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Full text of "Publications of the Ipswich society"

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PUBLICATIONS OF THE IPSWICH 

HISTORICAL SOCIETY. 

VIII 



THE DEVELOPMENT OF OUR TOWN 
GOVERNMENT 



AND 



Common Lands and Commonage. 



By T. Frank Waters. 



WITH THE 



Proceedings at the Annual Meeting, 



December 4, 1899. 



0alem Ptcms 
The Salem Press Co.. Salem. Mass. 



THE DEVELOPMENT OF OUR TOWN GOVERNMENT. 



| 

A 
U 

* 

m 

m 

i 

U 

ty 



nr as an easy matter, we imagine, for the little handful of original settlers to talk 
eir affairs and agree on measures of public policy. They night have praifirn-d 
In a body and steeled a spot for their meeting house, located thr earliest roads and 
apportioned themselves home lots and tillage lauds- The simplest form of pure de- 
' ticy wan adeijnute to all their needs; but, as their number Increased, some system 
of representative ^Dvcniiiiciit was found necessary . 

The first public official appointed was the Clerk, As the Town Record begins with 
November, 1 034, the Recorder or Clerk bad been chosen before that date. The **lot- 
layers" also appear at this time, p Committee to which was referred the delicate task 
f assigning lands : Henry Short, John Perkins, liobert Mns*ey and John Guge. The 
grauts, however, were determined In open meeting, and the function i>f the lot-layers 
merely to determine locations, and ttx "by metes and hem nils'' the lot apportioned. 
" The seven men" are first mentioned under the date rVtj. SO, lffS6/f, hut they are 
alluded to in ftucb an incidental wny, that it would seem that they were already an es- 
tablished feature of town polity This first board of irovernment eenetsted of Mr* 
D Wlnthrop, Mr, Bradstreet, Mr, Derdson, ftoodmau Perkins, Goodman Scott, 
i Gage and Mr. Wade, and they were chosen to order business for the next three 
mouths, Mr, Denlson was chosen to keep the Town Hook, enter the Town orders, and 
seta copy of them up In ye meeting house." He was fcti keep a record of land grants 
s well, and a fee of sixpence for every entry was granted him. 

But the sturdy democracy seems to have been suspicion* or detriment to Its own 
ower and dUcni' : ng f r< m tfie new officials, and forthwith they proceeded 

to hedge in their authority by ordering that "thej shall have no power to grant any 
land in that which is commonly reputed aud accounted the Cow Pasture, nor above twen- 
ty acres in any other place,** The older board of lot layers was made to feel its *ubser- 
lenceto the popular will, by the addition of Mr. Appleton. Berg, llowlett, John Perkins 
dThos, Scott to assist them in laying out thelar^e grants made to **Mr, Dudley, Mr. 
Br ad street and Mr. Saltings tall" before the 1 4* of May 1887. 

The seven mf*ii" seem to have become "the eleven men" in January 1637/8, but 
In )€S9» "the seven men** reappear, aud in Feb. Ifl4ti/I, their term of office Is specified 
as six months, Mr. Hubbard, rapt. Denlson, Jo. Whipple, Good. Giddlnga, Mark 
Symonds. John Perkins and Mr, William Payne were then chosen *' for the Town's 
for six months, provided that they jiivu nee lands, nor meddle with dividing 
orsilntlnu the Commons " Thus the lengthening of the term of service was balanced 
by curtailing their authority In regard to lands, lu 1642, further ''direction to slra* 

(3) 



THE DKVFLOPMENT OF OCR TOWN OOVEltNMENT. 



plify the Town business** was desired, and a committee consisting of the two magia 
trates* the elders, Mr. Giles Firman and George Glddtngs was appointed "to prepare 
lor the next meeting of the freemen, what they shall think meet for yearly ma trite* 
nance and for the way of ray sing of it/' 

In Feb, 1643/4, Robert Lord was chosen br the Town, "from this time forward 
to be present at every general meeting of the Town, and of the freemen and of the 
seven men. and to record in a book what is committed to him by [ ] Moderator of 
every such meeting, and to tend in some convenient time before the end of the meei 
ing to read over what is written, and be is to have [ ] third parts of the fines foi 
not appearing at meetings, for this service." Me was termed Recorder, but the da 
ties of his office were very similar to those of the Town Clerk of later days. 

Glimpses are had here of the rigor with which the body of voters directed its 
own action. In 1^48 hi general Town meeting, it was ordered that all the inhabi- 
tant of the Town that shall be absent from the yearly meeting, or any other where* 
of they have lawful warning, shall forfeit a shilling. Robert Lord earned his two- 
thirds no doubt, foi bin duties Included ringing the bell, calling the roll, and collecting 
the forfeit. Twelve freemen were soon called upon to pay a fine of 12 d a piece foi 
absence. 

In 1645, the tenure of office was extended to a year, and In 1150, the seven men 
Were called by the familiar name of selectman. In that year, the elective oflic 
fere Selectmen, two Constables, four Surveyors, and a Committee of Five " to make 
the elders" rates/* or, in plainer language, to apportion the tax for the support of the 
ministry- Mr. Robert Payne hail been appoints! < orutnittee or Treasurer for the 
Town in May, i*>42, but it does not seem to hav> been in annual elective office, 

Road- surveyors were ai pointed in January, 1&40/1, and the men appointed to 
that office were Mr, Hubbard, Mr, Syinonds, Mr. Payne, and Hobert Andrews, four 
of the most substantial eitUeua, The road* wen hardly more than cart-paths, grass- 
crown, except In the wheel ruts, In some localities the unused portion of the public 
way was sufficiently broad to pay for lis own maintenance. Thus, in 1640, " 
hare upon Chebaceo waye toward Labour-in-vnbi Creeka [now known as tin* Argllla 
road] was granted John Lee, this year only, the land itself being settled for a 1 
way, the TOWS intending that hy like grant be ahull enjoy it, he giving no cause to 
the contrary. It remaining In the Towns hand to give or not to (fire,* 

It was al*o voted, that same year T that u the highway to Chebacco beneath Heart- 
break Hill forever be repay red by the benefit of the grass yearly growing upon the 
same;" and John Leigh (whose name Is still associated with "Leigh's Meadow, 1 * as 
the older people among u* -still call the meadow land, owned by Mr, George Haskell on 
the south ffldi of the AfgUll road) was ** to enjoy all profits of the highway, and all 
the common ground tying at the foot of Heart-break mil, maintaining the highway 
from Rocky Hill [now owned by Mr. Moritz Li. rhilipp], to William Lainpson's lotf* 
"and If there be an j ground that tuny conveniently in planted, in- haUi Uben 
plant it and secure It for himself, he always leaving a sufficient highway for carting 
and dri ft " 

Within the memory of a vc-i IU living, Green LtA*, ft*- Oman Street 

waa then called, waa a grassy lane with a number of different ruts* Travel was chiefly 



>f 

: 

i- 

i 



Bu 

wl 



THR DKVKLOrMENT OP OUR TOWS GOVERNMENT. 9 

on horseback, and the heavy farm teaming was done lii two-wheeled carta or tum- 
brils, drawn by oxen. Kotir- wheeled vehicles were almost unknown, In many spots 
the roads were wet and muddy from the outdo w of springs. The present Mineral 
Street* originally Dirty Lane, was a proverbially miry thoroughfare, from it* near- 
ness to the swampy land*, that are still low and wet. The deep deposit of leaf mould, 
which had accumulated for ages- made it difficult to maintain a passable road in many 
quarters, no donbt. 

To keep these primitive highways in fair condition was no mean task In itself. 
But the highway surveyor had other duties. The lines of roadway were not defined 
th any accuracy. It was easy for landholders to push out their fences and claim 
ortlous of the common highway, and the surveyor was bound to detect such encroach- 
ments and determine their extent. Men of the finest quality were needed for this 
and other delicate tasks, and large powers were given them, as the regulations adopted 
In 1641 Indicate. 

11. i( Agreed that road-ways and general ways be done first." 
2. M That pen [»ie work the whole day." 
3, ii That defaulters shall forfeit the value of their wages double, both carts 
d workmen i carts to have reasonable warning." 
4. "If any man hath 24 hours warning. It is sufficient, unless his excuse be 
allowed by one of the surveyors." 

M All youths above 14 'years of age are to work fn this common business. It 
Is Intended such as doe comonly use to work." 

6. '*That the surveyors are to take notice themselves and Information of others 
of encroachment of all ways, and also of annoyances etc — and to bring the same to 
the Town to be punished " 

f, l * For every day's default, the forfeit Is in Summer 3* +<*, in Winter 2MV 1 ; for 
defect of a team each day Is in Summer 13* 4 d , in Winter 10'." 

To execute these regulations required much discretion. That fifth article alone 
was enough to Involve the unhappy surveyor in much difllculty, if he failed to recog- 
nize the dignity of some fnurteen~year*old son of a sensitive family, 

To these responsible duties were added, i+ making up and keeping the wall about 
the Meeting House In repair " (1S50), and ** repairing the highway leading to Chebacco 
and to Castle Neck, that Is, beyond that part of the way that John Leigh hath under- 
taken" (1900). They were instructed, in 1651, to "appoint a GOUaldarablf company 

run to fell the small wood upon the Extern side of Jeffries Neck, to prepare It 
for sowing to hay seed ; H " and in 1658, Mr Hodges, with one other surveyor calling 
John Perkins Sen with them, were ordered to **call out 40 of the Inhabitants to goe 
to JetTry's Neck with hoes, to hoe up weeds that spoil the Neck and sow some crass 
ds«" The Htirvcyors have power also to call out all the Town for one day's work, 
th men and teams, ,K to the lining up of a wharf, and mending the street against it," 

Next to the (piestion of roads and highways, their location, bounds and mainte- 
nance, was the jijreat matter of the common lands, which were held by the* house- 



wm 



THE 0BVELOFMEKT OF OCR TOWN GOVERNMENT. 



holders In common, and used for pasturage, and supplies of fuel and timber, 
win a relic of the ancient system of I and -holding In Germany and England, and w* 
reverted to naturally In the primitive colonial life from the necessities of the situa- 
tion. 

In November, 1634* it was agreed that *' the length of Jpswitch should extend 
westward unto [ ] bnryluge place, and Eastward unto a Cove of the River* unto the 
planting ground of John Plrkltips the Elder." The cove here mentioned is that below 
the wharves, where East street louche* the River; John Perkins Sen. owned land on 
the opposite side of the street. Beyond these limits, the land wa* held in common. 
U was further specified that "the Neck of land adjoining Mr. Robert Coles extend- 
ing unto the tea- shall remayne for common use unto the Town forever." This may 
mean Manning's Neck or Jeffrey's, or even both. "The Necke of land, whereuppon 
the Great Hill standeth. w T ch is known by the name of Castle 11111*'* was likewise re- 
served. Thin vote* however* was revoked when Castle Hill was granted Mr* John 
Wlnthrop Jan. 13, 1G37/H " provided that he lives in the Town, and that the Town 
may have wlmt they shall need for the building of a fort.*' 

To define this common land* and separate it effectually from the Town proper, a 
fence was necessary, and the Town voted in January, 1637/8 " that a general fence 
shall be made from the end of the town to Egypt River* with a sufficient fence, and 
also from the East end of the Town In the way to Jeffries Neck, from the fence of 
John Perkins to the end of a creek in the marsh near land of W r ? Foster, to be done 
at the charge of all those that have land within the said compass, and by them to he 
maintained/ 1 On the south side of the Kiver, this fence was near Heart-break H1U, 
(IPSO) and it extended across to the present County street, near the line of the brook, 
as seems probable from ancient deeds. Liberty was granted to fell trees for this 
purpose, and it may have been built easily of logs, piled zigzag fashion, as pasture 
fences are still built in wooded regions. As early as 1G39, a special Committee was 
chosen to view this fence, the original ** Fence Viewers/* who are still elected at the 
March town meeting. Their function was of the highest importance. 

The principal use of these common lands was for pasturage. Johnson, in his 
Wonder Work lug Providence, observes that the cattle had become so numerous In 
Jti4ti that many hundred quarters of beef were sent to Boston from Ipswich every 
autumn. Swine and sheep had also increased rapidly- Every day these great herds 
were driven out Into the commons to find rich and abundant forage In the woods, and 
along the sedgy banks of ponds and streams. The common fence was necessary to 
keep them from straying back into the cultivated fields. Any breach In It might In* 
volve great loss In growing crops, at a time when a scarce harvest was a very serious 
menace to the health and comfort of the little community, No wonder they chose 
men of the greatest sobriety and carefulness for the responsible duty of viewing 
and having charge of this rude fence. 

Their duties became even more onerous we may presume after the year 1658 when* 
In accordance with the order from the General Court, the town ordered "that all per- 
sons, concerned and living in Ipswich shall, before April So 1 * have their fences in a 
good state (except farms of one hundred acres) made of pates well nailed or pinned, 
or of live rails well fitted, or of stone wall three and a half feet high at least, or with 



THB DEVELOPMENT OP OUR TOWN GOVERNMENT. 



a ditch three or four feet wide, with a substantial bank* having two rails or a hedge, 
or some equivalent, on penalty of f*s, a rod ami 2s a week for each rod while neglected/* 

These herds of large and small cattle ueeded to be watched lest they should stray 
away into the wilderness, or be a a sailed by wolves. For this service, the cowherd and 
shepherd andswlne-herd were essential, and thus we And the town officials of England 
in the Middle Ages again in vogue In our midst. Prof, Edward A. Freeman in Ms in- 
trodu< an Institutional History 1 aptly observes: 

"The most notable thing: of all, yet surely the most natural thing of all. is that the 
New England settlers of the 17th century, largely reproduced English Institutions in 
an older nhape than they bore in the England of the seventeenth century. They gave 
a new life to many things, which in their older home had well nigh died out. The 
necessary smallness of scale in the original settlements was the root of the whole 
matter. It, bo to «peak. drove them back for several centuries. It caused them to 
ri' produce in not a few points, not the England of their own day, but. the England of 
a far earlier time. It led them to reproduce in many points the state of things In old 
Greece and In medieval Switzerland." 

^Ih the earliest contract with the cowherds mentioned In our Town Records, un- 
r date oj Sept 163*, agreement was made with Win. Fellows to keep the herd of 
wsou the south side the river, from the 80th of April to the 20ih of November, He 
is hound "to drive them out to feed before the sunne be half an hour high, and not 
_ them home before half an hour before sunset/* He was to drive the cattle, 
**comlng over the River, back over the River at night,** and to take charge of them **as 
soon as they are put over Mr- Uivcr in the morning." He was liable for all danger 
coming to I he cattle, either by leaving them at night or daring the day, and was to re- 
ceive 12 pence for each cow before he took them, a shilling and sixpence fourteen days 
after midsummer and the rest at the end of the term in corn or money, a total of £15, 
The cows on the north side of the river were herded by themselves In 1640, and 

IVra, Fellows, Hark Quilterand Symon Tompson were the cow-keepers, receiving them 
t Mr, Norton's gate* In I #4 3, the cows were gathered, "over against Mr. Robert 
'ayne'g house," i, e. at the corner of High and Market streets. The cowherds were 
i st rue ted lu 1647, at "the first opportunity to burn the woods, and to make a Bridge 
F97 the River to Wilderness Hill," 5 and all herdsmen were ordered "to winde a 
orn before their going out,'* The herds wen* driven out* partly "over Sanders", i, e. 
over Sanders's brook on tbeTopsfleld road, and partly up High street. The owners 
of cows were bntind to provide men to relieve the cowherds every other Sabbath 
day, The herdsmen warned two on Friday night for each Sabbath day and refusal 
to do the service required was punishable with a fine of three shillings for each in- 
stance of neglect. In 1G49, Daniel Binge WH ordered to ^ attend on the green before 
r Rogers house " (the South Green) and the cowherd was obliged to keep the herd 
e Sunday in four. 
The whole time and attention of the cowherd and his assistants were regulated 



* Johns tlopklua University Studies, I. 

5 Tliiri m UVq mime of A Ml) near the present line of division between E*»ex and Ipiwlr n. In 
he vicinity of BalfieJd*! Bridge, The name le -stilt reiiiamlwrei] in eon nection with the range of 
Ills on the ea*t aide of the Candle wood rand, neat ^ugnmnre II 111, 



THE PETEiOFMENT OF OOB TOW* GOVERNMENT* 



ear 
on 



" 



by taw. By order of the General Court in 1642, the " prudential! * men of each 
were instructed •' to take care of such [children] as are sett to keep cattle be set 
some other employment withal, as spinning upon the rock,* knitting, weaving tape, 
etc, and that boys and girls be not suffered to converse together so as may ocean [on 
any wanton, dishonest or immodest behaviour. ** Wm, Synionds needed & s\ 
permit In 1653, before he could cut two parcels of meadow In the common, m 
Copt. Turner'** Hill, while he kept the herd. 

11 No great cattle, except cows and working cattle In the night," were allowed 
the cow commons and any mares, horses or oxen found In the commons two I 
after sunrislug; might be driven to the Found by the finder (1639). 

The cowherd's recompense varied from year to year, but was always a ra 
return for his service. Haniel Bosworth contracted in 1661 to keep the hen! on 

I h side of the river for thirteen shillings a week, " a peck of corn a head at the! 
going out, one pound of batter or half peek of wheat in June, and the rest o 
pay at the end of his time, whereof half to be paid in wheat or malt; the pay to be 
brought to his house within six days after demanded or else to forfeit 6d a bead 
more*" ** Agreed with Henry Osborn to join Bosworth to keep the cows on the Name 
terms. One of them to take the cows lo Scott's lane and to blow a horn at the meet* 
tag-house green In the morning*" In 1870, the town voted that every cow of the 
herd should wear a bell and the early morning air was fall of rural music, with low- 
ing cows, tinkling bells and the sounding blasts upon the cowherd's horn 

Swine caused more trouble than the great cattle. Certain sections of the com- 
mon lands were set apart for their special use. In 1030 it was agreed with Robert 
Wallls and Thomas Manning to keep four score hogs upon Plum Island from the 10th 
of April '* until harvest be got In;" "and that one of them shall be constantly there 
night and day, all the tyme, and they are to carry them and bring them h< 
vlded those that own them send each of them a man to help catch them, and they are 
to make troughs to water them in, for all which paynes and care they are to have It 
pene a hogg, at the entrance, 2 shillings a hogg at mid sn miner, for so many as are 
then living, and l J shillings a hogg for each hogg they shall deliver at the end of bar- 
vest/* A herd of swine Is alluded to in 16*0 on Castle Keck and on Hogg Island. 

But many of the inhabitants preferred to keep their hogs nearer home, and as the 
Idea of confining them in pens about the premises had not been conceived, they were 
driven out into the commons to graze. A good r wo miles was to separate them from 
thr town, and for any big pigs found within that limit the owners were liable to pay 
a forfeit of five shillings apiece; but it was "provided that such sraatr pigs as are 
pigged after I* of February shall have liberty to be about the Town, not being liable 
to pay any damage in house Iota or gardens, but if any hurt he done in hous. 

rdens the DWB4I "T lhi« telIC* through which Uh-v came shall pay the damage. 
tie piffges have liberty until 10 August next/* 

"Thepir I their liberty Injudiciously, and brottght upon tbemselvt 

severer edict of 1645, that do hog* tl ,,, the streets or commons nil 



• Mr*. A lire Mo«« Eart» to « Ilom* hU* la Colonial Dayi," page 178, aiyt tk»i the imod rllrtaf 
upon which thread w»* epun, vu called a M ruak." 



THE DEVELOPMENT" OF OUR TOWN GOVERNMENT. 



joked and ringed. Finally the town undertook the care of the hogs an the 
ae basis as the cows, Con tract was made with Win. Clark In 1652 to keep a herd of 
rs from the 20th of April to the last of October, ** to drive them out to their feed 
■ Commons, being all ringed, between seven or eight of the clock, to have 12 
shillings per week, six pence for every head/* Hogs were to he brought to Mr, 
Fayue's corner, and the owners were ordered * l to find for every six hogs one to help 
keep them till they be wanted." 

The next year, Abraham Warr and the son of Goodman Symmes were the swine 
herds* and they were expected to take them at the Meeting House Green and drive one 
herd through the street by Mr. F . . , (probably High St.)* the other out at Scott's Lane 
(the present Washington St.)- Robert Whitman also was commissioned to keep a herd 
of hogs on the north side, M he and his boy to keep out with them until 4 o'clock in the 
afternoon, to drive them out presently after the cows,— his boy has liberty to leave 
the hogs at one o'clock*** This swine-herd, Whitman, is mentioned in the record of 

«I44 as the keeper of the goat herd on the north side, 
ep were kept on Jeffries Neck, and liberty was given sheep owners In 16156 to 
fence fn about half an acre of ground there for a year to keep their sheep in nights,* 1 
and it w»s also ordered that** one able person oat of every family shall work one day 
In May or June as they shall be ordered, to help clear the commons for the better 
keeping of sheep, upon a day's warning." Robert Roberts was the shepherd on Jef- 

Kles Neck In 16C1 from April 6th till the end or October and his wnges were £13. 
jbert Whitman was paid 10 shillings a week to keep another lloek on the north side 
of the river. In 1662 there were three shepherds and the commons on the south side 
were so burdened that one hundred sheep were transferred to the north side* By 
Tote of 1702 the shepherds were required to have cottages adjoining the sheep-walks 
ao as to be near their flocks. Felt says that It was the custom for each shepherd to 
put Ills rtock la the pen every Friday afternoon, that the owners might take what they 
needed for family use and for market. 

Another public functionary of no small dignity was the Town Crier, whose task 
It was to proclaim with loud voice any announcement of public Importance. The first 
allusion to this official occurs in the year 1640, wben it was voted that M Ralph Varn- 
ham, for ringing the bell, keeping clean the meeting bouse and publishing such things 
as the town shall appoint shall have for bis parties, of every man for the year past 
whose estate is rated under 100£ 6 d , from 100 to 500£ V2* t and upward I8 d ; the like 
for this year to come," Henceforward the Town Crier was elected annually, 

Commendable care for tbc neat and tidy appearance of the public thoroughfares 

was manifested In the vote of March, 1645, that Robert Lord il keep the streets dear of 

wood and timber under penalty 12 H the load and as proportionable for more or less for 

lying or standing above three days In any of the streets or laues,'* and In 165*2 the town 

** Ordered, that all dung-hills lying in the streets shall he removed by the 20 th of 

^tober and from that time noe dung hills to be layed in the streets under the penalty 
10*," A stringent prohibition of felling any shade trees in the streets or high- 
ways, under penalty of 20* for every offence waa enacted In 1666. 

A Committee to provide a building for the town school was appointed in Jan., 
165 1/2 and studious effort to secure the best educational advantages is manifest In 



JO TMK »EVEU>l»MfcNT OF OUR TOW* GOYKBlUfEHT. 

LJjc; aiiuuaJ pp/rUlou for l\m public school and frequent contributions to Harvard 
l.'oJIi-gi- 

Am vttiioutt |jjdu«lri«« assumed prominence, special Inspectors were appointed, gen- 
riNlly in compliance with some i-dlct of the General Court. Thus, John Knowltoa 
whm uppof uUtd to " search and scale leather " In 1652, that no unmarketable leather 
nilfftiL In: mild liy any Laum*r of hides, and the sealer Is a regular official henceforth. 
Tim (j'ijiiiijioji I'wkitr, whom* fniicUon wan to secure the proper packing of flshor 
muni In Unnulu, I primmm*, raum Into existence In 1658. "Pounders," for the care of 
«i my iuiIiiimIm mIiiiL up In Lho public poimdH and the collection of fines, were chosen 
In hi/ 1, lull Minim provision iiiiihL have been made long before this as the pounds had 
himii Imtll sniiin year*. TlUtlng moil were chosen first In 1677, and in 1680 there is 
iiiniilliiii iif n Clnrk of llin Market Place. •• Gagcrs of casque" were chosen In 1721 
Tins piHii liuil I mn 1 1 provided for always at the public expense, but the first men- 
tion nf iHiiiinrNiiiu'of tin* poor, of which I am aware, occurs in 1734. Capt. Thos. 
Witilu mta limn n lor I in I to Mini olNcc. Col. John Choate was chosen surveyor of flax 
mid hump hi I /MA 

II v Hm mlddlo of I lit* t-ont my, door Ivotfnn to be scarce in the forests, and to pre* 
stmt itioh nviliioiliiii mid to regulate their destruction for food " deer reeves " were 
imUhlinlmd mid I ho ilrni oloothm whs made hi 1743, They were elected annually for 
uiMii\ \tnua, Imt im I ho tiillro hud broil discontinued In 1797, it is probable that the 
deur timl wlmllv dlnnppoiivrd. 

Hint i In* MoNoruuioMi of I ho town was systematized gradually. Every Industry 
■ooum to lm\o boon »u|tor\isod by some public functionary and the climax of petty 
omYtuMom uilnht woll ha\o l»een reached In 1797. when the list of officers chosen at 
(ho l\»w u mooting tucliulod Selectmen. Overseers. Town Clerk and Treasurer, Tithlng- 
uwii lio.td Suitotoi'i. KihU iVimuittee. Clerk of the Market. Fence Viewers, Hay- 
\\4i\U, N(i^o>oiit oi I uiiiber. Cullers of Kish. Sealers of Leather. Hog-reeves, 
iUui&oi* oi C*ik. So-der» of WVUht*. MeaMirer* of Grain. Corders of Wood. Flre- 
\t«idv I'WWcv o( (Vik. Miul Culler* of Itrvk. Surety the thirst for public office, 
\ibu-h allium e\en Aiuv-iumu ciitfeu. *\a* easily £ rallied. The Ipswich of a 
i»iti 4*i\* uui*i tiA\v been a pAisuliNC tor poi:::cia£$. 



\*w^\^ .* ,*«. a hvHito *ml 'aiu 1 %»■:>.-. i: sic v*: V ■!=%!* carried with is the right 
o . a*» . ■ ■ . vi v» ■ i '. io %» ■. v!e J.ont* • ^ i X-> o ? •*.'. : >. c v\*v ■ - o -j. Y e -jcc . r !i : * r U h : was definitely 
ivxvv^ wvf co c\»J'd V tv^C- 1 .: ei >o.v.* S-t :*.:* vr:*. :".*jpe of cutting wood in tilt 
sk*:i.vv .».v*.<». **» cJi *e*v "is xW. "J '-^ct< ov'^: -«*i:>. w*s Trained >y tie. town. 

S. *,£■»*.■- »> c :k»^ : * ^ v ''■•' ^ ' ! c : ■■**•■ *vv •.'■' ^"i* ■" "*■'* " ">•■ v .* V "S - " ie : rves sanding on 
wic V»-.*i.^!i ^i^i^vv; a» cv ; * -as. a ki ^rw .vixl.ii ^r»2:^ ^ruri^oa :a W34. u> the 
^ii;i.v\A j\» i«t«v ^av ^ * w» o»i .\i> *t^ a » *_ i:i-?.e. ccHaKOtf niioo for lie i allios^S' of 
i^Kuj. I 1 , xv. W I'o^'j orvrc:%x? '.Ia; **k.* 'ujli «a»'. *L. >ad. £-t« or COaT^y. 
s'aimc -v - v „ou»\>w oi v.mm oa: .»: -..lc IV* a. a-i» m >?r «^tt *r xasawa. Tir** ( 
\i>ca ii»a ml'i o- .vhitM.j^ :acv. »i*.u .»r j.-cv. " Tli: '.vostju: *£ :ie T%.»« 



r«n or sjb- I 
jw*~*« I 



TOE DEVELOPMENT OF OCR TOWN OOVEUNHKKT. 



y before any timber or eta p boards could be carried beyond her bounds* 
t enactment of 1631* was even more stringent* 

Noe man shall fell any timber upon the Common to make sale of, neither Shall 
iy man fell any tree for fuel without leave from the Constable under penalty of x' 
r such tree felled for timber or firewood, ami if any man shall fell timber for their 
n use, and remove it not from off the Commons, or cleave it or saw tt not within 
©year after the felling of It, it shall be lawful for any man to make use of the same, 11 
cording to the vote of 1G43, a special license from the Town or Seven Men was 
easary before I whir-' Oftfc could be ft* lied, and Mr. Gardiner VIS to glv« a written 
certificate that such Uoensfii fit. The felling of timber on ♦' Jewry's Neck, Cattle Neck, 
Ho# Island," etc., was prohibited in L$5Q, but some clear] naja had beer* accomplished, as 
provision was made in 1«»34 for Je (Tries Heck and other common lands to be "broken 
up and planted for English." Sped*] privilege Ml granted the Inhabitants of the 
Town In 1C52, to fell for firewood the swamp between Timber Hill and Bu*h Bill, 
*< provided no man may take above 2 rods in breadth, and to fell all and clear as they 
go across tbe Swamp." By the order of 1665, oaks or wnlnuts might not he cut with- 
out permission, but the maltsters, Capt* Appletnn. Hornet Whipple and Thomas L 

were granted liberty to fell some walnuts for their kilns in 1*1G7, and permit was given 
the tanners in 1671 "to fell for there supply for Barke for there* t aiming, belugas 
good Husbands for the Town as they can," 

Neither did the right of commonage Involve any privilege of cultivating any por- 
I tlon of tbe commons. In 1660, twelve citizen* petitioned for the privilege of plant- 
lug two acres apiece In Jeffries Neck, and they agreed to sow four bushels of hay- 
seed per acre with the last crop. Their petition was allowed and seven others were 
granted like privilege "if tbe land holds ©Hi 

This use of the common land sprang into instant favor* The next year, fifteen 
DMA ■flTQfll to cultivate two acres apiece on Jeffries Neck for four years, and with 
the firth crop plant four bushels of hayseed, and leave It to tbe use of the Town for 
iroon feed as before, Twenty- four men agree to clear, and then cultivate Bush 
1 1111 and Turkey HW for six years, on the same term*, Willi the added proviso, that they 
♦shall keep up fence one year after to let the grass get ahead." Reilroot Hill was 
granted to eight for six years, Scott's Hill to nine, a parcel of land at Cowkeepers 

Kyck to six, land between HaltlehVs and Wilderness Hill to G hidings and John An- 
ews* 
By the time the first of these tillage lights had expired, the idea of permanent En- 
■rshlp had gained general acceptance- So, In 1664) the town voted that 
inn Island, HogjE Inland and Castle Neck be divided to such as have the right to 
commonage according to law, according to the proportion of four, six and eight* 
ho did not pay more than 6 - ® d in personal & property tai in a single country 
rate were to form the first division. All that did not exceed 16» were to form the 
second. Ail that exceeded lf» 4 " together with our Magistrates, Elders, Mr, John 
gcrs, and Mr, Thomas Andrews" (the school-master), were to constitute the htgh- 



The Committee to which the task was assigned, reported In April, 1G65, that there 
re 203 Inhabitants who had right of commonage, that 28 were entitled to a double 



12 



THB DKVELOFMKNT OP OUR TOWN GOVERNMENT. 



share t 70 were entitled to a share and a half, 105 were entitled to a single share, 
single shares in alL They reported as well that there were 800 acres of marsh an 
upland "beside beaches and gal I'd hills," and that each single share would cont 
three acres, These shares were laid out, first a doable share, next two one and a hal 
shares, then three single shares beginning at the end of Plum Island towards Rowle 
then on Castle Neck, including "the Pines" and Wigwam Hill. The commoners then 1 
their shares by lot t and Cornet Whipple, Kohert Lord, John Lelghtou and Thorn* 
Lovel went with them to show where their land was*. A full list of the ghareholde 
was recorded, and this large section of the public domain was withdrawn from con 
monage forever. Large tracts of common land remained however and the right < 
commonage was granted to Ave men In USB and to Thomas Glddl ngs in 1674 hy vot< 
Fishermen were allowed to cut wood from the commons for needed bnllding an 
fueL, and each boat's crew had leave to feed one cow on the Common (1670). Y 
further privilege was granted them in 169S, when Mr. John Appletou, Mr* Andre 
Dyamond, and Mr. Francis Wainwrlght, were "appointed and empowered a Commits 
to lay out the several tots that shall be desired by persons to carry on the flshitiir < 
sign at Jeffery's Neck, for flake-room and erecting stage or stages, the said lotts I 
run up and down the hill fronting to ye River on ye Soutbsidc," Tract's of these Ic 
are visible in the rows of stones, on the slope of Great Neck near Little Neck, 
favor had been shown other use of common lands In 1682, when the (pies tie 
" whether any commoner or Inhabitant may take up and inclose land upon the con 
mon or highways, as he or they shall see good, for Tobacco yards and other DM 
was decided in the negative. 

Finally, in the beginning of the next century, 1709. it was voted, that all 
common lands be divided Into "eight parts," except what is hereafter to accomi 
date ancient and new commoners* These votes, we have mentioned, were all ' 
of the town In regularly warned town meetings, Provision was made for the 
ing out of the several votes by the selectmen, the town constable and other pub 
officials. It might appear that the town in Its corporate capacity had supreme conHs 

Nevertheless, from the very begin ning p the commoners, or those who had 
right of commonage, met In commoners* meeting, had their own records, and legh 
la ted with reference to all the duties and privileges of commoners, In fact, It 
been affirmed by a careful student, that in the town of Manchester, land grants ma 
by the town were really made by the commoners acting in their capacity of con 
uvoners/ In our own town, the line of distinction seems to have been drawn inor 
definitely, yet the commoners claimed and exercised very Important rights As ear 
as 1644, the Town Records allude to a gift by the commoners : " a plot of the Cov 
Common on the north side of the River containing by estimation 3244 acres, was pr 
seated unto the freemen of the town. The freemen doth give and grant unto the In 
habitants of the Town with themselves, their heirs and successors forever [via. 
such as have right to commonage] all the aforesaid Common to be improved as afo 

■aid.* 

In 1702, they divided the common lands Into targe sheep pastures. ** The 



1 State Dor, " InhitbliaiiU of the Town of Manchester tersui/i Andrew C. Slater,* 1 p. 



THE DEVELOPMENT OF OUR TOWN GOVERNMENT. 



ia 



Neck by some cal* Jefleries Neck, now named ye Ham Pasture being part of y* 
sheep walks on y* northerly side of the River," was to be included In the 4I sheep 
calk," on the north side of the River; " and on y* South syde of ye Mill River* ex- 
cluding y- hounds of j* flock cal* Whipple's (Job's 11111) flock, extending from 
Isaac k Foster's In Chebacco to James Glttings his house; and from thenc to y e vally 
betwixt Long Hill and Wilderness Hill, and thenc in y l valley betwext Bed Root HUP 
and Sagamore Hill and thence on a line to Mile Brook ag'* .... land." 

These " stinted sheep walks" having been defined for each flock* the commoners 
voted that there should be nfne flocks i 

I* *. y r jte m p as ture flock" 

2. **y Bush Hill » M 

$• "Tamers Hill * l " 

4. "Turkey Hill » " 

5. ♦'Bull Brook " * 

6. '* ye Town flock, alias Windmill Hill flock as far as the Bridge below Win 

Durges & as sd Rivilet runs by Henry Gold's to Cboates land/* 

7. "Red Root Hill or Brngs & Kinsmnns flock." 

8. **ye Farmers flock next Wenham called Whipples flock, alias Jobs Hill flock/ 

9. the Chebacco flock. 
It was further ordered 
11 Every sheppard shall keep his flock in the limits prescribed to the particular flock 

y 1 he takes charge and care of. &. not suffer them to stragle into other Flocks limits, 
on penalty of paying as a fine of two shillings and six for each time he Is convicted of 

such his neglect : " Each shepherd was to have a cottage near his flock, and a 

fold in which he wan to put them at sunset, " and put them out at sun half an hour 
high in y* morne day by day/' Mr. Samuel Appleton & others were to have a flock 

6 Thick Woods and Pigeon Hill. 

In 1707, a division of wood, timber, etc., at Chebacco ponds> Knights farm, etc., 
vas miidc into four parts. In ITOvi, the final division of the common lands was made 
>> i Committee of the Commoners and a Committee of the Town. The town voted 
3n January 11, 1708/9, "That wood-laud at Chebacco Ponds, that thatch hanks and 
land above Baker's Pond, and Samuel Perley's, Jeffrey's Neck and Palue's Hill, be 
divided Into three-fifths and two-fifths shares/' 

Voted, "That any commoner who has one or more rights and has built one or 
more new houses In the place of old ones, shall have only the right for a new house, 
which belonged to the old one/* 

The list of old and new commoners, and old and new Jeffries Neck commoners 
waa agreed on, and then the common lands were divided into eight parts. 

1. •* Convenient for Chebacco, about Chebacco pond," about 873 acres. 

2. "Convenient for the inhabitants of the Harablett," about 470 acres. 

3. " From Chebacco Pond running northwesterly, taking nil the Comon lands 
between the two lines to Cow keepers Rock, and all that piece of Common up to the 
highway by Tanner Norton's, and by the fence' to the Gate by Appleton's Mill/ 1 about 
116] acres. 

i\mv called Red-wood Hill. 



14 



THE DEVELOPMENT QE OUR TOWN GOVERNMENT. 



Warner's or Day's gate ..." about 



about Wl 



4. '* Thick Woods & Pigeon Hill." 

5. " Beginning at Kimball's corner 
94 G acres, 

6. "From Goodhue's corner to Day's corner, by the River, etc T " 
acres (5 atd 6 Including Bush Hill and Turner's Hill), 

7. Turkey 1 1111 and land about Egypt river, 954 acres, 

8. Toward Rowley Hue, 850 acres. 



The Committee proceeded to assign the commoners to their proper eighths, and 
earh man's right was decided as accurately as possible, 

Some title to Castle Neck still remained in the possession of the commoner »s 
appears from the vote of *il Mar., 172<i, Instructing the Treasurer to execute u 
of sale or conveyance of their whole right and title in the lt wood that now Is, or that 
shall hereafter be standing, lying, or growing on any part of Castle Neck so called 
beyond Wigwam Hill/* to Symonds E|>**s, Bsq., for ten pounds sterling. The con** 
Burners relinquished their M right att Rocky Hill unto James Fuller, Bbeneser Fuller sad 
Jabez Tread well, they paying the sum of sixty pounds old Tenor, for ye Com n>. 
Aug,, 1745, (This Is the hill now occupied by Mr. Morttz B, Fhlllpp. ) 

Unappropriated thatch hanks were let each year to the highest bidder, ouly 
moncrw having tin..' righi to bid. Mights and privileges in the "Oravill Pit and Clay pill 
^were reserved by the commoners for their use and profit, The beaches belonged to 
Commoners, and hi 1757 they voted that M Capt. Jonathan Fellows of Cape Ann, ha 1 
the liberty of all the sands lying in the Town of Ipswich for the space of one yearf* 
the sum of 2£ 13s, 4d," 

Their authority reached also to the flats and the clams that dwelt therein, and in 
17U3 the vexed question of the control of the shell fishery led to the first regulation 
of whleh I am aware. The commoners voted, on July 4th, ■■ That the Committee take 
care of all ye flats & clams therein, belonging to ye proprietors of ye Common lands 
)u Ipswich & that no person or persons be allowed to digg any more clams than for 
their own use, & to be expended In ye Town, ft that all owners of fishing vessi 
and Boat?* shall apply to one of sd. Committee for liberty todlgg clams for their ve*: 
use fare by fate, & no owners of vessel or vessels, boat or boats, shall digg m 
Claras than shall be allowed by one or more of sd. Committee on penalty of prosecution; 
said Committee are to allow* one Bar* of clams to each man of every vessel going to the 
Rank* every fare, ft so also in propr, to boats fishing in the Bay, and a majority of 
said Com, are impowered to prosecute all offenders," 

The income accruing from these sales and leases was expended for various pub- 
lic use*, In 1771, a hundred pounds was voted •■ for the use of building a work house 
in the Town of Ipswich," provided the town build within eighteen months. Iu 1772, 
£20 was voted to Win, Dodge and others "to erect sutable land marks for the benefit 
of vessels outward and inward bound," and 6s, to Anthony Loney foi ringing the 
from Keb. 177*1 to Feb, 1772. In 1773, £50 was voted for reading and writing scfc* 
provided the town raise £40. Finally, in 17H8, the majority of the commoners vol 
though vigorous opposition was made by the minority, to resign all their interests In 



mil 

Tjore 



:>ted, 



THE DEVELOPMENT OF OUR TOWN GOVERNMENT. 



15 



lands, etc., to the town toward the payment of the heavy town debt Incurred daring 
the Revolution. Mr. Felt estimated that this grant was worth about £600. 

Thus the body of commoners ceased to be, but we still are reminded of the old 
commonage system by the " Common Fields/' so called, In the neighborhood of the 
Poor Farm, and oar Soath Common and the open lands In the centre of oar town. 



BY-LAWS. 

I. 

The objects of the Society are the gathering and recording of knowledge of the 
history of Ipswich and of individuals and families connected with said Ipswich ; the 
collection and preservation of printed and written manuscripts, pamphlets, and other 
matters of historic interest, and the collection of articles of historical and antiquarian 
interest, and the preservation of and furnishing in colonial style of one of the an- 
cient dwelling houses of said Ipswich. 

II. 

The annual meeting for the election of officers shall be held on the first Monday 
in December of each year, and meetings for literary and social purposes shall be held 
on the first Monday of February, May and October. All meetings shall be called by 
the directors by a warrant under their hands, addressed to the clerk of the corpora- 
tion, directing him to give notice of such meeting by sending a notice to each mem- 
ber of the corporation by mall four days at least before the time of holding such 
meeting ; which notice shall contain the substance of the matter named in said war- 
rant to be acted upon at such meeting. Said warrant shall state all the business to be 
acted upon at such meeting, and no other business shall be transacted at such meeting. 

Special meetings may be called by the directors in the same manner as other 
meetings. 

III. 

Any member of the corporation may present the name of any person for mem- 
bership to the clerk, who shall announce at the next meeting of the corporation there- 
after the name of said person so proposed for membership ; and said corporation 
may vote to admit said person to membership of the corporation at the next meeting 
of said corporation held after the clerk has announced the name for membership. 

IV. 
Every member shall pay an annual fee of two dollars which shall be due on the 
first day or December, and failure to pay this fee for two years shall forfeit mem- 
bership unless said corporation otherwise direct. 

V. 
The officers of the corporation shall be a president, two vice presidents, treas- 
urer, clerk, corresponding secretary, librarian and three directors. 

These officers shall be elected by ballot at the annual meeting and their term of 
office shall be for one year from the date of that meeting and until their si 
(16) 



BY-LAWS. 17 

are chosen. Vacancies in any of these offices shall be filled by the directors for the 
unexpired term. 

VI. 
The directors shall determine the use to be made of the income and funds of the 
Society ; shall endeavor to promote the special objects of the Society in such ways as 
may seem most appropriate, shall appoint such committees as may seem expedient 
and shall have charge and custody of all property and collections of the Society. 

VII. 
These By-Laws m ay be amended at any regular meeting on recommendation of 
the directors by vote of two-thirds of the members present, provided that due notice 
has been given* of the proposed change at a previous meeting. 



ANNUAL MEETING. 



The second annual meeting of the Ipswich Historical Society was held on Mon- 
day, December 4, 1899, at the house. 

The following officers were elected by ballot : 

President — T. Frank Waters. 

Vice Presidents — John B. Brown, John Heard. 

Clerk — John W. Goodhue. 

Treasurer — Joseph I. Horton. 

Directors — Charles A. Say ward, John H. Cogswell, Everard H. Martin. 

Corresponding Secretary — John H. Cogswell. 

Librarian — John J. Sullivan. 

The Reports of the President and the Treasurer were read and accepted. 

(18) 



ANNUAL REPORT FOR THE YEAR ENDING DECEMBER I, 189tf, 
Kj.ak «y tiif, PKEgrPKNT, Rev. T\ F. Waters, at tub Annual Meeting, 



The annals of the past twelve months are pleasant reading! we may presume, for 
the members of the Society and its friends. When we met In this House at cor last 
annual meeting, the work on the four great rooms had been substantially completed . 
the furnishings of the lower floor were fairly well In place, and a beginning had been 
made in Biting up the west chamber as a typical nleeping room of the olden time. 
The rear portion of the building was as yet untouched. 

Work mi continued vigorously during tin- month of December, and by the New 
Year a very <iiijimodlous tenement had been evolved from the unprepossessing leanto. 
New wood work and plaster, paint and paper were the rule here, and when the low* 
studded rooms on the first floor, and the quaint little sleeping chambers under the 
ereat slant roof bad been completed, the question of a tenant, was easily settled, 
Borne doubt had been expressed whether a desirable tenant or family could be found. 
But the idea of dwelling in the venerable old house proved alluring to a number of 
worthy folk, and long before the rooms were ready for occupancy, an ideal occupant 
was planning to take up her abode. Miss Alice A. Gray, a lineal descendant or the Ips- 
wich Howards of two centuries air", after twenty-three years of service st the Fine 
Art Museum In Boston, felt the charm of our ancient mansion so powerfully that she 
relinquished in a large measure her work in the Fine Art Museum and became the cus- 
tndian of our bouse, 

She brought to her new position not only the devotion of an antiquary, th«* skill 
hi arrangement learned by long experience, and exquisite taste, but a great store of 
ancient furniture as well, and many decorative adornments. Tudor her deft hand, 
tbe two chamber* were made wonderfully attractive and the whole house was put in 
admirable order. In all this, her friend and companion Miss Julia ilutberlett was a 
ae&)< rker, and an invaluable helper, and she has proved a very gracious bdtt- 

4*90 to our visitors during Miss Gray's absenre. 

-t of July, the House was opened to the public. Hours were fixed, 
from two lo half -past six every afternoon except Sunday, and it was decided to charge 
an admission fee of ft flee n cents for all visitors except members of the Society and 
i Ik ir households. An influx of visitors began at once and continued well through the 
month of September, 1148 names were recorded in our Visitors 1 Rook, but a consid- 
erable proportion especially of our towns-people failed to register. In ronnd numbers, 
it is a fair estimate that. Vim people have been through the rooms, 

OV 



20 



\NSI "A I. It E PORT POft TBK TKAH, 



They represented I it Suites betides Mimsiiehusetts, and foreign lamia, 

r impend ;> ii- ich ; 



onilo 
Miami ite 
[owe 

JUlnofe . 
Ohio 

tdl 

Ink . 

New Hampahlre 

mom 



4 


Colorado 


S 


1 


1 


Wisconsin . 


i- 


Michigan 








Louisiana 




Maryland 


1 


Diat Columbia 




lttlO*li' 1 Hi 11 ml 


u 


New .If] 




Q| 


l 


anectloal 



Xovn RcotlA 

BjMlH 

England 



Cubs , 
Gfcffl Bras 
Scotland 






IM 

All Ulivo bOftU run I dtltgtlttd- The i llAVC 

d iin- moat tnilitiataatUi appi ! fte Bob 

ration Architect's hn\ •■ oOnu ftJTApIl nml tuk* 'I fltud 

details, and iinvt- proi and Rronderfnl specimen ol 

:ilr!iiiri'iiir i t\\r\ til 

Lorers of old houi lift! with the beat of thf mrliuHt period in many oh 

towns, hnvc Adk i wHhotU tbat this wm the moat unique 

<> - <>r cultured ExiglUb gentlemen bare cold q no «>i< 

dwelling In England that la to striking, end • imnu storiette <»nii< \n«t 

: recognition ol Iti riloe ims recenUj come to our knowledge, In t -mm- 
iM.n yviih thi obeeronce ol r 1 1 . ■ &£0tb imiiterMr; of the Second church 
Antique Bxlilbll n Copley Hull. Its principal Feature ivu An old Host 

productions on • mil scale of Benjamin Franklin's i 
churcti and other buildings^ Two Incltee bad cbai eonatroction of tbeFnanl 

the direction of an expert architect, They applied to n iceni 

thta llOUSr. An nj) 

i leeond friend fc ted the opinion thai inip< 

wlcb was r tide* facjulrlug for helpful Literature at Ibe Boston Public Library 

ihey f 

■ _• wag left iMit ti» make tbeli pilgrimage. Ti 
a whole iiny under nttr roof, end retur loaned foi 



VL ICFPUK1 l-ui; | mi 



T 

:: 

mi 



bit and feeling better prepared for their responsible task. 11m borrowed ^s i^r>deit 
nd string aud eandle-motdd a1 1 1 acted -rent attention. 
By imitation of Hiss Gray, Mr. W. H, Downs of the Boston Transcript -pent I 
Saturday half holiday as her guest, \lv was greatly interested especially with our Li- 
brary, which is of fur grenrer value than is cam in only supposed, ami srlDOOd llil ap- 
preciation by writing t rerj admirable summary of the contents, and th 
the House, for the Boston Transcript, which has hud wide notice and hfl the 

ouse very effectively to the attention of a large circle of read> 

While LhiH steady COTTent of visitors from alnoad has been An wing through these 

moms, very few .it ow towus~peopie ktve been drawn hither, Occasionally when a 

II Is being entertaiinil , i visit Is made here as; a means of diversion, bnt our C 
lift come rarely, ami many member* have never availed themselves oi their privilege. 
l mailer of profound regret. Til* Society ran attain Its rightful place sod SC- 
mplisb its best work only as it bus the intelligent aud sympathetic support ami 

• immunity. Wa ret} upon nnr citizens to furnish funds, ami 
CHS, OJ loan Of gift, to our collection*. Our House is so well furnished already that 
any think our needs are all supplied. We need many things, particularly an eight- 
lay clock, chairs of ancient pattern, a court-cupboard, old china ami pen tar, ■ 'tiring 
lip in-i, books, manuscripts, ami Indian implements of i-vi-i y kind. \ rtstl to tta 
oiis* may often result in very material help 

More than all else, we solicit a large active membership. Wc exact no conditions 
f membership, and impose no duties beyond the payment of tWO dollars annually. 
e give a copy of our regular publications and the free use of the Rouse, \ny pei - 
on Is eligible, and names may be scut to any member or to the clerk or president. 
Any name will he acted upon at the flrst business meeting after the name tins been for- 
mally proposed. We should have a membership of several hundred iti our own town. 
The aimual revenue from *udi a constituency would i-miMe us to p*J OB? mortgage 

na few years, and set aside a goodly sum annually for the publican >f original 

laterial and valuable old records. During the year* 5ti new roajntwii have been 
elected, bringing the total active membership to \Q&% 

A goodly number of additions to our cabinet collections ami genera) furnishings 
as been made* Mr. l>- V. Appleton has contributed a fine copy of the old ruritan 
amily Bible of the edition known as the '* Breeches nit>h»," published In London in 
110 Mr. J. ll> Brown has deposited with u a notable Ale of ancient feeds Of the 

rgilla farm. Miss H. Augusta Dodge of Hamilton has given the roecw I writing 

esk, presented to her sister. Gel! Hamilton, by her pupils in the Ipswich KemaleScm- 

It still contains her diploma and letters of rare interest Mi*^ Klbm A BtOJM 

as sent a line collection of antiques from her marvellous old home In Reel Lexington, 

A braided mat of noble proportions is the handiwork of Mrs. Kllzamuh M, Brown. 

Mr, Ralph W. Bum ham has loaned a valuable collection of old eh hi a. 

To these we must add two gifts of notable value from friends not resident In our 
ommunity 

Anions the guests at a quiet five o'clock tea in midsummer , was » daughter of the 
late Amos Adams Lawrence, During hi** business visits to the Mill of the Lawrence 
Corporation near by, he often came into this Hous**, and frequently expressed a wish 



ANNUAL KKPOK'l lOl£ THK YEAR. 



thai it might be repaired and preserved. She expressed great interest in the work a 
ready done. She wan much impressed with the need of more land than we then owned 
ul> with the desirability of securing the corner then occupied by a dilap! 
dated house. §0 well remembered, and Qi pot for ornamental purposes. Hei 

interest found practical expression in the splendid gift of $1800 for the purchase 
mortal of her honored fathrr. The property was secured at o 
and also a small strip, six feet wade* adjoining our la ml on the weal The work ©i 
clearing the corner of buildings, tilling and grading* has been carried on - 

in* uinUr n lite 8 toe i*|Wl ho nteofd w with the w 

garden* According]} ■ Que of ninn* post** hus been erected on on 

whole , Uwus and walks have been hdd out, and our whole property ^rii<1e< 

and In tacldi utellv, permanent been constructed 

1 changes In the exterior of the house have <<■ and modi 

D added in the rooms occupied hy Miss firs v. This h 

tble expenditure, of which so Etpaid* It seemed the wli 

to complete the work on toe boose nod grounds Id durable and perm titottbc 

fore w ii. mikI thus avoid of a resumption id t 1 1 «- vvnrk in t h 

ipermted with an v*ty gener oni tmlldlo 

on bba front, changing the location of the Are hydrant, and setting ngraal 

inn l "' oonisjf. 

tn response to a suggestion thai tbi life of John Winthrop, Jr. » the Fori 
town, deserved more careful consideration In its relation to Ipswich, tlmn it had rr 
iert f 1 . Wiut lin >|> .h ■., of Boston, very kindly consented to H 

nairascripl thai i b* d, and supplement K with such nev 

flud He gave moon time to the carelol examination of the Wlothxop papere* n\ 

panded modi new matt the illustrations and the priul 

distributed co| .mi-- 

\y ion multitude <d historical societies and pnblfc libraries, and to 

Im- ftngtlen and OermanaolvsrsJUesincludiog Trinity College, Dublin, win 
Wiiitiintp stodied, and representative tostttntlons In otlu 
<pau. 
On? society hi . tl thuatnto sontptcnooi place, nod alraa^j 

ts foronr jndiii mi. from for< from manj Uta 

rles in our own country Thi Society hi debarred by the express wish of both th 
its from any formal acknowledgment, but we claim the privilege i 

fni ii sucii nod tattoos These targe ^m* from friend 

Society who an lent +*****fi us. and who are Interested only remotely t it migbi 

be kbongbt, in Its prosperity , should sttmnlate the geoeroett; of its members and friends 

who arc dfrectlj con cos and need*. Wehavei hed rotfy 

InsJ design Lngand famishing our BonsC) and providing attract! ve sar ro onj 

luge* Our work bowevei Ll only begun. We have passed from the sta^e of sinal 

thlttjca. We need large ^ifts. W mat enterprise*, The floating debt wit! 

nd the yeat should be provided for at once, for we need nil the Income ac 

: from membership and admission he work of the Society, The mo 

feof flttiao, which em -houkl be cleared. Bel 



i 



ANNUAL REPORT TOR THE YEAR. 



winter a proper steam or hot water plant should be installed for beating all the room**. 

i unsightly barn that remains our neighbor should be removed. Our grounds must 
^e the Whole of the original lot. We need room at once for the erection of a log 
house, with thatched roof, wooden chimney daubed with clay; and oiled paper window*, 
as a counter pa rt Of the humble cabins of many of the Purltau settlers. In a few years 
we shall need more room to house and display our expanding collections and for general 
rn, fire-proof Memorial Building will he a necessity. In it a large and 
entitle collection of Indian Implements, worthy of old Agawain, of costumes of the 
rdftl and Revolutionary periods, of ancient fahnrs, table furnishings and heirlooms 
of every BOTt Bright pc exhibited, Our Library would be safe and would have room for 
growth. 

A hall foi t. i i * - meetings of the Society would be provided rind its walls might be 

tnttliaoiled With the flap of tin- several periods of our national history, and adorned 

U tablets reeordiu;* the glorious events of our town history, and names of those 

illumined our annals. 

The html adjoining our own is unimproved at present. The owner is willing to 

It art'onl* an ideal site for this building that is to be. It should be secured with- 

Who is to be the donor? Who will make the first gift, looking tOwatdfl 

i oi these alias? If bo immediate gift is available, who will provide by 

win i rone bequest 7 

OUI Ipswich was renowned for tlie ouul it v of her first settlors, Wlnthrop, Denlson, 
tltonetall, Bjmonda, Ward and Norton. She was at the front in King Philip's war 
nth her Appleton and bis brave men. She raised her voice igftlnst the Andros tax. She 

d in the Kevntution, and Hodprkhis* nieinory lingers in 
rooms, where he spent his declining years and died. Ann Bradstreet dared to 
claim new honor for bar sex, Zilpah Grant and Mary Lyon toiled aud planned here, and 
she red In th< dawn of a higher education for women. 

It remains for the Ipswich Historical Society to glorify the history of old Ipswich 

omtngly* shr lm* a wide and inviting opportunity. The inspiration springing 

from IDOneftifn] endeavor urges Uerou. The obligation of progress, of comprehensive 

and ambitious effort in the future, is Imperative. She must aim to be the most unique 

and conspicuous of the ureal multitude of Societies, that Is coming into being. Only 

nonev Is needed Surely so trilling a lack will be easily supplied! 



THE REPORT OF THE TREASURER OF THE IPSWICH HISTORICAL 
SOCIETY FOR THE YEAR ENDING DECEMBER 4, 1899. 



J. I. Horton in account with the Ipswich Historical Society : 

CR. 

Construction acct. 



DR. 

To Fees and Subscrip. 

44 Proceeds of Supper, 
Dec. 24 

44 Proceeds of Social, 
Jan. 21 

44 Proceeds Entertain- 
ment by Daughters 
of Revolution 

44 Sale of old material 



$944 41 



25 00 



11 80 



13 00 
28 00 



Admittance fees to 


% 


House . 


137 92 


Sale of Books at 




House . 


16 00 



Amos Adams Law- 
re n c e memorial 
gift . . . 



Balance in Treasury 
Dec, 1898 . 



$1022 21 



$153 92 



$1800 00 



$2970 13 



194 63 



$8170 76 



S. F. Canney 
J. E. Kimball & Bro. 
"J. W. Goodhue, on acct 
Benj. Fewkes 
A. H. Plouff . 
Wall paper, etc. 

Labor acct. 
Austin L. Lord 
James Thibedeau 
Leander Goditt 
Sam. J. Goodhue 
Foster Russell 
J. Howard Lakeinan 
Miscellaneous 



Work on Corner. 
Tearing down old House 
Filling, grading, etc. . 
Stone work acct. 
Stone .... 

Interest 

Rent on Rooms in Odd 
Fellows' building . 
Printing 
Insurance 

Furnishings, work, etc. 
Stamps, Stationery 
Recording Deed, Charter 



$311 
94 
25 
11 
9 
13 



31 
75 
00 
00 
56 
95 



$465 ft 



65 
43 
34 
15 
10 
4 
35 



30 
50 
13 
36 

12 
00 

28 



$207 & 



30 

102 

25 

9 



66 
40 
00 
05 



43 50 



$167 1 



20 
35 
23 
27 
11 
8 



00 
35 
00 
95 
81 
96 



(24) 



TRSA8URER8 REPORT. 



25 



Fuel 


7 85 


Water Bill 


6 00 


Teaming 


8 95 


Miscellaneous 


20 90 


Miss Gray 


50 00 


Stove 


10 00 


A. Damon, china 


24 50 




aono -re 


Purchase of corner 1950 00 


Cash on hand 


81 64 




$3170 76 



Bills due : 

Edward Choate 70 63 

John S. Glover 15 00 

Aug. H. Plouff 87 06 

Austin L. Lord 21 42 

Wlnfleld 8. Johnson 10 15 

J. I. Horton. stove 9 00 

Francis H. Wade 10 00 

J. W. Goodhue 64 99 

Michael Judge 36 00 

S. F. Canney 60 94 

Cash on hand 

Deficit . 



385 19 
81 64 

$303 55 




NAMES OF MEMBERS. 



