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S3.50 The Copy 

Rutherford County 
Historical Society 



Winter 1977 



Rutherford County Historical Society 
Publication No. 8 


The Mordici Burgess Wade house was built in 1823, according to a 
date found on a foundation rock. Russ Stockard, a great grandson, who 
lives across the road from the old house, was the fourth generation born 
Ihere. The sketch is from an early photograph and shows the home as it 
appeared about 1900. 

A storm that came through the community in 1924 or 1925 damaged 
two or three rooms of the house and it had to be remodeled. Just recently 
the exterior of the house has been given a fresh coat of paint and the 
interior has been beautifully redecoi-ated. The house is owned by Mr. and 
Mrs. Max Carter, who reside there. 

The cover sketch was done by Mr. Jim Matheny of Murfreesboro, 
Tenn. from an old photograph furnished by Allen J. Stockard. Mr. Matheny, 
a member of the Historical Society, operated an artist- sign firm on South 
Church St. in Murfreesboro. 

The Rutherford County Historical Society would also like to express 

their appreciation to Rutherford County Judge Ben Hall McFarlin and Mrs. 

Susan R. Jones for their help in the publishing of this book. 

Murfreesboro, Tennessee 




Published by the 


P resident Dr. R obert B . Jones II I 

Vice-President Dr. Homer Pittard 

Recording Secretary Miss Louise Cawthon 

Corresponding Secretary and Treasurer Mrs. Dorothy Matheny 

P ublication Secretary Mr. Walter K . Hoover 

Directors Mr. E rnest K. Johns 

Miss Mary Hall 
Mr. R obert Ragland 

Publication No. 8 (Limited Edition- 350 copies) is distributed to mem- 
ber.s of the Society. The annual membership dues is $5. 00 (Family- $7. 00) 
which includes the regular publications and the monthly N EWSLETTER to 
all members. Additional copies of Publication No. 8 may be obtained at 
$3. 50 per copy. 

All correspondence concerning additional copies, contributions to 
future issues, and membership should be addressed to 

Rutherford County Historical Society 

Box 906 

Murfreesboro, TN 37130 


/, 8 



This volume is the eighth in a series begun in the summer of 1973. 
The Society is dedicated to the study and preservation of Rutherford County's 
history, and the publications of the organization represent a major effort to 
achieve this goal. If this issue is as well received as the first seven, then 
it will soon become a collector's item. 

The contributions in this issue show the richness of our coimty's past. 
In this Bicentennial period it is especially appropriate that these pages con- 
tain the pension application of Jordan Williford, Revolutionary War veteran, 
and the roster of Colonel Hardy Murfree-s Revolutionary War company. A 
history of the Leanna Community and a history of the Crowder family of 
Rutherford County round out this volume. In addition, a list of back num- 
bers of ou r Publication still available is included for those wishing to add 
them to their library. 

Robert B. Jones 




History of Bethel-Leanna Community 

by Mr. and Mrs. Robert M. Sanders 1 

The Crowders of Readyville, Tenn. 

by Clyde R, Crowder and Mrs. Charles H. Fay 63 

A View of the Battlefield of Stones River 
from the New York T i mes Sept. 2,1865 

furnished by Fred B rigance 75 

R ecord of Jordan Williford Revolutionary Soldier 
from records in U . S. P ension Office 

furnished by Mrs. Elvis Rushing 81 

Company R oil of Major Hardy Murfree 
Sept. 9, 1778 from National Archives 

furnished by Mrs. D. C. Daniel, Jr. 90 


prepared by Mrs. D . C. Daniel, Jr. 94 

Index 96 

List of Historical Society Members 




Mr. and Mrs. Robert M. Sanders 


The history of Bethel-Leana Community was started before the 
Historical Society announced plans for the community histories. It was 
our desire to try to help those who wanted to learn something about their 
community. We are happy to cooperate with the Historical Society in its 
worthy project. We are deeply grateful for the wonderful cooperation in 
our efforts to obtain material. 

The history has been compiled through research, contributions by 
those interested in the community and its history, and in a trek down 
memory lane. 

Mr. and Mrs. Robert M. Sanders 


Let us take you on a tour of Bethel-Leana community, show you the 
area it embraces and tell you about places and events that have contributed 
to its history. We will start where Sulphur Springs Rd. starts, at the 
Lebanon Pike - today's 231 N. out of Murfreesboro. Sulphur Springs Rd. 
curves aro\xnd many of the old farms as it winds its way through the com- 
mvinity to the west fork of Stones River. 

We always knew when we got to the Bostic place we turned left off the 
pike. There the long straight lanes began, each one led generally north or 
west and how cold in winter and hot in summer these lanes could be. They 
were bad, too, sometimes almost impassable. 

One of the first landmarks called to mind was the creek ford, where 
the horses were watered before starting the long drive home. The kids 
were allowed to wade while the horses drank. The ford is gone with time, 
having been bridged, as most of them are. There was a pretty waterfall 
of twelve inches or more near where the bridge is. Many people admired 
the little waterfall. It was especially pretty when the snows fell in winter. 

Then came the Joe P. Smith farm next to the Haynes place, where 
Mr. and Mrs. Reed Brendle live. Between these places was the double 
creek ford, where the creek ran through the fence made a horseshoe bend 
and went back into the lot. 

By this time things were picking up. Jim Hutcherson built a store 
near Battleground Drive, now Mears Street. The sign over the store read, 

"STOP AND GET YOUR FORGOTS" . This store was very convenient, 
as something would usually be forgotten and remembered on the way home. 

Next came the Vol Dill farm. The house was a story and a half. 

IV., tk 

Map of 

/^lA. v-f ,-f ^ i k.> r 

built of logs with a lean-to for the kitchen. At this point there was another 
creek ford. Then came the Cranor hill. Off to the left was the Cranor 
house which still stands. From this hill to the northeast could be seen the 
James Haynes home, Castlewood. Now we come to that long Haynes Lane, 
so hot in summer and cold in winter. At the end of this part of the road 
we turn west. A little way off the road, to the left, is the Billie Mitchell 
farm, where Mr. Sam Mitchell was born and spent most of his boyhood 

At this point the road turns north by the Rayburn place and the little 
ceraetery. On the right is the Horace Palmer farm. He was a noted lawyer 
of olden days. The place is now owned by J. I. Bowers and Mrs. Owen 

The road turns west and we come to the old Sulphur Springs from 
which the road we are traveling got its name. The rock covering around 
the spring is still intact. Changes have been made in the original road. 
This road has often been confused with the road by the same name that leads 
to the Sulphur Springs resort near Jefferson. 

Long before the road was built a little community was born about 
eight miles northwest of Murfreesboro. We are now entering this com- 
munity. It is bounded as follows: on the west by Stones River, on the 
so\jth by the river, sinking creek and Sxolphur Spgs. Rd. , east by Old Sulphur 
Springs Rd. , now known as Siegel Road; north and west to Swamp Road, west 
to present Le anna -Central Valley Road to the road known as the Joe Brown 
Road; then generally west to the Buckeye Valley Road. 

At first the community was known as Bear Wallow because the bears 

inhabited the rugged territory and came out of hibernation to sun and take 
a dip in the "bluehole", a large, deep hole of water so clear it looked blue. 
It was on the land that is now owned by Mr. Buchanan. 

When Ebenozer MacGowan, one of the early settlers in the com- 
munity, gave land for a church and school he called both the church and 
school Bethel, and changed the name of the community from Bear Wallow -y 
to Bethel. 

When a postoffice was established in the community Mr. Billie Smith, 
operator of the store where it was to be located, was asked what name to 
give the postoffice. He replied, "Leana", believing the name of Mrs. J. 
E. Stockird, wife of another of the early settlers was Leana. She was 
the former Miss Leonora Russworm, the daughter of Col. John Russworm, 
also an early citizen. She was greatly beloved by all who knew her and every- 
one spoke of her as "Miss Lee", Mr. Smith had known someone by the name 
of Leana who was called Miss Lee. Thinking this was ture with Mrs. 
Stockird, he suggested the name of Leana for the postoffice. The name con- 
tinued to be used after the postoffice was closed and until this day the com- 
munity is known as Bethel-Leana community. 

Now that we know something about the location of the community, its 
boundaries, and how it got its name, let's go further down the road and 
learn something about its homes and its people. We do not presume to be 
able to give exact boundary lines, amount of acerage on farms, nor all fam- 
ilies at given locations throughout the area. We endeavoring the acquaint 
you with some of the first citizens and land owners by locating their pro- 
perty through present ownership. 

On the left, as we enter the community, is the home of Mr. and Mrs. 

Edward L. Jordan, Sr. The house is on part of the Billie Mitchel] place. 
Across the road is one of the many new homes being erected, an example 
of the growth and development taking place throughout the area. 

Names of the earliest settlers we have found, who lived within the 
bounds of the community are Bowman, Elliott, Russworm, Stockird, 
MacGowan and Wade. 

Beginning somewhere near the community boundary line on the east 
and covering a large territory was the Wade settlement. John Wade and 
two of his brothers, William and James, immigrated, with their families, 
from Maryland to Rutherford Cotinty prior to 1820. They became large 
land owners, acquiring immense wealth, and also became patrioch of a num- 
ber of offspring who have become widely scattered in this county and state. 

We are driving west past the Presbyterian Campground where, for a / 
number of years, people of different denominations gathered for a few weeks 
during the summer months for worship and Bible study. The Campground 
was on land known today as the T. A. Jamison farm. There was also a 
Presbyterian church in this area. 

As we drive past the Campground we come to the Ross place, on the 
right, formerly Wade property, where the George Walkup family settled 
when they came to this community in 1901. Mr. Walkup built a house on the 
property in 1906. It was a very attractive home, with beautiful shade trees 
on the lawn. In later years the place became the property of Mr. Walkup 's 
daughter, Mrs. Florence Walkup Brown. Mr. and Mrs. Foster Vaught have 
a home on the Walkup, Ross Wade land, as do the Ralph Goes and others. 
The remainder of the farm has been sold to Obrien Realty Co. and is being 
developed into home sites. 

Off to 1.he left we see the "Mitchell Farm", as it was called for many 
years, it being the home of Mr. Sam Mitchell. The property belonged to 
a Carney before Mr. Mitchell owned it. At least a part of it was Wade 
land at one time, as evidenced by the fact that Richard W. Wade mentioned 
in his will his "Carney Tract". However, it later came into Mr. Sam 
Mitchell's possession. The land joined the property of his father, Billie 
Mitchell. It was here "Mr. Sam", married. Many have owned acerage and 
lived on the land. The Thomas Becton home is where the Carney house 
stood. It is now on Thompson Lane. A part of Riverview Drive is on Mit - 
chell- Carney -Wade land. 

Until the last three or four years one would have to be very careful 
when driving further down the SiiLphur Springs road because if followed the 
river for some distance. At this point there was a dangerous curve, and 
on one side a drop of 20 to 40 feet to the water. During heavy rains the 
water rose to great depths, making the road impassable, and driving haz- 
ardous. This was eliminated when Obrien Realty Co. , at the request of 
many citizens of the community, closed this segment of the road and 
opened a new link a few hundred yards north of the closing point. It 
crosses Thompson Lane connecting with Sulphur Springs Road to the right 
at the T. A. Jamison farm, on the left near the bend of the river. Several 
houses have been built on the new loop of road, among them the attractive 
home of Mr. and Mrs. Robert Ragland, a two- story log structure. The 
place is called "Rooster Hill". Near the location of the Ragland home 
stood the old Ross house, many years ago. It, too, was a log structure 
built along the plans of its day . 

As we enter the original road, and follow its trail further into the 

community, wc pass, on the left, the home of Mr. and Mrs. Aubrey Thompson, 
near the banks of Stones River. A short distance down the road is the home 
of Aubrey's parents, Mr. and Mrs. D. W. Thompson. Here we will stop 
for a few minutes and view the surrounding territory . The place where Mr. 
and Mrs. Thompson live is the homestead of John Wade, Sr. , one of the 
brothers who immigrated from Maryland. At his death the homestead was 
inherited by his youngest son, Richard W. Wade and another son, Henry 
C. Wade. This place has been in multiple possession, some of the owners 
having lived on parts thereof. Among those owning the property were F. R. 
Burris, S. H. Mitchell, E. B. Hunt, B. L. Ridley, J. A. and Doc Thomas, 
W. H. Christopher and W. E. Tilford. Mr. Thompson purchased the place 
from G. Y. Smith. 

At his death in 1880 Richard W. Wade owned a large acerage in dif- 
ferent sections of the county. His land in this area was sold in six tracts, 
bought by G.C. Batey, N. C. Collier, James Moore, E.K. Thomas, and 
E. B. Hunt. Those living on the homeplace of John Wade, Sr. , in addition 
to D. W. Thompson, are Aubrey Thompson, A Ivin Hudson, and W. B. Atchley. 
The land extended to the river. There are records showing John Wade, Sr. 
bought the other land in this immediate area. 

Across the lane, now River Road - according to legal papers "opened 
for the benefit of all the lots" - is property once owned by Mordici Burgess 
Wade, another son of John Wade, Sr. He owned a large tract of land. The 
main body was known as his homeplace upon which he resided at his death. 
It contained eight or nine hundred acres of land, bound in general terms as 
follows: "on the north by J. E. Stockird and others; on the east by Julius 
C. Wade and others; on the south by W.R. and H. C Wade; and on the west 

by James Mayberry, C M. Miles and others. " 

The homeplace contained land he purchased from the estate of John 
C. Wade; from O. H. Wade; William Smith; two tracts from his late father, 
John S. Wade, Sr. ; a portion from the estate of William Elliott; another 
from the Weakley estate, bought jointly by Mordici and his brothers, Rich- 
ard W. and Henry C. Wade. The balance of said home tract was purchased 
from persons not known but was in his possession for more than 20 years 
before his death. He also owned land in other locations. It was stipulated 
in his will that his real and personal property not be divided for two years 
after his death. About two years later commissioners were appointed to 
make divisions of said lands, setting out to R. W. and H. C. Wade their por- 
tion of the Weakley tract, and to the children of M.B. Wade their respec- 
tive portions of the whole estate. 

The tract where his home stands contained 607 acres and extended 
from the River Road to the present Shacklett Rd. At his sale, land in this 
tract was purchased by N. C. Collier and James C. Moore. In 1905 N. C. 
Collier sold his interest to J. A. Jones, in 1916 James A. Moore sold his 
interest to Mr. Jones. Jones, Collier and Moore owned the land exclusively 
for 40 years. Mr. W. W. Vaught came in possession of a portion of the land 
in 1885. He sold to T. A. Jamison, who sold it to Mr. Jones in 1920. 

Among those living on the property today are, facing River Rd. Mr. 
and Mrs. Jack Jones, Mr. and Mrs. Allen Jones, and the Allen family, 
the Allen property was once owned by W. W. Vaught, later by the Schell 
family. Fronting the Sulphur Springs Road are the homes of the Eubanks, 
Buggs, B.T. Walkups, Mary Fann and Johnnie Eakes, Mrs. Tom Arms 


down the road. 

To our right is property known as the Gran Batey place. It joined 
the Ross-Walkup (formerly Wade property) on the south. This plot of 
ground was bought in three tracts, Ninety-nine acres from the estate of 
R.W. Wade, forty acres from S.H. Mitchell, which he bought from F.R. 
Burris, ninety- six acres bought by Mrs. Gran Batey from Thomas Miller. 
Mrs, Howard Primm lives at the Batey homeplace. The house, more than 
150 years old, was torn down and replaced by a beautiful modern home a 
few years ago. The old house is thought to have probably belonged to the 
Col. William Wade estate, since he is known to have owned this property 
at one time, or to the previous owner, Major Joel Dyer. 

Others who have owned it are E. H. Burton, C. M. and W. E. Stockard. 
T. A. and Lee Jamison. The land was divided into many smaller tracts. 
Jim Sloan owned acreage on the southern border, which he sold to E. O. 
Peel. It was later bought by Mr. and Mrs. G. E. Knight and sold by them 
to Mr. and Mrs. Robert Jennings. Mrs. Jennings still ownes the property. 
Mr. Sloan also sold a parcel of land to Mr. Joe Brewer, where Mrs. Brewer 
lives. F.B.Arms, James (Buck) Arms, Jack Arms and Jack Davis fam- 
ilies are other present day owners. 

Next is land owned by Mr. and Mrs. John B. Jones, where Mr. and 
Mrs. Frank Clifton and Mrs. Mary Arms live. It was once Tom Zumbro 
property. Little Ranch Acres, the first housing project in the community, 
was formerly owned by Mr. and Mrs. Lum Gannon, prior to them by Mr. 
Gail Tomberlain. The Lloyd Adams farm joins Little Ranch Acres on the 
north and is adjacent to Alford Road. 

This land is not specifically mentioned as part of the Wade property 

but from iaformation in deeds and from individuals, it seems likely that 
Col. William Wade, or some member of the Wade family, owned most, if 
not all, of this large tract of land. There is a Wade cemeteiry on the F. B. 
Arms property where Col. William Wade, his wife, Casandra Jones Wade, 
and members of their family are buried. Among tiiem is a daughter, 
Caroline Wade Watkins, and her husband. Col, Wilson S. Watkias. On the 
bill of sale of the Col. William Wade estate, Oct. 14, 1849, it was noted 
that he bought this land from Major Joel Dyer. Deeds on record in the court- 
house verify this statement. Col. W, L. Watkins also owned land in this 
vicinity, according to deeds. 

Mrs, Tom Arms and Mrs. Bea Arms (Miss Tom and Miss Bea, as 
they are so lovingly known) live across from the Adams place, on Sulphur 
Springs Rd. We are again seeing a part of the Mordici Wade land. Across 
from this tract is other land belonging to him, now owned by a descendant, 
Russ Stockard. It extends to the Allen Road, 

As we come down the road and round another of those numerous curves 
we see still more of the Mordici Wade property, passing the new home of 
the Gilberts, the homes of Mr, and Mrs. Wayman Arms, Roy Arms, Buddy 
Arms, and River Oaks, the second housing project started in the community. 

Next is one of the oldest and most beautiful houses in Bethel-Leana 
community, the homeplace of Mordici Wade. Its huge columns, spacious 
and attractive structure has been admired by many passers-by. It was 
for a number of years the home of the Allen James family. Mrs. James 
was Texana Wade, daughter of Mordici. She came in possession of this 


tract in the division of her father's estate. Russ Stockard, a groat grandson, 
lived here for several years, until he and Mrs. Stockard built their home 
across the road. The Max Carter family live at the Wade homeplace now. 

Just down the road is the trailer home of the White family. Their 
neighbors are the Neals, Dockerys and other families not known. 

Opposite these homes is property at one time owned by Walter Wade, 
one of the fifteen children of William and Cassandra Jones Wade. He died 
in 1849 and the land was owned by other people. On his parcel of land fac- 
ing Sulphur Springs Road are the home of the Lee Brewers, Leana Church 
of Christ, and the homes of B. T. Lane and the Robert Lane family. 

Across from his property, as we round another curve, is the old Bowman 
place. Early records show this land was purchased from Thomas Bedford 
and Robert Weakley, and was part of a grant from North Carolina. It is said 
to be the first Deed of Conveyance made in the newly formed county of Ruth- 
erford in its first session of County Court in 1804. Living on the Bowman 
land fronting Sulphur Springs Road are James Boyd Gannon, J. W. Tomber- 
lain, and Ernest Tomberlain families. The Riley Marlins lived at the J. W. 
Tomberlain place for many years. 

Joining Bowman on the north, also Walter Wade on the north, was 
Ebenezer MacGowan. On March 14, 1817, MacGowan bought 1184 acres of 
land from Alpha Kingsley for the sum of $2, 500, a little over$ 2. 00 an acre. 
According to the deed, the land lay between the east and west forks of Stones 
River, a few miles south of the town of Jefferson, bounded by John AlcNairy, 
Joseph Moderall, and Robert Weakley. It was a tract of land granted by the 
state of North Carolina to Robert Weakley and Thomas Bedford in 1801, and 
conveyed to Alpha Kingsley by Robert Purdy by deed bearing the date of 


July 15, 1813. 

Bethel Methodist Church, and parsonage, a store and a number of 
homes have been established on the MacGowan land to the right of the road. 
Opposite the store is Bethel School and next to the school is the home of 
Billie Reid. The MacGowan house stood on the now vacant lot between the 
homes of Billie Reid and his father. Tommy Reid. 

The house was built in 1817 by Mr. MacGowan with logs out of timber 
cut from the still dense forest. Rooms were later added on the front by 
J. E. Stockird, son-in-law of Ebenezer MacGowan. The stately old house 
stood for a long time on the large, shady lawn but was torn down several 
years ago. Within its walls were found records that revealed information 
of interest. 

The last direct descendant to live in the house was Mattie Stockird 
Hunt (Mrs. J. W. Hunt). She lived there for thirty- five years. The house 
was later occupied by Mr. and Mrs. John Buchanan, then by the Marcos 
Vaughter family. Mrs. Vaughter out-lived her family by a number of years 
and lived at the MacGowan house for the remainder of her life. Mr. and 
Mrs. Tommy Reid and family were the last people to live in the old house. 
The building was bought by Martin Rooker and is part of the log house near 
the Lebanon Road, occupied by he and his family. 

Joining Tommy Reid is the Charlie Ross home. The house was built 
many years ago for Mr. Jim Burnett, who lived there at various times. 
T. R. White lived in the house for a while. Mr. and Mrs. T. W. Cox bought 
the place in 1919. These families operated the country store, the only store 
in the community at that time. Ronnie Ros.s lives next to his father and 
operated a barber shop in his spare time. Down the road and around the 

corner on the left are the homes of the B uchanans and Willie Peyton Young. 

