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no. 53 
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1792551 



REYNOLDS HISTORICAL 
GENEALOGY COLLECTION 



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J^US^. 



THE CAMDEN MISCELLANY, 



VOLUME THE NINTH: 



COXTAIMXR- 

VISITATIONS OF CHURCHES IX THE PATRONAGE OF ST. PAUL'S 
CATHEDRAL. 

'•THE SPOUSELLS" OF THE PRINCESS MARY. 1508. 

A COLLECTION OF ORIGINAL LETTERS FROM THE BISHOPS TO 
THE PRIVY COUNCIL, 1564. 

PAPERS RELATING TO THOMAS WENTWORTH, FIRST EARL OF 
STRAFFORD. 

HAMILTON PAPERS. ADDENDA. 

MEMOIRS OF NATHANIEL, LORD CREWE. 

THE JOURNAL OF MAJOR RICHARD FERRIER, M.P., 1687. 




PRINTED FOR THE CAMDEN SOCIETY 
M.DCCC.XCV. 



?21 



1792551 



. ,i..^__: .i-aa...-< j ... .- - -*—• ..-.i — — - ' n ■■ limti ■ Ki I HI H Yi I Vi'i M >'■■■■ i 



Lack: Camden Society, New series 

Camden miscellany, vol. IX 1895 
Vol.53 



•-.-OTTif vic^^n^rtr^trr-.-n-^-r^ -"'■» -—*> ■ 



COUNCIL OF THE CAMDEN SOCIETY 

FOE THE YEAR 1894-5. 



President. 

THE EIGHT HON. THE EARL OF CRAWFORD, K.T., LL.D., F.E.S., &c, &c. 

JAMES J. CAETWRIGHT, ESQ., M.A.. F.S.A., Treasurer. 

KEY. J. SILVESTER DA VIES, M.A.. F.S.A. 

REV. J. WOODFALL EBSWORTH, MA... F.S.A. 

JAMES GAIRDNEE. ESQ.. Secretary. 

SAMUEL KAWSON GARDENER. ESQ., M.A., LLA^., Director. 

REV. F. A. GASQUET, D.D. 

DAY ID II ANN AY. ESQ. 

REV. WILLIAM HUNT, M.A. 

ARTHUR \V. HUTTON, ESQ., M.A. 

J. BASS MULLIXGER, ESQ., M.A. 

REV. CHARLES NEIL, M.A. 

J. E. L. PICKERING, ESQ. 

II. C. SOTHKHAX, ESQ. 

HENRY R. TEDDER, ESQ. 

PERCY M. THORNTON, ESQ., MP 



Digitized by the Internet Archive 

in 2010 with funding from 

Allen County Public Library Genealogy Center 



http://www.archive.org/details/publications53camd 



The Council ot' the Camden Society desire it to be under- 
stood that they are not answerable for any opinions or observa- 
tions that may appear in the Society's publications ; the Editors 
of the several Works being alone responsible for the same. 



VISITATIONS OP CIUBGHES 
BELONGING TO ST. TAIL'S CAIHEDEAI 

19 ,." — 1252. 



KDiTiiD FROM DRlGDfAX maxus. 

BY 

W. SPAKKOW SIMPSON P.P.. F.S.A.. 

SUB-PEAX AND LIBRARIAN OF ST. F.vrL':? CA THE 

HONORARY LIBRARIANS OF 111- THE ARCV. - . > . 3EEY. 



PRINTED FOB THE CAMDKN SOCIETY 



3t.DCCC.XCV. 



INTRODUCTION. 



The Visitations of Churches now printed are of earlier date than 
those contained in tlie Camden Society's volume entitled Visitations 
of Churches belonging to St. Paul's Cathedral in 1297 and in 1458. 
The)' are transcribed from a manuscript amongst the cathedral 
records known as Liber L., a a volume of so great importance that 
Mr. Maxwell Lyte devotes nearly seventeen closely printed columns 
to a calendar of its contents in the ninth report of the Historical 
Manuscripts Commission. 

Archdeacon Hale, in the preface to his Domesday of St. PauVs, 
observes that " this is a most interesting volume." It is thus 
described in Lisieux's b Catalogue : u Contenta in quodam antique 
et notabili Begistro, de tempore Will'i Conquestoris, clauso cum 
uno nodulo in- medio, 2° folio in Rubriea Privilegium, signatus cum 
litera L." The book in its present state answers in every respect 
to the description, except that the nodv.lus, or button, by which it 
was fastened has been taken away. Xo part of it will bear out the 
statement of its very early date but the first twenty-six folios ; the 
remainder of the book is of the latter part of the twelfth and 
thirteenth centuries, with some insertions (on parchment larger and 
smaller than the original manuscript) written in the fourteenth 
century. 

Mr. Maxwell Lyte assigns the earlier part of the volume to the 
middle of the twelfth century. 

* See pages CO b— 60 a. The press mark of the MS. is W. P. •*• 
b Thomas Lisieux, Ueau of St. Paul's, H41-14. r >6. 



IV INTRODUCTION. 

The Visitations now, for the first time, edited, were made during 
the years ranging from 1219 to 1252. The churches visited arc 
those of which a sufficiently full account has been given in the 
volume of Visitations already referred to, and it will not therefore 
be necessary to repeat in this place the topographical details which 
have there been supplied. Nor has it been thought necessary to 
repeat explanations of words which were dealt with in the other 
volume, to which this is indeed a supplement. 

In 1249 and 1250 Willesdon and Tillingham were visited; in - 
1251 Twyford, Navestock, Walton, and Kirkby, and probably 
St. Pancrus and Thorpe; and in 1252 Chiswick, Aldbury, Pelham 
Arsa, and Pelham Furncaux, and probably Westlee, Barling, and 
Heybridge. 

During the period occupied by these Visitations Henry de 
Cornhill was Dean of St. Paul's. Dugdale, in his list of deans, 8 
dismisses him in two lines ; and Henry Wharton b grants him only 
fifteen, in which brief notice there is very little of interest unless it be 
thought worth while to record that he bestowed upon the cathedral 
some vestments and a book. The vestments were a cope, chasuble, 
dalmatic, and tunic, " de purpurea sameto cum garbis breudatis," c 
and the book, was a " Liber Ordinarii secundum Albcricum, per 
eundem in aliquo emendatur, qui habet Kalcndarium in principio. 
Incipit Ecce dies veniunt, ct continet Capital armm, et Collectarium, 
Antiphonarium, et Ympnarium, et finit in Ympno Eerum Deus; 

■ Dngdale, History of St. Pavl's, 224. 

* Hhtoria de Ij>iscoj>is et Decants Londinensibus, 207, 309. 

« An inventory of the plate, vestments, &c. s belonging to St. Paul's Cathedral, 
taken in 1245, records another valaahle gift :— 

"Pannns iriagnns sericas ruhens, euro magnis rotis et binis leonibns cristatis in 
rotis pnrpnreis et (lores inter rotas. Rex dedit Decant/, et Decanus postea dedit 

Ecclesiae." 

Possibly also another entry may indicate a gift from the same liberal donor :— 
"Capafascadepanna serico breudata cam minatis gladeolis ct minatis bisanciis 

et. floribns minatis. Hanc brendarc fecit Henricns Caaccllarittfi ct postea Dccanns." 

Printed in Arehaeolo/jia, vol. 50. 



INTRODUCTION. V 

et Psalterium imponitur, de novo, effigitur per cathenam in 
vestibule." His obit was kept yearly at St, Paul's " expending 
thereat xiijs. iiijd." a 

But Henry do Cornliill is not to be dismissed in quite so 
summary a manner. He played his part manfully in a xery 
stirring incident, endeavouring to maintain the liberties of the 
Bishop of London and the cathedral against the encroachments, as 
he deemed them, of Archbishop Boniface. 

- The venerated Bishop Roger Niger, " canonised by popular 
acclamation," had passed to his rest on Michaelmas Day, 1241. 
For three years the See of London was allowed to remain vacant, 
and was at length filled by Fulk Basset, a nobleman of old Norman 
blood, of whom Dean Milman has much to say in his Annals of 
St. Paul's}' Fulk, Lord Basset, of Wycombe, was a baron by 
tenure. He had been Provost of Beverley and Dean of York, and 
w 7 as consecrated Bishop of London in 12-14. Pie was a firm 
supporter of the national party, and certainly no lover of the proud 
prelate who ruled the province with a rod of iron. 

Boniface, a son of Thomas, Count of Savoy, was enthroned at 
Canterbury on All Saints' Day, 12-19; Queen Eleanor of England, 
daughter of his sister Beatrice (herself the mother of four queens), 
was present at the gorgeous ceremonial. c He soon resolved to 
make a visitation of his province, a scheme which encountered a 
determined, though useless, resistance. As part of his plan, he 
gave notice that he would visit St. Paul's Cathedral. 

" On the day appointed he appeared, with an armed retinue, at 
the great west door. Here he was met by the Dean, a venerable 
old man, well versed in ecclesiastical affairs, Henry of Cornhill. 
The Dean was attended by the Chapter. The Dean and Chapter 
respectfully represented that, by their statutes, the Bishop of the 

- ■ Dtigdale, History, 310, 321, 323, 32S. 

b Annuls, second edition, 5«J ct seqq. 

c Dean Hook, Lives of the Archbishops of Canterbury, in. 229, 230. 



VI INTRODUCTION. 

Diocese, and not the Metropolitan, was their visitor. The Arch- 
bishop gave orders to his attendants, and they forced an entrance 
into the cathedral. The cathedral was empty. The usual forms 
and ceremonies adopted when a visitor entered a church were 
omitted. No organ Bounded. There was no array of the priests ; 
no choir. The . silence was only broken by the tramp of the 
Archbishop's attendants, whose step was martial, though their 
outer garments were sacerdotal. The primate approached the 
choir; the doors were closed. He went to the Chapter House, 
there to admonish, as he said, the clergy ; but he could not obtain 
admission."" Greatly enraged, he excommunieated the Dean and 
Chapter for having resisted the rights of the See of Canterbury. 

That it required no little courage thus to withstand the proud 
Archbishop will be sufficiently evident to those who read the 
graphic account, given by Dean Hook, of the primate's visit to the 
priory of St. Bartholomew on the day following his entry into the 
cathedral. Here also solemn protest was made against his intrusion, 
and it devolved upon the sub-prior to utter the firm but modest 
protest of his brethren. " A blow from the young Archbishop's fist 
was the -first answer which the aged sub-prior received : and when 
he was felled to the earth the Archbishop rushed at him with 
uncontrollable fury, dealing blow after blow, now on his head, now 
on his face, now on his breast ; cursing, swearing, calling for 
a sword to make an end of him, and shouting in his madness, 
4 Thus, thus will I deal with these English traitors.' The canons 
rushed to the rescue of their sub- prior. A tumult ensued ; but 
nothing could appease the rage of the Archbishop. Tie crushed the 
poor olcl man between two of the stalls, and redoubling his blows 
at the same time almost annihilated him. The blood of the 
English was now fairly up. They rushed upon the Archbishop ; 
they dragged him from his victim. As they dashed him aside the 
rattle of armour was heard, and tearing off his rochet, they exposed 

» Dean Hook, Lies* of the Archbishops of Canterbury, in. 2.">.">. 



INTRODUCTION. Vll 

to public view the Primate of All England holding his Visitation 
encased in armour.' 1 B 

The story is very picturesquely told by Dean Hook in the passages 
just cited. Those who desire to compare this account with the 
original authority should turn to Matthew Paris.** The Dean docs 
not at all exaggerate the ferocity of the Archbishop. Matthew 
Paris says: " Iratus valde. et comminans, Decanum et quosdam alios 
de dignioribus ecclesiae praecipitantcr in spiritu irne et furoris ex- 
communieavit." Whilst in recording the incident at St. Bartholo- 
mew's his words are full of life and force: — 

" Quod c audiens Archiepiscopus, in iram secus quam deceret aut 
expediret furoris conversus, irruit in suppriorem, suacque conditionis 
et suorum antecessorum sanctitatis immemor, ipsum sanctum virum, 
sacerdotem et religiosum in medio ecclesiae existentem, pugno impic 
turn percussit, turn in pectus senile, turn in faciem venerabilem, 
turn in canum caput impulit truculenter multotiens, clamosa voce 
dieens : c Siccine, siccine, decet Angiicos proditores impetere ' ; et 
horribilius cum jurumentis irrecitabilibus delirans, gladium suum 
expostulavit festinanter afFerri. Et cum multiplicarentur tumultus, 
et niterentur canonici suum suppriorem de manibus tarn violenter 
opprimentis liberare, ipse Archiepiscopus capam illam preciosam, 
qua supplier indutu's erat, dilaceravit, et firmaculum, quod yulgar- 
iter morsus dicitur, avulsit, et inter pedes catervatim irruentium 
conculcatum est et amissum, quod auro et argento et gemmis fuerat 
pretiosum ; sed et ipsa capa nobilissima conculcata et distracta 
irrestaurabiliter violabatur; nee aclhuc aversus est furor archiepis- 
copalis. Ipsum namque sanctum virum impetu violento repellens 
et rctroire cogens, ad unam spondam, quae duos de stallis dividebat 
et pro podio facta fuit, adeo senile corpus pressit, ut ossa cum 
medullis conquassaret et praecordia collideret furibundus." 

* Dean Hook, Lives of the Archbishops of Canterbury, iii. 257, 258. 
Matthew raris, Chronica Mojora, v. 121-123, and Additamcnta, vi. 198, Sic, 
iu the blaster of the Rolls scries. 
e That is, the snb-prior's protest. 



Vlll INTRODUCTION. 

The hot blood of the Archbishop must have made him a 
dangerous antagonist: and when to his extreme violence the 
juramenta irrccltabilia were added, the very sanctuary itself in no 
way restraining him, it is not surprising that four of the canons of 
St. Bartholomew's carried the matter to the King, displaying before 
him the " ictuum vestigia, cruorem scilicet, livorem, et tumorem, 
et vestes laceratas." The sub-prior, meanwhile, lay groaning in 
the infirmary, unable to recover from the shock. The King, how- 
ever, defended the Archbishop. 

Certainly Henry de Cornhill was a brave man, when he with- 
stood to the face this turbulent prelate. The Dean, of course, 
appealed to the Pope, and the excommunication was for a while 
suspended. But u the uncle of the Queen of England, the now 
wealthy Primate of England, could not but obtain favour with 
Innocent. The Dean of St. Paul's was compelled to submit to the 
supreme archiepiscopal authority." a The papal decree of Innocent 
IV., compelling the submission of the Dean and Chapter, was issued 
in 1252, just at the very time when these parochial Visitations were 
in progress. 

It is interesting to notice that when, some centuries after, Arch- 
bishop Laud proposed to visit St. Paul's Cathedral, the Dean and 
Chapter protested strongly against such exercise of jurisdiction. 
Their petition to the King is printed in Dugdale, and in it they 
state that " it doth not appear, by any records belonging to His 
Grace or to the Church, that the Dean and Chapter have ever been 
visited by any Metropolitical power, notwithstanding the rest of the 
diocese hath been so visited." b 

Had they forgotten Archbishop Boniface? 

Their protest was unavailing, the King commanding their sub- 
mission. 



* Milman, Annals of St. Paul's, second edition, 58. 
b Dugdale, St. Paul's, 415. 



INTRODUCTION. IX 

As the Introduction, to the Visitations of 1297 and 1458 is some- 
what full, it will only he necessary in the present instance to draw 
attention to any features in which this earlier series of Visitations 
differs from the later, and to add a few details omitted from the 
former volume. 

It is certainly worth while to exhibit the exact mode of pro- 
cedure in these parochial Visitations, and this can hardly be better 
accomplished than by printing the Articuli Visitationis Ecclesiarum 
as found in the Statuta Majorat a fine manuscript still preserved at 
St. Paul's Cathedral. The original document contains not only the 
articles for the visitation of churches, but also those for the visitation 
of Manors and of Firmae) and the full title is here retained, although 
the portion relating to the churches alone is printed. The docu- 
ment may be dated circa A.D. 1320. 

" Articuli Visitacionis Ecclesiarum, Maneriorum, et Firmariim 
Capituli Sancti Pauli Londoniarum. 

Primo de Spiritualibus. 

§1. An cancellae et ecclcsiae cum suis cimiteriis, in ornamentis, 
libris, vasis, .operimentis, clausuris, et ceteris necessariis, prout 
convenit, custodiantur: et si non, qui sunt defcctus, et cujus 
estimacionis. 

§ 2. Item, de moribus, vita, et conversacione Vicariorum, Capel- 
lanorurn, ct Clericorum ecclesiis serviencium, an sint sufficicntes ad 
regendum curus eis commissas, et an Vicarii sint residcntes, prout 
artantur; et si per eorum defectum ecclcsioa ofliciunij vel devocio 
parochianorum minuatur, vel si aliquis parochianorum obierit sine 
viatico, vel sacramentis ecclesiaj: qui et qualiter. 

§ 3. Item, an predicti Vicarii, Capellani, vel Clerici, seu aliqui 
de parochianis sint diffamati de usura, adulterio, fornicacione, vel 
aliis crlminibus: qui et de quibus. 

§ 4. Item, qui parochiani debeant redditus, in pecunia, cera, vel 

" ■ Statuta Jfajora, folio 90. The volume is called Statuta Majora on account of 
the large bokl character in which it is written : the Statuta Minora contains- more 
statutes than the larger volume. 

CAMD. SOC. b 



X INTRODUCTION. 

oleo, aut rebus aliis ad dcfectus ecclesiae reparandos, vel lurainaria 
stistentanda : et si aliqua shit subtracts, quae et per quern." a 

It is greatly to be regretted that very little is recorded with 
regard to the matters treated of in the second clause, as much 
valuable information in respect ot' local customs and usages might 
have been gathered from the answers to such enquiries. A few 
hints, indeed, are given, but that is all; and these are only of small 
importance. Thus at Pelhani Arsa in 1458, b complaint is made 
that the vicar keeps his horse in the churchyard " contra honesta- 
tern ecclesiae"; and the Tnquisitores further say, "quod Vicarius 
multum exercet forum contra honcstatein suam, ct quod dictus 
Vicarius non publicat sententenciam excommunicacionis, etc. Et 
dicunt quod Vicarius inter solempnia horarum canonicarum con- 
fabulat cum parochianis suis, aliquando cum viris et aliquando cum 
mulieribus." 

Answers to the enquiries arising out of Clauses 1 and 4 are very 
fully given. 



A few notes relating to the service books, vestments, chrisoms, 
lights, surnames, etc., will suffice to make this volume intelligible 
if read in connection with the Introduction prefixed to the Visita- 
tions of 1297 and 1458. 
Service boohs. The service books enumerated do not call for special mention. 
Some are found in poor condition, some deficient of leaves and 
sections, some with an inaccurate text, whilst in many cases the 
binding is defective. 

At Aldbury the books appear to have been grievously neglected, 
and the visitors have to set down a Missal " habens multa folia 



» Archdeacon Hale, Domesday of St. Paul's, Camden Society, p. 156*. (The 

mnnberings of the sections are not found in the MS.) 
b Visitations in 1-97 and 145S, p. 105. 



INTRODUCTION. XI 

rupta "; a Breviary " male ligatus et male custoditus "; an ancient 
Psalter " male sufficiens, quia male eustoditum"; an Antiphonary 
"cum foliis ruptis et male custoditus"; and a Liber Ordinalis in 
quires unbound. 

Occasionally, as at Chiswick, the treasurer of St. Paul's had sent 
a Missal to replace a defective volume; or, as at Kirkby, the Chapter 
had sent an Omeliarium, as indeed they had also presented a good 
Vcsthnentum Principale. 

Of the ancient use of St. Paul's, 8 an Antiphonarium is found at 
Willesdon, and an Ordinale at Tillingham. At Aldbury it is 
specially observed that the gradual is "non de Usu London 
Ecclesic," from which it may perhaps be inferred that in other 
cases tills service book was of that use. A similar notice occurs at 
Xavestock. At Kirkby is a Missal, an ancient book " nulliua 
ordinis"; and at Pelham Furneaux, a Breviary "quod in parte non 
est notatum, nee London nee Sarum ordinem continet." At 
Chiswick was a w vctus liber leccionarius cum Missis intersertis per 
loca de usu monachali." It is clear that there was no rigid 
uniformity as to the office books in use even in churches all of 
which were under the same rule and patronage. 

At Tillingham is an interesting entry of " panni crismales lvj." Pauni Cris 
The Cltrisom was a cloth with which children were wrapped when 
they were brought to the font. " At the churching of the infant's 
mother the chrisom was presented to the priest to be used for 
making surplices, or coverings lor the chalice, or for some similar 
purpose." b 

A child dying within a. month of his baptism was buried in his 
chrisom. A monumental brass of the sixteenth century at Chesham 
Bois Church, in Buckinghamshire, represents an infant enveloped in 
this robe. It is figured in Dr. Lee's Glossary of Ecclesiastical ayul 
Liturgical Terms. The inscription is: 

■ See Visitations in 1297, etc,., \>y. lv., hi. 
b Willi ott, Sac-ivd Archaeology. 



x i| INTRODUCTION. 

Of Roo r Lee gentilma'heee lyeth the son Benedict Lee 

CBYSQM WHO s SOULE IHU EDO. 

In the ancient Ritus Baptizandi? printed in the Monumenla 
Ritualia, the rubric orders that after the actual Baptism : 

" Postea induatur infans veste chrismali, sacerdote interrogated 
nomen ejus, et dfaente sic : 

11 N. accipe vestem candidam, sanctum, et immaculatam, quam 
perferas ante tribunal Domini nostri Jesu Christi, ut habeas vitam 
aeternam et vivas in ssecula sccculorum. Amen. 

"Licitum est autem pannum chrismedem secundo linire chrismate, 
el super alium baptizatwm immittere, tamen ad communes usus non 
debet pannus Me assumi : scd ad ccclesiam reportari et in usus 
ecclesiae resei>vari." 

In the Constitutions of St. Edmund, Archbishop of Canterbury, 
about the year 1236, it is ordered in Section 13 : b 

" QuodpoAini chrismales tantum cedant in usum ecclesiae. 

" Pannietiam chrismales non nisi in usus ornamentorutn ecclesiae 

convertantur ; similiter alia ornamenta ecclesiae, quae pontilicalem 

accipiunt benedictionem, nullo modo in usus profanos deputentur. 

Et Arcliidiaconus in suis visitationibus, an hoc observetur, dih- 

genter inquirat." 

The number of these chrisoms at Tillingham seems remarkably 
lar^e but the handwriting of the record is clear and the figures 
distinct, At Pelham Furneaux there were "ad sacrarium parva 
manutergia de crismalibus." 

At Navestoek, two old and useless chasubles " jussae sunt destrui 
et fieri f'rontalia." 
Font. At Chiswick, the Font is in a bad condition. At Twyford, 

occurs the curious entry, " plumbum est ibi rotundum pro bap- 

» Occasional offices selected from the Manual and Pontifical of the Church of 
Salisbury. MoHumtnta liitualia, second edition, i. 27>. 
*> Wilkins' Concilia, i. C3G. 



INTRODUCTION. Xlll 

tistario ; " as if a leaden bowl may have been used for that 
purpose. In the Visitation of 1297, the visitors report, " Bapti?- 
terium plambeum sine serrura" at Twyford; and at Chiswick, 
11 Baptisterium marmoreum intus plumbatum cum serrura." In the 
latter case, the Visitation had produced a good effect, and a marble 
font had replaced the " fons debilis et ruptus sine sera." ■ 

Few relics are enumerated, but those which are found are of Belies. 
interest. At Tillingham is a small long comb which formerly 
belonged to St. Thomas of Canterbury : " ut dicitur," as the cautious 
scribe says. And at Walton is a cross, the gift of G., a former 
vicar, in which is preserved a piece of the True Cross. 

At Heybridge are five banners " et unus draco," that is to say, Draco, 
the effigy of a dragon to be carried in procession : a symbol, 
Ducange says, either of the devil or of heresy, over which the 
Church triumphs. 

Only once in these Inventories, at Barling, are Wimples Wimples, 
mentioned. Here there are eight : four of silk, three of linen, 
and one, also of linen, good and new. 

Nor does the word Chalun or Chalon occur in the later Inven- Chalon. 
tories. It is found at Burling and at Walton : at the latter place 
with the explanatory words, " ad exequias mortuorum." It seems 
to be a funeral pall. 

At Heybridge, the maintenance of the bridge from which the Heybridge. 
parish takes its name appears to have been a charge upon certain 
of the parishioners. " Isti tenent oves ad emendacionem pontis." 
Six names follow, and these persons have in all nine sheep available 
for this purpose. The Hota or Rowell light was maintained at 
Heybridge by the same kind of assessment. 

At St. Pancras is a pax of somewhat unusual form and material : Pax. 
" parvus lapis marmoreus ornatus cupro ad pacem deferendum." 
It is more fully described in the Inventory of 1297 as " unum 
osculatorium ligneum cum laminibus cupreis cum lapide marmoris 

a Vi.iifat>07ts of 1207 rud145S, pp. 57 and 63. 



XIV INTRODUCTION. 



fixo in medio." The earlier entry might have been perplexing but- 
for the later commentary. 

Vestments. ^he vestments here enumerated have little to distinguish them 

from those more fully described in the Inter Inventories. Several, 
however, are said to be just good enough for funerals, or even as 
not sufficiently good for the exposure which a burial service in 
foul weather might entail. Thus, at Aldbury, there is a chasuble 
M vetus et rupta sed sepulture tantum apta"; at Pelham Furneaux, 
a " vestimentum vetus et insumciens, aptum sepulture " ; at 
Pelham Arsa, a chasuble of fustian a cum corporalibus, sepulture 
vix sufheiens " ; whilst at Xavestoclc, tiiere are " clue albe veteres 
sepulture defunctorum tantum sufFiciens." 

Field nanus. Qf field names only one appears, Yppele or Ippelega, at 
Willesdon; unless, indeed, Assarting at Xavestock and Pastorel 
at Willesdon are to be included in this category; it is doubtful, 
however, Whether any save the first should be considered as real 

field names.' 
Lights of the rrj] ie p ro vigion made for the lights of the churches is in some 
cases, especially at Thorp, Walton, and at Kirkby, set forth with 
great fulness. Each light in the last-named church seems to have 
had. its special Gustos or guardian; and here, the paschal candle, 
the light before the Altar of the Blessed Virgin, before the Cross, 
before St. Peter, before St. Michael, the two lights in the Chancel, 
and the Rowell light or Potella, had each its several Custos and 
its body of parishioners bound to contribute to its support. 

At Pelham Furneaux and at Pelham Arsa the provision for 
lights seems to have been left almost entirely to voluntary gifts, 
«« totum votivum et nichil certum." "But for the paschal taper 
there was a special collection, towards which tenants holding 
eighteen acres contributed one penny, and tenants holding half 
that quantity of land paid in proportion. There was no rowel light 
at the former parish, and the mention of the absence of the 
Rotella seems to indicate that it was found in almost every other 
place. At Pelham Arsa, indeed, a farthing was taken from every 



INTRODUCTION. xv 

Louse by custom for the paschal light, and one Galfridus Sarvors 
gave two acres of land to supply two lights on the High Altar, but 
of late the land had been unproductive. It is added that " re- 
lictum luminare ecclesiae toluin votivum est." In other parishes, 
the organisation for the supply of these lights was, as Ins been 
indicated, very complete. 

The names of the several parishioners are of some interest. A Names of 
large number of them are designated from their place of abode, PW1S WRer8, 
as : — 

Gerardus de Vcnella, Adam de Marisco, Elyas dc Campo, 

Henricus de Ponte, Gervasiusdc Ecclesia. Petius de Grace. 

Clemens ad Moram, Johannes ad Portam, 

Others from their trade, or profession, as : — 

Willielmus Permentarius, Wyot Sutor, 

Eadulphus Portarius, Randulphus Textor, 

Fioger Pistor, Alexander Clericus, 

Eudo Mercator, Eicardus Prepositus, 

Elyas Molendinarius, Willielmus Bercarius,, 

Richardus Carpentarius, Johannes li Poter, 

WilHfelimis de Bruere, Hugo Carectarius. 
Jordanus Faber, 

Many from their father's Christian name, as: — 

Gerardus et Stephanus filii Symonis, 
Thomas filius Hugonis, 
Eadwardus filius Davidis. 

Some possibly from a personal peculiarity, as: — 

Eadmundus le Brun, Stephanus le Petit. 

Whilst one has the somewhat unusual name of 
Ricardus Diabolus. 



XVI INTRODUCTION. 

It would have been easy to extend this fasciculus and the volume 
to which it is a companion to double or treble their present dimen- 
sions by introducing illustrative documents relating to the several 
parishes from the rich store of unpublished material existing in the 
Record Room at St. Paul's. The temptation to do so, no slight one, 
has been steadily resisted. But no rule is without its exception, 
and two important documents relating to Navestock selected from 
the great mass of deeds preserved in the Cathedral appear to be of 
sufficient interest to permit of a short notice in these pages. 
Navestock. The first is a Demise by the Dean and Chapter to Master Adam 

Murymouth, canon of the Cathedral, " on account of his residence, 
of the Manor of Navestock, with its tithes and all other appur- 
tenances, to hold so long as he shall be a canon, and shall serve them 
well, and shall not be elected and confirmed as a bishop, rendering 
yearly three firtria* to the bake-house, the brew-house, and the 
almonry of St. Paul's, and with each firina forty shillings, and for 
the tithes and revenue of the church of Navestock twenty marks a 
year to the Chamberlain." 

The house is thus described in the Inventory: 

" Recepit etiam sub uno tecto domum ad pistrinam et daieriam, 
unam eoquinam cum furno et duobus plumbis, unum gallinar, et 
unam aulam cum buteleria et dlspensa ad occidentem aule, et 
cameram ad orientcm cum tresanciis, et unam cameram cum celario 
et solario tegulis cocpertara, et ad ipsam cameram unam capellam 
de plastro de Parisis tendulis coopertam, et unum granarium vetus 
cum quatuor interfiniis et unam Thoralliam veterem, et unam 
parvulam domum ad vitulos extra portam, et unam fabricam, unam 
Bercariam extra portam, unum Molcndinum ventriticum." 

The list of utensils is as follows: 

" Quatuor mensas, quatuor tripodes, unam securim, unum scacca- 
rium, unum tabularium cum aleis, unum ciphum de mazero cum 
pede et circulo argenti precii octodecim denariorum, duas mappas 

* Firma : food for a siuglc week. Hale, Domesday, xlvi. 



INTRODUCTION. X vii 

de canabo, unum manutergium, sexaginta ciphps, centum squdcllos, 
viginti duas platellas, decern Balsaria, unum salsarium stagnenm, 
duas ollas eneas, unam quinque galonum et aliam triura galonum, 
unam parvam ollam eneam dimidii galonis, unam craticlam, unum 
tripodem, unum grate, unum lavatorium, unam patellam, unam 
pelam, sex cuvas, tres tynas, quatuor dolia, unam scalam, unam 
mensuram quae continet unum quartum, aliam rnensuram quinque 
busselles, tercium mensuram tres busselles, quartam mensuram duos 
busselles." a 

This document is dated Michaelmas, 1335. Canon Adam 
iiurimuth, or Merimouth, or Meremonth, is the well-known 
author who "wrote the history of this country from 1302 to 
1380."* and the Inventory of his goods possesses considerable 
interest. A short glossary of some of the more difficult words 
which occur in it will be found in the note at the foot of the 
page." Without some such assistance the deed might be found 
rather perplexing to a student versed only in classical Latinity. 



• Mr. Maxwell Lyte's Calendar, Historical Manuscripts Commission, Report ix., 
3Sa. 

b Lc Neve, Fasti Ecdesiac Anglicanac, edition 1854, p. 3S3. 

e Pistrina : a bakehouse. Thonllia : thorallum, or tornllum, is a 
Daieria : a dairy. mound (perhaps, in this case, a heap 

Coquina cum fnrno et duobos plumbis : of manure). 

a kitchen with an oven and two leaden Bercaria : a sbeepfold. 

▼ats. Molendinum ventriticum : a windmill. 

Buteleria : a buttery. Ciphus de mazero : a mazer bowl. 

Tresancia : " tresens, that is drawen over Squdelli : probably baskets. 

an estates chambre-ciel."— Palsgrave. Platellre : probably pi tues. 

" Ciel : the inner roof in a room of Salsaria : salt-cellars. 

state."— Cotgrave. " A corridor."— Craticla : a giidiron. 

Stratrnann. Patella : a pan. 

Celarium : a cellar. Pela : a baker's peel. 

Solarium : an upper chamber. Cava; : vats. 

Tendnlis or cendnlis : shingles. Tyna; : tubs. 
Granarinm : a granary. 

CAMP. SOC. c 



XV111 INTRODUCTION. 

The second document relating to Navestock is a Demise by the 
Dean and Chapter, between 1-122 and 1441, to Reginald Malyns, 
Esq., of the Manor of Navestock, reserving to themselves certain 
feudal rights. 8 Among the utensils specified in the Inventory 
these are the most interesting: 

" Unum tabularmm cum aleis, decern salaam de ligno, unum 
mortar, unum tripidem, unam molam manualcm, unum plumbum 
in deiria, unum meschfatte, unum yilyngfatte, unum cowyll, unum 
sigillum ad sigillandum mensuras, unum bikorn, unum scythe, 
unum mallium magnum pro officio fabri, unam scalam, unum 
pelvem cum lavacro de latone, unum par de stokkes, duo plumbea 
in pandoxatria, unum markyng yren pro ovibus, unum cornu 
ceratum ad suflandum in autompnum." ,J 

It is curious to observe how the scribe is compelled to fall back 
upon the vulgar tongue, when he has to set down such very 
English objects as a par de stokkes, a mortar, a scythe, or a 
markyng yren for sheep. 
Willesdoii . A very lute Inventory, of about 1547, says Lysons in his 

Environs of London, notes that there were then at Willesdon, 
" Two masers that were appointed to remayne in the church for to 
drynk yn at bride-ales." 



The text has been scrupulously followed as regards the spelling of 

■ Mr. Maxwell Lyte, Calendar, 38,a. 

b Here also a short glossary may be useful : — 

Molam mannalem : a hand-mill. 

Meschfatte : Mash£at, the vat which contained the malt in brewing. 

Yilyngfatte : Gylcfattc, the vat in which ale is worked. Gyle, wort. 

Bikorn : probably the same as bica, a beehive. 

Fandoxatria : a brew-house. 
c Second Edition, vol. ii., part 2, p. 8 IS. 



INTRODUCTION. XIX 

the words, with two exceptions. The scribe has written indifferently 
vas or tms, vestimcntum or vcstimentum : in this transcript the 
uniform reading of vas, vestimentum, etc., has been adopted. In 
like manner it has been thought better to print j instead of i, in 
such words as maior, maius, iniunctum, and the like. The names 
of the several parishes here inserted in capital letters in the text for 
convenience of reference do not occur in the original manuscript. 



VISITATION OF CEETAIN CHUBCHES 



BELONGING TO TUE 



DEAN km CMfTES OF ST. PAUL'S CATIIEDBAL 

IN THE YEARS 1219-1252. 



"WlLLESDON.* p . i3Gb. 

Status ecck-siarum que pertinent ad capitulum tempore PL decani. 

Omncs d'jcime garbarum de tota paroohia do Willcsdon cediint Hic ®^ 
in usus Canonicoruin. Totum altaragium habet Vicarius et domum 
qiiarridam prope ecclesiam cum ortho p et terrain ad eandem ecclesiam 
pertinentem, et portat lionera d ecclesie debita et consueta. 

Ornamenta illius ecclesie que reliquid c J. Vicarius. 

Parvum missale bonum plenum sine nota cum kallendano. 
Item aliud missale majus et vetus habens canonem misse in 
principio sine nota et grossioris litere satis sufficiens. Antiphonar- 
ium cum kaiendario contiuens legenda de bona litera et bene 

• At the top of the first page are the words " Visitante Anno Domini M° CC° xlix° 
ct l mo nt patet primo." 

b Henry de Cornhill, Dean of St. Paul's from 15 August, 1243, till his death on 
9 April, 1254. 

c Cum ortho, that is, cum horto : with a garden. 

d What these oncra were in Neweourt's time will be seen in his Rcpertjrium, 
5., 760. 

e Reliipiii] : so in MS. for reliquit. 

CAMD. SOC. B 



2 VISITATION OF CIIUECHES BELONGING TO THE DEAN AND 

notata, habena literam auream in principio libri, et p°. c . secundum 
ordinem ecclesie London. Item antiphonarium notatum de debili 
percameno b plenarium et competens. Duo gradalia bona et bene 
notata, et iij c vetus et notatum cum parvo tropario in fine. Item 
ij tropariu bona et bene notata, et iij c troparium paivum nota- 
tum et competens. Item liber manualis cum exorcismis plenariis. 
Item unum psalterium vetus et competens. Item calix argenteus 
interius deauratus habens pomellum deauratum, et in patena manum 
deauratam bencdicentem, d ponderis circiter xx s. Item unum vesti- 
mentum plenarium cum paraturis et casula de serico veteri integro. 
Item aliud vestimentum cum paraturis et cum veteri casula de 
serico competent! sed minus bono. Item iij c vestimentum sollempne 
cum paraturis et casula de viridi senduto cum panno croceo interius. 
Item quartum vestimentum bonum et novum et plenarium cum 
casula de arista et paraturis de eodem cum superpellicio bono et 
novo et roclietto de dono quondam J. vicarij. Item iiij 01 ' rocheti 
et iij superpellicia majus trita. Item vj palle altaris benedicta c et j 
pannus de Mediolano ' vetus ante altare. Item cum quolibet vesti- 
mento corporalia. Item vexillum rubeum cum yconia beate Yirginis 
de auripe]le g de dono J. vicarii et duo alia vexilla antiqua et tria. h 
Item velum qnadragesimale vetus et tritum, et velum ad cooperien* 
darn crucem in ecclesia de canopo. Item vas aquarium stagneum 

» So in the MS. : perhaps, principio cajus. 

b Percameno, that is, Pcrgameno : parchment, so called because it is said to have 
been invented by Eumenes. King of Pergamum. 

c Et iij, that is, tcrtiiun. 

A Manum : the hand of the Deity in benediction. 

* Benedicts : so in MS. 

f De Mediolano : Dr. Bock observes that Lombard y (and especially its capital, 
Milan) Mas famous for it c fine silk-weaving. There is a good specimen of this cob- 
web weaving, opus araneum, in the South Kensington Museum. No. £2oi. Textile 
Fabrics, p. 1C2. 

s Auripellum, says Ducange, a Gall, auripcau, aurichalcnm, lamina auricalcea. 
He also refers to anrirulatimi, metal semUant a orcbal. 

h Tria : probably for trita. 



CHAPTER OP ST. PAUL'S CATHEDRAL IN THE TEARS 1249-1252. 3 

ct sufficient, due cruees in altari portatiles de esmallo. a Item vas 
dc corco ad reponenda corporalia. Item pixis eburnea ad Corpus 
Domini reponendum super altare in pixide de coreo cum bonis 
seris. Item duo vasa crismatoria sta^nea et aliud vas starrncum 
honestum ad circumferendum Corpus Domini ad egrotos. Item 
offer tor ium de panno rubeo subtili. Item due magne iconee ct 
sculptc de beata Virgine. 

Sunt in dominico ecclesie de "Willesdon per particulas. 

Due aero in campo que dicitur yppele b et j acra in campo 
quondam pastorcl prope yppele. De terra Eal win i de Tuifcrd j 
acra. De terra Radulphi filii Richardi dimidia acra. De terra 
Walteri Pugnat? dimidia acra. De terra Richardi Bestien dimidia 
acra. Dc terra Willielmi del Hek j virgata. De terra Richardi 
Carpentarii j acra. De terra Radulphi Blik c j acra. De terra 
Willielmi dc la Slade dimidia acra. Dc terra Ilugonis Achere 
dimidia acra. De terra TV. Blundi dimidia acra. Dc terra 
Eadwardi Blauet dimidia acra. De terra Eylwyni dc Wdeton 
j acra. De terra Gilbert! dc Wdeton j acra et dimidiuin. De 
terra Leuine j mesuagium ad portam cimiterij cum domo super 
prebendam Magislri R, de Barthona d quam I. Virdeman defendit 
versus dominum. 

Quarum Sum ma j virgata xij acre et 

j messuagium ad portam cimiterij 

* Esmallo : enamel. 

b Yppele, or Ippelega, as it is called in two deeds preserved at St. Paul's. Sec 
Mr. Maxwell Lyte's Calendar, 33b. 

c One " Tho. le Blic, son of Ralph de Blic,by his deed (but without date) granted 
to the Church of the Blessed Mary of Willesdon half an acre of land, which licth 
in Ilurlaud near Kalewestricke, in pure and perpetual alius." — Newcourt, Reper- 
torium, i., 7G0. 

d Robert de Barthona, or de Barton, was prebendary of "Willesdon ; he became 
Precentors of St. Paul's iu 1246, and Dean in 1250. 



4 VISITATION OF CHURCHES BELONGING TO THE DEAN AND 

TUIJ-EJU). 

Status Capelle de Tuiferd. 

1C «^^ Ecclesfa Sancti Pauli recipit a Capella de Tuiferd xijd pro 

deeimis annone, pro decimis ovium et capranim, que quidem 
capella non est' alitor vicinarum ecclesiarum appcndula scd per- 
misst! capituli Sancti Pauli baptizat infantes, sepelit mortuos 
quomodo voluerit, dum modo non ad aliquam ecclesiarum 
Episcopi, et in spiritualibus rcspondet Becana et Capitulo. 

In Capella de Twiferd in crastino Conversionis Sancti Pauli invents 
sunt ornamenta subseripta, Anno Domini M CC°l°j . 

Calix argenteus in limbo pedis deauratus cum patena alba et 
manu benedicta deaurata ; calix aliquantulum ruptus in pede. 
Altare lapideum non dedicatum, et superaltare benedictum et 
sufficiens, et j palla altaris vctus et lupta, et frontale lincum et 
incisum. Item aliud frontale sericum rubeum honestum et 
sufficiens. Item due palle altaris benedicte et integre et suf- 
ficientes, quarum una babel para tu ram striclam de serico operatam 
acu cum iimbriis sericis. Item vestimentum pulcrum cum apparatu 
serico et casula de serico sufficient post tergum aurifrigio largo, et 
corporalia ad illud vestimentum Integra et suffieiencia ; et illud 
vestimentum habct aliud amictum integrum et ornatum serico. 
Item fuit ibi aliud vestimentum magis trituin et ornatum serico 
et corppralibus integris sed infusis, cum casula alba de histamine* 
non ornata, et aliud frontale sericum honcstum cum furura 1 ' linea. 
Item sunt ibi duo altaria extra chorum cum tabuiis ligncis et 
veteribus frontellis parvis, et duabus pallis vetcribus ut vidctur non 

* Fnstameti : fustian. 

b Furnra : the only meaning given by Dncange is Fellitium, Gall. Fourrvre. 
The text, however, seems to require the sense of a border or fringe. 



CHAPTER OF ST. PAUL'S CATHEDPAL IN THE YEAPS 1249-1252. 5 

bencdictia. Item inventa sunt ibi superpellicia duo, majus quod est 
ruptum et parvum quod est integrum ; ct duo roebctti, minor qui 
e>t integrum et major qui est defrustis." Item fuit ibi parvum 
missale et insufficieris sine rota, et destructe rubric© in canone 
misse et alibi in locia pluribus, sine kalendario, plurcs haben? 
defectus. Item fuit ibidem gradale et troparium in uno voluminc 
et aliquantulum sufficiens notatum. Item inventum est ibi anti- 
plionarium cum ympnario capitulario et eolleetario do ordine Sarum. 
haben s kallendarium in capite notatum et aliquantulum sufficiens. 
Item !egenda vetus et rupta, multos babens defectus in principio et 
in fine. Item est ibi psalterium cissum et male paratum : si esset 
ligatum sufiiceret. Item liber manuale plures babens missas ct 
oflkium divcrsum pro vivis baptizandis, ungendis, et pro defunctis 
sepeliendis, babens in fine Commune Sanctorum de antipbonario 
non notatum et aliquantum sufTicicns si esset ]i<raturn. Item est 
ibi pixis vetus ad reponendum Coipus Domini sine sera, et vas 
crismatorium ligneum sine sera et insufficiens. Item due pbiale 
stagnce integre. Item est ibi crux una super altare lignca depicta. 
Item v*" c candelabra stagnca integra. Kullus redditus est ibi ad 
luminare nisi de gracia domini ville. Item plumbum est ibi 
rotundum pro baptistario. Item vaS aquarium sta^ncum. Item 
x aree habitate. sunt in parochia sine curia. Item Capellanus babet 
x acras tcrre arabilis et unum mansum cum tribus domunculis, et 
est capella de patrcnatu Bartbolomei de Capella qui prcsentat 
Decano et Capitulo ut ordinario rectorem perpetuum ad capellam, 
sed non sufficit ei ad sustentacionem. Item sunt ibi due campane. 
Item unum tunibulum vetus, 

S. Pancracitjs. p- i^ b - 

Status ecclesie de Sancto Pancracio. 
Est ibi missale vetus sed sufficiens et notatum et plenarium 
* Dtfrustis : torn.. 



6 VISITATION OF CHURCHES BELONGING TO THE DEAN AND 

habens kalendarium in capite. Item gradale bonum plenarium 
et notatum et sufficiens. Item liber antiphonarius bonus et notatus 
et sumeiens cum ordinall intcrsertum. Item legenda buna et 
sumeiens in uno voiumine, Temporale scilicet et Sanctorum. Item 
duo psalteria satis sufficientia. Item duo libri manuales satis 
sufficientes. Item liber troparius notatus ct eonvenientcr sufficiens. 
Item collectarium et capitularium. Item calix argenteus albua de 
piano opere pondens xxs., cum patena satis sufficiens. Item iiij or 
pallee altaris bencdiete bene sufficientes. Item tria paria vesti- 
mentorum, quorum duo sunt cotidiana Integra et convenienter 
sufliciencia, cum una casula alba veteri et debiii, et tercium magis 
sufficiens cum una casulade serico. Item sunt ibi tria superpellicia 
sufliciencia et unus rcchetus vetus. Item superaltare benedictum 
integrum et sufficiens. Item unum frontale sericum bonum et 
integrum. Item j vetus et parvi precij. Item vas aquarium 
stagneum et sufficiens. Item due phiale stagnee et trite. Item 
unum turribulum parvum. Item vas erismatorium sine sera. 
Item vas stagneum ad reponendum Corpus Dominicum sine sera. 
Item fons lapideus sufficiens. Item duo candelabra stagnea Vetera. 
Item parvus lapis marmoreus ornatus ciipro ad pacem deferendum. 
Item ad Iuminare ecclesie nisi iiij or denary, quos dedit quondam 
Johannes Pigun per manus heredis sui perpetuo. Ada de Basing 
habet tenementum ct forciavit H per viij annos. Item j denarius 
quern assignavit Ilenricus de la Ilulle per manual heredis sui 
perpetuo quern reddit. Item sunt in parochia xxxvj raeeuao-ia, 
exceptis mesuagiis de Tothale, Ruggemere^ et Northb[ur]i, et 
Alkichesbri. De aliis mesuagiis redditur ob >lus ad rotellam, et 
j quadrans ad cereum pasclialem. 
'^S^ Item Vicarius perpetuus habct edificia prope ecclesiam que 

Vicarius K. bene clausit et edificavit. Item habet iiij° r acras terre 
arabilcs et omnes minutas decimaa paroch'udes et prcterea de 
majoribus decimis rccipit c. s. ex assignacione Capituli. Item est 

* Forciavit : has held forcible, or wrongful possession. 



CEAPTKB OF ST. FAUlAs CATHEDRAL IN THE TEAKS ] 249-1252. 7 

ibi ad nuuilonem ecclesie alia area ubi colliguntur deeirne majores, 
c-t introitM ad illam aream obstrictus est per Rlagistnim W. do 
Lichf a et f'acit ibi viani per majus altara. 1 ' Item est ibi defectus 
fenestrarum et muris cancelli extrinsecus. 

Chesewith. 

Ornamenta inventa apud Chesewith die Sanctorum Johannis et 

Pauli c Anno Domini M°CC°L secundo. 
Missale bonum et sufficiens missum ibidem de Thesaurario 
Sancti P&uU. item duo gradalia suffieiencia. Unum troparium 
Bufficiens sed male ligatum. Item vetus liber leccionarins cum 
missis intersertis per loca de usu monachali. Item antiphonarium 
bonum et sufficiens bene notatum. Item psalterium bonum et 
sufficiens. Desit manuale. 

Item calix argenteus parvus et parvi prccij titubans.' 1 Item una 
casula de sameto rubeo bene ornata aurifrigio. Item vestimentum 
integrum instratum paraturis bonis. Item aliud vestimentum cum 
alba casula debili et rupta intcrius, cum dupplicibus manipulis et 
Stolis. Item tria eorporalia benedicta. Item v quu palle altaris 
benedicte et integre, epiarum una habet paruram de rerieo. Item p. !•*« 
pannus scricus de aresta, quam quidem parochianus dedit ecclesie 
integre. Item crismatorium vetus. Item unum vexillum bonum 
et sufficiens. Item nulla pixis ad reponendum Corpus Domini. 
Item duo candelabra enea et duo candelabra stagnea. Item iij or 
phiale stagnee. Item fons debilis et ruptus sine sera. 

Item cancellum debile et coopertum male. Item ad luminare 
nichil certum, nisi collecta ad ccreum paschalem, scilicet de 

» "William de Lich. or do Lichefeld was canon and prebendary of St. Fuucras in 
12^0 and 1258. 

b Altara : so in MS. for altare. 

•.Die sanctorum Johannis et Tauli, martyrnm, that is, Jnnc 20. See the Calen- 
dar of the Sarum JJrcviuri/. 

d Titubans: probably, leaning on one side. 



8 VISITATION OF CHURCHES BELONGING TO THE DEAN AND 

qualibet domo obolus. Item injunctum est parochianis similcm 
collectam ad rotcllam. Item Johannes Bclemenis a habet dimidiam 
maream ad caneellum emend uiri de tcstamento quondam A. 
^^2^ Thesaurarij. b Item ecclesla non est dedicata. Item Vicarius 
habet totum altaragium cum xij acris terrc arabilis, et unain 
acram prati, et unam maream argenti per manum Camerarij. 

ECCLESIE DE LA LEE. 
Status ecclesio de la lee. d 
Descriptus anno eodem in crastino Processi p et Martyris Ecclesia 
ista in medietate subjecta est Decano et Capitulo, sed tamen nichil 
recipient de pensione annua propter ejus paupertatem. 

Ornamenta ejusdem ecclesie. 
Calix argenteus parvus intus deauratus ponderis, ut creditor, 
dimidie marce. Unum par vestimentorum integrum et sufficiens, 
et una alba preter illud par. Due palle benedicte et una non 
benedicta. Tria paria corporal! um. Pannus depictus ante majus 
altare. Unum superpellicium. Unua Ilochetus debilis. Nullum 
missale integrum ; Unum tamen vctus ab adventu usque ad Pascha 
et a Pascha usque ad adventum, in quodani libro, non ligato, 
continente psalterium, ympnarium, pars temporalis. Duo manu- 
alia bona. Temporale integrum non ligatum. Antiphonarius 

* John Belemeus, or Belemeyus, was prebendary of Cuiswick in 1223 and in 
1252. 

b That is, probably, Alexander Swerford, Treasurer of St. Paul's from January, 
1231-32. He died in 124G, and was buried in the Cathedral. He appears to have 
resigned his office sonic few years before his death. 

c Camerarius : the Chamberlain of St. Paul's. 

a Ecclesia de la Lee: called in the later Inventories Westlee. The parish at 
this early date appears to have been very poor. Later on the church fell into 
ruins. 

e St. Processus, July 2 or July 9. His name occurs in a Litany in the Sarum 
Breviary, Fasciculus ii., p. 209 of the reprint. 



CHAPTER OF ST. PAUL'S CATHEDRAL IN THE TEARS 1240-1252. 9 

dcbilis. Gradale dcbile cum tropario. Gradate novum et bonum. 
Quidam liber non ligatus continens partem Missalts sanctorum 
temporalis et psalterij. Turribulum sufficiens. Pixis stagnea 
sine sera in qua deponitur Eukaristia. Crismatorium ligneum 
sine scrura. Sacrarium contritum ct dampnatum. Baptisterium 
piumbeum sulficiens. Non est ibi redditus a=sisus ad luminare, 
nisi tan turn niodo de collecta inter paroebiinos. 



Berling. 

Inventarium apud Berling post mortem Walteri vicarij et 
traditum Petro vicario tempore II. Decani. a 

Fron< ale sericum. Tres palle altaris benedictc. Duo manu- 
tcrgia nova. Tria manutergia Vetera. Pannus lineus ad lectrinum. 
Tabula nova depicta ante magnum altare. Trabs nova depicta 
super antiquam tabulam ante altare. Item vij Wimple'' quarum 
iiij'- r de serico et tres linec. Item una bona nova et linea. Item 
unum superpellicium cum uio roebcto. Item unum lintbeamen 
et unum cbalun. c Item una arcba ad vestimenta de abiete d cum 
sero ferro ligata. Item una crux de admallo et alia lignea depicta. 
Item tria lectrina ad libros. Item fons novus et bene paratu?. 
Item lintbeamen retro crucem. Item ymago sancti Eirydij. 
Item psalterium bonus. Item dimidia Marca ad calicem, de legato P 137b. 
Walteri. Item alba nova cum parura et amita cum parura. Item 
Y que candelabra stagnea ad cereos. Item iiij or ampulle ad vinum 
et aquain. Item crismatorium cum sera. Item baculus depictus 
ad crucem portandam. Item feretrum ad mortuos, et iij sconse 

• That is, between 1243 and 1254. 

b Wimple: Halliwell says, a kind of cape or tippet covering the neck anil 
shoulders. Ducange gives Wimpla, Pepluru. Vide Guimpa, under which word 
he says, •'• Pepltrra, velum muliebre, quo etiamnnm utuntur monachal." 

' Chalun : probably a funeral pall. See infra, p. 27. 

d Archa de abietc : a chest of fir wood. 

CAilD. SOC. C- 



K^w 



10 VISITATION OF CHUUCHES BELONGING TO THE DEAN AKD 

ad candelas. Item vaa etagneum ad aquam bencdietara cum 
aspersorio. Item pelvis stagnca ad sacrarium ct due campane. 

Status ecclesie de Barling. 

o 

Capitulum saneti Pauli habet omnes majores decimas de dominlca 
et parochia ad luminare ecclesie beafi Pauli. Vicarius autem habet 
unam virgatam terre in dominico cum manso honesto et domibivs 
bene edificatis. Item etiam omnes minores decimas tocius villate 
et decimas minutas de tolo villenagio et aliis terris antiquis que 
tracts sunt ad dominieum. Habet ciium tricesimam partem minu- 
tarum decimarum de toto veteri dominico, et portat onera ecclesie 
debita et eonsueta. De spiritual bus respondet Decano et Capitulo. 

Item Reginaldus Wile habet xij matrices oves de testamento 
Walteri Pavery ad inveniendum eereum ante altare saneti Eoidij. 
Item habet unam ovem de Walterd Upeton' ad eereum ante 
crucem. Item habet unam ovem dc testamento .Ao-netis de la 
Weylete ad eereum ante ymaginem saneti Nicholai. De qualibet 
ove annuatim ij denary. Item Petrus Faber habet v oves ad 
eereum ante crucem. Item Absalon habet xvj oves, de quibus 
iiij or oves sunt ad lampades et alie ad eereum ante crucem et ante 
ymaginem saneti Xicholai. Pern Willielmus filius Baudewini habet 
x oves ad eereum ante ymaginem beate Yirginis. Item Bricius 
tenetur invenire eereum ante altare saneti Egidij, dicit quod de 
quad am terra quam dedit ei pater suqs. Item Johannes Crabbe 
habet vj oves ad eereum beate Yirginis et saneti Xicholai. Item 
Screwind habet unam overn ad eereum beate Yirginis. Item relicta 
Cestre babet iij oves ad ruele 8 et eereum. Item "Willielmus Per- 
mentarius b habet ij oves ad eereum ante crucem. Item Ricardua 
capellanus habet iiij 01 ' oves ad eereum ante crucem. 

Summa ovium ad luminare ") 

ecclesie tempore hujus descripcionis J X ^' 

■ Ruele : the Rotniulale, or Rowel light. 

b Pewnentarins, sen parmentarins, ex paramentarivs, qui vestes parat, id est, 
ornat : iiostris olim I'annciitur, qui hodie tafflevr d'habits. — Ducan^e. 



CHAPTER OF ST. TAVl's CATHEDRAL IN THE YEARS 1249-1252. 11 



HeybregI* 

Hec sunt orhamenta ecclesie de Heybreg. 

Duo Gradalia scilicet unum bonum ct aliud vetus et tercium fere 
nullius prccij. Ur.um temporale cum ) r mpnario Sanctorum per 
sc, consuctudinarius quia nullus. Duo antiphonarij, unus novus et 
bonus, ct alius tritus et inveteratus. Unus portebors. a Unum 
processionalc. Unum bonum missale. Duo psalteria, unum retus 
et unum bonum novum ex dono dcmiai Gosselmi in presencia 
domini Decani. Unus calix argenteus bene deauratus ihtus et 
exterius. Tria paria vestimcntovum dobilium cum ornamentis suis, 
ct post aliud bonum cum bona easula de serico. Quatuor pallee 
altaris benedicte et quinta non bencdicta. Unum velum quadra- 
gesimale. Unum lintlieamcn ante crucem. Tria paria corpora- 
liura. Una pixis stagnca ad deponendum Corpus Domini. Unum 
crismatorium competens cum sera. v quc vexilla et unus draco. b p. 13. 
Una crux cuprea, ct alie trcs depicte lignee. Tres tabule ad 
magnum altare posite gradatim in assensu, c et una tabula coram 
altari beatc Marie, et alia tabula coram altari beati Jacobi. Duo 
superpellicia et ij rocheta. Ecclesia dedicata est in honore sancti 
Andree die translacionis sancti Benedieti. d Eodem die xxx dies 
veniales. 6 Item fons baptismalts bonus et novus. 

Ex legato Radulphi sacerdotis ad lampadem in cancello ante 

* Portehors : a breviary. 

b Draco : Effigies draconis, qua; curn vexillis, in ecclesiasticis processionibns 
deferri solet, qua vel Diabolus ipse, vel haresis designantur, de quibus triumpbat 
Ecclesia. — Ducange. Diabolus enim, ut ait S. Aagustinus (Horn. 30" in Scripturis 
Sanctis), Lro et Draco est : Leo propter imjictttm. Draco propter inshlias. 

c Gradatim in ascensa : this arrangement does not reeur in these Inventories. 

d Translatio S. Benedicti : July 11. Here, as in many other instances, the day of 
the patron saint is not the day of the Dedication of the Church. 

c Triginta dies Venialcs : an indulgence of thirty days of pardon to those who 
beard Mass on this day. 



12 VISITATION OF CHUHCHES BELONGING TO THE DEAN AND 

altare bcati Andree j ovcm. Bartholomcus Faber j ovem. Egidia 
vidua j overn. TVillielmus de Crabeham j ovem. Bartholomcus 
Tuber respondet et lampadam sustinct modo Gunilda uxor ejus. 
Item ad cereum faciendum in vigilia bears Marie. Egilia de la 
Hale dedit j ruscam n et j vaccain, de quarum exitu Roger lc Ilert 
modo responded ad sustcntacionem unius lampadis imperpetuum 
ante altare beate. Marie. IdemTioger j angnnm b de legato habet, 
modo est ovis. Johannes films Galfndi Meifey habet j ovcm. 
Willielmus tester j ovem. Gilbcruis prepositus j ovcm. Juliana 
filia Willielmi Gobbe j ovcm. Johannes de Fonte j ovem de 
testaments Johannis filij Willielmi Standliard pro qualibet dabitur 
ijd. In vigilia sahcte l rinitatis Alexander de Boseo recipet iiij or 
matrices oves ex tcstamento Cristmc filie Sirich But, pro quibus 
dabit viijd annuatim ad luminare trium altarium et ante crucem. 
Memorandum quod Paganus de Boscho recepit j vaccain precii iiij s. 
et iij oves prccij iij s. de tcstamento Johannis de Araz, ad 
sustentacionem unius lampadis ante crucem imperpetuum, ct 
ardebit singulis annis per iiij" r noctes festivales. 

De ponte de Hegbreg. 

Isti tenent oves ad emendacionem pontis. c Roger pistor d j ovem. 
Bncius pistor iij oves. Jordanus de Bosco ij oves. Alexander 
Sprot j ovcm. Ilieardus Buell j ovem. Pctrus de cruce j ovem. 

Isti sunt tcnentes oves ad rotam. Eadmundus de Marisco ij 
oves, Iiicardus Saucgel j ovcm, Eadwardus pistor iiij oves, Ro«er 
Sprot j ovem, Eadwardus Seldarke j ovem, Villefredus Heselet ij 
oves, Matilda de Mora j ovem, Matillda buclt j ovem. 

• Kusca : Apinm cubile voce Hvtca revera inteiligendum esse confirrnant charta 
annum circiter 10S0, c tabulario S. Allini Andcgavensis. Vide Thomani Blount 
in Nomolexico Anglicano, et supra vocem Hatha, ubi Hugta butyri meinoratnr 
pro certa botyri qnantitatc seu mass* ruscam apium fortcan referente. — Dncange. 

b Angnnm : that is, agnnm. 

c Pons : the bridge from which Ileybridge is so called. 

d Pistor : the miller. 



CHAPTER OF ST. TATTL's CATHEDRAL TK THE TEARS 1249-1252. 13 

Status ecclcsic de Hcgbreg. 

David vieariu? perpetuus habet domos bonas ct aream propc <<; 
ecclesiam. Infra vicaria habet altaragium cum tcrris pertinentibus 
ad vicaviam de curia et de tota villata, sed inter festum ad vincula* 
non reditur decima de caseo vcl lacte curie, nee de ATolendinoquia 
est in dominico. Decima dominij,et parocbie datur integraliter de 
garbis ad luminare beati Pauli. b Keddit ecclesia synodales et 
denarios ut in prima inquisicione \Yillielmi c Decani Eadulphi. d 

Tenentes de ecclesia dc Heubrcg. 

Clemens ad Moram v acris in duabus croftis et reddit xx d. 
Johannes Gobbe j acra et reddit vj d. Walter Seler v acris et 
reddit xij d. Jobannes ad portam j parvam grovam et reddit iiij d 
sed grava destructa est. Johannes Herde iij acras et reddit xij d 
per Magistrum W. de Purle. Walter Trip j curtiiagium et reddit 
vj d per Magistrum W. de Purle. 

TlLLINGIIAM. p 138b 

Ornamcnta ecclesie de Tillingbam in die Translaeionis beati 
Wlstani Wvgomiensis Episcopi, c Anno gracie M° CC° xl° nono. 
Yisitante Henrico Decano. 

Missale satis bonum et novum notatum cum littera aurea in 
principio. Item missale vetus sine nota. Item ordinale de usu 
sancti Pauli. Item gradale cum suo tropario notato. Item 

* Ad vincula : that is, S, Peter ad vinculo, August 1. 

b Beati Pauli : St. Paul's Cathedral. 

c Willielmi Decani : Up to this period three deans of St. Paul's had borne the 
name of William. The first, William. 11 J 1-1138 ; the second, William de Basinges, 
about 1212 ; the third, William de Sancta Maria. 1241-1243. 

d Badnlphus : There is no Ralph amongst the list of deans until the well-known 
Ealph de Baldock, 1291-1306. The name Williehni is marked with dots below it, 
as for erasure, and the name Badulphi is inserted by a somewhat later hand ; but 
probacy the original reading is correct. 

« Translatio beati Wlstani : that is, June 7. 



14 VISITATION OF CHURCHES BELONGING TO THE DEAN AND 

gradate sine trbpario bonum ct novum. Item antiphonarium cum 
collectario, capitulario, ympnario, i n magno volumine. Item 
legenda bona cum p.salterio in principio. Item ij psalteria Vetera. 
Item processionale bonum. Item tropatium in uno volumine per 
Be bonum ct bene notatum. hem manuale. Item martylo^ium 
satis bonum et novum. Item antiphonarium sine collectario capell'" 
ympnario. 

Item ij paria vestimentovum festivalium parata serico, quorum 
unum hnbe't casulam de serico cum laeia aurifriwiis. Item vesti- 
mentum pcrtinens ad altare sancte Marie cum casula de vetcri 
serico. Item ij paria vestiinentorum fori ilium trita cum casula de 
fust.iminc. Item iiij nr paria corporalium. Item ij albe cum una 
amicta de aurifrigio in trib-is liustis, quarum una bene parata 
serico, et alia sine paratura. Item casula vetus non magni precij. 
Item x palle bencdicte quarum due parate una serico ct altera 
aurifrigio. Item eapa cliori crocea cum duobus tasseilis h brusdatis 
Majestate et Maria. Item ij superpellicia et nullum rochetum. 
Item velum bonum ct novum de pannis tinctis incisis. Item ij° 
manutergia. Item iiij or lintlieaminia ad altarc. Item tres 
panni vetercs ad cooperiendum altare. Item tria tapeta Vetera. 
Item panni crismajes, lvj. d Item ealix argenteus intus ct deforis 
deauratus. Item alius calls tantummodo deauratus cum pomello 
deaurato. Item crux cooperta argento. Item due pelves de 

• * Capcll': probably for capitolario. 

. b Tassellas : pro humerali pluvialis seu anrco argentcove ant serico textili, qno 
tribes sacra; postica para adnrnamr. — Ducange, 

c Majestas : figura l'atris retcrui in throno sedentis, ant Crucilixi imn^o, quit in 
anliqnis missal ibas picta est ante canonem .... nnde in qnibusdam legitur ha;c 
rubriea, Osculctur Majcsta*, aut QteuTetitr Majcstatem. — Ducange. 

d lvj : so in MS. " It would seem ib:it tbese chryeoms formed a part of tbe 
small revenues of a parish church, being kept and lent on occasions to people too 
poor to provide decent ones for themselves. In tbe odd collection of miscellaneous 
matter called Arnold's Chi'onidc, we find an entry in ' the valew and styut of tbe 
benefyee of Saint Magnus at London brydge ;«erly to tbe person,' as follows : 
' C[ O'^soms and pre ivy tythes.' " 

This is in 1494. Monument^ Jiitualia, second edition, i., 27. 



CHAPTER OF ST. PATJl/s CATHEDRAL IN THE YEARS 1249-1252. 15 

asmallo. Item duo urcci a de stagno. Item duo urcei de asmallo. 
Item turribulum vetus. Item navicula ad imponendum incensum. 
Item unum lavatorium ereum. Item iiij 01 ' arche ad imponenda 
vestimenta et alia ornamenta eeelcsie. Item pixis argentea ad 
Corpus Domini. Item teca yburnea. Item tria vexilla nova 
parata aureis pellis de nrmis Regiis. h Item iiij° r vexilla non nova. 
Item reliquiare in fere'ro ligneo deiurato. Parvus pecten longum 
quondam beati Thome, c ut dicitur. Item parvum ferctrura de 
ossibus, cum parvis reliquiis. 

Item ad luminare ejusdem ecclesie eodem tempore Pndulphus dc 
I lore tenet j ovem pro ij d per annum, Kadulphus Crux iij oves 
]>ro vj (1, Godefridus Groin j ovem pro ij d, Eobertus fi'ius Hugelot 
j ovem pro ij d, Roger del Perer iij oves pro vj d. Eudo mereator 
iiij oves pro viij denariis et obolo et manet extra parochiam, 
Johannes Snot ij oves pro viij d et manet extra parochiam, Adam 
de Gii-le j ovem pro ij d, Petrus de Gaysle j ovem pro ij d, 
Ricardua Manctildus ij oves pro iiij d, Ricardus Passeauaunt j 
ovem pro ij d, Henrieus Oches ij oves pro iiij d, Eadwardus Brid j 
ovem pro ij d, Walterus King ij oves pio iiij denariis, Radulphus 
de Campo j ovem pro ij d, Adam Tik ij oves pro iiij d, Williemus 
Passeauant ij oves pro vj d, Johannes de Estware j ovem pro ij d 
(t manet extra 'parochiam, Walterus Passeauant ij oves pro iiij d, 
Waltcrus Pcrmentarius j ovem pro ij d, Mcholaus Bercher j ovem p< \m. 
pro ij d, Reginuldus Bruri j ovem pro ij d, Johannnes filius 
Aylwini ij oves pro iiij d, Johannes Cok j ovem pro ij d. 
Kadulphus Hore tenet j vaccam ad lumen Sancte Marie. Leticia 
uxor Gilbert! j vaccam et j ovem ad cereum Sancte Marie. 
Henrieus Persona j vaccam ad lumen Sancte Marie et j ovem ad 
lnmen Sancti Michaelis. "Walterus Clericus tenet j equum et j 
ovem et j a^num precij viij S ad inveniendum cereum ante crucem. 
Hugo Koc v oves pro x d. Godefridus filius Payn viij oves pro 

• Urceus : a pitcher. 

b Vexilla : banners -with the "Royal Anns. 

c The comb of St. Thomas a Uccket. 



16 VISITATION OF CHUECHES BELONGING TO THE DEAN AND 

xvj d per annum, et sunt in arreragio xvj s de xvj annis, de quibus 
Saerus Vicarius fuit executor. Gunnor uxor Symonis iij oves 
pro vj d, et detinet ij oves. Rogerus Godsaule j ovem pro ij d. 
Johannes Bereher j ovcm pro ij J. Johannes filius Philippi ij 
oves pro iiij d. Odo Carpentaria j ovem pro iij d ob. Waltenw 
filius Beyneri iiij oves pro viij d. Godefridus Comes iij oves pro 
vj d. Thomas filius Buldewini ij oves j)ro iiij d. Eustachius iiij 
oves pro viij d. Symon de Slo v oves pro x d, et delinct omnes. 
Badulphus Pach j ovem pro ij d. O«!o le Poter v oves pro xxd. 
Odo de Gardino j ovem pro ij d. Elyas Molcndimuius j ovem pro 
ii d. Gervasius ij oves pro iiij d. Matilda Bosse j ovem pro ij d. 
Ipolitus ij oves pro iiij d, extra parochiam. Johannes Bosse ij 
oves pro iiij d. Willielmus de Hida ij oves pro iiij d. Bon-erus 
Grom j ovem pro ij d. Sawale Dote j ovem pro iij ob. Gumfridua 
Hacun ij oves pro iiij d, extra parochiam. Bobertus Otewy ] 
ovem j d, extra parochiam. 

Status ecclesie de Tyllingham deficit hie quoad vicariam. 



Aldebiri. 

Status ecclesie de Aldebiri inventus est in festo Sancti Marci Anno 
grade M° CC° Iij. 

Missalc vetus cum gradali bene notato et de bona littera in 
debili percameno et male ligatum, habens multa folia rupta. Item 
Gradalc vetus et notatum male ligatum ncn do usu London ecclesie. 
Item liber troparius notatus in debili percameno et paret sufficiens. 
Item liber breviarius cum antiphonario notato de bona litcra, veteri 
male ligatus et male custoditus, habens in capite kalendarium 
vetus. Item liber manual is cum collcctis et capitulia et quibusdam 
exorcismis, et cum ympnis in fine, non ligatis, aliquantulum bene 
sufficiens. Bern psalterium vetus male sullieiens, quia male custo- 
ditum. Item aliud psalterium aliquantulum sufficiens. Item pars 
antiphonarij, incipiens a dominica prima post octabas Pcntecostes 



CIIAPTEB OF ST. PAUL'S CATHEDRAL IN THE YEAUS 1249-1252. 17 

usque nil priraam dominieam mensis Augusti; temporalis, scilicet 
tio«tinodum sequituT Officium Trinitatis cum scquentibus festivita- 
tibus Sanctorum usque ad festum Sancti Andree. Item offieium 
Dedicacionis Ecclesie, et postmodum Commune Sanctorum. Anti- 
phonarium usque commune Officium de Virginibus totum notatum 
cum foliis ruptis et male custoditis. Item parvus liber ordinalis in 
quaternis non ligutis. 

Item calix argenteUs albus exterius cum tupsa* dcaurata intcrius 
cum cupa vacillante, alius sufliciens. Item unum vestimentum 
velus et plenarium cum corporalibus, sed casula ejusdem vetus et 
rupta .^ed scpullure tantum apta. Item aliud vestimentum melius 
cum paraturis de panno serico plenarium et sulliciens cum corporali- 
bus, el cum casula de panno serico ornato paupere aurifrigio dissuta 
antcrius, alias sufliciente. Item iiij 01 ' palle altaris benedicte quarum 
ij' habent paraturas. Item vas crematorium stagneum et sufliciens 
bed non habet seram. Item nullum vas ad reponendum Corpus 
Domini, nisi tamen una pixis ad portandum ad egrotos. 

Item j rocbettum et duo supcrpellicia. Item units pannus de p. 13%. 
reins, 1 ' ut videtur, ad cooperiendos mortuos. Item iij panui 
fron tales de f'emis c sullicientes aliquantulum. Item manutergium 
unum ad sacrariufn integrum et sufliciens et aliud pjtrvum ad 
lcctorium. Item' crux stagnea et depicta super maju< altare, et 
alia parva et portabilis ad efTerendunu hem iiij° r phiale stagnee 
aliquantulum sufHcientes. Deficit vas aquarium et candelabra 
Btagnea deiliciunt et calix stagneus. Dcficiunt et cathene de 
turribulo. 

Ite*n due lampades sunt coram majori altari quas invenit Jamus d 

* Tnpsa. So in MS. Did the scribe intend to write capsa ? 

b De rems : that is, cloth of Rheims. 

1 l)e i'einis. So in MS. Perhaps of Venice work. "The looms of Lucca, 
Florence, Genoa, Venice, aftd Milan earned for themselves a good repute in some 
particulars, and a wide trade for their gold and silver tissues, their velvets, and their 
figured, silken textiles."— Rock, Textile Fabric*, Ixxi. 

d Junius. The scribe seems to have lapsed into English with a Latin termi- 
nation. 

CAMO. SOC. D 



18 VISITATION OF CHURCHES BELONGING TO THE DEAN AND 

fratcr Johannia de Patemore ex gracia et quidera alii pafochiani 
terciam lampadcm continue ardentem in officio debent invenire; 
Thesaurarius non invenit, sed habet vij acras terre arabilis de dono 
quondam Symonis Baard ad istam inveniendam. Item cereum 
paschalem invenit, parochia per domos et fainillas et rotcllam simili 
tnodo. Item cereos et aliud luminarc votivum inveniunt parochiani 
secundum sua votaj item vexilla, quia nulla. Item f'ons baptismalis 
in pariete undique discoopertus. Item cancellum vetus et male 
obseratum ad quod reparandum quindeeirn marcc sunt prompte de 
legato quondam A. Thesaurarii. 8 De quibfls :nx solidi libeiantur 
magistro Willielmo procuratori F. Thesaurarii h ad minutos lapidea 
eolligendos per parochiam. Item ecclesia non est dedicata. 
Dicitur quod J. Bayard habuit magnam partem illorum lapidum. 
Ecclesia in lateribus male eooperta et instrieta. Cirniterium malam 
habet claustratn. Item Capellanus qui ministrat ibidem habet 
totum altaragium cum minutis decimis, et solvit Thesaurario xl§. 

Pelliiam Fornell. 

Status ecclesie de Pellham fornell c inventus in i'esto Sancti Marci 
Anno Domini M°CC° lij. 

Inventum est Missale plenaiiuin cum gradali bene notato et 
suffieiens, habens kalendarium in eapite, finiens in collectis 
omnibus pro defunctis. Item in uno volumine troparium et 
gradale satis plena rium et notatum, Fed male ligatum cum foliis 
ruptis ct veteribus. Item in uno volumine legenda bona et 
sumcienSj temporale cum psaltcrio bono post legendam terminans 
in fine cum antiphona naive JRegitut. Item legenda sanctorum in 
quaternis, incipiens a festo Sancti Andree et terminans in brevi 

■ A.: that is, probably, Alexander Swcrford, Treasurer of St. Paul's Cathedral, 
1231-1233, or later. 

b F.: tbat is, probably, Fulk de Sannford, Treasurer of St. Paul's. 

1 Pellhaw Fornell: otherwise called, as in the later inventories, Pclham Furncaux. 



CFIAPTER OP ST. PAUL'S CATHEDRAL IN THE TEAKS 1249-1252. 19 

lc<*cntla in Dedicacione Ecclesie, sine legenda de Communi 
Sanctorum. Item in alio volumine male iigato est breviarium 
habena kalendarium in capite, collectarium interraixtum cum 
anliphonario notato et psalterio et ympnario, et cum proprio 
officio Sanctorum quod in parte non est notatum, nee London ncc 
Sarum ordinem continet, Aniens in officio plurimarum Virginum. 
Item deest liber manualis cum exorcismis et officio mortuorum et 
baptismi. Item est ibi pavvuni psalterium bonum ct sufilciens. 

Item inventum est ibi vestimentum plenum paratum dc serico, 
cum casuli de serico Integra et sufficient!, et cum corporalibus 
intcgris, ct cum tribus pallis altavis bencdictis, quarum due habent 
p.uutunts de serico veteres. Item aliud vestimentum minus festivale, 
or na turn paraturia sericis tritum ct debile, cum casula de Histamine 
rubeo veteri et debili cum corporalibus. Item aliud vestimentum 
vctus et insuflicicns, aptum sepulture. Non est ibi rocbettus, sed 
sunt ibi tria superpellicia quorum duo integra et tercium tritum. 
Item calix parvus vix ponderis x solidorum alba cum cupa interiua 
dcaurata. Item crismatorium stagneum sufficiens tamen sine sera. 
Item vetus pixis ossea, continens parvam pixidem stangneam ad P- 110 - 
reponendum Corpus Dominicum, res nihil et vilis. Item frontale 
nullius precij ad majus altare, et majus altare habet tabulam 
lapideam bonam et suffieientera non benedictam. Item tamen 
Buperaltare parvum bencdictum et sufficiens ad tempus. Item 
unicum est ibi manutergium ad ablucionem manuum sacerdotis 
integrum. Item parvum velum quadragesimale vetus, nullius 
precij. Item ad sacrarium sunt parva manutergia de crismalibus. 
Est ibi turribulum parvum. Item iiij cr candelabra stagnea ad 
ccreos portandos Vetera. Item iiij or pliiale stagnee veteres. Item 
tantum unica crux ad portandum et ad offerendum. Item sunt ibi 
extra cliorum iiij altaria, quorum tria habent lapideas tabulas bonas 
et honestas, quart um est de fragmentis et nullum benedictum. 
Item ad altare Sancti Nicholai frontale habet honestum de panno 
inpiso, et pallam altaris bordatam dc panno serico ex provisione et 
gracia R. Capellani. Item est ibi fons lapideus intus vestitus 



20 VISITATION 01' CHURCHES BELONGING TO THE PEAN AND 

plumbo BufficienSj sed non habct scram. Item ecclesia bene 
cooperta. 

Item nullus redditus assisus est ad luminare, nee est ibi rotella. 
Cereus paschalis colligitur fortuito, tamen tenentes decern ct octo 
acras dant obolum, tenentes medictatem solvunt pro medictate. 
Reliqui cerei et lampades coram cruclbus et altaribua totum votivum 
et nichil eertum. Item archa est in custodia Capellani ad reponenda 
vestimenta et Iibros ccclesie. Item desunt vitrlnc due in cancello. 
Item iiij or vexiila ad nichil apta. Item deficit vas aquarium 
stagneum. Item cimiterium pessime clausum veteribus spinis. 
Ik^j^ Item Capellarius ibidem niinistrans habct totum altaragium cum 
minutis decimis et solvit xx solidos Thesaurario. 

Pelham Arsa. 

Status ccclesie de Pelham Arsam inventus in crastino Sancti Marci 
Ewangeliste Anno Domini M°CCMij n . 

Missale cum kalendario cum gradali bene notato plenarium et 
sufliciens sed male ligatum. Item gTadale in uno volumine 
silfliciens sed male ligatum. Item troparium in quaternis non 
ligatum et semiplenum. Item breviarium in duobus voluminibus 
temporale per se, cum antiplionario bene notato cum psalterio 
ordinato pro majori parte. In alio [vo]lumine Proprie Sanctorum 
et Commune Sanctorum, cum antiphonario nullius ordinis et 
pessime utrisque ligatis. Deilicit autem ibi liber manualis et liber 
ordinalis et media pars troparij. 

Item calix argenteus albus cum pomello deaurato et circulo pedis 
et eupa interius deaurata, ponderis circitcr j marce. Item est ibi 
unum vestimentum cum casula vetcri ct insufficient!, et cum cor- 
poralibus et plenarium. Item est ibi aliud vestimentum vcterius et 
minus sufliciens, cum casula vcteri de fiistamine, cum corporalibus 
sepulture vix sufliciens. Item vctus superpellicium et ruptum, 
nullum rocliettum. Item iiij or palle altaris benedicte, quarum ij 
p. 140b. iusufficientea ct rnpte. Item est ibi frontale dc serico honestum. 



CHAPTER OF ST. PAUL'S CATHEDRAL IN TEE YEARS 1249-1252. 21 

Item aliud frontale incisum de pannis lineis tinctis. Item nulle 
palle ad eacrarium nee ad manus sacerdotis. Nullum velum quad- 
ragcsimale' est ibi. Unuui vexillum de serico parvnm crocco et 
rubeo. Item vas crismatorium Btagncum sufficiens sed sine sera. 
Item parvula pixis Btagnea ad Corpus Domini reponendum debilis 
et insufficient, in bursa pendens super altare in periculo. Item est 
ibi tabula lapidea satis sufficiens ad ma jus altare, non benedicta. 
Jtcm superaltare benedictum et sufficiens. Parietes cancelli sine 
linoamento cementi. Deest vitrina ubi sedent ad psallendum. Est 
ibi fons lapideus interius instructus plumbo sine sera. Unica crux 
est ibi in majori altari nee altera ad efrerendum. Item tres veteres 
pliialc stagnee. Item turribulum parvum et parum sufficiens. 

Ad luminare ejusdem eeclesic est nichil certum, sed cereus 
paschalis coliigitur, scilicet, quadrans de quolibet mesuatdo ex 
consuetudine. Item ij candelabra stagnea Vetera. Due acre de 
done- quondam Galfridi Sarvors sunt in dominico Thesaurarii, pro 
duobuS ecrcis inveniendis in majori altari, sed tempore F. a 
Thesaurarii niehil inde ministravit ecclesie. Relictum luminare 
ecclesie totum votivum est. Altaragiuin preter medietatem primi s?^ 
legati reddit j marcam. De residuo sustentatur Capellanus et 
Clericus suus animus. Ecelesia est de beata Yirgine et non 
dedicata. Capellanus hospieiolum habet prope cimiterium in fundo 
ecclesie. Palle non dantur eis ad stauramenta ecclesie. Item deest 
aquarium. Due parve earnpane sunt ad efferendum coram 
defunctis. Item cimiterium pessime clausum. Gradus ante altare 
majus lutei sunt sine lapide sine ligno et sine cemento. Deest pixis 
ad hostias. 

■ F. Thesanrarii : see supra, p. 18. 



22 VISITATION OF CHTJBCHES BELONGING TO THE DEAN AND 



Nastok. a 

Ornamenta apud XastoK inventa in crastino Sancti Gregorij Anno 
Domini ^PCC'lj . 1 ' 

Missale novum et plenarium et bene notatum, habens in capite 
kalendarium, illuminatum auro, et duas primas literas ejusdem 
missalis illumiaatas auro, et terminamr post Oflicium Defunctorum 
in tribus collacionibua do Sancta Kadegunda. Item bona lcLrer.da 
in duobus voluminibus paribus et ligatis in asseribus. Item duo 
libri antiphonariis bene notatis, sed non secundum consuetudinem 
London, quorum alter male ligatus. Item gradale bonum et bene 
notatum sed male ligatum, cum tropario bene notato. Item aliud 
missale bonum et bene notatum ted magis tritum. Item psalterium 
bonum et sufficiens. Capitularium et ympnarium bene notatum, 
habens in fine Commune Oflicium Sanctorum notatum et kalen- 
darium in principio. Item parvus liber manualis non ligatus cum 
oflicio defunctorum. Item liber qui dicitur ordinalis de bona litera 
sed male ligatus, habens kalendarium debile in capite. Item calix 
argenteus ponderis xiiijs et parum plus tenuis. Item ad majus 
altare sunt tres palle benedicte et iiimm frontale vetus. Ad altare 
beate Marie sunt tres palle benedicte et bone. Ad aliud altare 
Sancti Jacobi sunt nlie palle non benedicte. Item sunt ibi tria ves- 
timenta plenaria cum tribus casulis, quorum unum magnum 
sollempnc et sufficiens, reliquum cum casula de serico debili et 
paupere auiifrigio, tercium minus sufliciens cum casula de albo 
fustamine. Item duo paria corporalium Integra et sulliciencia. 
Item due ampulle et una pelvis stagnea. c Item unum turribulum de 

■ In the margin is the following note : " Deficit Lie et infra de statu ecclcsiaram 
prtterquam de enaamentia. Nastok', Thorp', Walton', Kyrkeby, Belcham, Wvkham, 
Tylliugham, Chingelford, Berncs, Draytone, RonevreH." 

'" St. Gregory's day is March 12. 

c In the margin is a note : " Ornameuta apud Nastok' inrenta in crastino Sancti 
Gregorij, Anno Domini M CC°lj°. M 



CHAPTER OF ST. PAUL'S CATUEDEAL IN THU YEAES 1249-1252. 23 

tempore Limoniocensi.* Item crux una de codem opere. Item 
crismatorium stngneum aliquantulum suilieiens. Item pixis eburnea P* UL 
ad Corpus Domini, sed non habet vaa in quo reponatur. Item ij 
Buperpeflicia sufficiencia et unum b vetus minus sufliciens. Item ij 
rochctti veteres. Item ij veteres casulc inutiles preter supradictas, 
jusse suM desttui et fieri frontalia; et duo albe veteres sepulture 
defunctorum tantum suflicientes. Item ad rotellani colliguntur per 
villatam xxxij d, scilicet de mesuagio obolus, et tantum colligitur ad 
cereum paschalem. Propter supradicks denarios constitutus est 
rodditu c per Johannem de Bellies: scilicet, xxiij d, de Waltero 
Tcrri et heredibus suis, et j d de liadulpho le Bunde de terra que 
vocatur Assartum quam Johannes de Bernes tenuit de Johanne 
Wig ct solvitur ad Pascha ad duos c cereos ante altare beate Virginis. 
Item ccclesia dedicata iuit: ruptum et post superaltare. Item 
velum quadragesimale vetus et debile. 



Torp. 

Ornamentn inventa in ecclesia de Torp'. d 

Calix argenteus fi actus et parvi piecij. Item missale vetus et 
notatum habeas kalendarium in capite aliquantulum suilieiens. 
Item gradale vetus et notatum, non ligatum et male sufficiens. 
Item breviariuin vetus cum psaltcrio in capite et cum antiphonario 
non notato inter legend a, et male ligatum et ruptum. Item anti- 
phonarium in asseribus vetus et notatum, multos habens delectus 
et male ligatum, continens Officium Sanctorum cum temporale. 
Item liber portehors, qui est Yicarij, de minuta litera habens 

° Of Limoges work. 

b The scribe has written unus, but he has placed a mark of erasure under the filial 
letter. 

* The scribe has written ad duos temiincs, but has erased the last word. 
- Torp': that is, Thorpe. 



24 VISITATION OF GHUBCHE8 BELONGING TO THE DEAN AND 

legendam et plura rcsponsoria et ympnarium cum capitulario et 
collectario et psalterio. Item parvus liber ympnarius sine asseribus. 
Item liber ordinalis in asseribus habens ofTieium quarandam pro- 
cession um in fine. Item allud gradale vetus in ass&ribus et 
notatum sine regula, habens troparium in fine m-ale sufficicns. 
Item aliud veius notatum in asseribus. Item ij vestimenta 
plenaria sunt ibi cum casulis, quarum una vetus et trita, et alia 
nova de serico bona et sufficicns. Item iij pille altaris novc et 
benediote. Item iij veteres quarum alio benedicte et j insufficiens. 
Item parva pixis argcntea ad Corpus Domini reponendum, sed 
deest lignea sine sera ad illam claudendam. Item ij paria corpora- 
Hum sordida sed Integra. Item vas erismatorium vetus et ruptum 
et sine sera. Item tres phiale cum pelvi stagnea. Item turribulum 
ferreuin et vetus. Item velum quadragesimale vetus et omnino 
insufficiens. Item duo superpellicia et anus rochettus nullius 
precij. Item alia manutcrgia ad sacrarium sordida et rupta. 
Item vas aquarium stagneum ct sufficiens. Item ij yconie beat© 
sialic honestc ad ma jus altare, ct tabula depicta loco frontalis. 
Item ymago lignea. 



Isti subscripti tenent peeora ad sustentacioncm luminaris ecclesie 
de Torp', scilicet oves. 

Ricardus Sap . . ij Gervawus Derman . . ij 

p. 141b. Hugo earectariua . . iij Edilda vidua j 

Andreas Turben . • ij Wiilielmus de Hida . . j 

Radulphus Belle . . iiij Johannes filius Kicardi . j 

Alicia relicta Almere . ij Radulphus portarius . ij 

Heymuudus filius Marci . ij Wiilielmus Bercarius . ij 

Sa^rim ij Thomas filius Symonis . ij 

Summa xxviij et de qualibet redduntur ij d ] 

per annum ad roteliam. j 



CHAPTER OF ST. PAUl/s CATHEDRAL IN THE YEARS 1249-1252. 25 



J tern alia pccora ad luminare ad cercos coram cruce. 



Thomas filius Symonis 
Tholnas Crol . 
liogerus Goldwin 
Kicardus Gulidcnkewold n 
Eadmundus Campe . 
"Walterus Hubert 

Summa x>: 



Sagfim . 

Radulphus dc Duna 
Ricavdus Diabolus h 
Walterus Baz . 

Cristina vidua . 
Robertus Walsrorum 



de qualibct redduntur ij d ad / 



ccreos coram cruce. 



Item alia pccora ad luminare Sancte Margarcte. 



E idmundua Campe . 
WilHelmus bercarius c 
Johannes li ooter 



Hugo eareetarius 
Hevmundus sutor 



J 

"J 

J 



Summa vj et de qualibet redduntur ij denarij ^ 
ad luminare beate Margarcte in capella > 
extra ecclesiam per annum. ) 

Item alia pccora ad luminare Sancte Marie in capella extra ecclesia'n. 



Robertus Walgor . . j Eadmundus Campe . 

