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UNIVERSmy 

PENNSYIVi^NIA. 

UBRARIES 





(5^R, tS^'c^^^L..^^^, 



^be 






PROCEEDINGS AND ADDRESSES 



AT 



BETHLEHEM, OCT. i6, 1895. 



Vol. VI. 



PUBLISHED BY THE SOCIETY. 
1896. 






\ 



(ONLY 350 COPIES PRINTED.) 




READING TIMES PRINT, 
READING, PA. 



INDEX. 

PAGE. 

Minutes of Meeting at Bethlehem, 5 

Rt. Rev. J. Mortimer Levering' s Address of Welcome, . . 6 

Annual Address, by Judge Pennypacker, 8 

Secretary Richards's Report, I4 

Election of Officers, 20 

Rev. Dr. Thos. Conrad Porter's Address, 22 

Rev. Dr. F, J. F. Schantz's Poem, 3^ 

The Banquet, 42 

Sketch of The Old Sun Inn, by Rev. W. C. Reichel, . . 44 

Address of Rev. Prof. M. H. Richards, D. D. , ^6 

Address of Lee L. Grumbine, Esq. , 82 

Address of Prof. Oscar L. Kuhns, 98 

Address of Rev. Paul de Schweinitz, 103 

Address of Rev. Dr. F. J. F. Schantz, m 

In Memoriam, ^21 

Officers of the Society, 130 

Surviving Members ^31 

Biographical Sketches H^ 

The Trappe Records, ( Julius F. Sachse) i59 

Birth and Baptismal Register of Trinity Lutheran Church, 

Lancaster, (concluded) 251 



REPORT OF THE PROCEEDINGS 

OF THE 

PENNSYLVANIA-GERMAN SOCIETY, 

AT ITS 

FirXH ANNIIAI5 AnCTmCi 

HELD AT BETHLEHEM, PA., 
OH WEDNESD/W, OCTOBER 16, 1895. 



Prior to the regular meeting of the Society, the 
Executive Committee met for the transaction of its 
current business. 

Morning Session. 

The Fifth Annual Meeting of the Society was held 
in the rooms of the Young Women's Christian Asso- 
ciation, in the Myers Building, south Main street, 
Bethlehem, Pa., on Wednesday, October 16, 1895, 
and was called to order at 10.15 o'clock, a. m., by the 
President, Hon. Sam'l W. Pennypacker, LL. D. 

The Rev. George C. Heckman, D. D., LL. D., of 
Reading, Pa., opened the exercises with a suitable 
and eloquent prayer. 



6 The Peiinsyhama-German Society. 

The President then gracefully introduced Bishop 
J. Mortimer Levering, of Bethlehem, Pa., who made 
the address of welcome. 

ADDRESS OF WELCOME BY RT. REV. J. MORTIMER 

LEVERING. 

Mr. President and Gentlemen of the Pennsylvania- 
German Society : 

It affords me pleasure to speak a formal word of 
welcome in the name of the members of the organi- 
zation living here and of the people of this town. 
Bethlehem is not given to boasting. It is not one of 
the traditions of the place. Pardon me if I refer briefly 
to traditions which entitle it to respect. Its people 
think of it as one of the choicest regions in the do- 
main of Penn. The principles and practices of the 
people who built up a well organized centre of busi- 
ness, education and religion, were strikingly averse to 
all kinds of opposition! and strife, and in harmony 
with the views of the Great Founder in dealing with 
the aborigines and with all men. They were inspired 
with His motives, and their avowed purpose was to 
propagate the philanthropic objects He had in view. 

Bethlehem, from the beginning and continuously, 
lived, labored, and pleaded for those advanced stand- 
ards of Christian civilization which William Penn 
set up. Bethlehem was founded and established 
with clear aims, distinct ideas, and a settled plan, 
and this is why this early settlement attracted so 
much attention. Alen found in ten years a complete 
and well ordered town. The standstill which is 



Address of Welcome. 7 

spoken of by many people set in under the regime of 
a later period. In the early days there was progress 
here beyond anything in this vicinity. The aims of 
this joint activity were in accordance with the ideas 
of the founder of Pennsylvania. It would require 
long search to find another town where the people on 
the first day began to write their history, and keep a 
record of their doings from the very first, and did this 
for 153 years, so that we have a complete chronicle 
without a break. 

Mr. President and gentlemen, I welcome you to a 
town in which local and neighborhood history are of 
extreme interest. For 120 years that history was 
written in the German language. These records are 
not written in Pennsylvania-German, but in what the 
people called Herrnhuter German, or pure German. 
The significance of this fact lies in this : in all that 
made Bethlehem conspicuous in the best sense— from 
the beginning to the end — we see the product of Ger- 
man influence, energy, and piety. [Applause.] 
People were here from England, Scotland, Wales, 
Scandinavia, France, The Netherlands, as well as 
from Germany. It was a cosmopolitan settlement. 
The master mind and master builder were German. 
I beg to commend the doings, the struggles of the 
men and women of the olden times as constituting no 
mean part of what the German citizens of Penn- 
sylvania have done for her strength, her prosperity, 
and her glory. [Great applause.] 

Extracts from the annual address delivered by the 
President, Hon. Samuel W. Pennypacker, LL. D. 



8 The Pennsylvania-German Society. 

JUDGE PENNYPACKER'S ADDRESS. 

Gentlemen of the Pennsylvania-German Society : 

I find myself very advantageously situated this 
morning. No doubt it was my duty as President to 
have prepared a written address. My time was much 
occupied with official duties, and in order to be 
here I adjourned my court. I have therefore no 
written address. I heard only a few minutes ago that 
no stenographer could be found to take down the re- 
marks to be made this morning. I am therefore at 
liberty to say just what I choose, without the danger 
of appearing in print. 

As institutions, like individuals, approach maturity, 
they naturally become reminiscent. This institution 
is now 4 years, 6 months and i day old. It is time 
to look at what we have accomplished. The member- 
ship is increasing in a healthful manner. The future 
will show that it has a strong and vigorous growth. 
Our influence is on the increase. The publications 
issued by the Society, due to the work of our efficient 
Secretary, are excellent, and contain as much if not 
more of real historical interest than those published by 
other similar societies. We meet in a town which can 
be regarded as typical of the German settlements in 
Pennsylvania — a settlement made entirely for re- 
ligious purposes. A theological sentiment which 
struggled against oppression in Europe finally found 
a resting place, most fittingly, along the banks of the 
Lehigh. The men at the head were men of standing 
and position in Europe. No less a man than Benja- 



Annual Address. 9 

min Franklin, himself without any remarkable line- 
age or early training, said of the Germans that they 
were a set of boors, and within a few years a learned 
theologian of Philadelphia, printed a book of history 
in which he stated that the Germans of Pennsylvania, 
were, as a mass, bigoted and ignorant. 

I know of two noblemen, whose lineage was known 
for hundreds of years, who came to Pennsylvania, and 
only two : Baron Stiegel, of Lancaster, and Count 
Zinzendorf, of Bethlehem. Within six days after the 
Count had reached America, he wrote and published a 
book of hymns. It is the first literary outcome of 
Bethlehem. This book is so scarce that even the 
Pennsylvania Historical Society does not own a copy. 
I have it here. Its name is " Hirten Lieder, von 
Bethlehem," printed by C. Saur, 1742. 



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Annual Address. 1 1 



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In 1 798, James Hardy prepared four copious vol- 
umes of a " Geography of the World." This tribute 
he pays to the Moravians in Pennsylvania : 

" The schools for young men and women at Naza- 
reth and Bethlehem are of the highest character of 
any in America." 

Something has been said of the relations of the 
Moravians to the Indians. All we know of the 
Indians and their language is derived from informa- 
tion furnished by the Moravian missionaries. 

Perhaps I ought to say a word in regard to the 
cause we represent, the German race in Pennsylvania. 



12 The Pennsylvania-German Society. 

The Germans were the originators of the ideas 
which led to the settlement of Pennsylvania. Wil- 
liam Penn was a convert, George Fox, a learner. The 
priesthood had control of the state. The thought of 
the doctrine of the inner light was that each man 
had within himself a test of truth. It was the asser- 
tion of his manhood and independence of ecclesias- 
tical authority and was worked out in Germany. 
Over in Lancaster county, the Herrs and Brubakers, 
who are descendants of the Mennonites in Mont- 
gomery county, and the Heydrichs and Heebners, 
descendants of the Schwenkfelders, represent in their 
ancestry the very men who originated this idea and 
carried it to England, to Fox and Penn, and brought 
it to Pennsylvania. 

Whenlthe Pennsylvania-German arrived here, what 
was his work ? Perhaps the most important events 
which have ever occurred in America, certainly the 
greatest calls upon the heroism of Americans, are 
gathered about the struggle with the institution of 
slavery. In German town in 1688, four Germans 
presented a protest to the government against it. 

I will read an extract from a book of poems by 
Whittier, relative to the message of Gov. Ritner, of 
Pennsylvania, to the legislature, on the subject of 
slavery, which asserts that Gov. Ritner, alone, of all 
the governors of the Union, met the menaces of the 
south in a manner becoming a freeman. The poem 
of Whittier begins as follows : 



Annual Address. 13 

" Thank God for the token, 
One lip is still free, 
One spirit untrammeled, 
Unbending one knee." 

And that prophecy was well maintained. When 
the war came the first men to reach Washington were 
Pennsylvania-Germans from Reading, Allentown and 

Pottsville. 

One further thought : Pennsylvania in one aspect 
differed materially from all the other colonies. 

It is a universal truth, shown by investigation of 
all nature in botany and zoology and natural history, 
that when a type becomes fixed it is incapable of 
further development, and is on the way to destruction. 
Activity, physical, moral and mental, is produced 
by the crossing of allied stocks. Look at the history 
of the world and see whence came the forces which 
produced the advancement of civilization. The first 
occurred along the Nile, which overflowed and made 
the land fertile. Different tribes settled there and, 
blending together, there came a civilization the great- 
est in the world at the time. In Greece there were 
facilities for commerce and numerous tribes flocked 
to its shores. 

In Italy we are told that a colony of Trojans went 
there and found the Etruscans and Sabines and others, 
among whom they intermarried. 

In England we have the brightest example of mod- 
ern human energy, a people, the descendants of the 
Celts and Normans, Anglo-Saxons, Danes, and other 

What fortune did for these states, philanthropy did 
for Pennsylvania. 



14 The Pennsylvania-German Society. 

When William Penn invited all people to Pennsyl- 
vania, lie builded better than he knew. To Pennsyl- 
vania came English Quakers, Swedes, Dutch, Ger- 
mans, French Huguenots and Welsh Quakers, a 
population blended and compounded. What is the out- 
come ? Look at the history of America and see the 
part Pennsylvania has borne in it. Here were first 
asserted the principles for which the revolutionary 
war was fought. In 1812, Pennsylvania furnished 
the Commander-in-Chief of the army of the United 
States, and furnished more men and money than any 
other state. In the war of the rebellion at 4.30 a. m., 
on April 12, 1861, the rebels opened fire in Charleston 
harbor. Before the sun went down, Pennsylvania, 
first of all the states, had voted $500,000 to put down 
rebellion. The Pennsylvania Idea has ruled this 
country during three-fourths of its existence. 

In every great work and in every important crisis 
she has been always to the front. (Great applause.) 

The excellent address of the President was followed 
by the annual report of the Secretary, Air. H. M. M. 
Richards, of Reading, Pa. 

secretary's annual report. 

To the President^ Ojficers and Members of the Penn- 
sylvania-German Society : 

Gentlemen — It is with great pleasure 3^our Sec- 
retary begs to report the continued and increasing 
prosperity of the Pennsylvania-German Society. The 
net membership to date now numbers 267. The 



Secretary's Annual Report. 15 

-accessions during the year foot up 52, whilst three of 
our members saw fit to withdraw, and we have been 
called upon to mourn the death of six more, amongst 
them one of our honorary members, Eckley B. 
Cox, Esq. 

We have long since passed the experimental stage 
of our existence, and have become an established fact. 
Having followed the wise rule of seeking quality in 
preference to quantity, we have obtained both, and 
find our ranks filled with a membership composed of 
representative men of our blood, and most dis- 
tinguished citizens, who would be a credit to any As- 
.sociation. To be a member of the Pennsylvania-Ger- 
man Society is now an honor sought, and one which 
need not be thrust upon unwilling persons. Having 
this in view, your Executive Committee has wisely 
determined to more strictly enforce the laws of the 
Society, relative to the payment of dues, and to drop 
from the rolls such as owe for two years and neglect 
to pay after notification. In the earlier formation of 
the Society a few such names, as is usually the case, 
appeared on the books, and to the number of 15 have 
recently been reluctantly stricken from the rolls. 

Having crystallized as a Society, I have felt for 
some time that our work should also assume shape 
and be systematized. It has been our custom, follow- 
ing that of other similar associations, to have read, 
•each year, several papers of an historical character, 
and to have delivered various after-dinner addresses 
•of a similar nature. That such papers and addresses 
Jbave not only been interesting but likewise valuable 



i6 1 he Pennsylva>iia-German Society. 

is fully attested by our printed volumes of proceed- 
ings. But, to me, such a procedure seems no longer 
sufficient or proper. The topics selected have been 
as a rule at the choice of the speakers, have covered 
frequently, the field in general, and have never been 
with reference to any concerted whole. Such ar- 
rangement is and would be entirely satisfactory and 
proper if we were a society of a general historical 
character, but we are not ; we are the Pennsylvania- 
German Society, organized for the distinct purpose 
of proving to the world the sterling worth of our fore- 
fathers, both in character and deed. To do this we 
must present our case in a way to first attract the at- 
tention of the reading public and then keep this 
attention fixed to the subject by the apparent value 
and connected thought of the matter it contains. If 
we want to take the high rank, as a society, which 
belongs to us, we must systematize our work. We 
must give a complete history of the Pennsylvania- 
Germans, such a connected history as has never yet 
been attempted and is now so badly needed. Let sev- 
eral gentlemen, of thorough capability, be selected in 
ample time to prepare several papers for our next 
annual meeting, bearing on the causes which led to 
the German emigration to America ; let these be fol- 
lowed the next year, in similar manner, by several 
papers on the emigration itself ; these, the next year, 
by several papers on the terrible experiences of our 
forefathers during the French and Indian war, and so^ 
on until the present period of time has been reached. 
When, in the course of some years, we shall have: 




IHSIGNIR OF FENNA-OERnRN SOCIETY. 



Secretary^ Annual Report. 17 

■come to this terminal point, we will have a continuous 
narrative on whose features we can enlarge in detail 
where needed and as desired. Indeed such enlarge- 
ment can take place at any time, in the after-dinner 
addresses, on that part of the history previously 
printed. 

The volume of our Proceedings for the year 1895 
is now before the members for their approval. With 
its excellent contents and general appearance it is 
trusted that all may favor it with their approbation. 
The value of the church records and biographical 
sketches cannot be overrated. The records of the 
Lancaster Reformed Church are now complete ; those 
of Trinity Lutheran Church will be completed in our 
next issue. Your Secretary earnestly recommends 
the continuance of such records, and would suggest 
the compilation of those of the old Tulpehocken 
churches near Stouchsburg, or the Augustus Church 
at the Trappe, as the next to be taken in hand. He 
would also request the members who have not yet 
furnished him with their biographical sketches, to 
do so. 

In this connection another most important matter 
needs attention. Notwithstanding the unusually ex- 
cellent and valuable character of our printed " Pro- 
ceedings," comparatively few have been put in circu- 
lation. Some three or four large packing cases filled 
with them, remain on hand and have been stored 
away at much risk and inconvenience, notwithstand- 
ing every effort made to dispose of them. This 
should not be. In the first place the funds of the 



l8 The Pennsvlvajiia-Germa'ti Society. 

Society remain, from this cause, indefinitely tied up" 
and its usefulness much impaired, and, in the next 
place, the whole purpose for which the Society is or- 
ganized, that of disseminating information relative to 
the Pennsylvania-Germans, is defeated. I am satis- 
fied that comparatively few of our members know 
about the contents of our publications, from their in- 
ability to attend our annual meetings, and other 
similar causes. There must be a remedy for this 
condition of affairs, and a step taken to prevent the 
continued accumulation of unused books. There can 
be but one remedy and that is to furnish each mem- 
ber with a free copy of our annual proceedings, and 
to increase the dues of the Society to $4.00 per an- 
num to cover the cost of the volume, postage, etc. 
This amount is less than that paid into many asso- 
ciations of a similar character, without return of any 
sort, and becomes ridiculously small when the value 
of the publication furnished is taken into considera- 
tion. By so doing the treasury of the Society would 
always be in a satisfactory condition, and the litera- 
ture disseminated properly. Should it not be done, 
and the present condition of affairs continue it would 
be well to discontinue the publication of our proceed- 
ings for the future. 

Our By-Laws, as now worded, fix the second 
Wednesday of October as the time for our annual 
meeting. It has been found that such an inflexible 
rule is most objectionable, and, on several recent oc- 
casions, the Executive Committee, by the power 
vested in it, has been obliged to change the date of 



Secretary's Annual Report. 19 

meeting. At its October meeting it was resolved that 
Article II of the By-Laws be amended to read as fol- 
lows : 

" The annual meeting of the Society shall be held 
between the middle of September and the middle of 
October of each year, at such place and time as the 
Executive Committee shall annually decide, at least 
ten days' notice of the same having been sent to each 
member by the Secretary." 

This action of the Committee is now before the 
Society for approval or rejection. 

The Society has now reached a position and rank 
when, in my humble opinion, it should have its dis- 
tinguishing mark or insignia, or more properly speak- 
ing, its distinctive Escutcheon. This is merely in 
accordance with the action of similar societies else- 
where. To be appropriate and explanatory of our 
history this Escutcheon might have quartered upon 
it the Arms of the German Empire, from whence our 
fathers came, those of the Penns in whose Province 
they settled, and that of our present great Common- 
wealth in which we reside. To these should be added 
the Arms of Switzerland, if possible, or the Canton 
from which our early Swiss emigrants came. This 
matter meets with the approval of the Executive 
Committee, also coincides with the wise judgment of 
our honored ex-President, Dr. W. H. Egle, (who, 
moreover, suggests red and white as our appropriate 
colors) and is now laid before the Society for action. 
The members are also requested to consider whether 
it might not be desirable and prudent to adopt, in ad- 



20 The Pennsylvania-German Society. 

dition, a distinctive " button," or rosette, to be worn 
on tbe lapel of the coat by members. 

I am pleased to acknowledge the receipt, during 
the year, of a copy of Rev. D. B. Shuey's " History of 
the Shuey Family in America," presented by him to 
the Society, for which I have duly returned thanks. 
Until the Society is in possession of its own perma- 
nent quarters it is hardly to be expected that similar 
gifts will be numerous, however desirable they may 
be, and, as yet, I hardly feel that the time has come 
to agitate the question of such permanent head- 
quarters. 

In the hope of our continued prosperity and the 
realizations of our highest anticipations, I beg to sub- 
scribe myself, 

Respectfully, 

H. M. M. Richards, Secretary. 

The report of the Secretary was received and laid 
over for action during the afternoon session. 

The Treasurer then presented his report of the 
financial operations of the Society during the year, 
which was duly referred to an Auditing Committee, 
consisting of Dr. W. J. Hoffman, of the Smithsonian 
Institute, Washington, D. C, Christian Schenk, 
Esq., of Lebanon, and M. L. Montgomery, Esq., of 
Reading. 

ELECTION OF OFFICERS. 

The Society next proceeded to the election of its 
officers for the ensuing year, with the following result : 



Election of Officers. 21 

President y 
F. R. Diffenderffer, Esq., of Lancaster, Pa. 
Vice Presidents^ 
Rev. F. J. F. ScHantz, D. D., of Myerstown, Pa. 
Rev. A. R. Home, D. D., of Allentown, Pa. 
Treasurer., 
Julius F. Sachse, Esq., of Philadelphia, Pa. 
Executive Committee., 
Rev. Prof. M. H. Richards, D. D., of Allentown, Pa. 
Morton L. Montgomery ,Esq., of Reading, Pa., and 
H .E. Slay maker, Esq., of Lancaster, Pa., to fill 
the unexpired term of Mr. Diffenderffer, elected 
President. 
Upon motion, the Society then adjourned to meet 

at 2.00 o'clock p. m. 

Afternoon Session. 

The Society met at 2.00 o'clock, p. m. Besides the 
members there was a large attendance of the citizens 
of Bethlehem, who were greatly interested in the 
proceedings. 

The first order of business was action on the report 
of the Secretary. After a full and general discussion 
by the Society, of the recommendations contained 
therein, the following resolutions were adopted : 

I. That a consecutive and complete history of the 
Pennsylvania-Germans be undertaken, to be brought 
out in a series of papers, written by various compe- 
tent members selected by the Executive Committee, 
and read at the annual meetings. 



22 The Pennsylvama-Ger7na7t Society. 

2. That the annual dues of the members be in- 
creased from $2.00 to $3.00, beginning with the close 
of the present meeting, and that each member, who 
has fully paid up all his dues in accordance with the 
rules of the Society, shall receive gratis, a copy of 
the printed "Proceedings," beginning with Volume 
VI, of 1896, or with the volume of the year for which 
he made his first payment of annual dues, at the in- 
creased rate. 

3. That the matter of fixing upon a time for the 
annual meetings be left in the hands of the Execu- 
tive Committee. 

4. That the Executive Committee be directed and 
empowered to get up a suitable insignia for the 
Society, the details of same being left to its judgment. 

The matter of insignia met with general approba- 
tion. The only diversity of opinion was with regard 
to its design, which was finally left in the hands of 
the Executive Committee. 

At the conclusion of the regular business, the Pres- 
ident introduced the Rev. Thomas Conrad Porter, D. 
D. LL. D., Professor of Biology and General Geology 
at Lafayette College, Easton, Pa., who read the fol- 
lowing valuable paper on " The Pennsylvania-Ger- 
man in the Field of the Natural Sciences." 

DR. porter's address. 

The Pennsylvania-Gej'man i7i the Field of the 
Natural Sciences. 
Carolus Linnaeus, or Karl von Linne, the most 
illustrious student and reformer of modem times in 



Dr. Porter'' s Address. 23 

the domain of natural history, was born in 1707, at 
Raeshult, a village in the south of Sweden. Having 
fought his way against great odds from a low estate 
up to fame and fortune, the period of his productive 
activity as a scientist extended from the year 1736 to 
the day of his death in 1778, In 1741 he attained 
the highest goal of his ambition, when called to the 
Chair of Botany in the University of Upsala and 
raised to the rank of the hereditary nobility of the 
realm. 

lyinnaeus was an indefatigable toiler, not in the 
closet only, but in the field also. In the early part 
of his career he traveled over a large portion of the 
Scandinavian peninsula, gathering rich spoils, and, 
later, supported by royal patronage, sent forth not a 
few of his young disciples, to bring back from distant 
lands like treasures to the museum of the University. 
These it became his business to examine, describe, 
name, figure, classify and give permanent record in 
a long series of publications, which contain articles 
pertaining to chemistry, mineralogy and zoology, al- 
though botany holds the chief place. 

The impression produced by such achievements — 
an impression that has not yet spent its force, but 
continues to inspire and stimulate scientific research 
in new lines and channels all the world over — was 
then felt far and wide amongst his contemporaries in 
Europe. By reason of his presence at Upsala, the 
number of students in the University rapidly rose 
from 500 to 1500. And the attractive power reached 
beyond the Atlantic, for, in a list of a party of seven 



24 The Pennsylvania-Germaii Society. 

who under liis leadership made an expedition into the 
province of Dalecarlia, occurs the name of Sandel, 
" a Pennsylvanian." One of his disciples, Professor 
Kuhn, delivered courses of lectures on botany in 
Philadelphia, and the great master has perpetuated 
his memory in the genus Kuh7iia. And another of 
them, the Swede, Peter Kalm, visited our shores, de- 
voted a good deal of time to the investigation of the 
flora of southern New Jersey and southeastern Penn- 
sylvania and the results of his observations are em- 
bodied in a work, which has been translated into 
Knglish. Him likewise, the master honored by 
giving his name to a genus of shrubs {Kalmia)^ 
the largest species of which abounds on our hills and 
mountains, conspicuous for its shining, evergreen 
foliage and clusters of beautiful flowers. Popularly 
known as "Mountain Laurel," it is deemed by many 
worthy of being chosen for the heraldic emblem of 
the nation. 

But the Linnaean influence on the Germans of 
Pennsylvania has borne richer fruit. 

Henry Muhlenberg, or, as his full baptismal name 
reads, Gottlieb Heinrich Ernst Muhlenberg, son of 
the Rev, Heinrich Melchior Muhlenberg, the 
patriarch of the Lutheran Church in the United States, 
was bom in Montgomery county, in the year 1753, 
and sent, in 1763, with his two older brothers, to Halle,in 
Germany, to receive there such linguistic and theologi- 
cal culture as would fit them for the office of the holy 
ministry. After an absence of seven years, he re- 
turned home in 1770, and, ordained by the Synod at 



PROCEEDINGS PENNSYLVANIA-GERMAN SOCIETY, 1896. 




Ct^i^imaK 1' fi^iftrt 



t>f^. ^.iAA^.^>il<^r^Aurvi.,, fjj£ 



Dr. Porter^ s Address. 25 

the early age of 17, became the assistant of his father 
in serving congregations in and around Philadelphia. 
In 1777, on the approach of the British troops to that 
city, he was compelled to flee, because he and his 
kinsfolk had become particularly obnoxious to the 
Tories on account of their patriotism. At length, in 
1780, he accepted a call to Trinity Church, Lancaster, 
and remained there till the day of his death in May, 
1815. 

This then was the theatre both of his pastoral and 
scientific labors for the long period of 35 years. His 
interest in the plant-world, no doubt enkindled or 
strengthened, during his residence in Halle, when 
the star of Linnaeus was in the ascendant, now be- 
came active and grew stronger and stronger to the 
end of life. Not only was the county of Lancaster 
thoroughly explored by him, but he opened and kept 
up an extensive correspondence and exchanges with 
the most eminent botanists of his day in Europe and 
America, and the superior excellence of his work won 
ample acknowledgment from many learned men and 
societies.''' 

The printed works upon which rests the fame of 
Muhlenberg, as a botanist, are only two in number, 
neither of them voluminous, and yet of the high- 
est value to the students of our flora. The first bears 



*A full account of this phase of his life is contained in an admirable 
paper in the German language from the pen of the late Professor J. ]\I. 
Maisch, of the Philadelphia College of Pharmacy, read before the 
Pionierverein in iS86, of which an English translation ought to be made 
and published. 



26 The Pennsylvania-German Soc'ety- 

the title : ''''Catalogue of the hitherto known native and 
naturalized Plants of North America^'' and came from 
tlie press at Lancaster under his own supervision, in 
1813 ; the other : A Fuller Description of the Grasses 
and Sedges of North America^ indigenous and natural- 
ized^'' in Latin, with a preface by his son Frederick, 
was published in Philadelphia in 181 7, two years 
after his death. 

The Catalogue is a great deal more than the simple 
title imports, because it embraces condensed and ab- 
breviated descriptions, from which the species meant 
can be generally identified. In both works, however, 
the territory assumed is much too large. With but 
few exceptions, the plants belong to the Atlantic 
slope of the United States. At that time little was 
known of the flora of the regions beyond the Mississ- 
ippi, or even the Alleghenies. The number of new 
species discovered and described by the author is 
about 100, nearly all phanerogamous or flowering 
plants. But, if the 80 described by his correspondent 
Willdenow, most of which, at least, were obtained 
from him as the collector, be counted in, the extent 
of his contributions to science can be measured. No 
single one of the early botanical explorers of our 
eastern field, except, perhaps, Michaux, did so much, 
and what he did was well done and will endure. 

Outside of a circle purely scientific, there are really 
few who understand and appreciate such labors, and 
yet, strange as it may seem to the multitude, there is 
no other kind of work that is likely to carry a man's 
name and fame further down the coming ages. 



Dr. Porter^ s Address. 27 

Muhlenberg, the eloquent preacher and faithful pas- 
tor, may in the far future cease to be held in lively 
remembrance ; Muhlenberg, the botanist, cannot 
pass out of view, and be neglected or forgotten, be- 
cause he has left his broad impress on Nature's hand- 
iwork and Nature never forgets those who love her. 

In the records of the plant-world a personal name 
may be carried in three ways ; first, when used to de- 
note a species, for instance, Quercus Muh/enbergu 
(Muhlenberg's Oak), so called because he discovered 
and brought it into notice ; second, when attached 
to a species which he has named and described, and 
in this category Muhlenberg has at least 100 species 
to speak for him ; and third, when embodied in a 
genus, as was done, when Professor Schreber created 
the genus Muhlenberg ia., to include a large group of 
beautiful grasses, seven of which flourish all around 
us in our fields and meadows, and the remainder in 
the Rocky Mountains, California and Mexico. 

Sometimes such generic names are made to honor 
persons famous in other ways, wholly apart from any 
service done in the development of botanical science. 
Thus, Queen Victoria of England, is forever asso- 
ciated with a magnificent water-lily, or lotus, of South 
America, which has a permanent place in all large 
conservatories and bears her full name — Victoria 
Regina. A stately tree of Japan, with large leaves 
and blue flowers, allied to our catalpa, and widely 
cultivated, commemorates a Russian princess, as 
Paulownia impenalis. Gay Lussac, the French 
chemist, has his tribute of honor in the Gaylussacias^ 



28 The Pennsylvania-Germaft Society. 

and Thomas Jefferson, a friend and patron of the 
natural sciences, in his Jefferso7z2a diphylla. But 
the most remarkable example of the kind is found in 
the gigantic red-wood of the Sierra Nevada of Cali- 
fornia — the celebrated Sequoia gig antea.^ which has a 
sister species, {S. sempervivens) along the Coast Range 
of the same state. The Knglish botanists, in order 
to honor the hero of Waterloo, tried to have Welli^ig- 
tonia adopted instead of Sequoia^ but the latter had 
the precedence, and hence in all time to come the 
tree will bear the name of Se-quoi-yah, the Cherokee 
Indian, who invented a syllabic alphabet for the use 
of his tribe. He was not a savage chieftain, adorned 
with war paint and feathers, and rejoicing in deeds 
of blood, but one who strove to elevate his race by the 
arts of peace, and, as its best representative, will keep 
alive the memory of our aborigines long after they 
have passed away, leaving behind them only a few 
relics and geographical names, which, when interpre- 
ted, show that they were all derived from the natural 
peculiarities of the objects named, and not one of 
them from persons or historical events. The Gov- 
ernment has wisely extended its protecting aegis over 
the Sequoia-groves of the Sierra Nevada and set 
apart a reservation of 5000 acres, which the axe or 
saw of no lumberman dares invade. And there the 
younger trees may grow and flourish, without moles- 
tation, until they reach the size and age of their 
mighty ancestors which now tower up toward heaven 
in the very places where their seeds germinated 12 
or 15 centuries ago. 



Dr. Porter's Address. 29 

Compared witli monuments like these, what are the 
statues of bronze and piles of chiseled stone, by which 
men have hoped and still hope to secure an earthly 
immortality. The temples, palaces and sculptured 
gods and goddesses of ancient Athens have nearly 
all crumbled into dust or been reduced to fragment- 
ary ruins, amongst which the busy antiquarian 
gropes to find traces of former beauty and grandeur, 
whilst the patches of wild thyme, on the slopes of 
Mount Hymettus near by, still bloom, unchanged and 
fresh and odorous, yielding their stores of honey to 
innumerable bees, just as they did more than 2000 
years ago. And, even when monuments reared by 
human hands do survive for many centuries, they 
often fail to tell why and for whom they were erected. 
An old writer quaintly remarks : '' The pyramids, 
doting with age, have forgotten the names of their 
founders." But life in Nature must triumph over 
oblivion, by reason of perpetual re-creation and re- 
newal. 

If then the plant-world is able to preserve and 
carry down to posterity the memory of persons other- 
wise famous, it will certainly do much more for those 
who, like Muhlenberg, have been closely associated 
with it in a scientific way. And here, in one respect, 
he has been fortunate above his fellow-workers. A 
botanist may deal with collections gathered in remote 
countries and win renown among the few advanced 
students who seek his books in libraries or pore over 
the dried specimens in his herbarium, or else he may 
devote his time to the illustration of obscure orders, 



30 The Pennsylvania-German Society. 

which for their inspection require high powers of the 
microscope. But the case is far different when the 
plants are conspicuous and abundant, and constitute 
a large portion of the flora of the woods, fields and 
swamps of a thickly-peopled region like that of our 
eastern states. Then they are sure to attract, in their 
living forms, generation after generation of amateur- 
.students, children of the schools, skilled botanists 
and those who may be drawn to cultivate them for 
their beauty or utility. Hence, the asters and the 
golden-rods, the sedges and the grasses, which Muh- 
lenberg saw, handled and described, and of whose ex- 
tirpation in the future there is not the slightest dan- 
ger, will bring his name up before thousands in the 
coming ages and prompt them to learn from other 
sources a'l they can of his personal history. 

In 1780, the year of Muhlenberg's settlement in 
Lancaster, another great Pennsylvania-German nat- 
uralist, the Rev. David Lewis von Schweinitz, was 
born at Bethlehem. His father was of an ancient 
and distinguished family of Silesia and his mother a 
grand-daughter of Count Zinzendorf. Designed for 
the ministry in the Moravian Church, his early edu- 
cation was received in the school at Nazareth, where 
he exhibited an enthusiastic fondness for cryptogamic 
botany. In 1778 he went to Europe with his father, 
for the purpose of fuller classical and theological 
training at Niesky in Upper Lusatia. There he de- 
voted his leisure hours to the Fungi, and, in conjunc- 
tion with Professor Albertini, published at Leipsic a 
volume on the species of the order discovered .around 



Dr. Porter's Address. 31 

Niesky, for which, as a mark of appreciation, the de- 
gree of Ph. D., was conferred upon him by the Uni- 
versity of Kiel. On his return to America, in 181 2, 
he was appointed general agent of his Church in 
North Carolina and in this new field continued his 
labors, the results of which were printed at Raleigh 
in 1821. Ten years later, his great work, "^4 Synop- 
sis of the Fungi of North America,'''' was presented to 
the American Philosophical Society of Philadelphia, 
and in it the number of species enumerated or de- 
scribed is 3098, including 1203 new to science. Dur- 
ing the same period he prepared his well-known 
''''Monograph of the Carices of North America.'''' 
Read before the New York Lyceum of Natural His- 
tory and accepted, it was placed in the hands of Dr. 
John Torrey for publication, because duty called the 
author across the Atlantic. It was, therefore, edited by 
Dr. Torrey, with some additions, and for this reason, 
Schweinitz generously insisted that it should appear 
as a joint production. 

Like Muhlenberg he too has been honored by hav- 
ing his name embodied in a genus of flowering plants 
of the Heath Family, Schweintzia^ represented by a 
brace of rare species, one of them at home in the 
mountains of the Carolinas, and the other in Florida. 

The study of nature by these two accomplished 
scholars and divines was not inspired by a lust for 
worldly gain, or worldly ambition, nor a love for mere 
utility, amusement or recreation, since it was pur- 
sued earnestly, steadily and methodically from the 
days of boyhood through all the riper years of their 



32 The Pe7insylvania-Germa7i Society.. 

busy lives. That it was ever permitted to interfere 
with the discharge of the duties of their sacred call- 
ing cannot be supposed. Indeed, in this regard, 
it must have proved an invaluable help instead of a 
hindrance, for they no doubt recognized the truth 
that the revelations of God in His works and in His 
word are at bottom one, and hence, that both are 
needed as moulding factors for every man who as- 
pires to full moral and mental stature, to say noth- 
ing of his best physical well-being. Our Maker 
speaks to us, if we have but eyes to see and ears to- 
hear and hearts to feel, through the lilies and the 
rosesj as well as in the thunders of the law. St. 
Paul says that the natural comes first and then the 
spiritual, and a neglect of this cardinal principle has 
been the occasion of immense mischief in human, 
culture. A thorough knowledge of the lower world 
of nature alone can prevent or cure tendencies to 
vague and wild speculation in the higher spheres of 
philosophy and religion. 

The death of Schweinitz, at the age of 54, occurred 
on the 8th of February, 1834, and a memoir of his 
life and scientific labors was prepared and read by 
Mr. Walter R. Johnson before the Academy of 
Natural Sciences in Philadelphia, and published by 
him (with a portrait) at the request of the Academy.. 

Although Shakespeare does say : 

"The evil that men do Hves after them;" 

and then adds, by way of contrast, 

" The good is oft interred with their bones;" 

it has not been so here. Among the brethren of his own 



PROCEEDINGS PENNSYLVANIA-GERMAN SOCIETY, 1896. 




L. D. VON SCHWEINITZ. 



8. S. HALDEMAN. 



S. S. RATHVON. 



FRANCIS WOLLE. 
A. P. GARBER. 



Dr. Porter's Address. 33 

community, in this very town of Bethlehem where 
he was born, the seed sown by Schweinitz has con- 
tinued to produce fruit of the same kind and in the 
same realm of cryptogamic botany in which he 
labored. Of this a striking testimony is afforded by 
the superb works on our Fresh-water Algae, from 
the pen and pencil of the late Rev. Francis Wolle, 
which have won for him such an enviable place in 
the annals of American science. 

In like manner the example and influence of Muh- 
lenberg survived in the chief field of his activity, and 
there is perhaps no county in the United States, whose 
flora, fauna, minerals and rocks have been more thor- 
oughly studied than those of Lancaster,as can be shown 
by the collections of the Linnaean Society and its 
records published in the History of the Rev. Dr. 
Mombert. Now, the men who accomplished all this 
were of the native German stock, and amongst them, 
Simon S. Rathvon, will long be held in high esteem 
for services done in those branches of entomology to 
which he devoted special attention. 

Born also in Lancaster county, where his life was 
spent, and a scion of the same stock, ever proud of 
his descent, was the brilliant, witty and genial Pro- 
fessor Samuel Stehman Haldeman, one of the most 
industrious, original and profound scholars of the 
century. He began his career as a naturalist and 
published a work on our "Fresh-water Shells," now 
out of print and much sought after, but soon passed 
over to linguistic and philological studies in which he 
achieved great distinction, both at home and abroad. 



34 T^^^^ Pennsylvania-German Society. 

Agassiz said of him, "That man Haldeman has an 
idea behind every word that he utters," and Dr. 
Francis A. March has written of him, "Professor 
Haldeman was in early life a naturalist and by his 
mental constitution a scientist, and he took hold of 
the forms of speech in the same spirit," and "we 
shall never look upon his like again."* 

Another Lancaster county naturalist of German 
descent who deserves notice is Abram Paschal Gar- 
ber. He was born on his father's farm near Colum- 
bia in 1838, and his love of nature dates from early 
childhood. After taking a course of instruction in 
the Normal School at Millersville, he entered Lafa- 
yette College, from which he received the degree of B. 
S. in 1868. Here, without neglecting the duties of 
the class-room, all his available time was spent in 
ranging through the fields and woods around Easton 
in search of minerals and plants, and when, at a 
later period, he attended lectures in the Medical De- 
partment of the University of Pennsylvania, two of 
his summer vacations were employed in exploration 
and collection for the herbarium of the college, in the 
northern tier of counties and those west of the Alle- 
ghenies. Having attained the degree of M. D., he 
accepted the position of assistant-surgeon in the State 
Hospital for the Insane at Harrisburg, but forced by 
failing health to give up £he practice of his profession, 



*There is an interesting memoir of this distinguished man, by Charles 
Henry Hart, in the Penn Monthly of 18S1, but what is needed is a full 
biography for which abundant material could be supplied by his family. 



Dr. Porter's Address. 35 

lie sought relief in the warmer climate of Florida, 
where for two years he traveled extensively and made 
large collections of rare plants, a number of them 
either new to our flora or new to science. To one of 
these the distinguished botanist. Dr. Asa Gray, gave, 
to honor him, the name Garberia. But, alas ! the 
milder atmosphere and living in the open air, al- 
though they no doubt prolonged his days, did not 
suffice to cure his malady and he came north again, 
to die at Renovo, Clinton county, in the year 1881. 

Amongst the Pennsylvania-Germans of the present 
time, there are not a few whose excellent work in the 
various departments of the natural sciences will be 
acknowledged and chronicled hereafter, but this brief 
historical sketch is restricted to those who have al- 
ready finished their labors, and of these, the foremost 
representative, the one who has accomplished most 
and achieved the greatest fame, a fame that will grow 
clearer and brighter as the years roll b}^, is, beyond 
doubt, Joseph Leidy. His great-grandfather, Carl 
Leidy, came from Rhenish Germany, early in the 
eighteenth century, (about 1724) and settled in that 
part of Penn's province which included Montgomery 
and Bucks counties. He was born in Philadelphia 
in 1823. His parents and kinsfolk, all German and 
speaking the German language, belonged to the 
Lutheran Church. When quite young he displayed 
an extraordinary interest in natural objects. Miner- 
als and plants first attracted him, but his mind soon 
turned to the animal kingdom, the study of which as 
a whole, from the human body and vertebrates in 



36 The Pennsylvania-German Society. 

general, both living and fossil, down to the minutest 
microscopic organisms, was pursued with a rare and 
simple-hearted devotion and with marvellous success 
up to the period of his death in 1891.* 

Now, the peculiar qualities which so admirably 
fitted Dr. Leidy for his splendid career were evidently 
derived from his German ancestry. And they are 
manifest also in all the others who have been named 
in this paper. Over them, however, he had the ad- 
vantage of a more favorable environment. There 
was nothing to divert him from his chosen path, for, 
although the degree of M. D. was conferred upon 
him by the University of Pennsylvania, whose chair 
of anatomy he filled with such marked ability and 
honor, he never became a surgeon or physician in 
active practice. 

The traits of character here referred to may be thus 
summed up — honesty in the broad and best sense of 
the word ; the love of knowledge for its own sake and 
not primarily or solely for its useful applications, or 
as a means for gaining publicity or acquiring wealth; 
modesty that shrinks from blowing its own trumpet ; 
a freedom from jealousy and envy ; a readiness to 
help others engaged in the same pursuits ; a prefer- 
ence for the real and substantial over against the 
theoretical and visionary ; inexhaustible patience and 
perseverance ; and above all, an intuitive genius for 
method and order. 

*A full account of his life and labors can be found in a memoir by W. 
S. W. Ruschenberger, M. D., printed in the Proceedings of The Ameri- 
can Philosophical Society and distributed by him in a separate pamphlet 
form. 



PROCEEDINGS PENNSYLVANIA-GERMAN SOCIETY, 1896 




JOSEPH LEIDY. 



Dr. Porter^ s Address. 37 

perseverance ; and above all, an intuitive genius for 
method and order. 

If these three of our eastern counties can boast of 
a group of men like these, who have done so much 
in but a single department of the modern sciences, it 
certainly furnishes good ground for laudable race- 
pride, and ought to put to shame that ignorant and 
vulgar class of our country-men, who are wont to 
hold German Pennsylvania in much the same regard 
as Boeotia was held by the ancient Greeks. 

The paper was received most favorably and the 
audience listened to its reading with great interest. 

At the conclusion of Dr. Porter's paper various 
appropriate remarks were made touching on its con- 
tents. 

Judge Pennypacker stated that the first original 
botanical work was written by Humphrey Marshall, 
a Quaker, in 1785. When it was printed Henry 
Muhlenberg bought a copy, interleaved it, and added 
notes and comments. This book the judge owns. 
In the latter part of the last century a man named 
Schepp published a work on tortoises in Latin. In 
the preface he acknowledged the work of Muhlenberg 
and names one of the species of tortoise after him. 

The Rev. Paul De Schweinitz paid a tribute to the 
worth of the late Rev. Francis Wolle, of Bethlehem. 
He was born at Jacobsburg, December 17, 1817. He 
had no scientific education other than the limited one 
furnished by our ordinary church schools. He took 
up the study of botany at a time of life when most 
men think of resting. In his 70th year he published 



38 The Pennsylvania-German Society. 

his first work, which obtained subscribers all over 
the world. He prepared the plates himself with his 
own hands. He became enthusiastic when he de- 
scribed the wonderful works of God. 

The Rev. Mr. Schweinitz moved a vote of thanks 
to Dr. Porter for his able paper and that the portraits 
of the men described accompany its publication. 
President Pennypacker remarked that the Pennsyl- 
vania-German does not confine himself to the walks 
of science. He courts the muses. - " I have the 
pleasure of introducing to you the Rev. F. J. F. 
Schantz, D. D., of Myerstown, Pa., who will read a 
poem in Pennsylvania-German." The doctor then 
read the following interesting poem : 

'S SCHULHAUS AM SANDLOCH. 

Vor alter Zeit, ich wees net wann, 

So lang dasz Niemand 's sage kann, 

Do henn die Leut, die dann gelebt 

In Erwet viel, noch Hochrem g'strebt. 

Die alte Kerch war ihne lieb. 

So ah 's Schulhaus, wu mer trieb 

Die Lerning gut, for alle Zeit, 

For diese Welt un Ewigkeit. 

In seller Zeit, schun lang verbei, 

Hot jede Kerch, ganz nackschd dabei 

En Schulhaus katt, wu Gross und Klee 

In Winterszeit, bei Kiilt und Schnee, 

Sich g'sammelt hen, von Nackschd un Weit, 

Von HJiuser, sell mols weit zerstreut. 

In seller Zeit war's ewwe so : 

Die Kerche war'n net plenty do, 

Ke Wunner dann, dasz Vielen gar 

's Schulgeh grosse Miih ah war. 

Lange Zeit is 's so fortgange, 

Bis Leut annerscht henn a'g'fange ; 

Gemeent hen dehl, sie sollte doch 



^s Schulhaiis am Sandloch. 39 



En Schulhaus baue am Sandloch, 
Noh hiitten doch ihr Kinner ah 
En Schulhaus ihrer Heemet nah. 
Am Sandloch kriegte mancher schorK 
In alter Zeit en schoner Lohn, 
Da holten Leut den guten Sand' 
For Hiiuserbaue im ganze Land' 
's Sandloch war ganz im a Buschr 
Umringt von Behm und nidder Brusch •; 
Links an dem Weg und gar net weit 
Vom Kreuzweg ab der ah noch heut 
Ganz leicht zu finne is, wann mann 
Von Ellsdaun raus geht, wie m'r kann, 
Uf rechtem Weg, urn's Knause Eck, 
Dann immer fort, en gute Streck 
Noch von's Steininger's Werthshaus hin 
Zwische Steninger's und Kuntzville drin ; 
Dort is der Kreuzweg un net weit 
's Sandloch noch uf linker Seit. 

Am Kreuzweg an dem Nordost Eck, 
Umringt von Behm for'n schone Deck, 
Dort wahlten dann die alte Leut 
In der uns unbekannte Zeit, 
Es neue Schulhaus hinzubaue, 
Durch Arbeit und mit Gottvertraue, 
Von raue Stee und Busche-Holz, 
Mit keener Spur von groszem Stolz, 
Juscht ee Stock hoch, un Seite vier, 
Fenschdre vier und juscht ee Diir, 
Innewennich en Disch un Stuhl, 
Der Platz for'n Meschter von der Schul. 
En langer Desk an jeder Wand, 
Vor dem en lauge Bank ah stand; 
Dann in der Mitt der Schulstub noch 
En schwerer Offe, lang und hoch. 
In den m'r Holz, halb Klofter lang, 
Hot stecke kenne une Drang. 
Der Dadie un die Mammie do, 
Wu's Schulhaus fertig wer un noh 
Ah eigeweiht, henn sich viel g'fred ; 
Noh hots bal kese : in di^ Schul geht ! 



40 The Pennsylvania-German Society. 

Was laafe kann, das musz dahi 
Un lerne dann, mit Fleisz und Miih 
Dort lernte sie in Deutscher Sproch 
's A. B. C, dann immer noch 
's Spelle, Lese, Rechle, Schreiwe, 
Ah Singe, Bete, fromm zu bleiwe. 
Sell war awer en schone Zeit 
For all die alt un junge Leut ! 
Wie's Sandloch g'segnet hot mit Sand 
Die Leut ringsum im ganze Land, 
So war's Sandloch-Schulhaus ah 
En grosser Sege dann allda, 
Zum rechte Bau von Haus un Staat 
Zum Kerche wohl, zur Himmels-Saat. 
In's alte Schulhaus am Sandloch 
Is's Schreiwers Dadi wie ah noch 
Sei Onkels un sei Aenties viel. 
So wie die Nochbere in dem Spiel- 
Net weit vun Hunnert Johr zuriick — 
Gegange ah zu seinem Gliick. 
Daheem wars scho, dort an der Spring 
Von hellem Wasser, un jedes Ding 
Was Heemet scho macht, henn sie katt ; 
So henn ah g'sad die Leut der Stadt. 
Sie holten awer's Schonste doch 
Net an der Spring, net von dem Feld, 
Net in der Miihl, 's war ah net Geld, 
Es schonste holte Kop und Herz 
Im Schulhaus da, mit wenig Schmerz 
Es war die schonste Zeit fiir sie. 
So kummt zum Zweetemol sie nie. 

Drei Vertel Hunnert Johr is Zeit, 

Meh als das Lewe menschter Leut, 

In so viel Johr gebts vieles dann, 

Meh als en Mensch verzehle kann ; 

Von denne nau bald hunnert Johr, 

Von erschter Halft, kam mir zu Ohr 

Vom Sandloch Schulhaus am Kreuzweg 

Was Lesern ich net gem vorleg. 

's hen Leut g'sad : "Am Sandloch spukts ! " 

En mancher hot oft g'frogt : " Wie guckt's ?" 

Reiter, die sin schnell geridde ! 

Laufer nahme g'schwinde Schridde ! 



'5 Schulhaus am Sandloch. 41 

In der Mitt der viele Johre 

Ging dann ah die Schul verlore. 

Dort unte an der Spring war doch 

Bei Dadie's Haus, die Tschantz dann noch 

In Schul zu gehe, im a Haus 

Ganz wenig Schritt die Stross hinaus. 

Noh is 's Freischul Haus a' kumme, 

"Wees vom erste was zu brumme : 

Bruder ging mit mir vorbei 

Als es war noch nagel neu ; 

Ah an en Kreuzweg hingebaut, 

About en Meil von der alt Statsch-Raut, 

Am hinre Weg, owig's Schantze Miihl, 

En karze Meil — wu dann mol viel 

Kinner aus jedem Eck heraus 

Sum gauge in's Schaffer's Freischulhaus. 

Im Winter awer war nur Schul, 

Sell war der Taxe wege Ruhl, 

Summerschul hots dann ah gewe, 

Dafor hot bezahlt man ewe. 

Sie henn en guter Tietscher katt, 

Ke bessrer inre grosse Stadt, 

Der hot dann ah in Summerzeit 

Getietscht die Kinner vieler Leut. 

After returning thanks to the local committee and 
citizens of Bethlehem, and recommending to the Ex- 
ecutive Committee that Philadelphia be selected as 
the place for the next annual meeting, the Society, 
on motion, adjourned. 

The remainder of the afternoon was spent in visit- 
ing the many points of local interest, including the 
valuable Moravian archives, the group of old Mora- 
vian buildings on Church street, and the old 
Moravian burying ground. 



42 The Pennsylvania-Germayi Society. 

THE BANQUET. 

The banquet in the evening was held at the "Sun 
Inn," one of the most historically celebrated hostel- 
ries in the United States. Its history is intimately 
connected with that of the Pennsylvania-Germans. 
It has, therefore, been deemed advisable to give, in 
full, the following interesting sketch of the Inn, 
strictly authentic in every particular, written by the 
Rev. William C. Reichel, of the Moravian Church, 
himself a most distinguished Pennsylvania-German. 

William Cornelius Reichel was born at Salem, N. 
C, on May 9th, 1824. His father was the Rev. 
Gotthold Benjamin Reichel, principal of the Salem 
Female Academy and one of the pastors of the 
church at that place. His grandfather was the Rt. 
Rev. Charles Gotthold Reichel, D. D., Bishop of the 
Church. His great-grandfather was the Rev. Charles 
B. Reichel, a distinguished clergyman of the Luth- 
eran Church in Germany, whose father, grandfather 
and great-grandfather were all ministers of the Gos- 
pel. 

Prof. Reichel was prominently identified with the 
various institutions of learning in the Moravian 
Church. He was a man of rare and manifold talents, 
a ripe scholar and an indefatigable student. To his 
pen we are indebted for many most gracefully written 
and valuable historical papers relating more especially 
to the Moravian Economy, amongst them this sketch 
of ''The old Moravian Sun Inn." 

He died during the night of October 25th, 1876, 
in the fifty-third year of his age. 



The Old Sun Inn. 43 

PROPRIETORS AND LANDLORDS 



OF 



THE OLD SUN INN. 

I. THE MORAVIAN SOCIETY, 1758 to 1851. 
Landlords for the Society — Peter Worbas. 
" " " Jasper Payne. 

" • " " J. Andrew Albright. 

" " " Just Jansen. 

«« " " Abraham Levering, 1800. 

«' " " John Lennert. 

" " " Christian G. Paulus. 

<' " " Joseph Rice. 

<< '« " Jacob Wolle. 

" " " Matthew Christ. 

'< " " George Atherton, 1830. 

<< " " Samuel Ziegler. 

♦' " " C. Edward Seidel. 

«' " " Preston Brock. 

«' " " Tilghman Rupp. 

" " " George Shober. 

2- CHARLES A. LUCKENBACH and 
JOHN ANDERSON, 1851. 

Landlord — ^James Leibert. 

3. JAMES LEIBERT. 

4. RUFUS A. GRIDER. 

5. CHARLES BRODHEAD, 1868. 

Landlords. — ^John R. Johnson. 

" RiEGEL AND SaNDT. 

" Cyrus T. Smith. 

" Robert Gauff, 1893. 



44 The Pennsylvania-German Society. 



THE 

OLD MORAVIAN SUN INN, 

BETHLEHEM, PENNA., 



ITSB. 



Almost forgotten, and by most unheeded (in as far as its 
stone walls have been cunningly assimilated with the brick and 
mortar of the modern structure with which it is incorporated), 
there still stands as part and parcel of the Sun Hotel in the bor- 
ough of Bethlehem the first house of entertainment that was 
built by the Moravians within the limits of their earliest settle- 
ment in the Province of Pennsylvania. 

What of history the Sun Inn has made, or what of history 
made by others it rightly claims, it is the design of these pages 
to briefly rehearse. 

When the Moravians commenced the building of Bethle- 
hem in the spring of 1741, and for several years subsequent, 
such was their remoteness from the routes of travel in south- 
eastern Pennsylvania as to render the erection of an inn alto- 
gether unnecessary. It is true, in 1745 they blocked up an 
humble hostelry on land of theirs in Saucon township, (it stood 
until the summer of 1856 on the right bank of the Lehigh, 
where the Union Depot of the two railroads stands), which, for 
a time-, satisfied the wants of the few who were occasionally led 
by business to enter the wilderness within the Forks of Dela- 
ware. But with each passing year a stronger tide of settlement 



The Old Sun Inn. 45 

set in northward from the more populous parts of the Province 
and also from abroad. Hereupon farms began to dot the coun- 
try on every side, new roads were opened, and ere long the cap- 
ital came to be connected by successive links that led through 
the heart of Northampton County with the ancient Minisink 
Road, whose outlet was Kingston on Hudson's River, and be- 
yond, by a second chain of thoroughfares, with the busy towns 
east, as far as Massachusetts Bay. Bethlehem thus became a 
point in this great artery of travel, and situate, moreover, on 
the through-line from New York to Baltimore and the CaroHnas, 
the necessity of making provision for wayfarers moved its people, 
in time, to erect an inn more commodious than the one located 
on the south side of the river. 

Accordingly, in July of 1754, the matter was given into the 
hands of a committee for full consideration. These reported on 
the eighteenth day of that month to the effect that they had 
fixed upon an eligible site for a public house on the outskirts of 
the town, described by them as "situate on the road leading to 
the tile-kiln, and opposite the Manockasy and the quarry." 
From the tenor of these words the reader will rightly infer that 
Bethlehem was then an inconsiderable village. In fact, the pile 
of stone houses on Church street, the centre of the Young 
Ladies' Seminary, the farm -buildings clustered around the first 
house,* the mills and workshops on the Manockasy, a single 
dwelling on Market street, and a second in course of erection 
for families and subsequently used as a school (the Moravian 
Publication House has recendy supplanted it), constituted all 
there was, in July of 1754, of the busy little settlement with a 
population of four hundred souls. With the above report the 
labors of the aforementioned committee ceased for the time, and 
when, in February of 1755, the matter of erecting an inn was 
again agitated, it was resolved to postpone further action in the 

*This stood until the autumn of 1823, in the rear of the Eagle Hotel. 
The farm-yard, which with its buildings occupied a rectangular plot in 
front of the first house, extending as far east as the line of Main Street, 
was not fully removed until in 1771. 



46 The Pennsylvania-Get ma7i Society. 

premises until the completion of the Hall * on the Barony, or 
Nazareth Tract. Thus passed the summer of 1755, and then 
came the Indian war. This, as is well known, entailed upon 
the Moravians serious pecuniary losses, and for sev^eral years 
paralyzed their domestic activity as well as their missionary en- 
terprise. Hence the building of the Inn was further delayed. 
Finally, in the late autumn of 1757, preparatory steps were 
taken to commence the work in the ensuing spring, and in Jan- 
uary of 1758 the architect's draught was submitted to the com- 
mittee for inspection, approved and accepted. f The house hav- 
ing been staked off in accordance with this plan, and so as to 
have its end range with the front of a stone stable that had been 
erected lower down the street in the summer of 1757,1 ground 
was broken in the first week of April, and the cellars excavated 

* Built for his residence, in expectation of Count ZinzendorTs return to 
Pennsylvania, but subsequently used as a school. A boarding-school 
for young gentlemen was opened in Nazareth Hall in October of 1785. 

fThis draught entitled "5a« Riss zu ehiem Gemein Logis,''' is hang- 
ing, framed, in the reading-room of the Hotel, and is an admirable 
specimen of the draughtsman's art. The front elevation shows quite an 
imposing structure, 66 by 40 feet, of two stories, surmounted by a heavy 
double or Mansard-roof, the front facing south, with six windows and a 
door in the first story, seven windows in the second, and four dormer- 
windows in the third, under the lower pitch of the roof The first floor 
is divided by a hall 12 feet wide into four apartments, as follows : on the 
left, in front, a reception room 24 by 16 feet ; in the rear of this an 
apartment of like dimensions, divided, however, into two rooms ; on 
the right of the hall, front, the landlord's office and dwelling-room, and 
in the rear a kitchen and pantry. The south-west end of the second 
floor is occupied by a dining-saloon 37 by 18 feet, flanked by a suite ot 
three apartments, two suites of like arrangement filling up the remainder 
of the floor. The third story is divided into four rooms, and four al- 
coves or recesses, each of the latter being large enough to contain four 
bedsteads. The draught also shows an end elevation of the house, and 
a profile and plan of the cellar. Although the details of this design were 
originally carried out, they were subsequently slightly modified, and 
decidedly so in 1824, during the incumbency of Jacob Wolle, the then 
landlord. 

X Converted about 1820 into dwellings, the last of which was demolished 
only recently to make way for a row of modern stores. At this writing 



The Old Sun Inn. 47 

and walled out before the close of May. But during- the ensu- 
ing eighteen months the work at the building was alternately 
intermitted and resumed, so that the spring of 1760 opened and 
travelers were still lodged on this side of the river, M-hen the 
weather was inclement, in what was called "The Indian House," 
that stood on the right bank of the Manockasy, opposite the 
grist-mill. 

On the 24th of March, 1760, Peter and Ann Mary Worbas* 
(last from Gnadenthal Farm) occupied apartments in the build- 
ing, and in June following application was made to the Court at 
Easton in their behalf for a permit to entertain travellers and to 
sell beer and cider. That body was also petitioned by the 
steward of the settlement to grant "a change in the old Gnaden- 
hutten road from the point of its intersection with the Manock- 
asy as far as the intended House of Entertainment on the hill, 
so as to have it pass over a piece of lowland, thence by the 
brick-kiln, thence the best way to said intended Inn, and thence 
along the road going to Easton to where said road forks, from 
there to proceed to the Lecha, to cross it above the Island, and 
after crossing, to strike the road to Philadelphia near where Mr. 
Isaac Ysselstein formerly lived." A king's road, leading from 
the Inn to the Bethlehem Ferry, having been granted about the 
same time, the house ot which we write was now firmly seated 

the farmer's house, too, is being demolished, so that every vestige of the 
buildings that at the beginning of the century surrounded the yard of the 
large "Bethlehem Farm" will ere long be obliterated. 

*Mr. Worbas was a native of Jutland, and a carpenter by trade. He 
had immigrated to the Province in 1753, and was residing at the Gnad- 
enhutten Mission (Lehighton, in Carbon County) at the time of the 
massacre in November of 1755, being one of the five who were fortunate 
enough to escape from the hands of the merciless savages. On retiring 
from the Inn he took charge of the grist-mill at Bethlehem. In the 
spring of 1769 he removed with his family to Knowlton township, then 
in Morris County, West Jersey, where, on a branch of the Pequest, called 
Beaver Dam, the Moravians were beginning a settlement, first called 
Greenland and subsequently Hope Here Mr. Worbas was miller. In 
1 77 1 he removed to Nazareth, and occupied the first house erected in 
the new town of that name. He died there in 1S06, in the eighty-fourth 
year of his age. 



48 The Pennsylvania-German Society. 

on the then great thoroughfares of travel. Hence we need not 
be surprised to learn that on the twenty-fourth day of September 
of the aforementioned year 1760 (this day marks an epoch) the 
first travellers were entertained under its hospitable roof. But yet 
how modest were its equipments when thus setting out in its 
long career of public service may be inferred from the statement 
that these had been provided in full at an outlay oi J[^Z9 ^7^- '^d- 
In fact, the house was neither completed in its details nor fully 
furnished until in the early spring of 1761, whereupon applica- 
tion was made by Matthew Schropp, steward of the Bethlehem 
Economy, to the Court of Quarter Sessions, held at Easton on 
the 17th day of June, in the thirty-third year of the reign of 
George the Third, for a license, in which application Peter 
Worbas was recommended to his Honor the Governor as a fit 
person to keep a public-house of entertainment. The request 
was favorably entertained, and the license granted. The cost of 
this instrument was £2 18^. 6d. 

In August of this year the new Inn was for the first time 
honored by the presence of the highest ofiicial in the Province, 
as during the sessions of a conference with the Six Nation and 
Susquehanna Indians, held at Easton, Governor Hamilton and 
some of the members of his Council rode over to Bethlehem. 
The conference, we would infer, was a distasteful one to the 
Governor ; for on learning while yet in town of the arrival of 
the Indians, "he told the Council that he had not invited them, 
that he had no business with them that he knew of except to 
receive prisoners, and that they must have been invited by some 
officious people of this city."* Hence it was, perhaps, that he 
rode over to Bethlehem on the ninth of August, to obliterate all 
remembrance of his late chagrin in a good dinner at the Sun 
Inn. He was followed on the thirteenth by a large company of 
Indians (the Conference had closed), some of whom came to 
visit old acquaintances, others to have their pieces mended by 
the gunsmith. These, however, encamped during their sojoura 
in the adjacent fields, yet under the very shadow of the Inn. 

*Colonial Records, viii. p. 630. 



The Old Sun Inn. 49 

The year 1762 is memorable in the history of the Moravians 
in Pennsylvania as marking an important change in their social 
polity. It was then that the Bethlehem Economy was by com- 
mon consent finally dissolved. Whereas during its existence all 
the members of the Society had contributed their labor towards 
the Commonwealth, certain branches of industry only were 
hereafter conducted for the support of its enterprises, by 
specially appointed agents who were amenable to the chief pro- 
prietor of the Moravian estates. Among these were a number 
of trades, four farms, and the Inn of which we write. For the 
latter a new era now opened. It was no longer known simply 
as "the House of Entertainment," but was called by the name 
it bears to the present day : whereupon, in June of 1764, there 
appeared upon its sign-board, by way of emblem, a sun in 
meridian splendor.* But before this, on the first of August, 
1762, Jasper Payne f assumed the superintendence of its affairs, 
at a salary of ^^30 per annum and his living. He was assisted 
in the management during the four years of his incumbency 
successively by Peter Worbas, Daniel Kunckler, John Rubel, 
Peter Goetje and Just Jansen. 

An inventory of stock, taken on the 4th of May of the last-men- 

* " 17th May, 1764. The Sun Inn Dr. to 

Cash, paid for making a sign post . . . £i. 2. — 
22. June, 1764. Do. Do. to Do., paid 

for painting the sign — 10. — " 

Ledger of the Sun Inn. 
fMr. Payne was born at Twickenham ("whose Eel-Pie House was for 
two centuries, and as late as 1830, a favorite resort for refreshment and 
recreation to water parties"), in the county of Middlesex, England. He 
was a wine cooper by trade. Immigrating with his wife to Pennsylvania 
in 1743, he settled at Bethlehem, and was appointed steward and ac- 
countant to the Economy. At the time of the Indian incursions in upper 
Northampton (in November of 1755), he was residing at the mission 
house in Smithfield township (it stood on the west side of Brodhead's 
Creek and opposite Dansbury, the residence of Daniel Brodhead), 
whence he escaped a few days before it was burned by the savages. 
When appointed to the position at the Inn he was a widower, but in 
July of 1763 he married a Miss Way, of New London. 



50 The Pennsylvania-German Sodety. 

tioned year, showed that j[^\y] 2s. c)d. had thus far been expended 
in equipping the house, — said inventory embracing furniture to 
the amount of ^157 i^. 3^., kitchen utensils, and the contents of 
the larder and the cellar. Three English and three German 
double bedsteads, six single bedsteads, six double blankets, 
twenty-two single striped blankets and woolen rugs, valued to- 
gether at £^2 ^s. 6d., in part furnished the travellers' chambers. 
Besides two gross of tobacco-pipes, there were stowed in the 
cellar, at the above date, 20 gallons of Madeira, 10 gallons of 
Teneriffe, 2 quarter-casks of white Lisbon, 109 gallons of Phila- 
delphia rum, 64 gallons of West India rum, 8 gallons of shrub, 
40 gallons of cider-royal, 4 hogsheads of cider, and i barrel of 
beer. The beer, both small and strong, that was drawn at the 
Sun for almost twenty-years, was brewed at Christian's Spring 
on the Barony. Thirty-eight barrels were consumed in 1762. 
Thomas Cadwallader and Joseph Sims, Mifflin and Massey, 
William Hazlitt, Henry Keppele, Jacob Viney, Nicholas Garri- 
son, Jr., and, subsequent to 1766, George Schlosser, wine mer- 
chants and grocers in Philadelphia, furnished the liquors for the 
Sun to the close of the last century. The amount of excise 
paid to the collector (Jesse Jones, a son of John Jones of Bethle- 
hem township, filled the office for many years) in 1762 was 
£i2i i2s. id. The net profits of the house for the year ending 
May 4, 1763, amounted to ;^26 9^. How studiously the good 
reputation of both the house and its cuisine were guarded, while 
yet in their infancy, may be inferred in part from the following 
enumeration of novelties and conveniences added to their equip- 
ments by Mr. Payne, to wit : "Five pairs of brass fire-dogs, 
Delft hand-basins, silver spoons, China bowls and cups and 
saucers, brass candlesticks, brass shovels and tongs, steel snuff- 
ers, table-mats, servers with cruets, a large oval fish-dish, plate- 
racks, chafing-dishes, a bottle-crane, a fish-kettle, and a spit 
with andirons and jack for roasting meat. " The rates for travel- 
lers were as follows : For a dinner, one shilling ; for a supper, 
sixpence ; lor a breakfast, sixpence ; for night's lodging, six- 
pence ; and for shaving, if desired, sixpence. They were con- 



The Old Sun Inn. ^i 

lessedly low, but so was the market, — beef selling at three- 
pence ha'penny per pound, mutton and veal each at three-pence, 
pork per hundred at twopence ha'penny per pound, flour at 
twopence, butter at sixpence, cream at two shillings, and milk at 
eightpence per gallon.* Despite all this, however, Governor 
Hamilton saw fit to dine twice at The Sun in June of 1762, both 
when on his way from Philadelphia to Easton (where he had 
made an appointment to meet some Indians), and on his return, 
which fact seems to demonstrate that the road from the capital 
of the Province to the Seat of Justice of Northampton, then lay 
through the village of Bethlehem. Sir William Johnson, Baro- 
net, followed the Governor on the 29th of the aforementioned 
month. 

The prospect for peace, which had dawned so brightly after 
four years of uncertainty and of tedious negotiation with the 
alienated Indians of the Province and their Western allies, was 
suddenly darkened when, in the summer of 1763, "the last act 
in the drama of the French and Indian War" was inaugurated 
by the Ottowa Pontiac. Upper Northampton for a second time 
became the scene of savage incursions, and Bethlehem resounded 
with the tramp of soldiery and the martial music of drum and 
fife, as in the gloomy month of November of 1755. On the 30th 
of July, 1763, one of two companies that had been enlisted in 
the county, after having been reviewed by Colonel Horsfield, set 
out from their rendezvous at The Sun for the defence of the 
frontiers. The enemy had struck in Smithfield and next in 
Whitehall, and when, in the first week of October, they at- 
tacked Captain Wetherhold's command at John Stenton's, 
murdered Jean Horner and Andrew Haslet's wife and children^ 

* The latternecessaries were furnished by the ''Bethlehem Farm."^ 
Mr. Frederick Beckel, its farmer, renders the following account under 
date of 14th May, 1767, to wit : 

"The Sun Inn to Bethlehem Farm, Dr., for ii6>^ 
Z'SiWoViS good milk, from 8th July, 1767, to date, 
being 44 weeks and 3 days, 10^ quarts being £ s d 
delivered per week, at 8^. per gallon . . . . 3. 17. 8." 

Ledger of the Sun Inn.. 



