RELATING TO ANTIQUITY.
PUBLISHED BT THE
SOCIETY OF ANTIQUARIES OP NEWCASTLE-TJPON"-TYNE.
IS. (DOUBLE.) JLTJO-TJST, I860.
NE WCASTLE-UPON-TYNE :
KMiSKSON CIIARNLEY, o, BIGG MARKET
BY J. ,a. FORSTER, CLATTOX STKSKT.
RELATING TO ANTIQUITY.
PUBLISHED BY THE
SOCIETY OF ANTIQTJABIES OF NEWCASTLE-UPON-TYNE.
WILLIAM DODD, No. 5, BIGG MARKET
PRINTED BY J. G. FOKSTER, CLAYTON STREET.
MARSKE (with illustrations). THE REV. JAMES RAINE, M.A. ... 1
EARLY GERMAN VERSIONS OF THE BIBLE. DR. CHARLTON . . . .91
ROUTINE BUSINESS OF THE SOCIETY AND MINOR MATTERS, passim. .
ALA PETRIANA. DR. BRUCE 98
SAXON WARKWORTH (with illustrations). THE REV. J. W. DUNN-. . . 100
FLINT IMPLEMENTS. MR. LYALL and Others 102, 108
DENISESBURN. MR. COULSON 103
ROMAN CARLISLE. DR. BRUCE . , . . . . . . .109
DRINKING TRLPODS. MR. WAY and DR. CHARLTON Ill
CHIBBURN PRECEPTORY (with illustrations). MR. WILSON . . . .113
NORTH TYNDALE IN THE SIXTEBNTH CENTURY. DR. CHARLTON . . .118
ANCIENT VASES FROM MALTA. DR. CHARLTON 131
GWYN'S MEMOIR. THE EDITOR . . . 133
ROMAN INSCRIPTIONS AT LISBURN. DR. BRUCE ] 35
ROMAN STATIONS IN THE WEST. DR. BRUCE 137
THE CATRAIL. MR. WHITE . . .141
ROMAN BRIDGE AT CILURNUM. MR. CLAYTON 142, 148
INLAID SPEAR-HEAD. DR. CHARLTON 143
MITHRAS. DR. BELL 144
ROMAN HEXHAM. DR. BRUCE 145
ROMAN ROADS IN SCOTLAND. MR. WHITE 149
HEXHAM CHURCH. THE EDITOR ......... 150
IMPLEMENTS OF THE SAXON PERIOD FOUND NEAR LANCHESTER. DR.
THE CARR MS. DR. HOWARD 161
BOOK COVERS. DR. HOWARD 162
BEACONS IN 1804. MR. TUREMAN 162
ELECTION FAVOURS AND CHAIRS IN DURHAM. MR. TRUEMAN . . .163
NEW PERCY SEAL. THE EDITOR 165
NEWCASTLE NEWSPAPERS. MR. HINDE 166
THE CORBRIDGE LANX. MR. WAY 166
THE TWENTIETH LEGION. DR. BRUCE 168
DAGGER FROM MUGGLESWICK. DR. CHARLTON 170
CHALICE FROM HEXHAM. DR. CHARLTON 170
NORTHUMBRIAN CHURCHES. MR. WILSON 172
CORRUPT ORTHOGRAPHY OF LOCAL NAMES. MR. CARR . . . .172
BP. RUTHAL'S LETTER ON THE BATTLE OF FLODDEN. MB.. WHITE 175
"A braver sylvan mayd,
Scarce any shire can show ; when to my river's ayd,
Come Barney, ArsTce, and Marske, their soveraigne Swale to guide,
From Applegarth's wide waste, and from New Forrest side.
"Whose fountaines by the fawnes and satyrs, many a yeere,
"With youthful greens were crownd, yet could not stay them there,
But they will serve the Swale, which in her wandring course,
A nymph nam'd Holgat hath, and Risdale, all whose force,
Small though (God wot) it be, yet from their southerne shore,
"With that salute the Swale, as others did before,
At Richmond, and arive, which much doth grace the flood,
For that her precinct long amongst the shires hath stood."
(Drayton's Address to the Swale in his Polyolbion, Ft. II. 144.)
THE village of Marske lies in the middle of some of the finest scenery
that even Swaledale can shew. It is distant from Richmond, as you
travel towards Reeth, about five miles. You may reach it by two dif-
ferent routes. The New Road runs boldly up the valley of the Swale
within half a mile of the village ; but with the exception of a single
glimpse of the hall, the passer by can only admire the long sloping pas-
tures curving abruptly towards the north and crowned by thriving
woods. The Old Road from Richmond skirts the hills on the northern
bank of the Swale, and enters the village by a wild and precipitous
descent called Clapgate. The church, the hall, and some twelve or
fifteen low grey-slated houses, scattered along the banks of a pretty
rivulet which takes its name from the village constitute the whole of
Marske. It has a southern aspect and lies low and warm at the foot of
a long steep hill called Marske edge, which shelters it from the north ;
to the south-east the valley gently undulates and widens through ter-
raced gardens and copses towards the Swale ; and above it, full against
the sky, is the bold outline of the Red scar and the green rounded hills
of Downholme, which are still reckoned among the estates of the lordly
house of Bolton. To the north-west the valley sweeps away to Glints
NEW SERIES VOL. V. B
and Skelton, hemmed in by wood-crowned hills, and rich with the
finest pasture land. A pretty little Early English bridge spans the beck
and leads you past the hall.
Dr. Whitaker was greatly struck by the beauties of the scenery, and
describes them with all that charming gracefulness of diction which more
than atones for his inaccuracies and deficiencies as an historian. And
he might well admire them. On the hills above you have the wildest
country, moss and moor, upon which the hand of cultivation has made
but little progress ; but in the vallies that run among them there is the
most luxuriant verdure. They remind you strikingly of the little vallies,
bright with the richest green, that run up to the stony bases of the Alps,
or of the friths and straths that you may see among the Scottish moun-
tains. At Marske, however, the woods with which the hills are crowned
enhance the beauty of the landscape, and give a grace which you may
look for in vain in Italy and in Scotland. ^Nature is here most lavish of
her beauties : the inequalities of the ground give her constant opportuni-
ties of displaying them, and at every turn you have something to attract
the fancy and please the eye.
The village of Marske has never probably been much larger than it is.
The position attracted the notice of the ancient lords of Richmond, to
whom it was given by the king at very early times, and they built them-
selves a hunting box in that little green valley, which in course of time
was bestowed upon a favourite retainer. He took up his abode upon the
spot and erected a few cottages for his labourers and tenants. With
their assistance he cleared the valley of wood and kept it in cultivation.
Above him on all sides were moors and forests. To the north and east
the great wood of Applegarth, the chase of the earls of Richmond,
skirted his estate, and during the long nights of winter his retainers
could hear with alarm the howling of the wolves which they were not
permitted to destroy, as they came trooping after the startled deer from
the white rocks of Glints. The forests are now gone, and more land has
been assarted and become amenable to the share, but it is probable that
the whole population of the parish is not materially different from what
it was in the earliest times. A country gentleman, at the present day,
has fewer retainers beneath his roof than his ancestors, and any
increase in the number of villagers only makes up the deficiency in the
hall. A small agricultural parish with a limited sphere of labour and
few requirements is subject to very little change. In 1801 the popula-
tion of the parish was 239; in 1811, 247; in 1821 and 1831, 290; in
1841, 274; and in 1851, 244. In 1851 there were only 47 inhabited
houses iii the parish.
THE CHURCH. 3
THE CHURCH stands on a warm slope in the centre of the little
village, among trees and gardens. The churchyard still retains the
socket of its ancient cross. The church itself is a small edifice and has
never been highly decorated, nor is elaborate ornamentation necessary in so
retired a place. It is dedicated to St. Edmund. It consists of a north
aisle, nave, and chancel. In the outer wall of the nave there are re-
mains of Norman masonry ; the south door and, singularly enough, the
little bellcote at the west end are of the same style of architecture.
The bellcote contains two ancient bells. The windows, with the excep-
tion of one of Late Perpendicular work in the chancel, are entirely
modern. In the interior, the pillars in the nave appear to be of Early
English work, but they are much disfigured by whitewash. There is
nothing in the fittings to deserve any remark.
The patrons of the living have always been liberal benefactors to the
fabric. The font, of rude and coarse workmanship, bears the initials
T M H and the date 1663. Dr. Whitaker gives an engraving of it. It
must have been the gift of Timothy Hutton, a younger son of Sir
Timothy. He married Margaret daughter of Sir John Bennet, and was
a merchant in Leeds. On the two windows on the south side of the
nave is the date 1683 and the name of John Hutton, Squ. They must
have been put in by some village mason, so rudely are they done. In
1762 Mr. Home, the rector, put a new roof upon the chancel, which
cost him 121. About thirty years ago the church, which was in a state
of great decay, was restored by John Hutton, Esq., the late munificent
owner of the estate. The chancel, which was of Late Perpendicular
work, was rebuilt, a porch erected, and the whole of the fittings of the
In the windows of the nave are two shields of arms inserted by Timo-
thy Hutton, Esq., the simple bearing of Hutton, and Hutton impaling
The late Mr. Dixon of Middleham, in his MS. description of the church,
speaks of "a curious old poor-box and a very old chest with a circular
top like to one which is at Eingall." The collections at the Heralds'
College have been searched in vain for any church notes at an earlier
The communion plate consists of a small silver salver bearing the arms
of Mason, a double-headed lion rampant, with a mermaid for a crest with
her usual accompaniments, "a comb and glass in hand." Around the
rim is engraved Jere. Mason, born in the parish of Marsh, July the 20,
anno Dom. 1642." These arms were borne by the poet Mason. There
is also a silver chalice and cover with the inscription For Marsk church.
1665. Cost 21. Is. Qd. A pewter basin for the alms bears the initials
J. IT., and there is an old pewter flagon.
Before the church was restored there were on the floor several grave-
covers bearing " crosses of curious and varied forms." They were in the
pavement before the altar rails and in the porch. Dr. "Whitaker gives
an engraving of one on which are represented the book and chalice of a
priest, but it is remarkable for nothing but its extreme ugliness. All of
these stones were destroyed at the restoration of the church.
At the same time disappeared the following memorial, which Dr.
Whitaker justly calls a "pedantic relic of a pedantic age." Some ac-
count of the writer will be found among the rectors of the church. On
three oaken panels fastened to the north wall of the chancel within the
altar rails was the following inscription :
Jacksoniomnema, in piam memoriam, non in vanam gloriam, positum.
H. S. E.
Cujus etiam mater (foe-
Prseivit aut sequetur om-
Barclaius Jackson, f.
mina illustri prosapia"
nis hoa homo.
Johannis Jackson, rec-
oriunda et virtuti dedi-
Vides, stupesq'. quin
toris hujus ecclesiae ex
tissima) exuvias mortal-
dilecta conjuge Johan-
itatis hie deposuit, claus-
Cupiditatibus tuis statim
na Bowes de Aske,
it diem suum turn clara
cujus vita punctum
evOavaffia, ttim summo
Deoq' te dicare, sic diu,
fuit aut paulo produc-
bonorum omnium moe-
tius momentum: obiit
rore, anno salutis suae
Eris modo bonus, sic et,
1G39, Julii 24, set. 41.
Fruere mortuus beati-
Sic lafjiftt^ei pro defunc-
tis suis charissimis
pariter ac mellitissimis
o [j.efj.ovwfjievos. (I Tim.
KOI o eAap/0TOTe^)O9.
(Ep. v. 8.)
Vita hominis fabula ; nee refert quam longe sed quam bene acta.
(Sen. Ep. 77.)
Against the south wall of the chancel was another monument of wood,
made with doors after the form of a cupboard or closet. The inscrip-
tions, &c. were painted upon the wood.
On the East Door.
Sacrum piae memorise Johanna? Jack-
son, filise Kadulphi Bowes, armigeri,
uxoris Johannis Jackson, theologi.
" Mulier timens Dominum, ipsa lau-
dabitur." (Pro. xxxi, 30.)
A woman in the act of prayer.
Within, a figure of death.
" Thou fool, that which thou so west
is not quickened except it die." (1 Cor.
xv. 36 )
On the West Door.
A death's head with arrows in the
mouth. The usual crest of Bowes.
The arms of Bowes, Ermine, 3 bows,
gu., stringed, sable.
Within, the arms of Jackson, Arg.,
on a chevron sable, between 3 hawks'
heads erased of the second, as many
cinquefoils of the first. Crest, a horse
arg:, impaling Bowes, ermine, 3 bows
bent in pale, gules. Motto, Vertute
non sanguine. (Job. iii. 13, 14.)
Within the recess was this inscription.
VEBTCE IS THE BEST MARBLE.
Notwithstanding lie heere the pietie of John Jackson, divine and pastor of this
church, toward his most decre and blessed wife Johanna, with whom hee lived in
chast & holy wedlock a just decade of yeeres, mutually moderating ye joyes, & be-
calming ye sorrowes of eche other. Her father was Ralphe Bowes, of Barnes, Esquire,
who was only son & heyre to Robert Bowes of Ask, Esquire, a gentleman of great
wisdom & bounty, & of signall note in our English annals for his services both to state
& country. Hir mother was Mris. Johan Hedlam, the sole inheritrix of all the lands
and possessions of the cheife of that house & name. Shee was a gentlewoman well
bredd & educated, excellently catechized and principled in religion ; of a regular &
blameless conversation, a plaine & open hart, a tender conscience, a loving & kind
disposition, & lastly, for conjugall love and bowells of mercy shee was much more
then vulgar. Shee had notable gusts & pra3 instincts of hir desolution, singular pre-
occupations and ante pasts of hir future happiness. In the latter end of her sickness
her soule grew truly divine & spiritualized, powring forth many devout prayers,
psalmes, hymnes, and ejaculations, with unexampled fervour of spirit, and uttering
fayr & godly sentences & apophthegmes, worthy to be written in golden characters.
So as, indeed, hir last act deserves to be a patterne or prototype to dying Christians
for a whole succeeding age or century of the church. And being thus ceased upon
by heavenly-mindedness, and by gratious illapses of the spirit into her soule, shee
finally payed her debt to nature, on the vigil of St James, July the 24th, and in the
yeere of the last patience of the saints, 1639. Eeader, if thou wert about to marry,
thou wouldst wysh such a wife ; if to dye, such a death. God, let hir soule inces-
santly prayse thee : fill hir brimmfull of the beatificall vision ; and tho' hir body be
sowen in weakeness and corruption, yet raise it again to immortalite and glorie ; and
(lastly) gather in peace unto hir me her desolate husband : I. I. 1
1 My authorities for these two inscriptions, both of which are now gone, are Dr.
Whitaker, an account of Marske Church in the Northern Star, ii., 100, 101, and
some church notes made by the late Mr. Richard Dixon of Middleham, which have
been kindly shewn to me by my friend Mr. Hailstone.
On a marble tablet fixed against the north wall of the chancel, and
surmounted by a bust, is the following inscription. Below it are the
To the memory of John Hutton of Marske, Esq re ., M.A. of Christ's College, Cam-
bridge, A.D. 1797, and High Sheriff of Yorkshire, A.D. 1825. The generous patron of
Societies for Agriculture, Literature, and Science : the liberal landlord and kind en-
courager of all practical improvements : the steady supporter on every occasion of
political reform, and the hospitable gentleman in the hall of his ancestors, honored
and beloved by all who entered it as guests and as friends. He was born the 24th
day of September, A.D. 1774, and he died the 14th day of August, A.D. 1841.
Close to it is another inscription, and there is no other in the church.
Sacred to the memory of the Rev. John Fisher, B.A., rector of this parish, who
died Sep. 12, 1808, set. 38. Also of Eliza Fisher his daughter, who died Jan. 23,
1820, set. 23. Also of Judith Fisher his widow, who died June 3, 1846, set. 76.
In the churchyard there is no monument of any moment, these two
Mary wife of the Rev. Win. Kendall, rector of Marsk, died Feb. 12, 1845, aged 72.
The Rev. William Kendall, rector of this parish, died Sep. 2nd, 1855, aged 72 years.
" What I say unto you I say unto all, Watch." St. Mark, 13 chap. 37 ver.
In memory of William Rookby, aged 37, and Joseph Rookby, aged 33 years, who
were drowned in Clapgate beck on Saturday the 16th day of November, 1771. They
were the only sons of William and Jane Rookby of Greta Bridge. Also, of Margaret
the widow of William Rookby above mentioned, and daughter of John and Elizabeth
Mewburn of Skelton, who died the 29th day of October, 1826, aged 86 years.
RECTORS. E. cAPELLANirs DE MEESC, occurs in a charter circa 1225.
SAMUEL, PEESO^A DE MEESC, occurs in a Marrick charter circa 1240.
JOH:^, PEESOXA DE MEESC, witnesses one of the Marske charters, to-
gether with John, clericus de Mersc, circa 1270. He occurs also in
PHILIP DE SAPEETON, occurs as rector in no less than twenty- seven of
the Marske deeds between 1294 and 1302. He was a trustee, and
something more, in the sale of the estate.
STEPHEN DE SCEOPE, brother of Sir Henry le Scrope and uncle of
Harsculph de Cleseby, occurs as rector in 1310. In 1320-21 he is
mentioned in a legal document at Marske relating to Peldom common.
He, also, occurs as rector in the Scrope and Grosvenor Roll. He be-
came rector of Wharram Percy 15 kal. Sep. 1323, and was, I believe,
prebendary of Welton Paynshall at Lincoln from 1322 to his death in
1327. (MSS. Harl., 6954, 53, a.)
THOMAS DE LATON, son of Robert de Laton of West Laton, near Rich-
mond. He is mentioned in 1354, and in other years, among the Laton
and Marske charters. On 12 Apr. 1347, the Archbishop of York granted
letters dimissory to Thos. de Laton, rector of Marsk. The Latons had
at this time some property in Glints.
JOHN DE PRESTON, inst d . 24 Oct. 1362, at the presentation of Hars-
culph de Cleseby. (Reg. Archid. Richmond.)
JOHN DE CLESEBY, inst. on the death of Preston, 21 June, 1394,
Thomas de Cleseby his brother presenting him. On 1 3 March, 1399-1400,
a John de Cleseby was ordained sub-deacon by the Archbishop of York,
the hospital of St. Nicholas', near Richmond, giving him a title. He
was made deacon 13 Apr. 1400. In 1429 Robert Place of Egton
makes him one of his executors and leaves him " optimum ciphum
meum, murrain, argento ligatam." (Test. Ebor. ii. 10.) He occurs
frequently among the Marske deeds. In 1401 he acquires lands in
Cleasby lately belonging to Thos. Cleseby of Cleasby. In 1476 John
Trollop of Thornley, co. Durham, Esq., leaves a sum of money to the
friars of Hartlepool to pray for Cleseby' s soul. Trollop's grandmother
was Cleseby' s niece, and he had been a trustee in the marriage settle-
ments. (Wills and Inv., 97 : Surtees's Durham, i. 193.)
JOHN DOBLEY, inst. 23 Feb. 1440, per mort. Cleseby, Chr. Conyers,
Esq., of Hornby, presenting him in right of Ms ward Eliz. dan. and heir
of Robert Cleseby: ob. 23 May, 1446. (Reg. Archid. Richmond.)
RICHARD BENNOK, inst. 31 May, 1446, per mort. Dobley, Conyers
again presenting. (Reg. Archid. Richmond.) 'Occurs as rector 1451.
JOHN PLACE, occ. as rector in a Marske charter in 1476. There was a
close connection, probably of blood, between the Places and Clesebies.
JOHN WEDDALL, occurs Jan. 1531-2, in the will of Wm. Conyers, Esq.
MATTHEW BLAYMYER, occurs as rector, in 1552 and 1559, in wills at
Richmond. On 23 Nov. 3 Eliz., Rolland and Richard Huchonson of
Skelton, yeo., lease to James Phillip of Brignell, gen., the church and
parsonage of Marske, and the glebe land, for 9 years, as they then had
it by grant from Sir Matthew Blamyer, parson of Marske.
ANTHONY ADDISON. It is not known when he obtained the living.
On March 9, 1603-4, he makes his will, nuncupatively, which was
proved at Richmond in December. It is very short. He mentions in
it his wife, and leaves his children to the care of Henry Phillip, gen.,
and Robert Willance of Richmond, draper. He was buried at Marske
on the llth. 2 Five days after this his inventory was made, and all his
effects were valued at the trifling sum of 3\l. 19s., but he had 45?. 6s.
in gold and silver in the rectory house. The schedule of his debts
gives us some interesting information, especially as to the income of the
rector at that time. Eoger Beckwith owes him 20?. "Mr. Henry
Phillippe of Wensley, 20/. Mr. Hutton, parson of Barningham, 20s.
Mr. Hutton, for the rent of Orgate Spring, 10s. Cuthbert Eichardson,
2 yeares' tythe, 12^. Thomas Dente, for haye tythe, 6d. Edmond
Higton, for oblacions, 6^. Thomas Temple, for a henn, 6d. Ewen
Eerie and Thomas Husband, their tieth woole, Ewen 2 yeares, and
Thomas 1 yeare. Eowland Langley, for tyeth of sheep of Skelton
mower goinge. Nicholas Smithson of Moulton, for tyth of his weathers.
Mr. Hutton, for tythe woole of his sheepe of Maske moore, and for
haye tithe of Orgate close, and for his oblacions." He owes 20s. to
Mrs. Bradley for rent, and 30?. to Agnes Phillip for her portion. He
had probably been a trustee under the will of one of the Phillip's.
JOHX PRICE, A.M., said to have succeeded on the presentation of
Timothy Hutton, Esq., 21 JSTov. 1603. In the Hutton Correspond-
ence, p. 205, is an amusing letter from him to Sir Timothy Hutton
when he was at Chelsea in April 1607. It is full of those laborious
witticisms that characterise the period, and which were so much en-
couraged by Archbp. Matthew. One or two extracts from it will suf-
fice. He is not complimentary to the Eichmond postmen. As an
excuse for his silence he says "our trotters of Eichmond (sic men-
dicunt !) make so light of our letters in winter, that they make light of
them indeede ; in soommer season they are so importable, that they still
consecrate them to Yulcan or to Deucalion. Now havinge met so meete
a messenger, I may not permit him to part illiterat out of our
coasts." He now tells him of one of his youngest sons, then a mere
infant, "Little John Hutton is well at Marricke ; I saw him upon
Thursday the 16th of April." He then slips into his gaiety again,
"Your colledge of crowes multiply so exceedingly that we stand
(almost) in as great aw of them as those nanes and pigmies do of the
cranes. All Marske parish have concluded (to the utter impoverish-
inge of the poore parson) not to plough one forrow this yeare for feare
of the crowes, which will hinder me more than I speake of." The rooks
would now be in the middle of the breeding season; they are still
domiciled in the lofty sycamores that overhang the hall.
2 Anth. Addison, quondam rector ejusdem ecclesise bur. His dau. Eliz. was bap. on
Sep. 28, 1598, and his son Timothy on 22 Sep. 1601. The children bear the names
of the lord and lady of Marske, who probably stood for them at the font a high
honor in those days, and the names shew that the rector appreciated it.
JOHN JACKSON, A.M., p. m. Price 28 Aug. 1623. He was the second
son of John Jackson, 3 rector of Melsonby, and was born in 1600. He
received his education at Lincoln College, Oxford. From 1618 to 1620
he was master of the free school at Richmond.
Jackson seems to have been a man of piety and learning, and these
qualifications recommended him to the notice of Sir Timothy Hutton
and his son. He had his residence occasionally with the family in the
hall, and at Sir Timothy's death there was a room there called "Mr.
Jackson's chamber." He witnesses the will of that worthy knight, who
leaves to " my very good friend, Mr. John Jackson, preacher at Marske,
one twenty shillings peece of gould to make him a ringe." The testa-
tor charges his son "that he will alwaies keepe a Levite in his house,"
and we may infer, therefore, that Jackson continued to be closely con-
nected with the family after his benefactor's decease. He was probably
the writer of the inscription upon Sir Timothy's monument in Richmond
church, and, perhaps, drew up his will. "With Matthew Hutton, Esq., Sir
Timothy's son, Jackson was on the most familiar terms. There are
two letters from him in the Hutton Correspondence, which give us a
very favourable notion of his epistolary powers. 4
3 He became rector of Melsonby in 1573, and held it till he died. He was buried
at Richmond Feb. 20, 1606-7. His widow survived him more than 20 years. She
makes her will at Richmond, where she seems to have resided, on Nov. 3, 1628. It
was drawn up, I should imagine, by her son John. " Jesu direct me. I legacye and
bequeath that parte of me which is immortall, my soule, into His hands "Who elected
me before time, redeemed mee in the fullness of tyme, created rue in time, Who
hath mercifully preserved me from tyme to lyme, and Who shall glorifie me when
time shall be noe more ; Him doe I humbly beseech in all tearmes of holy abasement
before Him, even for His Sonne's sake and my dear Saviour's sake, Jesus Christ, to be
with mee to the end, and in the end preservinge my soule because it belongs to Him,
and preservinge my body as belonginge to y e soule. I say noe more, but ' I am Thine,
save me.' Psal. 119. Secondly, for my corps, the lay parte of me and sheath of
my soule, I will that my bones be laid beside the bones of my deare husband in the
church yard of Richmond with such decent solemnitye as my children shall thinke
fittinge, knowinge y 4 suche things are not to be neglected of them, though they be to
be contemned of mee. My eldest son Timothy Jackson (clerk] and John his son.
To my younger sons John and Nathaniel my burgages and lands in Richmond. And
thus, my lovinge children, the blessinge of your mother's death bed be with you,
commendinge my motherly love to you, and you to God, with whose merciful!
providence I durst well have trusted you, if I had had noethinge at all to have given
you. Moreover, in token of my loyall love and affection to my dead husband, I gyve
his daughter Dorothy a small house at Brignell and, after her death, the rent thereof
to be distributed among the poore of Richmond and Melsonby. To our godly pastor,
Mr. Thomas Rookesby, 5 marks." Her burial is thus recorded by the " godly
pastor." " Hanna Jackson vidua pia ac valde beneficens, quondam uxor magistri
Johannis Jackson, rectoris ecclesiae de Melsonbe, sep. 7 Nov., 1628."
Timothy Jackson was, I am inclined to think, the author of an Exposition on the
Second Epistle to the Thessalonians, published in 4to at London, in 1621. His son
John was also in orders.
4 Cf. Hutton Correspondence, 259, 260. Both of these letters were written in the
year 1637, when Mr. Hutton was from home. A letter in those days was quite an
In 1 629 Jackson took to himself a wife. The lady had good blood in
her veins, being the daughter of Ralph Bowes, Esq., of Barnes, in the
Bishoprick of Durham, and granddaughter of Robert Bowes, the well-
known ambassador to Scotland. Her mother was the heiress of the old
Yorkshire house of Hedlam of Nunthorpe. They were married in Dur-
ham, at the church of St. Mary-le-bow, on the 13th of Oct. 1629. An
only child, that died in its infancy, was the issue of the marriage. The
afflicted father shall tell his own story of his son as he has written it in
the parish register of Marske.
" Berkely Jackson, son and only child of John Jackson, rector of this
parochiall church of Marsk (who was second son to John Jackson, rector
of Melsonby) by his wife Johanna, (who was second daughter to Ralfe
Bowes of Aske, Esq r .) was borne into this Bochim and valley of teares,
November 7th, about 9 a' clock in the morning, 1630 : Baptized in the
baptisterie of the said church Decemb. 5 : his godfathers being the r*.
hon. George Lord Berkely and William Bowes of Barnes, in the county
of Durham, Esq r . (his uncle) : his godmother Mrs. Francis Dodsworth
of Watlass, second daughter to S r . Tymothy Hutton late lord of this
mannour and patron of this church, and wife to Mr. John Dodsworth of
"Watlass. Hee did but tast of the mortality and misery of this life,
in w** hee was only about xxij weekes, and dyed April 19th, anno
XpiffTo^oviu.? 1631. His soul being so speedily returned to God that
gave it, his body was sheeted in leade and lyes interred close to the
north wall of y e quire, within the railes, in a vault made within the
ground, as y inscription in the wainscott shewes.
" Joanna, mother to y 6 sayd Berkeley, dyed in y e Lord in y e south cham-
ber of the parsonage of Marske, July 24th 1639, the eve of St. James."
undertaking, and we can well imagine how carefully it would be studied and written
out over and over again before it was sealed up and sent. The thirst for news, and
the uncertainty of the posts made letters very precious. A strain of servile adulation
runs through all the clerical correspondence of the day, and it is not wanting in Jack
son's letters. I give a few extracts from them.
" Good Sir, I do so thirst for your returne, and languish so thorough my defeated
hope of having enjoyed yow heere this night, that I have neither mind ne power to
write more than two words. And (indeed) to be cramped with reading a short letter
is less torment then to be putt on the rack with a long. Touching your sweet self-
multiplyed ones (of which yow desire to heare in the first place) Mr. Jones, in your
absence, hath bone as carefull of them as one could be of a christall glass. They are
all three as your owne harts could wish them ; that is, very well, save that Jacky
laboureth a little in his eyes. Babby (whose innocent actions carry theyr warrant
with them) cheerea us all with her warme and moyst kisses .... From Marske,
a place seated betweene 4 great hills, or (as yow may properly speake) the English
Alpes ; which, though it be our habitation, yet, in your so long absence, a place of
Nine months after this he writes again, "We now begin to grow impatient of your
long absence from us : so, as I am a generall suitour to pray yow to fold upp your
businesses and make hast northe-ward I perceave yow have very notably
fitted mee with a trilingue psalterium, which indeed is just such an one as I would
have (if it be well printed.) .... I must needs, in the behalf of my wife, pray
yow also to buy her 2 fayr and usefull bone combes, about 16 or 18d. a piece. God
send us yow saffe home is a piece of our March leiturgy."
Jackson was rector of Marske in 1648, in which year his brother
William Bowes, Esq., of Barnes, makes his will and acknowledges that
he OAves him 450. He could not have remained more than a year or
two longer, as a new incumbent appears. Anthony a "Wood tells us that
he was a member of the Assembly of Divines in 1643 and preacher at
Gray's Inn, but this may at least be doubted. Of his latter days there
is nothing known. Thoresby, however, enables us to trace him, for he
had among his MSS. " A common-place book in Latin, wherein are also
many remarks in the Italian language, by the Rev. Mr. John Jackson of
Berwick, formerly of Marsk, ex dono D. Hardcastle, Bervic." Also
"Mr. John Harrison's prayer, &c. This is not among those printed at
the request of his friends, 1 647, (by Mr. John Jackson of Berwick)." He
likewise includes Mr. ISTath. Jackson of Berwick's notes upon certain
herbs in his catalogue. Thoresby, we see, alludes to one printed work
of Jackson's ; Anthony a "Wood gives us the title of another, " The faith-
ful minister of Jesus Christ, described by polishing the twelve stones in
the High Priest's Pectoral, &c., London 1628." I can add nothing to
his description, as I have never seen the work. With one illustrious ex-
ception, Jackson is the only rector of Marske who has printed anything.
EDMUND MATJLEVEREE, occurs as rector in 1648 and 1655. He was a
member of the family of Mauleverer of Arncliff, which was connected by
marriage with the Huttons. In 1618 Wm. Mauleverer, Esq., in his
will says that he has given 40 marks per ann. out of Arncliffe to his son
Edmund, for his life, according to a deed made between Sir Timothy
Hutton and himself. This is, probably, the rector of Marske. 5
THOMAS HTJTTON, occurs as rector in 1659. His connection with the
family of Marske will be shewn in the following pedigree :
Philip Hutton, 4th son of Sir TimothynpElizabeth daughter of Thos.=i=Rev. Tim. Tully
Hutton of Marske, by Eliz. dau.
Sir George Bowes of Streatlam. A
"scholar" at Cambridge, 1619-23.
Rector of Langton-upon- Swale.
Bur" 1 , at Barnard Castle, Jan. 7,
1637-8. Adm. granted at York,
Feb. 15, to his widow, when all the
undermentioned children were com-
mitted to her care.
Bowes of Streatlam, Esq ,
4th son of Sir George and
her husband's first cousin.
Adm 1 ' 8 . to her husband, and
has tuition of her children j
1637. Re-mar, at Romald-
kirk, 10 Dec., 1650. Bur.
21 Oct. 1693.
of Clibborne, co.
Rector of Mid-
dleton in Tees-
dale, where he
was buried 9
He was twice
1. Matthew Hutton.
2. Timothy Hutton,
bur. at Barnard-
castle 7 April, 1639.
4. John Hutton,
3. Thomas Hutton, rector of=pMargaret
Marske, bur. there Sep. 12,
1694. In 1676 Dor. Tullie
leaves him "aginney" for
preaching her funeral sermon
Philip Hutton, born at Marske, Oct. 6, and
bp. there Dec. 14, 1659.
Elizabeth, bp. at
Anne, buried there
6 Dec., 1641.
argaret, bp. at Marske, Apr. 18,
5 In the parish register are the following entries : 1647-8 Feb. 27, Beatrice dau. of
There are among the Hutton Correspondence several letters from
Thomas Bowes, the rector's grandfather. He seems to have been fre-
quently in difficulties. The Tullies were a Carlisle family, but this is
not the place to give an account of them.
HENEY STAPYLTON, A. M., 18 Dec. 1694, p. m. Hutton. He was the
fourth son of Miles Stapylton, Esq., Secretary to Bp. Cosin, and the
grandson of Brian Stapylton, Esq., of Myton. He was, therefore, con-
nected with the families of Hutton and Dodsworth. In 1703 he was
instituted to the living of Thornton Watlass, which he held, together
with Marske, till he died. The following scrap of genealogy may be of
some use. The continuation will be found in Burke' s Landed Gentry, if I
may refer to so inaccurate a work. The descendants of the rector are now
the only male representatives of the ancient house of Stapylton of Myton :
Henry Stapylton, A. M., rector of Marske, and Thornton- :
Watlass. Entered at All Souls College, Oxford, 14 July,
1688, set. 16. A. B. 23 April, 1692. A. M. 27 Oct. 1694.
Will dated 1743. Died at Watlass. Feb. 9, 1747, and was
bur. there on the following day.
Mary, dau. Rev
Orchard of New-
bury, Berks. Bur.
at Watlass, 22 Dec.
thorpe. , Sep. 19, 1707, d.
there 3rd Oct.
1767, at. 60. M. I. Univ. Coll.
Oxford, A. B. 14 Oct. 1729.
A. M. 8 July, 1732.
i 1 i
Stapylton, 2. Lucy, dau. Oli via,=pRev.Tho. Mary, born
A. M. rector of
Thornton - Wat-
Bp. at Watlass
of Tho. Wy- bap. at
cliffe, Esq., of Watlass
Gailes, bp. 23 19 Sep.
Sep.l725,md. 1707, &
4 Feb. 1754, married
at Kirkby 13 Ap r .
Hill, by lie. 1738.
dated 31 Jan.
Robin- 2, bap. 6
son, rec- July, 1696,
tor of at Marske,
Wycliffe buried at
1731-80. Watlass 13
I Eliza, bp. at Marske 26
I Aug. 1698, m. Richard
M ary, only =F Joshua Green- Frances, bp. at Marske 11 Jan. 1700-1, ob. unmd.
well of Kib- g ara j 1) bp. 19 Feb., 1702-3, at Marske, md. at Wat-
Durlim ob' laSS 8 Aug> l733 ' Mr ' Th * Raisbe( ' k ' of Stockton - *
17*97 ^t 56 Henrietta, bp. 26 Aug. 1704, bur. 19 June at Marske.
cf. Surtees'Dur- Henrietta, bp. at Watlass 3 Sep. 1714, md, Mr. John
ham, Vol. ii. Soux of Watlass, Feb. 14, 1739-40 ^
Mr. Stapylton resided principally at Watlass, keeping a curate at
Marske. The parish register records the names of two of his curates,
Thomas Lawson in 1720, and Edward Nelson in 1730.
RICHABD HOBNE. Inducted by Mr. Blackburn, rector of Richmond,
on the presentation of John Hutton, Esq., March 3, 1747, having been
previously curate, in which capacity he appears in the parish register in
1738. He was a native of Westmerland, and his first cure was the
Edmund Mauleverer, rector, ibidem, bur. 1651, May 22, Barbara dau. do., bp. 1654-5,
Feb. 8, Francis the al deare (wife) of Edm. Mauleverer was interred in the chancell
little chapel of Lund, high up in the Dales. He held the living for a
long period, and dying on the 12th of Feb. 1803, was interred at
Marske on the 17th, set. 89. There is a portrait of him at the hall,
where he was greatly esteemed, representing him as a short thick- set
man in a huge wig. He did a good deal for the rectory house and
church. He used to go every now and then into the school at Kirkby
Hill and give the boys a holiday, using always the expressive words
which every blockhead is quick enough in comprehending, "Ite domum!
