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'^nhlk §acmmnU d SP^assacl^usjetts : 



BXINO THS 



ANNUAL REPORTS 



or YARIOUB 



PUBLIC Officers and Institutions 



rOR THE TSAB 



1896. 



PUBLISHED BY THE SECRETARY OF THE COMMONWEALTH. 



Vol. V. 



BOSTON : 
WRIGHT Ss POTTER PRINTING CO.. STATE PRINTERS, 

18 Post Office Square. « 
1897. 



•NIVER^Tt ♦ CHICAGO 
LIBIUHivS 

mo 



PUBLIC DOCUMENTS 



For the Year 1896. 



YOL. I. 

Report of Secretary of the Commonwealth, . 
Report of Treasurer and Receiver-General, . 
Report of Auditor of Accounts, . 
Report of Attorney-General, 
Report of Commissioner of Public Records, 



Doc No. 

46 

5 

6 

12 

52 



Vol. IL 



Report of Tax Commissioner, 

Aggregates of Polls, Property and Taxes, . 
Abstract of Returns of Corporations, . . . . 
Report of Controller of County Accounts, . 
Report of State Board of Arbitration and Conciliation, 
Number of Assessed Polls, Registered Voters, etc., 



16 
19 
10 
29 
40 
48 



Vol. hi. 

Report of State Board of Lunacy and Charity, . 
Report of Trustees of the Lyman and Industrial Schools, 
Report of Trustees of the Danvers Lunatic Hospital, . 
Report of Trustees of the Northampton Lunatic Hospital, 
Report of Trustees of the Taunton Lunatic Hospital, . 
Report of Trustees of the Worcester Lunatic Hospital, 



17 
18 
20 
21 
22 
23 



■ 



t 



6 

Doe. No. 

Report of Trustees of the State Farm at Bridgewater, • • 24 

Report of Trustees of the State Almshouse at Tewksbnry, • 26 

Report of Trustees of the Perkins Institution and Massachn- ' 

setts School for the Blind, 27 

Report of Trustees of the Massachusetts School for the 

Feeble-minded, ., 28 

Report of Trustees of the Westborough Insane Hospital, . 30 
Report of Trustees of the Massachusetts Hospital for Dipso- 
maniacs and Inebriates, 47 

Report of Trustees of the Medfield Insane Asylum, . . 59 



Vol. IV. 

Report of State Board of Health, 34 

Report of Board of Registration in Medicine, ... .56 



Vol. V. 

Report of Railroad Commissioners and Returns of Railroad 
Corporations, 14 



Vol. VI. 

Report of Commissioners of Savings Banks (Part I. — Sav- 
ings Banks, Institutions for Savings, Safe Deposit, Loan 
and Trust Companies. Part II. — Co-operative Banks, 
Collateral Loan Companies, Mortgage Loan and Invest- 
ment Companies), 8 



YoL. vn. 



Report of Insurance Commissioner (Part I. — Fire and 
Marine. Part II. — Life, Casualty and Assessment) , 



Vol. VIII. 

Doc Ko. 

Report of Board of £dacatioo, 2 

Report of Librarian of State Library, 3 

Report of Free Pablic Library CommissioD, ... 44 



Vol. IX. 

Report of Secretary of the Board of Agriculture, . . 4 

Report of Board of Control of the Hatch Experiment Sta^ 

tion, 33 

Report of the Massachusetts Agricultural College, . . 31 
Report of Board of Cattle Commissioners, . . . .51 



Vol. X. 



Report of Chief of the District Police, 
Report of Commissioners of Prisons, . 
Report of General Superintendent of Prisons, 
Report of Board of Police for City of Boston, 
Report of Board of Police for City of Fall River, 
Report of Adjutant General, 



Vol. XL 



32 
13 
41 
49 
58 
7 



Report of Registration of Births, Marriages and Deaths, 
with Statistics of Divorce, and of Deaths investigated by 

the Medical Examiner, 1 

Report of Bureau of Statistics of Labor, .... 15 

Statistics of Manufactures, 36 

Report of Board of Gas and Electric Light Commissioners, . 35 

Report of Inspector of Gas Meters and Illuminating Gas, . 55 



8 



Report of 
Report of 
Report of 
Report of 
Report of 
Report of 
Report of 
Report of 
Report of 
Report of 
Report of 



Vol, XIL 

Doc. No. 

Contested Elections (no report in 1896), . . 87 

Commissioners on Inland Fisheries and Game, . 25 

Board of Harbor and Land Commissioners, . . 11 

Board of Metropolitan Park Commissioners, . 48 

Massachasetts Board of Registration in Dentistry, 38 

Massachusetts Board of Registration in Pharmacy, 39 

Commissioners on Topographical Survey, . . 50 

Civil Service Commissioners, .... 53 

Massachusetts Highway Commission, ... 54 

Metropolitan Water Board, 57 

Board of Metropolitan Sewerage Commissioners, . 45 



PUBLIC DOCUMENT .... .... No. 14. 



ComnumboMI^ d Passac^nsetto. 



TWENTY-EIGHTH ANNUAL REPORT 



or THB 



Board of Railroad Commissioners. 



January, 1897. 



BOSTON : 
WRIGHT Ss POTTER PRINTING CO., STATE PRINTERS. 

18 Post Office Square. 
1897, 



€axttman\ximlt}i of PlaBsacj^tts^tts* 



RAILROAD COMMISSIONERS. 

JOHN E. SANFORD, Taunton, Chairman, . Term expires July 1, 1897. 

WILLIAM J. DALE, Jr., North Andover, . (Died November 6, 1896.) 

GEORGE W. BISHOP, Newtonville, . . Term expires July 1, 1898. 

HERSEY B. GOODWIN, Cambridge, . . Term expires July 1, 1899. 



WnxiAH A. Cbafts, Boston, Clerk, 
Fred E. Jones, Brookline, Accountant. 
George F. Swaix, Boston, Bridge Engineer, 
William J. MoCullough, Chelsea, Assistant Clerk. 



Railroad Inspectors. 

Daniel M. Wheeler, Worcester, . Term expires October 1, 1897. 
Grafton Upton, Boston, . . . Term expires October 1, 1899. 
Charles E. Paige, Lowell, . • . Term expires October 1, 1898. 



Office, No. 20 Beacon Street, Boston. 



CONTENTS. 



FAOB 

Index to Report and Appendix, ••.•••• vii 

REPORT. 
Railroad Corporations: 

Massachusetts Railroad Corporations, ..••«. 3 

Railroad Mileage, ......••.• 4 

Cost and Capital Investment per Mile, ...... 6 

Operations of the Year, . . • • 7 

Railroad Construction and Development, . • • . . 9 

Rates of Interest and Transportation, .10 

Transportation of Bicycles, ...••.•• 11 

Ventilation of Passenger Cars, 17 

General Summary of Railroad Accidents, 27 

Railroad Bridges, SS 

Grade Crossings in Massachusetts, ...... 36 

Union Station on the South Side of Boston, 41 

Private Ways at Grade, 48 

Summai*y Statement of Financial Condition and Business Opera- 
tions, 50 

Assets and Liabilities, 50 

Income and Expenditures, 52 

Capital Stock and Dividends, 58 

Funded and Floating Debt, 55 

Volume of Traffic, 57 

Density of Traffic, 59 

Earnings and Expenses of Operation, 61 

Earnings and Expenses per Mile of Road Operated, ... 62 

Earnings and Expenses per Train Mile, 63 

Fares and Freights, 66 

Cost of Repairs, Wages and Fuel, 70 

Rolling Stock, 70 

Number of Employees, 71 

Receipts of Flour and Grain in Boston, 72 

* 

Street Railway Companies : 

Massachusetts Street Railway Companies, 81 

Railway Construction and Mileage, ...... 82 

Cost and Capital Investment per Mile, 84 

Assets and Liabilities, . 86 

Income and Expenditures, • .87 

Capital Stock and Dividends, 88 

Funded and Floating Debt, 92 

Volume of Traffic 94 



vi CONTENTS. 

Street Railway Companies >- Concluded. ,aob 

Density of Traffic, 95 

Earnings and Expenses of Operation, 96 

Employees and Equipment, 98 

Street Railway Accidents, 99 

Review of the Year, 102 

Ratio of Operating Expense, 106 

Mu]tipli9ation of Companies^ , 106 

The Boston Subway, 107 

Grade Crossings with Railroads, 114 

The Broad Cove Collision, 114 

Street Railway Inspection, • 120 

Death of Commissioner Dale, 121 

m 

APPENDIX. 

A. — Special Reports on Railroad Matters: 

Railroad Accidents, ' 125 

Railroad Passenger Fares, 129 

Railroad Train Service, 131 

B. — Special Reports on Street Railway Matters : 

Revision of Fares, 1S6 

Street Railway Car Service, 188 

Grade Crossings of Railroads by Street Railways, . . 139 

C. — Orders relating to Railroads : 

Railroad Consolidations, 147 

Issues of Stock and Bonds, 149 

Railroad Crossings, 163 

Height of Bridges over Railroads, 177 

Heating of Passenger Cars, 180 

Sunday Trains and Steamboats, 181 

Railroad Inspectors, . . ' 184 

Miscellaneous Railroad Matters, 185 

D. — Tabulated Statements of Railroad Accidents, .... 189 

E. — Orders relating to Street Railways : 

The Boston Subway, 195 

Consolidations and Leases, 206 

Issues of Stock and Bonds, 220 

Pleasure Resorts, 284 

Joint Use of Tracks, 287 

Locations and Use of Electric Power, 289 

Organization of New Companies, etc., 290 

F. — Miscellaneous Orders, 291 

G. — Expenses of Office, 294 

Tabulated and Compakattve Statements compiled from Re- 
turns OF Railroad Corporations, 296 

Contents of Tables, 297 

Tabulated and Comparative Statements compiled from Re- 

PORTS OF Street Railway Companies, 345 

Contents of Tables, 346 



INDEX. 



Abolition of grade crossings (see Grade Crossings). 
Accidents, on railroads, special reports on, 125. 

tabulation of, for the last year, 189-192. 

for the last ten years, 198, 194. 
general summary of, for the last year, 27. 
number of personal injuries resulting from, 27, 190, 198. 
to passengers, 28, 190, 193. 

ratio of, to total number carried, 28. 
to employees, 29, 191, 193. 
at grade crossings, 30, 192, 194. 

ratio of, to number of crossings, 81. 
at stations, 192, 194. 
to trespassers, 30, 192, 194. 
train, number of, the last year, 27, 189. 

on the New York, New Haven A Hartford, at Park Sqaare 
station, Boston, 125. 
on street railways, 99, 114, 394. 

tabulation of, for the last year, 99, 894. 
comparison of, in 1895 and 1896, 99, 894. 
ratio of, to passengers, etc., in 1888, 1895 and 1896, 101. 
Broad Coye crossing collision, in Somerset, 114. 
Alteration of railroad crossings with highways, 168. 
Amount of business (see Volume of Traffic). 
Annual returns, railroad, tabulated statements from, 800-831. 

contents of tables, 297. 
comparative statements from, 334-338. 
comparison of, for years 1895 and 1896, 340. 
summary of, for years 1890-96, 342. 
reports, street railway, tabulated statements from, 350-896. 

contents of tables, 346. 
comparative statements from, 897-405. 
Assets of railroad corporations, 50, 312-343. 
of street railway companies, 86, 350. 
Athol & Orange Street Railway, issue of capital stock, 273. 

Bicycles, transportation of, on railroads, 11-17. 

new tariff for, 17, 187. 
Blackstone Valley Street Railway, issue of capital stock, 225. 

of mortgage bonds, 229. 
grade crossing of Providence & Worcester Railroad by, 143. 



viu INDEX. 

Board of Railroad Commissionera, organization of, ill. 
Bonds, railroad, amount of, 55, 812-331, 340-343. 

approval of issues of, 56, 149-162. 
street railway, amount of, 92, 354. 

approval of issues of, 93, 220^283 
rates of interest on, 10, 103. 
Boston, receipts of flour and grain in, for last ten years, 72-76. 

number of railroad passengers to and from, 58, 314-322, 348. 
subway, approval of contract relating to, 107, 195. 
union station on south side of, 41. 
Boston A Albany Railroad, changes of grade of, 164, 166. 
alteration of highway crossings of, 168. 
cost of abolishing grade crossings on, 167. 
height of highway bridges over, 177, 178. 
interlocking signals on, at crossing of New England, 175. 
suburban fares on, to and from Wellesley, special report on, 129. 
Sunday trains on, 182. 
Boston Ice Ck)mpany, railroad track for private use of, in Sharon, 173. 
Boston & Lowell Railroad, issue of capital stock, 149. 

of bonds, 151. 
Boston & Maine Railroad, changes of grade of, 163, 165. 
cost of abolishing grade crossings on, 167. 
grade crossing of, by Willow Street, in Hamilton, 171. 

by Wakefield and Stoneham Street Railway, in 
Reading, 142. 
interlocking signals on, at crossing of Fitchburg, 175, 176. 
lease of Concord & Montreal, etc., to, 3, 6. 
relocation of passenger station on, in Topsfield, 186. 
whistling prohibited on, in Reading, 176. 
Sunday trains on, 182, 184. 
Boston & Providence Railroad, cost of abolishing grade crossings on, 40. 

height of temporary bridges over, in Boston, 177. 
Boston, Revere Beach & Lynn Railroad, height of highway bridges over, in 

Revere, 179. 
Boston Terminal Company, issues of bonds by, 155, 161. 
Braintree Street Railway, terms of consolidation of, with Quincy & Boston, 

207. 
Braintree & Weymouth Street Railway, sale of shares of stock of, at auction, 

231. 
Branches of railroads, description of, 4, 300-311, 340. 
Bridges, railroad, report of bridge engineer on, 32-36. 

number and description of, on the several railroads, 32, 33. 
work done on, by the several railroads, during 1896, 34-36. 
cost of repair of (see Repairs). 
highway, over railroads, height of, 177. 
Bridge water & East Bridge water Street Railway, corporate powers lapsed, 

81. 
Brockton, workingmen^s trains to and from, special report on, 132. 
Brockton Street Railway, issue of capital stock, 251. 



INDEX. ix 

Brockton & Bridgewater Street Railway, corporate powers lapsed, 81. 
Brockton & East Bridgewater Street Railway, corporate powers lapsed, 81. 
Business, amount of (see Volume of Traffic), 

Canton Junction and Boston, train service between, special report on, 184. 
Cape Ann Granite Railroad, mileage of, 4. 

grade crossing of, by Rockport Street Railway, 145. 
Cape Cod Ship Canal Company, dismissal of petition of, 293. 
Capital investment, railroads, per mile of road and main track, 6. 

street railways, per mile of main track, 84, 104, 397. 
stock, railroads, amount and increase of, 53, 812-843. 

per mile of road, 384. 
held in Massachusetts, 315-828, 341, 848. 
approval of issues of, 58, 149-160. 
street railways, amount and increase of, 88, 854. 

per mile of main track, 897. 
approval of issues of, 90, 220-288. 
Cars, number owned (see Equipment), 

cost of repair of (see Repairs), 
Chester & Becket Railroad, certificate of exigency for, 186. 
Clinton Street Railway, name of, changed to Leominster & Clinton, 81, 290. 
Collisions (see Accidents), 
Commonwealth Avenue Street Railway, issue of capital stock, 220. 

of mortgage bonds, 221. 
joint use of tracks of and by, 287, 288. 
Comparative statements of condition and operations of railroads, 884-888. 

from reports of street railway companies, 897-405. 
Comparison of railroad returns for the years 1895 and 1896, 840. 
Concord & Montreal Railroad, leased to Boston & Maine, 8, 6. 
Connecticut River Railroad, change of grade of, in Hatfield, 165. 

cost of abolishing grade crossing on, 167. 
Consolidations of railroad corporations, 147. 

of street railway companies, 81, 106, 206. 
Construction, railroad, new, 4, 9. 

street railway, new, during the last year, 82, 102. 

since 1860, 84. 
electric, increase of, 84, 102. 
cost of, railroad, 50, 812-848. 

per mile of road and main track, 6, 884. 
street railway, 84, 850. 

per mile of main track, 85, 897. 
Com, receipts of, in Boston, for last ten years, 75. 
Cost of construction (see Construction) . 
of equipment (see Equipment), 
of abolishing grade crossings (see Or ode Crossings), 
of operation (see Operation), 
of repairs (see Repairs), 

per mile of road and main track, railroads, 6, 834. 
of main track, street railways, 85, 897. 



X INDEX. 

Coupling and unconpliDg cars, aocidents in, 29, 191, 194. 
Crossings (see Grade Crossings). 

alteration of railroad, witli highwajs, 168. 

Dale, William J., Jr., Commissioner, death of, 121. 
Debt, gross, funded, floating and net, of railroads, 55, 56, 312*843. 

of street railways, 92-94, 354. 
net, per mile of railroad owned, 334. 

of street railway owned, 897, 
Deficit of railroads, 312-348. 

of street railways, 382. 
Density of traffic, railroad, 59. 

street railway, 95, 391. 
Description of railroads and branches, 4, 300-311, 340, 342. 

of street railways, 88, 385. 
Development, railroad, in Massachusetts, 9. 
Dighton, Somerset & Swansea Street Railway, issue of capital stock, 277, 

collision on, at Broad Cove crossing, in Somerset, 114. 
Dividends, railroad, 54, 312-343. 

percentage of, to capital stock, 54, 312-343. 
street railway, 91, 104, 376. 

percentage of, to capital stock, 91, 876. 

Earnings (see Operation). 
East Boston, night car service to and from, 188. 
Electric cars, number of, equipped with fenders, 388. 
motive power, cost of, 370. 

increase in use of, 83, 84. 
alterations in streets for, consent to, 289. 
railway system, growth and development of, 83, 84, 102. 

comparative net earning capacity of, 104. 
ratio of operating expense of, 105. 
railways, accidents on, 100, 114. 

mileage of (see Mileage). 

grade crossings of railroads by, 114-120. 

consent of the Board to, 139-146. 
locations for, approval of, by the Board, 289. 
Employees, number of, on railroads, 71. 314-348. 

on street railways, 98, 891. 
injuries to (see AccidetUs), 
Equipment, railroad, number of locomotives, 70, 814-343. 

of cars, 70, 314-343. 
cost of, 312-343. 

per mile of road and main track, 6, 334. 
street railway, number of cars and other vehicles, 98, 388. 

of horses, 98, 102, 388. 
of electric motors, 98, 388. 
cost of, 350. 

per mile of main track, 85, 397. 



INDEX. xi 

Exbibit for the year, railroads, 318-331, 341, 342. 

street railways, 379-384. 
Expenditures, total, of railroads, 52, 312-343. 

of street railways, 87, 364-378. 
Expenses of operation (see Operation), 
of repairs {see Repairs). 
of office of Railroad Commission, 294. 
Express service on railroads, revenue from, 312-321, 340. 

Fairhaven and New Bedford Ferry, time for the opening of, 185. 
Fall River, Sunday steamboats to and from, 182. 
Fall River Railroad, consolidation of, with the Old Colony, 147. 
Fares and freights, railroad, 10, 66-69, 314-323, 343. 

reduction in rates of, 10, 66-69. 
passenger, average, on all Massachusetts roads, 1871-96, 66. 

on five Massachusetts roads, 1870-96, 66. 
on four Massachusetts roads, 1865-96, 67. 
to and from Wellesley, special report on, 129. 
dn Fitchburg & Leominster Street Railway, special re- 
port on, 136. 
freight rates, average, on all Massachusetts roads, 1871-96, 68. 

on five Massachusetts roads, 1870-96, 68. 
on four Massachusetts roads, 1865-96, 69. 
Fenders, number of electric cars equipped with, 388. 
Fitchburg Railroad, issue of bonds by, 154. 

grade crossing of, by Newton Street Railway, 141. 
height 6t highway bridge over, in Somerville, 178. 
interlocking signals on, at crossing of Boston & Maine, 175, 176. 
Fitchburg & Leominster Street Railway, special report on fares on, 186. 

acquisition and maintenance of pleasure resort by, 285. 
Floating debt (see Debt). 

Flour, receipts of, in Boston, for last ten years, 73. 
Freight cars {see Cars), 

rates {see Fares and Freights). 
revenue from (see Operation) . 
traffic (see Volume of Traffic). 
density of, 69. 
Fuel, cost of, per total train mile, 70, 337. 
Funded debt (see Bonds and Debt). 

Gardner Electric Street Railway, issue of capital stock, 253. 

of mortgage bonds, 253. 
Gloucester Street Railway, lease of Gloucester & Rockport to, 81, 208. 
Gloucester, Essex & Beverly Street Railway, issue of mortgage bonds, 266. 
Gloucester & Rockport Street Railway, lease of, to the Gloucester, 81, 208. 

acquisition and maintenance of pleasure resort by, 284. 
Grade crossings of railroads with railroads, number of, 36. 

protected by interlocking signals, 86. 
of railroads with highways, number of, 87, 315-823, 341. 
protected and unprotected, 80, 37, 841. 



xii INDEX. 

Grade crossings, abolition of, proceedings for, 87-41, 168. 

progress in, 87, 88. 
cost of, 87-il, 167. 

incnrred by the Commonwealth in, 89. 
provision for, 40, 41. 
change of railroad grades in, consent to, 168. 
accidents at (see Aceidents). 
alteration of, 168. 

construction of, new, aathorized or refused, 170^178. 
whistling at, prohibited, 176. 
of railroads by priyate ways, abolition of, 48, 49. 
of railroads by street railways, 114. 

dangers at, and remedies, 114-120. 
consent to, given or refused, 139-146. 
of highways by railroad tracks for private use, 178. 
Grain, receipts of, in Boston, for last ten years, 72-76. 
Greenfield & Xumer^s Falls Street Railway, issues of capital stock, 286,242. 

issue of mortgage bonds, 248. 

consolidation of the Montague with, 81, 206. 

» 

Hamilton Manufacturing Co., railroad track for private use of, in Lowell, 

178, 174. 
Hanover Street Railway, issue of capital stock, 246. 

joint use of tracks by, 287. 
Haverhill, Georgetown & Danvers Street Railway, issue of capital stock, 288. 

joint use of tracks by, 288. 
Heating of passenger cars, 180. 
Highways (see Bridges and Crossings), 
Hingham Street Railway, issue of capital stock, 271. 

of mortgage bonds, 272. 

sale of shares of stock of, at auction, 224. 
Holyoke Street Railway, issue of capital stock, 280. 
Horses (see Equipment), 

cost of renewal, etc., of, 367, 370. 

decrease in number of, on street railways, 102. 

Income, railroads, total, 52, 312-348. 

net divisible, 54, 312-848. 
from operation (see Operation), 
comparative, from passenger and freight service, 60. 
street railways, total, 87, 361. 

net divisible, 91, 104, 879. 
from operation (see Operation), 
Injuries to persons (see Accidents), 

and property on street railways, damages for, 870. 
Inspection, street railway, recommended, 120. 
Inspectors, railroad, appointment and districts of, 184, 185. 

extension of duties of, to street railways, 120. 



INDEX. xiii 

Interest on funded and other debts, railroads, 312-348, 

street railways, 873. 
rates of, on railroad and street railway bonds, 10, 103. 
Interlocking signals, at crossings of railroads with railroads, 36. 

of railroads with street railways, 119. 
approval of, at railroad crossings, 175. 
Interstate Consolidated Street Railway, issue of capital stock, 267. 
Inyestments (see Permanent Investments) . 
Issues of railroad stock and bonds, 53, 56, 149-162. 

of street railway stock and bonds, 89, 93, 220-283. 

Joint use of street railway tracks, 287. 

Leases, approval of terms of, street railway, 206-219. 
Leominster & Clinton Street Railway, issue of capital stock, 259. 

of mortgage bonds, 274. 
name of, changed from Clinton, 81, 290. 
acquisition and maintenance of pleasure resort by, 285. 
grade crossing of New York, New Haven & Hartford Railroad by, 139. 
Liabilities of railroad corporations, 50, 312-343. 
of street railway companies, 86, 354. 
Locations {see Street Railways), 
Locomotives, number owned (see Equipment), 

cost of repair of (see Repairs), 
Lowell & Andover Railroad, grade crossing of, by Lowell & Suburban Street 

Railway, 140. 
Lowell, Lawrence & Haverhill Street Railway, joint use of tracks of, 288. 
Lowell & Suburban Street Railway, issue of capital stock, 262. 

grade crossing of Lowell & Andover Railroad by, 140. 
Lynn & Boston [Street] Railroad, issues of capital stock, 282, 233, 246, 247. 

Mails, revenue from, on railroads, 312-321, 340. 

on sti'eet railways, 361. 
Martha^s Vineyard Railroad, notice regarding condition of, 185, 
Massachusetts Maritime Canal Company, issue of capital stock and bonds, 

29L 
Mileage, railroad, owned and operated, 4-6, 300-323, 340-342. 

in and out of the State, 6. 
street railway, owned and operated, 83, 84, 385. 

operated by horse power, 83, 84, 385. 
by electric power, 83, 84, 385. 
passenger, freight, train, and car (see Volume of Traffic), 
Montague Street Railway, issue of capital stock, 236. 

consolidation of, with the Greenfield and Turner^s Falls, 81, 206. 
Mortgages, real estate, railroad, 51, 56, 312-343. 

street railway, 86, 93, 354. 
Motors, electric, number of, 98, 388. 
Mystic Valley Street Railway, issue of capital stock, 240. 



xir INDEX. 



Narrow-gauge railroad, cost of, per mile, 6. | 

Nashua, Acton & Boston Railroad, sub-leased to Boston & Maine, 8. j 

Net debt {see Debt). \ 

Net income (see Income) . ' 

New Bedford and Fairhaven Ferry, time fixed for the opening of, 185. 
New England Railroad, succeeds to New York & New England, 3. 

alteration of highway crossing on, in Blackstone, 168. 

interlocking signals on, at crossing of Boston A Albany, 175. 

whistling prohibited on, in Southbridge, 176. 

Sunday trains on, 182, 183. 
Newton Street Railway, issues of capital stock, 281, 282. 

grade crossing of Fitohbnrg Railroad by, 141. 
Newton & Boston Street Railway, issue of capital stock, 226. 

of mortgage bonds, 227* 

joint use of tracks of and by, 287, 288. 
New York & Boston Inland Railroad, dropped from list of companies, 8. 
New York & New England Railroad, succeeded by the New England, 3. 
New York, New Haven & Hartford Railroad, collision on, with electric car, 
at Broad Cove crossing, in Somerset, 114. 

train accident on, at Park Square station, in Boston, 125. 

approval of warning-boards at protected crossings on, 188. 

change of grade of, in Southborough, 163. 

cost of abolishing grade crossing on, 167. 

crossing of highway at grade by, in Hull, 170. 

train service on, between Canton Junction, Sharon and Boston, 134. 

grade crossing of, by lureominster & Clinton Street Railway, 139. 

by West End Street Railway, 145. 

heating of passenger cars on mixed trains on, 180. 

midday trains on, between Northampton and Shelbume Falls, 131. 

workingmen^s trains on, to and from Brockton, 132. 

Sunday trains on, 181. 
Norfolk Suburban Street Railway, issue of capital stock, 228. 

sale of shares of, at auction, 248. 
Number of railroad corporations, 3. 
of operating corporations, 3. 
of street railway companies, 81, 106. 

in 1860, etc., to 1896, 84. 
of operating companies, 82, 106. 

Oats, receipts of, in Boston, for last ten years, 76. 

Old Colony Railroad, issues of capital stock, 152, 156, 157, 158, 159. 

of bonds, 150, 151, 153, 159, 160. ! 

consolidation of the Fall River Railroad with, 147. ' 

New Bedford and Fairhaven Ferry, when to be opened by, 185. 
widening of Centre Street across, at grade, in Boston, 172. 
Sunday trains on, 181. 
Operating expenses (see Operation). 

railroad and street railway companies (see Number qf^ etc,) 



INDEX. XV 

Operation, railroad, earnings and expenses of, 8, 61-65, 312-823, 340-343. 

per mile of road operated, 62, 336. 
per passenger-train mile, 64. 
per freight-train mile, 65. 
per total revenue-train mile, 63, 336. 
per total train mile, 65. 
ratio of expenses to gross earnings, 62, 335. 
comparative passenger and freight earnings, 60. 
street railway, earnings and expenses of, 96-98,361, 373, 379. 

per mile of main track, 97, 400-405. 
per round trip run, 97, 400-405. 
per car mile run, 97, 400-405. 
per passenger carried, 97, 400-405. 
ratio of expenses to gross earnings, 96, 373. 
increase in, the last year, 105. 
Operations of the last year, railroad, 7, 50-71. 
Orders of the Board, relating to railroads, 147-188. 

to street railways, 195-289. 
miscellaneous, 291. 

Panic of 1893, railroad recovery from, 8, 103. 

growth of street railway traffic since, 103. 
Parks for recreation, maintenance of, by street railways, 284. 
Passenger cars {see Cars). 

heating of, 180. 

ventilation of, special report on, 17. 
fares (see Fares and Freights), 

special reports on, 129, 136. 
revenue (see Operation), 
traffic (see Volume of Traffic), 
density of, 59, 95. 
Passengers, number of (see Volume of Traffic), 

injuries to (see Accidents), 
People^s Street Railway, issue of capital stock, 269. 

of mortgage bonds, 270. 
Permanent investments, railroad, 312-343. 

per mile of road owned, 6, 334. 
street railway, 350. 

l)er mile of railway owned, 84, 397. 
Pittsfield Electric Street Railway, issue of capital stock, 235. 

of mortgage bonds, 237. 
Pittsfield & Korth Adams Railroad, Sunday trains on, 182. 

laying out Murray Street across, at grade, in Adams, 170. 
Pleasure resorts, acquisition of, by street railway companies, 284. 
Private use, railroad tracks for, 173. 

ways across railroads, abolition of, 48. 
Property accounts, additions and deductions, railroad, 314-322. 

street railway, 358. 



xvi INDEX. 

Proyidence & Worcester Railroad, grade crossing of, by Blackstone Yalley 
Street Railway, 143. 
change of grade of, in Sutton and Millbary, 166. 
cost of abolishing grade crossings on, 167. 
alteration of highway crossing with, in Blackstone, 168. 

Quincy & Boston Street Railway, issues of capital stock, 240, 276. 

terms of consolidation of the Braintree with, 207. 
Quincy Quarry Railroad, crossing of Quarry Street at grade by, in 
Quincy, 171. 

Railroad bridges (see Bridges), 

Commissioners, names and terms of office of, iii. 

expenses of office of, 294. 
consolidations, 147. 
construction (see ConslrucOon) . 
corporations, number of, 3. 

of operating, 3. 
annual returns of, tables compiled from, 300-848. 

contents of, 297. 
financial condition and business operations of, 50-71* 
development in Massachusetts, 9. 
fares, special report on, 129. 
grade crossings (see Orade Crossings), 
inspectors, appointment and districts of, 184, 185. 

names and terms of office of, iii. 
leases, 3. 

mileage (see Mileage), 
traffic (see Volume of Traffic), 
train service, special reports on, 131-135. 
Railroads owned and operated, description of, 4, 5, 300-311, 340-843. 
cost of, and capital investment, per mile, 6, 334. 
orders of the Board, relating to, 147-188. 

(See the several Headings in this Index,) 
Rails, cost of renewal of (see Repairs), 
Railways (see Street Railways), 
Ramapo split switch, approval of, 188. 
Rates (see Fares and Freights). 

of interest and transportation, 10, 103. 
Ratio of operating expense, street railways, 105. 
Receipts of flour and grain in Boston, 72-76. 
Rentals received and paid for lease of railroads, 52, 312-343. 

of street railways, 87, 88, 361, 876. 
Repairs, railroad, cost of, of roadbed, bridges, etc., 70, 337, 

of locomotives, 70, 338. 
of cars, 70, 337, 338. 
street railway, cost of, of roadbed, buildings, etc., 364-869. 

of electric wiring, motors, etc., 367. 
of cars and vehicles, 367. 



INDEX. xvii 

Reports, annual, street railway (see Annual Reports), 

special, of the Board, on railroad matters, 125-135. 

on street railway matters, 136-146. 
Returns, annual, railroad {see Annual Returns). 
Revenue (see Income and Operation). 
Review of the year, railroads, 7. 

/ street railways, 102. 
Roadbed, cost of repair of {see Repairs) » 

Rockland & Abington Street Railway, joint use of tracks of, 287. 
Rockport Street Railway, issue of capital stock, 250. 

grade crossing of Cape Ann Granite Railroad by, 145. 
Rolling stock {see Equipment). 

Salaries and general expenses, street railways, 364. 

Saxouville Mills, railroad track for private use of, in Framingham, 174. 