52 The Pennsylvania-German Society. 

and fired the dwellings of his neighbors James Allen and Philip 
Kratzer in the settlement, two hundred fugitives from Allen and 
Lehigh sought an asylum and were sheltered in the inns at 
Bethlehem. The ensuing months were months of harassing 
anxiety for the inhabitants of that place. Themselves and their 
Indian converts (there were seventy-seven of these at Nain in 
the vicinity, and forty-four at Wechquetank in Chestnut Hill 
township) were charged with being in league with the enemy, 
and threatened with violence. Hereupon the Moravian Indians 
threw themselves upon the protection of the government and 
were removed to Philadelphia. Watches were meanwhile set 
nightly in Bethlehem, and portions of the town, including the 
Inn and farm-yard, were palisaded ; * and when in the night of 
the 1 8th of November the torch was applied to the oil-mill, it 
was evident that another besides a savage foe was eager for the 
destruction of the Moravian settlement. But this time of danger 
passed by, and it was not long before the popular mind grew 
calm, and reversed a judgment which it had rashly passed in a 
frenzy of exasperation. 

It must next be stated that in September of this memorable 
year George Klein, of Bethlehem, provided the first means of 
public conveyance between that place and the capital of the 
Province, his coach or "stage-wagon" setting out from The Sun 
on every Monday morning for Philadelphia, and from the "King 
of Prussia' ' on Race Street in the capital on every Thursday 
morning for Bethlehem. This humble enterprise foreshadowed 
the numerous stage-lines which in subsequent years did business 
or had their offices in the house of which we write. 

On the second of April, 1765, the justices of the county and 
other officers in the Province service, who had been appointed a 
commission by the Governor, were convoked at The Sun by 
James Allen f to deliberate on the best means of removing the 

*At the same time the windows of the house were secured hy shutters, 
which are wanting in the original design. 

t James Allen, the founder of Allentown, was a son of Chief Justice 
WiUiam Allen, of Philadelphia. He died in that city in 1777. 



The Old Sun Inn. 53 

Moravian Indians, who had lately returned from Philadelphia, 
to the Susquehanna. 

Governor John Penn and his brother Richard * spent a day at 
the Inn in July following. 

Before closing this review of Mr. Payne's administration it 
must be added that in April of 1766 water was introduced into 
the house, wooden pipes having been laid from the elevated 
reservoir that stood at the foot of Main street, along the east 
line of said street, through the farm-yard, thence into the Inn. 
Although a well had been dug on the premises in the fall of 
1762, an additional supply of water was carried to the house 
weekly until its more convenient introduction, as had just been 
stated. 

Jasper Payne retired from the Inn on the ninth of December, 
1766, and was succeeded by its second landlord, 

John Andrew Albrechtf (Albright). Excepting Governor 
John Penn's sojourn at The Sun in April of 1768, and again in 
April of 1769, and an entry in the records of those days to the 
effect that in the month of October of the last-mentioned year 
" the house was unusually crowded with travellers and board- 
ers," there is nothing of note come down to us having a bearing 
on its history during this administration. During the Gov- 
ernor's three days' stay at The Sun in 1768 (April 27, 28, and 

* Sons of Richard Penn by Hannah Lardner, and grandsons of the 
Founder. John, the elder of the two, was Governor of the Province be- 
tween November of 1763 and April of 1771 (in that interval he married 
Anne, a daughter of William Allen), and again between August of 1773 
and December of 1775. He built Lansdowne on the Schuylkill, died in 
Bucks County in 1795, but his remains were taken to England. Richard, 
the younger brother, was Governor between October of 177 1 and August 
of 1773. Watson describes him as having been a "fine, portly-looking 
man, a bon vivant, and very popular." He married Polly Masters, 
visited Pennsylvania in 1808, and died in England in 181 1. 

fMr. Albrecht, who was a native of Fuhle in Thuringia, immigrated 
in the summer of 1750. In 1766 he married Elizabeth, a daughter ot 
Balzar Orth, of Lebanon township, Lancaster County. 



54 The Pe7i7tsylva7iia-German Society. 

29), when on his way to visit the Aliens at Trout Hall, * he and 
his wife, we read, spent a pleasant afternoon on the river, wit- 
nessing the men of the village taking shad with the bush-net 
after the Indian mode of fishing. The profits of the house for 
the year ending May 31, 1771, amounted to ^76 i^. 'jd. 

In consequence of a division of the estates and possessions of 
the Moravian Church that was made about this time, both in 
this country and abroad, the Sun Inn (together with other mes- 
suages as well as farms and woodlands) passed into the hands of 
the Stewards of the Society of Bethlehem. Henceforth for al- 
most seventy-five years it was conducted solely for the benefit of 
that body, at first by salaried agents (as late as 1830), and sub- 
sequently by tenants, in consideration of an annual rent. The 
transfer was made on the ist of June, 1771, the Inn and stabling 
adjoining being appraised at ^iioo, and the stock at ^^418, 
Pennsylvania currency. With this new order of things there 
was also a change of incumbents, and on the 2d of June, 177 1, 
accordingly. 

Just Jansen f and Mary, his wife, occupied the Inn, which it 
fell to their lot to superintend during the most eventful years of 
its existence. 



* Built by William Allen prior to 1755, and marked "William Allen's 
House" on a draft of a road leading from Easton to Reading, being in 
length filty miles, but to count from the centre of both the said towns 
fifty miles and one-halt mile," drawn by David Schultze in October ot 
1755- Trout Hall stood on high ground, about an eighth of a mile 
above the confluence of the Jordan Creek and the Little Lehigh, and 
what remains of this Seat of olden mirth and hospitality is incorporated 
with the buildings of Muhlenberg College. 

t Mr. Jansen, the fifth son of Jens and Else Gravenson, was born at 
Wunst in North Jutland, in June of 1719, and was brought up to the sea. 
Having become attached to the Moravians, he served for a time on their 
ship, the Irene, which in the interval between 1748 and 1757 plied be- 
tween New York and London or Amsterdam, constituting an important 
means of intercourse between the mother Church and her dependencies 
in the new world In an enumeration of the inhabitants of Bethlehem 
made in 1756, we find Mr. Jansen registered briefly, "Just Jansen, mari- 
ner, sojourning here." Subsequent to that year he assisted at "The 



The Old Sun Inn. 55 

In the first week of September of 1772 we find General Gage* 
and his family among the number of its guests, and in May of 
1773 Governor Richard Penn.f The latter spent eight days at 
the house. Governor John Penn partook of its hospitality in 
May of 1774, and for the last time in May of 1776. The Pro- 
prietary government under the auspices of the British Crown 
was, however, already then in its decadence, and in the summer 
of the ensuing year this the last of the Penns in office in the 
Province of Pennsylvania was, on recommendation of the Con- 
tinental Congress, made a prisoner, and confined on parole 
within a circuit of six miles from his seat at Lansdowne. 

The history of the Sun Inn at the period that has been reached 
in our narrative is intimately blended with that of Bethlehem 
during the exciting times of the American Revolution. For six 
years that place was a thoroughfare for troops, — twice in that in- 
terval it was the seat of the Continental Hospital, besides being 
occupied for three months by the heavy baggage and munitions 
of war of the army of the North, and temporarily, too, the refuge 
of the American Congress. Hence it came to pass that the 
house of which we write was honored by the presence of men 
whose names are indentified with the great movement that re- 
sulted in the separation of her transatlantic Colonies from England 
and the establishment of a Republic in the new world. It is. 
doubtful whether another house of entertainment in the country 



Crown," and occasionally at the Ferry, and finally, as has been stated, 
entered Mr Payne's employ at The Sun. In November of 1766 he mar- 
ried Mary Fisher. On closing his career as landlord he opened a small 
variety store (it stood on the west side of Main Street, opposite the post- 
office), and was in business at the time of his decease, in June of 1790. 

* General Gage had succeeded General Amherst in the chief command 
of the British forces in America. In 1774 he was appointed Governor of 
Massachusetts, in September of that year he began to fortify Boston, and 
subsequently planned the expedition to Concord, which resulted in the 
affair at Lexington on the memorable 19th of April, 1775 

t Richard Penn was Acting Governor between October of 1771 and 
August of 1773, during his brother's absence in England, whither the 
latter had sailed on receiving intelligence of their father's decease. 



56 The Pen7isylvania-German Society. 

can lay claim to having sheltered under its roof so many of 
the leading patriots, statesmen, and military chieftains of the 
war of American Independence as the time-honored Sun Inn at 
Bethlehem. 

A few days after Washington had taken the command of the 
Continental army, with his head-quarters at Cambridge (July 3, 
1775') detachments of militia from Maryland and Virginia, 
which designed to participate in the siege of Boston, began to 
move through Bethlehem. Among them was a company ol 
mounted rifles, Virginians, under Captain Morgan (subsequently 
a brigadier- general and the hero oftheCowpens), who, we read, 
made a two days' halt in the town (July 24 and 25). This 
movement of troops northward ceased, however, about the 
middle of August. 

Passing over the transit of the prisoners that had been made 
by General Montgomery on the capture of St. John and Cham- 
bly (these were being moved southward to some secure point 
inland), and the incessant marching of recruits from the lower 
counties on their way to "the Flying Camp" at Amboy, during 
the spring and summer of 1776, we come to that memorable 
time in the Revolutionary history of Bethlehem in which it was 
the seat of the General Hospital of the hard-pressed patriot 
army. 

After the repulse of the Americans at Brooklyn Heights 
(August 27) Washington withdrew his troops to New York, 
which city, however, a few days subsequently fell into the hands 
of the enemy. This loss was followed by that of Fort Washing- 
ton and Fort Lee in quick succession. Having crossed the 
North River into New Jersey, the General-in-Chief continued 
his retreat to Newark, New Brunswick, Princeton, and Trenton, 
closely pursued by Cornwallis. It was at this crisis in the af- 
fairs of the army that the removal of its hospital (in which two 
thousand sick and wounded were lying) from Morristown to 
some point in the interior became an imperative necessity ; and, 
on the third of December, an express rider brought the follow- 
ing order, addressed to the Rev. John Ettwein at Bethlehem : 



The Old Sun Inn. 57 

"According to his Excellency General Washington's order, 
the General Hospital of the army is removed to Bethlehem ; and 
you will do the greatest act of humanity by immediately provid- 
ing proper buildings for its reception. 

John Warren,* 
' ' Gen' I Surgeon to the Continental Army. 

Doctors Warren, Shippen, and Morgan f arrived on the even- 
ing of the aforementioned 3d of December, and took possession 
of a part of the large building at the foot of Main street (now the 
centre of the Young Ladies' Seminary) for the use of the hos- 
pital. Two hundred and fifty | sick and wounded occupied it 
next day, and it was the 27th of March, 1777, before the house 
was entirely evacuated. In that interval one hundred and ten 
of its inmates died. Their remains were interred on the hill-side 
on the right bank of the Manockasy. 

But meanwhile other distinguished men had been led by the 
fortunes of war to the once quiet town of Bethlehem. General 
Gates, at the head of a detachment of his command, arrived on 
the 17th of December, and was followed next day by General 
Sullivan with Lee's division of four thousand men, the latter 
chieftain having been captured a few days previous by some 
British cavalry at White's Tavern, near Basking Ridge, in New 
Jersey. 

Scarcely a week in the first eight months of 1777 but was 
marked by the movement of troops through Bethlehem, and the 

* A brother of the patriot Joseph Warren. Participated in the battle 
of Lexington ; in June of 1773 was made senior surgeon to the hospital, 
and after having accompanied the army through two years of peril and 
hardship, he was appointed to the charge of the military hospitals in 
Boston. 

fDr. John Morgan, of Philadelphia, who, with Dr. William Shippen, 
laid the permanent foundation of the medical institutions of our country. 
On his return from Europe in 1765, the former was appointed professor 
of the institutes of medicine, and the latter professor of anatomy in the 
Medical College at Philadelphia. 

X Provision had been made for the reception of others at Easton, Allen- 
town, and in their vicinity. 



58 The Pennsylvania-German Society. 

addition of some now historical name to the roll of those who 
sojourned at the old Sun Inn, John Adams and Lyman Hall 
(a signer of the Declaration of Independence from Georgia) 
spent the night of the 25th of January under its roof General 
Armstrong was a guest on the nth of March. Brigadier-Gen- 
eral Fermoy and General Gates followed in April, General 
Schuyler and staff in May (he was en route for Albany), and in 
June William Ellery and William Whipple, delegates to the Con- 
tinental Congress, respectively trom Rhode Island and New 
Hampshire. General Mifflin was at Bethlehem on the 25th of 
July, and General Schuyler a second time on the 14th of August. 
His family lodged for upwards of two weeks at The Sun. Fi- 
nally Generals Green and Knox arrived from head-quarters on 
the 23d of the last-mentioned month. 

With the beginning of September, 1777, opened the most 
eventful period in the Revolutionary history of Bethlehem. For 
scarcely had the excitement occasioned by the arrival from 
Reading of upwards of two hundred prisoners of war (one hun- 
dred of these were partisans of Donald McDonald from the Cross 
Creek settlement near Fayetteville, N. C.) fully subsided, when 
mtelligence came of reverses to the army, succeeded by a rumor 
that Bethlehem had been selected as headquarters. On the nth 
of September, as is known, was fought the battle of the Brandy- 
wine or Chad's Ford, at which point Washington had made an 
unsuccessful stand for the defence of Philadelphia. Following 
this disaster and Howe's movement upon the then federal city, 
the military stores of the army of the North were hurried inland 
from French Creek, and by the 23d of the aforementioned 
month upwards of nine hundred army wagons were in camp in 
the fields in the rear or north of the Sun Inn at Bethlehem. 
Meanwhile, Baron de Kalb and a corps of French engineers had 
arrived, their errand being to select an advantageous position 
for the army in the vicinity of the town, should Howe follow up 
his successes, and compel its shattered regiments once more to 
make a stand. A change in that general's programme, how- 
ever, drew the main army elsewhere, and thus Bethlehem failed 



The Old Sun Inn. 59 

to witness what might have proved a decisive engagement in a 
most critical period of the American Revolution. 

On the 19th of September, Dr. Jackson, of the hospital, 
brought the following order, addressed to the Rev. Mr. Ettwein, 
of Bethlehem: 

"Sir. — It gives me great pain to be obliged, by order of Con- 
gress, to send my sick and wounded soldiers to your peaceable 
village ; but so it is. We will want room for two thousand at 
Bethlehem, Easton, and Northampton, and you may expect 
them on Saturday or Sunday. These are dreadful times. I am 
truly concerned for your Society, and wish sincerely this stroke 
could be averted ; but it is impossible. 

"William Shippen." 

"On Saturday, the twentieth of September" (1777) writes a 
chronicler of those stirring times, ' 'we began to realize the extent 
of the panic that had stricken the inhabitants of the capital, as 
crowds of civilians, as well as men in military life, began to enter 
our town in the character of fugitives. Next day their numbers 
increased, and towards evening the first of the sick and wounded 
arrived. Among the latter was General La Fayette,* attended 
by his suite and General Woodford and Colonel Armstrong. 
The Continental Congress, too, was largely represented, num- 
bering some of its most influential members, — such as John 
Hancock, Samuel Adams, Henry Laurens, and Charles Thom- 
son. The Inn was crowded to its utmost capacity, and for want 
of room many were billeted at private houses and in the farm 
buildings." 

The centre of the present Young Ladies' Seminary was again 
vacated for the use of the hospital, and was occupied as such in 



* La Fayette, while at Bethlehem (he set out for White Marsh on the 
i8th of Octoberl, lodged in the house of Mr. Frederic Beckel, which, at 
that time, was the first dwelling south of the Sun Inn It was only re- 
cently removed by Mr. Ambrose Ranch. 



6o The Pennsylvania-German Society. 

the interval between the 20th of September, 1777, and the 15th 
of April, 1778.* 

There is an interesting letter extant in the handwriting of 
Richard Henry Lee, of Virginia, written, we read, at the Sun 
Inn, on the 22d of September, 1777, which has a direct bearing 
on this history. Its occasion was as follows : While Rev. Mr. 
Ettwein was conducting the lately arrived delegates to Congress 
through the Widows' and Sisters' Houses (the stone buildings 
on Church street), he took occasion to plead for their inmates, 
whose removal from their homes had been urged by the sur- 
geons in order to meet the growing wants of the hospital. His 
representations availing, Henry Laurens, on returning to the 
Inn, authorized Lee to indite the following order : 

Bethlehem, 22d, Sept., 1777. 
"Having here observed a diligent attention to the sick and 
wounded, and a benevolent desire to make the necessary pro- 
vision for the relief of the distressed as far as the power of the 
Brethren enables them, 

"We desire that all Continental officers may refrain from dis- 
turbing the persons or property of the Moravians in Bethlehem ; 
and, particularly, that they do not disturb or molest the houses 
where the women are assembled. 

"Given under our hands at the time and place above men- 
tioned. 

"John Hancock, Richard Henry Lee, 

Samuel Adams, Henry Laurens, 

James Duane, William Duer, 

Nathan Brownson, Cornelius Harnett, 

Nathaniel Folsom, Benjamin Harrison, 

Richard Law, Joseph Jones, 

Elyphalet Dyer, John Adams, 

Henry Marchant, William Williams, 

' ' Delegates to Congress. ' ' 

* It is recorded that seven hundred were in hospital in the Single 
Brethren's House on the 31st ot December, 1777, and that three hun- 



The Old Sun Inn. 6i 

The following extracts from the "Diary of John Adams" (see 
vol. ii. of his works) are here in place : 

'■'September 22, 1777- Monday — Dined at Shannon's in 
Easton at the Forks. Slept at Jansen's in Bethlehem. 

September 23. — Mr. Okely, Mr. Hasse, and Rev. Mr. Ett- 
wein came to see me. Mr. Ettwein showed us the Children's 
Meeting at half after eight o'clock, consisting of an organ and 
singing in the German language. Mr. Ettwein gave a discourse 
in German, and next in English. Miss Langley showed us the 
society of single women, and Mr. Ettwein the waterworks and 
the manufactories There are six sets of works in one building, 
— a hemp-mill, an oil-mill, a mill to grind bark for the tanner, 
and a fuller's mill, both of cloth and leather. They raise a good 
deal of madder. We walked among the rows of cherry trees, 
with spacious orchards of apple trees on each side of the cherry 
walk. The Society of Single Women have turned out for the 
sick. 

"September 2^-^. — Rode from Bethlehem through Allentown 
to a German tavern, about eighteen miles from Reading." 

It remains to be stated, before closing this review of the year 
1777 at Bethlehem, that John Hancock passed the nights of the 
2d and 3d of November at the Sun Inn (he had come from 
Yorktown, where Congress was in session), whence he set out 
the following morning under an escort of cavalry, which had 
been awaiting his arrival, for Boston. 

Alluding merely to other visitois of note who graced the old 
Inn with their presence during the first six months of 1778 
(many of these were on the way to or from Yorktown, where 
Congress sat until the beginning of July), — such as General 
Greene, General Gates and family, Ethan Allen, Baron Steuben, 
Pulaski, General Conway, Generals Mcintosh and Lewis, and 
Gouverneur Morris, — we have next to record the advent of a then 
very important personage in the eyes of the American people. 



dred deceased during the winter. There are therefore upwards of four 
hundred Revolutionary soldiers buried within the Hmits of modern 
Bethlehem 



62 The Pennsylvania-German Society. 

This M^as M. Gerard, who came to Bethlehem on the 25th of 
November of the last-mentioned year, Rev. Mr. Ettwein having 
been advised of his coming by the President of Congress in the 
following lines : 

"My Dear Friend. — M. Gerard, the Minister Plenipoten- 
tiary of France will be, provided he meets no obstruction on 
the road, at your place on Wednesday, the 25th inst., about 
midday. This worthy character merits regard from all the citi- 
zens of these States. An acquaintance with him will afford you 
satisfaction, and I am persuaded his visit will work no inconven- 
ience to your community. Don Juan de Miralles, a Spanish 
gentleman highly recommended by the Governor of Havana, 
will accompany M. Gerard. The whole suite may amount to 
six gentlemen, and perhaps a servant to each. I give this pre- 
vious intimation in order that preparation suitable to the occa- 
sion may be made by Mr, Jansen at the tavern, and otherwise 
as you think expedient. 

' ' Believe me, dear sir, to be with sincere respect and very 
great affection your friend and most humble servant, 

"Henry Laurens. 
"Philadelphia, 23d Nov., 1778. 
The Rev. Mr. Ettwein, Bethlehem." 

Lieutenant Aubury, a British officer who was at Bethlehem in 
the autumn of this "year, has the following flattering notice of 
The Sun : * "The tavern at this place is on a good plan, and 
well calculated for the convenience and accommodation of travel- 
lers. The building, which is very extensive, is divided through- 
out by a passage near thirty (?) feet wide. On each side are 
convenient apartments, consisting of a sitting-room, which leads 
into two separate bed chambers. All these are well lighted and 
have fire-places in them. On your arrival you are conducted to 
one of these apartments and delivered the key, so that you are 
as free from intrusion as if in your own house. Every other ac- 
commodation was equal to the first tavern in London. 



*.See his "Travels in America," London, 1789 



The Old Sun Inn. 63 

•see a larder displayed with plenty of fish, fowl and game. 
Another matter of surprise, as we have not met with the like in 
all our travels, was excellent wines of all sorts, which to us was a 
most delicious treat, — not having tasted any since we left Bos- 
ton, — for, notwithstanding the splendor and elegance of several 
families we visited in Virginia, wine was a stranger to their 
tables. For every apartment a servant is appointed to attend, 
whose whole duty it is to wait on the company belonging to it, 
;and who is as much your servant during your stay as one of 
your own domestics. The accommodation for horses is equal. 
In short, in planning this tavern they seem solely to have 
studied the ease, comfort, and convenience of travellers ; and it 
as built upon such an extensive scale that it can readily accom- 
modate one hundred and sixty persons." 

Burgoyne had surrendered his army of six thousand men to 
General Gates at Saratoga on the 17th of October, 1777. 
Among the prisoners made on that memorable occasion there 
were upwards of two thousand Brunswickers, under the com- 
mand of Baron Riedesel, who, with other officers, both German 
and British, passed through Bethlehem on the 5th of January, 
1779, €71 route for Virginia, to which State Congress had ordered 
.them on parole. The Baron was accompanied by his wife and 
ihree children, his chaplain, the Rev. John Augustus Milius, 
and Major-General Philips, of Burgoyne's army. On the 26th 
of September this distinguished company was again at Bethle- 
hem, and, after a short sojourn at Elizabethtown, we find its 
members inmates of The Sun a second time, and for upwards of 
a month, in the interval between the loth of October and the 
:22d of November. They had selected Bethlehem for a tempor- 
ary home (in preference to Nazareth), — Washington having 
given them this limited choice. Lieutenant Aubury states in 
his "Travels" that "General Philips had been so delighted with 
the Inn during his first sojourn (in January) that after he had 
quitted Virginia, not being permitted to go to New York on 

"You may be sure our surprise was not little, after having 
been accustomed to such miserable fare at other ordinaries, to 



64 The Pennsylvania- German Society. 

account of some military operations being on foot in the Jerseys^ 
he retired back some forty miles merely on account of its accom- 
modations. " 

The following extract from a translation of "Letters and 
Journals relating to the War of the American Revolution, by 
Mrs. General Riedesel" (New York, 1827), throws more light, 
upon this sojourn of these historical guests of the Sun Inn : 

"We now returned to Bethlehem, where my husband and 
General Philips were allowed by the Americans to remain until 
the particulars of the exchange, which was yet unfinished,, 
should be settled ; and, as our former landlord in this place had 
treated us with kind hospitality, we, all of us, determined to 
board with him, — all of jcs, being sixteen persons and four' 
house-servants. We had also about twenty horses. Our host 
would make us no definite agreement about the price, and as 
none of us had any money, this was very convenient, as he 
would cheerfully wait for his pay till we received some. We- 
supposed him to be an honest and reasonable man, and the 
more so as he belonged to the community of the Moravian 
Brethren, and the Inn was the one owned by that Society. But: 
how great was our surprise when, after a residence of six weeks, 
and just as we had received permission to go to New York, we 
were served with a bill of thirty-two thousand dollars,— that is to- 
say, in American paper money, which is about four hundred 
guineas. Had it not been for a royalist who just at this time- 
chanced to pass through the village seeking to purchase hard 
money at any price, we should have been placed in the greatest 
embarrassment, and would not have been able by any possibility 
to leave the town. From him we were so fortunate as to receive- 
for one piaster eighty dollars in paper money. 

"My husband suffered greatly the whole time from constant 
pains in the head, and at night he could scarcely breathe. To- 
obtain a little relief, he now accustomed himself to the use of 
snuff, a practice which until this period he had regarded with 
the greatest aversion. I first persuaded him to take one pinch. 
He believed that I was making fun of him ; but as the very next 



The Old Snn Inn. 65 

instant after trial he experienced relief, he exchanged his pipe 
for a snuff-box. My little Caroline was very sick with a choking 
cough, and as my health was delicate, we all heartily wished to 
reach New York as soon as possible." 

Meanwhile, however, a far more distinguished though an un- 
titled personage had added her name to the record of sojourners 
3X the Bethlehem Inn. This was Lady Washington, who ar- 
rived from Easton early in the morning of the 15th of June. 
She was accompanied by Generals Sullivan * and Maxwell and 
■other officers, besides her proper escort. The former returned 
to camp before noon. After dinner, the distinguished guest 
was waited upon by the clergymen, and shown the objects of in- 
terest in the town. She also attended worship in the evening, 
.and early in the morning of the i6th set out for Virginia. 

We have yet to mention the names of Joseph Reed, President 
of the Supreme Executive Council of Pennsylvania, of John 
Bayard, Speaker of the General Assembly, and of David Ritten- 
house, Treasurer of the State, as guests at the Inn during the 
last year of Mr. Jansen's administration of its affairs. 

The net profits of the house for the year ending with the 31st 
of May, 1776, were ;^I30 8^-. 2d., for the next year £,\2\, and 
for that ending with the 31st of May, 1778, ^150 i4.y. \d., 
which annual income was never exceeded to the close of the last 
■century. Mr. Jansen retired from the Inn in April of 178 1, and 
was followed by 

John Christian Ebert, * who conducted its affairs for upwards 
•of nine years. 

* Sullivan had his headquarters at Easton, where he was fitting out an 
expedition against the Indians on the Susquehanna. 

*Mr. Ebert was born at Ottenhayn in Upper Lusatia, in 1749. His 
father being chief huntsman of the Principality, the son was brought up 
to the same calling, and was also for a time forester on the estates. 
Having become attached to the Moravians, he immigrated in 1770, and 
settled at Bethlehem. Here he married Ann Rosina Jungmann, and 
thereupon took charge of the Inn. He died at that place in August of 
1799. 



66 The Pen7isylvania-German Soc ety. 

The most memorable occurrence that fell in this administra- 
tion was General Washington's sojourn at Bethlehem, in July of 
1782, while on his way to headquarters at Newburgh. "In the 
forenoon of the 25th of July," writes a chronicler of those times, 
" we had the honor of welcoming his Excellency General Wash- 
ington to our town. He was accompanied by two adjutants of 
his staff. Having been conducted through the large houses, 
and partaken of refreshments in the chapel of the Single Breth- 
ren's house, the illustrious visitor was escorted to the mills and 
shops on Water street, and afforded an opportunity of inspecting 
the water-works. He and his aids attended service in the even- 
ing, and early in the morning of the 26th set out from the Sun, 
via Easton and Hope, for Newburgh." 

In December of this year the Marquis de Chastellux, a major- 
general in the army of Rochambeau, sojourned a few days at 
Bethlehem. From a translation of his "Voyages dans 1' 
Amerique Septentrionale"* we extract the following, which has 
a bearing on the history of the old Inn at that place : "We had 
no difficulty in finding the tavern, for it is precisely at the en- 
trance of the town. The house was built at the expense of the 
Society of Moravian Brethren, to whom it formerly served as a 
magazine, and is very handsome and spacious. The person 
that keeps it is only the cashier, and is obliged to render an ac- 
count to the administrators." In a foot-note to this passage the 
translator adds : "This Inn, from its external appearance and its 
interior accommodations, is not inferior to the best of the large 
inns in England, which, indeed, it very much resembles in every 
respect. The first time I was at Bethlehem we remained there 
two or three days, and were constantly supplied with venison, 
moor-game, the most delicious red and yellow-bellied trout, the 

t "Travels in North America, in the years 1780, 1781, and 1782, by the 
Marquis de Chastellux. one of the forty members of the French Acad- 
emy, and Major-General in the French army, serving under the Count 
de Rochambeau." Translated from the French by an English gentle- 
man, who resided in America at that period, with notes by the translator.. 
London, 1787. 



77/^ Old Sun Bin. 67 

highest flavored wild strawberries, the most luxuriant asparagus, 
and the best vegetables, in short, I ever saw ; and notwith- 
standing the difficulty of procuring good wine and spirits at that 
period throughout the continent, we were here regaled with 
wine and brandy of the best quality, and exquisite old Port and 
Madeira." 

Dr. John Schepf, a German physician and an observant trav- 
eller, who made the tour of the Middle and Southern States, 
East Florida, and the Bahama Islands in 1783 and 1784, in his 
"Incidents of Travel" speaks of the Inn at Bethlehem in the 
following words : "Its accommodations equal those of the first 
hotels in America. The house is seldom without visitors, as, 
besides occasional travellers, it is the favorite resort of Philadel- 
phians, who are attracted by the good cheer its table is proverb- 
ial for offering. ' ' 

When, in the autumn of 1775, a boarding-school for young 
ladies (the same which to the present day fully sustains its 
hereditary reputation) was established at Bethlehem, its Inn ac- 
quired a new and desirable patronage, which proved a constant 
source of revenue, and on commencement day, year after year, 
crowded its precincts with a gay and happy throng. Mr. 
Ebert's reputation as a caterer and most obliging landlord is a 
matter of tradition as well as of history, being spoken of by old 
inhabitants of Bethlehem to the present day. 

The fifth in the succession of landlords at The Sun was 

Abraham Levering, who entered upon its management on the 
ist of June, 17QO. Mr. Levering was a son of John and Susan 
Levering, and was born at Nazareth in December of 1757. His 
wife, the popular hostess of the Inn for full nine years, was 
Christiana, a daughter of Lewis Cassler of Litiz. 

The events of interest which occurred during this administra- 
tion are briefly the following : 

In the first week of March of 1792 a deputation of Six Nation 
Indians, fifty-one chiefs and warriors, including Red Jacket, 
The Cornplanter, and Otsiquette, on the way to Philadelphia to 



68 The Pe7insylvania-Ge7'ma7i Society. 

meet Washington in conference, lodged at the Inn, with their 
teacher, the Rev. Samuel Kirkland. 

In 1795, on the completion of a public road leading due south 
across the Lehigh Mountain, the stage, which now arrived three 
times per week from Philadelphia, felinquished the old route 
that led through Hellertown and past Stoffel Wagner's, the 
same that had been travelled since the establishment of George 
Klein's first line. 

The 7th of March, 1799, was perhaps the most memorable 
day at the Inn in Mr. Levering's incumbency, it being the day 
on which John Fries and his partisans rescued some of their 
comrades from the hands of officers of the federal government. 
During the latter months of the year 1798, owing to several 
acts passed by Congress (one ordering the registering of the 
number and the measurement of windows as the basis of a direct 
tax), portions of Eastern Pennsylvania, including the counties 
of Bucks, Northampton, and Berks, became the scene of popu- 
lar excitement, and even riotous proceedings. "A person was 
in the act of measuring the windows of a house," states the 
Aurora, a Democratic journal in Philadelphia, "when a woman 
poured a shower of hot water on his head. Several of the as- 
sessors were intimidated from discharging their duties by threats 
of personal violence, until at last Government interfered. ' ' In 
Northampton county, which then included Lehigh, the malcon- 
tents were led on in these acts of aggression by one John Fries, 
whose custom it was to harass the public officers, pursuing them 
from place to place in companies of from fifty to sixty, all armed, 
and with drum and fife. While at Quakertown on the 6th of 
March, learning that Marshal Nicholls would be at Bethlehem 
on the following day to take bonds for their appearance at the 
next court from seventeen rioters whom he had arrested at 
various points. Fries resolved to effect their rescue. The people 
of Milford were invited to assist in the enterprise, and a paper 
setting forth their design was drawn up by their leader and 
signed by his adherents then present. On the morning of the 
yth of March twenty or more of the rioters met at the house of 



The Old Sun Inn. 69 

Conrad Marks. Fries was armed with a sword, and had a 
feather in his hat. As they proceeded along the road they were 
met by young Marks, who told them they might as well turn 
about, as the people of Northampton were able to effect the 
rescue without the assistance of men from Bucks. Some, there- 
fore, were inclined to do so, but at the instance of Fries and 
others they went forward. Meanwhile, however, another com- 
pany, intent upon the same errand, had arrived at the Bethle- 
hem bridge, where they were met by a deputation from the mar- 
shal, advising them to return home. Hereupon they sent three 
of their number to that officer to demand the unconditional 
release of his prisoners. While thus negotiating. Fries and his 
men, about noon, rode up to the bridge, arranged the toll, and, 
calling upon the motley crowd (there were upwards of two hun- 
dred, some on horseback, some on foot, and some in the uniform 
of the Whitehall Company) to follow, they crossed the bridge, 
and, to the sound of martial music, marched to The Sun. Here 
Fries, with the consent of his followers, demanded the prisoners, 
and when told by Nicholls that he could not surrender them ex- 
cept they were taken from him by force, the bold chieftain 
harangued his men, stating that this was the third day he had 
been out on the expedition, that he had had a skirmish the day 
before, and if the prisoners were not released he should have 
another that day. "Now, you observe," he continued, "that 
force is necessary ; but you must obey my orders. We will 
not go without taking the prisoners. But take my orders : you 
must not fire first, you must be fired upon ; and when I am gone 
you must do as well as you can, as I expect to be the first man 
that falls." He further declared to the marshal that they would 
fight till a cloud of smoke prevented them seeing each other. 
Intimidated by this show of resistance, the prisoners were lib- 
erated, although they insisted on proceeding to Philadelphia to 
abide the decision of the law, and amid loud huzzas the insur- 
gents dispersed. 



JO The Pennsylvania-German Society. 

In April of this year "the stage was extended from Bethlehem 
to Easton, setting out every Monday and Thursday at half-past 
three a. m. from Jacob Opps' tavern in the latter place, the Sun 
tavern at Bethlehem at six o'clock, thence by way of Quaker- 
town, and arriving at the Franklin Head on Second street in 
Philadelphia on the same evening. Fare, from Bethlehem to 
Philadelphia, $2.75." 

Rev. John C. Ogden, an Episcopal clergyman who visited 
Bethlehem during the last month of Mr. Levering' s incumbency, 
has the following notice of our Inn : "It is a stone building, 
with four large rooms on the first, second, and third floors. 
Those on the second and third floors are in part subdivided into 
two small and a large room. In this way parties or gentlemen 
with servants are accommodated almost as separate families. 
Fifty persons may be quartered here conveniently." 

Mr. Levering retired from the Inn in June of 1799. Subse* 
quently he took charge of the estates of the Moravian congrega- 
tion at Litiz, Lancaster county, whence he returned to Bethle- 
hem circa 1832. Here he died in March of 1835. 

His successor at The Sun was 

John Lennert, whose administration of its concerns closed on 
the ist of June, 1805. There is extant a waste-book kept by 
the clerk of the house for the years 1801, 1802, and 1803, from 
which we extract the following memoranda, as illustrating the 
modes of travel in vogue in those days, and also the character of 
the guests whom business or pleasure was wont to bring to the 
Bethlehem Inn : 

1801. 

''June 20. — A gentleman and a lady in a chair." 
' 'June 24. — A family from Philadelphia in a stage, and driver." 
^'July 4. — A gentleman in the stage. One glass of punch." 
"July 8. — A company in a stage with four horses and driver. 

Eight breakfasts, 8 dinners, 16 suppers, i gin spirits, i bottle 

porter, 2 pints Port. £2. 18. i." 
''July 12. — A lady dressed in black." 



The Old Sun Inn. 71 

''July 15. — A company of French gentlemen with a servant. 

Four suppers, 4 breakfasts, 4 dinners, 5 bottles porter, 2 bowls 

punch, I pint Lisbon." 

"Two gentlemen in a curricle, three horses and one servant." 
''July 29. — A company of ladies and gentlemen in a carriage. 

N. B. — The ladies had a bottle of porter every day at dinner." 
"August 12. — A gentleman in a Windsor chair." 
"August 26. — A company from Maryland in chairs, viz : One 

gentleman, two children, and one negro servant. Six suppers, 

3 breakfasts, 3 dinners, 2 glasses brandy, 2}( pints Teneriffe, 

I glass sangaree. " 

"August 2^. — A company of actors. Twelve suppers, 12 

breakfasts, 9 dinners, 12 gills brandy. " 

"September i — A company in a Jersey wagon." 
"September 12. — A gentleman and a lady in a phaeton." 
"November 28. — General Lee, 6 horses and 4 servants. Five 

dinners, i bottle Madeira, 5 quarts beer, 5^^ pints brandy." 

1802. 

April 18. — A gentleman from Federal City in a stage." 
"June 4. — A gentleman and lady on horseback, 4 horses and 
one servant." 

"June 30. — A company in a carriage, 3 horses, 2 black ser- 
vants, and one nurse." 

"August 22. — Mrs. Wade Hampton and two boys in a car- 
riage, 2 horses and i servant. ^14. 7. i." 

"September 18. — The President of Cambridge University." 
"October 3, — A gentleman in a 'Sopus wagon.' " 
"October 9. — Three French gentlemen and one servant." 
"October 20. — General Davis, Governor of North Carolina 
one child and negro servant in chairs. ' ' 

1803. 

"June 7. — Commodore Berry of the ship United States, and 
negro servant. ' ' 

"July 29. — A gentleman and family of six children, two 
black girls and two drivers from Baltimore." 



72 The Peniisylvania-German Society. 

Although much of the travel at this time was by private con- 
veyance, the Sun was the house for a number of stages, among 
which are named Sellers', Stoehr's, Silas', Rinker's, and 
Peters'. 

Subsequent to his retirement from the Inn at Bethlehem, Mr. 
Lennert removed to Salem, N. C. , where he took charge of a 
house of entertainment, and where he died circa 1815. 

Christian G. Paulus * and Ann Johanna, his wife, were host 
and hostess of the Sun between June of 1805 and June of 181 1. 
The following were points, with their distances, on "the lower" 
or Hellertown Road to Philadelphia, at which the stages that 
travelled between Philadelphia and Bethlehem were accustomed 
to stop in 1809 : f 

"From Philadelphia to B. Davis .... 16 miles. 



" " Baptist Meeting . 

" " Housekeeper's . 

" " Swamp meeting . 

Stoffel Wagner'sJ 
" " Bethlehem . . . 



23 
25 
38 
47 
53 



Joseph Rice, who conducted the Nazareth Inn from October 
of 1808 to June of i8n, succeeded Mr. Paulus at the Sun, and 
in 1 8 16 §was followed by 

*Mr. Paulus was a native ofNeukirch, Saxony, whence he immigrated 
in 1795, and settled in Bethlehem. His wife was from Hope, New Jer- 
sey. Both deceased at Bethlehem in the autumn of 182 1. 

t Britmeyer's German-American Almanac for 1809. Germantown, Pa. 

X Wagner's tavern, subsequently Woodring's, a short mile south from 
Hellertown, was built in 1752, on a tract of one hundred and eighty-four 
acres which was patented to Stoffel Wagner in June of that year by 
Thomas and Richard Penn. La Fayette stopped at Wagner's on his 
way to Bethlehem after the battle of the Brandywine. Old Stoffel died 
circa\%\2, upwards of eighty years of age, and lies buried at Apple's 
church near Leithsville. Mr. Charles Wagner, at the mill in Hellertown, 
is a great-grandson. 

\ Mr. Rice died at Bethlehem in October of 1831. 

It should here be stated that in the interval between 1800 and 1817 the 
Sun was the headquarters of one Nicholas Kraemer, who ran a brilliant 
career as a land speculator, with Northampton and Lehigh counties for 



The Old Sun Inn. 73 

Jacob Wolle, during whose administration the house was ren- 
ovated and materially changed in appearance, the Mansard-rooi 
being removed, a third story added, and the stone walls of the 
old building covered with a coat of rough-casting. 

The old public-house at Hellertown is almost a facsimile of 
The Sun as it was as late as 1852. 

It must not be forgotten that Daniel Green, called Doctor 
Green, a man not unknown to fame, took up his abode at the 
Inn during this incumbency, and for full thirty years entertained 
its guests in the capacity of cicerojie. Mr. Wolle retired in 
April of 1827, and he died at Bethlehem in April of 1863. 

Matthew Crist was his successor, and was the last salaried 
landlord employed by the Moravian Society. His administra- 
tion closed in April of 1830. 

Henceforward, until the sale of the Inn in 1851, it was let for 
an annual rent to landlords, most of whom were not members of 
the Moravian Society. The first of these was 

George Atherton, between 1830 and 1838. He was suc- 



the field of his bold operations. Kraemer was of humble origin, with- 
out any education or means, but gifted with genius for combinations 
and with nerve to assume the most hazardous risks. These traits, when 
once he appeared before the public as a land-jobber, won for him its 
confidence and next its admiration, and in time homage was paid to 
him as though he were a king. When in the zenith of his glory he re- 
sided at Nelighsville in Allen township, whence he would repair weekly 
to Bethlehem to hold court at the Sun Inn. On these occasions the 
house assumed the character of an exchange, its rooms and halls being 
crowded by the yeomanry of Northampton and the adjacent counties, 
all eager to buy or sell or barter, infatuated as much by the presence of 
Kraemer as by the excitement of the busy scene. Thousands of acres 
and tens of thousands of dollars passed hands almost reckless during the 
sessions of this novel court. So Kraemer grew rich, and spending lib- 
erally for his subjects (he kept free house at the Sun on court days), the 
Inn drew revenue largely from his purse. But as the bubble grew in 
circumference, it grew thin, aud then burst, and so it happened that 
Nicholas Kraemer saw the day when the wreck of his fictitiously mag- 
nificent fortune was sold at sherift's sale, and he died a poor man. 



74 The Pennsylvania-German Society. 

ceeded by George Ziegler, C. Edward Seidel, Preston Brock, 
Tilghman Rupp, and George Shober. 

This brings us to the year 1851, in July of which year the old 
Sun Inn and its surroundings were sold by Philip H. Goepp, 
in behalf of the Moravians, to Charles A. Luckenbach for eight 
thousand dollars. In September of the aforementioned year 
the new proprietor sold an undivided half part of the property to 
John Anderson, of New York, — he of " Solace" tobacco fame, 
— whereupon the house was enlarged to its present dimensions, 
thoroughly renovated, and its management intrusted to 

James Leibert, who, in April of 1856, in turn became the pro- 
prietor of the new Sun Hotel, whose reputation he built up anew. 
Mr. Leibert died in October of 1863. In April of 1864 Rufus 
A. Grider purchased the house of C. A. Luckenbach, adminis- 
trator of James Leibert, for thirty thousand dollars, at an ad- 
vance of ten thousand dollars. Mr. Grider conducted the house, 
of which he was proprietor for four years. 

Perhaps the most memorable day during this incumbency was 
the 3d ot November, 1865, it being the occasion of a dinner 
given by his friends to the Honorable Asa Packer, of Mauch 
Chunk, upon the announcement of the founding by him of the 
Lehigh University. It is stated that the meeting represented in 
the aggregate $300,000,000 capital. 

In March, 1868, Mr. Grider sold the Inn to the present pro- 
prietor, Charles Brodhead, for fifty thousand dollars, and it is 
now, as it always has been, a favorite place of sojourn for travel- 
lers, summer tourists, and business men. 

In the year 1892 the citizens of Bethlehem had a sesqui-cen- 
tennial celebration of the settlement of the town by the Moravian 
Brethren. One of the features of the day was the marking of 
historical locations by monuments. Among the notable tablets 
was the one set in the walls of the Inn overlooking Main street, 
bearing the following inscription : 

" Sun Inn. 
"This Building was erected A. D. 175S by the Moravian Con- 
gregation as a House of Entertainment. 



The Old Sun Inn. 75 

" It was first licensed as an Inn June 17th, 1761, under George 

III., King of England. 
" This Memorial Tablet was placed here June 25th, 1892, on the 

occasion of the Sesqui-Centennial Celebration of the settlement 

of Bethlehem." 

The Inn has been enlarged and remodelled, but the old build- 
ing, with its massive walls and the chambers therein, are sub- 
stantially as they were when first opened for entertainment. 
Steam heat, electric lighting, and other modern improvements 
have been introduced, and it now has all the requisites of a first- 
class hotel, and no guest will be disappointed in his sojourn in 
what has been for one hundred and thirty-five years the Mo- 
ravian Sun Inn at Bethlehem. 



76 The Pennsylvania-German Society. 

The Evening Session, 8.30 o'clock p. m. 

The exercises in connection with the fifth annual 
banquet of the Society were of a most enjoj^able 
character. The excellent music of the evening was 
furnished by Werkheiser's orchestra. The dining 
hall was tastefully decorated with flags and palms. 
An especial feature of the occasion were the histori- 
cally^ valuable and interesting menu cards presented 
to the participants as souvenirs of the occasion. 
They were printed in black and red, upon parchment 
paper made for the government, presumably for bond 
purposes, in 1778. This paper came into the hands 
of Rev. J. Max Hark, D. D., chairman of the Local 
Committee, a year or so prior to the meeting then in 
session. Beside the menu and toasts there was shown, 
on the front page, a faithful cut of the first house in 
Bethlehem, built in 1741. 

After prayer by the Rev. Dr. Henry Mosser, of 
Reading, the toastmaster of the evening, Dr. Jacob 
H. Redsecker, of Lebanon, introduced the Rev. Prof. 
M. H. Richards, D. D., of T\luhlenberg College, 
AUentown, Pa., who responded to the toast : 

THE PENNSYLVANIA-GERMAN IN THE LEHIGH VALLEY. 

I congratulate the Pennsylvania-German Society, 
Mr. President, upon the felicitousness of its meeting 
to-night in the Lehigh valley ; and myself for being 
a resident in that valle}^ and a member of this Society. 
Historically considered, or otherwise, I am thus 
enabled to declare myself a citizen of no mean local- 
ity ; and, as a member of this Societ}^, I. can add, of 



Rev. Prof. Richards' Address. jj 

no inglorious stock. Our Society should certainly 
feel at home where its ancestry has been at home for 
a century and a half; and rejoice with honest pride 
in a homestead adorned with seats of learning, full of 
the throb of industries, alive with the movements of 
commerce, fed and nourished by its own farming 
lands, enriched by its own mines and quarries. We 
are, sir, a commonwealth in ourself ; and the back- 
bone of that commonwealth is still the Pennsylvania- 
German. " The Forks of the Delaware "is an an- 
cient name, embracing what an early publication 
calls the " luxuriant Kittatinny valley," and includ- 
ing what we still call familiarly the " dry lands." 
Upon this limestone tract, in colonial days, our an- 
cestors found room and refuge, a fringe upon the as 
yet scanty settlement of Penn's province. " Honest, 
industrious, and frugal," as the same early authority 
declares them to have been, and as they are even yet, 
they reduced the wild lands of this great tract into 
the servitude of the plow, humble producers, quiet 
neighbors, loyal subjects of the deputies of the great 
proprietor. Their growth was like that of some great 
tree, the striking of roots deeper and deeper under 
ground, the noiseless spread of fruitful branches in 
the air above. 

Naturall}^ there is little to say of such a period. 
Valuable as such life is to the commonwealth, it fur- 
nished no salient points for the paragrapher, no sen- 
sational column for the press. Speaking their own 
tongue, an alien element to the ruling English, with 
no share in local government, they were of necessity 



yS The Pejuisylvania-Germaii Society. 

spectators nierel}^, or sufferers casualh% as these acted. 
\Vhen tlie Indian tribes gathered in council at the 
Forks of the Delaware, the English, not our ances- 
tors, were the men who negotiated with Teedyuscung, 
the great chief, usually to his disadvantage. When 
the boundar}'- lines were fixed by the tricky "walking 
purchase," they may have seen the passing of those 
Avho stretched the limits thus beyond the intent of 
the Indian, but the English were the inventors of the 
scheme and those who made profit out of it. It was 
our part to suffer in the indiscriminate rage that fol- 
lowed ; and to endeavor in vain to shelter the 
Christianized Indian from the equally indiscriminate 
wrath of the Scotch-Irish settler. 

Revolutionary times followed and made a citizen of 
the Pennsylvania-German of the Lehigh valley. 
While the surging billows of that struggle did not 
penetrate into its secure remoteness, their undula- 
tions and back waters did find their way thither 
time and again. This very hostelry in which we 
meet, sheltered under its roof Continental soldier and 
British captive. In yonder neighboring chapel the 
banner of Pulaski is pictured by Longfellow as hav- 
ing been presented to him for whom it was to become 
a glorious winding sheet and shroud. In my own 
•city of Allentown the Liberty Bell lay hidden until it 
might once more safely swing and ring and proclaim 
the accomplished fact of its earlier prophecy. The 
German was loyal to his adopted country's freedom, 
and sealed it with as full a measure of his blood as 
those who have been given the richer laurels of his- 



Rev. Prof. Richards' Address. 79 

torical reputation. We lacked not heroes ; we have 
but lacked the boldness of our own trumpeting. 

And now a new epoch dawns upon our valley. 
The Indian vanishes, the alarm of revolutionary war- 
fare is stilled, the Forks of the Delaware change 
gradually into Northampton county and Lehigh 
county; and Bethlehem, Easton, Allentown, are 
names rising into prominence as important towns, no 
longer outposts, no longer mere stations. Civiliza- 
tion spreads beyond the Kittatinny mountain, and 
"Carbon " county designates the new industry ready 
to pour its wealth into the resources of the Lehigh 
valley. The politics of the valley are foreshadowed 
in a sort of comical tragedy in '' John Fries' rebellion'^ 
in 1798 ; and the business awakening of a later day 
in the "successful experiment" of reducing iron ore 
with anthracite carried on at "Beary's bridge" 
(Catasauqua). The time had clearly come, as this 
epoch drew to a close, when the valley was to be 
known not by its agriculture but by its manufactures, 
and these were to be the combination of iron ore, coal 
and limestone; and their resolution into the metal 
the most useful of all. 

Let us pause a moment, even in so hurried an out- 
line as this must needs be, occupying but a breathing 
space between the courses of our generous repast to- 
night, to notice the " cross-fertilization " of the Penn- 
sylvania-German in the Lehigh valley, as brought 
about by this invading rush of the miner, the reducer 
of ores, the manufacturer of iron, the merchant, and 
the common carrier. These were the occupations of 



8o The Pe7i7isylvania-German Society. 

other races rather than that of our own ; and yet inta 
these occupations we have gone, intermarried with 
these races we have been ; our valley is, so to speak, 
" cross-fertilized" even as our Teutonic English 
tongue was cross-fertilized with French by the Nor- 
man Conquest. But even as that English language 
is still a Teutonic tongue, and not a Latin or French 
speech, so we may justly claim that our valle}^ is 
Germanic still, and not an Irish or Welsh or English 
one. 

We Germans are a stubborn race ; Varus and his 
legions attested that by their unburied bones, lying 
where they fell before the great Herman. Home 
could not subdue them or keep them subdued. So in 
this composite of inter-marriage the German trait 
dominated and prevails. Let us be generous. Let 
us concede that cross-fertilization has improved the 
stock. The grafted olive is better than the wild 
olive. Our valley has found in this invasion of other 
nationalities, in the consequent diversity of pursuits, 
the challenging of conflicting ideas, the shock of 
foreign customs, an awakening and a leavening 
which has been keener vision to its eyes, quicker 
coursing of the life-blood in its veins. We may re- 
gret the vanishing of the homely simplicity of the 
past, as a matter of sentiment, but we cannot refuse 
to pride ourselves in the vigor and polish of the 
present as a matter of fact. 

And now, gentlemen of the society, it is to the Le- 
high valley as it is, to the Pennsylvania-German in 
hat valley as he is to-da}^, that we bid 3'ou look.. 



Rev. Prof. Richards' Address. 8i 

We claim all these as our jewels, whether imported 
from afar or found indigenous in our soil. They 
have been assimilated far more than the native stock 
has been modified ; we are the abiding element, and 
we are as confident of the future as we are indisput- 
ably owners of the past. It is a trick of those who 
would disparage our Pennsylvania-German element 
to select the rudest specimen of it and place him side 
by side with the most refined example of their own 
race, and then bid us look " upon this picture and on 
that." How readily we could return the compliment 
if the selection of specimens were left to us. There 
is the old fable of the man and the lion looking at a 
picture representing men and lions waging deadly 
battle. Of course, in the picture, the men were sub- 
duing the lions. " You see," said the man to the 
lion, "that shows how superior men are to lions." 
" You see," said the lion to the man, "that the picture 
was painted by a man." Gentlemen, the moral of 
this old fable is the justification of the founding of 
our Society. It had become high time for us Penn- 
sylvania-Germans to paint our own picture, instead 
of letting others do it for us. 

But I need not paint the Lehigh Valley in word 
picture for you to-night. I could not, for time would 
fail and night have flown before I could bid all her 
towers and palaces rise before you, or call her roll of 
honored names or catalogue her stores of wealth, or 
enumerate her evidences of progress, enlightenment, 
culture, education, religion. Her spires rise heaven- 
ward as well as the smoke of her furnaces ; the bells 



82 The Pennsylvani a-Gennan Soc ety. 

of her universities and colleges and seminaries are 
sounds just as familiar as those of the locomotives ; 
the vigor of youth, the strength of manhood, these 
are the fitting types of her social and economic sta- 
tus. With devout reverence and with the deeper 
thought which is the heritage of our Germanic origin, 
let us refuse to boast of the superior cleverness of 
our ancestors in finding this glorious valley, or in 
entering in and possessing it for themselves and 
theirs ; and let us more profoundly avow that God 
led them to it as unto a promised land that they 
might dwell there in peaceful lives to serve Him by 
godliness and honesty. May that same Providence 
lovingly keep the Pennsylvania-German in the Le- 
high valley for all the years that are to come ! 

After Dr. Richards' able address, the Toast master 
introduced Lee L. Grumbine, Esq., of Lebanon, 
founder and former editor of the Lebanon Report^ 
who responded most happily to the toast of 

THE PENNSYLVANIA-GERMAN IN JOURNALISM AND 
LITERATURE. 

Mr. Cha rman : Had this sentiment, "The Penn- 
sylvania-German in Journalism and Literature," been 
proposed say five years ago — before the organization 
of our Society, the response is likely to have been, in 
the language of the small boy, that he isn't "in it." 
But he is. The Pennsylvania-German is in it. Not 
only in journalism and literature, but in everything. 
He is like Dickens's Cobbs, — the famous Cobbs of 
multifarious experiences, whose acquaintance we 



Addrrss of Lee L. Gnimbine, Esq. 83 

make in the honest but humble office of all-around- 
man in the " Holly Tree Inn." When he was regal. 
ing the casual traveller who was belated at the coun- 
try-side hostelry, with stories of the many exploits 
in his checkered career, he replied in answer to the 
self-propounded question, " Where had he been in 
his time ? " " Lord, he had been everywhere ! " and 
almost every day brings me fresh and astonishing 
evidence that the Pennsylvania-German, like the cos- 
mopolitan Cobbs, has been indeed everywhere, and 
in everything, and is there now/'' Just the other day 
I confess to having been tremendously surprised by 
a witness whom I called in a case for damages to a 
barn alleged to have been due to the carelessness and 
negligence of a tenant. For some reason the case 
had stirred up considerable local interest among the 
neighbors. Calling to the stand what appeared to 
be an unsophisticated farm laborer, to describe the 
damage done, he dramatically sprang to his feet at 
the interesting point and with uplifted hand and 
tragic voice exclaimed (in Dutch) " I have been up 
and down in this world, over land and over sea, east 
and west, north and south. I have smoked fine cut 
in the calumet of the red man of the plains ; I have 



*NoTE — ^July I, 1896. — Where you least expect to find him you run up 
against him. Who would have thought of finding him in the Irish name 
of McKinley, and yet Governor McKinley's mother was a Pennsylvania- 
German woman from York county ; Joshua Levering, the Prohibition 
nominee for President, is indisputably a Pennsylvania-German name ; 
and since, at this proof reading, the Democratic and Populist nomina- 
tions have not yet been made, the Society is relieved from further claims, 
or explanations in this direction ! 



'84 The Pe7i7isylvania-Ge7'7nan Society. 

shared the hospitality of the jovial Esquimaux; I have 
dwelt among the Hottentots and sojourned among 
the Mormons. I have broken rice bread with the 
pigtailed Chinaman and drank botzlebaumwasser 
with the unspeakable Turk ; the Hungarian has been 
my neighbor and the Ethiopian my companion ; " 
but he declared, in all his varied and manj^-sided 
adventures he never encountered so outrageous a 
thing as this profane violation of my client's barn 
roof! I suspected for the moment that my ex- 
cited witness was laboring under a mental hallucina- 
tion, but was assured that the eccentric Yokel before 
me was a veritable Pennsylvania-Dutch Bohemian 
and globe-trotter. 

You will pardon me for referring to a second inci- 
dent in this case. The defendant was a Dunkard 
and outwardly wore the customary signs of piety 
peculiar to that sect, which curiously enough are 
supposed to stand as marks of humility. Among this 
people, as is well known, prevails the fashion (if so 
worldly and profane a word be admissible,) of wear- 
ing their long straight-cut hair, parted in the middle 
and hung in loose locks behind their ears. I have 
already intimated that the defendant seemed to have 
forfeited the respect of his neighbors — perhaps by his 
apostasy from his profession of non-resistance, per- 
haps by this act of careless husbandry, which was 
resented as a reflection upon the ancient and honor- 
able calling; and another of the plaintifl:'s witnesses 
feelings to manifest themselves in querulous and con- 
who had mean time visited the tavern, permitted his 



Address of Lee L. Grinnbine, Esq. 85 

temptuous upbraidings of the Dunkard litigant, and 
among other choice examples of Dutch rhetoric was 
this picturesquely bucolic figure : "Now" said he, 
referring to the brother's long hair, and indicating 
the regard in which he held his professions of piety, 
"Now Konnsht fer dammtsei dei Mawne widder for 
die Kommet shpay henke !" This is mentioned as 
an example of what the Pennsylvania-German may 
do in literature under the freedom of an unrestrained 
fancy and the stimulus of strong poetic feeling. 

The Pennsylvania-German in journalism? To be 
sure he is, and not only in Pennsylvania. Last July 
I had occasion to visit a newspaper office down in the 
mineral region of the Ozark Mountains in southern 
Missouri. I called of course principally to obtain a 
personal notice, and having been a newspaper 
man myself, I could well appreciate the great 
favor that is bestowed upon an editor under 
such circumstances. Incidentally, however, I wanted 
to put an advertisement in his paper; but what I 
wish to bring out is the fact that this western editor 
becomes a subject of interest here to-night by reason 
of our toast. Who was he ? His name was Kli Ake, 
and being prepared for any playful idiosyncrasy on 
the part of the wild west, and bearing in mind the 
peculiar Indian custom of naming a child by the first 
object that suggests itself after birth, I naturally 
speculated, considering the common trouble to which 
infants are addicted everywhere, as well as the colicky 
suggestions of this peculiar name — AH Ake, whether 
it was not perhaps a corruption of Bauch Weh. But 



86 The Peiinsylvania-German Society. 

no, my etymological hypothesis was at fault. He 
was a Pennsylvania Dutchman from Bedford county, 
and his name was Eli Ake. Now if it were not for 
Jiaj rowing your feelings, Mr. President, I could speak 
of many such instances. I felt as though I was 
scarcely out of one of the neighboring counties in 
eastern Pennsylvania, Everywhere were the familiar 
names, indestructible evidence of their owners' Penn- 
sylvania-German extraction — Yocum, Shultz, Schock, 
Hartman, Zimmerman, Houck, Bomgardner, Strick- 
ler, Bowman, Swartz, Hoff, Buchman, are among the 
many Pennsylvania-German names thickly sprinkled 
in with those upon the business signs, professional 
shingles and newspaper locals of all that section. 

A few hundred miles north, the magnificent city 
on the Father of Waters is the home of Brother 
Ziegler, the Dutch poet of the Mississippi who cap- 
tured the divine afflatus somewhere in Centre county. 
He courted the muse after the Dutch fashion "Sam- 
stag Ovet's," and she coyly replied "Kitzel Mich Net." 

In Hagerstown, Md., I walked into a newspaper 
office several years ago and found the editor who was 
also the superintendent of public schools, a Pennsyl- 
vania-German by the name of Witmer. All that 
region is full of them, descendants of the adventurous 
pioneers who, seeking a new home in the western 
world, penetrated on down the Cumberland and Shen- 
andoah valleys a century and more ago. 

In Whittier's Fredericktown in the same state, as 
I was registering at a hotel one evening, a total 
stranger, not knowing a soul and no one knowing 



Address of Lee L. Grmnbme, Esq. 87 

me,- I was not a little surprised to hear my name 
spoken. Looking up to see who addressed me I ob- 
served that the person who bore my patronymic and 
who answered the salutation was — not an editor, to be 
sure, nor yet, so far as I am aware, a shining light 
in literature, but what is of vastly greater conse- 
quence he filled the post of that superior function- 
ary known as the hotel clerk. Imagine, if you can, 
the crushed state of my insignificance. I make not 
the least doubt from what he told me that he is a 
limb from the Schaefferstown branch of the original 
family tree — Leonhart Krumbein, from the Pala- 
tinate or Mentz, who sailed from Rotterdam in the 
good ship "Brothers" in the year 1754. And speak- 
ing of the city of Frederick, I have long since be- 
lieved and am ready to maintain, both from internal 
and external evidence as the theologians say, that 
the glorious and brave old Barbara Frietchie who de- 
fied the troops of Stonewall Jackson, was a Penn- 
S3dvania-German Dame who lives henceforth in 
literature side by side with the immortal heroines, 
Joan of Arc and Boadicea, Moll Pitcher and 
Lydia Pinkham ! Gesundheit zu der Alte Bevvy ! 
I would here respectfully suggest to John Kendrick 
Bangs that he arrange a reception in her honor 
among the immortals in the House Boat on the Styx, 
say on Washington's birthday or next Memorial 
Day, on which occasion the poetry committee, con- 
sisting of John G. Whittier, Frederick Schiller, 
William Shakespeare, Francis Scott Ke}^ and Dr. 
Harbaugh, would like to present the following verses: 



88 The Pe7i7isylvania-German Society, 

DIE ALT BEVVY FRIETCHIE. 

Aus greene Felder, mit Frichte reich, 
In der morge Kuehle, im schoene Deich, 

Ummaurt bei greene Hivvel, dort 

Stehn die Kirchethurm der Frederick Stadt. 

Mit Eppel un' Pershing bame rings rumkehrt 
Ke' Land meh' lieblich 'uf gonser Erd. 

Herrlich shtreckt's vor wie'n Gottes Garte 
Zu de hungriche Aage der rebel Soldate. 

Wie seller September Morge, free, 
Marcht ivver der Berg der General Lee — 

Ivver der Berg die Rebels sin kumme, 
Mit Geil un' Mann die Stadt eig' numme ! 

Meh' a's ferzig Flags wie rothe Fecht-hahne — 
Ivverall flattern die rebel Fahne 

Im morge Wind ; die mittags Sonn, 
Die seht ke' e'nziger Union Mann ! 

Dann kommt die alt Barbara Frietchie vor, 
Gebeicht mit ihr achtzig un' zehn Yohr. 

In gonser Stadt, herzhaftigsht von AUe, 
So g'schwind is der Union Flag gefalle 

Hat sie'n wieder 'nuf zu ihr Fenster 'naus 
'Swar noch e' treii Herz in sellem Haus. 

Die Shtrose r'uf kommt der rebel Schritt, 
Der Stonewall Jackson, am head, reut mit. 

Unner seim Hutranft, wie er geht 
Blickt links un' rechts ; der alt Flag seht. 

"Halt ! "—Die shta'bige Ranks shtehn shtill ; 
"Fire ! " Laut kracht das Biichse Gebrill. 

Es brecht das Fenster zu Shtickere nei' ! 
Es reisst der Fahne zu Zottle fei' ! 

Schnell wie er fallt, vom Stock ab bruch 
Die Barbara greift das Seidich Duch. 

Sie lahnt weit 'naus ivver's Fensterschwell 
Un' schittelt der Fahne hoch un' schnell. 



Address of Lee L. Grumbine^ Esq. 89 

"Schiess, won du wit, der alt grau Kop,' 
Dei Land's Flag spahr ! " Un' 'uf un' ab 

Schvvenkt sie den Flag. Wie'n Schatte vor's Licht, 
Die Schaam-roeth' ziegt ivver sei Gesicht. 

Ihr That un' Worte mach' ihm Schmerz, 
Sei bessere Nature erquickt im Herz. 

"Wer 'n Haar uf selm weise Kop' verletzt 
Geht todt wie'n Hund ! '' hats' g'he'se yetzt. 

Dorch Frederick Shtrose der gonse Dag, 
Soldate Schritt die Ohre schlag. 

Der gons Dag lang der alt Flag schwebt, 
Von rebel Haend net' a'geregt. 

Die Shtrefe flattern hi und her, 
Im treue Wind der liebt sie sehr. 

Sanft Ovet-licht shtraalt ivver Berg, 
E'n liebes Gruss zu Barbara's Werk. 

Ihr Werk in dare Welt verbei ; 
Un rebel Soldate j'etz wieder treu ! 

Hoch Ehr, zu der Bevvy ! Um ihr Wille' weint 
E' Thraen ufs Grab ihr rebel Feind. 

In Friede lasst ruhe ihre Shtaab ! 
Freiheit's Fahne 'uf ihrem Grab. 

Friede, Ordnung, Gerechtigkeit, 

Ziegt um die Zeiche des Landes Freiheit. 

Un' immer, dir Lichter aus Himmel's Feme 
Guckt runner mit Lieb uf ihr erdische Sterne ! 

I would remind you that I was speaking about the 
Pennsylvania-German in journalism and literature. 
Would you believe it, in a small inland town of Yates 
Co., New York, I found two Pennsylvania-Germans 
from Berks county running the village newspaper. 
They belonged to the illustrious and so to speak uni- 
versal family of Smith. Strange to say I once knew 
a man by that name. It was in my college days, 



90 The Pennsylvania-German Society. 

and his first name was John. He was extremely 
sensitive on the subject of his name. He would have 
done anything to get rid of it. He must have suc- 
ceeded for I haven't heard of him since. Whenever 
there was occasion to mention the name Smith, he 
would contemptuously grunt out the muttered ex- 
clamation, " Huh ! Another of them goll-durned 
Smiths ! " Here were two of them, Pennsylvania 
Dutch ones at that, in a Yankee constituency, pub- 
lishing the leading newspaper. The same New 
York village furnishes an example of the Pennsyl- 
vania-German in literature. It is the home of the 
writer of that successful and justly famous Berks 
county novel called "Enemies in the Rear." Al- 
though its author is not yet a member of our Society, 
I doubt not that its influence had something to do in 
stimulating its production. I know the book has 
been sharply criticised as misrepresenting the Penn- 
sylvania-German life. I do not think that it does. 
In its character portrayals it seems to me to be abso- 
lutely true to nature. Perhaps a superficial reading 
might produce the impression that the author brings 
the charge of disloyalty against the Pennsylvania- 
Germans. This indeed would have to be resented if 
it were so ; but it is more than set off by the credit 
given to the Ringgold Artillery from Reading that 
first reported at Washington for duty, and the book 
very generously presents the opposite character in 
Dr. Heifer, the radical abolitionist. Squire Zwei- 
springer, a type of the conservative but loyal war 
Democrat, and James Hartnagel and Charlie Ruth- 



Address of Lee L. Griimbine^ Esq. 91 

von, the brave young volunteers, representative of 
the many thousands who went to the front from 
Pennsylvania-German homes. 

It is unfortunately a fact, not to be conveniently 
ignored, that there were " Sheir Brueder" among us, 
and even now, I fear there are some who, under the 
specious plea of " personal liberty" are as recreant to 
patriotic duty, and as traitorous to moral principle in 
politics, as was any Knight of the Golden Circle to 
the moral issues of the war. I think Mr. Hoover's 
novel is a charming book even from a literary point 
alone. With the added charm of local interest and 
tradition, the quaint idioms, the familiar scenes, the 
peculiar customs, the well known home life, it be- 
comes altogether delightful. If here and there the 
translation of a colloquial expression misses the true 
spirit of the original like "By my sex ! " and "O 
thou beloved ground ! " it only adds a romantic flavor 
that need not at all interfere with one's relish of the 
book. It is a matter in which the Society may feel 
some gratification, that it has had a highly successful 
run, and this little incident serves to show how ex- 
tensively the book has been read, even outside of the 
literary classes. I happened to pass the police sta- 
tion in my own city some weeks since, just as the 
ofi&cers were filing out before their chief, prior to go- 
ing on duty. As they did so, a man advancing in the 
opposite direction eyed them with a cautious side- 
long glance, at the same time giving them a wide 
berth by crossing out into the middle of the street as 
if he didn't care to come within too close reach. As 



92 The Penitsylvaiiia-German Society. 

he did so he exclaimed in a bantering tone, "Jim- 
miny fires ! was for'n hell of a brigade is now sell ? 
Sell muss denk dem Hoover sei ferflammt hevvel 
brieade sei !" He had read the famous retreat of the 
Copton brigade before the onslaught of the Reading 
Fire Company. 

Is it a wonder that the Pennsylvania-German is to 
be found everywhere ? We are the fourth, fifth and 
some perhaps sixth generation removed from Rupp's 
30,000 German immigrants. Allowing an average 
increase of three to each descendant, the Pennsyl- 
vania-German factor in American population at this 
rate, by arithmetical progression, must have reached 
the enormous number of some six or seven millions, 
or about i-io of the whole. You can make your own 
calculation. I won't guarantee mine, and perhaps it 
won't bear too close examination. Speaking of ex- 
aminations in connection with mathematics calls up 
unhappy memories. Well, I have the comfort to 
know that I "passed up ; " sometimes I nearly slipped 
up. But even in the dry field of mathematical liter- 
ature, the Pennsylvania-German takes high rank. 
Look at that great and standard work — Baer's 
Almanac von Lankester. Go deeper into the intri- 
cate science of logarithms and cosines ; the Pennsyl- 
vania-German is there. Ibach, the blacksmith 
astronomer, of Newmanstown, in my own county, 
who for many years made astronomical observations 
and calculations for publishers of almanacs in this 
and other countries. And still further credit must 
be accorded the Pennsylvania-Germans in this con- 



Address of Lee L. Griimbtne^ Esq. 93 

nection when we remember the contributions to 
astronomical research by David Rittenhouse, the 
Philadelphia astronomer, and the princely munifi- 
cence of the founder of Lick Observatory, James 
Lick, a son of my own native town of Fredericksburg, 
Lebanon county, Pennsylvania. 

