiti arc 
the worft of Rohlers j for either through Ig' 
norsme or Avarice^ they never give Qparter, 
but fire at you the PuivU grefitUy or z quid 
i»(ifidum, a White Powder which makes no 
Noife- But theft things only pafs upon wed' 
Mtnds^ People of fupei ficial, httle or no 
Thought, at leaft of fuch (hallow thinking, 
that the fiiort Legs of a Loufe might 
wade their Underftandings , or elfe they 
could never be Gu^'d, and led by the 
Dad ing-ft rings, but by People of as little 
depth as themfelves; for there is an unac- 
countable Sympathy between foois, and 
where e'er they come, tho* in a Crowd, or 
other Company, they always find one ano- 
ther firfl: ; their diftant t'iflitvtum\ whidi 
makes the Sphere of AOiivity, won't mix 
with thofe of a wife Man's, but like Exche- 
quer Tallies, will only fie their own Sticks. 

Yec the Fool does lefs harm than the 
K/iAvey Dr.M-'iWf that takes any ImprelTion, 

Part II. Of Cold Baths, aoj 

or ftamps it on another , chat always fays 
as the Ddtne and Nurfe fays, and becomes 
all things to all Men, that he may gain 
fome (Many) ; This Phyfick-Faber touchy 
es you tenderly with thufmooth File, and 
fills his Pockets from his own Forge ! This 
chucks the Church under the Chin, and 
Ipits in his Hand, ftrokes up the Diflenters 
Ftfrehadf SkC. In fliort, hs'is]ikGJ:fudiiiras*s, 
^^gg^ff good for every thing, and fticks 
at nothing to grow Rich. 

The next is your Noftrum-wonger Dr. 
Stew-Toadf one that fets up for Miracle antl 
Mifierj^ and always makes Honejofa Dogs 
Turd-^ this Martyrs more Toads than Pope-^ 
py has Hereticks, and crams his Patients' 
with Bufo inftead ofB^^/; (for a Toad is 
as innocent as a Fifh) t!io' the Patvis Aichi- 
apieietf as they call it, has no more Virtue 
in it, than the Powder of Pickled-Hnring: 
ind yet thele Sir Pafnives will be no more 
[lirred than a Mill-Jlone ■ and in Confultati- 
oa they are always moved with a Lever^ 
they are too heavy and unweildy to be 
drawQ from their own Opinions. 

I once heard of a whimfical Fi:llow that 
fo doted on Bu£, that they called liim Cap- 
tiitt Buff", for nothing could pleafe liim bift 
Ba/, BuffShirt, Band, Beaver, Boots, &t, 
aD Bufff and dwelt in a Buff-Budget, like 
Diogems in his Tub, and would eat nothing 
' F but 

I 504. 0/ Cold Baths. 

[1)01 Triffej becaufc it lookt like BufF; 
i I doubt we have too manyofthefe Bnl 
I C/^fams'in the now Pro/? /r«/e anddegenerai 

But to cure this Evif, is hie Labor hiff 
Opm^ ib to leave tliem in the Foffeffion 6P 
themfehjeij under the /w/tfe»ff of their oWftJ 
tJnderfiand'mgs is Cutfe enough ; for when 
the Gr4Cf of God can have noadmittano' 

' all Admonitions are fpilt and thrown awa; 
for Stttpdity is Proof againft Satyr as we 
as Wifiom. And fo to the bufinefs of Cold 

■ Water. 

Among many that have commended Ca 
"iVaterj I find Hermanm Vander Hejden cfll 
it up to the Skies: ufed both inwardly and 
extreamly in Stone and Gouts, he wondd* 
fully commends it, and in many other Cifi 
fes, inPains of thc'SVowtfc/'and yc/Wj; hiM 
his Words are, 'viz.. Ne^ue hie omiffum vi^ \ 
Urn quod ficutijrigida una atqae altera hsrt . 
Ante totnam ajjumpia dolorihus artieularibtis 
medetar ; It a etiam quardoqueqatbufdtmfio- 
machf doloribm ejajquefrfgdx cyathus rmntfdi' 
ate pofi praadiuTN evatuatus, /blear fubvemrf, 1 
imo Pomum crudum^ acidam tametty nut auj- 
terumy cum cyatbo etidm j'rigidg^ loco c»»» 
(ibi aatfotus^ tewfere *■«■?/< oblatm^ eoncto- ' 
natoribiti aliiji^ue recenii raucedine lahermt>- 
hu^y claram cr naturaUnt fofiridie voeemft- 
fiffime refiitaft. 

Of Cold Baths. 105 

And a Reverend Divine, Dr. IViat by 

fame, Minifter of Bromhim in the County 
iViits, told me, That being very ill 
his Stomach (and fearing a Surfeit) after 
eating Salmon not well boiled , he went 
immediately into Cold iVater, and was pre- 
fently cured: And in this it is alfo com^ 
mended fay Cornelitts Celftu^ Galerr, and 
others; and I my felf have often been re- 
lieved from Wind and Crudity by Swim- 
ming in Cold Rivers. 

And Mr. Arch-Deacon Clement this pre- 

Et Minifter of Bif* told me, That when 
was a Student at Oxfvrsi, eating too 
chfatVenifon he found liimreUextremely 
in, and fearing a Surfeit he went into the 
Water and fwam up and down for the fpace 
of near two Hours, and came forth very 
well, and coqtinu'd fo 

The fame Author of hisownKnowledge 
affirms, and quotes Pi/h and Alexander 
Tra/Uanua, how that many have been cu- 
red of the Stoire and Gravel in the Kidneys, 
by a. long, but moderate ufe of Water 

drank warm or cold, -Si (^ frigida -vet 

tafida djfumaiar ; f/ofi emm dubilem uiramque 
tonveturCf imo & calidam^ /edjrigid>ir» maxi* 
wte. And why fometimes they gave the 
Water warm, (Ae yij^/) becaufe theyfuppo- 
fed the Diftemper to proceed from a cold 
Caufe, fo proceeded according to the Axi- 
V 2 om, 

4o6 Of Cold Baths 

om, Contrarhcontrariis, &c. which is not 
I always Orthodox, for vevy often fitf/iUsfi' 

\-. And I knew an old Phyfician that held 
rthc drinking a glafs of warm River or 
[■ Spring Water (that would lather) a little bc- 
[■ lore Dinner, as a great Secret, bothtopre- 
rient and cure the Stone. And I think I 
liave read fome fuch thing in Bagliviy the 
now Pope's Phyfician. 

He fays alfo that it will cure a Red-Faet^ 
Ct vitia omnia Catama, which he worded 
{o prettily, that I'll here repeat them td 
make you laugh. Sir Joh/r, viz. Sic qui va-i 
rifgAlo faciei rubore^ Nafoque Carbar/caiari'^ 
^ ap^rime PofiuUlo (qitod pltrumque a Bad 
chi nut Cereris decotii potemiorii fuligiao^i 
i/aporibtts tvenire folet) in medium fradeunt^ 
fic. And in an another place he fays pofi-' 
tivcly, that where through extremity of* 
CoU, the Hands and feet are benumbedj 
it fails not to cure. Et quidem nulU pr*tet 
TAtionem vtderi debet ^ ft hie etudacter afftratU 
pedes ita faviexte Hyeme contr Alios & coHgeUX^ 
tos^ ut eorum digiti ad mfiar fitpiitt rigejceo' 
Us appareanl^ infrigidam aliqaiies renoVitiM 
meditt adtniTim hora fpatiotmnierjhs adprijii- 
nam denuo jiatum rei>ocarf^ ^c. Again, jk 
frigidam Tetanum curare docetj Hipp. lib. <. 
Aph. 24. Sic P^ralyricum rjufdem f rigid* 
Crure^ Braehioy Humeroqat reJoUttis, ton' 

Of Cold Baths. 

: c^ rtnovAU applications duArum dut 
Hum harirum fpado^ inlegra & eidem die 
•Jtritumfuijfe a fide dij^no percept, &c. And 
J another place he cells you tliat Contorfons 
" 4ffd Contti^ions^ tho' never ib big and fwellM, 
are curablu by Cold Waier^ iJ;c. in hit Ver- 
_tii. Multo minus dbfonam vidchitar^ ft hie 
wmaveroy quod Coniorfiones jan^iurarum^ 
trnmque imo c^ diAtum quarumlibet corporis 
fftium contufwaes turn ingenllhus tumoribus 
KniVf ia frigidum immerfione longe ficurius 
flAm per quxvis alia Rcmedia, abfque jump' 
w, fivt molefiiA & temporii jA^fura citius ^ 
\rto citius curentur ; fic manm ^ maxime 
\dtsyt qat diiiis coutorfionibus ^ accideatih/u, 
tqutntius ob/ioxtt efje folenl^ ad prijlinum 
\»ur & frmum grfffam reduet poJ[unt ; imo 
ttiamfi duabus aut tribm horti pofi dicloSy 
dr alios fimiles fort uitos Caj'asy feduh aliquo- 
liet renovando frigtdam idipfum fiat, m hifee 
occults tton femel vidi, repellendo fp^do unim 
hora Humor eray qut ob pr^diSlam moramplu- 
rimii tiimis unpacius vidtretar, ut repulfoni 
pareret ; ty* ob contufom/tf, & riimis ingen- 
tem fratuberatiomm j'appurAnim aut tanqusm 
fsnguit extravAJatm traUandus ejfe exijltmare- 
fur ; ille tamm adhuc hxrtns ia venuUs capil- 
Urtbus dtlafatisy & cum came elatis hacfri~ 
gida (cum ea dtfcuti aequeat) repditur, quan- 
do 3»oa nimisftro applicatur -y quamquam etidm 
negUcia omni omnino cura^ pofiridiApam banc 

P J 6!- 

I dr. 

ao8 Of Cold Baths. Pi 

^ rfg'ffe longAtn AffUcationem^ ahi tarn immt- 
nis non erm protuberatioy integrt frofuiffe 
mifji conjtet : qua wfortanin cum fepiffimt 
accidant Ugnariif, ferrariis, (^ mnrxriis fs- 
^nSy & cajupvis generis operarus, fet'mffimum 
(jr ohviam ilhs hoc foterit ej[e remedium.' 

And out of Hippacrates he inilances abun- 
dance of Cafes, not only Immerfion for the 
G(7«f, but in moft inveterate Pains of the 
HeadalCof Cr rebiHibus defluciiombus auxili-. 
4/ or, &c. 

He gives you the Hiftoryofan E/tgajb 
Noble-Man, oticTobias Maiihervs^ who for 
twenty Years laboured under a moft vio- 
lent Hcmicraftiam, & dsutijjime abfqaeynter- 
miffione 4 deflaxionepertinaei^ in tantu c^U 
per Pa/alum & Hares m/iaCHle^ at inde ftro- 
phpUfuA jemper madide circumferre cogeretur^ 
dffliBusfuiffet ; tam feltciter diBa capitis im- 
merftone anm atatisjua Co ab utroquefe itf 
commodo liheravify &c. And he fays, that 
the Gentleman lired to more than 70 Yeair 
of Age, and perfeflly freed from any Re- 
lapfe, and that he continued the dipping 
bis Head ever after, and that in the depth 
of Winter; and that he alfo advifed ano- 
ther A'oble-mMt in the fame Cafe to the fame 
Courfe ; ^« cam longumfimili dolors excar- 
ficAtM fiiijffit hoc agendo modo, feipfam & 
i'n^nitos deinde ftmiliter a^eSios^ omnium am 
^pimju integrs jknitatt dontvit. 

PPPfe Of Cdd Baths. 209- ^^ 

Kjt . /i*c etia,m jii^iUri Authoritxte Cormlii i 

jt . /i*c ettam jtabiUn Author tlnte Lorndit. 
,tl[ipAtH ex c. 4, dr 5. fritni lihri Jtii uhi 
/iicit • Eos quibus CA^tti injirmttm efi^ & (tfli- 
4ftis liffituiinihm^ gravedinibu'Sy deJlilUtio- 
fihus i^r tonftllis labor anl, nihil frigida xque 
frodejfe pojfe^ eapafq; per afiatem Urgo Cunn- 
4 aliquAmdiu quotidie fubjicienduw t^ per- 
'tfndendum. Him aliquoram ptteri qui bene 
ifitti funty ut tiies ejfe preferverent audo Cx- 
afte sb ipfif Crepu/idiis mjuriis externis expo- 
rt permittaatuTj fecundum docirinam prsj'iti 
^ruelii Celfi^ qui vult ut omnes qui & bene 
furietf & fui fpoTitis fuaty iis ajfuefcant^ & 
MM rainus in reliquo vita regimi?tey &c. 
^., He alfo affirms, that it cures Toath-ach^ 
iiflammatioii ot the Ejes^ and by ftandmg 
" Cold Water above the L^s, it takes off 
;e Pains of Wind and Colick \ and for the 
rlag of R.ece»t IVt/uttdsj the Bitings of 
td OogSf&i. lie has a loag Difcourfe, and 
sms. 10 back his Arguments with two 
lE^derable Sublhnttajs, Reafaa and Ex- 
^^ He alfo has a very fine Difcourfe of Vi^ine- 
fttegitrj not only as moft admirable in the 
"igae, bocli in pi"cvention and Cure, (if 
\^\y tal(en) but in the Cafe of almolt all 
ffi^i, and tlpceially in that of a^mad 
gy which he compares to betnuch ,the 
iame, as the t^ojjofj of an Jfp. And be* 
laufe Dr. ColUtch has iiillanced a Cafe !>f 
i^iperh Bile ciired by Addii J think.U 


a 10 Of Cold Baths. Pari 

not impertinent here to recite it, though 
'tis fome Digreffion from my Text of Cold 
Water. Cornelius Celfus. Nullum Aeeto 
ijfe prdfiantius remediam^ & R/tttone a fri. 
ori, & ex^erii»tta ipfr contetidit adjuncts 
odolefcentis Hifioria , qui ictus ah Afpidi 
cum ejfetf & fe in Locum contulijfet aqua 
df omm liquore dejiitutum^ O" afualtter jid- 
ti tangemm refer lens, earn evacuetidofimul & 
femet&fttim iutolerahi/em cjr pr^tfentiffmam 
venenum exti/ixir. 

He commends the Herb PimpimlU fteep'd 
in Vinegar, both in the PUgue and other 
FoyfoTH. And Colonel Rosjbn^ a Gentle- 
man of Z,<i«w/i/f?, told me, That when his 
://£)»;*ii/ were atany time bitten by a mad 
D'o^y that he ufed to give them inwardly the 
Juice of Drrfftfs/w with Vinegar, andalfo 
applied it outwardly to the Bite, and it fel- 
dom failed to Cure. But to my Bufmefs; , 

A Lady in Lancafbire, of good Quality 
and Worth, having for fome Years laboured 
under a Complication of Diftempers, but 
chienyA^eri/a/and Hyfttricd, of atbinHa- 
bit, very Pale, a decayed Stomach, faint 
Sweats, and a low languid Pulfe, came to 
Londoa by Direftion of Sir Charles Hearho' 
rough, unto whofeLadylhe was near relat- 
ed,' and had in Confuttation no left than 
Ten or Twelve Phyfictam ; flie had tried aU 
things triable and probable, but fruitlefs and 
in vain, at length when almoft at the Brinb 

Of Cold Baths. 

the Grave^ by the Perfuafions of Dr. 
'borough and my Self^ (he was prevailM 
ith to go to St. MuKgo'sy a very ColdSfring 
Torkjhire^ and there couragioufly imraer- 
;ing to a Miracle, was in lefs than a Fort- 
lights time perfeftly reftored to her Health, 
.nd lived many Years after without any 

And now I am on Sr. Mango's, (^which is 
very cold and quick running Spring, but 
ither too iliallow, it being not above three 
'ootdeep, or very little more, and open at 
'icTop, which is a fault,) having the good 
irtune to meet with that Worthy Gentle- 
Mr. H«/-r;/fl», (attheBaths in5£'«»fr- 
^/fcirffj who is Owner and Proprietor of 
at M''?//, he was pleafed to give me an Ac- 
luntoffeveral great and confiderableCures, 
and thofe to his own Knowledge ; but for 
farther Confirmation, direfted me to write 
\to Torkfhire, to the Minifter of the Place, 
:hich accordingly I did, and here I wiU 
[ferttheSumof hisAnfwer, viz: 
Sir, I met with your's on my Road to 
Torkj &c. I here fend you fome few inftan- 
ces out of many ; but Tiraothy Wehfter^ who 
farms the iVd, thereby having the better 
opportunity to obferve the Cures done, can 
terfurnilhyoui iothe interim be pleas'd 
iccept of thefb few Obfcrvations, viz.. 




Wl Mite * " ; t^, toe of R"^ ^efo 

Eft", *f wS^th.o'h^^'^fnd is to" 
Mirl""' ?" 'can, «^«?"Sortai 

Of Cold Baths. 

WMav) Wharton 0^ Cackermouth^ came in a 
Tripple-Cart, fhc is now mCofgrAve^ and 
has been a fijearer at Harveft-work feveral 

Tour Seri/ant to Commmd. 

J. Richardfon. 

' I my felf faw a Man at St. Mungo that 
_iiid totally loft his Limbs, had fuch a Tor/'or 
knd Numbaffsy that he could not feci an Awi 
f Pin run into his Flclh ; yet before he 
rent away, could feel a Fly touch lys Skin, 
^d I faw him catch a F/j on his Le^ with 
^sHand; he was poor, and almoft naked ; 
fe lay by the Well-fide to receive good Pco- 
Hes Charity, and went into the We// (by 
"fclp) four or five times in a Day. 
' The aforefaid Gentleman, Mr. Harrtfoitj 
Md me, That a poor Woman came to St. 
Hango^s in a Cripple-Cart, having by a Pal- 
^y loft all her Limbt ; fhe came from Lever- 
io/f or near it, in LAmajhire^ and after 
lime time fhe came to him, (being a "J^fiice 
SjF the Peace) defiring a P»fs to go home 
pto her own Country, which is not much 
SJort of a hundred Miles. Heask'd her, 
flie wasnoE the Woman that came fome- 
^me fince in a Cripple-Cart ? She replied. 
She was,and had been at Harveft-work near 
a Month, togetaliitle Mony to carry her 
home ; 

, Of Com J^"^ — 

M^" ^="'^ b oogta People to h, help. ^^^ 

cotne home, he « ^ f^^^a that ;»» 
"'!'="' Cf hi Bafmefs very « "• ^'^ 

U Of Cold Baths. ai5 

(a fCMG Nathaniel, \n whom there is noGmie) 
a Woman brought in a ChUd about five 
Years old, it could neither Go nor Stand^ 
but would fali all on a Lump like a Clout ; 
(and to the beft of ray Memory, fhe told 
me it never could ftand) fhe being but a 
poor Woman, ask'd my Advice, if any 
thing could be done in her Child's Cafe? I 
bid her dip it over Head and Ears in the 
coldeft Wellov SpringWater {hz could get, 
three or four times in a Day, which the 
poor Woman accordingly did ; fome time 
after that, I being come again to the Colo- 
'Wl's Houfe with Mr. Moor^ the Woman 
came into the Parlour with the Child run- 
ning in her Hand, to my great aftonifhment ; 
for at that time, when ladvis'd the Cold 

» Water, looking upon the Cafe as deplorable, 
l little thought it would cure it. 
The Cafe of Dr. GauU's Son-in-law, 
(now a hopeful and ingenious young Gentle*- 
man) is ib well known, that I need not 
mention it, it being a C/jore^, call'd St./-^*- 
tuis'Jigt with ftrangeGefticulations, was 
pcrfeflly cured by Cold Water. Which Dr. 
Fierce, in his Bath Memoirs, has mentioned. 
A Youth aged about Twenty Years, long 
troubled with a ftubborn Qunrtm Ague \ 
after many Medicines tried in vain, went 
into the Qold Water juft upon the Acceffion 
of the Fit, and at one Immerfion was per- 


fef^ly cured ; but to prevent returns, he 
continued it fome time. 

I have known feveral cured by Cold Im- 
merlion in all forts of Agues^ which I affirm 
to be done by the effect of Concentration, 
Freffurfy and Cofitraliion^ (of which in an 
other place) and not thro* Fear or Fright, 
becaufegood Swimmers, where there has 
been no Terror or Apprehenfioxs on the Mind^ 
have been perfeftly cured. 

My.Hugh Hdmmerjlj, an Eminent Gold* 
fmith in the Strand^ near Somerfet Hoafe^ 
had a Daughter curM in a Nerval Cafe, 
where there was an Jphoiiia, a total lofs of 
Speech ; fhe was by Cold Immerfion in 1 5 
Days perfeSIy cured ; This Cafe is well 
kaown to Dr. Gil/hofts, Dr. Gould^ and fe- 
veral others. 

Of the Cure of IVeak Umhs and Rickets 
in Children, I could give you a hundred In- 

Jimes Crook in Conduii-Co/trt, in LoMg' 
Acre over againft the Kjng^s Bagnio^ having 
both Drop/}, 'Jaundice^ ^^^fh R^'t^fffi^ttck- 
funsy and an ioveterare old P«/ff in his Back» 
(aged about 56or 57 Years) which Fainhad 
been upon him 6 Years : He was a poor 
Man ; and formerly (as he faid) was a 
Coachman to his Grace the Duke of Bem- 
fort. This Man was cured to a Miracle; for 
in three times going into the Cold B*th, the 


Part II. Of CoUl Baths. 217 

Swellings in his Legs wcra totally abated 
and gone, together with that old Pain in 
his Butt, as alfo the Jaandtccy blowing 
from his Nofc a gixat quantity of a Biltom 
yellow Matter. 

O- Note, 'That IB rAf Dropfy, efptcuHy the 
Aoafacra, r/w Cure vMy ire folved hji'ppofii^^ 
/i&rff/Af Frigidity andPrcS^arcof theWater^ 
refirin^itig and amt^aciiag the whole Body, 
fquttxing equM/iy sliiMy 'from the Feriphciia to 
*Atf Center, fAf Morbid Fluid »»« foritdfram 
the Habit tnto r/ji; Channels, and hy Secretion 
tkrovu of iiy Urine ; whnh was thu Cafe^ for 
he pilTcd mach more than he Drank ; hut hart 
the Ifterick matter jbouldhe chroivnoffhythe 
Nofe» he that mil tell rue thatj Erit mini mag- 

Mr. To^fial, belonging to the Jfritan 
Heujif from a Bed-i;id Cripple, wis perfcft- 
ly cured in a {hort time. I chink ; facitold 
ne^ he got his Lamenefs by being Ship. 
wradit, andJyinguponaPiankftooTongia 
Salt-Watcr. . 1 ■ :; 

A Scotchman in the Dropfy Jfcittit^ was in 
a fair Way of Recovery when I came from 
London^ Aij/ zoch, 1701. and Ciicc I heat 
tbat be is cured ; He fliew"d mc his Girdle 
withiwhicli he raadc tus Obfervation, and 

tini five Days he has tailed almoftyijc Inthesy 
iadtfaogan to Ff/> fVeoIyv /! ! 
;■■.;■■'•::■ ■ . . -.^..i.j... .u,r:..;j'.. 
1::.;.^ Mrs. 

Mrs. Ride, Daughter to Mr. Kp'fM °^ 
Spittle-Fields, who was fo Oe*f that flic 
could not hear the Bells ring in the Steeple, 
though fhc pafled under them, in a little 
time was fo cured, as to hear the Clock ftrikc 
at hair a Mites distance. She had alfo a 
Hemifltgin, in which flic found much bene- 
fic» but not cured. 

The Cafe of Mrs. Wats o^Lticefier^ is 
moft remarkable, who from a SkeletoH, 
through: an ill Habit, decayed Sfomach, Hff~ 
terick, 6rc and fo tender that flic could not 
endure the Witjd to blow upon her ; by the 
ufe o(Cold Immtrfioa, is become Strong, 
Vigorous, and Healthful; and as I am told 
is hardaed co that degree, that (he walks 
any where in any Weather, without wrtp* 
ping, or catching Cold. 

Cap. Jetre/I, a Daxe, with an inceifaot 

J lain in his Stomachy for a long time, Mt- 
ittcholick, and Hyponchondriack, after ma- 
ny Effays by other means, - was pcrfefHjr 
cured by Cold Immerfton, in Mr, B^ynh Batu 
in London. 

And here Note, cv that Ihaveobferv'd 
in feverai Perfonsafflifted with old invete- 
rate Pains of the Stomach, when neither 
Bitters,. JromMticks, Burnt Wine, or ftrong 
Waters, nor Anodyns, as Opium, &c. nor 
external AppiicatioDs, fuch as Sponges, Fo- 
mentation, Embrocations, d*!^. has all fail'd. 


Part II. Of Cold Baths. 1 1 9 


Cold Water by continual application to 
the Part, for an hour or two, has not only 
given eaie, but in a little time has made, a 
compieat and perfeQ: Cure ; the Stomachick 
Pains when very pungent, are more ex* 
quifite than any, by reafon of the Senlatir 
on of its Membranes interwove with lb mi- 
ny nervous Plexures. This Captain Jerpety' 
by many Phyficians was fupposM to hive. 
an Vlcmin fundo Ventriculi^ for his'PainS 
were never off totally, tho' more fevere irt 
the Night, they began td encreafe upon 
him towards Sun-fet, and held him (in un* 
foeakable Torture) until towards Sun-n- 
fing, all which time he fat up in his Bed, 
rocking and groaning, &c. but thro' Gpd^^ 
Blefling on the means, he \yas cured by the 
Cold Bath, and in publick Prayers return'd 
God Thanks for the fame. 

Mrs. Kjng at the Sign of the Kojd Ex- 

chdffge^ in Leather-Lme^ Holbourr?^ Lame 

for a long and confiderablc time, (I think 

two or three Years, to the bell of my re-; 

membrance her Husband told me fo) fo 

Lame that fhe could not ftir, but as fhe 

was lift in a Chair; it was long e'er fhe 

could be perfuaded unto the ufe of the CoU 

Bithy but after a few Immerfions, fhe got 

^trep^th find now is fo well as to walkabout 


a Mr. 

aio OfCald Baths Pa: 

Mr. Hnynes^ who lives at theCo/d Bath^: 

itew'dmcafortof Regifler^ which hekeptj 

of fcveral forts of Cures, fuch as Jfihma's^^ 

Rheumatifms^ Rickeis^ RuKtiiugGouts^ and, 

jnoft Diieafesin the6'i'/«; and it feldom or 

lliever fails in that curfed Diftempcr that ufu-. 

lally afflifts the fineft Women, the Fluor JU, 

us, , 

There is lately difcovered a Plant boiled; 

^ Broth or Milk, which feldom fails of CurQ; 

{] that Cafe. , y 

Now, Sivy I could give you an hundrc% 

ciuch Precedents^ which would be too iQOffi 

[and tedious, (and to fmallpurpofc;) Iwili> 

V now proceed to two or thi ce very great audi 

[inoftconfidcrabie Cures, the RariotA^ and 

I fuch as crown PJychrolufu^ and are almoin 

incredible, but known LoNge Ute^ue to aHi 

the Country. 1 

The firft is that great and wonderful Oire,- 

done on Mr. Samuel Crew of Lacock in tbfr 

County of Wilts^ taken I'erbitim from his 

Own Letter, which Letter was written in 

the Prefence of Mr. Edward Montigue u 

Leckhim^ one of thcpleafantefi Seats in 

EngUndiax Wood and Water, and was 400 

. Years in my Family of Bajaard^ until latc- 

\ ly loft from the Name, in the Heir General, 

ivilere, according to Mv.Camden^ has bwa, 

gfeat Store of /low^^ffCoinsand Urnsfound| 

and in my time I well remember fevera] 

fertll. Of Cold Baths. ini 

!Ces of Romm Heads and Infcripcions 
iind by Servants and Work-men digging 
p and down the Grounds, &c. Mr. ^^mes 
touRtigttey now the prefent Pofleiror,knows 
^s Relation of Mr. 5<iwa*/ Creip's to be lit- 
erally true, Mr.Crfw being both his Te- 
Cnant and Neighbour, and he faw him in 
the time of his extream illnefs, tho' not 
vifited him fo often as his Brother Edveard 
^ieceas'd, had done, &c, 

^K The Letter is asfoUeweth^ 
^K "¥" The faid Samuel Crew^ about 2 Years 
^» M fince, wasfeized with amoftintole- 
^Rrable Pain in my right Eibo<v^ from thence 
^* the Pain went into the hfieps of both 
' Feet, thence into my other ^rw, and the 

* lower end of my B'tckBone, thence into 
' the Nape of my Neck ; but after it had 

* feized my Neck, it fpread all over me, not 

* only in my Joints, but Fkjh alfo, info- 
' much that the Calf of my Leg was co//- 

* traced as hard as any Iron Wedge, and fo 

* continued three Quarters of a Year, wicli 

* fuch racking Pains as are iuexprertiblei 

* my Belly feem'd to be clove to my Buk' 
^ BonCy infomuch, that it was all Hollow, 

* like a Di/h, and would hold Water when 

* Hay upon my Back; my Fundament s^2S 
' drawn up three or four Inches into my 

* Body, and I was grown fo Thi», and ex- 

Q. 3 tream 

ail Of Cold Baths. Part IL 

tream Poor, that I was Raw and Galled 
with lying, and Lowfy with Poverty of 
Fleflf^ and had fuch Pains in my Ears^ that 
if a Red-hot Iron had been run into them, 
they could not have been worfe; I lay' 
upon my Back half a Year, not being able 
to ftir or move Hand or Fgot in all that 
time. In fliort, the Pain did fodifttaft 
me, that I hollowM and hoop'd like a 
mad.Man^ with extremity of Mifery^ in- 
fomuch that I really thought Hell could 
not be worfe ; nor is it poflible for any 
Tongue to tell, or Pen to write, the Mi- 
feriesl endured. I was worn to a meef 
Skeleton^ and when I went to Stool^ Which 
\vas once in four or five Days,and then for-' 
ced by purging Syrups, &c. no Wofnan 
in extream Labour could have more Pain 
caufed thro' the Contraftion of my Fun- 
dament. I had feveral able Phjftcians with 
me, to whom my Cafe is well known ; 
they prefcribed me Purging , Bleeding 
much, and very often, they Sweat me a 
whole Month together, I took Viper PofP^ 
ders^ Srahs Eyes^ Penrl Cordials^ Sal Vola^ 
tile^ Spirit of Sal Jrmoniack^ Spirit of 
Harts-Horn^ Ojl of Tartar, and feveral 
other Dr^//^ and all the Wood-drinks, 
and all to no purpofe. I went to the Bath^ 
and there bathed, which fo encreafed my 
Fams, that I am well fatisfied^ one Eflay 

^ more 

more in the Bath would have coft me my 
Z.{/e, even in the Waters. At iaft, meet- 
ting with Dr. Baynard^ he perfuaded me 
to go into CnU IVjtterovcv Head and Ears^ 
every Day faftinf^, and ufe the Decottion, 
•oi Wild Sugu^ Ground-ivy^ Ground- Pine^ 
Gtrmander, and a little White Hoir-hoandj 
acidulated with Crttk I'erjuice^ for my con- 
ftant Drink, which I did, and in fix Days 
Immerfion in tlie Water, andufingthc 
Drink, \ was lb well as to wi!k about my 
Grounds, ail my P-Tinsinfenlibly vanifli'd, 
my Stomach wiiich was quite loft and de- 
cayed, wasrcftorcd; Igot A'/rf/f^ri, flept 
found, my i-Zf/Acameon, and myColour 
came into my hace. 

* All this is well known to the Neigh- 
bourhood ,and Country roiind,which with 
my humble Acknowledgments tO-^/w/fj/i/y 
Gc^for this my great Cure, I atteft to be 
Jiterally true. 

Wit net's my Hmd^ lc(.Miain,/iiiic 

Samuel Crew. 


^V The next C'j/f that I (hall ofTer you, is 
^Tltfc' altogether n'. fiirprizirg as that of Mr. 
Crew\ and much more, confidering how 
inftantancoudy it was performM ; and in- 
deed it was a CJne of that momcm» that the 
Learned Mr. Wilham Baxter thought it 
Jifordi inferting in lii? Criticil'ms upon Ho- 



234. Of Cold Baths. Part 11. 

rsce^ Epift. XV. where you have the Hi- 
ftory of that bold Undertaking of Atitonitu 
Mttfa^ thePhyfician, to Immerge the Em- 
peror /4agafiuf in Cold Water : Nam cam do- 
lors Artbritico labor aret^ & ad farrirnxm maci- 
tm ferdu^us tffet^ crc. which had fuch hap- 
py Succefs, that the Senate rewarded him 
with a profufe Sum of Mony : A nd Suetonius 
fays, That the Emperor order'd his Statue to 
be ereQed in the Temple oi MfcaUpiui^ &c. 
But as to this great Cafc,I will give you Mr. 
Baxter's own Words, viz. Rafiictn quidam 
Cof^nomento Plamharius in vico vernaeule af- 
fellato Harrow on the Hill, quod ejl Herga 
five Caftra fuper Colle ; qui quidem 'vicmfatk 
notus efi in medio faxonum nofirorum Pago; 
frdferiim vero nobu qui tn facro tflo monte 
Mufas primujn xdivimits. Laborat htc vir 
fefquimsflriferefpntio imfhanibtu Arthrttidii 
"vagdy Paratyfeos, atque etiawtfpafmAtum do- 
lor ibus^ adeo ac neque Pedibus i/ijijrere valeret : 
Plurimis autem iacajfum tentatts Remediiij 
imo e^ Mercalialifa/i'VA inutiliter mota mifel- 
lui ifie tandem (incredibile diciu) ab omnibus 
ijlis tarn f*vis /jmptomatibuSj vel uniea in 
frigidas rtofiras im'ixerfione ex toto liberatas, 
ad integram fanitatem rejlitutm «/?, j^jfi*' 
tamen firmioris ejficuix eaufa iteralo bis 
terve in eafdemAquas fi demit tere. 

In this Cafe there was one Paflagc omit'- 

ted, which I believe Mv.Baxter had no O^- 


Part II. Of aid Baths. 015 

Dizance of; for Mr. Robert Montague^ a 

worthy Gentleman, who often ufes CoU 

Baths himfelf, and that in the very cxtremi- 

WJ^ of Winter, as well as in milder Seafons, 

iold me, (for I was not prefent the firft time 

jbe was plung'd in) That with Extremity of 

I, fain when he was ttir'd, he faw the Sivettt 

run down the ends of his FtKgers^ and that 

three or four lully Men were ftript to help 

I tim in, and after the fpace of two or three 

)^iautes (if fo long) his Pains were abated, 

aod the Man able to come up the Seeps 

pimfelf, and in 3 or 4 Days (altho'a Coach 

ame for him) yet he walked fome Miles 

owards home on Foot, without any help, 

rr. • 

I remember that a Lady of very great 
biality of ScotUnd, and nearly related to 
pisGrace, 'Diyk^ Hamilton, told mc (about 
|.or 5Yearsrim;e) thatfeveralof h.QvSoriSy 
^ttio' Born ftrong' lufty Children, yet pin'd, 
dwindl'd, and fell into C(3/fvi///;c0j, and di- 
ed in a little time ; and that 3 Highland. 
Woman advifed her either to Wafh or Bath 
them in Cold Water , (I have forgotten 
which) and accordingly the Lad) did fo, 

Kl ever after her Children thriv'd, and! 
well^ and are now lufty Urong Touitg 
a. This, I having had the Honour fince 
to wait upon his Grace, Duke Hamilton af- 
fii'iu'd 10 me to be true, forthe L«(/y wsa; 
Q. 4 his 

3a6 Of Cold Baths. Part 11. 

his own Siffer, and Wife to my Lord Mur* 

In Fevers I have known a great many in 
my time, who by the over-care of their 
fiealth'Wrights were made Delirom^ and in 
their Fhren[y have leapM into a Pond^ or any 
other Cold Water ^ and not one as ever I heard 
of, ever got any harm, but were thereby 

Erefently cured. And Dr.lVi/lu^ I remcm- 
er, inftahces a Cafe or two, wherein they 
have recovered by immerging into Cold fVa^ 
terj either by Accident or Diftraftion. And 
lately I faw at Mr. Charles Frubfhaxp^s in 
Sali6bury Court^ a Servant Maid, who not 
lon2 before being Delirious in a moft intenfe 
Fever, got loofe and leap'd into the River 
Thames^ but being foon taken up by a Boat 
Avas brought home in her wet Cloaths,who 
no fooner being ftript and dry Cloaths put 
on, but fhe went about her Bufinefs, and 
was as well as ever fhe was in her life. I 
had often heard this Story in the Neigh- 
bourhood, but being curious in the thing, 
ifent for the Maid, and had this relation 
from her own Mouth. 

A Learned and Ingenious Gentleman, a 
Do£for of Laws, now living told me, Th^t 
being Light-headed in a Fever, and moft in- 
tenfly Hot and Thirfty, got from his Nurfe^ 
«qd rufh'd into a Horfe^Pond in the Yard, 


Of Cold Baths. aay 

and there rtayM above Iiaif an Hour ; it 
brought him preiently to his Ac»/ej, and al- 
layM both hisKc^f and Thirft. Aftec which, 
when in Bed, hefell intoalbiind Sleep, and 
■whenheau'a!{'d(in a great Sweat) he found 
he was Will, but complained of a great 
Pain in his Head for fome time after, which 
he himfelf thinks proceeded from not wtt- 
twg his Head, 

Mr. Crfrr, the prcfent School-Maftcr of 

J^Urlboroughy told me. That he recovered 

when given over in a fever^ by drinking a 

I- farge Quantity of Cold Hfri/ig Hunter. And 

Lthat I have known in twenty fuch Cafes in 

■ imy time, but that is not to be depended 

upon, for Ibme have alfo recovered by a 

quite contrary Method, as drinking ftrong 

fermented Liquors^ as Cyder, iiack^ C/arefy 

Zee. in large Quantities. See Harnnnut 

'VA/ider Heydeft de »Ja aq.fontmx & ftri Ldc- 


A Turk (a Servant to a Gentleman) fal- 
ling Sick of a Ftver, fomcone of the Tribe 
of Treacle-Confiers, (being calJ'd in) whe- 
ther Jjfothecarj or Fhyjictaff, I can't tell, 
but, (according to Cuftom) what between 
hlifier and Boli/ij they foonmade him Mad. 
A Country-man of his, that came to vifit 
faim, feeing hihi in that Broiling Conditi- 
on, faidnothing, butin theKight-time by 
fome confederate Help got him down to 
ii -■>■'} ^l!;,., the 


38 Of Cdd Baths. Part 11. 

the Tbimes-fidt, and Jbuntlly duckt lum : 
The Fellow came home fenfible, and went 
to Bed, and the nest Day he was perfeQiy 
well. This Stoi v was attefted to me by 
two or three Geatlemen of undoubted In- 
tegrity and Worth; and I doufat it not, 
but believe it from the greater Probability j 
for I'll hold ten to one on the Thames- ftdt 
againfl: Treacle^ Smke-root^ Sfc. and all that 
hot Regimen, which inflames and exalts 
the Blood, breaks its Globles and deftroys 
the Man, and then torfooth the DoSor 
fneaks away like a Dog that has loft his Tail 
and crys it was a pelHIential malignant Fe- 
ver, that no Body could cure, and fo fhews 
his Care of the Remainder, bids ihcm open 
the Windows, air the Bcd-cloaths, and 
perfume the Room for fear of InfeQion, &c. 
And if he be of the right Whining, Canting, 
Prick ear'd ltamp,concludes as they do at T;- 
barn^ with a mournful Ditty, a Pfalm, or a 
prefervative Prayer for the reft of the Family 
&£. fo exit Pr;^, with his flarcht formal 
Ch«ps, Ebony Cane, and fring'd Gloves,e^f. 
Dr. Tarhorough told me, That his Kinf- 
man, Sir Thomas Xarhorottgh, fent him a 
Letter from Rome^ wherein he gave him 
an Account ofa Foo^-»»a»ofhis, who when 
delirious in the Smd/l-Pox, got from his Bed, 
and in hts Shirt run intoa Gr(j»i3 of a Car- 
dinal's, where there was Water, in which 
he plung'd himfelf, but was prefently got 


out; the Smallpox feem'd to beyjK^rjtand 
firMck in, but upon his going to Bed they 
came out very kindly, and nc (afely reco- 

»t But my Worthy and I-uarned Friend, Dr. 
|?W«, ffacw^d me an Account from an Apo- 
Hiecary in Worcejhrjbire^ whofe Name (I 
think) was Mr. Mstthervs-^ the Subrtancc 
of which was, That a Young Man dclirous 
pin the Small FoXy when his Narfe was aflecp 
limp'd out ofRcd, run down Stairs, and 
ircot into a Pond, the Noifc awakM the 
."Jurfc, who followM with an out-cry, 
irhich out-cry ratfcd the /'oj[/e of the Fami- 
y, who furrounded the Porid, butheparled 
with them, and told them, that if any Body 
xme in, he would certainly Drowa 'cm, 
iiod that he would come out when he faw 
lis own time; and accordingly did fo, and 
iivalkc up Stairs, and fat (in his wet Shirt) 
upon a Cheft by thcBed-fidc; in which 
fPoAure Mr. Mattljem found him when he 
Itme into tlic Chamber. Note here, That 
Jw ApothecMrj iiv'd three or four Miles from 
Ithe place, and he was in the Water and on 
Tthc Cheft all tliat while in his mt Shirt, that 
the Mcflengcr was gone for him. This 
Jpothtcary, Mr. Matthews (for fo 1 take his 
I >Iame) ask'd' him, How he did ? He an- 
llwered. Pretty well. HeaskM him, if he 
' i have a clean Shirt, and go into Bed ? 


Of Cold Baths. Part II. 

Hefaid, By and by he would ; which ac- 
cordingly he did. When in Bed, he ask'd 
the Apothecary, If he had nothing good in 
his Pockec, for he was a little faintifli ? He 
laid, That he had a Cordial^ of which he 
drank a good Draught, fo went to Sleep, 
and awaked very well, and in a little time 
recovered. Now, as Dr. Co/eobferv'd ve- 
ry well, A Man, quoth he, would not ad- 
vife his Patieftts in fuch a Cafe to go into 
Coid Water., though this Man efcaped with- 
out Injury ; but it gives a good occafion to 
reflefl: on the many Mifchiefs that attend 
the SmaU Fox in the Hot Regimen^ fince 
fuch extravagant and intenfe Cold does fo 
iitfle or no hurm. 

Dr. Dover ^ o^Brifiol, told me of a Vint- 
ner's Drawer in Oxford^ that in the SmaS 
Pox went into a great Tub of Water, and 
there fat, at leaft, two Hours, and yet the 
Fellow recovered, and did well. 

A Gentleman deiirous in the Small Pox^ 
run in his Shirt in the Snon', at lea ft, a 
Mite, and knockMthemup in theHoufe 
where he went, they being all in Bed, the 
Small Pox fuKky- yet by the benefit of a Loof- 
nefs Tie recovered. 

I remember about two Years fince, a 
Learned Gentleman, a D'fUine, told me, 
That in the Country, where he was Bene- 
ficed, in a fmall Town, not far from him, 
11 H many 

linany died oi a. Maliga*»t Small fox. A 
Icertain Sa/, a Farmer's Son, was feized 
I witli a Pain in liis HeadanA Back, vomited, 
I was feverifh, &c. and had all the Symp- 
\toms of the Smu/l Pox. This Youth had 
[ promifed feme of his Comrades to go a 
, Swimming with them that Day, which 
notwithftanding his Illnefs, he was refol- 
ved to go, and did fo, but never heard 

tmore ot his ^ma/i Pox. Within three or 
four Days, the Fathtr was fciz'd juft as the 
Son was, and he was refolv'd to takeT^^cFx 
Remedy; his I4^ife dilTwaded him from it, 
but he was rcfolv'd upon it, and did Im- 
merge in Cold i'Vater^ and was after ic very 
well. The Worthy Gentleman that told _ 
me this Scory, promifed to give me it ittl 
writing, with the Perfons Names and Place; " 
but I neglecting of it, he went out of 'Town 
in two or three Days, fo I lo{t the oppor- 
tunity of being better inform'd. 

Mr. Lamberty Brother to my Worthy 
Friend, Mr. Edmo»d Ldmbert of Bojian^ in 
the County of ^Vilts^ told me, That when 
he was at School in Dorfe/jhtre^at leali: thir- 
ty or more ol the Boys, one after another, 
fell Sick of tlic SmaS Pox, and that the 
Nurfe gave them nothing elfe but Milk 
and Jpphs in the whole Courfe, and they 
all recovered. There was but one diflent- 
ing Boy from that Method, who. by com- 


33 a Of Cold Baths. 

mand from his Parents, went another 
Courfe, and hehad like to have died ; nay, 
with very great difficulty they faved his 
Life. And fince another Gentleman told 
me, Thathimfelf, and divers others, were 
cured by Milk and Apples, and buttered 
Apples, in the worft fort oi'SmaS Pox, 

I was at Chifwickf and fometimes in Lon- 
iottj in the time of the great Flagae^ in the 
Year 1665. and I very well remember, that 
it was the Talk of the Town, that a Brew- 
er's Servant at Horfleydomn, in Southwarkf 
was fetzed with it, and in his Delirium rua 
into a Horfe-Pond^ firft drank his fill^ 
and then fell faft afieep with his Head upon 
the Pond's Brink, where he was found io 
the Morning; howlonghehad been in the 
Pond, no Body knew, for it was in the Night 
he went into the Water, and had no Narfe 
then with him, but he recovered to a Mi- 

I heard alfo about chat time of a Nurle 
taken with the Fitgue, that accidentally 
fell into a Well, fomewhere near JHon^ 
and was immediately brought to her Se^fes 
and recover'd. I was told this by fome A- 

Notey That during the time of the PUgtu 

there was fuch a general Calm and Serenity 

of Weather, as iffK/Wand /l^//) alfo had 

been baailh'd the Realm, for, for many 


Weeks together I could not obferve the 
leaft breath of Wind, not enough to ftir a 
Weather-Cock or Fane, if any, k was Sou- 
therly ; the Fires with great difficulty were 
made to burn, I fuppoie, through the great 
fcarcity of Nitre in the Jir^ there fell abun- 
dance oiMildem, and the very Birds would 
pant for Breath, efpecially Crorv/, f(tteSf 
&c. and I obferv'd them to Fly more henvity 
than at other times. It was obferved alfo, 
thatfuch as dwelt in Water-Mills, and kept 
home alfo, fVater-Mea, B»rge-Men, &c. 
that were imployed on the River-y were 
not at all, or rarely infefted with the 
PUgae. I remember that I heard an Apo- 
thecary fay, (I think it was Mr. Thomtts 
Seiner) who lived then on London^Bridge, 
(an ingenious, fober Man) that there were 
but tvro Verfans died on the Bridge in the 
whole time of the nfitatioH. The Truth 
of this may eafily be inquired into, there 
being many Men now alive, that then liv- 
ed on the liridge, or near it. And I have 
been lately told, by fcveral Eminent Men, 
living on London-Bridge, that they have 
obferved, that for the quantity of Houfes, 
that the Bridge fcapes better than other 
parts of the City, in any Contagious time 
whatfoever: as alfo Fifhmongers on the 
Hill, are generally healthful; which muft 
proceed from the much ufe of and dabling 


154. Of Cold Baths. 

in Cold Water, which concinualiy evapo- 
rating , and arifing moderares the Heat 
and Ferments of the Air, rendered infaln- 
brious by fo many Heterogeniou^ Exhala- 
tions, &c. whicli rault arife from fo 
many Sinks, Bog-houfes, and other Cada- 
verous Fumes, which cannot be avoided 
in fo great, popoulous, and large a City, 
&c. At that time- Feople were generally 
Fiii»t^ and proclive to S-veat, creeping low 
PalJ'es^ but when firft itifeftcd, very high. 
Dr. Hodges, an Eminent PhyficUv^ then in 
London^ Author of an Ingenious Book, De 
Pefig, with whom I ufed to drink a Hottle^ 
told me, That he diftinguifbed the PUgue^ 
[pots from thofe of the Scurvj, by running 
a P/« up to the Head in them, for they were 
mortiSed and indolent, &c. 

Now how Cold Water fliould cure the 
Plagae, is pa ft my Philofophy ; but if thefe 
Relations were true, we muft concecd to 
it, for there can be nothing faid againft 
Fiici: Now a fudden /'/ft«^f and Immsrfion 
into very Cold Water, where there is a great 
quantity of ir, muftbe tliegreatell ^//^J- 
ttve in Nature, for it muft give a new Mo- 
tion to all the Spirits, both from its Fri/Ui- 
ty as well as Prejjare^ by driving them from 
their Pofis to another Jlclioa ; for I conceive 
Life to bean aftual FUme, as much Flame 
as any Culinary Flame is, but fed with its 

f¥artIL Of Cold Baths. 3^5 

sculiar and proper Pabulum^ made out ot 

he Blood and Spirits for chat purpofe: and 

joy Reafons are thefe, viz.. 

Firfiy Life is as extinguifhable as any 

"^ other i7.H«e' is, by excluding the ^/r, &c. 

for hold your Handkerchief clofe to the 

Mouth and Nofe of any Animtl that has 

~ ungs, and Life is put out, the Creature is 

ad in a Moment \ there Is no Skin broke, 

or Bone broke ; no Wound, nor Bruife ; 

Pifeere Is your whole Man, but dead he is. 

Seco/fM)i, No Fiame will burn without 

^rUl Niter, or a ^iii Jeriam, whatever; fome will have it a m\\'d Gas ofNi- 

_^r and Sulphur; but whateverit be, 'tis 

edufsfinequitnori^ fomething without which 

00 FUme will burn: and that the Lungs 

ferve to this ufe, and arc Jir-Sirairters^ is 

very clear to me, by that Experiment of 

the Caffdle and two Pappy-dogs, put into 

a great Oven, and ftopc clofe up with a 

Glafs-Door to fee through; and in a little 

time, when they had fuckM in fome, and 

the Candle wafted the reft of the Niier, the 

Do^fdied, and the Candle went out with 

them at the fame inftant * . ^j„,^_ rb^K-Ttrimm, 

That F/>e burns fierceft in f /'-'Uog.dndcanJie, t 

Wtenle rrojty is palt all ■^eryg^o^^uiinriijfotiit 

Fdifpute, which muft be al- *^Z:Uihrlt^' ""' 

Wed to proceed from the 

''4ft quantity of roUri/e Niter then in the 

R Air. 


Of Cold Baths. Part 11. 

Jir. Hence came the uie ot Bellows to 
draw the Aereal Niter in at the Vdve or 
Clack, (placed in the middle of the under. 
Battle-door of the Bellows) which clofing by 
the PreJJare of the KiW, fqueezeth it ouc 
of the Rofirum or Nofe, together with the 
Air its vehicle, fo forces it by the blaft intd 
the Sulf>har of the Coal; which A£lion by" 
their Union makes Aecenfton , or that whiclt 
we call kindling. Now all Vftion^ as tho 
quid infiAmmnbile walH, leaves by Incinera- 
tion AicAliom and Cauftica/ Salts, either fixM 
or volatile, which from their Figure or im-« 
bibed Fire, become of a pungent CorrofivA 
Nature, and fix upon the A/fmir<*»«, beinfl 
Nervous and moft exquifite ot Senfe anfl 
Perception, which by Irritation caufe t 
light InfiAmmntidfi, which Inflammation fl 
called Thtrfi; which Salts hang on all th< 
Membranes lefs or more , but chiefly aboul 
the Mouth and To/igue, there being mofl 
Harbour and Shelter for them, by real<M 
of its downy and Januginous Membrane; 
which AWfj are melted and wafh'd ofFl^' 
Drinking., the groffer by AVeo/ with the fi^ I 
lid Excrements, but thofe of more voluih 1 
and fubtile Particles creep with the Chjli 
. into the Bloody and have no way out but 
by Vri»e. Hence Water is the beft men- 
firaum to dilToIveiW/*, and that which is 
moft Simple and Elementary is the bcil 

FiL Of Cold Baths. 3^7 

fWdterj as leaft impregnated; fuch Waters 
wafhoffand dilTolve their Points and An- 
gels, by which they prick, fheath and in- 
i Vellop them into their own Pores, and with 
Ithemielves run them off by Vri»e, and 
fo forced by Meat and Motion, as to 
'fturbthem in their Paitage, the Current 
iVrine IS check'd, and the AV^j leave their 
^old of the Water, Ihoot their Vortex, and 
ora the Chxnnets get into the Habit of the 
)odj^ which if not difolved, melted, and 
hrown ofTby Sweat, they inflameand caufe 
Ttvers, &c. nor will they ceafe their Afti- 
I'ton and Inquietude, until totally dijfolv^d^ 
dr forced back into their common Pajfa^ef, 
and the Salts precipitated and run down by 
Vrine: for I look Upon the Pores and Sweat- 
wf»/j"as fo many Back-doors and SiHj-^orts^ 
by which Nature drives out the Bnemj crepc 
into her Garrifon. This truth isdcmonftra- 
ted in all Fevers, where the Caajlkal Sdis 
are not wafli'd off, but remain behind on the 
Glands and AUmbrAnes^ forfaken of their 
diffolving Menftruunty the Water, &c. 
which that Ingenious Chymift, Mx.Gecrge 
Moulff byChymical >4«4///// made appear 
infix Quarts Q^ febrile Vrtne, whidi I fent 
him, and he found but the tliirtieth part of 
thole Salts ufually found in a found Man's 
"^rine: fo that of ncceflity tliey mult re- 
main behind, and be I&ft (like fo many 
R 2 t'rvnh 

0^8 'Of Cold Baths. Partus 

French Dragoons) to Quarter on the Bloa 
and Spirits at Difcretton. The Hiftory ( 
which is printed in the Philofophical TranfJ 
aftions feme years fince. 

Now, that which we call infenfible Pw-J 
.fpiratioa is nothing elfe but the Smoak, madtfj 
from this vital F/ame, and the Pores are thjl| 
SpirAmentu through which it pafles, 
when thefearey/o/'V, theSmffiitisreturnV 
and the Flame hccomQ,%reverberatory^ whirf 
fometimes is neceflary to force an ObftriS 
ftion, &c. for the Body has its Regijters anJl 
Vent-holes as well as other Fartraees ; and in 1 
this Cafe Co/cl Wner is the beft Method of I 
doing it, which muft not be continued too 
long, for fear of Extinftion in very weak 
Bodies; though lam apt to believe, that 
upon a total Occlufion of the External Pom, 
a great part of tliat Smoak goes through the 
Lungs, and out of the Mouth, otherwife 
Men could not continue fo long in CM 
Water, as feme Ship-wrack'd Men have 
done; And to prove this, if when you are 
iiptothe C*&w mCvld Water, you breath j 
through a Hiort Tru^k or hollow Cane, your I 
Breath fhall foil a Lookhfi^-Glafs ztzX'OiC&t 
twice the dirtance, as it fball, when thr 
Preifure is taken ojf, and you out oftM 
Water, &c. But to proceed, thefeA'i/ttl 
fometimes Cryjlatlize, fo that the commoul 
MenfifUA will not touch them no more thu 

KrtlL Of Cold Bath. 

I File wil) Steel pr hardned Iron, and then 
t is a true Didetes, (and here the PhyficU 
! is at his Wits end, and that no far Jour- 
;) then Hey ! for Lime-water, Quince- 
j and other Reftringents, which if ic 
J poflible, would rather make a Coaief- 
', and tye the Knot the harder; no, 
the Cure lies in Solution, by melting down 
the Salts, which rauft be done by open, 
raw, and unimpregnated Mefijhua^ fuch 
as the £tj-/y?cj/- Waters are, as moft Simple^ 
having the leart Contents in them, they be- 
ing nothing eife but Waters dirtill'd by Sub- 
terranean Heats in thofe vaft Mountainous, 
Rocky Cavtrns and Ovensy and 6nding 
Lodgmentsand Gutters in the Clefts of thofe 
hollow Rocks, which when full, run over, 
and by Circulation and conftant Diftillati- 
bns, arc perpetually fupply'd, and make a 
continual Sprirtgy &:c. But more of this in 
another Piece I defign to publifh, when 
my other occafions will give me leave, I 
Tiall here only add two Letters from Mr. 
f/o«, to my Ingenious Friend Major Hdn- 
iirjiy concerning the wonderful Cure of 
; Go»t in Sir Henrj Conningshy^ as alfo 
I Account from Sir He»rj himfelf to Mr. 
which I now have fent laft Poft to 
5 from the Mayor. 



a4.o Of Cold Baths. 


From Mr. Mott to Major Hanbury, 

S I Ry Bewdly, Junes. >7oi' 

'T7'0ur''s of the 24th of Ma; I received,. 
I but it had the misfortune to come by 
tneLarfte Poft^ or elfe you had fooner re- 
ceived an Anfwer, &c. Yelterday, accord- 
ing, to your defire, I waited on Sir Heary 
Comfjgshj, who gave me as pleafant and as. , 
agreeable Entertainment, as could have 
been expefted from an Ingenious Gentle- 
man of Thirty Years of Age, had he not 
wanted the Ufe of his Z-e^J, which is the 
only Deficiency in him, his iw/c^e^j being 
as found and firm as ever, which you may 
partly perceive by the Account he gives of 
his OTw C</e,written with his fl8'»//4W, He 
is now in the 88th Year of his Age^ and yet 
takes away 16 or 18 Ounces of B/00*^, once 
every three Months, and drinks nothing 
but Spr(i9g-W*ter, and now and then a 
little Brandy. He farther acquainted me. 
That his Fingers and Toes being full of 
Chalk-Stones, (the Remains of Gouty Pi- , 
raxjjms) they were totally dijfolved and . 
gofie, and thofe Parts rellored to their na-r 
tlirtl Size by the ufe of his Cold Bdtb, 
which the old Knight is pofitive will iofal- 
l.bly Cure that Diftemper in any Perfon, 
he having had no Fit for feveral Years. 

'art 11. Of Cold Baths. 34.1 

'hefe, Sir^ are the mod material things I 
jld inform my lelf of, and in any thing elfe, 
:. Command. 


