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n T S U LIBRART 




3 3082 00527 ^53i 

RUTHERFORD COUNTY 
HISTORICAL SOCIETY 



Publication No. 26 




BASSETT HOUSE 



976 

.857 !l 
R931p 
V.26 




WINTER 1986 



/ 



Murfreesboro, Tennessee 37130 



Digitized by the Internet Archive 

in 2010 with funding from 

Lyrasis IVIembers and Sloan Foundation 



http://www.archive.org/details/publication26ruth 



THE COVER 

THE WOMEN CLUB BUILDING 

221 East College 

Murfreesboro , Tennessee 



The photograph of the Bassett 
house made in the 1860,s by Butler, 
Bonsall & Co. Army Photographers 
is from the collection of Robert 
Pope of Lavergne, Tennessee .Mr . Pope 
also furnished the photograph of 
B.L. Ridley on the cover of Publication 
Number 25. 



LIIIIIT 



"••HI TIINfSm ITATI illlffMfff 
HVRftlltltffO. TIffNESSfl S7I.« 



V' . 1L> RUTHERFORD COUNTY HISTORICAL SOCIETY 

PUBLICATION NO. 2 6 

Published by the 

RUTHERFORD COUNTY HISTORICAL SOCIETY 

OFFICERS 

President Mr. James Woodward 

Vice President Mr. Ernest Hooper 

Recording Secretary Mrs. Sara West 

Corresponding Secretary Mrs. Susan Daniel 

Publication Secretary Mr. Walter Hoover 

Treasurer Mrs. Kelly Ray 

Editor Frow Chips Mr. Mike West 

Directors Mr. Jerry Gaither 

Mrs . Judy Lee Green 
Mrs. Mabel Pittard 

Publication No. 26 (Limited Edition — 650 copies) is 
distributed to members of the Society. The annual member- 
ship is $10 (f amily--$ 1 1 ) , which includes the regular pub- 
lication and the monthly NEWSLETTER to all members. 
Additional copies of Publication No. 26 may be obtained at 
$5 per copy. 

All correspondence concerning additional copies, 

contributions to future issues, and membership should be 

addressed to: Rutherford County Historical Society 

P. O. Box 906 
Murfreesboro, TN 37133-0906 

8r.-081?3 



FOR SALE 



THE FOLLOWING PUBLICATIONS ARE FOR SALE B¥ ; 

The Rutherford County Historical Society 

P. O. Box 906 

Murf reesboro, Tennessee 37130 

PUBLICATIONS 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 8, and 9 are out of print. 



PUBLICATION 7: 

PUBLICATION 10: 

PUBLICATION 11: 

PUBLICATION 12: 

PUBLICATION 13: 

PUBLICATION 14: 

PUBLICATION 15: 

PUBLICATION 16: 

PUBLICATION 17: 

PUBLICATION 18: 

PUBLICATION 19: 



PUBLICATION 20; 



PUBLICATION 21 



Hopewell Church, Petition by Cornelius 
Sanders' for Rev. War Pension $3.50 +$1.00 
postage 

1864 Diary, Peter Jennings, Henderson Yoakum, 
Early Methodist Church, and Overall 

$3.50 + $1.00 postage 

State Capitol, Ben McCulloch, Petition of 

Michael Lorance, Country Store, and 

Soule College $3.50 + $1.00 postage 

Out of Print 

Tennessee College, Coleman Scouts, New 
Monument in Old City Cemetery and James 
Boles' Revolutionary War Pension 

$3.50 + $1.00 postage 

Murfreesboro Presbyterian Church, Kirks 
and Montgomerys, Russell Home, John Lytle 
and John M. Leak's Revolutionary War 
Pension $3.50 + $1.00 postage 

John W. Childress' Home (1847), Whigs in 
Rutherford County, 1835-1845 

$3.50 + $1.00 postage 

Hart, Childress, Miles, Fosterville, Cherry 
Shade, William Cocke $3.50 + $1.00 postage 

Jefferson 1803-1813, Will Abstracts (1803- 
1814) , Old City Cemetery 

$3.50 + $1.00 postage 

Railroad Stations in Rutherford County, 
Rion Family Stones River 

$3.50 + $1.00 postage 

Footprints ... at Smyrna, V. A. Medical 
Center, Manson Family, Jenkin's Homes, 
Will Abstracts (Record Books 3 & 4), 
Rutherford Co., Hist. Society, Early News, 
Bio. Sketch from Macon Co., ILL., 1981 
in Rutherford Co. $3.50 + $1.00 postage 

Roads and Turnpikes of Rutherford Co. 
(includes many Rutherford Co. names) 

$5.00 + $1.00 postage 

Jefferson Springs Resort, Lascassas Baptist 
Church, John Price Buchanan, Will Abstracts, 
1836 Tax Records of 25th District 

$5.00 + $1.00 postage 



F OR SALE 

PUBLICATION 22: Ft. Rosecrans, Big Springs, East Main Church 
of Christ Tax Record District 23 & 24, 
for 1836, 1837, and 1849 Mathias Hoover 

$5.00 + $1.00 postage 

PUBLICATION 23: Harding House, Milton Country Stores in 
Jefferson area. Will Abstracts Book 7, 
Tax Record of District 15 & 16 for 1836, 
1837, and 1849 $5.00 + $1.00 postage 

PUBLICATION 24: History of Medicine in Rutherford Co. 

$6.00 + $1.00 postage 

PUBLICATION 24: Legends and Stories of Civil War in 

Rutherford County $5.00 + $1.00 postage 

History of Versaille s (southwestern Rutherford Co.) in 

hard cover (some families included are: Adcock, Brown, 
Burns, Carlton, Covington, Crick, Dyer, Farris, Garrett, 
Gillespie, Hendrix, Ivey, Jackson, Jones, Lamb, 
Lawrence, Leathers, Lowe, Manier, Maxwell, McGee, Morris, 
Nance, Pinkerton, Opoe, Powers, Puckett, Ray, Ralston, 
Rice, Rutledge, Sharver, Smotherman, Tabor, Taylor, 
Whitehead, Williams Windrow, Winsett) 

$9.00 + $2.00 postage 

History of Rutherford County by C. C. Sims (pub. 1947) 

Reprint $12.00 + $2.00 postage 

History of Rutherford County by Mrs. Mabel Pittard 

$12.50 + $2.00 postage 

1840 Rutherford County Census with Index 

$5.00 + $1.00 postage 

Deed Abstracts of Rutherford Co. 1803-1810 

$10.00 + $1.00 postage 

GRIFFITH : Illustrated' bi-centennial publication 

$2.00 + $1.00 postage 

CEMETERY RECORDS OF RUTHERFORD COUNTY : Vol . 1 Northwestern 

third of county and part of Wilson and Davidson counties, 
256 cemeteries with index and maps $10.00 + $1.00 postage 
Vol . 2 Eastern third of Rutherford and the western part 
of Cannon Co., 241 cemeteries with index maps 

$10.00 + $1.00 postage 
Vol . 3 Southwestern third of Rutherford Co., 193 
cemeteries with index and maps $10.00 + $1.00 postage 

Available from : William W. Walkup, 202 Ridley St., Smyrna, 
TN 37167 1878 Rutherford County Map, shows land owners 

$3.50 + $1.00 postage 

Available from : Mrs. R. A. Ragland, P. 0. Box 544, 

Murf reesboro, TN 37130 Marriage Record of Rutherford 
Co. 1851-1872 $10.00 + $1.00 postage 

Note Cards : Box of twelve with six different designs of 
covers for our publications by Jim Matheny 

$3.00 + .50C postage 



Table of Contents 



A Yankee in Rutherford County 

By Mabel Pittard page 1 



From Helen Hunt Morgan to John Crowe 
Ransom, Organized Literary Interest 
Expressed by the Women of Murfressboro 

by Julie A. Adams page 47 



Charles Ready Sr. 

By Ray Stacey page 75 



Mt . Olivet and Hoovers Gap Methodist 

By Mrs. Margaret Powell page 86 



My Years at Linebaugh Library 1947-1962 

by Myla Taylor Parsons page 101 



Index 

by Katherine Haynes Walkup page 119 




Daniel C. Miller 



A YANKEE IN RUTHERFORD COUNTY 



by Mabel Pittard 












Foreword 



Several years ago my husband. Homer Pittard, dis- 
covered the above carving on a large boulder along Stones 
River near the present-day Stones River Country Club. 
Through official records he was able to locate descendants 
of Daniel C. Miller. These relatives gave him information 
concerning this young Union soldier who had left his name 
carved with a scroll-like effect on an over-hanging cliff 
along Rutherford County's main stream. These relatives 
made available to Dr. Pittard some thirty letters written 
in German which Miller had sent to his family in Ohio 
during the one and one-half years that he was assigned 
to guard duty at Fortress Rosecrans. Ortrun Gilbert of 
Middle Tennessee State University translated 'these letters 



into English for Dr. Pittard. It is hoped that members 
of the Rutherford County Historical Society and others 
will find these letters to be of interest. 



A YANKEE IN RUTHERFORD COUNTY 

On the cold night of January 3, 1863, General Braxton 
Bragg and his Army of Tennessee headed south from 
Murf reesboro, Tennessee to take up winter quarters at 
Tullahoma, Winchester, Shelbyville, and other towns in 
that vicinity. This retreat on the part of Bragg and his 
army was interpreted by the opposing Union general, William 
Starke Rosecrans, as a victory for the Federal forces in 
the two-day Battle of Stones River which ended on 
January 2, 1863. 

Rosecrans and his army were to remain in and near 
Murfreesboro for almost six months during which time he 
reorganized his army and allowed their wounds to heal. 
Like other generals before him, Rosecrans was faced with 
the problem of keeping his men occupied and in good 
physical condition during this period of inactivity and 
rest. This problem, in part, accounted for Rosecrans' 
decision to erect a hugh fortress just to the southwest 
of Murfreesboro that would serve as a supply depot for 
the coming operations that lay ahead for the Federal 
troops as they penetrated deeper and deeper into southern 
territory. 

The Army of the Cumberland was 215 miles away from its 
main supply base in Louisville, Kentucky and was dependent 



upon the Louisville and Nashville railroad line for 
military rations and supplies. Enemy raiders and flash 
floods could easily disrupt this line of supplies, and 
Rosecrans, who was planning a forward movement toward 
Chattanooga in late spring of 1863, realized the value 
of fortifying Murfreesboro and establishing a depot in 
that Middle Tennessee town. Also, Murfreesboro, if well- 
fortified and stockpiled with supplies, would serve as a 
good point to fall back on in the event the Army of the 
Cumberland was forced to retreat. 

The design and location for the fortress, later to 
become known as Fortress Rosecrans, was assigned to the 
chief engineer of Rosecrans' army. Captain James St. Clair 
Morton. The site chosen by Morton surrounded the 
Nashville and Chattanooga railroad bridge over Stones 
River and enclosed an area of approximately 200 acres. 

The Pioneer Brigade, a brigade of engineers who 
specialized in the construction of fortifications and 
railroads, performed the duties of supervising the crews 
assigned to building block-houses, magazines, railroad 
spurs, saw mills, grist mills, and commissionary buildings. 

By mid-April of 1863 the fortress was almost 
completed and had been stockpiled with huge stores of food 
substances and forage. Also, by this time Rosecrans and his 



staff were making plans to march on the Army of Tennessee which by June 
would be in retreat toward Chattanooga. 

By the time Rosecrans and his army had left 
Murf reesboro. Fortress Rosecrans had received a garrison of 
some 2,500 men. These soldiers were for the most part 
convalescents, thus freeing able-bodied men to be sent to 
the front. However, m.any of these soldiers were unfit for 
duty and soon it becamie evident that other troops 
were needed to help garrison the fortress. Among such 
troops sent to Murfreesboro to help man the depot was the 
115th Ohio Voluntary Infantry, a unit that after its 
organization had seen no combat but had been used solely 
for guard duty at prison camps and supply depots. One of 
the members of this 115th Ohio Voluntary Infantry, Company B, 
was Daniel C. Miller a 23 year-old German immigrant who had 
come to the United States at the age of 19. 

Daniel C. Miller was born in Germany in 1838 and 
came to the United States in 1857. His parents settled 
in Cleveland, Ohio and their German name of Meuller was 
changed to the American version. Miller. At the outbreak 
of the Civil War Daniel was employed as a marble cutter 
with a monument company in Cleveland. Official records 
indicate that Miller was mustered into the Union Army 
on August 11, 1862. His regiment was organized at Camp 



Massillon, Ohio. On the fourth of October, 1862 the 
regiment reported to Ma jor-General Wright at Cincinnati. 
On the ninth of October, 1862, Company B of the 115th 
Ohio Voluntary Infantry was sent to Camp Chase to perform 
guard duties. It remained at this prison camp until 
November of 1862 at which time it was ordered to Maysville, 
Kentucky and placed under the command of Colonel Lucy. In 
December of 1862 the batallion was ordered to Covington, 
Kentucky where it performed provost duty until October of 
1863 at which time it was ordered to Murf reesboro, 
Tennessee and stationed in blockhouses along the Nashville 
and Chattanooga railroad with orders to prevent guerillas 
from destroying the rail line. Miller remained in Ruther- 
ford County for the remainder of the Civil War and with 
the defeat of the Confederacy and the conclusion of the war, 
he was mustered out of service at Murf reesboro on June 22, 
1865. 

During the one and one-half years while Miller was on 
guard duty at Fortress Rosecrans, he frequently wrote 
letters to his family in Ohio. Dr. Homer Pittard was 
successful in contacting descendants of Daniel C. Miller 
who made these letters available. They give interesting 
insights into the life of a Yankee soldier assigned to 
guard duty at Fortress Rosecrans from October 1863 until 













C 



(oouc9?i^ad, (lJ.,. 



Maroh 13, 1961 



rjincm J/e ^/lat /ne "i^ece^fd^ ol tni^ c/lcce ^/tom f/tat 



Daniel 0, Miller* 



115th. 



enrolled 



as a Corporal 



(it 



Oom/i aoi/f/ "^" 



1862 



^.e^cme^it, €/Uo j^/irifantry ^^^ //,. ^^^^* c/rry, r/^ August, 



-, cii 



'h 



and mcti '>7iu^le'y€d iotto Oie UTidecl t/iatei ie'^'uice ai iiic/i /oot //le /icycccl c/ 



3 years 



-, on. 



//u 



13th, 



September, 1362 



Camp Maaaillon, Ohio 



-da 71^ o/— 

^^, Captain Alexander E, DraTte 



~a 



t 



My. 

%. S^.S^. ^(uUe'»ti'na &^ice't<:. and //tal /if was twenty three ye ars of a pe at 
t he time of h issiknanm e n t in t he— Civ ii Unr; Augiiat 7 7, 7^^-?. He served 
with the_l 1 5tb»-^eg iimn t,-Jl.J/',j:^^_Infan t rv^. in Company "B" . His enlist- 
ment was for a period of three years. He was appointed January 1, 1365; 
He must e red out with the C ompany Jun e 22, 1 365, at Murf reeshoro , Tennessee, 



*Si/(^'u/a/i/ 'Sc/uj^a/ ^>/'^/iffi 



June of 1865. The first such communication was written 

the day before Christmas 1863 and relates how he and 

other members of Company B were assigned to make railroad 

ties. He also tells how he and some of his friends 

obtained turkeys and chickens from a rebel farmer. The 

letter follows: 

24 December 1863 
Murf reesboro, Tenn. 

Dear parents, brothers, and sisters, 

I do not know much news. 36 men from our 
company B went twelve miles toward Nashville to 
make railroad ties 8 ft. long from cedar trees. 
It will probably take us 3 to 4 months because 
they want us to make 16,000 ties like those, but 
they are not pushing us and we are taking our time 
and we have enough to eat. Tomorrow is Xmas day 
and we don't do anything. We have already finished 
1300 of those ties. Monday a week age while we 
went through the woods to our work we saw four 
bushwhackers on horses in front of us but they 
were too far away to shoot at, but since then 3 of 
them have been caught by our Cavalry and will 
probably hang. 

The Christmas day went by quietly and peacefully. 
We didn't have any candy like we did for the last 
two yrs . It rained last night so we v/on ' t get 
much done again today. But tomorrow we will go 
deeper into the forest. Last night we went to a 
rich Rebel farmer who had many chickens and 
turkeys. We asked him for some. He gave us 1 
turkey and 16 chickens. If he hadn't done so 
freely we would have taken them by force. They 
tasted real good. This farmer still has 150 
slaves but every day some flee to enlist. In 
Murfreesboro we have a whole regiment of about 
1300 of such slaves who have escaped from their 
masters . 



with this I will close and wish you a healthy 
and happy New Year 1864, hoping to be with you 
again. Here they have cotton seeds which are 
planted like corn and when it reaches one foot it 
is hoed. 

On January 10, 1864, Miller explained how members of 

his company tried to warm their tents during the bitter 

cold weather. He also relates that he had obtained 

cotton seed from an old barn and mailed some of these 

seeds home to his parents. In the letter he makes an 

effort to explain to his parents how the cotton plants 

grow. 

Murf reesboro, Tenn. 
January 10, 1864 

Dear Parents, brothers, and sisters. 

Received your letter and heard that all of you 
are well, so am I. This time I don't know any 
news except that we have enough to eat, as much 
as we need. Since Christmas we have hardly been 
able to do anything because of rain and snow. 
4 days ago we had 4 inches of snow, which still has 
not disappeared yet. It was rather cold recently 
so that the snow froze again over night and we 
could not do anything because the trees were too 
slick . 

We read this evening in a Canton newspaper, 
that the State of Ohio has written to Washington 
and gotten permission that we receive 25 dollars 
per month which the State of Ohio will give 
voluntarily to its soldiers who are in the war. 
That would be fine and the State of Indiana will 
give its soldiers 20 dollars per month. I think 
Congress will permit it. I believe that the war 
will soon be over because one sees that the people 
at home are more peaceful, they see that as long 
as they rebel at home there cannot be peace. I 



for my part would like to march 15-20 miles per 
day with knap sack and rifle if I could know 
that there will be peace in 4-5 months. Some 
at home can sit a long time in their warm rooms 
and make calendars and we are here like the wild 
Indians in the v\70ods, who don't see anyone for 
weeks except our comrades. We have made our 
tents quite warm, we have ovens under our tents 
covered with big flagstones, so that they get 
almost glowing hot. VJe can sleep warm the whole 
night and get up in the morning without to rub 
an eye . 

With this I want to close, stay well, hope 
to see you soon and speak to you. 

Just one more thing, is it true that they have 
made a fort in the town under Bank Street and 
that there are canons in it? 

The cottonseed I took from an old barn in 
which I found more than 50 bushel, it will rot 
if it does not get to a dry place. There are 
still large fields of it, which have not been 
picked. The plant gets 2-3-4 feet high, when it 
gets ripe it becomes brown like a chestnut. 
There are 10-20-30 seeds on one plant as large 
as an egg. They open when they get ripe, like a 
chestnut. 

In this letter dated January 28, 1864, Miller 

reveals his remedy for a cold. Near the end of the same 

letter, in very poetic language, he expresses his desire 

for peace. 

Murf reesboro, Tenn. 
January 28, 1864 

Dear brother-in-law and sister, 

I received your letter tonight, well and 
with joy, and learned that you all are healthy and 
well which I like to hear only that Fritz is sick 
for so long is bad and I wish he will get better 
soon. As far as I can tell, I am still o.k. and 



have been that way as long as I have been in the 
U. S. Army. I only had a cold for three days. 
I couldn't speak for 2 days and had to drive 
everything away v/ith red pepper and vinegar, since 
then I have been fine. I wish the same to you 
all. There is no news except that we will have 
to wait 6 to 7 weeks until we get our 16,000 ties. 
And we still have enough to eat. We get good 
spring water, the General has told us that we 
should take our tim.e for that which we certainly 
do. One only has to make 10 ties per day. I 
can easily do them in 2-3 hours, then I am free 
for the rest of the day. As we have heard 
definitely we are under a French general with 
the name of Rousseau and belong to the 2nd 
Bridage, 4th Arm.y Corp and the 3rd Division, 4 
Reserve. We also got tonight new in-Field Rifles 
and one old musket which we got in Cincinnati 
we have stored with pleasure in a box. 

We have had over 8-9 days very warm and 
beautiful weather. You can imagine when the wild 
doves are flying and the ants are crawling in 
big masses and the birds are singing their praise 
songs in the morning — that there should be peace 
soon in this country so that the Bluecoats 
cannot destroy all this. VJe have also shot more 
than 50 hares since we are here and when a young 
pig comes to our lines, it will be seized and 
treated like a rebel. With this I would like 
to close hoping that you will receive these few 
lines in as good health as they have left me. 
Write me soon, I have not had a letter for more 
than 3 weeks. You must believe that I am astonished 
at not having heard from home for such a long 
time. Keep well. Many thousand greetings and 
wishes from your loving brother and brother-in-law. 

P.S. Verenell you can send this letter to 
Cleveland if you want to. 

On February 15, 1864 Miller stated that he and one 

of his comrades, Bauhof, had been working on a monument. 

This monument to which he refers is undoubtedly the Hazen 



10 



Brigade Monument which is located on the Stones River 
Battlefield at Murf reesboro, Tennessee. In the same 
letter Miller refers to Hazen when he says, "I can't 
tell yet whether we shall get extra payment for this, 
but the supervisor surgeon told us that General Hazen 
will treat us well." 

The Hazen Brigade Monument, the oldest Civil War 
Monument anywhere in the United States, was erected in 
1863 by members of Colonel William B. Hazen 's Union 
Brigade as a memorial to 55 of their comrades who fell 
during the terrific on-slaught of the Confederates on 
Union troops as they sought refuge in a clump of cedars 
referred to as "Round Forest." 

