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iaijar^- 3(0 



eACCRA Ati rriA'DnA rfiAOil 

eACCRA rhACA0irh-At1-10tAlR 







By*. David Nutt, 57-59 Long^ Acre. 


printp:d by 

sealy, bryers and walker, 

middle abbey street, 




ctiniAnn tiA s5Rit)eAnn SAeTDitse 

VOL. X. 





The two stories printed in the present volume are contained 
in an admirable MS. written in 1748, by Maurice McGorman, 
and now preserved in the Library of the British Museum, 
where it is indexed Egerton 128. The remaining contents of 
the book, of which 293 pages are occupied with writing, are 
many and various. Besides some miscellaneous and not 
especially interesting verse, it contains Corh^ifte ' Cazo ; 
CorhxMfLeA6x^ 6 nj'O-AfXxMt) triAite ; e^Cct^A ITIic riA mio6orh- 
-Ai|\te ; 'C6\\A^t)eA6x: S^i-Otie : Qa6z\\~a Ctoinne ti|t ; exi6cfx\ 
Cloinne "Uifnig ; and U6|\Ai'6e^6c 1p^^CA^l 1^105 via 'S\^e}^e, of 
which last an edition will before long be submitted to the Irish 
Texts Society. 

Numerous copies of the first, and several copies of the 
second of the romances selected for the present volume exist 
in other manuscripts. Thus, of the mx\T)t^x\ mx^ot the British 
Museum possesses seven copies other than that used in the 
present edition — Eg. 132, dated 1713 ; Eg. 662, written by 
Maurice O'Gorman, with a very bad English translation 
interpaged ^ ; Eg. 211, dated 1758; Eg. 188, a fragment of 
the beginning only, dated 1730 ; Eg. 157 ^ ; Eg. 170, a direct 

^ Of which these are specimens, selected from the first paragraph : "Go 
c6vnm6\\A-6 riA f e-AtjA f AotjiAije riocF^-OA. " the hunters, labourers, ami 
strong digers (sic) collected " : "OS ]UX)^\\e "oeAj ah buijiT) Cfiuinn, "twelve 
knights for his coasts": AOf ciuil "aged singers." The rest of the translation is 
in the same style. 

- In the cover of this MS. is written the following note : " The two stories of 
the Bald Dog and the Children of Lir are in the handwriting of one John 
MacQuigge, a vulgar pedant, who to drive a livelyhood turned Methodist, and so 
far imposed on the Bible Society in Dublin as to be appointed to superintend an 
edition of the Bible in Irish, printed in Dublin, which is full of errors." 


transcript of the second MS. of those here enumerated ; and 
Add. 18946, dated 1821. Of TTlxxcxiorh xmi lolAif, the British 
Museum possesses a version in Eg. 170, which is made up of 
parts of two copies in different hands, one of them dated 1720. 
There is another copy in a singularly beautiful hand, Add. 
18945, dated 1834. 

I have not had time or opportunity to examine the copies 
of the tales that may exist in other libraries, or even to collate 
fully the British Museum copies themselves. And indeed a 
variorum edition of stories such as these would hardly be 
worth the enormous labour it would involve. We are not here 
concerned with the conscious literary effort of a single writer, 
whose ipsissima verba it is important to deduce from pains- 
taking collations of all existing copies of his works. These 
are tales which have been shaped half-unconsciously by their 
narrators and transcribers, and for all practical purposes 
(except perhaps for the lexicographer), verbal deviations are 
of small importance. When not direct copies one of another^ 
the divergencies these MSS. display, not merely in words but 
also in the actual nature and order of the incidents related, are 
so profound that two or three versions of each story would 
have to be printed entire, in order to display properly their 
mutual discrepancies. It must of course be conceded that to 
the folklorist, tracing out the history of each tale, these latter 
variations are of great importance; and had I had the 
opportunity I should have attempted an analysis of the 
divergencies of incident. But a few days snatched from an 
interval between two foreign sojourns, each several years 
long, was all I was able to devote to work on the Manuscript 
materials: it was in that short time impossible to do more 
than transcribe, as rapidly as possible consistent with due 
care, one version of each text, and to glance cursorily through 
the others. 


If Irish is to be revived as a literary language some 
orthographical standard must be fixed and adopted ; and just 
such a standard has been admirably set by Father Dinneen's 
Dictionary, recently published by the Irish Texts Society. As 
the editor of a seventeenth or eighteenth English classic does 
not think it incumbent upon him, except in special cases, to 
preserve the misspellings and misprints of the early editions 
of the text under his hands, so I have not thought it worth 
while to adopt the irregular orthography of the manuscripts on 
which I have worked, which indeed are as discrepant among 
themselves in this respect as they are in diction and in incident. 
I have accordingly throughout conformed the spelling to 
the model of Dinneen. Such few antiquated grammatical 
forms as may here and there occur have of course been 
carefully preserved. As some readers, however, may prefer to 
have before them the exact forms used in the MS., I have 
noted alterations and modifications (other than such slight 
orthographical changes as j^c, fc for fg, fo, etc.), that I have 
thought it advisable to make; some by means of square 
brackets in the text, the rest in the Appendix. 

In the translation I have aimed at nothing more than 
giving the contents of the Irish in passable English. Though 
much of the Celtic idiom and verbal order has been inten- 
tionally retained, for the sake of the " flavour," I have avoided 
slavish literalness. On the other hand "fine writing" has 
been avoided with equal care. 

The vocabulary is intended to be supplementary to 
Dinneen's Dictionary, and includes all the words that I have 
discovered to be omitted from that excellent work. A good 
many will be seen to be compounds, the components of which 
are duly recorded in Dinneen, or verbal nouns of which 
Dinneen gives the parent verb. They are here included for 
the sake of completeness. 




These stories both belong to the " Wonder- voyage " type 
of tale, and further have in common their connexion with the 
Arthurian cycle of mythological heroes. Arthur, however, 
plays a secondary part in both romances, and the dreamland 
of griiagachs and monstrous nightmare shapes is here as 
typically a creation of Irish fancy as in any of the stories of 
the Finn cycle. 

To the present editor such wild tales appeal as the most 
interesting of the classes into which the existing pieces of Irish 
literature can be divided — an opinion which he simply records 
fts a matter of personal feeling, without desiring in the least to 
interfere with the predilections of those who may have other 
preferences. The gibe that they are " silly " applies just as 
fitly to the stories on which Chaucer based his Canterbury 
Tales, or Tennyson his Idylls of the King. The world where 
the characters move is not our every-day earth, for though it 
contains lands with familiar names — Scythia, Persia, India — 
these are as fanciful as are Sorcha and Tir fo Thuinn. The 
interest of the stories is not the development of plot and 
character, but the insight they give into the fertility of unre- 
strained imagination, and the amazing richness of vocabulary, 
of the people among whom these tales came into being. 

A few definite figures on the latter point may be interest- 
ing. Some one has calculated somewhere that the average 
English rustic makes habitual use of not more than three or 
four hundred XA'ords ; and though this seems a small figure, it 
will readily be believed by any one who has had dealings with 
that not very inspiring section of humanity. I have prepared 
a complete vocabulary of the second and longer of the stories 
in this book, and find that it employs two thousand three 
hundred and forty-one different words — not counting oblique 


cases and verbal inflexions. Copying and re-copying, reading 
and re-reading, telling and re-telling these stories must have 
been of no small educational value, when all other forms of 
education were difficult of access. To be able to use freely so 
large a vocabulary, even in narrating the adventures of trans- 
formed princes and ladies with magic steeds, was surely no 
mean or despicable or " silly " accomplishment. 

It would perhaps be a little venturesome to apply the term 
" literature," in its strictest sense, to stories such as these. 
Yet are they the germs of a literature which, in happier cir- 
cumstances, might have come to fuller fruition. The first of 
the stories is the cruder of the two. Eagle-Boy is more 
advanced, and seems to be pointing the way towards the 
development of a romantic literature. The rolling streams of 
alliterative adjectives have an air of artificiality. These, it 
must be admitted, soon grow wearisome to a reader ; they 
require to be heard, well declaimed, for their raison d^etre to be 
fully understood. It may freely be conceded, however, that 
this characteristic is a blemish ; notwithstanding, Eagle-Boy is 
a striking story, displaying, especially in its earlier sections, no 
small constructive ingenuity and literary feeling. This is notably 
the case in the passionate prison-chamber scene ; here the story- 
teller has descended from the cloudland of his dream, and given 
us a genuinely human incident, with fine dramatic possibilities; 



September, 1908. 

eAcctiA AH mAT)iiA rriAoit 


|\i5 Afutjp m^c 1ut!)Aifi tnic Ambjioif mic CorifCAincin 'yMn 
fepojiAOif mb^ojAlxMs Af Th^ig n-A nlongnAi!) ; mAjA a\\ C|AUin- 
mgeA'OAt; triAice x^5Uf mof-tixMfte a rhuinncine ^suf a rhCijA- 
te^jlAij 6ui5e, -oo 66rhm6tixi-o n^ fex^lgA fx^ot-p-Aije fiot- 
fA-OA fin leif. Agiif f A mof tiirhif muinncife -An Cfem-fioj 
fin, oif niof Ua Itiib cfe 6t-Af CAlrhAn, no Atci gcofp -ouine, 
no Ia 'yAn mbtiA'6Ain, 'n-A jAif cit)eA6 5niotriA6cA6 Aguf fi-oif e 
l[\6-6\y6t>A Af ceAjlAt An Cfein-fiog fin : eAt)6n, -da fi-oife 
•oeA^ nA cf 6-6aCca, Agtif 'oa fiT)ife "o^Ag nA beo'OACCA, lo 
A^uf -OA fi-oife -oeAg An t)uifit) C|\tiinn, Aguf -Oa fi*oife 
•oeAg nA coriiAifte, Aguf -oa CeAX) Aguf tja fiCix) fi-oife An 
t)uifo Thoif, Agtif feA6c mile fi*oife An ceAjlAig, ^av^ 
AifeAtri t)AnCui|\e nC bAn-bAlA, eigfe no ollAtriAn, AOfA ciuil 
no oiffiiDit). I.') 

1f Annfin 'oo ffAtnuigeAt) Aguf no fui-OiujAx!) Agtif -oo 
ffAonAt) Ar^ ufeAlg feAitif Ai^dce leo, f a t)oifit)ili) "bluite "bo- 

eolAlf, AgUf fA peA-OAll) flA-OAfhlA fAfACA, AgUf f A ttlUfAlb 

fei'Oe f 6-Aille, Aguf f a gleAnncAib "biAtrif a "bo-eolAif , Aguf 
f A 6oillcib CAortiA 6ntJAf-ionT0A, Aguf f a rtiA^Ait) rhine \\6- 20 
Aille nA fof Aoife c6A*onA fin. 

Sui-OeAf 5a6 Aon aca i n-A '6unAt) feAlgA, Aguf i n-A 
lAitfeA^Ait) licte, Aj^uf 1 n-A mbeAptiAi'bib bAogAil, Aguf i 
n-A n-ionA-OAib lOfgAtle, mAf "00 6leACcAT)Aoif cofCAf 5A6A 
feAlj^A "DO "OeAnAfh foirhe fin fiArh. Aguf 'oo fuit) "Ri An 25 
"OorriAin 1 n-A t)tinA'6 feAljA fein, Aguf "oo bi A5 eifueACc f6 
nuAll^Aif nA n5;Aff At), fe feAfCAn r\A mileAt), f\6 gotAit) nA 
n-uAf Al, f e 5feAf a6c nA njA-OAf, f 6 bfOfCti^At) nA buit)ne, -p e 
feA'D^Aif nA bpeAf fiAt)Ai^, Aguf fe leigeAn nA lA06fAA"6 A|\nA 
lUAt-6onAit). 3 

The Story of the Crop-eared Dog 

A CHASE, a hunting, and a warrior-battue was convened by 
King Arthur, son of lubhar, son of Ambrose, son of Constan- 
tine, in the Dangerous Forest on the Plain of Wonders ; where 
the chiefs and nobles of his people and his great household 
assembled to him, to convene with him that laborious long- 
lasting chase. And great was the number of the people of 
that powerful king : for not more were the plants through the 
floor of the world, or joints in a human body, or days in 
the year, than the active warriors and very valiant knights in 
the household of that powerful king : that is to say, there were 
twelve knights of valour, and twelve knights of activity, and 
twelve knights of the Round Table, and twelve knights of 
counsel, and two hundred and two-score knights of the Great 
Table, and seven thousand knights of the household, without 
enumerating the assembly or troop of women, poets or men of 
learning, musicians or melodists. 

Then the aforesaid chase was extended and arranged and 
turned aside by them, under dense groves, hard to know, 
and under savage waste thickets, and under smooth very 
beautiful ramparts, and through secret glens, hard to know, and 
under fair woods, rich in nuts, and through the smooth, very 
beautiful plains of that same forest. 

Each of them sits in his hunting-booth, and in their spots 
of lying down (?) ^, and in their gaps of danger, and in their 
places of plunder, as they were wont always to celebrate the 
battue of every hunt before that. And the King of the 
World sat in his own hunting-booth, and was listening to the 
outcry of the companies, to the hunting-cry of the soldiers, to 
the voices of the nobles, to the barking of the beagles, to the 
excitement of the troop, to the whistling of the huntsmen, and 
to the warrior-bands letting slip the swift hounds. 

^ ticte means " nimble, active, supple." But perhaps read tije " of lying down.' 

4 eACcnA An rtiA'onA rhAoit 

*Oo bi-^eAT)^!; *\fhlAit) fin 50 puineAt) neilL non-A ^guf 50 
tiup-tof^C DA lioit)Ce, 6if\ niO|\ 61^15 conx\6 fe^lgA n6 ArhAtic- 
^|\ p-a"6ai5 leo *.\n Ia pn. Aguf i^jp troul "oo 'n gjiein "o'a 
ti^"6t)A co'OAlCA, "oo CjAuinn 156^*0 -Ap a triuinnce^|A 'o'lontif uit)e 
An tAio j, -Aguf 'oo f einn fiAT) a f cuic ^^uf x\ n-o^g-din, a 35 
mbexxnn^ t)ti^\t!)^ill xxguf a sctufte-Ann^ ciuit, xi^uf -a n--At)*Mf\- 
ceAnnA pofiofit)^ An c^n fin : Aguf X)' piAfftngeA-OAfi -oo 'n 
Cf\ein-|\i5 cfeAX) 'oo '6eAnfAi'oif An omte fin. 'Oo lAttAif An fi 
X)o 5titrh6|A AfX) foUuf-glAn, A^tif if e f\o fAit) — 

*' A 'OeAg-rhiiinncif ," a|\ f e, " acaix) jeAf a lonrbA ofm-f a, 40 
Aguf If "oiotD fin fCAlf^ nA pofAOife "bAoglAije 'oo 66rhtn0f At) . 
1 gcionn saC feACctriAt) t)liAt)nA. Aguf x)a n-eife66A"6 An 
Cf eAts liom An Cqa-o Ia, An f of Aoif T)' f A5A1I ; Aguf munA 
n-eifeoCAt), fAnAiriAin An "OAfA Ia, Aguf An CfeAf Ia, A5 
corhmof A"0 nA f eAlgA. Aguf ni CAiUf eAX) mo gcAf a," a|\ f 6, 45 
" 6if If "Duine 5An \\At a CAilteAf a $eAf a." 

lAf fin eif^eAf cfOim-teAgtAci Aguf Cfoim-tiondl An fiog 
fo HA feAt)Ait) Aguf fo nA coillcit!) f A coirhneAfA t)Cit); -oo 

tDUAin A'Ot^Af bOlCe Agllf DeAlfCAlAin : AgUf -oo tfAfCf A-OAf 
An pot) "d'a "DCUAJAlt!) CAnA bCAl-f AOt)f aCA, AgtJf f ceAnAit) 50 

|\AnnA6A f coicjeAf A ; Aguf "oo finne fiAt) botA Aguf beAlf ca- 

lAin, AgUf LeA5|\ At) leo IAX) X)0 lUACAIf UfjlAlf, Agtlf t)Ull- 

leAt)Af t)AC-AlAinn -OAfAije, Agtif bAf|\Ait) cfAnn cOrhjlAf 
eile Af CeAnA , lonnAf 50 int)At) "oion Af jAOit Aguf Af 
feAfCAin -odit) iat). tlo f A-ouig fiAX) ceinnce Aguf ceAn-OAlA 55 
lAf fin, A^U]* fo 6Ait fiAT) A bpfoinn Aguf a X)CorriAlCAf 'do 
t^iAtiAit) fAOfA fo-(iAicine Aguf X)o t)eo6Ait) rhine trieifceArhlA. 

Agtif An CAn fA n-AOit)inn "odit) A5 61 Aguf Ag AoibneAf, 
•oo eifij An fi 'n-A fCAf Am Aguf 'oeAfCAf nA ceitfe ti-Ai|\"oe 
imill-leAtnA Af 5AC CAOit) "oe, 'n-A timCeAll; Aguf -0060 
ConnAjAC An c-Aon 05IA6 05, AfmtA, ei'oijte, inneAllCA, -d'a 
ionnfuit)e ; Agtjf leine t)o mAot-ff6l 1 'ocimCeALl a ^eiL- 
Cneif, ionA|\ lon^AncAt 6|\-fnAite Af uA6cAf a CAOimleine, 


They were in that fashion to the setting of the noonday 
cloud and to the beginning of the night, for no prosperity of 
hunting or luck of the chase had fallen to their lot that day 
And when the sun had gone to its place of rest, his people as- 
sembled to the presence of the king, and then they sounded their 
trumpets and organs, their bugles and pipes of music, and 
their glorious horns ; and they asked of the powerful king 
what they should do that night. The king spoke with a great 
high clear voice, and thus he said : — 

" Good people," said he, " there are many tabus on me, 
and one of them is to convene the chase of the Dangerous 
Forest at the end of every seventh year. If the chase should 
prove fortunate for me the first day, to leave the forest ; if not, 
to stay the second day, and the third, convening the hunt. 
And I shall not break my tabus," said he, "for he is a person 
without prosperity who breaks his tabus." 

After that the mighty household and assembly of the king 
rises and goes through the thickets and woods nearest to 
them, to cut down the material for booth and hut ; and they 
overthrew the wood with their thin edge-mouthed axes and 
their dividing sharp-pointed knives ; and they made booths 
and huts, and they were sheltered by them with very green 
rushes, and beautifully-coloured leaves of oak, and tops of 
other equally green trees in general ; so that they should be a 
shelter for them against wind and rain. They kindled fires 
and brands after that, and ate their supper and their provender 
of costly meats pleasant to eat, and of fine and intoxicating 

And when they were in a pleasant state, drinking and 
pleasuring, the king arose standing, and he looks to 
the four broad-bordered quarters on each side of him all 
around ; and he saw one young champion, armed, accoutred, 
and equipped, approaching him ; and a tunic of fine silk around 
his white skin ; a wonderful gold-threaded mantle above his 

6 eACuuA An rhA'onA rhAoit 

A^uy lui|\eA6 "OxMnsexMi, •oluit, "Oeij-frijce, um xx 6of\p feing- 

Af\ tiAtcAp n^ tuipige fin ; Aguf clxM'OeArh d|\-'Ouiiin lonclxMf 
clAifleAC^n A^f A flMfxMX) tie. tTlionn c^orh cdrh-b^ingexMi 
cloCt)tiA\t)A6 il6e^|\*Ox\(j um -a 6ionn ; fCMt il-6e-Att)A6 t)0c6i- 
"oexit t)^in'0ex^p5 a\\, fcuAiT!)lei|A5 xi x)fotnA, A^uy tincit)e "oo 
l1Cf^ex^CA1t:) (3|ix)-a i n-imexilt-t:)6|\T)xMt) n-A fxij-fceite pn, *oo 70 
innifin -Agiif "oo fxMfneif h-aC |\xMt) Af cut f ceite n6 clAit)irh 'f 
-An 'oorhxMn lAod n6 ^A^'j['ceAt)A6 "oo t)'pe^|A|\ 'n-A -An c^A^m- 
rhile^X) fin. X>a fleij uitle-Ann^CA i n-,A je-Al-jlxMC ■6eif : 
xxg-Ait) f A'o-txxot f olAf CA leif ; x^guf f of c glx^f glAn-lom- 
neAfOxN •oe-Ag-nu.At) ne.Arh.An'Oxi ^A^\\eACZAC i n-A 6ionn ; -Aguf 75 
t)eAl CAnA CfucAC cumtA teif ; cogtDAil rhin-rh-All rriAnlA 
lAiogAfhAil 1 n--A rhAil5it)it!) ; cibpi'oce f eif ce i n-A f 105- 
jfUAi'oiti) ceAccAfOA ; Agiif X)A X)e^t)eA6 'OAOine An "borhAin •06. 
Aguf If AfhlAit) *oo t)i, Aguf locf Ann loinneAfbA tAn-folAf 
1 n-A tAirh 6le, Agtif fo t)! An fi -o' a feACAin no 50 t-Ainig "d'a 80 
tAtAif : Ajtif fiAff uijeAf An fi Aftuf fceAlA x)e. 

" Hi T)' innifin fceAt "oo t-Ainig me, aCu A5 lAfjiAit) coiti- 
|\Aic Aoinfifi ofc-f A Aguf Af\ "oo rhumnci|\," Af f e ; '' oif "oo 
CiuAlAf nA6 t)fuil fi AjA "Opuim 'oorhAin if Ua peAf comlAinn 

CfO'OA Af A teAJlAC 'nA CUf A," A|\ f 6. 8^ 

An CAn 'oo CuaIa •opeAm An fiog fin, tii5AX)Af\ "oeAlt!) rhAit 
Af t)f 01 6-1)61 It) Aguf rriAife Af rhio-niAife, Aguf tAinig ciug- 
■p6t)Aif c t)Aif "o'a f Aitib ; 6i|A tjo Cuai"d T)a tfiAn A n-AigeAncA 
6 5aC Aon ACA. lAf n-A f Aicfin fin "do Ri'oife An ICCpAinn 

if 6 ADUbAlfC — 90 

" C f Alt) t)Uf gCLlACA Agtlf t)Uf gCOllA AnUAIflC, A teAglAlg 

rheACA rhio-funAig, cia lionrriAf t)Uf n-AifeAtri fit), if ceAfC 
•oo t)Uf n-T)fcA5lAoCAit) ; Aguf If t)Af AiriAil 'OAtri-f A nA6 
t)eifeAnn t)Uf meACACc no t)tif riiiolAoCcACc UAiin fit), gAn mo 
"biol (iAt-iAf5AiLe X)' fAgAil UAit)." 95 

^^S^r ^^5 r^"^ "*^ mt)fiACAf fin x)6, "oo fAit a fCiAt 50 


fair tunic ; and a firm, close, well-woven breastplate about his 
slender, brightly beautiful, well-curved body ; a handsome 
gold-hemmed scapular above that breastplate ; and a golden- 
hilted, ingenious, broad-grooved sword on his left thigh. A 
beautiful, very firm, jewelled diadem of manifold art about his 
head ; a shapely, studded, flesh-coloured shield on the ridge 
of his back, and lines of golden letters in the edges of that 
royal shield, to announce and proclaim that there was not at 
the back of shield or sword in the world a warrior or champion 
better than that mighty soldier. Two angled spears in his 
white right hand ; he had a long, narrow, radiant face, and a 
grey, clear-glorious, fresh, brilliant, joyous eye in his head ; 
and he had a slender, shapely, handsome mouth, a smooth- 
slow, quiet, kingly raising in his eyelids, springs of love in 
each of his royal cheeks ; and the people of the world were 
inferior to him. And in this wise was he; a glistening, 
full-lighted lantern was in his left hand, and the king was 
watching him till he came to his presence ; and king Arthur 
asks news of him. 

" Not for telling news have I come, but seeking single 
combat of thee and of thy people," said he ; " for I have heard 
that there is not a king on the back of the world richer in 
men of valorous combat in his household than thou," said 

When the followers of the king heard that, they exchanged 
a fair form for an uncomely form, and beauty for ugliness, and 
there came a thick onset of death over their multitudes ; for 
two-thirds of their spirit went from each one of them. When 
the Knight of the Lantern saw that, he said — 

'^ Since your forms and your bodies are ignoble, O cowardly, 
malicious household, although ye be many in numbers, 
ye are scanty in heroes ; and it is my opinion that your 
cowardice and want of heroism will not take you from me, 
without my getting from you my satisfaction of battle- 

•And when he said those words he thrust his shield hotly 

8 e^CutiA AH rtiA'onA ttiAOit 

toifcne-A6 i rrouncxMt) n^ ZAlmAn 50 cn^An--A'6t)At, a-^ ^A\\^A^i) 
com\\Aic. ^A1[\ r\-A f?xMCfin fin 'oo'n fig, x)' pM|?ptii$ *o'a tfioim- 
teA^lA6 CIA ^A6At> T)' ionnfui'6e An CorhlAinn. |?fieA5|iAf -dti 
Ki-oifie 5e-Al itiaC t^ioj PfAinnce e, x\5iif A-outixMiAC 50 ji-AtAt!) 100 
pein *o'a ionnftin:)e. 

^ijAje^f An Tli'Di|\e "^eAl lAjiArh, A^uf ceAngtAf a 6Aorh6of\p 
1 n-A CAt-6i*oeAC Cfio-OA Aguf C|\tiA'D-6orht\Aic, Aguf ceit) 1 
gcoinne Aguf 1 5C<5rh"6Ait Ri-oiiAe An toCf-Ainn : Aguf CAiteAT)Af\ 
•pfAif T)' A n-A|\tnAiti) "oiol^fixMCte "oiAfoile 511^ C^fiomf at) iAf\ fin 105 
CjiioftAig A fciAC ; 50 n'oeA6A'OA]\ 1 tnuimgin a 5CtAi"6eArh 

COlg-feAfhAjA 5lAC-LA1T)1f , AgUf ttl5A*0A|\ glGIC |\e ^tlAt), Agtlf 

CjioiT) fe CACAf, Aguf Aj fe Cfomgom, Aguf *oo finne fiA"0 
corhf AC z^eAn cinneAfnAC meA\K miceiltit)e 6 501I AiniA|\rhA|i- 
CA15 Ain5iT)e nAirfroeAitiAil neA|^c-CAtinA \\e Ceile. iio 

ClOt)Cf.ACC bA t)0|lt) An bUAI'DfCAX), AgUf bA peAf'bA An 

fAfCAt) "oo t!)eifi*oif T)' A Ceile, lonnAf 511^ ^jiiotninj An CAlAtti 
Cf omf 6iT)eA6 f a n-A gcofAib Aguf 'n-A n-tiiptimCeAtt. ACc 
AUA nit) 6eAnA, je'p fonncA folAtriAC Agtif ge'f feit|ie<\<i 
piof-CAlmA An KiT)ife "^eAl A5 T)til Ctitn An corhjiAic fin, bA 115 
bAnbf Ann neAtriA|i|\A6cA6 Aguf bA mei|AcneA6 tnio-lAoCcA "o' 
Aitte An Corhf A1C e. Ci|a if AtritAi'6 *o'i?A5 'Ri'Difie An tctf Ainn 
f6 gliAt) nA cAtiTKxn, n-A CimeAC 6feApAilce tfUAtxiuibnigte 
1 bfoi|\(iionn An CorhtAinn e. Aguf bUAileAf a fCiAt An 'oajia 
fGAtc, lonnAf 50 5cltiinfi'6e fo nA Cjiio^Aib fA c6irrineAfA 120 
t)6 6. 

'^S^r Fr^^Sr^r ^^ tli'oife T)ub mAC j\i05 nA 5CA0IA6 e, 
Aguf -DO finne fiAT) cotfifiAC CjieAn cinneAfnAt meAt\mi(::eilti"6e 
fve Ceile ; Aguf -oob i cf 106 An CorhfVAic, 5U|\ f A5 tli*oi|Ae 
An tCCjiAinn 'n-A CimeAt CfAeApAilce (ifvuA^tiiibfijte e. 125 

ACc ACA nit) 6eAnA, se'f neAfCttiAf t)6-Ai|irheA(i ceAglAC 
An Cfein-fioj fin, A^uf ge'f; CAlmA a gctif Ait) Aguf a gCAt- 
rhait)e, "oo CeAngAl Tli-oiiie An t66fAinn iat) uile, Adz 
t3AlbuAit) "oe CoiAX)ibuf, "oo bi 'n-A rriACAorh 65 aitiuICaC, a\\ An 


on the enclosures of the earth, strongly and power- 
fully, a-seeking combat. When the king saw that, he asked of 
his mighty household who would go to the fight. The White 
Knight, son of the king of France, answers him, and said that 
himself would go to it. 

The White Knight rises afterwards, and binds his fair body 
in his battle- trappings of warfare and harsh conflict, and comes 
to meet and join the Knight of the Lantern ; and they 
poured showers from their shooting-arms at one another 
so that they bent thereafter the edges of their shields ; so 
they fell back on their broad-bladed, strong-hilted swords, and 
gave wrestling with combat, and fighting with conflict, and 
valour with heavy wounding, and they made a strong, stout, 
active, mad combat out of evil-fated, furious, hostile, strong, 
brave valour against one another. 

However, rough was the affliction, and heroic the com- 
pression they inflicted on one another, so that the heavy- 
sodded earth shook under their feet and all around them. 
Nevertheless, though bold and dexterous, and though stout 
and truly valorous was the White Knight in going to 
that fight, he was weak and impotent and feeble and unheroic 
after the fight. For in this wise the Knight of the Lantern 
left him, with a fight of the world,^ a fettered and tightly bound 
captive at the end of the fight. And he strikes his shield the 
second time so that it should be heard through the territories 
nearest to him. 

And the Black Knight, son of the King of the Caolachs, 
answered him, and they fought a strong, stout, active, mad battle 
with one another ; and the end of the battle was, that the Knight 
of the Lantern left him a fettered and tightly bound captive. 

Nevertheless, though powerful and countless was the 
household of that powerful king, and though valorous 
their warriors and heroes, the Knight of the Lantern bound 
them all save only Galahad de Cordibus, who was a young, 

^ i.e., a. furious fight (?). Obscure : probably corrupt. Tossibly for t^ijmste 
Ap t., "stiff on the ground." 

lo eAtzuA AH ttiA'ouA rriAOit 

t^t-Aifv fin. Aguf 5lu^if e^r |\oirhe i t)pi\itin5 tiA con-Ai|\e 130 
ceAX)nA\, M|\ t)px\5t)iil ^n fioj ^5tif -A rhuinnci|\e C|\ti^t)Cuit>- 
jAijCe ^rhlxM-O pn, ^guf pex3k|i^f ceo -ooilfete *OfixiOi"6e^\6cx\ 'n-A 
TJUMt), x,\5tif *oo tii-OeA-o^t^ xittil^it) fin 50 fuine^t) neill nonA 
^5^r 50 li-eifje 5feine a\\ n-xx tnb^fxxC. 1f xxnnfin 'oo lAt)^Mf 
Ar\ fi pfif An zeA^lA^, Agiif if e |\o f-Ait) — 135 

" 1f Cf u^g An sniorh fo "00 tA\\lA t)uinn," a]\ fe, " Oifv 
-o^ t)fe^\fA'Oxxoif bAnc|A-d(ic xxguf b^n'O^lA T)unxx An 
Y\AltA "Oeips A|\ mbeic mA\\ fo, 'do •oe^nfAi'oif bx^oj^l 
tn^g^it) A-^uy fonorh-Ai-oe -oinn, xxguf cuif\fi-oif a^^ mio-6tu 
Agtif Af meArA^z y:A 'n -oorhAn mof tnle, A^uy ni ciubf^i'oif i*^ 
ZAoX)A ffinn 50 bfuinne xxn X)^AtA Agtif 50 poifce^nn An 
VyeAtA. Aguf If e if in-oe^nuA t)uinn, fAnArh^\in 'f<^^ lonAt) 
fO, 50 bfxXjxMn ne^t ^igin -oo 'n A*OAm-Cloinn "OO be^ffAf 
fUfCAtc no f oifitin "oninn o'n moif-eigeAn foi n-A bpuilimix)." 

"If m^MC An CotriAifte fin te -oeAnAm," Af t)AlbuAii:) -oe 145 
Cofoibuf, " A^tif If coif A 'oeAnAMTi." 

Ciot)C|u\6c "oo tDi-oevX-OAf AttiUMt) fin 50 fuineA"6 neiil 
n6nA A^uf 50 tiuf-tofA6 n^ lioit)Ce, g^n fufc^tc 116 f 6if itin : 
5tif tAti)^Mf An fi te bAlbuAit) -oe Cofoibuf, Aguf if e fo 
\\A^^6 — 150- 

" At)AlCA t)il-5fAt)Ai5," Af fe, " AZA ^ige^n if m6 'nA 5^6 
ei^e-An oftn-fA, Cif aza ce-Afb-AC tifim CAfCA Aguf fi*\n 
fAbAfCA t^6-"oein iocAn oftn, Aguf g^n ca\\a no compAnAC 
1 bfoguf 'OAtri "DO t)eAf<\t) cofc m'locAn CujAm." 

"A oi-oe lonrriAin," Af t)-Alt)UAi-o, '"oa •ocugCAOi-fe [c'] Aftn 156 
Agiif e^t)eA6 fein t)ATti-fA, Aguf eol^f 'o'ionnfuit)e cioDfAi'oe, 
"DO fA^CAinn A]\ 6ionn TDije t)uic g^n moitl." 

"A *DAlCA '6iT-5fAt)Ai5," Af An fi, *' An uiobfAiT) if 50i[\e 
■6uinn Annfo, ni bftnl 'f-^^^ 'ootriAn lonAX) lonAf Iia geilce 
glinne Aguf "oeAitiAin Aeif Aguf AffACcAit; eigCeilUtJe 160- 
fUAttriAfA fiOfjfAnnA 'n-A cimteAll 'nS 1 : Agtif if fCAff 
liotTif A t)Af -o'f A5A1I X)o 'n CAfc fo ofiTi, 'nA An c-Aon-t)iiine if 


beardless boy, on that spot. And he goes straight back by the 
same way, after leaving the king and his people tightly bound in 
that fashion, and he pours a dark mist of druidry behind him, 
and they were thus till the setting of the noonday cloud, and 
to the rising of the sun on the morrow. Then the king spoke 
to the household, and thus he said :— 

" A pity is this thing which has happened to us," said he, 
" for were the ladies and women of the Fort of the Red Hall to 
know of our being like this, they would make the mischief of 
a mock and jest of us, and publish our despite and our weakness 
over the whole world, and to doomsday and the world's end 
would never again be beside us. And this is what we must 
do — stay in this place, till we get some one of Adam's race 
who will give us help or succour from this great necessity in 
which we are." 

" Good is that advice to be followed," said Galahad de 
Cordibus, ** and it is right to follow it." 

However, they were thus till the setting of the noonday 
cloud and to the beginning of night, without help or succour ; 
so that the king spoke to Galahad de Cordibus, and thus he 
said : — 

" Dear loving foster," said he, " there is a necessity on me 
greater than every other, for there is a dry heat of thirst and 
the trace of a violent storm of drouth upon me, without friend 
or companion near me who should bring me quenching of my 

" Dear tutor," said Galahad, " if thyself gavedst me thine 
own arms and equipments, and knowledge how to go to a well, 
I should go for drink for thee without delay." 

'' Dear loving foster,'' said the king, " the nearest spring 
to us here, there is not in the world a place were fuller of 
valley-warlocks and air-demons and unreasoning, hateful, 
horrible monsters around it than it is ; and I prefer to die of 
this thirst upon me, than voluntarily to put the one man 

12 eACctiA An rhAT)TiA rhAoit 

ATinf-A tiom 'o'fre*.\fAxMt> An -oorhAin "oo Cufi i nsuAfA^c^ t)Aif p6 
n-Am fo "OO mo '6eoin pein." 

" Ha llAt!)A1|A fin, A |\15 AgUf A tlgeAfAnA," AfV t)Alt)tlA1'6, l^''> 

" oi|\ "OO ti)ei|Mm-fe mo tDfiAtAp pof, A^uf ttnjim p6 nA "o^itit) 
•QuiteACA, nA6 'oeAnp ad ciuinif no comnui"6e r\6 50 c^it) me Afi 
(iionn "oije ■otiic-fe. Agtif if AtrilAit) "oo fA^At) Ann, Aguf 
5f AT) fi-oif eAcuA ofm ; 6ifi ni "oo "Ctnne if AnuAifle 'nA fi*oifve 
If c6it^ A "Out Af 6ionn "Oije CugAC-fA." 170 

lAf n-A 6lof fin T)o 'n fig, "oo fCAOil[A] Afm Aguf ^i^oeAci 
fein T)e, Aguf tug t)© l)At5tiAit) iat), mAille fe 5f a*o fi^oife, 
Agtif 50if eAf " Sif iDAltDUAit) " *oe ; Aguf At)tibAif c leif An 
cofn ceAtAif-beAnnAt cLoc-1!)tiA"6A6 CAoirh-fleAfCA6 (Aguf An 
CiipA CeACf ArhA6 if Ainm "66) 1 n-A f aca-6 61 cao^at) 1 n-AOin- 175 
feA6c, "OO t)feic teif, A^uif T)ut 'o'lonnfume CiobfAiTDe 
nA mt)tiAX) Af ttlAij nA nIongnAt). 

UogbAf Sif t)All3iiAi"0 An cofn leif, A^tif gliiAifeAf 
foime [1] n-AitjeAffA jaca conAif e 50 f Ainig 50 Uiobf ait) nA 
mlDuAt). Ajtif cuifeAf An cofn f a An r'.f;, Aguf lAf n-A 180 
t65ti)Ail T)6, "oeAf CAf f ca^at) "oe ; Aguf *oo bi bile bAff-glAf 
beAngAnAt 1 gcomgAf "OO 'n uobAf , Agiif "oo CuaIa An Cfofc 
Aguf An cofmAn in6f A5 bun An bile, Aguf leigif An cofn Af 
lAf, Aguf "OO 6uAit) cum An bile mAf ^cuaIa An cof Ann. 

Aguf X)0 6onnAfC An TnA*OfA TTIaoI liAt-rhonsAt, ^An 185 
CluAf 5An eAfbAll, A5 ceA6c 6 bun An bile, Aguf jfAin Aige 
Aguf lOf^Ail f Aif, lonnAf 50 bfAnfA-b mion-ubAll n6 m6f- 
Aifne Af bAff 5A6 Aon-fUAinne "oo 'n muinj gAifb ^lAif-leit 

*00 bi fAlf ; AgUf flAbfA AtJAfb lAfAinn fo n-A bfA$A1*0, AgUf 

X)o lAbAif "OO bfiAtf Aib cneAfCA pif-gliocA le Sif t)AlbUAn!) 190 
AgUf *DO flAffUlg f ceAlA "oe. 

" Tli "o' innifin f ceAlA tAinig me Annf o," Af Sif "bAlbuAiT!), 
•' 6if If cuibe liom 6f *^5tlf AifgeAT) "oo CAbAifC -00 

^ "OuAjic MS. : guAfAcc is the reading of Eg. 211. 


dearest to me of the men of the world in danger of death on 
this occasion." 

" Say not so, O King and Lord," said Galahad, "for I 
give my true word, and swear by the elemental gods, not to 
have patience or to wait, till I go for drink for thee. And thus 
will I go, with the order of knighthood ; for it is not right for 
a man humbler than a knight to go for drink for thee.'' 

After the king's hearing that, he loosed from him his own 
arms and accoutrements, and gave them to Galahad, with the 
order of a knight, and he calls him " Sir Galahad " ; and he 
told him to bring with him the four-peaked, jewelled, fair- 
spined horn (the Quartered Cup is its name) into which would 
go drink for fifty men at once, and to go to the Fountain of 
Virtues on the Plain of Wonders. 

Sir Galahad takes the horn with him, and goes by the 
shortest route till he reached the Fountain of Virtues. And he 
puts the horn under the house, and after lifting it up, he looks 
aside; and there was a green-topped, branching tree quite 
close to the well, and he heard a noise and great roaring at the 
bottom of the tree, and he leaves the horn on the ground, and 
went to the tree where he heard the thundering. 

And he saw the gray-haired Crop-eared Dog, without ears 
or tail, coming from the bottom of the tree, with ugliness on 
him and full of contentiousness, so that a small apple or large 
sloe would stay on the top of every hair of the rough, greyish 
pelt that was on him. A very rough iron chain was on his neck, 
and he spoke with mild, truly-clever words to Sir Galahad and 
asked news of him. 

*' Not to tell a story have I come here," said Sir Galahad, 
"for I think it more fitting that I should give gold and silver 

14 eACctiA An rhAT)nA riiAoit 

6ionn fcexNlA -o' innipin T)Atn, 'n^\ tne pein "oo t)eit X)'a 
n-innfin." 195 

" Hi tnif ce "OO 5Aifcex\'6-A6 n6 "OO fiT)i|\e "oa 6\\6-6a6z 
fceAlA T)' innifin 'OArn-fA," A|\ An THa-oiaa TTJaoI, " oi|\ "Oa mbAt) 
nA6 •ociut)|\A"6 "OAtn "o' a "oeoin, t)0 ti)Ainpinn "o'a AinrOeoin "oe 
e. Aguj^ If e tn' A'bbAiA A5 piAptAujA'o fceAlA •610c, lonnuf •oa 
mt)A'6 CAfA "6Am tu, 50 iroeAnpAinn ciitriAnn Aguf CA|\A'OfAt) 200 
leAC ; Aguf *OA mbAT) eAfCAfAA "OAtn tti, 50 tToeAn):Airjn CACujAt) 
Aguf corhfiAC leAC." 

Annfin T)0 lAbAit^ Si|\ DAlbuAit!) Aguf if 6 A-oubAific — 
" X)o "OfeAm Uiog An 'OorhAin mif e," Af f e, " Aguf a\\ 
cionn uifce 6tjm An 1^105 *oo tAinig me, Aguf if inf An 205 

bpOjlAOIf mt)A05AlA15 -o' pAgAf e, AgUf t)AlbUAlt) "oe CO|\T)lbUf 

m'Ainm, Aguf fin mo fceAlA "Ouic," a|\ fe. 

inA|\ •00 6uaIa An ITlA'OfA TTlAot fin, feA^Af fiOf\6AOin 
fAilce "00 SijA "bAtbuAit), Agtif pAffuigeAf "oe CfeAX) An 
•c-eigeAn m6|\ tdo bi a|\ An fig, An CAn "Oo 6uif An c-Aon-'6tiine 210 
•DO b' Annf A teif 'x'An 'DorhAin 'n-A uaca'6 Aguf 'n-A aov.a^ 
fo n-Am-f A "OO 'n oi"66e *o' lAff Ai'd uifce "66. PfeA^f Af Sif 
t)AlbuAit) e, Agtif f o innif 'oo mAf tAinig 'Rix)ife An L66f Ainn 
•d' a n-ionnfui"6e, Aguf mAf "oo CeAngAt An fi Aguf a muinn- 
ceAjv uiLe. 215 

" Deif bUAit) Aguf beAnnA6cAin," a\^ An TTlA-OfA tTlAOt, "if 
mAit nA fceAlA fin innifif cu "OAm : Aguf 5IAC ceAnn An 
CflAbfAfo ofm-fA 1 T)' lAirh, Aguf Cfeofuig mife "o' ionnfuit)e 
nA pof Aoife iDAogAlAije mAf a bfuil An fi A^uf a teAglAC 
ceAngAiLce cf uA-otuibfigte. Cif ciocf Ait) 1liT)ife An X.6t- 220 
fAinn Tf" A "OiCeAnnAt) Agtif "oo "biteAnnAt) a mmnncife rriAf 
Aon ffif Ano6c, Oif ni bfuit 'yAn -oorhAn Aon *ouine X)o fCAOit- 
feAX) neA6 -o' ai[\ ceAngAl 6 'n bfeAf fin fiAtti (a6c munA 
fCv\oilfeAt) fe fein) 'nA mife. A^uf ni bion6orhfAic •ouine 
•o' feAf Alb nA CAlrhAn leif A]\ mei*o a "Of AOi-OeAcicA Aguf a\\ 225 
feAbAf AigeAncA, Ajuf le meix) a neifC A^uf uAifle a Cfoi'be 


for stories to be told to me, than for myself to be telling 

" A champion or a knight is no worse, whatever his valour, 
for telling me news," said the Crop-eared Dog, " for if it were 
that he would not tell me it willingly, I should force him to do 
so against his will. And this is in the reason why I ask news 
of thee, so that if thou wert friendly to me, I might make a 
league and friendship with thee ; and if unfriendly, that I might 
make battle and war upon thee." 

Then spoke Sir Galahad, and thus he said : — 

'' Of the people of the King of the World am I," said he, 
" and I have come for water for the king, and in the Dangerous 
Forest have I left him, and Galahad de Cordibus is my name, 
and there thou hast my news," said he. 

When the Crop-eared Dog heard that, he welcomes Sir 
Galahad heartily, and asks of him what is the great necessity 
that was on the king when he sent the one man dearest to him 
in the world alone and solitary at that time of the night to 
seek water for him. Sir Galahad answers him, and told him 
how the Knight of the Lantern came to them, and how he 
bound the king and all his people. 

" Victory and blessing be thine," said the Crop-eared Dog. 
" Good is that news thou hast told me ; and take the end of 
this chain on me in thy hand and lead me to the Dangerous 
Forest where are the king and his household bound and in hard 
fetters. For the Knight of the Lantern will come to behead him 
and to behead his people with him to-night, for there is not in 
the world a person who would loose a creature on whom was a 
binding from that man (unless he loose him himself) but I. 
And no one of the men of the world can fight with him for the 
quantity of his druidry. and the excellence of his intellect, and 
the greatness of his strength, and the nobleness of his heart 

i6 eACunA An rhAT)nA ttiAoit 

x^5Uf A 6\\6t>-polA. Aguf "OaS t)pex\6p^oi-fe Ui'oifAe<\n l,66|\.Ainn 
XN5 ce^^tc T)' ionnfuit)e n^ muinnci|\e fin azS ce-Ang^Mlce, leig 
^mA6 cexitin -ad cfl*xt)|Axi -^suf le*.\npAX'D mife 50 UMit-]iinn," 

5ltiAMfe^'OA|A ^f A li-^itle fin x)' ionnfuit)e n^^ pof^oife 230 
t3xxo5AlxM5e, tn^f a |\Ait) An fi ^guf x\ rtminnceA\f\ cex^ns-<Mtce, 
A.\5tif 'Dx\ilex^f Sif t)All!)UAM"6 An cof\n "oo 'n f 15 ; ^guf ni rhCf 
50 f^ini5 teif 'oeoC oil ^f ^n c-An T)o 6onn-Af c pAX) Ui'oi|\e ^n 
tC^iAxMnn Cu6a, xxguf a 6lA^t>eArr\ noCcuigte 1 n-^ t-Airh "oeif 50 
litiflArfi *oo ■Dice^nnA"6 An fiog A^uy a rhtnnncife ; ^5uf 166- 235 
|\^nn loinne-A|\'OA t^Sn-fotAf 1 n-A l^irh Cle. 

tn^f 'oo Conn-AfC ^n TH^'oiia TDaoI a t>iot)X)A ^gtif e^fC-Af ^ 
^5 ce^Cc 1 5c6rhf05Uf , -00 tug ceibe^-6 ^^^uf CjAeAn-t^ffixMng 
A-^ An Cfl-AtDf^ -Af l^irh Sif t)AlX)HA^t>, A^uy leigex^f nA 
^AytA ^A^t)teA6A s^^onnyAtA A^uy nA |\u^t)-t!)uinniT!)e |\6i- 240 
"OMn^ f^tD-AfCxi, mAf fe1t)fex^t) fit)e 5*.\oite n6 feifbe te 
yAnA^t> "00 -Of uim m^C^ij^e no mullxit f leiGe e, 1 gcoinne x^guf 
1 gcorfrO^it tli'oife A^n \.66\\Amn. TTlAf -oo 6onnA\\c Ki'oif e ^^n 
toCfxMnn ^n lTlx^*OfA tD^ol, fitle^f 1 ftpficing nA conxMfie 
ceAX)nA Aguf fexif Af ceo "ooitlDte X)fxxoi"6exi6cA 'n-A '()^A\t> f 6 245 
mAtA^ye t)feAC-Ain, 1 ngAt con^ife a -ocige^t) ^n TTIx^-OfATTlAol 
Akguf Sif t)Att)tiAit) 1 n-A t)iAit). Agtif lAf nx)ul ^f *^ n-^rh^fc 

x3>5Uf CAf ^ fA'DA^fC Ux^t^, "OO lOtTlpUlg An ITlA'Dfxi IDx^Ol AkgUf 

Sif t)-Alt!)U-Ai*6 T)' lonnf uix)e A^n 11105, A^uy A'ouX)A^\yx: An VDA'oyA 
VTiAOl — 250 

" Uiocf^m turn nA zuICa-^a motA nA mAki'one 1 mX)A\[A6, 
Aguf X)o jeoliAktn lof 5 Ki'oife ^n "Lotf Ainn A^nn, A^uy Le^nf A^m 
50 mAit An lofg, A-^uy cuA\\.X)66Arr\ An 'oorhAkn "06, n6 50 
t)fA^5x^m e ^gtif 50 n-oiojAlfAm a\\ Gpiot a:\\." 

I^f fin "DO fille^-DAkf 1 gcionn An fiog A^guf a "OiieA^mA, 265 
^gtif "DO fCAOil fiAX) -GO 'n fiS ^5tif -OO 'n teA^lAC, -^^SMf t)A 
bui-oe^C An |\i xN^uf ia-d uile -oe -o' -a Cionn fin, 6if "OO t)Ain- 
eAi'DAkjA X)uil "oo CAt)Aif a6€ munA mXyeAtt a toifc tuCA. Aguf 
•o'fx^n*^'Ox^f Cf 1 t-Aite Agwf ceo|\-A oitxie 'f^^ t)fOf Aioif 1 X)fotA}\\ 


and of his blood. And if thou seest the Knight of the Lantern 
coming to that people who is bound, let loose the end of the 
chain and I shall follow him with sharp swiftness." 

After that they w^ent to the Dangerous Forest, where were 
the king and his people bound, and Sir Galahad portions the cup 
to the king ; and scarcely could he take a drink out of it when 
they saw the Knight of the Lantern approaching them, with his 
sword bared in his right hand ready to behead the king and 
his people ; and a glistening, full-lighted lantern in his left 

When the Crop-eared Dog saw his foe and his enemy 
coming close by, he gave a plucking and a strong pulling to 
the chain out of the hand of Sir Galahad, and lets eager, vehe- 
ment shouts and the very swift, strong waves of spring-tide, 
as the blast of wind or of a bellows would blow him on the 
slope from the ridge of a field or top of a hill towards and 
against the Knight of the Lantern. When the Knight 
of the Lantern saw the Crop-eared Dog, he returns back by 
the same road, and pours a dark, druidic mist behind 
him on the plain of Britain, in every way that the Crop-eared 
Dog and Sir Galahad should come after him. And when he 
went out of their sight and beyond their vision the Crop-eared 
Dog and Sir Galahad turned towards the king, and the Crop- 
eared Dog said : — 

" We will go to the hill early in the morning, and find the 
track of the Knight of the Lantern there, and will follow the 
track well, and search the world for him, till we find him 
and avenge our anger upon him." 

After that they returned to the king and his people, and 
loosened the king and the household, and the king and all 
of them were thankful on that account, for they had given 
up hope of help were it not for his journey to them. And 
they stayed three days and three nights in the forest with 

l8 CAtznA An lilA'DtlA ttlAOIl 

<An H105 ^5tif A nniinncif\e. ppoinnix) iAf\.Mr\ lonn-Af 50 260 
|\A\5xX'Dxi|\ fu&xiC foi-tiieAnmn^C 1 t)poCxM|\ a 6eile -An oit)6e fin, 
A^uf innifif Si|\ t)Alt)UvM-0 "oo 6A6 -An tnot) x^|\ ^ -oc-Afl^x An 
mAX)|\*.\ niAOl p.M|\ .\t\ "ouuf, u\]\ n-Dul "o' Mff-Aix) uifce -oo 'n 

eij^ji'D 1 tno6 n.A m^MDne a\\ n-A mbApAC, ^guf ceile*^t)tA.Ap 265 
An mA^X)|\A tn^olxxguf Si|\ t)All!)tiAi'D "OO 'n fig Aguf -o'a ■6fex^m 
uile .A|\ ceAnx^ ; ^guf 'oo t)i "Ofexxni Ar\ jn'og x\5 coifmeAfc A^n 
cufAif fin A\\ Sif t)Alti)u.Mt), .Aguf niof jAt) fin u^tA ; -Aguf t)A 
ciiiffe^6 •oobpon^c "Oo bi x^n ceAjlA^C uiLe 1 n-ouMt) Sif t)xxlt)- 
tixMt) "OO 'oul leif An V^^A'o\\A \Y\Aol, A^uy X)a tneAnmnAt mof- 270 
lucjiifeAC An ITlA'OfA ITIaoI -oe fin. 

p^gAiT) lomCortiAifc bexitA A^tif fl^iince -A5 -An fig -Ajuf 
-A5 An zeA^lA6 uile, Agtif -oo lex\nfxX'o An lofg 6 n-ionAT) fin 
50 hoifexif x.\n Cu^Mn , ^gtif "oo 6uif An f 1 giollA gf Aki!),A(!: "o'-a 
rhmnncif T)' folUMnnugAX) luinge CA.\f -a gee-Ann, .AgtJf "00 Cuif 275 
Cfi cionn(iAife linnge innce, exx"06n bMt) 1 n-ion^T) x\ 6xMtrhe, 
A^uy Of 1 n-ionxXT) a pf onncA, -Agtif Afm 1 n-ionxXT) a "bibexXftA ; 
xxguf fo 6l^A^t) innce iAfx.\rh, ^gtif fo tog^ib Sif tDxilbu-Ait) nA 
bfei"De fUAitnijte f1ublx^cx^ folxxf-rti 6fx\ ffxiCnuijte, -Aguf 
•DO leig x\n 5A0C nA fitje glOf aCx.\ 5fOT)-Ciince.A6A 1 sciunifxMb 280 
An Cfeoil, A^uy DO finne lomfxMti uf-xM^obeil bfiogm-Af nex\fc- 
m<x-\\ neiiti-rheifbte. guf eifij An long "oo pt^X) 6 Cux\n A^guf 6 
'n sc^vlA-opofC AiTiAC ZA\\ "Of l11rn-(ilx^t)xMb nA mCf-rriAkf-A 
■oilexMincA; lonn-Af gtif eifig -An f-Aiffge 'n-A lieoC-Aif goifm- 
leic A^uy 'n-A cL-Af s-Af b glAf jf-Aine-ArhAil -Agiif 'n--A bfti-A- 285 
C-Aib TjioCoifcte 'DiCeillit)e, A^uy 'n-A culCAnn-Aib cinne-Af- 
nACA cfe-An-glof-AC-A 5fO'o-6-Aince-ACA, lonn-Af 50 gcluinf Aixbe 
fO nA CfioCxMb f-A coirhnexif-A -ooib fog-Af n-A mA^A m6f- 
Ai-6beile, Aguf iifg-Aife -An eigne, A^uy g^fb-CongAif n,A 
libleix)-iriiol inOifix)e. 290 


the king and his people. Then they break their fast so 
that they were happy and in good spirits with one another 
that night, and Sir Galahad tells all of them how the Crop- 
eared Dog met him at first, after he had gone to seek 
water for the king. 

They arise early in the morning on the morrow, and 
the Crop-eared Dog and Sir Galahad take leave of the 
king and of his whole host in general ; and the host of the 
king was dissuading Sir Galahad from that journey, and he 
did not accept that from them ; and sad and sorrowful was 
the whole household after Sir Galahad's going with the 
Crop-eared Dog, and high-spirited and very joyful was the 
Crop-eared Dog thereat. 

They leave a farewell of life and health with the king 
and the whole household, and followed the track from that 
place to the coast of the harbour ; and the king sent a beloved 
servant of his people to prepare a ship for them, and he put 
three requisites of a ship in it — namely, food for eating, 
and gold for bestowing, and arms for expelling ; and they went 
into it after that, and Sir Galahad raised the variegated, 
going, great-brilliant, extended sails, and the wind let the 
noisy, swift-abusive blasts in the borders of the sail, and 
they made a powerful, vigorous, strong, unremitting rowing, 
till the ship rose with the blasts from harbour and the 
haven out over the ridge-fences of the flood-like ocean ; so 
that the sea rose in its blue-grey border and its rough, 
green, hideous surface and in its unhindered mad brinks^ 
and in its powerful, strong-noisy, swift-abusive waves, so that 
the noise of the immense sea, and the tumult of the 
violence, and the rough clamour of the sea-monsters would 
be heard through the territories nearest to them. 

2o gaCcha An rhA'ouA niAoH 


Do ti)i'6eAT)<\t\ AMriUM"6 fin 50 ceAnn CU15 IS *\5Uf CU15 
oit)Ce ; <^5t1^ 1 ^cionn nA \\e A^511^ t^x^ tixMmfi|Ae fin fo eipi^ 
Sif t)x^lt)tlA1t) 1 5Cf Ann6i5 a luinge Aguf feAciAf nA ceitfe 
liAifoe imill-leAtnA 'n-A cim6eAlt, ^E^V "oo 6onnAfc 
fOfCA"6 fio|\-AlAinn oileAin A^uf CAOb CAicneAitiAC cife ; Ajuf 5 
"oo innif fe fin i)0 'n ttlADfA TtlAol. 

" Seol-f ^\ An long X)' ionnfut"6e An oileAin fin," Af An 

mA*of A rriAoi. 

T)o finne Sif l^AlbuAiT!) AtrilAn:) fin, n6 50 "octis leAtAt) a 
CAoiGe "DO 'n C|\Ai5 51I SAinrhig T)o 'n Itiing, lonnAf r\A6 10 
bpeA'OfA'o CfiAC no CfeAn-mileAt) a CAffAing, no muif a 
mu6At),n6 AnfAt) [a] hinjfeim ; Aguf lAf foccAin 6iitn nA cijAe 
■661b, "oo 5AbA*DAf A5 fitit)At An OileAin, Aguf fA tiAlAinn e fe 
tiAitiAfc ; 6if "OO t)' lonroA CfAnn Aoibinn pneAirinA, Aguf 
ffocA fUAf-glAnA fiofuifce, Aguf coftA Aibitbe ion6Aitme 15 
Ann ; Aguf CAflA "ounAt) f ios'OA |\6-rhAifeA6, Aguf pAlAf 
^lAinn longAncAt, Aguf lOfCA flAtA fofCAilce CAf a gceAnn ; 
Aguf 051*0 Ann lAfAtti, Aguf fUAfA*OAf ceince Agtif ceAn- 
•oaIa Ann, Aguf buifo aIIzaCa ofOA a|a n-A t!)folA6 'o'ei'oeAt)- 
Aib liojA lAn-triAifeACA Aguf 'oo fCAfCi'oeACAil) fciAnrbA 20 
fCAit glAine. Aguf ni t)fUAf AT)Af neA6 beo no niAft) Ann, 
a6c Aon feAnoif T)6 bi lAf T)Cfei5in a lut Aguf a IaitiaCca, 
Aguf -DO t)i 'n-A fi-oife 5Aif ce foirtie fin. -O^guf beAnnuig- 
eAf Sif l)Alt)UAi"o t)6, Aguf fACCAf fCCAlA "oe, CAf 1)1 fein, 
n6 CAf t)' Ainm An oileAin fin i 'ocAflA'OAf , no '' cia An T)un 25 
fo 1 n-A 'ocAflA finn, no cia fCiiifAf flAiceAf nA cfi6e-fe 
fein ? " 

"PfCAgfAf An feAnoif "66 Aguf if e fO fAi"6 — 
" If cof rhAil 5Uf At) 1 n-uAiiri CAltriAn, n6 1 gcuAf Ait) 
CfAnn, n6 1 fceAlpAit) CAff A15 -oo tioileAt) cufA, An CAn 30 
nAC t)fuil fceAlA An oilCAin-fe a^ac." 



They were thus to the end of five days and five nights ; 
and at the end of that time and season Sir Galahad went up 
the mast of his ship, and he views the four wide-bordered 
quarters all around. And he saw the very beautiful shadow of 
an island and a pleasant side of land ; and he told that to the 
Crop-eared Dog. 

" Steer the ship to that island," said the Crop-eared Dog. 

Sir Galahad did so, till he gave the breadth of the side of 
the ship to the white, sandy shore, so that no chieftain or 
mighty warrior could draw her out, or sea drown her, or storm 
seize her ; and after they reached the land, they commenced 
to walk the island, and it was beautiful to see ; for there were 
many pleasant trees of the vine, and cold-clear streams 
of pure water, and ripe, edible fruits ; and a royal, very 
lovely dwelling, and a beautiful; wonderful palace, and a 
princely habitation, opened, rose up before them ; and they 
come there afterwards, and found fires and brands, and 
excellent (?) golden tables covered with precious, full-beautiful 
raiment and with lovely tablecloths of pure flax. And they 
found not a person there alive or dead, but one old man, who had 
left his swiftness and his dexterity, and he had been a knight 
of valour before that ; and Sir Galahad greets him, and demands 
news of him, who he was himself, or what was the name of 
the island to which they had come, or "what is this fort 
into which we have come, or who directs the princedom of 
this land itself? " 

The old man answers him, and thus he said ; — 

" It seems as though in a cave of the earth or in hollows 
of trees or in clefts of rocks thou wast reared, seeing that 
thou knowest naught of this island." 

22 eACdiA At! rhA-onA itiAoH 

^A\\ n-A CLof fin -do S^\y XyAlXyuAyX), x)o g^t) pe^ps StttyAl- 
m6\\ 6. ^Stif c;u5 fi*6e fxinncxj6 fO-lArhA6 -aja ^n CfeAtiCif, 
^5Uf 'DO jMnne cimeA6 cfeApxMlce cpuxx-oCuibfAigte "oe, .ASUf 
noCcAf A Cl^i-Oe^rh T)' x\ "OiCexMinxiT:). Annpn x^'Dut)xMfC -An 35 
fe.AriOi|\ n-A biMAup^ fo pof — 

" Se.An -Aguf conAt i -o' Ceime-AnnxMt* A^uy i T)' gniorri- 

^flt^lt), A $-A1fC1$ -AgUf A fll-Dipe 615 U^fxMl ! AgUf tlA 

xn'Ce-Afinuis •ouine ^nbp^nn e-AgCiAu^it) tn^p 'cAim-fe, Aguf 
DA fcexilA |\o pixxffitiijif -oiom inneof^X) -otiic iat). An c-oil- 40 
e^n fo f o fi-Affuijif T)ioni, if e [-a] Amm, ay) cOile-An 'Oof Cx^ ; 
x.\5Uf An t)un fo fMffuijif -oiom, -An 'Oun "OxMngexxn a Ainm ; 
-A5«r 5r"^5^<^ ^^ Oilexiin T)o|i6xi if cfiAt xijuf C15ex^fnA -60, 
-Ajuf fi-Dif e X)'^ rhumnafi tnife," a\\ fe. 

'^nnfin fMfjAui^e-Af Sija t>Alt)u,Ait) yceAlA Ui-oife An t(36- *5 
f\Ainn "oe. 

" til m6f\ An f eit)m aca AgAC-f a a\\ fin ["o'] fiAffuije/' Af 
An feAnoif, " oif if gAifit) f6rhAit) o 'oo f A5 fe fO, Aguf 
f AOilim-fe gufAb A5 ceiteAt) f\6rhAit)-fe aca f6." 

" poillf 15 Cf e f ifinne ca n"DeACAit) f 6, n6 f ui$eA'0-f a '^^ 
fo jtnn 5Ae Aguf clAi-6irh tu," Af Sif t)Alt)UAit). 

•*T1i mof An fei-Otn aca a^ac fin [t)'] innpn 'ouic," A|\ -An 
:feAn6if , " 6if ni bftnl "o' feAf Ait) An 'oorhAin -ouine if Uon- 
ttiAife curhACcA 'n-A e ,; Agiif An llAirh "OofCA if Ainm 'oo *n -aic 
1 nTDeA^AitJ fe, Agtif aca uo|\ 1 Leit-imeAU nA Cfi6e-fe •OAfAb ^6 
Ainin Uof nA nVlArhA "Oo^aCa ; Aguf ac-a uAitii "bAingeAn •00- 
eolAif 1 scorhfoguf "oo 'n cof fin, Aguf An CAn "oo ti^ 'Ri'oife 
An ICtfAinn "Oo 'n Cf 106 fin if Ann "oo Cottinuit)eAf ; Aguf aca 
tfA tbof Af uif fte, eA-bon -odf Af Ag ceACc Cum nA Cf iCe fin, 
Aguf -oofAf eile -00 tAOib nA niAf a, Aguf aca lon^ uptArh Ag fiO 
(iionn imteACCA •oo6um nA iriAfA, -oo leit -oofAif nA tiuAriiA. 
Aguf An CAn "oo 61 fe Aon -ouine Cuige o cif , ceit) 'f An luing 
1 n-im-biTDeAn nA mAf a, Ajuf ni "OeAnAnn fe corTinui"6e n6 50 
'ocei-0 fe 50 nOile-dn nA mt)An gCioC-loifcte. Aguf if 6 


When Sir Galahad heard that, great wrath seized him, 
and he swooped eagerly and dexterously towards the old 
man, and made a fettered, tightly-bound prisoner of him, 
and he bares his sword to behead him. Then the old man 
said these words : — 

" Luck and prosperity in thy steps and thy deeds, O hero 
and young noble knight ! Do not behead a weak, soft man 
such as I am, and the news thou hast asked of me I will tell 
thee. This island of which thou hast asked of me, its name is 
the Dark Island : and the fort of which thou hast asked of me, 
the Strong Fort is its name ; and the Champion of the Dark 
Island is the prince and lord of it, and I am a knight of his 
people," said he. 

Then Sir Galahad asked him for news of the Knight of the 

" Thou hast no great need to ask that," said the old man, 
** for it is a short while before ye he left this, and I think it is 
fleeing before ye he is." 

" Shew in truth where he went, or I will leave thee 
wounded by dart and sword," said Sir Galahad. 

" Thou hast no great need to be told that," said the old 
man, " for of the men of the world there is not one fuller of 
power than he ; and the Dark Cave is the name of the place 
into which he is gone, and there is a tower in one side of this 
land whose name is the Tower of the Dark Cave ; and there is 
a strong cave, hard to know, near that tower, and when the 
Knight of the Lantern comes to that land it is there he stays ; 
and it has two doors, one door leading to that land, and 
another door beside the sea, and there is a ship ready for 
voyaging to the sea, beside the door of the cave. And when 
he sees anyone approaching him from land, he comes in the 
ship in the protection of the sea, and makes no stay till he 
comes to the Island of Amazon Women. And that island is 

24 eACuRA All nu\"unA tilAOll 

An c-oile^n fin oile^^n if mo Ait)riiille-At) T)|^AOlt)ex^(icA ^S^f ^^ 
'oiAt)l-Ait)e-A(iCA\ '^'AiA T)orhAn ; oip if *\nn aza A.t)lA6 in^e^n 
pe^fgtif A Ipmn, fiog rtA Scitu\ ; A.\5Uf if i fin be^n if m6 
xM"6rhilleA'6 'Of^oi'bexiCcA 'f*^^ T)orh-An mof uile, xxguf if hAn- 
6a\\a '0]\Ao^^6eACzA "oo Ri-oife An to6f .vinn i. Aguf ni feA*o- 
f A'D^^oif fif xxn X)eAtA "oiojtD^il X)o -oeAnArh "oo, An ^eAt> "oo 70 
riiAiffeA^f nA feoit) ac^ aj At)lA<i X)'a jcoirheAT) t)o ; eAt)6n 
cupA fioj nA nioff iu\it)e, tug "Oeilft-jfeine, e<.\"66n inge^n An 
fioj, mAf feoT) fuifje "60, An CAn 130 bi fe a|\ cviilleA'6 Aguf 

A]\ CUAf Af CAl A5 A llACAIf (AgUf If 1A"0 A t)UA*6A ; An ZAn X)0 

t)iof Aije no A5 'otiine eile coirheA-OAf •66 e, ni f ACAit) 75 
Cf AocAt) A|\ A neAf c) ; Aguf fiteAl fiog Pf Ainnce, ctig fe leif 
lAf triAftJAt) An fioj fein (Aguf if iat) a t!)UAX)A ; gAC neA6 
folCAf e fein Aifce 5A6 bliA'6Ain, ni luijeAnn Aoif Af\fAi"6- 
eACCA no tif cf A f Aif) ; Agiif f Ainne fiog nA tihToiA, eA'OCn a 
AUAf pein, Agiif ACA I1A5 lAnrhAifeA6 lojriiAf 1 -gcionn An 80 
f Ainne fin (Agtif if iat) a t!)UA"DA ; An c-Aon feACAf Aif, "OA 
inbA"6 cneAX)AC CfeACCAt e, beix) fleAiriAin flAn-tfCACcAC fA 
"oeoit) e). Aguf An CAn f AgbAf a beAlAC An bAile, f AgbAf nA 
feoiT) fin *o'a gcoirneAT) Ag bAinfiojAn nA nit)An gCiot- 
loifcte. Aguf ni "ooig liotn 50 bfuil Af •6|\uitn CAltriAn fi*oife 85 
n6 5Aif ceAt)A6 aca lonCorhf aic ffif, a|\ riieix) a "Of AoiDeAtCA 
Aguf Af fBAbAf eAgnA Agiif UAifle, A5;iif te mei*o a nifC 
Ajuf A -OoCAif Af fein. Aguf A5 fin -ouic mo fceAlA fein," 
Af An feAnoif, " Af 5A6 nit) Af fiAffingif "Oiom." 