How can I indicate the achievement of the Penn- 
sylvania-German in journalism except by pointing 
to almost the entire press of Pennsylvania ? Allen- 
town, Reading, Lancaster, York, Harrisburg, Bethle- 
hem, Lebanon, Baston, Pottsville, and the host of 
smaller towns — the press of this whole region repre- 
sents the brain, energy and influence of the Pennsyl- 
vania-German editors and writers. I need only point 
you to a Zimmerman, a Diffenderffer, a Geist, a 
Mutchler, a Meyers, a Young, and the patriarchal 
Ranch to substantiate my claim. Even the press of 
our metropolis is largely the work and brains of 
Pennsylvania-German boys from the internal coun- 
ties ; witness a Zeller on the Tifues^ a Pennypacker, 
on the hiquirer^ a Sachse, on the Ledger^ and a John 
W. Forney, the founder of the Press. 

The Pennsylvania-German in literature ! I have 
already spoken too long, and how can one do justice 
to the magnificent scope of this subject after visiting 
the vast treasure house of literature to-day, in this 
town. I for one do not have the assurance to tackle 
it. It is as broad as literature itself, for almost every 
department of literature has its worthy representa- 
tives among the descendants of the Pennsylvania- 



94 The Pe7i7isylvania-Germa7t Society. 

German and wonld fill volumes of inspiring biogra- 
pll3^ I can but mention a few names in each. 

In History, Rupp and Egle of course stand pre- 
eminent, supplemented by the local work of Mont- 
gomery, Sec'y H. M. M. Richards, Croll and others, 
and the able church historians, Stoever and Krauth. 

In Educational work, Thomas Conrad Porter, M. 
H. Richards, Sadtler, Stahr, Wolle, Hark, Baer, 
Buehrle, Schaeffer, Houck, Home and scores of 
others, alike the product of and inspiration to further 
cultivation of the Pennsylvania-German's love of 
knowledge. 

In Medicine, Dewees, Gross, Sell, Steiner, Eberle, 
Rauch, Eshleman and the Leidy Brothers, are bright 
stars whose light shines all over the world. 

In Law, Endlich, Albright, Bucher, Pennypacker, 
and scores of Pennsylvania jurists, who, by their 
labor and eminent learning have helped to build the 
jurisprudence of this state, and last, but by no means 
least ex-Justice Heydrick of the Supreme Court of 
Pennsylvania, and Justice Samuel Freeman Miller, 
late of the Supreme Court of the United States, are 
both descendants of Pennsylvania-German parentage, 
the former a member of this Society. 

In Botany, the names of Everhart, Rathvon, Roth- 
rock, Wolle, de Schweinitz and the learned Dr. Por- 
ter himself, stand as eminent contributors to the 
world's scientific knowledge. 

In Theology who will stop to enumerate the long 
list ? To do so and fairly describe their labors would 
be more than the task of a life time. Gerhart, Muh- 



Address of Lee L. Grunibine^ Esq. 95 

lenberg, Schmucker, ScHneck, de Schweinitz, 
Schaeffer, Mann, Seiss, Dubbs, Appel, Spangenberg, 
Spieker, Weidener, Gotwald — I wouldn't attempt to 
exhaust the long and illustrious list. 

In Poetry, Harbaugh, WoUenweber, Ziegler, Shee- 
leigh, and Bayard Taylor. Is that a surprise? 
Veril}^ it is the truth. He was born in Pennsylvania 
in 1825. 'T'hat supplies one element of the claim. 
He was the son of Joseph Taylor and Rebecca Weh, 
and was of Quaker and South German descent. His 
first American ancestor, Robert Taylor, was a rich 
Quaker who came over with Penn in 1681. His 
grandfather married a Lutheran of pure German 
blood and was excommunicated by the Quakers. 
The poet's mother was likewise a Lutheran, though 
attached to the Quaker doctrines and the Quaker 
speech and manners prevailed in her household, and 
though he wrote entirely in English, it is a well founded 
fact that both his mother and grandmother were Ger- 
man, and that supplies the second element in our claim. 

Chemistry has its Breneman and its Breidenbaugh. 
Metaphysics, its Ranch and its Hark. Hymnology, 
its Dubbs. Geology, its Diller, and Philology, its 
Haldeman and Kuhns. 

The lives of John Winebrenner, Jacob Albright, 
William Otterbein, Henry Boehm, and Jacob Gruber, 
show the force and capacity of the Pennsylvania- 
German as religious organizers and evangelists, and 
the record of their labors supplies in good part the 
emotional side of the somewhat stolid Pennsylvania- 
German character. 



96 The Perinsylvama-German Society. 

Even the drama has not been neglected, for Pina- 
fore and Hamlet have both been on the boards in 
Pennsylvania Dutch and an interesting farce-comedy 
has lately been published in the vernacular called 
"Die Inshurance Bisness." 

Biography, legend, tradition, adventure, fiction, 
each forms a separate field of labor in which earnest 
workers have wrought. 

It should be the work of this Society at the earliest 
possible day to gather together all these works in a 
library. The world would be astonished at the 
achievements of the Pennsylvania-German in litera- 
ture. And what a mine of material and inspiration 
remains in the unquarried wealth of Poetry, Song, 
Fiction and Art for future writers. Magnificent has 
been the work of the Pennsylvania-German even in 
literature, considering the disadvantage under which 
he labored, of being hampered and handicapped by a 
strange and provincial language. And I can hardly 
resist the temptation to say that I grieve to find very 
often the idea that it is one of the main purposes of 
this Society to perpetuate this language. I do not 
share the idea that much of a literature, maybe 
fostered in Pennsylvania Dutch. English is our 
national language, the language of trade, of the courts, 
of the laws, the schools, the press and the pulpit, and 
can never be permanently supplanted by any other 
in the slightest degree ; and a literature to reach and 
influence the people of a nation must be written and 
published in the language of the nation. I do not 
like provincialism. I do not think that it can exist 



Address of Lee L. Grumbine^ Esq. 97 

witli the broadest culture, and I would therefore urge 
the imperative need of acquiriug on the part of the 
young a perfect mastery of the English tongue — not 
a hybrid provincial nondescript speech consisting of 
English words badly pronounced with the most 
abominable inflections and accent, but the pure, cor- 
rect and grammatical language of English literature. 
This does not mean that we must repudiate our Ger- 
man ancestry nor turn renegade to our birth-right 
and traditions. It is not a mere difl"erence in 
language that makes Dutchmen, Scotchmen, English- 
men, Spaniards and Jews, but the deeper differences 
of race, character, national training, climate and re- 
ligion. It does not even imply the entire abandon- 
ment of the Pennsylvania-German language, since 
for many people it is almost as easy to s peak tw o or 
three languages as it is to speak one. /A thorough 
' knowledge of Pennsylvania-Dutch and the ability to 
/ use it readily — only as a secondary accomplishment 
I however and always _in strict subordination to the 
national language, is surely not without its advan- 
' tages. It is my mother tongue and I remember the 
day in the early morning of my life when I could 
barely speak a dozen words of good English. I use 
it every day in my business and could not well get 
along without it. It has been a source of pleasure 
and perhaps some profit to me. The hallowed mem- 
ories of my childhood cling to it and it has opened to 
my mind with but little effort on my part the won- 
ders of German literature, the wisdom of German 
philosophy and the wealth and beauty of German 



98 The Pennsylvania-German Society. 

poetry. I would not part with my Pennsj^vania 
Dutch and its associations for money, and I deprecate 
its use not in the abstract as a language, but only in 

I relation to the national environments of our people — 
only in so far as it stands in the way of their ad- 
vancement. If used at all in this country it must 
hold a subordinate place to the English. English 
first, Dutch second. Only he who has a complete 
command of good English has a good right to use the 
Dutch at all. If it stands in the way of a correct, 
pure, precise and proper English, if it hinders our 
educational, political, social or literary progress, to 
that degree it should be discarded, and ^hat I want 

/our Society to do is, not to build up a literature in the 
vernacular, but in the language of the countrj^, and 
stamp the impress of their good judgment, their 
broad comprehensive German common sense, their 
sterling integrity and virtue with still greater 
force upon American letters and upon all the depart- 
ments of mental achievement in every phase of our 
national life. 

At the conclusion of IMr. Grumbine's address the 
toastmaster introduced to the members. Prof. Oscar 
L. Kuhns, Department of Romance Languages, 
Wesley an University, Middletown, Conn., who fit- 
tingly responded to his toast, 

THE PENNSYLVANIA-GERMAN IN EDUCATION. 

Mr. Chaifman and Gentlemen : 

A few years ago there appeared in New York a 
book written by Douglass Campbell, entitled, "The 



Proj. Oscar L. Kuhns* Address. go 

Puritan in Holland, England and America." This 
book, which created a great stir in the world of let- 
ters, showed that many things in the development of 
American civil and religious liberty, which had 
hitherto been attributed to the influence of the 
Puritans, were in reality due to the influence of that 
sturdy race of Hollanders who have done so much 
for the world in general and the United States in 
particular. 

While there is no denying the fact that New Eng- 
land has moulded to a large extent, the political 
religious and social development of our country, yet 
this influence was not the sole one. America was 
discovered and settled by almost all European 
nations. The Spanish in Florida, the French in 
Louisiana and Canada, the Dutch in New York the 
Swedes in New Jersey, and the Germans in Pennsyl- 
vania. The Latin races have left but little perma- 
nent trace on the character of the American people. 
Our civilization is not Anglo-Saxon, but Teutonic. 
While we all admit the profound influence of New 
England, let us not forget to give due credit to the 
strong part played by the Dutch and Germans. The 
former need no apologists. The Holland, the St. 
Nicholas, and the various genealogical societies of 
New York, are constantly investigating and publish- 
ing old documents, church and town records, and 
making known to the world what kind of men their 
ancestors were. 

It is a cause of sincere rejoicing to me that the de- 
scendants of those honored men who left the moun- 



lOO The Pennsylvania-German Society, 

tains of Switzerland and the banks of tlae Rhine two 
hundred years ago are waking up to an appreciation 
of the honor that is theirs in belonging to a race that 
has helped to make our country what it is. 

The influence of the Pennsylvania-German on 
American institutions is a question almost entirely 
untouched, while a similar topic in regard to the 
Puritans of New England is exhaustively treated in 
numerous volumes and monographs, and is a stock 
subject for compositions in our schools and colleges. 
Of course there are reasons for this. This influence, 
whether it be great or small, is certainly much later 
to make itself felt than that of New England or New 
York. Take for instance the subject of my toast this 
evening, the "Influence of the Pennsylvania-German 
on Education." 

During the whole of the i8th century, the Ger- 
mans of Pennsylvania clung tenaciously to their own 
language and were loth to let it go. It is a striking 
fact that surrounded as they were by English speak- 
ing people, the Pennsylvania-Germans have retained 
their own language for so long a time. To-day there 
are people in this country whose ancestors have been 
in this land 200 years, and yet who cannot speak 
English. 

In the early part of the last century much bitter 
feeling was generated by the Germans insisting that 
the instruction in their schools should be carried on 
in German. The idea of a public school system was 
only accepted by them through the efforts of men 



Prof. Oscar L. Kuhns' Address. loi 

who themselves were Pennsylvania-Germans, — Gov- 
ernors Wolf and Ritner. 

Then, too, a hnndred years ago, there were no 
great colleges in Pennsylvania like Yale and Harvard. 
These were founded by religions denominations, 
whose members were rich and numerous, while the 
Reformed and Lutherans of Pennsylvania, were too 
poor to support such institutions. 

And yet the average Pennsylvania-German of old 
was every whit the equal in intelligence and educa- 
tion of the average New Knglander. Wherever he 
went the church and the school house rose side by 
side. Still it was only after the Pennsylvania-Ger- 
mans had mingled with their English neighbors and 
had considered themselves as citizens of the great 
American Republic that they began to exert an in- 
fluence on the country at large. The Revolution 
was the crucible in which all the various nationalities 
of the land were fused into a homogeneous mass. 
After that period old things had passed away and a 
new order was established. Then it was that our 
Pennsylvania Colleges were established — Franklin 
in 1786, and later on Marshall and Muhlenberg, I 
Palatinate and others. It is through such institu- 
tions as these that the Pennsylvania-German has in- 
fluenced higher education. The influence of semi- 
naries and schools, such as those at Lititz and Beth- 
lehem belongs to the history of education in the 
country. What other American educational institu- 
tion, not a college, can boast of such a long and 
honorable career as that of the Moravian Seminar}' in 



I02 The Pennsylvafiia-German Society. 

this city, founded in 1749 ^"^^ flourishing still under 
the able management of the Rev. J. Max Hark, D.D ? 

But the influence of the Pennsylvania-German on 
education is not confined to schools and colleges 
within the borders of the Keystone state itself. Her 
sons have gone to the East and West and 3^ou will 
find many of them teaching in the halls of even the 
colleges of New England. In my own college in 
Connecticut there are two, in Yale I know of at least 
one, and the President of the Theological Seminary 
at Hartford, if I mistake not, is another. 

Nor are great scholars lacking ? The name and 
life of Samuel Stehman Haldeman is so well known 
to all here, that it would be superfluous to do more 
than mention his name. Equally great in the fields 
of science and philology, he stands among the fore- 
most scholars of our land. And it is of interest to 
us to know that one subject which he investigated 
was the language which he had heard as a bo}- in his 
father's house. And here let me say in conclusion a 
few words on what I consider a wide and almost un- 
broken field for Pennsylvania scholars who are in- 
terested in their native state. Almost every other 
part of the land has been worked over in literature, 
philology and social customs. The books on folk- 
lore, descriptions of life and custom in New England, 
the South and West, are legion. Lowell and others 
for New England, Whitcomb Riley for the Hoosier 
state, Joel Chandler Harris and Thos. Nelson Page for 
the South, have won imperishable laurels. There is 
to-day no more interesting part of the United States 



Prof. Oscar L. Ku fins' Address. 103 

than the German counties of Pennsylvania. In the 
field of comparative religion, of quaint and curious 
custom, in the fascinating field of dialect study, there 
is a rich harvest for the investigator. Haldeman, 
Seidensticker, Learned, and a few others, have touched 
on these subjects. But more remains to be done. It 
is my sincere hope that this Society may so stimulate 
interest in the life, customs, services and influence 
of Pennsylvania-Germans, past and present, that the 
sturdy qualities of our people shall be known and 
recognized by all, and accorded their due place in the 
development of the institutions of the greatest coun- 
try of the world's history. 

Prof. Kuhn's' toast was followed by that of the Rev. 
Paul de Schweinitz, pastor of the Moravian Church 
at Nazareth, who, having been introduced, responded 
most ably to the toast, 

THE PENNSYLVANIA-GERMAN IN THE CHURCHT. 

[The reverend gentleman is the grandson of the famous botanist, the- 
Rev. Lewis David de Schweinitz, Ph. D., Senior Civilis, referred to by Dr. 
Porter in his paper read at the afternoon session, and the great-great, 
great-grandson of Louis Nicholas Count, Zinzendorf, who made such 
noble efforts to gather the German settlers of Pennsylvania into the 
various evangelical churches in 1742 and subsequent years, and who was 
so closely identified with the renewal of the Ancient Brethren's, or 
Morav'ian, Church and with the beginning of its extended missionary 
operations.] 

In response to this toast he spoke for some twenty- 
five minutes, illustrating the various points with 
amusing stories gathered from the actual experience 
of Pennsylvania-German preachers. As he spoke 
entirely without notes, and as no stenographic re- 



I04 TJie Pennsylvmiia-Germaii Society. 

port of the address was secured, only the substance 

thereof can be given. 

Mr. President and Ge7iilemen of the Society : 

The assertion has been made that the Pennsyl- 
vania-Germans as a mass are irreligious. No asser- 
tion could be more unfounded. Their very language 
refutes the statement. The reference is not to the 
patois, commonly called "Pennsylvania-Dutch," but 
to their churchly language. We have in mind not 
merely the Germans, who came from the Palatinate, 
where this peculiar dialect originated, but also those 
from Prussia, Saxony, Lusatia, Silesia and other 
German provinces. The early emigrants from all 
these sections were intensely religious, and their 
descendants as a people have remained so. The lan- 
guage they brought wdth them, which is still used in 
their German churches, testifies to this. The Ger- 
man language is peculiarly adapted to the expression 
of religious and spiritual experiences. Take as a 
single example the two words : Versuchtmg and 
Anfechtung. They express two different shades of 
the spiritual meaning of the word "temptation," 
which can not be adequately rendered into English 
by any two single words. So too the German lan- 
guage is peculiarly adapted to voice all emotional 
feelings and 3^et can at the same time accuratelj'^ de- 
fine the most abstruse theological problems. Now, 
language is ever, so to speak, the crystallized thought 
and character of a people, and a language so rich in 
spiritual capabilities testifies to the religious char- 
acter of those who have evolved it and who speak it. 



Address of Rev. Paul de Schweinitz. 105 

Later German immigration may have been largely 
irreligious, because a good thing can, alas, become 
perverted, but in these remarks we are coniining our- 
selves strictly to the descendants of the early Ger- 
man settlers in Pennsylvania. 

Contemplate what the Pennsylvania-Germans have 
done for Church Music. They brought with them 
to this country their inborn love for the masterpieces 
of musical creation, and they have been largely in- 
strumental in introducing to the American churches 
the uplifting anthems of Mozart, Beethoven, Haydn, 
Hasndel, Mendelssohn and others. So difficult and 
so profound is the Passion Music of John Sebastian 
Bach, that its production has been attempted in this 
country only twice, I believe. Once in Boston, 
Mass., and the other time with brilliant success in 
the Pennsylvania-German town of Bethlehem, largely 
by Pennsylvania-German musicians, and under the 
exclusive direction of a Pennsylvania-German organ- 
ist ! [Applause] . (The organist referred to is J. Fred. 
Wolle, organist of the Moravian Church, Bethlehem, 
and University Memorial Chapel in South Bethlehem, 
and son of the almost unequalled cryptogamic bota- 
nist, the Rev. Francis Wolle, likewise mentioned by 
Dr. Porter in his paper at the afternoon session.) 

The Pennsylvania-Germans also brought with 
them that lofty style of congregational music, called 
chorales, which most American congregations con- 
sider too difficult to attempt. We refer to the melo- 
dies associated with the soul-stirring hymns : '^ Eiii' 
feste Burg ist unser Gott^^ ^''Nun dauket alle Gott^'' 



io6 The Pen7isylvania-German Society. 

''''BefieJil du deine Wege^'' " Wie scJioen lenchVt U7is 
der Morgenstern^ " and countless others. These can 
still be heard in many of our German congregations, 
and adapted to English hymns are rendered more 
perfectly in congregational singing in this town of 
Bethlehem than anywhere else. 

It is inconceivable, that these things should not 
have great effect in developing the religious charac- 
ter of the people. 

Again in a very literal sense the Pennsylvania- 
Germans are in the Church. I believe that the de- 
scendants of the early Pennsylvania-German Pil- 
grims are more fully represented in the Church than 
those of the much sung New England Pilgrim Fath- 
ers. 

They came here with their German Bibles, Prayer- 
books, Hymnbooks and Catechisms, and they used 
them well. During the years, when they were pas- 
torless, as sheep without a shepherd, they wandered 
from the Church, but after the labors of Zinzendorf, 
IMuhlenberg, Schlatter and their coadjutors had 
brought them back to the Church, the}- remained 
there in a far more literal sense than any other class 
of our population. The}^ are almost literally all in 
the Church. In the town, from which I come, out of 
a population of about 1500, I do not believe that the 
names of 50 adults could be mentioned, who are not 
at least nominalh' communicant members of one of 
the four parishes of the town. Of what town of simi- 
lar size of English origin can that be said ? This 
state of affairs is made possible by the maintenance 



Address of Paul de Schweinitz. 107 

of the cliurclily rite of confirmation. We are per- 
fectly aware that there are many disadvantages con- 
nected with this rite, that it tends to produce formal- 
ism and merely nominal church membership, but on 
the other hand it has this advantage, that it brings 
each soul in the communit}^ at least once in his life 
under the direct influence of the pastor, and a truly 
awakened man of God can do much with such an 
opportunity. Furthermore, those who have been 
thus confirmed, even though they may fall away 
from the Church and into actual and open sin, will 
with rare exceptions always acknowledge the pastoral 
oversight of the minister in charge, and receive re- 
proof and counsel and direction as they otherwise 
would not do. Can any one doubt but that these 
churchly influences have wielded a mighty power in 
developing those sterling traits of character, which 
produced the men whose fame we have celebrated 
to-day ? Thus have been developed the men who 
have helped to build up this Commonwealth and 
these United States strongly and well. 

And now I want to call your attention to a unique 
feature in church life found nowhere outside of our 
Pennsylvania-German counties. If you will travel 
northward, ere you have left the church spires of 
Bethlehem well behind you, you will see the tower 
of the Altonah church ; proceed but a few miles fur- 
ther and the Dryland church comes into view ; climb 
the hill beyond it and you will catch sight of St. 
John's steeple in Nazareth ; follow any one of the 
roads leaving Nazareth and 3'ou will see here the 



io8 The Pennsylvania-German Society. 

Moorestown church, there the Plainfield church, 
there the Fork's church. The same is the case if 
you go eastward, southward or westward from this 
town. Ever}^ four or five miles along the country 
roads you will find large churches, and if you enter 
them on Sunday you will always find them well 
filled. And all these churches are Union churches. 
That does not mean, as our American Christians 
understand it, a congregation made up of a conglom- 
erate of all kinds of denominations with no clearly 
defined position. But it means, that in each one of 
these churches there worship two distinct congrega- 
tions, each regularly organized with its separate pas- 
tor and church officers : the Lutheran congregation 
on one Sunday and the Reformed on the next, and 
both owning the property conjointly. Can 3'ou 
imagine a Baptist and a Methodist congregation, or 
an Episcopalian and Presbyterian thus worshipping 
alternately in the same edifice for a century or more 
in apparent peace ? There may be disadvantages 
connected with such a sj^stem, which we, who do not 
share in it, know^ nothing of. But they keep their 
difficulties to themselves, and hang up no dirty wash 
for the world to jeer at, and present an example of 
churchly and interdenominational comity unpar- 
alleled to the same extent anywhere outside of Penn- 
S3dvania-German communities. 

There may be many motives entering into the 
maintenance of such a system,which are not commend- 
able — such as an undue econoni}^ in churchl}^ matters 
— but after all has been said, it testifies to the deter- 



Address of Rev. Paul de Schweinitz. 109 

mination of the Pennsylvania-German to have 
churchly privileges, no matter what unique and 
peculiar arrangements he has to make in order to 
get them. These characteristics — i. e. this determi- 
nation and tenacity in things churchly, religious and 
spiritual — make the Pennsylvania-German a most 
valuable factor in the upbuilding of the body politic. 
It is almost too late to begin to speak about the 
Pennsylvania-German clergy. But they form a bodjr 
of men, whose piety, whose profound learning, whose 
spiritual and moral influence, is an honor to the 
Church of Christ, to the State, and to the stock from 
which they have sprung. Often the uncouth despised 
Pennsylvania-German boy, direct from the farm, de- 
velops into a theologian of no mean power. An ap- 
parently uncouth and ignorant farmer's boy came to 
his pastor and said he wished to become a minister. 
His pastor looked at him and said : "My son, you are 
a good boy, but you are not fit for the ministry. Go 
back to your plow, where you belong." But with 
true Pennsylvania-German determination and tenac- 
ity of purpose he did not go back. If that churck 
did not want him, he would find another that did. 
And he studied and rose and has continued to rise, 
until his profound learning, his successful pastoral 
career, and his theological attainments have well 
earned for him the titles D. D. and LL. D., which he 
honors by the bearing, more than they honor him^ 
and this is the Penns^-lvania-German pastor of Phila- 
delphia, whom our Lutlieran friends delight to honor 
under the name of Dr. Seiss ! (Applause). The un- 



no The Pennsylva7iia-German Society. 

couth {sic !) German youth may have depths in him 
thou knowest not of, my Yankee friend, take heed 
that thou despise him not ! 

The august assembly (the General Council of the 
Lutheran Evangelical Church of North America) 
which has just closed its deliberations in Easton, Pa., 
showed on its roster scores of names distinguished in 
theology and in the church, which betrayed their 
Pennsylvania-German origin, and betrayed it with 
honor ! 

The Eastern Pennsylvania-Classis of the Reformed 
Church, which meets to-day, bears on its roll similar 
names, which deserve well of their Church and of 
their State. I naturally refrain from singing the 
praises of the clergy of the Church which I represent. 

But not only do the churches of distinctly German 
origin, as the Lutheran, Reformed and Moravian, 
honor in the Church men of Pennsylvania-German 
-descent, — even those of English origin are glad to 
receive into their midst the sons of this soil and heap 
honors and titles upon them. I permit myself to 
mention by name our honored ex-president, the Rev. 
George Heckman, D. D., LL. D., of Reading, of the 
Presbyterian Church, whose ancestry conies from the 
little Pennsylvania-German hamlet of Hecktown, six 
miles to the north of this ancient hostelry. Gentle- 
men, it is past midnight, I must close abruptly. The 
various points I have touched upon indicate, I think, 
the religious and churchly character of the Pennsyl- 
vania-Germans, and inferentially therefore the con- 
•serving force flowing from them, so conducive to the 



Rev. F. J. F. Sthantz's Address. 1 1 1 

welfare of the state and nation. The Pennsylvania- 
Germans are in the Church, and may they ever con- 
tinue there to be ! " 

The Rev. F. J. F. Schantz, D. D., of Myerstown, 
was next introduced to the Society, and made the 
following excellent response to his toast : 

THE PENNSYLVANIA-GERMAN IN THE HOME. 

Gent/emejt of the Pennsylvania-German Society : 

When our ancestors came from the fatherland, be- 
yond the ocean, to settle in the new world, their first 
want was not to find the church, the school, the state, 
but to find the home. 

Some found it for a time in the caves in the river's 
bank, some under the wide-spreading branches of the 
stately oak, some in the plain log-house of limited 
dimensions, and some in the more durable plain stone 
building. 

While in the state we have the names of ruler and 
citizen, in the church those of pastor and member, in 
the school those of teacher and pupil, we meet in the 
home those of husband and wife, of father and 
mother, of children, of brother and sister, of master 
and servant. 

That the early settlers and their descendants re- 
garded the state of matrimony as of divine appoint- 
ment and were anxious to enter upon the same in a 
manner meeting the approval of God, can easily be 
learned by a reference to the private journals of 
ministers of the Gospel and the records of churches, 
containing the entries of marriages. The private 



112 The Pennsylvania-Gei'7na7i Society. 

journal of Johan. Casper Stoever contains not only 
more than 1600 entries of baptism, but also 1444 of 
marriages, and the old church records such as those 
of the Tulpehocken (Christ) church, commenced in 
1743, and that of the Moselem church in Berks 
county, Pa., commenced in 1744 or '45, contain the 
entries of many marriages. 

An examination of the duplicate certificates of 
marriages, which must be returned to the clerk of the 
Orphans' Court, according to the requirements of the 
new marriage law of Pennsylvania, shows that whilst 
some Pennsylvania-Germans are married by an 
Alderman or Justice of the Peace for reasons not 
given in the certificate, Pennsylvania-Germans as a 
rule, like their ancestors, are married by christian 
ministers, and such will be the case in the future as 
long as Pennsylvania-Germans are genuine Pennsyl- 
vania-Germans. 

The old church records show another fact of great 
importance. Many of the old families number 
many children. A number of years ago I was re-- 
quested by a lady correspondent, residing in the west, 
to search the record of an old church. When I had sent 
to her the names with the date of birth and baptism of 
the children of a minister living in the middle of the 
eighteenth century, she replied that the number I 
had found was sufficient to stock the Union. Quite 
recently I searched a church record and found the 
names of not less than 49 children, the descendants of 
Conrad Weiser from 1749 to 1794. I found these in 
one church record. While we still have many Penn-- 



Rev. F. J. F. Schantz^s Address. 113 

sylvania-German families with many children, we 
are sorry to find many Pennsylvania-German homes 
of the present day with but very few children and 
many without any children at all. In this respect 
many differ from their ancestors. Thus it ought not 
to be. 

And what may be said of the Pennsylvania-German 
in the home, — of some, not much that is commend- 
able. Some years ago I was travelling in a railroad 
car. I noticed in the rear of me a lady in tears. I 
had compassion on her and asked her — "Are you 
sick ? " She said — "No, I am not sick, but I am sad, 
I am going to my father's house ; I have left my hus- 
band; we could not agree." I said to her, "nonsense, 
I will tell you what you ought to do. As soon as 
you get to your father's home, write to your husband 
and request him to come for you and take you back 
to his home," and what do you think was her answer ? 
It came quickly as follows : "I believe I will do so, 
for I think all the world of my husband." I have 
often wondered whether she followed my advice. I 
wish I could have seen that party before the wife left 
the husband. I think I would have given them good 
counsel, even at the risk of faring as I did one morn- 
ing nearly forty years ago, not far from Allentown, 
on the road leading from Allentown to Philadelphia. 
\ was on my way to the home of my college friend 
now Rev. Dr. Hufford, of Allentown. I met a man 
and his wife who were quarreling fearfully. I en- 
deavored to act as a peace-maker, and I succeeded in 
making them of one mind, to such an extent, that 



114 '^^^^ PennsylvanTa-German Society. 

they united in driving me off. I need not add that I 
left hurriedly. My sainted mother often laughed 
when a reference was made to my first attempt to act 
as peace-maker. 

I do not wish to speak to-night of the Pennsylvania- 
German in the home, who makes the home a place of 
deepest suftering for wife or husband, for parents and 
children. Alas ! that we must speak of the Pennsyl- 
vania-German in the home, where the fear of God, the 
true affection of, and faithfulness between husband and 
wife, the loving care of parents and the obedience of 
children, are wanting. Such homes are more than 
miniature hells on earth, and are not only for the de- 
struction of temporal welfare, but also for the curse 
of the soul in eternity. 

The Pennsylvania-German in the home in his best 
state has been the joy of many hearts, for in such are 
found : 

First — The most intimate relation between hus- 
band and wife. The state of matrimony is of divine 
appointment. The true relation of husband and wife 
is clearly set forth in God's holy word. The full 
realization of the significance of this relation binds 
husband and wife to each other in love, in faithful- 
ness, in mutual care of each other, and thus they are 
helpful to each other in this life. When these char- 
acteristics are evidenced, then the Pennsylvania-Ger- 
man is happiest in his home ; his heaven on earth is 
his home. He does not need the club room, nor 
other rooms, where men meet away from their homes, 



Rev. F. J. F. Schants^s Address. 115 

often because their homes are not what they ought 
to be. 

The married woman finds the home the place ol 
truest joys, the place where her honor and fidelity 
dwell. The true Pennsylvania-German woman will 
never admire, nor follow the "new woman," who 
looks upon the loving, faithful and obedient wife as 
the mere slave of tyrannical man ? I recently read 
of the visit which a "new woman" paid to a young 
wife and mother. She endeavored to convert the 
young wife and mother to her views and practices. 
The latter answered many of her arguments and 
drove the "new woman" from the house; not by ar- 
gument of words, not by the use of a club — the 
young mother pinched her dear babe and made it 
cry. This was too much for the "new woman" who 
hurried from the house. The mother immediately 
pressed her darling to her breast and rejoiced that 
her babe had driven the "new woman" from the 
happy home. 

Second — The Pennsylvania-German in the home, 
in her best state, is not adverse to having in obedience 
to God's commandment to the first parents and all 
parents, the addition of children. Some would say 
that it is no more fashionable to have children, at 
least, not many. I am afraid that many are heaping 
curses upon themselves by trying to defeat God's ob- 
ject in instituting the state of matrimony. 

"Now send the cradle," was the message sent by 
telegraph some years ago, by a happy father in one 
town, to his friend, a bachelor, in another town. 



ii6 TJie Pe7insylvania-German Society. 

When the stage arrived next day, the cradle was to 
be seen on the top of the coach, I shall never for- 
get the happy face of a young father, who came early 
in the morning to the residence of his father-in-law 
and he not only carried important information but 
also gave expression to his joy by these few words — 
" It is a girl ! " That girl still lives and is the joy 
of the young man and his wife. The boys and the 
^irls of the Pennsylvania-German in the home, are 
the attractions of the household. 

Third — The Pennsylvania-German in the home is 

accustomed to have an abundant supply of the 

necessaries of life. The humblest home, as well as 

"the stately mansion, has food, raiment and necessary 

furniture for the comforts of the household. 

Our forefathers were happy in their log-houses, 
and the parents and children at the close of the nine- 
teenth century have many things which great rulers 
of mighty nations had not in their day. 

There are no better cooks than our Pennsylvania- 
German women and no people fare better than our 
Pennsylvania-Germans do, as far as table supplies 
are concerned, and that these are telling on those 
thus supplied is evident from the appearance of the 
healthy, robust and vigorous Pennsylvania-Germans. 

Two medical students many years ago, interested 
some dwellers in the great city of our state by telling 
them of the abundant supplies in the farmer's home, 
and one of the students rather shocked one of the 
fair hearers by saying that towards spring in each 



Rev. F. J. F. Schmitz's Address. 117 

year, farmers' wives were kept very busy wedging 
garments of male members of the family. 

That an abundant supply of the table marked those 
of the ancestors after they were well settled in this 
country, is proven by the story which the sainted 
Father Keller told me and my wife on our return 
from Altonah to Catasauqua about the year 1862. 
A poor redemptioner pleads, that in the contract 
made with the farmer, whom he was to serve in view 
of the payment of the ship's charge, there was to be 
his promise that he have meat twice a week for food. 
The farmer at once granted the special request. On 
the arrival of the farmer and redemptioner, at the 
home of the former, meat was part of the first meal. 
The redemptioner was delighted. At breakfast next 
morning, meat was again furnished. The redemp- 
tioner looked very sad, — he answered that it was true 
that the contract provided that he should have meat 
twice in a week's time, but that did not mean that he 
was to be furnished the same at two successive meals. 
When told that he would have meat not only twice a 
week, but three times daily, he exclaimed "dann wot 
ich waer mei Buckel ah noch en Bauch ! " 

The Pennsylvania-German in the home will have 
good clothing. The furniture of the modern house 
shows that the Pennsylvania-German is determined 
to have all that tends to make the household comfort- 
able. 

The Pennsylvania-German in the home is deeply 
interested in the intellectual training and christian 
culture of his children ; hence, the early baptism of 



ii8 The Pe7i7isylvania-German Society. 

the child and the early instruction of the child at 
home. "Gottes Bruennlein hat Wassers die Fuelle" 
and "Christi Blut macht uns rein von aller Suende" 
are the lasting proof of our parents' early concern in 
our spiritual welfare. The bible, the catechism, the 
prayer book, the hymn book, are nice legacies that 
tell of the piety of parents, who desire their children 
to be the Lord's. Parents of a former age were much 
interested in parochial schools, and to-day thousands 
of children in the public schools show the concern of 
Pennsylvania-German parents in the intellectual 
training of their children. Church and Sunday 
school attendance are evidences of the parents' con- 
cern in the true spiritual care of the young. 

The Pennsylvania-German in the home exercises 
proper discipline. In 1873 I heard Dr. Christlieb say 
at New York at the meeting of the Christian Alliance, 
that he missed two things still found in Germany. 
The one was the poor with the rich in the churches, 
and the other, Solomon's rod in the homes of our 
people. He said that by the use of the latter they 
made "Kraeftige Bengel" of their young. Had Dr. 
Christlieb come to Pennsylvania-Germans, he would 
have found not only the poor with the rich in the 
churches, but also the use of Solomon's rod still in 
good custom. Impressions made upon us early in 
life are not readily forgotten. My mother made last- 
ing impressions upon me by the use of her slipper, 
and the impression made by the rod, which I brought 
to my mother, and which she applied to me, cured 
me of "batzelbaumschlage." 



Rev. F, J. F. SJiantz's Address. 119 

The Pennsylvania-German claims the right of ex- 
ercising proper discipline in the family and when 
kind words and good counsel fail to reach the desired 
end he does not hesitate to use the rod. Better that 
the disobedient suffer from the application of the rod 
than that children should later charge their parents 
with the neglect of their duty. There are many who, 
while children, regarded their parents as severe in 
their training, and now thank God for having had par- 
ents who brought them up in the fear of God, and who 
when necessary did not spare the rod. 

The Pennsylvania-German in the home is given 
to hospitality. The ancestors cheerfully entertained 
friends and strangers. The stalled ox, the fatted 
calf, the pig of heavy weight, the well-fed turkey, 
goose, duck and chicken, the contributions of the 
field, the orchard, the garden and the dairy, were not 
only for the inmates of the home but also for the 
entertainment of visitors. 

We are sorry to find hospitality wanting with many 
of the present day, whose ancestors always welcomed 
and cheerfully entertained such as were not members 
of the household. 

Many of us recollect that our parents took great 
delight in showing hospitality to such as came to the 
old homestead in our old homes ; many pleasant 
memories of such visitations in our old home are 
very dear to us. 

The true Pennsylvania-German in the home will 
also in our day show hospitality, and when he ceases 



I20 The Pen7isylvania-German Society. 

to do so lie ceases to be a genuine Pennsylvania- 
German. 

In conclusion I would say that the Pennsylvania- 
German in the home must look forward to the day 
when he and his beloved will no longer be found in 
the home here on earth. I could tell you of the sad 
visitations at the home by the messenger "death" 
who summons our beloved with the irrevocable order 
to leave our home. To some homes he has come 
often, taking successively children and parent, so 
that the once cheerful home is now occupied by but 
one remaining member of a happy home. 

Blessed is "the Pennsylvania-German in the 
liome," who has always been anxious to have in his 
home the Lord Jesus Christ, who would have us to 
be His in His Kingdom of Glory, to enable us to 
reach the "Father's House of Many Mansions." 

The set toasts on the program were followed by 
very interesting impromptu addresses from various 
members, which brought to a close this most enjoy- 
able evening, as well as the fifth annual meeting of 
the Pennsylvania-German Society. 



7/2 Memoriam. 121 



irn /nbemoriam* 



122 The Pennsylvania-German Society. 



Josiah Funck. 

Josiah Funck was bom in North Lebanon Town- 
ship, Lebanon county, Pa., on Dec. 25th, 1825. He 
was the son of Jacob, son of Martin, son of Martin 
Funck. 

As a farmer boy he made the best of his opportuni- 
ties by securing a good common school education. 
He likewise attended the Lebanon Academy, then 
taught school, and later studied law in the office of 
Levi Kline, Lebanon, where he was admitted to the 
bar on April 7, 185 1. Three years later, in 1854, he 
was elected District Attorney, and from that time be- 
came a leading practitioner. He was a hard worker 
and close student, a man of strong will and indomit- 
able energy, and never gave up his fight for a case so 
long as the slightest hope of success remained. In 
this way he acquired a very large clientage and 
amassed a fortune. 

He was a member of the Constitutional Convention 
of 1873, and a candidate of the Republican party for 
President Judge in 1894. 

He was one of Lebanon's wealthiest and most pub- 
lic spirited citizens. Among the fine properties 
which he owned was the Eagle Hotel, besides several 



Obituary. 123 



excellent farms. He was a large stockHolder in the 
Berks and Dauphin Turnpike Company, the Electric 
Light and Steam Heating Company, and the Ameri- 
can Safety-Head Match Company, of which he was 
President. 

For many years he was an active and leading 
member of St. Luke's Episcopal church, and took a 
deep interest in its affairs. 

During the Civil war he was Captain of Company 
H, 48th Regiment, Pennsylvania Militia, in the cam- 
paign of 1863, and was, later, a member of Sedgwick 
Post 42, G. A. R. 

He was elected to membership in the Pennsylvania- 
German Society on January nth, 1893. 

His decease, at Lebanon, on Friday evening, July 
17, 1896, was owing to general debility. His re- 
mains were interred in the Charles Evans Cemetery, 
at Reading, Pa. 

He is survived by his wife, Belle, nee Marshall, 
daughter of Dr. John Marshall, of Reading, and the 
following children : J. Marshall Funck, of Lebanon, 
and Alfred C. Funk, of Washington, both attorneys, 
and two daughters, Mrs. Lincoln Karmany and Miss 
Sadie Funck. 

H. M. M. R. 



124 ^^^^ Pemisylvania-German Society. 



Rev. Charles Gutzlaff Fisher, D. D. 

Rev. Charles Gutzlaff Fisher, D. D., was born at 
Emmettsburg, Md., on December 28, 1837. ^^ ^^^^ 
the son of Rev. Dr. Samuel Reed Fisher, (June 2, 
1 8 10 — June 5, 1 881) and Ellen Catharine May, 
(March 18, 1816 — ^January 26, 1842) ; grandson of 
Wen del Fisher and Rebecca Gruber (December 28, 
1796 — April 25, 1879) ; great-grandson of George 
Fisher, a Revolutionary soldier, and Cath- 
arine Alles (April 10, 1777 — September 15, 1859), a 
daughter of Captain Henry Alles of the Revolution ; 
great-great-grandson of Herman Fisher, who emi- 
grated to America from the Palatinate, Germany, 
about 1730, and Margaretta Feather. 

Dr. Fisher graduated, with honor, from Franklin 
and Marshall College in 1857. From there he went 
to the Theological Seminary of the Reformed church 
at Mercersburg, Pa. In 1866 he was licensed to 
preach and, shortly after, ordained a minister of the 
gospel. He faithfully and successfully served the 
charges at the Grand Stone Hill Church, near Cham- 
bersburg. Pa., Bean's Church, Centre, Montgomery 



Obituary, 12, 



county, and at Winchester, Va., spending some five 
years at each place. In 1880 he was called to aid his 
father in the publication of the Reformed Church 
Messenger^ of which the latter was editor-in-chief. 
Upon the death of his father, and the resignation, in 
1887, of his father's successor, Dr. P. S. Davis, he 
entered upon the management of the Reformed 
Church publications, in which work he was success- 
fully engaged at the time of his decease. 

His sudden death, from rheumatism of the heart, 
occurred in his home, 161 4 Wallace Street, Philadel- 
phia, at noon on Tuesday, February 25, 1896, whilst 
invoking the heavenly blessing on his mid-day meal. 
When the bowed heads of his family had been raised 
at the conclusion of their devotions it was noticed 
that he still remained silently in his attitude of sup- 
plication. In this position he had peacefully died, 
and, on the wings of his prayers his spirit had risen 
to his Maker. He leaves behind him a wife and four 
children. 

He became a member of the Pennsylvania-German 
Society on October 11, 1891. 

H. M. M. R. 



126 The Pennsylvajiia-German Society. 



Major Grant Weidman. 

Grant Weidman was born September 8, 1839, near 
Trenton, N. J. His ancestors came from Durlach, in 
Baden, Germany, about 1730, and located in Lancas- 
ter county. His father was Capt. John Weid- 
man, son of Jacob B., son of John, (1756-1830), who 
Avas Ensign, July 12, 1776, Lieutenant, May 14, 
1777, in "The German Regiment," Pennsylvania 
Line, of the Revolutionary war. 

Major Weidman was educated at Lebanon Acad- 
'cmy, Bristol Military School, Lawrenceville, and a 
graduate of Princeton. He was admitted to practice 
at the Lebanon County Bar on August 23, 1861. 
During the Civil war he served as Lieutenant in the 
nth Penusylvania Militia of 1862, and as Major of 
the 173d Pennsylvania Drafted Militia from Novem- 
ber 22, 1862 to August 17, 1863. He was married 
September, 1863, to Miss Elizabeth Henry, now de- 
ceased, four children, Mary, Grant, Ethel R., and 
S. Elizabeth, still surviving him. He enjoyed the 
largest practice at the Lebanon Bar, and declined the 
appointment of Judge of said Court offered him by 
Governor Pattison in 1894. Besides being solicitor 
for the estate of Robert H. Coleman, the C. and L. 
R. R., and numerous corporations, he was President 



Obituary. 127 



of the Lebanon National Bank, and a Director of tlie 
Lebanon Manufacturing Company, North Lebanon 
Shoe Factory, Mt. Lebanon Cemetery Association, 
Lebanon Gas Company, and a Trustee of Zion's Ev. 
Lutheran church, of which he was an active member. 

By virtue of his great-grandfather's services in the 
Revolution, Major Weidman was a member of the 
"Society of the Cincinnati," and "Sons of the Revo- 
lution." Through his own service in the Civil war 
he became closely connected with the "Military Or- 
der Loyal Legion," and "Sedgwick Post, 42, G. A. 
R." From his ancestry he gained admission to the 
"Pennsylvania-German Society" at its organization. 
He was likewise a member of Mt. Lebanon Lodge, 
226, F. &A. M., Weidle Chapter, 197, R. A. M., 
and Hermit Commandery, 24, K. T., becoming a Past 
Eminent Commander of the Knights Templar of 
Pennsylvania. 

He was very popular and enjoyed the friendship of 
.a large circle of friends, with the esteem and respect 
of the entire community. On the morning of 
November 7, 1895, he was found unconscious in his 
office, suffering from a stroke of apoplexy, and quietly 
passed away at 8.50 a. m., November nth. 

H. M. M. R. 



128 The Pennsylvania-German Society. 



J. Schall Wilhelm. 

J. Schall Wilhelm was the son of Artemus Wil-- 
helm and a well known citizen of York, Pa., where, 
for a number of years, he took an active interest in 
its public affairs. 

He was prominent in local politics, president of 
the Young Republican Club upon its organization, 
several years ago a member of the City Council, and, 
in 1892, was elected delegate to the Republican 
National Convention after one of the most spirited 
contests ever witnessed in the county. 

He was interested in the State Firemen's Associa- 
tion, served as Secretary of the State Agricultural 
Society, and was identified with a number of business 
enterprises. He was a stockholder in the Stewarts- 



Obituary. 129 



town Railway, also in the Bailey Nail Works of 
Harrisbnrg, and had large holdings in the Clear- 
field coal fields. During the past few years his 
business kept him away from York, and occasioned 
his retirement from public life. 

He was jovial, large hearted and benevolent, and 
his death, on Friday evening, February 14th, 1896, 
at the early age of 37 years, was deeply regretted by 
a large circle of friends. 

A couple years prior to his decease he was married 
to Miss Pauline Lehmayer, daughter of Nathan Leh- 
mayer, of York, Pa., who still survives him. 

He was elected to membership in the Pennsyl- 
vania-German Society on July 8th, 1891. 

H. M. M. R. 



130 The Pennsylvaw a-Geruian Society, 

OFFICERS. 



President^ 
Frank Ried DifFenderffer. 

Vice Presidents^ 

Rt. Rev. J. Mortimer Levering, 

Rev. F. J. F. Schantz, D. D. 

Secretary^ 
H. M. M. Richards. 

Treasurer^ 
Julius F. Sachse. 

Executive Committee^ 

1895-1896. 

Lee L. Grumbine, 

H. E. Slaymaker. 

1896-1897. 

Theodore E. Schmauk, 

Thomas C. Zimmerman. 

1897-1898. 
E. W. S. Parthemore, 
Nathan C. Schaeffer. 

1898-1899. 
J. Max Hark, 
E. H. Ranch. 

1 899- 1 900. 

Matthias H. Richards, 

Morton L. Montgomery. 



Surviving Members. 131 



SURVIVING MEMBERS 

AUGUST I, 1896. 



Admitted 

Albright, Edwin . AUentown, Pa., April 15, 1891 

Judge of County Courts. 

Ayres, Bucher Philadelphia, Pa., Oct. 11, 1893 

Aughenbaugh, George W York, Pa., Oct. 11, 1893 

Brant, Joseph L Marietta, Pa., April 15, 1891 

Bausman, John Watts Baer Lancaster, Pa., April 15, 1 891 

Attorney-at-Law. 

Blasser, Jared Francis York, Pa., Oct. 11, 1895 

Bland, H. Willis . . . . = Reading, Pa., Jan. 9, 1895 

Judge of County Courts. 

Bausman, Benjamin Reading, Pa., Jan. 9, 1895 

Rev. and D. D. — German Reformed. 
Baer, George F. LL. D Reading, Pa., April 15, 1891 

Attorn ey-at-Law. 
Baer, Samuel Adam, Ph. D Reading, Pa., April 15, 1891 

City Superintendent Public Schools. 

Betz, Israel H., M. D '. . . . York, Pa., Oct. 14, 1891 

Beidelman, William Easton, Pa., July 8, 1891 

Attorney-at-Law. — Ex-Mayor of Easton. 
Beaver, James Addams, LL. D Bellefonte, Pa., Jan. 11, 1893 

Brevet Brig. General U. S. A.— Governor of Pennsylvania.— Attorney-at-Law. 

Bentzel, Edward D York, Pa., Oct. 11, 1893 

Attorney-at-Law. 

Breeswine, George Washington York, Pa., Jan. 12, 1894 

Beaver, Daniel Benjamin DeWalt, M. D., . . Reading, Pa., Jan. 9, 1S95 

Bierer, Jacob J Latrobe, Pa., April 15, 189T 

Bierman, E. Benjamin, Ph. D Annville, Pa., Jan. 11, 1893 

Pres't Lebanon Valley College. 

Bricker, John Randolph Lititz, Pa., April 15, 1891 

Bittenger, John Wierman York, Pa , Oct. 11, 1893 

Judge of County Courts. 



132 The Penn$ylvania-Germa7i Society, 

Bowman, Simon Peter San Francisco, Cal., April 15, 1891 

Brower, William M. D Spring City, Pa., Jan. 11, 1893 

Boll, Henry York, Pa., Jan. 12, 1894 

Boyer, Charles Clinton Kutztown, Pa., Jan. 9, 1895 

Lutheran Clergyman.— Prof, and Ph. D.— Keystone State Normal School. 

Borhek, Ashton Christian ., Bethlehem, Pa., Jan. 16, 1896 

Brodhead, Albert .... Bethlehem, Pa., Jan. 16, 1896 

Buehrle, Robert K., Ph. D Lancaster, Pa., April 15, 1891 

City Superintendent Public Schools. 
Brunner, David Bachman Reading, Pa., Oct. 11, 1893 

Ex-Member of Congress. 

Brunner, Frank R., M. D Eshbach, Pa., Jan. 9, 1895 

Brunner, Christian Otto Bethlehem, Pa., Jan. 16, [896 

Brunner, Franklin Henry Bethlehem, Pa., Jan. 16, 1896 

Bruner, Daniel Pastorius Germantown, Pa., July 21, i896 

Capp, Thomas Henry, Lebanon, Pa , Jan. 11, 1893 

Attorney-at-Law.— Member State Legislature. 

Crater, Lewis Reading, Pa., April 12, 1893 

Crider, David Wilson York, Pa., Jan. 12 1894 

Croll, Philip C Lebanon, Pa., Oct 3, 1894 

Lutheran Clergyman. 

Croll, Sylvester Edward Buffalo, N. Y., July 18, 1895 

Diffenderffer, Frank Ried Lancaster, Pa., April 15, 1891 

Editor "iVfiu Era." 

Dillinger, Jacob Schreiver AUentown, Pa., Jan. 13, 1892 

Attorney-at-Law . 

Derr, Andrew Fein Wilkesbarre, Pa., July iS, 1892 

Daron, George York, Pa., July 12, 1894 

Deatrick, William Wilberforce, Kutztown, Pa., Jan. 9, 1895 

Rev. Prof, at Keystone State Normal School. 
Diefenderfer, Walter Benneville, M. D. . . .Cresson, Pa., April 14, 1896 
Dunbar, William Henry, Baltimore, Md., January 11, 1893 

Rev. and D. D. — Lutheran. 

Dundore, Franklin . Philadelphia, Pa., April 11, 1894 

Dundore, Charles Rick Philadelphia, Pa., July 20, 1894 

Dundore, Nathan Lebanon, Pa., July 20, 1894 

Dundore, Franklin Jr Philadelphia, Pa., July 20, 1894 

Egle, William Henry M. D Harrisburg, Pa., April 15, 1891 

Penn'a State Librarian. 
Erdman, Constantine J AUentown, Pa., Jan. 13, 1892 

Member of Congress. 

Eisenhart, Charles A., D. S York, Pa., Oct. 11, 1893 

Endlich, Gustav Adolph Reading, Pa., Jan. 12, 1894 

Judge of County Courts. 

£berman, Clarence Edgar Lancaster, Pa., Jan. 12, 1894 

Clergyman. 



Surviving Members. 



133 



Ebner, Edward York, Pa., Jan. 

Ermentrout, James Nevin Reading, Pa., Jan 

Pres't Judge of County Courts. 

Ermentrout, Daniel Reading, Pa., Jan. 

Attorney-at-Law, Member of Congfress. 

Early, John William Reading, Pa., July 

Lutheran Clergyman. 

Eby, Maurice C Harrisburg, Pa., Apri 

Ex-Mayor of Harrisburg. 

Eby, Simon Peter Lancaster, Pa., Oct 

Attorney-at-Law. 

Eyster, William York, Pa., Jan 

Eyerman, John, Prot Easton, Pa., Apri 

F. Z. S. (London), F. G. S. A., F. A. G. S., M. I. M. E. 

Fisher, Henry L York, Pa., Apri 

Attorney-at-Law. 
Franklin, Walter Mayer . . Lancaster, Pa., Apri 

Attorney-at-Law. 

Faust, Jonathan, M. D Zieglersville, Pa., Apri 

Fisher, William Derr Lebanon, Pa., Jan 

Fisher, George Garibaldi York, Pa., Oct 

Attorney-at-Law. 

Frick, Benjamin Franklin York, Pa., Jan 

Frankhouser, Fremont W., M. D Reading, Pa., Jan 

Eager, Charles B., M D Harrisburg, Pa., Apri 

Forry, Silas H , York, Pa., Jan 

Attorney-at-Law . 

Frysinger, Jesse Hanover, Pa , Jan 

Fry, Jacob Reading, Pa , Jan 

Rev. and D. D. Lutheran.— Prof Theo. Sem., Mt. Airy, Philadelphia. 

Fogel, Edwin Miller Fogelsville, Pa., Jan. 

Glessner, James Graham York, Pa., Jan. 

Attorney-at-Law. 
Geise, Frank York, Pa., Jan. 

Attorney-at-Law. 

Gallatin, John Dallas York. Pa., Jan. 

Grob, Samuel Schwenksville, Pa., April 

Gobin, John Peter Shindel Lebanon, Pa., Jan. 

Brev. Brig. General U. S. V.— State Senator. 

Gorgas, George Albert, D. S Harrisburg, Pa., Jan. 

Gorgas, William Luther Harrisburg, Pa., Jan. 

Good, James I Reading, Pa., Jan. 

Rev. and D. D.— German Reformed. 

Gross, John Kunkel York, Pa., Jan. 

Gillan, W. Rush, Chambersburg, Pa., Jan. 

Attorney-at-Law. 



12, 
12, 

12, 

18, 

15, 

14, 

12, 
14, 

15, 

15, 

15, 
II, 
II, 

12, 

9, 
23- 
12, 

12, 
• 9, 

16, 
12, 



1894 
1894 

1895 

1891 

1891 

1894 
1896 



1891 

1893 
1893 

1894 
1895 
1895 



1894 
1895 



1894 



12, 1} 



12, 
15, 
13, 

13, 
13, 
II, 

12, 
12, 



1894 
1891 
1892 

1892 
1892 
1893 

1894 
1894 



134 TJie Pennsylvania-German Society. 

Gross, Israel Felker York, Pa., Jan. 12, 1894 

Grumbine, Lee Light Lebanon, Pa., April 15, 1891 

Attorn ey-at-Law. 

Grumbine, Ezra, M. D Lebanon, Pa., April 15, 1891 

Grumbine, Harvey Carson Lebanon, Pa., Jan. 11, 1893 

Grumbine, Samuel Titusville, Pa., Jan. 12, 1894 

Attoniey-at-Law. 

Hark, J. Max . Bethlehem, Pa., April 15, 1891 

Rev. and D. D. — Moravian, Principal Female Seminary. 

Hake, Edward G., M. D New Cumberland, Pa., Jan. 13, 1S92 

Hayden, Horace Edwin Wilkesbarre, Pa., Jan. 11, 1S93 

Episcopal Clergj-mau. 

Harter, T. H Middleburg, Pa., Oct. 11, 1S93 

Editor. 
Harbaugh, Linn Chambersburg, Pa., Jan. 12, 1894 

Attoruey-at-Law. 

Haines, Harvey W York, Pa., Jan. 12, 1894 

Hautz, Charles Edward York, Pa., Jan. 12, 1894 

Hartmann, Jean Wilhelm August Reading, Pa., Jan. 9, 1895 

Professor Reading High School. 

Hanold, Hiester Muhlenberg Reading, Pa.. April 23, 1895 

Hanold, Frank Wildbahn Reading, Pa., July 18, 1895 

Haldeman, Horace L Chickies, Pa., July 18, 1895 

Hartman, Paul Aug., M. D., Harrisburg, Pa., July 18, 1895 

Heckman, George Creider Reading, Pa., April 15, 1891 

Presbyterian Clergyman, D. D., LL. D. 

Hess, Abram Lebanon, Pa., April 15 1891 

Hess, Jeremiah S Hellertown, Pa., April 15, 1891 

Member State Legislature. 

Hertz, J. Lincoln, M D Lititz, Pa., April 15, 1891 

Heilman, Samuel Phillips, M. D. . . Heilman Dale, Pa., April 15, 1891 

Heilman, Henry Suavely Lebanon, Pa., April 15, 1891 

Hershey, Andrew Hiestand Lancaster, Pa., Jan. 11, 1893 

Hensel, William Uhler Lancaster, Pa., July 18, 1892 

Attorney General of Pennsylvania. 
Heydrick, Christopher Franklin, Pa., July 18, 1892 

Justice Supreme Court of Pennsylvania. — L,!,. D. 
Heindel, Perry Jacob Maish York, Pa., Oct. 11. 1893 

Attorney-at-Lav>r. 

Heller, John W York, Pa., Jan. 12, 1894 

Attorney-at-Law. 

Heiges, George W York, Pa., Jan. 12 1894 

Attorney-at-Law. 

Heiges, Samuel Beelman York. Pa., Jan. 12, 1894 

Herman, Charles Andrew York, Pa., Jan. 12, 1894 

Heller, H. D , M D Hellertown, Pa., Jan. 9, 1895 



Su rviving Mem bers. 135 

Heckman, Frederic Creider Reading, Pa., Jan. 9, 1895 

Herr, Martin Luther M. D Lancaster, Pa., Jan. 9, 1895 

Hiester, Gabriel Harrisburg. Pa., Jan. 13, i892 

Hill, Charles Frederick Hazleton, Pa., April 12, 1893 

Hiester, Isaac Reading, Pa., Jan. 9. 1895 

Attorney-at-L,aw. 
Houck, Henry . . Lebanon, Pa., Jan. 13, 1892 

Deputy State Supt. Public Schools. 

Hoffer, Allen David Lebanon, Pa., Jan. 11, 1893 

Hofter, John Henry Lebanon, Pa., Jan. 11, 1893 

Hoffman, Amos York, Pa., Jan. 12, 1894 

Hoffman, Walter James, M. D Washington, D. C , Jan 12, 1894 

Smithsouian Institute; 'Medal ol Steel," Franco-German War; "Royal Nor- 
wegian Golden Medal of Merit; " Knights of the "Order of Melusine;" Vene- 
zuelan Order "Bust of the Liberator." 

Holtzinger, John H Harrisburg, Pa., Jan. 9, 1895 

Humerich, C. P Carlisle, Pa., April 15, 1891 

Hubley, Alfred Augustus Lancaster, Pa , Jan. 9, 1895 

Kauffman, Andrew John Columbia, Pa., April 15, 1891 

Kershner, Jefferson E Lancaster, Pa., April 15, 1891 

Professor Franklin and Marshall College. — Ph. D. 

Keogy, Joseph G Hanover, Pa., April 15, 1891 

Klatz, Robert Mauch Chunk, Pa., July 8, iSgr 

Kelker, Rudolph Frederick Harrisburg, Pa , Jan. 13, 1892- 

Kelker, William Anthony Harrisburg, Pa., Jan. 13, 1892 

Keller, John Peter, D. S . Harrisburg, Pa., Jan. 13, 1892 

Keim, Beverly Randolph Philadelphia, Pa., Jan 11, 1893 

Kevinski, John Bruno Lancaster, Pa., Jan. 11, 1895 

Kriebel, Howard Wiegner Pennsburg, Pa., July 20, 1894 

Keller, Eli Zionsville, Pa., Jan. 9, 1895 

Rev. and D. D. 

Kline, Clarence Winfield Hazleton, Pa., Jan. 9, 1895 

Attorney -at-Law. 

Kindig, Harrison York, Pa., Jan 12, 1894 

Knerr, Levi Jacob, M. D., Reading, Pa., Jan 12, 1894 

Keck, Winfield Scott Bethlehem, Pa., Jan. 16, 1896- 

Kriebel, Oscar Schultz Pennsburg, Pa., Jan 16,1896 

Clergyman. — Schwenkf elder; Principal Perkiomen Seminary. 

Keagy, Franklin Chambersburg, Pa., April 14, 1896. 

Architect. 

Kunkle, Paul A Harrisburg, Pa., April 15, 1891 

Kulp, George Brubaker Wilkesbarre, Pa., Jan. 11, 1893 

Attorney-at-Law. — Fditor. 

Kuhn, Levi Oscar Middletown, Conn., July 18, 1892 

Professor Wesleyan University. 



136 The Penjisylvania-German Society. 

Levan, C. W Easton, Pa., April 15, 1891 

Clergyman. 

Lemberger, Joseph Lyon Lebanon, Pa., Jan. 11, 1893 

Light, Joseph Herst Jersey City, N. J., Jan 11,1893 

Light, Simon P Lebanon, Pa.. Jan. 11, 1893 

Attortiey-at-Law. 
Levering, Joseph Mortimer Bethlehem, Pa., July 20, 1894 

Rt. Rev. Bishop, Moravian. 

Livingood, Frank Shalter Reading, Pa., Jan. 9, 1895 

Attorney-at-Law. 

Levan, Lewis Sebastian Reading, Pa., Jan. 9, 1895 

Landis, Henry, M. D., Reading, Pa., Jan. 9, 1895 

Landis, James Miller Philadelphia, Pa., July 18, 1895 

Leibert, Morris William Bethlehem, Pa., Jan. 16, 1896 

Clergyman. 

Loucks, Augustus York, Pa., Jan. 12, 1894 

McPherson, John Bayard , Harrisburg, Pa., Jan. 13, 1892 

Judge of County Courts. 

McKnight, Milton Brayton Reading, Pa., Jan. 9, 1895 

Maurer, Daniel C Harrisburg, Pa., April 15, 1891 

Martin, Edwin Konigmacker NY. City, April 15, 1891 

Attorney-at-Law . 

Marshall, Logan A York, Pa., Jan. 12, 1894 

Martin, Clayton E Reading, Pa., Jan. 16, 1896 

Meily, John Lebanon, Pa , Jan. 11, 1893 

Meily, Frank Edward Lebanon, Pa., Jan. 11, 1893 

Attorney-at-Law. 

Metzler, John Harrison Lancaster, Pa., Jan. 11, 1893 

Mentzer, John Franklin, M. D , .Ephrata, Pa , Oct. 11, 1893 

Meminger, James Wilbert Lancaster, Pa., Jan. 9, 1895 

Clergyman. 

Mish, John Weidman Lebanon, Pa., April 15, 1891 

Miller, Henry Grant Lebanon, Pa., Oct. 3, 1894 

Minnich, Michael Reed Philadelphia, Pa., Jan. 9, 1895 

Clergyman. — Lutheran. 

Miller, Jonathan B Bernville, Pa., Jan. 9, 1895 

Mosser, Henry Reading, Pa., Oct. 11, 1893 

Rev. and D. D. — Reiormed. 

Montgomery, Morton L Reading, Pa., April 15, 1891 

Attorney -at.Law. 

Muhlenberg, Henry Augustus Reading, Pa., April 15, 1891 

Attorney-at-Law ; Member of Valley Forge Commission. 

Mull, George Fulmer Lancaster, Pa., April 15, 1891 

Reformed Clergyman , Professor in Franklin and Marshall College. 

Muhlenberg, William Frederick, M. D Reading, Pa., Jan. 9, 1895 



Surviving Members, 137 

Meyers, Benjamin Franklin Harrisburg, Pa., April 15, 1891 

Ex-Member of Congress. 

Nead, Daniel Wunderlich, M. D Philadelphia, Pa., April 15, 1891 

Nead, B. M Harrisburg, Pa., April 15, 1891 

Neisser, Charles Henry South Bethlehem, Pa., Jan. 16, 1896 

Orth, Henry C Harrisburg, Pa., Jan. 11, 1893 

Opp, Charles Benjamin Bethlehem, Pa., Jan. 16, 1896 

Parthemore, E. Winfield Scott Harrisburg, Pa , April 15, 1891 

Pennypacker, Samuel W Philadelphia, Pa., April 15, 1891 

Judge, Court of Common Pleas, No. 2. — 1,1,. D. 

Pastorius, Francis Daniel Camden, N. J., July 8, 189 1 

Attorney-at-Law. 

Porter, Thomas Conrad Easton, Pa., Oct. 14, 1892 

Rev. D. D. X,X,. D., Reformed.— Professor Lafayette College. 
Peters, Madison C N. Y. City, June 9, 1895 

Rev. and D. D. 

Pershing, Theodore Philadelphia, Pa., Jan. 16, 1896 

Ranch, Edwin Henry Mauch Chunk, Pa., April 15. 1891 

Editor. 

Rau, Robert Bethlehem, Pa., July 20, 1894 

Rath, Myron O Allentown, Pa., Jan 16, 1896 

Lutheran Clergyman. 

Redsecker, Jacob H Lebanon, Pa., April 15, 1891 

Reinoehl, John Lebanon, Pa., Jan. 11, 1893 

Reinoehl, Adam Cyrus Lancaster, Pa., April 12, 1893 

Attorney-at-Law. 

Rebert, Harry Milton York, Pa., Jan. 12, 1894 

Reinoehl, Jacob E Lebanon, Pa., Jan. 9, 1S95 

Attorney-at-Law. 

Reider, Abraham Henry Middletown, Pa., Jan. 16, 1896 

Richards, George Henry Columbia, Pa., April 15, 1891 

Richards, Henry Melchior Muhlenberg .... Reading, Pa , July 8, 1891 

Late Lieut. U. S. Navy ; Penna. Commis. on Indian Forts. 

Rise, Henry Dallas Lebanon, Pa., Jan. 11, 1893 

Rise, George D Lebanon, Pa., Jan 11, 1893 

Richards, Matthias Henry ........ Allentown, Pa., April 12, 1893 

Rev. and D. D. Lutheran : Professor in Muhlenberg College. 
Ritter, Milford Newton Reading, Pa., April 11, 1894 

Editor "Adler." 

Rice, Joseph A Bethlehem, Pa., July 20, 1894 

Rick, James Reading, Pa., Jan. 9, 1895 

Rice, William Henry New Dorp, N. Y., Jan. 16, 1896. 

Clergyman. 

Richardson, William H Norristown, Pa., July 24, 1896 

Editor. 

Ross, George Redsecker Lebanon, Pa , April 15, 1891 



138 The Pe7tnsylvania-Germa7i Society. 

Rohrer, George Frederick Harrisburg, Pa., Jan. 11, 

Rohrer, Jeremiah Lancaster, Pa., July 18, 

Rhoads, Michael Albert, M. D., Reading, Pa., April 11, 

Rhoads, Thomas Jeflerson Boyer, M. D. . . Boyertown, Pa., Jan. 9, 
Rothermel, Abraham Heckman Reading, Pa., Jan. 9, 

Attorney-at-Law. 

Roebuck, Peter J., M. D Lititz, Pa., Jan 16, 

Roller. John Edwin Harrisonburg, W. Yir., Jan. 16, 

Attorney-at-Law. 

Rupp, Henry Wilson Philadelphia, Pa., Oct. 16, 

Sachse, Julius Friedrich Philadelphia, Pa., April 15, 

E;ditor. 

Stauffer, David McNeely N. Y. City, Oct. 14, 

C. E.— Editor. 
Stahr, John S Lancaster, Pa., April 15, 

Rev. Ph. D. D. D. Reformed : President Franklin and Marshall College. 
Schmauk, Theodore E Lebanon, Pa., April 15, 

Lutheran Clergyman. — Editor Lutheran Church Review. 
Schantz, Franklin Jacob Fogel Myerstown, Pa., April 15, 

Rev. and D. D. Lutheran. 

Slaymaker, Henry Edwin , Lancaster, Pa., July 18, 

Swarr, David Mellinger Lancaster, Pa., April 12, 

Spangler, Henry Thomas . ...... CoUegeville, Pa., Oct. 11, 

Clergyman. 

Spangler, Edward Webster York, Pa. , Oct. 11, 

Attorney-at-Law ; Editor. 

Spangler, Jacob Rudolph, M. D York, Pa., Jan. 12, 

Stable, James A , York, Pa., Jan. 12, 

Small. William Latimer York, Pa., Jan. 12, 

Schwartz, James Ernest Pittsburg, Pa., July 20, 

Schaeifer, Nathan C Lancaster, Pa , July 20, 

Rev. Reformed.— Ph. D--State Sup't of Public Instruction. 
Sahm, John Tritle Luther Wilkesbarre, Pa., Jan. 9, 

Attorn ey-at -La w . 

Spatz, Charles B Boyertown, Pa., Jan. 9, 

Editor. 

Schaadt, James L Allentown, Pa., Jan. 9, 

Attoruey-at-Law. 