Tour much obliged humble ServMt, 

T. Mott. 

from Major Hanbury in London, 
to Dr. Baynai'd at the Bath, 
June loth^ 1701. 

Dear Doclor, 

Cr^H T S I have received from Mr. Mott 
I of Beardljf in Worcejierfbire , within 
ree Miles of Sir Henry Cofihgsbfs: I 
Eprote to Mr. Mote, not being fure that Sir 
Henry was living, but he is, and I have 
fent you a Paper \vric with his own Haad^ 
being his own Cafe. 

His Weaknefs now in his Legs, is from 
his -(4^f, and former Gout, but not in the 
leaft Paralytick . I wifh this come in your 
time. .If you have received this, let me 
know by a Line direfted for me at Richard's 
^ iffee-Houfe, Temple-Bar. 

I am your faithful, &c, 

John Hti^urj, 

R4 A 

24.4. Of Cold Baths. P( 

any Relief from what he had taken ; but 
going over a narrow Bridge in I'Vofi'y Wca- 
thcr, he fell over it into the Water, covered 
with Ice, in which he ilood with his Mouth 
\\il\ above the Water, and made his way 
out as foon as he could ; when lie came home 
he got a warm Shirt, tooic fomi; Broth, or 
other warm Liquor, flcpt well that Night, 
the next Day found his Cough almoin gone, 
and within a very few Days was altogether 
free from it. He is a fober, creditable Fel- 
low, yet living, and can attcfl: the fame. 
This happen'd before I knew him. I am, 


R. Bcttenfon. 

The fame Man having the SmaH Pox 
when he was a School-Boy , after they 
had been out a Day or two, rofe out of 
his Bed, put on his Cioaths, and played 
with other Boys, on whicli the Small Pox 
difappcarVl, a purging followed, and con- 
tinued a rortnjght, by means of that he ci^ 
capcd and was well. 

A Genileman that was my Patient here 
lad Year, told me, Thataboot Three Years 
fincc he had taken Cold, on which followed 
a Cough and Shorttiefs of Breath, this con- 
tinued about a quarter of a Year, he fpit 
with it, and was emaciated and wcaken'd 

Of Cold Baths. 14.5 

> much, that he walked very feebly. Go- 
to fee fome Friends near St. Mongab's 
he bathed there, and in three or 
ur times doing fo, was freed from his 
Cough, and in a (hort time recovered his 
Jlefh and Strength, &e. as by bathing in 
^hefe hot Baths, and drinking thefe Waters, 
he recoverM that Pain and Weaknefi of 
Limbs, which Rheumatifm and Scurvy 
|Md lefc, &c. and I heard lately he is very 
althful and well. 

R, Bettetifon. 

Mj dear DoSior, 

Ccording to your Commands I have 

_^ (though very imperfe£lly) fent you 
Be bcft Account of the Cold Bath's Virtues, 
Itceived by feveial of our Parifh. 

Imprimis, John Plummer, Tenant to jRi- 
rt|<rd P*ge^ Efq; of Vxendon in ParoehU 

if Harrow^ &c. which you have alreadly 
^ken notice of. 

2dly Witum Tij/or^ my Footman, put 
to a Carpenter in our Parifh, in the Ham- 
let of Pi/ttfcr, who ferved about j Years, 
~~as feized with a Rheumatifm in all his 
»nts ; the Phyficians were confulted, they 
iok away muth Blood, and direQ:ed a. 
we Diet, viz.. Water-Gruel, (ire. for 
out two Months, which proved incffe- 
" ' aual 

046 Of Cold Baths. Part 

ftual. He was fent home to his Indigent 
•I'arents to be taken care of; by their Ad- 
vice I fenr him to the Cold Bath, and in 
lets than a Months time he returned to his. 
Mafter, and has continued well and lufty 
without Pains, (which is two Years fince) 
' and is (who was a Durgen before) becoms 
""i ftout proper Fellow. 
|y Thirdlj, Samuel Greenhili my next Neigh- 
li)our» and a Man of a good Eftate of nis 
^own, and Rents about 150/. per Jnnut9\ 
* wasfeiz'd, as I think, in AZ-i^laft withtha 
Rheumatifm in every Joint, and continued 
fo (though he had the help of feveral Phyfi- 
cians) for at leail: fix Weeks. He was 
wrapp'd up in Flannel, and not able to 
move without the afliftance of feveral Per- 
fons to help him. I direfted him (by youc 
Advice) to the Cold Bath. The day fol- 
lowing he had my Coachj and biolftred up 
with Pillows for his Conveyance, and im- 
mediately upon his arrival, (with a little 
refpit after the Fatigue of his Journey) was 
put into the Chair, and let into the Bath; 
before three minutes were* over he w^i' 
brought up again ; he then walk'd up Stairs 
and in an Hours time walk'd to CUre-Mar- 
ket to his Lodgings, at alKinfman's: H^' 
had not before this Virtue receiy'd, been 
able to ftir, yet in left than a Fortntghts 
fime he rccovgr'd his Health, and follow'a 


lis Plowing, and is free this inftant from 
Pains, and all his Swellings; tho' every 
Joint was as big as if blown up by a Blad- 
der, yet were they reduced totneir'iifual 
bi^nefs ; he had no Stomach, but the firft 
Night after he walked to Qdre-Marht^ eat 
a very plentiful Supper of Flefh (which he 
naufeated from the firft timeofhis illnefs.) 
I could add more, but I have had a Glafs of 
Wine too much. 

Foarthlj^ Your humble Servant was vi* 
fited with the fame Diflemper about three 
Years fince ; he had no more than one Phy- 
Ccian, (but never without one for fix Weeks 
together) ; he never ftirred in his Bed with- 
out the help of fix Perfbns to remove him 
(though 'twas but one Inch); they took 
away, at lea (t, 170 Ounces of Blood, and 
had no other Diet than one or two at the 
moft, of Water-Gruel, or Milk-Pottage 
for that time. He was able by purfuing 
of the above Directions to go upon Crutch- 
es; but coming to Town about a Week 
after, 1 went to the Cold Bath, and by the 
(irft going in, I was able without the help 
of Supporters to come to my Lodgings, and 
within a few Days was reliored to perr 
feft Health; and when the Pains have re- 
turned, by making ufe of the Water I have 
found the fame Relief 



ap Of Cold Baths. Parti 

Fifthly^ S. Ltthwell this Winter has been 
very bad with the like ail, but in lefs than 
a Foytnights time was reftored to the afe 
of his Limbs, and now is well. 


Ifyou and I were together, Icouldhave 
given better Satisfaftion than what you 
will meet withal from this Paper. I hope 
you win not Print it till I fee you, (though 
I think I may fwear to every particular); 
This is all the trouble at prefent you fliall 
receive from 

four humble Servant, 
Much 9, 1 701. 

Edw. WaUo. 

I have obferved many times, that thofc 
who ufe Cold Baths, are not fo Dry and 
Thirfly as other People are ; nay altho' very 
Thirfij when they got into them, yet af- 
ter a Httle time their Thirft fhall vamjb and 
idfdte. Difcourfing on this Subjeft with my 
learned Friend, Dr. Dn^g of Shirhourn in 
Dorfetfbire^ he told me, That he had read 
one Aiexunder A^hroi^ifitUj a Phyfician, who 
affirms the fame thing. 

And here I may very pertinently let you 
know (Sir jfo/'»,) what my learned and 
good Friend, Dr. Saverj of Mdlbarough in 
Com, Wilts, told me on this Head, (by 

luck) Ihavejuft now (unlookcfor) 
lound his Letter written to me two or three 
Years fince, as I guefs, for it is without 
Date ; and that jrart of his Letter which re- 
lates to this Subjeft' I have here tranfcri- 
ibed. His Words are thefe, "viz, 
' * A few Days fince, talking with a Coun- 
try-fellow of tolerable Senfe, about what 
,* would procure a Stomach to Eat ; one 

* propofed ukiag the Mr ; another Riding j 

* a third Old hoc. Come, come ! fays my 

* Fellow, I have tried all thofe w/iys yOu 

* talk of, but nothing is like going a Fifli- 
' ingup to the Chin in Pi^ater for an Hour 
' or two, that will get you a Stomach I'll 

* warrant you, nor am I Dry, &cc. Dear 
it DoQior I am 

, S. Savery. 

Now, to folve this Pfj,er>omenoa , and 
give a tolerable reafon how Standing or 
Swimming in Cold Water fhould quench 
Thirft^ fince it will not be allowM that it 
enters the Pores of the Skin ; if it did, it 
could not get into the Dlood-i'ejfeis, and di- 

Ilute the Salts there ; no, I think there is 
but this one reafon for it, which muft ferve 
until fomebody offers me a better, viz. 
That the fudden plunge into Cold Wditr^ 
caufcs a very fudden Contraflrion, which 
Contraftion dr iving the Sptrtts and flutdt 

from their prefent JciJony Pofiure, or Pofis 
they were in, may either diflodge the 5i//r, 
or change their Figure^ for they do not 
caufeT/«r/2untilthey fettle, and fting, and 
prick the Memhrane; for wh lift they arc 
fwimming in the fiaid, they are muzzled 
and invelloped in the clammy and glutinous 
Parts of the Menjiruum. Now, though 
the Sdlts are fettled, aud Thirft is really 
commenced, yet by prefling the Fluid out 
of the Hubit into the Channels^ rauft fcov/er 
and wafti offthe Aj/fj in the current, and 
precipitate them by Vrme\ for we fee Hor- 
fes, and all other Animals, generally P//} 
when they come into CoH iVater, which h 
done by contraciiaz the Parts, &c. Or elle 
the Reafon muft be this, all Water, eva- 
fonttes continually, and the higher thofe 
aqueous AVe-im/ rife from the Surface of the 
Water, the more dilated and (eparated 
they are, and mix'd with the ^;r, and confe- 
quently by the Beams of Light, which is 
expanded Fire^ are heated fo, that they are 
notfo apt to coal the inflam'd and ibirft- 
ftung Membrane. 

Now, when a Man is up to theC(&/*in 
water, his Moutli is fo very near the Sur- 
face, that he fucks the Steams of it into his 
Lungs cool and crotvded^ together with the 
Jir, which is rendered much the cooler by 
mixing with the evaporating Particles of the 

Of Cold Baths. 

which being drawn by Suflion iii- 
3 the Mouth fo moistens it, as to make the 
ondens'd cUmmy Spittle more flaidj and 
lelps to I'acilitatc Deglutition. 
, I could wifh that the Chance-mongers of 
ur Hap- nap-faculty would Read left, and 
%hink more ; at leafl improve that Reading 
fThiakitigj and not take a parcel of Stuff 
J)on Tieky and Bury their Patients in a 
fomb of Book- PI under: They may as well 
prelcribe the powder of an old fafliioo'd 
itd-Pofi, as feme of Old Ntcholas^^ Receipts 
W. and to learn to know PUnts more, and 
iompound lefs, which is the great ^j()/«ff« 
" Ignorance, blended and niixt up with 
ftavery. I remember when I was at Ley- 
t in Hohfidy not much Ihort of 40 Years^ 
fince, walking in the Phyfick-Garden, a 
Scotch Gentleman, a Student there, asked 
the Profeffor, hraacifats de U Boe Sjlviiu^ 
What Ayftnthium nurinum was good for ? ^ 
The Profeffor fmilingly ask'd him, What) 
Country-man he was r He anfwer'd, Scoto-^ 
britaanw. He ask'd him, If in their Me- 
tropolis, Edenhurghy they had not fuch a , 
Punilhment as the Boor to extort Confeffion 
from the ftubborn Criminals ? He anfwer'd , 
Yes. Why then, quoth Hjlvnti, take this 
Plant in his luxuriant Seafon, Root and. 
Branch, and clap him into the if^^cr, and 
, fqucezc it hard, for without it mtfejftsy 1 
S doubt 

.555 Of Cold Bath. 



doubt neither Thee nor I Iha!! ever (truly! 
know what his virtiicsare. The moral isplain. 
If a Man rightly confiders the Syn/pathies 
and Antipathies between all created Beings, 
the myfteriousand unaccountable hermenr^ 
things broken and mixt have within them- 
felves; Howofcen we miftake, even in cut 
greateft Care, and take 770/1 cuafi, pro eatti 
y*, and give that praifc to the Medicine 
which is more often due to Nature, and i 
good Conftitution: Ifweconfider buttha 
one Ccmpofition of Gun-prnder^ how nic " 
it is -, firft no Coil will do but WiHoiv or Jt 
dffy and that rew burnt too, while thejffrj 
Particles are in it, andfuch and fuch dij 
Proportions of Feter?in6Brmfio»e\ if yoi 
take away a third ot thefe, or abate in ne- 
verfofmaila quantity, or add never folilS 
tie of a fourtli thirii;;, 'tis all fpoil'd ; how i 
muft be granulated and corn'd that the Ai 
may lodge in the J//ter/}iiW*s, or elfe it wil 
Fiz, but not explode, as we may fee intl^ 
bruifed Dui\, of winch they make Rockeh 
and Serpents. 

Now 'tis p:ift doubt, that the fame Parf 

ty ofReafon lies in all Compounds, ifw{ 

could find it out; every Plant which we 

[ call Simple, is compounded bytheunfearclt; 

able Wifdom of the great Compounders 

tibr what can we fay, when wefindtliai;^ 

[ the Root, Stalks, Leaves, Flowers, and. 

Seeds, in many Plants have their differeoc' 


r*Jis, and different Firtaes', why fhould 
ne Flowers of the 5/fl?-Tr« purge, audtlie 
Pruit bind ? fo of the ^//m^ and Medlar, 
Bjc. All that remains, is, let Men cndea- 
f" vour to know as much as they can, and be 
I honert in that Knowledge. As for my own 

r' irt, if I could wifh or blow a Man well , 
would do it without Medicine: 1 have I 
f lliank God a great deal of Pity and Comfaf- 
KjKf» in my Nature, ahd cannot be eafie, 
I whilft I fee another in Pai/t and Mtivrj. 
dnd if I could but eftablifh fome few Cer- 
iintics in my Profeflion for the good of 
jHankind, I did notcare^ the' I my felf 
Irene as naked as I was born» to my Grave. 
I hope, Sir "John, you, and all good Men 
ate of my mind, and it" every one would do 
a little, each fet his Hand to the P/on-, and 
be' Sincere, Faithful, and Honeftin what 
they difcover, it would be pleafingto God, 
and beneficial to. V/./ff. I defign to go into 
Ldftajbire when the Seafon is over at the 
Bath, to fee my old Friends once morebe- 
tore I die. 1 fpcnt the beft pare of my 
Youth among them, fo can't but have a 
Love and Rcfpeft for them ; and in my 
Journey fhall call at Liichpld^ to pay that 
Refpeft to Sic ^ohn Flayer, which is due 
from his 

Afs/? hrnnhU mi. obliged Strvtnt; 
Hdw. Baynard. 

.5 54- Of Cold Baths. 

Iliad(SirJohtf) almoft forgotten two ow 
three remarkable Paflages in our Coldi 
He^imen^ which (liould not have been omit^ 
ted, becaufe tliofe Cafes fiequcntfy occur^ 
The firll is in weaknefs of the /*?;»«, and) 
loft Ereciiony often through ill cured Geno/m 
rhedd'sand Gleets^ &c. And fometime&bj( 
that curfed School- wickednefs of Msfiur* 
lattouy (resf(eda dtitu) by which many ^ 
young Gentleman has been for ever undooq 
which fo weakens the Parts, that whefl 
they come lo Manhood renders them (t( 
Women rediculous, becaufe) Impotenti 
a Vice condemii'd by the Heathen Foet^ 
&c, as Mania/, Epigram-, in Pcm/cam, &Cf, 
fuch, I fay, I have known perfeftly Lured^ 

and made Potent ad ^&c. when all oihcCi 

Remedies have faiPd, nay, and after fortfii 
Years ftanding, when the Cafe has heeffi 
old, and no hopes of Cure ever expeGed ij 
where tlie Crem/in's, the Mufcles of their 
Te(imomes, have been weak, and tlie Clock- 
weights of their Hearts ilink and hung low^ 
C^-c. there 1 fay, in more than Twenty fucl» 
Cafes the Cold U'ater (together with ave» 
ry little other help) has wound up theiri 
Watch, and fet their VfndultiM in Jlatu ^a^ 
&c. One Hiftory wliereof is moft remarka^ 
ble of a certain Gentleman well-knOWfli 
about Town for his great Strength and 
Courage, tfince kill'd ia a D«t/) who was 

PartU. Of Cold Baths. 

not fhy ofhis unhappy Difafter, after tak- 
ing all the CUp-Coarfes over and over to no 
f)urpofe, but to his Oertruftion, by need- 
els repeated BleediHg and Purging^ which 
'^nought him down almolt to the Brink of 
■ifie Grave; he Tent for me to confuk me in 
}iis Cafejwhicli was a violent Gket and loft 
^Ere£fio», of four Years (landing, and not 
above 29 or 30 Years of Age. I told him 
I would try what I could do for him ; in 
order whereunto, I bid him go into the 
Country, out of the fight of any IVomen, 
and find out fome very Caid Spring or River^ 
where he fhouid firft plunge over-head, 
then put on his Shirt, Coat and Hat, to 
prevent catching Cold from the Wind and 
\\r. and fit uptothe Waiftfor an Hour at 
1ea(r, Night and Morning, and for a Month 
irink nothing but new Mil!{ twice a Day 
Veetne'd wim Sugar of Rofes; at Noon 
t well-roafted-Mutton with Cold Salets, 
Cue/fibers^ Lettice^ PurjUne^ &c. and 
Irink nothing but Spring-Water with a 
ttle CUrec-IVine, and at Night wrapupi 
hWhore-Tackle'm a Linnen-Cloath, wee 
i ftrong Vinegar and Claret-Wine, and fo 
to Sleep; which Dircftions he punftually 
obferved, and in lefs than 14 Days he was 
well as ever he was in his Life ; but I 
ubt returned to his old Trade, and Wo- 
:anizM as much as ever. Andinfeveral 
S ] others 

Of Cold Baths. 

others, I have found nothing better than' 
Cold Immerfioit to invigorate and ftrengthen 
all thoCe Parts, nay, even when the Pati- 
ent has been reduced almoft to D/jpair and 
fomc to DiJlra£}io/i, their Heads running 
perpetually on the Ruin of themfelves and 
tlieir Pofterity. And I muft fay, that 
thro' the many miferable Speftacles, and 
fuch deplorable Cafes I have feen, that 
Pexes and CUps, i<tc. is the grcateft Curfe 
that can befal a Man in this Life. And I 
here declare, as old as lam, rather than 
have any Infirmity in that Corner of my Aft- 
crocofm^ I would chufe ro be hang*d this mo- 
ment; for a Man does not only ruin bim- 
felf, but docks the hta;I of his own Ulood^^ 
and brings a ^e piii^ ulira on his NumezxiQ, 
F*milj i lb that one falfe Step in the Whorssg i 
Adventurer is not only the Ruin of himfelf' 
but all hhFoJferiij, a confiderationof Note, 
and difmaItoreflefton,efpecialIy to fuch mif- 
erable Wretch es,w ho feFolly and Incogitance^ 
has embarqu'd 'em in the Misfortune, fromj 
which, neither the Skill of the Lear aed^ thej 
Prayers of the De'voat, nor the TreafureSi 
of the indies, can ever retrieve 'em. And 
therefore Sylvtiti'^s Definition of the Pox wasj 
the belV I ever met with, havuig Brevity^ 
Perjpieutijff ind Feriij, whenhecalt'd it, 
FUgellum Dei in ^cortAtores. .\ 

Sh^rp is the Lafh whips off their ^uies. -t_ 

ii. Of Cold Baths, 

So an oM Harlot-hunter complaining o* 
his many Misfortunes he rccciv'd from w o- 
ncn in rheconrfuof liis Life, but nothing 
jHev'd him as much (he faid) as the lofsof 
Bis Nofc ; qiiothoneintheCorapany^cheer 
Up Friend, 

■' j4t the Dsy f>f [jud^mrrri 'twill tome dg/tWy 
r1 As 4 fnifjl'»g EvideHct of. tky Sia ; 
1' 'fhd' 'here among our nicer Hcttus 
p'' The Ore fs lies more in Whig thiin Kofe, 
W j4t>d ivhta tmhtzPd jrom the Face 5 

*Tu *MOft^ Vw rechfi'd no d'fgrnse^ f 

Proviifdpu meat a I'atcli if its Place, j 

It may be objcflied Iicre, that fome that 

h^ ve had tlicPflJcliave begotten found Chil- 

dr-€jn. I grant it, fuch as have appcar'd fo 

ac Itall, ytt it has jairt fmothcrcd in their 

ii^t^dJs; and either fuch Children, when 

grownup, haveproveddcklyandwealc, or 

their Cliildren been i<td-ety, Kjn^s Evil'^d^ 

tif nmfnmpii-vp ; tor the Shakes and Girds 

iH'Ofij* Phyficli {^iv'es the Human fdbriek, 

'^\il\ loofL-n fiVme /<ivt/jand I'ins, aslmay 

^ay, that fhotild go to the ^alkning of the 

Vounddtion of his i-amUy : So true is that 

faying ofG.f/cw, Lib. de feEiis prope fiaem. 

N(^ue imptirte pojje adminijtrarf remedia^ 

W omnia, prater aaturam fint^ ab td^ue natu- 

\h facttttates infejient^ me poffini adto wor- 

S 4 hj4t 

Of Cold Baths. Part II. 

bofas Caafas refciadere^ quia ana illis aii^uid 
etUm hmignafuhftantidt rapiam. 

And riiis is that which caufes no good 
Texture in our Off-fpriug. Hence, the com- 
plaints of yiirt/*y?4wwM vit£^ when the Web 
and the Woof are not well ftruck together. 
How many Children have I heard (from 
their bitternefs of Soul) curfe their Parent 
for begetting them» the wretched Heirs ap- 
parent to Pills^ Potions, and Poffet-driaky 
dwindling out the fputtering Snuff of Life 
in Pain and MJfery, and fpending their little 
Subftance among V\vj(\ck-HarPies , and 
their ravenous Attendants A'*)-//, Quuki^ 
Apothecaries, 3:c. Were I a young ^rom<»», 
I think 1 (hould very well be acquainted 
with my M»n, and his Manners too,- e'*er I 
ventured on the Voyage-Life, in the Ship 
Matrimony; and.^ conirario, the Man 
fometimes has been Shipwrack'd on as Rot- 
ten ^Bottom, &c. In this wretched Con- 
dition, Ifind fooieof ourE»£/;)2'-»w^», and 
thofc of the beft Quality, in the time of 
HenricHs &b Heers, frequented the Spatvs in 
Germany, in hopes of a cure to their languifli- 
in^ Prologomena, whom he mentions in a 
Joeo-ferioM fort of Stile, by the Name of 
Mylordi, whofe Words are thefe, "viz. 

lllu(irii qaidam Afis^liu, quos Mjiordos, hoc 
eft dominos per exceilenli/mi nominantf Sfit~. 
dum venit ante amos ^uindecim impottitti4 rt* 
1 -:: »w- 

Of Cold Baths. 359 

vtHum qu^reriSi &c. This Unhappy Gen- 
jtleman could not touch a Woman, but tii 
frimum Uhtorum eontdBum femeo tmitttbdt, 
fed imbelU & frorjus dqaeam cjr fero (imH/t~ 
juum ; uxorem duxerat A/tnot natsm fedetim^ 
fid^uAm totobierfnioy ttUm ft JAtentt^ noH 
dtvirgtntvemt ; optimt erat habituSy cerpore 
froeero, eaftrcosy genis rubeniiffimu. 

One may look irxj;(', \N\t\\ Cherry-Cheek, 
And yet ielotv Stairs very weak. 
That Woman's in a doubtful Cafe 
That builds her hopes upon a Face ; 
As one was cheated, when fhe chofe 
A Husband by the length of's Nofe. 

NoH fvm^er inferias, ficut fupertus. * 

He tells you of many fuch Cafes, wherein 1 
tjiey came to the Spam in hopes of help ; buc * 
as much as I can perceive, he boafts of no, i 
Cures by thofe Waters \n that Cafe, but that, ] 
they returriM re mf'tcia. 1 r 

I remember he tells one odd Story of a ' 
young Man abus'd by tlie too much ufe 00 
Guai4eup$y whofe Hands all chopt in cro& 1 
Chops, like an Iron Grate, and all his Skin, | 
broke out into a Upraor ElephantiaJiSywhidl, I 
bad foparcliM and dryM his Liver^ that he \ 
cured him by laying him under a Spout of a- 
Mil], andletthe Water run upon him, and 
gave liim CryAal with cooling things co 

a6o Of Odd Baths. Part] 

drinlc, tfpecially ftoreof PVhefwliti S/ilj>r 
ne/Uf &c. DeinMf in ftramineo UBulnf^b • 
tiffimo moleKdino, fuffl-jminato hunc in ufb 
jgsmttrft^ jliHieidiHtn ex alto in Hep/ttis regit 
fftm (Adeits Fxctfirt aquit gelidiffim4e neque me*- 
tu Nefae foUribta r adits ealFfaffa; hoe talk 
mxHi ajr fiqttihota mtiecanAm alie^aot dies ft^ 
cijlf^tj & fdfiiffimtu t^ pahheritnus fxSitis. 

I much wonder why he fhouldftyjA'fj'wf 
moiii^ neque Jolaribiis radtis caleftltie, becaufe 
'tis well lif^own, chat all Liquids thcfwifter 
their Mbti6n, the cooler they are, efpecialljr 
Water; for that wliich flagtiates is only 
warm by the heat of the Sun ; at leaft war- 
mer dvin rarj/l'l^/gSValt'r; and we fee in M''4;er, the farter it is poor 'd 
our of one VeiTcl into another, the fooner 
if Cqoh ; but the fWiftisft Motion that can b6 
in K'lifitfp; or fftn-trfv'd by Jr/, canOfrf 
flfiillvC-Waterthat is aftualty CoW, in theleaft 
dig.f'X Hot- : Swift Motifin indeed, by the 
Contrition of folid hard Bodref, will wax 
Ho)',' StUo/ik, zn^Fkmf, asin W^Apf//, &c. 
h\M\y\ Ltfaid^^ hfijus C6ntrariam fft 'vtmm', 
and I have fee n a Smnh raltea fmallBarof 
Ml^Wrt^h lrf}», alrd ill k^fs than ft Ve or fix 
Mitiufo^tiniehas hammer'd itonacold^^ff-^ 
v>^, iiWiHt has been red Hot. But toth«* 
Hufifteft. V 

Caph^iwpierinhisjoidrmlsof hisVey^ 
jgfe found tlic World^vts an Account tbatif 

Of Cold Baths. 361 

tAehimfe very much delight to wafh in 
ddWater. His Words are thefe, viz.. • 
r* They are here, as zi Mindanao^ very 
Vfupcrftitious in wafliing and cleanfing 
"Ithemrelves from Defilements, and for that 
Lreaibn they delight to hve near the Rivers 
Tor Streams of Water. The River of -.^c/jw, 

* near tlie City, is always full of Peopie of 

* both iVjrw, AndaWJges; fomecomeand 

* walh themfelves for the plcafurc of being 
' in the Water, which they fo much dc- 

* light in, that they can fcarce leave the Ri- 

K-Tfr without going firft into if, if they have 
any Bufinefs brings them near. Even the 
.Hick are brouglit to the Ri-ver to wafh. I 
know not whether it be accounted good to 
(Walli in all Difiempers ; but I am very cer- 
tain from my own£jr/'frw«'£',itisgood for 
' thofethat have the tlux^ efpecially Morn- 
' ings and Evenings, for which reafon you 

* fhail then fee the Rivers fulled, but more 
' efpecially in the Morning, &c. 

And in anorhcr place he fays, I was per* 
fwaded towafh in the Rivers for the Reco* 
very of piy Htaltb^ which I did Mornings 
and Evenings; and tho'itfeemed ftrangeto 
mc before I tried it, yet I found fo much 
comfort in the firft trial, that I conftanily 
applied my feU to it I went into the River, 
\ 'tiU the Water wasas high as my Wtft^ and 
[ (looped down, aad found the Water 

363 Of Cold Bath. 

(o eool snd refrefhi»g to my Body, that I 

was always loth to go out again ; then I was 

fenfible that my fiomeis were very A«, fori 

iound a greac heat within me, which I found 

jfefreflicd by the cool IVster, S<c. 

IK I remember an old F/Jber-mao that for- 

k-jnerly hv'd at Hammerjmth^ who told me, 

' /That little Sleep and cop! Diet, and thin 

I iCIoaths, were the only means to live hetUth^ 

kful and long, and that MVer-^ir made him 

\i «at heartily, and that he was a great lover 

^■of Sdit-0j and ParJ»i/>s, and when he did 

"heat any of his own ti-efli Fifh^ he eat theni 

alwaysffffir, and always boilM, nevcrfried^ 

L as being cafiefl: of Digeftion, and eat them 

* the Dtitch way, brought to Table in the Li-^ 
k qoor they were boil'd in ; and that at any^ 

time when he was uneafy, and could no^ 
►• Sleep on Shoar, he went into his Peter-Boar^ 
I and thecooinefsof the Air, andtherocking 
I'Of the Boat on the Water, made him Sleep 
I foundly. Healfooften wafh'd in ColdfVa- 

ter, and his Hands and Arms always dabling 
' in Cold Water, drawing his Nets botS 

• •'Winter and Summer: He wore but a thin 
^-woollen Wd/icMf next his 5^/V/, and wasa 
^lufty tall M»B, could both hear and fee welli 
b-4id neither .5/o(j/> not TrembUj and died of 
^an acute Dijeafe at a Hundred and threeXeirs 

if Age. I am told he died of a PleuriJ^, bis 
Name was Good-man Savoiy, who for his' 


rtll. Of Cold Baths. 26:^ 

Stritt^th and Vigour miglit very well have 
rlived forty or fifty Years more ; and I think 
^is fincc he died about eight or nine Years. 
I find no Men live fo long and healthful. 
5 the Wafhersand Dablers in CM Water. 
there is now living at Chijmck on tlie River 
)f Thames^ one old Suttoa, a Fiiherman, 
ipho they fay is more than 1 Hundred Te*rs 
W; he ov/n'd tome three or four Years 
jice, that he was almofl a hundred, he 
[iugs at the Oar in all Weathers in a thin 
Wadcoat, and cries his flounders about 
Streets with as ftrong a Voice as any Man 
lof but thirty Years of Age •, he, is a fat, 
Ijquat, fhort, (ur\y Old l-'tl/owy and his Food 
R& for the moft part ISrow/4 lire/id end Cbeeje^ 
^aind his Drink, (when becan get it) mild 
fvcleaf Bf^r.This I Iiad from his own Mouth. 
He is fi nee dead of the Stones and was a 
hundred and five, or Bpt, when he died ; 

M^ which he lived in mirery and pain thci 
^ft 3 or J Years, and never felt theleali:.'J 
lymptom of it, until he was frighted by.} | 
naviflg his Boat funk between two Lightci"s,i ' 
and he in it; then he immediately pifs'd 
Blood, and compIaiaM of a great weight 
and pain in his Bladder. Thus ynu may fee 
ho\y long a Diflemper may lie dormani/till 
"^d up and awak'd by ibmc Accident ; 
f this theLithoto^ii^^ hajvc many In- 

064. Of Cold Baths, 

I have known in my time many old Wa- 
tef'Men and Fifber-men^ full, or near to a 
hundred* And I am told, That at Whitny 
in bxford^ire^ thofc whoworkat the BUn- 
ket-MiHs^ carry wet Blankets in their Arras 
next their Breaft, Winter and Summer, 
and never catch CoU^ and live to extream 


There was a Fipmotiger^ who had a Son 
put Apprentice to a Scrivener or Attorney, 
but' had not ftrengch to hold a Pen to write, 
through the weaknefs of the ^^owfj of his 
Fingers and iVnJt, which he had for ibme 
time labour'd udder; fo that his Father' 
waj forced to take him home, and being 
imployed in his own Trade by often dab- 
ling and wetting in CtjW Water ^ foon reco- 
vered his Strength, and is as well as any 

How refreiliing the pouring of Cold Wa- 
ter Out of one VeElel into another, is to thoft 
in Fevers, I can teftify, and many have 
been by the cool and noife of that A^hn 
iuird afleep. And Ca^t. IVifliam lVi(ki 
Apothecary on Lad^ate-HHij London^ told 
me of*an Acquaintance of his, that was 
given over in a Fever by his Phyficians, 
that was by his Brother-Trade recovered, 
by getting Hands enough, and perpetually 
pouring round hlsBed Cold Water out of one 
VelTet into another, until he fell afleep, 

Part 11. Of Cold Baths. ^65 

and by that means recovered. And I rcipem- 
ber, that my Learned and Good Friend, Dr, 
yjpton, told me of one fo recovered in New- 
'ite-ftreet, whether it was the fame Perfon 
5r no» I cannot tell. I have al(b known 
that the ftriking of the frefb and green 
Roughs of Ofiers, Willow, Poplar, lildei', 
K. round the Bed, has refreCh'd the Sick, 
nd often induc'd Sleep, even whereO/iam 

That Cold Water concenters the Spmti 
"ind ftrengihcns the lYerz-fs and mufculous 
'ilires^ by bracing them, as it were, lilic a- 
>««!, when thcrarclinncnt-head isrciax'd, 
S very evident by rhis Experiment of twQ 
loysruniiingfora Wager a hundred Yards,^ 
more or lefs,lct the Boys be near of a Speed; 
*nd Strength, take the Boj that lofcth and 
i^ him in Cold IVatff, and then let chcm 
run a fecond timc^ and ttie lofing Boy fliall 
lieatthe other, c~c- And talking on this 
Subjeft, i remember that a Qentlmun told, 
ihe, That when hy was a Schoai-Boj. they 
nfed to lay a 7'ip/^ on two forked Sticks pa^ 
rallet to the Ground, and to jump over,; 
and he faid he always obfcrvea, that' 
when be had been in the H'aier, lie could, 
then Spring much higher than at ^ny other, 
Dr.dri/fiih^ a Learned and Ingenious 
(ieiaao^ Da^/t//, I met at the 54/ft, who 

told me of many People, both in Fevers and 
SmdS-PoXy who in their Deliriums have run 
into the C'oW, nay, even into the 5»tfip, and 
haverecover'd without any harm or accident. 
At St. Mungah'Sy the Cold Spring in Tork- 
fltirej 'tis the Cuftom of the Country People, 
especially thofe that are fuperftitious, to car- 
ry as much of the Sai>7t away with them as 
they can ; and as a fort of Mortification to 
quench (as they think) Concupifcence, 
they not only B^/A, but when come out 
put on a vet Shirt ov Smock y (this I have 
known both Men and Women do) and lb 
Walk or Ride home, and let their Shifts 
dry upon their Backs ; but the Effeft has 
prov'd contrary to rheir Expe£tation, for, 
when dry and warm, they have found y^/- 
cuU l^efieris aeutt frigtt^. And I have heard 
an old Carkas-ma» fay, who had been a 
great lover of Caiv-Beefy that the Temple 
of f^cHus was a Fond of Heater ^ for fhe that 
was born at Am, wasout of her Element on 
dry Land, &c. And Dr. Savarj told me, 
That that Fellow which he mentioned in 
his Letter, that ufed to filh up to the Chia 
in Cold IVtter, found it did Jd veaerem ftt- , 
muUre^ Sic. and feveral of our Winter- 
Bathers (nay even in Frofl and Snow) have 
complained that all the Injury they found 
by Cold BAthiag was, that it did/rfwew « 
venerem rtimis mgert^ which made one fay, 

Cvid Bdthing hoi this Good aiofte, 
it makes Old John ro hag Old Joan. 
jind gives s fart of B.efurre£iion 
To Juried Joj/s, through hfi Ere£lion. 
And ^^^re(b'iCi»dmfs's entail 
^Ofl'WfWw^, Old, a^idStak. 

To prevent Jhortioas, and ftrengtfaert 
^k Wombs y 'tis one of the beft Remedies 
l^he World, efpecially if fhe goes into the 
'i towards iied-rt/wff, her Dinner being 
fted and pail off ; and in fome Women to 
s a little Blood a day or 2 before, is good. 
ind aGentiewoman of good worth this 
ner at the Bath told me, that labour- 
^cum meafium fiaxu tmmodtco^ after hav- 
I'Cried all the Phyficians of the beft re- 
E, and fwallowing Bolus upon Bolus, to- 
Jier with a Scavengers Cart full of all 
brother 'S/'0/'-//(>/'i , and brought to the 
■ ^ brink of the Grave, with unneceffary 
\ nautious Dofes, which gave not the lealt 
ck to her Cafe, refolv'd to try the Cold 
fch, and in a very little time was per- 
Ibly recover'd, and grewAgil, Fac and 
iFong. Another Lady in the fame Cafe, 
had a fpeedy Cure by the fame means of 
cold Immerfion, even in the very Teeth of 
thoTc Blockheads that grioM at the propofal 
of Cold Baching, but when they faw that 
" 5 was rccoverd and well, they fled with 
T a 


a68 Of Cold Baths. 

a blufhlefsFaceto their old Sillyifm, Haf 
Lord ! irho would have thougbi it f Now tO' 
reafon a little why Men (andfomeof thetn 
Leai'iied Men) ftiouW even againft Con. 
viQion oppofe Cold Bathing, is a Paradox^ 
furely the reafon muft b e the fame withf 
thzx. oi No»}urtt/3tifm, t^^SKBtOH^, aot 
but that the thing is clear, and they fee 
their Error, but the Thought (forfoothj 
was none of their own, or that they wer^ 
not let into the Secret time enough, fo (<A 
fbame come into the Vineyard on the ele* 
venthhour oftheDay ; and tho'ithasdon* 
Cures next to Miracles, yet haughty prid( 
and ftubbornefs, with an elated Brow, am 
a fwoin Bread muft roar and bel< 
againft it to the end of the Chapter, b* 
caufe it an't me, I'm not the Man tha 
has broach'd and tapp'd this Cask of thi 
beft, tho* rtaleft Liquor, ofmorethan 20oi 
Years old, -• 

Oh ! Self, felf^ irlMt a Selfifl} thing m thonl , 

Like the Dog in the Mitigeif. 
Willnalher est himjelf\ rwr let' the Cmv. 

In the beginning of Fevers, expertmh- 
quor, in many Cafes 1 have feen it to cureant^/j 
takeoff the lehtle Hent znAl'hirfi, atf 
very firft Immcrfion. And I my lelf aboB 
theraiddleof jf«/f, Jurio 1702. becameve^ 
ry feverilh, (I tunpofe from drinking 

Part 11. Of Cold Baths. 2 69 

JW'/t upon eating Melons when I had been 

feft walliiog and very HotJ my Tongue was 

rough and white, my Mouth clammy, and 

an ill tafte, my Vrine of a bright amber 

Colour, but no Separation by ftanding, nor 

rblue ihin on the Glafs : I flept very difturb- 

I edly, and had a quick high towrlng Palfe ; 

[bad ftrange FUfbes'm my Blood, Uke Wild- 

'ire, which I could perceive in my Face, 

tfeck, Bread, andextreamParts, (znAGofL 

itgive me, not fo well prepared for a Jour- 

py to the other iVorU^ as I ought to have 

"Sen) and found the Fever to kindle upon 

and dreading the confequence of being 

rious , knowing that the Executioners 

would crowd in upon me, andencereme 
alive in a Sheet of Blijfers, &.c. thefe Con- 
fiderations were terrible to think on, and 
that fomething was to be done quickly 
whiJft I had my Senfes, anddurAnoc Bleed. 
in a pale Vrine: I took half an Ounce of 
Crem. of Tartar in the Bath-v/ater, which 
gave me tliree or four Stools, which made 
me much worfe. I Sweat extreamly fpon- 
taneoufly before I took the Crem. of Tartar^ 
but had no Relief by it at all. Icalled my 
Servant to get ready my Swimming Shoes, 
(fori have a tender Foot, and can't tread 
upon the Stones) fo down to the River went 
'ft Nine a Clock at Night, and id IcapM 
rer Head and Ears, as they fay, and Swam 

a 70 Of Cold Baths. Part it 

up and down for fome time under half an 
hour ; fo home f came, and to Bed I went ; 
I found my felf in a ftate of Neutrality^ 
neither better nor worfc-r I at the Cold Wm^ 
ter again the next Day, and Swam longer 
than the firfttime, and came home as weR 
as ever I was in my Life, and eaLtFenif^n^ 
Pdfijj and drank a Bottle of CUret for my 
fhare ; but I continued Bathing in CoU Wm^ 
ter two or three Days for tear of a R^ 
Uffe^ &c. And in this place I think it will 
be very pertinent to infert that moft re-' 
markabie Cafe, mentioned by the Learned 
Dr. WiUis^ in his Chapter Dr Delirio & 
Phrenitide, Cap. X. Pag. 265. whofe words 
are thefe, viz,. 

Olim ad AncilUm robajidm^ qudfebriciUnSj 
^fuwmh mjMtens^ continue in leRouinlldte^ 
nebdtur^ cunLndam accerfebar. Huic fangeoi* 
nem cofiosc & dein tterato mitti^ alvum dh ene^ 
mate crebrojubduciy quin & alias quafque sd^ 
mtnifirationes^ cr in hoc cafu ujitat/u^ ordine 
celebrar/das pracepi ; interim Jti/aPiay Emmlfo- 
ones^ & Hypnotic A propinari : verum his fsttMf 
aiit mhiljuvantibHs^ per feptem veloSto dies Ha 
inj'omnii ufqtde^ & furioja admodum perfiitiff 
Fotumfrigtdum ejulando & clamdndo perfitU9 
expofcens\ quapropter Hjdropofia adlibitumy 
tmmo ad Jatietatem concejfdy nequaquamfids* 
tior^ aut fitibunda minus faSia eft "y itMqaejtfi 
(fiqaidem temp us afUvumfuit) ut medtd n0^ 


krtJl. OfColdBothsT 

\ mulirribiti fultlits O" for<u ferducli cymhx 
mpomretur^ dein veftibus exiitt ^ •vtmutk fo~ 
« coTforu trumum ne forte fabrntrfu inter i- 
t aSignto. l^erttm iftiufmodi retinAcuh nihil 
}fw fiitf namefue pueU* at vix meliut vir 
)uifpAm trtem hanc frobt edoSius^ ffonte nata- 
»at. Foft lerii/im ant jaarlam bor4 p»rtem^ 
j'atiA ac fobrtA aqaii eximttur^ deiuledo com- 

Piff* dormivit^ CT cnpiose fadttvit, pojlraque 
H dlia Bfuovii rtmtdio connj^luit. 
CurAtio hxc tdm fubtto & feltzittr fuceefftt^ 
in qumtum fitimm* tarn "vitnUi tarn unimalis 
fimul m immtnjum aalia excfjjtts^ a propria i^- 
rtii inteaforii remedio fcilicet Humitintione Cf 
ififrigidaiioue aO aqais tollereittur. 

Now, what can any Man fay againftthit 
Relation, ibr 'tis impoffiblcto invalidate 
t'Aii'f What Strains and Sliitts mu(l the 
Jntipficholites bo at to make null and void 
this.SWjr? A Iiilty Itrong /fwcA, raving 
and bound in her Bed, reftlcfs fcvcn or eight 
Days without Sleeps with luch an intenfc 
THr/i, that nothing could quench it, nor 
Opiais in the Icalt alfift her, perpetually cry- 
ing out ibr Drink, ike. and yet in Icfs than 
a. third part of an Hour was by Cold Water 
perfcftly cured. Really this her Recovery 
was more wonderful than her Siwwww^, 
which fhc did to Fcrfeftion, though proba- 
biy never was in Coid iVnter in her Life bc- 
T 3 tore. 

973 Of Cold Baths. Part II. 

fore, I fay, What can the Ph^fick Zjajt the 
'Jack-Pudding o{ the Town fay to this, that 
keverfeand vJw/i/'Oiie of Learning, Modcfty, 
and good Manners, that grins at, and ridi- 
cules (to the length of his Ihort Tf<f(^(r of 
Underrtanding) every thing that the ft'eak 
Fibers of his own wretched Nonsca.o^tGrafp 
and Comprehend? An Ingenious Man ufed to 
call this Fellow the Phyfick Town-Tof, a Log 
of Wood with a Brsfs Nofe, that waslafh'd 
and kept up by other Mens MettU, mor? 
than his own, whofe Excellency lies in a 
Row of filly worn out threadbare, chaw'd- 
over Stories and Jejs, fuch asferve to make 
Fools laugh, and mfi Men fhake their Hesds. 
Such another Gui»ea. Moem as this, I was In 
Confultation with, a fort of a Town-Top too, 
tho' not fo very wooden as the other ; the 
queftion was, whether a //o; or Cold B^h' 
was moft proper in a certain Cafe? AQu*' 
ifr fitting by, and hearing T^^-w/wcir fpeak 
very filily to the Point, told his Coufin, the 
Sick Man, that he did not expc£V a Bleflin^ 
on this Confultation, bccaufe he that fpokc 
laft, he found by his Difcourfe he was aq 
Injidel, and had no Faith : No Faith, quotN 
■ the Docior, hawfo? Why, quoth the ^a*-, 
ker^ lam fure thou haft no Faith; for if { 
Ihouldtell thee (before all this Company) 
that thou art a Coxcomb, thou wilt not be' 
iieveme, fuch is thf little infight into tfayt 

SrtTT Of Cold Baths. 177 

fclf ; and lam afraid that thou hnoweft aS 
Gttlc of my Kinfmaii's C'«/?, as tliou doft of 
[hyown Wealincfs ; u^ion which 'J op-minor 
[rew angry, and ipun out of the Roon). 

his FrifYid. Dr. Baynard at the 

London^ Jvly^ih, 1701. 
S 1 ft, 
TEariog of fo many wonderful Cures 

done by your Cold Bath, the Rcpu- 

Btion of it has olmoll pcrfwadcd me to 
' it myfelf, if you tliink it proper forme, 
l-fometimes being troubled with wandering 
ihcumatick-palns, and being no admirer of 
uchPhyfick, I would gladly ralte the fhor- 
1 Couifuto be well : So underftanding by 
lading Sir Johr/ I'lojerh Boole, that you are 
tlieonly Man ih^c have madeObfcrvaEions 
of both Hot and Cold iUths^ confcqiiently 
you rauft be the bc(t judge in what Cafes 
they are moI^ proper. But in my own Opi- 
nion, I rather incline to CoU fmmfrfiou from 
an Experiment, or rather happy Accident 
that befel my fclf, whicb was this; I was 
formerly much troubled with a fort of little 
flac Worms that I Ihould often void in my 
Excrements ; but on a certain time going 
to Swim in a very cold deep Fond, that was 
1* 4 fed 

a 74 Of Cold Baths. Part 11. 

fed with many Springs^ when I came out I 
fouod in my Stool, a great Clufler of the 
Worms, and from that time was never more 
troubled with them, I only tell you this as 
Fa£t ; the ihilofophy of it I muft leave to 
you and yourBrethren,to determine thewhy , 
and the how, this Cure was wrought ; (b ex- 

leding vour advice by next Poft, I am, dear 


7ot$r humble Servant ^ 


Direft for me at the old Houfc, Ludgdie^ 

I remember that a Gentleman of good 
worth (laft Summer at the B^h) told me, 
That he went into SuMoffgah^s with Crutch-* 
es, and was in (ix or eight times Bathing fo 
much relievM as to walk with an underhand 
Stick: But forced by his Affairs to a Journey 
for London^ and his Diftemper threatnipg 4 
return, his Cafe being a P^lfey with a Ju* 
mofj complicated fometimes with a Rheu- 
mstifm^ or (what was worfe) a Runnin^^ 
Gout ; and refoiving from his lafl fucceisin 
Torkjbire to try the Cold bath at London^ 
went (irft to his Phyfick-Flingerj the Gpg" 
glipg Goliah^ to hear what that Loftwft 
could fay to bis Cafe. This puif M up Afil' 
ioj fo bloated wiih FooTs Bnathy as if the 
Qa(f bad been Prick t and Butcher- blowik 

- look'a 

Of Cold Baths. 

ok'd fo magifterially upon me (quoth he) 
&ith a Claret-ftew'd Phyz., betwixt Roai^ 
nd Sod, together with his ufual Hypocri- 
ical GW«, that the Figure of the Fellow 
like ah Ijnifon in Mufick, ftrucfe that String 
of my Chops, which his Face had tuned, 
,, which made me Grin too, to behold him ; 
but having Prefence of Mind, I foon fhift- 
id my Face into a Scene of Gravity, and 
numbling my Mouth fomewhat fafhiona- 
Ibly, I accofted the Wo/with a Guinea, and 
ry Cafe, who after a Brace or two of un- 
iaannnerly Belches, and a fhort Faufe, ask'd 
ne a Brace or two of as impertinent and 
mfuitable Queftions to my Cafe ; but Ibon 
nd peremptorily concluded, that it was an 
Ugly Scurvy in my Blood, caufed by too 
'nany Acids there ; fo put me into a Courfc 
[f Sweetners, as he calPd them, the principal 
f which wasaQuait of thin Cuftard-Uke- 
ifipid fluff, Egjbiiited^QzViA by his Learn- 
d Apothecary, the OrienUl Ptarl Emulfion ; 
llui the good nature of which Medicine I 
was to acquiefce, until further orders ; fo 
hobling off with ray fcrap ofprefcription, I 
^^uro'dmort onhis Wormip's patience, and 
H^kM him what he thought of the Coid Bath ? 
H^ — d&it will kill you (quoth he in Sput- 
^ter and Faffion) it will kill you. But hear- 
ing fci often tliat this Oracle was no Oracle, 
.|)]f-|)i& many miilakes in his forward, falfe 

076 Of Cold Baths. Partlt 

and foolifh Prognofticks, even fhort of th]^ 
Old Wife's Sieve and Sheers; and being 
vext for being a Bubble to a Blockhead; 
and Guinea-bic for my fenfelefs Curiofity, 
I went next Day to Mr. Bityns\ and tooJf 
todgings at the CgU Bnth, and was (I thank 
God) much mended, tho* not Curedj by a . 
few Immerfionsj and after I have diaofe 
thefc Waters fome time, I'll return home to 
my own Houre,wlicrc I have a Cold Spring, 
and try what Faith and Cold Water will do 
forme; for of all the many things I have hi- 
therto ufed, nothing has done me fo much 
palpable and apparent good asCoId Immer- 
fion; and in this, and iDch like Cafes, I am 
well (atisficd that all the confident and 
moft Corinthian affurances, are but profti- 
tuted Hopes and Promifes of your trifling 
Prefcribers, when they are at alofsand 
ftand, either in the Caufe or its Cure, fo 
fly to their laft fhifts of BufFoonry and 
Ridicule, making it their Bufinefs to Decry 
and Invalidate any thing that may have 
a probable countenance towards a Cure: 
for what is not the produG of their own 
thoughts, mult certainly fully and blacken 
their Reputation, as Cold Water has done 
in a hundred Cafes,' honeftly and openly 
in thefeCeofthe5tf», without Trick, Ar- 
tifice or Juggle ; at which fone of the more 
i^iodeft have drawn in thcirHorns.and calm- 

rttr Of Cold Baths. 


BacnuiefcM in the weak Man's wonder, 
s. L-d ! Who would have thought it ? 
brwd^ff* tfi Veritas <c pr^va/ehit ; for tho' 
(aft may be ohfcarM and hid for a while, 
fet it can never be ftifled and annihilated. 
Another of this dafs, a Manofnomean 
Magnitude once, but pow dcfpisM and 
(■-s--d upon, a Fellow of 3 Gelt and Caf- 
r*ted rcputation,for having oijtliycd that (ct 
if fofl// that once admir'd him, he can bct^ct 
tomoi'c; this Man, I fay, bcingaskMoy 
.Melancholy Patient^ hts opinion of a CoW 
fath? anfwcred him in making Mouths, 
irith ftran^e dillortions of Chops and Nofe, 
ipd after his Face had cntcrtain'd him with 
urning the Somcrfct a while, he by degrees 
irokcuphis Grimace, and fwore it would 
AW him. 

■ Now I would fain know what it is that 
flights all thcfefoolifh People, and makes 
their Heads run thus upon killing ? how can 
tt Man's wafliing Iiimfclf in Cold Water kill 
Mm? 'Tis but oflafe Years that fprinkling 
^me in and was us'd in Bdptijm ; and what 
I pray became of all the tender new-born //»- 
ftntSy that were made Chrifti/i»s by Immer- 
jhn in a cold Marble Font, in a damp 
Church, in cold hard Winters, and the 
worft of Weather fometimes? what, wctt 
allihefc Children it/tfV? I am apt to think 
tho Devalue fcatter'dfome of his Hell- 

Grubs in their Sculls, and fly-blown their 
Vatierjianiiin^toz degree of i.«««f;, left the 
old way of Immerfion fhould conie into the 
World again : not that I am an Anafaftijl^ 
for I was Sprinkled my felf, and a fprinkled 
C/w//?;^ is better thanjione; for I put no 
great ftrefs upon the form, provided a Man 
believes well, and lives well ; tor he is my 
0)riftisay thatfliews me his C&r//7M»iYy by 
his Faith, hisFaithby his good Works, &c. 
But this being the PArfon's Province, I have 

Some years finceMr. Elijsi>y., theprefent 
Minifter of Cbijwick^ near Loadint, a tender 
weak Man (a Man of a lingular Lift, and 
good Learning) by the advice of Dr. Cok, 
Dr. Gibhns and my felf, was direfted 
to the ufc of the Cold Bmh, for it was made 
in a Tff^, fo not cold enough for the pur- 
pofedeilgnM, however he found fome be- 
nefit; and I am informed by fome of hisPa- 
lifiioncrs, that this prcfcnt Summer, he has 
very often ufed ihc CoU B^th at Lortdott^tiA 
U Cured of his tcudernefs to a ftiange de- 
gree, and is become a new Man for Vigor 
and ftrcngth. 

Dr. GroeHveli, a Man famous for his 
great Cures in his Art for Cutting for the 
5/«»f, call'd me in to a Patient of his, a 
Datth Gentlewoman, where I propofed a 
C^dSithj which the ufed with much bene- 

I. Of Cold Baths. 379 

it. But here by the way, note, That a 
Wtain Phyfician told her, it would kill her, 
which after he faw the Efftfts of Cold Ba- 
thing, he much blamed himfelf for his for- 
■Jward and rafh Ce/tfure. The Phyfician is 
Bbnce Dead, but this FalTage Dr. Gromvttf 
Kvery well remembers. I nave almoft for- 
gotten her Cafe, but I think it was a Fain 
An her Back and Sides, with wcakncfs of 
g^er Limbs. 

One Mr. Caruty a Woollen-Draper on 
.uc^dte-Hi/lf received a great Bcncfit,anda 

Berfefl; Cure by the Cold Bath ; but what 
is Cafe was, I have forgotten : he lives at 
'thtGoitie» K.ey; any Man may inform him- 
';lf; I think it was a Rheumatifm. 

Mr. Truly at the KJng^i Jrms at FUet- 
Uge, now in Bath^ told me, That one Mr. 
^^ Urrifon^ a Gentleman in his Neighbour- 
|bood, is this prcfent Summer pcrftaly re- 
covered of a fcvere Rljeumaiijm by the Cold 
^th; and a Man in year5,at lealtSixty. 

I could give almoft a hundred Inftances 
joi Rhimattjms ; but one the moft fevere 
^that ever I faw, in a young Wootm, Daugh- 
jter CO the Inn-keeper a: the White Horfe 
in fieet-Jltreer, perfc£tly cured by the Cold 
Btth^ where any that would be farther fa- 
lifified, may inquire. I tliink her Mother 
told me, (he had laboured under it (at cer- 
tain Scafons) fomc years; flie was aged 
about fourteen or fifteen. Ihe 

Of Cold Baths. 