Frederick J Alloy 
Mrs, Mary G. Alley 
Dr. ClWrtM 1 Ames 

Da u I el Fuller Apple ton 
Francis K. Appleton 
Mrs Francis ft, Appleton 
J aine^ W. Apple ton 
Randolph M. Apple ton 
Mrs. Helen Appleton 
Dr, G* Guy Bailey 
Mrs- Grace F. BaUey 
Charles W. Bamford 
John A. Blake 
John E* Blakemore 
Mrs, Caroline E. Bonier 
James W, Bond 
Warren Boy n ton 
Charles W. Brown 
Edward P. Brown 
Mrs. Elisabeth If. Brown 
Henry Brown 
John B. Brown 
Mrs. Lucy T- Brown 
Dante) 8> Buruham 
Ralph W. Burnham 
Rev* Augustine Caldwell 
Miss Florence Y. Caldwell 
Miss Lydia A. Caldwell 
Charles A Campbell 
Philip E. Clark 
Mlsa Lucy C. C oh urn 
John H* Cogswell 
Theodore K. Cogswell 
Miss Harriet D* Condon 
lie v. Edward Constant 
CM) 



Charles S. Cnmraings 
Arthur (\ Damon 
Mrs. Carrie Damon 
ftffl. Annie K* Damon 
Mrs. Cordelia Damon 
Harry K. Damon 
George G, Dexter 
Miss C. Bertha Dobson 
Harry K. Dodge 
Rev. John M. Donovan 
Arthur W\ Dow 
Rev* George F, Dnrgln 
George Fait 
Miss Enieline C Farley 
Joseph K* Farley 
Rev. Milo 11, Gates 
Mrs* Pauline Gates 
Di\ Guy W* Gilbert 
Mrs. Florence Gilbert 
John B. QlOTOt 
Frank T. Goodhue 
John W. Goodhue 
Her. Arthur H* Gordon 
James Graflum 
Mrs* Eliza H. Green 
Miss Lucy H anil in 
Mrs. Luis Hardy 
George H, W. Hayes 
Mrs* Alice L. Heard 
Miss Alice Heard 
John Heard 
Miss Mary A. Hodgdon 
Joseph I. Horton 
Lew in B. Hnvey 
Miss Ruth A. Hovey 



Gerald L* lloyt 

mag Lmy 8. Jewett 

John A. Johnson 

Miss Ellen M* Jordan 

Edward Kavanagh 

Charles M. Kel 

Fred A. Kimball 

Rev* John L\ Kim ball 

Aaron Kinsman 

MIsh Beth i ah D. Kinsman 

Miss Caroline L. Lakema 

CortJa B. Ij&keman 

G-. Frank Lan^don 

Austin L. Lord 

George A. Lord 

Miss Lucy Shide Lord 

Thomas El. Lord 

t)r* George E, Mac* Arthur 

Mrs I sa belle G. Mae 

James F. Mann 

John P. Marston 

Everard II. Martin 

Mrs Marietta K, Man in 

Miss Helolse Meyer 

Mrs. Amanda Nichols 

John W, Nourse 

Charles H* No 

Mrs. Harriet E. Noyes 

Mrs* Anna Osgood 

Rev. Robert B. Parker 

Martin V* 1L Perley 

lioritt B, PhiUpj* 

Augustine H* Plouff 

Ernest Reynolds 

James E. Richardson 



NAMES OF MEMBERS. 



27 



\nna W. Ross 

3r. Ross 

h Ross 

ti F. Ross 

r illiam H. Russell 

mi S. Russell 

j Savory 

38 A. Say ward 

Henrietta W. Say ward 

e A. Schofleld 

rd A. Smith 

' P. Smith 

larriette A. Smith 



Rev. R. Cotton Smith 
Mrs. Elizabeth K. Spauldlng 
Dr. Frank H. Stockwell 
Mrs. Alice L. Story 
John J. Sullivan 
Arthur L. Sweetser 
Rev. William H. Thayer 
John E. Tenney 
Mrs. Annie T. Tenney 
Miss Ellen Trask 
Bayard Tuckerman 
Charles S. Tuckerman 
Francis H. Wade 



Miss Martha E. Wade 
Miss Nellie F. Wade 
William F. Wade 
Luther Wait 
Miss Anna L. Warner 
Mrs. Caroline L. Warner" 
Henry C. Warner 
Rev. T. Frank Waters 
Frederic Willcomb 
Wallace P. Willett 
Chalmers Wood 



HONORARY MEMBERS. 



Ubree, Jr., Swampscott 
m Sumner Apple ton, Boston 
at G. Burnham, Boston 
Caldwell, Elizabeth, N. J. 
r Caldwell, Washington, D. C. 
»n Caldwell, Avoca, Iowa 
Sdward Cordis, Jamaica Plain 
38 W. Darling, Utica, N. Y. 
i P. Dodge, Newburyport 
Caroline Farley, Cambridge 
Eunice W. Felton, Cambridge 
Fewkes, Newton 
aid Foster, Boston 
itus P. Gardner, Hamilton 
« L. Goodhue, Springfield 
Slizabeth K. Gray 
r W. Hale, Winchester 
Farley Heard, 2d, Boston 



Otis Kimball, Boston 
Mrs. Otis Kimball, Boston 
Miss Caroline T. Leeds, Boston 
Mrs. Susan M. Loring, Boston 
Miss Adeline Manning, Boston 
Henry S. Manning, New York 
Mrs. Mary W. Manning, New York 
George L. von Meyer, Hamilton 
Mrs. Mary S..C. Peabody 
Frederic H. Ringe, Los Angeles, Cal. 
Mrs. Henry M. Sal tons tall, Boston 
Richard W. Sal tons tall, Boston 
Denison R. Slade, Center Harbor, N. 
Joseph Spiller, Boston. 
Miss Ellen A. Stone, East Lexington 
Harry W. Tyler, Boston 
George Willcomb, Boston 
Robert C. Winthrop, Jr., Boston 



H. 



AUDITIONS TO THE MUSEUM AND LIBRARY OF THE SOCIETY SINCE 
THE LAST ANNUAL MEETING. 



Rev. W. P. Alcott. Ancient book. 

Mr. Daniel Fnllcr Appleton. Norton's Evangelist. London, 1657. New England 
Weekly Journal, April 8, 1728. A Continental bill, dated February 26, 1777. A 
'-Breeches Bible/' in the original binding, London, 1615. 

Mrs. Bartlctt. Small glazed jug. 

Miss Emeline Bishop, Rowley. Dial of an old clock. Pair of buckram stay* 
Reed for loom. 

Mrs. Caroline e. Homer. A mirror with inlaid frame. Bellows, warming pan, 
autographs, textiles, books, etc. 

Mrs. Elizabeth M. Brown. Set of candle moulds, brass skimmer, leather box, 
large braided mat. "Rise and Progress of Religion in the Soul," Philip Doddridge, 1771 
■'Letters of Fletcher of Madeley." 

Mr. John B. Brown. Stone pestle. Deeds of Argilla Farm. 

Mrs. E. Newton Brown. A saddle cloth used by the Ipswich troop, about 1824 

Mr. Ralph W. Burnham(loan). A collection of pottery, about sixty pieces, most- 
ly early English, slip and lustre ware. 

Miss Joanna Caldwell. Fringe loom. 

Col. Luther Caldwell. "Life of Ann Bradstreet." 

Mr. Philip E. Clark. Pair of scales, brass skimmer and ladle, tin kitchen. 

Colby College, Water ville. Me. " Personal Recollections of Baptist History 
Biography." 

Connecticut Historical Society. Connecticut Records, 1776-1778. 

Dedham, Mass. "The Dedication of the Norfolk County Court House." 

Miss H. Augusta Dodge. A writing desk given to Mary Abigail Dodge (Gail Ham- 
ilton) by her pupils in the Ipswich Seminary in 1854. with her diploma from the 8e» 
inary and autograph letter. 

Essex Institute, Salem. Annual Report, 1899. 

Edward F. Everett, Cambridge. Record of the family of John Fuller of Ipswick, 
1634. 

Miss Anna Giddings. Printed matter, pamphlets, etc. 

Mr. George Haskell. Old books. 

Mr. Theodore C. Howe. A cotton coat worn by an officer of the Spanish Nwj 
at the time of the battle of Manila Bay, May, 1898. A brass projectile fired from 
•« Olympia" at tliat time, and a glass plate with log cabin impressed, about 1841. 
(28) 



ADDITIONS TO THK MUSEUM AND MflltAKT, 



29 



Mr. Daniel KlnthsJL Simple! with pedigree of Whipple Family. 

Knowttoii Fruiiii> Association. "The Kuowlton ancestry ►" 

Mr* William T. Lambert, Hamilton. A petlttotl from irowky men in CoL Pin- 
ion's Regiment, fof land grant In compensation of service id Indian war. dated May 
>S, |X5i, Copy of lease of lands of V 1 Parish Apr. |0, VT$L 

I Mr Fredertcfe Lin Photograph of ■ Koyai commission dated 1765. 

Mr, Daniel BoUes Lord, Salem Ancient IG&OUQt honk. 
Miss Kmelmc Mam-neld, JVynm Framed sampler worked hy Abigail (Hazier, 

WofthtftgtOI] MmMleld, 1 T . S. Befit, 171**, 

Mr. Khen tfooltOD. Amiem femes scales, 

Mr, Ernest Perkins. Washington burton. 

Mr. A, II. Plouff. An Iron i 

New York. L'nhersity of State of. Report of the State Historian* Colonial 

res 1897 and two pamphlets* 
Mr Timothy Boss. Certificate of Kossuth fund. 
Braided test, 
File Ipswich Re| ! OtbSf papers* 

A d n mask table Hoih and plate with picture of Whipple 



a. M RnsselL 
Dr« W. E Km 
Mr. W. B Hot* 

lonae. 

Miss Eunice K- Smith* Parasol. u Punktu " hood, 

Mte.s A Tin i M mwley. Two piens Of early English pottery, a j;I«sp> 1»<>I- 

le mad* More 17'.m» t spectacles, Refers* Bible, I 

»mimm Sarah E< Smith, Salem, a piece of ftawisiMi from the rrecj Boose, New 
l>i ■il-r.iii lions, under whnh Washington slept.. Oct 81, L70f, and Lafayette, 
. -M JS'JC 
Henry ftpenldlng (loan). Fractional currency Issued by Ipawich Union Store, 
Ml** KIN it A Stone. l'iimiTnn , bedding, homespun liin'ii. SOStUlilSS, IsHHtSi 
tottery and glass, kitchen atsosHs, carpenter sod farm . from the 1mm. - 

ktead of Stephen Hob hi us of East Lexington. 
\ir. Daniel Stone. Candlesticks 

Mr. J n. Two century plants for the lawn, 

If i>. John F. Todd* Waldo, Florida. An Oxford Rlhle, ITW. Pwo miniatnie 
jortr shovel, pair of wrought Iron pipe tongs, candle moulds. Snuffbox, 

»i mm the Johfl F. Todd lmuse, Rowley, Mans, 
peneld Historical Society* Report of i 
Mrs. Charles 8. Taekermsii (loan). Umbrella. 

Mr Daol6l TreadweU Wade N.w fork. The Yeiir Hook oT the Sons or the 
,nt mil in the State of New York. 1199. 
Miss Sarah 1L Wade* Old map of Louisiana. 

Qeorge W. Wales, Boston. 2$ pieces of pottery and poroeltls, etc 
lit WslhUH !\ Wijleu. East Orange, N* J. Pewter and cldna. 



PUBLICATIONS OF THE IPSWICH 

HISTORICAL SOCIETY. 

IX 



A HISTORY 



OF THE 



OLD ARGILLA ROAD 



IN 



IPSWICH, MASSACHUSETTS. 



BY 

Thomas Franklin Waters 



Salem ptt§§t 
The Salbm Press Co., Salbm, Mass. 

11.03 



PUBLICATIONS OF THE IPSWICH 

HISTORICAL SOCIETY. 

IX 



A HISTORY 



OF THE 



OLD ARGILLA ROAD 



IN 



IPSWICH, MASSACHUSETTS. 



BY 

Thomas Franklin Waters 



Salem prat: 
The Salem Press Co., Salbm, Mass. 

1103 



PREFACE. 

An attempt has been made in the following pages to bring to- 
gether in compact form a history of the land ownership, and inci- 
dentally a brief sketch of the people who have owned the land 
or made their homes along the Argilla Road. 

To facilitate more minute research in regard to land titles, if 
anyone wishes to make original investigation, a series of foot- 
notes is appended. Reference is made to the five volumes, which 
were written in our own Town, and which contain the earliest 
record of land transfers, under the name, Ipswich Deeds. These 
volumes are deposited in the Registry of Deeds in Salem. The 
regular file of County Records is referred to as Essex County 
Deeds. 

Ipswich, November, 1900. 



THE OLD AKGILLA ROAD, 



mi SCHOOL ORCHARD AND MR. HLUBARD* S CLOSE. 



* rOVKJWOH Wintbrop'i Journal recoils that, id March 1633* John 
Winthrop, his eldest Bon, Leaded a Uttle company of thirteen men 
in making i formal settlement At Ana warn. But there had been 
sqotftter seniors, who were ordered away by the General Court 
pL 7, 1630, 1 and tbey may Lave made their homes in our 
Neighborhood for a number of years, and have made some strong 
impression on the raw edge of wilderness Life, Certain it is, thai 
when the first pages of our Town Record were written in 1634, 
allusion is made to many localities as already well known and u 
ing definite names. kt Tbe highway to Cbehoky * r or Juboqiii 
one of thesis and it is easily identified aa the later ** road to Ar- 
irtlla '* or 4i the Argilla Farm/ 1 

The majestic hill, whose base is skirted by the ancient road, i^ 
** commonly known as Hart break BUI/ 1 The tidal oraek that in- 
alluded tu T as known by the DAJttti of Lubour-in- 
■, and the other small river or creek that How* up from Esses 
River is mentioned as Cbebacoo Creek, and k * eommonly known * 
.iit name. Sagamore Hill and Castle Hill also lind place iu 
the Records* 
Tin- - an- of romantic interest. Heart-break is suggest- 

ot the loneliness and homesickness which may have come to 
primitive settler, looking off over the blue ocean toward the 
wsb home. 1 know that certain deeds of a centra; age allude 
to it aa Hard-brick Hill, and so it is named on a Town-map of 
sentary of uniform allusion to it as Heart-break, pra- 
ts this matter-of-fact epoch, ami Heart-break it shall still be, :m 
enduring memorial of the sadness of many of our Puritan an 

Labour-in-vain beats irilneas to the fruitless toil of some 
unknown pioneer, in thrusting bis heavy canoe against its swift 



1 M.i- H:. 






e 



Mil nil* AROtUA HO AD. 



current, and remind* us as well of the severe Into* which was d 
acteristic of the earliest times. 

Chebaeco, or C-heboko, or Jeboke, was the besl the English 
tongue could do toward preserving the name, by which the fndi 
hid called the pleasant region, stretching from the creek to the 
beach; and Sagamore Hill is a monumental memorial of Mascoil- 
nommet, who made formal sale of the territory occupied by the 
town, and who ones field undisputed sway over a large area. 
Here, for ages no doubt, the r*d men dwelt, but they have left no 

ir stone weapons, their shell heaps and the blacks 
stones that reveal the site of thou wigwam*, and an OCCaei 

ton. Castle Hill may have been named by souk- i 
who was glad to find t>n these shores some likeness of the stately 
English castles ; and Wigwam Hill was the summer home of 

of Indians, 
Emerging from the period of my> romance the old J 

iil v look on historic delinitetiess, Ranting tots, pastnn 
great farms were apportioned , and bouses began to bs bnilti The 
nam* !lers began to he associated with definite localities 

allies sprang into being and struck their roots so deep 
flouri well* that nine generations have continue their 

1, and spend their quiet lives hard by the ancestral b< 
The phenomenal interest which attaches to many localities along 
its whole length is manifest at the beginning* Turning 
Comity Road the land on the left corner, reaching beyond tli- 

. and extending through to Poplar Street was known fof 
nearly two centuries as the "School Orchard/* Mr, Robert 
Payne purchased this lot* estill i. a ontnimug two acres with 

a house, of Richard Coy, attoi Samuel ileifer in 1G52, In 

succeeding year, 165ft, be, * k atl his own proper cost and chi 
built an edifice for a grammar school /' upon part of the land thus 
purchased, and in October lft'iS, h< 1 a deed 

property to feoffees, who were to hold it in perp or the 

QSe and bene lit of t ho G mill mar School, 1 The fu 

Inly installed in Kj)i b irepa* 

ration of the Ipswich boys for Harvard College in the new school* 
house, which, as we infer from certain oM deeds, u cor- 

ner diagonally opposite from the rue mse of the South 

Church. Other gifts of « k and the great School Farm i 



THE OLD ARGU. LA KnAl'. 

the Caebacco parish gave an unusual endowment, and the Ipswich 
School sprang al OQOfl into conspicuous noti 

The school was kept for many years on the spot first selected . 
During the 1 8th century, its location is soim-whal uncertain, but 
Hi the beginning of the 19th century, it was housed in the square 
hipped-roof school-house, which occupied the corner of the lot, on 
Count; Road and the road to Argilla, Men of the finest 
rhnniri. i . Cheever and Andrews, Benjamin Crocker, Thomas Nor- 
nm t Daniel Dana, Joseph Mclveau, Major Rurnham and a host of 
rs labored faithfully in the discharge of their high duties* 
Many young men went from its humble rooms to college, and 
out into high places in the world. 

Down to the yea? 1686, the u School orchard" was leased to 

responsible parties for tillage laud, but in that year, the old school- 

bouse was moved to its preseut location, and the laud was di- 

i into house lots* Payne Street was laid out, and all the laud 

was sold. A number of the substantial farmers of the South 

Parish, AKiHi Day, Josiah Brown, Epbraim Brown, Joseph Brown 

.lr M Joshua Gkldings, John R, Brown, Winturop Board man, and 

m Kinsman Jr., 1 secured a lot on the southwest corner of 

Payne Street, and built a row of horse sheds for Su inlay shelter, 

in place of an older row opposite the Gushing house. The school* 

mimed to be used until 1H74, Thus the interests of edu- 

>u and of religion were long subserved by this two-acre lot. 

How the unknown Samuel Heifer cane into possession of this 
land is not recorded ; but in a schedule of his estate, which the 
Deputy Governor Samuel Symonds filed with the officials of the 
town, there la indubitable allusion to it in the item : 

** a parcel of ground, containing one and a half acres, abutting 
on the Baetaide thereof upon the lower end of Mr. W" Hubhnid's 
close before Ins town-house, and the rest of the said parcel is but- 
rounded with highways, which said parcel was part of Mr, John 
Winthrop's six acre lot there, granted him by the freemen of the 
Town " — granted by Wiuthrop to Symonds by deed date Oct, 24, 

This deed performs double her vice. It connects this location with 
Wiuthrop and Symonds, and reveals that Mr. William Hubbard 
owned and occupied as his town residence the adjoining prop- 
erty, now owned by Mr. Gustavus Kinsman* No other allusion 



•Eue*Co. Kc- 

vrloli Uise-ls, L-<45. Pab. of ElUkkr. BocIm;, i B. 



8 THE OLD AK6IIXA ROAD. 

to this estate occurs until 1674, June 3d, when an Indenture was 
made between Rev. Wm. Hubbard and John Richards, a merchant 
of Boston, of his dwelling house and homestead, and other lands. 1 
This was followed by a mortgage deed of Mr. Hubbard to Rich- 
ards, as agent for Major Robert Tompson of London, in 1677,* 
and by a deed of sale, dated March 5, 1684, to the same party, 
of his " Messuage or Tenement . . . with the Orchard, Garden 
and pasture behind the same, and Cornefield before the same, con- 
tayneing by Estimation Seaven acres, with other lands," for £480. 

A century later, June 16, 1788, Robert Thompson of Elsham. 
Great Britain, sold Mr. John Heard, " eight acres, adjoining land 
l>elonging to the Grammar School, beginning at the East corner 
by the road leading to Capt. Jabez TreadwelFs, then by the road 
leading to Isaac Burnham's, thence back in the same to the land 
first described." 3 

Mar}-, the daughter of John Heard, sold to Augustine Heard 
an undivided half of the land, with a barn, called the " Pinckin 
close " containing seven acres, 4 and Augustine Heard sold the lot 
** commonly called the Pynchem lot," to Ebenezer Caldwell on 
Nov. 1, 1851/' Captain Caldwell erected the spacious buildings, 
and at the decease of his widow, the estate was sold to Mr. Gus- 
tavus Kinsman. 

This fine property, still substantially of the same size as the 
original grant, derives intense interest from the Hubbard owner- 
ship. Mr. William Hubbard was a citizen of the finest character. 
His son, William, was a member of the first class which was grad- 
uated from Harvard College, in 1642. Entering the ministry, he 
was invited to become colleague with Mr. Cobbet, the Pastor of 
the Church, in 1656. He married Margaret, the daughter of Rev. 
Nathaniel Rogers, took up his abode in the homestead, and in due 
time became its owner. He continued in the ministry until 1703, 
when infirmity compelled his retirement, and he died the following 
year, aged eighty- three. He attained especial eminence as an 
historian, and his History of New England, for which the Legis- 
lature voted him £50, was subsequently published, and is still a 
work of recognized value. But his financial troubles are best re- 
membered. 

He bad no thrift in the handling of his affairs, and was contiu- 

« Ipswich Deed**, 1 :10. » Essex Co. Deeds, 149 : 206. 

> Ipswich Deeds, 4 :1S2. « Essex Co. Deeds, 339: «S. 

• Essex Co. Deeds, 498 :10ft. 



THK OLD AKGIILA ROAD. 



9 



ually beset by his creditors. His misfortunes culminated, as we 
have been, in the loss of bis paternal estate. Felt says that he 
resided on Turkey Share. It is known that be married the widow 
Peirce for a second wife, and her house was probably on the site 
of the present evidence of Mrs. Henry Lakemau, as an old cellar, 
which was probably the Peirce cellar, fflfl discovered when this 

'milt. So the oU minister may have left his sightly location* 
wilb its waving corn tie kl before the bouse, and the orchard behind, 
and spent his last veins in the humbler abode by the river side. 

Singularly enough the Hubbard homestead was known ninny 
years ago as the '* Pinchun otoee," and his pasture in Old i 
land is alluded to as the •* Pinchon Pasture." The origin of this 
title is unknown, hut il may have come from John Pynchon of 
Springfield, who married Margaret, daughter of Mr. Hubbard, and 
granddaughter of Rev. Nathaniel Bogere< 

- grotesque remembrance of Mr. Hubbard, in his be; 

, is revealed by the Records of the old Ipswich Court* The 
good man seems to have been the prey of his servants and their 
friends, but their peculation- > i to naught. On the 2 6th 

March, 1673. they were brought to the bar of the Court. Peter 
Leyeross, Jonas Gregory and BymOD Wood," for stealing and E3*&< 
: aliens of wine from Mr. Hubbard's/' were judged to pay 
him ££. Peter Ley cross and Nyinon Wood were aUo arraigned 

-lealing < gallon *n' wine trom Mr- Hubbard, and Peter 

Leycroes, Again, faff Stealing three quails. Peter and Jonas were 
»lso convicted Of Bt&alillg 1 sheep and selling it, and Jonas alum* 

called to account for '-a fatt weather*' stolen from the mini©* 

Hock. These were all sentenced to be whipped unless they 
paid their lines. Nathaniel Kuiersoii and Richard Pasmere 

icted of being at Jonas Gregory's, and having part in the 
i « vels over the stolen wine. 

Poor .Mr. Hubbard iraa Utile profited by these sentences, for 
Peter was his own servant, and on the 5th of May, in the follow- 
ing year, the Court ordered, 

"Whereas, Mr. William Hubbard bath disbursed £k for hie 
servant Peter Lay cross, in satisfaction of the sentence of Court 
for his tk< d that said Peter shall serve him 

hi» time La out* 
The other side of our old road is of less interest. The ©on 
raa occupied in 1**28 by a hipped -roof store kept by one Wade 



Cog*weJI t who wold to Mr. David Giddings, 1 who m lus ni 
Urged ri serve us stole and dwelling, 

t.-iiifl wa* pail of i Ik 1 estate of Dr, Nathaniel Cogswell af Rowley, 
who wt\# grandson of Jonathan Wade, and inherited much land 

v from him. Samuel W;uk- whs the owner of all the 
n Ibc Wade-Cogswell corner to the Durnharn estate, as 1 
ii in ii> in old reside ut, and he received it by inherit! 

The brothers, Jonathan and Thomas w cen- 

to have owned nearly the whole fcracl from ihe 

to the other road to Chebaooo, known now as I 



The sightly residence of Mr Rforite K. Phillipp crowua the bl 

known lo Mi. Hubbard's day and from theeariieal tinn s 

Hill. The earliest name perbapa 1 that is m I with 

of Humphrey Grirtiu. lie was a man of bumble 

i seemingly, and with small store «r worldly g Is. when he 

feed ai the do little settlement. He found little fa 

:«h the matter of his 000111114 was debuted in the (own meeting In 
I, and the result was," the Town doth refuse to Bum- 

phn aa an Inhabitant, to provide fur hiin as inhabitant 

formerly received, the Town ill." Nevertheless (.Jriflhi 

made his home here, and built his Bret dwelling on the suintni 
the hill, I sun &i the booae occupied hj Mr. Albert Jodrey* 

where sundry remains of an old dwelling h turned up by 

Um plough. He prospered at his trade ass butcher, and bought 
Mr. DenSsoo'e bones near the House of the Historical Society, but 

in* was often the victim of 1 tuny circumstances, In 1047, the 

id Jurj III infettoity of his married life, 

" We present ^ ig her 

«i Inw Humphrej < rriffin. 

resent Humphrey Griffin for reviling bfa 
He was so indiscreet as to work ort th 

pny u Bne of nr unload 

Kith day, 7 ; and so unfortunate 

as to he itfier ten ahlll 

ter*- In wcariu 

are roused for th tha 



THE OLD ARGILLA ROAD- 



n 



he eventually owned some fifty acres on Heart-break as well as hi* 
modest homestead on Etocky Hill. Que Simon Tompson, a rope- 
maker, bought Grlffln'fl house and land, three acres more or less, 
and sold it to his soa-ln-law, Abraham Fitt, 1 whom he had per- 
suaded 10 leave, his home in Salisbury and settle here, in An 
1 K58. It was inherited by Abraham Fitts's son, Abraham, and 
by William B i -in-law of Abraham, sennit of the name, 

who sold it to Francis Oomptou, ihe inn keq.er, ' Mar. 20, ill J. 
tmpton's berrssoldto John Fitts, leather dresser, and Jninz 
lieiidwidl, eoopeTj :n 174I, 3 ami it continued in IheTreadwell 
family for several generations. The remainder of the rugged hill 
'iged, for the most part, to generations of Fullers, who owned 
it for many years. The slopes which are (died with rocky ledges 
siined a put of the Cofflfnnn-laiKta until 1755, win r 
>ld to Jabez Treadwell, Eben&ser Fuller and Samuel Lakeman, 
ue of the heirs of James FulK i\ who received an acre apiece. ■* 
The gently sloping Held below the ledges, bordering on Wood's 
Lime, as the way to Old England was called) and the road now 
Rocky Mill Uoad, wiis sold by the administrator of Samuel i 
man to Kphraim Fellows, in Irtl l, s arid it included the acre bought 
from the * tofnl&lttee ol Proprietors of Common~lands and 6/7 pnrt 
of (lit bouse bit formerly James Fuller's adjoining. Mention is 
made in the *Uwi of this committee to Samuel Lakeman of (he 
pita, " reserving liberty to the Inhabitants of the Town of 
Ipswich always to dig clay at the end of the Hill." Nathaniel 
Fuller sold J times Fuller Junior, his title in a dwelling house and 
la ml, i me to Nathaniel by I lie death of his brother Thomas, 

on the hill called Uocky J J ill. in I69JL* An old cellar was reinem- 
1 by the late Kphraim Fellows near the well in the corner, 
which probably belonged to the James Fuller house. John Fuller 
have been Living in «!>• vicinity of Mr. J. Howard liuni- 
ham'fl residence in 1658 7 * His son James sold hjs interest in his 
r'a bouse and land to his brothers Thomae and Joeeph, I679. a 
Ehcuczer Fuller sold live acres with the buildings to Is,aae Bnru- 
f was owned by Aaron Buruham and Theo- 



I. 

II. 



• I ■.--. •■. Co. Deed*, 100:98. 

* £a«i*x ru. Deed*, IT: tin. 
1 Ificwtafc Deeds, i 



M aw 



THK OU* AKGILLA ROAD. 



HEART-BREAK II ILL* 

A tittle beyunl Rocky Hill the majestic slope of Heart 
confront* us. smooth and symmetrica), in striking contrast 
the rugged sides of Ltfl lesser neighbor, and capable of being 
is tillage ground to its vriy summit. This broad domain 

rally apportioned l>y the town into tillage tote ol mode 
and granted to the settlers* This wa nee with the pol Icj 

of i he time*, which refused auy hi ate near the 

individuals, and divided the large areas on Town Hill, 81 

treafc among s large number of citizens, The n 
of this preference of hillside Lands to level ami more easily c 
i fields, may be found hi pari in Captain John 8m 
iidental to his visit to in l+'M. 

*■ Here are many rising hills, rind 
ririiiy come hi' l< I- and dettgbtfuH grovas» WJ 

The settlers inuv bave naturally availed themselves of the 
rings made bj the Indiana* Bat old-time farmers, within 
century, bad i strong conviction tbat tl mdlayontbeli 

and refusing the lower levels , they cultivated the high lands at 
great outlay of heavy labor. The original t.!ler> of the -oil 
liave had Mas belief. 
Tin of land grants enables ns to truce with reasons 

uv the various iota on the sunny southern side of I 
hill, Baal of William Fuller, Deniaon fiad four acres, and 
proceeding down 1 re Allen Peril* Etol>- 

ett Kinsman's *\\ -. Bump 

th*s six acres and Alexander Knights foar-ac 

back up and over the crest ■ ( ! 
the hill ' d by John Proctor f T who 

exchanged bis sbt-^cre lot mtUJohn Seaborne, Mi Dud 
To Will nun Wlnt 

i lo Reginald Foster in U 
whose eight n 
nnd soui 

i of thei 
I to Ham] 
- to bis lis lot v. 

and may be 



THE OLD ARGILLA ROAP, 



13 



dow occupied by Mr. J. Howard Burnharii. The balk of the bill 
en me eventually into tbe hands of Simon Tompson, who at his 
death bequeathed some fifty acres to bis grandchildren, Abraham 
Fins and Sarah Fitts, wife of William Baker, children of his sou 
Abraham J Generations of Fitts es continued to own this land* 
Aaron Fitts sold sixteen acres to Nathaniel Heard in IfM* 1 A 
portion of this land fronting on the Argil la Hoad was sold by 
Heard to Jabez Tread well in 1796,' and the remainder to Josiali 
Burnham in 182 1 J 

Treadwell bad previously purohaaed a four-acre lot of Daniel 
Fitts in 1755, on the west of this [&L* The beirs of Jabez Tread- 
wcll sold to Wm. Jeuyss, iu 1807, D and Jeuyss sold Robert Baker 
M res called ,4 the old field," ami 8 acres railed kv Fitts Pas- 
ture" in 1809, 7 "The old tMA u was sold by Baker to Joseph 
Kinsman in 1818, 8 and still remains in the Kinsman fatuity. It la 
directly opposite the residence of Mr. J. Farley Kinsman. John 
Baker, the son of Robert, suld twelve acres to George Haskell, in 
0, March 9/ J Mr. Haskell enlarged his domain by five acres, 
:htof Nathan Brown In May, 10 and in 1852 he purchased twelve 
>■ of Aaron F, Brown, u who bad just bought of John Baker. 1 * 3 
his purchase he came to own on all three sides of a six-acre 
lot which Ebeuezer Fuller had *o1d to John Appleton in 177o t n 
the same presumably Daniel llovey bad sold to Joseph Fuller in 
1 689 J 4 John Appleton bequeathed it to his son John in 1 793,'^ and 
in the division of the latter's estate in 1798, this field fell to his 
daughter th Tread well. 1 * She married a Sutton, and AViu. 

and Ebeuezer Sutton sold it. to Mr. B&akeU in IMS. 11 On this 
lot Mr. Haskell built his mansion; but, for many years before he 
made bis home here, he had devoted himself enthusiastically to 
fruit culture, especially experimenting with the grape to produce 
if possible a hardy variety that would be valuable for wine. He 
never attained this, but originated several valuable table varieties. 
All his land on this side of the road as we have seen was included 
in the early Simon Tompson estate. 



1 I'TOl- 1 


tf J 


unr, 1GT6. 




Ifr: 






171 






\W7 


















1ST 


>o. 




110 





• Efett* x < o, Deed*, l&: act. 
'* E**ex Co. peadt, H 

i 

I -r\ in. D^tdd, i;7 US, 
,-wiih Deed*, §; ;m, 
i*Pm 93: 110 

-.(mil' tUcordj M i: 
Hec<ti 



14 



THE OLD AKU1LLA ROAD. 



The finely wooded slope, recently purchased of Mr* John Gal- 
braith by Mr. '■ ao>, A. Barnard, was owned previously by Mr. 
Frederic Bray* who bougbt an orchard kL so called* 1 about six 
acres in March, 1850, of James Manning of Rockport. 1 It came 
to f lira from John Manning, who bought in l«4l of John B. Brown, 
JoMph Kinsman and others, . » , - and these I presume wei> 

of Thom&fl Burnhaiu, in whose family the title had re- 
fer geii.t uiions. The fine open liehls beyond the old orchard 
included in tbe ancient Simon Tompsoti property, and when 

?e wns divided, they fell to William Baker, who had married 

- Prttij daughter of Abraham Fitts and granddaugther of 
Tompson* 3 Baker enlarged lus holding April 1, 1697, by the pur- 
14 of a small lot, measuring one and a quarter acres, of Jona- 
than Wade, and it is stated in the deed that it was on the northeast 
side of lilt highway that separated it from other land of Y\ ; 
ltak* i Robert Fitts in 1714 "that island of upland and 

meadow, which I bought of Mt\ ThOB, Wade . . . about one acre/ 1 

k one half acre out of ye ten acres lying on the side of said 
Uland, always reserving • highway sufficient for carting through 
laid Island and half acre." 5 

On Nov, 22, 1731," Robert Fitts sold to Abraham Fitts, his half 
part of 66 acres, ** in whieh is included all the land which I and 
mv said brother Abraham, bought of our uncle Baker," and the 
land which came u partly by inliei Itaooe from father Abrahi 

partly from Wm. Baker/ 1 It is specified in this deed that the 
sale included M my dwelling house and barn in said premises/* 
Pitta sold this house and bam with three-quarters of b 
Jacob Board man in 17 iu 1747, Boardman aold to Richard 

M aiming, gunsmn 

No mention is made of the bouse and it may have disappeai 
Bui th« I of tin* nncieut dwelling is undoubtedly preserved 

by the remembered location of an old cellar, near tin ml a 

little way from the barred v, which used to be ■ 

the •* old cellar bars/* Tl was built evidently by 11 

ii 1714. 
The bail m« Baker • John Watte, John Bj 

sold their interest iu ai ling nine- eph Abbe 









THE OLD ARG1LLA HOAD« 



i: 



iii 1744- ' Abbe sold to John Appletou in 1748,- who also ac- 
d nn adjoining tract of upland and marsh, bordering on Labor- 
in-vain Creek, in 17W,' from Rev, Nathaniel Rogers, This prop- 
erty bad passed from father to eon, from the first minister of the 
name, and hud been in the Rogers family for more than ■ century, 
A i Mr. Appleton's death, he bequeathed to his son William, '*all 
the land I bought of Nathaniel Rogers and Joseph Ash by," 1 
1793.* When Win, Appleton's estate was divided, the Abbe and 
Rogers lot fell to his daughter Mary Bowditch* 1800/ Wm. A, 
Bowdttch and others, heirs of Iheir inuilier, Alary Bowditch, sold 
^Abbey'6 lot" lo Joseph Kinsman in 1834, 7 and his grandson, 
GuBtaviifl KitiMnnn. lias recently sold to Mr. Geo. A, Barnard* 
These prosaic facts may Wfil be supplemented by Oelll Thax- 
well-known poem, totally unhistoric, but a very pl&ftfti&g 
idyll, devised to explain the name. 

In Ipswich town, not far from Mm* sea, 

RUen a mil which the people eall 
Heart-break Hill, and Its history 

Is an old, old legend known to ail. 

4 * * • 

It was a tailor who won the heart 

Of an Indian maiden, lithe and yottng; 
And she saw him over the sea depart. 

While sweet In her car his promise rung; 

For he cried, as he kissed her wet eyes dry* 
11 I'll come back, sweet-heart; keep your faith! 

She said, ib I will watch white the tDOOflfl go hf™ 
Her love was stronger than life or destfe. 

So this poor dusk Ariadne kept 
Her watch from the lull-top ragged and steep; 

Slowly the empty moments crept 
While she studied the changing face or the d 

Fasten ii a on everjf speck 

That crossed the ocean within her ken ; 
Might not her lover be walking the deck, 
•ly and swiftly returning Again? 



rror for \m*o. 
* Piotete EUoordi, IB: uu. 

M: i ji • Pfel 

, * i o tused 



16 THE OLD ARGILLA ROAD. 

The Isles of Shoals, loomed lonely and dim. 

In the north-east distance far and gray, 
And on the horizon's uttermost rim 

The low rock heap of Boone Island lay. 

***** 

Oh, bnt the weary, merciless days, 

With the san above, with the sea afar, 
No change in her fixed and wistful gaze, 

From the morning red to the evening star ! 

Like a slender statue carved of stone, 

She sat, with hardly motion or breath, 
She wept no tears and she made no moan, 

But her love was stronger than life or death. 

He never came back ! Yet, faithful still, 
She watched from the hill-top her life away, 

And the townsfolk christened it Heart-break Hill, 
And it bears the name to this very day. 

BATH SPRING. 

Mention is made in the deed of Bo wd itch to Kinsman in 1834 
of the Bath Spring. This is still seen by the roadside, though I 
have been told by an old resident that in early days it bubbled up 
near the center of the present highway, and that it was led by a 
pipe to its present location. The name Bath Spring is interesting 
as connecting it with other well-known springs or wells. The first 
thus specified is mentioned in a deed by Matthias Button to 
Thomas Wells in 1644, of twelve acres upland and meadow, which 
alludes to Goodman Hovey's Island and " the spring well that 
is in" this Island. 1 A later deed of the "Startford Farm and 
Hovey's Island or Bath Island," from Beamsley Perkins to Thomas 
Choate, makes exception of " the Bath and house thereon, situate 
in said Bath Island with liberty to re-edify the house over the bath 
or build another of same dimensions, which is reserved." July, 
1719. 2 

A well, now filled to the curb, may still be found there, but as 
no evidence of any dwelling is found, it perplexes us to know why 
such value should have attached to the water of this spring or well, 
that it was housed in, and reserved by the owner, when he sold all 
the adjoining land. A second spring, highly valued as a bath, is still 

> IpAwlch Deeds, 1 : 435. > Kteex Co. Deeds, «: W 



THE OLD ARGTLLA ROAD 



17 



ered by Ul€ brick building OH Spring Street, and is used by the 
County for a source of water supply for the House of Oorrec 
In 1772, Di\ Berry petitioned the town in regard to it as foil* ■ 
"A petition of Doctor Thomas Berry, shewing as it has been 

j i by Experience that a cold bath is of great service to man- 
kind, and there being a suitable and convenient place to erect one 
at the upper end of the spring to Hogg Lane so called, nigh the 

M of John Grow, praying that the town would please to ni&ta 

ant to him and his heirs of twenty feet of ground, below the 
I m iik at the foot of the upper spring, to erect an edifice for the use 
.'i foresaid, the Town reserving to themselves the whole benefit of 
flie Lower great Spring which is no ways to be diverted/' 1 

This way granted, and the bath house was probably erected, 
but whether for his family alone or for public use is not declared. 
I incline lo believe that the name Bath Spring, still attaching to 
this spot, indicates that it may have been enclosed in a similar 
structure for ihi> parpoae, and it may have been of special value 
to Robert Pitts sad the other dwellers iu the house that once stood 

: it. 

uimHVOS-HUHfJIIAM, 

Retracing Our steps to the dwellings and farms on the southern 
of our old highway, we consider first of till the ancient 
dwelling* once pirtmesquc with great chimney stack and project- 
-eeond Btory, now through remodelling, prosaic and common- 
place in outward appearance. It used to be said that John Win- 
throp owned the land and built the bouse, but records and deeda 
' uhborn witnesses, and their testimony is invariably against 
tradition. The Town Record, under the year 1635, informs 
us that a grant had been made to George Giddings of ** one hun- 
dred acres of Land at Chebocky** (now the town of Essex), and 
M likewise about sixteen acres of meaddow and upland, havinge 
the highway to Cheboky on the north-east,* 1 and a house lot as 
well on the south side of the river. This very ambiguous location 
becomes more definite when we find in the deed of sale 3 from 

GW' rhoroaa Uurnam of **my dwelling house wherein said 

Thomas now dwetlelh and twelve acres of land, hounded by the land uf 

Mr. Jonathan Wndo townrit the North, and Land of Mr. Nathaniel Roger* 

8t und Smith, the Highway leading to Cbebacco. Bast." 

June 3, 1667. 






■ 



I OtD AWMUk IOAD. 

be vieatrfied with the modem 01 
I (Wwt y pr o p e rty * ad the land i 
I m that fmmxLj tor several 

aa* z**A aid wmi of Tnomas. Isaac Aaron, Jostah, mad i 
aa*r parta. Doctor Joanna, down to the year when Mr*. Sail v. 
widow of the ttwt Josiah, told H to the present owner. It would 
appear from the deed Ibmt Bornfaatn was living on this spot at the 
te, sad it might be thought poaribw? that toe present weO-pta- 
•erred bo fld ing a) the original boose. Bat the style of the aoaae 
la a* original form and it* general appearance, ted Dr. Lyon of 
Hartford, no expert in oidea architecture, to locate it about the 

<liag», it ta believed, came over the ocean in the ship 
Planter, mad aa old dapping document 1 If of Interest. 

z April, ISSi. 
Tad* aaderwrfctten at* to ♦•#> u»a9|w>rted to Hew England, unbar 
la the Plaour. S fcaola* Frartee, If ' bound thither, the partlee 
from the Minister of Si. Albans in Hertfo 
n the JuaUoe* of peace according to the Lord's order* 
George Gfddhts, basbaodmsu* 2$ year*. 
Jane Giddlas, ears. 

Thorn** Carter Si) 

Mlehaet WUJIaaea JD \ gerra&f* of George Glddlns. 

ttsabetb Morrison 12 ) 

People of the poorer sort fluently l»onnd themselves to 
Tie* do emigrants, and thus secured 

transportation to World- Michael Williamson, whom w« 

may identify with Michael WilUnson, above, aecompanitHl Mr. 

lings to thin town, a* red ft grant of land on 1 

break, and another on Sag {>!L 

We have remarked on the early residence of the Fullers on the 
of the road. On the occasion of a dispute as to 
hOQadi *■( Ita highway, old William Fuller was summoned aa 
witness. tliK t* ia explicit, and suggestive of ueighfa 

« i *se» of the period, 
*- Dec. 13, 1681. William Fuller, seven ty-turee years of age i 
Hampton, testified thia about forty-one years ago, the highway 

1 From ••Oat Ear I j hmlgrwH Kntwmtf 

ttfflffi rsmSlj 



THE OLD ARGJIXA R0AIK 



19 



Chebbaceo was laid out by the lot-layers, and myself being pres- 
ent, four rods wide between my four acre lot at the West end of 
Heart-break Hill, between my lot and Goodman Giddings house 
lot which is now Ensign Burnham's or which was when I was last 
in Ipswich. I was displeased they took so much* I sold to my 
brother John/ 1 

John Fuller, son of William, testified to the same effect, and 
added that there was no laud inclosed between his father and 
Goodman Burnham's. He was thirty- eight years old, 

leg'* meadow. 

Boundary lines were fixed by blaze marks on trees, by stakes 
Mid small heaps of stones, and such convenient natural objects as 
brooks and water* courses. As an inevitable result, boundaries 
were always in dispute, and committees on encroachment on the 
public domain found ample ground for their existence* The road 
to Chebacco was four rods wide by the location of the lot layers, 
but practically it was only a narrow winding wheel- rut, with no 
fence or wall to mark its coarse ♦ This superfluous width was 
turned to good advantage by the thrifty town's folk. On Feb. 10, 
1640/1, the Town voted that * L the hay upon Chebacco waye to- 
ward Labour-in- vain Creek be granted to John Lee this year only/* 



11 the land Itself being settled for a highway, the Town 
: i din it that by like grant, he shall enjoy It, he giving 
no cause to the contrary, It remaining in Towns hand 
to give or not to give." 



Hiving thus affirmed that John Lee shall have no ground for 
any possible future claim to ownership of this four rod strip be- 
cause of his privileges therein, the town proceeded most com- 
placently, and with much of serene satisfaction with this novel 
scheme for highway repair, to vote that the highway to Chebacco 
beneath Heart-break Bill lfc shall forever be repayred by the 
benefit of the grass yearly growing upon the same/' Evidently 
John Lee paid clue heed to keeping the highway in usable condi- 
tion, presumably iinding the arrangement profitable, for the town 
voted repeatedly that he should enjoy all the profits of the high- 
way and **all the common ground Lyeiug at the foot of Heart-break 
Hill/' maintaining the highway from Rocky Hill to William Lamp- 
*ftn*B lot '*and if there be any ground that may conveniently be 



80 



TUB OLU AROILIA ROAD. 



planted be bath liberty to plant it and himself be al- 

ways leaving a sufficient highway Tor carting mid drift/' 

He continued his cure oi ten year 

of Oct, Si, I WO * ordering the surveyors 60 repair the highways 
leading toChcba< - 1 te Neck, makes 1 of **that 

part of the highway that John Leigh hath 1 can.* 1 No ont 

could do this wo g ws* 00 

the Turkey Shore road, on the site of the houses lately bull 1 
the Atkinson Brothers, 1 and lie owned the broad stretch of meadow 
on the south wide of the old road, still known by the older p 
as il Lee*® meadow/' stretching from Low's lane, now Heart I; 
Road, or thereabout, toward the Galbraith farm, and a small I 
of upland on the hillside. 

In March, 1654, « being about seventy years old/* Lee was 
released from Ordinary training, but he lived until 1671. Ilia in- 
ventory recorded that year mentions a 

** pasture by the gate by Serjeant Bu mam's, £2iWM>." 

Further allusion to that gate tfl found in the Ipswich Court Record, 
which has preserved to his posterity that Joseph Lee, son of J< 
was summoned before the Court in 1681, 

■♦ for cumbering the gate it Rocky Hill Bear Ensign Bui - 

We may dismiss so trilling an offence forthwith, but the allusion 
to the gate is no item of interest. The natural inference is 
he obstructed some gate through which there was a pi and 

Hi uuiy venture I step farther and imagine that this was a gate 
or place of passing through the "common fei tied, 

which encircled the town. 

As early as 1637, it was voted that 4t a genera! fence shall be 
made from the end of the Town to Egypt River, also from the 
vast end of the Town, in the way to Jeffries Neck/' and lit 
was granted to fell any trees that maybe needed for this puri 

It was provided in 1639 that, l4 in all common passages, an** 
such ways as lead to particular men'fl lands, raffle i eat gates 
be set up at the charge of t d/* A general or corn 

fence Of this b the Old England road, as app< 

a division of Leigh's sons, pas Heart-break 

< The author <>f "TJii E>e«eaa4aiita oi 90, t« In at 

1 riitdtfirci &d. 



THE OLD AROIM.A HOAP. 



21 



ame down over the Chebaoeo why, Lbem the hvid*, 

OVer Cotttlty Road near (he brook and on to the river. lis location 
was not <juite agreeable to Tboinns Burniun and John Fuller, unci 
they presumed to move it, whereupon the Town sternly ordered, in 
the year 1650, that they should "remove that part of the Common 
fence at the entering of the field at Heart-break HUK to the place 
where it stout I beta 

The Lee or Leigh ownership lends a piquant flavor to this ancient 
low. I n his young manhood, he was of a turbulent and unruly 
temper. In The >lonial Records, we find u April I*, 1634, 

It \h ordered that John Lee shall be whipt ami {fined toff culling 
Mr. Ludlowe f»lse-hearted knave, & hard heart knave, heavy 
friend i&e." 

His vicious tongue and unseemly behavior involved him in fre&h 
difficulties with the magistrates* In October of the same year, 
** It ir as ordered that 

"John Lee shall he fined XL* for speaking rpchfiilly of 
the Gov'r, laying In- w;is but a lawyers clerke, & whut 
understanding had bee more th:m hlmselfe; also taxing 
thr COOft fOI makelng laws to ptlclu mens purses, ns 
also for ■hoaelng a tnayde of Un Gov't*, pre tend lag love 
In Mh j vraj of marriage WQ£H himself professes he hail 

Neither Judge nor Governor was safe from his reviling*, and 
nmnbler neighbor fared e?en worse at his hands. In 1641, 
ki John Lee of Ipswich was accused of stealing the widow Hatfield's 
bible irae tried, found guilty, and sentenced to pay the widow 15' 
for her bible, untl 10" for lying about it/ 1 He was lined for rail- 
ing speeches Eu May, 1660, and in March, 1665, he was fined for 
nipt by non-appearance at Court ; and in his old age, in 
March 27, 16€7, he was "brought before court to answer for 
working in his swamp on Sunday, but brought witnesses to prove 
be was pitting out :i Are, and so was discharged," 

We may well fear thai many a by-passer felt the sting of his 

hat Ins neighbors found him a sad trial, but the re- 

vuniness is mellowed with time, and be still 

figure in the broad meadow, 

Thomas Burn bam en property by the purchase of a ten 

uryport (which was sometime 



** 



THE 0LU AKGILLA ttOAlK 



Jobs Webster's), bounded by Leigh's Land on the east, and hi a 
own wetl. with land of John Fuller between it and the highway. 

• 53 (Jan. 13), " and three acres of William Fuller which 
lay between bit own land and that of John Lee. lately deceased 
when tile dead was drawn in 1671,* and tit bifl >leaih owned about 
tw#!nty~flve acres, 3 which was divided between bifl srms James 
and Thomas, the latter receiving the house and Land adjoining. 4 
John Lee left lw«> son*. ua well, John and Joseph, John sold 
hie brother all hit* interest In the hinds owne«.l by their fell 

ad previously * *m*: I it. three acres of William Fuller, ad join- 

1 nomas Bnmham**. He removed 1 4d thirty 

acre* of meadow and upland to Major Francis Wainwright, I 
£4. 1695.* At this lime it is evident ' was no highway 

tig the Argil la road where the present Lev Heart 

Break Road is* hut the Burnhams and Lees owned the whole tract 

onotiaiy. 
The lirst mention of this lane at this northern end occurs in 

of Samuel Kinsman to George Creightfi «r, of the 

dwelling, boiine. • I four acres of land, the property uow 

owned and occupied by Mr. J. Farley Kinsman, on July 14, IT 
Sumuel was the son of John Kinsman, who in night much oi 
estate of James Burnham, who received it from his father, Jai 
Creighton sold to Michael Kinsman, April 21, 17ti5, s and his beire 
sold to Joseph Kinsman, grandfather of the present owner, Jan. 
81. I The old barn by the roadside bears the date 1 

and was built, evidently, in the year following his purchase. The 
pre* n was built near the same date. Joseph Kinsman 

enlarged his modest property in i*x~>, by purchasing the 
field on the coiner of the lane of Geo. \V\ I lean I. It 
4 *Lee%* M< "d, 10 which fttrtb 

en bound is on land formerly of Nathaniel Cogswell, 
of the original Lee's Meadow wer 
Jonathan Wade at his death about 1 74 9 , ! ' His grandson, 
Nathaniel Cogswell of Kowley, inherited most of his estate, 
bis son, Northend Cogswell, of South Berwick, sold 

• Ipiwtcli Deeds, rv. 

•l|»««rtcb 0©#O~ tittl. 



TIlK OLD ARGILLA ROAD. 



2& 



estimated as containing sixteen acres, to John Heard in 182S.* 
Increase H. Brown, of Marblehead. bought it of Thomas Brown 
and sold it to George Haskell in 18M. 3 

THE FORT* ACKKS. 

The farm, now owned and occupied by Mr. John Galbraitb, was 

uu'tii'il by Mr, Frederic Bray, and previously by Dr. John Man- 
ning, who bought twenty-five acres here of Dr. Joseph Manning 
of Salem, in 1834,* and erected tbe buildings. The deed recites 
that it was part of tbe estate of John Appleton, deceased* John 
Appleton acquired some thirty acres by a succession of small pur- 
chases from John Board man, Jacob Board man, John Kinsman and 
Nath. Cogswell, and »t is specified in several of the transfers that 
tbe lota were part of the "'forty acres so called, 1 ' a designation 
which is still remembered by tbe old people. 

iiiuel Rogers, son of tbe Rev. Nathaniel Rogers, received as 

of his share of the parental estate, "forty acres, adjoining 

Mr. Wade, Mr, Saltinetall and Joseph Lee, 1684/'* I think this is 

same property, as Mr. Wade owned the land on the east in 

1097*" and Mr. Nathaniel Rogers owned land immediately oppo- 

Mi\ Rogers was probably the original owner. 



A Hi! ILL A FARM. 

The land and marsh on the east Bide of the Labour-in-vain Greek, 

far as the road known as the •' North gate road/* 

were John Winthrop's three hundred acre farm, granted him in 

1694. His title to the farm was beyond dispute and it redounds 

to his <i edit that he subsequently made terms with the Indian saga- 

, whose dominions had been invaded by the English, The 

original document, by which tbe Indian transferred the land (<> 

WintUrop is reproduced in a Sketch of John Winthroptbe Younger* 6 

This doth testify that I Maskonomet did give to M r John 

Winthrop all that ground that is betweene tbe creeke coinoly called 

otir in Vaine creeke & the creeke called Chybacko Creeke, for 

w* h I *to have received full satisfaction in wam- 

& other thin I t doe heerby also for the sume of 



|», «'.N> T»|. 
II 



5 . 140. 
* K*ae? Co, Dtreds, 12: ](L 

tjf, vn. 



24 TUB. OLD ARGILLA ROAD. 

twenty pounds to be paid unto me by the said John. Wintbrop, I 
doe fully resigne up all my right of the whole towne of Ipsw ch as 
farre as the bounds thereof shall goe, all the woods, meadowes, 
pastures & broken up grounds, unto the said John Wintbrop in 
the name of the rest of the English there planted, and I doe bind 
my selfe to make it cleere from the claimes of any other Indians 
whatsoever. 

Maskonomett — his marke 

Witnesses to this : 

Gyles Ffyrmin 

Adam Wintbrop 

Hugh Hilliard 

his marke 

Deane Wintbrop 

A subsequent deed dated 28 June, 1638, states that the money 
bad been paid. In 1637, he conveyed it to Samuel Symonds, 
who became Deputy-Governor of the Colony, and was an eminent 
Judge and man of affairs. When Mr. Symonds bought it there 
were no buildings, and his first care was to erect a house for him- 
self. He gave such minute directions to Mr. Winthrop, who as- 
sumed charge of the building, and the letter is so characteristic 
of the man and the times, that I append a considerable portion 
of it. 

To John Wintbrop Jr. 

To the' Right Worshipfull his much honored brother, John Wenthrop 
of Ipswich, Esqr. Speed this I pray. 
Good Sir: 

I have received your lettre, I thanke you for it, it hath bin my earnest 
desire to have had an oportunity longe ere this to have bene with you 
againe, but was hindered by the weather .... 

Concerneiuge the bargaine that I have made with you for Argtlla, my 
wife is well content, & it seems that my father Peter 1 hath imparted it to 
the Governor, who (he tells me) approves of it very well, alsoe soe I hope 
I shall now ineete with noe rub in that businesse ; but go on comf ortablely 
accordeiug as I have & daily doe dispose my affaires for Ipswich. 

Concemeinge the frame of the howse, I thanke you kindely for your 
love & care to further my busines. I could be well content to leave much 
of the contrivance to your owne liberty vpon what we have talked to- 
gether about it already. 

» Rev. Hugh Peter of Salem, who married Elizabeth, widow of Edmund 
mother of Martha, the second wife of Symonds. 



IIM OLD A 10 ♦MX A 



25 



I nin indifereut whether it be 30 foote or B6 foote Umge, 16 or 18 foote 
hroade. I would have wood ehimnyea at eaeh end, the frames of tin 
ohlmnjfei to he stronger thru ordinary to beare good heavy load of clay 
for security against fire, Yon may let thechimnyes be all the breadth of 
the bowse If you think*- gOOdj the 2 lower dores tC be in the middle of 
the bowse one opposite to the other, lie sure that all the dorewalea in 
place he soe high that any man may goe vpright under. The staiera 
1 tbinke bad beat be placed Close l>y the dore. It makes no great matter 
Ihoogh there be Boc pariicion vpon the ilrst Ooore; if there be, make One 
biger then the other. Fur wiudowe* let them not be over large Id any 
ri'HiM, a as few a^ omv+e.if Tilly may be; let all have current shutting 
<lra w* window* ^ having reaped both to present & future m 

I think to make II I girl bowse will make It more chargeable then neeJ.- 

tin second itOfJ being to be Inaden with 

COftie tic mminol lie pinned on, hut miher evther u.lii> 

Off borne vp with false ituddi -*oe tenanted in at the ends. I leave it to 

and Use etrpenter*. In this si my over the Aral, i would have a 

par tfclOB, whether in the mtddesl of over the purticion wider, I leave it. 

In the »t\T rtiriou bnt let there be one or two Income windowed, 

both on ww side. I desire to imve the sparrs reach downe pretty 

ihe wails tie* better from the wether, I 

would have \\ sellered all over* antl soe the frame of the howse accord. - 

Lugly troiu tin- bottom. I would have the howse st rouge hi timber 

though i^irutu ,ihi tvi ■!! braaed. i would have Hoovered with very jjoimI 

liurt Inch board, for the present to be tucked on oncly for the pres* 

M you ton Id nie. Let the frame begin from the bottom of the seller, 

In the ■ i> aprtgntfor 1 can hereafter (to save the ttni- 

mnde) run vp a thin brick work without. I think tt lust 

to have the walls without to be all clap boarded besides the clay walls. 

dorewav ortWO within the seller, thai 104 

i' r one may make coinings In from without, & let them he both 

rpon which the Income window or windows be, I desire to 

uowse io > ■ Imrgaineiug to be as corapleatly mentioned in 

particulars as may be, ut least so far as you bargaine for, & as speedily 
done ulsoe an yon tan, 1 thinfce it not best to hears too much Umber ' 
place westward etc Here are as many re membrane* 
I desire you to be in my stead herein, & nhat etier you 
•lease me. 
l desire you won: ith Mr. Borensao & with his helpc buy for 

lis of good Indian corne of him or of »ome hon~ 
for now in ready money I to he delluered at anytime 
In the sumer as 1 please to vse it, [ would deale with SttCh a man as will 
as I will not If it fall. Thus acknowledging my 
resent our respect! all love toyott, tnj 
run forgetting my daughter, I cease, committing you to 









M 



TIES OLD A RON. LA ROAD. 