ScAoileAf Sif bAlbuAiii) "oo 'n cfeAnoif lAf fin, Aguf fuit) 90 
fein Aguf An lTlA"Df a TTIaoI, Aguf "oo CAit fiAT) A leof66itin 
bit) "OO biA"OAib fAOfA fotAicrhe, Agtif t)0 "CeoCAib mine mif- 
ceAfhlA JAfgA gAbALcA ; Aguf "DO CuAit) f IAT) Af fin Cum ftiAin 
Agtif fiofCo'DlACA. Aguf fo eifij fiAT) 1 moC nA mAi"one Af 
n-A mbAf aC, Aguf *d' lAff Sif t3AlbtiAit) Af All (Cf eAn6if eolAf 95 
•oo 'oeAnAm ■661b X)' lonnf uit)e nA nilAitiA "Oof Ca ; Aguf "00 
^lUvMf eA"OAf X)' lonnf tiit)e nA VillAmA T)of Ca Aguf fuAf A-OAf 1. 


the greatest island for the destructiveness of druidry and 
devilry in the world ; for there is Abhlach, daughter of Fergus 
the White, King of Scythia, and she is the woman greatest in 
the destructiveness of druidry in the whole great world, and 
she is a druidic female friend to the Knight of the Lantern. 
And all the men of the world cannot inflict injury on him so 
long as the treasures exist which Abhlach has to guard them 
for him — namely, the cup of the King of lorruaidh, which 
Deilbhghreine, daughter of the king, gave as a wooing gift 
to him, when he was under hire and wages to her father (and 
these are its virtues ; when he has it, or anyone else who 
keeps it for him, has it, no abatement will come over his 
strength) ; and the bowl of the King of France, which he took 
with him after killing the king himself (and these are its 
virtues ; every one who washes himself out of it every year, 
old age or want lies not on him) ; and the ring of the King of 
India, that is, of his own father, and there is a lovely, precious 
jewel in the head of that ring (and these are its virtues ; one 
who looks on it, if he be wounded and sore, will be sound and 
healed of his wound at last). And when his road leaves the 
steading, he leaves those jewels to keep them with the queen 
of the Amazons. And I do not think that there is on the 
back of the world a knight or champion fit to fight with him, 
for the greatness of his druidry and the excellence of his 
wisdom and nobility, and the greatness of his strength and his 
self-confidence. And there thou hast my news." said the old 
man, " of everything whereof thou hast asked of me." 

Sir Galahad loosens the old man after that, and he and 
the Crop-eared Dog sat and ate their fill of food of 
precious, easily-eaten meats and of smooth, intoxicating, 
pungent, fermented drinks ; and they went after that to 
sleep and long slumber. And they arose early in the morning 
on the m.orrow, and Sir Galahad asked the old man to give 
them knowledge how to go to the place of the Dark Cave ; 
and they proceeded to the Dark Cave, and found it. 

26 eACCRA All rtlA'OnA ttlAOlt 

If xAfinfin ^"outDAifC An TD.A'Of A TDaoI le Sifv t)Alt)UxM"6 — 

" puijAij; 'f<\n 'oofvxif if ne^\fx^ T)o 'n cif , AStif congxMt) ah 
flAt)t\A fo 0|Ain-f-A 1 T)' lAirh, Agiif cf At 50 -oAingeAti 6 ; Aguf j^^ 
i;^^^!) inife "o' lonnfui'oe tia tuinge Aguf bei'oeA'o 1 t^polAt 
innce. Aguf niAfi tlumpeAf Ui"oife An ICCjiAinn puAim An 
cf lAbjAA AgAC-f A, f Aoitpi"o f 6 5tif\ mif 6 T)0 ti)eit)eAf Ann ; 
A^uf -oo t>eA|\Ait) fe A^Ait) A|\ An luing, Aguf •oeAnpA'o-fA 
corhf\AC VfMf. Aguf miinA t:)fA$Am niAfi pn e, if "0615 50 105 
iDftn^if Af Aon cof e." 

*'1f niAit An 6orhAifle fin," Ap Sif X)AVb\^Am, "-Asuf if 
coif A T)eAnArh." 

Annfin X)o lei 5 An TTlA'DfA fllAOl Af fnAiri nA fAiffge 
Agiif nA tnof-triAfA e, t)' ionnftiit)e nA Imnge ; Aguf c^it) 110 
1 t)folAC fo cifcit)it^ innce. CfAtAf Sif t)Alt:)UAi'6 An 
flAbfA lAf fin ; Aguf An UAn "Oo 6uaIa Ui-oife ax\ tOC- 
fAinn fiiAini An cflAtifA A5 a CfACAt), ctig eifje AtlArh 
•o' lonnfui-Oe nA Luinge. 

lotticiifA At3LAi5 injine jpeAfgufA finn, X)o foiLlfigexxt) 115 
■Di Cfe t)fAOit)eACc UiTDife An toCf Ainn do t)eit 'f An ^i^eAn 
fin. 'Oo Cuif bfAC uAitne tnmpe, Aguf tug foil6ini ^|\T) 
uAtbAf aC uiffe *o' ionnfuit)e An coif ; Agiif lA-bAf a -da LAirh 
f6 Tli-oife An toCfAinn, Aguf Aicfif ceAlg Sif tDAlbuAit) 

AgtJf An tilA-Of A ttlAOll t)© ; Agtlf A-DUt)A1fC nAC fAlt) conAif 120 

eolAC Ai^e aCc 1 gcionn a t)io'6t)A Aguf a eAfCAfAt), eA'66n 

An ttlA-OfA ttlAOll "DO t)1 'f-^TI lUing, AJUf Sif t)Alt)l1Alt) -DO t)i 

[1] n-DOf Af V[^\ nuAtriJv ; " Aguf 5;it)e "oioti) fin guf a fACAif, ni 

tloCf Alf flAn UAIt)." 

T)' CuaIa l^iDife An iOCfAinn fin, T)o tiimeAgluiJeAt) 125 
111 me 50 tn6f. 

" Ha t)io'6 eAjlA n6 UAfhAn of c," Af At)lAC, " Cif "00 tug 
mife cuffAt 50 nDeilt) n-^A^fAiiiAil "OfAOi-beACcA liotn a\< 
AtriAf nA liuAiriA, Aj;nf fA^Am a\^ Aon Ann gAn fiof T)Oit)- 
fior.' 130 


Then said the Crop-eared Dog to Sir Galahad : — 

" Wait in the door next to the land, and keep this chain 
that is on me in thy hand, and shake it stoutly ; and I shall 
go to the ship and be hidden in it. And when the 
Knight of the Lantern will be hearing the noise of the chain 
thou hast, he will think that it is I who am there ; and he 
will make for the ship and I shall fight with him. And if 
we do not get him thus, there is a hope that thou shalt 
get him in any case." 

" Good is that counsel," said Sir Galahad, " and it is right 
to follow it." 

Then the Crop-eared Dog let himself to the ship, swimming 
the sea and the ocean, and goes into hiding under chests in it. 
Sir Galahad shakes the chain after that, and when the Knight 
of the Lantern heard the noise of the chain shaking, he made 
a sudden start towards the ship. 

As for Abhlach daughter, of Fergus the White, it was 
revealed to her through druidry that the Knight of the 
Lantern was in that strait. She put a green mantle around 
her, and gave a high, dreadful, light leap to the tower ; and 
she joins her two hands round the Knight of the Lantern, and 
told him the trick of Sir Galahad and the Crop-eared Dog ; 
and she said that there was not a way known to him but 
against his foes and his enemies, namely the Crop-eared 
Dog who was in the ship, and Sir Galahad who was in the 
door of the cave. " And whichever of them thou goest to, 
thou wilt not come sound from him." 

When the Knight of the Lantern heard that he was 
greatly terrified thereat. 

" Be not affrighted or alarmed," said Abhlach, "for I have 
brought a canoe with various druidic shape with me to the 
cave, and we will go together in it without their knowledge." 

28 e AC en A An rhAT)UA niAoil 

Antifin gluAif Ui'Di|\e -An l6(i|\Ainn ^guf At!)U\6 x)' lonn- 
f«ix)e An (iii|\|\-Ai5 le "opAOi-beAtc Ati)l<M^, s-ah motujAt) "oo 'n 
itlAT!)]!^ Ttl-AOl. IfS cuAn leif A^^ THa'diaa III-aoI X)0 X)\ UiTJijie 
-An t66f\Ainn g^n ce-ACc 611150 ; ^'suy 'oeA]\CA\* f e-A^A "oe, ^5U|* 
6onnAfC -An ctitifAvAC pe-AX) -a |\^\t)Ai|AC iu\i"6 'f-An t)p^i|A|A5e, Aguf 185 
-Aicnije^xf gujAAt) e Hi'Di|Ae An to^iA^inn "oo t)i Ann. 

Aguf p-A 1iimfn'orhA6 "oe fin e, Aguf t-Ainig Cum n.A 
tituAiriA m-Afv A |\Ait) Sif\ t)Alt)UAi'6, Aguf T)' innif -oO Tli"oi|\e 
An tocfAAinn "o' imteACc uai'O. 

" Asuf A Sip t)Alt)UAit)," Ap pe, " nA biot) cuipfe of\c-f a UO 
cpiT) fUT) : 6i|A -oo t^eipim-fe mo t)|\iACA|A pop, 50 fippit) m6 
An "oomAn m<3p utte no 50 tjpuigeAm e, Agup 50 n-oio^Al- 
pAm Ap mAflA pAip." 


Aguf A"oiit)Aipc 1\iT)i|\e An l,66pAinn le AblA6 gAn comnuit)e 
•00 -oeAnArh no 50 mbei-oif 1 nOileAn nA mt)An ^CioC- 

Annpn "oo 6uip An tTlA'opA tTlAol Agup Sip ^AlbuAit) An 
long A\\ triiiip A^up Ap mop-pAippge Ap lopg Hi-oipe An 5 
loCpAinn Ajup At)lAi$ ; Agup ni fjeApriA'OAp comnuit)e 50 
|\,An5AT)Ap Oile.An ua mt)An gCioC-loipcce. Agup "oo poiU- 
pijeAt) pin cpe t)pAoit)eA6c T)' At)lA6 ; Agup x)' p-Ag [pi] pein 
Agup tliDipe An l.66pAinn An cOile-An cpe •6pA0it)eA<ic. Agup 

■60 CUAlt) Sip t)Alt)UA1-0 AgUp An mA"OpA TTIaoI Ag piUt)Al An ^^ 

oileAin, no 50 "oc-ApLA An bAncjAACc optA ; A^up mAp 'oo 
ConnApc nA mnA Agup piA"0 pein a gceile, "oo peApAt) cotti- 
pAC z\\eAn cinneApnA6 "oiAn 'OapaCca6 niA-6cA nAirrToeArhAiL 
meAp miCeilliT:)e eACoptA. A^up ■oob i cpioC An CompAic, gup 
(iuip An TTlA'opA TTlAOl a'^u]' Sip bAlbuAix) An corhpAC Ap 15 
nA mnAib pA t>eo\t), A^i-i^" ^up tuiceADAp leo uile aCc An 
tJAinpiojAn AtriAin. Aj;up -oo (iompAicigpi pein Agup An TTlA'opA 


Then the Knight of the Lantern and Abhlach went to the 
canoe, by the druidry of Abhlach, without the Crop-eared 
Dog perceiving it. The Crop-eared Dog thought the Knight 
of the Lantern was a long time without coming to him ; and 
he looks beyond him, and saw the canoe the length of his 
sight from him on the sea, and perceives it to be the Knight 
of the Lantern that was in it. 

And he was distressed thereat, and came to the cave where 
was Sir Galahad, and told him the Knight of the Lantern was 
gone from him. 

" And O Sir Galahad," said he, " be not troubled thereby, 
for I give my true word that I will search the whole great 
world, till we find him and avenge our despite upon him." 


And the Knight of the Lantern said to Abhlach not to 
delay till they should be in the island of the Amazons. 

Then the Crop-eared Dog and Sir Galahad put the 
ship on the sea and on the ocean in the track of the 
Knight of the Lantern and of Abhlach ; and they made no 
delay till they reached the Island of the Amazons. And that 
was revealed by druidry to Abhlach ; and she herself and the 
Knight of the Lantern left the island by 'druidry. And Sir 
Galahad and the Crop-eared Dog went walking the island till 
the women met them ; and when the women and they them- 
selves saw one another, a strong, violent, long, raging, valiant, 
hostile, active, mad combat was fought between them. And 
the end of the combat was that the Crop-eared Dog and Sir 
Galahad won the fight on the women at last, and that they all 
fell before them save only the queen. And she herself and 

30 eAcuu^ An nux'oiiA rhAoit 

1 t)|:oi|\6ionn *^n Cotri|\»MC. Annfin glu^ife-A'O^p Cum -An 
•6tin,Ai-o. ^suf "DO f:u*.\|\AT)A|A feoiT) l^i'Difie -ati tdCp-Ainn, (e^TOCn 20 
cup^ |\i05 nx\ ri1of|\tiAi'6e ^guf pte,<\l ^105 riA Pf*Mnnce .Aguf 
|?^inne iM'05 tiA tiltroux) x^5Uf ttl5x^'Dx^|\ leo mt) uile, mAille f\6 
f\05^\ feoT) An -ounAMX) ; .Aguf X)' fr^sA-Ox^fi ^n -oun 'n-A "^oigif 
■6onnt\ux^•o "DeAiAjlAfi^AC, -Agiif AT)ut!)xMf\c x^n Tn-At)p>A TDaoI guf 
f CA|\ mojuxn "o' *.\ t)|UA0i'6eACc f\e UiTyit^e x^n loCfi^nn, 6 T)o f ca|\ 26 
nA feoiT) fin fif. 


1x^|A fin lonnf 111*61*0 -An lon^ ; ^gtif -oo bi'Oe-A'OAf Cf i t^ 
xNguf ceof A lioi'66e f ^if f,Aile xNguf xif rhuif . Aguf 1 gcionn 
nA fe A^iif nA.\ ti-Aimfife fin, "oo ei|\i§ Sif t)Alt)UAit) 1 ^Cf ^nn- 
615 A luinge, xigiif x)ex^fC-Af n^ ceit|\e li^i|\'oe 'n-^ c1mCex^ll. 
-Aguf "DO connAfC zaoX) c-AitneArh<\6 cif\e ^guf fOfc^t) fiof- 5 
-AlAinn oile^in uAijA, xxguf fo innif fin do 'n ltl-AT)f\4 itl-Aol. 

"Seol-fA An long "o' ionnfui"6e -An oite-din fin," a\k -An 
tTlA-OfA tri-AoU 

*Oo ftnne Sif t)Alt)u-Ait) AitiL-Ait), 50 •ocii5<A'd-A|\ leAtAX) a 
CAOibe "GO 'n Cf-Ai5 51I gAinrhig 'oo 'n luing. 1f -Annpn t^o 10 

flAff UI5 Sif t3-Alt3UAlt) -DO 'n itlA'Of A th-AOl, " Cl-A -An CflOC 

fin f 

" Cfio6 nA beiginf e -An CfioC-f-A," -Af An ITlA'Df a ID-aoI, 
"-Aguf Ki nx.\ Deiginfe if CfiAt Aguf if cige-Afn-A fuifiti, -Agtif 
If clK\rh-Ain "OO KiDife au l.6Cf-Ainn e, -Agiif if "oOij tiom-f-A 15 
guf-Ab An-fo6Aif AZA fe -Anoif. Aguf imtij-p t^orh-Am-f-A 
cum -An T)un-Ait) ; -Aguf innif guf-Ab f eAf\ "OAnA t-Ainig le x>An C6, 
-Aguf beif -An f eAX)-An glAn'-Aifsit) f o Ag-Am-f-A leAC (if cuifle 
61U1I "Com f6in) ; Aguf "O-a bf eiCfe.A-fA Ki-oife An lOCfAinn 
If ceAt, f einn An f CAD-An Aguf f f eAjAf f AX)-f a 50 •oeAg-tApAit) ^0 
tii. Aguf fuifeoCAD-fA Amuij, Aguf bfAC "OfAoi-OeACcA 1 
m" timCeAll, 1 gcfut nAC bfeicfCAt) Aon neA6 me." 



the Crop-eared Dog fought together, and the queen falls before 
the Crop-eared Dog at the end of the combat. Then they 
went to the fort and found the treasures of the Knight of the 
Lantern (namely, the cup of the King of lorruaidh and the 
bowl of the King of France and the ring of the King of India), 
and they brought them all with them, together with a choice 
of the treasures of the fort ; and they left the fort in red-brown, 
ruddy-blazing flames, and the Crop-eared Dog said that much 
of his druidry was taken from the Knight of the Lantern since 
those treasures were taken from him. 


After that they come to the ship ; and they were three 
days and three nights on the brine and the sea. And at the 
end of that season and time, Sir Galahad climbed up the mast 
of his ship, and he views the four quarters around him. And 
he saw a pleasant land-side and the very beautiful shadow of 
an island away from them ; and he toldXhat to the Crop- 
eared Dog. 

" Steer the ship to that island," said the Crop-eared Dog. 

Sir Galahad did so, so that they gave the breadth of the 
ship's side to the white sandy shore. Then Sir Galahad 
asked of the Crop-eared Dog, " What is that land ? " 

" This is the land of Little-isle " said the Crop-eared Dog, 
" and the King of Little-isle is lord and ruler over it, and 
the Knight of the Lantern is his son-in-law, and I am sure 
that he is very near now. And go thou before me to the 
dwelling ; and tell that thou art a poet who hast come with a 
poem, and take this whistle of fine silver which I have, with 
thee (it is my own pipe of music); and if thou shouldst 
see the Knight of the Lantern inside, blow the whistle and I 
will answer thee full speedily. And I will wait outside with a 
druidic robe about me, so that not a person shall see me." 

32 GvXCcKA An niA'oriA riiAoil 

''If triAic An comAi|Ale fin," a\\ S^^ t)Alt)UAi"6. 

AXguf DO jUuMf foirhe guf An *ounx\"6 x^5Uf b^Mne^f t)6im 
l)Af CfUAinn 'f-^'"" "oojAxXf. "Oo mnif j;u|i fe^f T)AnA e Cxiinig le 25 
X)An Cutn An f 105, Agtif •00 leigeAt) if ce^C e ; A^uy "oo puA\\\ 
tliDife An toCf Ainn ifceA6 foitrie, ^guf 1 n-Ainifi|A a DAnA "oo 
jAtDAil feinn fe An feADAn. DeAfCAf UiDife An "LdCfAinn 
fAif, AgLif AicmgeAf 5Uf At) e peADAn An ttlA-of a ttlAoil "oo X)'\ 
Ann. Aguf eifgeAf 1 n-A feAfAtti x)' fAjAil nA ti)f uit)ne. Aguf so 
ni mOf 50 ]\Aini5 leif a f ajaiI An CAn "oo tAinig An tTlA'Of a 
IDaoI ifceA6, ^guf buAileAf fA 'n ceAglAC Aguf 5Ati)Af A5 a 
n-oijAleAC Agtif A5 a n-Ac6umAt) lonnAf nA6Af fAg feAfi jie 
Ceile 'oiot) no 50 *0CAflA An fi p^in fif A^uf •00 Corh|AAici§ 
f e fein -A^tif An fi fe ceile ; x^5tlf bA lie CfioC An (iotrilAinn, 36 
An fi *oo tuicim fif An tTlA'OfA tTlAOl. 

lAf tnAft)At) An fio5 Aguf A rhuinncife AtrilAit) fin, *oo 

lAbAlf An TTlA-DfA ttlAOl fe Sif "bAlbUAlt) AgUf if e ADUbAlfC : 

"1f 1 cottiAifle If in-oeAncA tbuinn Anoif, fAnArfiAin Annfo 50 
ceAnn nAOi T)Cf At, Aguf f Aoilpit) Ui-oif e An t66f Ainn guf 40 
gluAifeAmAf Af, 6 nA6 t)fuil feAf innifce fceil beo T)'a 
•^feAm ; Aguf f ilLfit) fe cum An 'ouin-fe Afif, x)' fAjAiL 
fceAlA An fioj ^^5Uf a rhuinncife : Aguf X)o jeAbAm le n-A 
itiAfbAt) mAf fin e." 

"1f iriAic An cottiAifle fin le •o^AnAtti," aii\ Sif "bAlbuAn!), 45 
" Aj^uf if coif A 'oeAnArh." 

puifigiT) lAf fin 50 ceAnn nAOi "ocfAt, Aguf 'fAn cf-dt 
'oeit)eAnA6 tAinig "RiDife An toCfAinn do 'n oileAn, Aguf 
f CACAf Cfe fuinneojAift An "ouin. -Aguf do 6onnAfC ha coln^ 
uifeAfbACA Aguf nA cofpA CfOiDeAfgA Af uflAf nA bfuit)ne, 50 
Aguf Sif t)Alt)UAiD <^5Uf An TTlADfA IDaoI 1 n-A t)fiAt)nAife. 
t)iot)5Af TliDife An tCCfAinn 50 riA-bbAl-rhOf, Aguf leigeAf 
1 neAllAib nirhe Aguf 1 bpficib nA fiofmAimeince e, lonnAf 
nACAf fiof Doit) CA tiAifD DO Ceitfe tiAifDit) An DorhAin 
1 n-Af gAt) fe UAtA. 55 


"Good is that counsel," said Sir Galahad. 

And he went straight forward to the dwelling and strikes a 
blow of the knocker on the door. He said that he was a poet 
come with a poem to the king, and was let inside ; and he 
found the Knight of the Lantern inside before him, and in 
the time of producing his poem he blew the whistle. The 
Knight of the Lantern looks at it, and recognises that it is 
the whistle of the Croo-eared Dog that was there. And he 
rises up to leave the palace. And scarcely did he manage to 
leave it when the Crop-eared Dog came inside, and smites 
the household, and takes to destroying and confounding them 
so that he did not leave a man with his fellow, till the king 
himself came on him, and he and the king fought one with 
the other ; and this was the end of the combat, that the king 
fell before the Crop-eared Dog. 

After killing the king and his people in that fashion, the 
Crop-eared Dog spoke to Sir Galahad, and thus he said : 
" This is the advice we must , follow now, to stay here to the 
ertd of nine days, and the Knight of the Lantern will think 
that we have gone away, since there is not a man to tell a tale 
alive of his people. And he will return to the fort again, to 
get news of the king and of his people ; and we shall get him 
to kill him in that manner." 

" Good is that advice to be followed," said Sir Galahad, 
" and it is right to do it." 

They wait after that to the end of nine days, and on the 
last day came the Knight of the Lantern to the island, and 
looks through the windows of the fort. And he saw the 
mutilated corpses, and the blood-red bodies, on the floor of 
the palace, and Sir Galahad and the Crop-eared Dog with 
them. The Knight of the Lantern gives a great start, and 
lets himself into the clouds of heaven and the expanse of the 
firmament, so that they did not know which quarter of 
the four quarters of the world he took in going from them. 


34 GACUIIA An ttlA-ORA rtlAOlt 

Uo eijMj An Vf\AX)]\A XY\aoI ^gtif Si|a t)Alt)iuM-6 u\f fin Aj^uif 
tAiis fix^t) fojx^ f eoT) An -DUtiAit) teo ; x^5l1f |\o pAS5xMt)pe<\'o ^n 
•oun 'n-A t>o^p\\ •^onnfiuAi'o •oe^AjAglAfpAig, ^suf x)' lonnf tng- 
e<^•OA|\x^n tong. 


Aguf ni rixMtjAifcex^p x.\ n-eAcc:|\xN n6 a n-imte^cc-A 50 ^Ar\- 
5x^T)x^|l 50 1ioi|\ceA|A nA liGi^ipce. 1f ^nrifin -po p^ppuij Si-p 
t)*^lbl1x^1'6 T)o 'ti 1ilx^t)11x^ ttlxAot, " C1x^ ti-i xmi C|\ioc fin ? '' 

" Ct\io6 r\A tiGigipce ^n 6|;ioc fin," x^ji x.\n TH^'Oiun ID^ol, 
" Agiif t^i TiA liGigipce If Cfu\c Aguf if cije^-jinA fuifti, x^5t1f 5 
If cliAitiAin "DO Ui'oife ^n toCfxMnn e ; A-^uy if compxNn^t 
c6riT5AMfceAt)xic •ooUi'oife An toCf^mn mAc fiog n^x tiCisipce 
(e^'Con 5t^ux\5x\6 nA lilnneifi'o) : -Agiif if 1 in5ex.\n f 105 UifC nA 
mt)eo 'DOfinne^ n-oile-dtti^in Agtif a n-A\]\'o-leA\'U^AX) a\\ Aon, 
A-^uy If e rr\AC Uiog nA ^feige fo ^Icf ^m iat).'' 10 

t)A hiongnxit) mof le Sij^ t)Alt)iu\i-o n^ f cexil^ fin 'o'f.v\5xMl 
A^ An ITJAX-ofA tTU\ol ; x^5Uf if e \\o fx\i"6 — 

" A CornpAn^ig ■<^5tlf a.\ cui-oe^Cc^ nA pAifce," Af fe, 
" v\c^\ini fein CMn-ctiiff e^c 6 t^\1fce*^l nu\|\ ^ •<^5^T tnoif-tife. 
*Oo b' A^l tiotn x\cCiiin5e 'o'f-^j'Ail iiaic, a]\ 5tu\*0 lieinij ^Stif 15 
-DO gxMfce, o tA|\U\ Cfeimf e ]:ax}a it)' f.v\ff ^t) ^guf 1 t)' C111T)- 
ex.\ccA me.'' 

" C^ liAtcumse fin ? " a|\ ^n ^lx^'0|\<^ ITIxxol. 

'' *Oo b' *\il tiom fC^^l-A Tj'fxAJAil tJ-Aic-fi, ci<\ cu fein, n6 

» 20 

CfeAt) "DO Cuif f*^n |mo6c fin tu, -Agtif uflAl)|u\ "OAonnxN 

A^AZ ? 

" Hi triAit Liom-f A nA liAttuin jit)e fin -o' lAff Ait) ofm," Af 
An TnA*ot\A TTIaoI. " 5it)eAt) inneof at) "ouic-fe e. HIac "Do 
^15 nA tiln'OiA mife, Agiif ALAfCf^vnn lonjAncAC m' Ainm ; 
Agiif injeAH fioj nA jCaoIaC mo tiiAtAif , Aguf tliArh llttAt)- 25 
CfotAC A tiAinm. Aguf "DO fug fi ceAtfAf mAc mAit eile 


The Crop-eared Dog and Sir Galahad arose after that, and 
they took their choice of the treasures of the fort with them ; 
and they left the fort in red-brown, ruddy-blazing flames, and 
went to the ship. 


And their adventures or their journeys are not related till 
they reached the coast of Egypt. Then Sir Galahad asked 
the Crop-eared Dog, " What is that land ? " 

" That is the land of Egypt," said the Crop-eared Dog, 
"and the King of Egypt is lord and ruler over it, and the 
Knight of the Lantern is his son-in-law ; and a companion 
brother in arms to the Knight of the Lantern is the son of the 
King of Egypt (namely, the Champion of Inneireadh) and it 
is the daughter of the King of the Land of the Living who 
nourished and brought them up together, and it is the son of 
the King of Greece who was their foster-father." 

Sir Galahad thought it a great wonder to receive that news 
from the Crop-eared Dog, and thus he said : — 

" Companion and sharer of friendship," said he, " I myself 
am worn and weary from journeying by sea and continent. I 
would like to get a request from thee, for the love of generosity 
and thy valour, since I have been a long while in thy company 
and fellowship." 

" What is that request ? " said the Crop-eared Dog. 

" I wish to get news of thee who thou art, or what put thee 
in that form, with human speech ? " 

" I like not those requests to be asked of me," said the Crop- 
eared Dog. " However, I shall tell it thee. I am son of the 
King of India, and Alastrann the Wonderful is my name; and 
the daughter of the King of the Caolachs is my mother, and 
Niamh the Fresh-formed is her name. And she bore four good 

36 eACUUA At! rilA'OllA ttlAOIt 

Agtip mife T)o tn' xxtAij^; ^Aguf T)0 Cmn ^n ClAtin fin c^p 
Clxitin^it) fiioj -cA^uf fOi-ti^e.AfriA -An T)orhAin rhCif inle a\\ 
rheiT) uji-Aifoe,^ ^f^ nixMfe, a\\ inne^ll, ^Agiif x\|a e^A^cofC. *Oo 
tex\fctii5 A\y mAtA\\\, (e^-bon tli^m 11uAt)-(::f\otv\c) Aguf "do tug ;m 
x^n f\i t)e.<^n eile ti'a ti6if , (ex^^)^n tibexAjAn l^nfoUAf ingex^n fiot; 
^t^eige) ; -Agtif "oo fuj fi m^c *(!)d (e-A-oon Tli*oife An toCfxMnn. 
^5"r If -^^t^ ■^ ^o|\5 xiCAmxioi'o ^noif) ; ^A^tif if ^Ag a ttSlxiA, 
5|\ux^5.AC n^ ^xxfgtnnne, do lioileAt) e. 

"X.A n-Aon X)'a f-Aife Rroife au lociuMnn A^iif a mAtA\\\ a^ 35 
imifc |\e n-A ceile 1 n-oun fiog tiA tilnT)iA, -oo lAbAif ^n 
ttiACAif ffif An niAc, Aguf If e A-oubAifc — 

"*A mic "611 jfATbAig/ Af fi, *if ii|\iif -ouic A tieit 50 
mAit, oi|\ if lonrbA Oif Agtif xMfgiT) a.\5 c' ACAif fein Agtif 
A^Am-f A, A^uf ni bfuit •o'oijfi'oit) offAinn ^6c ctif a AtriAin.' 40 

" 0\]\ "oo fAoil fi nA6 fAit) T)o Cloinn A5 An fig ACcRiT)ife 
An to6f Ainn 1 n-AonAf . lAf n-A Clof fin T)' 6^\,a6 "Oo tfiuinn- 
cif An fiog, A*outi)AifC50 fAib oigfiTJe niAite ioriT(!)A A5 An fig 
X)' A eA^tYiAif ; Aguf 50 mbAt) peAff gAC Aon aca iriAii oi$|\e 
'nA eifeAn. lAf n-A 6I0]* fin "oo 'n mt)Aint\iox^An, -oo feAfgAt'^ 45- 
50 moniAfCAC i, Agiif CAn5;A*0Af AifgeAnA eAgf AinlA l)<\if "oi, 
^guf tti5 ttiAif e Af riiio-triAif e A^uf "oeAlb tiiAic a]\ •6|ioiC-"oeilt) ; 
Ajuf f lAffinjeAf "oe ' cia Iiiat) nA lioigfi-Oe fin ? ' 

" ' AcAiT) ' Af fe ' cui^eAf niAC nuMC aj; An fig ; Aguf T)a 
mbAt) Aon fi a\\ An "ooniAin rhof tnle, atza a x)iol "oo Cloinn 50. 

'• UAinig An fi ■DO IxStAif lAf fin, Aguf fiAfftngeAf An bAin- 
fiogAn "oe CfCAT) fAt f Alb A (iorti-niAic fin "oo cloinn Aige gAn 
fiof "Di fein ; Aguf ATDubAifC nA(i feAff "do beAt') lei a niAC 
fein 'nA 5A6 Aon •oiob. A*DubAifC An f i Annfin ' ni a\\ olc 55^ 
leAC-fA, A bAinfiogAin, nA6 •ocugAf ino ClAnn *oo t)' lAtAif ; 
aCc 5Uf CeAnn f ItiAig Aguf f oCf Ait)e gAC Aon "Diob, Aguf nA6 
'DcioofA'OAOif x)o m' lAtAif-fi Atz AU uAif bA HiiAn leo fein.' 

' Tliis word is not very legible, an<l the reading not cerlain 


sons besides myself to my father, and that family surpassed all 
the children of a king and a lord of the whole great world for 
stateliness, for beauty, for carriage, and for appearance. Our 
mother died (to wit, Niamh the Fresh-formed), and the king 
took another wife after her (namely, Libearn Full-light, 
daughter of the King of Greece) ; and she bore him a son 
(namely, the Knight of the Lantern, and it is on his track we 
are now) ; and it is with his foster, the Champion of Gascony, 
he was brought up. 

" One day when the Knight of the Lantern and his mother 
were playing together in the fort of the King of India, the 
mother spoke to the son, and thus she said : — 

" ' My dear loving son,' said she, ' 'tis easy for thee to be 
in good estate, for thy father and I have much gold and silver 
and we have no heirs but only thou.' 

" For she thought that the king had no children save only 
the Knight of the Lantern. After hearing that, a youth of the 
people of the king said that the king' had many good heirs 
beside him, and that each one of them was a better heir than he. 
When the queen heard that she was much enraged, and there 
came various symptoms of death over her, and she exchanged 
beauty for ugliness, and shapeliness for an evil shape, and asks 
him, • Who are those heirs ? ' 

' ' The king,' said he, ' has five good sons ; and if there 
were but one king in the whole great world, there would be 
cliildren to satisfy him among them.' 

'' The king came there after that, and the queen asks him 
why had he such a good family without her knowledge ; and 
she said that she would not prefer her own son to any of 
them. Then the king said ' It is not in despite of thee, O 
queen, that I have not brought my children before thee ; 
but because each of them is head of an army and a host, 
and because they would never come before myself except 
when they desire.' 

38 eACUUA ATI ltlAT)tlA lilAOlt 

"'^^t)eA■6 if e glioc^f t)0 |\inne pfe, piof ^stif ccaCca *oo 
cii|\ A]\ cionn A V\AtA]\A (eA^66l^ jM'og ^feije), 5x\n piof 5x^n ^^ 
mottjgAt) -oo jAig riA !i1n'Du\ ; lonnAf A1^ uaija T)o cltiinpex^t) ff 
nA li1nT)u\ jAi 5r^^5^ "o*^ teAcr T)'a lonnfui'oe, 50 jcuijA^reAt) 
jTiof A^x pluAgAib tixi tilTTOM A-^u]" A\\ A 6loinn pein 50 ti^if\it;e, 
ionnx.\f 50 V)pui5ex^'6 f 1 finn pein ^|a x^on lAtA^\, te "Of ^oit)eA6c 
xxgiif •Dix\t)lAit)eACC -o' imi|\c po|\^inti. XVjuf ir xMiil^it) "oo ^^ 
t)it)e*imxif An ua^^ fin, ^511]' fex.\n6if\ piofAt pifeoU\6 i.A|\ 
5C|iofx^t) ofi^Mnn tul -oo l^\t*M|\ nA X)A}n]\\o^nA a\\ eA^lA 
'o\\Aoit>eAcrA no '0iAtDlcMt)e^\cc<\ 'o'nnifc of\<Mnn Cjie f?ti^t ^^Uf 
cfie rhiofc^if. 

'' T)xSlx\ 11105 5t^^i5^ 50 n-^ "Of e^\ni, t^n^^'OAf 50 Cfioc^it^ ''^ 
n^ liln'OM ; ^guf u\f n-x\ clof fin *do fig nx.\ lilntDUA, *do 6uif 
fiof Agtif zeACZA Of^inn fein -cA^iif a]\ fln^ji^it!) n^ tiln'ouA 
tnle m^f Aon ffinn, i*oif Z]\^At -Agtif C15eAfnx^, mite-At) -Agtif 
5xMfce^A'D-AC ; ^Aguf txAngAm^f fein fo 5;^\ifin A\y n-AtA\xA. 
m^ille f e tieiiDigit!) Iioj^a t^n-nuMf e^\CvA ^\5;tJf 50 5CtitAit)eAC^it) "^ 
A^lle ^li)eAXt)ACA 6]\fnA^zeACA fOf Ainn. 

" xN^iif ^A]\ xj'ceACZ 1 tneAAfc nA fliuvit; tjuinn, ni f^iti ntM6, 
fif no tnnA\ ^xnn, hA mO tnol^t) of^inn, ^jtif ^a mo tiicjjxAife 
fOriuMnn, ion^\ ^\n fioj^n ; x^5tlf A'Diit)AifC nAt fe^\ff "oo V)eA'6 
f 1 f e r\~A mAC fe^in, eA'oon 'Ri'oife ^n 1.66f ^inn, 'nA le <;a6 Aon 80 
Ag^inn. xXgtif 'DO ctiAit) fi niAf a \\A^t) a hAtA}\\, eAt>6n fi 
5fei5e, xigiif A-oubAifc fif 50 \\A^h eA^lA tiiffti 50 mbxMnnfi- 
tnif-ne An oijf eAtc T)'a mAC fein (eAt)dn lli'oif e An toCf Ainn), 
a6xz mun^ -ocoifinifce^f) 50 luAt finn. ■<^5iif A'out^AifC ^n fi 
guf Coif fin "DO "oeAnAMii j^An moill. ^S^T ^^^1^ tnbeit "oo fij; 85 
5fei5e nx\oi lx\ice ^gnf nAO] n-oi-oCe 'f <\n 1nT)u\, tug l.Arri fof 
initevACc ; A^5l1f fo innif guf eifi^ co^^t) mof ^giif coinblioCr 
iT)if e fein -Agtif fig PfxMnnce,x.\5iif gtif riiu\n leif fi nA ti1nT)u\ 
-oo -oul leif fein T)o Coirimof At) An cogAHj fin, Aj^uf finn 
fein -o'fA^Ail 'f-^^"" ^ItTOiA 1 bfAffAt) nA bAinfidjnA ; aitiaiI 90 

mAf "DO tCAJAfC fifl 50 CeAlgAC "DO. 'Oo Ctllf A^ n-AtAtf 


"However, this is the trick she played, to send news and 
messengers to her father, the King of Greece, without the 
knowledge or perception of the King of India; so that when 
the King of India should hear that the King of Greece was 
come to him, he would send news to the hosts of India, and 
especially to his own children, so that she would get ourselves 
into one place, to practise druidry and devilry upon us. And 
thus we were at that time, with a learned and very knowing 
old man having forbidden us to go to the queen for fear of her 
practising druidry and devilry on us through hatred and 

'' As for the King of Greece and his company, they came 
to the borders of India : and when the King of India heard 
that, he sent news and messengers to ourselves and to the hosts 
of all India together with us, both chiefs and lords, soldiers 
and champions ; and we came at the call of our father, with 
becoming, lovely vesture, and with beautiful, manifold, gold- 
embroidered raiment on us. . 

" And when we had come into the midst of the host, there 
was not a person there, man or woman, who was greater in praises 
for us and more joyful over us than the queen ; and she said 
that she would not be better in the eyes of her own son, the 
Knight of the Lantern, than of every one of us. And she 
went where was her father, the King of Greece, and said to 
him that she was afraid that we would take the inheritance 
from her own son (the Knight of the Lantern) unless she 
quickly hindered us. And the king said that it was 
right to do so without delay. Now, when the King of Greece 
had been nine days and nine nights in India he set about 
departing ; and said that there had arisen great war and conflict 
between himself and the King of France, and that he 
desired that the King of India should go with himself 
to assemble that battle, and leave us in India with the queen ; 
as she taught him treacherously. Our father counselled us to 

40 e^CcRA All rhAtDnA rhAOit 

corh^ifle of^inn px^n^rh^1n *mci, ^^\5uf "oo fiinneAtriAfi ^rhl^it). 
" X)SlA UA P105 fin, gliuAipT) ]i6inpA\ m^ille ^e n-^ f lu«3k$Ait!) 
guf An t)P|\^\intic ; A^uy T>'fA^AX)A\\ finn pein 1 t)fo<iAi|\ A\y 
teAymAtMi\A, eAX)6n UbeAfin t^nfoUAf. Annfin -oo tug a\k '^^ 
tex^fm<^t.M|\ leiCe finn 1 bfox) fo te^t, ^guf "oo t>A\l fi 
flex^■6 ^t)t3^\L-rii6f\ fii^t^ -^^S^if pif-rhiofCxiife of^Mnn, ^gtif X)0 
Ctii|\ f i *^|\ 6ao} nieifce A^uy tneAT')ftii5te c6ilte finn ; ^guf 
imif •Ofxxoit)ex5k(ic ^guf 'ou\l3UM'6e^\cr ofxMnn, 1onnx^f gut^ Ctii|\ 
1 |\io6c 6U15 con AllzA finn, e^'Oon cfiiip <^5^1nn 1 |\ioCc 100 
Cfi fe^fCon, -Aguf x\n "oif eile 1 fioCc ^oa f^Aj. 

" ^5iif "DO 5f e^f A*ox\fi coin A^uy ^A'()A^\\ -An *oun,Ai'6]iinn, 
xiguf "oo Cuifi ^|\ ceiCeA'6 -Aguf A\y ionnxifli)x\t) 1 leitime^tl 
nA C|\16e finn, 1 nglex^nncAit) "oixMrifA •oo-eot^if. -Agtif •00 
t)1t)ex^tnx^f fe^l ciAn x\5Uf .A1mfex^f pATtA a^ "oi-dnfCxxoile-At) 105 
mx^ome Agiif f pfei'oe xif le^f rh*\c.Af^ ; -Aguf niof Clof *.\on 
fOCAt *o' A\\ ]'ceAlA^X) 6 fin xMn^6. tDx^f fin "ouinn no ^uji 
cof Ciiije^t) n^ f^5^ fin "oo X)^ ^g-Ainn ux\inn f em, A^uy guf f ug 
5*^6 f^j *.\c^\ ceitfe TieA^; ^Agiif •o'f.Af 01ft^e,<^f\CA 
r\A 5Ctiile<\n fin 50 ltu\c. Agtif *do finne^At) corhxM|Ale linn no 
Ann, 1n*ou\ "o'f-cAgAil ^guf a ttul do 'n ^P^^'^^S* "oo "6105-^1 nA 
corh^jfle fin tti^ fi 5t^^^5^ "^^ '^ injin fein tiim finn-ne T)o 
rtMl^ifC no "oo rhio-tOfugAt). 

" X)o CfiotnuijeAt) -An Corh.Aif le fin linn, gufi 5lu-Aife.Am.Af 
forh^inn "oo 'n $^^'^5 5 ^5tif *oo t)i'6e-Amx\f bli-A-O^in innce, 115 
-Aguf DO cionnfCAn^tn-Af -Af nDiogA\lcAf do 6uf 1 nDltif, -An 
Di,AnfC,Aoile^"D fpfeit')e n.A ^feige. 

" ACc -AC-A ni"D te^An-A, ni ri-Aifrrifi'Oex\f 50 bf tiinne .An bf-AtxA, 
xAjuf 50 foiftexinn -An t)eAtA, au z-ai[\ feinnit) A^uy yeA\\ 

A^A, -An Die xXgUf An DIOgft-All, -An fCAOllB-AT!) -An f C*.\nn|\.At) ]20 

.Aguf .An t>eofCAtx\t), tu^xMYixXf A^ "b-AOinib Af fpfeit!) Aguf Af 
Ainttiincit) nA 5f^i5^- "Oo CuADAf DeA^-CxAineAtA 1 n-uifeAf- 
bAit) fif An fig ; Aguf do cinneAD coiriAifle leo, coin Aguf 
5At)Aif nA 5^6156 Ajvif nA 5C|\io(i f a coirhneAf a i)6\X) do 


stay with her, and we did so. 

" As for those kings, they go with their hosts straight to 
France ; and they left ourselves with our stepmother Libearn 
Full-light. Then our stepmother took us with her to a place 
apart, and apportioned an immense feast of hatred and spite on 
us, and she put us in the way of drunkenness and light-hearted- 
ness ; and she played druidry and devilry upon us, so that she 
put us in the form of five wild dogs, three of us in the form 
of three male dogs, and the other two in the form of two 

" And the dogs and beagles of the dwelling barked at us, 
and put us in flight and in banishment in the borders of the 
land, in dark valleys hard to know. And we were a longtime 
and lengthy period wrecking the substance and dowry of our 
stepmother, and not a word of news of us was heard from 
that out. Thus were we till those bitches that were 
with us were pregnant from ourselves, and till each of 
them brought forth fourteen whelps ; and the exploits of those 
whelps spread swiftly. And we took counsel there to leave 
India and go to Greece to avenge the advice the King of 
Greece gave to his daughter to change or to discomfit us. 

"That counsel was resolved on by us, so that we went 
straight to Greece, and were a year in it, and we commenced 
to make our revenge sufficient, by destroying the wealth of 

" Howbeit, to the end of the world and to doomsday 
there cannot be reckoned the slaughter of champions and 
warriors, the loss and damage, the scattering, the confusion 
and the active lopping down we gave to the people, the 
wealth, and the animals of Greece, The king lost good rents ; 
and a counsel was decided on by them to collect the hounds 
and the beagles of Greece and of the nearest territories to 

42 eACcRA An r}iAT)nA rtiAOit 

CiwunneAt) a\\ aou Ia.\c^M|i ^suf ^\|\ xion ioiiat) ; Agtif a t>ul 125 
'o'lonnfui'Oe x\n 5le.\nnA\ a \\AX)AmA]\, Aguf re^tg a^u]" pAt)A6 
■DO -De^riArh po|ixMnn. T)o CjiiottniijeAt) aMi 6omxM|ile fin teo, 
^gup c^\n5A'OA\|\ -d'aXja n-ioniifiinJe 50 ^^e-Ann nA gCon n^^^fS. 
(oi|\ 130 t)' e fin xMnm ^n 510^^111 a, 6'n 5Comnuit)e finne-Atrixif 
fein Ann). 130 

" "Oo ff AcntjijeAt) xiguf -do ff^onAt) A.\n Cfe^lg pein leo 1 
T)citnce^ll An ^leAnnA, ionn<.\f nAC nT)eA6A^'6 Aon 1 n-^\ X)eAtA 
beo A\* x)inn, actz mif e fein 1 m' x\()iu\f ; xiguf X)o bi UAirh 
"OAinge^xn 'oo-eolxMf if An ngle^nn, ^Aguf *oo b' eolAC •Dx^n1-f a 
50 mxMC 1. 5^"^^ri^ foni^ni 'o'a rnonnftii'Oe, x^gtif ceit)ini 135 
ifce^c innce "oo rn' fol^c fein off a. Aguf *oo leAnA'D^xf uile 
me, iXDif 6oin, 5A"6Aif, Aguf "OAOine, ^gtif "oo b' ^il leo An 
iiAirh TJO tofCA'6 Ofin. Aguf An xzAn *oo (ionn^fc rnife ^n 
lUMtri ^5 A "oof CugAT) Of m, *\5tif mo biot)l3xMi!)e -Aguf m'e^f- 
cx\fAiT) im' timceAll, ^gtif ^An ca]\a no comp^n^xt "oo I'lO 
m' goife *oo bfeit fUfCAcc^ t>ixm, x)o lion me 'o'feifs ^^suf 
T)'fioc, -Aguf T)' eifij mo me-Anm-dn ^xguf mo bfij;, x\5Uf "00 
fmuAin me 50 mb^t) feAff "o^m An uiLe b^xf "o' f^\5*Ml 'nS 
mo lofCAt), Agtif fof 50 mbAt) oifcife ^6 Am me fein "oo 
•DiogAil A]\ mo nAm*M"6 'nA b^Af t)' fxvgxMl 1 n-x\fCxMt). 145 
Ceit)im ^m^C ^A■\\ fin, Aguf cugAim A'^A'it) *^f nx\ fltiAigcib • 
x^5;tlf "DO fit fu\-o mo coinne, I'oif Coin g^x-dxiif xxjuf "Oxioine ; 
A^5l1f "oo lonnfuit) me MX)-fxxn -^An fxMllige, ^gtif jAb^im a^ 
A n-oifleA6 Aguf x^5 a n-AtcumAX) lonn^^f 50 n-imceocAt) 
bfxMne-An ciocfA^c conf*.\t)A6 o'n gcol^nn 50 6eile x)iob. 150 
lonnuf 5Uf*ib e -An "oiogbAil iMim-fe f*\ "oeoit), e^'oon, 'oeiC 
n^onb^Mf Agtif fe^Cc ^ceA-o fiT)ife AffAcic^C, 1 bfeAgtiiAf 
■oiofCAf-fUiAij. Agtif "oo bit)e-Af fein cneAttAt Cfe-Act^C 6 
gonAib iomt:)A nA n-Afm ^suf 6 f ofl^nn An ComlAinn ; Aguf if i 
comxMf le "oo cf ioCnuigeAt) Uom, "otil -o' lonnf uit)e fioj 5fei5e 155 
Aguf comAifce "oo jI-acatj Aige. Aguf An a\z a bf ac-a me 
pob-All An fiog, c6it)im d'a liionnfuit)e Aguf beifim eice^ll 


one spot and one place ; and to go to the glen where we were, 
and to make a chase and a hunting against us. That advice 
was resolved on by them, and they came towards us to the 
Valley of the Rough Dogs (for that was the name of the 
valley, from our own staying there). 

" The chase was extended and turned about by them 
around the valley, so that not one of us came from it in his living 
life save myself alone ; and there was a strong cave, hard to 
know, in the glen, and I knew it well. I go straight towards 
it, and come inside to hide myself from them. And they all 
followed me, hounds, beagles, and men, and wished to burn 
the cave on me. And when I saw the cave darkening on me, 
and my foes and enemies about me, without a friend or 
companion near me to bring me help, I filled with anger 
and wrath, and my courage and my strength arose, and l_ 
thought it was better to die any sort of death but burning, 
and further that it was more fitting for me to avenge myself on 
my enemy, than to die to no purpose. After that I came out and 
face the hosts ; and they ran against me, hounds, beagles, and 
men ; and I approached them without delay, and began to 
destroy and maim them, in such wise that a hungry greedy 
raven would go from one body to the other. So that this is 
the loss I inflicted on them at last, seven hundred and 
ninety powerful knights, not counting the rabble. And 
I myself was hurt and wounded from many cuts of the 
weapons and from the violence of the battle ; and this is the 
advice I resolved on, to go to the King of Greece and take 
protection of him. And the place where I saw the people of 
the king, I come there, and I take a bird-like flight into the 

44 eACUUA Atl itlA'OnA triAOIt 

eine^tri<Ml i n-tiCc An t^iog, *\5tif ix\'0*.Mtn mo t^S 6\\oX) cof aMj ]:6 
u-a\ X)\ka^a}X). Agtif triAfv "oo ContiAXfic An f\i fin, t)0 l^t)-Aip ppif 
n*.\ fltlx^5^1t) ^^5t1f "o' fog^xfA t)Oit) g^n "Diogt^^it a\k bit "oo i*>0 
•^e^Mi^rh t)A\r\. A^uf 'oo jiiig leif 50 c^xtAip n^ liAitne me, 
A^uy -00 6uij\ ^n flx\t)|M fo Of\m." 

" 1)61)1 buAro -Aguf t)e^\nn*i(bc-Ain, a.\ c*^|AA1'o 5|A-c\t)v\i5," a\\ Si|\ 
t)A\lbiMit), " ni tuAlA me pixMri f ce*^\l bA binne -Aguf b^ f eijAbe 
liom, 'n^ An fcexxt fin t)' innif cu t)Am x^no1f. Aguf Af Sr-^"^ '^'^ 
lieinig x\5;tif T)o 5-Aifce, innif TiAm cionn^f -oo b^Mne^t) 

•00 tlUAX'A Agtlf c' eA^\ft)x3llll T)10C." 

"inneofxXT) 50 "oeimin," a\\ An \Y\ax)1[\a \X\aoI. " A^uy ni 
bpinl 'yAn "oomAn fce^l if me^fxi liom, xxguf fOf if mC 
Cf lUMje 'n^\ e. Oif 1 n*oiAit) ctiifte imt)iT)ne ofin -o' olc Aguf 1"0 
•o' x^npofl^nn, do bi me fA mtiifn A^uy yS onoif moif ^5 *.\n 
fij ; 6if "DO ttiig fe 50 \\A^X) c^AllA^uy cuimne ■oo.onnA\ xigxMn. 
AXgUf tiime fin ni leigfe^xt) ^f lontxMb Aon-T)uine 'f-^" "Br^^S 
me 6 n-A yeom^A fein xMnA6, a\\ ba^Ia T)fOiC-neit Ay bit *oo 
■Oe^n^m ofin. x^5Uf •00 bi me xMtilAi'O fin ^5 An fi^ 50 ce^nn 175 
Aimfifie ^ifite yAXiA 'n-A t)^A)t> fin, no 50 -ocAims lli*oife An 
toCf^inn *oo"n n^feig ; A^uy -oo (iiu\U\ fe mo tu.xfxifcb^il 
fein "DO belt A.\nn, -Agiif fo xMtin guf "oo 'n tLoinn t)o 6ui|\ a 
m^t^if fo ^eAyA me ; A-^uy txSinig -oo 'n e^t^if, A^uy mAy 
nAy lei5 An eA^lA x)6 mife 'oo m<\fbAt) no "oo miotdfugx^X) iso 
(oif -00 bi fiof A]^e nA6 lei5fe*\"6 <\n |\i Ay lonci^ib v\on-t)tiine 
'yAn n5f6i5 me Ay a feomf^ fein aMTI-aC) "do juix) fe inge^n 
•00 'n fig (eAi"06n •oeifbfiuf a mStAyA fein) f^\ mife "Oo 6uf 
cum b^\if ; A^v\y t)o ^e-ALl fifi fin "Oo f)e-AnAm. 

" >A5tif tv\ n-Aon "o' a nx>eA6A^t> AmAd Ay An bf*Mt(^e A^uy i85 
T)' yA^ mife 1 n-A feomfA fein, t^Ainig An ingex^n 1 m' 
f.\ffx\'6 Aniifin, vNj^uf "GO Ctiif fi fUxMn-bfex^6c T)fAoit)e<\6c-A 
o|\m, lonnAf j;up ttiice<\f 'mo toif6im f lUMn ^juf f iof-6o*OAlCA. 
Agiif tug fi -<\lc.\n fceine fcoitgeife ximA.\C A^uy no b^in mO 
-OA 6liu\f Ax^uy m' e*\fb-All "oiom : x^5Uf "oo b' ^il teiti mo 190 


breast of the king, and closed my two fore-paws under his neck. 
And when the king saw that, he spoke to the hosts and com- 
manded them to do no injury to me at all, and he took 
me to the City of Athens with him, and put this chain upon 

" Victory and blessing be thine, my dear friend," said Sir 
Galahad, ** never have I heard a story sweeter and sadder in 
my opinion than thou hast told me now. And for the love of 
generosity and of thy valour, tell me how thy ears and thy tail 
were cut from thee." 

'' I will tell, indeed," said the Crop-eared Dog, '' and there 
is not in the world a story I think worse, and which is fuller 
of sadness than that. For after putting on me protection 
against evil and violence I was held in great affection and 
honour by the king, for he understood that I had human sense 
and memory. Wherefore, he would not let me under the pro- 
tection of a single person in Greece outside his own chamber 
for fear of something evil being done me. And thus I was 
with the king to the end of a long time after that, till the 
Knight of the Lantern came to Greece, and he heard news of 
my being there, and perceived I was one of the family his 
mother had put under tahu : and he came to the city, and as 
fear did not suffer him to kill or molest me (for he knew 
that the king would not allow me under the protection of a 
single person in Greece outside of his own chamber) he prayed 
the daughter of the king, that is his own mother's sister, to 
put me to death ; and she promised to do so. 

" And one day when he went out on the lawn and left me 
in his own chamber, the girl came to me and put a sleep- 
spell of druidry upon me, so that I fell into a stupor of sleep 
and long slumber. And she took out the blade of a sharp- 
pointed knife, and cut from me my twu ears and my tail, and 
she wished to behead me. I start from my sleep on being 

46 eACCKA All niAt)RA ttlAOlt 

■Di6e.\linx.\'6. t)ioT)5Aim-|M *^\f mo fu^n a\\ mo 50|ACl15x^•6, xiguf 

t)|\ifim An cui-Q T)o 5i 1 ngpevAmAij -oe, x^vguf tiijAf fi-Oe 
f^\nncAC ):iO|\Cv\tm^\ "oo m' C|\oV) tof^Mj "oo 'n mjin, ^u\\ 
tei5eA.\f A riAt)^6 -Agtif x\ riionAC^\|\ eifce. Agup uei-Oim -a^a x\n 195 
tDp.MCce ^m^\c, Aguf tii5v\f ^xjAit) A|a n^^ fLoigtiti) *oo •oiogxMl 
mo C|\eAcc xAguf m' eAf0ti6|\A po|\t\*^. Agup "oo corhfVAicigeAf 
p|Aiii, lonn^f 5ti|A mA|\t)Af uiiiiip 'oo-A1|\trleA^c -oiot) ; x^gtif "00 
ComiAAicijeAf pein ^stif ^n |\i |\e ceile, ^suf *oot) i c|\ioC 
.\n conijAcMC, x\n |ai -oo ttiice^m liom ; ^Ngiir g^ttAim ^5 cufi 200 
^|A no^ n5fveA5-c\C o foin 50 tioToce. ACc aza mt) CeAn^, 
no 50 n-Aifmpi-oeAiA pe^^ ^r^icce, Aguf jxMtieAm cjiaJa, A^uf 
'otiitleAt)Ai|A peAt)A, Agiif ■peAlCA nime, ni peiT)!!! innifin no 
Ai|AeAm TDo cujA A\\ A|\ ttnc liom -oo floigtit) n^ 5f^i5^ ThOi[\e 
An lA fin. Aguf cei6eAf lxiT)i|Ae An toCjiAinn fiottiAm pein 6 205 
fin 1 leit, conAC pop *OAm ca Ii-aiiat) "Oo ceiCfAe liAifoit) au 
■ooriiAin mAf gAb fe UAim ; A^iif ACAim x)' a c6fAit)eACc 6 
foin no [50] 'ocAflA leAC-fA me a^ An ciob|u\*o. A^tif if 
lA-o fin nA fceAlv\ fo fiAfftJigif T)iom/' a\\ An 1TlAT)fA ITIaoI. 

"t)eif buAit) Agtjf bcAnnACCAin," a\\ Sifi t)ALt)UAit), " ni 210 
cuaIa mo 6UiAf tiiAm fceAt Ida binne Aguf bA mo ct^uAige 
no A]\ CAnAf 'OAtn.'' 

Agiif *oo cuA-DAp 50 T)un fiog nA liGigipce lAfAfh, A^uf 
lAf n-Aitne An lllA'DfA tllAoit "ooib CAinig An fi 'n-A ^coinne 
Aj^uf 'n-A 5;coTtit)Ail, Aj^tif feAfAf fiOfCAOin f Alice ffui, 215 
-Agiif "OO ftij leif j;iif An "DiinAt) iat), A^uf "oo ffeAfCAlAt) 
A^uf ffiocAileAt') 50 mAit IAT). If Annfin *oo fiAffuij An 
ITlA'OfA tTlAol fceAlA lxi"oi|\e An toCfAinn T)o "ti fi^. 

'• 111 bf Ull AOn-fOCAl "OA fCeAlAlb AgAm-f A," Ajl An |li, 

" Aguf "OA mbeAT) "oo t)eAff Ainn "ooib-fi e, Cif ni lujA of Aib- 220 
fi 1xiT)ife An "LbCfAinn 'nA ofm-fA pein. Oif "oo bi fe *n-A 
cliAtiiAin AgAm-fA, Aguf -QO lei5 fe mo injeAn-f a UAit), Agtif 
tug fe beAn eile bA meAfA 'nA i, eA-ooti ingeAn fiog nA 


hurt, and I gave a tug and a strong pull on the chain, and break 
the part of it that was fastened, and gave an eager, valorous 
stroke of my fore-paw at the girl, so that I let her entrails 
and inwards out of her. And I come out on the lawn and I faced 
the host to avenge on them my wounds and my dishonour. 
And 1 fought with them, so that I killed a countless number 
of them. And I and the king fought together, and this was 
the end of the fight, that the king fell by me ; and I take to 
slaughtering the Greeks from then till night. However, 
till the grass of a lawn, and the sand of a shore, and 
the leaves of a wood, and the stars of heaven be reckoned, 
it is impossible to tell or to enumerate how many of the 
hosts of Great Greece fell by me that day. The Knight 
of the Lantern flees before me from that out, so that I knew 
not to which of the four quarters of the world he went from 
me ; and I am pursuing him ever since till I met thee at 
the well. And those are the tales thou didst ask of me," said 
the Crop-eared Dog. 

" Victory and a blessing be thine," said Sir Galahad. 
" Never has my ear heard a tale sweeter and sadder than thou 
hast recited to me." 

And they went to the fort of the King of Egypt after that, 
and when they recognised the Crop-eared Dog the king came 
to meet and join them, and gives them a hearty welcome. 
And he brought them with him to the dwelling and they were 
served and attended well. Then the Crop-eared Dog asked 
of the king news of the Knight of the Lantern. 

"Not a word of news have I," said the King; "and if 
I had 1 would give it you, for not less is the Knight of 
the Lantern against me than against ye. For he was my 
son-in-law, and he divorced my daughter, and took another 
wife worse than she, namely, the daughter of the King of 

48 GACCUA All rhA'OtlA ttlAOIt 

t)ei5infe. Aguf ^n c-iotuaT) i u-^\\\ t)66A tiom nit) eigin "0'*^ 
f ceAlAit!) T)' pA^Ail peolpx\T) fib-fi •o'x^ ionn|^uit)e ; Ciji ^c^\ 'oun 226 
1 leic-iinev\ll tu\ C|\i(ie-fe "o' ^ n5oi|\ce^\|\ ^n T)un T)ix3ifh^iti, 
Aguf If Ann vAcA m' inje^n-px^ x^no1f, ^jupif uaic A1nmn1$tex^p 
i, eAt)6n l)Ain|\io5An ^n t)unv\i*6 "Oi^m^if. Aguf ceit)-fi 'o'a 
riionnfuit)e, -A^uf *An meit) t)i'DeAf X)o fce^L^it) UiT)ife ^n 
tocfiAMnn A1C1 tDe^iAp^t) t)iti-fi u\r)/' 230 


^ttiAif^'o 1 tnoC nx\ rn^M'one xxp n-x.\ mb^A|ix\6 -ooCum An 
"Oun^it) T)iAnixM|A, ^guf peA\|\Af A\n inje^n piopC^om pA^1lce 
p|\iu. T)']:u\]:|^tii5 xin mA'0|\A ITIaoL f ce^lA 1\i*onAe A\n l,66|AAinn. 
If ^nnpin "oo pinne A\^ inge^n CxifA\oiT) a mA^lA f\iu <\\\ Tvi'DijAe 
An tCCjUAinn. A'onlixMfc au tTlAX>|A<\ ITl-Aol 5Uf\ -dio^xmI fe 6 
pein cuiT) "o'a rn<Aftv\ p^ip, Aj;iif "oa mbeA|\pv\i!) a1|a ^fif 50 
•ociutDiiAi) Ai|\ 5v\n A't^Atx^|A|u\c-pA mn^oi 'oo beic ^ige 50 poip- 
(ie^nn a \\e A-^uy a f^og^iL. 

'' 'Oa X)Cti5t<\-fA T)o ti)f\u\cA|\ pfiA fin "oo 6oirix.\ll ij-Am-fx.x," 
<\|A An fiojAn, ""DO beAjVfAinn a bpuiL -oo fce^UMb Ag^m pern lo 


tug An niA-DpA ITIaoL a b|\iACA|\ fjAif fm do CoitiaLI "Oi. 

" AcA tiAuri 1 leit-nneALL r\A cfiCe-pe," Af fi " Ajuf An 
llAnii T)o|\(:;a a liAinm, Aguf aca cop innce T)Ai\At) Ainm Co|\ 
nA "oUfi tnbeAnn (eA^oon beAnn Cifv, beAnn AifgiT), Aguf beAnji 15 
fionnbfuicne). Aguf An CAn C15 RTOife An tbCfAinn "oo 'n 
(il\i(i-fe, If ^tin a Coninin-oeAf fe ; Agtif ni bfinL f Lije tuige 
A(ic cfiT) An iiAnTi. Aj^iif "Oo cuaLa mife 50 bfuil fe Ann 
Anoif, niAiLle fe ino bfACAf fein, eAt>6n 5r"^5^^^ ^""^^ 
blnne^fit) ; Aguf f ACAT)-f a f em do "OeAnAni eolAf Dib-fi Ann."' 20 

Uer6iD-fe fompA Af n-A mbAfA6 Cum nA ViUattia "OojiCa. 
A^uf lAf fotcAm cum nA buAiriA "Ooib, do fCAf An ingeAn 
fiu ; Aj^uf do finne An ITlADfA tllAol colum geAl do fein, 


Little-isle. And the place where I think it likely to get news 
of him, I will guide you thither ; for there is a fort in the 
border of this country which is called the Obscure Fort, and 
it is there my daughter is now, and from it she is named, the 
Queen of the Obscure Fortress. And go to her, and what- 
ever news of the Knight of the Lantern she has she will 

Early in the morning on the morrow they go to the 
Obscure Fortress, and the girl gives them a hearty wel- 
come. The Crop-eared Dog asked news of the Knight 
of the Lantern. Then the girl made them complaint 
of her insult at the hands of the Knight of the Lantern. 
The Crop-eared Dog said that he himself had avenged 
some of her insults upon him, and if he got hold of him 
again he would make him so that he would have no other 
wife but her to the end of his time and his life. 

" If thou gavest thy word to accomplish that for me," said 
the queen, " I would give thee what news I have." 

The Crop-eared Dog gave her his word to accomplish that 
for her. 

" There is a cave in the border of this country," said she, 
" and the Dark Cave is its name, and there is a tower in it 
called the Tower of the Three Gables (that is, a gold gable, a 
silver gable, and a copper gable). And when the Knight of 
the Lantern comes to this country there he lives : and there is 
no way to it but through the cave. And I have heard that he 
is there now, with my own brother, the Champion of 
Inneireadh, and I myself will go to get information for you 

They go straight on the morrow to the Dark Cave. 
And when they reached the cave the girl parted from them ; 
and the Crop-eared Dog made a white dove of himself and 

50 ' eACuRA AH niADUA rh Aoit 

-Aguf 6uxMf) ifce^t x\p fruitineoj^ An ciiifi ; ^suf "do pu^iji 
tli'DijAe x^n td6pAinn xAgtif ^f^^^'^S^c da tilnneiiMt) i|"ceA6 aj 25 
imijAC ; A^uf UA|A ftpeicfin An ttlA-OfiA TTIaoiI T)o Ki-oi^e An 
lo^fiAinn, "oo finne t)A 6111I T)e pem A^tif *oo 'n n^fWAjAC, 
A^tif "oo CuAit) AmAC Af\ frinnneoj; An jfviAnAin. 

" X)a t)]:eA|^]:Ainn-fe," a|\ ah tllA'otAA TTIaoI, '' gujA 1 |Mo6c 
cuiteoige T)o |\acca ahiaC, if 1 fiocc coifv-mioLcoige "00 tioc- 30 
pAinn fein ifceAt tugAib." 

ACc ACA nit) ceAnA, puAi-p fe An locfAnn A|a lAf At) 'f'^^ 
cof, Agtjf x)o cug leif e mAfi a fAift Sip t)All3iK\it) ; Aguf -oo 
tug 1 n-A lAirh *66 e, Agtif A-outDAjAU 511^ fCA|\ tnCfAn n' a 
■C|\Aoit)eA(ic \\e Ri*oi|\e An l,o6|\Ainn 6 fCAf An l6cf\Ann leif. 35 

piAff uijeAf Si|i t^AlbwAit) cfeA-n f ac Af cti^At) " Ui'Oife 
An toCf Ainn '' fAif. 

''Hi *00 ti)1 Af An ScltiA," Af An !TlAT)fA niAOl, " AJUf ni 

^AAib Tfo clomn Aige a6c "oif int;eAn, eA-Oon l)eit!)eAnn Aguf 
t)eAt)C|\otA A n-AnniAnnA. Aguf ni f Ait) 'oo itinAili) r[A CAlrfiAn 40 
n-Aon f AttiAil no a hiaca f AtiilA Af "oeife, a\\ t)e\lt>, a|a rheinn, 
Agtif Af\ t)ei5-1i)eAfAit!). (3ifi nAf ■6iiil3e ^tiAl 5At)Ann ia]i n-A 
X)AtAt> 1 n-uifce fUA|\ oigfi-O 'nA 'oeilt) bAn An •ootiiAin 1 
t)focAifv A nx)eAll3-f An. Aguf "oo ti)if)eA"DA|A clAnnA fiog Aguf 
|\6i-ti5eA|\nA"6 An -oorhAin 1 bfUAt Agiif 1 t*)fi|\-miofCAif 45 
T)' A gceile fo 'n gcloinn fin, A5 ceACc t)o fiiif5,e nui. 
Ajtif If AfhLAit) -oo bi t)ei5eAnn ; tug fi moi-oe nA6 belt) 
Aon peAf AICI 50 bfAC, a6c An feA|\ T)o beAj\fAt) An ICC- 
|\Ann -DO bi Af lAfAt) A5 t)0|\b nA t)inne Ouifbe 1 5C|\io6Aib 
nA gCfuitneA^ (fj^if a fAit)ceA|\ Oi^e lACjLvrf OileAn.\6) 50 

" Agiif if ArhlAit) T)o bi An peAji fin ; niofb lonCorfifAic 
feAfi •o'feAfAib nA CAltiiAn f|\if, An ]:eAX) "oo X)eAX) An 166- 
jiAnn Af lAf At) Aige ; 6if git) cneAt)A(i c|\eACcA6 "oo beAt), 
An uAi|\ 'OO feiceAf fAif 'oo tig a neApc Aguf a bfig fein 55 
Cuige Afif. Aguf niAf T)o cuaIa "oaIca 5i^"-^5*^^^ '^*-^ 


went in at the window of the tower ; and he found the Knight 
of the Lantern and the Champion of Inneireadh inside at 
play ; and when the Knight of the Lantern saw the Crop- 
eared Dog he made two gnats of himself and of the Champion, 
and they went out by the window of the summer-house. 