Hugo Sagor j Heymundus sutcr 

Johannes Blundus . . j 



Summa v et de qualibet redduntur ij denorij ad 
luminare beate Marie in capella extra ecclesiam 
per annum. 

■ The fourth letter in this name has a dot beneath it, marked, probably, for 
erasure. 

b Kicardas diabolus. Is this a village nickname, or can it possibly be an attempt 
to latinise Devillc ? 

c Uercarius: a shepherd. 
CAMD. SOC. K 



26 VISITATION OF CHUECIIES BELONGING TO THE DEAN AND 

Item alia pecora ad cereos coram beata Yirginis" juxta majus altare. 

Hugo Horencok . . ij StephanUs li Petit . . iiij 

Gervasius de Ecclesia . j YTalterus Godcholt . . j 

Matilda relio.ta Hcymundi. vj Thomas Barkere . . j 

Gervasius filius Jordani . ij Kicardus prepositus . . ij 

Thomas Grim j 

Summa xix b et de qualibet redduntur ij denarij } 
per annum ad cereos coram beata Yirginc > 
juxta majus altare. ) 

Item de dono Symonis Yicarij ad sustentandum cereum in qualibet 
missa majoris altaris. 

Una marcata ovium vel aliorum de suo proprio dum vixit et de 
bonis ipsius defungentis providcnda ut sir lumen perpetuum. Item 
de dono Andree filij Stephani ad cereum unum in perpetuo 
sustinendum modo simili super majus altare j vacca prccij v 
polidorum et vj oves qualibet precij xij d. 1st a tradita sunt in 
manu Roberti Fabri qui rcddct inde xij soliuos in festo Sancti 
Laurencij ad coram emendam. Item de legato Kieardi filij Thome 
unam vaccam precij vj s, est in manu relicte ipsius, et reddet inde 
xij d per annum ad alium cereum ad predictum festum. Xullus 
redditus est ad cereum paschalem. Item de legato quondam 
Asceline de Campo v oves ad unum cereum sustinendum coram 
altari predicto bcate Virginia precij cujusque xij d. Et sunt in 
manu Eieardi lilij Atatilde et reddet inde x denarios per annum. 

Walton. 

Ornamenta invents in ecclesia de Walton'. 
Inventum est ibi dominica passionis c Anno Domini M°CC°]j . 

» Beata Yirginis. So in MS. 

b xix. So in MS., Lnt the sum is xx. 

c Domiuica i>assionis : Passion Sunday, the fifth Sunday in Lent. 



CHAPTER OF ST. PAUL'S CATHEDRAL IN THE YEARS 1249-1252. 27 

Miotic optimum ct notatum ct suiliciens ct plenarium habens in 
capite kalendarium ct in fine partem troparii. Item allud missale 
debiie. Item antiplionarium in duobus voluminibua optimum p. u:. 
suiliciens et plenarium cum legenda psalterio capitulario collectario, 
ct notatum secundum medietatcm anni et aliud antiplionarium 
minoris precij, Item unum ordinale. Item j gradale. Item j 
troparium. J tern j manualc. Item calix argenteus cum duobus 
paribus corporalium. Item ij paria vestimentorum quorum j 
casulam dc serico est dc proquisito a Alcxandri et parocbianorum. 
Item iij ivdle bcncdictc ad majus altare et ij ad altare beafe 
Virginis. Item capa serica ornata aurifriiriis de dono Magistri 
It. dc Stanford. 1 ' Item ij superpellicia debilia et j rochectus. 
Item ij candelabra. Item j chalon c ad exequias mortuorum. 
Item j cista parva ex donacione G. quondam Yicarij, plures 
rcliquic ex donacione ct concessione predict! G., cum quadam cruce 
in qua est pars al'iqua de Dominico ligno. d Item est ibi defectus 
vasis crismatorij et pixidis ad rcponendum Corpus Domini. Item 
lapis sacrarij nimis humilis est et exdtandus. Item ij tabule 
lapidee. Desunt duobus altaribus inferioribus duelibst est nunc ex 
ij frustis et non possunt dedicari. Item desunt tres lucerne in 
tribus parochiis c ad precedendum Corpus Dominicum. Item est 
parva navieula ad incensum. Item ij phialestagnee. Item turri- 
bulum bonum. Item fons lapideus bonus tamen sine sera. Item 
velum quadragesimale vetus et ruptum. Item crux portabilis 
honcsta et suiliciens. Item alia crux bona et suflieiens super 
majus altare. Item desunt tres calices stagnei in tribus parochiis. 
Item eeclesia est dedicanda. Item tabula depicta loco frontalis. 

^ * De proquisito. So in the MS. 

^ Kulke of Stanford was Archdeacon of Middlesex from April, 1214, for a short 
period. He was also Prebendary of Ealdiand. Perhaps the person named in the 
text may have been a kinsman. 

c Chalon : ehalo. chalonus, pars supelleetilis lecti, straguli species.— Dueange. 
1'robably a funeral pall. 

d Domiuicum lignum : the wood of the Cross. 

* Probably ihe three parishes called N The Sokeus,'' Walton, Kirkby, and Thorpe. 



28 



VISITATION OF CHURCHES BELONGING TO THE DEAN AND 



Isti tenent pecora ad sustentacioncm himinaris 
de Walton' ad rotellam. 

Eicardus li But j ovem 

solvet 
Wiilielrnus filius Galfmli 

ij ovcs 



Eadwardus le May ij 

ovcs 
Alicia relicta Tixtoris ij 

ovcs 
Eadmundus le Brun j 

ovem 
Adam filius Cecilie de 

Marisco v oves 



iiijd 
iiij u 
iiijd 

ft* 

xd 



Ricardus filius Ileyneri 

vij oves . . . xiiij d 

Johannes de la Hulle j 

ovem 
Galfridus Hamelin ij 

ovcs 
Juliana de la Holtc j 

ovem 
Alicia relicta Blanci ij 

oves 



Summa a iiij sot, viij d. 

Item ad luminare ante crucem. 

Eadulphus de Marisco j Gerardus filius TVyberti 

ovem . . i j d j ovem 

Walterus filius Goldive Eicardus Crisp j ovem . 

j ovem . . ij d Henricus Crisp de dimi- 

Walterus filius Davidis dia ove v . 

j ovem . . iij ob 

Summa b x denarij. 



iiij d 
iiij a 



job 



Item luminare beate Yirginis. c 
Alicia mater Hcnrici j Hugo filius Davidis 



ovem 



yd 



ij oves 



iiijd 



* Snraina. So in MS. ; lege iiij sol. iiij d. 
b So in MS.; lege xij den. ob. 

c At the foot of the page is a note : "Isti tenent pecora ad sustentaeionem lumi- 
naris tie Walton' ad rotellam ; " but it is not clear to M'hoin it refers. 



CHAFTEB OF ST. PAUl/s CATHEDEAL IN THE YEAKS 1249-1252. 29 



Willielraus filius Gal- 

fridi y ovcs 
Ricardus le Buc j ovcm 
Jacobus de Marisco ij 



xd 



oves . 






iiij d 


Eadwardus 


filius David 


is 




j ovcm 


. 




8« 


"Walterus 


Tubbing 


j 




ovcm 


• 




ya 



S a ful filius Alani iij 

ovcs . . . . v j d 

Brumman Ewe ij ovcs iiij d 
Thomas filius Kobcrti 

iiij ovcs 
Sabina de Spina j ovcm 
Ricardus Bancum vj 

oves .... 
Ricardus Hcndi j ovem 
Eadmundus le Brun ij 

ovcs . . . 

Radulphus tixtor j ovcm 
Jordanus de Olta'vj oves xij d 
Henricus Turstan vj 

oves . . . . xij d 
Walterus Band' j ovem ij d 

Summa a xj sot iiij d et oft 



viij 


A 


ij 


6 


x»j 


d 


] *j 


d 


i»j 


c1 


ij 


a 



Radulphus de Marisco 
j ovem .. .. . ij d 

Alicia rclicta Jordani 
j ovem . , . , . ij d 

Robertas David ij oves iiij d 

Walterus de. Stroda j 

ovcm . . ij d 

Matilda filia Roberti j 

ovcm . . . ij d 

Galfridus Hamelin j 

ovem . . . ij d 

Henricus Crispus de 

dimidia ove . j ob 

Robertas de North ij 

oves .... iiij d 

Henricus de Ponte pro 
anima W. de Burn- 
ham . . . xij d 

Idem Henricus de vj 

ovibus . . xij d 

Ricardus de Stroda j 

ovem . . . j d 

Alexander filius Rich- 

olde j ovem . . ij d 



Item ad luminare beati Michaelis. 

Gerardus filius Wyberdi Johannes Kio-bel v oves 

j ovem . . ij d Robertus de North j 

Willielmus filius Galfridi ovem 

iij ovcs . . . vj d 

■ So in MS. ; lege y) J. 



p. I 12b. 



xd 



30 VISITATION OF CHUBCHES BELONGING TO THE DEAN AND 

Alicia relieta Livig' j Alexander Clericua ij 

ovcm i j d oves. . • . . iiij d 

Alexander li Gant ij "Walterus Goldive ij 

oves . . . . . iiij d oves .... iiij d 

Eadiiiuiidus de la Dune Andreas filius Aldivc j 

ij oves . . . iiij d oveni . . . j d 

Summa iij sot iij d. 

Item ad luminare ad altare mains, 

Jordanus Kelbel ij Eobertus de north j 

oves . ... . iiij d 

Eadwinus de Marisco 

sive relieta ejusdem j 

ovem . . ij d 

Ead.wardus lc May viij 

oves .... xvj d 
Saphul filius Estrad ij 

oves . • . . • . iij d 

Eicardas Buucun iij 

oves . . . . iiij d 

Summa" iij s vj d. 

Item ad luminare ad idem altare, 

Ricardusle Brit viij oves xvj d Relieta Dannani iiij oves iiij d 

Alicia relieta Joliannis Alexander Clericus j .: . 

Livig j ovem . . jd ovem . . . ij d 
Summa xxiij d 

Summa tocius reddendo xxvs v j d ot> non est aliquis redditus ad 
cereum pasehalem. b 

a So in MS. ; lege vij d. 

b The total is correct if the amounts given by the scribe are accepted. It will 
require slight modification if the totals are taken as amended. 



ovem 


. 


ya 


Andreas le Grant j ovem 


8* 


Walterus de la Strode 


j 




ovcm 




y* 


"YYillielmus filius Galfri 


ili 




j ovem 


. 


ij" 


Randulphus textor 


j 




ovem 


. 


U* 


Robcrtus David 


ij 




oves 


. 


iiij d 



CHAPTER OF ST. RAUL'S CATHEDRAL IN THE YEARS 1249-1 2f>2. 31 

KlRKEEY. 

Ornamcnta invcnta in ecclesia de Kirkeby. 

Jnventum est ibi Dominica Passionis Anno Domini j\I CC c, ]j° 
Missale vetus nullius ordinis cum gradali noil nototo. Item 
gradalia duo quorum imuin cum tropario et aliud non ligatum 
sine tropnrio. Item tropariutn parvum et vetus. Item antiphona- 
riuin bonum et notatum in asseribus sufficiens et bene ligatum. 
Item liber manualis habens psalterium in capite collcctarium 
capitularium et ympnarium, cum omnibus antiphonis ad Laudes et 
super Benedict us ct Magnificat) tarn in tcmporali quam in festis 
Sanctorum. Item legenda vetus insulliciens et non ligata. Item 
alia legenda ab Adventu usque ad Dominicam in ramis palmarum, 
cum historiis legenda et ympnis de Sancto Michaele a et introitu 
misse. Item omeliariurn bonum; temporale a Pascha usque ad 
Septuagesimam de dono Capituli Sancti Pauli. Item calix 
argenteus ponderis x solidorum habens pedem debilem. Item 
pixis eburnea ligata argento ad Corpus Domini reponendum. Item 
crismatorium vetus ct omnino insufficient Item aliud novum 
stagneum et suMiciens. Item tres fiale stagnee. Item pelvis 
stagnea. Item duo candelabra stagnea. Item vas aquarium stag- 
neum et suiliciens. Item turribulum vetus eneum et insufllciens. 
Item crux processionalis lignea aliquantulum suiliciens. Item p. HO 
quatuor palle benedicte ad majus altare, quarum due suiTicientcs 
ct alie due fracte ct minus sufScientes. Item tria paria corporalium 
sufTiciencia. Item duo paria vestimentorum plenaria cum casulis 
et aliis, quorum imum bonum principale cum easula de sameto do 
dono Capituli, et aliud minus suiliciens cum casula de i'ustanno, et 
tercium vestimentum omnino insufficiens et fr actum et suspensum. 
Item duo frontalea de linea tela. Item tabula depicta loco frontalis 
coram major! altari ct omnes lapides majoris altaris dissoluti sunt. 

• Tbe church of Kirkby was dedicated to St. Michael. 



32 VISITATION OF CHUJBCHES BELONGING TO THE DEAN AND 

Missa est post mod um tabula lapidea bona et sufiiciens. Duo alturia 
inferius in ecclesia unum de beata Virgine et aliud de Sancto 1'etro 
cum tabulis depictis: nichil est eis depositum ad benedicendum. 
Item fons marmoris sufiiciens sed sine serum. 

Ad cereum paschalem rcdditus, custos Alexander filius Robcrti. 

Augus Artur . . j bidentem Alexander Rewere . j bidentem 

Robertus Cora . j bidentem Willielrnus de Geu- 

Jurdan de Holm . j bidentem deford . . j bidentem 

Kicardus do Campo. j bidentem Agnes de Fercles . j bidentem 

Ad luminare beatc Marie, custos Jordanus Dives ct Robertas 
de la Bruere. 

Jonannes filius Gode- Aliz Luteras . . ] bidentem 

lote . . . iiij bidentes Agneta de Flck . j bidentem 

Robertas de la StephanusdeVenelta j bidentem 

Bruere . . iij bidentes Thomas de Tilers . iij bidentes 

Johannes de Bruario ij bidentes Robertus Laude . viij bidentes 

Felix . . . j bidentem llicardus de Campo j bidentem 

Robertus May . j bidentem Ely as filius Mii . j bidentem 

Willielrnus Credepol j bidentem Johannes del Hel . j bidentem 

Thomas Hamiger . j bidentem Johannes Cok . j bidentem 

Cristiana de Britii . ij bidentes Gilbertus de Villa . viij bidentes 

Ad luminare ante crucem, custos Alexander. 

Willielrnus Chabot ij bidentes Agnes de Ferkel ij bidentes. 
Andreas filius Kadulphi ij bidentes. 

Ad cereum Sancti Petri. 

Thomas de Fiulerf b . iiij A Willielrnus Bidunt . . vj d 

Cors . . . . i j d Domina Lucas . . . ij 3 
Felix .... viij d 

» Probably no relics h;ul been inserted. *> Finleif or Fuilcrf. 



CHAPTER OF ST. PAUl/s CATHEDRAL IN THE YEARS 1249-1252. 33 

Ad luminare Sancti Petri, custos Johannes Turstan. 

Johannes Turstan . vj bidentes Tredepel . . . j bidentem 
Radulphus dc IJulc . j bidentem Felix . . . j bidentem 

Eedditus ad Rotain. 

Pctms de Mariseo . xj bidentes Wyot sutor . j bidentem 
RaduJphus del Hel . ij bidentes Tredepel . . ij bidentes 
Thomas (iiius Hugonis ij bidentes 

Ad luminare Sancti Michaelis. 

Gerardus de Venella iij bidentes Benjamin dc la 

Aliss Lucas . . j bidentem Brucrc . . ij bidentes 

Walterus Sugge . j bidentem Jordanus Dabrehe . ij bidentes Tl> jj ■,». 

Robcrtus de Gelde- Elyas de Campo . ij bidentes 

lord . . . j bidentem Agnes de Ferkel . j bidentem 

liobcrtus Gendei'ord j bidentem AYillielmusdeBrucrc ij bidentes 

Johannes llereward j bidentem Adam dc Mariseo . ij bidentes 

Alive de Frene . j bidentem Hugo Tredepel . ij bidentes 

Sumnia vij sot x den. 

Ad duas lampades in Caneello. 

Ricardus Fugge . ij bidentes Alexander de Rewere . ij bidentes 

Aug films Luce . j bidentem Gerardus et Stephanas 

Barchalot . . j bidentem filij Symonis . . j bidentem 

Ad luminare ante erueem, custos Gerardus dc Ycnell-.i. 

Adam de Mariseo . vij bidentes Jordanus Faber . j bidentem 
Aliz Liicas . . j bidentem Ricardus Scavi . j bidentem 

Henrieus Ailmariis . j bidentem 
CAMIX soc. r 



1792551 



I. 



INDEX OP NAMES OE PERSONS 
AND PLACES. 



Aldbnry, iv., x., xi., xiv., 16 
Alkichvsbri, 6 

Baldoek, Ralph de, Dean, 13 

Hurling, iv., xiii., <J 

Barling, Walter and Peter, vicars of, 9 

Bartholomew, Priory of St., Archbishop 

Boniface visits, vi., viii. 
Bartholin, Robert de, Dean, 3 
Basset, Fulk, Bishop, v. 
Bclcmeus, or Belemeyus, Johu, Preben- 
dary, S 
Blic, Thomas de, 3 
Boniface, Archbishop, v. — viii. 

Ilis visitation of St. Paul's Cathedral, 

v. 
His violence at St. Bartholomew's 
Priory, vi., viii. 

Chcsham Bois, Bucks, monumental brass 

at, xi. 
Chiswick, iv., xi., xii., xiii., 7, S 
Cornhill, Henry de, Dean, iv. — viii. 

His courage in withstanding Arch- 
bishop Boniface at St. Paul's, vi. 

Edmund, St., Archbishop of Canterbury, 
constitution of, xii. 

Hale, Archdeacon, his Domesday of St. 

Paul's quoted, iii., x., xvi. 
Heybridge, iv., xiii., 1 1 

David, vicar of, 13 

Maintenance of the bridge at, xiii., 



Kook, Dean, his Lives of the Archbishops 

of Canterbury quoted, v., vi. 
Hurl and, 3 

Innocent IV., Pope, viii. 
Ippelega, a field at Willesdon, 3 

John and Paul, Saiuts, 7 

Kalcwestrickc, 3 

Kirkby, iv., xi., xiv., 27, 31 

Laud, Archbishop, his Visitation of St. 

Paul's Cathedral, viii. 
Lee, Benedict, monnmentaLbrass to, xi. 
Lee, Parochia de la, 8 
Lich, or Lichfield, William de, Canon, 7 
Lisieux, Thomas, Dean. iii. 
London, St. Magnus, 14 
St. Pancras, iv., xiii., 5 

Malyns, Reginald, xviii. 
Matthew, Paris, quoted, vii. 
Milman, Dean, his Annals quoted, viii. 
Murymout.h, Meremouth, Adam, Canon, 
xvi., xvii. 

Navestock, iv., xi., xii., xiv., xvi.- 

xviii., 22 
Niger, Roger, Bishop, v. 
Northbnri, t> 

| Pelhain Arsa, iv., x., xiv., 20 



. 



SGO'\ L 



INDEX. 



Pelham Fnrneanx, or Forncll, iv., xi., 

xii., xiv., 18 
Processus, Saint, S 

Radegumla, Saint, 22 
Kicardns Diabolus, xv., 25 
Rnggemere, 6 

Saunford, Fulk dc, treasurer, IS, 21, 27 
Swerford, Alexander, treasurer, 8, 18 

Thomas of Canterbury, St., relic of, xiii., 

15 
Tliorpe, iv., xiv., 23, 27 
Thorpe, Simon, vicar of, 2G 



Tillingham, iv..xi., xii., xiii., 13 
Tillinghaiii, Saeras, vicar of, 1(1 
Tothale, 6 
Twyford, iv., xii., xiii., 4 

Walton, iv., xiii., xiv., 2G 

AVestlee, iv., 8 

Willesdon, iv.. xi., xiv., xviii., 1 

Willesdon, Pastorel, a field at, xiv., 3, 

Yppele, a field at. xiv., 3 
William, Dean of St. Paul's, 13 
Wlstani, translatio bcati, 13 

Yppele, or Ippclega, name of a field at 
Willesdon, xiv., 3 



II. 



INDEX OE MATTERS. 



Admallnm, asmallmn, enamel, 9, 15 
Arena de abietc, a chest of firwood, 9 
Assartnm, terra qu;e vocatnr, xiv., 23 
Auripcllnm, 2 

Bcrcaria. a sheepfold, xvii. 
Bcrcarins, a shepherd, 25 

Bikorn, or biea, a beehive, xviii. 
Books, service, x. 

Treasurer of St. Paul's provides a 

missal, xi. 
Chapter of St. Paul's provide an 

omeliurium, xi. 
Badly kept at Aldbury, x. 
Butcleria, a buttery, xvii. 

Camcrarius, the Chamberlain of St. 

Paul's, S 
Celarium, a cellar, xvii. 
Chalon, or chalun, a funeral pall, xiii., 

9,27 
Chrisom child, a monumental brass to, 

xi. 
Chrisoms, constitution relating to, xii. 
Ciphus de mazero, a mazer bowl, xvii. 
Coquina cum i'urno et duobus plumbis, 

xvii. 
Craticla, a gridiron, xvii. 
Cri^males panni, xi., xii., 14, 19 
Cuva, a vat, xvii. 

Daieria, a dairy, xvii. 
Defrustis. 5 
Dies veniales, 11 
Dominica passionis, 26, 31 

Draco, at Hey bridge, xiii., 11 



Esmallum, enamel, 3 

Pemi*, panni frontales de, 17 

Field names, xiv. 

Firma, xvi. 

Forciavit, 6 

Fnrnra, 4 

Fustamen, fustian, 4 

Granarium, a granary, xvii. 

Bights, in churches, xiv. 

Bights, the custos of, xiv., 32, 33 
s 

Majestas. 14 

Masers for use at bride-ales, xviii. 
Meschfatte, the vat which contained 

malt in brewing, xviii. 
Milan, silk-weaving at, 2 
Molendinum ventriticum, a windmill. 

xvii. 
Mola manualis, a handmill, xviii. 

Names of parishioners, xv. 

Orthus, for hortns, 1 

Pandoxatria. a brewhouse, xviii. 
Panni crismales, 14, 19 

Patella, a pan, xvii. 

Pax of wood and marble mounted with 

plates of copper, xiii., 
Pela, a baker's peel, xvii. 
Fercamenuii), parchment, 2 
Pcrrnentarius, a tailor, 10 
Pistor, the miller, 12 
Pistrina, a bakehouse, xvii. 



38 



INDEX. 



Platellffl, plates, xvii. 
Portchors, a breviary, 11, 23 

Relics, xiii., 27 

ltelic of St. Thomas a Becket, xiii., 15 

Rems, pannus de, 17 

Powell light, Rota, Rotellum, xiii., 

xiv., 10 
Rosea, a beehive, 12 

Salsaria, salt-cellars, xvii. 
Solarium, an upper chamber, xvii. 
Squdelli, probably baskets, xvii. 
Statuta Majora et Minora, ix. 

Tassellas, 11 

Teodulis, or cejidolis, shingles, xvii. 



Thorallia, xvii. 

Tresancia, x\ ii. 
Tyme. tubs, xvii. 

Urcen-;, a pitcher, 15 
Use of St. Paul's, Autiphonarium of, xi. 
Ordinale of, xi. 

Vcxilla with the Royal Arms. 15 
Visitation of churches belonging to St. 
Paul's, articles of enquiry at, ix. 

Wimpla, a wimple, xiii., 

Yilingfatte, the vat iu which ale is 
worked, xviii. 



PRINTED BV NICHOLS i.Vl) SOSS, £•% PARLIAMENT STREET, S.W 



"THE SPOUSELLS" 0.F THE PRINCESS MARY 

DAUGHTER OF HENRY VII., 



TO 



CHARLES PBEJCE OF CASTILE. 

A.D. 1508. 



FIRST PRINTED BY PYNSON IN TWO EDITIONS, 
ENGLISH AND LATIN. 



-EDITH]) FROM UNIQUE COPIES 

BY 

JAMES GA1KDXER. 



PRINTED FOR THE CAMDEN SOCIETY. 



M.DCCC.XCIII. 



PREFACE. 



IK the year 1814 Mr., afterwards Sir Henry, Ellis called the atten- 
tion of the Society of Antiquaries to an English tract printed by 
Pynson, of which a unique and fragmentary copy existed in. the 
British Museum, giving an account of a really remarkable event in 
the end of Henry VII. 's reign, of which very little notice had been 
taken by historians. This was the reception of an embassy 
from the Emperor Maximilian to make a final conclusion, so far as 
diplomacy could do so, of the marriage already negociated between 
Henry's daughter Mary, said to be then about eleven years old 
(though I am afraid she was a little older) a with Maximilian's 
grandson, Charles Prince of Castile, a boy in his ninth year, who 
ultimately became the renowned Emperor Charles V. Of the 
contents of this tract, or of the portions then extant, Mr. Ellis gave 
a pretty full description, accompanied by copious extracts, in a 
letter to Mr. Samuel Lysons, which was printed in the eighteenth 
volume of the Archceologia; and in 1818 the whole of the existing 
text wus reproduced in lithographic facsimile by the Koxburghe 
Club. Such an interesting typographical curiosity, illustrated as it 
was by two woodcuts — the one a frontispiece, the other a colophon 
with Pvnson's mark and an ornamental border — seemed well to 

» Sec note as to Mary's age at the end of this Preface. 



iv PREFACE. 

deserve reproduction by lithography. The unique original copy 
had certainly been maltreated ; the existing leaves were slightly 
mutilated, and from the stain upon the margin they seemed to have 
been used for the interior of a book-cover. The original remains 
to this day a very imperfect copy; but one leaf of the lost portion 
lias since been recovered, and, having been purchased by the British 
Museum from the Trustees of Canon Greenwell in 1SS5, it is now 
inserted in the tract. 

A narrative of such a description printed by Richard Pynson 
must of course have been published by authority; but Ellis was 
not aware that it was published at the time in Latin as well as in 
English. Nor would the fact be readily discovered even now by 
searching book catalogues under the name of Mary or of Charles; 
for the Latin edition did not bear either name upon the title page. 
The existing copy in the Grenville library appears to be perfect; 
and the only title that it bears is '"' Petri Carmeliani Carmen," 
which is merely that of the introductory poem. a It is most 
sumptuously printed upon vellum in a rather larger type than the 
main text of the English, and illustrated with four woodcuts, two of 
which are identical in design with those which adorn the English 
edition, but are finer in execution.' 1 The other two were probably 
not included in the English edition at all; both the beginning and 
the end of the English tract are perfect, and though there is no 
pagination, it is pretty certain from the signatures of the sheets 

a It seemed to me at first that a title page must have preceded the prefatory poem 
and been lost ; hut the leaf which contains the 1 toe in is dearly the first leaf of the 
first sheet, the next leaf bearing the signature A ii. This, in the opinion of Mr. 
Graves of the British Museum, proves that there could hare been no general title- 
page. The title prefixed in this Edition, " Solennes Ceremonial et Triumphi," is 
borrowed from the text. See page 2. 

b The two sections of the lower part of the frontispiece may be from the same 
blocks in both editions ; but the higher part, though the design corresponds in the 
minutest details, is much coarser work in the English edition than in the Latin. 



PREFACE. V 

that the text, apart from the title page unci colophon, extended 
only to twenty-three pages; while the Latin, omitting the illustra- 
tions, the title page, and the poem at the end, to which there i.- 
nothing corresponding in the English, amounts actually to forty- 
three pages. Now, though the exact proportion varies in different 
parts of the narrative, a. page of the English, which is, with the 
exception of the first paragraph, in a smaller type than the Latin 
throughout, generally contains all but a few lines less than the 
matter contained in two pages of the other. It would seem, there- 
fore, that the twenty-three pages of the English tract must have 
been fully occupied by letterpress, and that there was no room for 
the two other illustrations. 

The Latin, therefore, was the finer and more sumptuous edition 
of the two, being intended for the use of a more refined and highly- 
educated public, abroad, no doubt, as well as at home. The English, 
which was probably translated from the other (for it does not 
strike me as being the original), was most likely a cheap edition to 
gladden the hearts of Henry's own loyal subjects. The text of the 
Latin, like the prefatory poem and the poetical epilogue by which 
it was accompanied, was probably the work of Peter Carmelianus, 
Henry YIl.'s Latin Secretary. 

The original frontispiece prefixed to both editions of this tract 
has been drawn and engraved on wood by my friend Mr. Ebsworth, 
who had generously offered to make drawings of the three other 
woodcuts also and engrave them himself for this edition. Un- 
happily his state of health has prevented him from fulfilling this 
intention, and the reader must now be satisfied with the descrip- 
tions of the other woodcuts given by the Editor in the places where 
they occur in the text. 

It will be seen that the two tracts are printed here on the same 
pages, one above the other, so as to enable the reader easily to 



VI PREFACE. 

' compare the two. The translation is on the whole pretty close, 
but there are parts where the Latin gives somewhat fuller details 
than the English, as, for instance, at pp. 28 — 31, where the 
English, although the text is perfect here, omits altogether the 
substance of some paragraphs, and condenses others so -much that 
it only gives a single page to what occupies four pages in the Latin 
edition. 

So much for the form of these original documents, and for what 
concerns the editing. It remains to say a word or two about their 
substance and historical value. To the modern reader it may 
perhaps appear that their contents are litilc more than a flourish of 
trumpets over an ambitious project which led to no result. And 
it is true the project itself was in a few years set aside. The future 
of Europe was not actually shaped in accordance with the patient 
and skilful diplomacy which seemed to be crowned with such 
brilliant success in December, 1508. But if we are to dismiss from 
the page of history, as unworthy of serious attention, all the pro- 
jects which have ended in smoke, we shall take pretty nearly the 
whole life out of the record. The tilings for which men strove 
(whether statesmen or common men J deserve, surely, quite as much 
attention in history as the things which they accomplished. 

The " espousal," or, as we may call it, the betrothal of his 
daughter Mary to young Charles, Prince of Castile, was a master- 
stroke of Henry the Seventh's policy achieved at the very end of 
his rehni — only four months, in fact, before his death. It was not 
altogether without important results during the five years follow- 
in<*, and it was really a far more wholesome piece of business in 
itself than what the other leading powers of Europe were nego- 
tiating during that very month of December at Cambray. Partly, 
no doubt, it was a move of Henry, with a view to pay off old 
scores against Ferdinand of Arragon, who, though still an ally, had 



PREFACE, vii 

treated him very badly. But the main object was to increase the 
power and influence of England all over Europe, and secure for the 
King of England's daughter a most enviable position by allying 
her with a young prince, the possibility of whose succession to a 
large number of rich and important kingdoms was even then quite- 
visible to the eye of a politician. 

The uncertain thing about it, of course, was whether the House 
of Austria could be relied on to fulfil its engagements. But these 
were made as binding in the meantime as such engagements could 
be ; and the mere prestige of what was actually done was a con- 
siderable guarantee for its ultimate completion. The cyc'3 of 
Europe were dazzled by the alliance, and when the ambassadors 
come and Lord Berghes as the proxy for the young prince actually 
set the ring upon the finger of the girlish bride, England really 
seemed to have taken quite a new position in the world. The Bed 
Bose of the Tudors, to use the flowery simile of the narrator, now 
bloomed in Imperial gardens ; and whatever statesmen, who knew 
its secrets, may hove thought of the glory of the Holy Roman 
Empire, it is. certain that it had a powerful influence still on the 
popular imagination. 

The Emperor Maximilian, indeed, was unsteady enough, and 
Henry was undoubtedly aware that all the securities taken would 
have been quite insufficient to hold him to his engagements if at 
any time hereaft?r more tempting offers were held out to him else- 
where. But for the present there was no fear. Always in want of 
money, and not least so now when bewitched by France into 
a league for the spoliation of Venice, he looked, to Henry as a 
money lender and pledged to him a valuable jewel for 50,000 
crowns. Henry, who had warned Venice beforehand of her danger, 
had no sympathy with the plot which his other allies were hatch- 
ing, and did not expect Maximilian to reap much profit from it ; 



Vlll PREFACE. 

there were too many other freebooters engaged, far more sharp- 
sighted than the Emperor. But he had a plan of his own to 
suggest that would do Maximilian good and himself too. Maxi- 
milian, if he played his cards judiciously, might use his new friend- 
ship with France to cool that which had lately sprung' up between 
France and Arragon, and then he could effectually demand of 
Ferdinand the government of Castile, in right oi" his grandson 
Charles. This was the policy which Henry was secretly urging 
Maximilian to pursue, and it is a curious question whether the 
English King, if he had lived but a few years longer, would not 
have succeeded in using the Emperor as an automaton to wrest the 
government of Castile from Ferdinand and to govern it himself. 11 

That such was Henry's intention there can be very little doubt ; 
and Ferdinand very well knew that it was his intention, though 
Englishmen at home were profoundly ignorant of it, and have 
remained so almost ever since. Lord Bacon, indeed, in his History 
-of Henry VI I., says that this was "a tradition in Spain though not 
with us," and he evidently thinks it not at all improbable, though 
later historians have passed over the matter in silence. But the 
diplomatic records brought to light in our day have made the 
matter certain ; and the following extract from a ciphered despatch, 
of John Style, Henry VII.'s ambassador in Spain, will show how 
well Henry had studied the situation, and how valuable the little 
treatise we are discussing was in promoting the object that ho had 
in view. Style's English, it is true, is a little uncouth, but there is 
no mistake about his meaning : — 

" And it please your Grace, I delivered unto the King of Arragon the 
copy written in Latin of the noble triumph of the noble marriage of my 
lady Mary your noble daughter and the Prince of Castile. The Bang 
commanded Almacan to copy it into Castelyas; howbe that your Grace 
may be right well insured that it is much more displeasure to the K\n<r 

* Sec my Letters ami Papers, Ric. III. and Henry VII., i. HGO-t. 



PREFACE. IX 

and all his affinity than comfort to hoar of the said nohle marriage ; 
insomuch, and it please your Grace, that they say and will not believe 
that the said excellent marriage is so concluded. x\.nd the true Cas- 
tilians, as the Great Captain, and many other, to whom I have given 
copies written in Castilian, they do believe it, and take great rejoicing 
therein, and thereby they do trust for to have right much succour and 
comfort. And as to the said Great Captain, as by my other letters of 
late, 1 have certified unto your Highness that he was determined for to 
do his service unto your Grace and unto the Emperor, and in tin right 
and fa voi of the Prince of Castile, his natural lord ; how be that the 
saying of the said Duke b is, and it please your Grace, that he of late 
eonsidereth the great slackness that is in the Emperor in many ways, 
saying that it is nearby a whole year that a servant of his hath been in 
the Emperor's court for to know his pleasure, of the which he can have 
none answer; the which putteth him in great fear how that he and his 
company should be entreated in case that he and they came thither. 
And also he saycth that he saith not what service that he should do in 
that parts, unless that the Prince's coming should be hithenvarls 
shortly. That notwithstanding the said Duke's saying is that in case 
that your Highness shall please for to command him, or the Emperor or 
the Prince's Council will write unto him, assuring him that he shall be 
by them entertained and entreated to his honor, that then immediately 
he will repair unto them with all diligence to him possible, the which he 
may not do without great danger or jeopardy of the losing of a great 
part of his goods here, and all the lands that he hath in the realm of 
Naples ; for in case so were that the said Duke were departed from 
hence, all this land should be in trouble and his friends; how be that, 
and it please ycur Gra n .e, that no man's departing from this land may be 
more to the comfort of the Prince and to the displeasure of the King of 
Arragon than this Great Captain, the. which as yet lie, nothcr his friends. 
have not been favorably dealt withal by the King of Arragon. How be 
that, and it please your Grace, now daily I understand that the King 

* Gonsalvo Fernandez of Cordova. 

b Gonsalvo had the title of Duke of Terranova. See Calendar of State Tapers 
of Henry VIII., Vol. I., No. 3533, at the end of Style's despatch. 



X PREFACE. 

maketb moans to the said Groat Captain and to the Marquis de Plego, 
the Count dc Cabra, and other, for to have them incline unto him ; the 
which I fear me that tiny will so do of very necessity, unless that they 
shall shortly have other comfort from your Highness and from the 
Emperor and the Prince's Council. As unto the Marquis dc Villena 
and the Count de Benavci.te, the King hath rewarded them with great 
rents, so, and it please your Grace, that the said Marquis and Count do 
continue in this Court with the King, how he that trust his Highness 
hath none unto the said Marquis. Many great estates he well minded to 
the Prince, but in especial the Puke de "Najara and the Count de 
Miranda, and in no wise there can no man be suffered to pass into 
Flanders ; for many lords, gentlemen, and other would depart in case 
that they might pass, and such as that be taken going or coming from 
the Prince be sore prisoned without favor. 

" Your Grace may he well insured that the King of Arragon is sore 
displeased with the conclusion of the marriage of the Prince of Castile, 
and so the bishop Don Pedro said unto me in secret that" the King his 
lord had reason so for to be discontented, seeing the Prince which that 
should be his inheritor for to be married without his assent, the said 
bishop saying it would grieve a poor man for to see his inheritor for to be 
married without his assent, and much mure a great prince as that the 
King my lord is." a 

Ferdinand was relieved from many apprehensions by the death 
of the astute king who had made this dangerous move against 
him. Henry Y1II. succeeded his father and established at once 
better terms with Spain by marrying Katharine of Arragon, But 
the marriage of Charles of Castile with Mary was not dropped. 
Ferdinand, indeed, did not love it much better than before, but he 
agreed to ratify it, and not only told the English ambassador that 
he was entirely satisfied with it, but promised to make his satis- 
faction publicly known in Spain. b How could he do otherwise? 

» Memorials of Henry VII. (Rolls Seres), pp. 433 -440. 

"> Calendar of Henry VIII., Vol. I., Nos. 27, 240, 100 (p. GS). 



■ I ,«».te.»«i*ll',-.^»..^w. 



ERRATUM. 



P. 70, fur VneJulle read Uvedalle. 



"-r"- 'i l » ' ; < ! Mu> . w , > y 1 > > i|i| i i.i»j . .»,. ■ ^^^w^,,, ^, ,..^... ■■ -" - I - . ' ■ ■■ ■'« IW» '■'■ i|» « ■' . '■ , » ■ ■ 



PREFACE. XI 

The thing had gone too far not to be frankly recognised. Xot 
only had the proxy marriage been effected, but the young bride- 
groom had actually written to Mary calling her his wife, and to 
her father calling him his father, and to her brother calling him 
his brother. So far, we are told (see pages 33, 34), Charles had 
actually committed himself, or rather been committed (for it must 
be remembered he was not yet nine years old), soon after the 
return of the embassy; and though the letters to Henry VII, are 
not extant, nor to his son Prince Henry, there is one to Mary 
herself which seems to have been written, not after the return of 
the embassy in December 1508, but while it was yet in England. 
It is couched in the following terms : — 

Charles of Castile to the Princess Mary. 
Ma bonne eompaigne, le plus cordialement que je puis a v[ostre] 
bonne grace me reeommandc. Jay charge le Sieur de Uerghfez] et 
auties mes ambassadeurs ordonnez par de la vous deviser [de la] dispo- 
sition dc ma pcrsonne et de mes affaires, vous priant l[es] vouloir 
croire ct par eulx me faire savoir de vostre sante [et autres] bonnes 
nouvclles, qui est la chose que plus je desire, c[omme] scet le benuit 
Filz dc Dieu, auquel je prie, ma bonne com[paigne], vous donner par sa 
grace ce que desirez. A Malines, [ce] xviij c jour de decembre. 

Vostre bon mary 
(Signed) Charles. 
(Countersigned) P. Haxeto[n] 

(Addressed) : A dame Marie ma bonne compaigne. a 

This letter has been hitherto attributed to the year 1513 and 
is noticed under that date in the Calendar of State Papers of Henry 
VIII., Vol. I., No. 4G06. Even in that case it is the earliest 
letter extant (so far as I am aware) of the future Emperor Chaik-s 
V. But there is no other evidence of the Sieur de Cerghes 

• MS. Cott., Galba B III. 93. The original letter is slightly mutihued. 



xii PREFACE. 

having been sent to England in embassy in December, 1513, 
though he had negotiated with Henry VIII. at Lille in the pre- 
vious October. And here it is to be observed that Eerghes is not 
only ambassador for the young prince in England, but it is dis- 
tinctly indicated that he had colleagues with him in his embassy. 
Moreover, the extremely boyish signature attached to the docu- 
ment (the subscription " vostre bon mary, Charles," is all that 
is in his handwriting) is much more like that of a lad in his 
ninth year than that of one in his fourteenth. And this argu- 
ment gains strength when we compare it with a signature of his 
after he had just completed his fifteenth year, that is to say, in 
his letter to Henry VIII., written on the 8th March, 1514[-15]. a 
Here the handwriting is already that of a well-practised writer. 
Charles was evidently precocious in bis handwriting, as in other 
things, and his signature at fifteen has a freedom and vigor about 
it quite beyond his years. But the words « vostre bon mary, 
Charles " in the letter above transcribed, though very well written, 
are distinctly in the hand of a young schoolboy. 1 ' 

Ferdinand could easily afford to wait a year or two before in- 
triguing to set aside the match. Young Henry VIII. was not yet 
such a skilled diplomatist as his father had been. He at once 
celebrated his own marriage with Ferdinand's daughter, which his 
father had purposely delayed, and seemed disposed, for his part, 
to cultivate the best relations with his father-in-law. Not many 
years-, however, elapsed before he had bitter experience of Fcrdi- 

■ MS. Cott. Galba B. III., 138. Calendar of Henry VIIL, Vol. tl., No. 234. 

b One arsmnent, indeed, scoma to militate against the (hue of this letter being 
150S It is countersigned by Iluneton, who \sa> actually n member of the embassy 
then in Englaud. But it is dear that it was written and prepared for signature 
some time before ic was actually signed; for both the mouth and the day of the 
month were originally left blank, aud the "xviij" and " deccmlre " have been 
distinctly filled up iu the blank spaces by another h:ind. 



PREFACE. Xlll 

nand's perfidy as an ally when he himself was engaged in a war 
"with France ; and shortly afterwards he became well aware of the 
King of Arraeon's intrigues to break off the marriage between 
Charles and Mary. There was nothing Ferdinand dreaded so 
much as the coming of Charles to Castile; and it was credibly said 
that he would be glad if the young prince died. a Even after 
the match was broken off. it was believed that he paid a pension to 
Margaret of Savoy to keep him in the Netherlands. 11 But he took 
care not to show his hand in what he did. It was no use saying 
anything against the marriage so long as Maximilian and the 
Prince's own councillors did not raise objections; and while Maxi- 
milian was co-operating with Henry in the war against France in 
1513, not a syllable was uttered against it. The marriage was to 
take place just after the Prince had completed his fourteenth year 
(it was a shameful 'fashion, but it was the fashion, to make marriages 
so early), and it was more definitely fixed by a treaty made at 
Lille in October, 1513, to take place before the 15th May follow- 
ing. 6 Ferdinand himself once more expressed his assent to it d ; and 
everything seemed going smoothly, although Henry very well 
knew that his father-in-law was secretly trying to interrupt it. e 
Nay, we find Henry VI II., when at the camp before Therouenne, 
granting an annuity of 20/. to a Fleming named John de Serffe 
until the marriage should take place. f But as the time drew near 
in 1514 the Prince's councillors began to raise objections. They 
disliked the disparity of age, and Maximilian was anxious about 
his grandson's health. "When the English proposed that the mar- 
riage should be at Calais, Margaret of Savoy could not be got to 

> Calendar of Henry VIII.. Vol. I., Xo. 403S. 

b Venetian Calendar, Vol. II., No. 5G4. 

c Calendar. Vol. I., Xos 4 50;;, 4512, 45G0. 

d lb.. Xo. 42:<o, ii. « lb., Xo. 432S. 

f lb., Xo. 4416, and Kymer. XIII., 374. 



XIV PREFACE. 

answer. She delayed and put off as long as she could, to consult 
her father the Emperor, and Maximilian, who was then in Austria, 
wanted it put off at least to the end of May, in order (forsooth) 
that he might he present.' 1 

The explanation of it all was this. Ferdinand, after the death 
of Isabella, depended generally on an. alliance with France to secure 
him in possession of Castile. Soon after the conclusion of the 
league of Cambray, however, it seemed as if France was ^oino- to 
win all the profits, and Ferdinand made a league with Henry VIII. 
against France. An English army landed in Guipuscoa expecting 
aid from Ferdinand to conquer Guienne. Their presence helped 
him to obtain possession of Xavarre, but he sent not a single soldier 
to join them, and when he had secured his own object he made a 
separate truce with Louis XII. From that time he took no plea- 
sure in the success of the English, and his neutrality was of the 
highest value to Louis. It became the policy of France to promote 
the interest of Ferdinand; the chief councillors of the Prince of 
Castile in the Low Countries were always French at heart, and the 
Emperor. Maximilian was very easily won over. 

But-before many months had passed, Henry was able to requite 
the double-dealing alike o^ Ferdinand and of Maximilian. "While 
the Emperor was still wasting breath and energy in insincere ex- 
cuses which Henry declined to accept, 1 " Henry had struck the final 
blow and caused Mary to renounce the marriage. He had turned 
the tables on his enemies, and laid the foundation of an advantageous 
peace and alliance : and Mary, instead of being the bride of a boy 
four years her junior, was now destined for an old man on the verge 
of the grave, Louis XII. 



■ Calendar, Henry VIII., Vol. I., Nos. 4932, 497G, 501$, 5029, 5030. 
*> Calendar, Nos. 5041, 5126, 5162, 5290. 
• lb., No. 5212. 



PREFACE. XV 



NOTE AS TO THE AGE OF THE PRINCESS MARY. 

A lady's age is often a delicate subject when she is alive, but 
it is perplexing to find that the best authorities are contradictory 
centuries after she is dead. Here the Latin tract (and, of course, 
the English said the same) tells us, perhaps with studied ambiguity, 
that she was "about" eleven (agebat circitcr undecimv.m atalis 
annuni)? ]f she was in her eleventh year she must have been 
born in 1497 or 149S. But the spring of 149(3 is, as we shall sec, 
the very latest date to which we can refer her birth. Her own 
brother Henry VIII., writing to the Pope when her engagement 
was broken off, tells him that she was betrothed at thirteen or 
when she was nearly thirteen {cum vix annum tertium decimum 
atiigissct) to the Prince of Castile, then in his ninth year {annum 
tunc nonum agcnti). h There is no doubt he gave the age of the 
Prince correctly, and he could have had no object in attempting 
to deceive the Pope as to that of his own sister, who, from what he 
wrote, must have been born either in 149G or in the very end of 
December, 1495. This date, moreover, is confirmed by a news 
letter of 1st March, 1499, written from London (Calendar of 
Venetian Papers, Vol. I., No. 790), which says that Henry had 
just told the Duke of Milan's ambassador that he declined to give 
his daughter to the Duke, she being then three years old. Further, 
Erasmus in a letter to Botzheim (Catalogus Erasrni Lucubrationum, 
Basle, 1523), describes a visit that he paid to the royal household 
at a date which we can fix with certainty to the latter part of the 
year 1499, or, at latest, January, 1500. Arthur, Prince of "Wales, 

* See page 19. 

b See the letter iu Fabronio, Leouis X. Vita, 27S. 



XVI PKEFACE. 

was then absent, but Erasmus saw his brother Henry (afterwards 
Henry YIIT.), who, he says, was then nine years old (he was born 
in June, 1491), Margaret (afterwards Queen of James IV.), who 
was " nearly eleven " (.-he was born in November, 14^9), Mary, 
who was four, and Edmund (born in February 1499, and. dead 
within a year after), an infant in arms. The reckonings of 
Erasmus, it is clear, are not absolutely accurate, but they are 
pretty close; and they also would place Mary's birth either in 
1495 or in 1496. Further, there is positive evidence that it could not 
have been later than the early part of 149G, and that it was probably 
in March ; for Mrs. Green discovered long ago a Privy Seal Bill 
authorising a payment of 50 shillings to the child's nurse, Anne 
Skeron, for a quarter's salary due at Midsummer, 11 Henry VII. 
(1496), along with the usual half yearly payments of some other 
attendants at the Court. The nurse, therefore, was probably 
engaged in March (see " Lives of the Princesses," Vol. V., 
p. 2 note). 



SOLENNES CEEEMOXLE ET TEITJMPHI. 



Petri Cannelloni Carmen. 

Anglia, pcrpetuos fcibi dat rosa rubra triumphos, 

Perpetuum nomeo, perpctuumque decus. 
Hec tua Ccsareis rcdolcns crosa rescit in liortis. 

Atque aquilam llgnis jungit utranque suis. 
Septimus Henricus, sapiens Rex, regula morum, 

Celeste ingeniuin cum probitate tenens, 
Ad tantos solus vigilans te vexit honores. 

Ergo abs te debet jure volente coli. 

Below these verses is a frontispiece (reproduced in fac- 
simile opposite), filling three-quarters of the page, re- 
presenting the royal arms supported by angels, with the 
Tudor double rose and portcullis below. 



\_English Edition.'] 

The Solempnities & triumph es cioon & made 
at the Spouselles and Manage of the Kjiiges 
donghter the Ladye Marye to the Piynce of Castile 
Archeduke of Austrige. 

Below this is a reproduction of the engraving described above. 

I) 



2 THE SrOUSELLES OF 

Hoc present] libello humili stilo cdito ad faciliorem a legentium b 
iutellectum cont'mentur henorifica gesta, solcmnes ceriinonic ct 
triumphi nuper habiti in suseipienda magna atque egregia sacratissimi 
principis Maximiliani Romanorum Impcratoris semper Augusti, 
simul et Illustrissimi ac potentissimi sui filii Karoli, Principis Cas- 
tellc Archiducis Austrie legatione ad serenissimum potentissimnm- 
que principem Henricum Septimum, Anglic et Francie Regem 
dominumque Hybornie destinata, pro sponsalibus et matrimonio 
inter prcfhtum Illustrissimum principem Karolum et illustrissirnam 
ac nobilissimam principem Dominam Mariam, prenominati Piegis 
Henrici filiarn charissimam cotrahendis ; Xecnon Eitus et ordo in 
hujusmodi sponsaliorum et matrimonii celebratione adhibiti et ob- 
servati, cum immenso gaudio ct mutua hinc inde leticie expressione 
ac demostratione, c simul et hylari atque jucundo vultu, munifi- 
cientia et liberalitate ipsis Oratoribus qua[m]diu in Regno Anglic 
immorati sunt exhibiti? ac demonstratis. 



IIerafter folowe and ensue suche honourable and notable actes, 
solempnyties, ceremonyes and triumphes that were lately doon made 
and shewed, as well for the reeeyvynge of the great and noble 
Ambassade lately sent to the Kynges hyghncs frome the moost 
excellent Prynce his inoost dfere] and entierly beloved Broth.erand 
cousyn Them per onre and his good sone Charles the vonge Prynce 
of Castell, Archeduke of Aostriche, for the spouselles and manage 
to be had and made betwixt the said Prynce and the kynges right 
dere and noble doughter the Ladyc Marye, nowe Pryncesse of 
Castyle. As also suche forme, ordre and maner as was used and 
had in the solempnvsacion and oontractynge of the sayd spouselles 
and mariage, with the cherefull and honourable entretaignynge of 
the sayd Ambassadours durynge their abode within this Peainc. 

* Misprinted u facmorem." b Lcgetiu in original. c Sic. 



THE LADYE MAltYE. o 

Et primum qnidem, quoniam inter oratorea dictorum Imperatoris 
et principis Karoli ex una, et Oratores antedicti liegis Anglic 
Ilenriei S^vtimi, ex altera parte, in oppido Calisie tractatus eon- 
ventio et concluslo perantea esset habita et determlnata ; non 
solum pro perpetua pace et amicicia inter ipsos Imperatorem a et 
Karolum principcm ac Pegcm Anglie invicein ineunda et percu- 
tienda, scd etiam pro jugali federe sponsaliorum et matrimonii 
inter prefatos illustrissimos priheipea Karolum et Mariam feriendo. 
Idcirco, pro plehiore complemento eorum omnium que prius con- 
clusa et determinata in dicto oppido fuissent, prenominatus Doini- 
nus Imperator suam magnain et laudabilem legationem octo 
insignium virorum ad ipsum serenissimum Regeni Ilemicum 

ox o 

misit. 

Quorum primus fuit dominus de Bergis, 1 ' ex majoribus patric 
illius dominia unus. 

Secundus vcro gubernator Brissie, c vir magni honoris et esti- 
mationis. 



Firate, where as here tofore a treatie, convencion and conclusion 
was had and taken at y e townc of Calays, betwixte the kynges 
Ambassadoura on y- one partie. And Thambassadours of the said 
Emperoure and yonge Pryncc on the other partie, as well for a 
perpetuall peax and amytie betwixt the sayde Emperoure, the 
kynges highnes, and the said yonge Prynee Charles, As also for 
mariage to be made betwixt the same Prynee an[d the] kynges 
said right dcre doughtcr the ladyc Marye : So it is y 1 for the 
perfects accomplisshement of all suche thynges as were there passed 
the sayd Emperour now of late sente his right great and honourable 
Ambassade, beynge in nomhre eyght parsonages : — Whereof the 
firstc was the lord Bargez b oon of the gretest lordes of those parties. 
The secondc was the govcrnour of Bresse, c a baron of great honour. 

• Misprinted " Irnpocatore." 

• b John lord of Benches, the Emperor's Chamberlain. 
c Laurence de Gorrevod, eovernor of I5rcsse. 



* TIIE BPOUSELLE8 OF 

Tertius, Doctor Splonke," non medlocris apud Cesarcam !Mnjcs- 
tatei; .uctoritatis homo. 

Quartus, Presidens Flandrie, 1 ' vir admodum prudens et litte- 
ratus ac magno in precio habitus. 

Quintus, dominuo Andreas de Burgo, Eques, Cesarec -majestatis 
consiliarius, singularis sapientie doctrine ct experientic Orator. 

SextuSj Casselcnsis propositus, vir prestans, littcratus et cir- 
cumspectus. 

Septimus vero, Secretarius unus d apprime inodestus ac moribus 
compo&itus. 

Octavus, e Regibus Armorum Anrei Vellcris unus. 

Orcnes sane honorifico amictu et splcndido apparatu conspicui, 
simul et decora ac decenti familia stipati. In quorum societatem 



The thirde doctoure Fploneke," in great favour and auctorite 
■with Themperoure. The fourth Avas the president of Flaun- 
dres, b havyng grcatc wysdome, lcrnyng and auctorite. The fvfthe 
Meayi Andrea dc Burgo, a knyght of Themperours Counsayll, 
of great wysedome, lernynge, and experience, The sixth the 
provost of Cassell, c a goodly personage, right discrete, sadde and 
vrell lcrned. The seventh a secretary.' 1 And y c eyght a kyng at 
armys called Toysan dore. All bcyng honourably appoynted and well 

* Splonke. Fploneke. The name, which was really Pflug, is misprinted both in 
the English and in the Latin. In Uynier it appears in one place (Vol. xiii. 22S) 
as Pileng, and in another as Plough £238); while Wolsey, in his despatches to 
Henry VII., calls him Dr. Flncke. His Christian name was Sigismnnd, and his 
degree was Doctor vtrhifijuc juris or LL.D. 

b Jean le Sauvaigc. 

c George de Theimscke, of whom Sir Thomas More speaks in Lis Utopia as "a 
man not only by learning, but also by nature, of singular eloquence, and in the laws 
profoundly learned ; but in reasoning and debating of matter, what by his natural 
wi* and what by daily exercise, surely he had lew fellows." 

d This was Philip iIanctou,thc Emperor's rirst secretary and audiciitiarius.—Sce 
Rymer xiii. 2M0. 



THE LADYE MARYE. 5 

complurcs magni generosi ac domini vencvunt. Inter quos a 
Dominus de Boners, 1 ' Dominus de Walleyn c ct alii itidem ejus 
patrie nobilcs, numero non mediocri ct valde honorifico. 

Pro tanta igitur Legatione suscipienda ct a littore maris usque 
ad Picgis present iam adducenda plurimi magnates, turn ecclesiastici 
turn scculures, Equites, insuper scutiferi, ac alii nobiles innuiucri, 
vaiiis locis e regie- mandate- sunt constituti ac deputati. 

Ut primum itaque oratorcs ipsi Calisiam applicuere, confestim a 
regio inibi deputato' 1 atque ab ofiiciariis ct armigeris ejus oppidi 
bumaniter atque honorificc sunt exeepti hospitatique, ct benigne ac 
libcraliter tractati : simul ct omni co tempore quo ibidem moram 
traxere pluribus muncribus donati. 

Inde vcro prefatus regius deputatus, vir nobilis ac strcnuus, 
decenter apparatus ct arsociatus, una cum ipsis oratoribus ct eorum 
sequacibus, simul ct tota illorum familia ac caterva comitante ab 



accompanyed. In whose company there came dyverse ^reat lordes, 
as monsyr de Bevers b and monsire de Walieyn c and other o-entylmen 
of those parties, a good and honourable nombre. 

For the me-tyng and comluctynge of whiche Ambassadours at 
and from y e see syde to the kynges presence, there were at sundrye 
places deputed and assigned many and dyverse great Lordes, bothe 
spiritucll and temporall. And also knyghtes, squyers and other 
gentyll men to a great nombre. 

And firste, after that y° sayd Ambassadours at y e kynges towne 
of Calays had ben by the kynges deputie d and the hedde oiucers 
with all the Retynue there goodly receyved, honourably lodged, 
cherefully cntcrtaigncd and presented durynge theyr abode in the 
sayd towne ; the kynges sayd depulie, well appoynted and accom- 

* Misprinted " quoe." 

b _A(lulphc de Bourgogne, Seigneur dc Bcrres (Beverenj. 

« John de Berghcs Seigneur de Wnlhain eldest son of John lord of Berghes 
ahove mentioned. 
J Sir Gilbert Talbot. 



THE SPOUSELLES OF 



ipso oppido Calisie, quod Caletum veterea dixere, mare fcrajecit atque 

ad portum Dobre secundo vcnto applicuit : ubi Prior Eeclesie 
Christ! Gantuarie 8 et dominus Edwardus Ponynghs, Eques, primum 
ipsos oratores exceperunt : eosque ad civitatem usque Cantuariam, 
primariam Regni metropolim, honorific^ adduxcrunt : tradito 
fills e t assignato in eadem Christi ccclesia hospitio. Quo iu loco 
Abbas Sancti Augustini, b majorque et priniarii ejus urbis cives, 
aldermanui vulgo nuncupati, ipso? oratores salutarunt, pluribusque et 
egregiis donis atque humaniseimig ofliciis sunt cos prosecuti. 
Deiiide a dictis Priore et deputato Calisie ac domino Edwardo 
Ponynghs aliisque multifariani nobilibus eomitati, ad oppidum 
Sittyngborne vocatum, atque abindc ad aliuu oppidum, Darford 
nuncupatum, adventarunt ; ubi comes Salopic, c Regie domus mag- 
nus Senescallus, necnon et Episcopus Wyngorniensis d ac prior 
sancti Jobannis, e simul et dominus Thomas Brandon, Ordinis Gar- 
terii Eques, ac Dominus Doctor West, f Regius comiliarius, egregie 



panyed, passed with them from tbense to Dovoure, where the 
pryourc of Cristes Churche 8 at Caunterbury and Sir Edwarde 
Ponyn«res receyved the sayd Ambassadours, and conductynge theym 
to thcCy'tie of Caunterbury, lodged theym in the pryoure of Cristes 
OLurchc lodgyng, where thahbot of say net Augustines,'' the flayer 
and Aldremcn of that Cytie welcomed theym and give great pre- 
sentes and pleasures unto theym. 

From thensc they were conveyed by the sayde Pryoure, the 
deputie of Calays and Sir Edwarde Ponynges well aoeompanyed 
with dyucr [From this point name pages in the English text are 
missing. ~\ 

■ Thomas Gohlstone. b John Dygon. 

f Georire Talbot, seventh Earl of Shrewsbury. 

c John de Giglia Bishop of Worcester, Pupal agent in England. 

r Sir Thomas Docwra, prior of the Knights of St. John at ClerkenwelL 

f Dr. Nicholas W'c-t, afterwards Bishop of Ely. 



THE LADYE MABTE. 7 

apparati, plurimis Equitibus, scutiferlg et nobilibua sumptuoso 
habitu et equitatu associati ipsis oratoribus facti sunt obvii ; eosque 
ad civitatem usque Londonianim perduxere, eisdem continue 
assistentes. 

Porro Alnjor a et Ablcrmanni ejus urbis simul et ordines artificum 
raox in unum recta linea congregati sunt ad eos oratores exci- 
piendos, et ut eorum adventui gratificarentur ; sicque per urbem 
leniter adequitantes, ad preparata illis diversoria, ditissimis auleis 
tapetibusque et aliia ornamentis decora, ac nccessariis quibusqne et 
oportunis rebus provisa, tandem sunt adducti. Erat equidem dies 
quinta Deeembris currente anno a Natale Christiano ]\Iil]eno 
Quingenteno octavo, et serenissimi Regis Henrici Septimi 
vicesiino quarto. 

Poslera vero die illucescente "Revercndissimus Arcbiepiscopus 
Cantuariensis, b Anglic Cancellarius, ac illustris comes Oxonie, 
Magnus Camerarius et Admirallus Anglic, ipsos oratores (Rege 
mandante) visitarunt salutaruntque, eorum aduentui gratulantes. 
Inde Consul urbis quern majorem vocant, simul et })lebis tribuni 
quos vulgus Scliirifos t appellat, et ipsi dictos Oratores visitarunt, 
egregia munera illis offerentes. Prcterea mercatores Stapule et 
alii quaniplmimi cives proxima post illam die adveniente itidem 
feccrunt. Cum itaque oratores ipsi biduo in primaria ipsa regni 
Urbe commorati essenl, sese a longi itineris turn terrestris turn 
maritimi tedio atque incommodis susceptis reficientes, Regia majes- 
tas Palatio suo Grenwici existens ecclesiasticis ac secularibuS sui 
regni dominis, proceribus, equitibus, scutiferis, et nobilibus ad 
Eegale suum obsequium convocatis ac dispositis ditissime apparatis, 
cum aurcis, videlicet, sericeisque omnifarium vestimentis, torqui- 
bus item aureis innumeris, ipsos Oratores a dicto domino Senescallo 

\_Uere the English text is lost. - ] 

■ The mayor this year was Sir Stephen Jennings, merchant taylor. 

b William Warluun, Archbishop of Canterbury. 

c The sheriffs this year were Thomas Exinewc and Richard Smith. 



8 THE SrOUSELLES OF 

atquc aliis primoribus regni dominis acciri. associarique, ct in sue 
majestatis conspectum adduci jussit, per Humeri Thamesim cum 
magna quadam ae decora sumptuosaque regia cymba tunc nuper 
fabrLata, atquc pro illis advehendis constitute et apparata. Quod 
si enarrem fastigiosum ilium ac ditissimum tanti regis et sue regie 
domus apparatum, sinnil et honorificentissimum ordincm ad ipsos 
Oratores denuo susc'ipiendos constitutum, difficile namque mibi 
esset admodum et nimis prolixum. Nichilo tamen minus, quanto 
brevius et magis compendiose potero aliquam ejus rei partem hie 
informs perstvingam. 

Primo namque Oratores ipsi, tit primum in regiam introisscnt, 
per inferioris aule medium non invenustis aulcis apparate ducti 
sunt, Ecgiis magistratibus et ministris seriatim dextra levaque con- 
stitutis ; illincque primum in amenissimam porticum, quam galeviam 
vulgo numcupamus, non multo antea ab ipso re^e erectam. Mox 
in magnum cubiculum rcirium sunt introducti : ubi milites Penrie 
Custodie* quam plurimi aiiuere sumtuoso acdecenti apparatu amicti, 
breviori, videlicet quisque chlamide auro et argento intexta, aureo- 
que panno, veluto et sericeis cujusvis coloris adornata. Post hec 
in aliud anterius cubiculum p netrarunt, quo Capitaneus re< T ie 
Cnstodie plurimis equitibus scutiferis ac nobilibus secum astantibus 
aderat atquc una cum ii> puerorum Regii status ma»ister, necnon et 
ipsi pueri, quos nostri pagios, Galli vero Infantes honoris vocant, 
cerulei veluti chlamidulis induti, rubeis magnis rosis ac liliis den- 
sissimo auro intextis. Ilic Oratores aliquantulam moram fecere, 
i'rigus quod c flumine Tliamesi contraxerant igneo secus caminos 
colore pellentes. 

Cum itaque rex inierea temporis in suo cenaculo sub sui status 
aurco tentorio mancrct, Serenissimi Regis Aragonum Oratorem b 

[lle>c the English text is lost.] 



■ The Knights of the Royal Body, called frequently milites pre carport llrrjis. 
*> Rodxigo de Prtcbla, LL.D. 



THE LADYE MAE YE. 9 

penes sc a dcxtro latere liabens, pauloque inferius abeodem latere 
non parvuin dominorum spiritualium, archicpiseoporum et episco- 
porum numerum, atque a leva manu Illustrissimum Wallie princi- 
pcm, a Cornubie ducein, ac Cestrie comitem, filium suum cbarissi- 
mum, una cum dominis secularibus, Ducibus et Comitibus, aliquanto 
inferius ab eodem latere stantibus; insuper cenaculurn ipsurn quan- 
tumvis latum. et dimensum ingenti procerum, Dominorum, Equitum 
et Consiliariorum regiorum numero rcpletum esset; jussit Oratores 
predictos in suum conspectuni adduci. Quibus adductis, post 
humilem ac debitam eorum obedientiam prestitam atque in redden- 
dis Cesaree Majestatis litteris singularem eommendationem factam. 
Rex nobilissimus atque omnium regum pisstantissimus divinam 
potius quam humanam pre se ferens maj estate m ac veram regie 
dignitatis excellentiam, humanissimis gratiosissimisque illos suscepit 
verbis, dicens cos bene et feliciter ad sese et suum regnum adven- 
tasse. Quo facto Oratores ad scdilia illis assignata paulum retro- 
ccssere. 



Here occurs a ivhole page illustration, representing the 
King on his throne, and the President of Flanders, whose 
back is turned to the spectator, di recti g opposite to him, in 
the act of addressing him, the lords on either side being 
seated. 

• Henry Prince of Wales, afterwards Henry VIII. 



10 THE SPOUSELESS OF 

Rege sub suo aureo tcntorio sedente, Oratoreque regis Arago- 
mim ac spiritualibus dorninis a dcxtro comuj ut dictum est, in 
declivi loco, atque Illustrissimo principe genito regio prcdicto 
aliisque secularibus dorninis eque ac pari modo a sinistra manu, 
item et Oratoribus predictre ex Regis adverso consedentibus, turn 
presidens Flandrie Latinam concionem propalam habuit, adventus 
suoruni eollegarum ct suiipsius causa in, vimque legationis ostendens; 
Cujus quidem tenor ac sensus hie fu.it: quod scilicet pro extrema 
manu imponenda iis omnibus que jampridem in oppitlo Calisie super 
amicicia ct matrimonio predictis transacta ct conciusa fuissent, ad 
serenissinuun Anglic Regem Venissent a Cesarea majestate destinati. 
Cui quidem eoncioni Reverendissimus Dominus Arehiepiscopus 
Cantuariensis, 8 Anglie Cancellarius, liege mandante, dignum atque 
honorificum dedit responsum. 

Cum itaque hec sic acta cssent Screnissimus Bex Oratores ad se 



And thus, the kinges highncs beyng under his clothe of estate, 
the Ambassadoure of Aragon and the iord.es spirituell syttyno'e on 
his right hande downewarde, and my lorde the Prynce with other 
Lordes temporall syttynge in like wyse on the leftc hande. and the 
sayd Ambassadours syttynge also dircctely before his grace, the 
president of Flaundres purposed a proposicion contaignynge the 
cause of their eommynge; which was for the parfect accomplissemcnt 
of all thynges passed and concluded fur the saydc amiticand Mariage 
at the towne of Calays. 

To which proposition Tharchebysshop of Caunterburv chaunceller 
of Englonde by the kynges commaundeincnt made a good and 
honourable ana we re. 

This doon the kynges grace called the Ambassadours unto hym, 

■ William W'arham. 



THE LADYE MAEYE. 11 

accivit et illos est allocutuscum taut a verborum majcstate, gravitate 
et facundia, at Orator insignia atque cxccllens a cunctis audien- 
tibus judicatus sit ct immcnsam sui admirationem atque incredibilc 
gaudium omnibus qui aderant reliquerit. 

Qui cum finem dicendi fecisset, urbano supra modum vultu ac 
regio gestu Oratores ipsos in penetralius suum et magis sccretum 
cubiculum secuin adduxit : Ubi de magnis ac secretis non parvi 
ponderis rebus, diu invicem sunt collocuti. 

Que cum acta essent Oratores, prima ilia babita audientia, Serenis- 
simo Regi pro eo die vale facientes, Londonias sunt rcversi a 
dominis supra recitatis honorifice reducti. 

Sequent! vero luce Reverendissimi Domini, Archiepiscopus Can- 
tuariensis* et Episcopus Wyntoniensis, b Comes HarundeUie, c com- 
pluresquc alii magni domini et consiliarii regii, liege jubente, 
eosdem Oratores visitarunt, ut commissionem auctoritatemque 
quam a suis principibus haberent, simul et scripta que secum attu- 
lissent pro pcrfcctione singulorum tractatuum et conclusionum 



and famylierly entred communycacion with tbera upon many and 
goodly devyses, bryngynge tlieym into his Inner chambre, where 
after the}' had longe contynued and talked of and upon many great 
and weyghty matieis they departed for that tyme to London accom- 
panyed with the lordes and others before wryttcn. 

The daye folowynge Tharchebysshoppe of Cauntcrbury, the 
Bysshop of Wynchcstre, Therll of Arundell, with dyverseand many 
great lordes and other of the kynges counsayll by the kynges coni- 
maun dement reasorted to y° sayd Ambassadours to se and examyne 
suche commyssions and wrytynges as they had brought with them for 
thaccouiplisshement of all and synguler suche treaties and conclusious 

a William Warham. b Kichard Fox. 

c Thomas Fitz-Alan, 10ih Earl of Aruu<]el. 



12 TI1E SPOTJSELLES OF 

perantea in oppido Calisie habitorum diligenter viderent ct 
examinarcnt. 

Que sane omnia scripta postquain visa et lecta essent, graviterque 
et mature, ut in tanta re conveniebat, examinata, adeo per feet a plena 
et Integra atque effectualiter confecta reperta sunt pro dietorum 
amicitie et matrimonii corroboratione, ut perfectiora pleniorave aut 
mtegriora vel mngis efficacia esse nullo modo possent. 

Quoniam in lis primum eontineretur Acceptatio et confirmatio 
Cesaree majestatis suo nomine pro dicta amicicia tantopere lata et 
ampla quantopere excogitari queat ; sua sub manuali signatura et 
ma<;no sl^illo. 

Deinde Confirmatio ejusdem Cesaree majestatis tanquam tutoris 
proteetorisque et defensoris illustrissimi Karoli principis Castelle 
prenominati, insimul vigorose junpta et per ipsos lmperatorem ac 
principem facta sub eoruradem manualibus signaturis et si^'illis. 

Peramplius inter ea scripta certc obligationcs et pene ipsorum 
Impcratoris et principis eonjunctim ac divisim separatimque in 



as were taken at the sayde towne of Calays ; whiehe wrvtynges by 
good deliberation well and substantially seen, the same were founde 
as perfyte and effectuell as coudebc devysed to be. So that for the 
corroboracion of y c sayd amy tie and manage there can not by marines 
reason more be desyred to be had. 

For there is first Thempcrours acceptacion and confirmacion by 
hymselfe of y e said amytic, which is as large as can be thought, 
under his signe and scale. 

There is also a confirmacion tor the sayd Emperoure as tutor and 
manborne of the said yonge Prynce joynctely togydre, substancially 
made by the sayde Emperoure and prynce with their signe manu- 
ellis and scales. 

There be also obligations and baudes of the sayd Emperoure and 



THE LAPYE MAETE. 13 

solidum fucrant apposite, sese ac suos heredeSj terras et subditos in 
magna pecuniarum summa obligantium, quam quidem sum mam et 
pecuniariam penam pint fofisfacturi casu quo istud matrimonium 
inter Illustrissimum principem Karolum predictum et serenissimi 
Regis filiam predictam suum non sortiatur effectum. 

Ad hec eidem Blustrissime principi regie filie in patria pjusdcm 
Illustrissimi domini princip'is honorifica dos est assignata, in terris 
videlicet et prediis ac dominiia quorum ipse princeps ad presens est 
pacificus possessor, atque etiam in aliis terris fundis et dominiis 
que illi imposterum accrescere vel quovismodo obvenire poterunt, 
longe largior et amplior quam aliqua Burgundie ducissa antca 
unquam fuerit assecuta. 

Pro qua nempe dote sufficiens et idonea cautio ac fidojussio est 
prestita ; atque ex super habundanti terre et subditi ejusdem illus- 
trissimi I'rincipis Karoii de auctoritate et consensu sacratissimi Im- 
peratoris in consimiles penas obligantur. 



yonge pryrice, aswell joynctcly as a parte and severally, byndyno- 
themself, thcyr beyres, landcs and subgiettes, under right great 
sommes of money for penalties whiche tbey shall for fay te in caas this 
mar i age betwixt y e yonge prynee and the kynges doughter take not 
effect. 

There is also an honourable dower assigned to the kynges sayd 
doughter in the sayd yonge Prynceslandes that he is nowe possessed 
of and that shall in any maner wyse discende unto hym herafter, 
largelycr thenne ever had any duchesse of Borgoyne, and good 
assurauhce made for the same. 

The landes countrayes and subgettes of the sayd yon^e Prynee 
by the Emperours auctoritc and assent be also bounden in lyke 
penalties. 



14 TIIE SPOUSELLES OF 

Qua in re illustrissima quoque domina Margarets ducissa Sabau- 
die relicta, pro sua parte, eodem modo sub magnia penis est 
obligata. 

Postremo, magnus dominorum vulgariumque populorum sub 
obedientia dicti principle Karoli existentium numerus pari modo in 
similes penas sub eorum manualibus subscrlptionibus et sioillis obli- 
gatur. 

Consimilique et pari modo pro dictarum rerum omnium comple- 
ment ex parte dicti domini Regis atque etiam pro pcrfectione 
matrimonii et dotis solutione a sua maj estate dicte sue filie assimilate 
et coneesse pro suo connubio, que larga admodum et honorifica est, 
obligationcs et seciiritatcs prestite sunt in cadem forma et tenore ac 
consimilibus penis. 

Quare ex premissis constat banc confederationem et affinitatem 
tanta cum maturitate, circumspectione et consilio stabilitam ac firma- 
tam esse, et utrinque indissolubili nodo conncxam, ut, nisi morte 
alterius horum duorum principum (quod Deus avertat) contino-ente 



The duehesse of Sauoye is also bounde in lyke wyse undre a 
greate penaltie for hyr parte. 

And over that a great nombre of the lordes and townes under 
tbobeissaunce of the sayd yonge Prince be semblably bounden in 
lyke penalties under theyr signcs and scales. 

And for thaccomplisshemcnt of all the sayde matiers on the 
kynges partie, as well for the perfeccion of the Manage as the pay- 
ment of the dote to be yeven by his grace with his sayd dou^hter 
for hir mariage, whiehe is right large and honourable, lyke bandes 
and suerties be made under semblable penalties. 

By the premysses it is manyfestc and opennc that this aliaunce and 
alVinite is by so great aforo sight and deliberacion suerly establisshed 
and knytte on both parties that it can not be dissolved or broken 
oonles it be by dctbe of any ol the bothe parties contrahent. Whiehe 



THE LA DYE MAP. YE. 15 

neque dissolvi ncque infringi quovismodo possit aut valeat. Quod 
si mors etiam superveniret, nihilorninus amicitia et confcdcratio in 
sua plena vinutc et robore permaneret. 

Certissimum est autem absque ulla prorsus hesitatione quod nus- 
quam antea aliqua amicitia confederatiove inter aliquos alios prin- 
cipes inita est et conelusa, meliore animo et magis. sinceva mente, 
absque ullo fraudis seu doli vel simultatis astu interveniente, quam 
hec ipsa una, que inter sacratissimum Romanorum Imperatorcm et 
serenissimum Anglic ac Francie Regem ad presens est inita et 
conelusa. Que haud dubie hoc tempore est nobilior confederatio, 
simul et grandius matrimonium quod in tota re publica Christiana 
existat : attentis presertim consideratisque tot regnis, patriis et re- 
gionibus quas dictns lllustrissimus princeps Karolus vero et justo 
titulo sibi debitas, vita coinite, faventcque Altissimo, est recepturus 
hereditarias. Qua ex re qualis quantusve honos potestas et forti- 
tude dictis Imperatori, Regi et Prineipi atque eorum patriis, dominiis 
et subjectis obvenict, babentibus ex hujusmodi confederatione Ger- 



God defende. Howe be it thamitie neuertbeles sbal stande in full 
strength and vigour. 

And it is of trouth and undoubted that there was never amy tie or 
aliaunce hertofore made aud concluded betwixt any Prynces with 
better wyll and mynde, without coloure or dissymulacion, then this 
that nowe is taken betwixt the sayde Emperour and the kvnges 
hyghncs, whiche at tin's daye is the most noble aliaunce and gretest 
Manage of all Christendome., consideryng the sundry and manyfolde 
Regions and Countrayes that the saydc yonge Prynce by right nyghe 
possibilite, if God sende hym lyf, shal enherite. And what honour, 
strengthe and coramoditie shal ensue unto the saydc Emperour the 
kynges iiighncs and the yonge Prynce, thcyr landes, countrayes and 
subgcttes havynge by this aliaunce Almavne, Englonde, Castile, 



•16 THE SPOUSELLES OF 

maniam, Angliam, Castellam, Legionem, Granatam ac omnes in- 
feriorcs Flandrie partes sibi adjunctas ct innodatas, non facile judi- 
cal! potest, ob multos egregios ac notabiles efTectus exinde secuturos, 
tnm ad honorem, commodum et securitatem utriusque partis quam 
etiam confedcratoruui et alligatorum suorum, necnon et eorundem 
regnorura, patriarum ac subditorum. 

Hoc igitur pacto serenissimus Rex Anglic Ilenricus Septimus, pro 
sua celesti et incomparabili sapientia ac procidentia, binas sins filias 
duobus maximis prineipibus sibi vicinis ac propinquis matrimonio 
locavit ; Regi videlicet Scocie Illustrissimo alteram natu gran- 
diorem," et clarissimo principi Castelle Archiduci Austrie aliam. 
Quo fit ut hoc Anglic regnum cum eisdem principibus et eorum 
regnis dominiis ac patriis lute ac secure magnoque cum lionore ac 
dignitate et auctoritatc versetur. 

Postea A _ ero quam ea scripta perfecte ac legittime confecta reperta 
sunt at que bine inde vicissim tr.-idita et accepta, illico Rex ad 
castellum suum dc Richmonte* pro sponsalibus et matrimonio 
inter prefatos illustrissimos Castelle principes Karolum et Mariam 
contrnhendis et celebrandis inovit ; ad quern locum dicti Oratores 



Lyons, Granate, and all these lowc Countrayes knytte and joynetl 
tcgydres, it can not lightly be estemed ; for many great ar.d notable 
eflectes maye and shall undoubtedly ensue thereby, aswel to the 
honour, weale and suertic of both parties, theyr confederates and 
lilies, as also to their Realties, countrayes and subgettes. 

[Her« occurs another gap in the English text.] 


* Margaret married to James IV. of Scotland. 

b The old palace at Sheen, as the place was tlien called, was burned down on the 

21st December, 1497. It bad since been rebuilt in most snmptnons fashion, and 

called by Henry Richmond iron, the title which he bore before he was King. The 

locality, it is needless to say, is known by that name still. 



TIIE LADYE MARYB. 17 

pluribus et mngnis dominie ac nobilibus comitati fuerunt adducti 
(fuitautcm sextadecima dies mensis Decembris supra nominati). Ubi 
non solum fucrant omnes hospitati in separatis semotisque et dis- 
junctis cubiculis, diti.-simis auleis tapetisque et lectis supra quam 
credi possit apparatis, sed etiam quinque aut sex dierum spacio 
continuato honorificentissime tractati et applausi regio sumptu fuere. 

Quod si ipsius regie domus de Ricbemonte decorem et ornatum 
atquc tarn Sacelli illius et magne aule quam cubiculorum preciosis- 
simum apparatum litteris maudare velim, longum sane et mirum 
admodum ac perdifficile opus esset. Potissimum in recitanda poin- 
posa et supc-rba illorum structura ac eorum apparatu splendidissimo, 
simul et loci atquc aeris amenitate ac salubritate, una cum artificio- 
sissimis ac ditissiuiis auleis tapetisque quibus eo tempore domus 
ipsa fulgebat et tota erat corusca. Quibus rebus facile judicari 
potuit talem tamque magnificam domum toto terrarum orbe com- 
periri non posse ; quandoquidem terrestrem magis paradisum quam 
domum aliquam sive palatium representabat. 

Aula siquidem ditissimis auleis auro argentoque et serico contextis 
undique nitebat. Qua fuit magnus et excelsus abacus vasis argenteis 
inauratis onustus, ferine a terra usque ad altissima laquearia erectus, 
miri quidem et rion facile estimabilis valoris aut precii ; ubi diversi 
panni status au'rei preciosi valde in altum erecti tendebantur. 

Sacellum vero quo res divina celebratur pannis aureis ditissimis 
opertos parietes habuit. Altare autem Regium totmagnis sanctorum 
imaginibus, partial auro partial argento inaurato fabricatis, quibus 
preciosorum lapiduin et margaritarum immensus numerus erat infixus 
opertuai fuit ut non potucrint plures superiaiponi. Insuper omnia 
tarn magaa quam parva cubicula, non solum quibus Rex utitur, sed 
quibus defuncta Kegina,* dum in huaianis agerct, usa est, et tunc 
iliustrissiaia princepa regia filia utebatur, exquisitissimis preciosis- 

\_IIcre the English text is lost.'] 

• Elizabeth of York, Queen of Henry VII., died on the 11th February, 1503. 

D 



18 THE SPOUSELLES OF 

simisque auleis auro et serico intextis fucrunt apparata cum pannia 
statuum aureis accomodatissimis. 

Ad hec duo ampla cubicula in proprio liegis diversorio fuere pre- 
ciosis mirum in modum et supra omnem fidem pannis aureis parietcs 
opertos habentia cum ditiovibus et magis preciosis lectis quam usquam 
visi fuevunt auvo margaritis et carioribus gemmis consutis. Sed ne 
longior fiam quam meuin fuerat institutum, hoc pulcherrimum 
palatium absque aliquo alio pari palatio apparatum relinquo. Hoc 
unum tautum adjiciena : quod neque Cresi Lidorum regis gaza, 
neque Hide Phrygutn opes, aut Tagi Pactolive sen Padi a.uree arene 
hujustanti Regis opibus conf'erri queant. Scdjam redeo ad egregiam 
excellentium sponsaliorum et matrimonii solermitatem, que habita 
est die dominica proxima, qui sextus decimus a ejusdem mensis 
antedicti fuit dies. Quo die, post sol is or turn, ubi Oratores precioso 
amictu induti magnum Illustrissime principis domine Marie Re^ie 
filie cubiculum, preciosissime, ut antca dictum est, ornaturn, et innu- 
meris dominis ac magni honoris matronis decentissime ornatis reple- 
tum, ingressi sunt: Turn Pex a suo cubiculo secus ipsam iliustris- 
simam dominam posito movcns, illuc cum suis primoribus dominis 
et Consiliariis ac aliis magnatibus concessit, ipsosque Oratores 
placidis et benignis verbis ad pauculuin temporis detinuit, donee 
illustrissima princeps ejus (ilia, ab Illustrissima Principe TVailie, 
Eegis Aragonum et Rcgine Hellisabet 6 nuper Castelle genita, aliis- 
que nobilissimis et dignissimis matronis associata ad predictum cubi- 
culum pervenisset. 

Pro declaranda autem et litteris mandanda eximia tantc principis 
forma modestia et gravitate quam pre se tulit ac aliis laudabilibus 

[Here the English text is lost."] 



* This is an error, for the 16th December was Saturday in JoOS. Of course the 
reading should have been decimus scptim.ua. The ICtfa of the mouth has been 
already mentioned in the narrative (p. 17). 

b Isabella the Catholic. 



THE LADYE MARYE. ] 9 

gestibus et moclis tante principi pertinentibus eo tempore in ilia 
compertis ac deprehensis, hand dubia non essct in. mea potestate 
ullo sermonc vel pagitia comprelicndere. Illud tamen non preter- 
mittam quod ad formam venustatemque alterius cujusvis principis 
sen regine ca in etate tain tenera constitute (agebat namque circiter 
undecimum etatis annum) vel nulla vel rarissima admodum fieri 
posset comparatio. Sua namque regia liumanitas et nobilis ac vere 
paterna quantum tenera etas patiebatur gravitas omnibus advenien- 
tibus cxhibita ; habitus insuper ac gestus et bonorum morum com- 
positio tanta fuit ut libcre ailirmare possim tantas tamquc ogregias 
ac certe Regias virtutes apud aliquam aliam etiam provectiorem quara- 
cumque principem aut dominam in his tam magnis mysteriis diutius 
exercitatam educatamve depreheirdi nusquam posse. 

Quicquid enim revercntie aut humilis subjectionis, simul et gravi- 
tatis ac continentie, suo sercnissimo patri debebatur ; et quicquid 
insuper humanitatis atque afFabilitatis erat Oratoribus prestandum : 
id totum tanquam veterana et sapientissima princeps exhibult. 

His itaque cerimoniis sic peractis, illustrissima princeps filia Regia 
in altiorem locum honorifice pro ilia suscipienda apparatum se 
recepit, ubi sola sub aureo tentorio stetit, predicta principe "Wallic 
spacio multum inferiore permanente. 

Here occurs a full page illustration representing the Prin- 
cess under the gilded canopy giving her hand to lord Berghes 
on her right hand, the King and Prince Henry standing 
by. Catherine of Arragon, Princess of Wales, is on -the 
left, and a number of spectators occupy the foreground. 



20 THE SPOUSELLES OF 

Moxque aliquantula temporis intercapcdine ct silentio b-abitis, 
Arcbiepiscopus Cantuariensis, a Angelie Cancellarius, clcgantem ac 
iloridam habult orationem, non modo matrimonii dignitatem et 
illius commendation.em, sed etiam sanguinis et prosapie utriusque 
partis quas inter id matrimonium esset eelcbrandum, necnon et 
utrarumque progenitorum exccllentiam tangentem; inultiplices de- 
nique bonos effectus qui exinde sequi possent, tarn pro utraque 
parte et earum regnis patriis et subjectis quam etiam pro universe 
rei publico Cbristiane conservatione commodo et accrement:). 

Qua oratione finita presidens Fiandrie, unus oratorum, partem 
ejus orationis babite reassumens, novum atque elegantem liabuit 
orationem, laudes amieicic matrimoniique ac ubercs multifariam 
fructus ex iis manantes : simul et immensa atque incredibilia bona 
ex hujusmodi nova confederationc et ailinitate secutura com- 
memorans. 

Quibus sic actis, quoniam dominus de Bergis solus auct.oritate 
fultus erat ad id matrimonium cum dicta illustrissima principe 
nomine prefati illustrissimi principis Karoli contrabendum, intcrro- 
gatus est si quam sccretiorem faCultatem aut magis speeialem ultra 
generalia cum suis collegis mandata haberet. Qui quidem dominus 
commissarius et procurator, suiRcienti ct plena auctoritate in hac 
parte siiffuhus suam comrriissionem ct privatam procurationem 
palam exbibuit atque ostendit; que distincte et aperte lecta est; per 
quam sufriciens et ample* potestas atque auctoritas ad contruhendum 
dictum matrimonium validiori et magis eflicaci quo fieri posset 
modo per Imperatorem ac principem predictos conjunctim ac divi- 
sim f'uerat illi tradita. 

Qua re cognita ac pcrspecta causavit rex ipsuin dominum de 
Bergis una cum aliis oratoribus ad catbedram status qua illustrissima 
princeps manebat appropinquare pro dictorum sponsaiiorum et 
matrimonii eclcbratione ac perfectione fienda : ubir dominus ipse de 

[Here the English text is lost."] 

■ William "Warliam. 



THE LADYE MARYE. 21 

Bcrgis, post debitas reverentias, humiliori quo fieri protuit ac 
debuit modo ct forma exhibitas, ostensamque maximam afFectionern 
et commendationem illustrissimi principis Castelle erga illam, 
accipiens ipsam illustrissimam dominam per man us, reeitansque 
auetoritntem sibi ad contrahendum cutn ilia matrimonium nomine 
dicti illustrissimi principis Karoli concessam, legit juxta informa- 
tionem predicti president.is verba perfectum et lcgittimum inatri- 
monium per verba de prescnti contrahentia. Que quidera verba 
perantea in scriptis posita i'uerant atque effectualiter previsa et pre- 
meditata, tuiu-que per cundem Dominum de Beigis prolata et 
ostensa, prout presidens ipse ea sibi de verbo ad verbum legit. 

Post bee vero utraque manus dextra, tain Jllustiissime principis 
doniine Marie filie regie quam ipsius domini de Bergis, invicem 
juncta est et inde disjuncta, veluti in tali contractu moris est et 
fieri consuevit. lllustrissima siquidem princeps tenens dictum 
dominum de Bergis per dextcram manum maxima cum prudentia 
et regali continentia absque ulla prorsus sibi matrimonialia verba 



And after due reverence in moost humble maner shewed and 
doon by the sayde Lord Bar[ges] with moost effectuous recommenda- 
cio[nm]ade on the behalf of the Pry nee of Castile, he then, takynge 
my sayd lady by the hande, and eftsoncs declaryng thauctorite 
yeven unto hym to contracte matrimony with hir for and in the 
name of the sayde ydnge Prynce, rehersed and uttred at the infor- 
macion of the sayd presydent the wordes of parfect matryhionye 
per verba de present! whiehe were before substantially devysed, 
put in writyng and by the sayd lorde Barges then spoken and uttred, 
lyke as the said president redde theym unto hym. 

And that doon, the handes withdrawen and dysulosed as the 
manor is, the Kynges sayde doughter, eftsoncs takyng the sayd loid 
Barges by the hande, with moost sadde and pryncely countenaunce, 
havyngc noo maner of persone toreherse the wordes of inatrymonye 



22 TnE SPOUSE LLES OF 

recitantc; perfecte pro sua parte ac distincte ipsa verba lingua 
Gallica longo intervallo protulit. 

Que quiJem verba rationc commissionis dicto domino de Bcrgis 
facte fuerant admodum prolixa: nihilo tamen minus ab ipsa 
Dornina absque ulla prorsus animi perturbatione morave aut inter- 
ruptionc sunt prolata. 