A lengthy post- I which is omitted bei 

letter l*ars naa written, evidently, soon after tb 

purchase of the Argilla farm* as it was culled even in Whitlirop's 
time, sometime before the spring of 1688J Its quaint and lai 
phrasing does not obscure I he meaning. We can see the stoat 
farm hoi overhanging eaves, and sin nil oblong 

dows t with clapboarded sides, and roof of inch oak boards, 
chimneys* one at either end, built with wooden splints 
daubed with clay, standing in a clearing* wbic -i tided bv 

the natural forest on the west, only a little way from the >i 
Exceptional interest attaches ro his remark about k * the side hear- 

I in to tin- studs " or eti 
with extra studs, and not simply pinned on to the studs Tli 
precisely the style of architecture of the ancient Whipple House, 
latel j tl by the Historical Society, in the most ancli 

which has proved a puzzle to architects, who have examine- 1 it 
The studn reach From ail) to piste and the girths are let in to the 
- on the inner sale and pinned to them. This may indicate 
that this portion of the bouse may have been built not far froi] 
the time of the Argilhi farm house* 

It indicates as well that the earliest houses had two chimneys, 
which is confirmed by other incidental allusions I have seen, with 
. d to other houses, and that the single chimney-stack of boge 
proportions was probably resorted to, when building could be done 
with more leisure and greater facility. In tl) 
bricks are all m led to, and they were evidently in use at this 
[" i Eod. 

Here, In the wilderness, nwt this lonely farm house, the only 
dwelling probably in this whole region. Its exact site is iij 
ii ancient cellar ta known to have fo ted on n 

to! i he present house, and si 
hundred feet. away. Another house once stood a little to 
of th 

Heir I In' good Q I IBOnj 

restful days when he co a Id if bis oftl- 

einl life. He had a town bOliatl witJi liner acres of lai 

nary bun 

-• , aw his hit. 

a red, and in 4 



Tills: OLD ARGILLA ROAD. 



27 



the General Court voted that a guard of two soldiers should be 
stationed here at public expense, to guard his house, because it 
was so remote from neighbors, and he was so much in the coun- 
try's service. 

In his old age, the Deputy Governor sold a piece of his farm to 
Edward Bragg* The deed * was drawn, April 21, 1676, and de< 
scribes a nine-acre lot, with a barn and other buildings, which 
4 * nbuttetb toward the east and South upon my farme called Ar- 
gil la, & upon Mr. Sal ton stall's meadow toward the East, upon I he 
■■f Mr Samuel Holers toward the North, and upon the 
ground of the sayd Mr. Rogers and of the said Edward Bragg 
nl the West." Also k *all that parcel of land (four acres and 
a half) lying between the farme of (he B*yd Sunmell and the p 
ent common ground of Ipswich, y r abutteth upon an orchard of 
sayd Edward Bragg *s toward the north and upon part of niy 
farm towards the Smith ; and it is the full meaning of both parties 
that the way Leading to and from the farm aforesayd called Argills 
tV ]uy house erected then.-upon. Hip mil: h Edward Bragg's yard be 

continued free forever that way is not intended by the 

i free as a common highway for all men, but particularly be- 
longing to Argilla," 

It appeaiB from this that he sold Bragg, land that lay between 
n(i the highway, reserving a way to his house 
across it. In old deeds of division of a century ago, frequent 
allusion is made to a lane, then called Caldwell's lane, which waa 
forty-five rods from the bridge over the creek. This makes it co- 
incident with an old road, that leaves the road ou the west side of 
Mr, Aldeti Story's residence, and leads over the old causeway to the 
knoll, whrie the ancient cellar has been lilletL In all probability 
ttii* was Hm: way Mr Symonds reserved, and his house stood over 
this old cellar, on Tin- knoll, beyond the causeway. 

He died on October, l&7H t while in Boston, and was buried 

there < He left a widow and sons, HariakendSiie and William, and 

six married daughters. The h divided among them, but 

Baker of Tops field, who had married Priscilla, one 

Syznonda 1 daughters, began to buy from the other heirs. 

of these deeds, supplemented with later partitions and 

a century of the Baker ownership, 

.natures and seals, bus been preserved, and ha? 

> 3 i 



'JH THE OLD ABGILLA ROAD. 

lately been given by Mr. John B. Brown to the Historical Society. 
Baker bought the interest of Symonds Epes, Jau. 10, 1694—5, 
that of Harlakenden Symonds. Feb. 4, 1695-6. The heirs of 
William Symonds gave a quitclaim on July 25, 1717. John 
Baker, son of Thomas, succeeded to the ownership. Joseph, 
Jacob and Philip Fowler quitclaimed to him. March 2, 1720. 
Timothy Bragg sold seven acres and ninety rods of the land, pre- 
viously within the farm. Feb. 1. 1723-4. and Thomas Berry. 
attorney for the Saltonstall heirs, sold him a tract of upland and 
«filt rnarrih. abutting on Labour in -vain-Creek, Dec. 12: 1730. 

The whole western portiou of the original Argil la farm seems 
thus to have come into the possession of John Baker. Colonel 
Baker died Aug. 1. 1734. aged forty-four, and left the farm to his 
.*on John. The latter became a man of large influence and great 
public usefulness. He was Town Clerk for many years, one of 
the Committee uf Correspondence and Inspection during the Rev- 
olution. Colonel of a regiment, feoffee of the Grammar School, 
and Justice of the Sessions Court, and not least of all, father of 
twelve children. His town residence was the substantial dwelling 
on the Heard properly, facing the South Green, now occupied by 
Mr. Charles M. Kelly. 

In the partition of the estate in 1786, the widow received " the 
southwest end of the mansion in town," and two acres near the 
house. •* from the house- block southwest by the street, etc," with 
the southwest end of the house at the farm with 33 rods of land 
hounding on Caldwell's lane four rods and twenty links, and other 
lands. John received twenty-five and one half acres in **the great 
pasture," lxmnded by •• the highway to the Town "and** the high- 
way leadiuir from Cape Ann to Castle Hill," with other lands, in- 
cluding Kugle Nest Island. Allen Baker received fifteen acres 
fronting on the highway, about forty-five rods from Labour-in- vain 
Bridge to Caldwell'.* lane, with the northeast end of the farm bouse 
and the new barn, with other laud. 

After their mother's death in 17117 John received *• one acre at 
the North corner of the close, so called, beginning at the north 
corner of John's new dwelling house." aud Allen, the west end of 
the old dwelling house, etc.. ki with all the privilidges to sd lane 
(Caldwell's) which l>elong to sd. Argilla farm." The * 4 new dwel- 
ling house," of John Baker is now owned and occupied by Mr 
Aklen Story. Allen Baker built the substantial hip-roofed b 



TIH; OLD ARG1LLA ROAD. 



29 



ar by early in the present century. The Allen Bakn 
ttae was purchased by Mr. Ephraim Brown and inherited 
by bis son Thomas, whose widow ami son own and occupy the his- 
toric spot t<>-day. 

JONATHAN WALK'S GRAKT. 

The next farm in the earliest period was Jonathan Wade's. He 
vt'd a grant in lt)34' of "two hundred acres at Cheboko, 
haveing Mr. Winthrop's farm on the northwest, Mr. .Samuel Dud- 
ley's northeast* and a ereeke called Che ba ceo Creek e on the South- 
* On April 1, 1654, he made an *• indenture" to Henry Beu- 
net of *' his farm called and known by the name of said Wade, his 
farm, Mid given him by ye town of Ipswich/' It was bounded 
by land of Mr. Samuel Symouds on the north* the land of Mr. Sal- 
tons tall on the east, and of Mr. Rogers on the west, and a creek 
hi Hie *<mth containing about tiro hundred acres with houses, etc. 4 
Henry Bennet sold the farm, now called Bennett farm, to Col. 
John Wainwright for £800 in 1697, March H. 3 Its bounds are 
as lie fore except that ft is specified that Major Saltingstairs farm 
is ** now in ye tenure of lsaack Fellows," two hundred acres with 
dwelling houses, burns, etc. 

The Wain wrights were of an illustrious family* The first of 

the name* Francis, was a soldier in the IVimot war and afterward 

i wealthy merchant. He bought thirty acres of the John Lee 

i, as has been mentioned* His son John, who bought the 

ennet farm, was a prosperous merchant, a colonel of a regiment, 

justice of the Sessions Court He died in 1708, in his 60th 

JUT, and his sons John and Francis received the farm, John at- 

d wealth, honor and influence. He was representative from 

1720 to 1738, Clerk of the House eight years, and was always a 
conspicuous figure in public affairs. He was Town Clerk, Justice 
and Colonel as his father had been before him. 

In 1753* (Feb. 1}, Colonel John Wainwright, Mary his wife, 
and his mother, Christian, sold sixty- five acres, 4 * reaching to the 
Great Creek," to Pelatiah Kinsman, In March, 1754, 5 Mr. Kins- 
man bought forty- three acres more, with a dwelling house and 
uti, bounded by John Day's land and Francis Wain wri gat's. 



Town Record*. 
*lp*^ I ::* 



■JBlMX U0„ Dfltdl, 12 m. 
ftfiMfclOfe. Deed*. 10 1 



THE OLD AKOIMJt ROAh. 

h» domain jet farther in 176S ■ by the purchase 
soother tnct, *• beginning near the North Gate by the road/* *l*o 
*♦ a piec* of orcharding contain I n% three-quarters of an 
bounded at John Day's line, westerly about nine rods, etc," in all 
containing seventy-eight acres. The Wain mights all had real 
deuces on East Street, and their farm properties were OCX 
by their tenants. But Felatiab Kinsman was a true son of the 
noil* a direct descendant of the famous Quartermaster Rober 
who figured so grandly with Rev, John Wise and the others in -re- 
sisting tbt Andros tax. Hie eon* Aaron, succeeded and btfl 
Aaron, hale and hearty v In his 97th year, has lived and toiled al 
hie long life on this broad and sightly domain. 

DCtfLKT-S ALTON STALL WARM* 

When Jonathan Wade's farm was granted in 1634, the farti 
that bounded his on the northeast was owned by Ah 
Dudley. When he sold to Bennett in 1654, it was owneii 
Richard Sal ton stall, though occupied by Isaac and William Fel* 
lows, Mr. Saltonstall was* the foremost citizen of his time in 
many respects, of noble birth, of great wealth, of preeminent 
distinction in political affairs, but his residence in our town was 
ahort and the majority of his best years was spent in Engine 
< >u the occasion of the marriage of his son Nathaniel, then rasid 
ing in Haverhill, with Elizabeth, daughter of Rev. John Ward of 
Haverhill, and granddaughter of Rev. Nathaniel Ward of [pa* 
wich, in 1664, he conveyed to his son, with other lands, the far* 
at < '.'iiehiicco. tig about one hundred and fifty acres.- 

April S, 1781,* Thomas Berry, attorney for the heirs of Nathan* 
iel Saltonstall, sold to Rev. Nathaniel Rogers, the farm common I \ 
known as Day's farm, oca John Day, in Little I 

for £1850. 

Mr. Rogers was the paatoi of the Ipswich Church, the so- 
Reverend John Rogers, who wag also pastor of the church all hi* 
Hfe, grandson of Rev, John Rogers, Pre >f Harvard College 

anil andlOQ ol the first emigrant, Nathaniel, pastor 

16S£. He tamed his bargain to excellent advantage, by dh 
the original farm into rwo, making the highway to Castle H 

* ii - 



INK OLD ARGILLA KQAD. 



3i 



dividing line. In earlier times, it is evident that tins was only a 
cartway through the farms, with gates and bars at tbe dividing 
walls or fences of each farm ; and in tbe following century, remem- 
brance remains of the great grandmother of the late Manasseh 
Brown going to town from the Argilla Farm, when the road was 
only a dim track through the woods. She used to say that she 
could cover with her apron, tbe sapling oak, which still survives 
by the Hath Spring, a gnarled and misshapen wreck. Fifty years 
ago the owner of the land it occupied resolved to cat it down, and 
it was saved by an appeal to the County Commissioners to change 
the line of the road to include it in the public domain. 

The eighty -four acre tract on the southeast side of the road with 
the dwelling and barn, the worthy minister sold to John Day, the 
occupant, for £1636- 10s. on April 9, 1733. The deed 1 mentions 
a cartway reserved, through the upland > and " the gravelly nole 
in :ir where the school-house now stands.*' He kept the other part 
nine years and then sold it for £1250* to Stephen Smith, 5 except- 
ing the way from Colonel Den toon's farm to the road or way lead- 
ing to Castle Hill* John Day bequeathed hi* farm to his sons, 
lauiel sold his half to Abner, Jr., a worthy man. Deacon for 
many years of the South Church, 3 and he deeded 4 to his son John, 
in 1814, one undivided half of three undivided quarters of the 
farm, 44 that my grandfather purchased of Rev Nath. Rogers*" 
It was owned later by Asn Stone, and is still the property of his 
heirs* The old farm house stood very near the site of the pres- 
ent dwelling. 

l>EN!SON*S FARM. 

The pedigree of the breezy hill top farm, now occupied by Mr. 
Herman H. Story, begins with the grant of 150 acres to Daniel 
Deuiaon, the soldier of the town, whose skill in military affairs 
was so great that he became the commander-in-chief of the colo- 
nial forces. Mis townsmen had such supreme appreciation of hU 
value as a leader in the stormy times, when Indian assaults were 
always dreaded, that £24-7& was raised by popular subscription 
annually for many years, A most pretentious man, withal, very 
proud of his dignity as civil magistrate and local aristocrat* 
Record remains of I most unseemly dispute between the pompom 



»K»- 



R Co, Deed*, W 285. 
♦Eiscx Co. Deeds, 204:260, June 2fl, 1§1J, 



52 



rHK OLD AKG1LLA KOAh. 



■oMter an gentle hq-m >rl«r 

between their lands* It culminated in an open quarrel over a load 
of hay, and the common people enjoyed the delectable -sight of a 
miir-iit-law between the two foratnoal men, whic l in a 

kindly grant of the Town to Mr. Kyinonds to make good what lie 
relinquished to pacify hi* overbearing w 

It continued in the Denison r?uiiily a hundred years and rn 
John DenUon Bold in 1713' (Sept* 21), to Fran* veil, Tan- 

l« full two-thirds part of ye farm called I ten 
whereon 1 said Francifl now live, containing about one hundred 
and thirty -eight acres — -bounded northeast hy Jacob Smith's land, 
Bpbeti Smith's land,'* etc, 
Francis < ogawell bequeathed his wife Elisabeth the use and im- 
prov one*balf his real estate, but gave all bis real estate 

to hi nob.* Ilts inventory"' includes 44 a i I 

of velvet brttcln Iw watch 106s, Hd. 

«;s, Mil, 2 ffiggth 5b. 
a negro boy culled Cato £8& ta, id. 

i lie wsb( er Deborab & boat & all appnrtenai 

the old HiLoouer Dolphin *v boat A all appurtenances, £6 6- 1& 
The stalely Krauein with wig and wutcb, blue jacket and velvet 
ie extreme of the social scale of that day, 
the Mack slave boy Cato, the other. The old Denison f 
Tiutu- to be occupied by people that interest us, but no figm. 

tracts us more to-day than tin \ ble chattel, clattering down 

from Town horseback and np through the lane t<> the lull top i 
The -u'eond Kranris' remembered bis wife IClizabeth with **n 
uourning after my decease," and his sons Francis 
and Joseph with his real The thin I Francis 8 left a wife 

and two sons Francis and Joseph, to whom 
divided In 1793, and Joseph* died in 1791, aud his half of th< 
loued feohii bain, Ebenezer and Joseph. The 
I Joeeph, succeeded, and Ebenezer*s sons 
aud Joseph owned and occupied the estate for many years. 



NATHANIEL WARl/g ft 

The Deniaon farm on the hill-top was bounded by .Mi 

1r , IT. * 1*3 

• 40, Kfb.25 1TW. » r« 



THE OLD ARG1LLA Rc*AD, 






land on the northeast. We may regret that the location is so 
vague, and allusion to it so rare, for Mr. Ward was a grand 
figure in the early days. Rev. Nathaniel Ward, as he is better 
known, was the first Pastor of the struggling church, a roan who 
bid touted hardship in common with his Puritan brethren id 
England, who found poverty and sickness and trouble in the new 
life here, but who did grand work in foundation laying for the 
new commonwealth* One very affecting incident in his history is 
the letter he wrote to John Winthrop, Jr., about the year 1635. 
In the postscript, he writes, 

I M I heare Mr. Coddington hath the sale & dlsposaU of 
much provision come hi this shlpp* I Intreatc you to do 
so much as to speake to him in my name to reserve some 
meale & malt & what victuals els he thinks tueete, tilt 
our River be open; oar Church will pnv him dnely for It* 
I am very destitute, I have not above 6 busliells come 
left & other things answerable.** 
I incline to identify the Ward farm with the north em part of 
the Charles Smith or John Lowe farm, though it may be included 
in the farm, known as the Randall Andrews farm. What pathetic 
interest attaches to the land, which was planted and watched with 
anxious care, from early springtime to the glad harvest by the 
poverty-stricken minister, who prayed and toiled that his harvest 
mii^ht he ample to secure him against another experience of such 
pinching want ! 






BISHOP-WKLLS-TILTON FARM. 

The land now included in the Charles Smith and adjoining farms 
was owned at a very early date by Thomas Bishop, who sold 80 
acres upland and meadow to Thomas Wells in 1644. 1 Matthias 
Button sold Wells 13 acres upland and meadow, bounded by 
widow Lumpkin's farm at Sagamore Hill, in the same year.* Dea. 
Symond Stone of Water town, who had taken Sarah, Richard Lum- 
kyn's widow, to wife, sold Mr. Wells forty acres more in 1654. 3, 

Sagamore Hill was originally apportioned in small tillage lots to 
I considerable number of owners, as we have seen already in the 
case of Heart-break I! ill* No record of sale remains, but it is 
evident that in a few years they were absorbed into the Lnmkyo 
and adjoining farms. 









WlCh DetHJa, 1 : 415. 



u 



OLD kWtmXA *OAD. 



> Weils Ic ft two son*, Thomas and Nathaniel* Thoi 
m portion to his brother, in 1$6V and the 
grm Ikt •oath and southeast bound on land of Samuel 
T¥» Rogers' bod is located by the deed of *aie of Dank 
Wj Mr* Ommael Rogers, for £240. of faU house, bams, oat-hous 
****, aad ftftj acres of land " at a place eomonly called Cnebacko, 
the ta#4 of Mr. John Rogers & Thomas Wells toward north & 
aortb~west, land* of Major Dentson and Mr. Saitoostall's farm 
toward the west, other laud of said Samuel and a great creek 
toward the sooth an : Jan- 24, 1664V 9 

This may be identified with probable accuracy with the fields on 
the south aide of the highway, oearl y opposite the d welling of M rs, 
Charles Smith, where an old cellar and well, and traces of otiic 
IrwMff are still visible, and Indicate the spot where, we mmy pr 
•ome, the ancient farm be stood. Mrs. Martha Re 

widow of Mr. John Sogers, sol- 1 a property for £246 to Natbmnk 
WrIU in 1695, a bouse, bam and forty acres, which is bounded 
•obsiantraUy aa the precediug and may be identified with 

Thomas Wells sold Abraham Tilton Jr., his farm, described as 
**part of ye famie which my brother bought of ye relict ol 
John Rogers, & part of ye farm of aforesaid father Xathank 
Wells, deceased/' sixty acres, in 1T06, 4 and Nathaniel Welia sold 
TlltOQ some sixteen acres more in 1709,* Abraham Tilton gav 
hi» son, Daniel, a three- a ere lot, on which Daniel had his residence, 
/ which Daniel sold back to his father in 1787.* 

Part of the Wells farm continued in the Wells line until 180t>, 
when Nathaniel Wells sold to Oliver Cogswell,* who built the hoiis 
now standing, about 1815. It was purchased ani led fc 

years by Mr. Man ass eh Brown, owned later by the late / 
Story, and now by Dr. J, L. GrOOdale, Th. ierof the far 

passed into other hands. Abraham Tilton conveyed one half hi* 
farm to his son Abraham, the northeast part, iuclui 
acres in 1737;* and in 171 1, 1 , and others sold Jacofc 

tb about one huudn with buildings, *' lately ownc 

and possessed by our Hon' 1 . Father, Mr, Ab m . Tilton Gentleman, 1 
including land on both sides the road, l *only excepting and 



1 Iptwtch Dc < 












*E«» 






• L«wrk Co* [*«ctl-, SO: l>. 






• E**mxCxy. Di 







THE OLD ARGUXA E0AD. 






hig the road leading to Castle Hill, tbe mad or way leading to Em- 
erson farm 1 (so called) now owned by John Choate, Esq,, also 
, a way or pmilege of passing over the south side of said farm, 
heretofore reserved by Mr, John Rogers and after by Mr. T 
Wells, deceased." 

It is interesting to note that, in the middle of the last century, 
the highway to Castle Hill was so ill defined that there was need 
©f reserving to the public their right of way, in this deed, 

I Moses Wells sold Smith several lots in 1773. 3 Jacob Smith 
bequeathed his large estate to the three sons of his kinsman, 
Adam Smith, Joshua, Asa and Bemsleyv' It included M two man- 
tfon houses," with barn, etc/ 
Joshua received tbe farm which he bequeathed in turn to his 
son Joshua, and he to bis son Charles, whose widow and family 
still retain it, As:i Smith came into possession of the pflrt now 
owned and occupied by Mr. John Burnhnm. He sold Hepzibah 
Day, wife of John Day Jr., twenty acres, * 4 at the corner of a stone 
wall and road or way leading to Cogswell's farm, near the southerly 
end of the house lately the property of Adam Smith, deceased."* 
This establishes the pedigree of the old house, still standing 
under its rugged old tree, now owned by Mr. Asa R. Brown. It 
was built by Stephen Smith, who bought the land in 1742, and 
was bequeathed to his sons, Adam and Zehulon, 6 The bouse it 
self with a small piece of laud was sold to John Day Jr. by Asa 
Smith, by a deed of the same date as above. 7 The eastern or 
northeastern part of the old Tilton farm, which was sold to Daniel, 
came into the possession of David Tilton, aud at his decease, Ab- 
ner Pay bought the interest of several heirs. 

I The deed of Zc bulon and Ami Smith So Abner Day of one 
undivided fourth part of tbe widow** thirds of the estate of David 
Tilton describes the westerly end of the dwelling house, with the 
close or orchard before the bar u, the forctield containing three and 
three- fourths acres, ** also the herbage in the lane leading to Fox 
Point lane, from the road to the house/' Nov* 5, 1802. 8 

torn* *0 called, now owned uy Mr. Gardiner A. Brou a 
231. 

121. 
o< I'rob&te Kccortlfi, ftJOrtOS. 
I. U 



36 



THE OLD ARGJLLA ROAl*. 



Back of the Caverly farm bouse is a lane with stone wall 
each side, which terminates nt a level and sightly spot on the bill 
aide. An immense willow tree stands near an ancient cellar. He 
stood f within the remembrance of Mr, Aaron Kinsman, a venera- 
ble house, known in bis boyhood ad the Til ton house. It was the 
old borne of the Til tons, of whom we have been writing. The 
Caverly property then owned by the heirs of Samuel Wainwri^hf, 
son of John Wain Wright, was conveyed to John Patch by John 
Winthrop, given by him to Cnpt, Tristram Brown, who built the 
at house, bought by Mr. David Story, and then by Mr, 
Caverly, It i» said that Daniel Webster frequently came to this 
house for his lodging, while be enjoyed the gunning on beach 
and marshes* 

A little way beyond the by-road to the Sagamore cottages on 
the slope of Sagamore Hill, a bridge crosses the ancient canaL Aa 
early as 1652 a move was made toward cutting a passage way for 
boats through the marshes, from Ipswich River to the River of 
Cuebacco, to avoid the long and sometimes dangerous passage 
by the mouth of the river. In that year the town voted : — 

11 Granted Thomas Clark and Replant Foster, that 
when they shall have cut through a passage from this 
river into Chebscco river, of ten feet wide and soe deepe 
as a lighter may pass through laden, and to make a ford 
and foot-bridge over, that then the town have given unto 
them £10 towards said passage/ 1 

Evidently the canal was not completed, as in 1682 it \ 

i ■ Granted to any one of the inhabitants to perfect cutting 
the cut, that comes up to Mr. Eppes' bridge, if they will 
submit to the selectmen yearly the aetllng of the toll for 
those who pass through aad who do not help cut U." 

But still the work was incomplete, and in 1694 it 
m Q ranted that such persons of Ipswich as will may hare 
liberty to cut the cut through on the hither sldeof Castle 
Keck; and if any pass through, who do not help do it, 
they shall pay for a passage as the selectmen set the 
price;" 

•'■ Whoever will cut the cut through the marsh i»y Mr 
Eppes sufficient for boats to pass through laden, shall 
ha v e II be r t.y . Such aa pay about 5 * toward s do! ug It ahal t 
pass free. Such as pay nothing *hall he charged 3d In 
money for a cord of wood or \m *r ton of 01 

load, 



Till- "Mi ARdlLLA HOtll- 



87 






Despite these liberal terms no one seems to have bail enterprise 
or capita) to complete the work, and it w:is not till 18*20 that a 
stock company was formed, which dug a navigable canal from Fox 
Creek to Chebacco or Essex River, Felt says that 81100 was 
expended, but the tolls on traffic irera wrfBcfenl to [my nearly six 
pet i -1'iit OB tl'ie investment* Much >hip timber was brought down 
the Merfimac* through Parker rivet and the canal for the Essex 
ship yards. 

Felt, reooldfl the tariff rates m J ■* Oak timber seventeen cents and 
pine fourteen cents a ton. Oak sawn stuff of an inch thick, forty 
GUI! If., and of other thicknesses in proportion. Pine lawn stuff 
of one inch thick, thirty cents M. ; hard wood thirty cents and 
pine twenty cents a conl. Hogshead staves seventy-fivr cents, 
and hand staves forty cents M. Hogshead hoop-poles one dollar, 
and barrel hoop-poles seventy-five cent* M. Clapboards, forty 
cents, and shingles ten cents M. Each light gondola five cents, 
and every ton of loading fifteen cents/' 

The ancient cooperage industry and the commerce with the 
West Indies, which made business fur the old caual t have long 
since dfaapp4ared, and the railroad furnishes more expeditious 
means of transport for building material, Only aa occasional 
gondola laden with salt liny now floats up the canal with the tide. 

Crossing the bridge we stand on Castle Neck, a broad expanse 
of hill*, islands and beaches, picturesque with its sand dunes and 
marshes, in the early times well wooded, a choice and coveted re- 
gion from the earliest times. 

** At a DMettefe boulctea the 5 day of January itiJH ytt 
was ordered 

11 Tnnt tlie Neck of Land whenreiippon the great Hill 

standi th, WCil la known by the nana of ike Castle IU11. 

lyeinge on the other side of this River towards the Sea, 

[ rein ii y ne unto the cotnon use of the Towne forever/* 1 

A few years later there were sundry disquieting rumors to the 
effect that John Wlothrop, Jr., was meditating a change of resi- 
dence, and it limy have been intended as a lure to keep him loyal 
to the town he had founded that, in "1637 (Jan. 13th), there was 
M granted to Mr, John Winthorpe Castle Hill and all the meadow 
and marsh lying wilhiu the creeke, provided y he lives in the 
Towne, and that the Towne may have what they shall need for the 
Idingof a Fort.*' 



* lluii't-v uf Ip^wlt h, |k M, 



1 Town ReooriU. 



38 



LI» JtKGfLLA KOAP. 



iithelcss, bd i bis residence about I $39 apparently 

to Salem, mid sold Mr, Samuel Symoud?-. wbq had already 
chased the Argilln farm, one hundred acres of the Castle Hill 
in 1544* and in August, 1645, the remainder. 1 1 
i the validity of the til 

■■u. lie sold in turn to his son-iti law. Daniel 
Epps or Eppea, the whole of Castle Nej and 

marshes, some 300 acres, in 1660, Jan* 23d, 2 Capl Daniel Kpea 
left ii«> xv '11, and bis aetata was divided between his sons 
the rider, irho »ved to § 

Irammar School and ehupUiu in the expedition agaiuM Pot 
Royal iu 1707, and Major Sjmoodf 

Daniel received the homestead called Castle Hill and al 
acres of land M with ■■lling house, out-houe bard, 

ffencea, toeea, Btc< This was ;< dou ta he was the first 

His brother Symoi. onsideration of his single - 

of sd Estate and for ye two hundred and sixteen pounds 
him and due Crow te for dI 

i M the whole Islands, containing aliout one hundtf 
more or leas,"* and part of Caatla Neck and Wigwam Hill, Ful>. 
7, L6: 

house was included iu the purchase whi 
tile l arm, and The old tradition a- to Winthrop's 

ni boose that is yet will remembered niusl l>< d as 

un historic. Gapt. Eppee undoubtedly built the dwelling and made 

his home on the slope of the great HilL The inventory of his 

a we Unlocked farm : 

-Neat catted w ,h hay to wmtet them - t'H't- 0^0 

I J orsea, marcs and colts - - SO — — 

p * - - - - - 10— 0—0 

Swine »•♦*-•- 12 — 10 — <* 

► Two negroes (one aCreepte) - 80— — 0* 

Daniel Epee sold taifl thai to bis brother, 

Major Sy im > s, July 15. 1701, for £600.< Majoi 

a (womb 

and b im 

1714 to 1734. In his fifty- fourth f\ 

a maid of only It titith 



■ 






THE OLD ARGIL LA ROAD. 



39 






year, at the Hamlet, where he o have made bis residence 

leaving two minor children, Samuel ami Elizabeth. His widow 
became the third wife of President Holyoke of Harvard College, 
ami died at Cambridge in her ntn 1 yen, March, 1" 

The whole farm at Castle Neck was bequeathed to his sou Samuel. 
He wis a young man of brilliant promise. He had graduated 
from II nt the age uf seventeen, and was elected a 

represent tiive when bill twenty-five. He had become a major as 
well iu the colonial militia. But he was the victim of consump- 
tion rod <!i* k d at Cambridge in July, 1760, after a lingering efek- 
[oeathed £20 to the South Church for communion 
plate, and two of the cups bear his iminc - 

In flu- ye&l Iwfore his death be sold the ancestral estate, which 
been to the possession of the Epes family for three genera- 
I, and on! irs short of a century* to John Patch the 

third 1 II' iraa ■ w. niliy successor of the illustrious owners of 
the goodly farm»— a man of large wealth, of great public Bpil 
devoted patriot and father of a goodly family of thirteen, but one 
of who: ii vrafl a eon- Felt records that he left at his death twelve 
children, seventy -eight grandchildren and twenty- four great-grand* 
children. The patriarchal head of this great family died on Dec, 
18, 17H9, in bis Titth year, and his v* low survived 

until her ninetieth year, dying on Feb. 8< irti£. 4 

Mr. Patch*! ie great «-statr by the purchase of seven 

acres nt Sagamore Mill, of Thomas Bum hum in I7K4, and iu 1785 

acres on Sagamore Hill from John Winthrop, who held the 

property owned by Samuel Wmnwright, and inherited by him. 5 

reral provision* of his will are of especial interest. To bis 

Abigail, be gave the Impeovemeol of the dwelling* he 

;?upied during tin* time she should remain his widow. u l also 

give to my said wife all my household furniture, my horse and 

ul nil the Provisions n all be in my 

of my deoeasi \ wife the 

t all my silver plate during the term above said, and further* 

i wife len cords of wood, ninety pounds of cheese, 



Li, v. ws. 
• Tin- » 



40 



Tlt£ OLD A KG ILL A ROAD 



fifty pounds of butter, ten bushels of winter apples, four barrels 
of cyder, two hundred pounds of pork, two hundred pounds of 
beef, fifteen bushels of Indian com, six bushels of rye, and sixty 
dollars to Cash year by & every year during the Time she shall 
remain my widow (in lieu of her dower in rny estate)/' 

Jt was the fashion of the time thus to condition the inheritance 
while the widow remained no married, but it was a most unjust and 
unbecoming exercise of authority over a faithful and beloved wife 
iti any case, and singularly exasperating in this, when the wife of 
his youth and the mother of his great, family had id ready attained 
the 76th year of her age when his will was drawn. 

To his son Nfthemiah, Mr. Patch gave that part of the farm 
called the Island, with the buildings* This estate passed to hi* 
son John, and his son John in turn, then into the possession of 
Mr, Aaron Kinsman, by whom it was sold to Dr. E. A. Crockett. 

To his daughter, Mary Lakeman, he gave M the lower farm, t 
raerly called Wigwam Hill,** and it remains in the hands of her 
heirs still* and has been for many years a famous abiding rj 
for summer guests. The Castle Hill farm was apportioned to his 
daughter Elizabeth, wife of Stephen Choate Jr., to whom he g 
Pine Island as well. His grandson, Tristram Brown, received the 
Wainwright property, and lie built the farm buildings now owned 
and occupied by Mr. J* H. Caverly. Four distinct farms were 
thus carved out of the ■* Governor " Patch estate. 

During the Patch ownership, the exciting period of the Revolu- 
tionary War occurred. Remitting the likelihood of an attack by 
sea, a guard of two men wi ned by tfie Town on the Hill in 

May 1775, A Bl <1, and a beacon, and in 

of the appearance of the ^n-my, u flag WAS to be displayed by 
day and a fire* built of tar and other inflammable material to be 
kindled by night. This precaution may have been du< 
Ipswich Fright of the 21st of April, 1775, which JobnG. Whitlier 
depicts very graphically in his kl Miscellanies,** A rumor spread 
through the Town that Uw British IT«t€ holding on the beach. As 
the able bodied men had not retained fWQfl Lexington, and moat 
alarming reports of the cruelty <>( the British regulars in tbu( 
gage me nt bad been noised abroad, the people were pantc-s truck 
and harried from then homes in wild disorder, The alarm spread 
from town to d the whole roiimrv-rdde as far as Haverhill 

And the New Hampshire border betook IteeLf to tlight. Happily 



THE OLD ARGILLA ROAD* 



41 



there was no foundation for the rumor. ** Governor " Patch was 
a privateers man and captured many rich prizes. His son, Nehe- 
miah, was at Ticonderoga, and his descendants still cherish an old 
Queen's arm which he picked up on the battlefield. 

Mr. John Patch, the last of the mime, in his sketch of the old 
farm id the Antiquarian Papers, 1 writes that he saw the old Brit- 
■ Man-of-war La Hague, which lay outside Ipswich bar for 
nearly a week during the war of 1812. He preserved a four 
pound shot which was tired at the house of his grandfather, and 
other cannon halls, which have been ploughed up in the vicinity, 
may have been fired from the same ship* His fattier 4t drove bis 
cattle to Ring's* Island to conceal them, and carried his silver ware 
to his brother's in Hamilton, expecting every day the British 
would land and pillage the place. They did laud on Plmn Island, 
and were capturing an ox for a supply of fresh beef, when Bob 
Pitman, a simple-minded fellows hoirted, " More a coming, more 
a coming ! Capt. Bottom," and they left the ox upon the shore 
.and tied to their boats/' 

Stephen Choate Jr., and hm wife Elizabeth, sold Castle Hill to 
John Patch. Choate.- in ISU, and he transferred it two months 
afterwards to Asa Baker and others. 3 George Baker, heir of 
Asa, ami the other owners, Oliver Apple ton, John Choate and 
Asa Andrews, sold to James Magee of Boston in 181S. 4 Capt. 
Magee, as Mr, Patch remembers, made a large and disastrous 
venture in sheep raising, and after mortgaging the property 
heavily, sold to Widow Margaret Magee of Roxhury, in 1814/ 
who sold in turn to James Baker, in |Kl5. e His heirs sold to 
John Baker S d , in 1831-1832.* In 1843, Mr. Baker sold to 
Manasseb Brown, 1 and his son, Mr. John Burnham Brown, is the 
present proprietor. 

Mr. Brown has made a large outlay with conspicuous taste, 
upon the buildings and the roads upon his estate. Fine laud- 
scape effects have been secured by the planting of trees and shrub- 
bery, und the view of land and sea from the summit of Castle Hill 
is impressive and beautiful. The lighthouse, built to 1637, is 
near at hand, and the white beach. Broad lines of breakers dash 



iti, no, xlih. 

£06. 
Deeda, IffhW, 

• E*eex Co. Deeds, 304 : 134 ; 20i : 133. 



* Ebm \ 00. 'K : 

* fc»a*ae Co. DeeUs, ftftfi 

7 Ehtex Co, Dovd*, 27fi | 1H7 

* E*«ex Co, Deeds, 373 ■ 81. 



42 



THE OLD ARG1LI.A BOAD, 



upon the bar and the sandy shoals, upon which many a stout vea* 
se I has been wrecked, with precious lives of sailors. Plum Island 
stretches away to the north, where Bit. Againentious and the bold 
Boar'fl Head and the dim Isles of Shoals lie, blue and faint 
the horizon. The hills of old Newbury rise beyond the broad ex- 
panse of Great Neck. At our feet, Ipswich River flows out to 
meet the occau. 

Our survey of the his ten t and beautiful road 

wreak a striking permanence of tenure of these goodly farms, 
through the whole length. Geue rat ions of the same family have 
spent their lives in honest toil upon the same broad 
Burn ha ms. neat Rocky Hill, passed their lands from father to son 
for more than two centuries* Mr, J. Farley Kinsman and 
Horace Brown are of the third generation of successive ( > 
of their farms. Mr. PehUiah Kinsman bought of the Wain- 
wrigbte in 1753, and Mr. Aaron Kinsman, his grandson, still occu- 
pies the farm where he was horn, ninety -six years ago. Nine 
generations of this line have dwelt in this neighborhood, or in the 
near vicinity. Jacob Smith settled here in 1741 and his descend- 
ants still Abide on the same *pol, in a substantial dwelling bi 
U is believed , in 175€. The Lakciiians have owned their Bi 
i "anil on old Wigwam II ill for a full century. Days, Well 
Kpeses, Cogswells, Bakers, Tiltons, Patches, and Wainwri 
tarried ban ton booms of years. These families were bound to- 
pet her by frequent it 1 1 u r es, and formed a compact neigh* 

bo r hood of New England Puritans. 

Fur i ci utury and a half, they have been identified almost with** 
out exception, with the South Parish. "A pew in Dr. h 
tneetiog~bOfl*a 9 *' is a freqneut item in the inventories of their 
estates. Sunday after Sunday, in the good old time*, with their 
buxom sons and daughters, a numerous and sturdy brood, they 
filled the square pews in the bare, cold me. ise. No car- 

riage was big enough to carry such fam 

lo see a motley procession winding its way up the oad, 

some on horseback with good wives riding on the pillions beli 
some in ancient chaises, or rumbling farm wagons, and not a few, 
young and active, trudging 

All shared the same round of oodleaa toil. On the smooth 

S, there were prodigies of strength and skill, win inks 

s thing theii fcCytbea *ttd pressed Uu hard. With- 



TBS OLD ARG1LLA ROAD, 



43 



m the low- roofed dwellings, spinning sheets bummed and heavy 
looms boomed! and l>v and by, lung webs of fine linen lay bleach- 
ing on the grass, or rolls of heavy woolen were ready to be 
fashioned into warm suits and heavy coats. There was much nice 
dairy work and not a few forgotten industries. The same thrifty 
iiny was practised, for there were times, which the oldest 
remember, when ■ load of hay was bartered for a barrel of flour. 
Holiday* were Caw. Training days summoned the young men to 
the ranks of the militia in the spring, and the whole admiring 
population greeted them on the Training- fields! and 11 half day on 
the Fourth of July broke the hot round of summer toil. Yet there 
were neighborhood frolics no doubt, apple-bees and corn huskinge 

ud alt manner of ancient merry-makings, wherewith old-fashioned 

boys and girls , and young men and maidens beguiled themselves, 

ifid generous Thanksgiving feasts, when the great families gath- 

:vnd the air was redolent with savory odors escaping from 

the great farm kitchens. The raising of a new house or barn was 

ot'casiun of great good cheer. The good wives quilted the 

inningly contrived patch-work in company, and went helpfully 
to each other's houses in time of sickness or death, or in any 
family emergency. A wedding day, or birth or funeral was an 
event of great magnitude, in which all bad common interest* 

This simple, kindly life hallows these old dwellings* and 

these farms* older than the present dwellings. The less vivid 
but more august memories of the old Argilla men are interwoven 
with the later and simpler remembrances, and lend much dignity. 
U i me reminded T as we pass up and down, of Wiuthrop, alert 
and enterprising, of Symouds, so genial and gentle in his love for 
the Indiana that he wrote he "could go singing to his grave/' if 
they could only be won to Christ, — a large and saintly figure of 
the olden time — of Sal tons tall, conscious of his dignity and hon- 
ored of all; of Denison, the military leader of the Colony, always 
fussy and important; of Mr. Ward, sober and troubled with many 
cares ; of Mr, Rogers, prosperous and well favored in worldly 
things; and Mr. Hubbard, scholarly but unpractical, harassed by 
creditors and pecked at by servants. 

Thus our old road serves not only as a useful and pleasant 
thoroughfare, but arlords much food for thought, and inspiring re- 
membrances of an honorable past as we wend our way. 



PUBLICATIONS OF THE IPSWICH 

HISTORICAL SOCIETY. 

X. 



THE 

HOTEL CLUNY OF A NEW ENGLAND 
VILLAGE 



By Sylvester Baxter, 



AND 



AN OLD IPSWICH HOUSE 

By W. H. Downes. 



WITH 

The History of the House 

AND 
PROCEEDINGS AT THE ANNUAL MEETING DEC. 3, 1900. 



Salem Ptcm: 

The Salem Press Co.. Salem. Mass. 

1901. 



THE HOTEL CLUNY OF A NEW ENGLAND 
VILLAGER 



BY 8YLVESTEB BAXTER. 






The extraordinary production and huge circulation of 
the historical novel is but one of the consequences of the 
remarkable growth of the M patriotic societies " in this 
country in the pilot few years — societies like those of the 
Sun- and the Daughters of the Revolution, the Colonial 
Dames, and the like. One of the most admirable results 
of the movement is the widespread interest in the estab- 
lishment of local historical societies, particularly in the 
old towns of New England. These historical societies 
have a very interesting and even fascinating work before 
them: the collection and preservation of all manner of 
local records, the lookiug-up of spots of historical interest, 
the preservation of interesting old buildings, and the 
marking of historic sites with commemorative tablets t 
besides the study and discussion of both local and general 
history. In the average New England town the soil 
proves gratifyingly fertile in these fields and the delving 
therein bears rich fruit in the development of interest in 
and love for the community, the heightening of civic feel- 
ing, the encouragement of local improvements, and a care 
for the future of the town as well as an interest in the 
town's past. 

In not a few places the local historical society has done 
a most excellent thing by taking some fine or quaint old 
house for its headquarters, fitting it up after old fashions, 
and adorning it with attractive historical collections. Such 



r« 



the kind pemalftfton i»f Uie PuUItahenL from "The Georgiiu 
irtvil, l£»u?d by the " American Aretiittet A Building Kewi" Co*, 



(i) 



2 THE HOTEL CLUKY OF A NEW ENGLAND VILLAQK. 



a collection on a large scale is thui of the Boston!; 
to which the city long ego £avo the free use of the pictur- 
esque Old State-hou>e. above the ground-floor, and has 
converted the old-tittle hulls of legislation in 1 he carefully 
restored building into n rich museum o( all manner 
antiquities relating to the history of Boston. Med ford is 
a fine Colonial town with n goodly number nf stately old 
dwellil)gl. One of these, the Cradock House, built in 
the year 1IJ32 for Governor Cnidock of the Mm 
Buy Colony — who never came over from England to 
cupy it — is reputed to be the oldest dwelling in tin- or 
itml portion of the United States, Singular enough, this 
has very lately been established to be not the picturesque 
brick house that has long gone by Unit name and which i 
very close reproduction of a typical English fann-hoUM\ but 
19 identical with what is known as the "Garrison Hon 
in the centre of the eity, still occupied as a very comfort- 
able and prosperous looking dwelling. The highly art 
Medford Historical Society — a member of which un- 
earthed in Loudon the map and other documents that 
attested this important fact — had once endeavored 
secure for its headquarters the fine old Royal! House with 
its extensive grounds, a particularly imposing man 
prc-Kevolutionary days, hut the owners would not j 
with it. Its gee* however, wee secured as the scene of i 
notable historical festival given by the Society, « i> 
years ago. The Society thereupon contented itself with 
more modest quarters, but most attractively rind «ppr 
priatelv titled up, in Ihe shape of the old-fashioned hoi 
that has an historical interest in American literature 
in the anti-slavery movement, as the birthplace lie 

Maria Child. 

In certain respects, however, the moat notable accom- 
plishment in this direction is the work of the [pswicb 1 1 
torical Society in the restoration of an nnc 
to its primitive condition as it existed in the primal di 
of the Massachusetts Bay < This worl eon 

done with inch fidelity, Kin-h fiin- appreciation and ui 
standing, and the house, with its collections, is iutrir 
cell; io ftil I of Intereet, that it deserves wide 
both i>s an example of what might he accomplished 



THE HOTEL CLUNY OF A NEW ENGLAND VILLAGE, 3 















a few other places, mid as one of the most interesting 
eight! Urt visitors to New Kngland. 

For the latter, the quaint old town of Ipswich is in it- 
self well worth going tar to see. Although one of the 
most travelled lines of railway on the continent passes 
through it, the beautiful old town has preserved its ancient 
charm* in a sort of isolation amidst the wide levels of the 
vast saltruarshes that spread before it. The clear Ipswich 
River ramble* gently down from the inland hills, and 
here, in the heart of the town, tumbled in falls down to 
the tidal level, thence "meandering through the marshes 
to the sea, when 3s come and go at the wharves 

that were once the Scenes of a lively commerce in the days 
when all the QOft9fc-port0 were havens for maritime adven- 
turings. Skirting the river are the quiet winding street-*, 
.shaded by great elms and bordered by many tine old 
houses, Just over the town there rises the noble drumlin 
hliape of Heartbreak Hill like a gigantic; billow — celebrated 
in a poem by the late Celia Thaxter — that tenderly records 
the Itifte&d of the Indian maiden who, from its summit, 
daily looked in vain for the coming of her lover. It is 
true that, upon a last-century map of the town, the desig- 
nation of * f Hard Brick Hill " is inscribed. But good au- 
thority declares this to be a prosaic and ignorant corrup- 
tion of the original name. 

The charms of the town itself and the loveliness of the 
environing landscape make Ipswich a favorite resort for 
artiste through the summer. The scenery is that which 
Mr, J. Appletoo Brown loves to paint, pastoral and el vi- 
rtu its rolling uplands, its tranquil waters and its 
placid marshes that enter in among the hills in mysterious 
tree-fringed bays and coves. Artists come hither by the 
mo iv to feast upon the beauty of the count ly side. And 
Ipswich is the home of two painters of national repute, 
Mr. Arthur W\ Dow, whose birthplace it is and who has 
found here many of his strikingly original themes ; and 
Mr, Theodore Wendell, whose wife is a daughter of the 
town. 

It would be difficult to arrange a more delightful excur- 
sion fora summer-day, than to start out early in the morn- 
ing from Boston on a trolley-trip to Ipswich by way of 



4 THE HOTEL CLUNY OP A NEW ENGLAND VILLAGE. 



Lynn and Salem ; and through the diversified scenery of 
Essex County, arriving in time to inspect the old Whipple 
House, and then, after luncheon, taking the little steam- 
boat that plies between Ipswich and Newburyport twice a 
day upon i fascinating voyage down the river and by the 
inside route through Plum Island Sound, whose quiet 
waters* j shallow and variegated with delicate shadings of 
green and blue, are sheltered from the tossing Atlantic by 
the long and narrow insular barrier of sand- dunes. From 
Newburyport a train will bring ffllfl back to Boston in an 
hour or so. Or, one may extend the day's pleasuring by 
taking another steamer up the Merrimac, WTrittier's beau- 
tiful river, and there find a train for Boston. 

The H6tel Cluny, as all know, is a magnificent old 
French chateau preserved exactly as in the ancient dfl 
and filled with a priceless collection of objects i tm- 

tive of the life of its day. It sets an example of what may 
wisely be done with fine old buildings elsewhere — thou 
the example may more wisely be bettered by a better ar- 
rangement and classification of the collections shown there- 
in than has been effected at the Hotel Clttny, It is s fat- 
cry, of course, from the superb Parisian chateau, and the 
splendors for which it stands, to the austere Puritan 
and land when our mighty country was all one front* 
facing the ocean on one side and the savage wilderness on 
the other, with a meagre fringe of settlements. But tbe 
Whipple House, of Ipswich, like the Hotel Clu 
Paris, represents the best of its day, and it stands I 
probably, the most faithful reproduction yet a 
the home environment of the primitive Colonial life of 
New England in the days when our ancestors, with th 
stern beliefs, their harsh moralities, their appalling super- 
stitions, might be regarded as little more than barbariai 
when measured by the standards of to-day. 

The visitor to Ipswich by train finds the Whipple House 
just across the way from the station, towards which it* 
low walled hack is turned in accordance with the alien 
rule that faced all houses to the south when at- 
tached. Venerably homely* in the truest sense of the 
word, and restored to its original aspect as carefully as 
-the most scholarly research and the most scrupulous 



THE HOTEL CLUNT OP A NEW ENGLAND VILLAGE. 









of 



adherence to ascertained facta can make it possible, it is 
certainly one of tbe most notable old bouses in the United 
States- Tbe simple beauty of its setting is in striking 
harmony with its character. This environment, indeed, 
is doubtless less austere than that of the house in its prim- 
days. But in its quaint charm it reproduces the ef- 
fect of the grounds of the Colonial mansion at their best, 
a century later; grounds such as this house may then well 
have possessed. And a work of this character and public 
importance, truly monumental in intention, demands sur- 
roundings that betoken the esteem in which it is held. 

When the work was undertaken it seemed an heroic 
ta*k to elfect creditable results from the condition* into 
which the house and its vicinage had fallen from their once 
high estate. The structure was shabby and dilapidated 
with misuse, and mutilated by various successive recon- 
structions, while its surroundings were of the depressingly 
squalid character that so frequently obtains in tbe neigh- 
borhood of a railway, even in a good old rural town. But 
intelligence and energy soon radically changed the lac© 
of things. Tbe bead and front of the Ipswich Historical 
Society is its president, the Rev. T. Frank Waters* pastor 

the South Congregational Church, and throwing hini- 

If into the work with heart and soul, the ancient bouse 
d to resume its proper guise as if under the touch 
of magic. As the investigations necessary to the required 
repairs proceeded, the original state and shape of the 
building were gradually revealed sufficiently to afford a 
guidance m tin* work of restoration. This work, 
however* could not possibly have been so complete, bad 
not the mechanics employed driven themselves to the work 
with an enthusiastic devotion. And the existence among 
these of names like Sullivan and Thihedcau, besides namea 
savoring of the soil, like Choate, Goditt and Lord, show 
how completely the late-coming elements assimilate them- 
selves to tbe New England spirit of the best old commu- 
nities. Mr* Thibedeau, for instance, though employed as* 
a carpenter, was specially oonunemlad by the committee 
in charge fur his wonderful patience and persistence in 
giving weeks of hard and painstaking toil to scraping and 
scrubbing the woodwork, always standing in perfect read- 



THE HOTEI. CLCNT OF A NEW ENGLAND VILLAGE* 



iness to do anything however far removed from hid natural 
province. It b particularly gratifying to note these facta, 
testifying to the persistence of the old spirit of the artisan 
who finds pleasure in his work, when so much issaid now- 
aday* about the decline of the modern mechanic and his 
departure from old-time standards. Bat in this instance, 
with the good old New England w faculty w guiding the 
work, from the highest to the lowest, and practically 
whole community showing the deepest interest, if 
were achieved with astonishing economy and complex 
The snm of $1,050 purchased the place, and an expend i 
ture of only a little more than a thousand dollars accom- 
plished this commendable work of restoration and created 
one of the finest historical monuments in the c* 
perfect specimen of the seven teentb-century architecture 
o f Ne w E ngland . 

In the course of restoration all the decayed spots were 
cut out of the ancient beams and new wood was skilfully 
ted, the exterior was newly claphoarded and shingled 
— chipboards, it seems, preceded shingles as a 
for outside walls ; diamoud-piined windows, low and hr 
replaced the perpeudicular and narrow ones that an 
later fashion had given the house, and a coat of dark stain 
►red the exterior fully toils old-time aspect. 

Within, comparatively modern changes had much sub- 

led the four great rooms into which the main part of 

the house was originally divided. All the partition- were 

ved and the rooms were restored to their old shape. 

When the plaster ceilings were torn away the origina 

fioor-joists of hewn oak were revealed, with the original 

plastering between them. The big beams and the joists 

were carefully scraped and oiled, and the contrast bet 

their rich brown hue and the white of the plaster between 

them gave to the large rooms with their very low celling 

— which a person of average height can easily touch with 

hk hand — an appearance that is picturesque, and at the 

tame time is dignified with the air of old-time stateltnes*. 

lent said in his report at the first annual meet 

tog of the Society, celebrating the achievement of one 

prime declared objects m "the preservation of at: 
finishing in Colonial style of one of the ancient dwcllir 



THE HOTEL CLTJNT OF A NEW ENGLAND VILLAGE. 






ileuses of said Ipswich*- ; "the size and quality of these 
superb oak-beams, their finely-finished moulded edges, the 
substantial oak floor jotste, the groat posts, with their es- 
cutcheons so laboriously wrought, the noble size of these 
four great rooms, proclaim that this was a home of wealth 
and reti nettle ut, and make it easy for us to believe that it 
whs the finest nmnsion of the town," 

The work of restoration required patience, thoroughness 
and delicacy. Alt the woodwork had to be laboriously 
and carefully scoured to remove the grime and whitewash 
with which it was coated in layer after layer. The proc- 
ess of reconstruction was fascinating to follow in its rev- 
elation of the peculiarities of ancient methods of house- 
building. The spaces between the studs, from sill to plate, 
were found til ted- in with brickwork, and this was pre- 
served so far as possible, In one of the chambers, the 
manner id* this construction is exhibited by means of a 
pinto of glass set into the wall and framed with the care 
that might be shown for a treasured old master. The places 
where the handsome old windows were were shown with 
exactness, and their restoration proved one of the most 
affective features of the house, bringing it closer into rela- 
tion with its models across the sea, where the same form 
of window is to-day in common use. It was of course easy 
to disclose the fireplaces that had been shut in to allow the 
substitution of the ugly and economical stove. But these 
were small fireplaces of comparatively modern date, nest- 
ing within the enormous originals — the latter so well pre- 
served that it was an easy matter to restore them in all 
their completeness. Much of the old plastering was so 
perfect that it did not have to be touched. And, by way 
of experiment, for a deal of the now work made necessary 
to replace the old plastering, the ancient fashion of mak- 
i compound of clay, sand and salt hay was tried with 
entire success. 

Exactly how old the house is has not yet been ascer- 
tained. But it certainly dates buck to the middle of the 
seventeenth century, and possibly a house that stood on 
the place when its sale to Mr, John Whipple, an eminent 
man of Ipswich, was completed hy a quitclaim deed from 
John Fawne in the year 1650, may have formed a portion 



8 THE HOTEL CLUNY OP A NEW ENGLAND VILLAGE. 



of it. Mr, John Whipple bad been living on the spot 
1642 at least. 

The Whipple House in its present shape is a growth 
formed by successive enlargements made in the course of 
n considerable number of years. In its original shape ft 
apparently consisted of what is now the western half of (he 
main portion. First the house was doubled in size and 
then two successive additions were made in the rear, giv- 
ing it the long sloping roof CD the north side so oili 
teristic of many old farmhouses* In its present shape, 
therefore, the house in its very old portion eomprises tour 
remarkably large rooms, two on the ground-floor and two 
above, eaeh with a fireplace big enough to contain great 
logs of wood. In the adaptation of the house to the 
of the Historical Society, and its conversion into what 
may be called a museum ot the ancient New England 
home, each of these four rooms, with its collections, has 
been given a typical character. 

First and chief of these tomes t tie "hall" in the gi 
east room* This is by no means the hall of the eighteenth- 
ecutury Colonial mansion — tin? spacious enlnm<< -room, 
with its stately staircase, running through the centra of 
the house. Here the front door is likewise in the middle, 
but a tall man must stoop to enter* and beep stooping 
while in the diminutive entry, where a steep and narrow 
flight of stairs twists itself upward besides the gigantic 
chimney-stark that shows how its original size was double 
when the house was. In \< w England, as in Old, the hall 
was the common gathering-place of the family — the place 
where the meals were eonked and eaten, where the $t in- 
ning and we3*vinL r were done, where the household 
together to enjoy the heat and the light of the enormoti! 

on the hearth beneath a chimney which , as Mr* Wi 
tells us, was ample enough to allow boys on mischief 
to drop a live calf from the roof, as they did one night 
into poor old Mark Qui Iter's kitchen. It 
scene of much jollity, we may believe, for the Purila 
could not always and universally have maintaif 
traditional austerity. And the room was so spacious thnt. 
we may that it Invited to no little frolic 

among the young folks, and we may even fancy that 



THE HOTEL CLUKY OF A NEW ENGLAND VILLAGE. 







times the floor was cleared for a bouncing good dance. 
So the place was a * hall " in the amplest sense of the 
word. It was not until a much later date that the room 
became exclusively a kitchen. And our Irish fellow-citi- 
zen, even though he may have rolled up wealth in city 
contracts, is but perpetuating the traditions of the baro- 
nial hull when he insists on spending his home hours sit- 
ting by the kitchen-stove in his shirtsleeves, with clay- 
pipe in mouth. 

The beautiful old hall of the Whipple house is a fasci- 
nating gallery of the quaint utensils of domestic and indus- 
trial use in the old-time New England home — everything 
that entered into kitchen-service, barn-service, field-so r- 
spiuning, weaving, etc*, beside various other things 
whose pui poses the most patient research* the most ingen- 
ious conjecture, have not yet been able to discover. We 
laugh at the clumsiness of certain of these utensils, but 
we are compelled i*> admire the simple way in which many 
Others met the needs of the time. Clover examples of 
Yankee, or pre-Yankee, ingenuity are some of these 
things: for instance, the w cradle-chum," where the milk 
was cotitained in a long, trough-like receptacle mounted 
lengthwise on rockers. As the house-wife and others 
went about their domestic tasks I hey would give it a touch 
in passing. This was sufficient to keep it going, and so 
-utter was made without any appreciable effort, 

In the corner of the large west room there remained a 
fine old buffet as n relic of the olden days. This sug- 
gested the wainscoting of the room with some handsome 
panelling taken from an old house in the town, the Rogers 
Manse, built in 1728, and given to the Historical Society 
by the ow-ner. Over the mantle a quaint painted panel, 
representing a panoramic view of Ipswich town from the 
river, with Jeffries Neck in the background, and the 
water enlivened with old-fashioned shipping, was insert ed< 
The woodwork was painted white, making a typical eight- 
eenth-century room of iL This is appropriately used for 
ibtbition of old china and crockery, silver, etc., old- 
fashioned musical instruments, i collection of rare old 
books, pamphlets and manuscripts, and many other inter- 
esting things. 