The hchf that feemed almoft Leprous, 
with maturated Bw/j on the whole Body^ 
efpecially on tht Hm<is, which fwell'd the 
Fingers tofuch a degree, together with the 
foarnefs of the Chops in the folding of the 
Hands, I have known cured in four orfive 
Immerfions, fo that the Bladders that feem'd 
maturated and full of Ptu^ have fhrunk and 
fubfided, and peePd ofFwithout any Phj^ckj 
butonly moderating his Diet, and forbear- 
ing ftrong Dt-i/ii\ and uQng Exerdfe^ &c. 
Now in fuch Cafes, how often have I 
known the poor Patient brought to the 
Phyfick'Rack^ viz. BJeetlii/f^St t^omitingst Parg- 
iiJgs, Dict-dr'mkiy Ojntments^ &c. together 
with tlie whole Irtqaifttion of H^armck-Ltiae^ 
Mugivell.Sereet unA Jforhecarys Hall^aad all 
to as much purpofe, as he that rod Port with 
a hangM Man behind him, to read an Ana- 
tomical Lefture to the Mayor of ^eenho' 

A Gewf/^w'jw of good Account, though a 
modeft Man, blulhingly gave me this Re- 
lation in reference to himfelj\ who for fome 
timepaft had great trouble in his Urw^r/- 
p'Jfages^ and Pain at the Root ofhis Tirt/y 
and about the Region of the Bladder, info* 
much that he had reafon to fufpeft ibme 
IJUer or Excoriation ia Colh defied by the 
Slime and Sordes that came away in his 
Urine ; he alfo had a L^crjmx Vtmrh, or 
,1 -j:;0 tj I: old 


old Cilcct, which at that time was very 
fcvcrc upon liim, together witli wcalincft 
oi EriiltoM^ 8fc. who was cured by a ftrift 
preftrvance in this following Mctliod, "viz. 
He firrt eently purged two or three times 
v/ith C.MfflA znaT»m»rindi, Syrup oi' yiolert 
and Pfdth-t'hwers; inftcad of I'offct drink 
onhispdrginc days dranlf plentifully of (f/'i'^ 
clarified witn fome opening ann cooling 
Plants ; and at other times drink L:me-,ivd- 
ttr^ in which was ftctpM a little dfthb 
Shavings of ^Sajfafras and tiquoriffj^ and 
took two or three tirnes in a Day, three ot* 
four fmall P////, made' of Juice d( Liijuorifb, 
Spermt CV/>, Species Didtrx^ttcdnihi frtgidi^ 
or Puivif Hilf, Sfc. and iifcd Cold Immerfion 
for i6 or i8 Days, NJglic and Morning, 
burdpetially at Night after a light Dinner, 
andnoSuppt;r,n littlcF/awmcf;)' after Bathing 
with a iiriie Sugar nnd Juice ofOra»^p, fult 
to make it of ;i pleafanc fweet tart Ta(f, a 
4uico/ieidu7ft; mid from iliencc pafTcd into 
a relfrinpeni Milk-diet, by boiling Acorn- 
Ctifts^ Hijhori, and Tortnentil-rooiSy in Spring- 
water, and then mixing Milk and a little 
Oat-meat, made a fortofMiik-pottagc, on 
which lie only liv'd tor a Seafon; he avoi- 
ded the fight ofall Women, but fuch as had 
Antivencreal-l'accs, for Age and Uglineis ; 
IS alfo all manner of Wine and Strong 
Drinks, and FlcdMiicat, &i. and by tfiis, 
iitu'.i'.j'-. • '^ " tmf 

Of Cold Bath. 

and by fucli like mean^ he was perfeftly 
recovered to his priftine Health. I have 
known many times that violent ftroag 
Purgings with Aloes, Scaramony, Refin 
of Jalap, crc. together with the too much 
ufe pt Terebinthiuate Medicines, have hea- 
ted and done much mifchief to the inflam'd 
and tender Nervous Parts, and often caus'd 
Swellings of the Tefttcles, together with 
unapt or untimely Injedions. Mr. Fuller, 
an Eminent Apothecary in the Sirtua^ told 
me of his own knowledge in many Cafes j 
asalfo did the late Dr. H<ibbs\ and I havQ, 
obferved divers times in my own PraQice 
and Experience, that fuch Tumors and Ve- 
nereal Swellings, have rendr'd Mca infertile 
and incapable (ever after) of begetting Chil- 
dren. Not that this does always hold true, 
in every Monger, for fame ftrong young 
Mongers of good Conftitutions, have brulh- 
edthrough fuch Mistbrtunes, and have after 
it begotten Ciiildren, but with a great Dimi- 
nution to the Venereal Pleafurcs and De-» 
lights as before ; the Organs fubfervient to 
tnofe Exercifes,having been fhak'd and bain 
tcr'd in their unclean Combats, &c. butia 
moft Men it has totally deftroy'd Prolifica'^ 
tion,« Citrjt fja/ftaxirt to Caliratioa : fo that 1 
have often pitied poor innocent young new- 
married Gentlen^omdfjy who have fweat and 
ftew*d themfclves in /^flf Bathsy Seafonaf* 

Of Cold Baths. 

fon. Thefe unhappy Women, I fay, 
ing that the Deficiency lay on cheii' 
►were willing to undertake any Toil 
Trouble in hopes of a great Belly, &c. 
t'alas! the fault was in the vile and 
sd whore-mafterly Hashand^ broke 
lankrupt in his Bed-Tackle; and this 
I reafon of fo many miferable and un- 
V Marriages, for yenm rara^ cum re an- 
domi, &c. makes Women ramble in 
of thofe Satisfaftions which both Arc 
Jature, in a warm Ccnftitution, incef- 
prompts them unto ; and the Husband 
y to acquiefce under the Brow-Antlers 
flifplay'd Forehead, or to pocket his 
rtune, being confcious that his Wife's 
vagancies, are the ifTues of his own 
Sciences, &c. procured by his own 
5, &e. ib that Fathers cannot be too 
il in matching their Daughters to Men 
[tainted Reputation and Honel^y, and 
if promifing Ability ; but becaufeof 
&ny Cheats that have been even in the 
t Bulks of Men, and thediiEculty lo. 
'cring the Scars and Cicatrices of fe- 
i/iSf which Men with the greatelt Ar- 
bover and conceal. 

t where Love and Ability on both fides 
Qter in Virtue and Fidelity,their Minds 
ade one, and 'ris a Marriage of Souls 


Of Cold Baths 

as well as Bodies» and fuch a bleffed State is 
the Suburbs of Henven, even in this Life. 

And be thatfhould dare to Marry und 
any Venereal Circumftances, or Pox h»^ 
Wife after he is married unto her, ffaould i 
have a Brand of Infamy upon his Name for 
ever. For what fays the Wife Man, Pfev. 
6. and jj. 

J V/ ound af)d D'lfhonour fijali he get^ and 
}ni Kc^r oich jbali fiot be wiped^tvaj. 

Her end is liner as Death, anti as Shai^p 
as A ttvo-edg^ed Sword. 

jlfid thou mourn nt Uft when ihjr Flefh jini 
thy Body are conjitmed^ and a Dart firutk 
thro' his Liver. 

Her Feet go doan to Deaths her Steps tain 
hold of He]]. 

far jhe hath cafi dorvn many wounded, yit, 
tnat^y firong Men have been Slain by her; hrr 
Houfe is the way to Hell, to the Chambtn ^ 
Death, &c. ~ 

AnA the profane Orators snA Poets^ 
well -AsSatredj are all full of Whip-Cordti 
Lapjes at this Hi//. I might here inlarA, 
*but that the Groans and Miferies of fua 
ahoals of perifhing iVretcbes abandon'dM 
their Ff.-eWj, expos'd toDwcAw, Dattghm 
andat the beft to Hofpitds^ are rotting Ift 
fiances of I'enereal i''e)]on», and moftdepffl 
rable Commentators on this fad Ttxt^ Vm 
Their Strength isgiven fo/Mw^eWomen^g 
their Tears ufiio the Cruel. 

So here I fiiall ceafe this unlavory SubjeS, 
and conclude with a few Lines dehortatory 
from WhoredQm,and its fatal Confequences. 

yiew yonder Shoar ! yvhence Venus came atjirfi, 
See .' all the xoreiched Whort-wntciCd Sonsof Luft, 
Where bUfied Strength lies in its Manhood curfi. 
y~ttw yonder Say, that many a load endofes 
Of Pumict't Shm-bants, and the Shells of Nofe. 
And in yen Uofpittil there does fwvive 
The remnant half, of half that rot alive, 
With Bubo's^ Blanes, cavernout runnintr heles^ 
"TrfQuld Clap the Devil for to fetch their SouLs. 

ji Letter from iSrTheod.CoUadon, 
Kt. to Dr. Baynard at the Bath. 

DearDoBor, '702- 

I Ho' you have had feveral Expentncet 
of the good efiefl the Cold Baih has 
ced in curing many fad Dijlempers tliac 
DO ordinary Remedies could remove, lam 
fure you will take kindly from me two I»- 
j?*««j very curious, that I mull; give you to 
increaie the high Opinion you have of it, 
and 'tis on two Kmiaent Men of our own 
Profeflion ; one is Dr. Cypriamis, that for two 
or three Years was grown fo infirm, and apt 
to fei/ersy that Winter and Summer he was 
forced to wraphimfeif up in t'U/tnel, and 
■Lesthtrdifom, and upon the leaft cold or win- 
3y Weather fell into violent F:vtrs and De- 
U 2 finxi- 

iU Of Cold Baths. Partn 

jlaxioTis. We gave a fair trial of the befl Re- 
medies, that by SirTAoOTJi Mi Si/igion*s Ad- 
vice, joined to mim, and to feveral other D(h 
fforsj hisFriends, wecould think of, with- 
out any Succefs. Two Years together he 
went to the Bath^ and drank thofe IVdterr 
regularly, Bathed in all the iAr« B<ir-&j^ buP 
ftill found no benefit, rather worfe. With 
much ado he was perfuaded to try whatthi 
Cold Bath could do in his Cafe, and in tmu^ 
orf/r/ce going in, even in themidlt of M''i>7' 
/fr was fo relieved, that he has already becfl, 
in it above a hundrediimes, and now Is {owii 
znA^ohardj^ that nothing CAnhur: him\ bs 
has left all his fUnmis^ and in fine, he is weft 
to Admiration. 

He perfuaded A/^W(irCaj(j«ff|,an Eminent 
Jf Www-Merchant, in the fame Condicionj 
to follow his Example, which he has done, 
and with the fame fucccfs. My Faihcr-tK-UiVi. 
Dr. Amyott, troubled with fucbCoaght ana 
Defluxions, that I never duril fliave hij 
Head^ was perfuaded by me^ and by Dit 
C)frianm^ to fliave it, and Bath it witil' 
CoUWitter^ and found fuch good by it, thai 
he went into the Cold Bath^ and now is frefifc 
and has not been fo well thefc ten Teiri 
Another Inftance Irauftaddof Major AV^ 
fo/i, myLord i-f:c//|gf(!w's Couiin, Majorii 
Colonel Wfi^'s Regiment, that had beefll 
feized with fo violent a Rhenmatifmf tha! 

Of Cold Baths. 187 

he noconljf loft the ufe of his liwi/, but 
was in fucli violent Paiast that finding no 
Relief by all the Remedies he us'd, he was 
tarried and thrown in the CoM Btthy defi- 
ring, as he told me, to be f/rowa V in it, if he 
had no Ueli/f; but in three times going in, 
Ik could H'^alJt and come out without *&?/;», 
and in ten times wcnt4^>-<?^^, and Imethim 
at Dinner at my Lord Lexington's, where 
♦le gave me this full Account, and he fhall 
contirm it to jow, when you pleafc ; fo (hall 
the two others ; and many more, when wc 
meet in Town, where I intend toconfult 
youwitlihim, in order to try it my /f^' foe 
niyDtftemper. As I writeyouthisin hafte, 
yet you may make whatulc of it you fhall 
think fit. I mull beg your Pardon, if 'tis 
not, perhaps, asexa^laslcould wifli ; but 
when we meet, we will correct the b'-iulis ; 
and I wifb you all Happincrs,and abundance 

If good faticnts. lam, mydearDoftor, 
f Tour mofi humble Servdnty 

V and faithful j-riend^ 

f Th.ColIadon. 

Jofefhus tells us a Story of one S<w/« that 
iiv'd ina Defart, and doath'd liimfelf with 
Barks and Leaves ot Trees, and fed on no- 
thing but what the Earth fpontaneoiiflw 
brought forth; and that he ufed to wafh 

U ? 


l88 Of Cold Bath. 

himfelf oftentimes in cold Water to keep 
himfelf Chart, and that jfc/f^ifiw himfelf imi* 
tated tliis old Banus for ^ Years. 

He alfo tells you, that, the £jfM»j,achaft 
and temperate Se6t of the J-m^ accuflom- 
ed themielves to wafliincold Water very 
often, and never went to Stool, but preient- 
ly wafh'd, or when they touch'd any un- 
clean Thing. 

He alfo tells you that Sailing to Romej be 
wasShip-wrackM in the j^drisrid-SeZf and 
600 of them were forc'd to fwim all Night; 
but heandfourfcorenioreout-fwimraingtho' 
reft, were, by God's Providence, at break' 
of day, taken up and faved, by a Cjren/tJf 
Ship. So that we may fuppofe, that io for* 
mer times Men were all Swimmers, or moH', 
atleaft, when /Joo in one Ship couldfwiin; 
and among the Romsasy 'twas a Term of 
Reproach and Scorn, to tell a Man, he 
could neither Read nor Swim. 

Dining at a Noble-man's Table at Btth^ 
'\n Sept. IJ02. whU Mr. fVi/Uam Pen^ and! 
difcourfing with him, and fome other Gen- 
tlemen, concerning Cold Baths, he wa« 
pleas'd to fend me this following Relation 
of the Praftice ot Cold ImmerCon in Fen-' 
fifvtnUj 9<c. and of a moft remarkable Iih 
ibnce of it, in which he was an Eye-^yi^ 

Jir. Pen*i LHtcr U 2?r. Bayharcl. 

S I find the lnM*tts upon the Contl- 
j^ nent mo:"e inc'idcnc to I'evfrs tlian any 
Khti" Diftcmptrs, lb they rarely {aW to Cure 
tbemrdvcs by gix'at ^mttin?^ and immedi- 
ately plunging tlicmfclvcs into Cold Water^ 
y/hich, tliuy fay, is the only way iiot to 
batch Cold. 

I once faw an InJlancc ol it, witli c'ivcrs 
pore ill Company. For being upon a Dif- 
joveiyof tlicback part of the Country, I 
ailed upon an hdidfi of Note, whofc Name 
Vas Tcnea^h.tnf the Citpnin General ol' the 
i-Jans oihidinns oi'ihofi: Parrs. I found him 
^ of a Fever^ \\\^ Head and l.imbs niucliaf- 
>fted with Pain, and at the fame time his 
Vif< preparing a B.i^ma for him ; The B-i^- 
VO rcfcmbled a Urge Oven, into which he 
Srept by a Dtipr on the one fide, while fhe 
put (cvcral red hot Stones \n at a fmall Dgor 
on the otiier fide tliereof, and then faftned 
the Doors as clofely from the Air as fhe 
could. Now while lie was Sweating in this 
Bagnio, lysWife (for they difdain no Ser- 
vice) was, with an ^jc, cutting her Huf- 
band a paflage into the River^ (being the 
Winter of 8}, the great Froft, and the/ce 
very thick) in order to the Immerfing him- 
k\\, after he Ihould come out of bis iJ4//'. 
U 4 ^ 

390 Of Cold Baths. 

In lefs than half an Hour, he was in fo great 
% Sweaty that when he came out, he was as 
\ vet, as if he had come out of a fi i-ver^ and 
f iJie Reak or Stetm of his Body fo thick, that 
J '|t washard to difcern any Bodies Face that 
p'ftood near him. In thiscondit!On,/jr*-«4itf(i 
{his Breech-Clout only excepted) he ran to 
Ihe River, which was about twenty Paces, 
atid duekd himfeJf twice or thrice therein, 
J pnd forccurnM, paffing only thro' his BAgniif 
I So mitigate the immediate flroak of the CoU) 
^'ia his own Houfc, perhaps 20 Paces further, 
i/and wrapping himfelf in his woolen Mantle, 
['Jay down at his length near a long (burgcn- 
Jle) hire in the middle of his WigtvMntj or 
tfoufe, turning himfelf fevcral times, 'till 
[ "he was dry, and then he rofe, and fell lO 
[■getting us our Dinner, feeming to beaseafie, 
[■jpnd wellin W«//A, as at any other time. 
This Tradition was in great meafure, 
Iiowever, the lofsofoneot the braveft <«" 
iheNations of /«i^/d»j(remembred by Capr. 
Smithy in bis Hiflory of the Setlement of 
Virgtum) called the Safqaenahs. For haV- 
l^^ngiafter the coming of the Europ arts zmong 
l^'them, learned to drink /?r(j»_^ Liquors^ and 
■"tat freely of Swines Flefh (moftfy without 
^^/r) it brought the Small Pox among them; 
'they took the fame Method to cure thera- 
Telves of it when they were come out, which 
ftruck CO their H^^rr, and prov'd more mor- 

Sfffi. Of Cold Baths. 

tal than the Plague, few efcaping the Dif- 
eafc, by reafoti of that improper PrafVice; 
the' one wouldthink that before they came 
out, it might have moderated their Venorn 

tod Impreffion. 
I am alfo well aflur'd that they wafh 
heir Voung Infants tn cold Streams as fbon 
5 Born, in all Scafons of the Year. IV. P, 
In the beginning of Jprilhdf 1708. I 
met with the (^lA Mr. H-^il/iam Pen, a Man 
of Honour , and truly fide Digntts, who 

ttold me he had a Letter from one iMajor Mo' 
kice, his Receiver in Ireland^ which Letter 
Be would (hew meat any time, but I for- 
got to call on him to fee it; but the Con- 
tents of it was to this EfFeft, That he the 
ifaid Major A/or/cf, for more than 20 Years 
was extreamly troubled with the Gout, in- 
(bmuch that his Limbs were Noded, &e. 
and fo infebled that he was rendred altoge- 
ther a Cripple, and incapable of any Bufi- 
neft that lequirM ftirring or exercife, but 
by the ufe of cold Immerfion, which he 
foUow'd clofe for fome time, he receivM 
fuch a Cure that he could walk very well, 
mounta Horfe, and ride about his Affairs, 
and continuM lb a great while ; But meet- 
ing with Mr. Pert fince then, he told me, 
that he heard that he Relaps'd, whether 
thro' difLhntinuance, or an Error in his 
Dinner of livings as tobisMeatSj Drinks, 

p.fp ^f Cold Baths. 

ijf^c. I cannot tell, which Rclapfc, furely 
I jpuft proceed from negleft or mifmanage- 
'meht in reference to Heats asd Colds, &c. 
©r when the Morbid Caufe is taken off, at 
leaft, fo remov'd as to give w/f, abate the 
fellings J and the anguifli and painful Symp-' 
jpms totally alleviated funk and gone, 'tis 
Ic^afonable to conclude that a little Care, 
i might prevent anyaccefTion for the future, 
\ fcut we are all prone fo to humour our Pd. 
'^Jttfj and gratify ourT4;?/, orCompany, 
l^hen importuning with, freely ftay, take 
' "f oilier Pipe, t'other G lafs this once hang*t, 
otkecan do no harm, until wann'd and heat- 
ed with Wine, &e. overshoes over Boots, 
"Wc forget our Sorrows and preterit Pains, 
urrtil the Difeafe takes the Advantage by our 
Dehfludi, thro' weakened and imperfeft 
Concodions, undue Secretions, &c. Then 
like the Parable in the Gofpel, the Gout re- 
turns with 7 Devils rvorfe thm the former. 

"Vxihdf^ Man ! thit DrtnksJ&if orva attdoing. 
As tho* his Bufwefs were, topi edge his Ruitt. 
^:Atid that brave'Tty^tMVQ. hi sjouad Parents knitf 
With Pipe arid pot he does unravil it. 
■j4s if the GodSf in anger gave htm Pi^^ealth^ 
Tofdtrifee to Bacchus, Touth and Hedth, 
'Health of all Earthly Bie^n^ ''tis the beftj 
W'hiihmojt is valu^, rphetPtit leajl pc^dL , 


And we find tliat the old Romans in moft 
their Epirtles to their Friends ufually con- 

CuRA utValeas for Health ome ^one 
}!l Comforts perifb with it, and art none ; 
iches and Honour, Muftcky lVt»e and IV/t, 
^ax flat a»d ta^ie/s vsith the lofs of it, 
'ould Touth but fee, with Gouty old Mens^^w, 
'ne ftretch upon r/je(>Back wouldmnks 'ew rviji ; 
W Drunkenefs (the damti'd firfi Caajejdefpife. 
^vt fach is giddy Touth'' s unhappy Fate, (Ute. 
'^hea Crippl'd and NailM doivrt^ are wife too 

And I can without Vanity fay, that I 
Erform*d a wonderful Cure on 3 very Gou- 
( Perfon, by the DecoQion of a certain 
pct^ which he conftantly drank for a Sea- 
b tc^ether, with Sweating after cold Jm- 
lerfion, the fame way that you took, Sir 
^ohfiy with Mrs. Pifer of Repton, mention'd 
lyour Epiftle to, me p. 1 85. which Ithink 

as great a Cure as Cold Bathing can b(»{l 

The Cafe of a young Gentleman^ from the /»- 
juries of Tahaco and ftrong Drink, reco- 
ver*d by drinking of Watery &c. 

A Bout fix Years fince, being fent for to 
a young Gentleman, wno, from a 
vivid and florid State of Health, became 
Pale and Wan, and had ftrange Cold Sweats; 

394 Of Cold Bath. Pai 

hadaTremour, and much difpirited, as it 
he lived under fear and dread of fomeinia 
pending Evil to him ; his Stomach quite loft 
and gone, and had a great Loathing when 
he (a\v Viftuais, &c. I enquir'd into thie 
Caufeof this fudden change in his Health, 
and found it proceeded from his much fmctaki 
ingTabacco, which madeTiim always gid« 
dy, and ready to Vomit, aifo toSpit and 
Flux abominably: all this he endur'd, re- 
folvingio be Mailer of the Black Art, un- 
til it brought him to the brink of the Grave, 
I totd him the danger of proceeding in ic 
llinccitwas fo inimical to his Conftiution, 
^nd advis'd him to forbear ftrong Drink, 
and to drink a little Spring- Water Night 
and Morning, and eat a raw Apple or two, 
and take the Air in a Coach, or on Horfe- 
()ack; all which hepun£luaI]yobferv'd,and 
was as well in a Month, as ever he was in 
his Life. I'mncifcia dtUBoe SylvtMy un- 
der whom I was a Student near 40 Years 
fince, wasfomuch a haterofTabaco, that 
he would not come into a Houfe where 
it was fmoak'd; and what the Learned 
Kjrckringiiu fays of it in his SpicHegium Am- 
tomtcunt Obferv. xc. Page 172. 1 here Trao- 

Mwiim Tahact ufm ftoxius, 

Ijyvili/itj heu! nimium illuiiia EurofdC^ 
eoeihesj fuge^difumum herb* Taiaeif fit 


fll. OfCMBtths. ■J95 



votsnty per lul/staditt /blammodoeonfeifos. 
f^mtA inde moram perverfiUSy it vidfrht, 

fuihui iUud ditum eft negotii^ vel Pvliticiy vel. 
'heologi. QaamuOtfAnitAtifuA f/ocea/tt^ qui- 
itts hie mos efiy ut toties yalcdtio^ vel Charm- 
ti fotmsjdcr lucent ^ etUm nan explicabo : fuf-. 
feeeret oculis fuhjicere hominem^ c[uem inme- 
dieorum tor on a fecai ; is fapra modam htfcsfu- 
t»ofts deliciii add0M, vix uHum obibat mgo~ 
y tiuvtj ^ain fibi, utp/ttuit^ fdtalem fuccum 
bsariret, Vbi emmcrebrisquifipuljataiifu 
hi*Sy ndtarafatifcere, di^ae m morbamcolUbi 
ecepit ; die nigricdntem materUm per arttkum^ 
ptr pofticum^ per utrumque gutturem tumdiu 
ejicerCj donee fufcdm ftmul tvomtret ammditi^ 
quam PlutonU vtfentem regna comitari non lu^ 
bet ; fufpicor enim ntgros ttlo: & vaporum Stj- 
giorum globu fumigdnies idem fotius exceafu- 
etudiney quam lucidd carlorum fydera addmajfe^ 
utpotefutnkjmperpaftam & intiutritam \ hof- 
pilium eerie quod ilUreliquerdl^ •viptdvi & 
feragrdvij fultus cultro df/diomico. Quid vi- 
derinty qadrit? domum mihi iatrart vifut 
fam vere flutoniam : ecce tibi i» forthus 
Atrdto colore tinCid 1^ quaji ventndto fucco tot' 
lata tKlamaerat lingud. Quid trdchtd ? cd- 
mino jimiUi^ nigra fuligine tmdiqae obduifa, 
Pulmo»es aridi, exfucci^ dr penefridbUes : 
^epar, tanqudtn fi pr£ cutera trdxijjet incendi- 
um, totum erat infidmmatum ; d cttjui fiam~ 
mis ne bilis quidtm in cjifiide fua immunis erat: 

396 Of Cold Baths. Parti 

colorem enim eontraxerHi ex furfureo 'virefceri' 
tern. Ad. infeftina vera, at fu»t corf aril fa- 
ifarr*, conjluxeratit totim adujlionis csrhones ; 
fleM etenim erani mgtktatt fffaieria, qua noa 
immitionem ipfo Avemofpirabat odorem, Ecte 
frefuentU hujui fuciionis medtcos frtttfus. 

The Cafe of Mr. Michael Warwick. 

IN Fehaarjy 1700. 1 caught a moft vi- 
olent fall, the contufion hap^ned on the 
Hip, near the lower Vertebr.e of the Back, 
but by theimmediateufe of inward Medi- 
cines, the application of Cere-CIoaths, and 
as the warm Weather approached, the 
Fains, &c. went ofF for the Summer follow- 

The November 2ihtT^ 1 caught a molt vi- 
olent Cold by Sleeping againf? a good Fire 
ina wet Cloak, which fettled upon the Part 
before affcfted, and likewlfe extended it felf 
in Cramp-like Pains upon the Mufcles on 
that fide from my Neck,down to my Ankle. 

I went to the Bagnio, and was Sweated ■ 
and CuppM feveral times, but tonopur- , 

I ufed all outward means (as wereadvi- 
fed) proper in fuch Cafes, and took Tert- 
binthUnyStomtichick and Chiljbeat Medicines 
inwardly, but all to no purpofe. 

I let Blood often, and Purged with Rhe- 
harhf Agarick, SeitnUy &c. but with the 

Part II. Of Cold Baths. l^f 

like Succcfs-, onlyr thefe.lall Medicines, [ 
thought, deftroyed my Appecite, aad reft- 
dred me Hypochondriack. 

I obfervcd my Blood at all times after 
reparation, to tiave on it dill a tough, vif- 
cous Matter, like that of your Rheumatick 

Sometime after I found my Pains not lb 
Cramp-like as before, but moredirperfed, 
and like your Rheumatick Pains ; cfpecially 
I found in my Loins e'ery Morning, a weak 
and wearifom Fain, together with a fore- 
nefs upon the Fart, as if I had been beaten ; 
tbuc no Swelling, Inflammation, or other 
outward Symptom appeared ; nor was there, 
IS I perceived, any Fet>ru Rheumatics 9X.- 
:endedmy Pains. 

The continuance of the Pains and the 
Violence of them, occafioned fnch a con- 
Taftion of the Mufclcs of the fide affefted, 
chat it almoft brought me to go double. 
The Thigh and Leg of that fide were great- 
Jy emaciated, and for want of due circu- 
^tion of the Spirits and Nutritive Juices, 
deemed (a-Nights) as if they were dead 
Flefli, only fometimes a violent cold Sweat 
■wou'd appear. 

Hearing talk of the Cold Hath, and find- 
ing Ibme Encouragement from a Book that 
I bought of Sir 'Joh» F/ofer\ treating of the 
htaij in Novtmber lail was 12 Months, 


098 Of Cold Baths. Parti 

I applyed my felftoDr. Co/e for his Ad- 
vice, who prefcribed me Cimahr of ^nti- 
moajiy &c. for a Week, and afterwards to 
Bath, continuing the Medicine, &c. which 
I did two or three times a Week, for feve- 
ral Weeks ; but found little benefit at the 
prefent, other than it brought my Appe- 
tite again, and rendred me far lefs apt to 
take Cold, tho' I had leftoffFlanncIs, &e. 

Sometime after, I found my Pains to de- 
cline, and at laft quite vanifli, andthecon- 
trafVion of the Mufcles loofed, and I have 
continued well ever fincc; only now and 
then againft change of Weather, or when 
the Wind is Northward, I meet a little 
minging of Pains, but no contraftion. I 
alfo nave let Blood two or three times fince, 
and find it Rot id, and as good asthofein 
a trueftate of Health. 

I Iook*d upon my Diftemper to be com- 
plicated of a H ypoc bond r lack Rheumatifm, 
the Sciatica, and the efFefts of the afore- 
faid Contufion by the Fall, and mult ingc- 
noufly attribute the Cure thereof, (next 
under God) to the ufe of the Cold Bath, as 

Michset JVarvfick. 

London, ^trnury the 
t lith, 1703. 

MfcUel Warwick Surveyer of the River, 
under the Honourable the Commiffio* 
nets of Hxcife. 

Of Cold Baths. 

And here not pnly Cold Bathing exter- 
nally, but inwardly alfo, (I mean drinking 
of Cold Water moderately) ib of the great- 
eft Ufeand Moment to humane Life, if tha 
Water be good, and well chofen, fuch as 
will eafily lather with Soap, and is light, 
clear and fmooth to the Talte, fuch asge- 
nerallyarcMarleorChalk-Waters ; and of 
this fort of Water I have obferv'd Horfes, 
Cows and other Cattle moft delight to 
Drink, nay they rather chufe to drink Pond, 
Ditch, or any Puddle, Thick, DifturbM 
and Turbid Water,thantlie cleareft Springs, 
fromClay, Gravel, o-c there being in fuch 
"Waters (ome harfli and difagrceable Parti- 
cles, either to their Falats or Digeftions. 
And here I well remember that one Mr. 
CUrhy an Ingenious Gentleman of EJfex, 
told me, that rcmovinga Horfc of his from 
a Pafture where wasafwcet, foft, Chalk 
Spring, (it being a dry Summer) he obfcrv'd 
that his Horfe look'd very thin, and would 
not Drink of the other Water in fomc Days, 
infomuch that he thought his Horfe was 
Sick; but trying him at the other Chalk 
Water, hedrankuntil ready to bnrlh And 
this I have obferv'd fcveral times, in all 
fortsof Cattle, at all Seafons of the Year, 
ihcy bcft knowing what Waters are noxi- 
ous, what friendly to their Natures. But 
to be more faiistied in this, read an Ingeiii- 

300 Oj Cold Baths. Part 11. 

ous ftnall Traft, caird Scelera Aquarum^yfjvil'- 
ten by Dr. jf- H. a Man of Learning, and 
dear Thought, where hefhewsthe mif- 
chiefs of Well-water y which generally (if 
not of Chalk) are impregnated with mor- 
bifick Salts, which abound in the Strata of 
the Earth, and arc of moft dangerous Con- 
fequences to thofe that often drink of them, 
either \}wvtfer fe^ or made into Beer, Ale, 
Coffee, Tea, &c. alfo read the Learned and 
Ingenious Dr. Curteis^ in hisEffay on the 
prefervation of Health, p. 52. &c. 

Warm Water has been eftecmed as a great 
Secret to prevent bilious Colicks, and to 
further both the firft and fecond Digeftions, 
if a Glafs be taken at the clofe of our Meals, 
and no Wine or Strong Drinks taken after 
it. And here the Learned Georgius Bdglivi- 
us in his Frax. Med. Lib. i. Pag. 82. holds it 
a Secret againft the Stone, but thendfaak 
before Dinner : His Words are thefe, viz. 

Calculus & Podagra f lures i9iterficiunt divi' 
tes quam fauperes, flares fapientes quamfatU' 
OS. Tho\ with his lieve, I have known a 
great many Blocklieads have been plagued 
with both Gout and Stone, as well as Wife 
Men ; for a Wife Man is known by's ASi- 
ons, and not by his Words : For he is not 
Wife, that wifely fays, but he is Wife, that 
wifely does ; and what greater fign of a 
Blockhead^ than for a Map to perlevereio 


Whoredom and Drunkennels, until a river- 
ed Difeafc entails liis Folly (like his Coac 
Armour) on his Blood, and conveys the 
toifon to his unborn Pofterity ? As if every 
Man would fct up for an Adam^ and make 
an Original Sin of his own, that the legiti- 
mate Off-fpring may be more known by 
tbe Difcafes and Vices of his Family than 
by their Faccsv &c. ViHf*»t-> /'(■»/«, Oiium 
^ Cr^fuUfmnt primi FArerttet Calculoram sc 

jl^ud potfts, USlisuftu^ fobrMtaf&exerci- 
liaff' eifdem rnedentur. 

Women and Wine, with Idlcnefs alone, 
Arethefirft Parents ot thcGoutand Stone. 
But Exercife, to Milk and Water join, 
You'll ftve at once, your iVlony, Health and 

*■ (Time. 

^pTdmen and Wine, and Gaming if you-v 

Do what you will, you cannot bcundonc;> 

Happy's the Man that fees this wtiilft he'sV 


. I ■— — Exinde prodiit fecretum Hind eximi»m 
a^cehii rtlalum m fuis CotifiUt, fiewpe ha/tfltH 
AqkA edlid.t dd %). circiler jUliut itnte Prart' 
tiiiim fsditt. Pijo & Jlexasdtr maliii ante 
^cehium A»»ii, hocidem Aqu^e cdUd-t remidif 
urn comfrobitrafit^ dicenies quod pofl primam 
txeretum calcftlam, nim^uum impojhrum alt* 
X 2 OS 

301 Of Cold Baths. Part II. 

OS genitosfuiffe wderht ufum hunc dqua C4/i^ 
da multo tempore continanmibiis. 

And he reinforces his Argument again^ 
and tells you plainly, 

Omnia remedU Poddgricis prafcrifta inuti^ 
lia propentodutn erunt^ nifi yinum^ Venm^ Oti- 
urn & CrapuU temper Mtius ufurpentur. 

He tells you that the eating of Mtisk-* 
Melons, and drinking the Water diftiU'd 
from their Pulp and Seeds, is jgood againft 
both Gout and Stone ; but with this Caveat 
again : 

Dummodo Vinum^ Venus^ Otium^ & Cra^ 
pula prudent isi6 adhibeantur. 

But our Learned Author, Baglivi^ being 
an Italian^ ihews both the warmth of his 
Climate, as well as his good Nature, when 
fo Gentleman-like, he gives his Patients a 
little Liberty by forlaking Wine and Wo- 
men by degrees, 

Nifi Tenjperantius ac prudentius ufurpentur. 

which puts me in mind of an old Drunk- 
ard^s advice to his Son, to leave that and 
other Yicts gradatim^ and not at a jerk^ as 
if the Soul would catch Cold by the lofs of 
a Vice or two, as the Body does, by leav- 
ing off a Coat, or Jerkin. 



Ohfervdiions u^on fame lute Cures done hj Cold 
I ' Bathing. 

A Man that Dr. Co/e and I faw the laft 
Spring, come to the Cold Bath ; his Cafe 
was a contraftion of his Limbs with a Scor- 
butlck Rheumatifm, and accompanied with 
a general decay and wcakncfs of his whole 
Body. The firft time he came in a Coach, 
but the fecond time he was led by his Wife, 
and the help of a Staff, or Crutch, and I 
heard afterwards, that by a few more Im- 
roerfions, he was recovered. 

But a moft remarkable Cure dope by the 
Cold Bath, was, on one Truhjhaw^ a young 
Lad of about 12 or i ? Years of Age, who 
had not only a great Weaknefson the Muf^ 
clesof his Neck, but a dilloriion of one of 
the VertebrEE, infomuch that his Head, if 
not fupported, would fall towards his Shoul- 
der on cither fide. He had the Opinion of 
fcvcral Eminent Chirurgeons on iliis Cafe, 
who befides many applications, as Kmpla- 
Ctcxs,&e. contriv'danEngincof Steel, like 
tbeLathofaCrofs-boWjto run into a Swivel, 
and faftned by an Iron Stalk to the back of 
a Chair, whillt a foft Velvet Muffler took 
him under the Chin (as you have fcen in 
ibme Neck Swings) it was fo contriv'd by 
the help of the Swivel, as to turn on any 
fide, and yet keep his Head upright, as ha 

304 Of Cold Baths, Part 11. 

fat in the Chair, which he would fome- 
times do for fome Hours. But all that was 
done to him, was ineffeftual ^ His Unkle 
pitying the Condition of this hopeful young 
Lad (that had fome Subftance left him by 
his Father) confulted me in the Cafe, and 
put the Queftion himfelf whether the Cold 
Bath would do him any Service? Which 
Queftion I anfwer'd but coldly, and doubt- 
ingly ; but it was at laft agreed to try it, and 
the Youth being very willing to do any 
thing for a Cure, went in boldly, a Servant 
keeping his Head ft<^ddy betwixt his Hands, 
and fo brought him (as I remember) to 
his Chair, where he fat for fome time, or 
lay upon the Bed firft, I havealmoft forgot : 
But in fliort, the Youth in fome little time 
got a perfeft Cure. This is two or three 
1 cars fince, and his Unkle tells me, he con- 
tinues very well. This moft wonderful and 
remarkable Cure is well known, to the emi- 
nent Mr. Serjeant Bermrd^ and moft of the 
Phyficiansand Surgeons about Town, &c. 
Mr. Paul Derande^ an Emient Merchant 
in this City of London^ had been long trou- 
bled with a moft fevere Colick, which had 
fo enervated and reducM him to Skin and 
Bone ; his Pains were fo extreamly pungent, 
that he had no eafe but when fet upon his 
Head, which his Servant did often in a Day, 
jby the help of an Engine cqntriv'd and made 


Ifor chat purpofe. ThisGentlemanwasfent 
' from his Country Houfe in A>»^ to his 
Houfc in London, by the Learned Dr. Fuller 
Author of that Ingenious Piece, Phdrmacup. 
l^xtemporanea, to confult me about the Cold 
S^th in hisCafe;and really I was(\vheniraw 
Sim in that defperace weak Condition, his 
itoniach much gone,Appetitc decay'd,cou]d 
hardly go or iland a high-lone (as we fay) 
yfi'ighted at the Propofal, but feeing his 
^reat Courage and Refolmion to try it, I 
nfented and went with him. I'hefirft 
bnmerfion he bore to a Wonder, but Mrs. 
prf/flfij, as well as my fclf, thought that he 
l^ould never come out alive. But to fee 
hat Opinion and Refolution will do; hefo 
fcllow'd his Coid Bathing, tliatinavery 
KUtle time, he could walU horn his Houfe in 
'mdg.Kow^ nesii: ll-'alhooi-, to the Cold Bath 
_^ ptimes in a Morning, which is a Mile and 
thair, if notmore. HisStomacU rcturn'd 
and his Flelh came on, and his colour in his 
Cheeks, and by the drinking of the Hot- 
Bat/j Waters inwardiyi and ufing the Cold 
Bath outwardly, he is become as well and 
bale as any Man. And as near as lean re- 
member, this was the fum of his great Cure ; 
for I heard him lay, when 1 askM him, how, 
_Jlnder fuch weak and infirm Circumftances, 
durft leap into Spring Water, fo intenfly 
jld? Hcaiifwer'd, iSaflor, 'tis impofli- 

X , 


3o6 Of Cold Baths. Part 11. 

ble for you or any Man living, to conceive, 
the extremity or Tain I was in, and inex- 
prcffible Mifcry I endurM, infomuch, that 
could I have been fure of eafe after it, I 
wou'd have leaped into as much Fire as there 
was Pf^ater ; and I fpeak this from a Senfe of 
the extream torture I daily laboured under. 
I have often pityM this Gentleman's Cafe, 
for he is not only a Man of unfpotted Life 
?nd Converfation, but of curious and rc- 
fin'd Parts, &c. and I think in fome parti- 
culars, this comes the neareft to Mr. Sam. 
Crew^s Cafe of any that I have met with. 
And here a Demi-bra in'd Docfor of more 
Note than Nofif^ ask'd in the amaz'd jigoffj 
of his half Vnderftandin^,^ how 'twas pofli- 
ble that an external Application fhouldaffed 
the Bowels, and Cure the Pains within? 
Why, Doftor, quoth an old Woman ftand- 
ipg by, by the fame Rcafon, that being 
\Vet-Ihod or catchini^ Cold, from without, 
fhould give you the Gripes and Pain within. 

Man is a fort of a mufical Infl:rument,and 
4 he Strings of Life and Death are tun^ or 
diforder'd upon more Keys than aWelfli 
Harp, or a AV^/r/^ Bagpipe, efpecially when 
an ill Fidler plays upon his own Carkafs. 

The Hemip/ayia^\\/h\ch of all forts of Pa^ 
Cks^is the moft ftubborn and hardeft to yield 
to Cure, yet I have known fome cured of 
jt by the Hot Baths, aqd others by the CoIA 


Of Cold Baths. 307 

nd {orac again where neither Hot nor Cold 
Jaths would avail, or fignifie any thing, as 
alio ail manner of Medicines, both inward 
and outward, have provM incffeftual, yet, 
by length of Time, and a regular Diet, 
fome have fo iar recovered, as to be able to 
hobble about, or walli feebly, but feldom 
attain to their Priftinc Vigour and Strength: 
But I have often obferv'd, that thofe who 
— havcus'd fewett hot Medicines, and have 
■firivM and llruggled wicli the Diftemper 
^^of^, haverccovcr'dfoonert; Butefpecial- 
ly upon the firit ftroak of this half Palfie, 
the ufe of hot Medicines are of moft perni- 
cious Confcquence. After a Vomit and 
Bleeding, I have feen the Cold Bath do 
great things often us'd, but then not to flay 
in half a Minute, juftimmerge, and fo out 
again; yet I know aGcntlewomanof good 
Quality, and fecond to none for Endow- 
ments of * Mind, had the misfor- 
tune to be ill created in this Di- 
ftemper in Jar/iatcs, where fhe 
then Hv'd ; but coming to ErigUnd, and 
Landing at Urijlot^ flie tell under my Care 
at the Bith. She was fo very Weak, and 
her Cafe fecmM fo deplorable and compli- 
cated with Fits, partly Hyfterick, partly 
' Spilcptick, and of a wonderful thin and 
^are Habit, &c. infomuch, that I had lit- 
vcry little hppe of her recovery. Sh? 


5o8 Of Cold Baths 


made aa KfTay in the niol^ mild and tem- 
perate pare of the Queens Bath, the flip of 
that Bath coming to the back-Door of the 
Houfe where flie then Lodg'd. But alas I 
I jhe was not able to endure, hardly, tho 
r tryal of it, the leail Heat did fo diforder 
\ her. From thence ihe remov'd by fmall 
[ Journeys to Lon^n^ where, being mifled 
[ py the perfuafion of fome Friends, mirtak- 
len in the Man, flic, to confult among other'w 
XjEfealsfUn Eminence, that Cardinal Cocki 
' Robin of the Phyfick Conclave, the vain, 
and empty Nothing of a great Name, un» 
dcr the carelefsnefs ofwhofeCare, fhefor 
fomc time continued ; But with fuch fuccefs, 
as was (uitahle to the infiiirability of his 
Gtdd^ and fortui/oitf Prefcriptions, as fo* 
reign to litr Cafe as the Prelcriber to a Pl)y- 

At my return to London^ fhe fent for meji 
but feeing her CElie deplorable, I propos*d 
for her own, and Friends Satis.faftion, the 
affijlancc of another Phyfician: and the 
Learned Dr. Cole was the Man pitch'd up- 
on. J We at firft, after all the neceflary In- 
rcrnals, tryed artificial tepid Baths ; but 
finding fmatl benefit by them, we plainly 
told her and her Relations, that if any thing 
would do her good, it mult be the Cola ' 
Baths, ( A fTiocking Propofal to fo tender 
and weak a Woman, and but lately come 

Part II. Of Cdd Baths, 309 

from the Torrid Zone, from between the 
Tropicks. ) She readily confented to the 
Experiment, and tryM it, with a Refolution 
and Courage not ufiial in her Sex; and by 
her Perfevcrance, and a Blefling attending 
the means, fhe is recovered beyond all Ex- 
peGation. One thing is very remarkable 
in her Bathing, which is, fhe finding her 
felf not well, with Pain in her Head, Back, 
&c. and not knowing the Caufc, continu- 
ed her Bathing as ufual, but it prov'd the 
Sma/l Pox forming upon her ; yet fhe efcap'd, 
and came through it very well, and little or 
no impreflion lelt on her Face where they 
had been, crc. and the laft time I faw this 
Lady, fhe told me fhe had been in the Cold 
Bath more than a it;o times 

Note, That this Gentlewoman had two 
moft fcvere Convulfions, at, or prefently 
after, her Jirft going into the Cold Bath; 
yet it no ways daunted her Refolution, buc 
fhe proceeded, tho' many times with Jerks 
and Twitches, which at laft vanifh'd and 
went oflF. 

And fhe alfo told me, that her Quondam 
Doflor being told of her Recovery, reply'd, 
that he could not believe it. And another 
Stupid, Sell-- wiU'd Member of the Phyfick- 
Craft, told mc, that he would fooner be* 
; WitchXraft and Speftrums, thanthac 

; Coid Bath could Cure any thing in any 

Of ColdBathi. 

Body; nay, quoth he, tho* I fhould fee it, 
I won't believe ir. 

And this puts me in mind of a Phyfidan, 
who, in confuUation about Cold Bathing, 
told the patient it would kill him ; and 
that for his part, he had rather behang'd 
than try it. Quoth his Patient (who was » 
Sea Captain") I fee Do£tor you are iavftccA 
morSf you like a dry Death, better thaq a! 
wet one; But Dr. continu'd he, were you 
on Ship-board, andtherecondemn'dtodie, 
I believe you'd be duck'd at the Yard Arm 
ten times, rather than be hang'd once: Why; 
ihould wetting of a Man's Skin kill himr 
for befides Baptifm by Immerhon, wc fee 
Children, even in the Month, are wafli'd 
and clcans'd with Cold Water in all Sea* 
fons of the Year, and yet thefe Children are 
not kiird. I doubt, Doftor, your Nurfe 
was a Slut, ihc let you lie in your Sh-i— a 
Clouis. You are a plump Man, Dr. I fee 
now, quoth he, what for: of Barton 'tis, 
has made you fo Fat. At which,the Dr.greW 
angry, and flung out of the Room. 

'liie next Cale is that of Mrs. Mdrgsret 
iiray^ cS Birr ingfou t\za.v Bar for dy in Oxford' 
jbire^ who, for many Years, ufed Crutch- 
es, uuderwhichfhecouldftand, butlthinlc- 
hardly go, or but very feebly (if {be coulJ 
at all); Oie ufed the Cold Bath twoof three 
^({tc$, bu£ was dilfwadcd from i^twoor 

^SxtU. Of Cold Baths. 311 

three Years, to the beft of my remembrance; 

Kand after the fruitlefs Tryal of fevcral Me- 

■Hiodsand Fhyficians, was by Mr. Bernsrd 

^(chief Chii'urgeon to her Majefty, the pre- 

fent Queen jI tine) 3 Avh'd to try the Cold 

Bathafrefh, which file did, and with that 

t happy .Succcfs, as to get a perfeft Cure. 
She tame to fee Mr. iierwW without any 
help of Staff, Crutch, or any one to lead 
her, and fo continued for fome Years, more 
than two or three, as I remember; but 

»(hine ilU Uchrymx) flie one day had been 
hard Ridinf; in the Heat of the Weather, 
which then wasexcelTive Hot, and iheover- 
^eated by that violent Exercifc, unadvifed- 
ly, with that heat upon her, went into the 
Cold Bath, which threw her into Gripes 

Pand Cohck Pains, but how (he was ordcr'd 
in them, I can't tell, but the poor young 
Lady dy'd. So here not the means, but 
the intempeftive ufc of it, is only culpable 
for that misfortune. 

If the Cold Hath was the Caufe, (which 
no Man upon Earth can demonftrate,) moft 
probablj^ her Cafe was the Iliack PalTion, 
, as I am informed, which might beforming 
Mpon ber from fome other Caufc, berorcj 
Die enter'd the Bath ; and an Inflammation 1 
iof that Gut often fphacclates, which isal-' 
ways mortal v/herc it happens. We fee It 
'"^jrM Mr. Dirande o^ QoXxck Pains, and the 

Lady that had in her Bathing the Sm*!l Pox 
forming on her, I hope no Body will be io 
foolifh, as to think, that the Cp/^ B^r A was 
the Caufc of the Smali Pox. I fa w a Young 
Man fall into an Epileptick Fit, (fuppos'd 
frighted) by feeing another leap into a Coid 
Batk *Tis part doubt, had the Youth gone 
in at that time himfelf, al! would have 
thought that the Bath was the Caufe of his 
Fit, &c. as in many fuch cafes. Yet I no 
ways approve of going in with the Icaft 
Heat above the flandard of the Ulood. 

'Tis true, that the IffdiaKs in Amerkx, 
and in many other Parts of the World, as 
in Mtifcovy^ 8fc. ufe to leap into extream 
cold Water out of their hot Stoves, crc. as 
may be feen a remarkable Cafe in Mr. f<» i 
Letter to me. But we mull Fhilofophizc 
upon that Point a little: for one is a beat 
procured by Art, as Fire, whichattacksthe 
Body from without inward, t!ie Body fit- 
ting in a ftin, fedarc and quiet Pofture, 
the fiery Particles firft heating the Sfcin, 
and cutaneous Glands, and the Fluids con- 
tain'd in the fmall and capillary Chamiels 
of the Veins, Arteries, LympheduQs, &t. 
next the habit of tlic Body, aslheMufcu- 
lar Flelh, with the Oily Parts, as Fat, &c. 
when all thefe arc throughly heated abo?o 
the Ihndard of the Blood, by long felfion in 
a Stove or Bath, 6''c. the Pulfc begins to 


Of Cold Baths. 31 j 

lut 00, and mend its pace, flower or quick- 
f, according to the degrees of heat preT- 
Ingon, or obfiding the Body, the Sweat 
wgins to run more or lefs, as the Body Is 
iroclive from its Texture and Frame, or as 
t ismoreoriefs Oily, Obefe, Lean or Dry. 
And altho' the Pulfe is perceptibly enough 
Felt to rife, yet the Lungs are at quiet, and 
irerpiration unconcern'cT in the hurry : But 
Sffhen the motion is made from within out- 
Wrd, Refpiration and Pulfation ftart fair, 
hnd are acuated together; for running 20 
Yards fliall more affeft and accelerate the 
Tulfe in half a Minute, than fitting in the 
hotteft Bath two Hours ; for In the aGion 
*of Motion, the Spirits and Fluids n;iore in- 
timate, and in the Channels are firft heated 
iind the Habit and Oily Partslaft. So that 
^^eaping into Cold Water, from a Hot Bath 
Or Stove, cannot make fuch a check and al- 
teration upon the Body, as when the Body 
Is heated by Motion and Exercife; for firft 
the Heat and Cold made from without in- 
ward, drive both one and the lame way,tho* 
they are contrary Qualities; but the Heat 
railed from within outward , meeting with 
the Cold driving againft it, fuch a fudden 
Clafli of contraries muft turn the driven 
Fluids on the driving Spirits, andcaufea 
great difturbance and diforder in the whole 
Kegulation and Oeconony. 

1.,.. I 


I have had feveral Accounts of Peoples 
being much relieved, and feme perfeftly 
Cur'djby the ufeof Cold Immerfion in Afth- 
ma's, and other difficulties of Breathings ; 
efpecially if the Infirmity is taken in the be- 
ginning, and not confirm'd by time. Yet 
an old Gentleman of near 60 Years, htely 
told me, that having had a Convulfive Afth- 
ma for at leaft 7 Years, he was fo Cured 
at three times Bathing, that he had not the 
leaft Fit in three Monthsafter ; and believes 
that had had he liv'd temperate, and con- 
tinu'd bathing fometimes, it would not 
have return'd . 

Apples and pomaceous Juices, unfer- 
mented are the greateft Peftorals, by the 
Tcftimony of Experience-, and Sir John 
Flojer himfelfhas found thegrcateflbeneHt 
in his moft fevere Allhma by the coaftant 
ufe of Apple- Water, which is his Potus Or- 
dinttritii^ as well at Meals as otherwife. 
And this puts me in mind of a certain Gen- 
tleman that Din'd at Dr. ColA Houfe with 
my Lord Fairfax^ and my felf, about three 
Years fince, who told us that he faw, in 
HoH.tnd^ a Gentlewoman and her three Soni 
who came thither, from fomewhere near 
Pomeranea^ to claim an Eftate dueto them, 
as next Heirs, by the Death of feme Rela- 
tions, &c. and that both Mother and Sons, 
were fo very Old, that between them, they 

Of Cold Baths, 

lade Four Hundred and Thirry Seven 
Years ; for whacany onewasfhort of a hun- 
dred the others were above a hundred, 
which made up that compleat Number ot' 
Years; and that they looked all frefli faving 
the Old Woman, who was Pale and very 
Thin, and that Hie lea n'd on the Shoulder of 
one of her Sons when fhe walfvM. That the 
Sons were very healthful,a nd had all of them 
long, grey Beardi;, as alfo their Heads were 
very grey, but not Bald, ^nd I remember 
that Hippocrates fays fome where, that to be 
Grey betimes ^nd not Bald, isfignof along 
Life, &c. But what I mention thefe People 
moftly for, is this, Tliat being by iliis Gen- 
tleman interrogated as to their way of hv- 
ing in Efculents and Potnlents, he found 
thattheir Drink was chiefly Apple-Water, 
or Crabs bruifed and rteeped in Water, or 
pure Water, or Whey, <y-c. and their Meat 
plain, fimple Country Hood, andbuthttle 
Flefh. He told me, that he lorgot to 
ask them as to their Employment, £xer- 
cife, Reft and Labour, o'c. which would 
have been very ncceflary to have been 
known. And here fince wear*; upon Apples, 
my Learned Friend Dr. Sivory o\ Marlho- 
roii^h^ toldme ofaHorfedifeasM andbrok- 
enwinded, (as they call it) was rurn'd into 
an Orchard of one Madam Cxloway, near 
iM*riborouoh\ andthis Hprfebye^cing^tia 

gib Of Cold Baths. Part 11. 

Apples that fell from the Trees, and all 
thofe he could reach, in fome little time 
was obferved to mend, and grew better and 
better, fo that he became again ferviceable 
and fit for ufe. And meeting with this 
Gentlewoman's Son, a Surgeon in Lw^p», 
he confirmed to me the fame Story ; which 
is the more remarkable, becaufe the Cafe 
. is new, at leaft wife not obfervM as ever I 
hearM of. That Apples are a wonderful 
Pcfloral Expert us loquor^ for Apples and 
Milk, &c. favM my Life twice in a moft 
deplorable and confirmed Fhthifis; and I 
remember that that Learned Gentleman, 
Sir "John Hodgkins^ fometimes Prefident of 
the Royal Society, and Mafter in Chance- 
ry, lately deceas'd, told me, that he knew 
a Confumptive Gentlewoman worn to a 
Skeleton, perfe£lly cur'd by the fole ufe of 
Apples and Apple- Water. And of this kiod 
many Inftances might be brought ; but two 
or three Examples are enough to con£rfn 
the thing, &c. But to our bufinefs of CoU 

A Phyfician of good Learning and Re- 
putation told me, that he knew a Smith in 
Torkjbire^ who had a Cancer on his righls 
Side, that had eaten the Flefh to the Ribbs^ 
and as broad as the largeft Man's Haodf 
who was perfeftly Cured by Bathing in a 
Mmeral Water, and keeping a Cloth wet 
in tne lame Water always to it. Am^ 

Part IL Of Cold Baths. ^17 

AmphiHis Brown of Hall-Court^ witliin 
three Miles of Bromyard^ in Hereford/hire^ 
by drinking and wafhing in a Cold Spring 
near Bridgnorthy was Cured of a Cancer 
about two Years fince. Both wonderful 
Cures ! if true Cancers ; which I very much 
doubt, becaufe I have often heard the mofk 
Eminent Surgeons affirm, that they never 
knew a true and confirmed Cancer ever was 
cured. But to invigorate thefc two relations 
of Cancers, take this late one, which I my 
felf know to be true* One Mrs. Margery 
Boltop^ Wife to Mr. Edward Bolton^ belong- 
ing to the Queens Audit Office, received 
fome Years fince, a blow with the Key of a 
Door, fomebody opening the Door fud- 
dcnly,and fhe behind it, which blow pain'd 
her much at firft, bat afterwards it feem'd 
tolerable, but not totally rcccedcd ; but in 
fome time it grew worfe and worfe, at 
length it grew big, gremous and hard, and 
pain'd her very much, and at lall ex- 
mUiratedy fhe had the advice of fcve- 
• ral eminent Surgeons^ who all view'd it, and 
^ concluded that it was an incurable C^an- 
. Ccr. Ahont'J anuary 1707. I was dclircd to 
r^her, I being accjuaintcd witli her Rela- 
raOQSy I knew her from a Child ; I declare 
i^t the Room fmelt fo foetid andcadaye- 
Ws,' that I was not able to endure it ; flie 
r Y 2 told 

5 1 8*^ 6/ Cold Baths. Part 11 

told me that (Tie was in a dying condition, 
and that flic fliou'd never fee me more, and 
truly I thought fo too ; (he was fo emacia* 
ted and worn away, that IwilTiMhcra 
comfortable palTport to the other World, 
and fo took my lea vc of her. In yipril fol- 
lowing, I cafually met her Husband in the 
Street, and I ask'd him fiow long his Wife 
liv'd after I faw her ? he fmilcd,and faid that 
fhc was alive and well. At which I being 
aftonifhed, prefently went to fee her; I 
found her about her Houfe, in her buflnefs^ 
and received me with a cheerful countenance. 
I ask'd how fbe came by that wonderful 
Cure ? (he told me, by taking conflantly a 
Mhiral IVattr in Southwark at or near the 
Dog and Duck, which pureed her much 
at fir ft, and keeping a wet Cloth dip^t in 
the fame Water always to her fore Brcaft, 
at length the putrificdlumpof theC^/^^fr^- 
ted Matter fcpcratcd form the found part of 
her Brcaft, and hanging only by fome few 
Filiments, which fhc clipM on with her 
SciiTors, it fefl to the ground like a piece of 
corrupt Liver, and applying a pledget of 
Vng. lUftlicon to that part where fhectipM 
off, was very foon cured. I think this is 
the fum, if not the whole (he told me; but 
if any body wou'd be farther fatisficd, flic 
lodgcth at a Shoemakers Shop, in the little 


I paflagc between 'jnmya Street and Piccadilljt 
very near St. J^wcj's Churcli. 

There are many Mineral Waters in the 
Kingdom iliat do very great Cures by 

PAVafhingand Drinkinf;; they wafli off, or 
iblunt the points of theCorrofive Salts,wliich ^ 
keep the Glands raw, and tnrn all the fup- 
ply of Chyle, into an eroding Gleet, or 
li*ctting Fceiid Pus. 

My Old Friend Mr. EdivarA R(i^/jy, now 
Member of Parliamcnc for Preftvn in Laa- 
cajbirfy Iwsa very Cold Well, Sainted with 
ine Name of ////we, in the Daysof Foppery 
and Superflition, which Well docs a great 
many Cures, botli by Wafliingand Drink- 
ing. He has fcnc inc a grciit many Cafes of 
Cures, too long here 10 inlcrt; but the thief 
are Sores of all forts ; but admirable lor 
fore Hycs, the Worms in Chilthen or 
grown People, alfo fwcll'd Leggs, Rickets, 
wandring Pains, as Khcumatilms, &e.tQ 
which a great many People rcfort with Suc- 

Tliere are a preat many Cold Baths late- 
ly Ere£lcd in l:'/{t;Ufrd^ and next to Mr. 
8afnes\ ii that at liAtljtJfen^ near oar /d- 
moas Hoi Hxtbs. It is a very Cold Water, 
foftand alkalious, for it will lather, which 
few Cold Spings will do, fo the wholfomer 
cp Drink. Lt rifes on the fide ofa ileep Hill, 
with a brisk Current, and runs North- 
V J Weft 

3 ao Of Cold Baths. Part II. 

