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RUTHERFORD COUNTY 
HISTORICAL SOCIETY 

Publication No. 14 




Sketch by Jimmy Matheny 



THE JOHN LYTLE HOUSE 





Winter 1 980 



Murfreesboro, Tennessee 37130 



The Cover 

The cover is a drawing of John Taylor Lytle' s 
home which once stood on the Franklin Road six miles 
from Murf reesboro. The house was torn down a few years 
ago and a new home built on the same site is now owned 
by the J. B. McNeil family. 

Appreciation is given to James Matheny for drawing 
the cover, County Executive Ben Hall McFarlin and Mrs. 
Ladelle Craddock, who were very helpful in preparing 
this publication for printing. The authors and persons 
who furnished articles used in this publication-Dr . 
Ernest Hooper, Jane Snell Woods, Tom L. Russell, 
Clarice Miller and Edna Fry are also due the appreciation 
and thanks from the Rutherford County Historical Society. 



RUTHERFC«D COUNTY HISTCRICAL SOCIETY 
PUBLICATIC»I NO. 14 

Published by the 
RUTHERFORD COUNTY HISTORICAL SOCIETY 

CFFICERS 

President Mr. William Vfelkup 

Vice-President Mr. Gene Sloan 

Recording Secretary Miss Louise Cawthon 

Corresponding Secretary & Treasurer. , .Mrs, Kelly Ray 
Publication Secretary Mr. Walter K. Hoover 

Directors Mrs. Dotty Patty 

Miss Aurelia Holden 
Dr. Ernest Hooper 



Publication No 14 (Limited Edition- 350 copies) is 
distributed to members of the Society. The annual member- 
ship dues is $7.00 (Family -$9.00) which includes the 
regular publications and the monthly NEWSLETTER to all 
members. Additional copies of Publication No. 14 may be 
obtained at $3.50 per copy. 

All correspondence concerning additional copies, 
contributions to future issues, and membership should be 
addressed to: 

Rutherford County Historical Society 

Box 906 

Murf reesboro, Tennessee 37130 



LIBRA RY 

MIDDLE TENNESSEE STATE UNIVERSITT 
MURfRIESiORO, TENNESSEE 37130 



FOR SALE 

THE FOLLOWING PUBLICATIONS ARE FCR SALE BY: 

The Rutherford County Historical Society 

Box 906 

Murf reesboro, Tennessee 37130 

Publications # 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 8 and 9 OUT OF PRINT 

Publication # 6" :Link Community, LaVergne, Fellowship 

and the Sanders family $3.50 + $1.00 postage 

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COMMEMORATIVE PLATES : 

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Plate #3: Rutherford County Courthouse, 1900-$ 5.00 + $1.00 postage 

Available from: William Walkup, 202 Ridley St, Smyrna, Tn 37167 

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CEMETERY RECORDS OF Rutherford County: 

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with index and maps $10.00 + $1.00 postage 

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cemeteries with index and maps $10.00 + $1.00 postage 

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Murf reesboro, Tennessee 37130 
Marriage Records of Rutherford County 

1851 - 1872 $10.00 + $1.00 postage 

80-14793 



TABLE of CONTENTS 



-First Presbyterian Church, Murf reesboro, Tenn 1 

by: Dr. Ernest Hooper 

^ The Kirks and Montgomery s 3 3 

by: Alexander Montgomery 

furnished by Jane Snell Woods 



A History of the Russell Homeplace 
by: Tom L. Russell 



Index 



49 



yjohn Taylor Lytle 5 5 

by: Clarice Miller 

Revolutionary Pension Record of John M. Leak 72 

furnished by Mrs. Edna Fry 



77 



FIRST PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH, MURFREESBORO, TENNESSEE 

THE FIRST CENTURY 
Ernest Hooper 

"Rev. Robert Henderson settled among us and Commenced his Labours 

June first 1811." This inscription on the fly leaf of the first record 

book of the congregation indicates that Presbyterians were worshiping in 

the vicinity of Murfree Spring at least ten months before the formal 

organization of the congregation which is recorded as follows: 

April 1812 

A number of persons living in the neighborhood of Murfree Spring 
in Rutherford County, Tennessee, being desirous that a church 
should be organized in that neighborhood of the Presbyterian 
order, met, and were accordingly organized into a church denom- 
inated the Murfree Spring Church, by the Rev. Robert 
Henderson. . . . 

Next the record lists three ruling elders: Robert Wasson, John Smith, 

William D. Baird and, then, fifteen other charter members: Joseph Dickson, 

Margaret Dickson, Mary Dickson, Isabella Smith, John Henry, Susanna 

Henry, Frances Henderson, Mary Stewart, Abigail Baird, Margaret Jetton, 

Mrs. Samuel Wilson, Grace Williams, Elizabeth Kelton, Margaret Wasson, 

Jane C. Smith. Assuming that each surname represented a separate family, 

there were eleven families represented. 

From 1812 to 1818 the minutes only list the names of the ministers: 

Robert Henderson, Thomas J. Hall, James Bowman, George Newton, and Jesse 

Alexander. It appears that the congregation worshipped twice a month, 

first in a log schoolhouse near the spring then in another near the pres- 

2 
ent site of St. Paul's Episcopal Church. 

The Reverend Mr, Henderson had moved to Columbia in 1813 and, in 

addition to preaching, had taught school. One of his students was James 




Reverend William Eagleton, D.D. 
Minister, 1829-1866 

This portrait \A/as presented to First Presbyterian 
Church by the artist, Richard C. Shacklett, on 
January 1 1, 1976. 



In 1 829, Dr. Eagleton \A/as laid to rest beside 
his \A/ife(\A/ho had preceded him in death about 
two years before) in the burial plot on the 
plantation of their daughter and her husband, 
Elvira Eagleton Campbell and Samuel Campbell. 
The Burial Site is three miles south\A/est of 
Murfreesboro on the Midland Road. 



K. Polk who was destined to have several connections with the Presbyterian 
Church in Murfreesboro. Perhaps, on Henderson's advice, he came to 
Murfreesboro and studied for a year in the academy of another Presbyterian, 
the Reverend Samuel P. Black. In 1819, he would return as clerk of the 
Senate and serve through the special session of 1822, which met in the 
First Presbyterian Church after the courthouse burned. In 1823, he 
entered the House of Representatives from Maury County. On New Year's 
Day 1824, he married Sarah Childress, another Presbyterian, with her pas- 
tor and his teacher, the Reverend Dr. Robert Henderson officiating. ^ 
Greeneville College had conferred a doctorate in divinity on Henderson in 
1818, the same year he returned to Murfreesboro to serve the church he 
had founded six years before. 

Murfreesboro and the Murfree Spring congregation were born about 
the same time, and in October 1818 the congregation changed its name to 
First Presbyterian Church, Murfreesboro. By April 1, 1820 it had built 
a brick building on Vine [then known as Church] Street. While the minutes 
do not mention the construction, William Lytle's deed, of that date, 
mentions the church building upon it.* Later (1837) the city bought land 
to the east and south for a cemetery. When the congregation moved in 1867, 
it sold its property for burial plots and the land is now included in the 
Old City Cemetery area. 

The building was approximately forty by sixty feet with a cupola, 
probably capped by a dome. There were three large doors facing Vine. A 
vestibule had stairs on either side leading to the gallery which surrounded 
the east, north, and west walls of the sanctuary. The north part was the 
choir loft, and a pipe organ was installed about 1855. In the sanctuary 



there were eight-foot pews on the east and west sides with a twelve-foot 
pew in the center, probably twelve or fourteen rows since the capacity 
was estimated at two hundred fifty to three hundred. The pulpit was 
approximately five by ten feet and two or three steps above the floor. 

There are only four references to the property in the minutes before 
the Civil War. We may hope that this reflected the Session's conviction 
that the Church was the body of believers and not the building. There is 
no record of the number of communicants when Dr. Henderson returned in 
1818, but there were seventy when he left in 1825. He had seen the Church 
grow four- fold in thirteen years. A newspaper notice expressing thanks 
indicated that he also taught school while in Murfreesboro.° 

The Reverend Dr. John W. Hall succeeded Dr. Henderson, and the 
first fairly complete report recorded was in September 1826 for the 
previous year. The year had begun with seventy communicants; ten had 
been added by letter and twenty-one by examination; ten had been removed 
from the roll: six by dismissal, one by suspension, and three by death; 
leaving ninety-one conmuni cants, a gain of twenty-one or thirty percent. 
Two adults and thirty infants had been baptized. The minister had been 
promised $400 per year and the congregation had given a total of $176.50 
to benevolences: $21.00 to Chickasaw missions, $1,00 to domestic missions, 
$1.00 to Presbyterial Fund, $133.00 to a theological seminary and $20.50 
to an educational fund. Dr. Hall moved to Gallatin in 1829. 

The most remarkable pastorate in the nineteenth century began in 
December 1829 when the Reverend William Eagleton, D. D. brought his family 
across the Cumberlands from Southern and Western Seminary in Maryville and 
from the Grassy Valley Presbyterian Church. Dr. Eagleton had been educated 



by a very remarkable minister and teacher. When Dr. Isaac Anderson con- 
cluded that he could not persuade enough ministers to come to the Southwest, 
he founded the Southern and Western Seminary in Maryville-'forerunner of 
Maryville College. Young William was ordained and served the Presbyterian 
Church in Kingston until he was called back to teach in the Seminary. 
Meantime he had married Margaret Ewing, also of Blount County, in 1817. 
Dr. Eagleton's skill as a teacher is attested by the fact that after his 
son, George, graduated from Union University in 1851, he studied theology 
with his father for a year and was admitted by examination for the other 
two years of seminary training, one at Maryville and the other at Union 
Seminary in New York. 

Dr. Eagleton was also an effective evangelist, both in the church 
and in the camp meetings which were so popular. The records are incom- 
plete, but for the twenty-eight years for which we have the figures, there 
was an average of twenty-four additions per year and an average membership 
of 217. Despite the fact that this was still a frontier area and large 
numbers of adults were moving in, the ratio of admissions by profession 
to those by certificate was better than four to one, 544 to 128. This 
growth was even more remarkable when we note that a number of members 
left over a church schism about 1840, that sixty-odd were encouraged to 
organize a congregation at Kelton Camp Ground in 1838 and another thirty- 
three organized a congregation at Sulphur Springs about 1854. 

The controversies which split Presbyterians in the late 1830s divided 
the Murfreesboro congregation briefly. The names of the two groups are 
confusing, but in the 1830s, the general assemblies of the Presbyterian 
Church, U.S.A. were riven by struggles between the New School group which 



wished to continue the cooperation and easy fellowship with the Congrega- 
tional Church, which had prevailed as they sought to evangelize the fron- 
tier, and the Old School group which objected to receiving ministers into 
Presbyterian fellowship unless they fully accepted the standards of the 
Westminster Confession of Faith. The Old School group also wished to 
establish denominational agencies instead of participating in the inter- 
denominational mission boards that had been established. The Old School 
group secured control in the assemblies of 1837 and 1838, expelled several 
presbyteries and synods, and established denominational boards. 

In the fall of 1839, the Synod of West Tennessee, meeting at Hunts- 
ville, Alabama, divided and Dr. Eagleton and Elder William D. Baird affil- 
iated with the New School Synod. When Eagleton and Baird returned to 
Murfreesboro, they found Elders James Maney and Johnathan Currin prepared 
with resolutions repudiating their actions and declaring that the Church 
would adhere to the Old School Synod. One of the resolutions bore elo- 
quent testimony to Dr. Eagleton's stature; it declared that the repudiation 
was necessary "not from any want of confidence in the ministerial qualifi- 
cations or piety of our beloved pastor" but because he had withdrawn himself 
from the Presbyterian Church, U.S.A. When the resolutions were put to a 
vote, Maney and Currin voted aye. Elders George Calhoon and David Mitchell 
voted nay. Elder Baird declined to vote, feeling it unconstitutional. 
This left the moderator. Dr. Eagleton, under the awkward necessity of 
breaking the tie, and he voted nay. Dr. Maney and Mr. Currin promptly 
entered a protest claiming to be the constitutional Session and entitled 
to the books, muniments, etc. 



There is not space here to trace the fascinating effort at concilia- 
tion; we may summarize by saying that Dr. Eagleton and the three New School 
members of the Session regularly acknowledged the rights of the Old School 
members to worship in the building and offered to divide the use of the 
building according to the number of adherents of the two sides, which this 
group judged as 188 New School to 18 Old School, but no satisfactory 
arrangement was worked out. A congregational meeting elected Samuel Hodge 
and David Wendel to the Session in early April 1840, and the congregation 
supported the ideas of the New School church courts. It switched its 
support from a ministerial student who sided with the Old School party 
and it supported benevolences through the various interdenominational 
agencies. 

The sentiments were indicated by a contribution of $53.25 in January 
1841 to the American Tract Society for foreign distribution. Later in the 
same month, it made a contribution of $30.00 to constitute Dr. Eagleton a 
life member of the A.M.E.S. which appears to have been an interdenomina- 
tional education society. In April of 1841, the Session proposed to call 
attention to the benevolence requests of Shiloh Presbytery: domestic 
missions, foreign missions under the American Board of Commissioners for 
Foreign Missions, and the education of young men for the ministry. However, 
it pled the number of calls for aid as an excuse for delay. 