10 THE HOTEL CLUNY OF A NEW ENGLAND VILLAGE. 



The east chamber has been fitted up after the fashion 
of an old-style "best room," enriched with many beautiful 
old curios of historic value. The interest taken in the old 
house brought to the collections in these three rooms an 
extraordinary number of antiq nitres, given or loaned not 
only by the people of Ipswich, but by friend* throughout 
Essex County and iti many other parts of the country* 

The west chamber was made the room of the resident 
care-taker. It was & piece of good fortune for tht 
to secure for this responsible position a lady of the expe- 
rience and capacity ofMlfifl Alice A. Gray, curator of the 
Department of Textiles in the Boston Museum of Fine 
Arts, and a niece of the famous botanist, the lute Prof. 
Asa Gray, It was equally a pleasure for Miss Gm 
make her home in an ideal old-fashioned house and to su- 
pervise the arrangement oi its fascinating collections. 
This chamber has been fitted up as a typical old- 
"bast chamber* — a special addition to the attractions of 
the bouse. The rear portion of the house wai, moreover, 
converted into a charming apartment for herself and her 
housekeeper; a cosy suite with a delightful nir of old- 
fashioned comfort unobtrusively reinforced by the modem 
conveniences without which life in a house of the kind 
would be a pastime that a child of the nineteenth century 
would soon weary of. An attract ire feature of this suite 
is the row of snug little chambers with slant ceilini 
under the roof on the second fiV. 

A sort of thorn in the flesh for the Historical S 
after the completion of its task, was the uncomfortable 
proximity of a most disreputable-looking old tenement- 
house on the rear side, between the ancient mansion and 
the railway* track. But one day Misa Gray had a visit 
from a Boston friend, a lady whose means enable her to 
follow her natural inclination to do all sorts of good deed*. 
The visitor was thoroughly delighted with what had beer 
accomplished, and within a few days Miss Gray receivec 
from her i check for 11800 to enable the Society to com- 
plete its work by giving its home a suitable env 
ment through getting rid of the adjacent eyesore. With 
this money the tenement house was purchased and demol- 
ished, and a new old-fashioned garden was laid out a 



THE HOTEL OLUNY OF A NEW ENGLAND VILLAGE. 11 

site, and about the ancient dwelling : a gay multitude of 
the blooms cherished by our mothers, our grandmothers, 
our great grandmothers, and losing no favor in the eyes 
*of ourselves or our children, assemble their gladsome mot- 
ley before the sober gray of the ancient walls ; a box-bor- 
dered walk leading up to the caretaker's door past a hand- 
some sun-dial of stone ; a well with its old-time sweep at 
the side of the house. These touches made the whole 
complete. 



\N ARTICLE WITH THE CAPTI* 
IPSWICH HOUSE" BY MR. W. H. 
DOAVNKS. 






in EvitHtNG Transcript , SATtmnAY, octobbi 

told house bought by the Ipswich Historical Society 
1 h year ago is the best surviving example in 
: uid of the earliest seventeenth-century colouii 
ire* There are several finer and grander specimens 
. >i the domestic architecture of later periods in h 
Oottoty, but in all the category of colonial houses thei 

mob perfectly preserved and authentic typ 
(tomeatio Architecture of the middle of the sev< 

nvy. The exact date of its < is unknown, but 

nit the valid evidence Available, in theahsence of di 
tury records bearing directly oil this point, indicates that 

it was built .1 ns 1650, and there are architect* who 

believe that it was erected still earlier, Th^ 
rarity of houses dating from that remote period, so - 
after the Battlement of Massachusetts i* due primaril 
the limited longevity of wooden building, and seconds 
to the fact that the colonists were at first obliged by 
paucity of proper building materials to erect only tempo- 
rary cabins of logs, whirls were subsequently a 111 
and neglected, after more comfortable dwellin 
made possible by the establishment of siw-n 

sa and roads. Ipswich was settled in 
first saw-mill in the fcovn itablisbed In 1649, The 

nd girders, with other surviving tii 
the frame of the old house m question, bear 
the axe or the adze, and it would be h \Wtv inference thai 

inly by 

ve know th 



AN OLD IPSWICH HOUSE. 



13 



. * There are three or four successive parts or chapters 
tu the serial story of the old house* The west end of the 
main structure was built first ; of this there is evidence in 
the material, the workmanship, the age of the woodwork, 
and in indirect, but convincing written evidence* The 
main beams of the frame — the posts, sills, girders, joists, 
rafters, etc, — in this wing are of American larch or 
tamarack, a soft wood, which, however, has shown aston- 
ishing durability in every part except where it has been 
exposed to moist ure* The east part of the main structure, 
the second chapter, was possibly added in the time of the 
■fluent and pious Captain John Whipple, the seoood of 
that name, who, in 1683, was estimated to be " worth n 
$16,570* If i this part of the house the main beams are 
of oak, and the posts and girders are curved with some 
attempt at elegance of finish. Later a lean-to was added, 
the rafters on the north (rear) ride of the roof being sup- 
plemented by a new set of rafters i| an easier angle, 
carrying the roof at one point almost to (he ground. 
Whether the lean-to was entirely I milt at one time, or in 
two sections, is unknown and is not of importance, The 
(etin-tn is a relatively modern part, and the original pro- 
file of the exterior must have been very angular and high- 
«h«iuldered in proportion to its ground area* 

Now, here are the more interesting dimensions of the 
building, as it stands. Length, on the ground, fifty feet ; 
width, thirty-six feet. Great east room, ground floor, 
twenty-four by seventeen and one-half feet; height seven 
feet, Fireplace in this room, seven feet and three inches 
wide ; two feet, nine inches deep. Dimensions of oak 
girders, fourteen by fourteen inches. Windows, diamond 
panes, and hung on hinges, rive feet, three inches wide, 
and two feet, six inches high ; three sashes each ; should 
be leaded glass. East chamber, same measurements as 
etmi room below* Fireplace in this room, six feet two 
inches wide, and two feet two inches deep* These figures 
may mean but little to the layman, but they are full of 
Blgllificanoe to the architect, the builder, and the antiqua- 
rian* The exterior of the Whipple house has nothing in 
its aspect that would serve to draw especial attention to 
it ; but the interior possesses these two distinct points of 
architectural merit, remarkable massiveness of construe- 



14 



AN OLD IPSWICH HOUSE. 



tion, and fine, dignified proportions. The two main 
rooms on the ground floor are hi fact super! i for their 
simplicity, size and solidity. The beautiful rich hmwij 
tone of the old oak posts, girders and joists gives the key 
of color. There is i white plastered ceiling between the 
joists, the plaster being put directly ou tbe floor- boards of 
the second story. • , . 

lo thing is evident, to any visitor who stand* In tb« 
great east room, and contemplates the stately pro 
lions of the interior ; that is. tint the Whipple* must 
have been great swell* in their day, to j> ich a 

-ion. Indeed, no further proof of their statu 
as mean Deemed, is needed than is furnished by 

the entertaining inventory of Captain John W 
estate in 1683, with its painful particularity, r 
each separate article of household use, apparel, tools, 
edibles, beverages, and even " Lawrence ye Indian," who 
was valued at four pounds, a sum which seem- inexpen- 
sive, even where the supply of Indians exceeded the 
demand. It is enough to make collectors* mouths VI 
to run over this list of old furniture, silverware, pewter, 
china, arms, andirons, brasses, coppers, gallipots, buc- 
kles and buttons, "kittles," warming-pans, trenchers, 
candlesticks, "tin lanthorus," beakers* flagon >ns," 

pigghns ''sully hub" pots, spinning wheels, and a g< 
of other things, more or less phonetically spelled, after 
the excellent fashion of the epoch, when, 
remarks, spelling was mostly a matter of taste. 

The first John Whipple, whose was inventoried 

in I &i>9 , was not nearly so well off as his son at 
>>ecame, though he had a farm of about 31 
worth J 7 50, and houses and lands in the town, H 
$1250, with $45 worth of 'aptmreti," $:> tb of 

"tfeather beds,* $6.75 worth of "elmvrW and $12 worth 
of "boot 

Speaking of book*, the Ipswich Historical Society baa 
in (fa custody, in the west room of the old house, the 
lly pious lot of old hooks I ever 
rue from the It , nod 

the visitor ni:i\ whil long ho 

light literature as Jonathan Edwari 

U of an Angry God" (Salem, case 



"i*N OLD IPBWICH HOOSE." 



15 






Mather's " Angel agraphia" (Boston, 1696), or "The Lov- 
ing Invitation of Christ to llie Aged, Middle-Aged, Youth 
and Children, from the mouth of Elizabeth Qsborn, only 
Three V-hm and Nine Months Old.* 1 The collection of 
books, manuscript*, aatographa, etc, displayed in this 
room embraces a copy of the Breeches Bible (1615) ; an 
autograph letter from John Winthrop, Jr., founder of 

ich (1634) ; an inventory of the household goods in 
Winthrop'e house in Ipswich ; several old petitions, 
deeds, wills, and other Colonial ami Revolutionary docu- 
ments of interest* On rainy days, when the outside 
world i* dnric and dismal, and the time hangs heavy on 
one's hands, it will be consoling for the people who like 
that sort of thing to sit down and run through Owen's 
work en " Indwelling Sin," Baxter's "Call to the Uncoil- 
rerted," Woodward'* " Fair Warning," Crawford's "Dying 
Shots," the account of " Count Struensee's Conversion," 
Cooper on w Predestination," Edwards on "Original Sin," 
Shepard** n Sound Believer," Langdon on " The Revela- 
tion/* Coleman's "Parable of the Ten Virgins," Webb's 
"Direction for Conversion,** Bellamy's "Glory of the 
Gospel," Dittoii on "The Resurrection," Doddridge on 
"Regeneration," or Stoddard's "Safety of Appearing in 
ye Righteousness of Christ." But, though the theology 
of these stalwart Calvinists may seem n bit inflexible and 
unlovely to modern eyes, what they did not know about 
setting up a title-page was not worth knowing. As 
religionists they were of their day, took their creeds 
straight and hot, and their rum ditto ; but they were first- 
rate printers ! 

The house is a veritable museum of seventeenth- and 
eighteenth-century relics ami curios. There is a bufiVt 
full of old china in the west room which contains some 
very rare and choice pieces. The andirons in this room 

ist-iron figures of Hessians, in grenadier caps, picked 
out with gilt. The iron fire-back is dated 1698. The 
andirons in the east room are dated 1596, The great 

room is titled up as a kitchen, The fire burns on ihe 

fch as oi and the spacious fireplace is fully 

equipped with ancient cooking utensils. Huge pewter 

platters and obsolete 6 re-arm 8 adorn the walls. The 

spinning wheels, cheese press and churns are in their 



16 



r AN oi*d irswicii HOU8B/ 



places. Here we find the yarn reels, the great winnow- 
ing fan, the old cradle, foot-stove, candle-mould, candle- 
sticks, nice pieces of old needlework, samplers, old lamps, 
pewter porringers, tinder-boxes, trivet, lunthorns, tram* 
tnels, tin kitchens with spits, etc., and a highly interesting 
collection of old furniture* In the went room are the cabi- 
net of old china, sundry heirlooms, an AQcieDl piano, 
antique chairs and pictures. The paintings comprise 
smoky old panel depicting the harbor of Ipswich, in which 
the vessels fly the British flag, showing that it was painted 
prior to the revolution, and a life-size bust portrait of 
Whitefleld, anonymous, and somewhat queer about the 

bb. Whitefleld preached in Ipswich, and he did lo to 
such good effect that Satan fled through the meet! I 
house window, leaving on the window-ledge the print of 
his cloven hoof. Mr. Waters may not believe this, hut 
it is just us true as some other local traditions. 

, . . "The old mansion," says President Waters, in a 
passage of retrospect which shows how sympathetic is 
vein of fancy, "is a constant reminder of all the glorious 
names which hallow and illumine the early years of t«in 
town life, — Saltonstall and Wmthrop, Syraouds and 
Denison, Ward and Norton and Hubbard and all tl 
They were all friends uf the Elder- Every one of them 
may have crossed our threshold. As we sit here in the 
flickering firelight we seem to see them sitting, as of old, 
and conversing on the great themes, . . , The old 
pavement in the dooryard rings again with the hoot be 
of Captain Whipple's horse hurrying to lead his troop, 
on a swift ride to And over to repel an Indian assault, 
John Appleton and Thomas French are talking in thii 
very room of their imprisonment and trial for advocating 
resistance to the royal governor's edict and demand; 
representation before they would submit io ligation. 
Colonel Hodgkins and Colonel Wade and Major Bnrnhsni 
smoke ami lip their steaming cups and chat of Bunker 
Hill and Yorktown, of Burgoyne and Cornwallis, Wash- 
r>n and Lafayette/* And he evokes a vision of tfc 
Jit life, its leasts, we* funerals, departures and 

h«.me-eomiugs, its daily toil, and all the lights and si 
ows of the remote Puritan home life, that revives the 
off days with a singular and touching realil 



THE HISTORY OF THE HOUSE. 



BY THOMAS FRANKLIN WATERS. 






(HeprinUd from Number VI nf the Publications of th& Ipswich 
Historicut Society,) 

At the annual meeting ot the Ipswich Historical Society 
OH December G, 1897, the President's Report called the 
attention of the Society t<> the ancient house near the 
depot, commonly known as the Saltonstall house, as an 
interesting local relic of the remote past, an admirable 
type of an early style of architecture, too valuable to be 
allowed to full into utter ruin, and an ideal home for the 
Society. A committee of inspection was appointed, and 
it thorough examination of the house was made. It whs 
found that notwithstanding the decayed condition of the 
, the interior vTua well preserved, and of eucfa 
phenomenal attractiveness that the work of repair and res- 
toration, while extensive and costly, was well worth un- 
dertaking. The owner, Mr. James W. Bond, was willing 
to sell, and the committee reported favorably to the project. 

I u May, 1 ft 9 8 , afte r som e p re 1 i m i n ary ea n vass f o r f u n ds 
bad been made, the Society voted to purchase the property, 
and a committee of five was appointed to repair and re- 
store the house, as it seemed best to them. The work 
wan begun as soon as the transfer at the title to the desiff- 
natcd trustees was accomplished, and was pushed as 
rapidly as possible through the summer* On Wednesday, 
( >v\ , 19, the work of repairing and resto ration being well 
completed, the Society dedicated its new home. 

As a specimen of seventeenth-century architecture, this 
house is an object of just pride- The size and quality of 
these superb oak beams, their finely finished moulded 
edges, the substantial oak floor joists, the great posts with 

ai (IT) 



18 



THE HISTORY OF THE HOUSE. 



their escutcheons so Laboriously wrought, the noble size 
of these four great rooms, proclaim that this was a home 
of wealth and refinement, nod make it easy for us t- 
lieve that it was the finest mansion of the town, Many 
undent houses have disappeared, hut the most tenaeinu* 
memory of tin* oldest inhabitant cannot recall 
strength and elaborate finish a« we find here* 80 far as 
I am familiar with the oldest bouses now remaining, none 
can Compare with this for a moment. 

The question of its age is constantly raised, i>y town- 
folk and Btranger alike. The other question of its owner* 
ship is still vigorously argued, I think I can do on better 
service ut this time than tell the e I have been able 

to discover it, by long and careful and repeated research. 

Many remember Mr. Abraham Bond, the father of Mr. 
das. W. Bond, from whom our Society purchased the 
property. He bought the house and about an 
land of Caleb K. Moore, October 7, 1841 (E- 
Deeds, 327 :157) and made his home here for the remain- 
der of his life. Mr. James W. Bond remembers tba 

his boyhood, the Moor joists were exposed a* hem 

now, but fashion decreed that a more modern ntvle was 
to be preferred, and vandal hands chipped and hacked ihe 
venerable timbers, nailed laths upon them, 
them from sight with very commonplace plastering. 
old tire place in the kitchen in the leanto was bricked up 
within bis remembrance, and the latest Addition on the 
northwest corner was built, 

Mr. Moore had purchased the bouse with an acre and 
11 roda of laud from Mr, Nathaniel Wade and otli 
heirs of the estate of Col. Joseph Hod^kins, in 1 
Oct* rbar 8 Is I ( Base x Co ■ Deeds, 271:164), 1 
half of the Hodgkins estate, however, and on Aoig. 11, 
1841, the heirs s<*hl the balance of tin* propei 
mg an acre and eleven rods, to James Est 

ribea it, this piece of land extended down Wi 
street, to th<* barn and land of Joseph Farley, n< 
pied by the buildings of the [pawtob Mill, fallowed the 
i the Parley land to the river, extended along the 
river bank to the Samuel Wade proper! 
this I boundary line. The If. 



THE Hi. STORY OF THE HOUSE. 



19 



erty thus extended from the main road to TopsfieM to the 
river* and measured two acres and twenty -two rods 
(Essex CV Deeds, 326:215). 

Colonel Hodgkine had married for his third wife, Mrs, 
Lydifl Ts relict of Eltsha Treadwell and daughter 

of Dem John Crocker . Her brother, Joseph* si his death 
owned and occupied the house, add the other heirs sold 
their interest to her husband. The original deed of gale, 
bearing dale of May L6 f 1818, is before me as I write, 
conveying to Colonel Hodgkint live-sixths <>f the estate for 
$750. One chum Iter \\;i> reserved to lite unmarried sif 
Elizabeth Crocker, who occupied it by the express pro- 
vision of her father's will drawn in 1801. The deed still 
Tree to Elizabeth " the great chamber in the west end 
of the house, with the privilege of going in and out at 
the front door, and a right to use the entry way and stairs 
in common p and a right to bake in the oven in the northe- 
rly room, to go lo and from the well, and a privilege 
in the collar to put and keep so much cider, vegetables 
and other necessaries sufficient for Iter own use, also lib- 
erty to puss and repass to and from the yard at the south- 
Weal end of said house, and to keep therein the wood for 
her own use, said reservations to continue so long as she 
shall remain single and unmarried, as expressed in the 
.v ill and testament of said John Crocker deceased.*' 
Miss Sarah Wade, the granddaughter of Colonel Hodgkins, 
is very sure that he did not take up his residence in the 
old mansion until 1818, and she tells me that her father 
built on the pantry, which now serves as the hallway of 
the caretaker's tenement, in that year, to increase the con- 
venience of that portion of the house, Miss Wade, then 
a smart slip of a nine- year-old girl, was often at the house 
and has vivid recollection of her honored grandfather and 
his home* He was then 75 years old, with thin hair 
which was gathered into a queue, a very tall man with 
strongly marked Roman nose. How the venerable soldier 
must have bowed himself under these low doorways ! 
Hi* residence sjives much character to our mansion. He 
had served as lieutenant in the Ipswich Company of Min- 
ute Men at Bunker Hill, and had fought at the battles on 
Long Island, at Harlem Heights, White Plains and 



20 



TBE HISTORY OF THE HOUSE. 



Princeton, and wag at Burgoyne'e surrender at Saratoga. 
To bin last days, be would have his pewter plate, which 
wan kept with the plattera on a high shelf in the kitchen. 
k passage-way from the kitchen to the bed i 
d as a cheese room, The room W« bwe occupied as 
our kitchen was the parlor, and the only carpet in the 
house covered the floor* Some roundabout chairs, and 
pair of great brass andirons were included in the parlor 
furnishings, and a quaint colored English print of the 
Coonteaa of Suffolk's house near Twickenham, published 
in L749, hung on the wall, and is now owned by Mi»s 
Wade. The weal room pig the family sitting room, and 
iu thin room the old Revolutionary soldier died, lying in 
an old press bed in the centre of the room on Sep! 
IH29. 

-tain* Miss Polly Crafts made her home in the East 
chamber, and worked it her loom, weaving. Through 
thi'M' rooms, the lively young Sarah roamed, turni 
the boors peering into the great fireplaces a&d look- 

ing up their black throats t<» slurs, mid scamper- 

ing 'I osa the garden to the old malt-house, Oil the 

of the mill atorebooae, to pick the wild rosea th»t 

there in profusion lept 111 the little bed- 

room that opened Irom ihc West Lower Room, t 

grandfather died : and she remembers distinctly 
the window in that, room was diamond paned and o| 
like a door. Her brother, Mr, Francis J 1. Wade, ren 
hers a window of the amine style in the front ga 

iwing this clew, we have made all our windows witr 

diamond glaas. 

Mr**, Bodgkias, a* waiesrid, was the daughter 
John Crocker. That excellent man 
worldly goods in his will as follows : 

in the uame of God Anivti. I John of Ip*wlch In Urn 

ex n& to ray « ><*t\* and > 

*.c and dlnpriM' of tin sai 

Mid dev J- Km Josepli & aaal 

*o and tier? of i 

-al- 



Cbambcr In t 

■ 



l|r«1 ll 

of |M 

ricd. 



niarrli-tl- 



THE HISTORY OP THE HOUSE. 



21 



a chest with two drawers, which was her mother's, I also give and 
bequeath to my said daughter, FA\z. one cow and two sheep, such as 
she shall choose* to be winterd and summerd for her by my son 
John, and also slsty dollars in mnuey. Item. I give and bequeath to 
my daughter Mekitabel Apple toD. sixty dollars in money, Item, I 
give to my son^n-law Thomas Appleton a oolu of hand T have against 
him dated April 28 t 1795. 

Item. I give and bequeath to my daughter Lydia Tread well, sixty 
dollars in money. Item. 1 give to my grandson Thomas Wade and 
Samuel Wade thirty dollars each, Item, 1 give and bequeath to ray 
grand daughters Mary Waldron and Abigail Waldron, thirty dollars 
each* I give and bequeath to my son-in-law, Edward Waldron, at my 
decease, my great Bible. Item. I give and bequeath to my daughter 
Elizabeth, one feather bed and bedding which her mother brought to 
me. when I married her. Item. I give and bequeath to my three 
daughters and to my grand -children, children of my Daughters, Mary 
and Hannah, deceased, the whole of my household goods (excepting 
my silver tankard) to be equally divided between them. 

1 give to my daughters aforenamed and my aforesaid grandchildren, 
at my decease, all my books to be divided in same manner as I have 
ordered my household £?oods to be divided. Item, I give and devise 
to my son Joseph and to my daughter Elizabeth, and to their heirs and 
assigns in equal shares, my Pew In the South Meeting House in this 
town. Item. I give to my sons John and Joseph all my wearing 
apparel and farming utensils to be equally divided between them. 
Item, 1 give and devise to my son John and to his heirs and assigns 
' r all my buildings aud lands, excepting such parts of my build* 
lujjs and lands as I have before given to my sou Joseph and my daugh- 
ter lUUabeth, I give aud bequeath to my said son, all my stock of 
cattle and sheep, all my notes of hand, my silver Tankard, and all the 
rest and residue of my estate. 

May 3, 1804. 

(Essex Co. Probate Records 374 i 9 : 10.) 

An Inventory and appraisement of the estate of Deacon John Crocker 
late of Ipswich (Probate Records 374 ? 81). 

In the West lower room 
a clock $111 1 looks glass $8 one desk $5 20. 00 

a settee $3 black walnut table 4 foot, $2.50 £.60 

writing desk $1 small round table $1, light stand 30 cts 

stand* candlestk 1.25 3,55 

one great chair and 6 small ditto viol back $3,50 1 round 

table $1.25 4.75 

one small chair turkey worked 38cts hand iron, shovel & 

tongs $2,50 2.S3 

one feather bed, bolster and pillows $23, bedstead sacking 

bottom $2 25.00 

curtains $1.50 3 blankets $4,50 calico quilt $2 8,00 

tea salver §1.25 great Bible $4 other books & paphts $6,00 11.25 
2 pair small scales & weights 80 eta hearth brush 25c 1.06 

Westerly bed room. 1 bed, bolster & pillows $27 under 

bed & "bedstead $2.75 29-75 

2 blankets $2 2 do $3 1 bed quilt $2 1 coverlet $2 la pr 

sheet* $22,75 31,75 

10 pair pillow cases $3,07 table cloths $4.75 12 napkins 

$1,75 $.50 



22 THE HISTORY OF THE HOUSE. 

East room. 3 leathd chairs $1.50 round chair & cushion 

$1 2.60 

four old chairs 67cts, small looking glass $1 1.67 

pair small handirons 50 ct small table 12 ct .62 

East bed room, under bed, bedstead & cord $1.25 8 cover- 
lets $3.75 5.00 
two blankets $2 1 pair sheets $2 linen wheel & reel $1 5.00 
tinpail 33cts scales & weights 50cts wearing apparel $25 25.83 
32 ounces silver plate $32.42 half dozen tea spoons $2.50 34.92 
1 pair shoe & knee buckles $3 set gold buttons $3.50 6.50 

West chamber. 1 case drawers $1.50 one ditto faneerd $7 8.50 
six leath'd chairs $2.50 one great ditto $3, small cane 

backd $1 6.50 

bed, bolster & pillows $22 under bed, bedstead & cord $3 25.00 

curtains & valions $3 one pair sheets $2.50 5.50 



289.97 

one blanket $1.50 coverlet $1 bed quilt $2.00 4.50 
small pair hand irons 50 ct. 1 maple table $1 small looking 

glass .25 1.76 

In the East chamber. 1 bed, bolster, & 1 pillow $25, under 

bed, bed std & cord $2.50 27.50 

3 blankets $3 25 three bed quilts $4 7.25 

square oak table 50cts. old chest and fire screen 75ct 1.25 

flazcomb $1. iron- jack 75c 1.75 

In the kitchen 1 brass kettle $3 one brass pan $2 5.00 

Pewter $9, handirons $2.50 shovel & tongs $1 12.50 

gridiron 50 cts candlesticks 50 toasting iron 50 1.50 

1 pr brass candlesticks $1 iron and tin ware $6 7.00 

bell metal skillet 30cts brass skillet $1 1.30 

tin ware $1.75 warming pan $1.00 pr bellows 25ct 3.00 

earthen ware & glass bottles $2 case with bottles $1.50 3.50 

crockery ware & glass ditto $3 3 tables $1.75 4.75 

a mortar 2 coffee mills flesh fork, skimer and skewers 2.00 

3 iron bread pans $1 3 chests $1.50 meal chest 50 3.00 

kitchen chairs $1.50 old cask & tubs $2.50 50 lb. salt pork $8 12.00 

cheese press $1.25 two spits $1.25 palls $1 3.60 

John Crocker disposed of this property to his brother 
Joseph (though I find no record of the transaction), who 
seems to have owned little of this world's goods, apart from 
the ancestral mansion. The inventory of his estate is brief: 

Inventory of the estate of Joseph Crocker, malster : 

House and barn and malt-house, with other buildings & land 000.00 
1 blue coat $3.00 1 blue surtout coat $2.50 1 blue grate 

coat $3.50 9.00 
1 black waist coat $1 2 green waist coats $1 2 pair small 

cloths woolen and drawers $2 4.00 
1 pair kersey meer small cloths 50 cts 1 pair nankin jacket 

and breeches $1 1.50 
1 pair cotton and linen trowsers $1. 8 shirts $6.50 8 pair 

of hose $3.50 11.00 



THE HISTORY OF THE HOUSE. 



23 



1 pr leather gloves 12 cts. 2 silk and one linen handkerchief 

*i M L87 

3 pr. old trowsers 75 cts 2 frocks §1. 2 pair of boots &3.7S 

2 puir <>f aboei $1.50 7.00 

2 felt hats 00 cts. l gun, bayonet k snap sack and cartridge 

&5 5.60 

1 giiK Idge box, and 2 powder horns 92 live hare 

cleaned GO cts 2. GO 

In the return of the administrator of Joseph Crocker , 
in March 1814, we lind the items 

ive sixths of dwelling house and laud sold to Joseph Hodg- 

750,00 
to paid John Crocker 621,88 

DeACOfi John received the estate by inheritance from 
hie father, Benjamin Crocker, a man of excellent quality. 
He was graduated from Harvard College in 17 13* was 
Representative in 1786, 1734, 1736, taught the Grammar 
School many years, and often preached, He made his 
will after the pious fashion of his day and devised his 
property as follows : 

WILL OF BENJAMIN CROCKER, 

In tbc name of God, Amen, April i>, 1768, 

n Crocker* of Ipswich in County Of Essex, In New Eng- 
land, belli;; in Health of Body and Mind A Memory (thro the Favour 
klmtjrhty God,) & calling to Mind the Uncertainty of Life and Cer- 
tainty of Death, Do make and Ordain thlfl my list Will and Testament, 
and Principally and obOYe all I recommend my 8oul Into the Hands of 
God TlU h sake rtml Righteousness to tin* l 

am Ltb God at the great Day of his Appearing; and my Body 

to decent Christian Burial : and touching such worldly Estate as God 
: pleased Bo bestow upon me, 1 glfu and dispose of the same in 
lowing, via — 
Imprimis. 1 give to my well beloved wife Elizabeth fourteen 
pounds* and all thai estate which she brought with her to me upon 
rrhijre; proviilcd and on Condition she shall acquit all her 
ht or Claim and Interest in & tf> all if ntv "state. 

tffbter, Mary Gunnison, ih#» two bast silver 

which, with what l gave he? at her Marriage, together with 

what the hold of land, which she hod of laud which she tod her 

sold to Charles Tut tie after Iut Marriage, which I account of 

rl of my Estate, (The particular! b I have set 

down in ■ Pocket Book In my !>■ ->!;.: 

Item, I gjlre all the rest of u\\ Estate both real and personal of 
whu to my sou John Crocker* after my Debts and 

re paid by my said So BshjaMxh Ckocker, 

Records 343 M J.) 

Mary Crocker, the first wife of Benjamin, received the 
property from her father, ifojor John Whipple. No 



24 



THE HISTORY OF THE HOUSE. 



record of mile, gift w inheritance from her remain*, lint 
the identity of the property ia indisputable as will appear 
fivnn our subsequent ftttdy of adjoining estates* 

Tbe will of Major John Whipple, Crocker's father-in- 
law, is of much interest and I append it in full, 

WILL OF MAJOR JOHN WHIPPLE* 

Id the name of God Amen. The thirtieth day of August IT: 
John Whipple, of Ipswich, In the County of Esse* in New England. 
being sick & weak of Body but of perfect Mind & Memory, Thanks be 
Given to God therefore. Calling to Mind y e Mortality of my B 
knowing y* Is Appointed for all Men Once to Dye Doe make and Ur» 
daioe This my Last Will & Tea lament; that Is to say principally £ 
first of all I Give and recommend my Soul Into the hands of God thai 
Gave it, and my Body I Recomend to ye Earth to bebnryed in a Decent 
& Christian Burial I att ye Discretion "of my Exec, nothing Doubting 
but att ye Genii Resurrection I shall receive the same again e hy ye 
Almighty power of God; and as touching such Worldly Estate where- 
with It hath pleased God to bless in Tins Life, I Give, Demise & Dis- 
pose of the same In the following Manner or Forme. 

Irapr, 1 give to my Daughter Mary Crocker & To the Heirs of her 
Body Lawfully begotten my now Dwelling House &. Homestead with 
all the building upon the same. Also 1 give to my Daughter Crocker 
al) ye furniture both of the parlour and Parlour chamber also on- 
More such as shee shall Chuse with all ye furniture to ye same belong- 
ing, also Three pair of Sheets, Two Large Table Cloths & Two Smaller 
Onea & Two Dozen of Napkins, also I give unto my Daughter Crocke 
all the utensllls of y r Kitchen | Lrautoe & also my two Neb oxen 
all my utensllts for husbandry, also One old Common Right 4 my 
Negro Man 4 Two Cowes. 

Item, I give to my son-in-law Ben] , Crocker my and foul* 

Ing piece. 

i. I give to my Grriwtaori, W ,n Brown, my pis tolls and holster*. 
it* I give to my Granddaughter, Martha Brown, forty pounds. 
Eft, I give to Daughter ttogen my Negro* Woman Hann 
It. I give to my Grandson, John Rogers, twenty pound* and aft< 
all my Lawful debts and all y* above Legacies & my funeral] Charges 
are ail payd, tbe whole of my Estate which shall then remain* Boil 
real and personal. Bills, Bonds, Whatsoever to be honestty apprlt 
& Equally Divided between my Three daughter*, Martha, Mary 
Susannah. [Probate Records 313 1 i&s.] 



inventory**. [318 ; 555] 



W arcing apperell CIO Boole 80s Bills and Bonds 1 1 

horse ,t mare etc £11 2 ft 14 

«owa, at* " i>s Household stuff In 

Mall £1G lil 64 3 i 

IIoiiHt'hohl goods in y r bedrootn helow £2 5a In y* ! 

in ahove 15 

TS, 

Nrtpklns, Tai' Towella it 4 



THE HISTORY OF THE HOUSE, 



20 



IS yds Ltnnlo Cloth 40s 12 ydi Druggt 40s SO yds Cot* 

Ton & Linnln 40s old Curtain 6s 
2 blankets, 2 Coverlids* I Rugg, SOs 1 Reel 10s Ltanin 

& Worsted yarn 38s 
wool loss Cotton tvooll 30s bottles 20s 2 sadles *Jfis 12 

bar* 1 '* 24s 2 tobbs 6s 
5 swine 100s Calash & Tackling 40s Slay 18s 
an old saw mill standing on Ipswich River with y* apur- 

te nance 9 heJongiDg to y* mill without y* privtledge 

of y* s tree m 

An addition of the Farsouall Estate of John Whipple Esij 
April 17th, 1723, 
One silver headed Cain 35s one walnut staff with silver 

head 13s 
one old Desk 3s pr Cards Is 4d 1 Knife and fork 2a 

about 50 Gro. buttons old 6s 
1 pr sheers tid 1 old press? !Ss 1 pine chest 4s 1 Table 

4s 1 Do 2s 2 old Chairs Is 1 pr stllLards 5s 



6 



5 8 



IS 

taitti 



3 
12 4 



14 8 



When the Rev, John Rogers receipted for his son's leg- 
acy, as biff guardian, it is recorded that it was in accord- 
ance with the will of" Major John Whipple." It is im- 
portant I lint every clew however alight to the successive 
rations of Whipplee he noted, as we enter now a be- 
wildering maze of John Whipple, Captain John, Major 
John, Cornet John, Elder John, John Senior, etc*, through 
which it is very difficult to thread our way. 

This will of Major Whipple drawn in 1722 contains* one 
item of note in determining the ap:e of different portions 
of the house. It mentions the " kitchen & Leanto." One 
addition, at leant, had been made prior to this date ; hut 
whether it was the very small leanto that seems to have 
been built on the northeast corner, or the larger and later 
addition that provided a new kitchen, we cannot deter- 
mine. I incline to the former hypothesis* as there is men- 
tion of only four rooms in the will and inventory. Two 
slaves are included in his estate, a negro man, who was 
given to Dame Crocker, and Hannah, who became the 
property of the minister's wife, Mrs, John Rogers. We 
are glad that she was a person of sufficient note to be men- 
tioned by name. The bumble black man, who was sand- 
wiched in between "an old common right** and ff Two 
es f " is mentioned only as a chattel. 

Major John Whipple was the eldest sou of Captain John 
Whipple Senior, who made his will in 1G£3, The will is 
•of value, and is inserted in fulL The inventory, which 



26 



THE HISTORY OF THE HOC8R. 



follows, is minute nnd h published in u very sis. 
it bridged form. 



THE LAST WILL AND TESTAMENT OF CAPT. .JOHN WHIPPLE 
SEN. OP IPSWICH. 

[, John Whipple Sen of Ipswich, bavins; not settled my 
fore in case of death do Uuh order tin- eM-atr ^ 
clonsly given me. InprlmLs ray will Is yt Elizabeth, my w 
w!fe f shall enjoy one halfe of my dwelling bonae bo loi 
see cause to live therein, and if my exeeut" shall provl 
Of a cow or two, with j* use of An horse for he] 

And my will further is yt my execut r " shall pay or c 

If teen pounds byy' year, besides* w* men* 

tloned during y* time of her natuntU Life. Item, my will is 
daughl* Susan Lane shall have y e portion w ' 1 si 

calved (which [judge to he about sea venty pound IS ail hun- 

dred and fifty pound*. In like specie as before, l 
daughter shall have y* remainder (if her portion paid her within 

after my decease, my will likewise is 
daughter Sarah Whipple shall be brought up with her 
be willing thereunto) and niy executors to allow her 
is Tiecfssiiry thereunto, A to have likewise an hundred 
pounds f*>r her portion at the time of her mar when she 

ige< Concerning m tone, it 

was my intent y l if raj divided into Bf <kleait 

b parts Lhereol 
y* other three via. Matth' >arah. But app 

l am Q I inns dispose 

viz. I will that my son John and o 
eteeul 

i hem two, as 
And f hen m> Will in Lhi 
all y r Lands, Lioubi 
thereunto beh >nglng 

ham Is <>i Arthui ri i h-ir w 

Matthew en Lands, ho re he now llv< 

rmro of I 

buildings, IfalUngoU nds, pnstu 

I now h 

tie hlmaelfe cornea <>f \ 

im hum I out of ll 

and y t and he to be paid out of j* 

juiI othe, 

snd Matthew 

and pergonal be 
and if then my > 

fifth j I hhtrt »nd 

land fall.* 



THE HISTORY OP THE HOUSE. 



27 



JOHN WHIPPLE 



forever. In witness whereof I nave set to my hand & scale tuts second 
of August 1683, 

John Whipple. 
my will also is y 1 if my two sons, John ft Mat- 
thew choose to enjoy y* farmes y* then J 110 shall 
also have y e ten acres of marsh by Qui Iters & 
Matthew as much of my marsh Id y e Hundreds 
to them and their Heires forever excepting y* 
marsh In y* Island w c * may be sold to pay debts. 

signed, sealed & Delivered in presence of us 

William Hun bard 
Samuel Phillips 
Dasibl Epps 
[ Probate Records 304 : 10.] 

An Inventory of the Estate of Captalne John Whipple of Ipswich, 
taken by us whose names arc underwritten ihe tenth of Septemb* 

Impr* His wearing Apparel I, Woollen & Linneu prized at 

£27 1*1 27 18 

It, A fe»uhiT Bed ft BdlBto 1 £t curt"' valllns, covert* 3 all 

;ir-e£l2 17 

i :. \ Diaper tablecloth at £2 5s a shorter Diaper table 

rh t'] ■** (Jd 3 7 6 

It. An <>M cupboard cloeth 2s Lesser cupboard cloeih 5s 

11 
Pillow Beeres 3s 9 Diaper napkins 13s <;d 3 
napkins 7s I 9 8 

It. Turkey worke for chairs & fringe & cloeth to make 

th(i 3 5 

It* Linsy woolsey cloeth VZs fld a Remnant of Broad 

cloth lis a yd Kersey 8s 1 6 S 

It, Fine cloth to bottom chairs £3 13s cushions 9s a 

chest of drawers £2 16s 6 17 

It. Two cushion stooles at Us agrcafcclmire 5s Brass 

cob irons £1 5s 1 16 

It. A looking glass 10s two wicker bask* < 

Ss four c hair. s £1 12s 3100 

It. Two bolsters £1 5s coverlid £1 a blanket ft sheet £1 3 5 

a Bedstead & cover His 6 tine wrought chairs £2 8s 3 4 

It Three Leather chairs 9s frlog cbairo fls a great 

110 

It Pine Stool fringe 6s cushions 4s (covered) — 

form & s too I e 7s brass rtre pan tongs 
& snuffers " ISO 

u£s & a warming pan 12s a case 
of K 17 

It. P Belt £2 15s one enshen and mat 

7s S 3 

.. Brush & Broomes 2s 3 Pictures 8a a Book of 

ps 5s 10 

. Thirteen napkins &, towells 10s a course table cloth 

l 
old table-Cloths two towells & two cheese cloth 

6 



28 


THE HISTORY OP THE HOUSE. 






it. 


Three sheets 18s one sheet 3s one pair of sheets 168 


2 


2 


It 


One pair of fine sheets £1 5s ao old pair tis old 








Books 2s 


l 


18 


it. 


Two course pillow beers 3s three bolster cases 7s 5 








pillow beers 1 sheet 


1 


S 6 


it. 


One sheet 12s 6d old sheet 4s another 4s on© 








sheet 8 s 


1 


se 


it. 


A sheet & Bolster case St 04 • Pillow case & drawers 








2S 




& e 


It- 


A yellow silk scarfe 12s an old yellow scarf 10s 


1 


2 


it. 


A yard 4 fine uoland 15s Hemn*' of bol"* 3s yarns, 








thread tap 


I 


8 


it. 


One chest 6 s a Rapeyer & Belt £1 13s a cut las 15s 








a Rapcyer 10s 


a 


40 


it. 


Files and sawes 3s chissells, gouges, gimblefcs 8s 8d 




e s 


it. 


Three pair of sheares 4s 6d two locks 2s one 








auger Is 




7 e 


it. 


One auger Is a span shackle & pin 2s old Iron 4 








stirrup irons 6s 




9 


it. 


Two old Bills Is whissells 3s Basket & Gloves 3s 





7 


it. 


A Basket & yarne 3s scales & lead weights 12s 





18 


it. 


A com pas 2 s a file Is A Razor & hone 8s Box 4 








old Iron 2s 6 d 





8 6 


It 


A great Bible 16s in Books £5 8a 9d 5 Bottles of 








syrrup of clove glHy ft 


7 


H 9 


it. 


Three bottles of Rose water Gs two Bottles of mint 








water 3s 




9 


It, 


A Glass Bottle of Port wine 2s Angelica water air- 
nip of glllt fl w|ki strawberry water $ Bottles 4s 3 








pint Bottles a great Glass 4s 




10 


it, 


Tare* izreate Gaily Pots w* w 1 was in them 4s 2 








earthen chamber pots, etc 




10 


it. 


A Box Drawers, two pe ices of twine £1 2s a bag 








with sugar Is 6d 


1 


S 6 


it. 


Spurs and wyer Is fid 2caynes2s croaper and a 








girdle Is 3d 





4 * 


It, 


A Bedstead atid cover above and below curtains and 








v a! lance £2 (Id 


2 


6 


it. 


A cupboard with small things in it £2 3d A deske 








and drawer** Tig 


2 11 


it. 


A small Box Is a brush and a stock to do llmmes Is 








6d 





2« 


it. 


Seaven dishes of white earthen ware oue Bason and 








a sully bnh pot 16a 


o b 


it. 


One glass slick stone earthen porrenger and pot 3s 








2 flower pots Is 





4 


It, 


(ins hens £1 10s table 10s great chair 4s 8 








small chaires 6s 


2 


10 


It. 


To a grrat dial re 4 s window curtain Is 6d part of 








a Burling cloth 8s 





IS * 


it, 


Forty cheeses £5 au apple trough 6s two powder- 








fog tabs tin (id Lether 2s 




14 « 


it. 


BarreUs 8s a great glass Is a powder- 








ing tub 5s and old tubs 4a 




18 


It, 


andirons 14s churn 4s flrkln w lb 4 lb of butter 








£1 5*— 


2 


80 





THE HISTORY OF THE HOWE, 


29 


It 


Two earthen pots 2s 4 pound candles 2s 8d a hand 






jack Ifl 3d I p r scales gaily pot 


10 & 


It. 


The heat pewter 77 ib £7 1 4s 10 lb more of pewter 






£1 old pewter 1 51b £1 candlesticks £1 


10 14 


n. 


i Bed pan 9s two basons 8 s four old candlesticks 






9s 5 salt sellers 5s one more 2s 


1 13 


11 


Two Basons 44 Pottlngera one beaker 9s 6 new 






potti tigers 7s Bd a pottiuger 4s 


1 6 


it. 


Two pint pots 6a flagon 14s 'I quart pots 6s 


i e o 


it. 


Two old chamb r pots 10s 4 lb old pewter & a 3 qt 






bason 9s cop' pot 6s tin- ware 6s tin? 


1 11 


it. 


Plate one bowle? £3 three spoons £1 10s sliver cup 
10s pair buttons 2s fid three pair buttons 3s one 
buckle Is a pair of shoe buckles 6s 3 dozen of plate 






buttons £1 


6 12 6 


it. 


a still with Inst rum 1 ' belonging £ 1 10s tin Ian thorn 






Is beams for scales & weights 


2 1 


it. 


a Box Iron 4s a smoothing Iron Is a brass copp" 






£7 a great Brass pan £2 Us 


9 19 


it 


Two small brass pans £1 12s 6d old copper kit tie 15s 






a brass kittle £1 5s 


S 12 6 


it. 


Two small bras* skillets 6s 2 small brass Ladles & 






one skimmer 4s 6d 


10 6 


it 


A drass bason 4 a skillet 5s a little brass kettle 7s 






skillet 4s 


1 


it. 


1 combs w t!l be lungs to them 16s a brass cnafeing 






dish 3s 


10 o 


lu 


Two bell mettle pots one £2 5s y* other £1 5s an 






Iron kettle tfs & lit 1 iron pot 


4 4 


\u 


Two dozen of trenchers Is t»d one tray 6 old dishes 






w lh other dishes 3s 4d two plains is <><{ 


1M 


It 


Three cheeshoopes Is earthen Pitcher 3d one pi 






one piggin & strainer 3s 9d 


5 


it. 


A n iron pot ft pot-hooks 9s 6d Two tramela w lh irons 






tang upon ]2a 


l I g 


it 


r of bellows, meat forke, sugar & gridiron 4s a 






• ui'l with hooks to it 12a 


o io o 


It 


a fowling piece £1 10s two carbines £2 a jack, 






weight A a *pit £2 10 


G00 


It. 


a salt box & salt Is two old bibles Is 4 old chairs & 






old jojnt stoole 4s 


o e o 


It 


a meale trough 6s sires 3s 6d shreding knife la 






frying pan and marking Iron 4s 


14 G 


It 


Yum 3j cap & fard In galls Is a kettle & skillet 9s 


IS 


It 


a bed & bedding 15s old spinning wheel 3a an old 






■ In- 


1 I 


It. 


The Homestead at towne, dwelling house, kilne & other 






houses 


330 


It. 


a great saddle bridle & breast plate, croupe r w lh a 






er at £3 10s 


3 10 


It 


Pistols, holsters, breastplate crooper & si miter £2 5s 


2 5 


It. 


a tramel & slice Gs 


G 


1L 


two keelers 4s 


4 


It. 


Lawrence y t Indian at £4 3 yds crape at (Is 


4 ti 


It 


Tin farme Larules, Arthur Abbots housing & land 


190 U 


It. 


Feun* 1 lousing & land 


190 



30 



THE HISTORY OP THE HOUSE. 



It The saw-mill w m all implements belonging to it 40 

It. John's house i barn & kilne at HO HO 

It. Matthew's house 41 barn 14 o 
The total appraisal was £3314. 

It will be noticed that the homestead was apportioned 
to Joseph in the will, but in the final division as it i 
corded under date of Oct, 31, 1684, John received " tbfl 
mansion house his father deceased in wth B&ra,OUthoi 
Kilne, orchards A homestead irth commonage A privileges 
in and upon Two acre* & a half of land be it more or 
culled ye Homestead in [pewioh Towne" (Book 305: 
folio 135). 

Captain Whipple's farm lands included the pr< 
Gardi le, I judge, in Hamilton. His wealth was 

very unusual in his day, and the upp raised value of the 
honae with its modest house lot is phenomenal. It was 
valued at £330. 

General Deniaon's property was inventoried the 
2, and his dwelling house was appraise 
£160 (Ipswich Records 4 :506)« He was a man of wealth 
(£2105), and his house had been built but ears, 

as Ms earlier residence h*d been burned, yet this fine 
id en re as we may imagine it to hare been, wm reckoned 
worth leas than half as much as Captain Whipple's man* 

Deputy Governor Samuel Symonds died on Oct. 13, 

1678, five years before, leaving an estate of 2534 pounds 

sterling, hut his house and about two acres in town, in the 

centra, were estimated worth only one hundred and 

fifty pon. 

These valuations confirm me in the belief that Captain 
Whipple's mansion was the grandest in the town or in 
the larger neighborhood* He Inherited a cnmforl 
tort une from his father. John Whipple, the elder of the 
church* His will and inventory made iu the year I 
and indorsed upon the outside "Elder John Whip 
are as follows; 

WILL OF .IOJJV WHIPPLE, SlUflOB— 

tu the in i^n, I, j n or Ipswli 

ileitis In this prr- 



THE HISTORY OF THE HOUSE. 



31 



and memory* though weake in body, committing my souk* into the 
hands of Almighty God> and my body to decent buryali, in hope of 
on unto Eternal! life by the Merit and power of Jesus 
my moet mercy full Saviour and Kedeemer, doe thns dispose of 
apoi w eh God hath grrnctoiisely given mee* 

g, l give onto Susanna Worth of NeVhery toy eldest daugh- 
i thirty pounds and a allver beer bowlc and a silver wine cup. 
ny daughter Mary Stone twenty pounds and one 
r wine enp, and a silver dram me cnp. 
I Live unto my daughter Sarah Goodhue twenty pounds, 
all tie. real of my household poods my will is that they be equally 
betwixt my three daughters Afore wtyd. Hut for their 
111 is thai tid be pay d them wi n, in 

two yts r my decease t and if it should so fall oof f* any of 

my :iyd should be taken avrsy by death l»efore 

this time of payment be come, my will is that the Respective I 
e Uf payd to their Hey res when they come of age* Ltkei 

'--iitouy Potter, my son-in-law Sometime, fourty shll- 
Hn| 

Moreover I give unto Jennett my beloved Wife ten pound* which 

my Will \B y l 11 should he payd her besides the fourteen pound* 

and y' annuity Of ill pOUSds n yi-are eniruged unto her In the i r- 

n before ourMnrryaie. Concerning the four- 

dm pound, which Is to be Returned backe to bef Aftef mj 

Cease, my Will is y< It Should h<- payed (both for thru- nud manner 

rdlng t«> y* sayd Agreement, viz: one third part in 

whe snd Indian Come In eqnall proportions, the other 

two thirds in iu:ir Cattle under aeaven yea^old* Further my will 

Is y* no debt should be charged upon my said wife a* touching any 

Of her daughters, until it be first proved to arise from the account 

I a re y , S a rah or M ary . 
I do appynt my loving friends, M r William Hubbard and Mr. John 
Rogers of Ipswich, the overseers of this my last will and Testa- 
ment, and 1 doe hereby give them power to determine any tliflfer- 

" y l may arise betwixt my executor, and any of the I 
atoresayd, about y* pay men ts aforesayd. Lastly I onlay u and Vp- 
at my son John Whipple the sole e Las) will 

and Testament. To whom I clve all the rest of my estate, both 
lands, cattle. Debts from whomsoever due and to his 
B forever. 
In confirmation whereof I have hereunto set my lmn.i ami sotle 
10th day of May, !6(i&* In the presence of 

am fit uraro The marke of 

HoftKUT Day 
The marke of | | | Edward Lcmmas John 7} Wiiim I 



M This will waa presented in court held at [pawich 28 (if 

ptember, 1669, by the oath of Mr, Wry Hubbard aim] 
Robert Day to l»e the ln«t will and teatametit of Elder 
John Whipple deceased lo the best of their koowledj 
attest, Robert Lord, cleric." 

"An inventory of the estate of Mr* John Whipple de- 

taed the 30 of June, 1669," 



32 



THE HISTORY OF THE HOUSE. 



Imp i\ The farme contaymiitr, about three hundred and 






sixty acres 


150 


It* 


The houses and lands In ye Towne coutayning about 






one hundred at 


o 


It, 


In iip pare! 1 


g h 


It, 


In linden 


6 


It. 


A ffeather bed with a npurte nances 


7 O 


It, 


In Plate 




It. 


In Pewter 


♦ 00 


It 


In Brasse 


8 10 


it 


in rhnvrtfs t cushions* & other small things 


I 7 


It. 


A Still 


it; <> 


It. 


Two flock Beds 


1 10 


It. 


Two Tables 


OHO 


It. 


one muftquet, one pr of mustard quernes 


IS 


It 


Andirons, firepan & tongs 


14 


It. 


Two mortars, two splits 


10 


It 


In Bookea 


2 8 




Hi 1 



Ipswich July 15th, '69 

KlCHAKD HUHUaKO 

JoiiH Apfleton 

(The originals are endorsed "Elder John Whipple.") 
The inventory was delivered in court hetd at Ipewtoh 
the 28 of September, 1669, upon the oath of comeU John 
Whipple to !>e a full & true inventory of the estate of hi* 
(father, deceased, to the best of hie knowledge and if more 
appears afterward it should be added, As atte- 

Kobeul Lord, * !lei 



The Elders estate included the large $60 acre 
which had been divided into several by the prosperous 
Comet and Captain, and Other property, en: 
" bouses and lands in ye Towne eontnyning about one hun- 
dred acres," valued at £250, The two acre bometot and 
homestead **ara contained in this beyond a doubt, kwl we 

cannot be sure how much fclee is included. It doe* not 
seem possible til m t Captain Whipple's mansion should 
have been identical with the Elder 1 * houae. The E 

iae in value within the abort period of fourtei 
L669->1683, Indicates at leovt a lubetaotiat enlarge 
rebuilding* This supposition hiinnonizes perfectly with 
the fact, apparent to every obeerver, thai half 

ol the present edifice ivm added to I tern porl 

and the elaborate and eostlv atyli of the uewer work 



THE HISTORY OP THE HOUSE. 



33 



presupposes such ample wealth as Captain Whipple poa- 

ssed. 

A very interesting (jural lei to such an enlargement is 
1 in the old Howard or Ringe house, as It is culled, 
near I he Stone Bridge on Turkey Shore, In William 
Howard s will dated July 23, 1709, he say a : 

** Item* I tfl ft unto my loving and well-beloved wife the use both of 
the old end of my house mansion and of the new end, so far as she 
shall have occuMoji for during her natural life, 

tein, I give to my two sons John and Samuel Howard, viz, to 
my son John, rii»- new end of my house mansion which Is not yet fully 
finished, with hnlf the stack of chimneys built in said new cnd t which 
will best serve for the bm thereof, 

1 [ten. I give to my son Samuel my old mansion house and also 
one-half of of chimneys built in the new end of said house, 

which will best suit for the accommodation of said mansion house/' 

Evidently a considerable change in the chimney of the 
old house was involved, and in our house, it is evident 
that ihe chimney stack was enlarged when this new por- 
tion was added. The Western half of our house was 
probably therefore Elder Whipple's home, and as the 
fashion of houses was in those days, it was a very good 
and comfortable house, much larger and better than many 
which were built in that period- He acquired the property 
from John Fawnc, by a deed recorded in the old Ipswich 
hooka (1 :89), which reads as follows: 

lid that I, John Fawne, Kent, do by these presents, allow, certifle 
& crmurme, unto Mr. John Whipple his he ires and assigns forever, a 
certainr bargained sale of an housed house lott in Ipswich coriteinlog 
imatloa two acres & a halfe, more or lesse t formerly souid unto the 
said John Whipple by John Jolly, ftainuell Af»pltftoa, John Cogswell, 
rt Muziey t & Humphrey Broadstreete &doe hereby release all mj 
right and title thereunto, as witness my hand & scale, this iuth day of 
October, 1650 John Fawne. 

The original deed is not to he found, and this quit claim 
only perfect a the title to the property, which was 
purchased by Whipple from six well-known citizens acting 
me collective capacity, not yet discoverable. But it 
it of great value as proving Fawne's original ownership. 
But John Whipple wan living on this spot in 1642, for in 
that, year the Inwn ordered that John Whipple "should 
• the fence to be made between the house late Cap- 
tain Deniion'a and thesayd John Whipple, namely on the 



34 



THE HISTORY OF THE HOUSE* 



side next Capt. Deniaott's." But Fawne 'a occupancy of 
this location had ceased in 1638, inasmuch as in our Town 
Record, it was recorded in 1638, that eight acres had been 
" granted to Samuel Appletou above the Mill, the Town 
River on the South East, the house lot formerly John 
Fa w ne'e North East, and the highway leading into the 
Common, North west." Whipple may have been livii 
there at that early period. 

It la not beyond the bounds of possibility that thia 
western end of the old mansion may have been erected by 
Mr. Fawne prior to this early date. 

By a singular coincidence, Deputy Governor Symozi 
who had lately purchased the Argilla Farm, wrote Mr. 
AVinthrop in 1637 full instructions as to the kind of a 
house, he wished to be built, 

"I think to make it ■ girt bowse will make it ttt 
chargeable than neede ; however the side hearers for the 
second story being to be loaden with come etc. roust 
be pinned on, but rather eyther sett into the studdl or 
borne up with false studds&soe tenanted in ;ti the ends*" 

The studs of this part of the house extend from the 

Hill to the plate, and the "aide-hearers*' or supjtorts for 

the floor joists are oak planks, some six inches wide, and 

Inches thick, let into the studs and fastened with o&k 

pins, after the fashion of the modern (< balloon-frani 

This similarity in construction, coupled with the 
that the farm bouse wib t<> be a substantial t 
building with garret, ''30 or 35 foote long, 1<« or 1R 
{bote hroade," encourages the belief that this part of our 
House was one of the earliest houses, of the better 
built by the Hrst settler 

These ancient grants afford us the first links in the chain 
of collateral evidence which confirms our identification of 
the property mentioned in these virions wills with our 
mansion and lot. 

Our Town Record mentions that Mr. Fawne bail a 
hotiselot adjoining to Mr. Appletoi r the 

mill. 

Daniel Denison had :i house lot, next V 
come to the seirt of the hill next the swamp." 1 1 
■gtua described r the mill, eontainii 



THE HISTORY OF THE HOUSE. 



35 



two acres, which be hath paled in and built an house upon 
it, having Mr- Fawne'a house lot oil the South west** 

Deni&oirs properly included the tract bounded by Mar- 
.V inter und Union streets. The Appleton lot was on 
both aides of the Topsfield road, beyond the present rail- 
way crossing- Fawue's land lay between them. As he 
sold only two and a half acres to Whipple the balance of 
his original grant had been sold apparently to Mr. Apple- 
ton as he always appears as the abutter on the western 
side. 

The grant to Denison originally included a lot that 
bounded the Whipple land on the southeast, t\ e. toward 
the Kiver, This was owned afterwards by John Burnham 
and Anthony Potter* A portion of this original Den i son 
grant was owned by Jeremiah Belcher. 

On the occasion ol his marriage with Mary Lock wood. 
Belcher conveyed to Mr. Robert Paine, Richard Brown 
"Wbury and Robert Lord of Ipswich, * in behalf of 
the sayd Mary ett\" " his now dwelling house with out- 
houses, orchards, yards, gardens & all other the appurte* 
nanoei and priviledges thereunto belonging, which house 
is acituate, lying & being in Ipswich aforeaaydj neare the 
niill on 1 1 if north side the river, having the said river to- 
I the southeast, and the land of John Whipple toward 
the uorw 7 : 165 2 (Ipswich Deeds, 1 :I89). Twelve 

years later, Jeremiah Belcher mortgaged his farm and 
town property to Tapt, Geo, Corwin. The dwelling and 
land about it are described as follows : * On the West ride 
of the Mill River, hairing the River on the East side there- 
of, the land of Elder Whipple on the west, and on the 
north, the Towue and mill <fe bordering southward upon 
the land of Elder Whipple" (Essex Deeds, 2 :9S). 