" If I knew," said the Crop-eared Dog, " that it is in the 
shape of a gnat you would go out, it is in the shape of 
a midge I would come to you myself.'' 

However, he found the lantern lighted in the tower, and 
brought it with him to where was Sir Galahad, and gave 
it him in his hand, and said that much of his druidry was 
taken from the Knight of the Lantern since the lantern was 
taken from him. 

Sir Galahad asks for what cause was he called " the 
Knight of the Lantern." 

" A king was over Scythia," said the Crop-eared Dog, 
" and he had no children but two daughters — Beibheann and 
Beadhchrotha their names. And there was none of the 
women of the earth in one likeness, or their fac-similes for 
beauty, for shape, for disposition, and for manners. 
For not blacker was smiths' coal sunk in cold ice-water than 
the forms of the women of the world before their forms. And 
the sons of the kings and lords of the world were in hatred 
and jealousy one of the other about those children, coming to 
woo them. Now thus was Beibheann ; she took an oath that 
she would never have a husband but he who should bring 
to her the lantern burning with Borb of Benburb in the coasts 
of the Cruithneach (which is called Eire the Green-land Isle). 

" And in this wise was that man : not one of the earth could 
fight him so long as the lantern should be lighted in his pos- 
session ; for though he should be wounded and sore, whenever 
he looks on it his strength and his might come to him again. 
And when the foster of the Champion of Gascony heard news 

52 eACunA An rhAT)RA rhAOit 

^'Afjuinne c:ii^f\A\fct)Ail nA tnbxMi fiti, ni "OeAfiriA comiu\it)e 50 
li^inig -00 Scii:u\. Ajuf ^n u^n T)0 6onnA|AC t3eibe.\nn, -oo 
ITon T)' A fei|\c A^uf^ po|\t;|AA"D, A^tif "Oo 5|AAt)vM5 \'^\'^ e m<\f\ 
An 5ceA*onA ; ^guf -pof tug -An ingevMi pA lioi^e, eA'6on 60 
"be^tj^jiocA, cuile tfAexxn cforhj^f.At)<\6, -<.\5ti-p ff^ut fiofvit)b.Al 
feipce "DO, lonn^f 50 1[\A^V) puAC A-^uy -piivriiiofCxMp aca ):ein -do 
6eile cimte^Ll Ui-oiiie An to6|\v\inn. 

" 5^«Aif exif IxiTDij^e An \.66i[\A\nn \\6\me, Aguf t1i "be^f tia 
cortinAit)e 50 pAinig 1 n^ifvinn, Aguf CAini^ |\6irhe gtif An <)5 
mt)inn t)ui|At), AgtJf CAimg ^uf An nun 1 n-A |\Aiti) t)o|\t> riA 
t)itine t3tii|\be. Agtif btiAileAf beim bAfCjUMnn '^^An X)o\\aic, 
Agiif -o' iAf|\ pof CAilc. D'pi^Fftiig An *D6i|\feoi|\ cic\ a fiAib e 
pern, tlo innif feifeAn 5ti|u\b e pein niAC j^ioj tu\ liltToiA, 
Agup 'OAlCxv Jfu^gAig nA "^Aic-^mnne, A<5tif gUjAAb ^5 MfijiAit) 70 
lAf a6ca An IdCfVAinn a]\ -^]\uA-^At nA l)inne t)ui-f\be 'oo bi fe ; 
Aguf muriA bpuijeAt) a\\ Aif e, 50 mbAitipeAt) AtriAC 1 lof CAtA 
no corhlAinn e. Iaja n-A clof f^n no 'n "ObifAfeoif, A-oubAijAC 
nAC ■QCAinig CAf\ beAl "OAonnA ahiaC fiAin c6rh|\At) bA "oiteill- 
it)e 'nA A\\ 6An fe. 1a|\ n-A clof fin "00 triAC jiioj nA bln-oiA, 75, 

•00 feAf5A*6 50 blOniAfCAC e, Agtlf -oo tO^ CAfftAt) A"DbAL- 

rhOfA cloiCe "oo bi 1 n-'oo|\Af An •oOnAit), A^uf tug fogA An 
U|\6Aif\ Af\ An gcorhlA, 50 n^oeAtinA fe blA'OcfACA beAgAbuAin- 
|\eAbCA X)1. 

" An CAn "OO CuaIa t)of b nA t3inne t)tnf be \']n, tuj ^ifje ^q. 
•oeAg-tApAi-o x)eAg-lAO(icA f Ai|\, Agiif 5AbAf Af m Agiif e\'oeA'6 
CACA Aguf cottilAinn tiime ; Aguf cei*o 1 gcoinne A^uf 1 
5C(5iri"6Ail mic jm'oj nA blnx)iA. Aguf "00 finneADAjA corhjAAC 
CfieAn cinneAfnA(^ niAX)CA nAirfroeAitiAiL CfeAfbofb meAf 
mi(ieillit)e fe 6e^le, Oif bA bAff aCcaC An lof 5A1I, Agtif bA gg. 
cufAUA An corhfAC, Aguf bA •ooi-ffeAfCALcA An •oeAbAit) 
CACOftA leAU Af\ leit. Aguf -oob i cfio6 An ^.orhfAic, 50 
*ocu5 t)of b nA t)inne buifbe a (iul X)o rriAC fiog nA bln'OiA, 
Aguf "00 b' All leif "ouL 1 gcoinne An lOCfAmn, lonnAf 50 


of the women he did not stop till he reached Scythia. And 
when he saw Beibheann, he filled with love and lasting affec- 
tion for her, and she loved him likewise ; and the younger 
daughter, Beadhchrotha, likewise gave him a great heavy- 
loving deluge, and an ever-immense stream of love, so that 
they hated and were jealous of one another about the Knight 
of the Lantern. 

" The Knight of the Lantern goes straight on, and made 
no stop till he arrived in Ireland. And he came straight to 
Benburb, and came to the fort where was Borb of Benburb. 
And he strikes a blow of the knocker on the door, and asks 
for it to be opened. The doorkeeper asked who he was. 
He told that he was son of the King of India and foster of the 
Champion of Gascony, and that he was asking for a loan of 
the lantern of the Champion of Benburb ; and that unless he 
got it with his will, he would seize it by the strength of battle 
or of combat. When the doorkeeper heard that, he said that 
never came out through human mouth talk more senseless than 
that which he spoke. When the son of the King of India 
heard that he became very angry, and he lifted an immense 
pillar of stone that was in the door of the fort, and took a 
choice of a blow on the door-valve, so that he made little 
utterly-ruined fragments of it. 

" When Borb of Benburb heard that, he arose courageously 
and heroically, and takes arms and trappings of battle and 
combat upon him, and he comes to meet and join the son of 
the King of India. And they made a strong, valiant, hostile, 
foe-like, warlike, rough, active, mad combat together, for 
powerful was the fighting, and heroic was the combat, and 
destructive the routing between them, side to side. And the 
end of the combat was that Borb of Benburb gave his back to 
the son of the King of India, and he wished to go to the lantern. 

54 GACCRA An rhAt)RA rhAoH 

fvioj rix^ tiltroM Av\ Ce^L^ fin, Aguf tug fi'oe fx^nncx^C fol^rhAt 
Agtif |:^fCx^t!) poijACil peit)Tn-l^i'Oi|A y:A\\<, Aguf bUAMle^^f i gCAoL 
ViA coln^\ '^'S^V 1 iTieA'Oon pe^tti^tA An iriumeil e, lonn^f -^u\\ 
X)A^r[ A teA^^r^ A^uf a to\meAti heACA 'oe. Agtif ceiT) 6um 
-An •ouin, x^guf pLMi|\ x\n t66|i-Ann a\< \.AyAt> .Ann, -Aguf tug leif 95 
e. Aguf If o'n lo6fix\nn fin a nAinmnijceAf 6 fin i leit. 

" lomtuf A n,A mbAn, e-A-Qon cl-Ann fioj nv\ Scicm, "OO t)T 
^uAt Agtif fif-rhiofc^Mf x^Cx^ fein "o' a gceile i "DcnnCe-All 
Ui'oife AVi totfi-Ainn, lonntjf ^tif 6uif ay\ injex^n f-A fine "oiot) 
(eA\'06n t)eiti)eAnn) fu^in-ftfeAcc Xi\{Ao\t>eAtJZA ^f\ t)ex^t)(^|Aot-A, loo 
5Uf C111C fi 'n--A coif cim fu^in ^suf f lof-Co'OAlCA ; A^wy tug 
Alc-An fceine fcoicjeife "oo bi a\c\ ahiaC, x^5Uf -do t3u,Ail i 
n-io6cAf A bfonn i, guf fcoilc a fCiArh-Cofp 50 tiubAll a 
bfAjx^T). RAinig An fce^l turn av\ f 105, Aguf g^bAf tDeibe^nn, 
Agtif tug f A n*oeAfx.\ A ce^ngAl 50 "OAOf 'oocif a6 ; Aguf "oo jqj 
fA-ouigeAt) ceinnue Aguf ceAn-oitA 'n-A cimCeAll, Aguf -oo 
loifceA'o 1 bfiA-onuife n^ fluAig 1, mAi^ t)o tuill a mi- 
gniotriAftA fein "Oi e, 50 n'oe^fnAt) mion-luAic "oi. 

*"OaIa "Ri*oife AVi\.6t\<A^^^^^, gluAife^f foime 50 "ocAinig "Oo 
'n ScitiA, Aguf ce-Ann Ouifb r\A t)inne t)uif be leif. Aguf uq 
mAf tuAlA bAf nA mbAn fin, bA *oubA6 "oobfonAC Aguf bA 
ctiiff eA6 CfiAttiuineAC "oe fin e, Aguf ni t)eAf nA coninui'6e \A^^ 

ScitiA 6 fin AITIAC. AgUf If 1AT) fin nA fCeAlA fO flAffUljlf 

•oiom," Af An ttlA'Df A IDaoI. 

'' t)eif buAix) Aguf beAiinAtCAin " a\\ Sif l)AlbUAit) ; " if 116 
tnilif-bfeACfAC An c6rhfA'^> pn "oo 6AnAf "OAin." 


so that his strength and his might might come to him again. 
The son of the King of India understands that trick, and gave 
an eager dexterous leap and a powerful mighty squeezing on 
him, and strikes him in the narrow part of his body and the 
thick middle of his neck, so that he severed his head and his 
tenure of life from him. And he comes to the fort, 
and found the lantern burning there, and brought it with 
him. And it is from that lantern that he is named from that 

"As for the women, the children of the King of Scythia, 
they hated and were jealous of one another about the Knight 
of the Lantern, so that the daughter who was oldest of them 
(Beibheann) put a sleep-spell of druidry on Beadhchrotha, 
so that she fell in a stupor of sleep and long slumber ; and she 
took out the blade of a sharp-pointed knife that she had, and 
struck her in the lower part of her breast, so that she split her 
fair body to the apple of her throat. The story reached the 
king, and he takes Beibheann and ordered her to be bound 
hard and grievously ; and fires and brands were lit around 
her, and she was burnt in the presence of the host, as her evil 
deeds earned it for her, so that fine ashes were made of her. 

" As for the Knight of the Lantern, he goes forward till he 
reached Scythia, and the head of Borb of Benburb with him. 
And when he heard of the death of those women he was 
grieved and sorrowful, weary and mournful from that, and he 
made no stay in Scythia from that out. And those are the 
tales thou didst ask of me," said the Crop-eared Dog. 

"Victory and blessing be thine," said Sir Galahad. 
*' Sweet-spoken is that talk thou hast recited to me.'' 

56 e^CcriA ^n rtiA'onA riiAoit 


tlo pA5x^'Dx^f\ An Gijipc ixx|\ fin, A-^uy ionnfuit:)e-AT)^\|A An 
Ions 6 'n gcuAti Amx^6, no 50 "oza^^Ia 1 n-oile^n ^l^inn longxxn- 
t:a6 f Mt) ; xxguf f\o pi^pfiuig Si]a t)-Alt!)t)xMt) " Cm xin c-oile-dn 
fin ? 

" Oile^n n-A Soilfe <^n c-oile^n fo " a\\ An ITl^'Of ^ TTIaoI, » 
*' x^guf ni fx^oilim-f e ^on f ocx^l "oo f ce^l^it) Ui-oifie An 
t6CfxMnn -o' f-Ag-dil Ann." 

"Oo Ctiiffe-A"0 cuAifC An oileAin fin TuotJCA ; Aguf "oo 
gtiiAif fiAT) o 6uAn Aguf 6 CAlAt> Arr\A6 50 ce^nn Cfi Ia A^uf 
ceofA oi-06e, n6 50 "ocAftA 1 n-oile^n eile fiA-o, Aguj fo 10 
fiAfftnj Sif t)AltDUAit) " CiA An c-oile^n fin ? " 

" An cOite-An 'Out) if Ainm "OO 'n oile^n fo " a\\ An ^^^AX)^A 
ITlAot/' A^uf Oile^n n^ 5r^i"^ Ainm eile "oo bi f Aif. Aguf if 6 
AiiXyAi^K f Af C115A-6 Oile^n n^ 5feine fAif , triAf if Of a 6eAnn 
•00 ^ifjeAt) An jfiAn foirhe fo. Aguf if uime ^oifce^f An 15 
cOile^n T)ut) -oe ; eA-oon fiDife bA cige^fnA f Aif , Aguf 
tAinig K.i'oif e An 166^ Ainn -oo'n oileAn, A5;tif "Oo Corhf aici$ f 6 
pein Aguf 5l^w^5^^ ^^ OileAin fe Ceile, Aguf ctnceAf An 
5f UAgAC Le 111*01116 An tdcf Ainn 1 bpoifcionn An Coirif aic ; 
Aguf niOf\ eifig An jfiAn dii^ a CeAnn o fm 1 leit. Aguf aca 20 
UAirh 1 leit-imeAll An oileAin-fe, Aguf An UAirh "OeAivg a 
tiAinm ; Aguf An CAn a tig Ui^oife ^n totf Ainn -oo 'n oileAn 
fO, If Ann A 6orhnuit)eAf. Aguf fA(iA"o inife 1 t)folA6 'fAn 
uAirh, Aguf nntig-fe 6utn An T)uin ; Aguf aca UiX)ife An 
ICCf Ainn Ann. ITlAf tifit) fe tu-fA 1 X)' AonAf, ciocf Ait) fe 25 
r6in Aguf 5f ^^5*^<^ ^^ tilnneifit) "oo Con'if ac ffic ; Aguf iriA 
t)eifim-fe foff a, •oioglAit) m6 mo iriAflA Agtif m' AnfOflAnn 



They left Egypt after that, and came to the ship [and sailed 
it] out from the harbour till they came on a beautiful wonderful 
island, and Sir Galahad asked, " What is that island ? '' 

'The Island of Light is this island," said the Crop-eared 
Dog, '• and 1 do not expect to get a word of news of the 
Knight of the Lantern there." 

They put away visiting that island from them, and went 
out from the port and the harbour to the end of three days 
and three nights, till they reached another island, and Sir 
Galahad asked, " What is that island ? " 

•' The Black Island is the name of this island,'' said 
the Crop-eared Dog, " and the Island of the Sun is 
another name that was on it. And this is the reason why it 
was called the Island of the Sun, as it is above it the sun used 
to rise formerly. And this is the reason why it is called the 
Black Island : a knight was lord over it, and the Knight of the 
Lantern came to the island, and he and the Champion of the 
Island fought together, and the Champion falls before the 
Knight of the Lantern at the end of the combat ; and the sun 
never rose above it from that out. And there is a cave in the 
border of the island, and its name is the Red Cave ; and 
when the Knight of the Lantern comes to this island it is there 
he stays. And I will go secretly into the cave, and depart 
thou to the fort ; and the Knight of the Lantern is there. 
When he shall see thee alone he and the Champion of 
Inneireadh will come to fight with thee, and if I come upon 
them, I will repay them the despite and violence I have 

58 GACcnA Ati rirAT)tiA rriAOit 

lotntuf^ lxi*oi|ie ^n totfxMnn, "oo t)i fe pein Aguf -An 
5t^u^5^<i ^\t^ puinneog An 5fiu\nAin ^5 eifce^Cc pf\if An gceiLg 30 
fin -o'a -oeAnAtn Ag An tnA-OjiA TTIaoI Agtip A5 Si]\ t)ALt)UAiT:) : 
A^tip A-out)Aif\c 50 n"oeAnpA"t) pein ceAlg eile 'n-A tiAgAiT!) — 
" OifA ACAiT) ceit|\e pleAfCA pionnAitisi-o AgAtn-pA, "oo t)AineAp 
•DO 5f^i^5'<'^^ ^'"i OiLeAHi A|A imi|\c, Aguf gibe neAC po a fAit- 
pit)eA|i 'n-A cimceAll iaT) beit) 'n-A Co'dIax) peAX) ceit|ie uaij^ 35 
piCe. Aguf |\ACAm mAf a ti)puil An TTlA'otiA IIIaoL 'fAn UAirh, 
Aguf cuifpeAm nA pleAfCA 'n-A timCeAll, Aguf coi'oeolAi'6 
'f-An gceilg, Aguf x)unpAtn An uAitii pAin; Agup mA|\t)pAtn Si|a 

t3Alt)UAlt) lAfl n-A pAgAll 'n-A AOnAf." 

1a]a fin tAn5AT)Af Cum nA riuArhA Aguf cuijiit) An TTlA'DfA 40 
triAol 'n-A toifCim fUAin Agiif fiof-6o'OAtcA, A^uf "00 "Oiin 
fiAT) An tiAirti f Aif : Aguf buAiliT) 1 ^coinne Agtif i 5C(3mt)Ail 

Sif t)Alt)UAlt) Agtlf "OO t)1'6eA"OA|\ A5 A (ioltlCUAflSAin 1 leit A 

6uil Aguf [a] AgAit) 1 n-AoinfeA6c. 


ACc ACA ni'6 6eAnA, ni t)6it) a lAb|\Af An eACct^A nit)-fA 
[tri6], a6c T)o'n fig Afcuf, (eA-bdn tlig An "OortiAin) Aguf x)'a 
"OfeAm. Cif niof fAirheAC teo 61 n6 AOibneAf, ceol, cuit)- 
eA6cA, no onoif, -d'a n-oeAnA-O f iat), Agtif jAn Sif tJAlbuAi-b, 
nO fceAlA uAit), T)o t)eit aca. Aguf lAf "oceACc nA bliAt)nA 5 
uile, *oo finneAt) cotriAifle leo -out "oo tAifceAl An 'oorhAin no 
50 bf Liigi'oif Sif t)AlbUAit), n6 f c6aIa uait). 

t)o cfioCnuigeAt) An CottiAifte fin leo, guf imtigeA'OAf 
•oeic longA lutCTtiAfA lAn-rhCfA, Aguf t)o cuifeAt) Cfi 
cionnCAife luinge lonncA, eA"6Cn biA"6 1 n-iotiAX) a CAitttie, 10 
Afm 1 n-ionA*o -bibeAfCA, Aguf 6f 1 n-ionAT) a |:)fonnCA. 
Aguf if IAT) fo nA lAoCfAt) "DO 6tiAit) A\\ An loingeAf fin : 


As for the Knight of the Lantern, he and the Champion 
were at the window of the summer-house listening to that plot 
being made by the Crop-eared Dog and Sir Galahad ; and he 
said that he himself would make another plot against it ; " for I 
have four rods of pure silver that I took from the Champion of 
the Island in play, and whoso he be round whom they are laid 
will be in a sleep for twenty-four hours. And we will go where 
the Crop-eared Dog is in the cave, and will put the rods around 
him, and he will sleep by the trick, and we v/ill shut the 
cave upon him ; and we will kill Sir Galahad after he is left 

After that they came to the cave and put the Crop-eared 
Dog in a stupor of " sleep and lasting slumber, and they shut 
the cave on him ; and off with them to meet and join Sir 
Galahad, and they were smiting him together behind and 
before at the same time. 


However, it is not of them the story speaks further, 
but of King Arthur (the King of the World) and of 
his people. For no joy had they in drinking or pleasuring, 
music, company, or honour, of what they used to do, without 
having Sir Galahad, or news of him. And when a full year 
was gone, they took counsel to go to search the world until 
they should find Sir Galahad, or news of him. 

That counsel was resolved upon by them, so that ten capa- 
cious full-sized ships departed, and three requisites of a 
ship were put in them — food for eating, arms for expelling, 
and gold for bestowing. And these are the warriors who went 
on that expedition — Sir Lancelot, Sir Galfas, Sir Libnil, and 

6o GACCUxX An rtlADRA ttlAOll 

eA"66n Sip txirhfoL^f, Si|a 5^^F^rj SifA Ubnil, ^gtip Sip t3ol)Uf , 
An Ui-oipe "^eAl m^c piog pp^innce, ^Agup x^n Hi-oipe *Out3 tn^c 
piog riA jCaoIac. ACc 50 'oeirhin -oo t:)i'6e^'OAp pe<\6c 15 
5c6xM) piT)ipe 1 ng^t luing T)iot5. 

Agup gliuMpit) pomp^ ^p ttiiiip Agup Ap tri6p-pAipp5e ; x^5tlp 
ni liAicpipce^p A n-e-A6tp-A no a n-imtCACcxN 1 115^^6 con^Mp Ap 

gAt) pMT) A\\ top5 Sip iD^Lt^UxMt) xN^tip AU XY\a'0\\A ttl^Oll, TlO 

gup 5At)AT)Ap cu^n Aguf Cx\l^t)popc 1 n-Aoin^exxCc Agup 1 20 
n-Aon-uxMp ^rh^in 'yAn oile^n pin 1 n-^ p^iti An tTI^'op^ 
ITlAiol 'n-x.\ piMn, Cu\ ruMip A^uy ca\\ t)U"6 ti^tn-pxA, a6z Ati 
uAip *oo ti)i Sip D^xlbuxMt) *x5up Tli*Dipe ^n toCp^inn 1 •ocex^p 
An compile ! Agtip po Aitin Sip "L^rhpolAp coigeAD^l 6lAi'0irh 
xxipTD-piog An -oorhAin "oo tDi ^5 Sip iDAlbuAit). CAnsA-o^p a\\ 25 
AtY\Ay An 6om\\A^c : pe^C^p K.i*oipe An totp^inn pe^CAT) "oe, 
Agup 'OO Conn^ipc n^ -opongA 'ouAnA 'oC-Aiprhige T)'Aionnpuit)e, 
gup Aicin gup "d'a e-ApCApAiT) ^AX). -Agup eipge^p X)'eice-All 
eineAfhAiL 1 ne^UAit!) nitrie ^gup 1 t)ppitit) n^ piopmAitneince 
Agup pAgAp An "^iKUA^At 'n-A Aon^p Ag Sip t)Alt)UAit). 30 

1TleAT)uigeAp me-ATitriA Sip t)Alt)UAit) "oe pin, Agup "oo g^b 
Ag cuApgAin .Agup Ag cpein-leADpAt) An ^puAgAig, gup 
cop6pA"6 leip pA -oeoit) e. 

"OeApcAp Sip t>Att)UAi"6 peA^AT) "oe. go bpACA nA piT)ipi"6e 
mumncBAp'OA pin "d'a ionnpui"6e, Agup peApAp piop6Aoin ^^ 
pAilce ppiu, Agup coipti)peAp •00 pogAib go 'oiL Agup go X)io6pA 
lAT), Agup 'j;AtrA\' At>t)A]\ A n-GA^cpA ^gup A n-iiTiteACcA, Agup 
pceAtcA pTog An "00111 Ain Agup a teAglAig, Agup An "DuipT) 
Cpuinn "Oioli. <Vgup nmipix) gupAb "o'a lopgAipeACcAin 
CAngADAp AniA6 : Agup *oo innipeAtiAp a n-eA6cpA Agup a ^0 
n-imteA6cA "o'a 6eile, Agup 6uAT)Ap triAp a pAib An ITlA'opA 
ITIvXol 'n-A 6o-olA-6, Agup pu.\pA"OAp An UAirh "ouncA pAip, Agup 
nA pleApcA 'n-A titnteALl. Agup -oo t)uipigeAT)Ap Ay a 
puAn e. 

peApAp An ITlA-opA ITIaoI piopCAom pAilce pA nA pi-oipi^Oiti, 45 


Sir Bobus ; the White Knight, son of the King of France, 
and the Black Knight, son of the King of the Caolachs. 
But, indeed, there were seven hundred knights in each 

And they go straight on the sea and on the ocean ; and 
their story or their adventures are not related in every vva}- 
they took on the track of Sir Galahad and the Crop-eared Dog, 
till they took port and haven at the same time and the same 
hour in the island where was the Crop-eared Dog asleep. 
What time and moment did they come, but just when Sir 
Galahad and the Knight of the Lantern were in the heat of the 
battle ! and Sir Lancelot recognised the music of the sword of 
the High-king of the World that Sir Galahad had. They came 
towards the battle. The Knight of the Lantern looks aside, 
and saw the swift countless hosts approaching him, so that he 
recognised that they belonged to his enemy. And he rises with 
a bird-like flight in the clouds of heaven and the expanse of 
the firmament, and leaves the Champion alone with Sir 

The spirits of Sir Galahad rise high thereat, and he took 
to smiting and strongly beating the Champion, so that at last 
he was slain by him. 

Sir Galahad looks aside and saw those familiar knights 
approaching them and gives them a hearty welcome, and 
offers them kisses lovingly and vehemently, and asks the cause 
of their adventure and journey, and news of the King of the 
World and his household, and of the Round Table. And they 
tell that it is on tracking him they came out ; and they related 
their adventures and journeys to one another, and went 
where was the Crop-eared Dog asleep, and found the cave shut 
on him and the rods around him. And they woke him from 
his sleep. 

The Crop-eared Dog gives a hearty welcome to the 

62 gaCcua An rhAT)UA rriAoil 

^\5Uf T)'|:u\pf\ui5 f ce^\U\ -An |\io5 A|acui|a T)iot). A^'Dut^|AA•Dv\|l-f An 
50 fAiti) f e f L^\ti, A.\cc A ]\Aiti) "do 6uitiA aM|\ 1 nDuxiX) Si|i l)Al1i)UAi"6 ' 
Agiif 5ii|\ T)\\ uxjAiAAit) *oo ti)it)ex\*o^\|\ pern gonuige fin. 

C^ot>z^A6z f\o innif Si^; l)x\lt3iu\it) "oo 'n tllA'OfA.^v TtlAOl gufv 
imtij 1liT)i|\e ^n t66|\A\inn uaix), -\5Uf giijA tuic ^^vn ^l^^^^'^S-^^^ ^^ 
teif, u\|\ n-A PA5.A1I 'n-A Aon^ip "60. UCg-Af A^\n THa'0|\a m^ot 
nA pleAfCA^ Annfin, -^s^V ^\'owt)Ai|\c gufi fCAjA ^ "DfAoi'oeAcc 
iiile ]\e KiDiive -si^ t,6C|u\inn o "oo f c^p nA pleAf ca fvip 

-Annfin A\T)ti5xM|AC n^ |\i'oifi"oe le Si|a t)Alt3UAr6 ^ t>ut leo ; 
.\5iif /I'otibxM-iic feifexAn nAC fCA-pfA-MJ |\if A^n ITIa'oiaa ITIaoI. 55 
'(^J;l1f X)o f\,Ai"o (\ui-f An pilleAT) 50 Ixij An 'OoniAm, Aguf 50 
f ACAt) pern |\e n-A compAnAC X)' iAfi|AAi"D tlix)i|\e An LoCfAAmn. 

CeileAli)1\Af An iriADfA ITIaoL AgtJf SIjA llAlbtlAlt) -DOlt) 1A|\ 

fin, Agiif fAgAiT) loinciomAifce beACA Agiif flAince Ag Afoile. 


lomcCif^A An tllADfA tilAoil Aguf Si|\ bAlbuAnJ, lonnfumi'D 
A tong, Agiif xyo t)i"6eA'DAf nAOi "OCfACA A|\ fOACfiAn niAfA 
Agiif moji-fAiffge. Aguf 1 gcionn nA |\e Aguf nA tiAitrifife 
fin, tAflA 1 n-oiLeAn AlAinn longAncAt fiAT), Agiif fiAff in^eAf 
Sif l3ALt)nAiX) Ainm nA CfiCe fin. 5 

•' Cfioc flA Sof CA An (^fioC-f A " Af An ITIaT)]! A tTlAOl, 
"Aguf fi nA Sof CA If CfiAt A^uf If cijeAfnA tiiffue ; Aguf 
|\ A^Atn 50 fig nA SofCA Anocc T)"feA(iAin An bfiiigimif Aon- 
focAl T)o fceAlAib lliT)iT\e An tocfAinn Aige." 

II0 moL Sif l)ALt)UAr6 An CottiAifle fin. "Do (*:tiAT)Af 10 
T)'ionnf iiit)e An rjiinAif). Aj^iif CvXinig fi nA SofCA 'n-A j^coinne 
Aguf 'n-A 5c6inT)Ail. A5;uf f eAf Af f iofCAoin f Alice ff ui ; oif T)0 
(ilof f ceAlA Sif bAlbiiAii) Agtif An filA'Df A TTIaoiL f a 'n -ooriiAin 


knights, and asked of them news of King Arthur. They 
said he was well, only what sorrow was on him after Sir 
Galahad ; and that it was seeking him they themselves were 
up till then. 

Howbeit Sir Galahad told the Crop-eared Dog that the 
Knight of the Lantern had gone from him, and that the 
Champion had fallen by him, after he was left alone. The 
Crop-eared Dog raises the rods and said that all his druidry 
was taken from the Knight of the Lantern since the rods were 
taken from him. 

Then the knights said to Sir Galahad that he should go 
with them ; and he said that he would not leave the Crop-eared 
Dog. And he said to them to return to the King of the 
World, and that he would go with his comrade to seek the 
Knight of the Lantern. 

The Crop-eared Dog and Sir Galahad bids them farewell 
after that, and they leave farewells of life and health with one 

As for the Crop-eared Dog and Sir Galahad, they approach 
their ship, and were nine days wandering on the sea and the 
ocean. And in the end of that space and time they came on 
a beautiful wonderful island and Sir Galahad asks the name 
of that land. 

" The land of Sorcha is this land," said the Crop-eared 
Dog, " and the King of Sorcha is chief and lord over it ; and 
we will go to the King of Sorcha to-night, to see if we will 
get one word of news of the Knight of the Lantern with him." 

Sir Galahad praised that counsel. They went to the dwelling, 
and the King of Sorcha came to meet and join them, and he 
gives them a hearty welcome ; for news of Sir Galahad and of 
the Crop-eared Dog were heard through the whole great world 

64 eACunA An rhA"otiA rfiAoil 

rh6f uile, ai[\ tneiT) ^ ng^Mt^it), ^uf ime^\5lui5e.\'o*\|i t^jte 
^5tjf f 6i-ti5e*.\f nxMt)e ^n T)oriTAin fomp^. UeiX)i-o 'fx\n •ounx\t) ^^ 
le^c ^|\ leit. Uo p|\e.\fc^\lxNt) x\5t>f |\o |?|\iotAile*\t) 
50 m<Mt ^MT oit)6e pn uat), Aciif t)o c6i]\i5ex\t) lOtn'^AM'Ce 
.\5;uf ^itA*o-lec\pc^\6^A "doib : ^vgwf 1)0 ctii|Aev\t) x.\|\ 6a\oi meij^ce 
^Aj;tif tne<\TUM|\ u\T) ; lontuvf 5tif\ joi'oe^M") ^\n in^\D|A^A m.\ol 6 
Sif\ l)^Alt)iu\it) <Mi oi'i^xie fiti. -0 

Agtif |\o ei|\i5 Si-p t)^\lt3iu\it) 1 moc tK\ nuM*one ^|\ ti-A.\ 

tiptUMf, "oo ciiv\f\'oui5 A\n *oiin "oo, a.\cc rii pu^Mfi ^on-^-oc^l X)'a 
fce^l^Mt). Aniifin "do 611^1*6 50 h^ijitn a |\v^iV) A^^ |ai xAjUf 
T)'iAff xMi TTlA^vofA TTIx^voL -p^ifi. At^tib^ijic An |\i ^^A6 1[\a)X) Aon- 25 
rocAl X)\\ YceAlA^V) ^150, Ajuf da mbeAt), 50 'oruitinAt) x)6- 
f An e. 

" Itiigitn-fe po m' A|\mAit) gAiftit),"' a]\ Sif lOAlbuAn!), "50 
jCAitpiX) cu A tAt)Ai|\c UA1C, .noT)() ccAnn Aguf^ T)o CoirheAT) 
beACA A\\ A fon." 30 

"If 5t6|\ oinrtiiT)e Agtif AniA-OAin A-oeiji cti,** Afi An |\i . 
" Aguf *OA rnbeAX) fceAl.v llTOipe An tocjAAinn no Art WtATj^xA 
ttlAoiL A^Am Anoif, ni ciubfAinn 'ouic-fe e." 

1a|\ 1^-a CLof pm •00 Si|A l)AlGtiAit), cug fi"6e fAnnc^C fo- 
lAttiCA Af\ An fig, A55iif T)o fmne cimeAC CfeApAilce CfUAt)- 35 
Cuittfijte "oe ; A^uf no^cAp a CLAi"6eAtii -o'a T)iceAnnAf). 

"Ha niAft) 5An (iionncA me," a]\ au |\i, " Ajuf -da tnbeAt) 

fCeAlA AV lil^V^DfA ttlAOll AJAUl 50 'DUIUbfAmn DUIC-fe 1AX) ; 

A5;uf 6 r\At tiftnl,, 50 'Dciut)|\Ai"0 me "do bfeit pein t)' (5f Ajuf 
•o' Aif geAT) T)uic, Aguf f Of "DO ti)eAff Alt) me m' ingeAn fein "^'^ 
mA\\, itinAoi A^Lif niAf bAinteile "duic, A^iif ni t)fuiL mAc fiog 
no f 6-flAtA 'f^^"* "OortiAn nAC bp ml a t)ion5mALA do rtinAOi 

ScAoileAf Sif bAlbuAit) "DO 'ti fij lAf fin, A^uf f nAit)meAij 
e f6in Aguf ingeAn fiog nA Sof Ca fe 6eile. A^uf "o' p uf aiI ah 45 
fi oijfe X)0 "O^AnAm a\\ CfioCAit) ua Sof Ca t)e ; Agtif x)o "oiulc 


for the greatness of their valour, so that they terrified the 
kings and great lords before them. They come into the 
dwelling side by side. They were served and attended well 
that night, and beds and high couches were prepared for them, 
and they were put in the way of intoxication and festivity, so 
that the Crop-eared Dog was stolen from Sir Galahad that 

And Sir Galahad arose in early morn on the morrow, and 
found not the Crop-eared Dog with him ; and when he found 
him not, he searched the fort for him, but found not a word of 
news of him. Then he went to the place where was the king, 
and asked him for the Crop-eared Dog. The King said that 
he had not a word of news of him ; and if he had, that he would 
give it him. 

" I swear by my arms of valour," said Sir Galahad, "that 
thou must give him up, or thy head and thy preservation of 
life for him." 

" Words of a simpleton and of a fool thou speakest," said 
the king ; '•' and had I news of the Knight of the Lantern or 
of the Crop-eared Dog now, I would not give it thee." 

When Sir Galahad heard that he gave an eager dexterous 
leap towards the king, and made a bound hard-fettered prisoner 
of him ; and he bares his sword to' behead him. 

" Do not slay me without a fault," said the king, " and had 
I news of the Crop-eared Dog I would give it thee. And 
since I have not, I will give thee thine own terms of gold and 
silver, and further, I will give thee my own daughter as wife 
and as a spouse, and there is not a king's or prince's son in 
the world for whom she is not a fitting wife." 

Sir Galahad loosens the king after that, and he and the 
daughter of the King of Sorcha were married. The king 
offered to make him heir apparent of Sorcha ; and he 

66 GACcnA AW rhAT)nA rhAoit 

feife^n fin, m^fi -oo bi Cjiiot^ to6lAinn p^ n-^ 6otri<Mf\ fein, 
(Ci|i T)0 t)' e Sif t)^lt)iiAit:) rriAC xxip-o-piog LotlxMnn, -oo X)\ 'n-^ 

•6x^lCA 5-Alf 611!) .\5 AU fig ^fCUf). 

A6c teAViA 'o'pxMi Sif 'bx^lt)u^1•6 f e^l ci-An x^guf xMirif e^f 50 
fATJA -Afhl-Ait) fin, A^uf ^A bfonAt ciAn-cuiffe*iC e "oo 6um*i 
Ar[ Thxi'Ofxi itl^oil. 


Atz \.A n-x\on X)^a niDe^CxMt) fe ^f f^itCe ^n "otinxxit) 
xMTix^t, -o' fexA6 fe nA ceitfe li^ifoe 'n-^ tiin(ieAll, xiguf 'oo 
ConnAfC fe *^n inx\T)f^ ITl^ol Ctnge 5-ACA n*oifeAC, Aguf 
tli-Dife xin toCfAinn 'n-^ CimeA6 6fexAp^ilce 6fii^'6-6uit!)fi5te 
foirhe 'f^^ r^i5^' lonnfU1'6ex^f Sif t)x\lt>u^it) 'ti-A gcoinne 5 
^5iif 'n-^ gconrO-Ail, -Aguf C01f1^1fex^f ceofx^ pog-Ago -oil Aguf 
50 *oio6f^ "OO 'n Thx^•Df A lt)Aol, x^5t1f fin^ffuigex^f cfe^X) "Oo 
joiT) UAit) e. 

" At)l^c injexMi pe^f^tifA pinn, fiog n^ Scicm, -do joit) 
uxMC-fe me," x^f ^n ITlA'OfA TDaoI, "-Aguf *oo 6uif a\\ tAo\ 10 
tneifce ^gtif me^-bfuijce; -Agtif -do tm\\ fiu\in-t)fe*\(ir 
•Of AOi'0ex.\CcA 1 m' titri(ie^\ll, x\5Uf "oo f^oiLiinif [1] gcoiiinui'Oe 
5Uf At) A^AZ-X'A "OO t)i me : 50 "ocxSmig mo t\A\X A^5Uf mo 
Cuirhne -OAonn^ ^g^m, x^5Uf x^n CAn "oo "Ouifig me Af mo ftMn 
ixif n-xMmfif, ceiT) Abl^C t)xMti. tu5<\f fit)e f^nnc^C "oo mo 15 
Cfot) coifig innce, lonn-Af gtif leige^f a Y\AbAt A^uy a 
h\ox\wAtA\< xMfce 50 L^f. 

" Agiif Leigim Af f n^rh n<^ mx.\f a me," no 50 "oc^f Ia 1 
nOile^n ^^A t)einne tDfice me ; Agtif "oo tuige^f guf Compxin^t 
c6rh5-4\1fceA^6 -oo Ri-oife A\^ loCf Ainn C15ex^fnA au oile^in fin, 20 
(eA\x:)6n 5fUA5x\C ^^A l)einne tjfice). AXguf ceit)im *o' fe^C^Mnc 
-An tDfuijmn UiT)ife ^n toCfvMnn .^vnn ; ^gtif ni bp iu\f ^f ^nn 
Atz AV\ 5t^tio.5AC, A^tif m^fb^im e- 


refused that, as the land of Lochlann was waiting for him (for 
Sir Galahad was son of the High King of Lochlann, who 
was a foster in valour with King Arthur). 

However, Sir Galahad stayed a long time and a lengthy 
period thus, and he was mournful, long-weary with sorrow 
for the Crop-eared Dog. 


But one day when he went out on the lawn of the dwelling, 
he looked at the four quarters around him, and saw the Crop- 
eared Dog coming straight to him, with the Knight of the Lan- 
tern as a bound hard-fettered prisoner on the way. Sir Galahad 
approaches to meet and join them, and gives three 
kisses pleasantly and vehemently to the Crop-eared Dog, and 
asked what stole him from him. 

'' Abhlach, daughter of Fergus the White, King of Scythia, 
stole me from thee," said the Crop-eared Dog, "and put [us] 
in the way of intoxication and merriment ; and she put a sleep- 
spell of druidry about me, and we both thought that I was with 
thee : till my sense and human memory came to me, and when 
I woke from my sleep after a while, Abhlach comes to me. 
I gave an eager stroke of my fore paw to her, so that I poared 
her entrails and inwards out of her on the ground. 

" And I set myself to swim the sea, till I came to the Island 
of the Speckled Mountain : and I understood that the lord of 
that Island (the Champion of the Speckled Mountain), was a 
comrade in arms of the Knight of the Lantern. And I come 
to see if I would find the Knight of the Lantern there ; and I 
found the Champion only, and I kill him. 

68 eACruA An rhAT)nA rhAoit 

" Annfin leigim a\{ f n4rh mA|\A Aj^uf m6|\-pxMtA|\5e m6, A5 
pAg^il tnof^in imftiiorhA -AS^f -AnfAoig, 50 cex\nn fe^CclA Aguf 25 
f e^Cc n-oi'66e, ^au cattlAt) 5-An f u^\iitine^f ^6c be^^^n T)o 'ti 
01*666 A^ 6A\y^A^■^ 6eAnr[--^A^\X) clo6 ; 50 •oc-A|\1^ 1 nOile.An ^n 
"^leAnnA "Otiit) me. in^ft)Aim gjiu^^At An oile^in fin. 

" A^tif lei^itn A\\ fti-Atri n^ tYixi|ix.\ tne 50 'oca|\1-a 1 nOileAti 
DA tn<\nx^6 totnno6c6x\ tne ; A^uy ip Annfin "o'fojlAim Tli'Dtjie 30 
An X.6t\\A]nn a t>^AO]'6eA6r a\\ •ociif. Ajuf X)a "OAoine 'oifcife 
'Dexif5-lonino6ctx\ ixxt), oif ni goiltit) 5^06 no f u^Cc, SfiAn n6 
f eA|\6Ain Off A. Cortif Aicijim-f e -Agiif mt) f em f e 6eile ; 
Ajuf 5tif l1onrhx^f a ^curhAtr, a n'OfAoi'6eA6c, -A^uf a 
nx)^AX)lA^^6eA6z, vo tuic-fe uile liom. 35 

" p^gxMm An c-oite^n fin, ^gtif lei^itn ^f fiubx^l tn^f a 
Aguf tn6f-fAiff5e me 50 ce^nn Cfi l^ Aguf ceofx\ oit)6e, *\5 
f Aj^il imfniortiA Aguf x\nfoi5 moif, 50 "oc^fl^ 1 nOile^\n n^ 
tn^ft) me : -Aguf if uime goifce^f Oile^n nA ITlAft) "oe, e*\t)0n 
fif Ajtjf mnA An "oorhAin "oo Coi-oeolAt) Ann, 'oogeobt Af mA^t> 40 
lAT) Af A ti-Aicle ; a6c nA mnA AicfeAbAf Ann "oo ^feAf, ni 
•beAncAf uf 6f A no 'oio5t!)Ail a\\ bit "6615, 6 rheit) a nT)f Aoit)- • 
oaCca Agiif A n'OiAbtAi'beACcA. Aguf jAbAim-fe A5 fiut>Al 
An oileAin, n6 50 "ocAflA An UAirh 1 n-A lui j^eAx!) nA mnA "bAm, 
Agtif "DO X)^ Tli'oif e An l6Cf Ainn 1 n-A t)fo6Aif : Agiif "oo motuig 45. 
fe mife, Aguf ceiCeAf fotriAm 1 nT)eilti) leottiAin ; Aguf 
5Ati)Aim-fe "oo 'n CAOib eile n-A tottiAif , Aguf beifim f Aif Agtif 
ceAnjlAim Aguf cfUAt)-6iiibfi5im 50 -OAOf 'oioCfAC e. Aguf 
ceit)im If ceA6 'f^^^"" «Aim a f Aib nA mnA, Agtif niAfbAim iat) 
tiile. 50 

" Agiif lAf "oceACc AmAC t)Arin-f a, c6it) Ui-oife An LoCfAinn 
1 n-A 6fu6 fein, A^uf fo AgAif a jaoI Aguf a pAtfC ofm-fA, 
Aguf f o jAb mo totriAif ce f a ^An a rriAfbAt). Aj^uf •00 geAll 
50 gcuiffeAt!) 1 mo Cfut f6in Afif m6, Aguf 50 nx)eAnf at!) mo 
toil 50 foifCeAnn a fe Aguf a fAogAil; Aguf f6f 50 gcditti- 55 
lionfAt) An bfiAtAf tug mife T)' injm tlioj nA neigipce, 50 


" Then I set myself to swimming the sea and the ocean, 
getting much fatigue and hardship, to the end of seven days 
and seven nights, without sleep or slumber save a little by 
night on a rough-headed rock of stones, till I came to the 
Island of the Black Valley. I kill the champion of that 

*'And I set myself to swim the sea till I came to the Island of 
the Naked Monks ; and there the Knight of the Lantern learned 
his druidry at first. And rough stark naked people were they, 
for neither wind nor cold, sun or rain troubles them. I and 
they fight together, and though full their might, their druidry, 
and their devilry, they all fell before me. 

"' I leave that island and advance on the sea and ocean to 
the end of three days and three nights, getting fatigue and 
much hardship till I came to the Isle of the Dead. And for this 
reason is it called the Isle of the Dead : the men and women of 
the world who should sleep there will be found dead thereafter ; 
but the women who live there usually, neither want nor damage 
is done them at all from the greatness of their druidry and 
devilry. And I take to walking the island till I reached the 
cave where the women use to lie. And the Knight of the 
Lantern was with them ; and he perceived me, and flees before 
me in the form of a lion ; and I take the other side over 
against him, and seize him, and bind and fetter him hard and 
fast. And I come inside into the cave where were the women, 
and kill them all. 

"And after I come out, the Knight of the Lantern comes 
in his proper form, and pleaded his relationship and kinship 
with me, and besought my clemency not to slay him. And he 
promised to put me in my proper shape again, and to do my 
will till the end of his time and his life ; and further, that he 
would fulfil the word I gave to the daughter of the King of 

70 gaCura An rriAT)UA rhAoit 

x\^t mbiA'6 A \\AtAx^\<^t "oo trlnx^ol ^ige 50 poijACe-Ann x\ be^it^. 
Aguf tixiifcnn-fe fin ^ij^: ^Aguf tug fe 5|\Mn Agup e*\fCA ^^uf 
ti-A riuile "Quite -A|\ CeAtiA le fin 'do CoirhlionAt)." 


T)o CiiAT)^|\ ^f A ti<L\itle fin 50 "oun fiog n^ Sof6x\, ^suf 
fex\fx\f AW fi f^ilce ffif ^n ITIx^-oiaa TTIaoI. "Oo f|AeAfCAl^"6 
Aguf "oo ffioc^ilexxt) 50 nixMC x\n oi"66e fin iat). 'O'eifjeA'OAf 
1 tno6 nA tn^i'one ^f n-A mt)x.\fxiC, xiguf ce1lex^t^f^f fiA"o T)o 'n 
fig ^5tif "oo 'n cex^5l-A6 tiile, x^5Uf tug Sif t)Alt)u^it) inje^n 5 
II105 nA Sof Oa m^f rim^oi xiguf mx^f b^Mn^eile leif. Aguf -o' 
fUfAil -An fi oigfe "OO "DeAnAtri -oo Sif 'bAlbuAit) x\f 6fio6 n^ 
Sof c-A ; x^5t1f A*out)x.\ipc Sif 'Ox^lt^tlAM•0 wAt ngeobAt) f e fin, 6if 
50 f Alt) CfioC-A loctxMnn fx\ n-A 6orhAif fein. 

pAgAiT) lomCorhxMfce Xi^At^ ^5Uf fl^ince ^5 An fig, Aguf 10 
gltuMfix) f ompA ; Aguf ni -deAfnfAT) c6mntiit)e 50 f AnjA'OAf 
5Uf An T)un T)iArhAif, mAilte [feJbfiACAf An lilA-OfA TIIaoiI t)o 
6oniAtt -o'lngin fioj nA lieigipce. 

Aguf tAini5 Af fin 50 riOiteAn An CfOCA ; Aguf if unne 
joifteAf OiteAn An CfotA "oe, eA-^on 5AC neAC CAifceAlAf ^^ 
6 •oogeit) fiAT) buAi-b cfotA A^Lif -oeittje Ann ; eA-6on oiteAn 
•oo t)i 1 n*oiArriAif T)f Aoit)eACcA, Aguf nAfb' eoL "o'Aoin-neAC 
\ax\ •QotriAn 6 a6c lli'oif e An toCf Ainn. 

Agtif "OO 6iiif Ui'oife AW l-oCf Ainn An tTlA'Of a TTIaoI 1 n-A 
Cftit fein Ann, 50 nAC f Aib 6 tufjAbAit gfeine 50 finnneA-b ^^ 
neiU, 'otiine -oo b'feAff -oeAlt), -oeAnAtri. inneAll, Aguf 
eAgcof c 'nA e. 

Aguf lAf fin j^luAifiT) fompA 50 "oun aw IIaUa "Oeif^; 
Ajuf feAf Af Hi An "OottiAin Aguf a teAglAC uile f Aitce ffiA 

Sif t)AtbUAlt) Agllf fflf An tTlAT)f A TTIaoI. AjjUf COIfblfeAf 25 

tli An "OorhAin -oo pogAib 50 "oiL Aguf 50 ■oioCfA iat). InnifiT) 
A n-eA6cf A Aguf a n-nnteACuA Annfin 1 t)fiAt)nAife An fiog 


Egypt, that he would never have another wife but her to the 
end of his life. And I bind that upon him, and he called sun, 
moon, and every creature at large to witness his fulfilment 


They went after that to the fort of the King ofSorcha, and the 
king welcomes the Crop-eared Dog. They were well served 
and attended that night: They arose early in the morning on 
the morrow, and bid farewell to the king and the whole house- 
hold, and Sir Galahad took the daughter of the King of Sorcha 
as wife and spouse with him. And the king offered to 
make Sir Galahad his-heir over the land of Sorcha: and Sir 
Galahad said that he would not accept that, for the coasts of 
Lochlann were awaiting him. 

They leave farewells of life and health with the king, and 
go straight forward ; and made no stay till they reached the 
Obscure Fort, because of fulfilling the word of the Crop-eared 
Dog to the daughter of the King of Egypt. 

And they came thence to the Isle of Shape : and for this 
reason it is called the Isle of Shape — everyone who frequents 
it gets excellence of shape and form there. It was an island 
that was in a darkness of druidry, and not a person in the 
world knew of it save the Knight of the Lantern. 

And there the Knight of the Lantern put the Crop-eared 
Dog into his own shape, so that there was not from the rising 
of the sun to the setting of the cloud one better in form, figure, 
trappings, and appearance than he. 

After that they go straight to the Fort of the Red Hall, 
and the King of the World and all his household welcomes Sir 
Galahad and the Crop-eared Dog. And the King of the World 
gives them kisses lovingly and vehemently. They relate their 
adventures and their journeys then before the king and the 

72 eACcRA xxn rhAT)nA rhAOit 

|\6inpA. Aguf T)' frxMiAT)^!! fe^l cmti ^^uf -AimfeAf\ jta'O-a 
Antifin 1 t)|:o6xM|A -An piog -Aguf x\ texxgl^Mj ; x\5tjf ^A\y fin 80 
ceileAbiixif ,An 1n-<^'D|Ax^ lTI^\ol — "o'a n50i|\te-A|A ><XU\fC|AAnn 
longAncxicb — -Aguf tli'oife An toCf Ainn -oo 'n fiij ^guf •do 'n 
ce-Agl^t, ^5Uf p,A5AiT) iomCorhxM|Ace X)eAtA xxjuf flxSince 
,^5 Tvig An "OotrixMn -Aguf ^5 zeA-^lA6 X)unA An Y\aIIa 'Oe\\\^. 
Agtif t)x^ cui|AfeA6 Si|\ t)Alt)UxM'D 1 n-OMit) a 6ompAnA^^ 35 
5AMfCi"6, e^\'Ddn AtxAfc^Ainn lon^Anc-Aij. 

Aguf niof iMn^t) leo 50 f\An5Ai'Dx.\|\ 50 C|aio6 nA nlnx)iA ; 
Ajuf t)A tuc5AifeA(b fUiAi«5e nA nln'OM Agiif An jii foirhe An 
gcloinn fin [6if\] nAC f Ait) piof a n-tiit)e no a n-imteACcA aca 
gonmsefin. Aguf -oo teAfcuij in^eAn pioj 5r^i5^ foirhe fin- 40 

Aguf "oo jAt) AlAfCfAnn lon^AncAC ceAnnAf nA nln-oiA 
n-eif bAif A AtA\\, Agtif "oo t)i "Ri-oife An loCfAinn 'n-A tAnAifce 
Aguf 'n-A tAOifeA6 tojtA f A01. X)aIa Sif tDAlbuAit), no ^aX) 
ceAnnAf cf ioca toCtAinn Aguf "OiinA An IIaLIa "Oeifg n-eif ah 
fiog Af\cuif, 50 bfUAif 5aC Aon aca a "DionsrhAlA fein "Oo 45 
mnAOi ; f eif mAf A'oeif " teAl^Af nA tiln'oiA." 

^onAt) 1 fin GAtCf A Aguf ^mteA6zA An ttlAt)t\A itlAoil, Sif 
t)Alt)UAix) "oe Cof-Qibuf, Aguf Ri-oi|ve An toCfAinn sontnge fin ; 
•oo |\eit\ mAf fUAif mife le n-A fCfiot)A'D e. 


whole household ; and King Arthur was joyful before them. 
And they stayed a long time and lengthy period there with the 
king and his household ; and after that the Crop-eared Dog 
(who is called Alastrann the Wonderful) and the Knight of the 
Lantern take their leave of the king and of the household, and 
leave farewells of life and health with the King of the World and 
the household of the Fort of the Red Hall. Sorrow- 
ful was Sir Galahad after his companion in arms, 
Alastrann the Wonderful. 

And no stop was made by them till they reached the land 
of India ; and the hosts of India and the king were joyful before 
those sons, as they had no news oftheir journeys or adventures 
till then. The daughter of the King of Greece had died 
before that. 

And Alastrann the Wonderful took the lordship of India 
after the death of his father, and the Knight of the Lantern 
was his lieutenant and chosen chief under him. As for Sir 
Galahad, he took the lordship of the land of Lochlann and 
of the Fort of the Red Hall after King Arthur, until each of 
them found a fitting wife ; as the " Book of India " says. 

So that is the Story and Adventures of the Crop-eared Dog, 
Sir Galahad de Cordibus, and the Knight of the Lantern, to 
this : as I found it to be written down. 

BACCtlA ttlACAOirh-Ari-IOlAlt^ 


po|AlArhAf pop 6pioCxMt) riA Sojaca pe^tc n-AMll 'd'a\[ 6ortixMnm 
Tliofc^|\T) mAC Se^j^in inic ttlAtAp^il. Agtir ^^ "oiAt)^ 
Cfx.\it!)cex^C ex^gn^i'oe eolx^6 ilbexxplxxC i "oce-Angu-Ait) CfiioC-A^uf 5 
cineAt)^A6 x\n \\^ fin ; A^uf bA c^if uipim-jlAti cf\ex\bx\f\-t;o|itA6 
x\n cijA le |\eitriex\f -An fioj te.A'onA fin ; A^uy tug be.An a 
■Oiongrh-AlA Cuige, Aguf -oo fug fi gein rhin ttiAC.AncA.\ rhong- 
bui-oe iriAlt-|\ofCA6 mic -do, A^uy X)A\yzeA-6 An mAC fin -oe 
gn-AC Aguf -o' OfDAiti) nA lie^gUMfe, ^^^f cug-At!) " Tliof cxxi^T) ^^ 
Cg " T)' Ainm f Aif . 

CU5A1!) An mAC fin n^A oile.Arh<Mn x^5t1f "o'^^ Aifo-leAf ug^t) 
•00 "Cfuin^ T)' uAiflit) x^gvjf T)' ^fo-rh,Aicit) Cfio6 n^ Soj^Ca, 
5Uf fe^6c tYil)liAt)nA "o' xNOif x^5l1f -o' Aimfif e ; ^guf cu^at!) 
i,Af fin m^igifUfi-Oe moif-eol^6A foif\-t)e-AffcnA fif-$l10Cx^ l^ 
tuige, t)'a frogluim Aguf -o'xx fif-te.A5x\fC. 5ii|\ pexifAC pf- 
eol^C e^AgnxM-be lulrhAf ex^lA'6x^ncx^ 1 'oceAnst.Ait) ^a6a cife 
x^5Uf 1 5cexifc 5^6^ cineil, 1 mbe^flA ^a^a buixbne Aguf 1 
nx)ut)xM5eAn 5-a6a^ 'oeij-leijinn e. 

Aguf lAf mbeit liln-fOjlumtA fo'n lonntif fin, if 4 nil!) 20 
tii5 -o' A -Aif e, -AllAn Aguf uAigtieAf feAt)-A ^guf f A^f-Aig, Ajkifoe 
x\5Uf ioltuAtv\ cif\e, T)o tAc-Aige ^guf -oo t-Aifce^l -Aguf -00 
fif-fiub^l rrjxMlLe fe bex\5^n cui"oex\(iC4.\, 50 gcon-Aib -Aguf 
50 n5-AX")|UMV), 50 n-1otnx^T) il$fex\fx\ ^a6a feAl^-A x^5Uf 5aCx\ 
fu\t)xM5 leif A]\ 6eAr\A. Oi|\ ni f<Mb ce,AfD no eAlAt)^ -Af bit 2& 

The Story of Eagle-Boy 


A NOBLE, illustrious, wealthy, tolerant, royal, straightforward, 
valiant, protecting, victorious high-king took the sovereignty 
and supremacy over the coasts of Sorcha once on a time, whose 
name was Richard, son of John, son of Mathafal. And pious, 
godly, skilled, learned, accomplished in many languages of 
countries and of tribes, was that king ; and soft, dry, clear, 
abundant in fruit was the land in the time of that same king ; 
and he got a wife fit for him, and she brought forth a boy- 
child smooth and soft, with yellow hair and slow-rolling eye, 
and the boy was baptised according to the custom and ordi- 
nances of the Church, and " Richard the Younger" was given 
him as a name. 

That boy was given for nourishing and developing to a 
company of the gentles and nobles of the coasts of Sorcha. 
till he was seven years of age. And after that, deeply-learned, 
highly-polished, truly-expert masters were given him to instruct 
and educate him, till he was skilled, learned, accomplished, 
knowing, cunning in the tongues of every land and in the law 
of every race, in the dialect of every tribe, and in the deepest 
depth of every science. 

And when fully learned in that manner, this is the thing 
to which he gave heed — hunting and travelling and journeying 
far in the wild and solitude of wood and of waste, of region 
and every territory of the land, with a small company, with 
hounds and beagles, and store of all manner of trappings for 
every kind of chase and hunting besides. For there was no 

yd eACuuA rhACAoirh-An-iotAin 

t)^\ cojCA leif lonA belt ^5; r^""^^5 V^-^^ ^5^r P^^^f t)65, cope, 
t)|Aoc, *.\5tir miot triAije, Aguf cine^\l 5aC<\ n-ilpeipce n-All- 
rhu|\"6A^ eile x^|\ 6e^n-A, noc X)o te^vsitiuis t)o 1 t)]:eA"6xMt) 
Agtif 1 ti)|:x\f vM^it^, 1 ti)|?0)\^\oife*\Cv\ib ^x^uf 1 bpAin-jle^MincxMb 
WA cif\e -A5;tif ^|a 5^6 leit "oe. 30 

^A^uf A•o<^fCx^ ^n CoinrCeAXt) 50 coitri'oio(!;fA\ pt^if, X)obeitAe^t) 
T)' x\ tilt) A.\5iif X)' A.\ AMfe 50 mo|i iat), x\5Uf •oot;nio"0 |?ex^f6A|\ 
.A?;iif coiriniii"6e m^iLle fiu, ^xguf "00 biot) ^a?; binn-jvVb^Ml x^ 
f^ilm ^\5iif A f^lcf AC, Aguf A5 eA'DAp5ui'6e aw 'OuileAtriAn 35 
50 •oioc|\A Aguf x.\5 AicCeAt) An CoinrCeAt) CurtiAccAig um 
tf6cAif\e Agtip lotngjiAfA Anin^\ "o' pAjAil "06 pein Aguf T)'a 
"OtAiiing inAille |iif. <N5tir "oo leAti An |:o|AAinm fo "oe, 
eA'66n " UiTDif e nA SeAlgA " -oo jAititn T)o o fin AmAC. 

Cio"oc|\aCc jAo coifiCijeAt) An |\io5An aw "OAfiA peACu Aguf 40 
|\ii5 f i triAc eile. t)Aif ceA'6 aw triAC fin, Ajuf cugA'b " SeAgAn " 
X)' Ainm pAi|A. tlo noileAt) Aguf |ao liAif\'o-leAf iiigeAt) An niAC 
fin A5 A oi-oitjib oileAttinA, A5 fipb Aguf A5 feAllfAtrinAvit) 
fif\-5liocA WA cife. "Ro inuineAt) Aguf |ao mAOfuigeA-o, fO 
foifbigeAt) Ajuf fo fogluniAX) e AtiiAiL "oo finneAt) An ceAX) 45 
iriAC, 5U|\t) AOfiriAjA inpeA-omA e. Agtif if e nit) if mo "oo tug 
"o'a Ai|\e, "oul T)' A fojluim, cleAfA goile Aguf ^Aifcn"). Aguf 
*oo C|\io(inui geAt) fin leif, guf t)A tiinnilL infeA-umA e 1 
n-ilCeAfT)Ai5 gniotriACcA nA gCfioC Aguf nA 5CineAt)A6 50 
coirh-iomlAn 'n-A uif-tiniCeAll, Aguf 5vi]\t) oi-oe fif-$lic 50 
foglumcA, Aguf Aiffio lOfjAiLe, Aguf LeoifiAn leAXMftAC 1 

gCACAlt) A^Uf 1 gCllAtAlb AgUf 1 gCOttlLAtin Alb 6 j gUf llOtlf AT) 

nA C|aioCa 50 cOimleAtAn "o' a AllAt) Aguf d' a 6ift)eAf\CAf, 
Aguf tli*oife AW j^Aifcit) t)A fof Ainm fiubAl -do. 

"OaLa RiofCAi|\X) C15 mic fiog ha SofCA, lAf gCAiteArh 55 
pAifce moife -o' a Aoif Aguf d' a Aimfif 1 foCfiAcu Aguf 1 
bplAiteAf [a] ACAf a, Aguf \Ax^ S^^T^ CfeAllA "d' .a fhAOt- 
Aimfif tAifif t)6, 1 ngnAf Aguf 1 n-ufAit) fiAt)Ai$ 5A6A 


art or science at all that he preferred to hunting deer and roes, 
boars, badgers, and wild animals, and every sort of outlandish 
monster in general, which met him in the* woods and wastes, 
in forests and in valleys of the land, and on every side 
of him. 

And when hermits and clerics and fervent worshippers of 
the Lord used to meet him, he would pay great heed and atten- 
tion to them, and would spend the evening and abide with 
them, and would be melodiously rendering his psalms and his 
psalter, and fervently interceding with the Creator, and petition- 
ing the mighty Lord for mercy and many a spiritual favour for 
himself and for his followers with him. And thence this nick- 
•name pursued him, " Knight of the Chase," which was applied 
"to him thenceforward. 

Howbeit, the queen conceived a second time and brought 
forth another son. That son was baptised, and "John" was 
given him as a name. He was nurtured and educated with 
his tutors who nourished him, with sages and skilled philo- 
sophers of the country. He was instructed and guided, per- 
fected and taught as was the first son, till he was of age and 
fit for service. And this is the thing he was most careful to 
go to learn — feats of valour and prowess. And that was 
accomplished by him till he was ready and fit in all the active 
arts of the countries and the whole of the nations all around 
him, and till he was a skilled, learned instructor, and a veteran 
of valour, and a mangling lion in battles and fights and forays : 
so that the countries far and wide were full of his fame and 
glory, and '^ Knight of Prowess " was the nickname that went 
with him. 

As for Richard the Younger, son of the King of Sorcha, 
after he had spent a good deal of his age and life in ease and 
in his father's kingdom, and after putting the space of his 
youth behind him in the pursuit and practice of the chase of 

78 eACuuA rhACAoirh-Ari-iotAm 

tiilpeifce v\5Uf i nge^jA-eoUAf tia gCtimA^f T1eitri-ionCorn6|ACx\f 
^guf nx.\ DCpe^t^in f ^|A-t)Ux^"D^\C |\e-Airif Aiijce fin, xArh*Mt -ooCux^l- 60 
^ti)^\|i, A.\5Uf u\|A tnbeit inceile -Aguf lontmnge t)o, b^ miAti 
xiguf t)A mitiT) le n-*^ At-Aiji fxMl a.\ Ce^nnfuijte — e-A'66n 
^1llex^5An f eAf^c^triAMt 50|Am-|AOf ca6, ^guf fC^tAn 5l6|\x^C ^ 
5lx^n-^l^1nn Ug-je^l TDeij-rheine^xrhAiL fo-<.\i5eAnc<\ -00 rhn^oi 
— -o'a ceAr<5x^l fjiif pe linn x^ X)eo pein. Agtif puApjAtug "0^65 
eife^ATi CK\ til A 5pAt) "DO rhn-dit) n^ C|\iiinne 50 coitriiomlAn. 

'• Afv ingin fioj tuA Scicia "do 6uipe^f mo Cti^nn," ^fi fe, 
** 6if\ tug^f cuile cfiev\n ctiom-gfiit) ^^uf y]\ut fio|\-Ait)eil 
feifAce T)* a\ coicitn x^guf x)' x^ cti-A|\*\fCb^il; 6^^ tdo cuic mo 
toil x.\5iif •DO'6oi|\ce-<Nf m' ^Mgne^t) t)i a|\ itieix) n^\ ctu\|A^fct)ikl^ "O 
*oo6luinim tiif\ti." 

Ctii|\e-Af ^n |Ai cex\6T:^ 50 pij tu\ Scicia x^5 uApp^if) cle^rh- 
n-Aif PaM|\ *o' oijfAe nA So|\C*x, n6 50 n-AM]A5]:eA^t) *.^5Vlf 50 
toifCfe^t) ^\n Scitu\-50 liuile. 1^|\ ^clof x^n eorhf^it) fin 
•00 f\i5 nx^ Scici^, cf uinnigexJif m^Mte ^.x^uf m6|\-iu\if le ^guf 75 
Cfom-corrixMfle ^\ fiojACC^ ^S^f ^ lex^tx^n-t15e^|\n^Mf 1 n-Aon 
wnAX), "o' A^k fe^Cxxinc CfeAX) 'OoCifi'oe '66\X) Cum coCtriAifc 
inline ^n fioj "oo finnfe-Af cloinne fioj nA SofC*.\. Aguf if 
e "oo Conn^fCA^f '061I) zai[\ eif m1on-fA^nnfU15te 'oo -OeAUAvh 
A\\ 5AC nil) f o leic, v\ toil f em -oo -OeonugAi) X)o fij nA.\ Sof C^. so 
Oif "DO meA.\f at!) leo mtinA 'ocoileoc^vi'oif An cleAtrinx^f "oo cui\ 
A]\ AjxMt), 50 gcuiffe^t) fe bun ^f [a] f oc-c\l, oif X)o bi lion- 
mxM|\e 50 mojA 1 fUMjtib x^guf 1 foCfiA-MT^ib e lon^A u\'D-fxin. 
Aguf u\|\ -oceACC fe ua Ceile "ooib -o' *MteAfC Aoinfif, 
Aitfife^f fi n^ Scitu\ [a] incinn *^5Uf -Aonc^t) fein um ^n nit) 85 
ce^-onA T)o tu\ ce^ccxMb fin fiog ^^A SofC^ : A^uy A-ouXyA^xz 
leo «5Uf fe^ff leif 'S]\At) fiot; n^ SofCA 'n<\ [a] fu^t, A.\5Uf 50 
•ociubf^f) T>\\ bpig fin *,\ toil fein "OO. 

]rilliT) n<^ cev\ccx^ u\fx\m, ^xguf fAifnei"6i"o Aite^sfc fiog 

^ Head j^lojiTriAH " frlorioiis," (V) 


every monster, and in keen knowledge of the Incomparable 
Powers, and of the victorious onslaughts aforesaid, as you have 
heard, and when he was marriageable and fit for union, his 
father desired and thought it high time to bind to him, during his 
own life, a guard of his peacefulness — namely, an amiable, blue- 
eyed jewel and a [sweet-]voiced, clear-fair, white-complexioned 
modest talented beauty as a wife. And he asked him who 
was his love of the women of the universe at large. 

" On the daughter of the King of Scythia have I set my lot," 
said he, "for I have given a strong flood of ardent love and 
an ever-rushing stream of affection for her course and her 
renown ; for my will has fallen on her, and I have spent my 
thoughts on her, for the store of renown I hear of her." 

The king sends messengers to the King of Scythia ask- 
ing of him a marriage contract for the heir of Sorcha, or else 
that he would ravage and burn Scythia altogether. The King 
of Scythia, after hearing that announcement, collects the chiefs 
and nobles and the parliament of his kingdom and broad lord- 
ship into one place, that he might see what they would think 
of the wooing of the king's daughter by the eldest of the King 
of Sorcha's children. And this is what they thought after a 
close examination of everything separately, to agree to the 
desire of the King of Sorcha. For they thought that unless 
they were willing to advance the match, he would made good 
[lit,, put a foundation toj his word, for he was much richer in 
armies and in reinforcements than they. And when they came 
together to a united answer, the King of Scythia announces 
his mind and consent in that same matter to those messengers 
of the King of Sorcha ; and he said to them that he preferred 
the love of the King of Sorcha to his hate, and that on that 
account he would give him his desire. 