Weft and by North. 'Tis in the Grounds 
of Dr. P Anton ^ and by him built, and made 
very convenient for all theufesofa Cold 
Bath. From it is a pleafant Profpeft to the 
City of Bdth^ and other various and delight- 
ful Profpefts of the Country ; and beddes 
thefe advantages, there is another alfo (but 
not to be fpoke of) the Doftor keeps for 
his Friends, a Cup of Humming good Li- 
quor there alfo ; but Mum for that, and 
Mam in Print is like fealing a Bond in pri- 
vate, which begins with Noverint univerft. 

The Honourable Charles Stanley^ Efq; 
Brother to this prefent EarlofD^r^, has 
made a Noble Cold Bath in Grippj tVood^ 
near Ormskerk in La/jcajbire. I am told he 
has made it a very compleat Bath, with all 
the ufual conveniencies. 'Tis but lately 
Erefted : and the firft Man that went into 
it for any Infirmity, was a labouring Man, 
onfiTbomas Becky whom it Cur'd in a very 
few Immerfions: but what his Cafe was, 
I was not informed, any farther then Aches 
and wandering Pains. 

What theBr/7?c?/and other Cold Bathsido, 
I do not hear; but this I know, that all 
Cold Baths do the greateft Cures to thofe 
People who have beea in our Hot Baths 
firft ; and why it fhould prove fo, the Rca- 
lb(is to me are very clear. 

I^forfirft, a clammy, cold, phlegmy, tc-r 
acious Humour fixt, can never be removM 
by the Cold Baths, buc iHiTen'd and made 
worfe ; buc when relaxM and loofen'd by 
the fofcditrdvcnt Waters of the Hot Baths, 
the vifcofity of thofe tough Humours are 
melted down, and wafhc otf by Sweat, and 
much thefooncr and eafier when a (lifted by 
the Blood and Spirits, briskM and invigo- 
rated by conrtant drinliing theii: Mirn-SuU 
phureoas Waters, warm from the Pump. 

Then indeed, like Winter's fuccecding 
Summer, the Cold Bath may be fcafonablc 
(when t!ie morbid Matter is remov'd) to 
ftrengthen and confirm the Mufcic?, and 
Tone of tlie Parts; it braces the Nerves^ 
and relaxed Membranes, and fo fits their 
Drum to beat a March to the next Tavern, 
where they fit like To many I'urks in tllcir 
Napkin Turbants, and with Anti-chriftian 
DUcourfe over Chriftian iViae ^ carefully 
fpill nothing but their Healths, and fo God 
knows marr many a good Cure. 

And I have known many Cafes,in which 
neither Hot nor Cold Baths have toucli'd 
Gngly; yetioin'd, that is, fuccclTively ufed, 
have pcrlorm'd the Cure. 

I have known, when the Blood has been 
heated above its Standard by Drinking 
ftrong Waters, burnt Wine, &c. or Swim- 
ming, Diving, CTf. or flaying too long on 
Y 4 the 

^22 Of Cold Baths. Part II. 

the hot Springs, that fuch violences have 
thrown 'em into Fevers, which was the 
Cafe of Di*. Conqueft^ by drinking quan- 
tiesof ftroncr Wine after the hot Bath Wa- 
ter, which led it into his Blood, and gave 
him fuch a Plethora^ of which he died, 
which Bleeding, nor any other Evacuation 
availM, his Blood being Sizy, Putrid and 
corrupt, but Dr. Baden^ (a Man much la- 
mented) after having heated himfelf with 
Dancing went into the hot King's Bath, and 
drank Wine there, which tljrew him into 
fuch an intenfe Fever as I ever fa w Man in, 
he foolifhly on his own Head purged himfelf, 
when he fhould have Bled plentifully, the 
want of which was his Deftruftion ; he 
fent for my Self ^ Dr.Goutd^ and feveral 
Phyficians, when it was too late, but when 
Dead, before he was Cold, when ftirr'd 
and laid upon the Floor, the Blood iffucd 
from his Nofe and Mouth very thin, and 
much in quantity, the conlHtuent Parts of 
rhat Fluid, 'viz, the Glohles^ being broken 
and deftroy'd. My ExperieKce at thefe Hot 
Biths^ has been of no lefs than 57 Years 
ftandiog, and in that time I have known 
many have mifcarricd, thro' over Bathing 
and drinking ftrong Liquors in the Bath, 
and many over Heated and Feverilh, I have 
recovered by giving them Plantain Water^ 
with Svrup of Lemons, as a Julep, after 


\tt 11. Of Cold Baths. 


(ceding, which is the firft thing to be done j 
fed at Night an Emulfion of tliccold Seeds, 
^ith the Decoftion of Plantain or the di- 
Bil Water; hut if you find the Fever very 
ptenfe, thePulfe hard, and much toofre- 

toent, the Face high Cotour'd, the Eyes 
^lood'jbed, and the Patient reftlefs and un- 
cafy, I have frequently given this Julep with 
good Succefs. 

£ Aq. yUntitg. Lujal Equifa (eju^ deftStu 
"e Germ. Quec. aul Sjmfh. Maj.J an. |ifs. 
Cifjnam.foriior. Eptdem, n/i. ^ifs. Syr. de 
Mecon.^ts.fpr. Fitriot daUis Gutt. x. mtf- 
ce cgput hora quietis. 

z hisconflant Drink whenThirfty, Fip- 

T-Thea, fweeten'd a little, with Syrup of 

[lasberries, O'c. and a little Liquorilh or 

Uihea Root, infusM in the Thea will pre- 

■#ent Griping, which fometimes Apple Wa- 

~tcr will give. 1 have found Plantain, and 

fuch gentle cooling Reftringent Plants to be 

of wonderful ufe in Fevers, for they pre- 

" ierve the Texture of the Blood if given in 

quantity. And I remember that Marggrave, 

publick ProfefTor of Chymiftry in the 

'niverfiiy of Leyden, 40 Years fince told 

k. Jefw/hf of [Varwtck and mj Selj\ (when 

' ; Heait was a little open'd with Wine) 

Plantain and the Preparations of it, 

irijgenera! the greateft fehtfagiatn^ 


SH Of Odd Baths, Part IL 

that he koew of any one Medicine, either 
Galenical or Chymical, drc. And the hot 
Stoves and Bagnio^s in and about Londo»j 
has been the Deftrudion of many a Man, 
by over- heating the Blood after Exercife or 
Drinking, &c. a$ fome of the keepers of 
thofe Houfes, have ingenioufly confefsM to 

Which unhappy accident proves the 
Truth of my Aflertion, when either Heat 
or Cold drives contrary ways, tho' the lame, 
or contrary qualities: For Heat made from 
within outwards, going into Heat, preiCng 
from withoutinwards, makes a ftrange hur- 
ry and blufter in the Blood: And in fuch a 
Cafe there is but one way to quiet and ap- 
peafe tliat Quarrel, which I found out by 
an accident on my felf. 

In Cold Water alfo there is the like di- 
forder, if iVIen go into it Hot from Exercife ; 
fome liave had their Limbs taken away, 
others their Hb^aring, as a Gentleman oa 
his own Head went from the Hot Bath to 
the Cold Bach at brifiol^znd being hot with 
Walking, and entering into a Sweaty was at 
thefirftdip, or duck, taken Deaf ; but was 
afterwards redorM, but not without fome 
troqble. And here -tisvery pertinent to 
iirifcrt a Letter of an Ingenious Young Geor 
ticman, a Member of this prefent rarlian 
ment, whofc Cafe is extreamly appofite to 
this purppfe. Xo 

FartU. Of Cold Baths. 525 

To Dr. Edward Baynard. 

" S 1 Rf Feb. ji, 1705. 

TTEaring you were upon making fome 
r X Obfervations on the Cold Baths, and 
^e operation of Heat and Cold on Human 
Bodies, I could not but accjuaint you with 
fomcEjcperimentof that kind. The Expe- 
rience of which, I muftconfefs, I have un- 
fortunately bought. And the thing is this. 

About Eleven Years ago in the Summer 
time, when Grafs was ready to be Mown, 
I being a School-Boy, went down to a Ri- 
ver, with four or five more, where, after 
we had been al! in tlie Water, we ran about 
:he Meadows, all Naked to dry our felves : 
But the Weatiicr being excelTive Hot, we 
(bon exercisd our felves till the Sweat ran; 
upon which, 1 being in a Sweat as weU as 
therein, went to the River and leapt in. I 
no fooner was in the Water, but my Limbs 
fait'd me, and there I lay hclplefs, the reft 
not daring to come to help, fearing the like 
Accident, *till one being fomewhat cooler 
I and bolder than the reft, lifted me out of 
■liie Water. Upon this, I was carried home, 
^^hereaftcr having taken fomething by the 
^Bfireftion gf a Fiiyfician, who happen'd 
rhea to live in the Houfe with me, next 
Morning T had the ufc of my Limbs, as 
''^— . well 

■ we 


g26 Of Cold Bath. Part 11. 

>vell as ever : But alas ! every thing was 
in a deep Silence, all Mouths had loft their 
Tongues, Bells their Clappers, Birds their 
Notes, Trees their Whittling ; in fliort,e'ery 
thing mov'd, as it were, by Enchantment ; 
and to conclude, mySenfeof Hearing was 
fo firmly lock'd up, that Vlyffes ne'er fecur'd 
his Companion's Ears fo well againft the 
Sirens^ as mine were againft all Sounds 
whatfoever. But, I thank God, by degrees 
my Hearing came to me, and I Hear now 
very well. 

I (hall add but one thing, and that is, my 
Head was not under Water, which, perhaps 
if it had, it might have had other EfFefts. 
But this I fliall leave to your Confideration, 
Who am, 

Tour humble Servant j 

G. D. 

From what has been faid, there is caufe 
enough of Caution, how Men unadvifedly 
run into Water either Hot or Cold, after 
being warm*d by Exercifc, or fpontaneous 
Sweats, for fuch Sweats are oftentimes cri- 
tical : And to make a check upon a Crifis, 
when Nature is throwing off the morbid 
Matter, may be of moft dangerous Confe- 
(juence, and with the greateft care and cir- 
cumfpeftion to be avoided. 'Tis true, what . 
Cuftoin may do for early u(age, I can*t ac- 


I \» 

toll. Of Cold Baths. 937 

lountfor; for 'tis matter of Faft, that in 
fiolltndt Flufders, and thofeCountrieSjwhen 
iheir Horfes are all in a foam, by Sweat and 
Labour, they immediately rufh 'em into 
Cold Water,, and fetthemup, andyetthey 

fet no harm. But Horfes that have not 
een accuftom'd to fuch ufage, muft re- 
ceive great damage by it; but leta Hoifebe 
rever fo hot, if you Swim a River on his 
Back, and Ride him hard after it, he receives 
no harm, becaufe the motion of the Blood 
nd Spirits being made the fame way that 
it was before he took the River, is continu'd 
'from within outwards, trom the Center to 
the Circumference; and thecheckmadeby 
the Cold Water, can be but fmall, becauie 
the Horfe labouring in Swimmini^, conti- 
nues the fame motion, and with as much 
labour as he d id in his fpeed in R\inmn^^&c. 
but it is the ftanding after fuch violent Ex- 
ercife that does the mifchief. So walliinga 
Horfe, or any other Animal fo heated, un- 
til he become cool, no Injury enfues ; And 
I heard an old Oliverian Souldier fay, That 
they preferv'd their Horfe much better than 
the C<*v/i//fr Party, by only obfervingftrift- 
ly the injunftionlaid on them by their Offi- 
cers, to walk their Horfes after a hard 
March, until they were cool, &c. And 
Huntfmen will tell you, it has often been 
obferv'd in foxes, that after a hard Chafe, 

338 Of Cold~Baths. Part II- 

theyM walk themfelves cool before they 
Earth. But the (illy Hare fquats in her 
Heat, and has often been taken dead, and 
ftifF, from her Form. 

I once in Hunting a fallow Deer in the 
Month of July J and a very hot Day, faw 
a fprightly Colt about 2 Years old, followed 
the Etogs over Hedee and Ditch during the 
Chafe, and, I think, the Buck (lood about 
four Hours before he funk, and was (eizM 
by the Dogs. This Colt being very Fat, 
and all over in a Foam, ran into a Pond, 
drank his fill,and then lay down ; the Huntf* 
men with much ado got him out, but he 
died in lefs than half an Hour. And here 
I remember that Colonel BampfieU of Hat* 
dington in Somerfetfljire^ told me. That a 
Stag, after a very hard Chafe, took the Wa- 
ter, drank his fill, and flood at Bay with 
the Dogs, but foon funk. And he did fb- 
Icmnly profefs, to his great amazement, 
that cutting the Deer's Throat whilft he 
was warm, the Blood flunk, and was Pu- 
trid, as it run from his cut Jugulars, drf. 
He was a Gentleman of Worth and fide dig" 
nwy and fince I have heard fomething like 
this confirmed by others. 

How many have been deftroy'd by drink- 
ing cold Liquors, after heated by Aftion ? 
Contrarily, the Guides at the Hoi Bath ne- 
ver catch Cold, by drinking cold Liquors, 


nU. Of CoU Baths. 

_;ho' never fo hot, by Bathing; and what is 
worth Obfervation. After a large draught 
of Beer, or Ale, (if hot by Bathing) that 
fhe Sweat Ihall immediately burft forth,and 
ifiand like fo many Pearls upon their Skins ; 
which old Stepheus^ who was a Guide above 
50 Years, has often Ihewn me in the flip ; 
IJind tho' through fuch profuie Sweats, they 
"•ifs but little, yet many of them live to 
^^reat Ages. 
, I am of the Opinion, that Man is not a 
j3rinking(becaufe not a carnivorous)Anima!, 
^tleaft no more than a Rabbet, or Sheep, 
^rcM to it when the Grafs is Sun-burnt, 
larch'd, and Dry, for if we iivM asdid 
fhe Antedilwvians, on Fruits, Roots and 
JHerbs, &c. thofe Efculents had moifture 
^nd fucculency enough co abate, (or rather 
to prevent) Tliirft. ForunderaftriftTem- 
'perance, where Men Sweat but little, and 
and ufe no Salted Meats, they are feldom 
or never Thirfty. And I knew a Man that 1 
told me he had not drank in a Month ; but 
then his Food was Apples, Melons, &c. 
And the lefs Men Drink, nay and Eat too, 
the better Health they enjoy, and are brisk- 
er and more lively than the Sot and Glutto^^ 
and live twice or thrice their Ages; for 
their Organs are lels ufed, and conlequcnt- 
ly iefs worn. They breed lefs Spirits, Icfs 
Blood, tUe Veins and Arteries are not fo 

Of Cold Baths. Pai^ 

fill'd and crowded, the Circulations notfb 
fwift and frequent, the Bowe!*! not fo thin, 
and the Mucus not wafh'd off, which rs 
not only a Lining and Defence to the Sto- 
mach and Bowels, but to the Veins and Ar- 
teries alfo, to keep their Coats from wear- 
ing in too quick and frequent Circulations, 
which in unnecefiary and thirftlcfs Epota- 
tions, efpecially of ftrong and fpirituous Li- 
quors, that unthinking Animal, the Drun- 
kard, puts the fatigud Troops of his own 
Houfhoid (Sots Ha/ij too often upon; till 
they ravage and lay waft that Carkafs, in a 
few Months, which might have ferv'd an 
honeft and fober Soul to havehv'd com- 
fortably in a hundred Years. Who, when 
he is forfaken ofhis Health, Mony, Time, 
Friends and God, too late cries out, in the 
bitternefs of his Soul : Oh ! that I had been 
Wife, &c. 

But, ad Rem. I am of ilie Opinion, that 
Spring Water, cover'd, in a Houfe, is much 
colder in the Night than in the Day, con- 
fiderably Colder I mean, than the abfence 
of Light can be fuppos'd to make it ; efpc- 
cially three Days before and after the new 
and full Moon, as the Spring Tides rife 
and fall; they give a ftrange frigidity to 
the Air, about that time, efpecially when 
the Wind is at any Northern Point. This 
I have tryed by my Hand, but not yet with 

Of Cold Baths. 531 

a Thermometer. That Cold is a Poficive, 
and not a Privation, SebAflUnus Wirdig, in 
his Traft de Medicha Sprttuum^ tho' Para- 
doxical enough, yet in fome of his Notions 
he may be right. He fays, That the Moon 
is as truly the caufe of Cold, as the Sun is 
ofHeat ; and he calls it a Cold Fire, and 
that it burns from its intenfe Frigidi- 
ty, &e. and that the Lunar Rays were 
the true and ftrift caufe ofCold; his Words 

"Vt Calor if ignU Sotufeu SoUris qui cdi- 
d,m efiy & a Sole tanquam a fonte ad nos rd' 
diat^ ex opfofito frigiu erit Ignu frigidus^ ex 
L.u»A Ad not demijfui. 

Frigus autem ejfe Sptntum Luadrem 

monfirnho \ per Mechamcam. Radii Lutii' 
res (olhciiper Lent em feu Speeulum comxvum 
frigidifunt ^ igne fuo jrigtdo Uptritui verru- 
cdrumn/egetxnte: enecATJt. And mighty fond 
he is of this Notion, that Cold is a Fire, 
and that the Eafterly Blafts, as the Etefjx^ 
burn the Leaves and tender T^yiggs , which 
blighted Leaves, &c. ifrub'd between your 
Hands, fmell vtry ftrong of a Sulphurous 
Gas. And that mofl: intenfe Cold will ex- 
ting;uifh a Candle. I fuppofe it muft be 
by (heathing the keen Particles of Niter in- 
to che Tallow, which Niter is invellopM in 
the frozen aqueous Particles of the Air, 
which thawing by the Flame, it is by them 
Z ex- 

55a Of Cold Baths. Part 11. 

extinguiQiMy or elfe the Flame reaching 
and melting the fmall Volatile frozen Icicles 
hovering in the condensM ambient Air, re- 
folves it into a Fog or Mift, which damps, 
fufFocates and choaks the Flame. 

Imferium jtbi arrogaf frigsa in ignem^ if a 
ut intentiffimM CoffdeUm extiniudt. 

That the Cold Bath^ the colder it is^ the 
fwifter the Spirits concentrate and flie from 
it I is fcen in Cyder and other Spirituous Li- 
Guorsthroughly froien,whereaI1 thePhlegm 
lliall be condensed, and the vinous inflama- 
ble Spirits crouded and concentered in the 
middle of the VclTel, &c. which Spirit is 
generally more or Icfs, according to the 
Ihcngch of the Liquor. But a Country 
Gentleman told me, diat he in the great 
Froft, "JanuAry^ idSj.faw'd a Hogflicadof 
very good Cyder fo frozen, in two, and 
that he had not above the 55th, or 6och. 
part of pure Spirit ; for ibme was fplit in 
the Operation, and that it lay in a Neft of 
an Oval form, &c. 

I have obferv'd fome of the beft Cures, 
done by the Cold Baths^ is from a fudden 
Plunge over Head, and fo immediately go 
out, and repeat it two or three times in > 
Day; cfpecially twice in a Morning afl 
Hour or two between each Immeriioo, 
when the Stomach is empty: for then the 
Body's not repleated and ftufrd with Foodi 


TI. Of Cold Baths. 335 

and the Head fcrene and clear, the Spirits 
have room to flioot, retire, and concentrate, 
wliich upon going out olthc Bath, the pref- 
fure and frigidity being taken Qi\\ by chcir 
ipringy and elaltick Power, force tlicir way 
and naffage through the obftrudled Nfirves, 
&e. but long itaying in, weakens their force, 
and the benefit of tTie Immernon is iof>. 

Hence I may Indance for a Simile, a 
Bow which drawn fmoothly to the Arrows 
Point, and that Moment let flie, it foars 
aloft, and anfwers the intent of the Shooter; 
but if it be drawn to the Head, and there 
held five or fix Minutes, ilic Fibers of the 
Bow being weakn'd by fo long a tcnfion, it 
hardly has ftrength to c)e6l it far from the 
ftation of the Archer. 

A Gentleman of theTewp/f, a halcfoiind 
Man, of a ftrong athlctick Habtt, out of 
a Humour, and to try his ftrength, ftay'd 
in the Cold Bath of Mr. Bajimt, at leafl 1 5 
or 16 Minutes; but it fo chilPd him, that 
he had much ado to recover it, and was not 
well in fometime. 

Another (tay'd in St. Mattgo\ fo long, 
until the Veins in thecxtrcam Parts began 
to look black, and the Btood ftagnatc, but 
was, thro' care, recovered ; but came not 
rightly to the free and genuine ufc of his 
Limbs in fome Months. So that the buft 
Remedies have their nocamentu, when ill 
Z 8 ad-- 

534 Of Cold Baths. 


adminiftred, over-dos'd, or abusMthro\ 
Folly and Ignorance. So Patients in tbefis 
Couifes Ihould be rul'd by their PhyfictM, 
and not jeft away themfelves out of a Bra* 
vado; fo a Man that can't A'nvw, and hanit 
help*near, «» iBf/j over the t^ofe^ will a$ 
foon drown him, as if cart away in the Btj 
ofBtfcaj. But, I hope, a Word to the Wift 
is enough. 

The beft and wholfomeft thing in Nature 
may prove noxious, by intcmpeftiveorim-' 
moderate Ure, according to the old Diftich.- 
BalneSj l^iaa, Veans^ corrumfunt torpor a 
ReJiiruanteaJemy B'tlite*, VinsVeata. (firt^i. 

Baths, Wine, and Wifes, 

Deftroy, if took too much. 
But Healthful all, 

When Now and Then a Touch, 
So that nothing can be fo friendly toour, 
tet3der Ndtures^RS the temperate ufe ofevof; 
thing, efpcciatly thofe which relate toour 
Hedthi; and 'tis rare to fee very Old Me%,. 
or Women, but in fome one thing the^ 
were always cautelous, and liv'd by a cci^ 
tain Rule, either in Eating, Drinkinft, 
Rert, Exercife, &c. or not eafily angr^ 
or dirturb'd by other turbulent Ftffio^. 
orthe Miads ; and 'tis fuch People that uffr 
ally bring found and healthful Children iiin^ 
theWorld; and onthe contrary, thcProui^ 

Of Cold Baths. 535 

lughty, Froward, Il!-Natur'd, that vex 
^ fref at every Trifle, together with their 
gh favory Haaces^ Wine and ftrong Drink 
t every Meal, Supping in a Morning, and 
fining at Supper Time, bring a brood of 
ftifcraDlefmall Kjfg^s-Eyillj^ Scshly, Ricket- 
^Jnfims fcarce worth the rearing. 

f [itch /AeOfF-fprings Are of Purtnts Lewd, 
Vhtt mafi the Producl he of iP fgcond Brood 
And their produce, will jitUbe worfe and morfe, 
Uefides the Ails//ve Child fuck's from the Nurfe ? 

And now I fpeak ofthe Rickets, I know no- 
thing in Nature fo Speci^ck and prefent a 
Cnre as Cold Immerfion: and theiefore, 

tr believe, this Diftemper was not known 
ta the time of Hippocrates-, where he fays. 
Cold is naught for the Bones, Brain, Teeth, 
Nerves and Spinal Marrow,(^e. wherechtcf- 
\y the feat ofthe Rickets lies. His Words 

arc TO -vjjy^g^v -m)Al|iA*''i' orfoiJic, oVwin, I'^'g^if, 

SyiMiftitAc^, /A.:i\^. And concludes.the cnd 
ofthe Aphorifm, tj ^ S-ejSHJv oipsAi/^si', by 
which he means Heat, or Warmth, are of 
ufe, and comfortable to thefe Parts, to which 
he fuppofes, that Cold is injurious. As to 
Coid, I conceed and agree with him, (jaate^ 
niuCold; but cold Immerfion only atls as 
cold upon the Sarface^ and outward Skin 
andbyclofingthe Pores, 8cc. flops the per- 
fpiring ejfJavia, and turns thofe heated and 
Z J warm 

Of Cold Baths. Pai 

warm Steams on the Blood again, which 
muft invigorate the Blood and Spirits by 
the addition of that //«r, which is loft by a 
continued perfpirmion, the Body being in- 
carcerated in Water, and all the avenuts 
ftopp'd up, even refpintitoa for that Mo- 
ment o( fahmerfioa;' -which ^ I think, is the 
only meafure of T^we, (Children at leaft) 
and Wedk People, ought to ftay in the Cold 
Bath, and let the Immcrfion be the oftner. 
repeated ; by which means they would be 
fecur'd from thofe accidents and haz-Mris^ 
which a longer ftay might bring upon them. 
And this fecms tobe the Sentiment of the 
Learned Senmria^, 1. 4. c. 7. de Bain. Ft 
gida vera aqua Partes quidemy qass attiagit^. 
refrigerate ex accidentitamen^ Ports eoactu^t^ 
atq\ intra repulfo & coaclo tdlore^ ca/efscit, 
IJade fi ex dijfipatwne calor aalivus fericUt^ 
fury frigida temfefii-ve exhihita earn reeoSigeih^ 
di & confervandi non parvam i<im habet to- 
tamf, Corfm, (^ imprimii caraofam Mt/fculo* 
rum fubjlantiawfrmat. 

As to the Rickets, it was a Diftemper iq 
EfigUfid 3\vciQ&. worn out, but now it begins' 
tocomeinr/.yagain.Butinthe timeof Kng, 
C/«r/ej I. it was alrooft epidemical ^ fewFa^ 
miljes efcaping it ; efpecially thofe that were. 
Rich and Opulent, and put their Childreo 
out to Nurfe ; where, thro' unnatural Vfage^^ 
jad vicious difagieeable Mitky the Infant 
,/ was 

Fart 11. Of Cold Baths. 5^7 

* was foon fpoil'd by contrafttng from the 
drunken Nurfe^ Cacocymiom Juices ; hence 
with the growing Infant grew up, the Boot 
•falliiod for the Men, and long Coais for the 
Women ; for they were fo afEam'd at their 
crooked Le^s^ that they wore Boots to 
hide them. And this beginning at Court 
(among the Qualiij') the flreight Legg*d 
Fools tauik follow the Fafhion, and wear 
Baois too, witli great BootHofe tops of 
I fineUnnen, Jac'd, &\ ymgling S^urrs^ ■ 
Iwhich gave occafiou to the then witty Spa- 
ifi jsmbajfador at his return home, to jeft 
pon our FoUies ; for being ask'd by his 
after, the Spamjb K/^S* u London were a 
bulous C/V; ? heanfwer'd, it w.n. Was, 
ply'd the/vM^, why isitnotfonow? no, 
_boch the /tmbajfador, I believe they are 
gone e*re this, for they were all Hooteky be- 
fore I came out of Totvf). 

Thefe Nur/es fpoil and deftroy, through 
qegleft and want of (true Mother) Tender^ 
nffsy two thirds of the poor Infants com- 
mitted to their Care. A very pious and 
good Man, Miniver at this time of a certain 
Town not far from London^ on the Banks 
of the River of Thames, told me, with a 
great deal of Sorrow and Concern, that it 
was the greateft trouble he had in the World 
to fee, even in his own Pmjh, how many 
Children were facrific'd Yearly to tlie bar- 

338 Of Cold Baths. 

barous Treatmenc and ill Ufige of their,' 
Narfes, what with bad Milk of their own,"^ 
and feeding the -young Infant with mtited' 
Meats and Drinks, as jieafy new AU, ac, 
Stale-Beer^ &c. which makes it Pukt^ or' 
gives it the Gripes, from green porraceous; 
Bile, &CC. Then it has the WVmj forfbotb^ 
and murt bephyfick'd the Nurfes way, by- 
fome neighbouring drunken old WomanJ 
qr favourite ^jmcL- or Jpoil/ecarjF^ wh^ 
vouches for the Nurfes Care, that its time' 
was come, and no more could be done ; and' 
this difmat Alarm is pofted to the Parent^ 
two Hours after it is dead, to haft dowO]; 
the Child being fuddenly taken very /I? 
and that ufually when 'tis over-Z^irf, of 
choack'dv/\r.\\ hard handageyK-c. Downcomes' 
Madam the Mother, furbulo'd, with atT 
ere£ted /?«?«^ (crying and bellowing) andl 
running about half Mad, like a Coip ihu^ 
with a G-ti/ F/;e, and with her iW«(i ladett 
with Pots^ Glsffes, Vemce-TrtaeUf soodj 
Kents'j Powder, Goat-JJoney BUck-CTitrr^ 
Water, &c. And after her, £«/rp, her Hus^ 
band with a Coach and four, with perhapd 
a brace of Do^orj, or fome famous CAi/i^ji 
Apothecary, &c. And thus the i**rf»//are 
kept in the Dark, and the jW«r//^pr of their 
Children ftifled, when all this might havc'' 
been avoided, by bringing the Child opb^ 
Hasd^ at home, under th? Mother's £;f,rr 


Of Cold Baths. 339 

)' Weaknefs, or want of Milk or good 
fles^ fhe could not Nurfe it her felf. But 
fe deficiencies in the Mother, are chiefly 
ing to her Parents^ who muft have Mils 
le, and tight lac'd for a/rWer Waft, era 
7 or a dancing Boat^ &c. hence the Nip- 
5 are fqueez'd in, and the whole Breaft 

1 flat, when young. Thus the GUnds 
prefs'd and injur'd, and made incapable 

%i officio, in laftifying and fweetning the 
fiood into that delicate 'Juiee caird Milfr, 
)id fometimcs worfc accidents attend thefe 
nrd Lacings, as Cancers^ Scirrhous and hard 

Tamors in their Breafts, &c. But Women 
hat are not able to Nurfe their Children, 
hd will not, thro' Pride,Lazinefs, or fome- 
hing clfe not to be nam'd, are Monilers or 
he worft of Brutes : for nothing can be fo 
friendly and homogeneous to the Chi/d, as 

^eMother''s A///*,being of (or very ncar)thc 
ame Subjlance of which the Child was made^ 
nd nourifh'd in the Womlf. And I am of 

2 Opinion, that without Go*/'/ ^rwf Mer- 
there are more Women d*mn''d for 

£hild-deftroying, xhzafa'ved by Childbcar- 
^ Do they know what they do, when 
they foolifhly, or wickedly deftroy a Child? 
who knows what this Child might have 
come to? They may rob Heaven ofa 54/»f, 
the Throne of a Priacr^ the Church of a 
^Jlio^t ^^^ *^^^ Bench ofa ^udge, 8rc. Great 
-^ " Meq 

CffCW Baths. Pi 

Men and good Men have fprang from meai 
PsrentSy andfmall Beginnings, and yet have 
been inllrumental to fave a Kjfi^dom^ Ex»j 
amples iliat Hiftory is full of, &c. I knew, 
iTiy felfas proper a Gentleman as moftii 
EngUttA^ was faved in the Btrth^ byade- 
fign to deftroy him. His Motiier was fpent' 
with /;4r^ Lubour^ and a skilful Man being 
icnt for, to deliver her, and feeing no pof- 
fibl? means elfe left to fave her^ rtruck bis. 
r Inftiuraent into the Roof of the Child*Sy 
I ^athj inftead of the Sku/I, and lb brought 
I^m into the World; and, I think, he toM> 
me his Mother was alfo fav'd. He was 3 
Gentleman of anancientFamily in Cbejbtre, 
By this Woujid, he had a great Impedi- 
ment in his Speech, but might be very well 
underrtood, when he took time to exprefc 

BiiE npw to tell you how many Oiiidren 
have been deftroy d by Sisathing and Roal- 
in^y ii a hlfck Scene. Hence moft Difeales 
of the.C/jf/?, and Lujigiy JJihmit\ ihort 
Bresthwgs^ Confumptions, and all the Cough- 
ing Trtbe. I have openM, and iz&a opcn*d, 
a great many Men and Women in my Lif^ 
and I, profefe, near the halfoi what I faw, 
either one Lobe or othexjluck^ adher'd, and 
grew totlie Ribbs^ that is, the P^ear* ; and 
I priijcipaliy attribute this misfortune to 
Swathing and Rowling: and my Realbns ar» 
n ■■>'/} thdii 

Of Cold Baths. 34.1 

efe. Firft, it has been obferv'd, as &ras 
tcould learn by enquiry, that the JnMaitfj 
Bind feveral other Nations, as the High lani- 
»•/ inScotUndy the native /r/^ are proper, 
pir, ftreight, becaufe never rosvl'd. My 
cxt Reafon is, becaufe Infants^ when (0 
•cry Tender and Youns, are little better 
^an a fquah Duck^ or Chicken, a meer Cd~ 

B or Gtateay and may be torith'd and tvrung 

y the leaft mif-bandage into any inform 
^gure and Shspe: Hence crooked Backs Jhackle 
iiamsj Biker Kpees^ &c. Now when this 
joor Infant is tight rowPdy and wrap'd in 
Jlannel, nay Flannel upon Flannel, and 
■id to Bed in Harnefs ; *tis impoffiblethat 
ne Chefi can expand to its full ftretch in In- 
fairatipn, fo confequently can't grow to its 
|ue extent ; but the Lftngs are at liberty (for 
Siey can't be rowPd) and fo grow in bulk, 
ioo fad for the ClieO: In breadth; but the 
ftreaft not extending equally with the 
erowth of the Lungs, the Lungs grow too 
pig for the hollow of the Thorax, and by 
puching and adhering to the Pleurn, there 
pick and grow. 

Hence 'tis that for the moft part fuch 

Ihlldren are Potbellyd^anA have large Heads 
becaufe the Head and Belly can't be fo con- 
^'nientJy rowl'd as the Ribs, he. and fuch 
ihlldren, if they live, befides the infirmi- 
ff la J?fM//'/0g, are \ii^a}\y vtntricouSf and 
Id n<» 

543 Of aid Baths. 

not fo dgil and tiimkie as other Children, and 

are apt t« Aide into white SmSings and Leu- 

cofhlegmatia'Sf &tc. 

Obferve a Child when *tis iooje and up- 
L^r/V , before the Nurfe puts it to BeJ, 
1^ it plays with its little Hands and LeggSj 

\Ad is fo pleas'd ; and how fowr and fro- 
[ Ward, when 'tis hacked up for a whole 
FjJights Vsin and Torment. *Tis a great 
fShame that greater care is not taken In fo 
r Weighty an Aflajr, as isthe Birth^ and Breei- 
tUtg^oHh^K. Nohic Creature, MAN: and 
[ 'ibnfidering this ftupid and fupinc negli* 
I ^ehce, I have often wondred that there are 
IiD many Men as there are in the World, 
k For what by Abortions too too oft caufed 

by the unfcafonable, too frequent, and boi- 
^fterous, drunken AddrefTes of the Husband 
* to.ttie Wife, when young with Child, and 
Lfier high Feeding, fpiced Meats , Soops 
r*hd Sauces, what with ftrait Lacings, Dan- 
\ 6tngs, and the like, one full half of the Men 
f. begotten are deftroyed in the Shelly fquob'd 
i jn the Neji, murther'd in Emhryo^ and ne- 
*yer fee Light; and half of the other half 
f^trUid^ ftarv^d, ^(T^fon'd by ill Food, aiu] 
, tin'dat A^«r/e, 8fc. 

r -^rho' breeding Children by Hand is as fefe 
%k way when under the careiif t\\cMothtr\ 

. sifanf , or feme near Relation, yet WomanS 
'Milk is much better, and more Natural: 

It if the Mother be under fuch cireum- 
tances as not to be able, let herchooiea 
^urfe of the fame Complexion,fanie colou- 
ed //<!/>, Difpofition and Temper of Miad, 
jid as near as Ihe can of the fame j4ge too 5 
br the ftrong Milk of the Reti and BUek, 
will not agree with the Fair and Broa-n, 8fc. 
ind let thcNurfe ufeher felf toChearfulnefe, 
ind a cooling Dyet, often eating thin Milk- 
rorrage, and often drinkiaga Glafs or two 
>f good Spring-Water, once in a Day at 
Eaft> efpecially after eating a full MeaJ of 
^Ujby and drinking Wimjov any other ftrong 
Oriak, &c. for that will temper and allay 
[he Afrimonj of the Blood, and dilute and 
^a(h offby Vrwe ihofe caujiial and acrid 
Sails, which often are the caufe of G«/«, 
ind fometimes Coftvuifions, &c. 

If the Nurfe, at any time, drinks any 
crmented Liquors, let it be a fmall, well 
>rew*d, clear J*/f, neither »fn' noryowr ; but 
above all, let her have her due Heft, and 
go to her Repofe betimes. Sleep foftens 
and fweetens the Juices ; for the fecretions 
,are better made in the ftate oi ^tetude and 
Refit than in JilioUf Noife and Hurry: 
This is every Days Experience at the Bath, 
(and in all other Places where 'tis obferv'd) 
'tfaa£ the Wntrs pafs beft, either fitting/i/f, 
' "r lying in Bed. 

I have 

344 Of Cold Baths. P^ 

I '■ I have been fcnt for often, and fometitiies 
I IcnockM out of Bed, to Children juft dying, 
J In Fits^ as they call it ; and fomettmes have 
I ften the Child black in the Fsce^ HAiids and 
[ KArms. I ftraight caus'd it to be ftripM mk- 
[ «(/, and the Child was well in an'Inftaoc: 
[.And I always found (or very rarely oiher- 
wifc) that it was either tight Swathing^ 
Ythit-fiays^ or other hard Bandage, was the 
l^nly caufeof the Fright and Fear. 

And if all the Phjjicims^ Chirargesnj zad 

I jlpotheearies, fliould club their Obfervations 

|-^ this Head, I doubt (befides what really 

hjfliefor*t) two thirds of the Peojile of this 

]-Natiofi have been a hundred times half 

ifl>4^V, before they were a Year Old. 

*• How many poor Infants have I fecn 

brought fiackl'd to the Foaty half choakM 

to receive the 6rft Seal of its Sslvation, with 

a Face as black as my Hi;, as if it blajb'd 

for Original Shy and all through the fuper- 

fine tight Dreflings of Madam the Midlife, 

or her principal Maid of Honour, Mrs. //« 

Narfe,; nay, fome have been fo hard fwa- 

thed, they have been forcM to flacken the 

Bandage, even in the Chareh. 

Now, when they chriftenM Children by 
Immerftoft^ the poor Infant was fecure from 
that Days Punifhment ; for doubtlefs they 
carried it loofe to the Fonty in order to the 
more convenient and fpeedy dipping of it 

'art II. Of Cold Baths. j45 

I could wifh all Mothers^ Midivifeszad 
Ruffes, &c. to whom thefe Prefents fhall 
;ome, that it maybe impreji'd on 'em (like 
he beginning of Bonds) w ith a aoverint 
wiverfi, that they may not only be admo- 
lifhM of this great Fauiiy but that riiey 
smend it alfo. 

One thing I had almoft forgotten, which 
as materiai as any thing laid ; that I was 
bardly ever call'd to any Child convuls'd in 
Xh&Month^ but upon enquiry, I found that 
jiliofeF^j (moftly) proceeded from giving 
^e Child SACK,, or other fpiritaotet Li- 
quors analogous to it, or at kad dilcovered 
the Efe^ from the Caafe, when the Mother 
pr Nurfe chear'd up their Spirits ten times 
10 a Daj, with a plentiful Dofe; but what 
jonore wonderful is, that this unnatural ufagc 
iJhould fo long prevail among M» (fo ten- 
der of their species) when every Butcher 
mows it would kill his Calf, without ei- 
^er Ax or Hatchet ; nay, even fome of 
pur famous Bottom-tvrtghti, for want of a 
^gbt Bottom, the Mid-men havefo far con- 
wnted to this fatal and pernicious Pra£fice 
as never to dlfcountenaace or forbid it ^ 
_^nd without the flop b^ins there, or 
qtianiM by Pbyficiaos, I doubt thofe great 
'^rrcrs will amble on, to the end ot the 
Chapter. And To I (hall conclude this Sub- 
let with a Relation of a Child almoft 
,i,i_ { fweat- 

54.6 Of Cold Baths, Parti 

iweatcd and fmother'd to death, 
ijovci-careof itsown Parents. 

Iwasfentfor tothisChiU (not far from 
•the B*thJ about three quarters of a Year 
Old, dying as the MelTenger told me. I 
found it in a great Sweat, hard tuePd in a 
wooden Crad/e, and in the heat of Sum- 
mer, the Month of Juiy. I caus'd tbc 
Child to be taken out, and brought near 
the Fire, fo (Iript it naked^ and put on it a 
warm clean Shtfr, (the Cloaths taken off 
the Child both Linnen and Woollen, were 
fo wety you might have wrung Vm) and over 
the Linnen Shift, a loofe fort of a Child's 
Gown. The Child's Tongue was very white, 
it made figns for Drink, I caufed three 
parts fVdter^ and one part A/i/it, to be hea- 
ted a little under Milk-warm ; *tis tncredi* 
ble to tell how much of it that poor Infant 
drank, and foon fell afleep ; in which Sleep, 
it had a Jarge loofe Stool, and five Hours al- 
ter, when it awak'd, it was as well as ever 
it was in its Life. I believe the ioofe Stool 
might proceed from the large quKnthy it 
drank; and thcMotherafcerwardstoId me, 
that they obferv'd that the Child made no 
Water in a great many Hours after it awa- 
ked, and then it was not in any quantity, 
fmelt very ftrong, and high coloured, is 
much as they could perceive, byitaining 
the Clouts. 


~ Of Cold Baths . 947 

iTcIling this Cafe to my learned Friend Dr. 
quoth he, I doubt not but many yOuug 
ildren are dejlrofd by fuch ufage ; and noc 
hly Children, but oU Folks roo. I retnem- 
jr, faid he, that I was call'd in wherq ano- 
icr Phyfician had deny'd a Man Driffk in a 
Soft intenfe ^>^'f^, with a PUariJie^ that the 
^lood was fo ^lutwoMsnd thick, that itcould 
t run (for want of dilution) tho' the K«ii 
•as fairly opened. I ordered the Patient to 
inkasmuch aslie picas'd; upon which, he 
I freely, and prefently began to mend, 
Ae^fvanidiM, the Pieuritiek Pains went 
and the Man recover'd in a Day or two. 
i could give a loofucli Iftpatices, where 
people of all Jj^es have been lolt, by being 
;nyM Drtijk; and in tlie Small Pox it has 
:n of fatal confecjuencci for it nor only hin- 
sthe filling of the PuJluU-s^ but the fiery 
_ ;alous 5'j//-- are thereby retain'd in the Biood^^ 
hd not walh'd off by Vrine^ which does noj 
niyincreafc Thirjl^ but li the chief caufec^ 
'nqaietade^ and Relllejmp^, &c. and an J^pU 
or two boii'd in Milk and IVater^ and ftrainV 
off, and drank jw/fp, or very near Cold, ," 
the belt 'Julap in the World. I could enlarge.,' 
upon this Heid, from tny (?»■«, and other', 
Phyficium Experience, but verbumfat. ^ 

hy [his Ihort digrellion from inypurpoie, 
I have eas'd niy Mi/»d of a debt I ow'd to the - 
defence of helplefs and tender hifdnn-^ and I^ 
A a could 

Of CM Baths. Part II 

long rerencion had made To grear an extenfioa 
of the Bladder^ being fill'd with too great a 
quantity of tJr/ws, that Nature, without help 
of Arc, could not relieve her, and the Igno^ 
ranee of the Attendants and People about her 
made wrong applications of Quite contraries^ 
as the ufe of warm Cloaths, crc. and fill'd hef 
v/ith Liquors, as Syder, Stale Beer» White- 
Wine, with Hony diffoW'd in it, &c. which 
but fill'd the Veflels, and added to the oveiv 
loaded Bladder, tooiull before, that in twoOE 
three Days flie began to fwcU in the Kwai 
firft, next in tlie Habit of the Body, which 
would /-^f apon preirinc with the Finger, as> 
Ufual in an J/3afarca, &c. at laft fhe grew 
Sleepy, and then was let's fenfible olpaia; 
and dyed about the 14th D-y. Now had 
any Body about her been fo Wife, as to havft 
taken fome Blood fiom the Arm, and kept 
her lifting, put her F<jet into cold Water, 
and walh'd her Arms, Neck and Breaft with 
it alio, 'tis forty to one, but that the Ladf 
.ijoight have had the benefit of emtffion thro'« 
ftrong univerfal mufcularcontraflion, whicS 
'^y tlieextrtam frigidity andconfenc of Pare 
prm the fuddcn attack of external inteal 
C^old) might have given fuch a general fhocfc 
p. the wliole, as to have faved her Life, eff 
jccially it flie had had the conveoiency of. 
w^/lmmerfion. Several have received gre^ 


by the ufe of Cold Water, bothiBK 

■ward and outward, in mafly Urinous Cafts* 
'but cfpecially in a Supprcfllon caufed by 
long retention, &c. But oftentimes a g^'cat 
Supprcffion proceeds from another Caufe * 
fls when the Blood is too vifcous and clam- 
By, and docs not feparatc its urinous Serum ; 
»ntl fomctimes by default in the renal Sccrc- 
flons, &c. In fuch a Cafe I have fecn Acids, 
^ Yith Vegetable and Chymical, dranfc incon- 
''vcnicnt Vehicles, hjvc, like Rcnct to Milk,, 
leparatcd the Scrum, (o as Secretion luisbecn, 
prcfently made in the Kidneys, and tlie Man 
has urin'd immediately. Several Examples 
of this were printed in the Phdofoffjiid Tran- 
/aft. Anrio\h(j'^ in the beginning of tlie 19th 
Volume, &c, where Dr. C'c/tand Mr. iJfr- 
hafi^ in fuch a Supprcflaon, were concerned 
with mc, in the Cafe of Mr. lUger Kjmion^^ 
then Member of Parliament, who had not 
made a drop of Water In fome Days, and 
no Water in his Bladder, by the proof of the 
Catheter ; bur by the ufe of Acids, as Lcm- 
nion in Rhenilli Wine and Water, Sfir. Nt- 
tri dalcis, and the like, he was perfcftly re- 
covered in a v'cry little Time. What cold 
Immcrfinn would do in this fort of Suppref- 
fion, 1 have not try'dj but ic fcems rati> 
onai, that the Cold driving the Heat inward, 
the Spirits fhould quicken the flug^ifli Se- 
cretions, if fome brisk vinous Spirits were 
given inwardly, and the Patient well rub*d 
Aa 3 with 


with a hard Hand in the Bath at the tame 

Mr. Chri/fopher Stocks^ of I'Vhiichareh in 
fiAmp/bire, had, here in London^ a total fup- 
prefllonof Urine. He had feveral Phyfici- 
an& with Iiiin, as well as my felf, we tryed 
all things tryablc, but cold Water and Acids, 
which he would iioc confent to. He began 
togrowdrowfieonlhe 7th Day, and dyed 00 
the 1 5th. To my bcft remembrance, Mr. 
WilliArn Co'.vp,-r tfie Surgcon openM Mm, 
and we found no Stone in his Bladder, but 
one very fmall as a Vetch, or Pea, but his 
Ureters were ftiiftasfull of fmall Gravel and 
Sand as they could hold, as alio the Kidneys. 
One thing here i? worthy of Note, that he 
toid mc, that he never took any fowrc, fharp 
Meats, or Liquors in his Life, and that he 
Was a great lover of new Ale. He was a 
Man of a Toft ft^dentary Life, towards his lat- 
ter end, and ufet!, very little Exercifc. 

The learned Dr. Cyprtanas^ the famous Li- 
thotomift, (who has receivM fucli beneiji 
by Cold Bathing, that lie has made a moft 
convenient Bath m his Houfe) told me, that 
he has long obferv'd, thofe that ufe Exenife^ 
and eat ti}h and Milk Meats often, are lel- 
dom or never troubled with the Stone, &c. 

And I remember Mr. Pei7nit of Puiuey^ a, 

very honefl Man, and a good Surgeon, being 

L' wush troubled with the InHrmities of fhort 


11. Of Cold Baihs. 35? 

Breathing, and much llulft: in his Lungs, 

(.told me, That lie very much H-aiM that his 
-.Dirtemper was owing to his much drildngof 
pew /He. And many have complain'd of Pains 
^ the liovtls, from drinking ol turbid, thick, 
''fiafty^ nady, new JU\ whicii I look upon 
Co be a very un wholfomc, dangerous Liquor : 
and chat yeafty new Bread, together with 
ftnle FUfh^nA Fijh, is the chief caufe of moil 
of tlieDifcafes that the generality of the Peo- 
ple labour under here in Town, ror a Sir-r— 
is a Sir-r—- whether boiL'd or bak'd ; for the 
T — that you han't in your Drink, you have 
in your Uread; and therefore I like well tho 
Adage, viz.. 
md Drink what isf/edr, 
^P And eat what haeiv; 
^^' Conceal whar you hear, 
^v And fpcak what is true. 
^r And until this be remcdy'd by the Magil^ 
tratc, and it be made Criminal to vend fuch 
thick unwholefome Liquors^ the People may 
driftk oa, and die on ; and a great Shame it is, 
thatfucha Church-yard /^riic/f asthis, fhould 
fo long prevail, perhaps unknown, unthought 
of, or conlldcr^d, &c. 

Anno 1670. Several Scorbutick and other 
unknown Difcafes, raging among the Poorer 
fort of People, from the infalubrity of bad 
Bread, and Malt Drinks, which tlien began 
Aa 4 19 

554 Of Cold Baths. Part II. 

to be in fafhion in the City of Paris ; It fo 
alarmM the Parliament there, that there was 
a Confult ofTenof the moft learned Phyfici- 
ans appointed to enquire into the Caufc ; and 
they found it to proceed from the ufe of bad, 
hard, Well- Waters, and thefcarcity of well 
bak'd, wholfome Country BreaJj called there 
Paiff de Go/jejfe; and that the City Bakers 
ufed privately the Excrements of Malr-Li- 
quors, caird Baulirt^ers' au petit Pairt^ nafty 
Barm and Yeaft, inftead of Eggs, Milk and 
LeaVen^ &c. 

And I once faw a Brcwer^s Uo^j a young 
)ai^e Maftiff, had an Arthritis vaga^ and his 
Limbs terribly fwell'd, with lapping new 
Ale^ and licking the Yeaft from their Trough 
and Stilling, and afterwards died of the Gout 
and Dropfie. So curfedly unwholfome are 
t\it faces of Malt Liquors, which hitherto has 
been (lid over, and not look'd into, and con- 

I have confiderM the Nature of Waters, 
that its conftituenr Parts are fubtile and fine, 
beyond Conceprion, what ftrange Nourifli- 
ijient it gives in mixtures, and how very little 
Avzvkperfe: as for Example. Mix an Ounce 
pf Oatmeal with a Pint of Milk, and give it 
to a Pig, &c. and mix with fuch a quantity of 
Milk and Oatmeal, a quart of Water, and if 
fliall nourifh as much more, as has been of- 
ten trved on young Animals. ProbaWy the 


Of Cold Baths. 555 

-Oatmeal, bcingclanimy, glutinous and thick, 
fCBn't fowtll pafs the Strainers into the Blood, 
Bis by the help ot the Water, to dilute, and 
^|ad it alonf; through all the Labyrinths and 
Ma7.cs of Uigeftions and CJircniations; and 
how little Oatmeal, with Water, will hccp 
a M^n alive, and in FIcalth, is hardly credi- 
table. But I have tor{;ot tkc Story told, as to 
the quantity, but I am fure a Hen would cat 
more in a Day, whole in the Grain, and un- 
ground, tlian hedidalmoft intwoDays; and 
fuch Nouriflimcnr, with Hxcrcifc, is whoU 
feme, clean, cool and good. According to 
H'ppoiraies^ Sei^t. iv. Aphor. xlviii. where 
he cammends Oars as an admirable Grain, fo 
be U5'd both in Meat and Drink; and the 
Notes upon ihnt Aphovifm by Sponiits^ arc 

tyionh reading. I mention Oais, bccaufe I 
kvc tried all Grams with Cold Water, in 
Difeafes orthcLun|;<;, and Bnd none lihc Oat- 
meal, for HamecUt & Rffrsgerat. And 1 
know'. a- certain Dillcmpcr curM by fuah a 
Dycc, and Cold Bathing, when the PafJenc 
was hroucht to the brink of tlic Grave, and 
nothing elfc would do. All whici) hidiciently 
proves that ir-i/cr will iiourilh, rho'notfo 
evidently per fe, as in the mix'd ; but a very 
Learned French i'hylkian Dr. Peter Petit^ 
whoamong other Learned Tradlswrita Book, 
4e Nufrimtulo Aqitsrim, fee his r..ifc in Mr. 
CoSirr'i Uifho/mrj. 

I had another Gentleman tinder my Ca| 
.ivho had tirfl trycd the Cold Baths, whui 
" -cpard him the better for Cold Immerfioi 

'» was a Scorbutick Pt^ftyt with wandri(( 
'Pains, much hkc the Artlirtitt vag^i, but wiilj 
out Inflammations, hut fometimcs Swelling 
on the back of his Hands, and Feet. Oa& 
meal and Water brew'd cold, together wiih 
a vcty little Sugar, was, for fometime, h^ 
condant Drink; and by the ufeof the Cola 
£ath, about a Month after he had moderatft* 
ly ufrd the Hot, he was perfedly cured. 

^^t, Cure of an jigue (hy a forc*dPut)t 
i(ii08 jVir. "Edward Bofwell, UteGtm*^ 
2" jr«* of Her Majefiys Shnf the Scz^ 
' ' Horl'e, and Jince of the Gr\^n Fire- 
jhip. In a Letter to me. 

• SIR 

* '^ Being on board the EUz^btth^ a Mcr- 
*' jL chant Man, in the Year 9J, I hadgot 
f. it-terrible Ague, which held me about five 
*'Weeks. Welay at Anchor in Tori-i;, and 
• 'badextream bad Weather, infomuch that 

* f "was perpetually Wet, during the Storm, 
f the Ship being very leaky, and Iforc'd to be 
f'-flpon Deck, &c: Ic was cxtream Frofty 

♦ •Weather, and (harp hard gales of Wind, 
. * our Ship was forc'd on Shoar on the Rocks, 

Of Cold Baths. 557 

ating her felf to pieces. I was refolv'd 
coimnic my fclf to the Seas, and the 
Mercies of Almighty God; and being a 
bretty good Swimmer, 1 leap'd over-board, 
sing weak and feeble, could not reach the 
oar; and my ftrength being gone, I re- 
;nMmy felf up for another Wcrld ; but 
^ near the Shoar, a Black leap*d in, 
i caught hold of me, and pluck'd-me out, 
'^1 was Speechlefs. The People got me in- 
to a Houfe, and laid me in Bed, and the 
' next Day I was as well as ever I was in 
' my Life. In a few Days 1 fet forwards 
' towards London^ having nothing but a 
' thin Waift-coat, and Calamanco Breeches; 
' lb I travelt'd So Miles in the Snow, with* 
our either Shooes or Stockings. But na- 
' withflanding all thefe fevere bardfhips, I 
never catch 'd Cold. There are feveral Men 
' alive, that were Ship-wreck'd with me, 
*tat can atted this. 

/ am 
Tour humiflr Servant, 

Edward BofwelL 

'One Mr. Holding told me, of his owq 
owledge, that before the Fire of Londort, 
a Citizen long ttoubl'd witli a quartan Ague, 
9od tioding no Cure froni taking great quan- 
tities of unfuccefsEul PhyHck, wasadvis'd, 
^ a Friead, to leap mio Cold Water, it be- 

^5S Of Cold Baths. 

ing in the Month of Decemher : he fully r 
ving to try it, accquainted only two or thix 
of his Companions; and having got a F 
ready to rake him up, about two or three a^ 
Clock in the Morning, it heing near the tim^ 
he expe£tedhisFir, down went heto^«»-' 
Hiih^ and fat on the Rail ready to bounce in, 
(tt being a clear Moon-Oiiny-Nighc) andaK 
things prepar'd to receive him. In he leap'dJ 
wastaken upandputto Bed, where he Swearm 
plentifully, but never hear'd moreof hisdcfl 
ihivering Companion. I remember his0ia«l 
Jogue with his Ague, was the talk otihcl 

I have (mown a great many Agues cur'd* 
by a fudden plunge inro Cold Water; but 
the Perfon to be fubmerg'd (for without a 
duck over Head and Ears, it wilt not do fo 
eflfeSually) fhould always be told of the de- 
fign, and^ive their confent. For 1 knew a 
pretty young Woman furpriz'd under the 
Notion of gathering fome Liver-tvort^ which 
grew on the Wall by the Ponds brink, 
which' was very deep in that Place, and as 
fhe was ftonping, her own Father (I think) 
took her by the Heels and pop'd her in. *Tis 
true, it curM Iier Ague, but made a worfc 
fwop; for fhe was that Moment fc'izM with 
Epileprick Fin, from the Fright, which held 
her many Years after, much to the trpubteof 
her Frientk and Relations. And EpJleplici 


Part II. Of Cold Baths. 

gotten by FriRbts, arc very ftubbofn, and 
rarely admit of Cure ; or it' they do, upon the 
Icaft Fright or appearance of Danger, they 
arcapt to return. 

Young Children take lefs harm tlian Peo- 
ple more adult, bccaufe not fo apprehcnfible 
of Danger. 