Schaeffer, Daniel Nicholas Reading, Pa., Jan. 9, 

Attorney-at-Lavif. 

Schaeffer, Charles Henry Reading, Pa., Jan. 9, 

Attorney-at-Law. 

Schweinitz, Paul de Nazareth, Pa., April 15, 

Moravian Clergyman. 

Sheeleigh, Matthias Fort Washington, Pa., April 15, 

Rev. and D. D.— Lutheran. 



893 
892 
894 
895 
895 

896 
896 

895 
891 

891 

891 



892 
893 
893 

893 

S94 



894 
895 
895 
895 
895 
895 
891 
891 



Surviving Members. 139 

Steinman, George Lancaster, Pa., April 15, 1891 

Sener, Samuel Miller Lancaster, Pa., April 15, 1891 

Shenk, Jacob M Lebanon, Pa., Jan. ir, 1893 

Seltzer, A Frank Lebanon, Pa., July 18, i«92 

Attorn ej'-at-L,aw. 

Shenk, Christian Lebanon, Pa , April 15, 1891 

Seiffert, Franklin L York, Pa., Oct. 11, 1893 

Sell, Lewis D Hanover, Pa., Jan. 12, 1894 

Shea, Christian Bernard Pittsburg, Pa., Oct. 3, 1894 

Spears, John E Reading, Pa , Jan. 9, 1895 

Schvveinitz, Robert de Bethlehem, Pa., Jan. 16, 1896 

Moravian Clergyman. 

Shimer, Jacob Schantz, M D Philadelphia, Pa., Jan. 16, 1896 

Skiles, John Dunlap Lancaster, Pa., Oct. 14, 1891 

Shindel, Jacob A Lebanon, Pa., April 15, 1891 

Shindel, JayM Lebanon, Pa., Jan. 11, 1893 

Smith, Emanuel S Logansville, Pa., Oct. 11, 1893 

Shindel, Reuben Hathaway York, Pa., Jan. 12, 1894 

Stichter, Franklin Goodhart Louisiana, Mo.. Jan. 9, 1895 

Smith, Alfred Mt. Airy, Philadelphia, Pa., July 2ii 1896 

Smith, Alfred Percival Philadelphia, Pa., July 21, 1896 

Attorney-at-Law. 

Strous, Beniamin Morris Lebanon, Pa., Jan. 11, 1893 

Schock, George B Lebanon, Pa., Jan. 11, 1893 

Schober, Frederick Philadelphia, Pa., July 17, 1893 

Schropp, Abraham Sebastian Bethlehem, Pa., July 20, 1894 

Smull. William Pauli Harrisburg, Pa., April 15, 1891 

Editor. 

Shultz, Charles Bagge Lititz, Pa., Jan. 11, 1893 

Moravian Clergyman. 

Smyser, Jacob Matthias York, Pa., Jan 12, 1894 

Trone, Johns Smith's Station, York Co., Pa., Jan. 12, 1894 

Trimmer, Daniel K York, Pa., Jan. 12, 1894 

Attorney-at-L,aw. 

Trexler, Horatio Reading, Pa., Jan. 9, 1895 

Trexler, Harry C Allentown, Pa., Jan. 16, 1896 

Urner, Isaac N Parkerford, Pa., April 15, 1891 

Attorn ey-at-Law. 

Unger, John F. C. E Philadelphia, Pa., Jan 16, 1896 

Warfel, John B Lancaster, Pa., April 15, 1891 

Ex-State Senator: Publisher "■New Era." 

Wagner, H. Dumont Philadelphia, Pa., July 8, 1891 

Wagner, John Gary Shippensburg, Pa., Jan 12, 1894 

Editor "News." 



140 The Pennsylvania-German Society. 

Weisser, Clement Zwingli . . . . East Greenville, Pa., April 15, 1S91 

Rev. and D. D. — German Reformed. 

Weiser, William Franklin York, Pa., April 11, 1894 

Weimer, Walter Earle Lebanon, Pa., Jan. 9, 1895 

Weaver, Ethan Allen Philadelphia, Pa., Jan 9,1895 

C. E. Penna. R. R. 

Wilson, William Bender Holmesburg, Pa., July 18, 1892 

Witmer, David S York, Pa., Oct. 12, 1893 

Wiegand, Edwin Byron Reading, Pa , Jan. 9, 1S95 

Attorney-at-Law. 

Wollman, Gustav Adolph York, Pa., Jan. 12, 1S94 

Young, Hiram York, Pa., April 15, 1891 

Editor "Dispatch.'" 

Yundt, Thomas Marks Womelsdorf, Pa , Jan. 9, 1895 

German Reformed Clergyman. 
Zimmerman, Thomas C Reading, Pa., April 15, 1891 

Editor "Times" and" Journal." 

Ziegler, James B York, Pa., Oct. 11, 1893 

Attorney-at-Law. 

Zern, Jacob G., M D Lehighton, Pa., Jan. 12, 1894 

Zechman, William M Reading, Pa., Jan. 9, 1895 

Superintendent Berks County Schools. 



HONORARY MEMBERS. 



Elected 

Latimer, Hon. James W York, Pa., April 11, 1894 

Kell, Joseph York, Pa., April 11, 1894 



BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES. 



Heilman, Samuel Philip, Heilman Dale, Leba- 
non county, Pa., born there Dec. 4, 1842, son of John 
and Catharine (Heilman) Heilman, cousins, son of 
John Henry, son of John Adam, son of John Adam, 
son of Johann, son of Johann Jakob, son of Jobann 
Dietrich, son of Hans Dietrich Heilman, of Zuzen- 
hausen, Baden, Germany. His ancestors settled in 
this country Sept. 9, 1738. Veit, the ancestor of the- 
family, lived in 1305, during an era when men had 
but a single name, and were often distinguished from 
each other by the name of their occupation attached 
to their single name. Thus Veit was a distinguished 
physician, and was styled "Veit, the Heilman," and 
through usage the definitive word became the fam- 
ily or surname. Veit, the Heilman, and many of 
his descendants, were members of the German order 
of nobles, had their family coat of arms, and occupied 
many places of trust and honor as generals, feudal 



142 The Pennsylvania-Gernjan Society. 

lords, and church dignitaries. Their home and 
achievements were in the Rhine country. One of 
the descendants was a partner of Guttenberg, the in- 
ventor of printing, while another, Ludwig Heilman, 
in 15 12, wrote a celebrated hymn in triumph of the 
Reformation. 

In Grimm's monumental Deutsches Worterbuch 
heilman is given as a synonym for Artz, Ger., Med- 
icus, Lat., Doctor, Eng. The interesting facts shown 
in the foregoing clause are that there is a family his- 
tory of nearly six hundred years, and that Dr. Heil- 
man is a member of the same honored profession as 
his ancestor in times past was, whose eminence was 
such as to bring to him the distinctive appellation 
ihe heibnaii (cure-man). 

Samuel Philip Heilman obtained an elementary 
education at Annville (Pa.) Academy, and Heilman 
Dale High school, received the degree of A. B., 
from Franklin and Marshall College, Lancaster, Pa., 
in 1862, and A. M., in 1865 5 began to read medicine 
in 1864, at Lebanon, Pa., under the preceptorship of 
C. D. Gloninger, M. D. took two winter and one 
summer courses of lectures at the University of 
Pennsylvania, Department of Medicine, and received 
the degree of M. D., therefrom, March 14, 1867. 

Dr. Heilman has practised medicine at Heilman 
Dale since June following his graduation in 1867. 
He is a member of the Lebanon County Medical So- 
ciety, president in 1892, secretary, i893-'94, and has 
been on its board of censors since 1892 ; is a member 
of the Medical Society of the State of Pennsylvania ; 



Biographical Sketches. 143 

«of the American Medical Association ; of tlie Penn- 
sylvania-German Society ; Sons of the Revolution ; 
Traveling Men's Club ; has been secretary of the Mt. 
Gretna Agricultural, Mechanical, and Industrial Ex- 
position Association since 189 1 ; secretary of the 
Heilman Dale Creamery Association since 1883 ; a 
member of the board of trustees of Franklin and 
Marshall College, Lancaster, Pa., since 1894 ; was a 
delegate to the Farmers' National Congress, Parkers- 
burg, W. Va., October 3-10, 1894 ; and Atlanta, Ga., 
■October 10-16, 1895, by appointment of the governor ; 
and has been botanist to the Lebanon County Agri- 
cultural Society since 1895. He was dispensary phy- 
.sician to the Hospital of the Good Samaritan, Leba- 
non, Pa., 1892 ; and has been health inspector for 
Lebanon county, for the State Board of Health, Penn- 
sylvania, since 1895. To the County Medical So- 
ciety he has presented papers on "Carcinoma ; " 
" Hndrometritis ; " "Deposits in Urine;" and Anti- 
toxine in Diphtheria ; " and to the State Board of 
Agriculture papers on "Hygiene as to our Domestic 
Animals," and "Discontent amongst our Rural Pop- 
ulation." 

Outside of his profession. Dr. Heilman has been a 
delegate to county and state political conventions at 
various times ; was delegated to the Eastern Synod 
of the Reformed Church in the United States, 
.Shamokin, Pa., October 16, 1895, and to the General 
Synod, Dayton, O., May, 1896. 

Married, September 30, 1885, Miss Elizabeth, 
.daughter of Daniel H. Beaver, M. D., of Fredericks- 



144 T^^^ Pennsylvmiia-German Society. 

burg, Pa. They have two children: Anna Barbara 
and Catharine Ruth Heilman. 

Hayden, Rev. Horace Edwin, was born in 
Catonsville, Baltimore county, Maryland, February 
i8, 1837. ^^ is the third child of Hon. Edwin Par- 
sons Hayden, of Md., (1811-1850) and in the paternal 
line descends from William Hayden, of Windsor, 
Conn., who came from England to Massachusetts in 
the " Mary and John," 1630, and received land in 
Windsor for his gallantry in the Pequot war of 1637,. 
which land the family have owned for 254 years. 
Mr. Hayden's father was educated at the University 
of Maryland, studied law at Yale College, and prac- 
ticed in Baltimore, and in Howard county, Md. He was 
a member of the Legislature, and Clerk of the How- 
ard county Court. He was a son of Dr. Horace H. 
Hayden, of Baltimore, a geologist of repute, as well 
as a physician and dentist, one of the founders and 
the first President of the Baltimore Dental College ; 
the author of "Geological Essays," 1821, and many 
other titles on medical and scientific subjects. Dr. 
Hayden was son of Adjutant Thomas Hayden, of 
Windsor, Conn., who served through the war of the 
Revolution as an officer in the Continental and Con- 
necticut Lines. 

The Rev. Mr. Hayden's mother, of Pennsylvania- 
German descent, was Miss Elizabeth Hause, of Phila- 
delphia, who was married to his father by Rev. G. T. 
Bedall, D.D., Sept. 11, 1832. She was born in Phila- 
delphia, August 1 8 10, died in Baltimore, Md., July 



Biographical Sketches. 145 

3, 1887, daughter of William Hause, long a mer- 
chant in Philadelphia, born in Strasburg township, 
Lancaster county. Pa., Dec. 27, 1776; baptized 
"Wilhelm" by Rev. Dr. Illing, July 19, 1782, died in 
Philadelphia, 1856. He was the son of Johann 
Michael Mause, of Strasburg township, born on the 
high seas while his father Johann Michael Hause, 
Sr., was emigrating with his family to Pennsylvania 
in 1 75 1, married in Lancaster county, Anna Maria 
Ommert, whose parents also came from Amsterdam, 
served in the Lancaster county Militia during the 
Revolutionary war. and died of cholera, in Philadel- 
phia, 1797. William Hause was married in Phila- 
delphia, June 7, 1804, in the German Reformed 
church, by Rev. Samuel Helfenstein, to Catharine 
Hull, bom in Philadelphia, 1788, died 1819, daugh- 
ter of Jacob Hull, of Northern Liberties, 1750-1804, 
who served from 1776 to 1780 in the Philadelphia 
Associators in the First and Second Regiments, and 
was for many years Tax Collector of Northern Lib- 
erties. Jacob Hull's wife whom he married in St. 
Michael's and Zion's Church, December 31, 1781, 
was Catherine Abell, daughter of Conrad Abell, of 
Philadelphia, and his wife Maria Margaret Sturm, 
whom he married in St Michael's and Zion's Church, 
June I, 1756. When they emigrated from Germany 
is not known. Conrad Abell owned the land S. W. 
comer of Broad and Juniper streets, Philadelphia, 
which is still in the hands of his descendants. 

The Rev. Mr. Hayden was educated at St. Timo- 
thy's Hall, Catonsville, Md., then a military acad- 



146 The Pennsylvan'a-Gcnimn Society. 

emy, 184 7-1 85 3, when financial troubles forced liim 
to enter business life in Baltimore and Philadelphia, 
where he was for several years with Gen, David B. 
Birney, and others. In 1859 he entered Kenyon 
College, Ohio, to prepare for the Ministry of the 
Protestant Episcopal Church, from which college he 
received the honorary degree of Master of Arts in 
1886. Being compelled to provide the means for his 
own education he left Kenyon in 1858 to teach, in 
order to secure the funds to complete his course. 
When the war between the States began, he relin- 
quished his school in Maryland, and entered the 
Confederate Army, enlisting for one year as private 
June I, 1 86 1, in the Howard county, (Md.) Cavalry, 
Col. Angus McDonald's Va. Regiment. This Com- 
pany w^as organized in his native home. Before the 
expiration of his term of enlistment, he re-enlisted 
for two years from June i, 1862, serving these three 
years in McDonald's Regiment, and the First Vir- 
ginia, and First Maryland Cavalry Regiments with 
the Howard county Company. After the expiration 
of his three years he continued a volunteer in the 
ranks, in the Third Va. Infantry Batt., until Janu- 
ary I, 1865, when he received his honorable dis- 
charge. During the war, having at one time studied 
medicine, he was put in charge of the wounded Con- 
federates in Prince Williams county after the second 
battle of Manassas, and was appointed Hospital 
Steward by the Surgeon General, He served as such 
for a few months in the Hospitals under Surgeon J. 
Iv. Cabell, and then in the field and in the ranks. 



Biographical Sketches. 147 

Having been an enrolled candidate for the ministry 
in Maryland in 1 861, lie resumed his studies Janu- 
ary I, 1865, in the Theological Seminary of Virginia, 
then temporarily located at Staunton. After the 
close of the war when the Seminary returned to its 
property at Alexandria, he was the first student to 
enter. He graduated from the institution June, 1867. 
He was ordained to the Diaconate by his kinsman^ 
Rt. Rev. John Johns, D.D., IvL.D., Bishop of Virginia, 
June 26, 1867, ^^^ ^^ once entered upon his minis- 
terial duties in charge of the Church at Point Pleas- 
ant, West Virginia. He was ordained to the Priest- 
hood by Rt. Rev. F. M. Whittle, D.D., then Assistant 
Bishop of Virginia, August 7, 1868. He resigned 
the Church at Point Pleasant, March, 1873, to be- 
come rector of St. John's Church, West Brownsville, 
Pa., where he remained until Nov. i, 1879, when he 
became Assistant Minister of St. Stephen's Churchy 
Wilkes-Barre, Pa., in charge of its mission work, 
which position he has now held for nearly seventeen 
years. He has also held the appointment of Exam- 
ining Chaplain in the Diocese of Central Pennsyl- 
vania since 1885. From his youth, Mr. Hayden has 
been interested in historical and scientific studies, 
more especially however in the line of American his- 
tory, his library containing over 5,000 titles on this 
fascinating subject. He has written some things 
also ; his bibliography covering over thirty titles, 
among which the largest is his "Virginia Genealog- 
ies" Ig 8° pp 800, 1 89 1, and his contributions to the 
bibliography of the Wyoming Historical and Geolog- 



148 The Pemisylvania-German Society. 

ical Society of which he has been for some time Cor- 
responding Secretary and Assistant Librarian. Be- 
sides his membership in the Pennsylvania-German 
Society, to which he was elected January nth, 1893, 
he is a member, or corresponding member of various 
historical and scientific societies, the Historical So- 
ciety of Pennsylvania, the American Historical As- 
sociation, the Historical Societies of Maryland, Vir- 
ginia, Georgia, Kansas, Buffalo, &c. He is also a 
member of the Pennsylvania Societies of Colonial 
Wars ; Sons of the Revolution ; War of 181 2 ; Naval 
Order of the U. S. ; Military Order of Foreign Wars; 
also of the Confederate Veterans ; Army and Navy 
C. S. A., &c. He is also Secretary of the Luzerne 
County Humane Association, and honorary member 
Brownsville, Pa., Lodge, No. 60, F. A. M. 

Mr. Hayden married in Point Pleasant, West Vir- 
ginia, November 30, 1868, Miss Kate Elizabeth 
Byers, daughter of John A. Byers, Civil Engineer, at 
one time Superintendent of the Western Division of 
the James River and Kanawha Canal, and his wife 
Charlotte Mary Davis, daughter of James Kiemer 
Davis and his wife Mary Weitzel, daughter of Hon. 
John Weitzel, of Sunbury, Pa., born at Lancaster, 
Dec. 30, 1752, son of Johann Paul, and Charlotte 
Elizabeth Weitzel, both of whom came from Amster- 
dam to Lancaster, Pa., in the Ship Loyal Judith, 
1742. Hon. John Weitzel was County Commissioner 
of Northumberland county. Pa., 1772, at the age of 
19, also 1776 and 1790-91-92; Justice of the Peace, 
1775-1777, when 22 ; member of the Provincial Coun- 



Biographical Sketches. 149 

cil of Pennsylvania, 1776, when 23 ; member of the 
Constitutional Convention 1776; member of the 
Committee of Safety , 1776-77 ; Commissary of Issues, 
1 778-1 783 ; Superintendent Magazine Fort Augusta, 
1779 ; Judge of the Common Pleas, 1 789-1 796. 

Mr. Hay den has one son, Horace Edwin Hayden, 
Jr., to inherit his membership in the Pennsylvania- 
German Society in 1905. 

KuLP, George Brubaker, Wilkes-Barre, Pa. Bom 
at Reamstown, Lancaster County, Pa., February 11, 
1839; son of Eli Sellers Kulp, born in Kulpsville, 
Pa., February 2, 1800, died at St. Georges, Delaware, 
July 6, 1849; grandson of Abraham Kulp, born in 
Towamencin Township, Montgomery Count}'-, Pa., 
July 19,1770, died near Linden, Pa., Feb. 11,1847; great- 
grandson of Jacob Kulp, born in Whitpain Township, 
Montgomery County, Pa., March 7, 1740, died at 
Kulpsville, Pa., June 28, 1818. His mother is Su- 
sanna, born October 3, 1809, daughter of Samuel 
Breneiser, of Adamstown, Pa., born February 18, 1768 ; 
his grandmother was Susanna Barbara, born May 21, 
1778, daughter of George Schwartz, Oley, born Au- 
gust 19, 1752, died 1832, and wife, Elizabeth Nein, 
born in Oley, February 4, 1759, died 1805. 

The arrival of his ancestors in America was as fol- 
lows : Paternal great-great-great-great-great grand- 
father, Peter Schumacher, came to Germantown, Pa., 
October 12, 1685, in the "Francis and Dorothy," 
from Krisheim, Germany ; Paternal great-great-great 
grandfather. Rev. Henry Kalb, about 1707, from 



150 The Pennsyhama-German Society. 

Wolfsheim, in the Palatinate, Germany ; Paternal 
great-great grandfather, Philip Henry Soller (now 
Sellers), September 11, 1728, from Weinheim, Ger- 
many, who first settled near Skippack, Pa., but sub- 
sequently near the present Sellersville, Pa. ; Paternal 
great-great-great grandfather, Gerhart Clemens, born 
1680, came from the Palatinate, Germany, in 1709, 
and settled in Lower Salford Township, Montgomery 
County, Pa., where he purchased, in 1718, 690 acres 
of land of David Powell, and built a mill on a branch 
of the Perkiomen Creek, in 1726; Maternal great 
grandfather, John Valentine Breneiser, arrived Sep- 
tember 5, 1730, from Germany. 

Mr. Kulp is an Attorney-at-Law and editor of The 
Luzerne Legal Register. He served as Register of 
Wills, Luzerne County, Pa., from i860 to '66, School 
Director, Wilkes-Barre, i865-'96. United States Assis- 
tant Assessor of Internal Revenue, 1867-69, member 
City Council, Wilkes-Barre, 1876-82. He is the au- 
thor of "Families of the Wyoming Valley," 3 volumes, 
"Historical Essays," i volume, "Luzerne Legal Regis- 
ter Reports," 6 volumes, and is President of the Board 
of Trustees of The Henry H. Derr Memorial Metho- 
dist Episcopal Church, of Wilkes-Barre. 

Roller, John E., son Peter S, and Frances Sidney 
(Allebach) Roller was born in Mount Crawford, 
Rockingham County, Virginia, October 5th, 1844. 
He is descended in the fifth generation from John 
Peter Roller who came to America in the ship Richard 
and Mary,landing in Philadelphia, Sep. 26th, 1752, and 



Biographical Sketches. 151 

in the fourtTi generation from John Peter Roller who 
was born April ist, 1761, and was baptised in the 
old First Reformed Church in Lancaster, Pa., May 
loth, 1761. 

The Roller family has furnished Pennsylvania, in 
Colonial times, some sturdy frontiersmen and fighters 
of the Iroquois. 

See "Jones' History of the Juniata Valley." 

Another member of the family in America, was 
the Rev. Conrad Roller, the friend and associate of 
Muhlenberg, in his work in the Lutheran Church. 
He was pastor of Christ Church, New York, and of 
other important congregations. His descendants are 
among the honored sons of Pennsylvania to-day. 

The family is also well known abroad, both in 
France and Germany. Its most distinguished mem- 
ber in recent years was the Rev. Theopile Roller of 
Tocqueville-en-Caux, France, author of a profound 
and noted work on Christian Archaeology, "Les 
Catacombes de Rome." 

The members of the family in America have filled 
places of trust and honor, and have participated in 
every war waged on American soil. 

On the maternal side he is descended from Chris- 
tian Allebach, who on the loth of May, 1728, along 
with Israel Morris, John Roberts, Henry Penny- 
backer, Joist Hite and others, inhabitants of Cole- 
brook Dale in Berks County, petitioned Gov. Gordon, 
praying for relief against the Indians who had fallen 
upon the back inhabitants about Falkner's Swamp 
and Goshenhoppen. 



152 The Peiinsylvania-German Society. 

See Pa. Arch. I. P. 223. 

He is descended also from John Boneauvent, a 
French refugee, who first settled in Berks County 
and married there and afterwards removed to the 
Shenandoah Vallej^ in Virginia. 

He is a star graduate of the Virginia Military In- 
stitute and Bachelor of Law of the University of 
Virginia, a member of the bar of the Supreme Court 
of the United States, and of the Supreme Courts of 
the District of Columbia, Virginia and West Virginia, 
and a member of the Virginia Historical Society. 
He has served also in the State Senate of Virginia 
for four sessions. 

During the war he served as an of&cer in the army 
of the Confederate States, and was in the last line of 
battle at Appomattox C. H. and paroled there upon 
the surrender of Lee's army. 

He married July 24th, 1878, Margaret Rector 
Shacklett, who died May 12th, 1889. They had 
issue, two daughters. 

Shimer, Dr. Jacob Schantz, was born in Shimers- 
ville, Lehigh County, Pa., on April 4th, 1836. His 
great-great-grandfather was Jacob Scheimer (1679- 
1757), whose name first appears in the "Rittenhouse 
Papers" of 1722 in Germantown, Pa. ; married first, 
(1720) Margaret, fourth daughter of Heivert Papen 
and Elizabeth, only daughter of William Rittenhouse, 
progenitor of the astronomer David ; married, second 

(1733) Elizabeth . His great grandfather, 

eldest child of this second marriage, was Jacob Shimer 



Biographical Sketches. 153 

(June 4, 1734— June 6, 1764) ; married (June 13, 1758) 
Rosina Seip, born January i, 1739, in Hesse Darm- 
stadt, Germany ; settled at Sliimerton, now Reding- 
ton, Northampton County, Pa. His grandfather, 
John Seip Shimer (April 28, 1764— July 18, 1844) 
married (about 1790), Salome Hollenbach Van Bus- 
kirk (December 6, 1771 — October 7, 1844) daughter 
of Rev. Jacob Van Buskirk, a Lutheran clergyman, 
intimately connected with the Patriarch Muhlenberg, 
his preceptor, in his labors, grand-daughter of Captain 
Jacobus Van Buskirk, Hackensack, N. J., born 17 10, 
great grand-daughter of Lawrence Van Buskirk, Ber- 
gen, N. J., and Hendrickje Van Der Linde, great- 
great grand-daughter of Lawrens Andriessen (Law- 
rence, son of Andrew), who emigrated, 1655, from 
Holstein, Denmark, became a prominent citizen of 
Bergen, N. J., died 1694, married December 12, 1658, 
Jannetje Jans, widow of Christian Barentsen, from 
Hoorn, Holland, in 1653, who also died in 1694. His 
father, Charles Van Buskirk Shimer (June 27, 1802 
— August 24, 1880) married (March 27, 1827) Anna 
Bortz Schantz (February 25, 1807 — September 8, 
1886), daughter of Jacob Kromer Schantz (born in 
Germany, April 26, 1761 — died June 10, 1816), who 
served in the Revolutionary War and married 1788, 
Maria Bortz, born August 28, 1766. 

Dr. Shimer's early education was in the Easton 
Seminary and Allentown Academy. In the summer 
of 1855, he entered the Medical Department of the 
University of Pennsylvania, of which he is a graduate. 
He also took a course of instruction in the Philadel- 



154 The Pe7insylvania-German Society. 

pliia School of Practical Obstetrics, and Philadelphia 
School of Anatomy and Operative Surgery. He re- 
ceived his degree of M. D., March 28, 1857. He 
practiced at Millerstown (now Macungie) in 1857-58, 
at Bethlehem in 1858, then for about six years in his 
native place. In 1863 he united with the Evangeli- 
cal Association, of which he was licensed as a minis- 
ter of the gospel, in 1866. He served faithfully as 
such until 1868, when compelled to resign on ac- 
count of throat troubles, when he resumed the prac- 
tice of his profession. He is now a member of the 
Reformed Dutch Church, of America. 

On December 17, 1857, he married Caroline C. 
Smith, born September 19, 1826, daughter of William 
C. Smith, Philadelphia (181 2-1857), whose first 
American ancestor was Balzer Schmidt, from Wurz- 
burg, Germany, about 1700, with whom he has had 
issue six daughters and one son. 

Unger, John Frederick, C. E. Philadelphia, Pa. 
Born in Lower Macungie Township, Lehigh County, 
Pa., March 5, 1832. Son of Thomas Unger, (1804), 
son of John Christian Unger, (1779), son of George 
Unger, (1748), who lived in the Fishing Creek Valley, 
Dauphin (then Lancaster) County, Pa. Early records 
not available, but the family came from South Ger- 
many about 1736. On the maternal side, a son of 
Julianna Unger, a daughter of Peter Seiberling and 
his wife Catharine Schollenberger. 

Educated in the public schools and at the Stewarts- 
ville Acadeni}', New Jersey. Followed the profession 



Biographical Sketches. 155 

of civil engineer from 1856 to 1873. Assistant to 
George B. Roberts (now President of Pennsylvania 
Railroad Company) on the Allentown and Auburn, 
Millville and Glassboro, and Malianoy and Broad 
Mountain Railroads, from 1862 to 1865; assistant to 
Robert H. Sayre, of the Lehigh Valley Railroad, from 
1865 to 1 868 with the Lehigh Coal and Navigation 
Company and Chief Engineer of the Nanticoke and 
Scranton Railroad. From 1868 to 1873 engaged in 
special engineering work, north and south. 

Since 1873 interested in manufacturing enterprises 
of various kinds. At present (1896) actively engaged 
in the slate business. Factory at Slatington, Lehigh 
County, Pa. 

Urner, Isaac Newton, of Parkerford, Pa., born 
June 6, 182 1, on Urner Homestead, graduate of 
Dickinson College, 1845, admitted to the Law and 
Equity Courts, of South Carolina, in 1851, (married 
September 16, 1852, Eliza Stover Grubb, daughter of 
Jesse Grubb and Elizabeth Stover), President of 
Mississippi College, Clinton, Miss., from 185 1 to 1867, 
LL. D. of Mississippi College in 1867, author of the 
Genealogy of the Urner Family, 1893 ; son of John, 
bom at Urner Homestead, September 3, 1784, died 
April 7, 1827, (married November 20, 18 17, Elizabeth 
Grubb, daughter of Conrad Grubb, who served in the 
Revolutionary Army, and grand-daughter of Hein- 
rich Grob (Grubb) who came to Philadelphia in ship 
"Francis and Elizabeth," August 30, 1743), children 
Isaac Newton, named above, and Lydia, wife of Gil- 



156 The Peiinsylvania-Ge7'7na7i Society. 

bert Brower; son of Martin, of Chester County, Pa,, 
born July 28, 1762, at Urner Homestead, died Febru- 
ary 4, 1838, (married Barbara Baugh, daughter of 
John Baugh and Catharine Grumbacher and grand- 
daughter of Jacob Bach (Baugh) who came to Phila- 
delphia in ship Winter Galley September 5, 1738), 
children, John, named above, Daniel, married to 
Hannah Reinhart, Israel, married to Sarah Price and 
Jacob, married to Elizabeth Halderman ; son of Rev. 
Martin, of Urner Homestead, bom September 4, 
1725, died May 18, 1799, second Bishop of Coventry 
Brethren Church, (married Barbara Switzer, daugh- 
er of "Matheis Schweitzer," who came to Philadel- 
phia from Switzerland in ship Friendship, October 
16, 1727), children, Mary; married David Reinhart 
of Maryland, Martin, named above, Elizabeth, mar- 
ried Abraham Titlow, of Lancaster, Pa., and Rev. 
Jonas, married Hannah Reinhart, both of Maryland; 
son of Jacob, who with his wife Ann and three chil- 
dren, Martin, named above, Elizabeth, married to 
Jacob Frick and Hester, married to Ulrich Switzer, 
lived one mile northeast of Pottstown, died Septem- 
ber, 1744 ; son of Ulrich, who, about 1682, was driven 
by religious persecution from the Swiss canton, Uri, 
whose inhabitants are called "Urners," into Alsace, 
then a Province of France. From thence in 1708, he, 
with his three sons Jacob, named above, Hans and 
Martin, emigrated to Germantown, Pa. His son 
Martin, born 1695 in Alsace, France, died March 29, 
1755, (married Catharine Reist), children (Martin, 
married Elizabeth Edis, or Addis, Jacob, married 



Biographical Sketches. 157 

Barbara Light and Mary, married Andrew Wolff, 
who, in September 21, 1732, came to Philadelphia in 
ship Pink Plaisance); in 171 2, his name appears 
among the tax payers of Lancaster County, Pa., in 
1 718 he bought a tract of land of four hundred and 
fifty acres of the Penns, adjoining the present town 
of Pottstown, which became the Urner Homestead, 
November 7, 1724, he founded the Coventry Brethren 
Church, in Chester County, Pa., on part of his estate, 
was the first preacher and Bishop of the Church. 
Though the Germantown Brethren Church is ten 
months older, the Coventry Brethren Church is the 
real mother church of the Brethren Denomination in 
America, which now numbers one hundred thousand 
communicants. 

Mr. Urner has had two sons, John Rodolph, born 
August 21, 1861, graduate of Princeton, 1884, and 
Columbia Law College, 1886, counsellor-at-law. New 
York city ; and Louis Grubb, born October 10, 1854, 
died November 9, 1887, graduate of Williston Semi- 
nary, Mass., 1872, student at Brown University, 
1873-4- 



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KIRCHEN— MATRICUL : 

DER EVANGEUSCH LuTHERISCHEN GEMEINDE 

IN Neu Providenz, Pennsylvania. 

(Augustus Ev. Luth. Congregation, Trappe, Pa.) 

translated, collated and arranged by 

Julius Friedrich Sachse. 



For years it has been the cherished hope with 
many persons interested in our early history, that 
some systematic effort should be made for the preser- 
vation of the extant records of the various old con- 
gregations which date their existence from the early 
days of the Province. Further, that such records 
should be carefully deciphered, copied, and, if possi- 
ble, published. 

Upon the other hand, the utility of such an effort 
has been questioned, owing to the unavoidable ex- 
penditure of money, time and labor, necessarily in- 
volved in an undertaking of such magnitude. Then 
again it has been argued, that, at best, such records 



i6o The Pen7isylva7iia-Ge7'nian Society. 

are but dry reading, being mere lists of names and 
dates, records of persons in humble life, unknown to 
fame or history, and long since dead and forgotten, 
— an opinion shared by the ignorant and the large 
class of our population who know of no ancestry be- 
yond the preceding generation, and perhaps for ob- 
vious reasons prefer that the past be lost in oblivion. 

To the intelligent student and the person in whose 
veins courses the blood of some of our early pioneers, 
or of such as helped to wrest this great country from 
the grasp of the British crown, these pages are any- 
thing but uninteresting matter. To the genealogist, 
the historian, the antiquary and the student of the 
development of the various localities and of the State 
at large, records of this kind prove of inestimable 
value, and like the noted Rosetta stone serve to de- 
cipher enigmas that othenvise would remain more 
unintelligible than the Runic inscriptions of old. 

Frequently these lists contain information of in- 
terest to the present generation — scions of a sturdy 
race who came to these wilds, not for mere mercenary 
motives, but to found a home for themselves and 
posterity, and who at the same time never failed to 
erect here in the western wilderness the altar of their 
faith. This fact is proven by the existence of these 
very records, which also tell the story of the widely 
extended labors of the devout clergymen who min- 
istered here among the pioneers without stipend or 
pay. They also bear a glowing tribute to the industri- 
ous German yeomen, so far from their native environ- 
ment, and who almost without exception strove to 



The Trappe Records. i6i 

comply witli tlie ordinances, sacraments and require- 
ments of the various denominations to which they 
owed fealty. 

No public records will be of greater value to the his- 
torian a century hence than these same old sere and 
yellow, ofttimes musty, church registers. To future 
generations our transcripts will become the basis of 
their investigations, and their fervent thanks will 
without doubt be showered upon the memory of such 
as were instrumental in preserving the records while 
it was yet a possibility. 

No amount of time, labor or money expended in 
either their preservation or publication is misspent. 
This is a fact now well recognized in nearly all of 
the original thirteen States of the Union. Historical, 
genealogical and hereditary patriotic Societies have 
been formed, and vie with each other in fostering this 
and similar work — a laudable undertaking in which 
the Pennsylvania-German Society stands well to the 
front. 

Among the church registers thus far brought to 
public notice, non surpass in historic interest and 
value the one now presented in part (note — the re- 
maining part will appear in the next volume of our 
proceedings) to this society in the current volume of 
our proceedings. 

The Congregation forming the Evangelical Luth- 
eran Augustus Church at Trappe, New Providence 
Township, Montgomery County, is one of the oldest 
in Pennsylvania, dating back to the earliest years of 
the eighteenth century, for it was a part of the 



i62 The Pennsylvanm-Germa7i Society. 

identical congregation formed at the commencement 
of that age by Daniel Falkner and his brother Justus, 
in the tract still known as "Falkner Swamp" (note — 
for an extended account of the Falkner brothers and 
their ministrations, vide "The German Pietists of 
Provincial Pennsylvania." Philadelphia, 1895.) 

The earliest records known of the "Old Trappe" 
congregation is the register under discussion. It 
was commenced by Pastor Johann Caspar Stoever* 

*Pastor Johann Caspar Stoever the elder, was a relative of the cele- 
brated Count Diaconus Joh. Phil. Fresenius. He arrived in this country 
in the year September ii, 1728, and forthwith proceeded to minister to 
the various congregations and scattered Lutherans throughout the Prov- 
ince, organizing congregations administering the various ordinances of 
the Church, and commencing regular congregational registers. The 
earliest Lutheran records in Pennsylvania are all in the handwriting ot 
the two Stoevers, a fac-simile of the first entry in the Trappe register ap- 
pears in the above reprint. Pastor Stoever's career in Pennsylvania was 
one of ceaseless activity, and in the year 1732 after the arrival of Pastor 
Schultz in the Province, he transferred his labors to Virginia, where he 
ministered to the many Germans who had settled in the vicinity ot 
Spottsylvania, but for many years had lived without any spiritual guid- 
ance. After placing the congregation upon a firm basis, he went to 
Germany to solicit funds for church purposes, and during his sojourn in the 
fatherland, he published in 1737, a pamphlet setting forth the condition 
of the Gern an Lutherans in Virginia. A copy of this rare quarto is in 
the collection of the Historical Society of Pennsylvania. He died on 
board the vessel, on his attempted return to America. 

The presumption that it was the elder Stoever, who first ministered to 
the three congregations is based upon the fact that J. C. Stoever the 
younger, was not ordained until 1733. Nor is there any mention made 
in his personal records, as lately transcribed and published under the 
supervision of Rev. F J. F. Schantz, one of the Vice Presidents of the 
Pennsylvania-German Society, of the acts recorded in either of the 
earliest record books of the Providence (Trappe) or Philadelphia con- 
gregations. 

For further information about Rev. Johann Caspar Stoever, the 
younger, the reader is referred to Dr. Schantz's Pamphlet, and Hallische 
Nachrichten, new Ed. p. 563. 



The Trappe Records. 163 

in 1730, who served tlie congregation for several years. 
The entries of his time, however, are but few and ir- 
regular. They are followed by the orderly records of 
Pastor Heinrich Melchior Muhlenberg, usually 
known as the "Patriarch" of the Lutheran Church in 
America. 

Here in Providence was his home ; here his sons 
were born, who were destined to become such impor- 
tant factors in the formation of this great nation ; here, 
upon the pages of this old church register, are recorded 
the birth and baptism of Major General Peter Muhlen- 
berg of Revolutionary fame, whose marble statue 
graces the halls of the Capitol as one of the two 
greatest representative Pennsylvanians. Here also 
is found the record of Frederick Augustus Muhlen- 
berg, statesman, and Speaker of the first House of 
Representatives, and of Heinrich Ernst Muhlenberg, 
known far and wide as both scientist and theologian. 

Under the time-worn pages are also recorded many 
of the official acts of Pastor Muhlenberg, performed 
during his travels or temporary sojourn at distant 
places whither he went to organize new congrega- 
tions, or to extend the olive branch where differences 
existed. 

Here are to be found entries hitherto searched for in 
vain ; information as to residence and locality also 
frequently appears, as well as notes on the religious 
and mental condition of the postulants and chief 
characters. 

Unfortunately the "Matricul" is not nearly so 
complete as might be wished, though nominally 



164 The Pennsylvania-German Society. 

covering the period from 1729 to 1777: many data 
are lacking. Perhaps some of the missing Notitiae 
Parochiales may be recorded in the registers of some 
sister congregations, a fact that can only be estab- 
lished by a careful comparison with such others as 
are still within reach. Even this very book was 
missing for many years, and was located only after 
much trouble. The succeeding one, covering the 
years from 1777 to 1812, has thus far unfortunately 
failed to appear notwithstanding persistent search. 

In presenting these lists in the present concise 
shape the translator will say that neither pains nor 
care have been spared to make them reliable and 
complete. 




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The Trappe Records. 165 



THE AUGUSTUvS CHURCH. 
Early Efforts to Obtahi Peciuiiary Aid. 

The congregation forming the Evangelical Luth- 
eran Augustus Church at Trappe, New Providence 
Township, Montgomery County, is one of the oldest 
in Pennsylvania, dating back to the earliest years of 
the eighteenth century ; for it was a part of the iden- 
tical congregation formed at the commencement of 
that age by Daniel Falkner and his brother Justus, 
in the tract still known as "Falkner Swamp."* 

In the year 1733 while Rev. Johann Christian 
Schultzef ministered to the congregations at Philadel- 

*For an extended account of the Falkner brothers and their ministra- 
tions, vide "The German Pietists of Pennsylvania. Philadelphia, 1895." 

fPastor Johann Christian Schultz (Schulz) one of the earliest clergy- 
men to serve the Trappe congregation, was born June 11, 1701, at 
Schainbach, Oberamt Gerabronn, in the former Margravate of Anspach, 
Germany. He was the oldest son of Pastor Johann Valentin Schultz, the 
local incumbent and his wife Anna Julianna. He studied for tlie minis- 
try and arrived in America on the ship "Loyal Judith" September 25, 
1732, and almost immediately succeeded Pastor Stoever in the charge of 
the three congregations at Philadelphia, New Hanover and Providence. 
He did not remain long in America, but returned to Europe with two 
companions during the following year, with the avowed purpose of col- 
lecting funds for the three congregations in Pennsylvania. 

He seems to have abused the confidence reposed in him, and applied 
to his own uses the funds collected by him under the above quoted 
authority. So notorious and disgraceful did his conduct become, that at 
last he was arrested at Augsburg in March, 1736, and deprived of his 



1 66 The Pennsylvania- Germ an Society. 

phia, New Hanover and Providence, a joint effort was 
made by the three congregations, to collect funds at 
home and abroad, to obtain pastors, and erect sub- 
stantial churches and schoolhouses for the respective 
congregations. 

For this purpose Pastor Schultze with two laymen, 
Daniel Weisiger and Johan Daniel Schoner were 
sent to Europe to solicit the necessary means. Sub- 
scription books were provided them, containing an 
address to the benevolent, certified with a Latin en- 
dorsement by Hon. Patrick Gordon, Governor of the 
Province. 

Each of the three delegates was supplied with one 
of these books, as were also the respective congrega- 
tions in Pennsylvania. The " Providence " or 
" Trappe " book was still in possession of the congre- 
gation when Pastor Miihlenberg assumed charge in 
1743, and is now in the archives of the Lutheran 
Seminary at Mount Airy. 

This appeal to the faithful with the accompanying 
certificate of authority, on account of its quaintness 
and historic value, is here reproduced verbatim : 

credentials and license to collect momey He however seems to have 
secured his discharge and the return ot the "Collection Buch," as some 
months later he was again arrested, this time at Nuremberg, where the 
book was taken from him, and he was compelled to surrender the money- 
still in his possession, which amounted to 520 Gulden. In addition he 
was sentenced to a term of imprisonment, after which nothing whatever 
was heard of him. According to another 2iVA\\o-n\.y {Samviliuig auser- 
lasefier Materien ziim Ban des Reiches Gottes. xxiv p 973) Schultze 
eventually lost his eyesight and was thus prevented from returning to 
America. 



The Trappe Records. 167 

COLLECTEN-BUCH 

von denen drey 
Kvangelische-IvUtherischen Gemeinden 
zu 
Philadelphia, Neii Hanover und Providence Town- 
ship ; mitgegeben an den Hhrw. Herrn 

Johann Christian Schultzen, 
iind denen zweyen, ihme zugefiigten Reise Gefahr- 
ten, Daniel Weisiger und Johann Daniel Schoner, 
und unterzeichnet mit dem namen der Eldesten der 
obgesagten Gemeinen, wie auf der andere seite folget. 
Eldeste der Gemeinde zu Philadelphia : 

Johann Backer ;-Hannes George Heiger 
Eldeste der Gemeinde zu Neii Hanover 
Adam Herman ;-George Hollebach 
Eldeste der Gemeinde in Providence Township. 
Johann Niclaus Crossmann -Jacob Schrak. 



Kund und zu wissen sey jedermannlich dem sol- 
ches angehet, dass wir Endesunterschriebene sind 
iibereingekommen mit unseren Herrn Pfarrer Johann 
Christian Schultzen, und seiner ihm beigefugugten 
Reise Gefahrten Daniel Weisiger und Johann Daniel 
Schoner, dass sie zusammen den dritten Theil von 
alien zu erhebenden Collecten-Gelder vor ihre 
Zehung und Miihwaltung wie audi zu ersetzung 
aller ihre Reise Unkosten, welche sie von England, 
und wo sie die Vorsehung Gottes hinfiihren mogte, 
und von da wieder zuriick biss nach England thun 
miissen, fiir sich behalten soUen, und im Fall eines 
von ihnen wahrend der reise mit Tod abgehen sollte, 



1 68 The Pemisylvaiiia-German Society. 

soil das ihni liiemit zugestandene Antheil von dem 
dritten Tlieil der Collecten Gelder an seine Erben, 
die rechtmassig dazu befugt seyen treulich abgefol- 
get werden. 

Die Fraclit aber fiir obbenandte drey Personen, 
von bier biss nach England nnd von England wieder 
zuriick nacb Philadelphia soil von den iibrigen zwey 
Theilen der Collecten Gelder bezahlet werden. 
Geschen in Philadelphia den 
zweiten May, 1733. 

Johann Backer, 

Hannes George Heiger, 

Adam Herman, 

George Holleback, 

Johan Nickloss Grossman, 

Jacob Schrak. 



Kobey des mitgegebenen Batdents* von unss 
drey vorbemeldete Gemeinden ausgeworkt bey un- 
serem Kobernor,f pt : Gordon. 

Es ist Welt Kindig das seydem etlicher zwansig 
Jahren her viele protesdandische Familien, die in 
Deutzlant wegen ihrer religion verfolket oter son- 
sten von Kadollischer Oberrig Keit, sehr gedrangt, 
worden, nnd sich hir her, in diese provins von pensil- 
vania, in america, nnder die Krone von England 
gehorig, begeben, derer anzahl nummerro schon, auf 
etliche dausent, belaufent, von welchen die meisten 
von alien mitdeln entblosset, hier angekommen und 

*Letters patent. 
fGovernor Patrick Gordon. 



The Trappe Records. 169 

sich hin und her zerstreuet, iu der wiltniiss nieder 
gesetzt haben und folglich leiden, biss berro, one 
Kirche, und einen rechtmassigen ordinirten Pretiger, 
mitbin aucb onne bedingung [bedienung] der 
beiligen Sacramenten alss verrirede Schaife gewesen 
sint, biss es endlich der Guten allwissen Vorsebung 
gefallen, uns einen Dieners seynes Worts, nemlich 
den Bbrwd. Herrn Joban Cbristgan Scbultzen aus 
Scbumbacb, in der marg Grafscbaft, anspacb, gebirtig, 
welcber aucb nacb allem Vermogen gesucbet, uns 
durcb die predigt, des Gottlicben worts, und atminis- 
tirung der beilige Sacraments, auss der Finsterniss 
und unwiessenbeit, in welcber wir durcb er mang- 
lung dess licbts, des Efan Jeligo, und desselben reiner 
Lebre geraten, berauss zu reissen, und under 
anderen uns der Efan Jeliscben Lutberiscben 
religion zugedan, und an dreyen verscbiedenen 
orden, nemlicb zu Pbiladelfia, ney Hanover, und pro- 
vidence sicb befindente Ein woner, aufzuwecken, und 
uns in in den dreyen Gemeinten in unserm allerbei- 
ligsten Glauben, aufs neue zu verbinded, und zu 
Verfinisgen woulen nun zur Feststellung, des Gott 
esdienste, und Gliderortnung alls aucb zur Cbrist- 
licber auferziebung, der Jugent, Unumgenglicb 
notig ist, dass offentlicbe Kircben und Scbubl- 
bauser gebautb und die da zu genotigden Predi- 
ger, und Scbublmeister, geboriger niassen, besorget, 
und underbalten werten, wibr abernicbt im stante 
sint, dieses werk auf unsere Kosten auszufiren, 
dieweil wibr in Einem Eante wobnen da das 
Geld sebr rabr ist, und darin jeter genug, mit 



lyo The Pe7i7isylvania-German Society. 

sicli selbst zu dun hat, seyen unterhalt durcli seyner 
Hende arbeit, under Gottes segen zu erwerben, und 
aber bey underlassung, Einer so guten zu Gottes 
Ebrfen, und zur forth Pflanszung, und ausbreytung, 
der wahren Christlichen Religion, gerreichenden 
werckes aller verhoffte nutzen, ausbleiben worte, und 
nnsere Kinder, und nach Kommen entlich, gar zum 
Heytendum Verfallen machten, also sint wir ob be- 
melte drey Gemeinden, raths worteu diesen unseren 
gegenwartigen seelensorger Herrn Johan Christian 
Schultzen, nebst zwey im zugehgten reiss Geferten, 
Daniel Weisinger und Johann Daniel Schoner, zu 
andern unserer, Glaubens Genossen nach Englanth, 
Hollanth, und Deutzlanth, zusenden, damit sie 
unserre noth, und anliegen, an dieselben, ferner, 
weit mintlich mochten forstellen, und dieselben um 
der leibe Christi, willen ersuchen, uns derren Hilffe 
und beystant, durch eine mildiitige Coleckte, zor 
erbauung, derrer in diesem Lande so hoch be nothig- 
ten, Kirchen und Schulen, angedeyen zu lassen, zu 
welchen Ende wir Ein Kolecktenbuch mit unseren 
nameu gezeygnet, mit gegeben, darinnen die namen 
unserer wohldather aufzuzeugnen, und derer liebes- 
gaben, auch haben wihr unsern Herrn Gobennor 
Gebatten dieser unserer anzuchungsschreiben, mit 
dem sigel der Provins zu be Kraftigen, und dasselbige 
zu attestiren, wihr zweifeln nicht es werde ein jeder 
nach standes Gebir, zu welchem dieses gelangen 
machte, und dem die ausbreitung, und Vermehrung 
des reichs Christi, in diesen entfernden orten angele- 
gen ist, seinen Glauben, auch in der liebe datig seiu 



The Trappe Records. 171 

lassen, und sein scharflein, zor beforderrung, der Ehre 
Gottes und der Hfan Jelishen Lehre, mit willigem 
Hertzen ein Jeder nach seyiiem Ver Magen [vermo- 
gen] zu dieser Koleckte, initbeytragen, zumahlen da 
von die seeligkeit so fieler armen seelen dependirt, 
welche aus Mangel der mittel sich entweder zu 
anderen seckten, deren fihl in diesem lande sint, be- 
geben, oter gabr one einnigen Gottesdinst, in den 
dag bin nein leben misten. Nicbt allein wibr, son- 
dern aucb, unsere nacb Kommen, werden solcber, 
mit unterdanig und gebiirrendem Danckbarkeit 
erkennen, und Gott dem obersten Gaber alless guten, 
onne underlass anrufen, das er unserre Respective 
wohldathe mit allerley geistlicbem sagen in himmelis- 
chen Giitern reicblicb iberscbitden wolle, die wibr 
uns in derro mitleiden anbefeblet alle Zeit Verbarren. 
Unserer Nacbstandes Gebibr Hocb und woblgerugte 
Giinner pen Silvania. 

Underdanigst Ergebene Vorsteber und Eldeste 
obbemelten drey Gemeinden 

John Backer, 
Hans Gorg Heiger, 
Adam Herman, 
Gorg Hollebach, 
Johan Nickloss Krossman, 
Jacob Schrack. 
Patricius Gordon Armiger provincial pen Sylvanae 
in america praefectus omnibus ad quos bae pervene 
rint salutem, Hasce literas in bac provincia German- 
iae conscriptas mibi ostensas fuise a D. Jobanne 
CbristianoSchultz ministro Evangelico cuius curaenec 



172 



The Pennsylvania-German Society. 



non Johannis Danielis Schoener et Danielis Weisin- 
ger itineris Comitum sunt comniissae rogatus testor 
sigillo proviiisciali ininore affixe Datam Philadelphia 
primo die Maji Anno Dom. niille Simo Septingente 
Simo trigesimo tertio. 



P. Gordon. 



Ex mandatis Honorabilis praefecti proedicti 

RoG. Charles 

Seevetavius. 




[TRANSLATION ] 

Know all men whom it may concern, by these presents. — That we, the 
undersigned have come to an agreement with our Herr Pastor Johan 
Christian Schultz and his two travelling companions Daniel Weisiger 
and Johan Daniel Schoner, so that collectively they may retain one third 
part of all funds that may be collected, for their sustenance and labor, 
as well as to re-imburse them for the travelling incurred from England, 
to wherever the providence of God may lead them, and from thence 
back again to England. In case that one of them is removed during 
the journey by death. His share of this third part of the collected funds, 
shall be well and truly paid to his legal heirs. 

The passage money however to and from England for these three 
persons shall be paid out of the remaining two-third parts of the col- 
lected funds. 



Done in Philadelphia 

the second day of May, 1733. 



JoHAX Backer, 

Hannes George Heiger, 

Adam Herman, 

George Holleback, 

Johan Nickloss Ckossmann, 

Jacob Schrak. 



The Trappe Records. 173 

Copy of the enclosed patent, obtained by us for the three congrega- 
tions from our Governor Ptlc. Gordon. 

It is known to the world, that during the past twenty odd years, many 
protestant families, who in Germany were persecuted for their religion's 
sake, or were otherwise oppressed by the Catholic authorities, betook 
themselves here, to the province of Pennsylvania in America, subject to 
the crown of England. This number already amounts to many thou- 
sands, many of whom arrived here devoid of all means, and became 
scattered and separated, settled in the wilderness, and consequently 
suffered until now, without either church or any regular ordained min- 
ister, consequently without any administration of the Holy Sacraments. 
Like unto stray sheep, until it pleased good omniscient providence to 
relieve us through a servant of his word : viz. — the Rev. Herr Johan 
Christian Schultz from Schumbach jin the Margraviate Anspach, who 
also according to his full ability, sought by preaching the word of God, 
and administering the Holy Sacraments to lead us out of the darkness 
and ignorance, in which we had fallen, from want of the light of the 
Gospel, and its orthodox teachings, and to awaken us the residents who 
were favorable to the Evangelical Lutheran Doctrine at three different 
places ; viz : — Philadelphia, New Hanover and Providence, again unite 
us the three congregations in our holy faith, so that the necessary means 
may be provided for the maintaining of regular services, as well as for 
the christian education of the youth. That public churches and school- 
houses be built and the necessary pastors and schoolmasters be pro- 
cured and properly supported. 

This we are not able to do at our own expense, as we live in a country 
where money is scarce, and everj'one has enough to do, to support him- 
self with God's blessing by his own handiwork. A neglect of this work 
lor God's glory, and failure to introduce and extend the true christian 
faith, may cause our children and descendants eventually to revert to 
heathenism. 

Consequently, we, the three above named Congregations have decided 
to send our present curate Johan Christian Schultz together with two ot 
our number, Daniel Weisinger and Johan Daniel Schoner to our fellow 
christians in England, Holland and Germany, so that they may learn ol 
our necessity and desire. Further that they can by word of mouth pre- 
sent our dire situation, and entreat them for Christ's sake to grant us 
their aid and assistance, by liberal subscriptions, for the building in this 
country of the much needed churches and schools. 

For which purpose we have furnished them with subscription books, 
signed with our own names, so that the names of our benelactors may 
be recorded therein, with their charitable contributions. 



174 The Pennsylvania-German Society. 

We have also prayed our Governor, to certify this our solicitation with 
the seal of the province, and to attest the same. We doubt not but that 
every one, according to his standing, to whom these presents may ex- 
tend, and who is concerned for the extension and spreading of the king- 
dom of Christ in these far distant places, will show his faith and be 
charitable, and give his mite, for the advancement ol the Glory of God 
and the Evangelical truth, with a willing heart. — Everj- one according to 
his means, and contribute to this fund, especially as the salvation of so 
many poor souls depends thereon, who from :i lack of opportunity have 
betaken themselves to other sects, of whom there are many in this land, 
or else to abstain from all religious worship. 

Not alone we, but our successors, will with humble and proper thank- 
fulness acknowledge, and without intermission, pray to God the giver of 
all good and perfect gifts, that he may richly remunerate our respective 
benefactors with his diverse spiritual blessing of heavenly gifts. 

This shall be our constant prayer for the honorable patrons of Penn- 
sylvania. 

The humble and devoted Vorsteher and Eldeste of the above three 
Congregations. 

John Backer, 
Hans Goeg Heiger, 
Adam Herman, 
Georg Hollebach, 

JOHAN NiCKLOSS CrOESSMAN, 

Jacob Shrack. 

Patrick Gordon, Knight, Governor of the Province of Pennsylvania in 
America, unto all to whom these (presents) may come— Greeting.— 
Upon request I attest, with the lesser provincial Seal affixed, that this 
letter, composed in the German language, in this Province was shown 
to me by D(ominie) John Christian Schultz, Evangelical Minister, to 
whose care, and also to that of John Daniel Schoener, and Daniel Weis- 
inger, his travelling companions, the letter has been intrusted. 

Given at Philadelphia, on the first day of May, in the year of the Lord, 
one thousand seven hundred and thirty-three. 

P. Gordon. 

[L. S] 

By order of the Honorable Governor aforesaid. 

RoG. Charles 

Secretary. 



The Trappe Records. 175 

' AUGUSTUS CHURCH RECORDS. 
Fly Leaf — (a) 

A° 1745 Dom III post Kpiphanias habe ich Peter 
Brunnholz orderlich von dem Ev. hofprediger 
Ziegenhagen in London berufener, ordinirter 
und gesanter zweiter predyer der Evangeliscli : 
Lntlierisclien gemeinen in Philadelphia, Ger- 
mantown, New Providence und New Hannover 
und Collega dis Wohlehrb : H. Heinrich 
Melchior Muhlenberg's, meine auzugs Predicht 
iiber dass gewohnlig Sontags Evangelium in 
hiesiger Providencer gemeine gehalten. 

Fly Leaf. 

Schrack, Johannes Joseph, s. Johann Jacob 

and Eva Rosina; b. October 9, 171 2. 
" Philip, b. Jaunary 21, 1714. 
" Eva Barbara, dr. b. May i, 17 16. 

The above were baptised in Germany. 
" Maria, dr. b. Oct. 26, 1717, on the high sea ; 

bap. in Swedish Church in Philadelphia, 

Jan. 12, 1718. 
" Johann Jacob, s. b. April 8, 1724. 
" Catherina, dr. b. July 17, 1726. 
" Christian, s. b. October 4, 1727. 
" Elizabeth, dr. b. April 13, 1729. 
" Johann Nicolaus, s. b. June 23, 1730. 

The above named five children were all born 
and baptised in Pennsylvania. 



-1 







^- -5 










^ 







The Trappe Records. 177 

BIRTHS AND BAPTISMS. 

Verzeiclinis Derer getauften Kinder in der Evange- 

lischen-Lutherischen gemeinde in the 

Township of Providence. 

(Rev. Johann Caspar Stoever.) 

Marstaller, Amelia Elizabeth, dr. Johann Georg and Anna Margaretha : 

b. August 31, 1729; bap. March 8, 1730; 

sp. Amalia Elisabeth, Stevhan Hinrichs Hausfrau. 
" Johann Georg, 

b. June 14, 1731 ; bap. July 4, 1731 ; 

sp. Joh. Georg Krossmann Senior. 
" Anna Margaretha, 

b. Feb 9, 1733 ; bap. March i, 1733 ; 

sp. Ana Margaretha Marstellerin Senior. 
" Catherina, 

b. Feb. I 1735 ; bap. March 23, 1735 ; 

sp. Catherina Weberin. 
Seller, George Leonhardt, s Johann Georg and 

b. June 14, 1730 ; bap. July 12, 1730 ; 

sp. Georg Leonhardt Juckhardt and Anna Margaretha 

Wostin. 
Marstaller, Johann Heinrich, s. Friedrich and 

b. July 31, 1730 ; bap. August 31, 1730 ; 

sp. Joh. Heinrich Berghofer. 
" Anna Margaretha, 

b. Jan. 6, 1732 ; bap. Jan. 13, 1732 ; 

sp. Joh. Georg Marsteller and wife Anna Margaretha. 
" Joh. Daniel, 

b. F^b. 6, 1733 ; bap. Feb. 11, 1733 ; 

sp. Joh. Daniel Warlich. 
" Friedrich, 

b. August 5, 1734 ; bap. August 11, 1734 ; 

sp. Joh. Friedrich Weber. 
" Georg, 

b. May 24, 1736 ; bap. June i, 1736 ; 

sp. Johan Georg Crosman. 
" Valentine, 

b. Dec. 26, 1738 ; bap. Dec. 28, 1738 ; 

sp. Valentin Marchsteller. 



178 



The Pennsylvania-German Society. 



Marstaller, Philippus, 

b. Jan. I, 1742 ; bap. Jan. 6, 1742 ; 

sp. Philipp Cnissman. 
Krassmann, Antonius, s. Johannes and Catharina ; 

b. May 6, 1730 ; bap. June 27, 1730 ; 

sp. Antonius Heylmann. 
Crassmann, Johan Nickolaus, s. Johan- Georg and 

b. Sept. 17, 1730; bap. Oct. 4, 1730 ; 

sp Job. Nicolaus Grossman and wife Anna Maria. 
" Johannes, 

b. July 29, 1734; bap. August 11, 1734 ; 
Weidert, Anna Margaretha, dr. Johan Georg and 

b. March 19, 1730 ; bap. June 6, 1731 ; 

sp. Anna Catherina, wife of Christian MerckHng. 
*' Joh. Georg, 

b. April 23, 1734 ; bap. June 4, i734 ; 

sp. Joh. Morgenstern, Joh. Georg Kuntz and wife. 
Weber, Georg, s Friederick and 

b. April 4, 1731 ; bap. April 8, 1731 ; 

sp. Joh. Georg Marstaller. 
" Friederich, 

b. Jan 24, 1734; bap Feb. 10, 1734; 

sp. Friedrich -Marsteller. 
MerckHng, Johann Caspar, s. Christian and 

b. Sep. 16, 1730; bap. Oct. 10, 1730; 



Kiihler, 



Heim, 



sp. Johann Caspar Stover Evangelisch-Lutherischer Pfarrherr. 

Joh. Heinrich, s Valentin and 

b. Feb. 1731 ; bap. Oct. 24, 1731 ; 
sp. Sebastian Miiller and wife. 
Joh. Christian, s. Wilhelm ; 

b. Oct. I, 1731 ; bap 

sp. Joh Caspar Schunk. 

Joh. Caspar, 

b. May 17, 1734 ; bap. 



sp.Joh Caspar Schunk. 

Ramsauer, Johannes, s. Dietrich and 

b. May 29, 1728 ; bap. by Pfarrer Hinkel ; 
sp. Johannes Buhler and wife Anna Marria. 
" Kadarina, 

b. March 31, 1742 ; bap. by Pfar. Muhlenberg, May 7, 174 — 
sp. Anna Margerta, Henrich Ramsaugers wife. 



The Trappe Records. 179 



Ramsauger, Jacob, s. Job. Dieterich and 

b. Feb. II, 1731 ; bap. July 17, 

sp. Job. Jacob Miiller and his wife Anna Maria Apolonia. 
" Davit, 

b. Sep. 23, 1733 ; bap. by Rev. Muhlenberg 

sp. the lather. 
" Johan Heinrich, 

b. July 9, 1736 ; bap. by Rev. Muhlenberg 

sp. the father. 
" Anna Marria, 

b. Jan. 7, 1738 ; bap. by Rev. Muhlenberg 

sp. the parents. 
Josis, Joh. Friederich, s. Job. Martin and 

b. July 26, 1731 ; bap August, 1731 ; 

sp. Johannes Morgenstern and wife. 
Setzler, Anna Johanna, dr. Johanna Philipp ; 

b. Jan. 10, 1731 ; bap. Jan. — , 1731 ; 

sp. Johann Martin Josis "and wife Anna Johanna. 
Berton, Elisabeth, dr. Johannes and 

b. May 10, 1730 ; bap. 

sp. Andreas Paul and wife. 
Paul, Abraham, s. Andreas and 

b. July 28, 1730 ; bap. 



sp. Abraham Paul and wife. 
Christmann, Elizabeth, dr Daniel 



b. . 1733 ; bap Jan 4, 1734 ; 

sp. Heinrich Huber and wife. 
Franck, Sebastian, s. Johann Phillipp and 

b. March 23, 1735 ; bap. March 23, 1735 ; 

sp Sebastian Miller. 
" Johann Jacob, 

b. 1742 ; bap. Oct 17, 1742 ; 

sp. Jacob Nuss. 
Bender, Joh. Adam, s. Joh. Georg ; 

b. 173— ; bap. Jan. 4, 1734 ; 

sp. Heinrich Hubers wife. 
Blasser, Juliana Catherina Margaretha, dr. Christian and 

b. 173— ; bap. Jan. 20, 1734 ; 

sp. Joh. Georg Kuntz, Juliana Catherina Morgensternin and 

Anna Margaretha Gerhardtin. 
Kolmar, Magdalena, dr. Daniel and 

b. March — , 1733 ; bap. August 14, 1733 ; 

sp. Friederich Marstellers wife Barbara. 



i8o The Pennsylvania-German Society. 

Bemhausel, Susanna Catherina, dr. Valentin, 

b. May 22, 1733 ; bap. 1733 ; 

sp. Andreas Bayer and wife Susanna. 
Morgenstern, Ana Juliana Elisabeth, dr. Johannes and 

b. July 2, 1733 ; bap. Sept. 15, 1733 ; 

sp. Joh. Georg Kuntz, Anna Juliana Ungefehrin and Maria 

Barbara Weickertin. 
Lisser, Abraham, s. Johannes and 

b. Dec II, 1732 ; bap. Feb. i, 1733 ; 

sp. the parents. 
Froschan, Johannes, s. Joh. Georg, and 

b. Dec. 16, 1732 ; bap. Feb. 1733 ; 

sp. Johannes Morgenstern and wife. 
Rauif, Maria Agatha, dr. Daniel and 

b. March 6, 1731 ; bap. April— 1733 ; 

sp. johann Georg, Crossmann's wife Maria Agatha. 
" Johannes, 

b. Feb x6, 1733 ; bap. August,— 1733 ; 

sp. Johannes Viepl (?) 
Frey, Maria Margaretha, dr. Johannes and 

b. 26, 1734 ; bap. May 21, 1734 ; 

sp. Heinrich Schniibele and wife Appolonia. 
Engelardt, Anna Catherina, dr. Christoph and 

b. , 1735 ; bap. June 4, i735 ; 

sp. Valentin Perstel (?) and Anna Catherina Schmidtin. 
Miiller, Anna Maria Appolonia, dr Sebastian and 

b. March 14, 1734 ; bap. May 23, 1734 ; 

sp. Jacob Miiller and wile Anna Maria Appolonia. 
Amborn, Anna Margaretha, dr. Christoph and 

b. 2, 1735 ; bap. March 23, 1735 ; 

sp. Joh. Georg Klaner and wife Anna Margaretha. 
Sanger, Joh. Christian, s Johannes and 

b. 20, 173—; bap Dec. 1734; 

sp.Joh. Christian Schmidt. 
Krebs, Christina Margaretha, dr. Heinrich and 

b. August, 173—; bap. April 20, 1735 ; 

sp. Eva Maria Sebastianin. 
Gerhardt, Joh. Georg, s, Martin and 

b. August, 173— ; bap. August 12, 1733 ; 

sp. Joh. Georg Kuntz and wife. 
Gebert, Johannes, s. Michael and 

b. Nov. — 173— ; bap. Jan. 10, 1735 ; 

sp. Joh. Martin Heylmann, Christoph Engelardt. 



The Trappe Records. i8i 



Geelwichs, Joh. Friedrich, s. Friedrich and 

b. Nov. I, 1733 ; bap. Feb. 10, 1734 ; 

sp. Friederich Weber and wife Catherina. 
Carl, Elisabeth, dr. Jacob and 

b. Jan. 28, 1735 ; bap. April 19, i735 ; 

sp. Melcliior and wife Elisabeth. 
Haass, Anna Maria, dr Cunradt and Barbara ; 

b. Feb. I, 1734; bap. Feb. 10, 1734; 

sp. Heinrich Michael and wife Anna Maria. 
" Conrad, 

b. Oct. TO, 1742 ; bap. Nov. 9, 1742 ; 

sp. parents. 
Steinbach, Joh. Michael, s. Christian and 

b. Feb. 10, 1734 ; bap. April 14, 1734 ; 

sp. Michael Baumgartner. 
Fuhrmann, Cunradt, s. Andreas and 

b. April 26, 1730 ; bap. Sept. 26, 1731 ; 

sp. Cunradt Berghofer and wife. 
Rastior, Maria Appolonia, dr. Cunradt and 

b. March 9. 1735 ; bap March 23, 1735 ; 

sp. Heinrich Schnilbele and wile Maria Appolonia. 
(By Rev. Johann Eneberg or Rev. Gabkiel Falk.) 

Gebert, Michael, s. Michael and Anna Sabina, 

b. Nov. 23, 1735 ; bap. Nov. 29, 1735 ; 

sp. Martin Heylmann, Christoph Engelardt. 
Sprecher, Johann Jacob, s. Christoph and Ernestina ; 

b. Dec. 27, 1735 ; bap. April 11, 1736. 

sp. Catherina Schweitzerin, Catherina Schmidtin. 
Schnebeli, Elisabeth, dr. Heinrich and Maria Appollonia ; 

b. Jan. 16, 1736 ; bap. April 11, 1736 ; 

sp. Edward Niclaus and wife Elisabeth. 
Heilmann, Johannes Baltes, s. Johannes and Magdalena ; 

b. March 21, 1736; bap. April 11, 1736 ; 

sp. Johann Georg Riser, Maria Sybella VVeinbergerin. 
Marchstaller, (Marsteller) Vallentin, s. Freidrich and Barbara ; 

b. Dec. 26, 1738; bap. Dec. 28, 173S ; 

sp. Christian Borgen in place of Vallentin Marchsteller. 
(By Rev Johann Dylander.) 
Warlich, Daniel, s. Daniel and Maria Margaretha ; 

b. Sept. 13, 1738 ; bap. i739 ; 

sp. Fredrich Marchsteller, his son Daniel and Anna Barbara 

Marsteller. 



1 82 The Pennsylvania-German Society. 

Schrack, Jacob, s. Philip and Maria ; 

b. Nov. 29, 1740; bap. Dec. 11, 1740; 

sp. Jacob Schrack and wife Eva Rosina. 
Haas, Johan Valentin, s. Henrich and Anna Elisabeth ; 

b. Sept. 6, 1740 ; bap. Dec. 9, 

sp. Valentin Steinmetz, Hieronymus Haas. 
" Johann Henrich, 

b. Nov. 7, 1741 ; bap. Nov. 11, 1741 ; 

sp. Balthaser Silhlor. 