Ite domum !" Mr. Home was, also, rector of Downholme.
JOHN FISHEH, B.A., Christ's Coll., Cambridge, a college friend of Mr.
Hutton, and a native of "Westmorland, succeeded Mr. Home on the
4th of March, 1803. He was thrown from his horse on the moors, and,
breaking his leg, died from the effects of the accident on Sep. 12, 1808.
He was interred at Marske on the 14th, aged 38. He was the father
of Isaac Fisher, Esq., late of Richmond, banker, of John Hutton
Fisher, M. A., late Fellow of Trinity College, Cambridge, and now
vicar of Kirkby Lonsdale, and of Win. "W. Fisher, Esq., M. D., Downing
Professor of Medicine in the University of Cambridge.
JAMES TATE, M.A., p. m. Fisher, 10 Oct. 1808. It is no easy matter
in this narrow space to give any adequate account of the life and ser-
vices of this distinguished scholar, "the scholar of the North" par
excellence, as he was generally called.
He was a native of Richmond, a town upon which his talents conferred
so much honour. He was an alumnus of Cambridge, and graduated at
Sidney, B.A. 1794, and M.A. 1797.
In 1796 the mastership of Richmond school became vacant by the
death of Mr. Temple, and, after an examination held before the Bishop
of Chester, Mr. Tate was nominated to the office, being far superior in
attainments to the rest of his competitors. Here it was that during
nearly forty years he matured and imparted to others those vast stores of
learning with which scarcely any one was more richly endowed. No
one could be more skilful in conveying to others the knowledge which
he himself possessed. His nice appreciation of character told him where
he was to begin and how far he could go with each of his pupils, and
his enthusiastic love for what he taught, together with his childlike
simplicity of manner and unaffected kindness, won the hearts of his
scholars, whilst he raised and quickened their intellectual powers.
Although not a mathematician himself, yet the careful way in which
he led his pupils through the philosophical arrangement and the nicest
grammatical subtleties of the Greek and Latin languages prepared them
fully for the study of the exact sciences, and it was at Cambridge that
the laurels of Richmond school were principally won. The highest
prizes that Granta could offer were secured with ease by the Richmond
"When Lord Grey became prime minister of England in 1833, one of
his first acts was to reward Mr. Tate for his long services with a canonry
at St. Paul's ; this piece of preferment, together with the valuable living
of Edmonton, near London, he held till his decease in 1844.
Mr. Tate's literary works are not numerous, but they are all of them
singularly good. He contributed many papers to the classical reviews,
and his treatise on Greek Metres is well known and appreciated by every
scholar. His Horatius Restitutus gives us many most valuable illustra-
tions of the works and life of his favourite poet and his times, worked
out with that curiosa felicitas in which Horace himself was so great an
adept. The work of his leisure hours in after-life was a continuous
history of the Apostle St. Paul.
I should not omit to mention the kindliness of his warm heart, which
was ever thinking of the welfare of those around and under him. This
endeared him to his pupils more than the fascination of his intellect. Nor
did his interest in their well-being cease with their departure from his
school. At college and in after-life he was always communicating with
them, and his letters to them are full of warm sympathy and affection-
ate advice. As a letter- writer he was a perfect pattern, and should his
correspondence ever be published, it will be read with great interest
and admiration. Through his letters and his conversation there sparkled
and scintillated the keenest and most pleasing wit, that salt of the
intellect which few people with a life similarly occupied are able to
educe. No one could appreciate, or tell, a good stoiy better than Mr.
Tate. He could always enter into a joke, although, owing to the charm-
ing simplicity of his character, he would occasionally afford one. No
one could pass from grave to gay by a readier and more pleasing transi-
tion. Sydney Smith met him in a coach and told a friend that he had
been travelling with a man who had been dripping Greek. But he
could easily throw aside his sesquepedalia verla and verify the descrip-
tion which his friend Mr. Surtees of Mainsforth gave of him during a
visit to Harrogate
Doctus Tatius hie reside!,
Ad Coronam, prandet, ridet,
Spargit sales cum cachinno,
Lepido ore et concinno,
Ubique cams inter bonos
Eubei mentis praesens honos.
Between Mr. Tate and Mr. Surtees there was the most kindly feeling
and unreserved intimacy, and the wit and kindliness of heart with which
they were so richly endowed endeared them, above all, to a kindred spirit
who always accounted himself happy in having been the pupil of one
and the friend of both.
Mr. Tate held the living of Marske conjointly with the adjacent
rectory of Downholme. Upon alternate Sundays he drove to Marske,
and officiated in the church. 6 A youthful scholar of his, whom he had
taken by the hand when help was of all things necessary to him, was
frequently his companion in those journeys. He always, on that ac-
count, took the liveliest interest in that little village, and that interest
has descended to his son. That youthful scholar in after-years made
some little name himself, but he never forgot the affectionate care of his
early master, and it was his intention, had God spared him a little longer,
to have evinced his love and gratitude in a memoir of his preceptor.
" I cannot write it, I fear, but I have not the heart to say so," were
his words to his son, a few weeks before he died. Death, alas ! too soon
afterwards stilled the beatings of that affectionate heart. Others may
take up the duty which he left ; but none can fulfil it in a more kindly
and a more thankful spirit.
Mr. Tate left a large family behind him. His eldest son, another
James Tate, alter lib illo, is now master of Richmond school, to which he
was appointed when his father left the North. The present school is
one of the numerous memorials of Canon Tate which have been sug-
gested by the gratitude of his pupils. All prosperity to the school and
its master !
WILLIAM KENDALL, a native of "Westmorland, and for some time curate
at Marske, succeeded Mr. Tate in the livings of Downholme and Marske.
He died Sep. 2, 1855, aged 72, and was interred at Marske. His
cousin is now rector of Downholme. Mr. Kendall married a sister of
Mr. Fisher, his predecessor in the living.
THOMAS WILLIAM ROBSON, p. m. Kendall, instituted Nov. 2, 1855.
The present rector, to whom the writer is greatly indebted for much in-
formation relating to his cure. Mr. Robson is the eldest son of Thomas
Robson, Esq., of Holtby, and was incumbent of the neighbouring church
of Hudswell before he came to Marske.
6 Mr. Tate gave up the parsonage at Marske to his curate. One of his curates was
a Mr. Hick, father of the Rev. J. W. Hick, incumbent of Byersgreen, in the county
of Durham. Mr. Hick had a school at Marske preparatory to that of Richmond, and
his house was filled with boarders.
PARISH REGISTERS. -The Registers begin in 1597. They are
missing between 1661 and 1671, but, with this exception, they are pretty
perfect and in good condition. I give a few extracts from them,
omitting everything that can be made use of in another place.
1597. Dec. 16. Chr. son of Rowland Milner, bp. 7
1634. Apr. 7. John Higden of Marsk, and his wife Anne, dyed both
in one and the same hower and were buryed on Easter day. 8
1635. Jan. Ibbison, a groveman, buried. 9
1635. July 30. Solomon Marshall, free-mason of the hall, dyed there. 10
1637. Mr. Mcholas Foster of Bambrough, in Northumberland, dyed
at Clints, 10 Dec. bur. llth. 11
1641. June 10. Richard s. Mr. Richard Foster, a stranger which came
from Darnton, bp. 12
1642. Nov. 8. Eliz. dau. Philip Warwick, Esq., and Dorothy dau.
Mat. Hutton, Esq., bp. 13
7 The Milners formed a strong clan in Swaledale. There "was a family of the name
living at Skelton for more than two centuries. The Miiners of Nun-Appleton, near
York, came originally out of this dale, from a place called Calvet house, near Maker.
Their wealth was made by trade in Leeds, where they were on the most intimate terms
with Thoresby, the antiquary. I could connect, I dare say, the two families of Calvet
house and Skelton, but it is scarcely worth while to do so.
8 "United e'en in death." Such cases are not common. The "poet and saint"
Richard Crashaw writes the epitaph of another pair.
To these whom death again did wed,
This grave's the second marriage-bed.
For though the hand of fate could force
'Twixt soul and body a divorce :
It could not sever man and wife,
Because they both liv'd but one life.
9 A lead-miner, who was probably engaged upon his work somewhere in the parish.
A few other extracts relating, especially, to longevity may be given here " 1635. July
30. A beggar's child dyed at the byrkhouse and buried gratis. 1635. Aug. 20. Widow
Hutchinson of Helaugh in Swaledale, of an 100 y. old. 1636. Feb. 6. Francis
Place, after hee had longe layd in extreme misery, bur, Feb. 18. Old widow Bough,
aged 80 or thereabout, bur. 1742. Nov. 11. Ralph Fetherstone of Allgate, above 80,
bur. 1743. Apr. 29. Sarah Milner of Skelton Hall, aged about 91, bur. 1762. Mar.
23. Mrs. Bailden, widow, mother to Mrs. Hird, aged 96, bur."
10 Some alterations must have been going on at the hall.
11 The head of the great house of Forster of Bambro' and Blanchland.
He was probably on a visit to Glints when he died. His wife was a daughter and
coheir of Sir Wm. Chaytor of Croft. The pedigree of the family will be found in the
History of North Durham. On Apr. 29, 1642, a Mr. Francis Foster of Glints was
buried at Marske. It is probable that he was a son of the gentleman who has just been
mentioned. The Bathursts, a family deeply learned in medicine, were now connected
with Glints : did these two gentlemen come thither for advice and change of air ?
12 Some account of this family will be found in Surtees' Durham, iii., 357, and
in Longstaffc's Darlington, 130. Cf. Richmondshire Wills, where a document occurs
which connects the family with this district.
13 A daughter of (Sir) Philip Warwick, the well-known author of the Memoirs of
Oharles I. He married to his first wife Dorothy, daughter of Matthew Hutton, Esq.,
by whom he had two children, Elizabeth and Matthew. They both died in their in-
fancy ; and on that account Sir Philip released 500Z. of his wife's portion, saying,
when he did so, " This respect of mine to my father is in acknowledgment of the great
blessinge I had in my most virtuous pious wife (who is with God) his daughter."
PARISH REGISTER, 17
1647. . . A dau. of Edward Ellerton, bur. 1 *
1698. Dec. 15. Mr. Samuel Alcock, bur. 15
1700. May 28. A boy, supposed about the age of 10 years, found by
chance, was baptized by the name of Edward.
1701. Feb. 10. Mr. John Bartlet of Kutwith Coate, par. Masham, and
Mrs. Dor. Dodsworth, of par. Thornton Watlass, mar. 16
1701. Aug. 28. Eliz. dau. Brian Ascough, bp. 17
1709. 25 Apr. Francis son of Wm. and Anne "Wanley, bp. 18
1715. June 10. Mrs. Eliz. Fowles, spinster, bur. 19
14 An ancestor of the late Rev. Edward Ellerton, D. D., who was a native of the
adjoining parish of Downholme, where there is a monument to commemorate him.
The Ellertons have been connected with that parish for a very long period.
15 A gentleman who was related to the family of Hutton. Olive dau. of John
Hutton, Esq., married Thomas Alcock, of Chatham. Mr. Alcock makes his will on
Sep. 7, 1692, in which he styles himself " master caulker of their majesties shipps in
their yard at Portsmouth." " To be buried with all decent privacy and frugallity.
To my two brothers-in-law, John Hutton of Marske, Esq., and Mr. Matthew Hutton
of Marske, all my goods, &c., on trust, to pay my debts, &c., and to divide the
remainder between my two sons Samuel and Thomas when of age. My daughter
Frances Alcock. My brothers-in-law ex rs ." Proved at London 16 Feb., 1693.
16 The Bartletts of Nutwith Coat were a respectable fa ily. This gentleman was
the son of Simon Bartlett. He had an only son, who bore his name, and was buried
at Masham in 1769.
17 A member of a good Richmondshire family. He seems to have resided at
Marske, and to have been intimately connected with the Huttons. In 1665, he
administered to the effects of John Hutton, Esq. "1681. Nov. 29. Mary, dau.
Brian Askough, bur. 1683. Oct. 20. Eliz., wife of do., bur. 1698. May H. Marm.
Ascough bur. 1701. Aug. 28. Eliz., dau. Brian A., bur. 1702. Oct. 31. Oswold
Tennant of Arkingarthdale and Fiances Ascough, md. 1703. May 29. Anth. Cotes
and Eliz. A. md. 1741. Dec. 26. Mat. Askey, bur." Marske Eeg. llQo. 8 May.
Adm. of Brian Aiscough of Snape to Anne his widow, Matthew Aiscough of Marske
being her bondsman.
18 Francis Wanley, D.D., Dean of Ripon. His parents, Wm. Wanley and Anne
Fowle, were married at Marske Feb. 2, 1704-5. He owed, without doubt, his ad-
vancement in life to the family of Hutton, and especially to Matthew Hutton, Arch '
bishop of York, whose chaplain and cousin he was. He was of Christ's College,
Cambridge, A. B. 1731 ; A. M 1735 ; Fellow: S. T. P. 1748. Vicar of Aldbrough,
1744-1750. Rector of Stokesley 1750-1791. Prebendary of Hinton, at Hereford,
1745. Prebendary of Norton Palishall, at Southwell, 1748. At York he held, suc-
cessively, the chancellorship and the stalls of Stillington and Weighton. In 1750 he
became Dean of Ripon, an office which he filled during the remainder of his life.
He fell into great pecuniary difficulties, and was obliged to retire to the continent :
on his return he found the deanery at Ripon occupied by the residentiary, who re-
fused to relinquish possession. He lived accordingly in a house in Kirkgate, assisted
to the close of his life by many kind friends, who never deserted him in his mis-
fortunes. He died in 1791, and was interred in Ripon Minster where there is a
monument to commemorate him. His wife was a daughter of Sir John Goodricke of
Ribstone, and by her he had several children.
19 A daughter of Humphrey Fowle or Fowles, Esq., of Rotherfield, by a dau. and
coheir of Wm. Dyke, Esq., of Frant, the sister of Mrs. Hutton. Her sister, Anne
Fowle, was the second wife of Wm. Wanley, Esq., of Eyford (son of Andrew Wanley
and Frances Hutton), and the mother of Dean Wanley. Wm, Wanley, Esq., by his
first wife, Alice Bowes, had a son George Wanley (Bowes), Esq., who also married a
1721. Apr. 18. Leonard Stapylton and Margery Milner, both of this
parish, mar. 20
1730. June 16. Henrietta dau. Jno. Dodsworth, Esq., bur. 21
1751. Jan. 20 and 21. There fell the greatest snow that ever was
knowen in the memory of man ; it snowed for 3 days some little, but
the greatest quantity fell these 2 days, viz., Monday and Tuesday, and
some little for 4 days following : all the roads were stopd for 4 or 5
days, and men were obliged to go with spades, &c., to cut the roads both
to Richmond and Reeth ; but it turned to a gentle thaw the following
week, and people got to the market. I computed the snow would have
been 1 yard deep if it had fallen level without wind.
1756. July 25. Mr. Paul Glenton of Seymour Court, Chandos Street,
par. St. Martins, London, and Mary Whitehouse, par. Marske, mar. 23
1770. Dec. 23. Samuel Musgrave of Skelton, bur. Found dead in
the river between Eeeth bridge and Fremington.
1771. Nov. 19. William and Joseph Rookeby bur. 23 They were bro-
thers : both drown' d in Clapgate beck in coming from Richmond on
the Saturday evening before, and found on the Monday following. Wil-
liam Rookby lived at Skelton, and married John Mewburn's daughter
and left four children.
20 Leonard Stapylton was master of the village school at Marske and secretary to
Mr. Hutton. He was related, I believe, to the family at Myton, and a cousin,
perhaps, of the rector of Marske.
Richard Stapylton of Barton makes his will 18 Aug , 1722, desiring to he buried
in his son Richard's grave in St. Mary's, Barton. He had by Mary his wife three
children, Richard, bur. at Barton, 8 May, 1687; Anne, the wife of Wm. Gibson, to
whom she was married at Barton, 18 Feb. 1717-18, and Leonard Stapylton of Marske,
bp. at Barton, 20 Mar. 1G86-7. He administered to his father 14 Oct. 1727.
Leonard Stapylton, of Marske, was mar. at Marske on 18 Apr. 1721, to Margery
dau. of Thos. Milner who was then 30 years old. They had the following children,
Richard, bp. 23 Mar. 1721-2, living 1764; Leonard, bp. Feb. 3, 1723-4, living 1764;
Thos., bp. 5 Aug. 1734, living 1764; Sarah, bp. 28 Dec., 1725; Mary, bp. Feb. 4,
1726-7, living unmar. 1762; Sarah, bp. 14 Oct. 1729, mar. Thos. Woodhouse ; and
Anne, bp. 6 June, 1732, and bur. 9 Dec. 1761.
Leonard Stapylton, the father, was buried at Marske, in June, 1763, and his wife
on the 29th of October, in the following year.
The parish register contains some earlier notices of Stapyltons, with whom, be it
remembered, the Huttons were most closely connected by blood and friendship. 1635.
Dec. 20. Sythe dau. Marm. Stapleton of Feldome, bp 1637 May 28 Mary wife of
Marm. S. bur. 1639. Mar. 31. Chr. s. Marm. S. bp. 1640. Apr. 11. Margt. dau
Marm. S. bur. 1640. Dec. .. Anne dau. of Marm. S. bp. 1641. .. Mary wife of
Marm. S. bur. 1641. Aug. 1. Marm. S. and Eliz . . . mar.
2; Her mother was a Hutton of Marske. Her sister, another Henrietta Dodsworth,
carried the Dodsworth estates to the Smiths of Newland Hall. The mother of these
two children, Henrietta Hutton, lived to the age of nearly a hundred years.
22 At the funeral dinner of a kinsman of this person, a singular incident took place.
The arval was held at the little village inn, and in the middle of the festivity a neigh-
bour stood up and proposed a sa toast " A happy resurrection to our departed friend ! "
Another kinsman was, till very recently, keeper of the lunatic asylum at Beusham,
23 The record of a melancholy occurrence. Two brothers are drowned in Clapgate
beck on their way home from Richmond market. They were found locked in each
others arms. They bear a gentle name, and in their veins some gentle blood was
1776. Aug. 8. A negro servant belonging Mr. Hutton, and who had
been in the family about 4 years, and supposed then to be about 1 7
or 18 years of age, and co d say his catechism in a tollerable manner,
bp. by the name of John Yorke, and confirmed at Richmond next day.
1781. Feb. 10. James Postethwaite, the popish priest at Glints, bur.
The service (at request) read as usual,
1786. May 8. A child of Chr. Tideman's, just removed from Jingle-
pot to Orgate, between 3 and 4 years old, stray 'd from his father's
house and was found dead on Marske moore. 24
flowing. They were lineal descendants, without a break, of the old knightly family
of Rokeby. As it is interesting to trace the history of illustrious a house, even in its
misfortunes, I subjoin the following pedigree, which has never been printed before :
Thomas Rokeby of Mortham, Esq., bap 12 Mar. =?= Margaret, dau. of John Wycliffe
1639, at Rokeby, rnar. at Kirkby Hill 22 Aug.
1661. Adm. to his son Ralph 30 Apr. 1722.
of Gailes, Esq., bur. at Rokeby
5 July, 1703.
Mary Rokeby, bp. 27 Aug.
Susanna, bp. 7 July, bur.
11 Sep. 1064.
Mildred, bp. 29 Nov. 1678,
Margaret, bp. 6 Oct. 1667,
bur. 12 Apr. 1668.
gen. bp 25
son, mar. 30
Elizabeth, bp. 12
1676, mar. Peter
and living 1714.
Francis, bp. 3 Jan. 1668-9.
Ralph, bp. 8 Dec. 1670.
Adm. to his father 1722.
Of Cliffe, gen.
William, bp. 4 Feb. 1672.
Joseph, bp. 2 Mar. 1674,liv. 1714, mr. Oath. Bowes at St.
Mary-le-Bow, Durham, and had two children, Cath.,
bp, 'ib. 23 Sep. 1718, and Thos., bp. 12 Aug. 1720.
"Mr. Joseph Rokesby, from Hurworth, formerly cap-
tain in the army, bur. 2 >iov. 17>7," Darlington.
Peter Rokeby of Christopher R, William Roke- =;= Jane, dau. Elizabeth, bp.
TXT 1 * /*_ T _ A .1 *-* ft C1 T 1- r> C* I t\ r T^ 1 * f\ r*
yeo.,bp. 4 July,
1698, ob 1761.
1707, bur. 27 1699, bur. 5 bur. 1
Dec. 1772. Nov. 1783. 1766.
' " Ann, bp. 11
Jos Rokeby, bp. 6
July, 1737, drown-
ed with his brother
Wm. 16 Nov. 1771.
Francis, bp. 9 Mav,
1743, bur. 12 Feb.
Anne, bp. 16
mar. 19 Feb.
William Rokeby =;
of Skelton, par.
bp. at Rokeby 10
Mar. 1734, mar.
at Marske, 25
= Margaret, dau. John and
Eliz. Mewburn of Skel-
ton, ob. 29 Oct. 1826, ast.
86, bur. at Marske. She
re-mar Danby, a
miner, by whom sha had
two children, both uf
whom died young.
Elizabeth, bp. at Marske, 11 June, 17C4.
Jane, bp. 25 Aug. 1766. She was the housekeeper in
the family of Hunter of the Hermitage for many years.
Mary, bp. 29 Nov. 1768.
William, bp. 1 Aug. 1771.
A saddler in Gray's Inn
Lane, London. He got
into difficulties, and killed
Mr. Surtees begged my father to find oi.it for him. if possible, a genuine Rokeby or
Wycliffe, and promised to provide for him. My father was never able to do so. It
would be a difficult task to find out a Rokeby now. There is, I think, still a family
of Wycliffes in the neighbourhood of Hexham.
24 The child followed its father to the moors and was lost. They searched in vain
all night, and found it dead next morning. The poor child had taken its clogs off and
tried to go to sleep. Mr. Hutton remembers the incident.
1788. Oct. 24. The Eev. Wm. Dockeray, 25 rector of "Watlass, my
old schoolfellow and countryman, bur. at Watlass, aged 74 or 5.
1792. July 18. Anthony Prat, a member of the York Society, 26 dy'd
at Thorn' Potter's, in Marske, bur. here.
The parsonage adjoins the church, and is a small neat edifice standing
in a pleasant garden. It was rebuilt in 1755 and cost 185?. ; the rector,
Mr. Home, contributing the stones that were wanting and the lime.
The eastern portion of the house was rebuilt and enlarged in the course
of the present century by Mr. Hick, the curate and schoolmaster of the
village, for the accommodation of his boarders. Mr. Home records with
pride the fruit trees which he planted in the garden. In this instance,
however, the rector can hardly have been said to have regarded his suc-
cessors only, and to have planted trees "qua3 alter! sseculo prosint," for
he tasted, without doubt, of the fruit himself. Where are now the golden
pippins to which he was the Alcinous ?
Tune victus abiero feri, tune insita pomus !
Nor was the rectory without its library in old times. The following
works were given for the use of his nephew, the then rector, and his
successors, by Matthew Hutton, Esq., soon after the Eestoration. The
library contained a few valuable works, but, on the whole, the divinity
comprised in it was of the most heavy and appalling kind :
96 Sermons of Bishop Andrewes, An exposition of the Epistle to the Romans, by
Mr. Parr. A treatise of y e beatitudes, or Christ's happey men, by James Bucke.
Syon's prospect in its first view, by R. M. The healing of Israel's breaches, by John
Brinsly. An exposition on Revelations, by Brightman. A treatise of y e divine pro-
mises, by Ed. Legh. Christian humiliation, by Henry Mason. Instructions for an
afflicted conscience, by Robert Bolton. A treatise of the Sacraments, by Will. Atter-
soll. God's husbandry, by Will. "Whately. A mapp of Roome, by D. T. A chal-
lenge concerning y e Romish church, by Matth. Sutclifie. The new birth, by "Will.
Whately. An exposition on the commandments, Dod and Cleaver. The Christian's
conflict. An explication of y e 110 psalme, by Ed. Reynolds. The lectures of John
Knewstubs upon y e 20th chap, of Exodus. A threefold treatise, by Robert Bolton.
Sermons, by Hump. Sydenham. The hipocrite discovered, by Sam. Torskcll. Con-
cerning publicke prayer, by Jo. Browning. Meditations on the Sacra., by Ed. Rey-
nolds. The soule's miserye and recovery, by Sam. Hoard. The plaine man's spiritual
plough, by J. C. King David's vow for reformation, by George Hakewell. Precious
remedies against Satan's devices, by Tho. Brooks. A monument of mortality, by M.
Day. Joannis Calvine. The safe religion, by Rich. Baxter. The scepter of Judah,
by Edmund Bunnye. A discourse concerning y e gift of prayer, by John Wilkins.
25 The Dockeray' s were a Westmorland family. The rector of Watlass and Mr.
Home were, it seems, old friends.
26 Probably some benefit club. The York Amicable Society was, I believe, now in
A patterne of pietye, by John Ley. Sight and faith, by Joseph Symonds. The
try all of a Christian's growth, by Tho. Goodwin. The sincere convert, by Tho. Shep-
herd. The hap^nes of enjoying and making a true and speedy use of Christ, by
Alex. Grosse. The debt booke, or a treatise on Romans y e 13 vers, ye 8 (chr.), by
Henry Wilkinson. The case and cure of a deserted soule, by Jos. Symonds. The
yerning of Christ's bowels, by S. M. Microcosmus or y e historye of man, or Purchas
his pilgrime. A book of Christian exercise, by R. P. The conversone of Soloman, by
John Done. Aytapheia, or y e act of divine contentment, by Tho. Watson. Devotions,
by John Donne. The presumptuous man's mirrour, by Ben. Austin. Devotion
digested, by Peter Samwaies. Mcmorialis vitse Christiana?. A draught of eternitye.
The royall passing bell, by Hump. Sydenham. The wonderfull misterye of spirituall
growth. God's summons unto a generall repentance, by Adam Harsnett. Christ's
counsill to his languishing church of sarvis, by Obadi. Sedgwicke. Examples of
miracles of God's mercys to his children, by Sa. Clarke. Herbert's remains. A foun-
taine of teares, by John Featley. Heavenly meditations, by Thomas Rogers. The
journall or dyary of a thankfull Christian, by J. B. The bearing and burden of y e
spiritt, by Jo. Sedgwicke. St. Paul's threefold cord, by Daniell Touberville. The
cure of misprision, by R. Junias. Essays and observations, theologicall and morall,
by a Student in theologie. The golden mean. The reward of the faithfull. The
saint's encouragement in evil times, by Edward Leigh. Lot's little one, by Will. Ince.
Three treatises, y e cure of cares, &c., by Henry Mason. Distractions, or holy madnes,
by John Gaule. A briefe of y e bible's historic, by Henock Clapham. Eremicus
theolo. or a sequestered divine, by Theophilus Wodemote. L. Annsei Seneca?, Cord-
ubensis, traga3dia3. Ancilla pietatis, or y e handmaid to private devotion, by Dan.
Featly. Zootomia, or observations on y e present maners of y e English, by Richard
Whitlock. Paradisus precum. Vox Dei, by Tho. Scott. Assertio vera de Trinitate
(Szegedinns adversus Servetum, Geneva, 1573). The resolved Christian. The pen-
itent, or entertainments for Lent. The returns of spiritual comfort and grief. The
grand conspiracye, by John Allington. The royall charter granted to kings, by T. B.
Select cases of conscience touchin witches and witchcrafts, by Jo. Gaule. A muster
roll of y e evill angells, &c., by R. B. The Christian sacrifice, by James Barker.
Stoa triumphans, or two sober paradoxes. Directions for y e private reading of y e
scriptures, by Nicholas Bifeild. Meditationes Sancti Augustini. A golden chaine,
by Tho. Rogers. Essayes, &c., by Rich. Brathwayt. Memorialis vitse Christianas
(by Louis de Granada), i ii. David persecuted. Bacon's advancement of learning.
Christ sett forth, by Tho. Goodwin. Now or never, by Rich. Baxter. A short essay
of afflictions. Summa doctrine Christiana?. Helps to Christian duties, by Hen.
Whitfield. The cause and cure of a wounded conscience, by Tho. Fuller. August,
medita [tiones]. An answer to Monseiur de la Militiere, &c. Divi Aurel. Augustini,
&c. The doctrine of the bible. Wisdome and innocence, &c. A discourse of holy
love, &c. The saint's guide, &c., by Tho. Hooker. An opening of the tenn command-
ments, by Will. Whately. Judgment and mercy for afflicted soules, by Fi a. Quarks.
The mirror of martyrs. A treatise of prayer. A miscellany of ejaculations, divine,
morall, &c. The practise of Christian perfection, by Tho. White. Faith and exper-
yence, by John Collings. The saint's infirmity s, by John Preston. Milke for babes,
&c., by Martin Fynch. Psalmi seu precationes, &c. The measures and offices of
friendship, by Jer. Taylor. Physicke against famine, &c., by Will. Attersoll. Mem-
oriale vita? Christiana?, &c. The plaine man's pilgrimage, &c., by W. W. The oxe
musseled, &c. The rowsing of the sluggard, &c. The doctrine and use of y e sacra-
ment, &c. Seventeene little sermon bookes. An essay of drapery, by William Scott.
These books, I believe, have long since disappeared.
The rectory of Marske is valued in the king % 's books at 12?. 6s 31^.
According to an old survey in the Registrum Honoris de Richmond, the
living paid 10s. for procuration fees, 4-s. 6d. for Peter-pence, and Is. for
Circa 1270, Hervey son of William de Marske grants to the church
of St. Edmund of Marske and to John, the rector, and his successors,
his arable land and wood " juxta le gyle in Henri wra," he releasing the
donor and his heirs from the tithe of hens and eggs.
In 1446, when an enquiry was made into the value of the living, it
was found to be worth 10?. and was taxed at 10 marks, the amount
fixed upon at the Nova Taxatio in 1292, it having been taxed previ-
ously at 16 marks. (Reg. Archid. Richmond, & Rot. Orig. in Thesau-
rario Dunelm.) When Bishop Gastrell made his survey of the diocese
of Chester, the living was worth, glebe, tithes, and fees, 111. 5s. At
the present time the tithes are commuted for 39 0?. per annum, in addi-
tion to which there are some 40 acres of glebe land, for the most part in
a bad condition.
CHARITIES. In 1655 Thomas Hutchinson gave 100?. to the poor
of the parish, invested in a yearly rent charge of 5?. out of the Clints
estate ; 3?. of it to be distributed in Skelton and the rest in Marske.
In 1695 the Rev. John Jackson bequeathed certain rent charges for the
use of the poor ; these, pursuant to his will, were sold many years ago,
and invested in lands in the parish of Richmond and in tithes and land
at East Harlsey, near Northallerton, which are let for between 60?.
and 80?. per annum. The lord of the manor and the rector are the
trustees. The poor have also a yearly rent charge of 10s. out of the
Riddings farm, near Grinton.
There is also in the village a small school for the benefit of the parish,
of which the lord of the manor and the rector have the management.
The endowment of the school in Bishop Gastrell' s time was 9?. per an-
num. Through the kindness of the trustees of the Hutton charity and
the present owner of the estate, the master now receives nearly 50?.
At the dissolution of the monasteries there were several parcels of
land within the parish in the hands of ecclesiastical corporations.
Feldom belonged to Jervaux Abbey, and an account of it will be given
afterwards. The nunnery of Marrick had property in Marske which
THE HALL. 23
was valued at 13s. 4d. per annum. This is mentioned at a very early
period among the Marrick deeds in the Collectanea Topographica.
There was also property in the village worth I2d. per annum belonging
to the tiny cell of St. Martin, near Richmond.
THE HALL stands on the southern hank of the rivulet, in a most
charming situation. Sheltered from the northern blasts by a group of
aged sycamores, and lying, as it were, in the smooth basin formed by
an amphitheatre of hills, it looks towards the south-east. On either
side of you the ground rises upwards in undulations so beautifully
rounded that you might imagine that nature, for once at least, had
simulated art. The prospect in front is bounded by the abrupt outline
of the Redscar, but as the eye falls downwards it rests upon a softer and
a more pleasing landscape. Before you is a stately avenue of limes in-
tended, perhaps, at some time to form the approach to the hall, and to
divert the road towards the village which now runs, with an agreeable
effect, through the very grounds. On either side of the road are the
gardens, covering a large extent of ground, and laid out in terraces
beside the brawling stream. Shrubs of the choicest kinds are blended
on the slopes with the native brushwood, and among them, at the verge
where the forest trees creep in, stands a silver fir, the finest, perhaps in
England. The poet Mason, who was well acquainted with the beauties
of Marske, does not forget it in his English Garden.
Far to the north of thy imperial towers,
Augusta ! in that wild and Alpine vale,
Through which the Swale, by mountain-torrents swell' d
Flings his redundant stream, there liv'd a youth
Of polish' d manners; ample his domain,
And fair the site of his paternal dome.
He lov'd the art I sing ; a deep adept
In nature's story, well he knew the names
Of all her verdant lineage.
On the summit of the hill that overhangs the hall, to the westward, is
the deer park, which has been in existence for more than a century. In
it, on the loftiest eminence that can be found, there peers over the trees
an obelisk of freestone. It marks the burial place of an elder brother of
the present worthy owner of the estate. He desired that his bones should
be laid in a place from which he had so often admired the beauties of
the scenery around.
Moritur et moriens dulces reminiscitur Argos.
And his wishes were fulfilled. The funeral service was read over his
remains in the little church below, and then the procession wound
slowly up the hill and laid his body in the earth at the appointed spot.
The pillar bears the following inscription to commemorate him ;
H. s. E.
MATTH-ZEUS HUTTON, ARMIGER,
OBIIT. XXII DIE DECEM. MDCCCXIV.
^TATIS SUM XXXV.
The hall, as it is at present, bears no great appearance of antiquity.
It is a plain substantial edifice, built, in all probability, about 120
years ago. Remains of the old house, however, may be found in the
interior. There are no traces now of the "faire place" which Leland
saw at Marske in his pilgrimage ; but, as far as comfort is concerned,
there is no reason, probably, to regret its destruction. The stables
stand to the westward of the hall, and were built about 1 750. They
were erected for the accommodation of a magnificent stud of race-horses,
one of which, known by the name of Black Chance, brought consider-
able credit to his owner. There is a portrait of him still preserved,
shewing the proportions of a steed when four-mile heats could be run
with no difficulty at all. Another horse, called Marske, was the sire of
the celebrated Eclipse, and is well known to all who are versed in the
history of the turf. He, too, had his portrait painted, of which there
is an engraving. 27 Among the pictures that are preserved at Marske
several deserve an especial notice. Among them is a complete collection
of the portraits of the Huttons since 1700, and many of the Darcics of
Navan. Among them are the following :
Matthew Hutton when Dean of fork. A stern looking man. He wears a black
cap fringed with white lace, and a white ruff. An unpleasing picture.
Another portrait of the same person when Archbisliop of York. In the corner is
the date 1603. It represents a very aged man in his episcopal robes. Age has
somewhat softened his features, but the aspect is still forbidding.
A full-length portrait of the widow and son of Sir "Walter Kaleigh. This is a very
interesting picture. The little boy bears the well known features of the unfortunate
navigator, and there is a pensive melancholy air about motber and son that reminds
us of their troubles. Lady Ealeigh's ring is also preserved at Marske.
27 Mr. Hutton's groom used to be a regular attender of Durham races about 70 or
80 years since. He took over his master's horses in the course of the preceding
week, and on the Sunday morning before the races he duly went to church. He
always went to the same church (Elvet), occupying the same seat, and listening each
year to the same sermon. The vicar selected the encouraging text " So run that ye
may obtain " ! Tempora nmtantur.
THE MANOR. 25
Sir Conyers Darcy, the distinguished Royalist. Created Lord Darcy and Conyers
in 1641. A handsome face, florid and oval, with a Carolian beard and moustache.
Half-length. He is in a court dress, and has a purple mantle with a surcoat of
white point lace. A very pleasing picture.
Dorothy Bellasis his wife. A pretty girlish face with light hair and brown eyes.
She holds a watch in her hand, and is very richly attired in a brown brocaded dress
trimmed with lace. Her ear-rings, singularly enough, are attached to the ears by
A small oval portrait of the unhappy Monmouth. So beautifully is it painted that
it looks like a minature. He is in armour, with his long dark locks rolling over the
burnished steel. The face is radiant with vivacity and intelligence.
James Jessop, Lord Darcy of Navan. A small and very pleasing picture. He is
dressed in brown velvet, with his hair unpowdered. The countenance is open and
expressive, full of colour, with keen dark eyes.
Matthew Hutton, Archbishop of York and Canterbury; in gown and bands.
Whitaker describes the picture as that of "a plump and rosy divine, of tranquil times,
when persecution no longer alarmed, nor profound theological studies wasted the
frame of theologians."
John Hutton, Esq., the present Mr. Hutton' s grandfather. A splendid portrait by
Hudson. The face beams with kindness and animation.