The MacCxOwan land joined the Elliott property on the west. The Elliotts 
are known to have been here since around 1801. A record has been found 
of land bought by John Elliott that was part of a soldier's claim by the name 
of James Frick. The Elliott's were also large land owners. Their land in 
this community extended from McGowan's line to Stones River . The first 
house on Elliott land, joining Willie Peyton Yoirng home is one of the oldest 
houses in this area, the T. A. Stockird homeplace. It is known to have been 
built prior to 1816. Ebenezer MacGowan lived here for awhile before build- 
ing his house. Several of the Stockird descendants have lived at the old home- 
place. It was later owned by Mr. and Mrs. Jack Howse. Mr. and Mrs. 
Williams live there and across from the Buchanans, Young and Stockird 
places are the homes of Mr. and Mrs. Elmer Dickerson, Mr. and Mrs. 
Jack Tomberlain, Mr. and Mrs. Herschel Tomberlain, R. M. Miers, and 
others who have recently moved into the community. 

Next, on the left beyond the Stockird place, is the Elliott homeplace. 
The old house, built of logs, consisted of two rooms with a story above one 
room, and an outside staircase. The house is gone but an old pear tree in 
the yard still bears fruit. Pieces of dishes, earthenware, and cookware can 
be found in the yard. The last family to have lived in the house were a Mr. 
Reartoe and his widowed daughter, Mrs. Anna O'boy. About 200 yards 
northeast of the house is the family burying ground, where most of the 
Elliott family, and probably friends and neighbors were buried. Most of 
the old places of that day had a cemetery nearby where family and friends 
were laid to rest. 

Embracing most of the Elliott homeplace is land bought by Drury J. 

Sanders, a few years after he returned from service in the Civil War. 
The first house he built was two log rooms with an open hall between. Other 
rooms have been added from time to time. A grandson still lives at the 
old home. Dury J. Sanders married Frances Jane Stockird, on November 
12, 1860. She was the daughter of James E. Stockird and Lucy MacGowan. 
James E. Stockird was the son of Jane Elliott and William Alonzo Stockird. 
Among other Elliott descendants who lived in the immediate area were Mary 
Elliott, who married Captain William Smith, Eleanor Elliott, married 
William Arnold, James, John, William, Catherine, and A Iford Elliott, all 
descendants of William and Debroah White Elliott. 

Joining the Sanders place, as we continue toward the river, is land 
once owned by George and Amanda Elder, which they bought from Zachery 
Dismukes. It has been sold in several plots and a number of houses have 
been built on the one-hundred acre tract. 

Adjoining the Elder property was the Zachery Dismukes place, once 
owned by Mr. and Mrs. John G. Stockard. It was previously owned by Mr, 
and Mrs. Percy Jarrett. Mrs. Jarrett is the daughter of Zathery T. and 
Lockie R. Stockird Dismukes. Another daughter, Hattie and her husband, 
Harry Smith, lived in an attractive stone house they built on a knoll and a 
few hundred yards southwest of the old Dismukes home. Mr. and Mrs. 

Creel have built a lovely new home just north of the rock house, so many 
houses, old and new have been erected on Elliott land. 

Levi Wade, at one time, owned the land across the road adjacent to 
the river. He purchased it from the estate of James Elliott and later sold 
it to Richard W. Wade. The tract covered a large acreage on the north side 
of the road, including the "Arthur Place", mentioned in the will of Richard 

W. Wade. It is known as the D. C. Vaughter place, and is the northwest 
border of the commijnity. The Bob Davis, Bob Cook, Harvey Clark (formerly 
the Sumner Dismukes place) and the Jim Taylors at Suits-Us Farm are among 
the families who have lived or are living on this part of the Elliott property. 

Much of the land that constitutes Bethel-Leana community is on roads 
leading from Sulphur Springs Road. Between the east boundary, where we 
entered the community, and Stones River, the west boundary, there are 
five roads on the right- -old Sulphur Springs, now Siegel Road, Alford, 
formerly Brandon Lane, Allen Road, and Swamp and Buckeye Valley Roads . 
On the northern border is the Joe Brown Road, connected with Swamp Road 
by a part of Central Valley Road, 

On the old Sulphur Springs Road was the home of Judge Joseph 
Lindsey. He, too, owned a large acreage, at different times, in various 
parts of the community. His home place extended across what is now 
Thompson Lane. There is record of his having bought a small tract of land 
in this area from W. L. Watkins, and two tracts, containing more than 
300 acres, from the estate of William Wade. Tract #3 of Joseph Lindsey 
land was bought from his estate by Thomas Miller, which he later sold to 
Mrs. Granville Batey, 96 acres and is part of the land owned by Mrs. 
Howard Primm. The Lindsey land was bound on the east by Palmer property, 
now owned by J. I. Bowers. The present Sulphur Springs Road borders the 
land on the south. Roads and lines have been changed since the early set- 
tlers bought their land, making it difficult to establish boimdary lines as 
they were originally. Many of the old deeds mentioned Murfreesboro Road, 
but not the road to Murfreesboro just as we know it today. 

In his will. Judge Lindsey spoke of his Mansion House, his home on 


old Sulphur Springs Road. A citizen of the community remembers being 
in the old house in the early 1900 's. It had 15 or 20 rooms then. ?Ie remem- 
bered hearing some of the older people say several of the rooms had been 
torn away because they were so dilapidated. Only a small part of the old 
mansion house remains. Camillas SimSj Arthur Bass, Ed and John Hooper 
have owned the property. Today Stan Hooper and his family live in a beauti- 
ful modern home on the same grounds. 

Not far from the Lindsey property was the home of T. G. Miles. The 
house faced present Thompson Lane, then known as the Batey, Miles, or 
Sims road. It was a beautiful structure of its day. Mr. Miles was lovingly 
known as "Uncle Tom" by kinsfolk and friends. For many years they 
enjoyed meeting at his home on the Sunday nearest his birthday, which was 
usually Mother's Day, to celebrate with him his Special Day. There was 
always a huge basket dinner spread on the spacious lawn. These gatherings 
were always memorable events, but one e.xpocially will long be remembered. 
A bountiful dinner had been spread by the large crowd present. Each one 
was ready, with plate in hand, to enjoy the delectable feast when a sudden 
downpour of rain sent them scampering hither and thither trying to save the 
food, and themselves, from a drenching rain. 

There were several more acres of the Miles property with frontage 
on the Bun Jolins Lane. The land has been sold in smaller percels upon 
which new homos have been constructed. 

Eddie Jordan joins the Miles place. His land includes acreage extend- 
ing to the Cherry Road and embracing the farms once known as the Theo- 
dore place, better known as the Dockery home, and the Cas and 
WilHam Stockard place, the old Adams property, where Eddie and his 


family live. 

The Driver Trailer Court also faces Bun Johns J^ano, which con- 
nected with the Swamp Road at the John L. Rooker place. This segment 
has been named West Compton Road. Next is the beautiful new home of 
Frank and Ann Stone. 

On the Alford (or Brandon) Road, coming from the Bun Johns lane, 
are the homes of Richard Mingle, Gary and Patsey Moore and Golden Moore, 
who lives at one of the oldest places in this area, the old Brandon homeplace, 
previously the home of Mr. and Mrs. J. W. Hunt. The old deed states the 
land was part of lots #3 and #4 in the division of the estate of John O. Wade. 
Much of the land in this area was Wade land. Others living on the Alford 
Road are Roger and Sue Austin, the Blansetts, Hubert McColough, B. B. 
Wheeler, James Drake, and Hoyte Mingle. Hoyte's grandfather, George 
Mingle, was one of the older settlers. He lived on this road, near Hotye's 
home. Mrs. Loyd Adams lives on the corner of Alford and Sulphur Springs 
Road. In this vicinity is property owned years ago by the Hollowell family. 
On the right as we come to the Sulphur Springs Road is land owned by Russ 
Stockard, once Mordici Wade property. 

The Shelia Adams family own the farm on the Allen Road 
adjacent to the Bun Johns Lane, re-named at this point Leana Road. The 
Bennett's, Pointers, and William and Shirley Mingle are among those who 
have built lovely new homes on Allen-Cherry Road. Shirley operates a beauty 
shop in her home. On the right is the John T. Allen property, bought by 
John's grandfather, J. J. Allen, in 1877 from the Julius C Wade estate. 
It was bound by O. H. Wade, land once owned by M. B. Wade, Mrs. John 
C. Wade, Leroy Wade, and J. E. Stockird. Mr. Allen later married Mrs. 


Julius C . Wade. 

Originally a log cabin stood on the land, similar in Construction to 
the houses of the day. In 1830 Mr. Wade built a beauliful new house. He 
ordered the finest of lumber from Philadelphia. It was shipped by rail to 
Florence, Tenn. The house was one of the most attractive in the community 
depicting the beauty and charm of an era that is past. It stood as a landm.ark 
for more than 100 years. 

Mr. Allen was the owner of fine stock. In 1897 he went in his buggy 
to the World's Fair in St. Louis, driving one of his fine horses. It took 
about a month to make the trip. 

The Andrew Jackson Trail, the road Andrew Jackson followed on his 
trips to Washington, crossed the Allen farm and continued to the Compton 
Road, crossing the Lebanon Road near where the V. A. Hospital is located. 

Mr. and Mrs. Tom Allen, John's father and mother, spent their entire 
married life on this farm. It was Mr. Allen's childhood home. In 1906 a 
tract of land across the road was bought by Mr. Allen from Allen James. 
It was Mordici Wade property. 

Next to John's home is the 100 acre tract owned by Plarry and Ann 
Ward, a part of the Walter Wade land. It has been divided into several 
smaller plots. Among those living there are James B. and Julius Ward. 

Joining the Ward acerage are the homes of Mr. and Mrs. Hobart Reid, 
Mr. and Mrs. Roger Hale, Mr. and Mrs. Charles Bullock, on Walter Wade's 

Across the road is the northern border of Mordici Wade land belong- 
ing to Russ Stockard. Parallel to the road is the Wade slave buring ground, -y 
One of the graves is that of Martin Wade, a servant of many of the Wade 


descendants. He was born in a log cabin on the place. Here he lived his 
entire life and raised his family in the house where he was born. 

The Hoyte Sanford land borders Leana Road on the right, between 
Allen and Swamp Roads. A few hundred yards from the Sanford farm are 
homes of Mr. and Mrs. James Shipp, the Scotts, and other families who 
reside at Bethel-Leana. 

The Wendell Rooker heirs own acreage on the left as we turn onto 
the Swamp Road. Joining this land is the Odell place, the home of Mr. and 
Mrs. Raymond Tarpley. Mr. and Mrs. J. W. Hunt lived here several 
years. According to Mr. and Mrs. Tarpley's records it was once owned by 
J. E. Stockird. 

Robert Jenkins, Aaron Hunter, Dot Cantrell, W. T. Mullins, Calanus 
Wrather, Mrs. Andrew Mays, Kelly Ross, Zion Hill Baptist church and 
parsonage are on land owned by Ebenezer MacGowan. His property on this 
road extended from the Jenkins place south to Walter Wade line, thence 
west to Sulphur Springs Road. 

Across the Swamp Road from Leana Road is the home of Mr. John 
L. Rooker., where Mrs. Nodie Barrett lives. The Lawrence Barrett place 
is also on John L. Rooker land. The Sam Wrather home on Haynes property, 
Mr. and Mrs. Hurt on Robert Wrather land, Jesse Young families at Simeon 
Hunt place, Mrs. Sallie Barrett on Will Atkinson property are some of the 
people residing on the right-hand side of Swamp Road. Now we come to 
Central Valley Road. Here are the homes of the Johnnie Russell family 
and Mrs. Mahaffey, who joins the Joe Brown Road. Johnnie and Vernie 
Harrell border it on the north. Living further down the road just outside 
bounds of the community but attending church here are the Willie Russell 


and C. C. Barrett families. 

On the Joe Brown Road are the homes of Joe Brown and many of his 
descendants and John Swader and many of his descendants. It connects 
with Buckeye Valley Road. 

Joe Brown is the oldest bJack citizen in the community, having spent 
most of his ninety years here. He is the son of ?Tosea and SalJie Huddleston 
Brown. John Swader is another of the older black citizens. , 

Mj'S. Charlie Wrather's homeplace is on the corner of Leana-Central 
Valley and Swamp Roads. The original owner of the tracts land on this side 
of Swamp Road has not been definitely determined. Mrs. Wrathe^r's pt-o- 
perty joins Tri-Way Market, on ihe corner of Sulphur Springs and Swamp 
Roads. Mr. and Mrs. Brown, who operate the market, live in the ne.xt 

Buckeye Valley or Buckeye Bottom is the namt^ given the next road on 
the right. It is adjacent to the McElroy place, which fronts Su]phur Springs 
Road. Mr. and Mrs. Benton Hestand and family live in the first house on 
Buckeye Valley Road. Among other families on this part of the road are the 
Rhodens, Goods, Hutchisons, Tomlins, Halls and Barretts, l^uckeyo VaJh^y 
Road continues to the b'red Gannc^n farm. Here it turns Jefl and crosses a 
hill, forming a curve and connecting with Sulphur Springs Road betw(;en (he 
property of JoJm Stockard and J. W. Taylor. Some of the families on this 
loop of the road are the Watleys, Kimbros, Frank Maynards. Eltner T,owcrys 
Jack Browning and J. N. Spears. 

There are only two I'oads leading from Sulphur Springs Road on th(^ 
left. The first, coming from Murfreesboro, is River Road, which has 
already been d(;scribed as lying between the Richard W. Wade and MtirdJci 


Wade property. 

The Shack) ott Road was known at one time as Miles Road beca nso the 
only places located there were those of the Miles families and their scn-vants. 
It was called by this name for many years, even after other homes wi-r-e 
established. Later it was caUed Two- Mile Road, being two nijl(\s in length. 
More recently, when the County did some work on the road, jt got its pre- 
sent name. The road lies between the Mordici Wade and Joseph Bowman 
property, as it was once known. The Mordici Wade will states his land was 
bound on the west by "James Mayberry, C. M. Miles and others" . 

The Mayberry and Hill families were closely related, both families 
lived at the same location for several years. It was known by some as the 
Mary Jane Hill place. This was the only place in the community where water 
was known to have bef?n obtained from an old open well, drawn by a well sweep. 

Today on tlic^ Mordici Wade property, with frontage on Shacklett Road, 
are a number of houses and trailer homes. The Byrd family and the Toombs 
families live here, to name a few. 

The Bowman property is best known as the George Tomberlain place. 
The old house burned several years ago. Mr. Tomberlain bought the place 
from the Thompkins heirs. It was owned at one time by James and Viola 
Thompkins, Mrs. Tompkins was the daughter of John Bowman, granddaughter 
of Joseph Bowman. As with so many places, the land has been divided into 
smaller tracts on which new houses are being erected. Down the ShackleU 
Road from the Tomberlain place is the home of Mrs. Virgie Puckett May- 
field, also on Bowman Property. The Joseph Bowman land joined the Miles 
land on the west. 

The A.C. Shacklett farm will be remembered by many as the Cas Miles 


place, which ho inlierited from his father, Caswell M. Miles, Sr. Mr, 
and Mrs. Shacklctl lived there a number of years. Mr. Shacklett operated 
a dairy 

The Ru.ssworm place, as it was known by the earlier settlers, joined 
the Miles-Shacklett farm on thc> north. It also belonged to Mr. Cas Miles, 
Sr. The Russworm family was living on the Lebanon Road, where Murfrees- 
boro Airporl. is located, during the years of the Civil War. While the menfolk 

were in service the mother and daughters were living alone. They harl 
many unhappy experiences. The Yankees destroyed Iheir property . broke 
info their house and ate their food. One of the Russworm daughters, I. aura 
(later Mrs. Rihw Marlin), was digging potatoes one day when a Yankee 
soldier came to pilfer and plunder. Laura ordered the soldier to leave and 
when he did nol , she sho1 him. He took her gun nnd returned to the camp 
to report the shooting. Mrs. Russworm went to the camp and talked to the 
Provost marshal. He made Ihe soldier return the gun and told Mrs. Russ- 
worm if the soldiers annoyed them again to shoot them, they had no right 
to steal food. 

Finally the situation became such that Mr. Caswell Miles, Sr. moved 
the Russworm family to a house on his place for protection. Mrs. Russworm 
was Mrs. Miles' mother. The property spoken of so often as Russworm pro- 
perty was bound on the north by Elder and Sanders, east by Sanders and 
Miles, south by C. M. Miles, and on the west by the road. The house was 
built of logs. Th(>re were two rooms and an open hall, with a stairway lead- 
ing from the hall to Ihc upstairs rooms. 

It was later kiiown as the Bell place. Mr. Bell married .Sara Miles, 
daughter of Cas Miles. Sr. She inherited the property from her fa1 Iter's 

The T. A. Stozkarc JfcBie— Ccnstructed nrior to 1816. 

Home of the late Z. T. Disnukes— Circa 184C. 


Betiifil r*:thodist Q-.uixh 

Tonberlain Gi:ocer\- — Owner Emiist Tcrtoerlain en portii. \y 

. !!ill— Baptist QrurtSi on aranp Boad 

Bethel Sdiool — Now closed. 

"Vhe Seward Horoe — Fran left: Mr. and Mrs. Ed Seward, 
^teggie Sewarc Cilburtscn, and James T. Sarard, 

Bowman Hemp (Land Grant 1801) - Mr. and Mrs. James Tcnpkins. 

Ward's Mill (circa 1880). 

Mill ttouse - Mr. and Mrs. Lassiter, cwn and coerate mill. 

Julius C. Wade House (circa 1310) - Qtma Collier on porch, <snter. 

Ebenezer Macgovan (1767-1850) 


estate. They sold to Mr. O.C. Alley, who sold to Jacob Robinson. The 
Robinson heirs sold to Buddy and Riggs Norris. Mr. Clyde Hall purehased 
the land from the ISTorris brothers. It changed hands a coupic or more limes 
and today it is .Toneswood Estates, another of the housing projects being 
developed in the community. Originally it was land given to Mary Elliott 
by her mother, DeborahEllioit, as a part of the Elliott estate. 

Next lo this property, on land that belonged to Gc^orgc and Amanda 
Elder, is the trailer home of Willie Ike Victory, and the home of his son- 
in-law and daughter, Mr. and Mrs. Hobart Parker, on the corner of 
Shacklctt and Sulphur Springs Road. Tom and Anna Woods lived here at one 
time and operated a saw mill. All of the land at this p<jint on Sulphur Springs 
Road south to Stones River was Elliott property, as shown by maps and legal 

The home of Caswell Miles, Sr. was across the road and southwest 
of the Russworm place. It extended to the river on the south and west and 
was bound on the north by Z. T. Dismukos. 

The Miles house has been described as a stately old house, with tra- 
ditional charm. A beautiful wedding was solemnized here, that of Almyra 
Miles, daughter of Caswell M. Miles, Sr. and Sara Russworm Miles and 
Thomas Alonzo Stockird, son of James E. and l/ucy MacGowan Stockird. 
It was atlc^nded by a large assf^mblage of relatives and friends. Following 
Ihe ceremony a wedding supper was given at the home of the bride's parents. 
The next evening another huge wedding supper was enjoyed at the home of 
the groom's parents. People from miles around were invited. Rolh occas- 
sions were remembered for years by those who were present, and by those 
to whom the incidents were related years later. No doubt planning and pre- 


paring these affairs involved many people. 

The old MjJes house burned. It was replaced by anoihc^r bu! smaller 
house. In IDOf) the land was purchased by Mr. Harding Hays. The famiJy 
moved io the place on February 14, 1907. In 1925 Mr. Hays built an 
attractive brick house on the property. Today it is the home of Mr. and 
Mrs. Reece Hays. Recce has acquired acreage adjacent to thai owned by 
his father, namely the Louis Miles property and the HiJliary Elder property, 
the latter a part of the land owned by George and Amanda Elder. Mr. and 
Mrs. Hay's son, Bobby, and his family live on adjoining farms. 

Land on this side of Shacklolt Road from Sulphur Springs Road south 
to the river was also originally Elliott property. It was part of a large body 
of land owned by James Elliott at the time of his death, and was part of a 
grant to William ElJiott from the state of North Carolina. It was conveyed 
to James Elliott about the year 1820. 

Other families have called this community "home". Although all of 
the homes past or present have not been listed, we trust a fair picture^ of 
the area has been given by naming some of the citizens of today to help 
establish the location of homes of some of the early settlers, who chose the 
liitlc community of Bear Wallow and helped develop it into the present-day 
Bethel- Leana community. 

Information on the early .families has been obtained through research 
and material furnish(^d by individuals. On the Wade families and lands Ihey 
owned, help was given by Mr. D.W. Thompson, F. B. Arms, Mrs. Howard 
Primm, John T. Allen, Mrs. Florence Wajkup Brown, Mrs. Roberts. 
Edwards and Russ Stockard, the last two named being descendants of the 
Wade family; Joseph Bowman, legal papers and from E.C. Tomberlain; 


Russworm family, Russ Stockard, MiJton Stockard, Russworm dosccMidanls, 
and Mrs. Williatn Walkup, wife of another descendant; MarGowan and FiJljott 
family records, and legal information furnished by Rc<;ce Hays, who livens 
on Elliott land; Joseph I^indscy, through legal papers. 

FolJowing is a short biography of a few of the earliest s(^tt]ers- we were 
able to obtain, a descendant, and a prominent citizen for a few months: 


Joseph Lindsey was born Apri] 4, 1804. His parents, Caleb and 
Temperance Lindsey, were born in Granville County, North Carolina. It 
is not known just when (he family came to Rutherford County, but Ihey are 
known to have been here by 1838 and thought to have been here earlier. 