The messengers return thereafter and announce the answer 

8o GACunA rhAC<Noirh-Ari-iotAin 

tiA Scitu\ xASiif TiA Sclcex^C "oo fij ua Soptxi. l)<^ loinneAt 90 
lut5Ai|Aex\C An t\i "oe fin. Cio-ocf a6c, C|\uinni5e-Af xin t^i 5x\6 
xMfifit) io|\5xMle -Agtif t)eitif\ beo-DA t)|A^cx^rhAMl ttu^i n-Ci 0*61^1 c- 
teA6 ■^eA\\-eolA6 i gcle^fAit) goile xNgtip gxMfce, *^5tlf 5^6 

•OfX^NSUn "OMtl-O-Af^ACCAC 'DOpUlx\n5 X)' a t)pUxM|l 1 5C|A10C<Alt!) tlxi 

So|\Ca, ^S^r "oo gUiAif f\e n-A rhofi-pliMg 50 fiogxiCc ha 95 
ScitiA. tTI6|\-pAilci5eAf fii tiA ScitiA poitti fxig riASo|\6A Aguf 
fAOirti A rhtjinnci|\; Aguf niof\ p^-oxi t)6it) AtfilAit) fin An CAn -oo 
Cfio6nui5eA"6 An cte^rhnAf fin eACoptA, Aguf 1)0 f\oinn fiAt) 
pfitri-feAfCA jeineAfAlcA An p6fCA. 

At Alt) fA-OA ■66^X) ArhlAit) fin 1 bfoCAifA jiiog n<A ScitM, Ag 100 
buAnugAt) onof A nA ntiA'6-6uin5e |\eArhf\Ai'6ue fin, m^ille fe 
nof Aguf |\e liAifgeAT) -o'a tAt)Aifc d' eigfit), X)' file-At)Aib, 
Aguf T)' peAllfATrinAit), -oo tu6c ciuil, itiil, Agtif cluAnA n^ 
Cfi6e, nA 5Cfio6, Aguf nA 5CineAt)Ac "Oo X)\ Ann 50 liuf-fAif\- 
fing, foifleAtAn, fC^pAC, fiof-lAoCcA, neirh-6innce, lonnAf ^^^ 
nAft) loncomdfCAf co6rhA|\c mic fiog n6 j\o-flv\ite A|^ Aon 
AitTifif fif fein e. 

ScAOilit) pfitri-CeAnnpinpc An p^AfZA fin lAf Arh, Aguf 5^6 
Aon ACA 6 fin AmA6 f6 feAt, A5 glACAt) a ^ceADA 6 fig n^ 
ScitiA Aguf 6 'n jM'oj-tuifc Af Ce^nA ; Agtif f 1 n^ Sof 6a Agtif no 
An Cg-lAnAmAin fin 50 n-A mof-fluAg Ag fAjAil lomCotriAifC 
beACA Aguf flAince Ag 5A6 uiLe aj; imteAcic t)' a nT)uncAit) 
Aguf -o' A n-oeAj-AfUfAit) fein Aguf AfOin^eAt) nA feolCA 
f nAf CA f nAiC-jeAlA A5 fiutDAl AnuAf A|\ An AfT)-6f Ann ; Aguf 
ni tiAicfifceAf A n-eActf A nO a n-imteACcA nC 50 f AngA-OAf lis 
cuAncA nA Sof 6a. Aguf cei^Oi-o 1 n-A -ocif lAf fin, Aguf f a 
tn6f lucjAife Aguf lAin-rheAntriA caiC fdmpA. Asuf triAf An 
gceA-onA cei^biT) fceAlA -o'a tnbuAn-fCAOileAt) 50 ceAjlAC ah 
>vio5, Aguf cAitiD An bAnAif ttiof-A-ObAl-oo t)! T)' A nuUfhujAt) 
fompA An feAt) X)o bi-OeA-OAf 'f^^^i ScitiA fe hoijfe fioj nA 120 
Sof Ca Aguf fif An injin fin ^\\o^ nA ScitiA ; ^juf CAitiT) An 
65-lAnAnu\in fin pAifc -o' a n-Aimpf 50 fubAt f6 'n lonnuf 


of the King of Scythia and of the Scythians to the King of 
Sorcha. Joyful and glad was the king thereat. However, the king 
collects every veteran of ravaging and every active destructive 
blow-bestowing bear/ well skilled in the feats of valour and of 
prowess, and every vehement, insufferable dragon^ to be found 
in the coasts of Sorcha, and he went with his great host to 
the kingdom of Scythia. The King of Scythia welcomes the 
King of Sorcha and his people ; and not long were they thus 
till that marriage contract was completed between them, and 
they distributed the general chief feast of the wedding. 

A long while were they thus with the King of Scythia, 
prolonging the celebration of the new match aforesaid ; with 
gold and silver being given prodigally, truly heroically, un- 
grudgingly, to the bards, poets, and philosophers, to the 
men of song, of knowledge, and of eulogy of the country, and of 
all the countries and tribes that were there, far and wide, 
very distant ; so that the marriage of a king's or a high 
prince's son any time was not comparable with that one. 

The chief men of that feast separate after that, and every 
one with them from that downwards, one by one, taking their 
leave of the King of Scythia and of the royal court in general ; 
and the King of Sorcha and the young couple, with their 
mighty host, leaving a farewell of life and health to everyone, 
going to their own forts and palaces. And the neat white- 
threaded sails were hoisted, running up on the lofty mast; and 
their story or their journeys are not related till they reached 
the harbours of Sorcha. And thereafter they come to their 
land, and great was everyone's joy and delight before them. 
Likewise, the news of their departure comes to the household 
of the king, and they consume the immense marriage feast 
which was a-preparing all the time they were in Scythia with 
the heir of the King of Sorcha and that daughter of the king 
of Scythia ; and that young couple spend part of their time 
happily in that manner, in the household of their father's home, 

' Metaphorically for warriors. 

82 GAccuA rhACAOitri-An-iolAin 

fin, 1 T)cex3i5lx\C cige a n-^rAfv\. f jamit coice xijuf foC^ifA x^5Uf 
mui|\ne, 5-An ev\ft)^it) feo*o no tn^NOine n6 m6\\-rr\A^teA\'A eile 125 
o^tA A\\ bit, xkCc^ ^\5 ol -Aguf x\5 xioibne^f 1 t)po(i^i|A a eeile 5^6 

X)AiA t^iog tixi So|iCx\ lomoftAO, 1A|\ gc^ite^rh cf\eif X)' <^ 
x^o1f ^SUf *o' ^ *Mmfi|A "60 50 fi^rh focAiji 1 n-A tigexXfvnAf , 
|A^ini5 t)tiAit)fe^\"D b^Mf A^uf A^]\^eAUA ba-^a x\5Uf oi'oit) A^\\, 130 
^guf puxMfi b^f Cfiof CxM-Oe 50 mbtixMt) An iingt-A ^itfije A^uy 
At>nA^cte. Agiif fio C]iuinni5eAM)^|\ i.Afi^Mti tn^ice A^uy m6f- 
tJAifte C|Ai6e nx\ So|\6a, exM^on c^oifig -^a6a cuAite, ppirh- 
Ce^nnptiif\c 5^6^^ pob^il, -Ajuf cinn ^•oxi^ic^.V- -^a6a cinix), giuf- 
CvMfij AD '6t15ex^•6 xNguf cpom-6orh^i|\li5e ha cij^e a^ -Aon-b^ll. 135 
Aguf If e f\o (iOirif^iT)f e^T) : n-Afi cuibe A^uy nA\\ 6oyrY\AM 
i(\w^a6za r\A So\\6a, a beic 1 inb^Mtincfexib^CA^f Aon cxMn*\lt ; 
6 no i:A^^A^X) a p1f-'01x^ fOf\6f\T)x\ oijfe "oitif a\\ An fij. Agiif 
•DO cinnexit) leo x\ g^ijAtn Cucx^ -Aguf a piojA'b : xiguf "oo 
cinne-At) ^n 6orhAifle fin leo, a^v\' fo 5xMfme^\t!) lxiOfc*.\fT), 140 
-Aguf fo zeA^Ai['CA'6 x)6 A\\ "ocuf fe^Cc^ fi05 -^stif f nu\CcA\ 
flAC-A Agiif reA^Aif'c cuAite, ^xguf 5A6 ni"0 ^|\ te^AtiA b^ 'oiof 
A^u-y b-A •olije^t X)o fig ^\5tif "DO foi-tigex^fn^xjo "^exMiArh "oo. 
Aguf co1fb1fceA^f UAf fin '06 cofoin tu^nn^ 6ex\[f]T)xMr\xMl 
Ctirrro^C CloC-Oft)^ X)luc-5l^n ■Of1cl1nex^C fionn-gl^n f ioJaMTi^iI 145 
fo-riixMfe^C lonCorhOfCAi fiog <^5Wf f6i-ti5e-Afn^\. Aguf "oo 
cugAt) fl-AC "oife^c 'OAt-AlAmn X)eA-^-mA\yeA6 1 n-A Uvitti 
•oeif ftxMC-rheAfxMg -ooinn-iongn^ij, <\5 a y'meAt) x^5t1f x^5 
corh^fttl5x^t) t)6-f^n xigtif "oo Cx.\c 50 bf UxMf f e a \uo-^a6z X)0 
f6if 5n-dtx^fA.^ ^\5Uf "olije, ^au CAm -^au locc, cOni *oife^6 ir,o 
ieif An Cfl^ic fin ; ^guf guf c6if 'D6-f A^n a congb^vil mAi[\ 
fin 6 fin -Atn^c. AXgtif "oo 501fe*^t) Amm KT -^An PfeAfx\bf<\ 
"66 lAf fin. 

' This is a conjc'ctiiral eniendatioii of tlie MS. readiii,::, wliicli is o]\]\a, lyAp 
leo fein, A5 61 (for ~[pein] I wcnild read "[^cr]). 
" Ce*3knn4Tj<Miic [which mciiiis '* a pillow"'] .MS. 


in the way of wealth and riches and affection, without having 
lack of jewels or property or other great possessions at all, but 
drinking and pleasuring one with the other every day. 

Now regarding the king of Sorcha, after he had spent a 
space of his lifetime in ease and quiet in his lordship, there 
came throes of death and symptoms of ending and dissolution 
over him, and he died a Christian death with the virtue of the 
unction of repentance ^nd burial. And thereafter the chiefs 
and nobles of the land of Sorcha gathered together — princes 
of every district, chiefs of every community, and heads of 
religion of every race, the justices of the law and counsellors of 
the land — to one place. And this is what they discussed : that 
it was not fitting, and unworthy of the kingdom of Sorcha, that 
it should be in widowhood a single space ; since her glorious 
True God had left a faithful heir to the king. And it was re- 
solved by them to call him to them and to crown him ; and 
this counsel was resolved by them, and Richard was called, 
and first the rights of a king and the authority of a prince and 
the teaching of a lord were taught him, and everything in 
general proper and lawful for a king and mighty lord to do. 
And after that there is transferred to him the elegant, artistic, 
ornamented, gold-jewelled, close-clear, sparkling, all-pure, 
royal, lovely, notable crown of a king and a mighty lord. And 
there was given a straight, fair-coloured, lovely sceptre in his 
straight- fingered, brown-nailed, right hand, to sign and to testify 
to him and to all that he had received his kingdom according 
to custom and law, without crookedness or flaw, as straight as 
that sceptre ; and thatnt was lawful for him to keep it thus from 
that out. And he was called by name King without Opposition 
after that. 

84 e^cuRA riiACAOini-Aii-iotAin 

Sl6x^Cc*^f )A\\ fin "oo 'n C6itnt)it) Curhx\(ic-A6 xiguf "oo 'n 
TTlAionoiT) CfV1-pex^f\fx^t^vM5 p6 jjA^p^ x\nmA Aguf ctHfp "o' p^^^il 
•06 peiti -Aguf -o' A ci5e^|An^it)it) in^\ille fiif. UeiT) m|i fin 'Oo 155 
'n pioUMT) f io5"6a fo-rhxMfig ^gtif 1 n-A CACAOif t)f eite^Mtin^if 
u\fCxMn, A^uy ft1fx^lA^f triAite Aguf tnof-iuMfle Cfi(ie n^\ Sof\CA 
•00 5^M|Am Cuige. Aguf x\'Oul3Aii\c leo 50 fxMto uife^fb^i-6 
ttiojA f*Mf, eA-oon 5^\n ce^Ann goile ^guf gAifce. einig ^5Uf 
congn^Mtri, ^5;uf Aiffit) lOfjxMle A^uy \meA-^lA nA Sof6A, xi^tif HJO 
ce^nnpofc CA.\tvA nA ^cfioC, -oo t)eic xMge, ex^"66n Sex^5^n a.\ 
•oeA|At)f<\cxMf , T)' A n50ifeA"6 Ui-oife ^n JxMfCit). 

X)aIa TliT)ife An '^a\\'c\'6 lotnoffo t)o cuife^t) zeAtzA 
x^5Uf CAi-bleoifi-oe Af peAX) n^ gCfioC Agiif n^ ^cmeAX)A6 50 
coirh-leACAn, n<3 juf ffiot e. '^Nguf lAf t)f ajaiI fce^t b-Aif 165- 
[a] AtA^A, Aguf fiogtA A "oeAfbiAAtAf A "CO, C15 le nA ceACcAit) 
50 f Ainig An cSof 6a. Aguf lAf "oceACc "oo tAtAif "66, mdp- 
f AilcigeAf A -beAftDfACAif Aguf niAite Aguf tn6|^-tJAifle C|\i6e 
nA SofciA foirhe ; Aguf lAf leijeAn a fcite Aguf lAf gcuf a 
trieifcnige 'oe, lAffAif "ouitCe, fOfbA, peAfAnn, Aguf fineACAf 17(> 
Af A "OeAf bf ACAif ; Aguf lAf n-A fAJAil fin 50 coileAttiAin "06 
o'n fij, CU5 t)uit)eA6Af m6|\ t)6, A^uf eA^CAoineAf a belt ^An 
ninAOi A "OionsmAlA Ctnge. 

piAffiiijeAf An fi ciAtiT An beAn bA liAnnfA leif td' iAffAi"6 
no "OO CAbAifU tuige. l''> 

'"Oo CuAlAf," Af fe, "50 bfiiil ingeAn AlAinn AoncimiAt) 
•<^5 1^1$ nApeffiA, Agtif cugAf Cforn-jfAt) feifce Aguf CAitnirii 

•o'a COICini AgUf T)' A CtlAfAfCbAll." 

CuifeAf An fi lAfAfh ceACCA Agtif CAi-oleoijU-oe "o" lAfjVAit) 
cleAirinAif "o' a "oeAfbf acaija A]\ fig nA peff ia. '<^5iif eAf Af l^'^O 

An fi COCiriAfC OftA. plllt) fO AlCriieAlA A^llf fb AlCIf, Agllf 

X)o tonntngeA-D Aguf liiAit-feAfgAt) f 1 ha Sof Ca Cfix) fin. 
Agtif tug 5Aifm fluAig Ajuf foCfAi-oe X)' a -ofeAm fb CfiotAib 
nA Sof 6a 50 buile, Aguf -oo 6iiif licfCACA A]\ AfniAf a CAfAt), 

•O' lAff Alt) COn^AnCA fllUMJ -AgUf f06AlX)e OfCA. -Agtif bA 185- 


Then he prays to the Mighty Lord and to the Trinity of 
Three Persons that he himself and his lords with him might 
get grace of mind and body. After that he comes to the royal 
beautiful palace and then into his judgment seat, and com- 
mands the chiefs and nobles of the land of Sorcha to be called 
to him. And he said to them that he had a great lack, namely, 
that the head of valour and prowess, protection and help, 
Sorcha's veteran of raid and terror, the battle chief of the 
nations, was not with him — to wit, his brother John, who was 
•called the Knight of Prowess. 

Now as to the Knight of Prowess, messengers and 
ambassadors were sent throughout the lands and the nations 
far and wide, till he was found. And when he received news 
of the death of his father, and coronation of his brother, he 
comes with the messengers till he reached Sorcha. And after 
coming to his presence, his brother and the chiefs and nobles 
of the land of Sorcha welcome him ; and after putting off his 
weariness and laying aside his weakness he asks of his 
brother, land, property, patrimony, and inheritance ; and after 
receiving that willingly from the king he gave him much 
thanks ; and laments that he has not a fitting wife. 

The king asks who was tl)e woman he preferred to ask for, 
or to be given him. 

" I have heard," said he, •' that the King of Persia has a 
beautiful marriageable daughter, and I have given the strong 
love of attachment and affection to her course and her renown." 
Then the king sends messengers and ambassadors to seek a 
marriage for his brother from the King of Persia. And the 
king refuses them the match. They return in grief and in 
shame, and the King of Sorcha was enraged and furious thereat. 
And he summoned his armies through the coasts of Sorcha 
at large to hosting and assembly, and sent letters for the arms 
of his friends asking of them the help of army and company. 

86 eACuuA niACAOirh-An-iotAin 

peififAiDe "DO, oi|A bA lionrhA^f\ n^ fltuMj c^tnig Ctnge 6 n-<\ 

Cio'6c|\ACC, lAp "ocionol xiguf \a\\ "ociotrif u5x^•o xNn CfluxMg 
fin 'n-A iTOtAongAit) ^5Uf 'n-xi TTOioiimxxnnxMt), 'n-A gCAtxMb ^guf 
'n-A gceADAit), 'n-A gcipi'Dili) A^tif 'n-A mbiiiT)nil3 c6i|\i$te, Af 1'-^^ 
5AC Ai|\*o A pAbA-OAiA, \\o gvAt) An |\i mneAll Aifcip ^^^^V 
HYiteACCA pAi|\ ; Agtif ni li-AitjAifceAf A gniorhAftA a|a peAt) An 
eACCjAA no 50 f AngA'DAjA 50 |\iot;ACc nA peffiA. 

Agtif iA|A jAocCvMn nnleACAin nA cit^e "ooit). -do fCAoilfeAX) 
cionolCA Ati cfLuAig Annfin, 1 n-A fCiAtriAlCACc fUilDlAij fAji- 1^5 
tuAit Aguf 'n-A 5ceiteA|\n cUfce caIhia ceA'opA'OAij c6if- 
eA'DCfinme, Aguf 'n-A fceirhteACAiti) pAiffmse poi|\-leAcnA, p6 
5A6 CHIT) *DO 'n cifi pA coirhneAf A •66il3. Ajuf "oo CjAtnnnigeA-oAi^ 
buAjA Aguf bouAince, c|aui"d A^uf ceAfiCA, iriAoin Agtif tn6|i- 
triAiteAf A, Agtif spoit) eAc[|A]Ai"6e fcuAb-leAbjiA nA ci|\e, Aguf -00 
innilt, ffeADA tnuc Aguf caojaac nA C|\i6e 50 conii-leAtAn. 
Aguf T)' •pA5A*OA|A All Cm 1 n-A T)oi5i|\ ■oonn-|AtiAi'6 •oeApg-lAfiiAi-i;, 
Aguf 'n-A fmii'OAnAib ftnAl-6o|ACHA frriAil-ifle, Aguf i i5-a 
bfiuiDeAil ueineAt) C]iiceAfh-|itiAit)e, Agup i n-A 'DobAii\-neAL- 
lAib T)0|\cA •OfitlineA^A "oo-fAifneife, 'n-A conAiji c^eAC, -0'> 
Agtif n-A hAt)X)A eAlbA Agtlf piA-bAij. 

Agtif iA|\ -ocionoL A^tif lAp •DOOirifugAt) T)o nA tnoju 
fLuAgAib yw, Af 5AC Aon aijit) i n-A jAAbA-OAp. 50 UuIa6 An 
t)uAnnA, mA-p a |\Aib |\i nA So]aCa Aguf bun An cfLuAit;, 
pujAAlAf An |\i comieAT) •do 6u]\ A]\ nA cfioCAib, Ajuf pop- -10 
ton^pofc T)0 "oeAnAiii "oo nA fltiAigcib 50 leit^-tionolCA. 
'Oo pinneAt) ArrilAi'6 aca 50 tiAm fiiAm, tneAt)A|AtA, Aj;uf 
CAitrhe coT)A *o6ib ; Agtif fo jAb fiAT) A5 p|\onnAT) a "ouo- 

rriAlCAIf lA|\CAin, 1 n-A tTOIflb AgUf 1 n-A •OCjAIUjAAlb Agtif 

1 n-A gcottilAnnAib, gup bA ftibAC f aicga^ foi-rheAntnnA6 ^^^ 
uile IAD. Agtif iA|\ bpjAonn At) "ooib, f\o jAbfAX) aj; pAifneif 
A^uf A5 ntiAi-6-innfnic a n-AiiTO-eACcfiA A^uf a n-nnteACcA 
pop pofiCjAAit) An CAorii-lAoi AntK\f goninge fin. 


And that was all the better for him, for numerous were the 
hosts that came at that time from his friends. 

However, after collecting and assembling that host in their 
multitudes and troops, in their battalions and hundreds, in 
their ranks and ordered regiments, from every quarter where 
they were, the king took trappings of journey and travel upon 
him ; and his deeds throughout the expedition are not related 
till they reached the kingdom of Persia. 

And after they reached the centre of the land, the assem- 
blies of the army divided there in their marching, rushing 
elegance, and in their expert, valorous, keen-witted, light- 
footed band, and in their far, wide skirmishings, through every 
part of the land nearest to them. And they collected cattle 
and herds, flocks and property, wealth and goods, studs of the 
pliant-tailed steeds of the country, and trappings, flocks of 
swine and sheep of the territory all around. And they left 
the land in a red-brown, ruddy-flaming blaze, and in purple- 
stained, insignificant ashes, and in a smouldering of red-dancing 
fire, and in dark, sparkling, unspeakable, obscure clouds, and a 
road of rapine, and a home of flocks and of the chase. 

And after those great hosts were collected and assembled 
from every quarter where they were, to the Soldier's Hill, 
where was the King of Sorcha and the nucleus of the army, 
the king commands a guard to be' put on the coasts, and to 
make a camp for the hosts assembled all together. Thus 
it was done till the time of slumber, merry-making, and par- 
taking of their portion came to them : and then they set to 
eating their victual, in twos and threes and companies, till they 
were all happy and satisfied and merry. And after breaking 
their fast, they took to relating and telling anew their noble 
adventures and their proceedings at the rise of the fair day 
and onwards till then. 

88 eACcriA ttiACAOirri-An-iotAin 

Mf\ 5C|\uinni5eAt) a\ itiAite AAgiif v\ rhojA-u^ifle T)' lonnfUTOe --^ 
d' eA^c^omeAt) a 5Ct\e*^6 ^giif ^ Ti-^in-olijit) x^5Uf a tn6i]A- 
e*^ft)-A•D pein |iif -<\n jM'g, |\o g^li) aj; A^\itt)e*i|\ ^gnf x^5 lom- 

A|\ Aon 5^6 xx •ocAinig X)' olc Ay An wpn j^ontnge fin, ^.xguf 
lom^T) T)' poU\ntiAit) u*Mf le A^uy 'oo nu\cxMt) f 105 -Aguf f 6- 225 
]:lAC*^ x^f\ A 'OCU5 pi e^i^AX) co6rtiA\i|\c 501111156 pn. 

" 5-^^^i"6-r^ ^^o leitfce^l pein lilD-p e,'' a]\ An \\\. " T)o 
pinne^xt) ctipsn^iri inop plei-oe lioin-p^ ivoitrie po" a]\ pe, "Ai5t!p 
* x)o 6puinni5 m^ite A5up mop-UAMple iu\ pi05x^CcA CuSaMti 
1 n-^m. Scv\p-At) [pi] o 'n C15 oil, A\5up do Cu^^'OAip UAinn A]\ 230 
teAnn nA timgine u-o. T)o c-aja pi ce^Cc, ^siip niop rhu\-6 no 
mv\ipe linn pin, 6ip "oo b' lonTo^x mAC piog A5up puil u^p^l a\\ 
A "ocus pi e^p^t) 5onui5e pin, x>o peip niAp A*oeipti-pi. ^sup 
•00 Cu-A'D^p ^pip T)' A tii^pp^Mt), A^^stip DO e^p pi ce<ACc. tDo 
cuAT)*\p An z\\eA\* pe-ACc x)' -c\ tiMpp.Mt) ; A511P *\Dut)Aipc pi nAC 235 
DC10cpA^•6 iniinv\ l)pul5ex^'6 pi a bpeicpem. A5UP do ge^illAp- 
p-A pin Di, A^5tlp do 5AI) pi ctiip*3k5up p*^c*^ opin um *.\ Corhx^ll-At) 
pin Di. 'A5UP ip i l)peit do pu5 An in5e*.\n do pog^Mn ; eAt)on 
■^An A zaX)a^\z d' pe^^p 50 X)\\ac aCzx)' ^pog^Mn pern. (Cu5Ap- 
pA n^ coingill pin Di pe a Iu*xd, A^uy ni t*.\ini5 ^oin-pe^p d' a 240 
liiAppAiD 6 pm 1 leic nA6 eAi[\yA6 pi duI leip, *.\5tip niop 
ti)pipeA\p-pA mo (ioinge^ll d' x^olnpeA^p aca 6 pin 1 leic.'' 

"Oo 5At)x^'6 An leicpce^l pm 6 'n P15 leo, A-^uy zu^^Ai) An 
in5eAn pern do Ix^t^ip ctiC*\ do 5aI).\iI a leitpce^l. 'A5UP ip 

eAt) *^DUl)xMpC — -45 

" A triAite *^5tlp rhop-ii*Mple nA peppu\/' a]\ pi, " ip AmU\i"6 
tSylA puD D^ni-p-A. QAt)6n, U\ n-x^on do l)it)e«Ap 1 tn' 5pu\nAn 
Jloini'Oe 5opni-puinneo5*.\C, A.\5up ctnce^p coipCiin pu*Mn A5tip 
p^Ap-CoDJ(lCA\ popm. 'A5UP c-.\pp*.\p pip .\nipA A511P Aiplin5 
1on5Anc*^C iiAxn, eAtton mo pogA do da nit) d' p^gAil D^m 250 
pem : e^'bon, mo "oiol d' yeA]\ ^sup d' p]\-de\le d' PA5A1I 


As to the King of Persia, anotlier story is related. After 
his chiefs and nobles assembled to him to complain of 
their plundering and their injustice and their great losses to 
the king, they began reproaching and rebuking himself and his 
daughter ; saying that together they were not worth all the 
evil that had come from the daughter till then, and that there 
were many noble families and sons of a king and a prince to 
whom she had given refusal of marriage till then. 

'• Receive my own excuse yourselves," said the king. 
'' Great preparation for a feast was made by me some time 
ago," said he, '' and the chiefs and nobles of the kingdom 
gathered to me in time. She left the drinking-house, 
and I went from among ourselves to fetch the girl. She 
refused to come, which we thought discourteous and ungracious, 
for there was many a king's son and noble family which she 
had refused up till then, as you say. I went again to seek 
her and she refused to come. I went the third time to seek 
her, and she said she would not come unless she obtained her 
own decision. I promised her that, and she took contracts and 
securities from me that that would be fulfilled for her. And 
this is the decision the girl chose : that she should never be given 
to a man but to her own choice. I gave my pledges to her as 
she said, and not a man came to seek her from that out that 
she would not refuse to go with him, and I have not broken my 
pledge to one of them from that out." 

That excuse of the king's was accepted by them, and the 
girl herself was brought before them to receive her excuse. 
And this is what she said : — 

•• Chiefs and nobles of Persia," said she, *' thus has yonder 
thing come to me. Of a day when I was in my glassy blue- 
windowed bower, there falls the stupor of sleep and heavy 
slumber upon me. And a glorious vision -and wonderful 
dream was revealed to me : namely, that I should have my 
choice of two things — to get the spouse and husband 

90 eACdlA ltlACA0ini-An-10tA11l. 

x)Am, A\\ u^ifle *\5tif a^ AtA\\'6A6T:, A\y t>e^lX) Aguf A\y t>eAnAm, 
A^ rriAOinit!) xxgtif a^ rhofA-itiAite^f, a^u\\ fiot, fASirhe, ^suf 
foc|\^it)ex.\Cc f\e linn ^An CleAtrin^Mf fin — A^uy a beic xMrn^iT) 
T>Am pein 50 b|\A.\c ; ti6 ev\fbv.\t)^\ "oo-^AiiArhige A^uy 'oiojbAlA 255 
T)o-fAifneife "oo tog^Ml X)Am pein, "oo m' AtA]i[\, Agup T)^oit!)-fi 
Af mo lof A]\ X)cvif, Agtif |:e<\|\ niAit -do tieit A5x^nl iA|\CAin, \)a 
cmXye "OAin Ajuf bA 'oiol co6triAi]AC A^uf cleAtrinAif X)o m' 
AtAi|\, Aguf 50 mbei*oif cl^nn riuMt A^Am |\if noC *oo5eobAt) 
geAll clu Agtif gxMfce, AtUMt) Aguf 6i|\T)eA|\CAif , einig Aguf 26a 
eAgnAirri, a|a n^ cpiocAiti) 50 coniileACAn. A?;tif if 1 fo^A -oo 
fojAf-fA T)ioli) fin, 5An a beic Airnfix) t)o ni' "Oeoin fern, 6if 
•00 trieAf Af 5tif liigA An "oiogtDAiL btiAiX)f eA'o *oo teAcz "OAoib- 
f 1 "OO lACAif A^wf 'DAfh-f A, 'nA beic AirrifiT) "oo gnAC. -Agtif triAf 
An gceA'onA meAf Aim giif Ab e fo An c-Am A^uf An fOAf "Oo 2(;5 
bi 1 scinneATTiAin X)Am, Aguf itia 'f e biif T:)COil-fe e, ACAim 
•oeoncAC Af gAbAit fif." 

'Oo bi A b<\tAif Agtif uAifLe nA fiojA^CA fAfCA fif An 
bffeAgfA fin. CfiocnuijeAt) An CotriAifle fin leo Aguf ceiX) 
•ofong T)' UAiflib nA fiogAtcA mAf a f Aib fi nA Sof^A 50 n-A 270 
rhbf-fluAj, Aguf fAifnigiT) AiteAfC fioj nA peffiA A^uf [a] 
ingine -do. 5UiAifeAf fi nA SoftA mAille [fe] mAice Agiif 
mof-iiAifLe A flUAij 50 ceAnn-(^AtAif\ nA peffiA, Aguf C15 
fi nA peffiA Agtif onbf a6a a rhoif-teAjlAi^ 1 n-v\ gcoinne 
Aguf 1 n-A 5Comt)Ail, Aguf fCAf Af fiof6Aoin f Alice ffif Aguf 275 
ffi A -QfeAm. UeiT) lAf fin j^o piolAm fioj-OA fo-AlAinn An 
fioj, Aj^uf "DO finneA'6 An cleAtrinAf fin eACoftA, Aguf "oo 
pofAt) An os-lAnAtriAin, Agtif -do finneAt) pfim-feAfUA 
geineAfAlCA leo : Aguf An cfAt bA mitix) fe fig nA 
Sof Ca e, glACAiT) A gceAt) AS fig nA peffiA Aguf ax; mof- 280 

llAlfle A fiOgACCA, AgUf gltlAlflT) 1 gCOblAC Af mtllf AgUf Af 

fhof-fAiffge 50 fAngATDAf cuAn -oCiin Aguf X)eA5-bAile An 

fiOJ. AgUf T)0 CAlteA*OAf fleAt) m6f-At)bAl fif An 65- 

lAnAtriAin fin ; Aguf -do 6iiAT)Af lAf fin -ooCum a gcuifte 
Aguf A n-oiiiCce fein tuj An fi -oo foitrie fin. 285- 


that I should choose for nobility and heritage, for form and 
fashion, for riches and wealth, and peace, quietness, and 
fidelity all the time of that marriage — and myself barren for 
ever : or countless losses and unspeakable injuries to accumu- 
late for my sake to myself, my father, and you, at first ; and 
afterwards to get a good husband fitting for me, my father's 
choice for marriage and contract, and to have a good family 
from him who should get the prize of fame and valour, 
renown and glory, liberality and expertness, over the countries 
far and wide. And this is the choice I made between them — 
not to be barren by my own will, for I thought that the 
injury was less that trouble should come to you and to me at 
present, than to be barren continually. And so I 
think that this is the time and the man that was fated for me, 
and if it be your will I am ready to go with him." 

Her father and the nobles of the kingdom were satisfied 
with that answer. That counsel was agreed on by them, and 
a multitude of the nobles of the kingdom come where was 
the King of Sorcha with his mighty host, and they inform him 
of the speech of the King of Persia and of his daughter. The 
King of Sorcha goes with the chiefs and nobles of his host to 
the chief city of Persia, and the King of Persia, with the 
honourable men of his great household, comes to meet and fore- 
gather with him, and gives a hearty welcome to him and to his 
host. After that he comes to the royal lovely palace of the 
king, and that marriage was made between them, and the 
young couple were married, and a general chief feast was made 
by them ; and when the King of Sorcha thought it time, they 
take their leave of the King of Persia and of the nobles of his 
kingdom, and go in a fleet on the sea and the ocean till they 
reached the harbour of the fortress and city of the king. And 
the young couple partook of a great feast with him, and they 
went thereafter to their own court and country, which the king 
had given him before that. 

92 eAcxiiA rhACAonri-An-iolAin 

5.\6.\ fol^vif, -DO t)io-6 An ^] a-^ c^Mfbe^n^Nt) ^ 6A|\tAnnAif x>o 

"DO nv\ bocc^ib -oo |Aei|\ Tn.\|\ tigi-oif Cuige 5x\C Ia. Aguf 
•oobeijieAX) Cfeif ^\|a re^^lg ^\5iif'^|\ f J.ijA-pux'OxiC ; ^guf cpeif 290 
eile .\|\ gnotxM-oitD a ci^e -xguf a caIaitti, -Aguf *\5 t\eit:)e^\-6 
i-oitA cpe^nAili) ^^5t1f AMibpAnnA^it!). ^.xguf CxMce^xrh ppoinne Aguf 
coniv\lc^\if 1 n-OkUrifip ^\n tnexxt)oin-lAe lAfic^Mn, Agtif xAg 
^ruAfclvXT) ceifc -\5vif c^inje^n 6 ti^c 1 jcoitCinne 50 
]:tiinne^*o neill noiu\ A^u-p 50 *oul "oo 'ti 5]iein "Oo luije. -95 
Agvif "oobeiiAe^xt) Aijie t)' a u|\n*M5e Agtif *o' ^\ e^ppA^MfC \a\\ 
fin ; Aguf "DO t)i ^\|\t)0|A 1 n-^\ 5^\i|AX)in. xijuf "00 bi 5|A*.\CxMn 
1,1*^5 cloice 'f^^ A|At)0|\, Aguf ^'Deif\ev\-6 x^n |ai ufxnxMj^e ^M|Aite 
A|A A ^Ivtinib pO|\f An 1,15 ce^A*onA g^c l^. 


T)a.\Iv\ Seo^jxAin mic II105 nA So|a6a*, t^Mnig "DfoC-p-ntuvmeAt) 1 
n-A rtie^\ninAin, A^jiif "OO |\inne cumA\nn Agtif c-AfA'0|AAt) |Ae 
t)AOinib iMit)|\e^(iA AinrhMn^\C*.\ "oo bi 'f-^^'i t^iojACc, *x5Uf 
nocc^\f poc.\in ^\ |\uin -Aguf incinne x)bib — Af\ ^x t)eA|Ab|AAAtxM|\ 
X)o tr^\jAbA-u, ^guf An jiiojAtc DO beic Aige pein. Cfuinnije-Af 5 
mojA-fLuAj, AXgiif ^luAifejkf |\onrie a\\ fiubAl nA noiX)(ie 50 
jAAib 1 bpoguf -00 'n Afvbo|\ f\eAnitu\it)ce. Oi|\ b^ pe^xf^xC 6 
5U|u\b mA]\ pn -oo c<mc -An |ii [^\] ^MtnfeA|\. A^suf "oo pnne e 
pein *\f\tncA ei-oigte, Agiif ceiD 'n-A uAtAt) Aguf 'n-A *\onAf\-An 
A|\ Am^\f *.\n 5^\i|\x)in. A6c aza nit) ce^*on-A, if xXtiilAit) tAflA 10 
T)o 'n fig ; A beic v\n luMf fin 1 Tno(i-t)^iL n^\ tn^M-one, 'n-A 
AonAf 'fA\n .\fbof Af a jLuinib, bf au lig ceA'onAX AX)tibf AtriAf, 
^5 fogn^vni -DO 'n Coinruit) CumA6zA6. 


After they had spent a while of their time thus in their choice 
of every pleasure, the king used to be displaying his friendliness 
to everyone according to his quality, and giving comforts 
to the poor as they would come to him every day. And he 
would give a space of time to hunting and the chase : 
and another space to the business of his land and country, 
reconciling the strong and the weak ; taking his meal and his 
food at midday thereafter, and solving questions and disputes, 
from everyone in general till the setting of the evening cloud 
and the going of the sun to rest. And thereafter he would give 
heed to his prayer and to his vespers; and there was an 
arbour in his garden, and a pile of stones in the arbour, and 
the king would say certain prayers on his knees on that same 
stone every day. 


As for John, son of the King of Sorcha, an evil thought 
came into his mind, and he made a compact and a league with 
some proud and shameless men that were in the kingdom, and 
he reveals the contents of his secret and his mind to them — to 
kill his brother, and to have the kingdom himself He collects 
a great host, and proceeds in a night march straight on till he 
was near the aforesaid arbour. For he knew that in that manner 
the king spent his time. And he made himself armed and 
accoutred, and comes all alone by himself towards the garden. 
Howbeit, thus the king happened to be — at that time he 
was alone in the dawn of the morning in the arbour on his 
knees, upon the stone we have mentioned, serving the Mighty- 

94 eACuriA rh^CAOir1vAn-iotAin 

iA|\pxif pofcl^t) A^ An mbuA6A\ll. poillfigeA^f An bu^C^ill 15 
"oo An f\i T)o beic <\5 binn-jAtD^xil a fAilm ^\5Uf a yAlz\\A6, 
Aguf ti^|\ 6tiit)e "ouine *oo t)ul i n-*i 6eAnn no 50 f cuijApex^^t) 
f e t)' A ujAtuMje. K\|\n-x\ 6lof pn tdo Sex^5<^n, t)^\5|i-Af fe cexinn 
An t!)UA\C-AlU\ •00 t)|Aife^.\"t). tDe^jACAXf An huA^A^lt A^\ 50 
pfioCnAiiiAC, A^uif ctiige^xf ^\\ [a] e^gcopc xx^uf a\\ [a] inne^ll :^0 
50 1|\A^X) [fe] ZAy, eif peill-gniorh "oo x)e-c\nxMti, no A]\ ci a 
-oeAnzA. <X5Uf ceix) mx^ji a \\A]X) An |ai, -Aguf |:o1llf15ex^f x>6 
SeA^An T)o tDeit inf An 'OOjiAf ^5 iAf\|\Ai"6 pofclintjte. 

'"teigCLMiA ifceAC mo "DeAptDiA^vcxMp/" Af An pi. 

"Hi liAirilvMt) fin If coif," a\\ An buA^AMll," no 50 fAbAif- ^5 
fe 1 me^fc "00 te^jlAi^ 'x'An gcuifc : oif ni cof AtrilA.\ fif 
X)ei5-5nK)ni -oo "oeAxnAtri lonA feilt-gniotri : 6if aza fe AftncA 
ei'Dijce, A^jiif *oo cl^oCloit) a X)eAlX) cuili)e^\fAC 6Aom jex\n- 
muioe A\\ ■OfoiC-'oeAlt) Agtif a\\ •Dfo6-'Dx\t." 

" Ceil AXgiif n^\ c^n niof ino X)o X)' X)foic-innfcne no "OO 30 
-o' rhio-U\bAfc*.\, aX ti)tu\CAill," a]\ An fi. " Ajtif ni tiArhlAi"0 
ATZA An j:-At)V)A]\ : acz if e^ccfxxnn^ij no *\llmufAi5 t^inig 1 
nx)utAi}^ tno tHMfDf^ACAfxi," a^ fe, " ^guf "o' u\f]VAit) congxinc-A 
fliu\i5 Agiif fotf Ai-oe ofin-fA a.\ CAinig fe. Aguf if Cfix) fin 
A fev\f5AX) e Ajuf fo cU\ocLoi"6 a t)eAlX) xxguf a t>eAnAm mA\\ .">5 
fin. Af;iif leigce^f ifce^C e 50 luAt." 

pofCALcAf An "OOf-cXf 50 luAt leif ^n mt)iu\CAMLL *.\|\ fUf^iL 
An fiog, Acz 5Uf t)ev\CvM|\ leif e, Aguf Lei^e^f Se^g^n ifce^t. 
Aguf "00 finne A]\ awm^ An fioj m^f a fAiti) Af a gLiiinit), 
Aguf If e beAnnugA'o "OO finne X)6 — eAt)0n tnin-lJLAic l3tiAt)A6 +0 
min--6eAniiu\r6e Ctiri"iT)Ac cfOf-ofT)A ClAif-leACAn coL5-t)ifeAC 
•OAitce Y)K\f-f AT)v\ cul-f AiiiAf clAi-uirii do tJi Aige X)o Cv\V)xMfc 
AmAC Ay A cfiuMLl UvMfcte. Agiif Af a cinuig t)oi)bvA, ^Nguf 
Af A culAit") cuTrcDuigce, A^iif f Aite^f 1 leit a f)fonu\ fo tfi 
'f An fi^ 50 cf oif i, 5Uf liiAfb jAn f uifeAt e. v\?;uf pilleAf 45 
Af An mbuACAiU ia|\ fin, Aguf ceA^^CAf a ceAnn X)" .\ niei-6e -o' 


The Knight of Prowess knocks at the door of the 
garden and seeks admission of the boy. The boy explains to 
him that the king is melodiously rendering his psalms and his 
psalter, and that it was not meet that anyone should go to 
him till he should leave off from his devotions. On hearing 
that, John threatens to break the boy's head. The boy looks 
attentively at him, and understands from his appearance and 
trappings that he has just done, or is about to do, a deed of 
darkness. And he comes where the king was, and shews him 
that John is at the door seeking admission. 

" Let my brother be admitted," said the king. 

" That is not right," said the boy, " till thou art in the 
midst of thy household in the court ; for he is not more like 
doing a good deed than a deed of darkness ; for he is armed 
and accoutred, and his modest, fair, proper form has changed 
to an evil form and an evil complexion." 

' Hide, and utter no more of thy ill-talking and insult, 
boy," said the king. " That is not the cause ; but strangers 
or foreigners have come to the patrimony of my brother," 
said he, " and to ask the help of a host and reinforcements of 
me has he come. And it is thus he is vexed and his 
form and his fashion are changed in that manner. Let him 
be admitted quickly." 

The door is quickly opened by the boy at the king's com- 
mand, though he thought it hard, and he admits John. And 
he made for the king where he was on his knees, and this is 
the salutation he gave him — to draw the fine blade (con- 
quering, of fine materials, ornate, gold-guarded, wide-grooved, 
straight-bladed, coloured, long-pointed, broad-backed) of the 
sword he had, from its treasured scabbard, and from its sheath 
of Bodhbh, and from its well-wrought cover, and he thrusts it 
into the king, in the side of his back, three times to the hilt, so 
that he killed him without delay. And he turns on the boy 
after that, and lops his head from his body with one blow 

96 eAcutiA rhACAOini-An-iotAiu 

^on-buiLle cUM-oim. Agup joifAeAf a jioll^ pein Cuige, xxgup 
ptif\xil^\f aM|\ a t)|AeAtn pein do 5xM|un Cuige 50 cinne^friAC, 
Agtif i^f\ Tnt)|\eit A]\\ t)6\X) fuA\yAX)A\\ au m6i|\-5niotn fin ullArh 
c^\|\ A gceAnn. 50 

CioibciA^cc; "DO eifiige^D^f eAfpog^x Agiif fjiuite, f^\oite 
*.\5tif fA.\5xM|AC 1^A CAt\\A6 pA 'n Am pn, ^guf 'do t)1•DeA'0x^|^ x^5 
binn-j^bx-Ml A fxMltn xijuf a f^lcpAt ^p l3^f\|\ x^5Uf xi|\ tAVylA^X) 
A-n cuijA, x^5up 'oo 6onncx^T)x^|\ A^^ peilt-gniotri pn xig a tieAnArh. 
Aguf "o' e1p5eA•Ox^|\ Aco^ip-oe c\\ot) Aguf cex^tpx^, Aguf lu6c 55 
rnoic-eifge -An b^ile rhoip p6 'n ^m pn ; Aguf b^ncjixitc ^^tif 
t)AnT).^lA nA cuifvce cex\'onx\ pn A\f\ ptnnneogxMt) p^ifpn^e 
po1fvleAtnx^ ^Ix^n-folufUA ha CACf\A6, Aguf Af\ gpAn^nAit) p|\- 
geAmnACA jloine ('0|\on5 t)ioti) A5 pojnAiti -00 'n Coinrbit) 
CutriA6cA6, A^iif T)|\on5 eile A5 "OjAuin Ajuf "oeA^-puAgAil fiO 
ATtiAil pA beAf •Qoit)) ; Aguf "DO ConncA-OAtA y^r\ iriAf An 
5ceAT)nA An peilt-gniorh Aguf An rhoif-peAtt pn A5 a "oeAnArh. 
"Oo leigOA'OAf A njolA x\|aT)a eAjCAOinceA^A Ajiip a n-enrrbe 
pAT)A i:iofv-t|\iiAi?;e Ajtif a f cfieAT)A cfUA"6-CAfCA, 50 n-oeAf- 
nAX)At\ ^w6c tiA CAtf^Ab eipge AtlArh AOin-p|\ f\e clop An <>'> 
ptJA^Aif fin iiile "Doit), gtif Da pAifpng foiji-leACAn fiof- 
Ait)t)feA(i An rn<3i|i-5niorfi fin a\\ peAt) ua CACf At tnle. 

ACc ACA nit) ceAT)nA, ni bAitfeACAf no AitriieAlCAf fo gAb 
SeAgAn : acc fo po^Aif 'ooif f e Agiif finifC|\it)e nA cCiifue Aguf 
nA cACf aC T)' pofclAt) "66, Aguf e pein Aguf a fluAg "oo 70 
leigeAn ifceAC 50 ItiAC. ptif AlAf An c-eAfbog <N5tJf Aoif  
uil^T) nA cAtfA6, A buAifle A^tif A bAfo-iriAite, Aguf pfion'i- 
CotnAi|\lij;e nA cAtfA6 -oo CAbAifvc tuige : Aguf -o' lAff oftA 
A |A iot;At) gAn irivMlif. Aguf ia|\ jcf uinnmjAT') Af Aon-CorhAifle 
T')6ib iiile, AT)tibf<.\T)Af T)' AiteAfC Aoin-beoil nAfb in-|ii 75 
peAf peilLe Af bit, Aguf "o' eAf AT)Af eifeAn tnme pn. tuAt- 
lonnmjeAf Aguf mCif-peAfgAf SeAjAn lAfArh Cfi-o pn. Agtif 
C15 Af AjAit) nA ciiifce mA\\ a bp6iceAt) An c-Aif\T)-eAfpo5 
Aguf An CorhAifle, Agiif if e fo fAib pu Annfin — 


of the sword. And he calls his own servant to him, and bids 
him summon his own followers urgently ; and when they 
came up to him, they found the great deed accomplished before 

However, the bishops and clerks, scholars and priests of 
the castle were arisen at that time, and they were melodiously 
rendering their psalms and their psalter on the top and the 
roofs of the tower, and they saw that deed of darkness a-doing; 
And the herds of kine and of cattle, and the early rising folk of 
the great steading were arisen at that time ; and the ladies and 
women of the same court were at the broad wide clear-sparkling 
windows of the castle, and the truly-gemmed bowers of glass 
(part of them serving the Mighty Lord, and another part at em- 
broidery and fine needlework as was their custom) ; and those 
saw likewise that deed of darkness and great treachery 
a-doing. They let out their high lamenting cries and 
their long truly-sad shrieks and their loud intermingled 
screams, till the folk of the castle rose briskly as one man 
hearing all that outcry, till published far and wide was that 
great deed throughout the castle, 

Howbeit, no repentance or remorse seized John ; but 
he ordered the doors and windows of the court and the 
castle to be opened to him, and that he and his host should 
be quickly admitted. He orders the bishop and ordained 
men of the castle, its nobles and chiefs, and the principal 
counsellors of the castle to be brought to him : and demanded of 
them that he should be crowned without ill-feeling. And 
when they were all collected to a united counsel, they said 
with one mouth that a treacherous man could not reign at 
all, wherefore they refused him. John is vehemently enraged 
and furious on that account, and he comes against the castle, 
where he saw the archbishop and the council, and this is what 
he said to them then : — 


98 eACCUA rhACAOlltl-An-lOlAlU 

" tuigitn ipo 'n t)|ri|A-'OK\ pof\-6fvt).i, xigup p6 ua -oeitit) 80 
A'6.\lit^ •^S^r neAtri-p-AiCfe^n-ACxi, x^5l1f pO ^Afi-o-jie^nnxMb tlirhe 
Agiif flx^orh-t^\lTrlA^n, muriA -oci^ci xMTKac, Aguf mo pio^At) g^n 
tnxMlif AttixMl If *ouAl, 50 n-im|Ae66<\'o me bp^on b^Aif -Aguf be^j- 
|M05<mI o\\A^X) pein ^\5Uf <.\p ^n mei*o x^ ^-Ab^f t)Uf\ bpAifC 'f<^^ 

5CAt>A1|\." 85 

^A^ n-A 6lof fin T)6it) \\o \^^meA^lu^^eA'6 50 mof 1x^•o, Aguf 
ADVibfx^'Oxif nA\|\ "CoCxMgeSeAjxSn T)o ttlx^fbx^'6 mic [a] AtA]\A a-^ui^ 
A mAtA\\A fein g^n C0151U 'ua fin -oo •t)e^\nArh OfCA fein. 
A^giif C15 fix^-o t)' *\on-toil .Aguf T)' xioin-rheinn 611150 (gion 
5Uf At) A\\ A miAn A tAr\^A-OA\\ tuige) A^5l1f "oo Cuif fiAX) 90 
cof 6in AijA, Agtif tu5f AT) gAifm Hi g^n pt\eAf AbfA t>6 of Afo : 
Agiif 5^6 f otlArhAin nA6 fAib "oo iriiAn a]\ 6a6 vo "OeAnArh t)6, 
•00 finne fiAT) Af e^glA "66 1. 

AgtJf tugfAX) lAfAtri e^fpog^, ffuite, Agiif cIia|\ n^ 
cuifce A^uf nA CAtf a6 T)' a n-ni'o A^iif -o' a n-Aijie "Dtit a\\ 95 
ceAnn cuifp An fiog : Agiif f o jAbf at) A5 a ^A^nA^ 50 mof , 

AgUf Ag CAOineAt) A bAlf, AgUf A5 CAbAlfC A teAf-ftlOlCA 

-oifle fein fAtf. Ajuf An c-Ai|\*o-eAfpo5 50 fonnfAt)AC : 
A^vif ■00 finne An Iaoi : — 

beAnriAcc a\\ AnrriAin ^n pijt 100 

UiofCAij-iT) Oij; fUAi|tce f Aoifi ; 
nioj riA SojicA ?;An beim, 
A tonc]\A -00 cAn If oitbeim. 

t)A TDAir An cuioc f o lie "oo linn, 

A cutiAiT) cAlrtiA cuil-pinn ; 105 

lAfc 1 n-inbeA|i, cnuAf i jcoill, 

C-|iuAC A|t 5AC i.-i|\-beAj;Ati f eA-}iAinn. 

ClAon J5AC CHOC, ti'onriiAti j;ac Iacc,^ 

f ionTriA-|t ^AC -ptAic -peAT) T)0 ClltTlACc'. 

ni -OeAfnAX)'' v^-Att pUT), ACC fO, 110 

A HI feAnv^itiAit riA Soiica. 

t)A poltAf ]\At "Oe T)o j;a|i ; 
Sib 5 An pioc, 5;An puAc. 5;An a|i. 
A HI nA-|ib -pAttfA 1 n-Am oil, 
bA minic Atmf a' &]\ aLcoiji. 


Proh;il)ly read CluAin j^ac cnoc. 'Lacc = luce. ^ ImJeAiinAX* MS. 


" I swear by the glorious True God, and by the unseen 
divinities that are worshipped, and by the planets of Heaven 
and Holy-land, unless you come out and crown me without 
ill-feeling, according to law, I will inflict the misfortunes of 
death and shortness of life on yourselves and on all in the 
castle who take your part." 

When they heard that they were greatly terrified, and said 
that it was not more likely that John should slay his own 
father and mother's son without sparing than that he should 
do the same to them. And they come with one mind and 
thought to him (although not with their desire did they come 
to him) and put a crown on him, and proclaimed him publicly 
King without Opposition ; and every solemnity that they were 
all unwilling to do for him, that did they for fear of him. 

And then the bishops, clerks, and clergy of the court and 
the castle gave heed and care to go for the king's body ; and 
they took to lamenting him greatly, and weeping for his death, 
and giving him his eulogy of loyalty. Especially the arch- 
bishop : and he made the lay : — 

A blessing on the soul of the man, of Richard the Younger, pleasant and free ; 
King of Sorcha without blemish, his slaying all think an infamy. 

Ciood was this country in thy time, O valiant fair-haired hero : fish in the 
creek, nuts in the wood, a stack on every tiny farm-land. 

Every mountain was a meadow (?) populous every company (?) rich in wine 
was every princedom all during thy power. No treachery, but this, was done 
tliroughout, () graceful King of Sorcba. 

Evident was the favour of God near to thee ; thou wast without wrath, with- 
out hate, without slaughter. () king who wast not unfaithful in the time of 
revelrv, often was an alms on the altar. 

loo e^CciiA rtiACAoit1i-An-iolAiu 

Sib itToe yA curiiT)Ac gcaII 120 

If bocc X)e ^x>^]\ -^]\X)-A^^p]\eAvu ; 
"Oo b' ^oibinn iX)' bjuij; ^eil pinn 
"Do ceAnn i muj;', j^ix) ifCAl. 

6 riAc eol -ouinn ieise^f tjo join, 

5uix)mix) 1ofA te c' AtimAin. jq- 

teAC, <\ ]ii piji-je^l, jAn locc, 

CuinmiT) A|i miLe beAnriAcc 

A li-AitLe tu\ Ixioit) fin ctn|\ce^\|A copp ^ti jxiog i n-eilex.\c- 
fiotn 6|At).\, xi^up bel|\ce-^^|\ 50 li^\i|v'o-e^\5l*Mf c-Aip-oionAlCA d' 
x^ cofiu^rh ; A.\5iif "oo ruAt)lx\CAt) e, m^\ille |\e tioi|\trii-oin x^guf 130 
f\e lionoi|\ rhoif\. Agtif cogx^x) ^\ Iia Of a\ tej^Cc^ ^^^15^, ^gtir 
"DO peAXfAT) Tu\ cltiiCte c^oince 1 gcoicCmne. Agiif 5At)xif 
An jii nUvAt) fin ceof a Ia xxgiif ceofiA lioi'oce a^ cfiuinniuj^At) 
exXTD^xlxx, tn^oine, Agtif mo|A-trixMte*xf-A a t)eA\ft!)|i^\CAf, ^5 
f uit)iu5At) Aguf xX5 focfug^t) muinncifAe n^ c^tf-At A^uy ua 1^^ 
cuifce, xxj^uf Ag •oexxnAiri cAi|\T)exxtM x^suf CAXf\^.\T)|UMt) t)6fem |Aiti. 

'Oo V)\ jU-Dijie 5|u\t)AC "DO corhAiiAle feiCfeiDig au fiioj fin 
"DO niv\f1i)A\t), not t)A li^nnfA leif fern t)' feA.\fiAit3 -An V)eAt^, 
Agtif If "oe A 50if\eA'6 111*01116 n^ Corh*M|\le. -Agtif c^Aini^ 
X)o l^\CAi|A -An fioj 015 fin, xxguf if e,A"0 xXX)ut)Aii\c — 140 

" Con.A6 id' 6eiTtieA^nn*Mt) t)o f ac, id' fio]5-5lAice*x(i-Ait) 
TDo 5;oil -Aguf X)o gxMfce, A lof *ifm A^vgtif iolcobxMj\ ; A^uy 50 
ineALlf AT) cu "oo fiojAcc Aguf T)o flAiceAf , a fig-milit) ! 
1f mAic A^uf If conAig An ^niotri fin *oo finnif, eAt)6n au fi 
•00 X)\ lAf ^cAiteAtii cf eirhf e moijAe x)' a Aoif Aguf "o' a Aitrifif 145 
•00 rhAfbAt) t)uic, Aguf An jiio^aCc T)o tjeic ajac pein Ajuf 
A5 -do cLoinn 6 foin ahiaC. Aj;uf nA|i Ctnbe Ainm t)A ui^xifle 
'nA ' CLAnn "Riog ' T)o jAifm -oo t>' Cloinn, Ajuf ' KiojAn nA 
Sof Ca ' T)' A mACAif. Agtif if Aitne t)Arii-f a uif.eAft)Ai'6e 
m6ife ofc 1 n-oiAiX) An •oeij-gnioiiiA tiT) gAn X)eAnArh fof. l;>0 
eAX)6n, injeAn Uiog nA ScitiA CAf Ia CAobtfom CAf f aC. 5^^CAf 
Agtif cuit3fi5ceA|\ leAC-fA 111, A^uf cuijiceAf 1 n-Aic -OAinsin i 
50 ceAnn nAOi iniof, niAf nA6 mbeAij AttiAfC no lomA^AllAtti 
•OAOineAD AIC1. ■<^5Uf rriA 'f mAC a beAffAf, bAfuijceAf 50 
liobAnn e ; Aguf niA 'f ingeAn a beAffAf, At6uifceAf A^iif 155 


Vesterdav it is thou who wast protector of churches and of the poor of (iod 
l)et\veen High Mass : pleasant was it in thy generous wliite fortress for one astray, 
iliough he were humble. 

Since we know not medicine for thy wounds we pray Jesus for thy soul : with 
iliee, ( ) truly bright king without ])lemish, we leave our thousand l)lessings. 

At the end of that lay the body of the king is put in a 
golden hearse, and is brought to the Cardinal's cathedral 
for its funeral ; and it was buried with veneration and great 
honour. And his stone was raised over his resting place, and 
the funeral rites were celebrated at large. And the new king 
spends three days and three nights in collecting the wealth 
and property and riches of his brother, in settling and arrang- 
ing the people of the castle and of the court, and in making 
for himself friendship and amity with them. 

There was a knight beloved, of the private council of the 
king who was killed, one dearer to him than all the men of 
the world, who used to be called the Knight of Counsel. He 
came into the presence of the young king, and thus he 
spoke : — 

'' Luck in thy paths be thy good fortune, in thy royal authority 
be thy valour and prowess, by reason of arms and all allies ; and 
mayest thou enjoy (?) thy kingdom and principality, O kingly 
hero ! Good and fortunate is that deed thou hast done, thy 
slaying of the king who had spent a great part of his lifetime, 
and taking to thyself and to thy children the kingdom from 
this out. And it were not fitting to call thy children by a lowlier 
name than 'childrenof a king,' and to call their mother other 
than ' Queen of Sorcha.' And I know of one thing thou 
greatly lackest, after that excellent deed, undone as yet. The 
daughter of the King of Scythia has become with child. Let 
her be taken and fettered by thee, and put in a stronghold to 
the end of nine months, where she will not have sight or con- 
verse of men. If it be a son that she shall bear, let him be 

I02 eACURA rtlACA0ini-<M1-10UMU 

ionnxX|\t)c*.\|\ 1 pein x\5tif An in5e^\n eile a tA\\lA ^ici, i jcjaioC- 
-Aib . cMnx\ coirrii5ceA(iA ; ^guf if ^^V' f^^ -^ ^^^f '<^^"' inCi|\- 
gniorh liT) g^n •Dio5x^l 50 bfiumne ^n tDf^ACA xiguf 50 poifiCe^nn 

1x0 tiufig .^iip'DiujAt) x\n fi mme 50 TToub-AifC — 160 

"Ip CxMjMf tinn -An Corh,<Mfle fin, xi Ui-oipe nA CorriAifle," 
A\\ ye, " ^swf t)ei"0 •AjA'otijAt) ceime -Agiif 5^ A'OxMtn t)uic pein 
|ie m' linn-pi -An Cotri-Aifvle 5|\.At),AC fin -a tuj-Af 'o.Atn. Aguf 
ni X)e^t> coinie,A"o nA tnnA fin a^ X)uine .Af bit -aCc -Ag-AC-f-A 
f6in ; -Aguf biot) -oo fog-A CAC^if T)' -a bpuiL 'f^^ cif-fe -a^-ac 165 
f-AOf, -Ajuf -A5 -DO fliocc 1 T)' "oi-Ai-O T)' -A Cionn fin." 

5^b,Af tliT)if e nA CorriAifle ^\ foj^ CAtf^C 50 n--A pe-Af-Ann 
f^of, A\y bofT) n^ f-Aiftige, m.Af -a f.Aib cii.An lon5x^C A^uy 
coftx^C, -Aguf inbe^t^ Mf c. puf-Al-Af lli-oife nA CorhAifle f-Aoij^ 
-A^uf m-Aifiuin -DO t-AbAifC tinge -Aguf ciif t)iot-6ftii5ce (?) 170 
'6-A1n5ex^n 'oioc-toCl^ii'oe "Oo -DeAn-Arh "ob, -Aguf -a C05-A1I 6 
tAlAm ; A^uy A cfi ceACf x^rhnx^ -oo beit 'f-^^^ bfxMffge, -Aguf 
g-An Atz -Aon ee-Atf-Ani 1 T)ce^nnc-A n-A cife re : 'oo bit)e-A-o.A|A 
f e-ACc n-Doiff e fe n--A n'Ofinx) ^guf fe n-^\ bfOfcUA-b, b t^l<\rh 
5Uf -An bfuinneog "oo bi Af -An Cfeomf a ua6z\\a6 'OO bi bf 175 
cionn UA f-Aiffge, -do 'n b-Aifle^Mi fin : .Aguf -Aon X)Ofxif ^rh- 
lA\X) Mf Ann-j-Afb 1 bfoifirneAll -Aguf 1 -oce-AnncA n-A ff^i-oe 
50 liioccf-AC -Af -An cuf fin. 

Aguf lAf mbeit iitU\rh f b toil -A trie*.\nmx\n pein m^f fin 
-oo 'n b-Aifle-An, cuife-Af -An fiojxNn -Aguf a liinge-An -Af -An 180 
cfeomf-A ux^bcf.AC fin, "oo bi bf cionn n,A f-Aiffge ; 1 n-Aic n^t 
f Akib -Afh^fc TDume no cif e -ac-a ; -Agtif f o f-Aj-Aib bi-A"b-A 
me^fAfO-A ACA, -Aguf fo f-Ag-Aib gl-Af -Ajuf 5eibe,Ann a\\ ^a6 
•oof^f b fin fiof 50 "oof-Af n^ ft^-Ame. Aguf f-A "otib-Ab 
i-A-ofxrn m.Af fin : bif ni f-AC-A'O-Af sniiif •o-Aon'O-A -Af bit, nb 185 
f-AX).Afc cife nb c-Alrh-An, feif, fe-A"6.A, nb fiof -tiifce — -Abe -An 
bbbn-A biot-bofb -Agtif -An f^ile fe-Afb-jl-Af ffuit-tionrh^f, 
-Agiif neoill e,AT)x\fbu^Mfex.\b.A au Aeif, A^uy cbrh5LtM1fe*^bc 


forthwith slain : and if it be a daughter, let her and the other 
daughter born to her be expelled and banished into distant 
foreign countries. Thus will that mighty deed be unavenged to 
doomsday and to the end of the world." 

The king was delighted with that, so that he said : — 

"Trusty we think that advice, O Knight of Counsel," 
said he, " and that friendly advice thou hast given me will be 
an elevation of position and esteem for thyself throughout my 
lifetime. And there shall be no custodian of that woman save 
only thee ; and let thy choice of the castles which are in this 
land be freely thine, and thy seed's after thee, on account of 

The Knight of Counsel takes his choice of a castle with its 
free land, on the border of the sea, where was a harbour of ships 
and of fruit and a creek of fish. The Knight of Counsel com- 
mands craftsmen and masons to come to him and build for him 
a tower without decoration, firm, that could not be under- 
mined, and to raise it from the ground ; three quarters of it to 
be in the sea, and but one quarter founded on the land ; there 
were seven doors to be opened and shut in that castle, from the 
ground to the window in the upper room that was over the 
sea ; and one door likewise to that tower, rough like iron, in 
the border and side of the street below. 

And when the castle was ready according to his mind in 
that manner, he puts the queen and her daughter in that upper 
room, which was above the sea ; in the place where there was 
not a sight of man or of land for them ; and he left measured 
articles of food with them, and left a lock and fastening on 
every door from that down to the street-door. And 
mournful were they thus, for they saw not the face of man at 
full, nor had a view of land or of country, of grass, of wood, or of 
fresh water — only the ever-raging ocean and the bitter, green, 
all-flooded salt sea, and the lofty clouds of the air, and the 

I04 eACcuA iii-ACAoitii-Aii-iolAin 

bi'Dif tin *oo x)05|\v\inn ^N^uf X)oil5e^\f. "oo CoiiiguiL *.\5tir "oo no 
jexif^n, xNguf x^5 p|A--6eoi[\-]:e^\ptvAin 5..\c l^. Aguf .\n fAiog.Mi 
50 fonn|i<\-6xi6, ^Ag ftntuMneAX) 1 n-*.\ me*.\nm^Mn gup tne^\r*\ 
lei 'ni A U\init)e..Mi^f -^5^T 'T^-^ t)Af *.\ luAoinpijA pox'ZA, -oS mbA 
mAC X)o X)eA]\'fA'6 fi. ^\ beic -o' a peice^Ati-i -o' ^\ Cu\\ 6um 1:).Mf 
t-tu\|\ fin 1 n-A -pu\T)nAife. '0^\iA Ki-oife n<\ Com^MjAle, -do ii»5 
tijeAt) T)' ^ 5Cu.\|ACU5*^•D 5^0 l^\ nC 5-^6 -OAtAA l^, T)' -piof nA 
fiiojTiA xi^uf An coijA^if : xxgup 5^0 iumja "do ■i:uApfui5ex.\'6 ^n fi 
fcex^lA nA|\i05n*.\ "oe, ^Deifie^-o-iMn nA6 "oc^Mni^ ^n ct11fmex^X) 
•DO "n ingin pof, *^5u^ *o-^ 'ociocfAt) 50 t)|:iii5e<\"6-f-cAn fce^lAN 
u^Mte 50 pf Ap. 200 

Ciot)Cfi6c ^A]\ ^^-^o\r^lAnAt> 1^AO^ iniof X)' ingin jtiog nA\ 
SciciA, 5At)v\f bfie^f A bfiojA ^S^r ^^UAn io'6nv\ 1, a^u]" beipe^f 
gem rhin, rii^CxinCvX, feimit), i^6--^^At)A6, fiot^AncA, bUMt, 
b^iU-ge^l, 5|AUxAt)-cojiC|u\, 's^]-'ZA, 5ev\n<Airi<ML, jnuif-^UxMnn. 
rhxMfexiC, rhei|A-le<\t)<M|u tnic -oo 'n mof-tuifmeA\'0 fin. 205 
5UCAf i-oi|\ A -OA Uitri e, xiguf jUNn^f -^SUf 5ri'i^"'^^5^*^r ^■ 
-Aguf mA\\ tonn^ijic ^n b^intAi'ojAn <\n nAoit)e*.Mi ^lAinn 
iol6t\otA.AC fin, lionx\f t)' x^ feifc .\5ufT)' <\ fif-ionnuMne ^n 
c^n fin, Agiif po5<\f 50 -oil ^guf 50 x)ioe|u\ e ; ^guf t)Mt)c.\f 
*oo L<\cc A coi|\|\-cio6 iotnt)lvMc b^iLlje^l bunfxMii*.\|A pein 210 
e, Aguf lei5e^\f 1 n-A fu\-utuMfe A]\ An -DOfAAf Afo e, Agiif 
CAoi-oeAf 50 ffAfAC fAlcniA|\ fi|\-neitiineA6 of a Cionn Aguf 

A-DUbAlfC — 

" AiiA-o-fi riime A^uf nAOtiicAliiv\n " Af fi " Ajuf .\ 
Cfutuijceoif tu\ Cfinnne ceACAfOA ! If nuMfg T)Af "OeonuJAt) 215 
z iomcA|\ 1 n-A b|\oinn fein gonm^^e fo, Aguf gAn Aon itiac 
AIC1 fein no Ag c' AtAif aCc zu, Aguf jAn a ceAX) aici 
oileAttiAin no Alcfom 6 f o f tiAf 50 bf At ! " ^Nguf lei^eAf A]\ 
A jluinib lAf fin, Agtif iAj\fAf A|\ An Cfionoi-o UfeAn-togCA 
Cfi-peAffAnAC -oeAg-coriiAifle "oo liunneAt) -ui, 11 tn An niAC 220 
fin -DO cuf 'fAn bfAiffge fui "ooeifeax) fi fein T)'a 6u\\ cum 


shining of the heavenly bodies and of the planets, glaring 
every day. They were full of sorrow and misery, weeping 
together and lamenting, and raining long showers of tears every 
day. And the queen especially, thinking in her mind that 
worse than her imprisonment and the death of her wedded 
husband did she think her expectation, if it were a son she 
should bear, that he would be put to death in her presence. As 
for the Knight of Counsel, he used to come to visit them every 
day or every second day, to get news of the queen and of the un- 
born child ; and every time that the king used to ask him news 
of the queen, he would say that the birth had not yet come to 
the lady, and if it should come he would get news of her 

Howbeit, when the nine m^onths were fulfilled to the 
daughter of the King of Scythia, strong seizure of pain of 
chil^-birth take her, and she bears a smooth, excellent, tender, 
lovable, tranquil, beautiful, white-limbed, ruddy-cheeked, 
cunning, lovely, fair-faced, graceful, pliant-fingered child — a 
boy — in that birth. She takes him between her two hands 
and washes and tends him ; and when the queen saw the beau- 
tiful comely babe she fills with love and lasting affection for 
him, and kisses him affectionately and vehemently, and feeds 
him with the milk of her fair, white, broad-based breasts, and 
lays him down before her at the lofty door, and weeps over 
him in showers and floods bitterly, and said : — 

'' King of Heaven and Holy-land ! " said she. " Creator of 
the four- fold universe ! Alas for her who was permitted to 
bear thee in her womb till now ! Not a son but thee to 
her and to thy father, and no leave to nourish or foster thee 
from now for ever ! " And then she falls on her knees and 
asks the mighty, exalted Trinity of Three Persons to teach her 
good counsel — whether to cast the boy in the sea before she 

io6 eACUUA iiiACAOirri-An-iotAin 

Mif e, no lei];;e*.\n "oo no 50 mb6x^|\pAt) 'RiX)i|\e n^ CorriAifte 
Aif\, 'o'feACAmc Au 'or:\oc'jpAt> X)o iniopbxMlTbit) "O^ Ann, "oe-Aj- 
C|AOit)e "o'lmijAC pAip. 