I now come to the history of the parish and the descent of the estate.
The number of English statute acres within the parish at the last
census was 5,220; the whole, with the exception of a scanty por-
tion appertaining to the rector of Marske, is now concentrated in the
family of Hutton. The whole of the estate was, m old times, part of
the great Eichmond fee, and was granted out, Applegarth excepted, hy
one of the ancient earls to the Eoalds, afterwards to be identified with
the Scropes of Bolton, under which lordship it is a manor, being holden
by knight's service. They subinfeuded it to different tenants, and their
properties remained distinct till a very recent period, when they were
bought up by the present Mr. Hutton and his brother. I shall divide
the parish into five properties, Marske, Glints, Skelton, Feldom, and "West
Applegarth, and I shall consider the history of each separately.
THE ESTATE OF MARSKE. There is no mention of Marske
in the Domesday book. It is quite possible that at that early period the
village had no existence, and that the lands were not yet divided from
some neighbouring manor. At all events they were included in the vast
estate of Edwin the Saxon earl, which was seized by the Conqueror and
bestowed by him en masse, as a royal guerdon, upon his nephew Alan
Earl of Brittany. Thenceforward Marske was a portion of the magnifi-
cent Honor de Eichmond, and from its vicinity to the castle it is probable
enough that it was retained for some time in the possession of the earls-,
for pasturage or hunting. It is not quite certain when Marske became
a manor, and to whom it was first granted out. When Kirkby's inquest
was taken, the Eoalds held immediately under the earl, but in the
following charter, which was granted more than a century earlier, the
earl himself grants common to a subtenant for all his lands in the manor,
and that by the bounds by which the manor itself is afterwards conveyed
by a Roald. I cannot ascribe to this charter a date later than 1171, and
it is of so much value and interest that I give it in extenso.
Conanus filius Conani, 28 comes Bichmondise, omnibus hominibus suis Franciis et
Anglicis, clericis et laicis, tarn presentibus quam futuris, salutem. Notum sit vobis
quod dedi concessi et hac present! carta mea confirmavi Harschulpho Cleseby, meo
carissimo consanguineo et constabilario castri mei liichmondise, et omnibus terris et
tenementis suis in novo foresto manerio et dominio de Merske cum pertinentiis,
libertatem et communam in omnibus locis, terris, pratis, silvis, campis, moris, boscis,
planis, pascuis et pasturis, cum bonis suis omnibus et catallis cujuscumque generis
vel speciei sint aut fuerint, et in omnibus aliis aisisameutis et proficuis et commoditat-
ibus ad alicujus creature usum pertenentibus vel intra aut supra terram cum
Videlicet, a philo aquse forestse versus austrum usque ad cornarium clausurae de
Skelton, et deinde usque lapidem stantem in oriente fine de Hesylhowe, et de inde
usque ad congeriem lapidum super Cockhowe, et de inde sicut aqua celestis dividit
inter dominium de Skelton et dominium de Merske usque ad "Whytegate, et sicut
"Wbytegate se ostendit versus austrum usque Thyrlgate et Bratheow-bek et sicut
Bradehowe bekk descendit in aquam de Swale, et sicut aqua de Swale descendit
usque pedem aquaB forest, et ulterius sicut aqua de Swale descendit in pedem aquae
de Felbek, ascendendo per Felbeck usque pedem de Sowemyre, et de inde usque
"Wudkeld juxta locum qui vocatur Chapel- grene, et a Chapel-grene usque pedem de
Swaynemyre, et de inde usque lapidem super moram usque cornarium albi muri, et
sicut alba mora se ostendit et extendit versus occidentem usque lapiicm stantem
super rodam qua? vocatur Clevedale Rake, alias vocatur Hyne Rake, et sic linialiter
descendendo per lapidem vocatum Whyte-stane super Graystane Hill usque ryvolum
de Clevedale, et sicut rivolus de Clevedale transit in aquam forests, et sicut aqua
forest dividit inter dominium de Merske et Skelton. Preterea, insuper, dcdi et
concessi dicto Harsculpho et heredibus suis advocationem ecclesia? de Merske. Item
dedi eidem Harsculpho in omnibus terris suis libertatem tenendi curiam cum juribus
et omnibus aliis aisisamentis a tribus septimanis in tres veluti alicui curise convenit
contingere et pertinere sine alicujus curia? sectatione, per se, et heredibus suis
et tenentibus suis libere et integre sine aliquo impedimento. Item dedi etiam
dicto Arshculpho et terris suis predictis libertatem piscandi in omnibus aquis meis de
foresta cum retis sagenis et instrumentis aliis piscacioni convenientibus. Similiter
dedi predicto Arsculpho et terris suis prediotis libertatem ad sectam molendinorum
suorum unacum tenentibus et omnibus aliis infra metas predictas commorantibus.
Item dedi dicto Harsculpho et heredibus suis libertatem venandi in omnibus boscis,
28 His grandfather was Conan Duke of Brittany, and hence he calls himself fitz
Conan. His own father was Alan surnamed Niger Earl of Richmond.
THE MANOR, 27
vastis, pascuis et pasturis, infra dominium de Mersko. Preterea, eciam, dedi et con-
cessi ac confirmavi dicto Harsculpho libertatem claudendi, murandi, seperandi vel
fossandi omnes terras suas manerio de Marske pertinentes, cum boscis aquis et omni-
modis aliis commoditatibus et aisissamentis qualitercumque dicto manerio spectan-
tibus aut pertinentibus yeme et estate, et in separali continere, et libertatem predictam
complete, libere et imperpetuum ab omnibus hominibus conservare, sicut divise et
habunde in mea presencia assignavi, ut supradictum est et specificatum nabendum
et tenendum omnes libertates et communias predictas cum suis pertinentiis prefato
Harsculpho, heredibus et assignatis suis, imperpetuum de me et heredibus meis, red-
dendo inde michi et heredibus meis tres racemos zinsibri in die Natalis Domini, si
pctantur, pro omnibus aliis serviciis, consuetudinibus, exaccionibus et demandis. Et
ut ista mea presens concessio et donatio stabilis sit firma imperpetuum sigillum meum
prasentibus apposui. Hiis tcstibus Gylberto Folyot, Elya Amundavilla, Henrico
Camerario, Yvone capellano, Galfrido filio Bryani, Hugone hostiario, Elya de Downe-
home, Adam de Hothrnere, Malgero filio Galfridi, Alexandro arcumgerente et aliis
multis. (Seal defaced. Small. Brown wax.)
Of the early history of the family of Cleseby there is very little known.
The novus homo of the house was probably a foreigner who came over in
the court of the Earl of Eichmond. The little vill on the banks of the
Tees gave him the name of Cleseby. The singular name of Harschulph
is peculiar to the Clesebies, and it is observable that the beginner of the
house of the Eoalds was one Arscoit Musard. In the little court that
was held in the castle of Richmond the Clesebies, probably, held high
positions, and they were connected by blood with the Eoalds and several
other families of distinction : and I cannot but think that Harschulph the
constable was the grandson of Harschulph Musard, and that his interest
in Marske descended to the Eoalds. The following charter shews that
in the time of King John, the Clesebies had a subfeudatory interest in
Adam de Clesebi. Reginaldo fratri meo, pro humagio et servicio suo, duas
bovatas terrse in Mersc cum tofto et crofto et cum omnibus pertinenciis suis sine
retenemento ; illas, scilicet, quas Petrus de Mersc dedit mihi pro servicio meo : illi,
scilicet et heredibus suis tenendas de me et heredibus meis in feudo et hereditate
libere et quiete, faciendo forinsecum servicium quantum pertinet ad duas bovatas
terra in feudo ubi duodecim carucatas terrse faciunt feudum militis, et reddendo
annuatirn mihi et heredibus meis quatuor solidos, scilicet, duos solidos ad Pentecosten
et duos solidos ad festum Sancti Martini. Hiis testibus Eadulfo filio Radulfi de
Mulet', Halnado de Halnadebi, Nicholao de Stapelton, Alexandro de Croft, Roberto
de Brethanebi, Alano Clerico, Benedicto de Stapelton, Alexandro de Clesebi, Henrico
de Jollebi, Rogero de Aldeburc. (Seal, a fleur-de-lis, SIG. A.DE DE CLESBI.)
This charter introduces to us for the first time a family of the name
of Marske which, even at that early period, had some interest in the
village, and under which the Clesebies were holding. Among the
Marske papers is the following charter :
Alanus de Barton, quondam manens in Cleseby. Harsquid' filio "Willelmi de
Cleseby totum mes. meum in villa de Cleseby et eciam totam terram meam sicut
jacet apud Ellehou in territorio ejusdem. Testibus, Harsquido domino de Cleseby,
Willelmo de Mordon, Alexandro de Cleseby, Alano Orre in Stapelton, Alano de Bar-
Among the muniments of the college of the vicars choral at York are two
grants of land in Barton by Eobert de Mersc and Eobert son of Alan de
Mersc. Did Alan de Barton change his name when he acquired property
at Marske ? This is, at least, a probable supposition. The date of these
documents is certainly not later than 1230. The following pedigree
will shew the descent of the estate for the greater part of a century :
Eobert de Marske. =p
Roger, films Roberti de Marske, makes a =r= Amicia, wbom Robert Cassandra soror Ro-
grant of land to Henry fil. Reginaldi. | fitz Robert calls avia. geri de Marske.
Robertus, filius Rogeri, dominus de =F Alice, releases her dowei to Pbilip de Saper-
Marske, witnesses a grant to Marske I ton 1296, being tben " vidua Roberti quon-
church. I dam domini de Mersc."
1. Wyrcark = Robertus, filius Roberti, =p Alice. In 1323 Alice, relict of Robert
dominus deMarsk. Uncle ! quondam dom. de Marske, releases Hars-
ofHarschulph de Cleseby. culph de Cleseby from a payment of 40s.
Sells Marske in 1296. | at her death.
Richard de Marske coll. Thomas de Marske. In 28 Robert, son of Robert de
11 Feb. 1361, to the Edward III. he makes his Marske, quitclaims his
rectory of Great Lang- brother his attorney to re- interest in Marske to
ton. Occurs among the ceive for him a mes. at Thomas de Cleseby, 13
Marske deeds. Glints. Edward III.
Adam de Marske of North Duffield Robert de Marske,
n : ~ ' 'civisetstokfysch-
Emma, dau. and coheir, mar. W alter, son of Robert monger London '
Walker of North Duffield. relea 5 ses ' his intcr '_
Alice, dau. and coheir, mar. John Halyday. est in Marske to
They quitclaim their interest in Marske to Thos, ?Jos. de Cleseb y
de Cleseby 3 Hen. IV.
There are a great many charters at Marske relating to small portions
of property in the parish which were made in the thirteenth century. I
give extracts from a few of them, observing, in limine, that the names
of the places are still, to a great extent, retained at the present day.
Robertus filius Alani de Merske "Willielmo filio Rogeri de eadem villa 4 acr.
terrae in Clivedale redd. 2s. per ann. ita tamen quod quocienscunque predictus
"Willielmus in foresterio ceciderit nichil amplius quam 6d. debit. Testibus, Conano
de Mersk, Warino converso, Rogero de Haske, Petro de Merske, Gilberto ejusdem
villse, Roberto sacerdote.
THE MANOR. 29
Kobertus films Herveii de Mersc Johanni filio Petri de Mersc acram terrce quam
Herv. pater metis vendidit in magno suo negocio. Test., R. capellano de Mersc,
Roberto filio Alani, etc.
Joh. fil Petri de Mersc Henrico nepoti meo imam parti culam teme in campo
de Mersc, scilicet viride assartum in Feldegile et duas particulas terras et terram meam
in Acreshowe et in le hengande, cum uno tofto in parte superiore tofti quondam
Petri filii LUCOB patris mei rent Id. Test., dom. Joh. tune rectore de Mersc,
Rogero domino de Mersc, Conayno de Mersc.
Rogerus fil. Roberti de Mersc Henrico filio Reginaldi illud toftum et croftum
quod fuit Cassandra sororis rnese in villa de Mersc et sex acras terroe meae in Mersc
et liberam communiam. Test., magistro Roberto de Cleseby persona de Dunum,
domino Job. persona de Mersc, Jobanne filio Petri de eadem, Job. de Ellertona,
Galfr. de Apelgard, Roberto receptore de Richmond, Willelmo de Bulbrec, Jobanne
clerico de Mersc.
Robertus filius Hcnrici de Mersc Willelmo Hobtton duas pecias terras in territorio
de Merscb vocatas Conanridding & Herviridding paying I2d rent to tbe nuns at
Ellerton and a Ib. of incense to tbe monks at Jervaux. Test., dom. Gwyscbardo de
Cbarron tune senescallo Richemundioe, Halnatb de Halnatheby tune ballivo, dom.
Job. tune persona de Mersck, magistro Job. de Hohtton, Herveo fil. "Will : de Mersck,
Johannes dux Britannia primogenitus dominus Ricbemund Willelmo de Hobt-
tun domos suas in magno suo assarto apud Feldegile in territorio de Mersc set
quod sit talis clausura circa dictum assartum qualis clausura solet esse circa campos
in foresta et quod non babeat ibi canem commorantem. Testibus Job. de le Bret'n,
Alano militibus, Bartbolomeo capellano, Halnato de Haluatbeby, Rogero de
Auget, Roberto de Applegartb,
Willelmus de Hocbton in Neuton juxta Barton Roberto filio Roberti domino de
Mersk et "Wymark uxori suae totum clausum subtus Clappegate quod yocatur
Conanriding, excepta porcione ecclesiaB. Testibus, domino Hugone de Ask et Halnetb
de Hanletbby, militibus, Roberto de Apelgartb, etc.
"WTien Kirkby's inquest was taken in 1287 it was found that there
were six carucates of arable land in Marske, twelve making a knight's
fee : of these Henry de Marske held one, Roger de Scargill half a caru-
cate, and Roger de Bretham another half, all of Robert de Marske. These
lands, together with four other carucates, were held by the said Robert
of Roald de Richmond.
I do not intend to weary my readers with a recital of all the little
changes of property at Marske. There are very many of them. The
purchase of a single house, in those days, might originate at least a
dozen charters. 29 Every person who, by the utmost stretch of the ima-
9 In tbe muniment room at Marske there are at least 300 of these charters, all of
\vbicb I have carefully perused. They were catalogued, by Matthew Hutton, Esq.
of Marske, who died in 1666, and, subsequently, they have been arranged by Mr.
Michael Fryer, who was on the most intimate terms with the late John Hutton^ Esq.
Mr. Fryer lived for a long time at Reeth, spending a great portion of his time at
Marske. He was a distinguished mathematician and well versed in antiquities. He
drew up the account of Eugene Aram, which was printed at Richmond in 1832. Mr.
Fryer died at Newcastle about fifteen years ago.
gination, could be supposed to have the slightest interest in the property
which was sold was required to release his right to the purchaser. The
Dean and Chapter of Durham have, on an average, eight or ten charters
connected with every acre of land that they possess ! JSo one will thank
me for telling him to whom each toft and croft in a little country vil-
lage was leased out, and how they returned to the lessor. jSTo one cares
to know how there was occasionally a sale of a house or an acre of land,
and what anxiety there was to recover it. There is nothing worthy of
being recorded in the history of the magnates, if we may so call them,
of a little country village, whose social position was scarcely superior to
that of the labourers of the present day.
In 1294 Robert de Marske begins to sell his estate : the ostensible
purchaser was Philip de Saperton, rector of Marske, but the real buyer,
or at all events the person who had the greatest interest in the bargain,
was Harschulph de Cleseby, a nephew of the vendor and of the head-lord,
Sir Roald fitz Roald. The following grant of Roald fitz Roald, giving
up the manorial rights to his nephew, is valuable on many considera-
ABTJNDJE DE MERSKE. Sciant prescntes et futuri quod ego Rowaldus dominus de
Constable Burton dedi concessi et hac present! carta meo confirmavi Herschulpho
Clesby, nepoti meo, totum dominium de Merske, una cum advocatione eccledae ejusdem
ac molendinum meum aquaticum ; cum omnibus suis pertinentiis, sicunt jaciuntur par-
ticulariter ex utraque parte aquae forestae, sicut se abundant versus australem usque
pedem de Hartsties, assendendo in Hartsties usque cornarium clausorum de Skelton,
et delude usqtie lapidem stantem in orientali parte de Hesilhow, et abinde usque locum
vocatum Rukke super Cockhovre, et deinde sicut aqua cell dividit inter dominium do
Skelton et dominium de Merske versus occidentem usque altam viam quce -yen it a
Helwath usque Brathowbek, et deinde sicut Brathawbek discendit in aquam Swallite,
et deinde sicut se extendit usque pedem aquse forestse, et abinde usque pedem de
Felbeck ex parte boriali ascendendo in Felbeck usque pedem de Sowemyre, et abinde
usque pedem de "Wodkeld juxta placeam quse vocatur Chapelgrene, et deinde usque
pedem de Swaynmyre sicut aqua quae vocatur Felbeck se extendit, et abinde usque
lapidem stantem super moram, et deinde sicut se extendit usque cornarium muri quod
vocatur White-wall, et abinde sicut se extendit versus occidentem usque lapidem stan-
tem desuper rodam qusG vocatur Hyndrake descendendo in rivulum de Clyffedale, et
deinde sicut se extendit in aquam foresti, et sicut aqua foresti descendit inter dominium
de Merske et dominiura de Skelton usque pedem de Hertstics ; habendum et tencndum
dictum dominium de Merske, cum advocatione predicta, ac molendinum predictum cum
omnibus suis pertinentiis prefato Herschulpho heredibus et assignatis suis imperpetuum ;
reddendo inde michi et heredibus meis ad scutagium, quando currit, unum obolum,
si petatur. In cujus rei testimonium huic present! scripto sigillum meum apposui.
Hiis testibus Rogero de Aske, Thoma de Lawton, militibus, Roberto de Appilgarth,
Jobanne de Laton, Petro de Swynetwayte, Roberto de Preston, et aliis. (Seal much
defaced. Arms, a lion rampant.)
THE MANOR. 31
The following extracts, from the Marske charters, shew how the
subtenancies were gradually changing owners. The curious names
tempt me to give them in the original language :
Robertus films Robert! de Merske Hersculpho de Cleseby, nepoti meo placeam
vocatam ermitagium in villa de Merske a parte boriali rivuli de Whydaylle currentis
in aquam forestse, ubi, extendit se ad pedem de Ragill, ascendendo in Ragill usque
cornarium muri super moram, et deinde se extendit usque bondem stantem super
rodam vocatam Wyddaylle rake, discendendo in aquam.
Robertus filius Roberti domini de Mersk Phillippo rectori ecclesise de Mersk
to turn toftum quod jacet juxta toftum abbatis Jorevall', et terram et pratum meum ex
parte boriali de Clivedalebek, videlicet, unam bovatam terras in Merske quam cum
tofto emi de Johanne filio Willelmi de Bulbrek et quinque acras terrse et prati
jacentes super Halleflat inter ten-am Galfridi de Clyntes et terram Roberti filii
Roberti filii Henrici, et unam acram super Younaker, et pratum meum et vastum in
Robertrudhyng inter Herviridyng et sepem, et quatuor acras terrse cum vasto in
Gamelridhyng quas emi de Willelmo filio Johannis de Melsanby, et pratum meum
quod vocatur Houttonri<ldyng, ad terminum vitas, reddendo annuatim unam rosam
infra primas nundinas Richemund post festum S. Joh. Baptists). Mersk. 17 kal.
Nov. 1294. Test. Thos. fil. Robt de Applegard etc. (Seal. SUM LEO FORTIS, around
a lion rampant a common device.)
Rob, fil. Rob. quondam domini de Mersk Philippo de Saperton, rectori de
Mersk, viam de tofto meo pratum voc. Golmyre et Frere ridings et Frere ridings-
myre, durante vita terram et pratum in Merske quse
Amicia mea avia quondam tenuit nomine dotis, durante
vita. necnon molendinum de Mersk clausum subtus
Clappegate vocatum Conayneridding, excepta porcione
Thomas de Ricliemundia, dominus de Constabel-
burton Philippo de Saperton rectori de Mersk
totum tenementum quod habet in feodo meo ex ven-
dicione Roberti filii Roberti domini de Mersk in villa
de Mersk. Apud Constabel-burton die Jovis prox.
ante fest. S. Andr. 1295. Test. Ricardo de Neusam,
Waltero clerico de Constableburton, Thoma de Apel-
garth. (A beautiful seal, which I have engraved.)
Constabel Burton in crast. S. Petri ad Vine. 1295. Thomas de Richemund dominus
de Constabelburton ac filius et hceres domini Roaldi de eadem Philippo de Saperton,
durante vita, molendinum aquaticum et omnes terras etc. in feudo meo apud Mersk
quoa vcndico tenere de Roberto filio et hserede Roberti quondam domini de Merske.
In 1296 Eobert de Marsk conveys to Saperton the manor of Marske,
and the advowson of the church, in the presence of Sir Hugh de Aske,
Sir Wm. de Scargill, and Roger Lord of Halnaby, and in 1298 he quit-
claims to him all his interest in Marske. In 1301 Harsculph de Cleseby
enfeoffs Saperton, Harschulph son of Wm. de Cleseby, jun., and Margery
his wife, in the manor and advowson, (the "heremite croft" as granted
to him by Robert de Marske alone excepted), to the use of the said Saper-
ton for his life, with remainder to Harsculph son of Wm. Cleseby, jun.,
and his heirs, and failing them to Saperton' s own heirs. In 30 Edw. I.
Saperton suffers a recovery at York of the manor and advowson, "exceptis
tribus acris terra? et una bosci, et communia pasture ad quatuor jumenta,
sex-decim vaccas cum sequela trium annorum, et homagio et servicio
Hervici de Mersk et heredum" and Saperton acknowledges them to
be " jus Harseulphi, ut ea qua3 idem Harschlphus habet de dono pr^dicti
Philippi" Cleseby then grants to Saperton a life-interest in the manor,
which is estated on Harschulph son of Wm. de Cleseby and Margery his
wife, and their heirs failing them, on Robert son of Wm. de Saperton
and his heirs failing them, on Robert de Mersk and his heirs, and then
on the right heirs of Harsculph de Cleseby.
The manor of Marske is now in the possession of the Clesebies. The
purchaser, Harschulph de Cleseby, was a man of some consequence in his
day. In 1 278 he was receiver of Richmonshire. At the time of Kirkby's
inquest, a Harschulph (son of Wm.) de Cleseby held lands at Cleseby,
Wycliffe, Thorp, and Girlington. In the 8th of Edward I. he was
found to be enfeoffed of Aldbro' for his life, by John de Britannia. By
deed dated Peb. 1305, according to Dr. Whitaker, he founded a chantry
at Ellerton. The Harsculph de Cleseby on whom he estated Marske
was probably his nephew, and his brother Sir John de Cleseby was in-
debted to him for some property at Marske, and, in all probability, for
an estate in the parish of Downholme.
Of Sir John Cleseby, till very recently, I knew positively nothing.
He disappeared altogether from local history. This disappearance is,
however, explained by the following entry in the Lanercost chronicle.
MCCCXVI. Eodem tempore, miles quida-n de comitatu Richemundise, de-minus,
scilicet, Johannes de Cleseby, congregans sibi multitudinem malefactorum et ribald-
orum, insurrexit et patriam destruxit, spolians et rapiens (et) vastans pro vohmtate
sua et suorum, sicut fecit dominus Gilbertus in Northumbria cum suis complicibus et
ribaldis ; sed, Domino ordinante, ambo cito capti fuerunt, et dominus Johannes positus
est ad poenitentiam suam, quia noluit loqui corarn j usticiariis adductus, et cito post
mortuus est in carcere.
"What an unhappy end ! And yet there was more of wantonness than
malice in these exploits. Gilbert de Middleton thought it a good joke
to plunder the cardinals, with the Bishop of Durham in their suite.
The Peacock of the North, with his company of " ruffling blades," was
like him, but he was a Neville, and the arm of the law did not choose
to arrest his course.
The descendants of the culprit's brother were more fortunate. They
retained possession of Marske for nearly a century and a half. We learn,
however, from registers of the archbishops of York, that on one occasion
the head of the house of Marske fell under ecclesiastical censure. On
June the 18th, 1408, the archbishop directed Thomas Tesdale, rector of
St. Crux, in York, to absolve from excommunication John Barowby, chap-
lain, of Kirkby Ravenswath, who had been thus punished for solemnizing
a clandestine marriage, without banns, between Robert Place, Esq., and
Catharine Halnaby, of Halnaby. He was also to absolve the witnesses
of the ceremony, Sir Halnath Mauliverer, kt., Sir John Halnaby, and
Thos. Cleseby, Esq., lord of Mersk. The wedding had probably taken
place in the adjacent manor house at Skelton,
The following imperfect pedigree will give my readers some account
of the family of Cleseby of Marske :
"William de Cleseby, jun. c= ...... dau. Sir "Wm. le Scrope, kt.
Sir John de Cleseby, kt. Lord of Down-
holme (Whitaker). In 1313 he grants
to John de Bellerby, elk., a toft and croft
and other lands at Walburn. At York
7 Edw. II. he grants to his brother Hars-
culph, " totum servicium Hervici de
Marske, et Joh. filii sui," and pardons
him bis suit of court at Marske. Died
in York Castle.
John de Cleseby. Red, two silver bends, an
ermine canton. (Glover's Roll.) There
are some variations in tbe armories.
Harsculph de Cleseby, son of ^Marjory.
"Wm. de Cleseby, jun. Marske '
is settled upon him and his issue in 1 301,
Henry le Scrop, kt., grants " Harsculfo
de Cleseby, nepoti meo, placeam vocatam
hermitagium in villa de Marsk. Test,
mag. Stepb. de Scrop, rectore de Marsk,
fratre meo." In 1313 Job. de Ask, fil.
et beer Hugonis de Ask, mil., grants
" Harsculpbo de Cleseby, et Mariotae, ux.
ten-am voc. le bermytage in campo de
Merske." He was constable of tbe castle
of Conisburgh, and in 19 Edw. II. bis
goods at Marske to tbe amount of 61. were seized for a debt due by bim to tbe king.
"Hursqui de Cleseby port de goules ove une fees et trois losenges d' argent." (Roll of
Arms, 2 Coll. Top., 327.)
Tbomas de Cleseby, dominus de Marske, =p Sibella.
fil. and hser. Harsculfi de Cleseby. In L -j
1337 be acknowledges receiving "deMar'quse
fuit ux. predicti Harscbulf patris mei 40 cartas
tangentes Mersck et unam cartam tangentem
Cleseby, videlicet, illam cartam quam Harscbulf
de Clesby dedit Herscbulf filio Willelmi." Tbe
part of tbe indenture at Marske is sealed as in tbe
tbe margin, Laton on Tbe same bear-
ings occur separately at Jervaux. In 13 Edward
III., Robt. de Marske quitclaims bis interest in
Marske to Tbos. de Cleseby and Sibella ux. In
16 Edw. III., be grants "placeam apud Merske
voc. le Mikelridding," to Sir "Wm. le Scrop, kt.
for 10 years. Witnesses charters at Marske, 23
Edw. III. and 1343.
Harsculph de Cleseby, witnesses several charters
at Marske, inter 28-45 Edward III. Presents to
the Irving in 1362.
Issue of Harsculph de Cleseby <
John de Closeby, rector of
Marske from 1394 to 1440.
See among the rectors.
June 17, 6 Hen. V., Thos.
Cleseby, Esq., makes his
bro r . John Cleseby, rector
of Marske, his attorney to
take seizin of lands in
Marske given to him by
Acrisius de =p Alice.
Cleseby, occ. L
in the Marske char-
ters inter 1380-1400.
Had lands in Huds-
well. A bailiff of
John de Cleseby, Esq.,
occurs as a trustee at
Marske, 12 and 14
Thomas de Cleseby,
dominusde Marske. '
In 1384 Thos. de Couton re-
leases to him the manor of
Marske, and the church, and
lands in Cleseby and Thornton
Steward. 23 Ric. II conveys
to his broth. John, and Robert
Playce, Esq., all his lands in
Marske, ex dono Richard de
Marske. 8 Oct., 2 Hen. VI.,
enfeoffs his brother John, Chr. Banister,
Esq., John Settill cap, and John Dogson
of Newsom, of Marske, &c. (Seal of Arms : Two bendlets, a
canton.) At the Dissolution, the Abbey of Eggleston paid 66s. 8d.
per ann. to a chantry priest at Ellerton, " pro ammabus heredum
Thomse de Cleseby." 23 July, 16 Hen. VI., Alianora nuper ux.
Thorns Cleseby, grants seizin to Ralph Pudsay, Esq., of Colyn-
hall and Orgate. On 18 July, 34 Henry VI., Ralph Pudsay, kt.,
conveys them to John Dinley, Esq., and others, and seals with one
of his mullets as in the margin.
=F probably a relative of "Walter Hawyk of Little Eden,
co. Durham, who 2 March, 4 Hen. VI., willed that estate to
his son and daughter, rem. to John of Trollop. The arms of
Hawyk were Gold (or silver), a black bend, generally charged
with three crosses (crosslet.) See 1 Sur. 36, 91, 92.
Robert de Cleseby, dominus == Elizabeth. Agnes, wife of John Harsculph de Cleseby.
de Marske, filius et hsres *
Thorn de Cleseby, 1 Mar., 5 Hen. VI.
effect of the
deed of 2nd
subject to the
dower of Ali-
anora his fa-
In 7th Hen.
VI., he again
conveys his lands to the same parties to
makeasettlem* of his estates, &thatis, 1.
On himself in tail. 2. On John Trollop,
Esq. & Agnes his (Cleseby' s) sister & heir,
in tail. 3. On Harschulph de Cleseby.
His wife Elizabeth to keep her dower.
TroUope, Esq. of Thomas de Cleseby.
Thornley, co paL, R d Cleseby.'
a legatee in 1429,
of Robt, Playse of Richard de Cleseby.
Egton, who calls Peter de Cleseby.
her broth. Robert j o hn de Cleseby.
(of whom she was Margaretj (afterwards
wife of John Wa wton,
Esq. of Cliffe, who d d
in 1 479, and called by
Glover, 'aniita Eliza-
All these, in July, 16
Hen. VI., as children
of Thomas & Alianora,
release Colynhall and
Orgate to Pudsay their
tive in 7 Hen. VI.)
his " cousin and
godson." In 1474
her grandson took
Little Eden under
the settlement of
4 Henry VI., and
the Hawyk arms
were quartered by
her descendants in
right of that land.
Elizabeth Cleseby, only child and heiress. " Spofford. =F Wm. Conyers, Esq., 5th
Ad curiam domini Henrici Percy comitis jSTorthumbris, son of Christopher Con-
tentam ibidem 25 Maij, 29 Hen. VI., inquisitio capta fuit yers of Hornby, Esq., of
per sacramentum, &c. Qui dicunt, &c. quod Elizabetha Marske, jure ux.
filia et heres Roberti Cleseby, modo uxor Willelmi *
Coniers, ad festum sanctorum Apostolorum Simonis et Judae ultimum elapsum fuit
getatis quatuordecim annorum et amplius. Ideo preceptum est feodario domini quod
deliberari faciat prefatis Willelmo et Elizabeths uxori ej us omnia terras et tenementa in
Patenall, Setyll, Remyngton, Newsom et Horton cum eorum membris et pertinencies
quse sunt sive fuerunt in manu domini racione minoris setatis ejusdem Elizabeths."
THE MANOR. 35
It will be seen that the elder line of Cleseby ends in an heiress who
became the ward of Eichard Neville, Earl of Salisbury. The loss of
the family estates must have been very mortifying to the uncles. It is
probable that before this there had been some dissensions in the family,
as Robert Cleseby, it will be observed, estates Marske on his sister
Trollope, failing his own issue, to the exclusion of his six brothers.
"When Marske passed away from them to a little girl their disappoint-
ment 'must have been very great. It manifested itself in an unwonted
way. On the 12th of June, 1436, the king issued a writ to enquire
into the circumstances of an assault said to have been made upon the
house at Marske by Harsculph Cleseby, late of Marske, gen., and others.
They had arrayed themselves in a warlike fashion, and had expelled
the adherents of the earl. We know nothing of the result of the
Cleseby had, undoubtedly, a very brief tenure of the property of
which he had so unceremoniously taken possession. The discontented
feeling in the family did not, however, cease for a long time. In the
7th of Henry VIII. an agreement was made between Thomas Cleseby
of Scruton, gentleman, and Wm. Conyers, Esq., of Marske, by which
it was stipulated that Conyers should have Marske and Hudswell,
Cleseby keeping all the lands in Cleseby and Manfield which had be-
longed to Thomas Cleseby, his grandfather. Conyers, possibly, to free
himself from any further annoyance, put in a claim to the ancient
estates of the Clesejbies before Marske came into their possession, and it
is probable enough that he would have some interest in them through
the heiress : this demand, and it would be a very dangerous one, would
suggest a compromise which would set the matter at rest for ever.
Of the subsequent history of the Clesebies there is little known. They
were traffickers in abbey lands, one of them having a lease at Ellerton
and another a house at Fountains. Another member of the house, who
bore its ancient name of Harsculph, rushed into the Rising in the North,
and was condemned at York. He was drawn to the gallows on Knaves-
mire, to learn there that his life was spared. A family, descending
doubtless from the ancient house, continued to reside on the old estate at
Cleseby to the middle of the seventeeth century.
Marske now fell into the possession of a branch of the great and rising
family of Conyers, an offshoot from the house of Hornby which was so
soon to be ennobled. The custody of the lands and person of the heiress
of the Clesebies was made over by the Earl of Warwick, to whom it had
been in the first instance granted, to Christopher Conyers, Esq., of
Hornby, and he married the young lady, and secured her estates, to one
of his younger sons, William Conyers, the head of the family of Conyers
With his wife Conyers received a very goodly heritage. A fine levied
10 Henry VI., in the lifetime of the father of the heiress, recites the
possessions that descended to her the manors of Marske and Pathnell
in Craven, and a messuage, four bovates, and 215 acres of arable land in
Cleasby, Thornton Steward, Horton in Craven, Remington, Kewsom in
Craven, Swinden, Arncliff in Craven, Settle, Horton in Ribblesdale, and
He was by no means a careless husband of his wealth. He was a
member of a careful and a saving family, and with many opportunities
for enlarging his estate, and no want of money, he grew rapidly in
worldly substance. On 20 Sep. 1472, he sells for 600 marks to John
Wodehall of Stainton in Cleveland his lands in Stainton, Stainsby,
Maltby, Thormandby, Thornton, and Yarm, which he had bought for the
same sum from Wm. Eseby of Eaceby on the same day. On 10 Apr.
34 Hen. VI. Joan dau. and heir of Thos. Storror of Manfield grants her
land at Marske to "Wm. Conyers, Esq. The grant is witnessed by Chr.
Conyers of Hornby, Esq., and Sir John Conyers his son, Robt. Wyclyff,
Esq., Richard Bennock, clerk, and Thos. Grene. On 12 June 6 Edw. IY.
Robert Cuthbert of Earnardcastle, Xath. his wife, and Wm. Cuthbert
his son and heir, grant to Wm. Conyers, Esq., all their right in the
the towns and territories of Barnardcastle and Bolron. On 24 Mar. 35
Hen. VI. Sir Ralph Pudsay and Henry his son release to him and his
wife their interest in Marske. On 4 June 16 Edw. IV. Robt. Simson of
Lower Conscliffe grants to him a tenement and 10 acres of land in
Bolam. On 20 July 13 Hen. VII. Geo. Kelsy grants to his son Chr.
Conyers a messuage in Glints, and on the 9th of Nov. 20 Hen VII. Wm.
Braderig of Richmond, son and heir of Chr. Braderig, deceased, grants
to Chr. Conyers, Esq., lord of Marske, his lands, &c., in Marske and
Aldburgh and his burgage in Richmond.
"William Conyers of = 2. Anne, widow of Sir Ric. Tempest, kt. On 5
Marske, Esq, jure Feb. 15 Ed. IV. Wm. Conyers binds himself,
uxoris. Fifth son together with Chr. his son & heir, & John Swale
of Chr. Conyers, of West-Grinton, Esq., in the sum of 500
Esq., of Hornby. marks to Humphrey Lord Dacre to give her a
Lived at Marske state of 10 marks per ann. 1 Mar. 16 Edw.
in 1463. Feb. 4, IV. he enfeoifs her of Collinghall, Hermite
11 Edward IV., a close, & Orgatc, two tenem. in Carlton near
general pardon to him from the Aldburgh, lands in Richmond & Aldburgh, for
king. life, rem. son Chr. and heirs, rem. son Wm.
She remarried Thos. Hardy, and on 20 Sep.
18 Hen VII., Christopher Cony era, Esq., grants Collinghall to her and her husband
for her life.