That a fuddcn plunge into Cold Water has 
cur'd many yl^ues oiall forts, nothing is more 
knowiif becaufc very common; but the rea- 
fon why fomc have niifsM of a Cure, is as 
clear. For, cither firlUhcy go into ihe Bath, 
and do not wet their Heads, which is doing 
nothing; for if the cold and prelTurc be not 
made equally upon the wli()li>Body, the Spi- 
rits cannot be driven equally from the Cir- 
cumference to the Ccnter,fo have not Strength 
enough on their return, to force their way 
thro' the FafTagcs locli'd up and obftrurtcd, 
fuppos'd to the chief Caulc and Scat oi'A'utJ. 
Secondly, foinc go in cramM and fillM wicti 
Meat and Drinit, or not empty, andprepar'd 
by Faftiug or I'hyfick ; or elfe do not chufc 
the propercil Scafon for the Immcdion; as 
to go in three or four Hours, either before or 
after the t'li^ when alas! the only critical 
Minute is, as the Enemy h at the Door, juft 
uponthcapproachoftheiw, whcntheBlood - 
and Spirits llrugulc to enter the Gates, and 
force the obflruacd and block'i-up V'ij]''y,tif 
^which conHnc and hinder the genuine and due 
"""irculations and Secretions, &e. I 

I had a Patient, one 'Jobn Willittmsy that 
was a ftrongCounrry-man, who had folot^ 
Iatx)ur*d under a feverc f^t/trtaH^ that it had 
very much rcducMhim to a cacheftical inha- 
bit, and his Blood was poor, low, and fizy. 
He had been in the Cold Bath many times, 
but without any benefit. I advis'd him to 
invigorate his Blood with a Glafs of W'/Af, 
with fome Antifcorbutick Sfints, to eat whol- 
fome, frefli Foad^ new kill'd, keep raertjr 
Company, and after fome rime totrythc 
Cold Bath upon theacceffion of the Fit, juft 
to fubmerge, and fo out, which he punftuaD;? 
did, and receiv'd a pertert Cure upon the Ei- 

And now I have mentioned frefh Food 
new-biird, I'll here relate a fbort Story I 
had from that Ingenious Gentleman, Mr. 
"John Lamhn^ Son to the o!d General Lam- 
itrtf fo long a Prifoner in Pertde/inis CafWc, 
&c. This Mr. Lambert living at his Eftate in 
Craven in Tori-fhire^ one Morning his Mao 
told him he could fbew him where a Wood- 
code was hang'd in a Snare, and titat by the 
ruflingand ftruggling of the Bird he came to 
difcover it. He bid him take another Ser- 
vant with him, and watch privately who 
came to relieve it, whicli accoidioly thy did, 
and brought before liis Worfliip Che being Id 
the CommilTion of Peace) a very old Man^ of 
I florid, fanguioe Complexion. He ask'd the 

old Man where heliv'd? he anfwer'd, five 
Miles from that Place : He ask'd him, fince 
he had broke the Laws, and was taken in 
the adion of deftroying the G«we, whache 
bad to fay for himfelf, that he fhould not bo 
{GOttoT'arkGoal? he down on his Knees, and 
beggM him co pity his great Jge ; he ask'd 
him how old he was? he anfwer'd, a i&«»- 
dred wanting two. He ask'd him how he 
came to be fo hale^ and look Co well at that . 
Age? heanfwer'd, why, your Worfliip fees, 
by catching a ho/hp Bii, and eating it frcfh, 
■^d if I can, quotli he, I roall it or broil it, 
H|efore ic be cold, &c. And viponfarthertalk 
Iwith him^ he found that his Drink was, for 
the moft part, fowrc Milk, as Whey, Buc- 
tcr-Milk, or clfe Oatmeal and Water, but 
very rarely any ftrong Drink; and that his 
Bread was made ofUifr, and that he went 
thin CUii^ and generally was wet in his Feet, 
cither with the Oae^ or laying his Springes in 
Rsi/s of Water, and running lirooks. And 
that in the Summer-time, he lov'd Fifiiing, 
and much wading in the Water, &c. So the 
Toflice, upon his promife of amendment, let 
him go, tho\ faidMr. Lambert-, I believe he 
catch'd 'em as much to fell, as to cat ; for he 
had in his Bagg, a Hare, and two or three 
Wood-cocks more, which I fairly divided 
with my old Man, for I took half of the Fowl 
(e bad, and gave hitnthe relh Healfocolct 

36a Of UJ Baths, 


me, that lie bcliev'd lie fpoke true, astohirf 
not being us''d to Jlrong Drwk\ for I made 
my Man give him a Cup of ^/f, wiih a Htito 
Toaft in it, which was under a Pint, yet itf 
almoft fuddled him. ^ 

And as touching frefh and fiale Meats, i^ 
is very evident, that Meat new-kil]*d lias" 
twice the Nouriniment of lk!e Meats; fop 
Meat hung by, and not fajied, the volatile 
Spirits evaporate and fly oft", and tlje Juicof 
grow rancid, and contract a cadaverous iH 
Taft. I remember a Poulterer told Capt. 
WUksy and my felf, that he, in the great 
Froll in Jfim 168 j. that he fold Ducks for 
the Lord Mayors Tabic in Ftburary^ which 
were brouglit to him on the latter end of Wo*' 
vember, or beginning of Decewber^ the Wea- 
ther being cold and frofty, which prefcrv*d 
'em from linking, but not from putreraftion, 
for they were as rotten and asfoftasa Sir-.r-.' 
And a Gentleman and I once a coupleof 
very ftale Tea!, that tlirew us into great dif- 
order at our Stomachs, and notwirhflandia^ 
we took all precaution, as Wine, Brandy,' 
C^f . yet we were both render'd Feveril}i, with 
a corrupt taft in our Mouths, and much outf 
of order for fometime. And I am throughly 
perfuaded,that tlie ftale Flelh, Fowl and Fifli^ 
that poor People tat (^kept by tlie Retailers 
of fuch Wares,to hold up their Prices too longji 
is thecaufeofmoH: ofour Autumnal purred I 
Fevers, I 

rt 11. Of Cold Baths. ^6^ 

PcvcTs, which People miftakcnl/ lay upon 
thccating of Fruits, &e. And my Lord/ii- 
con'xw hisNatunil Hiftory, after his fpcak- 
ing of chofe wicked Merchants that fold at 
Naples Man's Flcfh barrcll'd up for Tunis^ 
Anno I49J- that the Pox might be iri that 
Flcfh perhaps; or clfc being eaten might 
fo corrupt the Blood ns (that with a little 
mixture of fomc other virulent Difcafc) 
might produce ic. And he adds, it was 
probably fo, becaiifcthe/^^Mfljat tins Day, 
the mortaDcft Foyjonf that they ufe, have 
fomc mixture of Man's Flefh, Blood or Fat; 
and all Flefh, when 'tis once taintdd and 
corrupt, is alike venomous and defVruftive 
to Human Nature: And we fee that car- 
nivorous Animals, both Beafts, Fowl and 
Fifhcs, choofc to fcize and eat their Prey 
alive, (ifthey canget it.) 'Tis Hunger only 
and necefTiiy inforces them to the eating of 
C«rri(JB, and other corrupt and flinking 
Meats, i^c. So thcfe Precautions may be of 
u(e, to make Men careful of what they Eat 
and Drink And fo again to our Element, 
Water, &c. A Gentleman of very good Re- 
putation afTur'd me, That a Tenant of his 
in iVales, havingbecnfor fomc Years Rheu- 
matick, and Lame, which made Iiim inca- 
pable of any Labour; hearing of a very 
cold Well fomc few Miles from him, was 
eany'd-toiCf where he bailed fomc time, 
B b and „ 


Of Cold Baths. POT 

and came home aspertciSly found, 2nd» 

{^ well as ever he was in his Ufe. 

Mr. Thamas Newtu^ham, oi' Cork in In 
daai^ a Gentleman of great Worth and Re , 

. putacion, being at the Rath with his Lady 
for her Health, thislaft Summer, and talk- 
ing of hot and cold Water Cures, he did 
^(uirc me, that a poor Man in the City of 
[ ]Cork^ was lb Lame, and had fo far loft his 
Limb-i. that he craul'd on his HxaAi and 
Kj>et:iy (I think he faid lor Tome Years). He 

fave me the particulars in Writing, but I 
ad the misfortune to lofc or millay it. Tfiat 
this poor Man was carried to a Well or 
Spring of excelTivc cold Water, dirtanr 
about itven or eight Miles from the City, 
and in fome few Weeks came honicrtraigtit 
and upright, and peri'eftiy recovered; and 
is now in that Town, a laborious working 
Fellow, and capable of doing any bufiQeS 
he is fct about, or imploy'd in. 

A Captain of a Ship told nic, that a 
Friend of his had a running Gout or Rhcu- 
matifm, and was fo Lame as to go with 
Crutches, without which help lie could noi 
ftironeflep; and coming (or rather bein 
brought) on board his Ship, to drink 
Bowl of Pn»i:/;, whilftthey were tiandt 
him up the fide, whether the Rope " 
or the Crutch dipt, he could not tcJI^ 
down went PilgArUck into the Htn, aod b&Vr- 

Partll. Of Cold Baths. 

ing Men and Boacs ready st hand, they 
catch'd hold of him ibon enough to fave his 
Life, tho' he was under Warcr ieveral times. 
They clapc Hands or Tackle enough to him, 
to hoifi him on Board, and having fhifted 
him from his wet Cioaths, and liquorM him 
well with Punch, he went home as well as 
ever he was in his Life. Now ^xrtntr, 
which did the Cure, the Frijjlit or the cold 
Water? for he could not Iwim a flroak. 
Now I am apt to think that this Cure was 
noc perform'd from the Fright only, for 
the Captain told me, that nocwith(^anding 
he was well feafon'd in Sea-brine, yet he 
was in another Pickle alio. 

Dining with a Merchant in the City, a 
young Gentlewoman ofC/jz/iv/tibeiug there 
alfo, told us at Table, that the Cold Bath, 
at once going in, had cur'd her of zfare 
Throaty which fhe had labour'd under (and 
found very troublefome for) ac lealt a Vear 
and half, and that it is fome time tmce, and 
that fhe continues very well. 

The Cold Bath has been fam'd for curing 
old and inveterate He^d'Sths ; yet Hcad-achs 
proceeding from fcveral Caufes, it cannot 
be good for them all: as in this following 
fhort Hillory, will be evinc'd and made 

A Gentlewoman o^ good Qpalicy, was 

affli6Vod with a periodical Hcad-auh,and flie 

Bb 3 was 

•366 Of Cold Baths, Pirtll 

was accuftomed to bleed. Upon the ap^ 
proach of the f"/?, (he in hopes of a perfKb 
Cure, was perfwadecJ (as a!fo from her ownj 
Inclinations) to try the Cold Bath, anj 
chofe a time to go in. In the intervals of ttw 
Paroxyfms fhe purgM once or twice, as pr&J 
paratory to it, but did not bleed. The Im-j 
merfion fhc bore very well, but coming 
home, fhe fell into a moft violent fit of ihi 
Head-ach, worfe than ever flie had; Qst 
ftnt for Dr. Cole, who very jud icioufly tooi< 
from her a quantity of Blood, which Ibmcg 
what abated the rage, but fhc could get n* 
Sleep. He piefcrib'd her a Farcgoricfc 
which quieted her a little, but Ifill file waj 
much out of order. Sometime after,- in* 
Day or two, he took another qiianriiy of 
Blood, upon which ilie was fomcwhat bct« 
ter, butlHUche I'ain hepc Poflellion. - Sha 
at length rcfolv'd lor ilie Hoi Baths^ where 
being arriv'd , Eiyoping, Bathing and Driok-f 
ing, reUev'd Stid cur'd her, and fhe bat 
continued well ever fince, < 

Another Gentlewoman's Maid-ServanC 
complained of a great Pain in her He»A^ ai 
heavinefs in her Eyes ; fhe could not bea| 
no hot Application, but was always woriei 
but by ivajbwg her Head fome few times 'n_ 
cold Water, was perfcftly cured. So cbal 
People fhould not, of their own Heads, gift- 
dily rufii into either Hoi or Ccid Baths, W 

mi. Of Cold Baths. 367 

advis'd by Tome judicloas thyfician, who' 
may confider ihe Nature andCaufes of the 
Diltempc, and put them into a right me- 
thod of proceeding; in order, and rationally 
to prefcribc fuch known and expericnc'd 
Medicines, from which they rcafonably 
may expcft a Cure. 

In Gfl«;jofalIforcs without confidering 
wliac ought to be done previous to a Cure,' 
People run fafqae deq; , Hand over Head, 
and fbraetimes headlong to their own De- 
JlruQion; tho' 1 have known when both 
lot and Cold Baths have wonderfully rc- 

;v'd in that cruciating Diltemper, when 

mpeftively , caucioufly, and wifely pre- 
fcribd. Butoftliis, my very learned Friend 
and Collegue the Judicious and Sagacious 
Dr. Mufgravej of the City of i'-xe/ey, in his 
raoft learned Piece De Jrthritide Symptoms- 
tiea\ has faJd of that Dillcmpcr all that can 
be fa id, and handl'd that pcevifti and fro- 
watd Difeaff^ with a QiB^ia proportion to 
itsTenderneii, where all the Caufesarefo 
accurately dcfcrib'd and accounted for, as 
tq find out the Seat and Source of that Baff^- 
i'er of our Profedion, the Clour. 

I always thought the Go«/, (before it was 
fxfy and became a concrete) to be a itqaa- 
min of acrid, alkalous, Uxivial, eroding SaltSy 

fenerated from Intemperance and higl^ 
ceding, &s. which is thrown or forc'd by 
B b J repleT 

568 Of Cold Baths. Par 

repletion into the Habit and flelhy Partvnil 
Aiding down thctender membranous CoaiSi 
of the Mufcles, there fret, and caufe great 
Pains as tliey pafs; but being come to their. 
Journeys end, at a Joi/it^ ftop there, whei 
thofe covrofivc, tartareous Salts exercifl 
their Tyranny^ until the aftive volatile ftrug* 
ling Matter is fpent, and leaves their inert 
Cidx^ their caput ?»oriaum behind, which 
are thofe Chalk Stones which gouty Peoph 
complain of, &c. Hut how Venery mould bi 
luggM in to be a Party concern'd, eithef 
inihe Caufe or Quarrel (with my Friend 
B^Z/f^'sheve)! can't underfiand; for among 
the Turks, &c. where they are moftly ener. 
rated by Women, they have no fuch thing 
as the Gout, VVi/ie being by tlieir Law for-* 
bidden, &t. So lay the load upon the right 
Horfc, and Saddle old Uacchui^s Back, astho 
chief Author and Contriver of this Joint- 
EvH^ and ask I'enm Pardon for laying a 
Drunken Brat at her l)oor, which Ihe ne- 
ver deferv'd for. 

And this it is, to be ill nam'd, 

When a poor Whore, is (wrongly) btamU, 

A GentUmati with a decay'd Stomach, a 
wan and pale Look, Ihggeriog under a load 
of nothing but Skin and Bone, his Cat-fltck- 
Icggs notbeingablc cofupport his CatWiker 
C.ArkAJs, From a ftrong young Man, as l»j 

I [Part 11. Of Cold Baibs. 369 
told rae. Wine, Women and Watching, had 
feduc'd him to a mecv Sie^eto^t^ and could 
not rwallow the le^ft Sufleriance without 
Vomitings and yet a little very ftrong 
wine wou'd ftay on liis Stomach, which 
jRc often fipr, and always cravM and honM 
ifter. f'di/o _divortio cum Cerercy eo nugU 
■i^ccbaiiidulft, S:c. , . . 
' He came to me to the Bath, with a Lfit- 
ter from his Phyfician Dr. Stotkham'. t 
found that he had no Cough nor Heliick 
Heat nor Loornefs, but a general waftc. 
Atrophy and Decay : He had a great Tre~ 
rwr^ which he told me was caufed from 
Snioakin|;coo much Tohxcca ; and I believe 
heguert rights as to the caufeof that Infir- 
mity» for it vitiates and deftroysone ofth« 
bcft Juices of the Body, the Saiiva, with' 
out which we could neither Uat, nor Drink, 
Concoft, nor Talk, g"c I fpealc as to the 
immodeitdeUfe of it; not but that it may 
be Medicinal, and is taken witli goodSuc- 
ccfs in many Cafes, &c. but old Men may 
take it with kfs Injury than young Men, 
notwithftanding they are dryer, for they 
fpit lefs, and are not lb eafily diforder'd by 
the Fu?Mj &CC. 

This young Gentleman's Cure was very 
cafic, for by the ufe of the Bath Waters, 
and leaving Witte by degrees, he came to 
his Stomach) hisFleflicameon, his Colour 
Bb 4 re- 

^ Of Cold Bath. Paf 

sturny, and in tea Weeks he was as well 
as ever ; but he often told me, that tho^ he 
lookM well, and was well, yet he had not 
that Strength he had berore ; He was not fo 
a^U and nimhU^ more prone to Sloth and 
Drowfinefs, bcHdes a decay in FirilUtj^ 
tho* he was a young Man not above 27 or 
|«38 Years of Age. Hence we may obiervc, 
what a Shock and Stuntl Men give their, 
ponftitutions by eariyWantftnnefs andDe*, 
h, according to the Poet, 

ris Drink and Lufi that does our Health 

I And brings the A/^a too foon upon the Boj, 
Repeated Bumpers, and repeated /'o*. 
Two fatal Earthquakes, that our Fabrick 
For when a Conftitutions broke and gone, 
'Tis rarely feen it ever does return. 

I found that this young Gentleman had 
a great defirc to be perfectly well, and re- 
cover his former Bilskncfs and Strength, 
that he might be able to hunt and ufe other 
Field-Pleaiures, to which end he promifcd' 
me to live ad amt4fjim, to any Method !] 
would direct him, which now muft be al- 
together Diateticks and Analepticks. 1 or* 
der'd him from the ufc of the Bath Waters^ 
drink a Pint every Morning of the Gefmi% 
"paw, and faft rill Nopn ^ at Noon to Ea^ 

no Flefh nor Fifh, but what was new leilPd, 
and alwajjs to rife with an Appetite, con- 
cluding his Dinner with a fmall Glafs of 
^Water, and at Night cat nothing but roaft- 
H|d or bak'd Apples, Apple- Pie, Flumme-- 
^», or the like, and to continue the SpaW. 
^HTater 16 or 20 Days, never exceeding a 
^Kint, and as he left thetn, to do it by de- 
^pecS) a^ from a Pint, to two thirds of 2 
^^nt, thence m half that quantity, finking' 
and abating the quantity, not every Day, 
but every three or four Days a little,' 
and take at ieaft ta or 14 Days or more, 
to leave them totally off! Fori havefeert' 
(bme fetal confequences enfue, upon leav- 
il^ any Courft, Cuftom or Method oF 
Living, whether good or bad, fuddenly at 
a Jerk ; for Nature is fo kind out of felf-pre- 
(ervation, as to widen or contraft, adapt, 
fit and modifiethe Strainers according to the 
Figure and Quality of the Aliment received, 
all which cannot be done in a moment. 
Hence 'tis, that a fmall quantity ofFood 
taken, to which we are eftrang'd anddif- 
us*d, fits, at firft, very uneafie on our Sto- 
machs, and confequently cannot be agreea- 
ble to all the reft of the Digeftions, Altera- 
tions and Precolations thro' which it mufV 
pafs, before it can be elaborated into a ge- 
nuine and laudable Nouri(hmenc.Hencethe 
fource oftnoft Difeafes: fotrueis that fay- 

372 Of Cold Baths, 

iag, Veatriculus mult affeBus efi origo onutium 
morkoram, &c.Thus having laid th« reafon of 
the tbiag before Inm,wi:b a full RefolutiOtt 
be went on,aiK) fell by degrees into the life of 
^illi Meats, ,aiid other cooling Viands of 
cbyliferous, fucculcnt and c^ood Nouriflir: 
Item:. He ufcd Hxercife oTall forts, but 
cfpccially Riding and Swimming, which lall 
did lb invigorate his ConlHtution, that he 
came, ina Yearortwo, toafirmer, lirong- 
cr and better habit of Body than ever he 
bad. before; all which argue^ tlut he waa 
Born with a good Siamea^ and had his Be* 
ing from found Parents : And iho* this Gen* 
tleinaii had ttie good luck to get fuch a reco- 
very, after bcingdiawn fo low by repeated 
Debaudicries, yoc it isnot to be depended 
upOflf for not one of forty may have the for- 
tune to cfcape as he did. The Gentlcmaa 
is yet living, and is become a Pious Good 
Mao, sikI a Member of this prefenc Parlia- 
ment It isaneafic niattcr, by a conlhat 
and regular perfcvcrance, in any whoKbmc 
fUetttiek Courf^', to rcftificand ffraightena 
jvrMp^d and ^mi Conftitutioni but how to 
mend and icdiicc ^ i/roLen qhHj \%hieldor^ 
hae oftis. How many youngGe/Jiieaiea have 
I (fimwn in my time, that their Aj«/ihas 
rita to the end of the lippe, before they have 
numbcr'd ^o Vear&j betwixt the C'r<ti/f and 
the Grtve? &<:. and generally their Life, 

uredicand Eftate terminate together, which 
is the beft end a prudent Dda/icfjee can pro- 
pofe, to make his Bread and Cheefe even, 
fiutfora Brainlefs, Unthinking Animal to 
'outlive his Subftance, and become the Jeft 
' od Contempt (not only of Mankind inge- 
u-al, but even) of thofc Land Leviathaas 
at have fwallow'd him up alive, his own 
[Chores, Pimps and Bawds, &c. This fo 
fticks the tatter'd Beau to ths Hearty if the 
Ftv/hasany, as to get rid of his neceiHty, 
'« flies totheiall Comfortofa Shirtlefs and 
hifdefs Defpcrado, viz. a Bounce a jOo/p, 
r a Hdter. 

From whence he's thrown into a hole, 
*TiIl kind Oblivion forgets th'Fool. 

One of thcfe unhappy Wretches fwol'a 
with the Dropfy ^jcites , came to mc 
for my advice. I pitying his Penny-lefs 
Coiidition, gave him a Note to Mr. Baynes 
of the Cold Bath, to let him Bathe ^riirw; 
but having the conveniency of a Barge or 

Koy, he went to the Salt- Water, and by 
Cen bathing in the Sea, he was recovered : 
d I am finceinformM by one of hisFriends, 
that he did not only Bath in the Sea, but 
that he drank the Salt- Water alfo; and 
tellioEof this Cafe toMt. MexAnder Ens- 
/{f^iChirurgeon to a Regiment of Horfe,Bc 
told lUetliat lie had known feveral cur*d by 

g 74 Of Cold Bath . Part II. 

dririkihg of Salt- Water, even without ba- 

Mrs. Sadler y3. Gentlewoman lately living 
in St. John^Streetf London^ went into the 
Cdd Bath for wandring Rheumatick Pains, 
which Pains the bathing did not only take 
off, but cured her of a Deafnefs alfo, that 
fhehad for fome Years, and (he continues 
Very well, it being near two Years fincb 
flic ufed the Bath. 

' A' Gentleman extreamly Fat, was fovery 
droiifii, thAtfometimes he would fall a-fleep 
fitting at Meat, &c. He had long laboured 
under that inconveniency, but by jir inking 
Spirit ofSulphur in Spring- Water, and ufing 
the Cold Bath, he was perfectly cured ; but 
he; told me, that upon eating a full Mc^I, 
it <ir4s apt to return. 

My learned Friend, Mr. Arch deacon P. 
laboured under the fame Diftemper, but 
by bathing in the Cold Bath, and the Sum- 
mer after drinking the* Bath- Waters, he 
was very well recovered : but I had lately 
a Letter from him, wherein he defir'd my 
advice, by way of prevention, for he had 
foihp previous Symptoms which made him 
fear a return. 

A Divine of my acquaintance, verygrols 
and fat, yet a very temperate, fober" Man, 
was cured of fuch a droufinefs, by ftamp^ 
ing Barberries, and drinking the Juice in 


rtll. OfCddBath. 


fpring-'Water : yea,was imt only cured of his 
Veturnicy, but it rook off much of Ins fuper- 
Juous Fat alfo. I believe not only Barber- 
ties, but Verjuice, Oranges, Lemons, Sor- 
yel, orany vegetative Acid, whereitcould 
jbe drank in quantity, without bringing up- 
on them the j^rdor veatncali^ corruptly 
ijaird the Heart-burning, would all, or 
any of them, do the fame thing. 

A Gentleman, living near Tiverton in 
pevoffjbire, told me, that he had labour'd 
under a great Cold for fbme Months, for 
jthich he had wrap'd himfelf in Flannel, 
|ind other Woollen Vcftments, which had 
fo weakened him by perpetual Sweating, 
jhat he had no Stomach to eat,and when he 
did eat, it would not dlgeft ; and befides his 
jnany Cloaths, he wore a quilted Stoma- 
cher j but by the advice of a Friend he left 
Jhem all off" at once, and went into cold 
^ater half a fcore times, and has been 
ever fince very well. 

Sir Joha Chichley told me, that he thought 
hehad(when a young Man)aConfumption, 
for which his Father fent him to Mompdter -, 
when he came there, the Phyfician whom 
'^ le confulted, found that he had no Cough, 
^ lUt that his Diftemper proceeded from a 
^eaknefs induc'd by the aperture of the 

ores, from the wearing too many thick 

" warm Cloaths. He knt for his Taylor, 


who made him a thin flefy Coat of Sarfe- 
net, or fomething as thin; With this I 
rode, quoth he, the cold Hills every Morn- 
ing, before Sun-rife, when the Dew was 
on the Ground, for fome time ; and home 
I came fhivering, and half ftarvM. He 
would not let me come at a Fire, but 
walk my felf warm. This fevere courfc 
at firfl-, feem'd very irkfome to one ufed 
to all the delicacies and foftnefies ofa tender 
Mothers breeding; but Cuftom whkh 
makes every thing eafie and familiar, re- 
concil'd me to it ; and I came home with a 
keen Appetite, a healthful ftrong Body, be- 
yond all the expeflation of Relations and 

A young Gentleman that is very often 
at the Hot Baths for his diverfion, and the 
benefit of drinking the Waters there, uled 
to go very thick Clad. I met him this 
Winter walking in a very cold Day, bare- 
breafted, with nothing on, but a thin HoU 
land Shirt, and one fingle drugget Coat. I 
wondred at it, and ask'd him the reafon of 
that fuddcn change? he told me that he 
went into the Cold Bath two or three times 
with a Friend, out ofa FroHck, and that it 
had fo hardned him, that he felt very little 
or no Cold. I could give many Inftances 
of Cafes like thefe, bat a few Examples 
may Hiffice. 


Of Cold Baths. 377 

Mr. Roafe Apthecary, tlie prefent Maf- 
:erof Ins Company, told me of a Patient 
if his, a Youth that had loft the ufcof his 
^^imbs by a fort ofa CfMreAfa^Bi Fiti(ca\Vd 
iaint /'^/fail's Jigg^ tliat after the Advice of 
leveral Phyficians, and feveral Methods, 
E^c. was at laft perfeftly recovered by the 
fble ufe of the Cold Bath. I think he told 

le it was a Salter's Son in Tiiamei-fireetj 

A Woman brought a Child about feven 
years of Age, which could fpeak hut very 

Irawlingly through weaknefs of therecur- 

ent Nerves and Mufcles of the Tongue, 
but could not (land unlefs held up by the 
Arms, havin^g no ftrength in either her 
Jlips, Knees or Ankles; this Child was 
jnuch injur'd by Oyntments, Oyls, and 
Other fuch Things, that had foftn'd aod re- 
3axM the Joints; I bid the poor Woman, 
jvho liv'd near Mr. Chan/fnefs of Orchadly 
in Simerfetfljire, to get of his Servarits a lit- 

]e Verjuice, and rub the Childs Ltmbs 
^ vith it cold twice a day ; which fhe did, 
jind found fome benefit by it, but not much ; 
^hen I advis'd the Cold Bath, and by the 
.help of that (he was perfeftly cured in five 

or fix weeks time. 

Another Child, much about the fam^ 
:Age in a Paralyfis, was cured in St. iW(j«- 
4*>*s Well by immerging 4 or 5 times in a 

578 Of Cold Bath. Par? 

day for 7 or 8 days fucceflively; the Fa- 
liier of the Child gave me this Relation. 

'Tis endlefs to recite the great Cures 

»hich have b^en done on People of all 

&ges and Sexes, where the Cnufe has been 

iifcovered to proceed from Nerval Obftru* 

Sions, Relaxations, c^c. perform'dby Cold 

lathing, where 'tis done with Care and 

^Eaution: and I Iiavc always obferv'd, that 

"thofe arc cur'd fooneft who have not been 

itamper'd with by Emplafters, hot Oyls, &c. 

for thofe things do great I njury to the fmatl 

and capillary Nerval Filaments, and of the 

cutaneous Glands, &c. 

To T)r. Edward Baynard. 

^ S I R 

J_ '' I "^Hougli it is eafy to collecb many lo- 

* J_ llances tiiat prove the ufefulnefs 
,* ot Cold Bathing; yet (i nee you apprc- 
' hend the following Cafe of Mrs, Comag- 

* hum to cantain in it fomething unconl- 

* mon, I have, in comphance with your 
' Requeft, fen: you as particular an Ae- 

* count thereof, as after fo long a diftaace 

* of time I am able to recover. 

' This Gentlewoman at firil only com- 

* plain'd of a ficknefs in her Stomach after 
' eating ; but in a tew iMonths this incrcaf- 

* ed CO chat degree, that as ibon as ever Che 

* had earen fhe immediately fainted away, 
' was in cold Sweats, and loft the ufe of 

* her Limbs: thefe Symptoms ufually coti- 

* tinned two or three houi's, tand then gra* 

* dually abated. 

* But after three or four Months, though 

* her Sicknefs and Paintings went off, yet 

* the ufe of her Limbs did not return as at 

* firft: She confulted fevcral Phyficians in 

* JreUad^ who directed her Vomits, Bltf- 

* ters, Steel courfes and Bitters: But fhe 

* received no Benefit by any of thefe. Up- 

* on which fhe was brought to Bith^ and 

* drank thofe Waters fix Months, and Ba- 

* thcd every third day i but was no better 
' by either. She was brought from Bath 
' to London^ and here coniulted Dr. Cole 
' and me. We perfuaded her to try the 
' Cold Bath. Alter fhe had continued the 
' ufe of this for two Months, her Sicknefs 

* was Icfs, and the ufe of her Limbs in a 

* great meafure rcftor'd ; upon which we 

* fenther to7«»ir/(i^e ; (he continued the 

* ufe of thofe Waters and Cold Bathing for 

* fix Months, and afterwards returned fo 
' fo well that (he could walk about the 

* Streets with hglp of her SiatT. 

Tour humble ServaaT, 

F. Upton. 


Of Cold Baths. Pai 

About three Years fince, a Man ajged 
about 50, a free liver, and by Trade a 
■""Wigg-maker, a merry Man, and would 
! jeft upon his own Infirmities (which was a 
tPjtrdfpJjs with a Tremor) for being ask'd 
[what made his HanJs and Arms hang fo 
lank? he anfwer'dwiih Simile's out ot'his 
own Trade, 1 had (quoth he) once a ftron( 
and curiM Conftitotion, till Claret comb'i 
it out of its Buckle : And being ask'd whv 
hedid not live regularly, and take AdviceT 
he anfwer'd, I now grow old, and tiVt 
worth while, and will e'en let my Body 
wear out its own felfits own way: Ai^ 
old Wigg, new bak'd , turns but red, 
and weais the worfe tor'r, &c. And yec, 
this Fellow by only drinking the Watery 
hot trom the Fump in a Morning, and tak^ 
ing a fmall Glafsof Elecampain Wine ^ 
httie before Dinner, rccover'd his Stomacl^ 
ftrangcly in a little time, and began to fin^ 
Strength in his Limbs; and had he beei^ 
rul'd to have ufed the temperate wannf 
Baths firit, and the cold Bath afterwards, 
1 doubted not but to have recovered hitHj 
He went from the B^f/j into hisownCouOi, 
try, Lixcoi/jjhire, and 1 beard fince, that 
with drinking of Ale, &(. he fell into a 
Dropfie, but whether he is dead or not, I' 
can't fay. I have often obferv'd, that Wine* 
I drinkers falling to drinking Male Liquon^' 

OfCdd Baths. 


frequently Aide into Dropfies; and Aic- 
drinkers removing to Wine, (bon tall into' 
Jaundice, Stone and Gour, and fo quickly 
go off: And the Livers of fuch People 
(^whcn open'd) are generally found to bo 
hardt fbddcn, difcolour'd, and the Stones 
for the molt part In the vtfuuUfcllu, andi 
ibmetimcs in the parenchymow Subrtanceof 
the Liver it fcif, cfpecially if they arc fip- 
pcrs of Brandy and fpirituous diftiU'd Li- 

Sometimes wc have obfcrv'd, that the 
Liver is perfcftly rotten, and will break 
with touching In others, 'tis quite burnt 
up, and friable. In others, their Liver's 
pretty well in its natural State; but in fuch, 
I haveobferv'd, that their Heart is foftand 
white, and not much big^ci' than a Tarky 
Egg; and where that is (ecn, ufually the 
Perieariiium is alfo (hruiik and little, with 
very little or no Water in it, and fome- 
rime again cxtrcamly large and full of Wa- 
ter, oUnillTaft-ancl Colour. I very well 
remember that when I was at Ltyden^ the 
learned Dr. Qrev , and Dr. 'Johnfion of 
WArmcky were there alfo, and that both 
T)r. Fmncifcm de U Uoe tijlvita, and that 
moft accurate Anatomilt Dr. Dnthicurtius^ 
by a conftant, and frequent Practice in Dif- 
fcftions (for bcfidcs other private Bodies 
they open'd moftthat dy'd in the Hofpitals ;) 
■" Cc a I 


i%7 Of Cold Baths'' Pari 

I fay, that thefe Men, from many Obfcr- 
vationsin morbid Bodies, could (before the 
Knife was laid upon the defunft) tell whap 
a foul Neft of Boxes they fhould find with-" 
: And I have heard Sylvius frequf.ntly 
/ upon viewing the Corps, and only look- 
Ifog into the Moutli, 

t^ino & fumo nimis deMtaSy vim defancim. 

^ fumusy he meant Tabaco, to which he 
vasa mortal Enemy ; and I heard him fay, 
ihatconfidering the Slobber and Naftinefi 
that great Smoakers make in a Room, (hoj 
was of Opinion) that had Tabaco beea 
taken in the primitive Timesof Chriftlani- 
ty, it woud have been reckon'd among tbi 
Sins of Uncleannefs, &c. 

ThiscurfedCuftom of Tabaco-taking is^ 
but a foreign Invention at the bell, a bor- 
row'd Excellency, intimated from a rtupid 
/Wmw, who, ignorant of tlieufe of Mer- 
cury, us'd it as a Salivation for the Taivi^ a; 
fort of Leprofieor Pox among 'em. And. 
now another nafty fnuffling Invention iS: 
lately fet on Foot, which is Snuff-taking^ 
which hangs on their Noftrils, &c. as if it 
were the Excrements of Maggots tumbl'd 
from the Head thro' the Nofe; nay, thisi 
Folly is fo taking among us, fo fpreadiog a 
Contagion, that even Women and CM- 
drennow begin to have their Snuif-Boitft 

A'Gemle- j,*' 

too, and to fpeak without fnuffling is hardly 

I have read fomewhere, I think 'tis in 
Sir '^ohn Churdms Travels, that there is a 
Kingdom in the Eaft-Indies call'd UotaK^ 
where the Subjefts hold their Prince in fuch 
efteem and reverence, that they dry and 
powder his Excrements, and ufe it as a 
great Rarity to ftrcw on Meats, or garnifh 
Difhes with, as wc do ours with grated 
Bread or Nutmeg, &c. And I vow Gentle- 
men^ pray pardon me, I never fee a " "* ^ 
box in a Man's Hand, but I think 
BoianU». 1 he Nofe isof great \/fh to the 
Animal to difchargemanyExcrenfents both 
from the Eyes and Head, &e. abd when 
that Organ is ftopt, and the ferffible ner- 
vous chin Lining of it is by th^j^-ufe of 
pungent Powders made dull ^HHhder*^ 
incapable of irritation, it can nnfE its Of- 
fice by difchargingthofe phlegmy cold Ex- 
crements neccffdry to be extruded for tho 
Safety, Health and Well- being of the Crea- 
ture. So true is that Saying of 5o/o?woff, 
God hat made Mao upri^ht^ but he has found 
out mmy Inventions, &c. 

One Captain CUJf that usM the Gainex 
Trade, but fince gone to IndU^ I am in- 
form*d by a Friend of his, Mr. Brorvn a 
Wine-cooper, that he was pqyfon'd there, 
And loll: the ufe of his Limbs,fo that he could 
Cc 3 not 

not feed himfclf, yet by the ufe of the hot 
Baths, and drinking the Waters there for 
feme time, was perfe£lly recovered to bis 

One Mr. 1,4;;?. troubled with a Tremor 
and Gefticulations much like a Chorea, af-' 
ter the ufe of the hot Bath was by the Cold 
Bath perfe£tly recovered. 

Note^ That Dr. Gou/iCs Son-in-Law , 
mention'd in the laft Impreffion of this 
Book, before he ufed the Cold Bath wasfe- 
veral times in the Hot Baths,which prepar'd 
him for a Cure ; fo that in many places the 
ufe of contrary Qualities has perform'd very 
confiderable Cures, &c. which (perhaps) 
no one Bath fingly could have done. 

TAowrff M(?/} a Quaker, who came from 
Jamaica^ was fo infirm by a Rheumatifm, 
Arthritis vagA, &c- that he was wrapt like 
an old ^fen in Flannels, o~f. but being per- 
fwaded to the ufe of the Cold Bath, threw 
off all his Sweltering Harnefs, and in tliree 
or four times Bathing was cur'd. 

One Mr. H^dh^ of an ill habit from an 
irregular Life came to tlie Bath about four 
Years fince ; he coniplainV! in the right Hj- 
fochoi'/dria and Region of the Liver, and had 
a great induration there; yet this Man by 
Drinking,Furgingand Bathing,got a perfea 
Cure: But before he came to tljeiJii:/' hehacl 
been in ill Hands, and wrong manag'd with, 
Clialibeats too foon adminiiTer*d. I 

. I knew a Fhyfician that had a fcver6 
Jaundice, with ajcirrbus Mepatts, who was 
cur'd by the Bath Waters, and by much eat* 
ing Sailet wife, the Herb far.ixicon only. 

This laft Summer, Madam / hi(letkvajte, 
a Daughter of Mr. Thiflethwayte^ of Winter- 
Jloe, near Strum^ Wilts, received a great 
Cure by the Bath Waters join'd with ibmc 
other Aperitives, in as high a Jaundice as 
ever was feen, which had long feizM her, 
and fhe a very lean, emaciated, worn-outj 
Weak Woman. And in this Cafe, and alfo 
moft Difcafes of the Liver, I think the 
Bath Waters the bert Specifick in the World, 
if taken feafonably, with due Preparatives, 
and Advice, &c. 

InallSprainsandWrenchesof the Joints 
and Tendons, the prefent application of 
cold Water, or Verjuice and Water, or 
Verjuice alone, is the belt Remedy yet 
known. A Gentleman of Quality having 
ftrain'd his Ankle by a falfcftej) down Stairs, 
went lame and flip-fhooM for at leaft a 
Year and half; he came iokUq Bath and 
us'dthedry Pump much, and often, buc 
Re t»feiiit. He was afterwards cured by 
keeping his Bed a Month, and the ap- 
plication of cold Verjuice three or four times 
in a Day, and afterwards a ftrengthning 
Plaifter, &c. And Sprains ill manag'd, have 
been the lofs of many a Man^s X^gg, and 
C c 4 Life 

Of Cold Baths. Pai 

Life too; I have heard many of the Hof- 
pitalChirurgeons fay, that they have cut 
ofF many a Legg from no other Caufe bur 
from a Sprain in the beginning, tued, halM 
and wrerted by ignorant Bone-fetters, pre- 
tending it was diflocated and out of Joint, 

High Heels ufually are the caufe of moft 
Strains, either in the Ankle, or Knee, &c, 
for no Man treads ftralght and perpendicu- 
lar with a Heel, nor can he wall< far with- 
out wearinefs, efpccially in the fO'ees and 
yWo/c/trjof the Thif^hs, from the III figure 
the Limb is in upon every Step ; fo that no 
Man with a high heel can tread ftroog and 
boldly, efpecially with the leaft weight and 
burthen on him. Should a Chair-man that 
ufes Pumps, bur one Day wear a Hffl but 
an Inch high, and work fo, it would Lame 
and Cripple him for a Month. For in Man, 
upon his progieflion, the Heel cumes firit 
to Ground, but in Horjes and moft Quadru- 
peds, the Toe ; and if the Heel be high he 
cannot ftcp with the whole Limb ftraight! 
Ifor the Knee bending forwards, verges to- 
wards making an yingU, as may be feen by 
making a ftrai^ht Line from the Heel and) 
Mi^, he. and mfuch an unnatural Pofturej 
no Man can walk far and long, without 
Pain and Wearloefs ; but wemulV be wjfci^ 
(forfoQth) than our M.ther: For infinitft' 

Wifdom that has made all things by a right 
and unerring Rule, by Weight, Meafurc 
and Number, furely would have fed a high 
Heel to Man at firft, when he made him, 
if he had thought ic to have been necef- 
fary, &e. 

And one thing more I add, asaraoftne- 
ccflary Remark, viz. That no Man ever 
fprain'd his Ankle, and rarely his Knee, that 
never wore a Heel higher than the natural 
Plan of the Foot ; neither have they Corns 
under the Foot, nor on the Toes, without 
the Shoe be tooftrait; I could wifh our 
Soldiers and others, who travail much on 
Foot would but confider, the great Benefit 
that they would receive in a long March by 
wearing Shoes of a low and equal PUn-^am 
fucli Soles as would bend and yield to the 
Foot,fjcIi astlie/r//Z' and icWf/'Highlandcrs 
wear,withouc any/J«/at alljandefpecially, 
if they areub'd rofuch Shoes from their In- 
fancy: FortheTewrfo^ then would not be 
conira£led,as they arc in luch as wear H«/j, 
who cannot, thro' the ftiffnefs and contra- 
fiion cf the Tendons^ walk far without 
//rf/j, but arc cramp't in their Hocks and 
Hdtas^ akings and pains in their /(/ffw, Sec. 
Nay, and altlio' they are accuftom'd to 
high Heels, they cannot walk far or faft, 
but are foon m-try and //rV, whilft the 
-ether treads Hat and firm, and arc not funk 

588 Of Cold Baths. Part 11. 

or fpent^ even in long Journies, nor ftiff 
or diibrderM the next Day, &c. Men for 
want of a little Knowledge in the true Stru* 
dure of a Limh^ and of the Mathematical 
confideration of the make of the Thigh, 
Leg and Foot, edeem this a light Thing, 
and laugh at it as a Jed: perhaps, but the 
tryal of a hard Days Journy, will foon 
demonftrate who is in the right, &c. And 
it has been very often obfervM that after a 
long Foot-journey, to wa(h the Feet, Legs, 
Knees and Thighs, &c. with cold Water, 
has wonderfully abated and taken off Wea- 
rinefs, and difpos'd 'em the better to Reft 
and Sleep, &c. 

Naturam Difce fequi. 

Vtt-erriftg Nature leArn to foBow clofe^ 
F<!?r quantum fufficit is herjuft Dofe ; 
Suflicient clogs n^ Wheels y and tires no Horfe^ 
Yet briskly drives the Blood Around the Courfe\ 
And hourly adds unto its rvafts^ fupflies 
In due proportion to jvhat^s fpent and dies. 
Whilft furfeting corrupts the Purple Gore^ 
And bankrupts Nature of her longMiJ^dJlofe: 
And thus the Soul is from the E^y tore 
Before its time.^ ■ 

Whichy ^j^ 4 temperate Liry>, inselednCelly 
Might full a hundred Tears withCamfart dweS^ 
And drop^ivhen ripc,4/ Nuts do flip the ShcD,5| 

Of Cold Baths. 

A Gentleman contrafting a complicati- 
on ofA^wo-i'pwt^'f/Direafes, which he plea- 
fantly call'd Twffts^ asalfo finding a fcnti- 
ble weaknefs and wafte in his Ef^atej re- 
foi v*d to turn ovei" a new Leaf and become 
a Wife Man: in order whereuntohe put 
his Eftatc into the Hands of a prudent Ma- 
nager, and himfelf into a CourfeofPA;- 
Tfcje, rather Dietetic than otherwife. He 
firfl: btgan with the Purging Waters, with 
fome fraall Shop-Catharticks to quicken 
them (lor he could drink no great quanti- 
ties of any thing but Wine, &'.) After 
due evacuations, he cook the Wood-drinks, 
with fome Anti-icorbutick DropSj &e. from 
thence he went to the Hot Bathsy bathM 
there in the temperate Baths, and drank 
the Waters moderately for the fpace of 8 
or lo Weeks; us'd Exercife much, efpeci- 
ally Riding and Bowling : he drank Wine 
very fparingly, and cxil'd himfelf from 
Women quite, (having no Wife); from 
thence he came to the Cold Eathsy to har- 
den and confirm his Conftitution^ perfe- 
ver'd in this good Refolution, and recovered 
both his Health and EftAte^ then not being 
above forty Years of Age. But before he 
went into his own Country, he writ a D(- 
fiteh or two over that Tivtrn Door where 
heufed to entertain his Mijlrejfes. I hear 
c^ he is lince married^ and has two or 
^■■i three . 

590 Of Cold Baths. PI 

three healthful and lufty Children. His 
Verfes were, viz. 
Before a Tavern ever jhAll confound me^ 7 
Or painted Harlot in her Arms impound me^ > 
A Fever burn wp, or n Dropfie Around me. j 
Thut cuffed Trade I followed too longy 
But now Vll (iop before mj ALL « gone ^ 
By this Refolve jb-tl! Health and Many fave^ 
Andcar* no patched up Poxes to the Grave. 

A Gentleman in a Dyfpncea, and grea? 
difficulty of Breathing, went into the Cold 
Bath Ibveral times, but with no great fuc-" 
cefs ; he went to the Hot Baths, and there' 
drank the Waters, and by the ufe of thofe' 
Waters grev/ worfe. I foon found the* 
Caufe, for he would di'ink two or three 
Quarts or m6re in a Morning, befides what" 
he drank at Meals, and all the Day after. 
I reduced him to the drinking of a Ptntonly* 
with fome drops of the fweec Spirit of Ni-] 
ter, and he foon recover'd; for before he_ 
had over loaded his Blood with Waietj! 
which made his rcfpiration difficult, ana 
his Lungs lifted heavy, and I much 
wondred that he did not fall into a Dropfie, 
or had a difcharge by a Metsjlafis into his 
Head; which misfortune fome have havcfel- 
len into, through drinking too long and too 
large quantities, efpecially if they batbe 
with too much Water in cheir Bodies, for 

r-,yu all 

all Heat and Sweat diminiflies Urine, and 
hinders the due Secretions by which the 
Blood fhould be difcharg'd and deliverM 
of its load, &c. 

One Mr, Andreivfoit a North Country 
Gentleman, told me he was cured about 
ten Years fince, of a great difficulty of Brea- 
thing, by theufingof theCold Bath atHi?- 
Iji Weli^ and drinking good (tore of Liquo- 
rifli Poffet-drink with Fennel-water. Qux' 
ritur^ which did the Cure, the Saint orthe 
Medicine? I believe St. Liquorilh and St. 
Fennel-feed did him more fervice there,than 
St. WtmJrU and all her Crown-fliavea 
Chaplains, &c. 

And now I am gotten into a Northern 
Story, I muft tell one fad one moreofa 
very worthy honeft Gentleman of Lama' 
/bircj fome Years fince, whofe lofs was ve- 
ry much lamented ; he being then in Loa- 
<w», fell into a Diarrhcea^ which was long, 
and very fharp upon him; Mr. i^iercem. 
Drury-Um was his Apothecary, and I was 
his Phyfician. 1 ufed all the VJualia, but 
with little A'uccefs; at length I gave him 
the G4S Sulphuris, with fome few Drops 
oif&e. with it, (not Z.4»{^4niym I faithfully 
declare) which Itop'd the Flux and comfort- 
d his Bowels, and the Excrements began 
) be hard and figurM ; and without a fi- 

392 Of Cold Baths. Pa! 

gurM Excrement no Man is right inHealtfi, 
tho' Ale-drinkers are generally looft and 
foluble, but that proceeds from the new- 
nefs and fmoothnefs of iliofe oily Liquors 
which they take in too great a quantity /^c. 
But to my Story. The Setters (and per- 
haps the Sharers) of Dr. CaftAnCs-SXiVtW 
Profits perfuaded him ( much againft his 
Mind) to fend for this Pul^-pdtedViW-mon- 
ger; in came CrMw and £^g/ with his ufu- 
al Changling's grin (for then the RtiiMbtm 
was not fo hard of acceffion as he is now:) 
He firft purg'd him, then at him with his 
(^Poft-pharmacou) Afles Milk,which fmooth- 
ed his Bowels,and made the Acids lofc their 
hold ; down came his DUrrh^a again, then 
he was at his Wits end (and that no far- 
Journey. ) Lord ! Mr. Peirce, quoth he, 
what fhall we do? what was it DcBuyaurd 
gave him ? The Gas Sulpharis, reply'd he. 
G«, quoth the Dodor, what the Devil is 
that? What is it, a Solid, or a Liquid? a 
Liquid, quozhMr. Pierce; Ipray givchJm 
fome of that G^ then. I have none, quoth 
he, the Do3:or brought it himfclf ; fend for 
fome of it, quoth he, by a fliam Name, &i. 
Ay, quoth he, but the DoQor told me that 
he had no more of it (by him) made. 
Whatfhall wedothen, quothhc? I know 
not, quQth t*other. In inort being thus ill 
creMed, he applying to the Fever, (which 

was only 

Of Cold Baths. 393 

vas only Symptomatlcal) by Bleeding, 
Cupping, &c. not knowing the Caufe (at 
leaft-wife, not what to check or take it off 
with) fo that in a few Days the poor Gen- 
tleman fquirted out his Soul, and then this 
Phyfick Ananioi look'd like a Dog that had 
loft his Stones ; for an impudent Fellow out 
Kof Countenance makes a rueful Figure. 
K The misfortune of this Gentleman, who 
^Rvas well belov'd,was the talk of theXown ; 
Kuid I have been oftentimes fmce much 
Krex'd that I did not Print the Cafe, with all 
his lorry P refer ipt ions : But, as our Pre)?- 
dent faid to Mr. Fierce when he heard that 
he had given him AlTcs Milk, JUs I poor 

PJM*/;, quoth he, he can give no other Milk 
*«r AdcsMilk. 
I could fay much more on this Cafe to 
the Shame (if he canbeafham'd) of this 
forry Medicafter, but that it is but pouring 
^Water on a drown'd Moufe, for he is pelt- 
B^ by every Paltry Profcr, and is the very 
spiffing Poft of the Poets; for not a Cur 
in the Country, nor a Dog of a Dogrihft in 
Town, but holds up his Leg and has one 
"quirt at him as he paflcs by. 


This Story an Apothecary, now 
fiiad from Mr. fierce's own Mouth , 
s was his Mafter with whom he ferv'd his 


594 Of Ud Baths. Pi 

One thing more I muft add, that Mr. 
Holmes^ late Apothecary to the Chsrttr- 
boufe, told me that he having from his lona 
Praflice and Obfervation from Phyficians 
Bills, collefted and form'd a very Ingenu- 
ous fort of a Difpenfarory, by coIIcSing 
Ibme curious and chotceForms of compoun-^ 
ding Medicines, which he defign'd to havi 
Pubhfh'd by way of Appendix to Dr.B«fw's 
Difpenfatory ; in order whereunco, he dtf^ 
firM the confcnt of the Fellows of the Col- 
lege for the Members to perufe and approve^ 
it, the Prefident firft beginning by (etting 
his Hand to ir, &c. which moli of the FeR 
lows did in order, according to their Seni- 
ority ; at laft he came to liati-ham's Houfe, 
wlio was but a young Skull-flinger then, a 
Cub- Cockatrice, and juft crept out of his 
Toad-hole in Mattorr-Ha!/. He received 
him with a cock't HaughtinefSjin proporti- 
on to his bafe and elemofinary Breeding; 
the other fubmilfively accofted his Worfliip 
with low Bows, maltifq; cringibits^ SiC- and 
fhewM him his Errand he came about. The 
firft thing he He upon was an Jpentive Sj- 
rup, wherein was tlie Herb Borrjs. Botrys, 
quoth Fool-enough^ what's that ? Why, 
quoth Mr. Holmes^ 'tis Oak of JeruftleM, 
Jerufalemy quoth he, why can't E»gli^ 
Oak ferve the tura ? By no means, reply'd 
Holmes, 'tis of a quite contrary Virtue and 

operation. Evgli/h Oak is aStiptickand 
Reftringent. Stiff-ftick and Refting-joint, 
what's that. Sir? Quoth he, I will prove 
out of the Accidence of LiUyh-grnmnurj 
that Ertglifh Oak is a better Perioral than 
yotir Jert/faiem Butter-box, as you call it. 
How fo, qaoth Holmes f How fo, quoth 
the Doftor, what think you o^ Peiiora per- 
eufftt, Pe£iusqno<j\RohorA jiuat? And thb 
Devil's in't if Oak upon Oak, as you fee' 
in the Verfc, ben't a Peroral, when th^ 
whole Breaft was turnM into Wainfcot. 
Sir, had you this out of the Accidence, 
quoth Holmes ? Yes 1 had, faid Arfenick. 
Why then, faid Holmes, farewel Accidence, 
but ecce Dunce. This Story Mv. Holmes 
has told to a hundred People about Town. 
jQ»» capit ille ficit. i ' ' 

The greateft Cures that I ever have done' 
in my Life-time, (and I thank God I have 
had as good luck as my Neighbours) I hav^ 
done by Simples. 

I know a certain Plant in the World In- 
fusMlong, whole atM unbroken, in warm 
Bath- Water, and that Water pour'd oii 
more of the fame Plant until the Water is 
tlioroughly impregnated with iJie cifentiat 
Volatiles of the Plant, that jn a certat'ii 
Cafe, Ws znEns Specific umy and therefore 
it'is admirably wifely and knowingly fait^ 
of Hdmom. 
^"^. Dd Ex. 

596 Of Cold Baths. Pai 

< Exifiimo Deam perjecie & faffuiin* ) 

ter in fmflicibus compofaijfe compleia morho^ 

rum quorumcknq^ remedia. And a little far-, 

therne goeson, Felix iSe qui Jimplitibtt^j^ 

^ (uio atq-f prowpte novit toSere or coacuUart^ 

k morbos. /f-fj; credo fmplicia i» fu* fist-f 

f f licit ate ejfe fujficiemd fro fxntttcne oUtmum 

Worhorum^ Et per confequens Dfjfenfatfi^ 

• rU violent} A compoxere S" necitre flurtma to^-^ 
I turn perdunt. What wonderful Cures d<f 
r we hear done by thehdiam purely by Siro^ 
pies? And here I muft relate the greaiel^i 
Cure done (aIn:ioft ex tempore) by an Va*; 
diaa^ on Mr. Thoman CUjton^ then a Law*) 
yer in Firgi/iia, related by his Brother M^ 
'JohnCUytony now a Minifterof a Pariu^ 
in DubliM, and a Gentleman very knowinj 
in Phyfickhimfelf, whicli he has often tok 
fome of our Gmjbamites , which in (hoft 
was this. His Brother being feiz'd Wirfij 
the Country Difeafe, viz. dry Gripes witJ 
a Paralyfis that had taken away the uie o 
all his Limbs, an /Wmw for fo much Bran- 
dy, &c. would undertake to cure him. Bft 
order'dfome Wine or Water or fome fuch 
Liquor to be warmM, into which he fcrap'i 
about a Scruple or half a Dram ofacertai* 
Root which he pulIM out of his Pockety' 
but whetted the Knife he fcrap'd it widy 
becaufc they fliould not difcoFer by d»i 
fmell what the Plant was, drc Upophis 

Part II. Of Cold Baths. 597 

taking this Dofe, he fell into a violent 
Sweat, and repeating the Dofe the next 
Morning, he recoverd as if made whole 
by a Charm or Miracle. When the hdi- 
dtt Doftor was gone, the Maid-Servant 
found a little bit of this Root drop'd under 
the Table, which fhe prefcntly gave to 
Mr. John CUyton : To work went he a 
Root-tafting all round the Country for 
fomc fcore of Miles, but with all his 
Pains and Diligence could not difcover the 
Icaft Foot-fteps of this wonder-working 
Plant- So after many EiTaysand tirefome 
Journeys, home he came and refted him- 
felf contented. Sometime after this a Sow 
with Piggs was ftung with a Rattle-Snake, 
the Sow immediately made to the River 
on a full gallop, grunting and making a he- 
dious Noife, (as the Hogs did with the 
Devil in 'cm) he being in the Houfe and 
hearing the out-cry, ran to fee what the 
matter was, and follwing the Sow to the 
Water-fide, heefpy'd, under a large i.*(f^- 
frai Tree, a Plant about a yard high, with 
a Leaf not much unlike our ^«_ge//M; he 
chspp'd a Leaf or two and rub'd them, and 
hfe fancied that it had a fmell fomewhat 
like the Root we are difcourfing on : He 
immediately upon tafting the Root, found 
ic was the very iame tliatcur'd his Brother, 

Dd 2 He 

^9^ Of Cold Baths. Bart II 

He gave mc a piece of it : it was a very 
ftrong Aromatick^ and fcented every thing 
that ic touch'd. Mr. LUyton fancy 'd it to 
be by the Defcription the Lib^notis vera Di* 
dfcoridis^ but I think it came the neareft ia 
both Taft and Snoell to the Spanifh Mtum^ 
but far pleafanter and much more Aroma^ 
tic. He alfo the next Year fcnt for fome of 
the Seed (he having before he came for Ejfg^ 
Und difcover'd more of the Plants) but it 
got wet with Salt-water in the Fa^ge. 
He gave fome of it to the Ingenious Mr. 
Watts then Difeftor of the Phynck Garden 
VitChelfea^ but it came to nothing; either 
our CUmate was too cold, or the Salt had 
deftroy'xl its foecundity, &c. I inftance 
this Relation, that we may fee what hidden 
Power was givfen by (the Fiat of) the great 
Creator to all the Works of his Hands. 