On the 8th of April, 1672, Anthony Potter sold Samuel 
Belcher (son of Jeremiah) a .small piece of land, f 'joyue- 
ing to the houselott of Jeremiah Belcher and bounded 
therewith and with the river on the South and Southwest 
lyde, and with the houselott of John Whipple on the 
Northwest and with the highway on the North East, all 
which piece of land I had of John Rurnhanv (Ipswich 
Deeds, 3:823), 

On April 20, 1672, the Rev. Samuel Belcher, Pastor on 



36 



THE BISTORT OF THE HOUSE. 



the Isle of Shoals, sold to Edward Lumase, in btt&llf ol 
Richard Sal tons tall, E 

T A parcel I of ground near unto the mill, for to sett a 
house upon for the miller, that shall keepe the mills from 
tyme to time, to live and dwell in while he or they ahull 
keepe the sayd mills," "couteineing about six n>«l 
land hounded by a fence of pales toward the West, the 
barne of Jeremiah Belcher toward the South, dowoe t<> 1 
rocke near the end of the sd. barne toward the East, & 
comon land or highway, where gravell hath beene digged 
towards the North" (Ipswich Deeds, 3 r3S9)« 

This is the only deed which contains the name of Sal* 
tnnstalL Before remarking on it, let me add two others. 
Mary Belcher, the widow of Jeremiah, set over to her sou 
Samuel, who then resided in Ipswich, "all that houseloU 
given <Jc made over to me by way of Jointure on Marriage, 

bounded by y c grist mill in Ipswich easterly, Mr, 

John Applaton'a land Southerly, Mr, John Whipple's 
land Northerly, the other part bounded by the way to sd 
Land or lott, and partly by land granted to Major Den- 
uison, now possessed and built on by Samuel Belch- 

venu 11:1672 (Essex Deeds 49:251). 

In 1713, Sept. 25, Mr, Samuel Belcher sold this prop- 
erty to Capt- John Whipple "one halfe m:vo of Land be 
ye same more or less with y e house, barn and on bard 

standing thereon bounded northeasterly by a highway 

Leading toy* mill, Southeasterly by Ipswich liive: 
westerly by Land <>f CoL John Appletcm, N tcrly 

by Land of y* above ad Capt, John Whipple/* 

(Eaeex Deeds, 29sfl 

Comparing tbeee deeds it will he ween at once thai th^ 
bit of land sold to Mr* Salt Oil* tail for the miller's h. 
was only a part of Samuel Belcher's land, and thai 
whole Belcher property was hounded then, as it had 
for many yearn by the Whipple i from that 

a six rod lot is rather small for a mansion like this, tb> 
it wen- then only half its prcM-tit length. 

old Jeremiah Belcher tot reappear* in the Tr Brack* 
anbury lot" which William Braokenbury, of No; 
Una, planter, then in Ipswich, sold to Math. Farley alKmt 
$ acre, which is bounded by John Crock.. :jver and 






THE HISTORY OF THE HOUSE. 



37 



other land of Farley's. On April 30, 1771 (Essex Deeds 
129 ;112), when the heirs of Joseph Crocker sold to Col- 
onel Hodgkins, the lot was hounded by land of Enoch 
Pearson and Joseph Farley, the river, etc. 

Not a link of any importance is lacking. The direct 
pedigree of the land is through Fawne, the W hippies, and 
the Crockors to Colonel Hodgkins, The abutting estates 
are always bounded by these owners. Mr. Saltonstall never 
owned an inch of land on this site- The estate always in- 
cludes two or two and a half acres, 1 dwell on this only 
in the interest of exact historic truth* We cannot call our 
house by the name of Snltonstull. If any name is given 
it, thai of Whipple has first claim. 

To my mind the particular name we give this bonne is 
of small moment. The old mansion itself is a constant 
reminder of all the glorious names which hallow and il- 
lumine the early ye:irs of our town life, Saltonstall and 
Winthrop, Symonds and Denison, Ward and Norton and 
Hubbard and all the rest. They were all friends of the 
Elder. Every one of them may have crossed our thresh- 
old. As we sit here in the flickering firelight we seem 
to see them sitting as of old, and conversing on the great 
themes, matters of public safety, affairs of church and 
state, and the momentous events that were happening in 
the dear old England, which were much in their minds. 
The old pavement in the door yard rings again with the 
hoof- beats of Cupt. Whipple's horse hurrying to lead his 
troopers on a swift ride to Andover to repel an Indian 
assault. John Appleton and Thomas French are talking 
in this very room of their imprisonment and trial for ad- 
vocating resistance to the royal governor's edict, and de- 
manding representation before they would submit to taxa- 
tion. Colonel Hodgkins and Colonel Wade and Major 
Burnham smoke and sip their steaming cups and chat of 
Bunker Hill and Yorktmvn, of Burgoyne and CornwalHs, 
Washington and Lafayette. 

The rumble of Polly Crafts* loom overhead, the whirr 

of spinning wheel*, the beat of the churn, the ronr of great 

winter fires, the hissing of meats on the long spits, the 

s of children at their play, or demurely reciting the 

catechism, the good wife's chat with neighboring gossips, 



38 THE HISTORY OF THE HOU8E. 

the loud laughter of the slaves, the tale of love, the sol- 
emn declaration of the last Will and Testament, the weep- 
ing of mourners blend strangely together in these low 
vaulted rooms. We see visions as we sit and dream of 
Thanksgiving feast days, when the long tables groaned 
under their weight of delicacies, of weddings and funerals, 
of home-comings and leave-takings. 

Thus the life of the ancient times revives again, the his- 
tory of other days becomes a living reality, and the sombre 
old mansion is made a living, speaking witness to the 
naturalness, the simplicity, the sturdiness, the refinement, 
the devotion of the old Puritan home life. It remains for 
us, catching the inspiration of this hour, to make this 
house a worthy memorial of the Past. 



ANNUAL MEETING, DEC. 3, 1900. 



The Annual Meeting of the Ipswich Historical Society 
was held on Monday. December 3, 1900, at eight o'clock 
K vv at the House of the Society, 

Officers were elected for the ensuing year, as follows : 
President — T, Frank Water*, 

n -j * 4 John B. Brown, 
/r ^ de '^-j John Heard. 
'lerk — John W. Goodhue, 

«r — T. Frank Water . 

f Charles A* Say ward* 
Director* — 2 John H« Cogswell, 
£ Edward Kavanugh, 

-//.— John H. Cogswell. 
/./// — 'John J, 8 id I i van. 

The reports of the President and Treasurer were read. 
It wis voted that a committee of three be appointed to 
consider the election of suitable markers at points of his- 
tone interest. The President appointed, John B. Brown, 
Charles A* Say ward and Edward Constant. It was voted 
that tin* President be added to this committee. 

Annual Report or the President. 

Ten years Ago, on the 14th of April, 1900, our Histori- 
cal Society was organized. Six years of dreamy existence, 
without an abiding place and with only occasional mani- 
festations of life, followed. On Feb, 3, 1896, a distinct 
evidence of more vigorous purpose was given. On that 
date, the room in the old Probate Building was dedicated, 
and the collection of antiques was begun. The 1 9th of 
October, 1898, witnessed the formal exercises of dedica- 
tion of this House, and the inauguration of a new and 
more ambitious method. The completion of our tenth 
year finds that vigor unimpaired, and gratifying evidence 

(39) 



40 



ANNUAL REFOET OF THE PRESIDENT. 



that our Society has entered upon a career of established 
prosperity and usefulness. 

As our house is our unique and most precious posses- 
sion, its widely increasing tame is a matter of great satis* 
faction. The large number of visitors who find their way 
to our doora during the summer months is, In itself, suffi- 
cient proof that our work ol "restoration and furnishing has 
been recognized as a valuable contribution to the historic*] 
material of our times. During the winter months, from 
December to April, one hundred and twenty-seven names 
were recorded in the Visitors Book. April brought fifty 
more* In May, there were one hundred ami seven* June 
saw two hundred and six* During the month of July, a 
textile exhibition was arranged* A valuable collection 
of foreign textiles ff&s secured by Miss Gray from the Art 
Museum and from friends. Our members and friend* of 
the Society loaned their own treasures readily. An 
ancient loom was erected in the attic, and a web of 
earpet was woven by a skilled weaver, whom we dis- 
covered in our neighborhood. This exhibition was adver- 
tised extensively, and came into very favorable notice. 
Owing in fact, no doubt to this, the July list of visil 
rose to three hundred and seven, and the August total 
was five hundred and fifty-two. The admittance fee was 
raised to twenty-five cents, and there were few who did 
Dot feel that it was a very reasonable figure. The 
tember visitors were two hundred and seven, and since 
then there have been one hundred and twenty- live. 

The goodly total of 1681 visitors for the year is an il 
of notable significance. As was remarked in the Report 
of last year, a surprisingly small percentage of tlii* large 
number is drawn from our own community, and a sur- 
prisingly largi* proportion of our fisitOTi are from remot 
sections of our land and from foreign lands. A i five 

series of twenty names recorded in the first week of October 
reveals residents of Toledo, Ohio ; Amsterdam, Holla h 
Frankfort, Germany; Oakland, California ; Honolulu^ 
Hawaii ; Kaloa Kauai, Hawaii ; Birmingham, Alabau 
London, England, and three of our Ipswich folk 
may not presume that i i veils rs from afar came bo- 

cause they wished to see for themselves, as the Queen 
Sbeba journeyed to Solomon's court, but we may be sure 



ANNUAL REPORT OF THE PRESIDENT* 



41 



that they were interested to turn aside from the beaten 
round of holiday travel and spend a little while under our 
roof* 

The quality of our visitors, as well, is interesting. 
Many are people of finest culture „ and wide acquaintance 
with history and the work of Historical Societies, Their 
appreciation of our bouse and its contents is always spoil- 
hmruus and enthusiastic* One gentleman from London 
remarked on the particular value of many pieces of fur* 
niture. Doubleday, Page and Co., of New York, sent 
recently an expert photographer t Mr. R. F, Turn bull of 
New York, to photograph a list of articles for a work on 
colonial furniture by Alias Singleton. Mr. Hall (day of 
Boston, the publisher of a series of photographs of ancient 
and historic buildings, came to spend an hour and tarried 
nearly a day, and made some beautiful exterior views. 

The contributions to our collections have been numer- 
ous, and some are of notable value, A complete list is 
appended, but attention may be called here to a few of ex- 
ceptional interest. Mr. Kobert C Winthrop, Jr., has 
sent a letter written by Elizabeth Chute, the wife of James 
Chute, son of the ancient schoolmaster, Lionel Chute, I 
presume, addressed in the stately form of that period : 
To bar honored and much 
respected friend M r John 
Wiiitmp at Mr. Adam 
Win trap's house at 
Boston this 
present 
and signed 

Your lo : 'kinswomen 
In what I can 
Elizabeth Chute 
From Ipswich, this 
10 th of Oct: 1653. 

The letter is full of anxious solicitude for her little son, 
then in delicate health, and requests Mr, Winthrop to 
prescribe for bis and her own ailments. Its tone is most 
tender and delicate. 

A second contribution to our manuscripts is an ancient 



42 



ANNUAL REPORT OF TUB PRESIDENT. 



deed of Nathaniel Kinsman of Gloucester to Jonathan 
Burley of Norwich, Conn., of "one mollatto Servant named 
Silaa of the age of Sixteen years," for hi 3 m Proper SenH 
Use and Benefit and Behoof for and during the natural I 
Life of the said Mollatto servant" w in con aide ration of 
the sum of three hundred and tifty Pounds in Bills of 
public Credit of the old Tenor.** This pathetic reminder 
of slavery in our midst bears the date, August 23, 1749, 
It was contributed by Mr. Frederic J. Kingsbury of Water- 
bury, Cotm>« who lias also made a generous donation to 
the treasury. 

CoL Luther Caldwell very generously contributed nine 
volumes in cloth and ten in white vellum of his ft Life of 
Anne Brad street," the proceeds of the sale to be used for 
the bene tit of the Society, 

Mr. Francis R. Appleton has given the beautifully 
framed portrait of Rev, Joseph Mi-K^tu D.D., wliich 
now adorns our Cabinet Room. Dr. McKean was the son 
of William and Sarah Cogswell McKean, daughter of Dr. 
.luseph Manning. He became Professor of Rh nd 

Oratory in Harvard < \illege* He married Amy, d*t 
Of Major Joseph Swaaey, and died at the early age of 
in Havana, Culm, ou the 17 th March, 1818. May *ra not 
hope that in due Lime the portraits of Daniel Dana, Dan 
Tread well and Joseph Green Cogswell, Ipswich men of 1 
finest intellectual attainments, may be given by generoua 
and appreciative friends ! 

Col. Nathnrml Shfttawell has honored us with the gift 
of a Bag of the United States, which was made in our 
town for the first company raised here to serve in the Civil 
War. Mr. Joseph I>. Dodge of Lynn fturpriaed us re- 
cently with the gift of two bronze lustre pitchers, used bv 
the judges of the Ipswich Court for thirty years from 
1820 to 1950, in perfect preservation, and the bell used 
by the Town Crier, Aaron Jewett his grandfather, for 
years. Mr. Jewett was janitor of the Court House for 
many years. It is said he used to " cry " the Court, in 
doggerel fashion : 

M Run, rogues, run. 
The Court's begun 
Stand before the Justice 
Aad teU what you've d^ 



ANNUAL REPORT OF THE PKESIDENT. 



13 



The pitchers came into his possession. Upon his death 
in 1850, his widow took them with her to Hamilton where 
she lived until the death of her son, Mr* Dodge's father, 
in 1868* She then removed to Rowley* and the pitchers 
and the bell went with her and found place on the library 
mantel of the ancestral farm house. There they remained 
for thirty -two years, until they were taken down and 
brought to this House* 

The financial status of our Society 19 rapidly becoming 
stable and prosperous. Though no large gifts have come 
to us this year, our receipts have been more than suffi- 
cient to meet our current needs. We began this financial 
year with u loan of three hundred dollars to pay the tinal 
construction bills. As the Treasurer's Report shows, 
more than four hundred dollars were spent in settling 
these accounts, A hedge of Japan Quince was set in the 
spring at an expense of $44.50. Our interest account 
required $70.70, $100 was expended for work of various 
kinds within and without the house, and other necessary 
nd it urea brought our total expense to $905*88. 

A balance of $81 .64 remained from last year. Gifts 
and membership fees netted $514.15, Our House itself, 
from admittance fees, and the sale of our publications and 
photographs brought us $282*87. A balance very nearly 
sufficient to pay the Inan remains in the Treasury, If the 
income can be secured during the year w r e now be- 
gin, it may he possible for us to make some approach to 
a fit remuneration to Miss Alice A. Gray, our devoted and 
invaluable Curator, Her services have been rendered 
from the beginning, freely and enthusiastically, and her 
delicate taste, her rare knowledge of antiques and her 
own personal collection are the principal factors in the at- 
tractive interior arrangement and furnishing of the House. 
Her assistant, Miss Julia Gutberlett, has been a cheery and 
winsome housekeeper, and chaperoue of visitors during 
Miss Gray's absence. 

Regard for the comfort of the Curator will require us 
at an early day to make suitable provision for heating the 
rear rooms by steam or hot water. Funds are needed also 
for reprinting several numbers of our annual reports. The 
sale of our pamphlets has been surprisingly good, and 



44 ANNUAL REPORT OF THE PRESIDENT. 

while the first expense of reprinting would be considera- 
ble, the sales during a few years would return a good 
profit on the investment. 

The Society is indebted to the generosity of Mr. John 
B. Brown for the entire expense of publishing the ninth 
issue in our Historical Series, which is just passing through 
the press. 

I would make fresh appeal to friends of the Society, 
and all interested in its advancement, to provide funds 
for an immediate extension of our work. We need more 
land, and means for constructing a log-house, as an illus- 
tration of the primitive homes in the wilderness. Other 
large schemes have already been outlined, and await real* 
ization. 

One line of work should be begun at once, the marking 
of spots of historic interest in our town. Meeting House 
Hill, with its successive meeting-houses, its fort, prison, 
stocks and whipping-post, the site of John Winthrop's and 
Anne Bradstreet's houses, the Argilla farm, and other loca- 
tions, need appropriate markers. It would be a happy 
inauguration of the new century, if provision could be 
made, not for a simple tablet, but for an appropriate and 
impressive memorial of the resistance to the Andros tax 
in 1687, the largest and most enduring historic event in 
our history. 



BEPOBT OF THE TBEA8UREB. 



45 



Report of the Treasurer. 

The Ipswich Historical Society 

in account with T. F. Waters, acting Treasurer. 



DR. 



Balance in Treasury, Dece 


mbei 


189$ 


>, 


* 81.64 




Loan from Ipswich Savings Bank, 300.00 




Membership Fees and Gifts, 614.15 




Receipts from house admittance fees, sale 




of books and pictures, 


282.87 






$1178.66 


CR. 




Construction account 




Edward W. Choate $70.63 




Augustine H. Plouff, 








87.06 




Michael J. Judge, 








35.45 




John W. Goodhue, 








82.41 




Austin L. Lord, . 








27.47 




Winfleld L. Johnson, . 








10.15 




William H. Bird, 








13.50 




S. Franklin Canney, 








60.90 




John S. Glover, . 


15.00 




$402.57 




Hedge and setting, 44.50 




Interest on debt, 








70.70 




Printing, . 








86.95 




Labor, 








100.30 




Postage and envelopes, 








12.16 




Water bills, 








11.30 




Photographs, 








25.09 




Lawrence Memorial Tablet, 






12.00 




Miss Gray, 






75.00 




Incidental house expense, 


65.31 






$905.88 


Balance in Treasury, 








. 


272.78 



$1178.66 



NAMES OF MEMBERS. 



Frederick J. Alley, 
Mrs. Mary G. Alley, 
Dr. Charles E. Ames, 
Daniel Fuller Appleton, 
Mrs. Susan A. R. Appleton, 
Francis R. Appleton, 
Mrs. Frances L. Appleton, 
James W. Appleton, 
Randolph M. Appleton, 
Mrs. Helen Appleton, 
Dr. G. Guy Bailey, 
Mrs. Grace F. Bailey, 
Mrs. Elizabeth H. Baker, 
Charles W. Bamford, 
Miss Mary D. Bates, 
John A. Blake, 
John E. Blakemore, 
Mrs. Caroline E. Bomer, 
James W Bond, 
Warren Boynton, 
Miss Annie Gertrude Brown, 
Charles W. Brown, 
Edward F. Brown, 
Mrs. Carrie R. Brown, 
Mrs. Elizabeth Brown, 
Mrs. Elizabeth M. Brown, 
Henry Brown, 
Miss Isabel G. Brown, 
John B. Brown, 
Mrs. Lucy T. Brown, 
Rev. Augustine Caldwell, 
Miss Floreuce F. Caldwell, 
Miss Lydia A. Caldwell, 
Miss Sarah P. Caldwell, 
Charles A. Campbell, 
Edward W. Choate, 
Philip E. Clark, 
E. Harry Clegg, 
Miss Lucy C. Cob urn, 
John H. Cogswell, 
Theodore F. Cogswell, 
Miss Harriet D. Condon, 
Rev. Edward Constant, 
Charles S. Cummings, 
Arthur C. Damon, 
Mrs. Carrie Damon, 

(46) 



Mrs. Cordelia Damon, 

Harry K. Damon, 

George G. Dexter, 

Miss C. Bertha Dobs on, 

Joseph D. Dodge, 

Harry K. Dodge, 

Mrs. Edith S. Dole, 

Rev. John M. Donovan, 

Arthur W. Dow, 

Mrs Charles G. Dyer, 

George Fall, 

Mlas Emeline C. Farley, 

Miss Lucy R. Farley, 

Joseph K. Farley, 

John S. Glover, 

Frank T. Goodhue, 

John W. Goodhue, 

Rev. Arthur H. Gordon, 

John J. Gould, 

James Graffum, 

Mrs. Eliza H. Green, 

Miss Lucy Hamlin, 

Mrs. Lois Hardy, 

Miss Margaret A. Harris, 

Mrs. Kate L. Haskell, 

George H. W. Hayes, 

Mrs. Alice L. Heard, 

Miss Alice Heard, 

John Heard, 

Miss Mary A. Hodgdon, 

Joseph I. Horton, 

Lewis R. Hovey, 

Miss Ruth A. Hovey, 

Gerald L. Hoyt, 

Miss Lucy S. Jewett, 

John A. Johnson, 

Miss Ellen M. Jordan, 

Edward Kavanagh, 

Charles M. Kelly, 

Fred A. Kimball, 

Rev. John C. Kimball, 

Aaron Kinsman, 

Miss Bethlah D. Kinsman, 

Miss Caroline L. Lakeman, 

Curtis E. Lakeman, 

Mrs. Frances C. Lakeman, 



NAMES OF 


MEMBERS. 47 


G, Frank Langdon, 


George A. Schofleld, 


Austin L. Lord, 


Dexter If. Smith, 


George A. Lord, 


Edward A. Smith, 


Mi as Lucy Slade Lord. 


Miss Elizabeth P. Smith, 


Thomas H. Lord, 


Mrs. HurHette A. Smith, 


Mrs, Lucretia 8. Lord, 


Henry P* Smith, 


Dr. George E* Mac Arthur, 


Kev. R* Cotton Smith, 


Mrs. Isabelle G, Mac Arthur, 


Mrs. Elizabeth K, Spauldtng, 


Rev, Frank J, Me Council, 


l»r. Frank II, Stock well. 


Mrs. Mary B. Main. 


Mrs, Alice L. Story. 


James F, Mann, 


John J. Sullivan, 


John P. Mara ton. 


Mrs. Elizabeth M. Sullivan, 


Everard H, Martin, 


Arthur L. Sweetser, 


Mrs. Marietta K. Martin, 


Rev. William H. Thayer, 


Miss Helolae Meyer, 


John E. Tenney, 


Miss Abby L* Newman, 


Mrs. Annie T. Tenney, 


Mrs, Amanda Nichols, 


Miss Ellen R, Trash. 


John W> Nourse. 


Bayard Tnckerman, 


Charles H. Noyes, 


Charles 8. Tnckerman, 


Harriet E. Noyes, 


Francis H. Wade, 


xMrs A imu < '^ood, 


Miss Martha K, Wade, 


Robert B, Parker, 


Miss Nellie F Wade, 


Rev, Reginald Peam ', 


William F. Wnde, 


Martin V. R. Ferley, 


Luther Wait, 


MorltzB. Philipp, 


Miss Annie L* Warner, 


Ine H. Plouff, 


Mrs. Caroline L, Warner, 


J a tries E. Richard sou, 


Henry C, Warner, 


Miss Anna W. Ross, 


Rev. T. Frank Waters, 


Fred. ti. Ross, 


Miss Susan C Whipple, 




Mrs. Marian na Whlitb r. 


Joseph F, Ross, 


Mis* Eva Adams Wllicomb, 


l>r. William H. Russell. 


Frederic Willcomb, 


William S. Russell, 


Wallace P- Wlllett, 


Savory, 


Robert D. Winthrop, 


diaries A. Say ward, 


Chalmers Wood. 


irletta W. Say ward, 




HONORARY 


jfiMnryiwr 


John Albree, Jr., Swarnpscott, 


Krs, Eunice W. Felton, Cum- 


W i l i cr A ppleton , B os« 


bridge. 


ton, 


Jesse Fcwkea, Newton, 


Lam out G. Bum bam, Boston, 


Reginald Foster, Boston, 


Eben Caldwell , Elizabeth, N. J„ 


Augustus P. Gardner, Hamilton, 


1 1 1 T Ca 1 d we 1 1 , W asbi ugtou , 


Charles L. Goodhue, Springfield, 




Mrs. Elizabeth K + Gray. 


Mr**. Edward Cordis, Jamaica 


Miss Emilv R. Gray, Sautjuolt, 


Pin 


N Y., 


Charles W, Darling, Utlca, N.Y. 


Arthur W, Hale, Winchester 


Eliaha P. Dodge, Newbury port, 


Albert Farley Heard, 2d, Bos- 


kg Caroline Farley, Cam- 


ton, 


Mi 


Otis Kimball, Boston, 


Frank C- Farley, So. Mauches- 


Mrs. Otis Kimball, Boston, 


ID , 


Miss Sarah S. Kimball, Snlem, 


tie S. Farley, So. 


Frederick J. Kingsbury, Water- 


Manchester. Conn.. 


bury, Conn., 



4i 




Mn Jtoy W. 
Tort 

Half. 

MiM Either FraoCer. Severe. 
Mr*. YUrj S. C. Feabodf, 
Frederic EL Biue, Los / 




DONATIONS TO THE SOCIETY IN 1900. 



William F. Abbot* Worcester, Mass* A photograph 
portrait of Nathan Dane, tounder of the Harvard Law 
School , a native of Ipswich, with an autograph, 

Francis R. Applbton. An oil painting. Enlarged copy of 
a portrait of the Rev. Joseph McKean, D.D, , LL,D., 
of Harvard College, born in Ipswich in 1776. 

Mrs. Martha Bird. A quilling wheel ; a tin sconce; a 
pitcher of English pottery ; an early English hand 
sewing machine ; wooden stretchers used in John 
Bjreh's stocking factory, and a bag made of stocki- 
net. 

The Misses Brooks, Salem, Mass, Two miniatures 
painted on ivory, and nine bed quilts. Made by the 
grandmother and mother of Mrs, Henry M- Brooks. 

Mrs* George C, Boshox, Heading, Mass. A photo- 
graph, portrait of Mrs, Fitz, wife of Rev. Daniel 
Fitz, of Ipswich. 

Mrs. William (j. Brown. Fifteen pieces of pottery and 
porcelain, English; two pieces of pewter; a leather 
covered money box ; a sword or knife, brass mounted ; 
a bureau, chair and table of early date, and a candle* 
stick. 

Mas. D, Bryant, A toy skillet, and a night lamp. 

Col. Luther Caldwell, Lynn, Mass- An engraved 
portrait of Commodore John Paul Jones, and eigh- 
teen copies of n The Life of Anne Bradstreet," sold 
for the benefit of the Society. 

J. L>. Dodge, Lynn, Mass, Two pitchers of copper lustre 
ware, English, once owned by Aaron Jewett, jani- 
tor of the Court House in Ipswich, 1820-1450, and 
used by the Judges of the Courts during that time, 
and a town-crier's bell, used by Aaron Jewett while 
acting as crier in Ipswich previous to 1834. 

4 <4t) 



50 



DONATIONS. 



Mrs. Mary S. Farley. A "fly-Hap," Chinese. 

A. F, Fostek, Waterbury, Vt. A spinning- wheel i. 
of early type. 

Fkancis T. Goodhue. A imdmgany silk reel, snd 
leather-bound money boxes from the bouse of U 
Elizabeth D t Goodhue of Salem. 

Miss Frances L. Goodrich, Ktaekhouae, North Carolina. 
A piece of Coverlid weaving, done by women iu 
North Carolina at the present time, 

Mas. Lois Hardy, A rapier, made in Amsterdam Hol- 
land* 

Joseph 1. Horton. A collection of Natural History 
specimens from the region about Ipswich; a tnaho 
any ease with glass doors, once owned by I 
rbomas Manning, and the working plana for the Ips- 
wich water works. 

Mas, Joseph I. Horton. A spice mill, brass and 
wrought iron, German, of about. L700 

E. Lakeman. Four pieces of paper mo 
issued by Richard Russell of the Union Store, iu Ips- 
wich, Feb, 2, 1368, 

Jamks F. Minn, A child's chair. Used by the father 
of Mr. M irk Newman when a child, and u. large table 
with tops of Dutch tiles* reproductions of the old 
" bible-set" for a honh 

Thomas 8. Nhlveuson, Newbury port, Mass. A pol 
jnr, reproduction of an old piece, made at the ( 
ramie works in Newlmryport. 

Miss Esther Parmenter, Kevere, Mass. A Dutch chop- 
ping knife. 

Miss Hannah M. Peatpield. Bobbins and thread used 
in the Ipswich lace factory, and a piece of paper cur- 
rency dated August 18, 1 v < 

If, V, B. Peblby, Portsmouth, N. II. A photogr 
I Kirt.rait of General William Whipple, bum in K 

Lery, Maine, in 1785. 
AutfUSTixe H, Plouff. A leather fire bo irked 

f * Ipswich Fire Society/' 
Miss i n>E, Bos parasol of about I 

Rowans J. RftAOT. An epenlet, onnd in the 

walls of his house, and other *mall 



51 



W. 



em* Mass. A piece of early 
jlfeh furniture calico. 

et. Ap«rofb«» 
?.ii!TEL Natha> tswkll, A I mted Mates flag. 

ide id Ipswich for the first company raised in the 
town for service in the civil war. 

- with , A certain of early English furn ilure 
calico, ailed "India Cotton," bought in 1798 for 
hangings of an Ipewkh bed room* 

Etjkice K Smith. Two pieces of pottery and 
porcelain : a pi *ss, and a tea tray. 

inr- Photograph of the memorial marking 
the birth pi - 

wakd H. Stevens, Ossipee, N\ H, A loom* complete, 
with warping bars, d -, and a specimen of a 

hand- woven coverlid. 
The Peabodt Aoaottm W 8 Salem. A quan- 

tity of printed labels for use in the rooms of the So- 
cie 
Rev. T. F, Waters. Hum paintings on velvet, from 

the house of Miss Elizabeth I>. Goodhue of Salem. 
Mes. Wm. C. West, Salem, Mass. A pair of brocade 
slippers, worn at the wedding o{ Miss Wise, in 
1764. 
Frederick Willcomb, A child's "standing-stool," 
W, P. WiLLETTt East Orange t N. J. Two pieces of 
pewter, two of Britannia, and a pair of scales for weigh- 
ing coin. 
Mrs, Lucretia Whipple, A sampler worked by Mc- 
hituhle Mackintire of Reading* Mass*, in 1807, and 
two pieces of English pottery. 
Mavnwi:i> Whittiek. A Rowley enrollment record, mid 
tools used by wheelwrights early in this century. 



DONATIONS OF BOOKS AMD PAMPHLETS. 

Abbot PUBLIC Library, Marhlehead, Ma&s, The 22nd 
Annual Report, 

American Antiquarian Societt, Worcester, Mass, Pro- 
ceedings, 1900. 



52 



DONATIONS. 



Daniel Feller Afpleton. A sermon preached at the 
funeral of Mrs, Mary Bucktninsfcer, June* 1805, by 
the Rev, Jesse Appleton ; The " Bradford Histon 
the Plymouth Plantation ; * Chronological History <»r 
New England," from 1G02-172Q, by Thomas Prim 
Boston, 1736; "Norton's Evangelist," by John Nor- 
ton* teacher of the Church at Ipswich, New England, 
London edition, 1654; "A Short Catechism, drawn 
out of the word of God," by Samuel Stone, minister 
of the word at Hartford in Connecticut, 1G84 ; reprint 
by the Acorn Club. 

Mrs, Martha Bird* Forty-three volume* of old book*. 

Bridgeport Public Library. Annual Report, 19< 

Mr. Brown. A volume : "The Massachusetts Register and 
Calendar, etc.," 1836, 

Cambridge Public Library, Annual Report, 1899. 

William Everett. "Patriotism:*' An oration deliv 
before the Phi Beta Kuppa Society, June, 1900. 

N. P* Greenlaw, Boston, A volume : " History and De- 
scription of Ipswich, Knjjhind/' 

Rev. F, L, Goodsfeed. "Pilgrim and Puritan." 

Grand R, A, Chapter, District of Columbia. Report, 
1899, 

Historical and Philosophical Society of Ohio* 
nual Report, 1899. 

Rev, Horace C Hovey, Newburyport, Mass, A vol- 
ume: "The Old South " (First Presbyterian Chur 
Newburyport), and a pamphlet : * Daniel Hove v, of 
Ipswich/' 

" Report of the Town Officer* of Ipswich, Muss., the two 
hundred and sixty-ninth year of the TowiTfl h 
ration, 1900," and vol. 5, " Historical Collections." 

F, W, Lamb, Manchester, N, H, "Records of the Lamb, 
Savory and Hiirriumn families," 

William Little, Newbury, Mass. "A Contribution to 
the History of By field Parish," 

Nahant Public Library, Noteworthy Description 
the Town," 

Nantucket Historical Society. Sixth Annual 
19« 



DONATIONS. 



53 



New Yore Genealogical and Biographical Record. 
Vol- 32, No* 2, April 1900. 

John W. Nourse. An Address delivered before the 
"Nurse family Association it Danvers, July 29, 
1892." 

Miss Hannah If, Peatfield, Five volumes of old books, 

Mrs. Edward Plouff. Nine volumes of old books. 

Reynolds Library. Rochester, N. Y, The Reference 
Catalogue, 1898. 

Somekville Historical Society, "The Historic Fes- 
tival/ 1 

The Commonwealth of Massachusetts. Seven vol* 
umes of Publications of the State Archives, "The 
Massachusetts Soldiers Mid Sailors of the Revolution- 
ary War." 

The University of the State of New York, Albany. 
A Volume : "New York in the Revolution us Colony 
and State;" "Public Papers of George Clinton,'* in 
two volumes, and a pamphlet : "Slavery in New York." 

Topsfield Historical Society. " History of Topsfield 
Academy/' 

Trinity College, Durham, N, C, Historical Papers, 
Series iv. 

Rev, T. F. Waters. A Collection of Old School Books, 
Songs, Newi papers, etc. 

Dr. J. L. M. Willis, Eliot, Maine. Vol. in. No. xi, 
"Old Eliot." 

Gifts of Plants and Shrubs fokthe Garden by James 
F. Mann, Francis H» Wade, Benjamin Fewkes, Mrs. 
F. Waters, The Botanic Garden, Cambridge, 
Mass,, Miss Katharine P. Loring, Beverly Fauns, 
Prof. Charles L, Jackson, Beverly Farms, George 
von L, Meyer, Hamilton. 



LOANS TO THE SOCIETY IN 1900, 

K. A- SutTR, Salem, Mass. A piece of embroidery, 
wrought by Priflcilla Nymoiuis, who was born in 
1648, 'Hid died in 1734, She was a daughter of Sam- 
uel Symondfl, finst Deputy Governor of the Colony 
of Massachusetts. 



pswrc/i 






ML; , HOUSE GRE 






STUDY OF HOUSES AND LANDS IN 
THAT VICINITY 



AT THE ANNUAL 



SALBIL MAML 



PUBLICATIONS OF THE IPSWICH 

HISTORICAL SOCIETY 

XI 



THE 



MEETING HOUSE GREEN 



AND A 



STUDY OF HOUSES AND LANDS IN 
THAT VICINITY 



WITH PROCEEDINGS AT THE ANNUAL 
MEETING, DEC. 2, 1901 



By T. Frank Waters 



JBaUm frcM: 

Thb Salem Press Co., Salbm, Mass. 

190a. 



MEETING HOUSE GREEN. 



No spot within out' ancient township is enriched with 
such fragrant memories, and associations of such varied 
aud intense interest. The earliest Bottlers set it apart for 
public use, and it has never ceased to be the center of the 
civic life of our community. Here they built their first 
meeting house. A vague tradition, as Felt, the annalist 
of Ipswich informs us»* located it on the rise of ground 
now occupied by the Heard mansion, near the meeting* 
house of the South Church, but there ia no historic ground 
for such a surmise. 

On the 16th day of the 11th mo. 1639, J the ancient 
keeper of our Town Records made note, "TheophUus 
Wilson is possessed of one house lott, bought of John 
Senders, bounded on the Southwest by the Meeting House 
Green, and on the Northeast by the Stony Street, on the 
Southeast by a house lott formerly granted to Robert 
Mozey." This houaelot is easily identified with the lot 
bounded on three sides by the Green, North Main and 
Sum j nor Streets* and at the date of entry, the meeting- 
house waa already built on the Green, Under the date, 
March 22, 1637, in the Town Record, allusion is made 
to "the Cross Street called the Meeting House Lane." 

The identification of this old way is difficult, but the 
inference that the meeting-house was already built is be- 
yond question. No earlier allusion remains to us, but the 

• History of Ijmwtch t page 2i3, 

f The dntce la this Article are alwnya as they are found Id the Records* It will bo 
remembered, bowevci, tJj.at bj mi. if FirlLittealChe year, which had begun on the 
filli of March, wm ordered to begin January I, i;m, and to rectify the calendar, 
n ere dropocd, to that the 3d of September became the Uth. Under 
lie Old Style, n* It la called* January and February were the eleventh and twelfth 
I, Uenee the Mth dAy of the Uth mouth 1639 really la Identical with Janu- 
ary f7, im t New 81 







us*r .L.tMiaL r ^ utn 

t^ Zvj«v jut 
b*» jvsaidA cc:fci* 

t\ minn ~-\»irj£ mei as-i - vsnr s- «zii 

I^su'.'vur. V^^/imsa ".liirppya.- mo. Jfc rumhic 

3>tr. vuniiiA vr in* 1 mil ring im^ mra 
In* tip>f.iiir ;»a«*.* if c»-ir »i»u~. JSimanne. 

*tf iv^*r* i.»e. r** 1 jr^flttaier if fStr^lisiE amtitj. «li 
*» iii:u'\»: «"* 7V1111* I'mL^T" iniL r»mini 2emc*cjmil. « 

VU1U*. ifetU'JL* V.-'-Krili.r*. Z'lIllltL ZfllHin 

tat Vo* 11. '.i.-; »*fuU*r ;f 1l*i . iuittjr ant it* a: 

tuv: tut-"./ v-i*-*>. ▼ *?» ziihl :c ma*: :n«2ai«- liar 

;•/» v^ .v*..-**c v^LjI-J-z- *£*: r:;i."r* lx* il_-4c£ forever 

7r#;< ;/•".*,:. hire v^HK:jiz-i^*i*s wa* *«:»:c cctwots or o«t- 
W*wu t *'.'] '^ ?.£.* 4:^ cay '.fi* I Iii E>XL:h. 1*45. h was 
»oi/J to TttttttM t'lrxjiz. i r ffirj silliitz*. *mad he is to 
f*rw*//y*: it by tw? z!r : of 7- r^o:-;a text, which will be in 
lt$x y**r \Wl"% Trie <rxtr<;rx.e cheapness of the price 
'/ftttirttt* our mrtriivi t*j*t the r^iiliio^. which was not 
u$ht* lh*n thirteen y<-.*r*. oW, was a rude structure. The 
'Uw.l'ufU h* to n-moval hxi^»€t<< that the spot it occu- 
|/i*^J WW uwAi'A for the new edifice. Work on the new 
rfM*«flififr lioiw, *#M\\i* to have l>een pushed, and hints of its 
f'om|flH.lofi and o<:<:fj|mij<:y are found in the Town Record 
i#f -l llw ll lfc of fll; 1647. H 

• WffMili** Wo»1ilffir ITf/vliltiir^ pub. lo 1661. 
ftuWW tl«#^^1« f JAM. 



MEETING HOUSE GREEN. 






" Voted that the Deacons shall have power to agree with 
a man* whonie they shall thinke fitt to keepe the meeting- 
house clean, and to ring the Bell, and what they shall 
agree with him •hall he paid out of the Town rate." 

Finishing touches remained to be made, however, as it 
was voted in 1653,* "to make a sheet© for the turret 
window and cover for upper scuttle bole," and two years 
later, some repairs were in order, as a bill of £10, 14s. 4d. 
was approved for ''mending the windows, new banding, 
soldering and new glass. "f This building was probably 
of the hip-roof order, with a * turret " for the bell at the 
apex, resembling generally the "Old Ship Church" of 
HiDgbatn, frith diamond paned glim set in lend sashes. It 
was surrounded by a fort. The earlier meeting-house was 
very likely protected in similar fashion, as the Peqiiot 
War broke Out in 1687 and, for a halt century after, the 
settlers were never free from fear of Indian attacks. Often 
the soldiers marched away at the call to arms, and when 
the horrors of King Philip's war burst upon the Colony, 
Ipswich men under Major Samuel Appleton bore a valiant 
part* Men brought their arms with them to public wor- 
ship and sentinels paced their beat without during the time 
of service. The meeting-house was a pin"? "1 deposit for 
ammunition. Four swords of the common stock were kept 
there in 1647, and in 1681, there was a "magazine in the 
meeting-house/'* In case of attack, as it was the largest 
building in the town, and the one best adapted for de- 
fence, the people would naturally have hurried thither. 
Hence the value and need of the fortification which was 
erected around it. 

In 1650, it was voted by the Town, "The wall about 
the meeting-bouse shall be made up and kept in repair/' 
The implication oi the final clause "kept in repair," is that 
tbis work was in the nature of 1 rebuilding of the wall, 
that may have fallen into disrepair, and not the original 
erection. Again, in 1672, a tew years before King Philip's 
War, the Constable was ordered to H pay John Brewer 
20s. for charge he is out about building the fort/'f aud on 
August 20, 1696, when the Indians were assailing the 
Maine colonists, the Town Treasurer was instructed " to 



• Tavm Record 



Town Record*, lttk 



MEETING HOUSE GREF 

hire laborers at the Town charge to repair the fort about 
the meeting-house. M# 

No record of the style or size of this ancient fort has 
been preserved, hut then one in Topsfield* 

built in 1873, five or six feet Irish ind 
at the hotom." On the south side of I tie meeting-hou 
it waa twelve feet, and on th<* other th > n feet 

dislaut, and at the southeast corner, within the wall a 
watch-hou*e ten feet square was built, which was culled 
"the old Meeting-House flirt* at the beginning of the 
eighteenth century, J Happily n 
ever arose* and a few years after the hat Indian Otttbtf 
the Town voted in 1702* that the * rocka at the old meet- 
ing house " should be sold and the proceeds used towards 
buying a town clock. 

As to the new meeting-house, the third on the Green, 
the vote of Jan. 26, 1699, J directed th;it the foundation 
should be laid **aa near the old meeting-house as I 
Committee shall appoint," and the Committee was in- 
structed to " level! the place for the floor of ye said new 
Meeting-House.*' The old house was turned over to the 
Committee, but it was stipulated that they should * suffer 
the Inhabitants to meet in it until the new Meeting House 
is finished" and * provided they remove the old m< 
house in six months," "provided also they bank up with 
stones and gravel against the sides of the new meeting- 
house, the Town Allowing stones to do it out of ye For* 

The new house was a stately structure* sixty 
long, sixty feet wide, and twenty-six feet stud. It had 
"turret" or belfry for the hell, and in 1702 provision wma 
made for a town-clock, with a dial. The sexton, Simon 
Finder, was instructed in 1716 to rfng the bell d&l 
five o'clock in the morning. The old meeting-house wa 



• Town Record*, 
t ilWury of BO 

1 Fttt *ii*e wa# erected iom* jcum 

before ibl#. In WGI, U wa* '*i bd Frottftac* Ko 

' geU ADtl hcvr thiMi:;. n afip 

oo wm medfl for ten dayg* w 
mttmr Ui •nJfcrgem 

A Connri1tt#« fcl repair ihe mimtlnjc turner wii 
year* after It WH tmllt 
the roof Ufiil, often allude i 
| Town Record*, 1«W, 



MEETING HOUSE GREEK. 






sold back to the town by the building committee in 1701 1 
and in 1703 the town voted to sell it to anybody for £20. 
No purchaser was forthcoming, and a dreary suggestion of 
the ruinous and melancholy condition into which the ven- 
erable building fell* and the wanton appropriation of it by 

meal, is contained in the vote of March 16, 170 
* Voted that the Selectmen do inquire and make search of 
all p^nB y* have disorderly taken away out of ye old 
Meeting-house and converted ye same to y f own use, shall 
prosecute them at law, unless they will comply and make 
satisfaction." 

The moot decisive note as to the location of the new 
house is afforded by a very curious map, made in the year 
1717, of the north side of Main street. It locates " Pot* 
ter's House/ 1 on the corner of Loney's lane, and there is a 
quaint remark in the margin : 

11 Had there been but a little more room on this side the meeting* 
house should have been set down/* 

14 The meeting-house is but little more than 4 rods from Potter's 
house." 

Measuring a radius of seventy-five feet from this corner 
brings us to the terrace north of the present building, 
and on thia the third meeting house probably was built. 

The fourth building was erected in 1749. It was sixty- 
three feet long, forty-seven feet wide, and was twenty- 
six feet stud. It was admirably built and was used for a 
century. Its location is well remembered, on the precise 
spot occupied by the present edifice, which was erected in 
1846—1847, but the tall steeple was at the uorthern end, 
and the building stood with its broad side facing down the 
hill. The pulpit and sounding board were famous works 
of handicraft, and are preserved in the steeple-room of 
the present edifice, in a much abridged form. 

At the southeast corner of the Green, on the spot now 
occupied by the chapel of the First Church, the town 
pound was built, a fenced inclosure into which stray cattle 
were driven and kept confined. Much annoyance and no 
small damage were often caused by the straying of cattle, 
horses or swine into the tilled fields or gardens. Conse- 
quently stringent regulations were adopted by the town to 
prevent the breach of the laws, with reference to pastur- 



MEETTKG HOUSE GREEN. 



age- Thus it is recorded under date, 13 January, 1639 :* 
m agreed that whosoever shall find mare*, horses or oxen 
in the cow common two hour* after suniisdng and bring 
name either to the Pound or to the owner of the sam* 
said owner shall give t(* such u p*ty don hie recompense 
tor his pains. The forfeits of 10s. are to goe I m If to the 
Towne, and half* to him that shall impound such tres- 
pass in lt cat tell." Swine were to he impounded by an 
order of the year 1643, and in the Fame year, it was rot ed : 

fI The Common Pounder or any other part) dbull fa 
ii d A peece tor all pi£g8, or any Other Cm (ell, that they 
shall impound, out of any Comoo-field or fenced ground* 
except house tottsand gardens." A disc- I dimly- 

written old document, preserved in the Court Records in 
Salem, has a very interesting association with this old 
pound, and the method of enforcing the laws, which gov- 
erned its use. It appears that John Leigh had driven 
five cows belonging to }■■■■ bor, Simon Tompson of 

Rocky Hill, to the pound. To secure their release, Tomp- 
son was obliged to petition the august magistrate, Gen- 
eral Denison, who issued the fallowing writ toTheophilua 
Wilson, the constable, with his autograph in his familiar 
hrmd. 

To the Constable of Ipswich 

You are required to replevin five Cowes of Simon Tomp- 
son *s now impounded by John Leigh, and to deliver them 
to the sd Simon, provided he give bond to the vain 
fifety shillings W* sufficient sureties to prosecute his Re- 
plevin, at the next Court, holden at Ipswich & so from 
Court to Court till the Cruise be ended ft to pay such 
costs and damage as the sd John Leigh shftl by law re< 
ag* 1 him and so make a true return hereof under your hand 
Dated 9°* of August, 1654, 

Daniel Denison. 

This bears the endorsement, which is scarcely legible 
from the scrawling hand : 

9* of August, 1654* I replevied 5 cowes of Simon 
Tompson and took bond of hym according! 

me 
'I us Wilson 

Constable. 

• Ton 



MEETING HOUSE GREEN. 






Every time the pound gate closed upon a stray animal, 
this formal proceeding was necessary before it could be 
recovered by the owner. This custom continued for many 
Si and f * tield-d rivers," whose theoretical function it is 
to drive stray cattle to pound, are still elected annually. 
The spot thus used W$m sold to Mr. George Heard, on be- 
ball of subscribers for a vestry or chapel for the First 
Parish in 1831, and the present building was erected 
upon it. 

Allusion has already been made to a small watch- house, 
ten feet square, built at Topsfield in 1673, within the 
luceting-house fort. The Ipswich watch-house was built 
many years before this, and was near the pound, as will 
appear from subsequent records. As early as 1636, the 
General Court ordered that every town should provide a 
sufficient watch-house " before the last of the 5 th month 
next"* (1637). But our town seems to have proceeded 
very leisurely ID the matter. On Dee. 4, 1643, "two loads 
of wood for the watch-house/' perhaps timber fot its con- 
fttrnrtion, had been delivered* In 1645 "There was pay \1 
Kidman C&rtwright, Thomas Buriuim, towards the 
building the watch-house, two and forty shillings by Mr, 
Bradst recto, and for a dayea work of a team to draw timber 
by Rich. Kimball tor Mr. Bradstreete, 0-6-0,"t Still the 
building was unfinished, for, in September, 1647 f the town 
was "presented " by the Quarter Sessions Court for want 
of a watch-house, | and in response to this summons, the 
seven men contracted with Philip Fowler, in the February 
following, to build a chimney at the watch-house and clap- 
rd it. J 

This building is a vivid reminder of the perils of the 
time* A i tonstut watch was maintained by the constables 
from the beginning to guard against any disorder by night, 
and in time of danger from Indian assault, special precau- 
tions were taken. Every adult male of each family above 
the age of eighteen, including "sons, servants and sojourn- 
ers,* was liable to this service. From the last of March 
to the last of September the street* and all exposed local* 

* M*m Buy Colony 



I Paper* taCt- 



10 



MEETING HOUSE GfiEEN. 



ities were patrol let! from half an hour after sunset to ball 
an hour before sunrise. AH who were abroad after ten 
o'clock were likely to be challenged by the watch, and 
summoned to explain where they were going and what 
their business was, and if they failed to satisfy the inquis- 
itive night- guard, they were liable to a "rest and detention 
at the watch-house or "courte of guard" till morning. 

When there was special fear of Indiana, military offi- 
cers were ordered to keep watch and ward day and night, 
and it was prescribed that public alarm should be given 
by distinctly discharging three muskets, or the continued 
beat of the drum at night, or firing the beacon, or dis- 
charging a piece of ordnance at night. All sentinels were 
to go immediately to all houses in their neighborhood, 
crying, Arm I Arm 1 and all women and children, and old 
and infirm, were to hurry within the fort, where the am- 
munition was to be guarded. In 1645, a double mili- 
tary watch armed with pike and musket was ordered and 
a daily scout at the outskirt of each town.* 

In all these dark and perilous times, the watch-house, 
with its comfortable fire, was a convenient rendezvous for 
the watch, and a place of detention for any suspicious 
characters, Many a timid youth, afraid of his own shadow, 
went with trembling from its safe shelter to keep his vigil 
in the dark streets or on the outskirts of the town, and 
right glad was he to return, when his watch was finished, 
and report to his superior. It was dull work at best, and 
we are not surprised that watchmen sometimes napped. 
John Grant was called to account before the Ipswich Court 
in 1647 "for sleeping in a barn," and Mark Quilter and 
Thomas Willson, "for going into a barn to sleep" while 
on their watch, were reprimanded. In 1692, Hezekiah 
Hodgkins presumed to bring a pack of cards into the 
watch-house to white away the night hours, and was sen- 
tenced to pay a fine ot £5,f 

Near the watch-house, another building of frowning 
aspect was erected in 1652, the county prison, which was 
ordered by the Court, as the prison in Boston was not 
sufficient for the colony. The vote of the town was very 

• Mft»«, Bftj Colony Records, lHi-2, 1*45, 1*47, 1S&2, 1667, 
f Quarter Sessions Court Record a, 



MEETING HOUSE GREEN. 



11 






comprehensive , and we are indebted to its minuteness of 
opacification for a very valuable description of the "prison- 
house/ 1 as it was culled. It was to be twenty feet long 
and sixteen feet wide and the contract required, "3 floors 
of Joyce thick set and welt boarded, with partitions above 
and below* the sides and ends studs and stud space, and 
to clapboard the house round, and to shingle it, and to 
daub it whole wall and all but the gable ends, and to 
underpin the hou*e, and make dorrs jmd stayers, and hang 
the dores, and sett in locks* It was specified also that it 
should be built "adjoin iu*z to the watch-house, to be equal! in 
height and wyduess with the watch-house. " Forty pounds 
sterling were appropriated for the expense of erection, 
Theophilus Wilson, whose residence was near the present 
Farley house, was appointed to keep the prison until fur- 
ther notice,* and in lb"57 the Court ordered that he should 
have n £3 for the year, and for every person committed 
into the prison 5* and all pi is. before they he released 
shall discharge their charges for food and attendance, and 
such as are not able to provide for themselves, shall he 
allowed only bread and water."f I" 1659, Mr. Wilson 
poynted to gett locks to secure the prison & what is 
wanting else to make y 1 doors & prison strong/ 1 } 

But locks and bars were not sufficient to make it secure. 
On the morning of the 30th of March, 16S3* the worthy 
constable and jailer and the community generally were 
astonished to find that a prisoner had escaped, by jail 
breaking, n the first offence of this nature committed in the 
country." The jailer deposed to the Court, that he " pot 
him in prison and lock! the dore fast, and put the hasp 
on to the staple in the outsydo of the dore, which none 
within can unhasp, and left no toolesor meunesof light in 
the prison. "§ Another prisoner escaped, and when rear- 
rested, he explained that he was very cold in the jail, and 
took up some of the floor boards and departed* As there 
i mention of a chimney in the contract, confinement 
in cold weather must have been particularly cheerless. 



• Quarter SonrtOI) iti&l. 

"rS^iunsCourt Rftoorda, March* 165T. 

J Our.- ordi, ftfflO., ]6d0. 

I. Quarter Sedulous Court Record r, 



IS 



MEETING nOUSE GREEN. 



Evidently some one came and unhasped the door and 
helped the prisoner out in the former case. The Co. 
proceeded to enact rigid rules to prevent such otfeitei 

"Forasmuch as several escapes have been made out of 
prison by the prisoners with the ot 

some ill Effected persons, yt ti ordered that noe pson shall 
presume hereafter to come within the prison yard nor 
within 20 foote of the prison on the !e there 

where there is noe fence, upon any pretence what 
without particular leave from the keeper while any \o 
oners are in the prison, upon paine & penaltye to ! 
ceeded against as contentious of authority, and abettor* 
of malefactors*"* 

The old Court Records reveal many secrets ot the olden 
time. The Court held its sessions probably in John Spark 
inu, on or neat the spot now oeoupied by the Baker hon 
so called, now owned and occupied by Miss I ule 

Lord, Frequent items of payment 

and the Court order in 168G t that I he officers of the Court 
were not to he paid until "the debts due to the ordinaries 
for the entertainment of the Court be discharged," seem* 
to point to this conclusion. It is certain that a court- 
house was not built before the following century. Mr. 
Symon Bradstrcct, Mr* Samuel Symonds, Major General 
Denleon and Maj. William Hathorne were usually the 
judges. 

Many disturbers of the peace and offenders against the 
dignity of the law were arraigned and sentenced, and 

y a man and woman went from the court room { 
gloomy jail. For the ordinary poor debtors, thieves and 
lawbreakers of the common sort, we feel slight concent, 
hut we are moved to pity for one Henry - who 

ran away from his master sundry valuables ot his, 

stole a horse and saddle at Andover, and completed his 
course by breaking prison, at [pswich, who v 
to b© severely whipped end branded in the forehead with 
a letter B and pay & fine of £5. f An<l w 

>n for Samuel Shattuck, Nicolas Phelpa, ami Joshua 
Buflum, Quakers, who had been absent 

* Quarter Button ■ Co art Record*, 1604. 




MEETING HOUSE GREEN, 



13 



from public worship in Salem, and had been apprehended 
by th> able if the Clunkers 1 meeting, who were all 

sentenced to be fined, "and for persisting still in their 
course, & opinion as Quakers the sentence of the Court is 
they shall be committed to the House of Correction, there 
to be kept until I they give security to renounce their 
opinion or remove themselves out of the jurisdiction/'* 
They were led across the Green to the prison f or house of 
correction as it was sometimes styled, as it serred for both 
purposes, and then as the law required they were whipped, 
D bread nod water at id compelled to work on hemp 

id flax and no one was allowed to speak to them.f 
languished to prison several weeks at least and then 
came the edict of the General Court (Oct* 19, 1658) :{ 
'■ Itt is ordered that the Quakers in prison at Ipswich be 
forthwith sent, lor, Sum net Shattocke, Lawrenc South* 
wick & Cassandra Southwicke hit* wife, Nairn Phelps* 
Joshua BuHum A Joiiftb Southwfoke, enjoined at their 
peril to depart out of this jurisdie, before the first day of 
the Ct, of Election next, which, if they neglect or refuse 
to do t they shall he banished under puyn of death/' 
YVhiUicr'* muse has made their names immortal in "The 
King's Missive," "Cassandra South wick"and other poems* 

The whipping post mid stocks were the grim accessories 
of the prison as hist nimmN of punishment. The site of 
the last whipping post was identified by tradition with a 
certain hollow in the (irccn, a few rods from the meeting* 
house. It was proposed that the spot should he marked 
by a tree, and when the hole whs dug, the stump of the 
old post was discovered. The elm that was planted by 
Mr. Aaron Cogswell and his son, Mr, John H, Cogswell, 
is now well grown. It is the tree nearest the meeting-house 
on the southeast. The stocks were a wooden frame, in 
which the feet of evil doers were fixed and held fast* 
Imprisonment in them involved some discomfort but little 
pain, probably , and exposed the culprit to public ridicule. 
This penally was reserved for minor offences. Thus, 
Joseph Fowler, a roystering young fellow , who was always 

• Quarter Seiatona Court Itccontf, JflOS* 
1 1U*> < <ird*. MM. 




14 



in mischief, was bound to good behaviour, and to sit four 
boars in the stocks, and Benjamin Mossy for bartering a 
gtin to Indian* was sentenced to srt four boars in the stoc&s, 
and pay the Indian his bearers again. John Broadstreet t 
for bis misdemeanor in assaulting the Court, was to ait 
one hour.* Daniel Black and his wife were both sentenced 
to the stocks, and were instructed not to miscall each 
other, while m confined, f The precise location of the 
stock* is unknown, but ft most hare been near by. For 
the whipping, there waa an officer appointed annually. 
Francis Jordan was the first incumbent of that position, 
of whom we hare record, and he was allowed tw 
shillings a year { Jeffrey Skelling was whipped in 

fm* m Henry Suiter, for running away twice 
and stealing, was sentenced to be whipped and " weare a 
lock on tits legg, and pay treble damages/ ^ Women 
guilty of unchastity felt the lash as well as men, and it 
was generally inflicted together with fines and imprison- 
ment fi*r the grosser offences. 

That old * goal " was the scene of many sad experiences. 
Murderers were imprisoned there unlit the day of their 
doom delivered them* On the Lecture-day before they 
were banged, they were taken in their chains to the public 
servi irahtp. Judge Sewall mentions in hbDL 

*mry woi who was thus dealt with. 

On January 16, 1700-1, "Mr, Rogers prai'd for the 

mer of death." The sermon on that n, he ob- 

Vti the last preached In the old meeting-house. 

Those under suspicion of witcbcmft were guarded there, 

and Giles Corey, who was pressed to death in Salem 

|)lead to the charge «»[ witchcraft* 

made fait will within its walla. | Whitiit-r , n The 

linv.^ recount* the lute of Goody Cole of Hampl 
confined there under sentence of death far being a witch, 
I uf the hurt «*f Goodnuui Ezra Dal ton, with 

Just i rant tor her rele* 



■ 

wd*, lift* 



MEETING HOUSE GREEN. 



15 






44 Then through the night the hoof -beats 
Went sounding like a flail 
And Goody Cole at cock crow 
Came forth from Ipswich jail." 

It continued to serve ltd purpose until 1750 when it was 
reputed to be in such a ruinous condition, ^aod utterly 
insufficient" that the Court ordered it should be used no 
looger.* But a longer lease of life was in store for the 
ancient prison* It whs decided subsequently to repair it 
and make it tit for further use. Col. John Choate offered 
an order which was adopted by the Court, and prescribed 
the exact work to be done. 