(By Valentin Kkaft.) 
Eschenfelder, Johann Thomas, s. Philips Jacob and Anna Margaretha ; 

b. Sept. 14, 1742 ; bap. Oct. 3, 1742 ; 

sp. Thomas Schneider and wife Anna Maria. 
Krassmann, Johannis, s. Johann Georg, the saddler, and Anna Margretha; 

b. Sept 26, 1742 ; bap. Oct. 13, 1742 ; 

sp. Johannes Schnauber. 
" s. 

b. April 3, 1744 ; bap. April 15, 1744 ; 

sp. Johann Valles. (?) 
Hohwarter, Johan Adam, s. Valentine and Anna Christina ; 

b. Sept. 3, 1742 ; bap. Oct. 3, 1742 ; 

sp. Johan Adam Kunzel, Ana Dorothea Widrigin. 
Schonhauser, Catharina, dr. Johannes and Elisabeth ; 

b. August 16, 1742 ; bap. Oct. 3, 1742 ; 

sp. Johann Wendel Ernst and wife Catharina. 
Herlemann, Johann Conrad, s. Sebastian and Maria Magdalena ; 

b. Sept 29, 1742 ; bap. Oct. 17, 1742 ; 

sp. Johann Conrad Schrimer and wife Anna Maria. 
Drautel, Maria Elisabeth, dr. Michael and Elisabeth ; 

b. Oct. 6, 1742 ; bap. Oct. 17, 1742 ; 

sp. Johan Nicolas Crilssman and wife Anna Maria. 
Beck, Elisabeth, dr. Jacob and Katarina ; 

b. Nov. 12, 1742 ; bap. May 2, 1743 ; 

sp. Anna Markreda Breninger. 
Brunn, Anna Catharine, dr. Peter and Elisabeth Catharina ; 

b. Oct. 27, 1742 ; bap. Nov. 9, 1742 ; 

sp. Jacob Moltz and wife Anna Catherina. 
Heiltnann, Antonius, (?) s. Johannes and Anna Maria ; 

b. Sept. 25, 1737 ; bap. Oct. 11, 1737 ; 

sp. Antonius Heilmann and wife Marri Salmen. 
" Anna Katarina, 

b. August 7, 1739 ; bap. Aug. 31, 1739 ; 

sp. Johannes Crossman and wife Anna Katarina. 



The Trappe Records. 183 

Heilmann, Marri Salmm, 

b. Feb. 23, 1741 ; bap. March 15. 1741 ; 

sp. Andon Heilman and wife Marri Salmm. 
'* Johannes, 

b. Sept 27, 1742 ; bap. Jan. 6, 1743 ; 

sp. Frithrig Mahrsteller and wife Anna Barbara. 
" Lisa Margreda, 

b. Jan. 24, 1744; bap. Feb. 4, 1744 ; 

sp. Andon Heilmann and wife Marri Salm. 



1 84 



The Pennsvlva7iia-German Society. 




The Trappe Records. 185 

(Pastor Heinrich Melchior Muhlenberg.) 

Den 12 ten December 1742, bin ich Hein- 
rich Melchior Muhlenberg als berufener, 
und Verordentner Prediger hier ans amt 
getroten und habe die aufangs Predigt uber 
das Evangelium Matth XI als am III ad- 
vents Sontage vor der hiesigen gemeine 
gethan. 



Heilmann, Anthonius, s. Heinrich and Anna Maria ; 

b. Nov. 8, 1742 ; bap. in presence of congregation, Dec. 19; 

sp. Anthoni Heilman. 
" Heinrich, 

b. March 24, 1745 ; bap. April 14, 1745 ; 

sp. Anthonius Heilmann. 
Doringer, Anna Sarah, dr. Johan Adam and Anna Catherine ; 

age 10 weeks on Jan. 13 ; bap. Jan. 16, 1743 ; 

sp. the mother, the father is Reformed religion. 
Miiller, Johan Petter, s. Petter and Lisa Kada ; 

b. March 6, 1743 ; bap. March 28, 1743 ; 

sp. Johan Petter Spitz andjwife. 
" Johan Jacob, 

b. Sept II, 1744; bap. Dec. 26, 1744 ; 

sp. Jacob Koch and wife. 
Nol, Johan Jacob, s. Michel and 

b. Sept. 20, 1742 ; bap. March 28, 1743 ; 

sp. Jacob Spritzer. 
Weyant, Johann Petter, s. Johan Gorg and Katarina ; 

b. March 9, 1743 ; bap. March 10, 1743 ; 

sp. Johann Petter Spitz and wife Lisa Kada. 
Hardestein, Jo. Hannes, s. Luthwig and Catarina ; 

b. August 22, 1743 ; bap. Sept. 4, 1743 ; 

sp. Balzer Sailer. 
Haas, Johan Gorg, s. Henrig and Anna Lisabetta ; 

b. August 6, 1743 ; bap. Sept. 4, 1743 ; 

sp. Jo. Han Gorg Bassel. 
" Elisabeth Margretha, 

b. April 3, 1745 ; bap. April 14, 1745 ; 

sp. Elisabeth Margretha Kristlerin. 



i86 



The Pennsylvania-German Society. 



Ernst, Johan Nes, (Johannes) s. Johan Wendel and Anna Katarina ; 

b. and bap. Sept. 25, 1743; 

sp. parents. 
Heilman, Eslissabetda, (Elisabeth) dr. Johan Michel and Anna Maria ; 

b. Dec. 3, 1742 ; bap. April 21, 1743 ; 

sp. Johan Wendel Ernst and wife Anna Katarina. 
Gebel, William, 
" Abraham, 

" Susanna, 

adult children of Richard and 

baptized anno 1743. 
Klobbinger, Johannes, s. Johann Jorg and Anna Margretda ; 

b. August I, 1743 ; bap. August 12 ; 

sp. Johannes Hallman. 

Which child was the first baptised in our church. 
Wolfskehl, Annar Ginna (Anna Regina) dr. Johannes and Anna Maria ; 

b. Dec. II, 1743 ; bap. Jan 14, i744 ; 

sp. Henrich Hiiber and his dr. Anna Regina. 
Becker, Lisa Barbara, (Elisabeth Barbara) dr. Petter and Marrilisabette 

b. May 2, 1743 ; bap. May 22 ; 

sp. Gorg Guth and wife Lisabarbara. 
Birgen, Anna Marria, dr. Christoft and Margreda ; 

b. Jan. 8 ; bap. Feb. 14, 1744 ; 

sp. Henrig Heilman and wife Anna INIarria- 
Eberle, Maria Catharina, dr. Johannes and Margretha ; 

b. Jan. 13, 1743 ; bap. Dom. 17 post Trinitatis ; 

sp. parents. 
Reutter, Margreda, dr. Johann and Margreda ; 

b. Sept. 8, 1743; bap. Feb. 14, i744 ; 

sp. Johannes Braun and wife Katarina. 
Stahl, Johannes, s. Kasber and Christdiena ; 

b. Oct. 1743 ; bap Feb. 6, 1744 ; 

sp. Johannes Schrack. 
Gross, (?) s. Karl and Marri Katda ; 

b. Jan 18 ; bap. Feb. 20, 1744 ; 

sp. Vallendin Nungester. 
Hutzol, Kadarina. dr. Luthwig and Hanna ; 

b. Feb. 23, bap. March 4, 1744 ; 

sp. Johannes Withman and wife Katarina. 
Guth, Plipp (Phillip) s. Gcirg and Lisabarbara ; 

b Oct. 23, 1743 ; bap. Jan. 14, 1744 ; 

sp. Phillip Guth 



The Trappe Records. 



187 



Schrack, Heinrich, s. Phillip and Maria ; 

b. Feb. 5, 1744 ; bapt. March 5, 1744 ; (Rev. H. M. Muhlen- 
berg.) 

sp. father and grandmother widow Eva Rosina Schrackm. 
" Jacob, s. Phillip and Maria; 

b. Nov. 29, 1740 ; bap. Dec. 11, 1740, by Rev. Dylander. 
sp. grandparents Jacob and Eva Rosina Schrack. 
" Johannes, s. Phillip and Maria ; 

b. May 31, 1742 ; bap. June 27, by Rev. William Currie, of 
Radnor Mission. 

sp. Phillip Schrack and widow Eva Rosina. 
Hofer, Anna Margretta, dr. of Peter and Elizabeth ; 

b. March 20, 1744 ; bap. April 7, 1744 ; 
sp. wife of Johann Adam Benters. 
Hambrecht, Anna Maria, dr. Johannes and Elizabeth ; 
b. Feb. 13, 1744 ; bap. March 15, 1744 ; 
sp. Christian and Anna Maria Schneider. 
[Baptized beyond the Schnylkill.'\ 

Schunk, Franz, s. of Franz and 

b. Dec. 13, 1743 ; bap. May, 1744 ; 
sp. father and mother. 
Schwaller, Dorothea Elizabeth, dr. Johannes and Margretha ; 
b. Nov. 4, 1743 ; bap. May, 1744 ; 
sp. Carl Kramb and wife. 

Heilman, Johann Peter, s. Johannes and 

b. April 1744 ; bap. May, 1744 ; 
sp. parents. 

Stein, Johann Adam, s. Johan Adam and 

b. March, 1744 ; bap. May, 1744 ; 
sp. Johann Adam Moses. 

Hodderling, Anna Elisabeth, dr. Wilhelm and 

b. Jan. I, 1744 ; bap. May, 1744 ; 
sp. Heinrich Miiller. 

Denys, Johann Phillip, s. Michael and 

b. April, 1744 ; bap. May, 1744 ; 
sp. parents. 

Noll, Johann Carl, s. Michael and 

b. April, 1744 ; bap. May, 1744 ; 
sp. parents. 
(The above seven children all baptized on the same day.) 
Wagner, Elizabetha, dr. Bastian and Sybilla ; 

b. April II, 1744 ; bap August i, 1744; 



i88 



TJie Pnmsylvania-Gey^nan Society. 



Witman, Catherina Elisabeth, dr. Johannes and Catherina ; 

b. August 20, 1744 ; bap. Aug. 24, 1744 ; 

sp. Phillip Reinhardt's wife. 
Fuchs, Elisabetha Catharina, dr. Mathias and Anna Magdalena : 

b. Nov. I, 1744; bap. Nov. 11, 1744; 

sp. Paul Bauer and wife Elisabeth Catharina. 
Buhl, Maria Dorothea, dr. Peter and 

b. Nov. 5, 1744 ; bap. Nov. 20, 1744 ; 

sp. Johannes and Maria Dorothea Heiser. 
Essig, Anna Maria, dr. of Wilhelm and Anna Appollonia ; 

b. Sept. 2, 1744 ; bap. Sept. 29, 1744; 

sp. Johannes Wolfskehl and wife Anna. 
Christ, Maria Barbara, dr. Ulrich and 

b. Sept. 18, 1744 ; bap. Sept. 29, 1744 ; 

sp. Friedrich Marsteller and wife Anna Barbara and Maria 

Juliana Easier. 
Brunner, Anna Barbara, dr. Paul and Gertraut ; 

b. August 18, 1744 ; bap. October 18, 1744 ; 

sp. Friedrich Marsteller and wife Anna Barbara. 
Simon, Jurg- Benjamin, s. of Johann and Maria Magdalena; 

b. August 6, 1744 ; bap. Oct. 18, 1744 ; 

sp. Johann Jiirg. Croesman and wife. 
Heinrichs, Johann Bernhard, s. Johann and Magdalena ; 

b. Sept. 25, 1744; bap. Oct. 18, i744; 

sp. Johann Bernhard Kepner and wife. 
Heiter, Johann Wilhelm, s. Melchior and 

b. May 16, 1744 ; bap. Oct. 30, 1744 ; 

sp. Johann Wilhelm Hodderling and wife. 
Rohrbach, Johann Christian, s. Christian and 

b. Sep. 14, 1744 ; bap. Oct. 30, 1744. 
Marsteller, Anna Elisabeth, dr. Peter and 

b. Sept. 22, 1744; bap. Oct. 30, 1744; 

sp. Andreas Heckman and wife Anna Christiana. 
Mosis, Anna Catharina, dr. Adam and Maria Catharina ; 

b. Nov. — 1744 ; bap Dec. 6, 1744 ; 

sp. Adam Stahn and wife Annie Catharina. 
Banter, Susannah Margretha, dr. Peter and Elisabeth ; 

b, Oct. 22, 1744 ; bap. Nov. 22, 1744 ; 

sp. Johann Nicolas Schwing and Susannah Margretha Molsin. 
Drury, Mary, dr. Edward and Sarah ; 

b. Sept. 19, 1748; bap. Oct. 20, 1748; 

sp. Mr. William Maugridge- 



The Trappe Records. 



189 



Drury, William, s. Edward and Sarah ; 

b. July 24, 1750; bap. Nov. 7, 1750; 

Godfather, Mr. William Maugridge. 
" John, s. Edward and Sara ; 

b. Jan. 3, 1756 ; bap. Jan. 14, 1756 ; 

Godfather and mother William Maugridge and his espouse. 
" Edward, s. of Edward and Sarah ; 

b. May 13. 1758 ; bap. August 21, 1758 ; 

Godfather and mother, William Maugridge, Esq., and his 

espouse. 
The above four baptisms were administered in Berks County. 
Koster, Nicolaus, (adult) bap. Feb. 12, 1745, in New Providence. 

Witness his wife, mother-in-law, Anna Elisabeth Hoppin, 

and wife's sister Johanna Christina Hoppin. 
" Christian, s. Nicolaus and Susannah Margretha ; 

b. August 21, 1734. 
" Johannes, s. Nicolaus and Susannah Margretha ; 

b. July 18, 1736. 
" Elisabeth, dr. Nicolaus and Susannah Margretha ; 

b. August 20, 1739. 
'' George, s. Nicolaus and Susannah Margretha ; 

b. August 21, 1741. 
" Samuel, s. Nicholaus and Susannah Margretha; 

b. Nov. 27, 1744. 
" Paulus, s. Nicolaus and Susaimah Margretha ; 

b. Sept. 7, 1746 ; bap. Oct. 17, 1746. 

sp. same as above. 
" Susannah, dr. Nicolaus and Susannah INIargretha ; 

b. Dec. 2, 1749 ; bap. Feb. 4, 1750 ; 

sp. Anna Elisabeth Hoppin and widow Spriigelin. 
" Emanuel, s. Nicolaus and Susannah Margretha ; 

b. Sept. 29, 1754; bap. Oct. 28. 1754; 

sp. parents and grandmother Hoppin. 
Vogel, Johannes, s. Johann and Margretha ; 

b. March 31, 1745 ; bap. April 14, 1745 ; 

sp. Johann Heinrich and wife Magdalena. 
Seidel, Anna Elisabeth, dr. Johan Nicolaus and Barbara ; 

b. April 14, 1745; bap. May 19, 1745, Dom. Rogate ; 

sp. Antoni Geiger and Anna Elisabeth Seidel. 
Geres, Elisabeth, dr. Carl and Anna Catharina ; 

b. April 26, 1745 ; bap. Dom Rogate May 19, 1745 ; 

sp. the parents. 



190 The Pennsylvania-German Society. 

Haub, Anna Sophia, dr. Nicolas and Ma^dalena Margretha ; 

bap. June 2, 1745 ; 

sp. Heinrich Kind and wife Anna Sophia. 
Kleppinger, Johann Jurg, s Johann Jiirg and Anna Margretha, of North 

Wales township ; 

bap. June 2, 1745, then 7 weeks old. 

sp. Johann Jiirg Grossman and wife Barbara. 
Mund, Anna Margretha, dr. Andreas Mund and Elizabeth Catharina 

Haberman ; 

b. March 7, bap. June 2, 1745 ; 

sp. Jiirg Kleppinger and wife Anna Margretha. 
Heinrich, Maria Barbara, dr. George and 

bap. April 16, 1745, age 5 weeks ; 

sp. Wettrich's daughter. 
Knauer, Maria Gatherina, dr. Ghristoph and 

bap. April 16, 1745, age 4 months ; 

sp. Johan Frolig and wife. 
Sprug, Johan Adam, s. Andreas and 

bap. May 12, 1745, age 22 weeks. 

sp. Adam Gerber. 
Schmidt, Johann Jacob, s. Friedrich and Anna Maria ; 

bap. June 3, 1745, age 8 weeks ; 

sp. Phillip Jacob Eschenfeldt. (Reformed.) 
The above four persons were baptized by the schoolmaster or 

helper. 

Maria, wife of the Feld Scherer in Maietcha, aged — 8 years. 

Andreas, a youth from Matetcha, 22 years. 

Ghristian, a youth 20 years old, his brother. 

The above mother with her two children, were baptized publicly 

before the congregation on June 16, Dom. i post Trinitatis 

1745- 
Hambrecht, Margeretha, dr. Johannes and Elisabetha ; 

b. May 30, 1745 ; bap. July 28, 1745 ; 

sp. Margretha Bittelsin, Nicolaus Bittles dr 
Hartenstein, Johann Jacob, s. Ludewig and Gatherina ; 

b August 21 ; bap. Sept. 15, 1745 ; 

sp. Johann Peter Miihlhern and dr. Maria Elisabeth. 
Pawling, Johannes, 
" Jacob, 

" Thomas, 

bap. Oct. 6, 1745, on the day of the dedication of the church. 

They were three negro slaves of Mr. Pawling sent for the oc- 
casion, sp. Pastors Brunholtz, Wagner, Newberger. 



The Trappe Records. 



191 



Noll, Johannes, s. Michael and 

b. March 2, 1745 ; bap. Aug. 15 ; 

sp parents. 
Heilmann, Johannes, s. Jurg Adam and Elisabeth ; 

b. July 2, 1745 ; bap. August 15 ; 

sp. Wendel Ernst. 
Schonfolzer, Johannes and 

b. July II ; bap. Nov. 30, 1745 ; 

sp. Johannes Carl and wife. 
Heiter, Elisabeth, dr. Melchior and 

b. Sept. 27 ; bap. Dec. 3, 1745 ; 

sp. Wilhelm Hedderling and wife. 
Meyer, Jacob, s. Johan and Chronica (Reformed) 

b July 22 ; bap. Nov. 21, 1745 ; 

sp. Joh. Jurg. Kleppinger and wife Anna Margaretha. 
Schnall, Anna Marcreta, dr. Nicolas and Maria ; 

b. Sept. 27 ; bap. Nov. 21, 1745 ; 

sp. Joh. Jurg. Kleppinger and Anna Margaretha. 
Specker, Joh. Peter, s. Joh. Peter and Maria Margareta ; 

b. Oct. 24 ; bap. Nov. 21, 1745 ; 

sp. Joh. Seydel and parents. 
Eberhard, Johann George, s. Paul and Margaretha, (both Reformed.) 

b. Sept. 29 ; bap. Oct. 29, 1745 ; 

sp. Jurg Kroserman and wife Margaretha. 
Stahl, Anna Margaretha, dr. Caspar and wife ; 

b. Jan. 7, 1746 ; bap. Jan. 19 ; 

sp. Heinrich Ramsauer's wife Anna Margaretha. 
Heckman, Anna Maria, dr. Andreas and Christina ; 

b. July 26, 1745 ; bap. March 7, 1746 ; 

sp. Simon Schenck and wife Magdal. 
Whitman, Plilip Balthaser, s. Johannes and Catharina ; 

b. March 8 ; bap March 31, 1746 ; 

sp. Balthaser Croesman and Felicitas. 
Moses, Johan Jacob, s. Johan Adam and Catharina ; 

b. Jan. 22 ; bap. Feb. 19, 1746 ; 

sp Johan Jacob Kittelmann 
Biihl, Heinrich, s. Peter and Elisabeth ; 

b. March 16; bap. March 31, 1746; 

sp. Heinrich Haas and wife Anna Elisabeth. 
Siihler, Rahel, dr. Abraham and Elisabeth ; 

b. Jan. 20 ; bap. May 2, 1746 ; 

sp. parents. 



192 The Pennsylvania-German Society. 

Stein, Johan Jacob, s. Johan Adam and wife ; 

b. March 29 ; bap. May 12, 1746 ; 

sp. Job. Jacob Kittelmann. 
Heilmann, Job. Stepha- us, s. Johannes and Elisabeth ; 

b. April 15 ; bap. May 12, 1746 ; 

sp. father. 
Lack, Catherina Elisabeth, dr. Abraham and wife ; 

b. April 14 ; bap. May 12, 1746 ; 

sp. Maria Elisabeth Saiierin and Catherina Marcreta Rau- 
feldin. 
Lower, Johann Jacob, s. Piilip and Anna Marcreta, (she is Reformed.) 

b. April 23; bap. May 18, 1746; 

sp. Joh. Jacob Griif and wife Anna Margareta. 
Nungaster, Johannes, s. Valendin and Elisabeth Catharina ; 

b. April 24 ; bap. May 30, 1746; 

sp. Reiber and wife Maria. 
Miiller, Maria Catharina, dr. Peter and Elisabeth Catharina ; 

b May 26 ; bap. June 28, 1746 ; 

sp. Johann Friedrich Croesman, Jurg Croesmann's son, and 

Maria Catharina Setzlerin, Philip Setzler's daughter. 
Missinger, Johan Balthaser, s. Johan Ludewig and Catharina ; 

b. April 28; bap. May. 27, 1746 ; 

sp. Balthaser Sahler and wife. 
Bof, Johan Michael, s. Conrad and Maria Magdalena ; 

bap. July 6, 1746, aged 6 months ; 

sp. Michael Gebhard and wife. 
Schopf, Anna Catharina, dr. Jacob and Anna Catharina ; 

bap. July 14, 1746, aged 14 months ; 

sp. Michael Gebhart and wife. 
Croesmann, Johann Jacob, s. Johann Georg and Anna Eva ; 

b. June 28 ; bap. August 10, 1746, at Indian Field ; 

sp. Johan Jacob Schrack. 
Sherer, Gertraut, dr. Valentin and Maria ; 

b. July 23 ; bap. August 17, 1746; 

sp. parents. 
Amborn, Anna Maria, dr. Christoph and Susannah ; 

b. March 16 ; bap. Sept 2, 1746 ; 

sp. Melchior Heiter and wife Anna Maria. 
Rieser, Michael, s. Friedrich and Catharina ; 

b. August 8 ; bap Sept. 2, 1746. 
Heilmann, Maria Margretha, dr. Michael and Maria ; 

b. August 9 ; bap. Sept. 2, 1746 ; 

sp. Melchior Heiter. 



The Trappe Records. 



193 



Ritter, Margretha, wife of Adam, aged 20 years ; 

bap. Sept. 20, 1746 ; 

Her father was Christian Graf an Anabaptist, 
" Catherina, dr. Adam and Margretha ; 

bap. Sept. 20, 1746 ; 4 years old next November. 

sp. Catherina du Frenin. 
" Elisabeth, dr. Adam and Margretha ; 

b. Oct. 18; bap. Nov. 21, 1746 ; 

sp. Michael Heilman and Elisabeth. 
Geres, Johannes, s. Carl and Catherina ; 

b. Sept. 7 ; bap. Sept. 21, 1746 ; 

sp. Johannes Hambrecht and wife Elisabeth. 
Miihlenberg, Johann Peter Gabriel, s. Heinrich Melchior and Anna 

Maria ; 

b. Oct. I, at night between 11 and 12 o'clock ; 

bap. Oct. 14, 1746 ; 

sp. Rev. Pastors Peter Brumholtz, Gabriel Nasmann, Johann 

Nicolaus Kurtz and Johann Friedrich Vigera. 
Rohrbach, Laurentz, s. Christian and Maria Catharina (Reformed) 

b. Oct. 16 ; bap. Nov. 21, 1746 ; 

sp. Laurentz Kuhes (Reformed ) 
Schunck, Johan Conrad, s. Simon and Magdalena ; 

b. March 21, 1744 ; bap. March 28, 1744 ; 

sp. Johannes Carl and wife Elisabeth 
Becker, Anna Maria, dr. Peter and Maria Elisabeth ; 

b. Dec, 1746; bap. Jan 6, 1747; 

sp. Johannes Wolfskehl and wife Anna Maria. 
Heinrich, Madgalena, dr. Johan and Magdalena ; 

b. Jan. 17. 1747 ; bap. Feb. 15, 1747 ; 

sp. Peter Sahler and wife Magdalena. 
Haas, Maria, dr. Heinrich and Anna Elisabeth ; 

b. Dec. 25, 1746 ; bap. Feb. 25, 1747 ; 

sp Maria Schmidin, Peter Reinhard. 
Fuchs, Maria Elisabeth, dr. Matthias and Anna Magdalena ; 

b. Dec. 14, 1746; bap. Feb i, 1747; 

sp. Maria Elisabeth Miihlhannin, Jurg Michael Bastian. 
Beitler, Heinrich, s. Johannes and Eva ; 

b. Feb. 25 ; bap. March i, 1747 ; 

sp. Rev. Heinrich Melchior Muhlenberg and wife Anna 

Maria. 
Haupt, Anna Maria, dr. Johan Nicolaus and Helena Margretha ; 

b. Dec. 23, 1746 ; bap. March 14, 1747 ; 

sp. Ludewig Pickel, Anna Maria Kohlerin. 



194 The Pennsylvania-German Society. 

Alt, Conrad, s. Valentin and Catherina ; 

b. Dec. 1 8, 1746; bap. March 14, 1747 ; 

sp. Conrad Acker and wife Catharina. 
Wagner, Maria, dr. Bastian and Sibylla ; 

b. Sept. 13, 1746 ; bap March 16, 1747 ; 

sp. parents. 
Carl, Elisabeth, dr. Johannes and Catherina Elisabeth ; 

b. Dec. 5, 1746; bap. March 16, 1747 ; 

sp parents. 
Braun, Johan Jacob, s. Johannes and Catherina ; 

b. end of Sept. 1746 ; bap. early in Nov. 1746 ; 

sp. Johann Jacob Meissenheimer and wife Margretha. 
Kress, Johannes, s. Johann Jacob and Luwisa ; 

b. Feb. 26, 1747 ; bap. March 20 ; 

sp. Johannes Braun and wife Catharina 
Wolfskehl, Johann Nicol, s. Johannes and Anna Maria ; 

b. March 18 ; bap. March 20, 1747 ; 

sp. Johann Nicolaus Seydel. 
Knauer, Anna Maria, dr. Christoph and Catherina Elisabeth ; 

b. Feb. 16 ; bap. March 31, 1747 ; 

sp. Johann Georg Frohlich and wife Anna Maria. 
Herleman, Maria Elisabeth, dr. Bastian and Maria Magdalena ; 

b. March 5 ; bap. March 31, 1747 ; 

sp. Jiirg Sauer and wife Maria Elisabeth, 
Aledinger, Johann Heinrich, s. Johann and Anna Margretha ; 

b. Jan. 10 ; bap. April 10, 1747 ; 

sp. Heinrich Heilmann. 
Kilian, Johan Jacob, s. Matthias and Anna Elisabeth ; 

b. April 22, 1742 ; bap. June, 1742 ; 

sp Jacob Hollinger and wife Margretha. 
" Abraham, 

b. Oct. 3, 1743 ; bap. November; 

sp. Abraham Dannhauser, Margretha Nordtin. 
" Johann Michael, 

b. Jan. 18, 1747 ; bap. in February ; 

sp. Johann Nicol Schwing and wife Anna Barbara. 
Spring, Johann Friedrich, s. Andreas and Maria Margretha ; 

b. Jan. 31 ; bap. April 12, 1747 ; 

sp. Johann Adam Gerber, Maria Margretha Schleicherin. 

(Both single.) 
Ramsauer, Susanna Margretha, dr. Adam and Maria Margretha ; 

b. March 2 ; bap. April 20, 1747 ; 

sp. Henrich and Margretha Ramsauer, grandparents. 



The Trappe Records. 



195 



Penter, Anna Margretha, dr. Peter and Elisabeth ; 
b. March 16 ; bap. April 21, 1747 ; 
sp. Johan Philip Giinter and wife Anna Margretha. 
Keiter, Anna Maria, dr. Johannes and Anna Maria ; 
b. Sept. 26, 1746; bap. April 21, 1747 ; 
sp. mother. 
Essig, Anna Elisabeth, dr. Wilhelm and Anna Appolonia ; 

b. March 21 ; bap. April 21, 1747 ; 
sp. Carl Essig. 
Specker, Johan Benjamin, s. Peter and Maria Margretha ; 
b. March 16 ; bap April 21, 1747 ; 
sp. Johann Benjamin Specker. 
Essig, Anna Maria, dr. Michael and Christina ; 

b. Feb. 22 ; bap. May 3, 1747 ; 
sp. Anna Maria Muhlenberg. 
Berger, Catherina Elisabeth, dr. Christoph and Maria Margretha 
b. March 27 ; bap. May 17, 1747 ; 
sp. Philip Engert and wife Catharina Elisabeth. 

Merckel, Anna Barbara, dr. Jacob and 

b. Oct. 6, 1746 ; bap. March 29, 1747 ; 
sp Abraham Merckel and wife. 

" Isaac, s. Abraham and 

b. Oct. 21, 1746 ; bap. March 29, 1747 ; 
sp. parents. 
Filby, Maria Elisabeth, dr. William and Elisabeth ; 

b. March 31, 1746 ; bap. May 17, 1747 ; 
sp. Jacob Koch and wife and Peter Miller. 
Schneider, Johann Simon, s. Valentin and Catherina ; 
b. Feb. 14 ; bap. May 30, 1747 ; 
sp. Simon Wehr and wife Catherina. 
Noll, Johann Wilhelm, s. Michael and Elisabeth ; 

bap. May 26, 1747 ; aged three months ; 
sp Johann Wilhelm Heim. 
' Heiter, Anna Barbara, dr. Melchior and Anna Maria ; 
b. April 7 ; bap. May 26, 1747 ; 
sp. Jacob Schneider and wife Anna Barbara. 
Pfeister, Catharina Elisabeth, dr. Heinrich and Catherina ; 
b. Jan. 28 ; bap. May 26, 1747 ; 

sp. Christoph Knauer and wife Catherina Elisabeth. 
Gutbrodt, Sarah, aged 3 years ; 

" Anna Elsa, aged 6 years ; 



196 



The Pe7insylvania-German Society, 



Gutbrodt, Maria Magdalena, aged 7 years ; 

daughters of Ludewig and Christina Barbara ; 

bap. May 26, 1747 ; 

sp. Melchior Heiter and wife, Jacob Schneider and wife. 
Gaugler, Johan Jiirg, s. Kilian and Anna Margretha ; 

b. August 4 ; bap. August 30, 1747 ; 

sp. Johann Jiirg Croesman and wife Catharina. 
Moses, Johannes, s. Johan Adam and Maria Catharina ; 

b. August 18; bap. Sept. i, 1747 ; 
sp. Johannes Schonholtzer and wife EHsabeth. 
Hedderling, Johann Jacob, s. Wilhelm and Susannah ; 

b. June 26 ; bap. Sept. i, 1747 ; 

sp. Christopher Amborn and wife Susannah. 
Meissenheimer, Johannes, s. Johann Jacob and Anna Margretha ; 

b. August 21 ; bap. Sept. 2. 1747 ; 

sp. Johannes Braun and wife Catharina. 
Heilmann, Anna Maria, dr. Heinrich and Anna Maria ; 

b. August 15, bap. Sept. 27, 1747 ; 

sp. Johannes Heilmann's wife Anna Maria. 
Ernst, Anna Maria, dr. Johann Wendel and Margretha ; 

b. May 12 ; bap. Sept. 20, 1747 ; 

sp. Michael Heihnan's wife Anna Maria. 
Hagh, Johannes, s. Johann Michel and Barbara Magdalena ; 

b. Oct 2 ; bap. Oct. 5, 1747 ; 

sp. the father 
Becker, Andreas, s. Adam and 

bap. Oct 16, 1747, age 7 weeks ; 

sp. Andreas Heiser, son of Johannis. 
Seidel, Johannes, s. Johan. Nicol and Barbara ; 

b. Oct. 7 ; bap. Oct. 29, 1747 ; 

sp. Johan Seidel's wife EHsabeth. 
Heilmann, Margretha, dr. Michael and Anna Maria ; 

b. Oct. II ; bap. Dec. i, 1747 ; 

sp. Johan Wendel Ernst and wife Margretha. 
Heilmann, Johannes, s. Johannes and Anna Maria ; 

b. Nov. 12 ; bap. Dec. 2, 1747 ; 

sp. Nicolaus Moritz wife Catherina. 
Illegitimate, Eva Elizabeth, dr. ofC G and Margretha Wagnerin, 

"ein Hure'' 

b. June I ; bap. Dec. 2, 1747 ; 

sp. Eva Elisabeth Gauerin, Maria Elisabeth Haasin. 



The Trappe Records. 



197 



Buhl, Johannes, s. Peter and Ehsabeth ; 

b. Dec. 4 ; bap. Dec. 25, 1747 ; 

sp fohannes Herpel's wife Anna Maria. 
Frieniann, Catharina Ehsabeth, dr. Jacob and Ehsabeth ; 

b. Dec. 8, 1746 ; bap. Jan. 26, 1748 ; 

sp. Johannes Carl's wife Elisabeth. 
Luckenheid, Johannes, s. Tileman and Anna Margretha ; 

b. Sep. 10, 1747 ; bap. Jan. 27, 1748 ; 

sp Johannes Reiter's wife Anna Maria. 
Miihlenberg, Eva Elisabeth, dr. Heinrich Melchior and Anna Maria ; 

b. Jan. 29 ; bap. Feb. 10, 1748 ; 

sp. the grandmother Eva Weiserin and Elizabeth Schley- 

dornin. 
Jokin, Hanna, dr. John and Margretha ; 

bapt. March 7, 1748 ; born this day seven weeks. 

sp. parents and grandparents. 
Pfluger, Anna Elisabeth, dr. Johannes and Anna Maria ; 

b. Jan. 26 ; bap March 9, 1748 ; 

sp. Balthasar Siihler and wife Anna Elisabeth. 
Johnson, Heinrich, s. Edward and Margretha ; 

b Jan. 25 ; bap. March 9, 1748 ; 

sp. Heinrich Marsteller's single son. 
Baumann, Anna Maria, dr. Jacob and Margretha ; 

b. Sept. 20, 1747 ; bap. March 20, 1748; 

sp. Johannes Bohner, Anna Maria Schmidin, Sigimundus 

Schmid's daughter. 
Wittmann, Johann Christoph, s. Johannes and Maria Catharina ; 

b. March i ; bap. April 3, 1748 • 

sp. Christoph Berger and wife Margretha. 
Schrack, Maria, dr. Philip and Maria ; 

b. bap. April 17, 1748 ; 

sp. Cathrina Schrackin. 
Kebner, Johan David, s. Johan Jiirg and Elisabeth ; 

b. March 21 ; bap. May i, 1748 ; 

sp. Johan David Kebner and Valentin Ruhl's daughter. 
Krauss, Anna Maria, dr. Nicalous and Eva Catherina ; 

b April 6, 1747 ; bap. May 29, 1748 ; 

sp. Anna Maria Schmidin, Jurg Krauss. 
Fuchs, Anna Magdalena, dr. Christoph and Rosina Elisabeth ; 

b. April 25 ; bap. May 29, 1748 ; 

sp. Matthias Fuchs and wife Anna Magdalena. 



198 



The Pennsylvania-German Society. 



Schtinfolzer, Johannes, s. Johannes and Elisabeth ; 
b. March 11'; bap. May 29, 1748; 
sp. Johannes Carl wife Elisabeth. 
Himmelreich, Heinrich. s. Simon and Margretha ; 
b. Feb. 16 ; bap. May 25, 1748 ; 
sp. Herman Bayli. 
Stein, Johann Peter, 

" Johann Christoph, 

twin sons of Adam and Catharina ; 
b. March 25 ; bap. May 25, 1748 ; 
sp. Johann Peter Stauer, Joh. Christoph Knauer. 
Du frene, Elisabeth, dr. Johannes and Catharina ; 
b. April 28 ; bap. May 25, 1748 ; 
5p. Adam Ritter and wife Maria Margretha. 
Ritter, Magdalena, dr. Adam and Margretha ; 

b. Dec. 31, 1747 ; bap. May 25 ; 
sp. Johannes Du frene and wife Catharine. 
Knopp, Elisabeth Catherina Friedrica, dr. of widow Margretha 
Knoppin ; 

bap. May 25, age 8 months ; 

sp. Jiirg Reiser and wife Elisabeth Catherina Friedrica. 
Durr, Maria Levering, wife of Joshua Durr, age 24 years , 

bap. June 20, I7;^8 ; 

sp. Abraham Sahler and wife Elisabeth. 
Hopkin, Susanna, an orphan, aged 19 years ; 
hap. May 31, 1748 ; 
sp. her brother and sister-in-law. 
Boon (e) Esther, 
" Mary, 

adult daughters of William Boon and wife, Quakers, 
bap. June 19, 1748 ; 

sp. Mr. Maugridge, Caspar Stahl and wife. 
Wombold, Anna Maria, dr. Friedrich and Eva Elisabeth ; 
b. Jan. 15 ; bap, June 26, 1748 ; 
sp. Jacob Nuss and wife Anna Maria. 
Haupt, Johann Nicolaus, s. Johan Nicolaus and Helen Margretha ; 
b. July 19 ; bap Aug. 25, 1748 ; 
sp. parents. 
Noll, Johann Wilhelm, s. Michael and Elisabeth ; 

b. March 2 ; bap. August 29, 1748. 
SWEDISH CHiTRCH {Gloria Dei) Philadelphia. 
Hopkin, William, (single man.) 
Johns, Ruth, wife of Peter Johns. 



The Ti'appe Records. 199. 



Hanton, Hannah, (single woman ) 
Allison, Amy, a married woman. 

All baptized Sept. 4, 1748. 



Miiller, Anna Margretha, dr. Peter and Anna Elisabeth ; 

b. Sept. 9 ; bap. Sept. 25, 1748 ; 

sp. Anna Margretha Beckerin, Christian Horner 
Heilmann, Michael, s. Jurg Adam and Elisabeth ; 

b. June 18 ; bap. Oct. i, 1748 ; 

sp. Michael Heilmann and wife. 
Reiser, Anna Maria Elisabeth, dr. Friedrich and Catharina ; 

b. April 16; bap. Oct. i, 1748; 

sp. Melchior Huber's wife Anna Maria. 
Schud, Susannah Elisabeth, dr Jurg and Elisabeth ; 

b. July 10; bap. Oct. i, 1748 ; 

sp. Christoph Knauer's wife Catherine Elisabeth. 
Kuntzelmann, Friedrich Ludewig, s. Jiirg and Catherina ; 

b. Oct. 8 ; bap. Oct. 13, 1748 ; 

sp. Friedrich Ludewig Marsteller and wife Barbara, 
Schronk, Elisabeth, dr. Nicolaus and Barbara ; 

b. Oct. 24; bap. Nov. 25, 1748; 

sp Johann Peter Benter and wife Elisabeth, 
de Wese, Elisabeth, dr Cornelius and Margretha ; 

b. July I ; bap Nov 27, 1748 ; 

sp. parents. 
Lewis, Maria, dr. of Walther Lewis' widow ; 

bap. Nov. 28, 1748 ; 
sp. widow Hoppin, widow Sprogelin. 
Hefelbauer, Christina, dr. Philip and Barbara ; 

b. Nov. 10 ; bap. Dec. i, 1748 ; 

sp. Philip Munzer's wife Margretha. 
Haas, Anna Elisabeth, dr. Henrich and Anna Elisabeth ; 

b. Oct. 20; bap. Dec. 11, 1748; 

sp. Anna Elisabeth Buhlin, Peter Buhl's wife. 
Lawk, Samuel, s. Abraham and Maria ; 

b. March 15 ; bap. Dec. 27, 1748 ; 

sp Melchior Heiter and wife Anna Maria. 
Carl, Catharina, dr. Johannes and Catharina ; 

b, Sept. 25 ; bap. Dec. 27, 1748 ; 

sp. parents. 
Becker, Johan Peter, s. Peter and INIaria Elisabeth ; 

b. Sept. 25, 1748 ; bap. Jan. 14, 1749 ; 

pp. parents. 



200 



The Pen7isylva7iia-German Society. 



Gebel, Anna, dr. Richard and Catharina ; 

bap. Jan. 22, 1749. Somewhat old. 

sp. John Gebel's wife Margretha. 
Wills, Elisabeth, dr. Patrick Wills and Abigail gonner, (Connor) 

bap. Jan. 22, 1749, aged 3 months ; 

sp. Robert Coder, Elisabeth Scott. 
Jiingling, Johannes, s. Christian and Susannah ; 

b. Nov. 28, 1749 ; bap. Feb. 19, 1749 ; 

sp. parents. 
Scherrer, Margretha, dr. Valentin and Maria ; 

b. Feb. i4 ; bap. Feb. 24, 1749 ; 

sp. parents. 
Weiss, Catharina, dr. [ohann Carl Weis and Eva Gerberin ; 

b. Dec. 15, 1748 ; bap. March 27, 1749 ; 

sp. Magdalena and Johannes Gerber. 
Kleppinger, Friedrich, s. Johau Jurg and Anna Margretha ; 

b. Feb. 4, • bap. March 23, 1749 ; 

sp. Friedrich Wambold. 
Brunner, Anna Elisabeth, dr. Paul and Gertraut ; 

b. Dec. 23, 1748 ; bap. March 23, 1749 ; 

sp. Michael Bauer's wife Anna Elisabeth. 
Wolfskehl, Anna Maria, dr. Johannes and Anna Maria ; 

b. Feb. 10 ; bap. March 28, 1749; 

sp. Rudolph Sorber's wife Anna Maria ; 
Schmall, Johann Nicolaus, s. Nicholaus and Maria Johannetta ; 

b. Feb. 10 ; bap. March 23, 1749 ; 

sp. Johan Nicolaus Seidel. 
Meitzer, Johann Conrad, s. Johan Peter and Anna Elisabeth ; 

b. Jan. 31 ; bap. March 28, 1749 ; 

sp. Conrad Claus wile Maria Sibylla. 
Carl, Clara, dr. Esaias and Catherina ; 

b. Feb. 12 ; bap. March 28, 1749 ; 

sp. Catharina Carlin. 
Hippel, Anna Maria, dr. Johannes and Maria Catherina ; 

b. Feb 5 ; bap. March 28, 1749 ; 

sp. Anna Maria Schmidtin. 
Amborn, Catherina, dr. Christoph and Susannah ; 

b. Jan. 5 ; bap. April 2, 1749 ; 

sp. Catherina Penterin, Jurg Penters dr. 
Gmelin, Matthias, s. Christian and Christina ; 

b. bap. March 27, 1749 ; 

sp. Mr. Rudolf (reform.) 



The Trappe Records. 



20I 



spring, Maria Elisabeth, dr. Andreas and Maria Margretha ; 
bap. March 19, 1749, aged 4 weeks and 3 days ; 
sp. Albertus Koch and wife Maria EHsabeth. 
Fuchs, Anna Maria, dr. Matthias and Anna Magdalena ; 
b. March 6 ; bap. April 21, 1749 ; 
sp. Johan Georg Kebner's wite Elisabeth. 
Runckel, Heinrich Jacob, s. Just and Maria Sara ; 
b. Feb. 28 ; bap. April 21, 1749 : 
sp. Conrad Pracht and wife Sophia Margretha. 
Binder, Maria Elisabeth, dr. Peter and Elisabeth ; 
b. March i ; bap. April 21, 1749 ; 
sp. Johann Nicol Gauers wife Maria Elisabeth. 
Schunck, Anna Margretha, dr. Simon and Anna Magdalena ; 
b. April 2 ; bap. May i, 1749 ; 
sp. Conrad Schrumer's wife Anna Margretha. 
Vogel, Jiirg Dietrich, s. Johannes and Anna Margretha ; 

b. March 23, b:ip. May 14, 1749 ; 

sp. Johann Dietrich Held. 
Heinrich, Elisabeth, dr. Johann and Magdalena ; 
b. April 10 ; bap. May 14, 1749 ; 

sp. Lorentz Reinhard's dr. Catherina and Michael Sahler. 
Loos, Anna Maria, dr. Christoph and Dorothea ; 

b. March 11 ; bap. May 14, 1749 ; 
sp. Barbara Wetterichin. 
Krauter, Catherina, dr. Michael and Catherina ; 
b. April 27 ; bap. June 16, 1749 ; 
sp. parents, in Indian Field. 
Knopf, Susannah, dr. Leonard and Anna Maria ; 

b. May 27 ; bap. June 16, 1749 ; 
sp Susannah wife Leopold Hillegas. 
Spyker, Anna Elisabeth, dr. Peter and Maria Margretha ; 
b. May 18 ; bap. June 27, 1749 ; 
sp Anna Elisabeth Kurtzin, Herr Kurtz's wife. 
Richter, Anna Margretha, dr. Jiirg and Elisabeth ; 
b May 12 ; bap. July 22, 1749 ; 
sp Anna Margretha Schambonarin. 
Preiss, Daniel, s. Daniel and Johanna ; 

b. bap. July 23, 1749 ; 

sp Jiirg Weichard, junior. 
Moses, Heinrich, s. Adam and Maria Catherina ; 

b. April 28 ; bap. July i, 1749 ; 
sp. Heinrich Ramsauer. 



202 



The Pennsylvania-German Soaety. 



Muntz, Anna Magdalena, dr. Johann Philip and Anna Margretha ; 

b. April 14 ; bap. July i, 1749 ; 

sp. Anna Magdalena Heilmannin (widow.) 
Essig, Eva Cathrina, dr. Michael and Justina ; 

b. July 18 ; bap. August 13, 1749 ; 

sp. Pastor Miihlenberg's wife Anna Maria, and Jiirg Cress- 

manns wife Catherina. 
Cressmann, Jurg Philip, s. George and Anna Margretha ; 

b. July 12 ; bap. July 30, 1749 ; 

sp. Jiirg Philip Stein and Jiirg Emmerich. 
Beck, Johann Jiirg, s. Jiirg Burchard and Anna Maria ; 

b. Dec. 25, 1747 ; bap. July 31, 1749 ; 

sp. Jiirg Reiser wife Elisabeth. 
Klauer, Johann Jacob, s. Johannes and Anna Maria ; 

b. August 2, 1748 ; bap. July 31, 1749 ; 

sp. Johannes du Frene. 
Rohrbach, Johann Heinrich, s. Christian and Maria Catharina ; 

b. April 20; bap July 31, 1749; 

sp. Heinrich Miiller. 
Schopf, Johann Christoph, s. Jacob and Anna Catharina ; 

b. March 3. 1748 ; bap. July 31, 1749; 

sp. Christoph Knauer 
Berger, Jiirg Dietrich, s. Christoph and Margretha ; 

bap. October i, 1749, age 9 weeks ; 

sp. Jiirg Dietrich Held. 
Gauer, Johann Peter, s. Johann Nicol and Maria Elisabeth ; 

b. Oct. II ; bap. Oct. 30, 1749 ; 

sp. Johann Peter Haas, Eva Elisabeth Gauerin. 
Ebert, Maria Margretha, dr. Johannes and Maria Catherina ; 

bap. Nov. 29, 1749, age 7 weeks ; 

sp. Jurg Leonhard Wacker and wife. 
Gaugler, Johann Michael, s. Johan Kilian and Anna Margretha ; 

b. Oct. 9, 1749 ; bap. Jan. 2, 1750 ; 

sp. Johann Michael Reuter and Anna Catherina. 
Hufen, Jacob, an adult Englishman, s. Henry and 

bap. Jan. 27, 1750; 

sp. Heinrich Hufen, Henrich Becker 
Runckel, Jacob, s. Nicolaus and Elisabeth ; 

bap. Jan. 29, 1750, aged 2 years ; 

sp. Jacob Runckel. (reform.) 
Runckel, Elisabeth, dr. Jacob Kunckel. senior and wife Anna Elisabeth; 

b. March 6, 1749 ; bap. Jan. 29, 1750 ; 

sp. Nicolaus Runckel and wife Elisabeth. 



The Trappe Records. 



203 



Runckel, Nicolaiis, s. Johannes and Anna Maria ; 

b. Jan. 3 ; bap. Jan. 29, 1750 ; 

sp. Nicolaus Runckel. 
Eder, Johann Georg, s. Caspar and Wendelina ; 

b. Jan. 2 ; bap. Jan. 29, 1750 ; 

sp. Johann Jurg Ernst and wife Catherina. 
Koster, Susannah, dr. Johann and Susannah Margretha ; 

b. Dec, 1749 : bap. Feb. 4, 1750 ; 

sp. Anna Elisabeth Hoppin, Wittwe Johanna Christina 

Sprogelin. 
Muhlenberg, Friederich August Conrad, s. Rev. Heinrich Melchior and 

Anna Maria ; 

b. Jan. 2 ; bap. Jan. 15, 1750 ; 

sp. Conrad Weiser, Friederich Marsteller, Ew. Hofprediger 

Ziegenhagen and Herr Professor Franck. 
Du Frene, Johann Jacob, s. Johannes and Catharina ; 

bap. March i, 1750, aged ten weeks. 

sp. Adam Ritter. 
Rothel, Johann Peter, s. Dominicus and Anna Margretha ; 

bap. March i, 1750, age 6 months ; 

sp. Parents. 
Julius, Maria Barbara, dr. Philip Jacob and Catharina ; 

b. July 26, 1749 ; bap. March [, 1750 ; 

sp. Maria Barbara Wetrichin. 
Heilmann, Catharina, dr. Michael and Maria ; 

b. Dec. 24, 1749 ; bap. March i, 1750 ; 

sp. Parents. 
Geiger, Johann Dietrich, s. Paul and Anna Maria ; 

b Feb. 10 ; bap. March 2, 1750 ; 

sp. Johann Dietrich Wiilcker. 
Koch, Anna Margretha, dr. Johann Thomas and Eva ; 

b. Dec. 18, 1749 ; bap. March 2, 1750 ; 

sp. Johann Koch, Anna Margretha Schmidtin ; 
Seidel, Anna Catherina, dr. Johann Nicol. and Anna Barbara ; 

b Dec 26, 1749 ; bap. March 2, 1750 ; 

sp. Johann Jiirg Zimmermann and wife Anna Catharina. 
Schwenck, Johann Jiirg, s. Johann Nicol and Anna Barbara ; 

b. Feb. 15 ; bap. March 2, 1750 ; 

sp. Johann Jiirg Schwenk, Susannah Molzin. 
Hartenstein, Johannes Heinrich, s. Ludewig and Catharina ; 

b. Nov. 6, 1749 ; bap. March 22, 1750 ; 

sp. Parents. 



204 



The Pe7uisylvania-Gernia7i Society. 



Jiingling, Maria, dr. Christian and Susannah ; 

b. Feb. 3 ; bap. April i, 1750 ; 

sp. Parents. 
Schrack, Philip, s. Philip and Maria ; 

b. Nov. 3, 1749; bap. April i, 1750; 

sp. Pastor Heinrich Melchior Muhlenberg, and wife Anna 
Maria. 
Horer, Christian, s. Philip and Anna Maria ; 

b. Dec. 31, 1749 ; bap. April i, 1750 ; 

sp. parents. (Servants across the Schuylkill.) 
Knauer, Maria Barbara, dr. Christian and Catherina Elisabeth ; 

b. Feb. 6 ; bap. April 2, 1750 ; 

sp. Valentine Wentz and wife Maria Barbara. 
Himmelreich, Maria Elisabeth, dr. Samuel and Anna Margretha ; 

b. Dec. 2, 1749; bap. April 2, 1750; 

sp. Maria Elisabeth Bernerin. 
Sily, John Nicolaus, s. Samuel and Mary ; 

b. Feb. 14, 1749 ; bap. April 15, 1750 ; 

sp. John Nicolaus Croesmann. 
Heiser, Samuel, s. Valentin and Anna ; 

b. Oct. 25, 1749 ; bap. March 23, 1750 ; 

sp. parents. 
Miiller, Anna Elisabeth, dr. Johan Adam and Anna Maria ; 

b. Feb. 24; bap. April 15, 1750; 

sp. Anna Barbara Haasin, Conrad's wife. 
Brach, Johann Caspar, s. Caspar and Sophia Margretha ; 

b, April 18; bap. May 13, 1750; 

sp. Caspar Rahn, Jeremias Runckel. 
Becker, Maria Magdalena, dr. Peter and Elisabeth ; 

b. April 18; bap. May. 13, 1750; 

sp. Daniel Marsteller and Ulrich Hardt's dr. 
Hambrecht, Johannes, s. Johann and Elisabeth ; 

b. August 21, 1749 ; bap. l\Iay 3, 1750 ; 

sp. John Cathberg's wife Magdalena. 
Fisher, Johann Philip, s. Jurg Adam and Anna Margretha ; 

b. April 4 ; bap May 6, 1750 ; 

sp. Johan Philip Janson. 
Kelly, John, s. Lawrence and Jane ; 

b. Jan. 2 ; bap. May 27, 1750 ; 

sp. John Commons. 
Heilmann, Anna Maria, dr. Johannes and Anna Maria ; 

b. April 8 ; bap. May 28, 1750 ; 

sp. Heinrich Heilman's wife Anna Maria 



The Trappe Records. 



205 



Johnson, Johannes, s. Edward and Margretha ; 
b. March 22 ; bap. May 28, 1750 ; 
sp. Johannes Heilman. 
Sperr, Leonhard, s. PhiHp and Dorothea ; 

b. April II ; bap. May 28, 1750 ; 
sp. Leonhard Sperr 

Wagner, EHsabeth, dr. George Martin and 

b. March 15 ; bap. April 14, 1750 ; 
sp. Hans Jiirg Wagner's wife. 
Heister, Johan Christoph, s. Melchior and Anna Maria ; 
b. April 7 ; bap. June i, 1750 ; 

sp. Johann Christoph Knauer and wife Catharine Elisabeth. 
Klein, Maria Salomae, dr. Johannes and Maria Elisabeth ; 

b. Jan. 31 ; bap. June 4, 1750 ; 
sp. Benedict Kebner and wife Salomae. 
Ranibow, Anna, dr. Peter and Maria ; 

b. Dec. 16, 1749; bap. June 12, 1750; 
sp. Anna Magdalena Bauerin. 
Giebler, Margretha, dr. Jurg Michael and Elisabeth Margretha ; 
b. June 7 ; bap. July 8, 1750 ; 
sp. Andreas Spring and wife Margretha. 
Hinton, George, an Englishman, born in this country ; 

bap. July 2, 1750, at Molston Church. 
Gebel, John, s. Richard and Catharina ; 
b. Feb. 28 ; bap. July 19, 1750 ; 
'* William; b. Dec- 29, 1738; bap. 1743. 

" Abraham ; b. March 31, 1740 ; bap. 1743. 

" Susannah; b. April 15, 1742; bap. 1743. 

" Anna ; b. July 16, 1744 ; bap. 1749. 

sp. parents. 
Ritter, Johann Jacob, s. Adam and Margretha ; 

b. Jan. 24 ; bap. August i, 1750 ; 
sp. Johannes Ritter. 
Ernst, Catharina Barbara, dr. Joh. VVendel and Margretha ; 

b. July 8 ; bap. August i, 1750 ; 
sp. parents. 
Noll, Johann Michael, s. Michael and Elisabeth ; 

b. Jan. 7 ; bap. August i, 1750 ; 
sp. Johann Michael Dany. 
Wachter, Johannes, s. Martin and Barbara ; (both servants.) 
b. Sept. 9 ; bap. Oct. 14, 1750 ; 
sp. Simon Grossman. 



2o6 The Pennsylvania-German Society. 

Reiss, Christoph, s. Friederich and Catharina 

b. August 7 ; bap. Oct. 14, 1750 ; 

sp. Christoph Amborn, 
Reiter, Johannes, s. Johannes and Anna Maria ; 

b. April 3 ; bap. Oct. 28, 1750 ; 

sp. parents. 
Schub, Anna Barbara, dr. Adam and Catharina ; 

b. July 18; bap. July 28, 1750 ; 

sp. Anna Barbara Kurtzin. 
Miiller, Johann Jacob, s. Andreas and Auna Maria ; 

b Sept. 23 ; bap. Oct. 28, 1750 ; 

sp Johann Nicolaus Schriegel's wife Anna Margretha. 
Wohlfahrt, Abraham, s. Nicolaus and Catherina ; 

b. Oct. 12 ; bap. Oct. 28, 1750 ; 

sp. Abraham Wohlfahrt, Anna Zipperle. 
Hartly, William, s. William (deceased) and Hannah, (now Jonas 

Selius' wife) ; 

b. July 27 ; bap Nov. 13, 1750 ; 

sp. Caspar Stahl and Hannah Selius (the mother.) 
Sailer, Johann Conrad, s. Johan Peter and Catharina ; 

b. Nov. 4 ; bap. Dec. 16, 1750 ; 

sp. Johann Conrad Miiller and wife Maria Margretha. 
Haas, Hieronymus, s. Heinrich and Elisabeth ; 

b. Oct. 27 ; bap. December 31, 1750 ; 

sp Hieronymus Haas' wife Christiana. 
Mohr, Anna Barbara, dr Andreas and Catherina ; 

in Goshohoppen, b. Nov. 16, 1750 ; bap. Jan. 3, 1751 ; 

sp. Anna Catherina Bachmanin, Anna Barbara Wachardtin. 
Spitznagel, Johann Mathias, s. Balthaser and Maria Ursala ; 

b. Oct. 23, 1750 ; bap. Jan. 19, 1751 ; 

sp. Johann Matthias Fuchs' wife Anna Magdalena ; 
Maurer, Anna Margretha, dr. Michael and Anna Elisabeth ; 

b. July 25, 1750; bap Jan. 19, 1751 ; 

sp. Philip Kresler's wife Anna Maria. 
Fiiller, Johann Michael, s. Balthaser and Anna ; 

b. Jan. I ; bap. Jan. 19, 1751 ; 

sp. Johann Michael Bastian's wife Eva Maria. 
Petri, Maria Henrietta, dr. Valentin and Juliana ; 

b. Jan. 2 ; bap. Jan. 27, 1751 ; 

sp. Maria Henrietta, Jacob Wirth's dr. 
Wirth, Hindrance, wife of Jacob, 32 years old, and of English 

Quaker parentage ; bap. Feb. 4, 1751 ; 

sp. Johann Georg Gilbert and wife. 



The Trappe Records. 



207 



Wirth, Sarah, dr. Jacob and Hindrance ; 

b. April I, 1740 ; bap. Feb. 4, 1751 ; 

sp. John George Gilbert and wife. 
" Johann Jacob, 

b. March 26, 1744 ; bap. Feb. 4, 1751 ; 

sp. Philip Jacob Bechtold. 
" Johann Georg, 

b. Sept. 12, 1746; bap. Feb. 4, 1751 ; 

sp. John George Gilbert. 
" Thomas, 

b. Jan. 12, 1749 ; bap. Feb. 4, 1751 ; 

sp Thomas Mayer from Philadelphia. 
Fiedler, Anna Catherina, dr. Valentin and Catharina ; 

bap. Feb. i, 1751, aged 4 weeks and 2 days. 

sp. Adam Moses and his wife. 

This was the first baptism in the new school house. 
Heilman, Catharina, dr. Adam and Elisabeth ; 

b. Sept. 25, 1750; bap. Feb. i, 1751 ; 

sp. parents. 
Spring, Albertus, s. Andreas and Anna Margretha ; 

b. Nov. 22, 1750 ; bap. Feb. 10, 1751 ; 

sp. Johannes Heilman and wife Anna Maria. 
Croesman, Johann Georg, s. Johann Jurg and Eva Barbara ; 

b. Jan. 9 ; bap. Feb. 11, 1751. in Indian Field ; 

sp. Johannes Heilman and wife Anna Maria. 
Hoeck, Anna Margretha, dr. Andreas and Anna ; 

b. Jan 22 ; bap. Feb 21, 1751 ; 

sp. Johann Philip Gabel's wife Anna Elisabeth. 
Schleufer, Johann Adam, s. Hieronymus and Eva Barbara ; 

bap. March i, 1751, aged 3 weeks ; 

sp. Johann Adam Stein and wife. 
Protzman, Maria Magdalena, dr. Adam and Martha ; 

b. Jan. 13 ; bap. Feb. 11, 1751 ; 

sp. Maria Magdalena. Peter Siihler's wife. 
Schrack, Johann Peter, s. Jacob and Maria Elisabeth ; 

b. Jan. 31 ; bap. Feb. 24, 1751 ; 

sp. Johann Peter Miihlsam. 
Fritz, Anna Maria, dr Johann Martin and Anna Maria ; 

b. March 3 ; bap March 28, 1751 ; 

sp. Johann Jurg Fritz and wife Anna Catharina. 
Haas, Johann Friederich, s. Johannes and Anna Regina ; 

b. Feb. 13, 1750 ; bap. March 28, 1751 ; 

sp. Friedrich Haas. 



2o8 



The Pennsylvania-Germa7t Society. 



Hogley, Hannah, dr. Elias^nd Catherina ; 

b. August 2, 1750 ; bap. March 28, 1751 ; 

sp. James Waring and Hannah his wife. 
Schrenk, Anna Maria, dr. Adam and Eva ; 

b. Dec. 25, 1750 ; bap. May r, 1751 ; 

sp. Anna Maria Frcihligin, Jurg Christoph Miiller. 
Hauch, Anna Maria, dr. Friedrich and Anna Sarah ; 

b. Jan. 8 ; bap. May i, 1751 ; 

sp. Melchior Heiter and wife Anna Maria 
Schunck, Simon, s. Simon and Magdalena ; 

b. April 6 ; bap. May i, 1751 ; 

sp. parents. 
Simon, Benjamin, s. John and Elisabeth ; 

b. Sept. 18 ; bap. May 5. 

sp. parents. 
Comens, Edward, s. John and Mary ; 

b. March 22 ; bap. May 5, 1751 ; 

sp Edward iu Heven. 
Daran, Maria Gertraut, dr. Peter and Elisabeth ; 

b. March 17 ; bap. April 16, 17S1, (on the Tohecka.) 

sp. Johannes Heinrich's wife Maria Magdalena. 
Weisel, Jiirg Michael, s. Michael and Magdalena ; 

bap. April 16, 1751, aged 6 months, (on the Tohecka.) 

sp. Jiirg Michael Weisel. 
Sauer, Elisabeth, dr. Friederich and Anna Margretha ; (Reformed) 

b. Feb 20 ; bap May 19, 1751 ; 

sp. Elisabeth Schmidtin (Luth.) mother-in-law. 
Miiller, Anna Maria, dr. Lorenz (Ref.) and Maria Ursula, (Luth.) ;. 

bap. May 19, 1751, aged 11 weeks ; 

sp. Anna Catherina Benderin ; (spinster.) 
Braun, Catharina, dr. Jacob (Ref) and Margretha ; 

b. June 2 ; bap. June 16, 1751 ; 

sp. parents. 
Horner, Johannes Peter, s. Christian and Barbara ; 

b. April 28; bap. June 16, 1751 : 

sp Peter Miiller and wife. 
Reyer, Johannes, s. Carl and Elisabeth ; 

b. May 16 ; bap. July 16, 1751 ; 

sp. Nicolas and wife. 
Schrack, Anna Margretha, dr. Philipp and Maria ; 

b. May ; bap. July 28, 1751 ; 

sp. Jacob Schrack and wife Maria Elisabeth. 



The Trappe Records. 209 

Ohle, Rudolph, s Frantz and ApoUonia (both Catholic) ; 

b. Feb. 18, 1750 ; bap. July 28, 1751 ; 
sp. Antoni Heylmann, a widow. 
'' Margratha, 

b. June I ; bap. July 28, 1751 ; 
sp. Margaretha Newhausin. 
Miiller, Anna Maria, dr. Henrich (Luth) and Susanna Margartha 
(Ref ) both of Providence ; 
b. Jan. 27 ; bap. August 18, 1751 ; 
sp. Anna Maria, dr. of Valentin Kily (Ref). 
Paalin, (Pawling) Benjamin, s. Joseph and Elisabeth ; 
b. Dec. 25, 1750 ; bap; August 25, 1751; 

sp. John Behner, Margretha 

Fuchs, Heinrich Balthaser, s. Matthias and Anna Magdalena ; 

b. August 4, bap. Sept. i, 1751 ; 
sp. Balthasar Spitznagel and wife. 
Muhlenberg, Margretha Henrietta, dr. Rev. Heinrich Melchoir and 
Anna Maria ; 

b. Sept. 17, one o'clock a. m. ; bap. Oct. i, 1751 ; 
sp. Margretha Weiserin, Henrich Schleydorn, Henrich 
Franckin. 
Pfanner, Elisabeth Barbara, dr. Heinrich and Margretha ; 
b. Oct. 2 ; bap. Oct. 8, 1751 ; 
sp. Philip Stein's wife Elisabeth. 
Johnson, Anna Barbara, dr. Edward and Margretha ; 
b. Sept. 3 ; bap. Oct. 8, 1751 ; 
sp. Friedrich Marsteller and wife Barbara. 
Schwing, Anna Magdalena, dr Joh. Nicol and Anna Barbara ; 
b. Sept 12; bap. Oct. 8, 1751 ; 
sp Matthias Hiittwohl's wife Anna Magdalena. 
Koch, Dorothea, dr Joh. Thomas and Eva ; 

b. Sept. 27 ; bap. Oct. 8, 1751 ; 
sp. Jacob Pfaad wife Dorothea 
Kloppinger, Maria Catharina, dr. Joh. Georg and Anna Margretha ; 
b. August 22 ; bap. Oct. 8. 1751 ; 
sp. Joha nes Heilman and wife. 
Van der Sluis, Anton ; bap. Oct. 30, 1751. 
Nord, Magdalena, dr. Jurg and Maria Margretha ; 

b. Oct. 5 ; bap. Nov. 17, 1751 ; 
sp. Maria Magdalena Heinrichin. 

Schmid, Elisabeth; dr. Wilhelm and 

b. Sept. 27 ; bap. Dec. i, 1751. 



2IO The Pennsylvania-German Society, 

Diirren, Anna Regina, dr. Andreas and 

b. August i8 ; bap Dec. i, 1751. 
De la Plain, Maria, wife of Josua de la Plain, an English Quaker, aged 

33 years ; 

bap. Dec. 28, 1751, while upon her dying bed, after making 

a public profession of her faith. 
" '' " Josua, son of Josua and Maria, aged 12 years. 
" " " John, aged 10 years. 
" " " Joseph, aged 7 years. 
" " " Hannah, aged i year, 8 months. 

All baptized Dec. 28, 1751. 

sp. Gottfried Casebier, Robert Daughty, Sarah Casebier. 
How(e), Thomas, s. William and Hannah ; 

b. March 24, 1751 ; bap. Jan. 9, 1752 ; 

sp. parents. 
Heilman, Johann Jacob, s. Johannes and Anna Maria ; 

b. Nov. 27, 1751 ; bap. Jan. 28, 1752 ; 

sp. Johann Jiirg Croesmann, of Indianfield. 
Merckel, Benjamin, s. Abraham and Anna Barbara ; 

b. June II, 1751 ; bap. Jan. 28, 1752 ; 

sp. parents. 
Gmelin, Anna Barbara, dr. Christian and Christiana ; 

b. Nov. I, 1751 ; bap. Jan 28, 1752 ; 

sp. Friedrich Marsteller's wife Anna Barbara. 
Van der Sluisen, Catharina, dr. of the late Anthon. 
" " " Eva. 

" " " Anthon. 

Were all baptized Feb. 2, 1752, after previous instruction 

sp. many members of the congregation and neighbours who- 

were present. 
Kuntzelmann, Johann Jacob, s. Jiirg and Catharina ; 

b Jan. 3 ; bap. April 20, 1752 ; 

sp. Johann Jacob Bum and wife Maria Elisabeth. 
Miiller, Johann Ludewig, s. Andreas and Anna Maria ; 

b. Feb 20 ; bap. April 22, 1752 ; 

sp. Ludewig Ehwald. 
Croesman, Johann Jiirg, s. Friederich and Susannah ; 

b. March 25 ; bap. April 26, 1752 ; 

sp. Johann Jiirg Croesman's wife. 
Klohr, Gottfried, s. Christoph and 

b. Dec. 27, 1751 ; bap. April 26, 1752 ; 

sp. Gottfried Gruber, Christina Gerberin. 



The Trappe Records. 



211 



Spring, Andreas, s. Johann Caspar and 

b. March 25 ; bap. April 26, 1752; 

sp. Andreas Spring and wife. 
Buhl, Johann Nicolaus, s. Peter and 

b. Dec. 2, 1751 ; bap. Feb. 16, 1752 ; 

sp. Johann Nicolaus Schneider and wife Anna Maria. 
Becker, Friederick, s. Peter and Maria Elisabeth ; 

b. April I ; bap. May 17, 1752 ; 

sp. Friederich Marsteller, and wife. 
Brach, Johann Georg, s. Caspar and Sophia Marg ; 

b April 7 ; bap. May 17, 1752 ; 

sp. Johann Georg, Cathrina Elisabeth Donen. 
Jung, Anna Barbara, dr. Wendel and Anna Barbara ; 

b. May 22 ; bap. May 25, 1752 ; 

sp. Friedrich Marsteller and wife Anna Barbara. 
Eotlere, Conrad, s. Johannes and Rosina ; 

bap. May 24. 1752, age 14 weeks (aross the Schuylkil) - 

sp. Conrad Scheucher and wife Anna Margretha. 
Heilmann, Johann Henrich, s. Henrich and 

b. June 20 ; bap. June 21, 1752 ; 

sp. Anthon Heilmann. 
Reckers, Elisabeth, dr. Just and Sarah ; 

b. Dec. 22, 1751 ; bap. Jan. 7, 1752 ; 

sp. Elisabeth Kieferin 
Seidel, Anthonius, s. Joh. Nicol. and Maria Barbara ; 

b. June 20 ; bap. June 25, 1752 ; 

sp. Johann Anthon Geiger and wife. 
Rambow, (?) Peter and Mary ; 

b. July 12 ; bap. August 2. 1752 ; 

sp. Johann Jacob Schrack and wife Maria Elisabeth. 
Schering, Johannes, s. Jurg and Veronica ; 

b. April 24 ; bap. August 16, 1752 ; 

sp. Johann Nicolaus Schering and wife Anna Barbara. 
Horner, Christian, s. Christian and Barbara ; 

b. Oct II ; bap. Nov. 5, 1752 ; 

sp. Christian Schrack and wife Margretha. 
N. B.— From here the dates according to the new style. 
Weichel, Johann Jacob, s. Johann Christoph and Catharina ; 

b. Nov. 14 ; bap. Nov. 22, 1752 ; 

sp. Jacob Geiger and Michael Weichel's wife Elisabeth. 
Eder, Elisabeth, dr. Caspar and Wendelina ; 

b Oct. I, 1751 ; bap. Nov. 20, 1752 ; 

sp. parents. 