Shares, issue and sale of, railroad, 149-162. 

street railway, 220-283. 
Sharon and Boston, train service between, 134. 
Shelburne Falls and Northampton, midday trains between, 131. 
Shelbume Falls & Golrain Street Railway, issue of capital stock, 258. 

of mortgage bonds, 261. 
Southbridge & Sturbridge Street Railway, issue of capital stock, 279. 

of mortgage bonds, 280. 
Springfield Street Railway, issue of bonds, 224. 

of capital stock, 264. 
Steamboats, Sunday, 181. 
Stock {see Capital Stock and Shares), 
Stockholders, number and residence of, railroad, 315-323, 341, 343. 

street railway, 891. 
Street railway companies, number of, 81, 106. 

from 1860 to 1896, 84. 
of operating, 82. 
new, organized under general law, 81, 290. 

chartered by special act, 82. 
multiplication and consolidation of, 106. 
financial condition and operations of, 86-98, 103. 
annual reports of, tables compiled from, 350-405. 

contents of, 346. 
car service, special report on, 138. 
consolidations, 81, 106, 206. 
construction {see Construction), 
fares, special report on, 136. 
grade crossings, special reports on, 139-146. 
inspection, recommended, 120. 
leases, 81, 106,206. 
locations, approval of, etc., 289. 
mileage {see Mileage), 
traffic (see Volume of Traffic). 
transportation, necessity for, 104. 



xviii INDEX. 

Street rulvays, cost of, and capital inTestinent in, 84, 103, 897. 

description of, 83, 885. 
electric («ee Eleelric, etc,) 
Joint use of tracks of, 287. 
orders of Board relating to, 195-289. 
{See the tevercU Headings in tM$ Index.) 
Subw^ay, the Boston, approval of contract relating to, 107, 195. 

copy of contract, 196-205. 
Summary of financial condition, etc., railroads, 50-71. 

street railways, 86-98. 
of railroad accidents, 27, 189-194. 
of railroad retams for years 1890-96, 842. 
Sunday trains and steamboats, 181-184. 

steamboats to and from Fall Riyer, 182. 
Surplus, railroads, 51, 814-843. 

percentage of, to capital stock, 51. 
income, for the last year, 52, 313-843. 
street railways, 87, 104, 382. 

percentage of, to capital stock, 87. 
income for the last year, 88, 379. 
Switch, Bamapo split, approval of, 188. 

Tables compiled from railroad returns, 300-343. 

contents of, 297. 
from street railway reports, 350-405. 

contents of, 346. 
Taxes, amount of, railroad, 312-343. 

street railway, 373. 
Topsfield passenger station, relocation of, 186. 
Traffic (see Volume oj Traffic). 

density of, 59, 95, 391. 
Train accidents (see Accidents). 

mile, earnings and expenses per (see Operation), 
mileage (see Volume of Traffic). 
service, special reports on, 131-135. 
Trains, cost of running, per mile (see Operation), 

Sunday, 181. 
Transportation, earnings and expenses of (see Operation). 

rates of, 10, 66-69. 
Trespassers, accidents to (see Accidents). 

Union station on south side of Boston, 41. 

approval of plans for, 47. 

Ventilation of passenger cars, special report on, 17. 
, Volume of traffic, railroad, 8, 57, 314-323, 340-343. 

street railway, 94, 103, 391. 
railroad train mileage, 57, 314-323, 341, 343. 



INDEX. xix 

Volume of traffic, railroad passengers, number carried, 8, 58, 814-348. . 

average lengtli of journey of, 58, 338, 343. 
carried one mile (total passenger mileage), 8, 58, 314-348. 
average, per passenger train mile, 338. 
to and from Boston, 58, 314-343. 
tons of freight hauled, 8, 59, 314-343. 
average length of haul, 59, 338, 343. 
hauled one mile (total freight mileage), 8, 59, 314-343. 
average, per freight-train mile, 338. 
street railway passengers, number carried, 94, 891, 

average, per mile of track operated, 391. 

per round trip, 94, 391. 
excess of, over railroad passengers, 94, 103. 
car miles run, 94, 391. 
round trips run, 94, 391. 

{See Density of Traffic) . 

Wages, railroad, cost of, per total train mile, 70, 337. 

street railway, amount of, 370. 
Wakefield & Stoneham Street Railway, grade crossing of Boston & Maine 

Railroad by, 142. 
Warning-boards, approval of, on New York, New Haven & Hartford Rail- 
road, 188, 
Warren, Brookfield & Spencef Street Railway, issue of capital stock, 259. 
reduction of capital stock, 257. 
issue of mortgage bonds, 265. 
Wellesley, suburban railroad fares to and from, special report on, 129. 
Wellesley & Boston Street Railway, joint use of tracks of, 288. 
West End Street Railway, amount of traffic of, 95, 96, 393. 
night car service on, to and from £ast Boston, 138. 
approval of locations of, and consent to use of electric power by, in 

Boston, Brookline, Cambridge, etc., 289. 
grade crossing of New York, New Haven & Hartford Railroad, 145. 
issue of bonds, 222. 
West Roxbury & Roslindale Street Railway, issues of capital stock, 254, 255. 

issue of mortgage bonds, 256. 
approval of locations of, and consent to use of electric power by, in 
Boston, 289. 
Wheat, receipts of, in Boston, for last ten years, 74. 
Whistling for grade crossings prohibited, 176. 

on Boston & Maine Railroad, in Reading, 176. 
on New England Railroad, in Southbridge, 176. 
Wobum & Reading Street Railway, issue of capital stock, 249. 
Woonsocket Street Railway (of Rhode Island), first annual report of, 82. 
Worcester Consolidated Street Railway, leases of Worcester & Shrewsbury 

Railroad and Street Railway to, 81, 211, 215. 
Worcester & Shrewsbury Railroad and Street Railway, approval of terms 

of leases of, to the Worcester Consolidated, 211, 215. 
Workingmen^s trains to and from Brockton, special report on, 132. 



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1 



COMMISSIONERS' REPORT. 



F&vt 1. 



RAILROAD CORPORATIONS. 



Commnixfojealtfef d SJassac^usjetts* 



The Board of Railroad Commissioners respectfully submits 
its Twenty-eighth Annual Report. 

Massachusetts Railroad CJorporations. 

Forty-nine railroad corporations, whose roads are located 
wholly or in part within the limits of this State, have made the 
annual returns required by law for the year ending' June 30, 
1896. 

The New York & Boston Inland, incorporated under the 
general law in 1883, having failed to build its road within the 
time allowed for that purpose, including several extensions of 
time by special act, and having apparently abandoned its proj- 
ect, is dropped from the list of companies — making the num- 
ber one less than in the last report. 

No consolidations and no leases of Massachusetts roads were 
made during the last fiscal year. The Concord & Montreal, of 
New Hampshire, with its controlled lines, including the Nashua, 
Acton & Boston in this State, has been leased to the Boston & 
Maine for the term of ninety-nine years, the lease taking effect 
July 1, 1895. About 400 miles are thus added to the lines 
operated by the last-named company. 

The New England, a corporation organized under chapter 
484 of the Acts of 1895, having acquired through purchase un- 
der foreclosure the franchises and property of the New York & 
New England, takes the place of that company in this report; 
but the business operations of the first two months of the last 
fiscal year have been returned in the name of the receivers of 
the old company, who remained in possession until September 1, 
1895. 

Of the forty-nine corporations making returns as above, only 
thirteen were engaged in actual railroad operation. The roads 



ItAlLROAt) CORPORATIONS. 



[Jan. 



of thirty-four companies were leased to and operated by other 
companies, one company was not operating its road, and the 
road of the remaining company is not yet built. Five of the 
thirteen operating companies — the Boston & Albany, Boston 
& Maine, Fitchburg, New England, and New York, New Haven 
& Hartford — operated over 96 per cent of the railroad mile- 
age, and conducted nearly 99 per cent of the entire passenger 
and freight traffic, covered by this report. 

Railroad Mileage. 

There was no increase the last year in the length of railroad 
line in this State. The Cape Ann Granite, a new freight road, 
added 1.436 miles, but there was a shortening by relocation 
and remeasurement of 2.510 miles, making a net decrease of 
1.074 miles. An addition of 2.807 miles of second track and 
58.161 miles of side track was, however, made to the exist- 
ing roads within the State. 

There are now in Massachusetts 2,113.310 miles of main and 
branch railroad line. There are besides 906.997 miles of sec- 
ond, third and fourth main track, add 1,267.747 miles of side 
track — making the total length of railroad track within the 
State 4,288.054 miles. The following table gives the length 
of railroad line and track in this State, June 30, 1896, as com- 
pared with the previous year : — 



Railroad Mileage in Massachusetts^ 1895 and 1896. 



RAILHOAD MILRAOE. 


1S95. 


189«. 


Increue. 


Length of main and branch line. 
Length of second track, . 
Length of third track, 
Length of fourth track, . 
Length of side track. 


Miles. 

2,114.384 

855.920 

30.430 

17.840 

1,209.586 


Mllet. 

2,113.310 

858.727 

80.430 

17.840 

1,267.747 


Mitel. 
1.074* 

2.807 
58.161 


Total, reckoned as single track, 


4.228.160 


4,288.054 


59.894 



* Decrease. 



It is not, of course, intended to include in the mileage as 
stated in this report the length of unincorporated railroads, or 
of railroad spurs and tracks built exclusively for private use. 



1897.] 



RAILROAD MILEAGE. 



Mileage Owned. 

The total length of railroad line owned by Massachusetts 
companies, in and out of the State, is 3,478.100 miles; and 
the total length of railroad track so owned is 6,813.634 miles. 
The miles of main and branch line, of second, third and fourth 
main track, and of side track, owned June 30, 1896, and the 
increase over the previous year, are stated in the following 
table : — 

Mileage Owned by Massachusetts Companies^ 1895 and 1896, 



MILEAGE OWNED. 


1895. 


1890. 


Increaec. 




Miles. 


MUes. 


MUcs. 


Length of main and branch line, . 


8,479.214 


8,478.100 


1.114* 


Length of second track, . 


1,216.440 


1,219.017 


8.677 


Length of third track, . 


76.940 


84.400 


8.460 


Length of fourth track, . 


68.350 


71.810 


8.460 


Length of side track, 


1,860.676 


1,960.307 


109.731 


Total, reckoned as single track. 


6,684.620 


6,818.634 


129.114 



* Decrease. 

Mileage Operated. 

The length of railroad line operated by the Massachusetts 
companies, within and without the State, including roads oper- 
ated under lease or contract as well as roads owned, is 4,755.690 
miles; and the total length of track so operated is 8,717.824 
miles — as shown in detail, with the increase for the year, in 
the next table : — 



Mileage Operated by Massa^iusetts Companies^ 1895 and 1896, 



MILEAGE OPERATED. 


1895. 


1899. 


Increase. 




Miles. 


Mllei. 


Miles. 


Length of main and branch line. 


4.362.224 


4,766.690 


403.466 


Length of second track, . 


1,310.127 


1,348.327 


38.200 


Length of third track, . 


87.970 


96.430 


8.460 


Length of fourth track, . 


76.380 


83.840 


8.460 


Length of side track. 


2,164.396 


2,433.637 


279.141 


Total, reckoned as single track, 


7,980.097 


8,717.824 


737.727 



RAILROAD CORPORATIONS. 



[Jan 



The comparatively large increase in operated mileage which 
appears in the last table is due to the addition of the Concord 
& Montreal lines, under the lease before mentioned, to the 
Boston & Maine system. 

A comparison of the foregoing tables will show that of the 
3,478 miles of railroad line otcnedhy Massachusetts companies, 
1,365 miles are outside the State ; and of the 4,756 miles oper- 
atedj 2,642 miles are outside the State. In other words, nearly 
two-fifths of the total mileage ownedy and more than one-half 
of the total mileage operated^ by the companies whose busines:^ 
is covered by this report, are located in other States. 

Cost and Capital Investment per Mile. 

The roads of the Massachusetts companies are all of the 
standard gauge of four feet eight and one-half inches, with the 
exception of five roads whose gauge is three feet. The aggre- 
gate length of the narrow-gauge roads is 58.48 miles, of which 
41.70 miles are located in this State. 

The average cost of construction of standard-gauge road, 
as it stands on the books of the companies, is $79,996.06 per 
mile of road owned, and the average cost of equipment is ap- 
proximately $9,270.48 — making together $89,266.54 per mile. 
The average cost of construction of narrow-gauge road is $39,- 
718.77 per mile, with $7,325.83 for equipment — or a total of 
$47,044.60 per mile. 

Cost of Construction and Equipment y June 30^ 1895 and 1896, 



CONSTRUCTION AND 


Per Milk of Boad. 


I'KB Milk or Maim Tkack. 


EQUIPMENT. 


1995. 


1896. 


1899. 


1898. 


Standard-Oauge Roads. 
Cost of construction, 
Cost of equipment, . 


$78,192 36 
9,279 84 


$79,996 06 
9,270 48 


$66,117 26 
0,659 97 


$57,160 59 
6,624 15 


Totals, 


$87,472 20 


$89,266 54 


f62,777 23 


$63,784 74 


Narrow- Gauge Roads. 
Cost of construction, 
Cost of equipment, . 


f47,068 29 
9,169 97 


$39,718 77 
7,325 83 


$38,552 95 
7,510 99 


$33,571 81 
6,192 07 


Totals, 


$56,238 26 


$47,044 60 


$46,063 94 


$89,703 88 



1897.] 



OPERATIONS OF THE YEAR, 



Id reckoning or comparing cost per mile, the length of main 
track is to be taken into account. The preceding table gives 
the average cost of construction and of equipment per mile of 
road and also per mile of main track owned, including the 
cost but not the length of side track, for roads of each class, 
as returned by the companies at the close of the last two 
years. 

In the next table the cost of construction and equipment, 
and also the capital investment (amount of outstanding capital 
stock and net debt), per mile of road and per mile of main 
track, are given for each of the five leading standard-gauge 
roads, as ascertained from the returns of the respective com- 
panies, June 30, 1896: — 



Cost and Capital Investment per Mile (Five Roads). 





Pkh Milk of Road. 


Pbk Milk or Main Track. 


RAILROADS. 


Construction 

and 
Equipment 


CapiUl 
Investment 


Constroctlon 

and 
Equipment 


Capital 
Investment. 


Boston & Albany, . 
Boston & Maine, . 
Fitchburg, .... 
New England, 
N. Y., N. H. & Hartford, . 


198,421 
99,652 
110,396 
115,113 
188,565 


1104300 
122,237 
116,204 
116,146 
272,702 


154,005 

70,856 

86,737 

87,397 

1 92.858 


$57,506 
86,915 
91301 
88,182 

134,291 


Averages, 


fll9,583 


1140309 


1 178,041 

1 


$91,893 



Operations of the Year. 

Summary and detailed statements of the business operations 
and financial results of the last year will be found on subse- 
quent pages of the report. It may be sufBcient to note here 
that the assets of the companies were increased in round 
numbers $20,000,000 and the liabilities $17,000,000, adding 
$3,0u0,000 to the aggregate surplus and making the percent- 
age of surplus larger than the average for the last ten years. 

As compared with the previous year, there was an improve- 
ment in both traffic and revenue. There was an increase 
of $815,496 in net earnings from operation, an increase of 
$299,728 in net divisible income, and a decrease of $103,571 



8 



RAILROAD CORPORATIONS. 



[Jan. 



in dividends paid, with a resulting increase of $403,299 in the 
profit balance for the year. The ratio of operating expense 
was 69.92 per cent, which is 1.77 per cent above that of the 
preceding year, and nearly one per cent higher than the average 
(68.94) for the last ten years. 

The average rate of dividend on total capital stock was 5.49 
per cent, which, though less than the rate for the three pre- 
ceding years, was almost exactly the average (5.50) for the 
last decade. The rate on the capital stock (about $165,000,000) 
of the thirty-four dividend-paying companies was 6.83 per cent, 
as against 7.08 per cent the year before. Seventeen companies 
with an aggregate capital of about $40,000,000 paid no divi- 
dend. It is interesting to note that the average dividend rate 
on the capital of the leased roads was 6.15 per cent, while that 
on the capital of the operating roads was only 5.76 per cent. 

It is hardly necessary to say that the last three years have 
been far from being years of normal prosperity and growth in 
railroad enterprise. Following the commercial panic of July, 
1893, the year ending June 30, 1894, showed a marked and 
serious decline in traffic and revenue. The last two years 
have been years of recovery. How far the recovery has pro- 

Comparative Traffic and Revenue^ 1893 and 1896, 



TRAFFIC AND REVEIOJE. 


18«S. 


1996. 


Inereasc or 
Decrease. 








Percent 


Passengers carried, . 


121,807,945 


111,629,051 


-8.86 


Passenger mileage, . 




1,793,588,541 


1,773,733,208 


—1.11 


Passenger revenue, . 




136,652,444 


136,395,024 


—.70 


Tons of freight hauled, . 




35,318,640 


34,605,838 


2.02 


Freight mileage. 




2,529,251,452 


2,878,369,521 


+18.80 


Freight revenue, 




135,753,771 


^37,885,072 


+5.96 


Gross earnings. 




f73,413,900 


174,886,480 


+2.01 


Operating expenses. 




51,285,776 


53,362,382 


+4.05 


Net earnings, . 




22,128,124 


22,524,098 


+1.79 


Total income, . 




178,901382 


182,243,421 


+4.28 


Total expenditures,* 




77,725,677 


81,878,669 


+5.84 


Surplus for the year. 




1,176,205 


364,753 


-68.99 



Including dividends paid. 



1897.] CONSTRUCTION AND DEVELOPMENT. 9 

ceeded will appear in the preceding table, in which the traffic 
and revenue of the last year are compared with those of the 
year which closed June 30, 1893, just before the business de- 
pression began. In making the comparison, the operations of 
the Concord & Montreal for 1893 are included in the table, 
though not included in previous reports because this road had 
not then been leased to the Boston & Maine. 

It will be seen that the Massachusetts companies have re- 
covered, though hardly more than recovered, their lost traffic 
and revenue, except in the department of passenger service, 
which has not yet regained the high-water mark of the year 
preceding the period of general stagnation. 

Railroad Construction and Development. 

From 1832, when the building of railroads in Massachusetts 
began, up to 1880, there were constructed in this State on an 
average about forty miles of railroad a year — the largest an- 
nual increment, 131 miles, occurring in 1873. In the decade 
from 1880 to 1890, the rate was a little less than twenty miles 
a year. In the three years following 1890, the average fell to 
some eight miles ; and in the last three years, less than two 
miles in all have been built. 

It appears, therefore, that for the present, so far as new lines 
are concerned, railroad construction in this State has practically 
come to an end. Additional trunk roads are no longer seriously 
thought of. The building of supplementary branch and cross 
lines seems to have been given over to the street railway com- 
panies. If the electric street railway had been discovered thirty 
or forty years earlier, doubtless some of the auxiliary railroad 
lines now in existence would never have been projected. 

As the result of her enterprise in the p.'ist, Massachusetts has 
to-day more miles of railroad in proportion to her area than any 
other State but one ; * and with this achievement she ought, 
perhaps, to be reasonably satisfied. 

While, moreover, new construction has been thus reaching 
its limit, the development of the existing roads and the growth 
of their traffic and revenue have not only shown no abatement, 
but have made a remarkable advance. Although the length 

• The State of New Jersey. 



10 



RAILROAD CORPORATIONS. 



[Jan. 



of railroad line owned by the MassachuBetts companies has 
increased but 30 per cent since 1880, the investment in road- 
way and tracks, equipments, lands, stations, terminals and 
other permanent property has increased from $180,000,000 to 
$350,000,000 — or 94 per cent. During the same period the 
annual volume of traffic on owned and operated lines has grown 
179 per cent, or nearly trebled; and the revenue from opera- 
tion, though not keeping pace with the traffic because of the 
constant reduction of rates, has nevertheless gained more than 
122 per cent. 

There are clearly no symptoms of decay or retrogression in 
the railroad system of the State. In the enlargement of the 
facilities for transportation, in the provision of more ample 
terminal accommodations, in the elimination of grade crossings, 
in all that tends to increase the capacity of the roads for the 
handling of merchandise and the expedition and safety of travel, 
there were never, perhaps, more conspicious enterprise and 
courage, or a more abundant expenditure, than at the present 
time. The roads were certainly never rendering on the whole 
a larger service to the public, in a more liberal spirit, or on 
more favorable terms. 



Rates of Interest and Transpobtation. 

Twenty-five years ago, in 1871, the average rate of interest 
which' the railroad companies of this State were paying on their 
funded debts, was 6.42 per cent. They are now paying an 
average rate of 4.77 per cent.* This decrease (1.65) of a little 
more than one-quarter in the interest rate makes the annual in- 
terest charge on the $132,202,380 of railroad bonds now out- 
standing less by $2,181,339. If other conditions had remained 
the same, this saving in interest might now be applied to in- 
crease the dividends on capital stock ; and the average dividend 
rate the last year would in that case have been 1.07 per cent 
higher, or 6.56 instead of 5.49 per cent, which would still have 
been lower than in 1871, when it appears to have been 7.47 
per cent. 

* The ayerage rate of interest on the bonds oi the Massachnsetts street railway com- 
panies in 1871 was 6.69 per cent, and is now 4.98 per cent — an almost parallel redaction, 
though the correspmding raten are about one-fourth of one per cent higher for street 
railway than for railroad bonds. No allowance in either case is here made for premiam 
or discount in the sale of bonds. 



1897.] TRANSPORTATION OF BICYCLES. 11 

Other conditions, however, have not remained the same. In 
this same period of twenty-five years, the average passenger 
fare per mile has been reduced from 2.51 to 1.79 cents, and the 
average freight rate per ton mile from 3.11 to 1.28 cents — a 
reduction of 29 per cent in the one case and of 59 per cent in 
the other. If the rates of fare and freight which were charged 
in 1871 had been the current rates in 1896, the gross earnings 
of the Massachusetts companies from their actual passenger and 
freight tra£5c would have been the last year $65,445,041 larger 
than they were ; and, assuming the same current ratio of oper- 
ating expense, their net earnings would have been $19,685,868 
larger — that is to say, in both cases approximately doubled. 
Incredible as this statement may at first appear, it can easily 
be verified by a simple computation based on the figures which 
will be found in the statistical portions of the report. 

The relief which the companies have obtained from the lower 
rate of interest on their bonds, is therefore heavily overbal- 
anced by the reductions which have been made — and, from 
whatever motive, without legal compulsion — in the rates of 
transportation. 

Transportation of Bicttcles. 

The following resolve (chapter 112) was passed at the last 
session of the General Court : — 

Resolve relative to the Carbiage of Bicycles by Railroad 

Corporations. 

Resolved, That the board of railroad commissioners is hereby instructed 
to investigate and determine upon what terms and conditions bicycles 
should be cairied within this Conuuonwealth by railroad corporations 
under the supervision of said board ; to recommend to said railroad cor- 
poi'ations such changes in their present rules relative tliereto as the board 
may think desirable for the public interest ; and to report to the general 
couit what legislation, if any, the board may think advisable in regard to 
such carriage of bicycles. 

It appears by the legislative journals that this resolve orig- 
inated in a petition to the General Court '* for legislation pro- 
viding for the removal of the burdensome and oppressive charge 
by railroad companies for the transportation of bicycles." The 
petition was presented January 27, and was referred to the joint 
standing committee on railroads, who, after public hearings, and 



12 RAILROAD CORPORATIONS. [Jan. 

after iavestigation by a sub-committee and conference with the 
parties in interest, reported on May 5 the above resolve, which 
was passed by both houses and was approved June 4, 1896. 

Upon receiving information of the passage of the resolve, the 
Board gave public notice of a hearing to be had at its office 
on July 2. There were present at this hearing Senators Quinn 
and Bartlett, both of whom had given special attention to the 
subject-matter while pending in the Legislature, the former 
having presented the original petition, and the latter having 
been chairman of the sub-committee and having also rep(»rted 
the resolve from the committee on railroads. The League of 
American Wheelmen was represented by its president, Mr. 
Sterling Elliott. The leading railroad companies appeared by 
their respective counsel and general passenger agents, one or 
both. A considerable number of other persons, interested as 
wheelmen or otherwise on one or the other side of the question , 
were also present. All who desired were heard. A full-sized 
section of a baggage car equipped with devices for holding 
bicycles in position and for suspending them on the sides and 
from the ceiling of the car, with a view to economy of room as 
well as safety in transportation, had been set up in the office 
of the Board, and its use was explained and practically illus- 
trated in the course of the hearing. 

The harmonious issue (as will appear) of the proceedings 
before the Board makes it unnecessary to state in full or to 
discuss the facts and arguments presented. It may not be 
unprofitable, however, to indicate the general scope of the 
inquiry. 

The proposition of the wheelmen, as stated by Mr. Elliott, 
was substantially this : The carrying of anything beside the 
passenorcr for a passenger fare is in principle wrong. The 
passenger fare should be fixed as low as may be on the basis 
of carrying the passenger only. The passenger who takes 
anything with him, whether it be a trunk or a bicycle, or 
whatever it may be, should pay for its transportation according 
to distance, weight, bulk, etc. So long, however, as the rail- 
road company for a passenger fare carries with the passenger 
a trunk up to 150 pounds in weight, it should carry a bicycle 
instead of a trunk, if the passenger so elects. The company 
should not be asked to carry without extra charge a bicycle for 



1897.] TRANSPORTATION OF BICYCLES. 13 

a passenger who has a trunk or any other baggage ; nor should 
the company be expected to carry a passenger with bicycle 
on a low-rate coupon or mileage ticket, but only on a full-fare 
single ticket ; and a special minimum fare for a passenger with 
bicycle, say fifteen cents, might not be deemed unreasonable. 
The bicycle should not be required to be covered or protected, 
and should be carried at the risk of the company and not of the 
owner. 

*« This question of the carrying of bicycles," said Mr. Elliott, 
^* is a disagreeable question. A bicycle is about the meanest 
and most unstable thing there is on earth when you are off of 
it, and the railroads have thus far made no provision whatever 
for carrying bicycles. Of course they made no provision for 
carrying trunks when railroads first started, but, as the demand 
made it necessary, baggage cars were provided, and now the 
carrying of trunks is a matter of every-day occurrence, and 
proper provision is made for them. Now, one bicycle placed 
in a baggage car alone, and simply stood up against something 
without being secured, is liable to fall down and to get into all 
sorts of shapes ; and if you put a second and a third one near 
it, it makes a snarl. But the demand for their transportation, 
as Senator Quinn has said, is a growing one, and the customs 
of the people are changing, and, whereas they used to take 
trunks, many of them now take bicycles. Then there are a 
good many who go off for a trip, and, instead of going both 
ways by wheel, they like to ride one way by train. My con- 
science is perfectly clear in asking for this, because I really 
believe it would be profitable in the end for the railroad com- 
panies to take bicycles free." 

It was urged by others that the free carriage of bicycles 
would attract travel to the roads, and would be a source of 
profit rather than of loss. The need of suitable provision for 
their carriage, whether with or without charge, was also empha- 
sized. Reference was made to the statutes of New York, 
Ohio and Rhode Island, by which bicycles are declared to be 
** baggage," and are required to be transported, not exceeding 
one for each passenger, subject to the same charges and liabili- 
ties as for baggage, and without being crated, covered or other- 
wise protected. It was stated that about 150 transportation 
companies, large and small, most of them small, had adopted 



RAILROAD CORPORATIONS. 



iJaQ< 



of thirty-four companies were leased to and operated by other 
companies, one company was not operating its road, and the 
road of the remaining company is not yet built. Five of the 
thirteen operating companies — the Boston & Albany, Boston 
& Maine, Fitchburg, New England, and New York, New Haven 
& Hartford — operated over 96 per cent of the railroad mile- 
age, and conducted nearly 99 per cent of the entire passenger 
and freight traffic, covered by this report. 

Railroad Mileage. 

There was no increase the last year in the length of railroad 
line in this State. The Cape Ann Granite, a new freight road, 
added 1.436 miles, but there was a shortening by relocation 
and remeasurement of 2.510 miles, making a net decrease of 
1.074 miles. An addition of 2.807 miles of second track and 
58.161 miles of side track was, however, made to the exist- 
ing roads within the State. 

There are now in Massachusetts 2,113.310 miles of main and 
branch railroad line. There are besides 906.997 miles of sec- 
ond, third and fouith main track, add 1,267.747 miles of side 
track — making the total length of railroad track within the 
State 4,288.054 miles. The following table gives the length 
of railroad line and track in this State, June 30, 1896, as com- 
pared with the previous year : — 

Railroad Mileage in MassachiLsetts^ 1895 and 1896, 



RAILBOAD MILEAGE. 


1895. 


1896. 


Increase. 


Length of main and branch line, . 
Length of second track, . 
Length of third track, 
Length of fourth track, . 
Length of side track. 


Mites. 

2,114.384 

866.920 

30.430 

17.840 

1,209.686 


Mlle«. 

2,113.310 

858.727 

30.430 

17.840 

1,267.747 


Mites. 
1.074* 

2.807 
68.161 


Total, reckoned as single track. 


4,228.160 


4,288.064 


69.894 



* Deor«aae. 



It is not, of course, intended to include in the mileage as 
stated in this report the length of unincorporated railroads, or 
of railroad spurs and tracks built exclusively for private use. 



1897.] TRANSPORTATION OF BICYCLES. 15 

The company is conseqaently exposed to freqaent claims for 
injury or for loss of special parts, which it cannot verify or, 
if fraudulent, disprove, and which are a source of serious and 
costly annoyance. Owing to the similarity of bicycles there 
is besides a constant liability to confusion and delivery to a 
claimant other than the owner. 

Attention was also called to the fact that the carriage of 
bicycles involves peculiar trouble and expense. A bicycle 
takes up much more room than a trunk of ordinary size and 
allowable weight. Bicycles require not only extra space in 
baggage rooms and cars, but extra service of employees. It is 
not safe or practicable, as suggested, to receive and deliver 
them at the car door. The train baggage-master has not the 
time and it is not in his line of duty to receive and check or to 
deliver baggage and merchandise. Bicycles must be received, 
checked and delivered at the baggage room or other room pro- 
vided for the purpose. Provision must also be made for their 
storage while waiting shipment or delivery. A man who can 
carry on a truck twenty trunks at a time, can handle but two 
bicycles, so that twenty bicycles require ten trips between the 
baggage room and car. At the Union station in this city sev- 
eral men are regularly employed for this work, and extra men 
in case of emergency. At this station a special room is pro- 
vided for receiving and checking out-going wheels, and special 
help is employed for that duty. In-coming wheels are deliv- 
ered from the inward baggage room. There are in this room 
stalls or racks for 50 bicycles ; but on one occasion there were 
356 bicycles in the room waiting delivery, and its capacity was 
at the time so overtaxed by regular baggage that the latter had 
to be carted to the freight house. 

It was further stated that the number of bicycles offered for 
transportation is so variable and uncertain that they cannot be 
provided for with system and economy. A bicycle meet or 
excursion, or an unexpected change of weather, may precipi- 
tate upon the railroad scores or hundreds of wheels, often at 
way stations, for which it is unprepared and for which its 
regular facilities are wholly inadequate. Owing to a sudden 
shower, for example, 100 wheels were without previous notice 
offered for transportation on a passenger train from Portsmouth 
to Lynn, and after these bad been unloaded, 110 more were 



16 



RAILROAD CORPORATIONS. 



[Jan. 



received for transportation from Lynn to Boston. Delay of 
trains, interruption of ordinary traffic and annoyance of regular 
passengers are in such cases unavoidable. 

Attention was also called to the probable effect of free car- 
riage on suburban railroad traffic. It was shown that on one of 
the lines running out of Boston, with an average of 240,000 
suburban passengers a month, there were carried on suburban 
trains in June last only 362 pieces of baggage — or at the rate 
of one piece for 663 passengers. The trains average five pas- 
senger cars each, including a combination car, a small section 
at one end of which is ample for ordinary baggage purposes. 
The conditions are similar on the other suburban lines ; and it 
is with reference to such conditions that the exceptionally low 
rates of suburban fare have been established. The effect of 
free carriage in New York appears to have been an increase by 
some 60 or 70 per cent in the number of bicycles carried on 
local and suburban trains, without corresponding increase in 
number of passengers. The result must necessarily be an in- 
creased cost of service and a tendency to higher passenger fares. 
A gentleman who was present at the hearing, and who is inter- 
ested in securing lower suburban rates, strenuously opposed 
the free carriage of bicycles on this ground alone. 

At the time of the hearing, bicycles were carried on the rail- 
roads of this State at regular <' excess baggage" rates, so 
called, a bicycle being rated at 100 pounds. The lowest charge 
for a bicycle under this tariff was 15 cents, this being the charge 
when the passenger fare was less than 40 cents. If the fare 
was 40 to 74 cents, the bicycle charge was 20 cents ; and so on, 
increasing approximately in that ratio with the fare. It was 
claimed by the railroad companies that, taking everything into 
account, these charges were not unreasonable or excessive. 