Que res sane eomplures diversosque nobiles et alios astantes 
atque audientes non solum mirari et obstupesccre sed etiam pre 
nimio gaudio et cordis dulcedine in laciirimas ferine coetjit 
irrumpere. 

Postca vera quam ea verba pronunciata sunt, prefatus dominus 
de Bergis, illustrissimi principis Karoli prcdicti procurator, pro 
corroboratione ac confirmationc dicti contractus, non modo scriptia 
omnibus superinde confectis verba matrimonii continentibus per 
ipsum tunc osfcensis se subseripsit, prout ipsa quoque illustrissima 
domiria Maria pro sua parte fecit, Sed etiam omni cum revcrentia 
dictam dominam est exosculatus, atque uni illius digito aurcum 



to hir utterd, spake parGttely and distinctely in the frensche tonce 
by a longe circunstaunce the wordes of matrimonye for hir partie, 
v/hichc by reason of the rehersall of Ins commission were vcraye 
longe. Howe be it she spike the same without any basshin" of 
countenaunce, stoppe or interrupoion therin in any behalf; whichc 
thyng caused dyvcrsc and many, as wel nobles as other, then 
beynge present and hcrynge the same, not oonly to mervayle but 
also in suche wyse to rejoyse that for extreme cont[en]tc and 
gladnes the tcrvs passed out of thevr ies. 

After the prolaciOh and utterance of whiche wordes y c snyd lord 
Barges, as ]>rocuratour to the sayd yonge Pryncc, for corroboracion 
and confirmacion of the s.iyde contract, not oonly subscribed the 
wrytyng conteignynge the wordes of matrymonyc by hym then 
uttred, lyke as my forsayed ladye dydc also for her partie, but also 



THE LADYE MAEYE. 23 

annulum imposuit : proque dicti contractus sic celebrati testimonies 
tabellionea duo interfuere ab utraque parte rcquisiti, at dc ea 
re publica conficerent instrumenta : Omnesque doraini ac domine et 
nobilcs premissa intuentes et audientes tunc ibidem instanter 
sunt requisiti, quatenus de iis que in eorum prcsentia essent acta 
testes essent et apud omnes omni tempore verum perhibcrent testi- 
monium. Mpx tube ad classicum clangentes et innumcra cuj us- 
que generis musica instrumenta increpuerunt, suosque ad longum 
temporis spacium sonitus dederunt, tante rei geste tantique triumphi 
gaudium ct exultationem indicantes. Statimque Rex serenissimus 
Dominum de Bergis, Commissarium prcdictum, Cesaree legationis 
caput, per dextrum cub i turn apprehendens. ceteris oratoribus magno 
atque honorifico dominorum cetu associates preeuntibus, ad suum 
sacellum perrexit, altam et solemncm missam auditurus que eo 
die ab episcopo Londoniarum a inibi csset celebranda. 



tbe sayd lorde in reverent maner kyssed the sayd ladye Glaive 
and put a Evng of golde on hir fynger, and in wyttenesse and 
testymonye of the sayd contract there were two notaries there 
beynge present, requyred on bothe parties to make instrumentes upon 
the same. And'all thelordesladyes and nobles heryng and seyngthe 
prcmysses then and there were desyred to here wyttenesse therunto. 

This doon the Trumpettes and other Instrumentes to a great 
nombre blewe and played by a good space upon theyr Instrumentes 
in rejoysynge this noble Acte and triumphe. 

Then immediatly the Kynges grace taking the Lorde Bargis, 
beynge pryneypall of Thambassadours by the arme, all the other 
Ambasradours accompanyed with many great Lordes and nobles 
goynge before his grace, passed and resorted unto his closet.to here 
the hyghe and solempne Masse that daye sayd by the Bysshop of 
London a in his Chapell. 

a Eicbard Fitz j aruei. 



24 THE SPOUSE LLES OF 

Cumque in suum tentorium ex purissimo panno aurco confectum 
se recepisset, tibi rem divinam audire assolet, Oratorcs in proximum 
contiguumque majus saeellum sunt adducti, in quo pro illis suscipi- 
endis locus status locupletissime fuerat apparatus. 

Ut vero majori misse finis est datus et psalmus Te Deum lent- 
damns cum cantus jubilatione et veneratione decantatus, Oratorcs 
in aliud saeellum quo Regem reliquerant reducti sunt; Ubi rex 
inodo ac forma supradictis prefatuin dominum de Bcrgis sccum 
assumens, aliis ut dictum est Oratoribus anteeuntibus, ad suum unde 
fuerat egressus cubiculum retroversus est, immensa Dominorum 
Equitum Scutiferoru.no que et aliorum n obi Hum ditissime apparatorum 
precedente sequenteve caterva. 

Quo die Rex voluit cundem dominum de Bergis, necnon et 
gubernatorem Brissie secum epulari. Reliqui autem oratorcs ad 
aliud proximum contiguumque cenaculum diverterant; ubi hono- 



And when the Kinges grace was entred into bis travcrs, which 
was of pure and fyne cloth of golde, the sayd Ambassadours were 
brought in to the Chapell, where was a place richely appointed and 
ordeigned for theym. 

And after the byghe Masse was doon, and Te Deum laudamus 
with great rejoysyng songe, the sayd Ambassadours were eftsones 
broughte into the kynges closet. Where the kynges highnes in 
fourmc and marier as before is sayd tokc y c sayd Lorde Barges by 
the armc. And all the other Ambassadours, goyngc before his 
grace, went and entred into his Chambre, accempanyed with a ri«*ht 
great nombre of Lordes, Knightes, squyrcs, and other nobles richely 
appointed. ' ' 

That daye the kynges highncs caused the lorde Barges and the 
Govemourc of Bresse to dyne with hym at his owne table, thother 
Ambassadours departyng to another chambre next adjoynyngc, where 



THE LADYE MAE YE. 25 

rificum pro illis prandium fuerat provisum. Quibuscum divcrsi 
turn spirituals turn ternporales regni Anglic domini commessati 
sunt. Missa faciam in presentiarum adhibitam scrvicia, solemni- 
tates ordinesque, lautas insuper atque exquisitas dapes: simul et 
varia ac preciosa vinorum genera, neenon et auream argenteamque 
inauratam supellcctilem, qua regie majestati atque oratoribus eo 
die est ministratum. Certissimum est autem nullum craterem 
calieemve aut ciatiim vel urccum sive salinum vol gutturnium, 
nullamque aliam supellcctilem iis mensis fuisse appositam que non 
vei a ex perfectissimo auro denso ac lato margaritis preeiosisque 
gemniis ornato, aut saltern ex argento tarn dense inaurato esset 
f'abricata ut integrum purumque aurum appareret. 

Finite- autem tarn regali et sumptuoso prandio atque amotis 
mensis, ailuerunt illico diversi domini ac strenui Equites armati 
ad torniamenta seu hastiludia in decus et ornamentum ac laudem 
ejus solemnitaris facienda parati. Cum quibus Eex una secum 



provysion was made for tlicm in moost honourable maner, and there 
dyned, accompanyed with dyverse of the grettest Lordes sperituall 
and temporall of the Ilea me. 

I shall not reherse what solempnitie and ordre in servyce, what 
delicate and sumptuous metes, wdiat dyversytie of pleasaunt wynes, 
what plate of gold and silver gilted, the kynges grace had and was 
served with that daye. But this is certaync that there was no sake, 
cuppe or layer that that daye was set on the horde but it was 
of fyne glod, b great and large, preciously garnysshed with perles 
and stones, ne yet noo dische or sawcer but it was gilte and as 
bryght as golde. 

The dyner fynisshed, there were dyvers grete Lordes^and valiaunt 
knyghtes armed and preprayred b to Justin y e honoure of that feest; 
whiche to se the Kinges grace with the sayde Ambassadours 

• vel non in orijr. b Sic. 



26 THE SrOUSELLES OF 

Oratorcs chicens quo lancearum eoncursus et ipsos armatos invicem 
congredientes videret, in magnam atque egregiam ejus palatii por- 
ticum, quam galeriam vocant, superior! bus ranis miro ac sumptuoso 
opcrc a se edifieatam se convertit. Ibi namquc patentes fenestre 
plurime sunt ex adverso loci quo futurus erat eoncursus ad tntissi- 
muin apertissimumque spectaculum accommodate. Erat autem 
ipsa porticus ■ auleis tapetibusquc decenter ornata, tot preterea 
musicis et variis ludorum instrumentis fertilis et copiosa, ut nulla 
ferine honesta volupras quam quisquam optaret ibi deesset. In 
quern quidem locum prefata illustrissima domina Maria jam prin- 
ceps Castelle, simul et illustrissima prince}. s Wallie, non parvo 
decentissimarum dominarum uumero comitate, insimul spectandi 
gratia venerunt, 

Interea milites ipsi, fortibus equis armisque et ceteris rebus ad 
mili tar em disciplinam pertinentibus abunde ailluenterquc et preciose 
provisi, tentoriis videlicet; phaleris cquorum, lanceis et omnifariam 
bellicis instrumentis ac quibuscunque ad ipsa torniamenta conducenti- 
bus ornamentis, apparatibus insupcr multis aurifabrorum artificio 
fabricatis, panno identidem aureo sericeoque et cam pan is ac nolis 
arfTcntcis atque aliis multimodis preciosis et novis rebus, quas 
nimis loftgumcsset recitare, ad ineundum inter sese certamen presto 
erant. ' 



reasorted to his galarye, bcynge ricbely hanged and appointed ; and 
.vhyther also came my saide lady Marye Pryncesse of Castile and 
the Pryncesse of Wales, aecompanyed with a goodly nombre of 
fayre Ladycs. Howe well horsed and harneissed, howe richly 
appoynted were the said lordes and knyghtes, with pavylyons, 
trappers, bardes, and other ornamentes and ap^areyll of goldsmyth 
werke, clothe of golde, silke and other ryche garnyssynge. ana with 
belles of silver and many diverse devises, it were to longe a pro- 
cesse to wryte. For by the space of thre dayes these justis con- 



TIIE LADYE MAEYE. 27 

St'abat etenim e regione loci quo congressus illc futurus erat 
circiter medium locus prominens et editus in facicm lati et oblongi 
pulpiti, tabularum structura erectus, super quo heraldi regii 
splendido apparatu et amictu decori, una cum regiis tubicinibus 
consedebant ut bellatorum ictus annotarent et eorum qualitatem 
tubis (ut moris est) clangentibus indicarent conscriberentquc. 

Ceptum est igitur inter ipsos belligeros atrox prelium, quod 
absque ulia iniermissione, quantum lux diurna post meridiem passa 
est, continuis tribus dicbus fuit continuatum : quolibet eorum 
armatorum singulo quoque die durante co triduo cum recentiore 
splendidioreque ac snmptuoso magis apparatu in campum pro- 
deunte. 

Aderat ingens ntrineque sexus tarn nobilium quam populariuni 
nmltitudo, que videndi gratia illuc confluxerat : et que fractarum 
Iancearum fragore audito ac tubarum clangore lignum dante intel- 
lecto innnenso's ad celum clamores mittebat et modo uni modo 
alteri armato prout sua cujusque in eorum aliquem major inerat 
devotio majores favores voce prestabat. Pulchrum autem erat 
in tanto certamiue innumeras lanceas armis collisas atque hinc inde 
confractas videre : et earuni frusta in altissima usque aera sepenu- 
mero conscendcre. 

Eadem die dominiea civitas omnisLondoniarum invicem gaudens 



tynued, and day by day every lorde and knygbt bad dyversite and 
cbaungc of appareilles every day richer than other. 

And finally on the last day was also a goodly torneye, and 
certaynly all the sayd lorde?, knyghtes and men of amies acquited 
theymself soo valiuuntly as well in justes as tourney that they 
atteigned and had mervaylous great prayse, both of strayngicrs and 
others. 

The sayde sondaye nyght also in rejoysynge this fcest and 



28 THE SPOUSELLES OF 

his tarn celeberrimis ct memorandis triumphis ad omnia festivitatis 
et leticie signa se convertit : nocturnos ignes pvrasque ct lignorum 
altas congeries succensas cxigens : Organis, tympanis, lyris, citha- 
risque ct crotalis ac musicis quibusquc instruments undique per- 
sonantibus ; innnptis virginibus ac nuptis, pueris juvenibus et gran- 
devis largos ignes cirenmeuntibus, choreasque sonoro ac jubilo cantu 
admixtas dueentibus, dulci mcro ct saccaro conditis aromaticis non- 
nunquam sc rcficieritibus, donee nox intempesta ad quietem somnum- 
que cunetos invitaret. 

Cum autem tertius dies torniamentorum adventasset et lancearum 
incursui primum data esset opera non sine pari aut non multum 
absimili omnium certantium laude et gloria, tandem lanceati ipsi 
lanceis desposifis, fortibusque in earum locum gladiis assumptis, 
fortiter ac strenue insimul dimicantes, tantum dc sese experimentum 
fecerunt ut non minorem in eo genere pugne quam in priore 
hastarum ccrtamine lauclem apud omnes astantes sint consecnti, et 
tarn curialium quam advennrum ct exterorum omnium judicio 
magnopere fuerint commendati. Nullus etenim gladius, quantum- 
vis forti et sincero metallo fabricatus, in ca gladiatoria pugna extitit,. 
qui vcl non in partes confringeretur vcl prorsus recurvus aut con- 



triumphe fyres were made in diverse and many places through the 
cytie of London with other demonstracions and signes of joye and 
gladnesse. 

Thus with dyverse and many other goodly sportes passed the 
tyme by the day, and at night sumptuous bankettes were made. 
AVhcre at some tyme the kynges grace havynge the sayd Ambassa- 
dours with hym aceompanyed with a goodly nombre ofladves were 
present. And at oon of y c whiche Lankettes the sayde Ambassa- 
dours delyvcred thre goodly and right richc tokens and Juelles to 
iny sayd ladye Marye, oon frome Themp^roure conteignvn»-e an 
orient rubye and a large and a fayre diamondc garnvsshed with 



THE LADTE MAR YE. 29 

tusus vel inutilis mancret : Sicquc his etaliis ludis jocisque ct honcs- 
tissimis voluptalibus, utpote ferocium equorum taurorumve indomi- 
torum atque ursorum cum ingenti mordacissimorum canum nuinero 
certantium, dies illi jucundidatis et leticie peracti sunt. Prius 
namque et aucupiis et venatibus cervorum damarumque La utroque 
vivario regio quod ipsi regie domui adjacet non parvam animi 
voluptatem oratores ipsi susccperant : Quorum quidem vivariorum, 
quos pareos vulgus appellat, alterum innumeris mire magnitudinis 
cerviSj aliud vero damis, quarum nonnulle toto prorsus corpore 
candent spectaculum de se prcbcntes est repletum. 

Postquam autem nox tertie diei supervenisset sumptuose admo- 
dum private cene parate sunt, ad quas Rex nobilissimus atque 
omnium regum sapientissimus et human issiraua Oratores ipsos mag- 
numque cum his delectarum matronarum numerum secum adduxit; 
cepitque primus conscedere," deinde alios omnis ad conscssum 
in vita re. 

Quibus concessis b Oratores in quadam e pluribus mensa tria pul- 
cherrima ae preciosissima dona illico prefato lllustrissime principi 
domino Marie dono dedere; quorum ummi ab sacratissimo Romano- 
rum imperatore Maximiliano missum erat, rubeus scilicet lapis 
Zndicus qui a nostris rubimis dicitur. Magnus siquidem et pre- 
ciosus simul et adamas magnis unionibus munitus. 

Aliud vero ab illustrissimo principe Karolo destinatum littera 
K. aurca fuit, nomen Karoli represcntans, preciosis adamantibus ct 
margaritis munitum : Quo quidem monili hec verba inscripta lucre, 
videlicet, Maria optimum partem elegit, que non auferetur ab ca. 



great perles, y e other from the vonge Prynce, which was a K. for 
Karolus, garnysshed with diamondes and perles, wlierin those wordes 
were written : Maria optimum patrem* elegit, que non auferetur ab ca, 

* Sic, for cantidere. b £/&J!or cvrisessis. c Sic. 



30 THE 8POUSELLES OF 

Tertium autem ab illustrissima principe domina Margareta 
Ducissa Sabaudie relicta fuerat profectum, Balagius scilicet, quem 
balasion vulgus nominat, preciosis margaritis circumdatus. 

His igitur ccnis, turn Iautis tamque oprparis ut nihil omnino 
egregium quod vel terra vcl freto aut ilumine creseat illis ab- 
fuerit, non defuerunt ludi Mauroi quas morescas dicunt, ct sal- 
tantium juvenum generosa virensque propago, simul et comedianim 
tragediarumque hystrionica et ludicra queque spectacula previsa sane 
prius ac sumptuose preparata. Ea nocte dominus de Bergis" Cesaree 
majestatis et illustrisshni principis Karoli predict!, jam serenissimi 
Regis Anglie filii dilectissimi, instantissime petiit a Regia Majcstate 
et illam requisivit quatenus placeret ei dictum principcm Carolum 
snum filiuni nobilis Ordinis Garterii Equitem eligere ac creare. 
Quod Iiex optimo animo atque ex corde concessit, providitque 
illico ut ipse priueejps suus fiiius non solum in unum sociorum 
equitum dicti Ordinis essct elcetus, sed etiam ut ipsa Gartera cum 



and y e thirde from the duchesse of Savoye, wherein was a o- odly 
balas garnysslied with perles. Att whiche banket there was no 
cuppe, salte no layer but it was of fyne golde, ne yet noo plate of 
vessayll but it was giltc. 

There lacked no disguysynges, inoriskcs nor entreludos made and 
appareiiled in the beste and richest maner. 

That nyght the lord Barges, on the behalfe and by the commaunde- 
ment of Thcmperoure and the kynges good sone y° yono-c Prvnce 
made instant request and desyre that it woid please his grace to 
elect and make the sayd Prvnce knyght of his noble ordre of the 
Gartier. Whereunto the Kynges grace with right herty wyll 
graunted. And not oonly hath caused hym to be electid as oon of 
the companyons and knyghtes of that ordre, but also entendeth 
• Apparently the word mandatu has been omitted here. 



THE LADTE MARYE. 31 

omnibus ornamentis ad illam spectantibus brevi ad ilium mit- 
tcretur. 

Postremo, cum omnia negocia commissionem dictorum oratorum 
conccrnentia essent cxecutioni mandate, quoniam dies Xatalis 
Domini appropinquaret, Oratores ipsi, ad propria rcdire cupientes, 
a sercnissimo Rege veniam abeundi supplices expostularunt. 

Bex autctn, quanquam mngnopere cuperet eorum prescntia 
diutiug frui, et illos in dies magis ac magis sua munilieentia et 
liberalitate confovere, ad illorum tamen prccipuam instanliam et 
gingularetn rcquisitioncm ipsos dimisit magnis ac prcciosis mune- 
ribus argentce supellectilis, necnon et levibus equis, Oliuis nun- 
cupatis, falconibus canibusque et pluribus aliis non injucunuis don is 
donatos. 

Postea vero quam dicti oratores tan to Pegi vale iecissent et 
honestissima hincinde gratulationis et intiine amicicie signa essent 
ostensa, prefatus lllustrissimus princeps Karolus, post oratorum 



within brief tyme to sende unto the said Prince the Gartier with all 
other ornamentes belongynge to the sayde ordre. 

And whan all matiers concernynge the commyssion of the sayd 
Ambassadours ■were accomplisshed, for asinoche as the feste of 
Cristmas approched, They desyred to take theyr leve of the 
kynges highnes to reatourned" tc their countraye. 

And albe it the kynges grace was greatly desyrous that they 
sliuld have lenger taryed, yet at theyr instaunte poursuyte his grace 
despeched they in, and with mervaylous great and honourable giftes 
of goodly plate rewarded theym, besydes horses, hobies, hawkes, 
hoondes, and many other goodly pleasures. 

And for further coniirmacion and approvyng of y c forcsayd 
mariage, the sayd yonge prince sythens the departyng of his 
Ambassadours hathe sente dyverse letters subscribed with his ownc 



32 THE SPOTJSELLES OF 

suorum legationcm solutam, pro ampliore confirmatione et appro- 
batione dicti Matrimonii sepe ac scpius suas litteras propria sua 
manu subscriptas, tain ad Sercnissiuuim Regem, nominando et 
acceptando ilium in suum bonum patrem, et ad illustrissimum 
principem Henricum, fiiium regium, nominando et aeceptando eum 
in suutn amantissimum fratrem, quam etiam ad ipsam Illustrlssimam 
dominam Mariam suam sponsam dedit, exprinaahs* ac norninans illam 
suam uxorem et consociam, cam aliis gratioribus atque amicabilio- 
ribus verbis quam vel seribi vel excogitari valeat. 

Gaude ergo giudio magno. Gaude, inquam, et letare, feli- 
cissima hoc tempore Anglia, atque tuo nobilissimo victoriosissi- 
moque et sapientissimo supremo Regi Henrico septimo da laudein, 
honorcm et gratias sempiternas, quandoquidem pro sua innata pru- 
dentia, studio, ingenio, et providentia non solum in pace (iima ac 
quiete, tranquil lit ate et justicia es posita, eum summa rcrum omnium 



hande,aswell to the kyngeshighnes,namyngeand acceptyng his grace 
for his good fader, and to my lorde the Prince, takyng and callyng hym 
his lovyng Brother, as also to my sayd lady Marye, expressely 
callyng hir his wyfe and compayn, with other as kyndc and lovyng 
wordea as can be devysed to be written. 

Kejoyse, Englande, and to thy mooste noble victorious and fortu- 
nate sovcrayne lorde and Kinge yeve honoure, prayse and thankes, 
by whoes hyghe wvsedome, studie and provydence thou arte not 
oonly set and establysshed injustice, peace, rest and tranquilite with 
habundauuce of all commodities necessarye, but also thy honoure is 
in suchc wyse nowc enhaunced and exalted that all Christen regions 
poursue unto the for aliaunce, confederacion and amytic. Thy 
ilorisshyng redde roses be so planted and spredde in the highest 
imperial! gardcyns and houses of power and honoure that by suche 
spectous 11 buddes and braunches as by Goddes grace shall proceed of 
them, all Christen regions shall heraftcr be unite and alied unto 

• Sie. 



TIIE LADYE MARYE. 33 

tibi necessariarum copia, fertilitate ct affluentia, sed etiam tuum 
omne decus splendor et gloria in tantum attollitur et sublimatur 
at Christiana omnia religio cupiat et optet finno tibi amicicie et 
confederationis nexu ac vinculo adjungi. 

Tue, siquidem, tue iste redolcntes rubee rose liac tempestate adco 
crevcre. patuleque et prominentes facte sunt, suusquc radices ad 
altissimos usque imperialcs hortos ac domos potentie et honoris ex- 
tenderunt ac propagamnt, ut ex eorum gemmulis ct palmitious 
generalis totius rei publice Christiane Pax unio et confederatio Deo 
favente sit proventura. Ad quern quidem honoris cumulum et 
dignitatis apicem ante hac nusquam potuisti attingcre : Ilic est 
nempe tuus nobilissiinus suprenms doininus et Rex qui to ad tain 
subliincm glorfe statum evexit, quern non modo colore venerarique 
et observare jure meritoque debes, atque illi fidelitcr libenterque 
servire, veruni etiam pro i'elici diuturnoque illius statu incolumitate 
et continue* sueccssu ac quotidiano incremento tuis devotis et 
continuis precibus teneris Altissiinutn deprecari. 



the, whichc honqure tyll now thou coudes never attaigne. This is 
thy noble sovcrayne lorde and Kyng that to so hyghe honoure 
hathe the avaunced. ^'hoiu thou hast cause not only to love and 
truely serve, hut for whoes noble estate with longe and happye eon- 
tynuaunce in prosperous helth thou arte specially hounde with 
devoute orisons contynuelly to praye. 

Imprynted at London in Fletestrete at the Sygne of the George 
by Eicharde Pynson prynter unto the Kynges noble grace. 

[Colophon, as in the Latin edition. See p. 35.] 



34 THE BPOUSELLES OF 



Petri CarmeHanipe illmtrissimorum principum Caste! le 

Karoli et Marie spousal/bus Carmen. 

Festa dies ftrtget, cunetis mortalibus Evi : 

Et solito Titan clarior orbe micat. 
Vir bonus et pradens et qtiisquis pacis araator 

Gaudeat, et supero dot pia thura deo. 
Ang]ica Burgundc domui domus inclyta elare 

Sanguinis cterno fodcro juncta manet. 
Ecee datur Karolo Maria speciosa puella, 
Virtute insignia, moribus atque nitens. 
Septimus Henrieus, Hex inclytus, est pater illi, 
Qui gemma est regum, precipiramque deeus. 
Regina Hellisabet mater, dum viveret 3 orbis 

Inter reginas floruit absque pari. 
Henrieus frater princeps, eui nemo secundus, 

Oonspicuum toto fundit in orbe jubar. 
Margarets soror Regi conjuneta potenti 

Scotoram, sapiens, pulcbra, venusta, decens. 
Defnnctos taceo fratres simul atque sorores, 

Qui Ieti in eelo regna beata tenent. 
At Karolo genitor fuerat Rex ille Philippus, 

Quern brevis (ah nimium!) substnlit bora sibi. 
Cesaris Augusti spes unica, filius unus, 

Magnanimus, prestans, strenuus atque potens. 
Sed Regina sibi est genitrix prcclara Joanna, 

Ileres regnoruni non dubitata trium. 
Ipse tamen tanto prineeps orbate parente r 

Rursus babes patrem, sorte favente novum, 
Hie est Henrieus, qui te et tua jura fovebit, 
Hostibus imponens fortia frena tuis. 



THE LADYE MARYE. 35 

Hie est qui pacem, sua cum vexilla inovebit, 
Gentibus et regnis imperilarc potest. 

Ast igitur laudes Supero, dominoque potenti, 
Reddamus, nobis qui bona tanta dedit. 

Utque salutiJerum sit* nobis omnibus istud 
Conjugium, demus noete dieque preces. 
U Laus Deo. 

[Colophon, a very ornamental woodcut with Richard Pynson's 

name and design in a central square surrounded by a square border 
with various figures. In the left hand at the bottom is a Virgin 
crowned, with the Child in her arms. On the other side, opposite, is 
a portrait of the princess crowned, standing erect, and behind on a 
lower level her father with crown and sceptre. Onh the upper part 
of his body is seen, down to the right arm, which holds the sceptre 
and seems to be resting on a table.] 



INDEX. 



Admiral of England. See Oxford, 

Earl of 
Almayue. See Germany. 
Arragon, Ferdinand King of, 18 
. Ambassador of. 

See Paebla, ftodrigo de 
Arundel, Thomas Fiizalan, lGth Earl 

of, 11 
Austria, Aiehdukc of. See Charles 

Berghes, John lord of , chambcrlaia to 
the Emperor Maximilian, .'J, 1!», 20, 
21, 22, 23, 24, 30 
Berghes, John dc, Seigneur do Wal- 

hniu, son of the preceding, 5 
Bevreaj Adolphc dc Bonrgogne, seig- 
neur de, 5 
Borgoyne (Burgundy), 13 
Brandon, Sir Thomas, K.G., 6 
Bresse, governor of. See GorrevOd 
Burgo, Andrea de, knight, of the Em- 
peror's council, 4 
Burgundy (Borgoyne), duchess of, 13 
Burgundy, house of, 31 

Calais, 5, 6, 10, 12 

, deputy of. See Talbot, Sir G. 

Canterbury, 6 

-. archbishop of. See War- 



ham, "W. 



church. 6 



-, cathedral priory of Christ- 
prior of, See 



Goldstone, Thomas 

, St. Augustine's, abbot of, 

mayor and aldermen of, G 



Caruielianus, Petrns, Henry VII.'s 

Latin secretary, his poems, 1. 34 
Cassel. provost of. See Thcimscke, 

George de 
Castile, 16, 17 

, Prince of. See Charles 

— , Princess of. See Mary, d. of 

Henry VII. 
Catherine. See Katharine 
Chamberlain of England. See Oxford, 

earl of 
Chancellor, lord. See Warham, W. 
Charles I'rinceof Castile. Archduke of 

Austria, 1. 2, 3, 12, 13, 14, 15, 10. 

20. 21, 22, 2'.), 30, 31,34 ; embassy 

of, 2, 3, et passim 
Chester, earl of. See Henry, Prince of 

Wales 
Cornwall, duke of See llenrv, Prince 

of Wales 

Hartford, Kent, 6 

Docwra. Sir Thomas, prior of the 
Kuiyhts of St. John at Cierkcnwell. G 

Elizabeth of York, Queen of Henrj 

VII., 17. 31 
Ely, bishop of. See West, Dr. X. 
England, 15, 18 
Exmewe, Thomas, shcrilf of London, 7 

Ferdinand, King of Arragon, 18 

Eit/.james, Pic., bishop of London, 23 
Flanders, or Lou- Countries, 1G 

, president of. See Sauvaige, 

Jean le 



INDEX. 



37 



Fox, Richard, bishop of Winchester, 11 
Fploncke. Sec l J ilug 

Garter, order of the, 30, 31 

Germany ^or Almaync), 15 

Giglis, John de. bishop of Worcester, G 

Goidstone. Thomas, prior of Christ- 
church, Canterbury, G 

Gorrevod, Laurence de, governor of 
Ercsse, 3, 21 

Granada (Granate), 1G 

Greenwich, palace at, 7 

, the gallerv at, built 

by Henry VII., S 

Haneton, Philip, Maximilian's secre- 
tary and audlentiarivs, A 

Henry VII., ], 2, 7, 8, 9, 10, 15, 1G. 23, 
25, 32, 31 ; his wealth, 18 

Henry, prince of Wales, duke of Corn- 
wall, and carl of Chester. 9, 10, 32 

i! Ilobies " (obini), light horses, 31 

Isabella (Elizabeth), the Catholic, 
Queen of Castile, 18 

James IV. of Scotland, 10 

Jennings, Sir Stephen, mayor of Lou- 
don, 7 

Joanna, Queen of Castile, mother of 
Prince Charles. 34 

*' Just'" (to tourney), 25 

Katharine of Arragon, princess of 
Wales (widow of Arthur, prince of 
Wales, and affianced to prince 
Ilenrv), daughter of Ferdinand and 
Isabella, 17, 18, 26 

Leon (or Lyons), kingdom of, 1G 
London, 7, 11, 27. 29 

, mayor and aldermen of, 7 

, sheriffs of, 7 

, Fleet Street, sign of the 

George, 33 

, bishop of. See Fi.'/jamcs, Eic. 

Low Countries. See Flanders 

Lyons (Leon in Spain), kingdom of, 1G 

Margaret, daughter of Henry VII., mar- 
ried to James IV. of Scotland, 1G 



Margaret, duchess of Savoy, Regent of 
the Netherlands, 14, 30 " 

Mary, daughter of Henry VII., 1, 2, 3, 
13, 14, 16, 17. IS, 19, 21, 22. 28, 29, 
31, 34 ; her deportment, beauty, and 
grace, 18, 19 ; called princess of 
Castile (after her proxy marriage), 
2G 

Maximilian, the Emperor, 2, 10, -12. 
15, 20, 29, 30 ; embassy of, 2, 3, ct 
passim ; his letters, 9 

" Moriskcs" (morris dances), 30 

Obini. See " Ilobies." 

Oxford, John de Vere, thirteenth earl 

of. Great Chamberlain and Admiral 

of England, 7 



Pflug, Sigismund, LL.D. [his name. 
misprinted by Rynson " Splonke " 
and " Fploncke "] 4 

Philip I. of Castile, father of Prince 
Charles, 34 

Ponynges (or Povnings), Sir Edward, 
G 

Pucbla, Rodrigo de, LL.D., Ambassa- 
dor of Ferdinand, King of Arragon, 8 

Pynson, Richard, printer to the king, 
33, 35 

Richmond, castle or palace of. 1G. 17 
— — — — , gallerv at, built by Henry 

VII., 2G <** 
Royal Body, knights of the, 8 
, captain of the, S 

St John's, prior of. See Docwra, Sir 
Thomas 

Sauvaige, Jean le, president of Flan- 
ders,'^, 10, 20, 21 

Savoy, duchess of. See Margaret 

Sheen (Richmond), palace at, 1G note 

Shrewsbury, George Talbot, seventh 
earl of, steward of the king's house- 
hold. G, 7 

Sittingbourne, in Kent, G 

Smith, Richard, sheriff of London, 7 

Staple, merchants of the, 7 

Steward (scnescaUux) of the king's 
household. Sec Shrewsbury, earl of 



38 



INDEX, 



Talbot. See Shrewsbury 

Talbot, Sir Gilbert, deputy of Calais, o 

Thames, the river, S 

Theimseke, George dc, provost of 

Cassel, 1 
Toisou d'Or, king-at arms, 4 
Tournaments, 2.~>-29 

Wales, prince of. See Henry 

, princess of. See Katharine 



Walbain, John de Berghes, seigneur 
ile, 5 

Warbam, "William, archbishop of Can- 
terbury, lord chancellor, 7, 10. 11, 20 

West, Dr. Nicholas (afterwards bishop 
of Ely), i> 

Winchester, bishop of. See Fox, 
Richard 

Worcester, bishop of. See Giglis. John 
dc 



PBISTED BT NICHOLS AND SONS. 25, I'AltLlAMENT STREET, WESTMINSTER, S.W. 



COLLECTION OF ORIGINAL LETTERS 



FROM 



THE BISHOPS TO THE PEIYI COUNCIL, 

' ' 1504, 

WITH RETURNS OF THE JUSTICES OF THE PEACE AND OTHERS 

WITHIN THEIR RESPECTIVE DIOCESES, CLASSIFIED ACCORDING 

TO THEIR RELIGIOUS CONVICTIONS. 



EDITED 1?Y 



MARY BATESON. 



PRINTED FOR THE CAMDEN SOCIETY 

MDCCCXCIII. 



PREFACE. 



IN the calendar of the MSS. of the Marquis of Salisbury, Pari I., 
p. 306 (No. 1024), will be found a brief summary of the contents 
of a MS. preserved at Hatfield House (pressmark, c. c. 5), which 
contains the replies sent by the archbishops and bishops to questions 
put to them by the Privy Council in a letter of October 17, 1584. 
This letter is not now known to be extant, but from the answers 
of the bishops it appears that they were asked to classify those who 
were already justices of the peace according as they were favour- 
able, indifferent, or hostile to the proceedings of the Government 
in matters of religion, and also to name the persons who in their 
opinion were fit to be put into office and those who should be 
removed from office. To this end they were asked to consult those 
of the leading men of their dioceses who were favourable to the 
Government, and with their help to make suggestions for the 
remedying of disorders, for the fuller repression of popery, main- 
tenance of justice, promotion of God's gospel, and punishment of 
those who afflicted the honest and godiy and maintained the 
perverse and ungodly. As the same method is not adopted by each 
bishop it is difficult to tabulate the results with accuracy ; roughly 
estimated, the total of justices marked favourable is 431 ; marked 
indifferent, neuter, or not favourable, 2G4 ; hinderers or adversaries, 
157. The dioceses reported to be most hostile to the Government 
were those of the north and west ; Carlisle, Durham, York, 
Worcester, Hereford, and Exeter were strong in opposition. 
Staffordshire was troubled by a knot of " hinderers" led by the 
Yernons, and in Buckinghamshire Sir Robert Dairy, Sir Robert 
Peckham, and Sir "William Dormer were the leaders of a. large 



IV PREFACE. 

band of men " not lit to ho trusted." Where the towns are 
mentioned these are found to be in nearly every case more hostile 
to tire Government than the counties. Xewcastle-on-Tyne alone is 
an exception. 

These lists serve as a measure of the progress which. the doctrines 
of the Reformation had made among the middle classes, for the 
administrators of local government arc here classified as they sup- 
ported or opposed tire doctrines of the Church of Rome : the bishops 
were not as yet concerned to exclude the advanced reformers from 
office, and there is nothing in these lists to show that they included 
among the men "not fit to be trusted" any persons other than 
those who were reputed to have leanings towards Roman 
Catholicism. These lists should prove valuable to local historians, 
lor they give a complete religious census of the leading men of 
each county. Most of the names may be identified in the large 
county histories, but as a rule genealogical evidence alone is here 
forthcoming; the bishops' remarks give to many a distinct political 
and religious identity. 

It would be interesting to trace the results which attended the 
Council's efforts to secure a body of justices willing to carry out 
its wishes, but this cannot be done with any completeness until the 
lists of justices of the peace, which may be found on the backs of 
the Patent Rolls, have been printed. So far as I have been able 
to compare these lists it docs not appear that the Council effected 
any sudden changes ; hinderers and persons not conformable some- 
times remained in office, and signed the Act of Supremacy in 
15G9. a Several of the bishop- were obliged to recommend the 
retention of the services of men who were u noted adversaries of 
religion," either by reason of their intimate acquaintance with the 
law or because they could not recommend any persons as fit to fill 
their places. The steady increase of the powers of the jtistices of 
the peace in religious matters which went on throughout the reign 
is proof enough that the Council found that it could secure the co- 

■ KHz. D.S.I*. Ix. 22. 



PREFACE. V 

operation of this body. It was the Act of the preceding year 
(5 Eliz. c. i.) which necessitated an inquiry at this particular 
time, for the Council had begun a new system when not justices 
of assize only, but also justices of the peace, were made respon- 
sible within the limbs of their commission for the execution of the 
Act for preserving the power ol the Crown against the usurpation 
of the see of Rome. 

Only favourers of religion and godly proceedings could afford to 
laugh with Falstaffat " Robert Shallow esquire/-' " in the county of 
Gloster justice of peace and coram" ay and cust-alorum. ay and 
rato-lorum too, "a gentleman who writes himself armigero on evety 
bill, warrant, quittance, or obligation arrrdgefo" but men not staid in 
religion trembled when Robert Shallow esquire made a Star Cham- 
ber matter of their doings or let the Council know of them. 

The same careful watch which the Council kept on justices of 
the peace was kept upon the corporations, especially when the 
aldermen were by their municipal privilege also justices of the 
peace. From lists like these the Council got the information 
which enabled it to decide who should be appointed as mayor, 
aldermen, and capital burgesses when charters of incorporation 
were to be granted or "confirmations" of old charters drawn up in 
which only the most important sentences of the originals were 
changed. Since the mayor, aldermen, and capital burgesses 
appointed in the first instance were to fill up all vacancies in their 
ranks by co-option, care had to be taken to avoid the appointment 
of adversaries of religion." 

These returns afford a most characteristic illustration of that 
infinite care for detail and love of minute inquiry which inspired 

* Take for instance the charters granted to Leicester, 15S8, 1599 (J Thompson, 
pp. 2S5 and 307) ; in the second the major, bailiffs, and burgesses are all named ■ 
so too at STewbnry (Jleney/p. 228) in 13JW, the mayor, six aldermen, and twenty 
fooj capital burgesses are singled out by name; at Beverhy (l'oulson, p. 12) the 
charter of 15 KHz. names the governors to he called the Common Council, they are 
to appoint to all vacancies. An interesting collection of cases of this kind mfght be 
made to illustrate the growth of oligarchy in Kurdish towns. 



VI PREFACE. 

the Elizabethan Government. The lists of justices of the peace 
contain the great names of each county, for it was not beneath 
the dignity of a member of Her Majesty's Privy Council to sit at 
quarter sessions, but they also contain the names of many small 
men unskilled in the Laws ; all were watched with equal zeal by the 
Council's jealous eye ; nobody could hope to k"eep his religious 
convictions a secret from the Council ; however outwardly con- 
formable, if inwardly he was frowardly superstitious the Council 
knew it. Matthew Parker alone shrinks from ticketing the 
religion of every man, and writes tartly when he sends the list of 
names commended to him for the dioceses of LlandafTand Oxford a 
that " what these be nnd what others be your honours of the 
Council know much better than we can inform you, and as for 
myself J know them not and sometime informers serve their own 
turn and gratify their friends." The remedies for disorders sug- 
gested by- the bishops are the favourite remedies of the time and 
show no originality ; they recommend those in authority to receive 
the communion frequently in order to set a good example, and to 
hear sermons and discourses before quarter sessions in order to keep 
their religious duties well in mind ; oaths cannot be too frequently 
administered to suspected persons and to those in authority. The 
evil of privileged jurisdictions exempt from their control is one 
which several bishops were anxious to remove. 

My best thanks are due to the Bishop of Peterborough, who 
drew my attention to this manuscript, and to Mr. R. T. Gunton, 
the Marquis of Salisbury's secretary, who kindly made arrange- 
ments for my convenience in copying it. Owing to the exigencies 
of space it has been found necessary to print the names in lines 
instead of in lists, and in some minor particulars to abandon the 
arrangement of the manuscript. Abbreviations arc expanded, and 
square brackets used where the sense is doubtful. 

Mary Bateson. 

* Then vacant. 



LETTERS FROM THE BISHOPS TO THE 
PRIVY COUNCIL, 1564. 



1024. f.-la. Press mark, c. c. 5. 

My dutie humblie remembrid ; your Lordships letters datid the 
xvii tU of this instant I rcceavid the xx th of the same at night, and 
acordiag to my bounden dutie I haue with all diligencie travelled 
to accoinplishe your commaundement, and have herinclosed sent 
unto your honors a true Certifieat aunswearing the Seucrall pointes 
of your lettres acordinglie. I thank god I am well acquainted with 
my floeke and namelie with the affections of such as be bell weathers 
and leaders of the Same. Sure I am I haue dealt fkithfullie herin, 
for in this my report neather haue I fearid partis or respectid person 
but Simplie folowed a plaine truthe, vsing the aduise of Such as be 
zelous in religion, skillfull in the state of their Countreie and good 
members of the commenwealthe. Ffor Worcester Shire 1 vsed the 
Counsell of Sir Thomas Russell, knight, for t^e Citie of Worcester 
I vsed the Counsell of Christopher Dighton, a grave and a wise 
Citizin. Ffbr the Towne of Warwick and that percell of my 
dioceses there I vsed the Counsell of William Huddisdon, gent, 
and Nicholas Jackson, person of I Ldfoid. I wold haue consulted 
with mo in this matter, but Such as I thought most meete for the 
purpose were out of the Countreie and men are loth to meddle in 
matters that may tuine to their displeasure. The repressing of 

caiid. soc. B 



LETTERS feom the eishops 



poperic, the punishement of Offendors/ the reforming of religion, 
the raaintenaunce of Justice and the promoting of goddes gospel], 
I referre to your honorable consideration?, authorise and wisedomes. 
God graunt good Successe to your godlie intendementes. The 
right waie to Stablishe a kingedonie is first to rectiiie religion ; 
where god is trulie Sought, there is greate Safetie ; and if he 
keepe not the Cine, the watchmen labor but in vaine. Goddes 
kingedome is first to be Sought, his house is first to be built, 
his church is first to be pourgid. Josophat, Ezechias, Josias, the 
good princes, wrought this waie. Christ entering into Jerusalem 
first pomged the temple. The Church, Saieth Chrisostome, is as 
the Stomack of a man; yf the stoma ke be pourged and made 
eleene, the bodie wil be Safe from Sicknes. Sainct Paule 
wold haue old leaven cast out. The Shipp was not Safe vntill 
Jonas was hurled into the Sea. But wine trouble I your wise- 
domes with wordes. Seing that ye can not forgett to remember 
these matters, zeale carieth me further than becomith me. I 
praie your honors pardon me. Meanes to redresse Such thinges 
as be amisse your wisedomes can best Consider, yet forsomuche as it 
plenseth your Lordshippes to require my poore aduise, I will 
Simplie Saie that which vpon the Sodaine I thinck. 

If all Such as mislike and contemne true religion, now by 
common order Set forth, were put out of auctoritie and publique 
office. 

Yftheothc for the queues maiesties Supremacie were tenderid 
to all Such as beare rule or be of auctoritie in their Countreie and 
yet knowen to be adversaries to true religion. 

If Such as be put in Commission foi he peace or arc callid to 
other offices in the common wealth Should take their othes openlie 
at the Sessions or some other publique place for the Queues 
Supremacie. 

Yf the Justices of Assise at eyerie of their Sessions should first 
heare a s(ermon). 

Yf Justices of Assise and also of the peace in their Sessions wold 



TO THE PETTY COUNCIL, 1564. 3 

diligentlie enquire of matters of religion and effectuouslie punishe 
transgressera of the Same. 

Yf gcntillmcn and Such as be in auctoritie were Inyoined everie 
quarter once to receave the Communion and to hcare a Sermon 
to the good example of others. 

f. lb. 

Yf popishe and perucrse pricstea which, misliking, religion hauc 
forsaken the ministerie and yet line in corners, are kept in gentill- 
mens houses and had in grcate estimacion with the people, where 
they marvailouslie pervert the Simple and blaspheme the truthe, 
were restrainid of their libertic & put to the othe lor the quenes 
Maiesties Supremacie. 

Yf commaundement were giuen to Cities and tonnes Corporate 
that they should specialise regard to those Such officers as were wise, 
godlic and favorers of the truthe. 

Yf Justice and iudgement were severelie without respect of 
person executed, and vice and Sinne in all Sortes of people sharplie 
punished. 

Yf the ministers of goddes word were all compelled to consent in 
one truth and preachc one doctrine, faithfullie and prudentlie with 
all diligeneifi to do their oilice and to Hue in good order. 

Then I wold not doubt but god should haue his glorie, this 
realme should florishe, the prince Hue in greate comfort, and the 
people in good order and much quietnes. Tims praing the all 
mightie god to graunt you the Spirite of wisedome, that you may 
governc to his glorie, the honor of the prince and to the good of the 
Commenwealthe, I Commend your honors to ms gratious direction 
and merciefull tuition. 

Ffrom my house at Hartilburie, this xxvii tu daie of October 156-i 
Your honors humble at Comandement, 

E. S. AVlGORN.* 

* Edwiu Sandvs. 



4 LETTERS FROM THE BISHOPS 

f. 2a. 

[The first column contains a list of " Gentillmen of anie worshipp 
or name now abiding in Worcestershire \" these are then classified 
as below. To avoid repetition the names of the residences which it 
supplies have been added to the classified list. The only names 
not classified are those of Richard Hobble of Elmsleie Castell, gent. ; 
Anthonie Wollmore of Kington, gent.; and John Hall of ITallowc, 
gent. The note is added that John Talbot, Esquier, and Gilbert 
Talbot, Junior, are now not resiant within the shire. 

The second column contains a list of the " Justices of peace 
resiant within Worcestershire." To avoid repetition, the informa- 
tion this column supplies is added to col. 4. It then continues:] 

Col. 2. 

Kedde officers and other rulers temporall within the countie of 
Wigorn : 

Sir Edward Saunders, knight, Lord chief baron, iustice of 
assise ; Thomas Cams, esq., Sergiant at Lawe, Justice of Assise ; 
William Sheldon, esq., custos rotulorum. ; Sir Thomas Baskervile, 
knight, High Sherif ; Sir Robert Throckmorton, knight, Hi^he 
Steward of the landes of the dissolvid monasterie of the abbaie of 
Evesham ; Sir Robert Throckmorton, knight, llighe Steward of 
the landes. of the bushopp of Wigorn. 

Sir John Bourne, knight, high Steward of the landes of the 
House of Wigorn ; Sir Thomas Russell, knight, Surveior of the 
landes of the bushop of Wigorn : William Conniers, esq., Surveior 
of the queues majesties landes with in the countie of Wigorn; John 
Wallwen, gent., Surveior of the landes of the house of Wigorn ; 
William Cookeseie, esq., vndersteward of the landes of the dissolvid 
monasteiie of Evesham ; Clement Swalow, gent., vndersteward of 
the landes of the bushop of Wigorn ; Thomas Ceeill, gent., vnder- 
steward of the landes of the house of Wigorn ; Edmund Colles the 
queues maiesties Excheater for Worcestershire; John Hornieold, esq., 
Auditor aswel of certen of the queenes landes as also of the 
busshoppes whole Landes. 



TO THE PRIVY COUNCIL, 1564. 5 

[Col. 3 contains a list of Coroners, whose names will be found 
below; of " Htdde officers within the Citie of Wigorn," whose 
names will be found below except that of John Throckmorton, 
esquire, recorder ; a note that " The bailiffee and aldermen are 
allwaies Justices of the peace with in the Citie by their Corporacion ; 
of Hedde officers for the ecclesiasticall politic, whose names and 
offices are entered below ; " and a note that " Bailiffes of small 
corporate Townes arc here omitted because they are remoYeablc 
everie yeare." 

Col. 4. 

Favorers of true religion : 

Edwinus episcopus ; Sir Thomas Russell, knight, of Strensham, 
Justice of peace rcsiant within Worcestershire ; Sir Thomas 
Pakington, knight, of Hampton ; William Ligon, esq., of 
Madresfield ; John Littelton, esq., of Frankleie ; Thomas Blount, 
esq., of Kitterminster ; Robert Hunckes, esq., of Bloekleie ; Miles 
Sandcs, esq., of Fladburie ; Anthonie Daston, esq., of Bradwaie ; 
William JeiTreis, esq., of Homme Castell ; Richard Smith, esq., of 
Upton on Severn ; Frauncis Welsh, esq., of Shellesleie Welsh ; 
Anthonie Washburn, esq., of Wichenford ; John pakington, esq., 
of Chaddesleie ; Thomas Horton, esq., of Staunton ; Edmund 
Harewel, gent., of Besford ; Gilbert Littleton, gent., of Claines ; 
Roger Littleton, gent., of Grovcleic ; William Bouse, gent., of 
Aberton ; Robert Gower, gent., of Witleie ; Kettilbie, gent., 

of Codderidge ; Thomas Barnabie, gent., of Bockleton ; 
Bartholomewe Hales, gent., of Fladburie ; William Harrison, 
Coroner, of Parshor; Thomas Doding, bailif, of Wigorn ; Richard 
Bullingham, alderman there; John peddar, deane of the Cathedral 
Church; Thomas powell, Chauncelor and Archdeacon. 

Nota. 

Adversaries of true religion : 

Sir Thomas Baskervile, knight, of Birlingham (High Sheriff) ; 
Sir John bourne, knight, of Holt ; a Henry Dingleie, esq., of 

■ Signs at J. P. to Act of Uniformity, 1509. On his enmity to Sandys, see State 
Papers, p. 223. 



6 LETTERS FKOil TEE BISHOTS 

Croptliorne ; John Knottesford, esq., of Greate Malvern* William 
Cookcscie, esq,, of Stulton, Justices of peace resiant within Worces- 
tershire ; Michaell Ligon, esq,, of Powikc ; William Conniers, 
esq., of Belbroughton ; John middemore, gent., of Kingesnovton j 
William Sparrie, gent.,' of Kingesnorton ; William Heath, gent,, 
of Allchurch ; Robert Blount, gent., of Asteleie ; Thomas Lewkener, 
gent., of Allchurch ; Lench, gent., of Dardall ; JefFreie 

Markham, esq., of Feckenham ; Arthur Wood, gent., of Claines; 
Thomas Bourne, gent., of St. Johns ; Connand Richardson, gent., 
of Parshor; William Moore, gent., of Powike ; Morgan, 

gent., of Hanburv; Richard Badland, (Bailiffe in the eitie of 
Wigorn) ; John Concher, 8 alderman (in the Citie of Wigorn); 
Thomas Cecil! ; Thomas p(o)pe of .Malvern, Coroner; Edward 
Darnell, (Town clerk) ; William Warmesbrcie, Register. 

Col. 5. 

Indifferent in religion or else of no religion : 

William Sheldon, Esq., of Beoleie (Gustos Rotulorum), John 
ffolliot, esq., of Pivton, Edmund Colles, esq., of Lighe, John Rouse, 
esq., of Rouselench, Justices of peace resiant within Worcestershire ; 
William Gower, senior, esq., of Woddall ; Charles Acton, esq., 
of Elmeleie Lovet ; Walter Bl-unt, esq., of Sillingtou ; John 
Hornieold, esq., of Biakmore park ; Erauncis Braze, esq., of Dardoll ; 
John Abington. esq., of lLllowc ; William Xani'and, gent., of 
Berrowe ; Nicholas Clifton, gent., of Clifton ; William Gower, 
Junior, gent., of Boulton; William Gower, gent., of Witleie; Richard 
Barnabie, gent., of Acton; Henry field, gent., of Kinges Norton, 
Coroner ; William Child, Clerik of the peace ; Thomas Cottcrell, 
of Erlescrome, Coroner. 

Men fit to be Justices of the peace in the countie of Wigorn : 
Episcopus ; Sir Thomas Russell, knight ; Sir Thomas paking- 
ton, knight ; William Ligon, csquier ; John Littelton, esq. ; 

■ Signs Act of Uniformity, 15C9 



TO THE PRIVY COUNCIL, 1664. 7 

William Sheldon, esq. ; Thomas Blounr, esq. ; Robert Hunckes, esq.; 
Miles Singles, esq ; John flblliot, esq. ; Edmund Colics, esq. ; 
Anthonie Daston. esq. ; Richard Smith, esq ; John Rouse, esq.; 
"William Jeffreis, esq., mort. a ; Prauncis Welsh, esq.; John 
Abington, esq. : Edmund Harewell, gent. ; John Peddar, deane ; 
Thomas Powel, chauncclor. 

Men fit to be Shiriffes : 

Sir Thomas Russell, knight ; Sir Thomas Pakington, knight ; 
William Ligon, Esq. ; John Littleton, esq. ; William Sheldon, esq. ; 
Eobert Hunches, esq. ; Thomas Blount, esq. ; John ilolliot, e:q. ; 
Anthonie Daston, esq. ; Frauncis Welsh, esq. 

[Col. contains a list of " Justices of peace in that part of War- 
wickshire which is within the dioceses of Wigorn," whose names are 
classified below ; of " Iiedde ofiicers and other rulers within that 
part of Warwickshire" — Sir James Diar, knight, Justice of 
Assise ; Sergiant Benlose, Justice of Assise, & the High Sheriff & 
the Queen's Receiver (see below) ; & of" Hcdd. ofiicers in the ton 
of Warwick," whose names, except that of John Ditch, are classified 
below as Governors.] 

Col. 7. 

Ffavorers of true religion : 

John ffisher, esq., high shirif; Thomas Lucie, esq., of Charle- 
cote, Clement Throkmorton, e.-q., of Haseleie, Justices of peace in 
that part of Warwickshire ; Robert gibbes, esquier, of Honington; 
Giles Palmer, gent., of Barton on the heath ; William Huddcsdon, 
gent., of Warwick, Governor; James Langwurth, gent., of Tisoo ; 
Charles Ramesford, gent., of Wotton Worwcn. 

Adversaries of true religion : 

Sir Robert Throkmorton, knigh(t), of Coughton, Justice of peace 
in that part of Warwikshire ; Sir William Wigston, knight, 
* Note in Burleigh's hand, " William Jeffreis " is scratched out. 



8 LETTERS FROM THE BISHOPS 

recorder ; John Somerfield, esq., of Eddenston ; Frauncis Smith, 
esq., of Wotton Worwcn ; Edward ferrys, esq., of Cock Levington; 
Thomas fisher, esq., of Warwik, tlic queues rcceaver ; 
Thomas Ynderhiil, esq., of Etington ; John Vnderhill, esq., of 
Grimstoke ; Thomas Knottcsford, gent., of Studleie ; Hedgock, 

gent., of Salford ; John Comes, gent., of Stratford ; G rami I, 

gent., of Snitterfield ; William Skinner, gent., of Rowington ; 
Clement Swalow, gent. ; Richard Roo. bnilif. 

Richard ffisher, John ilisher, Thomas Barrett, William 
Edmundes, Richard Towncsend, Roger Edgeworth, a town clerk, 
Govc(rnors). 

Indifferent in religi(on) (or) of no religion : 

Sir John Conwaie, knight of Arrowc ; fouke grivell, esq., of 
Beauchamp Court ; Thomas Throkmorton, esq., Justice of Peace in 
that part of Warwickshire ; Anthonie Trussell, esq., of Billesleie ; 
Anthonie Ingram, esq , of Litle Wolford ; Thomas llowleie, gent., 
of Utlecote ; Richard Middlemore, gent., of Studleie ; Richard 
Hall, gent., of Utlecote. 

John Butler, Thomas Oken, John Xason, William Hill, governers. 

Robert Gibbes is a fit man to be a J(ustice) of peace. 

Endorsed : To the queues Maiestie most honorable. Privie 
Counsell. 

f. 5. 

My dutie humbly considered. Ynderstandinge by your honorable 
lettres the Queues maiesties most earnest intention for thadvaunce- 
ment of true religion to reprcsse obstinate adversaries, as I greatly 
reioyce, so haue I employed my endevour (as shortnes of tyme 
would suffer) to satisfie your lordshippes commandement requiring 
spcad. Ffirst, thankes be to ahnightie god, through the Quenes 
most gracious government, assisted by your lordships providente 
circumspections this Countye of Sussex whereof, as an humble 

■ Written Sogwortb in col. 6. 



TO THE PRIVY COUNCIL, 1564. 9 

scrvitour, I execute the ecclesiasticall Jurisdiction, is fre from all 
violent attemptes eyther to afllite the godlye or to distourbe the 
stablisshed (rood orders of this Realme. Notwithstanding I doubte 
of secrett practises which perhappes myght breake oute into open 
violence, were yt not for feare of your Lonlshippes vigilante 
Aucthorite. It is to be wished that men of honour, whyles they 
be resiante in the sheire, to haue learned preachers of their own or 
others, shewinge themselves wyllinge to hcare the worde of god, 
whose example draweih a nombre of people after them. Con- 
cc-rnino-c the matter I haue vsed conference with Mr. Dean of 
Sarum and Mr. Augustine Bradbridge, my Chancelour, bothe of 
them borne in the shire and thoroughly acquainted with the state 
of the same. I refrayned to communicate so franckly with others 
because I doubted of there secretnes, that retinue and alliance 
bein^e so great in theis partes. Also the chefest to be trusted 
nighe vnto me at this pointe were from home. Thus commendinge 
your honours to the tuition of our saviour christe, 
Ffrom Allingborne the xxvii tie of this Octobre, 

Humblie at Commandment, 

W. CllESTKEN.* 

f. 7. 

The countye of Sussex very narrowe in breadeth is about lx myles 
in Length and is devided into two partes East and West. 

Col. 1. 

In the west parte: 

Justices of peace which be favourers of religion and godlye 
orders : 

Sir Thomas Palmer of gadwode, knight. A fainte furtherer; b 
Mr. Henry Goringe of Westburton; Mr. Jhon Apleye of Thacham, 
learned in the lawe; b Mr. Henrye mervin of Eogate j Mr. William 
Bartlett of Stopham. 

* William Barlow, Bishop of Chichester. b Xotes iu another ink. 

CA\ID. SOC. C 



10 LETTERS FROM TTIE BISHOPS 

Justices of peace which be myslykers of religion and godlye 
procedures ; 

Mr. William Shelley of michelgrovc ; Mr. William Dautrcy of 
moore^ Ycrye supersticious ; a Mr. Edmonde Forde of Chartinge, 
Extremely perverse;" 

Gentlemen being no Justice? favourers of godlie procedinges: 
Mr. Jhon ffennour of Amberley; Mr. William Stanney of the 
manwoode; Mr. Richard Crulie of Cackhara. 

Gentlemen beinge no Justices myslykers of godlie orders: 
Mr. Richard Lewknour of Ttrotton ; Mr. Thomas Stoughton of 
Stanstedj a stoute scorner of godlines; ; '- Air. Thomas Lewknour of 
Tangmer; Mr. William Devenishe of Chichester; Mr. William 
Stapleton of Ovinge, wickedly obstinate; 8 Mr. Arthure Gunter of 
Rack ton. 

Col. 2. 

In the East parte : 

Justices of peace which be favourers of Religion and godlie order: 

Mr, George Goringe of Ovingdean, learned in the lawe'; 

Mr. Jeferye of Chittinglye, 1 ' learned in the lawe ; a Mr. Jhon Hussey 

of Gukfilde; Mr. Richard Eklerton of Wiston; Mr. John 

Limmesford of Easthothly. 

Justices of peace which be myslykers of religion and godly 
procedinges : 

Sir Edward Gage of ffeile; Mr. Jhon Thatcher of "Westham; 
Mr. Richard Coverte of Slowham;'' Mr. William Culpeper of 
Ardinglie; Mr. Henry Poole of Dcchelinge; Mr. Edward Bellingham 
ofNewtymber; Mr. Thomas Parker of Wellington j Mr. Thomas 
Dorrell of Stackney ; Mr. Robertes. 

Gentlemen being no Justices favourers of godly procedinges: 

Mr. Anthony Pelham of ; Mr. Jhon Pelham of 

* Notes in another ink. 

b Signed ilie Act of Uniformity, 1569. D.S.P. Ix. 22. 



to TriE privy council, 15G4. 11 

Lawghton;" Itr. Jhon Selwyn of iTiiston ; "Sir. Laurence 

Ashbumeham of Gcstlinge ; Mr. William Morleye of Glyne ; 

Mr. Anthony Stapley of ffranfeld ; Mr. fTrunecs Spilmaa of Hartfeld. 
Gentlemen beinge no Justices mysHkers of godlie orders: 
Mr. James Gage of Broyle, A common herborer of obstinates ; b 

Mr. Shelley of Patchinge; Mr. Drewe Barrcntynof llorstid kayncs; 

Mr. Scott of Edon. . . 

On the back (f. Ga), Col. 1. 

The tonnes in the west parte : 

Laurence Andreu, maior, Rafe Cliantelor, Steward, notorious 
obstinate aduersaries. 1 ' 

Thomas Addams, Thomas Palmer, Jhon Moyses, Jhon Cooke, 
Thomas fiaringdon, frowardly supcrsticious. b 

Of whom the last three he Justices of the peace within there 
Liberties by a late Commission which were better for gover(n)mente 
of the poors Citie to be revoked and the Cittizens to be as they 
were before vnder som order of the Justices at Large. 

Col. 2, parallel column. 

The tonnes of the east parte: 

Rye, Hasttnge, Lewes, and Brighthelmeston ar governed with 
suche officers as be fay th full favourers of goddes worde and earnestly 
given to mainteyn godly orders. 

Endorsed f. 8 b.: To the right honorable Lordes of the 
Queues majesties privie counsell. 

f. 9a. 

My dewtei most .humbly vnto your honors remembred. These 
ar to aducrtise the same that I reccaved your most honorable 
letters the 20 of October dated at S. James the 17 of the same 
monthe : which according to my bounden dewtey I haue with all 
diligence considered and altho I am persuaded that to certefie your 
honors according to your commaundment maie procure me moare 
hatered (which neadcth not) and what as hatered can do, yet my 

■ A J. P. Oct, 13G9. b Notes in another ink. 



12 LETTERS FROM THE BISHOPS 

dewte of obedience to your honors, the advauncement of goddes 
honor and the comfort of good and faithfull subiectes (winch your 
honors will me herein to respecte) bathe for the present driven 
awaie fearfulnes of offending any person. So that I haue frely, 
planely and also truly (so far as either myne owne skill and know- 
lege or the skill and knowlcgo of others whome in this matter I 
hauc vsed can reache) certefied your honors to euery point of your 
said letters. 

ffor tliis certeficat (because my chauncelor doeth ordenarely ride 
abought my diocese vi or vii tyraes yeareley and therfor like to 
hauc good knowlege of gent(lemen) in the same) I vsed his counsell 
and advise. In like manner 1 vsed the dcane of the cathedrall 
church of Hereford and singularly euery deane rurall for his owne 
deanery wherin he ys deane, which do best knowe the gent(lcmen) 
in their severall deaneris and thus thorowe their skill and myne 
owne, I haue certefied as foloweth ; most humbly beseching your 
honors to take in good parte owr simple & plain e dealing and by 
your discrete and godly wisedomes so to \ise and order both us and 
this good cause that we be not brought hereby in to further 
hatered, contempt or daungcr tnan must neades folowe. 

Your honors to comma und 

Jo. Hlref. 8 

The names of soche peisons as now boarc rule in the countei of 
Hereford and diocese of the same which be denied not favorably to 
this religion : 

John skudamor b of Home, esq., one of the counsell of the 
Marshes of Wales iustice of peace. Custos rotulorum. Hie stuard 
of vrching fic(l)d and stuard of the cytye of Hereford. 

Richard Seborne of Sutton, esq., on of the said cowncell *k iustice 
of peace ; John skudamor of Kenchurch, c esq., iustice of peace ; 

* John Scory. 

b Signed the Act of Uniformity, 1569. D. S. P. lx. 22. 

■ Refused to sign. 



TO THE PRIVY COUNCIL, 1564. J 3 

Thomas Havard of Hereford, esq., justice of peace; Thomas Clynton 
of Estenor, esq., iustice of peace ; John Huband abbots Hybottcs a 
of Hampton, esq., iustice of peace ; Richard Harford of bosbery, 
esq., no iustice, but the Queues majesties generall surveior (as I 
haue learned) of all Hereford shere, and receivor to her majestei 
of Soche landes as belonged lately to the bishop of Hereford ; John 
Clarke of Hereford, gent., no iustice, but he ys clarke of the peace 
and exerciseth the office vndcr Mr. Hggen of bishopes castell in 
Shropshire which favoreih not this religion. 

John James of Stretton ; John Crouse of brobery, no iustices, 
but thci be the crowners for the county of Hereford. 

f. 9b. 

The names of soche persons as now beare rule in the cowntei of 
Hereford and diocese of the same which be derned newters in 
religion. 

Sir James baskervile, 1 ' knight of , iustice of peace ; 

John Harley b of bramton, esq., iustice of peace and rular of 
Wigmures land ; Symon Apparry b of , esq., iustice of 

peace ; george Apparry b of paston. Hie Shrefe of the countei 
of Hereford the yeare now past and ended ; Richard monington of 
Sarnisfeld, iustice of peace ; gregory price of Hereford, esq., iustice 
of peace. 

The names of soche as now bcarc rule in the countei of Hereford 
and diocese of the same which be iuged favourable to this 
religion. 

John b bushop of Hereford on of the counsell of the marshes & 
iustice of peace. 

Sir James Acroft, knight, of croft, iustice of peace, Sii Robert 
Whitney of Whitney, knight, iustice of peace ; Hughe Apparry b of 
Aconbury, esq., iustice of peace ; Walter Vauhan of brodwardene, 
esq., iustice of peace. 

• Culled below John Hi!>otes of Hampton. b Signed in 1569 



14 LETTERS FROM THE BISHOPS 

James Warmecombe a of Wington, iustice of peace; John Pats ill 
of the forde, esq., iustice of peace ; James boyle of Hereford, esq., 
insiice of peace. These iii be learned in lawes of the realise. 

John Abrall of Eustane, esq., iustice of peace. 

The names of soche as be now no iusticcls in the countci of 
Hereford which, for t lie favourc which thei beare to this religion 
and of good giftes, are mete to be called to be iusticeis. 

John Ellys, 8 deane of the cathedrall churehe of Hereford, a 
divine. 

Edward threlkeld of ledbcry, doctor of the lawes and chauncelar 
of the dyocese of Hereford ; Edmond Horwcll of Cradley, esq. 
This gentleman (because part of his house standeth in Worcester- 
sherc notwithstanding bothe his bedchamber and parishe churehe 
called cradley aforesaid ar in Hereford shere) aeeounteth himselfe 
of & with that shere of Worceter & neverthe(less) because ther be 
moarc in Woreetershire that favore this religion than be in Ilere- 
foidsherc. your honors shuld do very well to command him to 
seme the Queues iniiestie in Hcrefordshere. 

Nicholas Debden of ludford, esq. ; John Howard of ledbery, 
gent, ; John myntrige of cradley, gent. ; John gar nans of Hereford, 
gent., meanely learned in the lawes of (the) realmc ; Thomas Kirll 
of Walford, gent., learned in the lawes of the realme. 

f. 10a. 

The citei of Hereford ys fraunchesed and ys governed by a 
Mayer whomc thecomens do yearcly chose of the common cowncell 
or election. 

The names of the common counscll or election which be denied 
no favorers to this religion. 

Thomas Havard, iustice of peace, which by common fame ys a 
daily dronkard, a receivar «fc mayntainar of thennemcys of religion, 
a mayntener of supersticion and namely of abrogated hclydaies. 

a Signed in 1509. 



TO TJ7E PRIVY COUNCIL, 15G1. 15 

Pie vseth to praie vpon a Iaten primer full of supersticions. His 
wife <fc maydens vse bedes and to be short he is a mortall ennemy 
to Christen religion (thus doeth Mr. Pcane of hcreford write vnto 
me, which I partly knowe and partly beleave to be true.) 

Rowland rice ; Harry Dodson ; Walter caredyne ; Thomas 
churche; a William raulyins; Richard partriche,* Senior ; Richard 
partriche, Junior ; William runell ; James EUon ; John Clarke, 
tounc clarke; John Darnell; Richard bromwich ; John Seward; 
Father Chalice; Mathewe gc fires ; John Clyotes, an atturney at 
the lawe ; John Hyde ; John partriche of bothale ; Humfre 
Wilbram ; William benct. 

The names of soche of the said councell or election that be raged 

CD 

neuters in religion: 

John gibbes ; a John maylar;* mayer for this yeare ; Thomas boyle ; 
Richard vele; Harry grene; John pearle; Thomas russell ; Thomas 
currant; John AYhitlache : Edward Welche; 

So that of the holl counsall or election ther is not on that ys 
counted favourable to this religion. 

f. 10b. 

The names of soche persons as nowe bcare rule in the countei of 
Salope that dwell in or vei i neurc the diocese of Hereford which be- 
demed not favorable to this religion. 

"William gatacre of clarely. esq., iustice of peace; Adam "Watley 
of pitsfoid 3 esq., iusticc of peace ; Richard amytton of Salope, esq., 
iustice of peace: Thomas eyton of e-iton, esq., in-tice of peace; John 
farmer, dwelling in Briggonorth paike, esq., iustice of the peace. 

The names of soche persons as now bcare rule in the countei of 
Salope and dwell in the diocese of Hereford which be counted 
newters in religion : 

Sir gcorge blunt, knight of Ivcnlet, Hie shrefe of Shropshire this 

a Siirncd in 15C0. 



16 LETTERS FROM THE BISHOPS 

last yeare now almost ended; Charles Soye of bromfild, esq., Secre- 
tory to the counsell of the marshes and iustice of peace ; Richard 
Cornewall of burford, esq., iustice of peace. 

The names of soche persons as now beare reule in the countie of 
Salope which be denied favorable to this religion and dwell m 
Hereford diocese: 

Harry lord Stafford of Cawas iustice of peace; Edward leighton 
of Wattesborowe, esq., iustice of pence ; Symon Kemsei of ponsbery, 
esq., iustice of peace; Thomas Willyams of Wollaston, esq., iustice 
of peace. This gent maye also serue in mungommery shere because 
he dwell very neare that s(here). 

The names of soche as be favorers of this religion in the countei 
of Salope and dwell in the diocese of Hereford not yet in office, 
neuertheless thought mete to be called to be ius'ices: 

Richard lawley of Wenlocke, esq. ; Thomas lodlowe of the 
morehouse, esq., baily of "Wenlock ; William leighton of p'ashe, 
esq., learned in the lawes of the realme ; Rowland lacon of "Willey, 
esq. ; Lewes Jones of bushopes castell, esq. ; John Hopton of Mor- 
caild, esq.; Fraunceis Cresset of Staunton lacey, gent. ; Edmond 
Cornewall of burford, gent. ; Edward Hoptou of bitterley, gent.; 
Adam lutley of broniscroft, gent. 

f. 11a. 
Radnor : 
The tounes of old r ad nor, new radnor and prestene be in the 

diocese of Hereford and veri litle moare of that cowntei ys in the 
said diocese, whereas none of the iustices of peace that be now in 
office ar cownted favorers of this religion but the best of them ys 
iu^ed but a newter. 

Ther names be : 

John bradshawe theldar of prestene, esq., iustice of peace; John 
bedo of prestene, iustice of peace; Perse lloyd of prestene, iustice 



TO THE PEIVY COUNCIL, 15G4. 17 

of peace ; Roberd Vauhan of prestenc, iustice of peace, but counted 
a poore man ; Edward pre of Kington, esq., iustice of peace; Thomas 
lewes of old radnor, iustice of peace. 

The names of soche as favoure this religion in the countei of 
radnor, and dwell in the diocese of Hereford, which ax now no 
iusticeis hut yet meete to be called thervnto : 

John blayney of Stcpleton in the parish of prestene, gent.; John 
madockes of barlanton in the parish of old radnor, esq. ; Edward 
threlkcld of ledhcry, doctor of the lawes and chauncelar of flercford 
(because he rideth ordenarely vi. or vii. tymes yearely in to that 
part of radnorshere that ys in Hereford diocese as well as in to 
others, might serve well ther in the place of a iustice of peace 
considering ther ys so lille choise of soche as be favorable to this 
religion. 

Worcetorshcre : 

Certeinc villages also of Woreetershere be in the diocese of Here- 
ford, whearas be iii. gentlemen, The first ys John throgmorten of 
ribbisford, esq., on of the councell of the marshes and iusticeis ther, 
denied not favorable to this religion. The second ys William 
genres of Homme Castcll, esq., now iustice of peace and iuged to 
favoure this religion. The iii llc ys fraunces Welshe of litle shelsey f 
esq., accounted a favorer of this religion, no iustice now but mete 
to be called thervnto. 

monmoth : 

The toune of monmoth ys in the diocese of Hereford and no 
moare of that countey, and ys gouerned by a mayer which ys 
yearely chosen by the commens of the toune and ii balies. 

The names of soche as be not counted favorable to this religion 
in the toune of monmoth : 

!More Appowell, recorder of the towne. 

CAMD. BOO. D 



18 LETTERS FE03I TIIE EISHOrS 

William G[ui]ll[i]m, Thomas Williams of the priory, Roberd 
Williams, his sonne, of the common counsell. 

The names of soche as he denied favorable to this religion in" the 
toune of monmoth : 

"William bunting, mayer this year. 

Huegh baker, Edward Ag[ui]l![i]m, balies this year. 

John knight, Crown ar, John Waters, ckrke of the peace, James 
leifhton, gent., insanely learned in the lawes of this realme. 

f. 12a. 

Hereford : 

The toune of lempster in the countci & diocese of Hereford 
ys fraunchesed and gouerned by a baley yearely elected. 

George Monons a balei this ycare a simple man and a neuter in 
religion denied. 

The favorercs of religion in the said toune as counted to be these 
folowing : 

Fraunces Philips, gent. ; John Hingeley, gent. ; John strete ; 
Thomas Dallow, gent. ; b Richard stede ; John poll, baker. 

I cannot heare of any ennemcis to this religion in the said towne 
that be of any reputacion. 

Sal ope : 

The towne of lodlowe yn the conntei of salope & diocese of 
Hereford ys also a fraunchesed towne, whear the counsell of the 
marshes do commonly lie. 

The names of soche as ar denied to favoure this religion in the 
said towne ar these : 

Laurence Beck, Richard raskall/ bailies this yeare. 

« Monox. G. F. Townsend, p. 203. b Bailiff. Townsend, p. 203. 

c Minor tor Men of Ludlow, p. 107. Ric. Baskoll,1596, was pot into the new corpo- 
ration made by Elizabeth, with William Beck, Richard Blashfiekl, and — Walker. 



TO THE PRIVY COUNCIL, 1564. 19 

•Simon thornton, Scolemaster ; Nicholas Delxlen of lodford, esq., 
he dwellith hard by the said townc ; Richard Walter, gent., 
learned in the lawes of the realm e ; Thomas Blasfeld, gent. 

The rest of this towne are cownted either enncmeys or newters. 

Hereford : 

Ther be also in this diocese and conntey of Hereford diucrse 
fostered and nrcayntayned that be iuged & estemed some of them to 
be learned, which in Queue -Marys daies had livinges and oflieeis in 
the ehurche, which be mortal! and deadly ennemys to this religion. 
Their names be blaxton, mugge, Ardcn, Ely, frier gregory, Howard, 
Rastall of gloeeter, Jonson, menevar, Oswald, Hamerson, ledbery 
and certcyne others whose names I knowe not. These go from on 
gentlemans house to another, whear thci know to be welcome which 
(as S. Paule writcth of some soche like totitus) tolas domus subuer- 
tuntj docente's quae non oportet, turpis lucri gratia* 

The cheafe and principall receivers & maynteners of these ar 
William lnson, canon residensari of Hereford, the vecars of the 
q\tere ther, Thomas Havard of Hereford, iustice of peace. John 
skudamor of Kenchurchc, iustice of peace; John Hibottcs of 
Hampton, iustice of peace; Richard Harford of bosbery, esq. ; 
Thomas Croft of Ocley, esq. ; William berington of Winsley, esq. ; 
Thomas Clynton of Esttior, iustice of peace ; Thomas berington of 
cowarne, gent ; James eiton, William Russell, John Ely ec John 
Hide citezens of Hereford and of the common counsell ther. 

And of these ther be certeine thought to haue masseis in their 
houseis, which come very seldome or not at all to ehurche, which 
neucr received the communion since the Quenes majesties raigne 
openly in the church, which keape as it wer scoles in their houses 
of popery, deriding and mocking this religion & the ministers 



Titus i. 11. 



20 



LETTERS FEOM THE BISHOPS 



therof, which be a marvelous stombling block to the Quenes 
majestes loving subiectes in this countei. Being in them and som 
tyme also hearing of them, sochc contempt of religion without 
correction or controlment as for my part I remember the wise saing 
of iesus the sonne of Syrac, index evadere ue contendas, ne inique 
factis par esse non posfis.* I must neades confesse that I am not 
able to reforme these, except I shuld be mightcly backed by your 
honorable auctorite, and haue those Worshipfull iusticeis which ar 
denied favorers of religion to be more emestly ayding than thei 
haue ben ; to enterprise a matter, and not able to finishe the same 
accordingly, shuld encrease furtlie derisiott, contempt and hatcred 
with out profit. Therfor 1 referre this to your most honorable 
consideracion and godly wisdom. 

I 13a. 

Hereford : 

Further whearas your honors willed me by your said honorable 
letters that I shuld also acluertise the same yf ther war any other 
thing within the said diocese of heieford that might tende to the 
redresse of the disorder you wrote of, (which you meane to remedei) 
Maye yt" please your honors to be advertesed that yf the psthedrall 
churche of Hereford war reformed, the citei also and the countei of 
hereford, yea, the holl dyoccse, wold sone be by goddes grace be (sic) 
in like maner reformed. Besides myne owne knowle^e Mr. John 
Ellvs, deane of the said churche, hathe certcfied me as foloweth : 
thet all the canons resedensaries ("except Jones, qui elicit, et i<on 
feicit which ys rashe, hastei and ondiscrete), ar but discemllers and 
rancke papistes. And these banc the rule of the churche, and of 
all the ministres and officers of the same, and ar neither subieet to 
the ordenary iurisdictyon, neither of the deane, nor of the bushop 
but war reserued inmediately to the vsurped iurisdiction of the 
bishop of romc, and nowe to the Queues mojestei (as thei saie) 
which thei clay me and hold by prescription. So that now thei 

1 Eccl. vii. G. Ed. Tigurina. 



TO THE PRIVY COUNCIL, 1 5G4. 21 

maie do what thei list without controlmcnt. Tliei neither obserue 
the Queues mnjestes iniunctions given vnto them in her highnes 
visitacion, nor the archebusshope of Cantorbcris iniunctions given 
them in his visitacion, nor yet the iniunctyons of the Queries 
maiestes hie commissioners (wherof I send herein vnto your honors 
a copei). The communion wus not ministred in the cathedrall 
churche since ester (as I. am enformed). The canons will neither 
preache, reade homelis nor minister the holy communion, nor do 
any other tiling to commend, beautefie or set foi wardes this religion, 
but mutter agenst yt ; receive and mayntaine the ennemys of reli- 
gion. So that this churche which shuld be the light of all the 
diocese ys very darkenes, and an ensample of contempt of true 
religion, whome the citei and countre abought fblowe apase. 

The said deane hathe also ccrtefied me that the vecars of the Quere, 
the deacons and sextons be all mortall ennemys to this religion, 
receivears and mayntenars of soche as themselves be. 

S. Paulo compareth false doctrine and religion to the kanker 
called ganyrena which (except yt be quickly cured & healed) 
neuer ceaseth creping and infecting on part & member after another, 
tyll )t hath distroied the holl bodey. 

Your honors by your wisdome can consider howe daungcrous and 
perlous vnto -the holl eccles'asticall and politicall body of this 
dyocese this fretting and creping canker ys, when yt doth once 
posscsse the heade churche of all the diocese. The only remedy 
wherof ys, that yt maie please the Queues majestei to committe 
either an ordinary iurisdiction or soche auctorite as shall please her 
highnes, to whome yt shall please her majestei, that maie and will 
vrge them either to do as becommeth good christean subiectes and 
faith full ministers or els to place others in their rom ther that will 
do accordingly. 

f. 13b. 

Die veneris xx die februarii a dni 1561 pa d lambeth coram Iiev m0 
patre Matheo Cantuar archiepiscopoao Ilev Ju patro Edm.mdo London 
episcopo et lloberto ^Veston legum doctorc cemmissioniariis regiis. 



99 



LETTERS FROM THE BISHOPS 



Hereford : 

An order for Mr. William hison prebendary of Hereford and 
others the prebendaries thcr, enyonved vnto them by the said com- 
missioners to be executed and red inmediatly after the reading of 
the homelys every daie in their order and corse. 

Good people, yt ys very requisite that some publike testification 
be made that the ministers of the church consent and agre in on 
vnitc of doctrine and religion, by reason wherof yt ys very "".veil 
ordered in this ehurche agreable to the Queues maiestes iniunctyons 
that the principal! ministers of the same sliuld so do by preehing, 
reading of homelys and other declaration, that no scruple shuld 
remayne in the myndes of the people of any difference or dissentyon 
to be emongst vs, and therfor for my part do willingly testefei my 
assent to the godly publike reformacions established by the lawes of 
this realme and namely in these two artikells folowing: — 

Ffirst I am in conscience persuaded that the ehurche of en gland 
ys a true member of the holy cathoiike ehurche. And that the 
Qucnes maiestei ys by right and iuste title the supreme gouernor • of 
the same ehurche of England next and inmediatly vndcr our saveor 
iesus christ, bothe in matters ecclesiasticall and temporally and that 
neither the bushop of romc nor any other foreine povrre, pote:itate 
or prelate hathe or ought to haue any maner auctorite or iurisdic- 
tyon in or o ver the said ehurche of England. c„ 

I am also persuaded and do confesse that the order of adminis- 
traeion of saeramentes, the common praires and other rytes and 
ceremoneis prescribed by the boke of common praire ar sincere, 
true and good, and consonant to the doctrine of holy scriptures, 
and the auncient vsagc of the holv catholiko ehurche of christ. 

Item, that the said Mr. luson shall minister the communion in 
the cathedrall ehurche of Hereford on some sondaie or holy daie 
after thendc of ester wcake next eomming. 

Item, that he shall rcade the homely of salvacion on that daie or 
some other sondaie in the said cathedrall ehmvhe before the first 
daie of mayc next eomming, so that en of the Canons of the said 



TO THE PKIVT COUNCIL, 15G4. 23 

cluirche, being no prechar, doo reade on before him, and all other 
canons of the said churche being no prcchars to do the like in their 
tuines, on soche daies as ther shall be no sermon. 

Concordat cum regisiro, William bedell. 
f. 14a. 

Yf your honors wold cause these formal iniunetions to be put in 
execution, yf the canons thcmeelues wold not receive any good 
therby, yet I trust that the people shuld. or at lest this good must 
neadcs come hereof, that thei shuld discredite thcmselucs, yf thei 
shuld in secret speake ayenst that "which thei had confessed openly 
in ther churche : because I cold not get any of the canons that 
dwell in Hereford to reade the fiist homely according to the formar 
order, I sent in to shropshere to on Parson Normcrote," a canon of 
that church of Hereford, to come and reade an homely according to 
the said order : who did yt, and that very well : whervpon I 
thought that Mr. luson & the rest wold have folowed but thei did 
not, nor never will except thei be forced by auctorite & cetera. 

Endowed : To the moste honorable the Queues maicstes 
privei cownsell my veraie good lordes. 

f. 15a. 

Blessed be the almighty and everlasting god, in whose handes 

ar the hartes of all kynges and princes, who hath moved the harte 
of our most gratiouse Soverayne, and the hartes of her maiestes 
most honorable cownsell, to consydcr in tyme the state of goddes 
true religion, daungerously declyning in the most partes of the 
churches in this realme. Our heavenly father who hath moved her 
maiestes harte and yours also graunt your Maiesti and you all her 
honorable cownsell, as godly courage as god wisshed and gave to 
Moses, Josue, David and opershis godly gouernours, to thintent this 
realme may be blessed, and goddys holy name glorified, et vos 
rep&rtetis immarcessibilem gloriae coronam, h Now for answere to 

* Kojrer Normecote, collated £3 March, 15G0-1. Le KeTe, i. 505. 
b 1. Peter y. 4. 



24 LETTERS FORM THE BISHOrS 

your honours letter. Towching the Justices in Cambridge shyre, 
I haue conferred with Mr, Chicheley, Mr. Hutton, Mr. Hynde and 
Mr. Pygot. Towelling the Justices of the Isle of Ely, I haue 
conferred with Mr. Hopkins, Mr. Dixon and .Mr. Adam. Towchino- 
the Justices for Cambridge, I haue conferred with Dr. Hawforde, 
Dr. Ithel, Dr. Stokes, Dr. Kclke, & William Mownsey now Maior, 
and in Cambridge it is most requisite to have Justices of good 
religion. And as I can learne, there ar iii sortes of Justices con- 
cerning godly religion, sum good, whom J. haue noted with this 
letter "g." Sum conformable, whom J haue noted with this 
letter "c." Sum mislyked, npon whom I haue sett no signe. 
And because your honours do rcquyre me to signifie whom I thinke 
most mete for service that way, who commonly serue in the 
quorum, I have enterprised to note my fansye with this letter 
u q" apon their heads, who ar thought metest. And further 
because your pleasure is, that if I consyder of any other thing, 
tending to your godly meaning for the redresse of this disorder, I 
shulde signifie the same to your honours, I have noted my poore 
opinion in a by papyr, to be expended of your wisdoms. And 
thus I trust I haue answered your honours expectation after my 
rude maner. Ffor my parte I will after my poore witt and vnder- 
standing trayaile according to your most godly meaning, and call 
apon god with my harty prayers, alwayes to assiste you in this 
most nedeful busyncs. The lorde Jesus prosper all your fodiy 
affayers. Ffrom Ely the vi th of Xouember, 1564. 
Youre honours to coramaunde, 

ElCHARDE ELY. a 

f. 16. 

Commissioners for the peace with in the countye of Cambrydf*e : 
g. c. Edwarde Lord Northe of Kellynge; q.c. Sir Gyles Alvmrton 

of llorshed; Sir Robert Chester of Royston; q.cj. Sir Roger Northe; 

Sir John Coton of Landnad ; q. c. Barnet Ffrevell of Shelforde : 

• Cox. 



•V- 



TO THE PRIVY COUNCIL, 1564. 25 

q. c.Mr. Robert Payton oflsleam; g. Mr, Frauncys Hynde of Mading- 
Icy ; g. Mr. Henrye Pygot of Abyngton ; q. g. Mr. John Hutton of 
Drydrayton; c. Mr. Jhon Myllccent of Berham; a Mr. Thomas 
Homes of Barrogrene ; q. g. Mr. Chycheley not in commission. 

Commissioners for the peace in the Isle of Elye : 
q. g. Mr. Antonye Stapleton cheffe iustyce hear. 

Commissioners rcsiant with in the Isle : 

g. Mr. Gefferey Colvill of Newton ; q. g. Mr. Robert Balam of Wys- 
biche; g. Mr. Edwarde stewarde of Chatteresse; g. Mr. Thomas Wren 
of Hadnam ; q. g. Yvillyam Adam of Tyd ; g. Mr. William Bryan of 
Leneryngton ; q. g. Mr. William Hopkyns of El}-e ; g. Mr. Raffe 
Dyxon of Duddyngton. 

Commissioners of peace not resiant in the Isle: 

<7. Mr. ffrauneys Hynde ; c. Mr. Robert Payton ; g. Mr. Henrye 
Reppys; c. Mr. Rycharde Payton ; g. Mr. William Thorneton ; g. 
William Adam of Ely, mete to be in commission ; q. g. Dr. Ithell 
channcelar, to the Bysshope. 

Commissioners for the peace in Cambridge : 
The vycechauncelar and the mayor for the tyme beyno-e. 
Jhon Poryc b Dr. of Dhiinitye ; c. Henrye Hervey,'' D. of Lawe ; 
Alexander Raye, Alderman ; g. Robert Shutt, recorder; Phylyp 
baker, D. of Dyuynytye ; q. g. Thomas Ventris, Alderman ; c. Henrye 
Searle/ Alderman ; g. Roger Slegge/ Alderman. 



• All these signed the Act of Uniformity, 15G9. 
b Signed the Act of Uniformity. 
e M.P. 1571. See Cooper's Annah. 

d Enquiries on their conduct in State Papers, Addenda, 1504, No. 29, p. 553. 
See too State Papers, September 11 and October 21, loG4. 
CA3ID. SOC. E 



26 LETTERS FROM THE BISHOPS 

Men mete for the commission there : 

q. <j. Dr. Hawforde, Master of Christes college ; q. g. Dr. Bewmant, 
Master of Trynytye college j q. g. W. Mounsey nowe maior ; g. Dr. 
Stokes, Master of Queues College. The multitude of Justices 
thought not ncdefull. 

Endorsed : To the Quenes Maiestes most honorable cownsell. 

f. 18a. 

My dewtie first accordinglie remembered to your honours. Hit 
may please the same to be aducrtisedd that for the accomplisshinge 
of your pleasures yttered vnto me in the lettres, which I receaved 
the xxth daye of October last paste, 1 haue conferred with certen 
archdecons Comissaries ande Officialla exercisinge Jurisdiction 
within the precincte of my office whom I know to be men bothe 
learned and honeste, and likewise to have good knowledge bothe 
of them that are in auctoritie and in commission for the peace at 
this present in the place where they exercise Jurisdiction ande also 
of others, beinge owte of commission, who in their opinions are 
mcete to be called R therevnto. The efFecte ensuinge of 

that owre conference your honours shall perceaue by the shedells or 
papers he-revnto annexed. In the which allso I haue written certen 
articles, which in my opinion may scrue for remedies of certen 
disorders, levinge the same to your godly consideracions ande 
commendinge yowr honors to the blessed gouermente of all 
myghtie godd. Ffrom Bugden this viith of November lofi-f. 

Your honours to commaunde 
f. 20a. N. Lincoln.'' 

Lincoln : 

Justices of pece there : 

Richard Dismy, armiger, Edmund Hall, armiger, Robert Garr, 
esquier, Anthonie Harrold, earnest in religion. 