1 . Elizabeth, :
| Issue of Elizabeth and William Conyers.
Win. Con- 1. Elizabeth, =Christr. Oonyers=2. Elizabeth dau.
in feoff, of
in will of
his bro. Chr.
Thomas Conyers, ment d
in the will of his broth.
Robert Conyers, ex r . to
his brother Chr.
Margery Conyers, mar.
Eston of Richmond,
and had issue ment d in
will of her bro. Cuthbert.
of Marske, Esq.
1 May, 3 Hen.
VII. Chr. Con-
yers, Esq., enfe-
offs W. Conyers
of Hornby, Esq .
of Nappa, Esq.,
& Galfrid Met-
kalfe, gent., of
Marske & Path-
nell, in Craven.
Willdt. at York
14 Mar. 1504-5,
& pr. there, q. v.
of 3 June,
16 Hen. VII.
Esq. enfeoffs Jn.
Bayn, in a rues.
&c. in Pathnall,
& Inds. inNew-
som field pro
vita Eliz. uxoris
ad usum suam.
Wm. Lord Coii-
yers & Robert
Conyers, Esq., the feoffees of 3rd
Henry VII., confirm this grant
20 Sep. 20 Hen. VII.,
and their seals are here
engraved. The blue
lion of Brus and Fau-
conberge is pleasingly
introduced by the lord
of Hornby within his
paternal maunch. She
was executrix to her
the Bp. of
tor of Rud-
by 15 13- 17 Percival
con of Car-
ton Rudby Obituary.)
Will dat. 22 March,
and proved at York
16 June 1517.
I ..- I ' | ' | ["-'"' i
1. William Conyers, Esq. of Marske. Eleanor, dau. Tho. Conyers, Jane Conyers
Mentioned in his father's will, and " TT ' '
by his uncle. 10 May, Hen. VIII.
grants lands at Glints, Collinghall,
& Est Pathnell, to Rbt. Bowes
Th. Rookby, Ric. Sigeswick, Esqrs.,
& Chr. Beckwith, cap., the dower of
Eleanor his wife. A general pardon
to him 5 June, 29 Hen. VIII.
Makes a settlement of Marske 4 L
Edw. VI. Inq. p. m. 10 Oct. 1 & 2 Ph. & Mary, ob.
10 Jan. 1 Ph. & Mary.
Will da. 12 Jan. 1553-4. Pr. at Richm. Apr. 10.
Bowbearer within the New Forest & Arkilgarthdale.
his father and
his uncle, and
tions in his
Esq. Died be--
fore her hus-
band, & bur.
yers, ment d by
Humphrey Conyers, ment. by
Christopher Conyers, ment. by
1 William =(
^Catherine, one of
the three dans. &
yers, ment d by
Robert Con- =
yers, ment d
beth, mar. Ran-
co-heirs of James
by his father,
daur. dal Gir-
by Anne, dau. and
ment 11 . by his
dison, ton, Esq.,
co-heir of Ralph
co. pal. ment d by
Wycliffe of Wy-
Dun- her father.
cliffo, Esq., ment.
inserted on the
in her husband'
will; cx s .
Cath., ment j by her
Issue of William Conyers and Catherint
of Marske, Esq., grants to Christopher son and
heir of Sir James Metcalfe, kt, William Thoreshy,
Thos. Mounford, Thos. Midelton, Robt. Maleverey,
and Ralph Hopton, Esq r9 ., his manors of Marske
and Pathnel to fulfil indr 3 . of marr. between him
and Sir Wm. Maleveiy, kt. and Ralph Wyclif, Esq.,
for the marr. of "William his son & heir, & Kath.
d. James Malevery, Esq. 19 Hen. VIII , at request
of Wm. Conyers, Esq., they estate the said lands
on his son "William and Cath. his wife. 20 Aug.,
20 Hen. VIII., Wm. Rokeby, gen., ad requis. Wm.
Conyers, Esq., of Marske, grants to Wm. Conyers,
his son and heir, and Kath. ux., jus suum in Clynts
and ten. in Richm d . and Aldburgh. Will dat. 11
Mar., 1556-7, Pr. 4 May, seq.
Joan, only n=ArthurPhillip,
daur. and I second son of
heiress, un- | James Phillip
mar. when j of Brignall,
her father | gen,
1 . Alice, dau. Anth. Ken-
dall of Thorpthewles,
byEliz. d Warde,
bp. 6 Jan. 1580-1, mar.
29 Dec., 1601, bur.
15 Apr. 1636, at
2. George, bp. 10
1. Anthony Con- 1. Elizabeth Conyers, bp.
yers son & heir, 6 Jan., 1602-3.
1615, of ...... 2.1sabel,bp. 27 July, 1606 ;
clerk, ob. 14bur. mar> 26 Nov. 1628, Hugh
Blackett of Shipley, gent.
3. Anne, bp. 26 July,
4. Alice, bp. 25 Sep. 1608,
mar. 17 Jan., 1631-2,
Thos. Merrington of Bil-
5. Catharine, bp. 11 Nov.,
1612, bur. 24 Jan., 1626.
6. Mary, bp. 10, bur. 13
7. Beale, bp. 23 July 1615.
8. Anne, bp. 10 Feb., bur.
6 June, 1617.
i. 6 Jan. 1580-1, mar. ;
Dec., 1601, bur. 26
Issue ofR. Confers <$ Elizabeth.
father. Mar. Thomas Mid-
dleton, gen. of West Apple-
Margaret, ment d . by her father,
said to have married William
Elizabeth, married Richard
Sedgwick, Esq., of Wai-
burn, and died 1573. /K
Cecily, married Henry Ask-
with of East Newstead, Esq.
=P William Conyers of =^2.
Woolley, par. Brance-
path, Esq., set. 56,
1620-30. Adm. gr*.
12 May, 1641 to his
bur. 20 Oct.,
4. Robert, bp. 16
July, 1611, bur.
28 Aug., 1612.
5. Thomas, bp-
17, bur. 18 Nov.
of Sir John Cal-
verley, kt., of
Cath. dau. Sir
ham of Holm-
side, kt., bp. 14
March, 1630, &
Will' dated at
Brancepeth, 4 May, 1705.
Died in great poverty.
Thos. Conyers, born
3, bp. 28 May, 1651.
Wm. Conyers, born
8, bp. 15 Nov. 1653.
bp. 26 May, 1657.
6 May, bapt.
4 June, 1655,
The following wills will serve to illustrate the pedigree, throwing, as
wills always do, a very pleasing light upon the history and the manners
of the times. The wills of the two last owners of Marske who bore
the name of Conyers will be found in the volume of Bichmondshire
"Wills which I had the honor to prepare for the Surtees Society seven
March 14, 1504. Christofer Conyers of Marske, esquier, beyng in the cite of
Yorke, seke in body to be buryed where y* schall plese Almyghty God. I bequeth &
gyff my best grament in the name of my mortuary as the custum ys of the saide cite.
To the parische kyrke of Marske, 13s. 4d. To the Freeirs of Rychmond, 6s. 8d. To
the Gray Freirs in York, 6s. 8d. To the nonrey of Marrykc, vj s. viij d. To my
THE MANOR. 39
brothere Rogere Conyers, a horse. I will that myn executor fynd a prest to syng for
my saule, my fathere and mothere saules, my wyffe saule that gon ys, hy the space of
iij yeres nexte aftere my decesse -where yt shall plese my wyffe, & the prest to have
by yere vij marc. I will that Elysabeth my wyffe have al maner of suche goodes &
catalles as I receyvyd withe her in manage. To my son Thomas, for terme of his
lyffe, all my landes and tenamentes in Thornton in the more, nowe in the haldyng of
Bulmere, a whele wryght, and gyffyth by yere xxiij s. iiij d. ; and all my landes in
Straffurth nowe in the holdyng of th' abbot of Eggliston, and gyffyth by yere vj s. :
and all my landes [in] Barton, nowe in the holdyng of John Person, and gyffyth x s.
viij d. To my sonne Michaell. for terme of his lyffe, my landes in Eychmond and
Huddeswell, nowe in the holdyng of John Hogeson, and gyffyth by yere xvj s. ; all
my landes in Alburth off Fetham, and gyffyth by yere v s. : all my landes in Carleton in
the holdyng off John Rome and Thomas Taylor, and gyffyth by yere xviij s., and a
cotage with th' appurtenances in Clynttes in the haldyng of John Anderson, and
gyffyth by yere iij s. iiij d. To Humfray, landes & tenementes, for terme of his lyffe,
that y s , my landes in Bolome, in the haldyng of Penyman, & giffith by yere x s. : all
my landes in Wolsyngham, in the holdyng of Sir Thomas Hall and John Eyre, &
giffith by yere viij s. ; all my landes in Barnyngham, in the holdyng of Thomas Nelson,
& giffith by yere x s., & xij s. yerly of a tenement in Marske nowe in the holdyng of
George Smyth. To my sonne Christopher, for terme of his lyffe, my landes in
Haukeswell, in the holdyng of Martyndall & on Scott, & giffith by yere xxiiij s. ; all
my landes in Staynton in Clyveland, late in the holdyng of one Barwyk & the pariche
prest, & giffith by yere xij s., all my landes in Barnard-castell, late in the holdyng
of a webster, and giffith by yere v a. Yff y* fortune Elysabeth my wyffe to be with
chylde it shall have for terme of liffe all my landes in Newcastell uppon Tyne. To
Elysabeth my wyffe halfe a more mere at Whitnowsyke in the wirkyng of James
Atkynson, & halfe anothere more mere there in the wirkyng of Edmund Tod. To
William my son a more mere at Coupperthwaite, whith I bought of Thomas Metcalfe.
To "William my son and eyre all my led chest' nes, of burneledes, wortled, at my maner
at Marske, to remayne to hym & hys eyrs for evere as yrlome, and all my farlmehaldes
in Arkylgarthdall, so that he in any wyse lett not ne make any interupcion un to my
feoffes nor myn executurs in executyng of this my will or any parte theroff, ne make
ne trouble ne vexacion to my wiff for her feoffement, joyntor or thirde, nor to any of
his yonger brethere, of my suche landes as y have giffyn & bequst theym. I will that
my feoffes perceyfe the revnues of the lordeschipe of Marske for iiij yeres to [raise]
xl li. towardes the maryage of my doughter Jane, &c. To every ilkon of my yonger
men servants vj s. viij d. To ilke othere man servant vs. and ilke woman servant iij s.
iiij d. My wyffe Elysabeth, my brother Sir Cuthbert & my broder Robed Conyers
my executurs. These beyng witnesse Mr. David Johnson bachiler of canon, "William
Conyers my sonne & eyre, "William Elson, gent., Sir Thomas Kyng, Sir William
Darnwater chaplayne & others. Yeven at Yorke, the day & yere above saide, and
signed with my sele. (Prob. apud Ebor. 21 Nov., 1505, & adm. to Robt. Conyers.)
1517- 29 March. Cuthbertus Conyers, archidiaconus Carliolensis et rector ecclesiaa
de Rudby, suspicans diem mortis mese appropinquare sep. in choro eccl. de Rudby.
Volo quod 20. disponantur die sepulturse meae. Cantariae de Salkeld iiij li. ut capel-
lanus ibidem oret pro anima mea et progenitorum meorum. Volo quod Robertus
Eston, filius sororis ineae Margerise de Richmont, ad exhibicionem suam et orandum
pro aniina moa per unum annum liabeat viij marcas. Volo quod curatus mcus vel
alius discretus presbiter habeat xvj marcas ad celebrandum in ecclesia de Rudby per
duos annos integros, Ecclesise de Rudby iij li. vj s. viij d. pro vestimento emendo. Ad
fabricam pontis fracti xx marcas allevandas ex viij xx arietibus meis depascentibus apud
Scarth. Willelmo Conyers de Merske arm. unum ciphum argenti cum signo Jhesu
in profundo, cum secundo meo lecto, scilicet, cum ornamentis, et unum le games le
vessell. Thomae fratri ejusdem Willelmi iij li. vj s . viij d. cum uno pullo, et Johannse
Conyers sorori eorumdem, x li. ad maritagium suum, solvendas ad manus mariti sui
futuri ejusdem et nulli alio. Johanni fratri meo de Riehmont vj li. xiij s. iiij d. ae
filio suo Percivallo xl s. Sorori meoe Margerise de Riehmont xl s. et Willelmo filio suo
xls. et unicuique alteri sororum mearum xx s. Priori et Conventui Carliolensi xl s. ad
celebrandum pro anima mea, Magistro et fratribus Collegii de Graistok vj s. viij d.
Henrico Conyers de Westlatb.es unum equuru album moliter gradientem, quern emi de
Willelmo Alderson et solitus sum equitare in persona propria, cum xx s. Johanni
Conyers rectori de Browham et Roberto Eston omnes libros meos tarn juris civilis
quam canonici. Dominse Annse Conyers duos annulos aureos quos habet. Christofero
Conyers, filio et heredi domini Willelmi Conyers militis, iij li. vjs. viij d. et optimum
meum lectum cum ornamentis, ac magistro Willelmo Dacre filio et heredi domini
Thomse Dacre militis iij li. vj s. viij d. Ad fabricam unius pontis vocati Geslingmyer-
ttrige x s. Roberto Eston meam nigram togam duplicatam cum le tawne sarcynet.
Johannes Conyers frater meus, Mr. Johannes Conyers magister hospitalis prope Al-
verton, Willelmus Husband magister Collegii de Graistok, et dominus Egidius Turner,
vicarius perpetuus de Dalton, executores Dominus Willelmus Conyers, et dominus
Thomas Dacre milites, supervisores. Datum apud Rudbe. (Pr. 16 June, 1517, apud
Jhesus. Jan. 2, 1531-2. Wm, Conyers of Marsk, esquier, 30 to be buried in the
ehurche of Saynt Edmunde of Merske. Where my broder Richard Sygeswyk of
Walb'n and others stand seased of x li. landes for performance of my will, my ex rs to
be seased of vij markes of it for vij yers to th'use of a preste to syng and praie for
my soul, and the preste to be taken and admit by the discrecon of Eleanor my wyffe.
Wher my wyff only of hir own gude mynde, kyndnes, and gude luffe she bereth to
me and o r childre, hath of her feoffment and threddes in Craven, at Patnall haulle,
released ix li. to such uses as I shall declare for thelth of my sowle and the well of
my childre, if Gode calle me to His mercye at this tyme, it shall go for v yers to the
benefiet and mariage of Margaret my doghter, and then for v yers to th' use of
Kateryn my doghter. I will my wiff have the chose of all my bedyng, to have two
bedes, and one of thre flat boles, with vj silver spones. To my sone and heire my
fermhold in Arkelgarth dail, called Poncherd, to kepe store apon, and the lesh of my
leid mynes after vij years, and Orgate, and the chamer called the parlor lofte and a
stanting cope, covered, parcell gillte, with the heirlomes, and a silver salte covered,
with vj silver spones and a mes, of ground at Modersall, &c. To my sone James
the parsonage of Merske which Sir John Weddalle hath covenannted to make a law-
full resignacion, and, if he mynd hyme therto, he shalle have xx li. towardes his ex-
hibicion. My broder Thomas. My sone Christofre. To my sone Robert the Peill
30 This will is in the autograph of the testator, and is preserved among the muni-
ments at Marske. The testator lived thirty years after this, and made a different
disposition of his substance, which may be found in the Richmondshire Wills.
THE MANOR. 41
close, ij water mylnes, &c. Wher it is agreyd betwise Henr' Gyrdlynton & Randall
his son & heyer & me for a mariage to be hadd bethwixe the said Randall & Crystyne
my doughtyr, & I to pay xl li. it to be kepyd. To Anton Sympson of Heyllay park
a more meire of grounde at Punsherd. To Akytill, a boye beynge with the vicare of
Arclegarth daill, a fermhald in the Bowes.
I wish much that it were in my power to connect the writer of the fol-
lowing most remarkable document with the family at If arske. He was
most proud, apparently, of the relationship, and it would give me much
pleasure to make out the connecting link. No will can be more curious
and striking, and it will be read, I am sure, with very great interest.
July 10, 1636. Roger Conyers of Richmond, 31 in the countie of Yorke, laite of
East Appieton, within the parrish of Cathericke, in the saide countie, manie years
servante to the laite renowned King James and Prince Henrie of famous memorie
(in extraordinarie), in whoes services and affairs by commission and otherwise often
imployed, wherin my loyaltie and service well approved to the good of the staite and
this countrie commonwelth : being sonne and heire of John Conyers, laite of East
Appieton afforesaid, Esqr., deceased, & intombed in All Hallo wes Churche, in Newe
Castell upon Tyne, whoe was of the famelie and house of Maske, nighe Richmond,
afforesaid, discended from the fyfte brother of William Lord Conyers, sometime of
Hornebie in the said countie of Yorke, the first Lord Conyers, whoe married the
31 This will is written on one large sheet of coarse paper. The whole of it is in
the testator's handwriting, and it gives us a perfect picture of the compiler.
He was, it will be observed, in great fear of the plague, and he probably fell a
victim to his alarm, as he was buried at Richmond on the 19th of January, 1636-7,
just six months after he sat down to make his will. He remembered, doubtless, all
the previous visitations with which Richmond had been afflicted, and the news that
the plague was again at Newcastle would work greatly upon the old man's fears.
At Newcastle the plague made great havoc, and Mr. Jenison, the intruding vicar,
wrote thereupon "Newcastle's call to her neighbour and sister townes and cities
throughout the land to take warning by her sins and sorrows ; whereunto is added,
the number of them that died weekly in Newcastle and Gateside from May 6 to
Dec. 31, 1636. London, 1637."
Conyers, it will be seen, mentions an intruder upon his^paternal estate at East
Appieton. That intruder was the well known author of Drunken Barnaby, a man of
eccentric, although great, learning. "We meet him here located in Richmondshire
for the first time. Soon after this he took to himself a wife from East Appieton, a
daughter of the house of Croft. He lies in the parish church of Catterick, where
there is a monument to him and his adventurous but ill-fated son.
I give with this note some extracts from the wills of the father and brother of the
testator, which are in the Registry at Durham.
May 26, 1619. John Conyers of Newcastle -uppon-Tyne, gent. I release unto my
sonne Roger Conyers two bonds which he oweth me in satisfaction of his child's
part. To my sons John, James, & Geo. Conyers, 140?. each. To my daurs. Cecilie
wife of Thos. Husband, Dorothy Willies, Grace & Mary Conyers, 140?. each. To
my dau. Ann Anderson, SOL To nay cosin, John Smelt, 10?. To Marie and Jane
Metcalfe, daurs. of Rich d M. a cupboard at Laiton. Son James ex r . Sir Thos.
Laiton of Sexhowe, kt., Ambrose Dudley of Chopwell, esq., Chr. Pepper of St. Mar-
tin's, & Edmond Richison, supervisors. Codicil. 9 Aug. Whereas his sonne in law
Richard Metcalfe, of East Layton, owes him 357?., for the love which I bear to him
& Eliz., my dau., his wife, I forgive him 157?. and give 40?. to each of his children,
Michael, Mary, and Jane Metcalfe. (Pr. 25 Feb. 1619-20.)
INV. 23 Feb. Howshould stuff, 13?. One silver bowle & eight silver spoones, 31.
One baie meare & one dunn nagg, 51. One cowe, 33s. 4d. Three corsletts with
dowghter of the Lord Dacers of the north : since which towe Lords Conyers, viz.,
Christofer Lord Conyers, whoe married the dowghter of the Earle of Westmorland,
and John Lord Conyers his sonne, whoe married the dowghter of the Earle of Cum-
berland, whoe departed this life withoute anie yssue maile, whoes inherittance there-
bie discended to his three dowghters, of one of which Sir Conyer Darcie, knight,
discended and came ; to whome a thirde parte of the said lands discended as heire to
his said mother : (of w ch relation maid in memorie of the nohillatie and worthines
thereof) J, nowe, sicke in bodies, visitted with long sicknes and infirmitties of bodie,
the stoone, and the gowte, being disabled in bodie to travell upon my necessarie oc-
casions for my mantenance, yet of good and perfecte memorie, for that in this peril-
lous tyme of plague and pestilence wherwith dyvers parts of this our realme of
England ys nowe sore visitted, and especiallie the cittie of London and subberbes
thereof, and the towne, burrowe, and subberbes of Newe Castell upon Tyne affore-
said, to w ch wee are all noe less subjecte and remidiles, but onelie by repentance to ap-
peale to God for mercie to withdrawe his wrath froine them and us, w ch 1 humblie
beseche God of his greate goodnes to grant. I, nowe being of the age of threescore
and sixtene years, ordeyne and make this my last will and testamente in manner and
forme following. First, I bequeth my soule into the hands of Almightie God, my
Creator, and to Jhesus Christe my Redemor, and the Holie Gooste, my Consolacion
and Comforter, the Wholie and Blissed Trenitie, to Whome be all honor and glorie
ascribed for ever & everlastinglie ; by Whome and throughe Whome I trust assuredlie
to enjoye eternall rest perpetuallie. Allsoe I render and committ my bodie to be
buried & intomed in the churche or parishe churche yearde where yt shall please God
to call mee to His mercie. my loving wife Allice Conyers, by whoes in-
dustrie and greate paynes taking wee have, by God's providens, our mantenance &
releife, my sole executrix to her my burgage &c. in Pilgrim Street, in the towne of
Newcastell upon Tyne, laite the inherittance of Thomas Howey my brother in lawe,
deceased, laite husbande of my sister Grace Conyers, also deceased. To my wife my
messuage, the kilne house & garth in the towne of East Appleton, laite in the tenure
of John Conyers my father, to hym gyven by Win. Pepper, my grandfather, with
Jane Pepper that was my mother, in franck marriage, being one of his dawghters, in
the 3rd yeare of Qu. Eliz., of which my said father was seized for the space of sixtie
yeares and more, and died thereof seizid, the said Jane his wife being departed this
life longe before hym, which messuage is now in the wrongfull tenure of John Hall
by cullour of demise from one Richard Brathwaite, whoes father purchased divers
other landes of my father & me in East Appleton aforesaid, but the said mes. was
especiallie excepted. I desier my said wife Alice as a legacie or bequest frome me
to gyve twoe shillings and sixpence a peece amongst my most nedeful kinsfolke and
frinds, as in remembrance of my love to them. I hereby desire my wellbeloved frends
pikes, 40s. One watch, 30s. One cote of plate with furniture, 20s. Two jackes, 5s.
All his apparell & money remaining in his purse, SOI. One gould ringe, 20s. Debts
on specialties due to him, 1965/. 15s. Funerall expences, 351. 6s. 8^.
Sep. 15, 1634. Thomas Conyers of Newcastle, gentleman. To the poore of par.
of All Sts., 40s. To my brother John Conyers, 10. and my best wearinge cloake.
To my bro r Roger Conyers, 51., and to Alice his wife, 20s. My sisters Mary Stubbs,
Eliz. Metcalfe, Dor. Willis, and Sisly Husband. My sister in law Sarah Conyers,
20s. To my honest friend Daniel Pusey, clarke, par. All Sts., 20s. To my kinde
freind John Tomkins of Newcastle, gentleman, 51. he ex r & residuary legatee.
INV. 27 Feb. 1634-5. Sum total 13SJ. Is. 10^.
THE MANOR. 43
Mr. John "Waistell, esqr., recorder of Richmond, Mr. Israel Feilding of Startforth,
esqr., my nephewe, and Mr. Francis Nicholson of Downeham Parke, gent., to take
the paynes to be supervisors of this my will, and as a token of remembrance of me I
gyve to everie of them ten shillings. To my nephewe and Mrs. Jane Shaftoe his
wife, either of them ten shillings, and to Ann Shaftoe their dowghter, ten shillings.
To my sister Elizabeth Metcalf and her two dowghters fyve shillings, and to my sis-
ter Cicill Husband fyve shillings, and to my syster Marie Stubbes fyve shillings, and
to my brother John Conyers six shillings, and to my sister Dorathie Willis dowghters,
everie of them towe shillings sixpence. To Sir William Hutcheone, clerke, of Rich-
mond, towe shillings sixpence. (Prov. 1 Mar., 1636-7, at Richmond )
In dor so, manu testator is. The last will and testament of Roger Conyers, made
the tenth day of Julie, 1636, in the tyme of y e greate visitation of plague and pesti-
lence att London and Newcastle upon Tyne, wherupon a generall & straite watche.
Hard for anie to travell without a good certificate under the hand of good awethoritie.
"We now come to a very interesting period in the history of Marske.
There is a probability of the estate again descending to an heiress, and
measures are taken for securing to her a husband. On Jan. 16, 1550-51,
Win. Conyers of Marske, sen., Esq., and his son, another William, to
carry out the indentures of marriage which they had entered into on
the 31st of October previous with George Conyers, Esq., of Easington
in Cleveland, convey to Sir John Conyers, kt. Lord Conyers, Sir Chr.
Metcalf e, kt., Chr. Lepton and Richard Whalley, Esqrs., Michael
Wandesford, Thos. Gower, jun., James Gower, and Robert and Anthony
Conyers, gentlemen, the manor of Marske and lands in Hawkswell, Bar-
nardcastle, Bolam, Wolsingham, and Newcastle-upon-Tyne, on trust.
And the following settlement of these estates 33 is made: 1. On Wm.
Conyers, Esq., sen., for his life. 2. On Wm. Conyers, Esq., jun., his
32 The estates at this time were numerous and valuable. They were the manors of
Marske and Pathnall, lands, &c. in Clyntes, Bollerom, Carleton, Aldeburgh, Hawks-
well, Horton in Craven, Newsam, Richmond, Hudswell, Staneton in Cleveland and
Staynsbye. All this appears from an exemplification, under seal, made at the request
of James Phillip, gent., of the Inquisition post mortem Willelmi Conyers, 1 & 2 Ph.
and Mary. Marske and Glints were held of Henry Lord Scrope by knight's service
and were worth 30. per ann.
I now give a particular description and rental of the demesne lands at Marske, at
the time of the marriage of the heiress of Conyers with Arthur Phillip, on the evidence
of Rychard Gyffordson, Allen Hawkyn, Thomas Helmesley, Rychard Cotes, John
Taylor, Edward Dent, Barnard Orton, George Pettye, Willyam Todd, Thos. Atkynson,
James Blades, Willyam Dawson, Leond. Hagston, James Metcalf, Peter Thomson and
" Arable londs, 3 acres, 51. by yere. Hall close cont. 8 acres, 26s. 8d. Atkynson
field, cont. 14 acrea, 405. Prye field, cont. 20 acres, 50s. 4d. Rawse closes, cont.
amonge them 22 acres, 31. 6s. 8d. Wraye wood, cont. 16 acres, 41. Orgate closes,
cont, 61 acres, 30s. The Orchard and the garth adjoynyng to the howse and one
close callyd Longleyes, cont. 5 acres, 20s. The Parke and Hingyng banck spring,
cont. 4 acres, Wraye wood, cont. 3 acres, Thycket spring, cont. 1 acre, the spring adjoyn-
yng to the fatt close, cont. 2 acres, the spring callyd Orgat spring, cont. 2 acres, the
intack at Orgett, cont. 4 acres, 40s. Ha. . . .orth hyll, cont. by estymacon 200 acres,
Ql. 13s. 4d. One close of pasture callyd Fatt close, cont. 24 acres. 4/. The myll
there 4?. Summa, '371. 10s. 4d."
son and heir-apparent. 3. On Joan Conyers, dau. and heir of "Win.
Conyers, jun., and her heirs, and failing them, on Nicholas son and heir
of George Conyers, Esq., of Easington, or Leonard his brother : but if
either the father or the son have any farther male issue, the portion of
the presumptive heiress is to be 340/., a very handsome dowry.
It was evidently the wish of the Conyers' s to marry the heiress of
Marske to one of their own name and family. And it was a very na-
tural desire. The intended bridegroom of the young lady was a distant
cousin, descended likewise from the house of Hornby, and the son of the
head of the family of Conyers of Bowlby, in the parish of Easington in
But there is many a slip between the cup and the lip. Before any far-
ther arrangement was made, the owners of Marske, father and son, both
die. The wardship of the heiress and the custody of her lands now pass
away into the hands of the queen, out of the reach of her family, and a
successful applicant springs up for them in the shape of one James Phillip
of Brignall. He was a turbulent fellow, without either character or
position, who had been an agent on the estates of Lord Scrope of Bolton,
and had gained the ear of his master, it is said, by improper influences.
Under the shelter of that potent name he had pushed successfully his
own fortunes, but, after the fashion of all unscrupulous men, by the
most unfair means, stripping and plundering the estates over which he
was steward, ousting tenants from their leases, forcing loans which he
never intended to repay, litigious and quarrelsome.
But there is a little diablerie connected with him. In the latter part
of the last century two tablets of lead were discovered on Gatherley
moor. On the one side were scrawled magical signs and imprecations
against James Phillip, John, Chr. and Thos. his sons, and all their kith
and kin, that beggary should be their lot ; that they should flee Eich-
mondshire, and that nothing which they took in hand should prosper.
On the other side, in a tabular form, were rows of figures which if
summed up diagonally, horizontally, or perpendicularly, made up the
mystic number of 369. Some have thought that these tablets were
forgeries; but, let me ask, what possible reason could there be for
forging them. 33 It is far more likely that they were made by some
33 These tablets are said to have been found by "Wm. Hawks worth, Esq., in a
tumulus on Gatherley moor, the very place where you would expect to find them.
They were noticed, first, in the Gentleman's Magazine, and a long account of them,
with engravings, may be found in Clarkson's Richmond, and Whitaker's Richmond-
shire. From the circumstance of the names J. Phillip being scrawled at the bottom
of one of the tablets, it has been thought that he was the maker of them. It is far
more likely that they are the names not of the maker, but of the intended victim.
THE MANOR. 45
poor victim of James Phillip's malice ; for, as Avery Uvedale of Marrick
says in his complaint against him, "his extorcione is almost cryede owt
apon in everye poore widdowe's mowthe," and he "soo vexithe many
poore menne with proces and suits in the lawe that theye be utterly
undoone and almost readye to goo abowt in the cuntrye on begging w*
staff and poouke." We can easily imagine a party of the sufferers ga-
thering together on the lonely moor of Gatherley in the stillness of the
night, tracing the magic circle and muttering strange words. The leaden
tablets are the lamina on which their wishes were inscribed, summon-
ing the aid of the powers of evil.
Nunc, nunc adeste ; nunc in hostiles domes
Iram atque numen vertite.
And strange to say, by a remarkable coincidence, a curse seems to have
fallen upon the Phillips. The generation that witnessed their rise wit-
nessed their fall, and, now there is not a Phillip in the whole of Bich-
But it is gravely stated that James Phillip was himself conversant
with those arts of which his adversaries availed themselves. Avery
Uvedale says of him that he "is a man suspectide to bee by common
rumor a practiser with arte magicke, for the rumor goethe that his bro-
ther was taken in the tyme of King Henry e the eight for conjuring in
the cowrte and working w* a familiar, with whom this James Phillipe
then being in the cowrte fledde, as the rumor goeth, by leaping down
owt of a windowe, and afterwardes came to the service of the olde lorde
Scroope, whom by rumor hee so enchantide that he gett siche substance
of landes and goodes w ch hathe browght him from the state of a yeoman
man almost to presume with a jentilman, and to be his fellowe, yea,
rather, his better." 34
It was into this man's hands, probably through the mediation of Lord
Scrope, that the heiress of Marske came, and, of course, he never
thought of fulfilling the intention which her father and grandfather had of
marrying her to her cousin. He seems to have married her at once to
Arthur Phillip, his second son. Upon this a violent contention arose
between him and George Conyers of Easington, who, to say the least,
had been very hardly used. There were forcible entries upon Marske, 35
34 This extract is taken from a bill of complaint which was preferred against James
Phillip by Avery Uvedale of Marrick. It was printed in the fifth volume of the Col-
lectanea Topographica among other excerpta .from the Marrick papers which were
prepared by the late Mr. Thomas Stapleton. Uvedale had a quarrel with Phillip.
35 George Conyers and Nicholas his son received many of the rents and took fines
from the tenants. This, however, lasted for a very short time.
frays throughout the whole dale between tho partizans of the two
claimants, and, one occasion, Phillip had a quarrel "against certaine of
Mr. Conier's servants in Marske chirche for sitting in a stall, where-
apon hadde like to have beene greate manslawghter." Phillip, how-
ever, was successful. On Sep. 1, 1558, he got a general acquittance
from Catherine Conyers, the mother of hia daughter-in-law, who
thenceforward took his side most vigorously. On the 26th of May,
1560, the queen mentions in a letter that a petition has been preferred
by George Conyers in the Court of Bequests against Catherine Conyers.
She had thrown him into the Marshalsea on a plea of trespass, and for
a debt of 40QZ., a sum which, as he states, he paid to divers persons on
account of the said William, her husband. He got out of prison, and on
the 3rd of Dec. in the same year, Eobert Eokeby, of Lincoln's Inn, gent.,
receives in his behalf the sum of 60/. which James Phillip had paid him,
by force of an award. It is probable, therefore, that the question was
compromised, after several years of wrangling and contention. Conyers,
in spite of all his troubles, died in affluent circumstances in!568; and
both his sons, one of whom was a minor when his father died, made
alliances with the family of Beckwith.
The following pedigree will give my readers some account of the new
owners of Marske. There was a family of Phillip at Morton Tyne-
mouth, co. Durham, but I cannot connect it with that at Marske, al-
though there is, probably, some relationship. The arms of the Phillips
of Brignall are said 36 to be az. three sparrows closed, proper, but on a
silver chalice in the church at Rokeby a somewhat different coat is as-
cribed to them. The blazon I cannot give, but the bearings are, be-
tween a chevron charged with three flowers (roses ?) three sparrows.
"Philip was the usual name for a tame sparrow. 'Philip! Sparrow
James,' King John, Act 1." (Surtees' Durham, iv. 24.) The Phillips
formed quite a clan in the parish of Brignall, and any extensive ac-
count of them will properly come under that parish.
Henry Phillip of Brignall, said in the Visitation of 1575, to be a son of Ralph Phillips
1. Charles Phillip of Brignall. Will n
dated 19 Aug., 1577, and proved at
Richmond, 22 Oct., " to be buried
in the parishe church of Brignell."
= Anne dau. Ralph 2. James Phil- =
Bainbridge of lip of Brig-
Bolton, ment d nail: an agent
by her husband under the
F Alice, dau.
36 According to Clarkson a different coat was granted to James Phillip of Brignall,
by "Wm. Flower, Norroy, in 1561, viz., "three falcons arg., beaked and belled or ;
crest on a wreath, a demi-horse rampant, holding in his mouth a broken spear, broken
in two, all argent." My father and Mr. Surtees gave him. the simpler bearing of the
Issue o) ( buries and An
George Phillip, ment d
by his father & his bro. by his father : of
Cuthbert Phillip, ment d Brignall. Buried
by his father. tn ere 10 July,
Agnes,) 1619. Will dated
AlL, j mentd 1577 ' Sep. 18, 1614.
John Phillip, ment d =f Margaret
THE MANOE. 47
-sue ofJamet and j Alice Phillip.
of Bolton. Bailiff of the
queen's woods at Grin ton:
a chantry comm r for Eich-
mondshire 3 Eliz. 1 1 Mar.
3 Eliz., " Henry Scrope,
kt , Lord Scrope of Boltonne, appoints
James Phillip of Brignell, gentilman,
to veue, set furth, bargayne and sell
my woods and underwoods in my
manors of Eglington and Stanton, co.
York, Essington, co. Notts, and Eston, co. Lincoln." Will dated Feb. 7, 1582-3,
" being of auncient years and craysed in bodie to be buried at Brignell."
1. ' John Phill'ip'^Eleanor, 1 . Joan dau.=f2. Arthur Phillip=p2. Bridget, 3rd=3. Eliza-
dau. and and heiress
of Brignall, gen.
dau. of Nich- beth . . .
heiress of o f Wm C on-
of Marske, jure
olas Leyborne mention
to his father,
Edward yers, Esq.,
ux. May 8, 4
of Cunswick, withhei
who leaves him
Huds- of Marske.
Eliz., the queen
Westmorland, husb. in
well. July 3, 5
grnts. him a lease
Esq. Admin, the mar.
stuff at Brig-
Eliz., she &
of the ten*, in
gran d 14 Mar. art les . of
nall & his lease
her husband convey
Marske late be-
1575, to her Francis
of the manor
Marske to Eic. Becke
longing to the
husbn d , to the Phillip.
and park there
& John Story, to have
Nunnery of Mar-
use of her dau.
Lord Scrope. /
a fine made which is
^ done on 31 Jan. 1564-5.
rick, late in occ.
of Wm. Conyers,
Elizabeth Phillip, aminor
3. Henry Phillip, ment d in the Visitation.
Esq., for 13s. 4d. when her mother died.