He became a minister in the Methodist Church in 1825. His work as 
a ininister received favorable coTnmcnt in the writings of .John B. McFerrin. 
In 1850 he was made County Judge, which office he held for 17 years, the 
longest period of time anyone has served as Judge in Rutherford County. 
He was held in high esteem as attested by his active participation in 
county and community affairs. 

In his will he mentioned his sisters, Eanny and Temperance, his bro- 
thers, Caleb and Dudley H. hindsey, nieces and nephews. He also men- 
tioned his wife but gavc^ no namcv 

Joseph IJndsey died October 18, 1869 and was laid to rest in the fam- 
ily cemetery, with his parcnis and other members r)f his family. Acc-ord- 
ing to the inscription on his tombstone, his last words were "l know my 
Redeemer livelh". Another inscription said, "He died very happy. His 


death chamber was filled with heavenly light." 

Another early settler who was to i^'iflaence the history of Rutherford 
County was Ebenezer MacGowan. He was born in London, England, Feb- 
ruary 17, 1767, the son of John and Mary Hirper MacGowan, and grandson 
of James and Elizabeth Stajnforth MacGowm. Plis father was a noted prea- 
cher, writer, and close friend of John Wesley. 

Ebenezer was 13 years old when his father died in 1780. Four years 
later he immigrated to the United States, and settled in Dinwiddle County, 
Virginia, where he married Sally Stell in 1786. They had three children: 
John, James, and Elizabeth. Sally died in 1793. He moved to St. Tamany's 
in Mecklenberg County, VA, , where he married Frances Baugh, on July 22, 
1797. They had five children, William Baugh, Samuel Goode, Thomas 
Harper, Martha Ann, and Lucy B. 

He was ordained deacon in the Methodist Episcopal Church on March 
10, 1798, as evidenced by a.n old parchment signed by Bishop Francis Asbury. 

In 1816 he and his family left Virginia and came to Tennessee, travel- 
ing in oxcarts over the mountains ajid rough terrain- -as did many of the 
early settlers who came to this new land while the forests were still dense, 
there were few roads and the oxcart was a prevailing mode of transporta- 
tion. He came to Rutherford County and settled in a small windemess com- 
munity, northwest of Murfreesboro, known as Bear Wallow. 

He was ordained elder in Columbia, Tennessee, November 28, 1824, 
by Bishop Joshua Soule. He was one of the earliest ministers in Rutherford 

Ebenezer MacGowan died April 30, 1850, at the age of 83, and is 

buried in the garden at his old home. Quoting from the history of .lohn R. 

McFerrin. "He h'ved to an advanced ago, and was a man of lini^ learning. 

He has gone to rest and left the .savor of a good name. " 

He was a man of strong convictions, and firm in his beliefs. His 

granddaughter often recalled an incident in her childhood. Urr mother had 

made a new dress for her which she was planning to wear to church -m a 
Sunday morning, with great pride. Pre- shrunk materials were not yet on the 

market so her mother put a five or six inch hem in the skirl, which came 
almost to the ankles. When her grandfather saw her in her new dress, he 
immediately picked her up and stood her on the staircase while he took his 
pocket knife and ripped out the hern, saying in a disgruntled tone that no 
granddaughter of his was going to disgrace herself by wearing a dress that 
short. One cannot help bul wonder what his reactions would be to the pre- 
vailing styles of the present age. 


John Wade, Sr. , son of John Edgar and Abagail Brawner Wade, was 
bom in 1760 in Fredrick County, Maryland. He had 2 sisters, Elizabeth 
and Ann, .3 brothers, James. William, and Jessee. 

Jolm Wade, as did his father, fought in the Revolutionary War. He 
enlisted as a private under Captain John Reynolds in Fredrick County, 
Maryland, July 18, 177G, re- enlisted May 5 , 1778. He served during the 
War in Captain Bernard Hubley's Co. , under Lt. Col. T.udwig Wellner, 
German Batallion, Continental Troops. His name appears in Register 
1783, and on a similar list November 2. 1784. 

Pie was married in 1781 in Montgomery Co. , Maryland to Elizabeth 

Offutt, who was born in Maryland. They had 13 children: 

1. Mordecai Burgoss, b. 4-28-1800, d. 10-30-1886, m. Martha A. Campbell, 

b. 7-5-1818, d. 9-10-1863. 

2. Eliza, b. 1803, d. 1840, m. William Snell who died ll-i -1836 

3. Elizabeth, b. 1-8-1804, d. 10-21-1886, m. 7-15-1825 to Ed Alexander 


4. John M. , b. 1805, d. 1886. m. Harriett Calhoun, 12-21-1826. She was 

bom 1808, died 1887. 

5. Richard William, b. 4-1811, d. 1-3-1880, m. Narcissa Frances Noal, 

4-10-1844. She was born 12-- 26-1824, d. 12-18-1905. 

6. Annie, b. 11-11-1817; married Billy Timmons 

7. Martha, b. 7-21-1821, m. Robert Bumpass. 

8. Mehaley or Mahala, b. 3-27-1823, married Eiisha B. Vaughn. 

9. Jane, b. 11-4-1824, married Isaac Brown. 

10. Henr>' C. (bachelor) d. Sept. 6, 1882, no birth date given 

11. Lucinda, b. 1-8-32, married Randolph Johns. 

12. Sally, married 1. John Sperry, 2 John Wade (her first cousin). 

13. Catherine (Kitty), married Osias Wade (first cousin). 
Six of these were confirmed in the will of John Wade, Sr. . 

Sometime prior to 1820 John and two of his brothers, William and 
James, with their families, immigrated to Tennessee. John and William 
settled in the northwest section of Rutherford Covmty, in what is now 
Bethel- 1. eana Community. 

John Wade, Sr. was a member of the Presbyterian Church at Sulphur 
Springs. He was a highly respected citizen and a man of integrity. He had 
an eminent ancestry. Four generations back, Zachory Wade, bom in J627, 
died 1677, and his wife, Mary flatton, who died in 1678, came as immigrants 
to Maryland from Warwiehshire, England. He was an extensive land owner. 


and a donor of land upon which Washingl.on, D.C. is located. 

There is a monument, in Washinj^on, D.C. , on iSth Street, between 
Constitution Ave. and East Street, erected by the National Daughters of 
American Colonists, April 25, 193G. It bears the following inscription, 
"To the original potontees prior to 1700 whose land grants embrace the 
site of the Federal City." The name of Zachory Wade is among those 
listed, followed by the date 1670. 

John Wade, Sr. died in 1840, his wife, Elizabeth, died in 1835 in 
Rutherford County. A number of his descendants still live in Rutherford 
County, some in the community where their ancestors settled so many years 


James E. Stoekird was bom in Rutherford County, Tennessee, Sept- 
meber 9, 1817 , son of William Alonzo and Jane (Elliott.) Stoekird who 
were natives of North Carolina. The father settled in this county in 1809. 
He was an energetic and successful farmer, and lived a long and useful life. 
He was a Whig in politics, and a member of the Presbyterian Church. He 
served a number of years in the Indian War. His death occurred in 1876. 
James E. was reared by his grandmother, Debroah Elliott. Ho grew up 
on a farm and secured a limited education. At the age of (nghtccn he 
served an apprenticeship in mechanics and engaged in making cotton gins, 
a business he followed for sixteen years. 

On February 17, 1842 he married I,ucy B. MacGowan, daughter of 
Ebenezer Macdowan, a prominent Methodist Episcopal minister. To Mr. 
and Mrs. Stoekird were born eight children: Frances Jane, who married 
Drury Josiah Sanders; William Elliott, married I^ockie Russworm; Mary 


Ann died young; Martha Caroline, married James V/. ITunt; Jamc^s Edwir^. 
Jr. , never married; Alice Elvira, married Thomas Gentry Miles; Nancy 
Fletcher, never married; Thomas AJonzo, who married Almyra MiJes. 

Mrs. Stockird died April 23, I066, and in ]8fi0 Mr. Stoddrd marricni 
Mary I^eonora Russworm, daughter of Johi S. and S.-iilie Marii)i Russvvoi,-;. . 
They had four children; Samuel Russworm, married Emma James; Rosaiinci 
Deborah, Mrs. W. I. Gresham; John Elliott, married Crc;orgia A mbrose; 
Virginia T^eonora, never married. 

Mr. Stockird did not Lake an active part in the Civi) War, bu1 sym- 
pathized with the Southern cause. He was a Dt^mocrat, and a squire of 
the ninlh District for fweniy years. IF(^ and his family were members of 
the Methodist E piscopal Church, where th(\y v/ere active in church affairs. 


Most of the following ariicle is fj-om the Journal of B. I.. Ridley; 

"] had an experience John Bowman iji 18()4 that showed his 
recklessness and want of fear. WhiJe flood was environing Nashville and 
Forest was dashing upon Murfreesboro, seventy-five "Yanks" had hacu 
■"■^i^ in a block- house near Smyrna depot, guarding the railroad between 

ashville and Murfreesboro. Things were getling so "squally" l:hal Lhey 
left their fortress at Murfrcn^sboro. Four iii.-'bs had slipperi through from 
.flood's army to see hom(<folks, John Bowman aiiiong them. Thr^y loo,\'(>d 
up the pike and saw it blac-k witli blue coats. The idea naluraJly was that 
they were so badly frejghtened a shot or two would stampede thi-m, and thai 
we would at least get iheir wagons and teams. Knowing every pig path, lhey 
rushed through ihe cc>dars and ensconced themselves in a thicket on Sc^arcy's 

farm alongside of the old road. As the seventy-five marched alons;. each 
Reb on his horse drew his Navy and fired. Did Ihey run? Woll, never in 
the wide world. I can hear that Yankee officer now cry, "ITalt' Rjfjht 
Wheel! Fire! 

They peeled the saplings, made shot holes through our clothes and 
saddles; it looked like the demons had turned loose upr^n us, and it seemed 
that they would kill us in spite of fate. We got over the hill after a Ijme; 
they did not pursue-nor did we. Bowman wanted to go back and all nek 
again, but the rest of us demurred. We dubbed that battle "Hardup," for if 
there was ever a hard time getting out of a thicket, that was one. Did wo 
get wagons? No, did not want them. Capture, "Yanks?" No, we wc;rn 
glad enough to save our scalps. Jt was John Bowman's recklessness that 
induced four of us to attack seventy-five! One of the young men, only 
fourteen at that time, (Dr. G. W. Crosthwait, of Florence, Tennessee, 
and who received only this baptism of fire during the great war) often now 
speaks of the battle of "Hardup" as one which ought to be recorded. " ( Dr. 
Crosthwait lived in an adjoining community but was well-known in the 
Bethol-Lcana area, where he had many friends, and ofter administered to 
the needs of those who were ill . ) 

John Bowman was not always as fortunate as in the battle of "Hardup", 
as further related by Mr. Ridley. "John Bowman, a member of Colonel 
Paul Anderson's Calvary, was cut off in Hood's retreat and took shelter 
near Murfrecsboro, his home. They caught him about midway between 
Murfreosboro and J.ebanon, and tied him to a tree. Instead of begging for 
his life, he defied and heaped epithets upon his captors until they, in 
frenzied rage, riddled his body with bullets." 


James E. Stockird, with a helper, carried a wagon and brou^Fii .lohn 
Bowman's body back to the community where he had spent all '.)|' his jjfe, 
except the time he was in service. Pie was buried in the MacGownn- 
Stockird Cemetery. 

His father, John Bowman, son of Joseph Bowman, was himscvlJ' n sol- 
dier, having fought a battle of another kind. He was both do;i.r and dumb. 
The story is told that each time a child was born into his home he would 
lase an ax, or other heavy instrument, and strike the floor to see if tiie 
child was deaf or dumb, so great was his fear that one of his children 
might have to suffer from the same affliction as he had for all of his 

Many of the young men in this community laave gone into cnnibat in 
other wars. Most of ihem came back but a few gave their lives for their 
country. Charlie Fann, son of Mr. and Mrs. Houston Fann, was reported 
missing in action in World War II, but was later found. He was identified 
by the high school class ring on his finger. He was given a hero's burial in 
Arlington Cemetery. David Thompson, son of Mr. and Mrs. David W. 
Thompson, was also reported missing in World War II but liis body was 
never recovered. We are proud of the boys of the community who have 
served in any war in which our country has been involved. The memory 
of those who gave their Jives is indelibly imprinted on our hearts and our 


A Chinese native resided in this community for a brief time. Soon 
Chiaochun had come from Trinity college, now Duke University, Durham, 

N.C. , to VandorbiJt University to further pursue; his studies in Ain(M-i( on 
colleges. It was tht^ summer of 1885 that James E. Stocki rd, ;i trustee of 
the University at Nashville, learned about Charles Jones Soon. I.hc bap- 
tismal name Soon had given himself after becoming eonver1<:(l in North 

Mr. Stofrkird be<:ame interested in the Chinese boy aad invited him 
to spend the summer with he and his family-at the old MacGowan house, 
tlien the home of ihc Stoekird family. Charlie Soon, as he was called 
here, spent two summers in the Stoekird home, enjoying fishing, and all 
of the activities in whieh the young people of the community participatcKl. 
Upon completion of his studies at Vanderbilt, he returned to North Carolina. 

He left many memories of his visit. He gave to Sally Martin, a nj(^cc 
of the Stockirds, a picture of himcelf, which is preserved in a volume on 
the Chiangs of China. One corner is slightly burned where, according to 
legend, Sally threw it in the fire when she was teased about it. As the 
stories go, Sally had to tak(^ more than her share of teasing. He gave to 
Mrs. Stoekird, his ho.stcss, a gold ring with his initials engraved on tiie 
inner side. It was iater uscxi in making a cameo, which no doubt, is still 
prosc;rved in l.he family. 

He remain(!d in North Carolina two years doing missionary work. 
r,ater he returned in hjs native land. He added a "g" to his name and became 
a leader in religious and polilical affairs. Shortly afier his return to China, 
he married Miss Ni Kweitseng. One? of Iheir three daughters is Madame 
Chiang KiaShek, a nationally known figure. 


After Eb<MK'zer MacGowan built, a home; for liia famiJy aiul quarters 
for his slaves, his next conr-'^rn was a place for the people of !he com- 
mimity 1o worship. He began holding services in his iiome. Pjcjng small 
of stature, he stood on the stairway and preached to lh(^ people who galh(.;red 
from time to time to worship God. to thank Him for safe arrival in the new 
country, and to ask His guidance in their daily lives and in thcur c>ffort.s to 
establish homes and develop the wilderness territory. 

As the community grew, there was need for a larger place of wor- 
ship. Mr. MacGowan gave a little grove, containing four acres of land, 
acrr^ss the road and a few hundred yards southeast of his home. He donated 
the cedar logs and helped in the construction of a little church, ut^stled in 
the recesses of the grove, deep within the wilderness of the newly settled 
country. He called the church Bethel. It was the first church in the new 
community, which he called Bethel Community. It was no longer known as 
Bear Wallow community. The church stood back of where the Methodist 
Parsonage now s1;ands. 

Some people believe th(> church was erectc^d in 1827, but according \o 
the family history given by his descendants, who have information from 
MacGowan 's own lips, it was erected in 1818. Bethel was put on Stones 
River Circuit, where it remained until it bc^came a station. 

Rev. MacGowan was Bethel's first pastor. He had become a minister 
in Virginia, where he was ordained deacon in the Methodist church on March 
10, 1798 by Bishr)p Francis Asliury. He was ordained F]ldr^r l^y Bishop 
Joshua Soule, Nov. 28, 1824, in Columbia, Tennessee. A great grandson 
has in his possession the original certificates, which are on parchment. 


Pholoslalic copies were placed in Ihc sancluary a1 Rc^thcJ by anolhcf grra' 
grandson, who also has pholoslatic copies of the certjficalos in hjs pos- 

According to Ebenezer IVIacGowan's wiJl, probated May 18ri0. he 
devised to the trustees ol" the church, Johii I_>ane, Joseph I ,inds<>y, John 
.lonos, Captain WiiJiam Smilh, James E. Rtockird, and 1heJr successors 
in office, according to the discipline of the Mcthodis! Episcopal Church 
(South) "that part of my land where-on Bethel Meeting Mouse stands." 

Among fannily names not mentioned above, but found in the church 
record which dated back to 1830 are: Adams, Allen, Arthur, Atkinson, 
Batcy, Bowman, Gentry, Hunt, Lewis, Macon, Robb, Rooker, Ross. 
Rowlette, Russworm, Thomplxins, Wade, and Ward. 

Records show there was a Sunday School at Bethel as early as 1878. v 
A Sunday School quarterly for that year has been found. 

In 1887 a nt^w church was built, and the old church became Bethel 
school. The new church was described as a frame structure 30 ft. x 50 ft 
with a sealing capacity of 300-350. The church was dedicated the first 
Sunday in September 1387. 

Bethel Church still stands but the house in which it was founded has 

been torn down. It stood so majestically for inany years, as if watching 

the growth of the church it nurtured, and the development of the community 

from rugged traiLs and ox carls to paved roads and modern modes of travel; 

from the log cabin homes to attractive modern structures. Jn memory the 

o!.' house still stands as a m;)num:.>nt to posterity. 

From the History of Bethel Church compiled in 
1962 by Mr. and Mrs. Robert M. Sanders 


The following is from a deed on record in Rutherford County Court- 
house: "Know all men by these presents that I, Wilson L. Watkins of the 
County of Rutherford and State of Tennessee for the purpose of promoting 
the cause of Christianity, and for the consideration of one dollar to me in 
hand paid by Walter Wade, Samuel McFadden and Addison Mitchell of the 
same county and state, the receipt whereof is hereby acknowledged have this 
day sold, transferred and conveyed unto the said Walter Wade, Samuel 
McFadden, and Addison Mitchell as trustees, for the use and benefit of the 
new School Presbyterian Church at the Sulphur Spring in the said county 
of Rutherford, and their successors in office, the following described tract 
of land, --with erections and improvements thereon, and bounded as fol- 
lows: beginning at a stake my southwest corner, thence east to a stake, 
thence north to a stake, thence west to a stake in William Mitchell's east 
boundary line thence south to the beginning; containing by estimation one and 
three fourth acres, be the same more or less, --given under my hand this 
28 day of Nov., 1843. Registered Nov. 29, 18i3. Deed Book i, page 404. i^ 
Evidently the church was located near the Presbyterian Campground. 
Little else is known about the church except that it was thought to have been 
destroyed during the Civil War. Nothing definite has been learned about 
its pastors or its membership. There was probably a large membership 
at the time it was organized. 

It was a long way from the old ramshackle Bethel School building, 
with its rickety benches and broken window panes, to the modern brick 

structuro which now houses the members of I^cana Church of Chrisl , bul. 
the distance was covered in iess than ten years and the spiril of love. 
cooperation and desire for progress which permeated the small group who 
organized the work, still is a notic.euble characteristic of the church 1oday. 

It was June 1047, the stcond Sunday to be exact, when [ivo families 
held the first service in the old scJioolhouse. Church records show the char 
ter members were: C.C. Barrett, Houston Fann, Joe Brewer, Hobart 
Reed, S. D. Wrather and members of their respective families. 

Early in the next year the group, still small in number, purchased 
an old storehouse close by and, after a few repairs, worshipped there first 
in March of 1948. AH the (^arly work of the church was under the oversighl 
of the Westvue Church of Christ. W. E. Watts, one of the elders of the 
Westvuc church, was more directly responsible for the teaching program 
during the first two years and the congregation enjoyed remarkable growth 
and spiritual prosperity durin:; the period. C.S. I^ocke was minister of 
the church from ]949 through 1952. 

Early in 1953 elders and deacons were app<jinted. The^y were: M.F. 
Allen and Joe Brewer, elders; Cleveland Wrather and Ray Bul lock, deacons. 

Through the more than ten years since the; congregation was estab- 
lished almost forty guest ministers filled the pulpit at one time or another. 

Mason Tucker bscame minister in 1952. During the past five years 
the church has n\ore than doubled in size and contributions. In 1955 a new 
$15, 000 meetinghouse was eomj:)leted. The building was designed and built 
by one of the members, R. A. Patrick. The structure seats 175 in the main 
auditorium. Four classrooms, when opened, increase seating capacity to 


350. An overflow audience of 450 attended the first service held in the 

In 1961 two Sunday School rooms and a baptistc^ry wer(^ added: and in 
1970 a centra] heating and air conditioning system. Five more classrooms 
were built in 1972, and the floors were carpeted. Today it is a beautiful 
edifice, in which a large congregation worships. 

Some who have served as church secretary are Joe Brewer, Charles 
Bullock, John Bowman, and Lee Brewer, as treasurer, and William NeaL 

Those who have served the church as pastor, in addition to C. S. 
Locke and Mason Tucker, are Clifford Brothers, James Ryan, Marvin 
Brothers, and Maurice Tho mason, present pastor. 

(Information obtained from Mrs. Howard Primm, and Mr. and Mrs. 
Charles Bullock). 

Another attractive church in the community is the Zion Hill Indepen- 
dent Baptist Church, on Swamp road a few hundred yards from Sulphur 
Springs Road. It was organized by David E ubanks, at Lascassas. Bro. 
Eubanks was the first pastor. 

For about six months services were held in the Russ Stockard house, 
where the Max Carter family lives. The congregation worshipped here 
until the church was built. Jim Hunter was first Sunday School Superinten- 
dent. Others who have served in this capacity are David Ross. Danny 
Flick, and John Good. 

The deacons are Kelly Ross, Jim Ormcs, Leonard Barrett, Howard 
Hunter, and Walter Westover. The first clerk was Mrs. BiHie Singleton, 


rol)nwt;d by Mrs. Ruth Good. 

Pastors who have served the fhirch are David Eubanks, Kennolh 
Armstrong, Bill Shaw, Bill Vv'oodv'G.rd . of Nashville, isoncaJl. 