Elders Maney and Currin resumed their seats in the Session without 

any recorded explanation on November 10, 1841. The Minutes of November 28, 

1841 do say, in reference to a protracted meeting (18 days & 19 nights): 

. . . the saving arm of the Lord has been uncovered and His 
mercy gloriously triumphant. The [fearful] difficulties which 
have distracted the councils and paralyzed the energies of this 



8 



Church have been healed and we are once more an undivided and 
harmonious church. About 90 souls have been hopefully 
converted. 53 members added to this branch of Zion. 

In his authoritative Presbyterians of the South , Ernest Trice 
Thompson cites the Murfreesboro congregation as one in which the spirit 
of love overcame strife and the breach was soon healed. 7 

It was fortunate that Elder Johnathan Currin returned when he did 
because in April 1842, the congregation faced a financial crisis. Although 
it had pledged to pay Dr. Eagleton $500 a year after his first year and 
had, perhaps, increased the amount somewhat, it was approximately $1,000 
in arrears by 1842. In addition, David Wendell and Samuel Hodge had 
obligated themselves on behalf of the church for $300 for repairs on the 
church building in 1838. The congregation agreed to transfer the parson- 
age to Dr. Eagleton when he cancelled the arrearage and assumed the $300 
debt. Johnathan Currin was the trustee holding title for the congregation. 8 
The parsonage was a two-storied frame house set back from the Readyville 
Stage Road on an eight acre lot between what is now East Main, North 
Highland, and East College and Dr. Eagleton had already bought a two acre 
pasture to the east taking him nearly to the Union University line. 

A major role of the nineteenth century Church was discipline of its 
members. Twentieth century Christians are likely to see this as meddle- 
some and to scoff at people who strained at the gnat of girls attending 
dancing parties while swallowing the camel of human slavery. Admittedly, 
there were absurdities, but a study of the minutes of the Session indicates 
concern for the members and a potent civilizing force. 

The first and most frequent problem for discipline was intoxication. 
In September 1825, the Session issued its first citation for a member to 



9 

appear to answer a complaint by "common fame" of intoxication. On October 

8, 1825, the member appeared and 

acknowledged that he was sensible of being intoxicated . . . yet 
not so as to destroy his reason nor prevent him from attending 
to his necessary business but inasmuch as it appeared to be dis- 
covered to the wounding of the friends of Zion, to the opening 
of the mouths of gainsayers against the cause of Christ and to 
the injury of his own soul, he was truly sorry . . . and having 
promised to be more guarded against this sin in the future, he 
was restored in the spirit of love and meekness to the full 
communion and fellowship of the Church. 

In minutes covering about forty years, there were twenty-one citations 
relating to intoxication. In nine cases, the admission and apology of 
the accused was accepted. In seven cases, the member withdrew or was 
suspended. 

Some of the explanations are very interesting. When seven were 
accused at one session in December 1844, two explained that they had been 
overcome by hot toddy in the heat of the 1844 presidential campaign between 
Polk and Clay. On another occasion, the accused acknowledged his intoxica- 
tion but stated that he had drunk to avoid a greater evil and did not admit 
to any sin in the matter. The Session was very tender with an aged member 
because of his infirmities and deafness, but after a year of conferences, 
it finally suspended him, A militia man blamed his dereliction on the 
inclement weather while he was on parade and the Session accepted his 
explanation. Several drinkers insisted that they drank for reasons of 
health and one admitted frequenting the dram shops, regretted the reproach 
on the church, and promised to abstain. In the spirit of a Scotch cove- 
nanter, he added that he believed his health required his drinking and if 
his health deteriorated, he would notify the Session before resuming his 
dram. 



10 

Whatever the southern tradition, the Session of the First Presbyterian 
Church disapproved of dancing parties. In January of 1829, a committee 
waited upon James Patton who admitted that he had opened his boarding 
house for a dancing party. He insisted that he had only agreed to open 
the house that the participants might sup, but the day had been rainy and 
the streets muddy and it was necessary to open the house for the party or 
lose all the expense to which he had gone for supper as well as antagoniz- 
ing his boarders. He promised not to be taken in again, and the minutes 
reveal an understanding Session which, "taking into account . . . the 
indigence and inexperience of this brother did restore him to the fellow- 
ship of the Church," The minister was appointed to confer with Col. F. 
N. W. Burton about his breach of church discipline in permitting his 
daughter to attend. There was enough concern that on June 23, 1829, the 
Session adopted a preamble and resolutions disapproving of dancing parties, 
calling on parents not to allow children under their control to attend, 
and accepting the responsibility for the discipline of parents who offended. 

In February 1831, the Session was again concerned and, after numerous 
conferences, suspended James Patton on April 17, 1831 for permitting his 
daughter to attend a dancing party. Colonel Burton's daughter had also 
attended, but the Session accepted his assertion that he did not know it 
was to be a dancing party, he disapproved, and he would use his influence 
against his children attending in the future. Incidentally, it was Elder 
James Maney who conferred with Burton so it may be assumed that he dis- 
couraged dancing parties at Oakland. On May 15, 1845, the Session reaf- 
firmed the position in the 1829 resolutions and requested the minister to 
preach on the subject of dancing. As late as April 1889, the Session 



11 

overtured Nashville Presbytery to make a pronouncement on the dance, the 
card table, and the theater. The Presbytery obliged with a statement to 
be read from the pulpits of the Presbytery. 

More significant, perhaps, was the concern of the Church over the 
business practices of its members. In April of 1829, the Session heard 
evidence on three charges against Dr. J. R. Wilson: that he had intoxicated 
John H. Johns and defrauded him of land (Johns denied this), that he had 
oppressed Mrs. Massey, a widow (she deposed that he had actually assisted 
her when others were pressing her for payments due), and that he had 
deceived Mr. Robert McLin in a money transaction. The Session decided 
that the first two charges were disproved and that the third had not been 
proved, but Dr. Wilson asked that his name be removed from the Church roll. 

One of the saddest incidents in church discipline, but one which 
illustrates the role of the Church in settling disputes among members, 
involved two of the three charter elders. In August 1836, a committee 
appointed to investigate the complaints of Elder William D. Baird that 
Elder Robert Wasson was spreading false reports about him, reported that 
Wasson claimed that: Baird had sought to collect twice for communion wine 
which he had purchased; Baird had refused to pay the remaining $3.00 due 
on a note to Wasson after Wasson had turned over the note to him; Baird 
had refused to pay the interest on a note for which he had been security, 
even though the signer had turned over two Negroes to Baird to cover the 
debt and interest; and Baird had occasionally taken wood from Wesson's land. 
Having failed at reconciliation, the Session ordered a hearing for August 
22, 1836. It lasted for four days and there were a dozen or more witnesses 
before Wasson requested permission to withdraw the charges and asked for 



12 

a letter of dismissal. The Session granted both and concluded that the 
withdrawal of the charges was evidence that they could not be proved. The 
hearing covers some ten pages in the Minute Book and provides considerable 
detail. It appeared that the main grievance was that Baird was only will- 
ing to pay 6% interest when the note had been written to bear 12%. Mr. 
Baird preferred a slander charge against Hiram Wasson August 24, 1836; it 
was continued for several months for various reasons; and May 23, 1837, 
Baird requested that action be suspended because Mr. Wasson's mind had 
been seriously affected for some months. 

In the late 1850's there were realignments of the Old School and 
New School synods and presbyteries and the Old School groups became more 
conciliatory. The Presbytery of Shi 1 oh, to which the Murfreesboro congre- 
gation belonged, voted its own dissolution and so the congregation had to 
form a new connection. In the Session, Dr. Eagleton, Elders Maney, McFadden 
and Wendel favored a recommendation to join the Old School Presbytery of 
Nashville. Only Elder J. M. Baird, whose father had supported Dr. Eagleton 
in joining the New School Synod in 1839, opposed the recommendation. The 
congregation voted to join Nashville Presbytery by 99 to 3 with a number 
of members declining to vote in the interest of harmony in the church. 
This led the Session to declare that it regarded "... the brethren who 
declined the ecclesiastical connexion of their own preference for the sake 
of the peace of the Church as having presented on the altar of the Church 
a grateful offering." After the Civil War began, Nashville Presbytery, 
including the Murfreesboro Congregation, joined in the Presbyterian Church 
in the Confederate States of America, which after the War became the 
Presbyterian Church in the United States. 



13 

Although the official records do not indicate any hesitancy, there 
must have been soul-searching for Dr. Eagleton about the course of the 
South. His teacher, the Reverend Dr. Isaac Anderson for whom he had named 
his second son, had been strongly opposed to slavery. Under Anderson's 
influence, he had freed the few slaves he owned and sent them to Liberia 
through the American Colonization Society. However, for house servants, 
he had bought slaves and owned two at the outbreak of the war. We do know 
something of the feelings of the Reverend George Eagleton, who greatly 
admired his father. He was opposed to slavery and wished that the slaves 
might be colonized, but he was also bitter about the abolitionists. As 
late as December 1860, he was preaching against secession in the Hopewell 
Church at Milton. He was delighted when Tennessee voted against secession 
in February 1861, but furious when President Lincoln called for volunteers 
after the firing on Fort Sumter. ^ 

In this period the Church records reveal no pressures. Just after 
Tennessee voted against secession, the Session was busy raising a subscrip- 
tion for the cause of missions under the Assembly's Board of Missions; it 
raised $54 in March 1861. In the fateful month of April is recorded the 
last admission of a slave: "Lizzie--a colored girl belonging to Samuel 
Campbell was baptized and admitted to membership." Three days after Sumter, 
the annual report indicated 188 communicants, salary payments to the min- 
ister of $821.85, and it hinted at Dr. Eagleton's poor health, saying he 
had given satisfaction and "rendered all the service that his age and 
infirm health would permit." There may be a further hint at this in the 
June 23, 1861, entry that the Lord's Supper was administered with the help 
of the Reverend Mr. Provine of the Cumberland Presbyterian Church. 



14 

About the beginning of 1862, Dr. and Mrs. Eagleton went to East 
Tennessee to stay with relatives in the hope that the rest would restore 
their health. They were away when the church building was occupied and 
then destroyed. 

It has not been possible to determine whether services were held 
in the remainder of 1862. When the battle was fought along Stone's River 
at the end of 1862, the building was used as a hospital by the Confederates 
and then by the Union forces. The Union troops set up their camps south 
and west of the cemetery and church building. There is conflicting testi- 
mony on whether the soldiers began taking the bricks to build chimneys 
and huts or whether the Army officially ordered the building torn down 
and the materials used for government purposes. A young member, Samuel 
McFadden, managed to rescue the church bell and to dispose of some heavy 
timbers. 

The Session pursued a long effort to recover damages from the govern- 
ment, beginning in 1865 and succeeding in collecting $6,500 in 1899. This 
effort will be described later. 

Although a number of baptisms are recorded in the minutes, it appears 
that the Session did not meet between January 2, 1862, and July 18, 1864. 

Dr. and Mrs. Eagleton returned to Murfreesboro in the summer of 1864, 
and Mrs. Eagleton died on July 7. She was buried on the plantation of 
Samuel and Elvira Eagleton Campbell, southwest of Murfreesboro. Dr. 
Eagleton resumed his ministry as the Cumberland Presbyterian and Christian 
Churches offered their sanctuaries. 

The Session met on July 18, 1864, and the record deserves quotation. 



15 



There has been an unprecendented destruction of property both 
private and public . . . and even the resting place of the dead 

. . . and the sanctuary itself . . . have been and still are 
desolated and desecrated l 

The entries conclude: 

Having made this sad record the Session would humbly rear an 
Ebenezer and render thanks to God for mercies that are still 
continued, and to the honor of his name acknowledge that we 
have never yet seen an end of the goodness of the Lord! 

Dr. Eagleton presided over the Session meetings until his death March 28, 

1866. He was buried beside his wife on the Campbell plantation. 

Without a postor, without deacons, without a building, and with only 

three elders, the one hundred eighty-seven members had the faith to press 

on. In October 1866, they called the Reverend John Witherspoon Neil to 

the pastorate. Elders recalled that he 

. . . was a young man but an able and eloquent preacher. He was 
gifted with great executive ability and was peculiarly endowed as 
an organizer. . . . preached eloquent and learned sermons, 
instructing the congregation in the duties of religion and he 
was unsparing in his strictures upon the derelict members. 

Mr. Neil secured the use of the Circuit Courtroom and services were 
held regularly. The congregation chose Gideon H. Baskette, Dr. Alex 
Hartman, William D. Killough, William H. McFadden, Dr. James B. Murfree 
and Dr. James E. Wendell as deacons. They were ordained and installed 
December 30, 1866, and met to organize January 2, 1867.^0 Mr. Neil pre- 
sided. Deacon Wendell was chosen treasurer and Deacon Murfree was chosen 
secretary. The Diaconate proposed a system of financing which the Session 
approved. It included subscriptions for the Pastor's salary, special 
offerings on Corimiunion Sabbaths for the needy of the Congregation, and 
special offerings on the third Sabbath of each month for incidental expenses. 
Despite the fact that the Church was planning to build, the proposal also 



;.r '. n^^j- 



16 

scheduled special offerings for the Boards of Domestic Missions, Publica- 
tions, Foreign Missions, and Education. 