4. Christopher Phillip.
5. Thomas Phillip : to these three sons
per ann. Sells In 1597 the estate was
Marske. 1597, charged with IQQl to her
October 26, Mr.
their father leaves annuities of 61. 13*.
4cl. for 70 years out of Brignall.
Arthur Phillipp (quondam Lord of the
manor of Marske) buried.
1. Agnes, said in the Baronetage to have
-- - - , ; t
been an heiress, and to have mar. Ealph Eobinson the ancestor of the Eobinsons of
Eokeby who quarter the arms of Phillip, qu.
Dorothy, whom her father desires her brother John to keep with meat, clothing, &c.
for 70 years as " he would his own daughter."
Jane, ment d in the Yisitation. Grace, ment d by her father, and left as Dorothy.
Eleanor, to whom her father leaves 100 marks.
1. Jane, dau. of =p Francis Phillip eldest=2. Elizabeth, dau. William Phillip ' ic-in^his
"I? rt rt ^ T 1 IT -r-r-r i * , . i . *L* " -
stall of Scar-
son and heir : joins
his father in the sale
of the estate. Marr.
covenants with Jane
Tunstall, sealed Dec. 8, 25 Eliz., and
on the 12th, to perform them, Arthur
Phillip conveys Marske to Eichard
Myddleton of Myddleton hall, West-
morland, Francis Tunstall of Awclif,
co. Lancaster, gen., and John and
Christopher Phillip of Brignall, gen.
He was of Lincolns Inn, and was an
eminent lawyer and conveyancer.
Welden, father & bror. in the sale
mar. at Eichmond of the estate. Qu. of Lin-
Feb. 8, 1596-7. coin's Inn. Marske was
charged with lOO^to him
John Phillip, a minor in 1597 ; to have 501.
from the estate.
James and Henry Phillip, minors, 1597; each
to have 30/. from the estate.
Mary and Alice Phillip, each to receive 40J.
Anne, Katherine, Lucy, and Bridget Phillip r
each to rece. 301. Cath. mar. Wm. Corbet.
Some of these children are, perhaps, by
the third wife.
William Phillip, said by Clarkson
have been his son, but qu.
Jane Phillip, according to Dugdale, married John Pearson of , in Cleveland,
and their son Thomas Pearson of Harpham, gent., married Margaret, daughter and
sole heir of .... Phillip of Marske, and widow of .... Salvin of Newbiggin.
Between 1626 and 1634 the Huttons leased a farm in Marske, at the rent of 30s.
per ann. to Thomas Phillips. On 4 Apr. 1638, Matthew Hutton, Esq., leases to Thos.
Phillips of Marske, the younger, the farme lately occupied by Thomas Phillips his
father. 1640, Apr. 14, Elizabeth, daughter of Mr. Thomas Phillips, the younger, bp.
1640, Dec., Mr. Thomas Phillips, bur. Marske Register. 1634, May 11, Catherine
Corbet, wife of William Corbet, and daughter of Arthur Phillips, once lord of this
towne, buried. On 1 Jan., 5 Jac., Sir Timothy Hutton leases to William Corbett of
Marske, Katherine his wife, and Hutton Corbett his son, "the seate and soyle of the
laite decayed leade mynes or smeltinge houses in the territories of Marsk, laite in
tenure of Richard Wyllancs of Eichmond, deceased."
Jan. 26, 1573-4. William Claypham, of Marske, gentleman "Wheras I have bene
brought up frome my tender age to this stayt I am now in at the onely cost and
charges of my most deare frendes Mrs. Katheryne Conyers, layt wife and executrix of
William Conyers of Marske, esquire, and also of James Phillip of Marske, aforesaydd,
gentleman, and nowe am desirus of my owne mynde to drawe to sarvis in the southe
partes in hope of better maintenance of my leavinge, by God's grace, and thereunto
onely set furthe in money and apparill by my sayd deare frendes," he gives them a
Avery Uvedale, in his complaint against James Phillip, says that he
injured the property and encroached upon the rights of the heiress by
letting it out in leases. And there is evidence to prove that he did so. 37
I do not think that Arthur Phillip had much to do with Marske before
his father died, and he would then receive it, in all probability, over-
burdened with encumbrances, which his large family would not allow
him to diminish. We cannot wonder, therefore, that he soon fell into
difficulties : Glints was the first portion of his estate that he sold, and
Marske soon followed it. It passed away to the family of Hutton.
The Huttons obtained a footing in the neighbourhood by the purchase
of the estate of Mar rick, which was sold to them in 1592 by Richard
Brackenbury, Esq., of Sellaby, a county of Durham man. They would,
therefore, be eager to secure the adjoining property of Marske when
there was a chance of its being sold. On the 7th of March, 39th Eliz.,
Arthur Phillip of Marske, Esq., and Erancis Phillip his son and heir-
apparent, Talbott Bowes of Eichmond, Esq., and Anth. Besson of Graie's
Inn, gent., sell the demesne of Marske for 3,000/. to Timothy Hutton,
Esq. On the 27th of the same month, the town and manor are con-
veyed at the request of Matthew Hutton, Archbishop of York, to his
37 A lease of the parsonage of Marske has been already noticed. On Apr. 8, 1589.
Arthur and Francis Phillip, grant a lease of the leadmines, &c., in the lordship of
Marske, to Cuthbert Buckle, alderman of London, who leases them on the 18th of
June to Richard Willance, Arthur Hutchinson, and Marm. Pearson of Richmond,
and they, on Aug. 18, grant them back again to the Phillips. On June 18, 1589, Buckle
leases to Willance, Hutchinson, and Pearson, the mill and certain closes in Marske,
Mar. 5, 1588-9. A lease of Orgate to the Phillips, for life, from the Queen : this was
claimed by Sir Timothy Hutton. There is a letter about this lease in the Hutton
Correspondence, p. 162.
fl s Hi^H?
S5'e.cS'|' "iS* 8
B " STs < 5'
; rvr? i s
THE MANOR. 49
sons-in-law Richard Remington of Lockington, clerk, and Wm. Gee of
Beverley, Esq. ; and on the same day in the following year, in con-
sideration of the sum of 1,600/. already paid, Francis Phillip of Marske,
Esq., covenants to the archbishop to free the property from all those
payments to his brothers and sisters with which the estate was charged
by himself and his father on the 30th of Sept. previous. On the 7th
of Oct., 1601, Remington and Gee convey the manor, at the request of
the archbishop to Timothy Hutton, Esq., the archbishop's eldest son.
In the family of Hutton the estate has ever since continued, and I
shall now bring before my readers several members of that family who
have distinguished themselves at home or abroad.
The founder of the family and the purchaser of the estate was
Matthew Hutton, Lord Archbishop of York. As I shall have an oppor-
tunity, before long, of going fully into the history of his life, I shall, on
the present occasion, give only a summary of it : more than this is un-
necessary, as the archbishop merely purchased Marske for his eldest son,
and he, therefore, ought properly to be considered as the head of the
house of Hutton of Marske.
Matthew Hutton, archbishop of York, was born about the year 1525
at Priest-Hutton, a small Lancashire village in the parish of Warton.
His parentage, although perhaps humble, was at all events respectable,
and there is no foundation whatever for the absurd accounts of it which
were afterwards circulated. Lancashire is the nurse of clever men, and
Hutton is one of the very many who have built up her fame. He was
entered at Trinity College, Cambridge, in 1546, being then, as some say,
1 7, and he pursued his studies there with such success that, in 1 557, he was
made a Fellow of his college. In 1561, he became Lady Margaret's
Professor, and in the following year he succeeded to the Mastership of
Pembroke Hall, Ridley's College, and the Regius Professorship ol
Divinity : for these honours he was mainly indebted, I believe, to the
affectionate regard of Grindall, whose chaplain and familiar friend he was.
In addition to these preferments he had the rectories of Boxworth,
near Cambridge, and Settrington and Leeke in Yorkshire, and stalls at
St. Paul's, "Westminster Abbey, Ely, York, and Southwell. On June 3,
1561, he was selected by the vice-chancellor of Cambridge to be one of
the twelve preachers to be yearly chosen by the University with the
In 1564, Queen Elizabeth paid a visit to Cambridge, and Hutton
kept the Divinity Act before her majesty with so much ability and
learning, that his promotion to still higher honours became almost cer-
tain. In 1567, he was advanced to the Deanery of York, an onerous
and honourable office. There he distinguished himself by the zeal with
which he opposed the encroachments of Archbishop Sandys, and by the
excellence of his preaching. In 1589, he was promoted to the wealthy
see of Durham, which he left for the archiepiscopal chair at York in
1594-5, although he was somewhat unwilling to leave the " deeper
manger" even for "the higher rack." In 1596, on the death of the
pious earl of Huntingdon, he became President of the Council in the
North. He died at Bishopthorpe on the 16th of January, 1605-6, and
was interred in York Minster, under a handsome monument, which has
been renovated, a short time since, by his descendant.
It is most pleasing to find him spoken of with much respect by
his contemporaries, whether they were friends or foes. A Jesuit
commends him for his knowledge of the Fathers. Dr. Haddon speak-
ing of his debating powers at Cambridge says of him "mini vehe-
menter satisfecit, usque eo, vix ut aliquid audiverim melius." The
Fellows of Pembroke Hall when he gave up the Mastership speak of him
as being " very dear to them, for his notable learning, holiness of life,
and great love to them." The grave and venerable Burghley, than
whom there was no better judge of character, tells his son that "he
was a person of great sufficiency and as well approved in that chardge
(the archbishoprick) as any prelat in England." And long after hia
decease the voice of praise was not silent. Fuller the historian says
"he was a learned prelate, lived a pious man, and left a precious mem-
ory." The industrious and excellent Thoresby tells us that "he wore
the mitre to a good old age, having adorned it with all episcopal accom-
plishments and Christian graces ;" and Mickleton, our own Durham
antiquary, says of him " Yalde fuit literatus et optime lectus et exerci-
tatus in antiquis patribus, magnus disputans et predicator excellentissi-
In his religious views Hutton was strongly tinctured with Puritanism.
He held somewhat extreme opinions on the questions of predestination,
reprobation, and orders. He was, also, opposed to any alteration in the
dress of the clergy. The well known letter which he wrote to Lord Cran-
borne shortly before his death has been too severely criticised: the
censurer must not forget the old age of the writer, and his great piety
and goodness. The position of a bishop in those days was far more
difficult than it is now. The great controversy between the two re-
ligious parties was then at its height; and the supervision of a jealous
and exacting sovereign made it by no means easy for a prelate to do his
duty. But it must be said for Hutton that he did not flinch from his
duty. As Dean of York, he manfully opposed Archbishop Sandys in
his attempts to control the Chapter : he was bold enough, on one occa-
sion, to thunder into the ears of the queen the duty of selecting her
successor on the throne ; and, on another occasion, he ventured to plead
for the life of Margaret 1ST eville, the poor suffering daughter of the fallen
house of Westmorland. He did not forget, also, the places where he
had drunk in those vast stores of learning which had been so useful to
him. He founded a free school and a hospital at Warton in 1594, and
to Trinity College he gave one hundred marks. He was also a kind
patron to needy scholars and his poorer kinsmen, 38 and many charitable
bequests will be found in liis will.
38 Archbishop Hutton was a very kind friend to his kinsmen. The families of
Hutton of Houghton-le- Spring, Haughton-le-Skerne, & Barnardcastle, owe their pros-
perity to him. A pedigree of the Buttons of Houghton may be found in Surtees.
The following notices of persons who bore the name, and, perhaps, shared the blood,
of the archbishop will be read with interest.
From the Buttons of Haughton the Buttons of Sowber Hill profess to descend.
Robert Hutton, the archbishop's brother; rector of Haugh-
ton-le-Skerne. Will dated 27 Dec. 1610, pr. 9 Jan., "to
be buryed in quyer at Haughton, neere my wyves stalle,
under the blewe stone in the east ende of the churche."
Inq. p. m. . . . . (3 Surtees, 345.)
ment d by her hus-
band : made her will
at St. Hellen's, Auck-
land, 13 May, 1624.
ton, son and
heir, aged . .
Matthew Hutton =F Anne
of Bishop- Auck-
land, gent., ex r
to his father.
Will dated 11
Dec. 1623, prov.
8th Jan. : buried
at St. Andrew's.
Archbp. Hutton leaves him 20/.
Elizabeth, married Humphrey
Stevenson, mentioned by her
grandfather and father. ^
ment d .
husb d .
Samuel =F Elizabeth dau.
of Soham, co.
29 July 1598,
ton of Marske,
her an ann>' of
2QI. and he
ment s her in
ex r to
dary of Ulleskelf
at York, 1603-
granted 3 Apr.
1629, to Wil-
liam Hutton of
gen., with tuition of his three sons.
ex 1 ' to his father
& ment d by his
was in the ser-
vice of Archbp.
Hutton who on
12 Nov. 1596,
gran t d him lease
of lands at Ot-
21 Oct. 1601
for 21 years.
Anne, ment d by her parents,
mar. John Vaux, curate of St.
Hellen's, Auckland, 1616-33.^
Timothy Hutton, mentioned by his Thomas Hutton,
grandfather and grandmother. In ment d by his grandfather and grandmother.
1629 Sir Timothy Hutton leaves Toby Hutton, mentioned by her grandfather and
to him, being his godson, Ul. per g r / ndmotner , mar . dau . Thomas Hawksley. Cf.
annum, for 7 years if he doe be- Hutton Corre> Ba at Belfrey church y ork
have mmselfe well and continue MO^ 14. ii
soe longe att Cambridge." 1636.
20 Mar. general acq. from Timothy Hutton of Cambridge, M.A., to Matthew
Hutton of Marske, Esq. Witness, Tobias Hutton.
" May 13, 1624. Anne Hutton of St. Hellen, Awckland. My son Marm. Hutton
has had the profitt of my house without making me accompt :' I release him of all
such reckinings & he to clame no more of my goods, but if hereafter in my lifetyme he
shall reforme himselfe of his vaine expence, I may be moved to alter this will. To
the poore of Haughton 20s., because I had my living among them, & 20s. more toward
the making of a dynner for me to the neighbors there, & the bells to be rung for a
For a man of his learning the archbishop wrote but little. He print-
ed a sermon which he preached at York in 1579 before the Earl of Hunt-
ingdon. Thoresby had a copy of it in his museum and mentions it as a
farewell. To my dau.-in-law Elizabeth Hutton, a double duckett & a gold ring which
lyes in a boxe in my little truncke."
Her children, through their folly and extravagance, seem to have caused some
trouble and annoyance to their cousins at Marske. Vaux made himself notorious in
after years, by dabbling in magic and selling almanacks and strange books at the altar
of his church at St. Hellen's, Auckland. It has been thought that Luke Hutton, the
highwayman, was a son of the rector of Haughton, or, at all events, of his namesake
who was a prebendary of Durham. Sir John Harrington boldly asserts that he was
a son of the archbishop, but this is certainly untrue, and I have never seen the
slightest evidence to connect him in auy way with that prelate's family. There is an
old ballad of 22 stanzas called Luke Hutton' s Lamentation. A verse or two will
suffice as a specimen. It is now excessively rare.
I am a poor prisoner condemned to die,
Ah woe is me, woe is me for my great folly !
Fast fettered in irons in place where I lye ;
Be warned, young wantons, hemp passeth green holly.
My parents were of good degree,
By whom I would not ruled be ;
Lord Jesus receive me, with mercy relieve me !
Receive, sweet Saviour, my spirit unto thee.
Upon St. Luke's day was I born';
Ah, woe ! &c ,
"Who want of grace hath made me to scorn ;
Be warned, &c.
In honour of my birthday then,
I rob'd in bravery nineteen men.
Lord Jesus, &c.
Nor must we forget John Hutton, rector of Gateshead from 1595 to 1612. I can-
not but think that he was a kinsman of the archbishop. Some of my Newcastle
readers will thank me for giving them some extracts from his will and inventory.
The inventory is full of curious words and is singularly interesting.
Feb. 20, 1611-12. John Hutton, parson of Gatesheade. To be bur. in the parish
of Gateshead. To my wife Florence (w ch she gave me for a token) 51. in gould, &
two gownes, two kirtles, two petticotes & a velvet hatt which I bought for my wife
Besse & the syde saddle, etc. which I bought last at London. To my sister Margaret
Blackburne one little peece of East Countrey plate. To my sonn Ilenrie Farniside,
3/. 6s. 8d. To James Farniside a (new) m r ot art 8 hood & 40s. To Edward Miller,
my sister's daughter's son, IQl. To Jacob Farniside, Edwyne Nicholson, & Wm.
Cooke, my wives children, & everie one of there wyves, a Frenche crowne a peece for
a token. To Thos. Cuthbert, notarie publique, a French crowne. The rest to my
wife & James Cole of Newcastle. To Jaine, wife of Nich. Cole & Eliz. wife of "Wm.
Rand, either of them a booke, th'one called Learne to Lyve, and th' other, Learne to Dye.
INV. M.A.H. 23, 1611. In the Hall. One iron chymney, one poor, one paire of tonges,
one paire of shorte rackes, one little reckoncrooke, two (blank] and a crosse barr, 30*.
One wayneskott table and one shorte forme, 30s. Foure buffett stooles, 4s. One long-
settell bedd, 10s. One wayneskott chaire, 6s. Two turned work chaires, 4s. One
long table, one old forme, and one longsettell forme, 33s. 4d. One cobbord, 30s.
One livery cubart, 16s Two little wroughte stooles, 2s. One paire of playing
tables, 2s. One knave for a basing, I2d. Sixe thrumed quishons, 12s., fyve litle
grecne quishons, 2s. 6d. One ould carpitt of tapstree worke, 10s. One OTild grcene
carpitt cloth, 3*. One ould dresser cloth, 12*?. Two hand skrenes & two brushes,
THE MANOR. 53
great curiosity. I have never seen it. He also wrote a short treatise on
Election, Predestination, and Eeprobation, which he sent to Archbishop
Whitgift. This was printed in octavo in 1613, and there is a copy of
3s. 4d. Two old painted quishons and a freing, 2*. viii glasses, two judgs, & a
wood frayme, 5s. A paire of garding sheares, I6d. One spicel, one spice box & a
standish, 10s. A French rapperstaff and a pattell staff, iij s. One hanging brasse
candlestick, xij d. One clock with furniture belonging unto it, liij s. iiij d., ix pounds
of harden yearne, iiij s. One two-handed sword and two halberts, viij s. One sute of
armor, two steale capes and a buckler, xxxiij s. iiij d. xi pictures and skutchons in \/
fraymes, xj s. A paire of virginalls, xxvj s. viij d In the buttery. Three pye plates . ' .
and a custard coffin, iiij s. Seaven old banckating dishes and two old sawsers,
iij s. iiij d. Sixe newe pottingers, ij s. vj d., xiiij newe banckating dishes, viij s ij d.
xij flower potts, iiij s. One possett cup & a cawdell cup, ij s. vj d. Three aquavita
botles, iij s. A perry pann, a graite, and a wood pye print, xx d. A dozen chese
trinchers, xij d. Two old cloth baskets, xij d. Three howse shelves, xij d. One gan-
tree, xvi d., &c. In the hitching. A tapp stone, v s. An appell iron, xij d. A paire
of snuffers, xij d. One water soa, xij d. A wodd bracke with a tong, ij s. &c. In the
west parlor. A litle chymney, iiij s. A paire of belles, x d. A still and a pann for it,
ij s, vi d. A hurle bedd, iij s. Sixe tapstree work quishons, xx s. Two mappes, iij s.
&c. In the east parlor. A caff bedd, ij s. vj d. Straking sheetes Two long stracking
table clothes, iiij s. Fyve streakin towells, Is. Qd. Two hatt casses, 1 2d, One old
sword, 2s. Gd. &c. In the chamber. A velvett quishon, 20s. Three mapps, 10s.
Fyve courtings, a paire of renalance & 3 courting rods, 20s. A locking glasse, 2s. Gd.
In the garrett. One stuphe gowne faced with velvett, 51. One old stuphe gowne &
one old carsey gowne, 40s. A corner cap and a hood, 20s. A litle hood, 6s. 8d. A
velvett capp & a carsenit tippitt, 10s. Two hatts with syp'. bands, 16s. A ryding
clock, 20s. A taffetie cott, 13s. 4d. A cearesay cott & britches, 33s. 4.d. A cearesey
cott and iij old cotes, 20s. Three paire of britches, 20s. Two stuphe dubletts,
13s. 4d. A read waystcoote, 3s. 4d. Two paire of Jarsey stokings, 10s. Two paire
of carsey stokings, vs. A leather girdell, Gd. A muf, ij paire of gloves, a paire of
mittons, 4s. Fyve rust bands, 16s. 8d. iiij lynn sheets, 26s. Sd. iiij paire of hand-
cuffes, 3s. 4d. Two wroughte nighte cappes, vj s. viij d. Two night kurtchers, 2s.
iiij hand kurtchers, 3s. Three paire lyne hose, 2s. Two ymbrodered quishons,
16s., xvij paire of lynn sheetes, SI. 2s. &c. In a litle chamber. A daugh sheete, I2d.
In the come lofte. A greate skreane, I2d. In a litle roome. Fyve litle drye tubbs,
15d. Fyve old mugs, lOd. A plat water pott for a gardin, 20d. A paire of litle
scales & .'weights, 5s. 8d. An iron hammer, lid. Two heckles, 4s. A taffetie
gowne, a kearesay gowne, two kirtells, two petticotes, a velvett hatt, a ryding sadle
with furniture belonging to a woman, 181. In the studdie. Inprimis, iij guilded
cupps & a cover weighing xxij ounces, duble guilt, att v s. viij d. per ounce, is Gl. 4s. 8d.
Item, a rumer cupp weighing 3 oz. and f, att 5s. per oz., is 18s. 9d. A salte
weying x oz., att vs. per oz., 50s. A dozen spounes of silver weying xvij oz. & a ^,
att 5s. per oz , 41. 6s. 3d. A beaker weying viij oz & a |, at v s. per oz., 42s. Gd.
Three white cupps weying xxiiij oz. & a f , att vs. per oz. is Gl 2s. Gd. A guilded
picture, 4d. A brushe & a rubber, 2s. A voyding baskett, 3s., two hand staves, 2s.,
two linkes, Qd. A paire of pincers & other iron implem ts , & two peeces of lead, 4s.
A pock mantua, 2s. A cap caise, 18^. A standish, 18^. A paire seasers & a hinging
lock, 4d. A bowe, vj arrowes, three shearing hookes, a pece of a bras candlestick, a
batle axe & a litle staf, 2s. A glase botle in the parlor, 4d. Goods oute of the house.
xxxvj firr sparrs & a horse heck, 13s. 4d. Fyve firr buntings, 8s. xij foother of
sclates, 30s. Two leaders, 2*. iij swin trowes, 2s. Gd. Bookes in the studie, 501.
Debtes, Wl. 7s. Wd. In money & gould, 301. In his purse, 16s.
The rector of Barningham near Richmond, must also be mentioned.
Dec. 17, 1639. Thomas Hutton, parson of Barningham. . . . For my dau.
Eliz., I did give her in marriage 400^., therefore he cannot require any more at my
handes, having delt so bountifullie with him. For my dau. Marie Slinger, I did paie
for her lease of Little Hutton, taken in the name of Francis Slingher her late husband
it in the York Library. 39 There are some of his letters among the
Lansdowne MSS. in the British Museum and others have been printed by
the ecclesiastical biographers and historians. There is still at Marske a
great portion of his correspondence, which has been given to the world
by the Surtees Society. The same volume which contains the letters
gives many notices of the archbishop and his family, and among them
is a short history of the Huttons drawn up by Dr. Ducarell, the chap-
lain and admirer of another Matthew Hutton, who, more exalted than
his ancestor, was raised from the chair of Paulinus to that of Augustine.
In the husbanding of his estate the archbishop was a careful and a
thrifty man. Two of his sons received the honour of knighthood. He
married his eldest son, Sir Timothy, to a daughter of Sir George Bowes,
and gave him, together with other property, the estates of Marske and
Marrick. Sir Thomas Hutton, his second son, became the owner of
Poppleton, near York, and married a daughter of Sir John Bennet, then
a distinguished advocate in the court at York, who afterwards rose into
painful notoriety. All his daughters were well allied and amply dowered.
And to several members of his family he granted leases of his episcopal
to Mr. Win. Pudsaie, together with arrerage unpaid in the tyme of Henry Slinger his
father. To my sonne in la we Edw. Harrison, I did promise to give him in marriage
with my dau. Beatrix, 300J. she to have 201. per ann. out of the land at Grinton ; &
whereas it was reported by his frendes that he did paie for his table, I protest to my
knowledg I never had anything ; I had of him one cow & a hogg swyne, for which he
had the tythe of Myllhill three yearcs at 30s. per ann. And this I have done to
stopp the mouthes of slanderous persons & to maike vertue & peace amongst my owne
children. To my dou. Elynyer the trunck y l was her brothers. lies, to Eliz.
Wood, Marie Slinger, & Beatrix Harrison, they ex r8 . Math. Hutton, Esq. & Mr. Fr.
In the parish register of Barningham are the following notices of his family. 1598.
July 25. Eliz. dau. Tho. Hutton, parson of Barningham, bp. 1599. Sep. 18. G-eo.
Alderson and Alice Hutton, mar. 1600. May 18. Timothie, the son of Thos. Hutton,
parson of Bamingham, bp. 1602. Aug. 3. Mary, dau. do., bp. 1604. Nov. 30.
Betteris, dau. do., bp. 1611. June 10. An, wife of do., bur. 1625. Nov. 29. Wm.
Woodd, parson of Great Ottrings, and Eliz. Hutton, dau. Thos. Hutton, parson, mar.
1628. May 25. Edwarde Harrison and Beatrix Hutton, mar.
Timothy Hutton, whose baptism has just been given, distinguished himself a little.
I found some extracts from his will among the Baker MSS. in the University Library
June 18, 1638. Timothy Hutton, S.T.B., Fellow of St. John's, Cambridge. To
the Mr. and Senior Fellows of St. John's for books for the library, the income of his
chamber being 20?. 16s. To the poore of Chelsworth in Suffolk, where he was parson,
40s. To the poore of the parish of Barningham, six miles from Richmond (where he
was bom), 50s. To Matthew Hutton, Esq. and Richard Hutton of Popleton, Esq.,
20s. each for a ring. Pr. 3 Oct. 1638.
39 Brevis et dilucida explicatio verse certaeet consolationis plena? doctrine de electione,
prsedestinatione, ac reprobatione, authore "Matthaeo Eboracensi Archiepiscopo, theologo
eximio : cui accesserunt et aliorum clariss. theologorum inclytae Cantabrigiensis
Academise D.D. Estei, Somi, Chatertoni et Willeti, ejusdem argument! scripta :
necnon Lambethani articuli, etc. Impensis Henrici Laurentii, Amsterodamensis
Librarii. An. MDCXIII. pp. 256, small 8vo.
THE MANOR. 55
and archiepiscopal estates. His widow, a third wife, survived him for
some years and ended her days in York. 40
There is little in the archbishop's will to attract our notice. The
original probate is still preserved at Marske. He desires Dr. Goodwin,
who had aided him in his attempts to convert the recusants, and whom
he just promoted to the chancellorship in the Minster, to preach his
funeral sermon, for which he is to have IQl. There are several charita-
ble bequests and many gifts of money to friends and kinsmen. He
mentions, also, a few of his books. To Philip Ford, rector of Sunburn-
holme and incumbent of the prebend of Stillington, which he lived long
enough to lose in the Great Rebellion, he leaves a number of the Fa-
thers, SS. Augustine, Jerome, Ambrose, Chrysostom, Gregory, Tertullian,
Basil, Gregory Nazianzen, Clement of Alexandria and Rome, Justin
Martyr, and Irenasus, together with such pieces as he has of other
40 She was the daughter and heiress of Richard Scrope, Esq., and the widow of
Martin son of Sir Martin Bowes. When she married the archbishop she had a goodly
estate of her own. He made her a jointure of lands in Darton, and the lease of the
tythes of Heaton, Storthwaite and Beilby. To this, in his last will, he made a farther
addition ; 50/- per ann. out of the manor of Hagthorpe and the tythes of Hagthorpe
and Brackenholme ; 5QL per ann. out of the manor of Wharram Percy, and 40?. pay-
able by Sir Philip Constable ; all the property that she brought with her and whatso-
ever rents are due to him at his decease, together with " the best new yeare gyf in
plate that I have, which she wyll chuse and take."
Mrs. Hutton lived and died in York, leaving all her estate to her children by her
first husband, into the history of whom is is unnecessary now to enter. Her will runs
Jan. 1, 1615-16. Francis Hutton of Yorke, widdowe, laite wife of the most reverend
father in God, Matthew late archbishopp of Yorke, whole of bodye to be buryed in
the cathedrall church called Yorke Minster, in the quere there, so nere unto my said
late husband, the said late archbishop, as conveniently may bee, and for the charges
therof I allow 100/. To Matthew Bowes, my grandchild, sonne of Thos. Bowes, my
laite deceased sonne, my dwelling house in Coppergaite, etc., as they were confirmed
to mee and Richard Bowes my sonne by Parcivall Levett of Yorke, merchant, and
Eliz. his wife. "Whereas I am enformed that the estate of the said house is in my
said sonne Richard, for terme of his life, as my motherly care towards him hath beene
very greate in many wayes, soe as I hold him sufficiently provided for, and whereas I
have lent him 800?., he to suffer Mat. Bowes to have the said house. I give to the
said Mat. my dovecoate, garden and orchard neare the church yard of St. Maries in
Castlegaite which I purchased of John Brooke, merch*, deceased. To my welbeloved
brother Wm. Clopton, gent., one of my guilt boules. To my daurs. Francis Parmeter
and Jayne Burton, either of them, one whyte silver boule of the bigger sorte. To
my dau. Cordell May, one silver salt with a cover of silver. To the said Mat. Bowes,
which Thos. Bowes his laite father committed to my keeping for him, a longe quish-
ing of crimson velvett with the Bowes their armes on it, one silver boule of the value
of twentie nobles whereon the name of the saide Matthewe is graven, two gould rings,
one worth 80s. & the other with the sparke of a dyaraond. To the poore of Yorke
101. To a godly preacher for one sermon to be preached at my funerall, 40*. The
rest to my sonne Richard Bowes he ex r . I intreate Roger Bellwood of Yorke,
preacher of God's word, whoe is schoolmaster to the said Matthew to take the govern-
ment of him during his minority. Roger Bellwood, Henry Rogers of Yorke, clerk, &
Thos. Whitney of the same, gent., supervisors. To the ladie Reade, wyddowe, my
playne black velvet cloake & one of my silver bowles. (Pr. 3 Nov. 1619. Adm. to
writers of a more questionable authority, Bucer, Calvin, Marlorat, and
Musculus, with two Greek Lexicons to assist him in his studies. His
chaplain, John Woodwaun, whom he had educated and provided for, is
to chose out of the rest of his books as many as are worth 6?. 13s. 4d.
Sir Wm. Gee, his son-in-law, who had some taste for divinity, is to
have Sebastian Munster's edition of the Bible in Hebrew, and to
another son-in-law, Sir John Calverley, is given another work by the
same learned author, the Cosmographia of the geographer Claudius
Ptolemy. His " ancient good friend, Mr. Chr. Myller, physician," re-
ceives as a gift the Paradox Medicorum of Leonard Fuchius, the great
German doctor, which the said " ancient good Mend" had looked at,
in all probability, full often, with admiring eyes. There is at the pre-
sent time hardly any book at Marske which may be said to have be-
longed to the archbishop except, perhaps, a very fine copy of one of the
"We now come to Sir Timothy Hutton, the archbishop's eldest son,
who took up his abode at Marske and occupied a high position among
the Yorkshire gentry. Many pleasing memorials of his piety and judg-
ment are still in existence, and they give us a very favourable impres-
sion of his character. He was born in 1569, and was educated, in all
probability, at Cambridge, where he laid in a considerable store of
learning, which was fostered and encouraged by his sire and the many
able men with whom he was necessarily brought in contact. He had
correspondents who addressed him in Latin and Italian, and, doubtless,
he and the pedantic rector of Marske, John Jackson, measured their wits
together full often in knotty points ^of divinity and philosophy. Sir
Timothy could make, too, a very fair speech, although he could not ex-
tricate himself altogether from the stiff rules of rhetoric which were at
that time so strictly adhered to. He was also, more than once, the
patron of literary men. Henry Hutton, of Mainsforth, wrote two very
curious, and now scarce, volumes of poems called " A compendious
History of Ixion's "Wheel," and " Polly's Anatomy, or Satyrs and Sa-
tyrical Epigrams." 41 Both are dedicated to Sir Timothy Hutton, whom
the author styles his friend " nomine et re."
41 Follie's Anatomie, or Satyres and Satyrioall Epigrams, With a compendious
History of Ixion's Wheele ; compiled by Henry Hutton, Dunelmensis. London :
Printed for Matthew "Walbanke, and are to be sold at his Shop at Graies Inne Gate.
It is dedicated "to the worthily Honor'd Knight, Sir Timothy Hutton," as
Noblest of mindes, unknowne, I would invite,
Rich Pyrrhus to accept a Codrus mite.
THE MANOR. 57
Sir Timothy's advance in life was due, of course, to his father. In
1592 he became the owner of Marrick, and in the same year he took to
himself a wife, on which occasion the archbishop made him a present
of 1,900/. The lady was a daughter of the celebrated Sir George
Bowes, and her mother was a Talbot. Queen Elizabeth stood for her
at the font and gave her her own name and a cup of gold which is still
in the possession of her descendants. With this lady, who brought the
estate of Stainton near Barnardcastle with her, Sir Timothy enjoyed
many years of happiness. In 1598 he became the purchaser of Marske,
which was henceforward his chief residence. It 1605 he was high sheriff
of Yorkshire and, as such, on the 16th of Feb. he was knighted at
Whitehall. In 1602 and 1629 he was Alderman or chief magistrate of
Richmond, and he was also Bowbearer to King James.
Sir Timothy inherited a good estate, and left it larger than he re-
ceived it. He succeeded in buying back a portion of Glints, which had
been sold away by Arthur Philip, and in 1605 he purchased the Church
and Castle Mills at Richmond and bought a lease of the Friarage of
Sir Wm. Wray for 300/. In the Priarage he frequently resided and in
it he died. In 1625 he had a rent-roll of above a thousand pounds
a year, which was thus made up: " Marske demesne, 180Z. The
tenement with Orgate, 501. Marrick Abbey and tithes, 250/. Rich-
My lame-legd Muse nere dome Perrassus Mount
Nor drunk the iuice of Aganippe's Fount :
Yet doth aspire with Dedall's wings, appeale
To you, sole Patron of our common weale.
The foule maskt Lady, Night, which blots the skic,
Hath but one Phoebe, fever-shaking eye.
Olympus azure clime, one golden light,
"Which drownes the starry curtaine of the night :
And my rude muse (which Satyrists would rend)
Our generous, grave Patronizing friend.
You this Maecenas are, peruse my writ,
And use these Metroes of true meaning wit :
Command ; commend them not : such humile Art
Disclaims applause, demerits no desert.
Value my verse according to her worth :
No mercenary hope hath brought her forth.
Times puny, Penny wits, I loathing hate.
Though poor, I'm pure, from such a servile state.
These workes (fram'd on the Anvile of my braine)
My free borne Muse, enfranchise from such shame :
In which large calendar, Timists may view,
I onely writ to please the world and you.
Your worship's friend,
Nomine & Re,
Bound up with it, Satyricall Epigrams; compiled by Henry Hutton, Duneltnensis.
Lon : Printed for Matthew Walbanke, and are to be sold at his Shop at Graies lime
mond lands and mills, 160?. Fremington, 10?. 12*. 6d. ITlnaby, 24?.
Aldbro', Dunsforth, and Ellinthorp, 1207. Kylham tyth, 130?. "Whar-
ram Peirsey, 180?. Ray strop, 26?. Bp. Meadowes, 16?. Sum., 1,096?.
12s. 6^." A good deal of this, it will be observed, was leasehold pro-
perty under the see of York.
In his domestic relations Sir Timothy was a kind friend and an affec-
tionate father. His sons received the benefit of a college education and
were well preferred : his daughters made honourable alliances. To
those of his kindred who stood in need of his help he was a generous
benefactor. 42 His last will and testament overflows with love and kind-
ness. ~No kinsman, no old friend or servant, is forgotten in it, and it is
fragrant with the breath of true piety and devotion. The preamble and
the conclusion, I believe of his own writing, are extremely striking,
and may be read with interest and advantage. The whole of the docu-
ment is printed in the Hutton Correspondence, and a few extracts from
it will now suffice.
Feb. 17, 1628. In the name of God the Father, of God the Son, and of God the
Holy Ghoste. Amen, Amen, Amen.