" Ordered that the House in Ipswich Heretofore im- 
proved as a Prison be forthwith Repaired by a suitable 
Trench filled with stones round the outside thereof & on 
those Stones a teire of Timber of five or six inches thick 
Raised near the top of the upper lofts of the house at 12 
or 14 inches distance from it well purported by dovetail 
thereto & the spnce between the House & Timber fill with 
suitable stone with windows through the same for light 
and air to each Room."f 

It was further ordered * f that the Prison Frame adjoin- 
ing to the house aforesaid (except the inside of the West 
end) he , . . duly finished as soon as may be with a suit- 
able Cellar under the same," Andrew Barley, Esq., was 
appointed a committee to secure these repairs and £40 
were appropriated. He reported, Sept. 26, 175i, that 
the two lower rooms had been sufficiently repaired and 
strengthened and it was ordered that these rooms might 
again be used as a "common Goal/' and that " the garret 
Boor be lined underneath with two inch oak Plank." 
Again on July 10, 1753, he informed the Court that he 
had built a fence around the prison, and the keeper's 
house adjoining. It was ordered then that " the two 
lower room* be plastered overhead* and that "the North 
chamber be finished so as to Accommodate such Prisoners 
as may have the benefit of being under bond to Remain 
within the limits of sd Prison." It was specified that "the 



• General Sessions Cocrt Bdoarda, Jtily 10, 1750* 
t Oeaeral Session* Court Records, July 9. 1731- 



16 



MEETING HOUSE GREEN. 



house adjoining .... with the yard inclosed by the fence 
aforesaid be the li mitts of said Prison."' 

Mr. Barley's son, Andrew, informed the Court on 
Christmas day, 1753, that bis father was dead and the 
repairs were still incomplete. He was instructed to i 
the work tor ward, and in the following July, the final 
accounts were settled. It is a noteworthy instance in the 
olden time of the expensiveness of public undertakings* 
Forty pounds sterling were appropriated originally. The 
total coat proved to be two hundred and sixty-eight. 

Singularly enough, after such prolonged and expensive 
repairs, the sheriff reported in 1769 that the Goal waa 
very defective and ont of repair, and on December 25, 
1770, plaus for a new building with keeper's house were 
presented and approved, and a building committee was 
appointed to proceed forthwith. This plan has been pre- 
served in the Court Files, The committee was instructed 
to negotiate with the town for a proper site. The I 
voted that it would provide a suitable place for the new 
prison on the west end of the county- house, provide*) 
the County would relinquish its right in the land on the 
east side of the old house, for building a workhouse. 
Widow Elizabeth Hunt waa instructed to remove the hou 
she occupied, and clear ihe ground where the house stands, 
and the shoemaker's shop of Joseph Hodgkins was also or- 
dered away.f These buildings were on the town land* 

The County and Town agreed to "set the Goal at the wes 
end of the County House and the Committee of the Toi 
of Ipswich have agreed to wet off for that purpose at the 
west end of said County House six square rods of land 
bounded beginning at Robert Perkins land, so running 
southwest by the end of said County House three n»da 
thence north weat two rods, northeast ibrei then 

southeast two rods to first bounds, I unty 

relinquish their right to the land the old Goal now stun 

This exchange of land was made, additional bind 
purchased of Robert Perkins, wli< m th« 

spot now occupied by Mr. John II. Cogswell's n 
and the prison was built at once. On March 81, i 

* General SMiloni Court Eecordi* 
fTewn ItocuriH. 



MEETING HOUSE OKEEN. 



17 



foi 

2 



the Justices viewed and approved the building, and 
ordered that "the two lower rooms and the two chambers 
he henceforth made use of as his Majesty's Goal in this 
County, and that the upper apartment be for a House of 
Correction/ 1 The plan shows that the prison was a two- 
story building with garnbrel roof, and that the rooms 
under the roof were used for the House of Correction. 

In October of the same year, the County bought of 
Robert Perkins, to enlarge the yard of the new Goal and 
County House, f * a certain piece of land containing 31 
rods which is bounded southwest on land whereon the 
said new Goal * - . now stands, and land belonging to 
said Town of Ipswich, six rods, fifteen and a half feet, 
southeast on land belonging to Nathaniel Hovey, four 
rods, fourteen feet, northeast Dn land of widow Sarah 
Pulcifor six rods two and a half feet, northwest on said 
Robert Perkins land four rods one foot, with one other 
small piece thereto contiguous at the westerly corner 
thereof and containing 232 .square feet, extending twenty 
four feet westerly from the a tore mentioned in length, and 
D feet in breadth rearward from said Jirst mentioned line 
ntinurd on westward twenty-four feet as aforesaid /'* 
The County found the email attic rooms insufficient for 
im!s House and bought the Dnmmer Jewettf prop- 
erty on the South side and erected a new building for 
prison use in 1790 and 1791, Land on Green street was 
bought and a new jail built of stone, near the present 
House of Correction, in 1806, and in 1808> the old Goal 
site, with it> yard, was sold to Rev, David Teuney Kim- 
balL The deed gives the bounds as follows ; 

* beginning at the East corner by land of Daniel Hol- 
land southwest on land of heirs of Xath. Kinsman deed, 
80 feet to land of Inhabitants of Ipswich, northwest 78 
feet 3 in., thence on land belonging to said inhabitants 
ng south west to the training Held or Common, thence 
running north west, 63 ft. 4 in. on said Common, thence 
running north east mi said Common and laud of David 
Pulsifer to the corner of the old goal yard by his knd> 

* Euaei Co- Doodl, t"™k W\ Wnt Ml, 

indent boom on the Edward WUdti estate. The prison w«i on the iltt 
mg home* 



]• 



■ilon«L land 34 fe* 

east 51 feet, on said Pubifer'* land to bad of j 
thence running sooth ee*t 
on paid Hollands laud to bound* fast mentioned." the 
goal reserved to be taken away Jar, 

Mr* Kimball enlarged bU lot in the following year l.y 
of the town a small piece bounded 
by hia own had and on the Ihird by the 
and the pounds 

These details suable us to locate the ancient and 
more modem prisons with much accuracy. The m 
dividing line, between the Kimball estate and Mr. Jot 

Cogswells, turns at a right angle about six 
from the front line, and after running twenty feet sou! 
ea^t, resumes its former coarse and < 
feet to the rear corner of the Kimball land, Mr*. J, Q. 
Peahody remembers that her father, to accommodate Mr. 
John Howe Board man, the owner of the Cogswell pr 
set his fence some four or fire feet back from the I 
specified by his deed* If a line, parallel to the preset 

-, and five fret nearer Mr. Cogswell 1 * residen 
prolonged into the Green* we have the norths 
the jail premise* of 1770, and a parallel lit 
the southeast, indicate* the northwest hound of the anr: 

-on lot, while the lot on the northeast side of the 
Chapel was undoubtedly part of the old prison yard, which 
wa- o the town by the agreement made in 

1771. The. watch-house was adjacent to the m. 

The prison of 1770 occupied in part, at lea&t, th the 

Kimball homestead* end the ancient prison of 1652 was 
very near it. A large lint rook some tifteen feet in front of 
thf Kimball fence covers the well of the pi | ;71, 

rad N lad water fc original Goal. 

With the keeper'* house and the enclosing fe large 

portion of the present corner of I 

mber, of course, that the preeent 

road in front of 1 ill and Peahody residences is 

■ rvely modern. The re than a 

rutted driveway, which provided h to the 

DQUStSi 



f Ew »*, book 1*1. leaf 71, April is. MX*. 



MEETING HOUSE GREEK. 



19 



We have mentioned that the ancient watch-house was 
let near the pound. That comer of the old Green was 
utilized for so many purposes that we are bewildered by 
any attempt at exact location. Thus in 1055, Hum* 
phrey Griffin \i ty to set up a " sham balls " or 

i ir liter house, about twenty feet square, by the pound. 
This grant was* followed by another, in 1664, to Major 
oanl Denisou, " soe much ground by the pound and 
his own fence as 30 foot long and 20 foot broad to sett up 
l oow-hotts«V' and another of twelve feet ff at the west end 
of his burn to the pound/ 1 in 1679.* To accommodate 
Thomas Fossey, the goal-keeper, -'Four rods near the 
Prison, by Mr. Wilson's barn, formerly so called and 
hounded by stakes/* were carved out of the old Green for 
his reside ace, in lfi92, and, in 1703, Samuel Graves, Jr, 
was granted liberty to remove his hatter's shop, "and to 
sett it some place about ye, pound, where the selectmen 
shall appoint, and ye sd Graves to remove sd shop off said 
Ground of ye Towne, whenever the Town shall see caus. 

In 1722 John Wainwrigbt Esq. was desired to wait on 
the Justices of the Quarter Sessions Court and make sale, 
if possible, <»1" the Fossey house, as a residence for the 
jailer ; and the house, then in possession of Sam, Graves* 
He conferred with the Court as instructed, and Col. John 
Appleton, Dan' Rogers and J no. Whipple were desired 
"to treat with said Fosdike's heirs ab 1 ye same and know 
the lowest Term it may be had for & whether y Town 
will give n Grant of y § Land where ye Prison Is, <& such 
lition of I irid as may be necessary & y* Report thereof 
may be made to ye next Sessions at Salem. "f No report 
is recorded, but the County evidently came into posses- 
sion of the land, as it was deeded back to the Town in 
17 71. It seems likely that the Fossey and Graves houses 
were on or near the land now owned by the heirs of Rev. 
P, Kimball, 

Very early in the eighteenth century, the question of 
an almshouse, or workhouse, as it was often called, was 
debated, and on Feb. 3, 1717, the town voted that *in 



* rieiil*i)uoum'<l liir |n\jjtvr-iy now owiitiil by the iietra of John Pcrklrib umi 
« n 8 C t . Re c<rr4#, Marah 2T, 1?J2. 



20 



MEETFNG HOUSE GREEN. 



Alma-House or convenient House for ye Poor be built. 
To be a logg house of about 40 foot long, About 16 fo 
wide, about 6 foot high w t,] a flatt roof as may be sut- 
able/* It was voted in 1719, that it should be set 
lane towards Pindars," i. e. Loney'e Lane, but evidently 
the attraction of the pound was too great to be overcome* 
as in 1731* we find mention of the " alms house adjoining 
to the Pound," But it was not an *ttl»CttT« plaee of 
residence for the poor, or there were few poor to be 
housed, and the spacious lo*r house was available tor other 
uses. So William Stone, who by reason of sickness was 
no longer able to support himself by fishing, asked leave 
to use a room there to teach reading and writing to the 
youth, and this was granted in the year 1722, Shortly 
before this, the Town voted that a school should not be 
kept in the Town House, and this offer of the debilitated 
fisherman may have ottered a providential solution of the 
school-question. 

For some reason r the old Town seems to have been 
inclined to resort to many makeshifts in regard to a 
proper echoed building. As early as 1714 it was voted 
that " the watch-house should be improved during the 
Summer by some person who will undertake the teaching 
of young children to read J* and, in the next year, the 
query was, if there were not some woman, who wi 
ready to make this use of the old watch-house. A 
in 1731, the almshouse was resorted to, when Henry 
Spillar was granted the use of a room at the southerly 
end for "his teaching and instructing youth in reading, 
writing & cyphering/* In 1733 he waa granted £12 
his school-keeping. This almshouse seems to havi 
come too old for Service of any sort in 1770, when the 

location of a new one was debated at the same time the 
new prison was projected, ami worne proposed that it 

should be at the aontheaat ^nd of the old county house, 
"provided the Town will be moving the Pound and take 
down the Alma House which is now rotten, 
bounds between lh*> Town land and 
but in 1784 the Selectmen were request©' I it. 

rapt. Treadwell was the owner of the Denisoo proj»- 

•To" 



MEETING HOUSE GREEN. 



21 






I 



erty, which was owned later by Nathaniel Lord, Jr., and 
then by Mr. John Perkins, whose heirs still own the 
corner where his late dwelling stands. The Green origin 
Bally reached far into this lot, as we have noticed, and as 
late as about 1850, the present lino was established. In 
the olden time,, a stone wall enclosed it, and in 1702, 
when the new meeting house had been built* a spasm of 
kindly regard for the horses, during the time of service, 
possessed the hearts of the fathers, and they voted that 
sheds might be set up on the Green near the old meeting 
house, but their second thought was better, and Nicholas 
Wallis was allowed a place by this stone wall for a shed. 
The original vote permitted a shed to be built " about 10 
foot from ye Watch House, southerly toward the old Meet- 
ing Boose, n As the watch-house was near the present 
chapel, any approximation to a southerly direction from it 
would require the location of the second meeting-house and 
fort near the present roadway, ou the southeast side of 
the meeting-house. 

Our survey cannot be completed without a glimpse at 
the small grass plot, in front of the Methodist meeting- 
house. Here the iirst Town-house was built. The order 
of the Town, Dee. 28, 1704* specified a building about 32 
feet long, about 28 feet wide, about 18 or 19 feet stud, 
N with a flat roof raised about 5 foot." A school-room was 
finished in the lower part, and the upper was used for a 
ruurt-room and for town meetings. It was replaced by a 
new building, erected at the joint expense of Town and 
County, in 1793-91, a much more pretentious structure 
with a high I >e 1 fry o r steeple , Tt stood with i ts rear end 
close to the high ledge, which has been blasted to its pres- 
ent level, but which was originally as high as the eaves of 
the building itself. Thus, in close proximity to prison, 
stueks and whipping post, the Courts held their stately 
sessions from 1704 to 1854, when they ceased their sit- 
tings, and the house was sold and removed to the corner 
near the railroad station. It was utilized by Mr. James 
Damon for a hall and stores, and was totally destroyed by 
fire, April 14, 1894. Famous judges sat in the bar ; great 
lawyers, Webster, Choate and Story, made their pleas; 
momentous cases were decided under its roof. 



» nrrrae noire* g 

3Fe*r the old Town-boose, at its easterly end, by rote of 
tbe Town, permission to erect ft building, fifty feet long and 
twenty-fire feet wide, was given to a number of subscribers 
hi November, 1 774, "Tor the encouragement of military dis- 
cipline, "and during the cold days of winter the Minute Men 
were schooled in the mannal of arms, in preparation for 
the war that was then regarded as inevitable, and, by a 
singular coincidence, the room in the neighboring brick 
building, occupied by the Post Office, served as a recruit- 
ing headquarters during the Civil War. 

Thus tbe Green is fall of memories, from tbe earlier to 
the later times. Hither the hogs were driven ha the morn- 
ing, and tbe swine-herd, Abraham War with Goodman 
Symmes drove them to the town-commons ;* and, at the 
sound of the cow-herd Haniel Bosworth's born, blown on 
tbe Green soon after sunrise, tbe cows of the neighborhood 
were gathered there, that they might be driven in a herd 
to the public pasture lands outside the town limits, f 
Great gatherings have assembled on its ledges and grassy 
slopes. From the ledge nearest the meeting-house, as 
the tradition is, Whitefield preached to thousands, hashed 
to solemn stillness. When Lafayette was welcomed, the 
meeting-house was filled with the throng of citizens who 
paid him honor. Here the militia gathered for their peri- 
odic trainings, and the training days were great days, with 
tbe pomp and parade of the military and the tents of fakirs 
and cheap showmen. Ordination days were grand occa- 
sions too, with their festal accompaniment of booths for 
eating and drinking. 

Happily the noblest associations are the most constant. 
Hither the people have come to worship since the begin- 
nings of the town life, and here, the schoolchildren stray- 
ing a little from the old watch-house, the ancientalmshouse, 
the town-bouse and the old gambrel-roofed school building 
that stood where the present Denison school now stands, 
have found a pleasant playground for two centuries. 

* Town Records, 1608. t Town Records, 1661. 



HOUSES AND LANDS NEAR THE MEETING 
HOUSE GREEN, 



It was recorded, in 1639, that Theophilua Wilson's 
house lot was purchased of John Sanders, and that it was 
hounded on the southeast by the lot of Robert Mosey. 
We may presume that Sanders and Mosey, or Muzzey, 
were the original grantees* The Sanders-Wilson prop- 
mrluded the tract hounded by the Green, North Main 
and Summer streets, and, nearly enough for our present 
purpose, by a line extending from the chapel to Summer 
street. The Mosey or Muzzey property was bounded by 
this line, on the northwest, by Summer and County streets* 
Whether it ever included the remainder of the square 
hounded by Green street and the Green, is a matter of 
doubt. Hut we know that Major General Denison owned 
the lot hounded by Muzzey, County street, Green street 
and the Meeting House Green in 1648,* 

Theophilua Wilson, aged about eighty-eight years, as 
ttte deed recites, sold his dwelling, orchard and land to 
John Lovell, July 29, 16894 John Lovell, shoemaker, 
sold to his father, Thomas Lovell, a currier by trade, 
Feb. 8, 1694.J The elder Lovell divided the lot, and 
sold William Donnton, mariner, the northeast portion, 
Aug* 1, 1695Ȥ This lot was bounded by Main street, 
Summer street, then known as Annable's Lane, originally 
Stony street, and the former Muzzey property, then owned 
by Samuel Dutch. He exchanged the remainder for 
another estate, with hie son, Alexander, Oct. 16, 1697.|| 
Alexander Lovell conveyed "my old dwelling house and 

book I, )a«f 149. \1cii needs, book A, le*f SOft. 

I KtMWA I to. Dei <K book 1"* f Emux Co* Deeds, book 13. leaf GO. 

■us Co i keotili *xw k *>> to*& oi. 

CM) 



24 



HOUSES AND LANDS NEAR 



part of my homestead, which was Mr. Wilson'i late 
Ipswich" and about forty square rods* of laud to Satiimd 
Chapman, mariner » Dec*, 1 715- " 

The deed to Chapman is the first to give measurements, 
and it informs lie that the frontafffi on the Green was six 
rods larking one foot, and that the southeast hound was a 
line extending from the Green la the Domiton laud, ahout 
two and a half feet from tht? easterly end of the dwelling. 
This line coincides with ihe present dividing line between 
the Farley and Cogswell properties, and it defines the 
location of the old Tbeophilus Wilson house very satisfa< 
torily. Making allowance fa? gradual encroachment on 

the Green, the house stood, at least, a rod hack from the 
present front fence, and about two feet from the fence 
which separates the two estates. 

This corner lot was sold by Chapman to Joseph Foater, 
Nov. 2, 1726 t f and by him to Joseph and Jen-miah Per* 
kins, Jan. 26, 1726-274 It continued many years in the 
Perkins line. James Perkins owned and oocnpied the 
southeast half of the house and land in 1 795, and sold 
the same to Joseph Perkins of Newbury port, in February 
of that year t § and a James Perkins bequeathed one undi- 
vided half of the whole estate to his sister, Susanna Ken- 
dall, and the other to his nephew, Isaac Perkins, in 18 
Dr, George Chad wick purchased one half from the admin- 
istrator of Susanna Kendall, and the other from Francis 
Butler and wife of Farmington, Jan. 5, 183 Lf Chad 1 
sold to Robert Farley, April 25, 1839/* who transb 
it to Joseph K. Farley, April 29, 1842-ff v,r * Farley 
sold the old house, which was removed to Pingree's Plain, 
and built the present mansion, which was occupied In tits 
widow until her death, 

Alexander Lovell had built a new dwelling, probably 
before he sold the old Wilson homestead in 1715. He 
sold a part of his lot on the southeast side, hounded by 
the pound on the BOtithwi fothame! Ilovey, Nov, 3, 



>k# t taftf tt.Xl. { 1" f 3S9. 

\\ £»«_•! Co. Probate RcconU, book 3fO. V:u( sat. 

IF Egeex Co. Dei.- fd«, Look 312, leal ttfr. 

vok«2,tei. 



MESTIXG HOUSE GREEK. 



25 






1739,* nnd he irave a small lot fronting on the Green, 
eighteen feet front and forty feet deep, ■ 12 foot from the 
*outbea#t end of my d welling bo*M* n to bis daughter 
Santh Pulsipher, and her husband Joseph Pulsipher* Oct, 
4U 1746, -f He bequeathed one-half of his house and land 
to Jonathan Wells, hid son-in-law, and the other to Joseph 
Ptilai jiber or Puleifer acquired the other half 
by purchase Dec. 24, 1747, from William Puleifer and 
Mary hi* wife, daughter of Lovell,§ and Jonathan Wella.f 
mbam Til ton sold the aout beast half to Robert Per- 
kins March 7, 1761, J and the deed specified that the Jine 
of division begun at the middle of the house, ran through 
th«* house and ihe middle of the well. This well is in the 
rear of Mr. Cogswell's residence. Its locution indt> 
that the hoose, which Alexander Lovell built, was a little 
t of the present dwelling. Perkins sold land to 
the County for the new jail of which mention has already 
been made,T now owned by the belrs of Rev, David T. 
Kimball, Oct. 21>, 1 77^,** and conveyed his title in the 
remainder of the estate to Stephen Lord, March 6, 17iKi. tt 
Lord Bold to Thomas Kimball, mariner, April 18s 179.%$$ 
irbotbo purchased from S-irah Safford the small rectan- 
gular piece, eighteen feet by forty, which she bad received 
from her father, July 16, 1796.§§ One item of peculiar 

eat attaches to this deed* It defines the land in ques- 
tion us hounded by the Green on the southwest. The 
line then extended northeast by the land occupied by the 
prison, seventeen feet, and so on the same course, twenty 
three feet to Kimball's land. The conclusion seems nat- 
ural that the line of the Green at that time touched the 
present fence between the Cogswell and the Kimball prop- 

», seventeen feet from the northeast comer of the f« 
The distance from this comer to the present line of the 
Green ts sixty-one feet seven inches, or forty-four feet 
further into the Green. As the line was indefinite, and un- 
marked by fences or bounds, encroachment was easy, and 



U. book S8, leaf 277. t Em©* Co, Deed*, book toe, loaf KK 

: Kt" Lenree 3QS400. 
f Ki**K Co. Detda, Hook 104. leaf lift. ft, Deefo, book 100, lc*' 

• ng noUioGiccu A W L**' **"♦♦ 

*ok i«i, loftf aa. 
H Si . ; ,u, ruHik im t ten 



28 



HOUSES AND LANDS NEAR 



record remains of a grant, soon to be noted. Tb 
Kimball sold to David Pulcifer, Nov- 6. 1798/ who ac- 
quired a small tract in the rear of Elizabeth Holland, 
July 30, lM2,f 

In the meantime, Sarah Sa fiord, widow of Joseph Pal* 
cifer, of Campion, Moses Jewett of i [ford, Israel 

Eliot Pulcifer of Beverly, ami Samuel Little of Beverly, 
executed a deed of the northwest hull of the house with 
land to Aaron Perkins, J urn, cooper, Nov. 7, 1797, J who 
transferred it to Daniel Holland, March 13, 18 On 

the night of June J), 1811, the bouse took tire and was 
h u rued with most of its contents, and a hoy, Abraham 
Burnham, who died at a good old age a fe^ years 
sleeping in the bouse inm forgotten until the las* moment. 
Captain Pulcifer proceeded at once to rebuild and made 
request that his line might be extended into the Green ten 
feet. In view of the g roa t loss he had suffered, the town 
generously granted U,||and the widow Holland was equally 
favored. 

Separate houses were now built by the widow Holland 
and Capt. Pulcifer, He sold bis boose and land to John 
How Board man, April 4, 1826, II and it came by inheri- 
tance to his son. Mr. Aaron Cogswell, the excellent s 
teacher for many years, and his grandson, Mr, John How 
Cogswell, the present owner. Mrs, Holland in due time 
became Mrs. Gage, wife of Samuel N. Gage, of Rous 
but survived her second husband. The exeeutor «»f her 
estate sold it to Aaron Cogswell, May 24, i*il/* and the 
house was removed by Mr, John H. Cogswell to tin- 
ner of County and Green street! a few years ain- 

Rev, David Teuney Kimball, who had recent! 
his pastorate with the First Church, bought the land owned 
by the County and occupied an » prison on Jan, I, t 
and erected th**pacioue and comfortable parsonaf 
still stands. For many years the most liberal hospitality 
was dispensed. Miss Zilpah Grant mid 
were much here, when the Female Academy was 



• Eitfftx Co, OtftxU, 1k> 00* lw, loaf 141. 

}KfM , tenfm | El 



THE MEETING HOUSE GREEN. 



27 



beginning its noble work* Famous ministers tarried a 
little while as ihej travelled or exchanged with the worthy 
pastor, Lyoian Beccber, Calvin Stowe, Leonard Woods, 
and many another , Catharine Beecher and Ann Hazel- 
tine JinUon, N. P, Willis, Garrison, Rufus Choate, Caleb 
Cushing antl Daniel Webster, tasted I he good cheer. 

William Donnton, we mentioned, bought the lot on the 
corner of North Main and Summer streets, in 16B5. The 
deed mentions no building of any sort, only a plain hun- 
dred rods out of Mr. Wilson's house bit. Donnton built 
a home for himself, and it stood until a few years since, a 
low-roofed, big-chimneyed dwelling house, picturesque in 
its simplicity, a venerable landmark, whose dU.ippeuranco 
we may well regret. On Nov. 5, 1721 , Robert Perkins and 
Klizaheth, his wife, one of the daughters of William 
Dongbton, deceased t sold their interest in the estate to 
Joseph Holland, mariner, their f 'loveingbrother-jn-law,"* 
The deed conveyed house, barn and outbuildings with a 
measurement on Annable's lane, of twelve rods and eight 
feet, to a stake. Holland was a fisherman, and had a 
privilege in a certain fishing stage, and flake-room, on the 
southward side of Jeffry** Neck, next adjoining to the 
stage of William Wikomb.f 

The executors of Mary Holland, widow of Joseph, sold 
the property to Dr. Francis Holmes, Jan. 1, 1765,} After 
the death of Dr. Holmes, the estate was divided by order 
of the Probate Court. The homestead or a two-thirds 
interest was set off to his son, John. The widow had a 
right of dower in another house, which had been built 
ffhere Mr, Say ward's house now stands, also in a house 
lot, whu-b had been divided from the original lot on Anna- 
hle's lane, John Holmes sold his interest in the home- 
stead to Joshua Blanebard of Boston, April 11, 1767, § 
who sold in turn to Ezekiel Dodge, Aug. 20, 1775,f| 
Anna Dodge, widow and administrator of Ezekiel, sold- 
tin* same two -thirds interest to Ezekiel Dodge, painter, 
July 5, 1789.1F Ezekiel sold one half his interest to Anna 



* Eases Co. Deeds, book tl, leaf 2i 
t nmex Co. Deed** took 3*< !*»! 271, I7?i4. 
J E«BPX Co. Doedn, hook 10S, leaf ltB. | E*»e* Co. D*odi, book IZI, leaf 944, 
q £i«lx Co, De eda, book 185, leivf SS. IT E*§ex Co. Deeds, Ijoofc Ilk*, leaf U2, 



28 



HOUSES AND LANDS NBA ft 



Dodge, June 13, 1793,* Anna and Sarah Dodge, daugh- 
ters of Anna, sold their interest to Ezekiel, Sept. 24, 
1810. t Ezekiel sold the full two-thirds Mid one-fifth of 
remaining part to Manning Dodge, Charlotte ami Mary 
Dodge, Uarofa 21, 1823 4 T' ie heirs of Manning Dodge 
sold to Mr. Theodore? F. Cogswell fa Lpril 4,' 

the huuse was torn down at once and the present r 
of Mr. George E, Farley was erected on th site, 

Mary Holmes, widow of Dr. Holmes, sold her equity in 
the house she occupied to her son, John, March 11,1 779* j| 
He transferred it t*» Anna Dodge, April 30, L794. 1 Man- 
ning Dodge sold it, with land, to John How Boardman, 
Jan. 8, 1827.1T He sold it to Manning Dodge again, Aug. 
25, 1832, who transferred it to Capt. John Lord 3d, on 
the same dajr. #i It was purchased later by Dr. I 
Flichtner, who built the house now occupied by Mr. Say- 
ward, in 1859-60- G. F. Fliehtuer bought the interest 
of the other heirs, April, L880 f ff and sold to Mr. Charles 
A. Sayward in 1881* J t The °W house Was moved to 
Washington street, and is owned by the heirs of the late 
Michael Ready, 

When the Holmes estate waa divided, mention was made 
of a house lot that had been staked cifl at the lower e ml 
of the lot on Annahle's Lane, This remained in poa 
ftiou of the Holmes heirs, and on Jane 10, 1803, Sarah 
Holmes, widow of John, sold it to Benjamin Kimball. Jun,§§ 
He built a house, and sold land and house, Sept. ,"i, 1803, 
to Elisha Gould, || || He sold to Capt. Daniel Lakeman, <> 
23, 1811. TIT Captain Lakeman sold the northwest halt 
the house with a narrow frontage to James Stan if or 

1886. #M The remainder of the property « 
at a later date. It is owned still by the Stanit 
heirs* 

The deed of sale from the widow Mary Holland to 
Holmes gives the land of widow Elizabeth Fuller as i 



II K#««\ Co. D#tdl, »' 









THE MEETING HOUSE GREEN, 



29 



southeast abutter (1755). There is a slight error as to 
the ownership at that time, as the widow Fuller sold her 
house and lot on Feb, 21 f 1754 to Thomas Tread well,* 
His widow retained some rooms in the houses and part of 
the land, by her right of (lower, when the eitate was sold 
to Isaac Dodge, July 30, 1767, f Col. Joseph Hodgkins 
sold the chamber and garret of the dwelling and two-thirds 
of the cellar, p being 1 he whole of the dwelling of Thomas 
Tread well, except what was set off and assigned to widow 
Esther Tread well," to Samuel Stone, May 26, 1796. Stone 
ught the balance of the estate, Feb. 85, 1801, J from 
Dr. John Manning* Robert Farley was in possession later 
and sold to Ezekiel Dodge, Jun., May 14, 1823,§ His 
daughter married Nehemiah Haskell, whose heirs still 
own the property. 

The Treadwell estate seems to have included the ad- 
joining property DOW owned by Dr, William H. Russell. 
Col. Joseph Hodgkins and his wife, Lydia, widow of 
Elfcha Treadwell, deeded one-half the land and house t<> 
Stephen tiOUT, and the other half to his wife, Sarah, on 
March 29, 1825, || It was inherited by his bod, Winthrop, 
and by Dr. Russell from him. The Russell property is a 
part of the ancient Tbeophilua Wilson estate, but the Dan- 
iel Clark house and land was part of the second original 
division. 

Robert Muz#ey, we have seen, appears to have been the 
original grantee of the second block of this square, but 
Matthew Whipple was in possession when he died, as the 
Rev, Nathaniel Rogers, and the other executors of Whip- 
ple's will, sold to Robert Whitman, for £5, u house and an 
acre of ground, bounded by Wilson and Denison, and pub- 
lic ways, May 2, 1648, f Whitman sold it to William 
Douglass, cooper, 13 April, lti52. # * Robert Dutch, fisher- 
ant was i 11 possession in ltitit), as a mortgage deed makes 
vident.ft ^° mention of a house if made in this deed, and 
e former eheap dwelling that had been bought with an 
acre of land for £5 in 1648 had entirely disappeared. In 
1676, Dutch conveyed to his son Samuel about a quarter of 



• ;, ie.'if 1/iH. <M>ok Ifil, leaf UK 

...k l:u> k'.-, . 4 KijAex I if 107. 

Ipswich Deeda, book 1, leaf HO. 
•" Ipawli H Demi*. t«wk 1, laa ft tpawteh DMdft, book 2, leaf 46. 



30 



HOUSES AND LANDS NEAR 



an acre, part of his "pasture," bounded by Denison on the 
south, and the highway on the east,* and he sold him the 
balance of the land on Dec. 12, 1683. f This deed speaks 
of his "homestead" as adjoining, and indicates that Samuel 
Dutch bad built a house on the County street side of the 
lot, Dutch seems to have met with financial rever- 
the year 1718> for in that year lie mortgaged bfa dwellit 
to Joseph Boles and John Gains, £ and divided his orcbai 
into building lots, with an uniform frontage on Anna 
Lane of three rods. The corner lot where Mis* Sarah 
Caldwell's house now stands was sold to Samuel Harris 
Nov. 1st. § Nathaniel Hovey bought the lot adjoining 
Lo veil's land about midway of the Lane, Nov. 5, I718|( 
and Richard Ringe the adjoining lot on the southeast 
the same day. 11 Jonathan Pulcifer acquired the lot south- 
east of Ringe on Nov. 17th** and Deborah Lord, spinster, 
the next, Nov. 18, 1718. § Dutch died soon after, ani 
his mortgagees sold his mansion-house, warehouse and 
part of his homestead, twelve rods in length on Dutch's 
Lane, as it was commonly called, now County street, April 
3, 1722 to Anthony Attwood^ft The remaining lot on 
Annahle's Lane was sold to Jonathan Pulcifer, Nov. 7, 
17244} 

Hovey enlarged his lot by the purchase , uire 

rods, from Alexander Lovell, in the rear of the land 
to William Dounton, in 1739.§§ It was owned by I 
Nathaniel Kinsman, and by his son Capt* John 
Kinsman, The latter sold the house and land to Wattes 
Notirae, April 7, 1846, j| who sold half of it to An 
ton, wife of Aldred Newton, April 18, 1846.1HF Daniel 
Clark bought one-half the house from Asahel H. Wildes, 
April 24, lSaO."' Mary P,, wife of Daniel, acquired tha 
other half, Feb. 30, 1878. fft Ifc « » ow owned by 
Philip E. Clarke, 

The next of the original Dutch lots was sold by Richard 



: Iiiit' 

H E.iei Co, Owl*, book S3, leaf 300, 

ti Khci < book it. Xmi 9tm 

Ml fete* Co. DMdl, > ■ ifTT. 



< luiwleh . ..,lMt31. 

II j«*rni 

rm 

I f i E»*«x Co. DnmU, (jook VIS, U » 




THE MEETING HOUSE GREEN. 



81 



Ringe, heir of Richard, who had bought in 1718, with i 
house , to John Hinder, Jnn., Feb, 5> 1760.* His widow, 
Sarah, sold to Win, Leather land, Jan. 3,1799,f By order 
of Probate Court, Chas, A. Say ward* as guardian of Jacob 
Lentherland, insane, sold the property, and it was pur- 
chased by Daniel Clark, Feb. 21, 1872. J It is now owned 
by his .Htm, Philip E. Clark, whose cabinet shop and un- 
dertaker's establishment occupies the site of the old house. 

We observed that Jonathan Pulcifer purchased the next 
lot in 1718, when the Samuel Dutch property was divided 
into house lots, and another in 1724. He seems to have 
owned a continuous frontage to the corner now occupied 
lias Sarah P. Caldwell's residence. His heirs appar- 
ently told the house now owned by Theodore H, Howe to 
Richard Lakennm, May 14, L796.J He sold to Daniel 
Lakeman,§ and Daniel transferred to Jane Gould, wife 
of Eliflbii Gould; Oct. 88, 1811J The Goulds sold to 
Elizabeth Fuller, Nov, 23, 1827,U and Reuben Daniels 
sold ittoChas, H. Howe, May 16, 1867.** 

Bickford Pulcifer sold Jonathan Lakemnn, a house and 
six Square rods of land on Aunnble's lane, surrounded by 
bis land, Dec. 28, 1769. ft lie acquired the next lot which 
was owned or occupied in 1745 by Solomon Lakemau,(| 
and in 1793, March 11, he bought of Bickford Pulcifer, 
the land that front* ou County street, then known as 
Dutch's lane, and later as Cross street, and extended back 
of the lots on Aim able V* lane. His heirs by mutual quit- 
claims divided his estate, His daughter Margaret, wife 
of Jedediah Chapman, received the house next to the 
Howe property, §§ and it is still owned by the Chapman 
heirs. His daughter Abigail, wife of Daniel Jewett, bad 
possession of the adjoining bouse and land, since purchased 
l-v the heirs of Gept. SylvantW Caldwell, The land on 
County street was quitclaimed to Lydia, wife of Isaac B, 
Sbepard of Salem. || || 



• liaei i <-. ik«< 4a, boot itn, icif 23. 

!1 Bf* n iWi leaf «• 

edi, book 7to ( 1«ftf m. 

-. Oecdfi, book 'm, fcttl I 



f Ease* Co. f*^«?i1s* f I 

book 178, 1 
11 K**v bonk 'Mfl, leaf \U . 

ft Ktatx Co. J)ce4«, book 1«, leaf ?i. 




32 



HO0SES AND LANDS NEAR 



The corner lot of the Dutch-Muzzey grant was bought 
as was remarked in 1718, by Samuel Harris. He sold it 
to Joseph Bennett, May 8, 1723,* Bennett built a resi- 
dence and occupied it until his death. Samuel Ross, Jan*, 
one of the heirs. Bold a third of a third part of the house 
and land to Joseph Luke man Ross, Dec, 15, 1789 v f and 
he, with Mary, Ins wife and Mary Bennett, spinster, 
veyed the property to Daniel Holland, Oct, 10, IT 
He sold to Aaron Perkins, April IS, 1802,§ wb 
ferred it to Capt, Sylvauus Caldwell, March 12, 1^ 
His daughter, Miss Sarah P. Caldwell, still occupies the 
comfortable old m hub ion. 

Samuel Dutch received from his father, Robert Dttl 
about a quarter of an acre, m Ui76\ f He bought the re- 
mainder of the lot in 1583, Dec. 12,** and as this deed 
mentions that the new purchase adjoined his homestead, it 
seems that he had built a dwelling prior to this date. We 
mentioned that in 1718 lie sold his land in small building 
iui> and mortgaged hi* house. The mortgagees sold it 
after Dutch'* death to Anthony A tt wood, ft Attwood sold 
to Capt. Stephen Perkins4$ and his executors en 
it to Henry Morris, Jan, 20, 1733-§§ MoiTIi sold to 
Richard Lakeman, Nov, 20, 1745 (book 87, I | and 

Lakeman to Bickford Puleifer, March 18, 17ul (hook 
110, leaf 34), Pulcifer sold a quarter acre lot with the 
house, etc., to Nathaniel Perley, Feb. 23, 1774 (book 
132, leaf 193). Benjamin Dutch bought it of Pe 
8, 1778 (book 147, leaf 84i) and sold to John 1 h 
May 27 (hook 18T, leaf 202). John DufHi 
to Dr, John M»mnin<j, July 30, 1 >ok 148 

who sold it to Rev. Ebenezer Dutch of Boxford, Feb. 12, 
1788 (hook 147, leaf 124). 

The Rev, Ebctieser sold to his fellow clergyman, Re\ 
Levi FrUbie, Pastor of the First church, June 11, 17 
(book 147, leaf 242) and in his hands, this pn 
which had been so long in swift transition, remained in 
quiet use as a p je for many years. He removed or 



PI i a, IKt 
| Kir 



i. lmu im. 



«JlMexCo.D« 






THE MEETING HOUSE GREEK. 



took down the old house and erected the present dwelling. 
Mr, Frishie began to preach as a colleague with Kev, Na- 
thaniel Rogers in 1775, and was installed Feb, 7, 1776. 
If he began his housekeeping when he purchased the house, 
the new paraoiiage was the scene of a great sorrow, as his 
young wife died no Aug. 21, 1778, after an illness of only 
six days, in the thirty-hrst yeir of her age. He continued 
in the pastorate thirty years and died Feb. 25, 1806, hav- 
ing received Rev. David Tenney Kimball as a eol fatigue. 
His widow, Mehitable, daughter of Rev, Mimes Halt- of 
Newburv, whom be married in 1780, survived him many 
ic died in lH28,aud bequeathed herestrite to her 
uiece, Hannah and nephew, Joseph Hale** Joseph Hale 
sold it to Charles Baroford, March 2, 1842f and it remains 
in the possession of Ids son, Charles W, Bamford, The old 
house has been enlarged and changed* 

The third block in this square was owned by Major 
Daniel Denisou in lb*4#» as appears from fhe deed of the 
Matthew Whipple property to Robe tt Whitman 4 But 
lie sold his earlier house near the mil! on the two acre tract 
now occupied by Mi\ J. J. Sullivan, Dr. Bailey and 
others, on Jan. 10, 1641,5 to Humphrey Griffin, and it is 
very probable that he acquired this lot and built his house 
near that date. 

Den i son was a very conspicuous figure in the town and 
colony. He married l J atience, daughter of Gov. Thomas 
Dudley* He was recognized as a military leader of excep- 
tional ability at once. He was commissioned Captain in 
1636-7, and in 1648, he wag regarded as in dispensable to 
the safety of the community to such a degree, that a pop- 
ular subscription was raised by one hundred and fifty-five 
citizens, ff to allow Major Denisou the sum of £24 7a. 
yearly, as long as he shall be their leader, to encourage 
him in his military helpfulness.*^ He was appointed 
Major General of the Colony, eleven years between 1652 
and 1680. In civic affairs, as well, he was very promi- 
nent. He was Representative to the General Court for 
many years, and was Speaker of the House in 1649 and 
1652, a Justice of the Quarter Sessions Court, and an As- 

* [f obnlc Records, book 406, leaf 46(3, Felt's Ulatory of Ipswich, y 

cde, book ififii, ta&f 2*7 « 1 I pa w\\ ;!* Du«d*, book 1, ltwf HO. 
| Town Records, 
3 



*r% ^ctt 



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»*, .i |' /iff lifll'l Mf"t" /' H 

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i 



THE UZKTTSQ HOUSE GREEN. 

It* daughter Elizabeth married Rev. John Rogers, who 
President of Harvard College* She inherited the 
\ and sold it to her son, Daniel Sogers* then 
f the Grammar School. Jan* IS, 1708-9, • He 
at Harvard College in 1686. He was Repre- 
in 1716, and became a Justice of the Quarter 
Session* mod General Sessions Courts* He served the 
Town Clerk and Physician. Returning from 
Salisbury where he had been holding Court, be lost his 
way in a blinding snowstorm. Dec, I, 1723, and strayed 
oat on the marches, where he perished. His gravestone 
in the old burying ground recited tbe §orrowful story in 
a long and graphic Latin inscription.* His son, Daniel, 
minister of Littleton, sold the ancestral property April 6, 
1 759 to Gap*. Nathaniel Tread wrll ,} and it is to be noticed 
that the Deuiaon mansion had disappeared at that time. 
The deed describes the property sa an acre and a half of 
pasture land. It was inherited by Jacob Trend well, son 
of Nathaniel* and hi* heirs sold it to Nathaniel Lord 3d, 
familiarly known as "Squire Lord," Aug. 10, 1815. { 
Hie heirs of Nathaniel Lord, Jr. sold it to John Per- 
ns, April 2$, 1 855, | and when it came into bis poasee- 
n, it remained of the exact size of the original Den [son 
■, except a triangular piece, fourteen feet on County 
street, and ninety feet on bU line, which Jacob Treadwell 
had told to John Dutch. March 9, 1779 * Mr* Perkins 
built the house now owned by his heirs, and sold a piece 
ahuttinz on the Batnford property to James M. Welling- 
ton. Dae W,*" Mr. Wellington moved a mill build- 
ing, erected by Mr* Hoyt near the dam of the upper mill 
on South Main street for veneer-sawing, and located it on 
te. where it was occupied in part as a residence by 
Mr* Wellington and in part as a shoe factory. 

Mr* Willi j in IL Graves purchased the corner and erected 
his residence* ft A stitching shop, which stood near tbe 
dwelling, was removed to a lot near the Wellington build- 



t Em»i Co Ito&U, t»Qk 177, &e*f UL I Eutt C*> U«*U, toot *». l**r LI 
< !:«•«- 1 Oj. IHofa. took *7I. taiftt. *■ Kmcx 0* !>««!•. book 1ST, leaf 242. 
L*e**, boat *9V tat 1SS. ft KotcxCo. Doc*. b**«*v taf A 




3« 

iag a tern jean nee, aad caanrtad ate a dwelliag 
u wm e d aad uu.ap i c d by Gwy A. SrhnfaH 
He ich ou lh o— was bak a 1S4S, oa. tke 



■cfcoolfar 



ANNUAL MEETING, 



The Annual Meeting of the Society was held on Dec. 2, 
1901, at the House of the Society. The following officers 
were elected for the year ensuing ; 

Pre^idenL — T. Frank Waters, 
1 r %ee P residents, — John B, Brown, 

John Heard. 
Clerk. — John W. Goodhue. 
Directors. — ^Charles A* Say ward, 

John H. Cogswell, 

Edward Kavanagh. 
t -f ^responding Secretary* — John H* Cogswell, 
Treasurer. — T\ Frank Waters. 
Librarian. — John J. Sullivan* 

The following Committees were chosen : 

Oh Historical Tablets. 

Charles A. Say ward, 
John H, Cogswell , 
John B. Brown, 
T. Frank Waters. 

Social Committer. 

Ralph W, Burnhani, 
Edward Kavanagh, 
Mrs, J. J- Sullivan, 
Miss S. C. Whipple, 
Miss Lucy S. Lord, 
Mrs, E, F, Brown, 
Mrs. John E, Tenney. 

On Membership, 

John W* Nourse, 
Chester P, Woodbury, 
Ralph W. Biiraham, 
Mrs, Harriet E* Noyes, 
Mrs. Elizabeth M, Brown. 

The Reports of the Treasurer, Curator and President 
were read and ordered to be printed. 



REPORT OF THE PRESIDENT OF THE IPSWICH 
HISTORIC AL SOCIETY, 



I take pleasure in reporting a year of gratifying pros- 
perity, though not of phenomenal growth, Last year a 
special exhibit of Textiles was opened in July and con- 
tinued until September, This was widely advertised anil 
the number of visitors reached the highest figures thtl 
attained. The state of Miss Gray's health rendered it im- 
possible for her to attempt anything of this nature this 
summer. It was doemed desirable as well to test the in- 
terest of the public in the House and its contents, without 
any special endeavor to bring it conspicuously into rn 
Accordingly the House was opened only daring the 
utar hours id the afternoon, and as Miss Gray fi-lt unequal 
to the tank of receiving visitors. Miss Alice M. Hrown was 
engaged as care-taker and hostess. She performed her 
duties in excellent fashion, and we are sure that all visitors 
were received hospitably and entertained very intelligent^ 
during the eleven weeks she remained in charge. 

The total number of visitors for the year ending 1 
1st, was 1008 1 considerably less than last year's record Si 
would be supposed for the reasons just noted* Beside this, 
the slimmer season was not favorable, The visitor's book 
at the Essex Institute* Salem* sad the diminished business 
of the professional guides in that city, indicate a marked 
falling off in tin ge number of visitors, and this is 

explained by the attractions of the Pan-Ameriean Fair at 
Buffalo, which led many to take t\ \ that 

quarter. But « goodly numl id our II id we 

may well be satirik 

The Report of the Curator* with tabuli fisitora, 

is appended to this report* 

The most distinguished visitors ol the year were 



REPORT OF THE PRESIDENT. 



39 






senior Senator from Massachusetts, Hoik George F. Hoar 
and wife, who spent several hours in town by invitation of 
the Society, They were greatly interested in the House 
and in the work of the Society, and enjoyed as well a ride 
:i bout our town and a visit to the home and place of burial 
of l>r, Manasseh Cutler in Hamilton, Mr. Halliday of 
Boston, an expert authority in old bouses, has repeated 
bil visit and made interesting photographs. His opinion, 
given very enthusiastically, is that "there is nothing in the 
country that can touch it." Mrs. Alice Morse Earle, the 
famous writer on Colonial themes, and her sister, Miss 
Morse, spent several hours hero, and a considerable num- 
ber of photographs of ancient pieces of furniture were car- 
ried away with them. 

Four numbers of Miss Esther Singleton's "Furniture of 
our Forefathers," have been published by DouMeday, 
Page <& Co., of New York. In the third number of this 
series I full page was given to a photograph of our ancient 
Kitchen, with its unique furnishings, and another to the 
ancient mirror with inlaid olive-wood frame, presented by 
Mrs* Bonier. Drawings of chests, etc., in our possession, 
also found place, and eulogistic mention was made of the 
Kitchen as an architectural study. The New York Trib- 
une, in its Illustrated supplement of July 28, 1901, re- 
viewed the Singleton books, and honored us by selecting 
the picture of the Kitchen for full-size reproduction, the 
only illustration borrowed from the whole series. 

In September, Miss Alice A. Gray, the Curator of the 
House since it was opened to the public, resigned her office 
and removed her possessions. This was due chiefly to the 
impaired state of her health, and the loss of her efficient 
housekeeper and assistant. Miss Julia Gutberlett. We 
tontempl&ted this event with dismay, for Miss Gray's col- 
>n of antique furniture, pictures and hric-a-hrac, had 
made the parlor a very beautiful room, and her rare taste 
bad been manifest in the arrangement of the whole house. 
Her wide acquaintance had brought many interesting vis- 
itors, and some munificent gifts, the most notable of which 
was the splendid contribution of $1800 6wn Mrs. W 
Lor nig, for the purchase of the corner lot, which has added 
so much to the value and beauty of our grounds. Long 



40 



REPORT OF THE PRESIDENT, 



and patient inquiry had failed to reveal a suitable successor 
available for this important office, hut at the very last mo- 
ment! by rare good fortune, we found that our former fe 
townsman, Mr. Ralph W. Buruham, desired the position* 
Mr* and Mrs, Rurnham look possession at once, and 
brought an unrivalled collection of beautiful ancient ma- 
hogany furniture, and a large and costly collection of old 
china* Entering enthusiastically upon the work, they have 
re-arranged the upper rooms very tastefully, and with tine 
effect, and are prepared to receive visitors at any re* 
able hour* A reception was given by the Society to Mr, 
and Mrs. Burnham on Wednesday, November 20ih. 
other social events are in proepeot. By this means we 
hope to quicken the interest of our members, and draw in 
many who have not yet joined our Soci< 

The Society has now about one hundred and eighty act* 
ive members. A considerable enlargement i lesir- 

able. Popular interest is enhanced by a large bod 
members scattered over the whole community, who re- 
ceive and distribute the publications and come with their 
friends to the House. The enlargement of revenue a< 
ing from this source provides the funds (bat are needed 
greatly for extending the wink we wish to accomplish on 
many lines* I puggesl that a Committee on Membership 
be elected, ami that it shall be the duty of this Committee 
to make a special canvass for new T members and report the 
names at intervals to the offioei 

Since the last annual meeting, the tenth number of our 
Historical Publication:*, entitled -'The Hotel Cluuy of a 
New England Village," has been distributed* The demand 
for our earlier publications has exhausted the editions, and 

no provision has been made for a reprint of the uun.be 
no longer in hand. Profiting byth R much 

larger edition of the last issue was ordered, and the hulk 
of the expense was borne very generously by Mr. D* F. 
Appleton. 

The aueatlon of the early enlargement of the scon, 
our publications is one that is Confronting US with increas- 
ing force. The great demand for genealogical material 
giv and widely extended value to the Vital statis- 

tics and other records of the town, The topography 



REFQRT OF THE PRESIDENT. 



41 



the ancient town is of great interest. Biographical sketches 
of the famous men whoso names adorn our annals, reprints 
of ancient publications, and pictures of buildings and lo- 
calities us they are to-day, all should be made. A quarterly 
or semi-annual publication of unique value could be issued, 
and those, whose opinion is authoritative, are sure that it 
would soon come to self-support. 

The financial status of the Society is excellent. Though 
the receipts, $649.04, have been smaller than usual, the 
completion of the House has enabled us to finish the year 
with a small balance in the treasury* All accounts inci- 
dent to House and grounds are now settled, and the orig- 
inal mortgage of $1600 is the only encumbrance on our 
property. The Society would be helped very materially, 
if this could be removed, and some friends may eventually 
find the means. The interest, however, is not a heavy tax 
upon our resources, and certain building operations, the 
erection of a log-house, and the construction of a fac- 
simile of an ancient *oage, rt seem to make more immediate 
demands upon our funds. The yet larger scheme of acquir- 
ing the adjoining land and erecting a fire-proof memorial 
building for the use of the Society, must be kept constantly 
in mind, A broad-minded and generous descendant from 
old Ipswich stock may yet he found, who will count it a 
privilege to show his regard for the ancestral home by 
providing the requisite funds. 



REPORT OP CURATOR. 

TABULATION OF VISITORS, WITH COMPARISON OF YEAR8 

1899-1900-1901. 



Alabama, 


. 


1898 


1900 

2 


1991 


California, - 


_ 


4 


6 


2 


Colorado, 


_ 


3 


1 


1 


Connecticut, 


_ 


9 


17 


3 


Dist. of Columbia, 


_ 


4 


6 


13 


Florida, 


_ 


2 


1 


1 


Georgia, 


- 


1 


1 


2 


Illinois, 


. 


12 


38 


32 


Indiana, 


_ 





4 


2 


Iowa, 


_ 


1 


1 


7 


Kansas, 


_ 





3 





Kentucky, - 


- 





3 


4 


Louisiana, 


_ 


2 


3 


11 


Maine, 


_ _ 


12 


19 


13 


Maryland, 


- 


6 


4 


8 


Massachusetts, - 


~ 


918 


1200 


708 


Michigan, 


. 


9 


8 


4 


Minnesota, 


_ 


6 


16 


12 


Missouri, 


_ 


5 


9 


6 


Montana, 


_ 





1 





Nebraska, 


_ 





1 


1 


New Hampshire, 


_ 


21 


16 


10 


New Jersey, - 


. 


14 


24 


24 


New York, 


_ 


42 


79 


70 


North Carolina, 


« . 





1 


2 


North Dakota, 


_ 








1 


Ohio, - 


_ 


5 


13 


7 


Oregon, 


. 








1 


Pennsylvania, 


- 


38 


20 


38 


Rhode Island, 


_ 


4 


4 


3 


South Dakota, 


. 








1 


Tennessee, 


- 





2 


6 



(42) 



REPORT (^P THE CURATOR. 48 



Texas, 


1899 

2 


1900 
I 


1901 
1 


Vermont, - 


6 


1 


3 


Virginia, - 


5 


2 


10 


West Virginia, ... 





1 





Wisconsin, - 


3 


1 


1 


Washington, ... 





4 







1,134 


1,513 


1,008 




189* 


1900 


1901 


Canada, - 





1 





China, .... 








1 


Cuba, - - - - - 


2 








England, .... 


5 


3 


1 


Germany, .... 





1 


1 


Holland, .... 





1 





Hawaii, - 


2 


3 


1 


Ireland, - 





1 





New Brunswick, - 


1 





1 


Nova Scotia, ... 


2 


1 





Quebec, .... 








1 


Scotland, .... 


1 








Spain, - - - _ - 


1 








Sweden, .... 





2 







14 


"Ti 


"~ 6 




1899 


1900 


1901 


States represented, 


24 


34 


32 


Counties represented, 


7 


8 


6 



You will notice Massachusetts gained 282 in 1900 over 
1899, but lost 492 in 1901 due, no doubt, to the Pan 
American Exposition. Gain in States of 1900 over 1899, 
379. Loss in States in 1901 from 1900, 505. Also 
notice that the gain in States of 1900 is more marked in 
the inland States rather than the seaboard States, owing 
perhaps to the travel to the Paris Exposition, Boston be- 
ing the point of sailing, and the tourists upon their re- 
turn visiting points of interest here previous to returning 
West. 

Yours, 

Ralph Warren Burn ham. 



REPORT OF THE TREASURER FOR THE YEAR 
ENDING DEC. 1, 1901. 

T. Frank Waters in amount with Ipswich Hist. Society. 

Dr. 

To fees, gifts, etc., $479 53 

House-fees, sale of pictures, etc., 169 51 

Balance from 1900, 272 78 $921 82 

Cr. 
House account. 

Furniture, $56 66 

Care of grounds, 88 90 

Fuel, 28 00 

Mrs. Taylor, work, 27 00 

Miss Alice M. Brown, care of house, 33 00 

Ralph W. Burnham, Curator, .... 2500 

Water bills, 8 95 

Miscellaneous, 11 80 224 31 

Interest 70 00 

Insurance, 22 00 92 00 

Construction account, 885 97 

Total, house account, 652 28 

Printing account 

Publications, 192 59 

Miscellaneous, 6 25 

Envelopes and postage, 13 29 

212 18 

Miscellaneous, 19 49 

Balance in hand, 87 92 57 41 

$921 82 

(") 



DONATIONS TO THE IPSWICH HISTORICAL 

SOCIETY FOR THE YEAR ENDING 

DECEMBER 1, 1901. 



Daniel Fuller Affleton. Cox's "Suffolk, Topo- 
graphical Ecclesiastical and Natural History/ pub. 
in 1700 (rehouud). Monumental Inscriptions in 
the Parish of St, Matthew, in Ipswich, Eng,, 1884. 
" Indian Battles/ 1859, Pamphlet, " Defence of the 
Legislature of Mass*," 1804. "An Account of the 
Lute Revolution in New England/ 1 1689 (reprint). 
Catalogue of D. F. Appleton's Collection of Bibles 
and Prayer Books, 1899. Almanack, 1713, by Dan- 
iel Leeds ; printed by Will. Bradford, N. Y. Alman- 
ack, 1776, by Samuel Stearns; printed by Isaiah 
Thomas, Worcester. Constitution of the State of 
Mass. Washington's Farewell Address. 
rs. A. P. Bachelder. File of old Almanacs, Dash 
churn. 

Bangor Public Library. Annual Report. 

J. Francis Patch LeBaron. Pamphlet, Register of 
the Society of the Sons of the Revolution of Florida. 
1899. 

Mrs. Caroline E. Bomer. Chair owned by her great- 
grandfather, Col. Daniel Warner, who was the grand- 
son of Elder Philemon Warner, who went from 
Ipswich to Gloucester in 1710. The chair was prob- 
ably owned by the Elder. A mirror, with olive- 
wood inlays, which belonged to the family of Rev, 
John White, of Gloucester, who married the daugh- 
ter of Rev, John Wise of Chebucco. An Answer 
to Rev. John Wise's Essay on Taxation. A wann- 
ing pan* owned by Col. Warner. Piece of em- 
broidered bed-curtain. Fragment of curtain of a 

(45) 



4(5 DONATIONS TO THE IPSWICH HISTORICAL SOCIETT. 



bed in which Gen. Washington slept in Newbury port. 
Pair of bellows, owned by Dr. Thomas Manning* 
Books f etc. 
Mrs, William G. Brown* Turned legged table* Chairs. 



Library Report, 1900. 
H Bands and Band Music 

of powder used in the 
Davis, and cartridge used 



Historical Collections, 
A round tea-table. A 



Cambridge (England) Tniv. 
Thomas Carroll, Peabudy, 

of Salem/' 
Anson L. Clarke. Sample 

Revolution by Ambrose E. 

in the Civil War. 
Benj. H, Conant. Wenham. Photographs of mile-stones, 

with an historical sketch of these stones. 
Chas. W. Darling, Utiea, N* Y. Account of Impor- 
tant Versions and Editions of the Bible*" 
Dodbleday, Page & Co*, N, Y. Three volumes. "The 

Furniture of our Forefathers," by Miss Esther Single* 

ton. 
Old Eliot. Publications* 1901. 
EfiOllX Institute, Salem f Mass, 

quarterly numbers. 1901. 
Estate of Mrs. Mary Farley* 

skewer hook. 24 books. 
A* P. Foster, Waterbury, Vt. Flax. 
Estate of Harriet P. Fowler. Danvers* "Particulars 

of the death ami Imrial of Chae. W. Giddingi 

Marker of the grave of C- W. Giddings, Fm 

wreath. 
Curtis* C. Gardner, St. Louis, Mo* ff Lion Gardiner 

and Descendants. 
Dr. E* S. Goodhue* Waihiku, Maui, Hawaiian Islands. 

fr Beuuath Hawaiian Palms." 