Average attendance at church services is about 150, al Sunday School 
about 70. The church has a thriving congregation doing a gron1 work in 
the sei-vice of the Lord. 

(Information given by Mr. and Mrs. Kelly Ross.) 
Mt. View , a colored church, stood v/c3t of Mrs. Mahaffey's house on Central 
Valley Road, just back of Mrs. Charlie Wrather's farm. It is known to 
have existed in the IGOO's but closed l^,v many years and the building torn --■ 
down. It is remembered as being a B;xptist church. McVeig h's Chapel, 
also a colored church, was located on the sulphur Springs Road, opposite 
Alford Road, where Mrs. Tom and Mrs. Bea Arms live. It was regarded 
by both black and while as a respectable church. The land was given by Mr. 
Jim Moore. The deed was made to Alex McVeigh and elders of the church 
and their successors in office for as long as it continued to be a church. 
Alex McVeigh was a preacher, and probably at some time pastor of the 
church. McVeigh's Chapel was in exitcncc for several years. . 

A story is told about a v/edding that was solemnized at McVeigh's 
Chapel. The mother of the groom w in.^jd some of "her white folk" to 
attend her son's wedding, which they did. 't was a pretty wedding and a 
large crowd was in attendance. The bride and groom faced the congrega- 
tion for the ceremony, instead of facin:^ the preacher. At the close of the 
ceremony the preacher pronounced t i.,..i man and wife and said to the groom, 
"Now, you can kiss the bride. " After r^ moment's hesitation the groom 


looked lip at the preacher and said, "STX)sin you kiss 'or fust." 
John's Hall This church was east of the Hoyte Sanford place, jusi onlsido 
the community boundary, but people from this community altonded churcli 
there and buried their people in the cemetery back of the church. 
Antioch , a missionary Baptist churc i, was organized in the late loOO's, 
and is still in existence. It is on tiio .Joe Brown Road. 

These churches are known to have been in existence, but the time of 
organization cannot be definitely established. 



The first, school known to have been in what is now Bclhcl Community 
was the Elliott School, so caJled because it was on the PlUioU property. 
The old Elliott home stood a few hundred yards northwest of the school. 
Little is known about this school except that it was a log building, with a 
chimney at one end. Foundation rock can still be found where the building 
stood. Signs of an old road having been near the school are still visible. 
Peyton Randolph and J. E. Stockard are among those who attended this 
school. Older settlers think Nellie Elliott was a teacher there. 

The exact date of the next school in the community cannot be obtained, 
either. After Ebenezer MacGowan built his home and had founded Bethel 
Church , a school house was built two or three hundred yards southeast of 
the church. Since it was on MacGowan property, it is thought he probably 
gave the land, furnished some of the building material and helped build the 
first Bethel school. 

In style it was a typical early American building, similar to the church 
nearby. It was built of logs cleared from the wilderness, hewn by hand and 
put together with pens. The roof was ribbed poles, to which crude but sub- 
stantial boards were nailed, with cut nails. It was a small building, about 
18 X 20 feet, with puncheon floor. Light was furnished from a door in the 
front and a few small square windows. There was a fireplace at the south 
end of the building. The chimney had a rock base. Above the coping it was 
made of sticks and mud. The seats were split logs supported by pegs. They 
had no backs. Water was obtained from a hand dug well nearby. The scliool - 


house was separated from surrounding property by a rail fence. 

The building was in a low swampy place. Sometimes, when heavy 
rains came, the water was so deep someone would have to built a raft and 
row across the water to get books and other articles needed, or carry the 
teachers and children to and from school . Sometimes classes would have to 
be held in the church building. 

Playground equipment in those early days consisted of a grape vine 
jumping rope, that had to be replaced about every week; grape vine swings; 
homemade seesaws, usually a pole placed across a stump. The side of a 
ditch by one of the early roads was used for slides. Two poles, with limbs 
cut to hold a cross pole, provided equipment for high jumping. 

Some of the teachers in the first Bethel school were Petty Henderson, 
a blind man, Al McClain, and Mary McQuilkin. .. fi-om Pennsylvania. Evi- ^ 
dently Miss McQuilkin taught at Bethel a number of years. A register of 
the early eighties gave names of great grand children of the early settlers. 

Mrs. Mamie Adams, who lived in Donelson for a number of years, 
had many memories of "Old Bethel School". It was here that she started 
to school, and where she attended with her sisters, Fannie and Martha. 
Her first teacher was Miss McQuilkin whom she described as "a fussy 
old maid, lank and skinny, and all the kido were afraid of her". Mrs. 
Adams also recalled the most embarxassing experience of her young life, 
her first whipping at school. She got the whipping because she couldn't 
pronounce a certain word but somehov/, after Jim A/Iullins went out and got 
a switch and Miss McQuilkin "ticded her little bare legs with it" she could 
pronoimce the word. Her brother thoi jht ii was a funny joke to tell about 


her whipping every time they had visitors. She would always go upstairs 
and stay until the visitors left. 

Other teachers she remembered were Miss Vinnie Burton, "She 
stayed several years and was loved bj' all the children"; Miss Alice Bruger 
and old professor Miller, an old m&n with white beard. Her outstanding 
memory of him was the time he threw a book at Martha James because she 
couldn't spell a certain word. 

In memory she saw "that old gully", as it was called. When the child- 
ren went out on the playground they were charged to be careful and not get 
too far back in the hollow for there was quicksand in the hollow "that would 
swallow you up" . 

School was held in the church building much of the time during the 
years of 1885-1886 because of the poor condition of the schoolhouse. In 1887 
when the new church was erected the first Bethel church was deeded to 
Rutherford County by the Quarterly Conference of Stones River Circuit, 
and the first Bethel Church building became the second Bethel school build- 
ing. Papers pertaining to this transaction, and other material about Bethel 
School arc in the hands of a descendent of some of the early settlers in the 
community. In those early days there were School Commissioners. This 
method of choosing teachers was used until the present plan was enacted. 
The first commissioners of the school district were David Massey and 
Jimmie Stockird; later came Z.T. Dismukes and Bud MuUins; still later, 
CM. Miles and T.A. Stockird were commissioners. 

Mr. George Tomberlain remembered the first Bethel school building, 
although he attended school in the second building. His first teacher at 


Bethel was Miss Ola Marlin. He remembered how attendance would fluc- 
tuate and at intervals during- the year two teachers would be teaching in 

one room. 

In the fall of 1905 a room wa.s added on the south of the one- room log 
building. The first principal 5n the two-rc=om school was Moore Andrews, 
with Nora Stockard assistant. For years ;he old wood stove used in the first 
church, a 36x24x18 inch ironside, v/as used in the second school building 
but by now the pot-bellied stove with an added air drum was also used. 
When the second Bethel school came into being, a well was dug north of the 
buDding. In 1915 a well was dug west of the school. In 1915 a porch was 
added on the west side of the building. In this year, also, a stage was built 
in the north room, on the north end. Sometime between 1921 and 1924 
accordion doors v/ero put between the two rooms, and about this time or 
probably a little later more and larger windows were put on the east side 
of tine building. Another memory of the two-teacher school, the Friday 
afternoon programs when the parents were invited to see the children 

Bethel became a three-teacher school in 1925. A new room was added 
on the northx -est corner of the original log room. The teachers were Mrs. 
Earl Roberts, Mary Hall and Lavada Bowling. It remained a three-teacher 
school for a few yea-s, then became a two-teacher school again. In 1926 
Bethel had its first school bus, driven by Mr. Lum Gannon. Other drivers 
for the school were Ernest Adams, Howard Whitley, and Ernest Tomberlain. 
A lunch room was added in 1936. Cooks in the first kitchen were Mrs. Tom 
Arms and Mrs. Bea Arms. They continued as the cooks as long as the 


school existed. 

Interested citizens, because of the regard they had for their commu- 
nity, worked earnestly and faithfully for a new school building. It was due 
to their untiring efforts that in 1950 a new school building was erected across 
the road from the second Bethel school, a part of which had stood for 132 
years and had been used for a schoi 1 building for 63 years. 

The new building was cherished by those who loved Bethel Community 
and wanted the school to continue to function as one of the important links 
in the life of the community. The new building was an attractive three- room 
block structure, built in modern sytle, with the use of modern building equip- 
ment. It was floored in hardwood, heated by gas, lighted by electricity and 
with light from spacious windows that was controlled by Venetian blinds -- 
Quite a contrast from the earlier buildings. The students studied at comfort- 
able desks, v/ith many kinds of materials to make the preparation of their 
lessons easier and more interesting". 

When the building v^as completcci, visitors from all over the state came 
to look over the structure, as it was considered a model plan for other rural 
schools. The first teachers in the new building were Mrs. Ray Donnell, Mrs. 
Robert Lane, and Miss Ann Sv/ain. 

At the time school work v/as started in the new building there was practi- 
cally no extra equipment, but the school and community club went to work 
immediately and obtained oeveral pieces of playground equipment, a piono, 
water cooler, a 24 foot deep freeze, radios, record player, record collection, 
film strips, book cases, and cabinets, science equipment, two television sets, 
and installed a public address system. All of this was done in a remarkably 


short, period of time which further indicated interest in the school. Bethel 
was chosen from the schools of the county for a one week dental flouridation 
clinic, sponsored by the State Board of Education. The school received recog- 
nition in a nationally known magazine. It also participated in the eye-testing 
clinics, sponsored by the Lions Club. Bethel was also a participant in the 
Blue Ribbon Health Program. 

The school had an active 4-H Club and rated in the blue ribbon group 
most of the time. Local winners in county- wide contests did outstanding work. 
Bethel Community Club held its meeting in the building and worked closely 
with the school. Each year they sponsored, jointly, a community club and 
school picnic and planned projects for use of the proceeds that would be bene- 
ficial to both but keeping the needs of the school especially in mind. There 
was also a Bethel Home Demonstration Club which made contributions to 

the school. 

Bethel was always an elementary school, but its graduates who have 
attended high school and college have carried the colors well and have own 
outstanding achievements. From the time of the first log building, around 
which clusters many memories, girls and boys have gone out from Bethel to 
become successful citizens and worthy representatives of Bethel school and 


A complete list of teachers cannot be obtained but others in addition to 
those already mentioned are: Mary Knott, Edith Littler, Ada Ewing Wendell, 
Mrs. Myrt]e Johns, George Rice, T.A. Jamison, Louise Gi]l, Ora Mai BaU, 
Gertrude Vaughn, Ollie Mai Overall, H. E. Baker, Ella Tarpley. Herbert Well 
Anna Stockard, Alice Rooker, Gordon Davis, Elizabeth Smith, Bessie Seward, 


Delay, Mary Elizabeth Blankenship, Mary K el ton, Maggie 1-cc Knox, Gladys 
Jones, Clara Harris, Kathleen liar r-is, Estelle Tilford, Mrs. B. Brandon, 
Mrs. Mark Womack, Kate Ashley, Annell Smith, Ruth Allen, Bessie Baskett.e, 
Sallie Dement, Mrs. T.G. Harris, Mr. Russell, Mrs. Putman, Mrs. Mamie 
Youree, Mrs. Pauline Atkerson, Mrs. J.D. Roberts, Mrs. Azilee Moore, 
Mrs. Charles Tilford, Mrs. Sue Clift, William Key, R.D. Barrett, Mrs. 
Drayer, Jimmie Tvme, Mrs. Em.mett Wood, Mrs. Fannie Murphy, Mrs. 
William Money, Mrs. Simon Glanton; Mrs. Levoy Bivins, Mrs. Pack Barrett, 
Richard Tune, Sonya Sample. The teachers names are not listed in the order 
of their service, nor the teachers with whom others taught because complete 
ijiformation is not available. Every effort was made to get a complete list 
of the teachers who taught at Bethel down through the years, but this was a 
difficult task. Perhaps some who read this will think of other names that 
should be on the list. 

Bethel school, like many other rural schools, was as a golden thread 
in a tapestry, iaterwoven in other historical events of the county. A direct 
outcome of the buildings of pioneer days, it was a development and a continuou, 
part of the pattern from the b-ginning until its close. The struggles and accor 
plishments of the school closely parallels the progress of the community in its 
other respects. The community has grown from a tiny hamlet to typical rural 
area which continues to grow v/ith many new homes already constructed and 
plans being made for further development. 

•Although it had been operated only on an elementary basis. Bethel School 
hardened and strenghtened by the travail of its birth could have continued to be 
a living, pulsating, vibrant part of an expanding community, as an elementary 


school, and inet the needs of a progressive people had it been given the oppor- 
tunity and the support and maintenance it needed. However, those not intorestc 
brought about its downfall. Although many now homes and two new churches 
have been added to Bethel Communiiy, one important link has been destroyed, 
the neighborhood school which had t personal interest in its children, the 
citizens of the future who are being drawn from its boundaries. The Communit 
Club meets within the confines of its v/alls, and it is used as a voting precinct, 
but the school that stood for more than 150 years has been destroyed. It was 
closed while maintaining an average attendance of 100 pupils. 

One of the citizens of the community, Mrs. Evelyn Primin, when she 
was interviewed and give helpful information on different phases of the com- 
munity history, summed it up so beautifully regarding Bethel School when she 
said: "There are no outstanding characters who went to school at Bethel, 
so far as I knov/, but I do know that no school in the county has contributed 
more to the welfare or betterment of a community, or provided any higher 
type citizens than our Bethel School". 

The date of another school in the community, the old Sulphur Springs - 
school, cannot be established. It was located in the eastern edge of Bethel 
Community, a few yards north of the present Sulphur Springs Road west of the 
present Siegel Road, Part of the building is still standing near the Irvin Bowei 
place. Drinlcing water was carried from the old Sulphur Springs. 

A teacher who is l<nown to have taught there was George Rice. Among 
those known to liave attended school at Sulphur Springs is J. D. Roberts, a 
former Register of Rutherford County. Before becoming Register, he bought 
large tracts of cedar for F and O Cedar Piling Company in Murfreesboro. 


Others kno\VTi to have attended this school are Arie Knox and other mem- 
bers of the Carroll Knox family, and Lucy and Jim Miles. 

Later the school was taken over by the colored people and was in 
operation as late as 1915. 

Another colored school in !he community was Antioch School, located 
on what is now known as the Joe Brown road, near Antioch church. Some 
of the older settlers in this section of the community were Sam Payne, Joe 
Jolinson, Mike Gooch, Phil Gooch, Liz Miller, Baldy Scruggs, Caroline 
Scruggs, Jack Huddleston, Sallie Huddleston, George Elder, Amanda Elder, 
Doc Miles, Henry Kimbro, Harry Ward, Ann Ward, Hosea Brown and Sally 
Brown. They were highly respected citizens of the community. Their chil- 
dren, grandchildren, and possibly some of their great grandchildren, attended 
school at Antioch. Among teachers who taught there were Annie Gooch, who 
later became Mrs. G. W, Hampton, and George Hampton. 


March 28, 1902 all of the western section of Bethel-Leana community 
was flooded from torrential rains upstream on west fork of Stones River, 
which caused the river to rise at a rapid rate, so fast, in fact, the river 
crossed itself at least three times and flooded many homes. The flood of 
1902 has been remembered and discussed by many people over the more than 
70 years since it occurred. 

A tornado came through this section in 1908, tearing up timber and a 
few small buildings. Ward's mill was piled up on the banks of Stones River. 

One citizen remembers his grandfather making fishing poles from the 


sap wood of cedar destroyed by tho tornado. They made good polos and were 
used for years and years. After each fishing trip, the poles had to be greased 
with axle- grease, or something to make them pliant, so they would bend 
without splitting when used. 

The first store known to have been in the community was built by Billie 
Smith, sometime before the turn of the century. It stood just west of the house 
owned by Mr. and Mrs. Elmer Dickerson. At his death the store was sold to 
Jim Burnette, who operated it for a number of years. Mr. Burnett built 
a new store across the road. The stock was sold to Frank White and later 

In 1919, Mr. Burnett sold to Mr. and Mrs. T. W. Cox, who operated 
the only grocery store in the community for a number of years, until Mr. 
Houston Fann opened a small store in the triangle across the road. After 
Mr. Cox's death, Mrs. Cox kept the store for a few years then sold to Mr. 
Fann. Tho store and its contents was destroyed by fire, and Mr. Fann 
again operated a store in the triangle, about where Tri-Way Market is located 

Jim Burris, a black man, had a store about 1912-1914 on the southeast - 
comer of what was then Miles and Sulphur Springs Road, now Shacklett and 
Sulphur Springs Road. 

Mr. and Mrs. John B. Jones had a store for a brief time, some time 
in the early 1920's. It was near where Mrs. Frank Clifton lives. 

In 1945, Mr. and Mrs. Brandon King built a store across from Bethel 
School and sold it the same year to Mr. Evans, who operated it for awhile. 

His brother v/as also operator of the store for awhile. Others operating 

this store \rere Rt A. Patrick, Euford Hayes, and Ernest Tomberlain, Avho 

is the present owner. 


For several years people of the community had to go to Florence 
Station to get their mail. Neighbors altex'nated days in bringing mail for 
the community. 

About 1880 a Star Route was started from Florence. Mail was delivered 
to each farm occupant Vv'ho furnished a box. The route in tMs community 
extended from the river up Sulphur Springs to present Swamp Road, thence 
to Central Valley Road. A star route carrier would also deliver mail to ^ 
Walter Hill and Lascassas and return. I^eana was on the return pickup. 
Mail was carried back io Florence and from there by train to its destination. 

About this time a postoffice was established, called Leana. It was in 
Billie Smith's store. He was postmaster during the entire time the postoffice 

A Rural Route v/as started around 1901-02. It was route 7 out of 
Murfreesboro, la.ter changed to route 4. Mail carriers were W.L. Millins, 
Charles H. Holmes, John E. Rooker, and Mrs. Roxie B. Jenkins, present 


A gristmill was operated on the community line between Bethel-Leana 
and Florence, on Stones River, where people from both communities carried 
corn and wheat to be ground. It was Icnown f s Jim Ward Mill. Mr. Ward 


oold to Major Street, who transferred it to David and George PJvans. They 
operated the mill for several years then sold to T. J. Lassiter. After 
operating the mill for a few years, Mr. Lassiter sold to J. E. Nice and son. 

From this time on it was known as Nice's Mill, where feed, as well as 
corn and w^heat, was ground. It became a landmark in the community. People 
have come from miles ai'ound to fish at Nice's mill. The mill was burned 
down in October 1965, but it continues to be a popular fishing spot. On 
the Bethel-Leana side a space has been paved for parking of cars and campers. 
Sawmills : 

First sawmill laiown about was operated by a Mr. Shaw, run by 
traction engine. Watei' to make stea.m was pumped from sinking creek. 
It was on the Sam Mitchell farm, near where the br-idge on Thompson Lane 
crosses the creek. At this mill a man by the name of Nathaniel Allen, better 
known as Nat Allen, lost his life by being pulled into the saw by accident. 
This mill was moved to Manor Cave vSpring in another community. As for 
other mills, it is not known how they came in order of service. 

Mr, Knox Ridley owned a mill on the Cas Miles farm, almost in front 
oftlieA. C. Shacklett farm. 

Amos Culbertson had a mill on part of the J. E, Stockird farm. Water 
for operation came from the blue hole or Bear Wallow. Jim Oliver and his 
sons operated a niill at the same location. Later Oliver bros. had a jnill 
just south of the present Robert i^ane Home. Water was pumped from Bethel 
pond, which at one time was a rather large body of water, 

Charlie, Jesse, Thompson and Jimmy Ward also operated a sawmill 
on the J. E. Stockird farm. It was known as Ward Bros, sawmjill. 


Blacksmith shops : 

A blacksmith shop was owned and operated by T. A. Stockird, and was 
almost in front of Mr. and Mrs. Elmer Dickerson's home, as we know it 
today. Mr. Robert Wrather moved into the community and operated a shop 
at the same location. He bought a small farm on the Swamp Road, across 
from where Mr. and Mrs. Robert Jenkins live, and moved his blacksmith 
shop there. He also had a repair shop for buggies, wagons, and carts. His 
son, Jesse, made hickory pipes for sale. 
C otton Gins: 

A cotton gin was built about 1870-75, operated by J. E. Stockird sons, 
and grandsons, with help of farm labor, and continued in operation until 
1885. It stood about halfway between the homes of Tommy Reed and Charlie 
Ross, as we know the location today. The drum used at the gin was later 
converted into a well windless and is still in use. 

For many years Bethel-Leana was largely a farming community but when 
industry came to Murfreesboro and Rutherford County many have forsaken 
the farms. Some of the farm land has been put in the Soil Bank; some sold 
to companies for the development of housing projects; other land has been 
allowed to grow up unattended while the owners answer the call to public works. 
The little community has come from North Carolina land grants of densely 
covered forest land to a prosperous community only a few miles from the 
heart of Tennessee. 

On the west boundary of the community, a bridge spans the waters of 
Stones River, a bridge that has stood for many years. It met the needs of 


the people when it was finally built 65 years ago and buggies and wagons 
were the vehicles used for travel. A citizen of the community remembers 
working on the approach to the bridge when he was 13 years old, and drove 
one of the first wagons to cross the bridge. 

Today the narrow wooden bridge attached to the rickety frame work 
causes people to hold their breath or almost skip a heart beat when they start 
across the bridge for fear they will not reach the other side in safety. Some 
even avoid the road because a narrow and unsafe bridge docs not meet the 
needs of a growing community. One wonders why the county will allow a 
community to continue using such a dangerous structure. 