Notwithstanding this apparently wide divergence of the views 
and arguments presented, which have been only briefly sketched, 
the discussion was conducted on both sides with a marked spirit 
of fairness and conciliation. There was a manifest disposition 
on the part of the wheelmen to make no unreasonable demands, 
and on the part of the railroads to make all reasonable conces- 
sions. At the close of the hearing it was suggested by the 
Board that both parties submit in writing such rules and regu- 
lations as they respectively desired to have considered and ap- 



1897.] VENTILATION OP CARS. 17 

proved. We were advised thereafter from time to time that 
the parties were in conference with a view to an agreement 
upon the regulations to be submitted. In September, Senator 
Quinn, Mr. Elliott and Mr. N. E. Weeks, chairman of the New 
England Passenger Association, appeared before the Board and 
stated that a schedule of reduced rates for the transportation of 
bicycles had been agreed upon, which, with the approval of 
the Board, it was desired to have go into effect on the first of 
the following month. Much satisfaction at the result which 
had been reached was expressed on both sides ; and the Board 
was desired not only to approve the new tariff, but to report 
that no legislation on the subject-matter of the resolve is now 
necessary. 

The tariff which was thus agreed upon, and which receives 
the full approval of the Board, will be found in the Appendix 
to this report. It makes a material reduction from the excess 
baggage rates. With a passenger fare of less than 75 cents, 
the bicycle charge is 10 cents ; with a fare of 75 to 100 cents, 
the charge is 15 cents ; and so on — being a reduction of from 
33 1-3 to 50 per cent for the shorter distances where most of 
the transportation occurs, and of about 25 per cent for longer 
distances. 

The Board accordingly reports that no legislation is neces- 
sary with regard to the carriage of bicycles by the railroad cor- 
porations under its supervision. 

Ventilation op Passenger Cars. 

By a resolve passed at the last legislative session, the Board 
was also instructed to investigate and report upon the ventila- 
tion of passenger cars on railroads and street railways. The 
resolve (chapter 101) is in these terms : — 

Resolve providing for an investigation of the subject op the 
Ventilation op Railroad and Street Railway Cars. 

Resolved^ That the board of railroad commissioners is hereby instructed 
to make an investigation into the general subject of the ventilation of pas- 
senger cars used on steam railroads and street railways, including an in- 
vestigation into the systems of ventilation now in use and other systems, 
with special reference to the question whether there are any systems of 
ventilation which should be adopted in whole or in part by railroad and 
street railway corporations in this Commonwealth. Said board shall report 



18 



RAILROAD CORPORATIONS. 



[Jan. 



in print the result of their investigation, with their recommendatioas, if 
any, to the next general court on or before the first Wednesday of February 
in the year eighteen hundred and ninety-seven. 



In compliance with this resolve, a public hearing was adver- 
tised and held at the office of the Board on November 17, and 
by adjournment on November 25 and December 1, 1896. At 
the first hearing there were present some thirty persons, many 
of them apparently representatives of the various railroads, 
and several of them patentees of ventilating apparatus, who 
occupied the time of the sitting in presenting the claims of 
their respective inventions. The second hearing was attended 
by some fifteen or twenty persons, most of them practical 
railroad men and experts who were present at the request of 
the Board, together with the inventors before mentioned. At 
the third hearing still fewer persons were present. With the 
exception of the railroad officials and the patentees of ventilat- 
ing devices, only three persons made any remarks at the hear- 
ings, and no one of these urged the expediency of legislative 
action. 

It appeared from the testimony, as the journals of the last 
Legislature also show, that the resolve directing the investiga- 
tion originated in the sole petition, with accompanying bill, of 
Mr. James M. Palmer, an inventor prominent at the hearings, 
who is also treasurer of the Palmer Car Ventilating Company, 
a corporation organized under the laws of Maine, which owns 
or controls his patents. The petition prayed that railroad and 
street railway corporations may be required to equip their 
passenger cars with '« a proper system "of ventilation. In- 
stead of a mandatory act, the Liegislature passed the resolve 
in question. 

Three patented systems for the ventilation of cars were pre- 
sented at the hearings. The Palmer system consists in taking 
the fresh air into the car under the hood at the forward end, 
and carrying it into two channels which extend the entire 
length of the car, one on each side of the clear story. There 
is a partition in each channel at the middle of the car, and the 
fresh air is discharged into the car through screened openings 
all along between the front and middle of the car, while be- 
tween the middle and the rear end of the car the foul air is 



1897.] VENTILATION OF CARS. 19 

intended to pass out through similar openings into the chan- 
nels, and thence into the open air. This system was invented 
some twelve years ago ; but it is claimed that improvements 
have been made from time to time, the latest within a few 
months. The system has, however, never been introduced 
except tentatively on any railroad. Two cars equipped with 
it have been running on the Boston & Mfiine Railroad for several 
years, and one on a western road for about a month. It was 
tried on one or two street railway cars, but only for a short 
time. 

The second system presented was that which bears the name 
of its inventor, Mr. William G. Creamer. By this system the 
fresh air is taken in through a funnel-shaped opening at each 
side of the car near the front, and is passed down and along the 
heating pipes in wooden boxes, from which it enters the car near 
the floor at various points. The foul air is designed to be ex- 
hausted by automatic ventilators at the clear story. This sys- 
tem was patented originally in 1861, but later improvements 
are claimed to have been made. It has been applied experi- 
mentally to cars on various railroads, but never to any consid- 
erable extent, and it cannot be said as yet to have approved 
itself as a success in practical railroad use. Its most extensive 
use is on the cable railway on the New York and Brooklyn 
bridge, where forty-four cars equipped with it are now run- 
ning, twenty of them having been equipped the last year. 

The third system, also named from its inventor, was pre* 
sented by Mr. George H. Maynard, who has a patent only 
about a year old. By this System the foul air is withdrawn 
from the bottom of the car through a register on each side, by 
means of automatic exhaust ventilators at the top of the car. 
The fresh air enters at the ends of the car through transom 
windows. The system is now in experimental use on several 
cars of the Fitchburg Railroad. 

Each of these inventors claimed, and apparently with entire 
sincerity as well as absolute conviction, that his is the *'only 
perfect system of car ventilation," and that all other methods 
are comparatively worthless. 

It is not necessary to recite here the testimony of the practi- 
cal railroad men. They were questioned in detail with refer- 
ence to the systems in use on the different railroads in this 



20 RAILROAD CORPORATIONS. [Jan. 

State and elsewhere, and with regard to what in their opinion 
are practically the best methods, and the grounds of sach 
opinion ; and much information, based on experience as well 
as study of the subject, was obtained, which has been of assist- 
ance to the Board in forming its conclusions. 

The questions to be considered appear to be these : — 

1. Are the methods of ventilating passenger cars now in 
general use reasonably satisfactory ? 

2. If not, are there any methods which have been shown by 
experience or otherwise proved to be on the whole more satis- 
factory ? 

3. Is it at present desirable that there should be any specific 
legislation on the subject? 

In considering the first question, a distinction is to be taken 
between the conditions which exist in summer and those which 
exist in winter. In winter, the car must be warmed as well as 
ventilated. In summer, the ventilation is by means of open 
doors and windows, and cannot be said to be insufficient. It 
might be possible to devise a system theoretically more per- 
fect, that is, insuring a better regulated supply of pure air to 
each passenger, without draughts and without dust or cinders ; 
but such a system, in order to be effective, would require (as 
will be seen) that the doors and windows be kept closed ; and 
if it were desirable, it is not practically possible to keep the 
windows closed in summer, since passengers will not submit 
to it. The question of car ventilation as a practical question 
is therefore limited to the methods which can be used during 
the season when the windows must as a rule be kept shut in 
order to maintain a proper degree of warmth inside the car. 

The usual methods of ventilating passenger cars consist in 
taking the fresh air in through openings at the end of the car, 
either over the door or between the door and the sides, and 
also through movable sashes in the top of the car at the sides 
of the clear story. The foul air escapes through similar open- 
ings, and probably in some cases fresh air comes in and foul air 
goes out through the same opening. This system cannot be 
said to be a theoretically perfect one, nor in its practical work- 
ing all that could be desired. Tests have shown that the air in 
the car is at times more impure than is desirable or conducive 
to health. This is especially true in sleeping cars. 



1897.] ^ VENTILATION OF CARS. 21 

The evil does not appear, however, to be by any means so 
serious as it is sometimes depicted by theorists, valetudinari- 
ansy and the inventors of ventilating apparatus ; and the pres- 
ent methods, if properly used, would undoubtedly give much 
better results than they do. The trouble frequently appears to 
be that the means provided are not intelligently and systemat- 
ically used by trainmen, or that their use is not permitted by 
passengers. Many persons object, often unreasonably, to the 
opening of a ventilator anywhere near them, and it is not an 
uncommon thing to find a car with all the clear-story venti- 
lators closed. Such was the case in three out of the eight 
sleeping cars of which the air was tested and the results given 
in the report of a committee of the Master Car-Builders Asso- 
ciation in 1894. A paragraph in the report touches on one 
of the difficulties just referred to, and proposes a remedy. 

Great improvement could, however, be made in the condition of 
the air in our crowded passenger cars, if the trainmen were compelled 
to pay proper attention to the ventilators. A regular set of instruc- 
tions should be furnished them for their guidance, and division officers 
should be instructed to pass through the train at every opportunity, 
and to report cases where the ventilators have been neglected, and the 
air is overheated or foul, to the division superintendent for discipline. 
The men would then soon learn to attend to this part of their duty. 
Sleeping car companies should have a code of rules printed and 
posted in the cars, and their porters and conductors should be made 
to observe such rules. 

It is a matter of frequent remark that the air in smoking 
cars, notwithstanding the smoke, is practically better than in 
the other cars of the train, because the ventilators are kept 
open ; and some persons who do not smoke, are in the habit 
of riding in the smoking car for this reason. 

Admitting that the methods now in general use are not all 
that could be desired, and that in fact they fall far short of an 
ideal system, the question arises whether there is any other 
available system which is radically better, or on the whole more 
satisfactory. The answer must be that no such system, so far 
as the Board has been able to learn, has as yet been discovered 
and has borne the test of practical success, — though it is 
probable that a more perfect system may yet be devised. 



22 RAILROAD CORPORATIONS. [Jan. 

The problem of car ventilation involves conditions which are 
peculiarly variable and complex. A car is sometimes in motion 
and sometimes at rest ; sometimes it runs slowly, sometimes 
rapidly ; sometimes it moves with the wind, sometimes against 
the wind, and sometimes at right angles to the wind ; its doors 
and windows are sometimes open and sometimes shut. The 
passengers in a car, moreover, differ widely in temperament, 
health and habits of life, in sensitiveness to heat and cold and 
to draughts of air. Some are young and robust, others are 
aged or feeble. Some desire a high temperature, some prefer 
a low temperature ; some want to sit by an open window, others 
cannot endure a current of air without taking cold ; some are 
warmly clad, or retain in the car their overcoats and furs ; 
others are thinly clad, or remove their outer garments as they 
[ would in a sitting-room. At stations, the doors of a car are 

i necessarily thrown open, sometimes for several minutes; and 

they are also opened from time to time while the car is in 
motion, for the passage of the conductor and brakemen through 
the train. 

All these varying conditions make the systematic ventilation 
of a railroad car much more difficult than that of a building or 
room. The opening of the doors and windows is a troublesome 
disturbing factor. If these could be kept closed, it would be 
much easier to devise an efficient system of ventilation. It 
has been found impracticable, however, to construct cars with 
windows that cannot be opened, even in the winter. Instances 
have repeatedly occurred where passengers have forcibly broken 
out the windows when it was found that they could not be raised. 
Even in the coldest months, there are days when the steam heat 
renders it as desirable to open the windows as it is in summer. 
No system of car ventilation appears as yet to have been dis- 
covered and successfully tested, which is thoroughly efficient 
} except when the car is in motion and the doors and windows 

are closed ; and this is as true of the systems which have now 
been urged upon the attention of the Board, as it is of other 
systems. 

The difficulties, then, in the way of securing perfect ventilation 
are partly physical and partly due to the idiosyncrasies of passen- 
gers ; and of the two, the latter are the harder to deal with. 

An ideal system would provide for admitting a proper supply 



b 



1897.] VENTILATION OF CARS. 23 

of pure air, without draught, cinders or dust, and for carrying 
off an equal quantity of vitiated air. The fresh air should be 
warmed in winter, and should be made to circulate through the 
car before leaving it. The ventilation should be independent 
of the motion of the car, acting when the car is standing still 
as well as when it is in motion ; and there should be a slight 
excess of pressure inside the car, so that the tendency would be 
to exclude smoke and dust. 

The existing methods are far from fulfilling these conditions ; 
and the Board knows of no system, which has been practically 
tested, that is not open to some serious objection. If the fresh 
air is admitted at the top of the car, it should be warmed by some 
special heating apparatus, and the foul air should be removed 
from the bottom of the car at the other end, which necessitates 
separate inlets and outlets at each end of the car. If the fresh 
air is admitted at the bottom of the car, after being carried 
along steam pipes, it is not only very unequally heated, de- 
pending upon the distance it has travelled along the pipes, but 
in entering it stirs up the dust and deposits on the bottom of 
the car, which, as the scientific experts in sanitation have taught 
us, may be charged with the germs of tuberculous and other 
disease, and should by no means be disturbed. 

It is not improbable that the best system of car ventilation 
will prove to be one which is not dependent for its action upon 
the motion of the car, but in which the supply and change of 
air are* effected by means of fans operated by power. No such 
system, however, has as yet been sufficiently tested to prove 
its success. Experiments in the use of fans were made some 
years ago on the Central Railroad of Georgia, but after a short 
trial the method was abandoned. This is the only instance 
which has come to the notice of the Board in which fans have 
been actually used. 

We are satisfied by the evidence adduced at the hearings, as 
well as by information obtained from other sources, that the 
railroad corporations of the country have not been indifferent 
to the importance of car ventilation as affecting the health and 
comfort of their passengers. They have made it for many 
years the subject of study and experiment. The question of 
cost does not appear to have controlled their action, and the 
difference of cost is not indeed a factor of much account, at 



24 RAILROAD CORPORATIONS- [Jan. 

least in the construction of new cars, as between the practi- 
cable systems open to selection. The companies have from 
time to time allowed one or more of their cars to be fitted up, 
under the immediate direction of the inventor, with any system 
that seemed to promise better ventilation, and have given the 
system a fair trial on their roads. Each of the systems pre- 
sented at the hearings has had or is having this opportunity. 
If any system, after years of persistent advocacy, has failed of 
general adoption, it must be because the supposed merits of 
the system have failed to impress themselves upon pract^ical 
railroad men, upon scientific experts, and upon the general 
public. While there was testimony at the hearings tending to 
show that in some of the cases referred to, there was, under 
favorable conditions and for the time being, a somewhat better 
result obtained, the weight of the evidence was not sufficient 
to prove that as a general result, under ordinary and similar 
conditions, there was any marked or easily perceptible dif- 
ference in favor of the cars ventilated by even the best of the 
patented systems, or that these cars were sought by passengers 
in preference to cars ventilated in the usual way. 

The subject of car ventilation, while apparently little prog- 
ress has been made, has not escaped the attention of engineer- 
ing organizations or of scientists. In 1893, the Master Car- 
Builders Association, a body of high standing, comprising the 
master car-builders of all the principal railroads of the country , 
appointed a committee on the subject, which submitted a report 
at the annual meeting in 1894. That report, however, made 
no specific recommendations, and did little except to formulate 
the ideal conditions, and to give the results of some tests of 
the air in cars and of the efficiency of some different types of 
exhaust ventilators. One paragraph of this report has been 
quoted on a previous page. 

The American Public Health Association has also taken up 
the question through a committee on Car Sanitation, which has 
submitted several reports, chiefly calling attention to the need 
of better ventilation and cleanliness in cars. In the report 
presented at the meeting at Denver in 1895, there is a paper 
by Prof. S- H. Woodbridge * in which a fan system of ventila- 
tion is proposed. The paper concludes as follows : — 

* Professor of Heatiag and VeatUatioa ia ths MA9sacliaa9U9 InUitat) of rechaologjr. 



1897.] VENTILATION OF CARS. 25 

It woald seem to be of more than doubtful utility to equip coaches 
with carefully designed means for ventilation, unless railroad em- 
ployees are systematically trained to their use, and they and the 
travelling public are educated to habits of cleanliness, and are free 
from the trouble-making notions and imaginings which prevail, even 
among cultivated people, with reference to ventilation. The proper 
function of ventilation begins only after cleauliness has done its most 
perfect work. For a long time to come, to an innocent and dutiful 
ventilation is even likely to be laid the sin of uncleanliness of person 
and environment. 

Ventilation deals with unseen air, unseen aerial movements, and 
generally with unseen motive forces. The field is rich for a rank 
growth of notions and imaginings and quackery. Hence the large 
and important part which imagination plays in ventilation effects. 
These effects are primarily on a composite and delicate sensorium, 
upon which imagination plays ruthlessly. It is important, therefore, 
that any system planned to give the surest and highest satisfaction, 
should furnish ocular evidence of its existence and of its action. In 
a well- ventilated room, a raised window, through which no air moved 
inward, has often been known to give great and immediate relief. 
Any successful coach ventilation must include such self-announcing 
means as shall enlist imagination in its favor, and put an effective 
stop to window raising, that fatal disturber of the working of artifi- 
cial ventilation. The railroad management must also be called upon 
to provide whatever may be required to remove every reasonable ex- 
cuse for window opening. 

The ventilation of railroad cars has thus far been spoken of. 
Little needs to be added regarding the ventilation of street 
railway cars. Except as regards speed, the conditions are in 
general similar. In warm weather, open street cars are almost 
wholly used. The special provision for the ventilation of box 
cars usually consists of a considerable number of pivoted sashes 
in the clear story. The windows in the body of the car may 
also be opened on occasion, at least during the milder seasons 
of the year. The frequent opening of the doors for the en- 
trance and exit of passengers is of itself an effective means of 
ventilation ; and one or both doors, except perhaps in extreme 
weather, may be left open more or less widely for the admis- 
sion or escape of air. Passengers usually ride for much shorter 
distances than in railroad cars, and rarely remove the garments 
which are suitable for the outside temperature; and one or 



I 



26 RAILEOAD CORPORATIONS. [Jan. 

more of the above methods may ordinarily be used without 
risk of andue exposure. The overhead ventilators alone, if 
properly handled, would be found in almost every case amply 
sufficient. Not infrequently, however, every one of the twenty- 
four ventilating sashes in a full-sized electric car is found 
closed. 

i On account of the slower speed, any ventilating apparatus 

that depends on the motion of the car, would be less efficient 
on the street railway than on the railroad ; and, as before 
stated, no such apparatus will work unless the doors and win- 
dows are shut. Probably no artificial system that is at present 
available would be accepted by passengers as a substitute or 
equivalent for the simpler and more direct methods now in 
use. Until some radically different and more efficient systeoi 
has been discovered, there seems to be on the whole no more 
satisfactory method for the ventilation of the crowded cars 
which are run on city and suburban lines, than to open the 
overhead sashes, and if that is not sufficient, to open the win- 
dows or doors. On longer routes, where all of the passengers 
are seated, and where the doors may be kept nearly all of the 
time closed, the conditions would more nearly resemble those 
in railroad travel. 

It has not been made apparent to the Board, by the testi- 
mony at the hearings or otherwise, that there is grievous 
complaint by the travelling public about the ventilation of 
passenger cars, on either railroads or street railways ; or 
that there is any general demand for radical reform or relief 
through mandatory legislation. Much more frequent com- 
plaints come to our ears of the overheating or underheating 
of cars, than of their foul or vitiated atmosphere. It is per- 
haps safe to say that the complaints of bad or insufficient car 

I ventilation are not more numerous or well-grounded than those 

which are heard with respect to many public buildings and 
places of assembly for whose ventilation experts of high 
repute have been employed and no expense has been spared ; 
and the problem is less difficult and complex in the latter than 
in the former case. This, however, is no reason why there 
should not be persistent study and effort for the more perfect 
ventilation of passenger cars. 



1 



1897.] RAILROAD ACCIDENTS. 27 

It is evident from all that has been said, that car ventilation 
id still in its experimental stage ; and that no artificial system 
or method has as yet been so fully perfected and so thoroughly 
approved by successful use, as to warrant the Board in recom- 
mending its general adoption under the constraint or regulation 
of law. The Board accordingly reports, as the result of its 
investigation, that no specific legislation on this subject appears 
to be at present expedient. 

Genebal Summary of Railroad Accidents.* 

Train Accidents. 

The whole number of train accidents reported to the Board 
during the year ending June 30, 1896, was 21, of which 15 
were collisions and 6 were derailments. Of the collisions, one 
was a head collision, 1 1 were rear collisions, one occurred at a 
crossing, and 2 occurred in railroad yards. By these collisions 
27 passengers were injured, though none fatally, and 3 em- 
ployees were killed and 18 injured. Of the derailments, 2 
were of passenger trains and 4 were of freight trains. By the 
derailment of the passenger trains, 2 passengers were killed 
and 2 passengers and 4 employees were injured. By the de- 
railment of the freight trains, one employee was killed and 3 
were seriously injured. The above enumeration of train acci- 
dents does not include several slight collisions and derailments 
resulting in no injury to persons and not much damage to 
property. 

Number of Persons Injured, 

The total number of casualties to persons reported by the 
several railroad companies during the year was 1,025, being 44 
more than during the year ending June 30, 1895, and 89 less 
than during the next preceding year. Of the whole number 
injured, 274 were injured fatally and 751 less seriously — an 
increase of 26 fatal injuries and of 18 not fatal. Of the total 
number of casualties, 89 were to passengers, 578 to employees, 
74 to persons at grade crossings and stations, and 284 to tres- 
passers. Of the whole number injured, 23 appear to have been 
children. 

* Prepared by tbe Clerk of the Board, Mr. William A. Crafts. For tabulated 
Statement of Accidents, see Appendix. 



28 



RAILROAD CORPORATIONS. 



[Jan. 



Accidents to Passengers* 

Three passengers were killed, and 34 were injured, by causes 
beyond their own controL Or pasisengers injured by reason of 
their own fiialt or want of care, 7 were killed and 45 were in* 
jnred. This b not so favorable a showing as in the preceding 
year, when no passenger was killed and but 5 were injured by 
causes beyond their control ; and when 9 less were killed or in- 
jured through their own fault or negligence. Getting off or 
attempting to board a moving train is the principal cause of 
injury to passengers who carelessly risk life or limb. 

The total number of passengers carried on Massachusetts 
railroads within und without the State was 111,629,051, and 
the total number of miles travelled was 1,773,783,208. It is 
believed that at least 20 per cent of the number of passengers 
are carried wholly outside the State line. Making this deduc- 
tion from the whole number, the number carried within the 
State would be, in round numbers, 89,500,000, and the num- 
ber of miles travelled would be 1,420,000,000. Assuming 
these figures to be substantially correct, the ratio of accidents 
to passengers and to miles travelled is shown in the following 
table, and is also compared with that of the previous year : — 



Passengers Killed and Injured in MasBOchuseUs in 1895 and 1896. 



PASSENOEBS CASRIED. ETC. 




Total number of passengers carried in 

Massachusetts, 

Total miles travelled in Massachusetts, 

Passengers killed by causes beyond 
their own control, .... 
Ratio to total passengers carried. 
Ratio to total miles travelled. 

Passengers injured from causes be- 
yond their own control, . 
Ratio to total passengers carried. 
Ratio to total mOes travelled. 

Passengers killed by their own fault 
or want of care, .... 
Ratio to passengers carried, 

Passengers injured by their own fault 
or want of care, .... 
Ratio to total passengers carried. 



86,500,000 
1,309,000,000 





to 86,600,000 
to 1,309,000,000 



1 t9 17,300,000 
1 to 261,800,000 



1 to 17,300.000 



88 

1 to 2,276,316 



89,500,000 
1,420,000,000 



8 

1 to 29333,333 
1 to 473,333^33 



84 

1 to 2,632353 
1 to 41,764,706 






1 to 12,785,714 



45 

1 to 1,988,889 



1897.] RAILROAD ACCIDENTS. 29 

Although the ratio of passeDgers injured fatally or otherwise 
is not so favorable as in the year ending June 30, 1895, the 
fact that only one in nearly thirty millions of travellers was 
fatally injured by causes beyond his own control, is an assur- 
ance that travelling by railroad is remarkably safe. It is, how- 
ever, apparently much less safe than in Great Britain, where 
the total number of passengers carried in 1895 was 816,921,056, 
and the number of passengers killed without fault of their own 
was only 5, being one in 163,384,211. The number so injured 
not fatally was 399, showing a ratio to whole number carried 
not very different from that in this State, but somewhat less 
favorable, being one in 2,047,421. 

Accidents to Employees. 

The total number of employees killed and injured was 578, 
being 22 less than in the preceding year. Of these 439 were 
trainmen, and 139 were otherwise employed. Five were killed 
and 228 were injured while coupling or uncoupling cars, being 
only half as many killed and 18 less injured as compared with 
1895. Many of the injuries were not serious and some were 
very slight ; but this class of accidents is larger than any other, 
being this year 40 per cent of the whole number of employees 
injured and 53 per cent of the trainmen injured. 

By coming in contact with overhead bridges or other struct- 
ures 6 were killed and 22 were injured, being 2 less killed and 
8 more injured than in the preceding year. By train accidents 
of all kinds 6 were killed and 52 were injured, a slightly better 
record than that for 1895. 

Twenty-two were killed and 63 were injured by falling or 
being thrown from trains and engines, an increase of fatal in- 
juries over the preceding year, when 15 were killed, though 92, 
a larger number, were injured. By various accidents, some not 
definitely described or of known cause, and many not peculiar 
to railroad employment or the movement of trains, and others 
due to a want of care in performance of duty on the track or 
in yards, 35 were killed and 139 were injured, both being 
somewhat in excess of the preceding year. 

In Great Britain, the casualties to employees by train acci- 
dents in 1895 were 12 killed and 88 injured. In addition to 
these there were 430 killed and 2,566 injured from causes 



t 



I 



30 RAILROAD CORPORATIONS. [Jan. 

grooped in oar tables under the heads of coupling and uncoup- 
ling cars, overhead bridges, falling from trains and engines, 
and various other causes not classified ; making the whole num- 
ber of employees killed 442 and injured 2,654, or a total of 
3,096 killed and injured. With ten times as many miles of 
railroad as in Massachusetts, and with probably a much greater 
proportionate number of employees, the ratio of accidents to 
employees was much less than in Massachusetts, where 578 were 
killed and injured on a little over 2,100 miles of railroad. 

Accidents at Grade Crossings. 

Thirty-one persons were killed and 28 were injured at grade 
crossings, making a total of 59 casualties, or 12 less than in 
the preceding year. At crossings protected by gates or flags, 
16 were killed and 10 were injured ; at unprotected crossings, 
15 were killed and 18 were injured. 

4 There are in the State about 1,150 protected crossings, and 

a1>out 1,000 unprotected. If, in view of the number of acci- 
dents at protected crossings, it be asked if gates or flags ac- 
complish much in the way of protection, it should be borne in- 
mind that the protected crossings are those which would be the 
most dangerous without protection, and that most of them are 
in populous districts where trains are frequent and travellers 

i on the public ways are very numerous. 

j The table on the opposite page shows the grade crossing ac- 

.{ cidents on each of the operating roads. In examining this 

table it will be observed that the New York, New Haven & 
Hartford Railroad Company reports only the number of persons 
killed at crossings. The number injured, if any, is not stated, 
and the ratio of casualties to number of crossings therefore 
appears to be much lower on this than on any other railroad. 



^ 



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Accidents to Trespassers. 

The total number of trespassers killed and injured was 284, 
of whom 152 were killed and 132 were injured not fatally. Of 
the whole number 223 were unlawfully on the track and 61 
were unlawfully on cars. No cases of suicide are specially re- 
ported, but one unsuccessful attempt is named. It is not 
improbable, however, that more of these "accidents" were 
premeditated by the victims. 



1897.] 



RAILROAD ACCIDENTS. 



ill 






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i 



I 32 RAILROAt) CORPORATIONS. [Jan. 

The length of the railroads in Massachusetts is about 2^100 
miles. The ratio of accidents to trespassers to the miles of 
railroad operated is therefore nearly 1 to 7. The length of the 
railroads in Great Britain is ten times that of the roads in this 
State, or 21,000 miles, and the number of accidents to tres- 
passers in the year 1895 was 525, or 1 to 40 miles of road — 
a difference in favor of Great Britain which is due to the 
greater care with which railroad tracks are guarded, and the 
fewer opportunities to enter upon the roadway. 



i 

i 



Railroad Bbidges. 

Professor Swain, of the Massachusetts Institute of Technol- 
ogy, the expert of the Board in matters involving mechanical 
and scientific questions, and having as its engineer special 
charge of the department of railroad bridges, submits the fol- 
lowing (his tenth annual) report for the last calendar year : — 

Boston, December 31, 1896. 

The Massachusetts Board of Railroad Commissioners, 

Hon John E. Sanford, Chairman. 

Gentlemen : — I beg leave to sabmit the following report regarding 
the bridge work which has been done by the railroad companies dur- 
ing the calendar year 1896. 

Number and Description of Railroad Bridges. 

The table on the opposite page gives the number and description 
of railroad bridges on the different railroads, in the State of Massa- 
chnsetts. It is similar to the tables given in the annual reports for a 
number of years. Changes are made in this table from year to year, 
not simply on account of the fact that some new bridges are built, 
some old bridges renewed with a different style of construction, and 
still other bridges abolished, but also becaase each year it is found 
that on some railroads a few short spans previously included are just 
below the limit of ten feet, or that other short spans not previously 
reported are slightly above that limit. Moreover, alterations in bridges 
are occasionally not reported until the following year. This table 
gives the number of bridges of each class above ten feet in span, 
counting as a separate bridge each span which rests on masonry abut- 
ments or metal supports, but each wooden pile or trestle bridge as 
bat one bridge. 



1897.] 



EAILROAD BRIDGES. 



33 



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34 RAILROAD CORPORATIONS. [Jan. 



1 1 Bridge Work Dane in 1896. 

The past year has seen a considerable amount of bridge work done 
on the yarions railroads, a summary of which will now be given, not 
including, however, minor repairs. 

On the Boston & Albany Railroad^ the pile bridge in Framingham, 
the only wooden bridge on the main line in this State, has been re- 
placed by a masonry arch. Ten spans of plate girders have been 
built on the main line in the work of abolishing grade crossings, 9 of 
: these being at Westfield) constituting a single bridge of 9 spans sup- 

< ported on steel columns and masonry abutments. Four short spans 

4 on the main line, of which 3 were I-beams and one a plate girder, 

i have been replaced by pipe culverts. 

i On the Newton Lower Falls Branch, one wooden trestle has been 

entirely rebuilt. On the Ware River Branch, one plate girder has 

been built to abolish a grade crossing. On the Athol Branch, one 

• Howe truss has been replaced by 2 plate girder spans. On the North 

Adams Branch, two new spans of I-beams have been built and one 
strengthened. 

On the Boston Jb Maine Railroad^ it will be convenient to distin- 
'guish the work done on the different divisions. 

On the Eastern Division, the drawbridge over the Mystic River has 
been strengthened where injured by a derailed train, and the wooden 
draw at Manchester, on the Gloucester Branch, has been replaced by 
a double track iron drawbridge. One track of the pile bridge near 
Oak Island, and the pile bridge at Gloucester, have been entirely 
rebuilt. Three new bridges have been built at Manchester, one a 
plate girder, one an arch and one an I-beam bridge. Three temporary 
trestles have been built, and the turn-table track of the draw at New- 
buryport has been levelled up. 

On the Western Division, a portion of the pile bridge at Boston, in 
the storage yard north of the draw, has been rebuilt. One old plate 
girder has been rebuilt, one I-beam bridge has been replaced by a 
plate girder, one new plate girder has been built in abolishing a grade 
crossing, one wooden trestle has been entirely rebuilt, and one wooden 
stringer and one I-beam bridge have been filled. 

On the Southern Division, 2 wooden stringers have been filled ; one 
wooden trestle and one wooden stringer bridge have had the stringers 
and ties renewed ; the freight bridge at Boston has had new stringers 
and ties south of the draw; the riveted truss at Lawrence has 
had new stringers added; one braced stringer has been strength- 
ened by adding 8 bents of piles ; and one wooden stringer, the abut- 
ments of which were rebuilt some time ago, has been replaced by a 
new plate girder. New pile bents have also been added at the ends 
of a bridge on the Middlesex Branch. 



1897.] RAILROAD BRIDGES. 35 

On the Central Massachusetts Division, the riveted truss over the 
Fitchburg Railroad and one pile bridge have been rebuilt ; 2 wooden 
stringers have been rebuilt with I-beams ; one new I4)eam bridge has 
been built to abolish a grade crossing ; and 5 pile bridges and one 
riveted truss ha.ve been strengthened by pile bents at the ends. 

On the Worcester, Nashua & Portland Division, the foundation of 
one stone arch has been repaired. 

On the Connecticut River Division, and on the Nashua, Acton <& 
Boston Branch, no work of importance has been done. 

On the Bostouj Revere Beach & Lynn BaUroadj the only work done 
has been to Oil about 150 feet of the long pile bridge at Crystal Cove, 
Winthrop. 