Since Miller came to Fortress Rosecrans in the late 

fall of 1863, it is very likely that he began carving the 

inscription on the monument in the latter part of that 

year. Miller's experience as a stonecutter in Ohio before 

his enlistment in the Union Army made him a likely choice 

to perform this task. The inscription on the monument 

reads as follows: 

"Hazen 's Brigade to the memory of its soldiers 
who fell at Stones River, December 31, 1862. 
Their faces toward heaven, their feet to the foe 
The blood of one-third of its soldiers 
Twice spilled in Tennessee 
Crimson the battle flag of the Brigade 
And inspires to greater deeds." 



il 




Murf reesboro, Tenn, 
February 15, 1864 



Dear parents, sisters and brothers, 



I received your last letter today at noon 
all right and with much joy, and I read that you 
are still well. I also am well and all right 
and wish the same for you with all my heart. 
There is not much news, only that I and Bauhof are 
working already for 2k days at the monument of 
which I have talked in my previous letters. We 
like this work very much and can work when we 
want to. We start in the morning round 8:00 or 
8:30 and finish at 4 PM or so, I can't tell yet 



12 



whether we shall get extra payment for that, 
but the supervisor surgeon told us that General 
Hazen will treat us well. I could get a vacation 
for 30 days to come home, but I need the $15.20, 
yet if you want me very much to come home, I will 
gladly do it. I would like to come home, for it 
is long ago since I saw you last. I got a letter 
last week fromFuchs. At that time he was still in 
a Camp Division 15 miles from Cincinnati, and 
are already waiting for them to get the order to 
leave. His address is: 

Mr. Sergt. Joseph C. Fox 
Co. H. 2nd Bat. 9th O.V.C. 
Camp Division Ohio 

In a letter dated March 3, 1864 Miller once again 

mentioned that he and C. B. (Bauhof) were working on the 

monument and had become the best of friends. He made 

his first reference to ringmaking, "Mother will be very 

happy because I made her a pretty ring." Miller made 

these rings out of silver coins (usually dimes) by 

hammering out the center and smoothing and flattening out 

the rim. Often he etched orange blossoms on the outer 

rim and sold these rings to soldiers for their brides. At 

times his family mailed him the silver coins when it 

became difficult for him to procure them. In this letter 

he made mention of the increased activity of the Union 

Army as it moved more and more men to the front. 

Murf reesboro, Tenn. 
3 March 1864 

Dear Parents and brothers and sisters, 

I received your last letter at noon today and 
was overjoyed to hear that you are all v;ell. I 
can say the same about me. I have no news as of 
now but I think something is up. Because every 



13 



railroad train which comes by here is loaded with 
soldiers and freight to be transported to the Army 
at the front line. 

I do not know when I will be able to come 
home, because I have to wait til some others com.e 
back who started leave on Friday (30 days) . At 
the beginning of next month you may expect me. 
Mother will be very happy because I made her a 
pretty ring, and for you Verne 11 I have a crest 
pin and for you father I have a Rebel shell or a 
big cannon ball that I found on the battlefield, 
and for you sister something too. 

Last Saturday we got paid for two months. 
I was thinking about sending you some of it which 
I don't need until I am with you. But maybe we 
will get paid again before I leave here. 

I and C. B. are working together on a monument 
and we are the best of friends together. I have 
worked already five days and Christie four days. 

Now I will close these few lines with the hope 
that this letter v;ill arrive there and find you in 
as good health as it left me. Many greetings and 
wishes from your loving son and brother. 

In the following letter dated March 22, 1864 

Miller described a trip that he had made to Nashville with 

supply wagons. He described the city and the heavy 

fortifications that surrounded the state Capitol. 

Murf reesboro, Tenn. 
March 22, 1864 

Dear parents, brothers, and sisters. 

Our captain said that none will be able to 
go home until the sick and wounded are gone home 
from the hospitals. These orders are supposed 
to come from the General, but it should not be 
long until we can come home and I will be one of 
the first. So be patient, for a short time, it 



14 



will all be good in the end. I send you here 10 
dollars. Perhaps we get paid next week. Other- 
wise no news. I heard from Caspar Fuchs , they 
were in Nashville, 30 miles north from here. 
He thought that they would come by here, but 
has not been here yet. Last week I was in 
Nashville, hoping to find him there, but there 
are too many troops. I could not find him. I 
think they have gone another direction. I went 
to Nashville with 100 wagons, each wagon had 6 
donkeys in front, it didn't cost me a cent. 
(Nashville is quite a big town and the streets 
are narrow and beside the town runs the big 
Cumberland River and across this river about 
60-70 feet high goes a bridge, like the one in 
Cleveland, but tv;ice as long and the railroad 
goes over it. The town hall stands on a big 
hill. In the m.iddle of the town, around this big 
building they have built brick walls with 5 big 
cannons inside. Around this whole town they dug 
a deep ditch. With this I must close, hope all 
are fine. When I come home I will tell m.ore. 

Love from your son and brother 

In this letter dated April 7, 1864 Miller stated 

that thousands of reinforcements were daily passing 

through Murfreesboro on their way south. He said, 

"Today again 6 thousand new soldiers from Indian a came, 

they too are going farther to the south, will only be 

here 1-2 days." He mentioned again his work on the 

m.onument and said, "But we cannot do much work because 

of the spring rains." 

Murfreesboro, Tenn. 
April 7, 1864 

Dear parents, brothers and sisters. 

Each day there passes by 1-4-5 thousand 
soldiers going to the front. Today again 6 thousand 



15 



new soldiers from Indiana came. They too are 
going farther to the south, will only stay here 
1-2 days. I and Bauhof still v/ork on the monument. 
But we cannot do much because of the Spring rain. 
We have about 3-4 days rain each week, but the 
wet season will soon be over and the dry and 
warm days v/ill begin. We heard that we will 
probably stay here all summer long, perhaps also 
the coming winter. We hope that we will soon 
have opportunity to list as veterans, then we 
will be able to come home for 30 days. Write me 
what you think about that the war cannot last a 
whole year, as the rebels say themselves. 

You say that you would like to buy us a 
lot more. I think so too and want to do my best 
for you. According to the newspaper we get from 
you we will get 15 dollars per month, which would 
be fine, yet I cannot see it, but hope it. 

I wonder where Fuchs is now, I have not 
gotten any letter from him since they were in 
Nashville. Has he written to you where he is 
now? I can read your writing well. I want to 
send you a ring as payment. We still have enough 
to eat and drink. Since Feb. 19th I have worked 
14^ days on the monument. Otherwise we have 
nothing to do. We have very good times. Last 
week I weighed 166 pounds. Hope all are fine, 
greetings and best wishes. 

Your son and brother 

In the following letter dated April 19, 1864 Miller 

noted that the big Army of the Cumberland was moving out 

of Murfreesboro and moving south and said, "We expect 

to hear about a great battle." He told his parents that 

he did not plan to re-enlist, "for I have no more than 

16 months to serve and these are long enough." He also 

stated that they were still working on the monument. 



16 



Murf reesboro, Tenn. 
April 19, 1864 

Dear parents, brothers, and sisters. 

Last Sunday night at 9 o'clock 30 rebels 
came close to our outposts, but they disappeared 
soon. From our regiment, from Company PC, 3 5 
got on their horses but they didn't find them 
because the rebels were also on horses. 

We also expect to hear about a great battle, 
because the large Cumberland Army is moving 
further into the South. Also two long railroad 
trains came by last Friday filled with planks, 
moving toward the army. This answers that some- 
thing is going to happen. I decided not to 
re-enlist, for I have no more than 16 months to 
serve and these are long enough. If they pass as 
fast as the 18 past ones, I will be glad. We 
still work on the monument. The silken cord 
pleases me very much, it is long enough. I have 
exchanged my old watch which I bought from Rudolf 
for $11.00 for another watch, for which I could 
get 20 dollars. But below $25 I will not give 
it away. I payed $14.00 for it. I hope that we 
get paid next week again, then I will try to send 
home $20. I have not gotten father's letter yet, 
I would like to get a letter from Father. I have 
not gotten a letter from Fuchs, since he was in 
Nashville. I won't write him until I get a 
letter from him. I got a letter from Rudolf, 
they are all well. There are still passing by so 
many soldiers, going South to the front. Also a 
reQiment of Negroes came by last week. They are 
so proud to carry a rifle, most of them have 
been slaves. 

Greetings 

In a letter written on May 21, 1864, Miller told 

how he and Bauhof did not feel like working on the 

monument and took a walk through the woods "in a part of 

the woods where a part of one of the hottest battles was 

fought (Stones River)." 



17 



Dear Parents, 

Your last and first letter I received in 
good health and was glad to know that you were 
well too. I do not know much news this time, 
only that we will probably stay here all summer 
because there are a lot of bushwhackers in this 
area. Last week nineteen of our Company R went 
12 miles through the wilderness after those 
bushwhackers. They met up with them in a little 
village called Shelbyville. We killed two Rebels 
and took 2 donkeys and 1 horse. We lost one of 
our good men who was shot through the heart, he 
died after 15 hours. We shipped him home to 
his home eight miles from Canton. He was the first 
one we lost because of the Rebels. Three weeks 
ago Bauhof and I were at the monument which is 1^ 
miles away from our outpost but we didn't feel 
much like working on it that morning. So we walked 
five miles through the woods until we reached a 
road then back again to our camp. We didn't 
carry any rifles or pistols with us, only our 
lunch. The bushwhackers sure could have caught 
us, but we didn't see any. And we were in a 
part of the woods where a part of one of the 
hottest battles was fought. But we are getting 
used to all this shooting. 

Please write again soon. I can read your 
letters well but do not forget to sign them. 
Here are ten dollars. Farewell til we see each 
other again. When we do we will drink several 
glasses of beer again. 

In a short letter dated June 4, 1864, Miller told 

his parents that "60 men of each company will go to the 

railroad between here (Murf reesboro) and Nashville to 

guard it. " 



June 4, 1864 



Dear parents. 



There are many news, but I have not time to 
tell them all, for this Sunday morning 60 of each 



company will go to the railroad between here and 
Nashville to guard it. I don't know where our 
company is supposed to go. But I think we will 
get to the place where we made railroad ties 
last summer. I believe that it will soon be over 
and the time will come when we can go home. The 
33rd Indiana Regiment is at this fortress and 
depot from Murfreesboro to Nashville. I also 
think that it is time it is almost over. 

With this I will close .... 

Miller's June 28, 1864 letter revealed that he and 

30 of the men in his company were sent to Stockade #6 

at Stewart' Creek to guard the railroad bridge. He 

mentioned that his company was eating well, having had 

strawberries, blackberries, apple pie, biscuits, and 

fish. "Our Lieutenant," he said, "borrowed a net from a 

farmer for as long as we want. We catch enough fish for 

all 30 men almost every day." He stated further, "We 

live like Lords here--are getting fat." 

Murfreesboro, Tenn. 
June 28, 1864 

Dear parents, brothers and sister. 

Received your last letter and was so happy to 
receive it and was glad to hear that you are all 
well and I am happy to say that I am well. Every- 
thing seems to be going well at the front. Today 
it is 2k weeks since I left Murfreesboro where 
we were to watch a railroad and a railroad bridge 
at Stewart's Creek. We are in a block house or 
stockade. It is a place where the cannon balls 
can't do any harm. We are in the shade. I only 
have guard duty every three or four days. You 
will be surprised to know that the strawberry 



19 



season is already three weeks past--also the 
blackberries are all gone and some apples are 
ripe. We make apple sauce, pie and biscuits 
and we always have something green. Also we have 
fish. Our lieutenant borrov/ed a net from a 
farmer for as long as we want. We catch enough 
fish for all 30 men almost every day. The weather 
is very beautiful here. The farmers are already 
harvesting. In another letter I will send you a 
drawing of our house. I want you to save the 
drawings. I haven't received a letter yet from 
my brother Jacob. I would love to hear from him. 
William has already written two or three letters 
to Bauhof--he says they are having a bad time in 
Camp Chase, that they have to be on guard duty 
every other night and have to drill so often. 
We live like Lords here--are getting fat. Casper 
Puchs owes me a let.ter and I will not write until 
he writes me first. With this I wish to close. 
Your loving sOn, D. C. Miller 

Co. B. 115th 0. V. I. Regt. 
Stockade #6 near Murf reesboro, 
Tenn. 

July 12, 1864 found Miller and his comrades still at 

Stockade #6 at Stewart's Creek. He related how he and 

his fellow soldiers celebrated July 4, "Our Lieutenant 

bought us a barrel of beer which cost him. 28 dollars. He 

is a real nice young man." He made reference to another 

pastime of his — that of making canes out of cedar. "I 

am making a cane now, but instead of putting a snake 

design on top I am putting a grapevine on it." He 

mentioned making rings and selling them for 50 cents each, 

On these rings he carved two hearts and a star. He said. 



20 



"I have only ten cents in silver. Whenever you get a 

3 or 5 cent coin send it to me to use." 

12 July 1864 
N Stockade #6 

Dear parents, brother and sister. 

Same greetings as before. Health, happiness, 
etc. I would have written you 3 days ago but we 
were waiting for the Paymaster every hour. He 
just came and we got paid. This time I will 
send you ten dollars, and ten dollars in my' next 
letter. Week before last I received a letter 
from my brother Jacob which I answered right away, 
but I didn't know if he got the letter. Not much 
news here. I am making a cane now, but instead 
of putting a snake design on top I am putting a 
grapevine on it with leaves and grapes. It will 
be the prettiest one ever made in our Regiment. 
I have worked on it almost a week now. I will 
send it to Canton. There are 5 or 6 men working 
on cane like this. We will make a little box 
for mailing all of them which wouldn't cost us 
much. I had a good time the 4th of July with 
all the others. Our Lieutenant bought us a 
barrel of good beer which cost him 28 dollars. 
He is a real nice young man. We can tell him 
what we want and do what we want to. He goes 
swimming in the creek with all of us. We have 
very good well water about 300 feet away. I 
will close with these few lines. Greetings and 
wishes from your loving son. 

I have to make four or more rings for 50 
cents each and I have only ten cents in silver. 
I will put on two hearts and a star. Whenever 
you get a 3 or 5 cent coin send it to me to use. 

On July 20, 1864 Miller wrote to his brother Jacob 

who was stationed as a guard at Camp Chase near Cincinnati, 

"Dear brother, I wish that you could be with me, we are 

having it good. We 40 men have hired two black women to 



21 



cook for us for 7-8 dollars a month." He further stated, 
"I am busy making rings--! already made seven for three 
dollars and a half and have four on hand to make for a 
half a dollar each." He remarked that the cedar cane 
with the grapevine design was almost ready. 



Murf reesboro, Tenn. 
July 20, 1864 



Dear Brother, 



Peceived your letter last evening and see 
that you are well, for which I am glad and I too 
can say that with God's help I am well. I don't 
know anything new to write this time, only that 
last night we caught a lot of fish with our net. 
Our Lieutenant bought it for us for $2.00. We 
were saddened last week when we heard that our 
Col., 2 Captains and 4 Lieutenants of our regiment 
were let out because they didn't pass the exams 
as well as some others. It hit our second Lt. 
who is in command here. He is going home happy 
and says that he will go to the 3rd Battery 
where he had formerly been 9 months. Dear brother, 
I wish that you could be with me, we are having 
it good. We 40 men have hired two black women 
to cook for us for 7-8 dollars a month. We are 
divided in two messes. I am very busy making 
rings--! already made seven for three dollars 
and a half and have four on hand to make for 
half dollar each. I am also making a cane again 
out of Cedar wood--instead of a snake design ! 
am making a grapevine--it is almost ready. ! 
wouldn't sell it for $8,00. The days are going 
by like an hour--! have one year yet from the 
18th of Sept. to serve. I think this year will 
pass as quickly as the others. With these few 
lines ! will come to an end and hope this finds 
you well and that we will meet again at home 
soon, if God wills it. Your loving brother, 

D. C. Miller 



22 



In this letter dated July 24, 1864 Miller stated that 

they were building another stockade closer to the railroad 

bridge. The first one was 300 yards away from the bridge 

and the new one would be 60 yards away. He related that 

20 men were sent there to build the new stockade. He 

said, "We sleep the whole night and stand no guard, and I 

am glad of that." His concern for a younger brother 

who was contemplating enlistment was evident when he said, 

"I think it hurts parents to lose three sons at once." 

Murf reesboro, Tenn. 
24 July 1864 

Dear parents, brothers, and sisters, 

I got your letter this evening and am happy 
to hear that you are all in good health. We had 
to leave our Log House because it was about 
300 yards away from the railroad bridge. Now 
we are going to build another one about 60 yards 
from the bridge which is octagonal in shape. 
We have about 2 men here who will build the new 
house and we have a much better time here. We 
work from 5 to 7 and then eat our breakfast, then 
from 7:30 til 9:00 we have a rest period and work 
again slowly in the evening. It should keep us 
busy about 5 or 6 months. We sleep the whole 
night and stand no guard, and I am glad of that. 

I think it hurts the parents to lose three 
sons at once. That is about all the news for 
now except that the pears are ripe now. 1000 
greetings from your loving son and brother. 

Here are still $10.50 for your daughter 
Vernell. Thanks many times for the silver. I 
have enough of it now. If you see Fred Smith 
sometime tell him to send me a letter again about 
his health and all the news. Greetings to him 
also. 



23 



In a July 25, 1864 letter to his brother Jacob, 
Miller expressed his pleasure that Jacob had left Camp 
Chase and was now at Covington either guarding forts or 
the city. He again said to his brother, "I wish that you 
were here. You would have a better time with us." 
Daniel Miller described the stockade in v/hich he and 29 
other Union men were living and guarding the railroad. 
He concluded by saying, "We live like gentlemen from 
Cincinnati." He mentioned the apples, plums, cherries, 
potatoes, and strawberries that he and his comrades had 
been enjoying. 



Stockade near Murfreesboro 
July 25, 1864 



Dear brother. 



Glad to have received your letter and am 
glad to know that we are both well. Also happy 
to hear that you are in Covinton where life is 
much easier than at Camp Chase. We too had to do 
a lot of training when I was there, but now we 
live like gentlemen from Cincinnati. Almost 
three weeks now have passed since we left Murfrees- 
boro to guard the railroad and bridges between 
Nashville and Murfreesboro. We are staying in a 
big log house or stockade as they call it here. 
This building is made out of big tree trunks 
which are about 20 to 25 inches thick and 15 
feet high with an 8 ft. deep cistern in the 
center of the building. There are many holes in 
the walls through which to shoot and room enough 
for about 200 men. In my next letter to our 
parents, I will send them a drawing of this 
stockade. I don't believe that you have ever 
seen anything like this. I only have to stand 
guard every 3 or 4 days, but it is not so bad 



24 



because I can sit rather than stand. There are 
30 of us and we have a good 2/Lt. in command. 
I was wondering whether you guard the forts on 
the hill or the city of Covington. If you have 
the time why don't you go to Newport and ask 
where the Cligsendern Pike is. That is where 
we were. There was a drawing in one of the 
magazines here about it. It is about 2 miles 
from the bridge which crosses the Licking River 
between Covington and Newport. You say that it 
is warmer in Kentucky but I believe that it is 
warmer here. Because the apples, plums, cherries, 
potatoes, are all ripe, but the strawberries 
have been gone for 4 or 5 weeks . We have a net 
here and catch fish every other morning for a 
breakfast for 30 men. I v/ish you v/ere here. You 
would have a better time with us. Closing now 
with the hope that these few lines reach you in 
good health, and hoping also that I can talk to 
you in person pretty soon. Nothing new this 
time. May God bring us home safely together again. 
1000 wishes and greetings from your loving brother. 

Daniel C. Miller in a letter to his younger brother 

dated August 10, 1864 said to him, "To come back to your 

enlistment, I would rather let you and our parents decide 

that." However, Daniel remarked that if the younger 

brother decided to enlist that perhaps he might be able 

to join the Company B Regiment to which Daniel belonged. 

Daniel mentioned the scarcity of newspapers since 

Generals Grant and Sherman had forbidden that any news 

or newspapers should get out beyond the lines of 

Kentucky. He again mentioned the good life with 

peaches and watermelons and a rebel pig to alter the 



25 



Murf reesboro, Tenn, 
August 10, 1864 



Dearly beloved brother. 



Again I was glad to hear that you are well. 
I too can say with God's help that I am well. 
News is very rare here at the moment, because 
v/e have not received a newspaper for over a week 
because the Generals Grant and Sherman have 
forbidden that any news or newspapers should get 
out beyond the lines of Kentucky. So that when 
our troops make another move the Rebels will 
not know it as fast as our old Abraham Lincoln. 
Today we received the first newspaper again but 
without much news in it. We still have a good 
life and even better now because peaches and 
watermelons are ripe besides that we caught a 
Rebel pig that helped to alter our menu. To 
come back to your enlistment I had rather let you 
and our parents decide that. I believe our 
company is filled up now, but I will check again 
with our Lieutenant or orderly and will let you 
know in my next letter. I believe that you will 
be able to get into our Regiment, but I would not 
advise you to get into another. 

There is one other thing I want to ask you, 
William Akerman told some days ago to Christie in 
his letter that he was busy for two days carrying 
dead soldiers off of the battlefield, but I cannot 
believe it because you know he is a liar and a 
put-on. Let me know about it in your next 
letter. Please be so kind and give this address 
to Mortimer Manfeld and tell him that James Kanady 
is in Company D, 115th Regiment and that he is 
well, but had been sick for several weeks. 

I am closing with 1000 wishes and greetings, 
your loving brother. 

P.S. Farewell, hope we see each other soon. 
Write soon again. 

Daniel C. Miller's love and concern for his family 

was evidenced by the frequency of the letters which they 



26 



received from him--sometimes three or four a month. In 
this letter dated August 17, 1864 he mentioned his sadness 
in learning that his mother was sick again. He pointed 
out the extreme August heat in the South and said, "I 
walk almost always barefoot, not that I don't have socks 
or shoes, no I have a good pair of shoes and 2 pairs of 
socks." His reference to Sherman in Atlanta indicates 
the successes of the Federal forces in penetrating the 
Southland. Miller said, "We heard that Sherman's army 
is lying still because of the great heat. Near Atlanta 
the temperatures are around 100 degrees." In this same 
letter, Daniel Miller described the intricate work which 
he had put into a picture frame. His sense of humor 
comes forth when Daniel said, "It is a very beautiful 
frame and especially will be when I will be behind it." 
Also, in this letter Miller made a reference to a rumor 
he had heard concerning the loyalty of Mary Todd Lincoln, 
the President's wife. 