The early settlers who left their native land and chose this part of the 
country in which to make their homes were laid to rest beneath the soil of 
their chosen land, as were many of their descendants. Below are listed 
the cemeteries that could be located. So many of the graves are not marked, 
and some of the engraving is not legible; 
I - Lindsey family cemetery, near the Lindsay hoine: 

1. Caleb Lindsey 

b. April 27, 1763, in County of Granville, N.C. 
d. Dec. 25, 1838 

2. Mrs. Temperance Lindsey, wife of Caleb Lindsey 
b. April 1, 1781 

d. Feb. 12, 1862 

3. Rev. Joseph Lindsey 

b. April 4, 1804 
d. Oct. 28, 1869 

4. Miss Salfy Lindsey 

b. Feb. 28, 1761, in Granville, N.C. 

d. Oct. 10, 1841, age 81 years, 7 mo. , and 12 days 

5. Elizabeth, consort of C. D. Cooper 

b. June 28, 1815, in Granville County, N.C. 
d. June 25, 1839 



Dudley House Lindsay 
b. May 22, 1803 
d. July 7, 1859 
Daniel McKalister 
b. Feb. 3, 1791 
d. Aug. 28, 1851 
Dr. W. Henderson Cooper 
b. Dec. 23, 1836 
d. July 10, 1866 
Lewis Sims 
b . unknown 
d . unknown 

II. Slave graveyard of Joseph Lindsey, near the family plot 












Eliza, her son 




Govenor Fox 


Sally and her two children 


















Ellen, one of Nancy's twins 




Tex anna 
























A Hie 



Joseph Lindsey specified in his will that neither the family nor the slave 
gravej'ard was to be sold or molested in any way. 

III. Mitchell graveyard, on a knoll just east of Thompson Lane 

1. William Mitchell 
b. unknown 

d. 1850 

2. Wife of William Mitchell 
b. July 3, 1773 

d. April 7, 1828 

3. Curry 
b. 1735 
d. 1835 

4. Azariah Mitchc]! 
b. June 6, 1806 
d. Oct. 22, 1855 

5. Malenia Mitchell 
b. June 6, 1800 
d. Mar. 19, 1883 


There are other markers in this cemetery but names and dates are not 

4. Wade cemetery, on Mordici Wade farm 

1. Mordici Burgess Wade 

b. April 28, 1800 
d. Oct. 30, 1867 

2. Martha A. Wade, his wife 

b. July 5, 1818 
d. Sept. 10, 1863 
Children of Richard W. and Narcissa Neal Wade 

1. Cora Ann Wade 

b. .Tune 15, 1845 
d. Sept. 6, 1851 

2. Alice Josephine Wade 

b. June 12, 1847 
d. Dec. 4, 1858 

3. John Summerfield 

b. April 13, 1850 
d. Sept. 6, 1855 

4. Child born and died March 30, 185 6 

5. Wade cemeterjs on F. B. Arms farm 

1. Col. William Wade 

b. Jan. 1, 1763 
d. July 31, 1849 

2. Cassandra Wade, consort of Col. Wade 

b. Jan. 18, 1769 
d. Feb. 6, 1820 

3. Caroline vVatkins, dau. of Wm. and Cassandra Wade, Consort of 

b. Aug. 22, 1812 W. L. Watkins 

d. Nove. 23, 1849 

4. Caroline, infant dau. of Col. W.L. Watkins and Caroline W. Watkins 

b. Nov. 12, J849 
d. July 31, 1850 

5. John C. Wade 

b. Aug. 20, 1788 
d. Dec. 26, 1855 

6. Ann Wade 

b. 1788 

d. Oct. 26, 1828 

7. Robert O. Wade 

b. April 13, 1823 
d. June 27, 1844 

8. William Wade, son of Col. Wm. Wade 

b. Oct. 26, 1811 
d. July 27, 1850 

9. Col. W. L. Watkins 

b. March 16, 1802, in Montgomery Co. , Maryland 
d. Nov. 15, 1861 

5 6 

10. Rebecca O. Miller 

b. Nov. 10, 1802. in Maryland 
d. Aug. 1, 1858 
6. Wade slave graveyard, on R uss Stockard place -" 

Martin Wade is the only person buried there whose name is known. 

7. Johns Hall, just outside the community line, back of Hoyte Sanford farm. 

1. Lucy Collier 

2. Ben Collier 

3. Joe Johns 

4. Bettie Lou Johns 

5. Harry Ward 

6. Ann Ward 

7. Milton Ward 

8. Alice Ward Brown 

9. Gracie Ward Brown 

10. Nimrod Ward 

11. Lou Minti Wade 

12. Harry Ward, Jr. 

8. Allen graveyard, on John Allen farm. 

1. Sally Allen 

2. Ella Allen Mothershed 

3. Nat Allen 

4. Mrs. J. J. Allen 

5. Infant Allen 

6. Susie Allen Johns 

7. Mr. J. J. Allen 

There are no markers, but these people are thought to be buried in this 

9. Bethel cemetery 

1. Daniel Cunningham 

b. Jan. 29, J829 
d. June 30, 1899 

2. Amanda Cunningham 

b. Sept. 4, 1837 
d. Aug. 27, 1905 

3. Mary Oliver 

b. 1851 
d. 1925 

4. Charity Manor 

b. Sept. 10, 1828 
d. Jan. 12, 1892 

5. Sara F. Edwards Pitts 

b. June 27, 1862 
d. Feb. 12, 1951 

6. Willie Estes 

b. May 23, 1902 
d. May 22, 1969 


7. Edward A. Barrett 

b. Oct. 16, 1893 
d. Dec. 15, 1918 

8. Grant Riddle 

b. May 12, 1876 
d. Dec. 30, 1957 

9. Doug Taylor 

b. 1880 
d. 1955 

10. Ernest Finch, Sr. 

b. July 11, 1926 
d. Oct. 21, 1964 

11. Abby Palmer 

b. 1899 
d. 1910 

12. J. R. Palmer 

b. 1865 
d. 1925 

13. Joseph McAbee 

b. June 8. 1888 
d. July 23, 1905 

14. Helen Louise Barrett 

b. Aug. 15, 1928 
d. May 19, 1941 

15. Billie Ray Barrett 

b. 1939 
d. 1940 

16. Charles (an infant) 

b. 1937 

17. Charles C Barrett 

b. Oct. 4, 1888 
d. Apr. 9, 1961 

18. Annie L. Barrett 

Feb. 19, 1908 

19. Roger Dale Barrett 

b. March 21, 1950 
d. May 8, 1950 

20. Margaret L. Jones 

b. 1928 
d. 1930 

21. Larkin Maize 

22. Jane Russell Maize 

23. John Mays (no dates for the last three names) 

24. Clarence McAbee, Jr. 

b. Dec. 7, 1923 
d. Dec. 28, 1928 

25. Edward Riley Marlin 

b. 1833 
d. 1888 


26. Oliver Bari-ett 

b. Feb. 18, 1901 
d. May 25, 1957 

27. B. B. Barrett 

28. Fannie O. Barrett (no dates on last two) 

29. Oscar Barrett 

b. Oct. 16, ]880 
d. Dec. 26, ]948 

30. James R. Jones 


31. Lois M. Jones 


32. Margie B. Jones 

b. 1908 
d. 1941 

33. Ritter Jones 


34. Robert (Bud) Jones 

b. 1871 
d. 1954 

35 . Baby Cantrell (no dates) 

36. Betty Brimm (no dates) 

37. William B. Brimm (no dates) 

38. Kate Jones (no dates) 

40. Sally T.e Grande (no dates) 

41. J. J. Taylor 

b. June 10, 1888 
d. Feb. 22, 1928 

42. Robert Williams 


43. Henry Barrett 

b. 1869 
d. 1939 

44. Addie Williams 

b. March 17, 1902 
d. Aug. 17, 1960 

45. James Noah McAbee 

b. Feb. 29, 1885 
d. Nov. 7, 195 6 

46. Annie Laurie McAbee 

b. March 17, 1887 
d. June 23, 1956 

47. Mrs. Martha Sloan 

b. 1882 
d. 1946 

48. Verla Brinkley 

b. Ma7 29, 1954 
d. May 29, 1965 

5 9 

49. Mrs. Lizzie Thompson, wifeofD.W. Thompson 

b. 1893 

d. March 10, 1920 

50. J. L. McCullam 

March 12, age 31 years 

51. Harold McCullam (no dates) 

52. Mrs. Maroam McCullam (no dates) 

53. Beulah Wade 

73 years 

54. WUliam Wade 

1885 - 93 years 

55. Nancy Riddle 

b. Aug. 3, 1959, age 19 years 

56. Estes (no dates) 

57. Neil Richard Brewer, infant, March 12, 1963 

58. Larry Wayne Brewer 

Sept. 17, 1956 

59. Vickie Diane McAfee, no dates 

60. Bettie Lee McAfee, no dates 

61. Mattie H. Warren 

b. 1902 
d. 1930 

62. Hazel Mai Barrett 

b. March 19, 1922 
d. May 8, 1937 

63. Robert B. Wrather 

b. July 16, 1847 
d. March 1920 

64. Bettie Jones Wrather, his wife 

b. 1857 

d. April 4, 1940 

65. Virginia Lee Wrather, died in infancy 

b. Sept. 9, 1931 

d. Sept. 9, 1931 
10. Bowman slave graveyard, in front of Bethel schoolhouse 
11. MacGowan slave graveyard, on MacGowan property 
12. MacGowan- Stockird family cemetery 

1. Ebenezer MacGowan 

b. Feb. 17, 1767 
d. April 30, 1850 

2. Frances MacGowan 

b. Oct. 6, 1781 
d. Oct. 5, 1852 

3. James Elliott Stockird 

b. Sept. 9, 1817 
d. April 27, 1895 

4. Lucy B. Stockird 

b. Nov. 22, 1818 
d. April 28,1866 


5. Leonora Russworm Stockird 

b. Jan. 4, 1833 
d. Sept. 1, 1905 

6. Mary (no dates) thought to be a servant of the family 

7. Ann G. , wife of William C. Fletcher 

b. May 21, 1813 
d. Sept. 25, 1850 

8. Lucy Ann, infant daughter of W. C. and Ann G. Fletcher 

b. Sept. 4, 1847 
d. Oct. 10,1848 

9. Nanc F. , infant daughter of James E. and Lucy B. Stockird 

b. July 8, 1857 
d. Dec. 29, 1858 

10. Mary Ann Stockird 

b. June 7, 1847 
d. Feb. 14, 1872 

11. William E. Stockird, Jr. , age 6 mo. and 4 days 

12. William E. Stockird, Sr. 

b. Nov. 18, 1844 
d. Mar. 28, 1869 
13. James E. Stockird, Jr. 
b. June 7, 1851 
d. Aug. 1, 1871 

14. William B. MacGowan 

b. Oct. 9, 1817 
d. Aug. 24, 1848 

15. Sgt. J. W. Bowman, Co. 'K', 8th Regt. Tenn. Cav. , C.S.A. 

16. Members of the Dismukes and Russworm families: 

1. Sally Clark Russworm, 1799-1867 

2. Rosalind Russworm , 1835-1915 

3. Lockie Russworm Dismukes, 1843-1902 

4. Zack T. Dismukes, 1846-1910 

5. Ernest Jordan Dismukes, 1880-1893 

6. Sally Dismukes 1876-1896 

7. Hattie Dismukes Smith, 1873-1935 

8. Harry Smith, ]855-1935 

17. Capt. T.E.S. Russworm, 9 Regt. Ward S, Tenn. Cav., C.S.A. 
b. April 8, 1820 

d. Oct. 10, 1873 

18. Capt. Samuel C. Russworm, 17 Regt. , Miss. Inf., C.S.A. 
b. Feb. 25, 1837 

b. Aug. 28, 1866 

19. In memory of those buried in unnnarked graves 

1. Benjamin M. Hunt, 1849-1897 

2. SammieA. Hunt, 1882-1911 

3. James W. Hunt, 1847-1911 

4. Martha Stockird Hunt, 1849-1930 
And all other unmarked graves. 


13. Elliott Cemetery 

1. Elenor Elliott Arnold 

b. Dec. 28, 1797 
d. Jan. 8. 1860 

2. James Elliott 

b. Oct. 1, 1795 
d. Oct. 30, 1836 

3. William Elliott 

b. 1798 

d. Sept. 18, 1835 

4. Deborah Elliott, born in North Carolina 

b. ? 

d. March 9, 1829 

5. Jane Elliott Stockird 

b. ? 
d. 1866 

6. Mary Elliott Smith 

7. Capt. William Smith 

8. Jack Jones 

9. Mrs. Jack Jones (no dates found for the above named) 

14. Elder graveyard, north of Shacklett Road on Patton property 

1. George Elder 

2. Amanda Elder 

3. John Elder 

4. Eliza Akin Elder 

15. Miles slave graveyard, south of Reece Hays house 

16. Henry Kimbro graveyard, just west of Buckeye Valley Road 

1. Henry Kimbro is only name known but others are buried here. 

17. Jack Huddleston burying ground, Northwest of Antioch church 

1. Jack Huddleston 

2. Sallie Huddleston, his wife 

3. Anderson Huddleston (son) 

4. Hosea Brown 

5. SiiUie Brown, his wife 

18. Gooch cemetery, jcjins Huddleston cemetery 

1. Mike Gooch 

2. His wife, and other members of his family 

19. Joe Brown cemetery, on Joe Brown's place. 

1. Charity B. Collier 

2. Her sister 

3. Anderson Brown, and others 

The above six named are col. cemeteries. Information was given 
by members of the families. Information on Johns Hall cemetery given 
by James B. Ward 

20. Ward cemetery, this cemetery is a short distance over the line, in the 

edge of Florence community, but most of the people buried here 
were members of Bethel Church, and participated in community 


1. Sara Ann Agnes Shreader Neville 

2. Best Ward, died at age 24 

3. Mrs. Jarrell, daughter of Sara Ann Agnes Neville 

4. Letitia Neville, died as a young lady 

5. William (Billie) Miller 

b. Nov. 15, 1872 
d. Jan. 9. 1886 

6. Martha Elizabeth Miller Baskette 

b. Feb. 15, 1871 
d. Dec. 4, 1908 

7. Thomas Miller 

b. Dec. 31, 1836 
d. Mar. 1, 1914 

8. Amanda Ward Miller 

b. Sept. 22, 1843 
d. June 12, 1912 

9. Mary Ward Martin 

10. Sara Ann Agnes Neville Ward 
b. 1819 

d. at age 91 

11. Bettie Ward 

b. ? 

d. May 1922, age 74 years 

12. Harriett A. Ward 

13. Fannie Sherrell 

14. James Ward 



Brief excerpts from a manuscript written about 1958 by Clyde R. Crowder 
(1882-1961) of White County, Illinois. These excerpts are followed by com- 
ments by Mrs. Charles H. Fay who has researched the Philip Crowder fam- 
ily for several years. 

"The first of my ancestors of which I have any knowledge came from 
England to Virginia in early Colonial days. This ancestor was either my 
great grandfather or my great- great grandfather. But I am under the 
impression that my uncle Elisha Crowder said that he would have been my 
great grandfather. 

"Assuming that he was my great grandfather, I will say that he had 
seven sons, the youngest of whom was my grandfather whose name was Elisha 
Alexander Crowder who was bom in Virginia in 1784 and who died in 
Rutherford County, Tennessee in 1843 in the month of October about three 
weeks before my father was bom. I shall relate the cause of his death as 
father and my uncles related it to me, which was confirmed by a very old 
man who was born and raised in Rutherford County, Tennessee, and who 
know about it. His name was Henry Glasscock. 

"Grandfather had the reputation of. being the strongest man in Rutherford 
County in which he lived at the time of his death. Grandfather was a black- 
smith as many of the older Crowders were. One day a man rode up to grand- 
father's shop and said to him, "I miderstand that you are the strongest man 
in Rutherford Covuaty". He also stated that he was said to be the strongest 
man in his county. He challenged Grandfather to a trial of strength of toeing 
a line and throwing an anvil backward over their head. The one that threw 
in the farthest was to take the honor of being the strongest. Grandfather 


threw last, and threw the anviJ ten feet farther than the other fellow. In pnr- 
forming thJs feat of strength, he ruptured a blood vessel inside and bird lo 
death with an internal hemorrhage one year to a day from the time h(^ threw 
the anvil, dying at the age of fifty-nine years, which was three wt^oks before 
my father was bom. Henry Glasscock's story told to me in. 1903 was sub- 
stantially the same as told to me by my father and uncles. 

"In mentioning that my grandfather was the youngest of seven sons, 
will say that the oldest was named Philip Crowder. He was a soldier in the 
Revolutionary War. Sometime after this war, he moved to Kentucky and 
lived there until 1844, in which year he moved to Sangamon County, Illinois. 
He later died in this county and was buried there. On the South side of the 
old capitol buildings m Springfield is a metal tablet set in the masonry on the 
outside contains his and several other names of Revolutionary Heroes who 
are buried in Sangamon County. The Hlinois Historical Society says that 
he had several children. Seventeen as I remember. Mitchell and George 
Hiinsinger, now deceased, but who lived around Burnt Prairie, Illinois, 
were related through their mothers to Philip Crowder. 

"My grandfather's brothers all lived to be very old men ranging in 
age. I am told, from 80 years to 109 years. He perhaps had sisters, but 
T know nothing of them. 

"My grandmother's maiden maiden name was Sarah Black. She was 
known by many as Aunt Sally Black. She was related to a former United 
States Commissioner of Pensions by the natne of Black. Grandfather and 
Grandmother Crowder had eight sons and three daughters as far as I know, 
and of which 1 shall speak. All of them were born in Tennessee and so far 


as I know in Rutherford County near Read>n/iJ]e. I shall namc^ th(^m as nearly 
as possibJc ac:cording to their agt>, but i ain sure that sumo wjM not bc^ cor- 
recMy p)act-d. Stc^phcn was the oldest, ioJlowcd by Geor-gc. Eljsha Alexander, 
Abigail, William, Crockoit, Nathaniel Green, Ann, Susan, Robert, and John 
R. - my father. 

"John Rick Crowder was born in Rutherford County, 27 October 1843. 
In joining the Union Army in 1861 or J862, he gave his year of birth as J844, 
which was an error on his part. Thus, in the War De^partment files at 
Washington, 1844 is given as the year of his birth. He never tried to have 
it changed as his discharge papers gave it that way and it might have inter- 
fered with his pension. 

"Shortly after Henry Clay's compromise of 1850, people from the 
North and South begin to immigrate to the Kansas- Nebraska territory, in 
the spring of 185 2, my father's family including his mother and his brothers 
and sisters set out from Tennessee in a Conestoga wagon drawn by oxen I'or 
ihis territory. They travelc>d Nor-lh, across Tennessee and Kentuck)' to 
Colconda, Illinois, where t'ney crossed the river. They planned to take 1he 
old stage route which ran through Vienna, Old Mount Pleasant, Jonesboro, 
into Missouri through Cape Girardeau, Jackson, and on to Independence, 
Missouri. These piac^es wc>rc only vjllages al this time. 

"Upon arriving at Jonesboro, they found two c-ousins who wcn-e bro- 
th(^rs that had conu> a lew months earlier from Tennessee. These brothers 
had also started to Kansas; but, upon arriving at Jonesboro, learned that 
the Illinois Central Railroad was to begin building its road through therc^ the 
next year. They decided to stop awhile and work on this railroad. 


They did stop because grandmother was ill, and the boys vvorl<ecl on Ihe roi)- 
road when it began. Only two of lather's brothers ever- wcmt any larthct- west. 
Those two, Stephen and George, after several years had passed, wcni on into 
Missouri, around Hartsville and Carthage. The two cousixis ai' whom I spoke 
finally settled near Laclede. Missouri. One of these two cousins, .Fohn, 
became the father of General Enoch Crowder of World War 1 fame. General 
Enoch Crowder, second cousin to my father, was not only a mjljlary man, 
but was a lawyer, diplomat, and an export on mondary matters. He is said 
to have been responsible for the get up of the draft law used in World War I. 
Upon retiring from public life and the Army, he went to Chicago, became a 
member of a law firm where he remained until his death which occurred 
during the middle or later 1930's My two oldest daughters talked lo Gen<^ral 
Crowder while he was a member of his Chicago law firm, and he confirmc^d 
what I have written about his father, his uncle, himself, and our relationship. 

"When father's family left Tennessee, the family owed some debts. 
Uncle William and Uncle Nathaniel, or Nat as he was called, remained in 
Tennessee to work and pay these debts. They worked and paid the debts 
and then walked from Tcumessee to Illinois. This was, 1 think, in the autumn 
of 1852. 

"Grandmother Crowder died in 1852 or 1853. Two or three of the boys. 
Uncle Steve. Uncle Gcmrgc^ Uncle Eljsha, and probably Aunt Abigail were 
married liefore comint; to Illinois. Aunt "Abe" as she was called, mar-ric^d 
a Crowder, his name not known to me. He was only slightly related, if any, 
lo her. 


to her. 

"Uncles William, Crockett, NalhanJel, Robert and lather wore in the 

Union Army of the Civil War. 

"My father, John Rice Crowder, was born in Rutherford County, 
Tennessee, near a smaU place caJled Readyville on October 27, 1843. He 
was bom three weeks after his father, Elisha Alexander, died. Having never 
seen his father, he was supposed to have power to cure the thrush which small 
children have in their mouths. ] have seen people bring babies for ten or 
fifteen miles to him, so that he could blow in their mouths. 1 saw him do 
this many times. It always cured them. 