On the Fitchburg RaUroad^ 2 pile bridges on the main line have been 
repaired ; one plate girder has been rebuilt and the span increased ; 
and one new plate girder erected. Further, 2 riveted trusses have been 
strengthened ; the floor beams of one pin-connected trass have been 
strengthened ; 2 plate girders have been strengthened ; and 2 I-beam 
bridges have been strengthened by substituting heavier beams. Minor 
repairs have been made to many of the bridges on the branches, as well 
as to others on the main line. 

On the Grafton & Upton and the Hoosac Tunnel & Wilmington 
railroads, no work of importance has been done. 

On the Martha's Vineyard Railroad^ some repairs to the pile bridges 
have been made. 

On the New England Railroad^ besides numerous minor repairs, 
one new plate girder bridge has been built in abolishing a grade 
crossing, and one to replace a wooden lattice bridge ; repairs have 
been made to the pile and draw bridges in Boston ; one pile bridge 
has been rebuilt and one repaired ; one wooden stringer has been 
provided with new stringers, one trestle has been provided with a 
new horse, one temporary trestle has been built in place of a Howe 
truss bridge which was burned, and extensive repairs and renewals 
have been made to many of the short wooden bridges on the Milford 
Branch. 

On the New London Northern Railroad^ one pile bridge has been 
rebuilt ; one Howe truss has been replaced by a wooden trestle ; the 
substructure of one wooden stringer has been strengthened ; and the 
floors of 8 spans of Howe truss have been repaired and strengthened. 

On the New Tork^ New Haven & Hartford Railroad^ it will be 
convenient to distinguish the several divisions. 

On the Old Colony System, one jack-knife draw has been rebuilt ; 
8 new arches and 3 new plate girders have been built in the Brock- 
ton improvement, one of the arches replacing a plate girder ; 1 1 pile 
bridges have been extensively repaired or partly rebuilt ; one wooden 
stringer has been rebuilt, and another replaced by a plate girder 



■I 

.•I 

I 



36 



RAILROAD CORPORATIONS. 



fjan, 



bridge ; one plate girder has been provided with an additional side 
track, and one I-beam bridge has been rebnilt. The extensive work 
on the Providence Division of raising the track between Boston and 
Forest Hills, not being completed, will be included in the work of the 
coming year. 

On the Worcester. Division, one wooden stringer has been renewed 
with I-beams, one new plate girder bridge has been bailt in abolishing 
a grade crossing, and one Howe truss bridge, which was burned, is 
being rebnilt as a pin*oonnected iron tmss. 

On the Northampton Division, one plate girder bridge has been 
replaced by a new one, and one new plate girder has been built, in 
the Northampton improvement. One Howe truss, which is reea- 
forced by a wooden trestle, has had a new trestle built. Many minor 
repairs have also been made. 

On the Berkshire Division, one plate girder has been replaced by a 
new one, and the repairs to the arch near Pittsfield have been com- 
pleted. 

Respectfully submitted, 

Georob F. Swain. 



Grade Crossings in Massachusetts. 

Of liatlroads with Railroads. 

There are apon the several railroads, within the limits of this 
State, 64 grade crossings by other railroads, at 44 of which 
systems of interlocking signals are established, and at 20 of 
which there are no interlocking systems and all trains are re* 
quired to make the <* know-nothing" stop. These crossings 
are distributed over the different railroads, including their 
leased and operated lines, as follows : — 

Orade Crossings of Railroads by other RaUroads. 



RAILROADS.* 



Qnde CTOMJngt 



Other 



koadt. 



mtertoekcd. 



Not 
Interlocked. 



Boston & Albany, 

Boston & Maine^ • 

Fitchburg, . 

New England, . 

New London Northern, 

New York, New Haven & Ilaitford, 

Totals, 



17 

21 

8 

5 

3 

10 



64 



15 

12 

6 

2 



44 



2 

ft 

9 
2 
3 
8 
1 



20 



« Tn^ina<ng iMied and operated lines. 



1897.] GRADE CROSSINGS. 37 

In the above table the intersection of two railroads at grade 
is counted as a grade crossing upon each railroad — that is to 
say, the Boston & Albany is crossed 17 times by other railroads 
at grade, the Boston & Maine 21 times, and so on. If the in- 
tersection of two railroads at grade is counted as one grade 
crossing, then the totals in the table will be reduced just one- 
half. 

Of Railroads with Highways. 

On June 30, 1891, there were in this State 2,219 grade 
crossings of railroads with public ways. There appear to have 
been six additional grade crossings of this kind established 
since that time. This would make the whole number 2,225 ; 
but the actual number June 30, 1896, as returned by the com- 
panies, was 2,155 — indicating that 70 grade crossings have 
been eliminated during the last five years. 

The table on the following page gives the total number at the 
last mentioned date of the highway grade crossings on each of 
the railroads, including their leased and operated lines, within 
the limits of this State, also the number protected in the sev- 
eral methods authorized by law, and the number unprotected. 
The number of highway grade crossings on each of the roads 
which were finally abolished during the year ending June 30, 
1896, the number which on that date were in process of aboli- 
tion, and the number for the abolition of which petitions were 
pending in the courts, are also stated in the table. 

It appears that 1,154 out of the whole 2,155 grade crossings 
are protected by gates, flagmen or electric signals, and that 
1,001 are unprotected ; and that 27 grade crossings in all were 
finally abolished during the last railroad year, while at the end 
of the year 48 were in process of abolition, and petitions were 
pending for the abolition of 122 more. The most extensive 
works of this character now in progress are those on the Boston 
& Providence Railroad near its terminus in Boston, and on the 
Boston & Albany Railroad in the city of Newton. 

* Cost of Abolishing Grade Crossings. 

The total estimated cost of the abolition of grade crossings 
of railroads with public ways, under the provisions of chapter 
428 of the Acts of 1890, entitled <<An Act to promote the 
abolition of grade crossings," in all the cases in which the 
special commissions appointed by the superior court have 



l1 

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EAILROAD CORPORATIONS. 



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1897.] 



GRADE CROSSINGS. 



39 



made reports, now stands as follows for the several years since 
the passage of the act : — 



For the year ending Juno 80, 1891, 

Commonwealth's proportion,* 
For the year ending Juno 80, 1892, 

Commonwealth's proportion, 
For the year ending June 80, 1893, 

Commonwealth's proportion. 
For the year ending June 30, 1894, 

Commonwealth's proportion. 
For the year ending June 80, 1895, 

Commonwealth's proportion, 
For the year ending June 30, 1896, 

Commonwealth's proportion. 
For the six months ending Doc. 31, 

Commonwealth's proportion. 

Totals, .... 



td79,959 23 
278,873 77 

1,045,150 30 

2,178,827 29 
488,455 00 

1,748,157 50 
1896, 29,000 00 



t94,989 81 
69,718 44 
261,287 58 
544,581 82 
122,113 75 
437,039 37 
7,250 00 



•6,147,923 09 $1,586,980 17 



The amount of cost actually incurred by the Commonwealth 
under the provisions, of the act of 1890, up to January 1, 1897, 
is $1,313,000.22, as follows: — 

Paid during the year 1892, . < . • • 187,056 29 

Paid during the year 1893, 96,141 97 

Paid dming the year 1894, 271,202 57 

Paid during the year 1895, 407,491 72 

Paid dunng the year 1896, . . . ,• . 874,21181 

Total paid to January 1, 1897, . . . f 1,736,104 36 

Repaid by cities and towns in 1894,t • $19,581 59 

Repaid by cities and towns in 1895, . . 42,277 11 

Repaid by cities and towns in 1896, . . 53,386 37 

Total repaid to January 1, 1897, . f 115,245 07 

Net amount paid to January 1, 1897, . . . tl.620,859 29 
Due from cities and towns,t 807,859 07 

Actual cost incurred to January 1, 1897, . tl,313,000 22 

The above is the cost incurred under the general law of 1890, 
chapter 428. The Commonwealth has also paid on account of 

* Twenty-five per cent of the total cost. 

t By St. 1890, c. 428, } 7, as amended by Sts. 1893, c. 283 and 1894, c. 545, the Com- 
monwealth advances the proportions of cost (10 per cent) apportioned to cities and towns, 
and the latter reimbarse the amounts so advanced in annual instalments, with interobt at 
four per cent. A similar rule applies with regard to the city of Boston, which pays ISJb 
per cent, under the special St. 1892, c. 433, referred to in the text. The raihroad corpora- 
tions pay 65 per cent of the whole cost under the former act, and 65 per cent under the 
latter act. 



40 RAILROAD CORPORATIONS. [Jan. 

** the abolition of certain grade crossings of the Boston & Provi- 
dence Railroad " between Chester Park and Blakemore Street 
in the city of Boston, now in pi ogress under St. 1892, c. 433, 
its proportion under this act being 31.5 per cent of the whole 
cost, as follows : — 

Paid during the year 1894, 123,958 60 

Paid during the year 1895, 494,574 77 

Paid during the year 1896, 696,407 89 

Total paid to January 1, 1897, . . 11,214,941 26 

Repaid by city of Boston in 1895,* . 12,799 16 

Kepaid by city of Boston in 1896, . . 15,793 71 

Total repaid to January 1, 1897, . 118,592 87 

Net amount paid to January 1, 1897, . . tlil96,348 39 
Due from city of Boston,* 345,889 52 

« Actual cost incurred to January 1, 1897, . (850,458 87 

It appears by the above statements that the Commonwealth, 
after allowing for the amounts which have been repaid, and 
which are to be repaid, by cities and towns, has incurred in aid 
of the abolition of grade crossings under the general law of 
1890 a net cost of $1,313,000.22, and under the special act of 
1892, of $850,458 87 — making a total of $2,163,459.09 which 
has already been contributed to this work from the State treas- 
ury. Taking into account the fact that the Commonwealth has 
incurred only 25 per cent of the whole cost under the law of 
1890, and 31.5 per cent under the act of 1^92, it will be seen 
that the combined expenditure by the Commonwealth, by 
cities and towns and by the railroad corporations, for the elim- 
ination of grade crossings during the last five years, amounts 
to nearly $8,000,000. The work is as yet only fairly begun, 
and the final amount which may be wisely expended for this 
purpose it is not necessary, if possible, now to estimate. 

Attention was called in the last report to the fact that the 
limit of $500,000 which the State might be required to pay 
under the statute of 1890 in any one year, was likely to be 
exceeded by the demands of the extensive works in progress 
and in contemplation ; and such has proved to be the case the 
last year. Any apprehension of a deficiency in this direction 
has been removed, however, by a statute passed at the last 

* See note on preceding page. 



1897.] UNION PASSENGER STATION. . 41 

legislative session (St. 1896, c. 439), by which the unexpended 
balances of previous years are now made available at any time 
when required to meet expenditures under the act of 1890; 
and the advances on account of cities and towns are not to be 
included in. computing the annual amounts which may be paid 
under the act by the Commonwealth. Under the operation of 
this statute, the amount which may be drawn from the State 
treasury for the abolition of grade crossings under the general 
law of 1890, during the year 1897, will be in round numbers 
$2,437,000. 

Union Station on the South Side op Boston. 

The General Court at its last session passed an important 
special act (St. 1896, c. 516) entitled **-4n Act to provide for 
a Union Station for Passengers on Railroads entering the 
Southerly part of the city of Boston,^ The purpose and effect 
of the act are too familiar to require particular statement. 
With minute and voluminous detail, it provides in substance 
for the construction and maintenance of a union terminal pas- 
senger station, to be located on Summer street and Fort Point 
channel in the city proper, for the use of all the railroads 
entering Boston on the south ; and also for an ample passenger 
station or stations, to be located near Dartmouth street on the 
Back Bay, for the joint or separate use of the Boston & Provi- 
dence and the Boston & Albany railroad companies in the 
further accommodation of the travel on their lines. On the 
completion of the above stations, all of the now existing 
terminal stations on the south side of Boston are to be discon- 
tinued for passenger purposes, and the Park Square station is 
to be wholly abandoned for railroad uses. 

It is only of the union terminal station that we now have 
occasion to speak, and that with special reference to the plans 
for its construction. 

This new station is to be built and maintained by The Boston 
Terminal Company, a corporation created by the act for that 
purpose. The limits of the territory which the company is 
authorized to acquire, and upon which the terminal station is 
to be located, are exactly defined in section 5, as follows: — 

Beginning at the easterly corner of Atlantic avenue and a way 
called Summer street ; thence bounded by the northerly line of said 



i 



I 



42 BAILROAD CORPORATIONS. [Jan. 



way extended to Fort Point channel; thence by said channel to 
Broadway ; thence by Broadway to the westerly line of Lehigh street ; 
thence by the westerly line of Lehigh street and by Sooth street, 
Kneeland street and the westerly line of Cove street extended to 
i I Federal street ; thence by the westerly line of Federal street to Sum- 

mer street ; and thence across pablic ways to the point of beginning. 

1 

This section further expressly provides that the terminal 
company 

* 

\ may discontinue and occupy for its purposes all streets and rights of 

way embraced within the land so acquired. 

In lieu of the streets so discontinued, and in order to pro- 
vide convenient public access to the proposed station, it is 
enacted in section 11 that the city of Boston shall make the 
following changes in its streets and public places : — 

Lehigh street between South street and Broadway bridge shall be 
discontinued ; Cove street shall be widened to the width of at least 
one hundred feet, and extended at the width to which it may thus be 
widened to Summer street extended as required by this act ; all of 
Federal street between Essex street and Federal street bridge which 
is not embraced within land which the terminal company is author- 
ized to take, or which is not included in the above widening or ex- 
tending of Cove street, shall be discontinued ; Summer street shall be 
extended at least one hundred feet in width from Purchase street to 
the harbor commissioners' line ; Dorchester avenue shall be extended 
over Federal street bridge, and thence laid out at a width of ninety- 
two feet, upon land which the terminal company shall convey to the 
city without compensation, substantially parallel with the harbor 
commissioners' line, to Summer street so extended ; and . . • Albany 
I street and Broadway, and the bridges thereof over the Boston and 

I Albany tracks, shall be changed so as to enable the two southerly 

main tracks and two additional main tracks south of them to be ex- 
tended thereunder to the grounds of the terminal company; . • . 
provided^ however^ that the terminal company shall construct a bridge 
for the accommodation of foot passengers or a subway from the end 
of the new Cove street to meet Dorchester avenue at a convenient 
place, as determined by the railroad commissioners and street com- 
missioners sitting jointly, whenever said commissioners deem it nec- 
essary. 



1897.] UNION PASSENGER STATION. 43 

The Union Freight Railroad Company and the West End 
Street Railway Company are also reqaired, by sections 15 and 
16, to remove their tracks from Federal street where it now 
crosses the area in question, and to relocate them on Summer 
street, Dorchester avenue or Cove street, when extended and 
widened as above described. 

We come now to the plans for the station itself. Immedi- 
ately upon the organization of the terminal company, its trustees 
are required by section 6 to prepare plans and specifications for 
the construction upon the prescribed site of a union passenger 
station 

adequate for the business to be accommodated, and of such constrac- 
tion as may be best adapted for the accommodatioD of the companies 
and of the public, exhibiting its form, dimensions of walls, rooms and 
partitions, and arrangements, and its location with reference to the 
adjacent streets and to the tracks of all said railroad companies loca- 
ted or proposed to be located in the vicinity thereof, and any projec- 
tions over adjacent streets, so far as practicable. 

These plans, when completed, are to be submitted 

to the mayor of Boston for his approval, who shall forthwith approve 
or disapprove them in writing. The trustees shall then at once submit 
said plans to the board of railroad commissioners for its approval, and 
said board, after notice to the railroad companies and to the mayor of 
Boston, and a hearing, shall approve the plans, or order such changes 
thereof as in their judgment the safety and convenience of the public 
and the interests of all said railroad companies require. Said station 
shall be constructed by the terminal company according to the plans 
thus approved by the board of railroad commissioners, or as the same 
may be changed as hereinafter provided. 

With reference to subsequent changes in the plans, it is 
enacted in section 7 that 

the trustees of the terminal company may from time to time propose 
to the mayor of Boston any changes in said plans, and the mayor 
shall forthwith approve or disapprove such changes in writing ; and 
the trustees shall then at once submit such changes to the board of 
railroad commissioners, who, after notice to the mayor and to the rail- 



1" 

I 

I 

r 



I! 

» 

t 
I 



'J 



U RAILROAD CORPORATIONS. [Jan. 



road companieB, and a heariog, shall approve tbe sanie, or order such 

modifications thereof as in their judgment the safety and convenience 

ijl of the pnblic and the interests of all said railroad companies require. 



We have traced thus at length the provisions of the act 
regarding the location of the station, the right of the terminal 
company to discontinue all existing streets and ways within the 
limits of the authorized site, the substitution of other streets 
and ways, and the planb for the station itself, because all of 
these provisions have a bearing upon the question now before 
the Board. We have regarded the duty imposed upon the 
Board with respect to the approval of the plans as a responsible 
one ; and it may be proper to state the view which we have 
taken as to the extent of our powers under the act, and the 
reasons which have governed our action in the premises. 

The plans called for by section 6 of the act, having been 
approved by the mayor of Boston, were filed in the office 
of the Board and submitted for its approval on the 22nd of 
December just passed. After notice to the parties named in 
the act and general notice by advertisement, public hearings 
were given on December 27 and by adjournment on two sub- 
sequent days, at which a large number of persons were present, 
and all who desired were heard in person or by counsel. 

The plans, of which a detailed description would exceed the 
limits of this report, appear to be the result of careful and 
prolonged study by architects, engineers and practical railroad 
men, upon the ground. The great stations of this and other 
countries have also been visited and studied for such light or 
suggestions as they might afford. The exterior of the station, 
BO far as we may judge from the elevation, will be imposing 
and handsome. The interior and general arrangements are 
designed with a view to the ample accommodation and comfort 
of the travelling public, and to the convenient, safe and ex- 
peditious handling of terminal traffic, not only for the present 
but for years to come. The plans as a whole are conceived on 
a large and liberal scale. The cost of the station, including 
land, auxiliary buildings and structures, equipments, and all 
the apparatus and appurtenances of a completed terminal plant, 
w:ill probably not be less than $10,000,000, exclusive of the 
expenditures to be incurred by the city of Boston under the act. 



1897.] UNION PASSENGER STATION. 45 

A noticeable feature of the general plan is the provision of 
a double track loop or circuit system for the special accommo- 
dation of suburban trains to be run by electric or other motive 
power not involving smoke or noxious gases. The operation 
of this system is intended to be independent of the through or 
main track system, though in case of accident or emergency the 
two systems may be used interchangeably. The loop tracks 
are designed to occupy a lower or basen>ent level in the station, 
and to be so arranged that in approaching and leaving the sta- 
tion they shall not cross the main tracks at grade ; thereby 
avoiding, so far as the suburban trains are concerned, the con- 
gestion which is liable to occur at the crucial point where the 
main tracks must cross each other in order to reach the multi- 
plied tracks in the station house. The dispatch of suburban 
trains by the loop tracks may also be more rapid and frequent, 
since no reversal of these trains would be necessary. This du- 
plicate system may evidently add largely to the capacity of the 
station, and to the facilities for handling with safety and expe- 
dition both suburban and through traffic* 

There was at the hearings no serious criticism of the details 
of the plans or of the general arrangements of the station, 
Badical objection was, however, made to the approval of the 
plans as a whole, on the ground of the lack of provision for 
some suitable avenue of public travel across the terminal site ; 
and it was earnestly contended that the plans ought to be mod- 
ified so as to require, or at least so as at some future time to 
permit, the laying out of such public way across the location, 
passing under the terminal tracks. The extension in this man- 
ner of Kneeland street to the Mt. Washington avenue bridge 
was specially favored as a feasible method of accomplishing the 
desired result. 

The facts adduced in support of this appeal were in substance 
these : The terminal site extends along Fort Point channel from 
Broadway to Summer street, a distance of three-fifths of a mile. 
By the plans submitted, it will cut ofi* for its entire length all 
street communication between South Boston and the city proper. 
Federal street, now the direct and important avenue to the busi- 

* The credit for the saggestion of the loop or circa it system is given bj the Terminal 
Company to Mr. Tilly Haynes, of Boston, though by his plan the loop tracks were to be 
on the same level with the main tracks. 



i 



46 RAILROAD CORPORATIOXS. [Jan, 

ness and commercial centres of the city, is to be taken away. 
The extension of Dorchester avenue, the proposed substitate, 
will be so deflected that all travel and traffic by this route must 
pass around the northerly extremity of the station site at Sum- 
mer street, thereby causing, in combination with other travel 
and traffic at this point, great congestion in front of the station. 
The result, it was urged, must be serious injury to all the in- 
terests which depend on direct and convenient lines of highway 
i travel and transportation between the city and South Boston, to 

j property deprived of the access which the existing thorough- 

L fares afibrd, and to the convenience and safety of the public in 

the use of the station itself. 

That these conditions, unless some remedy can be found, con- 
stitute a grave objection to the general terminal plan, requires 
no argument ; and we have given to them all the consideration 
and weight which it has seemed to us that they could properly 
receive at our hands. 

It must be obvious, however, that most of the objections 
referred to lie rather against the location of the station than 
against the plans for its construction. There have been, as is 
I well known, wide differences of opinion with regard to the 

wisdom of locating the station at this particular point, or in 
this section of the city. The location of the station has, how- 
ever, after full discussion and deliberation, been definitely fixed 
by the Legislature itself; and it is not for this Board to revise 
, its decision. 

j The Legislature has also definitely settled the question of 

I streets and public ways* It has expressly enacted that all ex- 

isting streets and rights of way upon the terminal site may be 
I discontinued ; and it would be presumptuous for us to assume 

^ that they ought to be retained. The Legislature has moreover 

exactly prescribed what avenues and streets shall be laid out, 
extended or widened, in lieu of those discontinued ; and has in 
]>articular provided that, for purposes of transit across the ter- 
minal gfimndMf a bridge for foot passengers or a subway may 
{ lie coDHtmcted trom the end of the new Cove street to meet 

! Dorchester avenue* The entire ground has thus been covered 

! by express le^iMlative enactment, not only as regards the streets 

1 and ways whfirh shall skirt iho station site, but as to those which 

I may f ravi^rse It ; and no discretion has been given to any sub- 



1897.] UNION PASSENGER STATION. - 47 

ordinate board or authority to determine that other or different 
public ways shall be provided. 

We are clear, therefore » that neither the location of the sta- 
tion, nor the lay-out of the streets and ways adjacent to or 
across the station site, is among the features of the plan which, 
by the specifications of the act or by any fair construction of 
its terms, it is our province to deal with. We cannot properly 
approve or disapprove a plan for the construction of the sta- 
tion on the ground that it does or does not in our opinion make 
adequate provision for public highway travel, any more than 
because we think that it does or does not locate the station in 
the right place. 

It was, however, further insisted that, even if the Board has 
no immediate power to prescribe a public way as a feature of 
the station plan, it should recognize the necessity for such a 
way across the station site, and should approve only such a plan 
as would admit of the laying out of a way of this kind by some 
competent authority hereafter. As between two plans which 
were shown to be equally advantageous in other respects to the 
travelling public and to the railroad companies, we agree that 
it might be competent for the Board to approve the one be- 
cause it did, and to reject the other because it did not, provide 
for or permit the laying out of a needed public way ; but this 
alternative has hardly, as we think, been offered in the present 
case. Allowance for the suggested extension of Kneeland 
street across the terminal site, would involve at least two essen- 
tial changes in the construction of the station. First, it would 
require the raising of the main tracks at Kneeland street five 
feet, and in the station proper not less than three feet. This 
would necessitate stairs or steps for access to the main floor of 
the station, which the plans submitted wholly avoid. Again, 
the laying out of any public way to pass under the main tracks, 
would involve the entire abandonment of the basement system 
of loop or suburban tracks. It has not seemed to us to be 
wise or expedient that these changes should be made. We 
have therefore found ourselves unable to accede to the views 
80 earnestly and ably presented in behalf of the remonstrants. 

With some modifications, enlarging the facilities for entering 
and leaving the station, which were readily assented to by the 
architect and engineer, we have accordingly approved the plans 



n 



48 EAILROAD CORPORATIONS. [Jan. 

submitted, as on the whole providing for a station which will 
be, in the language of the statute, <^ adequate for the busi- 
ness to be accommodated, and of such construction as may I>e 
best adapted for the accommodation of the companies and of 
the public.'' 

Since the hearings in this case were closed, it has been pub- 
licly announced that under the act (St. 1896, c. 535) providing 
for the elimination of the grade crossing of Congress street 
with the tracks of the New England railroad in South Boston, 
the special commission appointed by the court has decided, 
with the assent of all the parties to the proceedings, to discon- 
tinue Congress street across the railroad terminal grounds, and 
in substitution therefor to lay out a new avenue of ample width, 
crossing the railroad grounds by an overhead bridge or cause* 
way, and crossing Fort Point channel by a new bridge, to the 
foot of Summer street as extended under the station act; 
thence along the harbor commissioners' line on the westerly 
side of the channel, to Congress street ; and thence by Con- 
gress street widened, to Atlantic avenue. It is apparent that 
this might materially relieve the pressure of traffic on Summer 
street in front of the union station, and might otherwise im- 
prove the facilities for communication with South Boston by 
the lines of travel which run east of the station. The widen- 
ing of Albany street from Broadway to Beach street, and the 
discontinuance of the use of Albany street for the handling of 
railroad freight, might furnish still further accommodation and 
relief, by affording an improved and convenient avenue of com- 
munication running west of the station. 



Private Ways at Grade. 

Attention has been called in previous reports to the fact that 
there is no systematic provision in our railroad law for the 
alteration or elimination of the grade crossings of railroads by^ 
private ways, whatever may be their origin or character. Pro- 
vision is made, it is true, by St. 1894, c. 216, for the change or 
discontinuance of a private way ** in connection with the aboli- 
tion of the grade crossing " of a public way ; but this applies 
only to the rare and exceptional cases where it may become 
necessary to change or discontinue a private way as an incident 
to the abolition of a public grade crossing. 



1897.] PRIVATE GRADE CROSSINGS. 49 

The public necessity and convenience may evidently require 
the discontinuance of a grade crossing with a private way for 
the same reason as in the case of a public way ; that is to say, 
upon the ground of the safety of public travel. There is no 
question that railroad operation is obstructed and the safety of 
travel by railroad more or less endangered by the existence of 
private crossings at grade. This fact was recognized by the 
passage a few years ago of a statute (chapter 275 of the Acts 
of 1892) which provides in brief but emphatic terms that *' No 
right of way across any railroad track or location which is in 
use for railroad purposes, shall hereafter be acquired by pre- 
scription." This statute was evidently designed, however, to 
operate as a preventive rather than as a cure ; for it is added 
that << nothing herein contained shall affect any existing right 
of way." 

There appears to be no substantial reason why a private right 
of way across a railroad should be regarded in a different light 
from other adjacent private property. A railroad company, 
under a familiar general law of this State, may take land or 
materials outside its location for making or securing its road, 
for depot or station purposes, or for additional tracks, within 
such limits as the county commissioners, after notice to the 
owner, may prescribe. It would not seem to be a greater 
hardship, or invasion of the right of the owner, to change or 
discontinue his private way across the railroad, under the reg- 
ulation of some statute making due provision for an adjudica- 
tion by the county commissioners, or by a special commission 
appointed by a court, that the public safety and convenience 
so require, and making as full provision for the assessment 
and payment of the damages sustained by the owner as in the 
case of the taking of his land. 

Long stretches of our railroads are being freed from high- 
way grade crossings, the companies bearing much the larger 
burden of the cost, not merely that the traveller on the high- 
way may be more secure, but that the multitude who travel by 
rail may be conveyed with greater safety and dispatch. Some 
just and lawful method of relieving the obstruction and danger 
to travel caused by private grade crossings also seems to be 
desirable, and to be in harmony with the general policy of our 
legislation on this subject. 



50 



RAILROAD CORPORATIONS. 



[Jan. 



Summary Statkmbht of Financial Condition and Business 

Oferations. 

On the foliowing pages a sammary account is given of the 
financial condition of the railroad corporations of this State at 
the close of the last railroad year, June 30, 1896, with the 
results of their business operations during that year, and a 
comparison of the same with previous years. The earnings 
and expenses of the leading corporations of the State are also 
compared in some of their details. Tabulated statements of 
the condition and operations of each of the railroad corporations 
of the State for the last year will be found in the Appendix to 
this report. 

Assets and Liabilities. 

The gross assets of the companies, June 30, 1896, were 
$380,502,834.62. The several classes of assets, and the in- 
crease in each class as compared with 1895, appear in the 
following table : — 

Ghross Assets^ June 30, 1895 and 1896. 



ASSETS. 


1999. 


1999. 

$275,545,425 


Increase. 


Constmction, 


$269,586,601 


$5,958,824 


Eqnipment, .... 


32,127,764 


32,065,611 


62,153* 


I^nds and buildings, . 


2,090,083 


2,541,973 


451,890 


Stocks in ofiier companies, . 


24,005,024 


27,798,549 


3,793,525 


Bonds of other companies, . 


1,296,261 


9,316,998 


8,020,737 


Other permanent property, . 


2,143,449 


2,630,229 


4H6,780 


Cash and current assets. 


20,609,219 


20,247,237 


261,982* 


Miscellaneous assets, . 


8,881,257 


10,356,813 


1,475,556 


Gross Assets, . 


$360,639,658 


$380,502335 


$19,863,177 



* Decrease. 



The gross liabilities at the same date, including capital stock 
but excluding sinking and other special funds, were $3639623,- 
710.18. The several kinds of liabilities, and the increase of 
each as compared with 1895, are shown in the next table : — 



1897 .] 



ASSETS AND LIABILITIES. 



51 



Gross LiabaUies, June 30, 1895 and 1896. 



LIABILITIES. 


1996. 

1 


1999. 


InereaM. 


Capital stock, 


$193,506,847 


$205,105,977 


$11,599,130 


Funded debt. 


128,991,353 


132,202,380 


3,211,027 


Real estate mortgages. 


952,100 


861,300 


90,800* 


Current liabilities. 


21,089,567 


23,203,979 


2,114,412 


Accrued liabilities, 


2,199,653 


2,250,074 


50,421 


Gross Liabilities.f . 


$346,739,520 


$363,628,710 


$16,884,190 


Surplus, .... 


13,900,138 


16379,125 


2,978,987 


Sinking and special ftinds, • 


5,077,668 


5,334,366 


256,698 



* Decrease. 



t Exclnsive of sinking and other special fnnds. 



A comparison of the foregoing tables shows that while there 
was a gain over the previous year of $19,863,177 in gross assets, 
there was an increase of but $16,884,190 in gross liabilities — 
a balance of $2,978,987 in favor of assets, enlarging by that 
amount the aggregate surplus of the companies. 

The gross assets, the gross liabilities including capital stock, 
and the surplus of the companies, with the percentage of surplus 
to capital stock, at the end of each of the last ten years, are 
given in the table below : — 



Gross Assets^ Liabilities and Surplus for Ten YearSy 1887-1896. 



YEARS. 




Oro«8 Asaets. 


Qrost Liabilities. 


Surplus. 


Per Cent 

Surplus to 

CapiUL 


1887,. 


$271,339,415 


1 

$258,576,435 


$12,762,980 


8.48 


1888, . 






279,117,238 


267,176,252 


11,940,986 


7.90 


1889, . 






284,297,887 


273,787,864 


10,510,023 


6*92 


1890, . 






292,008,967 


279,164,416 


12,844,551 


8.17 


1891,. 






801,185,709 


289,530,588 


11,655,121 


7.86 


1892, . 






807,634,377 


295,157,876 


12,476,501 


7.15 


1893, . 






384,724,845 


320,551,082 


14,173,813 


7.60 


1894, . 






353,362,317 


842,060,944 


11,301,373 


5.89 


1895,. 






360,689,658 


346,739,520 


13,900,138 ; 

1 


7.18 


1896, . 






380,502,835 


863,623,710 


16,879,124 


8.28 


Avera] 


?es, . 


$316,481,325 


$308,636,864 


$12,844,461 


7.47 



52 



RAILROAD CORPORATIONS. 



[Jan. 



I 

i 



Ingomk and Expenditures. 

The total income of the companies from all sources, for the 
year ending June 30, 1896, was $82,243,421.50, and the total 
expenditures, including dividends paid, were $81,878,668.85 — 
leaving a net balance of $364,752.65 to 1)e added to surplus 
account. 

The sources of total income, and the amount derived from 
each source as compared with the previous year, were as 
follows : — 

Total Income, 1895 and 1896. 



INXX>ME. 1S99. 1896. 


Inerea»c. 


Gross eammgs from operadon, . 
Rentals from lease of road, 
Income from other sourees, 


$68,154,906 

5,588,962 

848338 


$74,886,480 
5,725,094 
1,631,848 


$6,731,674 
141,182 
788,010 


Total Income, 


$74,587,706 


$82,243,422 


$7,655,716 






The items of total expenditure, with the surplus for the year, 
and the increase in each item over the previous year, are shown 



in the following table : — 



Total Expenditures^ 1895 and 1896. 



EXPENDITCIiES. 


1S99. 


1S96. 