A December 4, 1867, report— presumably for the first eleven months 
of 1867--shows these receipts: 



building fund 


$3 


,138.84 


pastor's salary 


1 


,443.00 


Board of Publication 




61.25 


Board of Foreign Missions 




28.25 


educational fund 




50.00 


Domestic Missions 




122.45 


incidental expenses 




180.66 


poor fund 




109.20 


total 


$5 


,133.65 



In the spring of 1867, the Congregation moved rapidly. It acquired 
a lot on the corner of College and Spring Streets. On May 15, 1867, a 
Congregational Meeting authorized the pastor to name a committee of three 
to divide the church lot on Vine Street and sell it for burial plots. Mr. 
Neil named Charles Ready, J. M. Baird, and E. D. Hancock. 

Two days later, a meeting described as "a meeting of the male members" 
passed a resolution to elect a committee of five with full power "... to 
take charge, oversight, and . . . direction of everything pertaining to 
the building . . . [and] to commence their work immediately and prosecute 
it as rigorously as possible." The meeting balloted and chose D. D. 
Wendel, J. M. Baird, Edwin A. Keeble, E. D. Hancock, and Dr. L. W. Knight. 

The property on Vine Street was laid off and sold. The plat would 
indicate that the eastern half of the original lot had already been used 
for burials as the plat covered the western half. 

The Building Committee secured the services of a Nashville architect, 
W. A. Kiddell, who provided the design and specifications. It let the 
contract for the brickwork to Arnold and January and for the woodwork to 



18 

pews to provide the minister's salary be discontinued, allowing members 
to choose their pews and contribute as they were able. It also recommended 
a salary of $1,500.00 and housing or a housing allowance of $300.00. 

Apparently the pew rentals continued through 1876. For example ^ on 
November 8, 1869, Dr. Murfree rented the pews for 1870 at public outcry. 
Not all of the amounts were recorded, but those recorded ranged from $15.00 
to $85.50. The deacons had asked that sixteen pews be reserved— whether 
for visitors or new members was not specified. Pew number 1 was reserved 
for "the Pastor's use" and numbers 38, 40, 41, and 80 were reserved for 
"the colored people." The writer has been unable to discover how long 
Negroes continued as members and worshippers. Miss Campbell reports that 
some older Negro members continued to worship but no new ones joined.^' 

The conclusion that the rentals ended in 1876 is based on the 
Diaconate's decision, March 2, 1877, to place cards in the vestibules 
and hotels announcing that the pew system "had been abolished and th^it 
seats were not only free to all but that a cordial Christian welcome was 
extended to the public generally." 

The deacons had to be resourceful to manage. In 1868, they employed 
a Negro Sexton, Edmond Wendell at $6.50 per month. In January 1869, they 
employed Col. W. H. Blanch, a member, at $10.00 per month. In the spring 
of 1871, they decided to reduce the pay in the spring and summer— presum- 
ably because there were no fires, ashes, etc. When Colonel Blanch refused 
to accept the reduction. Deacon Lewis Maney secured the service of another 
Negro Sexton, S. Maney, who would accept $6.00 per month for April through 
September and $10.00 per month for October through March. The deacons 
regularly had to call on members to urge them to keep up their subscriptions 



Presbyterian Church, Murfreesboro, Tenn 






I <>■/ 




The second home of First Presbyterian Church. 
This building stood on the northeast corner of 
Spring and College Streets until it was destroyed 
by a tornado on March 21 , 1913. 



Two Ministers 



'fi-ip- 




\^: -:*;. 




Rev G \A/ Patterson, 
1893 - 1901 



Rev. E.A. Ramsey, D.D. 
1 884 - 1 893 



18b 



19 

When one pastor wrote urging the deacons to take more responsibility, they 
responded that they were doing their best and suggested that Pastor and 
Session put more emphasis on the spiritual responsibilities of stewardship. 

There were some amusing items. The Church installed gas lighting 
and sold its chandelier to another local Church. After about two years 
a committee was appointed to confer with the other Church and suggest that 
if it didn't want to pay the balance, it could return the chandelier and 
receive its $40.00 back. Finally, it paid the $12.40 balance. There is 
no explanation of whether the Diaconate rejected a proposal for lightning 
rods for theological or financial reasons. 

Church members and ministers might suspect that many boards have 
"mule committees," but this Board of Deacons had both a "Mule Committee" 
and a "Jack Committee." Evidently some one had given the Church a mule 
and a jack. Since there are no earlier references, it has not been possi- 
ble to determine how long it had owned the animals. When Dr. D. S. Knight 
notified the deacons that he could no longer "accommodate the Jack of the 
Church," committees were appointed to sell the two animals. In about six 
months the committees secured $45.00 for the mule and $75.00 for the jack. 

To return to a more serious vein, the Deacons' Minutes reveal other 
things about the Church's activities. Although there was no explanation 
as to why the street lamp was not lighted regularly, Dr. Murfree contracted 
with the gas company--for 50(t per month--to light the street lamp in front 
of the building on the nights when there were services. We learn that 
there was a Ladies Society meeting on Wednesday afternoons as early as 
November 1873, and a Young Men's Prayer Meeting on Thursday nights as 
early as February 1874. 



20 



It may have seemed odd to a congregation which had one minister. Dr. 
Eagleton, for thirty-seven years to have eight ministers and three stated 
supplies in forty- three years. For seventeen of those years, the record 
is limited to a few references in the Deacons' Minutes and the substitute 
minute prepared to sunmarize the 1869-1885 volume of Session Minutes lost 
in a fire. 

The Reverend John W. Neil who led the congregation in reorganizing 
and in building a new building resigned on June 4, 1871, to accept a call 
to a Nashville church. Students can be especially grateful because Mr. 
Neil is the reputed author of a sketch of the history of the Church to 
1867.^^ 

The Reverend Henry Howard Banks of Asheville was called to the pas- 
torate on September 17, 1871, and began his ministry in December. The 
substitute minute recalled him as follows: 

The Rev. H. H. Banks zealously entered upon his pastoral work 
with great effectiveness and acceptability. Like David of old, 
he was small of stature, and unprepossessing in appearance, but 
armed with the Truths of the Gospel and inbued with the spirit 
of the Master, he manfully fought against the Goliath of wick- 
edness. Physically, he was feeble, yet he was earnest, diligent, 
and faithful .... His sermons were replete with Biblical 
Truths, elegant, learned and instructive, while his delivery 
was earnest and forcible. 

His health was so bad that in December 1873 the Session ". . . without 

his solicitation granted him a leave of absence for six months--salary to 

continue--in the hope that a rest from his labor would restore him to his 

pristive vigor." The hope was in vain, and at the end of the leave, he 

tendered his resignation. He died in Asheville a few years later. 

The Reverend Dr. John Holt Rice served as Stated Supply Pastor from 

December 1873 to October 4, 1874. The substitute minute expressed special 



21 

gratitude for the preaching of the Reverend Dr. J. B. West, Principal of 
Soule College who "... preached to the congregation every Sabbath morn- 
ing except when a visiting minister of our own denomination was with us." 

In the spring of 1875, the congregation called the Reverend Henry 
Sale Yerger from Palestine, Texas, and he began his ministry in June. 
When the deacons wished to eliminate special offerings for benevolences 
and apply all the funds to paying the debt, Mr. Yerger dissented and 
requested the Diaconate to meet with the Session. Since those minutes 
are not available we do not know how the issue was settled. When Mr. 
Yerger tendered his resignation in the early fall of 1878, however, the 
congregation declined to accept it. When Presbytery requested the con- 
gregation to reconsider. It declared the pulpit vacant in October 1878. 

On January 1, 1879, the Reverend Dr. John S. Arbuthnott, an English- 
man who had been serving the Gallatin Church, was installed as Pastor. 
The substitute minute recalled him as a very effective minister and active 
In a revival beginning soon after his arrival and noted "... our church 
received many additions." Dr. Arbuthnott tendered his resignation and the 
pulpit was declared vacant August 9, 1883. 

In January 1884, the Congregation issued a call to the Rev. G. S. 
Finley of Romney, West Virginia, but he declined the call. Then it called 
the Reverend John Martin Otts. The substitute minute summed up his service; 
"... not seeing his way clear to accept the call, he compromised by 
becoming a stated supply . . . [and] endeared himself to the whole con- 
gregation." 

Mr. Otts served from May to September, when the Reverend Emmett 
Alexander Ramsey began a six months term as stated supply on September 20, 



22 

1884. The Congregation was so pleased with him that it issued a call on 
the second Sabbath of January 1885. 

The Reverend Mr, Ramsey must have had boundless energy. He served 
as superintendent of the Sunday School and it flourished, though he did 
note a "scarcity of teachers" in 1886. He also preached at the Henderson 
School House and at McClure's School House. Apparently, members were 
included in the roll of First Presbyterian Church until there were enough 
at "McClure's Chapel" to organize the Florence Presbyterian Church. On 
October 15, 1893, eight members were dismissed to the new congregation. 

After considering the idea for about four years, the Session decided 
on a plan for elders to undertake responsibility for members and on Sep- 
tember 9, 1891, Mr. Ramsey assigned the responsibilities for families 

living: 

s. of Main and w. of Maney to Elders J. H. Allen and Charles Ordway 

s. of Main and e. of Maney to Elders J. B. Murfree and W. Y. Elliott 

n. of Main and w. of Maney to Elders Alex Hartman and Wm. Park 

n. of Main and e. of Maney to Elders D. D. Wendel and S. H. Hodge 

Earlier in 1891, Elders Murfree and Elliott had been appointed to 
"consider the propriety of establishing a mission Sabbath School in the 
western part of town in the suburb known as Riverside." On August 12, 1891, 
the Session decided that the way did not seem clear. 

Dr. Ramsey ministered to the whole community. One day he watched 
the volunteer firemen at a fire and became so concerned that he took charge 
and directed their efforts. The city fathers were impressed and asked him 
to take charge officially. He conditioned his acceptance upon improvement 
of the waterworks. The improvements were made, and he served as fire 
chief until he accepted a call to the First Presbyterian Church of Memphis 
in March 1893. He also served as chaplain of the First Regiment of the 



Two viexA^s of the First Presbyterian Church following the tornado of 
1913. The view of the interior is furnished courtesy of Mary Belle 
Robinson, \A/hose father, J.W. Robinson made the photograph. 





24 

State Guard and accompanied the guardsmen when they were sent to Coal Creek 

in the Cumberland Mountains because of a miners' strike. 

No doubt, a bachelor minister— thirty-five when he came to Murfrees- 

boro--aroused a good deal of interest in the community. He married Miss 

Lena Wilhoite of Shelbyville just after accepting the call to Memphis, 

but he died in less than five years. After his death, the Nashville 

American recalled that, when he preached his final sermon in Murfreesboro, 

the churchyard and street were filled with the overflow from the sanctu- 
ary . ^ 3 

Dr. George W. Patterson served the church from November 1893 to 
April 1901. He was only twenty-seven when he and his wife came to 
Murfreesboro and he appears to have been especially gifted in his work 
with young people and in evangelism.'^ 

Some indication of interests and attitudes in the nineties may be 
gleaned from minutes of the Session. In September 1891, the minister 
named Elder William Park to the Committee on Publication and Colored 
Evangelization. A presentation of the cause of Colored Evangelization 
was authorized for the first Sabbath of April 1892. In May 1898, Elders 
J. B. Murfree and W. E. Hudson were named "to look after" the Negro Sabbath 
School begun by some of the ladies in the church, and in July, Dr. Murfree 
reported that there were twenty-nine scholars and a need for Bibles and 
educational literature. 

The Session cancelled the evening worship service on the first 
Sabbath in March 1893 in order to make the sanctuary available to local 
Jewish citizens for services to be led by Rabbi Levinthall of Nashville. 
Early in 1894, the Session declined to decide to participate in union 



25 

evangelistic services without full attendance, but it later decided to 
participate and the services were held in the summer of 1894 with the 
Reverend Gilbert Fife as evangelist. 

In March 1899, a long effort to collect compensation for the build- 
ing destroyed in the War was successful J^ On October 9, 1865 Dr. Eagleton 
and the elders petitioned Major General George M. Thomas for $10,000 and 
submitted affidavits estimating the cost of replacement at that figure, 
stating that the building had been used as a hospital, commissary, and 
barracks and had been destroyed while the Union Army controlled it. The 
petition was referred to Captain E. B. Whitman, Chief Quartermaster, Dis- 
trict of Middle Tennessee, and he made his report on December 28, 1865. 

Captain Whitman admitted difficulty in getting information on the 
points necessary for compensation. He concluded that while the building 
was being used by the Amiy, woodwork had been removed by soldiers and 
citizens, that the brick walls had later collapsed of their own weight or 
been blown down; and that bricks had been taken by "soldiers to build 
chimneys, and that citizens and officers of the Society removed others." 
He added that the commander of the Post, Brigadier General Horatio Van 
Cleve, "constantly used every effort in his power to protect and preserve 
it from ruin." He judged the building as worth no more than $5,000, as 
it stood, but estimated that it would cost $10,000 to build a modern 
building of the same size. 

On the critical question of the loyalty of the congregation, he was 
much more positive. He insisted that the minister had preached treason 
and rebellion and constantly prayed for God to foster the infant republic 
and paralyze "the arm of the Federal government. ..." He believed that 



26 

most of those who signed the affidavits were "avowed rebels, or secret 
sympathizers." He added that he could not judge the current attitudes but 
had been informed that the few members who had been loyal to the Union had 
left the congregation. He concluded that he did not believe the Church 
qualified for compensation. His recommendation was approved by the Quar- 
termaster General in Washington. 