Murf reesboro, Tenn. 
August 17, 1864 



Dear parents and sister. 



I received your letter this morning before 
I got up, but I was so sad while reading it. I 
am so sorry that Mother is sick again, but what 
can be done? The Lord knows best, and I hope 
that this letter will meet you feeling as well 



27 



as I am when it left me. Dear parents, there is 
not much news this time. We heard that Sherman's 
army is lying still because of the great heat. 
Near Atlanta the temperatures are around 100 
degrees, here it is also very warm, but I got 
used to it quite well and run around in this 
heat. I walk almost always barefoot, not that I 
don't have socks or shoes, no I have a good pair 
of shoes and 2 pair of socks. I have also made 
6 dollars from rings, since you have sent me the 
silver coins, and this week I have to make 5 
more rings, and one person wants that I shall make 
10 rings for him, so that he can use them as 
Christmas gifts at home. You also and Mother 
shall each get one; for Father I made a traveling 
suit, there is more work on it than on the first. 
I could have gotten $5 for it before it was ready, 
but $10 could not have bought it. I will soon 
have ready the picture frame. It is made thus: 
On top the coat of arms, underneath two cannons, on 
both sides is a rose with 6 leaves. It is a very 
beautiful frame and especially so when I will be 
behind it. 

Dear parents don't believe everything the 
people tell that the 100-days volunteers cannot 
come home when their time is over. The government 
has the power to do this. After their 100 days 
the government has to work 1-2 months before they 
can come home. I also cannot believe that Lincoln 
is such a blockhead that he lets his wife go across 
the border and betray himself. For more than one 
night he is occupied to study how he could make 
an end to this war. Seven days ago I had been 
for 2 years in the army. I think this year will 
be over soon. Otherwise I don't know anymore to 
write. Greetings to Mama and Louise Refer and 
all who ask about me, also Jacob Hirt. Many 
thousand greetings and wishes for better health 
for Mother. I hope that I can see you all as 
well as I have left you. Amen. 

D. C. Miller 

Co. B. 115 Regt. O. V. I 

Murf reesboro, Tenn. 



28 



In this letter of September 9, 1864, Miller gave a 

dramatic account of the Confederate attack on the Stewart's 

Creek blockhouse carried out by General Joseph Wheeler and 

his troops. At the time of the attack, the Union 

soldiers were still in the process of tearing down the 

old stockade which was 300 yards away from the railroad 

and constructing a newer one 60 yards away from the rail 

line. The Union soldiers had just torn down about ^ 

of their old headquarters when the attack occurred. 

Miller along with 30 other Federals was captured and 

taken to Nashville v/here they were held in a "very big 

house that belonged to the Rebel General Zollicof fer . " 

Nashville, Tenn. 
Sept. 9th, 1864 

Dear parents, brothers and sisters, 

I was sorry not to get a letter from you for 
so long. You perhaps heard that the Rebel 
General Wheeler destroyed and burned 30 miles of 
railroad track. 

This Rebel General with 6 or 8,000 men encountered 
us just as we had torn down k of our headquarters, 
because we wanted to use the wood or material 
for our new blockhouse. He came at night and at 
seven in the morning we already shot at his cavalry 
which destroyed and burned the railroad. I fired 
the second shot and I am sure I didn't miss. We 
fought til one o'clock when the Rebel General fired 
twelve pound cannon six times at us, but he only 
hit the blockhouse twice. Since we had lost all 
ground we had to give ourselves up. He burned 
down the blockhouse containing everything that he 
didn't want. He took us with him and let us go 



29 



after forty miles. We did not get anything to eat 
except twice fat bacon or bread. I had two ears 
of corn and an apple besides which were very good 
and I wouldn't have sold them for ten dollars. 
The corn I had stolen from a donkey at night. 
Now there are 31 of us in Nashville in a very big 
house which belonged to the Rebel General 
Zollicaf f er . 

Here now we get enough to eat. Perhaps 
today or tomorrow we go back to our old place. 
The Rebels took us with them 2h days til our 
artillery and infantry were on their heels, then 
they let us go. But the Rebels got beaten up 
pretty much. Black soldiers took from 
them 3 cannon and some 100 soldiers and horses. 
On our way back we met the ninth Ohio Cavalry and 
I met Casper Fox again. They were after Wheeler. 

Will close now and write you a longer letter 
next time. 

In this letter dated September 11, 1864, two days 

after his capture by the Confederates, Miller and his 

comrades were back in Murf reesboro. Again, Miller 

recounted very dramatically the attack on Stockade #6 

and explained that after being held prisoner for two days 

the Yankees let them go. When it became imminent that 

the Union "guards must surrender the blockhouse. Miller 

said that they burned or twisted their rifles so as make 

them useless to the Yankees. In a regretful tone Miller 

related, "We had to leave everything behind--my 

pretty cane and the picture frame I broke in two--I cut 

some of the design off of the cane so that they couldn't 

use it." He concluded by saying, "If the Rebels come 

back later we will show them how Yankees can fight." 



30 



Murf reesboro, Tenn. 
Sept. 11, 1864 



Dear parents, 



Arrived safe and sound in Murfreesboro t'oday. 
We were all in the blockhouse on Aug. 31 when at 
7:00 o'clock we saw about 50 men on horseback 
about k mile behind our house marching to the 
railroad. Then a fellow named Martin Stimmel and 
I went to see what they were doing and saw them 
start to tear up the railroad ties — we each fired 
5 or 6 shots and they left after four or five 
ties were torn up. As we turned to go back to our 
blockhouse their pistol shots rang out and we had 
to jump back. When we got back we saw 6,000 
around our house about 1000 yards, so that we 
couldn't do very much with them. 8 or 10 of us 
went to the railroad bridge which they were trying 
to set afire and we made them jump. Several fell 
and we could see them as they raised their hands 
before they fell. I am sure that I hit one of 
them because as soon as I shot at him, he fell. 
This was about noon--then five men came with a 
white flag and they wanted us to give up the 
blockhouse or they would put a cannon on it-- 
which later did happen. We said we wouldn't give 
it up and they left. In five minutes we saw 
that they had a 12 lb. cannon brought out of the 
woods and they put it behind a little rise where 
we couldn't do anything to them and it was too 
far for our rifles. Then came shell after shell 
over our blockhouse — two of them hit a bean and 
shattered it. They shot at us six times and only 
hit twice — then our Sargeant put up a white flag 
and they quit. You should have seen the Rebels 
coming out of the woods from every angle, but 
didn't fire anymore. They plundered our house and 
we had to stand in ranks. We burned our rifles 
(or twisted) so that they couldn<''t use them. 
They made us go with them for two days and two 
nights about 40-50 miles. Then they let us go — 
we had to leave everything behind — my pretty cane, 
and the picture frame I broke in two — I cut some 
of the design off of the cane so they couldn't 



31 



use it. When we were 1 1/3 miles away from the 
blockhouse we could see the smoke as they burned 
it down and they had hacked down the railroad 

bridge If they would have arrived 

one day later, they could have taken us with one 
cannon shot. The log house v/here the other 3 
men were was shot into twice, and from these 30 
men there were 3 dead and 8 or 10 wounded. If 
we would have had an officer there instead of a 
sergeant there would have been more dead. The 
battle really went hot there. We are all very 
happy that v/e are back here again. If the 
Rebels come back later we will show them how 
Yankees can fight. They held back their Cavalry 
until the big dog which is a big cannon was used 
on us. We were very hungry on our trip but I 
made it well. I had to laugh when the others 
showed long faces and talked bad. They kept us 
in a house in Nashville and we walked back to our 
regiment in Murfreesboro some 30 miles away. 

The trauma which Miller experienced during his 

capture is still evident in this letter dated September 18, 

1864. He said, "I am thankful to God who has kept me 

well and kept the fiery bullets of the enemy away from me." 

He described the joyful reception which awaited him upon 

his return to Murfreesboro and his regiment. He further 

said, "That Rebel VJheeler got licked good after he let 

us go." Here he was referring to Wheeler's raid into 

Kentucky following the attack on blockhouse #6. 

Hurrah for Old Abe and Old Andy 
Murfreesboro, Tenn. 
Sept. 18, 1864 

Dear Parents and sister, 

Your letter was received ten minutes ago 
and was joyfully received. I see you are all well 



32 



and I am thankful to God who has kept me well 

and kept the fiery bullets of the enemy away 

from me. On the 11th we again arrived safely 

with our regiment in Murf reesboro. They were 

glad to see us because they didn't know that the 

Rebel Gen. Wheeler had let us go and that we had 

arrived in Nashville, when our Captain saw us he 

began to laugh and said, "Hello, what does all 

this honor to my boys mean?" He was so happy 

he could hardly talk for laughing. He is a good 

man. We had to leave everything when the Rebs 

came, except what we had on. I still have my 

watch — I could have sold it for $22.00 but I 

will not do so under 25.00 or $28.00. We don't 

have to pay for the clothes we lost and have 

already received new ones. I don't have the 

cane and frame anymore either — when the Reb 

came it was broken, but I have another made just 

about like the other was. I haven't forgotten 

the rings I promised you. I don't know if we 

will be paid this time since we were taken prisoner-- 

since the pay papers are sent in ahead and we were 

not here to sign. The next time we will get 

that much more. But if you need money, I can 

borrow some and pay it back. Write me. I am 

glad that Jacob is working in Canton--he is 

better off than in the Army. He doesn't have to 

kill himself and is free as the birds which we 

aren't. The Rebel Wheeler got licked good after 

he had let us go — I don't think he can bring 

many out of Tenn. with him. With this I will 

close and hope that these few lines will reach 

you in good health. With a thousand greetings. 

Your loving son, D. C. Miller. Co. B. 115th Regt. 

0. V. I., Murf reesboro, Tenn. 

The fall of 1864 brought increased activities to 

Tennessee from the standpoint of both Union and Confederate 

armies. General W. T. Sherman ordered 30,000 men to 

General Thomas at Nashville on the chance that General 

John B. Hood, Confederate commander, would attempt to 

invade Tennessee. The Confederate general, Nathan Bedford 

Forrest, stepped up his raids in Tennessee destroying 



33 



railroad tracks, blockhouses, bridges, and telegraph lines. 

In the next three or four letters Miller makes reference 

to many of the incidents that took place in Tennessee 

during the last few months of the Civil War. In his 

letter of September 28, 1864 he is at Stockade #10 on 

the Nashville and Chattanooga Railroad. In this letter he 

made an appeal to his father. "If you love freedom, vote 

again for our old Abraham Lincoln. He is the man for our 

land. Hurrah for Old Abe." 

Stockade #10 Tenn. on N. & C. RR 
Sept. 28, 1864 

Dear parents. 

Received your last letter and am glad to 
hear that you are all well. I too am well. 
Nothing new except that the Rebel General Forrest 
was around here and where he is now we can't say — 
for ten days the railroad has not been running. 
Our fifty men went on the first train to Tullahoma. 
The night before when we were already in Murfrees- 
boro by the depot, we received notification that 
the railroad had been torn up and the telegraph 
had been cut 27 mi. from Murf reesboro. The next 
morning at half past five we went on the train as 
guards and the Rebels had gotten to the place an 
hour before and had torn it up. The Negroes were 
busy at it and trying to fix it up so we could 
pass. Now 15 of our company are 23 miles from 
M'boro at Stockade #10. How long we will be here 
I can't tell you. We have it real good here. 
Tuesday we butchered a one year old calf which 
came too near us — it was nice and fat. Today we 
ate the last of it. Dear sister, I want to make 
you some rings when I get the time and send them 
home with the cane. Our Lieutenant says we 
probably will be mustered out in Cleveland and 
that will be a little over ten months. Dear 



34 



father, if you love freedom, vote again for our 
old Abraham Lincoln. He is the man for our land. 
Hurrah for Old Abe. With that I will close. Lots 
of greetings until we see each other soon. Your 
loving son, D. C. Miller. 

P. S. We haven't been paid yet--but it shouldn't 
be long. 

In Miller's letter of November 18, 1864 he had been 

sent to a blockhouse in Christiana, Tenn. The election 

was over and he remarked, "The voting went off well here. 

We thought that the Rebs would bother us, but they 

didn't." Miller rejoiced at the election of Old Abe and 

had this to say, "Our old Abe was voted in again for the 

next four years — now the War will soon be over--the Rebs 

themselves say they can't stand it." 

Murf reesboro, Tenn. 
Nov. 18, 1864 

Dear mother, sister Kamerad and worthy friend. 

Received your letter and was glad to hear 
all are well. VJith God's blessing and help I too, 
am well. As soon as I saw the letter I realized 
it was Caspar Fuch ' s handwriting and I wondered if 
he was in Cleveland, Tenn. or Ohio. If only I 
could be with you we would both have a nice time. 

Dear Friend, I don't know if I will be here 
because our Co. those that were left, day before 
yesterday — half went to Christiana, nine miles 
from here — the others to Fosterville where I am 
going in five or six days — it is also on this 
railroad to Chattanooga. If you come to Christiana, 
ask after me. I was glad to hear that my father 
went to Canton, I believe he went once before. 
I think this week I will send two canes and a 
picture frame home. The voting went off well here. 



35 



We thought the Rebs v;ould bother us, but they 
didn't. It was about 100 miles from here, three 
of our boys were several miles in the country to 
find some U. S. horses, when they were attacked 
by this band--one of them got away on his horse, 
but the bullets flew and buzzed like bees in a 
basket. He made it safely to camp and reported 
it at once. Then 80 men from Co. K. went after 
the Rebs and took a Captain, a Lieutenant and 
four men, besides our two boys. These Rebels 
belonged to Rebel Gen. Wheeler's Command — they 
were at home on furlough before they were taken 
prisoner--one of them I knew. I believe if this 
one had not received word, all three v;ould have 
been hung or taken to Dixie. Our Old Abe was 
voted in again for the next 4 years — now the War 
will soon be over--the Rebs themselves say they 
can't stand it. With a thousand greetings and 
wishes, Daniel C. Miller 

Miller's letter of January 3, 1865 stated "for over 

four weeks we didn't receive any letters or newspapers 

because the Rebels were between our blockhouse and 

Murf reesboro . We have only a little news but it is good 

news, because the Rebels were badly beaten at Nashville, 

Franklin, and Murf reesboro. " He mentioned that 195 of 

his regiment who were in a blockhouse between Murfreesboro 

and Nashville were captured. He further said, "The Rebels 

desert by the hundreds every day and they say that the 

South would be better off to give up because they do not 

have a chance . " 



Christiana, Tenn, 
January 3, 1865 



Dear parents and sister. 



Your two letters I received last night. For 
over four weeks we didn't receive any letters or 



36 



newspapers because the Rebels were between our 
blockhouse and Murf reesboro. I am still well and 
hope you are too. We have only a little news but 
it is good news, because the Rebels were badly 
beaten at Nashville, Murf reesboro, and Franklin 
and are now on their retreat to the Tennessee 
River where they got beaten again. The Rebels 
desert by the hundreds every day and they say that 
the South would be better off to give up because 
they do not have a chance. When the battle of 
Franklin began which is about 27 miles from 
Nashville and 15 miles from Murfreesboro we 
received an order that our forty men were to go 
to the blockhouse #16 which is 41 miles from 
Murfreesboro to wait out the year there. On the 
first of January we returned to Christiana which is 
11 miles from Murfreesboro. We have it nice 
here. Every five days I am on guard for four 
hours. We do not know how long we have to stay 
here. We were not involved in any battles, but 
our Captain and part of our Regiment was captured 
by the Rebels. 195 of our Regiment who were in 
the blockhouse between Kurf reesboro and Nashville 
including some dead and some wounded ones were 
also captured by the Rebels. Our Captain with 
70 men who were in a little fort near Lavergne 
had to give up after a five hour battle. 

Our Captain had been ill for four months 
and it is going to be hard on him. Casper Fuch 
was with me when the battle began at Franklin. 
He told me all about you. Yarn is short here 
too. Sometimes you have to walk ten or twenty 
miles before you see a sheep. The pound (v70ol) 
costs over two dollars and it is hard to get. 
I am thinking about sending my coats home in the 
spring with my overcoat. If my Captain hadn't 
been captured, I would have received a furlough. 
With these few lines I will close hoping that 
they find you well as they have left me. I 
wish all of you a happy new year and good health. 
Write again soon and farewell. 

On January 18, 1865, Daniel C. Miller was still at 

Christiana, Tennessee. Of the plight of the South he 



37 



said, "Our Rebel Hood is far into the State of Georgia. 

Our cavalry is always on his back." He mentioned that he 

was now making ax handles which he sold for 50 cents each.' 

He also said, "We have enough to eat as long as we have 

the chance to visit the Rebels on their large farms. They 

don't have negroes anymore — they are all working for 

Uncle Sam in the woods, cutting wood for the railroad." 

Christiana, Tenn. 
January 18th, 1865 

Dear parents. 

Received your letter and was pleased to note 
that you are all well. I also received a letter 
yesterday from Elizabeth and Jacob. There are a 
lot of news but I cannot write everything. Our 
Rebel General Hood is far into the State of Georgia. 
Our Cavalry is always on his back, he can't be still 
for a day's rest. It will not be long before the 
States of Georgia and Alabama are back in the Union 
because they are tired of fighting and are 
hungry. Today we heard that a large important 
Fort was taken by us — this is something big because 
this fort and the city of Wilmington which also 
will be taken in a few days, is the key to Richmond. 
I think I have written you that we are in a new 
place again — 10^ miles south of Murf reesboro. A 
real nice place. Every five days I get 4-hour 
watch. For that I need only a little wood to cook 
with. Yesterday someone named Sexauer and I made 
ax handles — we get 40 to 50<; a piece — we have 
already made 8. We could make 8-12 a day. We 
still have enough to eat. Yesterday we butchered 
an ox — he had strayed from a herd--he belonged to 
Uncle Sam. Yesterday we had two barrels of corn 
ground. Today five of our men were out and got 
four sacks of corn from a good rebel lady. We will 
have enough to eat as long as we have the chance 
to visit the Rebels on their large farms. They 



don't have negroes anyiT\ore--they are all working 
for Uncle Sam in the woods, cutting wood for the 
railroad. With this I will close and hope the 
letter reaches you in good health. Your loving 
son, D. C. Miller, c/o Lt. J. Deuble 

In his letter of March 11, 1865, Miller was 

anticipating his going hone to Ohio since the war would 

soon be over. He said, "I would like to be with you 

dear parents, so that I could help with the butchering and 

you know how I like sausages!" He went on to say, "I 

think that when I come home I can hardly find your house." 

Christiana, Tenn. 
March 11, 1865 

Dear parents, 

Today I received your last letter and see 
that you are well, for which I am happy. Especially 
also to receive one from Mother — I could read it 
better than the one from sister, although I can 
read everything she wrote. I am still so grateful 
to God for the health which I daily enjoy. I 
hope that these few lines will reach you in as 
good health as I was when I wrote this. There 
isn't much in the way of news now — only a lot of 
troops going by on the railroad every day. We 
understand that 25,000 men are going to the Front. 
That should be a big army when they all get 
together. Most of them are cavalry. Yes, I would 
like to be with you dear parents, so that I could 
help with the butchering and you know how I like 
sausages!! I am sorry that the paymaster has not 
come yet since I mentioned it in two previous 
letters. But it will come. The war will not last 
much longer or my time will be over. I think 
when I come home, I can hardly find your house. 
I am wondering who is in my house, if they are 
still there or not and if you see one of them, ask 
if they know where Rudolph or Rudi is — they should 
give you their address. I would also like to hear 
from them. 



39 



On March 24, 1865 Daniel C. Miller was still in the 

blockhouse at Christiana, Tennessee. He said, "Our 

troops are still victorious. It probably won't be more 

than 14 days before we occupy the Rebel camp at Richmond. 

In a few days Generals Sherman and Grant will really give 

it to the Rebels and when they do I pity those Rebels. The 

South has just about had it, and instead of staying in the 

army, they desert." He stated that he was looking 

forward to going to work in Canton, Ohio when the war 

was over. 

Christiana, Tenn. 
March 24, 1865 

Dear parents and sister, 

Received your letter and am well. Dear sister 
I received the gold paper in good order and thank 
you very much for it. Everything is still the same 
in that every day our troops are still victorious. 
It probably won't be but 14 more days until we 
occupy the Rebel camp at Richmond. In a few 
days Generals Sherman and Grant v/ill really give 
it to the Rebels and when they do I pity those 
Rebels. A lot of soldiers pass by here every 
day. The South has just about had it. And instead 
of staying in the Army, they desert. 

Bravo . As I read in the Messenger last night, 
V7ithin the last 30 days 2,000 Rebels deserted 
among them 40 officers. Dear parents as soon as 
I get paid, I will send most of my clothes home 
so that I won't have much to carry or lose as I 
come home. I was glad to get the address from 
R. Meyers. I was also glad to hear that my brother 
Jacob is well in Canton. I am already looking 
forward to going to work there myself. 

Greetings to all who ask about me. 



40 



On May 4, 1865, Miller wrote from Christiana, 

Tennessee "The war is not entirely over and Jeff Davis will 

not get very far through South Carolina before he will be 

caught with his money. Our Cavalry General Stoneman with 

15,000 men on horses has almost caught up with him. Davis 

with six wagons full of gold and silver and 2,000 cavalry 

is only one days ride ahead of him. I would like to be 

there when they catch him. " He also stated that he no 

longer had to watch the railroad since as of the 15th 

of May the Federal government was turning the railroad back 

to the State of Tennessee. 