5^1 piD l3ex.\5 u\|\ fin T)i 50 tJfACA An Acuilt uAfAt, eAt)6n 225 
An c-eAn x)'a n5oif\ceA|A Ar\ c1oIa|\, Cu6a 1 bppitit) nA pof\- 
niAimeince Agwf 1 neAllAit) eAX)A|\ti)tiAif eAciA An Aeif : guf 
tuifiling A|\ CAijifig An t30|\Aif Ai|\'o fin, Aguf fineAf An "Oa 
6fot) c|\A5A(iA CAtm-ingneACA 6|Aut)A6A 1 •ocitnteAll au leint), 
A^uf f UADuigeAf leif 1 neAllAib ceACA 1 5c6iriT6eA6c nA 230 
5A0ice gLofAige e, 6f cionn nA riAi"6t)eife Allrhu|\t)A lon^An- 
CAije eoCAf-gAifmije A?;uf nA bocnA bfonncAige fAifpnge 
biou-jAifbe, no 50 n-oeA^Ait) Af finn a fuifc Agtif a f\At)AifC 


xXguf iA|\ n-A f Aicf in fin -do 'n mbAin|\i05An Ajuf X)' a 235 
liingin, buAiliD A mbAfA Aguf bfifix) a mbfuic, CAifn^iX) a 
bfuilu Aguf A bfionnfAt), Aguf fCfeA-OAix) 50 C|\uai5 cuiff^AC, 
■^'S^V fi^ix) pfAfA fAlcriiAf\A fTf-fliu6A X)f\u6ctriAfA "oonn- 
bf AonA^A CAf A ngfUAi'oib gnOif-^eAlA cofCf a, A^Uf if f uaII 
nA6 •ocAn5AX)Af AifgeAnA bAif Aguf buAin-eAgA Aguf "o'lm- 240 
T)ibe f A05A1I "00 'n fiogAn A5 fAiCfin An fUA^OAig a li-A0in- 
rhic. A^uf DO b' peAff lei Annfin e "oo beit f6 Ainbfieit 
Ili-Dife nA CotriAifle 'nA a f uat:)a6 Af a p lA-OnAif e triAf fin. Agtif 
cuiceAf pem 1 "ocAifib Aguf 1 "ocAiriineAllAib bAif: Aguf ia|\ 
tnbeit ACAiT) mA\\ fin"Oo eifjeAf Agiif jAbAf A5 A]tX)eA\y A^uf 945 
A5 lonuMtbeAf Af An gcineAtiiAin gceAlgAig ^cftitgfAnnA 50 
nx)ubAifc — 

" A f AOjAil tf eAn-riiALlACCAig geAf-CoingeAlLAij CeAl^Aig 
■OfoC-ctibAifcig! 1f beA5 •OAtii-fA nio rtiAllA^c Ofc, 6 'n tiAif 
f o tO^Aif mo CeAnn liom 6 tof aC, Aguf cugAif mo fojA 250 
Ceile Aguf cocrhAifC "OAm X)' peAf Aib r\A CAltriAn ; Aguf An 
tiAif bA fio^An Af An cSof 6a 50 foileif me, "do tAifbeAnAif 
T)05fAinn jfAnnA •6oi-x)eAlbAC *6Am An CAn fo bAinif fi nA 
SofCA "oiom Agtif nAC "ocugAif Aon-bAf Aguf Aon-oit)eAt) 


should see him put to death, or leave him till the Knight of 
Counsel should take hold on him, in the hope that some of the 
miracles of God should come to give him generosity. 

A little while after that she saw the noble aquila, that is, 
the bird called the Eagle, coming to them in the expanse of 
the firmament and in the lofty clouds of the air ; till he 
swooped on the threshold of the lofty door, and stretches his 
two hand-like crooked-clawed taloned feet round the child, and 
carries him off in the rain-clouds with the roaring wind, over the 
.strange, wonderful, noisy-bordered sea and the generous broad 
ever-rough ocean, till he went beyond the limits of sight and 
of view away from them. 

And when the queen and her daughter saw that, they 
strike their hands and tear their raiment, pluck their hair and 
their locks, and shriek sadly and woefully, and pour flood-like 
wet, dew-like, brown-dropped floods of tears over their white- 
faced ruddy-cheeks, and it is a wonder that symptoms of death 
and certain dissolution, and of cutting short of life did not 
come to the queen as she saw the carrying off of her only son. 
She thought it better then that he should be under the unjust 
judgment of the Knight of Counsel than carried off from 
before her in that wise. And she falls into swoons and deathly 
faints ; and after being a while in that state she rises and begins 
to reproach and revile her deceptive, hideous fate, so that she 
said : — 

" Oh life ! with heavy curse, with bitter pledge, treacherous, 
evil-fated 1 Little I think my curse upon thee, from the 
time thou didst raise me up at the first, and gavedst 
me my choice of a husband and a match of all the men of the 
world ! When I was undoubted Queen of Sorcha, thou didst 
show me a horrible hideous sorrow in that thou didst rob from me 
the King of Sorcha, and didst not give us one death and one fate 

io8 eACuUvA niACAoim-AtMOlAin 

f)uinn ^.\\\ A()^^. uS\\ cogjA-Aif fin •oo i)e*.\tiAMi"i, if CfiuM^^ n^f '2')5 
leigif niAC X)iLif "oion^iiuvlA UT) ^n f^iog beo A5<\in, T)'fej>6Ainc 
^\n T)Ciut!)fAt) X)\A X)6 A AtA]]\ T)o t!)105^\1 iu\if 6151 n, ^Njuf 50 
int>v\ tmn^vMfDuigAi) me^\tim*in A.\5iif AM5ev\nc^ •OA)ii-f*.\ <\ beit 
A5 eifceACC ]\e fojAf ^\ 5oc*\-f^\ *.\5Uf pe t)innf)|\u\tf<Mt:) a 
V)eoit 1 n-ion^T) [a] ACAf a jonuige fin ! Agtif f6f 6 nACx^p ■2<'0 
toilijif fin, If cfiuMj nAC fe^f^C tne fein 50 *ociocrA.\t) 'f^n 
CfAojAl nit) 6151 n "OObeAff aitj Ui*oife n^ CotiiAifle *^5Uf 
1xiT)ife An 5-'*irci"o com bocc liom fein Anoif, jAn |\un fAic- 
feAnA A j^cloinne no a inbAn ACA-fAn 50 bf ac ; X)' fCAC^inc. 
An x)ciocpAT)Aoif niAf ACAim-fe, gAn rriAc gAn fCAf." ^65 

Aj^uf x)o finne An lAoi niAf leAnAf — 

mo ttiaLIacc ojic, A cineAriiAin 

LeAjt C65AX) me 6 rofAc ! 
Oc ip ■c|UK\t^ I -oo TTlllleAbAH 

mife CAji irin^Mb ^n x)orriAiri. 270 

T)" AinT)-|iii^ SoiiCA (f Aot)-iiAine) 

Uu^Aip inife mA\\ ceile — 
1f rjiiiA^ iu\c le^bA Aon-uoiije 

f UA]u\p If mo ceAT)-peAtt ! 

O iu\c CAT) Acc m' puiiteAC-pA S"5 

Cah eip m' Aon-jfiATJ if m' Atinp a. 
If cf UAJ TiAC mAifeAnn mo cui-oeACCA 

A5Am j^An 5UAif mAf bcA ! 

Oc If cnuAJ ! mo fmiOjiAjAn, 

Oij^pe Ui-T)if e nA ScaC^a, -80 

'Ca 'yn<\ cfobAib fe hioLAjtAti 

llAim 'f At) f Aile feA^b-jLAn ! 

5^An mo fi'nl ^te ti-A AmAfc-fAn 

Af n-imceAcc iiAim mAji CAit'^bfe ! 
CiK\n mo cuijtp if m' AnmA, 285 

nAc imje em of coAnn fAiff3:;e I' 

Or A tiiTjife HA ComAifle 

Ajiif A UiT)if e An JAifCit) ! 
If Cf uAJ; x^An X)' fiACAib ofAib-fe 

v^ATi buf gclAiin 50 bfAC ■o'fAicfin ! 2;)C 

6'f ru fem. a cin(v\iiiAin 

Cu5;aV) Af •ocuf T)Aiii-f a — 
(Vf leif nu' -XH) liiiLlt'AbAf 

If liom o]\z mo riiAllACC ! 

uit) ('()in op cPAr.n pAifif5;e. MS. 


together. Since thou vvilledst not so to do, alas that thou 
didst not leave yon darling, worthy son of the king alive with 
me, to see whether God would give to him to avenge his father 
some time, and that I might till then have gladness of heart 
and mind in the hearing the sound of his voice and the tuneful 
words of his mouth, in place of his father ! And since that 
also thou didst not will, alas that I know not that there will 
come something in the -world that shall make the Knight of 
Counsel and the Knight of Prowess poor as I am now, without 
power to see their children or their wives for ever ; to know 
whether they will come to the state where I am, without son or 

And she made the lav as follows : — 

My curse on thee, O fate whereby I was upHfted from the first. Woe is me I 
Thou hast destroyed me beyond the women of the world. 

To the High King of Sorcha (a fooUsh match) thou gavedst me as spouse- 
alas that it was not the bed of one grave that I got with my choicest husband ! 

Since there is nothing for it but my surviving after my only love and my dear 
one,, alas that my companions do not remain by me without deadly peril ! 

Woe is me ! my little man, heir of the Knight of the Chase, who is in the 
talons of the eaglet away from me on the bitter-clear sea ! 

Without my expecting before I saw it, going from me like a phantom — O 
Harbour of my body and my soul, would that there were no path for a bird over 
the sea ! 

O Knight of Counsel and Knight of Prowess ! Alas that there is no penalty 
on you that you should not see your children for ever ! 

Since it is thou, O fate, that wast given to me at first— since it is even me 
thou hast destroyed, upon thee I leave my curse ! 

no gaCcua rriACAOirii-An-ioiAin 

A li^itle n.\ lv\oi'6 fin A-otitixMfC au jAiojAn — 295 

" Sciii|\ex\m X)\\\\ 1^^eA\\-(:Ao^r^eA'6," a\\ fi, " xiguf ^l<\n- 
-p^AtnAOiT) A\\ tigtnuf e <\5Uf A\y n^lAn-Aijte : 6if\ if g^ifi-o 50 
-Dce^Cc Ixi'oife tiA CotriAit\le CugAinn : xN^iif 'o^\ t)f.\5xMt) tn^xf 
fo finn, if *Ofo6-t)v\fAMriAil "ootDe^ffA'o -ouinn, A^5l1f T)Ob 
f?ei*oif gtif At) e Af mbAf t)o tiocfA-6 Af." 300 

Aguf *oo finnfeAt) ArhlAi'6 fin. 


X)aIa fio5 nA So\\(:a lomoffo, \\o ftnuAin 1 h-a riiex^ntriAin 
fern 50 -ocAinis hA]\]\ of cionn 11A01 tniof, tiO Cfi f Aice, 6 6uif\ 
fe intern fioj riA Scitu\ le lliT)i|\e ha CotiiAifle, Aguf tiaC 
-ocus f ceAlA An coif Cif cuige. Aguf if 1 GAfArhAil "oo GAin 
Af fin — guf f 115 An fio^An rriAC, Aguf "oo bfij; An 5t\At:)A A5Uf 5 
An cutriAinn "oo bi Aige pein 6 'n AtAif a^^^]' 6 ingin fio$ 
nA SciciA foitrie fin. guf 6uif fe An mAC "o' a oileAiiiAin Aguf 
•o' A leAfiijAt) Of ifOAl no 50 mbeAt) infeA"OniA, Af a 
5C<3ife66Ai) bAf [a] AtA\\A Aif fein Aguf Af a ClAnn tiAif 
ei^in : Aguf guf itnif fe ^liocAf A^uf inio-toinjeAll Aif fein 10 
triAf fin. Aguf f A5f Af a eAgtutriAnn "66 50 cinneAfnAC. Aguf 
ni (iomntii"Oe 'oo finne no 50 'ocAini^ 50 cuifc tliDife luv 
ConiAifle. tTlof-fAiluijeAf An fi-oife foitri An fij. 

" If CcMfif T)iiinn T)Af n-ooig An f Alice fin, " *bAif An f i ; 
"Aguf beifceAf a\\ ciiAifc Cum nA fiojnA finn j^o bfeAfAitn- 15 
re An clAnnrriAf 1." 

T)o finnfeAT) AiiilAii), ax:,u]^ lAf nT)eAfCAt) T)o ['n] fi^ Af 
An fiogAn 50 ffioCnAniAc!;, triAf nA6 l)fiiAif fe inneAll ninA 
coffAije tiifci, fAiinf uijeAf An CAifleAn ,so nixMC 6 n-A bAff 
gontiise A bonn. A^iif mA]\ n<\6 bftiAif clAnn innce no aici 20 
X)'a iiiev^\f fein, C115 ninA iiiLtiiAf a j:;Iioca Ciiije X)'a ■OeAfbAf) 


At the end of that lay said the queen : — 

" Let us cease from our bitter weeping," said she, " and 
we will cleanse our faces and our white countenances ; for it 
is a short while to the coming of the Knight of Counsel to us ; 
and if he find us thus he may have some evil surmise con- 
cerning us, and perhaps our death might result from it." 

And so they did. 


Now, concerning the King of Sorcha, he thought in his own 
mind that the end of nine months, or three seasons, had come 
since he put the daughter of the King of Scythia with the 
Knight of Counsel, and that he had not given him news of 
the unborn child. And this is the suspicion he deduced from 
that — that the queen had brought forth a son, and that, 
because of the love and affection he had had before from 
the father, and from the daughter of the King of Scythia, he 
had put the son for fosterage and education secretly till he 
should be able for service, whence he would settle for the death 
of his father upon [the king] himself and on his children at some 
time ; also that he had played a trick and a breach of trust upon 
himself in that manner. And his unfriendliness waxed hot 
against him, and not a stop did he make till he came to the 
court of the Knight of Counsel. The knight made the king 
heartily welcome. 

" No doubt that is a trusty welcome,'' said the king. 
" Now, let us be conducted to visit the queen, to see if 
she have a child." 

They did so : and when the king looked attentively at the 
queen, and did not find on her the deportment of a woman 
with child, he ransacks the castle well • from top to bottom. 
And finding no child born or unborn with her, so far as he 
could see, he brought knowing expert women to assure him 

112 eACcuA niACAOim-Ati-ioiAin 

t)6 iu\|\ Inrc) co|\f\v\C i: ^vgtif k\h n-A p<\icfin fni -doiId ^•oub- 

" A Ui'Oit\e tu\ Com<M)Ale " a]\ au pi " c^ t)puil .mi coif\6eAf 
.v-oubjiAif 1)0 belt .\5 injin jaioj n^ Scicu\ ? " 25 

'Hi f:eix)i|\" A]\ A^^ lAiDipe, " v\ ei5e^\|\tu\, .xtc mun.\ bpuiL 
fe mnce f^ein pof, no mun^x nT)eA[\nA fi pein "oiAoiC-biieic eigin 
|:|\if, x)'e.\5Lv\ 50 gcuifpimif Cuir. IVAip 1 n-A pK\-6tu\ife e." 

" 1f "oeirinn linti nA.\c*.\|\ tiiiLL fi c.Mn a b|A()nii pein "pdf " 
.\H v\n HI " A-\5iir 5<^ n^bA rnifce lei_ .\ liu\f "oa iniLlpev\t) T)uine 30 
eile e. Agiif tii ruMiilxMt) fin azA An cuif " .xja ^\n |\i " Acbc "oo 
ciiHieAlM|\-f A *.\n le.\nb X)' a oile.vtiuMn ^\5Uf 'o'a.x le^\f ug^xt), p.\ 
coinne mtnlcfe -o' .\ ■Dex.\nx.\rh u*Mf\ eigm eile. '^meAX) ce<\T)iuA, 
ni hA conu\oin le^\c-fA An c-olc fin 'Oxi n-oeA.\nc.\|\ ofm-f.A e." 

Ajuf u\f '|\.\X) nA rnb|\eit|\e [fin] -oo 'n fij;, txAngvN-o^f 3-'' 
•Cx\t*.\nnA lonroA e^xgfxMiiLA -66 tie fUA\tnuMfe ^Ajtif fe fll16.^t) 
n^ feifge. Cfiotninge^f *^5t1f mie^v^Luije.xf txi-oife n*\ 
CotiuMfle 50 m6f ax; f.\icfin ^n fiog A]\ au ofotijAi) ^-^uy A]\ 
x.\n inneAlL fin, A5Uf |\e cLotfCin a b|\eit|ie ; ^\suf ]\o bi ^x?; 
fio|\-5x.\biil A Leitf ce.Al, ^vjiif niof t;.\b An fi fin lUMt). lX\ -^^ 
loinne.\c liit5;^\i|\ex.\6 An fio^An 6 belt Ag eifce^Cc |\e 
bOfb-bfiAtfAib fin An fioj, Ajuf -oo fmuAin aici fein 1 n-A 
meAnrriAin 50 "ocuiCfAit) Cfe m6if-rhiO|\bAiLii)ib "Oe Aguf nA 
Ufionbi-oe Ufe-peAffAiuMj bAf X)' imifc fof I'lx^ife nA 
CotiuMfle "fAn bfeill Agiif 'fAti bfionj^AiL X)o tionnfCAin 1 45 
n-AJAit) A bAoin-mic fein gontiije fin. Cio-OcfACc if gAifiX) 
X)o bi An lotnAj^AllAtn 6AinceA6 fin \t)\\\ An fij^ Agiif Umife 
nA ConiAifle. An CAn a tAinig b|\6T) Aguf bof f f ax) Aguf X)AfA6c 
X)ioniAif 'fAn f.ig, A^iif fuf AlAf cimeAC cpeApAilce CfUATJ- 
6iiibfic;te do ^eAnAtii X)o niX)i|\e nA CoiiiAifle, Agiif mA\\ nA6 50 
bfiuMf AX)niAil An coifCif fo. fUfAlAf A 6fo6AX) 1 bfiAX)nAife 
A tiinA Agiif A 6loinne Ajiif a nunnncife ; Agiif if a]\ ei^in 
AtAfftuijeAX) A beAn Agtif a 6lAnn Aif 5;An cfocAX') 1 bfiAT> 
tiAife 6ai6. Ciiifix) fe cu|\nAiX)e eileof ceAnn An bAile Aguf nA 


that she was not with child ; and when they saw, they said 
that she was not. 

" Knight of Counsel," said the king, " where is the unborn 
child thou saidst was with the daughter of the King of 
Scythia. " 

'• I know not," said the knight, " my lord, unless he be 
still unborn, or unless she have played some evil fate upon 
him lest we should put him to death before her eyes." 

" I am certain that she has not yet marred the curve of 
her womb," said the king, " and that she would be worse for her 
haste if another should mar it. And not thus is the case," 
said the king : " but you have put the child out for fosterage 
and education, that he might exact a mulct some other time. 
Howbeit, that evil were no advantage for thee, were it done 
upon me." 

After saying those words there came to the king many 
different colours with hatred and with boiling of rage. The 
Knight of Counsel trembles and is terrified greatly on seeing 
the king in that state and condition, and on hearing his words ; 
and he kept prosing out his excuses, which the king did not 
accept. Joyful and exultant was the queen at hearing 
those rough words of the king, and she thought within 
herself that through the great marvels of God and of the Trinity 
of Three Persons death should come to be inflicted on the Knight 
of Counsel for the faithlessness and treachery he had under- 
taken against her only son, until then. . However, but a short 
time were the king and the Knight of Counsel at that abusive 
discourse, when there came excitement and swelling and mad- 
ness of pride over the king, and he commands a bound fettered 
captive to be made of the Knight of Counsel, and as he got no 
confession of that birth, he orders him to be hanged before his 
wife and children and followers ; and scarcely were his wife and 
children saved from him so as not to be hanged before them 
all. He puts another servant over the steading and the 

114 GACunA rhACAOini-An-iotAin 

•ouitCe fin A tti5 f e T)o 'n |\iT)i|\e jAoniie fin, stifxit) mAp fm -oo 55 
ctncig x\n pijA-'OM fOf\0f'6x\ fe^ll lliDife n^ CorhxMple a]\ x.\n 
fiog^n goninge fin. 

ACc 6exinxi, *oo |\inne ^n fi f ^nnfujAt) fi6-C|\UAt) -Af -An 
fioj^n f^\ x\T)rhAil An coi|\f(iif fo iii|Ati, Agtif niAf nA6 bftiAif, 
A-DUt^AifC gufi Coif A bifujAt) 50 liobAnn. A6c A*oubf\*.\'OArv 60 
niAite Agtif mof-UAifle a 'Of ex\mA fif nA|\ Coif fin a •6eAnAtti, 
Ajtif 5iif 66fA A tiAc6iif Aguf A tiionnAfbAt) Af An ^CfioC 50 
c6irh-iomU\n, 1 n-Aic nA6 mbeAf f a"d An fi AtriAfC uifti fein n6 
A]\ An injin, Aguf nAC gcltnnfeAt) a fceAlA o fin ahiaC 50 
bfAt. T)o cfioCnuigeAt) An coiriAifle fin aca, Aguf tug An 05 
fi jAifm Cf AfT) ctiicirh T)0 beit Aige fein Af rriAOin Aguf 
Af itiof-iriAiteAf Aon-'oinne 'DobeAffA'D biAt) no "oeot "oi fein 
no -o' A Viinjin 6 CeAnn feACC Ia aitiaC. Ajuf fupAlAf 
fCAOileAt) *6i Af An bfoifm fin, Aguf fAjAf An fi An bAiLe 
lAfArh, iAf n'oeAnAiti An Cfo6cA Agtif An lonnAfbCA fin -06. 70 
5vif triAf fin *oo fug An pif-'OiA fOf6f"6A, 11 A^CAf An nA 
Cf uinne, bfeic "CifeAC Af Ui-oife ha CorhAifle 'yAn bfeiU "OO 
tionnfCAin 1 n-AjAi'^ a tigeAfnA Aguf a bAintijeAfnA A^Uf a 
n-oigfe *oilif "DiongrhAlA toiUj "Oia "oo teA6c eACOfCA. 

T)aIa nA fiognA A^tif nA tiinjine buAi'6eAftA, "do CuA'OAf 75 
1 gcottiAif le, Aguf x)o ftniiAineAT)Af gobfuisiTDif fein bAf 'oo'n 
jofCA ful -00 fA5fAiT)if An cif fin : Agvif gtif Ab Cmge fin T)0 
tug An fi An fogfAt) fin aitiaC fo 'n cif . 

" Aguf A injin "Oil," Ay^ f 1, " If Aitne X)Am-f a iriAf a f aCaiti 
Af 6 'n njAifm ut). Cif f AjfAtn nA bemij liogA lAn-tiiAifeACA so 
AZA A^Ainn fe mnAib lUMfle eigin 'f^^"" ^i^ '""o 'fAn gCACAif, 
Ajiif ceAnneocAm emig beAgA bo6cA T)fO(i-t)AtA nocb fojnAf 
•DO -OAOinib boCcA : Aguf cuiffeAtn "oeAlb jfAnnA x)iiib-neACA 
A^ Aii\ ngnuifib Aguf a\\ a]\ nglAn-Aigtib, Agtif beini A5 lAff Ait) 
-oeifce 6 cif 50 cif nO 50 bpingeAtn eolAf Af An Scicia, 50 35 
bfeAf fAm An mbeAffAm beo a\\ a "otiL a\\ -airiAf m'AtAf a," a\\ 


patrimony which he had given to the knight before, and thus did 
the glorious True God avenge the treachery of the Knight of 
Counsel upon the queen till then. 

Howbeit, the king made a very severe examination of the 
queen to get a confession of this birth of her, and when he did 
not get it, he said that she ought to be put to death at once. 
But the chiefs and nobles of his following said that that ought 
not to be done, and .that it was more fitting to expel and 
banish her from the country altogether, to a place where the 
king would never have a sight of her or of her daughter, and 
where he should not hear news of her from that out for ever. 
That counsel was agreed upon by them, and the king published 
a proclamation that he would fall on the goods and wealth of any 
one who should give food or drink to her or to her daughter 
after the end of seven days. And he bids her begone in that 
fashion ; and the king leaves the steading after that, after 
finishing the execution and the banishment. So that in this 
wise did the glorious True God, Ruler of the Universe, inflict 
a direct judgment on the Knight of Counsel in the treachery 
he undertook against his lord and lady and their dear and 
fitting heir which God willed should come between them. 

As for the persecuted queen and daughter, they counselled 
together, and thought that they would die of hunger before 
they should leave that land : and that it was to that end the 
king published that order through the land. 

" And my dear daughter," said she, " I know how we shall 
evade that proclamation. We will leave the precious beautiful 
garments we have with some noble women of the land or of the 
castle, and will buy paltry, poor, ugly-coloured garments, such 
as serve for paupers ; and we will put upon our faces and fair 
countenances an appearance hideous and morose ; and we 
will be asking alms from land to land till we get knowledge of 
Scythia, and till we shall know if we shall succeed alive in 
going to my father," said she. 

ii6 eAcutu\ riiACAoini-Ati-iolAMn 

"Oo tMnneAt) .AttiUix) fin leif tv\ CAoim-inge^NruMt), A^uf 
PilUvMri-o f\6mpA A]\ An r^rhAil fin. ^Aguf >-^*o ^^-p -61^01 C-inneAll 
bocc -oeiiAeoil, 6 tij 50 05 x^5nr 6 t).Mle 50 t)Aile ; x^5«r 90 
An c-ion^x) 1 n-A t)p<\5;AiT)ir yleAt) a^u\^ pe.\r^xi foirhe fin, 
111 mo 'tv\ mi|\ t>eAj^ no rpp«i^l-e<\6 -do ceilgti cuca x.\n ium|\ 
pn ; Aguf *oo ^itnigTDir ca6 nile, x\5tif ni Aicnije^At) Aon 
•Duine i^*o-f An. 

Ciiifc c^AjAA-o Agiif coirri-6eile 'oo 'n fiojAn 1 n-A jVAit) 95 
fi 50 tninic jAoirhe fin, Aguf CAflA t)i oitxie Aifice a ti)eic 
innce 50 'oeifeoil 'D|\oic-t)iAt)A(i ; Aguf lAf ftnuAineAt) "00 'n 
fiiogAn A feAt)Af "DO jeibeAt) fi fern leif An gcuifc fin 
foirrie fin, ^AliAf cuiff e niof Aguf *oul3ACAf 'oeAfttiAif 1, Ag 
fmuAineAX) [a\\] An cf Ai'oGfif a fUAif\ fi Af\ "ocuf Agtif a luO 
bo6cAine fein fo 'n Am fin. Aguf *oo CAn An Iaoi Ann — 

mAic Anocv mo culAix)-fe, 


CuIai-o mriA j^Art yeA]\-nuACA\]\, 
If ■oeAtic 6 i^AC mriAoi uAf Ait. 

Cac AjAinn T)' A n-AittieACAt), 

'S 3^An Aicne aj aoti oftAmn : 
Sinn A35 -out -pe f Aitci'of 

'S An 5cui|ir: -oo CAHAmAoif -nornAinti. 

mife A5Uf m' AonrriACAoni 110 

5^0 njnuifib T)u5a •oo)ica, 
A]\ n-imteAcu A|i n-AonAtiAin 

A]\ f UT) cui'ce riA SojtcA. 

An nii|i hcA'^ -oobeitieAnn-pA 

T)o bocc-tn'o JAn An jti J-C13 yo, 

mA]! CU1-0 tri6i|i ni pAJAim-fe 

T>Am ye\r) if -oo m' in5in[-feo]. 

An re fin a^^ a bpAJ;Aim-fe 

TloJA 5;ac' f(3i]ic 50 fo-nAin, 

beAnnAcc tiAim |ie 'n AnmAin fin, 

6 nAC ^cuAlAf tHArn a cotiiTriAic. 



A liAitLe nA lAoit) fin fO gAb f iat) fOmpA 6 tig 50 ci$ 
^^5 lAiviv^Aix) "oeifce 1 j^Cfut bAn bocc no 50 fAngA-OAf An 
ScitiA f A X)emeA"6. -Agiif LeigmiT) •oinn a n-imteA6c 6 fin 

Am.NC 125 

 , —  —  

^ iof5 If ceAfc nA cuttiaI fin MS 


That course was followed by the fair ladies, and they go 
straight forward in that manner, in poor wretched raiment, 
from house to house and from town to town : and the place 
where they used formerly to get feasting and festival, not more 
than a little fragment or crumbs would be thrown to them at 
that time ; and they used to recognise everybody, and not a 
person would recognise them. 

There was a court of friends and companions of the queen 
where she had often been before, and it happened one night 
that she was in it, wretched and poorly fed. And when the 
queen thought of the grandeur she used to have in that court 
before, great sadness and heavy gloom seizes her, at the 
thought of the wealth she had at the first and of her poverty at 
that time. And she sung this lay in it : — 

Suitable to-night is my raiment, the raiment of a woman without husband, who 
seeks justice of those bond-women, and alms of every noblewoman. 

Everyone recognised by us, and neither of us having recognition of any : we 
going with fear into the court that formerly we used to love. 

I and my only child with blackened, darkened faces, a-going all alone 
hroughout the land of Sorcha. 

The little piece that this royal house is giving to a poor queen, I do not 
'ceive it as a large portion for myself and my daughter. 

He with whom I receive a choice of every kind nobly, blessing from me to 
that soul, as I have never heard of his equal in goodness. 

At the end of that lay they went forward from house to 
house seeking alms in the guise of poor women till they reached 
Scythia at last. And we pass from their adventures from that 

ii8 eACr:nA rru\CAOit1i-ArMolAm 


X\Cc l^bp^m yeAl eile -do 'n ioIaj\ "oo fvug x\n n>A0i-6exsn 
be-Ag x3.*otit!)|AAtnA|A 1 n-x\ cjAobxMt) leif 6 'n jiiojAti poirrie pni 
6f cionn tu\ p^ijijAge. Oi|\ if i fin iiAif x^5llf xMtnfex\|A a 
•oc^xfUA, l^\ t1Aorrl-'Ox^1t!)1 Ann 50 fonnfA-6^\6 ; ^guf t)i -do 
$eAfA.\it!) ^n |\io5 Aficuif mic 1iit)xMfi mic Ambfoif mic Con- ^ 
fc^incin inic Ug-o^ijAe "pionniDf^gtiin' -oul "oo CxMte^tri fleiTbe 
no fex.\fCx^ 5^n longnAt) niMt) nexini-$n^At^\C eigin 'D'fx.\5xiilc 
Aguf If -oo 'n lli-oijAe X)uX) m^c fiog p^Ainnce tAplA ^n lA 
fin f e^C ^n ce^jlxic tiile 'oul X)' u\ff^i'D ^n longAnc^if fin, 
50 tri-Aig r\A t^^or^^nAt). -Aguf b^A fx3k'OA leif An 1^15 x^ bi f e 10 
^vmtiij, ^gtif le^nx^f f em 'n-A uAtAtt x^guf 'n-A AonAi^xSn e ; 
^guf cuiflingex^f A^ CA]\\\tAt) nA ml^tuMt) ^\|\ tllAig nA 
nlongnAt), inx^f x\ bfiuMf ^n Rix)i|\e "Oub ; xxguf fo fcuif fM"0 
x3k n-eACf^Mt) M|\ fin, ^guf ftiit)eA\f An j\i ^^5t1f a "Ofom fe 
CAffC-At) nA ml^iuMt), Agvif "oexif c^f n^.\ ceACxMf ^Mfoe a]\ ^a6 15 
CAoib -oe — mA\\ a€a foif ^giif pA]\, but) "be^f ^N^tif but) ciu\it) : 
50 bf^CA An ACMll uAfAl, eAt)on <\n c-ioU\f, Ctnge 1 bfficib 
nA fioftnAiineince Asuf 1 neAllAib eA'OAfbiK\ifeA(!:A An Aeif ; 
Agiif cuiflingeAf 50 liAiCfe^C 1 bfAffAt) A^iif 1 bfocAif ^n 
fiog, Agtif leigeAf An nAoit)eAn Al^inn lolCfotAt fin a\\. 20 
beinn bfAic An fiog, Af a CfobAib, feAC 5A6 Aon-bAll eile. 
AXguf iA]\ nt)ul T)' A fuit)e *oa lomAife no a C|\i uAit) AtriAC, 
ciiicoAf 1 "ocAifib Aguf 1 ■DCAitrine<.\LlAib bAif 50 La|\ A^uf 50 
lAn-UAltiiAn, AniAil T)o biot) gAn Annuxin Ann. 

AXguf gAbAf lutjAijie tiiof An |\i ffif An AiteAfc bCA^ fin 25 
no fif An Aifcit) fin -o' fAJAil o 'n eAti ; Agtif A*oiibAit\c gtif Ab 
e An 'pif-'OiA fOf6|\t)A X)o Cuif An ciot)lACAt) fin tuige, Aguf 

J u. mic f . :ms.. 



But let us speak for a further space of the eagle which took 
the little babe we have mentioned in his claws from the queen 
before that, over the sea. For that time and occasion on which 
it happened was specially the day of Saint David ; and one of 
the tabus of King Arthur, son of lubhar, son of Ambrose, 
son of Constantine, son of Uther Pendragon, was not to go 
to consume feast or festival without finding some new 
unwonted wonder. And that day it fell to the lot of the Black 
Knight, son of the King of France, beyond all the household, 
to go to the Plain of Wonders to seek that wonder. The 
king thought him a long while outside and follows him himself, 
solitary and alone; and he alights at the Pillar-stone of Virtues 
on the Plain of Wonders, where he found the Black Knight ; 
and they pulled up their horses after that, and the king sits 
with his back against the Pillar-stone of Virtues, and he looks 
towards the four quarters on every side of him — east and west, 
southward and northward : till he saw the noble aquila, that 
is the eagle, coming to him in the expanse of the firmament 
and in the lofty clouds of the air ; and he swoops in peni- 
tent wise beside and near the king, and lays that fair comely 
babe on the skirt of the king's robe, out of his claws, in 
preference to every other spot. And going to perch two or 
three ridges away from him, he falls into fainting-fits and 
deathly swoons, on to the bare ground, as though there were no 
life in him. 

Great delight takes the king at receiving that little gift or 
that present from the bird, and he said that it was the glorious 
True God who sent him that present, as he had not son nor 

I20 eACuuA rrrACAOini-Ati-ioiAin 

^An tTiAC no injin xM^e t^oirhe fin. -Aguf x^-outD^ifC 50 
TToex\np<\"0 oijt^e -oilir -oionsrh^lA a^\ ye\n -oe ; xiguf cui5e<\r 
V^T S^r^t) e cfvuime au eit^e fin "oo t)i leif ^n ioU\-p, :'»o 
A^uy A tAX)A)\[Z Ay \\AimA)X) ^mC^A^^A eigin -do 'n -DOtii^in -oo 
(iiii|\ 1 -DCxMfit) A^uy 1 -ocxMrrineALlxMt) e m^\|\ fin. ^Aguf f tif^Uf 
x.\|A x^n tliT)ife X>uX) p^ifc "oo 'n Ion fo t)! -ac-a X)o tAt)AM|\c 
1 n -.\ f iA-6nAif e -co 'n wIa^; -Aguf \a\\ n-eifx^e t)6 Ay An 
c^irhnex3.ll fin, ite^f a teofboitin "oo 'n tJiAt!) fin, A^uy "'5 
^ifAje^f 50 tiAifo-6ex\nnx.\6 ^Ay fin, Aguf cfot^f ^v^uf clinnuij- 
e^f e f6in 50 mA\t, A^uy le^^eAy ^Aot yo n-A yc^AtA\^A^X), 
A^uy cfom^f A 6eAnn tn^t^ -oo ftiox) a^ ^AhA^l a Cqa-oa a^ An 
j\i5 A^uy T)' A m[ACAO\n, mAyf torhAytA umlA Aguf uffxMme, 
in-A pA'6nA^ye ; 50 n-oexNe^ii:) of finn a fuifc ^vguf a yAX)A\yc 40 
uAtA. Agtif ni -Oo tAt)f .\f ^n yzA^y f e^f ca. 

A^uf yuyAlAy Ki A^n "OottiAin a|\ An Ui^oife X)uX) An mAC fin 
C115 T)ix\ i:)6 pein a X)ye\t teif mx\f -OxMca u.Mt), ^guf 1n5ex^n 
fioj n6 f61-t15ex^fnA t)' fx^gxSil Ctnge x)' a oileAttiAin. 

" Aguf c^bxMf cfiiit) A-^uy ceAtyA, huAy xNgtif t)ot^\ince, 6y 45 
Agiif lonrhAf X)o tn' CuiT)-fe leif X)i," x\f fe, " -Aguf innif -oo 
6a6 1 scoicCionn gtif trixic "oilif •oiongrh^lxA '6Am-fA\ e ; A^uy 
^A\ymzeAy Vt^ACAom-An-^olA]y "o' *Mntn "oe ; <^'S^^'" 'ot'^nAm 
yeAyzA o'n in^j, 6if if leofi t)tiinn -o' ion5^\ncx.\f An liuMge 
in-DitJ An X)e^t^t)eA6 bf ui-oeAfhAil m^f aza An z-eAn nx) -oo 50 
CAbAifC leinb big riiAoit leif 1 n-A 6yoX)^^V) g^n ftnltnjAt) j^n 
foifCe^fgAT!) yA\y, Agtif f^g^il Af beinn mo bfAic-fe "06, 
feA6 t)All eile ; Aguf ^e'f peoil if heAtA nAX)uytA "oo, "f g^n 
e f6in T)'a ice." 

5^1)^1*0 A n-e-<\C|u\it:) A^uy ctiifeAf An UiT)if e "Oiil) a -oaIca 55 
1 tnbeinn a bfiAic, A^uy ni •OeAfnA'6 oififeArh n6 coiiinuit)e 
leo 50 f An5.\T)A|\ "Oil n AT') An IIaIIa "Oeifg. Aguf goifeAf An 
'Ri'oife T)iit) inje^n lAflA CAff Aige An Scuif -oo loClAnnAil) 
tuige, A^uf inmfeAf t>] niAC -oo teAtv 'ootuni An fiog A^iif 

^ "DAmcoiTiAntA M!S. 


daughter till then. And he said that he would make him the 
dear fitting heir to himself. Further, he understands that it 
is the weight of that burden which ailed the eagle, and 
that carrying it from some distant quarters of the world 
had put him into swoons and fainting-fits. And he bids 
the Black Knight to put part of the provision they had 
beside the eagle, and after awaking from the faint he eats his 
fill of the food, and stands with lofty head, and shakes and 
plumes himself well, and lets the wind under his wings, and 
bows his head as though he would be taking leave of the king 
and of his boy, as a sign of humility and reverence before him 
— till he soared away from them, beyond the limits of their 
sight and vision. And of him the storytells nothing more. 

And the King of the World bids the Black Knight take from 
him to himself the boy whom God had given him as a foster- 
ling ; and to get a king's or prince's daughter for him to 
nurture him. 

" And with him give her kine and cattle, flocks and herds, 
gold and treasure from my possessions," said he ; " and tell 
everyone in general that he is my dear fitting son, and let him 
be called Eagle-boy by name ; and let us forthwith get away 
from the plain, for it is sufficient of the wonders of the plain 
for us to-day that a savage creature like yonder bird should 
bring a little soft child in his claws without wounding or letting 
blood on him, and should leave it on the skirt of my garment 
in preference to everywhere else. And though flesh is its 
natural food, yet that it should not have eaten him." 

They take their steeds, and the Black Knight puts his 
fosterling in the skirt of his garment, and no stop or stay was 
made by them till they reached the Dwelling of the Red Hall. 
And the Black Knight calls the daughter of the lord 
of Carraig an Scuir of Lochlann. and tells her that a son 

122 eACURA niACAOini-An-IOlAlK 

5U|\ 6iU]\ fe CuiCe-pe T)'a oiLev\tri<Mn Agiip T)' a ALctiotri e, x^gup 60 
50 lipiiigeAt) fi feome, niAoine, *.\5iir tn6f\-m*M6eAf o 'n 1115 
xx^tif lUMt) pein "o' A 6ionn fin. Alctiije^p An inge^n fe Dm 
^n |\i *o' pti|\vML oileAmnA An niic tiifci pein ; x^5Uf gAlD^^p CuiCe 
e 50 liiC5^\i|\ev\6, ^5Uf coif\t)f\ev.\p U\Cc a.\ coi|\|A-6io6 bun-LeAti\n 
t)^\|\]i-CA\ol pern T)6, vASur oileA.\f -Agt-if ^Lcf^tnAif An lex^nt) 1 65 
•OC15 ^n lliT)i|\e "Oinb, o fin x^vm^c 50 te^nn a -da V)UAt>An 

Ajuf X)A pifA-gLic puxi|U\6v\|\ 1 gcLuAincit) luilDe Aguf 
liAC|\oiT)e e, Aguf 1 nT)iot3[\A6At) bonnf^AC, -Agup 1 gcuf 
c^niAin, 1 gcionn oCc tnbliA'OxAn. Aguf ni liexxt) A\triAin, a6z 70 
niojA tnillrhuije^t) pexif x\oif e 1 n-A *Mmpf\ |\u\Tti -oo b' pexAfp 
1 riuUnnijAT) 'n.\ e 1 gceAfi-OAib goile -Ajuf gAifce, 1 lut 
Aguf 1 lArh-A6 *.\5ur 1 scuf ^ifitn. 

\.A n-Aon CAjvlA rnifeApAn lonuuiA i-oi|\ tn^c An Tli'Oi[\e 
"Oiiib niic |\io5 )?|\Ainnce, A^iif nuvc v\n lliDipe 5^^ ^"•"•'^ T^'^S 75 
5fei5e, A|\ pAitCe cac|\v\c CAmlAoi-oe ; Agufoo tjAuinnijeA'OAii 
An niACfAit) 1 n-A -ocimceALl fe livVjAit) nA liim|\eAfAin, 
Aguf fo bi tTlAC.Nom-An-lolAif "n-A CotdLai) An UAif\ fin. 
A^iif biot)5<\f Af A Co'dLai) A^iif ueix) AniAC, Aguf niAf 
fiu\i|\ An unfeAfAn ^\]\ fiiibAl cuiDige.xf fe a "OeAf b- g^> 
CotiTOAlCA Aguf cuifeAf An loniAn a]\ msc An UiDife 51^5 
50 nT)tibAifc gufAb Cfe leAfxfoni "00 cuifeAX) An bAife fin 
Aif fein. Agiif AT)iibAifC tn.\c aii Ui-oife "Onib nAci fAib fe 
fein Ag lAffAit) congAnCiX a]\ llK\CA()iii-An-1olAif , Ajuf 50 
mbeAffAt) fein biuMt) nA liiomAnA v^An a belt Aige. g 

" OLc "no "oeAncA-f A tno Conj^tuMii-f .\ Cv\fCiiifniU5<.\t)," Af 
niACAoni-An-1oLAif . '' Aguf 50 mbA feiffDe tO mo ton^tuMii 
•00 belt AgAC : Agiif -()' A TjevNfbAt) fin, cuii\it)-fe biif 5CA- 
niAin Af Aon fe CeiLe Asuf -oobeAffAXj bAife ofAib." 

peACAiT) leif m<\ille fe feifg tYibif , giTjeAf) ctiifeAf y,^ 
1TlACA()tri-An-1oLAif OftA fo tfi. tion.Nf feAf^ Aguf fAcc 
UAbAif nu\c An UiDife ^^l Cfix) fin, Aguf AT)ub«MfC nAf (iAf 


had come to the king, and that he had sent him to her for nur- 
ture and fosterage, and that she would get treasures, riches, and 
wealth from the king and from himself on account thereof. 
The lady thanks God that the king had commanded the 
nourishing of the boy to her, and she takes him gladly, and 
gives him the milk of her broad-based, narrow-topped round 
breasts, and nourishes and rears the child in the house of the 
Black Knight from that on till the end of his twelfth year. 

And he was clever and watchful in the fields of luhh and 
of football, and in shooting javelins, and in throwing the 
hurley, at the end of eight years. And not only that, but 
there was never perfected a man of full age in his time better 
perfected than he in feats of valour and prowess, in vigour and 
in dexterity and in wielding arms. 

Now, on a day there occurred a hurling-match between the 
son of the Black Knight, son of the King of France, and the 
son of the White Knight, son of the King of Greece, on the 
lawn of the castle of Camelot. And the boys were gathered 
around them for the match, and Eagle-boy was asleep at the 
time. And he starts up from his sleep and comes out, and 
finding the match progressing, he sides with his foster brother 
and wins the goal against the son of the White Knight, who 
said that the goal was won against him unfairly. And the son of 
the Black Knight said that he himself was not needing help from 
Eagle-boy, and that he would win the match without having 
him about him. 

"It is bad that thou hast been making my help an 
offence," said Eagle-boy; ''thou wouldst be the better for 
having it. To prove that, put your hurleys together, and I 
will win a goal against you twain." 

They make the attempt, in great anger, but Eagle-boy wins 
the goal on them three times. Anger and a spasm of pride 
fills the son of the White Knight at that, and he said that he 

124 GACURA niACAoirh-Ari-iotAin 

leif oil nd xAC^f x)' ^m^aiI 6 nvAC jaToj n6 t\6i-ti5ex\|\n-A, 
^cc [-©'Jp^Ag^Ail 6 tYiv\c em 110 eicigte 5x.\n piop ^ Cyiti no 
oineil <\6x: nu\|\ " nu\c-1olvMp," x)o jxMjAtn X)e. 95 

" An pjinTVfi A C<\n^\r cii nA b|\u\C|\<\ inToeAi^jtA fm ?" *.\|\ 

" 1f ppic 50 -oenriin," A|\ m*^c ^n Ixi'Dipe 51I. 

"An GAT) n^c niAC -oo 'n pig Ajacuja me ? " Af\ mACAorh- 
A^n-1olxMfl. JQQ 

" If -oeirhin Liotn nAt eAt>," a\\ iti-ac ^n Umifie 51I ; " 6i|\ 
ni bpuil piof -DO rhv\Cx\f\A ^xgAinn, ^gtif ACAm^om jvo-AmbpeAf aC 
A|A c' ACAifA niAjA v\n 5ceA"onA." 

II0 tiitn-oeAnsAX) 50 tnop p6 x)peA(i ifoeALbAt itlACAOirh- 
An-1oU\i|\ -6615 fin, A^uf fo Cpiotnuig a t)oill, fo fUAimnig- 105 
eA-DAf Afuifc, Agtif fo turhfcuijeA-DAf a 6eAX)1pA^t> COfpAf\-6A 
^\e cLoifcm n^ mbpeicfe fm. Aguf fogf Af CfoiT) CAniAn Af 
nu\c An Hi-Dife t^^l. PfeAgfAf iriAC An UiDife '^^l fin 'oO, 
Aguf cugfAT) culCAnnA cinneAfnACA Aguf bfifCAt) t)o-6t)A 
biot-ufLAtri, Aguf fit-jleAf fAnncAii fAf-luAtrhAf X)' a 110 
^CAtriAnAiti) cfUAi^O-finneACA cfom-CeAnnACA 1 jceAiinAit) 
^^S^^r 1 scofpAib A telle. Cio-ocfACC cCgAf tTlACAoiii-An- 
lolvMf A lAiii t)eAf "DifeAt -Ooinn-iosnAC leif au gCAmAn 
A^uf buAilGAf iriAC An Ui'Difie t^\l 1 jcleic a Cinn Aguf a 
ceAnn-rhullAij guf 6ui|\ [a] incinn 'n-A CAobAib C|\6 Aguf 'n-A 115 
bfAoncAib bfeAC-folA CAf finifcfit)ib a 6inn Ajuf a CluAf 
AiriAC feAtcAif. 1a|\ n-A fAiCfin fin "Oo liiumncif tnic An 
txiT^ife Jil, eAt)6n "o' a CAifOib, -oo 6f innnigfeAX) Af 5A6 Aif "o 
'n-A uimCeAll T30 -OiojAil a Cf caCc ; Aguf niofb fuf Af ■061b 
fin 6if x)o bi x)" feAbAf imeAjlAt An liiACAonii nAfb feix)if 120 
X)Oib iifCbiX) x)o X)eAnAtn "60: no 550 fiij a (:a]\a A^uf a 
CoimCeile fein Aip, eA*6n An Uix)ife Dub. CAXiAfgAineAf 
Ap A Ceile 1AX), Agiif beipeAf An niACAoiii leif X)o 'n Cuifc. 
A^uf leigeAf Af A ^luinib e, 1 bfiAtJnAife An fiog, 50 
nx)tibAifc — 125 


made no complaint at getting reproach or pleasure from the 
son of a king or a great lord, but at getting it from the son of 
a bird, or a thing with feathers, whose family and race he 
knew not, save that he was called merely '* son of an eagle." 

" Is it against me thou sayest those disgraceful words ? " 
said Eagle-boy. 

" Against thee, in very truth," said the son of the White 

" Is it that I am not King Arthur's son ? " said Eagle-boy. 

" I am sure thou art not," said the son of the White 
Knight; ''for we know nothing of thy mother, and we are 
wholly ignorant of thy father likewise." 

A deep blush rose on the comely face of Eagle-boy at 
those words, and his limbs trembled, his eyes reddened, and 
his bodily senses shook at hearing those words. And he 
challenges the son of the White Knight to a duel with hurleys. 
The son of the White Knight accepts, and they gave urgent 
thrusts, and ever-active breaking of Bodhbh, and long wielding, 
eager and rapid, of their hard-pointed crooked-headed hurleys 
on each other's heads and bodies. However, Eagle-boy lifts his 
straight brown-nailed right hand with the hurley, and strikes 
the son of the White Knight in the side of his head and his- 
skull, so that he puts his brains in blood-gouts and in 
spotted blood-flecks through the windows of his head and his 
ears out beyond. When the people (that is, the friends) of the 
son of the White Knight saw that they gathered around him 
out of every quarter to aven:;e his wounds ; and it was not easy 
for them, for from the terrible might of the boy they were 
unable to do him any hurt, until his own friend and companion, 
the Black Knight, took him. He separates them from one 
another and carries the boy with him to the court. And he- 
kneels before the king with these words : — 

126 eACcnA rhACAOirh-An-iotAin 

" 5iif *.\noif T)o fMoilex\f guf rriAC "biUf •oion5rh^lx\ "ouic me. 
Aguf 5At)^m "00 (iomAipce : m^ 'y piop fin innif •o^\m e, n6 
c^\ti)^Ai|A ino butv\"6 cineit X)' freAfxMt) u-<\ifle n6 ^^nu^ifle An 
•oorhxMn "OAm." 

So6cAf ^n f\i 50 ^ATiA CfiT) <\n yceAl fin *oo 6loifCin "OC, 
Agiif 5Abv\f cuiffe Aguf cfoim-neittiex\lA e, Aguf "oeA-AfCAf -Af 
x^n in^CvAoni 50 ffiotn^rhAt A-^uy AT>uX)A^\\z — 

"til \f[A\t tiom-fA cu-fA T)' A lAffAit) fin ofin," a\\ fe, 
'^ Agiif 50 n-oeAnAinn mo t)iCeAll mAice^fA "otnc. A^iif 6 185 
T)o u\|\|\Aif o|\m e, -An trieix) aca X)o fce^lAit) AjAm inneofAX) 
•Dtiiz: e." 

UeiT) An fi An CAn fin 1 gcionn nA fceAt fin T)' innifin 
T)6-fAn AtiiAil *oo fCfiot)AmA|\ AntiAf gonuise fo. Cio-ocf aCc 
lAjA n-A Cloifcm -oo ltlACAom-An-1olAif eAt)on ^Ar\ fiof [a] 140 
ACAf A no [a] triAtAf a "DO t)eit A5 An fig a6c mAf fin, cisit) 
•OAtA eAgfAmlA -oe, Agiif tug 'oeAlti) mAic Af Tbfoit-fjeAlt) 
Ajiif niAife Af mio-mAife, Aguf if ftiAll nA(!: 'ocAngA'OAf 
AifjeAnA bAif Aj;iif t)tJAin-eA5A Ctiige. Aguf niof tiiAit leif 

An flj fin, Agllf AT)Ut3A1fC — 145 

" A rhic A^iif A -^AlCA lonminn," a]\ f e, " nA cuif eAX) f liT) 
OfC-fA, 6if 'DotDeAffAT) cumT)A6 mic fig no ogeAfnA t)uic 
An yeAtt A mAiffOAT)." 

" ^ fi5 ^^5^T ■^ tijeAfnA, nA tiAbAif-fi fin," Af TTlACAom- 
An-1olAif, " 6if coingim-fi a TDCOinj^it) mo tuAC ^ -^^S^r ^wijim 150 
f 6 Aif "o-f eAnnAit) nime Aguf nAomcAlrhAncA nA6 "oeAiif ad f uaii 
n6 fAiTJiL, co*olAX) no comnuit)e, no 50 ^cuAfouig me An 
cfinnne teACAfbA 6 tufgAt^Ail gfeine j;o f uinneAt) : no 50 
bfAjCAf fiof mo GunAit) cineil Aguf m' AtAif-Difle fein, T)' 
folAili) uAifLe no AnuAifle An *oomAin rhCif." ]55 

-Aguf If cutriAC "DO tji a-^ a ]\Ai) fin ; Agtif lAff Af 5f.A*o 
fiDife Agtif 5Aifm 5;AifCit)i?; a\\ au fig. Uu?; An fi fin X)6 — 

^ Uaih A.^cvl1nx^1n1f 1 Accinnj;!!) mo cuaca, -MS. 


"O king and lord, and dear father ! " said he, '-till now I 
thought that I was thy dear, fitting son. And let us receive 
thy favour. If that be true, tell me, or let me know my origin, 
whether of the high or lowly of the earth." 

The king keeps silence for a long time at hearing that 
speech, and sadness and heavy sorrow takes him, and he looks 
attentively at the boy, with these words : — 

" 1 like not that thou shouldst ask that of me," said he, 
" seeing that I am doing the best of good I can for thee. 
And since thou hast asked that of me, all the news I have 
I will tell thee." 

Then the king sets about telling him the story as we have 
written it above, down to this. However, when the Eagle-boy 
heard that the king had no knowledge of his father or his 
mother but in that manner, he turns all colours, and 
exchanges good looks for ill looks and beauty for ugliness, and 
it is a wonder that symptoms of death and certain dissolution 
did not come over him. And the king liked that not, and he 
said : — 

" Dear son and fosterling," said he. '' let not that weigh 
on thee, for I shall give thee the protection of a king's or 
prince's son so long as I shall live." 

" O king and lord, say not so," said Eagle-boy, '' for I 
swear the oath that my tribe swears, and I vow by the planets 
of Heaven and Holy-land that I shall take no sleep nor 
ease, slumber nor rest, till I have searched the four-fold universe 
from sunrise to sunset, till news is obtained of my origin and 
my hereditary duty, whether of the noble or ignoble families 
of the great world." 

Sorrowful was he when saying that ; and he asks for the order 
of a knight and the name of a warrior from the king. The 

128 GvACcUvA riiACAOini-An-iolAiu 

510V leAfc leif .\ t.\tJ.M|\c -DO cOm-05-tMn x)0 -Oiiine — a\\ fon 
5U|i -oeAjiG leif 5ut\ bs tiiiiJuLl mpe.x-onux e 1 gcleAr-Mt) 501L 
A^uf 5v\ifce, 1 tiit x.\5ur 1 l<\nu\c, ^S^r 1 5Cti|\ -Aifitn. ACc I6O 
cevMU\, t\o tioijinijeA-o 1 n?;t\A-o.Mt^ t^i-oif^e x^gur t\6-5^Mrci'6i5 6, 

lopj.Mle -pern -oo, idiji e^A6 A.\5;iif e.xffAt). 

Aguf |\o tioin.Mn lAf fin ce^-o A^uy ceileAbpAt) ^^5 -An ^15 1^5 
Aguf ^5 An mo1|\-ce.^5lx^c, ^stif 5^^^-T -^^ <^G-^'o x\5 a oiT)e *^5Uf 
^5 A t)tiiTne, xxg bAnncjAAtc xNgup a^ h<\nx)AlA nA cuifce Aguf 
1^A cac[\a6 ; Aguf linje^f fotu^stif tnof-tuifr^ -<^"6^^^-»"'ion'<^5 
Ar\ t^'S, ^^r^ mAicib Aguf mo}\-tUMflib "OunAit) An VIaUa "Oeipg. 
'^'S^V T^o f ni^feAT) pfiA|v\ pAlcnivAjAA |:io|\-Ait)t)eile €A\y 17Q 

t)l<iCU|A [f] AgUf CA|1 bjAOLlAlJlb AgUf CA|\ 5|\UAlt)lt!) bAn AgUf 

bAnT)A.\lA blAt-t)|\A5vMT)eAC, tuMfLe Aguf A|\T)-|:lAice, Ainnif 
A^uf 65-bAn. AOf cuiil, o\\\pv\t> Agtip eAl<\t)nA ; Ajuf An 
llTDijAe 'Oub Ajuf injeAn ia}\Ia CAfiivAige An Scuip feAC Ca6. 
A6c te^nA SAbAp 1TlACAoni-An-loLAi|\ a CeAX), A^tif v-<^5Af 10m- 175 
coinAi|ic beACA A^up fLAince A5 An fvij. A5 An UiT)i|\e 'Dub, 
A511P Asm^m lAplA CA|\|\Ai5e An Scui|\, Agup A5 ceAglAt uile- 
pciAttiAC mnA Agup mjeAn. Agtip T)o |\inne An Iaoi mA\\ 
leAnAf — 

J^eobAT) mo ceAX) 45 ah jii'j, 
CuifipeATj ]\e A t'\\\ mo cuL, 

5ion 350 bpeiT)i|i, tuAiT) no ceAp, 
5^A cpeAb A]\ A •oreAnncA T)iiinn. 


6 ceAjlAC cuince Ati in'05, 

Oc pAHAoip ! ip T)eATicA ■ouinn : jgg 

'S 6 "Oi'in An IIaIIa "Oeifi?;, 

'S 6 'n TiiAriiAix) j;An ceilj no put'. 

6 m' oi-oe T:)ilip aj; tjuL 

P'eAjt |io-m-ceA55Apc 1 jcuji Ai)in-, : 
'n A bjxuj -ooj^eibmn j;ac pi'on 193 

An Ui-oipe T)iib, niAC p't>5 p'pAinc'. 

ln5eAn lApLA CAppAis;e An Scuip 

A buime iio-m-cuip 1 OpAp, 
ni beiT) neAC ^An ptop [a] pceil (?) 

AlcnAmAip, A ?;eA5 bAiLl-jeAl, 195 


king gave it him — though rekictant to give it to one so young 
— because he was assured that he was ready and fit in the arts 
of valour and prowess, in vigour and in dexterity, and in 
wielding arms. However, he was ordained into the orders 
of a knight and a great warrior, and the king gave him his 
own equipment of battle and severe combat, and his apparel 
of fighting and of warfare, and his robes of valour and of 
rout, both horse and trappings. 

And after that he leaves his farewells with the king and 
the great household, and takes leave of his tutor and his nurse, 
the ladies and women of the court and the castle ; and silence 
and deep sorrow settles on the king, the chiefs and the nobles of 
the Dwelling of the Red Hall. And flood-like immense showers 
of tears rained over . . .^ and over the breasts and the cheeks of 
smooth-necked women and ladies, of nobles and of high 
chiefs, of maidens and of young women, of minstrels, of 
melodists, and of sages — and • the Black Knight and the 
daughter of the lord of Carraig an Scuir above all. But 
Eagle-boy takes his leave, and leaves a farewell of life and 
health with the king, the Black Knight, and the daughter of 
the lord of Carraig an Scuir, and the all-lovely household of 
women and girls. And he made the lay as follows ; — 

I will take my leave of the king and will put my back towards his land, though 
I know not, south or north, what the tribe which has a surety for us. 

From the household of the king's court, alas ! it must be done by us : and from 
the Fort of the Red Hall, and from the boys without treachery or secrecy. 

Going from my dear tutor, the man who instructed me in wielding arms : In 
his palace I used to get ever}- sort of wine,'*^ the Black Knight, the son of the King 
of France. 

Daughter of the lord of Carraig an Scuir, O nurse that has set me growing, 
there will not be a person without knowledge of her story ; thou didst nourish 
[mej O woman of the white limbs. 

^ t)lAt-uiti, the fresh sod(?) ^ Probably should read piof '* knowledge." 


I30 gaCcra rhACAoirh-An-iotAin 

triAC mife T)o "n jiij itroe, 

"Do tiiAC lubAi^i fein, nioji riAtji : 
'S ni peiTDiii itTDiu jA cfieAb 

T)' A bpuilim, 6 neATti 50 Li|i. 

6 eijijeAf st'iAn nuitneAC jiAtir) 200 

50 bpvuneAnn 1 f Ail' ■poT)tAOi, 
ni bei-o bAll -OATii-f A jAti piof 

50 bf AJAt) Ann fiof mo JAOit. 

Coifc ■610m, A buime x)it ; 

ni cujiAf mAp fin •oo^nim ; -05 

C10X) -OArTinA b|i6in nAc bij. 

geobAT) mo ceAT) A5 An jiij. 


A liAitle n^ txioit) fin 5x^1^x^f tTI-ACAOiti-An-1ol^i|A culAit) 
cutfroAC fin An jiioj mme, A^^tif ceix) "oo "^eij-lenn A|a au eA6 
fin ^A ftuMf 6'n fig, ^guf ceiT) -Af f^itifnije^tc nA f^it6e fox)- 
glxMfe. A6c -AC-A nif) Ce^n^i, i^f nt)ex^nArh Cfe^f-rhAfC^it)- 
eAtZA 1 t3fu\-DnAife ^n fiog 66, ^Ajuf lti6cA An ce^glAig 5 
1 5c6rri-n-x\oin-|:eA6c, c10Tnnx^f ceAt) xxguf ceileAbf<\t) f^\ t)6 
Agtjf f A tfi tiAit) fem -Qo 'n fig -AgtJf -00 'n ceAi$lxi6, xxguf 50 
m6fm6f T)' x3k oiT)e x^5tJf 'o'^ btnme ; -A^uf leije^f 1 gcionn 
xMfCif A5«f imteA6c-A e. 

Ctiif x\n cxiorh-U\ m^\f fin "oo 50 "Oc^flA 1 n^le^nn u^xig- 10 
neA6 f^fxi6 e, Aguf fCuife-Af [a] eA6 ^juf "oogni fionbot 
fOflongpuifc "06 fem. Agtif f A'otiije-Af coifc cement!) cf ic- 
iomftiAi"6e, Agiif cugAf Ag*MX) x^f An ngleAnn, Ajuf "OuifijeAf 
p<\t) aUca (?)^ -Agur triAft^Af -o' Aon-tif6Af fleige e, Agtif 
-oojni folA6c nA 6feAf nT)eififeA6 Aif u\f-Am, Aguf c-Aice-Af 15 
A leof-'66itin feoLA Aguf fiof-uifce, Aguf co'oU\f uAfCAin. 
Aguf eifjeAf 1 nio6-"6Ail- n^ m^iDne inoi6e Af n-A l:K\fA6, 
Aguf 5-AbAf inneAll Aifcif Aguf itnte-A6cA Aif fem, Ajtif 
leigeAf A\\ A^A)t) e a]\ fe^-o Agtif a\\ fiAflAoix) An gleAmiA, 
50 -ocAinig X)eifeA"6 Aguf 'oeoit) An lAe : A^uf "oo finne niAf 20 
An 5ceAX)nA An oiX)Ce fin. 

eAJ aIIa-q MS. -AmAc x)eA5Ail MS. 


I was son to the king yesterday, to the son of Iu])har himself, it was no shame : 
and I know not to-day to what tribe I belong, from heaven down to earth. 

From where the glorious bright sun rises till its setting in the salt sea of 
Fodhla, not a spot will I ignore that I may get there knowledge o/ my 

Refrain from me, O dear nurse ; not thus do I make a journey ; though it be a 
cause of sorrow that is not small, I will take my leave of the king. 

At the end of that lay Eagle- boy takes that ornamented 
apparel of the king about him, and comes with a good leap 
on that horse he obtained from the king, and comes on the 
width of the green-sodded lawn. However, after making a 
strong display of horsemanship before the king and the 
people of the house all at one time together, he leaves his 
farewells twice and thrice from himself to the king and to 
the household, especially to his tutor and his nurse, and sets 
off on his journey and adventure. 

So he spent the fair day till he arrived in a solitary desert 
valley, and he pulls up his horse and makes an encampment- 
booth for himself And he kindles a fire, flickering red 
all around, and faces the valley, and wakens a wild deer 
and kills it with one blow of a dart, and then he makes a salad 
of different herbs over it, and eats his fill of flesh and of pure 
water ; and afterwards he sleeps. And he wakes in the dawn 
of the early morning on the morrow, and takes to himself his 
trappings of journey and travel, and sets his face at the 
extent and at wandering through the valley till the end and 
termination of the day came, and he did in like manner that 

132 GACCUA ttlACAOiril-An-IOtvMn 

Ace <\ZA nit) Ce<Mu\, eif\j;ev\f <\]\ n-<\ X)a\\a6, ^^5^^"* 
T)ocoTiiu\]\c nu\5 liiAif e^\C niionpcocxic xiguf Z)\\ t^Mtne^\riuA6 
tipini A5;uf pe<\|A-Aiin p^ififing |:ex\|\-lioiini.\|A u^\it) ; A-\5tir |:6*xC- 
*Mnc T3' A T)CU5 ^\|A A cotiuMfv T)oConn<\fic Tnv\|\CAC ctiige 25 
Y-MT ^^^E 5^(i^^ )ix)i|\eA^(i, ^Ngiif •0}Aiii'oe^\f 'n-A Coinne *^5Uf 'n-^ 
cofh-OAil. Aguf If ^\riil^i-o ptu\i|\ xMTDpn, eAt)6n, in5ex.\n 
C]\uCv\c c^\om-x^U\inn, -\j;uf p^xlx^btAAit) u^Mcne puice. t)eAMin- 
uige^f *\n inje^xn "06 X)o lJ|\Mt|\^Mli) liiilfe nnocAifie, A^uy 
f?fe^5fv^\f tnACA^om-Aii-1oUM|A "o' puigliG AML^e^n^ ^E^^V "oo 3o 
CAome^f c6mfx\it) i : x^vjuf px.\|:ntii5e*^f fce^l-A "00 'n injin 
Agtif piof A 1u\nmA x^5nf ^\ cineil. 

"C 'ti l^pALx^t)f\A1X) iMitne-pe <\ hA^nrr\ mt,teA\\ tne " <\|a fi 
" 6i|\ if Inje^n n^ pA\iAli)j\-Ait) U^icne a goifice^ii Diom : ^juf 
A.\ci>iin x^v5 ceiceAt) ^e c^tn^xll jAOitti ^n t3fex\|\ ^5 a feptiilini, 35 
A.\5tif gnxScuigim •oul aja f AOife*\m Aguf <\|\ com^ijAce T)AOine 
uxMfle gotuiige, x^5t^f ni ■(Je-<^f^nA■6 com^ifce -OAm a]]\ p6f : 
xiguf *dociu\La ^up^b e ^n fi Afciif\ tiu\c lubAip mic Ambpoip 
■pi If LionniAife IaoCjumt) -c\5tif if c*\Lm<\ cti|\<MX) Ax^uy if 
Cftiime c^Mfpcije ce^xjlAC if ^n T)orii*Mi 50 liuiLe. Ajiif 40 
•oo X)' A^l liotn x)ul a\\ [a] f AOife*\rh A^5Uf Ap a (jotriAifce, -o' 
fiof An \\o\c\:eAt> leif mo (ioftivMii 116 mo 6*\omnv\t). Aguf 
ixiff Aitn X)' <\cctiin5e o|\c-fv\, a mAfCAij ii-o, a\ IiuCc u^MfLe A-^uf 
f olxMt)eAcc-A, f ce^lA "o' innif in 'o^m, 6 "o' innifeA.\f mo f cev\lA 
pein "Duic.'' 45 

" Innif im/' a]\ ^T\ACAom-A^^-^olA^\, ''j^uf^b nvvfc^xC x)0 
nniinncif au fio^ Af ctif me?, A^uy ^U]\Ab le gnoc^MTJil) Ac^\im 
A.\5 imte.vCc A]\ ftro au -oomAin." 