In February 1872, the Session and Diaconate addressed a petition to 
Congress asking for compensation. The petition denied that the building 
was burned or ruthlessly destroyed, insisting that it was used to care for 
sick and wounded Federal soldiers, and that later the materials were used 
for the comfort and benefit of the Army. It also insisted that "neither 
Minister, Elders, Deacons nor any leading communicants . . . held office 
or bore arms in the service of the Confederate Government." 

Accompanying this petition was a set of specifications (six foolscap 
pages in longhand) for a building "... in all respects the same as the 
one occupied by the Presbyterian Congregation up to the late War." Bills 
for compensation were introduced to Congress in 1872, 1876, and 1886. The 
Claims Committee referred the matter to the Court of Claims. Lengthy 
depositions were taken in Murfreesboro on August 27-28, 1890 and September 
14, 1891. 

On March 23, 1898 the Court of Claims reported to the Committee on 
War Claims. The report indicated that there was no evidence of disloyalty 
by the Church. It judged that the building was probably worth $6,500 at 
the time it was seized. It pointed out that the law provided for compen- 
sation only for the value of the materials and the evidence did not dis- 
close the value of the materials. The opinion pointed out that it was not 
deciding the case but submitting the facts for Congress. 



27 

A claims bill, including $6,500 "to the elders of the Presbyterian 
Church at Murfreesboro," was signed on March 3, 1899.^^ 

On March 22, 1899, Attorney John Richardson met with the Session to 
discuss "the claim recently allowed by Congress" and went over the contract 
the Session and Diaconate had entered into with him in 1889. On July 21 
the Session met, gave each elder an opportunity to suggest how the money 
should be spent, and named a committee to report to a joint meeting of the 
Session and Diaconate. On July 26, the deacons joined the Session. It 
was announced that the net proceeds were $4,550. The Pastor read Psalm 
103 and elders and deacons joined in prayer of thanksgiving and praise. 

After considerable discussion on how to use the money, including 
interest in providing a manse, it was decided to refurbish the building. 
Windows were repaired and memorial windows were installed: one to Dr. 
Ramsey and one to William Y. Elliott and Joseph Ewing. The portico was 
enlarged, the interior redecorated and new pews and carpeting installed J7 

The Reverend John G. Garth served the church from December 1901 to 
October 1905. Perhaps the strongest evidence of congregational concern 
was the purchase in June 1903 of six $50 shares in the Luebo Mission in 
the Belgian Congo. When Mr. Garth left, the Reverend Dr. James W. Gray- 
bill, a former medical missionary supplied the pulpit from February to 
September 1906. 

Dr. Graybill had declined a permanent call, and the Session, on 
August 29, had called a congregational meeting to choose a pastor. Four 
days later, it rescinded the call because it had received a letter from 
Elder John T. Woodfin, Clerk of Session of the Murfreesboro Cumberland 
Presbyterian Church, proposing a union of the two congregations. 



28 

The fellowship between the two congregations was of long standing. 
The Cumberland Church had made its building available on numerous occas- 
ions. Ministers of the two congregations had supplied either as the need 
arose. The proposal, however, arose from the plan approved for uniting 
the Cumberland Presbyterian Church and the Presbyterian Church U.S.A.-- 
generally known as the northern Presbyterian Church. Apparently, a sub- 
stantial number of members preferred union with First Presbyterian, which 
was part of the southern Presbyterian Church. 

A joint committee from the two sessions worked out a plan which 
involved First Presbyterian's calling the Cumberland minister, the Reverend 
Reuben G. Newsome; electing all Cumberland officers to the same positions; 
and continuing organizations of each congregation unless the organizations 
decided to merge. The writer has not been able to locate the congregational 
meeting minutes, but the union began on October 3, 1906. Miss Campbell 
reports that the Reverend Mr. Newsome led the congregation from the 
Cumberland building on the corner of Main and Spring. They came singing 
"Leaning on the Everlasting Arms" and as they entered the sanctuary, the 
two became one in song. On Wednesday night, October 13, Mr. Newsome was 
formally installed. 

Not only did the First Presbyterian Church receive Elders, A. J. 
Patterson, J. T. Woodfin, A. C. Johnson, R. T. Bell, P. A. Lyon, E. J. 
Raid and Deacons J. K. Poff, J. S. Nugent, Ross Nelson, and Charles 
Cawthon, it received their families and a host of others who became 
pillars of the congregation. 

For several years there had been discussion of the need for a 
"lecture room" and classrooms for the Sabbath School. Shortly after the 



29 

merger, an annex was added to the north side of the building. It included 
a semi -circular basement room under the whole annex. The main floor was 
a semi -circular assembly room with classrooms around the circumference. 
There was a gallery around the assembly room with classrooms around its 
circumference. 

The Reverend Mr. Newsome resigned in March 1909 to accept a call to 
the Tatnall Square Presbyterian Church, Macon, Georgia. In October 1909, 
Reverend Dr. J. Addison Smith arrived from Richmond, Kentucky and began a 
ministry that was cut short by his death in 1920, but he began a legend 
that lives on even in the minds of those who never saw him but know him 
because of their parents' affection and stories. ^^ 

Dr. Smith was erudite and eloquent but also entertaining. Apparently, 
his prayers were especially memorable. For some years he wrote a column 
"Musings Under the Maples" for the Christian Observer . We shall leave the 
treatment of Dr. Smith's ministry for another time because this article 
was planned to cover about a century and end with a bang: a tornado, better 
known as the "Cyclone of 1913." 

On the night of March 21, 1913, a tornado came bounding in from the 
southwest, hitting the fairgrounds. South Walnut, the northwest corner of 
the Square, First Presbyterian Church and points northwest. While parts 
of the walls and a couple of the stained glass windows remained standing, 
the roof had fallen through; the pews, rafters, bell, etc. lay in a pile 
of rubble. The recently completed Sunday School annex suffered little 
damage and could soon be used for services. The organ was not destroyed 
and tradition has it that the organist played a hymn of praise amidst the 
rubble. ^5 The congregation, however, could join Dr. Smith in gratitude 
that there were no fatalities. 



30 

How the members picked up the pieces and began anew, for the second 
time, Is another story. 



31 



NOTES 

^Minutes of Session, Murfree Spring Presbyterian Church--later First 
Presbyterian Church, Murfreesboro, Tennessee. These minutes are the source 
for the bulk of the paper; citations will be limited to other sources. 
Ralph M. Llewellyn, "Others Have Labored," an address at the sesquicentennial 
of First Presbyterian Church, April 29, 1962. (Mimeographed.) This address 
concentrates on the first two decades, the charter members and their descend- 
ants who were members in 1962. Two additional member descendants have been 
identified since then; Cecil Nelson Smotherman and Jane Smotherman LaPaglia, 
descended from Elizabeth Kelton. 

^Annie E. Campbell, "A History of the First Presbyterian Church, 
Murfreesboro, Tennessee, 1811-1935," p. 2. (Typewritten.) Miss Campbell, 
a life-long member of the congregation was a great granddaughter of the 
minister from 1829-1866. Hence, she had access to the traditions of the 
congregation as well as being a participant in part of what she described. 
She will be cited as Campbell, though the writer is reluctant to refer to 
"Miss Annie" in that way. 

^Charles Grier Sellers, James K. Polk : Jacksonian , 1795-1843 (Princeton: 
Princeton University Press, 19?7T7pp. TrT3, 59-61, 69-72, 76-79, 92-94. 

^William Lytle to W. D. Baird, April 1, 1820, Book M, pp. 445-448, 
Rutherford County Register's Office, Murfreesboro, Tennessee. 

^Campbell, pp. 3-4; Congressional Jurisdiction Case 6575, Presbyterian 
Church vs. U.S., Record Group Number 123, National Archives, Washington, 
D.C.; ATTce N. Ray, "The State Capitol, 1819-1826," Rutherford County 
Historical Society Publication 11 (Sumner 1978): 1-6. The Archives collec- 
tion (hereinafter cited as C. J. Case 6575) contains hypothetical specifi- 
cations prepared in 1872 and sworn depositions about the building, taken 
in 1890 and 1891. 

^[Murfreesboro] Courier , April 15, 1824. 

^Ernest Trice Thompson, Presbyterians of the South : Volume One : 1607- 
1861 (Richmond: John Knox Press), pp. 548-5457 

Sjohnathan Currin, Trustee to William Eagleton, April 11, 1842, Book 
Z, pp. 235-236, Rutherford County Register's Office, Murfreesboro, Tennessee. 

^Alden B. Pearson, Jr., "The Tragic Dilemma of a Border-State 
Moderate: The Rev. George E. Eagleton 's Views on Slavery and Secession," 
Tennessee Historical Quarterly XXXII (Winter 1973) :360-373. 

l^The passage characterizing Mr. Neil is from a "Substitute Minute," 
prepared by Elders Alex Hartman, J. B. Murfree, and James Wendel to cover 
the gap created when the Session Minute Book for 1869-1885 was lost in a 
fire. It was entered in the minutes on October 15, 1888. Providentially 
or by a remarkable coincidence, the only surviving Deacons' Minute Book 
before 1918 covers the years 1867-1888. Most of what follows to 1888 is 
based on these two sources. 



32 

1'' Campbell, p. 13. 

^^This four page single-spaced sketch was copied by Miss Annie Campbell 
from a newspaper article preserved in her mother's scrap-book. 

13campbell, pp. 17-19; Nashville American , January 14, 1898. 

l^Campbell, pp. 19-21. 

ISjhere are very few references in the minutes, but C. J. Case 6575 
provides documentation of the thirty-four year effort, summarized in these 
six paragraphs. 

"•^U.S. Statutes at Large . Vol. 30, Chap. 426 (1899). 

17campbell, p. 20. 

18"Two Mighty Oaks" is a reminiscence of Dr. Smith and of Dr. J. B. 
Murfree, an elder in the church. It is Chapter 10 of Elisabeth 0. Howse 
[Ridley], Falling Stars (Murfreesboro: Mrs. G. S. Ridley, 1960), pp. 126- 
134. The writer would welcome stories about Dr. Smith to add to the store 
he is trying to record. 

l^The writer has not been able to determine whether the stained glass 
windows were saved and used in the new building. Any clues from readers 
would be appreciated. 



33 



"KIRKS and MCWTGOMERYS" 
from- 
The Home Journal 
Murfreesboro, Tennessee 
September 22, 1903 

Furnished by: Jane Snell Woods 

The following was written by Alexander Montgomery Kirk, of 
Oxford, Florida, who intended to deliver it as a speech at 
a reunion of the Kirk Family held in the past July 1903. 
But on account of unfortunate circumstances the reunion was 
not held. Mr. Kirk is a native of Rutherford County, and is 
now 81 years of age. His article is full of interesting 
events and will be read with interest, 

* * * * 

Fellow Citizens, Ladies and Gentlemen: 
This is one of the greatest pleasures of my life, to be 
at my old homestead, where I was born over 4 score years ago, 
where I spent my youthful days, and where I now have an oppor- 
tunity of mingling with my fellow Tennesseans, I am glad to 
be in the land of my Nativity. I am glad to be near the roof 
under which I saw the light. I am also glad to be near the 
trees I was nursed and reared under. But there is a sadness 
hovering over me that I cannot very well get rid of. I find 
that the people I left here 57 years ago - 1846 - are not here 
today; that they have passed away, and await the morning of 
the resurrection. And others have risen up in their stead. 
Such, my friends, is life, and such is the way of the human 
family. 

The object of this meeting is for the purpose of a reunion 
of the Hugh Kirk Family. 

The family was a large one, eleven children born to my 
parents, three of whom died in infancy, eight lived to be grown. 



34 
Seven married and had families, and one-my youngest brother - 
never married, was killed at the Battle of Franklin during the 
Civil War. There are only two of that large family left, Mrs. 
Snell (Melissa Kirk) , my youngest sister, and myself. 

Mrs. Snell was the wife of James Curtis Snell, who was a 
member of the Mitchell Company. He was 2nd Lieutenant of the 
Company and died at Winchester during the Civil War. 

Now, my friends, I am standing where I stood in 1845, 57 
years ago and bade my parents, brothers and sisters farewell, 
and left for the state of Mississippi. And now after the lapse 
of this time I am back on the same portico. M^^ parents have 
passed away, and my brothers and sisters all except the youngest 
sister-Mrs. Snell-and the dewlling has passed away into other 
hands. Those of Mr. Frank Overall, who has opened his doors 
and grounds and unites with us in this reunion, for which we 
tender him our many thanks. I find that the slaves who cultivated 
the fields are all gone. I find that the citizens that lived on 
Lytle Creek and Fox Camp Branch a distance of 10 miles and about 
30 families in number have likewise all passed away, no one left 
except my nephew Hugh Kirk, who lives on Lytle Creek. He is still 
here and stands like a wall and all alone, no wife to control him, 
no children to squall, and no one to morn his loss when he is gone. 
So you see from the above time has wrought many changes in 57 
years. My f riendsj I have been out on a long journey for 4 score 
years - running from 1823-1903. Forty years of my journey have 
been peacefully and pleasantly spent. My path has been smooth 
and thornless with but few obstacles to impede it. 