Christiana, Tenn. 
May 4, 1865 

Dear parents. 

Have received your letter and am glad to hear 
that everyone is well. I am well also. Nothing 
new except we read in the paper that 400,000 men 
are to be discharged and all men that are in 
hospitals, who can help themselves, will be 
released. Sherman's troops are to be on the way 
home. I can't say yet how it will be with us 
because the railroad doesn't have to be watched 
anymore and from the 15th of this month, the 
government is turning the railroad back over to the 
State of Tennessee. Also all quartermasters have 
been ordered to draw more rations to last until 
the first of June. We think we can come home in 
a few weeks. I would be delighted to get home 
before my time is over, if not 3k months isn't so 
long. It has been a long time since I received a 
letter from E. Fox. I have received three letters 
from Chas. and Rudolph thinks they are still in 
Chattanooga in 20th C. 0. Rudi compalins that he 



41 



doesn't get enough to eat. The 4th Army Corps came 
by here last week on the way to Nashville, and 
where they go from there is not known, but we 
think the most of them are going home. The war is 
not entirely over and Jeff Davis will not get very 
far through S. Carolina before he will be caught 
with his money. Our Cavalry General Stoneman v/ith 
15,000 men on horses has almost caught up with him. 
Davis with six wagons full of Gold and Silver and 
2,000 Cavalry is only one days ride ahead of him. 
I would like to be there vihen they catch him. 
Until we see each other soon, I am. your loving 
son, D. C. Miller 

From Christiana, Tennessee on April 17, Miller wrote 

a letter to his parents that has a very tragic note to 

it. He wrote, "I am very concerned about what I read in 

the newspaper and am still wondering whether to believe 

it or not because you can't trust the newspaper. We read 

that our President Lincoln was shot in a theatre in 

Washington last Friday and died at 7:20 Saturday morning. 

If all this is true, it will be very hard on us." He 

also said, "that the Rebel General Lee has surrendered, 

including the Generals Hood and the bloodhound Forrest." 

Miller went on to say, "Yesterday was Easter Sunday, but 

we didn't have any eggs like we do at home. They cost 

30 cents a dozen here and are very rare." 

Christiana, Tenn. 
April 17, 1865 

Dear parents and sister, 

I would have answered your letters earlier but 
there was no way to get the letters out of here. 
Last Wednesday and Thursday it rained here as much 



42 



water as could come down from the sky. It knocked 
dov/n or flooded some railroad bridges and the 
trains can't run. Last week I read in the Canton 
newspaper that my brother Jacob Miller broke his 
arm or perhaps got it torn off by a horse. That 
would be very hard for him and us. I am very 
concerned about what I read in the papers and am 
still wondering whether to believe it or not 
because you can't trust the newspaper. We read 
that our President Lincoln was shot in a theatre 
in Washington last Friday night and died at 7:20 
Saturday morning. At the same time Secretary Seward, 
his son, and another man v;ere supposedly stabbed in 
bed too, but neither of the 3 is dead yet. If all 
this is true, it will be very hard on us. We are 
not quite sure of all this, but you perhaps heard 
all the news. And also that the Rebel General Lee 
with his Army has surrendered, including the 
Generals Hood and the bloodhound Forrest. I now 
believe that the War is over or very close to it. 
We have beautiful weather now. The peach trees 
have already bloomed and the trees are green in 
their splendor. Yesterday was Easter Sunday but 
we didn't have any eggs like vie do at home. They 
cost 30 cents a dozen here and are very rare. I 
wish I could be with you and see everything I 
haven't seen for 3 years. 

Hoping this letter finds you as safe as when 
it left me. 

From Christiana, Tennessee on May 20, 1865, Daniel C. 

Miller said, "Thank God for his guidance so far. I hope 

He will take care of me and keep me as well as when I 

left you to fight for our Fatherland. Amen." He related, 

"Nothing much is new except that we see a lot of Rebels 

on their way home. You should see them, they are as 

filthy as pigs and full of lice." 



43 



Christiana, Tenn. 
May 20, 1865 



Dear parents and sister. 



I received your last letter this evening, and 
was very happy that you are all well. May our 
Lord keep you til I come home to you, thank 
God for his guidance so far, I hope he will take 
care of me and keep me as well as I was when I 
left you to fight for our Fatherland. Amen. 

Nothing much is new except that v;e see a lot 
of Rebels on their way home. You should see them, 
they are as filthy as pigs and full of lice. 
There is talk that we may not remain in Tenn. any 
longer than 15 days. I believe it too. I do not 
know the exact time but I wish it was tomorrow. 
Dear father I wanted to make you a tobacco box 
but it is too hot, but I will try it anyway. 

Some of our men captured a Rebel who was 
fishing at the River here and we sent some of our 
men to look for another one, perhaps his brother, 
and if they capture him they will get 100 dollars. 
If they do, I will let you know in my next letter. 
With these few lines I will close hoping it will 
arrive there finding you in good health as it 
left me. Farewell, hoping soon to be v;ith you 
in person to talk to you. 1000 greetings and 
wishes . 

Daniel C. Miller's last communication to his 

parents was written from Christiana, Tennessee on June 8, 

1865. Miller had this to say, "I will write to you 

again and it may be the last time from here since at the 

end of this week or the beginning of next, v/e'll be on 

our way home. I thank God for my health and the same for 

you." He mentioned that he had mailed by express a little 

box to Cleveland, Ohio that weighed only 3-4 pounds. 



^\? iii^^ V^ W'"^-w^-' ^:^'^ '■'^^'^^?'^^-^^M--^^r^^ - '^' ■<^y*^•^V.^^^ .■ •^:•.:.■ 










44 






?=« 






-^. 



> -^MIX n, M^ f^^>J..!^ii^^ "' 

^'V-^X 44pmii / «F<^ ^^- .U:-i*^^-^^-^^-- ■ 

: ^^.^. /(fi V-l-^^ii^- •%— ^ ^...iU J^:..4J^- --^ ^ p- 



in J 



;:^..::.^.SL 



-^' 



afs 



.cL„._. 



^ 






p- ••tbto tonuwoc Will li« •^^ — rr^"-* ri^.luiiS 






r«iwMr«a« Uim wvM /<>"»' <•'"«' 











45 



However, a tobacco box that he had been making wasn't quite 

ready and he wanted to bring it himself. 

Christiana, Tenn. 
June 8, 1865 

Dear parents, 

I will write to you again and it may be the 
last time from here since the end of this week or 
beginning of next, we'll be on our way home. I 
thank God for my health and wish you the same. 
Yesterday I received a letter from Rudolph and he 
said my mother was sick and that Verona had written 
to Jacob and Elizabeth to come home. I am so 
sorry to hear this and hope that she soon v/ill be 
well. I wouldn't have written yet but yesterday I 
sent a little box to Cleveland on the Express. If 
Jacob is still with you, he can get it. I 
addressed to H. Miller, Cleveland, Ohio. Lymen 
St. #92. It weights 3-4 lbs., only a little box. 
The tobacco box however, isn't in it because I 
want to bring it myself and it isn't quite 
finished. I paid $3.80 to sent the box home — it 
will not cost you anything. Today we learned what 
regiment is to replace us. It is the 188th Ohio, 
one year regiment. There are about 55 men here 
who belong to new regiments. They have always 
thought to get home before us but now they have 
cooled off and don't say so much. Now I will 
close and hope these few words will find all of 
you in good health and hope we can talk to each 
other soon. Your loving son, Daniel C. Miller. 

Thus faded from the picture a young Yankee 

soldier who spent one and one-half years on guard duty 

in Middle Tennessee, for the most part in Rutherford 

County. He fished in the streams, walked in the woods 

where the Battle of Stones River was fought, and was 

impressed with the beauty that surrounded him. He tried 



46 



to help pass the long hours by making walking canes from 
the cedar that grew so plentifully in the county, by 
making rings from silver coins, by making picture frames 
and tobacco boxes. Indeed, he was a skilled artisan, and 
the engraving on the boulder along Stones River where he 
has left a bit of himself amongst us is as clear today 
as if he had carved his name there only yesterday. 



47 



FROrV\ HELEN HUNT JACKSON TO JOHN CROWE RANSOM 

ORGANIZED LITERARY INTEREST EXPRESSED BY THE 

WOMEN OF MURFREESBORO, 1887-1945 

By 
Julie A. Adams 

Helen Hunt Jackson's popular novel Ramona inspired 
the formation of a literary society in 1887, "The Helen 

Hunt Jackson Reading Club," It evolved into the "Library 

2 

Association of Murf reesboro" two years later, and even- 
tually, through a strong desire to provide a permanent 

home for its 2,000 volumes, became incorporated with the 

3 
Woman's Club of Murf reesboro in 1916. The apex of this 

literary excitement shone brightly in the 1924 lecture 

series. Among distinguished speakers was Dr. John 

4 
Crowe Ransom, future "Fugitive Poet." The committment to 

quality life, filled with cultural achievement and civic 

improvement, expressed by these women from 1887 to 1945 

can be viewed in the developments that follow. 

How might one judge the beginnings of a reading 

club that was initiated by twelve women, each responsible 

for acquiring one book? VJhat was essentially a modest 

birth, was so enthusiastically nurtured, that in only 

twenty-seven years, the circulation reached 2,000--for 

a quarter of a century, the sole library in Murf reesboro. 



48 



Will Allen Dronqoole, a local author, donated some 
of the original twelve books in 1887. The members of 
the "Helen Hunt Jackson Reading Club" resolved to start a 
public library from these books. The first step was to 
secure a home for the collection. An empty counter in 
the rear of a bookstore, then in the name of "Booker Smith 
Bookstore" served the purpose. The space was rent-free, 
and early dues v/ere fifty cents. 

The move to Mason Court, on the corner of Main and 
Church Streets necessitated an increase in dues to one 
dollar, as rent was required. Captain Richard Bear 
occupied a room, and rented the back office to the 
library. 

The library officially becam.e "The Library Associa- 
tion of Murf reesboro" in 1889. Soon after, in June of 
1890, Miss Kate Fowler received a letter. . . . 

My dear Miss Fowler, 

I have received your note informing me 
that I have been made an Honorary member of 
the Murf reesboro Library Association. 

It is a compliment which I very greatly 
appreciate and I beg to express my sincere 
thanks . 

Your truely, _ 
Mary N. Murfree 

Undoubtedly the association was in turn flattered to be 

recognized by the local author, writing under the 

penname Charles Egbert Craddock. 



49 



A catalogue was published in 1892. Approximately 

560 books were in circulation at that time, including 

novels, biographies, poetry, history, essays, and 

periodicals. The organization was administered by five 

officers and an executive committee. In 1892 the women 

who functioned in this capacity were: 

President — Miss Addie Ledbetter 
1st Vice-president — Mrs. S. E. Spence 
2nd Vice-president — Mrs. J. F. Fowler 
Secretary--Miss Kate Fowler 
Treasurer--Mrs . R. W. Vickers 
Executive Committee: Mrs. Dewitt Smith 

Miss Amanda Curran 
Miss Currer Wendel 
Miss Florence Nuckols 
Miss Thenie McLemore 
Mrs. Walter Fox 

Subscribers were entitled to check out one book at a time, 

and non-subscribers were granted the same option, 

although they were expected to deposit the value of the 

book while it was borrowed. Subscriptions were one 

dol lar . 

The collection relocated a third time, to an 

upstairs room over Vickers Drug Store, "between the banks. 

Rent was free, and at that time funds were obtained from 

the sale of a tenant house. Circulation soared to 2,000, 

13 
and bookcases were purchased. 

The library was incorporated in May, 1911. Mrs. 

S. E. Spence, Mrs. G. S. Smith, Mrs. R, W. Vickers, Mrs. 

Dewitt Smith, and Miss Currer Wendel were the five 



„12 



50 



women responsible for the charter and maintenance of a 
circulating library for the benefit of the citizens of 
Rutherford County. The energy behind the rapid 
development of the association is attributed primarily to 
the leadership of Mrs. R. W. Vickers and Mrs. Dewitt 
Smith. There were hopes for a Carnegie library, but a 
destructive cyclone in 1913 shattered these plans by 
dem.olishing the housing situation, and lowering the funds 
of the members. Although the library was clearly an 
established institution, its physical status was 
vulnerable . 

It was this concern for a substantial library 
facility that prompted the formation of a woman's club. 
The Library Association, the United Daughters of the 
Confederacy, and the Suffrage League were all in need of 
a meeting place. Representatives met in December, 1915 
at the home of Mrs. W. A. Ransom, to discuss the idea of 
renting a suite of rooms. "It was suggested that women 
outside of the organizations represented by invited to 
join a woman's club, dues to be one dollar per year." 

In January 1916, a second conference was held in 
Mrs. H. L. Fox's apartment in the Masonic Building. Two 
rooms had been rented here, for $13 a month. The Woman's 
Club used one room, the Library the other. The U. D. C. 



51 



and the Suffrage League had become members by paying their 
proportionate share of the rent, "and enough individuals 
had enlisted to make up the amount. "''■ Mrs. E. B. 
Earthman was elected first president of the Woman's Club. 

There is considerable question as to whether the 
books were moved to the Masonic Building. There is a 
reference to a transfer from Vicker's Drug Store, to the 
Woman's Club Building. "^^ The Woman's Club was to have a 
grand new home. 

The opportunity was at hand to purchase a club 
building. In March, 1916, Mrs. R. W. Vickers reported 
to the club, with three proposals. Two options entailed 

purchasing lots, one for $1,100 and the other for 

19 
$1,500. The alternative that met the most approval, 

however, was the chance of buying the J. M. Haynes home 

on College Street. The price was $6,125, and on "easy 

„20 
terms . 

Mrs. Vicker's peers proclaimed she had a head for 
business, and that indeed proved to be true. With the 
aid of a blackboard, the plan for purchase was revealed. 
There were to be one hundred charter members, each contri- 
buting ten dollars. The women would then be grouped into 
ten subcommittees, each responsible for raising fifty 
dollars. "All were enthusiastic and wanted to buy the 



52 



home. They asked Mrs. Vickers to send a telegram at once 
to Mrs. Haynes, then in Florida, accepting her price for 

the house . " 

22 
The Woman s Club was incorporated July 22, 1916. 

A down payment of twelve hundred and fifty dollars in cash 

was rendered to Mrs. Miriam B. Haynes, and the remainder 

was arranged to be paid in nine notes of five hundred 

dollars each, payable through March, 1926. The Library 

Association donated three hundred dollars at the onset 

provided that the library would be housed in the new 

building. This was by far the largest amount contributed 

23 
by any group. These transactions were made September 9, 

1916. 

The first meeting in the new club house was 

January 3, 1917. The building was paid for in five 

years instead of ten, and as Mrs. Vickers said, "Without 

a man lifting his hand to help, and the men saying all 

24 
the time it couldn't be done." 

By-laws were published in 1917, stating the object 

of the organization as follows: 

To aid and encourage the social recreation, 
literary culture, and moral, intellectual 
and social development of its members, and 
to promote the moral, intellectual, and 
social improvement of the community and to 
take part in philnthropic LgicJ7 work; and 
to this end the said corporation may hold 



53 



meetings, give lectures, and entertainments of 
social, literary, musical or other character, 
and may charge entrance or admission fees to 
those wishing to attend such meetings or 
entertainments, do catering, and maintaining 
and care for a library. 25 

One means of rising to meet such objectives was 

through the work of the civic committee. In some old 

minutes it was noted that Mrs. Vickers moved that the 

club members urge that all "horns of automobiles be 

2 fi 
silenced during church hours, as a civic improvement." 

Other projects had long-term impact on the city of 

Murf reesboro. 

An extremely active year for the Civic Committee 

was 1919-1920. "Clean-up Campaign Spring 1920" was 

number one on the agenda. Efforts were made to make the 

community aware of beautif ication concern. "... Posters 

and moving pictures on sanitation and on beautif ication 

of the city were used with splendid results, which were 

27 
commended by the county physican." A subcommittee, 

chaired by Mrs. Malhon Brown, co-operated with city 

officials in "investigating and improving conditions in 

the slums, and with good results urged screening in 

28 
localities where it was most needed." It is rather 

difficult to imagine the town the size of Murfreesboro 

harboring a slum neighborhood in 1920, and it is 

interesting that the Woman's Club would identify such 



54 



problems. It is commendable that these women encouraged 
the use of screen doors and windows. Apparently they 
were not yet in common use, and in southern climates 
"screening" is a practical luxury. 

The primary emphasis that year was the "Great White 
Way." Several months were spent persuading the city 
commissioners to pave west Main Street, from the Public 
Square to the Railroad Station. "The street was almost 
impassable, and, in addition to discomfort and incon- 
venience which it caused the citizens, created a most 

29 
unfavorable impression in strangers. Persistence 

paid off--that spring paving was begun. The brightly 

lighted "Great White VJay," a parkway running through the 

center of West Main, "will be so arranged to insure greater 

safety for traffic, and the improvement of this most 

frequented throughfare in the city will be of immense 

value to the whole county." The club entertained plans 

to landscape this parkway. 

In 1922-24 the club chose to grade and sod the 

courthouse lawn, enclosing it with a hedge. Park benches 

were provided, and some thirty trees set out. Later club 

members seemed to regret this action, as the hedge was 

31 

"constantly in need of tending." 



55 



Education was an aspect of civic concern expressed 
through the Educational Committee. The club provided a 

loan scholarship fund to assist one student per year in 

32 

attending Tennessee College. Perhaps their most 

important endeavor was an educational conference in June, 
1920. Local educational questions were considered. The 
symposium was under the supervision of a committee 
composed of representatives from Tennessee College, the 
Middle Tennessee State Normal School, Murfreesboro city 
schools, and the Rutherford County public school, in 

co-operation with the "educational department" of the 

33 
Woman's Club. 

The Library Association was also interested in the 

cultural development of the city, and brought lecturers 

and musicians to Murfreesboro. One of the greatest 

attractions was a performance by the Cincinnati Symphony 

Orchestra, under the direction of Eugene Vsaye. The 

second concert by the orchestra in Murfreesboro was in 

34 
January, 1921. (The date of their previous appearance is 

not recorded in the minutes that are available.) 

The years 1920-1922 were grand years for music in 

Rutherford County. Camilla Ponsell, Metropolitan opera 

star, and Bruno Steindal, violin-cellist, "formerly cello 

soloist of the Chicago Symphony Orchestra" delighted the 

35 
townspeople at recitals sponsored by the Woman's Club. 



56 



The true nucleus of the Woman's Club was the 
library. The collection was housed in its present room, 
and administered by the officers and executive committee 
until 1923, when Miss Frankie White took charge as the 
first librarian. 

Prior to Miss White's administration, arrangements 
were made to borrow fifty books twice a year, from the 
Tennessee State Library. This loan was secured under the 

direction of Miss Emma Clayton, chairman of the library 

3 8 
committee in 1922. 

A card index system was installed in 1924--a real 

work saver for Miss White, especially since an average 

of fifty books were added each year. So far as enlarging 

of the collection was concerned, 1926 was a prosperous 

year. "120 of the newest and most popular books of the 

39 
day have been added." In this year also, the library 

became a member of the Literary Guild "which furnished each 

month a book selected by an eminent literary board as the 

40 
best book of that month." It is exceedingly fascinating 

to discover what type of reading material appealed at 

different phases of history. In the 1930 's, a time of 

national depression, the committee chairman reported, 

"One has said, 'Tell me the books she reads and I will 

read her character.' A marked increase in demand for, 

and supply of purer fiction is pre-eminently the 



57 



4 1 
feature of the past years." It is not surprising that 

people turn to fantasy for comfort in hard times. 

The library continued to grow, and the original 

twelve books were all but lost in the shuffle. The 

present library is quite a comfortable room, and proudly 

displayed beside the fireplace is the desk of Mary Knowles 

Murfree. The desk was donated to the club in 1938, by 

42 
the local U.D.C. chapter. 

The cultural attention of the organization was 
most admirably expressed in the impressive, and timely 
series of literary lectures. These presentations 
included dramatic readings, original poetry, literary 
critiques, discussions of current events, and recently 
written novels. The local citizens willingly offered 
their talents, presenting their views on a wide range 
of topics. The Negro Theatre, philosophy of John Dewey, 
the "new" southern poetry, modern culture in Maylaya, 
the pessisism of Schopanhover , athletic dancing, and 
arms limitation were all discussed prior to 1930. (For 
a detailed account of topics and speakers, refer to 
Appendix F.) Murfreesboro was far from being a provincial 
vil lage . 

Guest speakers hailed from Minnesota, New York, 
and England. A variety of topics, and a distinguished 
platform of speakers marks the year 1924. This lecture 



58 



series alone vocalizes a prevailing interest in the world 
beyond Rutherford County. The special events were as 
follows: 

Dr. Jefferson Harbord of Boston 

"Blessed by Humor" 
Mrs. Anadell of New York 

"Interior Decoration" 
Dr. Edwin Mims of Vanderbilt University 

"The Fight for Idealism in America" 
Dr. John Crowe Ransom of Vanderbilt University 

"Best Sellers" 

The recognition of John Crowe Ransom, and the 
respect for his integrity are most significant. Ransom's 
poetry--his life's work, is definitely appreciated in 
1980. His association with Robert Penn Warren, Allen 
Tate, and other "Fugitive Poets" represents the "Southern 
Renaissance" in literature. Some literary critics claim 
that the only significant writing in this century was from 
the pens of the Southern writers. The movement can be 
liberally interpreted on a counter-revolution to 
opinions of a decadent South. 

Literature in the South was alive and well. 
Organizations such as the Woman's Club of Murfreesboro 
played an important role in the dissemination of this 
cultural heritage. 



59 



FOOTNOTES 

Mrs. Ivan Brown, "Light on the Women's Club 
Library," p. 1. Typed, on file at Woman's Club, 221 East 
College Street, Murf reesboro, TN . 

2 
Mrs. E. Jackson, "Orientation Speech" presented to 

membership meeting, September 30, 1970. Filing cabinet 

upstairs at the Woman's Club. 