Increase. 


Expenses of operation. 


$46 446,304 


$52,362,382 


$5,916,078 


Interest on debt and loans, . 


6,423,859 


6,889.381 


465,522 


JLHrAeS, •••••• 


8.527,821 


3,683,391 


155,570 


Rentals of leased roads, 


6,723,569 


7,445,441 


721,872 


Other charges on income, . 


140,134 


237,080 


96,946 


Dividends paid, .... 


11,364,565 


11,260,994 


103,57 !• 


Total Expenditures, . • 


$74,626,252 


$81,878,669 


$7,252,417 


Surplus for the year, . 


38,546(2 


364,763 


408,299 



(i Deficit. 



1897.] CAPITAL STOCK AND DIVIDENDS. 



53 



Capital Stock and Dividends. 

The aggregate capital stock of the forty-nine Massachusetts 
corporations, June 30, 1896, was $205,105,977.35 — a net 
increase of $11,599,130.00 over the previous year, resulting 
from additions and deductions in the case of the following 
companies : — 



Additions : — 
Boston & Lowell, 
Cape Ann Granite, 
Central Massachosetts, common, 
Central Massachusetts, preferred, 
Nantucket Central, 
New England, common. 
New England, preferred, . 
New York, New Haven & Hartford, 
Old Colony, .... 



Total additions to capital stock, 

Deductions : — 
New York & Boston Inland (time for construction lapsed). 
New York & New England (foreclosed), common, . 
New York A New England (foreclosed), preferred, . 

Total deductions from capital stock, .... 



•200,000 00 

3,600 00 

1,000 00 

1,890 00 

18,000 00 

20,000,000 00 

6,000,000 00 

9,682300 00 

800.000 00 

$86,666,690 00 



•189,960 00 

20,000,000 00 

8317,600 00 

•28,957,660 00 



Net increase of capital stock, • 11,699, 180 00 

During the year ending June 30, 1898, the Board authorized 
and approved, under chapter 462 of the Acts of 1894, issues 
of capital stock by the several companies, and for the several 
amounts, shown in the following table : — 



Issues of Capital Stock Authorized by the Board. 



KAILROAD COMPANIES. 



Oate when Authorized. 



Amount 
Authorized. 



Boston & Lowell, . 
Fitchborg (preferred), 
Nantucket Central, . 
Old Colony, . 
Old Colony, . 



Total amount authorized. 



March 3, 1896, 
October 9, 1895, 
December 5, 1895, 
August 26, 1895, 
June 1, 1896, 



$200,000 

860,000 

18,000 

600,000 

200,000 



•1,378,000 



54 



BAILEOAD CORPORATIONS- 



[Jan. 



Dividends, 

The total amount of cash dividends declared the last year 
was $11,260,993.75 — a decrease of $103,571.05 from the 
previous year. Thirty-two out of the forty-nine corporations 
declared dividends varying in rate from 1 to 10 per cent, and 
seventeen paid no dividends. 

Four companies paid 10 per cent ; three paid 9 per cent ; 
three paid 8 per cent ; six paid 7 per cent ; five paid 6 per 
cent ; two paid 5 per cent ; one paid 4| per cent ; two paid 
4 per cent; one paid 4 per cent on preferred; one paid 3^ 
per cent; two paid 3 per cent; one paid 2\ per cent on 
preferred ; and one paid 1 per cent. 

The amount of dividend-paying capital was $164,950,142.33, 
on which the average rate of dividend was 6.83 per cent. The 
amount of capital yielding no dividend was $40,155,835.02. 
Including the latter, the average dividend on the whole amount 
of capital stock outstanding at the end of the year, was 5.49 
per cent. Computed (as it more properly might be) on the 
mean amount of capital outstanding at the beginning and end 
of the year, this rate would be 5.65 per cent. 



ChpUal Stocky Net Income and Dividends^ 1887-1896. 



YEASfl. 


Capital Stock. 


Net Divisible 
Income. 


Casta DtTidends 
Declared. 


Peroentagv 

on Total Cap- 

lUI Stock. 


1887, . 

1888, . 

1889, . 

1890, . 

1891, . 

1892, . 

1893, . 

1894, . 

1895, . 

1896, . 






1150,469,414 
151,076,704 
151,781,704 
157,243,516 
158,488,426 
174,513,552 
186,440,423 
191,892,697 
193,506,847 
205,105,977 


$8352,422 

7,380342 

9,041,770 

10,730,078 

9,629307 

10,168,081 

12,060302 

9,880^69 

11,326,019 

11,625,746 


17350,902 

7,986,226 

7380367 

8,450,560 

9,013317 

9,529375 

10332,400 

11,204380 

11364365 

11,260,994 


5.02 

4.86 
5.87 
5.69 
5.46 
5.S1 
6.S4 
5.87 
6.40 


Averagi 


B8, . 


1172,051,926 


•9,969369 


•9,457364 


6.60 



1897.] FUNDED AND FLOATING DEBT. 65 

The average dividend on the capital stock of the thirty- 
four leased roads was 6.25 per cent, while that on the capital 
stock of the operating roads was only 5.20 per cent. 

The preceding table gives the total capital stock outstanding 
at the end of the year ; the net income available for dividends 
(after paying all expenses, taxes, interest, rentals and other 
charges) ; the amount of cash diyidends declared, and the 
average percentage on total capital stock, for each of the last 
ten years. 

Funded and Floating Debt. 

The aggregate funded debt of the companies, June 30, 1896, 
was $132,202,380.21 — a net increase of $3,211,027.24 over 
the previous year, resulting from additions and deductions in 
the case of the following companies : — 

Additions : — 

Central Massachusetts, $100,000 00 

KantQcket Central, 17,000 00 

New England, 16,505,000 00 

New York New Haven & Hartford. 8,224,400 00 

Old Colony. 908,000 00 

— ^SBaiaa «^HM. «Ma.B.> 

Total additions to funded debt, .... $20,749,400 00 

Deductions : — 

Boston & Albany, $46,000 00 

Boston & Lowell, 11,000 00 

Boston & Maine, 89,500 00 

Chatham, 2,500 00 

Fitchburg, 201,000 00 

Hoosac Tunnel & Wilmington, 74,000 00 

New York & New England (foreclosed), .... 17,106^72 76 

Worcester, Nashua & Bxx;hester, 8,000 00 

Total deductions from funded debt, . . . • $17,588,872 76 
Netincreaseof funded debt, $3,211,027 24 

During the year ending June 30, 1896, the Board authorized 
and approved, under chapter 462 of the Acts of 1894, issues of 
bonds by the companies, and for the amounts, named in the 
following table : — 



56 



RAILROAD CORPORATIONS. 



[Jan. 



Itauea ofBonda AtUhoraed by the Board, 



RAILR0.U> COMPANIES. 


Date whan AatboriMd. 


Amoant 
Aathorlsad. 


Boston & Lowell, 

Central Massachusetts, .... 

Fitchburg 

Nantucket Central, .... 

Old Colony, 

Old Colony, 

Old Colony, 


March 17, 1896, 
December 31, 1895, 
June 22, 1896, 
December 5, 1895, 
March 10, 1896, 
April 4, 1896, 
June 2, 1896, 
• • • • 


$750,000 

100,000 
500,000 
17,000 
900,000 
250,000 
850,000 


Total amount authorized. 


$3,367,000 



The amoant of real estate mortgages outstanding June 30, 
1896, was $861,300 — a redaction of $90,800 from the pre- 
vious year. 

The total unfunded debt, including the above mortgages, was 
$26,315,352.62 —an increase of $2,074,032.83 over the previ- 
ous year. 

The gross debt, funded and unfunded, was $158,517,732.83 
— an increase of $5,285,060.07. 



Funded^ Unfunded, Gross and Net Debtj 1887-1896. 



YEARfl. 




Funded Debt, 


Unrtinded Debt* 


Ohm* Debt 


Xet Debtf 


1887, 




$92,944,254 


115,162,767 


1108,107,021 


$81,646,095 


1888, 






99,115,622 


16,983,926 


116,099,548 


92,088,751 


1889, 






100,404,870 


21.601.290 


122,006,160 


106,092,583 


1890, 






102,718.868 


19,202,031 


121,920,899 


104,715,045 


1891, 






106,158,021 


24,884,141 


131,042,162 


112.142,466 


1892, 






100,108,797 


20,535,527 


120,644,324 


101,670,609 


1898, 






108,468,211 


25,642,398 


134,110,609 


115,003,021 


1894, 






126,646,016 


23,522,230 


150,168,246 


129,977,773 


1895, 






128,991,353 


24,241,320 


153,232,673 


132,723.454 


1896, 






132,202,380 


26,315353 


158,517,733 


138,270.496 



* IndndiDg reip estate mortgageB. f Oroes debt less cash and coirent asiets. 



1897.] 



VOLUME OF TRAFFIC. 



57 



The net debt (the gross debt less $20,247,236.70 of cash and 
current assets) was $138,270,496.13 — an increase of $5,547,- 
042.26. In computing the net debt, the sum of $10,356,812.71 
returned under the head of ** miscellaneous assets," covering 
materials and supplies on hand, etc., is not included with cash 
and current assets in the deduction from gross debt. 

The funded debt, unfunded debt, gross debt and net debt, 
for each of the last ten years, are shown in the last pre- 



ceding table. 



Volume of Traffic. 



Jh^tn Mileage. 

The total number of miles run by passenger trains the last 
year, on the roads of all the companies, was 26,392,246 — 
an increase of 2,089,446 miles over the previous year; by 
freight trains, 18,354,625 — an increase of 1,334,774 miles; 
and by all other trains, 12,610,907 — an increase of 2,027,934 
miles. 

The total number of miles run by trains of all kinds was 
57,357,778 — an increase of 5,452,154 miles over the previous 
year. 

The mileage of passenger, freight and other trains, for each 
of the last ten years, is stated in the following table : — 



Train Mileage for Ten Years^ 1887^1896. 









i 


3flLKS KL'N BT 




Total Train 


il&Ana. 


Passenger 
Trains. 


Freight Trains. 


other Trains. 

• 


Mileage. 


1887, 
1888, 
1889, 
1890, 
1891, 
1892, 
1898, 
1894, 
1895, 
1896, 






18,522,488 
90,262,326 
20,816,766 
21,020,064 
22,288,108 
23,548,735 
26,041,883 
25.118,810 
24,302«800 
26,392,246 


13,057,794 
13,693,603 
14,008,891 
15,306,155 
16,727,141 
17,466,057 
19,172,518 
16,932,335 
17,019,851 
18,354,625 


7,810,797 

8^38,740 

8,756,766 

9,122,146 

9,966,435 

10,350,670 

12,218,041 

11,166,135 

10,582,978 

12,610,907 


39,391,079 
42,494,669 
43,082,423 
45,448,365 
48,981,684 
51,365,462 
57,426,942 
53,217,280 
51,905,624 
57,857,778 



RAILROAD CORPORATIONS. 



[Jan. 



Passenger Traffic. 

The total number of passengers carried the last year was 
111,629,051 — an increase of 3,772,703 paesengers over the 
previous year. Each passenger trarelled on the average a 
distance of 15.89 miles, making the total passenger mileage 
1,773,733,208 — an increase of 137,535,827 miles, or passen- 
gers carried one mile, over the previous year. 

The total volame of passenger traffic for each of the last ten 
years is shown in the following table : — 



Fuaaenger Mileage for Ten Tears, 1887-1896. 


TKU0. 


.(E^Lnn 


(MOM.) 


Tout ?>««•« 


1837 

1888. 

1889 

1890 

1891 

1892 

1893 

1894. 

1896 

1896, 


82,9SS,864 
89.686,412 
9S,fl89,S99 
98,848,713 
107,271342 
110,915,454 
119.779.947 
109.434,184 
107366348 
111339,051 


14.98 
14.63 
14.50 
14.75 
14.26 
14.36 
14.66 
14.86 
16.17 
16.89 


1,342,031378 
1303394,02s 
1366,381381 
1,458,149388 
1328,234,020 
1391,796,262 
1,744388368 
1324369,781 
1,636.197381 
1.773.733,208 



The next table gives the annual number of passengers carried 
to and from Boston on the railroads which have a terminus la 





PoMvngera to andfrora. Boeton, 1887-1896 




TXARS. 


otrMMM*!*- 


TEUS. 


ofPwufn. 


1887. 




41310395 


1892 


54.151359 


1888, 




41327392 


189S. .... 


56381341 


1889, 




46,176,107 


1894 


52,756,601 


1890, 




48.072,476 


1896 


52,015381 


1891, 




614IM30S 


1896 


5S.499395 



1897.] 



DENSITY OF TRAFFIC. 



59 



this city, includiag the Boston, Revere Beach & Lynn, for each 
of the last ten years. 

The number of these passengers the last year, though 14,916,- 
539 greater than ten years ago, was 3,081,846 less than three 
years ago. 

Freight Traffic. 

The total number of tons of freight hauled on all the roads 
tile last year was 34,605,838 — an increase of 3,747,665 tons 
over the previous year. Each ton of freight was hauled on 
the average a distance of 83.18 miles, making the total freight 
mileage 2,878,369,521 — an increase of 316,770,640 miles, or 
tons hauled one mile, over the previous year. 

The following table gives the total volume of freight traffic 
for each of the last ten years : — 



Freight Mileage for Ten Years, 1887-1896. 



YEARS. 



Kamtor 

ofToniofFrelgbt 

Banled. 



Avorage Hani. 
(MUat.) 



ToUI Freight 
MUe«g«. 



1887, . . . . . 

1888 

1889, 

1890, 

1891 

1892, 

1898, 

1894, 

1896, 

lo*7D, i( a • • • 



84,606,140 
26,787,883 
26,482,103 
27,944,601 
29,181,694 
81,181,146 
82,996,088 
27,878,660 
30,868,173 
84,606338 



60.88 
66.38 
69.62 
70.73 
71.06 
72.01 
78.68 
79.90 
83.01 
83.18 



1,617,932,012 
1,686,923,614 
1,771,681,781 
1,976,652,769 
2,078,437,666 
2,241,776,988 
2,431,081,708 
2,187,604,182 
2,661,698381 
2378,369,621 



Deneity of Traffic. 

By ''density of traffic" is meant the average annual num- 
ber of passengers or tons of freight carried one mile per 
total mile of railroad operated. The density of traffic on a 
railroad system, other things being equal, is a measure of its 
earning capacity. 

The following table shows the density of passenger traffic 
and freight traffic, and of both combined, during the last year, 



60 



RAILROAD CORPORATIONS. 



[Jan. 



on all of the Massachusetts railroads taken together, and on 
the five leading roads in detail : — 



Density of Passenger and Freight Traffic. 



KAUROAD COHPANIBS. 


Carried One Iflto 

per Mile of 
Boed Operated. 


Tons of Freight 
Carried One Mile 

per Mile of 
Boad Operated. 


Total Fas- 

sengers and Tons 

of Freight so 

Carried. 


All Massachusetts companies, . 
Boston & Albany, 
Boston & Maine, 

Fitchbnrg, 

New England, .... 
N. Y., New Haven & Hartford, . 


875,299 
595,090 
295,678 
270,799 
148,775 
588,500 


609,025 
1,129,401 

898318 
1,208,788 

504,988 

578,542 


984,824 
1,724,491 

689,491 
1,474,582 

648,718 
1,117.042 



Oomparative Passenger and Freight Revenue, 

In the Middle States, and in the United States taken as a 
whole, about seven-tenths of the revenue from railroad opera- 
tion is derived from the freight service, and only about three- 
tenths from the passenger service. The Massachusetts com- 
panies, on the contrary, as will be seen in the following table, 
derive their aggregate earnings about half and half from pas- 
sengers and from freight. The varying proportions of the five 
leading companies for the last year are also shown in the 
table : — 



Comparative Percentages of Passenger and Freight Revenue. 



EABNINGS FROM 
OPERATION. 



AU Massa- 
chusetts 
Roads. 



Boston A 
Albany. 



Boston A 
Maine. 



Fltchburg. 



New 
England. 



Passenger revenue, 

Freight revenue, . 

Other earnings, . 

Total, . 



New York 

Now 
'Haren & 
Hartford. 



Per CcnL 


Per Cent. 


Percent. 


Per Cent. 


Per Cent. 


43.60 


61.17 


49.35 


32.73 


36.10 


50.59 


46.65 


50.58 


66.40 


68.55 


.81 


2.18 


.07 


.87 


.35 


100.00 


100.00 


100.00 


100.00 


100.00 



Per Cent. 

53.63 

45.39 

.98 

100.00 



1897.] 



EARNINGS AND EXPENSES. 



61 



It will be seen from the foregoing tables that, of the five 
leading Massachusetts railroads, the Boston & Albany has the 
greatest density of traffic ; and that the New York, New Haven 
& Hartford is the more distinctively a passenger road, and the 
Fitchburg the more distinctively a freight road. 

Earnings and Expenses of Operation. 

The gross earnings and expenses of operation the last year 
are classified and compared with those of the previous year, 
in the following table : — 

Earnings and Expenses of Operation, 1895 and 1896. 



EAKNIXOS AND EXPENSES. 1895. 

1 


1S96. 


IncreaBC. 


Revenue from passengers, 

from mails, express, etc., . 
Revenue from freight, . 

from elevators, etc , . 
Other earnings from operation, 


129,181,411 

4,264,907 

32,819,627 

862,936 

1,076,026 


♦81,691,273 

4,708,750 

36,717,007 

1,168,065 

606,385 


(2,559,862 

488,843 

3,897,380 

305,129 

469,640* 


Gross earnings from operation, 
Operating expenses, 


(68,154,906 
46,446,304 


(74386,480 
52,362,882 


(6,731,574 
5,916,078 


Net earnings from operation, . 


(21,708,602 


(22,524,098 


(815,496 

1 



Decrease. 



Earnings from Operation for Ten Years, 1887-1896, 



YEARS. 


Revenue from 
Passenger Service. 


Revenue from 
Freight Service. 


other Earnings 
from Operation.* 


1887, .... 


(25,285,786 69 


(24,782,921 65 


- 


1888, 








27,368,655 77 


26,351,379 06 


- 


1889, 








28,154,549 42 


27,064,063 57 


(638,287 86 


1890, 










29,437,711 97 


29,225,214 19 


567,834 46 


1891, 










30,938,054 43 


29,732,723 80 


812,326 10 


1892, 










32,211,738 19 


30,878,349 99 


1.053,203 48 


1893, 










35,579,616 24 


84,360,751 76 


995,561 70 


1894, 










88,252,620 59 


29,812,094 89 


1,063,707 55 


1895, 










33,396,318 74 


33,682,561 97 


1,076,025 34 


1896, 










36,395,023 53 


37385,071 52 


606,384 87 



* Not reported separately, but indaded in the other colnnms, until 1889. 



62 



RAILROAD CORPORATIONS. 



[Jan. 



The gross revenue of the companies from passenger service 
and freight service respectively, and the other earnings from 
operation, for each of the past ten years, are shown in the last 
table on the preceding page. 

Percentage of Operating JEa^aenses to Gross Earnings. 

The following table gives the gross earnings from operation, 
and the percentage of operating expenses to gross earnings, for 
each year of the same period : — 



PercenUige of Operating Expenses to Earnings^ 1887-1896, 





Oross Earnings 
firom Operation. 


Operating 
Expenses. 


Percentage 

of Expenses to 

Earnings. 


Xet Earnings 
from Operation. 


1887,. 
1888,. 
1889. . 
1890.. 
1891,. 
1892, . 
1893. . 
1894, . 
1895, . 
1896, . 






(50,068,658 
58,720,085 
55,856,901 
59,280,761 
61,488,104 
64,143,287 
70,935,930 
64,128,423 
68,154,906 
74386,480 


♦84,160,781 
37,856,615 
37,652,736 
39,660,713 
42,432,068 
44,690,012 
49,503,963 
44,464,805 
46,446,304 
52,362,382 


68.28 

70.47 

67.41 
AA on 

68.01 
68.67 
68.79 
68.84 
68.15 
69.82 


$15,907,877 
15,863,420 
18.204,165 
19,570,048 
19,051,041 
ia.453,275 
21,431,967 
19,663,618 
21,708,602 
22,524,098 


Avera, 


ges, . 


162,260,848 


•42,923,037 


68.84 


(19,377,811 



Earnings and Eoiypenses per Mile of Road Operated. 

The average gross earnings and expenses of operation per 
total mile of road operated by all of the companies taken to- 
gether, and by the five standard-gauge roads which terminate 
in Boston taken as a group, are given for each of the last ten 
years in the following table : — 



1897.] 



EARNINGS AND EXPENSES. 



6a 



Earnings and Expenses per Mile ofSoad Operated, 1887—1896. 











OS088 Eaexikgs. 


OPBKATIXa EXPKXSKS. 


YXLAJIS. 


All Roads. 


Five Boston 
Boads. 


All Roads. 


Five Boston 
Roads. 


1887, 








112,117 29 


•11,580 58 


18,416 72 


f8,098 40 


1888, 








18,001 65 


12,460 37 


9,320 43 


8319 41 


1889, 








14,161 19 


13,766 72 


9,545 96 


9.224 27 


1890, 








14,983 75 


14,577 92 


10,033 07 


9,692 46 


1891, 








15,413 16 


14,715 00 


10,637 27 


10,156 63 


1892, 








15,920 33 


15,241 26 


11,092 09 


10,622 86 


1893, 








16,390 00 


15,453 47 


11,488 07 


10,866 25 


1894, . 








14313 03 


15.270 54 


10,270 93 


10,582 21 


1895, . 








15,659 79 


16,116 82 


10.671 86 


10,985 23 


1896, , 






15,845 00 


16,190 58 


11,079 20 


11,325 17 



Earnings and Expenses per Revenue-Train Mile. 

The average gross earnings and expenses of operation per 
total mile run by trains earning revenue, on all of the roads, 
for each of the last ten years, have been as follows : — 

Earnings and Expenses per Total Revenue-Train Mile (All Boads) ^ 

1887-1896. 



YEARS. 


Gross 
Earnings. 


Operating 
Expenses. 


YEARS. 


Gross 
Earnings. 


operating 
Expenses. 


1887, . 

1888, . 

1889, . 

1890, . 

1891, . 


(1.565 
1.580 
1.596 
1.617 
1.565 


♦I.IOI 
1.134 
1.090 
1.083 
1.080 


1892, . 

1893, . 

1894, . 

1895, . 

1896, . 


11.554 
1.558 
1.512 
1.637 
1.664 


11.083 
1.088 
1.051 
1.115 
1.163 



The average gross earnings and expenses of operation per 
total mile run by trains earning revenue on the five leading 
railroads of the State, for each of the last five years, are given 



in the two following tables : — 



64 



RAILROAD CORPORATIONS. 



[Jan. 



Earnings per Total Bevenue- Train MUe {Five Eoada), 1892-1896. 



COMPANIES. 


1S9». 


1 

189S. 


1S94. 


1895. 


1896. 


Boston & Albany, 


11.804 


f 1.729 


11.643 


f 1.694 


$1,722 


Boston & Maine, . 


1.483 


1.497 


1.446 


1.561 


1.607 


Fitchburg, .... 


1.308 


1.281 


1.235 


1.304 


1.305 


Xew England, 


1.319 


1.335 


1.213 


1.394 


1.577 


N. Y., New Haven & Hartford, 


1.801 


1.781 


1.789 


1.896 


1.976 



Expenses per Total Revenue-Train Mile {Five Roads) ^ 1892-1896, 



COMPANIES. 



1899. 



1893. 



1894. 



1895. 



1896. 



Boston & Albany, 
Boston & Maine, . 



Fitchburg, .... 

New England, 

N. Y., New Haven & Hartford, 



11 . 244 
.972 



910 



.966 
1.260 



11.212 

.934 

.921 

.939 

1.220 



♦1.072 

.978 

.864 

.926 

1.219 



11.091 


fl.l42 


1.009 


1.066 


.895 


.937 


.967 


1.135 


1.296 


1.376 



The average gross earnings from operation per passenger- 
train mile and per freight-train mile, respectively, on the same 
five roads, for each of the last five years, are shown in the 
next two tables : — 



Earnings per Passenger- Train MUe (Five Roads) ^ 1892-1896. 



COMPAinES. 


1899. 


189S. 


1894. 


1895. 


1898. 


Boston & Albany, . 


11.670 


(1.616 


11.484 


11.475 


»1.536 


Boston & Maine, . 


1.329 


1.334 


1.265 


1.810 


1.247 


Fitchburg, .... 


1.066 


1.021 


.992 


1.016 


1.028 


New England, 


1.069 


1.126 


.976 


.976 


1.089 


N. Y.,New Haven & Hartford, 


1.702 


1.644 


1.487 


1.576 


1.602 



1897.] 



EARNINGS AND EXPENSES. 



65 



Earnings per Freight-Train Mile (Five Boads), 1892-1896. 



CX)MPANIES. 


1899. 


189S. 


1894. 


1895. 


1896. 


Boston & Albany, . 


11.921 


11.862 


11.687 


11.837 


11.882 


Boston & Maine, . 


1.708 


1.740 


1.733 


1.941 


1.888 


Fitchburg, .... 


1.375 


1.376 


1.337 


1.405 


1.482 


New England, 


1.510 


1.474 


1.399 


1.779 


2.102 


N Y.,New Haven & Hartford, 


1.931 


2.127 


2.210 


2.468 


2.649 



The expenses of operation per passenger-train mile and per 
freight^train mile, respeotively, cannot be stated, because the 
operating expenses of the passenger department are not kept or 
returned by the companies separately from those of the freight 
department. 

Expenses j)er Total Train Mile. 

The average operating expense or cost per train mile of 
running all trains, including switching, construction and other 
trains not earning revenue, on all of the roads for the last ten 
years, and on each of the five leading roads for the last five 
years, is stated in the following tables : — 

Expenses per Total Train Mile {All Boads) ^ 1887^1896. 



Y£ARS. 

■ 


Cost per 
Train MUo. 


• 

YEARS. 


Cost per 
Train Mile. 


1887, .... 

1888, .... 

1889, .... 

1890, .... 
1891 


10.883 
.906 
.874 
.872 
.866 


1892, . . 

1893 

1894, .... 
1896, .... 
1896 


10.870 
.868 
.835 
.895 
.913 



Expenses per Total Train MUe (Five Boads), 1892''1896. 



COMPANIES. 


1899. 


189S. 


1894. 


1895. 


1896. 


Boston & Albany, . 


11.024 


»0.955 


10.874 


f 0.889 


f 0.899 


Boston & Maine, . 


.786 


.803 


.777 


.855 


.838 


Fitcbburg, .... 


.766 


.768 


.740 


.777 


.792 


New England, 


.770 


.736 


.716 


.753 


.803 


N. Y.,New Haven & Hartford, 


1.012 


.940 


.942 


1.028 


1.081 



66 



RAILROAD CORPORATIONS. 



[Jan. 



Fares and Fbeiohts. 

Pasaenger Fares, 

The average passenger fare per mile on the Massachusetts 
railroads for each of the last twenty-six years, as ascertained 
from the annual returns to the Board, is given in the following 
table : — 



Average Passenger Fares per MUe {AU Massadittaetts Boads) for 

26 Tears, 1871 to 1896. 



YRARA. 


7are«. 


YEABS. 


Farea. 


YEARS. 


Fares. 


; Genu. 




Centa. 




Cents. 


1871, . 


2.51 


looU, • • 


2.05 


1889, . 


1.87 


1872, . 




i 2.48 


1881, . 




2.02 


1890, . 




1.82 


1873, . 




2.32 


1882, . 




2.00 


1891, . 




1.83 


1874, 




2.80 


1883, . 




2.00 


1892, . 




1.83 


1875, . 




j 2.30 


1884, . 


• 


1.92 


1893, 


• 


1.83 


1876, 




2.23 


1885, 




1.88 


1894, 




1.80 


1877, . 




2.22 


1886, 




1.88 


1895, 




1.78 


1878, 




2.18 


1887, 




1.85 


1896, 




1.79 


1879, 




2.11 


1888, 




1.90 









The table shows a gradual reduction of the average fare, 
with occasional slight fluctuations, from 2.51 X)ents per mile in 
1871 to 1.79 cents per mile in 1896. This is a reduction of 
29 per cent, or an average reduction of a little more than one 
per cent a year. 

Average Passenger Fares per MUe {Five Roads) in 1870, 1880, 

1890 and 1894-96. 



RAILROAD COMPANIES. 


1S70. 


18SO. 


1809. 


1S94. 


1995. 


ISM. 




CenU. 


Cents. 


Cents. 


Cents. 


Gentt. 


Cents. 


Bofiton & Albany, 


2.78 


2.09 


1.86 


1.79 


1.77 


1.75 


Boston & Maine, 


2.14 


2.14 


1.83 


1.76 


1.74 


1.79 


Fitchbxurg, 


2.66 


1.88 


1.91 


1.85 


1.81 


1.77 


New England, .... 




2.12 


1.96 


1,96 


1.95 


1.94 


N. Y., New Haven & Hartford, . 


2. 88 


1.92 


1.73 


1.79 


1.77 


1.77 


All five companies. 


2.40 


2.01 


1.81 


1.80 


1.78 


1.78 



1897.] 



FARES AND FREIGHTS. 



67 



The preceding table gives the average passenger fares per 
mile on the five leading Massachusetts railroads, taken singly 
and as a group, for the years 1870, 1880 and 1890, and for 
each of the last three years, 1894 to 1896. 

The average fare the last two years on the five roads in 
question, 1.78 cents per mile, is a reduction of 26 per cent 
from the corresponding fare of 2.40 cents in 1870. 

In the next table, the average passenger fares per mile in 
1896 on four leading railroads, taken singly and as a group, 
are compared with the fares on the same roads in 1865 ; and 
the percentage of the new fare to the old, and the resulting per- 
centage of reduction in each case, are as follows : — 



Comparative Passenger Fares per MUe {Four Roads) in 1865 and 

1896. 



RAILROAD COMPANIES. 


Fare 
1S68. 


Fare 
1096. 


Per Cent of 
18»«tolS6S. 


Percentage of 
Reduction. 


Boston & Albany, 

Boston & Maine, .... 

Fitchburg, 

N. Y., New Haven & Hartford, . 


Cents, 

2.81 
2.67 
2.59 
2.32 


Gents. 

1.76 
1.79 
1.77 
1.77 


62 
70 
68 
76 


88 
80 
82 
24 


All four companies. 


2.59 


1.77 


68 


82 



The figures in this table indicate an average passenger fare 
of 2.59 cents per mile in 1865, on the leading railroad lines of 
the State, as against a corresponding fare of 1.77 cents in 1896 
— a reduction of 32 per cent in the intervening period of thirty- 
one years. 

Freight Rates. 

In the tables which follow, the average rates per ton mile for 
the transportation of merchandise on the railroads of this State 
are shown for the same years and intervals of years, for all of 
the roads and for the same groups of roads, as in the preceding 
tables of passenger fares. 

The first table gives the average freight rate per ton mile on 
all of the roads for each of the last twenty-six years ; — 



68 



RAILROAD CORPORATIONS. 



[Jan. 



Average Freighi Rates per Ton Mile {AU MassachuBettB Roada) for 

26 Tears, 1871 to 1896. 



YEARS. Rates. 


1 
1 

YEARS. 


1 

Rates. 


YEARS. 


Rates. 




Cents. 




Cents. 


1 


Gents. 


1871, . 


3.11 


1880, . 


1.84 I 


1889, . 


1.50 


1872, 




2.81 


1881, 




1.71 


1890, 




1.45 


1873, 




2.75 


1882, 




1.71 


1891, 




1.42 


1874, 




2.64 


1888, 




1.72 


1892, 




1.36 


1875, . 




2.45 


1884, 




1.64 


1893, . 




1.39 


1876, . 




2.17 


1885, . 




1.59 


1894, 




1.33 


1877, , 




2.07 


1886, . 




1.64 


1895, . 




1.28 


1878, . 




1.92 


1887, . 




1.62 


1896, . 




1.28 


1879, . 




1.82 


1888, 




1.55 

1 







The average freight rate of 3.11 cents per mile in 1871 fell, as 
appears in the table, by constant and rapid gradations year by 
year to 1,82 cents in 1879. With some after fluctuations, but 
on a gradually descending scale, it has reached and maintained 
the last two years its lowest point at 1.28 cents per ton mile 
— a reduction of 59 per cent from the rate of 3. 1 1 cents in 1871. 

The following table shows the average rate per ton mile on 
the five leading railroads of the State, taken singly and as a 
group, in 1870, 1880 and 1890, and for each of the last three 
years, 1894 to 1896: — 



Average Freight Bates per Ton MUe (Five Roads) in 1870, 1880, 

1890 and 1894-96. 



RAILROAD COMPANIES. 


1S70. 


1880. 


1890. 


1804. 


1805. 


1806. 




Centa. 


Cents. 


Cents. 


Cents. 


Cents. 


Cents. 


Boston & Albany, 


2.19 


1.21 


1.11 


.94 


.97 


.94 


Boston & Maine, 


4.45 


2.56 


1.76 


1.55 


1.54 


1.53 


Fitchburg, 


4.81 


1.87 


.99 


.90 


.87 


.86 


New England, .... 