Blessed be Thy glorious name, God, for these temporall blessings which Thou
hast bestowed on me, Thyne unworthy servante; humbly beseechinge The, Lord,
to blesse this my disposeinge thereof unto my poore posterity, even to Thy good will
& pleasure. Butt, espeatially, gracious God, I doe give The most humble and
harty thankes for Thy spirituall favours, which Thou hast frely bestowed on me by
the testimony of Thy most holy, sacred, and assisteinge Spiritt, the assurance of con-
solation in Thy salvation ; unto Whom, therefore, & in Whose name, I doe most
humbly recommend my sinfull soule. And as for my miserable and wretched body,
the onely enemy to my soule, I hold it not worthy of any disposeinge, but doe leave
it unto the disposeinge of my freinds, as they in there foolish affeccion shall give order
for the same ; though I knowe that with these eyes, and none other, I shall comfort-
ably see my Saviour in that greate & joy full day, untill when, good Lord, heare
me and myne when we doe call upon The : yea, my God, I doe knowe that Thou
hearest, but, Lord, heare and have mercy, and blesse us with Thy most sacred and
comfortable Spiritt ; and safe- vouch that never departe from us, but that it may be
our assured comfort and consolation to the end and in the end. Amen, Amen.
To my deare & ever-loving sister, the Lady Ann Ilutton, of Neither Popleton,
wyddowe, 201. in gold to buy her a gowne, & my thre coach horses ; and 1 pray God
reward her into her bosome for her loveinge kindnesses which she hath ever afforded
to me and myne. To my nephew and neece, Richard and Elizabeth Hutton, each a
20s. peece of gould to make them rings, & I pray God blesse them. To myne adopted
wife, Mrs. Margaret Benett, a 20s. peece of gould to make her a ringe, & I pray God
42 The parish register of Richmond records one of his kind deeds. " Isabell Steven-
son borne in the Earle Orchard, the 1 8th of Maie, beinge Whytson even, baptized at
the instance of Sir Timothy Ilutton, 21 July, 1616.
THE MANOR. 59
to send her a good husband. To my very kynde freind, Mr. John "Weeks, her unkle,
my bay saddle nagge, & I pray God to send him a good wife. To little Nanne
Cleburne, 100?., and I pray God to blesse her. To Tim. Hutton, my godson, 14?.
per ann. for 7 yeares, if he doe behave himselfe well & continue soe longe at Cam-
bridge. To that sanctifyed man, Mr. Danyell Sherrard, the now preacher at Pople-
ton, 10?. per ann. untill he gett a liveinge worth 40?. per ann., & to his three sons,
Timothy, Bichard, & John, 51. a peece towards the byndeinge of them apprentices.
To my worthy friend, Mr. Justice Hutton, a 20s. peece of gould to make him a ringe,
desireing the continuance of his countenance and advise unto me and myne. To a
preacheinge minister att Marwicke, soe longe as it shall continue in my poore pos-
terity, 20?. per ann., soe he doe continue and lie there, & that he be of honest con-
versacion. I doe give out of my lands att Marske unto the schoole and hospitall att
Warton, in Lancashire, which was erected by my late deare and reverend father.
22?. 13i-. 4rf. per ann. untill my sonn Mathewe can buy a rente charge in Lancashire
or elsewhere, which beinge added unto the 24?. which Mr. Tocketts payeth, maketh
upp the just some of 46?. 13s. 4.d. : and I doe wish my sonn Matthewe to be carefull
that the poore mens place be bestowed on none but such as are the most impotente
and poorest. The rest to my eldest son Matthewe Hutton : & I doe humbly besech
God that what I have here given that He will be plessed to give a blessinge there-
unto. I doe require and charge my sonne Matthew, in that duty which a sonne oweth
unto the remembrance of a father, that he will alwaies keepe a Levite in his house,
and to leave a charge behind him to those who shall by God's grace succeed him to
doe the like, and to give a competente and sufficiente allowance unto him : and I doe
hartily wish that it might be soe continued soe longe as it should please God to con-
tinue the poore posterity of this poore house, which it hath pleased God soe lately to
rayse out of the duste. Domine Jesu, veni cito. Amen. Lorde, make noe longe
tarryinge. Amen. Lord, I have wayted for Thy salvation. Amen.' 13
Shortly after this the testator died full of honours, although he had
not reached the appointed limit of man's life. He was interred at
Richmond, and his friend the rector thus records his burial " Dominus
Timotheus Hutton, miles, cuj usque boni amicus, et patronus fidelium
43 The Inventory of Sir Timothy's effects has been partly printed already. I give
that portion of it which relates to Marske. It shews us the furniture of the hall and
the number of the rooms that the house contained.
IN MARSKE HOUSE. In the upper little chamber, one standing bedstead, a trundle
bedstead, a great chest & a little table, 2?. 10s. One vallance and curtaines, 1?. 6s. Sd.
In the upper great chamber, one standing bedstead, one liverie cubbert, one chaiixj
and one stoole, 1?. Three suits of hangings and one long carpett, 20?. In Mr. Jack-
son's chamber, two bedsteads, two chests bound with iron, one wainscott chaire, one
iron locke, one vallance and curtens of green sey, 2?. In the lower inner chamber,
one feild bedstead, one chest bound with iron, one great wainscott chest, one trunck,
one table and one chaire, 4?. In the lower out chamber, one feild bedstead, one
trundle bedstead, one liverey cubbert, one little table, two chaires, two little stooles,
vallance and curtaines, 1?, 13s. 4d. In the chamber next the storehouse, one stand-
inge bedstead, one trundle bedstead, one presse and one chest, 13s. id. In the store-
house, 33 dishes of pewther, 5 pannes, on iron pott, 4 pewther candlesticks, 2 buffet
stooles, one little truncke, one frying panne, one iron teame, one iron skellett, 3 close-
stoole pannes, one raper & dagger, 3?. 13s. 4< In the greate chamber, 4 bedsteads,
Domini Jesu Christi ministrorum candiclissimus et benignissimus, quoad
corpus, humatus fuit sexto die Aprilis, 1629." "We can well imagine
what a day that would be in Richmond, and what a gorgeous funeral
there would be, for he died whilst he was Alderman. A stately monu-
ment, towards which the purse of his son and the pen of Jackson, the
rector of Marske, contributed, commemorates him in Richmond church.
Clarkson gives an engraving of it, and the inscriptions that it bears are
Of Matthew Hutton, Esq., Sir Timothy's son, there is somewhat to
be said. He played great havock with the estate which his father left
him. Between 1614 and 1616 he was studying at Cambridge, and it
appears that he left the university considerably in debt. (Hutton Corr.
216.) In 1617 he was married to Barbara dau. of Sir Conyers Darcy,
with whom he received a considerable portion, but in 1626 he found it
necessary to join with his father in obtaining a private act of parliament
to enable them to sell his wife's jointure lands, the demesne of Wharram
Percy, for the payment of his debts. He had, I believe, a seat in
parliament, but what town he represented I cannot discover.
In 1629 his father died, and he now missed his counsel and found the
estate encumbered with a great number of charges under Sir Timothy's
will. He had recourse to the unwelcome expedient of selling his lands.
On the 6th of December, 1630, he actually sold Marske to his father-
in-law, Sir Conyers Darcy, and his son, Conyers Darcy, Esq., of Ayn-
derby-le-Myres. The estate, however, thanks to the kindness of his
relations, was not sacrificed, but other lands and leases took its place.
In December, 1630, he sold the manor of Marrick to the Blackburnes
for 3,800?., and Barforth soon followed.
In 1634 he sold the Mills at Richmond to the Danbies, and disposed
of his lease, of the Priarage for 600/. All these were heavy sacrifices.
two cubberts, one covered chaire, five little covered stuoles, 31. 6s. 3d. Item, 9
feather bedds, two mattresses, 4 pillows, ten boulsters, ten coverletts, seaven blanketts,
xv 1. In Jarvases chamber, five bedsteads, 11. 6s. Sd. In the studie, one table and
cloth, one chaire, one little trunck, one deske, one viall, one orpharyon (?), 11. 10s.
In bookes, 13/. 13s. id. In the parlor, one drawing table, one square table, one
liverey ctibbert, one carpett, 12 stooles, one chaire, two quishons, 12 mappes and 2
pictures, 21. 10s. In the hall, three tables with formes, 11. 10s. Seven corsletts and
fower pikes, 4/. 13s. 4d. Five musketts, 3 callevers with powder flaskets & head-
peices, 51. Three halbertts and eight bills, 11. In the kitchin, 3 spitts and a gallow
balke, 6s. 8d. In the brewhouse, one lead, one cooler, one gile fatt, and one mash
fatt with th' appurtenances, 101. Timber wood in the stable and yard, 111. One salt
clock and one little watch, 101. Quicke goods, viz 1 ., 7 horses, 29.
A lease of the Fryery neare Richmond for 2000 yeares bought of Sir William
Summa totalis, 679J. 15*. Qd.
THE MANOR. 61
An estate is more easily dismembered than built up. And what family
is there that is unacquainted with these earthquakes which shake, now
and then, an ancient house to its very foundations, spreading ruin and
"When the Great Rebellion broke out Matthew Hutton took, with his
kinsmen the Darcies, the king's part, and, with them, he suffered for
his loyalty. Mr. Fryer says that he was fined 1,000?., but in the books
of the commissioners the sum which stands against his name is only
132/. 12s. Wd., and he was freed altogether from their claims on the
25th of July, 1651. There is little known of the progress of the Re-
bellion in Swaledale, but there is a protection granted to Hutton by
Ferdinand Lord Fairfax, on the 5th of August, 1644, which shews that
Marske, at least, was saved from one of the greatest horrors with which
war is accompanied. 44
After this Hutton became even more deeply involved, partly through
his own carelessness, partly through the necessities of the times. The
following extracts from the schedule of his debts will give us some no-
tion of his encumbrances and of the way in which they were incurred :
To Nat. Phillips of London, 10/. To Mr. Mauleverer of Marsk, 51. To Mr.
Timothy Dodsworth of Massam, 551. To Mr. Norton of Ellerton Abbey, 8?. To
Mr. Shcrard's sons, of Popleton, 30?. To Dr. Bathurst of London, 851. To my said
nephew, Timothy Dodsworth, 50?. To my cos. Win. Eure, 500?. For Warton,
221. 13s. d. per ann. To poor of Winston so long as I keep Barfoot, 21. To my
nephew, Thos. Hutton, till he be fellow of a Coll. or commence M r of Arts, 51 To
poore of Stanton, 21. To poore of Marske, 21. 10s. To my brother John Hutton, to
pay his cred rs , provided it be for his release from prison, 101.
In 1653 he makes out another list of monies due to him, from which
I take the following extracts. He was at that time greatly troubled by
several members of the family of Eowes :
From Mr. Scroope of Bolton Castle, for a horse, 100 marks. My cozen, Talbot
Bowes, owes me for 3 mares, 40?., at the day of his marriage or the houre of his
death. Mr. Thos. Bankes owes me 20?. at the day of his wedding for a cloak.
Sir Wm. Fairfax of Steton owes me for a watch 51. : I sold it for 8?. and he
paid me 3?. of it. Mr. John Wykliffe of Gales owes mee for a watch 10?. at the
birth of Mr. Pudsay's first child. My coz. John Jackson owes me 51. for a watch at
the day of my bro r Tim's wedding : the watch he sold presently for 6?. to my bro r
Phillip Hutton. In the beginning of these troublesome times he being of a contrary
opinion unto myselfe would not contrilnite anything to the king's service, neither for
his lettre money nor for his armes, whereupon he was taken notice of for a delinquent
& was by Captain Matthew Gale & another Captaine, Messenger [sic] : my brother
44 Sir Henry Slingsby states, in his Memoirs, that in August, 1641, the Earl of
Cumberland gave to Mr. Matthew Hutton the under-stewardship at Richmond.
Tymothy hearing of it writt to mee notice of it ; I sent for him & shewed him a let-
tre ; thereupon he told me he w d secure his person & fly into Lancashire : I diswaded
him from it, & told him it w d make him more obnoxious. Sir Thos. Danby owes mee
20^. payd for him to widow Langley of Skely. My coz. John Wansforth owes mee
1501. w ch I won of him at play. Mr. Wm. Wainsforth owes me 14. My coz.
Major Norton owes mee in exchange betwixt a geldeinge of his and some cattle of
mine. Sir Robert Strickland owes me Wl. won at play at Newbrough.
Before Matthew Hutton died he lost his eldest son, 45 a serious misfor-
tune to an afflicted family. Where and when he himself died we do not
exactly know. There is no record of his burial in the parish register
45 He died in the house of his sister Lister at Bawtry in 1664, and was buried in the
church there. At the time of his decease he was greatly in debt, a Richmond trades-
man, George Sco t, being a very troublesome and exacting creditor. The following
account of his administrator is taken from the registry at Richmond.
A declaration of the accompt. of Bryan Aiskew, the administrator of the goods
cattells and chattells of John Hutton, gen , late of Marske, within the Archdeaconry
of Richmond and diocesse of Chester, deceased, as folio weth :
This accomptant chargeth himself with all the severall goods and cattells of the said
deceased which came to this accomptants hands and were by him sold, as followeth,
viz 1 . : Imprimis, his the said deceaseds purse & apparrell, 101, One browne mare,
one fillie stagg, one roand gelding, one white mare, one blacke mare, one bad foale,
two old mares and one colt, all sold for 251. 12s. All the sheep, 501, Item, 7 oxen
and their furniture, 301. Item, 6 kine, 3 calves, and a buU, 281. 14*. Item, 2 heiffers
and two oxe stirks, 71. 15s. One paire of cart wheeles and all the boards named in
the Inventorie, 21. 19s. Come in the garner and in the barne, 51. 10s. Item, 6 hogs-
heads full of beare, 61. Item, 5 pans, one frying pan, one pot, one dripping pan, one
spitt, the table clothes and napkins of the deceased, 5 puther dishes and two sawcers,
II. 18s. 4d. Hay sold for II. 10s. Corne on the ground sold for 13/. Item, 4
peices of plate, 3. One paire of cart wheeles, I/. Item for 7H., a debt owing to the
deceased by Thomas Swinburne, Esqr., assigned to Mr. Heardson for his owne debt,
and Mr. Leo : Robinson for the use of Mr. Leo ; Wilkinson, who did accept thereof
in part of a debt oweing by the said deceased, 1\l. One filly and a colt sold for
51. 8s. Qd. Two glasses, 18 paire of lin and harden sheets, 1 feather bed, 3 paire of
blanketts, three happins, one still, 2 pewther chamber poots, fower earthen basins, 2
pottingers, 2 cradles, on cubbord, one little box, 1 dough trough, 2 saddles, 1 maile,
1 pitchforke, 2 raikes, 2 mold raikes, 1 leap, 1 hopper, 2 riddles, on winnowing cloth,
1 shovle, 1 little forke, 1 curry comb, 2 waine ropes, 2 hatchets, 2 hayspades, 3 old
soes, 3 old troughes, coales and turfes, all sold for SI. 1 Os. Received of Mr. Conyers
and ye baliffes, 61. 10s. Two swine hoggs, sold for 11. Os. 6d. One colt and a fillie
sold for 21. 6s. 4d. Summe totall received is, 280J. 14s. 8d.
Out of which this accomptant craveth allowance for the funerall expences of the
said deceased and for severall debts owing by the said deceased at the time of his
death, and since payd by this accomptant as followeths : The deceaseds funerall ex-
pences, 19/. 13s. A debt oweing to this accomptant, II. Os. 6d. To Mr. Wilkinson
upon two bonds, 801. To Dr. Nay lor, 20/. To Mr. Purchase for Mr. Addisons use,
40/. To Mr. Sudell for Mr. Shuttleworth, 201. To Mr. Thomas Etherington, 4J.
To Thomas Miller for Mr Bowers use, 101. To Symon Hutchinson, 4J. To Anthony
Naylor, 21. To Anthony Hawmond, Wl. To Mr. Herdson, 601. To Sir William
Dalton, 61. To Mr. Lockwood, 61. Summe totall disbursed is 2821. 13s 6d.
Wherefore hee this accomptant havinge by this present accompt maide it appeare
that hee hath disbursed and payd more then hee hath received humbly prayeth that
hee may be acquitted.
Out of his effects his widow purchased goods to the value of 871. 14s. 4<, including
"6 rings, a watch, 2 scales, a bodkin, a little plate box, 3 mantles, a cradle cloth, a
cabenit, two pictures, one quishinit, etc."
THE MANOK. 63
at Marske. He probably ended his days in retirement far from the
scenes of his youth and his father's home. 46 The careful hand of his
daughter-in-law healed the breaches which he had made in his estate
by her industry and loving care. Subsequent alliances made the family
of Hutton richer and more prosperous than ever.
Two of the great-grandchildren of Matthew Hutton, the Eoyalist,
must not be passed over in silence. The elder brother, the Squire of
Marske, occupied a distinguished position among the gentlemen of
Yorkshire ; the younger was, in turn, Archbishop of Canterbury and
York. I will say somewhat of both, and, as to precedence, detur dig-
Matthew Hutton, the namesake and lineal descendendant of another
archbishop, was born at Marske on the 3rd of January, 1692-3. In
1701 he was sent to the neighbouring grammar school of Kirkby Hill,
of which a Mr. Lloyd was then master. In 1 704 Mr. Lloyd was ap-
pointed to the free school at Eipon, and young Hutton went with him
and continued under his care for six years. In 1710 he entered at Jesus
College, Cambridge, where he graduated B.A. in 1713 and M.A. in
1717 In the latter year he became Fellow of Christ's.
Mr. Hutton was indebted for his advancement in life to the proud
Duke of Somerset. He made him his domestic chaplain, and gave him
in 1726 the rectory of Trowbridge and in 1728 the wealthy living of
46 Some of his letters are printed in the Hutton Correspondence. I give two others
addressed to him which are new.
" Honest Matt.
' I thanke you for your two letters. I blesse the Lord y* you all indure your
jorney so well : your prety habes heare craves your blessinges, and thanks to God for
ther healths, for they ai-e very merie and likes exceedinge well. I am perswaded you
could not have left them in a better place. Now for news : Your barne at Bilton*, y e
side is fallen. Remember Mr. More and me to your brother : She is well, but y e
ould man continews still obstinate. We both present our loves & respect to our
unckell, Sir Wm. Shefeld, dayly prayinge for a blessinge upon your jorney & a joy-
full returne : ever remaining your true lovinge aunt,
"York, 12of4prill, (1635)."
The next relates to some genealogical enquiries respecting the family of Bowes of
Ellerbeck. It is written in pencil.
" I read as much of Osmotherley register as was legible for 100 years, but I
find noe mention made of William Bowes alias Bellwood, or of Ralph Bowes, or any
of his children, or any of the family of Bowes of Barnes : but of other Bowes' there
are several, seven as there specifyed ; nor can I heare of any William Bowes, other-
wise Bellwood, that is come to Ellerbeck, or any of these
"Your lo. nephew,
" Ty. MATJLEVERER.
"22 Mart. 1662. I was on horsback whsn I writt this."
Spofforth in Yorkshire. In 1734 he was made prebendary of Langtofb
at York, a stall which he held for thirteen years. He was also a canon
of "Windsor and Westminster and a chaplain in ordinary to the king.
But higher honours still were awaiting him. In 1743 he was raised
to the see of Bangor, from which he was advanced to York in 1747.
Ten years afterwards he became Primate of all England, but before a
year expired he was summoned to his account. He was carried off
suddenly by an inflammatory attack on the 19th of March, 1751, and
was interred in the chancel of the parish church of Lambeth on the 27th.
The archbishop has found a biographer in Dr. Ducarell, who is not
altogether unknown to fame. His account of his patron has been
printed in the Hutton Correspondence, and there is more about the
archbishop in Nichol's Literary Anecdotes. Out of these materials and
other sources a longer notice of the good prelate will be prepared for the
Fasti Eboracenses. The archbishop is spoken of with esteem and respect
in the public prints of the day and by his private friends with affection-
ate regard. His printed works are a few sermons. There is a portrait
of the archbishop at Marske. There is another, I believe by Hudson,
at Bishopthorpe. This was engraved in mezzotint in 1748.
Archbishop Hutton was married in March, 1731-2, to Mary daughter
of Mr. John Lutman of Petworth, one of the ladies in the suite of
the Duchess of Somerset. By her he had two daughters. Dorothy,
the eldest, married on the llth of May, 1760, Thos. Wallis, Esq.,
barrister-at law, and, on his death, she became the wife of Francis Pop-
ham, Esq., of Littlecote Hall, Wilts. Mary Hutton, the younger
daughter, died unmarried in August, 1820, at the advanced age of 80.
The archbishop's elder brother, the Squire of Marske, must now be
mentioned. He did a great deal for Marske, building the stables and
outhouses and making, or at all events renewing, the deer park. He
bought the neighbouring estate of "Walburn of Sir Roger Beckwith.
In 1 760 he was nominated High Sheriff of Yorkshire, but through
the intercession of the Earl of Holdemesse he was excused from serv-
In 1 745, when the Rebellion broke out, he raised at his own expense
a company of foot, over which he was appointed captain, and it was in
consequence of his vigilance and care, to a great degree, that the Rebel-
lion made so little progress in Yorkshire. Had Yorkshire given way
England might have been lost. I have selected from the papers at
Marske a few of his letters, with which my readers will be greatly in-
terested. Most of them relate to the Rebellion, and several of them are
THE MANOR. 65
from Archbishop Herring, who kept the North of England true to the
House of Hanover. They have not been printed before.
BP. TP. Nov. 18, 1745.
Please to accept my best thanks for the favour of your intelligence, which
you will please to continue, tho' I hope not long if it please God. Marshall Wade
movd ony e 16th towards Carlisle, and whether y e rebels will choose to stay where
they are, or go northwards, or southward, or meet y e Marshall, we long to know, for
there seems no other way left for them unless it be to surrender. Major Brown calls
it an impossibility for them to escape the two armies.
I have not once thought of a southern journey yet, & it is improbable I may now
stay, if these villains dont force me to run, till Xmas. If they do, I wont run
towards London, for if the Chevalier was at York there would be small comfort at
London. I enclose Fred's letter to you. You will easily guess at the wise Lord. I
send you another specimen of y e London way of talking. My humble service to y r
ladye & to Sir Conyers D'Arcy. All here are very much yours, dear Sir,
Your very oblig d & affectionate friend,
Dec. 8, 1745.
I thank you for your kind enquiry. My indisposition was a very slight one,
& went off in an hour or two.
Mr. Henry Ibbotson of Leeds has been searching y e Papists in York for arms, &
seizing horses. Of the latter they have got some good ones : of the former they
have found few or none. The measure at this crisis was a right one ; but they shut
y e City gates & put the warrant in execution without acquainting a single soul of the
Corporation. I doubt this will prove a disagreeable business : it has put y e Corpora-
tion into an huge ferment. I send you Mr. Yorke's letter to me to day, as it may
afford you some entertainment. To be sure you have heard of the counter-march of
the rebels to Ashborne.
I am, dear Sir,
Y r obliged & faithfull friend,
THO : EBOR.
Please to return me y e list of London forces.
BP. TP. Dec. 26, 1745.
I thank you for your letter & kind present. I am very sorry this Pomfret
meeting interfered with your scheme of favouring me with a visit, but, as I have no
thoughts of London suddenly, I will still hope to see you. To say the truth, while
this ugly apprehension of an invasion hangs over the City, & people's minds are per-
petually harrassed with real or false fears of publick mischief, y e country is by far y e
most eligible place, &, as our danger is at a distance for the present, it is best to
make what use we can of a comfortable interval of some tranquillity. Besides, for
me, who have such a family about me, that place is undoubtedly best to live in where
47 A volume of the letters of Archbishop Herring to William Duncomb, Esq., has
been printed. He was an excellent letter writer.
beef & veal & butter lye under no suspicion, & mutton (now 1*. a pound in London)
bears a moderate price. On these considerations, and others, I have recall' d y e part
of my family w ch is in London from thence, &, if I go up at Candlemas, will go for a
short time & few attendants. I am glad S r Conyers approves of the Pomfret meeting
& was concern' d to hear you say nothing of being there yourself. I would not force
you from your family upon a disagreable expedition, but, as the matter like to be in
debate there is of great importance, & is a business w ch you understand so well, I
own it would be a satisfaction to me to have you there, I have sent Sir Rowland
word that I will, God willing, be at Pomfret on Saturday even, purposing to call at
Birom in my way thither. The little Earl, I think by his letter, was peevish, & S r
Rowland's shews the debates in y e West-Riding have been warm; the point must be
to bring things, if possible, to one measure in union & good temper, that may be for
y e credit of our county & for the good of the Nation, of w ch we are no small part.
Lord Malton tells me his son is gone to the D. of Cumberland's army without his
leave. I will hope & pray, &, in my capacity, endeavour a return of peace to our
distracted country, but I doubt y e danger is not over. I fear these villains will join
y e Angus men & carry home with them y e credit of having made a fine retreat, for I
hear they have not suffer' d much. The Duke has certainly done his duty, and be-
hav'd in all points as became him, & beyond his years. I hear he has express' d
strong indignation at y e Carlisle people. Their shew of defence, without any real
exertion, has been very unfortunate. It hurt & wasted & retarded y e Marshall, & now
has stopt y e Duke at a very critical time. Can one account for their tame submission
to y e garrison w ch the rebels left over them, so as to save their honour ? but the
thing is over. I beg my humble service to S r Conyers & y e Ladies.
I am, dear Sir,
Y r oblig'd & affectionate friend & Serv 1 .,
To John Button, Esqre., THO : EBOR.
at Marske, near Richmond, Yorkshire.
Tho : free. Ebor.
June 14. 1746. Comm. to John Hutton, Win. Wharton, & Thos. Metcalf, Esq rs ., t.
examine Roger Strickland.* 8
23 June, 1746. This examinant saith that he was born in the City of Londo:i &
about y e age seven years was carried over into France by his father and mother, and
48 This examination was deemed necessary in consequence of the following papers.
The result of the investigation was unsatisfactory, and Mr. Strickland was suffered to
live and die at Richmond in peace.
Extract from the examination of John Hickson, vintner, at Perth, Nov. 7, 1745.
This examiuant saith that he came from his house at Perth to Edenburgh, at the
request of Lady Murray, wife to Sir Patrick Murray, and also at the request of Mr.
Dcuglas, servant to Lord John Murray, in order to procure a pass for him by means
of L d Perth and L d Nairn. That Mr. Strickland proposed to him at Edenburgh to
send for his wife to come from Perth to Edenburgh, to be a servant to the Pretender's
son. That upon this proposal, this examinant was determined to come immediately
for England : that he then procured a pass for Mr. Douglas, from Mr Murray, the
Pretender's secretary : that he then told Mr. Strickland that he could not consent to
his wife's accepting the proposal made by him : and that he was going for England
& should go to Richmond in Yorkshire. Upon which Mr. Strickland desired him to
tell his brother, living there, to get two good horses in readiness. That Sir Thomas
Sheridan and Mr. Charles Stiiart delivered to this examinant a paper which was
THE MANOR. 67
resided about seven years at Douay when lie first went into that kingdom. From
Douay this examinant went to Versailles, where he resided about five years in
quality of page to Lewis y e 14th, then had a command given him of Capt. of Horse
in y e French service : that about y e year 1718 this examinant left France & returned
into England ; that after his return he kept a correspondence with no person whatso-
ever in France (to the best of his remembrance) but his brother about family affaires,
and also with Mr. Holden on the same account. And this examinant further saith
that he had no letter or letters from France about two years and halfe since, nor
received any hint or information of an invasion then intended from France, or after
his landing in Scotland with the Pretender's son, or had any concert or communica-
tion with him whatsoever or with any other person of y e Pretender's party in Scot-
land or elsewhere relating to the Pretender's son coming to Scotland or with regard to
what has passed since his arrival there. This examinant further saith that he has no
acquaintance with John Hickson, and only a superficial one with his wife when she
came from Perth, to visit her mother at Richmond, and further saith that he had no
knowledge of any design of an insurrection in any part of Great Brittain in favour of
the rebells or of any person or persons to joyne them. And this examinant further
saith that he had no intimation from his brother to get ready any horse or horses
against the time of the rebels marching into England nor ever had any knowledge of
or correspondence with, Sir Thos. Sheridan or Mr. Charles Steward, nor ever had
received any intimation of Hickson' s intended journey into England with any paper or
papers relating to the Pretender or the rebellion or the march of the rebels into Eng-
land : and this examinant further saith that he had no letter nor message relating to
Hickson' s being taken up ; he believes he read it in the weekly printed paper from
Newcastle. This examinant further saith he knows of no provisions been got ready
for the rebels against their intended journey into England, nor of any money being
collected for them to send into Scotland or to be given them on their arrivall in Eng-
land. R. S.
wrote (as this examinant belives) by Sir Thomas Sheridan & signed by the Pretender's
son ; which paper the persons above mentioned told this examinant he might shew to
any of his friends in England, & when he asked to whom he should shew it, they told
him he might shew it to Mr. Strickland at Richmond in Yorkshire ; and gave him no
farther instructions whatever relating to the said paper ; and that he did not intend to
deliver it to Mr. Strickland, but to come directly to London & communicate it to his
grace the Duke of Athol, whose servant this examinant formerly was.
He saith that Mr. Strickland, Sir John Macdonald, Mr. Kelly,' & Sir Thomas Sheri-
dan, are generally reputed to be in the principal confidence of the Pretender's son.
Being shewed a paper signed C. P. R. he acknowledges it to be the same that was
delivered to him by Sir Thomas Sheridan & Mr. Stuart, and which he concealed in
the top of a glove, where it was found when he was apprehended at Newcastle.
"You are hereby authorized & directed to repair forth with into England & there
notifie to my friends, and particularly those in the north and north west the wonder-
full success with which it has pleased God to favour my endeavours for their deliver-
ance. You are to let them know that it is my full intention in a few days to move
forwards towards them, & that they will be inexcusable before God & man if they do
not do all in their power to assist & support me in such an undertaking. What 1
demand & expect is that as many of them as can should be ready to join me, and that
they should take care to provide provisions & money, that the country may suffer as
little as possible by the march of my troops. Let them know, that there is no more
time for deliberation. Now or never is the word. I am resolved to conquer or perish.
If this last should happen, let them judge what they & their posterity have to expect.
C. P. R. "
The above ex* saith that he \vas groom of the bedchamber to the son of K. James
the 2nd for about the space of four or five years, and was sometimes at St. Germains
and Avignon with K. James' family & received an annual pension for executing that
office, and quitted that employment four years before he left France. R. S.
July 3d, 1746.
The enclosed relates y e case of some offenders w ch has made & still makes a
good deal of uneasiness in York among the king's friends. They say the fellows
were committed by the justices of peace, as felons with the utmost severity, and have
been detained in jail as such. I take the liberty to trouble you with their history,
w ch , perhaps, you may be so good as to enquire further into & procxtre them such
douceurs in their confinement, as may render it more tolerable to them. They are
certainly offenders, & yet, in the eye of the law, I suppose it as pimishable to pull
down a mass house as it is to raise & use one, but I am no advocate for rioters,
& only think that there is a discrimination of offenders w ch should be observ'd, & I
dont think it tends to preserve a spirit of loyalty & Protestantism to use, as we do,
Popish priests with lenity, & exert the summum jus against such offenders as are re-
ferred to. Permit me to leave ye consideration of this matter to your prudence and
good-nature. They say here, that Bell of Thirsk occasions this severity to the com-
My humble service & of all my family, in w ch Miss Frankland is included, wait
upon the ladies.
I am, dear Sir,
Y r oblig'd & faithful friend,
THO : EBOR.
York, 29 September, 1746.
As I had the favour of your last letter from Aske, I have taken the liberty of
putting this under Sir Conyers D'Arcy's cover, in expectation that this will find you
at the same place. Last night, about 7 o'clock, two judges, Burnett & Denison, ar-
rived at this town. This morning they went so early to the Castle that S r David
Murray, Cap tn Hamilton, and several others were arrainged before Mr. Elcock and I got
thither. Cap tn Hamilton behaved in a very poor dispirited and piisillanimous manner.
He would have pleaded guilty if the Court had been ready, or inclined to accept that
plea. It seems to be the disposition of the Court that all the rebels should plead not
guilty, that the cause and reason of their acquittal or conviction may appear before
the world. Sir David Murray behaved with spirit and unconcerned. Seventy-five,
all that were indicted, were arrainged before one o'clock. Two only pleaded guilty,
& persisted in that plea, after the judges had acquainted them with the fatal conse-
quences of it. One of them assigned this reason, that he had neither money nor
friends : and, surely, when a man is in that unhappy situation, the gallows or hanging
is ever but ressonnu [resolu?] and dernier resort. A copy of the pan ell of the jurors
was delivered for every individual prisoner after his arraignment. The Court appeared
to proceed with great caution and exactness. It was adjourned till Thursday. Mr.
Lockart, the advocate, went through this town yesterday to his brother's at Wh eld-
rick. It was reported this morning that he had declared that the young Chevalier
was safely arrived in France, and that he had received advice of it from thence.
THE MANOR. 69
Doctor Stern, Dr. Baker, and Dr. Braithwaite were all the Comm r8 that appeared.
S r "Wm. St. Quintin &c. are expected in Town. Please, my most humble respects to
Sir Conyers and to the ladies at Marske. I am, dear Sir,
Your most obedient
THO. METCALFE. 49
The compliments of all here attend you and yours.
Kensington, Dec. 2, 1746.
I am oblig'd to you for a very kind letter of y e 4th of Nov., w ch I rec d here.
In that you told me, you was attending the Commission business about enclosing y e
Papon lands, and that you hop'd a meeting or two more would prepare matters for an
award. The enclos'd seems to be of consequence to the interest of the see of York,
and if y e observation be rightly founded, I must plead in arrest of judgment, till the
matter referred to be settl'd. I send it you just as I rec d it & have wrote to Mr.
Yoward to wait upon you on the subject upon y e first notice, w ch you shall please to
You remember the horse, w ch S r Wm. St. Quintin gave me, & you was pleas'd to
commend him. He got rid of his cold & I took several airings upon him with great
satisfaction, for he moves excellently but he has made many ugly blunders with
me & was twice upon his nose, dead as a stone. I would not tell S r Wm. of this for
the world & yet it has much prejudiced me, for, if it is a careless trick of youth, it is
an ugly one. He is now at Scamston for the winter. This being the case, you will
forgive me, dear Sir, if I beg y e favour of you still to look for me & point a road nag.
if you can, that is shorte jointed, light- shoulderd & lower than my friends obliging
present. I saw the Bp. yesterday very well & I gave my best blessing to y e young
squire of Marsk. He is like you, & I hope in God without flattery, when y e incident
happens, he will in all respects be your representative. No news of any importance
stirring. We lost a ship on Sunday full of soldiers cloaths to y e amount of 12000
forty lives lost. Anson is cruizing for y e shatterd remnants of y e Brest Squadron, or
the galleons, w ch come first. The seamen for the year are fix'd at 40, the Tories
voted to have the fifty thousand. My best service attends upon y e Ladies. Yours,
49 The last of the Metcalfes of Nappa. The following extract from his will, which
was made in 1 754, will bo read with interest.
" To John Hutton, of Marske, Esq., I give a dimond ring and my poor brother's
picture. I desire his acceptance of them as a gratefull tho' poor acknowledgment
and testimony of the numberless marks of the great and inexpressible civility, kind-
ness, and friendship I have received from him through a long series of many years.
As the late Mr. Hutton, his worthy father, of whom I never think or make any
mention without the greatest reverence and veneration for his memory, was pleased to
be one of my brother's sponsors when he was carried to the font, I please myself with
the thoughts that Mr. Hutton will readily admitt my poor brother's picture to have a
place in a corner of his closet."
In the gallery at Marske the portrait is still hanging, shewing a fair haired boy
with bright eyes and a handsome florid countenance. He died in his youth, and his
death is remembered with regret by "the last hope of the old ruinous house of
I do now most heartily congratulate you upon the Bp. of Bangor's promotion
w ch promises so much felicity to a friend & family whom I love ; I am very con-
fident the friendship between him & myself will wear well to ye end of life. I
promise myself great comfort & usefulness in having him partake of the same bench
I thank you for your good wishes to myself. It is very seldom that y e enjoyments
of human life exceed our expectations, but I will hope for y e best, under y e good
favour of God, from a preferment, w ch I did not seek, but could not refuse for reasons
not to be gainsay 'd.
I like y e moving & figure of the mare very well. Her forehand seems very good.
I purpose to give her some hard meat & set a light weight on her to London. My
present resolution is to set out on Thursday. I shall be glad to shake hands with
you at BP. TP. My humble service waits upon S r Conyers.
I am, dear Sir,
Y r most oblig'd friend,
Oct. 31, 1747. THO : EBOR.
London, March 21st, 1758.
I cannot forbear troubling you with a few lines to express my greif and con-
cern at the loss of our worthy Archbishop. Every circumstance publick and private
aggravate my regrets upon this melancholy occasion. It only remains for me to
express my wishes for the prosperity of yourself and your family, and to assure you
of the constant regard with which, I am Sir,
Your most faithfull humble servant,
John Hutton, Esq r .