Prosperity attended me on every hand. But the next 40 



35 
years were rough and rugged, full of disasters, full of 
calamities, full of affliction, my path was full of thorns, 
with many obstacles difficult to overcome, besides many storms 
to weather. I have been tossed to and fro many ways and many 
directions. The hand of affliction fell upon me and I lay upon 
my bed 9 long weeks, with a mortified foot, as helpless as a 
child. 

While the Battle of Stones River was being fought I was 
carried out of my room by 2 men, placed in a vehicle in bed, 
hauled 14 miles away, to where my family preceded me, which was 
on Tuesday of the "big" fight. On Sunday news came that "Bragg 
was retreating." I had my teams hitched up, consisting of 3 
horses, 2 vehicles and 3 servants with 2 small children, one of 
them an infant, my wife and myself. 

My wife took charge, we steered our course in the direction 
of our home in Mississippi, passing through Bragg' s retreating 
army - arrived at home on the 11th February 1863. We had a rough 
trip, it being in the dead of winter, sometimes raining, snowing, 
sleeting or hailing with roads in a wretched condition, bridges 
washed away and many other difficult obstacles to overcome. With 
an infant child and a helpless husband, yet my wife was equal to 
the emergency. 

With heroic and courageous effort she took us safely home, 
walking the 2 last days of our journey to relieve the worn out 
animals. (She was a wife among wives and surpassed by none, ever 
ready at any time to do whatever she could for her helpless and 
afflicted husband both by night and by day. I found her near 
Murfreesboro in 1855; where they know how to raise good wives. 



36 

and lost her in my home in Mississippi in 1870 ~ leaving an 
infant child just 6 months old behind her.) 

I remained at home until the "Fall of Vicksburg." I 
then gathered up my personal effects. With my wife still in 
charge we crossed the Mississippi River and went over into Texas. 
We reached the Brazos River in 1863 and struck camp. While on 
my journey from Stones River in Tennessee to the Brazos River 
in Texas I consulted every doctor who crossed my path. Invari- 
ably their answer was - "It ought to come off in order to save 
your life." 

While riding out on the Brazos River prospecting I met 
an old gentleman riding a mule, and seeing me riding in bed 
wished to know what my trouble was. I told him I had an infected 
foot for which I had been in bed for 12 months. He said he would 
like to see it. I asked if he were a doctor. He replied, "I 
claim to be." I showed it to him and after examining it, I told 
him I had had a number of doctors to examine it and they told me 
it would have to come off to save my life and I would like to 
hear what he had to say. He replied "I see no use of its coming 
off, but can put you to walking in a few days", which was the best 
news I had heard in all my journey; of course I did not believe a 
word of it, but concluded as we were in camp here I would let him 
try, so he began the treatment. 

Now, my friends, I will tell you in all candor this man 
who rode the mule had me walking on both feet in less than 6 weeks, 
with a walking cane, attending to all my business generally. I 
had been greatly reduced in flesh, but under this treatment I re- 
gained it until I weighed 208 pounds. He relieved me of my 



37 
suffering, which was intense, so that my sleep was sound and my 
slumber sweet, both by day and night. I had suffered untold 
misery and was reported twice as dead - but am still living. I 
had a pair of crutches while on my journey but having no further 
use for them left them on the plains of Texas. I have had 2 
financial wrecks and once was covered with boils, 70 in number, 
almost as many, I suppose, as Job had. I had a 9 year seige of 
sickness, with half dozen doctors to attend me (at different 
times) but my troubles baffled them all, and was told they could 
do me no good. So I was left at sea with no hope of recovery- 
a physical wreck. The only alternative seeming to be - I should 
take charge, and be my own doctor, so I did. And by divine help 
I discovered a remedy. And I don't think it was more than a month 
until my troubles were removed. My troubles were numerous, being 
5 in number - bronchial, indigestion, rheumatism, kidney and 
bowel trouble. I have had charge of my case nearly 7 years and 
if I did not know I was over 4 score years I would feel quite 
youthful yet. So you see, my friends, I have had a pretty rough 
journey, and the wonder is that I am still living, but a greater 
wonder is that I have anything to live on. But I have weathered 
through 4 score years and I think I will be able to make the 
balance of the trip. 

I want to give you a short sketch of my war record. 

I was in the army 12 months. Was in 2 days fight at the 
Battle of Shiloh, was in the Court Martial at Vicksburg at the 
time tide Battle of Baton Rouge was fought. I lay on my back 9 
weeks near Murf reesboro , but while the Battle of Stones River 
was being fought, I was carried out, placed in bed, hauled 14 



38 
miles, as stated above. I now want to say to my old comrades, 
the most reluctant thing I ever did in my life was to send up my 
application for a discharge. "Iliey had complimented me as a 
Standard Bearer at Corinth, Mississippi, and I didn't want to 
leave them, but my health would not permit. As was proven after- 
wards. 

Now I will tell you something of my ancestors. My grand- 
father Jetton was born in N. C. in 17 57, and I heard my mother 
say he was of Irish descent. He married a Miss White, but I know 
nothing of her nativity. There were 4 children born to them, 
when he concluded to move to Middle Tennessee in about 1800 and 
did so and bought lands on each side of the Manchester Pike (now 
runs) 2 1/2 miles from Murf reesboro. He built a house on the right 
hand side of the Pike, on a hill about 200 yards off the Pike. 

There Robert Jetton, Jr., had a very handsome residence. 
During the Civil War the Yankees came one night firing off their 
pistols and frightening off the family, who escaped in their night 
clothing. The Yankees pillaged the house and then burned it. 

My grandfather Jetton opened an extensive farm, which he 
cultivated for 30 years. On one occasion (?) my mother wanted 
to visit her parents. She took me-a boy of 6 years with her for 
company. When we arrived at my grandfather's, we found him sitting 
in the yard under a shade tree in a large arm chair, with a 
Revolutionary soldier's uniform on, short pants, long stockings, 
and knee buckles - the first and last I ever saw. 

My mother spoke to him and passed a few words, and then 
she went on in the house to see her mother. I remained with him. 
In order to amuse me, with his pocket knife he whittled me a 



39 

small wagon, making the wheels out of turnips and gave 

it to me, which I hauled about over the yard - very proud of it. 

Not long after that my grandmother died and was buried 
in the old graveyard in Murfreesboro about the year 1830. That 
left my grandfather all alone, his children all having married 
and left him. There was a lady named Winsett that waited on my 
grandmother during her illness. After a reasonable time my 
grandfather addressed her and she agreed to share life with him. 
They married very much against the wishes of the children, on 
account of an ungovernable temper. Not long after this, his son 
Isaac concluded to move to West Tennessee, and he concluded to 
move with him at the age of 7 3 years, after having tilled 30 
years on his fertile plantation. This move was supposed to have 
been because of the opposition of his children to his marriage. 
He bought a farm adjoining his son Isaac. After farming several 
years, he became dissatisfied and moved back, leaving his second 
wife behind him, which showed that all was not lovely between 
them - caused by display of that ungovernable temper, which caused 
the opposition to his union with her. He came back to his son 
Robert's, and after he became rested he spent a week with each of 
his children, of whom there were 2 sons and 5 daughters. He 
commenced his rounds and when he got to my father's he asked if 
anyone in the neighborhood could write his will. My father told 
him a man by the name of Phillips, who sometimes did such work 
and he sent for him. Mr. Phillips wrote his will and the sum of 
$5 was left his second wife. The will was never contested. 

He finished up his work and got back to his son Robert's 
when he died. It looked very much like he had a presentiment 



40 

that his career was coming to a close. He was buried in the old 
Murfreesboro graveyard in the 81st year of his age. He was a 
Revolutionary soldier 7 years, further than that I know nothing 
of his war record. 

My grandfather Kirk was born in Scotland about 17 51. He 
emigrated from that country to South Carolina about 1772 or 73. 
He married a Miss Montgomery. But I know nothing of her birth- 
place or ancestry. He farmed in South Carolina up to 1802 when 
he concluded to move to Middle Tennessee, and did so buying lands 
near my grandfather Jetton's, and farmed there from 1802-1821, 
and died there and was buried in the Montgomery graveyard. When 
I was up there in 1902 I asked my nephew to go with me in search 
of his grave. When we got there we found it had been lost sight 
of for a number of years, all grown up in trees, saplings and 
bushes. We went in and found 5 vaults in a row. On one of them 
I found Joseph Montgomery's name and date of his birth and death. 
The next-his wife, the next his father James Montgomery. Joseph 
was full cousin of my father's and James was a brother of my 
grandmother Kirk. 

(Continued in next issue of The Home Journal-September 25,1903) 

About 10 steps away there was a headstone and a footstone 
and on it was written John J. Kirk died 1821 and in the 70th 
year of his age. So we accortplished what we went for and returned. 

He was under Sumter during Revolutionary War. When 
Teleton captured a large part of Sumter's Company, grandfather 
was down on the Saluda River washing his clothes with several 
others. They swam the river and made their escape. Further than 
that I know nothing of his record. 



41 

Joseph Montgomery was born helpless in his limbs and when 

old enough to go to school his father had a boy take him to and 
back from school night and morning. Joseph was a bright boy and 
learned very rapidly, by the time he was grown he had as good 
an education as was given in those days and was said in after 
years to have been one of the best informed and most intelligent 
men in Rutherford County. His father made his will and left his 
property to Joseph on account of his condition. Joseph took charge 
of the property at his father's death. The same boy hauled him 
over the plantation and he supervised and directed everything 
and was said to have been a neat and successful farmer. Joseph 
concluded he needed a companion, and I suppose he did much more 
than the companion needed him. He found a Miss Rankin who 
accepted him. They married and it is said they lived happily 
together. Joseph was a churchgoer before and after his marriage. 
The boy would drive him up to the window so he could see and hear 
the preacher. She would get out and go into the church herself. 
They would be driven back home by the boy. 

In 2 years Joseph died and she fell heir to the property. 
and with the assistance of the relatives she managed it very 
successfully. In 2 years more she died, and the property all 
went to her relatives. The 2 sisters did a great deal of talking, 
but Mrs. Montgomery kept the property all the same. It was an 
oversight in Joseph's father not making some provision for his 2 
daughters. But who would have thought of Joseph's marrying? 
But stranger things have happened. I always thought that Joseph 
should have done something for the slave Stephen who waited on 
him from childhood until 30 years of age. But if he ever gave him 
anything I never heard of it. 



42 

My grandfather Kirk had a peculiar case in his family, 
a son-in-law by the name of Keylov; became strangely affected. 
He was like a mad man. It took 6 men to hold him in bed, and 
the news spread far and near. He had a presentiment that he 
wanted to go to the back of the field to get something he 
wanted. So the nurses went with him and pulled out of a 
hollow tree a ball. The ball was found to be composed of hair- 
pins, needles and other articles. They returned to the house 
and the crowd examined the ball. They threw it in the fire 
and strange to say, Mr. Keylow began to improve, got well and 

hearty. Then Granmother Kirk her daughter and snn- in-law moved 

-> 
to West Tennessee. He went with them. In about --- my grand- 
father and myself visited them in West Tennessee. We rode up 
to his house just after dark. 

We cried, "Hellol" He came out and my father asked, "Is 
that Capt. Keylow?" He answered, "It is Major. How do you do?" 
He knew him by his voice. Mr. Keylow was well and quite jovial, 
and also next morning when we left. And we never heard of him 
anymore. 

My father was born in S. C. 1785 of Scoth-Irish ancestry. 
He went with his father in 1802 to Middle Tennessee in the 17th 
year of his age and then started out for himself. He bought 
up a large drove of horses on credit, and had to drive them 
through a wilderness to New Orleans, spending one night with the 
Indians. He made several trips and when the Battle of New Orleans 
occurred fought by Gen. Jackson January 8, 1815 near New Orleans. 
I have heard him say he had been in that city when yellow fever 
was raging and hearses were running all day and night hauling the 



<! V 



Mr 



43 
dead bodies out of the city. He kept a bottle of whiskey with 
assofallida (?) (asafetida ?), and always believed it prevented 
his taking the disease. He returned home and bought a farm 
from a man named Phillips, settled down to farming and married 
and moved to the Phillips house 250 yards from his own house. 

In 1817-18 the Creek War broke out and he raised a conpany 
and enlisted under Jackson, in his campaign. After the war 
he resumed farming. 

In 1812 he built this dwelling on whose portico we now 
stand, my friends, as well as I can calculate. 

I was the first person born in this house February 22, 
1823. My father continued farming and also ran a road wagon 
from Nashville to different towns, hauling goods at a profit in 
those days. In 1851 he died in the 66th year of his age, and 
was buried in the graveyard in Murf reesboro. 

I have always thought my mother unsurpassed among women. 
She was a pious member of the Presbyterian Church, as was my father. 
She was a very domestic woman, of untiring energy and devotion to 
her family. I remember she had a shop, made lamp and often the 
needle by its light till 10 o'clock at night. She had a real 
factory consisting of a small flax wheel, 2 spinning wheels and 
cards, a pair of winding blades, a spool frame and a pair of 
winding blades and a pair or warping bows (?) and a loom. The 
thread was converted into cloth for about 30 people on the place. 
She would often barter bolts of cloth in Murfreesboro for such 
things as she could not make at home. She was a kind and loving 
mother, always giving good Christian advice. She died in 1859 in 
the 62nd year of her age and was buried by my father's side. 