- 


2.86 


1.22 


1.18 


1.04 


1.11 


N. Y., New Haven & Hartford, . 


4.09 


2.41 


2.07 


1.86 


1.66 


1.57 


All five companies, . 


2.95 


1.65 


1.44 


1.31 


1.27 


1.27 



1897.] 



FARES AND FREIGHTS. 



69 



The table finds the average rate on the foregoing group of 
roads to have been 2.95 cents per ton mile in the year 1870. 
The corresponding rate for the last two years has been 1.27 
cents. This is a reduction of 57 per cent. 

The next table compares the average freight rates in 1896, 
oil four leading railroads, taken singly and as a group, with the 
rates on the same roads in 1865 ; and, as in the corresponding 
table of passenger fares, gives the percentage of the later to the 
earlier rate, and the percentage of reduction, for each and all of 
the four roads : — 



Comparative Freight Rates per Ton Mile {Four Roads) tn 1865 and 

1896. 



RAILROAD COMPANIES. 


Kate Rate Per Cent of 
18«a. ] 18*«. ld96tolS«3. 


Pcrcentagp of 
Reduction. 


Boston & Albany, 

Boston & Maine, .... 

Fitchburg 

N. Y., New Haven & Hartford, . 


Centa. 
3.86 

4.83 
4.78 
3.82 


Cents. 

.94 
1.53 

.86 

• 

1.57 


1 
24 76 

82 68 

18 82 

41 59 

1 


All four companies. 


4.16 


1.29 


81 


69 



It appears by this table that the average freight rate, on 
four of the leading railroad lines of the State, has fallen from 
4.16 cents in 1865 to 1.29 cents in 1896— a reduction of 69 
per cent in thirty-one years. 



In comparing the present passenger and freight rates of the 
selected groups of companies named in the foregoing tables with 
their corresponding rates in former years, the operations for 
those years of the more important railroad lines of this State, 
which have since been consolidated with or leased to the com- 
panies in question, have been included in the computation of 
their rates as given in the tables. This, which was necessarj- 
to a fair comparison, may account for an apparent discrepancy 
between some of the figures in these tables and those of similar 
tables in former reports. 



70 



RAILROAD CORPORATIONS. 



[Jan. 



Cost of Repairs, Wages and Fuel. 

The average cost on all the roads of certain specified items of 
repairs, and also of wages and fuel, per total train mile, as re- 
turned by the companies for each of the last six years, appears 
in the following table : — 



Cost of Repairs J etc., per Total Train MUey 1891-1896. 



REPAIK8, WAGES, ETC. 


1891. 


1S9». 


lavs. 


1S»4. 


IMS. 


1996. 


Repair of roadbed, . 


10.104 


to. 105 


10.100 


10.100 


to. 100 


to. 121 


of bridges, . 


.022 


.017 


.018 


.017 


.012 


.013 


of rails, 


.016 


.017 


.016 


.016 


.011 


.008 


of locomotlTes, . 


.042 


.049 


.039 


.031 


.049 


.044 


of passenger cars, 


.036 


.037 


.034 


.029 


.034 


.040 


of freight cars, . 


.041 


.044 


.046 


.033 


.034 


.043 


Wages, .... 


.297 


.297 


.298 


.306 


.310 


.310 


Fuel, .... 


.102 


.105 


.101 


.106 


.109 


.100 


Totals, 


10.660 


$0,671 


10.652 


10.638 


to. 659 


$0,679 



Rolling Stock. 

The following table shows the amount of rolling stock (owned 
and leased) of all the companies, as returned at the end of each 
of the last seven years : — 



Schedule of Boiling Stock, 1890-1896. 



ROLLING STOCK. 


1890. 


1S91. 


1S9». 


189S. 


lAM. 


1895. 


laM. 


Locomotives, 


1,643 


1,713 


1,779 


1,955 


1,956 


1,982 


2,062 


Passenger cars, . 


2,601 


2.662 


2,835 


3,093 


3,156 


3,139 


3,217 


Baggage, express 
and mail cars, . 


463 


488 


496 


518 


521 


517 


569 


Freight cars, 


34,976 


35.347 


35,553 


36,968 


38,476 


37.116 


39,423 


Gravel oars, etc./ 




— 


2,036 


3,342 


1,493 


1,519 


1,928 



* Not returned prior to 1892. 



1897.] 



EMPLOYEES. 



71 



NuMBEB OF Employees. 

The average number of persons employed during the last 
year by all of the railroad corporations making returns to the 
Board was 52,127. The following table gives the average 
number of employees for each of the last ten years : — 



Average Number of Employees^ 1887-^1896, 



YEABS. 


Number 

of Employees. 

1 


YEARS. 


Number 
of Employees. 


1887, .... 

1888, , . . . 

1889, .... 

1890, .... 

1891, .... 


34,200 
88,928 
38,909 
40,350 
42,289 


1892, . . . 

1893, .... 

1894, .... 

1895 

1896 


44,784 
48,831 
46,727 
46,533 
52,127 



It appears that 5,594 more persons were employed the last 
year than in 1895, and 20,939 more than ten years ago. 



72 



RAILROAD CORPORATIONS. 



[Jan. 



Receipts of Flour and Grain in Boston.* 

The receipts of flour the last year were less by from 20 to 25 
per cent than the receipts of either of the four preceding years. 
This, however, refers to the receipts by the railroad lines alone, 
the receipts by water, which for some years past have been 
comparatively small, not being included the last year. 

The receipts of wheat were 60 per cent larger than the pre- 
ceding year, and more than three and one-half times the 
average for the preceding ten years. 

The receipts of corn were also larger than for any year since 
1890. 

The receipts of oats exceeded those of the two preceding 
years, but fell somewhat below the receipts of 1892 and 1893. 
The fluctuations in the receipts of oats during the last ten years 
have been much less than in those of the other grains. 

The receipts of grain by water during the last year do not 
appear in our tables, but probably were not large enough to 
make any appreciable percentage of the total receipts. The 
through railroad liaes from the West now do almost all the 
transportation of grain to Boston, though considerable flour is 
brought here by the seaboard lines. 

The foreign demand for bread stuffs and the enlarged facili- 
ties for export from Boston will probably increase the receipts 
of grain by the railroads during the present year, though the 
low rates may not add in the same ratio to their net earnings. 



Proportions of Receipts by the different Lines in 1896, 



RAILROAD AND OTHER LINES. 



Boston & Albany Railroad, 
Boston & Maine Railroad, 
Fitchburg Railroad, . 
New England Railroad, 
Seaboard Lines, . 

Totals, . 



Flour. 



Wheat I Corn. 



Per Cent. 


Per Cent. 


Per Cent 


34.2 


37.9 


37.7 


16.9 


10.1 


13.1 


34.9 


49.8 


37.9 


11.5 


2.2 


10.8 . 


2.5 


^ 


0.5 


i 100.0 


100.0 


100.0 



Oati. 



Per Cent 
25.6 



25.5 

23.5 

19.1 

6.3 



100.0 



* The tables on the following pages, and similar tables for the last twentj-flve years, 
have been compiled by the Clerk of the Board, Mr. William A. Crafts. 



1897.] EECEIPTS OF FLOUR IN BOSTON. 







S "SSS 


g 


1 2 , , , 1 


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g. ! 








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■5. 






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S ^aoS 






o 








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lllis 


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373, 
1,059, 

337 
1,126, 

310, 


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Boston 
Grund. 
Boston 

FitchburgRnilro 
New England Rs 




Boston & MHinti 
Boston & Provid. 
Old Colony Kailt 
Portland steamer 
New York ateam 
Baltimore steann 
Philadelphia 3t«a 
Bangor & St- Joh 
SaUing vessels. 


E 

1 


|i 



RAILROAD CORPORATIONS. 



[Jan. 



sua iQO op 



SJ"S- 



ll'il'g ^1 1 1= 



1" i 
■I i 



SsSs " 






1897.] RECEIPTS OP GRAIN IN BOSTON. 






8!1||| 






I i. 









|3|§S 



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f'^ ? S M g § » fe £ 1 1-' 
.-=-3l*l|||is|| 

lil|?l^lis>|i?i| 



I 2 

on '2 

a a 

& $ 

1 I 



BAILKOAD CORPORATIONS. 



[Jan. '97. 







i 


iiii 


1 s 

1 ' ' 


1 i 






i 


s.|s.i.| 


1 Jl 


s 5 
3 S 


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1" 1 



COMMISSIONERS' REPORT. 



Pairt », 



STREET RAILWAY COMPANIES. 



STREET RAILWAYS. 



Massachusetts Street Railway Companies. 

Annual reports for the year ending September 30, 1896, 
have been received from eighty-three street railway companies 
— eight more than in 1895. 

The Bridgewater & East Bridgewater, the Brockton & 
Bridgewater, and the Brockton & East Bridgewater, having 
failed to build any portion of their railways within the time 
required by law, and their corporate powers having for that 
reason ceased ; the Brockton & Stoughton, consolidated with 
the Brockton June 11, 1895; the Highland (of Westfield), 
consolidated with the Woronoco May 18, 1895 ; the Quincy, 
consolidated with the Quincy & Boston August 26, 1895 ; the 
Worcester, Leicester & Spencer and the Worcester & Mill- 
bury, consolidated with each other, under the name of the 
Worcester & Suburban, February 1, 1895, — disappear from 
the list of companies. 

During the last year the Montague was consolidated (June 
1, 1896) with the Greenfield & Turner's Falls, but appears in 
this report. 

The Gloucester & Rockport was leased to the Gloucester, and 
the Worcester & Shrewsbury to the Worcester Consolidated. 

The name of the Clinton has been changed under a special 
act (St. 1896, c. 378) to the Leominster & Clinton. 

Eleven companies were organized during the last fiscal year 
under the general law : The Blackstone Valley (of Millbury, 
etc.), the Brockton, Bridgewater & Taunton, the Milford, Hol- 
liston & Framingham, the Mystic Valley (of Stoneham, etc.), 
the Norfolk Central (of Dedham, etc.), the Randolph, the 
Bockport, the Southbridge & Sturbridge, the Warren, Brook- 
field & Spencer, the West Roxbury & Roslindale, and the 
Woburn & Reading. At the end of the year, nine of these 
companies had built and were operating their railways; one 



82 STREET RAILWAY COMPANIES. [Jan. 

(the Blacketone Valley) had partly completed but was not 
operating its railway, and was in the bands of a receiver ; and 
the remaining company (the Brockton, Bridgewater & Taan- 
ton) had not begun to build. 

Eight new companies were chartered in 1896 by special act : 
the Amherst & Sunderland, the Barnstable County (of Fal- 
mouth, etc.), the Marlborough & Westborough, the Martha's 
Vineyard, the Middleborough & Lakeville, the Shelburne Falls 
& Colrain, the Taunton & Brockton, and theTempleton. One 
of these, the Martha's Vineyard, had built and was operating a 
short section of railway, and another, the Shelburne Falls & 
Colrain, was constructing its railway, at the end of the fiscal 
year. The other six companies had not begun to build, and 
(so far as known) had taken no active steps in that direction. 

The Haverhill, Georgetown & Danvers, chartered by special 
act in 1893, and the Hanover, organized under the general law 
in 1894, have built and are operating their railways, and have 
made their first reports. 

The Woonsocket (of Rhode Island) , which was authorized by 
chapter 338 of the Acts of 1889 to extend its railway into the 
town of Blackstone in this State, has also made its first report. 

At the end of the last year, sixty-nine of the eighty-three 
reporting companies were operating railways ; the railways of 
eight companies were operated by other companies under lease 
or contract ; the railway of one company was in process of con- 
struction and not completed ; two companies had organized and 
paid in a portion of their capital stock, but had not begun to 
build; one company had been consolidated with another 
during the year; and the railways of two companies (the 
Blackstone Valley and the Siasconset) were not in operation. 

Railway Construction and Mileage. 

JVew Construction. 

As will appear in the following tables, there have the last 
year been built or added to the mileage of the Massachusetts 
^companies, 175.528 miles of street railway line, and 23.232 
miles of second main track — making 198.760 miles of new or 
additional main track. There have also been built or added 
14 237 miles of side track — making a total addition of 212.997 
miles of track, reckoned as single track. 



1897.] 



CONSTRUCTION AND MILEAGE. 



83 



Mileage Owned. 

The Massachusetts companies now own^ as shown in the 
following table, 1,083.516 miles of street railway line, 193.229 
miles of second main track, and 91.502 miles of side track — 
making the total length of track owned 1,368.247 miles. The 
increase over the previous year, as stated above, is also given 
in the table. 



Street Railway MUeage^ 1895 and 1896. 



RAILWAY BilLEAOE OWNF.D. 


1895. 


ilM6. 


Increase. 


I^ength of railway line, 
Length of second track, 


MUes. 

907.988 
169.997 


Mtles. 

1,083.616 
193.229 


Miles. 

176.528 
23.232 


Total length of main track, 
Length of side track, .... 


1,077.986 
77.265 


1,276.746 
91.502 


198.760 
14.237 


Total, reckoned as single track, . 


1,155.250 


1,868.247 


212.997 



MUeage Operated. 

The next table shows the length of main track operated, 
September 30, 1895 and 1896, and the motive power used. 
The length of main track operated (it will be noticed) exceeds 
by about fifteen miles the length owned, owing to the joint use 
of the same track by more than one company. 

Mileage Operated and Motive Power Used, 1895 and 1896, 



MAfN TRACK OPERATED.* 


189S. 


ISM. 


Increase. 


By horse power only, .... 

By electric power only. 

By horse and electric power. 


Miles. 

61.799 

1,002.756 

22.620 


Miles. 

35.132 

1,241.363 

14.545 


MUes. 

26.667t 
238.607 
8.075t 


Total main track operated, . 


1,087.175 


1,291.040 


203.865 



* Including trackage rights. 



t Decrease. 



The following table gives the number of street railway com-- 
panies, the length of main track owned, and the length equipped 
for horse power and electric power, respectively, at intervals 



84 



STREET RAILWAY COMPANIES. 



[Jan. 



of ten years from 1860 to 1880, and for each year of the last 
decade : — 



Number and Mileage of Street EaUway Companies^ 1860^ 1870^ 

1880 and 1887'-1896. 



TEARS. 


Number 

of 

Companies. 


Total Length 
Main Track.* 


Increase. 


Equipped 

for 

Horse Power. 


Eonlpped 

for Electric 

Power. 






Miles. 


Miles. 


Miles. 


Miles. 


18609 • 


20 


88.87 


- 


88.87 


- 


1870, . 






28 


139.44 


50.57 


139.44 


- 


1880, . 






29 


222.54 


83.10 


222.54 


- 


1887, . 






44 


470.27 


247.73 


470.27 


— 


1888, . 






46 


533.59 


63.32 


533.59 


- 


1889, . 






46 


574.17 


40.58 


523.65 


50.52 


1890, . 






48 


612.38 


38.21 


451.52 


160.86 


1891, . 






56 


672.45 


60.07 


383.42 


289.03 


1892, . 






61 


754.85 


82.40 


258.55 


496.30 


1898, . 






60 


874.14 


119.29 


163.06 


711.08 


1894, . 






68 


928.84 


54.70 


103.87 


824.97 


1896, . 






75 


1,077.99 


149.15 


61.80 


1,016.19 


1896, . 






83 


1,276.75 


198.76 


35.13 


1,241.62 



* Length of main track owned. 

Cost and Capital Investment per Mile. 

The average cost of the street railways of the State per mile 
of main track (including the cost but not the length of side 
track), as it stood on the books of the companies September 
80, 1896, was $23,396.44 for construction ; $9,804.50 for equip- 
ment ; and $12,840.44 for lands, buildings and other permanent 
property — making a total average cost of $46,041.38 per mile 
of main track. 

These figures furnish but little clue, however, to the cost of 
any particular railway — reference for which must be had to 
the tabulations in the Appendix. The cost per mile of main 
track, as reported by the several companies whose railways 
are completed and equipped, ranges from about $10,000 in a 
country town to over $96,000 in the city. 

The first of the following tabless gives the average cost, 
classified as above, and also the average capital investment 
(amount of outstanding capital stock and net debt), per mile 



1897.] COST AND INVESTMENT PER MILE. 



85 



of main track, as reported by all of the companies at the end 
of each of the last ten years. In the second table, the cost and 
capital investment per mile of main track is given for each 
of the ten leading city and suburban railways of the State, as 
reported to the Board by the several companies September 30, 
1896. 

Cost and Capital Investment per Mile of Main Tracks 1887-1896. 



TEARS. 


OonstracUon. 


Eqalpment 


other 
Pennantnt 
Property • 


Total Cost. 


Capitol 
InTestinent.t 


1887, . 

1888, . 

1889, . 

1890, . 

1891, . 

1892, . 

1893, . 

1894, . 

1895, . 

1896, . 




tl7,618 
16,921 
16,180 
17,335 
17,919 
19,520 
26,792 
26,748 
23,984 
23,896 


•8,330 

7,317 

7,880 

10,658 

11,614 

15,215 

11,739 

11,528 

10,479 

9,805 


♦9,687 
9,457 
11,116 
11,415 
12,202 
12,558 
15,455 
15,356 
14,266 
12,840 


♦35,635 
'33,695 
35,176 
39,408 
41,735 
47,293 
53,986 
53,632 
48,730 
46,041 


t32,673 
32,304 
33,907 
38,256 
40390 
46,184 
53,367 
52,963 
49,100 
46,373 


Averag 


fes, . 


f 20,641 


tl0,457 


tl2,435 


143,533 


t42,602 



Chieflj lands and buildings. t Ontstanding capital stock and net debt. 



Cost and Capital Investment per mile of Main Track (Ten RaUways), 



RAILWAY COMPAimSS. 


Constmctlon 

and 
Eqalpmant 


other 

Femument 

Property. 


Total Cott 


Capital 
InvestoMiit. 


Brockton, . . . . 
Globe (Fall River), . 
Uolyoke, . . . . 
Lowell, Law. & Haverhill, . 
Lowell & Suburban, . 
Lynn & Boston, . 
Springfield, . . . . 
Union (New Bedford), 
West End (Boston), . 
Worcester Consolidated, 


♦25,853 
75,330 
23,666 
40,529 
26,216 
45,801 
24,698 
44,484 
56,618 
41,457 


$8,123 

8,825 

9,355 

12,153 

10,486 

11,823 

8,805 

12,163 

39,794 

6,480 


133,976 
84,155 
33,021 
52,682 
36,702 
57,624 
33,503 
56,647 
96,412 
47,937 


♦33,678 
82,099 
30392 
51,573 
36,607 
58,111 
30,987 
52,072 

100,761 
45,237 


Averages, 


140,465 


♦12,801 


♦53,266 


♦52,201 



86 



STREET RAILWAY COMPANIES. 



[Jan. 



Assets and Liabilities. 

The gross assets of the companies September 30, 1896, were 
$62,187,775.01. The several classes of assets, and the increase 
(or decrease) in each class as compared with 1895, appear in 
the following table : — 



Oross AssetSy September 30^ 1895 and 1896. 



ASSETS. 


1895. 


1896. 


IneretM. 


ConstructioD, .... 


(26,864,627 


129,871,290 


(4,016,663 


Equipment, 


11,296,414 


12,^17,842 


1,221,428 


Lands and buildings, . 


14,901,277 


16,902,960 


1,001,673 


Other permanent property, . 


477,630 


491,017 


18,387 


Cash and current assets. 


2,428,160 


1,911,661 


616,499* 


Miscellaneous assets, . 


1,264,673 


1,493,026 


288,462 


Gross Assets, 


•66,212,671 


162,187,776 


(6,976,104 



* Decrease. 



The gross liabilities at the same date, including capital stock, 
were $61,117,713.49. The several kinds of liabilities, and the 
amount of each as compared with 1895, were as follows : — 

Oro88 Lidbilitiesy September 30^ 1895 and 1896. 



LIABILITIES. 


1S9S. 


1M6. 


IncrMwe. 


Capital stock. 
Funded debt. 
Real estate mortgages. 
Current liabilities. 
Accrued liabilities. 




127,906,686 

22,284,600 

630,800 

3,434,908 

1,100,188 


(30,727,818 

24,236,000 

49,100 

4,940,961 

1,163,836 


12,821,133 

1,961,600 

681,700» 

1,606,053 

63,647 


Gross Liabilities,! 
Surplus, .... 
Sinking and special funds. 


(66,367,081 

866,690 

21.700 


(61,117,714 

1,070,061 

81,032 


$6,760,633 

214,471 

69,332 



Decrease. 



t Bxclnsive of sinking and other special fands. 



It will be seen by comparing the last two tables, that while 
there was an increase in gross liabilities of $5,760,633 over the 
previous year, there was a gain of $5,975,104 in gross assets — 



1897.] 



INCOME AND EXPENDITURES. 



87 



a balance of 1214947 1 in favor of the companies, increasing by 
that amount their aggregate surplus. 

The gross assets, the gross liabilities including capital stock, 
and the surplus of the companies, with the percentage of 
surplus to capital stock, at the end of each of the last ten 
years, are shown in the following table : — 

€hro88 AaseiSy lAaJbilUies and Surplus for Ten Tears^ 1887-1896. 



TEARS. 


Qrosi Ataeta. 


Oross LiabUlUea. 


Sorplns. 


Percentage of 

Borplaa to 

Capital. 


loof, • « . • 


$17,947,689 


$16,644,688 


$1,402,901 


18.89 


1888^ . 








19,206,666 


18,464,101 


742,666 


6.82 


1889, . 








21,466,720 


20,739,980 


726,740 


5.91 


1890, . 




• 




26,817,809 


26,611,989 


706,820 


4.74 


1891, . 








31,777,906 


31,210,768 


667,138 


2.90 


1892, . 








39,631,770 


38,794,816 


836,966 


8.65 


1893, . 








60,130,273 


49,689,688 


640,686 


2.09 


1894, . 








63,641,681 


63,020,296 


621,286 


2.80 


1895, . 








66,212.671 


66.367,081 


866,690 


8.06 


1896, 








62,187,776 


61,198,746 


1,070,061 


8.48 


Avei 


ages, 


» " 


$37,862,076 


$37,063,216 


$943,897 


4.65 



Income and Expenditures. 

The total income of the companies from all sources, for the 
year ending September 30, 1896, was 114,900,941.93, and the 
total expenditures were $14,423,012.72 — leaving a net balance 
of 1477,929.21 to carry to surplus account. 

The sources of total income, and the amount derived from 
each source as compared with 1895, were as follows : — 



Total Income, 1895 and 1896. 



urcoMB. 


1895. 


1S9«. 


Increaie. 


• 

Gross earnings from operation, . 
Rentals from lease of railway, . 
Income from other sources. 


tlS,l84,842 
40,326 
21,704 


tl4,844,262 

47,990 

8,690 


tl,659,920 
7,664 
13,014* 


Totallncome, 


113,246,372 


tl4,900,942 


tl,654,570 



* Decrease. 



88 



STREET RAILWAY COMPANIES. 



[Jan. 



The items of total expenditure, with the increase (or de- 
crease) in each item over the previous year, are shown in the 
following table : — 

Total Expenditures, 1895 and 1896. 



EXPENDITURES. 


189S. 


ISM. 


Inereaae. 


Expenses of operation, 
Interest on debt and loans, . 
J. axes, ••••>• 
Rentals of leased railways, . 
Other charges on income, . 
Dividends paid, .... 


t9,088,086 

1,168,621 

488,138 

98,902 

146,270 

1,606,196 


•10,668,371 

1,820,304 

623,346 

113,810 

99,336 

1,802,847 


•1,476,285 

161,683 

36,208 

14,908 

46,936» 

196,662 


Total Expenditures, . 
Surplus for the year, . 


•12,696,212 
661,160 


•14,423,013 
477,929 


•1,827.801 
173,231* 



* Decrease. 

A comparison of the last two tables will show that the 
balance of total income above operating expenses was |4«337y- 
571, and that the interest and other charges amounted to 
12,056,795 ; leaving as the net divisible income 12,280,776 — 
which exceeded by $23,421 the corresponding net for 1895. 



Capital Stock and Dividends. 

The aggregate capital stock of the eighty-three companies, 
September 30, 1896, was $30,727,817.50 — a net increase of 
$2,821,132.50 over the previous year, resulting from additions 
and deductions in the case of the following companies : — 



Additions : — 

Blackstone Valley (Mlllbury, etc., a new company), 

Braintree & Weymouth, 

Brockton, Bridge water & Taunton (a new company), . 
Commonwealth Avenue (Newton), . : . . 

Cottage City, ... 

Dartmouth & Westport, 

Dighton, Somerset & Swansea, 

FhII River, 

(Jieenfield & Turner's Falls, 

Hanover (a new company), 



147300 00 
36,200 00 
28,885 00 
28,870 00 
9,900 00 
5,025 00 
65,000 00 
89,880 00 
50,000 00 
49,200 00 



1897.] CAPITAL STOCK. 89 

Haverhill, Georgetown & Danvers (a new company), . . $60,000 00 

Hingham, 140,870 00 

Holyoke, 160,000 00 

Hoosac Valley (North Adams), 50,000 00 

Interstate Consolidated (of Rhode Island, a new company), 300,000 00 

Leominster & Clinton, 119,300 00 

Lowell & Suburban, 200,000 00 

Lynn & Boston, 220,800 00 

Martba^s Vineyard (a new company), 8,692 60 

Milford, Holliston & Framinghnm (a new company), . 160,000 00 

Mystic Valley (Stoneham, etc., a new company), . . 40,000 00 

Nantasket Electric, 11,260 00 

Newton, 37,400 00 

Newton & Boston, 26,000 00 

Norfolk Central (Dedham, etc., a new company), 76,000 00 

Norfolk Suburban (Hyde Park, etc.), 62,600 00 

Pittsfield Electric, 20,000 00 

Quincy & Boston, 106,400 00 

Randolph (a new company), 17,500 00 

Reading & Lowell 83,600 00 

Rockport (anew company), 100,000 00 

ShelbuiTie Fails & Colrain (a new company), 60,000 00 

Southbridge & Sturbridge (a new company), 60,000 00 

Warren, Brookfield & Spencer (a new company), . . 160,000 00 

West Roxbury & Roslindale (a new company), . . 101,760 00 

Woburn & Reading (a new company), 60,000 00 

Woonso^et (of Rhode Island, not before returned), . . 140,000 00 

WoTonoco (Westfield) 13,000 00 

Total additions to capital stock, t2,901,132 60 



Deductions : — 

Bridgewater & East Bridge water (corporate powers lapsed), $10,000 00 

Brockton & Bridgewater (corporate powers lapsed), . . 20,000 00 

Brockton & East Bridgewater (corporate powers lapsed), . 10,000 00 

Montague (consolidated with Greenfield & Turner's Falls), 40,000 00 



Total deductions from capital stock, .... $80,000 00 
Net increase of capital stock, $2321,132 60 

Daring the year ending September 30, 1896, the Board 
authorized increases of capital stock under chapters 366 of 
the Acts of 1887 and 409 of the Acts of 1896, and approved 
issues of capital stock under chapter 462 of the Acts of 1894, 
by the companies and for the amounts shown in the following 
table : — 



90 



STREET RAILWAY COMPANIES. 



[Jan< 



Issues of Capital Stock AxUhorized by the Board. 



BAILWAT COMPANIES. 



Date when Aatboiised. 



BlackstoDe Valley (Millburj, etc.), 

BrocktoD, 

Commonwealth Avenae (Newton), 
Digfaton, Somerset & Swansea, . 
Gardner Electric, .... 
Greenfield & Turner's Falls, 
Greenfield & Turner's Falls, 

Hanover, 

Hayerfaill, Georgetown & Dan vers, 

Hingham, 

Holyoke, 

Interstate Consolidated (of R. I.), 
Interstate Consolidated (of R. I.), 
Interstate Consolidated (of R. I.), 
Leominster &' Clinton, . 
Lowell & Suburban, . 
Lynn & Boston, .... 
Lynn & Boston, .... 
Lynn & Boston, .... 
Lynn & Boston, .... 
Milford, Holliston & Framingham, 

Montague, 

Mystic Valley (Stoneham, etc.), . 

Newton & Boston, 

Norfolk Suburban (Hyde Park, etc.) 

Pittefield Electric, 

Quincy & Boston, .... 

Reading & Lowell, 

Rockport, 

Shelburne Falls & Colrain, . 

Springfield, 

Warren, Brookfield & Spencer, . 
West Roxbury & Roslindale, 
West Roxbury & Roslindale, 
Woburn & Reading, . 

Total amount authorized. 



February 10 
July 20 

January 10 
October 
July 



28 
20 
3 
8 
18 
10 



April 
May 
May 
April 
December 20 
March 4 

October 14 
November 16 
December 26 
July 81 

September 25 
March 18 
March 19 
May 18 

May 19 

December, 80 
April 3 

April 14 

February 18 
February 18 
March 25 
April 15 

October 22 
July 8 

July 30 

September 29 
July 81 

July 24 

July 24 

June 10 



1896, 
1896, 
1896, 
1895, 
1896, 
1896, 
1896, 
1896, 
1896, 
1895, 
1896, 
1895, 
1895, 
1895, 
1896, 
1896, 
1896, 
1896, 
1896, 
1896, 
1895. 
1896, 
1896, 
1896, 
1896, 
1896, 
1896, 
1895, 
1896, 
1896, 
1896, 
1896, 
1896, 
1896, 
1896, 



Amoant 
Anthorixed. 



•100,000 

104,000 

20,000 

125.000 

50,000 

50,000 

50,000 

50,000 

60,000 

45,000 

150,000 

100,000 

180,000 

100,000 

120,000 

860,000 

40,000 

30,000 

50,800 

45,200 

150,000 

40,000 

40,000 

25,000 

62^00 

40,000 

120,000 

100,000 

100,000 

50,000 

166,700 

150,000 

60,000 

100,000 

60,000 



•3,034,200 



1897.] DIVIDENDS ON CAPITAL STOCK. 



91 



Dividends. 

The total amount of cash dividends declared the last year 
was 11,8029846.50 — an increase of $196,652 over the previous 
year. Forty-three out of the eighty-three companies paid divi- 
dends ranging from 1^ to 10^ per cent, and forty companies, 
new and old, declared and paid no dividends. 

One company paid 10^ per cent ; one paid 10 per cent ; one 
paid 9t^ per cent ; one paid 9 per cent ; 8 paid 8 per cent ; one 
paid 8 per cent on preferred stock and 7 per cent on common 
stock ; one paid 7 per cent ; one paid 6^ per cent ; twelve paid 
6 per cent ; two paid 5 per cent ; nine paid 4 per cent ; two 
paid 3 per cent ; one paid 2.65 per cent ; one paid 2^ per cent ; 
and one paid li per cent. 

The amount of dividend-paying capital was $26,444,900.00, 
on which the average rate of dividend was 6.82 per cent, as 
against 6.63 per cent the previous year. The amount of capital 
yielding no dividend was $4,282,917.50. Including the latter, 
the average dividend rate on the whole amount of capital stock 
outstanding at the end of the year, was 5.87 per cent, as against 
5.76 per cent in 1895. Computed (as it more properly might 



Capital Stocky Net Income and DividendSy 1887-1896. 



YKAKS. 

• 


OaplUl Stock. 


Net Dlrlatble 
Income. 


Cash 
DiTldendt 
Declared. 


Percentage 

to Total 

Capital Stock. 


1887, . 

1888, . 

1889, . 

1890, . 

1891, . 

1892, . 

1893, . 

1894, . 
1896, . 
1896, . 


1 
i 

* 


• • 

■ • 

• 
1 • 

• 

• 

• 


$10,096,980 
10,894,860 
12,290,740 
14,879,130 
19,553,952 
23,590,536 
25,883,575 
26,971,275 
27,906,685 
30,727,818 


$648,382 
785,008 
1,025,758 
1,430,116 
1,299,153 
1,905.680 
1,993,399 
1,812,668 
2,280,776 

2,224,095 

1 


$530,920 

625,617 

838,649 

963,154 

1,100,015 

1,582,6^7 

1,716,637 

1,610,886 

1,606,196 

1.802,847 


6.26 
5«74 
6.82 
6.47 
5.68 
6.71 
6.63 
5.97 
5.76 
5.87 


Averag 


es, . 


$20,279,554 $1,543,829 ' $1,287,762 


6.10 



92 



STREET RAILWAY COMPANIES, 



[Jan, 



be) on the mean amount of capital outstanding at the beginning 
and end of the year, this rate would be 6.15 per cent, as against 
5.85 per cent in 1895. 

The table on the preceding page gives the total capital stock 
outstanding at the end of the year ; the net divisible income 
after paying all expenses, taxes, interest, rentals and other 
charges ; the amount of cash dividends declared ; and the aver- 
age percentage of dividend to total capital stock, for each of 
the last ten years. 

Funded and Floating Debt. 