'• 1Tl^\ifex\X),"' A]\ An injeA-xn, " u\|AfAim fein "D'xMfce-ca') ^Ngiif 
T)' AXcCmnge ofC-fA, fiLle-A-6 liom fein 1 gcionn Uio^ An 50 
DoriuMti; x^v^iif cuit)ui5.\T) leif me fein "oo Cofn^tii ^guf mo 
tom^ijvce tjo jAb^iL X)o lAiiii, t)' fe*\cxMnc An mbetmif A]^e 
aMiocc : oif If eAj^Al Uom-yA bfieit ^\|v fLi^e n6 A\\X)eAlA6 oftn." 
"Ill fiifv\f-fA tiAm fin -oo "oexMixMn," a\\ Vt^ACAom-An- 


However, he rises in the morning, and saw beyond him a 
lovely flowery plain, and a pleasant dry land, and a broad grassy 
meadow; and looking round him he saw a rider approaching 
directly to him in the plain, and he goes to meet and to join him. 
And thus he found the rider — a shapely, fair, beautiful girl, with a 
grey palfrey under her. The girl salutes him with sweet and 
friendly words, and Eagle-boy answers with soft speech and 
with the mildness of conversation. And he asks news of the 
girl and knowledge of her name and family. 

'• I am named from this grey palfrey." said she, " for 
* the Girl of the Grey Palfrey ' is what • I am called ; and 
for a space I have been fleeing before the husband with whom 
I am, and it is my wont till now to go for relief and protection 
of a noble, and no protection has been given me against him 
yet. And 1 have heard that King Arthur, son of lubhar, son 
of Ambrose, is the king most abundant in warrior-bands, and 
most valorous in respect of heroes, and strongest and most 
powerful in respect of his household, in the whole world. 
And I would go for his relief and protection, to know whether 
he could defend or save me. And I ask as a petition of thee, 
O rider yonder, out of nobility and good breeding, to tell me 
news, as I have told mine own news to thee." 

'' I tell thee," said Eagle-boy, " that I am a horseman of 
King Arthur's following, and that on sundry affairs I am 
travelling over the whole world." 

" If so," said the girl, " I ask as a gift and petition of 
thee, to return with me to the King of the World, and to help 
him to deliver me and to take my protection in hand, to see 
whether we may be with him to-night ; for I fear a catastrophe 
may come on me on the way or on the road." 

"It is not easy for me to do that," said Eagle- boy, •' for 

134 eACURA triACAOini-ANri-iolAin 

"Oeifs, ^5«f A«iitn p6 ■Dit|\eit),[A5] niAjiCAigex^Cc 6 fin i leit-" 

" t)exi|\|:^it) m' e^6-fxi finn A\\Aon lei ^n uxM|\ xi coif\pt)eA|\ 
t' e-AC pein '" a\\ au inje^Mi : '' oi|a ^\Cx.\ fi •oe^g-pulxMng "oeA^- 
UAlAig Ajuf 'ti-a muijii jine^C -po-riiAit, ^xguf "oo "be^npAt) p 
nx\ tiuile ^Mcje^xff A t^innn if au tnbAll n^6 beit) eol-Af 60 
^gvMTiti fein ^nn." 

Px^ottiAf UKACAotri-An-lolAif, ^\cc 5e^.\]\ leif e : ^guf Ar\ 
-feAt) "DO fug lA^'o\\eA6z "o' ^ eA6 pein -00 t)i'6eA'OA\f 1 jcorii- 
rhAfc^\i"De.ACU x^f Aon : ^gvif ^n c*\n ]\o co\\At) i, do CuADx-Xf 
Afi Aon A\\ An V)lpAlAX)\\Am tlAicne, ^^uf ni luMtfifce^f a 65 
n-e^Ccfixi no 50 p^ngA'OxifA c^CAMf C^ml^oi'De. 

Aguf cuijilmgeAf A\\ An ttf AitCe m*X|\ a.\ t)fUA|u\'Oxi|\ An fi ; 
Aguf be^nntiijeAf An injeAr, -oo, Aguf cuifeAf 1 fein a\\ [a] 
fAOifeAtri Aguf Af A ComAi|\ce. pAffvtiigeAf An |\i x.\X)l)Af a 
tiimeAglA DO 'n injin. Innife^f An inje^n dO ArhAiL ADut)- 70 
fAiriAf fortiAinn. Aguf gAb^f An jai fin do l^irii a cofnAtii a\\ 
fe^f Alb An DOtriAin tnle ; Agtif if moiDe do jAb fin do lA;rii, 
eADdn An uai|\ f Ainig An fiogAn d'a lAtAif ni |\Aib cnAtti 50 
meiD 6fVDlAi5 De 6 bonn 50 bAitif nAf lion d'a feifC Aguf 
d' a f iof-j;f At). 75 

pAffuigeAf An fi Di f AtiiAil a fif, A5;uf fo innif do gup 

fIDIfe fO-AffACCAC A^tlf JAIfCeADAC gnioiiiACcAC e, AgUf 

5ti|\Ab Af eigeAn do tu^ fe i fein leif 6 ci'if, A^iif jufAb 

d' a bfi^ fin A CAflA f 11 At AICI Alf, AgUf nA\\ feAD An fUAt 

fin DO ClAoclot) fiAtri ; Aguf iiaC f v\ib if An 5C|\iofCAit)eA(ic 80 
f i no f 6-flAit DO fAoilfeAD f i d* a bAnACAil nO d' a HimDion 
nA6 DCACAit) fi feAl 6151 n d' a feACAinc, Aguf nAC bfUAif e 
gonui^e fin : " A^uf fOf if do Cfeicib ah fif fin A5 a fAbAf, 
eADon peADAii ^iic-binn ^lAn-Aif <:;id a biof Aige : Ajuf 
An uAi|\ DO feinneAf e, fif joncA Aguf miiA |\e tiAoi- 85 

DeAnAlb, lAOlC 1A|\ nA leADfAt) AgUf CUfAlt) lAf n-A 

5c n Ai til -5 eAff At), DO ctiiffeAt) 'n-A Droifcim fiiAin Aguf 


to-day is the third day since I left the Fort of the Red Hall, 
and I am in the wilderness, a-riding ever since^' 

" My horse will carry us both together when thy horse is 
exhausted," said the girl, " for it is patient and a good 
load-bearer, and a very good burden-bearer, and it will take 
every short cut for us on the spot that we ourselves will know 
nothing of." 

Eagle-boy consents, though he thought it hard, and so long 
as strength remained to his own horse they were riding together, 
and when it was exhausted they went together on the Grey 
Palfrey, and their adventures are not related till they reached 
the castle of Camelot. 

And he leaps on the lawn where they found the king, and the 
girl salutes him, and puts herself under his relief and protection. 
The king asks the girl the cause of her terror. The girl tells 
him as we have said above. And the king takes in hand her 
protection against all the men of the world ; and he took that in 
hand all the more for this, that the moment the queen came 
into his presence there was not a bone the size of an inch from 
the sole of his foot to the crown of his head that did not fill 
with love and lasting affection for her. 

The king asks of her the manner of her husband, and she 
told him that he was a very fierce knight and an active man of 
valour, and that it was by force he took her at first, and that 
it was because of that she had a hatred for him, and that she 
was never able to change that hatred ; and that there was not 
a king or a great prince in Christendom which she would 
think would protect or guard her, that she did not go some 
time to see him, but did not find it till then. " Moreover, it 
is one of the qualities of that man with whom I have 
been, that he has a sweet- voiced flute of pure silver ; and 
whenever he sounds it, wounded men, and women with child, 
heroes beaten, and warriors with their bones hacked, hearing 
that peaceful music, it would put them in a stupor of sleep 

136 gaCuua rh ACAOirii-Ari-iolAm 

fio|A-Co*OAlCA lAT) ]\e cloifcin ^n ceoil fitij fin. '<^5Uf if 6 
'n jceol fin A|goifice<Af\ 'Rix)if\e ^\n Citnl 'oe." 

C^ot)Z]\S6z beife^Af -An fi ^n inge-dn "oo 'n T)unA"0, ^Aguf 90 
•ounAf An ce^glAci 50 litiile a\\ 'ooiffit) ^Nguf puinneo^^Mb An 
T)tinAi"6 6 t)iin 50 t)Af\|i : Aguf ctiijieAf ah injeAn 1 feotrif a 
•OAingeAn "oittieitDe a t)i 1 tDfiof-uACCAf nA cuifce, loniAX) jlAf 
A^iif geibeAnn ai|\, A^uf lo6|iAnn loinneA|\-6A lAfAiiiAiL Af 
lAfAt) AjA lAf An cfeotrif A, Aj^iif c^AT) fi'oife fo-CAltriA, tun 95 
An TliT)if e "Oub triAC f 105 ]rf Ainnce, ifceA6 Ajtif Amtiij A|a 5A6 
CAOit) •DO 'n *ooi\Af ; A^tJf Sif iDAlbuAni) A^tif ceAT) fiT)ife a|\ 
p|iiorh-'6of Af An 'ounAi'O ; Agtif ceA*o fix)if e eile um TtlACAorh- 
An-1otAi|\ 1 fCAbtA r\A n-eAc a^ coirheAX) nA pAlAti)|AAit) tlAitne ; 
Aguf moif-teAglAC An ^^ot, A5 f Aife Aguf A5 fOfcoittieAX) ^00 
■ooib fin uile : Aguf An fi fein a|\ t)Af f nA ciiifice ax:; comieAX) 
•061 ti), Aguf A5 fiut)Al TOif lu6c An toirheA'ocA fin, t>' gajIa 
50 5CO*otAi'oif n6 50 n-imfeo6Ait)e AtriAill' aja bit ofCA fo 'n 
gcoirheAT) fin do jtACA-OAf "oo lAirh. 

UAf rheA'66n-oiX)6e T)o 'n Aimfif CAinig "Ri-oife An CuiiL a|\ 105 
An bfAit6e ; Agtif T)o6onnA|ic An CACAif CeAnn-Afo 6iiplAof)AC, 
Agtif An t)ftii*6eAn beAnn-Copf blAit-tx^AnniAit) Af lAfAt) T)o 
foiltfe T)o 'n CAoib ifceA6 uiLe, A^uf T)o Aitin 50 f Aib coitii- 
eAT) triAit Ap An mgin. -Aguf tuj^ feA'OAn 5lAn-Aif5;i'o t)0 bi 
Ai^e AtriAC, A^uf -oo j^b a?^ a feinni 50 feirh fiotAiiiAil : lio 
Ajuf u\f 5cloifceAn An Ceoil fin "oo 'n nieix) "oo bi 6 bAllAixjib 
A5;iif 6 inufCAib nA CAtf AC AtriAC, X)o tmceADAf 'n-A T)COif Citn 

fUAin A>;Uf fiOf-CODAlCA, AgUf "DO ^niox) niAf An JCeADllA 

fc UiCc coirrieAT)A An "oofAif Agtif fe 5A6 T)|AeAfn A]\ Cgaiia 6 
fin fUAf ?;onui5e An feomf a UACcf aC 1 n-A f Aib An t^i Agiif 115 
An ingeAn. Aj^uf ge 'f "boiLig fin, ctiifAeAf 'n-A 'ocoifcnn 
fUAin lAT) iriAf An ^ceATDnA, lonnAf juf Cuif a "oa IaiIi 5;o 
cuiin 1 T)CiinCeAlL nA binj;ine ; Agiif c6j;Af 6f U]\ Ajiif o]-" 
Afo A 5UAlAnn 1, Aguf ni -OeAfnA corhnui"6e leice no 50 

^ nimeocA ATTiAoile. MS. 


and long slumber : and from that music he is called the 
Knight of Music." * 

However, the king takes the girl to the dwelling, and closes 
in the household completely at the doors and windows of the 
dwelling from bottom to top. And he puts the girl in a strong 
cell-chamber which was in the very top of the court, with many 
locks and fastenings on it, and a bright flaming lantern burn- 
ing in the middle of the room, and a hundred very valorous 
knights, with the Black Knight, son of the King of France, 
inside and outside on each side of the door ; and Sir Galahad 
and a hundred knights at the chief door of the palace; and a 
hundred other knights with Eagle-boy in the stable of the 
horses guarding the Grey Palfrey ; and the whole household of 
the king watching and guarding them all : and the king himself 
in the top of the court watching them, and walking from one 
to the other of these watchmen lest they should sleep, or lest 
any trick should be played on them throughout the watch 
which they had taken in hand. 

Over midnight came the Knight of Music on the lawn, 
and he saw the lofty domed castle and the curve-topped palace 
of smooth materials burning all with light inside, and he per- 
ceived that the girl was being well watched. And he took out a 
flute of pure silver that he had, and began to play it gently 
and peacefully. And when all who were on the walls and 
ramparts of the castle outside heard the music, they fell into 
a stupor of sleep and long slumber ; and he did likewise with the 
people guarding the door and with every company in general 
from that up to the upper chamber where were the king and 
the girl. And, though it was difficult, he puts them into a 
stupor of sleep likewise, so that he put his two hands gently 
about the girl, and he lifts her on the edge and height of his 
shoulder, and makes no stand with her till he reached the 

13^ eACcrivA tlvACAoini-An-iolAin 

A^uf lei^evVf'go Lv\|\ Aguf 50 l^\n-CALTti^\n i, ^guf nio|\ rhotuig 
fi Aon nit) "oe fin : *.\^uTf cu^\\T)U\^eAy An bAile n6 50 GpuAip 
^n fCvXblA. v\5ur peinne^f *.\n peAD^An X)o TflACAom-An-1olvM|\ 
x^5Uf T)^\ 6orriliu\T)A|A cufVAt) : -Aguf cuif\eAf 'n-A gco-olAt) m-A|\ 
Au 5cev\"onA.\ md ; x\5Uf 50i*oev\f An 'pAlAb\\A]t) ViA\tne UAtA. 125 

1TlLifcL,Af An inje^in u\ii fin, Aguf fuf AL<\f Ui-oiiie An Ciutl 
uiffi, m^\ oLc nuMc leici e, X)ul fOfi rriuin nA lpAlAb]^A^^6 
t1.\itne, Aguf ni tuMt|\ifce<Af a n-inite^\cc<\ ^xf fin ^fiAon r\6 
50 f^n5A'o^\|\ TDun n^ C*.\|\|\Ai5e "Ouibe, eA"66n b^ile bun^it) 
A^uy cuifc CoitriT)eA.\6 cottinui"oe RiDife An CiuiL : A^uy ni t>6 13() 
A Le^nf^mAOi-D 50 foill. 

Cio-6cf..\Cc UAf rnufClAX) t)0 ltU\cx\orh-x\n-1olAi|\, tug l^rh A|a 
x\ gnuif A^uy A]\ A t^lAn-A^^A^t>, A^uy puAif An Ia ?;o n-A lAn- 
foiLlf e ^156. Ajuf •De4fC*^f 1 n-^ tiin6eAll, A^uy ni yuA)^ An 
yAlAX)yA\t) U^itne ^Mge : ^guf f luMf a ConiltiA'OA|\ cufxit) Aj^uy 135 
CiMcniile^T) 1 n-A "ocoifCitn ftuAin xxguf f iof^-Co•OAlc*^. SmiMin- 
eAy ^nnfin 50 fii5<\T) An mACAom nin^\ u^stA n\A\\ aou |\if 
An X)fAlAV)\\A^t> lUxitne : ^guf ni ^A\b 6 t)0|\Af n^ f *MtCe j^uf 
An T)0\\Ay lu\6c<^fv^6 T)o tii ^f An Ufeotrif ai n-Ajt^it!) ^n ingexin, 
Aon -otiine n^C bfiMiji 'n-A Cox)Iax). A-Xguf miifcUAf uile k\*o. Hfy 
Uuiue^f UonnT)ut) ^guf mio-Aij^ne.Mii tn6f Ay An jiig Cfix) fin 
fex.\C<A CAt, 50 iTDub^MfC niACAorii-^n-loUMf — 

" A fij; A^uy a t\t,eAynA, nS biox> ini-fhe*.\ntnA no "OjaoiC- 
rheifne^C OfC-fA um t)xAiL n^ littijine lix). 6i|\ coingnn-fi a 
•oroingitj mo tuAt nAt bfuiL 6 tuf5ti)^il 5|\eine 50 fuineAt) 145 
1AC no inif no oile<\n n^t iAf|Af<\T)-fA n6 50 bfuije^X) fce4l<\ 
nA liingine ut) -oinc Afif. " 

" X)a n-oe^nf^Mf fin," 'bAif An fi, " beif ne*.\fc flu^ig 
Aj;uy yo6\\A:X)e fioc "o' a tiu\ffAi"6." 

"Hi beA|\f.\T),''' A]\ TTlACAom-An-lolAiiA, ' a(:z me fein 1 15(> 
m' UACAXJ ^suf 1 m' AonA|i.\n. Aguf T)a DciLLim if Leof "Ouic- 


breadth of the green-sodded verdant-grassy lawn. And he 
lays her down on the bare ground, and she was not conscious 
of a single thing, and he searches the steading till he found 
the stable, and blows the flute to Eagle-boy and his company of 
heroes, and puts them asleep likewise, and steals the Grey 
Palfrey away from them. 

The girl wakes after that, and the Knight of Music bids 
her, whether she will or not, mount on the back of the Grey 
Palfrey, and their adventures together from then are not re- 
lated till they reached the Fort of the Black Rock, that is, the 
family steading and the strong court of dwelling of the Knight 
of Music. And we will not follow him yet a while. 

However, when Eagle-boy woke he put a hand on his face 
and his clear countenance, and found the day on him, with its 
full light. And he looks around and did not find the Grey 
Palfrey by him : and he found his company of heroes and 
soldiers in their stupor of sleep and lasting slumber. Then he 
thinks that the young woman was taken from them, together 
with the Grey Palfrey : and there was not, from the door of 
the lawn to the upper door that was at the room in which was 
the girl, a single man that he did not find asleep. And he 
wakes them all. Gloom and great depression falls on the king 
thereat, beyond them all, till Eagle-boy said : — 

" King and lord, be not down-hearted or discouraged about 
the fate of yonder girl. For I swear as my tribe swears, that 
from sunrise to sunset there is no land or isle or island that I 
shall not seek till I get news of yonder girl for thee again." 

'' If thou wilt do so," said the king, "take with thee the 
strength of a host and of reinforcements to seek her." 

" I shall take no one," said Eagle-boy, V but myself, alone 
and solitary. If I return, that is enough for thee; and if' 

I40 eACcuA nK\CAOirri-A\n-iotAin 

fe e: .\5tif nuitu\ t>z\ a6z ino fr.xg.xil .a^ .\ lof,' |?e.M).\i-6 cu- 
]M ne<.\nc r^"-^!?; -^5"r fot^i-oe do Cup -o'.a liu\|\t\vMi) 6 foin 

•' mv\1fe*^■d/' ^n .Ml fii, " .\c.\ t)^fiAm.\il .vg.Mn-f.x guf^xt) CAf 155 
liiuin .Nguf .\|\ m6|\-fMiiit\5e CAinig .mi inje^n tix) Cug.Mnn, 
^5Uf v^-M^ -\ cotu\it)e.ACc.i 1 n-A "oumtj. 5uf\<\b uime fin a 
irioUMtn-fe -ouic-pe .\n cut^pAC bu.A-o^C b.\|A|;-6uibe.\rx\6 aca 
.\5Am-f.\ T)o tJt\eic le.\c, noc -oo tuip inje.Mi nioj; Ci|\e ^^6 
tutnn m^p fe.x-o fOine.\nixML fui|At;e Cu5Am-f.\ ; -cAguf if X)' .\ 160 
t3u*.Mt)ift u\f\ f ui-oe t)uic j^nn, T).\ n-u\|\ |um|i .\f fe.vfC.Ml) T)e .xguf 
.\n Ciiff.Mj cibe b^ll 1 n-.\ inbe.vx) t)o tfK\Ll no do jnd- 
cu^.vx) -oo tj|\eic .\nn, 50 mbe.\fp.\Tj fe .\nnfin ci'i," ^.mi .\mfAf 
5.\n .\ii\x)-niev\|\u5v\t) eoUvif .\f bit. ^Nguf if -o' a bu^i-dib fof 
50 coinit)e.\f T)6 fiubUvf fe .\f ttuiip le ^^oit ^guf 'n-x\ 165 
ce<\]\z-A^^^t). ACa.\ fLe^fC •DfAoit)eA6c.\ .Mje, -c^5Uf ^n u.Mf 
f.\5f.\f cu e, bu*Ml .\n fLexAfC xMf , ^guf ni but) le^f •00 "ouine 
.\f bit *o'fe.\fvMb nA c*.\lm*An e 5^0 bfiLlfeACti fein (iui^e Afif." 

" l)eif buAit) xA^iif be*.\nn.\Cc, .\ fij ^guf .\ tigCAifn.A," a\\ 
tTI*^CAOt■h-An-1oUMf, " .Af .An ^-ob^f 5«fv\b e fin congiuMii 170 
lofgxMf e^ccA If mo .a bi 1 fix\Cc.\nxAf ofm : .Nguf if bu.At)A6 
AC^Aim .Anoif , oif ni bfti.Mf ^on 'ouine congn^iii lo|A5xMpe*\CcA 
If fe^ff lon^ e." 

5lUxAife*Af tnACAorh-.\n-1oU\if 50 b^it^e.Apf u\f fin, <^5t1f 
ciotnn^f ceAX) Aguf ceile^bf.At) do 'n fig -Aguf do 'n IliDife 175 
"Oub, A,\5Uf d' infill lAflA CAffAige .\n Scuif, Aguf do ^i 
ceAt^lAC uile o fin .Am.AC. Agtif gltUMfe^f 50 ciuniAif An 

CuAin AJ^Uf An CAlA"0pU1fC, AgUf CUIfCvNf An CUffAC Af triuif 

Aguf Af rh6f-pAifi\5e, Agiif fuiDeAf Ann, A'S^'iy lAffAf a\\ 
feAfCAib t)e Aguf Af bUAiDib <\\^ Cuff A15 uU DifeAC do 180 
•OeAnAfh DO j;uf An aic 1 n-A f.Mb IngeAn nA ^AlAbfAit) 
llAitne. AVguf ni AitfifceAf a imteACcA no eAcicf a 6 fin 50 
tiiij; Ia DeA>^, 

' Pr<jl)Ml)ly read mo pA^AiL b^if Ay a lop, '' my dying tor lier Siike." 


nothing comes but my departure for her sake (?) thou canst 
send the strength of a host and a multitude to seek her from 
that out." 

" Well," said the king, " I conjecture that it is over sea and 
on the ocean yonder girl came to us, and the man pursuing 
after her. So that therefore I advise thee to take with 
thee the precious neat-topped canoe I have, which the daughter 
of the King of gave me as a delightful love- 
gift ; and it is one of its virtues that, after sitting in it, if thou 
askest for the miracles of God and of the canoe, to take thee 
to whatsoever quarter in which thy journey or thy business 
may be, it will bear thee vvithout doubt or without confusion 
of knowledge at all. And it is also one of its virtues that in- 
differently it advances on the sea with the wind or right 
against it. It has a wand of druidry, and when thou shaltquit 
it, strike the rod upon it, and it will not be visible to any one 
of the men of the world till thou mayst return again to it.'' 

" Victory and a blessing be thine, O king and lord,'' said 
Eagle-boy," because that is the greatest help in tracking of which 
I stood in need ; and now I am triumphant, for no one found 
tracking better than that." 

Eagle-boy goes very shortly after that, and leaves his fare- 
wells with the king and with the Black Knight, and with the 
daughter of the lord of Carraig an Scuir, and with the 
whole household from that out. And he goes to the border of 
tlie harbour and the haven, and puts the canoe on the sea and 
the ocean, and sits there, and asks for the miracles of God and 
the virtues of the canoe to make a straight course for him to 
the place where was the Girl of the Grey Palfrey. And his 
journeyings or adventures are not related from that on for 
fifteen days. 

142 eACunA rhACAOirh-An-iolAin 


^5^r 1 scionn n^ |\6 -Aguf tiA tiAimfipe fin, 'oex^pCc^f 
TlU\CAotri-*_\n-1olv\i|A 50 5f\mn x^5Uf 50 5l*.\n-fiA'6AfiCx^(i 1 ^ce^tAif 
-Ai|AT)[i1i)] nA ti*M'6ti)eife lonj-Anc^ig iumtj, 5*^CA n'DipeA.\6, no 
50 t)p^\C/A lonf-AriuML innfe 1 X)]:ax) u^Mt). Agup cei*o a\\ {a 
tij^muf 50 ti.Mt5e^|Af\ : A^uy u\|\ n-^|AOCCAin "06, ceiT) ifcex\C 5 
-Ann, -Ajuf t)u*Mle<\f ^\n cufp^t "oo ple^fc "opAoi-CeACL"^, ^up 
f?x.\5-Ait) p6 'Doilt)-Ceo e, ^suf ^^ix) pein ftu\f 1 n-<\|\T) ^n 

Ajuf ptJxMfA fe t)unA"6 clo6-bl^it ce-AtxAf-tnlle^nn^t 
cxMfle^Mn A\y mullAt r\A CA]\i\A^^e pn fiMf, x^5tJf x^on -oofAf 10 
1 n-A Ce\]\z-rr\eAX)6r\. Agtif •Ofitn'oevVf lTlAC^orfi-xxn-1ol*Mp x.\m-AC 
6 t)un ^\n (b^Mfle^in, a^uj; CM^eA\' 1 n-^ 6uilcn:)it> |A[e]x\c*i pionn- 
tuAit e |:6in, ^suf tinge^f -o' u|\lAnn^it:) a f^e^^g -Aguf T)o 
^f^tin^Mt) A (ifvxioipeA.\C, xvguf -o' eifij "oo bAoit-leim e^\'oc]\inm 
eA'o^\t\t)UAifi5 nC 50 tuijALing a\\ au •oo|u\f Apt) fin : ^N^uf ir> 
ceiT) "oo *n X)A\\A leim x^f ti|\l^f. 

Agvif if xMTilAit) fu^if ingeAn AU\inn 6f\-folc*\(i ^\nn, A^uy 
1 c^orh-CfutAC ce^^r.n-AlxMnn 'oei'o-ge^xL "oe-AffcnA x)fe*.\6- 

fOl<^f f UxMf C f llllblf f O-gf Af^-At, 'n-A hUAtAt) A^U^" '1^-A hAonA\-^ 

ifcij. Aguf fuit)eAf 1 r\-A fotAif a'^u]' 'n-A f-Affxxt), ^^5uf 20 
gAbAf x^5 f uif Je Aguf a^ f it-t)ionn-f^\"0 \\^A, x\5Uf -A5 fMfiAinje 
Aguf A-^ fACc.Mn fce-AlA "61. 

Vr^^Sr^r ^^^ mgeAn -06 ^guf innife^f x>6 6 tuf : ^uf.AG i 
f6in TlMrh Cinnpionn, inje^n fiog n^ tiln-oi^, ^guf nA6 \\a\X) 
mAC f 105 no f 6i-ti j;eAfnA 'f^n gcf uinne 50 c6ini-iomL<\n UAt 25 

f Alb T)' A llUAff <MX) A\\ A tiACAIf , A^5Uf 50 "OCUgAt) BAf At) COC- 

.niAifce o\\tA uile ; Aguf 50 "octisATDAf cuf potriofAt fTionn- 
riiAige fiO|\-5fAnnA leo i X)' Aini"6eoin -a IiaCajia A5;uf 
A m^tAfA ^guf nA ti1nT)iA ui-Le. '' ^Nguf ACAim aca fe 
t)liA"i')Ain," Af fi, " 5An X)uil •OAon'OA -o'feicfinc ffip An 30 



And at the end of that season and time, Eai^le-Boy looks 
pleasantly and clear-sightedly in the four quarters of the 
wonderful ocean, straight forward, till he saw the likeness 
of an island far away from him. And he comes to ap- 
proach it very shortly ; and after reaching it he enters there, 
and strikes the canoe with the wand of druidry, so that he left 
it in a dark fog, and himself comes up on the height of the 

And he found a smooth-stoned four-cornered foundation of 
a castle on the top of that rock above, with one door in its 
very middle. And Eagle-boy goes out from the bottom of the 
castle, and dresses himself in his garments of very swift run- 
ning, and he leaps with the staves of his spears and the poles 
of his javelins, and arose 'with a light lofty wild leap till he 
alighted at that lofty door ; and he comes on to the floor with 
the second leap. 

This is what he found : a beautiful golden-haired girl there, 
tender-formed, lovely-headed, white-toothed, refined, bright- 
faced, gracious, cheerful and lovable, alone and solitary inside. 
And he sits beside her and near her, and begins to woo her 
and to say long and pleasant things to her, and to ask and 
inquire for news of her. 

The girl answers and tells him from the beginning : That 
she was Niamh Fair-hair, daughter of the King of India, and 
that there was not a king's or prince's son in the whole 
universe that was not asking her of her father, and that 
the match was refused to all of them ; and that an expedition 
of hideous Pirates of the White Plain had taken her with 
them against the will of her father and her mother and of all 
India. " And I am with them the space of a year," said she, 

144 eACcRv\ rliACv\oim-An-iotAiu 

tie fo 5Uf iiTOiu. AXguf ^<\]\ mo CAft.Mjic leo -oo 'n "otin 
fo, |\o eifiij itTi|AevAf^\n mop-vM-otieil ^xjuf ce*.\5tri^AiL 
Cv\|AAt)-6cA cinncit)e cinneAfnAt C|\oim--6io5AlCv\C e^coptA 
umAm-p,.A, d' peAC.Mnc cu\ .sca ):ein ^5 a tnt)eit)inn niAjA 
tiiDAoi •o'x\ buiuxt). Agtir "OO Com|\Aicij^ev\T)Af\ |\e ceile 50 cul- 35 
t)opb cinne^xfnAC c|\oitn-t)io5AlCA(i ^\5;uf 50 ]:f\AO(io^ix)e ireAjA^vNt 
pAjAjiAnAC 5f\eAnAC 5ptu\mt)0k 5A|At)-t)enne*Miiu\C, 5^11 piop cl^if 
no citne a\\ ceA6cA|\ -oiot) fev\6 a 6eiLe, a6c a beit ^5 leA-6- 
[bAt)] Agu]^ ^5 teA-opAt) A 6eile -Ooili). Cfvi U\ Aguf ceo|\A 
lioi-6Ce "6515 a]\ ah op-oujAt) fin, gAn ceAn^Al 5A01I n6 pAi|\ce 40 
A5:; ceACCA|\ T)iob fie ceile pf\if An |\e fin, ACr ahiaiI bA cuf 
•oeAfsnAiriAT) iat). T)o bi niife X)' a n-ArhA|\c triAf fin," Af fi, 
" LAn -oo lucgAife Aguf t)o loinneAciAf, 1 f\ioCc 50 m Apt) aid if 
fern A 6eiLe 'n-A •ocfiup: A^uf "00 finuAin ine A|\Tf nA6 fAib 
TTiAic •OAm fein Annpn, 6i|\ X)a mAif[f] eAt) Aon T)iiine aca, 50 45 
tnbeinn fein Ai^e 50 b|\At. T)o AitCeAf Agtif t)0 jiiiiJeAf iad 
50 "DioCfA iitn fuifeA(j Af mo bfeit fein 'f*^" ScCiif fin : Aguf 

•00 fAOmA'DAf fin "OAm-fA. XN^tlf T)0 j^AbAf CUlf AgUf ]\.\rA 

5feine Agiif eAfCA Aeif oftA imi CoiiiALlnA bfeice b6Af[f]Ainn 

eACOfCA, AgUf T)0 fAt)f AT) fin T)Am. A^Uf If eAt) AT)UbAfC-fA •">o 

fill : ' o'f lib fein mife T)o biinAt) Agiif Tto feiLb "oilif , 
cuifim jeAfA Aifm-jeApftA opAib ^An luige liom nb 50 
bf Aigi^ci mo niACfAmLA Af "OeAlb Agiif Ap 'oeAnAm, Af 6A5- 

COfC A^Uf A|\ inneALl, A\\ UAlfLe A^Uf Af ACAfOACC T)0 t)1Af 

bAn eile, ion nAf 50 mbeAt) beAn A5 j^s6 feAf A^Aib "611111 6 55 
fin Am AC, Aguf 50 mbeinn fein fei"6 Leo 6 fin aiiiaC, Ajiif 50 

gCOlltieADfAI-Oif A 115 AOl AgUf A bpAlfC 1 Af fin. 'DllbfAT)Af- 

fAn ge'f "601115 t)6ib fin oo "deAiiAm 50 nT)e.\nf vViDif e. Aj;uf 
nA6 5CAillfi"Oip A ngeAfA soninge fin, nA6 p Aib diiI T)iob 
AgAin-fA -As^T <^c^^i"'^> KI^T ^^'1 mblK\f)Ain fin ACAim aca a^ ^0 
flip A^iif Ag K\ppAi"6 nA 5Cpio6 A^uf HA 5C1 neAt)A6 'n-A "orim- 
6eAll, "o'fiof An bfuigi-o'f mo fAniAil-fe 5;An lomAfCAit) 5 An 
eAfbAit) : Agiif nl bfiiApA-OAf 6 foin 1 leit: A^iif ni beA^ liom-f a 


''without seeing a human creature all this time till to-day. 
And after they brou^^ht me with them to this fort, there 
arose a terrible quarrel and a bull-like fiery urgent heavily- 
vindictive combat between them about me, to see to which of 
them I should be as a wife for his family. And they wrangled 
together sudden and roughly, urgently, heavy and vindictively, 
and furiously, wrathfully, vexatiously, irritatingly, gloomily, and 
with rough blows, knowing no weakness or fear each before 
his fellow, but they were striking and beating one another. 
Three days and three nights were they in that fashion, 
without a treaty of valour or of union between any of them all 
that time, but as though they were a party of bitter enemies. 
I was watching them thus " said she " full of joy and gladness, 
hoping that they would kill each other all three ; and I 
thought again that that was no good for me, for if one man of 
them should survive I would be his for ever. 1 begged and 
prayed them vehemently to tarry my own decision in the 
matter ; and they granted that to me. And I took securities 
and contracts of the sun and moon of the air of them, for 
the accomplishment of the decision I should make between 
them, and they granted that to me. And this is what 
I said to them : ' Since you think me a good thing to have for 
family and for possession, I put arm-cutting tabus upon 
you not to lie with me until you lead captive two other women, 
my like in form and figure, in appearance and in trappings, in 
nobility and in patrimony so that there may be a wife from among 
us for each man of you from that out, and that 1 may be agreed 
with them from that out, and that their fellowship and union 
may guard [me] after that.' The}' said that though that was 
hard for them to do they would do it, and not break their 
tabus till then, since I could not get away from them. And 
for the year that I have been with them they are searching 
and seeking the countries and tribes around them, to know if 
they will get my like without excess or deficiency ; and they 
have not found her from that to this ; and I do not think that 

ii6 evNCcuA rtiACAOim-An-iol.Am 

A lu^\f 'oojeob^MT) uxT) fin. Aguf 5iDe f1ul^<^l 'oognit!) ^An 
IS, C151T) vAtinfo ^a6 n-oi'OCe.'' **^ 

" Ca liAnniAMitM 5oi|\ceAip "oo iv\ fe*^v|\*Mb i^^n," A\y TTI-*^CAorh- 
-<Mi-1olxM|A, " -c\5Uf c-AT) e rixi h^i|\m g^Mfce A\y a\\ Cj^eife k\*o ? " 

''5P"15' 5r^^^S> ^^5"r Sf-^^S^^" -^ n-Annu\nnA,'' Aj^ <\n inse-An, 
" x-Aguf cl^nn T)o 5^1^^) rh^c "OoUAifA 6 itniltiti) mx\|AA Zo\y^\An 
uvt). A^uf lui|\5-pe^|\f Ai'oi'oe CAt^A azS ac<\, 50 fL*\t!)pxM'6it) 70 
fit-jAijne u\|A<Mnn A^uf 50 n-iit)Aill-ine.\Ll<Mt) itn|\e*.\rh|i<v M|\.Ainn 
^\]\ DA fU\tDfvM'Dit) fin, 50 Dce^fCf Ai-oif cLiiitti fe 5-AOit n6 
fionnfA'6 1 n-<\5A\it) ffotv\ le 5^6 x^on f Aot)x.\f *o'a t)fuil o\\tA : 
<A5Uf If 1AT) fin Aifin If cfeife A\y a Gftnl fu\T). '<^5Uf if 
ciifxMX) CAliriA cu1tnfe<\Cx^ cf011^-nev^fC1rlx^f*^ coiiri|ie<\rhfA u\t), 75 
Ajguf ge'f iriAiu linn *^nArilxMn-f1 ^guf Aomci^e^f "oo Geit 
vAgAinn, If fC-triAit linn 5.\n u\T) fin T)o t^neit ofc ^^vMiin 
AnoCc, 5it)e cu X)' frej^pAil) iv^Mfle no ^nu.xifle ^n "oorhAMn 
til 01 f." 

"5i^e ine,'' ^f tn^CAom-An-lol-Aif, " ni f-c\5fAit) tne A.\n 80 
b^ile-fe no 50 bfeicfi-o ine ^n cfiiif fin.'' 

•' Til "DO tn' "Oeoin-fe *oo$ni cCi fin,'' a\\ fifi. 

1 gcionn CfCALUN ^imfife \A\y fin no (ionncA'0*^|\ An C|\iu|\ 
Aite^C 6u6a fo 'n Am fein : A^uf tn^f fUAf ^vDAf IDACAoni-An- 
lolAif fotnpA ifci 5, "oo CAot) [a] n5eAn n5neA-5|\^\nnA gAifC 85 

AgUf fOf-t)fAllCeACA1f lA-O, AgUf "OO AlCUIjeADAf fif nA 

•oeititi) A"OAf CA An oif eA*o fin T)' f eoltriAC 'oo (iuf CuCa 'ooCiiin 
A fill pel p. 

'''S^'() foilttif fitD-fi, A tfiuf CfeAn-t)AtlA(!;, foirii An t)feol- 
liiAC fin, ni bpuAif fib fiAtri feolniAC bnbeAf ft^itfe lib Ag a 90 
CvNfCAfC lonA e. 50 •ocoil -oo "Oia,'' Af TTlACAorh-An-lolAifi. 

TTlAjA 'DOCUAlA'OAf nA llAltl$ ffeAgf A CAf AoncAC An f1T)lfe 

<3i5 ArhultAig fin offA "oo CuA-OAf fein 1 inuinijm a n-Aiftn 
AgUf A n-10lfA0bAf, Agtlf -oo lAff TTlACAOtri-An-lolAif ConifAC 
AOinf^tA OftA. 95 

" Hi tnibf Am,'' A|\ f iv\T). 


with little activity they will find them. And whatever distance 
they go each day, they come here each night." 

" By what names are those men called," said Eagle-Boy, 
'' and what are the arms of valour in which they are 
strongest ? " 

" Grug, Grag, and Gragan are their names " said the girl, 
" and" they are the children of Garbh, son of Dolar, from the 
shores of the Torrian Sea. And they have battle-clubs with 
ever-tough chains of iron, with very stout iron mace-heads on 
those chains, so that they would lop feathers in the wind, or a 
hair on the face of a stream with every edge they have : and 
those are the strongest arms they have. And they are valorous, 
powerful, strong-handed, very stout warriors, and though we 
should like to remain and dwell together, we think it well not 
to bring them upon thee with us to-night, whoever thou be of 
the noble or the ignoble men of the great world." 

" Whatever I be," said Eagle-Boy, " I will not leave this 
bailey till I shall see those three." 

" Not by my will doest thou thus," said she. 

At the end of a space of time after that they saw the three 
giants coming to them at the very moment : and when they 
found Eagle- Boy inside before them, their hideous humour of 
laughter and joy forced them, and they adored the gods for 
sending them .so much flesh-meat for their supper. 

" Though ye be merry, ye trio of powerful vagabonds, be- 
fore that flesh-meat, never did ye find flesh-meat harder to 
slaughter than that, with the will of God," said Eagle-Boy. 

When the giants heard the contentious answer to them- 
selves of that young beardless knight, they went confiding in 
their arms and their manifold weapons, and Eagle-boy asked 
single combat of them. 

" We will not give it," said they. 

148 eACuuA tliACAoit1i-An-iolAMU 

" Oip 5it) niof Ua 'ni fo "oo t>eimip, -00 be^t) .aja ^consnAtii 
ipem A^ A Ceile ; aj;u\' 6 'n tneix) ^CAtnx\oit) ^\nn xMioif , bei't) <Af\ 
Scongn^rh pein AgAinn," x^|a 5P"'5 ^^"^"^^ 5^'!^^'- 

" rriAMfeAt:)," ^t^ mACAorh-An-lolAit^, " ciii|\e<\tn pein At^T)- 100 
jAi tleirhe ^guf n^xorh-t^lrhAn "oo Cope ^i^\\ n-Aintri6me A^up 
X)U]\ n-iomA|\CAi"6 0|\m pern." 

Aguf If curriA \\o Xn X)\\ juvt), Aguf noccAf a 6LAit)eAm 
clAifleACAti coil5--6it\eA6, Aguf lonnf Aige^p ah ceAtj\A|\ fin 
A ceile, A^uf f\o jAttfAT) A5 imipc a ^cle^p goile A^ur s^ipce 105 
A\y A 6eile 5^11 pi op ct^ip ji6 cime Af\ ceACcA|\ "oiol?, 50 "oeoit) 
^5"r 5*^ DeijieAt) All lc\e. A^up rnA|\ haC bpACADAp tu\ 

bAClAlj bAOgAL ACv\ A|\ CAfCAjAC tlA feolA •OOCUni A f U1peA]A, f o 

jAbpAT) corhpopAT) corrifAic 50 rriAiuin. 

A6c ACA ni^^ (:eAr\A, niO|\ CAi|\"oeArhAil CA|\tAtinA6 Aoncui- 110 
]5eAf tiA bCAg-bui-One pin 50 mAi'Oin, Agup niojA Cotricpom 
Aoinleigip 1AT) : 6\\\ ]\o CuifipeAT) tiA ]:omo|AAi5 luibe ice Agup 
bf^AonA bAlpAim 1 n-A gctieA-OAib a^u);' 1 n-A 5C|\eA6cAib jup 
bo fleAtiiAin pLAii iax); Agup "oo bi-OeATDAfv a CneA-6A pein ?;An 
leAfujAt) 5An leigeAp Ap ttlACAorii-An-lolAip. Agup ni m6\\ 115 
"oo Co-oLAt) X)o poinnpeAT) A|\ 5A6 Lett An oi'6Ce pin : a^^i^ 
eipgiT) 1 tnoc-t)Ail nA mAi-one moiCe a|\ n-A bApdC, Agupjio ^aX) 
piAX) An corhlAnn ceAT)nA *oo lAitri. A^iip bA cneA'bAC 
cpeACcAC C]\6iLinnceA6 ppAoCcA ptiilceAC fAob|iA6 glAC-lAiDip 
5nuip-'6eA|A5 5poiT)-beimeAn nAC Ait)beil aUca AiniAjAfhAftAC 120 
A jcorhlAnn a|\ 5A6 leiu. A6c aca nit) CeAnA, bit)eA-OAp a]\ 
A scleApA[ib] goile AgupgAipce Agup A\y a ]\o^a corhpAic A|\ 
An (3|AT)U5At) pin, jAn piop clAip no cime a]\ ceACcAp X)iob, 50 
"ouL "oo luige -DO 'n gpein, gAii IcAgAt) gAn leonA"6 A]\ ceACcAp 
X)iob ppip An fepin, no gufi peApgAt) 50 in6p nA ]roiriO|\Ai$ 125 
ciAix) pin, 50 nDubAipc 5r"'5 ^^'■'^^ DolAip — - 

" A bpAtAip lonrhuin," Ap pe, " -cob' AnnArii lib-pe a Lett^m 
fo X)' imteACc opAib gonuige po, a^u]^ -da inbA ioitiat) pluA$ 
no poCAix)e no tiocpAt) t)tiinn, if lAn-lAi-oip -oo clAOi[t)]fitnif 


" For even though we were yet more numerous than we are, 
our help would be in one another ; and since we are as we are, 
we shall help ourselves [mutually]," said Grug, son of Garbh. 

" Well," said Eagle- Boy, " I will call on the High King of 
Heaven and of Holy-land to put an end to your lust and 

" And his saying that had no effect, and he bares his 
wide-grooved, straight-blad^d sword, and those four approach 
one another, and took to playing their feats of valour and 
prowess without knowing fear nor terror, one of the other, 
to the end and termination of the day. And when the vaga- 
bonds saw that they had no chance of slaughtering the 
flesh for their supper, they took a truce of combat till the 

However, not in a friendly and charitable manner 
do those little troops agree till the morning, and they 
were not equal in one healing : for the Pirates put herbs of 
healing and drops of balsam in their wounds and sores, so that 
they were smooth and sound ; while Eagle- Boy's ovv^n wounds 
were without repair or healing. And not much sleep did they 
share on each side that night : and they rise in the dawn of 
the early morning on the morrow, and took the same combat 
in hand. And wounding, hurting, blood-dripping, savage, gory, 
sharp-edged, strong-grasping, red-faced, swift-smiting, vast, 
wild, ill-fated, was their combat on each side. However, 
they were at their feats of valour and prowess and 
their choice of battle in that fashion, without knowledge of 
fear or of terror, one of the other, till the sun went to set, 
without laying low or hurting one another all that time : till 
the Pirates were greatly vexed at that, and Grug son of Dolar 
said — 

"Dear brother[s]," said he, "you thought it unusual that 
the like of this should come over you till now : and were there 
many a host or troop should come against us, full strong would 

150 eACuiiA rriACAOirri-An-iolAiu 

e t)' a\|a t)|:ofCAmlACc corn m6^ ^5tif fo ? Agtif tt^x^tA1t)'t)U|A 
l^tri-A A^uy meAX)V^A^t) bup tnbiiilli-Ce x\|\ <mi |\iT)ipe 65, xxguf 
CU5*M"0 xMrnfijA "oo t)tif\ fuipexif\ "oul "o'a ullniugAt) t)it), 6 nA6 
bptiiL t)U|i n-ACAp|iA\6 pein -o' peA'ftm-AnncA x^^Aib." 

Ciot)C|iA6c iA|\ ti5*.\t)^iL tiA 5fe<\]MCcA fiti "oo riA CfieAii- 135 
peAf\Aib fo, 5At)|v\T) fitglexif fx\nnc*\6 fA|\-lux^tt•hA|\ x>'a 
n'AN|\tnx;MV) fOji *.\n lTlx.\CAoiri : 50 n"oiit3Aif\c tTlAC<\otri-<\n-1olAit\ 
Atinpn — 

" n^\6 bpml |:e*^|\ tno lA0fDi"6 no mo C6trim6LCA\ \:e\r\ 6 
tfiwA^) An llAllA 'Oei|\5 1 leic A^Am, ip oipCeAp *OAm cuirh- uo 
niugAt) A\\ An gcLeAf tiDiogiAAif X)o |\in!ie An Umipe Dub t)Atn 
^A 6oinne An ^igeAncAif ." 

Agur leip pn bojAf Aguf beAficuijeAf , CAf Af Aguf cjiuAt)- 
6fiotAf An clAi"6eArti clAif-leACAn cot5-"6ineAC "oo bi Aige, 
Aguf Dosni pAobAf\-(iLeAf 'n-A timCeAU "oe : Aguf "oo bi -oo U5 
lUAf HA binroeAglA ttig ai|\ |:eiTi ncAf\ leAp t)6ib-fion Aon 
CtiAtri 50 rneiT) ti-o|\lAi5 "be 6 bonn 50 bAitip. t)i X)o -Cluf 
Agui^ "DO t)[e]ine a n-iornbuAilce tug Afi [a] A|\mAib gup com- 
luAt -oo bAineAt) a ClAit)eAni |:ein Agup a buille t)Oib-pon 
Aguf An buiUe -DobeAjAA-b 5AC t^eAp ACA-fAn Cuige. Ate 150 
ACA nit) CeAnA, niof fciiijA "oo 'n frAobAfi-CleAf pn 50 n'oeA|\nA 
cutriAC cnAitti-geAjAjACA Aguf 5Uin gAlAnn Aguf AigeAt) 
pogAilce ]:eol-fCAOiLce X)0 'n C|aiu|\ CjieAn-bAtlAt pn, Agtif 
bAtneAf A -ocfAi gcinn "oiob, A^uf ceilgeAr 1 bpiA-OnAife tliAni 
Cinnpnn iat), Ag cbttitriAoi-oeAm An jnioiriA fin. 5° ti-oubAijAC 155 
TliAtii nA6 "oeAjinA peAji Aojfe n6 Aimpipe f\iAiri gniom bA 
cti*opomA[i5e] 'nA ah sniotti pin "oo jAinne ITlACAotti-An-lolAit^. 
5it)e<.\t) ni tAinis pe p6ni 6 'n jnioni pin Agup 6 'n mbt\- 
ComjAAC, 6i|A bA bionrCA cneAt)A •oontine •ooi-leiseApA Agtip 
cpeA6cA cneip-geAfjiCA cpAop-poplingte ai|\, 6 tuAfgAin tiA leo 
'OcpeAn-ttiili'Oe pin not "Oo tuic leip. Agup cuiceAp p6in 
lAfVArii 1 T)CAipib Agup 1 •QCAimneAllAib bAip, An 56in X)0 


we destroy them. And do we fail to conquer one youne^ 
beardless boy, and he in our power as much as this ? Hasten 
your hands, and multiply your blows on the young knight, 
and leave time to go to prepare your supper for yourselves, 
since you have no substitute for yourselves as a butler ! " 

But after these strong men received that inciting, they made 
an envious very swift long wielding of their arms on the boy : 
so then said Eagle- Boy — 

" Since I have no one from the dwelling of the Red Hall 
to hymn me or to congratulate me, needs must that I recall 
the excellent feat the Black Knight taught me in prospect 
of necessity." 

With that he wields and brandishes, bends and roughly 
shakes the broad-grooved straight-bladed sword he had, and 
made sword-play all around him with it : and with the rapidity 
of his guard there was not in him a bone of the size of an 
inch from sole to crown that was visible to them. Such was 
the sufficienc}" and vehemence of the manifold beating he 
gave to his arms that his own sword and his strokes 
would strike at them equally swiftly with the blow each of 
them would give to him. However, he never ceased 
from that sword-play till he made a force of bone- 
severing and wounding of enemies and a destructive punish- 
ment of flesh-cutting to those three strong vagabonds, and he 
cuts their three heads from them, and throws them down before 
Niamh Fair-hair, in mutual joy at that deed. So that Niamh 
said that never had a man of full age or full grown done a deed 
more important than that deed which Eagle-Boy had done. 

However, he himself did not come [safe] from that deed 
and from the great battle ; for he had many deep wounds, hard 
to heal, and skin-cutting, gaping cuts, from the smiting of the 
strong warriors who fell with him. And he himself falls after- 
wards in fainting-fits and swoons of death, while his wounds 

152 . eACuiiA rhAC-o.oini-An-iolAin 

ceit)e^|\r.iin poU ^\n 5^6 teit "oe. C15 An inge^n euije u^|^ 
fin, xxguf cui|Aex.\r me^nmA x\5iif m6i|i-trieifnex\6 ^nn |\e 165 
l^oiT^e^'o -Aguf f\e cottirholA-O n^ ngniorh -oo |\inne : *^5U^ 
tu5 A leo|\t)(3itin -oije Cuige, gtif fSy bjAig ^^up Dojai^v^tj 
moji Ann, 5ti|\ eifgi-o 'n-A fui-be Aguf jauj t6it[e^ Ap le^bAit) 
otpAif e, 50 n-DubAif^c ):|\if — 

^' A iriACAOitii 615 AftiulCAij, 6 'zA cu ^noif g^n uAtriAn no 170 
imedglA ofic pein n6 ofMn-f a, innif bun-At)x\f "Oo Cin6il Aguf 
piof AtnriA 'OAiri-f A, A^uf •oiojiMif 5^6^ fceil T)' a bpuil ajac 
^ fin AWAd," A\\ An inje^n. 

" AcAitn-pe cneA-^At cf>eACcA6 " A\y ye. " Aguf ni hAm 
\'ceAl^^t)eA6zA t)Am 50 ):6iU. Ajuf -oeAnuAiv mo leAftijAt) 175 
Agiif mo leigeAf le^c-fA, Aguf m^ 'f fl^n me, -oojeobAiiA-fi 
mo yceAlA  Aguf mun^ but) beAt) aCc mAf\t!)[AT:)] ni bpuil 
peit)m AjAC-fA no ^5 Aon "ouine eile a\\ mo fce^UMt) 50 
bpumne An X)\\AtA Agtip 50 poifiteAnn An XyeAtA." 

A^uf "DO fiinne-A'OAt\ An Iaoi be^g po fe-ACOfCA — I80 


Innif •ouinn fceAl^. a niACAoirii 

615 AlC-CAOin JAn ll-At!)A|1, 

Anoif 6 'cAoi 5An uAmAn, 
Ca ■oorriAn no ca 'OUAljAf ? 

[m AC Aon\- An -]ol Am] 

6 'cAim-fe 50 cneAT)Ac cjieAccAC l(S5 

teAC-fA i)eAriCAtt mo leijeAf, 
'S x>A "on me 6 m' otjiAf 

mo fCeAlA Ofic-fA ni ceilpeAT). 



"Do bi Aj; innteAX) nA mbo'OAc. Iqq 

nio|tb peAjif ieAJ;A nA C|iuinne 

AT^AV Ulle 'nA [a] pjlOtTIAT). 


■All St^-^-o himjfe a] injin 

poiti-fe m' imfniom if m'ocAn ! 
"Oo bAlfAm nA mboT)AC mAtib-fA 15^5 

t)AmfA, If -oeAncAU bf ocAn. 


were distilling blood and dropping blood all around him. Then 
the girl comes to him, and* puts mind and spirit to hymning 
and applauding the deed which he did : and she gave him 
his fill of drink, so that strength and great pride arose in him, 
and so that he rose up and she took him with her to a sick-bed, 
and said to him — 

" Young beardless boy, since thou art now without fear or 
terror for thy sake or for me, tell me the origin of thy race and 
knowledge of thy name, and the truth of every story that is 
thine from thenceforward," said the girl. 

" i am wounded and sore," said he, " and have no occasion 
for story-telling yet. Let me be amended and healed by 
thee, and if I am sound, thou shalt hear my tale ; and if 
there be nothing but to die, neither thou nor any other hast 
need of my tale till the day of doom and till the end of 
the world." 

And they made this little lay between them — 


Tell us news, (3 Boy young and fair-jointed, without pride, now since thou 
art without fear, what world or what allegiance [is thine] ? 


Since I am wounded an«l sore let my healing he accomplished by thee, and if 
I come from my sickness I will not hide my story from thee. 


lladst th(^u the vessel that the clowns were preparing, not better than tasting 
it would be all the physicians of the universe for thee. 


For the love of generosity, () girl, help my sorrow and woe ! [Let me have] 
<yt the balsam of the dead clowns, and let pottage be made. 

154 eACUUA rhACAOltll-Ari-IOlAlU 

"Oa nibA liom-fA x)'eif -oo Lei^if 
Cu pein, A -oetj-pin peApccom, 
Do ■6eAn[p]Ainti uqice [tno] -oiceAll 

x.\n uibpAC li'j-jeAl -00 lionpA 





tuijeAtn p6 m' A|tTnAib jAifce — 

"Do luAc hAifT:i|i fA m' lui^e ; 
5^o mbu-6 leAC-fA ^A\\ mo lei jeAp 

trie. ZA]\ jAc nx)eij;-peAti 'rA[n] ^ctunnne. 

[^n sceAltiit)e] 

eipjeAp lltAtri j:;o hAtLAm 

1p jAbcAp Le[ice] -o'a biAppAix) — 
Sr\ lubpAc T)o bi 1 n-UAijneAp 

50 bpuAip pi 1 \:6 x)iAniAip. 

An ice 5An puipeAc ' 01 q 

(Pa bui-oeAC bcAn a -oeAncA) 
■005111 tliATTi -opeAc-jeAl 

teip. jup cAbAip A cpeAccA. 


O cAoi-pi 50 pubAC pleAiriAin 
Cap An bpeAT)Ain Ap An cinnip, 
*Oo pceAl-A "ouinn, a •6ei5;-pi]i, 
^^t' St^^^"*^ ^"'i^i5[f] iTinip ! 


A li-Aitle nx\ l<^01■o fin s^ib^f ^n nige^n -A5 piAirfUige 
fceAlA "OO lilxiCxiom-An-1olAi|i, ^sur innifex\f "oi ^aCa fc^^l^ 
"o'a pAib xMge, Agup ^-OtDAf -A ciifxMf c<\|\ niui|\ *.\5Uf CAf\ rh6f- 
pvM|)|i5e "00 'n "oul fin. Ce^nglAi-o cuif x^5Uf |\-AtA cleAtrinAif 220 
fe telle ^nnfin ^f t!)ex\5^n fu\-OnAife. 


Innife^f ^n inje^n *o6-f-An 50 5CtJAlv\ fi fein lomf^At) *\f 
UiDife Au Ciuil, e*\'6dn porhof C^fp^Mge "Ouibe, ^Ng cLoinn 
5<Mpt) tnic "OoLahv, xigtif 511ft) fiof-C^f <\ Aguf 5e-Af-6ompx^n«^C 
t)6it) fein e, x^5Uf tu\ft) fUf^xf a 6lAo\[t>eAt>] 1 n^^ifce x^f 
X)\t no 1 ngLiocAf 'o^\ trieix) no 1 f itgni-oeACc ^f bit. 

'' ni<Mfev\t) " A\\ 1TlACAonvA.\n-1olxMf, " gibe Cfuc 1 n-A 


If after thy healing thou wert mine, () noble lover, I would dojiiy best with 
it, the white-coloureJ vessel I would fill, 

I will swear by my arms of valour, thy wages of labour is in my oath ; that I 
will be thine after my healing beyond every hero in the world. 


Niamh arises promptly and its seeking is undertaken by her — the vessel, whicli 
was in a secret place, till she found it in concealment. 

The bahii without delay (kindly was the woman who made it) did Niamh of 
white countenance make for him, so that she soothed his wounds. 


Since thou art merry and smooth, beyond the troop which thou hast beaten, 
thy story, O hero, tell us for the love of generosity ! 

At the end of that lay the girl takes to asking his stor}' of 
Eagle-Boy, and he tells her all the story he had, and the cause 
of his journey over sea and over ocean to his coming there. 
Then they make compacts and agreements of marriage 
together, with very little witness. 


The girl tells him that she herself had heard talk about 
the Knight of Music, that is the Pirate of the Black Rock, 
from the sons of Garbh son of Dolar, and that he was a true 
friend and steadfast companion to them, and that it was not at 
all easy to defeat him in valour or in cunning, however great, 
or in enduring deeds at all. 

" Verily," said Eagle-Boy, " in whatever form he be I. 

156 GACctiA rtiACAoirri-An-iolAin 

bpinl ye ni irei'oip liotn-f-c\ in6fv^\n cottinui"6e "oo "6exMi-Arii n6 
50 t)]:eicceAt\ e pein, A^vy Inje-An n*.\ p^l^t!)fAAi5 ll^itne." 

a\6c aza nit) ce-Anx^, i*^|\ leige-Ati a fcit, A-^uy ua|a scup -a 
nieifAcnije «^5up a\ Cne^t) ^^511^ a t\\^A6z x)e, "oo ^Lu^if -pein 10 
^gnp ingexMi Uiog iu\ ItIitoua, A^uy -oo <itii|\e*i'OAt\ t^oi5[n]e 
feoT) TM t)porriofA\6 Y^^" 5CUf\f\<3kC, A-^uy au beA^Au ne'u 
mhAlyAm ice *oo t)i a\5 ha potriO|\C^it!), A-^uy tu^yAX) ^AgAit) A|\ 
triuip ^5up -A|\ rh0tA-pAi|\fi5e, -Agtip i^jAf^p lTlx\c^otri-xMi-lolAi|i 
A\\ pex\|icAit) T)e ^5Uf ^f\ t3UA'6^it) x\n Cuffx^ig eolx^f "Oo i'> 
•6e-c\n^rh "66it) a\\ Atnuy 'Our^A^t) CA\\\yA\^e 'Outbe, e^'Ooii 
t)Aile UiTJipe An Cunl, 'guf 1 ng^C ^ic eile 1 n-^ [injbtit) ni*MC 
t)6\X) "0111. 

aXcc 5it)e fuit)Al p-AijAf^e "00 fAinne^DAp, ni liAicpipce^ii *.\ 
n-nnte^CcA 50 t)pACA-OA|i coij\c oile^in p^Af^MJ [1] ^torhpoj^xf 20 
•001 1), A^uy T)o 5At)fv\x) ctiAn xiguf CAlAt)pofAC 'yAn oile^n pin. 
Aguf t)UAile*\f ^n zylAZ ^eAt 'o\\AO]t)eAt€A -oo t)i ^ije po|\ An 
5CU|\f aC, 5U|\ pijAit) 1 n-iompAtA6 1 n-Aice n^ mA|Av\ e ; Agup 
5LuAipe«.\'DA|\ |\CmpA u\|a pin 50 t)puAfAAX)A\|A An c-oile^n p.op- 
AlAinn p^p-aC •00 t)' pe^ft^ ^S^P piop-uipce -d'a t!)pACA"OA|A 20 
|iiAtti : AgujA lAp inbeit AtA^t> pAX>A a^ piub^l An oiLeAin t)oiI>, 
X)o ConncA'OAp CAtA\\y teAnn-A\\X) (:u]dlA<jt>A(^, Ajtip lopcA 
f.i05t)A f\d-niAipe-A(i, Agup tDiitiigeAn bUMc beAnn-tofAA biiin- 
5e^\nmnuit)e uAtA. Agtip "oo UAipngeA-oAp "o'a 1iionnpiiit)e, 
Agup puApA'DAjA li^LU\ \DlA\t beAnn^C bpeAC-puinneogAt, A^up 30 
piogAn pioipc-leACAn tAOitti tiiifip-peAng CneAp-AlAinn Daitoa 
bAnAtriAil t)eAl-6opc|\A binn-bpiAtfAt A5 cup coptAip Ann, Agup 
X)Anr\\Atz blAit bAill-jCAl beil-lnnne bpiACAp-Cpuinne 'n-A 
tiuiptimCeAlL A5 UAim n-dip-jpe.vp n-AlAinn n-iongAnc.^C, 
Agtip 5An Aon i:eA\\ d'a bpAipe no d'a bpop-CoirheAD : Agup .{5 
pu^AT) "Out) "OuAibpeAC -bAt-ALAinn X)]\Ay beAnnCopp t)6il-ipiol 
Ait)t)peAC AtlcA u6c-leAtAn CluAip-bcAg CeAiin-ApT) $ot)-CAol 
(ieinn-beAg 6op-liiAt Cpuinn-piublAt AiLc-peAifiAp eADcpom 
longAn-Cpuinn pLeAnuMti puAirhneA6 pliop-blAit gniorh-ApT) 


cannot sta)' long till he himself is seen, and the Girl of the 
Grey Palfrey." 

Howbeit, after putting aside his weariness, and after 
putting from him his dejection and his wounds and 
his hurts, he went himself and the daughter of the King 
of India, and they put selections of the jewels of the 
Pirates in the canoe, and a little of the balsam of healing the 
Pirates had, and they set their face towards the sea and the 
great ocean. And Eagle- Boy asks for the miracles of God and 
the virtues of the canoe to give them knowledge of how to ap- 
proach the Dwelling of the Black Rock, the bailey of the Knight 
of Music, and everywhere else where it was good for them to go. 

But whatever was their route on the sea, their adventures 
are not related till they saw the mass of a desert island close 
to them, and they took haven and harbour in that island. i\nd 
he strikes the white wand of druidry that he had on the canoe, 
so that he left it protected hard by the sea : and they went 
straight on after that till they found the very beautiful desert 
island, which was the best in grass and in fresh water that the}' 
had ever seen : and after walking the island a long while, they 
saw a lofty-headed domed castle, and a royal very beautiful habita- 
tion, and a smooth, curved-topped palace of chaste foundation 
beyond them. And they drew near to it and found a smooth, 
gabled hall with variegated windows, and a queen, wide-e}'ed, 
fair, slender, beautiful-skinned, modest, womanly, red-lipped, 
tuneful-voiced, working embroidery there, and smooth, white- 
limbed, tuneful-mouthed, exact-worded women all around her, 
sewing at beautiful, wonderful orphreys, and not a man watching 
or guarding them. And a steed black, swarthy, lov^el)- 
coloured, quick, curved-topped, low-mouthed, huge, wild, 
broad- breasted, little-eared, high-headed, narrow-mouthed, little- 
headed, swift-footed, sure-paced, broad-limbed, light, 
round-hoofed, smooth, easy, smooth-sided, lofty-acting, 

158 eACcKA rhACAoirii-vArMol^Mn 

<3<\5fA.Mii.Ml ioI-o^CaxC 1 n-Aip-oe op -\ cionn ^s^f 5^c |:of\f\AncA 
-poinnijce ]:eAt)m-l^\iT)i|\ ce<\nti-6iAUv\i-D cpo-pAit^ping ceAt<^f- 
iiilleA.MinA6 v\p An fliof CeAt)tK\ Lauti f\ui fin. 

A6c Ac<\ nit) (ieAnA, p*.\ili:i5eAf ^n jAioj-An fomp^ ^S^f 45 
50 luAi|\ice i\oirh ^n tnn<.\oi ; -^5Uf |:u|\AlAf ui|\ci fiii"6e 1 n-v\ 
pocAifv A 5 tip 1 n-x.\ fxijAjiAt) fein. 

'OeApCAf mACAom-An-lolAi|\ Afi peAt) .\n cige, A^uf tug 
^fv^At) [a] AnniA X)o 'n e^c ^\|a n-^ |:Aicfin 'oo. aX^up cuife.\f 
A luigvXnYT u\]\t^, A5iif slACAf ah ^ac A*oiili)iA-AmA|\, ceix) |:o|\f 60 
v\n e^C, x^guf imci5eA\f ^ni^C ^\\\ ^AippingeACC tia p^MtCe pox)- 
^L^ipe. Asuf "DO 5i ^5 .\ mApCAige.xCc ^siif "o'a min-pe^iiAin ; 
<^5up niof\ t3pv\T)A -oo niAiv fin 50 bf aca beA5-ti)uit)eAn S-Aif- 
ceA"6A.\C Cuige Y^'"" f^on 5ACA iToipeAt, -^^uf pfiorh-LAOC 
feAXiAAirixML feit)in-U\iT)i|\ 1 ti-uftof^C tiA bui"6ne fin, ^iguf 55 
5ii-AlxM|\e feolm^f ■o'fu\'6-A6 ^n pvAf^Mg a|a 5^6 *.\on aca. t)^ 
inACcn^rh me^niriAn ^Ngtif mop-AiseAncA leo xMcne AneiCt^uit) 
fo 'n inA|\CA6 An^itni-o, ^Nguf SiM^-^t) inne^Ll C|\ot)-a ^.A^uf 
•c-A6Ait\ "DO bi fxM|\ A5 ccaCc "d'a n-ionnfui-6e. Aguf gAbxMT) 
-oiojfAif 1 i^cleAf ngoiLe ^guf 5<Mfce CiiCa f a Coinne au 60 
m^fvCvMg <\nAicni'oe fin : x^5Uf niont) feif|\'De t)6ib, oip fpo|^x^f 
ITI*.\CAom-An-1olAi]\ An c-e^C 'n-A gcoinne A^uf 'n-^ gconrO^il, 
^iguf niop 5v\b clAf no citne e giif Cuif An c-e^ti cpiocA, gup 
fCAOil xigiip 5iii\ fCAiinpui^ 6 6eile iatj. COgbAf m^CAoni- 
A3kn-loLAif\ v\n lAtri leAb^ip U\n-CApAii) of u\\ Agiif of u*\Cca|\ '''» 
*.\|AT) *\ juAl^nn, *^5Uf bUxMLeo^f buiLLe fopfAncA fiof-l-AiDip 
'o'u|\lAinn A JAit fern feAriiAifv a tM ^150 a]\ ah |\iT)i|\e po- 
ApfAtCAC "OO bi 'n-A ceAnnpopc a\\ An gcufoeACcA, Aguf 
cui|\eAf 1 lop5 A 6inn Aguf *.\ teAnniiniLLAig 50 IS\\ Aguf 50 
lAn-CAlrhAn e : Agiif ful 'oo ('m|M5 Af fin -oo Ce^nsAl 50 7«) 
cfiu-At)-6uib|\i$ce Aguf cuifeAf cpoif a eiAi-Oitii Aguf fcit- 
leAt\\A(i A fceite 50 -OAinseAn -oo-fCAoiLce a\]\; Agiif S-AbAf 



valorous, jet-black, straight-limbed, at a coloured well-made 
manger at the side of that royal hall : and golden, various, 
many-coloured harness raised up above its head, and an 
angry, tempered, serviceably-strong, hard-headed, wide- 
socketed, four-cornered spear on the same side, close 
by them. 

Howbeit, the queen welcomes them, especially the woman : 
and she bids her sit near her and beside her. 