3 
By-Laws of Woman's Club of Murf reesboro, Tenn . 

1917 , p. 1, Mrs. Vicker's name on the cover. Files upstairs 

4 
The Woman's Club of Murf reesboro, Tennessee 
Announcements 1922-192 4, Benson Printing Co., Nashville, 
TN. Woman's Club Library. 

5 
"Woman's Club Library Began With 12 Books," 

Rutherford Courier , June 22, 1939, Murf reesboro, TN. 

Clipping. Files upstairs. 

Mrs. Ivan Brown, "Light . . . ." 

Mrs. R. W. Vickers, "History of the Woman's Club" 
(Attributed title), signed by Mrs. Vickers. Files 
upstairs . 

g 
Mrs. E. Jackson, "Orientation Speech." 

9 
Letter to Miss Kate Fowler, Murf reesboro, 

Tennessee, from Mary N. Murfree, June 5, 1890. Files 

upstairs . 

Catalogue — 1892, Murfreesboro Library Association , 
org. 1889 , News Print, 1892. Green pamphlet approximately 
6" X 3". Files upstairs. 

^ •'" Catalogue — 1892 .... 

12 

Mrs. Ivan Brown, "Light . . . ." 

13 

Mrs. R. W. Vickers, "History . . . ." 

14 

"Certificate of Registration," State of Tennessee, 

Department of State, May 27, 1911. Files upstairs. 



60 



15 

Mrs. Ivan Brown, "Light . . . .," files upstairs; 

"Woman's Club Library . . . ." 

Mrs. J. B. Black, "Beginnings of the Woman's Club 
Library," Paper presented to membership meeting February 20, 
1961. Typed. Files upstairs. 

Mrs. J. B. Black, "Beginnings . . . ." 

1 8 

Mrs. J. B. Black, "Beginnings . . . ." 

19 

Mrs. J. B. Black, "Beginnings . . . ." 

20 

Mrs. J. B. Black, "Beginnings . . . ." 

21 

Mrs. J. B. Black, "Beginnings . . . ." 

22 

Mrs. J. B. Black, "Beginnings . . . ." 

23 

Mrs. Ivan Brown, "Light . , , ," 

24 

Mrs. J. B. Black, "Beginnings . . . ." 

By-Laws .... 

Mrs. J. B. Black, "Beginnings . . . ." 

27 

The Woman's Club of Murf reesboro, Tennessee 

Announcements, 1919-1920 , Benson Printing Co., Nashville, 

TN. Woman's Club Library. 

^^The Woman's Club . . . 1919-1920. 



29 

The Woman's Club . . 


, . 1919-1920. 


The Woman's Club . . 


, . 1919-1920. 



3 1 

Mrs. J. B. Black, "Beginnings . . . ." 

•^^ The Woman's Club . . . 1919-1920 . 

•^•^ The Woman's Club . . . 1919-1920 . 

The Woman's Club of Murf reesboro Tennessee 
Announcements 1922-1924 , Benson Printing Co., Nashville. 
Woman's Club Library. '.•.'■■•' 



61 



^^ The Woman's Club . . . 1922-1924 . 

■^^Mrs. R. W. Vickers, "History . . . ." 

3 7 

Mrs. Ivan Brown, "Light .... 

•^^ The Woman's Club . . . 1922-1924 . 

•^^ Announcements The Woman's Club Murf reesboro , 
Tennessee, 1924-1926 , Publisher not known. Woman's Club 
Library. 

"^^ Announcements The Woman's Club Murfreesboro 
Tennessee, 1926-1928 , Publisher not known. Woman's Club 
Library. 

Announcements The Woman's Club Murfreesboro , 
Tennessee" ^ 1928-1930, Publisher not known. Woman's C 1 ub 
Library. 

4 '2 ■• 

Mrs. Ivan Brown, "Light .... 

"^•^The woman's Club . . . 1922-1924. 



62 
APPENDIX A 



Helen Hunt Jackson Reading Club Members 
(prior to 1889) 



Mrs. W. D. Robinson 

Mrs. J. T. B. Wilson 

Miss Susie Weakley (Mrs. Eph Lytle) 

Mrs. William Wendel 

Miss Currer Wendel 

Miss Kate Fowler (Mrs. George Cranor) 

Miss Lorena Nelson 

Mrs. John Nelson 

Miss Ross 

Miss Lizzie Woods (Mrs. R. W. Vickers) 

Miss Maggie Muirhead 

Miss Emma Clayton 

Miss Carrie Hancock 

Mrs. Nuckols 

Miss Lovie Eakin (Mrs. George Howse) 

Mrs. E. Smith 

Mrs. J. T. Rather 

Mrs. Dewitt Smith 

Mrs. Babb 

Miss Dill 

Miss Fannie Wade 

Miss Janie Murfree 

Miss Belle Baird 

Mrs. W. Y. Elliot 

Miss J. A. Eliot 

Miss Addie Ledbetter 



"Woman's Club Library Began With 12 Books," 
Rutherford Courier , June 22, 1939, Murf reesboro, TN, 
Clipping. 



APPENDIX B 



63 



$10.00 Members, 1917 



Avent, Mrs. James 
Brown, Mrs. Mahlon 
Butler, Mrs. Jim 
Bilbro, Mrs. V^J. C. 
Butler, Mrs. John 
Batey, Mrs. Forrest 
Beesley, Mrs. Jesse 
Burnett, Mrs. George 
Covington, Mrs. C. 
Cox, Mrs. Chas. 
Covington, Mrs. L. L. 
Cawthen, Mrs. Chas. 
Cox, Mrs. John 
Collier, Mrs. Carmine 
*Clayton, Miss Emma 
*Cranor, Mrs. George 
Cason, Mrs. George 
Darrom, Mrs. George 



Cason, Mrs. George 
arrom, Mrs. Georc 
ann, Mrs. Lester 
jtton. Miss 



Da _ 

Dann, Mrs. Lester 

Dutton, Miss 

Earthman, Mrs. W. B 
Elam, Mrs. Tom 
Fox, Mrs. Lee 
Fletcher, Mrs. Jim 
Gillentine, Mrs. L. S 
Goldstein, Mrs. David 
Ge 



fox, Mrs. Lee 
F'letcher, Mrs. Jim 
Sillentine, Mrs. L. S 
Goldstein, Mrs. Davie 
3ebers, Mrs. Hans 
Gilbert, Mrs. Fred 
Gresham, Mrs. Will 
Giltner, Mrs. G. B. 
Hooper, Mrs. Ed 
Howse, Mrs. George 
Huggins, Mrs. Camillus 
Hale, Mrs. Water 
Hale, Mrs. Lura 
Huggins, Mrs. Jesse 
Hancock, Miss Essie 
Ivie, Mrs. Tom 
Jones, Mrs. R. L. 
Jones, Mrs. E. H. 
Jordan, Mrs. Mattie 



Kerr, Mrs. H. H. 

King, Mrs. Albert 

Ledbetter, Mrs. D. L. 

Lytle, Mrs. R. L. 

Love, Mrs. Clifford 

Licker, Mrs. Sam 
*Lytle, Mrs. Eph 

Leach, Mrs. Rae 

Murfree, Mrs. Matt 

McKnight, Mrs. E. C. 

McClain, Mrs. A. H. J. 

Morns, Mrs. W. A. 

Miller, Mrs. P. R. 

Mitchell, Mrs. Sam 

Manson, Mrs. J. E. 

Murfree, Mrs. Bettie 

Maugan, Mrs. D. L. 

Manson, Mrs. Will 

McAdoo, Miss Edgar 

Marshall, Mrs. J. K. 
♦Nelson, Mrs. John 
*Nelson, Miss Lorena 

Nelson, Miss Mary 

Nelson, Mrs. Cora B. 

Overall, Mrs. Marcy 

Potter, Mrs. Tom 

Partee, Mrs. C. F. 

Perkins, Mrs. D. P. 

Poff, Mrs. Kelly 

Ransom, Mrs. James 

Ragland, Mrs. Chas. 

Roberts, Miss Cora 

Roberts, Mr. R. B. 
*Rather, Mrs. J. T. 

Rogers, Mrs. Edgar 

Rion, Mrs. Ed 

Richardson, Mrs. J. E. 

Ready, Mrs. Anna 

Rathers, Miss Mary 

Smotherman, Mrs. Fletcher 

Smith, Mrs. Gent 



64 



Spence, Miss Sarah 
Stockard, Mrs. J. E. 
Shacklett, Mrs. Arthur 
Spain, Mrs. Foster 
Smith, Mrs. Frederick 

*Smith, Mrs. Dewitt 
Tatum, Mrs. E. H. 
Tavenner, Mrs. Eugene 
Todd, Mrs. Andy 

*Vickers, Mrs. R. W. 
Woods, Mrs. Walter 
White, Miss Frankie 
Wright, Mrs. T. J. 
Williams, Mrs. J. R. 
Wharton, Mrs. A. D. 
Williams, Mrs. H. H. 
Weisse, Mrs. Aaron 
White, Mrs. Frank 
Williams, Mrs. John 
Youree, Mrs. 



*Denotes literary club members according to news 
clipping. 

"Banner Notebook — Woman's Club, 'Organized for 
$10.00 Members 1917." 



65 



APPENDIX C 



"Rules to Be Observed by the Librarian" 
Murfreesboro Library Association 



1. The library must be kept open during the hours 
directed by the Executive Committee. 

2. The library will be open every Saturday. 

3. Paid up subscribers or the members of the family 
of such subscribers shall have the right of with- 
drawing not more than one book from the library. 

4. Books can be taken out for two weeks, with the 
privilege of renewal for one week. Any person 
failing to return a book upon the specified day 
shall be fined one cent a day until it is returned. 
The Librarian must keep account of such fines and 
report to the Treasurer for collection. A book lost 
must be replaced by the loser. 

5. Non-subscribers can take out books by depositing 
the price of book with the Librarian, and upon its 
return paying 10 cents a week for the time it 

was kept. 

6. New magazines must not be kept out longer than one 
week under penalty of a fine of 5 cents a week. 

7. An old magazine can be taken out with a book, or 
four old ones without a book subject to the same 
rules as books. A magazine is old when it is no 
longer the current number. 



Catalogue — 1892, Murfreesboro Library Association , 
org. 1889 . 



66 



APPENDIX D 

"Periodicals — Catalog, 1892" 

Atlantic Magazine 1889-90-91 

Century Magazine 1888-89-90-91 

Eclectic Magazine 9 vols. 

Harper Magazine 1888-89-90-91 

Home Magazine 4 vols. 

Lippincott 1889-90 

Life Magazine 1891 

Puck Magazine 1889 

St. Nicholas Magazine 1890-91 

Youth's Companion 1890-91, 1892 



Catalogue — 1892, Murfreesboro Library 
Association, Org. 1889 . 



67 



APPENDIX E 

History of the Woman's Club Building 

The house was built in 1854, by Dr. William T. 
Baskette, on a lot he'd purchased from J. I. Abernathy. 

The Contractor of the magnificent building was Samuel 

2 

Richard Sanders. (His granddaughter, Mrs. John Osborne 

presently lives in Murf reesboro. ) 

Dr. Baskette 's second wife was Helen M. Crichlow, 
grandmother of Mr. N. C. Crichlow. "It is said that James 
H. Crichlow, father of Collier Crichlow, sold pies back 

in the kitchen to the Union soldiers encamped here during 

3 
the 'War Between the States.'" (History repeated itself 

in regard to "pies" in many homes during maneuvers of 

World War II, when children sold pies and sandwiches to 

G. I.'s on duty here. "The G. I.'s would sometimes 

order pies, pay for them, and be moved before the pies 

4 
could be delivered." ) 

The second owner was Judge Fletcher Burrus, who sold 

5 
the house to Munford Jordan. The next owner was James M. 

Haynes, whose widow sold the house to the Woman's Club. 

The house originally had no porch on the front and 

east side. "It is said that Mr. Haynes had the porches 



68 



built so he could exercise. His sight was poor, and he did 
not like to get on the street." 

The building is high style, and when Mr. Haynes 

owned it, there was decorative iron grating over the 

7 
front windows, and a carved door welcomed visitors. 

Miss Rebecca Jetton occupied the house for a few 
years, and provided clues as to the original state of the 
building. "Where we see the rafter in the ceiling here 
in the assembly room, the west porch began and extended 
the present serving room, and kitchen to the west. The 
kitchen was at the northwest end of the porch. A bath- 
room was a part of the porch, and where it is now. The 
east part of the assembly room was the dining room with 
serving rooms and pantry on the north. The present library 
and dining room were bedrooms. The upstairs had four 
large bedrooms with no partitions in each except a 
dressing room on the north side of the large room above 
the assembly room." 

The Woman's Club made several alterations, and 

repairs. In 1920 a hardwood floor was added, emphaisizad 

9 
with a new rug, upholstries and drapes. 

Several "improvements" occurred in 1922. The big 

porch was taken in to enlarge the assembly room, and to 

create a serving room and kitchen. Electric fixtures were 



69 



installed in the new kitchen, as was a new stove. A 
furnace was put in, and new dining room furniture acquired. 

The auditorium was enlarged to seat 300 in 1922. The 
porch was screened, and new draperies were hung in the 
library and dining room. The next major alteration was in 
1930 — a new roof costing $625.00. 



m 



70 



FOOTNOTES 



Mrs. J. B. Black, "Beginnings of the 'Woman's 
Club Library.'" Paper presented to membership meeting 
February 20, 1961. Typed. Files upstairs, 

2 
Mrs. J. B. Black, Beginnings . 

3 
Mrs. J. B. Black, Beginnings . 

4 
Mrs. J. B. Black, "Beginnings . 

5 
Mrs. J. B. Black, Beginnings . 

Mrs. J. B. Black, "Beginnings . 

7 
Mrs. J. B. Black, "Beginnings . 

Q 

Letter to Mrs. Black, from Rebekah Jetton, hand- 
written, letterhead stationery, "Tennessee Society Daughters 
of the American Revolution." Two pages, including floor 
plan. (Files upstairs. Woman's Club.) 

9 
The Woman's Club of Murfreesboro Tennessee 

Announcements 1920-192 2, Benson Printing Co., Nashville, 

TN. Woman's Club Library. 



10 



The Woman's Club of Murfreesboro . 



. 1922-1924. 



Announcements The Woman's Club Murfreesboro 
Tennessee 1930-1932 . Publisher not known. Woman's Club 
Library. 



71 



BIBLIOGRAPHY 



Manuscripts 

Black, Mrs. J. B. "Beginnings of the Woman's Club," 

Speech presented to membership meeting, February 20, 
1961, by Mrs. Black, Woman's Club President 
1947-49. Typed. Filing cabinet, upstairs. 
Woman's Club, 221 East College St., Murf reesboro, TN. 

Brown, Mrs.. Ivan. "Light on the VJoman ' s Club Library," 
Typed. Filing cabinet, upstairs. Woman's Club. 

Jackson, Mrs. E. "Orientation Meeting." Speech presented 
■ to new members of the Woman's Club, September 20, 
1970. Typed. Filing cabinet, upstairs. Woman's 
Club. 

Nelson, Cora Bristol. "Spring Luncheon." Poem handwritten 
in ink, presumable Mrs. Nelson's hand, "About 1946." 
Filing cabinet, upstairs. Woman's Club. 

"Play." Title unknown, VI Scenes. Dramatization of idea/ 
decision to start a woman's club. Three drafts. 
Filing cabinet, upstairs. Woman's Club. 

Vickers, Mrs. R. w. "Manuscript" copies for Mrs. Vickers 
by her niece Mrs. Ivy Elder (August 6, 1950). 
Handwritten on back of advertisement "McMillans 
Company." Filing cabinet, upstairs. Woman's Club. 



Correspondence 

Letter to Miss Kate Fowler, Murf reesboro, Tennessee from 
Mary N. Murfree, June 5, 1890. Filing cabinet, 
upstairs, Woman's Club. 

Letter to Mrs. Dr. Black from Mrs. R. W. Vickers, 1948. 
Filing cabinet, upstairs. Woman's Club. 

Letter to Mrs. R. W. Vickers, date and addressee unknown. 
Brief history, signed by Mrs. Vickers. Filing 
cabinet, upstairs. Woman's Club. 

Letter to Miss Ada Young, Librarian, Woman's Club, from 
Mrs. R. W. Vickers, January 15, 1946. Filing 
cabinet, upstairs. Woman's Club. 



72 



Letter to Miss Ada Young from Mrs. R. W. Vickers, 

January 19, 1946. Filing cabinet, upstairs, 
Woman's Club. 

Letter to Miss Ada Young, Librarian, Woman's Club, from 
Mrs. R. W. Vickers, January 24, 1946. Filing 
cabinet, upstairs. Woman's Club. 

Letter to Mrs. Black, from Rebekah Jetton, handwritten, 
letterhead stationery. "Tennessee Society 
Daughters of the American Revolution." Two pages, 
floor plan included. Filing cabinet, upstairs. 
Woman's Club. 



Newspapers 

"Lawrence Goodman to Appear at Woman's Club," The Home 
Journal , Murf reesboro, Tennessee, Friday, 
January 4, 1929. 

"R. W. Vickers," Home Journal Souvenir 2nd Edition , 
Murf reesboro, Tennessee. Date unknown. 

"Woman's Club Library Began With 12 Books," Rutherford 
Courier , June 22, 1939, Murf reesboro, Tennessee. 
Clipping. Filing cabinet, upstairs. Woman's Club. 



Official Records 

"Certificate of Registration." State of Tennessee, 

Department of State, May 27, 1911. Filing cabinet, 
upstairs. Woman's Club. 

Deed Book 62 , p. 336 (notebook 3) , Rutherford County, 
Tennessee, November 4, 1919. 

Minute Book AA , pp. 551-556, Chancery Court, Rutherford 
County, Tennessee. Recorded October 29, 1919. 



Yearbooks 

By-Laws of Woman's Club of Murf reesboro, Tenn. 1917 . 
Mrs. Vicker's name on cover. Filing cabinet, 
upstairs. Woman's Club. 



73 



The Woman's Club of Murf reesboro, Tennessee Announcements 
1919-1920 , Benson Printing Co., Nashville, TN, 
Woman's Club Library. 

The Woman's Club of Murf reesboro, Tennessee Announcements 
1920-1922 . Benson Printing Co., Nashville, TN, 
Woman's Club Library. 

The Woman's Club of Murf reesboro, Tennessee Announcements 
1922-1924 . Benson Printing Co., Nashville, TN, 
Woman's Club Library. 

Announcements The Woman's Club Murf reesboro, Tennessee , 
1924-1926 . Publisher not known. Woman's Club 
Library. 

Announcements The Woman's Club Murf reesboro Tennessee , 
1926-1928 . Publisher not known. Woman's Club 
Library. 

Announcements The Woman's Club Murf reesboro -Tennessee, 
1928-1930 , Publisher not known. Woman's Club 
Library. 

Announcements The Woman's Club Murf reesboro Tennessee , 
1930-1932 , Publisher not known. Woman's Club 
Library. 

Announcements The Woman's Club Murf reesboro Tennessee , 
1932-1934 , Publisher not known. Woman's Club 
Library. 

The Woman's Club Murf reesboro Tennessee 1934-1936. 
Publisher not known. Woman's Club Library. 

The Woman's Club 1940-41 . Publisher not known. Woman's 
Club Library. 

The Woman's Club 1944-45 . Publisher not known. Woman's 
Club Library. 



Minute Books 

"Banner Notebook — Woman's Club, 'Organized for $10.00 

Members 1917.'" (Membership lists, rents received, 
etc.) Filing cabinet, upstairs. Woman's Club. 



74 



"Black Log Book," 1921-1933. Filing cabinet, upstairs. 
Woman's Club. 

"Green Log Book," 1924-1926. Filing cabinet, upstairs. 
Woman's Club. 



Other Sources 



Catalogue — 1892, Murfreesboro Library Association . 

org. 1889 . News Print, 1892. Green pamphlet 
approximately 6" x 3". Filing cabinet, upstairs. 
Woman's Club. 

"Woman's Club Building." Black and white photograph, 

5" X 7", Leo Ferrell, photographer, Murfreesboro, 
Tennessee. July 6, 1921. Filing cabinet, 
upstairs. Woman's Club. 



75 



CHARLES READY, SR. 

Submitted by 
Ray Stacey 

Charles Ready, Sr. (b. April 1, 1770 at Salisbury, 
MD, d. Aug. 3, 1859 at Readyville, Tenn.) was the son of 
Baron and Elizabeth Dulaney Ready of Maryland. His 
paternal grandparents were Bryan (Brian) and Catherine Kar 
Ready of Maryland and Delaware. 

Family tradition held that the original name of 
the Ready (pronounced Reedy) family was "McReady" and 
that they were a Scottish clan, many of whose members 
came to America "on Lord Baltimore's ship" to escape 
religious persecution. They were Presbyterians and 
settled in Maryland. On arrival in this country they 
dropped the "Mc" from the family name. 

Recent research has found that there is no "clan 
McReady" but, instead, a "Macreadie" family in the 
Galloway district of Scotland which is entitled to wear 
the Galloway tartan. No doubt this is the ancestral 
family of the American Readys. 

When Charles Ready was about six years old his 
father died and his widowed mother removed with her two 
sons to North Carolina to be near her sister and 



76 



brother-in-law, Caroline and William (Francis ?) Palmer, 
whose daughter, Mary (b. 9-4-1773, d. 9-3-1848), Charles 
married sometime before 1797. First cousin marriages 
were not unusual at that time. 

The Ready and Palmer families moved to South 
Carolina where they i lived for a short time in the Edgefield 
and Fairfield Districts before emigrating by wagon train 
to Tennessee in 1797. Charles and Mary Palmer Ready 
settled for a short time In Sumner County where their 
daughter, Nancy (dates not presently known) and Caroline 
(b. 1800, d. 1873) were born. 