"Uncle Nat possessed power to stop blood on people or animals, also 
the power to cause warts to go away. He said it was by faith. Unc:le Nat 
was a very good man and also a preachc^r. He was very well read in the 

"The Schools to which father went were built of logs. I think he told 
me that h(i never got beyond ihe second grade. When he entered the Union 
Army in 18 62, he could scarci^ly read ar.d could not write enough to send let- 
ters home. A Mr. Henry Plater who was in the Army and was a former 
teacher taught him how to read and write. This lack of education is due 
largely to the fact that he had to mnke his home among his older bt-olhers 
while he was growing up. In later life he could read and write quilc well. 
He read newspapers and the Bible. He kept ciuitc will informed on news of 
the day. " 


Comments by Mrs. Charles H. Fay, 540o Beverly HJll [.ano, Ap1.. 1, Houslnn. 
Texas 7705 6: 

Tlnving been born December 5, 1883, iVIr. Clyde Rufus Crowder- was 
about 75 when he wrote all he remembered of his Crowdet- for-ebearers. All 
the information he gave whic-h I have checked is essenlially factual. The 
names of the children of his father's brothers and sisters have been deleted 
but will be provided to anyone interested. 

The 1850 Rutherford County Census shows this family in household No. 

695 as follows: 

Sarah Crowder F. age 44, born South Carolina 

Abi Crxjwder F. age 25 " " 

George Crowder M. age 22, born in Tennessee 

Elizabeth " F, age 16 

Acey R. " M. age 14 " 

Nathaniel " M. age 12 

Robert " M. age 11 

John " M. age 6 " 

William Crowder was age 19 born Tennessee in the home of Mathew F. 
McElroy, age 35, born Virginia, visit No. 711. 

Rutherford County Marriage Records confirm that Stciphen Crowder 
married Mary A. Rodgc>rs on 25 July 1844 and George G. Crowder married 
Sarah F.. Boyd on 9 .January 1849. No record is at hand to substantiate Mr. 
Crowdc^r's affirmation ihat his Ifncle Elisha and probably Aunt Abigail wex-e 
also married bc^forc moving to Illinois. 

The story of Cousin John is sk(^tched by David A. Fockmiller's "Enoch 
II. Crowder, Soldic>r, I ,awyer and Statesman. " Enoch's father was John 
Herbert Crowder, IV, born 18 March J831 near Marysville in Union County, 
Ohio; and his luicestors moved from Dinwiddle County to Mecklenburg County, 
Virginia, to Baltimore, Maryland, then Ohio, and Van Buren County, Iowa, 


before settling in Grimdy County, Missouri. The stay in Jon(\shor-(), Illinois, 
is not mentioned. 

The statement that Philip Crowdcr was the eldest of his grandialiu^r's 
six brothers is undoubtedly true. However, he assumed that this Philip was 
the Revolutionary War Sergeant when in fact he was the Philip Crowder born 
1780 in Virginia who fought in the War of 1812 from Rutherford County, 

The Revolutionary War soldier, Sgt. Philip Crowder who was born 
7 April 1760 in Amelia Couiaty, Virginia, and died February 1844 in Sangamon 
County, Illinois, was the third son of Abraham Crowder (surgeon) born 30 
August 1730 in Bristol, Priaco George County, Virginia, and his wife, 
Frances Tucker born 1730 in Amelia County. When Philip was five the 
family moved from Amelia County to Mecklenburg County, Virginia. Philip 
was still there when ho enrolled in the Virginia militia, first as a substitute 
for his bnjthcr, William, and later for several enlistments of his own. By 
his first wife, Susan Parish, whom he marric^d in Mecklenburg County, 
Philip had five children. He stated in his pension application that he moved 
in 1785 to Rutherford County, Noi-th Carolina; in 1791 removed to Greene 
County, Ktmtucky; and in 1830 removed to Sangamon County, Illinois. Mean- 
while he had ten more children by two other wives, Rachel Saunders and 
Sally Chandler. His children are named in Power's "History of the p:arly 
Settlers of Sangamon County, Illinois." 

Walter R. Sanders' book on the John Chandler family states that Philip 
Crowder was a licxmsed preacher on the Baptist Church. 

Although Philip did no1 mention it in his pension application, he 


probably lived in fiardin County, Kentucky, for a time, and at least three 

of hia children were married therc^ between 1806 and 1809. It doc^s not appear 

that this elder Philip Crowder ever lived in Tennessee. 

Now we shalj look at the yoimger J'hilip who did live in Rutherford 
County, Tennessee. The Third Census of the United States in 18J0 published 
in the Rutherford County Historical Society Publication No. 4 shows Philip 
Crowder 26 to 45 years old as head of a household in Rutherford Comity. 
The eldest female in the fome is age 16 to 26 (Philip's wife Charlotte was 67 
in 1850 census of Pike County, Illinois while Philip was 70). 

On 2 January 1851, Philip Crowder in Pike County, Illinois, applied 
for bounty land (under the act passed 28 September 1850) because of his 
service in the War of 1812 whiJe a resident of Rutherford County, Tennessee. 
He said that he was a private tti tha company commanded by Captain George 
Barnes in the second regiment of Tennessee's militia commanded by Col- 
onel Carroll; that he was drafted m Rutherford County on or about 1 Nov- 
ember 1815 for a six months term and was honorably discharged at Columbia, 
Tennessee about 1 April 1815. He had sold the discharge subsequently for the 
moTtthly pay due him. His descendants have often stated that he was with 
Andrew Jackson at the Rattle of Mew Orleans, and histoi-y shows that Major 
General William Carroll was indeed at the Battle of New Orleans. 

Philip Crowder had marriecl Charlotte Robins in South Carolina, 
possibly in Gre(>nville County, about 1806. 

Before^ 1830 this Crowder family moved to White County, Illinois. 
Their daught(^r Nancy born 14 October 1807, in South Carolina, married 
.17 Sept. 1828 Jolin Hunsinger (1806-1877) m White County; and another daughter, 


Massa, born 20 May 1812 married 27 Scptomber 1830 Adam C. Ilunstngcr 

(1807-1873), brother to John. Mr. Clyde R. Crowder mentioned George T. 

Hiuisignerthe youngest son and 12th of 13 children of John and Nancy lluj-isingrr 

and Mitchell Hunsinger who was the seventh of 16 children of Adam C. and 

Massa Hunsinger. 

While residing in While County. Charlotte Crowder was a member of 

the Regular Baptist Church at Mount Pleasant in Burnt Prairie Township; 

and many of the descendants of the above two daught(>rs are members of that 

church today. 

After 1840 Philip and Charlotte moved to Pike County, Illinois. It was 

here that daughter Susan born 8 March 1821 in Rutherford County married 

20 January 1845 Jacob G. Bowers; and son Philip born 1825 in Tennessee 
married 7 April 1845 Maria Bowers. The Bowers family had come from Ohio. 

In 1849 Jacob Gusler Bower went to California on a prospecting tour, 
having crossed the plains with a large expedition. He first located in 
Trinity County and for a time successfully mined in the Cow Creek country. 
Be returned to Pike County via Panama in 1851 and duriag the spring of 1852 
he and his wife and three children in a wagon drawn by oxen joined a large 
train of emigrants and crossed the plains in safety. They stayed in Hangtown 
(now PJacerville) for a time, but later that same year moved to Yolo County 
and purchased 320 acres of land. Mr. Bower died on 8 July 1894 and his widow 
Susan, lived until 1902. They are burje;d at Mary's Chapel cemetery in Yolo 
County with several of their descendants on the same ]ot . On an adjoining 
Jot is the government headslonc of Philip Crowder showing he was in the 


2nd Tennessee Militia of the War of ]812. Even though I he History of Yolo 
County by Tom Gregory docs not state this, Philip Crowdor must have fol- 
lowed his daughter, Susan to California where he died. There is no ht^adsiotio 
for Philip's wife, Charlotte, who may have died in Pike County before Philip 
started to California, but no stone has been found to date in Pike Coimty 
for her. As already noted, she was still living when the 1850 census was 
taken in Pike County. 

This younger Philip Crowder apparently did not learn to write since 
his signature always appears with an "x", and he did not have a deed to any 
land in the various places we know he lived. The search has not been an 
easy one for this man born Virginia, married in South Carolina, who fought 
in the War of 1812 from Rutherford County, Tennessee, moved to White County 
Illinois, then to Pike County, Illinois, and who is buried in Yolo Coimty, 


David A. Lockmiller, Enoch H. Crowder, Soldier, Lawyer and Statesman 

(Columbia: The [Tnivcrsity of Missouri Studies, 1955)15-17. 

.lohn Carroll Power, History (>£ Ihe Early Settlers of Sangamon County, 
Illinois . Centennial Rcco rd (Spriiigfield: Edwin A. Wilson^ Col, 1876) 
237-240. " 

Walter R. Sanders, The . lohn Chandler Family of Green and Taylor Counties, 
Kentucky (1947) 7-8. 

Henry G. Wray, Comp. , "Population Schedule of the Third Census of the 
United States 1810, Rutherford County, Tennessee, "Rutherford County 
Historical Society Publication No. 4 (Fall, 1974) 50. 

Tom Gregory et al. H istory of Yolo County, California (l^os Angeles: 
Historic Record Company, 1913) 693-695. 



Along about 1927, while searching titles for various parties, I dis- 
covered that the P lat of the Original Plan of the City of Murfreesboro, was 
never recorded, or at least, did not appear in any book in the Register's 
office. Thereupon, I began looking in spare time through the early books 
in that office, and discovered that Lot No. 1 was at the N. W. corner of what 
is now West College, and North Front Streets, and Lot No. 70 was in the 
Old City Cemetery 

Looking through the books page: by page, since many of the indexes 
had been destroyed, I got the information needed to prepare a plat of the 
property, donated by Col. William F. Lytle, to the City of "Murfreesbo rough" 

Miss Martha Wright, presently employed in the office of the Register 
of Deeds for Rutherford County, now has a replica of the plat which prepared, 
and she has added further information as to other additions to the C ity of 

You are at liberty to make any use which you may desire, of the plat 
which I made and which Miss Wright now has. 

Howell Washington 




LOTS 1-130 




121 ' 






1. This map Is not drsvn to scale. The size of the 
numbered lots may vary according to location. 

2. Lots 1-70 were researched and platted bv ROWEU, 
WASHINGTON, Attorney -at -Law, ^{u^freesbo^, 

3. Lots 71-130 were added iji I976 after further 

4. Fbr further reference, see Deed from William 
Lytic, Sr., to the Commissioners of >turfreesboro, 
recorded in Deed Book H, page 385, R.O.R.C., 


From the New York Times, Sept. 2, 1865 
Furnished by Fred Brigance 

Murfreesboro, Tenn. , Friday, Aug. 25, 1865 

Murfreesboro, the old capital of Tennessee, is another of the many places 
aboiHiding in this region of no special note in themselves, but made famous 
by the rebellion. A recent visit to it I found singularly interesting, and hav- 
ing gathered some facts, and acquired some information which will be of 
interest, I think, to sundry readers of the TIMES, I shall make the record 
for their particular benefit. 

The city may have had a population of 6, 000 or 7, 000 before the war, 
though it looks now as if this figure were a very liberal estibate. It is a 
terribly war- scratched place. The destruction of property in it and around 
it has been immense. All peaceful and profitable industries have been for 
dreary years rudely broken in upo.i, and the old town wears the appearance 
of having lain long in a trance, and now slowly awakening from it to find 
its beautiful and valued things ravished aw.y by the spoiler during the sway 
of its profound lethargy. 

The town is spread over considerable space, and all that space, wi1h tJic 
buildings of various kinds occupying it, betokens the terrific ravages of war. 

What these particular ravages are, have been too often told to need 
repetition. Fences torn down to the naked and unsightly stumps, buildings 
more or less dismantled- -these are only a part of the defacing work that 
war delights in. The state house of a former day, stands in the centre of 
the Murfreesboro square- -a substantial, dome-crowned edifice within wiiich 
Tennessee legislators were wont to expound laws and make them; and, though 
a structure no way striking arthitectually or esthctically, looked upon in 
its palmy day, no doubt, as a wonderful creation. Military offices have for 
months and months been found here, and Uncle Sam's bayonets have bristled 
and do still upon its porticoes and along its courts. Its firm stone fence, 
as it once was, capped with iron railing, has all crumbled away. And its 
whole appearance with surroundings, seems to exclaim if this be the c-ondi - 
tion of the city's heart what must be that of the body and extremities ? 

The aspect, in fact, is sharply military. Compassing the place for a dJs 
lance of seven miles is a scries of lunettes, redoubts earthworks, &( . , in 
form starshaped, and all filled to do yeoman's execution- -the complement 
of guns for the whole number being sixty -six- -on such daring assailants as 
may call forth their slumbering energies. This has been done at several 
memorable periods; by WHEELER in Octobcn" of 1863, and again in September 
of 1864. On the first of lhese occasions, this marauding cavalry leader 
lay around the town tor two days and a half, and on his second visit rc^mained 
seven days, being driven off both limes with loss. 

FORREST tried hJs hand nc xt in concert with flOOD. lie arrived before 
Murfreesboro and the day after the battle of Franklin, and remained here 
some twenty days. Tht> programme was for FORREST to take Murfreesboro, 
while HOOD should 1ak<^ Nashville. Gen. THOMAS slightly disappointed the 
latter in his darling scheine. Gen. MILROY baffled the attempt and efforts 
of the former. The battle of the Cedars, fought in sight of Murfreesboro, 
in which MILROY repulsed FORREST, having more than twice the number 
of the former, capturing many men and two 22- pounders, proved that all 
FORREST'S plans in this quarter would come to naught. Accordingly, after 
HOOD'S defeat before NashvilJe, FORRE.ST abandoned the ground here and 

joined in a retreat which, in the case of the worse-bafnod HOOD, bccamo 
little less than a disastrous rout. During all the period of FORRFOST'S stay 
about Murfreosboro, skirmishing was going on daily at some point of the Jin<^s. 
Shells from 1he rebels' batteries occasionally flew into the city. Several 
buildings, among them the State- House, bear the ugly marks such as these 
gentle missiles are wont to make. 

The State- FIousc (as it was before the capital was renvwed) has other 
incidents connected with it that illustrate the rebellion. JOHN MORGAN, 
of raiding memory, married here, in 1862, a daughter of Judge READY, 
formerly member of Coiigress and long among the most influential and pro- 
minent of citizens. After the interesting ceremony, the happy pair held a 
public reception in one of the legislative chambers, at which numbers of 
the officers and men or MORGAN'S command, and citizens generajly, were. 
present with their congratulations, and wishes for the long life and happiness 
of the newly wedded. In spite of the wishes, the liie of MORGAN did not last 
long, and Mrs. M. is a widow at her father's house. 

At the breaking out of the rebellion, a citizen named WINSHIP ascended 
to the top of the State- House, and iia his newfl edged rebel zeal, tore down the 
Stars and Stripes floating from the staff there, and put the secession rag 
in its place. When the news reached Murfreesboro of the fall of Richmond, 
this man was compelled to go to the top of the capital , and on the very spot 
where he had, four years before, committed this indignity upon the nation's 
flag, to unfurl the banner of the victorious and free, and for half an hour 
to keep it waving in view of shouting and rejoicing crowds that filled the 
grounds below. It was a fitting punishment for a felon deed. 

After the surrender of's army, a fine liberty pole, 15 6 feet in height, 
was erected in the State- House groujads, and a splendid flag, raised by gen- 
eral contribution, was lifted to the breeze amid the acclamations of an 
enthusiaslic multitude. Judge READY, Chaplain RARNSHAW and Squire 
BURGER made addresses in honor of "that standard sheet" thus propitiously 
unfurled, and destined to "float forever" . 

Murfreesboro had nine hospitals after the battle of Stone River, the number 
being afterward reduced to Ihree or four, and now reduced to one, contain 
ing about 100 patients, occupying the Soule Female Seminary. The churches 
used for this purpose are most of them now in condition to be opened for 
Divine service, several of them being so employed. Nearly every minister 
of the town was rebel, the only exception I have heard being Prof. PENDl>ETO^ 
, who taught in the Union (Baptist) University here. He was from Ohio, and 
is now returned there. Th(; rebel pastors fled when the Union occupancy 
began, and their church(>s were, of course, closed- -those, at least, that 
the government did not occupy. Several of these churches are now opened 
under Union auspices. 

Rev. Dr. PRETTIMAN, formerly Missionary to Bulgaria, (Turkey) is 
recently come as a missionary to the Methodist church in this place, and has 
commenced operations with very encouraging prospects. He found around 
him here some thirty earnest members of his own order from the North, and 
with these his foothold will be firm at once. He is moreover a gentleman of 
culture and of pleasing mai-mcM-s, and withal an excellent preacher. Rev. 


Mr. ANDREWS, sent by the General Assembly of the Presbyterian Churc-h, 
has been laboring here about four wec^ks. He, too, finds a considecabje 
number of Northern Presbyterians, ready and anxious to hold up his hands, 
and promote his reconsi meting Christian work. Rev. Mr. DUNN, sent 
hither by Ihe Baptist Home Missionary Soeiety- -and here some three weeks - 
is also ministering in his sphere, with fair prospeets of usefulness. Jn fact, 
the religious interest in the 1own has been utterly prostrated and paraly/.cnl 
for upward of three years and but for the aid thus rendered from the Norlh, 
a long time must have elapsed without any serious attempt, from this quar- 
ter, to build up what thc^ rebc^lJion has so disastrously thrown down. 

This place indeed was one of the rebel str-ongholds. It has fought the 
Union, with "teeth, nails, claws, beak, wings" as Carlyle expresses it, 
and only succumbed through sheer force. Of course its sanctuaries shared 
from the fatal effects springing from such insane fury. The beautiful houses 
that the fathers built others must now occupy, and will, till a better and 
truer spirit possesses Ihe minds of the former worshippers. 

There was a flourishing college here before the rebellion, combining theo- 
logical and medical courses of study, with purely literary, and belonging 
to the Baptist order. It stands just on the outskirts toward the south, a 
commodious, well-built structure, in the midst of grounds that must once 
have been extremely beautiful. The Union and rebel lines hemmed it in on 
either side, and the result is, that all around it is defaced and mutilated, 
the building itself being rifled of its windows and doors, and presenting other 
evidence of the scars and gashes it received from its exposed situation. 
A heavier loss than this was the one sustained by its library, which, consisting 
of 13, 000 volumes, is now reduced to the beggarly account of 700- the rest 
being scattered and lost beyond recovery. This going into rebellion for a 
theory is very costly, as well to literature as to religion and humanity. 

I was struck with the number and extent of the cotton fields about Murfreos- 
boro. The County of Rutherford always stood high as cotton county, but this 
year it surpasses itself. Major STUBBLEFIEI.D, District Attorney at 
Nashville, a long resident oJ" ihe State, and familiar with its agriculture, 
informed me lately thai Teimessee would raise more cotton this season than 
for any one year for twenty years past. This statement was confirmed by 
what I saw and heard her(^. The crops were looking finely, though the Jong 
dry and hot spell had begun to pinch Ihom a little. A reliabJe gentleman told 
me that at and about Murfreesboro not less than a hundred Northern men had 
a hand this year in cotton crops, with good prospect of success. Major 
JOHNSON, who leased a farm of Mr. MANEY for several years to grow coi- 
ton on, realized, it is sajd, $90,000 by his crop last season. Two Pennsyl- 
vania companies are at work in the same business near by, and others, like 
them, have been tempted to strike in by the high price of cotton, and the 
comparatively low figure at which cxcelJent land may be rented. This will 
explain the large aggregate yield expected this year, and will point to what 
the coming year will be likely to unfold in this business. It is certain that 
Tcnnesse<- holds out rare inducements for peopJe from without to embark in 
an enterprise which promises to render large returns to capital and industry. 


1 rode out to the famous Stone River Battlefield two or three miles distant 
from, the town. I had noticed a square, unadorned, limestone monument, 
close by the railroad tract, as I passed the spot several times before, t 
know it stood near where the hottest battle raged, and brave men feiJ fast.. 
On visiting it J found it to be erected by the survivors of the brigade com- 
manded by Col. HAZEN, since Major-Gen. HAZEN his immediate promotion 
being the result of meritorious services on this great day. This monument - 
rather a heavy piece of work- -recounts the gallant exploits of this brigade; 
has the names of its officers who fell inscribed on it, and records, in some 
well-turned sentences, the honor due by the country to the noble men- -the 
heroes of Shiloh also- -who sealed their devotion to it with their blood. 
Several small stones close by contain the names of private soldiers who fell 
upon that spot. The trees standing all round display in abundance hugh gashes 
and limbless trunks, the effect of the crushing artillery. The very spot was 
shown me, close to the tomb, where Gen. Ilosecrans Adjutant- GeneraJ gal- 
loping to execute an order had his head taken clean off by a cannon ball, the 
body being carried several yards before it fell from the horse. He was an 
accomplished officer and a man of great personal worth. Here, too. Gen. 
VAN CLEVE, distinguished at the battles of Mill Spring and Perrj^ville, was 
wounded and borne off the field, to recover , however, for the fight at 
Chickamauga, where less success attended the Union arms. The General Is 
now the commandant, honored of all who know him- -of the Middle District 
of Tennessee, with headquarters at Murfreesboro. 

Advancing along the railroad northwai-dly a couple of hundred rods, and 
looking across it toward the east a similar distance, a gentle wood- crowned 
eminence appears, on which ROSECRANS massed his batteries among the 
trees and awaited the coming up of the rebel battalions under BRECKINRIDGE, 
certain that the day was won and the Yankees irrecoverably routed. Here 
the fate of the battle hung suspended and the bloody day was to be decided. 
On came the vivacious, shouting masses, from the direction of Stone River, 
little suspecting the terrible r(;ception in store for them. On they came, in 
the attitude of vanquishers and pursuers. They had broken and pushed back 
the Union lines; they had only to follow up and make assurance of victory 
doubly sure. Suddenly, eighty cannon opened upon the advancing columns, 
pouring their deadly missiles into the very midst of the dense array. The 
stock was tremendous- the carnage was awful. From BRECKINRIDGE'S own 
repoiH to the rebel authorities, 2, 000 of his men fell there in the space of 
twenty minutes. To advance in the face of this fearful and deadly hail was 
impossible. The tide was checked on the spot, then pulled back. The lines 
just before so confident fell back, broken and dispirited, beyond Stone River, 
leaving him whom they thought discomfited master of the field. It was a great 
achievement, and productive of great results. Upon the brows of the commandi 
and his gallant army the laurels won that day will remain green so long as 
history can embalm the noble deeds of a nation's heroic sons. 