Ivoberte Dymocke, esquier, Roberto Ilarringtonnc, mort, c esquier, 

William Tharrold, esquier, hindereis. 

■ A word illegible. b Nicholas LulliiiyLam. 

* Note in Burleigh'a haad. 



TO THE PBIVY COUNCIL, 1564. 27 

Kesteven : 

Richard Bartie, esquier, Thomas Saintpoll, esquier, John Aclmer, 
archdeacon of lincoln, Thomas Godwine, canon residenciarie of 
lincoln, William Porter, esquier, Charles Wynfeld, gent, Richard 
Meares, armiger, James Harrington, gent., Earnest in relligion and 
to be trusted there. 

Justices of peace there : „ 

Adland Welbie, esquier, Hunston, esquier, Johnne 

Manne, gent., earnest in relligion. 

Leonard Irbie, gent., Holland, esquier, Ogle, gent., 

indifferent. 

Holland : 

Richard Bartie, esquier, Thomas Saintpoll, esquier, John Aclmer, 
Archdecon of lincoln, Thomas Godwine, canon residenciavy of 
lincoln, Edmundd Lyall, esquier, "William Derbie, esquier, Laurence 
Meares, esquier, Earnest in relligion and to be trusted there. 

f. 20b. 

Justices of peace : 

Sir Richard Thimelbie, knyght, Sir William Skip with, knight, 
Thomas Saintpoll, esquier, Roberto Mounson, esquier, Laurence 
Meares, esquier, Adumd Welbie, esquier, Earnest in relligion 

Sir Edward Dymocke, knight, Richard Bolles, esquier, Charles 
Willoughbie, esquier, Cristofer Wraw, a esquier, James Smyth, 
esquier, Tristrame Tirwhite, esquier, William Manbie, esquier, 
Antonie Tomenev, b esquier, Richard Craicroft, esquier, Indifferent. 

Sir Roberte Tirwhite, knight, Johnne Copledicke, esquier, 
Humfrey Litlebury, esquier, hiuderers. 

Richard Bartie, esquier, John Aelmcr, Archdeacon of Lincoln, 
Thomas Godwine, canon residenciary of lincoln, Thomas Morrisonne, 
gent., earnest in relligion and fitt to be trusted there. 

* I Wraye,in S. P., il 17. L 2 Tourney, in S. T., ii. 17. 



28 LETTERS FROM THE BISHOPS 

f. 21a. 

Countie of the citic of Lincoln : 

Aldermen there : 

Iohn Hutchinson, Maior, Nicholas Ffawkoner, earnest in 
relligion. 

Thomas Wright, George Stampe, William Goodknap, William 
Kent/ George Porter, 1 ' Ffulbecke, c Leon Ellys, u indifferent. 

Richard Caiter, e William Scolfeld/ Edward Hallelary/ hinderers. 

Martine Hollingwourth, late alderman, veray earnest in relligion, 
honest and pollitique. 

The names of them with whom I haue conferredd : 

Mr. Jhon Aelmar, archedecon of lincoln, Mr. Thomas Taylor, 
regester, Mr. Thomas Sainctepoll, esquyer. 
f. 21b. 

The Corporacion of Grauntham, Combiirgisies (sic): 

Ro^er Jonsonne, Thomas Tilson, h John Tailor, earnest in relligion. 

Simon Hanson, Gabriel Best, John Picke, Thomas Sympson, 
Robert Gibbon, indifferent. 

Humfrey Duckar, alderimm, George Atkinson, Roberte Wright, 
John Brotherton, Edward Mortonne, hinderers. 

f. 22a. 

Bedfordshire: 

All Justices now in commission: 

Lewes Mordent, 1 esquyer, Lewes Dyve, 1 esquier, Thomas pygott, 
esquier, John Thomson, 1 esquier, Thomas Leigh, i esquier, Robert 
Xedegate, 1 esquier, Earnest in religion. 

Humfrey Katlilf,' knight, Peter Gray, 1 esquier, Raulf Astrye,' 
esquier, indilFerent. 

John Gascoync, 1 knight, John Cowlbeck, 1 esquier, John Ffuller,' 
esquier, hinderers. 

* Mayor 1572. See Liucolu, names of Mayor?, &c b Mayor 1575. 

c Mayor 15G5. d Mayor 1 57-'. * Mayor 1577. 

f Mayor 157C. * Mayor 15G7. 

b Robert Gibbon scratched out. 

1 All in Tat. RolL, Eliz., pt. 3, mem. 1. 



TO THE PRIVY COUNCIL, 15G4. 29 

Henry Cheney, knight, Reynold Grey, esquier, John Burgoyne, 
esquier, John Swif'te, esquier, Thomas Snager, esquier, Henry 
Ackworth, irent., earnest in religion and fvtt to be trusted. 

The Corporacion of Bedford. Out of Comission: 
Thomas Leigh esquier, Thomas Dyve gent., Earnest in religion. 
Eye-herd Laurence, William Bull, hinderers. 
Henry Laurence, Alexander Hunt, Earnest in religion and fytt 
to be trusted. 

The names of them with whom I have conferred: 
Maister Addams, minister, Maister leighe, esquyer. 

f. 22b. • 

Huntingdonshyre : 

All Justices now in Comission : 

Robert Tyrwhit, knight, Rychard Darington, esquier, earnest in 
religion. 

Laurence Tallard, knight, William Laurence, esquier, Gylbert 
Smithe, esquier, Robert Fi'orest, esquier, indifferent in religion. 

Thomas Cotton, esquier, a hindcrer of religion. 

Oute of Comission: 

Henry a Cromwell, knight, William Mallary, esquier, Thomas 
Worlcge, gent., Robert Awdeley, gent., earnest in religion and 
fytt to be trusted. 

Thauncient of the corporacion of Huntingdon r 

William Symcotes, gent., Thomas Harrys, Robert Blynethorne, 
John Turpen, earnest in religion. 

Henry Backhand* gent., "William Wallys, William Bushe, John 
Rychardes, hinderers in religion. 

Charles Rigges, Rychard May re, Anthony Dixon, indifferent in 
religion. 

■ Henry scratched out. 



30 LETTERS FEOil THE BISHOPS 

I haue conferred with maister William Slacd, eomyssary for this 
shere. 
f. 23a. 

Hertfordshere : 

Justices and now in comission: 

John Broeketc, esquier, George Horsey, esquier, Thomas Dock- 
wray esq., Rowland Lutton, esq., Nyeholas Bristow, esq., earnest in 
religion. 

John Butler, knight, John Twynco, esquier, Mr. Burgoyne, esq., 
Mr. Purvey, esquyer* hindcrers of religion. 

Oute of Comission: 

Mr. Tucke, esquier, John Nedam, esq., earnest in religion & 
fyt to be trusted. 

1 haue conferred for this shore with Mr. William Slayd, comissarie 
and Maister smythe, minister. 

f. 24a. 

Leicestershire : 

All Justices n owe in commission : 

Sir Thomas Novell of Holt, knight, George Hastingcs, esquier, 
Adriane Stookes de Barrowe, esquier, Ffrancisce Cave de Baggrave, 
esquier, Brians Cave de Ingersbie, esquier, George Turpyn de 
Knaptoft, esquier, Nicholas Beamount de Coloverton, esquier, 
Brokesbie de Sholbie, esquier, Leonard Dan net t de dannet hall, 
esquier, Ffrancisce Broune de Ivilbie, esquier, earnest in religion. 

Migliell Purefey, esquier, George Vincent de peckleton, esquier, 
Smyth de dalbie purva, esquier, indifferent. 

William Skevington de Skevington armiger, hinderer ; Maurice 
Bartlcy de Womendham, esquier, indifferent ; Laurence Saunders, 
gent., hinderer. 

Mr. Outreade de Burton lazars, esquier, learned and wise, William 
Blounte de Osbaston, gent., Thomas Boose de Lutterwourth, gent., 
Thomas Ashebie de Loscbie, gent., 1 nomas Brahm de Barrowe, 
gent , John Xowell de Willesborough, gent., Temple de 

eadfcin], gent., earnest in relligion and fit t to be trusted. 



TO THE PRIVY COUNCIL, 1 5G4. 31 

f. 24 b. 

The Oorporacion of Leicestre. Aunceantes of the Corporacion 
there : 

William Manbie, Johnnc Hericke, a Richard Davie,'' Parker/ 
Inglish, d Clarke/ Gillott f senior, earnest in religion. 

Halame, s Raignoldes, u Stamford,' Tatham,J indifferent 

Nix, Maior, k Ffletcher, Ffowler, 1 Morice," 1 hindcrers. 

The names of them with "whom I haue conferred : 

Maister John Aelmer, Maister Thomas Larke, comissary and 

officall. 

f. 20a. 

Buckinghamshyre : 

Justices and now in comission : 

Paule Parrcll, esquier, n Thomas Pygott, esquier, Thomas 
Fflitwood, esq., 11 John Cheney of Amersham/ 1 Mr. Cade . of 
Dorney, John Doyley, esquier, Willelmus Day, prepositus Eton, 
Thomas Tyrringham, esq. 

William Garrett, knight, Edmund Ashfield, esquier, 1 " John 
Goodwyn, esquier, 5 Nicholas West, .esquier,' William Ilawtree, 
esquier," Richard Hamden, esquier, indifferent in religion. 

Robert Druryc, knight, v Edmund Wyndzore, esq., John Cheney 
of Chessham boves, w hinderers of religion. 

* J. Thompson. Leicester, p. 251, gives him as Mayor, 1572. 

b /*., 15G3, 1575. c lb., 1560. d lb., 1570. 

' lb., 15G9. f lb., 1571. s lb., 1561, 1574. 

h lb., 15G2. ' lb., 1573. J lb., 1567, 1577. 

k lb., 156-1. ' //'., 15G5. °> ? Noryce, ib., 1579. 

Lipscombe, I. xvii., High Sheriff, 15G2. ° lb., 1570. 

p lb., 1503. t Ib.,1567. r High Sheriff, 15GS. 

* lb., 15G1. * Signed the Act of Uniformity. 
High Sheriff, 155S ; signed the Act. 

T High Sheriff, 15G0 ; signed the Act. w High Sheriff, 15G5. 



32 LETTERS FROM THE BISHOPS 

Oute of C omission : 

Henry Lee, knight, Thomas Packington, knight, Robert Stafford, 
knight, "William Filitwood of the temple, Robert Mordant, gent., 
By chard Craiford, gent., Roger A 1 ford, gent., a John Purefrey, 
gent., John Burlacye, gent. , b Wilkin Shepherd, gent., Mr. Croke of 
Chilton, gent., c Pauls Went ford, gent., earnest in religion & fitt 
to be trusted. 

f 25b. 

Thomas Pigott, esquier, d Mr. Tyrill, esquier, Rychard Hichcok, 
gent., Alexander Denton, gent., Mr. Harcote of lecnamstede, William 
Cornewalle, gent., William Biseley, gent., Thomas Rede, gent., 
Thomas W T ayncman, gent., William Clarke, gent., Bobert Xewde- 
gate, gent., Walter Wynzore, esq., William Wyndzore, esquier, 
]\Jr. Pymme, Baron of thexchecour, Bychard Payne, esquier, 
indifferent in religion. 

Bobert Pcekham, knight, 6 William Dormer, knight/ Robert 
Pygott, gent., Thomas Giflord, esq., Mr. Hamdon of JIartwell, Mr. 
Scrope of Hambledon, Davy Pen, gent., John Xewdegate, gent., 
George Hansley, George Peckham, gent., s Edward Ardes, gent., 
Bychard F farmer, gent., Half Hay don, gent., Mr. Rookes of Ffawley, 
hindcrers of religion. 

These bee they with whom I did conferre : 

Jolin Lon gland, Archdeacon of Buckingham, John Cheney, 
esquier, Mr. Ffyssher, preacner. 

f. 27a. 

Remedies for disorders : 

1. A comission tobegraunted to certen chosen persons bothe of 

the Clergie and laitie to extende as well to places exemptc as not 

* Signed the Act. " Mr." is corrected to " lioger." b Signed the Act. 

c High Sheriff. 1574. d High Sheriff, 1570. 

« Died at Rome, IV.. 451. * High Sheriff. 1567. 
e High Sheriff, 1572. 



TO THE PEIVY COUNCIL, 1564. 33 

exerhpte, •within liberties and withoute, for reformacions of disorders 
in religion. 

2. That the said comissioners haue auctoritie to reform all suehe 
papistical! orders and wages in cathedrall and collegiat cherches as 
by theire discrecion shall appeere woorthie reformacion. 

3. Som conuenyente order to be taken with the romisshe 
sectuaries, as well beinge in durance as straglinge abrode, for 
reformacion of theire obstinaeie which dothe mvtche harm 
amongstc the people of god and the queen her maiestes subiectes. 

4. The iustices of pens to be charged to be present at everie 
quarter sessions where the}'' shall cawse the articles, accorded vpon 
for vniformitie in religion, to be openly redd and then to be 
confyrmed and allowed of by theire severall actes in subscribinge 
openly to the same. 

5. That thenqueste then to be panyelled may be charged to 
certifie in theire veredictes all suche whom they shall learn to 
maynteyn any contrarie opinion, and that the forsaid comissioners 
may haue auctoritie to reforme suche offendours accordinglie. 

G. That the archedecon comissarie and officiall or the woorthiest 
of them may be in the commission of peas with in the circute of 
his office and that the same haue in charge to be presente at everie 
quarter sessions, where on of them or som other learned man vpon 
theire appointement, shall make a sermon concerninge the setting 
forthe of the doctrin conteyned in the said articles. 

f. 27b. 

To everie cathedrall cherche the dean and residensaries shall by 
coarse make everie of them ones in a quarter a sermonde. And in 
the same, after the prayers, shall read openly and distinctly the 
said articles of religion allowingc then of the same by his open 
confession and shall allure others therevnto. 

Endorsed : To the moste honorable lordes of the queen her 
maiestes priuie cowncell. 
camd. soc. F 



34 LETTERS FROM THE BISHOPS 

f. 30. 

Certavnc brefe notes of vour honors to be considered : a 

1. F first the learned aduersaries being ecclcsiasticall persons to be 
ether banished or scquestred from conference with such as be 
fawtors of there religion, or elles the othe to be tendrcd vnto them. 
Forthwith, considering thei haue so litle passed of the Queues 
maicsties clemeneve, to them shewed these six yeares, whereby it 
doth appeare that they be more stubburne & more incoraged than 
thei ware before. 

2. Item, that the stragling doctors & pricstcs who haue libertie 
to stray at there pleasures within this realme do much hurte 
secrettlve and in corners, therefore it weare good that thei might be 
called before the highe commissioners and to shew there con- 
formitie in religion bv subscribing or open recantacion or elles to 
be restrained from there said libertie. 

3. Item, a proclamation to be sett forth by the quenes maicsties 
aucthoritie, to represse the bold talk and bragges of the aduersaries 
of good religion, and by the same proclamation that the ministers 
of goddes word might be incoraged to vse there function without 
feare, who be now in a manner nothing estemed. 

4. Item, a commission to be awarded as the highe commis- 
sioners haue at London at this present, whearein the bysshopp of 
the diocesse and other lei nod men &, good gentellmen might haue 
aucthoritie bothe to inqnyre and reforme the aduersaries of good 
religion and to represse the fawtors of the same. 

5. Item, whereas Kcgestcrs for the most parte haue there office 
by patent being corrupt in religion, who do more hurte knowing 
the state of the diocesse and being in greate estimacion with the 
aduersaries of good religion then the prechers are able to do good 
nthenvaves, therefore it weare mete that the bysshopp might haue 
aucthoritie to remove them owt of there roomes allowing them a 
ceitayne resonable stypend and to place theim that did lavor the 
setting forth of good religion. 

» This appears to be from the Bishop of Peterborough, Edmund Scambler, 



TO THE PEIVY COUNCIL, 156 i. 3-5 

6. Item, whereas the chefe Constables of euerye hundred which 
be rino-e leders of the people and whom the people haue in greate 
credytt and for the most parte he fa w tors of naughtie religion, that 
it might be provyded that the commissioners by the consent of the 
the bysshopp, vppon iust occasion might haue aucthoritie to remove 
them and to place other in there places. 

7. Item, there be diuerse gentellmen of euell religion that kepe 
scholemasters in there houses pmatelye, who be of corrupt 
iudgementes and do exceding greate hurte as well in those houses 

O DO 

where thei teaches as in the Oountrie abrodc abought them, that it 

might be provyded that the sayd gentellmen should not kepe 
privatelve in there houses no maner of scholemasters but ssuch as 
should be examined by the hysshop of the diocesse and admitted 
thereunto bv licence vndcr his scale of office. 

f. 30b. 

8. Item, that the Prebendaries of euerye Cathedral! churche 
mayc be inforced by aucthoritie to make a manifest and open 
declaration of there faithc before the congregacion by thappoynt- 
ment of the Bysshopp of the diocesse, and in there said declaration 
to sett forthe the aucthoritie of this religion by parliament 
established and by goddes word confirmed, and that thei do openly 
professe and geve there consent to the same, detesting all other 
religion to the contrarye, and also shall subscrybe to the articles of 
Religion agreed vppon in the presence of the Bysshopp and other 
commissioners appoynted for the reformation of religion. 

f. 31b. 

Comitatus Northamton : 

^sowe in the commission of the peace : 

Sir Walter Mvldmaye, knight, Sir Eoberte Lawe, knight, Mr. 
Edwarde Mountague, esquyer, Edmonde Elmes, esquier, George 
lynne, Mr. Moungomerye, Mr. Wattes, esquiers, earnest furtherers 
of religion* 



36 LETTEES FEOM THE BISHOPS 

Mr. Ffrauncys Saunders, esquyer, Thomas Spencer, esquyer, 
indifferent in religion. 

Nowe in the commission of the peace : 

Mr. Valentyne Knightley, Sir John Spencer, Sir Thomas 
Gryfiyn, Sir John Ffarmcr, knightes, Edwarde gryffyn, Mr. 
Cateshye of Whyshyn, Thomas Lovett, esquiers, greate letters of 
religion. 

And now owt of the commission of the peace : 

Edmounde Brudenell, John Wake, esquiers, John ffosbrooke, 
Bartholomew Tate, Jhon Pyckeryng, Mr. Coope of 

cannonsashbye, John Dreyden, 8 James Crewes, b Roberte Pemberton, 
gentellmen, Mr. Anthonye Burton, bachelor of diuinitie and chan- 
cellor of Peterboroughe, earnest furtherers of religion and worthic 
to be trusted. 

f. 32a. 

Burgh Socon being a peculiar libertic : 

Esquiers and now in the commission of the peace of that 
libertie. 

Koberte TYyngfelde thelder, Fraunceys Quarles, Eoberte 
"Wyngfelde the younger, Boberte Browne, earnest furtherers of 
Religion. 

Jhon Mounstwing, gentellman, a greate letter of religion, and 
now in commission for the peace within the same libertie. 

Peter Kemppe, gentellman, an earnest furtherer of Religion 
within the same libertie, and now owt of the commission of the 
peace. 

The Corporacion of Northampton : 

Mr. Bawgyc, Mr. Cole, earnest furtherers of religion and now in 
the commission of the peace within the same towne. 
1 Jhon Wake, scratched out. k Wake corrected to Crewes. 



TO THE PRIVY COUNCIL, 1564. 37 

Conitatus (sic) Rutland : 

James Harrington csquyer, earnest furtherer of religion and now 
in the commission of the peace there. 

Mr. Dyckbye of Stoke, indifferent in religion. 

Mr. Anthony Collye, Mr. John Hunt, Mr. Calcott, esquyers, 
greate hynderers of religion and now in commission of the peace 
there. 

Mr. Anthonye Burton, Bachelir of divinitie and Chancellor of 
Peterburgh, Mr. Mack worth, Mr. Jhon Harrington of 

Exton, Mr. Fflowre of "Whytwell, earnest furtherers of religion 
there & worthy to be trusted, and now owt of the commission of 
the peace there. 

f. 34a. 

Eight honorable, after my most humble commendations, it maye 
please your honors to understand, that upon your honours letters 
lately directed unto me, I have considered of the Justices for the 
peace wythin the counties of Wiltshyre, and Barkshire, whiche 
counties bothe lye wythin the dioces committed to my charge, and 
in seueral schedles haue noted owt bothe theire names and 
dwellinge places, and also theire sundrie inclinations towardes the 
furtherance of Goddes truethe, and that sincerely, and uprightly, 
and wythout al partialitie, accord inge to the trust that your honours 
haue reposed in me toutehinge the same, wherin also I haue used 
thaduise of sutche gentlemen as in the seueral schedles unto your 
honours maye appeare. Thus I humbly take my leaue and wyshe 
unto your honours the sprite of wysedome, and thencrease of 
Goddes grace. 

From my poore house in Sarum, 9 Xouemb. 1564. 

Your honours most humble 

Jo. Sarum. 5 

• Jewell. 



38 LETTERS FROM TIIE BISHOPS 

f. 3.5*. 

The names of the Justice? for the peace wythin Wiltshire : 
John Meruin of Fountel, knight, Xo hinderer ; John Thinne of 
Longleate, knight, A furthercr earnest; John Zouche of Ansty, 
knight, A furtlierer earnest ; George penruddock of luychurche, A 
furthercr earnest ; Nicolas Snel of Kington S. Michaelis, No 
hinderer; Edward Baynton of Rowdon, Xo hinderer ; Edward 
Baynard of Lakeham, A furthercr earnest; Henry Sharington of 
Lacockc, A furtherer earnest ; Richard Kingesmyl of Ouerton, A 
furthercr earn(est); Jo. Sainctjohn of Lidiard, Xo hinderer; Jo. 
Byre of Chalfyld, Xo hinderer; Christofer Willugbee of Litle 
Knoelj Xo hinderer ; Christofer Dodington of Meere, A furthercr • 
Jo. Berwike of Wilcote, Xo hinderer; Jo. Hooper of Sarum, 
Xo hinderer ; Giles Thistlethwaite of Winterslowe, A furthercr • 
Henry Boddinham of Fulstone., Xo hinderer. 

Other gentlemen of your honours to be consydered : 
George Ludlowe, a furthercr, Laurence Hyde, a furtlierer, Henry 
Clyfford, a furthercr, Al wysc and politique and liable to serue. 
Wyth thaduise of Sir Jo. Zouche. 

f. 30a. 

The names of Justices for the peace wvthin the Countie of 
Berkshyre : 

Henry Xeuil of Rnscombe, knight, A furtherer earnest; Richard 
Warde of Hurste, as it ys supposed no hinderer ; Thomas Welden 
of Cookham, A furtherer; Thomas Stafford of Bradfild, A furtherer- 
John Winchcomoe of Bucklelmry, A furthercr; Edmund plowden 
of Shiplake, as it ys supposed a hinderer ; Jo. Cheyney of AVood- 
hay, A furtherer ; Griffith Curteis of Greenham, A furtherer earnest- 
Roger Yonge of Bustyldeane, A furtherer earnest; William* 

* Cor. fruni Jo. 



TO THE PRIVY COUNCIL, 1564. 39 

Dunche of Litle Wittenham, A furtherer earnest ; Jo. Fetiplace 
of Beselslygh, A furtherer ; Robert Kelaway of Shallingford, A 
furtherer ; William Hyde of Denchworthe, No furtherer. 

Jo. Yate of Buckland, neuer yet received the holy Communion 
sythence the beginninge of the queues maiesties reigne, and there- 
for nowe excommunicate, and returned into the kinges bench for 
the same. 

One gentleman of your honours to be consydcred : 

Edmund Dokwra, of Chamberhouse, 8 a furtherer and learned. 

Wythe thaduise of John AVinchecombe and Griffith Curteis. 

Endorsed : To the right honorable and my singular good Lordes, 
the Lordes of the queenes maiesties most honorable privy 
councel. 

f. 38a. 

Rioht honorable <fc mv verv irood lordes, with all humblenes tliesc 
may be to signifv vnto you, that having receaved the xxvi' 1 ' day of 
October tast.vour honores lettcres, bearing date the xvii th day of the 
same monethe, according to my bounden duety, with all speed and 
diligence that I cold vse in suche diepnes of waies, and distance of 
the persones from me with whom I might confer, I have ende- 
voured mv self taccomplishe vour commaundement, and answer 
your expectation in certifying of suche Justices of the peace as ar 
communly resiaunt within the severall shyres of my Dioces or 
Jurisdiction. Wherin for my better procieding, I first vsed the 
counsell of Mr. Nowell, Dean of Lichfield & James Weston, my 
Eeo-istcr, men godly <Sc zelous, of lunger continuance, and therby 
of more knolegc and experience in my Dioces than I ; by whose 
advvse I sent for suche persones as were thoght most miet, for love 

* Inserted. 



40 LETTERS FE03I THE BISHOrS 

to Justice & zeal for religion, to confer with for suclie effect as in 

your honoures letteres is specified, and so vsing & folowing their 

advise to that end, I have first simply made certificate after the 

same, adding consequently that opinion which I have of them 

severally conceived, hy commun reporte of suche credible men as I 

have to do with in my dioces, and myn oun daily experience : 

Partly that your honores may vnder stand the opinion of those with 

whom I have conferred, and partly what I here & vnderstand of 

them by commun reporte of good men otherwys. And Wheras 

vour honoures moved me to advertise you of anv other thinges 

tending to the redres of disorderes within my dioces, ffor the 

county of Stafford where my habitation is, by mcanes wherof I 

have better vnderstanding of the commun doinges then in other 

places, thies few thinges I have to signify, vnder your honores 

correction. 

ffirst, for the county of Stafford bicaus ther be not many learned 
men in the same, it is thoght a great hinderance to Justice, that 
they which be lerned & Justices, ar also commun counselleres in 
the shyr, by which meanes ether the Quenes maiestie is not faith- 
fully served or the clientes not iustly helped ; of thies I here diverse 
complain. 

Secondly, the number of attorneis, frequenting the assizes and 
sessiones at Stafford, are raged to bried and norishe matters of 
stryf & contention betwien party & party for their lucre sake : 
which if it might be otherwys helped, is thoght good to many 
men. 

Thirdly, wheras the cuntry is to miche hinderly in all good 
thinges perteining to religion, yet the abyding of Doctor Poole, 
late bishop of Peterboro, in that shyr with Bryan ffowler, esquier, 
a litle from Stafford, causeth many pieple think wurs of the regi- 
ment & religion then els they wold doo, bicaus that diverse lewd 
priestes have resort thither : but what conferens thev have, I can 
not learn. "VYherfor if it pleas your honores to remove him from 



TO THE I'PJVY COUNCIL, 15G4. 41 

thens, you shall doo miche good to the cuntry, and frustrate 
thexpectation of evill disposed pcrsones. 

ffourthly, 1 have bien moved diverse tymes by many godly men, 
to labour vnto the Queues maiestie or to your honores for a com- 
mission, wherby I might better do my deuty, for that many 
ofFenderes ar ether born with by M [aster] ship, which I alone can 
not redres, or els fly into exempt places & peculiar Jurisdictiones 
and so avoid ordinary correction, not "without great offence and 
slaunder bothe of the gospell & ministeres therof, which thing 
I refer to your godly wisdom to consider as occasion shall move 
you. 

f. 38b. 

Last of all, the greatest disorder within my hool Dioces, hathe 
bien in great tounes corporate ; for there when I have required 
thassistaunce of the bailiffes or other officercs, I have found open 
resistance in matteres of charge, wherof it is niedfull to place good 
men in office there : & yet presently I am not able to make certifi- 
cate who be best affected in those tounes, for that many of them ar 
visited with the plage. And therfore thies may be to desyr your 
good honores to take this certificate in good parte, even so com- 
mitting the same to the mighty & mercit'ull protection of almighty 
God, who kiep you all in long, peacefull and helthfull lyf. 

this x th of November 1564, at Eccleshall Castle. 

Your good honores with ail humblenesand obedience to command 

Thomas Coven. & Licn. a 

f. 40a. 

An Information or Certificate made to the Quiens maiesties 
most honorable privy Counsell by Thomas, Bishop of Coventrv & 
Lichfield of all the Justices of peace resiaunt within the severall 
shyres of his Dioces, and of suchc pcrsones as ar miet to be called 
to the said office as folowethe. Novembris, 10, a 1564. 

* Bcntham. 

CAMD. SOC. G 



42 



LETTERS FIIOM THE BISIIOPS 



Of Stafford shyr, after tliadvicc of Thomas Wirley, John Lane 
& Roger ffoullc, esquieres. 

The Lord Viscount Hereford of Chearkley, The Lord Stafford of 
Stafford Castell, The Lord Dudley of Wombnm, Sir William 
Snede of Brood wall, knight, Sir George Blunt of Knightley, knight, 
Sir Baffe Bagnall of Delacres, knight, Humfrcy AYells of Horecros, 
esquicr, Baffc Okover of Okover, esquier, Thomas Wirley of 
Hamstede, esquier, Edmund James of Corbenes, esquier, John 
Levcson of Wolverhampton, esquier, Rafe Adderlcy of the Holt, 
esquier, Bryan ffcwler of the .Manor of Sowe, esquier, miet to 
continue in oiBee. 

Sir Edward Aston of Tixall, knight, Sir William Greisley of 
Colton, knight, Simon Harecourt of Ranton, esquier, a knot hurt- 
full to Justice & great Alainteincres. 

Henry Vernon of Hilton, esquier, an adversary of rellioion. 

Sir Edward Litleton of Piliknoll, knight, Sir Raffe Egerton of 
WreinhiH, knight, John Rotte.-ley of Rottesley, esquier, John Lane 
of Hyde, esquier, Roger ffoulke of Gonstone, esquier, miet to be 
called to the office. 

f. 4.0b. 

The Bishopes advise & opinion for the Justices of Staffordshvr 
as foloweth. 

Althogh by thopinion of those men whose advvse I vsed for 
Stafford shyr, dyvcrsmen be thoght miet to continue in office 
of whom I hear litle eommciuk.cion otherwvs, Thies may signify 
vnto your honoures that by the conunon report of many men godly 
& credible & by that know lege & vnderstanding that I have, thies 
persones folowing, viz. : — 

Sir William Snede, knight, Sir George Blount, knight, Humfrey 
Wei?, esquier, John Leveson, esquier, Rafe Adderley, esquier, 
Bryan ffowler, esquicr, ar accounted of good men adversaries to 
religion & no favoureres therof, nether in died nor woorde. 

Concerning the hurtfull knot & Henry Vernon esquier, I nied 



TO THE PEIVY COUXCIL, 15G4. 43 

say no more. Ffor I looke that that which is by otheres confessed 
wilbe laid to my charge, if you stand not my good Lordes. 

As touching suche pcrsones as ar tlioglit miet to be called to the 
office, I have nothing to say to the contrary bicaus I hear well of 
them all. 

The best learned in the county of Stafford. 

Thomas Wirley of H'amstcd, Edmund James of Corbenes, Roger 
ffonlk of Gunstone, no Justice as yet, favourerea of Relligion & 
Lerned. 

Humfrey Wells of Horecros, Rafe Adderley of the Holt, Bryan 
Ffowler of the manor of So we, no favoureres of Religion but better 
learned than the rest. 

f. 41a. 

01' Darby shyr, after thadvyse of Sir Thomas Kockein Knight, 
AY altar Horton, esquier, ct Aden Berisford, esquier, as foloweth : — 

Sir John Zouche * of Codner castle, knight, Sir William Sentlow 
of Chattesworth, knight, Sir George Vernon of nether Haddon, 
knight, Sir Ff rauncis Leke a of Sutton, knight, Sir Thomas Cockein a 
of Ashburn, knight, Godfrey fluliambe* of Walton, esquier, Thomas 
Stanhope'' of Ai-bley, esquier, Thomas Sutton of Over Haddon, 
esquier, James- Hardwik b of Hardwik, esquier, Antony Gell of 
Iiopton, esquier, miet to continew in office. 

Sir Humfrey Bradborn* of Lee, knight, Henry Vernon of 
Sudbery, esquier, adversaries to religion. 

Richard Blakwall' 1 of Calk, a lawier, Godfrey Boswell 6 of 
Beighton, esquier, miet to be omitted. 

Walter Horton of Catton, esquier, George Curson of Croxall, 

esquier, Thomas Kniveton 1 of Mirkaston, esquier, Richard AA^enslow 

of Wenslow, esquier, Aden Berisford of Bently, esquier, Rafe 

* Signed for the supremacy. b Absent at the signiug. 

e Sheriff, 1503, lo7i. Other sheriffs were Zouche, Leke, Cockeiu, Ffuliambo, 

Stanhope. 

d Not a Justice, 15C0. e Signed the supremacy, 1509. 

f A Justice, 15G9. 



44 LETTERS FR031 THE BISHOPS 

Sacheverell of Staunton or Eadburn, good men & miot to be called 
to office. 

r. 4ib. 

The bishopes advyse concerning the Justices of Darbyshyr. 

Concerning the certificate made before, I judge' all very well 
done, according to my knolege and vnderttanding save only in 
two persones viz : — 

Sir George Vernon," knight, is knowen to be a great Jester at 
Religion as well as in all other thinges. 

Also I have a good opinion of Mr. Blakwall, a man of good 
learning with whom I have diverse tymes talked & so do lyke well 
of him and think him miet to continew in office. 

And as touching those which are thoght miet to be called to the 
oflice, they all have a good reporte bothe for civill Justice and 
favour to religion as any men that I know or hear of. 

Anthony Gcll b of Hopton, esquier, is accounted learned. 

f 42a. 

Of the countie of Salop, after thadvyse of Sir Andrew Corbet 
knight, Sir Richard Newport, knight, and George leigh, Bailiff of 
Salop, as foloweth : 

In dioeesem Coventry etc. : 

Justice Corbet of Stoake super Tern, Sir Andrew Corbet 
of Mourton Corbet, knight, Sir Richard Newport of Arcoll 
Magna, knight, Sir Arthur Manwavring c of Hight field, knight, 
Kichard Corbet of Painton, c esquier, Georg Bramley of Worfield, 
esquier, James Barker of Haghmond, esquier, Adam Otley ° 
of Pitehford, esquier, Thomas Seriven c of iTVodisley, esquier, 
Humfrey Onslow of Salop, miet to continew in office. 

Extra dioeesem Coventrv : 

Edward I.eighton c of Wattelsboro, esquier, Simon Kensey of the 

* Not a Justice, L'.GO. b Signed the supremacy, 15G9. 

c Signed the Act of Uniformity. 



TO THE PRIVY COUNCIL, 15G4. 45 

Okes, csquier, Thomas Powell R of Whittington, esquier, Lewis 
Johnes* of Bishopes castell, esquier, Charles ffox of Bramhill, 
esquier, Pichard Cornwall a of Burford, esquier, miet to continew 
in office. 

William Charlton of Wombmlge, esquier, "William Yong of 
Kainton, esquier, Thomas Eton of Eton, esquier, William Gatacre 8 
of Gatacre, esquier, adversaries of religion. 

Robert Corbet of Stannerton, esquier, .Robert Neidham of 
Shcnton, esquier, John Ilourd of Bridgnorth esquier, George 
Leigh of the toun of Salop, bail if, William Gratewood of Adderley, 
esquier, Pafe Cliff of Wayvart. esquier, Peter Banister of Hadnall, 
esquier, Miet to be called to office. 

f. 42b. 

The bishopes advyse for the countie of Salop : 

Concerning the certificate before made of the Justices of the 
county of Salop I iudge it to be well done, so that I can nether 
iustly chaunge, add or take any thing away, for that knolege 
which I have : and yet I do know well all the persons save only 
those which be extra diocesem Coventry, etc. 

I know the learning of none muche reported, but of Justice 
Corbet, and George Bramley. 

As touching the toun of Salop : 

Humfrey Onslow, csquier, Edward Hosier, esquier, George Leigh, 
now bailif, Robert Ireland tlielder, Robart Ireland theyonger, alder- 
men cv counselleres of the toun miet to bear office, bicaus many tymes 
corrupt men ar chosen to be bailifes. 

Thomas Aston, Scholemaster, and a worthy man emon^st them. 
Ffor Bridgnorth : 

John Ilourd esquier, a wyse and godly man. 

Of Warwikshyr after thadvyse of Edward Eglamby esquier. 

Sir Piichard Verney of Compton Yerney, knight, Thomas Lucie 
* Signed the Act of Uniformity. 



46 LETTERS FROM THE BISHOPS 

of Chalcot, esquier, Basill Fiielding of Munkeg kirby, esquier, 
Clement Throckmorton of Ilaselye, esquier, Simon Arden of 
Warden, esquier, John fifisher of Packington, esquier, Edward 
Eglamby of Meryden, esquier, Henry Godyer of Polesworth, esquier, 
Good men & miet to continew in office. 

Sir William Wlgson of Woolston, knight, William Devereulx of 
Meryvallj esquier, Simon Rawleighe of Ffarmboro, esquier, John 
Hibalt of Ipsley, esquier, John Middlemore of Edgebaston, esquier, 
Thomas Lysley of Moxall, esquier, indifferent pcrsones. 

Sir Robert Throckmorton of Conghton, 8 knight, Thomas Throck- 
morton of Morehall, esquier, Michael Purefey of Caic&t, esquier, 
no favoureres of religion. 

The bishopes opinion touching the certificate made of the 
Justices of the county of Warwik. 

Fforasmiehe as rnyn abyding is far of frome that parte of my 
Dioces, and partely through good Justices of peace, & partly bv the 
diligence of myn Archdeacon Mr. Leaver, £ other Rurall Deanes, 
I have bien litlc trebled with any matters, by meanes wherof I 
have not travilled so miehe that way to get any vnderstanding by 
myn own experience. I do here confes to your honorcs that I 
iudge this former certificate made good and sufficient for that shyr. 
Adding this, that I wrote & sent for mo of that shyr to confer with, 
namely for Clement Throckmorton, esquier & Henry Goodvere, 
esquier, who presently be at London, or els the certificate had bene 
witnessed with mo. 

Now if it may stand with your honores pleasure to consider of suche 
a commission as in my lctteres is meneioned with humble (f 43b) 
peticion, and think the same miet to be graunted. Then thica may 
signify vnto you with lyke humblenes, the names of certain 
Ecclesiasticall persones whom I do think & iudge miet for that 
purpose to be Joyned with suche of the reste as your wisedomes 
may appoint, being noted ether as miet to continue or to be called' 
vnto office, within this former certificate, viz. : 

» Corrected from Morehail. 



TO THE l'lUYY COUNCIL, 1564. 47 

Lauren cius Xowell, Decanus Lichfield ; Robertus Weston, 
Cancellarius Episcopi ; Thomas Levir, Archidiaconus Coven- 
try ; Thomas Bickley, Theologiae Baccalaureus ; Arthurus 
Bedle, Legura Baccalaureus ; Thomas Ashton, Clericus, Ludima- 
derator (sic) Salop ; Robertus Aston, Rector de Muccleston ; 
Petrus Morwing, Rector de Langforde ; Augustinus Bernhear, 
Rector de Southam. 

Thomas Coven. & Lich. 

f. 44L. 

A certificate of the Justices within the Dioces of Coventry & 
Lichfield. 

Endorsed : To the right honorable and his very good lordes of 
the Quienes majesties Privy Counsell thies be given. 

f. 45a. 
Suffolk. 

]\iy humble dutie vnto your honours remembred, pleaseth it the 
same to be advertised that having rcceved your honorable lettres to 
certefie such Justices and hed officers of the Shire of Suffolk as be 
eyther favorers or myslikers of the orders of this Realme established 
for thccclesiasticall pollicye of the same, and that I shold do the 
same by thadvice of such men of gravitie and knolege as I shall 
thinke mete for that purpose to enforme me for the vnderstondino- 
therof, having the rule and authoritie evther as Justices of peax or 
other hed oilicers within my Jurisdiction, being not favorable to 
the ordinary good procedinges of this Realme, in the orders and 
cawses of Religion, and likewise who they be that be well o-even 
and mete to continew in ofiice, with their names and dwelling 
places, as I haue donne for the shire of Norffolk as may farther 
appere to your honours by my certifieat of the same, a and meaning 
to do the like for Suffolk where, perceving ther ys some discention 
as well for religion as otherwise, least the mallice of the one part or 

* Below f. 58. 



48 LETTERS FROM THE BISHOPS 

the other might be occasion for me to certifie more than trutlie, 
and yet not meaning to omitt my dutie, I haue thought good to 
vse thonlie advice of myne officers there, by whom I vnderstond 
that thes persons vndenvritten are not so well bent vnto the 
advauneement of the godlie procedinges of this Realme in cawses 
ecelesiasticall as other the Justices of that Shire be : viz. : Sir 
Clement Higham and Sir John Tyrrell," knightes. Mr. Talmach 
of Helmingham, Mr. Robert Gosnall of Otley, Mr. John Sowthwell 
of Buitham, Mr. Fibster of Copdoek, Mr. Payne of Burie, 
Mr. Barbour, baylif of ypsewich, and yet I must tcstefie as in my 
certificat of Kornblk that I nether know or yet can lerne probablie 
of anie fact, that cyther Sir Clement Higham or Mr. Gosnoll are to 
be charged withall, but for the rest I dare not testiGe so farr, beino- 
not by common fame accompted of such zeale and good affection 
toward the religion now established as ys necessarilie required in 
men of their authoritie and calling, the displacing or reformacion 
of which I must holie committ to your honorable consideracions, as 
one having little aceesse thither or acquaintance among them. And 
so loving farther to troble your honours I commend the same to 
the protection of Almightie god. Ffrom Norwich this sixth of 
Xovembcr 1564. 

Your honours humble to commaund 

John NoEwic. h 

f. 46a. 

In most humble manner ccrtifiethe vnto your honours that 
accordinge to your letters to me directed and dated the xviith of 
October I have hadd conference with suche grave, wyttve men, 
good in Relligion as favourers of the policie of the Realme nowe 

■ State Papers, vol. 00, Xo. G2, iv. Among those who have been of the Commission 
and presently be not. 
b Parkhnrst. 



TO THE PRIVY COUNCIL, 1564. 49 

established, namelye Mr. Alane Bellingham, Mr. George Lamp- 
leughc, Mr. Henry Towson, Mr. Richard Dudley, Mr. George 
Seroope, sub-warden ; for with men of eontrarye Relligion I 
durst haue no conference. And haue send vnto your honours the 
names of all the Justices of peace of the two shyers within my 
dyocese, herin enclosed, with notes of Relligion, Learninge and 
wysedome bothe according to myne ownc knowledge and that I by 
conference could learne, and lykwise the names of suche as in 
Relligion are syncere & favouringe the politie are most fytt men to 
be appoynted in place of some of the other. And as concerning 
other officers, in myne opynyon ther is nothinge that more 
hyndreth the good Successe of the policies estableshcd nor dothe 
the perpetuall contynuaunce of the SherifFwyke of Westmorland, 
by which nieanes ther is allways suche in office as in no wyse 
favors the true way, and suche are suffered to passe through the 
countre vnapprehended as talke at their pleasure, and some haue 
in the wyld mountaynes preached in Chappells. The Quenes 
llcceyvours and other officers of the lower sort, being not good 
them selfes, discourage often suche as darre not displease them. 
And to speake plainly to your honours, the nohlemens tenauntes 
in this countre Darre not be knowen to favour that way for feare 
of losse of their fermholdes. And finally the Justices of Assyse 
which, only making a good face of Relligion in gevihge of the 
charge, in all other their tulkes and dooinges shewe them selfes not 
favourable towardes any man or cause of Relligion, which the 
people mochc marke & talke of. And thus according to my 
dewtie and the trust which your honours have putt in me, not 
fearing any man but setting god before myne eyes, I have doon 
my best endevours to avaunee the glory of god by youe, prayenn-e 
god to preserve the Queues highnes in long healthe of bodye, 
contynuaunce of this good mynde and your honours harttes 
prepared of god to contynue in the diligent & most faythfull service 
of god and the Quenes maiestie as youe haue to your great praise 
CAMD. soc. H 



50 



LETTERS FROM TflE BISHOPS 



begonne. Ffrom tlic Piose Castle in "Cumberland the xviiith of 
November lofU. 

"iour licnours most humble at comandment 

JOANKES CaRLIOLEX. 8 

f. 4Sa. 

Justices of peace at this pointe viz. a dni loC-i within the 
Countie of Cumberland, scilicet : 

The bushoppe of Carlill, The Lord Dacre. My Lord Dacre, butt 
especial!;/ my Lady his wyfe, are to be reformed in Relligion. 

Sir Thomas Dacre of Lanncrcost, Knight custos Rotulorura 
within the Countie of Cumberland, to be admoneshed iu Relligicn 
and verie vnfytt for that ofiice. 

Hcnrye Curwen of Workington, armiger, William Pennington of 
Muncastcr, armiger, John Lampleugh of Lampleugh, armiger, 
Thomas Myddleton of Skyrwith, armiger, In Relligion good & meat 
to contynue & the said myddleton lerned somethinge in the 
Lawes. 

John Aglionby of Carlill, armiger., Richard Blanneihasset, deade, 
armiger, not staid in Relligion but to be admoncshedd and within 
the liberties of the Getie of Carlill none other able but poore 
men. 

Richard Salkeld of Corby or Rosgill, armiger, not good in 
Relligion. 

William Myddleton, gent., William Pyckringe, gent., in Relligion 
evcll & not meatt. 



Justices to be appoynted at your honours election and pleasure 
for the said countie : 

Henry Lord Scroope, Lord Warden, Mr. George Scroope, his 

brother. 



Best. 



TO THE PPJVY COUNCIL. 15G4. 51 

George Latnplcuglie of Cockermouth, armiger, Henry Towsone 
ofBrydekyrk, armiger, Thomas Laytonof Dalemayne, armigcr, Mr. 
Anthony Twhattes of vnerigg, clerk, men of wysedomc & good 
Relligion, experyent and Icrned but not in the Lawes. 

Thomas Carleton of Carleton. gent., Andrewe Huddlestonc, gen- 
tleman, in Relligion good & wyttye men. 

f . 48b. 

Justices of peace at this pointe a dni 1564 within the countie of 
Westmorland, scilicet: 

Sir Thomas Wharton of TVhartone, knight, evill of Belligion. 

Alane Bellingham, armigcr, de Hclsone lethes, Walter Streyck- 
land dc Syzer, armiger, Anthony Duckett de grarigg, armiger, all 
thrc of goo 1 Relligion c^ meat men, and the said Bellingham Icrned 
in the Lawc. 

John Myddleton, gentleman, John Prestone, armigcr, not of the 
shier, Richard Salkcld de Corkby & Rosgill, armiger, Oliuer 
Mvddlcton, sent., Richard Kiizce, armiger, not c;ood in Relligion, 
not fytt men. 

Justices to be appoynted at your honours election and pleasure 
for the said countie : 

Thomas Warcoppe dc Smerdale, armiger, Lancelott Pyckring de 
Crosby Rawnrwath;" armiger, Richard Dudley of Yenwath, armi- 
ger, Henry Crakenthorpe de Xebyging. armiger, William Gylping 
of Kentmyer, armiger, all verie good in lielligion & fytt men. 

JOAKNES GaKLIOLEX. 

f. 4 fa. 

Glocestershire : 

Myne humble dutie to your Lordships remembred, hauinge 
receaued your honorable Lcttres dated the xyii th of this lastc 

• Kavcuswortb. 



52 LETTERS FROM THE BISHOPS 

octobre, wherin yt pleased your Lordships to command me to eon-' 
sydre the state of my dyocesse touching th'obseruacion of lawes 
established for the ecclesiasticall pollicie and therof with others to 
certyfie your honors. It may please the same to be adu^rtysed that 
hauinge had conference with Sir Thomas Throckmorton, knight, 
Richard Pate, esquier, and other?, touchinge the contentes of your 
Lordships lettres for the reporte of discorde in Justices of the peace 
and men placed in auctoritie, doo signifie vnto the same, that (god 
be praised) their arc no Justices nor men placed in auctoritie within 
my dyocesse, eyther by them selfcs disordered, or meynteyners of 
disordre in others, but have alwayes shewed them selfcs redie to 
represse suche arrogansic and contempt of auctoritie as hath at 
any tyine bene offered before my beinge placed, and sythence 
verv redie and willinge for myne assistance when node hath 
required. I farther thinke there is nothing that bredeth at 
this tyme more vnquietnes and lesse credyt to the Queues maiesties 
moste godly and honorable procedinges then that some regard 
Jy tie or nothin^e such ordre as is alredie established by the 
Queues highnes ffor ecclesiasticall pollicie, whom I haue called 
and wylled to kepe ordre sett forth, but they contynue disor- 
dered as before, to whome lawe semeth to be no lawe & ordre 
no ordre* Ther is also a preacher, a man of great zeall & competent 
Iearninge, whom many of the countrie follow from place to place 
and rcceaue the communyon at his hand far from theire owne 
parisshes. I here men of good credyt, that he ys to populcr in his 
sayenges, the redresse wherof I leaue to your Lordships wysedomes. 
The worshipfull of this countrie can certefie your honors farther 
herein, yf they (f. 49b.) be required. Theise thinges I can 
rayther lament then amend and refourme, or gcue your honoures so 
mete advise tendino-e to the redresse therof as your create wysc- 
domes of your sclfes can conceaue, beinge indede a man of smale 
experyence and lytic obseruacion in matters of pollicie & govern- 
mente; trystinge that your Lordships wyll take in good parte this 
my vnskyliull dealinge in these causes, for that I haue not bene 



TO THE ritlVY COUNCIL, 1564. 53 

trailed therm and yet with all humblencs moste redie to doo mve 
dutie, so far as my poore knowledge wyll serue and as I shall be 
commaunded. Greate dysordrc groweth of indyfferent thinges, 
which are in the appoyntment of the pryncc, wherin I wyssh we 
might draw one waye, acceptinge them with onto supersticion or 
geuinge to lytle estimaeion to auctoritie and ordre by which they ar 
established. 1 thinke also good to put your Lordships in remem- 
braunce as well of wylliam Reade of Boddington and George 
Huntley of Fforocctor, esquiers. Late shrifes of this shire, to be 
placed agavne in commyssion of the peace, as also of John Hunger- 
lord, esquieiv, a man of worship and faire possessions, dwellinge 
moste communlie in this shire at Downe auney, a wher ther services 
in thoffice and Admynistracion of Justice ar verie nedefull as I 
here &, as I thinke yt may therfore please your Lordships to con- 
sydre of them accordinglie; And so moste humblie takinge my 
lcaue I commytt your Lordshipe to the tuycion of the almightie, who 
prcserue you, from Gloucester the xx th of Xovembre 1564. 
Your lordshippes most humble to commaund 

Ric. GLouc. b 

Endorsed : To the right honorable and my moste singuler good 
Lordes of the Queues maiesties moste honorable preuye 
Counsell.' 
f. 51a endorsed ibid. 
f. 52b endorsed ibid. 

Hast hast hast 
Hast with all diligence. 
f. 53b. 

To the Quene her maiesties most honorable Prjwie Councell. 

f..54b. 

My duetie in moste humble wise to your honors. Maie it 
please the same to be advertised that accordinge to your 
honors late requeste to be certified by me of the favorers and 
» Atkins, p. 401, Ainnoy. l Cheyjiey. 



54 



LETTERS rr:OM THE BISHOPS 



mislikers of tli3 present estate of religion, T have for aunswei 
thereunto diligcntlie conferred with Sir William Kcilwcye, Sir 
Adrian Poyniuge?, Mr. "William Vnedall, Mr. William Kyngesmill, 
Mr. Richard Xbrton, Air. William Jephsonrie, Mr. James Pagett 
and others of good religion. And for liable and mecte menne 
to be putt in commission for the peace besides those (that I 
have hereafter .noted to be favorers), I think vnder your honors 
correction it shalbe verie expedient aswell that the savd favorers 
continewe in commission as that Air. Thomas Carye, capitaine of the 
Hurst Castle, Mr. William Bowyer of hambled(on) and Air. IL.mrie 
Clifford of Fl'awleye were ioyned vnto them and also that by your 
honorable wisdoms the Lordcs herewith certified might be moved 
to favor religion and to countenaunce the fautores and folowers 
thereof. And the two younge Lordes, thole of Southampton and 
the Lord S.ti rules, might no we in there youthe be so trayned in 
religion that hereafter when they come to there aucthoritie and 
rule they shoulde not hinder the sime. And because the citie of 
Winchestre is moste noted in hampshiere either for good example or 
evill (all that bear aucthoritie there except one or two bcinn-e 
addicte to thold supcrsticion and earnest fautores thereof), It should 
be well donne to associate for the commission in the sayde citye 
the Bueshopp of Winton, Sir Henrye Seamour. William Vnedall, 
henrye Wallopp, John ffoster and George Aeworthe, the bussliopps 
chauncelour, and for hecld oflicers there, and in other tounes 
fraunchised with Liberties, as Southampton, Basingstoke, Andevcr, 
Romescye, Petersfvelde and Portesmouth, Lymmington and Newport 
in thisle of Wight and through the whole shicre, for cunstables and 
bayhffes of hundredes and for gencrall enquestcs by graund Juries 
that by your honors Litres earneste chardge and commandement be 
given to the whole bodie of the commissioners and oflicers, that non 
be app >ynted vnto nor continue to exercise anie of the sayde ollices 
or callinges but they whose religion is approved, nor none likewise 
placed or displaced by one or two, but by the common consent (of) 



to the prnvy council, 15G-J. 55 

the beriche at some generall session, which will easelie drawe the 

common p(cople) to one good conformityc when they in aucthoritie 
goe all one wave, or dothc not crosse or hinder the well doinges of 
another. As for Surrey, (by) reasonne of my smale continuance 
and lacke of acquayntaunce there, I (have) not vsed suche advise 
whearby throughlie to satisfie your honors but but (sic) partelie 
by credible reporte and partelie by myne ownc knowledge have 
gathered this, and for incorporations, fraunchises, liberties and 
hundrede(s) within this shicre, suche ordere were good as is before 
mentioned for hamp(shire) as shalbe best consydered by your 
Lordshippes wisdomes, whome I praie almightie (God) Longe to 
prosper and maynteinc in honorable estate to his glorie and 
government of his rcalmc. ffrom ffarneham the xiu th daie of 
November a 1JG4. 

Your honorable Lordshippes moste humble to commaunde, 

Hon. WlNTON. 8 

f. 54b., Col. a. 

The Justices of peace in Hampshicre, Ffavorers : 
The Busshopp of Winchester; Sir John Masson ofWintney; 
[Sir] "William Pawlett ; [Sir "William] Keilwave of Bockborne; 
[Sir] Hemic Seamer at Maxwell; [Sir] Adrian Poyninges at 
Portesmoutfo; [Sir] John Barcktley at Christchurdi ; [Sir] 
Richard Pexall at stevington ; [Sir] Oliver ^\allopp at Ffar- 
lcighe ; William Ynedall at Wykham ; [William] Kingesmyll at 
Sydmanton; Richard Kingegmill, learned in the lawe; John 
Thomborough at ; Richard GyfTord at Kingesstun- 

borne ; Ilenrie Wallopp at fifarlcighe ; William Jephsonne at 
ffroyle ; Richard Norton at Tistyd ; Thomas Dearinge at Lyese; 
James Pagctt at Burie ; John fibster at Badisleye ; 
Worsleye capten of thisle of Wight; George Milks in the wight ; 
George Acworthe, doctor of the eivill lawe, the bushopes 
chauncelor. 

* Honie. 



56 LETTERS FKOM THE BISHOPS 

Mislikers or not favorers: 

The Lord S* John at Lettley (sic) castle; The Lord Chidiock 
Pawlett ; William Pawlett of Ypclatford ; William Bulckley at 
ffordyng- bridge; Robert Pcnrodocke of Charforde ; Thomas 
Shellcye of Buryton. 

John White of Southwirk, whoe notwithstandinge for skyll <fc liis 
good administration of Justice maie is it veine so good to your 
honors continue still in the Commission (s/'c). 

In the Citie of winchestre mislikers of religion of the chiefe 
aucthoritie. 

Hodsonne the Maiorj Bethcll thelder and Bethell the younger; 
William Lawrence; White towardes the La we & Potteno-er; 
Coreham towardes the Lawe and Skinner, Ffavorers. 

Added at the side in Burleigh's hand : 
Favorers in the Citie of Wynchester : 
Colley ; Bran tor. 

Col. b. ' 

The Justices of Surrey, Ffavorers : 

Mr. John Birche barron; [Mr.] Gilbert Gerard, atturnie general!- 
William Moore of Loseleye; Richard Onsclowe of Cranluye; John 
Egmundsham of Hursleye; Thomas Browne of Biechworthe • 
Thomas Doile, stewerd to my Lord Caunturburies grace; William 
Bowyer of Camerwell. 

Indifferent ministers of Justice within the countic of Surreye : 
Sir Thomas Saunders of Cherl[\vood] ; Nicholas Lee of Adino-- 

ton; John Skinner of JRigat thelder; ^Nicholas Steydol of 

Mickleham. 



TO THE PRIVY COUNCIL, 15G4. 57 

Gentlemen to be putt in commission of peace in Surrey e : 
Thomas Litle, keapcr of Bagshott parckc ; Thomas Dodmare 

dwelling aboute kea. . . . ; John Skinner the younger of Rigat j 

John Hurleston towardes the Lawe. 

Endorsed^ f. 55 b : To the right honorable the Lordes and 
others of the Queenes maiesties privie Counsell. 



£. 5G. 

Pleasith it your honorable estates to be advertised that after 

your Lettres directed vnto me for your informations what per- 

sonagis maye be thought mete to be placed orcontynued as Justices 

of the peace and who ought to be removed from the same, within 

my diocese and Jurisdiction of Cantcrberv, I haue the longer 

differred my answere for want of such sufficient Instructions as I 

laubored for to haue had. But concernyng the Countye of Kent 

I haue conferred with certen wise men therof. So that I haue ?,l r Jhomas 

Htton > 
gathered partly by myn owne knowledge and bi conference with M r John 

others that these parsons in shedule inserted maye wel contynue tnttou- 

to serue, with iii. others lastly named, of all which parsons though 

not of like zeale in religion yet such as I must save that the fufdest 

of a in fauorable affection toward the state of religion, be outwardly 

men conformable and not chargeable to my knowledge of any gretc 

extremyties vttered bi them in afflicting the honest and godly, 

or in mayntenyng the perverse and ongodly, as your Letters 

do speke. 

Thus trusting that I haue satisGed your honors request, I 

wysshe the same long preseruacion in grace and fauorable estate. 

Ffrom my house at Lamhith this xxiiii ,h of Xovembre. 

Your honors 

Matthue Cantuar. 

» For " off." 
CAMD. SOC. I 



5° LETTERS F20M THE BISHOrS 

f. lvii. 

^ Percivallus Hart, Martiims Bowes, Willelmoa Damsel], Henricna 
Cripse, Thomas Kempc, Georgiua Howard, Thomas Cotton, Chris- 
tophorus Aleyn, Henricus Cheyney, milites. 

Thomns Wotton, Warhamus S l leger, Puchardus Baker, Johannea 
Cobham, Johannes Tuiton, Thomas Scott, AVillelmus fetey, Hum- 
fredus Hales, Willehnns Cromer, Johannes Lennard, Anthonins 
Weldon, Thomas Stanley, Thomas Ashelcy, Robertas Rudstone, 
iMcholaus Barnam, Thomas Watton, Rogcrug Manwood, Willelmug 
Lovelace, Johannes Meyney, Thomas Lovelace, Radnlfus Bos^evile 
Georgins Darrell, Robertas Bynge, Thomas Doyley, Johannes 
Beere, Robertas Riches, Hugo Cartwright, Georgins Moulton, 
Georgins Ffame, Johannes Goldwell, Thomas Honywood, Thomas 
Hales, Hugo Darrell, Edwardus Boys, Gualterus Robcrtcs 
Nicliolaus S f . Leger. 

f. 58. • 

Norfolk. 

My bounden dutie vnto your honours humblie remembred, for 
answer of your honorable lettres reeeuid the xxvii' 1 ' of Oetobe/and 
dated the xvii lh of the same, yt may like yov to be advertised that 
vppon conference and good advice taken with the duke of Norffolk 
his grace, Sir Edmund Windham, Sir Christofer heydon Sir 
William Buttes, Sir Thomas Wodhowsc, Sir Nicholas Lestran-e 
kmghtcs, the metest men in my opinion in this shire of Xorffolk 
for this required serui,e, by whose advice and certified vnto me the 
Justices of peace of this Shire be verey well affected and -even to 
the executing of the orders and lawes of this Realmc established for 
the ecclesiasticall policie, except Sir Thomas Lovell, Sir Thomas 
Tyndall," knightes, Edmund Bowpre and M». Gybon of Lynne 
Espuires, who are not thought by common fame to be so well bent as 
the other, yet I assure your honours, I know not of my part nor 
yet can lcrne by anie probable meane, of anie fact that anie of them 
• Sheriff, t. Elk. Fuller's Worthies, 



TO THE raivY COUNCIL, 1564. 59 

are to be charged with, and so leve it to your honorable eonsidera- 
cions. And for augmenting of the number of the Justices of this 
Shire, although there he divers mete parsons and well affected, yet 
considering (thankes be to god) the Shire being alredie in so good 
quiet with the advice of the above written persons I thinke the 
number sufficient for this Shire. And so leving to troble your 
honours I humblie take my leave, beseching god to send you much 
encrese of honour, ffrom Norwich this xvii* of November 156-1. 
Your honours humble to commaund 

John Noinvjc. a 
f. 59. 

It maye please your honours to be advertised that accordinge to 
the tenour of your honorable letters directed vnto me I haue 
sente herewithe, according to the forme in your said letters pre- 
scribed, a certificate in writinge, conteyninge the names as well of 
those Justices of the peace who are iudged not to be favourable to 
the ordinarie good proccadinges of the Realm in the ordrcs and 
causes of lieligion, as also the names of those Justices that are well 
geven and mcete to continue in office. And with all the names of 
some thought meete to be called to the said office. Of the which 
it may please your honours to have suche consideracion as to vour 
honorable wisJomes shall seme good. Thus ceassinge to trouble 
your honors, I humblie commend the same to the grace of god. 
Ffrom my house at Powles this xvii th of November, 1564. 
Your honorable Lordshippes 
att Comman dement 

EDM. LONDON. b 

f. 60. 

Diocese London. — Ciultas London. 

The state and governcment of the Cittyc of London is allwaies 
subiecte vnto the eyes of your honors and therfore I haue not 
thought it greatlie necessarie to make anie reporte at this time of 
• Parkehnrst, b Grindal. 



60 LETTERS PEOM THE BISHOPS 

the governours therof being well ynoughe knowen, and in myne 
opinion (as in suchc a state) not to be misliked at this present. 

f. 60 b. 

Nomina Justlciariorum pads 1564, 

Middlesex. 

Thomas Wrothe, miles, Edwardus Warner, miles, favourers of 
godlie Religion. 

Rogerus Cholmeley, miles, Martinus Bowes, miles, indifferent. 

Thomas Chamberleinc, miles, Thomas Sackeford, Master Requists, 
Gabriel Goodman, Decanus christi. Gilbertus Gcrrard, attorney 
general, Willelmus Rosewell, sollicitor, Ricardus Onslow, recordator 
Civitatis London, Robertas Now ell, attornatus Curie Wardae, 
Johannes Asheldy, Edwardus ffitzgaret, Kobertus lluycke, Petrus 
Osborne, Edmundus Marten, Jasperus Fiisher, Tho. Wilson, legum 
doctor, Kobertus Chidley, Anthonius Stapleton, Johannes Newdi- 
gate, all favourers. 

f. 61 a. 

Edwardus Bashe, I know not his Religion. 

Johannes Marshe, Armigill Wade, favourers of Religion. 

Edwardus a Randolphe, Indifferent, Henricus Iden, A favourer, 
Robertas Harris, Indifferent, Rogerus Carewe, A favourer, Thomas 
Elrington, not persuaded in Religion (as I am enforraed). but in 
his outwarde doinges semethe to me conformable. 

Edwardus b Taylour, e Johannes Leake de Edmunton, hindercrs. 

Christoferus Richc, indifferent. 

Item, for the better governement of this Countie of Middlesex, it 
is to be considered that sithens the death of M r Hamondesham 
there is never a Justice of the peace resient in the bodie of the 
Shiere, for M r Elrington liethe altogether in Surrey, M r Newdi- 

■ Corr. from Barnavdus. b Corr. from Edus. 

c The Leakes of Edmonton occnr as recusants in Middlesex Sessions Bolls 
(County Records) ; also Edm. and Edw. Taylor. 



TO THE PEIVY COUNCIL, 1564. 61 

gate moste parte in Buckingham shier e, M r Pithe (*/r) moste com- 
rnonlie at Lincolns Innc, M r Carew, M r Taylour and M r Leake are 
in one extreme parte of the Shiere, the restc remaine about the 
Courte and about the Cittie : And yet for remedie herof.I cannot 
hitherto finde owt anie apte men dwellinge in the harte of the 
shiere to exercise tlioffice of Justice other then be alredie named. 

f. G2a. 

Nomina Jusiiciariornm Pads in Comitatu Hartford. — Commoro.n- 
tinm intra diocesan London. 
Hartford : 

Radulfus Sadler, [Radulfus Rowlet], milites, favourers. 

Ri card us Lee" [miles], indifferent; Robertus Chester* 1 [miles], an 
hinderer; Edwardus Caple [miles], indifferent but a verie good 
Justicer. 

Alex. Nowell, decanus Sancti Pauli, Willelmus Barleve, Thomas 
Barrington, Georglus Gill, favourers. 

Edwardus Bashe, vide supra in Middlesex. 

Fraunciscus Walsingham. a favourer. 

f. C2b. 

Georglus Penruddocke, "Willelmus Hide, favourers. 

Georglus Iladley, Thomas Hauehet, Edwardus Taylor, hinderers. 

Meete men to be put in the Commission of the peace in this 
Countie of Haiford : 

M r Thomas Laventhorpe of Albery, esquier, a favourer; and 
William Ilamond of Moudon gent., a favourer and skilfull in the 
Lawe. 

Item, there is one Birkehead, c clerke of the peace in the said 
Countie, a notoriousc adversarie to religion of myne oun knouled^e, 
and a great afilieter of the godlie and well disposed persones, whose 
removinge frcm that office (if it maye be lawfull) should do moche 
good. 

* Got monastic property. Clutterbuck, iii., p. 7. 

b A Sheriff. Fuller. « Cor. from Dirkebead. 



62 LETTERS FEOM THE BISHOPS 

f. 02. (sic.) ' 

Nomina Justiciariorum pacis, 15G4. Besides the Lordes Counsel- 
lours & two Justices of the coinmone pleas. 

Essex : 

Robertus Rich?, Authonius Cooke, milites, favourers of Religion. 

Johannes Wentworth,' [miles], an hinderer. 

Thomas Wrothe, Franciscus Jobson, Thomas Smythe, milites, 
• favourers. 

Thomas Goldinge, miles, indifferent. 

Willelinus Bendlowes, Seruiens ad legem, an hinderer. 

Thomas Sackeford, vnus magistorum curie Requistorum, favourer. 

Thomas Mildmiye, 8 [Thomas] Powle, indifferent. 

Willelmua Waldgtave, Thomas Lucas/ Kenelmus Throkmorton, 
Willelmus Aylife, a [Willclmus] Cardynall, E lwardus Barret, 8 
Thomas Barrington," Edwardus Berye, Johannes Tomworthe, 
favourers. 

Comitatus Essex. 

George Iladley, a hinderer ; Georgius Xicolles, favourer, learned 
in the lawe and to be trusted. 

Jacobus Altham, indifferent. Edwardus Bockino-e, George 
Christcpias; these two in wordes seme to favour Religion, but 
are (as I am enformed) not favourable to the ministers of the 
same, and are besides noted to governe vndiscretlie, and in_-vn- 
cerelie, makinge gaine ot the office, and this is affirmed to be 
true by divers graue and godlie persones of that countrey with 
whom I haue conferred. 

Rogerus Amys, Clemens Syceley, favourers. 

Willelmus Cheshull, an liinderer. Thomas ffranke, reported to 
be an hinderer, but in his wordes to me he hathe protested the 
contrarie ; yt' it be thought good he maye be tried for a time till I 
may searehc owt the truthe more certeinlie. 

Henry Goldinge, Edwardus Daniell, favourers. 
* Sheriff. Puller's Worthies. 



TO THE FKIYY COUNCIL, 1564. 63 

f. 63. 

ad hue Essex, 

Johannes Wiseman, an hindercr ; Mattheus Bradburic, indif- 
ferent ; Edwardus Riche, favourer. 

Men meete* in myne opinion to be putte into the Commission of 
the peace within the Oduntie of Essex which hitherto haue not 
bene in the Commission, viz. : 

M r Edward Tsacke, Esqitier, a favourer & of good trnste; M r John 
Moore, of Orsette, gentleman, a favourer skilled in the lawes and 
trustie. 

Item, it is to be wisshed that one Jerome, longer, who moche 
afflictethej vnder colour of arrerages of theX chequer bothe the poors 
ministers and also other simple people beyond good ordre, maybe 
vtterlie excluded from all directs and indirecte exercise of anie office 
vnder the Queues maiesty and namclie for anie recept of money or 
levieng thinges dewe to the prince. 

f. 64. 

Somerset tshy re : 

In most humble wise, as to dewtie appartayneth, it maie please 
your honors to be advertised that I vppon the sight of your Lettres 
concerninge the iustices of Peace wrote immediatelie to Sir Morrys 
Barckley, Sir Eaff llorton and to Mr. John Homer to have their 
advice accordinge to the tenor of the same. And for further 
intelligent I have ppmmoned with Justice Wealche, harry 
Portman, William llalley and John Hipetley, iustices, and can 
understand nothinge of them, but that everie iustice in the shire of 
Somerset doo diligently (as they saie) cxequute their ofryce. I 
have not muche to saie against any man, but only by reporte, 
where with to trouble your honors I have not thought it good. I 
have hard ffood commendations of one Mr. John Carre, late of 
Bristoll, who nowe dwelleth in the said sheire in a place called 
Brent" Mearsche, the Countrey there ys verie rcwde and there ys 
• Corr. from "might." 



64 LETTERS EEOM THE BJSTIOTS 

no Justice nighe save only ]Mr. Cuffer, who, for wantc of healpe, ys 
not able to answcre everie suyter, the said Mr. Carre I knowe to 
be wise, sobre, wealthio, and verle well affected to religion. There 
ys also commended one William Hyll of the Towneof Taunton, elder 
brother to Robert Hyll, one that ya well eastemed. amonges his 
neighbours, and verie well knowen of all those that professe the 
Gospell, to be a sincere favorer thereof. There ys also one John 
Sydenham of Dulvcrton in the west parties of the said sheire, 
where there ys no Justice nighe, savinge Sir John Wyndhara, who 
for age, sickenes and other cawses ys not nowe verie mete to doo 
service in that Offyce. The said John Sydenham ys well knowen to 
be wise, sobre and discrete, verie well affected to religion, a man 
well esteamed of his neighbours rounde aboute him. My humble 
suyte vnto your honors ys, that for the better performans of dewtie 
it might please youe to take Order, that every one that nowe ys, or 
hereafter shal be, called to the Office of a Justice, maie personallie 
take a solenme Othe before such as please your honors to appointe. 
And further if it be thought good to your honors, that they shall 
subscrybe their names to that Commission, that shall first be geven 
out to the Sheriff of everie Sheyre. 1 iudge verilie God shuld be 
better served, his worde more reverenced, the Queues maiesties 
procedinges more humblie obeied, lessc grudge, and dowte amon^e 
the common people, and so God fynallie, and on everie parte, most 
amplic glorified and all wee the Queues maiesties most faithe- 
full and humble subiectes bound to praie pcrpctuallie for her 
highncs longc and most prosperous raigne, and for your honors 
godlie successe in all your doynges durvnge our Lyves. At 
London, this xxvii f of Xovembre Anno 15G4. 

Your honors humble and dailie Orator, 

Gil. Batue & \Yelles. 6 
Endorsed : f. 65 b. 

To the right honorable my verie good Lordes the Lordes of 
the Queues Maiesties most honorable privey Councell. 
1 Berkeley. 



TO THE I'EIVY COUNCIL, 1564. 65 

f. 66 a. 

My singular good lordcs for answer to your honorable letters of 
the xvii" 1 of Gctobre and received by me the xxv" 1 of the same, 
may it please your Wisdomes to vnderstand thus muche. I have 
conferred Acording to your apointment with suche menne as 
hereafter he named in this schedule, concerning sucli Justices as be 
in autoritie for their aptness to the same and favoring of religion 
and also for suche as be not placed and yet fitt for that place, and 
hane declared your honors their opinions severally as they send me 
theim in writing. And bicause it was your farther pleasure that I 
shuld declare severally my opinion also of suche other thinges that 
doe hynder these gudd procedinges, in the latter ende I have done 
it also. I wold have answered soner butt that they, dwelling farre 
of, did something prolong the tyme, and partly I my self have bene 
troubled with sickenes of late. Praised be the lorde of hostes that 
hais putt this zelous mynde in to the Queues maiestie, not 
onely to scke his glorie so zclouslye butt also to represse the 
hinderers of the same. And godd grant yor honors that contynuall 
erncst love of Justice, that thexequlion of suche godly lawes may 
be dulic practised and such good example come from you that the 
peple may be encoraged to doe the like. Thus with the commen- 
dation of my se .'ce I commend your honors to thahnightie, who 
for hi3 vndeserved mercy sake long preserve her highnes and your 
honors to thadvanccment of his glorie and cumfort of his peple. 
ffrom Awcland the xxii lh of Xovembre 1564. 

Your honors most bounden & obedient 

Ja. Dtjresme. 8 

f. 68 a x 

My Lord of Bedford sais that within his charge there is never a 
Justice of peace nor none that he can commend as mete for that 
purpose. 

» Pilkington. 
CAMD. SOC. K 



66 LETTERS FKOM THE BISHOrS 

Sir John ffoster, Lord Warden of the mydell marche, thinkes 
these menne mete to be Justices and vsed in service. 

Northumberland : 

Cuthbert Lord Oyle, Sir Ilenry Percie, [Sir] John Witherington, 
[Sir] J. George Ratclif ; Robert lawson, Cuthbert Horsley, skilled 
in the lawes ; Johu Dalavell, George Heron, Nicholas Rydly, 
Cuthbert Carneby, Robert Mydelton, Sir Rauf Gray, Shiref vnder 
my Lord of Bedford, Sir Robert Ellercar he sais is a verie papist 
and all together vnlerned. lie mislikes also Thomas Bates of 
Morpeth, and Sir John Mitforde of High ill he dowtes. 

The towne of newcastell hais tenne aldermen, a maier and a 
shiref. everie alderman by their privilege is a Justice of peace as I 
here, they say that both theimseli'es will be obedient to the lawes 
and kepe the towne so to with all their diligens, and surely if welth 
made theim not willfull both of their owne substance and the towne 
chamber by their impost of sea coole :i it wold be one of the best 
townes on this side trent. The poorer sort hire theimselfes a precher 
butt none of theim or few gives litell or nothing to the precher. 

Sir Robert Brandling, maior, Cuthbert Ellison, Bertram An- 
derson, Richard Hodshon, Christofer mytford, Oswold Chapman, 
Robert Ellison, Cuthbert Musgrave, John Wilkinson, William 
Dent, Robert Anderson. 

f. 67 b. 

In the Bishoprioke of duresme, my Lord Evers and I think gudd 
to commend these Justices to your honors. 

Charles, erle of Westmoreland, William Lord Ewrie, [William] 
"Whittingam, deane, Sir George Bowes, Thomas Calverley, [Thomas] 
louton, lawers. 

1 Brand, Newcastle, ii. p. 200. The corporation was receiving £10,000 per 
annum from its duty on coal of lii. per chaldron, 



to tiie rrjYY council, 15G4. 67 

These other live quietly and obey the lawes: — Sir George 
Conyers, [Sir] William Bellas-e, Robert Tempest, John Blaxston, 
Robert Swyfte, chancelor spirituall, William Hilton, Thomas 
My del ton, Francis Bambrigge, Robert Bowes, Shiref, Cluistofer 
Chaitcr, Gerrerd Salvyn, Ed word Parkinson, William Smyth, 
Robert Lawson. John Swynborne kept a preist to say him masse 
butt he hais paid his fyne for it. 

There be twoe other thinges in ray opinion which hynder 
religion here muche. The Seottisshe preistes that are fledde out of 
Scotland for their wiekednes and here be hvred in parisshes on the 
borders bicause they take lessc wages than other, and doe more 
harmc than other woldc or colde in disswading the peple, I have 
done my diligence to avoide theim, butt it is above my power. The 
other thing is the grcte number of scholers borne here about nowe 
lieng at lovan a without lycense, and sending in bokes and letters 
which caiise many tvmes evill rumors to be spredde and disquiet the 
peple. They be mayntened by the hospitals of the newcastell and 
the welthiest of that towne and this shire as it is iudged and be 
their nere cousins. 

f. 69a. 

My humble duetic considered vnto your honors, whereas by your 
honors lettres I was cominaunded to signifie vnto youe the names 
as well of those Justices of peace as of others, placed by atrie meanes 
in auctoritie within my iurisdiction, whlche are not well allected to 
the moste godly state and order of theeclesiasticall policie of this 
Realme of England, But are rather of contrarie dispositions, and 
afflicters or at the leaste hindcrers of the sayde ecclesiastical state, 
and that also I should certifie your honors of suche persons, who 
are well o- e ven and mecte to be called to oilice, withe thevrc names 
and dwellinge places, These are to advertise your Lordships that 
I have, abowte this your will and commaundemente, conferred and 
vsed thadvise of the moste worshipfull and wiseste of my dioces, 

* Louvain. 



68 LETTERS FROM THE ElSHOrS 

namelie Sir Peter Carewe, Sir John Chichester, Sir John Moore, 
Mr. Soathcotte of Shillimrforde, Mr. John Parker of Northmolton, 
Mr. John Carewe of Bickleyo by Tiverton, who all withe good 
advisement and deliberacion gaue notice vnto me of suche persons, 
as well of thone to be displaced owte of office, as the other to 
be by the Qucenes maiestie and your honors placed in oflice and 
auctoritie, whose names I have written in the schedule heare 
inclosed, setting the names of the disi'avorcrs of this case on the one 
side, and the names of the godlie affected on thother side and do 
moste humblie beseche youre honors to take in good parte this my 
shorte and rude answer vnto your Lordshippcs lcttres. And 
especiallie that youe will not be offended for that I haue not certified 
your honors withe suche expedition and convenient speede as youe 
required me. My onlie staye and Lette of no sooner answering' 
was thexpectinge the rcturnc of Sir Peter Carewe and Sir John 
Chichester from the vttermoste partes of Cornwall, where than they 
were, in exploitinge theyr diligence vpon certaine vrgente affaires 
of the Qucenes highnes, and your honours eommandemente, abowte 
vewing the portes of this whole countrie. And because it was 
verie Longe or they returned, I thought it good to suspend mine 
answer vnto your honors vnto suche tyme as I mighte vse theyr 
advises and counsels. Thus moste humblie subinittinge my self 
vnto your honours, I committe the same to the tuition of 
Almightie god, who Longe preserue youe in most prosperous 
healthe and wealthe vnto his goalie will £ pleasure, from Excestre 
the xxvi th of November 1564. 

your humble suppliante to commaunde, 

Will. Exox. a 

f. 70. 

The names of suche Justices as were in the countie of Cornwall 
as in the countie of Devon, who are enemies or at the Lsaste, no 
favourers of thecclesiasticall policie of this llealme. 

» Alky. 



TO THE PKIVY COUNCIL, 15G4. 69 

Cornwall : 

Inprimis, John Bevoll/ 1 Justice of peace, but a verle greate 
enemye. Item, [John] Polewhecle, Justice, but an extreme eneraie. 

Ite;->i, John Reskimer,'' Justice, but an extreme enemy and an ill 
Jiver. Item, Richard Riskeracke, Justice, yet a Verie cnemye. 

The names of those whiche are mecte to be Justices and to be 
called to office in the saydc Countie o( Cornwall : 

Inprimis, John Killigrewc the younger. Item, John Carminowe. 
Item, Nicholas [Carminowe]. Item, Richarde Trevanion. [Item], 
John Traiawine. 1 ' Item, Samson Mainton. Item, Kichard Chaman. 
Item, John Andevton. [Item], Mr. Movie of saint Germans. 

Devon ; 

Tlie names of these whiche are not counted worthic to be 
Justices in the Countie of Devon : 

Inprimis. Marke Slader. Item, Christofer Copston, althoughe he 
be no enemie, yet he is not thoughte to be rneete for the office of 
Justice by the reason ot diuerse disorders. Other there be, who are 
not so carneste to mainteync thecclcsiasticall policie as they are 
wished to be, but yet for theyre Learningc, knowlege and wisdome 
they are thoughte mecte men to continue in the saide office of 
Justice sliippe. 

The names of them who are counted meete to be placed in 
authoritie in the countie of Devon : 

Inpiimis, Mr. Edgccome. Item, Mr. Butteshead. Item, Mr. 
John Care we of Bickleye. 

f. 70 b. 

The names of those whiche are no Justices, yet being of some 
auctoritie are iudged no favorers of the foresaide state: 

Inprimis, the greate Arundell d of Cornwall. Item, one Tregian 

* Sheriff. Fuller. b Sheriff. Fuller and Fohvhele. 

c Sheriff. Fuller. 

d Sir John Arundell of Lanherne. See Oliver's Catholics, p. 1G. 



70 LETTERS FROM THE BISHOPS 

of Cornwall. Item, one John Tremame. [Item, one John] 
Tregudicke. Item, John Hill. [Item], William Cavill of Cornwall. 
[Item], Robarte Winter one of the Justices of the citie of Exeter. 
Item, one Harte, the tosvne Clerke of Exeter. [Item, one] fYleayre. 
[Item, one] Kirkham of Pinhovve by Exeter. [Item], other there 
be whicae are of a contrarie disposition but these be the chief est e 
or at the leaste so counted. 

The certificate of Thomas a Arehbysshoppe of Yorke to the 
righte honorable the Lordea and others of the Quccnes Maiesties 
moste honorable piivie counsel]. Towchinge and concerninge 
theyre lettres for Justices of peace within the Countie of Yorke 
and Cittye of Yorke parcelles of the diocese of Yorke. 

Westrydinge: 

Thomas gargrave, miles, Johannes Yorke, [miles], Richardua 
Corbett, Georgius browne, Henricus Savill, Thomas Waterton, 
Willelmus Lyster, Richardua Beamond, Richardua goodricke, 
Brianus Bayles, Willelmus Wombwell, Willehnus Swyfte, 
Hugo Savile, Johannes lambart, Junior, Willelmus tancard, 
ar(migeri), Justices that be favorers of Religion. 

Westrydinge: 

Willelmus Vavasour, miles, [Willelmus] Ingleby, [miles], 
vicecomes, Thomas Danby, Willelmus Mallory, Milites, Frunciscus 
"Woodrofe ar., Edwardiis Elltoftes ar. Necessarye men, frunciscus 
Palmes, ar., Willelmus Ilamond, ar. ; Willelmus Hungate, [ar.] , 
Johannes Laeye of Cromwel bothom, Henry Gryce ar., Justices 
that be no favorers. 

Westrydinge : 

ffruneiscus slirtgesbye, Richardua Malwerey, Rcbertus Lee, 

* YouDir. 



TO THE PRIVY COUNCIL, 1564. 71 

Johannes Beverley, Richardua Ashcton, R[ichardus] Buny, 
ar[migeri], men mcetc to be Justices of peace A: favorers. 

Estrydinge : 

Thomas gargrave, miles, henricua gate, miles, Johannes Vaghan, 
Christoferua Estofte, Henricus Savile, Johannes Eglesfyld, 
Thomas Eyuns, Christoferua Hylliard, Willelmus S'rickeland, 
Anthouius Smcthlecy, Radulfus counstable de sepuleres, Thomas 
Boyneton, aiTmigeriJ, Justices that be favorers of Religion. 

Estrydinge : 

"Willelmus Babthorope, miles, a Justice of peace & no favorer of 
religion. 



Estrydinge : 

John Counstable, Knight, Symon Musgrave, George Dakyns, 
Arthur [Dakyns], Bartholomewe Abbott, ar[migeri], mcete to be 
Justices of peace & favorers. 

f. 72a. 

Xorthrydinge : 

Thomas Gargrave, mile?, ^sicholaus ffiyrefaxe, [miles], Henricus 
gate, [miles], Georgius Bowes, [miles], Rogerus Dallton, Roger 
Ratelyf, Johannes Herbert, Walterus Strickland, Thomas Lay ton, 
"Willelmus Davell, Averedus Vnedall, ar[migeri]j Justices and 
favorers of Religion. 

Xoithrydinge : 

Christoferus Danbye, miles, Leonardus dacre, Thomas Rookeby, 
Johannes Sayrc, Machaell YVandesiurth, Anthouius Catteracke. 
a>[nngcri] 3 Justices and no favorers of Religion. 



72 LETTERS FROM THE BISHOPS 

Northrydinge : 

Christoferus Metcalfe, miles, "Willelmus toncaH, Thomas Gowcr, 
Thomas Savile, Rohertus Barneton, Radulfus Bowrehyer, ar[migerij, 
meete to be Justices & favorers. 



Justices of peace within, the Cittie of Yorke : 

James Sympson, maior, Robertus Hall, Thomas Apleyard, 
Rohertus Ilekleton, Johannes Bene, Willelmus Cowpland, [Willel- 
mus] Bcckkewh, Robertus Pecocke, Thomas Stanevcn, Thomas 
Law son j Percyvall crayforth, Justices & no f'avores of religion. 

"Willelmus Wattson, Radulfus Hall, Justices there & favorers of 
Religion. 



f. 73 a. 

The certificat of Thomas Archbysshoppc of Yorke to the righte 
honorable the Lordes and others of the qucenes maiesties piivie 
Counsell towchinge & concerningc theire lettres for Justices of 
peace within the countie of Nottingham parcell of the diocese of 
Yorke. 

Comitatus Nottingham, Justices of peace there and favorers of 
religion : 

, Sir John Herrsye, knight, [Sir] William Meringe, [knight], 
Robert Markeham, esquier, John Byron the younger, George Nevill, 
Bryan Staplcton, "William Burnell, [esquier s], Justices of peace 
there and no favorers of religion. 



Comitatus Nottingham predictus : 

Sir Gervys clyfton, knighte, Sir John Byron [knighte], bothe 
good subicctes & necessarie for service in theire countrie but in 
religion vcaric cold. 



TO THE FRIVY COUNCIL, 15G4. 73 

Sir Anthony Styrrley, [knight], [Sir] William Holly s, [knight], 
John Mannors, esquier, Thomas Stanhoppe, esquier, Ffrauncis 
Mullenax, esquier, nowe sheryf, Gabriell Barewicke, [esquier], 
Nicholas Powtcrell, [esquier], sargent at lawe. 

f. 80. 

Chester : , 

This cittie is governed Lie xxiiii 1 ^ Aldermen, out of which 
Noraber the Maior is yerelie chosen, who immediatlic apon his 
othc taken is a Justice of peace and so after Continueth duringe his 
lief and albeit the grauote of their Charter is so ample that neither 
Alderman nor Justice of peace can he displaced, yet I have signified 
who be favorers, who be not, and who be most mete bothe for 
zeale and habilitie to be made Aldermen as any Rowme shall fall. 

Justices favorable: 

Laurence Smith, knight, William Gcrrard, Esquier, John 
Websbow, Henry Hardware, Raffe Goodman senior, John 
Cow per. 

Justices not favorable: 

Richard Poole maior, William Sneide, knight, John Walley, 
John Smith, Thomas Smithe, John Oilley, William Aldersey, 
Handle Bamvile. 

Col. 1. 

Aldermen not Justices yet favorable: 

Richard Harper, armiger, sergeant at law, William Leche senior, 
Adam Goodman, Morris Williams, Thomas Grene. 

Col. 2. 

Aldermen not Justices neither favorable: 

Randle Manwaringe, Roberto Walley, Roberts Johns, RafFe 
Goodman. 

CAMl). SOC. L 



74 LETTERS FE03I THE MSnOI'S 

Col. 3. 

Meete to be Aldermen for their zeale and habilitie : 
Richard Sutton, William Hanmet, Henry Lethe, John iTisher, 
Oliuer Smithe, Edward Marten, Edward Ilanmer, John Hankie, 
Christopher Morvile, William Croi'ton, John Yerworthe. 

ff. 81-83 are here arranged in tabular form to save space. 

In the original the. names are arranged in three columns under 
the hundreds or parcel! s. 



TO THE PRIYY COUNCIL, 1564. 



75 



f. 81. 



Countie Chester. 



Hundred de Eddes- 
bury 



Justices favorable. 



Not favorable. 



John Savage de 
Clifton knight 

Raffe Dent de Vt- 
kinton, anniger 



Hundred de Bulkley j Raffe Leycester de 
tofte, knight 



Hundred de Maccles- 
field 



Edward Ffitton de 
Gawswerth. knight 



John Bryne de 
S tap leford, 
armiger 



John Dutton of 
Dutton, armio-or 



Henricua Bierton 

do hani'ord, 

knight 
William Davenport 

d e b rom hal 1, 

knight 
Roberte Tatton de 

With en sh a we, 

armiger 
Piers Leighe de 

Lime, knight 
John Warren de 

Pom ton, armiger 



Mccte to be Justices. 



George Bieston de 
Bieston. armiger 

Richard. Birkenhed 
of Manley, Gentle- 
inen Learned in 
the La we 

Richard Brooke de 
Norton, armiger, 

Thomas Leighe de 
Leighleighe, ar- 
miger 

John Grinnsdiche 
de grinnsdiche. 
armiger, Learnec 
in the Lawe 

Thomas Stanley de 
Wever, armiger 

Richard Sutton de 
Sutton, armiger 

Raffe Arderne de 
Hardeine, armiger 

William Dokenfield 
de Dokenfeld, ar- 
miger 

Jaspar "Worthe de 
Dittrington, armi- 
ger 



76 



LETTERS FROM THE BISHOrS 



Justices favorable. 



Hundred de Naunt- 
wich 



Hundred de North- 
wiche 



Hundred ue Broxon 



Hundred de Wirrall 



Laurence Smith de 
Houghe, knight 

John Delves de 
Aington, armiger 



Non to my knoledge 



Hugh Chohnondley 

de Cholmondley, 

knight 
George Calvcley de 

Ley, armiger 
Richard Ilurleston 

d e P i c k t o n , 

armiger 

Richard Houghe 
d e Leighton, 

armiger 
William Glastor, 
armiger 



Not favorable. 



Meete to be Justices. 