1 could add here, feveral remakable In- 
rtances of moft wonderful Cures done in 
Pa'ftes^ whtvttUt recf4rrent Nerves and Muf- 
des of the Tofjgue has been feizM, even to 
zt\ Aphonia^ and total lofs of Speech, and 
fome of an old date and long Continuance, 
which has been inftantancoully recovered 
by Cold Immerfion: one . whereof I 
had the Relation from his own Mouth, 
thq matter of Fafl: was as followeth. This 
Gentleman Mr* 'John Perion oi ihQ Town 
oiTau^no^-Dea/i m the County ofSommer* 

'Vf Cold Baths. 


r >vas feiz'd, ^s T underwood by him, wich 

jlrthuu v.ig.e upon a Rneumatifrn, 

vhicliasro dolorous and puqgeanc Painst, 

much the fdme. He was advifedby 

his Phyficians totry the Cold Bath' he wjs 

",) weak and tender, as not to be touched 

/itiiouc great Pain; To that they litied 

lim into it in a Sheet or Blanket; he fate 

hp to his Necli, and hul the Cold Water 

pour'd upon his Head for about the fpacc of 

half an Hour; his Speech that was loft and 

gone, fo as not to be underllood what, he 

^fiid, fo pcrfci^Iy rcturnM([ think he told 

nc) from that very fir(V Itnmerfiort, that 

be cry'd to the Adfla»tes, hold, I am well. 

Sod continued fo; tho' for Confirmation- 

Ifike, he us'd the Cold Bath fome few 

Smcs more. 1 brought this Gentleman to 

Jive the Relation o^ his own Cafe to a 

itient of mine here at the Bath, thisSum- 

her^ Anno 1 70S. a Gentleman of good 

Worth and Note, who from an ApopleC- 

ticSrrolic totally loft his Speech, together 

"-* '1 theufe ofliis right Side; he feemM 

; afTcttcd nnd pleas'd with tlie Rela- 

and I believe deiigns to try it; 

I what Alterations it will produce upon 

iy the World fhall know in the next 

iflition ofthis Difcourfe. And if (uponTry- 

) the fuccefs anfwers our Hope, the Re- 

arks upon fo great and eminent a Caufe, 

Dd J may 

' 4O0 Of Cold Baths. Pa! 

may be of great ufe to Mankind, as well 
to rofterity, as the prefenc Age. and here 
I do boldly affcrt, to the blufblefs F<ic« of 
all its oppofers, that fuch prodigious and 
unheard Cures, has been doney«i& *//«, and 
in the faceofiheSun(by Cold Iramerfion) 
.without Trick, Vraud, or Cozenage ; in- 
fomuchihat could any PhyficiAn perform 
Jjut the tithe otTuch Cures, as we daily fee 
done by Cold Water, he would be foUow'd 
and efteem'd more like a God than a Mai. 
But alas! Envy, Pride, and Malice, ihofe 
Charaflteriflicksofthe Devil^ ever was and 
ever win be in the Sons of Dilcord, and Con- 
tradiftion. But for Men of Repute and 
Learning, to opprefs fo known, evident, , 
plain, and beneficial a Good, that performs 
the three parrs of Phyfick, the Phyfician, 
■ .^ui^eon. Apothecary, all in one, mull 
certainly be a Divine G///, and Blef- 
$ing from Hea'ven^ where little or no Hu- 
man Skill is requir'd to the Cure. Butfor 
i Man not to be Huhjecium Capax^ as to be- 
lieve his own Eyes, to what he fees done, 
is aftonifhing, and as Iiard for me to be- 
lieve, that he can't believe; furcly lucK 
Men muft be Fools in perfection, like a 
Puke's Coronet, the Flowers of his Igno- 
fance bloom out ; fo that Learning in fo?)C 
Men fervcs pi^ly to worfen 'em, and nru^ 
"em more Fools than tli^ey were beforej 

•/£iu :■ - 

fr Of Cold Baths. 401 

Ke a blow on tho Pate, that cracks the 

Jkull on *tothc[- fide, and gives a Counter 

ftlTurc to die hiosk ''oih the CraMe ; fo make's 

X Blocklicads, atramf, ferem. But left 

fhould coo much Co/i-jooi wiih 'em, I 

ave done. 

Having finifhed my Obfervations of Hoc 
,nd Cold Bathing, &c. V\\ proceed now 
^0 give you (Sir '^obn) fome few Remarks 
''' \ iMOfig-evitjif and conclude. 

■M fiort ^Difcomfe on Longaevity, in 
feveral Injla^cn of Verjons living 
to an exiream old A^e^ <vi much from 
a cool and temperate ^Diel and regular 
courfe of Life J as from ibe trtie Ba- 
lis and Ground of Old Age, that 
hafpy Tarental Blejjing^ of r 

Bona ibmina vitx. 

"^H A T the Devil for once fpakc true 
when lie dud, Skin for Ski»^ a?*4 4/I 
that a Man hat f(/r Ijh Life, ^c. Long Life 
is fo deftrable, and fo vaUi'd and etteem'd 
among Men, that 'tis every Man's Hope 
and wifh to obtain ir. And yet wc fee noc- 
withAanding this great like and love Men 
ihow and expref!^ for it, how remifs and 
carelcfs the greateft part of Maakiadarciit 
Ud4 (hv 

"403 Of Cdd Bath. Pa? 


the means to fecurc it. This fupineand 
fiupid negleft arifes from our too much 
'ruft in a good Conflitution; when alas! 
;hey think'not that the leart Debauch (the' 
4c does not blow up, yet) Hke an Earth- 
jakc it fhakes the very Ibundation of the 
[uman Fabrick^ and repeated Afls foon 
' I the Saferfiru^are; and becaufetbey 
fome few old Drunkards offourfcore 
fefe waded through an Aceldama of their 
.■Neighbours W»/j that has fallen in the Bat- 
tle, young Men prefently take/fo» Ctufi 
^froCaafit. and unitate them in Drinking^ 
not confidering Uiat this their Precedent ^hid 
he trim'd his Ld>fip and wifely manag'd the 
:pUme^ he might have liv'd to have been 
an Old Pirr or. a Jenkint^ &c. But alas! 
where one Claret-Pro/f/Zyr lives to So, ten 
ihoufand of their Tyro^s (ink under it. I 
muft confefs that Company is very plea- 
fant and charming, cfpecially if itbe allof 
apiece, witty and ingenious; but wc 
ibould confider how dearly wee purchafea 
little frothy and fiecting Difcourfe, and 
fwop our precious Time and Health for no^ 
thing but Pi/i and Prate, for in the Sinic 
ordfiamber-pot all Tavern-Delights termi' 
nate; andttio' a Man may wrcftle through 
a^rcat many years under a cuftom and hfe 
fiit of Drinking, yet the BonJe wW] afclail 
pucvait and &Sr]y lay him on his Back! TNc 
r.ii . ■■■ -^ ferioi 

ftrious ConHderation of this many years 
fincc, even in my Youth, diftaccd rfiis 
Caution to my /i-//, f /«. 

Trufi mt to Conftitution, Uwilldecsyf 
AncLtmjled Strength its lubres wears aaidy; 
The WoofF/r-f/j oat and tears away the Web ; 
A'o Soul hmU Body t ho* ne''er fowelhonjoik'd^y 
The tonver that they wear the more iheygriadS- 
Then im erackt Organ ntuji impair theMitfd. ^ 
^B jiHiteThtRgi lead to their own undoings 
Bat Man atones induprious to his Ratn'^ 
For what with Ryor, l)eIicatC5 4Wii Wine, 
Turns Pioneer himfelf to undermine. 
Be/ides the hidden Snares laid in oar wajy 
Thefudden Deaths we hear of ei'try day^ 
The finootheft Paths huve unjeen Ambufcades, 
yind Infecurity Security i»vades\ 
For no Man knows what^s tht next hours event, 
Man XiVz^ashe does die hj Occident. 
Horvfoft ts Flcfli, how hritttt is a Bone! ■) 
Tintt tats up Steel and Monuments of Stone,C 
And from his Tcctli art thou exempt alone ? j 
What i^arrant hafi thou that thjkodfs proof 
Jgainfl tht An^utfb of an aching Tooth ( 
How foon's a Fever roused hy acute Pains ? 
The /maf/e^ Ails h.tve all their Partiz,ans j 
^ttdin in'iejiine iVars they may divide^ 
I tifcV Oeferters lifi on the wrong fide. 

^' :.-■■- Dif. 

404 Of Cold Baths. Part U. 

DifedfiSylike trueBlood-hounds^eize $heirDamj 
And f re) upon the Carkafs whence they ffrang . 
Be alwdjs on thy guard^ watchful snd wife^ 
LefiDtzthjbouldtake the napping by furprize. 

ji Letter giving an Account af one 
Henry Jenkins a Yorklhire Man^ 
who attained the Age of l(y<) TearSy 
covumunicated hy Dr. Tancred Ro" 
binfon Fello^c^^ of the CoBege of 
Thyficians^ and R. S. with his 
R cmarks on it. 

S I R, 

MR. Robiafon teffs we you defirethe Re^ 
Litton of Henry Jenkins, which is m 


When I came firft to live at Bolton^ it 
was told me, there lived in that Parifha 
Man near an Hundred and fifty Years Old; 
that he had Sworn as Witne;fs in a Caufe 
at Xork to an Hundred and twenty Years, 
which the Judge reproving him for, he (ai^, 
he was Butler at that time to the Lor4 Cfl»- 
yers ; and they told me, that it was report 
ed his Name was found in fome old Re^ 
fter of the Lord Conyers^ Menial Servants; 
but truly it was never in my Thoughts to 

quire of my Lord Ddrej^ whether diis laft 
particular was true or no ; for I believed 
little of the Story for a great many Years ; 
till one Day being in my Sifters Kitdiin, 
He»rj ''Jenkins coming in to beg an Alms, I 
had a mind to examin liim ; 1 told him he 
jras ap Old Man, who muft fuddenly ex- 
£t to give an Account to God, of all he 
J pr iaid ; and 1 defired him to tell me 
^ry truly how Old he was : He paufed a 
ptle, and then faid, that tothebeftof his 
membrance he was about One hundred 
:ty two or three ; and I asked him what 
igs he rcmembred ? He faid Henry VIII ; 
_ aslicd what Publick thing he could longefl: 
remember? He faid h'lomden-feld ; I asked 
whether the King was there? He faid no, 
* le was in FrMce, and the Earl of Surry was 
~ ;neral ; I asked him how old he might be 
len ? He faid, I believe I might be between 
en and Twelve ; for, fays he, I was ient 
to Northallerton with a Horfe-Load of Ar- 
rows, but they fent a bigger Boy from 
thence to the Army with them. I thought 
by ihefe Marks I might fiad fomething in 
Hirtories, and lookM into an old Chronicle 
that was in theHoufe, and Ididfind that 
Fiorvden-feld was an Hundred fifty two 
Years before ; fo that if he was Ten or Ele- 
ven Years Old, he nuxft be One hundred 
(i^ty;^W^ Vefrs, or three, a$ he laid when 

. ■ V 1 

I examined him. I found by the Book, tha^ 
iBowsand Arrows were then ufed, andthM; 
the Earl he named was then General, and 
Ahat King Henry VIII. wasthenatT(7ffrffi/, 
jfochat I don't know what to Aofweriothe 
Confiftencies of thefe things, for Henrf 
Jenkins was a poor Man, could neither 
■Write nor Read : There were alfb four or 
^ <ive in the fame Paridi, that were reputed 
all of them to be an Hundred Years Old, 
or within two or three Years of if, and' 
Ithey a)I faid he was an elderly Man ever 
fince they knew him i for he was born ia 
:another Parifli, and before any Regifters 
Were in Churches, as it is faid ; he cold tnc 
then too, that he was Butler to the Lord 
Coaj^ers, and remcinbred the Abbot of fiJafl^ 
tAtns-^ithy very well, who ufed to drink a. 
Glafs with bis Lord heartily, and that the 
Diflblution of the Monafterles he laidhe 
well remembied. 

Ann S^viSe. 

This //ffw^J^flH^j departed this Life tbf 
eighth Day of December ^ '^70. at ESerioli 
upon Swale. 

: The Battle of Floipden-feld was Fought 
upon the nintli Day of Sepiemhr, in titt 
Year of our Lord 151 j 
' hemy Jefikif>s WAS twe\veXG3its old whsd 
fiomdeti'feUi ftf&i Foughtf fo he Uved ii^ 
•Years. 9M; 

; OH F»rre lived One hundred fifty two 
fears nine Months ; fo that Henry Jer/kiKs 
out-lived him by computation fixteen Years, 
and was the oldelt Man born upon the Ru- 
ins of this Pc^-diluviaft World. 

This Henry 'Jenkins in the laft Century 
of his Life was a Fifherman, and ufed to 
wade in the Streams; his Diet was Coarfe 
and Sowr ; but towards the latter end of 
his Days he begged up and down ; he hath 
Sworn in Chancery and other Courts, to 
above 140 Years Memory, and was often 
at the Affizes at Tork^ whether he gene- 
rally went a-toot : And I have heard fome 
of the Country Gentlemen affirm, that he 
frequently fwam in the Rivers after he was 
pall the Age of One hundred Years. 

'Tis to be wifhed that particular Fnqui- 
ries where made, and anfwered, concern- 
ing the Temperament of this Man's Body, 
his manner of Living, and all other Cir- 
cumftances, which might furnifli manyufe- 
ful Inftruftions to thofe who arc curious 
about Longevity. 

FraKci/co Lupdtfoli the Femtian Conful 
at Smyrna liv'd 1 1 3 years, and had by his 
Wives and other Women about 5oChilr 
dren; he ufed to prav for the Soul of all 
his defunft Miftrelfes by name. He drank 
nothing but Water and Milk, fometimes a 
fmall Sherbet i his ufual .Diet wasifmall; 


0/ tola baths. FafI 

Soopsof Flcfli, fbmcrimes of Bread, Vfz- 

ler and Figs. He faw at that Age, or near 

It, without SpeOacIes, and could hear wen.» 

He drank nomannci' of Tea, Coffee, oi'i 

iChocolet, nor any fermented Liquor. He' 

Iwenc upright. He had fomc new black 

^ Hairs on his Head, and Mr. Rny^ the Eng.' 

M> Conful there, tdld me that he faw af 

jboth cue in his upper Gum, He faid that 

Fbc was potent for Women at that Age, 

I atid was known to give Mony for a fht 

[young Slave to he kind with her. To- 

I wards his latter end hccomplain'dtoaDoc- 

[ tor that his Eyci began to grow dim, and 

■ dcfired a Remedy ; the Doctor's name >Vas[ 

Barhat/c/o. He was a fair Man, of a middld' 

Stature, &£. 

Mr. /^jy lodges nt Mr. Ba/Ztfrj- next door 
to Mr. >/^/;'s in Chitrter-hnafe-jitrd^ 

Mr. '^ohn Hill rel-itcd to that Rithard 

Lt0y4, born two Miles from Moxt^omerj^ 

was aged i jj within two Months, a ftrong; 

ftraigiic and upright Man, wanted no' 

Teeth, had no grey Hairs, wliich was of" 

a darkifh brown Colour ; could hear well, 

and read without Speflacles ; flefhy and fiJl 

ichcek'd, and the Calves of his LcggsnOt 

[wafledorfhnmk, lie could walk wd!: he' 

lt«'as of a tall Stature: his Food was Bread, 

I Gheefe and Butter for the moft part, and' 

[ bis Drink Whey, Butter-milk or Water, 

>'.[^'-iC and 

and nothing e!fe; but being by a Neigh- 
bour-Gentlewoman pcrfwaded to eat Flem- 
meat, and drink Malt-Liquors, foOn fell off 
and died. He was a poor labouring Man 
in Hu^ndry, &c. To the truth of this, 
the Copy of the Regirter produc'd affirm'd 

Dr. Lotver^ Brother to our famous Lomr, 
told me, tiiat he faw a Man in the North 
of an extream Age, full or above fixfcore; 
he lay on a Pad on the Ground in a dark, 
imoalty tatter'd Cottage, with a Clout or 
old Stocking that ftopc a hole in (the next 
to no Wall") a Clay- plaftcr'd hurdle, 
with a little Cow lying by him, chewing 
the Cud. I ask'd him what that hole in 
the Wall ferv'd for? He told mo that it 
fcrv'd to let out Smoak or let in the frcfh 
Air, according as he wanted the one, or 
was opprcfs'd with t'other. I ask'd him 
what that Cow ferv'd for, with her Mouth 
lb near him ? He anfwer'd, for refrc(h- 
ment; for, faid he, the Breatli of tlie Cow 
is a Cordial, and much rtfreflics me when 
I am feint, &c. I askt him what Diet 
he us'd ? He anfwer'd Oatmeal made into 
Water-pottage, and Potato's, and fome- 
times a little Milk, when his Son and Daugh- 
ter did not drink it from him. He ftid 
that he had been a labouring Man all his 
Days, and that he never had been lick 

4IO Of Cold Bath. 

as he never could remember in his life > 
that he eat very little i'lefh, &c. 

As to being comforted with the Breath 
of the Cow, 'tis highly rational to believe 
it ; for the Breatli was warm, and muft 
emit with it fome volatile Salts, and fra- 
grant Particles, analogous to our own Spi- 
rits. I have heard feveral Shepherds and 
other Cattle- keepers fay, That in roofing 
of their Herds from their Rell in a Morn- 
ing, the Sreems not only of their Bodies, 
but even thefj^tfwi and (cent of their Dung 
and Urine has been grateful and refrefhing, 
from thofe falubrioiis volatile Salts that 
they draw in with their Breath in their 
Sheep-Folds, and Cow-Houfes, early in a 
Morning before the Beams of Light and 
Heat exhale them , and rob them of 
the beft Nofe-gay in tfie World. And in 
the times of the Old Patriarchs, no doubt 
but that the whole Family lay upon the 
Ground, Old jidar/Pi firit Floor, both Man 
and Beaft, Wife and Children, which 
might be one caufc of their long Life, fjrc 
For in thofe Days they were Strangers 
to ilie curfed Invention of rail Houfes 
and painted Roofs , which the Divine 
SenecA , Socrates , Flaio , Epicietut^ jith- 
/o»/>w the Emperor (who, asCaaJabou rcr 
marks, had more Kingdoms than eTCr&- 
ioman had Towns, &.ej. ;. I fay all tluife, and 

Of Cold Baths. 411 

marly others of the wife Philofophers of aU 
Ages have cxposM and raii'd at the Pndci 
Vanities atid Unncccffarlcs of Life ^ which is 
not only the Trouble, but the very Plagud 
and Torment of it, according to the Poet, 

He that wou*d rejllefs live ia thit jbon Life, 
Let him have s •vain And fajbionable Wife, 
from Top-knot Shop to Top-knot let her nnge^ 
And con jl ant to nothing but to conftant Chttnge, 

Rut whiirt the Devil, that Spiritual Taylor, 
Prince of the Air, can (o eafily fly to 
Fnnce, and Monthly fetch us new Fafhi- 
Dns, 'tis never likely to be otherwifei 
What a fliaine is it, jn the Church, the 
Houfe of God, where People ought to af- 
femble in Sack-cloth and Allies to lament 
and mourn for their Sins, tocomewlthi 
Bufhel of creeled Head-geer, like fo many 
walking Turrets? And the Men todifguiw 
thcmfelvcs with long dangling Pcrriwigs 
hanging to their Rumps, as tf each had a 
Be»rs-skin at his Back, is a Shame to the 
fober and chrillian part of the World, in 
making the Church a Spiritual Hide-farkt 
an ogling Rendeivcuz of Amofetto's and 
I-OVers, rather than a Houfe of I'rayerand 
Humiliation? Really this muft be a great 
<Mfeticc even to the poor Mamptrt that beg 
iHhc Church-door. 
''■■' Ee There 

There is at tlie Bath an Old Fellow \a the 
Summer-{inie» who is an afliftant to the 
Play-houfe. I have obfcrv'd this Old Fel- 
low once in a week, or foraetiines oftner, 
to go to a Millt-Iioiiil; (where I u(ed often 
to drink Milk) lo fill a great Pitcher (which 
held at leart 6 or 7 Quart;.) of new Butter* 
milk, but always kept it Limilit wasfowr, 
and then draiik of that and notliing elfcall 
the Summer Montiis, ('■*■:) from jtprUm 
Mtj, uniil Oof ohir ; the remaining part of 
tlie Year lie drank cither Water or fmall 
Beer, tho' he told me that in his Youth he 
has foraetimes drank rtrong Drinks, but 
they never agreed with him; And healfo 
told me, that not above 2 Years ago he 
went from Uaifj to London on foot, in two 
Day^, and came home to the lUth again 
in two Days more, and that he was uieo 
near 87 Years of Age, as may be feen ^ , 
the Regifter. He is a Jiraight upright Man, 
without itooping, and of his great Age 
moves wonderfully nimble. He hasanun* 
grateful Name, tho' an honeft Fellow, for 
xt is Seth Vnthdtike. He was born in Mil- 
felilj in the County o^ NorthumberUad, in 
G/cwii*i///-i^dr<^,intheYcarofour Lord, 1617. 
outhe 29th of AV/'/ewi^t?-, in the 15th Year 
of the Reign of King James, and wu 
Baptiz'din iheK/Vi- Mirfo/;. He was die 
youngeft of 22 Children* Hiseldcft Sifter 

as been dead a Year. He has a Brother 
living lo Years older than himfelf, his eld- 
eft Brother has been dead three Years. He 
has a Sifter hving in Spittle, within Haifa 
Mile ofUerivtck, 16 Years older tha;i him- 
felf. His Unkle was 1 26 Years old, when 
he died, he was a Penfioner to the Bilhop 
of Durham. 

Henry de U Gnnge d^Jrcfaia was born in 
frsftee the 15th of Jprii 1606. and was 
made Cardinal D^Jryam by hnoeent XII. 
the itth of December, 1625. He is now 
At Rome, and enjoys Health enoughtode- 
ferve being called the youngcft Man in it. 
He goes frequently on Foot, diverts him- 
felf more than any Body at Feafts, and has 
often Conforts of Mufick at his Houfe, 
where he entertains the Company with 
an air of Youth; lie lives at liberty, and 
without conftraint. He has a robuft Com- 
plexion, and is not not fubjeft to any in- 
difpofition but the Gout, which may pro- 
ceed from his too much eating, having a 
molt devouring Stomach. He is fo little 
fenfible of his great Age, that he often 
talks of going into France for a Year or two, 
and afterwards then return to Rome. , , , 
He deny'd himfelf no Pleafure in his 
Xouth, arid not with Handing is very fdte 
"V.carry the fame temperament and brisk- 
'i CO the Grave. 

E e a Mr. 

4JN|_3^^^^ ^*^^' Fart 11. 

Mr. Martiu in his defcription of the 
WefternIflandsof5^(?//4;;^ fays^ that Do- 
nald Roj^ who lived in the Ifle of Saitd^ 
where they have neither Phyfick nor Phjr- 
fician, died lately in the looth Year of his 
Age, and was able to Travel and manage 
his AfFah"s till about two Years before his 

He makes mention of one that died about 
18 Years ago, aged one hundred and forty^ 
and of another who they faid died at one 
hundred and eighty. 

At Bean Holeit^ a Village rtear 7«r/>, I 
faw, about thfee Years ago, an old Wo- 
man in the Inn that. was 10^ Years old, 
as her Grandfon told me, who was Matter 
of the Inn. She was become from- a tall 
proper Woman, a fhort hump back'd Fi- 
gure, but had all her Senfes in Perfeftion, 
and was continually employed in the drudg-* 
ery of the Houfe, and had a prodigious Ap- 
p€tite, as I obferved during my ftay. Sba 
xvas reputed older by all the neighbour- 
ing Villages, and had never been Sick. 

It U to he noted^ That this ViUage where fhi 
lived^ is famom for the bejl Air in ^ Pied* 


About two Years and a half fince, going 
into the North Country, and lying it 



'^'^TlHs Account Dr. Baynard haifrm Dr% Engliib. 

Of Cold Baths. 415 ' 

MorthAmpion^ I defined my Landlord of the 
nn to fhew me the Famous old Man fo 
nuch talk'd of. When I came into his 
R.oom,Ifaw a fhort,broad-bi"calledold Fel- 
'■ fit by the Fire-fide on a low Stool: I 
isk'd him how old he was? lie anfwer'd 
"me, that he was 128 and t- I ask'd him 
about a great many memorable things 
done near a too Years fince, fome whcre- 
pf he perfeftly remembrtd , as the com- 
ing in of King \fitmes the Firft &e. and far- 
ther (aid, that he was one of the 24 Mor- 
Bce-Dancers that dancM before him into 
Town: But here I doubted my old 
[an*s veracity, for if lam not miftakcn, 
King came in the Torkjhire Road, 
hrough Harittngton. But however, I 
bond him by all, and by the nicel^ enqul- 
^ I could make, that he was not tar fhort 
bfthat Age, as appeared by die Teftimony 
feveral People, fome near, others 
Ibbove a hundred; and tbey all fay, 
hat be feem'd to be an old Man ever fioce 
bey could remember. That he was born 
iihe Town, buc before R^illers were 
ifed, &:. He had a very itrong Voice, 
and (pake very heartily and loud. He faid 
(ootdefigniog ic for a Jcft) that he fliould 
never die fo long as he could breath freely, 
which is no fmall Happinels. Difeafcsand 
Difiicttlttcs of the breathing Family, are 
Ee ? not 

4i6 Of Cold Baths. Part 

not only moft troublefome, but the moft 
dangerousaifo ;ancl Ineverkncwa very old 
Man.buE hisrefpiration was very liberal^f. 
And this agrees with the Sentimeots of Hip- 
focrtes. viz. FicUefpirsre mtgm momenti eii 
aif»lutem^ &c. and 'Jacok. Spo^. upon Iiim, 
Spirare enimfaciltpArtium Thortciarum it- 
btrtatem fftdicat, &c. And upon this Arti- 
cle how many Narfis and carelefs Mothers 
ought to be hartgd for their hard fwathiog 
poor helplefsand tender lufaatSy &-c? as 
in aaoiher Place 1 have faid more at lai^e ; 
nay I have fecn a Nurfe Jay her heavy 
HMdy and fometimes her Army upon the 
Br(»fi of a Child, as it lay fiit and fupine 
in her Up^ until it has been black in the 
Tace \ which tho' not always the prefenc 
deftruQjon of it, yet it gives the rAorAxa 
crulh, which the Child may never well 
recover as long as it lives, crt. 

This old Man, whofeName was '^oba 
Ji*ilesy told me, that lie had buried the 
whole Town of Aorthimptofiy except ^ 
or 4, 20 times over. Strong Drink, quoth 
the old Man, kill^i 'cm all . He told me 
thdt he never was druuk in his Life, and 
that Water, rtnail Beer and Milk was his 
drink, fometimes x^kcn per fe^ fomotime;- 
;nix'd, and that his Food was, fortheoioA 
pqrc, brown Bread and Chcefe; he caroA 
not much for Fieili Meats. He was a ({»■ 


Of Cold Baths. 417 

fible old Fellow, and had no Difeafe hut 
Blindnefs, which had feiz'd him not above 
four or five Years, &c. 
. Mr. Robinfofi Miniller ofO/wi/in C««- 
^iw-ZW, has wrote me fcvcral Lecteis of 
Hsoor People that have liv'd to e>;treamold 
lAges, of a hundred or more, and that up- 
on enquiry, he moftly found that they 
lived upon the lacticinix. efpecially on 
Whey and fowr Butter-Milk, and Cat- 
head. &c- he alfo wrote me Word, and 
sthave heard it confirm'd by many other 
\tUmhsrUndCitx\i\zmtii\, That a Manfieep- 
l^on fome Mmeral Bank, the Steams and 
jlwvu of it had turn'd that fide of his 
Hair which lay next the Ground as wiiitc 
as Snow, as alfo one Eye-brow, and half 
his Beard, which before was as black as a 
Raven. This Minifter attelted this (verba 
facerdotis) ac ChiWs CotFee-Houfe at the 
Weft end of St. PaaH Cliurch, before Ma- 
jor Roycrofi and feveral otl>ers. Mr. Ro- 
bitifon defir'd it to be recorded in the Phi- 
bfophical Tranfaftions, but I hear it was 
oppos'd by Sir Tijfmj Sleejj the MuQin* 

Mrs. Hudjhn, Mother to Mr- Georgt 
Hudfun a Solicitor in Chancery, lived a 
hundred and five Years, and then died of 
4n acute Difeafe,by catching Cold.Her Eyes 
^cce fo very good, that flie could fee 
E e 4 c« 

41 8 Of Cold Baths 


to thread a Needle at that great Age: Her 
_Pood was nothing (or very little elfe) fave 
Spread and Milk all her Life time. 

Mr. Johx^off, the Father of my learned 
' ^r\tnd Dr. Johnffon of Warwick, always a 

ftrong lufty Man, dy'd at a hundred and 
L .^teven. His ufual Drink was Milk a nd Ale, 
».drMilk and fraall Beer mixed together. 
I ' That Milk is of a falubrious, fafe and 

iweet Nourifhmenc, is evident by many 
Jations that eat much of it, and livelong, 
One Inftance of it is at Croydon in Surrj ; a 
rhyfician of good worth and learning was' 
ib kind as to give me an account of himfclt*, 
who has conquer'd a Diftemper, and ac- 
qiiir'd a good Conliirution by his drink' 
<Jf Milk only ,eating and drinking norhin^ 
clfe for thefc 6 or 7 Years part. His Qum^^ 
turn is a quart in a Moining, a quart ai 
Noon, and ^Pintat Night, withoutBreac 
&c. and to this quantity he exaftly keeps 
Ibmctimcs he drinks it hot, fometlmescold,' 


as for his conveniency it happens. . 

All thofe that have written of the Iflands 
of AVof/4«i^,ikc. fay,That the Whig or Whey* 
they boil'd with fweer Htibs, and barrela 
it up for their f^otm ordinmm. 
. A hundred Example^ of this kind frta' 
be found to confimi the DoSrin ofTeni 
Iterance and a cool Diet, as nettefFary' t 
fhc prolongation of Lije; but if aH Aagi 

from Heaven fhould come down and Preach 
it, one Bottle of Burgundj would be of 
more force with this Cidret-fietv^d Gene- 
ration than ten Tun of Arguments to the 
contrary, tho' never fo dcmonftrable ai 
(Jivine, &<:. _ tj 

Bttt when /tUs ! Men eofnt to die 

Of Dropl}^ 'JauHdke, Stone atjdGoiti\' 
Vhtn the black Reekoning drsws nigh. 

And Life (before the Bottle fs out: 
yhen (low drAwn) Tirne's ufon the Tilt, 

tep> Sands And Minutes left to ran:, 
tffd a/l our (^sft^one) years Are fpihy". *- 7 

And the gn-At Work « ieft undone : 

Vhen rejilefs Confcience knocks within 

And in Difpair begins to bxul^ 
Peaih like n Drawer thenjief/s in, 

Andatkethy Gentlemen! d^jeca^f 
"" mjh thit Men rvould, timely, think 

On this great Truth in thgirfull Bowlsj 
Both I And Will, of Lud gate- hill, . . 
^ And all our Friends round Pauls. 

As ilie Divine Herbert has if, 
( Verfe may find him whom a Sermon fliaif 
W ttfrn Veltght into a SAcrifice, Sec 

'A fion dehortatory Poem to a Claret* 
* ..FxoncKinfinanandGodfonofmine^ 
. ogtnnji immoderate Drinking, 

i^A/s by a Tatern-door, my Son, 
ThU facred Truth write on thj HtArt ; 
u enfier^ Company to Jbux^ 
Than At a Pint ii h to fart. 

For one Pint drams another in, 

A/id tbst Pint iights d Pipe; 
J/idtlmfiiil/MOTny they ta{> the D&y^ 

Jfid drink it out e'er Night. 
Not dreAwi/jg of a fudden Bott/tety 

From Vinous Sulphurs J^or''d within; 
I Which bbtvs 4 Drunkard up At once^ 

When the Fire takes Life s MAgtzh. 

An Apoplexy hi&$ 44 fure^ 

As Cannon Bati ; and oft lU foon ; 

And tvill no more yield to a Cure, 

ThAomur^^ring Chatn-fhot from a Gun, 

Why pjwld Men dread a Cannoa hre ? 

Tet boldly ^pronch a Pottle Pot, 
ThAt mAyfalllhrtj fboot mdej or 6*re, 

Bat Drinking if the furer Shot. 
Z;^ many Fools Ahout this Towrtf 

Do Quaff and Laugh Away their Time > 
And Nightly knock each other down. 

With CUrret Clubs, o/No-Grape Wm\ 


Vjftii s D*rt from Bacchus Qiiiver^ 

(At Solomon defcnbeth right^ 
pofs Jhooi his Tartar thro* the Liver 
Then (Bonus Nocious) Sot, good Night, 
Good Wine rviH Kill <ts well as bad, 

When drsnk beyond (our Nature* j) Ifouilds : 
Thin Winep/vw Life amorial Stab, 

ji^d itaves her weltring, in her Woanist 
Wounds ! that HO Phjfch Art can heal, Jf 
And very rarly that they feel > 

The Sirolic, the Moment it does tQII. 'A 

Virgil'j Cold Batby 

Defcribing a People invigorated 
and hardn*d by uling to wafh in 
the Cold Streams from their In- 
fancy, l?c. 

>£neid. 9. iuxta fincm . 
Durum t Jlirpe genuf^natos adflumindfrimurOj 
Dtferimtu fevoq;^el/fy duramus & uadis. 

AH^trdy l^eofiefropt their Childhood io£d^ 
Oejieidid frfim « Race inur'^d to Cold ; 
Bathing their Infant-limbs tn H'iuters Flood 
Reverberates the Heat upon their Hlood ■. 

Of ColdBaths, Paitll. 


The rous^i^uf Fjtame mAkes the whole fluid boil 
Deft Us brisk Spirits from good Blood and Chjle. 
Bracing the Nerves ^ andfhrpus Mufcles tight 
For Battle ftrong^ for Hunting fwift inflight. 
This bars the doors through which Lifers vigour 

At^d locks th^ Pore sup with a cold bunch of Kjjs 
^9 S\As:zx\ forging Shields for th^ SonsofMzrs 
^is Thetis makes his glowing Fire foflerce ; 
For as he blows jbe fpr inkles on the Coal^ 


The opened Sulphur gives to Fire a Soul) 
Thiuft<^ its'ci^tary ioesStren^h$cquife^ 
And what would feem to quench does raife the fire, 
^if J[fan^ that often to the Streams refortSy 
jf#r Life becomes an impregnable Fort ; 
Not only a keen Appetite creates^ 
But the whole vital Force invigorates ^ 
And gives ^ Tone to all the Bodfs vents^ • 
Perfpires in unfeen Smoke its Excrements ; 
Where every Duftus carriesoffhis fbare^ 
And every Gland is her own Scavenger. 
(A, Secret only known to th* learned ^ Cole 
Jlfljo^ traced D^w^Nature thro^ herfmaUefl holt. 

« Dr. Cole dc Secretioae AaimaK & £ciolog. ad 
Doft* Hub. 


Found a/l her Foils/ti lor/g Uj bid in nighty 
jind all herfecret Mewfes brought to lighty ' 
And in the dark before where no Man come^ 
The Pocher catch' d herfqaat upon the form.) 
Thus in ihelnhnt is the Man madefirong^ 
Nothing hat Time can /bake his Garrifoa ; 
For who to hardfbips from his Toaih's inured, 
frflw Stone viW Gout and painful Death V/e- 

'dttd he that this rvajfor old Age frefareSy 
fc fure (bar Accidents) of a hundred Tears, 
Winds no decay, is one aniflill thefamiy 
And's mind fublimed h afironger Flame \ 
For fure the Soul mufl take agreat delight^ 
And a£t mthPleafure where AsrOrgan's bright ■■ 
For where the Bodfsfoandy md th' Mind is 
Man in himfetf enjoys a Heaven there, (clear, 
That^atUKaadiflarif*d in this hlefs^d State, 
Renders the Pa//ioas caim, the Mind fedate. 
For rphere (he's warm btiow and coo/ above, 
That happy Man can both inflru^ ana iove. 
To Men his long Experience may impart. 
To Womm fbeiv the green-honfe of bis Heart. 


4H Of Cold Baths. Pai 

Whtre bleomitif^ Love is in itt hlojfom gay, j 
For his December is their Month of Mrjy 
Jujl in his prime, fvbfn othtr Mgn decay,) 
ifW- ili tkt tcHder brood do ftrijhfoon^ 

•eir fttting Sun « his meridiitn N'oon ; 
Vhof'r vital Heat around his World dots rntf 
I atfffrf not eonjift''d to Stages like the Sun. 
Thus at A hundred Years Am thtrdbrisk Wife 

Jadpockr a Village with his Girls 4nd Boys ; 
With his Children's Children*! Children^ tojs 
jind finds their Inclinations hj their majs. 
There fets himfcif /> every fmiU and Uuib 
In their young Faces, four Generations off. 
But nijen the fatal Hour draws en ^ O 

For Man mufl die, iho* he live ne'er fo ion^j > 
Time that difarms theOsM ttilifeize theftrong^ 
Finds he decays^ and majf dear ]otT\ forfakt^ 
Tif hi foill Cobble rrhere he cannot make. 
Then comes the Curfc, vrhen impotent depre 
Broods o^crthe Afhes of exiinguijhU Fire: 


Of Cdd Brnhs. 4«S 


for tvhen the Fower to aft is fiafi 4nd dead, 
^XjiEMCUtoii ^ Luil then h*unts the oU Man\ 
■fcirijfi; . CHead. 

I don^t at all doubt but that Mr. W»ifi 
ht H'ije, call'd a Crittek^ will be nibbling 
Bt this our Book, and indeed all char Write 
Ihoiild have (omcRuUiJb in their Writings 
to make a Bdit forC>i/«i, whoarctatchM 
like aptrrms in a Scrape of l'.h»ff'\ and (a 
becaufc they fhan't lofc their expcftation 
1 only trull 'cm a couple ol Kiimblers 
which, if they don^t like, let them take 
any other that they do like^ viz 

Thitiirrt the Doors thro* which Ltjss I'igour 


And tacks lit* Pores up with a coU hunch oj Kjfs, 

Now if any Man fhould have tho misfor- 
tuc (£s his Mother had) to labour under the 
fuperfctation of i-W, and askthcgucftion, 
pray is it true that the Cold lUtby like a 
D«/ciWainans Girdle, or a Sexton of a 
Churcli, has a KfJ to every Pore in the 
Skiitf I anfwcr, that I could only have 
wifh^.d chat he had liv'd in tho cimc oi'jEjop ; 
and havcasM him if it were true, that the 
HorJ'e calk'd co the Ki/i-*, or the Cat to the 
KJ" \ would he not have cold hitn he was 
a Coxcomb ? 


4i6 Of Cold Baths. PartIL 

But if any, out of a felonious intent to 
pick a Lock or a Qudrrel with my bunch of 
Kjjs^ or any thing elfe containM in this 
Treatife, let him fit down, fmoak a fober 
Vife^ take the Context with the Text, and 
read it quite through ; then when he and 
I meet, we may (hake Hands and be 
Friends, as being upon the level^ for I ne- 
ver knew a bad Writer, but that there 
was a Fool Reader for him ready cat and 
dry'd, &c. 

For whin a Book before a Cririck //>/, 
He reads to carp, or filtches to be Wifc^ 

And now, Sir "John^ you and I may do 
as they do at Funds and Lx)tteries, e*ea 
clofe the Book,for I[never intend (as at prc- 
fent I think) to write more upon this Sub- 
jed, and once again am 

Tour moft humUe ServMt^ 

i.»Hio»,NUrci>,2^i Edw. Baynard. 


iome' farther Obfirvations and Remarks 
on Hot onti Cold Bathings Pump' 
ingy Drinking, Sec. 

S TVater is, in chief, the 
. univerfal Driak of all the 
Wor/d^ both JnimAls and 
Vigf tables^ fo it is thebeft, 
and mofl: falubrious ; for 
without it, no PlMt n6'r 
CfM/«« could longfubfift; 
nay , even the Air we 
! would deftroy us, were not the 
leen Particles of the Nitn Ineath'd and in- 
p'd'in aqueous Lamht and Ttgumentt^ 
5 it has fometimcs been fatally experiment- 
ed by Cow/i/w/jf/i/g Ferfons, fent into moun- 
tainous and over- dry Ain^ befides the Ac- 
counts we have fo often had, from thofe 
who have afcended and climb'd the Alps, 
and othei* Ikep and almoil inaccefltble 
F f HiUs, 

4^8 APP ENV IX, 

HiSsy SiC. That this W'^^rw enters witfi the 
Jir into our Luitgs and Blood, feparawd 
from thence by the feveral Srcrttiom, a 
evident^ by any found Man's Obfervaiioaj 
that he returns more Liquids by Vritte thaq 

' lie drinks, by much. And it has of \m 

I'bccn obfcrv'd, that Diahetic Pcrfons havt 

made, in a Month's tinie> more TJrim tha 

the Weight of their Bodies, and all tha 

' ihcy have eaten acid drank in that Mond 
Dcfidcs; which can never be accounted fop, 
fcut allowing the (jamid and aqueout Particles 
of the Jir to fupply fo vail a Projitrviitm,' 
And 'tis farther obferv'd by fomc Gentle^ 
jnen, Lovers of the Sport of Horje.Ratiitgt 
where they have been dieted to Horfe-man 
iVtigbt^ and brought below the Standard > ~ 
the fluid Confiftencc of the Bhod\ that I 
'Meeptng beyond the allowed time, ihi 

■ liave incrcafed their Weight to fome Poun(! _ 
And Mr. Ma^j, a Gentleman of Quality u 
ChejljiTty try'd it on his own Perfon^ whi 
he rid for a confidcrabte Sum of Money, it 
Jiy little SUff and a thin fpare £>»/, broogh 
himfelf down to Ten Stone ; who, as foo 
^as he had won the Race, weigh'd himfcH 

' Thence he went to his /»», and not takifl 

■.above a Pound and a half of K/W/ in boi 

.Meat and Drink, went to Bed^ and flep 

i6 Hours ; and when he arofe, he found 

^ebyitbe Su it that hegot by jVeight (to the 

■ ^— ,. .: — — (j^l 

"' "^^ 


t-'j? .^J 

bell of my Remembrance) 1 4 Poandt .JkoA\ 
J Qa*rttrs. And I have heard fcvcral of 
the Jticii'm affirm the fame thing, in propor-. 
tion to tncir h'tfiwg and low Uitt^na Ovcr- 
flecping afterwards : Which if true, as I 
doUDC not, having fo olten heard it from 
Getititmeit of Worcli and unciucllionable 
Reputation, this can no way be folv'd but 
by ibc former Rcafon of allowing the wnirj 
p. fcrticlcs of the yi/jr to tijpply thofe Vacao- 
^«ies and Delc£ls, which a low Diet and t^o- 
IjUtlc Sleep hadcaufcd. Which Ihews evi- 
Bdcntly, that this crcac Change and Intre- 
Vment is (mnllly, W not only) made in the 
■ Time of aUep, wlicn the Spirits ccafc from 
\£lion, and Nature intent upon the ncccl- 
iry Separations, and Rel^orations to per- 
irm the bodily Labours of the ncxc 
ky, &t. Vqt true 6'^(p is made in a State 
fiMcogitAaty^ without Thaaght or Drt»m- 
% ; then the natural Fun^ions arc ac 
^IVork, Wounds arc heal'd, and Breaches ., 
Bade up, according to the (Quantity and 
^oodoefs of Materials laid up in the Blmd 
r Nature to perform that Work with, <^(. 
od here it will be pcroincnt to Ibew, what 
^learned Hjfcian\ Opinion was of iV^tr 
S generah 

..Frimum autem inter aiia Potuhnt* ,]^$^ 

vtndicat lofum Aqua. Turn jure MfiquitMk^ 

turn Ukhitatii pr^roi^AtivA ■ <jr iff (iifpeitaf* 

JP f a Pctm 



PotUf mrdicm merstS ju6'*udity quod JtArici^ 
tite & fisxtbiUt/tte pArticuUrum fefg ?Ofi*c 
cujafcunque p/tl fgar£ facile inftnuet^ Mtidam, 
vttiofum igmftrtt, ftlU dtladt^ fetuiUmfai^ 
diorem yeddit^ hiOi djlum demuUcdt, &Jm} 
gaim humidas farlicuUt rtfiiiuat ; fuferjluuii^ 
autem turn per -viiis VrtnsriM, turn per txtl4 
riorem Corporu Jeperfcinn O" dmbutim il^ui^ 
txcernatury & qaodCaput ret efi nuUtH MejH 
■ exti, nt ifpt ttum agroumshm, modo r;^ 
I fri^ uon ohjlef, tuid fropwATt poffit . i 

BligMur iti^ue Aqua foasaaa vei iimpitUX 
tenuii & Crjfiilima^ qa* levif dr omnis odorm 
& japorU exptrs eji, yuod ft forte Pat tuuim 
Hfterogeneas & Limofa^ in reetjfu bttkut^ 
eoHhm tmendetur. \ 

This is rpoken orfiAiple and elementaiTl 
Waters, noc impregnated wrch any Miaer4 
particles, (if any fuch are) which, oocwitlvt 
fianding they are genuine and pure, yet ib^ 
are medicinal, tho' noc fo very medicinal 
. as Miner aI Waters. And where othcrWaters 
arc noc to be had, I have hncwn where a 
regular drinking of Spring Wtter hath dond 
feme confiderable Cures, by walbing ofl 
the acrid ftorbutich Salti from the Bloodi 
and ftrengchning the Coats and Fibret of cht 
Stomach and Bowels, and hath broughcoQ 
both a good Appetite and D^ejiioa. Oot 
lafhnce whereof I will here relate. *• 


A certain Man that ufed to frequenc Tan- 

&-/4^p, by which he found much Benefit, 

wasfoconRn'd by his ABairs, that one Sea- 

Ton he could not go thither ; but having a 

good Spring or Pump in his Yard, drank 

with great Regularity his own Waters, the 

ufual Quantity as at the Mineral Waters ; 

which did him as much Service, by cooling 

his Bioed^ and diluting and walhing off the 

Jheterogeneousand tartarous Particles which 

Ltiis Cltret had left ; for he was a ^ood Fcl* 

^ow, and wrote this Dipch over his Pump : 

The Steel is the Cheat, 

T« the Water does the Feat. 

JBut here it may be doubted, whether a Fer- 
rfeverance in drinking of his Pump [i^Mer 
might yearly yieldhimihe fame lie«e^(; For 
Mineral WaterSjCfpecially the Cfej/jAM/,leavc 
a Rellringency and binding Quality on tha 
Stomach and Bowels, which manifelUy> ; 
Ilrengthens, beyond any other Waters, void 
of fuch vitriolic Particles. And Dr. Whift-^ ' 
Utj an eminent Fhylician, who ufed Jan-* 
^j^emany Years, ufed to fay, That in % 
dry Seafon he could perfedly tafte a Ga* 
VitrioU in them, which is wonderful dif- 
kble in ihe Bsth Waters in a dry Sea- 
and the Wind at any Northerly Point : 
but all Waters, ^uAtenus Waters, noc 
lu loaded 


loaded with Cathartick Siln^ as North-Iui^^ 
ifyfom^ &c. are retlringenc and blod- 
■iD^ \ tho' taken in any great Quantity, tbejr 
1 Will purge rttione foaderis. 
t . That good and pure tVattr has 3 hl/amu 
[ snd healing Quality in it, I could give ma- 
■jiy Inn^ances, as well exiernally in curing' 
\of Wounds, as internally, as Ulcers, Ex- 
■coriations, &c. For I once knew a Gen- 
riemanot a plentiful Fortune, who by fouie 
Accidents fell to decay, and having a nume- 
rous Family of fmall Children, wbUll 
the Father was a Prifoner in the K.'>>s's 
Befieh^ his Family was reduced almolt to 
Want ; his Wife and ChildV-en living on 
little better than Bretd and IVattr. B^lt I 
never faw fuch a Change in f.x Mooths 
time, as I did tn this unhappy Family ; lor 
the Children that were always ailing and 
valetudinary, as Coughs^ Grem-fickmtfsj 
IQKg^s-Evil, SfC. were recovered to a Mira- 
cle, look'd frefh, well-colour'd, and luliy, 
their Flelh hard and plump : But, I re- 
member, the Mother told me, it being a 
plentiful Year of Fruit, ilie gave them of- 
ten bak'd Jpphs with their coarfe Hrf/uL, 
which, I think, might very much contri- 
bute to their Health. Aud that tnofl re- 
markable Story of jilexantUr Selkirk, a 
Scotchmsa, who from a leaky Ship was, 
upon his own Recj^aeA, fet on Shoar on an 


land in the South 5f*, callM Ju4fi Vtrn&n- 
desy about the Latitude of jj Degrees, 
vhere he livM 4 Tesrt and 4 Months by 
himfeU alone, and eat nothing but Gosfs 
Fltjb^ and drank Water^ having neither 
Bread nor Salt, as he told me himfelfat the 
Bath, where I met him ; and that he was 
three times as ftrong, by Exercife and fuch 
a Diet, as ever he was in his Life : But, 
when taken up by the two Ships, the Duke 
and Dachefs, let out from Bripd for the 
South Sea, that eating the Ship>fare with 
the other Seamen, and drinking Beer, and 
other fermented Liquors, his Strength by 
degrees began to leave him, like cutting off' 
Sampfin's Hair, Crinitim,{to make a Word} 
or Lock by Lock ; fo that in one Months 
time be had not more Strength than ano- 
Ifacr Man. 1 infert this Relation, to fhew', 
Sthat Water Is not only fufficient to fubfift 
>lis as a Potulenr, but that it liquifies and 
•foncofts our Food better than any fer- 
mented Liquors whatfoever ; and even 
thofe ftrongand fpirituousDriHit/, were it 
not for the jvdtrj Particles in them, 
would prove altogether dcftruftive, and fo 
far from nourifhing, that they would in- 
flame and parboil the Tuniclcs of our 
Stomachs; as is daily feen, and cfpecially In 
the Livers of ff.olt Claretcers, and great 
JPriokers of other lUong Liquors, &c. Not 



but that a little of thefe fpirkuousLiqaori 
may be of Ufe fomctimes, in phlegmy and 
cola Conflitutions, but the conltant Ufe is 
I tjS pernicious Confequcn(;e ; for we are lU 
fo blinded and mifled by Cujiom and Exsm- 
_fie^ as to tA\ie Mxi Cdufi fro Caufd; for wfl 
ll^ink that the l^^fne warms us, when, alas I 
iWc warm the Wia* : For the Spirits In 
iihe Wine IHr up the natural Heat to iGt, 
rvhich increafcs the Circulation which gal- 
Dps on, and flutters in the Blood, till *tis 
un out of Breath, and fpent, evaporates 
'^knd infenfibly goes off in Perfpiration, c^f. 
I'Now this HiiMt, which every merry Bout 
"drinking raifes, is taking from the Stoekf 
d robbing the BMk, which Nature has 
hid up in our Conflirutions, as a Fiiiid of 
Heat, if rightly husbanded, to fcrve the 
dnimAl loo Years ; but when by UviUhand 
bnneceflary Expcnce, 'tis fyuibPd and fir'd 
' "^ by Drunkenncfs, and other Irregulari- 
:s; his Tenement daily dilapidates, the 
liManyZfr/witi, and grows old, mtherj, and 
&IIs (>f, e'er half the Time be cxpir'd, 
lllowM him even by the fliort Jem/b Cal- 
ulationofThreefcore and Ten. 
This Truth is every Day's Exferience in 
r Friends and Neighbours \ but wiTliog < 
the Elofom of our Fears, wc arc loth to ' 
bring it home ro oarfiives, and make it oar 
own Cafe, but drink on, until Difeafcs (as 

APPENt>fX. 4.^5 

the Wife Man fays o{ Poverty) come on us, 
like an armed Man, with all the difmal 
Views of Pain and 5/cA»e/i;together with the 
fad Retrofpe6:of a vicioust'/f, where we fee 
che Ruins and Breaches of a (once) good 
Conftttation, too wide to be rcpair'd ; and 
' Nacurequite tired oat withher Office o(Se4- 
•vengeTy fo often to unload our repeated De- 
SutucheSy till at taft (he finhs under the fil- 

P^ Borthe/t ; and when too late, we cry 
t, with the Herd of Fools, Why did I 
fpife Inrtruflion ? Why was I not wife 
For, alas t when the Organical Parts of 
flic humane Fr<ttne areinjur'd,and the whole 
"Regulation and OEconomy is out of T«ffp, 
the Soul^ the Organirt that plays upon them, 
makes but harlh and unpleafant Mufck; 
for a Defe£^ibn on either fide fpoils the A/t- 
iodyof the whole. So well is that Saying 
of the Phiiojhpher : 

NuMiaif iiiftir vemrmdum (it meiktt- 
meriy qao non Corporif Jed ^ Animi re- 
ditite^atur Upfus ; ^uippe a fe invicem it a 
pendent, at aniiu inimicmj *lieriusjn hofiii. 

And here to begin with fome Cures 
done by the force of Htst from the hot 
Pamp, where che hotted Baths will not reacb 
the Dinemper, that it lies deep among the 
Mafcies, oris o/dznd chrome, I have often 
fccn the EfTefls of pumping, to a Miracle ; 
G g And 


And to inftance, a Man of ^nUiy, who had 
•;ft)r fome Years an aching and gnawing Pain 
'in \mArm^ a little above the Mufcle B'- 
ce^Sj who had tryed Ointments, Plaiftcrs, 
[ ,Fcmenutions, Bliftcriog, Purging, and 
Bleeding, (and all the Train of Do-llittle<0 
to no purpofc: At h^ he came to the 
Bath, and began with 200 Pumps, and 
increafed every day a Hundred., until he 
came to 1 500, or near 2000 ; and whe^ 
f' he found the Pain to abate, he receded, an^ 
"abated the Strokes of the Pump gradually, 
' IS he began. And 1 faw him fome Year^ 
gfter, and he told me, he continued wd'^ 
'tho' in great I'rolh he had a little Remem- 
brance of it, but fuch as was tolerable, an4 
generally went off with xhtThnrv. 

By the good Management under a Couri?' 

' -of Pumping, I have feen very great Cur^^ 

pcrform'd, as, namely, in the Sciatica^ of. 

H'p-acftes^ one memorable was in a Gentlcj 

man of IreUadj who liv'd in moll intole^ 

Table Pain; and he yielding to that fide iq 

walking, it had drawn him crooked; H^ 

' pump'd at lead from 500 to 2 or joco, bj* 

* which he h^d fome Ed/e, but was notcurec 

At laft I advifed him to ufe Cafpi/^ witk 

Urge Glaffes, which, he faid, he had fo^ 

hierly done, but re inftcli ; But, however. 

I advlfcd him to try it again, upon warnta 

ip^ th? Part well with the Pum}^ and thcf 



apply 'em ; which had a wonderful Effeft, 
for, by doing that two or three times, he 
was perfeflly cur'd ; and, I think, that two 
of thofe Cuppings were dry, without Scar- 

Sir Thom.-ts Milevrier, a Gentleman of 
Torkpjire^ had a great and an old Pain upon 
his Hip, from a Fall he receiv'd in Hunt- 
ing : He came to the Bath, and from ba- 
thing he fell [o pumping for fix Weeks or 
two Months together ; the Pain fome- 
■whac abated, but his Hip and Thigh pro- 
dtgioufly fvveird, and grew foft ; it fo wa- 
fted, and'robb'd the rert of his Limbs, and 
his whole Body alio, th^t he died of a 
MdT/ifmtfs. Alter his Death we open*d the 
Part, from whence flow'd fome Qiiarts, aC 
leafl: 5 or (5, of an impure f(e:iU corrupt 
Pus; and tlie upper part of the Thigh- 
Bone, Csrks^ and eaten away with the 
acrid corrofive Pas, at leaft 5 or 6 Inches, 
ai^d as black as Ink. His Brother Sir. 
Richard Malrvrier, who fucceeded him in 
his Honour and Eftate, was prefcnt when 
his Thigh was open'd. 