212 



The Pennsylvania-Gei'man Society. 



Grossmann, Maria Margretha, dr. Simon and Magdalena ; 

b. Oct. 17 ; bap. Dec. 24, 1752 ; 

sp. Johannes Palm and Christoph Berger's wife Maria Mar- 
gretha. 
Schrack, David, s. Johannes and Sarah ; 

b. bap. Dec. 24, 1752 ; 

sp. parents. 
Protzman, Jacob, 

" Johannes, twin sons of Adam and Hanna ; 

b. Oct. 23 ; bap. Dec. 10, 1752 ; 

sp. Jacob Schrack, Johan Heinrich and wife Magdalena. 
Anno 1753. 
Mittelberger, Johann Christoph, s. Samson Friedrich and Elisabeth 

Dorothea ; 

b Jan. 6; bap. Jan. 21, 1753 ; 

sp. Johannes Heinrich and wife. 
Schrack, Johann Jacob, s. Jacob and Maria Elisabeth ; 

b. Jan. 27 ; bap. Feb 2, 1753 ; 

sp. Johann Jacob Miiller. 
Spring, Agnes, dr. Andreas and Margretha ; 

b. Jan 9 ; bap. March 4, 1753 ; 

sp. Johannes Bangle's wife Agnes. 
Jiingling, Elisabeth, dr. Christian and Susannah ; 

b. Jan. I ; bap. Feb. 22, 1753 ; 

sp. parents. 
Giilde Andreas, s. Gallus and Anna Maria ; 

b. Feb. II ; bap Feb. 22, 1753 ; 

sp. Andreas Klein, Barbara Boltin. 
Essig, Catharina, dr. Wilhelm and Anna Appolonia ; 

bap. Oct I, 1752, age 7 weeks ; 

sp. Bernhard Rap and wife Catharina. 
Keuler, Anna Catharina, dr. Johannes and Eva ; 

b. Dec. 14, 1752 ; bap. May 27, 1753 ; 

sp. Daniel Keuler, Anna Catherina Meyer (both single). 
Bahrt, Anna Margretha, dr. Michael and Christina ; 

b. March 6 ; bap. June 10, 1753 ; 

sp. Jiirg Vogeler and wife Anna Margretha. 
Nagel, Rudolph, s. Anna Nagelin, widow ; 

b. April 2 ; bap. June 13, 1753 ; 

sp. Rudolph Bonner and wife Ursula. 
lost, Henrich, s. Conrad and Maria ; 

b. June 3 ; bap. July 2, 1753 ; 

sp. Rev H. M. Muhlenberg, Mr. Mitteberger. 



The Trappe Records. 



213 



Reichenbacher, Johannes, s. Philip Jacob and Maria Magdalena, servants 

in Salisbury township ; 

bap. July 21, age 10 month ; 

sp. Joh. Christoph Rose 
Kebner, Johann Jacob, s. Johan Jiirg and Elizabeth ; 

b. March 2 ; bap. June 10, 1753 ; 

sp. Johann Jacob Heckman and wife Anna Barbara. 
Schering, Maria Catharina, dr. Nicholaus and Anna Barbara ; 

b. May 31 ; bap July 22, 1753 ; 

sp Michael Schering and wife Anna Maria Elisabeth. 
Miiller, Philip s. Andreas and Anna Maria ; 

b. July 10 ; bap August 17, 1753 ; 

sp. parents. 
Ramster, Friederich, s. Johann Jiirg and Margretha ; 

b. July 9 ; bap. July 18, 1753. 
Stoonman, (Stoneman) George, s. Mr. and Elisabeth ; 

b. Feb. 16 ; bap. July 22, 1753, at Neshamony ; 

sp. parents. 
Lviegle, Augustinus, s. Andreas and Catharina ; 

b. August 7 ; bap. August 19, 1753, at Neshamony ; 

sp. parents. 
Van Horn, Antje, of Gerhard and Maria ; 

b. Jan. 7 ; bap. July 22, 1753, at Neshamony ; 

sp. parents. 
Holl, Maria Catherina, dr. Heinrich and Margretha ; 

b. March 4 ; bap. April 25, 1753 ; 

sp. Maria Catharina Runckelin. 
Van Horn, Hanna, dr. Benjamin and Rachel ; 

bap. August 19, 1753, ^t Neshamony, aged 2 yrs., 9 mos.,6 ilays. 
" " Johannes, s. 

b. Jan. I ; bap. August 19, at Neshamony ; 

sp. parents. 
Maurer, Johann Heinrich, s. Peter and Anna Sophia ; 

b. June 19 ; bap. Sept. 20, 1753 ; 

sp. Johann Heinrich Conrad and wife. 
Miiller, Johann Heinrich, s. Heinrich and Susanna Margretha ; 

b. August 16 ; bap. Sept. 30, 1753 ; 

sp. Valentin Schellig and Magdalena Reinarin. 
Schilling, Johann Conrad, Johannes and Anna Maria ; 

b. August 6 ; bap. Oct. 14, 1753 ; 

sp. Johann Conrad Clem. 



214 



The Peni2sylvama-Germa7i Society. 



Heiser, Maria, dr. Valentin (deceased") and Anna ; 

b. Dec. 26, 1742 ; bap. Oct. 14, 1743 ; 

sp. Heinrich Melchior Muhlenberg and wife Anna Mariaj 

Nani Haurin. 
Lazarus, Christian Martha, dr. Jacob and Christian ; 

bap. Oct. 28, 1753 ; 

sp. Hans Jurg Gansle and wife Martha. 
Bayer, Philip, s. Philip and Anna Elisabeth ; 

bap. Oct. 28, 1753 ; 

sp. Philip Haubert and IMargretha Eshardin (both single). 
Silber, Jiirg, 

" Elisabeth, twins Johann Jiirg and Elisabeth ; 

bap. Oct. 28, 1753 ; 

sp. Jacob Schmid (single) Elisabeth Rumetpfen. 
Seidel, Maria Barbara,dr. John Nicolaus and Maria Barbara ; 

b. Nov. 19 ; bap. Nov. 27, 1753 ; 

sp. Anna Barbara Geigerin, dr. of Valentine. 
Strauss, Johann Heinrich s. Joh. Jacob and Barbara ; 

b. Oct. 30 ; bap. Nov. 27, 1753 ; 

sp. Johan Heinrich Hartman, Maria Magdal : Conradin (both 

single) 
Voss, Barbara, dr. Adam and wife ; 

b. April 7, 1731 ; bap. Nov. 28, 1753, after previous instruc- 
tion ; 

sp. Hans Jiirg Boger and wife Barbara, Anna Maria Miihlen- 

berg and Margretha Weiser. 
Muhlenberg, Gotthilf Heinrich Ernst, s. Henry Melchior and Anna 

Maria ; 

b. Nov. 17 ; bap Dec 4, 1753 ; 

sp. Heinrich Keple, Herr Heinzelman. 
Reiser, Johan Georg, s. Friedrich and Catharina ; 

b. Oct. 28 ; bap. Dec. 23, 1753 ; 

sp. Michael Essig and wife Justina Catharina. 
Braun, Johan Peter, s Jacob and Margretha ; 

b. Dec. 19 ; bap. Dec. 24, 1753 ; 

sp. Peter Hardt and wife Anna Maria. 
Anno 1754. 
Rehkopf, Heinrich, s. Friedrich and wife ; 

b. Dec. 4, 1753 ; bap. Feb. 7, 1754 ; 

sp. Heinrich Pieterman (Ref.) and wife Maria Anna. 
Carl, Catharina, dr. Johannes and late Catherina Elisabeth ; 

b. Jan. 27 ; bap. Feb. 10, 1754 ; 
sp. N Carl and wife ; 



The Trappe Records. 



215 



7ung, Catharina, dr. Joh. Peter and Maria Magdalena ; 

bap. Feb. 19, 1754, age 9 weeks ; 

sp. Joh. Nicol Strauch, Catharina and Margretha Fadin. 
Ohmacht, Friedrich, s. Friedrich and Catharina Sophia ; 

b. Dec. 29, 1753 ; bap Feb. 19, 1754 ; 

sp. Friedrich Staud and wife Christina ; 
Heilmann, Johann Heinrich, s. Johannes and Anna Maria ; 

b. Jan. 20 ; bap. Feb. 19, 1754 ; 

sp. Heinrich Heilman and wife Anna Maria. 
Croesman, Anna Margretha, dr. Johan and Anna Margretha ; 

b. Feb. 5 ; bap. March 17, 1754 ; 

sp. Christina IMuhlhanin. 
Becker, Catharina, dr. Peter and Elisabeth ; 

b. Jan. I ; bap. March 17, 1754 ; 

sp. Mother. 
Buch, Anna Margretha, dr. Johan Nicol and Anna Maria ; 

b. Oct. 3, 1753 ; bap. March 17, 1754 ; 

sp. Maria Miihlenbergin. 
Hart, Johann Michael, s. Peter and Anna Maria ; 

b. May 5 ; bap. May 26, 1754 ; 

sp. Johann Michael Reyer, Junior, and Anna Margretha 

Miillerin. 
Blocklin, Johann David, s. Martin and Catherina ; 

b. Jan 19 ; bap. June 26, 1754 ; 

sp. Johan David Scheyhing and wife Cather. Elisab. 
Heilman, Sarah and Anna, twins Henrich and Anna Maria ; 

b May 4 ; bap. May 28, 1754 ; 

sp. Anna Burkin nee^ Hanin. 
Clauser, Johann Jiirg, s. Jurg and Susannah ; 

b. Feb. 21 ; bap. May 28, 1754 ; 

sp. Johannes Berend and wife Maria (both Ref ). 
Sauer, Catharina, dr. Friedrich and Anna Margretha ; 

b. March 24 ; bap. June 9, 1754 ; 

sp. Elisabetha Schmidtin and parents. 
Angel, Johannes, s. Philip and Anna Maria ; 

b. March 24 ; bap. August 3, 1754 ; 

sp. parents, as witness Michael Walther. 
Hommel, Johan Peter, s. Heinrich and Ursula ; 

b. Sept. ir ; bap. Sept. 14, 1754 , 

sp. Heinrich Balthaser Spitznagel and wife Maria Ursula. 
Hartenstein, Maria Elisabeth, dr. Ludwig and Catherina ; 

b. June 6 ; bap. Sept. 14, 1754 ; 

sp. parents. 



2I6 



The Pennsylvania-German Society. 



Custer, Immanuel, s. Nicolaus and Susanna Margretha ; 

b. Sept. 29 ; bap. Oct. 28, 1754 ; 

sp. parents and gr. mother widow Hoppin. 
Marsteller, Friedrich, s. H enrich and Barbara ; 

b. Nov. 12 ; bap. Dec. 9, 1754; 

sp. Friedrich Croesman and wife Susannah. 
Davis, Elisabeth, dr. Simon and Margretha ; 

b. Oct 6 ; bap. Dec. 9, 1754 ; 

sp. Barbara, widow Marstellerin. 
Conrad, Maria Elesabeth, dr. Henrich and Magdalena ; 

b. Nov. 22 ; bap. Dec. 17, 1754 ; 

sp. Maria Elisabeth Conradin. 
Kress, Friedrich, s Jacob and Magdalena ; 

b. Oct. 27 ; bap. Dec. 17, 1754 ; 

sp. Friedrich Staut and wife Christina. 
Heineman, Catharina Margretha, dr. Heinrich and Barbara ; 

b. Nov. 7 ; bap. Dec 17, 1754 ; 

sp. Friedrich Zehrfass and wife Barbara. 
Allman, Johann Nicolaus, s. Henrich and Engel Catharina ; 

bap. Dec. 17, 1754, age 4 weeks, 3 days ; 

sp. Johan Nicol Schmoll and wife. 
Hofman, Philip, s. Adam and Christina ; 

b. Oct. II ; bap. Dec. 17, 1754 ; 

sp. Philip Wentz and wife. 
Ickes, Anna Maria, dr. Johannes and Christina ; 

b. Oct. 2 ; bap. Dec. 17, 1754. 

Anno 1755. 

Martini, Johan Friedrich, s. Christian Friedrich and Rosina Barbara ; 

b. Nov. 25, 1754 ; bap. Jan 2, 1755 ; 

sp. Rev Jacob Friedrich Schertel (Schertlin) V D. M. and 

wife Christina, Henrich M. Muhlenberg and wife Anna 

Maria 

[Note — Maertens (Martini) a Son-in-law of Rev Schertlin.] 
Becker, Anna Christina, da. Peter and Elisabeth ; 

b. Feb. 8 ; bap. Feb. 16, 1755 ; 

sp. Jacob Mil ler and wife Christina. 
Channel, Joseph, s. Jeremias and Anna ; 

b. Dec. 15, 1754 ; bap. Feb ii, 1755 ; 

sp. Mr. John Campbel and wife. 
Beck, Heinrich Balthaser, s. Johan Thomas and Anna Margretha • 

b. Feb. 10 ; bap. March 12, 1755 ; 

sp. Henrich Balthaser Spitznagel and wife Maria Ursula. 



The Trappe Records. 



217 



Bauer, Elisabeth, dr. Adam and Maria Catherina ; 

b. Feb. 4 ; bap. March 14, 1755 ; 

sp. Lorentz Reinars wife Elisabeth. 
Setzler, Margretha, dr. Friedrich and Elisabeth ; 

b. March 20 ; bap. April 10, 1755 ; 

sp. parents and gr. father Philip Setzler. 
Peterman, Jacob, s Jacob and Maria Anna ; 

b. St. Thomas day, 1754 ; bap. April 13, 1755 ; 

sp. Michael Noll and wife Barbara. 
Muller, Jacob, s. Anthon and Catharina ; 

b Jan. 22 ; bap. March 22, 1755 ; 

sp. Joh. Jacob Krug and Anna Maria Wirthin (both single). 
Schmid, Gertraut, dr. Jacob and Anna Maria ; 

b. Dec. 27, 1754 ; bap. March 22, 1755 ; 

sp. Gertraut Spitznagelin, dr. Balthaser. 
Syly, Sarah, dr. Samuel and Mary ; 

bap. April 23, 1755, age 13 months ; 

sp. Abraham de Haven and wife. 
Jost, Friedrich, s. Conrad and Anna Maria 

b. April 6, ; bap. April 21, 1755 ; 

sp. Friedrich Martini Med. Doc. and wife. 
Schrack, Johann Georg, s Jacob and Maria Elisabeth ; 

b April 25 ; bap. May i, 1755 ; 

sp. Johan George Croesman and wile, in Indian field. 
Wacker, Anna Maria, dr. Georg Leonhard and Maria Margretha ; 

b. Sep 23, 1754 ; bap. May 11, 1755 ; 

sp. Anna Maria Schmidin 
Fetzer, Rahel. wiie ot Friedrich ; 

bap. at Neshaminy after e.xamination May 11, 1755, 

witness, Jost. Van Buschkerk, Jacobus Van Buschkerk. 
" Susannah, dr. Friedrich and Rahel ; 

bap. at Neshaminy, May 11, 1755, age 13 months ; 

sp. parents. 
Kaiser, Anna Maria, dr. Joh. Leonhard and Catherina ; 

b. Feb. 26 ; bap. May 11, 1755, at Neshaminy ; 

sp. Johann Philip Reinhard and wife Anna Maria. 
Ebele, Johan Leonhard, s Christian and Wilhelmina ; 

b. March 22 ; bap. May 11, 1755 at Neshaminy ; 

sp. Joh. Leonhard Keiser and wife Catherina. 
Sperr, Anna Christina, dr. Johanna Philip and Dorothea ; 

bap. May 20, 1755, at Shippach, age 4 mos. 12 d. 

sp. Benedict Gerber, Christina Heilmanin (both single). 



2i8 The Pen7isylvania-Gernian Society. 

Neubecker, Johann Philip, s. Martin and Margretha ; 

b. March 4 ; bap. May 20, 1755, at Shippach ; 

sp Philip Sperr and wife Dorothea. 
Maria Barbara, dr Bernhard and Catherina ; 

b. March 10 ; bap. May 20, 1755, at Shippach ; 

sp. Johann Nicolaus Seidel and wife Barbara. 
Gassinger, Susanna, dr. Hans Jiirg and Gertraut ; 

b. April 24; bap. May 20, 1755, at Shippach ; 

sp. Nicolaus Smell and wife- 
Guldy, Jacob, s. Gallus and Anna Maria ; 

b Feb. 5 ; bap. May 20, 1755, at Shippach ; 

sp. Andreas Klein and wife Barbara. 
Horner, Elisabeth, dr. Christian and Barbara ; 

b. May 9 ; bap. June 8, 1755 ; 

sp. Maria Magdalina Krebsin. 
Miiller, Johann Jacob, s. Jacob and Christina ; 

b. May 23 ; bap. June 8, 1755 ; 

sp. Johann Jacob Ottenbach, Anna Margretha Miillerin. 
Rahl, Maria Catherina, dr. Caspar and Jane ; 

b. Jan. 9, 1754 ; bap June 16, 1755 ; 

sp. Henrich Muhlenberg and wife Ann Maria, also the 

mother. 
Illegitimate Mary, dr. Archibald Steward and Elesabeth Rahl, Caspar's 

single dr. ; 

b. Jan. 8, 1753 ; bap. June 16, 1755 ; 

sp. Robert Smith the Schoolmaster and Mary Evans. 
Koiler, Johannes, s. Johannes and Eva ; 

b. Dec. 18, 1754; bap June 19, 1755 ; 

sp. Daniel Koiler and Cath. Meyerin, (both single.) 
Schrack, Johan George, s. Jacob and Maria Elesabeth ; 

b. April 25 ; bap. May i, 1755 ; 

sp. Johann Georg Crossman and wife Eva, in Indian field. 
Hostant, Daniel, s. Christian ; 

b. March 10; bap. June 22, 1755 ; 

sp. Daniel Leebring. 
Hellyer, Barnard, s. Stoanman and Alice ; 

b. Oct. 23, 1754 ; bap. May 11, 1755 ; 

sp. parents, both servants, at Neshaminy. 
Rose, Abraham, s. Arnd and Hedewig ; 

b. June II ; bap. June 22, 1755 ; 

sp. Abraham Merckel and wife. 



The Trappe Records. 219 

Leesman, Maria, dr. Johannes and Elesabeth ; 

b. Sept. 24, 1754 ; bap. June 25, 1755, at Neshaminy ; 

sp. Henrich Sump and wife. 
Van Horn, Elisabeth, dr. Benjamin and Rachel ; 

b. March 8 ; bap. June 22, 1755 ; 

sp. parents. 
Tharp, Elisabeth, dr. Moses and Margret ; 

bap. June 22, 1755, age 18 months ; 

sp. Andreas Hitzer and wife Elisabeth. 
Rose, Johannes, s. Christoph and Martha ; 

b. Nov. 16, 1754; bap. June 22, 1755 ; 

sp. parents. 
Sommer, Maria Catharina, dr. Johan Jurg and Anna Barbara ; 
' b. April 28 ; bap. June 22, 1755 ; 

sp. Anna Maria Mastin, widow. 
Spitznagel, Catharina Barbara, dr. Balthaser and Maria Ursula ; 

b. Sept. 15 ; bap. Dec. 10, 1755. 
Anno 1756. 

Krieger, Anna Catharina, dr. Caspar and Catharina ; (both Catholic.) 

b Sept. 7, 1755 ; bap. Jan. 18, 1756 ; 

sp. Conrad Josts wife Anna Maria. 
Hofman, Hanna Catharina, dr. Jacob and Anna Maria ; 

b Feb. 7 ; bap. Feb. 15, 1756 ; 

sp. Hanna Sezlerin. 
Flohr, Christoph, s. Johan Georg and Maria Catharina ; 

b. Feb. 4; bap Feb. 14, 1756; 

sp. Christoph Rabe and wife. 
Riiger, Wilhelm, s. Jacob and Anna Elisabeth ; 

b. Feb 12 ; bap. Feb. 14, 1756 ; 

sp. Wilhelm Riiger and wife. 
Kasebier, Esther, dr. Gottfried and Agnes ; 

b. April 14, 1754; bap. Feb. 24, 1756. 
Kasebier, David ; 

b. Jan. 7 ; bap. Feb. 24, 1756 ; 

sp. Daniel Hummelsdorf and wife Elisabeth. 
Croesman, Daniel, s. George and Anna Margretha ; 

b. Feb. II ; bap. Feb. 29, (756 ; 

sp. Daniel Marsteller. 
Ohemacht, Susanna, dr. Friedrich and Catharina ; 

b. Feb. 10 ; bap. March i, 1756 ; 

sp. Heinrich Miiller and wife. 



220 



The Penjtsylvania-German Society. 



Croesman, Johannes, s. Joh. Nicol and Elisabeth (a Meiionite) 

bap. March 17, 1756, aged 8 months ; 

sp. Hans Jiirg Croesman and wife (Grandparents) 
Bauman, Johan Jacob, s. Jacob and Anna Margretha ; 

b. Jan. I ; bap. April 11, 1756 ; 

sp. Jacob Kalb and father Martin. 
Kebner, Anna Elisabeth, dr. Joh Jiirg and Elisabeth ; 

b. Dec. 26, 1755 ; bap. April 11, 1756 ; 

sp. Elisabeth Haasin. 
Bush, Christina, dr. Nicholaus and Anna Maria ; 

b. March 7 ; bap. April 11, 1756 ; 

sp. Michael Bahrts' wife Christina. 
Leonhard, Magdalena, dr. Joh Michael and Elisabeth ; 

b. Feb. 29 ; bap. April 11, 1756 ; 

sp. Jiirg Michael Bastian and wife Magdalena. 
Rupp, Johannes, s. Martin and Anna ; 

b. Feb. 27 ; bap. April 19, 1756 ; 

sp. Jacob Roller and wife Margretha. 
Bastian, Christina, dr. Jiirg Michael and Maria Magdalena ; 

b. March 4 ; bap. April 9, 1756 ; 

sp. Christoph Herpel and Christina Krebsin, (both single.) 
Heilman, Margretha, dr. Henrich and Anna Maria ; 

b. March i ; bap. April 25, 1756 ; 

sp. Johannes Schmied, Margretha Parsin, (both single.) 
Beyer, Andreas, s. Phillip and Anna Elisabeth ; 

b. Dec. 17, 1755 ; bap. June 9, 1756 ; 

sp. Andreas Kratz, Maria Cath. Beyerin. 
Schraut, Juliana Catherina, dr. Johannes and Anna Gertraut ; 

b. Oct. 10, 1755 ; bap. May 9, 1756 ; 

sp. Jacob Kassler, Juliana Catherina Schmellin. 
Sauer, Johannes, s. Friedrich and Anna Margretha ; 

b. April 27 ; bap. June 6, 1756 ; 

sp. parents. 
Zimmer, Johan Georg, s. Conrad and Anna Elisabeth ; 

b. June 18 ; bap. July 4, 1756 ; 

sp. Hans Jurg Croesman and wife Eleonora. 
Marsteller, Johannes, s. Henrich and Barbara ; 

b. June 12 ; bap. July 4, 1756 ; 

sp. Johannes Heilmann and wife. 
Seidel, Friderica Dorothea, dr. Joh. Nicolaus and Maria Barbara ; 

b. July 7 ; bap. July 7, 1756; 

sp. Phillip Sperrs wife Dorothea. 



The Trappe Records. 



221 



Zehrfass, Dorothea, dr. Friedrich and Margretha ; 

b. May 23 ; bap. July 7, 1756 ; 

sp. Jacob Pfad and wife Dorothea 
Horner, Magdalena, dr. Christian and Barbara ; 

b. June 29 ; bap. Aug, i, 1756 ; 

sp. Johannes MarJe and wife Catharina. 
Schiittler, Maria Elesabeth, dr. Ludewig and Maria Barbara ; 

b. July 13 ; bap. Aug. 22, 1756 ; 

sp. Martin Kalb wife Maria Elisabeth. 
Strauch, Engel Catharina, dr. Joh. Nicol and Elisabeth ; 

b. April 4 ; bap. Aug. 29, 1756 ; 

sp. Charlotte Alleman, Frantz Klein. 
Becker, Susanna, dr. Peter and Elisabeth ; 

b. Sept. I ; bap Sept. 7, 1756 ; 

sp. Susanna Hermanin, Jurg Croesman and wife. 
Gassinger, Johan Philip, s. George and Gertraut ; 

b. June 18; bap. Aug. 29, 1756 ; 

sp. Johan Philip Schmell. ' 

Miiller, Catharina, dr. Georg and Christina ; 

b. July 27 ; bap. Sept. 12, 1756 ; 

sp. Catharina Steinin, Adam's dr. 
Stein, Johan Adam, dr. Adam and Catharina ; 

b. August 12 ; bap. September 12, 1756 ; 

sp. Conrad Miiller and wife. 
Kruber, Johan Nicolaus, s. Johannes and Eva ; 

b. Sept. 10; bap. Oct. 13, 1756 ; 

sp. Johan Nicolus Seidel and wife Barbara. 
Merckel, Maria, wife of Philip ; 

bap. Oct. 24, age 31 years ; 

witness, Jacob Merckel, Philip Merckel, Michael Walter 

the Schoolmaster and wife. 
Keemer, Elisabeth Ann, dr. James and Elisabeth ; 

b. July 19 ; bap. Nov. 11, 1756, at Readingtown ; 

sp. parents. 
Moser, Christian, s. Christian and Magdalena ; 

b. August 4; bap. Nov. 24, 1756 ; 

sp. parents. 
Merckel, Jacob, s. Philip and Maria, age 9 years. 
" Elisabeth, dr. age 7 years. 

" Daniel, age i year ; 

bap. Nov. 24, 1756, in presence of Congregation ; 

sp. parents. 



222 



The Pejmsvlvcinm-German Society. 



Merckel, Maria Barbara, dr. Abraham and Barbara ; 

bap. Nov. 24, 1756, age 10 weeks ; 

sp. Maria Barbara Heiserin. 
'' Georg, s. Isaac and Sarah ; 

bap. Nov. 24, 1756, aged i year ; 

sp. parents; 
Miiller, Johannes, s. Anthon and Catharina ; 

bap. Dec. 13, 1756, age 10 weeks ; 

sp Johannes Kalb. Maria Elisabeth Nollin. 
Fuchs, Anna Magdalena, dr Mathias and Magdalena ; 

b. Sept. 7 ; bap. Oct 24 ; 

sp. Balthaser Fuller and wife Anna. 
Joachim, Maria Elisabeth, dr. Jacob and Maria Christina ; 

b. Oct. 30 ; bap. Nov. 23, 1756 ; 

sp Jacob Schrack and wife Maria Elisabeth. 

Anno 1757. 

Heilman. Friedrich, s. Michael and Anna Maria ; 

b. Nov. 6, 1756 ; bap. Jan. i, 1757 ; 

sp. parents. 
du-Frene, Anna Catharina, dr. Peter and Eva ; 

b. Aug. 6, 1756 ; bap. Jan. i, 1757 ; 

sp. parents. 
Pawling, Maria Elisabeth, dr. Joseph and Elisabeth ; 

b. Oct. 5, 1756 ; bap. Jan. 5, 1757 ; 

sp. Anna Maria Muhlenberg and parents. 
Lutz, Johannes, s. Johannes and Anna Catharina ; 

bap. Jan. 16, 1757, age 16 weeks 4 days ; 

sp. Johannes Kessler and wife. 
Renn, Maria Catharina, dr. Michael and Salome ; 

b. Dec. 23, 1756 ; bap Jan. 24, 1757 ; 

sp. Catharina Krausin and Christina Peltzin. 
Conrad, Catharina, dr. Henrich and Magdalena ; 

b. Dec 31, 1756 ; bap. Feb. 9, 1757 ; 

sp. Philip Wentz and wife. 
Matthies, Johann Friedrich, s. Christian and Magdalena ; 

b. Dec. 8, 1756 ; bap. Feb. 9, 1757 ; 

sp. Friedrich Zehrfass and wife. 
Zoll, Anna Elesabeth, dr. Henrich and Margretha ; 

b. Jan. 4 ; bap. Feb. 9, 1757 ; 

sp. Anna Elisabeth Seidel. 



The Trappe Records. 



223 



Steil, Johannes, s. Jacob and Catharina ; 

b. Nov. 24, 1756 ; bap. Feb. 9, 1757 ; 

sp. Johannes Bunner. 
Zoll, Johan Jacob, s. Peter and Anna EHsabeth ; 

b. Dec. 28, 1756 ; bap. Feb. 9, 1757 ; 

sp. Jacob Zumbrodt and wife. 
Hofman, Anna Elisabeth, dr. Adam and Christina ; 

b. Nov. 8, 1756 ; bap. Feb. 9, 1757 ; 

sp. Anna Elisabeth Netterin. 
Strauss, Elisabeth, dr. Jacob and Barbara ; 

b. Jan. iS ; bap. Feb. 9, 1757 ; 

sp. Anna Elisabeth Seidel and Anthony Heilman, jun. 
Setzler, Hannah, dr. Friedrich and Elisabeth ; 

b. Feb. 8 ; bap. Feb. 13, 1757 ; 

sp. Hannah Setzlerin, sister to Mr. Friedrich Setzler. 
Hertle, Christian Friedrich, s. Jacob and Elisabeth ; 

bap. April 13, 1757, age 2 months ; 

sp. Christian Friedrich Martin, Med. pract. 
Hartenstein, Susanna, dr. X. Ludewig and Catharina ; 

b. Jan. II ; bap. May 22, 1757 ; 

sp. Hanna Catharina Henrichin. 
Diirr, Elisabeth, dr. Andreas and Magdalena ; 

b. April 18 ; bap. May 22, 1757 ; 

sp. William Schneider's wife Maria Elisabeth. 
Jungling, Valentin, s. Christian and Susanna ; 

bap. May 30, 1757, age 8 weeks this day ; 

sp. Valentin Scherer and parents. 
Martin, Catharina Elesaheth, dr. Christian Frederick (M. D.) and 

Rosina Barbara ; 

b. April 19 ; bap. June 5, 1757 ; 

sp. Herr Apothecar Schneider's wife Elesabeth and the 

Maiden Catharina Schertlin. 
Rapp, Eva Catharina, dr. Bernhard and Catharina (both reformed) ; 

b. April 13 ; bap June 12, 1757 ; 

sp. Peter Knorr's wife Eva Catharina. 
Schneider, Benjamin, s. Nicolaus and Magdalena ; 

b. May 10 • bap. June 5, 1757 ; 

sp Adam Protzman and wife. 
David, Esaia, s. John and Maria ; 

b. Oct. 18, 1756; bap. August 9, 1757; 

sp. parents. 



224 



The Pe7insylvania-Gernian Society. 



Umstadt, wife of Herman, dr. of Anthon and Margretha"Van.der-Sluis ; 

bap. August 1 8, 1757 ; 

witness, Widow Van-der-Sluis, Johan Pannebecker's wife 

etc. etc. 
Heim, Elisabeth, dr. Valentin and Jane ; 

b June 29, 1756 ; bap. August 14, 1757 ; 

sp. parents and wife's mother N. Rees. 
Stamp, Margretha, dr. Jurg and Maria Agnes ; 

b. March 20 ; bap. August 28, 1757 ; 

sp. Johan Georg Kastemier and Margretha Miillerin (both 

single.) 
Essig, Anna Catharina, dr. Anna Catharina and 

b. August 6 ; bap Sept 11, 1757 ; 

sp. George Essig's wife Anna Maria and parents. 
Geeler, Eva Maria, dr. Michael and Anna Margretha ; 

b. Sept 12; bap. Sept. 18, 1757; 

witness, Nicolaus Muller and wife Eva Maria. 
Jung, Catharina, dr. Christoph and Eva ; 

b. August 18; bap. Sept. 25, 1757 ; 

sp. Catharina Jungin. 
Dietz, Peter, s. Peter and Elenora ; 

b. Jan. 9; bap. Sept 25, 1757 ; 

sp. Peter Zoll and wife Elezabeth. 



Baptisms in New Jersey at Musquenickung and Raritan. 



Bock, 



Maria Magdalena, dr. Hans Jiirg and Christina ; 

b. March 15 ; bap. Sept. 28, 1757 ; 

sp. Jacob Metzger and wife Maria Anna Apollonia. 

Anna, dr. of William (deceased) and Submit ; 

b. May 23 ; bap. Oct. 4, 1757 ; 

sp. mother 

Esther, d. Joseph (deceased) and Charity ; 

b. May 10 ; bap. Oct. 4, 1757 ; 

sp. William Horn. 

Elisabeth, dr. William and Anna Margretha ; 

b. Jan. I, 1754 ; bap. Oct. 4, 1757 ; 

sp. parents. 
Meisinger, Anna, dr. Dietrich and Elizabeth ; 

b. Oct. 4. 1757; bap. last April ; 

sp. Jacob Street and wife Anna. 
Klotter, Wilhelm, s., Paul and Margretha ; 

b. Nov. 26, 1756 ; bap. Oct. 4, 1757 ; 

sp. Hans Jiirg Haas and wile Elesabeth Rose. 



Brown, 



Hof, 



Catem, 



The Trappe Records. 



225 



Peiiter, Elesabeth. dr. Johan and Johanna ; 

b. Dec. 13, 1756 ; bap. Oct 6, 1757 ; 

sp. parents. 
Schertz, Johannes, s. Jost and Johanna ; 

b. Sept. 27 ; bap. Oct. 5. 1757 ; 

sp. Johannes Schertz and wife Margretha. 

New Providence. 

Bahrt, Eva Margretha, dr. Peter and Catharina ; 

b. Sept. 28 ; bap. Oct. 9 1757 ; 

sp. Johannes Fleischer and wife Eva Margretha. 
Hart, Susannah, dr. Bernhard and Magdalena ; 

b. August 21 ; bap. Oct. 9, 1757 ; 

sp. Susannah Jost, dr. Conrad. 
Evans, nee Kendal, wife of George Evans ; 

bap. Nov. 10, 1757 ; age 40-50 years ; 

witness George Evans and family. 
Evans, Mary, dr. Enoch and Mary ; 

b. July 12 ; bap. Nov. 10, 1757 ; 

sp. parents and grandfather George Evans. 
Hoeck, Catharina, dr. Andreas and wife Anna (Kline) ; 

b. June 28 ; bap. Nov. 20, 1757 ; 

sp. Conrad Gauss and wife Catherina. 
Barth, Johan Jacob, s. Michael and Christina ; 

b. Oct. 5 ; bap. Nov. 29, (Noth-Taufe) 1757 ; 

sp. Joh. Nicolaus Bush, his brother-in-law. 
Landgraf, Johan Friedrich, s. Johannes and Regina ; 

bap. Dec. 4, 1757, age 2 months, 3 days ; 

sp. Friedrich Peuster, Anna Marg. Bauerin. 
Biihl, Johan Thomas, s Peter and Elesabeth ; 

b. July 16 ; bap. Dec. 4, 1757 ; 

sp. Thomas Dohm and wife Anna. 
Jost, Daniel, s. Conrad and Maria ; 

b. Nov. 4 ; bap. Dec 9, 1757 ; 

sp. Daniel Mertz and the Virgin Catherina Schertlin. 

Anno 1758. 

Croesman, Anna Magdalena, dr. Balthasar and Anna Maria ; 

b. Nov. II, 1757 ; bap. Feb. 2, 1758; 

sp. parents and gr. parents. 
Rose Henrich Christopher, s. Arnd and Dorothea Hedwig : 

b. Sept. 30, 1757 ; bap Feb. 4, 1758 ; 

sp. Henrich (Rev.) Muhlenberg and Christoph Rabe. 



2 26 The Pe7insylvania-German Society. 

Obelman, Georg Adam, s. Henrich and Magdalina ; 

b. Oct. 28, 1757 ; bap Feb. 5, 1758 ; 

sp. Georg Adam Heilman and wife Elisabeth. 
Fenner, Johan Henrich, s. Fehx and Maria Eva ; 

b. Feb. 13 ; bap. March i, 1758 ; 

sp. Joh. Henrich Fenner and wife Margretha. 
Van Horn, Bernhard, s. Richard and EHsabeth ; 

b. Jan. II ; bap March 5, 1758 ; 

sp. parents at Neshaminy. 
Van Doern, Wilhelmina, dr. Godfried and Charity ; 

b. July 23 ; bap. at Neshaminy March 5, 1758 ; 

sp Bernhard Van Horn and Wilhelmina Van Horn. 
Van Horn, Samuel, s. Benjamin and Rachel ; 

b. May 21 ; bap. at Neshaminy March 5, 1758 ; 

sp. parents. 
Bastian, Anna Maria, dr. Jiirg Michael and Magdalena ; 

b. Nov. 27, 1757 ; bap March 12, 1758; 

sp. Jiirg Nicolaus Wehner, wife Anna Maria. 
Croesman, Johan Adam, s. Johan Georg and Anna Margretha ; 

b. Feb. 16; bap. March 12, 1758; 

sp. Herr Johannes Fleischer and wife Eva Margretha. 
Gmelin, Abraham, s. Christian and Christina ; 

b. Dec. 5, 1757 ; bap. March 26, 1758 ; 

sp. Abraham DeHaven and wife ReDecca. 
Schreier, Johan Jacob, s. Leonhard and Catharina ; 

b. Feb. 26 ; bap. April 9, 1758 ; 

sp. Joh. Jacob Schmit and wife Eva. 
Horner, Anna Barbara, dr. Christian and Barbara ; 

b. March 17 ; bap. April 15, 175S ; 

sp parents. 
Rabanus, Eva Maria, dr. Joh. Balthasar and Elizabeth ; 

b. March 31 ; bap. April 13. 175S ; 

sp. Christophel Miller and Eva Maria IMiillerin. 
Miinch, INIargreta, dr. Melchior and Catharina ; 

bap. April 13, 1758 ; b. January 24, 1757 ; 

sp Joh. Peter Durstmeier, Margretha Miillerin. 
Butterwerck, Johannes s. Johannes and Anna Sophia ; 

b. August 25, 1755 ; bap. March 29, 1758 ; 
" Joseph, s. b. May 19, 1757 ; bap. March 29 ; 

sp. parents. 
Klackner, Jacobina Margretha, dr. Johannes and Anna Elisabeth 

bap. April 17, 1758, age 7 weeks ; 

sp. Jacob Wagner and wife Anna Margretha ; 



The Trappe Records. 227 

Flauer, Anna Margreth, dr. Johan Jiirg and Maria Catharina ; 

bap. April 17, 1758, age 7 weeks ; 

sp. Christoph Rabens and wife Anna Margretha. 
Bechel, Anna Maria, dr. Jacob and Maria Catherina ; 

b. March 17 ; bap. April 17, 1758 ; 

sp. Philip Hirsh and wife Anna Maria. 
Rahn, Johannes, s. Caspar and Barbara ; 

b. March 29 ; bap. May 21, 1758 ; 

sp. parents. 

Baptized June 17, 1758, in New Jersey, in the Church on the 
Raritan, After Previous Instruction : 

Hendershut, Priscilla, dr. of William Philips, wife of Peter Hendershut \ 

bap. June 17, 1758, age 24 years. 
Philips, Elisabeth, dr William and ; 

bap. June 17, 1758, age 19 years. 
Smith, Christina, dr. Jabez and ; 

bap. June 17, 1758, age 21 years. 
Towardton, Catharina, dr. James and ; 

bap. June 17, 1758, age 20 years. 
Smith, Helena, dr. Jabez and , wife of N. Bauman ; 

bap. June 17, 1758. 

"New Providence," 

Schlatz, Johan Adam, s. Friedrich and Rosina ; 

b. April 25 ; bap. August 26. 1758 ; 

sp. Anna Magdalena Fiirstnerin and parents. 
Ganser, Johannes, s Johannes and Christina ; 

b. Dec. 28, 1757 ; bap. Sept. i, 1758 ; 

sp. parents. 
Bredo, Catharina Dorothea, dr Martin and Dorothea ; 

b. May 7 ; bap. June 18, 175S ; 

sp. Leonhard Schreyer and wife Catharina. 
Haupt, Anna Maria, dr. Sebastian and Catharina ; 

b. April 26 ; bap. July 30, 1758 . 

sp. Lorentz Hippel and wife Anna Maria. 
Keiler, Maria Dorothea, dr. Johannes and Eva ; 

b. May 6 ; bap. July 30, 1758 ; 

sp. Maria Dorothea Keilerin. 
Horner, Elizabeth, dr. Michael and Maria ; 

b. June 4 ; bap. August 13, 1758 ; 

sp. Michael Schwartz and wife Elisabeth. 



228 



The Pennsylvania-German Society. 



Bunn, Johan Jacob, s. Johannes and Euphronia ; 

b. July 14 ; bap. August 27, 1758 ; 

sp. Jacob Conrad and Margretha Henrichin. 
Marsteller, Catharina, dr. Henrich and Barbara ; 

b. August 12 ; bap. August 27, 1758; 

sp. Catharina Heilmanin, Johannes (single dr.) 
Muhlenberg, Johan Enoch Samuel, s. Rev. H Melchior and Anna Maria; 

b. August 21 ; bap. Sept. 7, 1758 ; 

sp. Rev. Johan Helfreich Schaum, Enoch Miiller, Weighard's 

son, Michael Weichel, Sam. Weiser. 
Kelly, Anna, dr. Laurentz and Jane ; 

b. March 10; bap. Sept. 16, 1758 ; 

sp. parents. 
Klauser, Susanna, wife of Jiirg ; 

bap. Sept. 24, 1758, age 26 years ; 

witness, Anna Maria Miihlenberg. 
" Johan Edward, s. Jiirg and Susanna ; 

b. May 25 ; bap. Sept. 24, 1758 ; 

sp. parents. 
Sauer, Friedrich and Anna Margretha ; 

(no dates) sp. Elisabet, widow Schmidin. 
Ludewig, Johan Heinrich, s. Johan Wilhelm and Maria Eva ; 

bap. Sept. 24, 1758 ; 

sp. Johan Heinrich Moses and wife Philippina. 
Zingler, Maria Elisabeth, dr. Zacharias and Anna Maria; 

b. March 21 ; bap. April 2, 1758 ; 

sp. Salomon Westle and wife Maria Elisabeth. 
Dressier, Friedrich, s. Jiirg and Catharina ; 

bap. Oct 22, 1758 ; 

sp. Friedrich Marsteller. 
Ickes, Abraham, s. Johannes and Christina ; 

b. August 30 ; bap. Oct. 22, 1758 ; 

sp. Abraham Merckel and wife. 
Kessler, Susanna, dr. Johannes and Dorothea ; 

b. Sept 9 ; bap. Oct. 22, 1758 ; 

sp. Susanna Jiingling. 
Schaum, Johann Melchior, s. Rev. Johan Helfreich and 

b. Oct. 16 ; bap. October 29, 175S ; 

sp. Henrich Melchior Muhlenberg and wife Anna Maria. 
Reichard, Anna Maria, illegitimate child of Wilhelmina Christina 

Ottermanin and Reichard of Lancaster ; 

bap. Dec. 2, 1758, age 9 months ; [Appelin. 

witness Wilhelm Bausman's wife and Maria Catharina 



The Trappe Records. 



229 



Scherer, Johannes, s. Valentin and Maria ; 

b. Oct. II ; bap. Nov. 5, 1758 ; 

sp. parents. 
Kitler, Catharina, dr. Johannes and Elisabeth ; 

b. July 6 ; bap. Dec. 17, 1758, on occasion of the dedication 

of the school house at Berny (Barren?) Hill ; 

sp. Michael Selig (schoolmaster) and wife Johanna. 

Anno 1759. 

Getter, Christina, dr. Carl and Catharina ; 

b. June 17, 1758; bap. Jan. 28, 1759; 

sp. Christian Gmalin wife Christina. 
Linderman, Conrad, s. Martin and Christina ; 

b. Jan. 12 ; bap. Feb. 18. 1759; 

sp. Conrad Maurer (single) and Agnes Maurerin. 
Stein, Catharina, dr. Adam and Catharina ; 

b. Jan. 5 ; bap. March 15, 1759 ! 

sp. Adam Mosis and wife Catharina. 
Borts, Sarah, dr. Thomas and Sara ; 

b. April 2, 1757 ; bap. March 15, 1759 ; 

sp. Conrad Zolner and wife. 
Weichard, Elisabeth, dr. George and Magdalena ; 

b. Sept. 22, 1757 ; bap. Nov. 18, 1757 ; 

sp. Elisabeth Reinhardin, Barbara Wickardin. 
'* Anna Barbara ; 

b. Feb. 10 ; bap. March 25, 1759 ; 

sp. Anna Barbara Wickhardin. 
Leonhard, Anna Barbara, dr. Michael and Elisabeth ; 

b. Feb. 16; bap. March 25, 1759 ; 

sp. Anna Barbara Wickhardtin. 
Marks, Eobert, s. Robert and Anna ; (John Pawlings niger.) 

b. Dec. I, 1758 ; bap. April 8, 1759 ! 

sp. parents. 
Schilling, Johann Willhelm, s. Johannis and Anna Maria ; 

b. Feb. 20 ; bap. April 22, 1759 ; 

sp. Maria Hannetta Willhelmina Bohmin. 
Miesemer, Catharina, dr. Jacob and Anna Margretha ; 

b. Feb. 2 ; bap. May 6, 1759 ; 

sp. Johannes Sieler and wife Catharina. 
Tiingling, Susanna, dr. Christian and Susanna ; 

b. Oct. 18, 1758 ; bap. May 6, 1759 ; 

sp. Johannes Kessler and wife Dorothea. 



230 



The Pennsylvania-Germmi Society. 



Busch, Johan Jacob, s. Johan Nicolaus and Anna Maria ; 

b. Feb. 21 ; bap. May 6, 1759 ; 

sp. Jacob Schrack and wife Maria Elisabeth. 
Lehr, Catharina, dr. Nicolaus and Anna Maria ; 

b. Feb. 26 ; bap. May 6, 1759 ; 

sp. Johannes Lutz's wife Catharina. 
Gerber, Johan Heinrich, s. Benedict and Dorothea ; 

b. Feb. 3 ; bap. May 6, 1759 ; 

sp. Johannes Boyer. 
Frankenberger, Johan George, s Conrad and Catharina ; 

b. April 8 ; bap. May 6, 1759 ; 

sp. Johan Philip Weichel and Jiirg Kugler's, dr. 
Geis, Jacob, s. Johan Nicol and Elisabeth ; 

b. Feb. 14 ; bap. at New Hanover, April 15, 1759 ; 

sp. Jacob Diirr. 
Schwartz, Johan Michael, s. Michael and Elisabeth ; 

b. March 6; bap. March 11, 1759 ; 

sp. Michael Hiirner and wife Maria. 
Jung, Anna Elisabeth, dr. Carl and Elisabeth ; 

b. Jan. 29 ; bap. May 20, 1759 ; 

sp. Thomas Thim and wife Anna. 
Fenchel, Anna Cunigunda, dr. Simon and Apollonia ; 

b. April 15 ; bap. May 20, 1759 ; 

sp. Anna Cunigunda, widow Franckin. 
Dietz, Thomas, s. Thomas and Clara ; 

b. Feb. 28 ; bap. May 20, 1759 ; 

sp. Frantz Harbach, Elisabeth Kiihlthavin. 
Fritz, Sarah, wife of Johannes Fritz and dr. of Thomas Wilberham; 

and Mary, (dec.) 

bap. May 20, 1759, aged 22 years ; 

witness, her husband and Mary Muhlenberg. 
Jung, Georg, s. Christophorus and Eva ; 

b. May 4 ; bap. June 17, 1759 ; 

sp. Georg Essig and wife Anna Maria. 
Matthies, Christian, s. Christian and Magdalena ; 

b. Dec. 8, 1758 ; bap. June 3, 1759 ; 

sp. Christoph Essig and Barbara Zillingen. 
Schieb, Johan Jacob, s. Adam and Catharina ; 

b. Nov. 9, 1758 ; bap. June 3, 1759 ; 

sp. Johan Jacob Burgk. 
Zimmerman, Johannes, s. Peter and Anna Maria ; 

b. Dec. 13, 1758 ; bap. June 3, i759 ; 

sp. Johannes Fleisher and wife Margretha. 



The Trappe Records. 



231 



Fleischer, Maria Elisabeth, dr. Johannes and Eva Margretha ; 

b. May 18 ; bap. June 3, 1759 ; 

sp Eva Elisabeth Miihlin. 
Fuchs, Anna Margretha, dr. Matthias and Anna Magdalena ; 

b. May 20 ; bap. August 5, 1759 ; 

sp. Christoph Geist and wife Anna Margretha. 
Rieser, Maria, dr. Friedrich and Catharina ; 

b. May 20 ; bap. August 26, 1759 ; 

sp. Thomas Geringer and wife Catharina. 
Mohr, Thomas, s. Andreas and Anna Catharina ; 

b. August 25 ; bap. Oct. 7, 1759 ; 

sp. Thomas Thiem and wife 

Bastian, Johann Michael, s. Georg Michael and Maria Magdalena ; 

b. August 13 ; bap. Oct. 7, 1759 ; 

sp. Michael Bastian and wife. 
Schneider, Johannes, s. Jacob and Christina ; 

b. Feb. 30, [sic] bap. Oct. 7, 1759 ; 

sp. Johannes Heilman and wife. 
Schrack, Henrich Israel, s. Jacob and Maria Elisabeth ; 

b. August 23 ; bap. Oct. 7, 1759 ; 

sp. Rev. Henrich Muhlenberg and wife Anna Maria. 
Martins, Wilhelmina Friderica Barbara, dr. Herr Friedrich and wile 

Rosina Barbara ; 

b. Sept. 12 ; bap. Oct 9, 1759 ; 

sp. Herr Wm. Graaf 's wife Barbara 
Voss, Johan Hartman, s. Johan Heinrich and Elisabeth ; 

b. Sept. 21 ; bap. Nov. 4, 1759 ; 

sp. John Hartman Haas and wife. 
Landgraf, Catharina Elisabeth, dr Johannes and Regina ; 

b. Oct. 6 ; bap. Dec 2, 1759 ; 

sp. Elisabeth Reinarin. 
Schrack, Johan Abraham, s. Christian and Maria Margretha ; 

b Oct. 26; bap. Dec. 26, 1759; 

sp. Johannes Fleisher and wife Eva Margaret. 

Anno 1760. 

Essig, Johannes, s Georg and Anna Maria ; 

b. Dec 23, 1759 ; bap. Feb. 24, 1760; 

sp. parents. 
Blockle, Elisabeth, dr. Martin and Catharina ; 

b. Nov. 28, 1759 ; bap. March 9, 1760 ; 

sp Phillip Seinaar, wife Elisabeth. 



232 



The Pennsylva7iia-German Society. 



Getterer, Jacob, s. Carl and Catharina ; 

b. Jan. 29; bap March 23, 1760 ; 

sp. Jacob Gut. 
Obelman, Jacob, s. Henrich and Magdalena ; 

b. Feb. 16 ; bap. April 6, 1760 : 

sp. Jacob Gut, Margretha Jungin. 
Croesman, Friedrich, s. George and Anna Margretha ; 

b. April 8 ; bap. May 28, 1760 ; 

sp. Friedrich Setzler and wife. 
Harkenstein, Elias ; 

" Christina, twins of Ludewig and Catharina ; 

sp. Christina, step dr. of Hieronymus Haas and parents. 
Keiler, Johan Caspar, s. Daniel and Elisabeth ; 

b. Feb. 29 ; bap. May 26, 1760 ; 

sp. Caspar Grastner and wife Catharina. 
Conrad, Jacob, s. Jacob and Margretha ; 

b. Jan. 3 ; bap. June 15, 1760 ; 

sp. parents. 
Rahn, Elisabetha, dr. Caspar and Barbara ; 

b. March n ; bap June 29, 1760 ; 

sp. Friedrich Setzler and wile Elisabetha. 
Epler, Ehrhard, s. Ehrhard and Elisabeth ; 

b. May 11 ; bap. July 13, 1760 ; 

sp. Michael Zeller. 
Gmelin, Christian, s. Christian and Christina ; 

b. March 28 ; bap. June i. 1760 ; 

sp. Johan Christian Mey. 
Zimmerman, Eva Catharina, dr. Peter and Maria ; 

b. March 3 ; bap. June 15, 1760 ; 

sp. Herr Schnlmeister Johannes Fleisher and wife. 
Krug, Johan Michael, s. Michael and Dina ; 

b. July 6 ; bap. August to, 1760 ; 

sp. Michael Hertlein and wife Eva. 
Protzman, Johan Friedrich, s. Adam and Anna ; 

b. April 24 ; bap. August 10, 1760 ; 

sp. Nicolaus Schneider and wife Magdalena. 
Brandt, Elisabeth, dr. Michael and Johanetta ; 

b. Sept. 25 ; bap. Oct. 27, 1760; 

sp. widow Elisabeth Brandtin. 
Merckel, Hanna. dr. Philip and Maria ; 

b. Oct. 30, 1759; bap. August 10, 1760; 

sp. parents. 



The Trappe Records. 2S2f 

Dressier, Johannes, s George and Catharina ; 

b. May 24 ; bap. August 24, 1760 ; 

sp. Johannes Schill and wife Anna Maria. 

Diesman, wife of Henrich; 

bap. towards the end of July at her urgent request on her 

dying bed ; she had Quaker parents and has children. 
Blackington, Brichard, (Bridget) an English girl, aged 23 years old, 

raised by Mr. Diesman ; 

bap. August 24, 1760. 
Gebel, Richard ; 

" Catharina, his wife, both aged'; 

bap. Oct 14, 1760, at their urgent request. 
" William, s. Richard and Catharina ; 

b. Oct. 2 ; bap. Oct. 14, 1760 ; 

sp. Carl Rayer and wife Maria Elisabeth. 
Gerstenmeyer, Johan Christoph, s. Johan Georg and Anna Margretha ; 

b. August 10; bap. Oct. 5, 1760; 

sp. Johan Christoph and wife Margretha. 
Brandt, Magdalena, dr. Jacob and Hanna ; 

b. August 2 ; bap. Oct. 5, 1760; 

sp. Nicolaus Sch and wile Magdalena. 

Haarbach, Johannes, s. Frantz and Elisabeth ; 

b. August 14; bap. Oct. 19, 1760; 

sp. Johan Schloss. 
Eitel, Maria, dr. Johannes and Agnes ; 

b. March 24 ; bap. Oct. 19, 1760; 

sp. Gallers Guld 

Hofman, Barbara, dr. Adam and Christina ; 

b. Sept. 4 ; bap. Nov. 2, 1760 ; 

sp. Nicolaus Hofman and wife Barbara. 
Butterweck, Elisabeth, dr. Johannes and Anna Sophia ; 

b. Sept. 13 ; bap. Nov. 11, 1760 ; 

sp. parents. 
Muhlenberg, Johan Carl, s. Rev. Henrich and Anna Maria ; 

b. Nov. 18; bap. during the night ot Nov. 20, 1760; died 

Nov. 24, I o'clock a. m. ; 

Intended sponsor His Reverence Provost Wrangel de Saga. 
Cuningam, (Cuningham?) Elisabeth, dr. Robert and Hannah ; 

b. Oct. 14 ; bap. Dec 6, 1760 ; 

sp. Friedrich Setzler wife Elisabeth ; 
Witmeyer, Elisabeth, wife of Friedrich ; 

bap. Dec. 14, 1760, age 22 years ; 

was raised by Conrad Stamm. 



234 



The Pennsylvania-German Soaety. 



Schilling, Maria Catharina, dr. Johannes and Anna Maria 

b. Oct. 17 ; bap. Dec. 14, 1760 ; 

sp. Jiirg Dressier and Anna Catharina. 
Ickes, Anna Martha, dr. Johannes and Christina ; 

b. Nov. II ; bap. Dec. 25, 1760 ; 

sp. Adam Protzman and wife Anna Martha. 
Bun, Elisabeth, dr. Johannes and Euphrosina ; 

bap. Dec. 26, 1760, age 5 weeks ; 

sp. Laurentz Reinard's wife Elisabeth. 
Polich, Johann Peter, s. and Judith ; 

b. Nov. 23, 1759; bap. Dec. 26, 1760 ; 

sp. Peter Miiller and wile. 
Joachim, Daniel, s. and Christina ; 

b. Dec. 10, 1760 ; bap. Jan. i, 1761 ; 

sp. Daniel Marsteller, Maria Wagelsin. 
" Catharina, dr. 

b. Oct. 8, 1758; bap. Nov. 1758. 

Anno 1761. 

Umstadt, Anna, wife of Nicolaus ; (illegible) 

bap. Jan. 20, 1761. 
Davies, Roger, s. Elisha and Sarah ; 

b. August 13, 1760; bap. March 22, 1761 ; 

sp. parents and David Davies. 
Peterman, Johannes, s. Jacob and Maria Anna ; 

b. March 27 ; bap. April 3, 1761 ; 

sp. Jiirg Essig, Carl Rayers wife Elisabeth. 
Fobs, Johan Simon, s. Henrich and Elisabeth ; 

b. Dec. 7, 1760 ; bap. April 5, 1761 ; 

sp. Johan Simon Fenchel and wife Apollonia. 
Helm, Anna, wife of Jacob, nee Curbanin ; 

bap. April 7, 1761, age 20 years 
Scherer, Susanna ; 

" Barbara, twins of Valintin and Maria ; 

b. April 3 ; bap. April 12, 1761 ; 

sp. parents and many witnesses. 
Ehr, Rebecca, dr. Jacob and Maria ; 

b. March 18 ; bap. April 19, 1761 ; 

sp. Michael Siller, Margretha Herman. 
Robison, Jonathan, s. David and Eleonora ; 

b. Sept. 29, 1760 ; bap. April 19, 1761 ; 

sp. parents. 



The Trappe Records. 



235 



Kessler, Johannes, s. Johannes and Dorothea ; 

b. Feb. 9 ; bap. April 19, 1761 ; 

sp. parents. 
Kelly, William, s. Laurentz and jane ; 

b. Sept. 17, 1760 ; bap. April 25, 1761 ; 

sp. parents. 
Horner, Michael, s. Christian and Barbara ; 

b. April 27 ; bap. in Upper Dublin, April 30, 1761 ; 

sp. parents. 
Bastian, Philip Jacob, s. Jiirg Michael and Maria Magdalena ; 

b. May i ; bap. May 11, 1761 ; 

sp. Michael Bastian and wife Eva Maria (Grandparents.) 
Busch, Anna Margretha, dr. Nicolaus and Anna Marg. ; 

b. March 23 ; bap. May 3, 1761 ; 

sp. widow Anna Margretha Newhaus. 
Setzler, Elisabeth, dr. Friedrich and Elisabeth ; 

b. June 24 ; bap. July 12, 1761 ; 

sp parents. 
Winzenheller, Susanna, dr. Nicolaus and Anna Margretha ; 

b. June 29 ; bap. August 9, 1761 ; 

sp. John Adam Stock wife Susannah. 
Helm, Elisabeth, dr. Jacob and Anna ; 

b. June 6 ; bap. August 9, 1761 ; 

sp. Carl Rayer and wife Elisabeth. 
Pawling, Hannah, dr. Josua and Elisabeth ; 

b. 19 ; bap. August 9, 1761 ; 

sp. Mary and Elisabeth Muhlenberg. 
Rahn, George, s. Caspar and Barbara ; 

b. April 28 ; bap. August 9, 1761 ; 

sp. parents. 
Schwenck, Daniel, s. George and Veronica ; 

b. May 9 ; bap. August 9, 1761 ; 

sp. parents. 
Dismant, Benjamin, s. Henry and Elisabeth ; 

b. August 29, 1747 ; bap. Aug. 23, 1761. 
" Margret ; b. Nov. 29, i749- 

" John ; b. April 28, 1752. 

•' Elisabeth ; b. Sept. 18, 1755. 

All bap. August 23, 1761. 

sp. parents, Peter Miller and wife Catharina Elisabeth and 

Bridgard (Bridget) Blackington. 



236 



The Pcii7isylva7iia-German Society. 



Hesser, Johannes, s. Friedrich and Catharina ; 

b. August 10; bap. Sept. 6, 1761 ; 

sp. parents. 
Meissenheimer, Abraham, s. Jacob and Margretha ; 

b. July 10 ; bap. Sept. 20, 1761 ; 

sp. Johannes Sahler's wife. 
Witmeyer, Valentin, s. Friedrich and Elisabeth ; 

b. July 17 ; bap. Sept. 20, 1761 ; 

sp. Valentin Wangert, single, and Elisabeth Hartenstein. 
Gerber, Jacob, s. Benedict and Dorothea ; 

b. July 3 ; bap. Sept. 20, 1761 ; 

sp. parents. 
Marks, Margreth, dr. Robert and Anna ; (John Pawling's niger) 

b. August 28 ; bap. Sept. 20, 1761 ; 

sp. parents and other witness. 
Bergenthaler, Johanna Elisabeth, dr. Johannes and Susanna Elisabeth 

b. August 30 ; bap. Sept. 30, 1761 ; 

sp. Mr. Christoph Jacobi and wife Johanna Elisabeth. 
Unstatt, Mary, dr. Nicolaus and Anna ; 

b. Jan. 6 ; bap. Oct. 4, 1761 ; 

sp. Enoch Davies, Esq. and wife Catherine. 
Evans, Elisabeth, dr. Enoch and Mary ; 

b. March 27 ; bap Oct. 4, 1761 ; 

sp. parents. 
Howe, Levy, s. William and Hannah ; 

b. August II ; bap. Oct. 24, 1761 ; 

sp. parents. 
Straus, Johan Jacob, s. Jacob and Barbara ; 

b. Sept. 25; bap. Oct. 27, 1761 ; 

sp. Jacob Sumbrau wife Margretha. 
Ponitom, Elisabeth, dr. Henrich and Catherina ; 

b. Oct. 14 ; bap. Oct. 27, 1761 ; 

sp. Peter Zoll wife Susannah 
Eters, Anna Margretha, dr. Jacob and Magdalena ; 

b. Oct. 18; bap. Oct. 27, 1761 ; 

sp. parents. 
Sinner, Johannes, s. Henrich and Maria ; 

b. Sept. 27 ; bap, Oct 27, 1761 ; 

sp. Johannes Angst wife Euphronica. 
Matthias, Johan Peter, s. Christian and Magdalena ; 

b. July 15 ; bap. Oct 27, 1761 ; 

sp. Peter Schuk wife Catharina. 



The Trappe Records. 



2Z7 



Timanus, Henrich, s. Jacobus and Elisabeth ; 

b. Sept 19 ; bap. Oct. 27, 1761 ; 

sp. Henrich Muhlenberg, Helfrich Schaum, Jacobus Van 

Buskirk, Elisabeth Muhlenberg. 
Podaschwa, Elisabeth, dr. Wendel and Margretha ; 

b. Oct. 4; bap. Nov. 15, 1761 ; 

sp. Michael Hartlein's dr. Elizabeth. 

Concerning the interim, I, Henrich Muhlenberg, was in Philadelphia. 
Pastor Hartwick served here. 

Anno 1762 

Stahl, Magdalena, dr. Andreas and Magdalena ; 

b. March 31 ; bap. May 6, 1762, at Germantown ; 

sp. parents. 
Becker, Johannes, s. Johannes and Catharina Maria ; 

b. April I ; bap. May 6, 1762 ; (Germantown.) 

sp. Johannes Adolph and wife Margretha, 
Dressier, Johan Jacob, s. Jiirg and Catharina ; 

b. March 31 ; bap. May 16, 1762 ; 

sp. parents. 
Conrad, Joseph, s. Jacob and Margretha ; 

b. Nov. 15, 1761 ; bap. May 16, 1762 ; 

sp. Martin Conrad, Andreas Miiller dr. Maria. 
Keller, Jacob, s. Daniel and Elisabeth ; 

b. Feb. 10 ; bap. May 16, 1762 ; 

sp. Jacob Wein and wife. 
Schwartz, Friedrich, s. Michael and Elisabeth ; 

b. May 5 ; bap. May 16, 1762 ; 

sp. Friedrich Freund and wife. 
Guth, Jacob, s. George and Margretha ; 

b. Jan. 20 ; bap. May 16, 1762 ; 

sp. parents. 
Gerhard, Christina, dr. Peter and Margretha ; 

b. Jan. bap. May 16, 1762 ; 

sp. widow Christina Petzin, Samuel Runckel. 
Ketterer, Jacob, s. Carl and Catherina ; 

b Feb. 19 ; bap. May 16, 1762 ; 

sp. Jacob Peterman and wile Maria Anna. 
Essig, Anna Maria, dr. Georg and Maria ; 

b. Feb. II ; bap. June 27, 1762 ; 

sp. parents. 



238 



The Pennsylvania-Ger7naii Society. 



Illegitimate, David, s. David Miiller and Wench Margretha ; 

b. Dec. 15, 1761 ; bap. June 27, 1762 ; 

sp. Michael Krug and wife Jacobina. 
Bogner, Catharina, dr Tobias and Cornelia ; (Nelly) 

b. April 28 ; bap. June 27, 1762 ; 

sp. Paulus Brenner and wife Elisabeth. 
Martini, Christian Friedrich, s Herr Christian Friedrich and Rosina 

Barbara ; 

b. June 22 ; bap. July 23, 1762 ; 

sp. parents. ' 

witness, Mr Jacoby Buskerk, Ludewig Herpel and wife. 
Miiller, David, s. Andreas and Anna Maria ; 

b. June I ; bap. July 25, 1762 ; 

sp. mother ; witness, Nicolaus Schneider. 
Schrack, Daniel, s. Christian and Margretha ; 

b. May 28 ; bap. July 25, 1762 ; 

sp. Daniel Marsteller and parents. 
Leber, Anna Maria, dr. Philip and Anna Margretha ; 

b. July 15 ; bap August 8, 1762 ; 

sp. Laurentz Miiller and wife Anna Maria. 
Steitle, Friedrich, s. Jacob and Catharina ; 

b. April 21 ; bap. August 8, 1762 ; 

sp. Friedrich Witman wife Elisabeth. 
Croesman, Abraham, s. Johan Georg and Anna Margretha ; 

b. August 12 ; bap. August 14, 1762 ; 

sp. parents. 
Becker, Johannes, s. Peter and Elisabeth ; 

b. August 2 ; bap. Oct. 3, 1762 ; 

sp. Johannes Becker from Philadelphia. 
Jungling, Christian, s. Christian and Susanna ; 

b. August 20 ; bap. Oct. 3, 1762 ; 

sp. Christian Schrack and wife. 
Fengel, Johann Martin, s. Simon and Apolonia ; 

b. August 22 ; bap. Sept. 19, 1762 ; 

sp. Martin Blockle and wife Catharina 
Kugler, Johan Jacob, s. Michael and Anna Maria ; 

b. Sept. 10; bap Oct. 17, 1762 ; 

sp. Carl Rayer wife Maria Elisabeth. 
Heilman, Johannes, s. Henrich and Anna Maria ; 

b. August 8 ; bap. Nov. 14, 1762 ; 

sp. Johannes Heilman wife Anna Maria. 



The Trappe Records. 



239 



Krug, Johann Michael, s. Matthaeus and Susanna ; 

b. August I ; bap. Nov. 21, 1762 ; 

sp. Michael Noll and wife Barbara. 
" Catharina, dr. Jacob and Anna Clara ; 

b. July 4 ; bap. Nov. 21, 1762 ; 

sp. Wendel Noll and wife Anna Maria. 
Stierle, Philip, s. Jacob and Christina ; 

b. Oct. 14 ; bap Nov. 28, 1762 ; 

sp. Philip Roth and wife Anna Maria. 
Ickes, Johannes, s. Johannes and Christina ; 

b. Dec. II ; bap. Dec. 25, 1762. 
Busch, Marie Elisebeth, dr. Johann and Anna Maria ; 

b- July 5 ; bap. August 8, 1762 ; 

sp. parents. 
Phaling, (Pawling) Anna, dr. Joseph and Anna ; 

b. June 6 ; bap. August 9, 1762 ; 

sp. parents. 
Oerber, Johan Carl, s. Benedict and Dorothea ; 

b. July 12 ; bap. August 8, 1762 ; 

sp. Carl Rayer and wife. 

Anno 1763. 

Stock, Anna Margretha, dr. Adam and Susanna ; 

b. Jan. 19 ; bap. June 5, 1763 ; 

sp. Henrich Paser, Mathe Kepler, s. Johann. 
Kepler, Rayel, (Rachel) dr. Tobias and Barbara ; 

bap. August 21, 1763 ; b. 14 days before Christmas, 1762 

sp. parents. 
Weigert, Johan Georg, s. Georg and Magdalena ; 

b. June 25 ; bap. August 21, 1763 ; 

sp. Johannes Neiss wife Anna Maria. 
Schreier, Magdalena, dr. Leonhard and Catharina ; 

b. June 3 ; bap. August 21, 1763 ; 

sp. Georg Weigert's wife Magdalena. 
Witmeier, Margreta, dr. Fried and Elisabeth ; 

b. June 23 ; bap. August 22, 1763 ; 

sp. Bernard Hirte and wife Magdalena. 
Marsteller, Elisabeth, dr. Henrich and Barbara ; 

b. Oct. 8 ; bap. Nov. 27, 1763 ; 

sp. Georg Marsteller and wife Elisabeth. 
Roth, Johan, s. Philip and Anna Maria ; 

b. Sept. 4 ; bap. Oct. 16, 1763 ; 

sp. parents. 



240 



The Pe7insylvania-Germa7t Society. 