Nontomyknoledge j onn Mushull de 
Mushull, armiger 
Edmond Griffin de 
Barihcrton, armi- 

Yernam 



Thomas Yenables 
de Kinderton, 
knight 



ger 

Roberte 
de 



Non to my knoledge 



armiger 

Henry Manwaringe 
de caringham, ar- 
miger 

Charles M a n - 
waringe de Crox- 
ton, armiger 

William Liversage 
de Whelock, ar- 
miger 

Richard Clyve de 
Huxlev, armiger 



William Massie de j John Poole de 
Podington," j Poole, armiger 
armiger, a good 
Ju.^tice 



■ Sheriff. Fuller's Worth its. 



TO THE PRIVY COUNCIL, 1564. 



/ / 



f. 82. 



COUNTIE LaNC' 





Jnstic favorable. 


Not favorable. 


Meete to be Justices, 


Hundred de 


Lons- 


Thomas Cants Ser- 


Francis Tunstall de 


Xon to my knoledge 


dale 




geaunt, ar' 


Thurland, ar' 




Hundred de A 


moun- 


Thomas Calvert de 


George Browne de 


Xon to my knoledge 


denies 




Sokerham, ar' 


lubchester, ar' 
Richard Shirburne 

de Stannehurst, k' 
John Rigmaiden de 

Garstoinge, ar' 




Hundred de 


Blag- 


Xon to my knoledge 


John Sothworth n 


Giles Parker de 


burne 






de Sampsbury, k' 
John Osbaldestonde 

Osbaldeston, ar' 
John Townley " de 

Townley, ar' 
Richard Ashton de 

Whalley, ar' 
John Brad ill de 

Whalley, ar' 


Harropforth, gent 

Brian Parker, gent, 

learned in the lawe 


Hundred de L 


eyland 


John FIctewodde 


Thomas Hesketh de 


Thomas Asliall de 






de Pen worth am, 


Rusforth, knight 


Hill, ar' b 






ar' 


Edward stan dish de 


Thomas Butlour de 








standishe, ar' 
Hugh Anderton de 
Yexlon, ar' 


Bewsay, ar' 



■ Harland, p. 70, conformable. 



b Above scratched out Thomas Stanley lie Wimveke. 



78 



LETTERS FROM THE LISIIOPS 



Hundred dc Derby 



Hundred de Saulge- 
ford 



Justic favorable. 



X'»t favorable. 



Meete to be Justices. 



John Atherton de- Richard MoHnex de Thomas Stanley de 
Athcrton, knight Sefton, knight Winweke, knight 

Henry Halsail de :| 

Halsall, ar' 
Laurence Ireland 
de hdeute, ar' 



Edward Holland do 

denton, ar 1 
Edniond Asliton de 

Chatterton, armi- 

ger 



William Radcliffc 
deordishall, knight 

Roberto Barton de 
Smethclles, ar' 

Raffe Ashton de 
Lcyver, ar' 



Thomas Herle, gar- 

dian of Mancester 

Edfmond Trafford 

de Trafford, ar' 
Charles Eatcliffe 

Todmerdcn, ar' 
Richard Ratcliffe, 

gent,ofxx u Landes, 

zealous and wise 
John A s h e t o n . 

Clark, zealous and 

learned 



TO THE PRIVY COUNCIL, 15G-J. 



79 



f. 83. 

The Archdeacon rye of Iiichmondc is in my Jurisdiccion Conteyneth in hit 
diuerse Parcelles of sundric Countries, viz. : — 



Justic fitVomLlc. 


Justic not favorable. 


Mete to be- Justic. 


Parccllof the Count! e 


Walter Strickland 


William Tankard 


Poorer brourdi de 


York wherein be 


de Croftc, ar' 


de borrobrigge, ar' 


1 >rough, ar' 


theis Justic 


John Saier de 


Christopher Danbie 


William Peper de 




Merske, ar' 


de Well, knight 


Richmond, gent 




Avery Ynedalle de 


Machaell Wandis- 


j.i o b c r t e 11 e b 1 c - 




Mcripk, ar' 


furth de Pickall, 


thvaite, com- 






ar' 


missary of my 






Theis be good Jus- 


Archdeaconry of 






tic altho not very 


Richmond 






favorable 








William Inglebie 








4e lxipley, knight 








Richard Xorden de 






■ 


Wath, ar' 








Christopher Wivell 








de Masharo, ar' 








William Wicliffe 








de W icliile, ar' 








Antony Caterick de 








stan wick, ar' 








Antony Rokby de 
liokbie, ar' 




ParcelloftheCountie 


William Penning- 


Henry Cm wen de 


Xon to my knoledge 


Cumberland -where- 


ton de Moncustcr, 


Workington, ar' 




in be theis Justic 


ar 1 


John Lampluffe de 

Lampluile, ar' 





80 



LETTERS FROM THE BISHOPS 





Justic favorable. 


Justic not favourable. 


Mete to be Justic. 


Parcell of the Countic 


Alane Bellingharae 


John Middleton de 


William Gilpen de 


Westm or elan d 


de Kendall, ar' 


lonsdale, ar' 


Kenttnaire, ar' 


wherein be theis 




Antonie Duckett de 




Justic 




Kendall, ar' 

Theis be good Jus- 
tic altho not very 
favorable 

Oliucr Middleton 
dc Bithonie, gc.it 




Parcell of the Countie 


Non to myknoledge 


Antony Kirkby de 


John Preston of 


Lane' wherein be 




Kiikbie, ar ; 


fTorncs, ar' 


theis Justic 




A good Justic 





TO THE I'EIVY COUNCIL; 15G4. 81 

f. 81b is endorsed To the right honorable the Queens Maiesties 
Privie Counsell. On the remaining folios numbered xci-xevi the 
lists of "mislikcrs" and of men (it to be justices arc again copied out. 

f. 97 (unnumbered). 

Syr. I send your honor the namys of such as be commended to 
me in these sbiers ; what these be & what others be, your honors 
of the councell knowe mcche better than we can enforme youe, and 
'as for myself, I know them not and somtymc enformers serve ther 
own turnc & gratifie ther frendes. 

As for bristowe diocesse the commendatory therof shuld haue 
sent his ccrtificat. thus Jesus be with your honor, 

Yours euermore 

Mattbue Cantuar. 

In the dioces of Landaff: 

Glamorganshire. 

Sir George Herbard. M r . Edward Manxel), [M r .] Roberte 
Gamage, [M*.»] Edward Lewes, [M*;] The. Lewes, [M r /] Myles 
But tan j comes, "William Evans, ehancellour, Christopher Turber- 
feild, M r . Dauid Evans of Xorth, M r . Lesam price [M r .] 
William Jenkin. 

Momworthe Shire. 

The Erie of AVorceter, M r . Tho. Mawgan, [M r .] Charles 
Somerset, [M r .] Tho. llerberd, [M r .] William John stroger 3 
[M r .] Evans, Chauncellour. 

In the dioces of Oxford : 

Sir Tho. Benger, knight, Hen rye Nores, Esquicr, M r . Wayman, 
[M r .] fynes, [M r .] John Doyly, [M r .] Roberte [Doyly,] [M r .] Tho. 
Wynchecombe, [M r .] Gibbons, [M 1 .] Cowper, [M r .] Moore, Mr. 
Lea, [M r .] Davas, Ambros Dormer. 

CAJ1D. SOC. M 



82 LETTERS FBOH THE BISHOPS 

Justices of pcax in the Citio Oxon : 

Doctor White, [Doctor] Warner, M r . 1'odde, M M Taverncr, 
Denton, Brostron, Chareltjm, Croker, Rawlyns. 

Endorsed : To the right honorable Sir William Cecyll, 
knin-ht. 



Then follows an index of dioceses & counties: thus f. lxxxv. 
(sic) :— 



f. 64 

48 
48 
57 

7 
80-81 
82 
83 
83 
41 
40 
42 
43 
68 
1G 
70 
70 
40 

9 
10 
11 
11 
12 





Com.it at us. 


Bath & Welles 


Somerset 


Carlile 


Cumberland 




Westmoreland 


Canterbury 


Kent 


Chichester 


Sussex 


Chester 


Chester 




Lancaster 


parcell Yorkshire 




of Westmoreland 


Coventry & 


Derby 


Lichfield' 


Stafford 




Salop 




Warwick 


Duresmc 


Northumberland 


Ely 


Canterbridge 


Exeter 


Devon 




Cornwall 


Glowcester 


Glowcester 


Bushops of 


Hereford 


Hereford 


Salop 




Wigorn 




Radnor 




Monmouth 



TO THE PHIVY COUNCIL, 15G4. 83 

Lincoln Lincoln 20-21 

Bedford 22 

Huntington 22 

Herts 23 

Leicester 24 

Bucks 20 

London • Middlesex Gl 

Essex G3 

Herts G2 

Norwich Norffolk 58 

Suffolk 4G 

Peterborough Northampton 31 

Rutland 32 

Sarum "Wiltshire 35 

Berks 36 

Winchester Southampton 54 

Surrey 54 

Wigorn Worcester 2 

Warrick 3 

York Yorkeshire 71 

Nottingham 73 

Then follow 3 endorsements of letters to the Privy Council & 
the volume concludes : 

" Collection of original letters of divers Bishops sent to the 
Privic Councill in the beginning of the Reigne of Q. Elizabeth & 
certifying the names of persons qualified or disqualified for the Com- 
mission of the Peace, as they are affected or disaffected to thestablished 
Religion. A 15GJ." 



INDEX TO DIOCESES. 



Bath & Wells 


pp. 63-64 


Carlisle 


48-5 L 


Canterbury 


57-58 


Chester 


73-80 


Chichester 


8- 11 


Coventry ec Lichfield 


39-47 


Durham 


65-G7 


Ely 


23-26 


Exeter 


67-70 


Gloucester 


51-53 


Hereford 


11-23 


Llundaff 


81 


Lincoln 


26-33 


London 


59-63 


Norwich 


47-48 & 58-59 


Oxford 


81-82 


Peterborough 


31-37 


Salisbury 


37-39 


Winchester 


53-57 


Worcester 


1-8 


York 


70-73 



PAPERS 



RELATING TO 



THOMAS WENTWORTH, 

FIRST EAEL OF STRAFFORD. 

FROM THE MSS. OF DR. WILLIAM KNOWLER. 



EDITED BY 

C. H. FIRTH, M.A. 



PRINTED FOR THE CAMDEN SOCIETY 



ai.Dccc.xc. 



PREFACE. 



The papers hereafter printed are taken from the Manuscripts ot 
Dr. William Knowier, editor of the two volumes of Strafford letter? 
published in 1739. 

On the death of William second Earl of Strafford in 1605 the 
title of Lord Baby passed to his cousin Thomas, grandson of 
William Wentworth younger brother of the first Earl of Strafford. 
This Thomas Lord Raby was created Earl of Strafford in 1711, 
and was one of the negotiators of the treaty of Utrecht. But the 
second Earl of Strafford had devised most of his estates, including 
Wentworth "Woodhouse, to his nephew Thomas Watson, son of 
Edward second Lord Rockingham, and Anne daughter of the first 
Earl of Stratford. Thomas Watson Wentworth, son of this Thomas 
Watson, and therefore great grandson of the first Lord Stratford, 
was created successively Baron Maiton (1728), Earl ot Maiton 
(1734), and Marquis of Rockingham (1746). lie undertook the 
publication of a selection from his ancestors' papers. They were 
" selected," says the dedication which the editor addressed to his 
patron, a from a vast treasure of curious manuscripts by yourself, 
and published according to your Lordship's own directions and 
instructions, to vindicate his memory from those aspersions, which 
it is grown too fashionable to cast upon him, of acting upon 
arbitrary principles, and being a friend to the Roman Catholics." 

Of Dr. William Knowler, the editor of the two volumes printed 



IV PREFACE. 

in 1739, Nichols gives the following account: "William Knowler 
was the third son of Gilbert Knowler, gent, of Stroud House at 
Heme in Kent; baptised May 9, 1G99. lie was educated at St. 
John's college Cambridge; B.A. 1720; M. A. 1724; LL.D. Com. 
Reg. 1728. He was chaplain to the first Marquis of Rockingham, 
who presented him first to the rectory of Irthlingborough (commonly 
called Artleburrow, between "Wellingborough and Higham Ferrers), 
and afterwards to the more valuable one of Boddington, both in 
Northamptonshire. He died in December 1773." Dr. Knowler pre- 
pared for the press in 17GG a translation of Chrysostom's Commentary 
0:1 St. Paul's epistle to the Galatians, which was never published 
(Nichols, Literary Anecdotes of the Eighteenth Century, vol. ii., 
p. 129; see also for further particulars, vol. viii., 401, and Illustra- 
tions of Literature, iv. 427). 

It is possible that in the editing of the Strafford letters Dr. 
Knowler had some assistance from William Oidys. " From the year 
1724 to 1730 Oldys resided in Yorkshire and spent most of his 
time at the. seat of the first Earl of Malton, with whom he had been 
intimate in his youth. In 1729 he wrote an ' Essay on Epistolary 
Writings, with respect to the Grand Collection of Thomas Earl of 
Strafford, inscribed to the Lord Malton ' : (Thorns, Memoir of 
William Oldys, 1862, p. viii.). Mr. Thorns, following the lead of 
Mr. Bolton Corney, suggests that this Essay may have been of some 
service to Lord Malton and his chaplain in the selection of letters 
for printing (Bolton Corney, Curiosities of Literature Illustrated, 
p. 113). The Essay itself is probably still at Wcnlworth YVood- 
housc. 

It remains now to give some account of the source of the papers 
which follow. They are entirely derived from copies found amongst 
Dr. Knowler's papers. In 1884 I purchased from Mr. George, the 
well-known Bristol bookseller, a box of Dr. Knowler's papers, 
which he had bought from the Rev. T. W. Openshaw, of Bristol 



PREFACE. V 

Grammar School, whose wife is descended from the editor of the 
Strafford papers. 8 The contents of the box were of a very 
miscellaneous nature. There were a number of Dr. Knowlcr's 
sermons, two imperfect copies of the Strafford letters in sheets, 
the manuscript from which that work was printed, and a number 
of miscellaneous notes made by the editor during its preparation. b 
There were also copies of several papers relating to Strafford, 
some of which are now printed. There was in audition a brief 
correspondence between Dr. Knowler and a certain Henry Goddard, 
which throws some light on the principles adopted by the former 
in editing the letters. 

11 Sir, 

" I s d have made an earlier acknowledgment for y e civilities I 
rec d f m you at Wentworth but was desirous to send you at the same 
time a copy of y e odd remark made by Sir John "Wentworth c upon 
y* celebrated Ire of L J Straffords to King Charles to persuade him 
to give his assent to y c Bill of Attainder, w ch I mentiond to you 
\v n you communicated y r design of publishing the whole collection 
cv s A have sent you much sooner but have been confmd by y e 
weather & did not get to Howsham till yesterday. The remark is 

Rev. John Knowler, LL.D. in. 1749, Mary Dalton. 

Mary Knowler m. ] 772. Edward Derby, of Boddick, Oxon. 

I 
Mary Derbv in. 1S0G, Rev. John Hyde, Rector of St. Martin's, 

| [Oxford. 

Edward Hyde m. 1836, Rachel Early. 

Anne Hyde in. Rev. T. W. Openshaw. 

b Dr. Knowlcr's keys to the cyphers employed in Strafford's letters are now in the 
Bodleian Library. 

c Sir John Wentworth, of North Elmsal, Yorkshire, was created a baronet 
July 28, l(i'J2, and died April 25, 1720. aged 17. The family of Wentworth of 
North Elmsal was an early offshoot of the family of Wentworth Woodhonsc, to 
which Strafford belonged (Hunter, South Yorkshire, ii. pp. 82, 151). The late 
Lord Strafford referred to is William, second Earl, who died in \C<d3 (Collins, ix. 
410). 



V1 PREFACE. 

in S ir John's hand as follows, They say my late TJ Stratford hath 
if original Ire under his father's hand $ if this was but tomovepity, 
no desire to die. 

" As all the best Historians are clear in y° particular of L' 1 
Sn-affords writing yt Ire to the King one can't I think well doubt 
of y c truth of it, but in my opinion tis so farr fm behur a irood 
reason for the Kings passing the Bill y l He is less excusable than if 
L d StraiFord had never wrote such a letter. 

" In looking over Sir John YTentworth's papers for this remark 
I found copies of several Ires w ch by y« dates & subject matter of 
them must have been wrote by L d Strafford wn L (1 Deputy of 
Ireland, & in case they be not in y* collection I will send 'you 
copies of them, I have taken down y c directions & a few lines at y e 
beginning of each Ire by w<* you will easily see whether they be 
copies of those you already have." 

Mr. Goddard then gives a list of eight letters, copies of which 
were amongst Sir John Wentworth's papers. 

•" There are several more letters, but I imagine you have y« 
originals & shall therefore trouble you no more at present nor untill 
I have y e pleasure of hearing f m you w<* I hope will be as soon as 
tis convenient & yt you will be so good to let me know if you have 
these Ires, if not I shall copy them over at leisure & send em y e 
first opportunity. 

" Y* method of publishing the letters I think farr preferable to yt 
of subscription on many accounts, all who either are or wou'd be 
acquainted with english history will be desirous to have them so yt 
you need not fear ye impression will lie long on yr hands; the 
arguments you have drawn up in defence of 1> Strafford's conduct 
in some particulars y* are objected to him seem to me very just & 
clearly & strongly exprcss'd, but if I may take y e liberty of giving 
you ray opinion you have confined y r self too much by bringing them 
into y r dedication to L* Malton, whose zeal for y« true intefrest] of 
his Country, the worth of his private character, [and] well piae'd 
generosity as a Patron &c, will afford subject enough for y< part of 



PKEFACE. vii 



yr work & I think ought not to be passed by at a time w n it must 

be own'd the moral taste is not very fashionable. Your defence 

also of Ld Strallbrds conduct might be somew* enlarg'd,. I imagine, 

by y e assistance of y c letters & you w d probably meet with some 

circumstances in the historians of y l remarkable period for yr purpose, 

I remember a passage in Dr. Welwood's memoirs, by w c » it plainly 

appears yt his principal Accuser (& I suppose y p rest of y c purty of 

w ch Mr. Pym was a leader) hod resolved to endeavour his ruiue long 

before it was possible for him to give them any just grounds; this is 

•y c passage in Welwood p. 45." When the Earl, then Sir Tho s 

i Wentworth was upon making his peace with y° Court, he gave Mr. 

I Pym some obscure intimation of it. Pym understanding his drift 

< stopd him short with this expression, You need not use all this art to 

I tell me y* you have a mind to leave us: But remember w 4 1 tell you, 

I you are going to be undone: & remember yt though you leave us 

^now I will never leave you while yr head is upon yr shoulders. I 

shall not trouble you with any other apology for y e freedom I have 

us'd with you on this occasion except yt of y c obligation J thought 

myself under to give you my opinion with sincerity w ch is too often 

an excuse for impertinence in others as well as, Sir, 

u Yr oblig'd hmble servt 

" Henby Goddakd. 

" P.S. The length and dullness of my Ire may I fancy have prepaid 
you to relish y e following piece of wit : 

11 A receipt to preserve a Man 
" Set him in y e Sunshine of a Court till his Volatile Spirits are 
evaporated, take his Reason and place it under a Shade till it is 
perfectly cool. Consult y 1 ' Herbal to find in a proper soil an arm- 
full of yc following Spring-flowers, Youth, Beauty & cheerfulness, 
then take two Summer Plants Economy & Serenity & mix these 
well together with an equal quantity of self denyal & discretion; 
when y r man is fitly prepaid add these ingredients to him & set him 

a Memoirs of tbc most material transactions in England for the last hundred year 
preceding the Revolntion in 1688, hy Janus Welwood, M.D. 1700, p. 48. 



Vlii PREFACE. 

in a quiet place till they are all incorporated together & you will find 
He is com plea tly Preserved. 

" N.B. This is a Sweetmeat delicate to y e eye hut exquisite toy* 
Taste. Confectioners often miscarry by putting sower & bitter into 
y e composition, the best rec' is at Marston in y e good Ladys own 
keeping & the sweetest flowers for y e use are thought to grow at 
Oswaldkirk. [This was pinnd into the Lady's rec f -book by her 
husband]. 

"Direct to me at Foston near York, to be left at Mr. Stainton's 
on ouse-bridire in York. 

O 

"To 

"The Revd. Dr. Knollcr 

at the Right Iloiiblc the Earl of 
Maltou's at Wentwortli House, 

near Rotherhani, 

Yorkshire." 



Dr. Knowler replied to Mr. Goddard in the following letter, of 
which a rather illegible draft is preserved amongst his papers. 

" Sir, 

" I am much obliged to you for your kind Letter, and the 
trouble you so generously offer to undertake to complete the Col- 
lection of my Lord S t ratio rde's Letters. Those that you have are 
undoubtedly his, but four or five of them are imperfect, & want a 
complementary Introduction of four or five lines. I could wish 
you would look into y l from S r Arthur Hop ton, Nov. 24, 163S, 
about y c middle you will find this Passage, / must not neglect to 
tell your Lordsliip, that I find very good Inclinations brought 
hither from 308 concerning 411. Who 308 is I am uncertain, 
perhaps vou may have it in words, 411 is the Prince Palatine outed 
at the time of his Patrimony. My Lord Strafforde's Reply to this 
in your Copy is imperfect, it begins with a Passage concerning 
Tyreonel, an Irish Hebell & Fugitive, and in speaking of him is 
used some Cypher, which I am forced to turn into Asterisk, not 



PREFACE. IX 

knowing how to read it. I shall bo obliged to you for a Copy of 2 
of my L d Str. Letters — 

" Feb. 10, 1638, to Cottington, and 

11 Feb. 28, 1638, to L' 1 Admiral. 

11 These I never saw, tho' they are to two favourites, whom his 
Lordship would be open to, & they fall in a critical time, which 
makes me mare inquisitive & desirous to see them. I shall not 
trouble you for any more, because it is not intended to publish every 
Letter, but the Principal ones; there is four or five times the 
number of Letters uncopied for one transcribed. & yet I believe 
those that shall glean them over again wont find many things 
material omitted. 

" Historians give a Letter of y c 4th of May to the King 8 & give 

very different Reasons for it, some others strong desire to 

settle y G Peace of y c Kingdom, as the letter itself bears, Sir John 
Wentworth, art ; where S r John Wentworth learnt my Lord Straf- 
forde y e son had it, I know not, but neither my Lord nor his 
Father ever saw it. 

" The first Reason depends upon y e credit of S r W" Balfour, the 
second is contradicted by his dying Speech, where he begs the 
Audience to consider, w r the beginning of a Reformation sh a be 
written in blood, that he thinks they are in a wrong way: and the 
o a He was not capable of. Indeed the whole is contradicted by y 
ejaculation of his upon the Bill's being past, Put not your trust in 
Princes, hinting at y c story's solemn Promise, that he should not 
suffer in Life, Honour or Estate. However be it as it will I have 
no thoughts of cntring into disquisitions of this nature, my business 
being solely to copy and print faithfully, & then leave the world to 

■ The authenticity of the letter is attacked by Carte, Life of Ormond, eil. 1851, 
vol. i. pp. 275-278. He affirms it to lie a forgery, and quotes a report that the 
second Earl of Strafford used to say that his father told him, on the night before 
his death, that " he had never wrote any such letter, and that it was a mere forgery 
of his enemies, in order to misguide the King to consent to his death." But the 
evidence of Sir George Radciiffe is conclusive proof of its genuineness. See 
Gardiner, History of England, ix. 3G1, where the question is discussed. 

CAMD. SOC. b 



X PREFACE. 

judge from these Letters wrote when the things were in agitation 
long before any Impeachment was thought of or feared. Whether 
his Lordship had these traiterous Intentions in every act he did 
which the Articles charge him with. This point 'tis true is already 
cleard up in his Answers upon Trial in Rushworth's Collection, but 
that is so long as I fear f^w have patience to read it, otherwise I 
think it would give them full satisfaction. But 1 must have done 
& not tresspass too far upon your good nature. I have no such 
Eeceipts to send back you gave me. & but little News, perhaps it 
may not be disagreeable to Lady W. to know, .Mr. TYVilijye cc his 
Lady are expected in a few days at Eewerficld, they have loft 
Scotland above a week, but this 'tis probable is no News to her 
Ladyship. Pray make my Compliments at Housham, and return 
my thanks for this favour, as I heartily do to yourself & am 
u Your obliged humble Servt, 

" W. Know[leb]. 

" TYentworth House, 
"Oct. 22 J , 17o7/' 

In a second letter which is not now in existence, Mr. Goddard 
sent copies of the two letters to Cottington and Northumberland, 
as desired by Dr. Knowler. They are printed on pp. 7. 8. He 
also added a list of several others which were amongst Sir John 
Wentworth's papers." ' 

■ As the originals are at present inaccessible, a list of those letters which are not 
iu the printed collection is subjoined : — 

(1). The Lord Deputy to the Lord Keeper npon his requesting that Lord Holland 
might be examined its a witness in the Star Chamber case betwixt him and Sir Pier* 
Crosby, dated Dublin, Dee. 10, 163S. 

(2). To the Lord Keeper, 1G April, 1639, on the same subject. 

(3). To the Lord Admiral, April 15, 1039. 

(4). To Lord Cottington, April IG, 1639. 

(5). To Sir Henry Vane, Dublin, April 29, 1G39. 

(G). To Sir Henry Vane. Dublin, 11 May, 1639. 

(7). 24th May, Strafford to — (no address). 

(S). To the Lord Admiral. i'G May, 1C39, Dublin. 

(9). To Sir H. Vane, Dublin, 30 May. 1639. 



PREFACE. XI 

Dr. Knowler acknowledged the copies and enclosures in the 
following letter : — 

" Dear Sir, 

u I return you now not only my own, but what is much more 
valuable, my Lord Malton'a thanks for y c trouble you have taken 
about y e E. of Str. Letters. I drew out a List of those not 
transcribed & presented it to his Lordship, who upon consulting his 
books over again found every one of them, & told me, He had 
passed over them by design, & did not think them proper to be 
made publick at present. Indeed there was y* care taken by my 
L d Str. himself in having his Letters entered into Books, y 1 I am 
now persuaded there are none but w* my Lord Mai ton has, and 
those which have been copied by some particular friends have not 
been copied entirely, but y c principal parts only, as these of S r 
John's appear to be by y e beginnings of them, the Letter you sent 
of 28 feb. 38' to y L ' L d Adm. has some pretty flowers in it, yet y r 
matter is much y c same w th y* of y c 10 of the same month & year. 
How y e Q. was instrumental to Straffordc's Death I am not able to 
say/ but this I know that there was no love lost between them. 
He c a not be at her superstitious worship, & had disobliged her in 
not suffering the Papists to resort to S* Patrick's Well in Ireland 
for miraculous cures, & I am persuaded all of that party rejoiced at 
his Death. I know nut yet on w- footing they will be published, 
can't guess at the Price of a Copy, nor y c Number, but be thev 
more or less I doubt not but to be able to procure any number for 
your friends, & I believe they won't think their money ill laid out. 
I am entirely against Subscriptions, so that there will be no need of 
any application till it be near finished, & then y c quicker thev are 
called for, the better certainly for me, & I will make bold to trouble 
you with a Letter when y* time comes. On Wednesday morning 

a The notion that the Queen was instrumental to Strafford's death is founded on 
the mistaken belief that she was his enemy; any hostility to Strafford on her part had 
ceased to exist long before his trial. Sec Gardiner, History of England, ix. 366. 



Xll PREFACE. 

Lady M. was safely delivered of a d. The day is highly honoured 
by the birth of the Princess Louisa the dutchess of Cleveland & 
now of y e Lady H. W. I made your compliments to Mr. Wellby. 
lie intends for London after X st mas & I hear has some hopes of 
sitting. 

" I am, D r Sir, vour obliged humble seiV, 

" W n K." 



ERRATUM. 



Page v., line 1 of footnote, for Rev. John Knowler, LL.D., 

read Rev. William Knowler, LL.D. 



PAPERS RELATING TO THOMAS WENTWOKTH, 
FIRST EARL OF STRAFFORD. 



PAGE. 
I. — Sir Thomas "Wentworth to Sir Robert Askwith, 

Dec. 7, 1620 ..... 2 

II. — The Lord Mohun to the Lord Deputy, Nov. 30, 

1633 ...... 3 

III. — Sir Francis Windebanke to the Lord Deputy, Oct, 

22, 1635 ..... 4 

IV. — The Lord Deputy to my Lord Cottington, Feb. 10, 

1638 ...... 7 

V.— The Lord Deputy to the Lord Admiral, dated 

Dublin, 2Sth of February, 1638 . . 8 

VI. — A perfect narrative of the days and times of the 
Larl of Straliorde's first and second Journeys 
from Ireland into England ; as also of his Lord- 
ship's Journey from London to the North, and 
so back to London, 1639, 1640 . . 11 

VII. — Mr. John Cooke to the Lord Lieutenant of Ireland 14 

VIII. — How the King should behave when the Bill of 
Attainder against the Earl of Strafforde is pre- 
sented to him for the Royal Assent . . 20 



CAMD. SOC. 



PArERS RELATING TO THOMAS WENTWOETH 



I. 

S r Thomas Wentworih, Bar 1 , to S r Robert Askwilh, K'. 

Sir, 

Having been enjoined by some of my nearest friends to stand at 
this Election for Knight for the Parliament with S r George Calvert 
his Majesty's Principal Secretary, and having now declared our- 
selves, are to try the affection of our friends, among which number 
I have of long esteemed yourself to be unto me well assured. I 
must therefore hereby move you very effectually, earnestly to solli- 
cite all your neighbours and friends that you have interest in, in 
York, to give their voices with us at this next choice, which is to 
be made, upon Christmas day, which your kind and respectfull 
endeavours, as I shall ever be mindfull to requite, as an argument 
of your true a flection towards me, and in the nature of an espcciall 
curtesy, so will 1 undertake, when I come at London (for I know 
we shall have you a Member of the House) to carry you to Mr. 
Secretary, make you known to him, not procure you only many 
Thanks from him, but that you shall hereafter find a readiness and 
cheerfulness to do you such good Offices as shall lie in his way 
hereafter. Lastly, I hope to have your Company with me at Dinner 
that day, where you shall be most welcome. And so desiring 
answer, I remain your very assured and affectionate friend, 

Th. "Wentworth.* 

"Wentworth Woodhouse, 
Dec. 7, 1620. 



a Sec Strafford Letters, i.-ll, where this letter was originally to hare been printed. 
On second thoughts Dr. Knowler, or possibly Lord Malton, decided to omit it. 



FIRST EAKL OF STRAFFORD. a 

II. 
The Lord Mohun to the Lord Deputy. 

Mr arosT honoured Lord, 

Your great and weighty cause received two days ; the first in 
proofs, the second in censure. Your envious and ingrate enemy 
(as may they all be) is utterly confounded. Your Honour is 
advanced and sett off to that politick advantage as the mouths of 
the clamorous are stopped, -and the hearts of your hidden Enemies 
are convicted, as conscious of your Integrity and Honour. The 
Court had a full Presence both days, though, unfortunately, my 
Lord Cottington's sickness held him thence, delations of particulars 
are so exactly given your Lordship by others as (though 1 have 
quoted all) I spare them as tilings which I fear would be imperti- 
nent and troublesome. 

Some observations of discernings between man and man in 
passage of the censure shall in due time be rendred by your 
servant. Let envy now mutter, she dare not talk. It was a brave 
chosen cause, and directed by God for future ends of his own glory 
in you. 

I have also dived into the heads of the ablest Irish here, with 
whom 1 have had good Relation since my Lord Chichester's time, 
in accusation of whom they were then imployed. And, I protest, 
my Lord, for ought 1 can discern, they all contribute their generall 
affections to your Lordship's praise and honour, and vow they have 
not greater hope in the Gods* than in your \Yisdom and Worth, 
for the Reduction of that Country from Barbarism to Civility. 

My Lord, your servant is now settled with his family in London 
expecting your Commands, wherein he may do service, for other- 
wise lie will assume the modesty to be spare in writing, knowing 
how flat a tiling Complement is, to a man of your Fire and Xature. 
That Modesty shall shorten these sudden lines, whose closure must 
give your Lordship this assurance (that for ought your servant can 
yet discern, for my Lord is not yet in London), the house of Clare 



4 PAPERS RELATING TO THOMAS WENTWORTH, 

stands affected as it was, which I beseech your Lordship believingly 
to receive from the assured Faith and Duty of 
Your Lordships 

Most humble Servant, 

J. Okehampton a 

Nov brIj nit , 1G33. 



III. 

[This letter marks one of the stapes of the quarrel between Strafford 
and Richard Boyle, Earl of Cork. Cork was cited before the 
Castle Chamber for illegally possessing himself of Church lands — 
the lands belonging to the College of Youghal being specified. The 
progress of the case is noted in Strafford's Letters (vol. i. pp- 305, 
347, 370, 449). A detailed history of it is given in the diary of the 
Earl of Cork recently printed by Dr. Grosart (Lismore Papers, 
Series I, vol. iv. pp. 40, 53, 59, 61, 6S, 83, 106, 113-118). Find- 
ing himself in danger of a heavy sentence, Cork sought to obtain 
leave to come over to England, and submit himself and his cause to 
the King (ibid. pp. 117, 125). On Oct. 20, 1635, his messenger 
returned with letters in his favour, including that from YVindebrmke 
which is now printed. The letters, says Cork, " signified his 
Majesty's pleasure that when all examinations in the Starr Chamber 
sute were taken and published, and that the Lord Deputy had 
certefied the state of the cawse and his opynon therof, that then I 

• 

• John Mohun of Bocounock, Cornwall, -was created Lord Mohan of Okchampton, 
co. Devon, 13 April, 1628, and died in 1644 (Dugdale Baronage, p. 461). See 
Forster"s Life of Sir John Eliot, patsim. The cansc mentioned is the suit hetween 
WentuorthaudSirBavidruulis. SeeKuilnw>rth,ii.215; Strafford Letters, i. 145,167. 



FIRST EABL OF STRAFFORD. O 

should be licensed to carry them over and present them to his 
Majesty, and submitt myself to his own censure. I delivered those 
two letters to the Lord Deputy, who was veary muche offended with 
me for procuring them, as if I had appealed from his justice, and 
from the power and integretic of this State, affirming he Avould wryte 
to answer his Majesty and alter that direction if he could and would 
reccav a new command from the King cr he would obey this ; we 
discoursed privately in his gallery three howres at the least and in 
conclusion he promised me to forbear doin<r or writing anything till 
his certeficate was prepared till after examination and publication" 
(ibid. p. 130). Strafford however had before this, on 2G August, 
1G35, written to Laud arguing very strongly in anticipation against 
the course of action ordered in Windebank's letter (Strafford Letters, 
i. 459). He now wrote a brief Jetter to the King, pointing out that 
the directions given in Windebank's letter were directly contrary to 
those given him in a letter of Oct. 4, from Laud, and asking which 
he Was to follow (ibid. p. 477). He succeeded apparently in 
obtaining power to proceed with the case, or to stav further 
proceedings as he thought fit. The Earl of Cork was eventually 
obliged to pay a fine of £15,000, to avoid public disgrace and a 
heavier sentence. u I prayed him to consider well," says Cork, 
" whether in justice he could impose so great a fyne upon me. 
Whereunto he replyed, Gods wounds, sir. "When the last Parliament 
in England brake upp, you lent the King fifteen thousand pounds. 
And afterward in a very uncivill unmannerly manner you pressed 
his Majestic to repay it you. Whereupon I resolved, before I came 
out of England to fetch it back againe from you, by one meanes or 
other. And now I have gotten what I desired, you and I wilbe 
fronds hereafter" (Lismore Papers, Series II. iii. 257).] 



6 PAPERS RELATING TO THOMAS WENTWOBTH, 

Mr. Secretary Windebank to the Lord Deputy,* 
My Lokd, 

His Majesty hath been pleased to command me to acquaint your 
Lordship -with a proposition lately made to him by the Lord 
Chamberlain and the Earl of Salisbury in favour of the Earl of 
Corke; who having offered to submit the business, for which he is 
now questioned, entirely to his Majesty, and to make such acknow- 
ledgements of his offence, and pay such sums of money by way of 
Pecuniary Mulct, and to restore to the Church such lands and 
possessions as he is charged to leave unduely gotten from it, as his 
Majesty shall think fit, when the cause shall be certified by your 
Lordship. And lastly, that this shall be done with such reservations 
of Respect and Honour as are due to your Person, and to the 
Place you hold under his Majesty there, humbly imploring your 
favour and concurrence herein. Their Lordships have hereupon 
been humble Suitors to his Majesty to take these Offers into his 
Princely Consideration, and to remitt only that part of the publick 
censure, which carries with it not only a present but a future note 
and stain to remain upon Record to Posterity upon him and his 
house. His Majesty therefore, well weighing these Offers, and in 
his goodness liking well this dutifull Submission, which deserves 
some mitigation, especially in a person of his quality now in the 
declination of his years, and that heretofore had so eminent a part 
in the government of that Kingdom, and finding them not altogether 
disproportionate to his offence as it now stands charged, hath 
commanded me to signify his pleasure to your Lordship, that 
immediately upon Publication had in this cause, you make certificate 
thereof, and of the true State of this Business to his Majcstv, and 
that you forbear to proceed to an hearing untill you shall have 
demanded of him, whether he will fully and freely submitt to his 

a The Strafford Letters contain the Lord Deputy's answer to this letter, which is 
addressed to the King (i. 477; see also pp. 449, 459, 479). 



FIRST EARL OF STRAFFORD. 7 

Majesty or not ; which if he do, then you arc to suffer the said 
Earl of Corke (otherwise not, but to proceed against him according 
to Law) to repair hither immediately into England (any former 
signification of his Majesty's Pleasure to the contrary notwithstand- 
ing) to give his personal attendance upon his Majesty, that so his 
Majesty may receive from himself such submissions and satisfactions 
as shall be thought fit. In the meantime, his Majesty expects that 
together with that Certificate your Lordship shall send your advice, 
what Sum of Money, and what other satisfaction it is fit he should 
give both to his Majesty and to the Church, together with what- 
soever else your Lordship shall find most conducing to his Majesty's 
Honour and Advantage. His Majesty is pleased to yield thus far 
at the Intercession of the Lord Chamberlain and xhe Earl of 
Salisbury, who desire nothing but to preserve this nobleman, now 
so nearly allied to their family, from publiek disgrace; which his 
Majesty holds not unreasonable upon the motives and grounds 
before represented. 

This being all I have in charge from his Majesty at this time, I 
present my humble service to your Lordship and rest 
Your Lordship's 

Most humble & faithful] servant, 

Fran: Windebank. 

Westminster. 
Oct. 22, 1635. 



IV. 

Tlie Lord Deputy to my Lord Cottington, dated lJublin, Feb. 10, 

1638." 

I am extremely overjoyed to understand of the greate forwardness 
expressed in England towards his Majesty on this great occasion, 
and his Majesty's so speedy advancing to Yorke will give a greate 

• Copied by GodJard from Sir John Wentworth's papers and sent to Dr. Kuowkr; 
see preface, p. ix. 



8 PAPERS RELATING TO THOMAS WEKTWOETH, 

countenance to tlic cause itself; all here are for peace, and the Scots' 
amongst us very quiet, but, however, wee will bee watchfull over 
thein. Our standing army of 3, 000 horse and foote are in good 
condition ; I shall have by Whitsontide eight thousand spare armes, 
twelve field pieces, and eight great ordinance ; I am commanded to 
quicken my Lord of Antrim to have his forces in readiness, but I 
protest I neither know nor can I learne of any he hath, I knowing 
that this terine an extent goes against all his lands for three 
hundred pounds. It's appointed mce to furnish him with armes 
but were it not best think you to kecpc them for ourselves, at 
least unless we know how to be paid for them, etc., 

Wbntworth. 



The Lord Deputy to' the Lord Admiral, dated Dublin, 28th of 
February, 163&. a 

The use that's made of my absense I feclc most sufficiently, and 



a This letter was scut by Henry Goddard to Dr. Knowler ; see preface, pp. tL, Lx. 
The list of letters which he gives includes several to Vane and Northumberland, 
printed in vol. ii. of the Strafford Papers. 

Lord Holland had for some time been hostile to Wentworth, and had carried 
stories against him to the King (Strafford Letters, ii. 125, ]£'.•)• He objected to be 
examined as a witness in Wentworth's case against Mr Tiers Croabj in the Star 
Chamber, and pleaded his privilege as a Privy-councillor {ibid., 230. 277). Though 
be was finally compelled by the King's command to give evidence, it does not appear 
to have been of much value (p 307). See the reports of Crosby's ca>e, Rnsb worth, 
vol. iii- 8S8-90O, Cal. State Papers. Dom. 1039. Wentworth had also just received 
from the Earl of North amber laud, then Lord Admiral, the news that, thanks to 
the influence of the Queen and the Marquis of Hamilton, Holland had been 
made General of the Horse, for the northern expedition, in place of Essex (Strafford 
Letters, ii. 270). "With reference to Wilmot, an old opponent of the Lord Deputy, 
the latter observes iu a letter to Northumberland, "The cmleavonres I bear to 
bring in my Lord Wilmot and some arc pleased to affect it the rather, as^that 
which would much displease me " {ibid., p. 2Su). 



FIRST EARL OF STRAFFORD. 9 

in consideration of it had once obtained leave to come over this 
spring; but since his Majesty hath ordered my stay, which I shall 
readily submit to. The question betwixt my Lord Holland and me 
touching his examination by him avoided by mee pressed is not so 
much whether I shall have any advantage by it as whether 1 shall 
have it at all or noe, so as to my understanding I have granted as 
much as I coveted, although not in so full a manner as I ought to 
have had it, and yet why his Lordship should boast so much of his 
gains good faith I see not, onely little things pleaseth some folks, 
and [ am willing it should be so providing I suffer not by it. The 
cause were very barren out of which that noble gentleman could not 
fetch something to magnifie himselfe by, and a happyness perchance 
it's to some natures that can delight and entertain themselves with 
small things, with these nowc and then a gathering of cockle shells 
on the Germain Coaste is a conquest of Britain; but his Lordship is 
able to do yet more, can gather glory to himselfe by making my 
Lord W'ilmot Governour of Newcastle, nay that he had many yeares 
since obtained of his Majesty the making my Lord \Vilmot a 
Barron of England, his Lordship may go on, as Sir K. Swift said to 
a gentleman that had extremely wearied all the company with a 
most tedious and impertinent discourse, but for all that his Lordship 
shall be examined, and find it a very hard matter to slip from under 
my fingers, but I shall advantage my cause as much bv the setting 
forth his priviledgc as a Councillor to the concealing of a truth as if 
he had ingeniously and nobly expressed it. 

It troubles me to find your Lordship no better satisfied as to the 
councells and purposes now a f'oote for the defence of his Majesty 
and these Kingdoms; those great armies we speake of will I believe 
leave most men to seeke where the money can be raised that must 
defray them, for this not well foreseene aud provided for, to brinee 
so greate a number together & leave them for the nccessitys of life 
to plunder our own country were a remedy worse than the disease, 
& no meanes as yet being settled in that important point motives 
me to be of opinion his Majesty is of beliefe that by the name of 

CAilD. SOC. C 



10 PAPERS RELATING TO THOMAS WENTWORTH, 

those greatc armies and some other private intelligences he hath 
there is yet (in the King) - some hopes of allaying the storme and 
quieting the watters, wherein I beseecne God lie may not find him- 
selfe mightily mistaken, and so indeed dangerously mistaken, and 
that his Majesty's greate secresie turn not in a business of so many 
pecces mightily to the prejudice of his affaires ; for he must be a 
fortunate servant indeed as well as wise that untaught, unguided by 
his Master's word and directions, can be able to serve according to the 
mind and liking of his superiors; it would be well for our greate 
chiefs that whilest they speakc of these powerfull armies they would 
not scorn to take care oH lesser matters which may bee effected, 
especially the securing of Carlisle and Berwick; good my Lord, press 
the King home in it especially to secure Berwick; it's reported four 
thousand arc to be put into Newcastle, what I beseech your Lord- 
ship is your opinion if brought together under that pretence they seize 
upon Barwick, which they may march day and night too having 
their vituals carried by sea; certainly this would be a greate 
security to the English and a greate reputation to his Majesty's 
prudence and conduct: the bringing in the Earl of Holland was a 
strain of power God knows to little purpose considering that I 
do not take him to be so learned a Doctor in the Art as shoud 
render him worthy to be contended for to the discontentment of 
those who were placed before and every way as deeply skilled 
in the practise and profession as himselfe ; but now it's done 
if I may speake it without offence to his Lordship's imaginary pleni- 
potence, I am most confident it's more done than Holland's power 
was able to do for himself alone, and that he owes the glory of it 
checfly to the Marquess'' — it's not my opinion without grounds that 
the Marquess reserves some private expedient communicable only 
with the King, whereby he fcedes perchance the passion that most 

■ Note by Mr. Goddard: 

" N.B. Tbc Moras above in the King, tbo' vi-it exactly as I have transcribed thciu, 
in tbe copy, I look upon as a wise remark of Sir John Wentworth's by -way of 
explanation." 

b i.e. the Marquis of Hamilton. 



FIRST EARL OF STRAFFORD. 



11 



reigns in us with a belicfc to wind up all in conclusion with peace; 
so long as he keeps all in that temper, he is sure to have a full 
measure of grace and trust; but when wee shall to our costs feele 
ourselves disappointed of that expectation, and by that means be 
cast fearfully bchinde in the way to our preservation (which on my 
faith I believe will prove true), then perchance we may give our eyes 
the liberty to look about them, and shall plainly discern that our- 
selves which we will not allow any other so much as to point at, etc. 

Wejntwouth. 



VI. 



A perfect account of the days and times of the Earl of Strafforde 's 
first and second Journeys from Ireland into England ; as also of 
his Lordship's Journey from London to the Nortli, and so bach to 
London, as folloiceth : — 



My Lord's first 
Journey from Ire- 
land, Sept. 1G39. 
[By Mr. Littell]. 



Upon thursday y c 12 lh of September, 1G39, 
his Lordship came from Dublin, took Ship, 
and landed upon friday y e 13 th ; that nio-ht to 
Chester. 

Saturday the 14 th to Cholmondley. 

Sunday the la tU to Stone. 

Monday the 16 th to Litchfield. 

Tuesday the 17 lh to Coventry. 

Wednesday y c IS' 1 ' to Daventry. 

Thursday the 10* to Stony Stratford. 

Friday the 20 th to S* Albans. 

Saturday the 21 st to London to his Lord- 
ship's House in Covent Garden. 

His Lordship remained at London until 

from London to thursday the 5 th of Mar. 1G39, on which day 

Ireland, Mar. his Lordship began his Journey towards Ire- 

1G39. land, and in three laid Coaches came y c s d 

5 th of March to Stony Stratford. 



My Lord's Journey 



12 PArERS RELATING TO THOMAS WEKTWORTH, 

Friday the 6 th of March to Daventry. 

Saturday the 7 th to Coventry. 

Sunday y c 8 th after Sermon and Dinner to 
Litchfield. 

Monday y e 9 !h to Stone. 

Tuesday the 10 ,h to Chester. 

Wednesday y e 11 th to Hollywell. 

Thursday y c 12 th to Conway. 

Friday y e 13 th to Place Newith in Wales. 
S r Art. Tirringham's. 

Saturday the 14"' ibidem. 

Sunday 15 th ibidem. 

Monday the lG th to Lea. 

Tuesday y c 1 7 th at Lea. 

Wednesday the 18 th to Dublin, and there 

his Lordship staid untill Good Friday the 3 d 

of Apr. 1640. 

My Lord's 2 d Jour- Upon friday the 3 d of April 1G40, his 

ney from Ireland, Lordship came from Dublin, took Ship, and 

Apr. 1640. landed upon the day following, beino- Easter 

Eve the 4 th ; about 12 o'clock at night his 

Lordship came sick to Chester, and there 

continued sick at the Bishop's house all the 

week following, untill Saturday the 11 th , 

and y 1 night in a Litter to Mr. Wilbraham's 

house at Namptwich. 

Sunday the 12 th of April in S r Thomas 
Delves his Litter to Stone, and so all the way 
to Lond. in y e same Litter. 

Monday the 13 th to Litchfield. 

Tuesday the 14 th to Coventry. 

Wednesday the 15 th to Daventrv. 

Thursday the 16 th to Stony Stratford. 

Friday y e 17 th to St. Alb.ms. 



FIRST EARL OF STRAFFORD. 13 

Saturday y c 18 Ul to London, to my Lord 
of Leicester's House, where his Lordship re- 
mained from the said 1 " 18 of Apnl until 
Monday the 24 th of August following, and 
the most part of that time very dangerously 
sick. 
My Lord's Journey Monday y e 24 th of Aug. in laid Coaches to 

to the North, Huntingdon. 

Aug. 1640. Tuesday y c 25 th to Newark. 

Wednesday y c 26 th to York. 

Thursday 27 th ibid. 

Fryday y c 28 t ' 1 towards night his Lor Iship 
being sickly to Topcliffe. 

Saturday y e 29 rh to Darington. 

Sunday ibid- 
Monday y e 31 st back to North Allerton w th 
y e Army. 

Tuesday y e 1 st of Sept. to Topcliffe. 

"Wednesday the 2 d to Tollerton. 

Thursday the 3 d to York. 
And back to His Lordship continued at York from the 

London, Nov. 1640. said third of September until Monday the 2 (i 
of Nov. that night late to his Lordship's 
House at Wentworth Woodhouse. 

Tuesday the 3 (1 , Wednesday y e 4 th , and 
Thursday y e 5 th ibidem. 

Fryday y e 6 th at Newark. 

Saturday y c 7 th at Stamford. 

Sunday y e 8 th at Huntingdon. 

Monday y e 9 th of Nov. his Lordship came 
of Horseback to Koyston, and in two laid 
Coaches from thence to London. 



14 PAPERS RELATING TO THOMAS WENTW0RTH, 

VII. 

[The John Cooke who addressed the following letter to Strafford 
was the man who afterwards as solicitor for the Commonwealth 
conducted the case for the prosecution during the trial of Charles I. 
A royalist newspaper, Mercurius Elenticus No. 5G, published in 
1649 a somewhat scandalous sketch of Cooke's early life. After 
describing him as leaving England for Ireland from reasons very 
much to his discredit, it continues " Xow in Ireland we have him 
strutting in his plush and velvet, cringing for acquaintance and 
screwing into the favour of the Earl of Strafford, who at length 
took notice of his fair deportment, and saw something in him that 
might deserve his countenance, but all this while knew none of his 
qualities; nevertheless the statutes at large being then to be printed 
the Lord Deputy commits the care thereof to this Cooke, whom he 
appoints to revise the same and sec they were faire and truly 
printed. And deposited a large summc of moneys in his hands to 
defray the charge of printing. But this worshipful gentleman- 
instead of correcting the prooves proves the second time a publique 
trecherous knave, for he run into Italy with the monev, where he 
became a papist." For the mere fact of the identity of the Cooke 
employed in Ireland with the solicitor for the Commonwealth this 
evidence seems sufficient. The references to Geneva, and other 
places where the regicide is known to have been durino- his travels 
serve to complete the proof] 

Mr. Cooke to the Lord Lieutenant of Ireland. 
Right Honourable, 

1 owe your Lordship more than I am worth for the r-racious 
aspect vouchsafed me in Ireland, where had I not been wanting to 
myself I might have passed that time in a comfortable practise, 



FIRST EARL OF STRAFFORD. 15 

which has been spent in a disconsolate Pilgrimage. However, no 
man honours you more than myself, who do as cordially pray for 
your Lordship's Happiness as ever I did for my own Recovery, and 
not knowing how better to express my humble Duty than by 
presenting my humble mite (which is but as the pissing of a Wren 
to the Sea of your learned Counsell's Experience) I presume, in the 
lowest Degree of Humility that dutifull observance can imagine, to 
beseech your Honour not to disdain these few abrupt considerations 
proceeding from an heart fraught with Zeal to do you service 
Quod si fenesiratum ford, cevneret Dominatio vestra have fixam 
hand jictavx fdem. Your Lordship though now confined, vet I 
hope like Gold refined your Integrity by this Trial will be more 
conspicuous. 

We young Lawyers conceive, that the Article, which most 
intrenches upon your Lordship is for supplanting and subverting 
Municipal Laws, and attempting to reduce all in the nature of a 
Lex Rcgia, which only the absolute Power of a Parliament can do. 
I lived in Ireland almost two years, and, si ex pede Hereulcm I 
believe your noble Soul is not guilty of any one such single Cogi- 
tation. I have known many that have felt the reviving Heat of 
your Lordship's speedy Justice, whose very Entrails now bless you; 
and if upon lamentable Petitions, that poor Suitors were not able to 
contest with the great ones in a circular course of Justice ytnir 
Lordship have justly relieved them (that Tantalus like have spent 
many years in other Courts) in a speedy way of Justice, certainly 
this is not supplantatio but plantatio, not subversio but sitpportatio 
Legis, for bis dat qui cito dat: Delay of Justice being a kind of 
Denial of Justice, it being speedy Justice, which like spcedv Reme- 
dies, cure the consumption of State. Your Lordship alwavs observed 
Quod dubiies ncfeceris, never making any Order till clearly resolved 
by the Reverend Judges, neither did your Lordship take cogni- 
zance of any causes but such as had been long depending in Courts 
of Justice, or those that concerned the Church, whereof there was 
great necessity, for that I have known Juries to go strangely against 



16 PAPERS RELATING TO THOMAS WEKTWOBTH, 

the Evidence in those matters. But dato non coacesso, 'tis clear 
that such an article is no Treason within the Statute of 25 E. 3, 4, 
as being rather an advancement than a depression of the King's 
Honour. For, if a Judge shall deny the View and Essoigns and 
other Legal Advantages this cannot he Treason, for, if the Common 
Pleas should hold Plea of Murder, it would be a nullity, but no dis- 
loyalty. And if that statute be only declaratory, yet there is a 
clause, that if any doubtfull case arise, the Determination thereof is 
referred to the next Parliament. For, no penal Statute is to be 
extended, the reason whereof is rendered in that famous arraignment 
of S r Nicholas Throckmorton recorded by Hollinshead in the Life 
of Queen Mary, that considering the private affection of the Judges 
in that they were men, and subject to Error, it would be dangerous 
to the subject to rcferr the extending construction of penal Statutes 
to them, which might cither through Fear of higher Powers be 
seduced, or by ignorance and folly abused. Which report containing 
much excellent learning about Treason is well worth your Lordship's 
second Readings It was doubted upon that Statute of 25, whether 
to go about to deprive the King were Treason, because the words 
are, imagine the Death of the King, without which Intention there 
might be a Deprivation, and thereupon Statutes were made Temp. 
Hen. 8 <Sc E. 6 to that purpose, as the Book is in Be Treason 24. 
And the putting of an old Seal to a new Patent is not Treason, with 
many other cases. That the Judgment in Treason being so 
ponderous, the Judges are not to extend any Laws beyond the 
genuine Interpretation, and if any one had gone about to deprive 
before those Statutes, although the next Parliament had made it 
Treason, yet such a patty would not have been guilty, because 
penal Laws are never retrospective, and a man may not regularly 
be attainted by Relation. Mutare formulas Legis non est Prodltio, 
saith Bartolus, quia non sunt dc Essentia Legis, for suum caique 
tribuere is the principal, and the several forms of proceeding are but 
-as the Cabinet to preserve the Jewell. All Justice is originally in 
the crown, and his Majesty constitutes his Judges, ut Labor ei esset 



FIRST EARL OF STRAFFORD. 17 

levior, and it is requisite, that every Magistrate should keep his own 
Jurisdiction, but if one pro zelo Justitia should encroach, this can 
be no traitorous Intention, for to make Justice pass with an easy 
charge, that those brambles of needless expence that grow about it 
might be rooted out, must needs be most beneficial to the Subject. 
Amulio Secretary to Grand Cosmio was accused quod proditorih 
Leges antiques Etruria violasset, qui respjondet ilium ecleriorem 
exequi Justiciam omissis Juris quisquilliis, cut concordatum est 
formulas Juris non esse ipsum Jus, and expedite Justice can no 
more be called Treason, than Mithridate may be called Poyson. 

That your Lordship should assume regal Power is very generally 
reported, but presumptive answer may stand for presumptive objec- 
tion. 'Tis true you were Lord Deputy not Assignee of Ireland, 
nothing in your own Plight, but loco Regis, non aliud est esse talem 
aliud est haberi pro tali. I conceive it is high. Treason to kill a 
Lord Deputy, as it is of a Prorex by the Civil Law, and I believe 
your Lordship never extended your Commission. That your Lord- 
ship hath born tod strict an hand in your Goverment. Who knows 
what bridle is best for any horse 'till he knows his conditions? the 
Asiatic must always be curbed, else all is lost. 1 know nothing, 
but whilst I was in Ireland the poor cried never so good a Lord 
Deputy before, as it was said of Pius Y felix est electio quia gaudent 
pauperes, those that durst not speak to your Lordship, ignorahant 
dementiam vestram, and in nil cases your Lordship did patenter 
audirc, persjdcuv diseemere, and reete judicare. 

That your Lordship did exercise Marshal Law tempore Paris : 
for which some say there are Precedents that is High Treason, quod 
non capio. For, exercising military Discipline being Bell urn rcpre- 
sentativum and done in forma Guerra?, the same proceedings may 
be used as in a real war ; (or, represent ans debet ei*e similis et par 
reprcesentato, the Copy to the Original, as to abuse the Picture of a 
Nobleman hath been punished in the Star-chamber; and the tender 
of a Gentlewoman's picture has been decreed to be good in the 
Court of "Wards for the double value of the marriage. And for 

CAM I). SOC. D 



18 PAPERS RELATING TO THOMAS WENT WORTH, 

Precedents S r Edward Cooke says, that duo sunt ad omnes res ton- 
firmandas instrumental saltern ratio et autltoriias'. in authority we 
fee by other men's eyes, in reason with our own, but sapientis est 
proprio lumine videre. It was formerly Murder to kill a man se 
defendendo, and some Judgments arc only Lex temporis ad unum 
intenta, qvee non debent train in cxemplum: but in all Treason 
there must be either some Inimicitia against the King, or that 
which the Civilians call Crimen Perduellionis, quando quis aliquid 
directe molitur contra Rempublicam talis est hostis Patrice, as was 
in D r Story 13 Q. Eliz* which tends to the Destruction of the 
King, for Majestas est major potestas: can a Lord Deputy committ 
Treason against the State of Ireland ? If your Lordship did mistake 
the Law, can that be Treason ? I conceive the Lord Kilmallotkes 
case did much more approximate the nature of Treason than your 
Lordship's. Stanley's case, tempore Hen 7, is not ad rem, for those 
Tfi and Ands did imply a doubt of the King's Title, which is crimen 
extbyandce Mujcstatis. Xor the Duke of .Norfolk's Case any jot 
parallel, and Brooke in his reading upon 25 Ed. o, 2G, to do 
Injustice no Treason. That 'your Lordship should tell a Peer of 
Ireland, that he should have no other Justice than what was in this 
breast. These words may admitt a fair construction; for Rex cen- 
setur habere omnes leges in scrinio pectoris sui, and your Lordship 
being Lieutenant may intend by that to do pure Justice, and S r 
August, lib. de Haer. cap. SG, defends Tertullian, quod dixerit 
Dcia?i habere corpus, nam potuil intelligere de corpore concerto, 
cum non sit quid ina?ie, sed omnino aliquid, et toiics ubique. no?i 
autem uii corpus discretum habens partes majores et mincres prout 
liabent corpora nostra, ergo non est Id asp/ton ia, quia melius est 
reddere Deo rationem de Misericurdia quam de Crudelitaie. And I 
know all good men desire your Lordship's Justification, that bein^ 
more honourable for all, as it is more credit for a Physician that his 
patient recover than to die under his hands. 

That your Lordship should be over-indulgent to the Catholicks 
more than what Reason of State did require, I do not believe, for I 



FIRST EAIIL OF STRAFFORD. 19 

knew your Lordship zealous to suppress Mass-1 louses in Dublin, 
which were converted to Temples, and if it be not too much pre- 
sumption I would say what Monsieur Provost of Geneve said not 
long since of your Lordship, Ce Seigneur quandil estoit icy parvvj 
nous avait une tres genereuse ame, et assurcment il estoit en Vested 
de Grace, from which there is no falling. What Acts are Treason 
our French Advocates discourse copiously; and Popham says that 
Wblfgangue, Treasurer to Maximilian, spent the Emperor four 
millions, and yet they could not proceed capitally against him. 
And that case in the 11th Report, fol. 91, that to embezzle Trea- 
surc-trouve should be Treason, is such a wasting whereby a King- 
dom is actually endamaged, and then causa causa est causa causati. 
Your Lordship's Sentence left with Monsieur Cardonie (who 
rejoices to show the Bed your Lordship lay in) Qui nimis notus 
omnibus ignolus moritur sibi* where there is this likewise, Quamvis 
injuria nullos. invidia viultos parit inimicos. 'Tis a high Presump- 
tion (unless your Lordship please to give it another name) thus to 
interrupt your serious affairs, but I hope your Lordship's Goodness, 
as it doth exceed your greatness, so it will excuse this boldness, and 
according to the Divine Nature (whose dear servant you are) accept 
of my afiectual desires because voluntas est mensura actionum, t)- 
impotentia excusat legem. I beseech your Lordship not to wrong 
my good meaning, to think that 1 do any wav presume to advise 
your sublime wisdom (though if Solomon should demand an Opinion, 
he should receive si non bonum saltern jidele consilium). This 

B "Among Milton's introductions at Geneva through Diodate or otherwise was 
one to the family of Camillo Oerdogni or Cardouin, a Neapolitan nobleman, who had 
been resident in Geneva since 1C0S as a Protestant refugee and a teacher in Italian. 
The family kept an album, in which they liked to collect autographs of strangers 
passing through the city, and especially of English strangers. Many Englishmen, 
and some Scotchmen, predecessors of Milton in the usual continental tour, Lad 
already left their signatures in this album, and among them no less a man than 
Wentwcrth. whose autograph appears in it under date 1612" (Mosson, Life of 
Milton, i. 833, ed. 1SS1). The album, according to Professor Masson, was once in 
the possession of Charles Sumner, and is still in America. Strafford's motto is from 
Seneca. Pope was fond of quoting the same lines (Courthope's Life of Pope, p. 72). 



20 PAPERS RELATING TO THOMAS WENTWOBTH, 

humble presentation of my service, being only what I can testify of 
it, might any way avail your Lordship, which is a Debt that I owe 
to Verity. I trust in God, your Lordship will acquit yourself, as did 
the Lord Wentworth 1 EHz. for which end my unhallowed prayers 
shall horarily attend your Honour. The Lord of Life multiply the 
days of your Lordship's Life, what Period better than Prayer. 
Je suis, 

Monseigneur, 

Vostre tres humble serviteur a jamais, 
John Cooke. 



viii. 

[This paper seems to have been written by Strafford himself, for 
the writer, whilst usually referring to Strafford as " the Earl," twice 
relapses into the first person and uses the word " me." It is undated, 
but from the mention of Strafford's letter of May 4, and of the 
passage of the Attainder Bill through both Houses, it must have been 
written on or after May 8, on the morning of which day the bill 
passed the Lords. At nine o'clock on the evening of the 9th the 
King at last gave way, and promised to pass the bill. The royal 
assent was actually given, by commissioners, on the morning of the 
10th. This paper therefore must have been written on the 8th or 
9th, most probably on the former day. Eushworth prints a letter 
from Strafford to his secretary, Guilford Slingsby (Trial p. 774). 
Unfortunately this letter also is undated, but it is said by Eushworth 
to have been written " immediately after the Bill of Attainder did 
pass both Houses." " Your going to the King," writes Strafford, 
4 ' is to no purpose, I am lost, my body is theirs, but my soul is 
God's; there is little trust in man, God may yet (if it please him) 
deliver me." Then he goes on to refer to some scheme which is his 



FIRST EARL OF STRAFFORD. 21 

last hope, such as it is. M The person you were last withal at Court 
sent to move that business we resolved upon, which if rightly 
handled might perchance do something ; but you know my opinion 
in all, and what my belief is in all these things." 

It is possible that Strafford was referring to some plan for his 
escape from the Tower. According to Sir "William Balfour's 
deposition of 2 June " the Earl of Strafford sent for him some three 
or four days before his death, and did strive to perswade him that 
he might make an escape; and said, for without your connivance I 
know it cannot be; and if you will consent thereto I will make you 
to have 20,000 pounds paid you besides a good marriage for your 
son'" (Husband's Exact Collection, p. 233). 

It is however more likely that lie referred to some such plan as the 
one described- in this paper. Strafford had evidently no great 
confidence in the success of the plan he refers to. " That business 
we resolved upon," I take to be the plan that the King should 
attempt to save Strafford's life by a guarantee that he should never 
again possess political authority or influence. The person who 
" sent to move that business " I suppose to be either Bristol or 
Savile, the prompters of the King's declaration of May 1 in which 
a similar compromise was offered. This paper resembles that 
declaration in some of its expressions and statements. Each alike 
insists on the tact that the King was present all through the trial 
and was not convinced by what he heard. Each alike insists on the 
necessity of respecting the King's conscience, and proposes the life- 
long exclusion of Strafford from power as the sole solution which 
unites satisfaction for the fears of the people with respect for the 
conscience of the King. It is the same policy developed and brought 
up to date, with one new argument in its' favour added, viz. the 



22 PArERS RELATING TO TIIOMAS WENTWORTH, 

unconstitutional pressure by which the Bill of Attainder had been 
carried. In obedience to the suggestion thus conveyed to him, and 
in order that the " business" might be "rightlY handled" Strafford 
seems to have drawn up these notes, " How the King should behave 
when the Bill of Attainder against the Earl of Strafford is presented 
to him." 

It was probably sent to the King on the night of the Sih of 
May. Strafford's letter to RadelifFe, written on the morning of the 
9th, is less hopeless than his letter to Slingsby. " Let us see the 
issue of to-morrow," he says (Whitakcr's Life of Sir George Kad- 
cliffe, p. 224). His only hope must have been in the possible 
success of the expedient propounded in this paper. " If the King 
will speak thus much resolutely, it is thought the Earl might yet 
be saved/' No doubt 'he expected that the King would at least 
make the attempt, though he can hardly have expected that it 
would succeed. Hence, what is otherwise unexplained, the sorrow- 
ful surprise with which Strafford received the news that the King 
had given his assent to the Bill. The news is said to have reached 
him through Sir Dudley Carlelon, one of the Clerks of the Council. 
" The Earl, amazed, seriously asked him whether his Majesty had 
passed the Bill, as not believing, without some astonishment, that 
the King would have done it. And being again assured that is 
was passed he arose from his chair, and standing up lift his eyes to 
Heaven, clapt his hand upon his heart, and said ' Put not your 
trust in Princes, nor in the sons of men, for in them there is no 
salvation/ " This story first appears, I believe, in William San- 
derson's History of the Life and Reign of King Charles, 165S. It 
is not in the " Brief and Perfect Pi elation " of Strafford's trial, pub- 
lished in 16-47, nor in L'Estrange's " Reign of King Charles/' pub- 



FIHST EAKL OF STKAFFOKD. 23 

lislicd in 1654, though L'Estrange is particularly full in his account 
of the passing of the Attainder Bill. 

Whitelocke's version of the story is copied almost verbatim from 
Sanderson. 

A third argument that this paper actually reached the King 
seems to be afforded by the King's letter to the House of Lords on 
May 11. He asks them to allow him to show mercy " by suffering 
that unfortunate man to fulfil the natural course of his life in a close 
imprisonment: yet so that if ever he make the least offer to escape, 
or offer directly or indirectly to meddle in any sort of public 
business, especially with me, by either message or letter, it shall 
cost him his life without further process" (Lords'* Journals, iv., 
245). Strafford's paper had suggested " A Bill to disenable me 
from all publick employments, or giving any counsel directly or 
indirectly, and if the Earl should offer any such thing to make it 
high treason, and he to suffer accordingly."] 

How the King should behave when tlie Bill of Attainder against the 
Karl of Strojj'ordc is presented to him for the Royal Assent. 

After the title of the Bill of Attainder read, first his Majesty to 
cause the Earl's letter of the fourth of May to be read. Then may 
his Majesty speak something to this purpose: That although here 
are the votes of both Houses, and the consent of the Party concerned 
for the passing of this Bill, yet his Majesty may not forbear to 
declare, that he hath found himself exceedingly perplexed in his 
thoughts, whether or no to give the Royal Assent to the Bill, 
wherein every man ought to be so charitable as to believe accord- 
ing as Truth is; that he doth and will verily preferr the Peace of 
his own Conscience above all other respects whatsoever; that his 
Majesty had been throwout at the hearing of the cause, and now in 
the conclusion must have the Libertv allowed him to direct his 



24 PAPERS RELATING TO THOMAS WENT WORTH, 

actions uprightly according to what he finds in his own heart. That 
he understands this Bill endured a great Debate in the Commons 
House, and finally a considerable Party gave their negative votes to 
the Bill, and amongst them most of the ablest and best learned 
Lawyers of the House. That likewise there were in the Upper 
House a very considerable Party of the Lords, which also voted 
against the Passing of the Bill. Which difference of opinions 
leaves a greater Latitude in his Majesty, with the same freedom to 
discharge his conscience as others in either House have done, and 
that more especially in regard it is immediately the King that owes 
an account to God for the Life of the very meanest of his subjects. 
Besides there are other two considerations which weigh very much 
with his Majesty, and which in his opinion set a great Prejudice 
upon this Bill. 

The first that the names of such as voted against the Bill in the 
Lower House were in an infamous manner posted up and down in 
several places of the town, to affright and take from men the free 
delivery of their own opinions, which to endeavour is in itself the 
greatest Breach of Parliament Privilege, and the most dangerous 
subverting of Fundamental Laws that can be, thus endeavour in <>• to 
corrupt the Fountains whence we receive and where all Laws are 
preserved. 

The second, that to the great scandal and offence of the Justice 
of the Land, the Lords have been in a tumultuary way pressed 
upon, sundry of them very uncivilly treated both in words and 
actions, others by those means absenting themselves to avoid the 
Danger, and others as may be thought less at Liberty to give their 
votes than otherwise they might have been. 

That he must profess, as in the Presence of God, he in his con- 
science holds the Earl of Straflorde free from any act or intention 
of Treason at all, and for those words charged and spoken in his 
Majesty's presence, he also avows them truly to have been spoken 
as the Earl hath set them forth in his answer and not otherwise. 
And as foi the bringing the Irish Army over to reduce this King- 



FIRST EARL OF STRAFFORD. . 2i> 

dom, there was never any such thing spoken in his presence, or eve 1 
in the thought of him, or any of that Committee to his knowledge, 
that any part of that Army should have come on English ground. 
Hereupon to tell them absolutely he dare not become guilty of 
shedding bloud by pressing the Bill, but desire them to accept of a 
Bill to disenable me from all publick employment, or giving any 
counsell directly or indirectly, and if the Earl should offer any such 
thing, to make it High Treason, and he to suffer for it accordingly, 
which he will faithfully promise to observe, and so no possibility 
left, that the Earl, if he had a mind to do it, could procure ill to 
any body. 

Or else that his Majesty would pass the Bill conditionally, that 
the Houses would consent that his Majesty might at after follow the 
guide of his own conscience, to pardon the Earl his Life. 

That thus every man's Conscience and Fears might be provide'! 
for, and his Majesty receive from the two Houses a irreat argument 
of their Love towards him, without danger to any body, and in some 
degree enjoy the Quietness and Repose of his own Conscience by 
their means. If neither of these could be obtained at his earnest 
intreaty, that so the publick Peace might more speedily be settled 
to the contentment both of King and People, wherein he would be 
wholly counselled by them, he must declare absolutely, that for no 
respect or fear in the world would lie be constrained either actively 
or passively to take away the Life of a man, where his Conscience 
was fully informed, He was not guilty of the Crime wherewith he- 
was charged. 

And yet, if the King will speak thus much resolutely, and move 
the Lords one by one, as also Mr. Solicitor, Pym, and some of the 
Principal Lower House men, and in the mean time strictly to 
command Newport* to have vie and this place in safe custody upon 
the peril of his Life, it is thought the Earl might yet be saved. 

a The Constable of the Tower. 

CAMD. SOO. E 



INDEX. 



Antrim, Earl of (Randal Macdonell), 8 
Askwith, Sir Robert, letter to, 2 

Balfour, Sir William, ix. 21 

Lerwick, 10 

Bristol, Earl of (John Digby), 21 

Calvert, Sir George, 2 
Cardcnie, Monsieur, 10 

Carletou, Sir Dudley, 22 

Carlisle, 10 

Charles I. (King of England) hopes to 
come to terms -with the Scots, 10; how 
to behave when the attainder bill is pre- 
sented to him, 23 ; reasons for passing 
ir, v. ix. 

Chester, 11, 12 

Chichester, Lord, 3 

Cholmondley, 11 

Conway, 12 

Cooke. John, career in Ireland, 1-1 ; 
advice to Strafford, 14 

Cork, Earl of (Richard Boyle), quarrel 
with Stra£L'ord,4; intervention of the 
King, 5 

Cottington, Lord, 3; letter from Strafford 
to, ix. 7 

Covent Garden, 11 

Coventry, 1 1 

Crosby, Sir Piers, 8 

Darington, 13 

Davcutry, 11, 12 
Dublin, 11, 12 

Eoulis, Sir David, 4 

Geneva, 19 



Goddard, Henry, letters to Dr. Knowler 
v.; from Dr. Knowler, vii. xi. 

Hamilton, Marquis of (James Hamilton), 

8, 10 
Henrietta Maria (Queen of England), 

xi. 
Holland, Earl of (Henry Rich). 8, 0, 10 
Holywell, 12 
Hopton, Sir Arthur, viii. 
Huntingdon, 13 

Knowler, Dr. AYilliam, life, iv. ; letters, 
vii. xi. ; pedigree, v, 2 

Lea, 12 

Leicester, Earl of (Robert Sidney), 13 

L'Estrange, Hamon, 22 

Lichfield, 11, 12 

Littell, Mr. 11 

Loudon, 11, 13 

Mohun. Lord (John Mohan), letter to 
Strafford, 3 

Nantwich, 12 

Newark, 13 

Newcastle, 9, 10 

Newport, Earl of (Mountjoy Blount), 

25 
Northallerton, 13 
Northumberland, Earl of (Algernon 

Percy), letter to, 10 

Oldys, "William, iv. 

Pembroke. Earl of (Philip Herbert), 7 
Place Newy th, 12 



28 



INDEX. 



Provost, Monsieur, 19 
Pym, John, vii. 25 

Radcliffe, Sir George, ix. 22 
Roystou. 13 

Salisbury. Karl of (William Cecil), 7 

Sanderson, William, 22 

Savile, Lord (Thomas Savile), 21 

Slingsby, Guilford, 20 

St. Alban's, 1 1 

St. John, Oliver, 25 

Stamford, 13 

Stone, 11. 12 

Stony Stratford, 11 

Swift, Sir Robert, 9 

Thorns, Mr., iv. 
Tirringham, Sir Arthur, 12 
Toller Foil, 13 
Topelifl'e, 13 
Tyrone, Earl of, viii. 

Welwood, James, viii. 
Wentworth, Sir John, v. vi. ix. 8 
Wentworth, Thomas, first Earl of 
Strafford, at Geneva, 19 ; stands for 



Yorkshire, 2 ; quarrel with Sir David 
Eonlis, 4; quarrel with the Earl of 
Cork, 4; quarrel with the Earl of 
Holland, 8; criticisms of his gorern- 
ment of Ireland. 3, li>-l l J; itinerary in 
England 1639,1640,11; advice to con- 
cerning his defence, 14 ; his suggestions 
to the King concerning the attainder 
bill. 23; his reception of the news that 
the bill was passed. 22 ; letters from, 
v. 2, 7, 8; letters to, 3, 6, 14; letter- 
books, xi.; motto, 19 

Wentworth, Thomas (Earl of Strafford, 
1711), i. 

Wentworth, Thomas Watson, Lord 
Malton, etc., i. ii. sL 

Wentworth, William (Second Earl of 
Strafford), iii. vi. ix. 

Wentworth Woodhonse, 13 

Whitclocke, Bulstroue, 24 

Wilbraham, Mr. 12 

Wilmot, Viscount (Charles Wilmot), 8, 9 

Windebanke, Sir Erancis, 6 

York, 2, 13 
Youghal, 4 



STRAFFORD PAPERS. 29 



A letter from the Earl of Strafford to Sir Edward Otborne anal 
the Council of the North* 

[This letter is printed (rem a copy amongst the Wharton papers 
now forming part of the Carte Collection in the Bodleian Library 
(vol. Ixxx., fo. 32). On the importance of the petition of the York- 
shire gentlemen, see Gardiner, History of England, ix., 177. The 
text of the petition is given in Bushworth, Hi.. 1214. On its origin 
see Strafford's Trial, pp. GOO-G32, and the Memoirs of Sir Hugh 
Cholmley, pp. G1-G4. It was presented to the King by Lord 
Wharton. The answer of the Privy Council on the King's behalf is 
veiy similar in its terms to this letter of Strafford's (Cal. State 
Papers, Dom. 1040, p. 595)]. 

[The Earl (if Strafford to the Vice-President of the Council of 
the North.] 

After my heartv commenJacions unto you. Being this aftcr- 
noone at the Couneell Board, there was sent by his Majestie to be 
read and advised there a petieion to the King from the Gentrie of 
Yorkshire, wheieunto I observed sundry of your hands subscribed. 
The petieion was much misliked of all, as well for the matter as the - 
way of expression, and held to be unusual in sueh numbers and in 
such high tcarmes to gee eo familiarly and immediatly to the King 
himselfe, passing by as cyphers not onely the Lord Lieutenants but 
my Lords of the Couneell also, both which we conceive should have 
been first acquainted therewith. And albeit I confesse it was my 
hope that you (being my Deputy-Lieutenants, and my readynesse 
to serve that Country considered) would not have directed com- 

* Asl did not meet with this kttcr till after the others had heen printed off, it 
has been necessary to place it after the Index. 

CAMD. SOC. F 



30 PAPERS RELATING TO THOMAS WENTWORTII. 

plaints of that nature, which concernc so immediately my charge, to 
any other hands then mine owne, yet that shall not Iett me from 
doing the hest offices to the service of tlie Country that I can. 
Your answere to the peticion you are to expect from the Lords, 
onely this I will say, If you had been pleased to have a litle advised 
therein with me, I am per s waded I could have putt you in to a 
better way for the ease and protection of tint people, and with lesse 
exception and disadvantage to yourselves. However I moved his 
Majestic in the behalfe of the country, ami (bund him graciously 
mindfull of the good affections he mett with there the last yeare, 
and resolved to use all possible speed and care to represse the insol- 
ency of the soldyers, and so to provide for his good people as that 
none of them should lose a penny through any injury offered by 
that unruly company ; to which purpose my Lord Gcuerall wrytcs 
instantly to all the officers of the army, most severely to punish any 
soldier which shall trespasse in that kinde, and by example to 
deterre others from anv the like insolency to be offered to the 
Country people. His Majestic hath likewise been certified of a 
desire (it seems) made to the Vice- President and the rest of the 
Deputy-Lieutenants and Justice* of Peace by Sir Jacob Ashley, 
that in case his Majesties Treasury might chaunce to arrive some 
few daves. to late, you would be pleased to give the soldiers credit 
in the places where the)' dyett for their vietualls some seaven or 
fowevtecn dayes, with assurance that none should lose a penny by 
that trust, which motion of his was not yeilded unto as I desire it 
had, in regard I am most certaine the money wilbe justly and pre- 
ciselv payd that had been upon that ingagement issued. Therefore 
I doe most earnestlv desire your present endeavours herein, and that 
you Mr. Vice-President would presently goe to Sir Jacob Ashley, 
and use your best perswasion with the country to give the common 
soldiers credit for their vietualls, allwayes provided they trust them 
not to a oreater proportion then six pence a day, and to move them 
that dvett the soldiers in my name to be contented to doe his 
Majestic this momentany service, and I doe hereby assume and 



FIRST EARL OF STRAFFORD. 31 

oblige my selfc, not onely in point of law but in the word of a 
Gentleman, that in case they should not he repavd (as indeed I am 
most sure they will) what is due to them by the Treasurer of Warr, 
I will not receive one penny of my rents in Yorkshire untill I have 
thereout satisfied every man what shalbe due unto them in that kind 
and upon this occasion. 

I doe ngaine and againc recommend this particular service, and 
that you would use your uttermost endeavours and diligence therein ; 
the rather for that I know it will not onely prevent all inconveni- 
ences that may happen, but turne finally extreamflfry to the advantage 
of the Country, as I shall make use thereof and applie it to their 
good andbenefitt; and if it doe not prove soe, I wilbe content 
never to expect their credit or beleife hereufter, which in good faith 
1 would not deservedly lose for any thing that could be added unto 
me in this world. And so desyring to heare from you with all 
possible speed how you proceed and prosper in this businesse 1 
remaine, 

(Signed) Your most affectionate faith full 

friend and servant 

STBAFFOKD. 

London this last 
of July, IG40. 

Directed 

To my honourable good friend 
Sir Edward Osborne, Vice-President of 
his Majesties Councell established in 
the North, and the rest of the 
Deputy-Lientenants there, 

July last 1640. 
[Eudoi-sed : — ] My Lord Lieutenant of Ireland's 

letter to vicepresident and deputy 
Iientenaants of Yorkshire. 

1. About thevr Petition to the 
King for removal of soldiers. 

2. About billeting them on the conntryes 
trust for 7 or 14 days. 



HAMILTON PAPERS. 

ADDENDA. 



EDITED BY 



SAMUEL RAWSOX GARDINER. LL.D. 



PRINTED FOR THE CAMDEN SOCIETY. 



M.DCCC.XCIII. 



PREFACE. 



The following are the greater part of the letters which I was 
unable to copy, when I prepared the volume of the Hamilton 
Papers for the Camden Society. Most of them are to a great 
extent in cipher, the deciphers being enclosed in square brackets. 
I succeeded in- deciphering these passages by the help of other 
ciphered letters accompanied with the deciphers in the collection 
of the Duke of Hamilton, which I was allowed to see some years 
ago with the sanction of His Grace and the kind permission of 
Sir W. Fraser, who at That time had charge of the papers. 
Only four or live of the letters forming part of Lanark's cor- 
respondence in 1G48 are omitted, as I had no clue to the cipher 
in which they were written. 

If some of the phrases used by the writers are still unintelli- 
gible, this is probably owing for the most part to mistakes made 
by the writers in committing them to cipher. If some of them 
are due to myself I can but plead that a very short time was 
allowed me for making the copies, and that I have not since had 
it in my power to collate my copies with the originals. 



HAMILTON PAPERS. 

ADBEXDA. 



. Doc. 31. 



1. MUNGO MURRAY TO THE EAEL OF L AN ASK. 

My Lord, . Jan ' llic 10 - 1G48 - 

[Sur William Flemingo is to bo dispacht with] in to or thre 
days; for the Queen and Prince is to be at Paris this day. Sir J » ; j an . 10. 
John Barklay, who is governor to the Prince is to go from this 
to Holland and some other of the Deukes R servants. [The ship 
that Sir "William comes in is to go with the Loutenante of ■ 
Iriand.p Sir William [is to rescve aumnition, amies, and 
monies.] I hope that [greate and noble worke you have in hand 
may not stope upon the expectasion of that, nor the Prince his 

cominge to you]. They [would lever [?] hav the worke ? c 

withoute you] for whill ther is one other [houpes you will fynde . 
delay esj. What I have writen to your Lo: heirtofore yow may 
belive and so that I am 

Your Lo p humble and 

faithfull servant 
It is preste harde heir to have Latherdacl. 

* * * * . 



2. Mungo Murray to the Earl of Lanark. 

My Lo., Jun - tbe 17, 1G48. 

Sir William Fleminge went from hence the 15, and [is gon 164$. Jan. T v 

* The Duke of Hamilton. b The Marquis of Ormoud. 

c The cipher appears to give " one." 
CAMD. S0C. B 



* HAMILTON PAFEBS. 

to Ancardam* wlar lie iis to requve b sum erms c and ainoniseon 
and mone d when [?] they [?] have it,] and not know whar els 
to bestow it, and so [shal you have the Prince when they know 
not whar els to sende him. I most say that [my Lorde New- 
castel] and the Louetcnant of Irlande [profescs in ouch to you, 
and fanialy, and ne.>ion. e ] The feu clarge* we have heir ar as 
beter againe yow and the whole nation, as your own unhape B 
clerge and profeses that they rather have the indepent 1 ' prevell 
then yow. I have often As-ret to your Lo: and ons mor lat me 
take the freedom to tell yow [that it mouch concerns you and 
the whol nesion to proviyde is] that you may be habell to stond 
upon your own layges ']. They mouch pres to have mones j heir 
for the Prince removal, hot hes mani delays put upon them. 
The Queen and Prince ar both heir and is resolved [the Prince 
to go to pales when and wher from thence as ocasion shal ofer] 
I shall humbly wish your Lo : to be sparinge in your opinion of 
the disposal of the Prince in ane sorte whatsoever. We have 
great houpes heir that Rente and the asosiat Connies will doe 
the bisenes without yow (God grant it may be done) but it will 
not be weill for yow if yow have no hand in it. I often wrette 
to your Lo. I know not if they cum to your handes. 



3. Lord Digby to the Earl op Lanark. 11 

My Lord, 
lGi8, Jan. ? I } iave received from [my brother Dives,] 1 and from [my secrea- 

• Amsterdam. b Receive. 

• Arms. a Money. 

• Nation. ' Clergy. 

& Unhappy. h Independents. 

1 Legs.. J Monies. 

k The Scottish Commissioners, of whom Lanark was one, left London on 
January 21. 

1 Sir Lewis Dyves, half-brother of Lord Digby. 



ADDENDA. O 

tarie who waited on you at London] an aocompt of such noble lfi48 » Jftn - ? 
expressions of yours concerning us, notwithstanding those mis- 
fortunes that with a lesse just and generous nature might have 
exposed me to lasting prejudices, that I am encouraged by 
them to make this addresse unto you of my most humble service 
aud acknowledgements; noe way doubting, but that, since you 
are pleased to admitt of so faire an interpretation of what reall 
I ever esteemed the greatest unhnppinesse of my life (I meane 
the part what I was necessitated to beare in some disservice to 
you and your noble brother) nowe that [wee are united in 
publick interests]" as to lett you and him see by my constant 
faithfulnesse, and zeale to your service how unnatural and 
forced a motion any thing was in mee to the contrary of what 

becomes 

My lord 

Your most humble and 

most affectionate servant 

G, 2, 7, 10, 41, 20, 31, 40,* 13. 



4. to the Earl of Lanark. 

My Lord, 

Your expressions highly endeare and might if possible make 1648, Feb. T ' T - 
mee more yours: at this time there is nothing of moment to give 
you any informations of. The Generall dines this day at the 
Tower, where I believe some results wilbe about the Citty : what 
you shall know by my next. The busines wee whisper' d about 
I am in hope may succeed. I sent a messenger thereabout, and 
with probable instructions for the accomplishment : and since 
it is more then a weeke and noe returne made, I conceive it 
well takes as to the project, and desire the continued conjunc- 
tion .of your prayers as to the successe, having soe litle of 
consequence at present to write, I shall referr my enlargement 

* Something is omitted in this involved sentence. • 



4 HAMILTON PAPERS. 

1043, Feb. T y in it to the next opportunity, against when I shall doubtle sse be 
furnished with abundance (and if expectations with eminent 
wishes fade not) of pleasing newes. I am and shall to the 
highest manifestations I am capabl of appear 
My Lord 

Your Lo P3 

most humble servt. 

400. 

February the first 

As I was sealing up this, my messenger brought this inclosed 
and assurance tilings goe well in the whisper'd businis, but not 
a word thereof for your love sake. 

T had an other w cU I delivered to your wife concerning my 
father. 



5. James Fenne to Edward Edgar. 

Feb. the 3, 1647. 
1(147, Feb. yV- I presume you A that have we goode intelligence will not care 
for what falleth beside the cuppe, for mine is of noe more con- 
sequence then such. Leate not to omitte servying of you, I have 
sente you what, this weeke, hath beene any waies advertised to 
me. Abusnehag 1 ' shall come again to the King upon a new 
undertaking treatye, therefore conseqnentelie imagine ex tmgue 
leonem. The Queen [is] in grcatc irresolution whether [the Prince 
maye bee trusted with the Scots] or noe. Uulesse you will 
give [Germyn, Digbye, et cetera,] such conditions as I believe 
wille neether bee thought consistent with the safctie nor hon- 
nour of the future transactions; otherwise 'tis a contradiction 
in ytselfe, and muste consequently debauch more moderate men 

* Feune is evidently an Englishman, and Kdgar probably stands for Lanark. 
b Sic. l'erhnps Ashburnham, sfe Hamilton 1'opcrs, 150. 



ADDENDA. O 

from the service of [the Nobility of Scotland] then y* can gaine 1647 f ?eb. ■&. 
or pacefye the violent and unusefull. For my owne perticular 
I confess I agree totallie -with your principales, never to foment 
a new warre in case yt can be avoyded, but rather endeavour to 
comprimize all interests by troatye, because noe partye, choose 
w ch you will of the 3, but is unsecuro enough withoute yt. How- 
ever, if yt bee decreedc, you nor I cannot prevente y t ; nor doth 
any thing afterwardcs remaine to bee don onely to maneige yt 
to the best advantage with a pcrpetuall reflexion towardes peace 
and the ancient liberties of our respective counetries. Theiro 
is att this present anew cntercourse of negotiation now begnnne 
between [the Queen] and [Ireland] by [Musire's a ] mediation, 
purposely to retarde [the Prince going into] Scotland, hoping by 
that meanes to frustrate the alliance by destroyeing the season 
of the confidence. All matters here continew much in the pos- 
ture you lefte them, onely they bring troopes more or lesse 
dayelie into the Citty and doubtless meane to garrison severall 
greate towns that ar conveniently e [seated] for itt. The reso- 
lution of your Convention is that we all looke uppon as the 
guide starre of the daye, and, in the interim little Avill-bee 
publick of intentions to the future. Eemembcr in yt the olde 
rule ut paces jeut integral and a little sacrifice the greateness 
and injuries of your familye to the publick rather then obsti- 
nacye or disdaine, for uulesse there be [a general remission] of 
sinne in Scotland, noething will come of all this seede ; Avherein 
even [Muntrose] himselfe muste not bee omitted, though I knowe 
'tis durus sermo. I am confident considering the tyme hee hath 
had to looke, and experience of the King and Queen, will bee 
no harde matter to lett him see the to much fougge b of his 
former zealc; and to enclyne him altogether to the publick. 
These I guesse ma}- bee considerations equaly proper whether 
you make warre or peace, because besides the obligation yt 
careeth along with yt of restoring men to there owne homes, 't will 
» Perbaps Mazaric. b Fougue. 