In 1802 Charles purchased a large tract of land 
on the east fork of Stone's River from General Griffith 
Rutherford, a part of his Revolutionary War land grant. 
This land was at that time in Davidson County, but in 
1804 became a part of Rutherford when that county was 
formed from Davidson and VJilliamson. 

Charles Ready was one of the signers of the petition 
dated Aug. 10, 1806 asking for the creation of a new 
county, and v/hen the request v;as granted he was appointed 
one of the seven members of the first Court of Pleas 
and Quarter Sessions, serving as presiding officer. 

Soon after taking possession of his land, Charles 
built a log home near a large chalybeate spring and set 
about developing his property. 



77 



In 1805 the first railitia companies in Rutherford 
County were organized and Charles Ready is listed in 
Capt. Alexander McKnight's Co. 

In 1816 the Stones River Presbyterian Church was 
organized and Charles and his wife, Mary (Polly), were 
charter members. Charles served as an elder for many 
years . 

In 1811 a Post Office was established on the Ready 
property and given the name "Readyvil le . " Chaitles 
became the first Postmaster. Also, in 1811, he was 
named one of seven commissioners appointed by the state 
legislature to choose the permanent Rutherford County seat. 
Part of the Ready land was considered as a site. Charles 
entertained the commissioners with a lavish dinner at 
his home but lost the vote, four to three, to the land 
offered by William Lytle, which grew into the present city 
of Murf reesboro. 

In 1813 Charles Ready built a dam on Stone's 
River near his home and erected a mill on the site of 
the present Readyville mill. 

In the late 1820s bricks, made on the place, were 
ready for building "an elegant house," and in the early 
1830s construction was completed on the three story 
dwelling v/hich was named "The Corners." It housed his 



78 



growing family, which included ten children, and at times 
is said also to have served as an inn for travelers. 
Family tradition says that three presidents, Andrew 
Jackson, Martin Van Buren, and James K. Polk, were guests 
there. For a brief period of time Charles experimented 
with growing silkworms in the third floor rooms of the 
house and planted mulberry trees on his property to supply 
their food. This attempt at establishing a silk industry, 
however, proved to be an unsuccessful venture and was 
soon abandoned. Otherwise, he continued to prosper and 
was recognized as one of the wealthiest and most influential 
citizens of the county. 

Charles Ready died at his home in his ninetieth 
year and is buried beside his wife in the family cemetery 
across the road from his home. His obituary in the 
"Murf reesboro News" August 10, 1859 speaks of his 
accomplishments, his industry, energy, prudence, 
honesty and kindness and notes that: "He leaves a 
numerous progeny who are scattered over the Southern 
and Western States. They will lament his departure 
but they will cherish his memory with pride and pleasure." 



79 



Children of Charles Ready, Sr. 
and his wife, Mary Palmer Ready 

1. Nancy Ready, dates not yet discovered, m. Joshua 
Haskell (1st mayor of Murf reesboro) , known 5 children. 

2. Caroline Ready, b. 1800, d. 1873, m. (1) Dr. Benjamin 
Hancock, 9/25/1819, known 5 children, m. (2) Enoch 
Jones, 1861 (she was his 3rd wife) . 

3. Charles Ready, Jr., b. 12/22/1802, d. 6/4/1878, 
m. 5/19/1825 to Martha Strong, b. 3/18/1807, 

d. 8/27/1877, known 8 children. 

4. Aaron Ready (twin of Charles, Jr.), b. 12/22/1802, 
d. 1854 (?), m. 2/23/1830 to Jerusha Sims, children 
of this marriage mentioned in will of Charles Ready, 
Sr. but not named. 

5. Eliza Ready, b. 12/31/1805, d. 3/7/1875, m. Lafayette 
Burrus, b. 11/21/1797, d. 11/7/1851, known 13 
children. 

6. William Ready, b. 1805, d. 11/14/1839, m. 12/13/1832 
Isabella C. Burkely, known 2 children. 

7. Mary Ready, b. 1/17/1809, d. 3/26/1874, m. 5/16/1827 
to James Holmes, b. 2/26/1795, d. 7/5/1850 in 
County Donegal, Ireland, 9 known children. 

8. Lucinda Ready, b. 12/29/1810, d. 2/12/1830, not 
married. 



80 



9. Susanna Maria Ready (Moriah) , b, 1813, d. 1885, 
m. Dr. John Barclay Armstrong, b. 1/20/1819, 
d. 12/18/1873, 7 known children. 
10. Jane Campbell Ready, b. 4/30/1815, d. 4/15/1876, 

m. (1) 7/14/1835 to Dr. William Donaho, i child of 
this marriage (?) , m. (2) Peter Coleman Tulley, 
b. 11/17/1800, d. 12/16/1884, 8 known children of 
this marriage. 

This is an incomplete chart. Any corrections or 

additions are requested. 

Sarah H. Brown 

126 N. Sequoia Drive 

Springfield, TN 37172 

Grandchildren of Charles Ready, Sr. 
and his wife, Mary Palmer Ready 

1. Children of Nancy Ready and Joshua Haskell 

1. Mary Ann Haskell, m. William Porter. 

2. William T. Haskell, famous orator, b. 7/31/1818, 
d. 3/12/1859. 

3. Ellen Virginia Haskell. 

4. Martha Lucinda Haskell. 

5. Maria Jane Haskell (changed to Jane Maria), 
m. Robert Searcy. 



81 



Children of Caroline Ready and Dr. Benjamin Hancock. 

1. Benjamin Hancock, died young. 

2. Mary Hancock, m. T. N. Wendell. 

3. Harriett Hancock, m. Mr. ? Stewart. 

4. Erasmus Darevin Hancock, b. 10/9/1822, d. 12/13/1891, 
m. Fannie Dickson Murfree, b. 5/4/1834, d. 

12/26/ ?. 

5 . John Hancock 

Children of Charles Ready, Jr. and Martha Strong. 

1. Charles Edmond Ready, b. 12/10/1830, d. 9/27/1856. 

2. Martha 0. Ready (Mattie) , b. 6/22/1840, 

d. 11/16/1887, m. (1) Gen. John Hunt Morgan 
12/14/1862, m. (2) Judge W. H. Williamson, 
1/30/1873. 

3. Horace Ready, m. 11/13/1888, Mrs. Ingram B. 
Collier nee Louisanna Cushman (he was her 3rd 
husband) . 

4. Alice Ready, b. 11/9/1842, d. 9/7/1890, 
m. Andrew B. Martin. 

5. Ella Ready, m. Leland Jordan. 

6. Mary Ready, m. Dr. William Cheatham. 

7. Aaron F. Ready, died young. 

8. Joseph Strong Ready, b. 2/15/1833, d. 1/29/1846 ? 



82 



4. Children of Aaron Ready and Jerusha Sims. Number 
and names not presently known. They were mentioned 
in will of Charles Ready, Sr. 

5. Children of Eliza Ready and Lafayette Burrus. 

1. Dr. William L. Burrus. 

2. Lucian B. Burrus, Arkansas planter. 

3. Ophelia Maria Burrus, d. 1856, m. Gen. Joseph B. 
Palmer. 

4. Robert A. Burrus, merchant, d. Memphis, TN 1879. 

5. Francis Marion Burrus. 

6. Cassandra Burrus, m. James M. Alexander. 

7. Fletcher R. Burrus, b. 9/16/1844, m, 5/30/1871 
Hattie Pointer of Pulaski, TN. 

8. Lafayette Burrus, Jr. 

9. Elizabeth M. Burrus, m. George W. Howse. 

10. Dr. Joseph C. Burrus, d. before 1888, Napoleon, ARK. 

11. Lucy Burrus, m. P. D. McCullock. 

12. Martha A. Burrus, died in young ladyhood,, 
very beautiful. 

13. Sophia Emma Burrus, m. F. H. Lytle, also a 
beauty. 

6. Children of William Ready and Isabella C. Burkley. 

1 . Catherine Ready 

2 . Mary Ready 



83 



7. Children of Mary Ready and James Holmes. 

1. Robert Holmes, b. 4/24/1830, d. 8/24/1835. 

2. Charles Holmes, b. 8/8/1831, d. 3/1/1911, 
m. (1) Sallie Wade, (2) Fannie Wood 

3. Lucinda Holmes, b. 10/3/1833, d. 8/19/1879, 
m. James Martin 

4. John Holmes, b. 11/20/1835, d. 12/20/1901, 
m. (1) Martha Hare, (2) name not known. 

5. William Francis Holmes, b. 5/26/1840, d. 2/7/1919, 
m. 11/26/1872 Minta C. Hall, b. 4/22/1854, 

d. 9/25/1902. 

6. James Holmes, b. 11/14/1842, d. 9/2/1864, not 
married, died in Confederate Army in battle. 

7. Samuel Holmes, b. and d. 4/7/1845. 

8. Mary Holmes, b. 4/5/1846, d. 12/21/1921, 
m. Capt. Jonathon Nichol. 

9. David Edwin Holmes, b. 1/2/1849, d. 10/14/1932, 
m. (1) Sallie Enoch Hare. (2) Lula McKnight. 

8. Lucinda Ready, no issue. 

9. Children of Susanna Maria Ready and Dr. John Barclay 
Armstrong. 

1. Thomas Temple Armstring. 

2. Mary Ready Armstrong. 

3. Le Vanda (Van) Armstrong. 



84 



4. Laura Maria Armstrong. 

5. John B. Armstrong. 

6. Susan A. Armstrong. 

7. Betania Armstrong. 

10. Children of Jane Campbell Ready and Dr. William 
Donaho, 1 son ? 
Of Jane and Peter Coleman Talley. 

1. Ada Juliette Talley, b. 9/28/1843, d. 7/9/1916, 
m. 1/14/1862 Dr. James Brickell Murfree, 

b. 1835, d. 1912. 

2. Mary Talley, m. Mr. Spence. 

3. Emma J. Talley, b. 7/9/1848, d. 4/29/1920, m. 
8/12/1867 Albert Jetton. 

4. D. H. Talley. 

5. Leslie Talley, b. 1850. 

6. Francis Talley, b. 1852. 

7. Edwin Talley, b. 1854. 

8. Walter Talley, b. 1859. 

This is an incomplete chart. Grandchildren may 
not be listed in birth order. Corrections and additions 
are requested. Some lines have been carried several 
generations further. 



85 



SOURCES 

The Goodspeed Historys . Reprinted from Goodspeed: 
History of Tennessee, 1886. 

Canon County by Robert L. Mason. 

Rutherford County Tennessee Cemetery Records , by 
Jill K. Garrett and Iris H. McClain. 

Bible Records and Marriage Bonds , by Jeanette T. Aclalen. 

Bible Records and Tombstone Inscriptions by Jeanette T. 
Aclalen. 

A History of Rutherford County , Carlton C. Sims, Editor. 

The Story of Murf reesboro , C. C. Henderson. 

Hearthstones , Mary B. Hughes. 

"History of Readyville," Miss Mary Hall, Rutherford County 
Historical Society . Publication No. 4. 

Tennessee Cousins , Worth S. Ray. 

Family papers of Lucinda Holmes Couey and Martha Bone 
Crowe . 

Notes from Conversations with David Holmes (1849-1932), 
a grandson of Charles Ready, Sr. 

Archives of the Presbyterian Church, Montreat, NC . 

Records of The Scotch House, London, England. 



86 



MT. OLIVET AND HOOVER GAP METHODIST CHURCHES 

by 
Mrs. Margaret Powell 

Methodism swept into the Southeastern basin of 
Tennessee like a tidal wave in late 1790 or 1800. There 
were people anxiously awaiting this new religion that 
assured anyone v/ith a place to worship and would have a 
preacher sent by a district superintendent. People 
worshipped in brush arbors, homes, and schoolhouses . 
This new form of church government was formulated by 
John Wesley, "Father of Methodism." He refused to have 
the movement called Weslyism. But since the system was 
so Methodical, it soon became "Wesleys Methods or 
Methodism." It was J. W. Cullum a preacher in 1871 v/ho 
said, "Christianity was Methodism on Horseback," as so 
many of the preachers or "circuit riders," as they were 
called, had to ride horse back, because of the bad roads 
or lack of roads. Some churches were almost inaccessible, 
even then but if they were on their circuit the preacher 
got there, rain, sleet, cold or whatever. Sometimes their 
shoes would freeze in their saddle stirrups. 

As early as 1812 church houses were being built in 
Rutherford County. I don't have any record of when the 



87 



church at Big Spring was built, only a tiny dot on the 
1878 map indicated the spot where the Methodist Episcopal 
Church stood--I don't know when nor why it was moved to 
Manchester Highway, with an access road to Big Spring road. 
Presumably the Big Spring church burned, as so many 
buildings did, leaving no records. The new church was 
built majestically--"Big and Wide" high on a hill and 
appropriately called Mt. Olivet. 

Mt. Olivet was in Murfreesboro District and on 
Hall Springs Circuit with the parsonage located at Noah, 
on Manchester Highway between Beech Grove and Manchester. 
Most circuits had at least 4 churches but the preacher 
was available at all times for funerals and to preach 
any place the people called for him. 

While Rev. Cullum was occupying the parsonage, he 
with some help built a brick cistern for their water 
supply. The building required 3,400 bricks, 3H barrels 
of cement and 2 barrels of lime and cost $44.87. It 
was built about 1890. I don't know how long it was used. 
I dimly remember our church donating money to have 
water installed in the parsonage sometime in 1920. 

I have often heard my grandfather tell of the huge 
crowds and the big revival meetings that were held in 
Mt. Olivet. Sometimes the meetings lasted all night with 



preaching, singing, shouting, and people would go into 
trances. The revivals were very emotional and congre- 
gations expressed joy in their salvation, each in his own 
way. After all they came to America to worship for 
freedom; and worship they did. 

I grew up in this church and thinking back can 
remember the many things I enjoyed there. The card class 
that "Miss'Mol ly" Baugh Pate taught. We had to memorize 
our golden text, sit still and listen, holding our 
pennies in our hot little hands. I remember the excite- 
ment of the box supper, dreading and hoping some one nice 
would get my box. The ice cream suppers v/ith cake walks 
held as friendly get togethers and to augment finances. 

The Christmas tree, huge in our eyes all a glitter 
with tinsel in the candlelight and loaded with all sorts 
of interesting looking packages while excited youngsters 
hoped and waited with bated breath for the program to 
be over and Santa would hand out the gifts. 

Then in June "Children's Day" would be a big 
event with all the Sunday School participating--boys 
with scrubbed faces, hair sleeked down, in white shirts 
and knee pants. The girls with curls, bows, ruffled 
dresses and baby doll patent slippers would march, sing 
and speak our pieces with outward calm and inward 



89 



quaking and oh what a relief it was when it all was over. 
It was a pretty event--children for once all dressed up, 
and on their best Sunday behavior, the church too was 
all dressed up and decorated with flower arrangements. 
There was a closeness in this group of people who worked 
for common good. Many and varied were their talents and 
each was willing to share and do what they could. 
Visiting the sick and caring for the elderly was done as 
a matter of fact. There were no florist shops to call 
and have flowers sent to sick or shut-in. Home grown 
flowers were used and since "Miss Annie" McKnight as 
she was affectionately called had a "green thumb," lots 
of flowers, and a knack of arranging them, she was 
called on often to furnish flowers (in season) on all 
occasions. There was always flowers on Sunday and extra 
ones on special occasions. I've often wondered how 
many flowers she had given to others, bouquets, and potted 
plants for old, sick or shut-ins and on so many occasions 
hearts that grieved were lightened by the wreaths of 
"Miss Annie" flowers covering the cold clay on a loved 
ones grave. 

Quarterly conferences were held once a year in 
each church. The delicious "basket dinners" were looked 
forward to — a just reward we felt after a long sermon and 



90 




91 



a lengthy business session. I remember a few times Uncle 
Dave Macon would come and bring his banjo and entertain 
after lunch under the big shade trees. 

Singing Schools were often held in summer and well 
attended. This picture of one group taught by George W. 
Sebren was held in 1915. I have attempted with the help 
of Mrs. Mary Price Snell and Mrs. Pearl Marlin Smith to 
name them. I'm not 100% sure and apologize for any 
mistakes we made. It v/as a long time ago and only a few 
are still living. 

Names on Pictures 



1. 


Mary Epps 


2. 


Margaret Powell 


3. 


Mabel Fox 


4. 


Pauline Allman 


5. 


Sue McKee 


6. 


Mr. G. W. Sebren, teacher 


7. 


Smith Webb 


8. 


Hall Webb 


9. 


0*Brien 


10. 


0. B. Hendricks 


11. 


Pearl Marlin Smith 


12. 


Aileen McKee Hatchett 


13. 


Mrs. Allen 


14. 


Irene Hoover 



15. Mary Price Snell 

16. Willie Mai O'Brien 

17. Mary Lou Hendricks 

18. Mrs. Annie Hoover 

19. Mrs. Lillie White 

20. Ida Hoover Williams--Rev. John Mark Williams' mother 

21. Mrs. Margaret Webb 

22. Mattye Ida Hoover O'Brien 

23. Elizabeth White 



92 



24. Mrs. Corrine Hoover 43 

25. Mrs. Annie McKnight 44 

26. Hoover 45 

27. Andrew Price 46 

28. Lizzie Hayes Haynes 47 

29. Luther Hayes 48, 

30. Rose Smotherman 49 

31. Mr. B. G. White 50 

32. Virginia O'Brien 51, 

33. Mr. Hendricks 52, 

34. Mary Hoover 53, 

35. Mr. Hoover 54, 

36. Dr. Allen 55, 

37. Mattie Lou Hoover 56, 

38. Willie Hendricks 57, 

39. Allie McKnight Hoover 58, 

40. Mattye Hayes Maxwell 59, 

41. Bettye Mai Allman 60, 

42. Dovie Biggers 61, 



Effie Davis 
Willie O'Brien 
Walter Price 
Edward Hendricks 



Kirk Webb 
Elmer McKnight 
Hugh O'Brien 
Tommye Lee Haynes 
Jimmy Cristman 
Bob Lynch 
Mr. Pheonix 
Silas M. Hoover 
Eugene Hoover 
Murphy Haynes 
Sam Insell 
Johnny O'Brien 
Mr. Stem 
Jim Webb 



Partial Membership 



I don't have a record of all the members but some 

that were on Sunday School report are given. 

Mr. and Mrs. Tom Allman 

Jim Broyles 

Willis Drake 

Marlin Hoover--Marvin 

Le Grand Hoover--Irenej Nettye Lou 

Joe Hoover--Travis , Ida Lee, Eunice 

John Henry Hoover — Allice, Eve, Ada 

Eugene Hoover 

Harvey Hoover — Forney, Eugene, Palmer 

Will Kelton 

John McKnight--Kirby , Allie, Elmer, Margaret 

W. J. Fox 

W. J. Fox--Henry, Mabel, Evelyn 

Chip Lee 

Frank Mankin 

S. F. Pheonix 

Porter Carter — Arnold, Aubra 

Ashton Pruitt 

Robert Bugg — Hubert 



93 



Some of the Sunday School Superintendents 



Eugene Hoover Silas Hoover 

Kirby McKnight Margaret McKnight 



Teachers 



Miss Mattye Baugh Pate D. F. Tribble 

Andrew Todd Marvin Hoover 

Allie McKnight Mrs. Will Maude Kelton 

Mrs. Corrine Hoover 



Organist and Song Leader 

Mrs. Marvin (Allie) Hoover, organist 
Silas Hoover, song leader 

Membership fluctuated as people moved in and out 

but in the main Mt . Olivet maintained a good congregation 

until one cool windy day in March sparks from the big 

old stove hit on the soft shingles and soon the roof was 

ablaze with no hope of extinguishing the blaze. With 

no ladder going up in the attic and one fire extinguisher, 

it was useless. The high wind kept the fire swept up 

and toward the back and we, working madly, were able to 

save most of the hand made pews, organ, pulpit, song 

books, and pulpit chairs which were stores for future use. 

We were a desolate group as we stood and watched our loved 

church tumble down. The next thing on the agenda was 

what to do. Cedar Grove Methodist invited us to their 



94 



church as did Hoover's Gap Protestant Church so each 
family went to the church nearest them and our once 
strong church was weakened by division. 

The two separate congregations at Hoover's Gap were united 
as one when the three Methodisms were unified as one also. Upon 
reconstruction of the highway in 1936 this building was 
razed and the present one erected. In June of 1936 the 
congregation moved into the new building using pews, 
organ, etc., saved from Mt. Olivet. They reorganized 
and became known as Hoover's Gap Methodist Church having 
sixty-one members. This church contributed two men to 
the Methodist ministry--Rev. Leo Parker, now in Texas 
his wife's home state, and Rev. Harry Agee who will be 
installed at Hohenwald, Tennessee this year. Both have done 
well in their ministry. 

After we had settled in^ we decided to add some 
Sunday School rooms and asked conference for help, which 
was denied. However, we built them and carried on the 
best we could, losing our young people to distant jobs. 
We were moved from Bell Springs circuit to Cedar Grove, 
without our consent. We disagreed with the district 
superintendent on several occasions and for several 
reasons. Just before Christmas 1960, we received a 
letter from District Superintendent telling us that when 
conference had met in June our church was declared 



95 



"Abandoned" and that he was sending our letters of 

membership to the church he deemed nearest us. That 

didn't qo too well and so v/e decided to remain as we 

were using lay speakers until we could do better. Some 

of our speakers were Ralph Sutton, Tommy Carter, Terry 

Spence, Bro. Baker, Eslene Macon, Virgil England, and 

0. C. Robinson. In fact Terry Spence and Virgil England 

served as regular minister for a time until in 1978 we 

persuaded 0. C. Robinson to be our preacher. He has 

been with us ever since, and his wife has taught a 

class, led in singing and helped in every way. We are 

a small hard working group seemingly not making big 

waves, but still keeping the church door open. We're 

known as Hoover's Gap Interdenominational Church and 

welcome all and sundry to worship with us. We have 

Sunday School and preaching every Sunday. 