Becker, Jacob, s. Peter and Elisabeth ; 

b. and bap. in October, 1760 ; 

sp. Jacob Peterman and Maria Anna. 
P.ahn, Samuel, s. Caspar and Barbara ; 

b. August 26, 1763 ; bap. August 13, 1764 ; 

sp. parents. 
Martini, Jacob Fried. Samuel, s. Christian Friedrich and Rosina 

Barbara ; 

b. Sept. 21 ; bap. Oct 17, 1764 ; 

sp. Magister Jacob Friedrich Schertlin and wife Christina. 
Schrack, Anna Maria, dr. Jacob and Maria Elisabeth ; 

b. Feb. 17 ; bap. and died March 19, 1764 ; 
Miiller, Benjamin, s. Andreas and Maria ; 

b. August 30 ; bap Sept. 1764 ; 

sp. parents. 

Anxo 1765. 

Haas, Elisabeth, dr. Valentin and Catharina ; 

b. Nov. 19, 1764; bap. March 17. 1765; 

sp. Henrich Pannebecker and wife Susanna. 
Obelmann, Johannes, s. Henrich and Magdalena ; 

b. April 4, 1764 ; bap. May 12, 1765 ; 

sp. parents. 
Ruder, Susanna, dr. George and Margretha ; 

b. April I, 1764 ; bap. May 12, 1765 ; 

sp. Jacob Kotzelmann and wife. 
Schrack, Adam, s. Christian and Margretha ; 

baptised May 12, 1765 ; 

sp. parents. 
Eckbredt, Magdalena, dr. Daniel and Catharina ; 

b. June 7 ; bap. June 23, 1765 ; 

sp. Nicolaus Schneider and wife. 
Mercklin, Johannes, s. Philip and Maria ; 

b. Dec. 8, 1764 ; bap. June 23, 1765 ; 

sp. parents. 
Fengel, Maria Margretha, dr. Simon and Abelona ; 

b. Sept. 6 ; bap. Nov. 3, 1765 ; 

sp. Maria Margretha Fengelin. 
Mayer, Peter, s. Michael and Elisabeth ; 

b. Feb. 18 ; bap. Nov. 3, 1765 ; 

sp. Valentin Kurtz and wife Anna. 
Essig, Michael, s. George and Anna Maria ; 

b. August 3 ; bap. Nov. 3, 1765 ; 

sp. parents. 



The Trappe Records. 



241 



Rahn, 



Stock, 



Schrack, 



Gerber, 



Setzler, 



Steck, 



Jacob, s. Caspar and Barbara ; 

b. March 6 ; bap Nov. 3, 1765 ; 

sp. parents. 

Elisabeth, dr. Adam and Susanna ; 

b. Oct. 8 ; bap. Nov. 3, 1765 ; 

sp. EHsabeth Reinin 

Johan Joseph, s. Jacob and Maria Elisabeth ; 

b. Oct. 13 ; bap. Nov. 3, 1765 ; 

sp. Adam Bauer and wife Maria Dorothea 

Catarina, dr. Benedeckand Dorothea ; 

b. July 4, 1765 ; bap. 

sp. Philip Sperr and wife Dorothea. 
Maria, dr. Friedrich and Elisabeth ; 
b. April 19 ; bap. in May, 1765 ; 
sp. parents. 

Anno 1766. 



Catharina dr. Friedrich and Elisabeth ; 

bap. Jan. 26, 1766 ; 

sp. parents. 
Roth, Philipp, s. Philipp and Maria ; 

b. Jan. 5 ; bap. Feb. 23, 1766 ; 

sp. parents. 
Heiser, Rahel, dr. Andreas and Sara ; 

b. Nov. 1, 1765 ; bap. Feb. 23, 1766; 

sp. Peter Reimer and wife Rahel. 
Humel, George, s. Henrich and Ursula ; 

b. Feb 10; bap. Feb 23, 1766 ; 

sp. George Veichard and wife Magdalena. 
Zimmerman, Friedrich, s. Johannes and Anna ; 

b. August 24, 1765 ; bap. March 23, 1766 ; 

sp. Friedrich Freund and wife. 
Umstatt, Margretha, dr. Nicolaus and Anna ; 

b. 26, 1765 ; bap. March 1766 ; 

sp. parents. 
Herpel, Susanna Margretha, dr. Ludewig and Catharina 

b. Feb. 28 ; bap. March 23, 1766. 
Bender, Johan Jacob, s. Ludewig and Eva Maria ; 

b. Jan. I ; bap. March 23, 1766. 
Pawlin, Rahel, dr. John and Elisabeth ; 

b. Tuly 10, 1765 ; bap. March 31, 1766 ; 

sp. parents. 



242 



The Pennsylvania-German Society. 



Sahler, Hanna, dr. Valentin and Catharina ; 

b. August 13, 1765 ; bap. March 31, 1766 ; 

sp. Adam Protzman wife Hanna. 
Pots, Clara, dr. Percyes and Nanny ; 

b. March, 1765 ; bap. April 21, 1766 ; 

sp. parents. (Mulattoes.) 
Haas, Johan Hartman, s. Hartman and Maria Barbara ; 

b. Jan. 22 ; bap. April 29, 1766 ; 

sp. Adam Bauer and wife. 
Kohler, Friedrich, s. Friedrich and Catharina ; 

b. March 7 ; bap. May 18, 1766 ; 

sp. Herr Doctor Martini and wife. 
Schorer, Elisabeth, dr. Conrad and Eva ; 

b. Feb. 27 ; bap. May 18, 1766 ; 

sp. Carl Reyers dr. 
Bannert, Margretha, dr. Valentin and Elisabeth ; 

b. March 26 ; bap. June 15, 1766 ; 

sp. mother Margretha and stepfather George Essig. 
Marsteller, Margretha, dr. Daniel and Elisabeth ; 

b. March 17 ; bap. June 15, 1766 ; 

sp. Christian Schrack and wife. 
Marsteller, Magdalena, dr. Henrich and Anna Barbara ; 

b. April 14 ; bap. June 15, 1766 ; 

sp. Valentin Marsteller and wife. 
Bauer, Elisabeta, dr. Nicolaus and wife ; 

b. March 16 ; bap. June 15, 1766 ; 

sp. Georg Bisbing wife Elisabeth. 
Scharf, Johan George, s. George and wife ; 

b. Nov. 1764 ; bap. June 13, 1766 ; 

sp. Johann Frey. 
" Magdalena, dr. 

b. Juue 16, 1763 ; bap. June 13, 1766 ; 

sp. Johan Frey's wife Barbara. 
Keiser, Johan Peter, s. Johannes and Elisabeth ; 

b July S, 1765 ; bap, June 13, 1766 ; 

sp. Johan Peter Marsteller and wife Catharina. 
Guth, Isaac, s. George and Margretha ; 

b. June I ; bap. Sept. 7, 1766 ; 

sp. parents. 
Buttern, Johan Carl, s. Johan (dec.) and wife ; 

b. Nov. 18 ; bap Nov. 26, 1766 ; 

sp mother. 



The Trappe Records. 243 



Marstaller, Rebecca, dr. Friedrich and wife ; 

bap. Nov. 30, 1766 ; 

sp. parents. 
Reyer, Johan Carl, s. Michael and Rosina ; 

b. Dec. 8 ; bap. Dec. 25, 1766 ; 

sp. grandparents. 
Gother, Carl and Sara ; 

sp. Henrich Hobelman and wife Magdalena 

Anno 1767. 

Miiller, Joseph, s. Am. and Maria ; 

b. Dec. 10. 1766 ; bap. Jan. 25, 1767 ; 

sp. parents. 
Bauer, Johannes, s. Carl and Elisabeth ; 

b. Dec. 14, 1766 ; bap. April 5, 1767 ; 

sp. parents. 
Hart, Catharina, dr. Bernhard and Catharina ; 

b. April 4 ; bap. May 3, 1767 ; 

sp. parents. 
Bodaschwa, Catharina, dr. Wendel and Margretha ; 

b. May. 15, 1766 ; bap. May 3, 1767 ; 

sp. parents. 
Kreen, Mary, dr. Lewis and Louisa ; 

bap. May 3, 1767 ; 

sp. parents. 
Lesch, Zacharias, s. Henrich and Catharina ; 

b. Jan, 23 ; bap. May 17, 1767 ; 

sp. Zacharias Lesch and Christina Bleoytin. (?) 
Hoffmann, Johannes, s. Henrich and Barbara ; 

b. Nov. 29, 1766 ; bap. May 17, 1767 ; 

sp. Johannes Eilig. 
Werzeler, Johannes, s. Herrman and Catharina ; 

b. May 5 ; bap. June 6, 1767 ; 

sp. Daniel Eckbret and wife Catliarina. 
Dismann, Daniel, s. Henrich and Elisabeth ; 

bap. Jan. 8, 1767 ; 

sp. Friedrich Setzler and wife. 
Hummel, Johannes, s. Jacob and Eva ; 

b. June 9 ; bap. July 26, 1767 ; 

sp. parents. 
Gottwald, Johan George, s. Peter and Sophia ; 

b. March 11 ; bap. August 23, 1767 ; 

sp. Joh. Georg Imrich and wife. 



244 '^^^ Pennsylvaftia-German Society. 

Mayer, Maria Magdalena, dr. Michael and Elisabethi ; 

b. Feb. 1 6 ; bap. Sept. 20, 1767 ; 

sp. Maria Magdalena de Heven. 
Gerber, Johannes, s. Benedict and Dorothea ; 

b. July 4 ; bap. Sept. 20, 1767 ; 

sp. parents. 
Bauer, Michael, s. Michael and Catherina ; 

b. Feb. 10 ; bap. Oct. 4, 1767 ; 

sp. parents. 
Keyser, Michael, s. Johannes and Elisabeth ; 

b. Dec. 13, 1766J; bap. Oct. 2, 1767 ; 

sp. Grandmother Catherina Marstellerin. 
Acker, Jacob, s. Conrad and Barbara ; 

b. Oct. 19; bap. Nov. i, 1767 ; 

sp. Jacob Schmid and wife Eva. 
Brotzman, Anna Elisabeth, dr. Conrad and Barbara ; 

b. August 26, 1767 ; bap. March 31, 1768 ; 

sp. parents. 
Seller, Elisabeth, dr. Valentin and wife 

b. Sept. 17, 1756. 
" Maria, dr. b. Oct. 2, 175S. 

" Johann Peter, s. b. August 27, 1760. 

" Barbara, dr. b. May i, 1764. 

" Hanna, dr b. August 13, 1765. 

" Johannes, s. b. Jan. 10, 1768. 

Schrack, Daniel, s. Christian and Margretha ; 

b. INIay 10, 1770 ; bap. several months later by Rev. Voigt. 
Wagenseil, Maria Margretha, dr. Johannes and 

b. June 2, 1772 ; bap. Nov. i, 1772 ; 

sp. Peter Lauge and wife Maria Margretha. 
Hummel, Margretha. dr Heinrich and Ursula ; 

b. June 2 ; bap. Nov. i, 1772 ; 

sp. parents. 

Anno 1773. 

Becker, Elisabeth, dr. Peter, (Junior) and Elisabeth ; 

b. Jan. 12 ; bap. Jan. 16, 1773 ; 

sp. Carl Reier and wife Elisabeth. 
Marsteller, Anna Margretha, dr. Heinrich and Barbara ; 

b. Sept. 12, 1770 ; bap. Jan. 22, 1773. 
" Heinrich, s. 

b. Dec. 10, 1772 ; bap. Jan. 22, 1773 ; 

sp. parents. 



The Trappe Records. 



245 



Vetterrolf, Elisabeth, dr. Philip and Christina ; 

b. April 13 ; bap. May 9, 1773 ! 

sp. Wilhelm Vetterrolf, Elisabeth Reichardin. 
Puff, Catharina, dr. Valentin and wife ; 

b. Feb. 28 ; bap. May 9, 1773 ; 

sp. Nicolaus Pittel. 
Rose, Friedrich, s. Heinrich and Catharina ; 

b. June 9 ; bap. July 4, 1773 ; 

sp parents. 
Zimmerman, Catharina, dr. Friedrich and Barbara ; 

b. April 20 ; bap. July 4, 1773 ; 

sp. parents. 
Bohner, Hanna, dr. Tobias and Amalia ; 

b. May 4, 1771 ; bap. July 4, 1773 ; 

sp. parents. 
Finckenbeiner, Maria Catharina, dr. Conrad and Maria ; 

b. Nov. II ; bap. Dec. 19, 1773 ; 

sp. Hennrith Kiele, Catharina Herpeln. 

Anno 1774. 

Becker, Joseph, s. Peter, (Junior) and Elisabeth ; 

b. Jan. 3 ; bap. Jan. 16, 1774 ; 

sp. Carl Reier wife Elisabeth. 
Kebler, Maria, dr. Johannes and Maria Magdalena ; 

b. Feb. 7 ; bap. March 13, 1774 ; 

sp. Maria Kleiner. 
Bender, Isaac, s. Ludewig and Eva Maria ; 

bap. March 13, 1774 ; 

sp. parents. 
Setzler, Maria, dr. Friederich and Elisabeth ; 

b. Jan 7 ; bap. March 13, 1774 ; 

sp. Rudolph Essig and Maria. 
Schnell, Jacob, s. George and Anna Dorothea ; 

b. Dec. 23. 1773 ; bap. March 13, 1774 ; 

sp. parents. 
Beck, Elisabeth, dr. Nicolaus and Sophia ; 

b. Feb. 5 ; bap. April 4, 1774 ; 

sp. Ludewig Herpel wife Anna Catharina. 
Heppler, Anna Margaretha, dr. George and Maria ; 

b. Feb. 9 ; bap. April 4, 1774 ; 

sp. Philipp Gabel wife Margaretha. 
Marsteller, Rebecca, dr. George and Elisabeth ; 

bap. April 4, 1774, age 4 years. 



246 The Pennsyliania-German Soaety. 

Marsteller Johannes, s 

b. Feb. 16, 1773 ; bap. April 4, 1774 ; 
sp. parents. 
Kugler, Maria Elisabeth, dr. Matthias and Elisabeth ; 
b. Oct. 26. 1775; bap. April 4, 1774; 

sp. Elisabeth Reiem. 
Mercklin, Phillip, s. Jacob and Maria ; 

b. Nov. 10, 1773 ; bap. April 10, 1774; 

sp. Philipp Mercklin and wife Maria. 
Boletheen. \'alentin, s. Jonathan and Elisabeth ; 

b. March iS ; bap. April 10, 1774; 

sp. Valentin Scherer wife Maria Catharina. 
Brotzmann, Joseph, s. Jacob and wife 

b. April 10, 1774; bap. May S. 1774; 

sp. parents. 
Schrack, Susannah, dr. Christian and wife 

b. March 5 ; bap. April 11, 1774 ; 

sp. parents. 
Rocs, Elisabeth, dr. Heinrich and Catharina ; 

b. Jan. 3 ; bap. May 17, 1774 ; 

sp. parents. 
Wagner, Jacob, s. Lebrecht and Diana ; 

b. May 5 : bap. June 5, 1774 ; 

sp. Jacob Klein wife 

Beyer, Isaac, s. Conrad and Elisabeth ; 

b. June 10 ; bap. July 31, 1774 ; 

sp. \'alendin Beyer, Anna Catharina Seydelin. 
Brotzmann, Johann Peter, s. Conrad and Barbara ; 

b. Feb. 22, 1771 ; bap. Sept. 25, 1774 ; 

sp. Peter Marsteller, Anna Maria. 
Rohnnann, Johannes, s. Conrad and Elisabeth ; 

b. Sept. 4; bap. Sept. 25, 1774; 

sp. Georg Adam Ekolf wife Elisabeth. 
Lesch, Catharina, dr. Heinrich and Catharina ; 

b. August 3 ; bap. Sept 25. 1774; 

sp. Martin Bleckle wife Catharina. 
Febinger, Johannes, s. Adam and Elisabeth ; 

b. Sept. 17 ; bap. Oct. 23, 1774 ; 

sp. Adam Febinger and Catharina. 
Eeier, Elisabeth, dr. Johannes and Catharina ; 

b. June 9, 1772. 
" Anna Maria, dr. b. Oct. 22, 1773. 



The Trappe Records. 247 

Reier, Catharina, dr. 

b. Nov. 13; bap. Dec. i8, 1774. 
" Maria, dr. 

bap. Sept. 21, 1777 ; 
witness, Maria Kuglerin ; sp. parents. 
Finckbeiner, Johan Valentin, s. Jacob and Maria Magdalena ; 
b. Sept. 10 ; bap. Dec. 18, 1774. 

Anno 1775. 
Marz, Margretha, dr. Daniel and Susanna ; 

b. Sept. 10, 1774 ; bap. Jan. i, 1775 ; 
sp. Abraham Kern, Catharina Bleckte. 
Fost, Maria Elisabeth, dr. Henrich and Susanna ; 

b. July 29, 1774 ; bap. Jan. i, 1775 ; 
sp. Daniel Miirz and Susanna. 
Brotzmann, Sara, dr. Jacob and Hanna; 

b. October 12, 1774 ; bap. March 12, 1775 ; 

sp. Adam Brotzmann wife 

Leimann, Heinrich, s. Jacob and Anna Margretha ; 
bap. Sept. 24, 1775, age 9 months ; 
sp. Jacob Klein wife Anna Maria 
Rose, Anna Maria, dr. Heinrich and Catharina ; 

b. Oct. 6 ; bap. Nov. 19, 1775 ; 
sp. Johannes Herpel, Maria Kleinen. 
Anno 1776. 
Miller, Elisabeth, dr. Ehrhard and INIargaretha ; 

b. Jan. 18 ; bap. March 7, 1776 ; 
sp. parents. 
Brotzmann, Johan Michael, s. Conrad and Barbara ; 
b. March 6, 1773 ; bap. March 7, 1776 ; 
sp. parents. 
Fincbeiner, Jacob, s. Phil. Jacob and Maria Magdalina ; 
b. Feb. 9 ; bap. March 4, 1776 ; 
sp. Jacob Rieser wile Margaretha. 
Diel, Jacob, s. Jacob and Elesabeth ; 

b. Feb. 24 ; bap. April 7, 1776 ; 
sp. George Heppler wife Maria. 
Heppler, George, s. George and Maria ; 

b. March 18 ; bap. April 7, 1776 ; 
sp Jacob Diel and wife Elesabeth. 
Poleton, David, s. Jonathan and Elesabeth ; 
b. March 17 ; bap. April 7, 1776 ; 
sp parents. 



248 The Pennsylvam'a-Germafi Society. 

Heilig, Johann Georg, s. Johannes and Elesabeth ; 
b. Sept. I, 1775 ; bap. May 5, 1776 ; 
sp. parents. 

Anno 1777. 

Brotzmann, Conrad, s. Conrad and Barbara ; 

b. Oct. 14, 1776 ; bap. May i6, 1777 ; 

sp. parents. 
Kalb, Christina, dr. Johannes and Elisabeth ; 

b. March 21 ; bap. May 26, 1777 ; 

sp. Catharina Neuman. 
Brion, Johan Martin, s. John and Christina ; 

b. Dec. 31, 1776I; bap. June 13, 1777 ; 

sp. Martin Bleckle wife Catharina. 
Seller, Valentin, s. Valentin and Catharina ; 

b. March 13 ; bap. July 13, 1777 ; 

sp. Hieronimus Seller wife Maria. 
Finckbeiner, Jacob, s. Jacob and Maria Magdalena ; 

b. August 12 ; bap. Nov. 16, 1777; 

sp Michael Schellig, Susanna Finckbeinerin. 
Raboteau, Carles Cornelius Henry Melchoir, first born son of Charles 

Cornelius and Mary Elisabeth ; 

b. Oct. 15, 12 o'clock at night, 1756 ; bap. Oct. 23 ; 

God-fathers Henry Melchior Muhlenberg and the father. 
Raboteau, Elias John Melchisedech, a second son ; 

b. Dec. 27, 1758, about 7 o'clock in the evening ; bap. Jan. 4, 

1759; 

God-fathers, Elias Melchisedech Raboteau and John Nico- 
laus Klein. 
Roth, John Jacob, s. Jacob (deceased) and widow Mary Ann ; 

b. Oct. 14, 1765 ; bap. six weeks later at New Hanover by 
Rev. Buskerk. 
sp. Jacob Pittel. 




Trinity Lutheran- Steeple. Lancaster, Pa. Biilt 1794. 



Births and Baptisms. 251 



BIRTHS AND BAPTISMAL REGISTER 



TRINITY LUTHERAN CHURCH, 
LANCASTER, PA. 



[concluded.] 

1793- 

Anna Maria Mathiot, d. Johannes and Susanna ; b. Nov. 21 ; bap. Jan. i. 
Johannes Meraun, s Peter and Elisabeth ; b. Dec. 27 ; bap. Jan. 5. 
Andreas Heil, s Zacharias and Dorothea ; b. Dec. 23 ; bap. Jan. 6. 
Rebecca Moser, d. Wilhelm and Elisabeth ; b. Dec. 13 ; bap. Jan. 6. 
Jacob Miller, s. Georg and Elisabeth ; b. Nov. 4, 1791 ; bap. Jan. 17. 
Elisab. Margaret Mayer, d. Christoph and Susanna ; b. Dec. 27 ; bap. 

Jan. 20. 
Catharina Lager, d. Friedrich and Elisabeth ; b. Jan. 17 ; bap. Jan. 27. 
Arnold Schmidt, s. Martin and Eva ; b. Dec. 7 ; bap. Jan. 27. 
Elisabeth Schindel, d. Jacob and Elisabeth ; b. Nov. 9 ; bap. Jan. 21. 
Ludwig Heerd, s. Andreas and Elisabeth ; b. Jan. 17 ; bap. Jan. 27. 
Samuel Davis, s. Isaac and Eva ; b. Oct. i ; bap. Jan. 27. 
Friedrich (twins) Bader, Friedrich and Hanna ; b. Jan. 28 ; bap. Jan. 29. 
William Marbury, s. Jeremia and Mary ; (mulattoes) b. May 20, 1791 ; 

bap. Feb. i. 
Maria Hambright. d. Joh. and Susanna ; b. Feb. 2 ; bap. Feb. 11. 
Johan Friedrich Karch, s. Joh. Friedrich and Eva ; b. Jan. 25 ; bap. 

Feb. 19. 



252 The Pennsylvania-German Society. 

Maria Sophia Meyer, d. Jacob and Maria ; b. Feb. 12 ; bap. Feb. 19. 

Catharina Klein, d. Christian and Margareta ; b. Feb. 11 ; bap. Feb. 24- 

Maria Lehnherr, d. Georg and Elisabeth ; b. Dec. 31, '92 ; bap. March 3. 

Georg Schott, d. Jacob and Maria Magdalena ; b March i ; bap. March 6. 

Joh. Georg and Wilhelm Koenig, s. Joh. Georg and Dorothea ; b. March 
5 ; bap. March 7. 

Sophia Kohl, d. Nicolaus and Dorothea ; b. Feb. 14 ; bap. March 10. 

Anna Maria Schlatter, d. Jacob and Anna Maria ; b. Feb. 10 ; bap. 
March 10. 

Johan Ludwig Techtmeyer, s. Ludwig and Sus. Barbara ; b. Feb. 26; 
bap. March 17. 

Wilhelm Rudesille, s. Jacob and Maria ; b. Feb. 22 ; bap. March 17. 
, Michael Schreiner, s. Philip and Susanna ; b. Nov. 2 ; bap. March 19 

John McCrackan, s. Alexander and Elisabeth ; b. Feb. 5 ; bap. March 24. 

Abraham Sando, s. Carl and Sara ; b. Dec. 14 ; bap. March 31. 

Jacob Illing, s. Christoph and Magdalena ; b. Feb. 28 ; bap. March 31. 

Johannes Rees, s. James and Elisabeth ; b. Jan. 11 ; bap. March 31. 

Salome Hasselbach, d. Henrich and Catharina ; b. March 9 ; bap. April i. 

Elisabeth Driffenbach, d. Georg and Susanna ; b. March i ; bap. April i. 

Elisabeth Glaser, d. Friedrich and Margaret ; b. Feb. 20 ; bap. March 30. 
William Desart, s. Joseph and Elisabeth ; b Sept. i, 1789 ; bap. April 2. 
John Desart, s. Joseph and Elisabeth ; b. June 10, 1791 ; bap. April 2. 
Susanna Denger, d. Andreas and Catharina ; b. Oct. 12 ; bap. April 3. 
Mathew Hare, s. John and Isabella ; b. Jan. 22 ; bap. April 6. 
Susanna Weidele, d. Friedrich and Susanna ; b. March 5 ; bap. April 6. 
Heinrich Schuler, s. Benjamin and Catharina, (Refor.) ; b. April 2 ; bap' 

April 8. 
Elisabeth Ort, d. Johannes and Maria ; b. Oct. 21 ; bap. April 8. 
Philip Jacob Thomas, d. Eberhard and Magdalena ; b. March 25 ; bap- 
April 14. 
Elisabeth Fischer, d. Adam and Margaret ; b Jan. 29, 1792 ; bap. April 18. 
Maria Rosina Vister, d. Georg and Sophia ; b. Jan. 25 ; bap. April 21. 
Catharina Bart, d. Martin and Susan ; b. Feb. 8 ; bap. April 29. 
Anna McConnel, d. George and Ann ; b. April 2, 1786 ; bap. April 30 
Margaret McConnel, d. George and Ann; b. July 12, 1788; bap. 

April 30. 
Rose McConnel, d. George and Ann ; b. July 18, 1790 ; bap. April 30. 
William McConnel, s George and Ann ; June 18, 1792 ; bap. April 30. 
Henrich Geiss, s Johannes and Maria ; b. Nov. 8 ; bap. May 5. 
Carl Glaser, s. Daniel and Christine ; b. Jan. 28 ; bap. May 6. 
Michael Schuman, s. Michael and Elisabeth ; b. Jan. 9 ; bap. May 6. 
Ludwig Dickhover, s. Henrich and Barbara ; b. August 31 ; bap. May 6. 
Adam Jost, s. Johan and Barbara ; b. May 4 ; bap. May 14. 



Births and Baptisms. 253 

Susanna Carrier, d. Jacob and Rachel ; b. Jan. 29 ; bap. May 14. 
William Boyd Hamilton, s. Thomas and Elis. nee Weiss ; b. Aug. 28, 

1789 ; bap. May 17. 
Elisabeth Hamilton, d. Thomas and Elis. nee Weiss; b. Nov. 21, 1792 ; 

bap. May 17 
Wilhelm Prick, s. Johannes and Elisabeth; b Aug. 31, 1791 ; bap. 

May 17. 
Valentin Brinneisen, s. Jacob and Elis.; b. Nov. 2 ; bap. May 17. 
Johannes Voigt, s. Matthaeus and Christina ; b. Sept. 14 ; bap. May iS. 
Jacob Meyer, s Jacob and Anna Maria ; b. June 28 ; bap. May 18. 
Johan Jacob Bastie, s. Johannes and Maria ; b. March 12 ; bap. May 19. 
Georg Gass, s. Peter and Elisabeth ; b. March 2 ; bap. May 19. 
Christian Schwenzel, s Friedrich and Eva ; b. May 8 ; bap. May 20. 
Barbara Booth, d. John and Christine ; b. March 18 ; bap. May 20. 
Johannes Lotman, s. Georg, jun. and Rosina ; b. Nov. 13 ; bap. May 20. 
Johannes Ort, s. Conrad and Christine ; b. April 17 ; bap. May 20. 
Georg Koch, s. Johannes and Jane ; b. Jan. 11 ; bap. May 20. 
Abraham Moser, s. Georg and Christine ; b. May 15 ; bap. June 9. 
Joseph Rathvon, s. Jacob and Elisabeth ; b. May 20 ; bap. June 9. 
Valentin Steinweg, s. Ludwig and Salome ; b. Nov. 26 : bap. June 9. 
Henrich Rein, d. Christian and Barbara ; b. July 11, 92 ; bap. June 9. 
Susanna Fritz, d. Ludwig and Eva ; b. May 8, 92 ; bap. June 12. 
Johannes Gotz, s. George and Catharina ; b. April 5 ; bap. June 12. 
Anna Maria Weber, d. Andreas and Rosina ; b. April 10 ; bap. June 21. 
Philip Dietrich, s. Michael and Elisabeth ; b. May 5 ; bap. June 23. 
Anton Giinther, s. Lorenz and Magdalena, (Cath.) ; b. June 22 ; bap. 

June 28. 
Catharina Steitz. d. Peter and Catharina ; b. March 18 ; bap. June 30. 
Rosina Peterman, d. Jacob and Rosina ; b. June 20 ; bap. July 4. 
Johan Jacob Hebelman, s. Arnold and Eva Susanna ; b. May 5 ; bap. 

July 6. 
Maria Hiiusle, d. Michael and Maria ; b. June 23 ; bap. July 7. 
Heinrich Faust, s. Georg and Margareta ; b. Jan. 8 ; bap July 14. 
Heinrich Keller, s. Johannes and Barbara ; b. July i ; bap. July 21. 
Robert Wilson, s. Robert and Sophia ; b July 16 ; bap. July 24 
Johan Henrich Christ, s. Johannes and Regina ; b. Dec. 24 ; bap. July 28. 
Jacob Weiss, s Andreas and Margaret ; b. May 2 ; bap July 28. 
Georg Schlichter, s David and Catharina ; b. May 10 ; bap. July 28. 
William Johnson, s. Jeremia and Rebecca ; b. Jan. 21 ; bap. August 4. 
Johan Jacob Brenner, s. Adam and wife ; b. May 3 ; bap. August 4. 
Susanna Brenner, d. Georg and Christine ; b. June 2 ; bap. August 4. 
Elisabeth Brenner, d. Philip and Elisabeth ; b. Dec. 18, 1792 ; bap. 

August 4. 



"254 ^^^^ Peii7tsy!vania-Germa7t Society. 

Johannes Seibert, s. Peter and Sara ; b. June lo ; bap. August 4. 
Susanna Marquart, s. Sebastian and Catharina ; b. July 7 ; bap. Aug. 10. 
Maria Catharina Schneider, d. Christian and Catharina ; b. July 30 ; bap. 

August 9. 
Richard Augustus Zanzinger, s. Paulus and Esther ; b. Oct. 24, 1792 ; 

bap. August II. 
Magdalena Delbo, d. Franz and Magdalena ; b. July 4 ; bap. August 18. 
Margaret Heilbrunner, d. Johan and Cathar. b. Aug. 22 ; bap. Aug. 18. 
Catharine Braun, d. Joseph and Catharina ; b. July 5 ; bap. August 18. 
Thomas Weber, s. Christian and Elisabeth ; b. July 19 ; bap. August 18. 
Elisabeth Johnson, d. Maria ; b. Nov. 6, 1791 ; bap. August 30. 
Anna Maria Tobias, d. Paul and Elisabeth ; b. March 5 ; bap. August 30. 
Johannes Folz, s. Christian and Christine ; b. July 26 ; bap. Sept. i. 
Anna Eva Stehme, d. Tobias and wife ; b. August 27 ; bap. Sept. i. 
Heinrich Dessau, s. Ernst and Eva ; b. August 28 ; bap. Sept. 2. 
Susanna Schreiber, d. Johannes and Christine ; b. Aug. 4 ; bap Sept. 8. 
Johan Georg Benedict, s. Philip and Dorothea ; b Aug. 4 ; bap. Sept. 10. 
Samuel Volk, s. Georg and Catharina ; b. July 14 ; bap. Sept. 11. 
William Milly, s. Timothy and Jean. ; b. August 4 ; bap. Sept. 11. 
Eva Catharina Schreiner, d. Martin and Elisabeth ; b. August 10 bap. 

Sept. 15. 
Catharina Keller, d. George and Catharina ; b. August 18 ; bap Sept. 15. 
Georg Stech, s. Gerhard and Maria ; b. July 15 ; bap. Sept. 15. 
Johannes Porter, s. Andreas and Eva ; b. August 24 ; bap. Sept. 15. 
Johannes Schmidt, s. Friedrich and Maria ; b. June 12 ; bap. Sept. 22. 
Andreas Miiller, s. Henrich and Magdalena ; b. August 7 ; bap. Sept. 22- 
Johannes Bastick ; b. Jan. 14, 1763 ; bap. Sept. 18, 1793. 
Barbara Rein, Ulrich Huber and wife Veronica ; b. June 29, 1765 ; 

all bap. Sep. 18. 
Catharina Schmidt, d. Wilhelm and Cathar. ; b. July 28 ; bap. Sept. 22. 
Joh. Wilhelm Nauman, s. Gottlieb and Margaret ; b. August 25 ; bap. 

Sept. 29. 
Georg Wienan, s. Anna Etter and Heinrich ; b. Feb. 20, 1792 ; bap. 

Sept. 30. 
Jacob Baer, s. Michael and Catharina ; b. Sept. 12 ; bap. Oct. 6. 
Elisabeth Lehman, d. Jacob and Catharina ; b. Sept. 10 ; bap. Oct. 6. 
Mary Richards, d. James and Mary ; b. May i ; bap Oct. 8. 
Joh. Valentin Krug, s. Valentin and Eva ; b. July 29 ; bap. Oct. 3. 
Samuel Weber, s. Johannes and Anna Elisabeth ; b. Nov. 14 ; bap. 

Oct. i4. 
Elisabeth Heinkel, d. Peter and Magdalena ; b. Sept 10 ; bap. Oct. 20. 
Magdalena Miiller, d. Henrich and Maria ; b. August 10 ; bap Oct. 22. 



Births and Baptisyns. 255 

Catharina Scheurig, d. Matthaeus and Catharina ; b. March i8 ; bap. 

Oct. 22. 
Jacob Volk, s. Johannes and Elisabeth ; b. August 12; bap. Oct. 10. 
Margaret Heinkel, d. Wilhelm and EHsabeth ; b. Aug. i ; bap. Oct. 10. 
Johannes Bartsfill, s. Adam and Elisabeth ; b. April 15 ; bap. Oct. 10. 
Johannes Kepperle, s. Friedrich and Maria ; b. Sept. 5 ; bap. Oct. 10. 
Eva Muckelroy, d. Henry and Susanna ; b. March 19 ; bap. Oct. 10. 
Johan Georg Schneider, s. Peter and Catharina ; b. Oct. 7 ; bap. Oct. 10. 
Jacob Ohlweiler, s. Friedrich and Barbara ; b. August 6 ; bap. Oct. 18. 
Johan Georg Lutz, s. Georg and Elisabeth ; b May 3 ; bap. Oct. 18. 
Anna Heck, d. Ludwig and Elisabeth ; b Oct. i ; bap. Oct. 20. 
Jacob Albert, s. Henrichand Catharina ; b. Oct. 10 ; bap. Oct. 21. 
Rudolph Fissel, s. Ulrich and Maria ; b. August 22 ; bap. Oct. 22. 
Barbara Becker, d. Philip and Barbara ; b. Sept. 20 ; bap. Oct. 27. 
joh. Henrich Heiss, s. Dietrich and Maria Magdalena ; b. Sept. 23 ; 

bap. Oct. 27. 
Jacob McNaughton, s. James and Maria ; b. Sept. 17 ; bap. Oct. 27. 
Johannes Scheurig, s. Nicolaus and Catharina ; b. June 16 ; bap. Nov. 2. 
Anna Catharina Turner, d Thomas and Maria ; b. Oct. 15 ; bap. Nov. 10. 
Philip Stech, s. Philip and Sabina ; b. March 12 ; bap. Nov. 5. 
Elisabeth Hinkel, d. Johannes and Catharina ; b. August 11 ; bap. Nov. 5. 
Henrich Burg, s. Johannes and Barbara ; b. Oct. 31 ; bap. Nov. 10. 
Johannes Franciscus, s. Johannes and Anna ; b. Oct. 29 ; bap. Nov. 10. 
Bernhard Schaefer, s. David and Dorothea ; b. Oct. 15 ; bap. Nov. 11. 
Georg Odenwald, s. Christian and Sara ; b. Oct. 6 ; bap. Nov. 10. 
Jacob Stoft Gross, s. Jacob and Elisabeth ; b. Sept. 22 ; bap. Nov. 10. 
Catharina Krauter, d. David and Catharina ; b. Oct. 6 ; bap. Nov. 17. 
Henrich Trager, s Adam and Salome ; b. Sept. 16 ; bap. Nov. 17. 
Maria Urban, d. Georg and Barbara ; b. April 24, 1788 ; bap. Nov. 20. 
Ludwig Urban, s Georg and Barbara ; b. Feb. 5, 1793 ; bap. Nov. 20. 
Catharina Hehel, d Johan and Maria ; b. Dec. 31, 1792 ; bap. Nov. 20. 
Susanna Bigy, d Franz and Eva ; b. Oct. 15, 1791 ; bap. Nov. 19. 
Maria Bigy, d. Franz and Eva ; b. Nov. 14, 1793 ; bap. Nov. 19. 
Conrad Jost, s. Philip and Elisabeth ; b. Oct 9 ; bap. Nov. 24. 
Dorothea Milchsack, d Philip and Maria ; b. Oct. 5 ; bap. Dec. 8. 
Maria Magdalena Nagel, d. Joseph and Maria Magdalena ; b. August 24; 

bap. Dec. 15 
Susanna Heger. d. Christoph and Catharina ; b. Nov. 20 ; bap. Dec. 8. 
Ann Galacher, d. Philip and Rebecca ; b July 27 ; bap. Dec. 19. 
Jacob Brenner, s. Christoph and Elisabeth ; b. Nov. 12 ; bap. Dec. 22. 
Rosina Weber, d. Adam and Rosina ; b. Nov. 25 ; bap. Dec. 22. 
Elisabeth Hambrecht, d. Georg and Anna Maria; b. June 17 ; bap. Dec. 22. 
Georg Lindy, s. Jacob and Anna Maria ; b. Nov. 7 ; bap. Dec. 22. 



256 The Pen7isylvania-German Society. 

1794. 

Michael Faust, s. Georg and Margaret ; b. Jan. 18 ; bap. Jan. 27. 
Joh. Adam Dietrich, s. Henrich and Magdalena ; b. Oct 5 ; bap. Feb. i. 
Anna Elisabeth Schott, d. Jacob and Magdalena ; b. Jan. 17 ; bap. Feb. 2. 
Barbara Rosina Schindel, d. Jacob and Elisabeth ; b. Dec. 9 ; bap. Feb 2. 
Johannes Scheib, s. Johannes and Catharina ; b. Dec. i ; bap. Feb. 2. 
Catharina Porter, d. Mathew and Barbara ; b. May 26, 1792. 
Adam Diirstler, s. Adam and Catharina ; b. July 20, 1793 ; bap. Feb 4. 
Anna Maria Schenk, d. Christian and Elisabeth ; b. Jan. 21, 1793 ; 

bap. Feb. 5. 
Cathartna Albrecht, d. Jacob and Sophia ; b. Jan 18 ; bap. Feb. 9. 
Georg Ludwig Schindel, s. Peter and Elisabeth ; b. Jan. 2 ; bap. Feb. 15. 
Jonas Schalleberger, s. Michael and Elisabeth ; b. Nov. 15 ; bap. Feb. 16 
Elisabeth Schwenk, d. Peter and Margaret ; b. Dec. 20 ; bap. Feb. 16. 
Anna Jean Gordon, d. Joseph and Anna ; b. Dec 2, 1792 ; bap. Feb. 20. 
Margaret Guntacker, d. Michael and Barbara ; b. Feb. 11 ; bap. March 2. 
Christoph Ort, s. Christoph and Cathar. Elisabeth ; b. Nov. 21 ; bap. 

March 8. 
Salome Forris, d. Joseph and Elisabeth ; b. Jan. 22 ; bap. March 9. 
Heinrich Burman, s. Conrad and Elisabeth ; b. Dec. 10; bap. March 11. 
Maria Giinsel. d. Georg and Catharina ; b. Oct. 20 ; bap. March 11. 
Wilhelm Gotz, s. Peter and Catharina ; b. March 16 ; bap. March 21. 
Matilda Henrietta Hubley, d. Johannes and Maria ; b. Feb. 4 ; bap. 

March 17. 
Matthaeus Gumpf, s. Christoph and Maria ; b. Jan 21 ; bap. March 23. 
Jacob Gumpf, s. Michael and Margaret ; b. Jan. i ; bap. March 23. 
Christian Grub, s. Christian and Catharina ; b. Feb. 8 ; bap. March 27. 
Johannes Becker, s. Nicolaus and Elisabeth ; b. March 10, 1793 ; bap. 

March 24. 
Elisabeth Murray, d. Jacob and Regina ; b. Jan 11, bap. March 24. 
Catharina Wilhelm, d. Peter and Elisabeth ; b. Sept. 9 ; bap. March 29. 
Anna Henz, d. Johannes and Anna ; b. Feb. u, 1792 ; bap. March 24. 
Elisabeth Henz, d. Johannes and Anna ; b. Oct. 2, 1793 ; bap. March 24. 
Catharina Lutz, d. Caspar and Anna Maria ; b. Aug. 28 ; bap March 30. 
John Campbell, s. David and Mary ; b. Dec. 22 ; bap. March 30. 
Johannes Bonnet, s. Johannes and Magdalena ; b. Feb. 5 ; bap. April 2. 
Anna Maria Kiegler, d. Jacob and Elisabeth ; b. March 5 ; bap. 

March 31. 
Henrich Peter Gleim, s. Herman and Christine ; b. Dec. 18 ; bap. 

April 4. 
Peter Riblet, s. Daniel and Christine ; b. March 30 ; bap. April 5. 
Benjamin Koehler, s. Andreas and Barbara ; b. March 4 ; bap. April 6. 



Birth'^ and Baptisms. 257 

Susanna Leible, d. Andreas and Elisabeth ; b. Feb. 19 ; bap. April 6. 
Elisabeth Braun, d. Abraham and Magdalena ; b. March 12, '92 ; bap. 

April 7. 
Anna Jahns, d. Jacob and Anna Maria ; b. Sept. 19 ; bap. April 7. 
Elisabeth Frick, d. Friedrich and wife ; b. March 16 ; bap. April 12. 
Johannes Muhney, s. Peter and Anna Maria ; b. Jan. 10 ; bap. April 15. 
Michael Dietrich, s Lorenz and Magdalena; b. Feb. 16 ; bap. April 21. 
Henrich Braun, s. Friedrich and Susan ; b. Aug. 14, 1792 ; bap April 21. 
Michael Mohri, s. Georg and Eva Catharina ; b. March 9 ; bap. April 21. 
Elisabeth Albrecht Herr, d. Heinrich and Jean ; b. August 1774 ; bap. 

April 17. 
Friedrich Ziegler, bap April 17. 

Bernhard Folz, s. Bernhard and Barbara ; b. Feb. 16 ; bap. April 27. 
Maria Merker, d. Philip and Margaret ; b. March 22 ; bap. April 27. 
Elisabeth Ginsel, d. Jacob and Margaret ; b. April 6 ; bap. April 27. 
Anna Elisabeth Fortney, d. Caspar and Elisabeth ; b. April 5 ; bap. 

April 27. 
Barbara Cathar. Fischer,d. Georg and Anna ;b. March 16; bap. April 27. 
Maria Miiller, d. Georg and Elisabeth ; b. Jan. 11 ; bap. April 29. 
Maria Fehl, d. Georg and Elisabeth ; b. Feb. 19 ; bap. May 10. 
Jacob (posthumus) Lang, s. Christian and Maria ; (ref.) b. April 3 ; bap. 

May II. 
Elisabeth Reid, d. Peter and Catharina ; (ref.) April 8 ; bap. May 11. 
Sara Grace, d. Johan and Susanna ; b. April 13 ; bap. May 4. 
Eva Catharina Gloninger, d. Philip and Catharina ; b. April 28 ; bap. 

May 16. 
Georg Mainzer, s. Friedrich and Catharina ; b April 4 ; bap. May 18. 
Catharina Miiller, d. Ulrich and Susanna ; b. April 21 ; bap. May 14. 
Jacob Metzgir, s. Jacob and Maria ; b. Feb. 5 ; bap. May 18. 
Elisabeth Merause, d. Peter and Elisabeth ; b. April 27 ; bap. May 18. 
Jacob Fehl, s. Jacob and Magdalena ; b. April 7 ; bap. May 24; 
Jacob Lutter, s. Conrad and Elizabeth, (Ref.); b. March 14 ;bap. May 28. 
Elisabeth Schmidt, d. Johan and Juliana ; b. Oct 11 ; bap. June 4. 
Johan Georg Sinn, s. Christian and Margaret ; b. Nov. 24 ; bap. June 7. 
Magdalena Thomson, d. Samuel and Elisabeth Balspach ; b. March 7 ; 

bap. June 7. 
Johannes Huber, s. Math, and Magdalena ; b. Feb. 1 1 ; bap. June 8. 
Jacob Braun, s Johannes and Elisabeth ; b. March 26 ; bap. June 8. 
Martin Philips, s. Johannes and Catharina ; b. March 4 ; bap. June 8. 
Philip Messerschmidt, s. Georg and Elisabeth ; b. March 22 ; bap. 

June 9. 
Franz Daniel Furray, s. Jacob and Susanna ; b. Oct. 10 ; bap. June 12. 
Wilhelm Mauk, s. Johannes and Ruth ; b. Jan. 31 ; bap. June 13. 



258 The Pe7i7isyPva7iia-Germa7i Society. 

Anna Dorothea Wagner, d. Georg and Anna Dorothea ; b May 22 ; bap. 

June 13. 
Louisa Carr, d. Conrad and Catharina ; (ref.) bap. June 25. 
Johannes Griinau. s. Jacob and Maria ; b. Nov. 1783 ; bap. June 30. 
Elisabeth Glover, d. Archibald and Elisabeth ; bap. June 25. 
PhiHp Kann, s. Peter and Elisabeth ; (ref.) b. June 23 ; bap. July 13. 
Caspar Jordan, s. Martin and EHsabeth ; b. July 17 ; bap. July 27. 
Rosina Schmidt, d. Martin and Eva ; b April 16 ; bap. July 27. 
Jacob Weitzel, s. Philip and Catharina ; b. Dec. 17 ; bap. July 27. 
Elisabeth McCord, d. Thomas and Margaret ; b. Sept. 5, 1793 ; bap. 

July 31. 
Elisabeth Hubert, d. Jacob and Dorothea ; b. July 4 ; bap. August 3. 
Georg Klein, s. Peter and Elisabeth ; b. May 28 ; bap. August 3. 
Wilhelm Glatz, s. Wilhelm and Catharina ; b. August i ; bap. Aug. 3. 
Maria INIagdalena Stech, d. Georg and Magdalena ; b. June 13 ; bap. 

August 6. 
Catharina Dietrich, d. Henrich and Maria ; b. June 19 ; bap. Aug. 10. 
Georg INIarquart, s. Georg and Margar. ; b. August 2 ; bap. August 10. 
Maria Barbara Mayer, d. Christoph and Susanna ; b. July 23 ; bap. 

August 12. 
Barbara Schneider, d. Peter and Barbara ; b. April 19 ; bap. Aug. 23. 
Conrad Kiessinger, s. Conrad and Barbara ; b. Nov. 26, 1793 ; bap. 

August II. 
Joh. Martin .Singer, s. Philip and Margaret ; b. July 12 ; bap. Aug. 22. 
Henrich Sabel, s. Adam and Catharina; b. Dec 2, 93 ; bap. August 22. 
Joh. Paulus Zanzinger, s. Paulus and Esther ; b. March 21 ; bap. Aug. 25. 
Friedrich Ziegler, s. Georg and Catharina ; b. August 7 ; bap. August 25. 
Anna Margaret Jentzer, d. Johannes and Anna Maria ; b. J-uly 9 ; bap. 

August 27. 
Johannes Htiusle, s. Michael and Maria; b. August 24; bap. August 31. 
Georg Bartel, s. Michael and Elisabeth ; b. August 16 ; bap. August 31. 
Friedrich Faringer, s. Jacob Barbara ; b. Jan. 20 ; bap. Sept. 7. 
Carl Weber, s. Joseph and Catharina ; b. Sept. 2 ; bap. Sept, 14. 
Catharina Hensel, d. Wilhelm and INIaria : b. August 22 ; bap. Sept. 21 
Christian Kriiutler, s. Johannes and Louisa ; b. June 18 ; bap. Sept. 22, 
Joseph Schaum, s. Benjamin and Maria ; b. Sept. 5 ; bap. Sept. 28. 
Nicolaus Becker ; b. Feb. 13. 1774 ; bap. Sept. 26. 
Andreas Becker ; bap. Sept. 26. 

Maria Kurz nee Hartman ; b. Nov. 6, 1772 ; bap. Sept. 26. 
Johannes Bastick, s. Johannes and Maria ; b. June 29 ; bap. Sept. 27. 
Elisabeth Dietz, d. Jacob and Barbara ; b. August 25 ; bap. Sept. 28. 
Georg Andreas and Jacob Godfried Klein, s. Christian and Margaret ; 

b. Sept. 18 ; bap. Sept. 28. 



Births and Baptisms. 259 

Elisabeth Hubley, d. Adam and Maria ; 8 years old ; bap. Sept. 28. 
Elisabeth Hubley, d. Joseph and Maria ; b. August 9 ; bap. Sept. 28 
Georg Ackerman, s. Paul and Anna Margar. ; b. July 19 ; bap. Sept. 30. 
Joh. Jacob Panster, s. Peter (ref.) and Christine ; b. Sept. 6 ; bap, 

Sept. 29. 
Catharina Albert, d. Jacob and Catharina ; b. May 28 ; bap. Oct. 6. 
Anna Glover, d. Archibald and Hanna ; b. August 3 ; bap, Oct 6. 
Catharina Mauk, d. Christian and Cathar. ; b. June 5 ; bap. Oct 8. 
Thomas Kelly, s. Thomas and Catharina ; b. Jan. 19; bap. Oct. 11. 
Charlotte Bausman, d. William and Elisabeth ; b. Sept. 9; bap. Oct. 12 
Jacob Scherzer, s. Jacob arid Cathar. ; b. Sept. 7 ; bap. Oct. 12. 
Johannes Peterman, s Jacob and Rosina ; b. Oct. 15 ; bap. Oct. 26. 
Wilhelm East, s. Abraham and Maria ; b. Sept. 22 ; bap. Oct. 26. 
Johannes Kautz, s. Jacob and Margaret ; b. Oct. 16 ; bap. Oct. 27. 
Maria Christina Evans, d. Charles and Christine ; b. Sept. 18 ■ bap 

Oct. 19. 
Samuel Schneider, s. Philip and Christine ; b. Jan. 15 ; bap. Nov. i 
Jacob Weller, s. Johannes and Maria ; b. March 3 ; bap. Nov. 5. 
Maria Muma, d. Philip and Maria ; b. April 30 ; bap. Nov. 5. 
Elisabeth Kiegler, d. Henrich and Maria ; b. Oct. 23 ; bap. Nov. q 
Jacob Freitag, s. Christian and Elisabeth ; b. July 29 ; bap. Nov. 9 
Elisabeth Haussum, d. Peter and Veronica ; b. Feb. 23 ; bap. Nov. 9 
Andreas Seitz, s. Andreas and Eva ; b. Dec. 17 ; bap. Nov. 9. 
Heinrich Boos, s. Henrich and Anna Maria ; b. Oct. 6 ; bap. Nov. 9 
James McPole, s James and Sara ; b. Nov. 6 ; bap. Nov. 10. 
Jacob Seipel, s. Henrich and Susanna ; b. Oct. 20 ; bap. Nov. 16 
Peter Rummel, s. Valentin and Elisabeth ; b. Oct. 16 ; bap Nov 21 
Elisabeth Stech, d. Johan Adam and Veronica ; b. Feb. 16 ; bap. Nov. 21 
Jacob Hildebrand, s. Martin and Maria ; b. Oct. 19 ; bap. Nov. 2" 
Catharina Patterson, d. Clemens and Maria Magdalena ; b. Nov 27 • 

bap. Dec. 3. 
Jacob Urich, s. Zacharias and Margaret Justice ; b. Oct. 18 ; bap. Dec. x. 
Georg Krug Schalner, s. Peter and Margaret ; b. Jan. 2 ; bap. Dec. 4. 
Elisabeth, d. Adam Edelman and Cath. Rudesille ; b. Oct. 20 • bap 

Nov. 30. 
Johan Georg Schimper, s. Philip and Elisabeth ; b. Nov. 19 ; bap. 

Nov. 30. 
Kebecca Schneider, d. Henrich and Catharina; b. Oct. 6, 1789; bap. 

Dec. 3. 
Salome Schneider, d. Henrich and Catharina ; b. Dec. 7, 1791 ; bap. 

Dec. 3. 
Henrich Schneider, s. Henrich and Catharina ; b. August 3, 1794 ; bap.. 

Dec. 3. 



26o The Pennsylvania-German Society. 

Margaret Hasselbach, d. Henrich and Catharina ; b. Nov. 8 ; bap Dec. 7. 
Elisabeth Keller, d. Johannes and Catharina ; b. Jan. 25 ; bap. Dec. 12. 
Georg Miiller, s. Peter and Susanna ; b. Oct. 11 ; bap. Dec 13. 
Heinrich Winan, s. Georg and Elisabeth ; b Nov. 18 ; bap. Dec. 14. 
Elisabeth Konig, d. Georg and Dorothea ; b. Nov. 17 ; bap. Dec. 14. 
Henriette Moser, d Georg and Christine ; b. Nov. 27 ; bap. Dec. 21. 
Elisabeth Bartholomue, d. Johannes and Catharina ; b. Nov. 19 ; bap. 

Dec. 21. 
Maria Catharina Rudesille, d. Jacob and Catharina ; b. Nov. 22 ; bap, 

Dec. 26. 
Joh. Henrich Karchner, s. Johannes and Magdalena ; b. Sept. 24 ; bap. 

Dec. 25. 
Catharina Fischer, d. Adam and Catharina ; b. Sept. 14 ; bap. Dec. 26. 
Anna Maria Hiimmerich, d. Christian and Christine, nee Folz ; b. Dec. 

24 ; bap. Dec. 26. 
Maria Stahl, d. Johan and Margaret ; b. August 14 ; bap. Dec. 28. 
Catharina Stahl, d. Johan and Margaret ; b. July 16, 1792 ; bap. in 

Harrisburg. 

1795- 

Jacob Prey, s. Johannes and Elisabeth ; b. Jan. i ; bap. Jan. 2. 
Susanna and Juliana Weber, d. Christian and Margaret ; b. Sept. 19 ; 

bap. Jan. 3. 
Joh. Georg Bumberger, s. Johannes and Maria ; b. Dec. 13 ; bap. Jan. i. 
Carl Klein, s Michael and Anna Maria ; b. Nov. 28 ; bap. Jan. 4. 
Christoph Leitner, s. Johannes and Margaret ; b. Dec. 26 ; bap. Jan. 6. 
Jacob Dessau, s Ernst and Eva ; b. Dec. 31 ; bap. Jan. 7. 
Elisabeth Patterson, s. Joh. and Catharina ; b. Dec. 28 ; bap. Jan. 11. 
Michael Ganter, s. Michael and Catharina ; b. Jan. i ; bap. Jan. 12. 
Jacob Kraemer, s. Joh. Just and Maria ; b. Jan i ; bap. Jan. 18. 
Justina Hill, d. Gottlieb and Maria ; b. Jan. 19 ; bap. Jan. 19. 
Wilhelm Illing, s. Christoph and Magdalena ; b. Dec. 14 ; bap. Jan. 25. 
Jacob Lehman, s. Daniel ; b. 1760 ; bap. Jan. 25. 
Jacob Lehman, s. Jacob and Cathar ; b. Dec. 28 ; bap. Jan. 25. 
Anna Catharina Minshall, d. Thomas and Rebecca; b. Jan. 12; bap. 

Jan. 25. 
Johan, and Joh. Jacob Bigy, (twins) Franz and Eva ; b. Jan. 19; bap. 

Jan. 25. 
Elisabeth Bart, d. Martin and Susanna ; b. August 29 ; bap. Feb. 11. 
Philip Meseneope, s. Philip and Anna ; b. Jan. 7 ; bap. Feb. 15. 
Joh. Henrich Mathiot, s. Joh. and wife ; b. Jan. 16 ; bap. Feb. 15. 
Margaret Brunner, d. Caspar and Maria ; b. Oct. 3 ; bap. Feb. 18. 



Births and Baptisms. 261 

Elisabeth Meyer, d. Jacob and Maria ; b. Jan. i8 ; bap. Feb. 22. 
Andreas Holzwart, s. Adam and Catliarina ; b. Jan. 31 ; bap. Feb. 2. 
Michael Baer, s. Michael and Catharina ; b. Feb. 19 ; bap. Feb. 25. 
Andreas Backinstoss, s. Jacob and Catharina ; b. Feb. 19 ; bap. Feb. 25. 
Elisabeth Heigelman, d. Ludwig and Regina ; b. Jan. 24 ;bap. March i. 
Wilhelm Kurz, s. Wilhelm and Maria ; b Feb. 23 ; bap. March 4. 
Mathilda Michael, d. Wilhelm and Susanna ; b. Jan 31 ; bap. March 6. 
Margaret Lautebach, d. Michael and Anna Margar b. Feb. 26 ; bap. 

March 8. 
Joh. Nicolaus Kohl, s. Nicolaus and Dorothea ; b. March i ; bap. 

March 8 
William Augustus Rigg, s. Elija and wife ; bap. March 8. 
Elisabeth Rowlingson, d. Robert and Anna ; b. Feb. 14 ; bap. March 8. 
Wilhelm Steffe, s. Wilhelm and Margaret ; b. May 31, 1794 ; bap. 

March 17. 
Jacob Pflug, s. Henrich and Margar ; b. Jan. 15, 1794; bap. March 17. 
Joseph May, s Jacob and Catharina ; b. Sept. 8, 1794 ; bap. March 17. 
Jacob Springer, s. Jacob and Barbara ; b. July (i, 1794 ; bap. March 17. 
Anna Haubentobler, d. Isaac and Elisabeth ; b. Sept. 5, 1794 ; bap. 

March 17. 
Henrich Trenner, s. Conrad and Barbara ; b. Dec. 4, 1794 ; bap. March 17. 
Samuel Wade, s James and Hanna ; b. Feb. 13, 1794 ; bap. March 17. 
Elisabeth Burns, d. James and Elisabeth ; b. Oct 29, 1793 ; bap. March 17. 
Salome Weidele, d. Friedrich and Susanna ; b. Feb. 16 ; bap. March 22. 
Rosina Triffenbach, d. Georg and Susanna ; b. Feb. 18 ; bap. March 22. 
Sara Alexander, d. William and Rebecca ; b. Oct. 26 ; bap. March 23. 
Salome Brunghart, d. Georg and Philippini ; b. Feb. 14 ; b. March 29. 
Johan Rau. Jordan, s. Owen and Elisabeth ; b. Aug. 29 ; bap March 22. 
Johan Bondel, s. Johan and widow Maria Schmidt; b. Feb 6; bap. 

March 20. 
Michael Wood, s. Christoph and Catharina ; b. March 4 ; bap. March 27. 
Johanna Kehn ; bap. April i. 
Maria Schmidt ; bap. April i. 
Elisabeth Fiinfrock, d. Nathanael and Barbara ; b. March 12 ; bap. 

April 6. 
Christian Rein, s. Christian and Barbara ; b. July 29 ; bap. April 6. 
Immanuel Hiller, s. Johan and Catharina ; b. Jan. 28 ; bap. April 9. 
Peter Heinkel, s. Jost and Catharina ; b. Jan. i ; bap. April 9. 
Veronica Seibert, d. Peter and Sara ; b. March 5 ; bap. April 9. 
Anna Elisabeth Gerlitz, d. Peter and Elisabeth ; b. April 24, 1794 ; bap. 

April 9. 
Friedrich August Hall Muhlenberg, s. Henrich and Maria Catharina ; b. 

March 14 ; bap. April 10. 



262 The Pennsylvania-German Society. 

Georg Lauman, s. Joh. and Maria; b. March 26; bap. April 12. 
Johannes Mose, s Johan and Margaret ; b. August 4 ; bap. April 14. 
Abraham Gips, s. Abraham and Dorothea ; b. March 9 ; bap. April 19. 
Catharina Vister, d. Georg and Sophia ; b. Oct. i, 1794 ; bap. April 19. 
Daniel Knight, s. Michael and Barbara ; b. Dec. 17 ; bap. April 19. 
Henrich Albrecht, s. Georg and Elisabeth ; b Jan. 21 ; bap. April 28. 
Elisabeth Gottschall, d. Ludvvig and Barbara ; b. Feb. 15 ; bap. April 19. 
Albrecht Miiller, s. Albrecht and Catharina ; b. June 20 ; bap. April 19. 
Sara Sandeau.x, d. Carl and Sara ; b. Dec. 25 ; bap. April 19. 
Margaret Schaum, d. Melchior and wife ; b. April 6 ; bap. April 25. 
Henrich Miiller, s. Henrich and Anna Maria ; b. Feb. 7 ; bap. May 10. 
Joh. Henrich Herman, s. Henrich and Elisabeth ; b Dec. 28 ; bap. 

May 10. 
Jacob Weber, s. Andreas and Rosina ; b. Dec. 25 ; bap May 12. 
Johannes Hirsch, s. Johannes and Catharina ; b. April 14 ; bap. May 17. 
Margaret Kurz, d. Johannes and Maria ; b. April 16 ; bap. May 17. 
Joh. Friedrich Kepperle, s. Friedrich and Maria ; b. Jan. 14 ; bap May 23. 
Elisabeth Schelleberger, d. Michael and Elisabeth ; b. Jan. 27 ; bap. 

May 24. 
Elisabeth Nagel, d. Joseph and Maria Magdal. ; b. Dec. 25 ; bap. May 25. 
Georg Keller, s. Friedrich and Elisabeth ; b. Oct. 14 ; bap May 25. 
Elisabeth Klug d. Gottfried and Maria ; b. May 28 ; bap June 6. 
Rosina Dietrich, d. Michael aud wife ; b. April 7 ; bap. June 7. 
Elisabeth Brenneisen, d. Jacob and Elisabeth ; b Oct. 6 ; bap. June 12. 
Hanna Galosky, d. Henrich and Barbara ; b. April 10 ; bap. June 7. 
Joseph Folz, s. Andreas and widow Hanna Miiller ; b. March 27 ; bap. 

June 7. 
Catharina Braun, d. Samuel and Barbara ; b. Jan. 22 ; bap. June 8. 
Johannes Heilbrunner, s. Johannes and Catharina; b. Nov. 17; bap. 

June 13. 
Jeane Malson, d. Jacob and Elisabeth ; b. Feb. 10 ; bap. June 14. 
Henrich Sternfels, s. Conrad and Catharina ; b. June 21 ; bap. June 26. 
Margaret Gebel, d. Jacob and Christine ; b. June 7 ; bap. June 28. 
Matthias Gotz, s Peter (Ref.) and Catharina, ; b. May 15 ; bap. July 5. 
Johannes Ackerman, s Philip and Catharina ; b June 25 ; bap. July 2. 
Robert Henry, s. Robert and Cath. Hut; (ref.) b. June i ; bap. July 3^ 
Joseph Evans, s. John and Susanna ; b June 16 ; bap. July 3. 
Margaret Miiller, d. Franz and Catharina ; b. April 27 ; bap. July 5. 
Catharina Meyer, d. Johannes and Susanna ; b. June 21 ; bap. July 5. 
Joh. Adam Trager, s. Adam and Salome; b. May 16 ; bap. July 5. 
Ann Muckleroy, d. Henry and Susanna ; b. Feb. 16 ; bap. July 5. 
Salome Gartner, d. Johannes and Isabella; b. April 17 ; bap. July 5. 
Ludwig Burg, s. Johannes and Barbara ; b. June 17 ; bap. July 5. 



Births and Baptisms. 263 

Catharina Heiss, d. Johannes and Maria ; b. June 2 ; bap. July 12. 

Anna Strobel, d. Jacob and Susanna ; b Jan. 25 ; bap. July 12. 

Anna Maria Fritz, d. Nicolaus and Anna Maria ; b. Oct. 26, 1793 ; bap. 

July 21. 
Johannes Lafatty, s James and Margaret ; b. Jan. 23 ; bap. July 28. 
Anna Maria Eva Mehling, d. Johannes and Magdalena ; b. July 29 ; bap. 

August I. 
Margaret Schwenk, d. Peter and Margaret ; b. May 22 ; bap. August 2. 
Jacob Lotman, s. Georg and Margaret ; b. Nov. 18 ; bap. August 2. 
Elisabeth McGrahan, d. Alexander and Elisabeth ; b. Nov. 27 ; bap. 

August 2. 
Elisabeth Nauman, d. Gottlieb and wife ; b. Jan. 14 ; bap. August 9. 
Johannes Heinkel, s. Peter and Magdalena ; b. May 12 ; bap. August 16. 
Catharina McCake, d. Hugh and Maria ; b. Dec. 24 ; bap. August 26. 
Elisabeth Bauer, d. Johannes and Catharina ; b. Feb. 5 ; bap. Sept. 2. 
Susanna Hambright, d. Joh. and Susanna ; b. Aug. 18 ; bap. Aug. 30. 
Johannes Albrecht, s. Henrich and Catharina ; b. Nov. 12 ; bap. Aug. 30. 

Samuel Deitz, s. Samuel and wife ; b. August 27 ; bap. Nov. 

Johannes Keller, s. Andreas and Christine ; b. August 9 ; bap Sept. 2. 
Andreas Sprecher, s. Jacob and Elisabeth ; b. August 31 ; bap. Sept. 2. 
Maria Anna Grace, d. John and Susanna ; b. July 29 ; bap. Sept. 6. 
Carolina Amalia Zanzinger, d. Paulus and Esther ; b. Aug. 30 ; bap. 

Sept. 13. 
Henrich Schreiner, s. Martin and Eva ; b. Sept. 4 ; bap. Sept. 16. 
Anna Feit, d. Benedict and Sara ; b. Oct. 1793 ; bap. Sept. 20. 
Maria Apollonia Heinwig, d. Ludwig and Salome; b. July 11; bap. 

Sept. 25. 
Margaret Kautz, d. Christian and Elisabeth ; b. July 15, '94 ; bap. Sept. 24. 
Anna Rathvon, d. Jacob and Elisabeth ; b. August 27 ; bap. Oct. 4. 
Catharina But, d. Peter and Rebecca ; b. Sept. 20 ; bap. Oct. 4. 
Michael Nagel, s. Jacob and Catharina ; b. Sept. 29 ; bap. Oct. 4. 
Magdalena Dietrich, d. Henrich and Magdalena ; b. May 23; bap. Oct. 5, 
Jacob Klein, s. Peter and Barbara ; b. Feb. i ; bap. Oct. 13. 
Michael Diirstler, s. Michael and Anna Maria ; b. May 17 ; bap. Oct. 13. 
Anna Dougherty, d. Joseph and Barbara ; b. Dec. 15 ; bap. Oct. 13. 
Jacob Brenner, s. Georg and Christine ; b. May 7 ; bap. Oct. 14. 
Joh. Adam Deschler, s. Adam and Debora ; b. Sept. 18 ; bap. Oct. 11. 
Elisabeth Jost, d. Johan and Barbara ; b. Sept 3 ; bap. Oct. 18. 
Georg Schweitzer, s. Johan and Barbara ; b. Oct. 22 ; bap. Oct. 22. 
Johannes Fischer, s. Georg and Maria ; b. Sept. 16 ; bap. Oct. 25. 
Henrich Schreiber, s. Johannes and Christine ; b. Oct. 28 ; bap. Oct. 31. 
Wilhelm Christoph Heinitz, s. Carl and Sophia ; b. Oct. 18 ; bap Nov. i. 
Maria Mehrig, d. Wilhelm and Hanna ; b. Sept. 29 ; bap. Nov. i. 



264 The Pe7i7isylva7iia-Ge7'man Society. 

Johannes Bastic, s. Wilhelm and Margaret ; b. Sept. 6 ; bap. Nov. i. 
Jacob Bartel, s. Michael and Elisabeth ; b. Oct. 17 ; bap. Nov. 8. 
Margaret Gump, d. Michael and Margaret ; b. Oct. 10 ; bap. Nov. 8. 
Elisabeth Jordan, d. Owen and Elisabeth ; b. Nov. 10 ; bap. Nov. 12. 
Jacob Lutz, s. Georg and Elisabeth ; b August i ; bap. Nov. 21. 
Marg. Veronica Stehme, d Tobias and wife ; b Sept 18 ; bap. Nov. 13. 
Abraham Simson, s. David and Cathar.; b. July 22 ; bap. Nov. 13. 
Anna Maria Hornberger, d. Stephan and Susanna; b. Oct. 15; bap. 

Nov. 15. 
Andreas Weiss, s. Andreas and Margaret ; b. Oct. 12 ; bap. Nov 22. 
Susanna Jost, d Philip and Elisabeth ; b. Sept. 8 ; bap. Nov. 30. 
Johannes Kuhn, s. Nicolaus and Beata ; b June 30, 1793 ; bap. Dec. 2. 
Daniel Schlichter, s. David and Catharina ; b. Oct. 21 ; bap Nov. 9. 
Johannes Hausle, s. Friedrich and Catharina ; b. Nov. 29, '94 ; bap. 

Nov. 29. 
Georg Weidele, s. Christian and wife Rosina ; b. Oct. 12, 1788; bap. 

Dec. 4. 
Jacob Weidele, s. Christian and wife Rosina ; b. Jan. i, 1790 ; bap Dec 4. 
Wilhelm Weidele, s. Christian and wife Rosina ; b. Sept 26, 1791 ; bap. 

Dec. 4. 
Christian Weidele, s. Christian and wife Rosina; b. May i, 1793 ; bap. 

Dec. 4. 
Henrich Weidele, s. Christian and wife Rosina ; b. Nov. 21, 1795 ; bap. 

Dec. 4. 
James McNaughton, s. James and Maria ; b Nov. 20 ; bap. Dec. 11. 
Elisabeth Bayer, d. Johannes and Margaret ; b. May 26 ; bap. Dec. 15. 
Georg Vogt, s. Matthaeus and Christine ; b Nov. 27 ; bap. Dec. 16. 
Philip Lehnherr, s. Georg and Elisabeth ; b. Nov. 8 ; bap. Dec. 20. 
Catharina Weber, d. Joseph and Catharina ; b. Nov. 30 ; bap. Dec. 19. 
Georg Gross, s. Jacob and Elisabeth ; b. Nov. 3 ; bap. Dec. 27. 
Margaret Glatz, d. Wilhelm and Catharina ; b. Dec. 4 ; bap. Dec. 27. 