O HAMILTON PAPERS.- 

1047, Feb. T v bee safe and withowte w ch noe other peace, but every minute will 
Lee tottering into a warre againe. [The Westerne parts] will bee 
unanimously yours, if the Prince come, of w ch now all my doubtes 
are knoweing how many officious ignorant persons there be 
theire have ever beene averse to the publick ; and I beleeve so 
that [Culpeper], whoe is the oracle of that place, out of [Ash- 
bunams] consideration is like enough to oppose yt with all his 
rethorick. Yf yt happen soe, I cannot suspect then that I, whoe 
have ever beene a sufferer visiblye for the publick, and perticu- 
larlye disgraced for avowcing I thought yt better the buisnes 
shoulde ende by a peace then victorye, shall bee as well looked 
uppon as those have don noething but the contrarye, and now, as 
they save in Frauncc, sont Irs penitents au.v abboyes de la morte, 
therefore beeing happilye the negotiation maye bee further ad- 
vanced from thence with you then I can have notice of att this 
distance, bee pleased to tako care of your servant both by y r 
brother's meanes and your owne in that poinete, else as Cardi- 
nall d'Ossat writte to Hen. the 4 from Rome, I shall wish I had 
don soe toe ; and holde yt rather a weakeness then vertu to bee' 
honncst-. Truely I can shew soe goode cardes uppon this occasion ; 
. as if ever there bee a place of publick audience amongst vou 
for such as I am, I will not be atfrayed to laye both my com- 
plaintes and pretences uppon the carpett; though I hope yet I 
am not soe inconsiderable to bee putte to that waie of mendican- 
cye. I am confident the breaches heere are never to bee peeced 
upp. Take heede of Soliman's beeing carried in a litter to the 
iielde againste you; for every little matter giveth such an abun- 
dance of jealousie. Yt is to copious a held for soe narrowe a 
substance as the capacityo of man to manure as yt, w ch maketh 
mee conclude as confusedlye as 1 beganne desireng speedilve to 
heare from you. 

Your fayethfull frend ever 

and humble servant, 

J. Fen. 



ADDENDA. 



6. 499 to the Eael of Lanark. 

My LORD, [London, Feb. 10 ?] 1648. 

Soe unworthy of yon are my papers tliat I should not reason- jg^g y^ j.o 
ably send you a second and yet they being soe, I may verie 
pardonably hasten another to apologize for that which went 
before. Besides other defects, it was much wanting- in the 
use of the cypher, to which way of writing, I confess myself 
• not much used. All men, my Lord, are here about at gaze, 
looking Northward for a better settling to their expectations, 
and are soe impatient of waiting for your resolves that men 
undertake to spread them as things already declared. Most 
talk wildly, and tell strange stories, bringinge your judgments 
to theires. Some, not without confidence assure ns by diverse 
demonstracions, that Scotland will not discountenance the 
present proceeds of England : others say that Scotland will not 
neglect the honour and advantage of being a ballance heere; 
an issue to these our hopes and feares wee violently long for. 
And truly My Lord (but that I may seeme to favour myself by 
the intimation) I would have your leave to say that it will bee 
verie necessary some persons (whom you may have faith in) 
bee helped to understand at least your publick counceils and 
transactions in which both kingdomes are concerned, by which 
the truth may oftetimes bee faierly vindicated from such gloss 
as the art of malice will studiously asperse it with. But, my 
lord, 1 am now too bold with you, and am gonn beyond the 
instructions given mee by 241. The varieties of this weeke 
have not bin many. The declaracion justifying the votes 
against the King' 1 hath spent most of it. Some apprehends it 
to bee a long, tedious, unsatisfactory satisfaction : wherein are 
enumerated all his faults and errors charged home upon his 
single" selfe : some clauses are recommitted (or pcrhapps laied 
• Taken into consideration on Feb. 5, passed the House of Commons on Feb 11. 



8 



HAMILTON PAPERS. 



1648, Feb. $« ? l,yj 0ne concerning the death of K. James, another touching 
the design e a of destroying severall lords and commanders of 
Scotland. Tomorrow it will bee againe reported. Mr. Sadler's 
pen laced it together, which hath allsoe finished an answer to 
the Commissioner's papers. The Presbiterie is reviving and 
seemes to bee strongly encouraged for present satisfaction, and 
it is not doubted but that [Mr. Ashurst] will bee able to satisfy 
[their clergic] though it bee feared that [Marshall is noe 
more in[so]much] reputation will [them as heretofore]. Sir 
Jo: Maynard made the Lords merry, denyed them right of 
judicature, refused to kneelc, but as a compliment (as hee said) 
hee bowed as low as a Bishopp to the altar. The lords fined 
him, b and gave him a further timo to consider his duty. The 
Lords gavo baile this morning for fcheire appearance, they beeing 
to answere, the 11th instant. [The arruie] continues still in 
the principles for [levelling] which spread afreshe. [Soldiers 
are] a stomachfull. Som [Colonells arc discontented.] Rich 
(upon the score of Sir II. Vane) is one. Sir II. Vane disclames 
. earnestly, and [Ireton] is not pleased, though I think not on 
the same ground. The Lifeguard are to disband presently, 
but I do [?] no c that it is to be done, so — ? though no[?] 
Colonell Arison is not pleased : his regiment is said to be dis- 
banded or purged as affected too much to ? d 

I have my lord troubled you too long, I shall make hast there- 
fore to the subscription 

My lord 

most humble ? 

and servant 



i.e. the Incident. b On Feb. 5. • Know. <> ? the Levellers. 



ADDENDA. 



7. Dr. Alexander Fraser to the Earl of Lanark. 

Sir, 

Your [slow journey and the adjourning of your meeting] 1Mft > Fcb **• 
hath only multiplied teares and jealousies [in] cavaliers [and 
other persons] (ignorant and enviefull of [Scots' honour and 
honesty)]. This day [the English Commi.ssioners' letter there 8 
reade ill Parliament] in which they [assure the Parliament 
they have found more friends to Parliament and army then 
they thought to have fund. Upon] Friday last b at the voteing 
of [Parliament's] of the declaration of the Commons of 
England [Cromwell made a sever] invective [against King 
and] monarchicall government. [They sent messenger 
Cromwell to the Lords, that if the Lords would pass the four 
bills and] disclaim [Scots' assistance, they would] suppress 
[their declaration. The lords contemned their — ? , and] 
expressed [much] aversion [to army, Parliament and all that 
party]. Upon the return of this messenger, Parliament voted 
five thousand]' soldiers [to go c King and messenger Crom- 
well to bo one of the Lords in bedeehamber, and it is confidently 
beleivedthat [upon' 1 Cromwell will inarch] forthwith [with the 
best part of his horse and foot to the Xorth, and if they] pos- 
sesse Beruic and Carlil, your part will e ] small and of no 
consideration. I much apprehend [thai] some f of [your great 
Lords] in his wonted perplexed way looks here and in France] to 
pcrswade the Queen that [no] considerable action [can be] 
expected [from Scotland unless Argyll be the head of party] 
acting [for the King in Scotland, and] powerfull person [is 
despatched to Queen with instructions for that purpose. I 
assure your Lordship that there is underboard dealin] : the 

• i.c7. the letter of the English Commissioners in Scotland. See C. J., v. 4»".2. 
b Febr. 11. « ? to guard. * ? upon this. 

<■ ? will he. f ? some one. 

CAMD. SOC. C 



30 HAMILTON PAPERS. 

1648, Feb. $§. particulars you may Lave [from a friend] That monster of 
follie and knaveric (Disington 8 ) is come from France, who] 
openly professes [that P. of "Wales hath no desire] nor affection 
[to come to Scotland] and [looks to] perswade and assure 
[Parliament that France will not part with P. of Wales,] with 
manie other thing's [of treasonable nature, of which] you 
shall heare more fully [when I shall] discover [the design] ; 
till with tyme [I shall] give [intelligence tobreake the design, 
being bound to silence. It will lit to send a veri] prudent 
[man of] 1 ' no faction [to] aquaint you how [affairs goes, that ; c ] 
not that I distrust [the Queen, T. of Wales, Jermyn, but] some 
inferiour disaffected persons [to the design. If you] compose 
not in tyme your differences (if anie be) [you will louse your 
friends and party in England. Ormond and his J. Berkeley are 
shiped and gone to France, and that and other] newes from 
Ireland] hath much dejected this day [Cromwell and his party. 
Lord Northumberland will d ] presently gone for France; Norfolk 
looks much to disswade, but all in vaine, and passionatly they 
desire [Northumberland [ ? ] to meet Prince of Wales in 
Flanders] which is more impossible then anie thing they could 
desire. I have [no more] of consequence [to impairt to 
your lordship], but well ever remainc [your Lordships 
servant. 

London, 15th Feb ri ' : . 



8. 282 to- 



SlR, February, 15. 

That the declaration ag !t his Ma tief is past the House of 
Commons and wilbee publike in 2 or 3 days I am confident wilbe 

■ Disbington. b ? will be. c ? there. 

* ? wUl be. ■ ? Norwich. 

' Justifying the Vote of No Addresses. 



ADDENDA. 11 

no newes : [then what to expect is evident, yet] 'tis saved the 1648,Feb.£§. 

King is well and merry [but what they intend you may judge 

by their voting the shipps for f\m somers' fleet the [Parliament 

of England*' not his Majesty's] is the [Hollanders till they [had 

got] the mastery [used the King off Spaine's name. The Earle 

of Denbeigh's going for France is a fable ane a I hope as false as 

that yee and they here are agreed which is] confidently 

affirmc[d but not belcived]. However [they fayle not to 

irperse b yee as much as] may [be. Since my last I have had 

twice advide c from France] implying that they persue their 

interest as actively as rely on your declareing, and then] the 

Prince is for Holland]. Pray Go d, [theypersue their interest 

as actively as they] ought. Our party here is all for yee, and] 

discontent [s the more then ever.] The Diumall will tell you 

[publike actions, but 1] speake [from men of honour and] 

interest [who expect] nothing [more then your presence, and 

then the tide will qickly tunic. 1 have] offered [my way to 

France of serveing them and yee. If they comply] with [it. I 

shall act my part.] how [ever], in confidence [of your reality 

to serve our distressed King, you shall as I may have d the 

weakly advice of 

Your faithfullest servent 

282. 
Shrovetuesday 

15 Feb. 1647. 

The L d Willoughby of Parham hath wisely absented hiinselfe 
a weeke since, and the declaration is come forth this day. 



* aud. b asperse. c advice. 

d Perhaps " the power " is omitted. 



12 



HAMILTON PAPERS. 



9. Edward Andrews to the Earl of Lanark. 



1G18, 



My LiORDE, February 20. 

Feb. 20. I have here enclosed sent your Lop? y c cypher I promised you, 
ilarTT. which I had sooner performed if my very urgent occasious had 
afforded nice tyme to have composed it. As soone as I knowe 
that it is come safely to your hands, I shall constantly (by all 
opportunityes which I can lay holdo on) give your Lopr the 
best advertisements of such occurrences here as I can come to 
the knowledg of, and shall not fayle to apply my ondeavoures 
to whatsoeDver may best manifest mee to bee what I really am 
My lord your lop 1 * 

moste humble 

moste faithfull and 

moste obedient servant 

Ed : Andre wes. 

Feb. the 20th, 164 7. 

If your LopP knowes mee not by this name my L d Lauderdalle 
well informe you. 



10. James Fenne to Mr. Edward Edgar." 

Feb. 21 !§f§ ncw stile - b 
1CIS, F .-— - 2 i- I heare you have beene ill since y r returne, else I presmne I 
shoulde have hearde from you in answer to some of those I 
have written. They save Ormondis gon from his uncle's howse 
[into Ireland ] with approbation of the Parl f of Scotland [to 
comand] the armie in Ireland, Scots army.] He is a most 
gallant man, yeate was bredde att the feete of Gamaliel and a 
greate frend of Digbyes, as you may see yf you please in print, 

• See p. 4, note \ 

b This probably (iocs not refer to the day of the month. 

e Should this be M France " ? See the next letter. 



ADDENDA. 13 

therefore though the consideration bee most proper in yt selfe 1CAS Feb. 21. 

't well deserve very much caution to mingle the to physikes in 

that oue prescription togcither soe equalye the chimicall maye 

not totalie overcome the safety e of the Galenistes ; otherwise. 

remember the olde verse 01c vos non vobt's, and prepare y r 

lodgings before hand att [Ludlow] and [Pendenis]. A greate 

deale of candor to your service maketh me save this and noe 

private ende or consideration of my owne, therefore praye soe 

esteeme of yt. The hopes of that and the underhand propositions 

made by the [Papists in Irland] [to] the Queen, yf anything 

doe, maye retarde the [cloc a of the Prince in al union with 

Puritans in England.] This cometh to mee uppon noe ill 

ground, however I confess I holde faste to my former positions 

to praye for an accomodation by treatye yf yt bee possible ; 

wherein you shall finde mee fixed. I have noe more now to 

saye, but to pray for y r well dooing and rccoverye if there bee 

cause, not doubting youl letfe mee heare shortely from you, and 

take that care of your servants they have formerly expressed 

towardes you. 

Ja : Fen. 



1L. 282 to 



My EVER HONORED LORD, [London] February 22. 

I have received yo rs of the 15 and cannot but really 
acknowledge your favor [in communicating your proceedings, of 
which I shall make the best use I can to encourage our party] . 
And I must as perticularly give you thankes for your resolution 
[in order to my advantage with which I am exceedingly 
satisfied.] In retornc of w ch I can only say that since my 
last, it is discovered that the Marq 3 of Ormond is gonne into 

• Sic. 



1648, Feb. 22. 



14 HAMILTON PAPERS. 

1G48, Fob. 22. Fraunce where t'is believed that hoe meetes the L dj Antrim and 
Muskery, commissioners from Ireland to setle the Kingdome in 
order to Lis Ma u service, and 'tis reported tliat all parties are 
agreed in Ireland, and that Inchiquen is joyned in the confed- 
eracy w th them : [if so yon will have more helpe then wes 
expected. Doubtles M. Orniond suddaine departure is nob 
but for some good end. From France I have not] heard [lately 
only they heere have intercepted letters from the Queen to the 
Kinge, and it is reported an other letter from the D. of Yorke 
to his Ma. tlc was taken implying his obedience to his father's 
commands of speedily getting for Scotland. Uppon this 'tis 
said hee is to bee confined to the Tower : others say that hee, 
his brother and sister are to bo sent to the He of Wight (though 
not to theire father) that so one guard ma} r suffice for all. 
Yesterday Judge Jenkins was brought to the Comon's bar and 
there refused to kneele and boldly denyed theire jurisdiccion : 
however they intend speedily to condemno and execute him by 
au Ordinance, and then by this example who wilbee safe ? He 
was exceedingly applauded by the people in his passage to and 
from the House. Fcmbrookc Castle still holds out against the 
Army, [and all Wales expects but a faire advantage to gett out 
of slavery]; Plymouth likewise disputes it with them about 
arreares ; and to stop theire mouthes GOOO 11 is ordered them, 
W* the Citty, as I am told, refuse to lend. As yett Fairfax is 
heere, but hath made made no further entry uppon the Citties 
priviledges, who keepe theire armes and stand on theire owne 
leggs. [Mr. Ashburnham and his party still hover about] in 
the country and sometimes in the Citty, and I heave ave as much 
trusted [by his Ma tie as ever]. Some say [they have a designe 
to act] some [what to cleare of all aspersions if it prove for 
his ]\ia tie3 advantage I am sure you wish it success.] " 

And so 

Your faithfull 

humble s r vant 

282. 
22 Feb. 1G47. 



ADDENDA. 15 



12. James Fenxe to Mr. Edwards Edgar. 

Feb : the 28 ? 1647, 
My last weekes dispaclit I hope you received. I contineu Feb. 28? 

this onely to lett you see my vigilauuee towards y r service Mar - y - 

and those where you ar. We heare [The Prince's resolution 
is taken withowt more ceremonye [to come into Scot- 
land.] Yf that bee soe w ch questionless you ar Lest able 
to informs mee of, have a care to rivetto your owne partyc 
soe before hand that new men doe not interpose to the de- 
struction of the whole designe, for the same violent persons you 
knew and suffered under before, will come theyther along 
withowte dispute, but what disputes theyle make yf they maye 
have an}- influence uppon the counsells, God knoweth. You 
see how disunion ruined us before. Yf wee ar borne to perish 
the seconde tyme by the same disease 'tis better never to doe 
any thing but bee passive in all rather then fall oute of the 
friing pan into the fire. You see my honnest plaineness is ever 
the same, I confessc I abhorre all that violent caball from my 
hart e , whoc noething but studdied to hinder as accomodation 
by treatie att Oxford, w di hath brought the monarchic of both 
kingdoms to the sad posture att this present they ar in. Secure 
mee in this scruple therefore speedelye, aud noething else can 
hinder all you desire from hence. In the meane tyme bee con- 
fident noe accommodation can bee made with [the Indepen- 
dents] by [the Scots], [The English Parliament] beginne 
now to raise great hopes to themselves from these disunions 
approaching the publick and doe not stick almost to declare 
yt. The buisness I wrote laste to you of in Ireland is all 
this tyme machinating by them both there and in France. 
They as a tribe a meditate noething but revenge and hate the 
libertyes of the counctrys, which indeede is my proper quarrel! 

* ? that meditate. 



16 HAMILTON PAPERS. 

1G48 Fcb - 2R ? to them. The Queene, letters saye from Fraunce, hath settled 
'Mar. it. t j ie p r i nce » s howseholde aparte from hers. My lord Gerrard is 
greatly in favour with him upon Prince Rupertes score, malum 
omen futuri, therefore I conclude as I beganne, make sure of 
a counter-ballaunce, and that those persons they woulde 
not have come oute of that respect, as haringe to public sowles 
bee sure they are not for that reason omitted, when they come 
by waie of demanding right and justice, yf noe other capacitye : 
for in this case the interest of any one private person soe 
enclyned or persecuted, is the interest of the whole publick 
weale, soe desiring to hcare att large from you what 
Youl coiuaund y r humble Servant 

I rest 

Ja : Fen. 



13. Edward Andeewes to the Earl of Lanark. 

My Lorde, 
164S, Mar. T ] T . I have received your Lop? s of ye 21 st of Feb. yesterday, and 
shall bare great care y* y e enclosed bee securely conveyed to 
your cozen ; having this day a good opportunity. By the laste 
poste I sent your Lop p a cypher which I hope is come (ere this 

tynie) to your hands. The late [ ? can on T\ 

well be to [ ? hath] almoste rendered the Duke of 

York's escgape] impossible : at least [for a tyrue he hath en- 
gaged himself to the powers not to escape but] if in order to the 
necessity of having at (in the present conjunction of afiayres) 
effected, it shall be thought expedient [to persuade him that a 
promise] of that prejudice [to King and himself without his 
father's knowledge or] consent [can not bind] him and by that 
means prevayle [now with D. of Y. to be willing], the way I 
once proposed to [you] is feseable [and unsuspected] ; but it 



ADDENDA. 17 

must be y r work of a little tyme; and if your Lop* shall thiuke 1G4S. Ma 
fitt to give it, I shall desire your oppiniou concerning it. [My 
way of adress to the King is yet sure and] I thinke the [one 
remaining.] The business of association is very hopefull, and 
I am most confident of what has been formerly promised by 
some persons in the cittie be performed, which I finde will not 
bee done withoute the continuance of [Scotland,] as substan- 
tial] [assistance may thence] he reived on. I shall adil noc 
more for the present, but that I am my Lordo jour Lop' 15 
mostc humble and moste faithful! servant 

Ed. Andrewes. 

March ye 1st, 1G47. 

The enclosed from the [King] came hither the last week, 
whilest I was in the country, but not to my hands till this even- 
ing. I was not sure it was for [you], it not being mentioned 
iu mine whoe it was for till Mr. [Horwod] informed mee. 



14. ? to the Earl of Lanakk. 

March 3. 
I moght have been in great disorder as weal as other of your lots, Mar. ,' 
friends, if your letter hade not come very seasonably for to 
convince the reports of those mutino[us] Scots would invade 
the . natione. Thanks be to the wisdome of vour powerfull 
army, that give them work att home. Hop of gayne and per- 
ticular animositye may secure our fears, if we can be faithful! 
to our pious principles, and purge the hous and army of 
malignants such as [Lanerick] a we are safe. Great industry 
has b used to Kinge party]. Be sure to mak [that] yours [eon- 
cerne, else vow are ruined. Argyll] will be right [when Par- 



• I* this a joke or is the right name wrongly ciphered ? 
b ? has been. 



CAJ1D. S0C. 



18 HAMILTON PAPERS. 



1648, Mar. ,V lament] has [paid]. 8 Doc all you can to [gain England]. Mak 
[hast] if you expect [assistance] 1 ' Northumberland] or other 
[lords] you will be deceaved. It is believed M. Harford is not 
vigilant [in frends], Must be [flatteredc: Cliurcli] kept humble. 
Carlyll co. c is yours hartily. 
March 3. 



15. James Fexxe to Edward Edgar. 

March 6, 1647. 
1048, Mar. T V I have received onely 2 letters from you with this but for the 
addresse I conceive H* 3 Edgar -never fayleth, therefore yf there 
bee any stoppe 'tis farther of. The papour I desired from you 
I saye noemoreof, leaving yt wholie to your discretion, as I did 
then : onely I beleeve you I heare speediiye of the Princes 
remove onto of Fraunce, and then, yf the occasion present yt 
selfe, with his presence amongst you I presume you Avill reco- 
mend y rc servants attendaunce as hee shall, when the scene 
varies to Other partes, fayethfullye intend y r goode, and y r 
Brothers. The resulte of ower parliaments in Scotland plese 
to write to me, with the sooner, as alsoe some opinion touching 
my particular, by wave of advise to the fayethfullest of your 
creatures 

James Fexxe. 

I consider when my freindes can not write what they would 
they says leasts of those perticulars as remedclisse, though I 
am not soe wedded to my fancye as not to parte with yt very 
easilye neare the presence of y 1 ' judgement. 

* Argyll had money owcil to him by the English Parliament, and the suggestion 
is that he would join the llamiltons as soon as he received it. 
b " From " seems to be omitted. c The Countess of Carlisle. 



ADDENDA. 19 



16. 282 to the Eat:l or Lanaiik. 

My ever iionoked Lobs, 

Yours of the 29 th past came safe, yett was not altogeather so 101 g ^ Iur - 
full of assurance as tke former though I hope by this time yee 
have overcome the difficulties [the Kirk gives you : otherwise 
I may feare wee of the Nobility may fall iuto the same] 
prejudice [all those of honour have hcere by the violence of 
that spirit!; but 1 hope yee are too wise and couragious to be 
swayed by.! persons [so much your dependents]. I can say no 
more of that subject, but shall acquaint you with what hath lately 
come to my knowledge, first, from Fraunce I heare both the 
Queen e and Prince are prepareing to quitt that kingdome, but 
whether they intend is not yett discoverd, only thus much the 
Queen intends to runne the Prince's fortune. 1 believe they will 
receive no stop there, for Air. Ellis, a lawier of the House of 
Comons, is retorned theare unsatisfied, beeing sent to enQ'ao-e 
Card 11 Mazarini and the State to stop the Prince his journey. 
Those that come from Ireland report that Kingdome to bee in a 
maniier lost to 'the Parliament party, and Inchequin and Sir 
C. Coote discontented, lleere the Houses have been busied in 
perfecting theire answere to your declaration, which, beeino- 
past the Comons, was likewise on Satterday past in a full House 
of the Lords (being five), whereof Manchester beeing one dis- 
sented. 'Tis reported that lice, the E. of Holland and Countess 
of Carlisle are goeing to the Spa to avoyde the storme they 
have just cause to feare. The Lords have likewise sent downe 
to the Comons an ordinance of indempnity for all those that 
with the Speakers deserted the House and went to the Army, 
which was debated on Satterday in the Commons House, who, 
insteed of concurring, referred it to a Committee to report on 
Thursday the reasons why they deserted theire charges, and 
'tis thought they may rather suffer then bee acquitt. for the 



20 HAMILTON PAPERS. 

1648, Mar. -, 7 7 -. Presbiterian party carried this against them, 'tis reported like- 
wise that the Speaker of the Conn nous House shalbe discharged 
and Mr. Grimston seated in his chaire. Theire great scale 
is taken out of his and Manchester's hands and disposed to the 
custody of the E. of Kent, Sir TLo: Widderington and Mr. 
Whitlocke. Uppon the dispute on Satterday Martin prayed the 
House not to differ so much; but eyther to bee all for the King 
or all against him. The Army is still mutinous, and the Liefe 
Guard so discontented as that a Reg ta of Horse seeing the ill 
usage those had received in the manner of disbanding without 
money or good words, have sent to require satisfacion on theire 
behalfe. Theerenppon the disbanded are this day to attend 
Cromwell and to receive such satisfacion as heo hopes may 
please them. The Army hath lately condemned 7 souldiers for 
severall crimes but dare not execute them, martiall law beeino- 
growen odious amongst them. But the news of this day, if it 
bee true is best of all, w ch is that Morgan late Goveraour of 
Glocester is at the head of 3000 men in that county and hath 
encountred some of the Army, slayne about 30, and taken above 
100 prisoners. His Ma he for any thing I heere is as much a 
prisoner as formerly, yctt it is constantly aflirmed the 2 Houses 
endeavor and desire a treaty with him and desire hee would 
write to require it, but 'tis said hee refuscth except yours, and 
all interests may bee satisfied if they intend any such thiuo-. 
'Tis believed they will speedily bring him to Hampton Court. 
Besides I am assured they have underhand invited the Citty to 
peticion them for a personall treaty with his Ma tie but they 
refuse, because thereby they may offend the Scotts who are 
theire freinds, and likewise incurre the danger of the votes. 
The Citty hath also refused to lend them 200000 1 uppon the 
security of Cole-pitts in the Bishopricke of Duresme, and for 
anything I can heere or observe, these old freinds of theires are 
now totall averse from them, and theire proceedings. To con- 
clude, [if your kirk can oppose your intentions, thev will be 



ADDENDA. 21 

guilty of'] perpetual! warre and division [amongst us; whereas if 
yee appeare this cloud will vanish, and all of us] enjoy the hap- 
pines of peace w ch is the prayer of 

Yo r most faithfull servant 

333, 57, 282, 3G2, 40 [?] 

7 th of March. 



17. 409 to the Earl op Lanark. 

My Lord, 

I feare you forgett you have a servant in these parts or take 1G48, Mar. T 7 f 
not mee for one, otherwise I had been made happy with a more 
frequent receipt of your letters. [Yours to the King I have 
sent and shall send you an answer] shortly. [I doubt not if 
designe faile not] he will make [his escape and be with you] 
before you can hope it, soe well have I ordered the busines, as 
nothing but [himseife can lett] it. \Yhat" service I mav doe 
you for I shall hold a constant correspondence [with him, but 
as] faithfull with you. Lot mee understand by the impose fate) 
how much I have attained the ambition of being 

My Lord 

Your Lop 11 ' 

Acknowledged servant, 

409. b 

March 7, 
1647. 



■ ? Let me know what. b f irebrace. 



22 



HAMILTON PATERS. 



18. The Marquis of Ormoxd to the Dcke of Hamilton 
AND THE EiBL of Lanark [decipher]. 

Saint Jcrinins, 17" 1 March, lt'AS. 
1G48, Mar. ^. Your.Lop 5 havcing perticuler and frequent intelligence from 
hence I shall only remember you of some thinges were men- 
tioned at our meeting more perticulier to the parte designed 
for me, and first your Lop. may be pleased by the next safe con- 
vcyence to send heather effectual] orders to those commanding 
the Scots' armie and garrisons in Irland to obay my orders as 
his Ma tiea governor of that King-dome, that when 1 have pre- 
vailed for those assistances I expect from hence (where of I 
have good hopes), 1 be not forced to delaye my goeing over 
for want of soo necessary ane encouragement : in the next 
place, you may please imediatly to give order to yo 1 ' forces in 
Irland to give all possible safe aversion a to Oeu Oneill that if 
he intend interuption to those that wee heare are well inclyned 
to returne to there due obedience, he maybe forced to looke 
homewards. I the rather mynd yo'' Lop 5 now of these perticu- 
lers, for that I understand the gentleman I imployed to b is 
safely with him, and that these c concur so many good sio-nes of 
his declaiming with us in the King's service if I be furnished 
with what is further necessary j hasten over to you 1 ' Lop s most 
Humble Servant. 



10. James Fenne to Mr. Edwards Edgar. 

The 12 of Marc'.., 1647. 

1648, Mar. £$. Your laste to nice whereof noething was written iu scypher 

maketh me wonder att the forwardeness wee dayelie here the 

a Sic, ? niis-eiphercd for * : diversion." b ? Inchiqnm. 

« SU; ? '• there." 



ADDENDA. 



23 



allay res of [Scotland] ar in, because I praesume were the rela- ltus. Mar. \\ 
tioDS true in ajiy parte 1 should have received some intimation 
from you to that effect ; however yf" the intermission of 
ower letters, any thing to that effect hath happened, 1 expect 
the rcsultes of yt first from your selfo, as Leeiug individuall in 
my respect, withoute making these addresses to others. I 
wrote you one very long letter, and fear that there was to much of 
my owne perticular in yt ; 'tis a faulte I can easilie mende, though 
againsle [the Prince of Wales] take his joiirny. 1 humbly 
beseech you in convenient tymc to thincke -of. me, unless you 
believe the subject uncapable of the pretence ; [then the passe] 
desired before maye be neccssarye. Att leaste such a recom- 
mendation iu general! to [the Queene] and [Prince of "Wales] 

of [meo] by the Marquis of A'T ], or whoe you have or d oe 

thincke fo'tte [to sende into France]; it maye be visible to them. 
I am one will be avoued [in Scotland. The Prince of Wales] 
dott not remove this G weekes nor can sooner possiblye be 
readye. I received lastc weeke to letters from him all written 
with his owne handes; the tenure of them being I should 
speedily receive orders whether to repayre unto him. [The 
Queen's counsayle] ar hugely devided; to of them beeing dealt 
with from henee and the only to c that have power to oppose 
[Scotland] all they can, and devert the [Prince of Wales] from 
yt. This 1 can assure you is truth, though I heare with all 'tis 
not likelie to prevayle, since the generality's of English in 
France second [the Queen's] inclynation to [Scotland.] 
Xewes here is none but that the armye and the Parlia- 
ment have indemnified one another like the brothers of the 
Sword in the f King and noe King/ w ch was don by a publick 
vote of both houses. The ablest amongste them pretend to 
desire an accomodation, and that the King maye be restored 
to some moderate power again. I feare a lapwing cryeth. 
farthest from the nest ; else eertainely 'tis the true interest of 
■ "By" is probably omitted. " Antrim. c Two. 



24 HAMILTON TAPERS. 

1648, Mar. £5. ' both King-domes to accomodate this present difference specdilye, 
and to applye, as you saved, lenitives rather than corrosives. To 
conclude in the worlde you have not a fayethfullcr 

serveut then 

J. Fen. 
By the post cometh I beseech you lett mee heare from you. 



20. ■ to Lord Lanark-. 

My Lord, 
1G48, Mar. £*. Senco my last to [your Lordship little of any] moment hath 
passed here more then the emission of [the Parliament's] 

answere to [ ] papers (the woorke of [Master Nat 

Feenes]) and the impeachment of the foure Aldermen in the 
Tower, whom when they could not iuvite to submitt to their 
wayes they now will force by their authoritie and power. Their 
[design] now on foot is to [adjourn the Parliament] that therby 
they may be the more easily dispose [of their army and] the 
other advantages. I observe [King's party] and Presbiteriari 
too much to apprehend this [design. No thing can hinder] 
this, [but your armies march into England.] It is true Com- 
missary Copley in Headsoare n hath desired me to acquaint 
[your Lordships with a bussiness of great] consequence [and it 
is] this [Henry Martin] (notwithstanding all his severe speeches 
and writings [against the Scots' affairs) sente] to [Commisary 
Copley] intreating him to [use his best endeavours] to recon- 
cile him [to Scotland] ami that [ho] and [his party] (w cU would 
appeare for Monarchic) might be [received into that] of [Lords] 
and that nothing '• w dl they would not do to [destroy Cromwell 
and his party] who was the falsest of mankinde ; and if [Scot- 
land would] give him [assurance] and countenance [his] actions 

* i.e. lladsor. b J there was nothing. 



ADDENDA. 25 

in [Parliament] lie doubted not lint lie should [defeat Cromwell 1G1S, Mar. £j. 
and his party]; assuring withall [he had four regiments] ready 
at his [service] and indeed [that party is] at this [time very] 
mutinous, and expects a faire [opportunity] to decline [Crom- 
well's commands] (hearing" [Fairfax's and Cromwell's] resolu- 
tion is to [despatch] the chief heads and abaters 11 of that paitic) 
and therfore [Master Copley] finding y l [design] of so great 
consequence encouraged him to porsne [his design], assnreing 
him [that little] interest [he had in Scotland] should be heartily 
employed for so good a purpose, and he doubted not to give him 
a good accompt, provideing y 1 he would be as constant to these 
second thoughts as he had been to the first. The consideracion 
of this will not be unworthie of your serious [council] and [to] 
returne [your opinion what is fit to be done. Colonel Ledger is 
gone to York] weell advised to [ be h the Scots party]. 

[Your friends in France] are much astonished y* [they hear 
nothing] both of [your] declarations [and] actions w ch , as I 
conceave, is the true cause y l vow have so litle assurance of 
arms and money. Otherwise [?] you need not apprehend anie 
thing of inconstancie or irresolution in there counsells, but the 
particulars 1 leave to [Captain Moyle's letter.] 

It is observable that these two last dayes the Cabinet coun- 
sall men are much busied and destracted in their waves, and 
men of good judgement here conceaves that, if vow have no 
division amongst yourselves, they are confident this armie can. 
never be brought unanimous to a rendezvous to ingage against 
that party whieh will declare for Monarchic, and thogh great 
art and diligence is employed for the raiseing of money, and 
much money is alreadie gathered, yet the distempers and dis- 
contents of their armie are so manic that they dare not pay the 
souldyers anie part of the arreares, fearing that they would 
desert the service. The consideration of these and manie other 

* i.e. abetters. b ? be of . 

CAMD. SOC. E 



2G HAMILTOH l'APLIIS. 

1648, Mar. $$. acccdents hath much encouraged all honest men of Hie Citie to 
stand constant to their resolution and nothing 1 can make them 
weavre hut your delayes. This is all 1 have to represent to you 
at this tjme being late and I indisposed to write. God prosper all 
your loyall and religious endeavours. 
London, 14th March. 



21. MlINGO MtJERAY TO THE Eaul OF IjAXAUK. 

My Lord, 
1648, Mar. £g. [The schipes that] should a ben [in Scotland] sax weekes 
[ago] is turned in on," which [com to Deipe] sax days [ago] and 
[Sir vTilliem Fleniinge] is this day to he [despacht with his to] 
Scotland. Ther [comes letters and reports dayly heir that putes 
us in greate fearsj Lot the Queen and Prince [ar much] cher- 
falcr 1 ' [sine Magecr Putharfourde's [cuminge. The Prince] is 
altogether sete [for goinge to Scotlande.] The Irish makes 
[great prefers and wolde have] the [Prince to thar.] c Mr. 
[Ashhurnham the clarge d of Englande] ar joyned with all their 
pouer to make some reconsiliation [betwixte the Kino-e and 
ermye] and at least if yon should enter England with an erme, c 
it is beleved [that will] bringe the Kinge upon thade] of thars f 
and doe all thingos [in hes nem?] to deceaue [thepeipil.] The 
French [wiris '' of u^.] Cod grante by his power you may be 
the maine instrument of reestablishinge the Kin^e and his 
posterity and recoveringe your cuntrie's honor. It shall be my 
studeto express myself yor to 

faithful and htunbol servant. 
March the 2:,, 1CAS. 

* i.e. returned in one. b Chccrfnller. e ? to » r o there. 

d i.f. the clergy. e i.e. an army. I ? the head of theirs. 

I i.e. name. '' Wearies. 



ADDENDA. 27 

22. Ld. Jermyn? to the Earl of Lanark ? [decipher.] 

j\Iy Lord, 

Give me libertic to add some tiling besids what is newes lW8,Mar.££. 

wreten to you by my lord Leiutenants, w ch is that you wilbe 
pleased to take care and soc give order that the Scotish forces 
in Ireland, by there corespondence with Oeu Oneill, and those 
of the Irish forces lying next to them give not him or those 
forces, such assurenccs of sccuretie as maye leave them at 
libertie to drawe there forces towards the southern e countries 
of lrland, to molest those of the Irish there that are better 
affected to joyn in the service now designed for the King. 
Oeu Oneill being jelous of the other Irish forces is resolved to 
drawe his forces towards them, w ch wilbe a great interruption to 
the service if some course be not in that case taken by the Scots 
to use a diversione, w ch I presume maye be done with such wari- 
ness as it neid not at all ind anger the Scotish partie. The 
bearer S r William Fleming gocth hence soe full of the know- 
ledge of all affaires here, he being also desired by Marq 8 Ormond 
to speake perticulerly witli you of all concerning your ownc 98. 
4. and those of 1 GO Countie, in relation therunto, that 1 need 
not at this time be any further troublesome to yow with any 
other relations then such as he is able and authorised to make 
onto yo r Lo p . The Queen and Prince of AVales aud all that are 
considerable there' have placed ther conlideuce in yow and the 
Duck Hamilton, though these want not those here that wo la 
doe yow prejudice and lave hould on Marq s representations 
from some freinds of yours out of Scotland. But upon my 
lyffe, they have no poure to begett any mistrust of yo r affections: 
this 1 imparte only to yo r Lo 1 '. 

From yo r Lo p3 most 

faithfull and 

humble servant. 
* tSic, ? here. 



28 HAMILTON PAPERS. 



23. 143 to the Earl of Lanark. 

My Lord, 
iG4S,Mar. Your Lop 1 ' 3 of y c 7 l!l of March i.s come to niee»; the enclosed I 

shall deliver as sooue as I can finde him to whome it [is] 
directed, w eh yet I cannot, but am in hope I shall tynie enough, 
that he may give your Lop p an accounte of the receipt of it him- 
self. 624 tokle me that 1 sent you from 571 was for yourLop ! \ J 
have fowndc means to [have private conference with the Duke 
of York], whoe is resolved notwithstanding [503 his engage- 
ment to Parliament willing. I tokle him he] cowltle [onder 1 * not 
make] any ingagement [in a bnssines of] soc publiqae concern- 
ment in [relation both to K. and Kdoms without his fathcre's] 
consent. If [King come in and him which he coneeaves will 
absolve him from his pro]mise. to which you will I hope finde 
617 [sally don. Shortly the designo of 022 c crowning in case 
there he a necessity [that monarchi[i] call govern] ment 
[must] continue, is freshly thought upone ; this for the present 
/is all I shall trowble your Lop 1 ' with, being 
My Lorde, Your Lop r ' s 

Moste humble and 

most faithfull servant 

143. 



24. Earl of Lanark to D 1 ' A. Fraser. 

o Edinburgh. April 12. 

1648 \ 13 Upon Munday last I received yours of the 4' h of this month. 
Mv hopes that this expresse will come sooner to jou than the 

» ? Bamfield. b Under age. 

c ? The iHtke of Gloucester. 



ADDENDA. 20 

ordinary post keeped »ee from -writing- to you by it last night. 1648, Apr. 12. 
I findc you have been informed of my sickues.se. One day I 
confesse it overcame me, but noe more, and I hope you shall 
sooner hear of my death then that I shall be soe keeped from 
performing- of my dutyes at this time; yet before you hear of 
either, I despaire not Lut you will fmde that the prophctick 
Lord whose prudence and asiatique eloquence you soe much 
admire may he mistaken ; for all that hetherto hath heen done 
[in the House of Lords a hath boon carryed in dispight of] 
Argyle and "will be see still, if good be done at all, for yesterday 1 ' 
it was voted in Parliament that all the articles of the covenant 
were highly broken in the sight of God, Angells, and men ; 
and. many articles of the treaties were violated three demands to 
the Houses of Parliament wer concluded upon. The first con- 
cerning the coven [au]t and religion, the establishing of Pres- 
byteriall Government], and against toleration : the second that 
his Ma tie may come to some of his houses in or neere London 
with honour freedom and safety, whore the Parliaments of both 
Kingdomes may make their applications to him for settling a 
religious and Well grounded peace. The third is that to the end 
all the members of both Houses who have been faithfull in this 
cause may with safety returne and attend their charges, the 
Parliament may sitt and rot in freedome and safety. Both 
kingdemes without interruption may make their applications to 
his Ma tie , and the settling- of Religion and Peace be not longer 
hindered or obstructed. The present army under the command 
of Thomas Lord Fairfax of Cameron may be disbanded. To all 
these and all the disputes concerning them only Argyle and 
Cassillis, Waristou and L. of B. were discentiug. Balmerino 
and diverse others of that party were ashamed of their imperti- 
nent opposicion and voyced with us. Traquar and Calander 

* There must l>e a mistake lure. One would expect Parliament to l>e indicated. 
b April 11, Acta »f Purl, of Scvtl., vol. vi. part ii. 23. 



30 



HAMILTON PAPERS. 



1C48, Apr. 12. were not soe mucli as present at the debates soe as what is done 
is carried against the one and without the assistance of the 
other parly. Yon may possibly think our demands concerning 
religion impertinent : I doe soe too. Yet certainly they are most 
necessary at this time and the more unreasonable the better, 
for then wee are sure to have chem dcnycd and without a pre- 
text of religion it is impossible to engage this Kingdom. Be- 
fore these demands be sent, which we most resent, the orders is 
to be passed and sent through the country for [puting] (which is 
only to be by a messenger who is to have a time limited to him 
for his returne) [the Kingdome in a pistur* of defence] and to 
be ready to march as they shall be commanded. This wee are 
to-morrow to resolve upon in Pari 1 , together with ane an s were 
to eight demands presented to us by the Commissioners of the 
Kirk, wherein wee have resolved to goe a very extraordinary 
length- to give them satisfacion. [Yet we know it to be] impossi- 
ble, [and so will be free to] proceed to our dutyes [without them], 
wherin I confesse we make but a very dull and lazie progresse ; 
yet this last week hath sett us now [soe] agoeiug, as nothing but 
[the Parliament's granting] Lords a treaty [can preventt our 
enga[g]ment though] ic will yet take a long time ere [we can be 
ready to march with] an [army,] but believe it, that nothing 
imaginable is left undone by [some of us.] 



25. to James Giesox.'' 

S' Aprill 24. 

Am "4 I was made believe that your servant who brought me the 

May*, last favour from you was to returne so suddenhe that I could 

scarslie give you thanks for it, butt I finde his stay to be now 

such that 1 may give you a further trouble, for certainlie all 

4 for "posture/' '• ? Lanark. 



ADDENDA. 31 

tliat ever 1 can say may justli have tliat title though you are j-. g A pr. 24 . 
still pleased to bee more civil! then to forbid it me. Itt is much "V 4 - 

rejoycing to your servant that you so perfectlie overcome all 
difficulties of health as those of bussnesse, for what can suceede 
happilie ever to us, I am certaine comes from your care. The 
greatest part of honest persons, beleeve now bussnesse in all 
placs in a reasonable good condition so doth I am confident 
301 ; for I spoke with one that saw how ycvv merrie too daies 
since' those that have the kindnesse 306 hath to 313 have faith 
enough to thinek they 3,95 bee 1G4, but generally people are- 
afraid of examination 55 was afraid 702 would nott [?■] 239 strictly 
presse a conscience to it, therfore left it bee forgotten. If you 
doe nott 258, 552, 37, to 032, 275, 98 this king [?] domes affaire 
without 285 healpe [heere they make that busenessc nothing) 
315 said it would bee but ton daie more troable, butt one of the 
chiefe men of their parts told 185, 200, 258, 134, 270, 02 his 
strength 271, 202, 05, 253, 98, 00, 205 against 20-1 they were so 
united and resolved there is yett no certaintie abroad of what 
the Dukes though sometime they said it was gone 80, 284. I 
shall wish all they may contribute to the 30, 142, 17 of 258, 
301 glorie 205, 258, 312, there is some thing this day discovered 
that much incensess 258, 07 which I know you will have a bettre 
relation of the from 300. AVee expect every day 80, 103 now 
that 284, 138" done her no good. I shall hope to live to see 284 
to understand that affaire, and confirme you much more my 
beeing 

Y r constant 

humble servant. 



? bath. 



32 hamilton tapers. 

2(3. Thomas Howtox to - 



Sir, 
1CI8, Mny T \. We are Lore about nine score officers and gentlemen of 
quality mounted and very nere an 100 gents on foote. There 
are commmge out of the countrcy good store of foote (as the 
gentlemen promise) but most part unarmd. We make use of 
the townesmen for ordinary guardes, and places confidents of our 
owne upon all places of consequence, but we rely upon our owne 
selves, for w cU purpose wo for the most part of us are togeather 
all the night either in the streete or in some place coveniont to 
be in readinesse upon all occasions. We want amies exceed- 
ingly, here being divers bronchos that will require fire amies. I 
thanke vow for your infinite favours to me, and to the messenger 
that brought vow the newes. Be confident whatsoever is in my 
power shall conduce to your interest. I have herewith sent the 
cipher desired, and begge your pardon for this plaine expression 
of myselfe, it beinge your commande shall be obeied by 

Your most humble servant 

Thomas Howtox. 

Berwicke, 

30 April], 1G1S. 

It is reported the post that brought the pacquett was staied 
at Belfourdor Morpeth, and sent bakke to Newcastle. If it had 
corned hether it should have passed. Sir Will. Selby is in this 
towne come that day we came hither from Sir Arthur Hesel- 
rigge, to whome he promised to secure this towne from the 
cavaliers. M r Maior brought me the commissioners' letter to 
desire him to be caret' ull of the towns accordinge to the treaty and 
to hinder the cavaliers from the surprizall therof. He returned 
them noe answere, as he afirmes. 



ADDENDA. 33 



27. 282 to the Eahl of Lanark. 

My ever honored Lord 

Although this possibly may miscarry and fall into the hands 16-18, May -^ 
of Sir Arthur/ yett hee shall not find any thing to please him, 
because the successe of loyal] undertakings are everyday more 
visible, nor shall I repeat what wee heare from our freinds in 
the north, because the}" are better knowen there,, — but shall 
assure you that our friends in Wales are still prosperous ; that 
they have taken the Towno and Castle of Cardiffe, the most 
considerable in those partes; that North Wales hath associated 
with them and intend speedily to appeare, into w ch associacion 
the Marches of Wales and Staffordshire are said to bee included, 
and the Lord Byron is reported to bee on foote in Lancashire, 
with a good body of horse, intending fo assist the Welsh. It is 
most certaine that Cromwell was advanced as far as Abingdon 
ag* these with 5000 horse and foote and a trayno of 9 peeces : 
some say hee is by this time at Glocester,'* but the generall 
rumor is that hee is privately retorned, havcing in a mutiny of 
his forces about Abingdon killed 2 or 3 of his souldiers, who 
notwithstanding have seyscd on his artillery and amunicion and 
declared ag< him (wee say for the King.) Tis most certaine his 
forces are mutinous enough : yesterday the general sent againe 
to have the 2 Regiments drawen from Whitehall and the Mews 
who have the same spiritt of disobedience and say they will not 
march. From the West 1 here that Bristoll is staggering, that 
Plymouth hath not accepted a garrison, and that Pendennis is 
not yett delivered ; but this is certaine the Cornish are highly 
discontented, because at this time S* H. Waller is disarmeing and 

• i.e. Sir Arthur Etazlerigg, Governor of Newcastle. 
b Cromwell reviewed his forces at Gloucester on May 8. 
CAMD. SOC. F 



1C48, May ^ 



34 HAMILTON PAPERS. 

secureiug all those hee cannot boo confident of. Thus much 
for the matter of Avar; as for peace the Houses yett cannot find 
the way to it, yett Marten on Thursday saved that hitherto hee 
had been ag l the King, but because they would have one hee 
was contented, as seeing no possibility to bee governed without 
one, and therefore hee proposed that, although they had very 
hardly used both the King- and his party, yett that they might 
joyne to restore them, and not to submitt to the Bcotts, who 
would ruine them all. This part as from him, and nothing 
was donne upon it. That day the Essex peticion was brought 
through London by at least 2000 horse and foote, who were, as 
they passed, received with infinite expressions of joy by the 
Citty, but theire answere at Westminster was not so acceptable, 
as you will find in the printed relation, which have so exasperated 
them as they have forced the E. of Warwick to signe warrants 
to put them all m a posture of defence ag* this day seavennight : 
besides the whole county is resolved to pay no more excise, 
■ taxes, or free q[uarter]. Theire neighbours of Norff. and Snff. 
are following theire example. On Friday and Saturday the 
Houses were busy about raiseing of new forces, and putting the 
Kingdome into a' posture, and yett they voted they would main- 
teyne the union betweene the 2 Kingdomcs and the Covenant, 
and send againe the proposicions delivered the King at Hamp- 
ton Court, but did not name the King or any addresse or per- 
sonal! treaty with him. Yesterday I heare they voted that 
theire General 1 shall have authority to levy men and money at 
his pleasure for the defence of the Kingdome and Parliament, a 
power they never thought fitt to bee in the King or consistent 
with the safety of the people. To conclude they heere make a 
shew of complyance \v ,h yee, but feare nothing more then a 
treaty with the* King (& w ch is your second proposicion) and 
intend nothing lesse. Therefore the [mere active yee are 
espetially with an army, the more yee will shew your] affection [to 
his Ma tic and his cause and if] a treaty ensue [make yours and his 



ADDENDA. 35 

conditions] the better. If the present distractions slionld hinder 1648, May -;\ 
future entercourse, yett I desire still to bee esteemed 

Your most faithfull and 

obliged servant 

■282. 

9 May 1648. 

It were only the Lords that yesterday voted the General! the 
power, but not concurred to by the Comons, and this day the 
Comons have voted the Citty to have theire Militia and to place 
the L l of the Tower. 



28. McNGO MUSRAY TO THE EAKL OF LANARK. 

My LOED, • Paris, the 30 of May. 

I have litell to say to your Lo. bot what I have wreten in my 1648, May §3. 
formar and parteculnrly in niy last 3 befor the [last weeks 
newes. Wee] wer exalted [but, upon that blow the Welch 
got, we were humbled a litel; at this day's news upp againe]. 
The Prince is unexpresably disirous of himself and unpascient 
to [be amonges you] ; for the Queen and hee ar heir [soliciting 
for moneys;] fur what was [asayndto the Queen] the French 
has [disposed]. The lousing* of Cutrie" is a great hindrance, 
and the discontentes of the peipcll increases. I [belive S r 
William Fleminge] his [dispaeli will not be so soon as you ex- 
pect] for we are heir of a slow mosion. Late nothinge rctarde 
yow from that greate and nobell worke in preserveinge and 
delayveringe your king and your nation and famalay. [Let 
nothing hinder Lord Duke from] beinge [Generall], altho ther 
besume [rubes] east in heir from whence [sover.] It is thought 

■ Court mi. 



36 HAMILTON* PAPERS. 

1648, ^lav |g that this sursesicm in Irlande will contribeut mouch to the good 
woorke in liande. The [Leiutenant of Ierland grows impasient 
at ther delayes and so at] the "Welch. I shall think e myself 
hape in resevinge your Lo. commandes for I am sincerlay 

Your Lo. faithfnll 

and humhcl servant. 

Lat this present my most humbal service to 1113* Lo. Tre- 
soronr by S r William Fleminge. I will wret to his Lo. 



20. to 



Sir, 
1648 Qanfl 6. Upon the returne of 103, and that I feare all 154 misfortunes 
157, 3, 3, were concluded to bee altogether 81, 302 action 306 
was so much concerned that 155 resolved to begg the favour of 
knowing some thing in that affaire, for it is impossible 300 can 
beleeve 284, 244, l<8, 66, 2G5, 230, '161 handsomely as 303 
would make it appeare 253, 185. I con fosse it might be likelv 
enough to. have it in 28-1 power to revenge some little pretended 
injury and that I could consent to, butt to act against that 
honour 302 hath more then all the world beside 155, 243, 20, 
creditt, but from 285, -10, 233, 726. I believe it never in their 
powers to doe 284 any discourtesie if it were 300 cannot think 
303 worthy of any friendship if they could but imagine those 
uuworthinesscs, it is a great wisdom to trie many more then 
trust, therefore 155 beseech 302 to put 30G kindness to the toueh- 
stone b}- some sense that 284 may see how greedily 155 should 
inibrace death to serve 302 in. I am sory this must bee with 
you before they can bee any certain account given of what wee doe 
inKentjthe expresse that the [Pari iament] bad yesterday 118,201 
commissioners 277 2SG, to declare nothing that I can heare, but 
of an answeare given you which they much boast of as a perfect 



ADDENDA. 37 

Victoria over all that hath bin given in against them. They ,.„ May 27 

fe B J 1648, — - ..• 

make very inconsiderable both what you can doe or say, though J un( ? '■>• 

I believe they will nott have so much ocasion to brag before 
you ieave them. Theythinck Lambert enough to destroy you 
all, therfore the General is hastening with his strength to the 
Kentish men. They have already maid good to Deepford a7id 
taken some troupes of the Parliaments take all horses who a they 
can get of that side presoners. They have force enough butt 
there is yett no head declard they solicitt much 310. Gentlemen 
are fearfull of engaging before that appeare. The Cittie hath 
made a new promises of fidelitie to [the Parliament]; butt their 
[Mayor] tolde the House that hee could nott finde there would tow- 
men goe out of a ward, therfore they were best to keep those in 
towne of thearmie that they had orderedto remove. They sent out 
five hundred horse last night, butt they deard goe no further then 
Southwarke. It is thought whatsoever the masters consent to, 
the apprentices will bee in a body on Tuesday, the day for 
Kent, almost twenty thousand. It is beleeved by matiy that 
part of 284, 151, 77, some 253, 2(3.1, allready. Certainly there 
can be no such opertunitie as 250 if 312, 82 ready; for 258, 25-1, 
146, ]324, 50, will bee drawne most 259, 272. There maybe- 
little appearances of our docing good amongst ourselfes ; but 
186 hopes 72, 157, 258, 312, therfor lctt them nott deceive any 
that beleeves well of them. You will have by many I doubt 
nott the story of the Prince of Kent. 1 ' It hath discovered a great 
affection of the people ; for the Lo. Thanett that was the first 
man desired to command in that countrey and brought up the 
relation of the affaires there, lice professed the multitudes were 
so great to see the t hinge that called himself e Prince of Wales, 
that the House was in a possibilitie of beeing pulled downe by 
crouding. Hee hath gotten many presents of gold and rich 
clothes, if hee can now make an escape with them. I have some 
ocasion to keep me a little in towne, though I cannot beleeve 

• ? "They take all horses and who." 

* An impostor bad personated the Prince of Wales. 



38 HAMILTON PAPEES. 

May 27. myselfe very secure bear. 31 G hath left the towne with all 
' 'June 6. his familie and ventured towards your quarter. There is only 
to encourage me 303 and 313 whose feares are -great enough j 
butt they are in phisick and cannot yett gde out of towne, or 
otherwise they would daylie pray the Almightie to preserve 302 
that 155 may live. 

Your constant 

humble servant 

320. 
May 27. 



30. 450 to ? the Duke of Hamilton. 

Mi Lord 

Be mine to Lanerick and to Lau a [derdale] you will perceave 

1C4S,— Iay 27 ' the aecompt of that hath passed since Sir Will Fleamings 

June 0. L , . .. . . , ,. . T 

and "Will Murray s" arrival! is remitted to the next occasion. 1 

am too full of the sense 1 have of the honour you have donne 
mee to use y* method, and I will keep the same as long as I live, 
not to let any one occasion escape mee that may shew you with 
how much care I will bring- on my part all that shall invite yon 
to continue it. I think it not irregular to publick considera- 
tions that vou should know you may dispose of nice with all 
authority nor nothing more agreeable to truth and justice then 
that vou should bee confident of it, [and so had as much con- 
tentment in the vowd] assurances they [receaved of your 
affections as you can have] in the demonstrations ; [and will lie 
no lessc careful in their] acknowledgments then you have been 
to [obliJge them]. There will be oecasion now of saying much 
to you daily, but I will not expect from you you should take tho 
trouble of writing, you love it not. My lo. Lanerick will ease 
- you therein. 1 have advised with Doctor Baylye, and shall 
referre you to him for my behaveoir in that busines. I will 

• i.c. LiiuJmlule. 



ADDENDA. 39 

now adde noe more but intreat vow to beleive y 1 I am with iq-is, -^ flv 27 - 

unfeined zeal and truth most perfectly 

98, 412, 94, 236, 29, 18, 116, 62, 
47, 290 most obedient faithfull 
servant 28, 450. 



31. Ml'NGO MUKRAY TO THE EaBI OF LANARK. 

]\j y Lo. Jula . v the c > 1 ''' 18 - 

My intensions was to a cnm'd 8 in this ships my self [a purpos . „ ,, Jnne 26 . 

to a seine you, Lot Hay croste in it [?] as in moste things I Jul - V h - 

intend.] The Prince gos from this on Thursday next the 9 of 
this month. The first night he was with the Prince of Counte b 
the Prince of Conde's brother who lies invayted him, for hishous 
lays on the way to Callcs. [My Lord German sal go to Cales 

with him and to Holand] and I am confident he wil [?] 

deliver him into our hands. It is mouch fearde by sum heir 
that the Prince wil say [?] Lo. Gerr. c tales' 1 then he intendes. 
The shipes and all the Kinges counsall that ar in France ar 
to meete the Prince at dales. Prince Rupert gos with him, and 
is to continew Generall as befor. I have harde nothing from 
Sir "William Flemiuge since he went from hence, but I am tould 
heir that they belive he is in Scotland before this. [My Lord 

Newcastle is disconted e heir ? ' can nether get mone nor 

comision. It's belived he is to greate a freind to the Scotes, — 
and I have more then reson to belive [that Sir Mermdeuke 

Laugedel wil [?] hand the design. I have reseved bot 

on letter from your LoP since S ir William Flemminges cumming 
heir. Ther lu-. not on weeke oscapte me that I have not wreten 
to you Lo : this in heart which I shall ever be so to expres my 
self your Lo. fathfull and humbell servant. 

• Have come. b Conti. e ? Gerard. 

* Tell him more tales. * Discontented. f The cipher reads t s d. 



HAMILTON PAPERS. — ADDENDA. 



41 



INDEX. 



Argyle, Marquis of, the Queen hopes to 
win, 9 ; prospects of. winning, 17 

Asbburnham, John, negotiates with the 
King, 4; continues in England, 14; 

tries to reconcile the King and the 
army, 20 



B 



Berkeley, Sir Johu, movements of, 1 ; 

goes to France, 10 
Berwick, Scottish garrison in, 32 



Charles I. said to be merry, 11 

Charles, Prince of Wales', movements of, 

1,2; places confidence in Hamilton, 

24; starts for Calais, 39 
Copley, Commissary, receives overtures 

from Marten, 24 
Cromwell inveighs against monarchy, 

9; rumours of a mutiny against, 33 



1) 



Declaration justifying the vote <>f no 

addresses, 7, 9, 10 
Denbigh, Karl of, reported intention to 

visit France, 1 1 
Digby, Lord, letter of, 2 
Disbington, alleged knavery of, lu 



Fairfax, Sir T., dines in the City, 3 



Fienncs, Nathaniel, the author of an 

answer to the Scots, 2-i 
Fleming, Sir VV., to be sent, to Scotland, 

1 ; sent again to Scotland, 26, 27 ; 

delay in sending, 35; sets out, '.i'J 
F:ascr* Dr. A., letter of, 9 



G 



Gerard, Lord, in favour with the Prince, 
10 



H 

Hamilton, Dnke of, 1, 22,38 



Harrison, dissatisfaction of, 6 

Henrietta Maria, movements of, 1 ; is 
irresolute about trusting her -on to the 
Scots, 4 ; divisions in the Council of, 
23 ; confidence iu Hamilton 27 



Ireland, news from, 14, 19; the Prince 
oi Wales invited to, 20; proceedings 
of O'Neill in, 27 

Ireton, dissatisfaction of, 8 



Jenkins, Judge, brought to the Com- 
mons' bar, 14 
Jermyii, Lord, letter of, 27 



CAMD. SOC. 



42 



INDEX. 



M 



o 



Manchester, Earl of, dissents from an 

answer to the Scots, ][) 
Marten, Henry, offers to support the 

Scots, 24; wishes to restore the King, 

31 
Maynard, Sir John, anecdote of, S 
Montrose, Marquis of, to be included in 

an agreement with the Scots, 5 
Murray, Mango, letters of, 1, 20, 35, 39 



N 



NorUiumberland, Ear! of, rumoured in- 
tention to leave England, 10; help 
not to be expected from, 18 



O'Neill, Owen, jealous of the other 

Irish forces, 27 
Orniond, Marquis of, sails for France, 

1, 10; rumoured journey to Ireland 

of, 12; arrives in France, 13; his 

letter to Hamilton, 22 



Scotland, proceedings in the Parliament 
of, 20 



Vauc, Sir II., dissatisfaction of, 8 



MEMOIRS 



NATHANIEL. LOBD CREWE. 



EDITED BY 



.Rev. ANDREW CLARK 



PRINTED FOR THE CAMDEN SOCIETY. 



M.DCCC.XCI1I. 



PREFACE. 



These Memoirs are published from a quarto MS. which was 
bought by Lord Crewe's Trustees in the summer of 1891 for 
the library at Bamborough Castle. 

The author of 'An examination of the Life and Character 
of N.C. . . . wherein the writings of his several biographers . . . 
are critically reviewed and compared with a manuscript never 
before published containing curious anecdotes of that Prelate/ 
published at Loudon in 1700 (111) pages, 8vo), Lad access to a 
MS. closely resembling this but apparently not identical with 
it. With that exception, the matter now published appears to 
be as yet unprinted. 

The Memoirs add very little to the facts of Lord Crewe's life 
as set forth in ordinary biographical works; but they have 
the interest of being written from the point of view of an 
admirer, and are thereforo in strong contrast to other bio- 
graphies, which are uniformly depreciatory in tone. At the 
same time, the conception of a bishop's duties, by reference to 
which the writer praises his patron, is so widely different 
from our own, that it furnishes a pleasing example of uncon- 
scious but bitter satire. 

I have to thank Lord Crewe's Trustees for permission to 
transcribe the MS., and their Librarian, the Bev. H. F. Long, 
for his kind offices in the matter. 



IV PKEFACE. 

The Memoirs proper occupy 39 folios of the MS., written on 
one side only of the leaf. The hand is a neat copy-book hand 
of the eighteenth century, and there are several bad mistakes 
which show that the scribe had difficulty in reading the 
original and was without the meagre knowledge of history 
and geography which would have helped him through. From 
this I infer that he was an illiterate writing-master, employed 
to transcribe from the author's MS. because he wrote a good 
hand. 

A former owner of the MS. has written a few notes in the 
Memoirs proper, and has added at the beginning and end a 
great many excerpts from Dugdale's Baronage, Guillim's 
Heraldry, Browne Willis, etc., about the Crewe family and 
their monuments in the chapel at Stcane. I have called this 
writer "the second hand," but have omitted those of his 
7iotes which have no direct bearing on the actual text of the 
Memoirs. 

The second hand has prefixed this title : — 

" The Life of the R* Hon 1,le Nathaniel, Lord Crew, Bishop of 
Durham, compiled from the Minutes of the Bev d D r John Smith, 11 
Prebendary of Durham ; with some curious Memoirs communi- 
cated to him by his Lordship to whom he was sometime Chap- 
lain ; 

"With an accou[n]t of the Monuments of this Family in 
their Burial place at Steane chapel ; 

" And a copy b of Dr. Grey's Deposition c concerning y e Dis- 

* John Smith was installed iu tbe 7th stall at Durham, 26 Sept., 1695, ami held it 
till his death, on 30 July, 171."). He graduated D.D. of Si. John's College, Cambridge. 
in 1 GOO, and was buried in the chapel there. 

b This copy is written on a folio sheet inserted in the MS., by a different hand. 

c The deposition of Richard Grey is printed at the end of the 18S8 edition of Tht 
Laudian Code of Statutes. 



PREFACE. V 

tribution of Bishop Crew's Benefaction to the University of 
Oxford. 

"N.B., a copy of tin's MSS." is in Lincoln College Library." 
As Dr. Smith died in 1715, the compiler must have added 
from other sources the account of the closing- years of Crewe's 
life. This last part of .the narrative is meagre in the extreme. 
I have therefore appended some additional matter for the years 
1717 to 1722 from contemporary papers among the Rawlinson 
(Thomas Hearne's) and Ballard (Arthur Charlottes) MSS. in the 
Bodleian. 

Andrew Claret. 

a This can refer only to the deposition, which is fonnd in a college MS. called 
Exemjilificatio Chartarum, written by William Yesey, Fellow L703-1753. No copy 

of John Smith's MS. Life of Lord Crave is known to exist in Lincoln College. 



MEMOIBS 

OF 

NATHANIEL, LORD CREWE. 



S r Thomas Crew, Knight, King's Serjeant at Law, & Son a to 
S r Randolph Crew of y e antient Family of y e Crews of Crew in 
Cheshire, dy'd in Loudon, Jan. 31 st in y c Year 1633. He 
was Speaker of y e House of Commons in y e last Parliam 1 of 
King James I. & also in y c first of Charles I., & one of y e Lords 
Justices of Ireland before y e war. He marry'd a Daughter of 
Reginald Bray, Esq 1 "., of Steene who was a Coheiress. 

His eldest Son John Crew, Esq'., was Member of Parliam* 
for y e County of Northampton. Petitions for y e Redress of 
Greivances were sent up to him from y e County. The King 
and Counsel insisted upon his laying those Petitions before 
y m , but he decli'u'd doing it, for fear of being thought unfaithful 
to his Trust. He was committed to y* Tower for this Refusal, 
& went in at y e Iron-gate, thro' which none but Tray tors were 
us'd to Pass. His Estate was about 4000£ a Year. He was in 
y e Country during part of Lord Strafford's Tryal, & therefore 
when he came to Town, he declin'd voting ag l y* Lord. Where- 
upon Letters were sent into y e Country w th these expressions, 
" Crew is a Strafi'ordian," " Crew is a Papist/' At Uxbridge he 
was one of y f ' Commission™ for y e Parliam*. The king walk'd 
w tu him in y c Garden at X 1 Church in [Ox] ford b & discoursed 
particularly concerning Episcopacy w th him; & Mr. Crew said, 

* The second hand corrects "son'' to "yonnger brother." 

b Two letters here, and several on corresponding places in folios 2-S, are eaten oat 
by worms. 

CAMD. S0C. B 



2 MEMOIRS OF NATHANIEL, LORD CREWE. 

f as far as he could Judge, y c kins' understood y c Controversy 
as well as any of his Chaplains. At this Treaty y c king said of 
him, " Crew, tho' he be ag f me, is an honest Man." In 1346, 
lie was one of y c Parliam* Commission" who rec' 1 y c king from 
y e Scots at Newcastle, & carry 'd him to Holdenby in 
Northamptonsh. June y c 4* 1017, y e king & all f Com- 
mission' 8 were seiz'd by Cornet Fryce, 1 * & carry'd away from 
Holdenby. In September 1648, he was sent a Commissioner 
from r Parliam* to y 8 king m y c Isle of "Wight, & in y e same 
Year, December y e 5 th , he voted y e kings Concessions a 
Sufficient ground for a Treaty. The Day following, he & many 
others were excluded y c House by y c Army, & confin'd in 
Lodgings in y c Strand. He & all y e other secluded Members 
were restored, Feb. 2P f , by Monk in y c Year 1659, And in 
order to y e accomplishing the Bestauratiou, there was a Meeting 
at Mr." Crew's House in Queen Street, w th General Monk & 
some of y e most eminent Citizens of London. They had not 
been there above an Hour, before a Troop of Horse came and 
beset y e House ; upon w dl all y c Company was let out y c back 
way thro' the Stables, &byy l means a Discovery was Prevented. 
When y e king was invited Home by y c Parliam', M r . Crew's 
eldest Son was one of y e Six Commission 13 sent. over upon y* 
occasion, & was knighted by his Majesty. His Father con- 
tribited much to y* Kcstnuration, & if y l had not Succeeded, 
had inevitably lost his Estate. In 1660, he was therefore 
created Baron of Stecne, & y c Chancellors* of y e Exchequer 
was offer' d to him, w cU he refund. Three Months after, he was 
• ask'd again if he would take it, & again rei'us'd to accept of it. 
He was wont to say, f if he was to be [gin e ye] World again, 
he wo* never be concern'd in Publick affairs. Before he was 
created a Baron he was first chosen Member of Parliam 1 for 
Agmondesham by y c Earl of Bedford's Interest, & afterw da 
for v e County of Northampton. Ho was a Man of Perfect 
» FoL 2. b Sic,iov "Joyce." c Letters eaten out by worms. 



MEMOIRS OF NATHANIEL, LORD CREWE. 6 

Manners & good Breeding, of Piety and Learning, & Particu- 
larly a Critick in y c Latin" Tongue. He dy'd Dec r 12 th 1G49. 
He had 7 Sons & 2 Daiirs by his Lady Jemima who was Daur 
to Edw. Walgrave Esq* of Lanford in y c County of Essex. 
Nathaniel was y e 5 th Son & born Jan T > r 31, 1633. He had so 
delicate an Ear, 1 ' y*, when he was in his Nurse's Arms, upon 
hearing Discord in Musick, he said, ff y e Musick cries." 
In 1642, he was sent to London & plac'd under y e care of 
one Mr. Bishop, c who had been a Westmiust 1 ' Scholar, & Student 
of X r eh. He quickly made so great a Proficiency in y c Latin 
Tongue, y* ho Perfectly understood . . . d and acted a part in 
2 of his Plays. From this Private Mast 1 , he was remov'd to 
y e Publiek School at Cheynell in Bnckinghamsh., whereof 
Mr. A^all was Mast 1 ', who bred up many excellent Scholars. 
He continu'd here, till lie was Head of y e School & become a 
good Mast? of y L ' Greek & Latin Tongues. The low & sinking 
State of y u University prevented his going thither immediately 
from School, & therefore he was assisted in his Studies for 
some time at Steene, by Mr. Hickman y e j a Lecturer of 
Brackley. He was also attended by Masters of Musick, & 
made such Improve m 1 und r y m at leisure hours, to divert 
himself from his more Serious Employing y* he was able to 
p r form on Several Instrum ts at Sight, & in Consort. 

In Sepfc 1 1052, he was sent to y e University of Oxon, &enterd 
Commoner of Lincoln College, 1 ' where his good parts & Diligence 
recommended him so effectually to y' favour of y c Society, y* he 

■ Fol. 3. 

b But see Wood - * Life anil Times (edit. Clark, 1801). i. 2G4. 

c Henry Bishop, see Alumni Wettmtm. 

d Blank in MS. ; '• Terence *' is to be supplied. 

e In the University Matriculation Register, under date 23 May, 1C53,. we have 
" Nnthanael Crew, pxaiigeri filius " and '■ Samuel Crew," Nathaniel's brother. The 
second hand notes here that " Dr. .1 n. Barnard was his " (Nathaniel's) " Tutor : vide 
Dr. YVm. King's Hemaint, page 25.'' John Barnard, Fellow of Lincoln 1G4S-1G5G ; 
D.D. G July, 1GG9. 



4 MEMOIRS OF NATHANIEL, LOUD CREWE. 

■was Chosen fellow of y c College as soon as lie was Batchelor of 
Arts in y*' 3-ear 1650." In Xovemb 1 y c same Year lie was appointed 
Moderator of y c Disputat" 3 in Logick & Ethicks,'' being known to 
be abundantly Qualify ed, tho' lie was BO Young, for y c Discharge 
of y* Office; & yet Lis great Proficiency in Philosophical Studyes 
had not interfcrd w tb his Progress in Classical Learning. For 
he was exceedingly well versd in y c best Roman & Greek 
Writers. He was wont to repeat an Iliad in Homer every week 
for his Diversion, & w tl often say, y l if . . . . e could have puzl'd 
him in Homer he w' 1 have givQH him leave to whip him. His 
Emulation w lh his Servitour, who was a Man of Parts it an In- 
defatigable Student, made him rise at y e Earliest hours & spend 
y e day in y c Closest Application, being apt to be fir'd w ,h Emu- 
lation, & unable to bear y'' thoughts of being out Done. His 
Father sent him some Books w th an advice to read Multum, & 
not Multa. D r Watts/ 1 y n fellow of y c College, declared to c the 
Fellows upon Mr. Crews being chosen Moderator, y 4 he did not 
at all doubt, but he w d be chosen Rector if y c old Rector f did 
but live 7 Years; which happen'd aceordingly. 

In 1058, he took y 1 ' Degree of M.A., & was appointed by y e 
Proctor Seniour of y* Act; 8 & there being no Doctor in any 
Faculty, y 1 Year, he entertain'd, as y e Statutes directs, y e 

* Nathaniel Crew and Samuel Crew took their B.A. on 1 Feh., 1655-6. Nathaniel 
was elected into a Lincoln diocese fellowship on V May, 1656. 

b The College titles of the offices are the Moderator in Logic, who presided over 
the disputatious of undergraduates, and the Moderator in Philosophy, who presided 
over the disputations of Bachelors of Arts. N. Crewe held both ofiiees from 6 Nov., 

1656, to 5 Nov., 165S. The combination of the two offices was unusual, and perhaps 
dne to domestic dissensions in the College. 

c Name or word lost, eaten out by the worm. 

d Gilbert Wats, Fellow of Lincoln, 9 Fee., Kill, F.D. 1 Nov., ir,42, died 9 Sept., 

1657. lie had been Senior Fellow since li'Ao. 
« Fol. 4. 

' Paul Hood, D.L\ ; elected Rector 20 Nov., J620 ; died 2 Aug., lfiGS, aged 83. 
p N. Crewe took his M.A. on 29 June, 1658, and in the Act in July that year was 
" prior opponens" i.t. " senior inccptor " (in Arts). 



MEMOIRS OF NATHANIEL, LOUD CREWE. 

whole University (The Heads of Houses, Doet", &c.) at a 
Vesper Supper in Lincoln College Hall w th equal Generosity & 
Politeness, & was at y* time taken Notice of as a Grentlem* of 
fine parts & y e most accomplished good Breeding. In y e same 
Year, Mr. Thynne, a a Gentleman Commoner of X 1 Ch., afterw ds 
L d Weymouth, being in Private one Nignt w tb Mr. Crew at Lis 
Chambers in Lincoln College, Mr. Crew said, " now we are 
alone,! declare to you, I am for y e Restanration of KingCliarles 
& ye Bpsj n & Mr. Thymic- used vo talk of this oftentimes, after 
y° Ikstanration, to Mr. Crew's Honour & advantage. Some 
time after, Dean Chvfeft b happening to see Mr. Crew pass by, 
said, "there goes a rotten Cavalier." 

Xov r . G, 1G59, being y s time of choosing y e Coll. Officers, Mr. 
Crew voted himself Bursar, 1 ' but notwithstanding y* instance of 
his Modesty, y° Society elected him, young as he was, Bnb- 
Rector. "Whose Office it is to govern in y e Hector's Absence, to 
take care of y c Exercises of y c undergraduates, to Moderate in 
y e Bachelors' Disputations in Physicks & Metapkysicks, & also 
in y° Divinity Disputations' 1 amongst y e Fellows in y e Chap pel. 
And his Discharge of this Impotent* office gave so general a 
Satisfaction, y'y Society chose him again into y c same office every 
Year for 5 Years together. In y s Year he went to Cambridge, 
& was admitted ad eundem, & because he had been Seniour of 
y e Act at Oxford, y e University of Cambridge made him one of 
y e Caput Senatus. 

* Thomas Thymic, created Viscount Weymouth 11 Dee., M82l 

b John Owen, (intruded) Dean of Ch. Ch. from l.6"»0-l to 11 March, IG^O-OO. 

c The Bursarship and iSubrectorehip of Lincoln College were annual offices, elected 
into every Nov. The procedure was that candidates were named on the evening 
of d Nov., the Rector asking the Fellows " wfeooffers himself for the Bursarship ? " 
or ' - thc Sub-rectorship?" and the election took place the next morning in Chapel. 
Crewe was Sub- rector from 6 Nov., 16D9, to o Nov., ifUJl, and from Nov., lG0;i, till 
his election to the Rectorship in IGtiS. 

d The Theology disputations took place on each Friday in Term and had to be 
attended by all members <>1" the College of MA. standing or over. 

* Sic, in error for " important.'' 



6 MEMOIRS OF NATHANIEL, LORD CREWE. 

In 1G60 lie was y e 1 st who appeared at Chappel in his Surplice 

& hood, before any order relat* to y c Habits & Ceremonies came 
out. The Rector, D r Uood, questioned him about it; M r Crew 
answ'd, he thought every Body understood his Duty in so plain 
a case, & therefore there seem'd no Necessity for a Meeting of 
y e Society to settle it. About y* time, there being an Appeal to 
y e Visitor/ ho waited on T) r Sanderson Bp. of Lincoln, & in y e 
absence of y c Bp's Officers drew up an Appeal himself y c same 
Evening y c came to Bugden. Whereupon y 6 Bp. said, " Mr. 
Grew has excellent parts." The next day y c Bp. Admitted Mr. 
Crew to his Presence and heard the Appeal read, but b being 
unable by reason of his Weakness to attend to Business, 
appointed D r Piene, c D r Bailey and D r Fell, Ueads of Magdalen 
and S l John's College and Xt. Church, his Commissioners to 
deteimiine it. In 1663 y c choice of a Proctor of y e University 
belonging to Lincoln College, Mr. Crew was elected Proctor; '' 
at which time y L ' King & all y e Court came to Oxford, & were 
entertained w th a Banquet in y' Publick Library, where M r 
Crew made a Speech to y" King. This was y e 1 st of his being 
personally known to his Majesty; and y c Opportunity of being 
made" known in these Circumstances was very favourable, for as 
no Man Understood good Speaking & Address better y n King 
Charles, So no Man spoke hotter, and address'd w tU greater 
Advantage y n Mr. Crew. After his Speech y e King wo (l have 

» The Bishop of Lincoln is by statute Vi.-itor of Lincoln College. The appeal 
was made bv John Robinson and Henry Fonlis, fellows, in behalf of Christopher 
Pike, M.A*, against the admission of William Adams, B.A., Wadh., to the fellow- 
ship to which he had been elected on 13 Dec., 1662. The question at issue seems to 
have been about the particular preference given by the Statutes to natives of the 
parish of Kotherhain, Yorks. The Visitor's Commissioners deeided in favour of 
Adams. 

b Tol. 5. 

c Sic, in error for " Tierce." 

<* On 29 Apr., 1663. 

* Sept., 1003 ; see a narrative of this Royal Visit in Wood's Life and Times, 
i. 490. 



MEMOIRS OF NATHANIEL, LOUD CREWE. / 

conforr'd y e Honour of Knighthood upon him, but y* Favour 
was, at his own desire, & by y c Heads of y R University, Pre- 
vented, both, because lie designed to go into Holy Orders, 8 & 
also, of its being unnecessary for liim who was y c Son of a Peer. 
In the close of his Proctors* he delivered up y e black book, b w th 
this remark " Ne vel Una macula nigriori/ 5 And y c Convoca- 
tion gave a Publick Testimony of v 1 ' great Satisfaction in Lis 
conduct. 

In 1664, lie was created D r of Laws;' 1 ho Lad this degree & 
his Bachelor's conferred upon him as a favour by Accumulation, 
fur having deferred to take his Bachelor's Degree on Account 
of Lis Proctors*, & on condition of Lis Answering y e D 1 " 5 at the 
Publick Act. S r Lionel Jenkins was Moderator at y e Act & y e 
Question he disputed upon " An Solius Principis E sit Leges inter- 
pretari?" D r Piene f President of Magdalen College took 
great Notice of his Accuracy in Disputing, & Laving given him 
his thanks for it, very earnestly desired him to enter into holy 
Orders. D r Crew reply'd, he "was Apprehensive of some 
People's entertaining unjust and groundless Opinions of him 
on Account of his Education, & he was unwilling to undertake 
that Office, while there was any Suspicion that he was not 

a A* he was required to do by the statutes governing bis fellowship. On 21 Jan., 
\C>u\, Crewe bad a dispensation from the College to defer taking priest's orders till 
12 July, ltW',:> ; and OB »> May. 1664, he received a further dispensation to defer 
taking Holy Orders till Ember Week in the next Lent following. 

b The Liber Niger Procuratorum is a register, in enstody of the Senior Proctor, 
of the graver sentences inflicted by the Proctors. 

c Probably only by applauding his speech. Wood thought it " a light vaiue sillie 
speech." {Life and 'Dintvs, ii. la.) 

d All the Fellows of Lincoln, except the Canonist, were required to graduate in 
Divinity. Crewe had been elected into the Canonist fellowship on 22 March, 1658- 
(I, and, as there was now no degree in Canon Law, was on 21 Jan. 166J ordered by 
the College to graduate iu Civil Law, before July, 16G3. lie tookD.C.L. on 2 July, 
1664. 

« Pol. 6 

1 i.e. Pierce. 



8 WEM0IIJ3 OF NATHANIBLj LORD CKEWE. 

thoroughly well affected to y e Service of y c Church." After- 
wards when these Jealousies were vanished, he went up to 
London & was ordained at y° Xew Chureh in Westminster by 
y e Bishop of Winchester (D r Morley) who was also Dean of y e 
Royal Chappel. lie had a faculty from y c ArchBp. for being 
Ordained Deacon and Priest y e same Day. D 1 . Dolben, Dean of 
Westminster and Clerk of y e Closet, as Arch Deacon presented 
D r Crew, & another Person, who was to be Ordained with Him, 
& told D r Crew y l he must Examine him. Accordingly he 
required him to turn this into Latin, u 1 have examind y m , and 
find y m qualify'd." D r Crew immediately answer'd " Satis Ex- 
ploraios" habui, eosque idoneos judico ut in sacros ordines 
initeautur." The Dean immediately reply'd " 111 examine you 
no further." After he was Ordained; Bp. Morley Presented 
him to the King, Acquainting his Majesty y* he was in Holy 
Orders. Whereupon y e King said, " i am glad y* Gentlemen 
takes upon y m y e Service of y u Chureh, & I promise to take 
Particular care of you." 

In 1GGG, upon y L 5 th day of Xovemb r , y e Earl of Manchester, 
L d Chamberlain of y c Household, enter'd D r Crew one of his 
Majestie's Chaplains in Ordinary; & as he Officiated, y e Kino- 
took b XotiGe of him, and said " he has an Honest Countenance." 
This was told D r Crew by M r Crofts. In 1GG7 y e Kinr>- gave 
him a Sinecure in Lincolnshire. Upon y e Chances at Court L J 
Clarendon being dimiss'd, ArchBp. Sheldon's Interest, Bp. 
Morley's, & Dean Dolben's fell w 1 ' 1 him. D 1 ' Crofts, Bp. of 
Hereford, was made Dean of y e Chappel, D r Blandford Warden 
of Wadham, Clerk to y e Closet, *v D r Crew, his Deputy. In a 
little time Bp. Crofts using some Freedom w" 1 v e Kin"-, w Ul 
regard to his Mistresses, & laying before him ye Inconsistency 
of some Practices w' 1 ' y e receiving y c Holy Sacram 1 , and bavin*' 
a cold answer, immediately desired Lave to retire. AVhen L <( 

• u Exploratcs," in MS. k Fol. 7. 



MEMOIRS OF NATHANIEL, LORD CREWE. 9 

Clarendon was sent for to y e King in order to bo dismiss'd y c 
Lariy Castlemain seeing him come out of Whitehall without y e 
Mace & Purse, got into a Balcony over ag f him and clapt her 
Hands to testify her joy. Whereupon my Lord look'd up and 
said " Madam is it you, pray remember y* if you live you will 
grow old." It was remark'u by Cardinal Mazarin, upon L d 
Clarendon's Marrying his Daughter to y e Duke of York, y l it 
was far from beingo Wisdom in so great a Politician to marry a 
Daughter into the Royal family. 

Great Notice was taken at Court of D r Crew's good breeding; 
& King Charles wou'd often use him with familiarity & freedom 
of Conversation w dl he well knew how to receive in y e manner 
y 1 became him. In 1GG3 D r Hood Hector of Lincoln College 
dyes a <k ye Society Unanimously desired D r Crew in a Letter 
sent to him at London y 1 he wou'd please to accept of y e Heads p . 
He did so, and went down to Oxford, his absence being dis- 
pens'd with by the King, at the request of y c Lord Chamber- 
lain, who h informed y c King of w 1 ye College had done. He 
went from London on Monday, & got to Oxford by Tuesday 
Noon, and being Sub Hector Summon'd a Meeting of y e Fellows 
& on Thursday morning his Election was unanimously agreed 
to. c He went away y' evening to Henley, & on Fryday Morn- 
ing appeared at Court & officiated before his Majesty. 

In 1608, he was appointed a Lent Preacher. His 1 st Sermon 
was upon these Words " If we say we have no Sin we deceive 
ourselves, &c." The King stood up, all y« while; & y e Sermon 

• Paul Hood died 2 Aug., 1668, in the S3rd year of his age aud the 48th of his 
Rectorship. 

b Fol. 8. 

c On Tuesday, 11 Aug.. the election of Rector was fixed for Wednesday, 12 Aug., 
and on th-it d:iy Crewe was unauim >udy elected, and a letter sent off to the Visitor 
(William Fuller, l>p. of Line.) requesting his admission. On Sth Sept. he was 
admitted-Rector l>y the Visitor; and oa 17th Sept. after the 2nd lesson at Morning 
Prayers installed Rector K in the chiefest seat of the quire of All Saints Church'" 
(Oxford). 

CAMD. SOC. C 



10 MEMOIRS OF NATHANIEL, LORD CREWE. 

was highly Applauded. The Duke of York wish'd his father 
had heard him; w eh wish was chiefly owing to his having used 
this Expression in his Prayer " Remember not L d our Offences 
nor the Offences of our Forefathers." 

About this time y c Dean of Windsor D r Reeves was Danger- 
ously ill; & y e Kiug was asked by Prince Rupert, who was to 
be his Successor; y c King said, D 1 ' Crew; but y e Deau re- 
covered . 

In 1GG9 y c Deanery of Chichester became vacant; D v Bland- 
ford told y° King of it, & recommended D r Crew to his Majesty; 
y e King said, " if it was Worth D 1 ' Crew's Acceptance, he sh' 1 
have it;" D 1 ' Blandford reply 'd, " it was not so much y c Profitt 
D r Crew consider'd, as it's being a Mark of his Majestic's 
favour " : y c King said, he sh d have it. In the Patent, leavo 
was given him to hold y c Deanery w' h any other P'fcrnr 1 in y e 
same Church. 

The Presentorship of y e Church w ch his Predecessor held 
being in the Gift of y e B p , D r King, he offered it to him w o!l ho 
accepted and was collated to it April 28, 1(309, & y e day follow- 
ing instaird a Dean. After this, he was elected by y* Chapter 
to be one of y r Body, and thereby entitled to y e Common Dividend. 
Some time after an Impropriation held by Lease from the Dean 
and Chapter was to be renewed, & y e fine was set for 1000£. 
but y e Dean proposed and prevailed, y* 500£ of it sh (1 be apply'd 
to y e Augmentation of y c Vicarage, & y e rest Divided amongst 
y e Chapter. 

His Turn falling out upon y e Feast of y c Annuntiation of y e 
Blessed Virgin, as a Lent Preacher, & he having prepared a 
Discourse on y* Festival, observed amongst other Things, y* 
f some of y e Moderns were so far from doing Honour to y e 
Virgin Mary, y l thev will not so much as allow her y e respect 
w cU is due to her Memory': L d Saville & others having 

■ Fol. .9 



MEMOIRS OF NATHANIEL, LORD CREWE. 11 

publickly and Shamefully cast Reproaches upon her. This 
was thought a very Seasonable Remark at y 1 time. 

He was Desired by the Heads of Houses in Oxford, (Arch B? 
Sheldon who was then Chancellor" declining to Act, & thereupon 
leaving y e choice of a A' ice-Chancellor to y c University) to 
accept of y* office, but he excused himself on Account of his 
Obligations to attend at Court. 

In May 1070 while y e King and Court were at Dover, he 
beg'd b leave of v c Kim>- to go over with his Ambassador, who 
was sent to Complement y e King of France, on his return from 
viewing his Conquests in Holland. The King of France staid 
at Calais w th his whole Court a few days/ and S r Henry Jones 
Captain of y° Band of Pensioners, shew'd y e Doctor every thing 
that was to be seen to y e utmost Advantage. Some time after 
his return, in discourse w th y c Dutchess of York, he told her he 
" much admired y e Paintings in y e Chnppel of Calais, & thought 
they were indeed very fine, if they were put to a good use " — 
her Answer was, " put to a good use ! " w ch shewd her early- 
Inclinations to Popery. April 1G71 he was elected, & on y e 
16 th of June confirmed, B^ of Oxon; July y c 2 d he was con- 
secrated & gave so noble an Entertaium 1 y x y e ArchB 1 ' said it 
was the finest he ever saw. The Duke of Buckingham had 
endeavoured to get y e Bishopriek of Worcester for D 1 ' YVilkins : 
but he faild in y* Point, y u Duke of Ormond having obtained 
y* See for y c Bp. of Oxon D r . Blandford: by which means 
way was made for advancing D r . Crew to Oxford. And Hen- 
shaw Bp of Sarum was used to say it was Crewe's Interest, 

a " Vice Chancellor " in MS. in error. Archbishop Sheldon was eloctcd Chan- 
cellor of Oxford University 20 Dec, 1C67, and nominally held it till his resignation 
on 31 July 16G9; But he was never formally installed, and the powers of the 
Chancellor were excreised informally either by tho Heads of Houses or by 
Convocation. 

k "bag'd" in MS. 

<= Fol. lft 



12 MEMOIRS OF NATHANIEL, LORD CREWE. 

y 4 push'd Blandford up to Worcester. At the Arch Bp' 4 request 
y c Rectory of Witney in Oxford-Shire, worth ab l G00£ a Year, 
was given him by y e King, to be held in Oommendam w" 1 his 
Bprick, & lie was collated to it before his Consecration. 
Bp Cozens told kirn v n , if he were but old enough, he beh'iv'd 
he w d be his. Successor at Durham. 

He held y c Bpriek of Oxon & y c Rectory of Lincoln College 
together 8 for one Year, w dl , D* Fell told him, was improper, '• but 
y c Bp had a good reason to Offer for it, Yiz { , That the College 
Statutes Permitted y e Headsh p to be held cum quocunque 
Beneticio Ecclesiastico, <.V y* having no house belonging to y e 
See to live in, he could no where more properly reside w 1 - 1, 
regard to y e care of his Diocese y n in y e very Centre of it. 