Eagle- Boy looks through the house, and gave the love of 
his soul to the horse when he saw it. And he puts its 
harness on it, and takes the spear we have mentioned, comes 
on to the horse, and goes out on the width of the green-sodded 
lawn. And he was riding it and closely examining it : and 
not long was he thus till he saw a little troop of warriors com- 
ing to him straight on the way, and a manly champion strong 
for service in the very front of that troop, and a flesh}- 
shoulder-piece of venison of the wilderness with each of them. 
It was a surprise of mind and intellect for them to recognise the 
black horse under the unknown rider, and to see that there were 
trappings of fighting and contesting upon him as he came 
into their presence. And they take to them zeal in the art of 
valour and prowess in expectation of that unknown rider ; 
and they were not the better of it, for Eagle-Boy spurs the 
horse to meet and join them, and no fear nor terror took him 
till he put the horse through their midst so that he scattered 
and confounded them one from the other. Eagle-Boy lifts his 
pliant full-dexterous hand above the edge and high summit of 
his shoulder, and strikes a wrathful, truly strong blow with the 
staff of his smooth, broad javelin which he had upon the very 
powerful knight who was chief over the company, and he puts 
him head and top first on to the bare earth ; and before he 
arose from that he bound him tightly, and he puts the hilt of 
his sword and the strap of his shield firmly and immovably 

i6o eACURA niACAOim-AtVlOtAlR 

iiuiinnce^\|A |A.\on nuAit)Tne A^5u^ in6if.-teitme CuCa ^5 a 
p^MCptn pin. t)eif\ex\f mACAOtri-A\n-1oLjkif\ -An pi'oife leif, 
ceAn^Ailce ai[\ An o\\x)i]t,.\t) fin, 1 OpiA-On^ife a wnS -Agiip -a 75 
t3Uit)ne lK\nC|AA6cA Aguf bAr.•o^\L«^ : pu|\c\lAp uiiixMl ]:o|mi5 
A.\5iip ■pot|\A5*Mt) x;o -OeAii^Mn "66 pein, ^guf An z-eAC 
■ou5 "oo tojAujAt) Aguf DO liAt)CU5^'6 Ap ^ m^infex^fA pein. 
"Oo t)it)eADAp mA|i fin 50 lu\ni CAicme bi"6 Ajuf co"oaIca a\\ 
5 AC CAOib, 5An CAOine<\r conipAii!) n6 Ait)nex\f lomAgAllitiA "oo 80 
t)ex\nATri |\e A\foile, r,6 gtif L^bAif pe^f An cige 1 gcionn nA fi6 
fin, Aguf If e^t) x\T)ut3Aifc — 

"A flDljie Agtlf x\ gAlfClj Ut), IIAC bfxXCAniAf -AgUf nA|\ 

CLe^CcAmAf gonui^e fo, if niAic "oogeobtA 6 "oo 6uAn!) xxg-AC 
ofAinn, Aguf nA|\ 6ui[\ Aon 5AifceA'Ox\6 |\6nu\c if An scftit fo 85 
finn. ScAoileAt) 'Oinn x\noif : x.\5iif tne fein, x\5Uf An c-oile^An 
fo, A^iif An 6fio6 fO mle "oo t)eic A]\ X)o 6utrix\Cc fein peAfCA, 
Aguf 50 gCAitpeAT) fein con^-'Am mo lAiiiie Aguf mo lAinne 

A\\ "OO fOn C fo ^MtlAt " 

" X)a mbCAT) "oeimin AgAm-fA a\\ fin," ^f TTlACAom-An- 1>0 
lolAif "x)0 i^CAOilfinn duiu." 

" CuitAim-fe 5;fiAn Aguf cAfCA Aj^uf *\ef 1 gcof ^guf 1 
flAnAijeAtu ofin 50 5Coimlion[f]A[-o] Aguf 50 gcotriALlfAT) 
me •ouic e " a\\ An fiDife. 

ScAoileAf mACAom-x\n-1olAip "oe ia|\ fin,A5tif f u\ff uijeAf <i5 
[a] Ainm Agtif A fLoinne "oe. 

" Ri"Oif e fO-AfpACCAC Aguf 5AifceAX)A6 gniotliACcAC nAf 
clAoi*oeAtj 1 gcotiitfom CAtA no com^Aic me |\iAm gonuige 
cufA •oom-CeAn^Al. Aguf fUAfAf geALl clu 6 mof^n *o 
fCAf Alb An be AC A a\\ neAfC mo Lai me Agiif Af CfUAf mo loo 
ClAi"6im Aguf A]\ liieiT) mo buiLle. Aguf if o 'n oiLeAn-fA 
riAinmnijteAf me, eA"66n 5l^"^^5^^ ^*^ OileAin "pAfAij; a 
joipceAp X)iom ; A^uf 6 do bi 1 gcineAttiAin Duic-fe mo 
ClAoi-OeAt) fe mo CuIaid fetn, biot) AgAC A]\ fon do $Aifce 
A^uf 10CA DO ttiAit o|\m. Ajuf t3eACiiinDe ingeAn TI105 n-A 103 


upon him : and his people, upon seeing that, take to themselves 
the way of rout and headlong flight. Eagle- Boy brings the 
knight with him, bound in that fashion, to the presence of his 
wife and her company of women and handmaidens : he orders 
attendance of washing and bathing for himself, and the 
black horse to be rubbed down and fed at its own manger. 
Thus were they till the time of taking food and of sleeping on 
each side, without the gentleness of conversation or the inter- 
change of discourse one with the other, till at the end of that 
time the man of the house spoke, and thus he said — 

" O knight and champion yonder, that we have not seen 
and of whom we have had no experience till now, mayest thou 
get good since [the victory] has gone to thee over us, and not 
a warrior has put us in this state before thee. Let there be 
loosening from us now [let us be released] ; and let myself, and 
the island and all this country be in thine own power hence- 
forth, and I myself will spend the help of my hand and of my 
sword-blade for thy sake from this out." 

" Were I certain of that," said Eagle-Boy, " I should release 

" I set sun and moon and air as surety and guarantee on 
me that 1 will finish and accomplish it for thee," said the 

Eagle- Boy then releases him and asks of him his name and 

" I am a very powerful knight and a doughty warrior that 
was never defeated in the balance of battle or of fight till thou 
didst bind me. And I got the guerdon of fame from many of 
the men of the world from the strength of my hand, and the 
rigour of my sword and the greatness of my blows. And it 
is from this island I am named : the Champion of the Desert 
Island is what I am called : and since it was fated for thee to 
defeat me with mine own trappings, let it be thine for the sake 
of thy valour and for requital of thy favours to me. And 
Beatuinde, , daughter of the King of Little Greece, is 

i62 eAtzn^ rhACAOirh-An-iotAiu 

5rei5e t)i5e ^n t)e-An u-o Ag-Atn, -Agiif if a\\ ne^jic mo U\irhe 
x^5Uf A^ t-heiT) mo t>uille tu5x\f liom i, A^uf ni ^e^f^C a 
b^t^ijA cx\ ti^ifvo 'o'^i|\T)it) An "ootrixMn mCiii i n-A t)puil fi |:6iii 
no -Afi be^s^n bxinc|AACc^ ut) i n-A ]:A\\\[At). -Aguf if mt) fin 
mo fc^^lA Agxic, Aguf if mA\t liom niT!) ^i^in •ooc' fce-AlxMt)- iiO 
fi T)' fA.\5^il Anoif." 

'' t)o5eot:)xMf be^s^n -oe fin," a\\ m^CAom-^n-lolAif. 
" Tli'Dif e 05 ^5Wf 5xMf cex^-bx^t -oo muinncif An fiog 
Afcuif mic lub^if mic Ambfoif me" a]\ fe "xisuf llMm 
Cinnponn mje^n fioj n^ Vi1n"0M An be^n ut) -0061 cu 1 m' 115 
foCAif, no6 -oo b^inif le ne^xfc mo U\ime v\5iif "oo Ce^fc mo 
Cl^M-Cim "00 tfiuf pomofxit pionnrh^ije pof-x^ff^tuAC, 
eAi!)6n Cfiuf mx^c 5^it^^ mic*OolxMf, 6 imlib ITlxifA UoiffiAn. 
Ajuf If eAt) ipAt mo tufxMf a\\ triuif ^s^f ^P m6f-fxM|A|i5e 
xinoif, -GO lof5xM|\e-A6c mn^ cii^-At) xxf com^ifce mo tfi-AiC 120 
xNguf mo C1$eAfnx^, eAt)Cn Inje^n nA lpAlAX)\\A^■^ VlA\tne heAn 
Tli'oife An t^ml : x^guf ni f e^f a6 me "oo Ceitf e li^if -oit) An 
X)eAtA CA Yi^At nO inif n6 oile^n "o'a "Ocus fi a hA^A^'6. 
5it)e^-6 ttigAf mo mdi-oe nA6 bfiUfinn 50 X)\\At nO 50 
mbe^f [f]^inn ^n X)eAn fin liom n6 bunA'6A\' a f ceil 50 Uij x3in 125 
"OorhxMn : ^gtif if m^it liom "oo CongnArh-f a Agtif "00 
6uiT)iti5-A'6 -o' fA^A^l Cuige fin." 

^"Ox\f mo CubAif " -Af xin 5r"^5^^ "if ca\[a -Aguf if 
comp^n^6 "Oxim-fxi Hi'oife An (!^iuil, ^stif if "oeimin liom nAd 
'oeA6A^'() xif Cul fc6ite n6 clAi'6im fMrh fi-oife no jAif ce-A-bA^ 130 
AZA lonCorhfxMC fif, a\\, ]:eAV)Ay a gxMfce a^u^ a gliocxMf xiguf 
A\\ lortiAT) [a] eAlAiinA "ooilbte X)\\A0]'6eAdZA xxguf a 
fi05t>i"C)ex5i6c;A Af (iex^nA." 

" Hi t:)e-Af[f]xM'6 fin inle s^n ^eAdAinz u^iim-fe e " xif 
ITlx^Cxiom-xin-lol-Aif. 135 

"' *Oot)6x\ff-A*o mo Consn-Afh x^guf mo CumiujAt) t)iiic " ^f 
^n 5f uAgAC " 5i"6 -ooilig "b^m 6 : ^Aguf ni tiiorrrbxi 50 bfuil 6 


yonder woman, and it is by the strength of my hand and the 
greatness of my blows I brought her with me, and her father 
does not know in which of the quarters of the great world she 
is, or yet her few attendants yonder beside her. And there 
you have my story, and I think it well to hear something of 
thy story now." 

" Thou shalt learn a little of it," said Eagle-Boy. 
" A young knight and warrior of the people of King 
Arthur, son of lubhar, son of Ambrose am I," said he, " and 
Niamh Fair-hair, daughter of the King of India, is yonder 
woman whom thou seest with me, whom I seized with the 
strength of my hand and the right of my sword from three 
truly powerful pirates of the White Plain, namely, the three 
sons of Garbh, son of Dolar, from the shores of the Torrian 
Sea. And this is the cause of my journey by sea and by the 
great ocean now, on the track of a woman that was taken from 
the protection of my chief and my lord, namely, the Girl of 
the Grey Palfrey, wife of the Knight of Music : and I know 
not of the four quarters of the world to what land or isle or 
island she set her face. However, I gave my oath that I should 
never return till I should bring that woman with me, or com- 
pleteness of news of her, to the King of the World : and good 
I think thy help and thy assistance for that." 

" By my conscience," said the champion, "the Knight of 
Music is a friend and partner of mine, and I am certain that 
never went knight or warrior at the back of shield or spear fit 
to fight with him from the excellence of his prowess and 
expertness, and the greatness of his occult knowledge of 
druidry and his uncanniness in general." 

" All that will not keep him unseen from me," said Eagle- 

" I will give thee my help and my assistance," said the 
Champion, "though it is sorrowful to me: and it is not many 


c-Ail*o6 mife, oijA If e tug ^n c-e^C -out) ut) ^\Cv\ x\5^\c-f-A t)Atn, 
^5Uf ni rl10tn•6x^ 50 t)pnil o tu|A5t)^il gpeine 50 pume-At) i^O 
cuingip e^C If fe^ff 'n^ 1 pein ^gvif ^n "P^lAlif^C U^icne. 
Aguf 1 ^f loniAT) eAtAt)n^ [ij n'Of<\oi-6e^cc if mo if ux\rfuMi e, 
Ci|\ ni bf V11I o'n miolmof mA\\A guf au gcoiffrhiolcoj cuif p- 
feAtig |Mo6c 1 n-Af t)' Ail leif X)ul,nA6 "DceiD ^nti." 

" tn^ifex^'o " A\\ 1TlACx\om-An-1olxMf " -AriuMl a tug feife^ti 145 
x\n z-eAt 'out) fin "ouic ^guf -An ^At 1 "ocuAfx^fCAXl u-Ait) fein, 
T)obeifitn-fi UA]m pein x^no1f 'otiic ^AX) ; ^Aguf ni li-exxx!) pn 
AfiiAin, aa6c nA tiiiile ni"6 *o'x\ mbeAi) A5A\tn 1 n-A mbeA'6 "oo 
f peif, biot) le-AC e.-' 

Alctnge^f 5f ^I'AgAC *^n Oile*.\in n^^ cio-olxMCce fin a fu^if ino 
6 ttlxxcAorri-An-lolAif ; a^u]" fo jxxbf-AT) xxg c^oinexif corhfxii'o 
■^^S^r ^^5 xMjne^f lomA5AU1i^x^ 6 fin ^tn^c fe Ceile, A^uy 
zu^At) nuAt) ^AtA bit) -Aguf fex^n 5v\6a 'oije tuC^, giif 
rheif C15 irieAt)Af Cx^o1n umd ; xxguf 1)0 -oe^ifs-At) iotnt)xMt)e xxguf 
xAifO-le^Abx^ 'oo lilx\c<Aom-An-1olAif -*\5Uf "d'a rhnAoi, A^uf •do lo5 
f^nnfAC fUAn Aguf fAt)Aile 50 nu\iT)in, Aguf 1 n-uifo Annfin 
50 Ce-Ann feACctiiAine, 'f^^^"" ^^5 ri^"" Sp"^5'^^5 '^^^ Oile-Ain, -A5 
leige^n a fcite Aguf A5 ciif a ineifcnije "oiob, Agtif -Ag 
•oe-AnAm eolAif An Oile^in f^fAig [•Aguf] Ag cuf a 5ComAOin 
A^uf A ■^cAi(\A'o\\A'6 A\K A Ceile. 1 gcionn n-<.\ ]\e A^uf iua 160 
lu\inifife fin A*oubAifC m-ACAorii-An-loUMf — 

" A 5f 11^5^15 An Oile^in " a]\ fe " if -OAttinA meice -o'l: e^f 
nio ciif Aif fein coriinAit) pAVA Aon-bAilt "oo "Oe-An-Am ; Aguf if 
niitiT) 'OAm cfiAll A]\ Atnuf C^ffAige T)iiibe, Ajuf lAiti t)0 
CAbAifC A\\ -AitjeAfi^At) -Af ngnocA," 165- 

"If "DOilij Aguf If •o6cAniU\C CfiAll Aguf cionfcnAtri An 
ciifAif fin " Af 5f\tiA5AC An Oile^in " jion 50 n-oeACAit) 50 
niAic 'D'Aon-t)iiine fotiiAC fiAtri." 

" Ca fiOf •Qtiic-f e/' A\\ lTlACAorri-x\n-1olv\if, " nA6 t)-Ani-f a 


that are like him from the rising of the sun to its setting : and 
I am a hireling of his, for it is he who gave me yonder black 
steed thou hast, and not many is the pair of steeds, from the 
rising of the sun to its setting, better than it and the Grey 
Palfrey. And it is from the greatness of his skill in druidry 
that he is a yet greater terror, for there is not from the whale 
of the sea to the tiny gnat a form in which he wishes to go, 
that he does not go into." . 

" Well," said Eagle- Boy, "as he gave thee that black steed 
and the javelin in hire from himself, I give them to thee now 
from myself; and not that only, but, everything which may be in 
my possession in which thou mayest have a desire, let it be thine." 

The Champion of the Island gives thanks for those gifts 
which he got from Eagle- Boy ; and they took to the gentleness 
of conversation and the interchange of discourse thenceforth 
together, and the new of every food and the old of every 
drink was brought to them till they were drunken and festive : 
and there were prepared beds and a high couch for Eagle- Boy 
and for his wife, and they took sleep and ease till morning, 
and then regularly to the end of a fortnight, in that house of 
the Champion of the Island, laying aside their weariness and 
putting their depression from them, and in making acquaintance 
with the Desert Island, and in doing acts of favour and friend- 
ship one to the other. At the end of that space and time 
Eagle- Boy said — 

" Champion of the Island," said he, " 'tis a cause of weak- 
ness for a man with a journey such as mine to make a long stay 
in one spot ; and it is time for me to go in quest of the Black 
Rock, and to set my hand to shortening our business." 

" Painful and sad is the progress and undertaking of that 
journey," said the Champion of the Island, " though it has 
never gone well to anyone before thee." 

" How knowest thou," said Eagle- Boy, " that it is not to 

i66 eACuRA rii-ACAOirli-xMMOlAin 

•DO -deonuij T)ia •oioj^l uilc ^gur Anpofil^mn a|a Ri-oife -ad 170 

Gijuj fUAf If -oeAnATTi chiaII 

teoji x>' Ay meAt-corrinAit) cMn ; 1'^ 

mitiTJ -ouic cjiiAtl If ceAcc leAin. 

[51111 A5x^C xMi oile-Ain] 

ni heAT) An rfiAlL if x)oilje -ovnnti, 

-Ace "ovit T)' f AJAil muif riA mbeAnn ; 
CAife x)uic, A rilACAoim riiin 

ni ceAf c -oo cuii 1 n-A ceAiif!. 180 


'n-A cIaoix) fin flAf If foif 

ni 5eobAX)-f A ^An cf iaII "o'a piof . 
nAc "ocuiCfeAX) iiom a lof uile 

A Sr^'-^S^'^^S "OUIC CA flOf ? 

[5Riu\5aC An oileAm] 

nA bioT) AthjiAf^ Acc If -ueAfb -ouinn 

nACAf feAfATTl flAthAfCUl Alfm 

Aon Iaoc -d'a -ociubf AX) flAn 

SmbAt Ui'Dif e An Ciuil 50 nabAX) rriAfb. 



t)AinpeAT)A-fA, "DO roil TTlic "Oe 

A ceAnn -o'a rViei-oe feAC jac'"^ bAll, ^^0 

'SAn CAf fAij T)ub, ciT) Cf UAiTj An ceim, 

^eobAX) fein 1 lof m' Aifm. 

[5RUA5A6 An oileAm] 

A tAOic 6 "Own An IiaLIa "Oeifj, 

"Oo beAff AT) gAn ceilj mo ceAnn 
"Do corhAt[l] A jeobtA -Diiir ; 

■pAf bAOJAt •0UIC neitri a tAnn. 



Ajl 5f AX) Viinij COfC X)' A luAX) 

T)ul x)'a f Ai^in ni cuAf jliAX). 
A ?;f uaj;ai5 OiteAin nA mbuAX) 

6ifi5 f UAf If X)eAnAm ctuAll" 200 

ni biAHi f If MS. '-^ 5ac 5AC MS. 


me God has permitted to avenge evil and oppression upon the 
Knight of Music ? " 

And he made the song — 


Rise up and let us make a journey, O Champion whom every host obeyed : 
enough of our long, weak delay ; it is time for thee to journey and come 
with me. 


It is not the journey that is hardest for us, but to go to find the wall of 
gables : O gentle boy, a disgrace for thee, not small, is thy going against him. 


In conquering him east and west, I will accept nothing but going to hii 
O Champion, how dost thou know that all his requital will not fall to my hand 


Let there be no doubt, but we are certain that there is never one warrior 
standing behind arms to whom the journey of the Knight of Music to slay him 
would bring safety. 


I will cut, with the will of the Son of God, his head from his neck beyond 
every member, in the Black Rock, though hard is the adventure, I will accept 
it by virtue of my arms. 


O warrior from the fort of the Red Hall, I will give my head without deceit 
to complete what thou mayest have accepted; an increase of dangers for thee 
is the venom of his sword- blades. 


For the love of generosity cease from mentioning him, to go to attack him is 
not a presage of strife. O Champion of the island of the virtues, rise and let us go. 

i68 eACcuA rhACAoitri-Aii-iotAm 


A ti-^itle tiA l*iOi"6e pn "oo tiomn^'o^t^ ceilex3t)tA*\'6 -o' 
A tnn-Ait) A^u\* "o' x^ tTDi^e-Atn, ^guf f o ^At^^-oxXf xi ^ceAX) i gcoji, 
xiguf glUAifexi-OAn T^6mpA 50 n?^leif\e *Mpm ^\5Uf iol-f?x\ot)^it\ 

|AeArh|\Ai'6ce. Aguf lAfi n-A |Ao6cAin X)6it) -oo Cua-oa^ Ann 5 
-A^uf |AO §At)f AT) An tDCCnA 50 biotujAlAfh ; Agup X)o eifi j; An 
p^itifSe 'n-A co^ArAit) ceAnnjAftDA x^^tif n-A connAit) cuL- 
ti)0|\bA cinneAfnACA x^5Uf 'ti-A leibeAnnAib luAimnex\6A lAn- 
Co|A|ia6a ^5Uf 'n-A motAji rhi-6eilli'6e rh6|\-AnpAt)A6A Aguf 
'n-A tiAi-6beif AUrhti|At)A lAfc-iongAnuAij, 'n-A ceAtAib 'Aj;uf 10 
n-A cno6Ai5 cuAif-ftiucA ciocbfiAonnAtA x^guf 'n-A 5A"OAnAit) 
5l6fiA6A sjAinneAll-jAfbA, gujA nitnt) x^5Uf gup rheAfiuij An 
fAile feA|\t)-5tAf ffiuit-UonrhAf, Ajuf loniAT) nA n-il|biAfC 
n-eAgfAttilA n-1on5Anc*^C Af ^aC CAoib x)o cofAC x^5Uf "oo 
"OeifeAt) An cti|ifVAi5 A|a peAt) C|\i Ia 50 n-oi-OCe 'f*^" i5 
eigeAncAf Aguf 'fAn AnpO|AlAnn pn. 

1v\|A fin AfOAije^f An gAot 1 n-Aice nA n^^ll poi|\-rheAllA(i, 
Agup iflijeAf A sl6t\ Agtif A geAfAn 1 n-Aice nA niAjAA -Asuf 
riA m6|\-pAi|\f5e ; a^u\* "o'eifis peit Ciuin CuibeAf aC (iOirh- 
leAtAn Af\ An Ai-Obeif n-iongAtiCAig n-eoCAf-jAiftnig. Aguf 20 
•oeAjACAf TnACAorh-An-1otAi]i A^uf 5r"^5^^ ^" OileAin uaCa 
50 •oif^eAt -d^uf 'DoConnAfic 5rw^5<^<^ ^^" OileAin triAfi fAtriAit 
innfe, Aguf innifec\f "oo ltlACAorii-An-1olAi|A 6. A^uf -do 
feolf AC An cu|\|aa6 jAn piof jAti Ai|iiu$At) "oo "6^ eAm oileAin 
no 50 i^AngA'DAj^ "Oun nA CAfi|\Ai5e "Ouibe. 25 

" If AtrilAit) ACA An (iA|A|iAi5 f o/' Aj^ ^n 5f "^^S-^^^- " ^1 
bfuil aCc Aon Cftije f UAf innce, Aguf ni tuillCAnn aCc Aon 
"oume 1 n-AoinpeACc \An Cflige fin : xNguf aca "o'a T!)Ain]^ne, 
•OA mbei-oif pf An X)orriAin uile f a n-A bun, nAt beAg Aon 
•6uine AtriAin d'a gcongbAil 1 bfup. Ajuf aca cu|\ "OAinseAn 30 



At the end of that song they bestowed their leave on their 
wives and followers, and received their farewells in turn, and 
went on with choice of arms and manifold weapons alone and 
solitary till they reached the aforesaid canoe. And when they 
reached it they went into it, and took to the ocean very 
quickly : and the sea rose in its rough-headed troughs and in 
its sudden and rough urgent waves, and in its leaping, full- 
unstable strides, and in its mad, tempestuous roaring, and in 
its savage abyss, wonderful with fish, in its showers and in its 
wet-hollowed, shower-dewy ridges, and in its noisy, rough- 
gravelled bellowings, so that the rough-green, full-streamed 
salt sea swelled up and drove [them] wandering, and many of 
the different wonderful monsters [were] on every side at the 
prow and stern of the canoe for the length of three days 
with the night, in that necessity and oppression. 

After that the wind rises to the region of the soft clouds, 
and its noise and its wailing sinks in the region of the sea and 
ocean : and there arose a calm, gentle, moderate, very ex- 
pansive over the wonderful, noisy-margined sea. And 
Eagle- Boy and the Champion of the Island look straight away 
from them, and the Champion of the Island saw as it were an 
island and tells it to Eagle- Boy. And they sailed the canoe 
without knowledge or perception on the part of the people of 
the island till they reached the fort of the Black Rock. 

" In this fashion is this rock," said the Champion. 
" There is but one door up into it, and not more than one per- 
son finds room at one time in that way : and such is its 
strength, that were the men of the whole world under its founda- 
tion, one person would be enough to keep them on this side. 
And there is a strong castle-tower that cannot be digged down, 

170 eACuuA rhACAOirii-An-iolAm 

'oioco(il*M'6e, ciu\nn-A, clo6t)lA'it, ceACAfv-uiUex\nnx\(i CxMf- 
le*.\in 1 rnull-AC da c^npAige lix), ^guf ^au aCc ^on X)0|\Af ^|ix) 
1 X)ipAX) 6 lA]\ x\5iif 6 lATi-tAlrhAn a)\\, a\5U|\ ni teiT) col^nn 

CiuiL ATTiAin : x\5Uf [Aj-oeiiAiT) ca6 gujAAb le X)\\A0\X)eA6T: a t^ix)- 35 
fion pein x.\nn." 

"Ill rnipce fin," Af\ 1Tl*\CAom-An-1oUM|A. ''tli \\a)X) "oo 'n 
tn-AC|u\i-6 -o' -A f Alt) mife Aon -ouine *oo t!)' pe^jif clifcev\6c 
coll^\ lotuA me pein ; -Ajuf ca piop dac fiACpAinn ipce^c jAn 
AijiiugAt) X)o 'n jAiDipe? " 40 

"til flA6A1|\ X)A|A TTDOIj,'' A\\ Ar\ ^flUAgAC : ''Agup -OA 

woeA^A, ip mop An loCc a|a pin g^n mo 6uiT)iU5[A"6]-pA do 
belt a^at: Ann." 

^ttJAipiT) jAompA lAp pin 5An motujAt) no 50 |\An5A'0AfA 
bun An CAipLeAin. Agup •Ofviii'DeAp TnACAorh-An-1olAi|A AtAit) 45 
Amuig V1A1-6 A^ui" leigeAp 'n-A Cuilci-oib jAibteA^A glAn-fiAtA 
CAfA Aip Apip 6,50 fAinigi n-Aice An CAipleAin ; Agup ^ip^eAp 
T)o bAOit-leim ApT) Ae\\t>A X)' uplAnnAit) a fleAj A^up "do 
(ipAiinAib A 6pA0ipeA(i gup tuiplin^ Ap t)opAp Apt) An 
CAipleAin. r,Q 

A^up ip AtfilAi-6 puAip lliT)ipe An C1U1I, Agup A (ieAnn 1 
n-uCc A itinA, eAT)Cn Inline nA pAlAbpAij llAitne, A^up 6 
p6in 'n-A toipCim puAin Agtip piop-6o"DAlCA, Agup 6 ApmtA 
^roigte, A511P An peAX)An glAn-Aipgix) ^uC-binn p6 CAnAt) An 
ceoil pitij [AjDubpAmAp porhAinn a\[ clAp pe n-A tAoib. 55 
lAp n-A peicpinc T)o 'n injin Cuice mAp pin -00 tAObuij a 
geAn sleAfhAipeAC gAipe i. 

T)AlAtTlACAOim-An-1olAip, CAppAingeAp An clAi-beAm clAip- 
leAtAn cpop-op-oA coil<s-'oipeA6 a bi Aige Ap a tpuAill CAipce 
Agup Ap A tinci5 "bo-ObA, Agup pAiteAp A 5CompAip Cpoit)e fio 
^5"r ^^ 5ceApc-rheA"D6n cl6ib UiDipe An Ciuil 6; Agtip x)o 
pinne goin jAtAnn Ajup Ai^eAt) pogAilce peol-pcAoilce -oe, 
Agup bAineAp A CeAnn "o* a ColAinn : Ajup An UAip -oo pAotl 


elegant, smooth-stoned, four-cornered in the top of yonder 
rock, with but one lofty door far from the bare earth : and not 
a human body comes in there save with windlass-ropes, except 
only the Knight of Music : and everyone says that it is by 
druidry himself comes there." 

" It is no worse for that," said Eagle-Boy. " There was 
not of the boys among which I was one better in dexterity of 
body than myself: and who knows that I may not go in- 
side without the Knight's knowledge ? " 

" Assuredly thou will not go," said the Champion, "and it 
thou wert to go, great would be the flaw if thou hadst not my 
help with thee." 

After that they advance unperceived, till they reached the 
bottom of the castle. And Eagle- Boy goes a while outside 
from it, and puts himself back again in his costly garments of 
good luck, till he came near the castle ; and he rises with a wild 
leap, high and airy, on the staves of his spears and the handles 
of his javelins till he lighted on the lofty door of the 

And thus he found the Knight of Music, with his head in 
the breast of his wife, that is the Girl of the Grey Palfrey, and 
himself in the stupor of sleep and lasting slumber, armed and 
equipped : and the tuneful-voiced flute of pure silver for play- 
ing the peaceful music we have mentioned before on a table 
beside him. When the girl looked on him thus, a lovely, hearty 
laugh seized her. 

As for Eagle-Boy, he draws the broad-grooved, golden- 
guarded, straight-bladed sword he had out of its protecting 
scabbard and its sheath of Bodhbh, and he thrusts it into the 
body of the heart, and the very middle of the breast, of the 
Knight of Music ; and he made him a wounding of enemies 
and a destructive flesh-cutting punishment : and he cuts his 

172 GACcnA triACAOirh-Ari-iotAm 

5|iu^5x^ve ^n OiLe^Ain m^\c^\om-An-1oU\i|\ -oo beit ^.\]^ ^ntrixMn 
A\\ *o6i^, If uiiaxMi!) -ootoniuNiic tui^e a^ *^muf Ar\ *oo|AAif 65 
S\^x> e, ^suf ceAtin tli-oit^e ^n Ciuil fif i n-*^ Uvirh. Aguf 
ceil^e^f m^fv p|\eAf*\ncA •oo6utn ^n 5t^^^^5^M5 -Am».\6 e, Agup 
cui-peAf ce^M) Atnuij a\\ cex^nn An Jt^^^S^'^'S ^S^f t)eipe-Af 
ifce^\6 e ; ^guf g^tD^f ^^Mix-oeAC^vf <\5wr ttJtJAip An mge^n 
jie peicpnc x\n jniorhA fin ^guf ^n (iofhluAT)*M|\ "oo f iDif i-6it) 70 
uifti : Aguf -oo finne iinuvil fOfxMj -Ajuf fotf AiCte "00 n-A 
fi'DifitJili) fin, Aguf fo fAnA'D^iA cfi Ia Aguf ceof <.\ Vioi'6Ce 'f^n 
•DunAt) fin, ^5 co6xMteAtri bit) Aguf leAnn^, Aguf ^5 leigeAti 
A fcite Aguf ^5 cuf\ meifcnige tiA f Aipfje t^ioti. 

Cio-OctAA^c lAf gcAiceAtii riA liAimfife pn, A-oubAiiAC ''^ 
TTlACAorh-An-lotAif , 6 "oo 6uiffeAC CfioC A|a a gcuAifC f a buAit) 
aMi •DunAit) fin CAffAige 'Ouibe, guf rhitix) -ooitj a f^gAil 
■^'^S^r ptl-eAt) T)' fiof A mb^n Aguf a tnuinncit^e. 

'Mf fiof fin," A]\ "^iKUA^At An OileAin, " Agtif x)obeifiin- 
fi inobfu\tAf n^C n'oeAfn^'O cuAMfC if fonAAguf if f^AnAtrilA 80 
nS X)0 6iuMfc A.\nnf o ; Aguf nA6 'ozu^At) fUMti foileim if 
buAt)-ArhlA 'nA An f oileim a cugAif ; Ajtif "oa bf uAfiAif a Ce^nn 
f e n-A buAin "oo lli-oife An Cnnl Agiif •oa mbe-At) 'n-A "CufCAt), 
n^fb f tif Af A 6LA01 1 n-iofjoil no gxMf ce ; Aguf 50 fxMb -oo 
X)A]\]\ A jAoife Agtif A gliocAif Aguf X)'-A e^lA-bnAib -ooilbte 85 
•OfAOi-^eACc-A 50 fnAfhAt) fe fu-o An bf^iffge A^uy 6f a 
cionn. A^uf fof gtif Ab lonroA ctvioC Aguf cine^l a biAf 50 
f ubA6 f obf 6nA6 A^uf 50 lutjAif eA6 Agtif a biAf 'n-A 5CAifX)ib 
•oileAf A "oion^iriAlA AjAC-f a fe^fCA 1 lof An -oeij-gniottiA fin 
"OO finnif. Oif -00 bi tnof "oiob "d'a bi 1 n-"OAOiffe Aguf 90 
1 n-DocAtriAl Aguf 1 inbfuiT) bun^it) ^5 An mileA"6 "oo tuic 

lAf fin ADubvMfC tTlACAoni-*\n-1olAif ^u\\ iriitiT) -oCib -oun 
CAffAige "Ombe -o'^AgAil, 6 X)o finneA-OAf a X)CUfVAf Ann. 
"Oo bi Inge^n nA pAlAbj^Aij VlAitne A5 innpn f ceAl A^uf 95 
jniorhA Aguf CAitfeime Ui-oife An CuiiL -ooib jonuige pn. 


head from his body ; and when the Champion of the Island 
thought that Eagle- Boy was deprived of life altogether, 
thus he saw him, approaching the lofty door, having the head 
of the Knight of Music in his hand. And he casts it out to 
the Champion as a gift, and puts a cord out for the Champion 
and brings him inside : and joy and gladness seizes the girl at 
seeing that deed and the company of knights with her : and 
she did those knights the service of washing and bathing ; and 
they remained three days and three nights in that dwelling, 
consuming food and ale, and laying aside their weariness and 
putting from them the depression caused by the sea. 

However, after spending that time Eagle-Boy said that 
since they had put an end to their visit for the conquest 
of that dwelling of the Black Rock, it was time for 
them to leave it and to return to their wives and their 

" That is true," said the Champion of the Island, " and I 
give my word that never was visit made, luckier or more pros- 
perous than thy visit here : and that never was given a light 
leap more victorious than thou hast given : and if thou hadst 
found the head of the Knight of Music, to cut it off, and 
if he were awake, it would* not be easy to conquer him in 
onslaught or prowess : and that it was by means of his skill 
and cleverness, and by his dark accomplishments of druidry 
that he used to swim all over the sea and above it. And 
further, there were many territories and nations that 
will be merry and high spirited and joyful, and that will 
henceforth be friends faithful and worthy for thee, for the sake 
of that good deed thou hast done. For there were many of 
them in slavery and sorrow and outright captivity to the 
soldier who has fallen by thee." 

Then Eagle-Boy said that it was time for them to leave 
the fort of the Black Rock, since they had finished their 
journey there. The Girl of the Grey Palfrey was telling the 
news and the feat and the triumph of the Knight of Music to 

174 GACCRA TTl AC^Oirh-Atl-IOtAIR 

An lv\oi e^co|\t^.\ — 

Gijijix), A gituA^Ai j At) OiteAin, 

If bi'm 50 n6-fiei"6 pA 'n -oun-rA ; 100 

5An CA-OAf "o' feA\\ A "OUnUA. 

t)eA|iATD tinn 65 riA njeAttATri 

rriAii leAnriAn "oo liiAC lubAiji : 
TTlAit An fCAn -o'eif Ap r)-AfCA|i 105 

"Oo 'n bAif j;it bu-o cvibAix). 

lion Ajt tonj -oo f^eA-OAib, 

CuiT) -oo b^ieAJAib An cf AOJAit ; 
'Ca 'noif A]\ Afi 5c«mAf 

nit) nAjib' pn^iAf x>' A]\ mAO|iAib. 110 

[5iiUa\5^\C xmi oileAin] 

ni mifce -ouinn-ne a triAoi-oeAm : 

Til tug Aon peAji 'fAn •ootriAin 
("Oo jiAiT) 5]tuAj;AC An OileAin) 

poiteim fUAjiAC bA fonA. 

pAT) 6 ceile An cnuAfAC 115 

*Oo bei-fici te nuACAii -oifi 
be nA ■pAttjiAi j tlAicne 

llmie men tuAi-oitt mife. 

If lonroA x)o Lucr ceAnnAij 

teAji meATJAifi clof nA f ceAt-f a ; 120 

"Omr-fe, TtlACAotri-An-lotAin 

Cu5 "OiA cinneAX) a "oeAncA. 


t)uix)e fiif An gCoitrcoiA 

t)uAi-6 "OAm 5An •ooitje -o'f A5A1I : 
Cuicim connAix)e nA CAn|iAi5e 125 

*0'eif 5AC CUfAIT) "OO JAbAlt. 

A ti-^itle riA lA0i*6e fin *do pinnfeAC ^ijaij AtlArh Aom-p^y 
Aguf ]AO cui|\fexic mAoin -Aguf mdjA-rh^iteAf^ ^E^V t^oijne 
feoT) Ain "oiinAit!) 'fx^n gcujiji^t, x^juf "oo ft! "o'xx lionrhAi|\e 
nx^p tuiLfeA3kC ^nn ; Atz long tu6crhxif\ l^n-Ai'bbfe^C "oo bi ^5 130 
Ri-Dijie An C1U1I |\e tiAgAi'C cw^a ^guf c^nxxCxMf x)o C6$t)^il, 
^5Uf "OO 6u|A A|\ muinCionn triA^A -Aguf mOp-p-Aifipge Ctiige, 


them down till then. And Eagle- Boy and the Champion of 
the Island made the song between them. 


Rouse ye, Champion of the Island, and let us be quite finished with this fort : 
let|us leave it without habitation, without respect for the man of its stronghold. 

Let us take with us the youth of the promises as a spouse for the son of 
lubhar. Good the fortune after our journey, for the white hand it will be fitting. 

Fill our boat with treasures, some of the fair things of the world : there is 
now in our power something that is not easy for our stewards. 


Well may we relate it ; not a man in the world (said the Champion of 
the Island) gave a trivial light leap that was more fortunate. 

Far asunder is the hoard thou givest with a spouse to her. Woman of the 
Grey Palfrey about it I jested not [?]. 

Many are there of the merchants who will think the hearing of this news 
delightful : to thee, Eagle-Boy, hath God given appointment to do it. 

'^ • [EAGLE-BOY] 

Thanks lie to the Lord that I got victory without sorrow : to obtain the falling 
of the crafty one of the Rock after every warrior. 

After that song they rose promptly and unanimously and 
put the wealth and valuables and selections of the jewels of 
the dwelling in the canoe, and so full was it that 
they did not fit in it ; but the Knight of Music had a capacious 
full-huge ship for raising tax and tribute, and for putting on 
the surface of the sea and the ocean for him, and they put their 

1/6 eACuriA rhACAoirh-An-iotAin 

x\5tif |\o tuifAfevAC A lu6c innce •oo n-A tiuile rriAMte^f ■<^5"r 

feolCA xxiUe ioI"6..\c^C[a] i tnt).\f\|\Ai5 n-A ^Cf^nn gcoiriTOipeAC ^36 
fe^ftriA^ f^p-lAi-oifA fiuGxMl, Aguf fo feol fUM) ^n p^Mpjige 50 
|:xM|\pn5 |:ipnex^|\cn^^|^ piofx.\f|A<\6cA6, Ajuf An Ait)t)eif lon- 
5AnCc\6 lAf ca6 il-pu\fCA(i, -Agiif ^n ti)oCn-A t3A|\|\-5eAl beoton- 
riAC t)Oi\b-neA|ACtriA|A Aguf An f Aile feApb-jlAf fjAUic-lioncAC 
iAfc-lionr-hA|\ Ajuj" ni luMt|\ifceA|A a n-e<.\(icf a no a nDAlA ^^^ 
50 |\An5A'OA|\ oi|\eA|i AlAinn lomAllbtcMC An OileAin ^AfAig. 
Aguf tugfAC teACAT) A CAoibe T)o 'n c^aCc jeAt-gAinmeAci "oo 
'n liiin^, Agur gtOAifiT) lAjiAtri a|\ Amuf -OunAiT:) A^uf -oeAj- 
bAile JjAUA^Aig An OileAin bAll a |\At)A'OA|\ a mnA Agup a 
mbAn-DAlA. t)A po|A|?AoiLceA6 caC |\e 6eile -oiob. Zeo\\A H5 
bAimfijAe tnA|A fin •ooib A5 ol Aguf Ag AoibneAf 1 bpAjAHAt) 
Agtip 1 bpoCvMfv A 6eile t)6ib, Aguf A5 uixjAijA-oiujAt) meAnmAn 
Agtif mofi-Ai^eAncA. 

UiAiAltAiT) lAjAAtri TTl ACAOtti- An-1olAi|A AgUf 1n$eAn nA 
pAlAbjiAij llAitne, A^uf pAgbAiT) injjeAn jiiog nA tiln^oiA 1 150 
bpocAij; 5t^"^^5^^^5 ^^^"^ OileAin, Aguf ni liAitpifceAft a 
n-imteA6cA 50 'ocAngA'OAn [50] CAtAiji CAmlAOiT)e Agup 
"OunAt) An llAllA "OeijAj ; ^5111^ cuijAlingiT) a|\ fAitCe An 
•ounAi-Q. Aguf rr\A\\ "Oo CuAit) Aicne po|A|\A tAini^ An fi 
AjAcnp, An tliDijie "Oub, Aguf Si|\ l)AlbuAit) Agtif An ceA^lAC i").-) 
inLe 1 gcoinne Aguf gconroAiL nA beA5-bui"6ne fin ; Agup 
coi|\b|\eAf ceof A pog 'oo ttlAtAorh-An-loLAif, Agup -oo rh6|\- 
|?Ailci5eA'OA|A f oirh Injin nA pAlAbpAij "UAicne. ^AtCAf An |m' 
AfCuiA fceALA A n-eAtcfA Aguf A n-imteA6cA 'oiob a|a Aon 
Aguf 50 fonn|\A"6AC 'OO itlACAorii-An-lolAijA. InnifeAf fin no 100 
6 tuf 50 x)eipeA'D Aguf fceAlA nA tiingine CAf 5AC nit), fA 
triAf 6uAlAbAf AnuAf 50 f oiCe f o ; Aguf a f oja "oo belt A5 An fig 
Afttif Annfin a congbAil Aige pein niAf mnAOi Aguf mAf bAin- 
ceile, no a CAbAif c X)'a f oja f em 'o'f eAf eile no6 'oo biAt!) 10m- 
CubAit) Aice, n6 ceAX) -oo tAbAifc "oi f iLleAt) T)'a cif fein Afif IGS 


burden within it of all the wealth and great plunder which 
was in the dwelling : and they raised its beautiful, many- 
coloured sails on the tops of the straight, steadfast, very strong 
masts of journeying, and they sailed on the sea widely, very 
strongly, powerfully, and the wonderful abyss full of fishes 
and monsters, and, the white-topped, living-waved, rough, 
mighty ocean, and the bitter-clear, full-streamed, fish-plentiful 
salt sea, and their adventures or their history is not related till 
they reached the beautiful, smooth-bordered shore of the 
Desert Island, And they gave the breadth of the ship's side to 
the white sandy beach, and they then go to the dwelling and fair 
steading of the Champion of the Island, the place where were 
their wives and their attendants. Right glad were they at 
seeing one another. Thus were they for a space of time, drink- 
ing and pleasuring near and beside each other, and rejoic- 
ing the mind and intellect. 

Then Eagle-Boy and the Girl of the Grey Palfrey set out, 
and they leave the daughter of the King of India with the 
Champion of the Island, and their adventures are not related 
till they came to the Castle of Camelot and the dwelling of the 
Red Hall. And they alight on the lawn of the dwelling. And 
when they were recognised. King Arthur came, and the Black 
Knight, and Sir Galahad, and the whole household to meet 
and join that little company : and he gives three kisses to 
Eagle- Boy, and they greatly welcomed the Girl of the Grey 
Palfrey. King Arthur asks news of their adventure and their 
journey together, and especially of Eagle- Boy. He tells him 
that from beginning to end, and news of the girl above all, 
as you have heard above, down to this : and how King 
Arthur had now his choice to keep her by himself as wife and 
spouse, or to give her to her own choice of another man as 
would be convenient for him, or to give her leave to return 
again to her own land. 


"1f 1 mo |A05A.\-fA,'' 'bA\^ ^n \\u "^n t)e<Mi 'oo beit x^gAm 

t)ei|\tex\|i ifceA(i -00 'n T)un-At) ia|a fin. A6c 6e-An-A x>o 
finne ah jii t)An^if t)U-Ain-tiot)l<MCceAC fe lilngin n<\ 'p*.\lAt)|\Ai5 


1f gxMfiT) -OO f?^n mACxiotri-An 1oU\if x^n uxMf tug t-drh Af\ 
itnte^6c ; ^stif 5^t)^r •^^^ f 1 ■^S^f Itige-An r\A p^lAbf ai$ "U^Mtfie 
T)' A toi|\meAf c 50 'oi6exillxi6 ^jtif -A5 pufiil cotri[ri]Ai'6e mCifve 
■pAi|A ; xi^tif 6 n^A|\ p^otn-f^n fin t)o jt^CA'C, 5^n "out "Oo 
tAiiAll ^Siif 'OO t-Aifce^t x.\n •oorhxMn triCif\ no 50 t!)f A5x^'6 nit) 5 
eigin -o'xi fce^lA[it)] pein, tJiAonn^r -An inje^^n An TpAlt\\A6 
^^A^tne *oo m^jA Congn^rh •ooCum An zv]\amc pn. Aguf but) rhxiit 
-An f e-AT) fin, 6if but) 6Cirht)e^f -Af rhuif Aguf -Af tif 1. ^'^^^''^f 
A Ce-AX) Mf Atri .Aguf ni *oex^f nx\t) oifif eArh no corhnxMt)e leif 50 
f^inig Oile,An An f xAf A15. Ajuf u\f mbeit Cfex.\lL Ann T)0 xi^ 10 
teige-An a fcite ^^uf .Ag cotriluAT)*xf f>e n-A tiin,Aoi if i corh- 
xMfle x\f ,A|\ Cinnfe^c eife^n x^guf 5fu<.\5A6 xNn OileAin, xy' 
]mteA6z 'n-A n-UAtAt) xiguf 'n-A n-Aon,A|an Aguf a gcum^if 
eAt, 6ip bA bion^nn lolbuAt)*^ t)6ib .Af^on. Aguf -co tioin- 
nATDA^f cex^T) .Aguf ce1leA^bf*^t) ^^5 a inn^Sib Aguf ^^5 xs 'oce-A$U\6, 16 
A^uy f o 5-Abf A^c f otnp-A a\^ a gcexAfc-^-NJAit) ^A(iA n-oife-At -A5 
cux^fcu$x^t) CfioC, innfex\t), Aguf oile-An 50 coirhte-Atxxn "O 
feA\CAin[c] -Anbiruij-oif no .\n gcluinfi'oif ^on nit) "OO fc6x\txMb 
cineil bunxMt) ThACx^oiiri-^\n-1olxM|\. 

1 gcionn cfeAllM ^A\\ fin, Aguf u\f ^cuAfCUjxst) uif-rh6f 20 
An X)oirixMn T)6ib, t<\fU\ Cfio6 .Aguf cine*.\l fxMffing f^xfuiste, 
TnA15nex^f -Aguf nu\6xMf e f-Af uijte Ci\6a, xAguf bit)ex\'o<\f X) -a 
CuAfCujAt) A^nif -o'a fiubxil UAf fin x.\f a ^ceA^z-A-^A^X) ^An 


" This is my choice," said the king, " that the woman 
■should be with myself." 

Then they are brought into the dwelling. But the king 
made a wedding, with lasting largesses, with the Girl of the 
Grey Palfrey. 


Eagle- Boy had stayed a short while, when he set about depart- 
ing : and the king and the Girl of the Grey Palfrey take to 
hindering him diligently and commanding a longer stay from 
him ; and since he did not consent thereto (not to go to visit and 
to journey the great world till he should find something of his 
own story) the girl presents to him the Grey Palfrey as a help 
for that journey. And that was a valuable present, for it was 
equally good on sea and on land. Then he takes his leave, 
and no stop or stay was made by him till he reached the 
Island of the Waste. And after being a while there laying 
aside his weariness and accompanying with his wife, this is the 
counsel on which they (he and the Champion of the Island) 
resolved — to go alone and solitary with their pair of horses, 
for manifold virtues were theirs alike together. And they took 
leave and farewell of their wives and their household, and went 
straight before them seeking lands, isles, and islands, far and 
wide, to see if they would find or hear anything of the news 
of the family of Eagle- Boy. 

A while after that, and after they had searched a great 
part of the world, they came to a territory and race broad 
and laid waste, a field and plain laid waste, and they 
were wandering through it and a-walking it thereafter, straight 
forward, without seeing a person or a dwelling, a flock or cattle 

l8o eACCRA lilACAOltil-All-lOlAirx 

p^MCfin 'D-Aoine no xMqAeil')e, eAlbA no Aifvneife a\^ bit, 50 
]:tiinnexx"6 -Agup 50 peAj^c^p. 5"^^^^ x\nnfm X)o CuaIaDaNi^ 50I 25 
S^X) eA^CAOweA6 -Ajuf ei5trie[A(i] pA*OA piO|\-tt\uA5 b^n, 50 
n'otiloAi|\c niACAorh-An-1olAi|\ 5ii|\ coi|a "boib "oult)' f?io]^ .x-Ob^jv 
5ol.^ r\A mb^n, x\5Uf 50 tnbAt) fei-oiji 50 b]:ui5iT)if fce^lA nA 
cife fin iiACA. t^isix) ia|\ fin Agiif fUAiAADAf T)Mf bAn 'n-A 
f tiix)e xxnn, Aguf "OiAf ■oeAg-lAoC mAjAb fucA, Aguf iat) as 50I 30 
50 boCc CfUAJAncA Cf ^ 5Cionn. Aguf be^nnuijeAf An 
mA]\cfluA% Tfo nA tiinje^nxMb A^uf fUAffinjeAf ITlACAoni-An- 
1oUMf fceAlA -oiob Aguf A-DbAf a ngoUA 50 ru\i]Aice, Aguf pof 
r\A ci|\e fin 1 n-A 'OCA|\lA'OAp fein. t)A hiongnAt) A-6bAl-rhb|\ 
Aguf bA itiACcnAiti meAntriAn leif nA mnAib An iriAtxcfluAg *oo 35 
belt 1 n-A n-Ainbfiof pein Aguf 1 n-AinbfiOf nA cife Aguf 
At)bAt\ A n-golA niAf fin. "Oo tAbAip An beAn bA fine -oiob 


'• SAOilim-fe nAC -oo 'n fiogACC-f a fib-fe, a iriAfCfLuAij 
AnAicm-o, An uAif acacaoi com AinbfiofAC A^uf fin lonAinn- -to 
ne fein Agiif 1 n-A'ObAf Af njolvX." 

" If niAf CfluAj coigCfiCe finn jAn Atrif Af," a\\ lllACAOtri- 
An-lolAif, " -\5Uf If triAic linn fceAlA -o' fAjAiL iiAib-fe." 

" niAifeAt)," 'bAf An ingeAn, " if i fo An ScitiA clotbfOA, 
Aguf If ingeAn -oo fig nA ScitiA mife, Aguf if injeAn -oAm-fA *5 
An CAiUn fO 1 tn' f otAif ; Aguf fi nA SofCA a bACAif : Aguf fo 
mAfbAt!) e f e triAC [a] AtAfA Aguf a ifiAtAfA fein 1 bf eill Aguf 
1 bfionjAil. Aguf AZA fiogACc nA So|\6a Aige fein Agiif A5 
A tloinn 6 fin 1 Leit. Aguf if AirilAit) tAflA mife An tuMf fin 
-oo niAfbAt) m' feAf pCfCA, Aguf me CAobtfom coffAt, Aguf 50 
5An x)o tloinn AgAtn acc An ingeAn f o. Aguf -oo Cuif fe me 
1 gctiibfeAt Aguf 1 jceAngAL 1 "ocuf cOtti-OAingeAn cLoiCe 50 
bfiofpA"6 c|\eA-o An coiffCeAf -oo bi AjAm, a\\ caCc da mbAt) 
injeAn "oobiot) AgAm Af n-ionnAjib^t) Ay fiojACc nA Sof Ca 50 
buile, Agiif "OA mbAt) mAc TobeAfAinn a Cuf Cum bAif im' 55 
fiAX)nAife, lonnAf nAt jcluinfeAt) Af n-eA(^CfA 6 fin AmAc. 


at all, till sunset and evening. And then they heard. high 
lamenting, weeping, and a long, truly sad outcry of women, so 
that Eagle- Boy said that it was right for them to go to find the 
cause of the women's crying, and possibly they would find 
information about that land from them. They come after that, 
and found a pair of women sitting there, and a pair of heroes 
dead below them, and they weeping sadly and wretchedly 
above them. The horsemen salute the ladies, and Eagle- Boy 
asks news of them and the cause of their weeping especially, 
and knowledge of that land in which they themselves had 
chanced to come. To the women it was a great wonder and 
a surprise of mind that the horsemen should be ignorant of 
themselves, and ignorant of the land and of the cause of their 
weeping thus. The elder woman spoke and said — 

" I think that ye are not of this kingdom, O unknown 
horsemen, since ye are so ignorant as that, of ourselves and 
of the cause of our weeping." 

" Foreign horsemen we are assuredly," said Eagle-Boy, 
" and we would like to get information from you." 

" Truly,": said the lady, "this is golden-jewelled Scythia, 
and I am daughter to the King of Scythia, and this girl with 
me is my daughter : and the King of Sorcha was her father : 
and he was slain by the son of his own father and mother in 
treachery and kin-slaughter. And himself has the kingdom 
of Sorcha, and his children, from that onwards. And thus it 
chanced with me then, when my husband was killed ; I was 
with child, and had no children save this daughter. And he 
put me in fetter and manacle in a very strong tower of 
masonry, till he should know what my unborn child would be, 
on this condition ; if it were a daughter I should have, to banish 
us altogether from the kingdom of Sorcha, and if it were a 
son I should bear, to put him to death in my presence, in order 
that he should not hear report of us from that out. 

i82 eACuuA tti<\cAotrh-Aii-iolAin 

'• ACc AZA nit) Ce-An-A, tAu^-Af-f^ sein rhAife^C iriin -AUvinn 
tnic ; ^.Nguf u\tA n-*\ t)eit CAtn^ll i m' pAxbnxMfe mA\\ fin, ful 
•00 |iu5a\T)^j3 n^ c6irhex\'otii'6te of\ni, t^img x\n -Acuill u^fxil "o'a 
n^o\\\teA\[ An c-ioU\|\ Ctig-Am Af ne^lUMt) e^'OArAt)ti^ife^6xi An <50 
<xei|\ x^5tlf x^f pf\itit) n^ pO|AnixMmeince A\i potlu^m^in, n6 5U|\ 
cuifAlins ^p ^n T)OfAx\f ^|a*o -oo t)i ^|a x^n cu|\ fin, X)aII a fx^b^f- 
f*\; xiguf puxx'OxMjexif xxn nAoit)eA.\n i n-A 6fot>Aib leif ix\f n-^ 
6eA^n5A\l "OArh-f^ i nit)e^|\c-c\it!) line mbig, 6f cionn n^ fxMffge 
50 n-oeA^c^t) Af finn mo fuifc ^guf mo fA"6xM|\c tixMm : 50 65 
nv\C fiof *ouinn a "Oiol nC oi"OeAt) o fin 1 leiu. ACc 50 me^f^im 
mun^\f tuic fe '\'An \jyA\\Kp^e ^u\\ it x^n c-ioU\f 1 n-Aic eigin e. 

" A6c 6eAnA, m|\ "oce^Cc T)0 ^i fig x^guf -o'^i luCc coimex\t)C^ 
Cug^m, m,Af n-AC t)fux\f^T)xXf ^n texxnb xvg^m n6 lonnx^m, -00 
fe^nAf nA6 \\At)Aif coff aC, x^guf ^A\\ t)fx^5x.\il t)4^o$A1l b^if CfiT) 70 
fin, T)o leige-A'Cxj^f x.\m.i6 me ^Agiif -oo tiionn^fbA-O me f em A^uy 
m' inje-An ^f An cif fin x^5l1f ni fei'oif linn leit no Cfi^n a 
"DC-AfUx *o' inif x^5Uf "o' x^mg^f "Cuinn -o' innpnc n6 *o' fxMf neif 
*oit)-fe. ACc t)it)ex^mx\f a\\. An lomlii^'OAlfin ^SMff^it) "oeifc 6 
tig 50 C15 -Agiif o cif 50 cif 50 f ^n5Atn^\f -ounxit) ^j^uf "oe^g- 75 
^f^\f m' AtA\\A-yA 'f xin 5Cfi6-fe 1 n-A bfuilci-f e : Aguf aza- 
mAO]'o ^Mge 6 fin 1 leit. Agtif "oo bi "oo m^-AT) moCLimx\-fxi 1 
n'oiAi'O m' fif pCfC^ ^S'-if m^\oin-mic n^\f fAonu\f feif f6 
fexif ij6 fe lex\nnx.\n 6 fin 1 leit. 

" X)aIa f io$ nA Soi[\6a lomoff o, eAt>6n An f ex^f pn -oo 80 
finne ^n pex^ll, -oo (iuAlx\ 6 luCc rH,io-fuin ^igin guf fugxif- 
fxi mx\c, Aguf 5tif 6uif UiT)ife nA CorriAifle -Aguf mife -o^a 
oileAtiixMn ^guf •o'x^ lexifujvVi!) "oo'n cif-fe 1 luit) m'x^tx^fx^ 6, 
^S^r 50 mbAi) 'D615 50 •DCiocfxi'b -o'eifexin xiguf "oo m' x\txMf- 
f e f6in bx5f m' fif ^ofCxi pein xiguf AtA\\ mo Cloinne do 85 
(io1f1U5x^■6 xMf fein x^5Uf x^f x\ 6loinn uxMf 6isiii' Aguf "oo 
t*.\oil> An bf exNtnuigte pn xiguf x\n 'Ofo6-fmuxMnce "00 finne 
fe tiinig t>'a flux\5 mof x^5;uf f oCf»\iX)e X)0 tionol *^5Uf -oo 
tiomf U5<\"6 Aiguf ce*.\(ic -oo'n cif-fe ; ^\5uf "oo cuif f 6 cexxccxi 


" However, I brought forth a beautiful, soft, lovely boy- 
child, and after he was with me a while like that, before the 
guards took hold on me, there came the noble aquila, 
which is called the eagle, to me, out of the lofty clouds 
of the air and out of the expanse of the firmament in 
hovering flight, till he descended at the lofty door that there 
was to that tower, just where I was ; and he carries off with 
him in his claws the babe, after I had wrapped him in clothes 
of fine linen, over the sea till he went beyond the limits of my 
view and eyesight from me : so that his end and his fate are 
unknown to me from that out. Save that I think unless he fell 
into the sea that the eagle devoured him somewhere. 

" However, when the king and his attendants carrve to me, 
as they did not find with me the child born or unborn, I denied 
that I was not with child, and (after I ran a risk of death 
through that) they let me out, and I and my daughter were 
banished from that land, and it is impossible for us to tell or 
reveal to you the hal-f or third of what misery and distress 
befel U6. But we were in that wandering, asking alms from 
house to house and from land to land, till we reached the dwell- 
ing and palace of my father in this land in which ye are : and 
we are with him from that out. And from the greatness of 
my sorrow after my husband and my only son I have not 
consented to sleep with husband or lover from that out. 

" Now as for the King of Sorcha, the man who wrought 
the treachery, he heard from some malicious folk that I had 
borne a son, and that the Knight of Counsel and I had 
put him out to nurture and educate in this country by my 
father's craft, and that assuredly he and my father would be 
able to requite the death of my husband and of the father of 
my children on himself and his children some time. And on 
account of that opinion and the evil thought he conceived, 
he came to collect and assemble his great host and multitudes, 

1 84 e^CrnA rhACAOirh-An-iolAm 

Cum m' ^t^p<\-f A x.\5 u\tA|A.MX) xMp mife ..\5ur ah tn^\c f'n -A5"r '-^'^ 
^n in5e^\n-pA -do tv\t).\itAC t>6 no 50 x)ciut:)|\^t) x^n ci|\-re |:^\ 
join 5xMt Aguf clxM-6irh xNgup 50 -ociut^f^-O .aja peinnit) .xsuf 
pex^|l-C5U^6 innce. Asuf "oo bi ]:|\eA^5|\v^ nV ^t^t\x.\ m\\ ^Minfin, 
TUA|it)' xMribpor^iJe fi riA So|\Ca ):ein 'f^^ ^-^c fin no e pein 
m^\|\u5<\i:) e ; ^sup c>Ai|\if fin An me^-o "oo tii xMje, eATJon ivjife •>•'> 
Aguf m' in$ex.\n, n^C -ociuGpAt) -Oo-f An finn : AS«f 50 inbAt) 
feAff teif 50 mbiAt) An niAC fin fOf Aige, Ajuf -qa rnbiAt) 
nAC 'ociubfVAt) -oo-fAn CAf Cionn cife nO CAltriAin e. 

" 1a|\ n-A OLof fin -oo \u^ nA Sof 6a pogfAf CAt <\\\ 
m'AtAi|\-fe, Aguf ni tug fe CAif "oe t!)© f e CjAumniujAt) a rtiuinn- 100 
cife no A tifie Cuige, Aguf mA|\ nAC ti)fUAi|\ tug gAifim 
CfuinnigCe X)'a tif pein ; Aguf ia|\ mbeit Cfuinn A|\ gjkC 
CAOib t)6\X) -DO finne fe fOflongpofc fe buCc An cfluAij 
rhoif fin. Aguf acait) fe feACcrhAin, uCc fe tuiCc Aguf 

AgAlt) Af AJAlt) AJUf Cf OIT), AgUf UACAf JaC Ia OACOf C.\, AJUf l^^ 

lAoiC lAf n-A leA"OfA-0 Aguf cuf AiTJe K\f n-A gcnAim-geAffAt) 
UAtA AfAon. Aguf If 1 tyibAfAC aza Ia An rriOp-CAtA 
eACOf tA : Aguf If 1AT) fo mo "OiAf -oeAfbfAtAif, eA"60n clAnn 
CfutA6 CAom-AlAinn An fioj, aca Annfo fum, lAf n-A niAfbAt) 

1 "OCfOlT) AgUf 1 -OCACAf An IaOI in*01U : AgUf If lAT) fin Af 110 

n'OfoiC-fceAlA pein AgAib-^e; Aguf "oa mbeiDif nit) bA peAff 
AgAinn x)o beipmif 'OAOib-fi iaT), a niApcfluAig AnAitniX) UT). 
Aguf If mAit linn nit) eigin "Oo bupfceAlAib-fe pern -D'pAjAil 

" Hi bpuil "OO pceAlAib AjAinn, " Af niACAorh-An-lolAif, 115 
" aOc 5Uf mAfCfluAj coigcfiCe finn pein, aca A5 lAff Ait) 

CUlUirh AgUf CUAI^AfCAll. AgUf -DA DUUgAlt) C'AtA1f-fe 

cuApAfCAl "ouinn, no -oa "ocogfAt) fe Af bpApcugAt), 50 
5Cui"oeO(!:AmAOif leif." 

^•AbAf 5AifX)eA0Af At)bAl-fhof An injeAn cpiX) fin, Aguf 120 
A-DubAifc 50 bpui5ix)if A mbpeiC pein n-A tiAtAif ; Aguf 
niofb fAX)A t)Oil') mAf fin An uAif X)o ConncAX)Af luCc lomCAip 


and to come to this land ; and he sent messengers to my father 
demanding that 1 and the boy and this my daughter should 
be given him, or else that he would put this land under the 
wounding of spear and sword, and would inflict slaughter of 
champions and warriors upon it. And the answer of my father to 
him then was that the King of Sorcha himself was not more 
ignorant than himself about that boy, whether he had been born ; 
and beside that, as for those whom he had (myself and my 
daughter) that he would not deliver us up to him : and that he 
would rather have had that son still with him, and if he had, 
that he would not give him in exchange for a land or a country. 

" When the King of Sorcha heard that, he declares war on 
my father, and gave him no respite to collect his people or his 
subjects to him, and when he did not receive it he issued a pro- 
clamation for assembly to his own land ; and when they were 
complete from every side, he made a camp in front of that great 
host. And they are the space of a week, front to front and face 
to face, and every day there is battle and fighting between them 
and heroes beaten and warriors hacked in the bones by 
them together. And to-morrow is the day of the great battle 
between them : and these are my two brothers, the shapely, 
fair-beautiful children of the king who are here under me, 
slain in the battle and fighting of to-day : and there ye have 
our evil tidings ; and had we aught better, we would relate 
you them, O unknown horsemen yonder. And we wish to 
receive something of your own own tidings now." 

" No tidings have we," said Eagle-Boy, " save that we 
ourselves are foreign horsemen, a-seeking pay and wages. And 
if thy father would give us wages, or if he should desire to 
hire us, we would help him." 

Great joy seized the lady thereupon, and she said that 
they would obtain their own terms from her father ; 
and they were not long thus when they saw the people 

1 86 eACURA t1lACA0lt1l-<Ml-10lAin 

UA 5C0|\p Cu6.\, -Aguf |\U5^-0A|\ leo 50 -ouuAtf a^u\* 50 -oeA^- 

nu\pcfUMi$ A\' An t)foylon^po\\z X)o Cuf\ Op'ouigte a\\ p^if\e 125 
A^uy 0]^6\\u^A'6 nA scofAp fin a tloinnego "o'eif xmi rh6f\-C-At-A, 
50 bpopir^t) c^A tt'A fi^CAt) a t)UAit) no a -OiombuxM-b. 

T)^l^ TTlAC^oifh-An-lol^ifi A^uy 'SV^^E^^'S -^^^ Oile.Ain, f\o 
5*At!)fAC A^ A\-^neAy ^orr\A^AlimA e-ACOf\tx^ p6in, 50 n*out)-AifC 
TTI^iCA\orh-x\n-1olAi|\ f\if ^n n5f«A5^6 — 130 

" ALcuigim pein x\noif |\e 1iAi|\'o-|ai5 neirtie Agiif tlxiorh- 
c.\Lmv\n -Aguf jie Cinmpjceoip n^^ Cfuinne CeAtAfy'6A 50 bpuiL 
pJkifC -o'piof mo floinnce A^uy V)unAt> cineil \WAtA\\A pein 
^\noif ASAvn : x^gup 50 n-xMtni$im sup-Ab me pein -An nAOi-bexJtn 
beAg uT) *oo |\u5 An z-\oIa\\ 1 n--A 6|\oftAit) leif, A^uy su\^aX) 1 135 
^n UfiionCiT) togtA t|\e-pe^|\fAnAi5 |\o-m-6uip 50 'n t^ij 
Ajicup me, Aguf 5ti|Ax\t) 6 'n lol^ji ut) -a joifAteAf ' tnx>c^orh- 
^\n-1otAi|i ' -oiom : ^jvif pCf StJlA-Ab i f ut) mo m^t<M|A ^guf 
5U|AAb e m' AtA]\\ *oo tuic 'f^^ tjpeilliuj-At) : -Aguf if m*Mt x\n 
fe^\n ^Nguf An fotA'6 x^f a "oc-An^AmAf "oo 'n cif-f^/' -^r f^' i'*^ 
" 6it\ A f uAt\Af fiof m' Atxif Agtir ^o m^t-A|\A innce. A^guf 
ctiif pe-Am An CAt m6f ux) 1 mX)A\\A6 [1] nT)io$Ailc m' At*\|A-A, Oifi 
ni fe-Aff ^[ijt) le neA\|\c a\[ t^ime ^p^on." 

*''lf mxMt An yeAn 50 •oeirhin <a|\ -Af\ eifgif x\mA6 " a\\. 
'^\\ua^a6 An Oile^in, " ^E^V ^^-^^"^ ^^ ^ "o' 1^15 ^p ^n cSo|\6*\ us 
1 mb*\|\-AC 5-An concAb^ijAC, ^A\\ n-oiple-AC A^uy ^A^n-Atcmr^AX) 
[c] e^fC-AiAAt)." 

Aguf -DO f\inne ^n Iaoi mA|\ le^nx^f — 

xXoibinn A\\ ■ocoifc "oo 'n ri|t-fe 

ni hAx)t)A|i fcife A\\ -ocuiiAf ; 25q 

CuijipeAm CAc Ann j^n CAiti"oe, 

If biAix) -Aji nAitriToe a|i Afi jcuniAf. 

If AOibinn tiom-f A a bpeicfinc 

CAf eif m' AfCAif If m' Anf 615, 
mo TTiACAif fCAi 5AC in5eAn, 155 

"O'a SfUAi-o cibf eA-D, ni f 6-nAif. 


who were to bear away the bodies coming to them, and they 
took them to the dwelHng and the palace of the King of 
Scythia, and the king and a few horsemen came from the camp, 
to give an order for the watching and respecting of those 
bodies of his children till after the great battle, so that he 
should know to whom should fall its victory or its failure. 