I could give many Inftanccs of great 
Cares done by pumping only ; for the Heac 
of the IVtterj prefs'd by the Weight of ic 
alfo, from a Uore of a large D/nmeier, and 
drawn immediately from the hot Springs 
mull have a great Force and Effeft on that 
G g a Fare 


f&n of the Body on which it fall^ : Efpe- 
jFcially, when it is held and continued, by Us 
k Weight and PrefTure, the Fart muft befo 
i extremely xvAfn^A^ as either to Icatter and 
Ldifpcrfethe offending mor h id Muter ^ orelfc 
[ $iia and dijfolve it, fo as to make it capi- 
\h\& oih^a^^bforl'd into the circulatory. 
\ Veflels, and feparated by the Secretiomi 
L as to be carried off eitlier by "Orine w 

A memorable Cafe hereof, wa$ of so Al- 
, derm4» of Bttb^ now living i it is near, ifi 
, not complete ao Tears fmcc ; And I have; 
caufe to remember the Time, for 1 was fai 
very ill myfelf with he6itcal HeMs, [ogether,] 
with a H*moftoe, that we ufed to comparo^ 
Notes, and condole each other, as fearing] 
• that we were both in the high Road to th^! 
Crave, and that our Journeys-end was noci 
far off. He connplain'd of a great Pain ii^ 
his Uick^ which feem'd to lie deep, an4 
ibot into his Side ; which Pain was fo iharpy 
'and pungent, that he could not deep, tooH 
off hisAppetite,and brought him fo very loi*^ 
that, with yielding and ftoopingto it, bi 
went as if crooked : He had the Advice Q 
feveral Phj/fieUas, his Friends, for he is i 
Jfothecary himfeU, an honeA Man, 81 
well belov'd ; they try'd all probable Meai 
as Bieeding^ Purgiagy &c. but all in vai 
nothing would da, or give him the teal 


APT END IX. 4-^9 

Eafe or Relief; moil fuppofing it an fmpo- 
flumation,an Abcefs breeding, Atlengrb of 
his own Head, proprio (mpu/fu^ he refolv'd 
upon trying the t'uwp to the Extremity, 
and, I think, he told me, that from 500 he 
proceeded to 2000, and fo on to 3000 
Strokes of the Pump, with a CoutwaMdo : 
The extreme Heac made him fomewhac 
fever/jb, but liill he bore it, aod went on, 
until at length his DiHemper yielded to the 
Cure. I thought to have had this moft me- 
moiabic Htfiory^ with many rare and nice 
Circumllances in it, under his own Hand, 
bitt forj^ot to delire it of him when I was 
lart at the Bsih ; but, in the main, it was' 
the Paw/", and nothing but the P«7w^, to 
whicli he owM his Care, and confequently 
his -^(/f- And, doubiiefs, in many Chronical 
old Jchis and Bruijh, iVlcn might receive 
much more Benefit than they do, would 
they have Patience and Pcrfeverance ; but 
fuch is peoples Harte, that if they have roc 
a perfe^i: Cure in a Week, two, or three, 
they neglect, grow weary, and totally a- 
bandon any farther Tryal, and Eflays : For 
the Weight of Water from a Spout or Pump 
of a large Diameter, has done wonderful 
Cures as well from the cold as the hot i-Va. 
t«ri, according as the Cafe, either hot or 
cold, requires the Application of liiofe con- 
trary aud oppofite lluiUtiu \ tho' the re- 

cciv'd Axioms are fmilid Jimilihm fd/tanttir, 
^ coritrArUcontriri^ curantur^\uh\cU in fomc 
Cafes, are both in force^ and both ufed, pro- 
duce fometimes the contrary EfFcfts, as 
hot or warm Apphcations to a hoc or io- 
flam'd Pare, where it is neccfTary to open 
the Pores^ and give the bilioms hoc Pdrtic/es 
and Steams room and hberty to evaporate, 
and fly o/,- which has allayM and coolM 
the cutaneous Mwera or Ferments, which 
were lock'd, and glu'd in the choak'd-up 
MeataSj and Pores o( the Slcin and Glands^ 
when a cold Application would have con- 
trafted, and ftop'd, to the increafe of the 
Inflammation, and perhaps (as verv often 
it has done) brought on a Montjiciition ; 
and, contrarily, 1 have feen, that in a cold 
phlegmy adewuous Tumor, fuch as are of- 
ten on the Kjie<-^ call'd a White SweHitig, 
hath been cured and difcufs'd by a Weight 
of cold Heater pump'd on it, with other 
proper Applications ; which, if it proceeds 
not from a Spi/ta t'emoja, and Cartes nf the 
Bonfy does rartly fait ot Cure. A late Hi- 
llory hereof I ihall, for the good ol thofc 
that have, or may have fuch a Misfortune, 
fairly llaie and relate, &c. 

Bookfeller s Son, aged about 25, had a very 
large White Swelling on his/C«« ; after the 
Tryalofmany Applications, to no purpofe, 


AP P ENDIX. 44.1 

le came to the Bml/, and there, for a long 
:ime, ufed the Pump ; But finding little or 
no BencBt, I advii'ed him to try what eoU 
l^aier would do, and either to hold his 
X/iit under the ImU of an over-fhot Milf- 
Streum, or fome very cold Pamp, whofe 
ffpout had a large DUmeter^ and to do this, 
^ he had Conveniency, twice in a day ; 
,and, going to Bed, to wrap a large Towei, 
(fmtt in a Dccoflion of OAk-bari, Lime-Jione 
(Well burnt and flack'd in the fharpeft old 
yerjaice: By the Continuance of which 
Jbme little time, he threw by his Crutches^ 
and walli'd all the Town o'er with an un- 
;^er-hand Stick ; and I hear fince, that 
£e walks without any Stick at al). I 
gave Sir John Vbytr an Account of this 
Igreat {jind^ I may fay, anexpeiJed Cure) but 
5e was of the Opinion, that the Remedy 
.was more owing to tlie Lime and Verjuice 
Oak-hdrk, than to the cold Water. Now, 
if any are fo curious as to make the Expe- 
riment, if fingly, they (hould not fucceed, 
they may try ihem jointly afterward, with- 
out any hazard ; Tho' I am of the Opi- 
nion, that that Application of the Bark^ &c. 
both warms the Part, and difcufles alfo, 
after the Ufe of the cold Water, which I 
very much doubt would not have done 
without it ; for the Preffure and Cold, (q 
jery foi'cibly laid on, mult awaken and pir 



up tlie Spirits to x£t, as is fecn by the Glow- 
ing and Warmth in the Part after pumpingy 
tho' no Heat in the leait perceptible before: 
And I am alfo perfuaded, that the AppK* 
cation of Siwif, to fo cold and phlegmya 
Part, might do almoil tlie fame thiog, be- 
fore the Ufe of the Bark and Lime, &c for 
as in cold Coaatrtes^ when hrxumyd and 
frozen^ they lirft rub the Parts with Ham^ 
before they will fuffer *em to come into 
their Stoves, or approach the Fire : Of 
which CuAom, among the Northern Peo- 
ple, Fdrtetitt HiUabus gives many In- 

But a wonderful Cure, by a coatrary 
Method of a large teiemttotu tumor in the 
VOw^)*asperform*don the lionourableCapt 
Edofard Nevdy Commander of a Man of 
War, Brother to the Right Honourable pbc 
Lord Abergsveny; the Part wa» at firll $»- 
fism'd by the Application of a C'tt^ptofm 
made of the hot amifcorhuac Plants, fuch a* 
Garden Scuri'ygrtfs, Garden Cnff^ Hffrfe- 
Radtjh, Erjjimara, Trifoiiarr^ Pttittdojam^ and 
fuch like Plants, which very much inilam'd 
it. The next day they took away about 
ao Ounces of Ulood ; two days after Phle- 
botomy he was purgd, and fo every other 
day, or two days the Purge repeated ; 
and, on his Kpee apply'd a Flaifter of dt 
Ranis e zVifrc«r;o,aod e Muctit^imhus^ mix'd, 

W APP ENDI X. 44^ 

with a pretty tight broad Bsndsge of Lin- 
nen, infomuch that the next Morning* af- 
ter the Bleeding and firft Purge, his Kjk< 
fubfided, and funk in the Circumference at 
lead fcveo or eight Inches i and, by re- 
peated gentle Pargdtiom, and a fpare low 
Dietj in about three Weeks, or a Month at 
mod, he was as iveS as ever he was in his 
Liff, and walk'd abroad without the lead 
Hdliiag or LAmenefs. This Cafe is yet well 
reineinberM by his noble Brother my Lord 
Bergtveuy, and Mr. Middkton a Glover ia 
FUetfireetf at whofe Houfe helode'd. This 
is the Sum of what I now remember of this 
great Cure, confidering that the Captain had 
the Swelling growing upon him fome Years. 
What was farther done than what is here 
related, may be feen upon the File at Capt. 
fV«*j's Shop on Ludpatehiliy who was hia 
apothecary, 2nd atteaded him thro' the whole 

B^Tho' this ExperioKat fucceeded very 
Hnl, yet lee Men be very cautious bow 
Maey attempt a Cure by this Method ; for 
' an Ifififnmation eafily falls into a Mortis 
fcation^ cfpedally in an ill ti^it, and mor- 
bid Bodj/^ and then it may come to a ii^h 
would have thought it '. Bot the otlier Cure 
by coid Pumping^ &c. is very fafe, and eafy 
10 be eday'd, without Hazard or Dan* 

H b Several 





KD^ J 

Several great and conriderable Cures havsl 
been dooc upon mnicMt Perfons, even where 
tiv DiAra^on has been TAviagy and all , 
Hopes of Recovery given over, and alt d 
ufual BeiUm Methods have been baflTdj 
and the Patient funk., and brought low^ \ _ 

^ often HleediKg, and neediefs PurgAtiomSj oi'" 
ly by a fpare DUt of chiefly Fruiis and 

' kootij but always keeping the HeM tool 
in that Diet, or elfe that affo will not do : , 
A Hiftory of which I here gice you, com* 
municated to tne by aGemteoun oi Scot*} 

• Uody one of the Lords of the 6'^£w, IVJ 
SecfjS, a Civilian, who was an Eye-wiui 
neis to the Cure. 

A Ship, belonging to SweielmA^ was, in 
the Winter-time, calt away upon the Nor- 

' thern Pan of the Sc^ch Coaft, but moft of 
the Mm were (by the AffiQancc of th( 
Inhabitants) fAv*d : Some of thcfe poa 
Seamen being {helter'd and relievM by tbj 
Charity of a Gentleman in a Village, then 
chanced to be at his Houfc a Brother, d 
iome near Relation, difirtHed. and ravinj 
w/, inforauch chat he wa$ bound in hi 
Bed^ and bad been fo for ibmc confiderabfi 
time ; fome of thefe Seamen told them 
chat if they would make him wear a C^ 
fiird with Sbovpj and as it melted to reple^ 
BiQi it, it would in a iktie time caufe hint 
CO jleef J which bad the defircd Efe£i .- And 


^B awak'd very calm and fober, and, by a 
■ a little time pcrfevetiog in this Method, he 
was perfeftly eartd ; only had the Misfor- 
tune of having a fi>.-ifmod:c ContraftioD oq 
one fide of his F^ce^ from the Extremity 
of the coU Snocf in over-doing it : And 
the Do^r told me, that after thU he had 
known two or three more cured by the 
I (ame Method ; and I have been credibly in- 
^^brm'd by a Gentleman, Vtde Mgrnis^ that 
|be knew one in that Dillemper pcrfe£lly 
Beared, by eating jifffits for a Months and 
nothing elfe ; and that they kept him loofe, 
and Ibluble, all the time : Not that I think 
that this, or any other Method, would 
cure all forts of msmc4l People ; for fome 
forts of MadoefTes are certainly incurable: 
And there are more forts of this Di- 
flcmper than of any one Diftemper what- 
focver. So that the Method of Curt Jhould 
be confuked from the Caufey without which 
we fiioot at rovers, and work in the dark , 
and in luch a Cafe the Phjfcidu is more 
^Biad than his Patient : So that this cold 
^pMetbod is much fitter for the unruly, and 
Proving, tlian the melancholy Madncfs, efpe- 
ctally, if aoy religious Defpairtng be in the 

A young Man troubled in Mind, from an 

unknown Caufe, was ac ti,T% for ^rae 

time, fuUiff. and mtUneboh ; afterwards, he 

Hh« IcU 


fell into an unruly Farj^ and Ravsngj who 
after gentle Bleeding and Purging, a cool 
iparc Diet, the Ufeofcold Immevfion, fre- 
quently walhiog his Head with a Deco- 
ction of Sedam, Endivey Cttborf, cofnmOQ 

' J^i^hjhade, Purjlmn^ and tettitt^ cold, ad 

' lying hard^ and thiity without a Op, wai 
perfef^ly cured in three Month's ctine 
without any Relapfe. 

Mr. 'Thomas Hohkf, a Gentleman of great 
Honour and Integrity, told me. That tbs 
VioU Tricolor^ call'd Heart's-Eafey hath cu- 
red many mad People, to his Knowledge, 
by drinking the Juice, and alfo the Heri 
(leep'd in their Tahle<driak ; and deliredi 
fne to try it, and to give him an Account 
of the Effi:€ts of it ; but as yet I have not 

1 had an Opportunity. Tho* I have pro? 

I pos'd the Ufe of it to thofe who have had 
the Management of People under thofe Cir* 
icumftances, but, thro' Want of Faith, ei- 
ther in the f^trttie of the P/«»/, or fomc 
A4iftake in the Relation, they negle£led 
the Hxperimenr, not conceiviog how fa 

' fimple and taftelefs a Plant could perforai 
ib great a Cure, as to fedate and quiet the 
■Furor and Juxy of the Spirits, aad preter- 
natural Ferments of the BUod j nor con- 
'iiderfDg the occult Qualities both ofPiaats 
p^^od Minerals, which the befl £aquircr 

^miA dee] 
■ never aci 



_jd deepeft Peeper into MiS-ftones could 
never account for. 

Tis evident, the great Effefls of the 
PeruvUft Bark, io tatermicting Fever/^ and 
other Cafes, lies out of the Reach of our 
Scrutiny ; for, other Barh and Roots arc 
more fiiptick and bitter, &c. than that^ yec 
will hardly reach to a Saccedanium ; fo it 
inul^ forever lie in the dark till Sohmc/i's 

Th^ d Thing is, Md does, tse kaow^ 
But bow, And why, 
Btffits cur mAk Philofophy. 

But to proceed on the Good, that jw^m- 
caI People have received from a cool Regi- 
men, and cold Application externally ; alto 
I fhall here give an Account, what my in- 
genious Friend, and moft knowing Bota- 
nift, Mr. 'JAmes Petiver, hath received from 
a learned Scotch Phyfician, Dr. Blair of 
Cotvpery in Angus^ in North BritAtn. 

This Man was fo raving mad^ that he 
was bound in Fetters; having firft tryed 
all Evacuations, ufual in fuch Cafes, toge- 
ther with Opiats in great Quantity, but to 
no purpofe, I, at length, plung'd him ex 
improvifoy into a great Vcffel o( cold IVater^ 
and at the fame time throwing on him, 
with great Violence, ten or twelve Pails 


fuU of cold Water on his Head ; but tbc 
not fuccceding, the next day having the 
Coiweniency of a Fall of Water, about half 
a Mile off, I caus d him to be placed in a 
Cart, and fhipt from hisCloaths; and, be* 
ing blindf||tU, that the Surprize might be 
the greater, let fall cm a fudden a great 
Fall or Rufh of Water, about 20 Fool 
high, and continued him under it as long as 
his Strength would well permit : This fuc- 
ceeded fo well, that after his Return home, 
he fel) into a detf Sleep for the fpaee of 29 
hours> and awaken'd in aquiet and ferene 
State of Mind as ever, and fo continues to 
this day, it being now about Twelve 
Months fince ; but in fome hypoeboiidiUc 
and parslytic Cafes, I have not fouod it to 
fijcceed fo well. 

Alfo a B07, about 15 Years of Age, 
feiz'd with a ParapUgUy who, after feve- 
ral vain Attempts in hot-dry, and hot- 
wet Baths, Semt-Capiums, S^z. and totally 
deprivd of the Ufe of his Limh^ and alio 
emaciated, 1 at length had recourfe to the 
cold Immcrfioo, whereby fome fmall Symp- 
toms of Recovery began to appear : His 
Parents defuing farther Advice, brought 
into Confultation with mc the learned 
Dr. PiscArne of Edwbourghy unto wtram I 
wrote, that all the Hopes I had of recover- 
ing him, was, by proceeding in the cold 


Regimen of Bathing, as he was now in : 
Ot which the Doctor approved ; but fai* 
thcr advifed ihc (Utdrafl, or Fall of Water, 
from a MiH, to which I confcnted ; it ap- 
pearing realbnablc^amii/V/, from thegrcatcr 
Force and PrcfTurc ; fo placing 4| hoy un- 
der the Dcfcent of the Water- falfabout 12 
or 14 Foot high, that the Water's grcateft 
Force might tall upon that Fart which I 
fufpe£^cd to be the mikefl^ and kept bin 
under it about the fpacc of three Minutes 
the HrA time, and fo daily lengthoing the 
time Co fevcn or eight Minutes, allowing 
fome few Intervals in this cMidrdlfie^ 
Courfc 5 the Boy, in a very little time, re- 
covered, and was as brisk and nimble as 
ever he was in his Life. 

Now to requite Dr. Blair for his great 
Cures done by Cataracts without, I will tell 
faim of a greater Cure done by Catara^^s 
fpithin-doors, if I may fo ufc the ExprcfTion ; 
for a great Fall of Water is a 0/*r4^, whe- 
ther within the Body, or without it. But 
to rvAvi Words, and come to tlic Hiflory, 
it is this : 

Sir Thema4 tVitheriy, wlicn he was Prefi- 
Mentof the the College of Phyficians,L(i#- 
^«, was plca&'d to entertain fomc of the 
Felhwj at the Board with this following 
moft furprizing Story of an hydropical 
Cure. I'hat Water {houid expcU Water, and 


that a drowoM Man Iliould be brought ta 

f Life by being more drown'd, is a Mindt 

I beyond any of S. Wtmfre£s, 

I A certain Wint-Cooper^ that had beeaa 

I free Ijvei>. fell into a Jiandice^ thence, as 

i the ufua^nge is, into a Dropfj, the Afcites\ 

be apply'dfor Help to Sir Thomss Witlmlj, 

then Phyfician to King Cbtrtes II, he, as he 

laid, treated him in all the ufual Methods 

pra^icable in fuch Cafes, but nothing 

would do : He made little Urine, grew 

dron'fy and dfihntdtictl^ infomuch that he 

erew weary of his Patient, forefeeiog he 
rould foon die. He defired fome near 
Friend to pronounce Sentence, for a Phy- 
fician fhould never do it himfelf 5 for ihofe 
who are Jdjutores l^iu fhould not be A'eji- 
eii Mortis. In fliort, this Mao was pro- 
digioufly fwell'd, Belly, Back, Sides, ThigfB, 
and Legs. Thus, being paftall Hopes, and 
forfaken by hh Phyfician, and given over 
by his Friends, he defired his Wife to let 
bim die at Ssdler'*s WetU at Ijlingion, to 
which (he confented ; and when there, he 
told her, in that he had always been a kmd 
and loving Husband to her, that fbe would 
grant him one Requeft, which was. That 
having 00 him an ioextinguifbible Thirfi^ 
fhe would let him drink his Fill of thofc 
Waters, and then, that he Ihould go out of 
this World vv'cU fatisHed thac Ibe truly 


rd him ; and if Qie deny'd him, he Ihould 
y a miferable Mm, both in Mind and Bodjf. 
t feeing him fo refolv'd and bent ep- 
ic, and confidering all other Means 
iail'd, confeoted : And, to the be[J of my 
Remembrance, Sir Thomas told uS, That 
from between 4 in the Afternoon and 9 or 
10 at Night, he drank 14 Quarts of Wa- 
ter, and all that time made not one drop 
of Urine ; he fank down^ in the Chatr 
whereia he fate, dead^ as they all thought, 
in a cold clammy Sweat ; thence being laid 
00 the Bed, in half an Hour's time they 
heard fomething make a fmall rattling 
Noife, like a Coach on a diftant Gravel- 
way; and fooa after he began to pifi, and 
ptji''d in an Hour's time about 7 or 8 Qtf»rts^ 
aj)d had alfo, from the Weight of the Wa- 
ter, two or three Stools : He began to Ipeak, 
and defir'd a little warm S«i, which they 
gave him. He fell into a profound Sleepy 
in which he both fmai^ and dribbl'd his 
Vrim all that Night. The next day he 
drank, by degrees, about 4 or ^ Quarts of 
Water more, and had two Stools more, 
thin and waterilh, but dill piji'd on, and 
drank on, more or lefs, for ti?e or fix days 
together, taking alt that while nothing for 
Food but thin Mution Brothy and fometimes 
a little Sack, and fo recover'd. Now do 
iMan upon Earth, in his Senfes, would have 
I i prefcrib'd 



prercrib'd fuch a Water- courfe to cure 
Droff^ ; which ftitws how little we kno 
QiNAture^ aad the great Uncertainty ofoue 

And to this Cefe may be aptly appl)' 
thefe LiflC!) : 

A Mfdicine msy hit * DifcMfe goae *jffr^, 
iTiit^' untiiiftly frtlerih'd^ quite out of tbtWt}i 
He enkpcivn u the Caujs of ex'ery Diftsft, 
Lotlu af in Damt Nature, trho uone kup 
. tb« KpP- 

$iftf m mite in tke^tigk, jet .pE^rik i 
-,,;**« Dark, ■:>• 

Afid^ a'l not A Chduce then if wt itr bi 

thf AUrk ? 
So * Do£for in mtf^ng is never to hU* 
For^who fboots in tht Dsrk can never tskt A 
So iif that's [a hold hit I'aitcfit to aarrsnt, '■ 
^hfiald i>e ejieetn'd s Hjftck Kpight'EnMt, 

( Tbe Relation of this mofl unaccount^ 
Cure, Sir Thomts fays, had for ever I 
lo(l, if he had not accldeataily met tt 
good Woman his Wsfe about two Yeai 
after; and asking her, how long IicrHi 
band liv'd aticr he had left him ? Sbcr 
ply'd, (to his great AftoniiTimeotl) T* 
he rvas dive uoir, jfte ihmkd GO D, aa 
pointing to a iittle fleader Min (landia 
E^ her, htre he is, this u my Hu/ha 


tk*t rftt your P*ti«Hi, tut rtcovn'd i/j i/tiitg 
hit own Ph)jician ; and lb related ihc Story 
hero mentioned. 

His Son- in- 1 n w, Mr. llromfii'ld^ who mar- 
ried Sir Thnm.u^n D^iUj'.htcr, «n Apoihocary 
\X\Hrot)k-^iiilMmn, I lo/hrrt, had ttie whole 
HiHory of this in Willing, which he 
had from both itio Winc-Coopcr and hii 
Wifi:, &c. 

But how to account for a Cure of this 
Nature, is a pnz/Jinp, Adventure; it being 
done by Addition and Muhipiiution oi' the 
UmeMdtifTy of which moilly ttic Uifraji 
was made : So, If we confult l<i-if<m^ fiic 
tells us, That fuch a Quantity of told WMttr 
fo fad pour'd in, mull quite cxtinguifh the 
natural hlett, which, in all hdropie Bo- 
dies, is too we3l(, low, and languid in it- 
fcir. ad/y, Cold Water cannot amend and 
foftcn an tjblkiid^cd, hard, and iidrihous 
Livor, not' rcftorc a dccay'd and rotten 
OmtniHm, nor the other ^{/(fM, fotldon and 
ftcw'd, (like a C/irpJ in Cldret, and other 
fermented J.ifiunrf, to tlie Dclltuftion of 
their V'finr and 7>x/»rf, and rcndei'J ui)- 
capflblc of cxccutinR their Oflict ; whence 
comes an tjjo'ti (,'A;/f, poor bloody and 
worle ^/i/m;. But if this Story he /i^/, u 
I believe it ii), we mult acquicfcc in otv 
Rearoning<; until the LoKfii»4iiianMi\ Pjc- 
<]uet!> of L>ifcoverics ore ojjciKd ; in tt.e m- 
1 i 3 tedm. 


454 APPEl ^ DIX. 

tcrim, let it remain bound up in the Bailee 
with the reft of the Osculta. 

This following Relation is of a wonder- 
ful Cure done on Mr. H±nh$iTj^ afterward 
Sir Thomiu Haiibury^ near Gketfttr^ by dio 
DireQions and Care of the learned Dr. Kn- 
btrt heiidijt^^ principally perform'd by ihfl 
regular Ufe and AdminlAration of Bttkt 
and Butter-milkj in a true Mar/ifmM, 


TO anfwer your Requefl, conceroing 
the great Cure of a Gentlemao, 'm 
a moft deplorable Cafe, by Name Mr, 
Tf'omis Hinhury of Little MjriiU, ia Here- 
firdfbire^ in An. \6%B. In the Month of 
'^ulj I was fent for to him, aged about 2% 
ox 2j, whom I found feverith to ihe moft 
intenfe Degree, with a violent parchin| 
//fiir, and Thir(l unquenchable, PaZ/equid 
and high, little Urine, and that very nigh- 
colouro ; his Mouth, as it were, fcorch'd j 
two Chaps, or FilTures, the whole Length 
of the Tongue ; the Mufcle of the Thumk 
quite confumed, fo that the P*tm of his 
Piand was all plain ; no Cough, but a con* 
firm'd Mfilte ; and was reduced to a Sielt'' 
$on^ only a Skin hung upon a few Booe^ 
and that drycd, wither'd, and ill colour'd. 
I was informed, that in the Spring he was 
feijed wiih an Jgue^ which cbang'd its 


^^ate two or three times, and, Toon after, 
terminated into a Synochus^ or continued 
Fever : I order'd him all the Vfualia^ as 
in thofe Cafes, as Emulllons, with other 
cooling jf«/f^J» Src. as alfo MuciUges of 
Quince-fieds, Sent. PJyL with Sj/ru^ of VioUts, 
jlq. Lujal.Scc. for the Drynefs and Chaps 
ci his Mou:h and Tongue : But whilft my 
Thoughts were thus employ*d, and, as it 
were, at a Hand what to do, and condder- 
ing his Cafe a true Marafmm, and feeing a 
large Dairy near us, I conceived in myfelf, 
that Batier-Mt/k would anfwer fevcral In- 
tentions, as being coohng, moijiningy and 
rtoari(bing ; and, if to this were added a 
coohttg B*thj madefoft with emollient and 
cooling Plants, it might temper and allay 
the Drought and Heat of the Habit of ihc 
Body, and mufcular Parts; fo a Hath was 
prepar'd with yialet and Sir^wbmy Leaves, 
Cicbory, Endive, PUiitjiae^Wtllsjv Leaves^c?"?. 
I immediately procur'd a GUJi-Charn^ 
btownat the Glafs-houfe at GhceJIer, and 
baving Milk enough always at liand, I or- 
der'd the Nurfe to churn for him frejh 
Butter-Milk, and to let him touch nothing 
eife : Then the Bath being ready, we made 
L it at firft Milk-ivarm, to keep him from 
iffivering, or a Rfgor at his firll going ini 
I '^nd in this Bstb he fat up co the Chi», ana 
|.thcre he remain'd until it began to grow 

45* AF F END tX. 

cold upon him. The firfl time he face ia 
it threcQuancrsofan Hour, then an Hour, 
then an Hour and a half, and fometimn 
longer, is he iaw good, and was bathed 
thus twice in a day. Then J orderd him 
Lincameotsof Oil of Violets, Gam Jr*hic^ 
with Vug, Nutrttuttt, and Woman's Milk ; 
with thiti they anointed his Bick-boae^ and 
7(w»/i,8n:. after bathing. And in thisCourfc 
be coniinucd fcven Weeks, taking nothing 
but Baitrr-mili!. And when he began to 
dcfire fome other Fooiy I then order'd him 
a Draught made of the Tolk of an ^, 
Rofr'iviiir^r\di a little Sag^r and Nutmegs and 
juil taking oft the Cotd, let him drink it; 
which Draught pleasM him well : And I 
told him, that he might take it at any 
titnc. Soon after I order'd him, firrf, 
(to give by Degrees) the Juice of Meat, 
filch as Cbtckea^ Ved^ Limb, &C. taking ofF 
the Fat, alfo 'jdlies of Ham-horn Ivary^ 
with a little Orange and Sugar, drc. 

But now a new Trouble arofe, his Sto- 
mtch coming on, and his hecVical Heat 
going off, his Legs were fweli'd like Blad- 
ders halt fiil'd With Water ; for this 1 or- 
krd a Decoclion of Sdrfa and Cbiu* with 
^arflty Roots and Currants, to drink no 
Walt Liquors, eat Water-gruel with Rai- 
allo Puddings made light of Bread, 
Lpr flower, without Suet, but with KaiOos; 



alfo Flummery, and Milk-pottage ; to ufe 
gentle t'ricattotts, and fomttimcs to cat a 
boiled Chicken with Soncl Sauce ; and fo, 
by Degrees, to proceed to fiiongcr Meats; 
but never to eat his Fill, and always to rife 
iirom Table with lomc Remains of an Jp- 

This Method fuccccdcd fo well, that he 
daily got Strength : At the Knd of j4t/£aji 
he brought mc fame Miles on my Journey. 
This GeatlemM was fincc Knighted, twice 
married, and had IJfue by both f-^e/i:er\ 
and, I believe, may bcyecliving. If you 
have any new Cafes of Moment, either in 
hot or co!d Bathing, or otherwife, be plea- 
fed to communicate them to your old 
Friend, and hunablc Servant, 

Rolcrt Feiiding. 

This, to give this judicious Pbyfician h» 
due, was a wonderful Cure, wifely con- 
certed, and with Patience profccutcd : 
Had this poor Gentleman fallen into fomc 
Hands, how had his Suul, long fincc, been 
hmh'd out with Wo/w's ? How many Hods 
of Difpenfary Hodge-podge had been car- 
ried in ? How many litfetafur\ and Rt- 
petdMer's ? How many Smgalitj fieands, 
ttrlUy & qutrtM qusf^ue HorA'a^ had he 
been peltfd into his Grave wirh ? And, 
Uftly, l\kc i Horf; perhaps buried without 

niSj T Was 
•r, which 

his Hide, and encear'd in a Sheet oi Blijiif 
ing PUiJlert for his Shrowd. 

The afi cf Mr. R. Hetmes, Jan. of 
Bury 5/. Edmonds. 
'' Was taken very ill, and, in all' ' 
Appearance, it feem'd to be 
a Fever, which continued upon me for fix 
Weeks : All proper Means being ufcd to 
remove it s which, indeed, it was, although 
not altogether fo effedually as could have 
been wilhed. The Dillcmpcr falling into 
my Occiput, where tt fcemed as if there had 
been a Lance iiruck into it, which caufed 
me to have a fainting Fit almoft every Mi- 
nute. Thus it remained for nine Months 
without intermifijon ; and then it returning 
to lis former Shape and Form, fiom which 
it was diverted for fome time : But at tall 
fell into my Abdomtn^ which fwcli'd very 
much every Night at fix a Clock ; and by 
feven in the Morning it was not to be per- ' 
ccived. From my Ahdomtn it fell into my 
i'fgs, which fweird alter the fame manner : 
From thence it went into my Hack, and 
Vreters, and was there fo very violent, thac 
1 could not make above a Spoonful of Vrine 
at a time, and that with the greatest Fain 
imaginable. Thus it abode for fome time; 
aud then, by the Uireflion of a Pf/jficUn, I 
went into a Hot Buh, made of Herbs, 



Hilk, &c. which, after I had done it onc^ 

femoved the Difcafe into my Chefi^ and 

pere, every time 1 made Urine, tyed me 

3 fo much, that I could not breathe ; ia 

Porture it was for ten Days: And 

I made its Removal into my Back and 

inters again, where, not being able to bear 

, I came up to Loadon^ for the Advice of 

tr.SIoanej who order'd me to go down 

> the Bar*, and drink the 14^ atcrs ; which, 

xordingly, I did, and found Relief by 

1 during the Time I was there : Bur, 

Murning Home, was taken with a Flux, 

[^hich put me into great diforder ; and in 

I fhorc time after, I loft the Ufe of my 

X-f and IO*ees, ib that I could neither 

Sand or kneel for nine Months, tin, by the 

dvkcoiDv.Craske, I went into the CoU 

Uth, which, after two Months Continu- 

of it every Day, I found myfelf fo 

%)l as to walk almoft a Mrle ; and then 

ig it every other Day, till I found my- 

as well as ever ; and have not had, a 

Month's Sicknefs fince, unlefs the Smtd Pojc, 

which is now almoft three Years ago. 

R. Helmesj Jun. 

I Tbe other Cure Trrtm^ht kf tbt C(AiA Bath, i 
upoH Mri. Taylor, a j<m»g GentUmmaiW 
ihu kodrdeA tC mj father's.. 

AT the Beginning of her lllnefs, 
was kxix^ with violent Pains of hi 
Bstk^ Limbs., and Hesd, fo tliat fhe coul 
pot fleep Night nor Day, but was 

^nual TarmeHt, and fo very cold, that the 
ftrongert Corduls which could be made 

P'would not bring her lo a natural Hcu; 

I and, in a Week's time, with the Agony 
iof thcfe Pains, (he fell into ftrong EfiUpm 
and Ccnvulfoa Fits, which drew her Mouth 
and Eyes on one fide ; and when ihcfe ftu 
were going off, (he would foam at the 
Mouth, and talk as infenfibly as any delti' ' 
ous Perfon ; In this manner (he remain' 
for fome time ; all proper Remedies 
appty'd, but not finding much Relief 
them, was advifed by Dt.CtmIu to go 
to the Cold B»thy which, accordingly, 
did ; and, in two Months time, with 
Help of fome Medicines that (he took, \ 
feftly recover'd her, and hath been vi 
well ever fince. 

This Mrs. TAylor was a Geatlewoi 

of Tirmouth. 

The Young Man hJmfelf writ and gave 
tne both thefe Relations : fiuc I have re- 

AP f ENVI X. 461 

lived fincc a Letter from the learned and 

gcnious Phylician Dr.CVai/Yhimfelf, with 
; whole l*inccfs of the Cure, with all 
; rational Phurmdcfutic Steps he cook in 
the Cure of both tlicfc Pstientt ; but they 
arc too long to iafcrt in this thort Jppta- 

And now T am upon that grand Eiixir, 
the Phytician's AmiMntcren, the renowned 
Liquor iiutier-mtlkj I mull here aflurc the 
Reader, that fcvcral, to my own Know- 
ledgC) have been cured of Flufhrn^s, preter- 
natural Httts^ and I'omc of contirtn d He- 
ilits^ by the much Ufc of liutter-miik ; 
whereof Mr. Thomas Hohby gave IcvciaJ 
Inilanccs in his own Neighbourhood ; and 
that two of his own Tenants were cured 
of Hffl/e Ftvirt by drinkinp of Bittttr- 
milk ; but whether they drank it ntiv^ or 
fovfn, I forguc CO ask him. 

Sir "John Hodgkw!^ late Maftcr in Ch*n. 
irry, and Prtfident of the Royal Saeiitj, told 
mc, that, ot his own Knowledge^ divers 
Perfons have been cured both ot Hdiics 
and Phthifics by tlie folc Ufc of }iutttr-mill.\ 
and that in /jr(f//c4/ Cafes, where the Heat 
was much, and their Thirft more tatrnfty 
there Btttttr'Wi/k a little /?<i/f and jmre was 
bcft, but, in a Phthtfietl Hahit, fwecr 
Buttif'mU/:, new churn'd, did more nou- 
K k 3 ritl), 

iV63 A?? ENVIX. 

rifb. and alfo did fomewhat mitigate aa<l 
allay their Cough better than foivre. 

Thus Butter milk, Whey^ and alfo Milk- 
pieMs of all forts, keep the Biood calm, 
quiet, and upon an Aqutpotfe with thoi 
Solids^ in which confifls the true State o£ 
Heslth : And in this Ro/id^ Life may Jogg 
on in a fober travelling Trot 150 Years j 
and, at laft, unwearied, come into his Ina 
(ooly and fall aflecp without a Grodn, and 
depart as eafily on a BoArd as on a Bfd. 
WhilR the Drunkurd makes Matches in bis 
own BomlSy and fets his Blood to run Hacet 
round her own Padoc, fo many Heats a 
Bottle, Ride and Ruh, id eft, fmoak a P'pe, 
and (ir/«(&, till poor Nature's run out of 
Breath, and off her Speed, before the Man 
is 90 ; and then good Night Nicolas, for 
IShkjMded^ and can hardly keep np to a. 
Foot-pace : And if, thro* fome few re-, 
maining unworn-out Mujchsy j^e creeps oa 
a Year or two more, wiih her dear-bought 
Companions, Goat and Stone, tofmeak&ni. 
repent in the Intervals of Paia and periodi. 
cal Torture, this is all that can be expeSed 
from fuch z foo/ijh, JhaHow Heiffbo-uer out )rf 
the World. 

I could give cndlefs Accounts of good 
Health, and Length of Days, enjoyed by, 
thofe who do early put in Execution a; 
cool, fober, and temperate Life ; and fome, 



who have lived very freely, have help^ and 
amended a bad Hahit^ by tacking abour^ 
and iieering a new Courfe of Life. 

To\j Purcell, Efq; Governour of Dum- 
canno^ Fort, near Wat erf or d in Ireland, hath 
drank nothing but Milk, and cat Breads 
for above the Space of 20 Years, which 
has cured him of the Qout, which was on 
him many Years mod fevercly. 

Mr* WiUiam Mafiers, Merchant in Cork^ 
drinks nothing but Milky and has recovered 
his Limbs to a Miracle. 

I have had lately fent me feme remar- 
kable Cures in both Jtrophys ^t\A Vlnhtfics^ 
by drinking of Goat^s-mlky where both 
jijfes and Cows have faiPd, 

Mtlk has all along been held not only 
very nutritive^ being the firfl: Food of all 
Animals tliat fuck, but antiheitical alfo ; 
and for that Rcafon we fuppofe, that the 
Irijh, who feed much upon it, are general- 
ly freed from pulmoniac Coughs, and Con^ 
fumPtions. And Theophilus Garencieres 
maKes this Obfervation in his Book de Tabe 

Afi^licand : 

Hj/berni folo LaSiis ufu qui ipfis pro potu^ 
dr cibo ejl^ ab hoc malo Ji tuantur ; lac enim 
parte Butjraced optime r/utrit, ^ fanguir^em 
laudabilem generat, parte ferosd pulmonem 
abpergit, d^ Qafeosd ajlringit, qua omnia ad 


fmLmomit rotmr eomjervtiuium^ non ftrvifimt 

And frofli their UBidmMry Ditt, I pre* 
fume, Co few of tbem are ever troubled 
Vtth the ^fwr. 

And I hive heard OrXyfrimtas^ cbcfo- 
mous Luhctomiff, fiy, That he has ob* 
fcnM, thatthofe who eat much Milk znd 
fi^b never are troubled with the S(om» 

The vcrtuous MnXfctlts Psntoti^ the fa- 
mous H'fJftTB Beauty, Daughter of Dr.pM- 
toM^ who, from a florid arid good Habit of 
Hody fccmingly, fell into a Heclie fuddeo- 
ly, thence into a galloping Phthtfu in a ve> 
ry few Months; fiic was advifed to Riding, 
and Jji'^ Milk ; In which Courfe fbc perfe- 
ver\L(lriftly, but it funk her; her hkitic 
and Cr:^6 were inceffant : And a little be- 
fore llic dy'd, faid, Thti Jhe ipo»<ifrV thut 
Phylicians Jbould de^nA fa much ufon AfsV 
h\\\k^ for jbe bsd foMftd, by Ex^ritmce^ tba 
Afsi Milk tf*f dM Ak's Rtmeij. 

I am very well latisfied, that the giving 
of the Bxrk aod Opium In Heclics, and tho 
Beginning of Loughs, has deltroy'd many a 
one ; they thinking the B«f* would give 
a to the W(«r, as the OfUte would to 
the Cotigh : But, alas ! it is, in my Opi- 
nion, quite wrong ; for they (hould take 
fuch things as woulddiluteand promote Ex- 
peOoraiion ; for the tcrU Seram^ a fort of 
a lixiviMl 


1 not dif- ' 


a lixivUt Salty being l^opp'd, and not dif- 
charg'd from the Lun^j, and thrown ofi" by 
touching, which might be made iuft and 
ealy by better Medicines, mud erode, tVet, 
and tear thofc tender thin Skins^ and l^e- 
ficUs of the Lungiy which in time turns to 
VlctrSy aai\ Spitting oi Jilaod^ tho' generally 
the Hd/Moploe precedes the Vlcen ; yet I 
have known many^ who have died with 
large pha^edmout Vlctrs on \.\\c Lungs ^ which 
have conl'umed part oflhc Pdrenehyma, and 
ycc never had any Sputum Sdnguinu ac 

I know that Sugjir, in this Cafe, is 
much condcmn'J by' both Helmoet and Gs- 
riaciercs, and Ibmc others ; ytt they com- 
mend, and highly approve of Sugar of 
Rofii, and quote Jvicenr/4 for't : Mtrif 
LdudilnUy C(mJ¥rVAm Rofaram tjf'ert^ jtque 
■y/j^/jj^ejiiulicrcm cfuandtw Phtilicam memO' 
fMtf de quA coMcUmstum traty qux tamea ejus 
frtqutmi ufu, hom I'olum Sana, verum etUM 
Pifigufj evafit. Sow he attributes tliis to 
the Rojiiy and not to the Suf^ar ; 01; vim 
sbfitrgtndi, d" ajiringendi. And, I pray, 
why not the ^fl^4r f* For he fays, That jbt 
■trew fat. And the Sugar Planters all fty, 
That all Creatures which eat of their t^i/^^r- 
i^amSy at ihcir grinding-timc, wax very 
lai, and tender alfo ; which Teadernefs, he 
t>refumcs, is a foit of t^alrejdUon ■- Tho' 

1 confefs, 


I confcfs, I am no great Friend to the 
much Ufe of Sugar^ efpecially in Fulmo* 
niac Cafes, and flabb/ Lungs ; but fo many 
Arguments pr6 and eon have been banded 
about it, that I will let it reft, till it be 
farther, id efi^ better decided. 

About three or four Years Gncc, the fa- 
mous Mr. William Pen^ Governour of Pen^ 
fihania^ being at the Bath^ I went to pay 
him a Vifit; being very well and long 
acquainted with him, and difcourGng about 
the Indians Manner of curing their Difeafes, 
efpecially Fevers^ by Sweats^ and imme- 
diately bouncing into cold Water ; of which 
I have given his Account more at large, in 
the laft Imprcflion of Pfychroloujia^^. ^12, 
and talking upon this Head, he affured me, 
That a Servant of his there prefent, who 
gave me this Account of himfelf, that being 
long vexed with wandring Pains, efpecially 
when warm in his Bed, and alfo had fome 
AguiQi Acceflions, and finding no Cure 
nor Help by thofe Remedies he had taken, 
and having* good ftore of Water prepared 
below Stairs for wafhing, he, in the height 
of his Pains, leaped from his Bed, down he 
went, threw off his Shirt, and flounced 
into one of the largeft Veffcls of Water, it 
being a very cold Night j he gotoutfoon^ 
and ran thus naked once or twice round 


APP END! X. ^^7 

_ Ost/tim, iind then J'luldenly into ilio 
Wmerflgsin ; (uAot, »tu\ roitml (heO'jr- 
«IfM once or twt'o mnic ; then i.Tl(iri|jj Irom 
h\%(:ttftn'4rti^0T Ihffff, ("for he wwt hin Bur. 
ler) a uiHwl .Swif^F; of ifr.iWr, went to his 
ikd : I'ltit threw him into » moll violent 
A'wM/, which ho contintictt in until cigtic 
01* nine ill the Mortiitic, ; snri not rtliria ai 
urual« a Hctviini Muid coniiim to cull liim. 
Iiollow'd, or rp()l((jvciy Iniul, 8<) Hio ulcd 
to do, (lor he WJ1 </m/ id a Rrcur I 'egicc) 
llio t'elltM' (inl'wcr't) with loinc SliDrpnef-iy 
yb« (WffW Mt>t y/pf /•' tomi^ for I cum hr-ar yim: 
\$^A from thai Mnnicnc rccovofd hit* Hr4r- 
tuff, ind contiiiitcd lb; nv iiro^ wai free'd 
frnm his iVifumntit /**/*», ^nd other Com- 
plainti. J i'uppolu thut ScrVunt muy ho 
livinp; with him Hill. This, to tho heft 
of my Hcnitmhriincc, ii the Whole, or 
■t Icud the !liim, ot the Hebiion 1 h«d 
from both Miilkr nrid Mun, F loolc 
upon ill u vtiy p.rciit ( iiir, clpctinlly bm to 
\m Urdfim ; ny whiihMcjirw, tcvc/it! Iiflva 
K|dfo received tknclit, .xM uunc perfect 
^Kiiro*, which t'lm only fic uccniiturd for, 
■Stiiei l>y rnoiUnin^> rjic hsrd itnd (;on(len»*u 
Cvmmm, or \V«x m ttic E*r^ (which miy 
bo poccini botli in Conliflcncc and (^imn- 
tity) or clle liy ()>'Ui'in^ and nllbdrin^ the 
whole «w''i"i/A>//iw, the rtlaxM 'i)m^*imm 
Wki teltut'd to in Tooo. 



I know, 

468 AP P END IX, 

I know, many in Detfaefs apply hot ao^ 
warm 0//i, which ruin the Drum, and 
other mort curious Orgtns of the Ear 5 
alfo .Sftnts, which are too potentially h« 
and are all naught. I have known in Ci 
fes, where the PVmx haih been too mud 
condens'd, ftifT, and hard, that Pej>y.R(yt 
Water, drawn in a cold Siill^ and dropp^ 
Milk-warm into the Ear going to Bed, am 
ftoppd loofly with a little Cotton, and c 
lie on the oppofuc Side, hath, in a fe« 
Effays, cur'd that fort of Deafmfs froo! 
Wax. Now Penj'Rojsl is a warm aromAiU 
riant, and, perhaps, it might both warm 
and comfort the Nerves^ as well as ibftca 
and relax the condens'd IVax ; by thb M 
lone, I recoverM a learned Clergyman ai 
the Bath laft Summer. I am apt to think 
that plain Element, honeft IVater, mighi 
have done the fame thing, flnce only M» 
fture and Sofming was rcquifite in the CafcJ 
Now, had I nam'd Water only, without tho 
Snaftion of the FJant, it had loft its Elhein 
thro' the Simplicity of its Being, and migh 
' have fail'd of its Efficacy, as to tiK Cure 
tJiro' the Diffidence of the Receiver ; 
being too weak to raife an Idea of Hope 
the 6'o»/, thro* the poor Opinion Men ha' 
of fo weak a Piopofition. Hence 'tis, th_. 
P. P. don't do half thofe Cures as Ptar, 
and Crds Ejet ^ for all Medicines that hat 

■ APPENDIX. 4.69 

^Bot a tnanifefl: Operation, are rais'd or de- 
^^refs*d in their Virtue, according to the 
good or bad Opinion the Patient hath of 
them ; nor does this Power of Opinion reft 
here, but reaches to the Prefcriber and 
Apothecary ahb. And I knew a nice Lady 
that us*d to fay. That her Cordials were 
moft exhilarating,whcn the Boj that brought 
them up, put on a clean Band ; but ner 
P/pifick always work*d molt, when brought 
with a dirtyF«?;but 'twas fureto gripe her 
at fight of his Majier, who had fo homely 
a Phiz., with one Eye, a wry Mouthy and a 
long CV-f/fl, See. Tho' this merry Ladj us*d 
to fpeak thus jeftingly, yet, I believe, fome 
Folks (or rather Fools) in the World are 
weak enough to bepoflefs'd, not with the 
. Jeft, but Eameft of thefe, or fuch Uke ri- 
diculous Trifles : As a certain Bm« once, 
upon a Bowling-green, changM his Tay. 
lor for Betting againfl bim ; and twice his 
Shoemaker, for laying he had a long Heel. 

Now this Inftance of Mr. Pm»'s Man 
running naked round his Garden, leads me 
into a Hiftory of an old Farmer, one of the 
Head of the Yeomanry, who ufed, when 
fuddled over-night, to walk naked, or on- 
ly in his Shirt, until he had cooled him- 
lelf throughly, and not only fo, but till he 
had evacuated his Vrim once or twics alfo 
L 1 2 before 

■—• -' — ^ 

H 4-70 


before he lay down in hk Bed ; aad chev 
next Morniog, with only his Shire aod. 

PShooes on, would rua three or four Turoft 
! round a Field adjoining to his Houfe; n: 
Pput on a Gown, and gently walked, uotil' 
ihc had a Motion ; then drtfs'd, and went 
iriiout his Bufidefs. And this was his confhuiC; 
I Cuftom, ai ok as he was beaced with Hrongii 
ll-iquor. He was a luHy ftrong Man» ofi 
L'a tall Stature, frefb Complexion^ good 
[Teeth, and white ; and I have feen hin> 
[ often to crack Nuts at upwards (rf Eighty. 
[ He had feveral Sons, Men grown, but out^ 
rlivM them : He cnjoy'd perfeft Health" 
F when I knew hioi, but how long be hV'd 
[ after, I know not ; I was then a School 
\ Bey, and it is Hnce 60 Years at Icall. 

This Courfe may not be improperly 
[ called a Bdfieum Aenusiy and ipiiy be oEi 

frcat Ufe to fober People, as well as the 
uddlers ; for running empty, after Steep 
Tand CoDCodion, warms the Uiood and Sfi- 
ffits, aeuates ths C tr c uUt ion ^ fans and cools 
the LungSj helps both Excretiott and Sure- 
tjott ; alj the Care in this, is, not to over- 
do it ; to cool by Degrees, and take care 
of Cold in drcffing, and not to cat ordriok 
' too haftily, after fuch Exercife : It muft al< 
[ ib ftrengthen the Mufcles of the Brcalt,, 
I Back, and Loins, cfpecially, if you fwing 
L^your Arms in running j and daily Expc-, 


mce (hews us^ that Men only tahe cold 
when they rtand or Hr, and not when they 
run or walk fall in cold open Air. 

And a PalTage, very I'uitable to this, I 
read in Dr. Lower's Book, De Mot u Cordis^ 
p. [4.1, 142. and being a Cafe very appo- 
fitc to this, and (hort, I ftiall tranfcribe it. 

Dr. Lomr attributes moft Dilcafes of the 
Head, fuch as JpopItxteSj Lethirgies, Pal' 
Jirs^ as alio Tremors, Dropftes, both oC Head 
and Bicart, to proceed from a Habit of 
Night-drinking, and lying- down with a 
I-oajd of Drink in 'em i fo tliar, for Want 
of Excretion, and pifling it o^\ when the 
Veins and VciTelsare full, and ovcr-charg'd 
with Serum, it (hoots its Channels, and 
gets imo the Head, 8rea(i, and any 
other Ventricles that it can make its Way 
into : So his Advice is, ^«< mala ut effa^ 
gitt aliqaii^ qui bihmdi tamen coafuetudtne 
^fiinere non pt^tefl^ cohJuIo ut non leHo prlaf 
ft traddt qudm confci/ts ftbi faerit fe m*^ I 
ximtm cofjgejH Uquorii eopnm per •vefuamL ' 
iuram reddidtjje^ qutm muha Urgtus,df'citius 
evacuahitf fi vtfitbifs exutit astc pattlalum 
reiaxatis^ aen dmbteeii fe cauie exponat ; 
and brings fome Inftanccs of Cokl provo- 
king VrinCy by contracting the Ai'//», and 
doling the Parej ; Perfpiration being 
ftopp'd. Urine does not only llow foooer, 
i)uc the Ejeiiio» and Force is made ilron- 


ger, and brings off that Sordes and Sskum, 
often iodg'd in the Bladder where the 
Stream is fmall and weali^ which is not on- 
ly the Caufe of a StfUicidium Vfin-g, but 
a Strangury alfo ; and from this Reafon, 
all Creatures, when going into, or pafling 
thro' cold Water, return their Urine pre- 
fently. And here he gives a (hort Hiftory 
of a Fuddlcr, that took a Precaution againit 
this Danger, by not lying down in his Li- 

^it ex cautd hdc (a U£io ahjiiaentia 
frius qukm Urg»m fstis Vriti* copUm reddi- 
dijfe, fecurus effel) aovi qaeadam PoeuU ad 
fir Am flcrattique noSiem, vitam quoque jusm 
dd muttos aanos imo ad vividdm viridtmqut 
(at aiunt) feneButem frotutijfe. 

He alfo (hews the danger of lying too 
low with the Hend^ efpecially when over- 
loaded ; and I have Ireard of many, and 
known fome, who going drunk to Bed, 
have been found chosFd, and deaJ^ by 
lying too low, or their Head hanging out 
of Bed. 

Sir Joha Flower hath lately given mc an 
Account, among other Cafes, of wooder- 
ful Cures done upon weak and rickety 
Children, wherein the cold Water feldocn, 
if ever, fails of Performance in that Diilem- 
per : But becaufe that Cafe hath been 
treated of before, I fhall forbear ; only ad* 



y^ing a Relation of an Eurofitan Child, about 
fix Years of Age, as my ingenious Friend 
Dr. Oover^ a Phyfician Ibrmerly of Uri- 
fioly gave me an Account of, done at the 
Caps of Good Hope, of which he was the 
Advifcr : This Child could never ftand 
nor po, and all the Limbs limber, and 
(ecm6 as if disjointed, or out of joint, and 
in 10 or 12 Day's conftant Immcrfions 
he couki both (land and go, and in a little 
Time's Pcrfcvcrance, his Limbs and Joints 
recovcr'd their natural Firmncfs to a per- 
feft Cure. This was the Child of a Dmc, 
or Sivedf^ as lie told me ; but could never 
undcrftand why they brought fuch a Crip- 
ple to Sea, unicfs born in the ladies, and 
touch'd at ihc dpe in their Paflage home. 
A parallel Cafe to this you may fee in the 
laft Imprcffion, Z-. 255. 

That cold Immerfion docs amend and 
reftore the Hurts and Injuries of the nerval 
i>/?fm, is evident, by the Effcfts wc find by 
it, as, namely, in ihz Cn^k o( MwHam.Bremr 
of Trowbriiigei in ilic County of W^/Zr/, Gene 
who gave me this Relation, viz. That he 
had a flow, iluggilh I'ever, hung on him 
for the fpacc of three Months, and finding 
the Remedies he hid tryed proved incffc- 
Oual, he rct'olved upon the CoU Bath, 
which did not only rcfcue him from his 
i-tvery bm rcllor'd him to the Senfe of 


ro IX. 



Scofa 1 
oooKt oat , 

TbeCikctt CuffoB-baale OScet n 
Tear 16S9, wbo bad Img iain iaif 
id, wvk Gtmr. aad ctber wxndring 
, aliD a giac Tnav; which Urt, I 
mkbt pnxBcd from hi> much 
TamMra, aod (Inokillg C«Jir: 
ao, in the Mooch of Afi/, was 
1 ion ibc CoDDtiy, where 1 regu- 
lar Diet dad oncfa aineid him; but ftin 
the Weabx& of his liofas rcauin'd. Ac 
ieqafa be was pa&aaded co go to the H« 
Bml when, bj dnnkirg the Waters, aod 
gcoi^ h»Thfii*E ia the ^tmtru*! BmJi, per- 
kSt/ itamr'd him : But Icaviog the Hit 
Bai tea (boo, aod reoaniiig to bb old ill 
Vj^ of ffskag aad irukiag, he reUps'd, 
and fen iota Eftlftic Fun .- Froui aO 
wbidi be W3& cccoKr'd, bjr cold Iminer- 

^^^^"~ ^^^H 


475 ~^ 

fion, and drinking the Bath'fVdtert (here 
ia London) cold, with fome cephalic Tin- 

A Turner, now living in FUet'fireett 
who was (ome time under the Pains of a 
feverc RhsamAtifm, and, after the Tryal of 
fevcra! Remedies, to no purpofe, he was, 
with difficulty, perfuaded to cflky the Ccld 
Bith^ was carried thither in a Coach, or a 
Chair, and returned Home on Foot ; and 
to this Day continues well from that ooe 
only Immerfion. 

A Boy, that was lame many Years, by 
conftant ufing a Co/d Spring near Gto' 
ctfier, was recover'd ; but the mufcular 
Flefh of bis Leg and Thigh was very much 
wafted, and fecm'd withered; who after, 
by the Help of the Hjt Btih at the httb, 
tnd gentle Fri6^ion, and rubbing the Parts, 
by the Care of his Guides, was perfectly 
reftor'd to the Ufe of his Liails, and the 
FIcfh of the fhrunk MufiUs encreas'd to 
their natural Flumpncfs and Strength. 

That Void Bsths hive their ill Efieas, 
and SoiurmntMy as well as the Hot^ if un- 
advifedly ufed ; I have known in feve- 
ral Cafes, as, namely, about four Years fjoce, 
a Gentlewoman in Holhora went into Mr. 
Bjinst*s B/uhs^ and, by ftaying a Utile too 
longi gave her fiKh a fettled Pita in her 
He^d^ almoft to Dil^raftion, that ooihiaz 
M m coulj 

^76 APP EN D / X 

could remove, or give her Eafe : I being 
confuked^ fent her to the Hot Baths^ where, 
by bathing and pumping in the Crojs B^b^ 
{he was (bon recovered ; and to this Day 
continues very well, the Pai» never more 

And, this lad Summer, a GeotleworDaii, 
who lodgM at Mr. Wdliam Longs Houfe, 
received great Benefit by bathing in the 
Hot Baths ; but defirous to be expeditious 
in her Cure, unadvifedly of her own Head, 
or perfuaded by the Tattle of fome Wo- 
man, went from the Hot Bath to the Co/d^ 
which gave her fuch an intolerable Pif//r in 
her Head^ and continuM on her fo long, 
as might have provM her Ruin, bad cot 
kind Nature, with her own Care, relieved 
her. So that People can't be too cautious 
in the Ufe of fuch great and fudden Alttrdr 
tives^ as Baths of all forts are, to the Bodies 
of thofe who at Erft ufe them, and theMif- 
chiefs that Bagnios and Humbums have 
done, thro' Want of this Caution, to the 
Ladies^ who fweat for Ccmflexions^ are not 
a few. 

Of this fort, (no longer than laft Autumn) 
a middle-aged Lady of 84, finding her Face 
to go down, and willing to put a Stop to 
the Remains of a declining Beauty, which 
flie found daily to bid her Adieu, by ovcr- 
.whaving, and fioviiig her old Bones/\xi fome 


nd . 


' ihcle H<i^Hni\ coniraflcd filch a Hmr^ 

Snd tlicd a Lv»W, ihnt i Mrffr fucceedcd 

I lie ncxc (iiiv with Tiicli V tolcncc, as 

loon imlcotcli'd ilio IVhrtf^ iind away trult'd 

~ By liraftHsm to the liottom of the NiU. 

The Witc of a wcakhy Citizen Ubour- 

ag under wandring fcar/jniic, rhentntiifc 

niftj for rome conl'idcrablc Time, fubtnit- 

hcrfclfid the Guidance and UirdUfons 

ii SciE of SivKiairj^ who put her under 

I Courfo of Sivritiii»!^^ tn corrcft and tak* 

~ the Acidity of her Hhod, ai tlwy fac- 

erdinfr to cuilom) mcthodicnily canted it. 