October IS, 1072 he resigned y e Headship of Lincoln College; 
he had been some days there, & had entertained y e Society in 
y e Handsomest and most generous manner y* was possible. 
Upon his .going away, y p Society attended him to his Coach, & 
as soon as he was gone out of y e College Gates he gave them 
his Resignation, thinking it Proper to continue Governour of y e 
College as long as he was in it. 

In 1072 The Dnke of York having been absent from Church 
on Good Fryday, Easter Eve & Easter clay, upon y e Tuesday 
after, y e Bp. step'd out of \° King's Court, in his Lawn Sleeves, 
to the Duke's Apartment, & desired to speak with him. He 
was admitted, and said, he was Sorry to observe y* his Royal 
Highness had been so long absent from Chappel. The Duke 
answered j he could not Dissemble w th God and Man any longer, 
& y* he wo d come no more. The Bp. of Oxon said, Whosoever 



• " Togather," in MS. 

6 Dr. Fell afterwords withdrew his censure, on the conjunction of a Headship with 
a Bishopric and held the Deanery of Cb. Ch. in eormnendum with the Bishopric, of 
Oxford 1676-lOeo. 

< Fol. 11. 



MEMOIRS OF NATHANIEL, LORD CREWE. 13 

advised his Royal Highness to tins, -was none of his Friend; 
The Duke replyd "My Lord, 1 take nothing ill y* you say." 

The Bp. upon Occasion of Yates's a Plot, represented to the 
King y e great Mischief done y e Xation by the Jesuifes; to w cU 
y e King said H y* Truth is, they are an odd Sort of People." 
From these two Passages we cannot but take Xotice of his 
Watchfullness ag th the Influences of y e Papish, c or any y e least 
Deviation in y e King or Duke from y e Established Church & 
consequently y e Injustice of those who w d reproach Ins Lordship 
with having been a favourer of Popery. 

In 1G72 The Fail of Sandwych, who had marry'd y c Bp's 
Sister, was blown up and drowned in Sole Bay. Whereupon 
the Bp having spoke to the King, His Majesty vas pleased to 
say, y l he "he had a grout loss of him; " The Bp replyed, "since 
he is lost, Fine glad it was in y r Majesty's Service." 

The Duke of York in lG7o' entered into a Treaty of Marriage 
with the Princess of Modeua, & desired y e Bp of Oxon to Marry 
them. This being known, y e House of Commons immediately 
voted an Address to y* King ag ( y e Marriage, & sent it up to 
the Lords for their Concurrence. While this was debating, y e 
Duke said, y' if y c Address sh d puss both Houses, he w a by no 
means put y 1 ' Bishop upon doing y ! Office. But the Lords putting 
a Negative upon it, y e Duke immediately sent y e Bp to Lambeth, 
to Arch-Bp Sheldon to know in w l manner he marry'd King- 
Charles and Queen Catherine. The Earl of Shaftesbury said to 
y e Bp, "I hope, if you marry y c Duke you will be so wise as to 
take out y e broad Seal, " intending not to grant it, & so to 
hinder y c Bp from having this Honour. The Duke told him, 
"my Lord, y 1 you may be Safe in what you do, the King will 
Empower you under his Signet." 

u The Bp marry'd y m at Dover, & upon his return to Town, 

* Sic in MS. * Fol. 12. 

c Probably a slip for " Papists." d Fol. 13. 



14 MEMOIRS OF NATHANIEL, LORD CREWE. 

y e Duke said in his Drawing room y c next Morning, y* he sh d be. 
ready to do the Bp any kindness, & y c Dutches w' 1 willingly join 
w th him in it. Upon w cl ' y e Bishop waiting upon y° Duke, about 
a Week after told his Royal Highness he was pleased to 
Encourage him to ask some favour; y* there was but one Thing- 
vacant y n in y" Church, which was so great a Pfeferm* y* he 
durst not presume to Mention it. The Duke said, " what is it " ; 
y e Bp answered " y c Bprick of Durham." The Duke said he 
w d Speak immediately w th y c King, & use all his Interest for 
him. Great Interest was made for Dean Dolben ; Dr. Compton a 
also apply 'd very Strenuously to y e Duke of York, & magnify'd 
y c Loyalty and Sufferings of his Family; oc upon y e Article of 
Family Services, took y e Liberty of railing very much ag 1 y* of 
y e Bp of Oxon. The Duke of York told him, that this great 
Bprick wo 4 not be given to one who was not already a Bishop, 
& D r Compton was decently put off with this Answer. 

The Duke of York told y- Bp he had a great many Enemies; 
the Bp reply'd, he " valued y ,a not, if Ins Royal Highness w d 
please to be his Friend " ; iC My Lord," says y c Duke, " I promise 
you, I will stick by you." A Man of Quality took occasion to 
say something to the Bp's Disadvantage in y e Drawing room 
before the Duke of York; Whereupon y c Duke said, " My Lord 
of Oxon is my Friend." 

b The Bp's Youth was objected to the King, who reply'd 
" y* is a fault which will mend every day." The Bp was taken 
Notice for speaking well in the House of Lords ag l y e Duke of 
Buckingham and y° Earls of Shaftsbury & Danby. Bp 
Reynolds left his Proxy w lh him, y c Bp told some of y c Lords 
y* he had it, & y l how he would make him vote right. 

The King delaying still to till up y e Bprick of Durham, Dr. 
Crofts Bp of Hereford waited on y c King it ask'd him why his 
Majesty did not give orders for a Conge d'elire to elect y c Bp 

• Henry Compton, Cauon of Ch. Ch. since lOG'J ; be succeeded Crewe in the see of 
Oxford. 
*» Fol. 14. 
e A slip for " now.*' 



MEMOIRS OF NATHANIEL, LORD CREWE. 15 

of Oxon j y e King answered, " my Lord, lie shall be sure 
of it," 

On the 18 th of August y e Bp was elected by y e Chapter by 
vert no of y e Conge d'elire, y c return to his Majesty & y c Archbp 
of York under y c College Seal, in order to his Translation. 

Before y e Bp was chose,. Duke Lauderdale" said he beleived 
ho sh' 1 "eat a peck of Salt before y e 13prick of Durham wou'd bo 
filled ." b The Bp was enthrond by Proxy y c 10 of Xovemb r J C7-1, 

His Lords 1 * 3 Entry & Reception upon his 1 st going down to 
Durham was exceeding Pompons & Magnificent. The Bp had 
two Coaches and Six, Six Gentlemen, 12 led Horses & a great 
Number of running footmen arid Servants on horse-back. 

The long Vacancy of y e See prevented all enquiries into 
Dilapidations, w' h at the Bp's own Death amounted to no more 
y n 100£. The Bp was created Lord Leiutenant of y e County 
Palatine & Admiral of Sunderland Loth w c!l high Offices were 
so commonly Tested in y e Bps of Durham, y* till y c year 1588 
they were look'd upon as belonging to y e See. One of y c titles 
of y e Bishop of Durham is Earl of Sadburgh. He constantly 
entertains y e Judges of Assize and y c Justices at y c Quarter 
Sessions; & y c Civil Offices of Chancellor, Attourney General, 
Sollicitor General, High Sheriff & Undersherifi are in his 
Disposal. 

April 23, 107*3, he was Sworn Privy Councellor. The Bp 
thank'd the Duke of York for it, & kiss'd his hand as soon as 
they were come out of y e King's Presence. After the Duke of 
York was disabled from sitting* in y e house of Lords, y e Bp 
spoke to y e King to this Purpose y c Duke being only present in 
his Bed d Chamber, " S r 3 y c great Drift and Design of Your 
Majestie'srEncmies, is to Divide y r Majesty & y r Brother, for 
who can bo supposed to be so entirely y r Majestie's friend as y r 
own Brother." 

• MS. Lis " Landerdak." 

b Bp. Coin .lied 15 Jan., 1671-2. Wood (Life and limet, ii 241) says "his 
bishoprick waa kept void to please a woman." 
1 Fol. 15. 
d Sic, for " Bed." 



16 



MEM0IP9 OF NATHANIEL, LORD CREWE. 



In 167G y e Bp made his first Visitation in his Diocese, w cl > was 
very Solemn and Pompous. He preach'd himself at Newcastle,- 
in S 4 Nicholls Church, S r William Blackett, Mayor, &all y c Alder- 
man in their Scarlett attending his Lordship. At Alnwick y c 
Clergy appeared before him, & y e next day he went to a Bentrick, b 
where y e Governor, y e Duke of Newcastle's eldest Son, had 
given Orders, to receive y e Bp, w th y c same Formalities, as they 
did Himself. The Garrison consisting of 500 Men were drawn 
up to receive his LordsP who was conducted by y e Mayor to his 
Lodgings where two Soldiers stood Gentmels, & y c Bp gave y c 
Word to y e Garrison every night. He slayd there 3 or 4 days 
& confirm'd most of y c Garrison besides a great Number of 
other Persons. When he went to Church for y* Purpose y c 
Mayor and some of y e Aldermen who waited on his Lordship to 
y e Door, desired to be excused from going any farther because 
they were of Different Principles from y e Church of England. 

The next Morning y e Bp went round y e works of y fc Garrison 
& y c Mayor desired him to see the Bridge, w th stood upon 
Many Arches. When they came to y c middle of it y e Mayor 
laid down his white staff & said y r Lords' 1 is now in y r own 
Country. 

In the same Year y° Bp Visited the Dean & Chapter of 
Durham. The Dean c was a Morose Man. & sate down upon his 
Name being called ; y c Bp said to him " M r Dean, y r Posture 
does not become you." The Dean roply'd, "My Lord, your 
Predecessors always bid us sit;'' y° Bp Answered "when I bid 
you, do so." 

In November 1G77 ArchBp Sheldon Dyed ; M r Mountanroe/ 
afterwards Duke, sent to y e Bp, to desire him to stand for y e 
Archbprick. Bp Compton also was a Candidate for it. These 

■ Fol. 16. 

b An error for Berwick. 

« Dr. John Sudbury, admitted Dean 21 Dec., 1C61, died in 1GS4. 

» Fol. 17. 



MEMOIRS OF NATHANIEL, LORD CREWE. 17 

2 families were so great and Powerfull & y c Duke of York being 
unwilling to have our Bp put by for D r Compton, as y e Duke of 
Leeds was loath to haw Bp Compton set, aside by my Lord's 
Superiour Interest, y c ArcliBprick was given to Dean Sancroft/ 1 
by y c Interest of Lord Bellasyse a Roman Catholick, Jjord 
Falconbridgc (a Protestant, who marry'd Cromwell's Daughter), 
& other Popish Lords, who iniagin'd, 1)0 never wo d hurt y e 
Popish Interest, tho' he bad taken y fl Covenant at Cambridge. 

The Bp's Lather said to him, " Son, I pray'd that you might 
not be removed." Insomuch y l y c Bp wo' 1 sometimes say 
pleasently, y 1 he "lost this Preferment by his Lather's Prayers." 
This is y c only attempt he ever failed in during y c whole Course 
of his life. And considering y c Difficulties he must have been 
involved in, if he had succeeded, his falling short of this 
Preferment was not so much to be counted a Disappointment, 
as a Providential Deliverance. 

Soon after, 1 ' y c ArchLp said to King Charles y e 2' 1 , " S r y r 
ArcliBprick of York is vacant." It was twice offer'd to him, & 
y c Bp answerd, " I humbly thank y 1 ' Majesty for y e Preferm T 1 
have already, but I dont want y* Grace." 

In 1079 y e Duke of Monmouth was sent to command as 
General ;ig f y e Rebels in Scotland, & y e Bp was dispatch'd from 
London to raise y e Militia at Durham. He set out from thence 
on Monday and came to Ins Castle at Aukland near Durham by 
Fryday noon; ° and y c Deputy Leiutenants being Suinmond, 
they waited upon him at Dinner; at w ch time an Express came 
to y c Castle w ,h an Order from y c Council to raise y* part of y e 
Militia, w' 1 ' is near Berwick. 

After y° Duke of Monmouth had Defeated y e Rebels, in his 
return he call'd at Durham Castle, where he was Nobly enter- 

* William Sancroft, Dean of St. Paul's, was consecrated Archbishop of Canter- 
bury, "27 Jan., 1 077-8. 

b Archbishop Sterne dwd IS June, 1683, and was succeeded by John Dolben. 
e lot. IS. 
CAMD. SOC. D 



18 MEMOIKS OF NATHANIEL, LORD CEEWE. 

tamed by y c Bp at Dinner; nfter w ch lie say'd he w d ride Post 
to Darlington, w ch was 14 Miles in y c road towards London. 
The Bp Proffered to lend him his Coach, w cl1 , he said, sh' 1 carry 
him in as short a time ns any Post horse could. AY ch he did & 
went thither in less y" 2 hours, & observed upon it, y* he was 
never Driven so fust in any of y e King's Coaches. In this time 
of Absence y c Bp lost much of his Interest at Court, chiefly by 
means of y e Earl of Lauderdale. 8 Secretary Coventry said, he 
heard y l y e Scots were come Even to Durham. This and such 
Tilings were given out as Insinuations y* y e Bp, as Lord 
Lieut enaut, was not a good Governour. 

In November 1079 he entertained y e Duke & Dutchess of 
York for 2 or 3 days at Durham Castle, as y e Duke was going- 
Commissioner to Scotland. The Bp received him at y e Hall 
steps, & y e Duke kiss'd him as an high mark of las favour; & 
gave a Private Intimation that no Paptisi sh'' come to him, 
while he stayd at Durham. The Bp went with his own Coaches, 
attended by all the Coaches of y" Country, & a grent Numbei of 
Horse-Men as far as Pearco bridge w ch was 12 miles from 
Durham, to Welcome their Royal Highnesses into y c Countrv. 
He also raised a Company of Militia to attend y 1 ". In y c \Ya\- 
from Piarce bridge a Bottle of Wine was offered to y m on v c 
Part of one Air. Smith a ! ' Roman Catholick, by the hands of his 
Brother Narrative Smith. The Duke and Dutchess both drank 
a Glass, not knowing y e P'son who presented it to y m . After- 
wards, when they did, y r Dutchess said, she w d have thrown v e 
Glass in his face, had she known it sooner. The Entertainm' 

was remarkably great & Sumptuous, & all v c Duke's Attendants 

. * ' 

who could not be rec d in y e Castle, were provided for at my 

Lord's expence in y c Town. The Duke took particular Notice 

of this great Instance of his Respect, and often mentioned it to 

y c Bp's Honour. 

» MS. has " Landerdale.' *• Ful. 19. 



MEMOIRS OF NATHANIEL, LOED CfiEWE. 



19 



Duke Lauderdale a also when lie went High Commissioner to 
Scotland, & his Dutchess, were cntcrtain'd by y e Bp at Durham. 
At Dinner y" Duke said, " v\y Lord, y e Major part of y e Nobility 
of Scotland are now at y r Lords* 3 Table." The Bp had sent two 
Gentlemen as far as Berwick to invite y m . The Duke said, his 
Attendance was too Numerous: y e Reply was, " y e greater y e 
Number, y° more Welcome they will be to my Lord/' 

In 1679 y e Earl of Danby was impeach'd. ArchBp Sancroft 
ask'd y e Bp " why he was so great an Enemy to y e Earl of 
D v anby." The Bp reply 'd, ''because he is an Enemy to y c Duke 
of York my Principal Friend." Upon y e Question for committing 
y e Earl, y e Bp wont out of y e house, and two other Bps his 
friends followed him. He was committed. These Votes w d 
have sav'd him. 

About this Time, Oates was at Dinner one day at y e Chap- 
lains' Table, when y fi Bp was there as Clerk of y e Closet. 
"Pray," says y e Bp, "Mr. Gates, who was to have been Bp of 
Durham if y e Plot had Succeeded ; " " My Lord," said he, Such a. 
One, naming y e Man. Tho attempts were made to blacken y e 
Bp, this Confession of b Oates being abundantly attested, no 
harm could be done to him. 

December 12, 1G79, y c lip's Father Dyes, & is Succeeded in 
his Estate and Honour by his Eldest Son, Thos. L* 1 Crewe. 

In 1081, M r John Crewe y c Bp's Brother dies, & leaves to y- 
Bp y e Manor of Newbold in Leicestershire, worth about 5 or 
GOO £ a Year, well Wooded and Water'd w ,u a tine Park & all 
y e Conveniences & Ornaments of a good Seat. He said he 
would " leave it to one y* wou'd make y e Chimney smoak," 
alluding to y e Bp's Hospitable & generous Spirit. 

On Fryday Feb? 6 Ul 10.S1 King Charles ii' 1 dyes. The Bp 
scarce ever stirr'd from him day or Night during his illness ; 
having Lodgings in y e Palace as Clerk of y e Closet. On y e 

• MS. has " Lauderdale." k FoL 20. 



20 MEMOIRS OF NATHANIEL, LORD CBEWE. 

Sunday before, y e King Supp'd at y e Dutchess of Portsmouth's, 

& eat a Swan's egg W cb lay heavy on his Stomach. The 
Dutchess w d have been admitted to Kiss y e King's hand; but J* 
King, as soon as lie saw her, said, " pray Madam, dou't come 
near me." 

One day at Dinnor y e Bishop waiting as Clerk of y c Closset 
upon King Charles, recommended D r Tully who had been long 
a Chaplain, & was a very learned Man, to the Deanery of 
Rippon; y c King immediately granted y e Bp's request, & 
gave orders to Secretary "Williamson for y c Warrant. The first 
time D r Tillotson preached before King Charles, y e Bp desired 
y e King to Command y e Sermon to be Printed, w e!l was immedi- 
ately done, & y c Bishop ordered to carry y e Message. D r South's 
Promotion to X 1 Ch. or Westminster was entirely owing to y c 
Bp. Great Minds are forw d in Advancing Worthy Men, & 
happy it is for a Prince to "have such discerning & faithfull 
Men about him. 

The Bp was very constant & diligent in his Attendance upon 
y e King as Clerk of y e Closset, but happen'd one Morning tc be 
Absent* when y e King went to Chappel. He beg'd Pardon for 
it & told y c King he had been Marrying a Couple. The King 
said, "my Lord, 1 hope youask'd forgiveness of y m , before you 
did it." 

The Bp assisted as Supporter to King James on his Pt l hand, 
at his Coronation, w l ' !l is y e Antient Privilege of y e Bps of 
Durham. 

In a Short time, y e King dismissal D r Compton from being 
Dean of y c Chappie, & offer'd y c Place to y e Bp of Durham ; my 
Lord beg'd to know, if Bp Compton had offended his Majesty, 
y e King reply 'd, " my Lord, I am positive, he shall not be there." 
The Bp said, " since y r Majesty is resolved upon it, & I cannot 
have y e Honour of being so near to y r Majesty, as I was to y r 
Royal Brother in y e Chappie, I shall be very glad to receive 

» Fol. 21. 



MIMOIES OF NATHANIEL, LORD CKEWE. 21 

this mark of y r Majesty's favour/' & accordingly he was made 
Dean of y c Chappie. This was rather a Constraint y n a Satis- 
faction to him. 

He was Sworn a Privy Counsellor soon after the King's 
Accession to y e Throne. In y c Year 1685, Lord Cheif Justice 
Jeffreys went y c Northern Circuit & laid a fine of 5 £ upon 
M r Badily a Coroner, for not rising up when his Name was 
call'd, Saying, "you are so Lazy, you can't rise up when you're 
call'd, but ill a make you pay for it." At Dinner time Badily 
came into y c Room, where y c L a Cheif Justice Dined w th y e Bp. 
" How now," says the Cheif Justice, "I suppose you are come to 
Beg off y r Fine;" "No," Says y° Bp, "my Lord, there can be no 
such thing done; you have Maid it, but no body can take it off 
but my self;"" which put y e Cheif Justice much out of Counten- 
ance. For Fine.- and Amercements are always excepted out of 
y e King's Commission of Assize for Durham, as of right belong- 
ing to y c see; & .therefore y e Bp wo' 1 not allow L d Cheif Justice 
Jones to read y c Common Assize Commission there, w ch he w d 
have done, as in other Places. 

In 1080, y e Bp hinderd D r Cartwright's being made a Bp, 
but he Struck in w th F. Peters, & by his Interest Succeeded. 
In y e same Year, } e Commission for Ecclesiastical Affairs were 
set up. The Bp was then at Durham. ArehBp Sancroft did 
not oppose it in Council, but when was spoke to, rose up, as 
giving a tacit Consent to it. All y e Judges y n P r sent, except 
one, declar'd, they thought it was legal. The Bp was sent for 
from Durham by order of Council to appear at y e opening of 
this Court, w rh he did. The ArehBp being call'd, did not 
appear in y e Court. A Messenger was sent to give him Notice 
of their second Meeting, but still he did not come. The Bp, y e 
next time he saw his Grace, discoursed with him about it, & 

• Sic in MS., for " I'll." 
b Fol. 2C. 

* Tboiraa Cartwri^ht, Dean of Iiipon, was consecrated Bishop of Chester, 17 Oct., 
1086. 



22 MEM0IKS OF XATIIA.NIEL, LORD CREWE. 

particularly, represented his having given a tacit assent to it, 
by rising- up, when he was call'd upon in y p Privy Council. 
This gave y c ArchBp great Uneasiness, but still he did not 
appear. At Hounslow y c ArchBp waited on y c King, who told 
him of his Consenting to, & approving of it, upon w oh he reply'd, 
y l upon farther Consideration he could not Act, & beg'd his 
Majesty's Pardon for not appearing ; w cL he never w J do. 

In August 168G y e Bishop of Loudon was Suspended. Upon* 
which, y c Bp of Durham said in Court; "my Lords, I suppose 
y r Lords' 15 mean only a Suspension abOiRcio;" & his Motion 
was agreed to, Commissioners taking care of y e see of London 
were nominated at y 1 ' same time, & they allow'd y e Bp himself 
to dispose of all y e preterm* in his Grift as they fell. 1 ' 

October 20, 1080, The Bp w' 1 ' y e other Ecclesiastical 
Commissioners pass'd Sentence of Degradation upon Johnson. 
It was said, y* they order'd him to be whip'd, but y* was false, 
for it was done by order of y e Chief Justice of y* King's P>euch. 
'Die Bp 2 Years before y e Revolution orderd 5001 to be paid 
him in Consideration of his Sufferings, by Yearly Paym t3 of 
100£ a Year for 5 Years, it my Lord should so long continue 
Bp of Durham. 

When .the Duke of Monmouth was making his attempt in 
King James's Reign, Suspicions were raised at Court ag* y c Bp, 
upon ye Account of his having shewn so great respect to y c 
Duke when ho went into Scotland, lie was therefore not 
thought so Proper a Person, to be trusted as L d Leiutenant, in 
raising y e Militia, on y l Occasion. Wliereupon S r . John Penwick 
was ordered to raise y m , W e!l he did, & kept y" 1 up 14 Days; & 
according to y e Account lie had given the King, his Majesty 
was pleased to tell y e Bishop, y 1 y e Militia of Durham was y* 
most regular & best Disciplin'd of any in y e Kingdom. This 

» Pol. 23. '• MS. has " sell." 

• Siiinticl Johnson, author of Julian th ■ Apogtrfe. 



MEMOIRS OF NATHANIEL, LOUD CKEWK. 23 

was said to soften my Lord upon S r John's being put over 
him. 

Upon the Revolution when King William & Queen Mary 
came in, ArcliBp Tillotson desired y c Queen to give leave to y c 
Bp a of Durham to "Wait upon her & ask her Pardon for what he 
had done in y e late Reign. And accordingly y e next day he 
Waited upon her Majesty,, being introduced by y c Arch-Bishop, 
and upon his asking her Pardon she was pleased Graciously to 
Answer, y' she did forgive him. The Bp desired y e ArchBp 
also to introduce him io kiss y e King's hand. His Majesty 
demurred upon it ; y e ArchBp said, " S r , y e Queen has forgiven 
him, & besides, S 1 ' 'tis now near X*mas, which is a Solemn 
season of Exercising forgiveness." Whereupon v c King crave 
leave, y* he sh d be admitted to kiss bis Hand. 

No Person was Suspended by y e Bp (as Eachard b asserts, but 
w th great untruth) for not reading y e Declaration. As for D 1 ' 
Morton who is mentioned Particularly, this is y e Truth of y e 
Case. D 1 ' Morton did not appear at y c Bp's Visitation, & said he 
was excused as an Arch Deacon; & for this he was Suspended, 
& removed from being y e Bp's Chaplain. But so great was y c 
Bishop's goodness towards him, in forgiving his Offence, & in 
Testifying y e true Spirit of a X'iun, y 1 he afterw ds removed him 

• Fol. 24. 

b Laurence Kchard, in his History of England, vol. iii (pnbl. 1718) p. S7G. 

c John Morton, fellow of Lincoln College 166S-167^, B.D. 11 Nov.. 1074, D.D. 
6 Apr., 1692; Prebendary of 6th stall in Durham, 9 Nov., 1G7G ; removed to 1l> 
stall, 13 July, lGSo ; Archdeacon of Northumberland, o Oct., 1685 ; Hector of 
Egglescl'ffe, co. Durh M lii7('» ; Rector of Sedgefield, co. Durh., 1711. Thomas 
Hcarnc has the following note, MS. Collections vol. 143, p. o : '• 1731, July 2r>, 
Thursday. Mr. Baker t,in his letter to ine from Cambridge of the 4th inst.) observes 
that Dr. Bcnth goes on at Trinity College there as formerly, not w tu standing the 
Bishop of Ely's sentence, hut he notes that he would be under some tryal this month 
when the Bishop should visit his diocese and come to Cambridge, being one of his 
Clergy. When Mr. Baker was in the Bishop of Durham, Dr. Crew's, family in ldiss 
he remembers one of hi< Arch-Deacons was suspended for contempt, only for tot 
appearing at his Visitation, tho' another reason was probably at the bottom. Mr. 
Baker hop'd there would be no occasion for it here." 



24 MEMOIRS OF NATHANIEL, LOUD CHE WE. 

from a lesser Prebend to one of y e best in y e Church, & from a 
small Parsonage to y e very best in y e Diocese. S r Thomas 
Ilaggerson, Bar*, a Considerable Roman Catholick in Northum- 
berland, as be pass'd thro' Durham, enquired, whether y e Bp 
had taken care to Lave y c Declaration Bead, & was answered, 
No; he reply'd, " if he does uot, care may be taken to have a 
Bpy t5 Will/* 

The Bp of Durham with three others of y c Ecclesiastical 
Commissioners were appointed to Visit Magdalen College in 
Oxford. "\\ "hereupon a the Bishop went to Windsor & desired 
his Majesty to excuse him, & accordingly he did not appear. 
When y e Proceedings at Magdalen College were finished, y c 
three Commissioners came up to London, & w' 1 have made a 
report to y e General Board of y 1 ' Ecclesiastical Commissioners, 
but y c Bp of Durham moved y' theirs being a Particular 
Commission, it did not belong to y e General Board to receive 
y« Report of it. But this was overuld, and y* Beport received, 
& v e three Commissioners were admitted into y" General 
Commission. 

The Story of y c Bp's meeting y c Pope's Nuntio was entirely 
false. Tho' so much respect was then shewn to him, y ! ho 
Dined w th my Lord Mayor, & Sate above y e foreign 
Ambassadors. 

In 10S7 Father Peters was Sworn Privy Counsellor, unex- 
pectedly. The Bp not knowing it, was Surprized when he 
Saw him at y c Council Table. After this his Lordship declin'd 
going to Council; whereupon L a Preston wrote to y e Bp, by y e 
Kim'-s Order, his Majesty having observed, y 1 he had not 
appeared at Council for a Month. The Bp waited upon y e 
Kin"- about it, & his Majesty used this Expression to him, u my 
Lord you abandon mc." The Bp said, y* he could not come to 
Council while F. Peters was there; y e King reply 'd, "y* my 
Lord, he shall come there no more ; M w ch he did not. At the 

» Fol. 25. 



MEMOIRS OF NATHANIEL, LORD CREWE. 25 

Council Table, y e King s fl , " lie that is not with me, is against 
me." 

After King James was gone off, y e Bp going to y c Privy " 
Council, there were but Six Present, & fewer cannot make or 
Sign any order. The Bp joined w lh y m in an order for appre- 
hending Father Peters, y e Warrant Was accordingly issued out, 
but y c F. Slip'd away beyond Sea, before it could take 
effect. 

In 1G87, y e Queen was with Child. Whispers were spread 
about in y c Court of her Miscarriage. The King said, "there 
was a Rumour of y? Queen's Miscarriage, but it was not so," & 
all was hush'd. At y c Pretender's Birth, June 10, 1688, y c 
Bp was at Durham, & Did not see him till 3 Months after, & y n 
seem'd to him to be 8 Months old. The Dutchess of Powis's 
Observation was, y* it lifted up its Eyes to Heaven. 

In 1G88 y e High Commission Courts was Dissolved. The Bp's 
Pardon was Dated October y e 20"' in y e same Year. It was su'd 
out by Judge Dormer, & dated a day or two before y e time y T 
King "William's Exceptions took place. The Bp of Sarum, D r 
Burnet, mov'd y c Queen, to have the Pardon examined, to see 
whether it was Valid. Mr. Wortley Sen T produced it at y e 
Attourncy General's Lodgings ; S 1 ' Francis Pemberton said it 
was a good one, <v of y c same Opinion was y e Attourney General, 
who was to make y e Report of it. 

In 108S, King James ask'd several Bps, according to their 1 ' 
Seniority, beginning with y c ArchBp, Whether they were 
concerned in inviting y e Prince of Orange over; & when he 
ask'd our Bp y l Question, he said, " Who, I, S r , I know nothing 
in y e World of it ; 1 sh? be a Monster if I sh a do it." The King 
y n said to y e Bps, '■' My Lords, you have ruin'd me, iv I have 
ruin'd you." Arch-Bp Saucroft at y* time made such Strong it 
full Professions of Duty to y e King, y* Perhaps this was one 

• Fol 20. b Fol. 27. 

CAMD. SOC. E 



26 MEMOIBS OF NATHANIEL, LOKD CKEWE. 

reason afterw' 1 * why he w a not take y e Oaths to King 
William. 

The Association was brought up to y° L l1s house, being 
Signed by thousands of People Voluntarily. The Bp being 
moved to Sign it, said, "when it is Law, I will, but not 
before." 

In the same Year December y e 1G King James returu'd to 
London ; y c Bp waited upon hiui, & kneeling down to kiss his 
Majesty's hand, he took y 1 ' Bp by y e hand & seem'd very glad 
to sec him. The Bp being spoke to concerning the Question 
for declaring y c Prince of Orange King or Regent, could not 
remember y* he was in y e house at y l time. 

In the Latter end of Feb ry Wj^S, y e Bp went over to Holland, 
about y e time y l y fi Princess came hither. lie heard y e Guns in 
Essex on his Journey. Before he went, he committed y e care 
of his Library and Manuscripts & some other A'aluable things 
to D r Eyres'' one of his 1 ' Chaplains who was y" in London. The 
D r placed 'em in y c house of his Taylor M 1 Miller, who soou 
after broke, & had all his Effects Seiz'd on for Debt, unknown to 
y e D 1 . Quickly after y e Bp's return, D' Eyres Dy'd, & by y* 
means, my IP* Sermons, & a Noble Collection of Books, k other 
Things of Value, were irretrievably lost. This is one Reason, 
why y e World is depriv'd of y e Benefit of many Excellent 
Discourses, from one who was a Lent Preacher at Court 20 
Years, w th y c utmost applause. 

The Bp's caution was very remarkable, in never admitting 
any Stranger whatsoever to discourse alone w ,h him ; but in 
ordering always some of his Servants to stay in y e Boom with 
him ; w c]l has often defended him from several designs y' were 
form'd ag' him. Three Gentlemen once came to his Boor at 
Midnight, and ask'd y° Porter where he was; y c Porter assured 

» Samuel Kyre, Fellow of Lincoln 1C71-1CSJ, D.D. S July, 10S7, Prebendary of 
Durham, It Oct., 1G90 ; ilie-.l in IC'Ji. 
b Fol. 28. 



MEMOIRS OF NATHANIEL, LOL'D CEEWB. 27 

y m y* lie was in Bed, w ch was y c Truth, but they Vehemently 
affirm' d at y c Door, y f he was y" at Mass. 

When he went into Holland, he took along w 1 ' 1 him, as his 
Companions, M r James Mountague, his Nephew, Son to y e Earl 
of Sandwyoh, a good Master of y e French Tongue, and M r J. 
Turner an ingenious pleasant man, who was fellow of King's 
College in Cambridge. He took a also a SeiV in Holland, an 
English $£an, who Spoke Dutch. He went over in a New 
Yatch w dl He hired, and had but four Seamen w ,h him, and 
was in a Violent Storm for 5 Days. They S.teer'd the Vessel! 
into y e Brill, y e Wind being turu'd fair, but the Tide contrary. 
He was ever particularly delighted w' 1 ' y c 105 th Psalm, which is 
read y e 22 d day of y e Month, y e day of his being in y e Storm. 

On Sunday about Xoon he got to Rotterdam, where as soon 
as he had refreshed himself, he went to church, to bear a part 
in their Publick Devotions. He staid there three days and y 11 
went to hayden, 1 ' where be continued three Weeks, & Went to 
Church every Sunday. He appear'd in a Wig & Sword, & was 
supposed by y c Dutch to be some great Man in disguise, & Par- 
ticularly they took him to be y e Earl of Northumberland. He 
was never in y e "french Dominions. 

King William and Queen Mary were Crown' d during v e Bp's 
stay abroad. He was kindly invited to assi[s]t at y e Coronation, 
& had y L ' Promise of a Welcome Reception, but excused himself. 
He return'd to England in July,' 1G89, but was becalm'd in his 
Passage, so y' he got to London, but two Days before y e Expira- 
tion of y c time appointed for taking the Oaths. The House of 

• Fol. 29. 

b An error for '•' Lcyden." 

c The second band iroces here : — "Vide l) r Denis Granvill, yc Dean o£ Durham's, 
Letter to Lord Crew, Bishop of Durham, Dated from Koucn, July 1, 1 689, upon 
yc Revolution v." 1 ye reasons of his abdication and his not complying w th his 
Lordship's advice, \v'" other particulars therein recited. The said Letter was 
published by y e Dean in his Book intituled Y* Resigned <y Re&olvd Xt'n <j- 
Faithfull tf undaunted Ifoyalist, iu l l ", very scarce & hard to be met with." 



28 MEMOIRS OF NATHANIEL, LOUD CKEWE. 

Lords was adjourned for tho.se two days, so, y e Oaths could not 
be taken there. The Lord a Mayor was desired by S r Thomas 
Stampe, Aldermen, to call a guild upon y e Bp's Account, and 
he took y e Oaths at Guild-hall. The News of this was presently 
carry d to Court, and rec' 1 w lh some Surprize. L (1 Falconbridge 
said, lie had done Wisely. In a little time, y e Bp went down 
into Leicestershire & whilst he was there, y e Puhlick Papers, 
particularly the Gazette, reflected upon him, as being gone over 
to France, and added oilier Things, very false & injurious to 
his honour. Narrative Smith came to him at y* time, and 
desired to speak with him in Private, 3 or 4 of my L ,Ti Gentle- 
men were in y e room ; y 8 Bp desired him to let him know what 
his Business was, and commanded his Servants to observe what 
passed. Whereupon Smith quickly took leave, & went away in 
great Disappoinm' ami Confusion. 

S r William Bowes al/ y l Time told y s Bishop he was asked 
whether there was not some Address intended from Durham, 
W ch his Lords 1 ' was concern' d in ? & added y' he sh d be asked 
y e same Question again, and therefore desired y e Bp to tell him 
w 4 answer he sh d give to it ; y° Bp reply'd " say all you know." 
In King William's Ac! of Oblivion y c Bp was expected;'' but 
this could not do him any great Prejudice^ tho' it was a Mark 
of y e King's Displeasure. My Lord Spoke upon this Occasion 
in the House of Lords. llis c Speech was Applauded by many 
■who heard it, who ( )lTorM his Lords 1 ' to speak to y c King for 
him, to take off y' 1 Exception. He thank'd'em, but said he wo d 
not desire it. Afterwards he was wont to say to his Private 
Friends, y* he wo' 1 have y' Exception engraven upon his Tomb 
Stone. Aubrey, Earl of Oxford, said in y e Court of Bequests 
" y e Bp of Durham has Spoke like an Angel. " L (l Maulesfield 
said to y e Bp himself, " 'Twas your Speech y* sav'd you." 

» Fol. 30. b Sic, for " excepted." c Fol. 31 



MEMOIRS OF NATHANIEL, LORD CREWE. 29 

Stillingfleet, as Bp Ball reported from him, said, y* " y e Bp's 
Speech was y e most natural piece of Oratory lie ever heard in 
his Life ; " & said also, as Dean Sharp declared, y* it was " y e 
best Speech he ever heard in y* house." The Speech was 
this, 

" My Lords, 

" I am very unfit at any time to speak before y r Lords P3 ; 
much more now, upon such an Occasion as this, when so many 
thousands have y e Benefit of this Act of Pardon, & I am to be 
one of these few, y* are excepted out of it. 

"My Lords, I am very far from envying- y e Happiness of 
those who are thus Pardoned ; nay, rather I heartily congratu- 
late y m upon it, for, God forbid, y 1 when y e King's Eye is good, 
mine should be Evil. My Lords, I remember when an Act of 
this Kind was sent down to this House in Treasurer Clifford's 
time (I ) n had the Honour to sit * here), in y* Act there was no 
Exception of Persons ; only Crimes were excepted. If y c same 
forme had been observed in this, I humbly conceive there wo d 
have been more room for Justice ; I am sure there would have 
been less reason for so long a Debate as this. 

u My Lords, I am very far from going about to Justifve mv 
own Conduct ; nay, father I am heartily Sorry for it, & be^ 
Pardon of Heaven, Pardon of y r Majesties, Pardon of all v r 
Lords/ 5 , and more Particularly I ask this Piev d Prelate's pardon'" 
(laying hand upon y° Bp of London's Shoulder) " which I have 
already done in Private, & am glad I have an Opportunity of 
doing it again in Puhlick before all y r Lords'' 3 . 

"But one great Satisfaction to rue, is, y' 1 never had a hand 
in Blood. The truth is, I was hurry'd on w th such a. Notion of 
Obedience, as I will never be Guilty of again, for y e greatest 
King or Prince in Xtendom. Xo, my Lords, I resolve for 

• Fol. 32. 



30 MEMOIRS OF NATHAMIELj LORD CREWE. 

y e future, to Make The Laws, — The Standard of my Actions, 
according to y° Royal Example. 

" A Golden Sentence, This indeed, drop'd down from the 
Throne above, for I dare he bold to say, 'tis y c first time it was 
ever delivered, from that Throne. My Lords; seeing y ta this 
Pardon is so necessary for Preserving y e Pnbliek Peace of this 
Nation,. & y* you may see how much I am a Well- Wisher to y e 
good of my own Country, rather y" I sh d give any further delay 
to y e Passing of it, ] w d throw my self up for a Sacrafice, & am 
willing y c Bill sh 1 ' Pass." 

Then y e Bp w ,h drew, Avhilc; y e Question was put. It was 
imagin'd, y* y e Duke of Leeds was y* cheif occasion of his being 
excepted, on Account of y c Bp's going out of y c House, when y e 
Question was put for Committing his Grace to y e Tower in 1G79. 
The Bp stood excepted 5 or 6 years, and nothing was alleged 
ag l him'. 

In Confutation of w f Bp Burnet says y* y c Parliam* in King 
James's y e 2 l! ' s Reign was made up of Weak, poor inconsiderable 
Persons, I have heard from very good Hands y* King James 
Closetted four of y c most considerable Members of it, S r Christoph. 
Musgrave, my L d Preston, M r Finch, and M r Cholmondley of Vale 
Royal, and y* they all refused to come into his Measures in 
taking off y c Test, except my L' 1 Preston, and y* S r Christoph* 
Musgrave told y e King, his Majesty might Strip him to his 
Shirt, if he pleased, but y' he w l1 sell y' Shirt, if he had nothing 
else, for a Sword to tight for his Majesty. 

When y e Bp went down to Durham, a few Weeks after 
D r SaeheverelTs Trvall, y e Bells rung in all y e Towns as his 
L d ship pass'd, & when he came to ) c Elvetmore about a 
mile'' from Durham, he was met by 3 or 4,000 People (S r Harry 
Bellasyse said they were 5,000 Horse), all y c Gentry and Clergy. 

• Fol. 33. b Fol. ?,i. 



MKMOIKS OF NATHAMIEL, LORD CBEWE, 31 

& other Principal Inhabitants of y c Country, & received w tb a 

Speech by M r Henry Lambton, Attourney General; & y c 
Trading Companies appear* d on y c Moor w th y r Banners. In 
a short .time after, y c Bp held a Visitation of y e Dean and 
Chapter & spoke to y 1 " as follows : 

" .My Brethren of y ( ' Chapter and Clergy, Is this another 
Triennial, or rather is it not my Primary Visitation ? So extra- 
ordinary has been my Reception this Tear, in this obliging 
Country, justly cnll'd y r Bprick. So y l instead of y c 36 th Year, 
this may not be improperly stiled y e first of my Translation. 
Which is enough to set my Dial back, & to renew my age, tho' 
drawing 1 near y* of Labour and Sorrow, by filling it w th Joy & 
Exultation. But I pray, my Brethren, wherefore is all this ? 
Why ? what good have I done more than my duty, if so much ? 
y* I sh l1 Merit this more y" double Honour, altogether unsought 
by me, & indeed unthought of, 'till after I heard of y e Unani- 
mous & most obliging Resolutions of y e Gentry, Clergy and 
Multitudes of others to signalize y r Approbations of my poor 
Endeavours to serve her sacred Majesty, & the Apostolical 
Church of England. A Church, w ch tho' often struck at in all 
Ages, yet still keeps its ground, holy ground, as being founded 
on a "Rock, y 1 is impenetrable & can never be a Sap'd or under- 
min'd by its Adversaries. 

"Neither Atheism, Deism, nor Papism on y° one hand, nor 
y e Corahs, Dathans and Abirams, w !h such like Republicans on 
y e other, can ever be able to touch y c Border of v s Mount, this 
rock, w lh out being Split and dash'd in Peices y™ selves. While 
y e Monarchy w th its just Prerogatives & y e Church w Ul it's 
Hiercrety b and Wonted Discipline are thus secure from 
Danger, What Blessings may we not expect from this most 
excellent Constitution ? And more especially under so 



Fol. r>5. >' Sic, for <; Hierarchy. 



32 MEM01ES OF NATHAKIEL, LORD CREWE. 

Gracious a Queen, who is y e Tutelar Angel, & true Defender 
of our Faith. 

" A Queen who by her Exemplary Ticty, & unparalleld 
Virtue, who by her indefatigable pains & her own Particular 
Inspection, labours to convey these Blessings safely down to 
y e latest Posterity, y* they may enjoy y c same. 

"And now, my Brethren, having thus Introduced myself here 
amongst you w Ul this Breviate of Home-Occurrences, this Short 
Narrative of this Summer's Domestick Campagne, I sh d proceed 
to y* w ch is more properly the Business of y c day, Expecting 
your Answers to my several Articles of Enquiry; but your 
Dean being not yet returned, the' Shortly expected, I shall 
adjourn this Visitation to another day, & because I will not 
trouble you again w th uoisc & Procession, I do appoint it to be 
at my Castle on ... R betwixt y* Hours of 9 & 12 in y e 
Forenoon, & accordingly this Visitation is ihus b adjourned. 
In y e Mean time God's Blessing light on you all." 

Bp Ken was once Sumtnond to appear before y* Privy Council 
where he told King William there was nothing to be feared from 
him, nor any Matter y l could give Offence, to be charged upon 
him, unless it were he was reduced to be a beggar. When he 
was Withdrawn, !>' Compton, Bp of London, being y n Present 
in y e Council Chamber said, it see in d hard upon Bp Ken to be 
sent for so far when there was nothing to be alleged af l him. & 
so beg'd leave, y : he might invite him to take a Lodging at 
Fulham. King William said, " my Lord, you have encouraged too 
many of my Enemies already." When Bp Compton told this 
to y e Bp of Durham, he said, " My Lord, it was worth your 
Paius indeed to do y l ." 

The Bp of Durham was to have marry'd Bp Croft's Daughter, 
and her Portion was to be o()00£, but she Dy'd of y e Meazles. 

m Blank in MS. b Fol. 30. 



MEMOIRS OF NATHANIEL. LORD CREWE. 33 

In 1G91, on S l Tho 9 day, y c Lady Tynt, Widow of S r Hugh 
Tynt, was Marry 'd to y e Bp. 

The Bp attended S 1 ' John Fenwick's Tryal constantly & Sate 
up till 3 in y c morning;, on y c last day of it, & enter' d his Protest 
in favour of S r John three times. On this Account, King- James 
who was not pleased w th y c Bps Compliance at y e Revolution, 
said, as my Lord was told, y* he forgave him n every thiug. 
Lord Portland ask'd y c Bp on this Occasion, why he left y ra , 
alluding to King William's having pardoned him; my L d said 
' because he could not Answer it to his Conscience, to do other- 
wise. The Bp always waited on y° King & Queen upon his 
coming to Town, & going to y c Country. 

Nov- 30: 1G97. L d Tho : Crew y c Bp's Brother dyes, & y c 
Barony and av ,u it an Estate of 3000JL a Year falls to y e Bp, his 
Brother having cutt off y p Entail of about 3000£ a Year more, 
w ch belong'd to 3" e Family. From this Time he was summon'd 
to Parliament by two Writs, one by L' 1 Crew, y e other as Bp of 
Durham. He was constantly in his Diocese every Year 'till his 
Sickness in London in 17 15-1 G iv y c 82nd Year of his Age. His 
Visitations till y f time were Constantly Triennial, & his Confir- 
mations Annual." 

A Divorce was su'd for in y° House of Lords betwixt y e Earl of 
Anglesy iv his Lady, now Dutchess of Buckingham; The Bp 
was for y c Divorce & it was carry'd; upon w cl ' Bp Burnet said 
to my Lord, "you Encourage Whores." 

In 1713 y c old Duke of Leeds met w th my Lord at Court, & 
said to him, " how does y r L''ship do ? I have known you a long 
time;" "yes," says my Lord, "above 40 Years, you have 
rememb'red me ever since 1679." My Lord attended y c house 
very late at Night to y c Hazard of his Health, when L d Oxford 
was sent to y e Tower, & voted against his Imprisonment. 1 * 

1 Fol. 37. h FoJ. 33. 

CAMD. SOC. F 



34 MEMOIRS OF NATHANIEL, LORD CEEWB. 

August 1, 1714: Q. Anne Dyes; y* V>]> proclaimed K. George 
of B Durham & assisted as y e R* hand Supporter at li is Majestie's 

Coronation. L' 1 "Wharton said to y* Princess,. y e Bp y n standing 
by, "Madam, L a Crew is four score;'" my L a reply'd, "may it 
please y 1 ' R. H. I am above 80 Years of Age, & L d Wharton 
remembers me y c greatest part of y* time." The Bp went to 
wait on K. George, but no Bed-Chamber Man was in y a Way to 
introduce him; Whereupon he said to some Person Present, 
"pray tell y e King, 1 only came to pay my Duty to him, for I 
have nothing to ask of him;" The King gave orders, y* when- 
ever y* good Man came to see him, he sh' 1 be admitted immedi- 
ately. When y e Bp of Sarum dy'd, my L (1 said to y e King; 
" I have Buried my Successor j " The Xing reply'd, he hop'd it 
w cl be many Years before he sh' 1 name his Successor. 

InOctoV 1715'' Lady Crew dy'd k f Winter my L f1 fell Sick 
at London. The next Year he came to Steene, his Seat in y e 
Country, & resided there by reason of his Infirmity (w ch 

* li Of,*' in eiTor for "at." 

b The second band notes here : — " i 7 1 (T : vide JUat. Heg r . p. 70. Lord Crew's 2' 
Lady was y e Dan* of S r \Y ni Forstor of Balmborough Castle iu Korthnsib d who was 
to have been his first wife, and when bis L'ship asked her Ladyship bow she came 
to refuse his first offer, she replyd y 1 she was ' so many years older, and hy con- 
sequence so nmch wiser, nnd therefore ye fitter for his Lordship.' She resided in 
her Infancy' ranch at Durham : at w cU time Mr. [Joseph] Smith (afterwards [1730- 
1756] Provost of Queen's College [Oxford!) going frequently to her Father's 
(Mr. Foster), thev were play Fellows together, & v\"in company w" 1 him w n they 
grew np.she w 1 take a pleasure in talking of y e little Tricks in their Youth, & being 
of a lively Temper & disposition m j occasionally he very jocular, and among other 
things relate his taking her up in his arms and setting her hare upon a cold stone in 
y e Garden, when she said " by my Faith, you have nsd me very senrvily, you took 
Dp my Cloaths & set mc upon my bar Breach'.'" Thomas Hearne has a note (MS. 
Collections, vol. i>-\ p. Dl) : " 1722, Sept. -C, Tuesday. I am told that the late 
Bishop of Durham's second lady was sister to Foster that acted treacherously lately 
al Freston, that she was the prettiest young Woman in England (in so much that 
she was commonly called yretty Dolly Foster) but that she never enjoyed her self 
after Marriage but pin'd away, the bishop being old.'' 



MEMOIRS OF NATHANIEL, LOUD CREWE. 35 

prevented his Appearance either in y c Parliament, or at his 
Diocese) till his Death. 

Aug* 12, 1717 y c 13p wont to Lincoln College. 11 On y e same 
day of y e Month 1G6S' J he was chosen Rector. Such respect was 
shew'd him there by y e City, as well as University, y* an c order 
from y e Court of Chancery being sent at that time, for his 
Paying- ICOO.C Costs of Suit betwixt his L d Ship & S r Henry 
Lyddall, there was no Attonrney in Oxford, y x could be prevail* d 
on to Serve y e Writ. 

The 13 p was y e kindest Master to his Servants, & Landlord to 
his Tenants, of his time, Scarce any of his Fines or Rents 
having even been raised by him. His Hospitality and Charity 
at Steene was remarkable ; as also y e Care he took of his 
Diocese, in Appointing Commissioners to give Institution, and 
to Perform all Acts except those which requir'd y e Presence of 
a Bishop. 

He gradually dcclin'd for several "Weeks ; expected his 
Death with Perfect Satisfaction & case ; was entirely resigned, 
compos'd and Serene, & kept his parts and Memory to y e last 
Moment of his Life; & expired, while his Soul was Recom- 
mended to God in y' form w ch y c Church appoints to be used on 
such Occasions. 

His Will contains an Account of his Benefactions w ch was to 



* Tbe visit was to intimate to the College that he was going to execute in his life- 
time the provisions of his will for the benefit of the College. On 8 Oct., 1717, he 
nominated bis first twelve exhibitioners ; and a College order of '21 Julv, 171S, 
provides that tbe directions lie bad given about tbe allocation of his benefaction of 
£47-4 6s. 8rf. a year to the College (including tkc-e exhibitioners), which sum he 
had already began to pay, "be engrossed ou vellum and placed in the College 
treasury amongst tbe rest of our archives as a perpetual monument of our duty aid 
gratitude to bis Lordship." 

b '' 1078 "' in MS iu error. 

c FoJ. 3i>. 



36 MEMOIRS OF NATHANIEL, LORD CREWE. 

have been here Inserted if these Memoirs had been Printed by 

[Dr. a Smith] as were intended. 1 ' 

a " Dr. Smith " is inserted by the second hand, in error. 

b At the end of the MS., among other notes by the second hand, is this following : 
— " Mr. [John] Offley [husband of Anne Crewe] chaugd his name to Crew as being 
heir to S r J" Crew. He was Father to Mr. [John] Crew of Crew-hall, who mar d 
Sarah King who was Chamber Maid at y e Crown Inn at Oxford belonging to S r 
Sebastian Smith. She was much followd by Lord Brook's son of X 1 Church & as 
she was a strong well-made woman she made nothing of throwing j* nobleman's son 
into y° bason in y c great Quadrangle there : and afterw ds being drove out of Oxford 
by Mr. [Joseph] Smith,) [in 170! Senior] Proctor of y« University, for keeping 
company w ,b y e Gownsmen, and particularly w ! '' y* young nobleman & Mr. Crew, she 
■went to London, & Mr. Crew was to fired w :h y* beautiful & excellent frame of her 
Person y* to allay them he went after her to London k was there tempted to marry 
her altho' he had before two illegitimate sons by her. [John] the eldest of them was 
obligd to procure an Act of Parliam' for bis naturalisation before he c J make a 
settlement on his marriage w th Miss [Anne] Shuttleworth ye Dan* of Mr. [Richard] 
Shuttleworth, member for Lancash* : otherwise Dr. Joseph Crew who was the 3d, 
and only son born in wedlock w a have been y e lawfull Heir. He took his name 
from Dr. Joseph Smith, as he was undesignedly y e Instrument of his Lather's 
maT= e . This rash act of Mr. Crew's mar 1 -''" to her did at first cive great disgust 
to the Family ; hut, contrary to expectation, she behaved so extremely prudent >.v: 
was so courteous and obliging to her Hush' 1 ' 3 Friends y' she soon gaind their esteem & 
by her good management & Frugality she not only paid of [f ] a considerable debt y* 
was owing on y e Estates but savd Ten Thou-andp'* apeice for her younger children. 
Dr. Joseph Crew was ye 3' 1 . & only son born in wedlock : this gentleman, who is pre- 
ferred to y e considerable living of Crew hall, mar 1 a Dau r of Mr. Haywood of 
Oxford." 



APPENDIX 
TO THE MEMOIRS OF LORD CREWE. 



The very imperfect account of Lord Crewe's declining years 
given in the MS. ma}- be supplemented from contemporary 
diaries and letters. 

1717: Lord Crewe's visit to Oxford. This attracted much 
attention at the time, and is noticed at some length in Thomas 
Hearne's Diary. 

Hearne MS. Collections, vol. 64, p. 93:— "Aug. 16, Ffriday, 
1717. Dr. Crew, Bishop of Durham, is now in Oxford.* He is four- 
score and eight months old.'" Ibid., p. 109: — "1717, Aug. 26 l1 ', 
Monday. The Bishop of Durham, Dr. Crew (who continues still 
in Oxford) hath given (as I hear) an hundred Pounds to the 
new Building (which is designed for a Library) carrying now 
on on the south side of Peckwater Quadrangle at X 1 Church, 
an hundred Pounds to the carrying on of Queen's College, an 
hundred libs, for an Altar Pk-ce at the new church of All- 
Hallows, two hundred libs, towards the spire of the said Church 
of All-Hallows, and withall hath augmented the Eectorship of 
Lincoln College twenty libs, per an., and the fellowships of the 
same college ten libs, per an., which Augmentations are to bc"-in 
at Michaelmas next. He Lath, likewise given Exhibitions to 

* A dinner was given to Lord Crewe in Lincoln College Hall on the occasion of 
this visit. The dinner cost £0 15,?. Gd. ; new table-linen was provided for the High 
Table, costing " for linen and making cloths and napkins, £2 4*. Qd." The 
Accounts mention also " for wine in ball at entertainment to the Bp. of Durham 
our Benefactor, £3 15s. 0</.: to the University musick at the same time, £1 1*. G</." 



38 MEMOIRS OF XATITANIEL, LORD CREWE. 

the same College. So that this Bishop may he looked upon as 
a good Benefactor to the University of Oxon." Ih'ul., p. Ill : — • 
" 1717, Aug. 29, Thursday. On Tuesday last (Aug. 27) at two 
clock in the Afternoon was a Consort of Mnsick in the Theatre 
for the Bishop of Durham; who was there. This was 
Dr. Charlett's contrivance and is laugh'd at. For indeed it was 
not at all proper to entertain him with Musick, unless there had 
been also a Speech, which would have been decent enough, and 
it should have been spoken by one of the ffellows of Lincoln 
College, to which College he hath keen so great a Benefactor, 
as I have observed above. I am told the Exhibitions he hath 
given arc about 12, and all 20 libs, per an. But I am not yet 
certain. He hath likewise augmented the Income of four 
Churches (ten Pounds each) belonging to that College, viz. All 
Hallowes, Oxon., St. Michael's, Oxon., Comb by Woodstock, 
and" [Twyford m Bucks]. Ibid., p. 114 :—" 1717, Aug. 31, 
Saturday. The Bishop of Durham went out of Town on Friday 
Morning last. I do not find that it holds true that he hath 
given an Hundred libs, to Queen's College. 3 Dr. Lupton b is 
his Chaplain, and he was with him. Old Mr. Giffard tells me 
that he was formerly well acquainted with the Bishop. 
Mr. Giffard offered to make a visit to his Lordship, and the 

1 The second hand in John Smith's MS. has this note : — " Cop}' of the Register 
of 13p. Cress's benefaction to Qneen's College as it is entered among the rest of the 
benefactors of that College : — Capellae Omnium Sanctorum in Coll'' Keg" Bcnefac- 
tores — N:tth ul , Baro Crew, Ep M Dun'' 5 . Ut actios deo opt max" dicatae pulchrius 
enitescerent, utqne in atrio. tarn clcganti qnam sancto Rcginenses Dom m adorarent 
suam esse voluit enram suae aetatis praeaul omnium munificentissimus, »', permiss. 
Div. Dun''* cp u *, it Baro Crewe <le Steane, qui nt opus adco pium promoverct ex 
innata auimi benigftitate 'ccntnm libras lubcntissime donavit. Idem, no in cacteris 
acdificiis erigendts deficeret socictas, anno inscqucnte centum aureos largitus .>t.'' 

b William Lupton was adm. Fellow of Lincoln 22 Dee. 169S, and died 13 Dec. 
172G. lie had been promoted by Crewe to the 9th stall at Durham, 13 Sept. 1715. 
A note by the second hand in John Smith's MS. say- : — "Dr. Lupton was recom- 
mended to his Lordship for his chaplain by Dr. John Smith, prebendary of Durham, 
who had a particular interest in the Bishop.' 1 



MEMOIES OF NATITAXJI-L, LOKD CREWE. 39 

Matter was made known to Dr. Lupton, tlio' Mr. Giffard desired 
that his Ldship might know that lie was a Non-Juror, 
Dr. Lupton when lie heard this said that the Bishop did not 
( care to have a vi.sit from any stranger/ So Air. Giffard did 
not go. He afterwards was informed that he did not care to 
see Non-Jurors." Ibid., p. 115: — "I find that the Bishop of 
Durham is older than I said he was. lie is fourscore and four, 
as I have it from many hands. He hath given twelve Exhibi- 
tions to Lincoln College, of twenty Pounds per an. each." 

The visit is noticed also in contemporary letters : e.g., MS. 
Ballard 32, fol. 42, a letter from William Bishop of Gray's Inn 
to Dr. Arthur Charlett (Master of Univ. 1602-1722)," dated 
29 Aug. 1717 : — " W the Good bishop of Durham has don lately 
is wonderfully great and Good, and He is commended and 
praised by All here, y l wish well to our Church and Univer- 
sities." 

1718 : a further gift to All Saints' Church, Oxford. In MS. 
Ballard 83, fol-. 10G v ,is a letter from Francis Taylor to Dr. Charlett , 
dated Univ. Coll. 15 May 1718, which contains this sentence: — 
"On Monday y ( ' Bp of Durham sent a 100"' by Mr. Gray" of 
Lincoln for carrying on y e New Steeple." 

1710: Lord Crewe is offended by Lincoln College. 

The second hand in John Smith's MS., on fol. 39b and fol. 
40, has this note : — " Having no children (not marrying till 
King "William's time, in whoso reign the title fell to him which 
is now by his death extinguishd) he became a great benefactor 
to the University of Oxford, and particularly to Lincoln College 
where he founded several scholarships and augmented y e head- 
ship and fellowships, tlio' he wou'd have been a better bene- 
factor to that College, if they had not disobligd him in refusing 

* Richard Grey, adm.to Lincoln Coll. as servitor on 20 June 1712 : B.A. lb May 
1710 ; num. bj Lord Crewe on 8 Oct. 1717 to the rlr>t of his newly founded 
Exhibitions in Line. Coll.; M.A. 1718-9; D.D. 17i>l ; died Archdeacon of 
Pedford 28 Feb. 1771. 



40 MEMOIRS OF NATHANIEL; LORD CREWE. 

of his recommendation of Dr. \V ni Lupton (then prebendary of 
Durham, and sometime his Lordship's chaplain) to succeed Dr. 
Adams in the Rectorship of that College, after thn College had 
actually paid a compliment to his Ldship to leave it to his 
nomination to fix upon a proper person for them. This extra- 
ordinary proceeding of that society was occasioned by the 
apprehension they were under of Dr. Lupton's being too great 
a disciplinarian/' and the inclination they had of bringing in Dr. 
Morley. Therefore they hastened their election, pretending 
afterwards for their excuse that they did not receive his Lord- 
ship's letter of commands in due time. However Dr. Lupton 
was in all respects well qualifyed for that station and his Lord- 
ship had so great an opinion and regard to him that he made 
him executor of his will in conjunction with auditor Harley and 
Dr. [Thomas] Eden, prebendary of Durham, uncle to Sir 
Eobert Eden of "West Auckland, Bar*. His Ldship gave Dr. 
Lupton by his will a dozen silver plates besides his picture 
which the Dr. since deposited in the picture gallery in Oxford.'* 
In Hearne's Diary we have these notes, MS. Collections, 
vol. S3, p. 74 :— " 1 710, June 29 ft , Mond. On Saturday last dyed 
in the evening aV 9 clock Dr. Ffitzherbert Adams,' 1 Rector of 
Lincoln College and Prebendary of Durham. He died of the 
Gout in the Stomach."' Hid., p. 77 :— " 1 719, July 1, Wedn. 
Last night between 8 and 9 clock the Rector of Lincoln Dr. 
Adams was buried in All Hallows Church Oxon." Hit., p. 02 : 

* According to Anthony Wood (IAfe and Times, \\\. 112) the same consideration 
had determined the prccediug election : " May 2, Sat., 1»;S.">, Fitzherbert Adams 
chose rector of Line. Coll. against Dr. George Hickes. He had 'J voices and l)r. 
Hickcs but 3. Occasioned by John Radcliffc and Edward Hopkins that they might 
have agovcrnour that they might govern. Radcliffe represented Hickes to he a 
turbulent man, and that if lie should l>e rector they should never be at qnict " 

b Fitzbcrbert Adams, adm. Fellow of Line. Coll. 17 Oct. 1672 a res. 2i> Sept. 
1GS4 ; elected Rector 2 May ICS5. He. had long been a persona grata to Lord 
Ciewc, who ultimately, on 11 April 1711, conferred on him. the 11th stall (the 
4i golden prebend " ) at Durham. 



MEMOIRS OF NATHANIEL, LORD CREWE. 41 

— "1719, Saturd. July 18 th . This Morning Dr. John Morley, 
D-D., was chosen Rector of Lincoln College in opposition to Dr. 
William Lupton D.D. Dr. Morley had niuc votes and Dr. Lupton 
only three. Dr. Morley is a very honest worth Man. Dr. Lupton 
is also a worthy Man, but not being near so standi as Morley." 

According to College tradition, the Fellows had asked Lord 
Crewe to indicate to them the person he wished to see elected 
Rector. He refused at first; but, upon a second or third 
request, he nominated Dr. Lupton. The College Register states 
that Morley a was elected " unanimi consensu sociorum b prae- 
sentium ; " so that Lupton's three votes must have stayed 
away from, the election. They were Lupton himself, Knightley 
Adams, and William Watts. 

Contemporary letters sufficiently indicate the Bishop's morti- 
fication and the amazement of the public at the action of the 
College. In MS. Ballard 2i, fol. 210*, is a letter from Robert 
Shippen to Dr. Charlett, dated Oxford, 2 Aug., 1710, which 
says : — 

"The Bp of Durham has received the new Rector, with great, 
very great, coldness; said he { knew nothing of him ' when he 
sent up his name. The Bp. asked ' if he had any busyness; ' 
he answered '-onely to pay his duty.' Went away immediately 
after dinner, and made Mr. Watts his Chaplain that day, by 



a John Morley was adm. Fellow of Line. Coll. 30 Nov., 1689, and res. 27 May, 1712. 
In the interval he had been Rector of Scotton, co. Liuc. He died 12 June, 1731, and 
was buried in Scotton church. 

b Morley 'a will directed a mourning-ring to be given to each Fellow who had been 
present at his election. It appears from the accounts of his executor that nine ring* 
were paid for. 

« William Watts, adm. Fellow of Lincoln 22 Dec, 1706, resigned 20 Sept.. 1721. 
Dr. Adams, the deceased Rector, had been the Bishop's Chaplain ; Crewe passed 
over Morley, the new Lector, and made Watts, who had strongly opposed Morley"s 
election, his Chaplain. Other promotion soon followed. In MS. Ballard 33, 
fol. ir>() v , is a letter from Francis Taylonr to Dr. Charlert, dated Univ. Coll., 
Oxou., 9 Aug., 1719, which says : — " Mr. Watts of Lincoln goes down to Durham 

G 



42 MEM0IKS OF NATHANIEL, LORD CliEWE. 

way of Indignation, he being always for Lupton." In MS. 
Ballard 18, fol. 44 v , is a letter from Anthony Hall of Queen's 
College to Dr. Charlett, dated 7 Aug., 1719, in which lie says : — 
ff It is matter of wonder to some people why Ly [n]coln College 
should chusc Dr. Morley, after the Bp. of Durham, their great 
Benefactor, had recommended Dr. Lupton." In MS. Ballard 
8, fol. 118, is a letter from Thomas Lindsay, Archbishop of 
Armagh, to Dr. Charlett, dated 13 Aug., 1719, in which he 
says:— "At the same time I am much troubled to hear \ x 
Lincoln College have lost so great a Bene fac tour as the Bp. of 
Durham by refusing of Dr. Lupton." 

1719: Visit of John Robinson, Bishop of London. The 
Bishop of London paid a visit to Oxford in August this year, 
and went over to Stene. In MS. Ballard 21, fol. 200 v , is a letter, 
dated "Trim Coll. Aug. [13 or 15] 1719," from Will Jam Dobson 
to Dr. Charlett. Here it is said : — " Yesterday morning at 5, 
he," the Bishop of London, "took y c Vicechancellor a with him 
in his Coach to Stene. The Bishop of Durham having some 
Intimation of his Intent rec d him with great Solemnity, in his 
princely purple Robes ; had a very real Dinner for their 
Entertainment, having for that purpose procured (from his 
Neighbour Mr. Cartwright) a fat Buck, and. good French wine, 
which uses to be a Rarity at Stene. The Bishop brought the 
Vicechancellor home the same night." 

1720: Gift to the Bodleian Picture-Gallery. Hearne in his 
Diary, MS. Collections vol. 8», p. 152, says :— " 1720, July 9th, 
Saturday. This afternoon I heard of five Pictures that the 



this week to be Xnstall'd prebendary " [of the fith stall, rice John Dollen removed 
tothc 11th stall, vacant by Dr. Fitzherbert Adams' death]. "The Bishop, he says, 
has promisd to give him a living, his Design being never to prefer any in his 
Church, hut to give the Benefices likewise in his Diocese to his Residentiarics." 
Watts in 1720 was presented by Lord Crewe to the Rectory of Hinton, Xorthts., 
and in 1721 to that of Wolsingham, co. Durh. 
» Robert Shippea Principal of Brasenose. 



MEMOIRS OF NATHANIEL, LORD CREWE. 43 

Bishop of Durham, Dr. Crow, hath given to the Bodlejan Gallery 
viz. K. Charles II and his Queen, K. James II and his Queen, 
and a picture of himself (the Bishop)." In MS. Ballard 83, fol. lo7, 
is a letter dated, London, 18 July, 1720, from Francis Taylor to 
Dr. Charlett, which says : — "I have lately had a kind letter from 
Cos 11 Bourne of C. C. C. telling y c Benefactions of y e Bishop of 
Durham to y e Picture. Gallery." 

1721 : Lord Crewe's episcopal jubilee. At the end of John 
Smith's MS. there is a note by the second hand: — "Lord 
Crew had a. grand Jubilee at Stone on y e day of his being 
oO y rs Bishop. On w cU occasion he invited over y e A'ice- 
chau r of Oxford/ all y c beads of y c Colleges and Halls, and 
y e proctors; and they all went in their formalities; and a 
Grand entertainm* was provided for y m w ,h a band of musick 
playing y c whole time. The Bishop set at y e Head of y e 1 st 
Table; Dr. Lupton, of y e 2 d Table; and D r [Thomas] Mangoy, 
at y e head of y e 3 d Table." 

Thomas Hearne's note about this is as follows (MS. Collec- 
tions, vol. 91, p. 212):— "1721, July 3d, Monday. Yesterday 
being the day on w cl ' Bp. Crew, now Bp. of Durham, was conse- 
crated Bp. of Oxon., this day a Visit was p d him by our Yice-Ch., 
both the Proctors, and several others, at his L d ship's seat at 
Stean in Xorthamptonsh., purely to flatter the Bp. and to try 
for Money." 

1721: Lord Crewe and Anthony Wood's Aihenae Oxonienses. 
Wood's venom against Crewe was well-known, and the gossips 
of the day were on the alert to find out what Y\"ood had said 
about the Bishop in the continuation of his Aihenae, which on 
his death-bed he had entrusted to Thomas Tanner (1095), and 
which was now on the eve of publication. 

Tanner baulked their expectations. In MS. Ballard 4, fol. 131, 
is a letter from Tanner to Dr. Chanctt dated Norwich, 22 Apr., 

* Sbipi'cn, again. 



44 MEMOIRS OF NATHANIEL, LOED CREWE. 

1 7 19, which contains the following passage : — " Some . . . will 

be disappointed in not finding" [in the new edition of Wood's 
Athcnae] " so much Scandal] as probably they might expect. I 
believe a good deal was confounded in the bonefiro a made by 
his order a little before his death. Otherwise, I would, I think, 
have met w th the Life of that worthy old Gent", your Friend, 
Dr. Walks, not set forth to advantage— against whom, you 
know, Mr. W[ood] had entertained a g 1 aversion 1 ' — but I never 
had any such Paper. Some few others I also want. The worst 
in truth that 1 have is that of L' 1 Bp. of D[urham], which by 
chance came uppermost to the sight of a certain Archdeacon, 
to whom I last summer shew'd these Papers for half a quarter 
of an hour, and who, unwarily and ag-' the confidence I reposed 
in him, mention'd it at Cambridge, where it got wind, and 
about which I could tell you a good deal if it was worth while 
or time could permit. In shore, a Northern D r told me if such 
a Paper had been in his possession he would have managed it 
so as to have got a prebend of Durham; but my Ld's reputa- 
tion and character is safer in the hands it is, of one that scorns 
such mercenary views, and without such is inclined to let 
nothing pass which is inconsistent with good manners and that 
regard that ought to be paid to his high station in the Church, 
or, however, to Ids late Benefactions and Charity which should 
cover him from many reflections." 

Heariie's Diaries contain several notices of this matter. MS. 
Collections vol 83, p. 83 :— " 1719, Wedn. July 8"'. D r ffouikes 
also told mn that he was assured that the Athena* Oxon. were 
either now printing or ab { to be printed at London again with 
Additions and y l D 1 ' 'Fanner had declared that he had surren- 
dered up Mr. Wood's Papers to another but y* he had no hand 



■ Wood's Life and Times, iii. 49S. 

b Wood's Life ami Times t \. :>•',!', (Wallis "lives upon rapine and perjury''); 
ii. 424. 4SS, i89, 507-508 : iii. S4, 320, oOt!. 



MEMOIRS OF NATHANIEL, LORD CREWE. 45 

in the Edition it self. If so, this is base in the D r who hath be- 
trayed his Trust, when he promised to print the Papers faithfully 
himself and to perfect and compleat them. But he is a Whig, and 
is therefore afraid he shall disoblige the Party/* MS. Collec- 
tions vol. 92, p. 42 :— " 1 721 , Aug. 28 th , Monday. On Thursday 
the Vice-Chancellor was very busy about a new Edition of 
Athenae Oxon that has come out tho' I have not yet seen it, and 
he toJd my Friend that there is a Passage in it about the Bp. of 
Durham, which he would not for all the World the Bp. should 
see. It seems the Bp. is said in it to have been first a Puritan, 
then a Papist, and at last an Orangian. As I do not look upon 
this to Lave been written by Ant. a AVood, a so I suppose and 
believe that there are many such spurious Additions/ so that 
this Edition will be of little or no Authority, with respect to 
the first. Tho' Bp. Crew was an Olivarian and stuck in with 
the wicked Revolution, and hath been always a Trimmer and a 
very stingy ungenerous Man, yet he never was a Papist, and 
therefore the Passage on that account is false." Ibid., p. 44 : — 
" 1721. Aug. 30, Wedn. Yesterday I saw the new Edition of 
Athenae Oxon. The Words ab 1 Bp. Crew are not just as repre- 
sented above"/ Yet I cannot but think from manv Thinsra in the 

* o 

» Spluttering? of Wood's ill-will to Crewe will be found in Wood's Life and 
Times i. 268, 332-333, 500 ; ii. It'. ; iii. 2SS, I'DS. 

b Heafnc several times speaks of the 1721 edition of the Athenae Oxon. in terms 
of extreme depreciation. A careful examination of the sources of the edition has 
convinced me that Hcarne's suspicions are quite unreasonable. 

e The reflections on Crewe are as follows :— " At the Restoration . . . Mr. Crew 
. . . turn'il about, and no man seemed greater for the royal cause and prelacy than 
lie .... [He showed] himself ready to keep pace with the humour of King 
James II. . . . But when Dr. Crew fully saw that the Prince of Orange would take 
place he began in some respects to flinch from and desert his master, by sneaking 
after and applying himself to the Orangian party." — Athenae Oxon. edit. 1721, vol. 
ii. eol. 1177, 1178. What I Iearne had heard "is therefore a concise but not unfair 
summary of what is found in the printed text. It must be borne in mind that it had 
been positively reported that Crewe '" bad declared himself a Roman Catholic," and 
that Wood had noted this in his Diary, 3 Apr. 10S7 — Wood's L\fc and Times, iii. 
217 ; Lnttrcll's Diary, i. o'J'J. 



46 MEMOIRS OF NATHANIEL, LORD CREWE. 

Book that A nth. a Wood would never own abundance that is in 
it, were he living. No doubt Tricks have been plaid and Dr. 
Tanner hath neither done Justice to Anthonv nor erot am- 
Credit by letting the Papers come out in this manner." 

In MS. Ballard 2, fob IS, is a letter from R. R. {i.e. 
Dr. Richard Rawlinson) to Thomas Rawlins, dated 15 Apr., 1737, 
in which it is said : — " Bp. Tanner has assured me that there 
was no alteration in any one character, except an omission in 
that of Bp. Crew, who was spared as he had been a great 
benefactor to the University and Lincoln College. The 
original was left many months in the bookseller's hands for the 
satisfaction of all that were curious." 

1721 : Lord Crewe's death. At the end of John Smith's MS. 
is the following note by the secondhand : — " lie dy'd n Sep 1 ' 18, 
1722, and was buryd at Stenc. He held y e Bishoprick of 
Durham 47 years as he had done y* of Oxford 3, continuing a 
Bishop 50 years 3 months and 2 days; being a longer time y n 
any Englishman ever enjoyd y l Honour, except Thomas 
Bouchier, ArchBishop of Canterbury, who held y e sees of 
Worcester Ely and Canterbury 51 years and 21 days. He was 
succeeded by W m Talbot, Bishop of Oxford and then of 
Salisbury." Hearings Diary notices the death in these terms, 
MS. Collections, vol. 02, p. 83:— "1722: Sept. 20, AVednesd. 
On Monday night last [Sept 18] died Dr. Crew, Bp. of 
Durham, at his Seat at Stene in Northamptonshire, of a great 
Age. He died ab { Clock." Ibid., p. 01:— "1722: Sept. 27, 
Wednesday. Mr. Catteral of Oriel College hath just put to the 
Theatre Press a Poem upon the Death of Bp. Crew. This is 
the same Catteral who published a Poem about Socrates, and 
another call'd The Conflag ration. " 



E There was a service of commemoration held in Lincoln College, on which occa- 
sion the College allowed Richard Hutching, Fellow, two guineas " for a speech in 
chapel upon the death of the Bishop of Durham." 



INDEX. 



Adams. Dr. Fitzherbert, 40, il 
Anne, Queen, 32, 84 

Baker, Thomas, of Cambridge, 23 

Belasyse, John, 1st Baron, 17 

Bentlcy, Dr. Richard, 2:3 

Berwick, l (J. 19 

Blandford, Bishop of Worcester, 8 3 10- 

12 
Buckingham, George, 2nd Duke of, 11. 

14 
Buckingham, Catherine, Duchess of, 33 
Burnet, Bishop of Sarum, 25, 3u, 33, 34 

Calais, 11 

Cambridge, 5, 23, 44 

Cartwright of Aynbo, 42 

Cartwright, Bishop of Chester, 21 

Castlemaine, Lady. 9 

Charles I., 1,2 

Charles II., 2. 6, 8-15, 17, 19, 20, 43 

Cbariett, Dr. Arthur, v.. 3S-43 

Cheyncli ( "'). in Bucks, 3 

Chichester, 10 

Clarendon, Edward, 1st Earl of, 8, 9 

Comptou, Bishop of London, 14. 1G, 17, 
20, 22, 29, 32 

0>sin>, Bishop of Durham, ]2 

Crewe of Crewe, family of, 1, 36 

Crswc of Steane, family of, iy., 1 

Crewe, John, 1st Baron, of Steane, 1-3, 
17, 19 ; John (ab. 1681), 19 ; Natha- 
niel, 3rd Baron, passim ; ^ir Thomas 
(ob. 1C34), 1 ; Thomas, L'nd Baron, 2, 
19, 33 

Croft, Bishop of Hereford, S, 14. 32 

Danl.y, Thomas, 1st Earl of. 14. 19 ; 

created (1694) 1st Duke of Li-ed?, 17, 

30, 33 
Declaration for liberty of conscienee. 

23, 21 



Dolben, Archbishop of Yoik, 8, 14, 17 

Durham- 
City and di>trict, 17. 18, 30, 31 
Prerogatives of the See of, 15-17, 20, 

21,31 
Chapter of, 16, 31 
Militia of, 17, IS, 22 

Ecclesiastical Commission, the, 21. 22. 

24, 25 
Eyre, Dr. Samuel, 26 

Fancohberg, Thomas, 2nd Viscount, 17. 

28 
Fell, Bishop of Oxford, C, 12 
Fenwick, Sir John, 22. 33 
Forster, Dorothy, 34 

George I., 34 

Grey, Dr. Kiekard, iv., 39 

Halifax, Marquess of. see Savile 
llearne, Thomas, v., 23, 34, 37, 40, 44- 

4(". 
Hickman, llenrv, 3 
Holland, 11, 2G,"27 
Homer, 4 
Hood, Dr. Faul, 4, G, 9 

James. Duke of York, 9, 10, 12-15, 17- 
1'.'; James II.. 20-22, 24-2G, 30, 33, 
43. 45 

Jeffreys. Chief Justice of King's Bench, 
21 

Jenkins, Sir Lcoline. 7 

Johi^on, Samuel (" Julian "), 22 

Ken, Bishop, 32 

Lauderdale, John, Dnke of, 15, 18, 19 
Leeds, Duke of. see Danby 
Luptou, Dr. William, 3S-43 



48 



INDEX. 



Mary, the Virgin, 10 

Mary Beatrice, Queen, see Y"ork 

Mary, Princess of Orange, 20 ; Queen, 

23*, 25, 27, 33 
Mazarin, Cardinal, 9 
Militia, the, 17, IS, 22 
Monk, George, 2 
Monmouth, Duke of. 17, 22 
Montagu, Ralph, 1st Duke of, 16 
Morlev, Bishop of Winton, S 
Morlev, Dr. John, 40-42 
Morton, Dr. John, 23 
Musgravc, Sir Christopher, 30 

Newbold, county Leicester, 19 
Newcastle, 16 
Non-jurors, 26, 32, 39 

Oates, Titus, 13, 19 
Orange, Prince of, see William 
Ordination, farcical examination for, 8 
Owen, Dr. John, 5 
Oxford. Robert Harley, Earl of, 33 
Oxford- 
Christ Church, 1, 30, 37 

Lincoln College, 3-7, 9, 12, 3."., 37-41, 
40 

Magdalen College, 24 

Queen's College, 34, 37,38 

All Saints Church, 9, 37-40 

Crown Inn, 30 

Picture Gallery, 40, 43 

Proctors' Black book, 7 

Vesper Supper, 5 

Petre, Edward ("Father''), 21, 24. 25 
Portsmouth. Duchess of, 20 
Preston, Richard, 1st Viscount, 21. 30 
•'Pretender,'' the, 25 

Rawlinson, Dr. Richard. 40 
Robinson , Bishop of London, 12 



Running footmen, 15 

Sacheverell, Dr. Henry. 30 

Sancroft, Archbishop of Canterbury, 17. 

19, 21, 22, 25 
Sanderson, Bishop of Lincoln, 
Sandwich, Edward, 1st Earl of, 13, 27 
Savile, George, afterwards Marquess of 

Halifax, 10 
Scotland, 17-19 

Shaftesbury, Anthony, 1st Earl of, 13, 14 
Sheldon, Archbishop of Canterbury, 8, 

11. 13, 16 
Shippen, Dr. Robert, 41-13 
Smith, Dr. John. iv.. 38; Dr. Joseph, 

31. 30: ' ; Narrative," IS, f?S 
South. Dr. Robert, 20 
Steane, countv Northampton, iv., 1, 34, 

35,42,43,46 
StillinjjhVet, Bishop of Worcester, 29 
Surplice, (i 

Tanner, Thomas, 43-40 

Tillotson, Archbishop of Canterbury, 

20, 23 
Tully, Dr. Thomas, 20 

Wallis, Dr. John, 44 
Watts, Gilbert, 4; William, 41 
Weymouth, Thomas, 1st Viscount, 5 
Wharton, Thomas, 1st Manjuess, 34 
Wilkins, Bishop of Chester, 11 
William, Prince of Orange, 25, 20, 45 : 

William III., 23. 25-29, 32, 33 
Witney. H' 
Wood, Anthony, 40, 43-40 



York, Duke of, see James 
Anne, Duchess of, 9. 11 
Maria, Duchess of, 13, 
Queen. 25 



14, IS ; 



THE JOURNAL 



OF 



MA JOE RICHARD FERRIER, M.P., 



WHILE TRAVELLING IN FRANCE IN THE YEAH 1087. 



WITH A BRIEF MEMOIR OF HIS LIFE. 



COMPILED BY 



RICHARD F. E. TERRIER 

AND 

JOHN A. II. FERRIER, 



TWO OF HIS LINEAL DESCENDANTS. 



PRINTED FOR THE CAMDEN SOCIETY. 



M.DCCC.XCIV. 



NOTE ON" THE DATE OF THE JOURNEY. 

As Major Ferricr in his Diary gives an account of the statue of 
Louis XIV. set up in 1GSG, the journey cannot have been earlier than 
1687. As it could not have taken place after war had been declared 
between England and France, it cannot have been later than 168S. 
Of the two possible 3"ears, 16S7 is shown to be the right one by the 
date of Monday, March 28th, given at the commencement. 



MEMOIR OF THE LIFE 



OF 



MAJOR RICHARD FERRIER 

MJEYFOH GREAT YARMOUTH IN 1708, 1710, AND 1713. 



Major Riciiakd Ferrier, the author of this interesting journal,* 
a descendant of a family who had for 200 years supplied mayors 
to Norwich and bailiffs to Yarmouth, was the only son and heir 
of Richard Ferrier, Esquire, and Judith, one of the daughters and 
co-heirs of Major Thomas \\ ilde. 1 ' 

The family flourished during the fourteenth and fifteenth cen- 
turies in "West Norfolk, occurring lords of the manors of Grcssen- 
hall, Weudling, and neighbouring villages. About the middle 
of the fifteenth century a younger branch of the family settled in 
Norwich, where they soon became prominent, Richard Ferrier 
having been elected mayor of that important city no less than five 
times in 1473, 1478, 1483, 1493, and 1493. His son Robert was 
elected mayor of Norwich in 1520, and took a prominent part in 
the quelling of Rett's Rebellion, and his son Richard was also 

■ The journal which follows was bequeathed with many other interesting family 
documents to one of the writers of this Memoir by Miss Judith Terrier, of Hemsby, 
a great-great-granddaughter of the author. 

b The Wildes resided at Lowestoft, and were a family of old standing: there. 
Early iu life Major Wilde resided iu Yarmouth, where, says Swindon, he was in 
1G1S appointed Lieutenant of the Horse raised for the defence of the town when 
threatened with an attack by the fleet which joined the Duke of York at the Hague. 
Ilis epitaph says he was " slayn by the Dutch in the defence of bis King and 
country." 



4 MEMOIR OF THE LIFE OF 

elected mayor of that city in 1596. Robert," his son, was the 
first of the family to settle in Yarmouth, and ever since that time 
the family have resided there. 1 ' Ho soon began to take a leading 
part in the troublous times of his day. In conjunction with 
John Carter/ his brother-in-law, lie had been prominent amongst 
those who came forward with voluntary loans of plate and money 
for the payment of the parliamentary soldiers at the beginning 
of the civil war, contributing on that occasion £'20 lis. 8d. in 
plate. He was elected bailiff of Yarmouth in 1613. 

Robert, his eldest son, was for many years an alderman of 
Yarmouth. He married Elizabeth, the second daughter of Sir 
George England, and left one son Benjamin, who married Eliza- 
beth, the heiress of Nathaniel D'Eye of Eye, Esquire, and left one 
son Robert, an attorney-at law, who, on August 21st, 1739, was 
appointed town clerk of Yarmouth, and being chosen mayor in 
17o0 was allowed to carry out the duties of town clerk by deputy ; 
but on the 3rd February, 1753, when probably the political power 

11 '• In 1630 there was an appeal to the Privy Council as to the right of Mary, the 
•wife of Holiert Ferrier, to sit in a pew in Sr. Nicholas Church, Great Yarmouth, 
appropriated to the wives of aldermen. Such were the tritles about which the Lords 
of the Privy Council were at t lie time troubled." (Palmer's Pcrlustratioa of Gri\ at 
Yarmovth.y 

Robert Ferrier by his will, made in 1G48, bequeathed <; To upholding and main- 
taining the Artillery Company in Yarmouth, £10." 

b The following will of Richard Terrier of Thame, near Great Yarmouth, and 
dated in 14, is very carious : — 

" 1 will that my dead body be handsomely trussed up in a black bullock's hide 
and he decently burred in the churchyard of Thnrne at the chancers end there. . . 
lu witness, &c ," " and thus I take my leave of this world Deo Gloria, Ainicis Gratia, 
mild misericordia, Amen. 11. Ferrier." 

c John Carter married Alice, one of the daughters of Richard Ferrier ; their son 
Nathaniel married at Stoke Xcwington, iu L(i7S, Mary, daughter of General Ire ton, 
and granddaughter of the Lord Protector. 

John Carter was appointed bailiff in 1642, and two years afterwards the Earl of 
Manchester, the Parliamentary General, appointed him commander-in-chief of the 
militia of Yarmouth with authority '• to execute martial law upon all offenders and 
delinquents." 



MAJOR RICHARD FERRIER. 5 

of his party had waned, the corporation resolved on a ballot of 
29 to 20 that, unless Air. Ferrier resign his office of alderman, 
he no longer remain towii clerk, and he, refusing to give up that 
office, was dismissed. 

Shortly after his appointment to the town clerkship Avar was 
declared against Spain, and Ives, 8 in his diary, informs us that on 
the 31st October, 1739, Mr. Mayor and a body of gentlemen met 
at the town hall and thence proceeded to the cross, where the town 
clerk (Mv. Robert Ferrier), read the declaration for war against 
Spain with the naked sword, thence to the bridge foot and read the 
declaration, and thence drank success to his Majesty's forces by 
sea and land. 

He possessed considerable landed cstntes in Norfolk and Suffolk, 
and died in 17G8, and was buried in Starston Church, Suffolk, 
where there is a mural monument to his memory. He left one 
son, Robert England Ferrier, of Cuius College, Cambridge, who 
died s. p., and two daughters, Catherine and Elizabeth. Cathe- 
rine married William Blake, Esquire, of Swanton Abbotts. Norfolk, 
who assumed by Royal license in 1837 the arms and surname 
of Jex, and Elizabeth married Robert Purvis, Esquire, of Beccles, 
Suffolk, and left several children, two of whom entered the Royal 
Navy. ' 

Richard, the second son of Robert the Bailiff, in 1013, also 
interested himself greatly in the politics of his day, having been 
for many years an alderman of Yarmouth. He was elected to fill 
the office of Bailiff in 1691, and then had the honour of receiving 
at his house, Dr. Moorc, b Bishop of Norwich, on his primary 
visitation. 

He married, as has been stated, Judith, one of the daughters 

* John Ives, Suffolk Herald Extraordinary, author of the remarks upon the 
Garianonnm of the Romans. 

b The Bishop had previously been waited upon by a deputation of the Corporation, 
who presented his lordship v iili half a tun of wine and desired him to take a bed at 
Mr. Bailiff's. ^Palmer's JPtrlmtrat ion of Gnat Yarmoutli.') 



6 MEMOIR OF THE LIFE OF 

and co-heirs of Major Thomas Wilde, and left one son, Major 
Richard Ferrier, the author, of the following journal. 

Major Richard Ferrier headed what was then known as the 
Jacobite or High Church Party in Yarmouth, and took a great 
interest in the affairs of his native town. At the age of 19 he was 
chosen a common councilman, and shortly after this at the age of 
23 he was elected to fill the aldermanic chair, vacant by the death 
of his uncle John Ferrier, who had played so conspicuous a part 
in the affairs of the town, having been for many years an alderman 
of Yarmouth and Bailiff in 1680, when he had the honour of enter- 
taining the Puke of York, afterwards James II. upon his visiting 
Yarmouth on the 10th March, 1681, in one of the Royal yachts. 

At the very early age of 21 Major Ferrier was for the first 
time elected to till the office of Bailiff, when great exertions 
were made to equip a powerful fleet to counteract the designs 
of France, which threatened an invasion, and Mr. Ferrier, writing 
to his "dear partner," Mr. Godfrey, his co-bailiff, then in town, 
savs : — "The Admiralty have directed the convoy to stay till 
further orders ; 1 suppose on the news of y'- French taking so 
many ships bound to Ostend. Last post came orders to Captain 
Stephens, Commander of y e ' iioebuek,' a pretty frigate of 32 
mms, to attend our directions as Captain Lvall did. T'would 
do well, did you as one of the Bailiffs wait on y c board and 
thank them on behalf of y e Corporation, and pray the continuance 
of their ldsps further favour, perhaps such an address may do us 
more favour than you are aware of, for great men will be courted, 
and 'twere pity, for want of a little smoolh language to lose what 
is of so much importance to o r trade. You had not better carry 
Mr. Fuller (then member for the town) with you. His deport- 
ment is not very pleasing to y c board ; and 'tis thought here he 
has done us great dis-servicc by his carriage to those com- 
missioners (but this inter nos)."* 

In 1695 he married Ellen, one of the daughters and co-heirs of 
a Palmer's continuation of Manshifts History of Great Yarmouth. 