Those who fell here dc^serve well that special honor should bo paid to their 
remains. This is about to be done. Sixteen acres were set apart by Gen. 
THOMAS about a year ago for this pious purpose. The tract is where tiie 


hottest battle raged for a part of the time, one side of it resting on Ihe rail - 
road, in plain sight of the muHitudes who wJIJ pass and repass it on Ihal gri;at 
line of travel . The opposite side rests on the A-lurfreesboro pike. From (>ach 
of these p<-)ints the ground slopes gradually upward. On the top a monumeni Tf) 
feet high will be erected, from appropriate designs not yet completed. Cen- 
tering in the square on which the monument is to stand, are twelve avenues 
running up from the outer circle. Along these will be ranged th(> various lots 
to receive the remains of the honor<^d deed, each State having a suitable lot 
appropriated to it for the interment of the dead belonging to it, as far as 
they can be identified. A wall 4 1/2 feet high by 2 1/2 feet thick, built of 
granite, will surround the cemetery, While the two main entrances fronting 
the railroad and the pike, will be under high arches finished with suitable 
emblematical devices. A fine quarry near at hand will furnish the granite 
for the walls as well as for the monument, and superb gravel for the avenues 
is also near at hand. From the One Himdreth and Eleventh Regiment U. S.C.T. 
quartered here, four squads of twenty-five men each, have been detailed 
to perform all the work with competent masons to superintend and direct 
them. These men are now at work, getting the grounds in readiness for those 
who are to sleep here after being removed from where they are resting now. 
It is believed that upwards of 8, 000 of our soldiers fallen in battle in the 
various engagements around JVIurfrecsboro, as well as at Stone River, will 
be interred in this cemetery. 

The whole work is under the special superintendence of Rev. W. P^/arnshaw, 
for two years sole Chaplin at Murfreesboro, previously Chaplain of the Forty- 
ninth Regiment Pennsylvania Volunteers and present at nearly every battle 
in the Peninsula campaign. He is an intelligent, laborious and efficient officer, 
and will give his earnest and constant attention to the important work which 
Gen. THOMAS has intrusted to his care. He intends to make the spot every 
way, worthy of its noble occupants so that when kinsfolk and friends visit 
it, or strangers are drawn to the consecrated ground, they may find it every- 
thing that affection or patriotism could desire, as the best resting place of 
the loved and heroic men who died that their countx^y might live. C. Y.S. 

Obtained from Records in the Pension Office Washington, D .C. 
by Mrs. Elvis Rusliing 

State of T ennessee 
R ulherford County 

On l.his first day of August, 1836, personally appeared in open court, 
before the County Court of said Rutherford County, now sitting, JORDAN 
WILLIFORD, a resident of McKnight's district //17 in the said County of 
Rutherford and State of Tennessee, aged 77 years the 30th day of May, 1836, 
who, being first duly sworn according to law, doth on his oath make the fol- 
lowing declaration in order to obtain the benefit of the Act of Congress passed 
June 7, 1832. 

I. JORDAN WIIJ-.IFOR.D, was born in SoutJiampton County in the State of 
Virginia, on the 30th day of May, 1759, as I learned from my parents and 
from the record of my birth in my father's Bible. At the time I entered the 
service of the United States in the Revolution I lived in the said County of 
Southampton, with my father, WIT_.LIAM WILLIFORD, with whom I had lived 
fronn the time of niy birth and with whom I continued to reside, when at honrie, 
until after peace was made. I now have a record of my age which I copied 
from my father's Bible. 

I first entered the service of the United States in the month of May, 1778, 
to the best of my recollection, in a militia company under Captain Lewis 
Joiner, in the regiment commanded by Colonel Benjamin Blunt (Blount?). 
My father lived some 25 miles from Southampton Court House, afterward 
called Jerusalem, and in about 15 mil^s from Smithfield, then the County 


Seat of the Isle of Wight County. I first entered the service of the United 
States under a draft, to prevent the landing of the enemy at Smithland (Smith- 
field?). The rendezvous was at the bridge on the Blackwater River at a 
place called Broadwater, thence we v^ent to Smithfield where wo met other 
forces. Colonel Wells and Colonel Parker were there from the County of 
Isle of Wight. I also remember Colone] Richardson who seemed to be our 
chief in command. 

Benjamin Griffin and Bowen were lieutenants in Capt. Joiner' company . 
I believe that Butts was Major in Col. Blunt's regiment, other field officers 
not recollected. I remained in the service at Smithfield two weeks. During 
the time no fighting took place. I served on a guard at Mackey's Mills, about 
4 or 5 miles from Smithfield. It was said another guard was stationed near 
the mouth of Piggin Creek from whence the enemy's vessels were seen in 
Hampton Roads. After the British ships, or tenders, as they were then 
called, left, we were discharged. I received a written discharge from Captain 
Joiner, but have lost it. In this campfagn I served at least 2 weeks. 

I was again called into service of the United States some time in the 
year 1780, I believe in the spring of tl o year, but cannot state the date 
precisely. I again entered and served under Capt. Joiner in the regiment 
of Capt. Blount. The rendezvous of the regiment was again on the Blackwater 
River at the place called Broadwater. The British at this time were under- 
stood to be in and havc^ possession of Norfolk and Portsmouth. I understood 
our objective to be to protect our people from the British scouting parties. 

Colonel Blount's regiment moved in the direction of Norfolk. We met 
Col. Wells with the Isle of Wight regiment. We moved in different directions. 


We were through the Coimty of Nansemond; we were also in Norfolk and Isle 
of Wight Counties. A detachment was frequently garrisoned at A/lead's Mill, 
also, at a little village called Jericho. I occassionally served in these detach- 
ments. In this tour of service 1 was engaged at least 45 days. We had no 
engagement with the enem.y. We were discharged at Crocker's Old Field 
in the Isle of Wight County, about the first of July, 1780, to the best of my 
recollection. I, then, also, received a written discharge from service, 
written by Major Boykin, which discharge I have since lost. 

I again entered the service of the U.S. in March, I believe, 1781, in 
Southampton Militia Regiment commanded by Col. Blount, under my old 
Captain Joiner. The rendezvous was again on the Blackwater at the same 
place as before mentioned. We inet the militia from the adjoining counties 
at Lawrence's Field to the best of my recollection. General Muhlenburgh 
was there and was chief in command. Colonel Merriweather, who, it was 
said, had been an officer in the Continental Line, joined us and took command 
of our regiment. Blount then v^'ent home, but I believe returned before we wer 

Major DeCloman, a Frenchman, was an officer in our regiment and muc 
esteemed as a gentleman and skilfi;'] .soldier. Col. Parker was along and 
had command of the regiment from the Isle of Wight. In this tour Major 
DeCloman was put under arrest for insulting and abusing Colonel Parker. 
1 remember to have seen DeCloman under arrest, and was informed that 
in a conversation about the French assisting us in the war, Col. Parker had 
said that he believed the French were deceitful; that they talked of help, but 
had never done us any good; whereupon DeCloman seized him by the collar 

and in the scuffle tore off a piece of Parker's coat. But DeCloman was 

again resored to command. 

The army went from Lawrence's through Suffolk and on towards Norfolk. 
We remained at Suffolk one or two days. The whole number under Muhlen- 
burgh was supposed to be 1200. The forces crossed a branch of Norfolk River 
on a bridge and took camps at a place called Shoulder's hill, about a half mile 
frora the bridge. The British could not easily attack us here without crossing 
the bridge. About a inile before we got to the bridge we passed a British fort 
some half-mile to our left, and 3 cannons were fired from the fort, but without 
effect. While stationed at Shoulder's Hill, the Whigs of the neighborhood, as it 
is imderstood, gave note that a party of the British had left the fort and were out 
after beef. A detachment was sent ^Her them under Col. Parker, who had a 
skirmish with the British party at a church not far from the fort. I did not go out 
with Col. Parker, but was sent with others under Captain Cuinmings to Parker's 
assistance. Captain Cummings Col. Parker retiirning. Col. Parker had one 
man killed. His name was Hutchins. He was a true Whig that lived in the neigh- 
borhood and was serving as a pilot. Parker's detachment killed and wounded 5 or 
6 of the enemy and had them brought into camp in a cart. While encamping at 
Shoulder's Hill we had many alarms., but no more fighting. 

One evening, just as the inen v,'"ere gettiag supper, we received orders to 
march. We started about sunset and crossed Northwest River on a bridge, at a 
place called Northwest Landing, about Midnight. There was a breastwork there 
called Gregory's Fort where we encamped 2 or 3 days. Fi*om this place the 
Infantry crossed the Dismal Swamp, and the baggage with a small company of 
housemen went round the swamp. 


I crossed with the Infantry, and we went on through Suffolk to Lawrence's 
Field where, I tliink, we met the baggage and horsemen, thence to Broadwater 
on the Blackwater , where we found men ready to take our places in the 
service. We were then discharged. I received a written discharge from 
Capt. Joiner, which I have since lost. In camp I served at least 9 weeks, 
and was discharged, as 1 belic^ve, in June, 1781. 

In the last of July or first of August, 1781, I was again called into ser- 
vice under Captain John Simmons in Col. Blount's regiment. The rendez- 
vous was at Surry Old Court House in what then was called Sussex County. 
We there met the militia from the adjoining counties. Col. Judkin was there 
from Sussex, and Major Boice from Surry County, who had been in the regular 
service. There was five or sLx hundred of us met at Surry Old Court House, 
thence, we marched in 2 or 3 weeks to Jamestown, remained there about 
2 days, and thence to the New Magazine near Williamsburg, stayed there 2 
or ;■) weeks imtil the arrival of the northern troops under General George 
Washington. I there saw General Washington on horseback. 

The regulars under Washington went ontoward Yorktown and our militia 
followed on in a few days. We arrived at Yorktown before a gun was firec' 
in the seige of that place. The particulars of the battle of Yorktown are known 
from history. I was present and in service during the whole of that memorable 
battle. I remember only one out of Capt. Simmons company was killed. 
Aft(;r the capitulalion of Cornwallis and his army, Col. Blount's regiment 
went with the guard of prisoners toward Winchester, but was relieved at 
Falmouth. We then marched back to Fredericksburg and were there dis- 
charged. I received a written discharge from Captain Vaughn who had taken 


command of our company in the place of Simmons who had returned home 
after the capture of Comwallis. In this compaign I served at least 9 weeks. 

I stated that I had been drafted in the first campaign herein mentioned. 
I was called into the service in the same way in each campaign in which I 
served. The County of Southampton was at am early period put into classes 
or divisions. Every man drew a ticket from a hat or box, which ticket when 
drawn designated the class or division to which he belonged. They were then 
called into service by divisions and I suppose we were rather considered 
Minute Men than as drafted. I always served as a Private, except during 
the Battle of Yorktown I acted as Sergeant. 

I married my present wife Charity, formerly CHARITY HOI.LOMAN, 
in Surry County, in February, 1783. I continued to reside in Southampton 
County imtil 1801 or 1802, then I moved to Guilfoil County, North Carolina 
(there is a Guilford Co. , in North Carolina) resided there 2 years and thence 
removed to Tennessee, Rutherford County, in which County I have ever since 
resided. I refer to Joseph Trimble, Robert Overall, Jesse Barton, Jacob 
Wright, Esra Jones, ROBERT SAUNDERS, David M. Jarratt, Jarratt 
Cocke, and Enoch H. Jones, as my neighbors to whom I am known, and who 
can testify as to my character for vei-acity, and their belief of my services 
as a soldier of the Revolution. 

I do not know of any person living by whom I can make direct proof of 
my services as a soldier in the Revolutionary War. 

I hereby relinquish every claim whatever to a pension or an annuity, 
except the present, and I declare that my name is not on the pension roll 
of any agency in any state. 



Sworn to and subscribed 
on the day and year 
first aforesaid 

Robert S. Morris, Clerk of the Comity Court 

We, David Clark, a clergyman residing in the County of Rutherford in the 

state of 1 ennessee, and David M. Jarratt; residing in the same county, 

hereby certify that we are well acquainted with Jordan Williford, who has 

subscribed and sworn to the above declaration; that we believe him to be 

77 years of age; that he is reputed and believed in the neighborhood where 

he resides to have been a soldier of the Revolution, and that we concur in 

this opinion. 

David Clark 
D. M. Jaratt 

Hobart S. Morris 

and the said court do hereby declare their opinion after the investigation 
of the matter, and after putting the interrogatories prescribed by the War 
Department, that the above named applicant was a Revolutionary soldier 
and served as he states. And the Court further certifies that it appears to 
them that David Clark who has signed the preceding certificate is a clergy- 
man, residing in said county of Rutherford, and that David M. Jarratt, who 
has also signed the same, is a resident in the same county and is a credible 
person, and that their statement is entitled to credit 

William Vinson, Chairman of the Co. Court 
for said County of Rutherford 


I, Robert Morris, Clerk of the County Court of Rutherford in the State of 
Tennessee, do hereby certify that the foregoing contains the original pro- 
ceedings of the said court, in the matter of the application of Jordan 
Williford for a pension. 

In testimony whereof I have set my 
hand and seal of office at Murfreesbo rough, 
this second day of August, in the year of 
our Lord One Thousand eight Hundred 
and thirty- six. 

Robert S. Morris, Clerk 

Note: The label endorsed on the outside is 33796 
Jordan Williford, Tennessee 
Admitted 6 mos. 5 days 



Murfreesboro, Tenn. 
June :18, 1916 

Miss Carrie Williford 

Dear Great Niece, 

I received a letter from niece Fanny Willard enclosed in a letter from you 
making inquire about the Williford Family.- 

The only Willifords I have known anything about are your father's ancestors. 
Jordan Williford, a Revolutionary soldier, lived in sight of my father's 
and I remember him. He was small and slender. He lived to be nearly 
one hundred years old. 

I was at his burial. He is buried about two miles west of Hall's Hill, a 
post office on banks of Stone River, Rutherford County, Tenn. He was your 
great-greatgrandfather. His sons were Jordan, Willis, Samuel, Robert. 
Sam was your great grandfather. His sons were CLAIBORNE, Jesse, 
William, John and James. I suppose you know about Uncle Jesse as he lived 
in Anna. I do not know what became of William. I saw John Williford in 
the army in our Civil War. He was out from Mississippi, but that is more 
than 50 years ago. James Williford died at Hall's Hill this county about 7 
years ago. He left no children. 

It may be you would like to know who it is that is writing to you. Well, I am 
your Grandmother Williford's youngest and only living brother. My youngest 
sister is living. Her name is Sarah Lucille Rion. Her post office is^ 
Murfreesboro, Tenn. RR7. There was one other sister, Nancy Jane, who 
raised a large family in Texas, and died at Pine Mills, Texas. She married 
a Mr. Reed. 

My brothers were Richard and John, and Robert. Richard was the 
father of Joe, the man that visited at your father's. Thomas raised a fam- 
ily in Arkansas and died there. John and Robert died young. 

Well I guess you are tired of reading family history. I will give my age and 
quit. I lack a little of being 79 years old. 

I have two children, Joe and James. Joe is a dentist in Murfreesboro, 
Tennessee. James lives with me. Married 53 years. Have never had a 
death in our family. 

B.J. Sanders 
Murfreesboro , Tennessee 
RR7, Box 50 

DRURY JOSIAH SANDERS, brother of Mary Elizabeth Sanders Williford, 
wife of Claiborne Holloman Williford. 


SEPT. 9th, 1778 

Furnished by Mrs, D. C. Daniel, Jr. 

The following was found on microfilm, at National Archives in Washington, 
D.C. There were assorted muster rolls on this film from various regiments 
throughout the thirteen colonies. The film was entitled "Muster Rolls from 
the Revolutionary War". The star next to a name indicates that the script was 
difficult to decipher, and hence the spellings of the names may be in error. 


1. Anthony Crutcher, Serg. 

2. John Poulson, Ditto 

3. Samuel Stringer, Ditto 

4. John Mardray, Cropl. 

5. Willis Wiggins, Ditto 

6. Pear con Peal, Ditto 

7. William Ponder, Drumr. 

8. Ezekial Whaley, Fifer 

9. Thadar Ronton, Lieut 
:^10. Thomas Metisuk 

11. Hardy Bird 

12. William Saunders 

13. Samuel Baxtor 

14. James Pulley 

15. John Harvey 

16. Balitha Tilmon 

17 . MUes Knight 



14 May 77 


11 May 76 

2 1/2 

2 1/2 

Sick Valley Forge 

13 May 76 

2 1/2 

17 Apl. 7 6 

2 1/2 

22 June 76 


30 June 77 


20 July 77 


16 Apl. 76 

2 1/2 

16 Apl. 76 

2 1/2 

1 July 77 


1 Feby. 77 


22 Nov. 76 


12 May 7 6 

2 1/2 

17 Sept. 76 


2 June 77 


9 Nov. 77 

2 1/2 



18. William Scott 
1=19. Andron Wilkins 

20. James Roberts 

21. Arthur Adams 

22. Reuben Knight 

23. William Sweat 

24. William Thurston 

25. Robert J inkins 

26. William Mitchell 

27. Abel Edmunds 

28. Jacob Braboy 

29. William Farmer 
*30. Spinoneva Naifield 

31. John Skinner 

32. Thomas Depson 

33. John Hairgroves 

34. Humphrey Callahan 

35. Thomas Scott 
3 6. John Husk 

37. William Hoggard 

38. Samuel Carter 

39. William Church 
40 . Hezekiah Jones 
41. Arthur Whitley 



3 May 77 


2 May 77 



12 July 77 


16 Aprl. 76 

2 1/2 

20 Aprl. 7 6 

2 1/2 

16 Aprl. 7 6 

2 1/2 

29 Aprl. 76 

2 1/2 

2 June 77 


1 Feb. 77 


9 May 7 6 


29 Aprl. 76 

2 1/2 

10 May 7 6 


1 May 7 6 

2 1/2 

19 Jany. 77 


19 May 77 


16 June 77 

29 Aprl. 76 
26 Aprl. 76 
12 May 7 6 
11 Aprl. 76 
2 May 76 

2 1/2 
2 1/2 
2 1/2 
2 1/2 
2 1/2 



42. Mathon Herring 

43. John Shean 

44. Nathaniel Cooper 

45. Ephraim Hooks 

46. Elexander Flood 

47. John Tilmon 

48. Theophilas Hays 

49. Andrew Saunders 

50. William Swinson 

51. Francis Copes 

5 2. Robert Williams 

53. Richard Roberts 

54. Morson Williams 
*55. William Conell 

5 6. Brien Smith 

57. John Parrish 

58. John Stringer 

59. Stephen Emory 

60. Francis Sumner 

61. Archibd. Henderson 

62. Mark Waycraft 

63. Joseph Seaborn 
=^64. Zane Rhoads 





8 July 77 


21 July 77 


5 May 76 

2 1/2 

9 May 7 6 

2 1/2 

4 July 77 


1 July 77 


3 March 7 6 

2 1/2 

1 Feb. 77 


1 Feb. 77 


29 Mar. 77 


7 Oct. 77 

1 Sept. 7 6 

1 Feb. 77 

1 Dec. 75 
13 June 77 
1 Feb. 77 

2 1/2 

2 1/2 

At Shoe Factory 



U. Master Genl. Di 



Sick Valley Forge 




Sick at Genl. Hosp: 


Sick amwell Churcl 



65. Michail Bull 

66. David Wall 

67. Elisha Mills 

68. Thomas Pierce 

69. Thomas Pridgion 
:=70. Abraham Therrell 

71. William Jones 

7 2. William Tilmon 

73. John Cummin 

74. Solomon Jonnett 








Sick At Jamestown 

9 Nov. 77 



2 1/2 

Sick at Reading 

2 July 77 


Sick at Princetown 

2 July 77 


Sick at Brunswick 

1 July 77 



2 1/2 

Sick at Georgetown, M( 

1 Feb. 77 



Excellencyes Guarc 

Thos. Evans, Lieutenant 
Richd. Andrews, Ensign 


Prepared by Mrs. D. C. Daniel, Jr. 

IMPORTANT: Publication of queries in this column is free to all members 
as space permits. Each query must appear on a full sheet of paper which 
must be dated and include member's nanne and address. Please type if 
possible. Queries should give as much pertinent data as possible, i. e. 
approximate/actual dates of birth, marriage, death, etc. Queries must 
connections. Address all correspondence relating to queries to the Society, 
P.O. Box 906, Murfreesboro, TN 37130. 

DEADLINE DATES: March 31 for Summer Publication - August 31 for 
Winter Publication. 

No. 1 FELKER - BAILEY: Susan Felker had 2 sons in 1830 Ruth. Co. 
census, one named John Anderson Felker, b. 1819 TN. What 
is the name of the other son who married Nanc y ? listed as 

head of household in 1850 census and relationship of Rebecca 
Justice living with her? Is she Bailey? Mildred Felker, 607 E. 
Pitkin Ave. , Pueblo, CO 81004 

NO. 2 DUNAWAY: Need info on: Parents, brothers, sisters of Jacob L,ee 
Dunaway (my grandfather) b. Ruth. Co. 1860. Parents, brothers, 
sisters &. children of Jacob Dunaway, d. 13 July (year not given) 
Davidson Co. , TN. Elizabeth Jane (Dunaway) Dunaway (wife of 
Jacob Dunaway) and her parents, brothers & sisters. Walter E. 
Bostick, 5332 Jackson St. , North Highland, CA 95660. 