Mugnzine/' 
Thomas I), Gould, Quadrant 

Gould. 
Miss Alice A. Gray. B< 

Miii KU-hi -lid*" 

Hon. George F. Hoar, . M. C. "Oration at the celebm- 
>n of the Centennial of the S -K $X Marietta, 

Ohio, April 7, L888. ** Oration on Q 

placing a tablet to the memory of Ruins Putmi 

upon his dwelling-house at Rutl t. 17, U 



' r The Anglo* American 
used by Capt. Daniel 
" Abraha t u Ho w a rd 



DONATIONS TO THE IPSWICH HISTORICAL S0CIKTT. 47 



George Hovet. An engraving by G, G* Smith, Salem, 
Mass. m Massacre of the American Prisoners of War 
at Dartmouth Prison, April 6, 1815." Tomahawk. 

Ipswich Annual Report, 

The Kimball Family News, Topeka, Etna 

Mtss Susan Kimball. Lignum-viti© pestle. Ancient 
book . 

Frederick J. Kingsbury, Waterbury, Conn. Author 
of the following pamphlets: 'John Winthrop Jr." 
"The Tendency of Men to live in Cities." "The Reign 
of Law." " A Sociological Retrospect." "Tho Devel- 
opment of an Organized Industry/' "Relative Value 
oi'tlie three Factors that produce Wealth." 

Mrs, W< H< Kinsman. Pair of ancient slippers. 

Lynn Historical Society. Report 1901. 

Manchester Historical Society. Historic Quarterly, 
Mar. 1901. 

James F. Mann. Two chairs. 

Marblehead Historical Society. Report Abbott Pub- 
lic Library, 1900-01. 

Nantucket Historical Association. "Proceedings of 
seventh annual meeting/' "Bulletin No. L Nan- 
tucket Lands and Land-owners/' 

New England Historic and Genealogical Society, 
Register, 1900, 1901. 

Miss S* Sophia Nourse. Pocket book with name "Will- 
iam South wick His pocket-book/' worked iu cross- 
stitch. 

Miss Esther Parmenter, Rowley. A pair of blue satin 
slippers worn at the wedding of Eunice Harris Jewett 
of Rowley. A linen babyVshirt with lace sleeves and 
edging, made by Eunice Harris Jewett for her son 
Harris Jewett. A black silk night-cap worn by Mary 
Harris Savage of Rowley while travelling by stage at 
night. Kid glove worn by Mrs. Mary Harris Savage 
about 1830, and black netted glove. Sampler, worked 
by Sarah B. dud kins of Rowley, in 1825, when nine 
years old, . . Her miniature, when three years 
old, is owned by the Society. Sampler, worked by 
Ann Ilsley when eleven years old. She was born 
Aug. 22, 1799, daughter of David and Anna Frazier 



DONATIONS TO TEE IF8WI0H HISTORICAL SOCIETY. 



Ilsley of Newburyport* Embroidered pocketbook 
or letter case, owned by David Ilsley, born Aug* 5, 
1767. Colored lithograph: 'The Mourning Pie 
of Anna, wife of Daniel Ilsley, died Sept, 11, 
aged thirty-two years, daughter of John and Hepzibah 
Frazier. (The Family Bible with records is owned by 
the Society, ) Knife, used by a member of the Ilalej 
family on a whaling cruise. 

Mrs. Maky Parsons, Lynnfield, Witidsor chair. Foot- 
stove, foot-stool, 

Peabodt Institute. 49th Annual Report. 

Kev. A* P. Putnam, D.D. Address; "Gen. Israel Put- 
nam and Bunker Hill," 

Redwood Library, Newport, R, I. Annual report. 

Moses A. Sapporo, Battery, Me. Autograph fetti 
Sir VVrn. Pepperrell, dated Nov. 26, 1718. 

Chas. A. Say ward. Baron Old Farmer's Almanacs and 
a newspaper 1849, 

Mrs, Louisa J. Sherbdiin. Two pictures. 

Soldiers and Sailors in the Revolutionary War, 
whose graves are marked by the Mans, Society ofthi 
Sons of the Revolution. Donor unknown, 

Mrs* Hannah Appliston Thayer* Fragment of an In- 
dia shawl, once owned and worn by Madam Hancock, 
wife ol Gov, Hancock, and a skein of India sewing 
cotton, used by the daughter* of Rev. Wm. Green- 
ough, of Newton, early in the nineteenth century. 

Topsfield Historical Society. Historical Collections, 
Vol. vi, 1901. 

University of State of New York. New York at Get* 
tysburg, 3 vols. Three volumes, "Report u( the Ad- 
jutant General of the State of New York,** ** New 
York in the Spanish American War." 

Western Reserve Historical Society. A 
collections, 

Maynard WnrrriER. Pocket-book once owned by Dr. 
Bonier, Dak tree nail and plus, and wrought iron 
uail from Henry Wilson house. 

Frederic VVillgomb. Caleadai aascript onwleat 

of Kev. Daniel Rogers, Epitaph for hi* 
Leaflet, Washington coat of arms, and inscription 



DONATIONS TO THE IPSWICH HISTORICAL SOCIETY. 49 

of Lawrence Washington's tomb. Leaflets, copy of 
papers composed by Samuel Prince, of Hull and 
Sandwich, 1685. 

Wallace P. Willett, East Orange, N. J. Engraved 
portrait of Rev. John Murray, pastor of Presbyterian 
Church, Newburyport, who died March 13, 1793. 

Joseph Willcomb. Pair of bellows. 



NAMES OF MEMBERS. 



Frederick J. Alley, 
Mrs. Mary G. Alley, 
Dr. Charles £. Ames, 
Daniel Fuller Apple ton, 
Mrs. Susan A. R. Apple ton, 
Francis R. Appleton, 
Mrs. Frances L. Appleton, 
James W. Appleton, 
Randolph M. Appleton, 
Mrs. Helen Appleton, 
Dr. G. Guy Bailey, 
Mrs. Grace F. Bailey, 
Mrs. Elizabeth H. Baker, 
Miss Katharine C. Baker, 
Charles W. Bam ford, 
Miss Mary D. Bates, 
John A. Blake, 
John E. Blakemore, 
Mrs. Caroline E. Bomer, 
James W. Bond, 
Warren Boy n ton, 
Miss Annie Gertrude Brown, 
Charles W. Brown, 
Edward F. Brown, 
Mrs. Carrie R. Brown, 
Mrs. Elizabeth Brown, 
Mrs. Elizabeth M. Brown, 
Henry Brown, 
Miss Isabelle G. Brown, 
James W. Brown, 
John B. Brown, 
Mrs. Lucy T. Brown, 
Miss Alice G. Burnham, 
Daniel S. Burnham, 
Frank T. Burnham, 
Ralph W. Burnham, 
Mrs. Nellie Mae Burnham, 
Fred F. Byron, 
Rev. Augustine Caldwell, 
Miss Florence F. Caldwell, 
MissLydiaA. Caldwell, 
Miss Sarah P. Caldwell, 
Charles A. Campbell, 
Mrs. Lavin la Campbell, 

(SO) 



Edward W. Choate, 
Philip E. Clark, 
E. Harry Clegg, 
Miss Lucy C. Coburn, 
John H. Cogswell, 
Theodore F. Cogswell, 
Miss Harriet D. Condon, 
Rev. Edward Constant, 
Miss Roxie C. Cowles, 
Charles S. Cummings, 
Arthur C. Damon, 
Mrs. Carrie Damon, 
Mrs. Cordelia Damon, 
Harry K. Damon, 
Mrs. Abby Danforth, 
George G. Dexter, 
Miss C. Bertha Dobson, 
Joseph D. Dodge, 
Harry K. Dodge. 
Mrs. Edith S. Dole, 
Rev. John M. Donovan, 
Arthur W. Dow, 
Mrs. Charles G. Dyer, 
George Fall, 
Miss Emellne C. Farley, 
Miss Lucy R. Farley, 
Joseph K. Farley, 
Benjamin Fewkes, 
John 8. Glover, 
Dr. E. S. Goodhue, 
Frank T. Goodhue, 
John W. Goodhue, 
John J. Gould, 
James Grafium, 
Ralph H. Grant, 
Mrs. Eliza H. Green, 
Mrs. Lois Hardy, 
Mrs. Kate L. Haskell, 
George H. W. Hayes, 
Mrs. Alice L. Heard, 
Miss Alice Heard, 
John Heard, 
Miss Mary A. Hodgdon, 
Miss Ruth A. Hovey, 



NAMES OF 


MEMBERS. 51 


Gerald L, Hoyt, 


Joseph Ross, 


M1*s Lucy S, JeWett, 


Mrs. Joan Ross, 


Johll A. JohliMrli 


Joseph F. Ross, 


Miss Ellen M* Jordan , 


Mrs. llelene Ross, 


Edward ivjivtiiia^h. 


Dr. William H, Russell, 


i lis M. Kelly, 


William S. liuaseU, 


Arthur S Kimball, 


Daniel Saffbrd, 


Fred A. Kimball, 


Angus Savory, 


Biff John C. Kimball, 


Charles A. Say ward, 


Aaron Kinsman, 


&fr», Henrietta W, Say ward, 


Mls*Bethlah D, Kinsman, 


i^orge A. Schoffchl, 


Mary E Kinsman* 


Dexter M. Smith, 


Mr*. Basra K. Kinsman, 


Edward A. Smith, 


funis B. Lakeman, 


Miss Elizabeth P. Smith, 


Mr* Frances C, Lakeman, 


Mr a. Harrlette A. Smith, 


G. Frank La nation. 


Henry P Smith, 


Austin L. Lord, 


Rev, R. Cotton Smith, 


Grorsre A. Lord. 


Mr-. Elizabeth K Bpauldlrig, 


Miss Lucy Slade Lord, 


Dr. Frank II. Stock well. 


Thomas U. Lord, 


Mrs. Alice L. Story, 


Mrs. Luc re tin $■ Lord, 


Edward M* Sullivan, 


Dr. Q l'< Eh Mac Arthur, 


John -L Sullivan, 


Mrs, Isabelle G, Mac Arthur. 


Mrs. Elizabeth M. Sullivan, 


Rev. Frank J* Me Connell, 


Arthur L. Sweetser, 


Mrs. Mary B. Main, 


John B, Tetmey, 


James F. Mann, 


Mrs* Annie T. Tenney, 


John F + Mar st on, 


Kev. William IL Thayer, 


Bverard EL Martin, 


Samuel il Thurston, 


Mr*. Marietta K, Martin. 


Miss Ellen 11. Tra*k, 


M1m Helolee Meyer, 


Bayard Tucker man. 


Miss Ahoy L. Newi- 


Charles S. Tucker man, 


Mr**. Amanda Nichols, 


Francis IL Wade, 


Will lata J, Norwood, 


Miss Martha EE. Wade, 


Mr** Elizabeth B. Norwood, 


Miss Nellie F. Wade, 


John W- Nourse, 


William F. Wade, 


Charles H. Noycs, 


Luther Wait, 


Mrs, Harriet K- Noyes, 


Mis* Anni« L« Warner, 


Miv Anna Osgood, 


Mrs. Caroline L. Warner; 


rt B. Parker, 


Henry C. Warner, 


Rev, Reginald Pearce, 


Rev, T\ Frank Waters, 


IfOfflE B* l*lill1f»|P, 


Miss Susan C. Whipple, 


Augustine. H, Flo art", 


d G. Whlttier, 


Fred. H. Pl.uiff, 


Mrs. Marianna Whlttier, 


James H. Proctor, 


Miss Eva Adams Wlllcomb, 


James E, Richard son, 


Wallaces WlUett, 


Mfi, Lucy C« Roberts, 


Robert D. Winthrop, 


Miss Anna \Y\ Ross, 


Chalmers Wood, 


Fred* G. Host, 


Chester P. Woodbury, 


Mary F, Ross, 




HON 


r MTCMllKRS. 


m Albree, Jr., Swampseott, 


Luther Caldwell, Lynn, 


Wlllhiin Sumner Apple ton, Bos- 


Mr*. Edward Cordis, Jamaica 


ton, 


Plain, 


Lin t 0, Rurabam, Boston, 


Charles W. Darling, Utica X.W, 


ii Cildwell, Elizabeth, N, J., 


EHaha P. Dodge, Ncwbnrjport, 



52 



HONORARY MEMBKKS. 



Miss Caroline Farley, Cam- 
bridge, 
Frank C. Farley, So. Manches- 
ter, Conn., 
Miss Kathcrine S. Farley, So. 

Manchester, Conn., 
Mrs. Eunice W. Felton, Cam- 
bridge, 
Jesse Fewkes, Newton, 
Reginald Foster, Boston, 
Augustus P. Gardner, Hamilton, 
Charles L. Goodhue, Spring- 
field, 
Mrs. Elizabeth K. Gray, 
Miss Emily K. Gray, Sauquoit, 

NY., 
Arthur VV. Hale, Winchester, 
Albert Farley Heard, 2d, Bos- 
ton. 
Otis Kimball, Boston, 
Mrs. Otis Kimball, Boston, 
Miss Sarah S. Kimball, Salem, 
Frederick J. Kingsbury, Water- 
bury, Conn., 
Miss Caroline T. Leeds, Boston, 
Miss Katharine P. Loring, Bos- 
ton, 
Mrs. Susan M. Loring, Boston, 



Mrs. Elizabeth B. Lyman, Brook* 

line, 
Josiah H. Mann, Memphis,Teno. 
Miss Adeline Manning, Boston, 
Henry S. Manning, New York, 
Mrs. Mary W. Manning, New 

York, 
George L. von Meyer, Borne, 

Italy, 
Miss Esther Parmenter, Revere, 
Mrs. Mary S. C. Peabody, 
Frederic H. Ringe, Los Angeles, 

<?al., 
Richard W. Sal ton stall, Boston, 
Denison R. Slade, Center Har- 
bor, N. II., 
Joseph Splller, Boston, 
Miss Elleu A. Stone, East Lex- 
ington, 
Miss Ann H Treadwell, Jamaica 

Plain, 
Harry W. Tyler, Boston, 
Albert Wade, Alton, 111 , 
Mrs. George W. Wales, Boston, 
George Willcomb, Boston, 
Robert C. Wlnthrop, Jr., Bos- 
ton. 



PUBLICATIONS OF THE IPSWICH 

HISTORICAL SOCIETY 

XII. 



THOMAS DUDLEY 



SIMON AND ANN BRADSTREET 



A STUDY OF HOUSE-LOTS TO DETERMINE THE LOCATION 
OF THEIR HOMES 



THE EXERCISES AT THE DEDICATION OF 
TABLETS, JULY 31, 1902. 



Proceedings at the Annual Meeting 
Dec. 1, 1902. 



IS 

Thi Sauk Prbs Co.. Salim, Mass. 
1903 



DUDLEY AND BRADSTREET. 



It was a Any of note, in the annals of Ipswich when 
Tbom&e Dudley mid his good wife, Dorothy, came to 



occupy the generous grant of nine acres, which the Town 
hud made hi recognition of his muking his residence here* 
He was already in hU .sixtieth year. In his young man- 
hood he bad been a soldier of Queen Elizabeth ; relin- 
quishing the service of arms, he became steward of the 
estate of the Earl of Lincoln, then on the verge of 
bankruptcy and, in ten years, by rare business tact, freed 
it entirely from debt. He was profoundly impressed with 
the new Puritan ism and cast in his lot unreservedly with 
the movement. Under the persecutions of Laud, life in 
old England became intolerable to the Puritans, and in 
Hi30, Dudley embarked for the New World, accompanied 
by Simon Bradstreet, who had married his daughter Ann 
two years before, 

Dudley was made Deputy Governor and Winthrop, 
Governor of the new Colony before the ship sailed, and 
he held the office of Deputy Governor until 1034, when 
be was chosen Governor, He retired from that office in 
May ^16 35, and came from Cambridge to take up his abode 
in Ipswi* h, Daniel Deni^on had married his daughter, 
Patience, and came with him probably, an the Town as- 
signed him land in the same year* Bradstreet delayed his 
coming; but in a year or two he had established his home. 
Dudley and Bradstreet were near neighbors, and a rare 
neighborhood indeed, it soon became. The political promi- 
nence of Dudley must have made his house a centre of 
influence. He became Deputy Governor again in 1637, 
and retained the office until 1640, when he became Gov- 
ernor* He was elected for a third term in I ti 4 5, and was 
Deputy Governor from 1646 to 1650, when he was 

f3) 



4 DUDLEY AND BRAD8TBEET. 

elected for his fourth term, and continued as Deputy until 
1653. This astute politician, bold-spoken and irascible 
in manner, well-furnished with wealth, a lover of books, 
and possessed of a library of unusual size, was a notable 
addition to the Ipswich settlement. 

But the Bradstreet home was the centre of attraction 
above all others. Bradstreet himself was a man of 
singularly winning character, and an official constantly in 
the service of the Colony. His wife, Ann, while dwell- 
ing here, wrote the larger part of the poetry, which was 
hailed with rapture as the song of w The Tenth Muse." 
Nathaniel Ward, the famous minister of the Ipswich 
church, was a devoted friend and an admirer of her verse. 
John Norton, the scholarly teacher of the Ipswich church 
until he was summoned to his ministry in Boston, gave 
unstinted praise. Nathaniel Rogers and his son John, 
President of Harvard College for a few months before his 
death, were warm friends. Denison would have resorted 
naturally to the home of his sister-in-law ; Winthrop and 
Symonds, as well, to the home of their fellow-magistrate. 
The best and most intelligent life of the Colony illumined 
that home. 

Dudley remained in Ipswich about four years, it is 
commonly thought, and then removed to Roxbury. 
Bradstreet tarried longer. The frequent mention of his 
name in the Town Records makes it possible that he was 
here until about 1644. He was resident in Andover in 
1647. 



A STUDY OF THE ORIGINAL HOUSE LOTS 
ON HIGH STREET, 

Til A VIEW TO THE EXACT LOCATION OF GOV. THOMAS 
DUDLEY AND SIMON URADBTREET. 






1684. 

' Att a meeting houlden in November [ ] was con- 
onted and agreed unto the length [ \ of lpswitch 
should extend westward unto [ j buryinge place and 
Eastward unto a Cove of the River unto the plan tinge 
ground of John Pirkeings the Elder," 

Thus the Town Record begins, and it defines the limit 
of the ancient settlement, from tbti <>!d l»urying~place on 
the hill elope to the cove on East street, where the high- 
way borders on the tide- water. The warm southern slope 
of Town Hill wasafavorite location, and the whole length 
of it between these bounds was allotted to the earliest 
settlers. 

The Town Record further informs us : 

"Their was Given and Granted to Thomas Dudley, 
Esq., in October, 1035, one parcel) of ground contain- 
ing about nine acres, lyeinge betweene Goodman Cross 
on the West, and a lott intended to Mr. Broadstreet on 
the East, upon parcell of wch nine acres, Mr. Dudley 
fmilt an house." 

Goodman Cross i^ thus shown to be the western 
abutter of Dudley, and as subsequent deeds make it cer- 
tain that only one house lot intervened between the 
burying place and the Dudley lot, we locate Cross with 
confidence on the lot adjoining the ancient cemetery on 
High street. The deed of Hie hard Hubbard to Symon 

(i) 



6 



ORIGINAL HOUSE LOTS ON K10H STREET, 



Stacy, 1 July 5, 1671 » locates Richard Kimball, Sen,, here, 
though no record of his purchase remains, Simon Adai 
son-in-law of Kimball, received tin- ud sold 

bounded by the burying-plaoe on the northwest 
that it nierly old father Kimball's" and to* 

wan u house ii ud barn on the lot, to Shorebome Wilson, 
June n\16i)#. a Adams had sold a part of the land p 
viouslv to the Town, as the Town Record contains the 
item, May 5 f L698 a "Voted that £15 be allowed to Sym 
Adams for about half an acre of land to add to ye bit! 
ing-pl&ce ae tin- selectmen shall agree t 

During Wilson's ownership, the Town enlarged the 
burying-plaoe again by buying "a quarter and half a 
quarter of an acre," April 3, 1707. He sold the re- 
maindor, which still contained about three acres, with the 
house he then occupied, to Daniel Sogers, the school- 
master, "in the Long street, so called," July is, 1709.' 
Bog the son of Rev. John and grandson 

of General \ Denison. He attained a 

judge, town clerk and physician, Hia tr ath 

in a snowstorm on th mry marshes lend-- pat: 

to his name^ As Mr bought the Denison bom 

id in January, 1708-9, it is doubtful if he occupied 
the High street property, which he sold, in I7ir> 
15) s , to Stephen Perkins, marie 
The exeouton of Captain Perkins .-old the propel 

which included about two acr< es, 

though uri record of sale ta found, to Edward Eveleth, a 
prominent citizen, Fabu 18, 1734/ who sold it r- 
w to Nathaniel Caldwell 7 (Dec. 3, 1735), Join 
well, son ol Nathaniel, inherited his real estate.* 
Thoma was the m ir, though the deed of 

purchase is not recorded. He sold to James I 
Nov, 10, 1741.* This in north bound, m i 



• PC* 



«fdi, lunik », leaf V* 

K tool 



s:i, Imam t:i- 



Ml 






ORIGINAL HOUSE LOTS ON HIGH STREET. 7 

beading one rod from the backside of the house towards 
the Town Hill, on land lateh deeded to the Fairish for a 
burying-phu-r." This was the third encroachment of the 
boiying-ground, and nothing remained of the goodly 

mill lot tint the narrow strip M-parating the enm frrv 
from the street* Mr. Foster lived in the house until his 

h, and hi* heirs, William (aid we IK Nathan Foster 
and Nathaniel Foster of Salem, Sold the estate bo Isaac 
Martin 1 of Gloucester. Martin ho Id to Jul in Law sun 
the quarter acre lot with house and well, Nov, 15, 1 • 
who sold in turn to Samuel Lord, 3d, Gentleman, 1 Oct* 

I, 1772. 

Small as the lot was, it was yet farther divided. Eight 
after he bought it, Mr. Lord sold about eight .square 
rods with half the house bounded by the burying-gruund 
on the west, measuring forty-eight feet on the street, to 
Jonathan and William Galloway, Dec. 25* 1780.* The 
dividing line on the east passed through the house and 
the middle of the chimney. The Galloway heirs, Martha 
Coburn, Eliza Williams, Mary Widdecomb and Harriet 
Galloway, singlewoman, of Washington, I). (\ t gold their 
ink-rest in this property to Andrew Russell, cabinet 
maker. April 20, 1847, 5 He tired on the other side of 
the street and had his shop for cabinet making on this 
spot. The old Galloway house is remembered in a 
ruinous etete by the old people on High street. 

Andrew Russell sold to Francis and Lisette Eft 

July 17, L867, 1 who transferred it to Timothy B, Boas* 

the present owner, March 13, 1879.' The cabinet shop 

was remodelled into a house, and is the present rest- 

of Mr. SosSi The remainder of the houae, known 

us thr Galloway house, was sold by Samuel Lord, jr., to 
Policy Choate, seamstress, Jane 5, 179G. fi Id to 

Nath, Tread Will, The deed is not recorded, but in 
Treadwcdls deed to Elisha Gould, 9 Dee. 88, 1811, r 
ence is made to the deed of "h<rlH-" Choate given April 
2f>, 1803. Elisha Gould sold to Timothy Ross, jr., ( tot, 

II, 1814J0 



ECo, Decila, book HO. leaf 21. 
t Ego* y. I , book ffl, lent It , 

Eteex Co. Dacttlft, in.n>fc v&, loaf m*< 

K Co. Dccd» t book 380, leaf 04, 



• E*at:x Co. Dfttda, book 74*, leaf 3M. 

■ fM. 

• Km tu* 

• Ee*ex Co. D*4d|, bmik iw, \m 

M Ebioi Co. Decd» ( book 207, leaf M. 



8 ORIGINAL HOUSE LOTS ON HIGH STREET, 

When Samuel Lord, 3d, bought, the eastern bound wis 
the Lummus property; but when Samuel Lord, j: 
sold to IVlley Choate, it was bounded by Robert Stor. 
land. This was undoubtedly part of the original estate* 
as in Stone's deed to William Robbins, Nov. 3, 1* 
land and house, it was bounded by the burying ground on 
the north, Lumnuis on the east, and three rods and four 
feet on the street. Captain Robbins sold to Timot. 
Harris of Rowley, July 8, 18I2J* Timothy and Daniel 
Harris of Rowley sold to Daniel Caldwell, April 16, 
18283 who sold to Wi II him W. Rust, jr., blacksmith, on 
Dec. 13, 1851.* Caldwell's deed mentions that the 
property he sold was that which he bought of Timothy 
and Daniel Harris, and also a portion, which he bought 
of John Lord 3d, June 13, 1839. The latter deed was 
not recorded. The heirs of Rust own and occupy this 
estate* The boose ia tot mentioned in Stone's deed, 
1807. 

THE flO\\ DUDLEY LOT* 

The second of the original lota is that which lias aln 
been referred to * as identical with that* given and granted 
to Thomas Dudley Esq. in October, 1635/' "on 
of ground containing about nin tyeiaft between 

Goodman Crow OO th€ W69t arid a lott intended to Mr. 
Broadstreeton the East, Upon parcel! of wch. nine acres, 
Mr. Dudley hath built an house," with other lands, " 
which premises aforesayd, with the house built thereon 
and the palingc sett up thereon, the sayd Thos Dti 
Esq. hath sold to Mr, Hubbard and his heirs A\ 
Thos, Dudley is the redoubtable Governor Dudley, who 
removed his residence from Cambridge at this time, and 
r e m oved to Koxburv in 1639.* 

"Mr." Hubbard is undoubtedly Mr William Hubbani. 
i prominent character in our early town hi- jffee, 

Deputy to General Court, mid Justice of the Quitter!) 
Court.. He removed to Boston about 1662, He died in 
I870 f leaving three sons, William, the Pastor of the 

* e»nx Co. Dtatfi, toot Kfc imi m ftdi, i«wk «os, I** 

> Kh«x Co. Deedf, nook SMt, le«f 00. • Kelt, f lutor j of Ipjwlcl, 



ORIGINAL nODSE LOTS ON HIGH STREET. 



S 



Ipswich church and Historian of the Indian wars, Richard 
and Nathaniel. Johnson's tribute to him was, "a learned 
man, being well read in State matters, of a very affable 
and humble behaviour, who hath expended much of his 
estate to helpe on this worke. Altho he be slow in speech, 
yet is bee down right ft >r the businesse . ** I Lis 80 n , Kichard , 
sold Syinon Stacy the dwelling, and nine acres of land, 
I m i in (led by High street on the southwest, by Richard 
Kc Mil ball's land on the northwest, and Hubert Collins on 
the southeast, July 5, lti71. 3 This house-lot was the 
largest ever granted by the town, and its size alone would 
identify it with the Dudley lot* 

The administrators of Captain Stacy, William Baker 
aud John Staniford, sold the homestead, bounded west by 
:trbom n Wilson and east by Sergeant Robert, Lord, 
to Jon&thaD Lummus, sen., Juue 18, 171$.* Lummus 
bequeathed his lands to his son Jonathan by his will, 
approved Aug, 17, 1728** He bequeathed bi*3on Daniel, 
a small piece of land out of my homestead adjoining 
to his homestead, to make hini a convenient way to his 
bam, and so to extend from the northerly end of his 
homestead, until it come to the cross fence as it now 
stands," and "the residue of the real estate, save a part 
of the house reserved for Margaret his daughter, to his 
son Jonathan/ 1 Approved, Sept. 25, 1769. s Jonathan, the 
third successive owner bearing this name, bequeathed the 
aaceetod propertyi to his nephews, Isaac and Daniel 
(will approved, June 7, 17U1),* 

Isaac quitclaimed to Daniel his interest in the western 
half of the estate, with half of the house, April 9, 1799, 7 
and a piece of land at the werf corner of the homestead, 
beginning at an elm tree by the road, 3 rods* 13 feet north 
to the barn, ti rods 14 feet west to the burying ground. 
Daniel was the son of Daniel mentioned in the will of 
the first Jonathan as his son. His father had already sold 



1 Felt, History of Ipswich, p + 7B. 

* [ptwlcb Deeds, book 3, loaf m 

IU Co. needs, book U t leaf M 
1 Essex Co. Probate Becords, book &U t lemrot 378-80. 
1 KwesCo. Probate Eecorrls, book 346, l«*veu 531-031, 

* guscx Co. Probate Roconis, book MQ t leaf «70. 
1 E«aex Co, De«ds, book 317, leaf W. 



10 



ORIGINAL HOUSE LOTS ON HIGH STREET. 



him one-half of his house and bam w ith a half acre of 
land, April 4, H3QJ 

The Committee appointed to divide the estate of Daniel 
Luminus, son of the first Daniel, assigned to the widow, 
Anna, the eastern half of the Daniel Lunimu* homestead, 
bounded by land of Kurnurl Baker; to his son Daniel, the 
other half of the homestead, and to his daughter Anna, 
wife of John Hodgkins, jr., the eastern half of the house 
now known as the Low house, May 4, 1813 ; a at his 
mother^ death, Daniel received her half of the house, and 
at his death (about 1843) his lister, Mrs. Anna Hodgkins, 
inherited it. She bequeathed it to her daughter, Mary, 
wife of George Willett. left it to her children, 

(teorge A. and Mary E* Willett, wife of George 1 *» 

George Willett had sold a strip of land cm tl iieast 

corner, thirty-four by sixty-four feet, to Sophia A. Tyler, 
wife of James S. Tyler, June 2, 18 h\ Tyh 

moved the house that stood on the site of Mr. John A. 
Johnson's present residenee, and j dared it on this lot* 
The homestead is owned still by Gta illett and 

William H. To&er. The house ts probably the original 
built by Daniel Lnminus before 1700. 

Isaac Lummiis bequeathed the w*. old 

Jonathan Luuimus homestead to his nephews Join- 
Abmhan, sons of Win. Lummus (approved 1849 ). 4 
Abram Lunirm.is, son of Abraham, and other heirs sold 
to John C* Low, May IS, 1882, and it is described as 
still containing eight acres more or less, 5 If "<l by 

him to John B. Brown, and by Mr. Brown t r W. 

Bamford. The house lias lately been remodelled, It 
was built in all probability during the Lammas o* 
ship. The small piece adjoining the Wallis Bust land was 
sold by Capt, John Hodgkina to his son John, anil 
iroline E. Hodgkina 

I am aware thai some transfers of minor importance 
have been stated in a general way. M v purpose is, not 

1 Ewex Co. Deed*. book £2fl, \m( 

U, honk :tK3, leaf KM. 

• Kuex Co, Hcodfl. book^' 

I ie 

• Kr 

• Kucx Co, bvtaXa. book 451. leaf » i 



ORIGINAL HOUSE LOTS ON HIGH STREET* 



11 



to establish the legal title of present owners, but to show 
that the original Lummus estate had a frontage on High 
street from the W&Dia Rust property to the Samuel Baker 
estate, and that this is the identical nine acre grant to 
Governor Thomas Dudley. 

BOLFE — COLLINGB. 

The next grant was in possession of . , . Rofe or Rolfe* 
in 1652 and Robert Collinga, in 1654.9 Abraham Per- 
kins sold to Robert Lord, sen* "my dwelling house, 
barn etc and three and three quarters acres of land, which 
I lately purchased of Robert Collins of Haverhill," 
bounded by Simon Stacy on the west and John Caldwell 
on the east, April 11, 1682. 3 The will of Robert Lord, 
sen,, probated in U>83, bequeathed "to my youngest son, 
Nathaniel, my dwelling, barn, land w lh the close I pur- 
chased of Thus. Lull which lieth on the other side of ye 
street , . . whereas I am out £40 for ye house I bought 
of Abraham Perkins, my will is that my grandchild, 
Robert Lord, Tertius, paying of y* £40 to me or my heirs, 
shall have surd bouse, in which sd Robert now dwells, 4 " 

Robert Lord, blacksmith, left, his estate to his son 
Samuel and his six daughters, by his will approved in 
1735^ Samuel Lord, sen., blacksmith, left certain lands 
to his only son Samuel, and mentions that the rest of his 
real estate was entailed by his father, His will was ap- 
proved in 1755.' In 1765, the estate was finally divided. 1 
The widow received her dower, which I do not find re- 
corded. The remaining two-thirds of the dwelling and 
so much of the hind adjoining "to begin at tl r by 

Daniel Caldwell's land so running northwest by sd road 
57 feet to a stake, thence across the middle of the well 
up the Hill ward 65 feet to a stake, thence on a aqua! 
feet to a stake, thence on a square 55 feet to Daniel 
Caldwell's land," and a two acre piece above the widow's 



i Caldwell Record* . 

Mpawleb Deeds. 1m mk 2, page 123, 

* Efifttx Co, Heed*, book 15, Tvitf 115. 

* Kite* Co. Frobftte Record*, book 304, leave* Itt, IS. 
*Ei»ex Co, Probate Rucordti, Wilt &90, lM**« 177-178. 

* lift >>atfl Record* , book m leaves 217, 3tt. 
T Essex Co, Probate Record*, book M3, lent 400, 



12 



ORIGINAL HOUSE LOT8 OX HIGH STREET. 



thirds, was assigned to the daughter Mary Lord. About 

136 poles in the homestead, between the pari 

Mary Lord and the Lumnius property, 

Samuel Lord. Martha and Abigail received other por* 

tions of the estate. 

Samuel Lord, the fourth, and others, legal heirs of 
Samuel Lord, blacksmith, sold to Samuel Baker, 
maker, their father's homestead, frith 5 rod.- 
frontage, extending from the Lummua land to the well, 
Jan. 14, 1775J Samuel Bakn left the southeast hal 
the children of his son John Baker, the other half after his 
widow's decease to his daughters Elisabeth and Mary.* 

Mary Lord sold to her brother-in-law f Elijah Bo 
husband of Martha, her share with all the upper pin 
the dwelling, Deo, 7, 1772*3 Elijah Boynton sold the 
same to Dr. John Manning, Aug. 14, L78t. 4 Samuel 
Lord, 3d, and Mary sold Samuel Lord, ith, about 
and half a house, "beginning at the highway opp 
the middle of the ohimney of thehonsa, on i line through 
the middle of the chimney ," etc., April 2tf t 17*4/ 
Lord, Ifch, conveyed the aaroe to John Manning, Jan. 8, 

1787* and Dr. Manning thus became sole owner. He 
sold to Thomas Dodge, jr., Oct 3, 1796 ; 7 1>> 
Londonderry, to John Cooper of NY w bury port. Feb* 13, 
1815;* Cooper to Elizabeth Jewett, wife of Murk R. 
Jewett, March 8, 1828 ;■ the William 

June 5, 1883. w Leu unhand Sarah sold to VI 

S. Russell, a small pieoe OD the corner of the lot, wh 

felt-maker or hatter a shop stood, June 9, 1851. l| 

Martha 8. Ruaeell sold to Daniel S. B May 17, 

LW He reconvey-'d it to Martha S. UusmIL ' 



• KM** Co. Deeds, bunk HO, \M± 40, 

» Kiux Co. r^olmte ItewmK book Vt, i**f 1 
« K«j«x Co. I»wt», book 131, l« *( US. 
»r§*< ta, book 110, u ■ 

• kmet Co. Dood* book tfl 

• Ei*" ok 110, \c%t flOO, 

i, lo&f an. 

• !£■** f 177. 

• Bt« 

O F.»: ■ DOk 490, !•?** 

to, book 701, Jetf 300. 



ORIGINAL HOUSE LOTS ON HIGH STREET. 



13 



I872,i and she sold it on the same date to Carlton Copp. 1 
He sold to \l;uv A, Rutherford, the present owner* Oo& 
♦i, 1804/-* The hoi is, riow stands end to the street, but 
the deed of S»i mu'l Lord, UU. to Port or Maiming in 17M 
specifies a line of division, which shows that the old Samuel 
Lord house stood with it.- front to the street* It seem > 
probable therefore that the house now standing Wia built 
since that date, 

KRAD8TREET CALDWELL. 

It was specified in the record of Dudley's grant and 
sale, that his land lay between (ioodman Cross's and "a 
lot intended for Mr. Broadstreet," 

The earliest owners of this adjoining lot, however, who 
are known to 00* are a Rofe or Roife, who occupied or 
owned in 1652 and Robert Collins, who was in posses- 
sion in 1654, Brad street may have owned this lot and 
the adjoining one, or, it may be, he never owned the im- 
mediately adjoining lot, but settled on the one next be- 
yond, which came into tin- possession of the Caldwell 
family at a very early period* 

The one conclusive link of evidence that connects 
Bradstreets name with this lot, ie the record of Edward 
Brown's house-lot. of one acre, that it was bounded south 
east by the lot granted to William Bartholomew and 
northwest by the house-lot now in poeeeeiion of Mr. 
Simon Bradstreet (1639) .* It may have been granted 
originally to John Jackson, as his lot was "on the side of 
the hill next to Edward Brown's at six rods broad" 
(1637), 

In connection with this record of Edward Brown's 
house-lot the deed of Richard Betts, published in the 
Caldwell Records, is of conclusive weight, 

"Thi- present wrighting wittnesseth that Richard Betts 
of Ipswich and Joana his wife, of Ipswich in the County 
ot Essex for and yn consideration of thirty pounds by 
bill and other i hand payd before the sealeing 



I Eeae* Co. Deodi, took 869, li 

t £*msx Co. Deed*, bouk 1424, left! ISS 

» Town Reconla. 



14 



ORIGINAL HOUSE LOTS ON HIGH STREET, 



heereof Have Granted Bargayned, & Sould and bye these 
present* doe fully Grant, Bargayne und Sell vnto Cor- 
nelius Waldo of the same Town and County, Marcbaiit, 
all that his dwelling-house situate u ri<l being in Ipswich, 
aforesayd, with all the yards, fenoee and lands about it, 
haveing the house and land of Edward Browne toward 
the southeast, the house and land late . , , , Rofes 
(Daniel Rolfe?) toward the nonvest, abutting on the 
street toward the southwest* and on the land of Thomas 
ho veil, toward the Noreast, etc. el 

tjhla 14P of September, 105** 

Cornelius Waldo sold to John Caldwell for £26 "the 
house I bought of Richard Betts the land of Edward 
Brown southeast, the street southwest, house and land of 
Robert Col lings, northwest/ 1 Aug. 31, 1<; 

Thus it appears that Brads t red 
by Edward Brown in 16S9, mid that Belts, Waldo and 
Caldwell, were bounded by the same Id 1658 rod 
and that the Bradstreet lot is identical with the Caldwell. 

It is generally believed that Mr. Bnidsheet removed to 
Andover in 1044. He T-rtainly resident there in 

1647 as the deed of William Syrnons to Simon Bradsti 
of Andover, makes evident. 2 

►John Caldwell's will was proved Sept. 28, L69S,* It 
gave his wife Sarah the use ami improvement of all the 
estate during her widowhood, with the privilege of d 
poring of it or any part of it for her necessity, »md if *he 
married again, she should have her third part. After her 
decease, his son John was to have a double pan ITO 

parts out of eight, with the dwelling house if he desired 
It, paying to his brothers and staters what helongcd to 
them. 

The widow made her will, as folio v 

"having for many yeai rply nf her 

Dillingham Caldwell, for ye supply of her 
dureing her natural! life not kn 
better supplied and taken cafe of, he and his wife being 

att all time* reedy to supply hi 

advanced her £100 she deeded him the dwelling, barn, 1 1 



* lynw 
I BMtJ 



•in. tiuuk 303, kav«iM-*f 



■it IM. 



ORIGINAL HOUSE LOTS ON HIGH STREET. 



15 



"with till rbc said homestead containing one acre more 
or leiMi bounded by Street on one end, the other end by 
bad of Lovels, formerly ye one side bounded by land of 
Robert Lord, ye other .side by land formerly Joseph 
Brown'f exempt during yd Sarah's natural life, yt the use 
and Improvement of yt end of ye dwelling house wherein 
she keeps and lodge*" (19 January 1709). John Cald- 
well quitclaimed to Dillingham. The widow died Jan. 
26, 1721-2, aged 87- 

Dillingham Caldwell will a weaver by trade, and a man 
of influence and wealth* He died May 3., 1745, aged 
7i! years, His will, dated Dec. 21, 1742, ■ left his widow 
the improvement of the easterly end of the dwelling, and 
provided for her maintenance very quaintly : 

"also 1 give unto my wife yearly and every year she 
shall remain my widow, ten bushel Is of Indian corn, two 
buskeUfl of Rie, two bushels of Malt, one hundred pounds 
of pork, eighty pounds of beef, one barrel of cyder, a 
milch cow that shall be kept for her use, winter and sum- 
mer, and the ealf such cow may bring, and four ewes 
kept for bet IU6, summer and winter, and ye lambs such 
ews may bring, and six pounds of Flax Year, and so 
many apples as she shall want for her own use, and suf- 
ficient firewood for her use, brought to her door, cut and 
carried into her room, where we now dwell. Also two 
gallons of oyl." 

The estate, real and personal, not otherwise bestowed, 
was given to his son Daniel. He died childless and the 
house and land became the property of John, his only 
brother, and his heirs, Daniel, John and Elizabeth, wife 
of Capt, John Grow. 

John Caldwell, jun.,soldto his son Daniel Caldwell, 
jun., mariner, the northwest end of the house, and an 
undivided half of the land, Oct. 31, 1797,* He was lost, 
probably on Ipswich bar, in November, 1804, at the age 
of -U yours, \*n\ i tj «_t two minor children, Daniel, six years 
old, and David EL, 17 mos,, who inherited his estate. 3 
Daniel died when about twenty years old, and David H. 



* fc»«x County Probata fteoordft, boot .IMS, leave pi 890-3. 

* E»*ex Co, Deed** book 104, loaf 238, 

' Probftte Records, book 376, leaf 117; book S73, leaf 111. 



}ft 



ORIGINAL HOUSE LOTS ON IlKin STREET* 



inherited Mfl half. David sold or transferred bis In- 
fc bo Daniel Smith, who died insane, but bought it 
hack again, and blfi widow, Emmeline, Bold it (<> Charlotte 
M, Jones, wife of William Jones, and daughter of Eliza- 
beth (Caldwell) Grow, the daughter of John, Feb. 4, 

John Ckldwell oooupied the eastern <*nd of the house 
until his death, and his unmarried daughters, Lucy and 
Mary, made it their home until their death. Mfi 
Jan* £6, 1861, aged 84, and Lucy died in April, I 
aged H5* Their niece, Elim, daughter <>f Elizabeth 
Caldwell and (apt. John Grow, lived Willi thrrn and re- 

oeived this part of the house at their death* She married 
Charles Dodge, and her interest in the house fell to her 
daughter, Harriet Lord Rogers Dod 

The age of the venerable mansion is uncertain. It can- 
not he assumed with any confidence that it is the orig 
Brads treet home. Unless there la positive reason for 
believing it to be of such great antiquity, the probabilities 
of the CO&e point to a leader ago. A significant item in 
its hi that Richard R t*:iO in 1652, 

and John Caldwell bought of Waldo (or £2<> in 1 
I[i will was proved Sept. V >S, 1HR2, and the inventory of 
the estate included 



House and lands at home and throe Acres of land 
Oxen, cows, horses, sheep and swine 
Implements of husbandry, carts, plows 
Bedsteads, bedding linen 



£109-0-0 
45-0-0 



The three Pf acres of land v Qttcal probably with 

"foure aoree be it more or less, within the Common t« 
neart* unto Muddy River f w wliii h lit' bought of William 
Buckley and Sarah, his wife, Aug. 31, 1657 for £7, and 
which Buckley bought of Thomj I in h 

stead woe valued then .1 £100 # aad for thi- sum the 

widow sold it to her son Dillingham. There is nothing 
to Indicate any oapeoial depreciation of the current 
the vatuat and 

to explain i\**> eol aloe from 



Emcjl Co. Deed*, U>ul 7W, lc*f . p 6. 



ORIGINAL HcilTSE LOTS ON HIGH STREET. 



17 



£26 in 1654 to £100 a half century afterward is to as- 
sume that John Caldwell replaced the house be bought, 
the house owned and occupied by the Bradstreets, with a 
new ntie of far greater value. But there seems no room 
for doubt that the Brads tree t home was on or near this 
spot, and the tablet has been 1 orated with confidence, 

TIIK EDWARD BROWN LOT. 

The Edward Brown lot of one acre, southeast from 
Brndstreet, has already been mentioned. lie had a son 
John, who resided in Wapping, England, in 1683, when 
he sold land in the common He Ids left, by his father 
Edward, 1 The widow Surah Caldwell's deed to Dilling- 
ham gives the eastern bound "land formerly Joseph 
Brown's/' From the Probate Records, we learn that 
Joseph Brown died before 1694, and that bis estate was 
divided to his sons, John and Benjamin,* in 1781, 

John Brown, Turner, granted in his will, proved in 
1758, to Elizabeth, bis wife, "all the household gooda 
sin brought to me, and all the lumen shee hath made 
I married her to be at her Disposal/ b> his son John, the 
improvement of the two lower rooms and the northeast 
chamber and some real estate, to his daughter Bethel 
Adams, and the children of his daughter Mary Lord, the 
household goods, and all the residue of n-al estute to his 
-on Daniel. 3 The hou^e, barn and land were valued at 

£t;o. 4 

Daniel Brown, bequeathed the improvement of his 
property to his widow Hannah, during her life or until 
BOOfid marriage. He made his nephew, Daniel Smith, 
ole heir* The will was approved, Jan. 4, 1796,* 
Daniel Smith's will, proved in 1844, provided for the 
division of his estate anions his sons, Daniel Brown 
Smith, Thomas and Benjamin, and the Probate Record 
contains this interesting item: "Daniel Smith was a 



i Eat** Co. Dcedf, book 4, LenT 

•StiN .'it* Hooorda, book 3M, to* re* fiflfl.fiflQ. 

« £«»e* c.o r iVobatu Reoord*, book JB5> Leaf t». 

* Emct Co. Prnl»*ti.< RooonU, book SU, leaf 17 

• £b««x Co, Probatoj Record *. book SOI, leaf iS2. 

2 



18 ORIGINAL HOUSE LOTS ON HIGH 8TBEBT. 

Revolutionary pensioner, that he died on the 28 th day of 
January, 1844, that he left no widow, and that he left 
seven children and no more, viz. Daniel B., Thomas, 
Benjamin, Polly Lord, Elizabeth Treadwell, Sarah Per- 
kins, & Anna Kimball, and that they all of them are 
living and each of them is of full age." 1 

Thomas received the homestead, and occupied it until 
his death at a great age, when he bequeathed it to his 
nephew Charles Smith, who removed the old buildings 
and built his present residence in the rear of the site of 
the homestead. Daniel B. received a part of the house-lot 
and built a house upon it, which he sold to his son, 
Nathaniel P. Smith, March 1, 1866. 9 It is now owned 
and occupied by his widow. 

* Eiaex Co. Probate Records, book 412, leaves 316, 316. 

* Essex Co. Deeds, book 707, leaf 16. 



THE EXERCISES AT THE L'N VEILING OF THE 
TABLETS. 



On Thursday afternoon, July 31, IH02, at two o clock, 
tdly number of the members of the Historical So- 
ciety, with invited goeate, and the citizens of the town, 
gathered about the badge mi the aoutheaat side of the 
Meeting House, I * i which a bronze tablet had bean in- 
serted. The President of khe Society introduced Hon, 
plea A. inward, who spoke ft£ folio 1 

We stand upon historic ground. No part of the ancient 
town has so many historical associations connected with it as the 
place whore we rue gathered, 

Two hundred and sixty-nine years ago, John Winthrop, Jr., 
and his twelve associates came through the wilderness from 
Boston and began the settlement of the town. Here they 
erected their first meeting house, which soon proved to be too 
small, and a larger and better building was erected. In 1700, 
this was found to be too small, and a more commodious building 
was erected - In time this gave way to the fourth meeting house, 
which stood until 1846, when it was removed and the present 
building erected. 

his place < rovernof Winthrop came from Boston on foot 
in order that he might ' k exerciae by way of prophecy* 1 the people 
who were withou' kilter at (he time. Here preached 

Nathaniel Ward, Nathaniel Rogers, John Norton, Thomas 
Cobbett, William Hubbard, the celebrated historian of the 
► ware; John Rogers, afterward president of Harvard 
college; John Uentaoa and a long line of able and eloquent 
ministers, Here the celebrated George Whitefleld held great 
throng* entranced with his tiery eloquence. 

But the ministers and hearers were not entirely absorbed 
in purely religious work. The same men established the town 
government; they built roads, established schools, cared for the 
poor, looked after the moral* of the community, raised and 
drilled troops, not only. for their own protection, but for the pro- 
lection of the colony. 

In the rear of tbi* od a fort; across the 

street stood the prison, in front of which were the stocks ; 



20 EXERCISES AT THE FNVEIUv; 01 TH1 TABLETS. 

and at the comer of the church, where Ihe elm tree aow iti 
stood the whipping post. 

For many years the children gathered iu the school house 
where the Demsou schoolhouse now standa, ftCrotifi the way, 
and were educated to become worthy and useful citiz> 

So you see this spot ta fragrant with memories of the past, 
aiid it is oar duty to keep these memories fresh for coming gen* 
orations. I may reverently describe it in Ihe language of the 
Lord when he addressed Moses at Mount Horeh aud aaiil tin to 
him 4i Put oft thy shoes from off thy feet for the place wli 
thou atandest is holy ground/ 1 

Therefore the town, under the direction of the Ipswich His- 
torical Society, has secured proper inscriptions^ setting forth 
some of the prominent historical facts concerning this spot, in 
order that coining generations may not forget the story of the 
early days of the town and its founders, and we are here today 
to unveil and dedicate the tablet which records some of these 
historical facts. 

By invitation of tho President, Miss Ruth A}*pk 
daughter of Mr. Francis R. Appleton, and a linen! de- 
scendant of Samuel Appleton, one of the earliest settler*, 
then removed tho flag which covered the bronze tablet. 

The inscription b aa follows : 

Ipswich was settled In March, 1638. On this nil Mop the first 
ing-hoose was hullt and surrounded with ti stone fort. The present 
edifice is the fifth which has spot. Nathai 

Nathaniel Hogers, John Norton, William lluhbnrd audThur; 
were the earliest in the lou^r en. 

Tho whipping post, stocks and prison, were a few rods dllt&l 

Erected hy the town In I 

Xrurlv all present walked or rode to at lultU 

well house on High street, in front of which a boulder 
had been set, bearing a tablet, which murks th- 
imon BrodstreeJ dwelling. The flag wl 
v ( Oliver Wendell 1 1 
of Hie Supn art of Maasaehu i descendant 

from the Bradstn 

The inMeription is a* follows : 

Xear this spot was the home of 

fltlntrcct 
Govern 

Hli wife run 



EXERCISES AT TIIE UN VEILING OF THE TABLETS. 21 



A little farther along, in front of the old Lumnius bo 
now owned by Mr. Chester \V. Bam ford, a granite .slab 
hid bTOli eiwrted, with a bronze tablet, marking the 
Dudley location. This was unveiled by Augustine Jones, 
Ksq_, Principal of the Friends School, Providence, K. [., 
and ii direct descendant from Governor Dudley. 

The inscription 

Ol this lot, originally nine acres 

was the house of 

T nomas Dud' 

Governor uf 

M as sac ause tta-Bay 

1636, 1640, 1645 and ffl&O. 

He dwelt here 

1635—1639. 

Returning to the Meeting-house of the First Parish, 
the Pastor of the Church, Re?. Edward Constant, offered 
prayer. Robert S< Rantoul, ESeq., of Salem, President 
of the Edtsex Institute, was then introduced by the Presi- 
dent and spoke as follows; 

It would be a pleasure, if we were at liberty to do so without 
Kit of other topics claiming our attention, to devote the 
hour to the memory of Simon Bradstreet, The speaker who 
stood* forth in an ancient community like this, proposing to 
address himself to the historic past, is embarrassed first of all 
with a plethora of topics, Time limits us to the merest passing 
thought. Neither one of the three famous preachers we are 
to commemorate today can be dismissed without a reverential 
word — one of them a travelled scholar, the first compiler of 
our Statute Laws, his resulting code well styled, in recognition 
of what laws ought to be, ** The Body of Liberties;* 1 oue of 
i the fast friend of Cooanl mid the early chronicler of our 
infant years j one of them, in 1662, an embassador plenipo- 
tentiary lo the mother country at the most critical epoch of our 
colonial lif» i . Again, the market-place of the ancient town, 
;t'd like the Acropolis upon its highest hill- top, girt round 
about wit! i \ House, the whippiug-post, the stocks, the 

witchcraft prison and the meeting-house on either hand, — thi* 
spot demands ooaunemomt&Ofi and a history by itself * And 
the tn al Governors* neighbors in their Ipswich homes, 

father- in -law and son-in-law, eurlj with his famous spouse, 

the qui.- fcha deeu of Wlnthrop'a company and deputy-governor 

re rhey itUed; the other, outliving all the rest end living 

to see the longest term Of >e wire among the colonial magistrates 

of his century, and to be recalled hy Hutch in sou, following 



22 EXERCISES AT THE [ K I HE TABLETS. 



Mather and writing a century later, as u The Nestor of New 
England/ 1 — what shall we say of these two men, both ft 
be honored in the services of today, except to plead the 
inadequacy of the time to do justice to sac 
of thought! Indeed, one feel* a sense of 
brought into the presence of personalities like these, — in 
having summoned up their august shades, only to v 
aside with the 14 kail and farewell "the crowded hour pei 
They helped to make Nan England what it. is. They are too 
human and too great to be simply marshalled in cold i« 
Each one of tliem claims his honorable notice and deserve* Ma 
hour. And when I reflect that I am not the only speaker 
bidden, nor is mine the only topic to be treated, I am assured 
of your indulgence if I leave to others tin? brofl 
embraced in this unique occasion, while I devote the ! 
allotted me to the name and memory of BrudM.rect. 

To this I am impelled by a variety of motives. FTia career 
was certainly a very marked one. It was a long* a varied * 
and an honorable career. Savage, the learned editor and anoo- 
tator of Wintbrop's Journal, ranks him with Sal ton stall and 
the Winthrops ; says he was one of the younger magistrate* 
when be was chosen a Commissioner of the United Colonies, 
and adds : •' Perhaps the desert of none of our early rulers 
except the two Winthrops is equal to that of GoveruOi 
Bradstreet, whose labors equalled them both in d d and 

again : u It has happened, that the moor 

Bradstreet have not been rated so highly as to me they §a 
deserve, but the cause, probably, was his moderation in politics 
and religion- Our author [Winthrop] culls him a very able 
man. ICis conteiuporariew, in 1662, designed to wend 01 
the ablest men hi the country* its companion with N 
effect the difficult pun one i Hating the crown j :vnd his 

success in that mission naturally dissatisfied some of the more 
eager spirits, whose disgust at the royal favour, tli 
promised, Mimed Norton to the grave. The argumei 
LaTour'e business, and his defence of our titles to land* a^ain&t 
Andros's pretensions, give honour' of talenU." 

It may I >r Governor has in 

justice done him, though Mather, in his Mag 
out, as h- for a 

r, and tl the 

Governor iu the witchcraft i peaks of him with unmixed 

and rather fulsome praise, Deei rr Patriae/* 

he applies to him the Latin epitaph of the famous Roman 
lawyer, Stl I I'istorins, whirl Dl: 

arth holds hlf d immo 

Shall put. Tin; 



EXERCISE* AT THE DHYBEUHG OF THE TABLETS. 23 

adding a Latin couplet of his own which he renders as follows : 

"Ik-re lies New England's father I Woe the day 1 
flow mingles mightiest dust with meanest clay I" 

And Uphnm, in his exhaustive treatment of the witchcraft 
horror, says thai Bradstreet was living, at the age of 90, at 
Salem during the witchcraft prosecutions in 1692, but* old as 
he was, and perilous as it was, he made known his entire disap- 
proval of them, "It is safe to say," adds Upham* ik that, if 
he had not been superseded by the arrival of Sir William Phips 
as Governor under the new charter, they would never hare taken 
place*" 

Upbam's treatment of Bradstreet* s part In these transactions 
demands more space.* He says i 

At n Court of Assistants, on adjournment, held at Boston, on the 
20th of May, 1660; The Grand Jury having presented Elizabeth Morse, 
wife of Wl !jo was tried and convicted of the crime Of 

witchcraft. The Governor, on the 27th of May, '* after the lecture," 
In the First Church of Boston, pronounced the sentence of death upon 
her. Do the 1st of June, the Governor and Assistants voted to re~ 
prleve her bi until the next seeriofi of the Court in Boston.'* At the 
Huid next teeeion, the reprieve! was still further continued. This 
•ectnp to have produced much dissatisfaction, as Is shown by the 
following extract from the record* of the House of Deputies:— 

**The Deputies, on perusal of the Acts of the Hono irt of 

r;ints, relating to the woman condemned for witchcraft* do not 
understand the reason why the sentence, given against her by said 
Court, is not executed : and the second reprleval seems to us beyond 
what the law will allow, and do therefore judge meet to declare our* 
selves against It, with reference to the concurrence of the honoured 
magistrates hereto." 

The action of the magistrates, on this reference, is recorded as 

follows : — 
M 8d of November, 1680— Not consented to by magistrates. 

EowAjtD Uawson, Secretary/' 

The evidence against Mrs, Morse was frivolous to the last decree, 
without any of the force and effect given to support the prosecutions 
In Salem, twelve years afterwards, by the astounding confessions of 
the accused, and the spkndid acting of the " afflicted children;" yet 
she was tried and condemned in Boston, and sentenced the 
** Lecture-day." The representatives of the people, in the House of 
Deputies, cried QUI against her reprieve. She was saved by the 
courage and wisdom of Governor Broxlstreet, subsequently a resident 
of Salem, where his ashes rest, . . * 

Things continued In the condition just described,— Mrs. Morse hi 
jail under sentence of death] that sentence suspended by reprieves 
from the Governor from time to time, until the next year, when her 
husband, ih f and In he presented an eaj 

aor, Deputy-governor, Megtsti 
and 1> May the 18th, I *t her 

in inihUcr typo waa omitted In ttie reading. 



24 EXERCIM> at rm: iwkjlim; OF THE TABLETO, 

case might be OOHctodftd, one way or an> iter referring to her 

condemnation, and to her attestation of Innocence, she says, **B 

mercy or Got1 t and the of thi honored Governor, f m 

reprieved/* She begs the Court to 'hearken to her c 

She places herself at the foot of the tribunal of 1 1 • 

now *taud humbly praying your justice in hearing a 

determine therein as the Lord shall direct. I do not noderstand law, 

nor do 1 know how to lay ray case before yon as t 01 

of which £ humbly beg of your honors that my request may not he 

rejected/ 1 The House of Deputies, ou the 24th of Mu o give 

her a new trial. But the magistrates refused to concur in the 

and so the matter stood, for how long a time there are, i believe, no 

means of knowing. Finally, however, she wn* released from prison, 

aud allowed to return to her own house. , . . 