MAJOR RICHARD TERRIER. ( 

Robert Longe," of Rcymerstonc and Spixworth, by Ellen bis fourth 
wife, one of the daughters and co-heirs of Thomas Gurney, Esquire, b 
of West Barsham, "and on his return to the Town for the first 
time after his marriage, the inhabitants made great preparations 
with marks of the utmost honour and respect. A great many flags 
and banners were set out along the quay from the bridge to the 
south fate. The ships in the river had all their colours set the 
whole day and their guns charged to salute him, a great many of 
the inhabitants going out to meet him. Between seven and eight 
in the evening they entered the town, the cavalcade consisting of 
about 300 horse, which marched in good order along the quay 
from the bridge to Major Ferrier's house. After the horse followed 
a considerable number of chaises and chariots, and his own closed 
the procession, which was very fine and gave great satisfaction to 
several thousands of spectators who were assembled to behold it, 
and the ringing of bells, firing of guns, and the loud acclamations 
of the people, sufficiently demonstrated what great and just esteem 
and respect they had for so generous and worthy a gentleman." c 

In 170G he was for the second time elected mayor. In 1708 he 
was returned to Parliament for the borough of Great Yarmouth 
with Colonel the Honourable Roger Townshend, and at the general 
election in 1710 " Captain Ferrier," as he was then called, was 

•Robert Longe of Reymerstoue married four times, and by Elizabeth Lis wife, 
daughter of Sir Francis Bacon, Chief Justice of the King's Bench, was the father of 
Francis Longe, who, through the influence of Major Kuban! IVrrier, who had 
married his half sister, was appointed Recorder of Yarmouth in 1712. The latter 
gentleman married Susannah, daughter and heir of Tobias Frere of Redenhall, ard 
died in 1724. The Longes have for several centuries maintained a good position in 
the county of Norfolk. They are at present represented by Robert Bacon Longe, 
Esquire. 

b The old knightly house of Do Goumey in the main line thus became extinct, 
this lady representing them in right of her mother. According to Mr. Gurney in 
the Record of tin House of Gournay the Gurncys of Noiwich and Kcsw uk descend 
from Francis Gournay, sixth son of Henry Gournay, of "West Barsham, by Ellen 
Blennerhassett, his wife, and John, his grandson, born in 16C5, is stated to have 
settled in Norwich, and became the founder of the present family. 

e Palmer's Prrht strut ion of Great Yarmouth. 



O MEMOIR OF THE LIFE OF 

returned at the head of the poll, having Benjamin England 3 for 
his colleague, the numbers on the poll 1 ' being — 

Ferrier 278 

England 2G9 

Townshcnd e 231 

Ellys d 173 

On this occasion a sum of £1.3 was voted to Mr. Ferrier to buy 
wine " as a token of respect for his services." 

Mr. Palmer tells that Ferrier and England were of the " honest 
Church Party," which meant they were supporters of Dr. Sache- 
verell, then at the height of his ephemeral popularity, and thev were 
returned, said their friends, " notwithstanding the undermining 
tricks usual to the Whigs." The names Ferrier and England were 
inserted in the " true and exact" list of those "'worthy patriots" who 
had remedied the evils of the then late ministry and to their "eternal 
honour " had supported and retrieved the credit of the nation and 

* lie was the tbird son of Sir George England, who was knighted ou the occasion 
of Charles the Second's vi-ic t<> Great Yarmouth in 1671. Major Ferrier was a 
connection of the England* through the marriage of his uncle Robert with Elizabeth, 
the second clang-brer of Sir George England. The Englands played a conspicuous 
part in local politics during the latter part of the seventeenth ami the .beginning of 
the eighteenth centuries. Mr. George Kugland, eldest son of Sir George, represented 
Yarmouth in the six Parliaments 1C79. 168G, 1681, 1690, 109$. 1700, and also in the 
Convention of 1CSS. He was also Recorder of Yarmouth, and his nephew, Major 
Ferrier, writing to his " dear partner" in London, on the 10th of February, lii'Jtf, 
says, "T7e yesterday ended ye Sessions. I begin to abate of my hopes of Mr. 
Recorder's recovery — he seems to decay now sensibly. I pray God restore him to 
us, for we shant be presently aware of y* greatness of our loss should it please God 
to take him from ns." 

b Dec. 10th, 1710. — The Chamberlyos were ordered to pay the charges of the 
booths of the several candidates of the late election of burgesses. 

e Second son of the first Viscouut Townshend. 

ri Lc Neve, amongst his pedigrees of knights, tempore Car. II., gives a pedigree of 
Anthony F.Ilys, of Great Yarmouth. His grandson, Anthony Ellys, married Judith, 
sister of Major Ferrier. Chalmer's Biograj.hie.nl Dictionary contains an interesting 
life of their sou Anthony, who afterwards became Bishop of St. David's. 



MAJOR RICHARD FERRIER. 9 

preserved the Church from being overthrown by fanatics — Mr. 
Terrier's name appearing in eveiy division in favour of the 
Doctor. 

He was returned a third time in 1713, and as a reward for his 
political services was in tin's year made a coasting waiter in the 
port of London, a sinecure place," which was confirmed to him on 
the accession of George I. " with all the profits, perquisites, 
'advantages, and emoluments'* to the same belonging, and was the 
same year appointed a Major b of* the Battalion of Fusileers of 
Militia of Great Yarmouth. Ever anxious for the welfare of his 
town he was mainly instrumental in the building of the Town 
Hall c (then called the New Hall) in 1715, also in the Guildhall 
and Charity School and in obtaining an act for making a cause- 
way between Yarmouth and Caister. 

He took a great interest in church matters, for many years 
acting as one of the churchwardens at the old parish church, d an 
appointment his ancestors had hold on several occasions. He also 
interested himself in obtaining what was then a long-felt desire, 

* This patent, beautifully engrossed on -vellum, with the king's portrait engraved 
and also the major's commissions, are now in the possession of the family. 

b The commission as " Major of the Battalion of Fusileers of Militia of Great 
Yarmouth in 1713 was granted by James, Duke, Marquis and Karl of Ormonde. 
Earl of Ossory and Brecknock, Viscount Thinks, Baron of Arklow. Dingwell, 
Langtheny and Moon: Park, Lord of the Regalities and Liberties of the County 
Palatine of Tipperary, one of Her Majesty's Most Honourable Privy Council, 
Knight of the most noble order of the Garter, Lord Lieutenant General and 
General Governor of Ireland, Lord Lieutenant of the County of Somerset, Lord 
Lieutenant and Gusto- l'otuloriun of the County of Norfolk, Chancellor of the 
Universities of Oxford and Dublin, High Steward of the Cities of Westminster, 
Bristol, and Exeter, Colonel of the 1st Regiment of Foot Guards, Captain Genera] 
and Commander-in-chief of all her Majesty's forces, etc.*' 

c This building was in ltWJO demolished and the preseut town hall erected in its 
place. 

d -Manshi]> in his History ef Yarmouth, referring to St. Nicholas Church, 
says " a gallery was als > constructed across the arch, leading into the chancel- from 
CAMB. SOC. li 



10 MEMOIR OF THE LIFE OF 

namely, a church, or chapel-at-ease, in the south part of the town 
of Great Yarmouth, and it was by his exertions that an act was 
obtained, lie being then one of the town's representatives in 
Parliament." 

The chapel was consecrated by the Bishop of Norwich in 1715, 
and the sermon preached at the consecration by the liev. Barry 
Love 1 ' was printed and dedicated to the " Mayor, Aldermen, and 
Councillors and to Major Richard Ferricr." c 

In 1720 he was for the third time elected mayor. He resided 
in a fine old Jacobean house situate at the south end of the Quay 
erected in the 17th century by Roger Drury, where he gathered 
around him a large circle of literary and other acquaintances. 
Dean Davies during his stay in Yarmouth having been a constant 
visitor at his house. d 

the south trancept ; when this gallery was removed in 1846 it was found to rest 
upon four columns bearing these inscriptions — 

Anno doin. S. Mortimer. 

loOO. R. Ferrier. 

R. Woolhcrase. C. W. 

J. Harris. T. II. B. T. 

* A facsimile in silver gilt of the corporation mace in miniature was presented to 
him as a souvenir of hi> services in connection with this movement. 

b Mr. Love was minister of Yarmouth from 1 GDI to 1722. The Rev. William 
Lyng, father of the Rev. Benjamin Lyng, who married Anne, one of Major 
Ferrier's daughters, succeeded him as lecturer of Yarmouth in 1*»7^. 

c In 1720 Lis nephew, Anthony Ellys, afterwards Bishop of St. David's, was 
appointed minister. 

d The Bean in his Diary makes frequent mention of Richard Ferrier, the bailiff 
in 1691, and his son, Major Richard Ferrier. 

On July 18th, 1080, he says : " I spent this evening with Dr. Ilutson in company 
with Captain Ferrier and Mr. Fuller." 

On Oct. 20th, 1089 : ** I went and waited npon Br. Godfrey, Mr. Ferrier, Captain 
Ferrier, Mr. England, Captain Fuller, and Mr. Bransby, and then came home and 
supped with Lieutenant Ellys and his lady, who presented me with a broad piece of 
gold." 

Feb. ICth, 1691 : "I preached my farewell sermon, after which I waited upon 
Mr. England and the Bailiff, then on Mr. Ferrier, who gave me a broad piece." 

Bee. 22nd, 1001 : '*I dined this day at Alderman I'errier's." 



MAJOR RICHARD FERRIER. 11 

He also enjoyed a considerable estate at Hemsby, Norfolk, 
where lie had a house in which the family partially resided for 
generations. His town house, as •well as that of his son, is depicted 
on Corbridge's map." He died in 1728, aged 57, when he was, 
says Ives, interred in St. Nicholas Church with great pomp and 
splendour, and very much lamented by all who knew him, and 
there is a highly laudatory epitaph to his memory there, as 
follows : — 

" Eich di Ferrier Armigeri 

Hujus Burgi et decoris ft desiderii 

Exundantem Ingenii Font em, morum Snavitatem, 

Et qua: gencrosam ornant ct cohoncstant 

Dicant Familiarics ; 

Eximiam rei politicae pcritiam, 

Regni Comitia ; 

Labores indefessos, et pne cieteris Delicias, 

Solum Xatalc. 

Qua; snscepit mania (et varia certe) 

Grariter explevit, aifabrc expolivit 

Vixit fatis parrhe 

At qnantula est aura popularis 

Quantula gloria fluxa et fragilis 

Vixit ct sibi et suis 

Obiit die quarto Calend X blU 

A f (Etat 57 mo 

Anno -i. 

L Domini 1720 VO " 

But there were those who decried him and by them a free 
translation was circulated, of which the following are some of the 
verses : — 

"Beneath this stone lies Richard Ferrier, Esquire, 
Of this Boro' the ornament and the desire, 
Who in sweetness of manner and generous o'erflowing 
Was in all that belongs to a gentleman. Knowing. 
His acquaintance this vouch — for his politic skill, 
"We refer to his votes on the French Commerce Bill. 
The posts he enjoyed tho' quite varied in kind, 
Could not he more varied than was his own mind. 

» This map, published in 17:?.j, is a south-west prospect of Yarmouth, containing 
views of the public buildings and principal houses then existing. 



12 MEMOIR OF THE LIFE OF 

The mayor— the member — the placeman being proof, 
Till his country cried out he had lived long enough. 
How transient is popular, honour, and glory 
May be learned from the sum of this famous man's story." *■ 

He left one son, Richard, upon whom the following satirical 
poem "was written : — 

" Here lies the body of Richard IT.. 
Whose genius and manner of life being reckoned. 
We all must admit was Daddy's own son, 
As witness my hand, Tom Missenden." '' 

This gentleman had, like his father, served his town politically 
and was elected mayor in 172-1, and it was during his mayoralty 
that Dr. Camil, 1 vector of Brad well, Suffolk, preached his famous 
sermon reflecting upon the conduct of certain gentlemen holding- 
positions of power in the town. This sermon much offended the 
mayor, who called the council together, and then sent for the 
clergymen and severely reprimanded them for allowing Dr. Camil 
to preach such a sermon in the parish church, and ordered them 
to forbid him to enter the pulpit again. Thereupon the doctor 
published his sermon, to prove that it only contained some expres- 
sions against the crying vices of the age. c 

Besides the above-mentioned Richard, Major Ferrier left the 
following daughters •. — Ellen, who married Dr. Gallant,* 1 an eminent 
physician: Judith, who married Joshua Smith, 6 Esquire, of 
Thrigby Hall, Norfolk ; Anne, who married the Rev. Benjamin 
Lyng, rector of St. Lawrence, South Walsham ; Elizabeth, who 

* These verses are. given in Palmer's "Per lust ration of Great Yarmouth." 

b " Tom Missenden was lecturer here, and doubtless an unwarrantable use was 
made of his name." (l'almer's Perlustrativn of Yarmouth?) 

c The late Charles John Palmer, F.S.A., says, " Just fancy the mayor offended 
with the sermon, calling the Council together and reprimanding the clergy for too 
much freedom of speech in the pulpit." 

a This family of Gallant is extinct. 

e This family of Smith is also extinct, their estates and property passed to their 
descend act, Mi*s Lydia Buret, and thence to the Terriers. 



MAJOR RICHARD FERR1ER. 



13 



died unmarried, and Mary, who married Thomas Milles, Esquire, 
of Billockly Hall, whose only child Mary married James Iliddell, 
Esquire, of Caistcr, created a baronet in 1778 by the title of 
Sir George Iliddell, of Ardnamurchan, and left two sons, Sir 
Thomas Milles Iliddell and George James Iiiddell. 

George James Iliddell died in a duel in 1783, aged 24. Sir 
Walter Scott, in his last edition of the " Minstrelsy of the Scottish 
Border/' in reference to the duel, says : "A circumstance more 
painful to the feelings of a father and a man of high sense of 
honour cannot be imagined than that which befel Sir James 
Iliddell, Bart By some accident (the particulars of which I have 
forgotten) he became possessed of a letter which he knew con- 
tained a challenge for his son. If he concealed the letter, his 
son would incur the disgrace of having avoided a duel without 
sufficient cause ; and if he suffered the letter to reach his son 
and lie should fall, his father might be considered accessory to 

his death." 

tl He determined to allow the matter to take its course. The 
son accepted the challenge — went out and received a wound of 
which he died on the following day (the 22nd April, 1783)/' 

There is an engraved portrait of this unfortunate young man, 
Mho was a lieutenant in the second troop of Horse Grenadier 
Guards, under which is an inscription stating that " His conduct 
as an officer and a gentleman was agreeable to the sentiments of 
his corps, and it met with the approbation of his king, who 
expressed the greatest concern and regret at his unfortunate 

fate." a 

"Richard II." married Elizabeth, one of the daughters of 
John Smith, Esquire, of Yarmouth, and died in 1739, aged -14, 
leaving two sous, Richard and Robert, and one daughter Judith, 
who married Captain James Smith, R.N. 

Captain James Smith afterwards married Lady Ward, who, 
Bays Palmer, in his PerJustration of Yarmouth, lived in the 

• The diary of the lute Charles John Palmer. 



14 MEMOIR OF THE LIFE OF MAJOR RICHARD FERRIER. 

household of a Yarmouth butcher. One day the butcher invited 
some friends to dinner, and Mary Fair, for that was her name, 
made ready the table. Ilc-r mistress wanting her found her 
seated at the head of the table dispensing imaginary good things 
to her supposed guests seated round it, all of whom she addressed 
by titles of honour. She, however, could not abandon the idea 
that she should one day really preside at such a table, nor was 
she disappointed, for in 178S John, third Viscotmt Dudley and 
"Ward, fell in love with and married her. 

Richard, the eldest son of " Richard II.," held a commission 
in the army, and died s.p., while his brother Robert was a captain 
in the Royal Navy. Robert, on the death of his brother Richard, 
retired from the navy and went to reside on the family estate at 
Ilemsby, but, unlike his ancestors, took no active part in politics. 
His rrrandson, the late Mr. Richard Ferrier, for many years one 
of the leaders of the Yarmouth lory party, died in 1S68, leaving 
one son and two grandsons, the compilers of this memoir .resident 
in Yarmouth. & 

Great Yarmouth, 

September, 1S03. 

* The arms borne by the family aie, Argent, on a bend sable three borseshoes of 
the first ; crest, a na^VfewiJ erased argent. 



JOUENAL 

OF 

MAJOR RICHARD FERRIER. 



March y c 28th being Monday we left Yarmouth and in y e stage 
'coach rode to London in which City we arrived two dayes after 
where having stayed about a week and furnished ourselves with all 
things necessary for our ensuing voyage we did on y e eighth 
A prill following lake boat for Gravesend just stopping at Eriffa 
small village by y e Thames side, from whence we proceeded up to 
Town. We rested nut long there but forthwith hired horses to 
Suttenborn (where we lodged y* night) passing through a great 
many little country towns before we came to Rochester, which 
lying in our way ought to be mentioned, and also Chattum in which 
river we saw seyerall of His Majesties Men-of-AYar (ships of great 
bigness) at anchor. \\ e also passed by a great many pleascnt 
plantations of cherry trees which in y l part of England are very 
frequent. From thence we did y e day following ride to Canter- 
bury (not meeting anything in any way worth our observation), 
where we lodged at y e King's Head and were treated very civilly ; 
y e first thing we took notice of in y e city was y e Cathedral], y l 
report of which we had heard before our approaching it ; it is a 
very fine building beautified on y° outside with severall small 
turretts, 2 large steeples and a spire, one whereof (it being y* 
which we ascended) is accounted by all to be as high if not 
exceeding y 1 ' Monument of London in height ; at your entrance, 
within with eighteen stately pillars which support y e body of it. 
Passing further we descended some steps into y* French Church, 



16 JOURNAL OF MAJOR RICHARD FERRIER. 

which being under the Quire is upheld with a great many small 
arches, it is somewhat dark, but very large, and contains a vast 
number of people, they being there reputed to be near half y e 
town. Coming from thence at y c west end of y e church we saw 
several! tombs one whereof we took particular notice of, which was 
of Dean Forthesby being covered with black alabaster, and on the 
sides cut all y c bones of man's body. There is another of Nicholas 
AVotton, y c first Archbishop of y e Diocess,* over against them is 
that of Henry the Fourth and his Queen, and hard by them lies 
Edward the Black Prince curiously cut out in brass, with his 
sword by him, at; his feet at leopard, and over his head his coat of 
mail and head peicc. Something lower is the monument of 
Cardinal Pool and abundance more of less note. There arc two 
windows shewing all y e places and stories in scripture most finely 
painted, not far from whence is y c place where St. Thomas' shrine 
stood, nothing in y'' least remaining to be seen but y c stones 
wheron they kneeled, which are very much worn. There is in y e 
Cathedrall 2 Quires, one whereof is not now used, the roof 
of which is of Irish Oak that no vermine may breed in 
it ; the other is no ways curious but adorned like others of v c same 
nature. The City of Canterbury is old and not very lar^e though 
y c circumference of y° walls runns out a great way, there are six 
gates, and on y c south side of y* town a decayed castle stands 
opposite to a high mount which is there cast up. There is but one 
good street running East and \\ est with other small lanes and 
allyes crossing it. There are 17 Parishes all of which are small & 
to one or two of y m not above 12 persons resort. Ir is situated 
very pleasently at y e bottom of a valley & and has delicate gardens 
& greens to walk on which are delightfull. Aprill v e eleventh in 
y e morning we came forward for Dover riding for y c most part 
over hills and vales, y c way being also very stony ; after having 
taken up our lodgins we visited y c Castle, which east of y e town is 

1 Wotton was the first dean. 



JOURNAL OF MAJOR RICHARD FERRIER. 17 

seated on y e Clifts, from whence we could easily perceive those of 
Callicc. It is strong having much cannon and being guarded with 

O O O CD 

a exceeding thick wall on all sides onely y f which y e sea defends 
up which y e hills being so steep is no ascent. Y e square Castle is 
full of decayed old roomes, which we passed through but were afraid 
lest by y e giving way of y p rotten planchers we should have (alien 
to y e bottom; there is a small chamber where at y° King's being in 
those parts he used to lay, it is cut out of y c main wall & is fourteen 
foot & a half in thickness ; y c leads wherewith y° Castle is covered are 
very thick Sc on one side near y e walls we saw y e King's foot cut 
out. In ye Court there is an old Church which w" a garrison kept 
there was frequented but is since run to ruin, there are y e remains 
of a great many fine tombs w rh now can just be seen to have been 
such. The Cannon y* Queen Elizabeth gave to be placed there is 
twenty-four foot long & is ever since in remembrance of her called 
Iter pocket pistol. The Town is small standing just by y c sea, they 
have a very good harbour which dos flow 15 foot at } - e nape tides. 
There is very strange fish taken on y L ' beach, y R body like an ele, a 
long beak & a broad tail, & on y e stones y rt lyes there there 
dos grow a very pleasant flower called Coles which they eat with 
their boil'd meat, y L top whereof tasts like speragrass &, y c bottom 
like collyfiower. Aprill y c 13 ,h we came from Dover at 8 of y e 
clock in y fc morning in y c packet boat towards Calais, which having 
a fair wind we ran in five hours & an half, but could not by reason 
of y c lowness of y e water cither goe into harbour with our ship or 
goe ashore at seaside with y e boat. \Ve got as near y e shore as we 
could, which was about a bow shott from whence we were bv men 
who wctt themselves on purpose carryed & sett on land. We 
walked into town & took up our lodginsaf y e Golden Lyon, a house 
standing close to y e market. \Ve stayed there two days & y u hired 
horses for Dunkirk, the way thither lying by y c seaside. We 
passed through a great many villages before we came to Graveling, 
which being a place of good importance ought not to be passed 
through without some observation. It is garded with a double 
CAUD. SOC. C 



lo JOURNAL OF MAJOIi RICHARD FERRIES. 

mote & double wall, very strong gates, k draw bridges, we 

going over them -were taking by y e soldiers k cfirryed before y L ' 
.Mayor, who giving us leave to pass we were no more stopped till 
we came to Dunkirk, where riding over six bridges we were 
hindered from proceeding any further till we had told our names 
& of what country we were, which having done we came into 
Town. It is surrounded with a treble wall & six motes onelv on 
y c side towards y e harbour which to admiration d<>s flow twenty- 
five foot, y e peers running into sea near half a mile ; at y e end of 
y m stands a very strong castle called y c Ricebanck, which is well 
fortified & wherein is continually a good garrison of soldiers. 
Afterwards demanding leave of y c Governor we went into y c 
cittadle, which in circumference is bigger y u y e town itself & is 
very much stronger it being defended with a high wall & 
rampierd, & just within that a broad mote which is filled or 
emptied by y u sea according to pleasure, & next such strange 
fortifications y* as one would think they were impossible to be 
taken so they are impossible to be described. From thence 
Ave walked to see y c dock y e King of France is making 
to lay his men of war in. It is cut out of a very hi^h hill 
on y e west side of the River. There are continually a great 
number of soldiers at work in it they having for their labour 3 d . a 
day, their ordinary pay being so small y* without some addition to 
it they could never subsist. Dunkirk itself is handsome y e streets 
being large & y c houses high ; but y e noblest part of y" town is 
y c place whereon they exercise y c soldiers, which is a square that 
can contain above 1,000 men placed in order. "We staved there 
but just so long as to take a view of its fortifications & other 
curiosities, which was one night, & so returned back to Calais. 
We there took up our old lodgins, it being not far from y e 
Messenger's & a eivill house. The town is very full of inhabitants 
though they be for y e most part very poor; it is surrounded with 
a double wall & rampiers & very strong gates which are always 
garded with musqucters. 



JOURNAL OF MAJOR RICHARD FERRIER. 19 

Aprill y e 28 t!l Ave took horse for Paris, being fourteen in com- 
pany, not meeting any tiling considerable (onely a small Castle 
standing about half a league from y e town which seemed rather a 
pallace y n a fortified place) till our comming to Bulloign, which is 
a small walled town seated on a hill, below which is y e Basyillc, 
which is neither defended by walls nor strengthened with ammuni- 
tion, where we lodged that night & y c next day, by five of y e clock 
went forward & dined at Montroil," a place situated like y e former. 
There runs through each of y m a harbour with a strong stream, 
and in y e last is a fine small church adorned with all things y* can 
make it pleasent or delight full to y e sight. We brought night 
with us, from thence to Barny, 1 ' a small village where we stayed 
that night, and y e morning following rode to Abbeville (which 
is accounted y e half of y e way between Paris & Calais), ft is 
a town seated like all great ones in France in a valley, there are 
in it several! fine churches w ch being beautified with spires dos 
at your approaching it when on y° hills give a very pleasent 
prospect. We were there at y c time of y e fair & so saw what 
there chief merchandise consisted of — namely, flax, hemp, sheep, 
horses, mules, & such like, & pistols also which are there made 
& sold in great quantities, it being a place for that sort of work 
y e most remarquable in France. We laved y* night at Poix, a 
small village, & y e next day dined at Beauvois, where is nothing 
considerable but y e Cathedrall which is nowise beneath y* in 
Canterbury but in y e smallness of it, it being set forth with 
monuments, stately pillars of brass & marble, fine paintings 
& carved work. From thence we rode & rested at Tilliard, & 
betimes y e morning following went to Beaumont, a cleanly town 
situated by a River's side, with severall small churches & old 
buildings. We that evening got to Paris, y e way being paved 
with stones & y e rain y l then fell hindring us from riding fast. 
We could not see y e city till we were in y* subburbs it standing 
at y c back of severall very high hills. We lodged in La Piue 

• Montrenil. b Benmy. 



20 JOURNAL OF MAJOR RICHARD FERRIER. 

Truanderie from whence we went to take a view of its curiosities. 
Y e first thin<r we took notice of waa y e kind's statue which is 
called La Yictoire seated all most by y fi Louvre in a large square 
built round with houses of stone of a great height ; it stands on 
a pedestall sixteen or eighteen foot high, of marble. Y e image 
is gyant like wearing y e cloathes he had on at his Coronation ; his 
posture is upright with a reed in his hand treading on a lyon 
& an angel behind him in token of Immortality crowning him 
with laurels. There are at y e corners of y e Pedestall 4 skives 
signifying y c 4 seasons of y c year sitting on old armour being 
chained to it with gold chaincs ; it is round about full of his titles. 
Just under his feet is written : Yiro immortali a Augustus, toto 
jam nullis hostibus orbe Paccm agit ; armato Lodoix pacem 
imperat orbi. 

Something lower is written : 

Ludovieo magno patri cxereituum [etj duetori semper felici. 

Domitis hostibus, protectis sociis, adject is imperio fortissimis 
populis, extructis ad tutelam finium firmissimis arcibus, oceano 
& mediterraneo inter se junctis, predari vetitis toto mari piratis, 
emendatis legibus, dclata Calviniana impietate, compulsis ad revc- 
rentiam nomin[is], gentibus [r]emotissimis cunctisque summa 
providentia & virtute domi iorisque eompositis. Franciscus vice- 
comes D'Aubusson dux de la fuillade ex Francice paribus & Tribunis 
equituin, unus, in Allebrogibus, prorex <!t prretoraniorum peditum 
prefeetus ad memoriam posteritatus sempitcrnam. P.D.C. 

Sa ferniite en ses douleurs rasseura ses peuples desolcs au mois 
de Kovcmbre 1G8G. 

II avoit sur Pied 240,000 homines d'lnfanterie, et C.0,000 
chevaux sans les troupes de ses amies navales lorsquil donna la 
paix a l'Europo en Tan 1678. 

* The inscriptions are given, with an engraving of the monument itself, in 
" Description da Monument erige a la gloire du Boy," par M. le Mareschal Due 
de la Feuillade, a Paris, par Sebastieu Mabre-Crainois, Imi>rimeurs dn !\<>y et 
Directeur de Imprimeric Koyale, MDOLXXXYI. Corrections on the text made 
from this book are placed in square brackets. 



JOURNAL OF MAJOR RICHARD TERRIER. 21 

This is written on y e front. On y e right side is — 

Seqnanicam [Cesar gemmo]* vix vineere gente Mense valet 
Lodoix ter quinta luce subegit. 1 ' Hie laaclnm cumulus Ludovico* 
vindice vietrix Kcligio et Pulsus male partis sedibus error. d II a 
basti plus dc cent eglises quils ont de Revenues considerables, ct il 
a ctnbli l'entretien de quatre cens jcuncs damoiselles dans la 
magnifique maison de S* Cyr. 

Deux cent & dix places, fortes, cittadelles. portcs & liavres 
fortifiez & revestus depnis 1681 jusqua 1G84, J 40,000 homines de 
pied 30,000 chevaux payez par mois asseurent ses front teres. 

Behind him is ; — • 

Indocilis quondam [potiori eederc] e Gallos Ponit Iber tumidos 
fastus et cedere discit f A Louis lc Grand le pere & conducteur 
des Armees, avoir vaineu ses eunemis, protege ses Allies, adjoustes 
do trcs puissants ? peuples a son empire, asseure les frontieres par les 
places impreghables, joint 1 'ocean a la mediterranec, chasse les 
pirates de toutes les mors, rcformc les loix, detrui 1'lieresie, porte 
par la bruit de son horn les nations les plus eloignees a le h venir 
reverer des extremites de la terre & regie parfaictement toutes 
choses audedans ct an dehors par la Grandeur de son courage & de 
son genie. 

Le nombre de G0,0( : matelots enroles dont 20,000 sont 
employe/, a son service, & les 40,000 autrcs au commerce de ses 
sujets marquez la Grandeur & bon ordre de sa marine. 11 a basti 
un superbe & vaste edifice pour les orficiers & soldats que l'age Sc 
les blessures rendent incapables de servir k il a attache 500,0001. 
de rente. 

* C;usar peniino. — MS. 

b Referring to ' ; La derniere oourjueto dc la Franche Comtc, 1C74." 

* Lndovicc. - MS. 

* Referring to " L'bx-resic dctruite, lGSo." 
e "Potere inderc." — MS. 

f Referring t<> " La prestmce de la Fiance Reconnne par 1'Espngne, 1CG2.' 
k Puissante. — MS. 
h La.— MS. 



22 JOURNAL OF MAJOR RICHARD TERRIER. 

On his left hand is, 

Granicuni Macedo, Rhenum secat agmine Gallus. Quisquis 
facta voles conferre & flumina conferre" Impia, quae licuit licgum b 
componerc nulli Prcolia, voee tua, Lodoix, composta quicscunt, c 
Apres avoir fait dutiles reglements pour le conimerce & reforme* 
lcs abus dc la justice il donna un grand exemple d'equite en 
jugeant centre ses propres interests en faveur des habitants de 
Paris dans un affaire de plusieurs milliers. 

Six mille jeunes Gentilshommes separez par compagnies gardent 
ses cittadelles, il on rempli les officiers de ses troupes et leur 
education & est digne de leur naissancc. 

The whole is mighty stately & magnificent, it was made by Mr. 
do Feuilladc a gentleman of y e city. There was a young noble- 
man in y e King's presence not long since who speaking to y e 
Duke de Feuillard among other discours brought out this verse — 

Fcnillard par bleu sc croy que tu nous heme, 
l'our metfcrc le SoleU entre quatrc lanternea. 

Its said y e King smiled to hear him ; y e English of it is, 
Feuillard by bleu I belieue you laugh at us, to put v e sun 
between four lanterns. There being at 4 corners of v e square 
4 lanterns which are to give light in v e night time to 
y c guard which is continually there kept. We walked after 
haying taken a full view of y c statue to y e Goblins, y e place 
where are all sorts of artificers at work for y e King, there is 
doubtless y c finest tapestry y 4 eyes can look on, it being made of 
silver silk & gold, & so naturally done y* no painting whatsoever 
can represent both men women & all sorts of creatures more 
lively y n they are there exprest. There is a gallery y* is going to 
Versailles which is made of a certain stone every inch whereof is 
worth a great deal more y u gold, it is of a white & grayish 
colour. There is also a man that is making a table of stone, he 

* Referring to " Le Passaic da Khin. 1G72." 

b Kcgum lieuit in MS. 

c Referring to " Les Duels Abulia." 



JOURNAL OF MAJOB RICHARD FERBIEB. 23 

has been about it these 3 years & has not yet finished it, it is full 
of birds and beasts (onely at y e corners where are to be y c King's 
arraes). It is not painted, but stone inlaid so artificially y* in 
ones judgment there is nothing wanting to set it forth. We being 
so near would not neglect seeing y e observatoir where lives y e 
chief Astrologer of y c city ; it is a square house built of stone of 
an indifferent height standing on a hill. He has made severall 
engines w ch we saw but could understand none ofy ra ; there is a 
burning glass of so strange a force y* it would melt a copper 
farthing in a moment & burnes all things y* comes near it if set 
in y c sun. And also in y e side of y° hill he has built a small room ; 
it is square, & if you put your mouth into any of y c corners & 
another pat his into any of y° others & whispers never so easily 
you shall understand him very plain, when standing at his back 
you shall not hear \ c least noise. 

As for fine' buildings in y c city, they are innumerable : y e 
chief we took notice were y e pallaco otherwise v e Foeuvre. 
y e pallaec of Luxenbourg, y e pallace of Monsieur y e Kings 
Brother, 11 & y e Jnvalieles. The Lceuvre is a very stately 
building of stone & so large y* it makes a small town of 
itself, though y e back part of it be not finished neither doe anv 
supj)ose it will by this King's days, he taking no delight in y e 
City. On the west side is y e garden of ye Tuilleres, which is 
accounted one of y e finest in Europe, there being so many fair 
gravel walks & fountains, so fine a grove and a theater on which 
heretofore they used to act, y* y c like arc rarely seen. The 
walks arc so made y* at y e end ofy m , which is near a mile, 
you see either a tower or a large 1 portal of y* part of y c 
l'ceuvre y l fronts hit*) the Garden, which is very noble. Next y e 
Lauivrc comes ye Pallace of Luxembourg, which dos also front 
into a garden larger y" that of y e Tuilleres, though it comes near 
it in nothing but y c walkes, which are both long and beautiful 1 ; v c 
house is very large & is built exactly uniform, which adorns it 
* The Duke of Oilcans. 



24 JOURNAL OF MAJOR RICHARD FERRIER. 

very much. After y* y e pallace of Monsieur y c King's Brother 3 is 
a very fine building, though neither y* nor y c Garden y 1 belongs to 
it he near either of y c former in bigness, there are continually a 
great number of people walking in those walks every night because 
when it once begins to be dark they are not so easily permitted 
into y e former. The Invalides is an edifice worth y c noting, y e 
King has lately built it for those soldiers of his y* either age or 
wounds has made uncapable of serving hiin. It is a building of all 
y c Hospitals in France, I daresay even in Europe, y° most noble, it 
seeming to be rather y e pallace of a great Prince v 11 what it really 
is. There is in it at present 2,000 soldiers, every one of whom has 
his bed by himself, and is served every flesh-day with a quarter of 
pound of meat both noon & night, every fish day with four eggs 
at each meal, a pint of wine, & for bread they have a pound for 
two days. They are kept in very good order, being governed by 
officers y* are in y c same condition with themselves. They keep a 
good guard there, being continually six hundred in amies. These 
are y e chiefest rarities we made remarque of in y c city : nothino- 
now remains but a slight description of y e whole city & those 
curiosities which are to be seen without. The City of Paris is of a 
great liigness, though, in all our opinions, when we viewed it from 
one of their steeples it came not near London bv a third. It. is 
roundish & in y e largest place is not a league from one side to 
another. It is adorned with abundance of fine pallaces there being 
scarce a nobleman but has his house in y e City. There is several 1 
indifferent good streets which would show a great deal better were 
they adorned as those in London with handsome shops,, but there 
you shall scarcely see any but seems rather to be a Cooler's hole v n 
of any trade, & pittifull signs to set y m forth, they counting it a 
very noble one if it cost 1 b or twenty livers. There are severall 
fine Churches but y* which they bragg of so much is that of Xotre 
Dame which was built by y* English. 1 * Those they have newly 

» The Palais Royal. *> This is untrue. 



JOURNAL OF MAJOR RTCIIARD FERRIER. 25 

built seem on y e outside like dovehouses, though they he very fine 
within. Y e Chief are y c Grand Jesuits, y c Val de Grace & y c 
Carmelites de chausse, 8 in which is Madame la Valiere who is 
turned Nun. The River Sein y* runns between y e city & 
subburbs is not very broad or extraordinary deep, it is worth y c 
seeing, to see what huge flat-bottom boats they make use of to 
carry their marchandise up & down y c river, there being some of 
ym yt w jjj eon tnin six or seven hundred tunns & whose 
rudders are four or five & twenty foot long. There is several! 
fine bridges over it. New Bridge is y* whereon is con- 
stantly y e greatest concourse of people, it being about y° 
heart of y° city, y c River dos there divide itself: in y c middle of it 
stands y c late King on horsback, and on y e end next y e City is a 
fountain casting up water, with our Saviour and y e Samaritan 
Woman standing by it. The houses through y e whole city are 
of a great height being some seven, some 8, & some nine stages 
high; but there .being very few together of y e same height it 
shows but badly. 

As for those curiosities which we made note of out of the town, 
we visited one after another, namely Versailles, St. Clue, b & y c 
tresor at Saint Denys. 

First we went to Versailles, where a mile before our approaching 
y e town we had a prospect of y e pallace, it looking down into y e 
main rode at your going up to it you pass through two very large 
courts y e least whereof is near a furlong square where you have a 
view of as fine a building as one can possibly make, it being built 
of stone & set forth with a great number of turrets & lanterns 
which, being guilded, dos almost da/.le your eyes to look up. As 
you proceed ascending some steps you pass into a garden where 
before you, down a large gravel walk, you see a fair small River 
which y c King has there cut to take his pleasure on, there being 
severall yotts, one whereof was brought from England by land, a 

» Descbaussces. b St. Cloud. 

CAMD. SOC. D 



26 JOURNAL OF MAJOIt RICHARD FERRIER. 

galley royal! & severall other boats for his attendants. On y Q 
right & left hands are two groves wherein are all manner of birds 
which do there fly up & down & sing very melodiously. There is 

through the whole garden, which is of a vast bigness, such curious 
water works, as horses, cows, toads, & such like, casting up water 
out of their noses, eares, mouths, k eyes, as is very strange, & in 
yt grove on y e left hand you see all Esops Fables, namely all y c 
birds beasts & other creatures spitting water one at another. 
There are also y e finest images of marble y* can be seen, & so well 
done y* you can hardly perswade yourself v' they are dumb statues. 
After having walked about y e garden & viewed y e vast number of 
strange flowers & plants that were there, we went into y* Pallace, 
where we had y e honour to see y e King, Monsieur, & y e Dauphi- 
ness at dinner with abundance of y e nobility standing round y c 
table. Y e Dauphin was that day gone a hunting y e wolf, a sport 
lie takes great delight in, though not long after we saw him at 
Paris by y e place of Yietoire. The dinner y e King had was but 
ordinary, there being a dish of soupe, some chickens & a quarter 
of lamb, of all which he made no scruple to cat though on a Friday. 
Before our entrance into y e Chamber we had a caution given us 
by one of y e company to take care of our pocketts, though y e same 
person, before he stir'd out of y L ' chamber, had six or seven guineas 
& a louis do'r taken out of his. From thence we walked to y e 
Minagerie, where are all y f strange creatures y e King has. We 
saw there a muscovite cat, a leopard, a red & white fox, a bird 
y* has neither wings nor feathers but a kind of hair all over his 
body, severall ostriches, ^ce&e and ducks of all sorts, & colours, 
& y l we took for y e greatest raritie were y e pelicians, they have 
their body about y 1 ' bigness of a goose, their neck & leggs being 
short, a long bill with a fleshy matter hanging on it, they did, 
contrary to our expectation, take y e water as freely as any other 
birds. After having took notice of y ,u all we went back to the 
Pallace where (y e King being y e next day to part for Luxembourg) 
we had a sight of his mules, who being laden were just then a going 



JOURNAL OF MAJOR RICHARD FERRIER. 27 

away, they are stately beasts & all of y e same height & colour. 
But to return to y c Castle as tis called, it is a saying of y e French 
that after having seen Versailles there remains nothing worth y e 
seeing in France, and certainly nothing can by art be made more 
noble, but it is almost impossible for a person y l never saw it to 
judge of y e greatness of y e work, y c greatest fault that can be 
found with it, is in its situation, which is extraordinary bad, it 
being in y e summer time nothing but dust, & in y e winter but 
dirt. The noblemeifs houses y' are round about it are verv high 
& well built, they are all of stone & being new do show mighty 
well. There is a latin verse on a pillar w cU we took great notice 
of, y e words I have forgot but y° sence I'me sure in English is 
thus : 

This was heretofore a chaos but at y e word of Louis y c fourteenth 
all these things appeared. 

The next curiosity we saw was y e Palla.ce of Monsieur y e King's 
Brother at Saint Clue, a small town about 2 leagues from Paris, it 
is counted by all that see it, for pleasure to exceed Versailles, and 
onely by reason of its situation, it being seated on a hill of a creat 
height from whence you have a full prospect of y c City. On v e 
side of y° hill there being so many delicate medows, at y e bottom 
y e garden & at y fi back of y l y Rivet Sein, which is y' : great 
cause of its being so continually clean y c water draining into v e 
River. Y e house is very fine within, but not anyways beautiful! 
without, y e greatest satisfaction v l is hereto be taken is in seeing 
y e gardens, & y e walks, which are so shaded in summer y l tis 
impossible for sun or rain anyways to molest you, they are not 
gravePd but are nevertheless very hard there being men always 
beating y m . It is set forth throughout with all things y* can 
please either sight or smell, for y c smell with flowers Sc lor y e sight 
with both Images and Fountains not much inferior to those at 
Verseilles. 

After y* we visited y e Thresor at St. Denys which is kept by 
Benedictine Friars in y 1 ' Church. There are a great many relieks, 



28 JOURNAL OF MAJOR RICHARD FERRIER. 

which being garnished with all manner of precious stones, silver, 
and gold, are of* inestimable value. First in a great Cross of Gold 
enricht with pearlcs and jewels there is a piece of y c true cross on 
which Our Saviour was crucified, there is a thorn of his Crown, a 
piece of y e sponge & some of v c water & blood y* came out of His 
side, one of the nails wherewith He was nailed, & one of y c pitchers 
wherein was y e water He changed into wine, one of the lanterns 
y* was with Judas when ho betrayed Him, all full of stones and 
pearles. There is alsoy* sword of Joan of Arc, y e head of St. Denys 
which he brought with him from y e Suburbs of Paris under his arm 
after it was cut of, set in gold & so many other relicks as teeth, 
pieces of y e sculls of their Saints &■ such like as would fili y' book 
to describe \ m . After we had seen y m ail we went down into y e 
Church where all y e Kings Queens and Princes of France are 
emtombed. We took notice of nothing there y* was curious y e 
monuments being raised frora y c ground with y e Portraitures of 
those who were enterred under y 1 " very plainly cut. At our return 
from thence into y e City we met with a great procession of Priests 
who carried y e thigh of Saint Honore w dl the Pope had sent 
thither, it cost a hundred thousand livers, it delivers all women 
from their pains when they pray to it, & dos many more miracles 
which 1 have now forgotten. After having seen it pass we returned 
to our lodgins, where we stayed some small time till we had taken 
places in y e coach & did on y e eleventh of May proceed towards 
Lyons, y 8 first day dining at Meloin, a a small village not having 
anything in it worth y e noting. From thence we rode to Pont, 1 ' 
where we stayed that night. \Ve passed not through any towns of 
importance till our coming to Sens, which is but small consisting 
but of one good street, though it be an xlrchbishop's seat. We 
that forenoon dined at Arse c and so rode to Ancillafranck,' 1 we 

• Melrfn; 

b Pont-snr-Yonne. 

c Arces. 

d Aricv-le-Fraric. St. Florentor lies between Arces and Ancv-le-Franc. 



JOURNAL OF MAJOR RICHARD FERRIER. 29 

lodged there and v c morning following went to Florentine' 1 & so 
direct on to Dijon, which is a large town & of indifferent trade, Sc 
wherein is y p Parliament kept for y e Province of Burgogne. 
We from thence rode to Chalon ; '' y c coach going no further 
we there took water for Macon, where laying we did, on Sunday 
y e -fifteenth of May, arrive at Lyons. We had a very pleasant 
journey & good weather, y° way is very smooth we going for 
y e most part over plains, some of which are ten leagues over. 
Y c Provence of Burgogne, being heretofore a Sovereigniv of 
Itself, there is scarce a town, though never so small, but is walled, 
though now they fall to decay, being no wise looked after. 
Besides y* Provence we came through part of Madmoisclles e 
country, which is called Doinbe, y c People, there acknowledging 
no other Prince y u her, & v e Lawyers doing all tilings in her 
name. We passed by Trevoux, a small walled town in her 
Provence ; it is' at present y e only soveraing place in France : it 
stands by y e side of y c Soanc. It goes to nothing now every- 
day there being few or no houses in it. At our arrival! at Lyons 
we took up our Iodgins at y c Golden Tunn y* being near y e heart 
of y c City. The first place we visited was y e Jesuits Colledge 
in y e Court, whereof we saw all manner of Pictures so excellently 
well drawn y* all France cannot show y e like. They shew us 
their Library, which is large^ there is above ten thousand books 
of all sorts both historical!, philosophical! & sacred & vet they 
are going to enlarge it. \\ e saw y c Holy Scripture trans- 
lated ten or twelve severall waves by their Fathers & Saints. 
Some time after we went to S l John's Church, 11 which is 
very fine, adorned like others of y e same nature with Crosses, 
Pictures ec such like ; but y c chief rarity that is here to be seen 
is y e clock. I shall say no great matter of it but refer you to y e 

* This seems to be a mistake. 

b Chalon-sor-Saone. 

c La Grande Mademoiselle, daughter of Gaston, Duke of Orleans. 

d The Cathedral. 



30 JOURNAL OF MAJOR RICHARD FERRIER. 

description I have of it, which I do assure you is both full & true. 
From thence we went to the Hospitall where are all manner of 
sick & aged persons who knowing no ways to help themselves are 
taken in here. It is a handsome building, but not like y c Charity, 
which being near also visited. It is of a great circumference & 
being of stone seems like some lord's habitation y n y c dwelling of 
inferme persons. It dos contain a vast number of people of all 
ages & conditions, there are at least two thousand bastards which 
are put out to nurse at its charge & almost as many y 1 are 
continually there who, as they grow up, do work, some of whom 
twister, others net, &c. We saw there several! protestant women 
who are coop't up into a little yard & are fed with nothing but 
bread & water. We would fain have gone into their yard to have 
talk't w ,h them, but demanding leave were answered y* it was 
not permitted to any to goe to them. We ascending some steps 
went into their corn chamber, we seeing it large measured it & 
found it an hundred and fifty paces long & twenty five broad. 
It was full of wheat from one end to y e other, there is GO ryemen 
to turn it every day, they eat very good victualls of all sorts & 
drink nothing but Ptisanne which an Apothecary (whom they 
there- maintain) dos make. There number mav be guest if y u 
consider y € quantity of bread they eat, there being baked every 
week six hundred loafs weighing six pounds a piece. The next 
& greatest rarity & which was really worth y c going from Paris 
thither to see, is 3I r . Cervierc's Cabinet, a Gentleman of v c City, 
Curiosities y 1 he himself has made since twenty years, he is about 
four score years old y e greatest part of which time he has spent in 
y e King of France his service, but his decaying age as he told us 
he thought he could better spend in employing it yn idly. There 
arc so many strange things y* tis impossible to relate y e hundred 
part of them, y e first lie shew, & which he made since he began to 
be lame was a chair which running on wheels can by a scrue be 
guided by those y* set in it with y c greatest ease imaginable either 
backwards or forwards as they please, after he shew us perpetual! 



JOURNAL OF MAJOR RICHARD FERR1ER. 31 

motion contrived several] ways, one whereof is by an hour glass 
which standing before a great box dos when y c sand is run from 
y c upper into y c under glass turn of itself & on y c front of v e box 
one after another appears all y e houres of y e day very exact & 
when once set true never fails — y e other are wyers placed round 
on which you put a ball which being at y e bottom is by an 
engine cast up again & .so goes continually. He has a clock 
which stands on an instrument lie has made of thin dale & 
tapring round down y* height of two foot it goes from the 
top to y e bottom once a week at y e term of which time 
it is removed up again ; it is made so artificially that if 
it be set on an even table or stool it goes not at all but on 
its own instrument, never stops till it be taken of. There are 
all sorts of engines for fortification and battery made very 
ingeniously, there is a bridge ) -t lias neither pillars to support or 
nails to hold it together & yet is very strong t£ handsome. There 
is another he made for y e King when he had Mars in Flanders 
built on a boat to be drawn w th wheels when on places where little 
water, it is to be doubled up for y e more convenience. He has for 
those that understand y e Mathematieks all manner of curiosities ; 
he has turned xevy fine things on Ivory, to say plainly there is 
hardly any thing- y* is curious to be named but you find it there. 
He is almost blind & yet he takes y c greatest delight imaginable in 
showing y m not to every person but to those y* look any way civil] 
he makes no scruple at all. 

At our being at Lyons we one day took boat for Neuve Yille a 
a small town about two leagues from y e City, to see y e Arch- 
bishop's house ; it stands by y' water side very pleasentlv. 33s an 
old Castle though no ways fortified, there is on y c backside a park 
of at least three leagues about & for all its great circumference it 
is walled round with a very high wall. There are in it abundance 
of deer of y e largest size. He is a great lover of hunting & to y* 

• KeuTille-sur-Suoiip. 



32 JOURNAL OF MAJOR RICHARD FE BRIER. 

end lie keeps a stable with a great many good horses & a hundred 
& fifty hounds y c finest that ever I saw, some of y in are as high as 
any ordinary greyhound. AVe saw him as lie was walking in his 
garden after dinner, he is a little old man cloathed like y c meanest 
Paisant of all ; every thing he had on, if at a mart, I dare say 
would not have sold at ten shillings; he is about 80 years old & is 
also much troubled with y e gout & yet he is one of those that 
follow y e stagg y c closest, & for y e most part is nearest him at his 
death. The garden is small but there are in it fine walks covered 
overhead so thick with roses & sucklings y* at your being under 
y m besides y e pleasant smell they give, they hinder the sunn from 
troubling you. There are both fountains & images but there beino- 
nothing extraordinary in y" 1 shall pass them by. At y e end of one 
of y e walks there is a Banqueting house, which is painted in- 
differently well, but there is a small black table of stone which did 
deceive us all there being a pack of cards so curiously well inlaid 
in y e stone y* we offered to take them up & when we saw how it 
was Ave could the least ditrerence between them & reall ones. 
After having taken a view of all y* Ave thought anyway curious Ave 
returned to Lyons, Avhere we saAv on y e Feste Dieu which was y e 
day after y e great procession which is constantly every year made 
on y 1 Feast; first there went four or five thousand men, each one 
carrying a lamp in his hand, next Avent y e Priests in their surplices 
singing as they passed', two of y e last of them cast Incense before 
y e host which after Avas carried by a Priest under a Canopy 
supported by four more ; after them Avent almost as many men 
as there Avere before ; it shew very finely & y' which added to its 
setting forth Avere y° streets, which were hung A; adorned with 
Altars ifc Crucifixes. 

The City of Lyons is large & a place of extraordinary great 
trade, they having some privileges beyond any other city in France ; 
it is seated on two rivers y e Soan & y e lihosne, OAer each of which 
is a fair stone bridge, the Avails run out a great way beyond y p 
houses, the}- are not strengthened by ammunition but are very 



JOURNAL OF MAJOR RICHARD FERRIER. 33 

strong as built on a perfect rock. From Lyons y c twenty-fifth 
May avc came forwards Rohan" dining at La breele, b a small town 
of little note, we laved y 1 night at Terrara such a place as y e 
former & y e next morning got to S f cefarioir 4 & so to Roan, where 
we took water, it is a pretty town having y c River* coming up to 
the walls ; it being extrecm bad weather at our being there, we had 
not y c opportunity of seeing it. We took boat the twenty-seventh 
of May about 9 of y e clock in y e morning & y 4 night something 
late £ot to Digofn, from whence betimes v- morning following we 
went towards Decisc' where Ave arrived about ten of y c clock, & so 
saw nothing of y e town, which nevertheless Ave perceived to be but 
small. Y e next day avc came to la Charite, a small Availed toAvn 
with a bridge cross y° River supported with sixteen or 18 arches, 
from thence y e forenoon after avc got Nevers, 8 * which being y e half 
of y e way & a pretty place we stopped an hour to dine. There 
they make all maimer of glass toyes as snufF boxes & y e stones of 
rings, some of which are donne so well as seem to be reall. That 
night Ave stayed at Gene, 1 ' between which place and Chatteauneuf 
where Ave lodged y e night; after avc took notice of Saucer, 1 a Availed 
town about half a league from y* River seated on a high hill which 
Charles y c Fifth" besieged with an army of fifty thousand men for 
y c space of six weeks and at last was forced shamefully to raise 
his siege. We intended to go that day for Orleans but y e wind 
blowing something harder then ordinary & our boatmen not being 
accustomed to such Aveather avc laved six leagues short; but, y e 
wind appeasing y° next morning, avc soon got to town ; Ave stayed 
there three or four days to see it, it is indifferent large & very 
clean with good streets & well built houses, though y e churches 
that be there be no ways fine. There are several handsome Walks 

* Hoanne. b L'Arhresle. c Tarare. 

' St. Simphorien. e The Loire. f Deeize. 

B This is another mistake, Severs lying between Dccize and La Charite. 
k Gien. 

1 Saneerre really lies between La Charite and Gien. 
CAAID. SOC. E 



34 JOURNAL OF MAJOR RICHARD FERRIER. 

one whereof, which is a decayed Mell, being set thick -with trees, 
is mightily frequented especially at or about midnight, at which 
time all y e young persons of y e town are without fail there. There 
is a fair bridge over y c River at one end whereof is placed y e 
statue of Joan of Arc la pucell D'orleans with our Saviour on her 
lap, two warriors playing by her & behind her a cross crowned 
with laurells. Every year, on a certain day, all y c soldiers of 
y e town are in amies to preserve her memory. The second June 
about nine of y, e clock we took boat for Blois, where we arrived 
before sunset ; we stayed there two or three days to see its rarities 
"which we expected to have been a great many more y n we found 
them to be, it being a town next after Paris, as much spoken of 
as any in France, but contrariwise did find it a small place with 
scarce one good house & not one good street in it. The reason of 
its being so much resorted to is y° pleasentness of its situation, 
there being on y e other side y c water very fine plains & two 
large forests y' are full of deer. Behind it abundance of curious 
walks, some of which are near two miles Long". 

June y e 4 th we came to Amboise, a small town on y e River, there 
is nothing extraordinary but y e Castle, which dos also now fall to 
decay every day, it is of a good bigness & could be made very 
strong, it being built en y c side of a hill, but it being in an inland 
town it is not regarded. In y c chappell y* is in it hangs those 
famous buck's horns we had heard so much discourse of in our 
travelling. We took great notice of them, they being eleven foot 
and a half long and eight over. There is also a bone that came 
out of his neck which ordinarily is not above 6 inches about, ec is 
there above three foot. There are also 4 of his ribs which are two 
yards and a half long, lie was nine hundred years old at his 
taken, and tis three hundred since. From thence we took boat for 
Tours, not remarking anything in our way but y e chappell of Xotre 
Dame de bon desire, where are "wrought miracles every day at 
Tours. We took up our quarters at S ( Louis, where we staid two 
davs to see y e town. It is about ve bigness of Orleans but seated 



JOURNAL OF MAJOR RICHARD FERRIER. 35 

on a plain where as y c other is seated on a hill, there are in it 
pleasent streets running from one end to y e other and several} high 
spires especially two on y c Cathedral! which adorns the Town. 

June y e Sixth we came to Saumnr where we were set ashore at 
y e famous Chappie of Notre Dame des Ardiliers, who is there wor- 
shipped & who dos work a great many more miracles y" ever our 
Saviour did in curing all sorts of distempers. The image is small 
& of stone holding her son on her lap with one of his armes hanging 
down. They say it was sent from God, no one knowing its origin* 
The Chappie it stands in is very tine there being constantlv a great 
concourse of Pilgrims from all parts who come to pay their devo- 
tions to Our Lady, there being Mass said night & day. AVe from 
thence went into town, where staying two days we took notice of it 
but saw nothing rare in it, y e houses being old, no handsome streets 
& y e circumference of y e whole not great. 

June y c Eight we came to Angers, which is a fine Town set forth 
with large streets, well built houses So neat curious Churches, but 
is since this last persecution very much depopulated. Our stay 
there was but short being willing to be at Nantes where we arrived 
y e 10th about four o'clock in y c afternoon ; we were all of us tired 
with being in y e boat so long & so were resolved to rest ourselves 
there some days, in which time had leisure to view v e whole town 
whieh is indifferent large, high houses & a good kev for their ships, 
it stands about 30 miles from y* sea & is y c last town of note on y* 
River Loire ; this River runns up into countrey very near two 
hundred leagues; y e greatest, fault there is is its want of water ; 
there being above Nantes bridge not four foot water & in some 
places not two, yet something lower y u y c town, ships of good burther 
ride at anchor ; there are at least twelve or fourteen bridges over 
this River, y e most considerable whereof is y* at Orleans, which is 
supported by three or four and twenty arches. 

June ye lath we took horse for Rennes dining at a small village 
called Lout de Lois, which consisted not of above three or four 
houses, one of whieh being an Inn received all passengers y* o-oe 



3G JOURNAL OF MAJOR "RICHARD FERRIER. 

y* way, there being no other town near. That night Ave layed at 
Deervall a a little villnge from whence y e next morning we got to 
Bien, 1 ' where dining we got into Rennes betimes ; we stayed there 
some short time to see it, but took notice of nothing extraordinary 
but y c Paliaoe ; which is a very fine piece containing severall 
large Roomes especially that where y e Parliament sitts, which 
is both painted and hung with curious Tapestry of Silk, y e 
other roomes are for y e most part cieled with wanscot carved. 
The Parliament which used constantly to be here for v e 
Provence of Bretagne is now removed to Vannes, a town of 
less rcmarque. From Rennes we took horse towards Cain ; 
passing to Sautager c (where we dined). We were forced to 
goe through a very dangerous forest which though small there 
are a great many people loose their lives in it. There were not 
above a week or 8 days before our being there severall men taken 
out & condemned. We layed that night at Montnnall d & next 
morning took in our way some small observation of .Mount St. 
Michell, a rock so called. It is about a musquett sliott from y e 
shore & has a fair Chappie built on it, wherein are kept thirty 
fryars ; there are abundance of Pillgrims goe thither from all 
parts. We soon got to Avranche, where dining we rode to Pont 
farci. "We layed there, y e day following we stopped at Blanche 
maison, from whence by five of v e clock we crot to Caen. We lodged 
there four or five nights finding it very pleasant. The town is 
seated in a large valley having on y e south side meadows with 
such fine walks as when out of y c walks you seem rather to be in 
y e Country then near so great a place. It is large, beautified with 
good Streets, well built houses & stately spires. There are ten 
Parish Churches besides i8 Convents, which have every one their 
Chappel. Y c most remarqueable is y e Abbay of S* Stephen, which 
is kept by Benedictines, it is of a great bigness, in y e heart of it 

4 Derval. b Bain-de-Bretagne. 

c Can this be St. Alibin ? d Montanel. 

' 1'ont Farcy, on the Yire. 



JOURNAL OF MAJOR RICHARD FERRIER. 37 

stands y e monument of William y e Conquerour covered w th a black 
marble stone about eight foot long, at each end arc his coat of 
Amies & on y c sides arc written : 

Hoc Sepulehrrmi invictissimi juxta & a clementissimi Conques- 
toris Gulielmi, clum vixeret, 1 ' Ano-lorum lieiris, JSTormanorum, 
Cenomarumqiic c Principis, hujus insignis Abbatiae pissimi d 
fundatoris. Cum A.i>. 1562 e vesano lueretieorum furore direp- 
tum fuisset ; pio tandem nobilium ejusdem Abbatize Religiosorum 
gratitudinis sensu in tarn Beneficium/ Largitorem instauratum 
fuit, a.d. 1612. Domino Joanne de Baiihnchc acceterij 8 proto- 
priore. h 

On y e other side : 

Qui rexit rigidos Normanos atquc Britannos 

Audacter vicit, fortitcr obtinu.it, 
Et Cerromanenses virtute eocrcuit enses 

Imperijquc sui legibus applicant. 
Eex magnus parva jacet Gulielmus in urna 

Suflicit & magno parva Domus Domino 
Tcr septem gradibus so volverat atque duobus 

Yirginis in grcmio Phoebus ' . . hie obijt. 

We lodged at the Royall PJace, which is a fine square, in y e 
middle whereof stands y c King's statue of white marble and on y e 
pedestall are written a great many of his deeds, which being of y L ' 

» " Juxta et " is emitted in the- inscription as given by Hippcan, L' Abbaye de Saint 
Etienne de Caen, Caen, ISSo. 

b Yiveret, Hippenn. 

c Coenonianornmqne, lb. 

d Piissimi, lb. 

e Anno, lh. 

f Bcneficnni, lb. 

£ Asceterii, lb. 

b Hippeau adds tbat tbc following was added according to a MS. published by 
Boucl and M. Bordcau, but omitted by Ducarel : — " Per Mathamm de la Dangie dc 
Bench!, Doctorem et celerarinm hujus Abatise, D.D." 

1 "et" is omitted after Phoebus. 



38 JOURNAL OF MAJOR RICBAUD FERRJEE. 

same nature with those on y e place of Yictoire at Paris, I .shall 
omit them. Their harbour is not worth y e naming, it seeming- to 
be liker a Dike y" a receipt for ships. 

From Caen, June y e 21 Ave came for Rouen, dining at Pont 
Eveque. a We got to Pont can do mcr, 1 ' where laying we the 
next day arrived by 3 of y e clock in y e Afternoon in y c City. We 
stayed some small time there to see it, but found it, though bigger, 
neither so handsome nor so pleasent a place as Caen, y e houses 
being old and y e streets very narrow. It is a town of great trade, 
being full of shops from one end to y e other. There is a fine key 
which on that side dos show very well, y e Churches are fair, so is 
y c Pallace, which is great help to y e adorning of y c Town. 

June y e 25th we came from thence to Diepe where (being desirous 
to get something more then we had in y c French languidge) we 
stayed a moneth, at y e end of which time we went to board about 3 
leagues in y e Country for as much longer, which being also expired 
we returned to town, in order to our passing through Flanders & 
Holland. It is a place of good bigness, there is in it 2 parishes & 
4 or 5 good streets, the chief whereof & which is not much inferior 
to any I have seen in France, is y e Grand Rue, noty* the buildings 
are any way sumpteous, but that they are of an even height, and 
extraordinary streight. August y e 25th we took horse for St. 
Omcr, dining at Eu, a small walled town about half a league from 
y e sea. There is in h ye house of Mademoisell y c King's Aunt/ 
which is without gardens. It fronts into y e coast and has pleasent 
walks on either side it. She was not there that day, being gone to 
a farm of hers about three miles from thence. We laid at Abbey - 
ville & y e morning following got wet through to y* skin to Edin, d 
a place which has heretofore been a frontier & so is of good strength. 
We were carried before y e Mayor, who was very civill & seemed to 
be mighty angry that y e Guards, after having declared ourselves to 

* Pont l'lEvcqae. b Pont Aiulcmer. 

c The Kiris's first cousin. a Kesdin. 



JOURNAL OF MAJOR RICHARD FERRIER. 



39 



be English, should offer to stop us. \Ve could not get that night 
to St. Om'er, wherefore took up our lodging at Fruges, from whence 
y e next day got soon to town. The first thing we visited was y e 
English Jesuits Collodge, which is now rebuilding, the greatest part 
of it being about 3 years since burnt to the ground, it will be very 
fine when finished but as yet can sec little of it. 



40 JOURNAL OF MAJOR RICHARD FERRIER. 



£'s. d. 
April G. For a Coat ... 1 15 6 

For a Sword ... 1 

„ S. For my passage to 

Graresend ... 2 

For liorse hire to 
Sittenborn ... 5 

,, 9. For charges at 

Sittenborn ... 2 4 

For horse hire to 
Canterbury ... 4 8 

„ 10. For charges at 

Canterbury ... 7 G 

„ 11. For hors hire to 

Dover ... ... 4 3 

„ 12. For charges at Dover 7 
For passage to 

Callice 8 

For carriage of 
cloaths and boat 2 







\ ' 



\y' 



\ , 



\ 



% 



JOURNAL OF MAJOR RICHARD FERRIER. 41 

£ s. (1. 



April 13. Received of 


Mr. 








Hays*... 




20 








„ 16. Received of 


Mr. 








Hays ... 




55 










75 












71 










4 













Ls. 


sous. 


% ' " 


■ ' 


April 13. For landing 







13 




; r 


., 1-1. For money paid 


at 










Custom House 


... 


2 









For charges 


at 










Callice... 


... 


1 


1G 






„ 15. For charges 


at 










Dunkirk 


... 


o 


18 






For charges 


at 










Manlike 







12 






For washing 




1 









„ 1C. Fur charges 


at 










Callice ... 




2 


7 






„ 17. For charges 


at 










Callice... 


... 


1 


17 






„ 18. For hors hire 


to 










Dunkirk 




4 


10 






For hors hire 


to 










Paris ... 




30 









For portage 


of 




s 






hardcs to Paris 




1 


18 






For sealing y c port- 










mantles 







5 






For Father A than 


ase 





10 






For charges at Cal 


ais 


o 


10 






,. 23. For y f Messenger 




1 


14 






For charges on 


y 










road 




2 









For portage hardes 










to lodging 







3 






,. 24. For y c barber 







4 






For charges 


at 










Marqnise 


... 





9 






For a whip 







13 






,, 2G. For charges 


at 










l'Image St. Jaqoey 


3 









For change 


of 










Flanders money 







13 






For Sisors and 










Flute ... 


... 





12 






., 27. For a Cravat String 


1 


10 







* The amounts in France are in livres and sous. 
CAMD. SOC. F 



42 



JOURNAL OF MAJOR RICHARD FERRIER. 



Ls. sous. 



April 25. Rest due other 

siile ... ... 4 

Received of Mrs. 

Couteulx ...210 

May 10. Received of Ditto 

Messieurs ...120 



334 
141 



192 



17 



April 28. For housekeeping... 
For my coat 
„ 30. For mending my 
shoes ... 
For houskeeping ... 
May 1. For a letter 

For dinner abroad... 

„ 2. For hois hire to 

t Versailes ^ ... 

For charges there... 

,. • 3. For "coach hire to 

Bois Vinceut and 

charges... ... 3 

„ 4. For coach hire to 
St. Denys and 
charges... ... 3 

„ 5. For boat hire to and 

from St. Clou 

For charges there... 

„ 6. For y c ' Chirurgeon... 

For charges and 

coach hire to y e 

incurables 

„ 7. For seeing y° opera 

For washing 
,, 11. For charges at Paris 1 
For washing my 
hose 
For our chambers . . . 
For seeing y c 
comedy... 
„ 12. For expenses at 
Paris ... 
For supper given 
Mr. Cox & Coy on 
coming from Paris 3 



Ls. 


sous 


2 


10 


G8 








9 


24 








10 


1 





4 


6 


1 


10 



16 






8 


3 


14 


2 





3 





1 


10 


1 


10 


11 








18 


10 





1 


10 


3 






141 



JOURNAL OF MAJOR RICHARD FERRIER. 43 

Ls. sous. Ls. sous. 

Rett due p' other side ...192 17 May 12. For Coachirc to 

140 3 Lyons ... ... 75 

For portage of 
hardes to couch ... 12 
For portage of 
hardes to Lyons... 2 12 
For expenses at 

Paris 1 10 

,. 15. For y c Coachman... 1 
For carriage of 
hardes to Lodgings 3 
For boat hire up y c 
River ... ... 15 

For spent on y e 
road ... ... 3 

„ 17. For paid at Post- 
house ... ... 4 

„ „ For mending my 

cloaths 8 

„ 18. For y e Clock S* 

Johu 12 

F , or a writing book S 
For seeing Mr. 
Cuvier's Cabinet... 1 10 
For charges at 
Lyons ... ... 7 

., 20. For boathire to and 

from N. Ville ... 15 

For charges there... 2 

., 21. For washing ... I 

For seeing y e 2 

hospitalls ... 1 12 

For mending my 

sword ... ... 1 

„ 23. For charges at 

Lyons ... ... 9 

For a letter ... 10 

For clou thing y c 

boy 3 12 

for expenses at 
Lyons ... ... 2 

June 1. For charges from 

Ljon to Orleans... 24 

140 3 



44 JOURNAL OF MAJOR RICHARD FERRIER. 

Ls. sous. L s . sous. 

Jane 2. P,c?t due p' other June 1. To a pay' shoes ... 3 

side ... ...51 14 „ 2. For wash in- ... 1-1 

Keceived of Mr. Fortfpay'glores... 1 

Geunebaml ...48 „ 3. For a knife ... ? 



99 14 
42 8 



For an iukhorn ... G 
For charges at 
Orleans ... 7 10 

57 G For hoath ire to 

Bloys ... ... 1 (i 

„ 4. For charges at 

Bloys ... ... 6 10 

For boathire to 
Tours ... ... 1 

„ „ For carriage of 

cloaths... ... 4 

„ G. l\»r charges there... 4 5 
For boathire to 
Amboisc 
„ 7. For charges there... 3 
For seeing y c homes 
„ 8. For charges at M. 
Turro ... 
For boathire to 
Saurnur 
I\jr charges there... 
„ 9. For boathire to 
Angers... 
For charges there... 
10. To boathire to 

jS'antes... ... 1 

For carriage of 

things ... 
For y e barber 
For washing 
For mending my 

coat 
For mending my 
shoes ... 



1 





3 








3 


2 


13 


1 





3 


5 


1 





2 






. 


4 


. 


4 


. 


10 





15 





Q 


42 


8 



JOURNAL OF MAJOR RICHARD FEBRIER. 



45 



Ls. 
June 10th. Rest p' other side 57 
Received of Mr. 
Devonnc Lucas ... GO 
,, 20. Received of Mr. 

Mimtel... ... 92 

July 27. Received of ditto 

Miimel ... 30 



sous 




239 
110 



12S 11 



June 14. Por charges at 
Nantes... 
For horshire to 
Rcnnes... 
Tor portage of 
cloaths... 
Por given Messen- 
ger 
,, 10. Por charges at 
Rennes... 
Por a false scabbard 
„ 17 Por horshire to Caen 
Por given Messen- 
ger 
,, „ Por given Servants 
from Lyons to 
Caen 
For expenses from 
Lyons to Caen ... 
Por a pay r Shoes ... 
Por our male 
,. 20. Por charges at Caen 
Por j* Dog 
Por horshire to 
Rouen ... 
„ 23. For charges there 
, 24. Por horshire to 
Diepe ... 
For charges at 
Diepe ... 
27. For horshire to 
Lunary 
For Ivory toys 
For Franeiou 
For letters from 
Merseillc 
2$. For a letter 



Ls. 

12 

11 



10 



10 


5 


15 










10 





10 




110 15 



46 JOURNAL OF MAJOR RICHARD TERRIER. 

Rent due p' other side 



Ls. 


sous. 










Ls. 


sous. 


128 


11 


June 


28. 


For washing 




1 





55 


4 


„ 


30. 


For a Sundial 




1 


10 






July 


1. 


For eharges 


at 












73 


7 






Diepe ... 


... 


7 
1 


10 
10 






;> 


4. 


For Don Quixot ... 










For a letter 







G 










For y c Barber 







•1 










For eharges 


at 














Diepe ... 




3 


5 










For mending 


my 














cloaths . . . 







10 






?: 


7. 


For charges 
Diepe ... 


at 


5 


10 






?) 


8. 


For washing 
hose 


my 





12 










For a pay* gloves... 


I 









5) 


11. 


For charges 
Diepe ... 
For a caue 


at 


5 
1 



5 








11. 
15. 


For charges 

Diepe ... 
For y c bobins 
For a letter 
For a letter 
Fur washing 
For mending 

shoes ... 


at 
Bay 


i 
7 



1 




10 

3 
G' 
3 

S 






>» 


19. 


For charges 
Diepe ... 


at 


7 













For y* cane hea 


ds... 


3 









»? 


20. 


For toys sent Sister 


1 


1G 










For a letter 


... 





G 










For y* barber 







4 




55 


i 



JOURNAL OF MAJOR RICHARD FERR1ER. 47 

July 





Ls. 


sons. 


Rest dne as p' 


other 




side ... 


... 73 


7 


.tig. 24. To a liver miscast up 1 


(l 


Received of 


Mr. 




Minull ... 


... 50 







124 


7 




. 62 


1ft 




CI 


S 



An- 







La. 


sons. 


20 


. To washing 





10 


22 


. To a p r garters ... 





7 


23 


, For charges at 








Diepe ... 


G 


6 




To horshire to 








Lunary... 


1 


10 


27. 


To clear at Diepe... 


4 


10 




For given servants 





15 




P d & spent while at 








Diepe ... 


G 







For portage of hardes 








to Lunary 





10 


C. 


For charges at Diepe 


G 







For a map of France 


1 


10 




For y e Place da Vic- 








toire 





2 




For y e king's picture 





1 




For my sword mend- 








ing & for a new 








scabbard 


1 


10 


7. 


For paper 





4 




For pens and ink ... 





2 


»j 


For needles and 








thread ... 





2 




For Reveille matin 





12 




For my shoes mending 





12 




For portage of y e 








Dictionary 





3 


24. 


For board in y e 








country... 


25 







For bringing hardes 








to Diepe 








25. 


For a pay r shoes ... 
For charges at 


3 







Diepe ... 


2 


15 




For y* Tailour 





S 



G2 



48 JOURNAL OF MAJOR RICHARD TERRIER. 

Ls. sous. G. st. 

Rest due p' other side ...Til 8 Aug. 25. For greasing my 

29 9 boats ... ... G 

„ 28. For horshire and 
charges from 
Dieppe to S* Oir.er 25 10 
For my hat ... 3 10 

For a letter ... 3 



By 31 livers 19 sol? 
French is gilders 
Received of Col Brown 



25 


ll a 


60 





85 


11 


G4 


■1 


21 


7 









29 


9 








G. 


St. 


28. 


For charges at 


S 1 








Omer ... 




2 







For boathire 


to 








Dunkirk 







14 


29. 


For charges 


at 








Dunkirk 




1 


15 




For boathire 


to 








Fnrsne ... 


... 








30. 


For charges there 
For waggonhire 


to 


1 


5 




Ostend... 







15 




For charges there 







10 


31. 


For boathire 


to 








Bruges... 







15 




For charges there 




1 


11 




For portage 


of 








har-des thither 


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1. Letters and Tapers of John Shillingford, Mayor of Exeter, A.D. 1417 
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Valuable as throwing light on the practical -working of onr institutions and 
the administration of the law in the reign of Henry VI. 



THE CAMDEN SOCIETY. 3 

2. The Fortescue Papers, principally consisting of letters on State 

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Full of notices of English Musicians connected with the Chapel, and of 
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A storehouse of curious facts relating to the period of the Civil War. 

b and 9. Letters addressed from London to Sir Joseph Williamson 
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Eull of news from the Court of Charles II. 

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Eull of curious details on the household and ecclesiastical furniture of a 
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4 THE CAMDEN SOCIETY. 

11 and 20. Wriothesley's Chronicle of English Affairs from the .accession 
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Contains particulars not in other chronicles of the period. The Editor has 
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12. Documents relating to the Quarrel between the Earl of Manchester 

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Gives information about the proceedings of Manchester and Cromwell from 
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13. Autobiography of Lady Halket, in the reigns of Charles I. and 

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The subject is a pious lady of the days of the Commonwealth and the 
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15. Letters of Dean Pridcanx. Edited by E. Maunde Thompson, Esq. 5*. 

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16. Milton's Common Place Book. Edited by A. J. HORWOOD, Esq. m 2s. 6d. 

It is unnecessary to point ont the interest of Milton's notes and jottings on a 
variety of subjects, political, social, moral, and literary. 

17. Historical Collections of a London Citizen in the Fifteenth Century. 
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Printed from a MS. Tlie poem is a very graphic original account of 
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of Edward IV. 's reign. 

18. Papers relating to the Life of AYilliam Prynne, with the Fragment of 

a Biographical Preface by the late J. BlilCE, Ksq. * Edited by S. K. Gardin JK, Esq. 
LL.l). Director. [>f. 



THE CAMDEN SOCIETY. 5 

29. Christ Church Letters relating to the Priory of Christ Church, 

Canterbury. Edited by J. B. SHEPPABD, Esq. 5.9. 

Mostly of tlia fifteenth century, and some of political importance, relating to 
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21. Harpsfield's Treatise of the Pretended Divorce between Henry 
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22 and 23. Correspondence of the Family of Ilatton, 1(301 — 170-1. Edited 
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Fnll of news and possip. May be taken as a fair sample of the correspondence 
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28. Three Fifteenth Century Chronicles. Edited by James GrAJRDNEB, 

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20. The Puritan Visitation of the University of Oxford. Edited by 
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30. Catholicon Anglicum. Edited by Sidney J. Hekhtage, Esq. 10s. 

,"-..■ A mediaeval Latin glossary of great interest from a philological point of 
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Four Letters of the Earl of Strafford, and a Poem on his illness. Edited by S. R. 
. ■ GaRDINEE, Esq. LL.D. Director. Memoir by Madame de Motteville on the Life 

of Henrietta Maria. Edited by M. G. Uaxotau.x. Papers relating to the Delin- 
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O THE CAMDEN SOCIETY. 

Thompson to bis brother Henry Thompson, of Escrick, afterwards M.P. for York. 
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Monmouth. Edited by Sir George Duckett, Bart Correspondence of the 
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39. Proceedings in the Star Chamber and Court of High Commission 

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Supplementary to correspondence printed in Evelyn's Diary, with matter 
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41. Custumals of Battle Abbey, temp. Edward L, from a Manuscript in 
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Throws light on the tenure of land and manorial customs in the thirteenth 
century. 

42 and 44. Bishop Pococke's Travels in England in 1750, &c. Two Vols. 
Edited by James J. Cartwright, Esq. M.A. Treasurer of the Society, a 1. 

43. Monastic Visitations in the Diocese of Norwich. Edited by the 
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These visitations show the state of monastic life in the diocese of Norwich 
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45. Papers relating to the Impeachment of the Duke of Buckingham in 
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THE CAMDEN SOCIETY. 7 

Issues for 1889-90. 

46. Memoirs relating to Lord Torrington. Edited by John Knox 

Laugh ton, Esq. M A. E.N. S.f. 

Illustrative of naval affairs in the end of the seventeenth and beginning of 
the eighteenth century. 

47. Essex Papers, A r ol. I. Edited by Osmund Aibt, Esq. 12s. 

Contains new matter relating to the Court of Charles IE and to the govern- 
ment of Ireland in his reign. 



Issues for 1890-1. 

48. Visitations of the Collegiate Church of Southwell. Edited bv 
A. F. Leach, Esq. B*. 

A set of visitations different in character from those in No. 43, and most 
important to a complete study of clerical life in pre-Ecfornmtion times. 

49. The Clarke MSS. Vol. I. Edited by C. H. Fir.TH, Esq. 12s. 

More important for the life of Cromwell than any book published since the 
well-known work of Carlvle. 



Issues for 1891-2. 

50. Nicholas Tapers, Vol. II. See No. 40. 12s. 

51. Accounts of the Obedienliars of Abingdon Abbey. Edited bv 
R. E. G. Kibe, Esq. 10*. 

Issue, for 1892-3. 

52. Wardrobe Accounts of Henry Earl of Derby (afterwards Henry IV.). 

Edited by Miss Toulmin SMITH, with tbe co-operation of the Historical Society 
of East Prussia. 



Issue for 1893-4. 

53. The Camden Miscellany, Vol. IX., containing: — 

1. Wentworth Tapers. Edited by C. II. FlBTH, Esq. 2. Addenda to the Hamilton 
Papers. Edited bj S. K. Gardiner, Esq. LL.D. 3. "The Sponsells ? ' of the 
Princess Mary, daughter of Henry VIE, to Charles Prince of Castile. Edited by 
. James Gaibdneb, Esq. i. A Collection of Woodcnts illustrating rare ballad 
broadsides in the time of the Stuarts. Edited by the Rev. J. W. EB6W0BTH. 
o. Terrier's Journal of a Tour in Trance, A.l). 1G87. Edited by TuciJABD T. E. 
Terkjer, Esq. 



THE CAMDEN SOCIETY. 
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Suggested Volumes. 

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by the Lev. W. Sparrow Simpson, D.D., F.S.A. 

2. Barnngton Correspondence, from MSS. in the British Museum. 

3. Henry jElsing's Notes of Proceedings in the House of Lords during the Parliament of 
1G28, from the original MSS. iu the possession of Colonel Carcw, of Crowcombe Court, 
Somerset. To he edited by S. 1?. Gardiner, Esq. LL.D. Director. 

4. Selections from the Despatches of Al rise Valaresso, Venetian Ambassador in England 

in the years 1623 and 1621. To be translated and edited bj S. B. Gardiner, "Esq. 
LL.D. Director. 

5. Unpublished Papers relating to English Poman Catholics at the end of the reign of 
Elizabeth. To be edited by T. G. LAW, Esq. 

G. Narrative of Political Events, 17GD — 17G7, by the Duke of Newcastle. To be edited 
hy Miss Mary Batesos. 

7. A Life of Bishop Crewe. To be edited by Andrew Clark, Esq. M.A. 



the camden society. 9 

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Volumes having no prices attached to them are out of print, 

1. Historic of the Arrival] of Edward IV. in England (1-171). Edited 

by J. Bruce. 

2. Kynge Johan. A Play in two Parts. By John Pale. Edited by 
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3. Alliterative Poem on Deposition of Richard II. : Ricardi Madiston 

de Concordia iuter Hie. II. cl Civitatem London. Edited by T. WEIGHT. 

I. Plumpton Correspondence. Letters written in the reigns of Edward 
IV., Richard III., Henry VII., and Henry VIII. Edited by T. StaYleton. 

5. Anecdotes and Traditions, illustrative of Early English History and 
Literature. Edited by W. J. Thoms. 

6. The Political Songs of England, from the reign of John to Edward II. 

Edited and translated by T. Wrigiii. 

7. Annals of the. first Four Years of the Beign of Queen Elizabeth, by 

Sir J. Hay ward. Edited by J. Bruce. 

8. Ecclesiastical Documents: viz. — 1. A brief History of the Bishopriek 

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9. Speculi Britannia? Pars: an historical and geographical Description 
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10. A Chronicle of the First Thirteen Years of the reign of Edward IV., 
by John Warkworth, D.D. Edited by J. O. IIalliwell. 

II. Kemp's Nine Daies Wonder, performed in a Daunce from London 
to Norwich. Edited by Rev. A. DTCE. 3*. Gd. 

12. The Egcrton Papers. Temp. Elizabeth and James I. Edited by 
J. P. Collier. 

13. Chronica Jocelini dc Brakelonda, de rebus gestis Samsonis Abbatis 
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14. Narratives of the Contests in Ireland in 1611 and 1690. Edited by 
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15. The Chronicle of William dc Rishanger, of the Barons' Wars, and 

the Miracles of Simon de Montfort. Edited by J. O. IIALLIWELL. 

1G. The Latin Poems commonly attributed to Walter Mapes. Edited 
by T. Weight. 



10 TEIE CAMDEN SOCIETY. 

17. The Second Book of the Travels of Nicander Kudus, of Corcyra. 

Edited by Kev. J. A. CttAMBK. 2s. Gd. 

18. Three Early English Metrical Romances. Edited by J. Robson. 3s. 

19. The Private Diary of Dr. John Dec, and the Catalogue of his 
Library of Manuscripts. Edited by J. O. Halliwell. 2s. Gd. 

20. An Apology for Lollard Doctrines, attributed to Wieliffe. Edited 
by J. H. Todd. . 

21. Rutland Papers. Original Documents illustrative of the Courts and 
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22. The Diary of Dr. Thomas Cartwright, Bishop of Chester, from 

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2s. Gd. 

23. Original Letters of Eminent Literary Men of the Sixteenth, Seven- 
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24. A contemporary Narrative of the Proceedings against Dame Alice 
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Edited by T. Wright. 2s. Gd. 

25. 54, and 80. Promptorium Parvulorum sive Clericorum, Lexicon Anglo- 
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Episcopi, Northfolciensi, a.d. circa 1440. Edited by A. Way. Part E 5*., Part 11.5.?., 
Part III. out of print. 

26. Three Chapters of Letters relating to the Suppression of Monasteries. 
Edited by T. Wright. 

27. Correspondence of Robert Dudley, Earl of Lcyccster, 1585 and 
I58G. Edited by J. Bruce. 4s. 

28. The French Chronicle of London. Depuis Tan 44 Hen. III. jusqu'a 
l'au 17 Edw. 111. Edited by G. J. Anngiet 2s. Gd. 

29. Three Boohs of Polvdore Vergil's English History, comprising the 
Beigus of Henry VI., Edward IV., and Richard III. Edited by Sir II. Ellis. :>s Gd 

30. The Thornton Romances. The Early English Metrical Romances 
of Perceval, Isumbras, Eglamonr, and Degravant. Edited by J. U. Halliwell 
3s. Gd. 

31. Verney Papers. Notes of Proceedings in the Long Parliament, 
temp. Charles I. Edited by J. Bruce. 3*. 

32. The Autobiography of Sir John Bramston, K.B , of Skreens, in 

the Hundred of Chelmsford. Printed from the MS. of T. W. BRAMSTOX. os. Gd. 



THE CAMDEN SOCIETY. 11 

33. Letters from James, Earl of Perth, Lord Chancellor of Scotland, Sec, 
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W. Jeedax. 2s. Gd. 

34. De Antiquis Legibus Liber. Cronica Maiorum et Vicecomitum 
Londoniarum, 117S to 1274. By T. Stapleton. Price it. 

35. The Chronicle of Calais, in the reigns of Henry VIL and Henry VIII. , 
to 1540. Edited by J. G. Xichols. 2*. Gd. 

36. Tolydore Vergil's English History, prior to the Norman Conquest. 
Edited by Sir II. Ellis, 3s. 6£ 

37. A Relation, or rather a True Acoount, of the Isle of England, about 

1500. Translated from the Italian by Charlotte AUGUSTA Sxeyd. 2a-. Gd. 

38. Documents relative to the Foundation and Antiquities of the Colle- 
giate Church of Middleham, Co. York, and notices of the Castle and Town. Edited by 
Kev. W. Atthill. 2.v. Gd. 

39. The Camden Miscellany. Vol. I. : — 

1. Register and Chronicle of the Abbey of Abereomvay. Edited by Sir II. Ellis. 
2. Chronicle of the Rebellion in Lincoln>hire, 1470. Edited by J. G. iSichols. 
B. Ball of Pope Innocent VIII., on the Marriage of Henry VII. with Elisabeth of 
York. Commnnicircd by J. P. Collier. 4. Journal of the Siege of Rouen, 
1691. Bv Sir T. Coningsby. Edited by J. G. Nichols. 5. Eetter from George 
Fleetwood to his Father, giving an account of the Battle of Lutzen. Edited by 
Sir P. dc Malpas Grey Egerton, Bart. G. Diary of Dr. Edward Lake. Archdeacon 
and Prebendary of Exeter, kc, in 1077 and 1G78. Edited by G. P. ELLIOTT. 3s. 

40. A Commentary of the Services and Charges of William Lord Grey 
of Wilton, by bis sou Arthur Lord Grey of Wilton. Edited by Sir P. DC Malpas 
Gkky Lgertok, Bart. 3?. 

41. Diary of Walter Yonge, Justice of the Peace, and M.P. for Honi- 

ton. 1604 to 1026. Edited by G. ROBERTS, 3s. 

42. The Diary of Henry Machyn, Citizen and Merchant Taylor of 
London, from 1550 to 1563. Edited by J. G. Nichols, is. 

43. The Visitation of the County of Huntingdon under the authority of 
William Camden, Clarenceux Kiug of Arms, 1613. Edited by Sir II. Ellis. 3s. Gd. 

44. The Obituary of Richard Smyth, Secondary of the Poultry Compter, 

London. 1027 to 1G74. Edited by Sir II. Ellis. 3s. 

45. Certaine Considerations upon the Government of England. By Sir 
Roger Twysden, Kt. and Bart. Edited by J. M. Kemble. 3s Gd. 

46. Letters of Queen Elizabeth and James VI. of Scotland. Edited by 
J. Bruce, is. 

47. Chronicon Petroburgense. Edited bv T. Stapleton. 3s. 6d. 



12 THE CAMDEN SOCIETY. 

48. The Chronicle of Queen Jane, and two years of Queen Mary. 

Edited by J. G. NICHOLS. 3$. %d. 

49. Wills and Inventories, from the Registers of the Commissary of 
Bury St. Edmund's and the Archdeacon of Sudbury. Edited by S. Tym.ms. 3*. »'.//. 

50. Gualteri Mapes do Xugis Curialium Distinctiones quinque. Edited 
by T. Weight. 3*. Gd, 

51. The Pylgrymage of Sir Richard Guylforde to the Holy Land, 1506. 
Edited by Sir 11. Ellis. 2s. M, 

52. Moneys received and paid for Secret Services of Charles II. and 
James 11. 1674) to KISS. Edited by J. Y. Akiuimax. 3*. Gd. 

53. Chronicle of the Grey Friars of London. Edited by J. G. 
Nichols. 

54. (See No. 25.) 

55. The Camden Miscellany. Yol. II. : — 

1. Account of the Expenses of John of Brabant, and Henry and Thomas of Lanca-ter, 
12f)2-3. Edited by J. Burtt. 2. Household Expensesof the Princess Elizabeth at' 
Hatfield, 1551-2. Edited by Viscount Stiiaxofoud. 3. TiWBeq nest and Suite 
of a True-hearted Englishman, written by William Cholmloy. Londyncr, in 1553. 
Edited by \V. J. Thoms. 4. Tbe Di>covery of the Jesuits' College in Clcrken- 
well in March, 1627-8. Edited by J. G. Nichols. 5. Trelawnv Papers. Edited 
by W. D. COOPEK. 6. Autobiography and Anecdotes, by William Taswell, D.D. 
Edited by G. P. Elliott. 

56. Letters and Papers of the Yerney Family, to the end of 1630. 
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