1796. 

Wilhelm Holzwart, s. Adam and Catharina ; b. Dec. 25 ; bap. Jan. i. 
Sara, d. Catharina Marquart and Wilhelm Atlee ; b. Jan. 8 ; bap. Jan. 19. 
Joh. Henrich Albrecht, s. Jacob and Sophia ; b. Dec. 10 ; bap. Jan. 20. 
Heinrich Salzman, s. Johannes and Catharina ; b. Nov. 13 ; bap. Jan. 21. 
Christine Heyervvald, d. Friedrich and Margaret; b. Jan 26 ; bap. Jan. 26. 
Christian Schneider, s. Christian and Catharina ; b Jan 3 ; bap Jan. 27. 
Jacob Schantz, s. Jacob and Anna Maria ; b. Oct. 13 ; bap. Jan. 28. 
Johan Ludwig Thomas, s. Eberhard and Magdalena ; b. Jan. 23 ; bap. 
Jan. 28. 



Births and Baptisms. 265 

Sara Rein, d. Johannes and Susanna ; b. Jan 14, 1795 ; bap. Jan 31. 
Harriet Jenkins, d Richard and Catharina ; b. Jan. 25 ; bap. Jan. 31. 
Jacob Keller, s. Georg and Catharina ; b. Nov. 21 ; bap Feb. 7. 
Maria Magdalen Keller, d. Johannes and Barbara; b. Dec. 21 ; bap. Feb. 7. 
Jacob Meraiix, s Peter and Elisabeth ; b. Jan. 6 ; bap. Feb. 7. 
Catharina Folz, d. Christian and Christina ; b. Dec 26 ; bap. Feb. 14. 
Maria Dietrich, d. Lorenz and Magdalena ; b. Feb. 4 ; bap. Feb. 21. 
Elisabeth Albrecht, d. Heinrich and Margaret ; b. Jan. 23 ; bap. March i. 
Susanna Schott, d. Jacob and INIaria Magdalena ; b. Feb. 20 ; bap. 

March 2. 
Daniel Gass, s. Peter and Elisabeth ; b. Feb. 12, 1795 ; bap. March 27. 
Elisabeth Scholte, d. Wilhelm and Sophia ; b. Nov. i ; bap. March 27. 
Jacob Dinger, s. Johannes and Catharina ; b. Feb. 18 ; bap. March 27. 
Catharina Magdalena Guntacker, d. Johannes and Catharina ; b. March 

I ; bap. March 27. 
Joh Heinrich Guntacker, s. Michael and Barbara ; b. March 6 ; bap. 

March 27. 
Michael Kuhns, s. Michael and Elisabeth ; b. Feb 28 ; bap. March 9. 
Magdalena Eschelman, d. Joh. and wife ; b. March 4, 1777 ; bap. March 23. 
Wilh. Arbuckel ; b. March 26, 1775 ; bap. March 23. 
Christ. Murphy ; b. 1780 ; bap. March 23. 
Joh. Rau Peter Jung, s. Benjamin and Catharina ; b. Jan. 11 ; bap. 

March 28. 
Joh. Heinrich Techtmeyer, s. Ludwig and Sus. Barbara ; b March 9 ; 

bap. March 28. 
Johan, s. Barbara Kuhns and Johannes Meyer ; b. March 12; bap. April 3. 
Catharina Lehman d. Jacob and Catharina ; b. March 13 ; bap. April 3. 
Margaret Turner, d. Thomas and Maria ; b. March 5 ; bap. April 10. 
Margaret Faringer, d. Jacob and Barbara ; b. Oct. 16 ; bap. April 10. 
Susanna Lutz, d. Caspar and Maria ; b. Nov. 7, 179,5 ; bap. April 10. 
Ludwig Nass, s. Georg and Elisabeth ; h. June 24, 1793 ; bap. April 10. 
Wilhelm Nass, s. Georg and Elisabeth ; b Oct. 24, 1795 ; bap. April 10. 
Georg Heits. s. Peter and Catharina ; b. Nov. 21, '95 ; bap. April 10. 
Joh. Wilhelm Kohl, s Nicolaus and Dorothea ; b. April 5 ; bap. April 24. 
Jacob Mayer, s. Christoph and Susanna ; b. April 3 ; bap. April 26. 
Susanna Folz, d. Bernhard and Barbara ; b Feb. 28 ; bap. May i. 
Benjamin Feit, s. Benedict and Sara ; b March 3 ; bap. May i. 
Henrich Brenner, s. Christoph and Elisabeth ; b. March 14 ; bap. May i. 
Magdalena Stech, d. Gerhard and Maria ; b. Sept. 25 ; bap. May 5. 
Johannes Bender, s. Philip and Elisabeth ; b. March 27 ; bap. May 8. 
Dorothea Lehr, d. Peter and Elisabeth ; b March 20 ; bap. May 8. 
James Keppler, s. Jacob and Mary ; b March 4 ; bap. May 8. 



266 The Pennsylvania-German Soaety. 

Anna Catharina Friedeborn, d. Georg and Catharina ; b. Feb. 17 ; bap. 

May 8. 
James Richards, s. James and Margaret ; b. March 15 ; bap. May 11. 
Wilhelm Bastick, s. Johannes and Maria ; b. Jan. 28 ; bap. May 15. 
Catharina Forris, d. Joseph and Elisabeth ; b. March 24 ; bap May 15. 
Elisabeth Peterman, d. Joachim and Elisabeth ; b. April 8 ; bap. May 15. 
Georg Geiss, s. Johannes and INIaria ; b. Sept. 5 ; bap. May 16. 
Christina Gerlitz, d. Michael and Elisabeth ; b. Dec. i ; bap. May 16. 
Henrich Schindel, s. Peter and Elisabeth ; b. Sept. 30 ; bap. May 15. 
Margaret Baer, d. Michael and Catharina ; b. April 14 ; bap. May 16. 
Joseph Weber, s. Christian and Margaret ; b. March 31 ; bap. May 19. 
Henrietta Moser, d. Wilhelm and Elisabeth ; b. April 24 ; bap. May 20, 
Michael Carrigan, s. Jacob and Margaret ; b Oct. 31 ; bap. May 29. 
Jacob Fentzer, s. Jacob and Barbara ; b. Nov. 26 ; bap. May 29. 
Elisabeth Nesselroth, d. Israel and Christine ; b. Nov. 19 ; bap. V'ay 29. 
Anna .Maria Dunkel, d. Georg and Barbara ; b. Nov. 14 ; bap. May 29. 
Maria Brenner, d. Adam and Catharina ; b. Dec. 9 ; bap. May 29. 
Johannes Epple, s. Jacob and Catharina ; b. March 15 ; bap. May 29. 
Catharina Schweicker, d Felix and Christine; b. July 6, 1793; bap. 

May 29 
Adam Schuck, s. Thomas and Catharina ; b. May 17, 1791 ; bap. May 29. 
Susanna Schuck, d. Thomas and Catharina ; b. August 4, 1793 ; bap. 

May 29. 
Elisabeth Urban, d. Georg and Barbara ; b. July 22 ; bap. May 29. 
Samuel Hiller, s. Johannes and Catharina ; b. March 18 ; bap. May 31. 
Eva Benedict, d. Philip and Dorothea ; b. April 27 ; bap. June 3. 
Catharina Schmidt, d. Johannes and Juliana ; b.'Oct. 5, 1795 ; bap June 4. 
Georg Miiller, s. Martin and Catharina ; b. May 24 ; bap. June 12. 
Samuel Bauer, s. Johannes and Elisabeth ; b. Feb. 24 ; bap June 24. 
Elisabeth Pratt, d. Johannes and Sabina ; b. Sept. i, 1794 ; bap. July 3. 
Joseph Kautz, s. Jacob and Margaret ; b. July 2 ; bap. July 5. 
Elisabeth Bartsfill, d. Adam and Elisabeth ; b. August 28 ; bap. July 19. 
Samuel Stech, s. Philip and Sabina ; b. Oct. 2 ; bap. July 19. 
Samuel Eberle, s. Johannes and Anna ; b. April 23 ; bap. July 19. 
Ann Senger, d. Johannes and Catharina ; b. May 15 ; bap. July 24. 
Maria Wenditz, d. Daniel and Susanna ; b. June 6 ; bap. July 24. 
Peter Kraemer, s. Peter and Anna Maria ; b. Dec 23. 1793 ; bap. July 24. 
Elisabeth Fehl, d. Georg and Elisabeth ; b. April 24 ; bap. July 24. 
Hiskia Roh, s. Jeremia and Catharina ; b. Dec. 11, 1795 ; bap. July 24. 
Johannes Metzger, s. Jacob and Maria ; b. July 16 ; bap. July 24. 
Ann and Alexander (twins) McCord, of Thomas and Margaret ; b. May 

18, 1 791 ; bap. July 26. 
Thomas McCord, s. Thomas and Margaret ; b July 20, 1795; bap. July 26. 



Births and Baptisms. 267 

Johannes Reinhard, s. Johannes and Maro:aret ; b. Dec. 13, 1792 ; bap. 

July 28. 
Magdalena Philip, d. Johan and Cathanna ; b. March 17 ; bap. July 31. 
Maria Hornberger, d. Joh. Henr. and Anna Eva; b. June 26; bap. Aug. i- 
Elisabeth Brooks, d. William and Ann ; b. March 14, 1794 ; bap. Aug. 17* 
Johannes Ackerman, s. Philip and Catharina ; b July 13 ; bap. July 31. 
Henrich Hambright, s. Joh. and Susanna ; b. August 7 ; bap. August 15. 
Sus. Barbara Hasselbach, d. Heinrich and Gather. ; b. July 24 ; bap. 

August 14. 
Elisabeth Steward, d. Samuel and Elisabeth ; b. Aug. 10 ; bap. Aug. 14. 
Eva Hains, d. Amos and Dorothea ; b. Oct. 18 ; bap. August 21. 
Johannes Marzall, s. Johannes and Maria Magdalen ; b. July 11 ; bap. 

August 27. 
Peter Burns, s. James and Elisabeth ; b. Oct. 17, 1795 ; bap. Aug. 22. 
Henrich Jost, s. Wilhelm and Elisabeth ; b July 21 ; bap. August 22. 
Henrich Schneider, s. Philip and Christine ; b. July 12 ; bap August 22. 
Catharina Jost, d. Johan and Catharina ; b Feb. 14 ; bap. August 22. 
Johan May, s. Jacob and Catharina ; b. Feb. 4 ; bap. August 22. 
Catharina Klehr, d. Heinrich and Maria ; b. Aug. 16, 1795 ; bap. Aug. 22. 
David Volk, s. Caspar and Sara ; b. Aug. 31, 1794 ; bap Aug. 22. 
Elisabeth East, d. Abraham and Maria ; b. August 7 ; bap. August 28. 
Elisabeth Glatz, d Georg. and Emilia ; b. Aug. 11 ; bap. Aug. 28. 
Heinrich and Georg Mainzer, (twins) s Friedrich and Catharina ; b. July 

8 ; bap August 31. 
Esther, d. Jean, (a mulatto) and Simon Stahl ; b. Aug. 28 ; bap Sept. 3 
Joh. Martin Schaum, s. Philip and wife ; b. August 13 ; bap. Sept. 4. 
Philip Mehling, s. Johannes and Magdalena ; b. Aug. 23 ; bap. Sept. 4. 
Martha Glen, d. John and Eleonora ; b. Feb. 9 ; bap. Sept 10. 
Georg Lefever, s. Elias and Catharina ; b. July 19, 1795 ; bap. Sept. 10. 
Johannes George, s. David and Anna Maria ; b. Jan. 20 ; bap. Sept 11. 
John Kelly, s. Samuel and Agnes ; b. May 28 ; bap. Sept. 25. 
Paul Dunkel, s Peter and Anna ; b. July 25 ; bap. Sept. 18. 
Hanna Miller, d. Robert and Eva ; b April 9 ; bap. Sept. 18. 
Catharina Leible, d. Andreas and Elisabeth ; b. Aug. 9 ; bap. Sept. 18. 
Catharina Humerich, d. Joh. Christian and Christine ; b April 18, 1795]; 

bap Sept. 25. 
•Georg Philip Humerich, s. Joh Christian and Christine ; b. August 19; 

bap. Sept. 25. 
David Steiner, s. Georg and Elisabeth ; b. Dec. 17 ; bap. Oct. 7. 
Jacob Schner, s. Gottlieb and Sabina ; b. June 16, 1793 ; bap. Sept 30. 
Gottlieb Schner, s. Gottlieb and Sabina ; b. June 29, 1796 ; bap. Sept. 30. 
Susanna Lotman, d. Georg and Rosina ; b. July 13 ; bap. Oct. 9. 
Maria Schmidt, d. Wilhelm and Catharma ; b. Sept. 5 ; bap. Oct. 9. 



268 The Pennsylvanza-German Society. 

Maria Gusman, d. Johannes and Maria ; b. July 8 ; bap. Oct. i8. 
Andrew Stewart, s. Edward and Mary ; b. Oct. 5 ; bap Oct. 30. 
Henry Pickel, s. Adam and INIaria ; b. May i ; bap. Nov. 5. 
Henrich Gingerich, s. Henrich and Catharina ; b. May 25 ; bap. Nov. 12. 
Sara Braiin, d. Joseph and Catharina; b. Oct. 6 ; bap. Nov. 13. 
Daniel Dietrich, s. Heinrich and Maria ; b. Sept. 6 ; bap. Nov. 9. 
Dorothea Nagel, d. Christoph and Margaret ; b. Oct. 26 ; bap. Nov. 14. 
Ann Spear, d Ewing and Juliana ; b. August 1792 ; bap. Nov. 14. 
Andreas Becker, s. Andreas and Elisabeth ; b. June 15 ; bap. Nov. 20. 
Adam Heins, s. Johan and Elisabeth ; b. July 26 ; bap. Nov. 16. 
Joh. Adam Schweicker, s. Martin and Christine ; b. May 6 ; bap. Nov. 20. 
Elisabeth Witt, d. Georg and Barbara ; b. Sept. 13 ; Dap. Nov. 20. 
Friedrich Ohlweiler, s. Friedrich and Barbara ; b. Sept. i ; bap. Dec. 3. 
Moses Wood, s. Moses and Christine ; b. Dec. 5 ; bap. Dec. 10. 
Sara Sprecher, d. Jacob and Elisabeth ; b. Nov. 19 ; bap. Dec. 11. 
Jacob Rees, s. James and Elisabeth ; b. June 5 ; bap. Dec. 11. 
William Smith Roberts; s. Thomas and Catharina ; b. April 3 ; bap. 

Dec. 16. 
Johannes Frick, s. Friedrich and wife ; b. Dec. 13 ; bap. Dec 26. 
Catharina Mayer, d. Jacob and Maria ; b. Nov. 25 ; bap. Dec. 26. 
Elisabeth Huber, d. Matthaeus and Magdalena ; b. April 30 ; bap. Jan. 

I, 1797- 

1797- . 

Jacob Kurz, s. Christian and Magdalena ; b. Nov. 28 ; bap. Jan. i. 
Joh Michael Schindel, s. Jacob and Elisabeth ; b. Oct. 26 ; bap. Jan. i. 
Andrew Waugh, s. Abraham and Agnes ; b. June 22 ; bap. Jan. 6. 
Ludwig Kleine, s. Philip and Magdalena ; b. Nov. 20 ; bap. Jan. 8. 
Sara Rudesille, d. Jacob and Maria Cathar ; b. Dec 31 ; bap Jan. 8. 
Daniel Ganter, s. Michael and Catharina ; b. Jan. 3 ; bap. Jan. 9. 
Elisabeth Horner, d. Johannes and Margaret ; b. Sept 9 ; bap. Jan. 16. 
Elisabeth Wienau, d. Georg and Elisabeth ; b. Dec. 21 ; bap. Jan. 22. 
Maria Kurz, d. Johannes and Maria ; b. Oct. 14 ; bap. Jan. 24. 
Catharina Schneider, d. Heinrich and Catharina ; b Sept. 23 ; bap. 

Jan. 24. 
David McCarsley, s. Maxwell and Mary ; b. Jan. 8 ; bap. Jan. 25. 
William Turner, s. Thomas and Hanna ; b. Sept. 24 ; bap. Jan. 25. 

Kurz, Wilhelm and Maria ; b. Nov. 27 ; bap. Jan 29. 

Maria Schmidt, d. Friedrich and Maria ; b. Dec. 9, 1795 ; bap. Jan. 28. 
Martha Mayer, d. Jacob and Catharina; b. Feb. 21, 1794; bap. Jan. 28. 
Susanna Steierwald, d Eberhard and Susanna ; b. Dec. 26 ; bap. Feb. 5. 
William Watts, s. Robert and Charlotte ; b Dec. 6 ; bap. Feb. 12. 



Births and Baptisms. 269 

Elisabeth and Rebecca Fischer, (twins) d. Georg and Maria ; b. Feb. 3 ; 

bap. Feb. 7. 
Juliana Schmidt, d. Martin and Eva ; b. Jan. 4 ; bap. Feb. 12. 
Mary Catharina Hopkins, d. John and Ann ; b. Dec. 7 ; bap. Feb. 12. 
Margaret Merker, d. Philip and Margaret ; b Jan 22 ; bap. Feb. 12. 
Georg Feterman, s. Jacob and Rosina ; b. Dec. 30 ; bap. Feb. 19. 
Magdalena Schweitzer, d. Johannes and Barbara ; b. Feb. 17 ; bap. 

Feb. 23. 
Johannes Gips, s. Abraham and Dorothea ; b. Feb. 28 ; bap. Feb 28. 
Samuel Schneider, s. Peter and Barbara ; b. Oct. 18 ; bap. March 2. 
Elisabeth Gebel, d. Jacob and Christine ; b. Feb. 11 ; bap. March 4. 
David Schalleberger, s. Michael and Elisabeth; b. July 3, 1796; bap. 

March 5. 
Eva Metzger, d. Jonas and Eva ; b. Nov. 11, 1796 ; bap. March 5. 
Elisabeth Wagner, d. Balthasar and Cathar ; b. Jan. 10 ; bap March 5. 
Ernst Dessau, s Ernst and Eva ; b. Feb. 11 ; bap. March 12. 
Elisabeth Gillard, d. John and Margaret ; b. Jan. i ; bap. March 12. 
Sara Bryan, d. John and Eleonore ; b. Feb. 17 ; bap. March 19. 
Johan Georg Oberdorf, s. Michael and Barbara ; b. Dec. 8 ; bap. 

March 21. 
Elisabeth Singer, d. Martin and Rosina ; b. Feb. 5 ; bap. March 28. 
Friedrich Koehler, s. Peter and Catharina ; b. Feb. 25 ; bap. March 28. 
Anna Maria Evans, d. Johannes and Susanna ; b. Feb. 4 ; bap. April 4. 
Georg Ehrig, s. Wilhelm and Hanna ; b. Sept. 3 ; bap. April 4. 
Catharine Fautz, d. Christine Radmacher, a widow ; b. Dec. 25, 1778 ; 

bap April 7. 
Catharine Ziegler, (parents dead) bap. April 7. 
William Hatton, s. William and Maria ; b. 1773 ; bap. April 7. 
John Beach, s. Samuel and Ann ; b. April 3 ; bap. April 8. 
Jacob Stahl, s Johannes and Margaret ; b. Dec. 3, '96 ; bap. April 9. 
Elisabeth Singer, d Philip and Margaret ; b. April 28, '96 ; bap. April 12. 
Maria Knecht, d. Michael and Barbara ; b. Feb. 18 ; bap. April 13. 
Georg Bigy, s Franz and Eva ; b. Nov. 14 ; bap. April 17. 
Georg Heinkel, s. Jostand Catharina; b. Feb. 21 ; bap. April 17. 
Sara Reissinger, s Carl and Catharina ; b. Nov. 28, '94 ; bap. April 17. 
Elisabeth Hensel, d. Wilhelm and Anna Maria ; b. Feb. 19 ; bap. 

April 18. 
Anna Maria Bast, d. Martin and Susanna ; b. Nov. 30 ; bap. April 30. 
Elisabeth Klein, d. Peter and Elisabeth ; b. March 12 ; bap. May 6 
Maria Albert, d. Georg and Elisabeth ; b. Jan i ; bap. May 6. 
Elisabeth Selbert, d. Andreas and wife ; b. March 8 ; bap. May 7. 
Johannes Reutlinger, s. Johannes and Margaret; b. April 24 ;bap. May 8. 
Joh. Melchior Hill, s. Gottlieb and Sara ; b. April 6 ; bap. May 7. 



■2/0 The Pen7isylvania-German Society. 

Johannes Braun, s. Johannes and Elisabeth ; b. March 6 ; bap. May 9. 
Johannes Steyervvald, s. Friedrich and Margaret ; b. April 26 ; bap. 

May 8. 
Catharina Bauer, d. Johannes and Catharina ; b. Oct. 8 ; bap. May 13. 
Maria Magdalena Lager, d. Friedrich and Elisabeth ; b. April 17 ; bap. 

May 14. 
Anna Margaret Klein, d. Heinrich and Elisabeth ; b. Feb. 25 ; bap. 

May 14. 
Maria Lafatty, d. James and Margaret ; b. April 30 ; bap. May 15. 
Johannes Volk, s Georg and Catharina ; b. Jan. 22 ; bap. May 16. 
Catharina Hirsch, d. Johannes and Catharina ; b. Dec. 14 ; bap. May 16. 
Maria Catharina Hildebrand, d. Martin and Maria ; b. March 8 ; bap. 

May 18 
Benjamin Dietz, s. Samuel and Sara ; b. Dec. 29, '96 ; bap. May 21. 
Henrich Kugler, s. Henrich and Maria ; b. April 24 ; bap. May 21. 
John Menoc, s. Hugh and Martha ; b. May 15 ; bap. May 21. 
Jacob Imanuel Krug, s. Valentin and Eva ; b. May 15 ; bap. May 26. 
Anna Maria Gumpf, d. Christoph and Anna Maria ; b. March 28; bap. 

May 28. 
John Rowlingson, s Robert and Anna ; b. April 23 ; bap. May 28. 
Heinrich Scheurig, s. Nicolaus and Catharina ; b. March 27, '96 ; bap 

May 29. 
Catharina Schwenck, d. Peter and Margaret ; b. April 3 ; bap. June 3. 
Maria Bastic, d. Wilhelm and Margaret ; b. May 19 ; bap. June 3. 
Susanna Strobel, d. Jacob and Susanna ; b. Oct. 10 ; bap. June 4. 
Jacob Keiss Miiller, s. Georg and Catharina ; b. May 10 ; bap. June 19. 
Georg Schott, s. Jacob and Maria Magdalena ; b. May 18 ; bap. [une 18. 
Jacob Hambright, s. Johannes and wife ; b. June 22 ; bap. June 24. 
Valentin Kraemer, s. Peter and Maria ; b. March 18 ; bap. June 25. 
Johannes Albert, s. Jacob and Catharina ; b. April 12 ; bap. June 25. 
Catharina Hiiusle, d. Friedrich and Catharina; b. April 22 ; bap. June 28. 
Joseph Mathiot, s. Johannes and Margaret ; b. June i ; bap. Jun6 29. 
Catharina Lautebach, d. Michael and Margar. ; b. June 2 ; bap. July 2. 
Georg Sturmfels. s. Conrad and Catharina ; b. June 16 ; bap. July 2. 
Johannes Hildebrand, s. Jacob and Catharina ; b. Feb. 11 ; bap. July 2. 
Daniel Fiinfrock, s. Nathanael and Barbara ; b. June 10 ; bap July 9. 
Catharina Scholte, d. Wilhelm and Sophia ; b. March 6 ; bap July 17. 
Jacob Dietrich, s. Michael and Elisabeth ; b. June i ; bap. July 16. 
Johannes Moser, s William and Elisabeth ; b. June ; bap. July 19. 
Elisabeth Jordan, d. Owen and Elisabeth ; b. Jan. 7 ; bap. July 19. 
Carolina Bertram, d. Fried. Wilh. and Maria ; b. )une 9 ; bap. July 23. 
Charlotte Jung, d Benjamin and Catharina ; b. April 7 ; bap. July 26. 
Maria Weidele, d. Friedrich and wife ; b. July 23 ; bap. July 29. 



Births and Baptisms. 271 

Georg Jordan, s Martin and Elisabeth ; b July 4 ; bap. July 30. 

Johan Adam Heilbrunner, s. Johannes and Catharina ; b, Oct. 26 ; bap. 

July 31. 
Angel Cook fern., d. John Cook and Elisabeth ; b. July 19 ; bap. Aug. 2. 
Johannes Delbo, s. Franz and Magdalena ; b. Nov. 25 ; bap. July 27. 
Jacob Schmidt, s. Johannes and Anna ; b. August i, 1796 ; b. July 27. 
Peter Brunner, s Peter and Anna Maria ; b. Oct. 6 ; bap. July 27. 
Wilhelm Schmidt, s. Philip and Margaret ; b. May 5, 1792 ; bap. Aug. 

I, 1794- 
Heinrich Springer, s. Jacob and Barbara ; b. Dec. 19, 1796 ; bap. July 27. 
Maria Wade, d. James and Hanna ; b. Oct. 11 ; bap. July 27. 
Sabina Stech, d Philip and Sabina ; b. Feb. 9 ; bap. July 27. 
Elisabeth Weller, d. Johannes and Maria ; b. Nov. 19 ; bap. July 27. 
Elisabeth Mose, d. Christian and Eleonor ; b. Oct. 30, 1795 ; bap. July 27. 
Johannes Miiller, s. Jacob and Anna ; b March 18 ; bap. July 27. 
Abraham Heissinger, s. Johannes and Catharina ; b. Oct. 2, '96 ; bap. 

July 27. 

Moore, William and Margar ; b. May 7, 1793 ; bap. July 27. 

Elisabeth May, d. Christian and wife Margaret; b. Nov. 10, 1792; bap. 

July 27. 
Peter May, s. Christian and wife Margaret; b. Dec. 20, i794 ; bap. 

July 27. 
Anna Maria May, d. Christian and wife Margaret; b. March 15, 1797". 

bap. July 27. 
Maria Lockart, s. Charles and Mary ; b. May 12, 1793 ; bap. July 27. 
Charles Lockart, s. Charles and Mary ; b. Aug. 27, 1796 ; bap. July 27. 
Samuel Folz, s. George (Ref ) and Maria ; b. July 19 ; bap. July 24. 
Sara Martin, d. William and Jean ; b June 10 ; bap August 10. 
Johannes Schiisler, s. Philip and Maria ; b. March 25 ; bap. August 10. 
Johan Philip Kirchner, s. Johannes and Magdalana ; b. Dec. 28, 1896 ; 

bap. August 13. 
Jacob Stamm, s. Friedrich and Maria ; b. June 26 ; bap. August 13. 
Cathari'a Heigelman, d. Ludwig and Regina ; b. Jan. 12 ; bap. Aug. 13. 
Catharina Talbert, d. Pleasant and Cathy.; b. Dec. 10, 1796; bap. 

August 13. 
Heinrich Scheib, s. Johannes and Catharina ; b. Nov. 25, 1795 ; bap. 

August 13. 
Jacob Scheib. s. Johannes and Catharina; b. March 12, 1797, bap. 

August 13. 
Anna Catharina Kepperle, d. Friedrich and Maria ; b. April 25 ; bap. 

August 13. 
Jacob Diirstler, s. Michael and Maria ; b. Jan. 27 ; bap. August 19. 
Sara Klug, d. Gottfried and Maria ; b. July 9 ; bap August 20. 



272 The Petinsylvania-German Society. 

Johannes Schriener, s. Philip and Susanna ; b. Nov. 10 ; bap. Aug. 20. 
Rosina Grace, d. Joh. and Susanna ; b. July 3 ; bap. August 22. 
Rebecca Alexander, d. William and Rebecca ; b. June 24 ; bap. Aug. 30. 
Catharine Stewart, d. John and Agnes ; b. Jan. 12 ; bap. Sept. i. 
Johan Georg Brenner, s. Philip and Elisabeth ; b June 2 ; bap Aug. 27. 
Christine Brenner, d. Georg and Christine ; b. July 10 ; bap. Aug. 27. 
Elisabeth Frey, d. Conrad and Elisabeth ; b. Sept. 27 ; bap. Aug. 27. 
Johan Krjiutler, s. Johannes and Louisa ; b. Dec 12 ; bap. August 27. 
Johan Grunly, s. Johan and Catharina ; b. Aug. 16, 1796 ; bap. Aug 27. 
Mary Pratt, d Wilhelm and Elisabeth ; b. Jan. 6, 1797 ; bap. Aug. 27. 
Georg Seibert, s. Peter and Sara ; b. Sept. 11 ; bap. Aug. 27. 
Jacob and Maria, s. and d. Louise Rummel ; b. April 21. 
James Barbar ; bap. August 27. 

Henrich Burns, s. Thomas and Maria ; b. Feb. 11, 1795 ; bap. Sept. 3. 
Wilhelm Burns, s. Thomas and Maria ; b. May 20, 1797 ; bap. Sept. 3. 
Maria Roth, d. Andreas and Maria ; b August 7 ; bap- Sept. 3. 
Salome, d Jacob Laub and Margar. Bensinger ; b. Aug. 24, 1796; bap. 

Sept 4. 
John Davis, s. John and Margaret ; b June 15 ; bap. Sept. 9. 
Eleonor Graig, d. Joseph and Isabella ; b. June 23 ; bap. Sept. 9. 
Veronica Rein, d. Christian and Barbara ; b. Sept. 26, '96 ; bap. Sept. 10. 
Johannes Amint, s Lorenz and Elisabeth ; b. June 26, '96 ; bap. Sept. 10. 
Anna Maria Heiss, d. Johannes and Anna Maria ; b. March 25 ; bap. 

Sept. 10. 
Daniel, s. Elisabeth Schaefer and Daniel Spangler ; b. Feb. 16, 1790 ; 

bap. Sept. 12. 
Abraham Heigelman, s. Daniel and Susanna ; b. August 30 ; bap- 
Sept. 17. 
Benjamin Bear, s. Benjamin and Catharina ; b. August 6 ; bap. Sept. 20. 
Jacob Hallebach, s. Joh. Peter and Anna Gertrand ; b. July 24; bap 

Sept. 17. 
Sara McClennan, d. James and Mary ; b. Sept. 25 ; bap. Sept. 25. 
Xjeorg, s. Sophia Haiisle and Johannes Schenk ; b. Sept. 4 ; bap> 

Sept. 23. 
Catharina .Scheib ; b. August 27, 1773 ; bap. Sept. 28. 
Susanna Muckelroy, d. Henry and Susanna ; b. May 30; bap. Oct. 8. 
John Maley, s. James and Philippina ; b. July 5, 1794 ; bap. Oct. 8. 
Hanna Maley, d. James and Philippina ; b. July 31, 1797 ; bap. Oct. 8. 
Johannes Keller, s. Friedrich and Elisabeth ; b. Aug. 7 ; bap. Oct. 17. 
Anna Horsehorn, d. James and Magdalena ; b. Aug. 25 ; bap. Oct. 18. 
Ludwig Schuman, s. Michael and Elisabeth ; b. Feb. 28, '96 ; bap. 

Oct 18. 
Elisabeth Pratt, d. James and Lydia ; b. Feb. 27, 1789; bap. Oct. 18. 



No^ 


/. 9. 


'93; 


i bap. 


'95; 


bap. 


'97; 


bap. 



Birth " and Baptisms. 273 

William Pratt, s. James and Lydia ; b. Dec. 28, 1791 ; bap. Oct. 18. 
David Pratt, s. James and Lydia ; b. April 28, 1793 ; bap. Oct. 18. 
Lydia Pratt, d. James and Lydia ; b. Nov. 9, 1795 ; bap. Oct. 18. 
Michael Klein, s. Henrich and Maria ; b. August 2 ; bap. Oct. 18. 
Elisabeth Klein, d. Peter and Barbara ; b. July i ; bap. Oct. 18. 
Jennet Ring, d. Ralph and Mary; b. Nov. 4, 1796; hap Oct. 18. 
James Carson, s. John and Ann ; b. Sept. 15 ; bap. Oct. 25. 
Margaret Jones, d. Richard and Lucia ; b. Aug. 8 ; bap. Oct. 29. 
Magdalena Lohrman, d. Adam and Maria ; b. Sept. 24, 1790; bap. Nov. i . 
Adam Lohrman. s. Adam and Maria ; b. April 22, 1795 ; bap. Nov. i. 
William Heck, s. Ludwig and Elisabeth ; b. Oct 23 ; bap- Nov. 6. 
Eleonor Wright, d. James and Dorothea ; b. June 10 ; bap. Nov. 6. 
Jacob Stehme, s. Tobias and wife ; b. Oct. 6 ; bap. Nov. 4. 
Elisabeth Fehl, d. Jacob and Magdalena ; b Sept. 2, '96 ; bap. 
Georg Frolich, s. Johannes and wife Barbara ; b. May 29, 

Nov. 9. 
Johannes Frolich, s. Johannes and wife Barbara ; b. March 21, 

Nov. 9. 
Jacob Frolich, s. Johannes and wife Barbara ; b. Feb. 20, 

Nov. 9. 
Susanna Wagner, d. Wilhelm and Catharina ; b. Oct. 15 ; bap. Nov. 9. 
Johannes Urban, s Ludwig and Magdalena ; b. May 22 ; bap. Nov. 9. 
Magdalena Ziegler, d. Friedrich and Catharina ; b March 20 ; bap. 

Nov. 14. 
Georg Ziegler, s. Friedrich and Catharina; b. March 4, 1796; bap, 

Nov. 14. 
Juliana Christine Nagel, d. Jacob and Catharina ; b. Oct. 19 ; bap. 

Nov. 19. 
Susanna Lefeber, d. Elias and Cathar ; b. Jan. 24 ; bap. Nov. 18. 
Caroline and Juliana Ross, d. George and wife ; b. Sept. — ; bap. 

Nov. 23. 
Isabella McPaul, d. James and Sara ; b. Oct 22 ; bap. Nov. 25. 
Cathar. Elisabeth Beard, d. Robert and wife ; b. Nov. 12 ; bap. Nov 26. 
Elisabeth, d. Johan Geiger and Maria Hert ; b Oct. 3 ; bap. Nov. 26. 
Charlotte Brunghar, d. Georg and Philippine ; b. Oct. 8 ; bap. Dec. i. 
Anna Maria Schreiner, d. Martin and Elisabeth ; b. July 24 ; bap. Dec. 17. 
Elisabeth Schmidt, d. Wilhelm and Catharina ; b. Dec. 12 ; bap. Dec. 18. 
Maria Magdalena Nagel, d. Joseph and Maria Magdalena ; b. Oct. 11 ; 

bap. Dec. 24. 
Anna Margaret Bastic, d. Johannes and Margaret ; b. Sept. 25 ; bap. 

Dec. 25. 



274 ^^^^ Pennsylvania-German Society. 

1798. 

Georg Patterson, s. Johannes and Catharina ; b. Dec. 25 ; bap. Jan. 7. 
Joh. Wilhelm Ehrig, s. Wilhelm and Hanna ; b. Nov. 26 ; bap. Jan. 13. 
Maria Bender, d Philip and EHsabeth ; b. August i ; bap. Jan. 17. 
Christine Folz, d. Bernhard and Barbara ; b. Nov. 27 ; bap. Jan. 18. 
Barbara Folz, d. Christian and Christine ; b. Dec. 4; bap. Jan. 18. 
Jacob Fiirst, s. Jacob and Margaret ; b. Sept. — ; bap. Jan. 21. 
Andreas Holzwart, s. Adam and Catharina ; b. Jan. 18 ; bap. Jan. 28. 
Margaret Parker, d. Francis and Margaret ; b. Oct. 7 ; bap. Jan. 29. 
Thomas Anderson, s. Robert and Jean ; b. Jan. 23 ; bap. Jan. 26. 
Georg Peterman ; s. Joachim and Elisabeth ; b. Sept. 5; bap. Feb. 4. 
Elisabeth Gross, d. Martin and EHsabeth ; b. Oct. 21 ; bap. Feb 14. 
Johannes Miiller, s. Jacob and Hanna ; b. Jan. 17 ; bap. Feb. 11. 
Catharina Jost, d. Johannes and Barbara ; b. Dec. 3 ; bap. Feb. 6. 
Maria Magdalena Illing, d. Christoph and Magdalena ; b. Jan. 9 ; bap. 

Feb. 18. 
Michael Stoft Gross, s. Jacob and Elisabeth ; b. Jan. 6 ; bap. Feb. 18. 
Maria Glatz, d. Wilhelm and Catharina ; b. Oct. 11 ; bap. Feb. 18. 
Rebecca Brenneisen, d. Jacob and Elisabeth ; b. Sept. 29 ; bap. Feb. 19. 
Johan Peter Miiller, s. Martin and wife ; b. Jan. 27 ; bap. Feb. 25., 
Elisabeth Stein, d. Georg and Maria ; b. Dec. 25 ; bap. Feb. 25. 
Catharina Rebecca Buts, d. Peter and Rebecca ; b. March 4 ; bap. 

March 10. 
Catharina Klein, d Jacob and Elisabeth ; b. Nov. 18; bap. March 11. 
Christian Jacob Albrecht, s Jacob and Sophia ; b. March 5 ; bap. 

March 11. 
Salome Krauter, d. David and Catharina; b. Jan 25; bap. March 11. 
Catharina Frick, d. Friedrich and wife ; b. Feb. 11 ; bap. March 11. 
Ann Bond, d. William and Ann ; b. Jan. 23 ; bap. March 11. 
Johannes Schmidt, s. Christian and Elisabeth; b. Aug. 8 ; bap March 27. 
Adam Ganter, s. Michael and Cathar. ; b. Feb. 10 ; bap. March 15. 
Georg Keller, s. Andreas and Christine ; b. Feb. 7 ; bap. March 16. 
Jane Shannon, d. William and Barbara ; b. June 27 ; bap. March 27. 
Mary Shannon, d John and Jane ; b. Nov 9 ; bap. March 27. 
Maria Lehman, d. Jacob and Catharina ; b. March 5 ; bap. April i. 
Margar. Barbara Burg, d. Johannes and Barbara ; b. April 4 ; bap. 

April 8. 
Elisabeth Johnson, d. Alexander and Rachel ; b. Feb. 19 ; bap. April 6. 
James Wright, bap. April 4. 
Samuel Dietz ; bap April 4. 
Anna Herbst ; bap. April 4. 
Anna Eschelman ; b. March 4, 1779 ; bap. April 4. 



Births and Baptisms. 2 ']^ 

Maria Selbert, nee Kann ; bap. April 4. 

Thomas Russel, s. Thomas and Margaret ; b. Feb. 20 ; bap. April 6. 

Philip Schaum, s. Melchior and wife ; b. Jan. 18 ; bap. April 9. 

Jean Baxter, d. Samuel and Mary ; b. Feb. t8, '97 ; bap. April 12. 

Elisabeth Klein, d. Michael and Maria ; b. March i ; bap. April 10. 

Edward Essin, unknown ; b. March — ; bap. April 12. 

Jacob Schweitzer, s. Johannes and Barbara ; b. Feb. 4 ; bap. April 13. 

Catharina McNaughton, d. James and Maria ; b. March 31 ; bap, 

April 19. 
Brigitta Hiimpflin, d. Ehrhard and Christine ; b. March 21 ; bap. 

April 21. 
Jacob Kindsch, s. Johannes and Susanna ; b. Nov. 27 ; bap. April 21. 
Christoph Bartholomaeus Mayer, s. Christoph and wife ; b. March 26 -. 

bap. April 21- 
John Walking, s. Hugh and Eleonore ; b. Dec. 15 ; bap. April 21. 
Barbara Chapman, d. Samuel and Barbara ; b. June, 1796 ; bap. April 22, 
Susanna Chapman, d. Samuel and Barbara ; b. Feb. 4, 1798 ; bap. 

April 22. 
Christian Freitag, s. Christian and Elisabeth ; b. Sept. 11 ; bap. April 22. 
Jacob Freitag, s. Jacob and Juliana ; b. Dec. 12 ; bap. April 22. 
Barbara Amynt, d. Lorenz and Elisabeth ; b. Dec. 24 ; bap. April 22. 
Anna Maria Glatz, d. Georg and Maria ; b. March 24 ; bap. April 22. 
William Pless, s. Christian and Maria Magdalena ; b. March 18 ; bap, 

April 22. 
Jacob Brunner, s. Peter and Anna Maria ; b. Jan. i ; bap. April 22. 
Anna Margaret Herter, d. Jacob and Maria ; b. Feb. 4 ; bap. April 29. 
Maria Horner, s. Johannes and Margaret ; b. Feb. 7 ; bap. May i. 
Sara Elisabeth Hummerich, d. Christian and Christine; b. March 11 ;. 

bap. April 29. 
Elisabeth Mann, d Bernhard and Barbara ; b. Nov. 23 ; bap. May 6. 
Christian Mose, d Johannes and Anna Margaret ; b. Oct. 17 ; bap. 

May 13. 
Peter Heinkel, s Peter and Magdalena ; b. Feb. 9 ; bap. May 17. 
Johannes Rickert, s Martin and Barbara ; b. Sept. 20 ; bap. May 17. 
Philip Diirstler, s. Adam and Catharina ; b. Jan 27 ; bap. May 14. 
Johannes Dorsch, s. Johannes and Anna Maria ; (nee Kautz) b. Dec 11, 

1797 ; bap. May 14. 
Elisabeth Greenly, d Johannes and Catharina ; b. March 5; bap May 18. 
Susanna Mayer, d. Philip and Cathar ; b. Feb. 25, 1796 ; bap. May 20. 
Hanna Burk, d. Johannes and Maria ; b. March 25 ; bap. May 20. 
James Morris, s. John and Susanna ; b. Jan. 6 ; bap. May 20. 
Felix Schweicker, s. Felix and Christine ; b. Oct. 13 ; bap. May 20. 
Susanna Fetteberger, d. Johannes and Elisabeth ; b. Jan. i ; bap. May 20. 



2/6 The Pennsylvania-German Society. 

Elisabeth Carrigan, d. Jacob and Margaret ; b. Dec. i8 ; bap. May 20. 

Sabina Benedict, d. Philip and Dorothea ; b. April 25 ; bap. May 21. 

Margaret Schneider, d. Christian and wife ; b. April 26 ; bap. May 27. 

Elisabeth Watt, d. Robert and Charlotte ; b. March 26 ; bap. I\Iay 27. 

Ann Shuter, d. Andrew and Jean; b. May 16 ; bap. May 28. 

Ann Bradley, d. William and Anna Margaret ; b. Jan. 4 ; bap. June 9. 

Maria Strobel, d. Jacob and Susanna ; b. Jan. 12 ; bap. June 10. 

Joh. Henrich Hasselbach, s. Henrich and Catharina ; b. May 17 ; bap. 

June 10. 
Mary Starkey, d. John and Jean ; b. March 12 ; bap. June 12. 
Elisabeth George, d. David and Anna Maria ; b. April 2; bap. June 12. 
Samuel McConnel, s. Alexander and Barbara ; b. Feb. 14 ; bap. June 12. 
Richard Crab, s. William and Phillis ; (negroes) b. Dec. 12, 1797 ; bap. 

June 17. 
Anna Fetter, d. John and Elisabeth ; b. May 7 ; bap. June 24. 
Maria Anna Michael, d. William and Susanna ; b. June 4 ; bap. June 27. 
Johannes Wood, s. Moses and Christine ; b. June 20 ; bap. June 28. 
Catharina ]ost, d. Philip and Elisabeth ; b. Jan. 16 ; bap. June 28. 
Elisabeth Gumpf, d. Michael and Margaret ; b. April 12 ; bap. July i. 
Elisabeth Stech, d. Georg and wife ; b. Sept. 20 ; bap. July 6. 
Jacob Lehr, s. Peter and Elisabeth ; b. May 11 ; bap. July 8. 
Lorenz Dietrich, s. Lorenz and Magdalena ; b. May 30 ; bap. July 8. 
Johannes Guntacker, s. Georg and Elisabeth ; b. May 27 ; bap. July 8. 
Susanna Feil, d. Benedict and Sara ; b. June 10 ; bap. July 8. 
Elisabeth Gerlitz, d. Michael and Elisabeth ; b. Dec. i, 1797 ; bap. 

July 17. 
Peter Craemer, s. Johan Just and Anna Maria ; b. June 20 ; bap. July 15. 
Catharina Nesselroth, d. Israel and Christine ; b. Dec. 8 ; bap. July 15. 
Catharina Miller, d. Robert and wife ; b. Nov. 11, 1793 ; bap. July 15. 
Robert Miller, s. Robert and wife ; b. Jan. 31 ; bap. July 15. 
Christian Otto, s. Christian and wife Magdalena ; b. Oct. 4, 1792 ; bap. 

July 15- 
Jacob Otto, s. Christian and wife Magdalena ; b. Feb. 25, 1794 ; bap. 

July 15. 
Christine Otto, d. Christian and wife Magdalena ; b. Sept. 13, 1797 ; 

bap. July 15. 
Daniel Faringer, s. Jacob and Barbara ; b. June 3, '97 ; bap. July 22. 
John Mullin, s. Samuel and Sara ; b July 18 ; bap. July 22. 
Immanuel Schneider, s. Peter and Barbara ; b. March 27 ; bap. July 23. 
David Gilmore, s. W^illiam and Sara ; b. April 27 ; bap. July 23. 
Maria Schmidt, d. Johannes and Juliana ; b. Jan. 25 ; bap. July 26. 
Anna Maria Schantz, d. Jacob and Anna Maria ; b. March 28 ; bap. 

July 28 



Birth and Baptisms. 277 

Johannes Keller, s. George and Catharina ; b. March i6 ; bap. July 29. 
Catharina Forris, d. Joseph and Elisabeth ; b. June i ; bap. August 5. 
Elisabeth Steitz, d. Peter and Catharina ; b Dec. i797 ; bap. Aug. 4. 
Peter Ladley, s. William and Susanna ; b. May 27 ; bap. Aug. 4. 
Catharina Baer, d. Benjamin and Catharina ; b. May 25 ; bap. Aug. 4. 
Susanna Gcitz, d. Georg and Elisabeth ; b. May 13 ; bap. Aug. 5. 
Catharina Stech, d. Gerhard and Maria ; b. Nov. 18; bap. Aug. 5. 
Christoph Brenner, s. Christoph and Elisabeth ; b. June 26 ; bap. Aug. 5. 
Enoch Price, s. Moses and Margareth ; b. Sept. 28, 1796; bap. Aug. 7. 
Georg Gingerich, s Henrich and Catharina ; b. March 5 ; bap. Aug. 10. 
Jacob Weik, s. Gt-org and Susanna ; b Dec. i ; bap. August 15. 
Anna Mose, d. Joh. Christian and Eleonora ; b March 24 ; ap. Aug. 15. 
Anna Hinkel, d Wilhelm and Elisabeth ; b. May 25 ; bap. August 15. 
Barbara Christine Schreiber, d. Johannes and Christine ; b. May 17 ; 

bap. Aug. 15. 
Catharina Wit, d. Georg and Barbara ; b. Nov. i ; bap. August 19. 
Georg Kurz, s. Christoph and Magdalena ; b. July 24 ; bap. August 19. 
Elisabeth Moser, d. Wilhelm and Elisabeth ; b. June 30 ; bap. Aug. 20. 
James Davis, s. Thomas and Elisaheth ; b. August 25 ; bap. August 26. 
Henrietta Maria Heinitsch, d. Carl and Sophia ; b. August 22 ; bap. 

August 29. 
Margaret Faust, d. Georg and Margaret ; b. March 9 ; bap. Sept. i. 
Samuel Turn, s. Thomas and Hannah ; b. July 20 ; bap. Sept. 3. 
Caroline Butler, d. Charles and Charity ; (negroes) b. Feb. 22 ; bap. 
Sept. 3. 

Catharina Herbst, d. Heinrich and Elisabeth ; b. Aug. 27 ; bap. Sept. 9. 
Ann Richard, d. James and Margar ; b. August 4 ; bap. Sept. 14. 
John Hubley Hamilton, s. William and Juliana ; b August 15 ; bap. 
Sept. 9. 

Maria Kautz, d. Jacob and Margaret ; b Aug. 27 ; bap. Sept 3. 
Johannes Braun, s. Wilhelm and Hanna ; b. Sept. i ; bap. Sept 16. 
William Taylor, s. Egbert and Magdalena ; b. August 14 ; bap. Sept. 18. 
Philippine Meyer, d. Jacob and Maria ; b. Sept. i ; bap. Sept. 23. 

Johan Michael Bartel, &. Michael and Catharina ; b. Sept. 9 ; bap. 
Sept. 18. 

Jacob Reedy, s. Bernhard and Marv ; b. August 1 1 ; bap. Sept. 23. 

Henrich Gross Hornberger, s. Stephan and Susanna ; b August 27 ; 
bap Sept 23. 

Elisabeth Nagel, d Christoph and Margaret ; b. Sept. 2 ; bap. Sept. 23. 

Joseph Gordon, s. Joseph and Ann ; b Oct. i, 1796 ; bap. Sept. 24. 

Rebecca Rudesille, d Jacob and Maria ; b. Sept. 12 ; bap. Sept. 30. 

Georg Schaum, s. Philip and Maria ; b. Sept. 8 ; bap Sept 30. 

Justina Hill, d. Gottlieb and Salome ; b. Sept. 17 ; bap. Oct. 6. 



^278 The Pennsylvania-German Society. 

Georg Hiller, s. Johannes and Catharina ; b. July 2 ; bap. Oct. 9. 
John Annet, s. Archibald and Mary ; b Sept. 25, '97 ; bap. Oct 13. 
Mary Brown, d. Joseph and Mary ; b. August 30 ; bap. Oct. 10. 
Andreas Teiss, s. Georg and Maria ; b. August 14 ; bap. Oc. 14. 
Susanna Steigerwald, d. Friedrich and Margaret ; b. Sept. 28 ; bap. 

Oct. 14. 
Christine Lehnherr, d. Georg and Elisabeth ; b. March 22 ; bap. Oct. 7. 
Georg Fissler, s. Ulrich and Maria ; b. August 19 ; bap Oct. 7 
Susanna Urban, d. Georg and Barbara ; b March 5 ; bap. Oct. 7 
Catharina Kline, s. Christian and Margaret; b. August 9; bap. Oct. 13. 
Eva Elisabeth Weber, d. Joseph and Catharina ; b. Oct. 23 ; bap Oct 23. 
Adam Kolb, s. Elisabeth and David George ; b Sept. 22, 1794 ; bap 

Oct. 28. 
Abraham Lefever, s Elias and Catharina ; b June 26 ; bap. Oct. 28. 
Steward Hanna, s. John and Jean ; b. July 15 ; bap Oct. 29. 
Georg .Albrecht, s. Henrich and Margaret; b. June 6, '97; bap Oct 31. 
Anna Barbara, d. Anna Barbara Kolb and Joh. Bauer ; b. Nov. 2, 1794 ; 

bap. Nov. 4. 
Georg Denger, s. Johannes and Catharina ; b. Sept. 29 ; bap Nov. 10. 
Anna Maria Justone, d. John and Elisabeth ; b. May 5 ; bap. Nov 6 
Barbara Todter. d. Andreas and Magdalena ; b. Oct. 27 ; bap. Nov. 11. 
Maria Schindel, d Peter and Elisabeth ; b. Sept. 4 ; bap. Nov. 11. 
Susanna Schalleberger, d. Michael and Elisabeth ; b. May 7; bap Dec. 3. 
Johan Wagner, s. Balthasar and Catharina ; b. Oct. 13 ; bap Nov. 29. 
Margaret Johanette, a negress ; b. Nov. 29 ; bap. Dec. 4. 
Johannes Wunsley, s. Alexander and Susanna ; b. Nov. 9 ; bap. Nov. 14. 
Anna Maria Leible. d. Joh. and Barbara, widow Mayer ; bap. Dec. 13. 
Mary McCarlsley, d. Maxwell and Mary ; b. Nov. 27 ; bap. Dec. 26. 
Anna Maria Leible. d. Andreas and Elisabeth ; b. Oct. 23 ; bap. Dec. 23. 
Hans Martin, s. William and Jean ; b. Sept 12 ; bap. Dec. 28. 
Catharina Schott, d Jacob and Maria Magdalena ; b. Oct. 31 ; bap. 

Dec. 30. 

1799. 

Elisabeth Dietrich d Henrich and Maria ; b. Oct. 21 ; bap. Jan. 5. 
Elisabeth Weber, d. Andreas and wife Rosina ; b. June i, 1796; bap. 

Jan. 5. 
Rosina Weber, d. Andreas and wife Rosina ; b. April 13, '98 ; bap. Jan. 5. 
Elisabeth Schaum, d. Benjamin aiid Maria ; b. Dec. 23 ; bap. Jan. 6 
Anna Maria Weidele, d. Christian and Rosina ; b. Dec 22, 1797 ; bap 

Jan. 9. 
Matthaeus Scheib, s. Johannes and Catharina ; b. Dec 12 ; bap. Jan. 20. 
Jacob Metzger, s. Friedrich and Catharina ; b. Dec. 23 ; bap. Jan. 21. 



Births and Baptisms. 279 

Michael Guntacker, s. Johannes and Catharina; b. Dec. lo ; bap. Jan. ii- 
Salome Weiss, d. Georg and Anna ; b. Dec. 24 ; bap. Jan. 27. 
Catharina Kuhns, d Michael and Elisabeth ; b. Dec. 25 ; bap. Feb. 4. 
Anna Siinset d. Johannes and Elisabeth ; b March 27 ; bap. Feb. 2. 
Catharina Nagel, d. Friedrich and Rahel ; b. Dec. 26 ; bap. Feb. 4. 
Joseph Nagel. s. Johan and Elisabeth ; b. Jan. 13 ; bap. Feb. 4. 
Catharina Stewart, d. Edward and Mary ; b Nov. '98 ; bap. Feb. 3. 
Georg Adam Lindeberger, s. Johannes and Catharina ; b. Jan. 4 ; bap. 

Feb 12 
Henrich Galosky, s. Henrich and Barbara ; b. Nov. 9, '98 ; bap. Feb. 11. 
Peter McGrant, s. Terence and Elisabeth ; b. Jan. 12 ; bap. Feb. 4. 
Phiby Levan, d. Jack and Lydia, negroes,; b. Feb. 5 ; bap. Feb. 12. 
Maria Fisher, d. Adam and Margaret ; b March 15, '97 ; bap. Feb. 13. 
Adam Fisher s. Adam and Margaret ; b. Feb. i, '99 ; bap. Feb. 13. 
Elisabeth Scott, d William and Maria ; b. Dec. 13 ; bap. Feb. 14. 
Elisabeth Buts, d. Peter and Rebecca ; b. Fe»'. 3 ; bap. Feb 17. 
Margaret Galloway, d. Benjamin and Hanna, mulatto; b. August 25, '97; 

bap. Feb 22. 
Elisabeth Galloway, d. Benjamin and Hanna, mulatto ; b. Oct 21, '98 ; 

bap Feb 22. 
Anna Maria Huber, d. Matthaeus and Magdalena ; b. June 20, 179S ; 

bap. Feb 24. 
Johan Bernhard Hubley, s. Michael and Maria ; b. Jan. 29 ; bap. Feb. 24. 
Georg Ehler, s. Christian and Margaret ; b. Nov. 12, '96 ; bap. Feb. 24. 
August. Mehling, s. Johannes and Magdalena ; b Feb. 11 ; bap. March 3. 
Catharina Herbst, d. Johannes and Anna ; b March 5 ; bap. March 13. 
David Mantault, s. David and wife; b. Oct. 21, 1794; bap. March 13. 
Johannes Sehner, s. Johannes and Catharina ; b. Jan. 4, 1798 ; bap^ 

March 17. 
Catharina Sehner, d. Gottieb and Sabina ; b. Jan. 27 ; bap March 17. 
Georg Wei s, s. Andreas and Margaret ; b. Sept. 16, 1797 ; bap. March 22. 
Mrs. Elisab Nagel, d. John and Rahel Johnson ; b. March 11, 1778 ; bap. 

March 11, 1799. 
Martin Kindig, s. Johannes and Anna ; b. May 11, 1775 ; bap. March 11, 

1799. 
Magdalena Kindig, d. Johannes and Anna ; b. August 9, 1777 ; bap. 

March 11, 1799. 
Mrs. Ziegler ; bap. March 11, 1799. 
Mrs. Eschelman ; bap March 11, 1799. 

Johannes Montgomery, s. John and Maria ; b. Dec. 21 ; bap. March 24. 
Heinrich Ehlman, s. Friedrich and Catharina; b. Sept. 17; bap. 

March 24. 
Susanna Wilson, d. Andrew and Eva ; b. Oct. 4 ; bap. March 26. 



28o The Pennsylvania-German Society. 

Eva Margaret Heiss d. Johannes and Anna Maria ; b. Jan. 31 ; bap 

March 25. 
Elisabeth Heilbrunner, d. Johannes and Catharina ; b Jan 18 ; bap. 

April r. 
Daniel Grifford Thomson, s. Samuel and Hanna Maccafy, mulatto ; b. 

Feb. 9 ; hap. April 2. 
Johannes Winau. s. Georg and Elisabeth ; b. Nov 5 ; bap. March 31. 
Theodore Keiss Miiller, s. Georg and Catharina ; b. Feb. 19 ; bap. 

March 26. 
Johannes Riimle, s. Friedrich and Elisabeth ; b. March 2 ; bap. March 31. 
Franz Salzman, s. Johannes and Catharina ; b. Feb. 13 ; bap. April 5. 
Elisabeth Schiisler, d. Philip and Maria ; 1). Feb. 24; bap. April 5. 
Johannes, s. Johannes Hebel and Margaret Boot; b. Feb 17; bap. 

April 7. 
Jeremia Maybur}-, s. Jeremia and Catharina ; b. July 3, 1798 ; bap. April 6. 
Thomas Williams, s. Joh and Susanna; b. Feb. 18; iiap. .April 14. 
Ottilia Susanna Mayer, d. Christoph and Susanna ; b. March 27 ; bap- 
April 14. 
Elisabeth Miiller, d Heinrich and Maria ; b Dec. 26 ; bap. April 21. 
Catharina Hummel, d. David and Catharina ; b. Feb 2 ; bap. April 21. 
David Dietz, s. Samuel and Sara ; b. Nov. i ; bap. April 26. 
Johan Andreas Dellinger, s. Johannes and Maria Margaret ; b. Dec. 30 ; 

bap. April 30. 
Georg Metzger, s Jacob and Maria ; b. Jan 30 ; bap. May 2. 
Christiana Kepperle, d. Friedrich and Magdalena ; b. Dec. 6 ; bap. 

May 2 
Anna Schuman, d. Freidrich and Maria Margar ; b July 26 ; bap. May 11. 
Catharina Grebing. d Henrich and Anna ; b. Sept. 19 ; bap. May 11. 
Anna Maria Muuney. d. Freidrich and Anna ; b. Jan 16 ; bap. May 12. 
Maria Kindsch, d. Johan and Susanna ; b. Feb. 9 ; bap. .May 13. 
Margaret Robison, d. Johannes and Regina ; b Feb. 15, 1798 ; bap. 

May 13. 
Catharina Weiss, d. Wilhelm and .Maria ; b. Nov. 5, 1798 ; bap. May 13 
Veronica Rathvon, d Leonhard and Elizabeth ; b. March 5 ; bap. 

May 14. 
Wilhelm Scholte, s. Wilhelm and Sophia ; b Feb. 4 ; bap. May 19. 
Anna Maria Diirstler, d. "richael and Anna Maria ; b. [an. 15 ; bap. 

May 25. 
Catharina Klein, d Henrich and Maria ; b. Nov. 21 ; bap May 25. 
Jonathan Athon, s. James and Martha ; b. Jan. 17 ; bap May 25. 
Magdalena Gerber. d Jacob and Magdalena ; b. April 21 ; bap. May 26. 
Henrich Faust, s. Georg and Margar .t ; b. April 2 ; bap. May 14. 
Friedrich Folz, s. Peter and Christine ; b. Jan. 14 ; bap. May 22. 



Births and Baptisms. 281 

Henrich Jung, s. Benjamin and Catharina ; b. Feb 26 ; bap May 5. 
Jesse Butler, s. Henry and Judith (black) ; b. Jan. i, 1798 ; bap. May 26, 
Margaret Braun, d. Johannes and Elisabeth ; b. Feb. 24, bap. May 26. 
Catharina Lehman, d. Johannes and Sybilla ; b. April 12, '93 ; bap. 

May 19 
Magdalena Lehman, d Johannes and Sybilla ; b. Jan. 16 ; bay May 19. 
Samuel Schweicker, s. Johannes and Margaret ; b. Jan. 24 ; bap. May 19. 
Georg Roth, s. Andreas and Margaret ; b. May 24 ; bap. June 2. 
Joh Heinrich Albert, s. Jacob and Catharina ; b Dec. 29 ; bap. June 2. 
Margaret Volk, d. Solomon and Catharina ; b. April 2 ; bap. June 2. 
Catharina Eichhotz, d. Johannas and Susanna ; b. May 9 ; bap. June 2. 
Michael Schuerich, s. Nicholas and Catharina ; b. June 30, '98 ; bap. 

June 3. 
Adam Schuman, s. Michael and Elisabeth ; b. Jan. 28, '98 ; bap. June 4. 
Wilhelm Wein, s. unknown ; b. March ; bap. June 4. 
Samuel Lockart, s. Charles and Maria ; b. Sept 9, '98 ; bap June 5. 
Maria Mauk, d. Christian and Catharina ; b. June 24, 1797 ; bap. June 5. 

Barbara Burns, d. James and Elisabeth ; b. Feb. 10 ; bap. June 5. 
Aniia Wisler, d. Michael and Sophia ; b. Jan. 23 ; bap. June 5. 
Barbara Stech. d. Philip and Sabina ; b. April 14 ; bap. June 5. 
Jacob MoUer, s. Jacob and Anna ; b June 24, '98 ; bap June 5. 
Susanna Klohr, d. Friedrich and Elisai>eth ; b. Feb. 17 ; bap June 5. 
Samuel Haubentobler, s. Isaac and Elisabeth ; b. Jan 10 ; bap. June 5. 
Joseph Krauss s. Jacob and Magdalena ; b. April 7 ; bap. June 13. 
Jacob Martin, s. Johannes and Margaret ; b. April 5 ; bap. June 15 
Jacob May, s. Jacob and Catharina ; b March 11 ; bap. June 5. 
Jacob Ehler, s. Christian and Margaret ; b. June 16 ; bap. June 17. 

Maria, d. Jacob Selig and Elisabeth Andres ; b. Jan. 24 ; bap. June 21. 

Elisabeth Albert, s. Georg and Elisabeth ; b. Jan. 18 ; bap. July ist. 

Elisabeth Forster, d. John and Catharina ; b June 30 ; bap. July 14. 

George Haywood, s. Jonathan and Mary ; b. March 7 ; bap. July 4. 
Juliana Fischer, d George and Anna Maria ; b. June 15 ; bap July 7. 

William Henderson, s. John and Elisabeth ; b. Sept. 8. '98; bap. July 20. 

Georg Odenwald, s. Johan and Hanna ; b. Jan. 7 ; bap. June 21. 

Michael Steigerwald, s Eberhard and Susanna ; b. May 7 ; bap. July 21. 

Jacob Wenz, s. Michael and Catharina ; b. June i ; bap July 21. 

Catharina Franciscus, d. Christoph and Susanna ; b. May 5 ; bap. 
July 21. 

Johannes Dessau, s Ernst and Eva ; b. July 13 ; bap July 22. 

Johan Jacob Miiller, s Jacob and Hauna ; b. June ix ; bap. July 29. 

Catharina Lachy, d. Johan Peter and Elisabeth ; b. July 15 ; bap. July 30. 

Magdalena Faringer, d. Jacob and Barbara ; b. Dec. 15 ; bap. August 6. 

Peter Sturmfels, s Conrad and Catharina ; b. July 10 ; bap. July 28. 



282 The Pennsylvania-German Society. 

Joh. Bernhard Folz, s. Christian and Christine ; b July 4 ; bap. August 4. 
Peter Schwenk, s. Peter and Margaret ; b. Aug. 19. '98 ; bap. Aug. 4 
Catharina McGrachan, d. Alexander and Elisabeth ; b. Nov. 13 ; bap. 

Aug. 4. 
Maria Magdalena Keller, d Jacob and Catharina ; b. July 28 ; bap- 

Aug. 5. 
Elisabeth Frolich, d. Johannes and Barbara ; b. Dec. 28 ; bap. Aug. 8. 
Jacob Folz s Bernhard and Barbara ; b. June 5 ; bap. Aug. 19. 
James lirooks, s. William and Agnes ; b. April 4, 1797 ; bap Aug. 23. 
Edward Gray, s. James and Elisabeth ; b. Fe >. i ; bap. Aug. 25. 
Catharine Bastick, d Johannes and Maria ; b. June 24 ; bap. Aug. 25 
John McFillrey, s. John and Sara ; b. Sept. 24, '98 ; bap. Aug. 29. 
Salome Keigelman, s. Ludwig and Regina ; b. July 18 ; bap. Aug 31 
Catharina Rovvlingson. d. Robert and Anna ; b Aug. 18 ; bap. Aug. 23. 
Jacob Burke s. Peter and Christine ; b. Aug. 11, 1797 ; bap. Au:j:. 25. 
Maria Magdalena Burke, d. Peter and Christine ; b. July 10 ; bap. 

Aug. 25 
Catharina Kuhns, d. Conrad and Anna Maria ; b May 16 ; bap. Aug. 25. 
Maria Brenner, d. Georg and Christine ; b. May 13 ; bap. Aug. 25. 
Johannes Hummerich, s. Christian and Christine ; b. Aug 10 ; bap. 

Sept I. 
Georg Selbert, s. Andreas and Maria ; b. Aug. i ; bap. Sept. i. 
Catharin . Ziegler. d. Friedrich and Catharina ; b. April 8 ; bap. Aug. 22. 
Johannes Harrison, s. James and Maria ; b. Sept. 15, 1793 ; bap. Aug 12. 
Cathanna Harrison, s. James and Maria ; b. Dec. 13, 1795 ; bap. Aug. 12 
Robert Fisher, s. John and (ane ; b. July 6 ; bap Sept. 28. 
Johannes Lager, s. Friedrich and Elisabeth ; b Aug. 22 ; bap Sept. 29. 
Sophia Rein, d. Christian and Barbara; b. May — bap. Sept. 29. 
Wilhelm Schneider, s. Henrich and Catharina ; b. March 29 ; bap. 

Sept. 29. 
Anna Maria Schindel. d Jacob and Elisabeth ; b. July 6 ; bap. Oct. 3 
Margaret Scott d John and Jean ; b. Sept. 15 ; bap. Oct. 6 
Catharina Hornberger, d. Henrich and Catharina; b. July 19; bap. 

Sept. 25. 
Henry Muckleroy, s. Henry and Susanna ; b. Feb 19 ; bap. Sept. 22. 
John Coyl, s. James and Anna ; b Sept. 22 ; bap Sept. 28. 
Joh. Isaac Dietrich, s. Michael and Elisabeth ; b. Aug 25 ; bap. Oct. 6. 
Maria Brenneisen, d. Jacob and Elisabeth ; b. March 13 ; bap Oct. 7. 
Margaret McLaughlin, d. And. and Rosanna ; b Oct 9, 1795 ; bap. 

Oct. 10. 
Andrew McLaughlin, s. And. and Rosanna ; b. April 9, 1798 ; bap. 
Oct 10. 



Births and Baptisms, 283 

Margaret Bernitz, d. Wilhelm and Catharina ; b. Jan. 20, 1798 ; bap. 

Oct. 12. 
Ann. Bernitz, d. Wilhelm and Catharina ; b. Aug i ; bap. Oct. 12. 
Salome Bartholomaei, s. Johannes and Catharina ; b. Sept. 14 ; bap. 

Oct. 13. 
Henreich Keller, s. Freidrioh and Elizabeth ; b. July 6 ; bap. Oct. 15. 
Sara Keller, d Johannes and Barbara ; b. May 26, '98 ; bap. Oct 15. 
Jacob Georg, s. David and Anna Maria ; b. July 24 ; bap. Oct. 21. 
Catharina Rickert, d. Martin and Barbara ; b. May 18 ; bap. Oct. 27. 
Samuel Mathiot s. Johan and wife ; b. June 30 ; bap. Oct. 28. 
James Pidgeon, s. Michael and Ann ; b. Oct. 31 ; bap. Oct. 31. 
Wilhelm Klein, s. Philip and Magdalena ; b. Sept. 13 ; bap. Oct. 27. 
Sara Kautz, d. Jacob and Margaret ; b. Oct. 27 ; bap Nov. 3. 
Arthur Annom, s. Archibald and Mary ; b. Aug. 29 ; bap. Nov. 7. 
Daniel, s Christine Miiller and Daniel Plocher ; b. Easter, 1796 ; bap. 

Nov. 23 
Joseph Braun, s. Joseph and Cathar. ; b. Sept. 20 ; bap. Nov. 23. 
James Summerlin, s. Andrew and Martha ; b Nov. 17 ; bap. Nov. 29. 
Margaret Klein, d. Peter and Barbara ; b. Oct 14 ; bap Dec. 10 
Anna Maria Wenzel, d. Alexander and Susanna ; b. Oct. 10; bap. 

Nov. 24. 
Magdalena Glatz, d. Georg and Amalia ; b. Dec 2 ; bap. Dec. 4. 
John Jacob Jung, s. Johannes and Maria ; b. Dec. i ; bap. Dec 18. 
Theodore Smith, s. Charles and wife ; b. Dec. 17 ; bap. Dec. 18. 
Sophia Lautebach, d. Michael and Margaret ; b. Nov. 5 ; bap. Dec. 26. 
Jacob Karch, s. Johannes and Eva ; b. Oct. 25 ; bap. Dec. 29. 



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