This is a list of ministers as nearly as I can 

compile it after the church was moved from Big Spring to 

the Highway. 

John R. Reagin, Oct. 1887-1888 

R. E. Alford, 1888-1889 

J. W. Cullum, 1889-1890 

John R. Thompson, 1890-1891 

O. P. Hill, 1891-1895 

G. W. Blanton, 1895-1896 

S. M. Keathley, 1896-1897 

M. P. Wood, 1897-1898 

J. W. Cullum, 1898-1900 



G. 


W 


B. 


T 


E. 


E 


G. 


B 


S. 


D 


J. 


K 


0. 


H 


J. 


T 


R. 


H 


M. 


B 


John 


E. 


M 


A. 


L 



96 



Nackles, 1900-1901 

Smotherman, 1901-1903 

Varner, 1903-1904 

McPeak, 1904-1905 

Plant, 1905-1906 

Lee, 1906-1910 

Lane, 1910-1914 

Parsons, 1914-1916 

Skelton, 1916-1920 

Williams, 1920-1922 
John C. Crigqer, 1922-1923 

Harrell, 1923-1926 

Hodge, 1926-1931, District Superintendent 
Irvin McDonough, 1931-1932 
N. O. Allen, 1932-1935 
R. C. Moore, 1935-1939 — Havvkins 
G. Thomas Reed, 1939-1940 — Cook 
Hugh Parsons, 1940-1942 
W. L. Burden, 1942-1945 
0. N. Jones, 1946-1947 
Virgil Tipps, 1947-1950 
Allen Brown, 1951-1953 
Ralph Koolmay, 1954-1955 
Bobby Davis, 1955-1956 
Carl Felkner, 1957-1958 
Howard Haynes, 1959-1960 
Carl Cantrell, 1960-1961 
James McGlothin, 1965-1966 
Kenneth Miles, 1966-1967 
Harold Edwards, 1967-1968 
Wayne Caldwell, 1968-1969 
Donald Erickson, 1970-1971 
Virgil England, 1972-1975 
Terry Spence, 1978-1979 
0. C. Robinson, 1978-1984 

I'd like to close with J. W. Cullum's favorite little 



This is a difficult world indeed 
And the people are hard to suit. 
The man that plays the violin 
Is a bore to the man with the flute. 
And I myself have often thought 
How much better it would be. 



97 



If everyone I knew would only agree, v/ith me. 
But since they v/ill not the very best way 
To make this world look bright. 
As never to mind what people say 
But do what you think is right. 



?t 



J.W. Cullum 



98 





99 



^ jQ 
(J J3 



oa OS 




■^ — ■ > =5 



CO > l/l E 

• O +-> nD 

s: o c — • 
ic a; — ' 

• s_ — < 
> (13 n3 — H 

Qi I— .-^^ 




iOO 





Mrs. Mattye Baugh Pate 



Silas M. Hoover 




Martin Hoover 

Luke Rawling standing 



101 
MY YEARS AT LINEBAUGH PUBLIC LIBRARY 
1947 - 1962 

by 

Myla Taylor Parsons 

One day in late spring of 1947 Healer Smotherman, 
Superintendent of Rutherford County Schools, asked me if I would be 
interested in giving up teaching to do full time library work. 
He told me that there was quite a bit of interest in the community 
in regard to establishing a public library. 

The question naturally came as a shock, for I had thought 
that I would be a teacher for the rest of my working days. I 
told Dr. Smotherman that I would need time to think before I could 
give him an answer. 

For the last three years I had been the English teacher 
and librarian at Christiana High School. Previous to this time I 
lad taught in the elementary school at Christiana and in other 
schools in Rutherford County. I had taken a few courses in 
library science at Middle Tennessee State College. At the time 
Dr. Smotherman mentioned the library possibility, I was enrolled 
in library science at Peabody Library School, working toward a 
library degree. 

After thinking about the pros and cons of taking the 
library job and after discussing it with my family, I decided I 
would accept the offer. Little did I know what was ahead for me. 
At that time I didn't realize how valuable my teaching experience 
would be as background knowledge for library work. 



102 

A Statement, written by Robert Lasseter in an editorial in 
the Rutherford Courier in 1942, was undoubtedly responsible for 
the establishment of the public library. In his article Mr. 
Lasseter lamented the fact that this area was without a public 
library. 

After reading the article Mr. Henry T. Linebaugh, who, as 
a poor boy grew up in Murf reesboro, and later went to Florida and 
became wealthy in real estate, made a gift of $5,000 to the City of 
Murfreesboro toward starting a library. His only stipulation was 
that the library bear his mother's name, Mattie V. Linebaugh. 

A City Library Board was appointed, and in order to have 
Rutherford County participate in the program a County Library 
Board was also appointed, thus having a joint library board. The 
City, County, and County Board of Education cooperated with the 
state regional program in establishing Linebaugh Public Library. 
In addition to lending books to the library the Regional Library 
placed deposit stations of books in various areas of the county. 

On September 1, 1947 I assumed my duties as librarian of 
Linebaugh Public Library. The nucleus of the library was the 
Rutherford County School Circulating Library, which was housed on 
the second floor of the Rutherford County Courthouse. Previous to 
this time Mrs. Katie Lee Peyton had been responsible for checking 
out books to the county teachers. She was also the caretaker of 
the Rutherford County textbooks. My first responsibility was to 
catalog the school library books. 



103 
If we had inquired of the American Library Association in 

regard to requirements for starting a public library, we would 

have been told that we didn't have sufficient resources for 

undertaking such a task. We knew very well that we couldn't meet 

standards when it came to budget, staff, building and books. 

However, with the determination of a few dedicated people, we did 

undertake the task, and we did succeed. 

In the meantime the old Hale home on Central High School 
Campus (now Middle School) was being renovated in order to house 
the library, which moved to its new quarters the latter part 
of 1947. 

From the $5,000 Linebaugh funds the Library Board decided 
to use $2,000 for furnishings for the new quarters, and $1,500 
for books. 

After the library moved to the Central High Campus, 
Alberta Spence joined our staff as a volunteer worker. She worked 
with us for quite some time before we had the funds with which to 
pay her a small salary. We were very fortunate in having someone 
with Alberta's qualifications. She was a graduate of Middle 
Tennessee State College, an excellent typist, an avid reader, and 
a person with business experience. I shall always be grateful for 
the contribution she made to the library. 

The next important step was to prepare for a formal 
opening. Much of the renovation was done by the Rutherford County 
school maintenance personnel. Shelving, tables, and chairs were 
built by the Trade School. Shelves were painted a light blue and 



104 
lined with red. Three rooms were made ready for the opening — the 

adult reading room, the children's room^ and the conference room. 

We were especially proud of the conference room, which was 

furnished with red sofa and chairs. My sister. Carmine Jones, 

made the blue striped drapes for the windows. The circulation 

desk was in the front entrance hall, which had steps that led to 

Mrs. Peyton's apartment. Mrs. Peyton decorated the steps with her 

beautiful African violets. 

We were proud of the books we had acquired. Some were 
purchased, others were donated. With these books and the borrowed 
books from the Regional Library we were beginning to look like 
a library. 

On April 1, 1948 we had the formal opening of Linebaugh 
Public Library. Invitations were sent to organizations, schools, 
libraries, governing bodies, both local and state, as well as to 
many individuals. Mrs. W.H. Westbrooks was in charge of the 
hostesses for the occasion. They served refreshments to more than 
600 people who attended. The library received many compliments 
for its homelike atmosphere. It was decorated with many gift 
flowers, sent by clubs, schools, and individuals. The register 
showed that many important people from the surrounding areas were 
our visitors. 

We were pleased that the Linebaugh Family recognized the 
opening of Linebaugh Public Library. Mr. Lasseter received a 
congratulatory letter from Julia Linebaugh King (Mr. Henry T. 
Linebaugh's daughter) and a telegram from Henry T. Linebaugh, Jr. 
(Mr. Linebaugh, Sr. had died a few years earlier) . 



105 
The library was catching on. Much interest was being 

shown by clubs, organizations, and schools as well as by 

individuals: Beta Sigma Phi Sorority gave a picture for the 

children's room; the American Association of University Women had 

a silver tea with the proceeds going for books; Publisher, James 

G. Stahlman, gave sixty volumes of history; the Craddock Study 

Club gave nine volumes; the Stephens Music Club held a pilgrimage 

with proceeds going for books on music; the Business and 

Professional Club gave money for books. 

One of the most interesting donations made to the library 
was a map of Rutherford County (1878), showing prominent places 
and names of property owners. Mr. Otho Cannon gave the map, 
which had hung in his office in the courthouse. The State Library 
and Archives did the laminating. The map attracted much attention 
on the opening day. 

I was invited to visit clubs and organizations to give 
book reviews. I never declined the opportunity to publicize the 
library. As a result I was giving book talks and reviews rather 
frequently. I felt that was a way to sell the library. Our 
citizens had to be told again and again that they now had a 
library. Many times I was asked to explain our facilities, how 
we operated with the schools, with the Regional Library, etc. 

The library never lacked for publicity. Bob Lasseter, who 
was editor of the Rutherford Courier, did a splendid job. Hardly 
a day went by that there wasn't library publicity in the paper. 
He realized we were responsible for selling the library to our 
citizens. When I went home at night, my family would ask, "What 



106 

did Mrs. Parsons say today?" Bob would quote me on one thing or 

another concerning the library. There was no mistake about it, if 
a person read the paper, he knew we had a library. 

By the end of the year the library had grown tremendously. 
The circulation for the year was over 40,000 books, including 
circulation to schools. There were over 1000 registered 
borrowers. For a county that previously had no library these 
figures meant something. 

I was away from the library during the summer months of 
1948 to finish my work at Peabody. After I received my library 
degree, I was ready in earnest to take up where I left off. 

In the fall of 1948 we began story hour for the 
youngsters. Dr. Emily Calcott's class in children's literature at 
the college conducted this hour for several weeks. Later practice 
teachers from the training school took charge. 

One of the most interesting pieces of publicity the 
library experienced was the two page article written by 
Dr.Calcott, entitled "They Like to Read." The article was published 
in the "Tennessee Teacher". Dr. Smotherman purchased 1000 copies 
for distribution to the schools. Miss Martha Parks, Director of 
Regional Libraries, purchased 1000 copies for distribution to 
regional libraries. Miss Parks also sent copies to library 
extension workers in other states and to the American Library 
Association school and public library officers. 

In 1951 Dr. Calcott wrote an additional article, entitled 
"So you Want an All County Library", featuring Linebaugh Public 
Library. The article was published in the magazine, "The Nation's 



107 

Agriculture". As a result of the article the library received a 

complimentary letter from Mrs. Margie Malmberg, Director of 
American Library Association office. 

In May 1950 the library was fortunate in receiving a 
bequest of approximately $30,000 from Mrs. Emma Weitzel, a 
Murfreesboro native. I shall never forget the day when a library 
patron mentioned that he had heard that the library had been 
remembered in a will. You can imagine my excitement. I rushed to 
the telephone to inquire of Mr. Lasseter what he knew concerning 
the story. He had also heard the story and believed it to be 
true. $30,000 was a great deal of money to a library that had 
been operating on a "shoe string". 

In those early days the library had many distinguished 
visitors. Mrs. Frances Cheney, a professor from Peabody Library 
School, came to see us before we had our formal opening. She 
walked from up town one cold winter day. It was good to see her, 
for she gave me encouragement, which I needed. She visited again 
on our opening day. 

Dr. and Mrs. Henry T. Linebaugh, Jr. of Jacksonville, 
Florida, while on a business trip to Nashville, drove to 
Murfreesboro to see the library that his father was instrumental 
in starting. Dr. Linebaugh remarked that he could not pass up 
the opportunity. 

Mr. Henry Linebaugh, Sr.'s nieces. Miss Cathryn Trainer 
and Mrs. Anne Monahan of Overland, Missouri, made a point to stop 
overnight in Murfreesboro in order that they might visit the 
library the next day. 



108 
Dr. S. R. Ranganathan, President of the Indian Library 

Association, included Linebaugh Public Library in his visit to 

Middle Tennessee schools and libraries, 

Mr. Jack B. Spear, Public Library Supervisor of New York 
state complimented our organization. He followed his visit with 
a letter. 

Adelaide Rowell, author of "On Jordan's Stormy Banks", the 
story of Sam Davis, autographed her book when she visited 
the library. 

Nora Buest from the United States Office of Education 
remarked after visiting the library that Linebaugh Public Library 
was one of the outstanding small libraries of the South. 

Mrs. Julia Linebaugh King, daughter of Mr. Henry 
Linebaugh, and her husband. Dr. Joe E. King of Birmingham 
expressed their pleasure in seeing what had been accomplished. 
Mrs. King followed their visit with a complimentary letter. 

By this time we felt that the library was making progress. 
The citizens, for the most part, knew that Rutherford County had a 
public library. Our greatest need was more books for the shelves. 
The big question was how could we get them. We knew the budget 
would not permit very many purchases. Mr. Lasseter and I had many 
discussions concerning the matter. These discussions led to the 
beginning of our present memorial book program. Never in our 
fondest dreams did we think the program would reach the success it 
has today. The same procedure used for the first memorial book is 
still used. We are proud of the results. The program was and 
still is a success. 



I believe I am correct in saying that the library owes res 
tremendous growth to the success of the memorial program. We knew 
that books would go a long way toward answering the problem. 
A library cannot have a good circulation without those needed books 
to circulate. We can truly say, "This was the beginning of 
something big". 

The memorial book program story spread to many area of the 
country. Many libraries asked for detailed information as to the 
procedure used in beginning a similar program. We sent them a 
sample of our printed card, used to send to the family of the 
deceased, the method of selection of books, and the procedure for 
publicity, etc. We always added a note saying: the program 
entailed a great deal of work, the librarian needs to be 
professional and dedicated to the cause, and that we were fully 
convinced that the program was a "life-saver" for a small, 
struggling library. 

The time had come when the library had outgrown the 
quarters on the high school campus. The board decided to purchase 
the old Elks Club building on Spring Street. Funds from 
Mrs. Weitzel's bequest were used for this purpose. The library 
was closed for moving on August 14, 1953. 

Any kind of moving has its problems, and the moving of 
a library is no exception. I'm sure every librarian works out 
special procedures. With the assistance of Alberta Spence and my 
brother, James Taylor, we were able to get the new place in order 
for business by September 9 with open house a month later. 



mehauqh Library 




ctinii on E»st Main sl.'eesi m a buiicjm^j forrnerSy part sf the c-fd '(«r->'8«i^i-- C(^i> o« ->3- vVo'r!?o {^ ss^t 
P-^COf-fi-S show {hAt hyrcireS', of R^;h>"-fO!-ci <,Oiiniia«S are !.iSiri<; tiif- fvfOiS »y f.f-/ o -j5!?>! Mr), V ,i^ 
P <i>'i-^ Sm% a«:ry«s>:i z% hbrafian since ts? £!ps")if<g of the V>b<-».r>f. /"^-^ '''. f "'"' ^< 





Mrs. AAylo Parsons, 
top right, wos 
limebaugh's first 
librarian, I 



111 
It was good to have more room. The location of the 

library up town had its advantages. The attendance and 

circulation increased considerably. The Elks Club building lent 

itself well for our furnishings. The red sofa and chairs seemed 

to belong in front of the fireplace which held sycamore logs. Dr. 

Goodman gave a picture and brass urns with which to decorate 

the mantle. 

The garden clubs have always been friends of the library. 
They planted shrubbery in front of the building and planted petunias 
in the urns on the front porch, for which we received 
many compliments. 

The library was still being operated with a minimum amount 
of funds. It was a struggle to survive, but with the cooperation 
of city, county and Rutherford School system, the library 
continued. It's difficult to believe that the library received 
only $4,350 from the Rutherford County Court for 1953. Every year 
from the beginning representatives from the library have asked the 
court for additional funds. Without the persistence and selling 
abilities of people like Bob Lasseter, Baxter Hobgood and Tillman 
Haynes, Jr. the library would have long since closed its doors. 

In those early days there were many people who gave their 
services to the library. Harriet Haynes (Mrs. James B.) was one 
who made a contribution that will always be remembered. She 
conducted story hour during the summer months. The children 
adored her. With her rich background and her special talent, she 
could entertain the children for hours. She should have had 



10 



renumeration tor her services, but the library had no funds witn 
which to pay her. This was Harriet's way of helping the library 
get on its way. 

The library welcomed groups to use the library for exhibit 
and committee meetings. Art and historical exhibits were held 
frequently. We wanted the citizens to feel that the library 
belonged to them. Among the groups who held meetings were people 
interested in the following activities: Garden Club Pilgrimage, 
Charity Circle Chorus, fashion shows. Delta Kappa Gamma Teacher 
Society, League of Women Voters, Symphony Concert, D.A.R., 
U.D.C. and others. 

Many people have valuable books in home libraries. After 
many years they may decide to either discard or give their books 
to a library. I was invited to examine several collections. 
Some of our most valuable books came from this source. In a 
community with the cultural background that Murfreesboro has, you 
will find many a gem in someone's attic. In those early days we 
could not afford to turn down these offers. A library that has an 
adequate budget may not afford the time it takes for such an 
undertaking. There are many books in these collections that the 
library cannot use, but in many instances valuable books are 
discovered. Some of the books in the Tennessee Room came from 
this source. For example, books by the following authors were 
located: Mary Noailles Murfree, Will Allan Dromgoole, Andrew 
Lytle, etc. Valuable books on the Civil War period were found. 
It was good to find one of Ed Bell's books, "Fish on the Steeple" 



11 



113 




ELKS CLUB BUILDING 




(out of print) in someone's discarded collection. Later I found14 
other copies of Ed's "Fish on the Steeple" and his "Tommy 
Lee Feathers". 

I am indebted to my brother, James Taylor (deceased), in 
assisting me in checking the above books. We did this work at 
night after working hours. His ability as a history teacher was 
very helpful. 

Publicity continued to be of most importance to the growth 
of the library. Without question the local newspaper contributed 
a great deal. One of our first bits of advertising was the 
placing in bold type on the front page of the paper, usually in 
the lower corner, the question, "Have You Read?" Under the 
question was the name of the book - a different book each day. 
This device caught on rapidly. Ethel Womack volunteered a column, 
"It Seems to Me". Later Lady Brown wrote a column, 
"At Linebaugh". These two writers not only listed and discussed 
interesting books, but they also informed patrons as to what was 
going on at the library. There could not have been better 
publicity than the frequent listing of memorial books, with name 
of book given, name of donor, and name of person for whom the 
book was given. 

The library was not air-conditioned in those days. 
A group of patrons organized a "Library Auxiliary". The first 
project was to air-condition the library. Mrs. L.A. Slaten 

(deceased) was chairman, and Mrs. Cornelia Davidson was treasurer. 

The library was air-conditioned in July 1957. 



12 



On April 1, 1958 it was time for a ten year anniversary. 
The library had come a long way. These had been years of 
struggle. The important result was that the library had survived. 
The budget was now a little more than $10,000. 

For ten years Smyrna Community had a deposit station for 
books, administered by the State Regional Library. The community 
decided they needed more than a deposit station. The Library 
Board agreed. Katherine Haynes Walkup (Mrs. William T.) was an 
important force behind this project. Katherine, a former 
librarian, and native of Smyrna understood the needs of the area. 
After making necessary agreements and arrangements with the 
governing bodies involved, it was decided that Smyrna would become 
a branch library of the Linebaugh Public Library system. With a 
few of Linebaugh's books and the Regional Library's books a 
library was started, housed in an old residence. 

Mrs. Jimmie Webster was the first librarian, with Mrs. Mary Carter 
as the assistant. 

After a short while Smyrna Public Library had open house. 
The community was most enthusiastic. Many of the citizens came by 
to show their appreciation. Mr. and Mrs. Brainerd Cheney, 
residents of Smyrna, presented several books on the occasion. 

By 1960 the library was outgrowing its quarters. When we 
moved to the Elks Club building, we thought we had space for many 
a day, but how mistaken we were. 

In the meantime the Post Office building on College Street 
had been vacated for a new building on West Main. Bob Lasseter, 
always alert when it came to the needs of the library, suggested 
to the board that it might be possible to obtain the building for 



115 



13 



116 



the library. As a result contacts and correspondence began with 
members of Congress and other influential people. This work was 
not in vain, for in 1961 the General Service Administration gave 
the building to the area to be used for a library. 

I shall never forget the day when Bob and I went over to 
the Post Office building to survey the possibilities. Previously 
I had seen only the entrance portion of the building in front of 
the service counters. How surprised I was to see the amount of 
space available. My dreams began. I was late going to sleep that 
night, for I was thinking about all the possibilities. 

Remodeling began shortly. The board gave me permission to 
purchase furnishings for the new quarters - shelving, tables, card 
catalog, etc. It was quite interesting to plan for the different 
areas - reading rooms, children's department, stacks, etc. John 
Carter, Remington Rand's representative^ had many sessions with me. 

For quite some time I had been anxious to change our 
circulation system. We had outgrown the procedure we were using. 
Syd Shinn, the Regional Librarian at that time, and I visited many 
libraries throughout the state, observing the various systems. AS 
a result we decided to use the library card system - an individual 
card for each patron. This system was installed shortly after the 
library opened for business at its new location. 

When I began the project at the Post Office, I had no idea 
that in a short time I would be leaving the library. When one has 
given himself to his work as I had at Linebaugh, he is not aware 



14 



. . . ... 117 

when he is over-extending himself. On visiting my doctor I was 

told that I needed to make my work day shorter. When there was so 

much to be done, I couldn't see how I could heed the advice. 

At this time there was a vacancy in the reference 
department at Middle Tennessee State College. After much careful 
consideration and after many talks with my family, I decided I 
would resign at Linebaugh and take the job at the college. 

Linebaugh Public Library had become an important part of 
my life. Could I give it up? Yes, I must for my best welfare. 
I rationalized that I was leaving a library that was well on its 
way. It was considered by authorities to be an excellent small 
library, with a memorial book program that had not been equalled. 