Arlington Street, Sunday Night,
December, 3rd, 1758.
I received this day at noon the melancholly express, you & Mr. Place had
sent me upon the fatal event of Sir Conyers D'Arcy's decease ; I see the long friend-
ship which had subsisted between you maintained itself to the last, & from the P.S.
of your letter I cannot but hope, you have complied with his last request & given
directions for his interment in the manner he desired & suitable to his rank ; and
believe me, Sir, I sincerely repay the tender marks of affection you shew to my dear
uncle with the sincerest gratitude, & that I wish nothing more ardently than the con-
tinuation of that valuable friendship towards myself.
Even in this melancholy moment I cannot be silent upon the vacancy that happens
in the County. I can never forget the great obligations I had co you in particular &
to many other gentlemen upon the last election. The engagements I then entered
into are such as cannot be broke through, & as they were taken with the approbation
of most of our friends (tho* there were at that time some dissentients) I should hope
they will be universally adhered to, the more so as I see no other method of preserving
the peace of the County and any degree of harmony among his Majesty's best friends
there. Upon this principle I would earnestly advise whoever may think my opinion
of any weight to adhere to what was settled at York, at least I must do so, though
upon all other occasions I shall make it a law to assist & support to the utmost of my
power, the measures which my friends & neighbours shall think most conducive to
the honor & interest of the County. As I am able to write to nobody but yourself,
at present, upon this subject, I should hope you will do me that honor to declare these
as my sentiments wherever you shall think it most proper. I am with great truth &
Your most obedient humble servant,
I should do wrong were I close my account of this distinguished
family without mentioning two other members of it, the grandchildren
of the gentleman who has been just mentioned. I allude to the late
and the present owner of the estate.
To the late John Hutton, Esq., Marske is under very great obliga-
tions. He planted and improved the estate, he restored the church,
and supported every attempt to foster and encourage agriculture not
only on his own estates but every where around him. He enriched
the hall with a very splendid library which does credit to his judgment
and his taste, and his gifts, in private as well as in public, were numer-
ous and large.
In his brother, the present owner of the estate, Mr. Hutton left an
able successor. Marske has long prospered and long may it prosper
under his care. The author of this little memoir has often been the
witness as well as the recipient of his kindness, and it gives the writer
sincere pleasure, far greater than the gratification of any antiquarian
curiosity, to discover that the kindly feelings of a long line of dis-
tinguished ancestors are remembered to be imitated and that their vir-
tues have descended with their blood. " These are the deeds which add
dignity to antient descent, and justify a fervent prayer for the peace
and perpetuity of the family that practices them."
Loke who that is most vertuous alway,
Prive and assert, and most entendeth ay
To do the gentil dedes that he can,
And take him for the gretest gentilman.
CLINTS, so called from the abrupt and picturesque scar of white
rock that overhangs it, lies but a short distance from Marske on the
slope of the green valley which shoots away towards the north-west.
Its position is a very striking one. Bight opposite to you is the ancient
manor-house of Skelton, still surrounded with its green pastures run-
ning up into the heather which crowns the hills above ; as you turn
downwards you can sec the smoke curling upwards from the little
village of Marske below you, and your eye passes onwards to the va-
ried landscape, with its wood and water, that lies beyond it. Beneath
your feet are the gardens overhanging the sparkling rivulet which
runs also through the grounds at Marske. The waters are here com-
pressed within a rocky gorge beginning and ending in a waterfall.
Clints is included in the manor of Marske. In 1394 it is called in
a charter a hamlet of Marske, and the early history of the two places is
identical. I find the name in existence in the thirteenth century, and
there are many charters in the muniment room at Marske relating to
the place, but, for the most part, they arise out of leases and are of
little importance. A family of Clints held property there under the
lords of Marske in the thirteenth and fourteenth centuries, 50 and one of
them, a Thomas del Clints, in the 45th of Edw. III.
possessed a pretty little seal. Clints was separated
from Marske, for the first time, in the latter part of
the reign of Queen Elizabeth. It was the first sacri-
fice that was made by the Phillips. On the 9th of
May, 1590, Arthur Phillip, Esq., of Marske, and
Prancis Phillip, his son and heir, sell to John Bradley
of Bethome in Westmorland, Esq., a close-
in Marske called Peter intacke, and Rid-
dinges, Clinte closes, Orgate closes, Springe
and Intacke, and a leadmine there. Ar-
thur Phillip was related to the Bradleys
through his second wife, Bridget Ley-
bourne. Bradley died soon after this, leaving behind him several
daughters and coheirs, among whom his estate was divided. One daugh-
ter, I presume, sold her share to John Sayer, Esq., of "\VorsaHj another
became the wife of Sir Francis Duckett of Grayrigg, in "Westmorland,
who sold his portion of Clints to Timothy Hutton, Esq., on the 26th of
March, 1605, for 30Z. 10s. (Of. Hutton Corr. 207.) On the 22nd of
June, 1615, John Sayer, of "Worsall, Esq., for the sum of 100 marks
disposes of the " Greate or Eastmer Eyddyngs in Clyntes," late in the
tenure of Robert Willance, of Richmond, to Sir Timothy Hutton.
The greater part, however, of Clints seems to have passed, by some
conveyance with which I am not acquainted, to a successful merchant
at Richmond of the name of Robert Willance a person who is not
yet forgotten in that little market town. I have reason to believe that
50 In ssec. xiv. John s. Galfr. de Clintys grants to Wm. son of Conan de Marske
a parcel of ground in the West Crofts " in campo de Mersk voc. le Sidbank, cum
bosco cum uno magno trunco vocato le Almestock."
ho was a native of Westmorland and that he came through the dales to
settle as a draper at Richmond. At Richmond he pushed his fortunes
with great success. There would be very little competition in trade at
that time in a little town like Richmond, and a thrifty man like Wil-
lance would soon make a considerable fortune. He was also a success-
ful leadminer. I find that he and a person called Richard Willance,
who was, I believe, his brother, were connected with Glints about the
commencement of the seventeenth century.
The name of Robert Willance is connected with a marvellous story.
There is no one in Richmond who has not heard of Willance' s leap. In
the year 1606 he was hunting near his own estate on the high ground
between Glints and Richmond on the northern bank of the Swale.
The hunting party was surprised by a fog, and Willance was mounted
upon a young and fractious horse. To his horror it ran away with him
and made right for the precipitous rock called Whitcliffe Scar which
looks down upon the Swale. The horse, no doubt, as it neared the
verge would become conscious of its peril, but, as is very frequently the
case, the danger that paralyzes the rider, only makes the steed more fear-
less. As soon as it left the level platform above, three bounds, each
covering twenty four feet, brought it to the verge of the cliff, down
which it sprang. About 100 feet from the top of the scar there is a
projecting mass of rock and earth, upon which the horse alighted only
to throw itself upon the ground below, some hundred feet farther
down. It was killed by the fall and Willance' s leg was broken. With
wonderful presence of mind he disentangled himself from his dead horse,
and drawing a clasp knife he slit open the belly of the animal, and laid
within it his fractured leg, to protect it from the cold till help arrived.
This precaution, in all probability, saved his life. His leg, hoAvever, was
amputated and he would hunt no more. As a memorial of his wonder-
ful escape he marked with an upright stone each of the three bounds
which his steed took before it sprang over the cliff. On two of them
he put the following inscription " 1606, Glory be to our merciful God
who miraculously preserved me from the danger so great." And he
had indeed great cause to be thankful, for no one can look up at the
grey cliff over which he was carried without a shuddering feeling of
astonishment that any one could survive so fearful a fall.
The lost leg, as tradition tells us, was laid under a massive stone in
the churchyard of Richmond, and, two years after the accident which
deprived him of it, Willance became Alderman of Richmond. He was
laid beside his leg on the 1 2th of February, 1615-16. In his will, which
is registered at Richmond and at York, there are a few interesting be-
quests. He leaves 20s. per annum, for 13 years, to be given at Rich-
mond every Christmas even to poor widows and the aged poor, and a
similar sum, for a like period, to the needy at Winster, Crook, and
Croft. On the day of his burial each poor householder in Richmond is
to receive 12^., and every other poor body, in the town or present at the
funeral, is to have a penny and " dynners for the best." To Elizabeth
his wife he gives a round hoop ring and a double ducat of gold. To his
nephew Brian Willance, his heir, he leaves his best horse and saddle
and furniture, his best sword and dagger, his books, his books of debts
excepted, and all his freehold lands and mortgages. To Brian's two sis-
ters, Anne and Jane "Willance, he leaves 40?. To Thos. son of his mas-
ter, Mr. Richard Willance, who was probably his elder brother, he
leaves his close behind the Friars. To each of his "god-barnes," the
boys 2s. each, the girls I2d. " there names are in mybooke." To halt
Brian Willance of Winster 10s. To John Willance alias Wetherilt, his
supposed son by Agnes Wetherilt, he leaves 300?. To Elizabeth Wil-
lance, alias Coates, his supposed daughter by Margaret Coates, now the
wife of Giles Alderson of Ravenseat in Swaledale, he gives 100?. To
his nieces Ann and Jane, daughters of Nicholas Willance his brother,
he leaves 50?. each. The supervisors of his will are Francis Tunstall,
Esq., Roger Gower, Chr. Askew, and Humphrey Wliarton, gentlemen,
to each of whom he gives five angels. In his inventory Willance' s ef-
fects are valued at 751?. 5s., excluding what is due to him in his debt
book which amounted to the large sum of 1,119?. 14s.
There is one bequest in Willance' s will which is a very interesting
one. It is a gift to the Corporation of Richmond. "I give to the
brotherhood of Alderman and Burgesses of Richmond, to remayne for
ever with the Alderman for the tyme being, and by him to be delivered
over to his successor, yearely, one sylver bowle, whyte, weight twelve
ounces, to [be] ingraven upon the same, This bowle given by Robert
Willance to the Incorporated Alderman and Burgesses of Richmond, to be
used by the Alderman for the tyme being and to be re-delivered by him,
his executors, or assignes, to his successor for ever" This inscription, 51 to
which the date of 1606, the year of Willance's wonderful escape, has
been added, still remains upon a piece of plate which is in the possession
of the Corporation of Richmond. It can scarcely, however, be called a
bowl : it is rather in the shape of a cup or calix rising like a flower out
of a graceful stalk. It is a singularly handsome piece of plate, and
must have been of some antiquity when it came into the hands of the
Cf. Clarkson's Richmond, 108, where the inscription on the piece of plate is given.
Brian Willance, the son of "Nicholas Willance, was the heir of his
uncle Robert, the Alderman of Richmond, and became the owner of
Glints. Of Brian Willance there is little known. He left behind him
two or more daughters and co-heirs, among whom his property was
divided. Of these, Elizabeth carried Glints and other property in
Richmond and elsewhere to her husband, John Bathurst, M.D.
The family of Bathurst is of Kentish extraction. Thoresby gives a
long account of it in his Ducatus Leodiensis, and farther information
respecting it may be found in Hasted' s History of Kent. It has always
been a house of note and consequence. One branch has been en-
nobled, and it has produced several men who have left more than a
name behind them. I give the pedigree of that portion of the family
which was connected with Glints.
ARMS. Sa., two bars Ermine, in chief three crosses patee Or.
John Bathurst of London, M.D. . Of Clintsjure ux._ 28 =p Elizabeth, daughter and
June, 1655, he sells to Tho. Hutchinson of London, Esq.,
for 1001. an annuity of 51. out of Glints. (See among the
Charities.} M.P. for Richmond 1655 and 1658. Died
Apr. 19, 1659.
co-heir of Brian Wil-
lance of Clints, gent.
Married at Marske Jan.
Christopher Bathurst, M.D., eldest son.
John Bathurst. Philip Bathurst. John Bathurst.
Charles, a twin with Constance, buried in great
state at St. John's church, Leeds, 28 Mar. 1681.
Constance. Francis. Edward, died young. Mary.
Dorothy, mar. Moses Bathurst of Hothorp, North-
ants, a London merchant & brother to Dean
Theodore Bath- =F Lettice only
urst of Leeds
The friend of
Said to have
been born in
Elizabeth, mar. Sir Rich. Blake of Clerkenwell, kt. They had two daughters, one
married Bishop Burnet, the other Lord Chief Justice Dormer.
1. Charles Bathurst ^
of Clints & Skut-
31 August and 1
Septem., 13 Wm.
III. Will dated
June 7, 1722.
= Frances, daughter and heir of
Thomas Potter of Leeds,
merchant, by Mary dau. and
heir of Edward Langsdale of
Leeds, M.D. Ex* to her
husband. Died 24 Jan 1724,
8Bt. 42. M. I. St. Martins in
Repington bap. at
Leeds Sep. 1679.
Mary, bapt. Oct.
John,bp. at Marsk
Jan. 12, 1685-6.
Charles Bathurst of = Anne, dau.
Clints and Skutter-
skelf, Esq. Men-
tioned in his father's
will. M.P. for Rich-
mond, 1727. Will
dated 29 Sep. 1740,
Will dated 12
Mary, sister and co-heir marr. Wm. Sleigh
of Stockton-on-Tees, Esq. ^
Jane, sister and co-heir, mar. Wm. Turner of
Kirkleatham, Esq. ^
Frances, sister and co-hell, married Franc-is
Forster of Buston, co. K orthumberland, Esq.
Mar. at Gateshead, 17 Aug. 1731. ^
Dr. Bathurst, the founder of the family, was on two occasions a repre-
sentative in Parliament for the Borough of Richmond. In his last will
he charges his estates with the sum of 12?. per aim. to be expended by
the Alderman and Burgesses of Richmond in maintaining two poor
scholars at Cambridge, and in putting out, yearly, a poor boy as an ap-
prentice. I find him mentioned in a very rare treatise on Arithmetic
which was published in 1649 by Jonas Moore of Durham. The author
seems to have had the charge of the Dr.'s eldest son, Chr. Bathurst, and
dedicates the second part of his work to the father.
Theodore Bathurst, his son, is the Lawyer Bathurst, whom Thoresby
speaks of with respect more than once, and calls " a learned and in-
genious gentleman." When the father of the pious antiquary died in
1679, Mr. Bathurst wrote a long elegy which is printed in the Ducatus.
Dr. Whitaker ascribes another work to Mr. Bathurst, an elegant trans-
lation into Latin verse of the Shepherd's Calendar. This very curious and
scarce little work, of which I possess a copy, was published at London in
1653. The author is stated to be Theodore Bathurst ' l aula3 Pembrokianee
apud Cantabrigienses aliquando socius." We can scarcely identify him
with Theodore Bathurst of Glints, who is said to have been born in 1646.
On the marriage of the son of Theodore Bathurst in 1 70 1 , the estate
of Glints, the King's Arms Inn at Eichmond, a house in Frenchgate,
and 8 acres of land in Richmond, were settled upon the issue of the
alliance, and in his will made in 1722 Charles Bathurst, Esq., charges his
estate with 2,000/. to each of his three daughters above their portions.
The son, another Charles Bathurst, was M. P. for Eichmond in 1727,
but was ejected on petition. Tradition tells us that he became insane.
He is said, on one occasion, to have thrown a waiter down the stairs of
his own house, the King's Head Inn, in Eichmond. The poor fellow
had his leg broken, and when the landlord ventured to remonstrate with
Mr. Bathurst he cooUy told him to " put it in the bill ! " 53
52 The following narrative of a more fatal encounter is from his own statement
and that of his servants, preserved among the Chaytor Archives,
On Dec. 1, 1730, Charles Bathurst, Esq., on returning from Stokesley to Skutter-
Bkelf, between 9 and 10 at night, found that his butler, David Bransby, who had
served his father and himself many years, had that day been quarrelling with the
stable boys and other servants. Speaking to Bransby, Mr. B. asked what was the
reason, and calling the others, desired they would agree, gave Bransby and them each
a broad piece of gold, and told Bransby that he loved him as well as any of the rest,
and made each drink a horn of ale. Mr. Bathurst drank two or three horns with his
cousin, Mr. John Motley, whom he had for many years supported, and was about to
drink another, when Motley refused to drink, alleging the ale to be of a different
kind from what they had drunk before. Bathurst insisted it was the same as he had
drunk of himself, and, on some words, Motley said he was acting like a coward.
Bathurst then took him to a room where swords hung, and bad Motley take one and
see which was the greatest coward, and drew another himself. Motley would not, and
on Bathurst saying "You are the greatest coward, and not I," went out and Bransby
with him, when Bathurst remarked " It is a fine night, let them be locked out."
He does not appear to have wished them to be kept out long, for on retiring to his
Mr. Bathurst died in i 740, leaving everything to his wife, who de-
vised her real estate in 1747 to her brothers-in-law, Sleigh and Turner,
on trust to pay certain legacies and annuities, and to discharge the debts
and settle the affairs of the family. The trustees must have had a very
onerous charge, for the burdens upon the family property were heavy and
numerous. Large sums had been raised to pay the portions of the sisters,
and Glints had been mortgaged to its full value to Thomas Duncombe,
Esq., of Duncombe Park. All these difficulties are to be removed, and
then the property is to be divided between the three sisters and co-heirs
of the last Charles Bathurst, Esq., under the settlement of 1701.
After several fruitless negotiations, the estate passes into the hands of
Charles Turner of Kirkleatham, Esq., the son of one of the co-heiresses,
who acquires the shares of his two aunts, Sleigh and Forster, Forster's
share, I presume, having been bought up previously. On 21 Sep. 1761,
Wm. Sleigh of Stockton, Esq., "William Turner, of Kirkleatham, Esq.,
Savile Slingsby, of London, merchant, and Charles Slingsby, Esq., for-
merly of Gray's Inn but now of Staveley, (executors of Thomas Dun-
combe, Esq., of Duncombe Park), sell Glints to Charles Turner, Esq., the
son of the said William, who had been for some time residing at Glints.
The estate contains 342 acres, and with it there are the burgages in
Richmond with pasture-gates in Whitcliffe pasture, the bowling-green
house at the back of the Friary, and the parcels of meadow land in the
bedchamber lie took his sword to lay by his bedside to prevent any sudden attempt
upon him by Motley, but requested his servant Crowder to take it down as soon as
he was in bed and hang it up. In undressing he wanted some ribbon for sleeve
strings to bind his shirtbands, and sent Crowder for it. He heard a very great dis-
turbance, and Crowder on his return told him that he had the ribbon from Bransby
who was now come, and that he bade him tell his master so. Bathurst replied " Per-
haps my cousin Motley is likewise come in and will drink his horn of beer. Very
likely. I shall take my sword down myself, and hang it up." He went down with
his clothes loose, and in his slippers, having pulled of his shoes and stockings.
Crowder followed him down and saw Bransby lying dead on the floor.
It seems that on arriving in the passage betwixt the hall and the kitchen, Bathurst
had heard Bransby swearing in the kitchen that neither his master nor anybody else
should come into it, and if they did he would stab them or be their death with the
poker. He must have come out into the dark passage, and there Bathurst did not
see his antagonist but only his red-hot poker, with which in both hands he assaulted
his master and burned his coat breast. The latter, apprehending a second thrust, and
to prevent further mischief, made a push with his sword and happened to give
Bransby a wound in his right side, who instantly died, but even in his staggering en-
deavoured to strike with the poker.
The surgeons said that Bransby must at the time of his death have had his arm
extended and his body bent forward, and on the next day, Dec. 2, the coroner's
inquest found that the wound was given in self-defence, and that Bransby was al-
most tipsy at the time. Counsel however advised Bathurst that as he was not
bailable, he had better keep out of the way till near the assizes, as no flight had been
found at the inquest, and that he had better make conveyances of his estate, as a
verdict either of manslaughter or se defendendo would be accompanied with forfeiture
at law, and require pardon. W. H. D. L.
Gallow-field and 6 J acres in the West-field, all of the inheritance of the
late Charles Bathurst, Esq.
Glints, therefore, conies wholly into the possession of the Turners.
They were a Cleveland family and resided at Kirkleatham, holding a
very high position in the county of York. William Turner, Esq., who
married Miss Bathurst, was the younger brother of Cholmley Turner
of Kirkleatham, Esq., and when his nephew, Marwood Turner, died,
whilst travelling abroad, at Lyons, he became the representative of the
male line of the family. He died suddenly at Northallerton on the 1 1th
of August, 1774, having gone there to vote for a Eegistrar for the
North Eiding. Charles Turner, Esq., of Glints, his only son, was Lord
Mayor of York in 1771, and M.P. for that city. He was created a
baronet. He spent a good deal of his time at Glints, even before the
estate became his own. He was a great sportsman, fond of racing and
cock-fighting, and the stables of Glints were very well known. Sir
Charles was twice married, and by his second wife, a Miss Shuttle-
worth of Eorcett, he left a son and heir. He had by her, also, several
daughters, whom, although born in wedlock, he, strange to say, would
never acknowledge as his own.
On the 3rd of March, 1767, Charles Turner, Esq., sells Glints for
7,000?. to John Lord Yiscount Downe, who disposes of it on the 20th of
August, 1768, for a like sum to Miles Stapleton, Esq., sometime of
Drax but then of Glints. The pedigrees of these two illustrious houses
are well known. Glints did not remain long in the possession of the
Stapletons, as, on the 5th of July, 1800, Sir Thos. Gascoigne of Par-
lington (who had survived his co-trustees, the Earl of Abingdon and
Yiscount Wenman), Miles Stapleton of Richmond, Esq., and John Sta-
pleton, late of Glints but now of Tolthorpe, Esq., sell it for 8,000?. to
Thomas Errington, Esq., of New Basinghall Street, London.
The buyer and the vendors were kinsmen, the Stapletons having only
recently given up the name of Errington. Mr. Ellington, resided at
Glints and did much to improve the estate. On July 20th, 1813,
Anthony Bower of the Close of Lincoln, gen., and Alex. Calvert of
Richmond, land surveyor, the commissioners appointed under the act of
52 Geo. III. for enclosing lands in Marrick, convey to Mr. Errington
for 300?. 26 acres and a rood of land, a portion of a parcel of ground
on the moor of Marrick called Stelling bottom, and, on Feb. 15th, 1817,
the lord of the manor of Marrick, Win. Powlett Powlett of Lanston
House, Southants, sells to him for 20?. the tithes of corn, grain, and
hay on the aforesaid ground. His son, Michael Errington, Esq., and
the trustees of his marr. settlement sell the estate on the 13th of May,
1842, for the sum of 12,250/. to Timothy Hutton, Esq., the present
own6r of the neighbouring manor of Marske.
There is an engraving of the Hall at Glints in Allen's History of York-
shire. It was an irregular mansion, built at different periods and with
little uniformity of style, erected, principally, I believe, by the Turners.
Mr. Hutton removed the house when he became the purchaser of the
estate, and the wayfarer is no longer startled by seeing before him in
that solitary valley two ancient manor-houses distant from each other
but a few hundred yards.
Other buildings occupy the site of the hall, but any stranger, unac-
quainted with the early history of the place, may see at once the traces
of the mansion. The Genius loci does not always disappear when the
roof-tree falls. The decaying gardens, with their massive walls, still
cover the slope of the hill and overhang the brook, and when they fall
or are removed and all other things are lost, the position of Glints may,
perhaps, be still remembered. It is wonderful to see how long the
hardier flowers of the garden will shoot up and bloom even when they
are neglected and forgotten. I have discovered the site of an ancient
manor-house, when all other evidence was absent, by the testimony of
a few solitary flowers. Three hundred years have passed away since
the monks of Durham were removed from Einchale, but in their de-
serted garden there still springs up, year after year, the flower that
they once planted, the good old English daffodil.
SKELTON lies right opposite to Glints, surrounded by rich green
pastures at a little distance from the edge of the heather. The ancient
manor house has been, to a great extent, removed and one of the few
remmants of it is a plain Decorated window which in old times may
have lit up the hall. It is now converted into a farm house.
Skelton 53 is a limb of the great Eoald fee and is a manor of itself.
It is first mentioned in Kirkby's Inquest, which was made in the 15th
of Edward I., in which year Hanlacus de Hanlathby held a carucate of
arable land there under Wichard or Guiscard Charron, who held it under
Eoald de Eichmond. Guiscard Charron was a man of consequence in
his day, and was constable of Eichmond Castle in 1266.
The manor passed at a very early period into the possession of the
family of Halnaby, and it seems to have been one of the regular resi-
dences of the members of that knightly house. With the other estates
of the Halnabies, Skelton passed away with the heiress to the family of
53 It is singular enough that in Cleveland there is a village called Skelton, with
another Marske close to it. Unde nomen-et auctor? From which of the two districts
went the Teucer forth to found Ambiguara tellure nova Salamina ?
Place. The Places, of whom a full pedigree will be found in Mr. Sur-
tees's Durham, held it, I believe till the decadence of their house in
the earlier part of the seventeenth century, when it was purchased by
"William Bower, a successful merchant at Bridlington Key.
ARMS: On the gravestone in Bridlington church of Win. Bower, who died 1672,
there are two shields: 1. On a chevron between three eagles' heads, three mullets
(Jackson), impaling Bowes of Strcatlam. 2. A human leg, couped at the thigh, trans-
pierced above the knee by a spear broken chevronwise ; on a canton a castle ; the usual
coat of Bower. It is remarkable, that the coat of Jackson was used by some of
Bower's descendants, occurring on their monuments at Cloughton, York, and London.
Even the impalement was continued, appearing so marshalled on the seal of Leonard
Bower in 1714, with an escallop as a crest. In 1710, John Bowar of Bridlington,
gent., seals his will with these impaled coats, only the chevron has no mullets on it,
and the Bowes coat is on the dexter side. The pierced leg however was borne regularly
by the Bowers, and it seems highly probable that the impaled coat is really that of
Jackson the rector of Marske. He married a Bowes, and his seal probably descended
to the family of Bower, which seems to have had some unexplained connection
with him, and which purchased Glints in his old parish. There had been
other connections between Jacksons and Bowers. William Bower of Oxtnlefield had
a daughter Margaret, bap. 1591, who married Stephen Jackson of Berwick upon
Tweed, and another daughter, Jane Bower, became the wife of Koger Anderson, of
Newcastle, in 1614, on the death of Ann, daughter of Wm. Jackson of that town.
1598. Will dated 30 July, 1671, and proved at York, "to be
decently interred in the parish church of Bridlington." Died
23 March, 1671-2, aged 74. M. I.
Died 14 Sep. 1657,
aged o'j, and bur. at
Bridlington. M. I.
John Bower oJ
ton Key, men
to his father,
May, 1676, p
" to be intei
church of Br]
1 Sarah, dau. =
set 31, M.I.
? Bridling- =F Catherine, daur.
hant. Ex r of William and
Will dt. 30 Priscilla Bower
r. at York, of Cloughton, &
red in the widow of ....
William Bower, died before his father,
who mentions in his will his daughter
Thomasine, then a minor. William
Bower, merchant, ob. 26 June, 1657,
M. I. at Bridlington.
Sibilla, mar Fell. ^
F William Bower =
Executor to his
= 2. Cath-
John Bower. Edward, died
Robert Bower. 8th March,
Samuel Bower. ^T ?
Jane, mar. B,alph Fell. ^
Priscilla Bower. Thomasine, d.
Catherine Bower. 1 1 Mar ^
TM- t, ^ T 1669, aged
Elizabeth Bower. 1Q ^^
All ment d by their M. I. Brid-
father or grandfather, lington.
Died 9th May,
1702, set. 53
M. I. Bridling- '
William Bower Leonard Bower of Scorton, gentleman, =F Elizabeth, daughter of
merchant, eld- second son, born 26th April, 1682.
est son. Died Will dated 6 Sep. 1757, & proved at
s. p. Other Richmond, 27 May, 1769. Bur. at
children. Bolton-on- Swale, 18 March, 1763.
Richard Woolfe of Brid-
lington, merchant, mar.
2 Aug. 1720. She had a
fortune of 2000J.
John Bower, gen., of =p Philadelphia, eldest Hannah, married at Bolton, 17th Sep.
Scorton. Ex r to his | dau. of Geo Cuth- 1751, Geo. Cuthbertson, Esq., jun,,
bertson, Esq. recor- of Newcastlc-on-Tyne.
der of Newcastle-
on-Tyne. lnd s of Sarah, to whom her father leaves 2000J.
mar. 10 July, 1759
father. Sells Skelton.
His descendants are
now the owners of
Welham, E. R. Y.
mar. General Montgomery Aguew.
T find William Bower mentioned as the owner of Skelton in 1652.
He realized a very large fortune by trade and purchased many estates
in the East Biding of Yorkshire. On his monument at Bridlington it
was stated that "he did in his life-time erect at his own charge at Brid-
lington a school-house ; and gave to it 20?. per annum for ever, for
maintaining and educating of the poor children of Bridlington and Key,
in the art of carding, knitting, and spinning of wool." By his will he
devised the whole of his estates to his son John, for his life, directing
that, after his father's decease, Skelton should go to his eldest grandchild,
William Bower. This William mentions Skelton in his will, and at his
death it descended to his eldest son. On the 7th of Oct. 1714, Wm.
Bower of Bridlington Key, gen., "in consideration of the naturall love
and affeccion which he beareth unto his brother Leonard Bower, and
for his better advancement in marriage, &c., and for the sum of 1300?.,"
conveys the manor of Skelton to certain trustees to the use of the said
Leonard, reserving an annuity out of it of 200?. to himself and his
assignees. On July 23rd, 1720, on the marriage of Leonard Bower to
Elizabeth Woolfe, the sum of 500?. is charged upon the estate as a join-
ture for the lady. On Nov. 12, 1782, John Bower of Scorton, Esq.,
"only son and heir of Leonard Bower late of Scorton, deceased, and
Elizabeth Woolfe, releases the manor of Skelton to Miles Stapleton,
Esq., of Glints, for the sum of 10,250?., reserving a modus of 1?. Is. Id.
payable yearly to the rector of Marske, in lieu of the tythe of hay, and
an 8th of the minerals. On the 5th of July, 1800, Miles Stapleton of
Richmond, Esq., and John Stapleton, late of Glints, Esq., and now of
Tollthorpe, co. Lincoln, release the manor to Thomas Errington late
of New Basinghall Street, London, and now of Glints, Esq,, for 13,000?.,
with the same reservations. On May 13th, 1842, Michael Errington,
Esq., of Glints, and the trustees of the settlement made on his marriage
with Rosanna O'Eerrall, dated 14th and 15th Nov., 1838, (i.e. Richard
More O'Ferrall of Balina, co. Kildare, Esq., James O'Ferrall of Bagot
Street, Dublin, Esq., Thomas Meynell, Jun., of Kilvington, Esq., and
Gilbert Stapleton of Richmond, Esq.), convey the estate for the sum of
17,250?. to Timothy Hutton, Esq., of Clifton Castle, the present Lord of
the manor of Marske, in whose possession it still continues.
FELDOM, a small farm, lies to the north of Marske, in an ex-
posed situation on the summit of the hill which is known by the name
of Marske edge. It was a portion of the Richmond fee, and became at
a very early period the property of the monastery of Jervaux. Dr. Bur-
ton, in his Monasticon of Yorkshire, tells us that Nicholas son of Galfrid
de Stapleton gave five oxgangs of land in the territories of Marske, and
Henry son of Michael half a carucate there, to the monks of Jervaux ;
grants that were confirmed by Henry III. and John Duke of Brittany.
The monks, however, had possessions in this neighbourhood at a much
earlier period, as Earl Conan, who died in 1171, gave them pasture in
all his New Forest at Richmond, forbidding them at the same time to
have any mastiffs to drive the wolves away from their pastures. In
Kirkby's Inquest it is stated that the Abbat of Jervaux holds half a
carucate of land there under Roger de Mountford, who holds it under
the Roalds. After the dissolution of the monasteries, when Jervaux
had property in Marske of the value of 10s. per ann., in 1564, I find
Peldom in the possession of Matthew Earl of Lennox and his Countess.
After this there is a long blank in its history ; but in 1776 it was in-
cluded among the Byerley estates which were then to be sold, and I am
inclined to think that it had been purchased by some of the Robinsons,
whose estates, en masse, descended through the Whartons to the Byer-
leys. And this is the more probable, as on Jan. 5, 20 Car. II., I find
Leonard Robinson, gen., of Ravenswath, selling to Frances Hutton of
Marske, widow, " a parcell of moore lying on y south and south-west
of the doule stones lately erected on Feldom more, along by Buzzard^
Scarre," parcel of the manor of Ravenswath. A fuller account of the
history of the Byerley estates will be found under West Applcgarth.
At the dispersion of that property Eeldom came into the possession of
two persons of the name of Jackson and Hick, by whom it was sold to
the late John Hutton, Esq., of Marske.
WEST APPLEGARTH lies under the crest of the hill as you go
towards Richmond from Marske ; a solitary farm house marks the site
of the ancient mansion. The position is a very striking one. Above
and below you is the picturesque valley of the Swale with its broken
and wild ground. Behind you is the -rock, dark with its native yew ;
and, from a bold eminence which bears the name of Applcgarth
Scar, the eye passes away far beyond the grey tower of Richmond
and rests at last on the softer landscape in the distance, among the
woods and rich pastures of Catterick and Hornby. Above you there
are the green rounded hills of Marske crowned with thriving planta-
tions, and beneath you is the Swale brawling over its rocky bed.
Applegarth once gave its name to the chase of the Earls of Richmond,
which stretched away to the north and west, taking in a vast district
which has now become amenable to the share. The history of that
chase cannot properly be given under an account of Marske. Scarcely
a remnant of the forest is now in existence, but the husbandman turns
WEST APPLEGARTH. o^
up every now and then the trunks of huge trees. When you stand upon
the scar 'and look towards the north you will be able to form some idea
of the extent of the chase and of the ground over which it extended.
The wildwood began where you now stand, with its wolves and its
fallow deer, and below you, beneath the summit of the hill, there was
a sheltered spot where the green turf was left ; there did a little tene-
ment arise with its fruit-trees around it, and from them it was called
Applegarth is a portion of the manor of Ravenswath, and belonged,
therefore, in early times, to the lordly house of the Fitzhughs. In
1250, Hen. II. granted to Henry son of Ralph de Ravenswath free
warren in Applegarth. At the time of Kii'kby's Inquest a bailiff of
Richmond, Robert de Applegarth, who took his name from the place
that he occupied, held a carucate of land there under Hugh Fitz Henry.
Robert de Applegarth and Thomas his son are not unknown in the
annals of the town of Richmond. Applegarth continued in the posses-
sion of the Fitzhughs till the sixteenth century, when it passed away,
with one of the co-heiresses of the house of Ravenswath, to William
Parr, K.G., Marquis of Northampton. A poet he was and the friend
of poets, and after many troubles and one very narrow escape, as
Camden tells us, " he sweetly ended his life : a man very well versed
in the more delightfull sort of studies, as musick, love-toys, and other
courtly dalliances." His grave was opened at Warwick in the reign of
James I. and they found the rosemary and the bay still green around him.
The earl made a grant of Applegarth for life to a faithful retainer
of his, Thomas son of Geoffrey Middleton, Esq., of Middleton Hall, in
Westmerland. He married a daughter of William Conyers, Esq., of
Marske, by whom he had a large family. She died in 1569 and was
buried at Marske, where a monument was set up over her tomb which
is now destroyed. Her husband died before her in 1565, and the in-
ventory of his effects at Applegarth is still in existence. He was a man
of substance, and had a good establishment at Applegarth. There were
at that place eleven horses and fifteen milch kine. His silver plate,
which was kept in the parlor, was worth about 20?. Among his
shaping apparrel (for he introduces that west country word into Rich-
mondshire) there were one or two curious items. His best suit was of
yellow satin and was worth 3?. In addition to this he had two other
suits of clothes, of taffety & velvet and a short gown of cloth. His coat
of steel was valued at 20s , and besides this he had a crimson velvet
coat of cloth of gold worth 3?, 6.s. Sd. : this was probably the livery
coat of the Marquis his master. In the hall, the principal apartment,
there were only a table, a cubboard, two chairs, two buffet forms and a
carpet. Besides this scanty furniture there were, strange to say, in the
same room a hanger or bench to put cheeses on and a plate on which
the family roasted the apples that grew in the orchard ! Few people
would like, in these days, to fill the principal room in their houses, in
which they sat, and perhaps slept, with apples and cheeses.
The Marquis of Northampton died in 1571 without lawful issue, and
his estate, therefore, escheated to the crown. In 1629, Charles I.
granted the manor of Ravenswath, including Applegarth, and fee farm
rents to the value of 47 L 13 s. id. out of Glints, Marskc, and East
Applegarth to the citizens of London, they paying a crown rent of
88/. 10s. 4d. a year to him and his successors. In 1633, the citizens
sell their recent acquisition for 3,110/. 13*. 4d. to Jerome Robinson of
St. Trinians near Richmond, gentleman, and John Robinson, gen., his
brother. Jerome Robinson died without issue, and his estates descended
to his brother John, who resided some time at Applegarth. I give a
genealogical sketch of his descendants.