44 

Winding to the close of my remarks I wish to say that my 
ancestors, my grandfather and my grandmother and their descendants 
never had any one in jail or the penitentiary for any crime as 
far as we have any account of them. 
Postscript 

Before closing, however, I wish to mention the short and 
prosperous career of Col. Robert Jetton, who was a son of my 
grandfather Jetton. He was quite an important character in and 
around Murf reesboro, and would be called in these times and days 
"a hustler". When grandfather Jetton concluded to move to West 
Tennessee Col. Robert purchased his father's landed property, and 
this in connection with his own made a magnificent plantation. 
It was but a few years before he had this plantation stocked 
with laborers and made abundant crops. He also owned landed 
property in West Tennessee. He was Colonel in Gen. Jackson's 
army during the Seminole and Creek Wars. He represented Ruther- 
ford County one term in the legislature. He contracted and had 
the brick made and built the first Courthouse that was ever built 
in Murf reesboro. He contracted for the delivery of mails all over 
middle portion of Tennessee and owned the stage line. He also 
contracted and built a large portion of the Nashville and Murfrees- 
boro turnpike. He was engaged for a number of years in the mercan- 
tile business, also owned a tan yard and a blacksmith shop and 2 
furnaces and did work for the surrounding county. He also owned 
a gin and did all the ginning for the surrounding neighborhood. 
He also kept a horse mill so when the water was too low he could 
grind with it and attend it himself, although a wealthy man. I 
remember being there on one occasion when a boy his hopper was 



45 
about 10 feet above the ground with elevated steps. He took 
a bushel bag and carried it up the steps, and emptied it in 
the hopper and when ground brought it down, put it on the horse 
for me and started me home. 

The largest reception I was ever at in my life was at 
his house. His son, Robert married a niece of ex-President 
and Mrs. Polk. Polk was governor of Tennessee at that time, and 
he and Mrs. Polk were there on that occasion. And I think all 
the carriages in and around Murfreesboro were there that night. 

The first piano I ever heard in my life was there that 
night, and I was greatly impressed with the music. None but the 
most wealthy could afford pianos at that time. He died at 55 
years in the very prime of his life, and was buried in Murfrees- 
boro in the old grave yard. 

My friends, we are all here for a short time and like the 
bird will soon pass away and be forgotten. The preacher of 
olden times said, "All is vanity and vexation of spirit and no 
profit under the sun of all our labors." We struggle and we toil 
to lay up treasures on this earth. We build our fine mansions 
and furnish them most elegantly. We have every want supplied, 
we lean back and promise ourselves long lives and happiness but 
the dread disease of sickness comes upon us. And we are then 
prostrate upon our beds. Medical aid is summoned but they fail 
to give relief. And we linger along a few days and pass away. 
A coffin or casket is provided for us, and we are carried out of 
the mansion feet foremost, to some lonely spot, and a hole is dug 
in the earth, and we are placed therein. The dirt is heaved 
upon us. And others rise up in our stead and we sink to oblivion. 



46 
and perhaps strangers occupy the fine mansions we build. 



Hugh and Alexander (Montgomery) are Montgomery family names. 
There was the name Hugh however in some of the earlier Kirk 
records. 

Mary is an old Kirk name as is Eleanor. The family did keep 
the Scottish Custom of keeping family names for hundreds of 
years. 



The KIRK cemetery was found in 1978 between Elam Road 
and U. S. 41. The cemetery is 1/2 mile east and be- 
hind the Seventh Day Advent ist church on Elam Road. 
It is about 100 feet out in a pasture from a line fence. 
John Kirk' s grave was found along with Alexander 
Nisbett and his wife. The base stones and pieces of 
other markers indicate other graves there. 



RE: KIRK 47 



Hugh Montgomery, Sr. 

Son: Hugh Montgomery, Jr. 
Dau: Mary Eleanor Montgomery 

Wed- John Kirk Sr. 17 51 - 1821, Scotland & Tennessee 
I. Hugh Kirk - born 17 85 South Carolina 

died 1850 in Tennessee 
Wed: Jane Jetton born 17 86 South Carolina 

died 1859 in Tennessee 
A. Mary Kirk 

Wed: Mr. Alfred Lowe - Mid Tennessee 

1 . Mary Lowe 

Wed: P. A. Lyon 

a. Alfred Lyon 

b. Adeline Lyon 

Wed: A. J. Brandon, Jr. 

2. Melissa Lowe 

Wed: A. J. Brandon, Sr. 
a. A. J. Brandon, Jr. 

3. Mattie Lowe 

Wed: Mr. Pinkard , 1st 

Ellen Pinkard 
Wed: Dr. J. P. Lyon , 2nd 

Melissa Lyon 
Wed: Jim Nisbitt 

a. Alene Ross Nisbitt * 

b. Sara Lyon Nisbitt * 

c. Helen Nisbitt * 

B. Elizabeth Kirk 

Wed: Mr. Tenpleton 

a, Ellen Templeton 

Wed: Mr. Walton 

C. John J. Kirk 1820 - 1861 

Wed: Nancy Parker 

a. Mary Jane Kirk ** 

Wed: William Ossie Snell 

b. Fannie Kirk 

Wed: T. B, Osborn *** 

c. Hugh Kirk never married 

D. Alexander Montgomery Kirk 

Wed: Sarah Brothers 

a. Lizzy Kirk 

b. William Kirk 

c. Sally Kirk 

d. Roberta White Kirk 

e. Montgomery Kirk 

All born in Washington County, Miss. 
and moved to Florida 

E. Franklin Kirk 

Wed: ? 



48 



* Mrs. Ramsey Snell can supply information 

** Refer to Jane Stone's "SNELL " book for our long line- 
Ramsey Emmett Snell, 92 and Mary Kirk Snell Ransom, 88, 
are still living 1979 

*** Mrs. John Osborn, Murfreesboro can supply this line. 



Hugh Kirk 
Killed at Franklin, Tennessee 
Never Married \ 

Melissa Kirk 
Wed: James C. Snell (Curtis) 

(Half brother to William Ossie 
Snell — above) 

a. Etna Snell 

Wed: Jim Johnson 

b. Florence Snell 

Wed: Mr. Napier 

c. James C. Snell, Jr 

Wed: Dora Butler ** 



49 



A HISTORY of the RUSSELL HOMEPLACE 
By- Mr. Tom L. Russell 

A cedar log house and its surrounding land was the home 
and livelihood of several generations of Russells that descended 
from Pinkney H. Russell (1816-1891) who migrated from North 
Carolina prior to 1845 to Wilson County, Tennessee. The house 
and land was located just South of Spring Creek and in the fifth 
district of Rutherford County, Tennessee. It was the homeplace 
of the writer, a location of many fond memories. Below is a 
brief history of the place so near to the great-great-grandson 
of Pinkney H. Russell, Thomas L. Russell. 

In the year 1789, the state of North Carolina granted to 
Stephen Brooks of Pitt County, N. C. several hundred acres of 
land in Tennessee. Some of this land lay in what was to later 
be Rutherford and Sumner Counties, Tennessee. Land that was 
to later be the site of the Russell Homeplace was part of the 
grants to Brooks. 

Some time thereafter Brooks sold the land to a Richard 
Evans of Pitt County. Evans in turn sold the land to Alexander 
Evans in 1817-2,560 acres (640 acres in Sumner County and the 
rest in Rutherford) for the price of $5,000.00 or about $2.00 
an acre. 

Later Alexander Evans sold the land to several men by the 
names of John Barber, Joseph, Levi, William and Nathan Lannom 
whose descendants still live in Rutherford and Wilson Counties. 

In November of 1834 Laban Benthall, a hatter and perhaps 



50 

skilled in other trades, purchased part of the above land from 
John Barber and Green B. Lannom, and heir of Joseph Lannom. 
The land Benthall obtained included the site of the Russell 
homeplace. Benthall 's boundary began where Fall Creek emptied 
into Spring Creek, went south 1749 feet, then east 4092 feet, 
then north 2359 feet and finally west 2275 feet to Spring Creek 
and down the creek to the beginning of the boundary line. No 
dwellings or stipulations was mentioned in the deed as was to 
come later. 

In October of 1836 Benthall sold the same land to Thomas 
Rose with an exception of the way that the upper or northern 
boundary ran. In the 1835 deed Benthall mentions (1) a dwelling, 
(2) the reservation of one acre of land for the purpose of 
building a meeting house for public worship and a school for 
teaching children, and (3) a hatter's shop which was located 
above Spring Creek Bridge. Benthall went to Dyer County in 
West Tennessee apparently with Elisha Sanders of the first 
district of Rutherford County, for the 1850 Census Benthall is 
listed \inder the household of Elisha Sanders and a widower. 

In March of 1872 William Rose, son of Thomas Rose who 
died and was buried on what was to be the Russell homeplace, 
sold the land to Patton A. McPeak who lived on Fall Creek, south 
of the purchased land. This sale involved only 81 acres. Rose 
either keeping some of the land or having already sold some of 
it since the acreage had been cut in two. Again the dwelling 
and reservation of one acre of land to build a meeting place for 
public worship was mentioned. Another reservation was stipulated 
in this deed — that of a family graveyard 32 feet by 40 feet. 



51 
This cemetery was located behind or north of the house with 
a vegetable garden in between the two. Later Russell s and 
other persons would be buried west of the plot stipulated by 
the Rose family as a "family graveyard." 

Mr. Ed Arnold, long time resident of the community, recalls 
that one of the young men of the Rose family was killed by 
another community resident in an argument — reason being unknown. 
Most assuredly he was laid to rest along with his parents and 
perhaps other members of the Rose family, a family which had 
come from North Carolina. 

From the above deeds and descriptions contained therein, 
it appears that Laban Benthall built the cedar log house on the 
Russell homeplace, a home for them from about 1878 until 1958 
when the house burned. He would have built the home sometime 
in 1835. The structure was made up of three rooms, one being 
a kitchen setting away from the two other rooms, and half rooms 
or pens over the front two rooms. A hall or breeze- way divide 
the kitchen and two front rooms. 

The hatter's shop built by Benthall could have been the 
same structure used by W. D. Cook for a blacksmith shop since 
both shops or businesses were located near and above Spring 
Creek Bridge. 

In January of 1878 William D. Cook and Wilson H. Russell, 
son of Pinkney H. Russell, purchased a fifteen acre part of the 
Russell homeplace — the part where the cedar log house stood. 
This purchase was made from Patton A. McPeak, wife Martha and 
David F. Hunter and wife Rebecca Rowlett. (David F. Hunter was 
a brother of the wife of William D. Cook, Margaret Ann Hunter) . 



52 
Seven months later, Wilson H. Russell and wife Jennie 0. Cook, 
daughter of William D. Cook and Margaret Cook, became the parents 
of a baby boy who was named William Pinkney Russell. 

In February of 1879 McPeak and wife sold to Wilson Russell 
61 acres of land joining the 15 acres purchased earlier by Cook 
and Russell. This part contained the one acre reserved for the 
meeting place of public worship. According to family stories 
and a map of Rutherford County, a doctor's house or cabin stood 
across the road from the main house. In the early 1900' s, this 
cabin was moved next to this acre reserve. William P. Russell 
was to raise his family in this cabin, it being located south 
of the main house and near the public road on the east side. 

William (Bill) Cook must not have felt the need for addition- 
al acreage since he was a blacksmith and not a farmer like his 
son-in-law, Wilson Russell who made the purchase alone this 
time. Four years earlier, March of 1874, Wilson Russell had 
written to a friend, W. B. Pafford, then in California. Russell 
spoke of hard times and scarce money, and then spoke of his 
farming activities of sowing oats and cleaning up some land 
for cotton. 

Bill and Margaret Cook, Wilson and Jennie Russell continued 
to live together in the three room dwelling until Bill and 
Margaret died near the turn of the century. Bill and Margaret 
had only one child , Jennie who gave birth to several children, 
three of which lived to adulthood. They were William Pinkney 
who married Bertha Townes, Carrie who married Will Bridges and 
Jesse who died before marriage. Jesse died in 1912; her funeral 
was held in the front lot of the homeplace under the shade of a 
huge oak tree. Jennie had died in 1894. 



53 

During the Cook-Russell occupation a front porch was 
added along with a dining room on the East side of the kitchen. 
Such was the structure for as long as the house would stand. 

At the death of Wilson Russell in 1934 the homeplace 
became the living place for William P. Russell, the only son 
of Wilson. William's family was to live in the main house 
until his death in 1944 when the oldest son of William, Clarence 
Wilson Russell, would buy out his brothers and sisters, namely, 
Robert Reed, Shirley Martin, Hollis Miller, Wyman Townes, 
Helen Virginia and Marion Elizabeth Russell. 

Clarence Russell who married Miralee Wright in 1938 and had 
lived part of the time in the main house and part of the time 
in the log cabin heretofore mentioned, was to raise his family 
at the Russell homeplace and in the same log home built by 
Laban Benthall in 1835. Clarence and Mira's children were 
Thomas Lee, Kenneth Wilson, Rebecca Ann and Jennie Lynn. The 
old log house was home for them until 1958 when it was destroyed 
by fire. Thus, four generations of Russell s or five generations 
of the same family had found home at the same place in the same 
house in the fifth district of Rutherford County, south of 
Spring Creek just a few hundred yards and east a few hundred 
yards of the public road called Lamar Road. 