The aggregate funded debt of the companies, September 30, 
1896, was $24,236,000 — a net increase of $1,951,500 over the 
previous year, resulting from additions and deductions in the 
case of the following companies : — 

Additions : — 

Beverly & Danvers, 140,000 00 

Commonwealth Avenue (of Newton), 45,000 00 

Dighton, Somerset & Swansea, 94,000 00 

Greenfield & Turner's Falls, 40,000 00 

Haverhill & Amesbury, 500 00 

Hingham, 125,000 00 

Marlborough, 6,000 00 

Newton & Boston, 25,000 00 

Pittsfield Electric 22,000 00 

Rockland & Abington 1,500 00 

South Middlesex (of Natick, etc.), 90,000 00 

Springfield, 200,000 00 

Wakefield & Stoneham, 98,000 00 

West End (of Boston), 785,000 00 

Woonsocket (of Rhode Island, not before returned), . 200,000 00 

Worcester & Suburban, 186,500 00 

Total additions to funded debt, tl«958,500 00 

Deductions : — 

Boston & Revere Electric t2,000 00 

Lowell, Lawrence & Haverhill, 5,000 00 

Total deductions from funded debt, .... t7,000 00 

« -' — ^ ■ _ ^ — ■— III. ■ 

Net increase of funded debt, 11,951,500 00 



Daring the year ending September 30, 1896, the Board 
authorized and approved, under chapters 316 of the Acts of 



1897.] FUNDED AND FLOATING DEBT. 



93 



1889 and 462 of the Acts of 1894, issues of bonds by the 
companies and for the amounts named in the following table : — 

Issues of Bonds Authorized by the Board, 



RAILWAY COMPAKIER. 



Date whMi Aatborized. 



Amoont 
Authorized. 



Blackstone Valley (Millbury, etc.). 
Commonwealth Avenue (Newton), 
Dighton, Somerset & Swansea, . 
Gardner Electric, .... 
Greenfield & Tumer^s Falls, 

Hingham, 

Interstate Consolidated (of R. I.), 
Interstate Consolidated (of K. I.), 
Newton & Boston, 
Pittsfield £lectric, 
Sbelburne Falls & Colrain, . 
Springfield, ..... 
West End (Boston), . 
West Rozbury & Roslindale, 

Total amount authorized, 



March 

January 

October 

July 

May 

December 

November 

December 

February 

April 

September 

February 

January 

July 



4, 1896, 
10, 1896, 
28, 1896, 
20, 1896, 

8, 1896, 
20, 1896, 
16, 1896, 
26, 1896, 
18, 1896, 

9, 1896, 
18, 1896, 

6, 1896, 
10, 1896, 
24, 1896, 



♦20,000 
66,000 

126,000 
80.000 

100,000 

126,000 
60,000 
60,000 
26,000 
36,000 
60,000 

200,000 
2,276,000 

100,000 



13,260,000 



Floating Debt. 

The amount of real estate mortgages outstanding September 
30, 1896, was $49,100. 

The total unfunded debt, including the above mortgages, was 
$6,153,896 — an increase of $988,000 over the previous year. 

The gross debt, funded and unfunded, was $30,389,896 — 
an increase of $2,939,500. 

The net debt (the gross debt less $1,911,651 of cash and 
current assets) was $28,478,245 — an increase of $3,455,999. 
In computing the net debt, the sum of $1,493,025 returned 
under the head of <^ miscellaneous assets," covering materials 
and supplies on hand, etc., is not included with cash and cur- 
rent assets in the deduction from gross debt. 

The funded debt, unfunded debt, gross debt, cash and cur- 
rent assets, and net debt, for each of the last ten years, are 
shown in the following table : — 



«4 



STREET RAILWAY COMPANIES. 



[Jan. 



Funded, Unfunded, Gross and Net Debt, 1887-1896. 



TEARS. 


Fnnded Debt. 


Unfanded 
Debt* 


Oross Debt. 


Cesh 

and Carrent 

▲saete. 


NetDebtf 


1887, . 


94^50,242 


(1,897,466 


$6,447,708 


tl,189,687 


t5,258,021 


1888, . 




5,134,042 


2,435,209 


7,569,251 


1,227,020 


6,342,231 


1889, . 




5,399,042 


8,100.198 


8,499,240 


1,371,882 


7,127,358 


1890, . 




6,027,942 


4,704,917 


10,732,859 


2,184,886 


8,547,973 


1891, . 




7,316,500 


4,340,316 


11,656,816 


3,713,164 


7.943,652 


1892, . 




9,970,150 


5,234,128 


15,204,278 


3,932,490 


11.271,788 


1893, . 




14,109,000 


9,597,113 


23,706,113 


2,939,010 


20,767,103 


1894, . 




19,188,000 


6,861,020 


26,049,020 


3,825,887 


22,223,133 


1896, . 




22,284,500 


5,165,896 


27.450,396 


2,428,150 


25,022,246 


1896, . 




24,236,000 


6,153,896 


30,389,896 


1,911,651 


28,478,245 



* Including roal estate mortgages. t Gross debt less cash and current assets. 

Volume of Traffic. 

The total number of passengers carried during the last year 
on the railways of the eighty-three companies making returns 
to the Board, was 292,358,943 — an increase of 32,564,635 
passengers over the previous year. The number of passengers 
carried on the street railways exceeded the number carried on 
the railroads of the State, by 180,729,892. 



Volume of Traffic for Ten Tears, 1S87-1896. 



YEAB8. 


Total Paaaeogers 
Carried. 


Total Car M Uaa 
Run. 


Total Boand 
Trlpa Bun. 


Average Pas- 


1887, . . . . 


124,787,328 


20,625,846 


3,222,607 


39 


1888, 








134,478,319 


23,244,767 


3,220,578 


42 


1889, . 








148,189,403 


24,259,491 


3,446,769 


43 


1890, 








164,873,846 


26,516,937 


3,764,816 


44 


1891, . 








176,090,189 


27,670,166 


3,958,455 


44 


1892, . 








194,171,942 


29,678,036 


4,168,458 


47 


1893, , 








213,552,009 


34,507.282 


4,481.171 


48 


1894. . 








220,464,099 


86.722,978 


4,662,786 


47 


1895, 








259,794,308 


43,655,560 


5,179,234 


50 


1896. . 


» i 


t 4 




292,358,943 


58,613,685 


6,004,809 


49 



1897.] 



VOLUME OF TRAFFIC. 



95 



The total number of miles run by street cars the last year 
was 53,613,685 — an increase of 9,958,125 miles over the 
previous year. The total number of round trips run was 
6,004,809 — an increase of 825,575 in the number of trips. 
The average number of passengers carried per round trip was 
49 — one less than in 1895. 

The preceding table gives the total volume of traffic, itemized 
as above, for each of the last ten years. 

Over one-third (11,630,782) of the increase in number of 
passengers the last year, was on the West End railway. Its 
large comparative density of traffic is seen below. 



Density of Traffic. 

By ^' density of traffic," as applied to street railways, may 
be understood the average annual number of passengers car- 
ried per total mile of main track operated. The density of 
traffic on a street railway system, other conditions being sim- 
ilar, is a measure of its earning capacity. 

The following table shows the volume and the density of 
traffic the last year on all of the Massachusetts railways com- 
bined, and on the ten leading railways in detail : — 

Volume and Density of Street Railway Traffic in 1896. 



RAILWAY COMPANIKS. 


Total 

Puaengen 

Carried. 


Arerafe Mnmbar 
per Mile of Main 
Track Operated. 


Avntige Nom- 

ber per Ronod 

Trip Run. 


All Massachusetts companies, 


292,368,948 


1 

226,462 49 

1 


Brockton, 

Olobe (Fall River), 

Holjoke, 

Lowell, Lawrence & Haverhill, 

Lowell & Snbtirban, 

Lynn & Boston, .... 

Springfield, 

Union (New Bedford), . 
West End (Boston), 
Worcester Consolidated, . 


6,227,923 
6,326,287 
3,440,600 
8,206,411 
7,680,940 

26.791311 
10.163,011 

6,092,087 
166^2.288 

9,744,026 


161,664 
240,707 
164.331 
144.223 
132,471 
179,186 
180.647 
322,988 
648,668 
270,172 


41 

84 
84 
67 
26 
49 
38 
40 
69 
33 


Averages (ten companies), 


26,063,428 


846,681 


61 



96 



STREET RAILWAY COMPANIES. 



[Jan. 



Eabnings and Expenses of Operation. 

The following table gives the gross earnings from operation , 
the operating expenses, the percentage of operating expenses to 
gross earnings, and the net earnings, for each of the last ten 
years : — 

Percentage of OpercUing Expenses to Oross Earnings^ 1887-1896. 



TSARS. 


OroM Earnings 
lyom Op«ratlon. 


Operating 
Ezpensoa. 


Percentage 

ofExpenaetto 

Earnings. 


Net Earnings. 


1887, . 

1888, . 

1889, . 

1890, . 

1891, . 
1893, . 

1893, . 

1894, . 

1895, . 

1896, . 






t6,381,404 

6,824,317 

7,623.676 

8,348,286 

8,861,841 

9,798,060 

10332.174 

11,119,846 

13.184,342 

14,844,262 


16,284,707 
6,532,797 
6,898,804 
6,244,208 
6,746,304 
7,029,479 
7,601,846 
7,729,069 
9,088,086 

10,663,371 


82.81 
81.07 
78.40 
74.80 
76.18 
71.74 
69.26 
69.51 
68.08 
71.16 


fl,096,697 
1,291,620 
1,624,771 
2,104.077 
2,116,637 
2,768,681 
3,330,329 
3,890,787 
4,096,266 
4,280391 


Averag 


68, , 


$9,771,811 


17,161,866 


78.29 


$2,609,946 



The tables on the opposite page give for each of the last ten 
years the average gross earnings, the operating expenses, and 
the net earnings from operation, (1) per total mile of main 
track owned, (2) per round trip ran, (3) per car mile run, and 
(4) per passenger carried — showing thus more in detail the 
changes from year to year in the earnings, cost, and net results 
of operation. 

The first table on page 98 gives the percentage of operating 
expenses to gross earnings, and the net earnings per mile of 
main track operated, per round trip run, per car mile run, and 
per passenger carried, on each of the ten leading railways, with 
their combined averages. These ten companies represent 77 
per cent of the entire capital investment, operate 56 per cent 
of the total railway mileage, and carry 86 per cent of the 
whole number of passengers, pertaining to all of the eighty- 
three Massachusetts street railways. Over 57 per cent of all 
the passengers are carried on the West End railway alone. 



1897.] 



EARNINGS AND EXPENSES. 



97 



Qrosa and Net Earnings from Operation per MUe oj Main Track 
Owned and per Round Trip Bun, 1887-1896. 









AVBSAOK 


PBB Milk ov Tsack. | 


ATBBAOB PBB ROCKD TRIP. 


TEARS. 


OroM 
Eamloga. 


Expenses 

of 
Operation. 


Net 

Eamloffs. 


Gross 
Earnings. 


Expenses 

of 
Operation. 


Net 

Earnings. 


1887, . 


$13,670 


911,229 


t2,341 


91 98 


91 64 


$0 34 


1888, 






12,789 


10,369 


2,420 


2 12 


1 72 


40 


1889, 






13,103 


10,274 


2,829 


2 18 


1 71 


47 


1890, . 






13,632 


10,197 


3,435 


2 22 


1 66 


56 


1891, . 






13,178 


10,032 


3,146 


2 24 


1 70 


54 


1892, , 






12,980 


9,312 


3.668 


2 35 


1 69 


66 


1893, 






12,392 


8,582 


3,810 


2 41 


1 67 


74 


1894, . 






11,972 


8,321 


3,651 


2 39 


1 66 


73 


1895, 






12,127 


8,359 


3,768 ' 

1 


2 55 


1 75 


80 


1896, . 






11,627 


8,274 


3,353 ' 


2 47 


1 76 


71 


Avei 


rages 


, 


$12,565 


t9,209 


t3,356 


92 32 


91 70 


fO 62 



Gross and Net Earninqs from Operation per Car Mile Run and per 

Passenger Carried, 1887 --1896. 









AVBBAOB PBB CAB MXLB. 


1 

ATBBAOB PBB PABBBHaBB. 


TEARS. 


Orosa 
Earnings. 


Expenses 

of 
Operation. 


Net 
Earnings. 


1 

1 Gross 
, Earnings. 

1 


Expense! 

of 
Operation. 


Net 

Earnings. 




Cents. 


Cents. 


Cents. 


Cents. 


Cents. 


Cents. 


1887, 






30.94 


25.62 


5.32 


5.11 


4.23 


.88 


1888, 






29.36 


23.80 


5.56 


5.07 


4.11 


.96 


1889, . 






30.98 


25.71 


5.27 ' 


5.07 


3.98 


1.09 


1890, . 






31.48 


23.87 


7.61 ' 

1 


5.06 


3.79 


1.27 


1891, . 






32.03 


24.38 


7.65 , 


> 5.03 


. 3.83 


1.20 


1892, . 






33.01 


23.69 


9.32 


5.05 

1 


3.62 


1.43 


1893, . 






31.39 


21.74 


9.65 


1 5.07 


3.51 


1.56 


1894, . 






80.28 


21.05 


9.23 1 


1 5.04 


3.50 


1.54 


1895, . 






30.20 


20.82 


9.38 


5.07 


8.50 


1.57 


1896, . 






27.69 


19.70 


7.99 


; 5.08 


3.61 


1.47 


Ayei 


rages 


. 


30.49 

1 


22.35 


8.14 ; 

1 


' 5.07 

1 


3.71 


1.36 



98 



STREET RAILWAY COMPANIES. 



[Jan. 



Operating Expenaeg avd Net Earnings (Ten Baihaayt). 





Pcrorat- 

ageof 

Opttnuinc 

lEzpenaea 

toOroM 
Eamlncs. 


Vet EAsn«a« pkb 


RAILWAY COMPAiriER. 


Mneof 

Track 

Operated. 


Roand Trip 
Sun. 


Car Mile 
Kan. 


Pusoi- 
Carried. 


Brockton, 

Globe (Fall River), . 

Holjoke, 

Lowell, Lawrence & Haverhill, 
Lowell & Snbarban, . 
Lynn & Boston, .... 
Springfield, .... 
Union (New Bedford), 
West End (Boston), . 
Worcester Consolidated, . 


62.08 
64.58 

60.44 
6S.02 
59.01 
61.66 
61.41 
75.04 
75.61 


t2,832 
4,602 
2,728 
2,861 
2,673 
3,894 
3,666 
6,486 
7302 
2,976 


$0.77 
0.62 
0.61 
1.13 
0.61 
1.07 
0.74 
0.69 
0.72 
0.41 


Centa. 
9.01 

9.22 
7.67 

11.28 
8.27 

10.83 
8.49 

11.67 
7.77 
6.21 


Oenta. 
1.87 

1.81 

1.77 

1.98 
1.94 
2.17 
1.97 
1.70 
1.20 
1.23 


Averages, .... 


71.45 


14,979 


•0.73 


8.40 


1.44 



^ Emplotees and Equipment. 

The number of persons employed by the street railway com- 
panies, and also the number of cars, vehicles and horses owned, 
are given in the following table for each of the last ten years. 
The number of electric motors owned is given for the last four 
years, not having been reported prior to 1893 : — 

Employees and Equipment^ 1887-1896. 



TEARS. 



Employees. 



Can. 



Other 
Vehlclea. 



Horsee. 



Electrlo 
Motora. 



1887, 
1888, 
1889, 
1890, 
1891, 
1892, 
1893, 
1894, 
1896, 
1896, 



6,222 


2,633 


148 


11,874 


6,631 


2,688 


439 


11,391 


6,302 


2,942 


428 


11,817 


6,246 


3,247 


667 


11,241 


6,449 


3,494 


677 


10,640 


7.186 


3.679 


662 


6,734 


8,070 


4,040 


681 


3,631 


7,461 


4,068 


1,790 


2,014 


8,048 


4,426 


1,766 


1,436 


9,130 


4,913 


1,876 


878 



3,018 
3,906 
4,704 
6,968 



1897.] 



ACCIDENTS. 



99 



Street Railway AooroBNTS.* 

The whole number of persons injured in connection with 
street railway operation, as reported by the companies for the 
year ending September 30, 1896, was 1,766 ; of whom 26 
received fatal injuries, and 1,740 received injuries not fatal. 

The number of passengers injured was 1,124, of whom hut 
10 were injured fatally. Most of the accidents to passengers 
(as usual) occurred as they were getting on or off cars, in the 
great majority of cases while the car was in motion. 

The injuries to employees were 57 in all, only one of which 
was fatal. 

The number of injuries to travellers and others on the street 
was 585, of which 15 were fatal. 

Of the whole 1,766 injured, at least 57 were children. The 
reports in some cases do not indicate whether the person injured 
was a child or an adult ; and it has been assumed in such cases 
that the person was an adult. Of the 57 children injured, 11 
were fatally hurt. 

In the following table the accidents of the last year are 
classified as above, and are compared with those of the pre- 
vious year : — 



Summary of Accidents Reported in 1895 and 1896. 





KlLLBD. 


IXJURKD. 


Total. 


KILLED AUD INJURKD. 


i8»a. 


1S96. 


189S. 


18»6. 


1895. 


1886. 


Passengers, . 
Employees, . 
Other persons. 


7 
18 


10 

1 

15 


891 

45 

546 


1,114 

56 

570 


898 

45 

564 


1,124 

57 

585 


Totals, . 


25 


26 


1,482 


1,740 


1,507 


1,766 


Adults, . • f . 
Children, 


15 
10 


15 
11 


1.482 
50 


1,694 
46 


1,447 
60 


1,709 
57 


Totals, . 


25 


26 


1,482 


1,740 


1.507 


1,766 



• For Tabulated Statement of Acddente in oonnectloD with the eeveral rallwayfl, in 
detail, Bee Appendix. 



100 STREET RAILWAY COMPANIES. [Jan. 

It appears that 3 more passengers and one more employee 
were fatally injured in the last than in the previous year ; while 
the number of travellers and others on the street who received 
fatal injuries, was 3 less. 

Of those receiving injuries not fatal, there were reported 
223 more passengers, 11 more employees, and 24 more trav- 
ellers and others, than in 1895. 

Altogether, there appear to have been injured, fatally and 
otherwise, 226 more passengers, 12 more employees, and 21 
more of other persons, — in all 259 more, — than the previous 
year. This, we think, is partly due to the increase of travel 
and traffic, on the streets as well as on the cars, and still more, 
perhaps, to the fact that the companies, or some of them, in 
accordance with suggestions of the Board, are returning from 
year to year a larger proportion than formerly of slight or even 
trivial accidents. There has apparently been nothing the last 
year to make the general conditions of street railway operation 
more hazardous than the year before. 

The table on the opposite page is intended to exhibit as fully 
as may be the actual as well as the comparative risk of injury 
in connection with street railway operation, by giving for each 
of the three years named in the table the ratio of passengers 
and employees fatally or otherwise injured to the whole num- 
ber of each class, and also the ratio as regards them and persons 
injured on the street to the total length of railway line oper- 
ated and amount of car service performed. The last two years 
are thus compared in the table with each other. The year 1888 
is also selected for comparison, because this was the last year 
in which the operation was wholly by horse power ; and it is 
desired to show, so far as the data furnished by the reports of 
the companies will permit, the relative dangers attending the 
use of horse and electric power. 

The comparison thus made will be the more satisfactory as 
regards fatal injuries, since it must be presumed that these 
have always been fully reported. Without going into particu- 
lars, it may be said that the proportion of passengers and 
employees killed during the last two years of electric opera- 
tion, appears by the table to have been on the whole about the 
same as with the use of horse power in 1888, while the ratio 
of persons killed on the street to total mileage operated, round 
trips and car miles run, has not been materially larger. 



1897.] 



ACCIDENTS. 



101 



Batio of Accidents to Number of Passengers^ Employees^ etc.y in 1888 , 

1895 and 1896. 



PASSENGERS CARRIED, ETC. 



1M8.* 



is»a. 



1S96. 



Passengers carried, 
Employees (total), 
Miles of main track 
Round trips mn, 
Car miles run, 



Passengera Killed, 

Ratio to all passengers, 
Ratio to miles of track, 
Ratio to round trips, 
Ratio to car miles, . 

Passengers Injuredp 

Ratio to all passengers, 
Ratio to miles of track. 
Ratio to ronnd trips. 
Ratio to car miles, . 

Employees Killed, 

Ratio to all employees, 
Ratio to miles of track. 
Ratio to ronnd trips. 
Ratio to car miles, . 

Employees h^ured. 

Ratio to all employees, 
Ratio to miles of track, 
Ratio to ronnd trips. 
Ratio to car miles, . 



Other Persons Killed, 

Ratio to miles of track, . 
Ratio to ronnd trips, 
Ratio to car miles, . 

Other Persons Ir^red, 

Ratio to miles of track, . 
Ratio to ronnd trips, 
Ratio to car miles, . 

Total Killed, . 

Ratio to miles of track, . 
Ratio to ronnd trips, 
Ratio to car miles, 

Total Injured, . 

Ratio to miles of track, . 
Ratio to round trips, 
Ratio to car miles, . 



Total Killed and Injured, 

Ratio to miles of track, . 
Ratio to round trips, 
Ratio to car miles, . 



134,478,319 

5,531 

633.69 

8,220,678 

23,244,767 



1 to 33,619,680 
1 to 133.40 
1 to 805,146 
1 to 5,811,192 



1 to 
1 to 
1 to 
1 to 



140 

960,559 

3.81 

23,004 

166,034 



1 to 5.631 

1 to 533.69 
1 to 3,220,678 
1 to 23,244,767 



11 

603 

48.61 

292,780 



1 to 

1 to 
1 to 
1 to 2,113,161 



1 to 
1 to 
1 to 



1 to 
1 to 
1 to 



1 to 
1 to 
1 to 



1 to 
1 to 
1 to 



1 to 
1 to 

1 to 



6 

88.93 

636,763 

3,874,128 

76 

7.02 

42,376 

305,852 

11 

48.51 

292,780 

2,113,161 

227 

2.35 

14,188 
102,400 

238 

2.24 
13,532 
97,667 



1 
1 
1 
1 



259,794,308 

8.048 

1,08718 

6,179,234 

43,655,660 



to 37,113,473 
to 155.31 
to 739,891 
to 6.236,509 



1 to 
1 to 
1 to 

1 to 



1 to 
1 to 
1 to 
1 to 



1 to 
1 to 
1 to 



1 to 
1 to 
1 to 



1 to 
1 to 
1 to 



1 to 
1 to 
1 to 



1 to 
1 to 

1 to 



891 

291,576 

1.22 

6,813 

48,996 



O 



45 

179 

24.16 

115,094 

970,124 

18 

60.40 

287,735 

2,425,309 

546 

1.99 

9,846 

79,996 

25 

43.49 

207,169 

1.746,222 

1,482 

.73 

3,495 

29,467 

1,507 

.72 

3,437 

28,969 



I 



292,368,948 

9,130 

1,291.04 

6,004,809 

53,613,686 

10 

1 to 29,236,894 
1 to 129.10 
1 to 600,481 
1 to 6,361,369 

1,114 

1 to • 262.441 

1 to 1.16 

1 to 6,390 

1 to 48,127 



1 to 9,130 

1 to 1,291.04 

1 to 6,004,809 

1 to 63.613,686 



1 to 
1 to 
1 to 
1 to 



1 to 
1 to 
1 to 



1 to 
1 to 
1 to 



1 to 
1 to 
1 to 



1 to 
1 to 
1 to 



1 to 
1 to 
1 to 



56 

163 

23.06 

107,229 

967,387 

15 

86.07 

400,821 

3,674,246 

570 

2.26 
10.534 
94,059 

26 

49.66 

230,964 

2,062,066 

1,740 

.74 

3,451 

30,812 

1,766 

.73 

3,400 

30.359 



* Operation wholly by horse power. 



102 STREET RAILWAY COMPANIES. [Jan. 

The ratio of non-fatal accidents or injuries appears by the 
table to have been considerably greater the last two years than 
in 1888. To just what extent this is due to the fuller reports 
of slight accidents which have been made in the later years, as 
before mentioned, it is impossible to say. The greater speed 
of the electric service undoubtedly contributes to accidents of 
this class, especially to the large proportion of accidents, most 
of them slight, which result from attempting to take or leave a 
car, or from falling or being thrown from a car, while the car 
is in motion. In all kinds of locomotion, speed is attained 
with some sacrifice of safety, and no where more so than on 
the street railway. Any high degree of railway speed is abso- 
lutely incompatible with the safety of other street travel. 

The 'record of the last two years indicates, however, that on 
the street railway lines of this State only one out of 32,500,000 
passengers is likely to meet with fatal casualty, and that but 
one out of 275,000 passengers will receive any injury, however 
slight ; and that cars are run on an average about 30,000 miles 
without mishap of any sort to passenger, employee, traveller 
on the street or other person. 

Review of the Year. 

Railway Construction. 

There were added the last year over 175 milesto the length 
of the railway lines* owned by the Massachusetts companies, 
new and old, and nearly 200 miles to their total mileage, reck- 
oning mileage (as has been the custom) by the length of main 
track. This is about 50 miles more than in any previous year, 
and nearly three times the average of the preceding ten years, 
including the entire period since the introduction of electric 
motive power. In view of the general stagnation of other 
business enterprise, this indicates an exceptional degree of con- 
fidence and courage with respect to street railway projection. 

Nearly 27 miles of original horse railway were also recon- 
structed for electric operation, and there now remain but about 
35 miles (less than 3 per cent) which are operated by horse 
power only. The number of horses has dropped to 878. 
With the same number of passengers per horse as in 1888, it 
would have taken 24,764 horses to do the work of the last year. 



1897.] REVIEW OF THE YEAR. 103 

Capital InvestmenL 

Twenty years ago, the street railway system of this State 
represented a capital investment (reckoning as such the amount 
of outstanding capital stock and net funded and floating debt) 
of $7,687,000 ; and ten years ago, the investment had increased 
to only $13,314,000. At the end of the last year, it stood at 
$59,206,000, — so that in the ten years since 1886 it has con- 
siderably more than quadrupled. The financial stake is still 
far below that represented by the railroad corporations of the 
State, whose capital investment (reckoned as above) amounts 
to $343,376,000, having increased about 70 per cent in the last 
decade. The railway interest has ceased, however, to be so 
comparatively insignificant as it was twenty or even ten years 
ago ; and the street railway system, financially and otherwise, 
can no longer be regarded as of trifling importance, present 
or prospective. 

It has been commonly stated and believed that the street 
railway companies, owing to the supposed frailty of the tenure 
by which they hold their locations or roadways, have been un- 
able to borrow money on the security of their bonds, whether 
mortgage or otherwise, except at a considerable disadvantage, 
in comparison with the railroad corporations, as regards rate 
of interest. It appears, however, that the average rate of 
bonded interest now paid by the Massachusetts street railway 
companies (4.98 per cent) is less than one-quarter of one per 
cent (exactly .21 of one per cent) higher than the correspond- 
ing average rate paid by our railroad corporations.* 

Volume of Traffic. 

The remarkable growth of street railway traffic for some 
years past has been traced in previous reports ; and though 
not quite so rapid the last as the preceding year, has still been 
almost phenomenal. There was (as seen on page 94) a gain 
of 39,300,000 passengers in 1895, and of 32,600,000 in 1896. 
While the railroad corporations of this State (as seen on page 
8) carried the last year 10,179,000 fewer passengers than in 
the year preceding the panic of 1893, the street railway com- 
panies carried 78,807,000 more passengers than in that year. 

* See note on page 10, anU, 



104 



STREET RAILWAY COMPANIES. 



[Jan. 



This seems to enforce the truth of a remark made in the report 
of two years ago, upon a less remarkable showing of facts than 
now, that street railway transportation is not dependent, as a 
luxury or otherwise, upon conditions of general financial and 
business prosperity, but is to be ranked among the absolute 
necessities of modern life. 



Financial Results, 

As shown in detail on preceding pages, the companies added 
the last year $5,975,104 to their assets, and $5,760,633 to 
their liabilities — thereby increasing their aggregate surplus by 
$214,471; and the percentage of the surplus to capital stock 
has now risen from its lowest ebb of 2.09 per cent in 1893, to 
3.48 per cent, though still below the average (4.65 per cent) 
for the last ten years. 

The net earnings from operation were greater by $184,635, 
and the net divisible income greater by $23,421, than the pre- 
vious year ; but the amount of dividends declared was larger 
by $196,652, which left the profit balance or surplus for the 
year ($477,929) less by $173,231 than in 1895. The average 
dividend rate of the dividend-paying companies was 6.82 as 
against 6.63 per cent the year before. It is apparent that 
some of the companies divided the last year too much to their 
stockholders. Forty out of the 83 companies, however, paid 
no dividends; though the capital stock of these companies 
amounted to only $4,283,000 out of the total $30,728,000 of 
capital stock. 

Conditions of Street Railway Operation in 1886^ 1891 and 1896, 



CAPITAL INYESTMEKT, EARNINGS, ETC. 


1S8«. 


1S91. 


ISM. 


Capital inyestment * per mile, .... 


$32,663 


$40,890 


$46,393 




Percent 


Per Cent. 


Percent. 


Railway electrically equipped. 


— 


42.98 


97.25 


Operating expenses to gross earnings, . 


80.04 

• 


76.18 


71.16 


Net earnings to capital investment, . 


8.67 


7.68 


7.28 


Divisible income to capital stock, . 


8.67 


6.64 


7.24 


Dividends paid to capital stock, 


5.41 


5.68 


5.87 


Surplus to capital stock, 


15.01 


2.90 


8.48 



* Ontetandiog capital stock and net fnoded and floating debt per mile of main track. 



1897.] REVIEW OF THE YEAR. 105 

Gomparative Remits. 

The preceding table, which is similar to tables in previous 
reports, is designed to present to the eye the data for an easy 
comparison, by the more familiar and decisive tests, of the 
general conditions and results of street railway operation at 
the beginning, middle and end of the last decade, before and 
during the period of the use of electric motive power. It 
seems to require here no further explanation or comment. 

Ratio of Operating Expense. 

During the last three years of operation wholly by horse 
power (1886-88), the percentage of operating expenses to 
gross earnings ranged from 80.04 to 82.81 per cent. In 1895, 
when nearly nineteen-twentieths of the railway mileage had 
been equipped for electric power, the ratio of operating ex- 
pense had fallen, at first by rapid and then by slower and 
slightly fluctuating gradations, to 68.93 per cent. The last 
year it has advanced again to 71.16 per cent, or to the scale 
of three or four years ago. 

In the 25th annual report (January, 1894, page 108), in 
commenting upon the remarkable reduction which up to that 
time had occurred in the ratio of operating expense, attention 
was called to the fact that the electric railways, with their 
power plants and electric equipment, were all of new or recent 
construction ; that the cost of repairs and renewals was con- 
sequently for the time being, and for some years would be, 
comparatively small ; and that the normal cost of the main- 
tenance of the electric system would not probably have been 
fully tested and known, until the time for more extensive re- 
pairs and renewals had arrived. 

It cannot be confidently affirmed that the anticipated period 
of heavier expense has now arrived or has begun to set in. It 
may turn out that the advance of 2.23 per cent in the ratio of 
operating expense last year was merely an accidental or tem- 
porary fluctuation. It will be found, however, by referring to 
the tabulations in the Appendix, and by comparing the ratios 
of operating expense as there given for the several companies 
with their corresponding ratios for the previous year, that the 
advances appear more frequently in the ratios of the older and 



106 STREET RAILWAY COMPANIES. [Jan. 

larger companies which were among the first to baild or recon- 
struct their railways for operation by electric power. It has 
been seen on page 98, that the average ratio of operating ex- 
pense for the ten leading companies was the last year 71.45 
per cent. The year before it was 68.98 per cent. This is an 
increase of 2.47 per cent, which is more than the average in- 
crease in the ratio of expense for all of the companies com- 
bined, and is of course amply sufficient to account for the latter. 

Multiplication of Gompanies, 

As appears on the statistical pages of the report, there were 
organized the last year eleven new street railway companies 
under the general law, and eight more were chartered by 
special act ; though only two of the latter have as yet given 
signs of active life. 

At the end of the year, there were in actual existence 82 
corporations, 81 of which owned constructed railways with an 
aggregate length of 1,277 miles. Eight of these companies 
had leased their railways to be operated by other companies ; 
so that there were left 73 companies to operate the whole of 
the existing mileage. If this mileage had been evenly dis- 
tributed, each company would have had about 17^ miles of 
railway ; but ten of these companies, which have been referred 
to on previous pages as the leading city and suburban com- 
panies, were operating over 700 miles of the total mileage, so 
that there was left for the other 63 companies an average of 
only about 9 miles of railway each ; and there were in fact at 
least 25 companies whose railways averaged less than 4^ miles 
in length. 