John Robinson, the joint purchaser of =F Syth, daughter of Leonard Smelt of Kirkby
Applegarth, 3rd son of Leonard Rob-
inson of St. Trinians. Bur. in the
chancel of Marske Jan. 17, 1656.
Fletham, Esq., by Syth, daughter of Ed-
mund Allen of Gatherley, bap. at Kirkby
Fletham February 22, 1596-7.
l.Leo d Robin -=F Lucy, dau. of
Matthew Robinson of
2. Thomas Robin-=FMargaret,
son of Kirkby
son of Applegarth
lips of Wens-
Syth mar. Ninian Col-
M r. John
set. 47, 1665.
ley, gen., by
ling of Kirkby Hill.
Easby & Skeeby,
Will dat. H
Cath. dau. of
Bur. there 29 Dec.
mar. at Marske
15 Feb. 1656-7.
Pro. at Rich-
son of Rokeby,
Elizab h md. Mat w Ber-
Nunc. will dated
ry of Downham Park.
at Skeeby 4 Mar.
Bur. at Kirk-
1667. M. I.
Joan, bap. at Marske
bv Hill 23rd.
Dec. 26, 1635.
20 Apr. seq.
Jerome Robinson of Kirk-
by Hill, Esquire, eet. 6,
1665. Mentioned in his
father's will. Died s. p.,
leaving his sisters co-heirs.
Bur. at Kirkby Hill 3 Mar.
Mary, married Roger Colville, Esq., of Wathcoat. I
Bur. at Kirby Hill Aug. 5, 1674. /K
Lucy, mar James Cook of Stockton-on-Tees.
Syth, ment d 1673, mar. at Stockton 12 Jan. 1691,
John Morton, Archdeacon of Northumberland.
Elizabeth. Anne. Mentioned 1673.
John Robinson =
of Easby, gen.
A minor 1671.
leaves him his
lands in Skee-
by & his lands
r Anne, dau. of Wm,
Smith of Easby,
M.D., by Anne
dau. of Francis
Layton of Rawden,
Esquire, sister to
Wm. Smith, the
Thomas Robinson to
whom his father
leaves the " Frerie"
in Richmond. An-
cestor, ut puto,
of John James Rob-
inson, Esquire, the
present ow ner of the
Syth, born 14 & bp.
20 Jan. 1657-8,
All ment d 1670.
John Robinson, bp. Thomas Rob-
at Easby, 8 Feb. inson of Eas-
1690-1. A mer- by, gen.
chant in Leeds.
Anne, baptized at Easby, 22 Oct. 1693.
Elizabeth, married James Kitchingman of
Leeds, merchant, /K
COMMONS AND MOORS. 5
In 1675 the granddaughters of John Kobinson, by his son Leonard,
sell Ravenswath and Applegarth to Sir Thomas "VVharton of Edlington,
kt., for 8,900., and they descend with the heiress of the AVhartons to
the Byerleys of Goldsbro'. In 1764, Elizabeth Byerley, the last sur-
viving member of the family, bequeaths Ravenswath, &c., to her five
cousins, Prances Lady Legard, Jane Fisher, Philadelphia Lady Cayley,
Henrietta Digby, and Lucy Osbaldeston, share and share alike. In
1775, by a decree in Chancery the estates were sold to John Kilvington
on behalf of three of the co-heirs, Legard, Digby, and Osbaldeston. In
1788, Sir George Cayley, Bart., Digby Cayley, clerk, and John Cayley,
Esq., all of Brompton, devisees in trust under the wills of the said co-
heirs, sell the manor of Ravenswath, &c., to James Hutchinson, M.D.,
for 4,475?. At the dispersion of Dr. Hutchinson's property in 1814,
Applegarth was purchased by the late John Hutton, Esq., of Marske.
COMMONS AND MOORS. On these fertile subjects of contro-
versy there has been at various periods a good deal of litigation between
the landowners in the parish of Marske and their neighbours, especially
with reference to the rights of entercommon.
The following document is an agreement, as to these points, at a very
early period between the owners of Marrick, Marske, and Skelton.
Hoc cerografatum factutn et indentation in die nativitatis S. Job. Baptistae anno
regni regis Edwardi (filii regis Edwardi) "quarto decimo, testatur quod cum controversia
mota fuisset inter dominum Johannem Aske, militem, dominum de Marrik, ex prima
parte, ac dominum Herschulphum Clesseby, militem, dominum de Merske, ex secunda
parte, et dominum Halnatheum de Hanlaby, militem, dominum de Skelton, ex tercia
parte, pro diversis communibus pertinentibus ad dominia de Marrik, Merske et Skel-
ton ; unde concordat! fuerunt unanimi consensu et assensu borum omnium trium
parcium coram domino Ricardo de Bingbam (Berningham in alia copia) et domino
Jobanne de Doncastre, militibus, tune justiciariis, in forma subscripta. Videlicet,
predictus dominus Jobannes Aske cognovit et concessit, pro se et beredibus suis, pre-
dicto domino Herschulpbo, heredibus et omnibus tenentibus suis de Merske, ex austral!
parte aquae forestiae, et Halnatbeo de Halnaby, beredibus et omnibus tenentibus suis
de Skelton, ex australi parte aquae forest, communiam pasturae ad omnia animalia
sua omni tempore anni, capris et porcis tantum exceptis, in omnibus vastis, pascuis,
boscis subboscis et moris tanquam ad dominium de Marrik pertenentibus, spectantibus
et jacentibus, ex australi parte aquae de Brathowe qua3 dividit descendendo inter
dominia de Marrik et Merske, a alba via quos venit a Helwatbe in le Swale, sal van 3
semper quod antedictus Johannes Aske nee beredes sui non impedientur, perturbentur,
nee molestentur per predictos dominum Harscbulpbum et Hanlatbeum, nee beredes
suorum, cepandi, fossandi, murendi et cladendi in moris pertenentibus dominio de
Marrik, et jacentibus ex australi parte aquae de Bratbowe : et si predictus dominus
Johannes Aske ita includit se ipsum tune sessabit communias pasturao quas habet in
moris dominiorum de Marske et Skelton et tenebit se cum mora sua propiia, istis
indenturis in aliquo non obstantibus. Et predictu.3 domiaus Herschulphus cognovit
et concessit tenentibus de Marrik et Skelton, ex australi parto aquse forestse corn-
muniam pasture (ut supra) ex boriali parte aquae le Brathowe, a alba via quae
venit a Helwath in le Swale salvans semper (ut supra) Et predictus dominus
Halnatheus cognovit (etc.] tenentibus de Marrik et Merske ex australi parte aquae forestae,
communiam pasturse usque summitatem alba3 viao quae venit a Helwath, et sicut aqua
celestis dividit inter dominia de Merske et Skelton usque lapidem stantera in oriental!
parte de flesilhowe, et sic linialiter discendendo ad cornariura clausorum de Skelton,
et sicut illi extendunt usque in aquam forestse ; salvans (ut supra}. Et ut ista vera
concordia facta per concensumet assensum omnium trium parcium stetfirmaet stabilis
imperpetuum, nos, dicti dominus Johannes, Hersculphus et Halnatheus, obligamus nos
et heredes nostros in ducentas libras sterlingorum. Testibus domino Rlc. Bingham,
domino Johanni de Doncastre, millitibus ac justiciariis, domino Stepbano le Scrope
rectore ecclesiae de Mersk, Arnaldo de Croft, Willelmo de Stappilton, Galfrido de
Melsinby, Elia de Downom, Rogero et multis aliis. Data apud Stellings.
This agreement, however, did not succeed in allaying all controver-
sies and disputes. On the 29th of Apr. 18 Hen. VII., Sir "William
Conyers, kt., the arbitrator in a suit between Eoger Aske, Esq., and
Chr. Conyers of Marske, Esq., for lands between Skelton and Brada-
beck, made the following award that both claimants should enter-
common thereon with their cattle, and that no tenant of Marske or
Marrick should grave turves upon it; and William Aske, Esq., entered
into a bond of 100/. that his father, Eoger Aske, Esq., should observe
the award. After this disputes again broke out with great violence, as
soon as the Phillips came to Marske, with reference to the moors be-
tween that place and Marrick.
ARTHUR PHILLIP of Marske, gen., v. JOHN SAYRE of Marrick, Esq., and DOROTHYE
his wief, " concerninge the right, etc. of one great waste conteyninge by estimacion
100 [Qu. 1,000 ?] acres, lying betwixte a little becke called Bradowe becke on the
south and the more of Skelton on the northe, and for the alterynge and turnyng of a
small watercourse descending of the more of Marrycke from two little spryngcs called
Bryskells to Bradowe becke." The matter was referred to the decision of Thomas
Earl of Sussex, the President of the Council in the North, and of Sir Tho. Gargrave,
kt., Sir Nich. Fairefax, kt., John Vaughan, Wm. Tanckerd, Lawrence Meres, and
Thomas Eymes, Esquiers, and, for default of an award, to the arbitrament of the
earl only. He examines evidences, and the deed between Aske, Cleseby, and Halnaby,
and " Sayre shewed one auncyente dede under seale, whereby it appeared that the
Duke of Bretton had graunted to one Aske, auncestor of the wyfe of the said John
Sayre, that all his landes on the este side of one waye that leadeth from Marske to
Bradwathe, and so to Therelgate and to Ryth, and so to the ryver of Swale, as his
owne lande goeth, shoulde be forth of the forreste."
Witnesses ex parte Saier. Adam Spenceleye ; Roger Cherrye; Gregorie Metcalf of
Marrycke, yeoman, ag. 63; Wm. Close of Marrycke, husbandman, 53; Tho. Helmsleye
of Marrycke, servantte, 58 ; Wm. Hawkyns of Heley, par. Massam, 72 ; Wm. Hall
" of the castell of Stangsyde in Swadell, gresman, about the aye of 99 years, all his
lyf hath dwelt within a myle and a half thereof.'"
COMMONS AND MOORS. 87
I. 54 " The awncient bownders betwene the common moores of the manors of Marrigge
and Harske are these, viz. First, from the water of Swale upp Bradehowe beake to
a hoole [nere Broadhowbecke] callide Hell pott [hole], to an olde white wall under
Gaveloake-howe, and soo forthe to a spring callide Marrigge well [kell], and to a
[great] standing stone in the side [east end] of Hazelhowe, and then to the stone man
to (on) the height of Coake-howe, and soo to Moze myer headde (from the water of
Swale upp the northe side of Bradehowebecke to Marrigge kell, and from thence to
Cokko hill, and so forthe to Mose myers, and to the Whitegate). [Hawkyns dyd se
"Wyllam Aske, esquyer, lord of the manor of Marry eke abowt 60 y cares past by his
offycers and tenants enjoy e all the groundes uppon the sow the syde of the sayd
bounders and as far on the north syde of Brodhowbeck as the sayd bounders extend].
2. 3. " The groundes callide Heselhowe and Hawethornes [on the northe syde of
Bradhowebeck] are parcell of the manor of Marrigge. Hathe sene the Askes and
Bulmers, owners of the manors of Marrigge cutt downe, carrye awaye, and burne at
theire leade bales suche wodde as grewe apon the saide ij parcells of groundc, and also
the tenantes of Marrigg didde grave turffes and carrye the same awaye, and milkide
theire yeuies and hadde brakes and haye for the saide shepe and cattaile apon the saide
growndes of Heselhowe and Hawethornes, and hadde the brakens ling and thornes
growing apon the same, and carryed awaye the same, and occupiede the same on the
northe side of Bradehoweheake, unto the saide bownders before expressed as in the
first interrogatorye [som parte of the sayd thornes cut downe, for foddering theyre
shepe uppon the sayd grounde and som part thereof browght home to the fyer and
part to the bayles.] (Cherrye alleagithe the prqfites to be taken of the said growndes
called Heselhowe and Hawethornes from the north side of Bradehowebeake unto the
bownders of the lordshippe of Skelton, and to the said bounders betwene the saide
lordeshippes of Marske and Marrigge). [Hath sene the tenants buy Id lockes and
shepe fooldes apon the said two groundes and have hay stackes standing apon the
same.] Helmsley hymself hath had hay standing at the foote of Hawthornes and
therwith foddered his cattells sondrye years together]. [Hall hath sene Master Aske
owner of the lordship of Marryck have a stak of hay uppon Heslehowe and there used
to fodder his shepe and spaned lambes and mylked ewes uppon the sayd ground].
4. " Hath sene the bayelielye of Marrigg take awaye from the tenantes of Marske
and Skelton certaine wodde gotten in the saide parcells of grounde callide the Thornes,
and also the officers and inheritors of Marrigg have taken away linge from the tenantes
of Skelton and Marske which they hadde gotten uppon the saide growndes callide
Haselhowe and Hawethornes. (Tenants of Skelton have bene amercide in the court
held within the manor of Maryck for getting truffes and ling). [Syr Rauf Bulmer,
knt., owner of the lordshipp of Many eke gave charge to his baylyf that no tenant
of Skelton shonld carrye away turfes or lynge lest therby hys ryoltye might be
5. " Knowithe the ij springes within the lordeshippe of Marrigge callide Ferssekelde
spring and Brisselkelde spring descending and coming (into a plase callid Stelling
dubbe and soo) into Bradehowe becke.
6. " Knowithe a plase in the lordeshippe of Marrigg callide Marrigge stelling at
headde of Bradehowe beake. The saide growndes lying apon bothe sides of Brade-
howebecke from the saide stelling to the plase where the saide sprynge dothe fall
into Bradehowebecke and downe to the Hell pott ar the soile and grownde of the
51 From the breviate of Spenceley's evidence. Additions from the breviate of other
depositions are in ( ), and from the depositions themselves in [ ].
saide JoLn Sayer and Dorothe his wife, and parcell of the saide manor of Marrigge.
Hathe sene the tenantes of Marrigg fishe in Bradehowebeakc on bothe sides. (Dothe
knowe verye well the saide damme callide Marrigge stelling dubbe, which is at the
headde of Bradehowebeake, and by reasone of riding the bownder he dothe knowe
that the grounde lying next and of either side of Bradehowebeake from Hell polte
hole upwardes to the headde of Bradehowebeake & to the saide Marrigge stelling and
damme or dubbe, and on bothe sides the same where the saide springes fall into Brade-
howebeake and upp to the headdes of the saide springes is the soile or common wast
belonging to the lordeshippe of Marrigge whereof John Saier and Dorothe his wiff are
the owners). (For that he uside to kepe shepe uppon the saide groundes, he knowithe
the growndes lying adjoining on either side of Bradehowebeake from the saide Stelling
dubbe and the headde of Bradehowebeake and downe Bradehowebeake to the water of
Swale, onelye exceptinge certaine closes on the northe side of Bradehowebeake and
also upwardes to the saide springes callide Brisselkelde is the soile of the saide John
Sayer and Dorothy e his wiff.)
7. " Dothe se that the saide plase callide Marrigge stelling or Marrigge dubbe unto
the plase where the saide springes enterithe unto the saide dubbe and so forthe downe
Bradehowebeake is and continew running, and is fedde with the saide spring with
sufficient water for declaring of a bownder, and that there is water sufficient remain-
ing for all manor of cattaile to be wateride withall. Howebeit in drye tyme and som-
mer seasone the saide springes doo drye upp and then Bradehowebeake must and
dothe in some plases lye drye. (Hemesleye addithe that yet still Feresekell spring
dothe continuallye fede the Steliing dubbo and Stelling continuallye dothe serve
Bradehowebeake.) (Hakin saithe that indeede the saide defendant hathe taken awayo
one of the saide springes and turnide the same to dry ve a mill.")
Award of the Earl of Sussex. " We order that the Whyte waye called the Whyte
gate as yt extendeth from the heigh te of the moore where the heven water delyth
betwixte the manors of Marske and Skelton untill Braddowebecke, & from the ende
of the said waye, adjoyning to Braddow becke, the said Bradow becke untill the ryver
of Swale, ys the ryghte & trewe bounders betwixte the mannors of Marryke & Marske
within sixe years they shall with walle, quycke sett or other fence to be made
uppon or adjoyning to the este side of the waye called Whitegate, severe & devyde
the said mores & commons. The said severance shalbee made alonge Braddowe
becke. The course of the said becke to bee so inciyfferentlv used, that yt maye in
moste & fytteste places, by corners & boughts, sai-ve the groundes with water."
Other orders are then made about erecting boundary stones & setting out the moor
and graving turves. The wall along Whitegate was to be made at the joint expence
of the parties. Philipp was to "place certain meare-stones there for the knowledge
of the said bounders " and gave bond to Sayer for performance.
"ARTHUR PHILIPP, of Marske, Esq., v. AVERYUVEDALE of Maryke towne, Esq.
Bill addressed to the Queue our Sovcraigne Ladie and hir honorable counsell estab-
lished in the North partes. [speaks of his wife as dead, and recites Sussex's award]
Your said orator, sekinge to perfurme the said award, did cause certen greate meare
stones to be placed a lange the east parte of the said waye called Whyte gate, and
did fully rninde and intende to have proceeded in makinge the said wall. Uvedaile
myslykingc the quiett and frendlye concord and good agremcnt had betwene your
said orator and the said John Saier, and not vewinge the greate travell and paines
taken by the said Righte Honorable Earle in brynginge the said contraversye to end
COMMONS AND MOORS. 89
by his said award, and sekinge to cause your said orator and his suerties to forfaite
there said obligacion, did the first daie of June last past in the nyght tyme, beinge
accompanied with divers unknowen and evill disposed persons to the number of sex
or seaven with force and arms enter into the said more called Marske more beinge
the frehold of your said orator and did remove and carye away viij th of the said
greate meare stones." Damage 201.
ARTHURS PHILLIPPES, Esq., v. AVEREY UVEDALL, Esq., JAMES RAKESTRAY, and
HENRY FREAR Decree. Ebor. 24 Maij. 1576. "Complainte for enteringe into a
greate grounde [conteyninge by estimacion a thousande acres, betweene Bradehowe-
becke of the southe, and the moore of Skelton on the northe : and is boundid upon
the west of Whitegate, and of the east upon the olde inclosures of the manner of
of Marske,] parcel of the manner of Marske nere to Stellinge-dubbe, and also alonge
Bradhowt-beck, and to a place nere adjoyninge to away or a gayte called Whitegaite,
laitly inclosed with a greate stone wall ; and for castinge downe ryotously of eleaven
greate gappes of the wall. Defendantes have not appeared to aunswere, mynding, as
yt was alledged, to cast downe more of the wall before any order should be taken
agaynst them. Attachement ys awardyd agaynst some of them for non-appearance.
[Sussex's award recited.] Parte [of the wall] were maid by the plaintif, by force of
the award, and ys casten doune by defendantes. Orderyd by the vyce president and
counsell that defendantes, nor any for them, shall caste downe any more of the wall.
Plaintif shall at his pleasure maik upp the gappes. Quousque, &c."
Draft Answer, (either never filed, or allowed to be filed afterwards). Frear, not
guilty. Uvedale " is and was seasid in demeane, as of fee, of the thirde parte of the
niannor and lordshipe of Marrigge with th' appurtenances conteyninge by estimacion
one carucate of land, whereof the ground lately enclosid with a greate stone wall is,
and tyme out of mynde of man, alwayes haithe beene parcell. Complainant and John
Sayre of Marrigge, Esq., had of late newly erected one greate stone wall upon the
grounde, so that defendant and his tenants coulde not have egresse and regresse with
cattell to depasture ; therefore he with Rakestray his servaunt did in a quyet manner
cast down certayne gappes in the wall that his cattell might have their usuall way
into the said moore to depasture, accordinge to an awarde and decre in the court of
Chauncerye against the said John Sayer and Dorothie his wief. Without that
the defendant is by law bounde by [Sussex's] awarde and order, being a stranger
Bradhow beck seems to have been afterwards considered the great
boundary between Marske and Marrick. On the 25th of June, 1705,
an agreement was made by Lord William Powlett and John Hutton,
Esq., by which the middle stream of the beck was to be the exact
boundary, and certain minute arrangements were made about the lead
ore which might be washed down it.
In the sixteenth century there was some disagreement between the
owners of Marske and Skelton about entercommon. On Aug. 9, 37
Hen. VIII., ~Wm. Conyers, Esq., in pursuance of an award made by
Sir Wm. Buhner, kt., and Chr. Fulthorp, of Eichmond, gen., in a suit
between him and John Place, of Halnaby, Esq., grants to George Place,
VOL. v. K
son and heir of the said John, common of pasture for twenty beasts and
a hundred sheep throughout the whole lordship of Marske. This privi-
lege was given up on the 21st of October, 1622, by the then owner of
Skelton, Wm. Bower of Bridlington Key, merchant, and John his son
and heir, to John Hutton, Esq., of Marske, and Matt. Crosby of
Marske, husbandman. It appertained to the farm of West Telfit,
which is part of the manor of Skelton.
At Feldom, too, there were controversies about entercommon. In
the 14th of Edward II., in the presence of the justices at York, the
Abbat and Convent of Jervaux allow certain persons to have common
at Feldom on the north side of Clevedale beck. These persons are, Ste-
phen le Scrope rector of Marske, Harschulph de Cleseby lord of the vill,
and Robert Potter (the plaintiffs in the suit), and the other free tenants
in the place, viz., John de Marske, the Abbat of St. Agatha, Peter de
Swenythwayt, the Prioress of Marrick, Roger Bevias, Roger Bertram,
Thos. cementarius, Henry Todde, John Warni, Roger fil. Hewis, John
fil. Isold, John cementarius, heredes "Will 1 fil. Conan, and Roger de
Foresta. In the next century, Wm. Conyers having obtained the king's
writ of assize of novel disseisin 55 against Sir Richard Fitzhugh, kt., and
"Wm. Burgh touching the right of common pasture in Feldom, a royal
warrant of 10 Dec. 1482, directed Sir Richard Neel, kt., and Roger
Towneshend to hold the assize accordingly. A century later there was
another suit about the same right between Matthew Earl of Lennox
and his wife and Arthur Philip and his wife, and the earl binds himself
on the 22nd Nov. 6 Eliz. to abide by the decision of Sir Wm. Bab-
thorpe, and Peter Vavasor, Chr. Roaxby, and Wm. Tankerd, Esqrs.,
the arbitrators. What was the result I do not know.
All questions like these are now at an end, for the moors have been
divided and the rights folly ascertained and laid down. On the 12th
of May 1809, an act of parliament was passed for enclosing Marske
moor, containing 1,233 acres, and empowering John Bradford of Kirkby
Fleetham, land surveyor, to apportion it, John Hutton, Esq., being the
lord of the manor, and he, James Tate, the rector, and Thos. Errington,
Esq., of Glints, the owners of all the parish. Marrick moor was, I be-
lieve, enclosed in the 52nd of Geo. III. An eighth of the minerals
throughout the parish of Marske is reserved as a royalty.
55 See any Law Dictionary, under the word " Assize," for the exact technicalities
of this old mode of bringing about a trial of right.
ADDENDA ET CORRIGENDA. P. 2. Line 26 from top, for east read west.
P. 12. Thomas Kobinson, rector of Wycliffe, died in 1769.
P. 17. Dean Wanley married the daughter of Sir Henry, and the sister of Sir John,
P. 23. For moritur read aspicit.
P. 25. Line 10 from top, for minature read miniature.
P. 33. Addition to the Cleseby pedigree, for which I am indebted to my friend Mr.
Walbran. Robert Abbat of Fountains grants " domino Harsculpho de Cleseby
et Johanni filio Willclmi filii predicti domini H." all the land belonging to the
abbey between the common pastures of Whitker and Thorneker in Dishforth near
Ripon. Dated in 1296.
EARLY GERMAN VERSIONS OP THE BIBLE.
GKEAT interest has always been felt in this country in regard to the earliest-
printed versions of the Sacred Scriptures in our language. Many works
of great research have been devoted to this subject alone; and even
Anderson's elaborate " Annals of the English Bible" cannot be said to
have exhausted the history of our early English printed translations.
But these, however interesting they may be to English readers, were all
of a date much subsequent to the versions printed in Germany, Italy,
Flanders, and France, and even in Spain. The earliest English trans-
lation of the Scriptures was not printed till about 1526, or sixty years
after the earliest German Bible issued from the press in 1466 ; while in
Italy, Malermi's Bible was printed at Venice in 1471 ; in Flanders, we
have the version of Cologne (in the Low German), first printed about
1485 ; in France, that of Guyard des Moulins, made about the year 1294,
and first printed at Paris in 1488. Very little interest, however, has
been excited in England regarding these early translations, many of
which are very scarce, and probably no perfect series of them is con-
tained in any library. Perhaps in all England there are not twenty
copies, at the present day, of the German Bibles printed before the year
1500 ; and even their very existence seems to have escaped the research
of many English writers on the bibliography of the Sacred Volume.
We find the learned and diligent Thomas Hartwell Home apparently
ignorant of the German editions prior to those of 1530 ; for he only tells
us, at p. 88, that " so early as the year 1466 a German translation from
the Latin Vulgate was printed, the author of which is unknown." We
are the more suprised at this, as Mr. Home repeatedly quotes Le Long's
02 EARLY GERMAN VERSIONS OF THE BIBLE.
Bibliotheca Sacra, in which almost all of the twelve German editions
prior to 1500 are noted. The translation of the Bible by Martin Luther,
finished about the year 1534, is by most people in this country, and by
many, too, in Germany, thought to be the earliest existing German ver-
sion ; and in that case the English version of Tyndal can justly claim
priority. The very earliest editions of the German Bible are as rare,
and as much sought after at the present day, as are the first English
editions of Tyndal and of Coverdale ; but we have recently acquired two
copies of a somewhat later date, though still very early ; and these we
have the pleasure of submitting to the inspection of the Society, with a
few remarks on their peculiarities, and on the earliest German versions
of the Sacred Writings.
The first translation of the Bible into the vulgar tongue, north of the
Alps, was made at a very early period ; quite as soon, indeed, as the
famous version prepared from the original Hebrew and Greek, by St.
Jerome, for the use of the southern nations on the shores of the Mediter-
Ulphilas, Bishop of the Westrogoths, translated the Holy Scriptures
between the years 350 and 388 ; and, fortunately, a portion of this ver-
sion, in the Mseso-Gothic language, has come down to our times, and has
been often printed.
Other versions in more modern German approaching, indeed, closely
to the language of the printed Bibles yet remain in manuscript in
Germany. In the library of Stuttgardt, there is a translation of the
New Testament by John Yiler von Koburg, bearing date 1351.
In the Royal Library at Yienna there are two MS. versions of the
whole Bible; one in two volumes, bearing date respectively 1446 and
1464 ; and the other the well-known magnificent Bible of the Emperor
Wenceslaus, 1378 to 1400, which is ornamented with splendid minia-
In the Ducal Library at Gotha, there is another German MS. version,
in beautiful condition, and very finely illuminated. It originally came
from Munich, and was probably executed for the noble Bavarian family
of Hofer von Lorenstein, as the arms of that house appear twice in the
illuminations. There is also, in the same library, a splendid MS. ver-
sion of the New Testament, likewise brought from Munich about two
hundred years ago.
None of these manuscript versions agree, we believe, with the printed
copies ; so that it is evident that many separate versions of the Sacred
Scriptures must have been executed in Germany prior to the invention
of printing, and especially, perhaps, about the period when that great
art was struggling into existence.
EARLY GERMAN VERSIONS OF THE BIBLE. 93
1 . The earliest-printed German Bible is presumed to be of the date of
1466, though some would assign it to the year 1462. It was printed
by Henry Eggesteyn at Augsburg ; and though of great rarity, there
are at least twelve copies in existence.
2. The second Bible was printed by Mentelin, probably at the same
place and in the same year ; but some bibliographers maintain that this
is really the earliest-printed version. It differs materially from that of
3. The third German Bible is likewise from the Augsburg press, and
was printed there by Jodocus Pflanzen, about the year 1475. This is
the first Bible that is adorned with woodcuts ; but we have never had
the good fortune to see the volume. The Munich and Stnttgardt
libraries both contain copies of this version.
4. The fourth version was printed at Nuremberg, about 1475 ; and
the 5th, 6th, 7th, and 8th, at Augsburg, in 1475, 1477 (twice), and
1480. In these later versions (for such they really seem to be, and not
mere copies of other earlier-printed Bibles), the year and printer's name
first appear. We saw recently, in a bookseller's shop in London, the
Augsburg version of 1477 (No. VI.) ; but the extravagant price asked
for it placed it beyond our means. It was in fine condition, but was
not adorned with woodcuts.
9. Of the ninth German Bible, published at Nuremberg in 1483 by
Anthon Koburger, we are happy to exhibit a copy this evening. It is
in two volumes, and has yet the richly-tooled and stamped binding on
the oaken boards of the backs. The clasps still remain, and one of the
volumes retains its richly-ornamented brass corners and central boss.
The book is printed in double columns, with Roman numerals on the
pages ; and the paper is as firm and the ink as black as in any work
printed in these luxurious days of ours. It is well known that the old
printers not merely strove to reproduce in their types the calligraphy of
the ancient manuscripts, but they sought, too, by rude wood-cuts, to
emulate the miniatures with which their manuscripts were generally
adorned. The art of the illuminator had not then died out ; and they
no doubt availed themselves readily of the services of those artists whom
they were about entirely to displace. It will be seen that the initial
letters in this Bible are left blank in the printing, and afterwards filled
in by the hand ; while on the initial letters of some of the more im-
portant headings much care has been bestowed. At the commencement
of the book of Genesis there is an elaborate illumination upon a wood-
cut representing the creation of woman. This seems to have been a
favourite subject with the old illuminators ; for we find it repeated in
94 EARLY GERMAN VERSIONS OF THE BIBLE.
the Bible of 1494, and also in the Life of Christ of 1515 ; both of which
works are on the table here. Dispersed through the two volumes of
this Bible are a large number of woodcuts rude, indeed, in execution,
but of great value as examples of the costumes prevailing in Germany
in the 15th century, and throwing not a little light on the domestic
furniture and usages of that period. All these woodcuts, more than 100
in number, are coloured probably by the same hand that put in the
initial letters. The colouring is vivid somewhat like children's work
of the present day ; but it gives life to these quaint pictures. The
book of Genesis contains by far the most woodcuts, the stirring events
recorded in that part of the Sacred Volume having always afforded
a wide field for the painter. The fall of our first parents exhibits the
evil spirit twined around the tree of knowledge, but with the head
and bust of a man clothed in a scarlet garment. In the passage of the
Red Sea, the waters that overwhelm Pharoah and his host are duly
painted red. But perhaps the most extraordinary figure in the whole
book is that of the elephant of Maccabees. The animal itself was evi-
dently unknown to the painter, save by some distorted figure in illumin-
ations ; and the disproportion between the elephant, and the castle, and
men he carries on his back, is even greater than the painter's license
can claim. In the Apocalypse the artist has been most impartial ; for
amid the guilty ones of the earth he has placed a Pope with his tiara, a
Cardinal, a Bishop, an Emperor, and a King. In spite of many defects
of drawing, and a lamentable want of perspective, there is yet a degree
of dignity of expression in the features of many of the individuals re-
presented, and the stiff folds of the dresses of the females would delight
an ardent medievalist. We cannot say that all the figures are equally
dignified. The position of Moses, in the woodcut of the burning bush,
is sadly constrained and awkward. As to the language of this version,
on comparing it with that of the preceding Bibles, of all of which ver-
sions we have portions in Bahrein's work, we decidedly regard it as
superior to all that went before it. It is, throughout, rich, strong,
nervous, idiomatic German ; and we do not wonder that Luther, in his
translation of 1532, when he evidently had this version before him,
adopted from it whole phrases and sentences without alteration. With
the ready appliances and inventions for facilitating printing at the
present day, we can hardly understand the difficulties under which
the early printers laboured in perfecting their books. No wonder that
old Anthon Koburger, at the end of this Bible, thus expresses him-
self: u This praiseworthy work of the entire Holy Writ, called the
Bible, beyond all other previously-printed German Bibles, clearer,
EARLY GERMAN VERSIONS OF THE BIBLE. 95
more truthfully and closely translated into vulgar German from the
Latin text, and ornamented with beautiful figures, hath here an end.
Printed by Anthony Koburger, in the excellent imperial town of
Nuremberg, after the birth of Christ and the law of Grace the fourteen
hundreth and eighty-third year, on the Monday after Invocavit ; and,
for the happy conclusion of the same, be praise, honour, and glory to
the Holy Trinity, and One God, the Father, the Son, and the Holy
Ghost, who liveth and reigneth, God for all eternity. Amen." As to
the author of this translation, it is thought by some to have been
Nicholas Syber, a canon of Eisenbach. The learned Keysler, in his
travels in Germany, 1776, states that he saw a MS. of the Bible at
G'iatz in Styria, written by Erasmus Stratter in Saltzburg in 1469,
which exactly agreed with this version. On the fly-leaf of the first
volume of this copy, we read, in a very old German-text hand, " This
Old Testament is given to Black Wentz, a dwarf in Eger." Probably
Black Wenceslaus was a dwarf high in favour at the Bohemian Court.
In the second volume we read on the fly-leaf, " This New Testament
is given to St. Hymbert's Kirk, and to the public."
10 12. The tenth German Bible before the year 1500 was published
at Strasburg in 1485, the eleventh at Augsburg in 1487, and the twelfth
in the same town in 1490.
Before this time, the Scripture had also been translated into the Low
German or Nieder Deutsch tongue ; and two versions were printed at
Cologne before 1490. The third Low German version, of which we can
exhibit a copy, was printed in Lubeck in 1 494. It is an immensely thick
volume and in excellent preservation, but has not the original binding.
In the woodcuts and ornamentation of the initial letters we can trace a
great change from the severe simplicity of Koburger' s Bible of 1483.
The approach of the Renaissance or semi-classic style is plainly visible ;
but what the woodcuts have gained in elaboration they have decidedly
lost in expression. We have rarely seen anywhere, not even among the
liideous paintings of Teniers and Ostade, more repulsive figures than
some of those in this Bible. Their expression is heavy, gross, and sen-
sual in the extreme, though the proportions of the figures are more cor-
rect than in the Bible of Koburger. As examples of a change in costume
(for fashions varied in those days as rapidly as they do at present), the
book has considerable interest. The female headdress differs from that
of Koburger's Bible of 1483 ; but no female headgear can surpass the ex-
travagance of that of King Pharoah at the commencement of the book
of Exodus. Here the hair of the Egyptian monarch is frizzed out like
an umbrella beneath the royal crown, so as to cover the face nearly to
96 EARLY GERMAN VERSIONS OF THE BIBLE.
the tip of the nose. We would call attention, also, to the singular figure
of Moses in the opposite woodcut, where the Hebrew child, after being
saved from the waters of the Nile, is making his breakfast out of a
saucepan upon something exceedingly like sausages or black puddings.
In another plate, in the Second Book of Kings, an arquebus or handgun
is being fired from the shoulder.
As a sequel to those two fine editions of the early German Scriptures,
we would call attention to another early-printed book upon the table,
the Life of Christ, by Ludolph the Carthusian, in the Low German or
Dutch language. It is a volume in fine condition, with the original
binding and clasps ; and though printed after the commencement of the
16th century, the initial letters and illuminations are put in by hand.
The Albrecht Durer style of figure is here well-marked, but the architec-
tural details are still purely Gothic. It will be observed that the Devil,
in the Temptation of our Lord in the Wilderness, and elsewhere in the
volume, is represented with a double face, in accordance with the well-
known descriptions of his appearance at the witch- sabbaths of those days.
As a specimen of solid old binding, though of nearly a century later,
we exhibit a Flemish Bible, that of Jacob Paets, about 1630, with an
immense number of woodcuts by Christian Lichen. In spite of the
improved manipulation we greately prefer old Koburger's rude and
Of Latin early-printed Bibles we exhibit two, not much larger than
the ordinary Bibles of the present day. One was printed at Basle by the
famous Froben in 1495 ; and the other, which possesses much the clearer
type of the two, by Jerome Paganini of Brixcn, at Yenice, in 1496.
Lastly, we exhibit a pretty MS. on vellum of the four Gospels, per-
haps the work of a French scribe about the year 1 420. It was on such
copies of the four Evangelists that witnesses were formerly sworn in
courts of justice. It contains only four miniatures; but they are neatly
executed, and the whole MS. is in fine condition.
We trust we have not wearied the patience of our readers on a subject
on which all are interested the earlier editions of that Sacred Volume
which all reverence as the Inspired Word of God.
EDW. CHARLTON, M.D.
CONTENTS OF PART XVI.
I. Marske. With Illustrations.
THE REV. JAMES RAINE, M.A.
II. Early German Versions of the Bible.
EDWARD CHARLTON, ESQ., M.D.
Title Page, Contents, and Index to Volume IV.
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