As for Eagle-Boy and the Champion of the Island, they 
took to interchange converse between themselves, and Eagle- 
Boy said to the Champion — 

" Now 1 thank the High-King of Heaven and of the Sacred 
Land, and the Measurer of the Four-fold Universe, that I now 
have a share of the knowledge of my name and the origin of my . 
father : and that I recognise that I myself am that little infant 
which the eagle took in his claws with him, and that 
it was the Exalted Trinity of Three Persons that sent 
me to King Arthur, and that it was from that eagle 
I am called ' Eagle- Boy ' : further that yonder is my 
mother, and that it was my father who fell in that treachery : 
and good is the luck and profit on which we have come to this 
land," said he, "for I have got knowledge of my father and 
my mother in it. And I shall set that great battle to-morrow 
in revenge for my father, for he will not stand against the 
strength of our hand together." 

" Good is the kick indeed whereto thou hast attained," said 
the Champion of the Island, "and thou shalt be King of 
Sorcha to-morrow, without doubt, after destroying and con- 
founding thy enemies." 

And he made the song as follows — 

Pleasant our voyage to this land, no cause for weariness in our journey : I 
will set the battle there without delay, and our enemies will be in our power. 

Pleasant to me to see them after my labour and my distress, my mother 
beyond every lady, flowing on her cheek, it is no "great shame. 

1 88 BACcnA lilACAOinVAn-lOlAm 

tno -oeitibfiuts mvMC a eAjcofc, 

mo cion peACAinc a bAn-jlAC ; 
tno feAn-ACAt|i, cuif Aijnim, 

beix) "riA CAiT)i\eATTi i mbAjiAc. 160 

Oc A ^^lUAjAij An OileAin 

tno coibeini jtiATTi ni rriAoi-oim ; 

X)A jIAlb Atl CAt A]\ A|1 JCUmAf 

tno tunAf Ann \)A ViAOibinn. 


A n-xMCle nA lAO)t) pti T)© |\inneAT)^|i 50 T)i|\e-A(!: *\|\ An 
X)m^At). ^guf guf rhop "ooilje^f -An t^ioj, |:x^ilci5e,Af |\oirri .^n 
tnxit\cflti.A5 AnA^tmT), mA^ x)o innif .An inge^n x)6 foirhe fin 
5U|i tnA|ACfLuA5 cuiUirh Aguf cUv^]l^fCxMl iax). X)o 5;e^\ll ^\n 
|\i Ai tnb|\eit pein X)6it) t)o cionn cqa6z leif "oo CufA xin CAtA 1 5 
n-.A5.Ai-6 jAiog nA So\ytA 1A^]A n-.A tn^^x^]A*^(i Aguf "oo ce.An5lAt) .An 
conn|u\t) fin e.ACOf\cx\ ■Aguf tu5A'o*\|A CAifoe A.\nn o'n 

•OClU\f.^\fC.AL 50 bpiOff Al-Olf C1.A le ^AtAt> DUAlt) AU CaCa ^^5Uf 

50 bfeicfi"6 A^ bfeit)in fein ^i^au jcac. 

'Oo Caw fuxt) pfoinn .Aguf cotnx\lc*.\f ix\f.Atn .An oit)(ie fin, 10 
A^uy eifgiT) 50 moC x^|A n-A tnb.Af*^C x^guf ceA^nglxMX) x\ gciiifp 
1 r\-A gcAit-eiDe^t) -Aguf cotnUMnn A^uy 1 n-A n-e*.\f|u\t) 

CfOT)x.\ AgUf CA6*M|\, ^S^r SlUxMflT) 1 5CU1T)e.ACC.A An fioj A\\ 

.Atn<.\f x^n Cx\t.A ^gtif .An foflonsptiifC. 

Do lieA5fx\'6 A^uy "oo riofT)ui5e*\"6 An 6At eAro]\tA 50 15 
CA^t^fi-DA, A^uy "DO CuaMt!) 1 lAC^MH A n-iotnt!)u*Mlce Aguf 1 
n-ionxM)Aib cdtnCofiiuMle ^n cotnU\inn, .^Nguf cti5f.AC ff<\f.A 
f ip-neitiinex\Cxi fiof-t)f*^onACA^ ^^tif "oeabtA x)i*\nA •o.Af a.\Cca6[a\] 
•ooi-ex\-Of^nA •q'.a n-^ftn^Mt) 'DiobivAicte -oix^foile, x^5tJf tu5fA.\c 
.AJAit) *\f -Aj-Ai-O Aguf uCc fe tiuCc .Annfin, .Aguf fo $.At)f.c\c a^ 20 
oifle^e Aguf x^5 xic6um*\-0, x^5 lev\'u[bAT:)] ^Aguf <\5 Lex^■0|\x^■u x^ 
Ceile 5<\n coigilc gufb lotn-bxx ioU\|\t:).a annfin — e*^■66n l^oiC a^ 
A levx-of A-6, Aguf cu|\xMt)e .Af n-.A 5cnitn-5e*.\ffi.At), A^uy tniUt) 


Mv sister, good her appearance, my delight is looking on her white hand : 
my grandfather, a motive for cheerfulness, will he in friendliness to-morrow. 

() Champion of the Island, I never boast of my disgrace : were the battle 
in our power, my journey hither would be pleasant. 


At the end of that song they made straight for the dvvelHng, 
and though great was the sorrow of the king, he welcomed the 
unknown horsemen, as the lady had told him before that they 
were horsemen for hire and wages. The king promised them 
their own terms for coming with him to set the battle against 
the King of Sorcha on the morrow, and that contract was 
settled between them, and they gave a delay for the wages till 
they should know with whom should be the victory of the 
battle, and till he should see the service they themselves 
rendered in the battle. 

Then that night they consumed a meal and provision, and 
they rise early in the morning, and bind their bodies in their 
harness of battle and fighting, and in their equipment of 
warfare and combat, and go with the king to the battle and 
the camp. 

The battle was set in* order and arranged between them 
strongly (?),^ and they went towards their mutual beating, and 
the places of perfect evenness of conflict, and gave truly 
venomous, truly dropping showers, and long, wild, irresistible 
acts of strife with their shooting-arms at one another, and then 
they gave face to face and front to front, and took to destroying 
and confounding, beating and smiting one another without 
sparing, so that they were many and numerous — that is 
warriors beaten, fighters with mangled bones, soldiers greatly 

See c-acxxti"04 in Vocabulary. 

I90 oACunA riidc^oirh-An-iotAm 

liiotnt)v\ Ann ciii)\p A5 cliftniO|\nA'6 xxguf beoil ^5 blxif CA[AnA\6, 25- 
buinn ^5 b^nuj^vt) Ajuf f iiile ^5 fiAbji^xt). *Oo bi "oo t|Miinie 
*.\5tif ■D'v\it)t!)eile ^n iti^jAbCA eA.\cof\tA jiija be^A^ n^t fn^rh^i-o- 
if n-A cuitAp A|v n^^v fjAuiclmncib pol^ plx^nn|\u*Mt)e "oo t)i 1 ngle- 
AAnncxMb Aguf 1 n-iii|\iflib nA mijxx. 

m<\|A "DO conn.\i|\c inACAorh-An-1oLAM|A ^gtif 5p^^'<^5*'^^ •^^^ '^^ 
Oile^m fUM'Oe ^guf fliuAjrh-ApbAt) ^fv rhiiinnci|\ ^105 nA 
ScitiA fev\6n6ni An C.xt^, -oo loinneAi!) x\5Uf -oo ItixMtpeAfgA'b 
50 mop iv\T) A^uy tu^yAZ awa^ A\y An gcpo CAtA 1 n-^ p^ib |\i 
nA So\\dA. l^05<\r -\5wr beApcmje^f, CAf-A|^ -^5"r cpu^t)- 
Cfvoite^p rn.\Cv\oTti-An-1ol.\i|A ^n fie^rriAfv-gAt cex.\nn-6|\UAit) *oo o5 
bi 1 n-A U\itri ^sup ceApciiijeAf A^uy cux)ti[\omA)-seA\' 1 l^|\ 
uczA -vVgLif ii|\V)|\iiinne pioj nA So|aCa e, gup Cinp p^T) U\itrie 
lAoiC x)o Cionn n^ fteige CAp pAcLAib a •DpomA AmAd fu\|t. 
ScAnnpuigeAf Agtif f CAOileAf An c\\6 CAtA -oo bi 'n-A t)m6eAll : 
Ajtif -oiteAnnAf TTlACAOfh-An-1olAi|A An pi 1 bpiAt)nAif e a 40 
mumncipe pein Aguf TnAi-^eAp a^u\' tnoip-bpipeAf An CAt a\\ 
6loinn An pioj Aguf Ap 4 rhmnncip. 

lAp -DCiiiceAm An pioj pein in^p pin p65]\Ap tTlACAorh-An- 
lolAip cope -DO nu\pbAt) An cplUvVig, -A^up p up<dlAp bp^ij-oe *oo 
■OeAnAtii -oo tiiAitib n-A pLiiAg pin nA SopCA : Agup 'oo pinne^t) 45 
AfhlAit) pin leo. A^up 'OO ^Ab^t) mdippeipe^p m^c piog nA 
SopCA leo Agiip CLi5A"6 [1] gcuibpe-AC -Agup 1 gceAnjAl "oo 
tTlACAorh-An-1olAip ^A'o, Agup X)o CpumnigteAp nA pliuMj pin 
nA SciciA 50 inbuA'6-6opcAipc A-^uy cCrh-nu\oi"6ce 1 T)cim(ieAlt 
An pioj Agiip tTlACxioirii-An-1olAip, Agup ^a6 a]\ ^aX)AX)Ai[\ -oo 50 
triAitib nA Sop^A tec 1 lAirh. Agiip lAp gcup cpiCe "bCib a\\ 
An gCAt triAp pin, lAppAp tTlACAorh-An-lolAip a CuApApcAl a\[ An 

II0 pv\i"6 An pi pip ''Hi bptiil bpeit "oa ineiT) a beApAip 
optn-pA x^gup ingm a^ahi n^C bin!) leAC i, nuMlle pe tno Coil 55 


mutilated and youths utterly destroyed. Many bodies were 
there . . . and mouths smacking the lips, soles whitening, and 
eyes turning ghastly. From the weight and immensity of the 
slaughter between them the bodies were almost swimming in 
the river-pools of gore-red blood that were in the valleys and 
the hollows of the plain. 

When Eagle- Boy and the Champion of the Island saw the 
slaughtering host-slaying on the people of the King of Scythia 
throughout the battle, they flamed up and were greatly 
enraged, and went for the ring of warriors where was the King 
of Sorcha. Eagle- Boy brandishes and wields, twists and 
roughly shakes the hard-headed thick javelin that was in his 
hand, and he directs and adjusts it straight in the middle of 
the breast and very middle of the King of Sorcha, so that he 
put the length of a warrior's arm of the head of the spear out 
through the spinal ridges of his back. The ring of warriors 
that was round him scatters and separates ; and Eagle- Boy 
beheads the king in front of his own people, and defeats and 
routs the children of the king and his people. 

After the king himself fell thus. Eagle- Boy commands 
cessation of the slaughtering of the host, and orders hostages 
to be made of the nobles of those hosts of Sorcha : and it was 
so done by them. And seven sons of the King of Sorcha 
were taken by them, and they were brought in fetter and 
manacle to Eagle-Boy, and those hosts of Scythia collected 
with triumph in victory and mutual joy around the king and 
Eagle- Boy, and each one whom they had captured of the 
nobles of Sorcha in their hand. And after they had put an 
end to the battle thus, Eagle-Boy asks for his wages of the 

Said the king to him, " There are no terms, however great, 
that thou shalt impose on me and the daughter I have that will 
not be thine, with my good will." 

192 GACURA r}lACA0iril-vM1-10lA1U 

"If leo|\ liom-t^*.\ fin uaic," x\f 1TK\CAorri-xNn-1oLAi|\, " A^tif 
AzS fce^l t)e*\5 eile x\5Atn fe n-<\ innfinc ■ouic, a j^ig ^^uf a 
|\C-x\t^\i|i," A|\ ]H^. " Oif If tnife ^n rriAC ux) "oo rii^|\fAt) OfC- 
f^ 6 6u\tiAib, ^Ajuf if me *oo ]\ii5 ^n c-iolAf leif i n-A 6\\oX)A\X) 60 

"d' mjin-fe, A^uf if e x^n |\i liT) tuA Sof6A not T)0 tuic tiom 
•oo liiAft) tn' ACAif 1 tDfeiLl, -A^iif if ^5 An fij Aficuf 'oo 
holiest) me goninge fo." 

Cicociaaxc^^u fo mnif [a] eAcr^wx -A^uf imte-A6cA 6 tuf 50 
-oeifeAt) -oo 'n fig A^iif X)'a mgin Agtif "Oo ttiAitit) n^ Cfi6e 6 ^»^ 
fin -ahiaC. ^A\\ n-A Clof fin -oo 6ac 1 gcoitCeAnn, A^uf \a\\ 
mbfeit UA hA\tne f if innige Aif , if [f JuaiU nA6 X)1(:ua^ax>a\k b^f 
-oo 'n lutjAif , -Agtif if be^j n^f plCic^DAf "oo pogxMb e ; xx^uf 
bA rtio fo 6..\c lutjAif Au fioj f oiiiie. 

T)o Mff A'Dxxf A\nnfin a\\ An in6iffeifeA\f triAC fin ^n fij 'oo 70 
rhAfbxxt) 1 n-*oi05A.\iL An t)fOiC5niorhxA do finne a n-Atx\if. 

" \h -oeAnAt)," A\\ tn^c-Aorh-An-loLAif, " <3if ni fxMb ctiiT) no 
corhxMfle xxg An gcloinn "oo 'n bfeill "oo finne *\ n-AtAif, Aguf 
DO ttiic fe fein 1 n-A 'OfoiC-^niorh/' 

Ajiif bA lutt;^AifeAC An (ilAnn CfiD fin, A^iif zv^aX) nA 75 
niAice A\5Uf mof-UAifle An cfltiAi-;; cu6a do lAtAif, A^iif 
fUfAlAf niACAotri-An-1olAif fCAoileAt) do 'n riieiD a bi 
ceAn^Ailce do ha fLiiAijib fin iia SofCA. Aguf lAff Af clAnn 
^\n ]\n)t, A]\ 5f AfA DO DeAnArii ofCA fein, Aguf 50 tnbeiDif 
fo n-A bfeit fein 6 fin ahia^ a\\ feAt!) a f ao^aiI. 5*^^^M^ ^^ 
niACAom-An-lolAif fin do lAirii, Aguf C151D viile lAf pn 50 
DiinAD Aguf 50 DeAj-xXfnf fiog nA SciCia Aguf TTlACAorh-An- 
loLAif Agiif 5f"^5^^ ■^^i Oile^Ain 1 n-AOin-feA6c fiu. Cug 
6ui5e An beAgAn do bi Aige d' fingeAll An bAlfAim do bAin 
DO CLoinn 5^^'t^^ ^^^ "OolAif, Agtif do 6uif 1 gCfeACCAlb Agtlf 85 

1 5cneAt)Aib Cloinne fiog nA ScitiA 1, guf eifigeADAf 50 
fleAriiAin flAin-6feA(icAC do CmriACCAib "Oe A^uf nA bioc- 
flAince pn. 


" I think that enough from thee," said Eagle-Boy, " and I 
have another little story to tell thee, O king and grandfather," 
said he. " For I am that boy who was asked of thee a while 
ago, and it is I whom the eagle took with him in his claws from 
thy daughter, and it is yonder King of Sorcha who fell by me, 
that slew my father treacherously, and it is with King Arthur 
I have been brought up till now." 

However, he told his. adventures and progress from begin- 
ning to end to the king and to his daughter and to the nobles 
of the country thenceforth. When they heard all that in 
general, and had passed true recognition upon him, they 
all but died of joy, and they almost smothered him with 
kisses ; and among all, greatest was the joy of the king over 

Then they asked that those seven sons of the king should 
be slain in vengeance for the crime that their father did. 

" Not so," said Eagle- Boy, " for the children had no share 
or counsel in the treachery their father wrought, and he himself 
has fallen in his wickedness." 

And the children were joyful thereat, and the chiefs and 
nobles of the host were brought to their presence, and Eagle 
Boy commands all that were bound of those hosts of Sorcha 
to be loosened. And the children of the king ask for favour 
to be done them, and that they would be subject to him from 
that out all their life. Eagle- Boy undertakes that, and they all 
come after that to the dwelling and palace of the King of 
Scythia, and Eagle-Boy and the Champion of the Island 
together with them. He took the little he had of the leavings 
of the balsam he had seized from the children of Garbh son 
of Dolar, and put it in the wounds and hurts of the children 
of the King of Scythia, so that they rose smooth and with 
wounds fully healed by the powers of God and that balsam- 

194 GACciiA rhAcAOirh-An-iolAm 

Cio'bcfA^Cc no c6mm6\\At> plex\t) A^uy ):e^fCA f6 fiig nA 
ScitM t^e lutg^ip sAt neite x)' x\ trotitip-AmAtt ^S^r ^f^ -'^ 
xMtt)eo'6x\-0 ^ 6loitine. 1 scionn AtA^^6 t>'a eif fin, if i 
corh-AitMe A\y A]\ Cinn m-i\Cx^oiri-An-1ot-Aif, a iri^t^iti ^5Uf 
A •6eift)fiuf ^5iif 5^C x\|A rhxM|\ "oo fl«A$-Aib n^ SofC-A, 
Aguf cl-Ann *Mi f 105 "OO leige^Mi f oirhe "oo 'n cSof C^\ ; ^giif 6 
fein x\5Uf 5rw^5^<^ ^^"i Oile^in "oo f1llex^t) a\\ Cionn inline 95 
fviog n^ ri1nT)M x^5l1f a luinge 50 liOile^n xmi p ^fxMg. Aguf 
5At)xMT) A gce^T) uile A^ x\n |\i$ Aguf a^ mxMtit) ha SciCi-a, 
x^guf 111 ho^it|iifce.\f A n-imte^6cA 116 50 fi^ns^-o^f Oile-Ati ^n 
pifAij. Aguf u\f leijeAn a fcite Atin T)oit!), cuife^f 
tTlx\CAoiri-xMi-1olxMt\ xMi lon^ fin "oo t)i x^5 1x1*01^6 ^n Ciuit Aguf lOO 
fvoinn x)'a \\a\X) innce fie ^fUx^g^C An Oile.Ain A^uy le tunjin 
|\io$ riA liln-OM fioirhe 50 cfio^Ait) n^ Sof Ca : A^uy ^AX)Ay f^in 
A 6eAX) A-^ mA^t1X) Oile^\in An P-AfxMg, A^uy ni fof n6 coitin-Aitx 
"OO |\inne no 50 f^Ainij; 50 c^xt^if CAtnU\oi'De tn^f a f^Mb An 
fi Afcuf -Aguf Inje^n n^ pAUAt:)f^i5 tUitne xxguf ceA^Ut 105 
An t)uifo Cfuinn. 

inotA-f^ilcijexif tn^ite ^vgtif m6i\-u-Aifle x\n -oun^it) lACirh 
inACc\orii-xin-1oUifi, .Agvif fo j^t) An f\i ^5 fiA):|\ui$ Aguf ' 
-A5 fo6cxMn fce^lA TDe, Aguf innfe^f ITl^CAom-An-1olAi|\ [a] 
e^ccfA Ajuf itnteACcA fein 6 tuf 50 •De1t^eA^■6 t)6 Agiif -o'a iio 
oi"De, e^-Oon An Ui'oife'Out) wac tlioj PfAinnce ; Agtif bA fO|\- 
f AoilceAC 1AT) uile le clof nA fce^xl fin, A^uf -^aC buAit) "OO 
|\ii5-fAn ^ontiige fin. 

Adz teAnA 5At)Af a deATt a]\ n-A mt>A\\A6 Aguf fAgbAf 
lomComAifc beAtA Aguf fl^ince ^5 An |\i$ Aguf An zeA^lAC 116 
tnoif-fciAtriAC "DO rhnAib [^guf] -o' injeAnAib, -oo lAoC^ib 
Aguf -DO CujAA-OAit), Aguf fAgbAf An cuffAt ^5 An fi$, Aguf 
beifeAf A buime ciCe leif, eAX)6n injeAn lAflA CAftAAi5e An 
Scuif, Agtif ni liAitfifceAf a n-imteACcA n6 50 iiAngA-OAji 50 
•ounAt) Agtif 50 "oeA^-Aixuf Aguf 50 bAile bunAit) |\io$ nA 120 
SofCA ; mA|\ A t)f uAif A rriAtAtf Agiif a •Oeitibfiuf foitrie, Aguf 


However a feast and festival was convened by the King 
of Scythia for the joy ot everything we have mentioned and 
for the resurrection of his children. At the end of a space 
after that this is the resolution that Eagle-Boy made — to let 
his mother and sister and those who survived of the hosts of 
Sorcha, and the children of the king, precede him to Sorcha, 
and himself and the Champion of the Island to return for the 
daughter of the King of India and for his ship, to the Island 
of the Waste. And they all take their leave of the king and 
the nobles of Scythia, and their adventures are not related till 
they reached the Island of the Waste. And after laying aside 
their weariness there, Eagle- Boy sends the ship that the 
Knight of Music had, and part of what was in it, with the 
Champion of the Island and with the daughter of the King of 
India before him to the lands of Sorcha ; and himself takes 
leave of the nobles of the Island of the Waste, and no rest or 
stay did he make till he reached the castle of Camelot where 
were King Arthur and the Girl of the Grey Palfrey and the 
household of the Round Table. 

The chiefs and nobles of the dwelling give a hearty 
welcome to Eagle- Boy, and the king proceeds to ask and 
demand news of him, and Eagle- Boy tells his adventures and 
progress from beginning to end to him, and to his tutor, that 
is the Black Knight son of the King of France ; and right glad 
were they all at hearing that story and every victory he had 
gained till then. 

However he takes his leave on the morrow, and leaves a 
farewell of life and health with the king and the lovely house- 
hold of women and girls, of warriors and heroes, and leaves the 
canoe with the king ; and he takes his foster-mother with him, 
namely the daughter of the lord of Carraig an Scuir, and 
their adventures are not related till they reached the dwelling 
and palace and family steading of the King of Sorcha ; where 

196 GACURA rtlACAOir1l-Atl-10tA1R 

e^5l^if nv\ c\\^6e \:a n-A CofiMijA, -J.gup "oo toi|\t)|\e^X)A|\ utle 
•oo pOgAiti) triiltfe triio-(ixM|\e e. "Oo Ct\uitmi5ex\T)A|\ m^f\ ^n 
gce^'onA f 1^111 1 Agtif fxxoite, fe^n6i|\i'6e eAfpo^A •<^5«f 
ollAriiAin xNgiif x\oif 5-a6a ex^l^-OtiA 6 6eit|Ae ti-Ai|\'De ua C|Ai6e 125 
50 c6in-ileA.\tA\n Aguf tugiMU 5^if\m R105 "^avi 'Pfex\f^t)|\xi t)6 

A'oii5pA'OA|\ ca6 tiile Tt' xMte^fC x.\oinpiti n^|\li) lon^nn 
|:x\5.\il 1u^ |\io5x^Cc[x^] fin -oo-f.Nn xxguf T)o'n |\i5 a^ a |\^it) 
foitrie fin, exx'oon lliT)ife x\n J^TCi"^- Cio'6cf^Cc ttl5-fx^n 130 
cLv\nn RiT)ife An ^Aifcit) 611156 A-^uy tug fOfbA ^\5Uf 
fine^6^f 'oCit), -<^5tlf tug inge^n ^A^lA CA^\\A^^e An Scuifi 
inA.\f rhn^\oi -oo 'n mAc t)U"6 fine *do 'n Cloinn fin. 

A6c Ce-An^A "oo X)^ An fi 65 fin ^gtif m^Mte xx^tif m6f\- 
iiAifle cf iCe n^ Sof C^x ^^5 cxMtexMti fleit)e A^uy f^-AfCxx -Agtjf 135 
^5 -oex-NnAiri bxMnnfe 1 fiiojA^c nA Sof6A A^uy 1 fCi-tije^fn-Af 
x\n fiog 50 ce^nn miof a ; x^5t1f e^fpo^AN, f^oiCe A^uy ffuite 
nA So\\6a a^ munAt) Agtif x^5 tnoif-ceA5x\fc tTlACx^Oln^-x^n- 
loUAifi tnn 5^6 nitb bwO t)iof xxguf but) "61156 'oo pig A5tif "Oo 
tige^fnA -DO "oeANnAtri ff if An \\e fin ; A^uy "oo bi fe fein ^5 uo 
fcitifAt) A5iif A5 foll<Mrinu5A'0 tfiCe nA So\\6a X)o |\eif 
ceA5Aifc CAic Aif fe fe^t) a fe A5tif [a] Aimfife 6 fin AtnAt. 

A5tif fU5 inge^n fiog n<\ liln-oiA cU\nn rh6f rtiAit 
rhACAncA rhAifeAt "oo 'n fig 65 fin, A5tif bA tiiAt) bA tioi5fit)e 
•oifle •oionsrhAlA Aif fein A5tif Af An rSoytA 50 coitCe^nn 145 
6 fin AtriAt 1 n-'oiAi'O a t)Aif . 

5ufAt) 1 fin e^CcfA A5Uf imcev\6cA IDACAoitfi-An-lolAif, 
A5iif feilleRi'Dife An 5'Airci"^ ■^^f ^^ •OeAfbfACAif fein, 5onui5e 


he found his mother and his sister before him, and the church 
of the country awaiting him, and they all gave him sweet and 
friendly kisses. Likewise the clerks and scholars, seniors, 
bishops and learned men and people of every kind of know- 
ledge from the four quarters of the country far and wide were 
collected and gave him the name of King Without Opposition. 

They all said with the speech of one man that his getting 
that kingdom was not the same as the king's whom they had 
before, that is, the Knight of Prowess. However, he brought 
the children of the Knight of Prowess to him, and gave them 
land and inheritance, and gave the daughter of the Lord of the 
Carraig an Scuir as a wife to the eldest of those children. 

However, the young king and the chiefs and nobles of the 
land of Sorcha were consuming feast and festival, and making 
the wedding-feast in the Kingdom of Sorcha and in the lord- 
ship of the king to the end of a month ; and the bishops, 
sages, and clerks of Sorcha were instructing and teaching 
Eagle- Boy in everything that was meet and lawful for a king 
and a lord to do during that time ; and he was steering and 
governing the land of Sorcha according to the teaching he had 
of them all, for his whole life and time thenceforward. 

And the daughter of the King of India bore a large, good, 
fine, beautiful family to that young king, and they were faith- 
ful, fitting heirs to himself and to Sorcha in general thencefor- 
ward, after his death. 

So that those are the adventures and progress of Eagle- 
Boy, and the treachery which the Knight of Prowess wrought 
on his own brother, down to that. 

[Note — By an oversight not detected till too late, an unfortunate lapsus 
calami, ceAtiA for ceAn<?k, has been allowed to stand uncorrected in two or three 
places. On p. io6, line 239, for ftiAll read fUAitl, and alter the corresponding 
translation to •' there all but came symptoms . . . to the queen." On p, 128, 
line 168, for ax; read a^i ; line 172, read UAfAt ajuj^ A.px>-■plA^i ; line 178 read 
-fciAtriAc]. • A i^ 


>f words occurring in the foregoing tales not contained in Dinneen's Irish 
Dictionary, or having meanings different from those there given. 

Acuill, an eagle (Latin aquila). 

AjtiAim, to challenge, plead. - 

Ai-otTiitleA-o, destruction, ruin. 

AijeAt), punishment. 

AigneA-o, see Dinneen, s.v. Aisne. 

AiljeAn, soft. 

^AitteASATi, a plaything, jewel. 

-Aimt^ix), barren. 

-Ainb|teAC, an unjust sentence. 

-Ai|fD-ceATinAc, high-headed. 

^itix)-eAccttA, a high or lofty adven- 

^it\-o-eA5lAif,a high church, cathedral. 
4i|i-o-leAf U5A-6, lofty education. 
^i1iTJ-leAfui?;im, to educate loftily. 
^i|A-o-tTieA|iu5AT), high confusion. 
-AijAm-jeAjitiA-o, arm [wenpon]-loppiug. 
-iftiUfi-o, a veteran. 
AifCBAti, labour, trouble. 
AicceAX), begging. 
■AiteAfC, an answer ; in Eagle-Boy 

(Chap. IV, beginning) a gift. 
-All ; peAcc n-A, on another occasion. 
-AllAn, pains (?). 
AllAn, wildness. 
AllcAC, strange. 

Almf a', see Dinneen s.v. Almf Ain. 
Alc-CAom, with fair joints. 
AmAf, in prepositional phrase a|i ArriAf 

" towards." 
AmulcAc, beardless. 
Annf A ( = Annf AcC.Dlnneen) a darling. 
x3kOir»-beAl. one mouth. 
Aoin-lei5eAf, one healing. 
Aoin-meinn, one mind. 
*\on-t)uille, a single stroke. 
<3kon-cotTiAinle, one counsel. 
•Aon-jt^AX), an only love. 
Aon-TTiAC, an only son. 
Aon-mACAOtri, an only child. 
■AoncumA-6, marriageable. 
Aon-UAij, one common grave. 
x3kon-u|tcAit, one shot, 
xif bOf, an arbour. 
Att-o-ctiAnn, a lofty mast. 

-<5|fo-Aip|ieAnn, High Mass. 

AjimAp, arms [weapons]. 

Ajioile, one another, the other 

.AcAiX), a while. 
.AccumAX), confusing. 

t)Aill-5eAl, white limbed. 

bAin-tijeAjinA, a lady. 

t)AnAif, a wedding feast. 

bAti-OAlA, women. 

bAncttAcc, female company, harim, 

bAtiuJAT), act of whitening. 

t)A|ttt-cviit)eAf AC, neat-topped. 

bAtit^-jeAl, white-topped. 

t)Af ctiAfin, a knocker (of a door). 

t)eA5-bui-6eAn, a small troop. 

t)eAl-co|tcttA, purple-mouthed, red- 

beAl-pAobjiAc, edge-mouthed. "^ 
beAlfCAlAn, a booth (in M'Gorman's 

MS. always bcAlfCACAn). 
beAnsAriAC, branching, 
be Ann AC, gabled. 
beAtin-cofiti, crooked topped. 
beil-if eAl, low mouthed, 
beo-f CAtA-6, active pruning, 
beo tonnAc, having living waves. 
binn-JAbAil, melodiously rendering, 

throwing out. 
biot-bo|ib, ever rough, violent. 
biot-5A|ib, ever rough. 
biot-ut'lAtri, ever quick. 
blAC-b|iA5Aix)eAC, having a smooth 

blAt-ui|i, the smooth sod. 
bo-ob, Bodhbh, the war-goddess. 
botib-btii At Aji, a rough word. 
bt^Aijijim, I make captive. 
btiACATTiAil, doom-like, destructive. 
b|teAC-fviinneo5A6, with variegated 

bjieAr, a struggle, effort, 
bfeit), a sail. 
btiiAtAn-dti"i"", exactly worded. 



buAX)AiTiAit, victorioTis-like. 

t)UA-D-cofCAi|tc, victory, triumph, 

buAiTi-tioT)lAicteAc [p. <^0]. blow- 

t)vjAin-tiox)lAicteA6 [p. 178]. ever giv- 
ing, ever bountiful, 

buAti-fCAOileAX), long scattering, 

buAnwJAT), act of lengthening. 

buin-jeAnmntji-oe, of modest founda- 

buin-leACAn, broad based. 

buriAX), origin ; btioix» buriAix), capti- 
vity outright. 

bun-|iATriA|i, broad, thick based. 

CAim-in^neAC, of crooked nails. 

CAi|ix)ionAlr:A, belonging to a Car- 

CAriAT), act of singing, sounding. 

CAntiAc, handsome. 

CAoitTi-injeAn, a fair girl, 

CAOTTi-AtAinr), fair and beautiful, 

CAOTii-c|itjtAc, beautiful-formed, 

CaotVi-Ia, a fair, beautiful day. 

CAfA-oitAT), friendship, amity. 

CAf, a cause. riAfi CAf teip, he did 
not murmur at. 

CAtA|AX)A, civil, CAt c, civil war.* 

CeAccAti-OA, each of two,, both, 

CeAnn-AtAinr), with beautiful head. 

CeAnn-c|tUAix), hard-headed. 

CeAnn-JA|ib, rough-headed, 

CeAnn-triutlAC, the top of the head, 

CeAjic-AJAi'o, the " very face," 1 n-A c. 
right against him. 

CeAtic-bAttAC, straight-limbed, 

CeAtAii-uilleAtiriAc, having four 

CiTin-beA5, with small head. 

Cinn-pionn, white-headed. 

Cioc-b|tAonnAc, shower-dewy, 

CliAC, a battle. 

CtifmioiinAX), , , , ? 

Cloc-blAir, smooth-stoned. 

Cloc-buA-oAc, jewelled. 

CltiAip-beA5, with little ears. 

Clumuijim, I prune (feathers). 

CneAf-Aluinn, of beautiful skin. 

Cneip-5eA|ittA-6, skin cutting. 

CnuAf, nuts. 

CnuAf AC, treasure. 

Co5«f, a concavity, 

CoigeA-OAl, melody, music. 

Coi5itt, a thought, secret. 

Coil5-"6i|ieAC, straight bladed 

Coinp-cioc, curved breast. 

Coip-eAT)cnom, light-footed. 

ConiAiT), partnership. 

CorricoftriAil, similar. 

Compof AX), a truce. 

ConijluAiiieAcc, united brightness. 

CotrirholAX), act of congratulation. 

Corivn-AoinpeAcc, all at one time 

ConAc, "so that not" ( = 5onAc), 

CoriAij, successful (^see Diuueen, s.v., 

ConnAiT)e, crafty. 

Co|t-|i-iiiiol,r65, a gnat, 

C-pAnnoj;, a mast. 

CiiAOf-pofluijte, open -throated, gap- 

C|iob-neAnctriA|t, strong handed. 

Ctio-pAijifirij, wide-socketed. 

Ciiom-ceAnriAc, crooked-headed. 

CtitiAX)-cAfCA, roughly intermingled. 

C|itiA-6-corTittAC, a rough battle. 

CjiUA-o-cjiotAim, I roughly shake. 

CiiuA-6-cviib|ii5ce, in hai-d slavery. 

Ci^uATO-ninneAC, with hard point. 

C|iuinn-fMublAc, straightly, accurately 

Ciuic-t;|tAnriA, of tigly shape. 

CuAjiruJA-o, act of visiting, 

Cu-ocjiomAijim, I bias, gravitate. 

Cuipp-peAn5, of slender body. 

Cul-^ATTiA^i, broad backed, thick 

CuplAO-oAc. provided Avith a cupola. 

"DAin^ne, firmness [see Dinneen, s. v., 

"OAt-AlAinn, of beautiful colour, 
■OeAJ-Apuf, a good house, palace. 
"OeAJ bAile, a good town, steading, 
"OeAJ-cnoi-oe, generosity. 
'DeAJ-'oeAnmnAC, well-made, 
"OeAJ-i^uAJAil, good sewing. 
"OeAJ-pvilAtij. good i)atience, 
"OeAJ-iniA-o, good and new, fresh (as 

e])ithet for an eye). 
"OeAj-UAlAc, a good load. 
"OeAnb-coTiroAlcA, a foster-brother. 
•OeApj-lAftiAC, red flaming. 
*OeA|uiiAi|i, excessive, 
"Oei-oeAC, submissive, 
"Oeif-ipeAc, hasty. Also different (?). 
"Oeis-leiseAnn, learning. 

* This sense, liowever, will not suit the context of Eagle-Boy, x, 16. The 
word here is perhai)8 from caca|i, "strong " (?). See Meyer Contributions .s,v. 



"Oeij-leim, a good leap. 

"Oeij-tTieiTieAriiAit, graceful. 

■Oei|ib-fiuti, a sister. 

'DiAn--oAf ACCAC, vehement. 

"OiAf-pATjA, long-poiiited, furious. 

"OiojftAf, difference. 

"Oiojt^Aif, excellent. 

■OiolAitfiiviJAT), act of destroying 

"OionstTiAlA, an equal, match (pro- 
perly genitive of X)ion5niAil, which 
see in Dinneen). 

X)io|i, meet, right, proper. 

"OiopcAji-flviAJ, rabble. 

"Oioc-toclAi-oe, which cannot be dug 

"Oijieimte, innumerable. 

*Olut-5tAn, close and clear. 

"OobAiji-neAlt, an obscure cloud. 

*Oo-eolAif, hard to know (properly 
gen. of -oo-eolAf, difficult know- 

"Oo-pAfcuijce, unrestrained. 

"Oo-futAnj, insufferable. 

"Ooi-pjieAfCAtrA, destructive. 

"Ooijiji, flame. 

"Donn-btiAonAc, brown-dropped. 

"OiieAc-jeAt, of white countenance 

"D^eAc-f olAf, of bright face. 

■DjtitlineAc, sparkling. 

"Ofioc-fmuAineAT), an evil thought. 

"Oiioc-tubAifceAc, unlucky. 

'0|ioic-t)»A-6AC, ill-nurtured. 

"Diioic-biieir, an evil fate, doom. 

■Dfoic-inneAtt, bad equipment. 

'Otioic-innfcne, evil talk. 

"Dtioic-iTieifneAc, want of courage. 

X)\\vczmA\\, dewy. 

*0|iuin, embroidery. 

"OuileAt, elemental. 

•OtiriAX), a camp, dwelling. 

eA-oA|it)uif eAc, lofty, whirling aloft. 
eA-oAfifCAinim, I separate, divide. 
^AjcAoineA-o, act of lamenting. 
6A5cofc, appearance. 
eimeA-o, a cry, call. 
eineAiiiAit, bird-like. 
eocA|t-5Ai|inieAc, with noisy border. 

^ACCAin, act of asking. [pAcc. 

■pAtAbjiAi-o, a palfrey. 
j:AtcriiA|i, flood-like. 
^AttfiAc, a palfrey ( = pAlAt)|iAi-6). 
■peA-oJAiti, whistling. 

peA-om-tAiToiti, serviceably strong. 
peAjtriAf . 1 by., not counting. 
i?eA|t-tionriiA|i, full of grass. 
■peA|i-TiuACA|i, a husband, spouse. 
peA-fi-ostAC, a warrior. 
•peitli«5A-6,actof doing treacherously. 
^61 1, a calm. 

•peol-fCAOileA-o, flesh-cutting. 
■piAnn-copcAU, a warrior-battue, 
■pionboc, a booth. 

pionnf AX), hair ; used of human hair 
(contrary to Dinneen, s.v., pionn- 


•pioH-Aix>beil, truly vast. 
p'oti-bjiAonAc, truly dropping. 
-pioii-tAi-oiii, truly strong. 
p'ofi-lAoccA, truly heroic 
j:i|t-eolAc, very learned. 
■pi'ti-jeAmriAc, truly gemmed, 
pi'ti-pluic, truly wet. 
piji-jeAt, truly white. 
p'ti-neimneAC, very venomous, sore, 

•piH-teA5Af c, true teaching, directing. 
■pi|i, a sage. 

■plAnn-tttiAX), sanguinary red. 
■p6x)-5lAf , green sodded, 
poiit--6eA]ifcnA, very polished. 
■pollvtf-slAn, brightly clear. 
|:otrio|i, poriiotiAC, a pii-ate. 
■poficjiAix), rising. 
■potipAoilceAC, right glad [at seeing a 

■poll, upon. 
popAC, washing, 
pofCAitc, act of opening. 
■ptiCAfAbttA, opposition. 
Pfii, against, towards, 
■ppiitib. 1 bp. nAfio|tmAmeince, " in 

the expanse of the Armament " 

(I.T.S.. vol. I). 
■puAtiAdAti, watchful, 
■puinnim, to stop, rest, set [sun]. 

5ACA troif eAC, straight, directly. 
SAifib-beimeAnriAc, rough smiting. 
5AitieAccAc, laughing. 
gAlAfin, an enemy. 
g'eAti-CAOineAT), sharp wailing. 
SeAji-coiTiseAllAC, of sharp condition. 
geAH-compATiAC, a sharp [steadfast] 

5ein, long ; An 5., while. 
geitieAiiAicA, general. 
5eitt-eolAC, sharp-knowing. 
5eitt-eolAf, sharp knowledge. 
j;i«fCAireAC, a justice. 



glAc-ivM-Din, of stronjr grasp. 
5tAn-A5<.\iT), a fair face. 
5lAti-AiH5eA-o, clear silver. 
5lAn-Al<Mnn, clear and beautiful. 
5lAn-loinneAtix)A, clear and glorious. 
5lAn-|iAc, clear, good fortune. 
J^lAn-folApcA, clearly radiant. 
griACAr, experience, custom. 
5neA-5tiAtinA, horrible sha])ed. 
gniorriAcrAC, active. 
gniorii-AUX), of lofty deeds. 
gnuif-AlAinn, of fair face. 
5tiuir-x)eA]i3, re<l faced. 
^nuif-jeAL, white faced. 
5ob-cAol, narrow mouthed. 
5o|iTn-f uinneojAC, blue windowed. 
g-fiAf A, favour {see Dinneen, s.v. 5PAf ). 
glieADAc, irritating. 
5tieApAcc, inciting; barking (of dogs). 
5tiiTinli jim, I take care of, tend (?). 
5fOi"o-beimeAnnAc, swiftly smiting. 
5|iuAT)-coiictiA, ruddy cheeked. 
5uAlAi|te, shoulder piece. 
Suc-binn^ of tuneful voice. 

lAHAnn-JAtib, rough as iron. 
lApcAin, afterwards. 
lAfc-ion^AtiCAc, wonderful with fish, 
ll-JlieAf , all manner of trappings (of 

embroidery, Dinneen). 
Im-oeAJAil, protection, guarding. 
ItTTOibe, cut, act of cutting. 
ImilL-teACAn, broad bordered. 
Inceile, marriageable 
InjeAu-cpuinn, having round hoofs. 
Imp, distress, misery. 
1n-|ii, fit to be a king. 
lotApAn, an eaglet. 
1ol-btiAix), many a victory. 
1oI-co5aiii, all kinds of help. 
lol-tuAc, every territory. 
lomAll-blAit, smooth-bordered. 
1om-blAic, very fair. 
lomcomAipc, a farewell. 
lompAlAc, having protection all roimd. 
lomjjiAf A, manifold favour, grace. 
lomtAriAX), completion. 
loncomoprAf, comparable, 
loncumje, marriageal)le. 
lonnup, in order that, 
lonnuf, mode, manner. 
lonclAp, ingenious. 
lubpAc, a wooden vessel. 

Iacc (?= luce). A family (O'Reilly). 
tAin-rheAnmA, cheerfulness. 
tAn-AixibpeAC, fully huge. 

tAti-coppAc, fully unstable, 

tAU-pojlunicA, fully learned 

tAn-tAi-oin, full-strong. 

tAn-poillpe, full light. 

tAn-CApAi-6, fully dexterous, 

tAoi-oeAX), act of praising in -^ong, 

LcAT), act of beating, 

teA-OApcAC, mangling. 


teAtAn-tijeApriAf, broad lordship. 

Leip-tion6lcA, closely assembled. 

LiAc-TTionjAc, grey-haired. 

Lij-jeAt, white complexioned. 

tioj, handsome, becoming. 

toinneACAf, joy, gladness, 

toinnim, I flame up. 

topj, trace, track ; i I. a cinn, head 

topgAipeAccAn, a track. 

tuAit-peAp5Aim, to be hastily enraged, 
fly into a passion, 

tuAc-cu, a swift dog. 

tviAc-lonnuijim, to get into a vehe- 
ment passion. 

tu^A, smaller. 

Luib, a kind of game. 

-m-, infixed pronoun 1st person singu- 
lar ; po-m-teA^Apc, " taught me." 

rriAijneAp, a field. 

rriAi-oim, I break ; m. a|i, I break [a 
battle] upon, defeat. 

triAitje, eyelid. 

rriAipeAT), verily, in truth. 

triAll-popcAc, with modest eye. 

triAot-Aimf eAp, " tender time," youth. 

triAot-fpoi, fine silk. 

tneAX)Ap, merry, delightful. 

tneAX)Ap-cAOin, festive. 

rneACAcc, weakness. 

Tneip-leAbAip, pliant-fingered. 

tneifceAC, drunken. 

ini-AijneATTi, depression. 

inf-tiieAnmA, downheartedness. 

tnitv6eAnmAi"6e, of fine materials. 

tnin-peACAinc, closely examining. 

mio-lAbAipc, evil-speaking. 

tnio-lAOcCAcr, cowardice. 

mion-blAite, gentle smoothness. 

mionn-pAnnpuJAX), act of searching 

tnoip-bpipim, I greatly break, win 

moip-eA-oAil, great plunder. 

moip-eolAc, very learned. 

m6ip-eAfbAi-6, a great loss. 

moip-peAll, great treachery. 



m6iti-peAtiSAim, I become {xreatly 

m6ift-TTiio|tbAil, a great miracle. 
tn6iji-fci<Mii^c, great and lovely. 
tnoiji-ceAJixxc, a great household. 
tlloiti-reAfCAX), greatly hacked. 
tn6i|t-ceicex\rri, great flight. 
tn6tt-A"6t)At, huge. 
fnoti-Ai-obeil, immense. 
in6ft-Ai5ne, intellect. 
tT>6|i-AnpAX)<\c, very stormy. 
tYl6|i-cAi|i-oeATT)Ail, very friendly. 
tn6tt-coTTi|iAC, a great battle. 
tn6|i-pAitci5im, to greatly welcome 

(jioitTi, of person welcomed). 
mott-triAiteAf, Aveal, goodness. 
m6n-tuifife, great sorrow. 
tYl6|i-u<if aI, highly noble. 
IDuilceAf, mulct, revenge. 
tTluijii-6e, marine. 

riAotri-tAlAtii, the vSacred Land 

neAtii-AiiiiAccAc, impotent. 

tleAm-tAttriAncA, unearthly. 

neitri-cinnce, ungrudging. " 

t1eiTri-ioncom6|iCAf, incomparable. 

t1eitTi-rhei|tbce, umveakened, unremit- 

t1uAT)-cuin5, a new yoke. 

11«Ai-t)-iniirinc, newly telling. 

n«Atl-5Ai|i, outcry. 

OcAn, alas ! Used in a poetical pas- 
sage as a substantive, ''sorrow." 

0$-lAr)ATriAin, a young couple. 

Oiti-ciUTTipAc, gold hemmed. 

OmifeAm, act of stopping. 

6|i--6ui|in, golden-hilted Q'fM. of 6p- 
Tjopti, a golden hilt). 

6\\-yotvAC, golden-haired. 

Op-fnAtAC, golden -threaded. 

PtteAfAncA, a present. 

Pfitii-6eAniipo|tc, a chief man. 

PHim-peAfCA, a chief feast. 

Ptiiotfi-cotiiAitileAc, a chief counsel- 

Ptiiom-LAOc, a chief warrior, cham- 

PtionriAT), act of consuming. 

JlAfin, bright. 
Uac, a contract. 
UeAniA|t-5At, a thick javelin. 

tlei-oeAX), act of reconciling. 
tli's-mileAX), a royal hero. 
UiojjAn, a queen. 
flio5-cui|ic, a royal court. 
Rios-jIac, a royal hand, royal grasp. 
nionn-jlAn, very clear. 
•ri6-Ainb]:eAf AC, very ignorant. 
no-Atiti^ccAc, very powerful. 
R6-■&tA^\\, a grandfather. 
n6-c|iUA-D, very severe, 
tloicim, I reach ; |\oicix) teif mo 

cofriAtii, he can helj) me. 
noi-|iei-6, quite finishe*!. 
noifc-leACAr), with wide eyes, large 

Uo-tTiAifeAc, very beautiful. 
Ro-nAitt, a great shame. 

SAit, guardianship. 
SAimeAc, pleasurable. 
SAob-«Aine, a foolish union. 
SAH-btiA-oAc, very victorious. 
SA|i-cAtTitA, very bent. 
Saji-cotjIat), a great sleep. 
SA|t-piAX)Ac, a great hunting. 
SA|i-iuAr, very swift 
ScAic, the finest of the flax (O'lleilly). 
SCApAC, squandering, ungrudging. _j 
SciomAlcAcc, neatness, 
ScuAb-leAbAiji, pliant tailed, 
Sein^-tieAfhAfi, slender, 
SeAiib-jLAti, rough and clear. 
SeAjib-jlAf, bitter and green. 
SeAfAim, I stand. 
SeAfCAti, a hunter's cry. 
SirufceAji, a window. 
Si05AiT)eAcr, uncanniness, goblin 

Sioti-A"6bAl, ever immense. 
Sioti-AiT)beil, long and rapid. 
S^o|i-.5AbAit, ever rendering [psalms]. 
Sioti-Jt^AX), lasting affection. 
Siot-FA-OA, very long. 
Siti-x)eoifi-FeAt<CAin, long raining of 

Sit-bionn-jiA-o, the act of continuously 

saying tuneful things. 
SiteA-6, a bending. 
SireAt, a bowl. 

Sit-jteAf, long preparing, fashioning. 
Sit-jni-oeAcc, doing lasting deeds. 
Sit-|ii5itn, ever tough. 
SlAin-ctieACCAc, with wounds healed. 
Stiof-blAit, smooth sided. 
SluAJ-tTiAttbA-o, host-slaying. 
SmAil-ireAl, insignificant. 



SmiojiAgAn, "little man"' (term of 

affection to a child). 
SriAit-jeAl, white threaded. 
So-AijeAncA, of good intellect. 
So-t)|i6nAc, pleased. 
Soice, 50 f, until. 
Soi-irieAnmnAC, high s])irited. 
SoIat), profit. 
So-lAtiiAC, very dexterous. 
SotAf-cAOirii, bright and fair. 
So-riAin, noble. 
Sp|iuilteAC, fragmentary ci-umbs, 

Snuic-tiontTiA-ti, full flooded 
SceAt), a steed. In Dinneen m. i>ut 

here treated as /. 
ScuAi-6leAp5, an arched ex]>ause. 
Sup. a search, enquiry. 

Ca-oaII, act of visiting. 

UApAb-oA (cApbT)A) bull-Iikc. 

Ceinnui-oe, fiery. 

CinceAC, a scabbard. A\- a tincij 
bo-obA, (compare intcch Bodba in 
Tain Bo Cuaibige and Cath Rviis 
na Righ). 

CionncAipe, a requisite. 

Cipim-glAn, dry and pure. 

Ciuj-f obAipc, thick onset. 

CocAiteAm,act of spending. 

Coin^im, I swear. 

CojtcpA. act of slaying. 
CpeAbAp-topcAC, strong and fruitful. 
CpeAn-bAulAC, a strong, powerful 

CpeAn-triAttAccAC, strongly accursed. 
CpeAn-cojcA, strongly exalted. 
CpeAf, a thirst. 

CpeAf-triApcAi-oeAct:, strong riding. 
CpeAUAn, the stormy sea ; hence " an 

onrush" (compare Tain Bo Cuailnge 

ed. Windisch, p. 490). 
CpiAtTiuineAc, sorrowful. 
Upic-iompuAT), nickering around red. 
Cpi-peApf AriAC, having three persons. 
CpiteAir)-p«A-6, flickering red. 
Cpoim-'oio^AlrAc, heavily vindictive. 
Cpoim-neiTTieAlA, heavy sorroAv. 
Cuillim, to fit, find room. 
CuipnnJe, a servant. 
Cui-bopb, sudden and rough. 
Cup. a tower. 
CupjriATri, pre])aration, 

llbAill-meAll, an "apple-knoh," 

mace head. 
Ucc-leACAn, broad breasted. 
tli]t-cimceAVt, 1 n-A u., all around him. 
Up, an edge, 
tip-bponn, the very breast, middle of 

llp-pAippifi5. very wide. 


iCiuing ths originul readings of the McGorman MS. in the principal places 
where these have been departed from). 

eACctiA AH rhA'OfiA ttu\oii. 

I. 2 te King Ajicun [always]; 2, ANTnb)tof ; 3 ttiaj ; 5 f irp6i-oe ; 
6 triuincitt; 8 gnioriieAccAC ■; 10 ciao-oacc, bscS-oAcc ; 15 l-[i.e., vel} no 
oiiipi"oe; 16 f uigeAX) i -oo f|iiAnAx) An cpeilj ; 17 ■ooijipeAJAib ; 18 pApAi-o; 
20 coiltd CAOitiie; 23 tAittiCACA; 25 A|tiATn [always]; 26-29 te [for |ie] 
throughout; 29 bpeAttbpiA-OAc, tijCAn ; 31 bA-OAH [always], neoil ; 
32 AiTiA'OA|i ; 34 co-otACA ; 35 finn ; 36 AnA'DAjiCA; 42, 44 neijijeAX) ; 
44-45 Aije comofA-o ; 48 coittce ;49 beAtfSACAin [always]; 50 -fAobfiAc, 
fSeAnA ; 51 t'inn, 53 bAi|i|i, 57 -oeocA ; 62 jeAlcneAf a ; 65 cAnjAc ; 
66 tuijiij ; 67 liAf at) ; 71 ctoi-oiotri ; 91 ccleit, AnuAiji te ; 94 niu|i ; 
95 io|i5«tA ; 100 triAC. pjiAnc ; 105 Tjib^iice; 106 ci'ofteAC, cctoi-omte ; 
108 cftoit t^e CACA ; 110 Ainigix) ; 113 ccopA ; 120 cftiocA ; 123 fmn ; 
126 -ooAiume ; 127 su^i ; 129 no mACAm ; 132 -ooitve ; 136 -oun : 151 -oit 
jtiAiT) ; 153 |io"DiAn locAin ; 155 -orujtAf a Viahhi i heiT)eA-6 ; 161 e ; 
167 -oeAnAiT) ; 177 tTlAJ ; 178 Cojcbup; 182 benrjAnAc ; 188 tioine ; 
211 uAt 1 nA AonAjt ; 217 infijeAf; 221 •oitceAnnuJAX) ; 224 hionc 
coTri|iAC ; 227 CT)potA, bpAicteAfA ; 233 6t ; 234 noccAi-o ; 237 eAfccA|iAi-o ; 
240 5Aifcix)e ; 251 niAi-one mAptAC ; 254 n-oigeotAm ; 255 pitteA-oA|i, 
■oiieime [written thnime] ; 261 fosriieAnmnAch ; 279 fUAicnij piubtAC ; 
280 A JAOC ; 284 -oitionnA ; 288 cttiocA ; 289 -Ai-obte ; 290 mbtAt miot. 

II. 2 noix)ce [written Oce], fiAe ; 4 it) conAttc ; 10 JAinirii-oe ; 20 tAn- 
tiiAipeAc, p5AinAiT)ib ; 32 ctoip ; 33 piteA-6 ; 34 cime ; 48 pAgb pe ; 
49 ceiceA-6 ; 50 puicpeA-opA; 60 ujitom Ai5e ; 76 cpAoiteA-6 ; 86 -oiiAoi-oeAcc ; 
91 teopT)otcAin bi-oe ; 96 huAtricA (but huAitiA elsewhere) ; 101 biAt) ; 
lOo -ooitis ; 111 teipci, cjioiteAp ; 115 Abtc ; 116 eijin ; 117 pocteim ; 
119 ceAt ; 127 uAmuin ; 131 AbtAC ; 141 pippe. 

III. 6 AbtAc ; 7 mbAnccioc toip^e ; 9 -opAoiJAccA ; 10 -oAchAi-o ; 
13 npiACA ; 23 x)pAi5beAX)A|i. 

IV. 16 im5i-6pi ; 20 Aptjoij pmn ; 21 puijteACACipA muij i bjiAcc 
■opAOijeACC ; 24 bei-om ; 34 coiripAC ; 39 Anoitt ; 53 bpjticins. 

V. 8 Ci|i ; 13 compAin ; 30 -cpocA; 33 Aige x)AtrA ; 40 AT^oijpib ; 
43 oi5tii"6ib ; 44 50 mpcApn 5 ^^ ^o'St^iS'^ ! 49 A15 ; 54 -oo biA-6 te nA mAC 
pein no te 5AC ; 60, etc. 5iteu5 ; 75 -rriAipeAC ; 75 ccutAijeACA ; 
86 tA ; 88 p|iAnc; 93 pijte ; 94 bpt^Aince ; 95 tAnpotuip; 100 5 ccon 
nAtcA ; 101 pAJA; 100 oipbeAttc ; 111 a ninniA; 116 tionpjjAnAitJmAp ; 
122 -oeASCAome AnuipeApbhuijte ; 134 eotJAc ; 140 meApccAjiAi-o ; 
141 pu^icAcc ; 142 -oeipji-o ; 144 oiticiop; 145 rjiocJAitc ; 146 ruj;Am ; 
153 bA-OAp ; 154 popptAX) ; 166 hoimj 1 t>o CvMp-oe. 1 mnip ; 170 imjix) ; 
186 1 CAinig ; 188 poipcim ; 193 piceA-6 ; 196 ptoijce ; 211 tAije ; 
219 pjjeAtA ; 220 beApuinn -oibpi ; 224 xjoi^che. 

VI. 29 bpiopAmpi ; 30 pAcpA ; 36 cpeAxi pAp ; 43 oi-opecc ; 50 eipinn ; 
61 beATccpocAc ; 65 pAinic foime ; 74 mAc Apu\m ; 78 a nupcAip, btAJA ; 
89 bAitt. 


VII. 3, 10 1AX) ; 26 jAfjuinne ; 32 iroeAn^Mii ; 33 t)Ainip X)A j. 

40 VlUATTlCA. 

VIII. 4 maeAriArri ; 15 50 crAinroe ; 18 ViAicpifceAX). 

IX. 2 ltiin5, ccf AC ; 9 fjcAlA ; 15 ciajait) ; 18 Ati^oleApcA ; 21 AtnocA ; 
40 X)obeA|tA ; 44 fnAX)mA-6. 

X. 1 jMicce ; 2 i-o cotiAjic ; 6 poj; ; 24 iriAfi ; 27 -JAjiftA ; 30, 32 ; lom- 

XL 21. neoit. 

gaCuua rhACAOitli-An-iolAiti. 

I. 23 fi|i-piift ; 28 nocA ; 29 bpofAOif ib ; 31 •oitjteAbAc ; 37 <xopA5Ail 
(so frequently) ; 38 x)]iAn [for -611x11115] ; ^^ meAtiAX) ; 47n5oiL; 49 grtim- 
eACCAC ; 56 voctiAi-oeAcc ; 57 c^ieAtt ; 90 SjitiAtir ; 92 bnACAtrilA 
b. -tio-6tAicceACA 5. -eolACA ; 93 jcteAf a ; 95 ^iojacca ; 103 cIajiia ; 
105 -tAoccAc; 106 loncomojtCAp |ie coctTiA|ic ; 125 -triAiteAf; 131 nunjA 
fiAict'ij 1 riA-oriAicte ; 14;» a niocorriA|icA ; 175 no cAbAijic ; 181 llo v^illi-o ; 
184 cAi|i-oe ; 185 f 0CA15 ; 189 nT)iA|itnAix)ib ; 195 fciomlcACA fiublA^A 
f AjiluACA ; 197 fgoimiolrACA ; 201 iriAllTOA; 212 meA-onA; 22') polAib ; 
230 fjAjiAX) on cije nolA ; 24S foiticim ; 261 eAjnAtfiA ; 297 j;nAinli05, 

II. 11 AmocoeAJAiL ; 17 fjuifieAX); 23 popluicte ; 37 f ujiAlArii ; 
43 biot)bA; 55 cjiuto ; 60 -onuine ; 75 lonjioi^; 82 nAomcAltriAncA ; 
84 jeobAf ; 87 -ooca, niic: 101 |niAi|tc fAOf, 103 to|iC]iA ; 113 AT)bA|i (/or 
a|a) ; 114 AttAm oil; 121 boccA ; 128 oileAT)|ioin ; 141 -jlACAib ; 
143 mcAlA c« -oo luj; 149 uijiCAf bA ; 153 miof a ; 157 coiriii-oteAC ; 
160hAti"ouj; 170 -oiotiuix) ; 176AtTiLA5; 182 pAsbA'u ; 186 CAlmunA, peu|t ; 
188 eAT)V)|ibuAifioc An Aet)eoi|i ; 189 a neAjiCA ; 189, 191 a (for A5); 
198 cuipmice ; 201miofA; 203 feitriite p 05|iat) ; 207 nALumn niolcttocAC ; 
210 niomblAic mbAillscAl mbuinjieAiriuti ; 225 bpACAix) An a cuill; 
227 {as 187); 229 ctiAjAc ; 250 tosbup. cujup ; 252 cAipbeAnAp 
■DA-opAinr . . . -ooi-oeAlbtA ; 254 ccujAp; 255 tojtiAp ; 256 leigip An 
mAC ; 259 AJAcpA ; 262 -oo beApAX) ; 281 ca nA cpobuib ; 292 cu^ Ap ccup ; 
296-7 ^lAnmAOiT) Ap n^nvnpib ; 297-8 50 cci. 

III. 2 miopA ; 12 CMir ; 13 poij ; 19 coipci ; 21 lulrriAp ; 24 coniAiple ; 
.30 te ; 36 -oaca, puAtrhuil; 41 A5 eipceAcc pip nA b. — b. pin An pis; 
47 lomASAtliTiA cAince ; 48 bpuj ; 56 cocpix) : 74 -OAlAp ; 105 -oeipc; 
122 lAOi-oe. 

IV. 1 lAibeopAm ; 4 ScX)Abi ; 5 cinj A.\pcup .... mic U^t^Aipe mic p ; 
12 CAppcAnA ; 15Aip'o; 20 nAOi-oeAn nAtuinn niolcpocAc ; 21 binn bpuic ; 
29 n-oeAnATTi ; 49-50 An ttiasa Amuj ; 53 ^up ; 63 An pi^ ; 64 mbun-lcAtnA 
mbAppcAol ; 72 5ceAp-oA ; 75 -ppAinc; 76 gpcAj ; 99 t)o chinj A.; 104 
il-ocAlbAiT) ; 107 nA inbpiACAp ; 109 cmnCApAC ; 111 cpuAivpi^ne ; 116 
bpicpolA, pinipcpib ; 119 bpupupA ; 120 irmJeAJlA ; 141 Aije ; 142 T)eitb 
{bis); 143uAill; 147 vo beAppA ; 151 nAonicAlmAn, X)eAnpA ; 152 pAi-ole ; 
156 CU1T1A, 5PA-6 ; 159 hmnsill ; 161 An^pA-oAib ; 163 Abi-oi^e Aije -) ; 
168 cAitpeACA ; 170 -Ai^trieile ; 194 piop pgeut; 195 Alcpomup, mbAill-j ; 
205 -oo nim; 206 beAg. 


V. 1 xXn cuIaix) ; 2 An t^ij ; 4 -mAfiCAiseAcc, tticc ; 7 -Iaoc ; 11 pA- 
fAije ; 14 i {for e) ; 35 ceiciotri ; 36, 37 cumAific ; 38 (and elsewhere) 01115 5 
39 cufiAi-oib ; 40 CAijipi-oe ; 44-oinnpi; 58 hcAC ; 59 -oeArtA; 64 cuijieAX); 
81 hinroeAJAin ; 88 fi'te ; 110 feitiroe; 112 mujiAib, CAicjieACA : 1J3 -oa 
mA-6 ; 120 pAit<firineAC ; 131 teAnmAOi-o ; 136 cAitmili5e ; 144 -oaIa ; 147 
uJA-o {for UT)); 148 nx)eAnAi|i ; 150t)eAtiA; 157 cojiAijeAcc; 158-b«A-6A; 
l62 5no'6u5; 164 buAX)A ; 165 j;u|t (/or 50); 167 piucpAf. 

VI. 1 fiAe ; 4 bpACAix), infi ; 6 fteipg; 9 buinne, c.-mllionriAi-o ; 
12 coilcio-ouib ; 13 -IviACA ; l7pulcA6; 18 -oeAtirsnAOix) ; 22 poccAin ; 23 
innpi^iof ; 26 eu^iA ; 27 ottpA, poTiiO|tiiAC. ; 28 A-OAitiroeoin ; 30 A-opAiXin ; 
31 jieepi jup Anioj ; 43 tutJAif, muiftpixnp ; 46 icciop ; 47 unne ; 49 eA-6oi|i ; 
50 -oAiTi ; 53 bpAJCAOi ; 56 jiei5 ; 59 conuise, -oiop ; 61 ccfiiAC ; 65 16, jaca : 
68 tiAnmonnA ; 69 imle mApA ; 75 cviipeAX)A ; 76 hAriAmuinpi, heAncAi5iop ; 
80 puiceib ; 81 bpAice ; 85 njeA-ogpAnriA ; 97 ni a\' Iia no po -oo 
beicrriAoip; 101 nAinitiiAn ; 102 momiopcuix) opum ppein : 110 eAn- 
CAijiop : 117 ATtiAC -oeASAit ; 120 AiJTheil AtlACA ; 123,4 ceAcCAp ; 127 
teitiT)e ; 129 cAigeobAX) ; 134 riACAppAX), AX)peA5m«nrAiT) ; 136 pio ; 147 
cnAim, bACAip ; 156 AopA ; 163 cpeAccAib ; 164 cibeAppAin, -be ; 169 ocpup ; 

172 A'^AX) ; 175 p5e«lAi5eACC ; 206 hiAppAije ; 214 ah peA-oAin ; 217 piAp. 
pAij ; 219 CAip. 

VII. 1 innpiop ; 7 cotririAi-o ; 8 bpAicteAp ; 9 teijion ; 10 nieipcne ; 
25 pApAij ; 27 lopcAX) ; 28 bxiAijeAnmnij ; 39 in^in-c ; 41 tiijim ; 43 poinn- 
tVii-oe ; 46 liAipij, pupAitiop uippe ; 47 pAppui-6 ; 48 coije ; 56 A^opiAJAC ; 

57 meACCtiA, moipoisioncA ; 61 mop bpcAip-oe ; QQ gUAtAnriA ; 77 potpoice ; 
92 Ai-oeop ; 93 ccoimeotA ; 99 cIusat) ; 102 hAtiTnnAijceAp ; 103 -buic-pi ; 
104 ctoi"6e ; 105 iocca ; 113 cin5 ; 114 ximbpop ; 118 imliox), CroipiAn ; 
132 rrooitbte nvp. ; 137 "ooiti-be ; 143 ad mAol mop triApA j;up An ccopp 
miAlcoig cuipppeAnj ; 148 mbiAi-b ; 154 lonroAij ; 156 poinrpAC ; 158 
meiprne ; 160 pee; 164 mite: 165 tisnoite ; 166 -ooit^e ; 170 -otojuitc ; 

173 eipje ; 180 -00 cuip via ceAnn ; 181 clAoi"bpion, cpoip ; 182 jcAbApA ; 
189 bAinpitjpe ; 194 -oo beAppA. 

VIII. 2 Acup ; 4 nAonApAin : 9 -AnpAox)ACA ; 16 ne'ijioncup ; 17 poip- 
miotACA ; 19 "oeipije ; 26 eAppAj ; 31 TDiococltiijte ; 48 Ae-oeAp-OA ; 54 
ccAnA-6 ; 59 cAipji-o ; 81, 82 poitleim ; 84 AncApgoite ; 127 pomnpeAC ; 
142T;Aob; 145 popbAoilceAc. 

IX. 3 cutTiAX) ; 5 rA^Ait; 6 pAtcpui-b ; 19 cineoit; 21 pApAije ; 24 
AicpCAbA eAtbuix) ; 26 eijme . . , cpuAJA ; 35 meACcnAX) ; 40 AnAitnije ; 

58 mic ; 59 Achuitt ; 73 -oa innip ; 74 lomluAijitt ; 77 cumAix); 84 -Deic- 
pion ; 87 bpeAtnAi-6, -opocpmuAncix) ; 99 puAjpAp; 117 cuillme; 134 
AnAOi-bin big; 136 50 cin^; 146 nAtcumAX) tieApcApAT) ; 157 heAjcopj ; 
160 biA-6. 

X. 1 poinncA-oAp ; 7 Ann An ; 19 -ooeA-opAn ; 22 C05A1IC ; 23 cupAi-oib ; 
24 AT)iotptAir;pio-6 ; 25 blApcApnAix) ; 29 An ttiaja; 31 ptuije ; 36 cwopAm- 
Aoip; 37 occA ; 39 pjAnpAop ; 51 cpitce ; 60 cpobAib ox) nnjinpi ; 71 
•opocjniom ; 111 popbAoiiceAc ; 122 roipbpio-oAp; 123 miocApptA ; 136 a 
pioJAccA . . . A poitijeApnuip ; 142 peijie. 



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I. 510^^'A -AD fiugxx [The Lad of the Ferule]. 

G-ACcfAj^ Ctoinne "Rig wa n-lo|\uAn:)e [Adventures of the 
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(i6th and 17th century texts.) 

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4. potu\r 'pex\tvA A^ 6i|iinn [History of Ireland]. . By 
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Edited by DAVID COMYN, Esq., M.R.I.A. 

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5. CxMtpeirh Cong^Ml Cl^viiAinjni^, preserved in a paper MS. 
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{Issued igoj.) 

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Edited by JOHN MacNEILL, B.A. 

{issued igo8.) 

8 and 9. Vols. II and III of Keating's History of Ireland. 
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II. Poems of David O'Bruadar. 

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1 3. Life of St. Declan, from a manuscript in the Burgundian« 
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Edited by Rev. P. POWER, F.R.S.A. (Ireland). 

14. The Flight of the Earls. By Teigue O'Keenan 
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