No. 3 RAINEY - RANEY : Has bible records of this family who moved from 
Ruth. Co. to TX. Also has iiifo on following families: RECTOR, 
Aaron E. Land y, M.D. , 14 S. Jefferson St. , San Angelo, TX 76901 

No. 4 RAMSEY : Need info on: John, b. ca 1790 and James Ramsey, sons 
of William Ramsey, Sr. , Rev. War soldier . John's son, John 
Johnson Ramsey, married Jane ? , where? and lived in AL. 
1st child, Lucinda, b.l833. Connection with Overall. Mrs. James 
R. Dillard , 1514 Ri dge Dr. , Sheffield, AL 35660. 

Martha Trimble (brother, Charles Trimble) m. 1821 Ruth. Co. , 
William Davis. Dau; Nancy, m. Woodfin; son: Joseph; dau: Mary 
Jane m. 8 Aug. 1844 Ruth. Co. , Albert Jefferson Calhoun, moved 
to MS and TX, son of George W. Calhoun. Need parents: Gerogc 
W. Calhoun of Abbeville, S.C. , m. Elizabeth Trimble (half sister 


of Ma x-th a) . Mrs. M.E. Arnold , Rte. 2, Box 62. S. , Ric hmond , 
TX 77469. 

No. 6 BARN ES - STOW/E - SIMS - SMITH - MANN: Need info re: 

parents, brothers, sisters, children of Gabriel Barnes, b. ca. 1770 
m. Lucy Ann Stow in Charlotte Co. , VA in 1830 census Ruth. Co. 
Son: Daniel T. Barnes, b. 1794 m.. Ruth. Co. Susannah Sims. Need 
info her father, Swepson Sims, N.C.? Grandson: Charles L. Barnes 
b. 1852 m. Ruth Co. Eliza B. Smith. Need info her parents: Andrew- 
Jackson Smith & Jane Mann (lived Rucker, Christiana). C. L. 
VanNatta, Box 28 62, Rocky River, OH 44116. 

^'"- '^ J0:FIN50N - MARLIN: Need info: Ned Johnson (parents, brothers, 
sisters, wife), son: Burrell Perry Johnson, b. 2 Oct. 1808. Need 
info: Rache l ? b. 1775 and possible husband, William Marlin. 
Mrs. R. H . Johns on, 615 Webb St. , Lafayette, LA 70501 

A member of our society is a genealogist. 
Airs. Lalia Lester 
1307 W. Northfield Blvd. 
Murfreesboro, TN 37130 
Tel. (015) 89 6-9089 


Index for Publication Number 8 







































A rnold 














Blank enship 
























Bo Stic 

























































C ant r ell 































































6-5 6-61 




























































































Hair groves 
























































He stand 












Hollo man 































Huddles ton 































Hut chins 











































Jink ins 





































































































Maybe rry 














































P endleton 

































P rettiman 



















51-5 6 








R a gland 



























Rear toe 









































































































































Tho mason 









































































Van CI eve 























































































W rather 














Young 12-18 

Youree 46 

Zumbro 8 

---FOR SALE--- 

The following publications are for sale by the Rutherford County 

Historical Society. Box 906 Murfreesboro, Tenn. 37130. 

Publications #1-2-4 out of print 

Publica t ion #3 Rutherford Marriage Records 1857-59; Pre-history of 

Rutherford Co. ; Gen. Griffith Rutherford; 1803 Petition for Forma- 
tion of County; Militia Commissions 1821-1830; and Rock Springs 
Church History $3. 00 + $. 50 postage 

Publication #5 Nashville and Chattanooga Railroad; Rutherford Co. 

Postoffices and Postmasters; The Rutherford Rifles; and Hardemans 
Mill $3. 00 + $.50 postage 

Publication #6 Link Community; History of LaVergne; Fellowship 

Comm'onity; and the Sanders Family $3. 00 + $. 50 postage 

Publication #7 ---Hopewell Church Church 1816-1883; Stones River 

Prestyberian Church; Cripple Creek Presbyterian Church; Early 
Militia Order, Petition by Cornelius Sanders for Rev. War Pension. 
$3. 00 + $. 50 postage. 

1840 Ruthe rford Census ^with index $5.00 + $.50 postage 

Deed Abstracts of Rutherfor d Count y 1803-181 

Names of early landowners and other genealogical information from 
early deeds $10. 00 + $. 50 postage 

Wanted for Future Publications 
Articles on the following subjects 

1. History of the U. S. National Cemetery at Stones River Battlefield. 

2. Location of early land grants 

3. History of Old Jefferson 

4. 1820 census in alphabetical order 

5. History of Brown's Mill 

6. Early roads and turnpikes 

7. List of marriages recorded by the WPA but not found by the DAR in 
their book on "Marriage Bonds for Rutherford Co. , 1803-1850" 

8. History of Ridley or Davis Mill 

Three volumes of cemetery records published jointly with the Sons of the 
American Revolution. The cemetery records took seven years to prepare 
for publishing, however, additional material information is still being 
found and will be published at a later date! The cemetery volumes may 
be ordered from William Walkup, 202 Ridley St. , Smyrna, Tenn. 37167. 

Vol. I Covers the Northwest portion of the coimty, includes Percy 

Priest Lake area and parts of Wilson and Davidson Counties, 25 6 
cemeteries with index and maps $10. 00 + $. 50 postage 

Vol. II Eastern portion of Rutherford and the Western part of Cannon 

Co. , 241 cemeteries with index and maps $10. 00 + $. 50 postage 

Vol . Il l Southwestern portion of Rutherford County, 193 cemeteries, 

index and maps $10. 00 + $.50 postage 

Also available from William Walkup, 202 Ridley St. , Smyrna, Tenn. 37167., 
is a map of Rutherford County showing the roads, streams, and landowners 
dated 1878. $3. 50 + $. 50 postage 

as of December 15, 1976 

Mr. & Mrs. W. D. Adkerson 
Route 8, Compton Road 
Murfreesboro, TN 37130 

Mrs. M. E. Arnold 
Route 2, Box 62-S 
Richmond, TX 77469 

Ha^'nes Baltimore 
302 Haynes Drive 
Murfreesboro, TN 37130 

Robert T. Batey 
Route 1, Box 44 
Nolensville, TN 37135 

Tom Batey 

Box 578 

Murfreesboro, TN 37130 

Walter E. Bostick 

5332 Jackson St. 

North Highlands, CA 95660 

Miss Margaret Brevard 
903 E. Lytle 
Murfreesboro, TN 37130 

Dr. and Mrs, Fred Brigance 
1202 Scottland Drive 
Murfreesboro, TN 37130 

Mrs. Charles L. Briley 
Rural Vale, Route 3 
^tlrfreesboro, TN 37130 

Mrs. J. W. Brown 
126 Sequoia Drive 
Springfield, TN 37172 

Mrs. Lida N. Brugge 
714 Chickasaw Road 
Murfreesboro, TN 37130 

Mrs. Sara Bain Bunting 
225 N. University 
Murfreesboro, TN 37130 

Mr, and Mrs. J. T. Burnette 
P.O. Box 2 
Smjrrna, TN 37167 

Mrs. Jean Caddel 

Box 654 

Waxahachie, TX 75165 

Mr. and Mrs. J. D. Carmack 
RED #4, Sulphur Springs Road 
Murfreesboro, TN 37130 

Cecil J. Cates 

1103 Rutherford Blvd. 

Murfreesboro, TN 37130 

Colonel Charles R. Cawthon 
1311 Delaware Avenue, SW 
Apartment S-245 
Washington, DC 20024 

Miss Louise Cawthon 

1002 E. Northfield Blvd. E-107 

Murfreesboro, TN 37130 

Almond Chaney 
Sanford Road 
LaVergne, TN 37086 

Mrs. George Chaney 
P.O. Box 114 
LaVergne, TN 37086 

James L. Chrlsman 
2728 Sharondale Court 
Nashville, TN 37215 

George D. Clark 
2005 S. Memorial Ct . 
Pasadena, TX 77502 

Mrs. James K. Clayton 
525 E. College 
Murfreesboro, TN 37130 

'■r. fx Mrs. Woodrov Coleman 
1206 Belle Meade lilvd. 
Nashville, TN 37205 

Dr. Robert Corlew 
Manson Pike, Route 2 
Murfreesboro, TN 37130 

Miss Edith Craddock 
1202 Kirkwood 
Murfreesboro, TN 37130 

Mrs. A. W. Cranker 
305 Tyne 
Murfreesboro, TN 37130 

Mrs. Martha C. Crutchfield 
1507 Maymont Drlvo 
Murfreesboro, TN 37130 

Dallas Public Library 
1^54 Commerce Street 
Dallas, TX 75201 

Mrs. Susan G. Daniel 
2103 Foxdale Drive 
Murfreesboro, TN 37130 

Frances Helen Dark 

P.O. Box 27 

Spring Hill, TN 37174 

Mrs. Mary Lee Davidson 
210 Kingwood Drive 
Murfreesboro, TN 37130 

Charles V. Davis 
Box 119, Route 5 
Scottsboro, AL 35768 

Mrs. Florence Davis 

Old Nashville Hwy. , Rt. 2 

Smyrna, TN 37167 

Mrs. James R. Dillard 
1514 Ridge Drive 
Sheffield, AL 35660 

Lowry S. Dodd 
1803 Leaf Avenue 
Murfreesboro, TN 37130 

Mrs. Constance Dunlap 
226 Grandview Drive 
Murfreesboro, TN 37130 

Dr. Parker D. Elrod 
110 Swan Street 
Centerville, TN 37033 

Don Rogers Farmer 
1617 Fannin St. , #2401 
Houston, TX 77002 

Mrs. Moulton Farrar, Jr. 
502 Park Center Drive 
Nashville, TN 37205 

Miss Mildred Felker 
607 E. Pitkin 
Pueblo, CO 81004 

Mrs. Robert Fletcher 
14 President Way 
Belleville, TL 62223 

Miss Myrtle Ruth Foutch 
103 G Street, SW 
Washington, DC 20024 

John H. Fox 

1018 Northfield Blvd. 

Murfreesboro, TN 37130 

Mrs. Edna G. Fry 

Box 470 

Melfa, VA 23410 

Mrs. Carl E, Goodwin 
Route 8, Sanford Drive 
Murfreesboro, TN 37130 

Dr. and Mrs. Thomas G. Gordon 

Box 722 

Murfreesboro, TN 37130 

Mrs. Robin Gould 
2900 Connecticut Ave., 
Apartment 324 
Washington, DC 20008 

Mrs. Judy L. Green 
1214 Coffee Avenue 
Murfreesboro, TN 37130 

Mrs. Robert Gwynne 
Brittain Hills Farm 
Rock Springs Road 
Smyrna, TN 37167 

Mr. Donald L. Hagerman 
807 Sunset Avenue 
Murfreesboro, TN 37130 

Miss Mary Hall 
821 E. Burton 
Murfreesboro, TN 37130 


Mrs. Jack R. Herriage 
Route 11, Box 371 
Tyler, TX 75701 

Mrs. B. K. Ilibbett, Jr. 
2160 Old Hickory Blvd. 
Nashville, TN 37215 

Mrs. James M. Hobbs 
9722 Stanford Avenue 
Garden Grove, CA 92641 

Mr. Charles E. Hodge, II 
505 Hazelwood Drive 
Smyrna, TN 37167 

Miss Aurelia L. Holden 
415 E. Main Street 
Murfreesboro, TN 37130 

Mrs. John W. Hollar 
3431 N. 17th Avenue 
Phoenix, AZ 85015 

Dr. Ernest Hooper 
202 Second Avenue 
Murfreesboro, TN 37130 

Miss Elizabeth Hoover 
400 E. College Street 
Murfreesboro, TN 37130 

Walter King Hoover 
101 Division 
Smyrna, TN 37167 

Mr. and Mrs. Robert Hoskins 
310 Tyne 
Murfreesboro, TN 37130 

Mr. C. B. Huggins, Jr. 
915 E. Main Street 
Murfreesboro, TN 37130 

Dr. James K. Huhta 
507 East Northfield 
Murfreesboro, TN 37130 

Mr. and Mrs. Jack I. Inman 
5712 Vine Ridge Drive 
Nashville, TN 37205 

Mrs. Dallas Isom 
1019 Houston Drive 
Murfreesboro, TN 37130 

Robert T. Jacobs 
Beech Grove, TN 37018 

Ernest King Johns 
Box 85, Route 1 
Smyrna, TN 37167 

Thomas N. Johns 
501 Mary Street 
Smyrna, TN 37167 

Mrs. Buford Johnson 
May fie Id Drive 
Smyrna, TN 37167 

Mrs. R. H. Johnson 
615 Webb Street 
LaFayette, IJi 70501 

Homer Jones 

1815 Ragland Avenue 

Murfreesboro, TN 37130 

Dr. Robert B. Jones, III 
819 West Northfield 
Murfreesboro, TN 37130 

Dr. and Mrs. Belt Keathley 
1207 Whitehall Road 
Murfreesboro, TN 37130 

Miss Adeline King 
Cambridge Apartments 
1506 18th Avenue, South 
Nashville, TN 37212 

Mr. and Mrs. W. H. King 
2107 Greenland Drive 
Murfreesboro, TN 37130 

Mr. and Mrs. George Kinnard 
Windsor Towers, Apt. 1110 
4215 Harding Road 
Nashville, TN 37205 

Dr. Howard Kirksey 
1015 East Bell 
I-furfreesboro, TN 37130 

Mrs. Lawrence Klingaman 
851 NE 128th Street 
North Miami, FL 33161 

John B. Lane 
P.O. Box 31 
Smyrna, TN 37167 

Dr. Samuel D. Lane 
105 Clarendon Avenue 
Nashville, TN 37205 

John Lasseter 
616 Thrush 
Miirfreesboro, TN 37130 

William C. I.edbetter, Jr. 
115 N. University 
Murfreesboro, TN 37130 

Mr. and Mrs. L. J. Lemieux 
410 Kingwood Drive 
Murfreesboro, TN 37130 

>{rs. Lalia Lester 
1307 Northfield Blvd. 
Murfreesboro, TN 37130 

T. Vance Little 
Beech Grove Farm 
Brentwood, TN 37027 

Mrs. Louise G. Lynch 
Route 5 

Franklin, TN 37064 

Michael J. Martich 

95 Post Avenue 

Battle Creek, Ml 49017 

Robert L. Mason 
Route #1, Hare Lane 
Milton, TN 37118 

firs. Dorothy M. Matheny 
1434 Diana Street 
Murfreesboro, TN 37130 

T. Ed Matheny 
102 Park Circle 
Columbia, TN 38401 

Mr. and Mrs. J. C. Matheny 
719 Rwing Blvd. 
^furfreesboro, TN 37130 

Maury County Library 
211 West 8th Street 
Columbia, TN 38401 

Mrs, James McBroom, Jr. 
Route 2, Box 131 
Christiana, TN 37037 

Mr. W. C. McCaslin 
Bradyville, TN 37026 

Mrs. Mason McCrary 
209 Kingwood Drive 
Murfreesboro, TN 37130 

Mr. & Mrs. Ben Hall McFarlin 
Route 2, Manson Pike 
Murfreesboro, TN 37130 

Mrs. Elise McKnight 
2602 Loyd Street 
Murfreesboro, TN 37130 

Kirby McNabb 

Route 1 

Readyville, TN 37149 

Mrs. Evelyn Merritt 

R.R. #1 

Newman, IL 61942 

Miss Luby H. Miles 
Monroe House, Apt. 601 
522 21st St. , NW 
Washington, DC 20006 

Donald E. Moser 
1618 Riverview Drive 
Murfreesboro, TN 37130 

Wm. David Mullins 
1207 Coarsey Drive 
Nashville, TN 37217 

Eugene R. >{ullins 
2400 Sterling Road 
Nashville, TN 37215 

Mrs. David Naron 
459 Blair Road 
LaVergne, TN 37086 

Mr. and Mrs. James B. Nelson 
206 E. Clark Blvd. 
Murfreesboro, TN 37130 

Laws on B. Nelson 

13812 Whispering Lake Dr. 

Sun City, AZ 85351 

Mrs. J. H. Oliver 
The Corners 
Readyville, TN 37149 

Mr. Harry M. Patillo 

Box 1 

Eagleville, TN 37067 

Dr. John A. Patten 
2214 Riley Road 
Murfreesboro, TN 37130 

Charles C. Pearcy 
LaVergne, TN 37086 

Dean Pearson 
414 Ross Drive 
Smyrna, TN 37167 

Walt Pfelfer 
Box 1936 
Abilene, TX 79601 

Dr. and Mrs. Homer Pittard 
309 Tyne 
Murfreesboro, TN 37130 

Mr, and Mrs. William 0. Pointer 

Route 4 

Murfreesboro, TN 37130 

James T. Pollard 
3401 Leith Avenue 
Fort Worth, TX 76133 

Bobby Pope 
Old U.S. 41 
LaVergne, TN 37086 

Mr. and Mrs. Bob Ragland 

Box 544 

Murfreesboro, TN 37130 

Mrs. Frances R. Richards 
Apt. 33, Executive House 
Smyrna, TN 37167 

Granville Ridley 
730 E. Main 
Murfreesboro, TN 37130 

Billy J. Rogers 

506 Jean Drive, Route 2 

LaVergne, TN 37086 

Mrs. Elvis Rushing 
604 N. Spring 
Murfreesboro, TN 37130 

Thomas L. Russell 
1611 Montdale Road 
Huntsville, AL 35801 

Misses Racheal & Sara Lou Sanders 
1311 Greenland Drive, Apt. D- 1 
Murfreesboro, TN 37130 

Richmond Sanders 

205 Cumberland Circle 

Nashville, TN 37214 

Mr. and Mrs. Robert M. Sanders 
Route #4, Box 267 
Murfreesboro, TN 37130 

Dr. and Mrs. Robert S. Sanders 
P.O. Box 1275 
Murfreesboro, TN 37130 

John F. Scarbrough, Jr. 
701 Fairview 
Murfreesboro, TN 37130 

Mr. and Mrs. John Shacklett 
307 S, Tennessee Blvd. 
Murfreesboro, TN 37130 

Mrs. J. Mahlon Sharp 
Route 2, Almaville Road 
Smyrna, TN 37167 

Charles E. Shelby 
P.O. Box 6734 
Savannah, GA 31405 

William A, Shull, Jr. 
4211 Ferrara Drive 
Silver Springs, MD 20906 

Don Simmons 
Melber, KY 42069 

Eugene Sloan 

728 Greenland Drive 

Murfreesboro, TN 37130 

Miss Becky Smith 
1910 Memorial Blvd. 
Murfreesboro, TN 37130 

Colonel Sam W. Smith 
318 Tyne 
Murfreesboro, TN 37130 

Miss Dorothy Smotherraan 
1220 N. Spring Street 
Murfreesboro, TN 37130 

Mrs. James E. Smotherraan 

Route #1 

College Grove, TN 37046 

Mrs. Nell Smotherraan 
207 Kingwood Drive 
Murfreesboro, TN 37130 

Travis Smotherman 
21 Vaughn's Gap Road 
Apartment B- 28 
Nashville, TN 37205 

Mrs. E. C. Stewart 
127 Inner Circle 
Maxwell AFB, AL 36113 

Mrs, Carl V. Stine 
Route 2, Box 780 
Azle, TX 76020 

Allen J. Stockard 
1330 Franklin Road 
Murfreesboro, TN 37130 

Mrs, Robert Mac Stone 
921 We St view Avenue 
Nashville, TN 37205 

Mr, Roy Tarwater 
815 W. Clark Blvd. 
Murfreesboro, TN 37130 

Dr. Robert L. Taylor, Jr. 
1810 Jones Blvd. 
Murfreesboro, TN 37130 

Mr. C. L. VanNatta 

P.O. Box 2862 

Rocky River, OH 44116 

Mrs. Joe VanSickle 
910 Ewing 
Murfreesboro, TN 37130 

Mrs. J. Wilbur Vaughan 
204 Poplar Street 
Martin, TN 38237 

Mrs. Frances H. Vaughn 
5155 Abel Lane 
Jacksonville, FL 32205 

Mrs. Emmett VJaldron 

Box 4 

LaVergne, TN 37086 

Mr. and Mrs. Wm. Walkup 
202 Ridley Street 
Smyrna, TN 37167 

Mrs. George F. Watson 
Executive House, B-17 
Franklin, TN 37064 

Mayor and Mrs. W.H. Westbrooks 

306 Tyne 
Murfreesboro, TN 37130 

Charles Wharton 
917 Crownhill Drive 
Nashville, TN 37217 

Miss Kate l-Jharton 
Box 156, Route 2 
Apopka, FL 32703 

Miss Virginia Wilkinson 
1118 E. Clark 
Murfreesboro, TN 37130 

Ammon Williamson 

Route 2 

Murfreesboro, TN 37130 

Mrs. Virginia Wilson 
507 Winfrey Drive 
>furfreesboro, TN 37130 

Mrs, Pauline H. Womack 

307 E. Monroe 
Greenwood, MS 38930 

Mrs. John Woodfin 
1320 Richland Place 
Murfreesboro, TN 37130 

Mrs. Jane Snell Woods 
3428 Hampton Avenue 
Nashville, TN 37215 

Henry G. Wray 
24367 Fir Avenue 
Sunnymead, CA 92388 

Mrs. A. H. Wright, Jr. 
1415 Harding Place 
Nashville, TN 37215 

F. Craig Youree 
Route #2 
Readyville, TN 37149 

Mr. Bill Walkup 
202 Ridley Street 
Smyrna, TN 37167 


Call Number 





Rutherford County Historical 








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