Today, 1979, the knoll on which the house stood is part 
of the south shore of the Percy Priest Lake which backs up into 
the Spring Creek bed. Some of the maple trees of the yard and 
one pear tree still stand. A new growth of trees and honeysuckle 
vine cover the garden which was north of the house and the 
family graveyard of the Rose family, gradually returning things 



54 
to a natural environment which Laban Benthall found on this 
knoll in 1834. Gone but not forgotten because the Russell 
homeplace holds many dear memories to one of her sons, 
Thomas L. Russell, and I know for others as well. 



55 



JOHN TAYLOR LYTLE 
by 
Clarice Miller 

The driveway of the J. B. McNeil's home six miles 
out the Franklin Road from Murf reesboro, Tennessee, 
winds around in a curve, skirting the house. On either 
side of the driveway, the smooth, emerald grass is 
shaded by huge trees with knarled trunks that speak of 
olden times. There are pecan, maple, spruce, boxwood, 
and a magnificent magnolia which stands quite close on 
the right hand side of the house. 

The modern home is built on the site of the 
original home place of John Taylor Lytle, oldest son of 
Captain William Lytle. The Captain had given sixty 
acres of land north of "Murfree Spring Branch" in 1811 
for a permanent seat of justice for the county. This 
was part of the original grants to William and Archibald 
Lytle after service in the Revolution War, as well as 
other grants purchased by them. 

William Lytle 's family migrated from Pennsylvania 
to North Carolina, then to Middle Tennessee. He visited 
the region in Tennessee and returned to "Hillsborough, 
North Caroline, by 1786 . . . for he married Ann Taylor 
that year. She was a girl of sixteen or seventeen and 



C. C. Henderson. The Story of Murf reesboro, 
1929. News Banner Publishing Co. p. 28. 



56 
he was a man of thirty-one." William continued to buy 
land grants from Revolutionary veterans who did not 
wish to come to Tennessee. After his brother, Archibald's 

death, William had 26,441 acres. He probably left North 

2 
Carolina for the West in 1798 or 1799. 

After they arrived in Middle Tennessee, William's 

wife was referred to as Nancy. According to Andrew 

Nelson Lytle, they chose a "site on level land, by a 

creek, with rising ground to the south and east and 

rolling hillocks to the west. To the north lay a cedar 

grove." Here they built their home on the site of the 

present Carnation Plant, which is no longer in use. 

William Lytle died in 1829 and is buried near the original 

home site. The house according to Andrew Lytle, was tvro 

story of hewn cedar logs, weatherboarded on the outside, 

and had ceilings of poplar painted light blue. Nancy 

Lytle was the leader of fashion and patron of all balls 

3 
and parties in Murfreesboro. She died in 182 5. 

When, in 1811, the Legislature appointed a 

committee to choose a new site (instead of Jefferson) 

for the seat of county justice, at least four locations 

were eagerly proffered by the owners, the Rucker place, 

the Black Fox Springs, the Captain William Lytle land, 

and the Ready place . . . "Captain Lytle enhanced his 



2 
Andrew Nelson Lytle. A Wake for the Living. 

Crown Publishers, Inc. New York. @ 1975. 
^Ibid. 



57 
offer far beyond the others." He staged a large 
reception and banquet presided over by his wife, Nancy. 
The committee accepted Lytle's offer. The lytle property 
of sixty acres on a slight elevation, appeared to be 
well adapted to meeting the criteria for a central 
location. Lytle at first declined to suggest a name 
for the new county seat, and the General Assembly, on 
October 27, 1811, designated the town as Cannonsburgh 
in honor of Newton Cannon. Shortly afterward, Lytle 

suggested it be named Murf reesborough in memory of his 

4 
friend. Colonel Hardy Murfree. It later became 

Murf reesboro. 

"John Taylor Lytle was the Captain's oldest son. 

He was named for his mother's father and in his youth 

was a wild one ... He finally got religion and built 

a church house on his farm (given to him by his father. 

Captain William Lytle) and made slaves and family attend 

5 
with the zeal only the saved can manifest." 

His house, according to Andrew N. Lytle, six miles 

out from Murfreesboro, was still standing some few years 

ago. It was a frame and unlike the usual country house 

of the region. The living room was paneled halfway up 

and papered the rest. Across a narrow hall was the 

dining room. The kitchen and out houses were mostly 

gone. The house was commodious enough. 



4 
Homer Pittard. Griffith . 

Andrew Nelson Lytle. A Wake for the Living . 



58 

"There were large dressing rooms upstairs attached 
to the bedrooms. In the yard is a great stone brought 
for his tomb. Since it was unsuitable, it was dropped 
and, Andrew Lytle says, he supposes it still lies there. 
At the entrance to the drive is a buggy house, with 
handmade snake hinges." 

Mrs. John Grooms of Murf reesboro, a descendant of 
John Hartman, who purchased the Lytle place, has a 
picture of the Lytle house made in approximately 1916, 
or about two years before Frances Hartman (Mrs. Grooms' 
mother) was born in 1918. Frances Hartman married an 
Odom, which is Mrs. Grooms' maiden name. John Hartman 's 
son. Jack, lived there until his marriage. His daughter, 
Ida Mildred Hartman, who currently works at the Murf reesboro 
Post Office, was instrumental in locating the picture of 
the Lytle home place. 

The large twenty by sixteen inch tinted photograph 
in an oval frame of stained wood shows the house as 
Andrew Nelson Lytle described it. In the picture is a 
pump house next to the dwelling with a latteced porch. 
It is now enclosed in concrete at the McNeil farm. The 
foundation of the barn, seen in the picture, is now found 
back of the current McNeil barn. 

The large lawn in front of the home in the picture 
has no trees except the magnolia at the right hand corner, 
of the house and two large stumps. That same magnolia 



^Ibid. 




THE JOHN LYTLE HOME PLACE 




THE CRYPT - Mrs. McNiel stands at the west side of the 
crypt where the tombstones are piled. 



59 




The small cemetery near the crypt. Notice the double gate 
to allow room for pallbearers. 




The McNiel home today on the siteof the former John Lytle 
home. 




The stones from the buggy house near the road were laid 
under the old magnolia tree at the corner of the McNiel 
home 

60 



61 

is still there. It is a magnificent old soldier of a 
tree showing the scars of many cold winters, wind, and 
snow. Limestone slabs surround the magnolia's foot. 

Mrs. McNeil says the slabs came from the front 
yard near the driveway entrance. She had thought they 
were the foundation of a slave cabin until she learned 
of the buggy house mentioned by Andrew Nelson Lytle 
which stood by the entrance to the driveway. 

The McNeil's became curious and interested in the 
crypt found back of their home and to the right side. 
It contains John Lytle 's grave with his second wife, 
Mary. She was a widow when he married her, Mary Ward 

Sills Turner. 

7 
Andrew Nelson Lytle says "John Lytle 's first wife 

was Tabitha Morton. . . Tabitha is buried in the Lytie 

burying ground on the original homeplace (at the site 

Q 

of the Carnation Plant). This is set apart in a lonely 
spot, although at the time no doubt a place had been 
reserved by her for her husband's repose. As such things 
go in a hard country, he lies by his second wife, in the 
rear of his dwelling on the Franklin Dirt Road. He 
built a tomb out of limestone rock, and he and my 
ancestress lie there. The lightning struck the top and 
through the crack it is possible to see the two skulls 



^Ibid., p. 130-131. 

Information given by Andrew Nelson Lytle in a 
letter to the author of this article. 




The old magnolia at the east 
corner of the McNiel home, \A/hich 
can be seen in the old picture of 
the Lytle home. 




This old tree, probably planted by John Lytle, was recently 
blown down by a storm. It measures 75 feet high and 1 5 
feet around the trunk about 2 feet from the ground. 

62 



63 



Andrew Nelson Lytle 

THE LOa CABIN 
MONTIAOLt. TKNN S7SS* 



Jep. 16, 1978 



Dear Ulsa 11111 er: 

Tablatha la buried in the Lytle 
oemetary, at Carnation site. I underatand 
a storm bleu the headstones ciown, but that 
they have been fixed. I'm pretty aure about 
this, beoaus e John is buried by his aeoond 
wife. I remember she awaited him in vain. 

You have my permission to quote. 
If you quote too lengty passages, you might 
have to get permission from the publishers. 



iincerely YkurS . , . 



I 



64 
leaning towards each other, with the constant grimace 
of silence and privacy. He had chiseled into the stone 
a curse on anyone who may disturb or move his bones." 

The four or five inch crack is in a right angle, 
and the only thing that can be seen now is something 
resembling a silver knife. Mr. McNeil jokingly tells 
visitors, "Old John gets up sometimes in the night and 
wanders around, but he doesn't bother me and I sure 
don't bother him." 

The engraving on the vault reads, "Molest not the 
dead, nor spoil his resting place." Mr. McNeil says he 
has no intention of harming it in any way. He and John 
get along well together. 

Mr. and Mrs. McNeil asked to have the burying 
ground researched. Mr. E. K. Johns and Mr. H. G. Wray 
did the investigation of the vault and cemetery. A 
copy, loaned by the McNeils, of the result of their 
research follows. 

Since it is called Lytle-Blanks Cemetery, it is 
assumed that it was a community cemetery. The 1878 
map (found in Murfreesboro Historical Society) mentioned 
in the research shows the home called "Rosydell" with 
Captain John Lytle in residence. This must have been 
John Taylor Lytle' s son, who was called Jack. According 
to Andrew Nelson Lytle 's family tree, he married Helen 
King, 



Mr. & Mrs. J. B. McNeil & 
E.K.Johns & 
H.G. Wray, June 1972 



LYTLE-BLANKS CEMETERY (Sheet 1 of 2) 
Rockvale Quadrangle. On Highway #96, 0.8 of a mile East of 
the intersection of Windrow Road (now named Coleman Rd.) The 
cemetery is about 'l+OO' south of Hwy. 96 and about 100' west 
of the J. B. McNeil home. A large old house once stood where 
the present home now stands. 

Large vault about 12' x 12' and about 5' high with a flat 
roof. The walls are of finely cut limestone blocks 8" thick, 
and the roof of solid limestone pieces 8" thick, 3' wide and 
12' long. At one end (east) are these inscribed slabs: 



John Lytles Tomb 
Built 1835 



John Lytle 
July 9, 1788 
Aug. 31. 18^1 



Molest not the 
dead, nor spoil 
his resting place 



On the west side is this inscribed slab 



In memory of John & Mary Lytle 

John Lytle July 9, 1788-Aug. 31, 1841 

Mary W. Lytle Jan. 11, 1800-Nov. 30, 1847 



About 40' southwest of the Lytle vault is a small iron fence 
enclosing four graves: 



Martha S. Floyd 
Mar. 30, 1861 
Nov. 9, 1897 

M.A.W. 
No dates 



James M. Floyd 
Nov. 15, 1893 
Feb. 5, I894 

Drury S . Floyd 
June 18, 1897 
Oct. 13, 1897 



There were nine broken tombstones stacked on the west side of 
the Lytle vault and have been stacked there for a long time but 
the inscriptions are well preserved. 



Martha G. Lytle 
Aug. 26, 1822 
Aug. 18, 1825 

Ingram Blanks 
Dec. 18, 1755 
Dec. 12, 1825 

Martha Blanks 

wife of 
Ingram Blanks 
Mar. 6, 1756 
June 9, 1826 



James E. Webb, Esq, 
Sept. 6, 1794 
July 9. 1873 

Msirtha Ann 

wife of 
James E. Webb 
Mar. 1, 1794 
Oct. 3, I872 

Mary E. Vaughan 
Feb. 9, 1847 
Nov. 9, I89I 



Mary J . Webb 

wife of 
Harvey Haynes 
Apr. 6, 1820 
June 5. 1897 

Harvey H. Haynes 
Apr. 11, I8I5 
Mar. 18, I863 



66 



LYTLE- BLANKS CEMETERY (Sheet 2 of 2) 
Broken and part missing: 



Burns, wife of 



Burns, dau», of 



h Webb 



Nov. , 1848 

Sept. 5, 1879. 



NOTE: On 1878 map this place is named "Rosydell" and lists 
Capt. John Lytle as living there. 

In 1820 Census Ingram Blanks had 33 slaves 



67 
The McNeils have lived on this farm for eight 

years, the fifth family to live there. First the John 

Lytles and heirs, then John Hartman purchased the farm 

from the Lytle heirs. Later his son. Jack Hartman, 

lived there, and then August Leeman purchased and tore 

down the house and built a new (the current) home. The 

Hugh Samples came next and the McNeils purchased the 

farm from the Samples. 

John Lytle gave the land in Murfreesboro for the 

United Methodist Church on College Street at Church 

Street. The following information was furnished by 

Mrs. Lody Lytle Houston (Ivan) Brown: 

The organization of this very popular branch of 
the church in this country dates back to about 1812. 
At that time there was held a camp meeting at the 
Windrow Camp Ground at which there were many professions 
of religion. Other camp meetings now held at which 
itinerant ministries of the Methodist faith were present 
and worked with that zeal that was peculiar to the 
pioneer ministries of that faith. Rev. Robert Paine, 
who became bishop in the Methodist Episcopal Church, 
was a circuit rider over a district embracing Rutherford 
County. During the season of the General Assembly, he 
preached in the courthouse and many members were present 
and took a part in the exercises, among them Felix 
Grundy, the distinguished lawyer and statesman. A class 
was organized at a house on College Street in 1821. 