The cases of Margaret Jones, Attn Hihhins, and Elizabeth Morse 
II lust vale strikingly and fully the history and condition <>l Mm i 
rnimt in New England, and Lhe ivortd ov?r. inref< 

nth century. . , . The only real I upon 

Margaret Jones waft that she was a successful practition 
using only simple remedies. Ann Hlbbins wa tu of the 

slanderous gossip of a prejudiced neighbor; all our actual knowledge 
of her oelng her Will, which proves that she was a parson of much 
more than ordinary dignity of mind . . . EllzalH- appears C*"» 

have been one of the best of Christian v tsations 

against thenu u*> a whole* cover nearly the whole which 

the subsequent prosecutions in Salem rested. John \\ 
seutence upon Margaret Jon- Endtcott upon Ann 1111 

and Simon Bradstn 

governor performed the office M un unavoidable act 
and prevented the execution of the by the eooragi 

his prerogative* in defiance of public clamor and the wrath Of tin- 
representatives of the whole people of He 

Dr. Palfrey, commenting on these events, endorses Upbf 
view in these words: **He bad steadfastly refused to 
the execution of i ooovfoted witch some vein he Saletn 

tragedy ; he is not known to have done anything to countenance 
the follies which had been rife in the h bha of blfl 

ad m i n i b tra t i on ; a nd t h e re is e ve ry \ > t 
continued 16 bo < hie! Magistrate, the misery and shame 
inaugurated his SUooedSor's government would I 
spared/* 

Unless these phrases are misleading eharacter 

which will reward our study. Two centuries have been spent 
in efforts to explain away and excuse cninattofia 

of the witchcraft period,— to show that K 
for Salem to follow, and I 
English speaking and of oil 
as we, and that religion and phili 

rather than u lack of titlBia lit we 

have in Brads , hare 



EXERCISE* AT THE UNVEILING OF THE TARLET8. 25 



much more to tbe point. If we can fairly claim for Bradstreet 
that he saw the hideous abomination in its true tight, that he 
saw it at the time as we nee it now, and asitwaa, and did what 
one man could, at the risk of both personal comfort and 
orlicial prestige, to arrest the horror, and that he would gladly 
have done more, then we shali have placed this venerable 
public servant on a pedestal of hie own, and shall have raised 
him to the unique rank not only of the man who deserves best 
of bis own time, but of one whose insight and firmness and 
independence of mind put him quite in advance of his day, and 
entitle him to a good deal more than an equal share in the 
enduring honors of the Chief Magistracy of Massachusetts. 

Simon Brads tree t was born at Horbliug, near Boston, in 
Lincolnshire, in March, 16GS, lie was the son of a Non- 
Conformist minister whose name he bore, and who was settled 
at llorbling, who had been a Fellow of Immanuel College, 
Cambridge, and who preached at different times both in England 
and in Holland* His grandfather Bradstreet is described as "a 
Suffolk gentleman of fine estate/' When a lad, Bradstreet had 
the advantage of good schooling until the age of fourteen, but 
the death of his father threw him then upon his own resources* 
Soon after, he became an inmate <>r the family of the Earl of 
Lincoln, the best family, in Cotton Mather's judgment, in all 
the peerage. How deeply enlisted in American colonization 
was the interest of this family is patent from the fact that one 
daughter* the Lady Arbella, had married Isaac Johnson of 
Winthrop's party, that another daughter bad married the son 
of Sir Ferdinaudo Gorges, and that a third was the wife of 
John Humphrey, chosen first deputy -go? era or with Winthrop, 
and yielding the place to Thomas Dudley, because he found 
himself unable to sail with the Winthrop party. In this noble 
family Bradstreet spent bis next eight years under the tutelage 
of Thomas Dudley, who was his elder by a generation, and 
whose daughter he married just before the embarkation for 
N6H England, Dudley was then steward of this great baronial 
estate, which the young Earl of Lincoln had just inherited, but 
much encumbered through the prodigality of his grandfather, 
Bradstreet next acted aa tutor to a aon of the Earl of Warwick, 
who was just entered at Immanuel College, and, after a year, 
returned to the service of the Earl of Lincoln, where he 
succeeded Dudley in the office of steward. This place he filled 
to the lasting profit of the estate, later sustaining the same 
oillee in the service of the aged Countess of Warwick, a family 
also greatly interested in New England colonization, The 
Earl of Warwick had, about 1623, one of the earliest patents 
for Massachusetts Bay, but resigned it to the actual settlers of 



2ti EXERCISES AT THE I AG OF THE TABLETS. 



the tract a year or two later. And the venerable Count** 
mother, was recognized in letters of acknowledgment from 
the General Court, in 1684, as a benefactress of this plant 
Hutchinson says that Lincolnshire contribui 
colonists than any pari of England, save possibly London* 
While associated with this family Brad street married, in 
Am, the daughter of Thomas Dudley, and in 1629, h^ 
&Oted himself with the Winthrop party, in which li« 
had become deputy-Movernor before leaving London, ai 
had been chosen an assistant at Southampton sailed, early 
in 1630, for New England, Savage thinks he hail studied law, 
mid this is not unlikely! for the responsible position of steward 
of one of these vast estates might well demand it, a position of 
tOOW social importance than its designation would at once import 
Twenty odd years ago, I passed i *ummer near Warwick, 
and I he old mediaeval stronghold, small as its population was, 
was th^u entitled, under the polin m of England, to 

two seats in the House of Commons. I; thousand 

people were so generally tenants of his Grace, the Earl of 
Warwick, and its burgesses were so generally dependent on 
the Earl for patronage and occupation, that the two sea 
Parliament were traditionally held I that nobtei 

disposal. Accordingly, one of his sous filled one of the seats 
and his steward the other, 

Bradstreet landed at Salem with Winthrop in June, IGSO, 
In company with the Governor, he pushed on at once in search 
of a site for the new capital- town, which was i 
designs of Oldham and Gorges on tin alley, 

singularly enough reaching Charlestown on the now hi 
seventeenth of Juno, and he was present 

of Use Court of Assistants, held at I ie twenty 

third Of August, havh nefore the 

(iovemor and others, Marol board the Arbella* From 

>n, through an unbrok , -two years, a 

period without parallel in our h 
the continuous 

saohnsetta Bay, By repented sponi 
and also by repeated hour ointment, 

MaaanchuHftfK who, early and hit iified 

respect and trtist of ail his neighbors. U 

of men for his con v 

magistrate approach ed him 

was impossible 

somebody's eo: , as in the 

later east 



KXERf I>K> \T THE rNVElLIXU OF THE TABLETS* 27 



charges of slowness and indecision. No voice was raised to 
question his integrity of purpose, and those who impugned 
bis judgment and were impatient of hie caution were never 
numerous enough or strong enough to compass his displacement. 
This can only be attributed, in such to the dominancy 

of strong personal character. Had his administration been 
colorless and feeble, he might have escape! active antagonisms, 
but then, to bold his place, he must needs have been backed by 
a strong sustaining agency from without* At no time could he 
rely on such support. The source of Bradstreet's strength was 
the unstinted confidence of his fellow colonists. 

Soon after the settlement at Charleatown, June 17, 1630, and 
the resulting settlement :il Boston, Sept, 17, 1630, Bradstreet 
seems to have had a band, daring the following spring, in the 
planting of Newetowne, which was a year or two later to be 
called Cambridge and was* in 16S8, incorporated as Cambridge, 
the college being then and there established. But, before 1636, 
Bradstreet seems to have interested himself in the building 
up of Ipswich, at a later date, according to Dr. Palfrey, second 
only to Boston in size and importance among the great towns 
of the colony. This growth iw anticipated in what Wood says 
of Ipswich, before 1688, in his " New England's Prospect:" 

Agowamme is nine miles to the North from Salem, which 
is one of the most spations places for a plantation being neare 
the sea, it aboundetb with fish, and flesh of fowles and beasts, 
great Meads and Marshes and plaine plowing grounds, many 
good rivers and harbours and no rattle snakes. In a word* it 
is the best place but one, which ia Merrimacke, lying 8 miles 
beyond it, where is a river 20 leagues navigable, all along the 
river side is fresh Marshes, in some places 3 miles broad. In 
this river is Sturgeon, Summon, and Basse, and divers other 
kinds of fish. To conclude, the Conn trie hath not that which 
this place cannot yecid. So that these two places may containe 
twice as many people as are yet in new England : there being 
as yet scarce any inhabitants in these two spacious places/* 
That Bradstreet made his residence at Ipswich, from the winter 
of 1635-G until 1642, appears from Felt's history of the town, 
S&TOge, in his notes to WintbropV Journal, places lum there 
in 1644. But he seems to have been established at Andover, 
of which fine old town he is also the acknowledged founder, 
before the close of that year. 

During these years, Vane, Winthrop, Thomas Dudley, 

Bellii , nd Endecott had sharm! the chief-magistracy at 

different periods between them, and it is Interesting to note 

Hradstreet's father-in-law, Dudley ,was a resident of Ipswich 

while be was Governor of the Colony and while his gifted 



2H EXERCISES AT THE UNVEILING OF THE TABLE! 

daughter, the wife of Bradstreet, was living here as his near 
neighbor, The Ipswich Apple Ions were also neighbors, nod 
Palfrey thinks it probable that the revered preacher, Nathaniel 
Apple ton> had sat on Bradstreef s knee* Bellingham, while 
Governor in 1641, seems also to have resided in Ipswich, at 
that time the centre of a rare group of remarkabU men, 

Ann Dudley, the first wife of Governor Hradsf reet, was the 
mother of his family* She died at Audovei in September, 1672, 
and Bradstreet left Afldover soon after. He seems to have 
fortunate in his mate, She had married at sixteen, and while 
she reared eight children, two of the four sons graduates of 
Harvard fitted partly by her care, had time enough and gift 
enough to write considerable volumes of prose and verse,— the 
first woman in Am ibalteflge attention to her scholarship 

and the products of her pen. To her poetic fervor two of her 
descendants, the poet Dam and the poet Holmes, may owe 
thcirjfame* 

I wish it were possible to give a passing word to this 
pioneer among: the unexplored possibilities of American letters* 
Tributes of affection for the honored Governor, her husband, 
are among the finest lines she ever wrote. One of 
contains this outburst of womanly pride and ardor, In 
no happUy-niarried woman will fail to catch the true ring: 

M To my dear and loving Husband : 

vv If ever two were one, then in rely ¥ 

Jf ever man were loved by wife, then the*; 

If ever wife were happy In a man, 

Compare with me, ye wonw n, If JOB can ! 

I pruethylov. bole Mines of Gold, 

Or all the riches that the East doth hold, 

h that Rivera cannot qoe 
Nor sup hi but love from thee i*ive reo 



From the Brads treete the great ('banning ilto and Wendell 
Phillips, the matchless or.< h trace descent. 

We need not lack ai ace with unal 

appearance and habits. His portraits hang in tin oust, 

and i there is 

in the City Hall ai deoott be !'*&&?« 

— the first and Hie -mors, and both at 

times reaktanta of Salem, His vien 
were liberal. He bad built » I 
was \ 
and \- 

Hiatoi 



^XEROSES AT TTTK rvVRIUNT; OF THE TABLETS, 29 



black silk, but not sumptuously." And Winsor adds bis own 
estimate of the man in tbeae fforaa ; 4 ■ He seemed to concentrate 
id himself the dignity and wisdom of tbe first century of 
Massachuseti 

Bradstreet is accredited with much activity in the building up 
of Andover, almost a frontier settlement in those early decades, 
where he remained, faithfully discharging, as often as called on, 
iundrv oltlci'h of the town, until 1672. There he owned much 
laud and promoted many enterprises, lie built tbe first mill 
on the Coehiekcwiek, an Andover tributary of the Merrimack, 
in 164 1, In September, 163H, be had been the chief proprietor 
in tbe founding of Salisbury; in 16J)6 be owned suit-works at 
Nahant; and in 1674 owned the Uowley iron- works in a section 
uf the town now incorporated as Box ford* He also owned 
estates in Topafleld, some of them, until recently, descending 
in the name. He had lands and dwelling-bouses at Water/town, 
Cambridge and Boston, As early as 1639 he bad a grant of 
five hundred acres of land near Governor Endecott's farm, 
now Dan vers. 

Time fails us to rehearse in more detail tbe value of Governor 
Brad street's life-services to this community. But no lover of 
the grand old Commonwealth, proud of her history, can be 
indifferent to them. The length of his term of ofHee is without 
a parallel. It began with the beginning of tbe State, He was 
chosen at the Itiyt meeting of the Court of Assistants in Eng- 
land. It outlasted all those in eutupicuous standing who came 
with Wmthrop. Near half a century an Assistant, ten years 
Cbief Magistrate, twenty -four years a Commissioner of the 
Colonial Confederacy, he was thrown upon times when intense 
suspicion and jealousy of the home government were the rule, 
and periods of tranquillity end qniel prosperity were the excep- 
tion ; when border warfare with the Indiana and French and 
Dutch gave way, from time to time, only to internal commotion 
and revolutionary turmoil* Brads tree t bad need, day by day, 
for the sixty-two years of his official tenure, of a steadiness of 
purpose, a power of resistance, a wholesome self-assertion, a 
clear insight and perception, an unfailing judgment, which may 
well excuse tbe lack of those more showy qualities his critics 
grudge him. His epitaph, placed by the Province on the 
monument in tbe old Salem graveyard, tells in stately Latin 
how he poised in an equal balance the Authority of the King 
and the Liberty of the People. That he did not lack energy 
at the age of forty-one appears from Winthrop's naming him 
with Ward and Symonds and Saltonstall of Ipswich, and with 
Hathorne of Salem, in the dangerous young Essex Cabal of 
1644. That he did not lack energy at the age of eighty-seven 
appears from the success of his expedition for the capture of 



30 EXERCISES AT THE UNVEILING OF THE TAB1 



Port Royal and the annexation of Nova Scotia, on which be 
gent a fleet while he was acting as Prov uor, wit 

what Bancroft calls his Council of Safety behind b 
time when every step taken was taken at Us pud, and he 
might pay for it with his head, whether BUCCi iittire 

led the upheaval. Jacob Lhe usurping ( 

of New York, was condemned to death and beheaded for his 
part in a like transaction. 

Bradstreet crowned bis long career with a most extraordinary 
triumph. When we consider his extreme age, the risk- 
rounding the undertaking, and the readiness with which be 
might have found an excuse, had he sought an excuse, in his 
sixty years of unbroken and honorable service, — the pict:; 
the brave old man, riding up King Street to wrest the Colony, 
ita Magistracy and its Archives from the i Is of 

Andres, and to commit him to the stronghold of his own 
I providing, is one well calculated to stir the blood of Ipswich 
men who proudly claim Bradstreet for a former townsman* Let 
roe attempt to outline this historic ptofore, 

William of Orange, later William the Third of England,— 
second invader of the name to enter England, — bad land 
Torbay, November 5, 1688, in execution of mi attempt upon 
the British crown. News travelled slowly then voud 

vague rumorB by the way of Holland, nothing was k< 
of this startling fact until it reached us, m the April following, 
through the West India Islands, then in at tttfl as 

New England with Great Britain. its are 

far from certain of success, — witness two snob unm 
Napoleon III before he succeed ml in climbing to the throne of 
France, — and there were several periods daring this enterprise 
when it seemed doomed to failure. In fact no i -f success 

could be predicated of it before February, 10*11, and at the 
time the dispatches which A Boston ennoui 

Revolution had left England, the issue of it hung doubt [ 
the balance. But so thorough was the estran- 
Colonic*! from the Mother Cotm 

readiness to profit hv every possili 
spark was enough to fire the n 
I 

rices, and to li iwta 

with i tin Engl 

for tli 

and be wan known to be m 
He was jttst retun 
the In 
the j 
England, On Ap 



EXERCISES AT THE UNVEILING OF THE TABLETS 31 



revolt reached Bob ton, upon secret preparation, the Town wag 
early abroad* Thursday, weekly lecture day, — this brought 
many from the surrouoding towns to Boston, —a\ as the day 
selected on which to try the issue* It was also Council day* In 
the morning, a patriot party seized the Captain of the "Rose* 1 
Frigate who ventured on shore at Long Wharf to report to the 
Governor, and held him prisoner. Wild rumors of movements 
of the Royal Regiments stirred the town* At nine, the drums 
beat an alarm, A signal was displayed on Beacon Hill. 
Presently, marching up King Street, now State Street, straight 
for the Town House at its bead* came the veteran who had 
never failed them, — Bradstrect,— the last of the Old Charter 
Governors, — with Danforth, the hist deputy -governor, and the 
rest*, proceeding under military escort to the Council Chamber, 
where they possessed themselves of the persons of the Royal 
Officers wtio bad been summoned there, happily including 
among them the Castle Jailer* All these they placed under 
lock and key. At high noon a proclamation was read to the 
people from the Eastern balcony looking down the street. 
declaring the objects and designs of the uprising. Proceed- 
ings like these sound more like Paris than like sober Boston* 
The proclamation detailed .ncea, — it singled out and 

named the oppressors of the people, — it referred with jubilation 
to the hopeful movement of the Prince of Orange, — it professed 
loyalty to the British Crown and Parliament, — and it appealed 
to Heaven and to the common sense of justice in mankind. By 
two o'clock, twenty Companies of militia were under arms in 
Boston and several more were waiting at Charlestown to cross 
the ferry. A summons for immediate surrender was presented 
to Andros, as he was tardily attempting an escape on board 
the Frigate lying at Long Wharf, Her ports were open, her 
colors all displayed, her guns trained upon the Town House 
and her decks cleared for action. The gig sent ashore for 
Andros was promptly captured by the party bearing the 
summons. Hut Andros made good his escape and reached the 
strong boh I lie had erected on Fort Hill. Vigorous preparations 
then made to storm the pa 11 sad o- fortress at the end of 
the Battery March, and to take the Governor in his retreat. 
Andros demanded a parley and this was refused, He then 
surrendered and was taken under close guard to the Town 
House, Nothing remained but to disable the Castle in the 
tw and the Frigate at the whiff. It was now four o'clock. 
The final act in the drama whs deferred until the marrow, 
when nil this was promptly effected, bringing the successful 
issue of the struggle on the since historic 19th day of April, 
and Brudatreet whs able to report to the Revolutionary party 
in England that it was "effected without bloodshed and without 



32 EXBRCf&E! ji: r wkiunk I »F THE TABJ 



plunder*" It mut>' mbered that the actors in ibis 

handed movement had absolutely no authority from unyii 
The only warrant they had was derived from the know 
that the people put confidence in their wisdom and in the 
integrity of their purposes. For a period of forty day* 
this, the Brit tab officer** iu Boston claimed to have uo triust* 
worthy confirmation of the success of the Prince of Orange, 
and it was only on the 29th day of the following month 
William III wus proclaimed King of England at Ru> 

In the narrative of this pivotal event I have followed pretty 
closely the authority of Di\ Palfrey, who is never disj 
to over-praise the NeBtor Governor at any period of his career. 
Bancroft paints the picture on tire same lines but his colore are 
more ornate. The records of the British State Paper OUlee, 
now in print, are accessible in our larger libra I the 

Boston Public Library has a choice, unique and most interesting 
and valuable collection ci proda and broadsides issued 

during this exciting ct 

During his second term in the Chief Magistracy, lasting f 
years and end lug iu hia ninetieth year, Brail street filled that 
honorable place to general acceptance, There may have been 
more picturesque figures in the Life of that day, and there may 
have been more aggressive foro ■*,— there wore ttntiv 
and more ambitions aspirants in the political life of tie Colony. 
But it is fair to say that, at each recurring period of popular 
election, no other man was seriously thought of for that trying 
post while the Nestor Governor cmtid be retained. II 
inactive. Nova Scotia was conquered and an □ mada 

was attacked, and his policy seems to have been to 
if possible, to offer to the home government a eon fed i 
stretching from the St. Lawrence to the Hudson, 
t ion of the broader Charter rights to which the I , now 

loyal to the new but not too friendly dynast ed herself 

entitled. New England grew in her geuen res if not 

in her financial capacity, she grew in her population 
broadened in her political philosophy, and in ber dem&m 
the reigning dynasty in England At last, in 1692, Brail 
was able, as be had long been ready, to surrender his 
to a new and younger gi 

respects a better Charter, and to retire from a of strw* 

and peril to the fiv, d so well, 

and which he passed :»i 

rnor Wii. 1 637, 

says Palfrey, he was the I ah J j , who had 

been i 



EXERCISES AT THE UNVEILING OF THE TABLETS* 33 

contribute a hundred pounds towards the expenses of his burin 1, 
in consideration of his long and extraordinary service/' He 
was buried at Salem with a good deal of ceremony, and the 
diary of Chief Justice Sewall, one of his pall- bearers, details 
the unusual honors paid his memory. *• He had been Secretary 
of the Colony,'* Palfrey adds, " an Assistant forty -six years, 
a Commissioner of the Confederacy twenty- four times, Agent lo 
England, Deputy Governor and Governor* Not often baa & 
human memory been laden with experiences more diversitied, 
A youth passed amidst the refinements of old civilization, — 
then the destitution of a wilderness and conflicts with savage 
men, — the growth of a virtuous and vigorous Commonwealth, — 
its subversion, resurrection and reorganization under restricted 
but permanent conditions,— such was the outline of nearly a 
century's events traced by the recollections of a leading actor 
in them*" 

New England must be rich indeed in the great characters of 
history if she can afford to forget so sound » so safe, so broad- 
minded, so sturdy a magistrate amongst her honored list as 
Simon liradstreet ! 



Following Mr. Hautoul, Chid Justice Oliver Wendell 
Holme* , or the Supreme Court of Mweachua<ettfl t spok« 
briefly, is follows : — - 

We are told by scholars that the Greeks and Romans built 
up their cities and th*ir civilization on the worship of their 
ancestors and care for the shadowy needs of the dead. That 
ancient religion has vanished, but the reverence for venerable 
traditions remains. 1 feel it to my finger tips, but with just the 
change from personal and family story to the larger, vaguer, but 
not less inspiring belief that we tread a sacred soil. I have 
been too busy trying to account for myself to stop to account 
for my ancestors* I have the poems of Aun Rradstreet, that 
pale passion flower of our first spring* but I do not read ilu-m 
often, and 1 cannot say much more of Governor Dudley than 
that what I once wrongly thought his portrait, in modest form, 
8 in my house. But 1 love every brick and shingle of the 
old Massachusetts towns where once they worked and prayed, 
tnd I think it a noble and pious thing to do whatever we may 
by written word and moulded bronze and sculptured stone to 
keep our p i, OUl ivvermce and our love alive and to 

band them on to new generations all too ready to forget. 

It may be that W6 are to be replaced by other races that 
E»me here with other traditions and to whom at first the great 

3 



34 EXERCISES AT THE UNVEILING TABLET 

past of Massachusetts seems, as they sometimes proclaim it, but 
the doings in a corner of a little baud of provincial heretics. 
Bat I am bold to hope that the mighty leaven that swelled th© 
hearts of the founders of this Commonwealth still * 
will work even under altered forms, — that their successor* witt 
keep the state what the founders made it, a hearthstone for 
sacred fire. 

We all, the most unbelieving of us, walk by faith. We 
do our work and live our lives not merely to vent and re&liy 
inner force, but with a blind and trembling hope that somehow 
the world will be a little better for our striving* 
must not be limited to our personal tii^k, to the present, or 
even to the future. It must include t; mi bring all, 

past, present and future, into the unity of a single continuous 
life. We consecrate these memorials of what has been 
the intent and expectation that centuries from now those who 
raid the simple words will find their lives richer, their purposes 
stronger, against the b lad of that different past. 

From early days there have been built in the ports of Essax 
County, or drawn to them from neighboring towns, boats that 
were to seek from them new harbors across the barren sen 
in altered guise, longimiy it be with us. Long may it be true, 
as it still is, Unit not only we, descendants of the 
builders, but many others from afar who conn* b tUffeOfa 

their crnft may send to all the havens of the *•■ 
thoughts and the impulses of great deeds* To tb apttoh- 

ment of that prayer it la no alight help to feel that we hi 
past, to remember that many generations of men have stored 
^rtb — yes, this very spot — wiH fodaat 

as they are, the monuments now unv trumpets 

which two hundred yejirs from now may blow the great l 
calls of life* as two hundred years ago those whom thej 
memorate heard them in their hearts. And dlant 

spirit, two hundred jaaia trow now as two hundred years ago, 
the white sands of Ipswich, terrible us engn) 
aa th* 1 oprtl flash of fairy walls, will gh Li horizon, the 

image of man's mysterious go 



Augustine Jones, A.M., of V al of 



LKT, 



It in now a year 
hornet *nd bM&ta 

1 am IQ 
tht humbl 






EXERCISES AT THE IN VEILING OF THE TABLETS. 35 



souls were nurtured : — the homes of Isaac and Arbella John- 
son, of Dudley, Br* Bradford and Brewster, We 
wander over the same permanent highways familiar to them. 
hing perhaps affects ns so much as the little village 
churches, some of tbem five hundred years old, where these 
memorable fathers and founders were christened, and married, 
and where they learned to worship the living God, Thither 
their feet in childhood were turned, here they caught early 
thoughts of righteousness, which they hulk into the found a 
tions of their work in the new world. Here is St. Botolphs, in 
Boston, Eng;, with its perpendicular tower 300 fret high, the 
finest church in its day, which Rer. John Cotton left, to minister 
in a desolate cabin, with a straw thatched roof, in Boston, Mass., 
furnishing forever an illustrious example of devotion to duty, 
and obedience to conviction. 

We are assembled today upon one of the spots made notable 
by these same historic personages, Mv friends, it is good for 
us to be lie re. It is a noble work to cherish every spot made 
bright by the presence of the founders of Massachusetts. 
Edward Everett said, **I reverence, this side of idolatry, the 
wisdom and fortitude of the revolutionary and constitutional 
leaders, but I believe we ought to go back beyond thera all, for 
the real framers of the commonwealth," 

Governor Thomas Dudley, a Puritan second only to Gov- 
ernor John Winthrup in founding the Colony of Massachusetts, 
and in its history from 1630 until 1653, was born at North- 
ampton, England, in the year 1576. He was without doubt, 
descended from John Sutton, the first Baron Dudley of Dudley 
Castle. He was therefore connected by blood with the Duke 
of Northumberland, Lord Guilford Dudley and Sir Philip 
Sidney, We are not, however, unmindful that the greatness of 
Governor Dudley arose not from hie distinguished ancestry but 
from his life work, Far above 4i The boast of heraldry, the 
pomp of power, 1 * ia the imperishable renown, of being one of 
the foremost among the founders of this great state, dedicated 
to liberty, to the freedom of human thought, to the worth and 
excellence of individual character. 

His youth was spent in the midst of wealth, luxury and 
splendor, The Co mp tons were not Puritans, they intensely 
enjoyed the good things of life, Here, in all the excess of 
fashion and joviality, Dudley in robust youth and even to vig- 
orous manhood took his leading share. When, in later years, 
be was Governor of Massachusetts, a Puritan of Puritans, with 
grave responsibilities, in peril from enemies at home and abroad, 
and above till with a burning zeal for the welfare of Zion, when 
11 AH his serious thoughts had rest in heaven, 1 * how often he 



%f» EXZBCIfiE* AX 





2fc*r* reealjed those fi'niilusjs days at 1 
aad A*&£TCa*^e! He settou hi the ! 

a* tod terred ■nn.'riarf waiSe tine gay i 
the dan** sre forgoaea- Here » am : 
wfco a^ege tna£ fie wa« not well bed. 

He reslckd for aeariy fcenee* inn, from ltl€.at, or i 
xzsrttX Segpri-jgfetflg in Iineotashire. He m very i 
f al in the managesttest of Ok estates of ike Earl of 
He discharged great debca. to the amout of one 
tboosand doLars. acd left the estate prosperooa, Perhaps 
ooe of the most rnarvejoc* features in it. after all, waa that be 
acquired *ceh an ascendency oier the EarL that be allowed htm 
to restrain his expenditures. He was entrusted eren with the 
del'ttl* service of procuring a match between the daughter of 
I»rd Say and the Earl. Dudley conferred enduring immortality 
epos this lady, by writing to her a letter from his desolate home 
in Boston, Mae*., which will be thooghtf nil y and gratefully read 
by citizens of the Lifted States forever, while the brilliant 
women, who were her companions in society, will be forgotten. 

The time had arrived in 1630 when he was to make his pil- 
grimage to America, never to return. He had no need to 
make a business adventure over the ocean, he was now retired 
from business, and was one of the most affluent men in the 
Colony in America. If the indispensable things of life did not 
draw him from the comfort and luxury of Old England, what 
were the motives? Certainly nothing less than the desire for 
civil and religions liberty, for himself and his posterity. So 
soon as be was assured that the Massachusetts charter would 
go to America with them, and that the possibilities of a pore 
church and noble state lay before them, he consulted not with 
flesh and blood, but joined in the adventure. Mather says 
"The time* began to look black and cloudy upon the Non- con- 
formists, of which Mr. Dudley was one to the full." The king 
was glad to get rid of them; freedom to worship God was 
before them. " The Puritans/' says Lowell, "were the most 
perfect incarnation of an idea that the world has seen." 

Dudley had twenty-three years before him; they were a 
glorious remnant of life, full of self saciificing privations,upon 
which he entered "with firmness in the right, as God gave him 
to see the right." The most important emigration to America, 
which was ever ronde (it saved the Pilgrims at Plymouth) and 
it is sometimes said, which has ever been made in the history 
of the world, was about to be undertaken, and Dudley was to 
have a leading part in it. 

They sailed from Southampton March 22, 1630, in the ship 
Arbella. Dudley had been elected Deputy Governor, an office 



EXERCI8ES AT THE UNVEILING OF THE TABLETS, 37 

which he held subsequently thirteen different years. He was 
Governor four years, and President of the Commissioners of 
the Onit$d Colonies three years. They issued upon their de- 
parture a letter to the Church of England, full of loyalty to 
her, which some persona have thought to have been insincere, 
but they were destined to meet BOOH with many instructive les- 
sons, which would rapidly lead them to independency. They 
took with them the Charter of Massachusetts, which act of 
transfer has been criticised, but it has recently been ascertained 
that before their departure, the clause confining the govern- 
ment to England had been removed from it by agreement, and 
t action thoroughly justified. 
They arrived in America in June, 1GS0. They were not sat- 
isfied with Salem as a permanent home, because of the loss 
then.' of eighty emigrants before their arrival. They dwelt in 
Chariest own fat i short time, but some of them, including 
Wintbrop and MudJey, spent their first winter in Boston. They 
entered on the 13th day of July into the Covenant of the 
Church of Boston, and chose Rev. Mr. Wilson as their 
teacher. Their mode of church institution was not in accord 
with the Church of England. It was like the method of the 
Separatists in the Plymouth Colony. The earlier church at 
Salem was possessed with the same independency* 

" Hall to the spirit which dared 
Trust its own thoughts before yet 
Echoed him back by the crowd P 

It has been asserted also, that their government was a Theoc- 
tluit i* U> ity a government, or organized system of 
priests like the Hebrews* This was never true of the govern* 
meat of Massachusetts, Ministers were not allowed positions 
in the civil government. They were consulted, as the Supreme 
Court now is, by the executive, as to the meaning of law. They 
were l body most learned as to the meaning of Scripture ; and 
the Bible was their statute hook. It might as well be claimed 
that the judiciary and not the executive rules the state. That 
s »ot church members possessed the franchise has been re- 
fctded as important and as establishing a Theocracy, but every 
government is arbiti 1 guided by policy in extending the 

hise to citizens. It is declared not to be a constitutional 
right guaranteed to anybody even at the present time. The 
Christian religion always has been fundamental in the govern- 
ment, the whole common law rests upon it, as a foundation, 
on why the government should be denomi- 
nated a Thi 
One of the first difficulties these people had to encounter was 



38 HXKItflSES \i THE PHVBILING UK THU J A 



Will nuns, who is generally said to have been banished la 
Rhode Island, but no act of banishment was ever enforced upon 
him. He ^ent to England ; but, to avoid this, 

it voluntarily to Rhode (aland. The teachings of William a 
were then believed, in Massachusetts, to he sutn *t law 

and order. Be was at the bead of his own govern m. 
Rhode Island only a little over two years, and that period waa 
long after Dudley and Wintbrop were gone. A careful I 
nation will lead one to sympathize with the exec 
audi n setts and with its effort 9 to save its holy experiment of 
government. 

The career of Thomas Dudley in England, before he came to 
America at the age of fifty-four, was highly c ie, and 

was fully sustained by his I if*- and subsequent character here. 
He belonged to tbstt immediate age, after the BiMi 
the English common people, lie delighted in 
of the greatest and moat learned Puritan divines, both fa 
laud and America. The government of Massachusetr 
substantia d, as we at present know it, while Dudley 

and Winthtup were still living, so that we may well regard it, 
us the work of these early founders, and their aa*o« 
Mr. Dudley was a Puritan of the Cromwell, Pym and Hampden 
school of men. They were indeed associated personally In 
rs i they were all God-fearing, honest, reliable and 
trustworthy. No other family had such a hold on the govern- 
ment and the blgb plsosfi Ol power before or since, as 
Dudleys held in MasMichtisetts in its first century. 
It has been said, that these men had no conception of thi 
enltnde of the foundations they were laying, rluit they \ 
building better than they knew, It is not that th< j * of 

the superstructure was revealed to them* liutti lity 

of the government came from their hands eoi> 
and flu fidants have only wrought out in detail the con- 

ception and ideal of the fathers. 

W , Mftonablj cherish the thought, that so long 

government by ihe people interes 1 ind, thai ao long 

D study and search for inv locra 

Athens, or ll itzerland, or aloe i 

of Holli 

be regarded i y ot all which 

the in . Ko J m hel inv > I K u ro pe ; it was 

W England "that to u 

achieve ii i 

It is a question whether, if Rev, Thomas Hooker and i 

to Connr i 1635, Governor Dudley and his family 



EXERCISES AT THE UNVEILING OF THE TABLETS. 39 

friends would have removed to Ipswich. Dudley went soon 
after his first term as Governor. Hooker and Cotton were 
antagonistic and so were Winthrop and Haynes. Dr. John Eliot 
says, u had Hooker been called to the Church in Boston, and 
Mr. Haynes had no rival in Winthrop, it is most probable they 
would have continued with their people in Massachusetts," and 
the emigration which interests us today would not have taken 
place. These dispersions were all of the greatest importance 
in the settlements. Dr. George E. Ellis says that the Antino- 
mian troubles in Massachusetts were the cause. Cotton Mather 
says that the country soon found need of Dudley's wisdom and 
joyously welcomed his return to Roxbury near to Boston, a 
little before his second election as Governor. 



ANNUAL MEETING. 



The Annual Meeting of the Ipswich Historical Society 
was held on Monday evening Dec. 1, 1902, at the House 
of the Society. The following officers were elected for 
the year ensuing : 

President. — T. Frank Waters. 
Vice Presidents. — John B. Brown, 

Francis R. Appleton. 
Clerk. — John W. Goodhue. 
Directors. — Charles A. Sayward, 
John H. Cogswell, 
John W. Nourse. 
Corresponding Secretary. — John H. Cogswell. 
Treasurer. — T. Frank Waters. 
Librarian. — John J. Sullivan. 

The following Committees were chosen : 

On Historical Tablets. 

Charles A. Sayward, 
John H. Cogswell, 
John B. Brown, 
T. Frank Waters. 

Social Committee. 

Ralph W. Burn ham, 
Chester P. Woodbury, 
Edward Constant, 
Mrs. Charles A. Sayward, 
Mrs. John J. Sullivan, 
Miss Susan C. Whipple, 
Miss Bertha Dobson, 
Mrs. Cordelia Damon, 
Miss Anna W. Ross. 

(40) 



ANNUAL REPORT. 41 



On Membership. 



John W. Nourse, 
Ralph W. Burnham, 
Roberts. Kimball, 
Mrs. Harriet E. Noyes, 
Mrs. Elizabeth M. Brown. 

The Reports of the Treasurer, Curator and President 
were read and ordered to be printed. 

It was voted that a Life Membership be established and 
that the admittance fee be fifty dollars. 



REPORT OF THE PRESIDENT < >L THE U 
HISTORICAL SOCIETY. 



The most interesting event in the history of I 
year is the purchase of the remainder of the bind, 

including the old barn, which has been an unsigh 
somewhat dangerous neighbor. The removal of 
building will enhance the appearance of our house and 
grounds very materially, and ample roou ided for 

the erection at some future date, and an early on< 
hope, of a Memorial Building. Such a build 
already to allow room for the expanding collections, and 
to provide proper accommodations forme 
occasion s. 

The price paid for this land was large, and w< 
that the mortgage debt of the 
$3,500* But the? wisdom of the purchase wU\ 
questioned, since the acquisition of this lto vital 

importance. Although the sum needed for paj 
interest is increased to $140 per y«:ir, tins is n 
reasonable rental for a property that 
aud bo admirably adapted to our 080. The Treasi 
report assures us as well, that no li d will bo 

entailed by this investment. The revenue from member- 
ship fees and incidental gifts during th r haa 
been $486,53, and the income be Hou 

and the sale of pictures, etc., has added $168 
making the I $648,64. The Ho 

\ dollars smaller than last year, and 
number uf visitors early a hundred the 

it of the pr 

number of not re- 

main as large at least in the fixture. f l me from 

yearly dues is larger each year. rtbstaoding aoine 



REPORT OF THE PRESIDENT. 



43 



unusual expense for painting, papering, varnishing of 
floors and tin 1 like, a balance of two hundred and thirteen 
dollars remains in the treasury. 

Apart from the financial strength that accrues from a 
Large membership, it is gratifying to our pride that our 
Society has attained a position in the community that 
renders membership desirable. It numbers now about 
two hundred and fifteen active members, each of whom 
an annual due, and forty-six honomrv members. 
Many are non-residents who nre interested in the Town 
as the homo of their ancestors, and many more are resi- 
dent for the summer only. One of our number, Dr. E. 
S. Goodhue, is the Government Physician in Wuiluku, 
in the island of Maui, in the Hawaiian group ; another, 
Mr. Joseph 1\. Farley, reside* in Lihue, KnuaL in the 
group, and some are found upon the Putin 

Our Bouse is alwaye i source of enthusiastic delight to 
ire, who appreciate Its architectural value. Cultured 
people from tnany towns and cities in our Commonwealth 
and from twenty-eight other 8tutes, have visited the House 
during the pa , and their verdict is always the same : 

that, the House is the most remarkable specimen of the 
earliest architecture they have ever seen. 80 eminent an 
authority as the Hon. George Sheldon of Deerheld, who 
has been a life-long student of the antique and has 
gathered an unrivalled collection of old-time treasures, 

after 1 minute inspection, gave the Bouse unstinted praise 
as the finest of ancient buildings of our colony, and com- 
plimented tb r \ on the excellence of its exhibit. 

To promote acquaintance with the House and its con- 
tents an occasional free day ! advertised. It was 
opened in this way on the twenty-second of February, and 
also on July thirty-first. Notwithstanding the opportunity 
thus afforded to those who are not members, or who 
might be deterred by th< j usual admittance fee, only two 
hundred and fifty-one residents of Ipswich were recorded 
during the year. As familiarity always breeds contempt, 
we presume that this is likely to continue. But 
any scheme that would tend to popularize it with our 
townspeople, would be for the advantage of the Society, 
Those who come always express surprise, and confess to 
new interest* 



u 



REPORT OF THE PRESIDENT, 



The courtesies of the House were a] ndi?d to the 

Ipswich Woman's Club, the North Bridge I 
Daughters of the Revolution from Salem, the Hi 
Class of the Crombie Street Church, Salem* ami tl 
veotion of Ep worth League 

The Social Committee gave an antique supper wl 
proved an admirable social occasion and may have intro- 
duced many to the House for the first time, Mim 
Agnes Constant is entitled to the thank* of the 

Society for the delightful benefit coneeri >n Than I 

giving evening in the Town Hal), which netted twenty 
dollars for our treasury. Mr* and Mrs, Ralph W, 
Buruham, who have done so much for the 11 
to Philadelphia early in September, but we hope for their 
return for the summer of 1903, Miss Abbie M. Fellows 
very kindly served as resident curator for a f ka t 

and Mrs* Colman Tyler began her work us curator pro 
tem.t in October. Each and all have kept the Hon 
the nice painstaking care which is a theme of < 
praise, and a cordial welcome has been given to all visi- 
tors, though they may have come at inconvenient hour*. 

By the liberality of the Town, funds were provided for 
the erection of bronze tablets* this year. I 
to the ledge on Meeting House Hill, and tells briefly I 
date of the settlement, and the points of in that 

centre there. Another marks the site of Simon and Ann 
Bradstreet's dwelling, and a third, the sit* at' Govcn 
Dudley's residence. The exercises of d< Q were 

held on July 31st, when H< it S, Ronton] 

Salem, Chief Justice Oliver Wendell Holmes, and A 
tine Jones, Esq., Principal of the Friends 1 School, 
Providence, I:. L. delivered app l eloqne 

ml i Other localities deserve similar honor, and a 

continuance of the work should be made. 

Now that the heavy expense of repairin 
the Huns.* hie been roll ire maj mrago 

and high ambition the 
the debt but of securing funds for tl 
Memorial Building bo which made. 

Many j tf wealth ig from 

Ipswich am. q fashion in 

to give generously for and memorials in the old 



REPORT OF THE PRESIDENT. 45 

family home, that no apology is needed to explain any 
appeal that may be made for this purpose. 

The great names of Winthrop and Dudley and Salton- 
8 tall, of the famous ministers, of the soldiers Denison and 
Samuel Appleton, of the patriots of 1687, John Wise 
and his associates, and the grand deed they accomplished 
in the Ipswich Town Meeting, the names of soldiers in 
many wars, and of citizens who won honor for themselves in 
the quiet affairs of civil life, — all need to be grouped har- 
moniously and chiselled in stone or bronze, as an eternal 
memorial of their fair fame, and an illuminating and in- 
spiring appeal to high living in each succeeding generation. 
Such a Hall of Fame would be an educational factor of 
great value, and a constant source of pride in our town 
and its history. The expansion of our work that would 
follow easily and naturally from it would raise our Society 
to unique and broad distinction. Before another twelve 
months have passed, shall we not witness a substantial 
beginning of this great and honorable enterprise ? 



REPORT. OF THE CCRATOR 



Or THE IPSWICH HBTOUCAL 90CIKIT FOB 
Z5DOPG DEC. 1, 1902. 



THE TEAM 



The total number of names of visitors entered in the 
Visitors' Book was 1097. 

The total number of residents of Ipswich recorded was 
251 and the number of residents in the state of Massa- 
chusetts, not including residents of Ipswich was 533. 
The total of Massachusetts visitors was 784. 

The remainder were residents of nearly every state in 
the Union, as will appear from the following tabulation, 
covering four years. 



Alabama, 

Arkansas, 

California, - 

Colorado, 

Connecticut, 

Dist. of Colombia, 

Florida, 

Georgia, 

minoij, 

Indiana, 

Iowa, 



Kentucky, 

Louisiana, 

Maine, 

Maryland, 

Massachusetts, 

Michigan, 

Minnesota, 

Missouri, 

Montana, 

Nebraska, 

(46) 



lflSt 


ists 


tsti 


190 





9 

















1 


4 


6 




4 


3 


1 




6 


9 


17 




6 


4 


6 


18 


28 


2 


1 




2 


1 


1 







IS 


88 


89 


88 





4 




2 


1 


1 




4 





8 










3 




1 


s 


8 


11 


1 


19 


19 


13 


10 


6 


4 




9 


918 


1900 


708 


7*4 


9 


8 




2 


6 


16 


19 


4 


6 


9 


6 


8 





1 











1 


1 


8 



REPORT OP THE CURATOR. 47 

1880 1900 1901 1903 

New Hampshire, 21 

New Jersey, 14 

New York, 42 

North Carolina, .... o 

North Dakota, 

Ohio, 6 

Oregon, 

Pennsylvania, 88 

Rhode Island, 4 

Sonth Dakota, .... o 

Tennessee, 

Texas, 2 

Vermont, 6 

Virginia, 5 

West Virginia, 

Wisconsin, 8 

Washington, 

Germany, 

New Brunswick, 1 

Nova Scotia, 2 

1,184 1,518 1,008 1052 

On February 22, the House was opened to the public 
and 31 names of visitors were recorded. 

On February 28, an old-fashioned supper was served 
and about 175 were present. No names were recorded 
on this occasion. 

The Ipswich Woman's Club held a Reception to officers 
of other Clubs on April 14, and 64 names were recorded. 
The North Bridge Chapter of the Daughters of the 
Revolution from Salem were entertained on June 5. 
Thirteen members were present. Twenty members of 
the Historical Class of the Crombie Street Church, Salem, 
were entertained on July 23. 

On July 31, the day of the Dedication of the bronze 
Tablets, 62 visitors recorded their names, and on Sept. 1, 
48 delegates to the Convention of Epworth Leagues 
visited the House. 

Ralph W. Burnham, Curator. 



16 


10 


17 


24 


24 


24 


79 


70 


59 


1 


2 








1 





18 


7 


15 





1 





20 


88 


19 


4 


8 


6 





1 





2 


6 





1 


1 





1 


8 


2 


2 


10 




1 







1 


1 




4 







1 


1 







1 










8 



REPORT OF THE TREASURER OF THE IPSWICH 

HISTORICAL SOCIETY FOR THE YEAR 

ENDING NOV. 29, 1902. 



T. Frank Waters in account with Ipswich Hist. Society, 



Dr. 



To Balance from 1901, 

To door fees, sale of books and pictures, - 

To annual fees, gifts, etc., 

To receipt from Concert, Nov. 27th, - 

Cr. 
To House account, 

Care of grounds, 23 06 

Care of house, 26 96 

Fuel, ... 24 86 

Furniture account, 69 80 

Hardware, paint, etc., 2 years, .... 16 70 

Repairs, 24 10 

Water bill, - 18 89 

Interest on mortgage, 64 00 

Fire-extinguisher, 12 00 

Photographs, 18 18 

To Printing account 

Printing, 116 80 

Postage, stationery, etc., 23 67 

Miscellaneous, ...--.- 
Cash on hand, 



(48) 



#37 92 

162 11 

466 23 

20 30 

$686 66 



288 03 



139 87 

46 63 

213 63 

$686 66 



DONATIONS FOR THE YEAR ENDING 
DEC. 1, 1902. 



Datciel Fuller. Appleton* Life and Speeches of Rufus Choate tu 
8 vols. 

Miss GbokoiajHU Applet^n. Boston, Harvard College Plate made by 
Enoch Wood & Sons. 

ALBERT I>, BtfRNHAM. Iiidinn pestle. 

Mas. Walter Chapman. List of names. 

Benjamin EL Conant. Wenham Town Report, 1901. Catalogue of 
Wenham Public Library, 

Doitjleday, Page & Co*, Nl vv York, Miss Esther Singleton's M Fur- 
niture of our Fo re fn there, 11 Nos, 5 to 8. 

Mrs. Jo&aJ9 Duron and Miss S. Locisk Holwen. » Ancient deeds. 
1 >r Daniel Dana's sermon on death of Mr. Benjamin Moody, 1«02. 

Old Eliot, 

KoiiEitT Fahlet, China Ua~p6t, 

Rev. J. Edward Floweu, London, Eng. Photograph of Stocks on 
the Village Green, Stow -on -the- Wold, Gloaceste rehire, England^ 
Drawing of the Stocks and Whipping Post, Portskewett, near 
Ch£]tt ton, Honmontbs hire, England. Photograph of s *Ye Ancient 
Duel. -." Leominster Priory Church, England* 

IfW Eliza iieth W. Gaedner, Salem, Two hand woven towels An 
Oration delivered at Ipswich, April 2*J, 1783: "On account of 
liappy Restoration of Peace., *' by Rev, Levi Friable. 

Joshua B, Graxt, Edward Everett's address at the erection of 
a monument to John Harvard, Sept, 2ti, 1828, Mr, Eliot's sermon 
M the Ordination of Mr» Josrph McKean, and other pamphlets. 

• '.viitl A. Qncv, Secretary Massachusetts Historical Society. 
Pamphlet. Two Narratives of the Expedition against Quebec, A.D. 
mm, ttflder Sir William Pulps: one by Rev, John Wise of Ips* 
ten, the other by an unknown author. 

GEor tey* Two pamphlets- 

Miss S, Liil t isk Holme*. File of The New Tork Independent, Jan. 
It, i#U to Dec, 27, 1855. Five ConimiHslons of Henry S- Holmes, 
signed by Gov, Levi Lincoln, Loan, a white silk bridal bonnet. 

Ipswich Public Library. Duplicates of Ipswich Seminary Cata- 
logues. 

(«) 



50 DONATIONS TO THE IPSWICH HISTORICAL SOCIETY. 

Miss Bethiah Kinsman. Straw hat worn In West Indies, pocket 
books, etc., owned by her father, William Kinsman. 

Clarence Newman. Temperance pledge with list of names. Small 
trunk owned by William Oakes. Lock from old Ipswich JaiL 

Estate of Benjamin Newman. Collection of minerals. One old 
circular plane. A foot store. 

New Tom State Library. Calendar of Council Minutes, 1668-1785* 
Public papers of George Clinton, first Governor of New York. 
Vol. v. 

Miss Hannah M. Peatfteld. History of New England by ff«wwfr 
Adams, 1807. Biography of the principal American Military and 
Naval Heroes, 2 vols. 1821. 

Miss Margaret Peatfteld. Three old books. 

Records of the Court of Assistants of Massachusetts Bat, 
Vol. 1. 

Charles H. Bicker. An old-fashioned door lock. A tinder box 
A sand shaker. A roasting iron. 

Timothy B. Ross. Piece of metallic fringe, used in decorating a 
triumphal arch that spanned Choate Bridge, when Lafayette 
visited Ipswich, June, 1824, preserved by Asa Andrews, Esq. 

George A. Schofteld. Manual General Court, 1902. 

Col. Nath. Shatswell. Souvenir, First Regiment of Heavy Artil- 
lery, Mass. Vol., dedication of monument, May 19, 1901. 

Hon. Geo. 8heldon, Deerfleld. Vol. m. History and Proceedings 
of the Pocnmtack Valley Memorial Assoc. Pamphlets: "The 
Little Brown House on the Albany Road " ; * 'Flint-lock or Match- 
lock in King Philip's War"; "The Flint-lock used in Philip's 
War." 

Edward A. Smith, Salem. Ancient Tapestry, wrought by Priscilla 
Baker. 

£. N. Spinney, Shelburne Falls. Ancient papers, Howe and Proctor 
families. 

Robert C. Winthrop, Jr., Boston. Copies of papers in suit of 
Elizabeth, wife of Rev. Antlpas Newman, of Wenham, daughter 
of John Winthrop, Jr., to recover Salt House property, Royal 
side, Beverly, 1677. 

Proceedings of 8tate Historical Society of Wisconsin, 1902. 



RESIDENT MEMBERS. 



Dr. Charles E. Ames, 
Daniel Fuller Appleton, 
Mrs. Susan A. R. Appleton, 
Francis R. Appleton, 
Mrs. Frances L. Appleton, 
James W. Appleton, 
Randolph M Appleton, 
Mrs. Helen Appleton, 
Miss S. Isabel Arthur, 
Dr. G. Guy Bailey, 
Mrs. Grace F. Bailey, 
Mrs. Elizabeth H. Baker, 
Miss Katharine C. Baker, 
Charles W. Bamfoni, 
Miss Mary D Bates, 
John A. Blake, 
Mrs. Caroline E. Bomer, 
James W. Bond, 
Warren Boy n ton, 
Miss Annie Gertrude Brown, 
Charles W. Brown, 
Edward F. Brown, 
Mrs. Carrie R. Brown, 
Mrs. Elizabeth Brown, 
Mrs. Elizabeth M. Brown, 
Miss I sa belle G. Brown, 
James W. Brown, 
Mrs. Lavinia A. Brown, 
Miss Alice G. Burnham, 
Daniel S. Burnham, 
Ralph W. Burnham, 
Mr 8. Nellie Mae Burnham, 
Fred F. Byron, 
Miss Joanna Caldwell, 
Miss Lydia A. Caldwell, 
Miss Sarah P. Caldwell, 
Charles A. Campbell, 
Mrs. Lavinia Campbell, 
Edward W. Choate, 
Philip E. Clarke, 
Mrs. Mary E. Clarke, 
Miss Lucy C. Cohurn, 
John H. Cogswell, 
Theodore F. Cogswell, 
Arthur W. Conant, 
Miss Harriet D. Condon, 



Rev. Edward Constant, 
Miss Roxle C. Cowles, 
Charles S. Cummings, 
Rev. Temple Cutler, 
Arthur C. Damon, 
Mrs. Carrie Damon, 
Mrs. Cordelia Damon, 
Everett G. Damon, 
Harry K. Damon, 
Mrs. Abby Danforth, 
Mrs. Grace Davis, 
Mrs. Howard Dawson, 
George G. Dexter, 
Miss C. Bertha Dobson, 
Harry K. Dodge, 
Rev. .John M. Donovan, 
Mrs. Sarah B. Dudley, 
Mrs. Charles G. Dyer, 
George Fall, 
Miss Emeline C. Farley, 
Mrs. Emma Farley, 
Miss Lucy R. Farley, 
Miss Abbie M. Fellows, 
Benjamin Fewkes, 
James E. Gallagher, 
John S. Glover, 
Frank T. Goodhue, 
John W. Goodhue, 
John J. Gould, 
Miss Harriet F. Gove, 
James Graflum, 
Mrs. Eliza H. Green, 
Mrs. Lois Hardy, 
Mrs. Kate L. Haskell, 
George H. W. Hayes, 
Mrs Alice L. Heard, 
Miss Alice Heard, 
John Heard, 

Mrs. Louise S. Hodgklns, 
Miss S. Louise Holmes, 
Charles G. Hull, 
Miss Lucy S. Jewett, 
John A. Johnson, 
Miss Ellen M. Jordan, 
Albert Joyce, 
Charles M. Kelly, 

(61) 



52 



NON-RE8IDENT MEMBERS. 



Fred A. Kimball, 
Robert S. Kimball, 
Miss Bethiah D. Kinsman, 
Miss Mary E. Kinsman, 
Mrs. Snsan K. Kinsman, 
Dr. Frank W. Kyes, 
Mrs. Georgle C. Kyes, 
Curtis E. Lakemau, 
J. Howard Lake man, 

0. Frank Langdon, 
Mrs. G. F. Langdon, 
Austin L. Lord, 
George A. Lord, 
Miss Lncy Slade Lord, 
Thomas H. Lord, 
Mrs. Lncretia S. Lord, 
Walter E. Lord, 

Dr. George E. Mac Arthur, 
Mrs. Isabel le G. Mac Arthur, 
James F. Mann, 
John P. Mars ton, 
Everard H. Martin, 
Mrs. Marietta K. Martin, 
Miss Abby L. Newman, 
Mrs. Amanda Nichols, 
William J. Norwood, 
Mrs. Elizabeth B. Norwood, 
John W. Nourse, 
Charles H. Noyes, 
Mrs. Harriet E. Noyes, 
Rev. Reginald Pearce, 

1. E B. Perkins, 
Miss Carrie S Perley, 
Augustine H. Plonff, 
James H. Proctor, 
James 8. Robinson, Jr. 
Mrs. Anna C. C. Robinson, 
Rev. William H. Rogers, 
Miss Anna W. Ross, 
Fred. G. Ross, 



Mrs. Mary F. Ross, 

Joseph Ross, 

Mrs. Joan Ross, 

Joseph F. Ross, 

Mrs. Helene Ross, 

Dr. William H. Russell, 

William 8. Rnssell, 

William W. Russell, 

Daniel S afford, 

Emma Saffbrd, 

Angus Savory, 

Charles A. Say ward, 

Mrs. Henrietta W. Say ward 

George A. Schofleld, 

Amos E. Scotton, 

Dexter M. Smith, 

Mrs. Olive P. Smith, 

Mrs. Elizabeth K. Spaulding, 

George W. Star key, 

Dr. Frank H. Stockwell, 

Mrs. Sadie B. Stockwell, 

Edward M. Sullivan, 

John J. Sullivan, 

Mrs. Elizabeth M. Sullivan, 

Arthur L. Sweetser, 

John E. Tenney, 

Mrs. Annie T. Tenney, 

Samuel H. Thurston, 

Miss Ellen R. Trask, 

Francis H. Wade, 

Miss Nellie F. Wade, 

Miss Emma E. Wait, 

Luther Wait, 

Rev. T. Frank Waters, 

Mrs. Adeline M. Waters, 

Miss Susan C. Whipple, 

FredG. Whittier, 

Mrs Marianna Whittier, 

Miss Eva Adams Willcomb, 

Chester P. Woodbury, 



NON-RESIDENT MEMBERS. 

Frederick J. Alley Hamilton, Mass. 

Mrs. Mary G. Alley 

Henry Brown* Melrose, Mass. 

John B. Brown* Chicago, 111. 

Mrs. Lucy T. Brown* * 4 

Frank T. Burnham So. Framingham, Mass. 

Rev. Augustine Caldwell Eliot, Me. 

Eben Caldwell Elizabeth, N. J. 

Miss Florence F. Caldwell Philadelphia, Pa. 

Rufus Choate Essex, Mass. 

E. Harry Clegg Gloucester, Mass. 

Dr. Richard H. Derby New York, N. Y. 



•Hummer home In Ipswich. 



HONORARY MEMBERS. 53 

Joseph P. Dodge Lynn, Mass. 

Mrs. Edith S. Dole Newbury, Mass. 

Arthur W. Dow* Brooklyn, N. Y. 

Joseph K. Farley Lihue, Kauai, Hawaiian Islands, 

Sylvanus C. Farley Alton, III. 

Dr. E. S. Goodhue . . Walluku, Maui, Hawaiian Islands. 

Samuel V. Goodhue Salem, Mass. 

Miss Mary A. Hodgdon Forest Grove, Ore. 

Key. Horace C. Hovey Newburyport, Mass. 

Miss Ruth A. Hovey Lake Mohonk, N. Y. 

Gerald L. Hoyt* New York. N. Y. 

Mrs. May Hoyt* " " 

Miss Julia Hoyt* « «« 

Lydig Hoyt* " " 

Edward Kavanagh Essex, Mass. 

Arthur S. Kimball Oberlin, O. 

Rev. John C. Kimball Sharon, Mass. 

Rev. Frederic J Kinsman .... Middlebury, Conn. 

Mrs. Caroline E. Le Baron Chardon, 0. 

Mrs. Mary B. Main Mlddletown, Conn. 

Miss Heloise Meyer Hamilton, Mass. 

Mrs. Anna Osgood* Orange, N. J. 

Rev. Robert B. Parker* Providence, R. I. 

Moritz B. Philipp* New York, N. Y. 

Benjamin W. Pierson " •• 

Fred. H. Plouff, Boston, Mass. 

A. Davidson Remlck " " 

James E. Richardson Salem, Mass. 

Mrs. Lucy C. Roberts Cambridge, Mass. 

Mrs. E. M. H. Slade New York, N. Y. 

Edward A. Smith Salem, Mass. 

Miss Elizabeth P. Smith " *< 

Mrs. Harriette A. Smith* New York, N. Y. 

Henry P. Smith Salem, Mass. 

Rev. R. Cotton Smith* Washington, D. C. 

Mrs. Alice L. Story Essex, Mass. 

Rev. William H. Thayer* Southboro, Mass. 

Bayard Tuckerman* New York, N. Y. 

Charles S. Tuckerman* Boston, Mass. 

Charles H. Tweed New York, N, Y. 

Miss Laura B. Underhill* " •• 

Miss Martha E. Wade Somervllle, Mass. 

Miss Annie L. Warner Swampscott, Mass. 

Mrs. Caroline L. Warner •* •• 

Henry C. Warner " •• 

Wallace P. Willett East Orange, N. J. 

Mrs. Elizabeth Willett " 

Robert D. Winthrop New York, N. Y. 

Chalmers Wood* •• •• ** 



HONORARY 

John Albree. Jr Swampscott, Mass. 

William Sumner Appleton Boston, Mass. 

Miss Lucy Hammatt Brown " " 

Mrs. Edward Cordis Jamaica Plain, Mass. 

* Summer home In Ipswich.