L;And .liior repealed Dofcf uf the tcflaccous 

'VowdtrSy MtHti<edes, &c. wafliM down with 

pMr/ CorM*b, JJs*s Miik ; together with the 
Jilfltr Intcrlopoi^ as Jw^c/'J, and AHAh^tit 
'WiHiUrit^ ^Mte^oiic Urau^his !, noc forget- 
ting the fftmous Sal i'oUtilt, and other 
Drops, CO be called tn upon Occafion, as 
AuKiliaricSi pro re trnt*- bctldci the At- 
tend;intNof the Iclfcr Sitle-boird, Hid in B' 
inoflj^ the reft of tlw jifi ta Proi»prii\(^c. 
and to all thi:i, ihe paf^'d the Pikes, and 
run the G:intlct thru' all tiicir wholfonic 
Sevcriticj,as fur^i>t(fyBlii'Mffy,ii///itrfui[^Ctifi 
LJffff, &e. At Ult,bcing weary and tir'd out 
Kvith the repeated Uejrf of t)o-»viht/igt, 
■ fbc, to gain Urcach, dcTird a Cc^aiiort ol 
Arn»; Which wu^r»nircd. In tlic InMr- 
vaJ of whicJi, fome lucky I'eifon c^inoin, 
*ui. i;;^ M m 3 ami 

I— ^ 

■ 478 


and advisM her to try the Cold Bath^ feeing 
all other things provM incfTeflual : Upoa 
which, flic confiilttd bcr old Emaljioaeert^ 
who very honcftly own'd, they knew no- 
thing of the Matter, but by Hear-fay ; fo 
cou'd neither advifc her to it, or dilTuade 
her from it. Upon the Foot of their M». 
■ Jrality^ {he adventurM it, and found great 
L JR.elief and Abatement of her P^m, in a vc> 
I ry few Immerfiom, and, by Perfeveraoc^ 
\ got a perfeft Cure. 

Now 'tis a ftrange thingt to fee how 
f eople run mad upon a falfe Suppofition of 
jlcidi in the Blood ^ and becaufe Vimgar 
And jf««e of Lemons, 8fc. are Jbsrp and acid 
upon the Tongucy it muft be fo in the Blooii 
falfo; Sed veram friiis, ergo ^ PofteriuSL 
, Admirably well argu'd, indeed : Could 
Vinegar^ quAteum i^hegar, get into the JBioodf 
it would make mad Work, and prove mor- 
tal, no doubt ; but they fhould confider, 
r that the B/le and yimgir arc Whtgg and 
. Tory^ fworn Enemies, and mortify each o- 
ther where-e*cr they meet, &c. But, if 
jlcids arc fuch Enemies to our Healths^ 
; the Learned would make us believe, I won- 
i der how much Pearl and Cr*bs-Eyes mull 
L go to fwecten the Blood of a Runntr^ Fcl- 
f lows, who are dieted for a R«f, who, per- 
' haps.for a Month,or 6 Weeks together, drink 
nothing* Qr Uttlc qll^ but Vmeinx, and great 


Quantities in a Day, to take dowD their 
'f«/, and ufelefs Flefi^ ; yet, if one ofthofe 
Fellows were chymicaliy Mulyz^d^ knock'd 
in the Had^ and diJhS'd, I wonder how 
much Aeid would come over the Helm. 

So that it appears to me very manifeft, 
that it is not any acid Particles that are 
(he Caufc of iiich vagrant, pungent Ptins, 
as the Kheamatie, or rather Rheumatifmstie 
Perfons labour under, for the Rcafons afore- 
faid : For if the Caufe folely lay in the 
Jcidityy it were impoffible Men could hve 
under fuch Quantities of Fimgar^ and o- 
ther Jcids, as fome have taken, without 
any apparent prefent Ifj«rj, or fucceeding 
PMtiis ; I rather fuppofe thofe Psi/fs to 
proceed from the Liqu4men of cMfiiesly U- 
xivial Sdts melted, and Aiding down the 
the ienfible, nervous Coats and MemhrAnes 
of the MafiUs, thrown off from the Shod, 
and other Flaidsf upon the Soitds and Ha- 
bit of the Body. And the Experiment of 
SylvAticaSy quoted by EtmuHer^ p. 5J5. is 
enough to prove it ; which I have alfo ex- 
perienced in feveral Patients in an Ardor 
Vrin^, that Juice of Lemons, given with 
PU/ftane^ Rofe^ or common Water, has cor- 
rc^ed, and broke the Points of the urinous^ 
fbarp, alkalious Salts, when the Meatuf VrU 
fiarius has been inHam'd, and lay bare, for 
Wane pf that Mufi^ which the wounded 


Proftdtes could not (upply, being not ca» 
pable, fuffgi officio^ from the Injury of the 
VemireAl Vtnom^ &c. when all the foft things, 
as EmuifiotiSj ufidceom Powders^ &c. Hgni- 
Hcd nothing ; and what makes this lixivUl 
Salt^ and how it is produced^ hath formerly 
been hinted at. 

Which lixivUl Salt is to me, a De« 
monftration of a viul FUme ; and until I 
can hear better Reafons to the contrary, and 
fuch as may alter my Mind, I mull be of 
the fame Opinion. 

So that the Advice of Cormliui (lelfm^ 
in well and healthful Perfons, might be put 
in Pra^ic«, as the only Means to prevent 
the Mifchiefs, v^hich any fudden Change 
of old Cudoms, may bring upon the 

Sdmts Uomo^ d^ qiti bcue valc^^ d^ fit a 
Spontis eji, N^Uir ohlhiare fe legibus clem 
bet^ ac ncqtfc Aliptd egere hu^c oporiet 
7}arium fraherc vita gcttuf^ modo ritri 
ejje^ modo in tfrbc, papittfq^te in aj^ro na^ 
vigarc , vcnari , ffutefcere interditm , fed 
freqtfcftfiffs fe cxerccre ; fiqtitdem (^ iy^nnvia 
Corpus hcbetat^ labor Jtrmat ; ilia viaturam 
fenccftttcm^ hie lon^am adolefccntinw reddit. 
Prodcft ciiam interditw, aqttis frigidis uti^ 
7}todo Uffgij modo id ipfum nvgligcre. NhU 
Inm cibi genus /5//;f re, quo popnlm utatur^ 
intcrdnm in convivio ejfe^ interdHm ah eo 

ATP END IX. 481 

fc rctrahcrc^ modo plus Jujia wodd mn am* 
flius affuwere : Bk de die potitis^ quam 
plftri/j/ii/j/y dttPJi modo hnnc concoqnat. 

According to the Poet : 

WhAt Care^ ami Lahonr talc ivc every day^ji 
'Jo j)iilib ami prop tfj/s 'Icmmeftt of Clay^ C 
]\hi(h^ under its Repairs^ does vpear away ! y 
Jhft^ if tre moulder, with our ^rcatcfl Care^ 
]Vhat rr'tU become ofthofe who ncer repair ? 
Bftt^ thoufi^htlvfsy fnorc /// tbdr old Houfc 

of Si/i^ 
Until ^ at oftrc, the Cot tare does fi/7 in <" 
Mortar^ and 1 rowel ^ then arc brought 

too /i//c, 
^\hcn the Whole Man does thus dilapidate, 
jlnd in his Rain antedates his Fate : 
Nor can Phyfirinns Art rcftore the Man^^i 
Ihat has ontlirPd his Confiitution^ > 
And hath not left himfclf to work upon. 3 
7 here fore ^ 'tis held f^ood Hnsbandry^ to patch 
And mend the firfi Ht or m- flurries of the 

Biit^ on the other hand^ ^tir my Advice ^ 
Not in your Manage to be over-nice^ 
Not freeze vrith Lokl^ nor fcorch in Sol flee 

Hut fifi: a fort of Mcdhmi in Extrrams :j 
By (i^entle Ufe^ Nature vrill foon obcy^ 
AncL like u Sivii^ef^ ivill turn erery ir.ry. 

i >j:/s 

' 4S3 

AP F EN D iX. 

Thus yoiiU acquire fame caitater Habits' 

rple Flood 5 
eiiy befeear 
n a Grcea^ J» 
fet Stream, j 

Thai no fmaU Error fliaU effeS your Blood, 
Nor check the Progrefs of the Purple Flood 5 
I %r Where, by the Help ofGUfes, any ' " 
Millions ofG\o\i\i\'s bowling on 
Crowding each other tn a Scarlet _^ 

Andjha'rttfiich circling Bubbles, Jo minute^ 
The Doubter of his Maker, clear refute^ 
^nd fievp the Fool, by Dentonflration^ 
The Author of his own Creation ? 
But, if a GOO in a fmall Fin vee fee, 
Whai tauji that great tremendous Being i«/ 

The tranfient People who vifit the Bath^ 
'whofe Affairs will not permit them to ftay 
a Seafon through, becaule the City is fur- 
rounded with Hills, ihink, that the Steams 
are impritbn'd, and therefore the Place is 
infalubrious ; not coofidering the great and 
long Troughs and Hollows In the extended 
Daks on one Side, from the l-l'e/Ierfi Sea; 
and on the other Side, the great Vale un- 
der the North Part of the Kjng's Dovm, 
which draws and leads in the Nortb-Ea(l 
Gales and Breezes; and both thofe Vales 
are as Thorough fares to each other ; So, 
if there be any Air ftirring, you aluays 
have it in the Bash ; and the great Ages of 


the Inhabitants aCily etriace the. WhoU 
Tomeners of the Place. 

An Actount of the Namiier uni Agti of the M- 
tient Feofle, now lining in the City of Bath, 
*ni PUces Ttilbin two MiUt iijitnce there* 
{f^ *ni tR rvithin the Huodrei tf Bath- 
Forum. CoiU£iei hy Mr. juftice Merii- 
weathcc of Breatford, ia Com. Mid. 
Jan. I. anno 1702-3. 

rerCjni. Veirs. 

12 of 80 

13 of 81 
i; of 82 

8 of 8; 

10 of 84 

11 of 8< 
6 oSiS 
2 of »7 
2 of 88 

Perfijns. Yelrt. 

4 of 90 

1 of 91 

9 of 92 

2 of 94 


I of 98 

1 of lob 

t of lO) 

I of 107 

Pcrfotu. Year;. 

J7 of 70 
JI of 71 
62 of 72 
30 of 7j 
20 of 74 

16 of 70 

4 of 77 

10 of 78. 

3 of 79' 

Which makes in tU 267^8. None Bed- 

Deceafed, within (hefe two Years, 40 
Pcrfons, whofe Ages nude 3522 Years j 
now living, and lully, 547, and none of 
them Bed-ridden, whofe Ages make 27522 
Years. At Hniford^ near Buh. four Si- 
fters make j6o Years ; the cldeil, in Df. 
amitr lad, rid 10 Miles fiBgle, (nc being 
N n ■(.(* 

t8t ;APr£NDiJ(. 

jtea , Years pld; ,.15 t|ie City, three Sillerf 
make 247 s antl three others^ ia the iami 
rUce, make 225 Years. Withm this four 
3£t^r^t~The fiii>c. Aldu'fi^n nutk 70Q ani 

.,,Atr.; AI(lerTOB,-Ci/(ii, Apxhcnry, r 
flTfifj^bir^, w^n the 12 Alras-Peopfe, 
^y,Wueiii4i.^fjlfita{ ',made 1C05 Yeanf. 

■I I'l 


F f''^ ^f^'A:' 

IW I "-"i *■ 


• . -•« - ■• ■ -^■" 

An Alphabetical 




Blution of Children.^ how^ and when v/eJi 

Ablution, Religiotu and Phyjkal^ ufed in 

the Kaft-Indlcs ' ibid; 

Ablution in Cold Water wm ufed by Divine Men t0 

prepare them for Divine Offices^ and to dijpofe theit^ 

for new Dottrines tfS 

Abortions prevented by the Cold Bath I6y 

Abortions, howcaufed 342 

Abfinthlum Marinum, its Urtues illufirated by d 

comical Simile 251 

TTfe Achincfe very much delight to rvajli in Cold Wa^ 

ter 25* I 

Acids ufed for a fuppreffion of Vrine 35!' 

in Acute Cafes^ Life and Death pearch upon the fami 

Beam i^6 

'the M^y ptians ufed to purify by tmmerfton 3 

i'he Author cannot join with Agathinus 1 88 

Agathinus cited to fliewthe ufe of Cold J^aths^ and 

the Cuftoms of fever al Nations to put their Children 

every Day in Cold Water 131,132 

ji ciuartane Ague cured by immerfion 21) 

AA forts of Aguss cured byJmmerfiot^ 1 1 6 

Pf Thi 

The 1 N D EX. 

Thi cure of an Ague by d forest put 3 5^ 

Agues often cured by a fudden f lunge into Cold Wa^ 
ter 358 

Ale, dn Wiwholfome ddngerotts Liquor 353 

Alc^inkers removing to Wine^ foon fall into Jam- 
dice^ Stone and Gout 381 
Alexander ScTcrus rarely bathed in Hot Baths^ but 
4Umofi always ie§ a Vifciha 167, 173 
Sr. Ambrofe, cited becaufe he moft particularly de* 
fcribed the Trine Immerfion 54 
The Americans cure Fevers by Immerfion in Cold 
Water 1 3 1 
Afodern Anatomifts follow Hippocrates 90, 91 
j4n Aphonia cured by cold Immerfion 1 15, 398 
K^\\^%good in the SmrJl-Pox i^l 
Apples the greatcfi Pe^ orals 3 14 
A Difeajed Broken-Winded Horfe cured by eating 

Apples 315^31^ 

ji Confiimftive Woman cured by the fole ufe of Ap- 
ples 315 
The Nature of Apoplexies confiderd 1 49, 1 50 
Apuleius cited to prove that the ^Egyptians hadper^ 
feiily obferv'd the natural good effcUs of Cold Im- 
merftons 4 
Armenians, their manner of BaptizJng 13^ 1+ 
How Arfenick h^u been miftaken 199 
AH K'iv^i V fed to wafh new born Children in Salt and 
Water 94 
Afthma how to he relieved by Cold Bathing 20 

Relieved but not cured thereby 121 

No Hot Regimen proper for it 1 45 

Afthmas relieved by Cold Immerfion 314 

The old Athletx bathed in cold Water 151 

A: univerfal Atrophy cured at the Bath 195 

Averfioa difficult to be conquered 83 

Auguilus was cured ofDefiuxions by Cold Baths 137 


The Index. 

Theeaufes of AnViOinal Fevers 361 


Bagliyi eked for the good EffeEls of igfarm River of 
Sfrin^ Water drank . 2o6 

Bantering reckon d by the Author to be a very great 
tVicked^efs •. i8s 

The Indians Bagnio defcrihed 289 

BaniUs the Hermit defcrihed 287, 288 

The word Baptife, interpreted by St. Chry foftom by 
Immerfion 54 

Tlje Cvfiom wof to Baptife both Men and Women na-^ 
ked 53 

TTbf Eafiern Church Baptized at Epifhany 6z 

Baptifm an Antitype to the Flood Z 

'Succeeded the Gentile Purifications 1 1 

Jt was in all parts performed by Immerfiofi at the 
firfi planting of Chriftianity ibid» 

Of the Mufcovites 1 3 

Of the Armenians ibid 

^■' The Cannon concerning it Anno ttfo3* defc anted 

on 15 

Baptifm how and when adminifired in the Primitive 

times 5^1 53 

The times (?f Baptifm were Eafter and Whitfontide 

in the Weftern Churck 6z 

Baptifm how at prefcnt proElifed in the Grecian 

Church 87 

Baptifteries when firfi built 53 

Ordinary Barometer how much it fubfides in our 

Clime 153 

Bathing is mofi properly called the Fomentation of the 

whole Body ^6 

To what Perfnts Bathing is not ufefid 45, 47 

Bathing its BffeHs and Cautions concerning it 93 

Ff2 Ba- 

The 1 K D £ X. 

I ii ii *i> ■ ifc 

Bathing in tphat Cafts ufeful . 295 

Baths near Litchfield defcribed i <^9 1 7 

^^-—Coldy heat Perfons 30,31 

^-^Hoty cool Perfons ibid 

Both hot and cold Baths have their immediate effects 
on the Skin^ and the Aerial Spirits contained in the 
jinimal Humours 3 1 

'j4 Parallel between Baths and tomentations 37, &c, 
Reafons why Old Baths do the greifUeft Cures to thofe 
who have been in hot Baths 321, &c. 

Hdt Bath^ cha^aaeris^d 1 89 

Bede cited to prove that Paullnus in the Tear 6i^ 
Boftifed feveral Perfons in Riversy and that Im^ 
merpon was the general Practice in the fir Jt plant- 
ing of Chriftianity in England $6^ 57, 58 
Beelzebub a great CantharU 1 99 
Bellows, theih Nature and V ft 236 
7l!^f miraculoHs Cures at the Pool of Bethefcla confi' 
der'd 67 
Phyfick Bigottry is rvorfe than that of Popery 1 98 
What Bitters will agree with the Bath Waters 1 92 
Blifteringr^ be cautio ufly ufed 200 
The Body has its Regiflers and yent^holes as well as 
other Furnaces 238 
Boots, how they came in fafhion 337 
The Brain, mofi of its Infirmities may be cured by 
C Id Water 67 
Boyle cited becaufe he obferves that frozen Eggs will 
thaw f after in cold Water than in the open Air 1 40 
Difficulty of Breathing how cured ^91 
The nature of Briftol Wafers 1^9 
Buchanan cited for relating that the Pifts Wem na- 
ked^ that the Scotch I/landers Sleep upon the SnoW'f 
and that the Inhabitants of the Orcades preferved 
their Vigour and Beauty^ by obferving Parfimony^ 



CacocliymiasAof W celd 31j 33 

The Caiiaiims wapj thtir Children as fo<m M they tot- 

born 1 i- 

A Cancer cvred by Bathing 316,317,318 

Cantbarides aB like the Devil 1 99 

Catarrhs, their Nuturc 150 

Ceadwalla King oftbelVe^S^xom left bis Kingdom^ 

and went to Rome to be Baprit-ed 57 

St.CeAdzand hiiCbmfaniom Baptized the Province - 

of the Mediterranean Angle ibid 

Ce)Ius cited to prove thar the cure of r»ofl Infirmities 

of the Brain may he performed by cold Water, and 

that Cold Bathing is mofi ufefd in met Weather 70 
Sr. Chad, an account of him and of the Baths called 

by his Name iS? ^7 

St. Chad w*M one of the firft Converts of our Nation, 

andiifedlmmerfion in theBaptifm oftheSTi.OM 16 
Gai\dLVQa.,VBhat Difeafesthey are fvbjeiito']-7,'7^i']9 

are often born with the Stone 78 

Convulfion? in Children to be prevented by immerfing 

them in cold Water I3i 

Cold Bjtlis ui^ree with Children 229 

Weak Cllildicn made firong and vigorous by cold 

Water 225 

Chriftianity pUmid in Rn^z^xA by the vfe of Im-^ 

merfion 56 

St. Chryfoftom cited for interpreting the word Bap- 

tife by Iminerfton 54 

Cold, iti Nature and Effe^s 19,30,40 

Cold things lefs agreeable to Natttre thtm hot ' 43 
Cold produces CoKghs 45, &C. 

Cold Bathing its Anti^^viiy I 

w^^iittfTBVcd by she Romans 6 

■"" F f 3 —If; 


The Index. 

its good EffeSls known to the moft vnlearned Na- 
tion ibid 
Cold Bathing vfed to cure the Lefrofy and Rheuma- 
tifm %j &C» 
'the JUafins of the Authn contriving it 1 6 
fefi in wet Weather 70 
On what conditions Cold Bathing is ufeftd for an 
Afthma 20 
Cold Baths, their Variety 20, 2 1 , 22 
-m-'-^hfervations made on them 22, 2 3 
> Cautions given concerning them l^ 2, 5 , 3 7 
-Hippocrates his Opinion of the Natwe and Vfe 
of them 27, 28, 29 
-"haw they heat 3 1 
-the bijury of them 4 5 

'frequently nfed in the Days of Auguftus 63 
Gold Baths very beneficial far all Rheumatick Pains 
■ and Paralitick IVeaknefs 1 8 

Internal Remedies neceffary before the ufe of Cold 
Baths 19 

mse various EffeBs of Hot andCold Baths 34,3 5,3^ 
Tlhe ufe of Co\A, Baths taught by natural Reafon 8 5 
Three kinds of Cold Baths 9 1 

Cold Baths, for whom f refer 97, 1 29, 1 30 

'to whom Injurious 97, 98, 1 36, I 59, &c. 

-Galen'i Cautions concerning them 97, 135, &c. 
Cold Baths will procure good reft 142 

Cold Baths very prejudicial if flayed in too long 333 
Cold is a pofitive and not a privation 331 

Cold is a Fire ibid 

Jidoft intenfe Cold will cjuench a Candle ibid 

Cold Climes their Influence 1 08 

Cold Regimen be ft to preferve Health 173 

The CovOin^fs of Springs tried by Experimehti mttha 
Ball of a portable Thermometer 1 7> X 8*' 

^n inftance of a Colick cured 3Q4» 305 


The Index. 

A complication of Difiempers cured by the Cold 
Bath 298 

Compounds why invented 1 87 

Every fimple Plant is compounded by the IVifdom of 
the great Compounder 252 

Conftantine the firfi Chrifiian Emperor Baptifed 
naked 55 

Conftitutions of Bodies how to be judged of 32 
A Confumptive Woman cured by Cold Baths 1 14 
Con^wm^tiovis depend on divers Dif cafes 157 

A Confumptive Woman cured by the fole ufe of Ap* 
pies Sl6 

Contorfions and Contufions curable by cold Wa^ 
ter 20.7 

A Cough cured by cold Immerpon 243 

Credulity is Harbinger to Injallibility i pp 

Mr. Crew wonder fuUy cured by the ufe of the Cold 
Bath 221,222,223 

Criticks defer ibed 42 f 

Miraculous Cures were done by the ufe of Water in 
the Jewijh Days 6^ 

Tue Cutiliae were famous among the Roman Thyjiciy 
ansj being nitrous Waters 16 J 

St. Cyprian c/r(?^ for Baptifm by hnmerpon 54 

Dr. Cyprianus cured of a FeveriJI} Habit 28 Jf 


Dacier cited for tranflating the Words of Hippocra- 
tes fo as to under ft and thereby Cold Baths 34 

Dcafnefs cured by the Cold Bath 70, 1 2* 

'^cured by Immerfion 2 1 8, 374 

The leaft Debauch Jhakes the Foundation of the h»T 
man Fabrick 402 

AugDitus Vios cnred 0/Defluxioi^ by Qld Baths 1 37 

F f 4 ^^ 


The I N D E X. 

pdirimns ewnd ky i^cidemal Immerfim XTiS^^ 

Tlr MTiTf 40^ c^tife of the Diabetes ' 1^9 

^nis Slculos c/rrjif r« pTM^r riEMT tilir j!f^ jEgyj^ 

txauiilS^w^thuBcify, in Water % 

f Piogencs Laertius cited fir dOare he mentimiste 
' ># dmu hg the £gyptm iVif/?/, hy Bathifg inth( 

SesMMter ^ \ 4^ 5 

pip][uhg 1/ Children in Boftifm nfed in Enghqd 

40^ Wales ^4>i5 

pipping in S^ifm freved vfefvl to the HealHt ef 

Infms 15 

pifeafes vihence pr educed 3 2 

f7o'Di&a&%0renewy only better defcribed than fir* 
' merly i o 

Jtereditmry Diieafes enumerated 79 

Diieafes which defend en a Jharp Serum 7$ 

piieales incident to Children 77, 78, 79 

iVhtt will cure a pifeafe will mofi effe^uaBf prevent 

it 66 

Diieafes which ajfett the Head 109 

T%e life of Drinking cold Water ^noderaeely 299 
JDrink necejfary in Fevers and SmaVrfox 347 

1>tcy^{\^ cured hyhnmerfion Z17 

DrunkenPfr/i^j become Sober by fudden ImmerfioH 74 
prunkennefs expofed 329, 330 

jiDy(^Tixahowctire4 390 


\4fttr Eating immediatly we mufi not Batb^ nor Eat 
^ ' immediately ^ter Bathing 45 

Edelmakh King of the South Saxons Baptifedin 
Mercia ^^57 

Elficminacy kfsinthe Northern than in the SouAem 

'- (ms of lS*aglw4 182 



The Index. 

Jin Elcphantiafin cwtd byjfyirtg the P^rty under th 
Spout pf 4 Mill 259 

Hn j2;lan(l iNfrJhd with Leprojy 8 

Kpiclcmical I'cvers^ their rife 99 

Ej^ilcpfy muy be prevented by Mmming 1 44 

EpilcplicH flatten by Frif^hts 4re very ftulfhorrf 359 
Erafiinis noted it as 4 piece ofHingtiUrity in the Eng- 
lifll Churchy bec4ufe in his time they vfed fingh 
Immerpon 60 

No Writ of Error in the Graife 1 8tf 

7%e ElYciU)% 4 chajt and temperate Seft ofthekvtn^ae^ 
cuft om*d them/elves to wapi often in cold V/ater 288 
Mojt Evacuations depend upon liffervejiendes smd 
Defluxions of Humors I J7 

Exccflivc heat and rold^ their Fffelh 37, 38 

Fig^vred F,xcrcincnt h n figti of Health 391 

lCx])criiTicntH mttde of the Cold Baths I7» 18 

Exj)crimcnts made of the yolatile ^Itriclkk Cai in 
(tot Hath Waters 1 90 

Rxj)ci intent made of febrile Vrine 237 

External Sknfes are moft lively in cpld Weaebtr 69 


Farriers well know the ufc of void Water 3* 

7%ritficinttCht4rch ufed Falling hefpn Boftifm isK 

Evenino 6I 

What VJfeUs hot and cold Baths have upm Firfens inb 

///f//;fw Falling 35 

l*'cvers depend not on Heat alone 42 

Vpidemival l^evcrs, their rife pj^ 

Fcvcr?J cured by Cold Bathing 1 30 

-'-^-'^ured by I mm rr (ion ll£ 

The Indians ufe fweating fw the cure $f Fcvcn 289 
Very intenfe Fcvcrn hoyo cured 323 

The Kaufes of atttumnal Fcvcrn 362 


The I N D B X. 

Jk^ fMirim$m mtdf i^Febrile Vrim xyj 

ff^m nn Finlanders indifferently nft tbimfihe^ te 

bet andceld ij 

Bire hams fiercefi in imemfe Frefi 235 

Fiihmongers sre lenerslfy Heidthfd 233 

l^ismdiud3w» .234 

i ii ^ f reved h I^^^fim 23 5 

PoQy 4mdwifiem imf^^ed teanr natural Temf€ra- 

mem 71*7^ 

Uf faroBel between Fomentations and Baths 37,&c. 
T%n^ is amim^^cmntakhS^imfathyketmun Fools 202 
fke Vod dues lefs harm thai^ the Xnmf€ ibid 

Vosmdi^d Hetffis cured by eeUlVaeev 96 

Fopntains mere efficacieus than liivers fer furifyhg $ 
Fri£k|on may be nfefid both before md aper Sa^ 

HnfHik Spirits efLupiers concenter iv^FfOzea 332 


Gtten wtderfioad the nfe of cold Immerfien 6 

lefcribes a Plevrijy tinder the notion of an inflame 
matory Laffttude 10 

ie advifes to ffrinlle Salt all over new bom Chil-- 
dren 44 

methods for fvefervation of Health by Old 
Baths 91 

Ohfervatien made of Fever ifh Perjens 1 30 
-enumerates the Misfortunes that arife from the , 
' vfeof Old Bathing 1 4I 

^Galloping Phyfician defcribed 201 

^thrumnus the Dane, with 30 of his Omfauiem 
i>t^i7ied in a Fountain 1 3 

^AK^^Mt^^ facro4,FountainsfaffedDWom6 
Tif Gentiles imitated tk^l^amm aadlVafbiegf 
•jf /fee Jews 58 



Glen the nxmt of a River wherein m gretU mmtker flf 

Perfans mere B4fttz.ed jtf 

A Goaty Perfou yfmg ih' Cold BmIi i 9 

Both Hut and Cat J Baths art good for the Gout 44 
A Gouty Perfm much relievtd by Old Bjithitig 
102, 103 
The Gent cured by the Cold Bdth 240, 29 1 

The Gout deferihed 367, &c. 

j4n account of the frefent Baftifm in the Graecian 

Church 87 

Ko Writ of Error in the Grave 1 86 

The Greeks ackntTvledgt thru forts of PurijicMiBiu 

by waflilngi 5 

To he Grey betimes^ and not kald^ U a figu tf tonf 

Life 3IT( 

Grotius cited for fttveuring Plato i Ofinitn emtern- 

tag the Flood 1 

The comfofition of Gunpowder rtfeUed ott 152 

Gregory theGreac introduced the Jingle Jmmtrfm im 

offofitlon to the Arrian Hrrefy ^^ 

In Gratian'j Decretals and Gregory'* DtertuU^ 

both the finglc and irint Immrrfion are ofttn Mm- 

tioned 5 J 


The HabaHians Baptiz.e thtmfelva i:iery Tear «n th* 

Day of tpipbany in their Lakti mid Ponds 8S 

Bipaf Ha!I iiitd for a rmracutom Cure done hy Ipt' 

merfion 7 

tCbUnefs of the tiai renders it fitter for aS ratimM 

I Thoughts 93 

\ The Hcadzqhiurcd hy the Pfeuehrohfu I38 

I ^eteratr\ cured by aid Bathing jtf^t&C 

"" ' \t'iie3\\\i much defends lo^ 


The Index. 


Tw§ deftgns of Imm^v^iOXi^ Mi Religiomtbe Hher 

nsuttral ^^i^^ 

Immcrdon in Bdftifm cmtinmd in thi Ckl&^ sf 

England ^till dbout the Tear J 600 5 1 

dm/tiiiniiy plsmid in England lythi uft tf Ifflmer- 

iioa %6 

Immerflon MlmtfB nfedto Cbild^in m weS M toddkt 

Perfms 59 

^ u fudden ImmcrOo^ # dnmkin Perpm brnmes 

foher 74 

Immerfion how effeBudto cure Childrens Difeafes 

l6y &c. 

Immei-fion ftiU ufed by the Eafiern Churches 80 

Immerdon never abreg/tted ij artji Qtnon 6 1 

• 'f^ h ad a natural as weS as a divine Firtue 6^^ 8cc. 

•— -ir frtvtmed hereditary Difeafes iWd 

Odd Immerfion cured a Gout 29 1 

Immerfion for the Gout and mofi inveterate fains of 

the Head 208 

Cold Immerfion defcrihed 400 

Old Inftmt r Hon a fftcifick cure for the Rickets 33^ 

How cold Immerfion aBs Ibid 

Thk Indians jtv^i^ themfelves with the Jbatwa mid 

^frefently recover kry THaifienhg tht folet of their 

Feet in cold Water 1 2 

A great Cure wrought by an Indian 396 

iBy Imraoderate ufe the wholfomejt thi^s in Ifature 

may vrove no^HoHS 334 

T^elnOiAmufe to l0dp ifk^^oldWattt Mt of their 

hot Stoves 512 

The Indian^ ipafh thtir young Infantum P4td Strtanis 

M foonaisbi^naitaH St^4fls of tke Tim 291 

7^ Indians ufe Sx^eatii^ for the cut^^fFti^s 289 

Tb$VaSi9ti^ BMgnio de0rib4d ibid 


Hot Climes their influence 1 07 

I Hot Baths Ch^ailerifed 189 

t^Mot Regimen mifcbievoHs in the Small-Pax 230 

\ Signs of hot Hiimouvs 1 20 

I Hypocondriack Cafet relieved by the Cold Bath 
19, io 
[ Cne fvrt of Hypocondriack afe6tion with its Curt 
I 47, 48 

f The Hydrophobia reqvirts did Baths I JO 

I a^^etickCiliik cured by the aid Bath l itf 

The japOnefe teafin their Children in cold Heater 1 
Jaundice c-ured by the Bath Waters 385 

^ account of one Jeukins who lived 1 69 Tears 404 
The Jews had aCvJlom to wajh before Frayers and Sa- 
crifice and going into the Temfle 4 
The Jews acknowledge three forts of Purifications by 
aajhings 5 
The Jews vfed to tvafii new born Children in Salt and 
Water 94 
Thi Jewifh Prophets and Priefts had agrtatKnovfledg 
in Phyfick as well as the Divine Rights <S$ 

how they cured the Lefrofy ibid 

Immerfion, its religious Vfe I , Z 

• - i ts nattiral Vfe t , 2, 3, 4 

■a miraculotti Cure done thereby 7 

Ret igioiu and Medicinal Immcrfions, as eld m Sd' 
crifices themfelves 1 

Cold Immei'fion beneficial in narcotick Poifont l £ 
The ohjeHion that Immcrflons art fuitable to hot Xt- 
gions and net to the cold taken off" 1 2, 1 3 

ImmcrfiOns have been fraifis'd by all AHifikind ■Ae- 
ther learned or unleamtd t j 




The I K D k x. 


Lamtiids cwnd hy cold htmerfwn 364 

Leprofy firttpum in England 8 

^i^'^^^ewrid h Old SiMm ibid 

IJtfiofjf mtghttrtbdlj Se thifnfent Pm 9 

J * i J hfiMces 0f ks hm^ cwred kyTirfins tei^gdiff 
' :^ iwtmerfi irn €0td Water 64 

iiindhidFUone 1^4)23$ 

^'hvidkyrcdfin^ 131 

LBlWbod eked ccncefHiftg BMfnfimis ^9 

th^fcneralefiSs of Liomds 3^ 

Jift Liquids ibi Jbifter their AbtUn the teUer they 
' 'ire itfo 

Hew the Sfirits i^/Liquors concenter whettfretei 332 
A^itjvf IJquon m/m^ia ftf CU/ir tid 

.M*. Lock oW ^r ddvifi9^ thst you$^ Perfons be 

every d^w^ in cold Water 94 

A difcourje on Longevity 40 1 

lUdiard Lloyd lived 1 3 3 Tedts 408 

IW Lungs are Air^ftr^ners ^3 5 

Loftrd^ns begun by the Pafrrarchs , and dfier^ 
/ Airix imitated by the Egyptians , Jews ^ 

Gtteks^, Romans , ^m^ almofi alt Mankind 
o> I 

ttftrations a/ fi!^ Mahdmctans 4 

~ rl^r Moors tbid 

Madnefs cured by Cold Baths 1 42 

Tibr Mahometans ffrinkle and purify themfelves with 

Water .4 

m m f h ^ learnt Lufti-atious of the Jews ibid 

K • 



The Index. 

Malt Liquor frefcrred to Wine after the Bath Wa^ 

ters 1 93 

Man is a fort of a mufical Infirwnem . ^06 

A haffy Marriage defcribed 283, 284 

Frefii and ftale Meats confiderd 3tfz 

The external ufe of Medicines ap-ees with their in- 

ward yfe ^S 

For want of Nitre in the Air^ abundance 0/Mildews 

fell in the time of the Plague 233 

lifld^^ when its ufe is frejuMcial . IJKS; 

I 4 S of a falvhriom^ foft and fweet Nourijhmenty 

Mineral Waters do very great Curts^ both by wafhing 

and drinking 3151 

^he^SiooTl is as truly the caufe of Cold, as the Sun is 

of Heat 331 

The Moors ufed Lufirations 4 

The Morbifick/Matter confidered 32, 3 3 

]Mor ning wafhings why to be frtferred 9 5 

Mofes retained the Immerfmis of the Patriarchs and 

iEgyptians 4 

5r. Mungo'j Well defcribed 211 

Mufe prcfcrihed the Hydropofia as well as the Pfeu- 

chrolulia to cure Augulbus 1 9 

* ! je wrought fuch a cure upon Auguftus, that 

his Statue was by order erected in the Temple ^f 

^fculapius 224 

The Moors in Winter wallow in Snow 1 3 

they believe themfelves the only Chrifiianr 

on account of their Baptifmal Rites ^ ibid 

•they Baptize themfelves every Tear on the 

Day of Epiphanyj in their Lakes and Ponds 88 

Gg J?. 

The Index. 


ih^h Mm stnd Women Boftiutd Naked ^i 

KaDire fiems U have tdtight dS Nmom the iife of 

4oUW0^er 8$ 

Nature teaches us what Regimen is mojt agreeable to 
• tackOime jo6 

Mercurialis his advice to Nephriticks 91 

Nervous Difeafes are of all mqjf hereditary 75 
MOhftrtkHofts of the iitry&s m^ be cured by Cbtd 

Maths ili 

IJ^ervons Difeafes curtdbyCotd Baths tyg 

Nitre, its Nature andPlrtues 155 

&r vM9tt of N itre in the Air^ ahimdance of Mildews 

fell in the time of the Plague 233 

hs the beginning of the Normans the Lefrofy ffread 

' ot^r England by Infeii ion 8 

jin account of a very old Man at Northampton 

Jhc Northern Pecfle have found Cold Baths very 

tifcful to their Bodies 8tf 

The ufe and ahufe of Meris Nofts 385 

A Noftrum-monger defcrihed 203 

Nur fcs dcltroy marry Children 3 3 7? 3 3^ ' 

Ni^rfes horo to he chofe 383 

Oats and Oatmeal recommended 355 

jiH Obftrudioas of the Nerves may be cvred by Cold 
: 3nths 1 28 

Piiralytick Obit ruft ions talen ojf by Cold Baths 



.. J— ^,.^»fca»«Mfc<i^»^»^— ■»*■»- -x*!!- *i ■■* ■ - ~ — ■■» - » ii4 >•■<■** 

The Index. 

Olearlu^i citid fouthirifi^ thi BaptifmiU Rita 0f iht 

Mu(lovitc<i itnd ArmcnidM i 3 

Cn\\\\i commeftds thf PG:\\i:\\Vol\\Cui frr tht OnluH 

Sonon 145 

. i\i^^ thrirrf eft t 147 

'/i* i»# wdded t$ 4rt Opinion i(r rriit M^rfn 

T^i^ Jfihtdfifdnu of thi Orcfldei frtfirvtd thiir 
t^if^mr dtid Ihiiuty^ by ohftrviH^ Psffimopy 

OribtinuH lived Ififir After Galcn^ mid np fkyfi'- 
9iMH ever frefrmtd did SMthi with miin if^ 
J'tttHrtte ihiifi hex f^^ ^'^ Sen/ittf ! 3 1 

Oril);t fills Pbyfiiimi t$ Jilliau the (Jfofi^i) MtH^ 
ferpr 188 

> * rPdf 01 fre^t MUPt^ htmever our Amher t^i 

h4Vi t0 diffirt ft'om hi9M ibid 

Ofwald Kinjt of the Norlutmbir 91 




Pilini f9 whivh cold is iftjurious 4$ 

" ^'• i ^tured Ity cold Oftfy itllV 

P.1I (y cMred by a iVnter itt Flinders 7 

htify 4// its ^pKies tmd h Bmhing l%% 

fftveter^te Paini of the Stomsch cured by tftimiPpon 

t'atlit*^ rw^^f/ hy (old fmmerfion 39^ 

7K;# tlfeHs of aid R4tht in Prtftily tick Oh/heditim 
A gerfersit VAn\Yf\% i?ured by hoe B0fhi9ig 1 89 

j4 KtrilyfiH ri/;-fi/ by'tmmerfm ht Ht. MUAgo'i (fff^ 


^^«/r;if Pjirion^ dijturb the Judgment 7 * 

77/# Patriat wtit i^r^Min Luflrntiont t 

G g 1 Perfiui 

The 1 N D jE- X. 

-^^"~-*^-^- • " 

Pet fi\|S cited for§bfervirfg that in all ffredt Devotions 

. Immerfion was fraSifed 5 

Ytxfjpivatmn cpnJUirek 95 

Ferlpiration is the Smoke made from the vital flame 

Pbilo €ued fw i^rming that the Jews rvere fubjeH 
•r#^ Anthrax 9 

A^e^ptmed PhthiCs cured by Jffles and Milk 

';.■■. 316 

Tb&Artof Phyfick not known in Tattary, Mufco- 

'''V% 0t itmwg the Indians . . 85 

Phyfick has of late Tears been tranflated from the 

'Arabians po 

Phy-fical P>^4fif/r« which have leafi of. Art ^ are ufu^ 

" My moft agreealile to Nature 105 

P6y licians^j/^ to improve the Foundations of Phy- 
^•'fkklaid by Hippocrates 4ifii( Galcn, and never 
' receed from them if 

Phyfick Bigottry is worfe than that of Popcry 1 98 
The Piles, how prevented 97 

Pimpinclla recommended for rfc^ Plague, and in 

■ cafes of Poy fon 210 

The Pifcmas were called Baptifietia by Pliny Ju- 
V nior 63 

itnffances of the Plkgtie being cured by Immer-^ 
\'')hi 231 

•ft the time of the Plague \66^* there was a general 
'■ Calm and Serenity of Weather . ibid 

Plafttaih^rry ufeful in Fever j . 323 

C^ery fimplo; Flant is compounded by the Wifdom of 

' the great Compoundet 252 

The different parts of maxty Plaints, have their 
" different Taftes and different Hrtues 252,253 


. ♦ 


The Index. 

Plato cited for ^{ferting that the Gods purified 
the Earth by the iTtnrl^ from which Opimon 
f prang the Cufiom of pi^t't-fyi^ig ^y Inmmcrf^)-? 
Mankind^ as well as the Earthy which Ofivu :r 
is favouredhy GrotvX^ z 

The Pleurify was very rare in Ejigland i j 

Pleurify is a Species of the Rhermatifm \ o 

Pliny largely defcribes Cold Baths '{^ 

Polycarp Baptlz^ed Tranquilliiuis naked s > 

Pomaceous juices the greatefi Peftorals .3^5 

The Pores art fr mans Sally-ports^ by whicfi Na- 
ture drives'out the Enemy crept tntofhe Gdrrlfon 

Porphiry rtW for averting fhatth^ Egyptian 

Priefis wajljt three times in a Day upon extraofdi" 

nary SacriRtes ' ^ 3 

Bjlvius^s defer iption of the Pox 155 

The Pox the greatejt Curfe that if an befall a Man in 

this Life ibid 

The nature of Indian Poyfons 363 

The PraiUce of cold Lnmerfion in Penfilvania 

Heathen Pvotclyte^ how admitted to Judaifm 68 
Purging ncceffary before Bathing * 33 

Three forts of Purification by wafinngs ' ' "5 
Purifying by Water as ancient as fhe Flood 2 

Purifying by Water ancienter than the Law of Mofes 

^^ 3. 

Puftulcs cured by Cold Baths 43 

Pythuf^oras was aPhyftcian as v^U as Philofopherj 

- . he faugh t the Wefiern Nation^ and the Greeks /*-. 

merfions 4 

Gg.j 4 

The 1 N D E x* 

A Qpart^n Agtic cured by fmmerjton Zi$ 

A Quartan Agut cured 6y Ics^it^ into, the iTjames 

TTjccure of aQviS^xtan Ague ^60 


TChi RegiUHcii ^ Alqcand^r ^verus recommtH^ 
to tUf frofem Ag€y ms deferred ty Lampridius 

77^ cold Regimei^ mofi ndtrifeaUe fkr freferMtim ef 

Health ;. 173 

Internal Remedies necejjfary before .^ vft of Old 

Baths IP 

Rhenmatifm an old Ef^UJh I>iftafp "^ 

■I i ■ V leurify a ^ecies thereof ■ i o 

cured by Cold Baths 5>> TO 

■ V ' ■ ' ^» » inftofjce of its Cure by cold hnmerfie^ 

A Scorbutici khepmatifm csfred by cold Jmrner- 

J fi^ 303 

A Rheumatifm cured by the Cold Bath Z46 

Infiances of Rheumatifms cured by Cold Bmhs 

A Rheumatick Perfon cured by the Cold Bath 

286^ 5.87 
Hot Regimen mifchievons in the Smatt Pox jjo 
TfMxvsXSf relented by wajhing the Jlead in cold Wa- 
ter P3 

Rickets, its Original confide/ d . ^^jTI 

No Diflemfer more frequent in Children than the 

Rickets ' Tjs 


' f^ 

riie Index. 

'^*~ -| ■! _ a^^x,^ 

The Rickets prfl nef eared in England about the 
Tear 1 620 77 

commonly cured by bathhig ibid 

were firfi known in the IVeJl of England 


The Welch filing concerning the Rickets 94 

kickcts, Inftancesof itiiure llj^ ijf 

Rickets cured by Old Baths T 2 3, 1 3 9 

Tl)e Rickets was a Diflemfcr almofi worn out in 

England, bnt noxp it begins to come in flay 

again 33tf 

The Rickets brought Boots into fajhiott 337 

pild Immerjion a Sfecifick dn for the Rickets 


fn the River Trahcnta a great multitude were Bap- 

firmed 5*> 57 

The River Glen, a gr^at number of Perfons were 

Bmiz^ed therein ^6 

The River Swalva, fever al Baptisicd therein 5$ 
Bathing in Rivers^ Ijow beneficial 9J 

Tl^e Romans had both their Religious Ceremonies and 

their Phyfick from the Grecians 5 

■ ■ ■ *they improved the Art of Cold Bathing 6 

^accounted it opprobriotrj ncc natava:, nec li* 
teras fcirc 93 

they had their Pifcina on the North fide df 

their Baths 1 34 

J^rhattg the Ronuns it was a form of Reproach 

f tell a Man he could neither Kead nor Sanm 

Th9 Church of Rome hath drawn Jbort Compendiums 

of bi»h Sacraments t { 

Oflk Bathing generally praEhifed /ft Rome for near 

'400 pars ^ I ^4 

/I Rupbre cured by the Old Baths 1 20^ 

Gg4 XH 

Thd Index. 

3T?r RuiTians 54pri/i» confiier*d 89 

: ■ I s. . . • 


f ■ 

Tlbf Church of Rome W/i ^r^vn Jbprr Omf indium 

pf tin Sacraments \ 5 

Ti!>^ naxure of Salts , 236 

Water is the hefi Menflruum to dijfolve Salts ibid 

The Samoids about Tartary harden their new bom 

Infants either in Snow or Water 173 

The Saxons vfedLufir at ions ^ 6 

The South Saxons converted by Wilfrid 57 

The Sciatica a Species of Hheumatifn 9 

> ■ relieved ky Cold Baths 1 1 3 

!The Scurvy a new name for an old Difeafe^ caBed by 

Hippocrates the great S\At^n 10 

Swimming prefcribcd for the cure of the Scurvy 

Vndcr the Name of the Scurvy divers Difeafes 
are comprehended , hecavfe we may obferve in 
it^ a complication of divers Cacocfymias 1 56 
How Sen(ation Is made more lively 74 

A Shareing Pljyficlun defcrlbed 202 

Simples heft to ejfeEl Cures 395 

Invention of Compounds woffrorn not knowing the Vir- 
tues of Simples 187 
The motion of the Spirits In Sleep 1 4^^ 1 47 
How far the Cold Baths may be proper for Sleepy 
Difeafes 148,210 
Sleep foftens and fweetens the Juices 343 
Sir Robert Shirley In the Reign of King Charles 
the Fii n., had three of his Sons dipt in the Font 6\ 

Hot fomentations of^the Head ofcajlon Sleep* 41 


The Index. 

The Small Pox rcvkotPdby Hippocrates among the 

Spring Difciifcs 9 

Small Pox is htjurrd by d hot Rcfjmcn 230 

Hotv the Small Pox cttMc timottg the Indian?* in Pca- 

fiWania 190 

Snuir ttikivg^ exploded 383 

jit Sorhcek itt Lancafliirc is the mofi remarkable 

cold Sprif/f^ 153 

Spchnail cited for itffertim that l.ncius writ to 

Eleuthcriiis/0 fhid Afijjtortaries into Enghwxd ta 

Convert and Buptiz^c the Nation 5ff 

f or the fraElife of Immerfion iff Boftifm 58 


In all Sf rains cold Afflivations mojl proper 3 8 J 

j4 Spring covered ly a Building is much colder than 

one uncovered 1 05 

Sprlnp-watcrcflVoW «;//f //ott/r is much colder in 

the Night than in the Day 330 

Decayed Stomach reflored'by the Bath Waters 191 
Inveterate pains of the Stomach cured by Itnmerfion 

Stomachick pains when pungent are mojl exqui" 

fite 219 

Infants arc fubjefl to the Stone, and are often hinrn 

with it " 78 

The Stone in the Kidneys cured by cold Bathing 

Straho cited for affirming that the Water if the 
Kiver Cydnus was beneficial in curing the GetA 

Stupidity is proof agamfl S;ityr 204 

Sudor) Ticks how prejudicial 20p 

Ctufes of SupprcfUon of Vrine ^ 57 

A Surfeit of Salmon how cured XQ% 


The Index. 

fiari SwathlAE of Childrtn how frefudicial 340 
^weatmg tifiivy the Indians for the cure of 1%- 

versy and immediately flimging themfehes in told 

Water 289 

■ $y\ralva the name of a Riv^r wbereiri many Perfons 

were Baptifed 55 

Swimming preferibed foir euro rf tht Scnn^y 

Swimming in the Sea^ bywhor^and forwhat^om-^ 

mended "ijl^&C. 

$wimmih^ <j^»^wfcf Afir^^ ' 153 

^7imTa\ti% good for furfeits heating 2oy 

Jk fonner times atmofi a$ Men were SWiiiimws 

5yIviusV defcriftion of the Vox '' *' ; ij^ 

, . , T. 

ifcplperaiice recommended 3 ^ 

Tipinjperance^^r^o/JD/Vf neceffarfto the prolongation 

\'\if Life ' 418 

Tender Conflittnions how to be prepared for Cold 
,Sdihs 95 

^eadernefs cured by Cold Bathing 155, 375^ 375 
T%e Tetanus is only a laJUng O-atnp 3 8 

neTctSinus cured iy Cold Bathing 145 

Thiirft) is an hftdmrieatiott 235 

'* I hew to be quenched 249 

A fore Throat eured by Gld Bathing 35 5 

ToDacco brought a Perfon to the brink of the Grave 

Kcrckringius'j Opinion of Tobacco 295 

Tobacco prejudicial to yotmg^ but fafe for old Per- 
fons 359 


The IkdBX. 


The rift of Tobacco takivr 381 

/JaB" the Tongiiefc, a Tartarian PetfUy iutrdnttt 

thtmftlvti Ag4irtfi the extreme cold of tht. Air 

Vahenta a River wherein greAt multitudes wire 
Baftiz.ed 5*j S7 

rinc Jmmtrfion of Children necefary , tj^ei- 
cialfy in Families fubjct'i to Hereditary XHfe*- 
fes 5» 

Trine fmmerfwn fofitivefy trefcribed 5 ^ 

aTrtnc Jmmerfon « mofi to be approved 60 

ufed in the Englifll Churth in King Edward 

VI. D^s ibid 

''Both hot and cold tVater are good for the TuniOurs 
in the yoints jf^ 

fZsUxis advifei SaimmiMg for the Tympany 1 4^ 

u.v. _ 

ji Varlx with an Ulcer cured hy Cold Bathing i ly 
VaiinfteiS Mcomit of the Coptis Baftizjng them' 
fetves 88 

^ Venetian Conful at Smyrna MmfiiFrancifcoLu- 
patlbli, lived 1 1 3 Te*rs aq-j 

Baccius'j advife in the Cafeof a Vertigo 144 

Vefputins cited t^out the A mericans curet of fe- 
vers 131 
Virgil cited for defcribing the waiting of ^neas ip- 
fore he Sacrificed to thcGeds ^ 
Virgil'/ Cold Bath 4JI 
But two Perfons died on hoiidow- Bridge in tin i^Ut 
time of the Vifitation ^»wo 1 66% 211 
.Unftion of OiUdren ufed before Baftifm rfj 
"the Unflions ufed hy tht Anciemt conftdtred 1 \6 


The Index. 

jibn^ livd Family named Unthankc 412, 413 
Vomiting cured by the Cold Bath i itf 

An Experiment made of Febrile Urine 237 

€jiufes of fupprejfton of Urine 3 j I 

The external Uic of Medicines agrees with -their in^ 

wardUfc 16 

ji/l IJftion leaves alcalious and caufiicat Saks either 

Fixt or Volatile 236 



Wattr^dr inking its advantaga 109 

Petrifying by Water ancienterth^if the Law of Mo- 

•Vfes 2,3 

THe general effects of Water 35 

Common Water, its nfe in Bathing pj 

i ts life to cure Horfes p6 

to curr Men ibid 

Watermen rarely infcUed with tht Plague 233 

Water is the befi Afetjflrunm to diffolve Salts 1^6 

The mofiflmple atid elcme/^ary is thebejf W^ter ibid 

The nature of Briftol Waters 239 

IVhat Water finefifor dri /iking 299 

M^rTW Water dra?/k prevents bilious Cblicks 300 

The nature of VJ^Xtr^ con fidcr^d 259 

The power of cold Water in the fupprejfton of Vrine 

evinced 3.497 &C. 

The Welch have 7norc lately left Immerfion than the 

Enp,li(h ^'14 

The Welch Baptiz.c bydipjping 87 

The Welch Sayin-i concerning the Rickets 94 

Weaknefs cured by cold Water 377 

Wearinefs taken off by the ufe of cold Water 388 

A Well near Stow which had been a Baptijlery cures 

foreHyes^ Scabs^ &c. 17 

,4 Well at Wy in Kent very famous 7 


SOOKS fthtiifor William Innys, at th 
Prince's Arms in St. Paul'i Chursh-j*ri^ 

pUjfitvthttUty ! 01, A DcinDtiArjiloti or ibc ncing lad 
f Atinbut«t of GoJ, from hit Woj'kt ol Cieaiioti ; being 
lIiG SublUntt oi l< Sermoni prciili'il in S. Mnryltiew 
Ohitidi, LmifDMt u <lio HniiourAble Mr. Keylit Lcuuiei, lA 
ilie Ycjri ITU) ind ■7i*< wiili Urga Ndcci, and minjr 
euitoui ObrcrvMioii!. iJy tK. Vtrhum,«i of Upraii»- 

/!w i» /•;ir«''. "nJ P-R..S. rtt rb'rd Sd'ticn. 1714. »«. 

A^ro-Oaolm i or, A Dcinonlluiion ol' rlio Utine and 
Anribiicet of God. Irom a Survey of iImj Kmvciu ; iluitiri- 
■ed wuli Coppar l'Uc«. By M'. Vrrb/uri, Ketior of Lto* 
m;B/J«f in i'J«», »n4 P. R. 5. r?i<. 8^. 

The Wifdoin ol God nuinlL'ncJ in tlia Work* of ihe 
Creation. In Two I'trti, w>. TJ»c Liftavculy Bodiai. Elo- 
inentit Meicon, FofliU, Vc|;«jWc?, Aiiiinali, fB«;irt(, 
BinJt, rilhei, md InfediJ mgru jurticuljflv m tlic liody 
pt the >'arch^ iti Viffiti, Moiioii, iind Cutilillcncv, in tlii 
■tdmirobl* Scrufliire at tlie Itoiiici of Mm, and otlivr Ant- 
miU, in «lfo m tlicir Oeuer.ition, t^i-. Willi Anlwan to 
fbtnc Ol>jefUoiii. by Jehu Jtov, Ure rellowol lb* Koyal 
Society, fbf &nh BdilK*. if id. Ufa. 

Tlirci Vbyfitc-rbtohiiUal UiUotiifei. loiicerning, I. Tin 
Frtinitwn Cl>4oi, and Crcaiioii ul lim World. II. The 
general PBluea, iti Caufei anS lUi'ntH. Ml. Tlic DifTolu- 
110 n of ilio world, and tuime Contljftracion. Wlierein 
«H litgoly dikulleJ, the I'l'Diihaiuii mid Ult of Moun- 
,l»in«; tlic OriKJiul «l fowiiMiiu, ol loiumJ Stonct, and 
Se.i-lin><;> lioii.1 <i>d Sl»>llf louxd 1,. (lie Cartl. ; ilio UtiH 
af'partimbt I'looJ<, md Iniiiij^tKuti j) ti,G sea i the Bru|>- 
tioui of Vulcaiio'i , the Nature and Canlei ul EartU.ju*ket. 
Al'o an Hiftoiicil Account ut ihulc [\vn kit t«iiiarkaUe' 
6ne» ill 'famAna and RntlAtiA. Witii KraCLical Infcroii- 
Ml. liy John Ray, lace f e How ol li.e Ky^t .?« •';. Tit 
Third I'.Aitian, iunftiaied w«h Copprt-Hatei, and inuctt 
mord anlaigad tlian tlic I'onuer £ditioiii, Iroin ibe Ati- 
tlioi'iown MSS. r?!}. \iv». 

tb.\rm»iefasiii ExftnfaHmiit i 01, A Dodv of MedicirMt, 
com.tiuin|{ a Ttioufand felv^ VtcIcriOEi, nnlMenng moA 
Intintiunt nt'Cui'C ; lo wbi<.h are added uiuliil .N,#.^l,«, i 
Cat-ilogiic of Kcmediet) and a copioM InJi;* lor the Alli- 
ftance ofyoimi; I'iiylii'uni : ■J'lt Si-'inJ Sd^tim, witli larue 
AddmuH, by ii)0 Author 11 , liiUit. i?!^ Htv 

The Index. 


Wells dedicated to 5. Winifred 4fid 5. Monali 6,7 

, their Defcriftion and VJi 168 

WcW'H^ater mt fit to he drank. 300 

W er Weather beft for Cold Bathitifs v \ /\ 73 
ir/;r /nr^i/ Confiquencos of WhorctTftrn 285 

W'iwe'drjfskers fatting to drink Afult tic^uorsy fre^ 

fjite fitly Jlideinto Drofpes 380 

^■iiX^'Kino^ar good for the fUyue;^ and all material 

C.ifes of Poyfon 209 

Willi id converted the SonUj Saxons to tijo Faith 

WifUom and FoKy imftittd to our natural Tempe^ 

vAmeytts l^'ill 

The Ctiftom of Baptlz^ing naked Womca 55 

Womcns vicious Diet and Re^imen^ with their Ef" 

ftEls " 7^ 

A lerfoi cured c/Wornis hy Sfvimming 273, 274 

Y. ',/\-;., 

Young VerfvHS ought to ufe Cold Baths. 20 4. 

The Indians xoafi} their Young Infants in cold ^ 

Streams as foon as born^ at all Seafons of the Tear 

A Young Gentlewoman killed by Retention ofVrint 

3 SO '. 

'GiL ^ V£. '^7 

7i. ^.. 

F I N I S.