68 

The charter menbers are: Benjamin Blankenship and wife, 

Edward Fisher and wife, Thomas Montague and wife, John 

Lytle and wife, Martin Clark, Willis Reeves, John Jones, 

William Ledbetter, G. A. Sublett , D. Henry Holmes, 

Dr. W. R. Rucker, Levi Reeves, J. D. Neugent and David 

Hammis. Preaching was furnished by traveling preachers 

at first and services were held either in the courthouse 

or in a private dwelling until the year 1823. In 1823 

John Lytle deeded a lot, near where Soule's College, now 

stands for the purpose of having a church erected thereon. 

The lot was deeded to 

John R. McLaughlin 
Samuel McLaughlin 
Simpson Bimons 
Benjamin Rucker 
S. Ogden 
A. Childress 
Edmond Jones 
as Trustees 

A brick house, one story high, with gallery for 

Negroes, and bell, was completed at a cost of about 

$1,800.00 

Goodspeed p 8 39-840 

Warranty Deed of John Lytle to Methodist Church Trustees 
Dated January 11, 1823, 
Registered July 3, 183 2 

Register's Office for Rutherford County, Tennessee 
Deed Book 5, page 5 74 

The progress of the church was slow until 1828 
when the first conference met in Murf reesboro, at which 



69 



a great revival was begun and the church was greatly 
strengthened. John Lytle, Mrs. Wasson, and the Rev. 
John Lane deserve mention for their zeal and piety; 
also Captain Jones who conducted the first public 
prayer meeting at the old Bradly Academy in 1818. 

Goodspeed p. 839 



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72 



REVOLUTIONARY PENSICN REG CRD of John M. Leak 
Furnished by Mrs. Edna Fry 

STATE OF TENNESSEE ) 

) Circuit Court, October Term 1831 
RUTHERFOID COUNTY ) 

On this day October 21, 1831 personally appeared in 
open court before the honorable Thomas Stewart, Judge, 
now sitting for said county, John M. Leak, a resident of 
the county and state aforesaid, aged seventy five years; 
who being first sworn according to law, doth on his oath 
make the following declaration in order to obtain the benefit 
of the act of Congress passed June 7th 1832. He states that 
he was born in Amherst County, State of Virginia in the year 
1758, and in January 1777 (this he is not certain) he entered 
the service of his country, from the county of Amherst as a 
substitute in the place of William Johnston. Declarent was 
then in his seventeenth year. His Captain was David Shelton. 
He was marched to the barracks in Albermarle County to aid 
in guarding the prisoners then at that place. Declarent 
remained in service one month; was discharged and returned home. 

In April of the same year declarent was drafted and 
called out under Capt. John Deggs from the county of Amherst, 
and rendezvoused at the Barracks in Albermarle upon the same 
duty and after a service of one month was discharged and 
returned home. Declarent thinks that Col. Taylor of the 
regular Army commanded at the barracks. 



73 
In November of the same year declarent entered the 
service as a substitute for Josias Dodd from the county of 
Amherst, and was attached to Capt. John Christian's Company, 
and again marched to the Barracks in Albermarle to guard 
prisoners; and was in service one month, was discharged and 
returned home. 

Declarent was again drafted from that county of Amherst 
and was attached to Capt. Richard Ballingers conpany. He 
cannot recall the year but believes that it was the same 
year or about the time that Arnold burnt Richmond, or the 
public stores at that place. And in the month of January, 
was marched to Albermarle old court house and there joined 
a company commanded by capt. Joseph Tucker. The corps was 
transported in canoes down the river within eighteen miles 
of Richmond and was there disembarked and marched down to 
the city. When the detachment reached Richmond, Capt. 
Ballengers company was ordered to Hoods Fort and Capt. 
Tuckers to Williamsburg. Capt. Ballengers command was 
conveyed to Hoods Fort by water. The duty of the corps 
on its arrival at the Fort was to guard it. Declarent 
remained in service three months; was discharged and re- 
turned home, and he reached home the last of May, and 
declarent believes that this last tour of service was 
performed in the year 1780. 

The tenth of August 1781 declarent was again drafted 
in the county of Amherst and entered the service under the 
command of Col. Daniel Gaines. The corps was two hundred 

The stores at Richmond wete burned Jan. 5, 1781 



74 
strong and was marched by the commanding officer to Rich- 
mond and from there to Williamsburg, where we halted one 
day. The French had reached that place, and the corp under 
the command of Col Gaines was halted, until they passed 
in front and the whole command then moved on to York. 
While stationed at York declarent was detached part of the 
time to drive a wagon for the purpose of transporting bread 
from Williamsburg for Gen. Lawson's brigade. After the 
capture of Lord Corn Wallace, declarent was ( ? ) and 
marched with the Army to Pages Wharehouse in (Parmanky ?) 
and at that point was discharged and returned home. In the 
last campaign declarent was in service three months and 
ten days. Declarent recollects that one (Mifsous)? was the 
Quartermaster and that Thos. Low was the deputy quartermaster. 
Declarent was never in any battle. Declarent recollects of 
seeing at Albermarle Barracks Col. Taylor and Lee and of 
Hardin of the regular army. And at York he saw Genl. 

Washington, The Steuben, and he recollects a Frenchman, 

a slender young man called the Marquis. He saw Genl. Wayne, 
who commanded the New England troops. 

Declarent has no record of his age; he was born in 
17 58-Amherst County-State of Virginia, and remained there 
after the war until the year 1795, and then moved to Rock- 
bridge County, and in 1811 moved to Knox County, State of 
Tennessee and in 1821 to Wilson County, and for the last 
three years declarent has resided in Rutherford County, 
Tennessee where he now lives. Declarent never had but one 
discharge, and that was from Capt. Ballinger which has been 



75 

destroyed. Declarent is acquainted in his neighborhood with 
Wm. Davis, William Walker, Thomas Nevil, (Edmond) Thompson, 
John Edmondson, William Thompson, Joseph Cannon, Nimrod 
Thompson, all of whom declarent believes will testify to 
his character for veracity and their belief of his service 
as a soldier of the revolution. And in the neighborhodd 
where declarent moved from Wilson County where he is better 
known, he can name John Sneed, William Holland, Lemuel 

, James Ewing, Nelson (Bayan) , Mathew , Wm. Davis 

and Rich. Hanneh all of whom would testify to their belief 
of declarent serving in the war of the Revolution and to 
his character for vericity. Declarent has no documentary 
evidence in his possession by which he can prove his said 
service, and he knows of no one now living by whom he can 
prove them. 

He hereby relinquishes every claim whatsoever to a 
pension annuity except the present, and declares that his 
name is not on the pension roll of the Agency. 

Sworn to and subscribed this day and year aforesaid. 

his 
John M. X Leak 
Mark 

We William Walker, Thos. Cannon and Joseph Cannon 

residing in the neighborhood of JOhn M. Leak, Hereby 

certify that we are well acquainted with said Leak, who 

has subscribed and sworn to the foregoing declaration. 

That we believe him to be seventy five years of age; 

that he is reported and believed in the neighborhood 



76 
where he resides, to have been a soldier of the Revolution 
and tint we concur in that opinion. 

Sworn to and subscribed this day and year aforesaid. 

William Walker 
Theophilus A. Cannon 
Joseph Cannon 



A letter attached to the pension application from the 
Pension office at Nashville, Tennessee dated Nov. 14, 1840 



Sir, 

At the request of Mr. Mask Leak, the adm. of John M. 
Leak, his father, who was Pensioner under the act of 7th 
June 1832 and who died on the 24th day of August last, I 
enclose to you the preceeding of the court in the case on 
which he expect to draw the areers of the pension due the 
deceased under the act of the 19 June 1840. 

As I have not been furnished with any form or instruct- 
ions under the provisions of the above mentioned act I have 
declined making any payments to admins, or executors until 
I shall be furnished with such form or instructions, by the 
proper department as will enable me, to correctly, to make 
such payments. 

Very respectfully 
J. M. Smith 



77 



INDEX 

Acklen Page 66 

Alexander 1 

Allen 22 

Anderson 5-13 

Arbuthnott 21 

Arnold 16-51-73 

Baird 1-6-11-12 

16 

Ballingers 73-74 

Banks 20 

Barber 49 - 50 

Baskette 15 

Bayan 7 5 

Benthall 49-50-51-53-54 

Bibb 7 

Black 3 

Blanch 18 

Blankenship 68 

Blanks 64 - 65 

Bowman 1 

Bragg 35 

Brandon 47 

Br iclges——"-—'^—— """"•" '"""""•"'"'»'""'"»"»■"""•"■' ^ """'"'" ^ w« 

Brooks 49 

Brown 67 

Burns 66 



78 

Burton Page lo 

Butler 48 

Calhoon 5 

Campbell 13-14-15-18-28 

31-32 

Cannon 57-7 5-7 6 

Case 31 _ 32 

Cawthon 28 

Currin 6-7-8-31 

Childress 3-68 

Christian 7 3 

Clark 68 

Colville 70 

Cook 51 - 52 - 53 

Corn Wallace 74 

Davis 7 5 

Deggs 7 2 

DeShields 7 

Dickson 1-71 

Dodd 7 3 

Eagleton 2-4-5-6 

7 - 8 - 12-13-14 
15 -17 - 20-25-31 

Edwards 71 

Elliott 22 - 27 

Evans 49 

Ewing 5-27-75 

Fife 25 

Finley 21 



79 

Fisher Page 68 

Floyd 65 - 66 

Fry 7 2 

Gaines 73-74 

Garth 27 

Graves 71 

Graybill 27 

Grooms 58 

Grundy 67 

Hall 1-4 

Hammis 68 

Hancock 16 

Hanneh 7 5 

Hardin 7 4 

Hartman 15-22-31-58-67 

Haynes 17 - 65 

Henderson 1-3-4-22-70 

Henry 1 

Hodge 7-8-22 

Holland 7 5 

Holmes 68 

Howse 32 

Hudson 24 

Hunter 51 - 52 

Jackson 17-42-43-44 

January 16 

Jetton l_38-40-44-47 

Johns 11-64-65 



t 

• 80 

Johnson Page 28- 48 

Johnston -r 7 2 

Jones 68 - 69 

Keeble 16 

Kelton 1-5-31 

Keylow 42 

Kiddell 16 

Killough 15 

King 64 - 70 

Kirk 33-34-40-42-46 

47-48 

Knight 16 - 19 

Lane 69 

Lannom 49 - 50 

LaPaglia 31 

Law son 7 4 

Leak 72 ^ 75 - 76 

Lee 7 4 

Leeman 67 

Levinthall 24 

Lincoln 13 

Llewellyn 31 

Logan 70 

Low 7 4 

Lowe 47 

Lyon 28 - 47 

Lytle 3-31-55-56-57 

58-59-61-63-65 
66-67-68-69-70 



81 

Maney Page 6 - 7 - 10-12 

17 - 18 

Massey 11 

McClure 22 

McEwen 71 

McFadden 12-14-15 

McLaughlin 68 

McLin 11 

McNeil 55-58-61-64 

65-66-67 

McNeilly 17 

McPeak 50-51-52 

Mebane 70 

Miller 55 -63 

Mitchell 6-34 

Montague 68 

Montgomery 40-41-46-47 

Morton 61 - 70 

Murfree 15-18-19-22-24 

31-32-57 

Napier 48 

Neil ■ 15-16-20-31 

Nelson 28-70-71 

Neugent 68 

Nevil 7 5 

Newsome — 28 - 29 

Newton r 1 

Nisbitt 47 

Nugent 28 



81 



Ogden Page 68 

Ordway 22 

Osborn 47 

Otts 21 

Overall 34 

Pafford 52 

Paine 67 

Park 22 - 24 

Palmer 17 

Parker 47 

Patterson 24 - 28 

Patton 10 

Pearson 31 

Phillips 39 - 43 

Pinkard 47 

Poff 28 

Polk 3-31-45 

Pr ovine 13 

Ramsey 21 - 22 

Rankin 41 

Ransom 48 

Ray 31 

Ready 16 - 17 - 56 

Reeves 68 

Reid 28 

Rice 20 

Richardson 27 

Ridley 32 



82 

Robinson Page 71 

Rose 50 - 53 

Rowlett 51 

Rucker 56 - 68 

Russell 49-50-51-52 

53-54 

Samples 67 

Sanders 50 

Searcy 70 

Sellars 31 

Shelton 7 2 

Sills 61 - 70 

Simons 68 

Smith 1-29-32-71-76 

Smotherman 31 

Sneed 7 5 

Snell 34 - 47- 48 

Steuben 7 4 

Stewart 1-72 

Sublett 68 

Sumter 40 

Taylor 55-70-7 2-7 4 

Teleton 40 

Templeton -■ 47 

Thomas 25 

Thompson — • 8 - 31- 75 

Townes 52 

Tucker 7 3 



83 

Turner Page 51 - 70 

Van Cleve 25 

Vaughan 65 

Walker 75-76 

Walton 47 

Washington 7 4 

West 21 

Wendel 7 - 8-12-15-16 

17-18- 22-31 

West 21 

Whitman 25 

Wilhoite 24 

Williams 1 

Winsett 39 

Wilson 1-11 

Woodfin 27 - 28 

Woods 33 

Wray 64 - 65 

Wright 53 

Yerger 21 



M T b U LIDMrtHT 



3 3082 00527 7040 



976.857 R931p v.iU 
80-1U793 
Rutherford County Historical 
Society Publication No, lU 
Winter I98O 




HIGHSMITH #'»6220