I resigned from Linebaugh Public Library on June 30, to 
begin work at Middle Tennessee State College Library on July 1, 
1962. A few days before I left the library, the Board gave a 
lovely dinner in my honor at the Student Union Building on MTSC 
campus. They presented me a charm bracelet, depicting the facets 
of the Linebaugh Public Library program. When I accepted the 
bracelet, I made this remark, "Linebaugh will always be an 
important part of my life." 

Mrs. Briley Adcock, who was finishing her library training 
at Peabody was employed as the new librarian. Alberta Spence, my 
assistant, would be the acting librarian during the interim. 

When the college library closed between quarters, I came 
back to Linebaugh to assist in the new registration and install 
the new card system. 



15 



118 
Linebaugh Public Library had four homes while I was 

librarian. The library was moved from the Courthouse in 1947 to 

the Old Hale home on Central High Campus, to the Elks Club 

building in 1953, and finally to the Post Office building where it 

has been since 1962. It is still growing, and at the present time 

needs additional space. 

I have never regretted that I told Bealer Smotherman on 

that day in 1947 that I would be the librarian for Linebaugh 

Public Library. In spite of all the vicissitudes that came our 

way, I enjoyed it all. At the end of my work I felt that we had 

accomplished something for which the community was proud. 

There were many people who gave me much assistance and 

moral support. I must say, "Thank you" to the following: 

Bob Lasseter, whose optimism gave me the courage to carry on. 

Tillman Haynes, Jr., whose kind words of appreciation, I shall 
never forget. 

Baxter Hobgood, who made me feel that I was a good librarian. 

James W. Taylor (Bill), my brother, who helped me when I 
couldn't help myself. 

Alberta Spence, whose untiring efforts helped us put the 
library on "its feet". 

Bealer Smotherman, who was the first to ask me to be librarian. 

Mrs. Katie Lee Peyton, who gave all she had to the library's 
early efforts. 

My daughter. Fay, who knew I was at the library if she didn't 
see me at home. 

Other members of my family, who took care of Fay while I was 
taking care of the library. 

AND 

All the citizens of Nurfreesboro and Rutherford County, who 

believed in me and encouraged me to believe in myself. 

16 



INDEX 



119 



Abernathy, J.I. 

Adams, Julia A. 

Adcock, Briley 

Agee, Harry 

Akerman, William 

Alexander, James M. 

Alford, R.E. 

Allen, Mrs. 
Dr. 
N.O. 

Allman, Bettye Mai 
Pauline 
M/M Tom 

Anadell 

Armstrong, Betania 
John B. 
Laura Maria 
LaVanda 
M?ry Readv 
Susan A. 
Thomas Temple 

Army of Cumberland 

Army of Tennessee 

Atlanta, GA 

Avent, Mrs. James 



Babb, Mrs. 

Baird, Belle 

Baker 

Baskette, Mrs. Forrest 

Battle of Stones River 

Baugh, Mattie 
Baugh, Zehra 
Bauhof, C.B. 

Bear, Richard 
Beesley, Jesse 
Bell, Ed 
Biggers, Dovie 
Bilbro, Mrs. W.C. 
Black, Mrs. J.B. 
Blanton, G.W. 
Booker Smith Bookstore 
Bragg, Braxton 
Brown, Allen 

Hubert 

Lady 

Mrs. Mai horn 
Sarah 
Sarah H. 



67 






Broyles, Jim 


92 


47 






Buest, Nora 


108 


117 






Bugg, Robert 


92 


94 






Burden, W.L. 


96 


25 






Burkely, Isabella C. 


79,82 


82 






Burrus, Cassandra 


82 


95 






Elizabeth 


82 


91 






Fletcher 


67 


92 






Fletcher R. 


82 


96 






Francis Marion 


32 


92 






Joseph C. 


82 


91 






Lafayette 


79,82 


92 






Lafayette, Jr. 


82 


58 






Lucien B. 


82 


84 






Lucy 


82 


80,83 


,84 




Martha A. 


82 


84 






Ophelia Maria 


82 


83 






Robert A. 


82 


83 






Sophia Emma 


82 


84 






William L. 


82 


83 






Butler, Mrs. Jim 


63 


1,2, 


15, 


16 


Mrs. John 


63 


3 






Burnett, Mrs. George 


63 


26 










63 






C 

Calcott, Emily 
Caldwell, Wayne 


106 
96 


62 






Camp Chase 


4,19,20,23 


62 






Cannon, Otho 


105 


95 






Canton, Ohio 


7,17,20,32 


63 








34,39.42 


1,10 


,16 


,45 


Cantrell, Carl 


96 


63 






Carter, Arnold 


92 


98 






Aubra 


92 


98 






John 


116 


9,11, 


,12, 


,13 


Mary 


115 


14,16, 


M: 


,19 


Porter 


92 


48 






Tommy 


95 


63 






Cason, Mrs. George 


63 


112 






Cawthen, Mrs. Charles 


63 


92 






Central High School 


103 


63 






Cheatham, William 


81 


60,70, 


,71, 


,72 


Cheney, Francis 


107,115 


95 






Chicago Symphony 


55 


48 

1 






Christiana, TN 
Cincinnati, Ohio 


34,35,38,43 
4,9,20,23 


96 






Clayton, Emma 


56,62,63 


92 






Cleveland, Ohio 


3,9,14,33 


59,60, 


61, 


71 




43 


114 






Collier, Mrs. Carmine 


63 


53.63 






Mrs. Ingram B. 


81 


80 
80 






Couey, L.H. 


85 






Covington, Mrs. C. 


63 



Covington, Mrs. L.L. 
Covington, KY 
Cox, Mrs. Charles 

Mrs. John 
Craddock, Charles E. 
Cranor, Mrs. George 
Crichlow, Collier 

Helen M. 

James H. 

N.C. 
Cristman, Jimmy 
Crowe, M.B. 
Cullum, J.T. 
Cumberland River 
Cushman, LA 



D 



Dann, Mrs. Lester 
Darrom, Mrs. George 
Davidson, Cornelia 
Davis, Bobby 
Effie 
Jefferson 
Willis 
Deuble, J. 
Dewey, John 
Dill 

Donaho, William 
Drake, Alexander 
Dromgoole, Will Allen 
Dulaney, Elizabeth 
Dutton, Miss 



Eakin, Lovie 
Earthman, Mrs. E.B. 
Mrs. W.B. 
Edwards, Harold 
Elam, Mrs. Tom 
Elder, Ivy 
Elliot, Miss J. A. 
Mrs. W.Y. 
England, Virgil 
Epps, Mary 
Erickson, Donald 



Felkner, Carl 
Fletcher, Mrs. Jim 
Forrest, Nathan Bedford 
Fowler, Mrs. J.F. 
Kate 



63 

4, 23,24 
63 
63 
48 
63 
67 
67 
67 
67 
92 
85 

86,87,95 
14 
81 



63 
63 
114 
96 
96 
40 
96 
38 
57 
62 
80,84 

5 
48,112 
75 
63 



62 

51 

63 

96 

63 

71 

62 

62 

95,96 

91 

96 



96 

63 

32,33,41,42 

49 

48,49,59,62 

71 



120 



Fox, Evelyn. . 

Mrs. H.L. 

Henry 

Joseph C. 

Mrs. Lee 

Mabel 

W.J. 

W.I. 

Mrs. Walter 
Fuchs, Casper 



Garrett, Jill K. 
Gebers, Mrs. Hans 
Gilbert, Mrs. Fred 
GiUentine, Mrs. L.S. 
Giltner, Mrs. G.B. 
Goldstein, Mrs. David 
Goodman 

Grant, Ulysses S. 
Gresham, Mrs. Will 



H 



Hale, Mrs. Water 

Mrs. Lura 
Hall, Mary 

Minta C. 
Hancock, Benjamin 
Carrie 

Erasmus Darvin 
Essie 
Harriett 
John 
Mary 
Harbord, Jefferson 
Hare, Martha 

Sallie Enoch 
Harrell, E.M. 
Haskell, Ellen Virginia 
Joshua 
Maria Jane 
Martha Lucinda 
Mary Ann 
William T. 
Hatchet, Aileen McKee 
Hayes, Luther 
Haynes, Harriet 
Howard 
Mrs. J.M. 
Lizzie Hayes 
Miriam 
Murphy 



92 
50 

92 

12,29,40 

63 

91,92 

92 

99 

49 

12,14,15 

16,19,34 

36 



85 
63 
63 
63 
63 
63 
111 

24,25,39 
63 



63 
63 
85 
83 

79,81 
62 
81 
63 
81 
81 
81 
58 
83 
83 
96 
80 

79,80 
80 
80 
80 
80 
91 
92 
111 
96 

51,52,67 
92 
52 
92 



121 



Haynes, Tillman Jr. 


111,118 


J 




Tommye Lee 


92 






Hazen, William B. 


10,11 


Jackson, Andrew 


77 


Hazen Brigade Monument 


10 


Mrs. E. 


59,71 


Henderson, C.C. 


85 


Helen Hunt 


47 


Hendricks, Edwards 


92 


Jetton, Albert 


84 


Mary Lou 


91 


Rebecca 


68,70,72 


O.B. 


91 


Jones, Carmine 


104 


Willie 


92 


Mrs. E.H. 


63 


Hill, O.P. 


95 


Enoch 


79 


Hirt, Jacob 


27 


O.N. 


96 


Hobgood, Baxter 


111,118 


R.L. 


63 


Hodge, A.L. 


96 


Jordan, Leland 


81 


Holmes, Charles 


83 


Mattie 


63 


David Edwin 


83,85 


Munford 


67 


James 


79,83 






John 


83 


K 




Lucinda 


83 






Mary 


83 


Kanady, James 


25 


Robert 


83 


Kar, Catherine 


75 


Samuel 


83 


Keathley, S.M. 


95 


Will iam Francis 


83 


Kefer, Louise 


27 


Hood, John B. 


32,37,41,42 


Kelton, Will 


92 


Hooper, Mrs. Ed 


63 


Mrs. Will Maude 


93 


Hoover, Ada 


92 


Kerr, Mrs. H.H. 


63 


Allice 


92 


King, Mrs. Albert 


63 


Allie McKnight 


92,93 


Joe E. 


108 


Annie 


91 


Julia Linebaugh 


104,108 


Corrine 


92,93 


Koolman, Ralph 


96 


Eugene 


92,93 






Eunice 


92 


L 




Eve 


92 




Forney 


92 


Lane, O.H. 


96,98 


Harvey 


92. 


Lassiter, Robert 


102,104,105 


Ida Lee 


92 




106,107,108 


Irene 


91,92 




111,115,116 


Joe 


92 




118 


John Henry 


92 


LaVergne, TN 


36 


LeGrand 


92 


Leach, Mrs. Rae 


63 


Marlin 


92 


Ledbetter, Addie 


49,62 


Marvin 


92,93 


Mrs. D.L. 


63 


Mary 


92 


Lee, Bob 


92 


Mattie Lou 


92 


J.K. 


96 


Nettye Lou 


92 


Robert E. 


41,42 


Palmer 


92 


Library Association 


50 


Silas M. 


92,93 


Licker, Mrs. Sam 


63 


Travis 


92 


Lincoln, Abraham 


25,33,34 


Hoover Gap Methodist Church 


86,94 




41,42 


Howse, Mrs. George 


63 


Mary Todd 


26,27 


George W. 


82 


Linebaugh, Henry T., Sr. 


102,104 


Huggins, Mrs. Camillas 


63 


Henry T. , Jr. 


104,107 


Mrs. Jesse 


63 


Mattie V. 


102 


Hughes, Mary B. 


85 


Louisville & Nashville R.R. 
Louisville, KY 


2 
1 


I 




Love, Mrs. Clifford 


63 






Lucy 


4 


Insell, Sam 


92 


Lynch, Bob 


92 


Ivie, Mrs. Tom 


63 


Lytle, Andrew 


112 



122 



Lytle, Mrs. Eph 
F.H. 

Mrs. R.L. 
William 



Mc 



McAdoo, Miss Edgar 
McClain, Mrs. A.H.J. 

Iris H. 
McCullock, P.D. 
McDonough, Irvin 
McGlothin, James 
McKee, Sue 
McKnight, Alexander 

Allie 

Annie 

Mrs. E.G. 

Elmer 

John 

Kirby 

Lula 

Margaret 
McLemore, Thenie 
McPeak, G.B. 
McReady 
Macreadie 

M 

Macon, Dave 

Eslene 
Malmberg, Margie 
Mansfield, Mortimer 
Mankin, Frank 
Manson, Mrs. J.E. 

Mrs. Will 
Marshall, Mrs. J.K. 
Martin, Andrew B. 

James 
Mason, Robert L. 
Masonic Building 
Massillon, OH 
Maugan, Mrs. D.L. 
Maxwell, Mattye Hayes 
Maysville, KY 
Meuller 
Meyers, R. 
Miles, Kenneth 
Miller, Daniel C. 



Jacob 
Mrs. P.R. 



63 






Mims, Edwin 


58 


82 






Mitchell, Mrs. Sam 


63 


63 






Monaham, Annie 


107 


77 






Moore, R.C. 

Thurman 
Morgan, John Hunt 
Morns, Mrs. W.A. 


96 
98 
81 
63 


63 






Morton, James 


2 


63 






Mt. Olivet Methodist Church 


86,87,98 


85 






Muirhead, Maggie 


62 


82 






Murfree. 


62 


96 






Mrs. Bettie 


63 


96 






Fannie Dickson 


81 


91 






James Brickell 


84 


77 






Janie 


62 


92,93 






Mrs. Matt 


63 


89 






Mrs. Mary N. 


48,57,59 


63 








71,112 


92 






Murfreesboro, TN 


1,2,3,4,5 


92,99 








6,14,15,18 


92,93 








23,30,31,33 


83 








36.44,47,53 


92,93 








57,77,102,107 


49 






"Murfreesboro News" 


78 


96 










75 






N 




75 






Nackles, G.W. 

Nashville & Chattanooga R.R. 

Nashville, TN 


96 
4 
13,14,31,36 


91 








41 


95 






Nelson, Cora B. 


63,71 


107 






Mrs. John 


62,63 


25 






Lorena 


62,63 


92 






Mary 


63 


63 






Nuckols, Florence 


49,62 


63 










63 











81 










83 






O'Brien, Annie, 


92 


85 






Johnnie Hugh 


92 


51 






Mattye Ida Hoover 


91 


4,5 






Virginia 


92 


63 






Willie 


92 


92 






Willie Mae 


91 


4 






Ohio Volunteer Infantry 


3,4,5,6 


3 






Osborne, John 


67 


39 






Overall, Mrs. Marcy 


63 


96 










3,4,5 


i,1C 


),12 


P 




13,14, 


,17, 


,18 






19,21, 


,22, 


,24 


Palmer, Caroline 


76,79 


39,44 






Joseph 


82 


19,20, 


,23. 


.32 


Mary 


76,80 


37,39. 


,42, 


,45 


William 


76 


63 






Parker, Leo 


94 



123 



Parks, Martha 
Parsons, Fay 

Hugh 

J.T. 

Myla Taylor 
Partee, Mrs. C.F. 
Pate, Mattye Baugh 
Molly Baugh 
Perkins, Mrs. D.P. 
Peyton 

Katie Lee 
Phenonlx, S.F. 
Pheonix 

Pioneer Brigade 
Pittard, Homer 
Plant, S.D. 
"Play" 

Poff, Mrs. Kelly 
Pointer, Hattle 
Polk, James K. 
Ponsell, Camilla 
Porter, William 
Potter, Mrs. Tom 
Powell, Margaret 
Price, Andrew 
Pruitt, Ashton 



Ragland, Mrs. Charles 

"Ramona" 

Ranganathan, S.R. 

Ransom, Mrs. James 
John Crowe 
Mrs. W.A. 

Rather, Mrs. J.T. 
J.T. 

Rathers, Mary 

Ray, Worth S. 

Ready, Aaron 
Alice 
Anna 
Baron 
Bryan 
Caroline 
Catherine 
Charles Edmond 
Charles, Jr. 
Charles, Sr. 

Eliza 

Ella 

Horace 

Jane Campbell 

Joseph Strong 

Lucinda 



106 


Ready, Martha 0. 


118 


Mary 


96 


Mary Palmer 


96 


Nancy 


101 


Susanna Marie 


63 


William 


93 


Readyville 


88,100 


Reagin, John R. 


63 


Reed, G. Thomas 


104 


Richardson, Mrs. J.E. 


102,118 


Richmond, VA 


98 


Rion, Mrs. Ed 


92 


Roberts, Cora 


2 


R.B. 


4 


Robinson, O.C. 


96 


Mrs. W.D. 


71 


Rogers, Mrs. Edgar 


63 


Rosecrans, William S. 


82 


Ross 


77 


Rousseau 


55 


Rowel 1, Adelaide 


80 


Rutherford County 


63 




91 


Rutherford Courier 


92 




92 


Rutherford, Griffith 
5 
Sanders, Samuel Richard 


63 


47 


Searcy, Robert 


108 


Sebrew, George W. 


63 


Seward 


47,58 


Shacklett, Mrs. Arthur 


50 


Shelbyville, TN 


63 


Sherman, W.T. 


62 




63 


Shinn, Syd 


85 


Sims, Carlton 


79,81,82 


Jerusa 


81 


Skelton, R.H. 


63 


Slaten, L.A. 


75 


Smith, Mrs. Dewitt 


75 


Mrs. F. 


76,81 


Fred 


82 


Mrs. Frederick 


81 


Mrs. G.S. 


79,81 


Mrs. Gent 


75,76,78,80 


Pearl Marlin 


82,85 


Smotherman, B.T. 


79,82 


Bealer 


81 


Mrs. Fletcher 


81 


Rose 


80.84 


Smyrna Public Library 


81 


Snell, Mary Price 


79.83 


Spain, Mrs. Foster 



81 

79.81,82,83 

80 

76,79,80 

80,83 

79,80 

77 

95 

96 

63 

37,39 

63 

63 

63 

95,96 

62 

63 
1,2,3 

62 

9 

108 

50,58,77,86 
101 

59,72,102 
105 

76 



67 

80 

91,98 

42 

64 

17 

24,25,26,27 

32,39 
116 

85 

82 

96 
114 

49,50,62,64 

62 

22 

64 

49 

63 

91 

96 
101,106,118 

63 

92 
115 

91 

64 



124 



Spear, Jack B. 


108 


Vickers Drugstore 


49,51 


Spence 


84 


Vsaye, Eugene 


55 


Alberta 


103,109,117 








118 


W 




Mrs. S.E. 


49 






Sarah 


64 


Wade, Fannie 


62 


Terry 


95,96 


Sallie 


83 


Stacey, Ray 


75 


Walkup, Katherine 


115 


Stahlman, James G. 


105 


Warren, Robert P. 


58 
62 


Steindal, Bruno 


55 


Weakley, Susie 


Stem 


92 


Webb, Hall 


91 


Stewart 


81 


Jim 


92 


Stewart Creek 


17,18,28 


Kirk 


92 


Stimmel, Martin 


30 


Margaret 


91 


Stockard, Mrs. J.W. 


64 


Smith 


91 


Stoneman 


40,41 


Tom 


99 


Strong, Martha 


79,81 


Webster, Jimmie 


3^ 

115 


Suffrage League 


50,51 


Weisse, Mrs. Aaron 


64 


Sutton, Ralph 


95 


Weitzel, Emma 


107,109 






Wendel, Currier 


49.62 


T 




Mrs. William 


62 






Wesley, John 


86 


Talley, Ada Juliette 


84 


Westbrooks, W.H. 


104 


D.H. 


84 


Wharton, Mrs. A.D. 


64 


Edwin 
Emma J. 


84 
84 


Wheeler, Joseph 


28,29,31,32 
35 


" Francis 


84 


White, E.B. 


92 


Leslie 


84 


Elizabeth 


91 


Mary 


84 


Mrs. Frank 


64 


Peter Coleman 


80,84 


Frankie 


56,64 


Walter 


84 


Lillie 


91 


Tate, Allen 


58 


Williams, Mrs. H.H. 


64 


Tatum, Mrs. E.H. 


64 


Ida Todd 


98 


Tavenner, Mrs. Eugene 


64 


Ida Hoover 


91,99 


Taylor, James 


109,114,118 


Mrs. J.R. 


64 


Tennessee College 


55 


Mrs. John 


64 


Tennessee State Library 


56 


John Mark 


91,99 


Thomas 


32 


M.B. 


96,99 


Thompson, John R. 


95 


Williamson, W.H. 


81 


Tipps, Virgil 


96 


Wilmington, DEL 


37 


Todd, Mrs. Andy 


64 


Wilson, Mrs. J.T.B. 


62 


Andrew 


93 


Womack, Ethel 


114 


Trainer, Cathryn 


107 


Woman's Club 


50,51,52,53 


Tribble, D.F. 


93 




54,55,56,58 


Tullahoma, TN 


33 




67,68,70,71 
72,73 


U 




Woman's Club Building 


67 






Wood, Fannie 


83 


United Daughters Confederacy 


50,57 


M.P. 


95 






Woods, Lizzie 


62 


V 




Wright, . .■.: . 


■4 






•; ! ^, Mrs. J.J. 


64 


VanBuren, Martin 


77 






Varner, E.E. 


96 






Vickers, Mrs. R.W. 


49,50,51.52 
59,61,62,64 
71,72 







125 



Young, Ada 
Youree, Mrs. 



71,72 
64 



Zol licoffer 



28,29 



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M T S U LIBRARY 



3 3082 00527 4534 

976.857 
R951p 
no. 26 



36 -03 125 



AUTHOR 






Ruther 


ford 


County historical 


TITLE 






sjcie 


ty. 





LIBRARY 

MIDDLE TENNESSEE STATE UNIVERSITY 

MURFREESBORO. TENNESSEE