While the formation of new corporations for the building of 
short local or connecting lines seems to be sometimes expedient 
if not necessary, the prolonged existence and independent 
operation of so many small companies is in some important 
respects undesirable both for the companies and the public. 
There can be little question that the merger by lease or con- 
solidation of many of the smaller companies with each other, 
or with larger companies to whose systems they naturally 
belong, might often result in securing greater economy and 
efficiency of management, and in thereby giving to the public 
a more convenient and in some cases a cheaper service. In 



1897.] THE BOSTON SUBWAY. 107 

this view, some general legislation which, under proper guards 
and restrictions, might tend to facilitate such union, would 
seem to be in the direction of both the corporate and the pub- 
lic interest. 

The Boston Subway. 

The statutes which provide for the construction of subways 
in the city of Boston, intrust the execution of the work to a 
board of five commissioners, to be known as the Boston Tran- 
sit Commission. This commission is also empowered, in the 
name of the city of Boston, to enter into contracts relative to 
the subways built under its direction, but ** subject to the ap- 
proval of the board of railroad commissioners." Stats. 1893, 
ch. 478; 1894, ch. 548; 1895, ch. 440; and 1896, ch. 492. 

On the 15th of December last, we were advised that the com- 
mission had entered into such a contract with the West £nd 
Street Railway Company ; and the contract, duly executed by 
a majority of the commission and by that company, was sub- 
mitted for our approval. 

After notice to the mayor of Boston and general notice by 
advertisement, public hearings were given on December 21, 23 
and 24, which were attended by a large number of persons, 
many of whom were heard in favor of or in objection to such 
approval. The novelty of the contract, the peculiar nature of 
the structure to which it relates, the variety of the interests in- 
volved, and the controverted questions of public policy which 
the subject-matter raises or suggests, had naturally given rise 
to marked diversities of opinion regarding the scope and merits 
of the contract in question ; and it was sought with much ear- 
nestness and vigor of argument, from one standpoint or another, 
to impress these different views upon the Board. 

The contract may be conveniently considered in the two as- 
pects in which it was discussed at the hearings — first, as it 
affects by its terms the parties to the contract; and second, as 
it may affect in its operation the interests of the public. 

1. The immediate parties to the contract are the city of 
Boston and the West End Street Railway Company, in their 
respective corporate capacities. As between these parties, the 
facts are few and plain. The city, the grantor in the contract; 
has built for a specific purpose and is the owner of a costly 
structure, to wit, the subway. It desires to see this structure 



108 STREET RAILWAY COMPANIES. [Jan. 

utilized for its intended purpose, and at the same time to be re- 
imbursed for its cost. The railway company, the grantee, in 
its business as a common carrier of passengers, can advanta- 
geously use the property of the city for the purpose for which it 
was designed, and desires to acquire the right to such use. The 
two parties accordingly enter into negotiations through their 
duly accredited representatives, as the result of which they 
agree upon the terms embodied in the contract now under con- 
sideration. 

Omitting minor and incidental provisions, the terms of the 
contract, as between the immediate parties, appear to be 
these : The city on its part grants to the railway company for 
the term of twenty years, the entire use and occupation of the 
subway for track locations, and for the construction and main- 
tenance therein of the roadways and apparatus necessary for 
the operation of its railway. The company may also under 
certain limitations grant to third parties permission to place 
and maintain '* wires, conduits for wires or pneumatic tubes" 
in the subway, and may receive compensation therefor ; and it 
may besides, if the city can lawfully give such right, maintain 
on the subway platforms booths of suitable size for the sale of 
newspapers and periodicals. No other rights or privileges in 
the subway appear to be granted to the railway company. 

The grantee on its part agrees to construct and maintain all 
the tracks and equipments necessary for railway operation ; 
to keep the subway clean, dry, properly lighted and ventilated, 
and to provide and maintain the power, machinery and appa- 
ratus requisite for these purposes ; to keep the stations and their 
approaches free from ice and snow ; to maintain the subway in 
good order and repair, and to restore it in this condition at the 
termination of the contract ; to assume the risk of all damages 
resulting to itself from structural or other defects in the sub- 
way, and to hold the city harmless from all damages to persons 
or property arising from its operation and use ; and to do each 
and all of these things at its own sole cost and expense. The 
grantee further binds itself to pay to the grantor, as compen- 
sation for the use of the subway, a minimum annual sum of 
money equal to 4| per cent of its actual net cost ; and in case 
a car toll, reckoned at five cents or more per car (according to 
length), should in any year amount in the aggregate to more 



1897.] THE BOSTON SUBWAY. 109 

than such minimum sum, then to pay to the city such larger 
amount. 

The effect of these stipulations appears to be that, except in 
the possible case of loss or damage arising from the < ' act of 
God, public enemies," or other specified cause external to the 
subway and beyond the grantee's control, the city will be 
subject to no cost or expense for the equipment, repair or 
maintenance of the subway, and to no liability attending its 
use and operation ; so that the gross annual stipend will be 
available, without diminution, to pay the accruing interest on 
the subway loan, and to build up a sinking fund for its re- 
demption at maturity. 

2. Having so far considered the contract only in the light of 
a business contract between the owner and hirer of property, 
we may next inquire how far its provisions are intended and 
adapted to secure or guard the public interests. 

The recitals of the instrument and its references to the sub- 
way acts clearly recognize the fact that the subway has been 
built for a public purpose, and is to be used by the grantee for 
a public service. One of its clauses specifically provides that 
the railway tracks, with the appointments and apparatus 
necessary for their '^safe and convenient operation," shall be 
maintained <^ in first-class condition ; " and that in all respects, 
including light and ventilation, the subway shall be completely 
equipped and furnished <' for the convenient maintenance and 
operation of a railway therein, and for the safety and accom- 
modation of the passengers upon said railway." 

We should not have been satisfied, however, if the duties of 
the railway company with respect to the public service in the 
subway had been left by any implication to depend merely 
upon a construction of the standards or rules laid down in the 
contract ; and the contract does not so leave them. Its final 
clause, placing in an unmistakable light the intent in this 
regard, expressly provides that the grantee company 

shall, with respect to the railway and tracks located in the subway, 
and the equipment, use and operation thereof, and transportation 
thereon, have all the powers and privileges, and be subject to all 
the duties, liabilities, restrictions and provisions, set forth in the 
general laws which now are or hereafter may be in force relating 
to street railways and street railway companies, and in any other 



110 STREET RAILWAY COMPANIES. [Jan. 

laws or acts which are or may be applicable to the party of the Beoond 
part [the railway company], so for as the same are not or may not be 
inconsistent with the grants herein specifically made. 

With the provisions and regulations of public law thus made 
by explicit reference a part of the contract, we understand the 
effect of the whole instrument, so far as it bears upon the 
public interest, to be this : The grantee company is given an 
irrevocable right, for the term of twenty years, to the entire 
use and occupation of the subway for railway purposes. In 
that particular, and in that only, does the contract confer upon 
the grantee a peculiar or exceptional privilege. With re- 
spect, on the contrary, to <^ the railway and tracks located in 
the subway, and the equipment, use and operation thereof, and 
transportation thereon," — and the terms could hardly be 
broader, — the grantee company will be as fully subject to 
public supervision and regulation, and to the provisions and 
requirements of all general and special laws now in force or 
hereafter enacted, as will this or any other like company be 
with respect to a railway or track located upon the surface of a 
public street. In all these particulars, the contract furnishes 
no exemption or shield. The grantee, like all such corpora- 
tions, must here depend for the protection of its interests upon 
the wisdom and the justice of the law-making power. 

Having thus indicated as fully as seems necessary for the 
present purpose, what the provisions of the contract, as affect- 
ing both the parties and the public, appear to be, it may be 
proper to note some of the objections that were offered to its 
approval by the Board. 

(1.) It was objected that the Boston Transit Commission, 
in making the contract in question, had exceeded the powers 
conferred upon it by the subway acts ; and it was claimed in 
particular that the commission had only the power to grant 
locations for tracks in the subway, and to fix by contract the 
terms, conditions, privileges and rates of compensation, which 
should attach to such locations and the use thereof. Such 
seems to have been the effect of the earlier act, St. 1894, c. 
548, §35 ; but by an amending act, St. 1895, c. 440, §6, the 
commission is empowered to enter into contracts for *< locations 



1897.] THE BOSTON SUBWAY. Ill 

for tracks and other rights" in the subway, od such terms and 
conditions, and containing such stipulations and provisions for 
the security of the city of Boston, the Commonwealth, and all 
other parties, including the contracting company, as to the 
commission shall seem just and reasonable. These are very 
broad powers, and we are unable to see that the commission 
has gone beyond them in the present case. 

(2.) It was objected or suggested that the contract might 
have the effect to take away or impair the existing power of the 
board of aldermen to revoke locations of the grantee's surface 
tracks which connect with or feed the subway tracks, or its 
power to grant conflicting or competing locations. This would 
be if at all a purely legal effect of the contract, and not the re- 
sult of any words found in it. The contract is entirely silent 
with respect to surface tracks, excepting those on Tremont and 
Boylston streets which the commission is authorized to remove ; 
and in the clause relating to these tracks, the power to grant to 
other corporations locations for tracks in lieu of those removed, 
is clearly implied. The contract moreover takes special pains, 
as we have seen, to bring the subway tracks within the opera- 
tion of the general street railway laws; and it would seem to 
be a violent construction of the contract to maintain that it was 
the intention to take the grantee's surface tracks out of the 
operation of those laws. It might be held in a court of equity 
that the city, as a party to the contract, could not do an act 
which had no other color than an intent to defeat the contract 
as regards the other party ; but we find upon careful reflection 
no valid ground for the apprehension that the board of alder- 
men, acting as a public board upon considerations of the gen- 
eral public welfare, — and it is not to be presumed that it 
would act otherwise, — will be deprived by reason of the con- 
tract of any of the powers which it now possesses with respect 
to the locations of surface tracks in the streets of the city. 

(3.) It was objected that the contract, by granting an exclu- 
sive possession of the subway, would practically give to the 
grantee a monopoly of the railway traffic in and through the 
heart of the city of Boston. It is true that the grant covers 
the** entire use and occupation " of the subway. What do 
these words as here used mean ? We understand by them that 
the grantee will have the right, on its railway and by its agents 



112 STREET RAILWAY COMPANIES. [Jan. 

and employees, to conduct all the transportation in and through 
the subway ; but we do not understand that this entire use is to 
be in any sense an arbitrary use. If the contract gave the 
grantee the power to determine at its own pleasure in what 
manner it would conduct the subway transportation, — what 
accommodations it would furnish, what or whom it would carry, 
and on what terms, — it would be a fatal objection to the con- 
tract. On the contrary, as has been pointed out, the use and 
occupation for railway purposes will be subject to all such 
wholesome and reasonable regulations and restrictions as the 
laws of the Commonwealth may from time to time prescribe. 
We fail to find here the distinguishing features of a monopoly. 
We might, on the other hand, have seen cause for hesitation 
if the contract had proposed to overturn an established policy, 
to set aside an approved system, to introduce new and untried 
methods, or to restore abandoned methods, in the railway ser- 
vice of the city. It is too late, at least for this Board, to debate 
the question whether the people of Boston and its vicinity are 
likely to be better served by two or three or half a dozen street 
railway companies operating independently through the con- 
gested districts of the city, or by one railway system. This 
question has been settled by higher authority than ours, and by 
authority which we are bound to respect. The company 
described in the contract as 'Hhe party of the second parf is 
the sole successor, by merger of franchise and property, of 
some thirty street railway corporations, which from time to 
time during the last forty years have undertaken, independently 
or in competition, to serve the metropolitan district now served 
by the lines of that company. This unification of the railway 
system of the city has been sanctioned step by step by scores 
of legislative acts which crowd the pages of our statute books. 
Whether or not the present is practically the better system, — 
and we do not mean to intimate a doubt on this point, — ^it is 
stamped with the approval of the Legislature and expresses the 
public policy as declared by law. The able commission which 
in its capacity as a public board framed the contract in behalf 
of the city, did not originate this system. They took it as 
they found it. Without returning to methods that have been 
tried and abandoned, or hazarding the delays and uncertainties 
of experiment or possible future change of conditions, they 



1897.] THE BOSTON SUBWAY. 113 

apparently sought to give to the public the earliest and fullest 
realization of the benefits of the subway which the existing 
conditions indicate and permit. We cannot think that they 
were not justified or that they acted unwisely is so doing. 

We should be unwilling/to sanction any measure which should 
have the effect to prevent or retard improvements in the stand- 
ards or methods of the existing railway service. We recognize 
the fact that many advances, as regards motive power and the 
various appliances for railway transportation, are likely to 
occur in the course of the next twenty years. The contract in 
question will not, in our judgment, stand in the way of the 
adoption of any such improvement, either by the voluntary 
action of the grantee company or under the regulation of law. 
Even if it should be determined to establish some system of 
public ownership or control, the constitutional right of eminent 
domain could still be invoked. 

(4.) The most serious question raised with respect to the 
contract, was the length of its term. We have felt the force 
of the general considerations of public policy which bear upon 
this point. The action of the Legislature in reducing the 
limit from fifty to twenty years, was in our judgment wise ; 
and if the term of the contract could have been still further 
reduced, and its other features saved, we should the more 
readily have given it our approval. This, however, appeared 
to be impracticable. 

The framing of the contract presented to the parties novel 
and difficult questions. Interests of large but undetermined 
value were to be disposed of on the one side, and new and 
onerous burdens were to be assumed on the other. The 
negotiators, acting under heavy responsibilities to those whom 
they respectively represented, were fortunately competent to 
deal with a subject of this magnitude in a large-minded way. 
Although there were no competitors for the subway, there can 
be no doubt that all was demanded on the one side which 
could reasonably be demanded, and that all was conceded by 
the other side which could reasonably be conceded. Where 
something is asked, something must be given. The period 
of enjoyment had to be weighed against the expenditures to be 
incurred and the risks to be assumed. The more we have 
examined the contract, drawn with admirable skill and pre- 



114 STREET RAILWAY COMPANIES. [Jan. 

oisioD, and the evideot result of painstaking negotiation, the 
more we have been impressed with the conviction that it was 
made upon fair mutual considerations, and in good faith 
towards the public. It not only successfully solves, so far as 
can be foreseen, the problem of the financial success of the 
subway scheme, but it appears to utilize this public work in a 
practicable and judicious manner with a view to the promotion 
of rapid transit and the speedy relief of the now overtasked 
avenues of public travel.* 

Grade Crossings with Railroads. 

Since the electric car began to take the place of the horse 
car, attention has been called from time to time to the greater 
risk of casualty at grade crossings of railways with railroads. 
We have felt more strongly the difficulties as well as the 
responsibilities of dealing with this matter since the passage 
of the Act of 1895, chapter 426, which requires the consent 
either of this Board or of a special commission to the creation 
of new crossings of this kind. So far, all of the applications 
for such consent have been made to this Board. We regard it 
as our duty to carry out the policy intended by the Legislature, 
and it is largely in this view that we again call attention to the 
subject. 

The Broad Cove Collision. 

On the 16th of December last, a New York, New Haven & 
Hartford passenger train collided with an electric car of the 
Dighton, Somerset & Swansea street railway at the Broad 
Cove crossing, so called, in the town of Somerset. The elec- 
tric car was demolished and the train derailed. Fortunately 
no person was fatally injured, so that we were not required to 
investigate the causes of the accident. The case appeared, 
however, to present in such a new and somewhat startling 
aspect the perils of these crossings, more especially as involv- 
ing the safety of railroad travel, that we felt it our duty to 
make a special investigation, not so much to fix the responsi- 



* A copy of the Subway Contract, and of the order of the Board approving it, wUl be 
found In the Appendix. 



1897.] GBADE CROSSINGS. 115 

bility or blame, if any, as to find out the lesson which the 
disaster might teach.* 

The accident happened about 8.30 a.m. There was at the 
time a thick, driving snowstorm, with a strong northeast wind. 
The colliding train consisted of engine and tender, combination 
car and two coaches. The train usually ran from Fall Biver to 
Taunton without stopping. This morning it was delayed after 
leaving Fall River by signal stops and by a late way train ahead 
of it, so that it was about seventeen or eighteen minutes behind 
time, and was proceeding at the rate of only fifteen to twenty 
miles an hour as it approached the Broad Cove crossing. It 
was running on the east or northbound track, in the face of the 
wind and storm. The engineer had blown the whistle for the 
crossing, and the^ fireman was ringing the bell. The front 
window of the cab was clouded with snow, so that the engineer 
could not see through it, and he was looking ahead out of the 
east or right-hand window. He did not and could not see the 
electric car, which was crossing from the opposite or west side 
of the railroad, until it shot into view directly in front of him, 
too late to stop or even check his train, though he took the 
usual means to do so. 

The electric car had made the stop required by law at a dis- 
tance of ten to fifteen feet from the west or southbound main 
track. As the car came to a stop, the conductor got off the 
rear platform on the south or right-hand side of the car, that 
is, on the side towards the approaching train, went forward 
half running to the middle of the west or southbound track, 
looked quickly up and down the railroad, did not see or hear 
the train, and beckoned the motorman to come on. The con- 
ductor then stepped back a few feet, and got on the rear plat- 
form of the car, on the same side, as it passed him. He had 
hardly got on, however, before he saw the train approaching 
close at hand, and jumped to the ground, but gave no warning 
to the motorman. 

The flagman stationed at the crossing had in the meantime 



* The examination of the witnesses, some twenty in nnmber, was made December 31. 
The testimony of the motorman, who had not sufficiently reooyered from his injuries 
to attend at that time, was taken a weelc later, when the electric car conductor was also 
farther examined. 



116 STREET RAILWAY COMPANIES. [Jan. 

been standing in or near the door of his cabin, looking down 
the railroad and watching for the train. His cabin is at the 
northwest angle of the crossing, so that the electric car passed 
between him and the train. The front end of the car had got 
a little more than half way across the tracks, when the flagman 
saw the train coming, and shouted to the motorman to hurry 
up. The motorman put on more power, and on receiving a 
second and more emphatic warning from the flagman, turned 
on the full power ; but it was of no avail. 

The locomotive struck the side of the electric car a little 
back of the middle, and literally tore it to pieces, carrying the 
fragments along with it or scattering them alone; the track. 
The locomotive and tender were derailed and capsized into the 
ditch. The combination car was also partially derailed and 
canted over. The two coaches remained on the track. The 
train moved just its length after striking the car. The derail- 
ment of the locomotive was probably caused by the trucks or 
motors of the electric car getting under its wheels, as portions 
of the former were found near where the locomotive was over- 
turned. The demolished car was 33 or 34 feet long, including 
platforms, and was said to weigh from eight to ten tons. 

No one on the railroad train was seriously hurt, probably 
owing in large measure to its low speed. There happened to 
be no passengers on the electric car. Two employees of the 
company, besides the motorman and conductor, were riding 
on the car before the accident. One of them was on the rear 
platform, and jumped ofi^ immediately after the conductor. 
The other was inside the car at the rear end. He was looking 
out of the window on the side towards the train, and seeing it 
coming had barely time to escape. The motorman was the 
only person on the car when it was struck. He afterwards 
found himself on the ground, on the slope of the railroad em- 
bankment, with a rib crushed and otherwise severely battered, 
but he apparently received no permanent injury. How he 
came there, or how he escaped so easily, he cannot tell. 

The Broad Cove crossing is not a blind or what is known as 
a '* dangerous" crossing, but quite the reverse. It is a level 
crossing, and in clear weather an approaching train cnn be seen 
for a distance of half or three-quarters of a mile in either 
direction. The railroad train was proceeding carefully and at 



1897.] GRADE CROSSINGS. 117 

reduced speed, and all the warnings and precautions required 
by law or rule appear to have been observed. The flagman 
might have cautioned the carmen with regard to the overdue 
train, but we do not think it was strictly his duty to do so. 
He did not know when the train would arrive, and had no 
right to flag the crossing or to hinder the passage of the car, 
until he had evidence that it was approaching. Electric car- 
men, moreover, appear ordinarily to pay no attention to a 
flagman or gateman, unless the flag is out or the gates closed. 
The conductor goes ahead and makes his own observation of 
the railroad, and the motorman obeys his direction. The 
advice of the flagman is not as a rule sought, and if volun- 
teered might probably be treated as superfluous if not meddle- 
some. In the present case, the car conductor, as is usual, 
made his own investigation of the safety of the crossing, and 
ordered the car to proceed. He had as good an opportunity 
to know if a train was approaching as the flagman ; and per- 
haps the most mysterious circumstance connected with the 
accident is the fact that the conductor, who was a young man 
of 22, did not discover the approach of the train so soon as the 
flagman, who was nearly three times as old and farther away. 

Nor can it be said that the law and rules were not obeyed in 
the handling of the electric car. The only statutory require- 
'ment, made years ago in the day of the horse car, is that the 
car be brought to a stop within one hundred feet of the cross- 
ing. This was done. There is no law, as quite generally 
supposed, which requires the conductor to go ahead upon the 
railroad, and the motorman to wait for his signal. This is only 
a rule of the railway companies ; and, though intended as an 
additional safeguard, it may sometimes have the effect, in the 
case of a protected crossing, to shift or divide the responsibility 
as between the flagman or gate tender and the conductor of the 
car, and perhaps to make each less careful for the safety of 
the car. In the present case, at least, it added nothing to the 
security. The car was stopped as short a time as was possible 
tinder the rule. The conductor hurried forward, made a hasty 
observation, and beckoned the car ahead ; and if he was negli- 
gent, he had, a^ the conductor from his position outside the car 
in such case always has, the first and best chance to escape the 
consequences. 



118 STREET RAILWAY COMPANIES. [Jan. 

The peculiar circumstance was the condition of the weather. 
The air was so thick with snow that the train could not be seen 
many hundred feet away, and the wind, blowing' towards the 
train, drove the sound back so that the whistle and bell and 
noise of the train could not be, or appear not to have been, 
heard at the crossing. The conditions in this respect were, 
however, by no means exceptional. The same conditions pre- 
vailed that morning at most or all of the 218 other grade cross- 
ings of the same kind in this State,* many of them more blind 
and dangerous than this one. The same or similar conditions 
of obscurity from storm or fog or darkness occur not infre- 
quently ; and the chances of carelessness, neglect of precautions, 
derangement of appliances, and other miscarriage or mishap, 
are always present. 

That under existing conditions some serious disaster will 
occur, is greatly to be feared, and is indeed as morally certain 
as any future event dependent on chances can be. If, in the 
present case, the electric car bad been filled with passengers, 
or if the railroad train had been running at express speed, the 
result would surely in the one case, and probably in the other, 
have been sufficiently tragic to arouse the public to a sense 
of the dangers involved and to the instant need of further pro- 
vision for safety. If, moreover, a commission, specially 
charged with a care for the public safety in railroad and railway 
transportation, had expressly sanctioned the crossing on the 
ground, which is constantly urged, that it presented no unusual 
dangers, as this crossing does not, the commission would justly 
have been held to a full share of the responsibility for the 
disaster. 

The facts of the collision at the Broad Cove crossing justify, 
as we think, two inferences r — 

First. The dangers at the grade crossings of electric rail- 
ways with railroads are in reality more than have been taken 
into account. It has been commonly assumed that the railroad 
train, with its ponderous locomotive, would brush aside the 
electric car without seriously endangering its own passengers, 
as it usually does other highway vehicles ; and it has some- 

* By the retains of the companfes, there are 219 grade crossing! of raflways with rail- 
roads in Massachnsetts, at which 439 railroad tracks are crossed by 276 railway tracks. 
The nnmber of sach crossings has nearly doubled in the last fire yean. 



1897.] GRADE CROSSINGS. 119 

times been intimated that if the railway was willing to take the 
risk, the railroad had little occasion to concern itself. The life 
of the railroad passenger is of no more value than that of the 
railway passenger ; but it is clearly shown by the recent case 
that both are likely to be involved in the same catastrophe. 

Second. It is apparent that the risks at such crossings are 
too great, and the present provision for the security of life too 
small, as regards both the railway and the railroad. , 

Several remedies maybe suggested. (1.) The plainest 
remedy is the separation of the grades of the railroad and 
highway. There is now sufficient provision of law for doing 
this, except that the railway company has no power to initiate 
proceedings. Such power may properly be given, the railway 
company bearing a fair proportion of the cost. 

(2.) Where the abolition of the highway grade crossing is 
for any reason impracticable, the route of the electric railway 
may often be deflected so as to pass over or under the railroad, 
outside the limits of the highway. The objection is frequently 
encountered that the railway company can acquire land for this 
purpose only by purchase, and if at all, only at the owner's 
price. The right to take land in such case, under regulations 
and limitations similar, perhaps, to those which now apply in 
case of land required for improving the alignment of a railroad, 
might well be given to the railway company. Such legislation 
seems to us highly desirable. This remedy would not infre- 
quently remove the prime necessity for abolishing the highway 
grade crossing. 

(3.) Some audible signal operated by the railroad train, 
such that it begins to ring when the train is 1,500 or 2,000 
feet away, and continues to ring until the train has passed the 
crossing, might in many cases afford protection to the crossing. 
It is assumed that in the present stage of electrical develop- 
ment some automatic signal of this kind may be found which 
can be depended on to work reliably. 

(4.) The more effectual and sure method of protecting the 
crossing would *be by an interlocking apparatus, similar in 
principle to that in use at grade crossings of' railroads with 
each other. As applied to the crossing of a railroad with an 
electric railway, the former should doubtless have as a rule the 
right of way, with derails, if any, only on the latter. This 



120 STREET RAILWAY COMPANIES. [Jan/S^T. 

system of protection is required in the State of Ohio as regards 
all new crossings, and may be prescribed as regards all cross- 
ings ; and we are informed that the law of Illinois is similar. 
One section of the Ohio statute, which was passed April 27, 
1896, provides that 

In case one railroad company, or an electric railroad company, 
shall hereafter seek to cross at grade with its track or tracks the track 
or tracks of another railroad, the railroad company, or the electric 
railroad company, seeking to cross at grade shall be compelled to 
Interlock such crossing to the satisfaction of the said commissioner 
[of railroads and telegraphs], and to pay all cost of such appliances, 
together with the expense of putting them in and the future mainte- 
nance and operation thereof : provided^ this act shall not apply to 
crossings of side tracks only. 

Another section provides that engines, trains or electric cars 
shall not be required to stop at a crossing so protected* 

Street Railway Inspection. 

An act passed in 1894 (chapter 535) provided '< for the 
appointment of Steam Railroad Inspectors,'' and defined their 
powers and duties. Three inspectors were appointed under 
this act, and, as stated in previous reports, their work has 
proved to be helpful and highly useful in many ways. The 
Board recommends that their duties be extended so as to 
include street railways. As regards crossings, equipments, 
investigation of accidents, attendance at inquests, and other- 
wise, the reasons are in general the same, and the same good 
results are to be expected. It would not be necessary to 
increase the number of inspectors, since their duties would be 
confined to the same localities and cover the same general 
routes of travel. Some modification in the detail of their 
duties with respect to railroads, as now defined, may also be 
thought desirable. 

Respectfully submitted, 

JOHN E. SANFORD, 
GEORGE W. BISHOP, 
HERSEY B. GOODWIN, 

Commissioners. 
Jakuart I, 1897. 



The Board is again obliged to record the death of one of its 
members. William J. Dale, Jr., having been taken ill while 
on a tour of duty, died at the Springfield Hospital on Novem- 
ber 5, 1896. He was first appointed to fill the vacancy caused 
by the death of Hon. Edward W. Kinsley, in January, 1892, 
and had been twice re-appointed, serving with fidelity till his 
decease. His associates, in token of their sorrow and respect 
for his memory, caused the following minute to be entered on 
the records of the Board : 

The surviving members of the Board desire to place on record their 
sense'of loss in the death of their late associate, William J. Dale, 
Jr., which occurred at Springfield on the fifth day of November, 
1896, and to express their appreciation of his estimable character and 
conscientious devotion to the duties of his office, and his genial dis- 
position, which made their intercourse with him a pleasure. All who 
have been associated with him in the office feel that his decease is a 
personal loss, and all unite in tendering to the father and widow of 
the deceased sincere sympathy in their bereavement. 



COMMISSIONERS' REPORT. 



APPENDIX 



[12S] 



[A.] 



SPECIAL REPORTS ON RAILROAD MATTERS. 



RAILROAD ACCIDENTS. 



Train Accident on the New York, New Haven & Hartford 
Railroad, at Park Square Station, Boston, Mat 7, 1896. 

The train involved in this accident was the regular express 
passenger train which leaves New York at 1.02 p.m. and is due 
in Boston at 7.30 p.m. It had arrived on time, and the head of the 
train was just entering or about to enter the train house of the Park 
Square station, at a reduced and proper rate of speed, when the 
accident occurred. 

The train consisted of engine with tender and five cars in the 
following order : Baggage car, smoking car, two ordinary passenger 
coaches (Nos. 654 and 562) and parlor car in the rear. As the 
result of the accident, the smoking car and the two passenger 
coaches were wholly or partially derailed, and the smoking car was 
capsized, crushing or otherwise fatally injuring two passengers, one 
or both of whom appear to have fallen or been thrown through the 
windows and caught beneath the under side of the car as it tipped 
over. Other passengers in this car were more or less severely 
shaken up and bruised. With these exceptions, all other persons 
on the train escaped unhurt. 

The cause of this singular and apparently mysterious accident is 
the question now to be solved. It is first necessary to describe as 
clearly as we may without the aid of a plan, the position of the 
tracks, switches, etc., which had to do with the disaster. 

The three main tracks which lead to the Park Square station, after 
passing northerly under the Berkeley Street bridge, are subdivided 
by means of switches into six tracks that enter the train house, 
numbered from one to six. Track No. 1 is the most easterly of these 
tracks, and is the direct extension of the main inbound track as it 
passes under the bridge. The train in question was to enter the 
train house by this No. 1 track ; and the signals and switches, as 
the train approached the bridge, were properly set for it to do so. 

[128] 



126 APPENDIX — SPECIAL REPORTS. [Jan. 

Oatside the train house on its east or Colnmbus Avenue side, and 
mnning throngh the yard parallel with track No. 1, there is a track 
which is used for the loading and unloading of express cars, as well 
as for shifting purposes, and which is called the ^^ express " track. 
This track and track No. 1, which are about 19 feet apart between 
centres, are connected in the yard by a crossover. The switch for 
this crossover in track No. 1, known as switch '^A'% is located 
under the Berkeley Street bridge, some 400 feet, or about the length 
of the train, southerly from the entrance to the train house. It is 
a split switch, so called, and of course a facing switch for trains 
approaching the station. The whole case, as it will appear, turns 
upon the action or handling of switch *'A" at the time of the 
disaster. 

The stand for this switch is located just north of the bridge, on 
the west side of the outbound main track, and about 40 feet from 
the switch itself. Close beside it, in a row parallel with the main 
tracks, are three other switch-stands. One of these operates the 
switch that leads westerly from track No. 1 to tracks Nos. 2 and 8, 
which is located 26 feet north of switch ''A", and the other two 
operate switches in the outbound main track. These four switch- 
stands, which are of the Ramapo pattern, are tended by a single 
switchman. Just north of these stands, and under the same shed, are 
the four levers which operate the signals on either side of the bridge. 
These signals and switches are not interlocked; and the switches 
have no ** detector bars " to prevent their being thrown while trains 
are passing over them. 

As before stated, the signals and switches, including switch *' A", 
were properly set for the approaching train to enter the train house 
by track No. 1 ; and it proceeded in regular course to do so. The 
engine and tender, the baggage car, and in all probability also the 
smoking car and the forward truck of coach 654, passed by switch 
'* A" (as they should have done) on track No. 1. The hind truck 
of that coach and the forward truck of coach 562, on the contrary, 
instead of continuing on track No. 1, took the switch and shifted on 
to the crossover for the express track. Changing back again, the 
hind truck of the latter coach and the parlor car in turn ran by the 
switch once more on track No. 1. 

After the accident, the engine and tender and the baggage car, at 
one end of the train, and the parlor car, at the other end, were found 
on the rails of track No. 1. The hind truck of coach 654 and the 
forward truck of coach 562 were found on the rails of the crossover, 
having nearly reached the express track. The rest of the train was 
on the ground between the two tracks. The smoking car lay on its 
side in a position such as to indicate that its forward truck was still 



1897.] RAILROAD ACCIDENTS. 127 

on the rails of track No. 1 when it was overturned. The derailment 
of the hind truck of this car, — which appears not to have occurred 
until shortly before the car began to tip over, — and the derailment 
of the forward truck of coach 654 next behind, as also that of the 
hind truck of the second coach 562, were evidently the result of the 
crosswise pull of the two coaches, whose other trucks were running 
on the diverging crossover track. This also accounts for the over- 
turn of the smoking car towards the express track, — which appears 
not to have been sudden, but gradual, as the strain in that direction 
from the coach behind increased with the divergence of the tracks. 
The breaking of the air hose between these two cars, as the former 
capsized, set the brakes and brought the train to a quick stop, the 
engine having got just within the train house and the baggage car 
about half way in. 

Switch ^'A", upon examination shortly after the accident, was 
found set for track No. 1, and in good order. It bore no marks of 
forcible disarrangement or abrasion by the passing train. The 
flanges of the car wheels were also carefully inspected. No physical 
defect in the construction or condition of the switch, tracks, roadbed 
or rolling stock was then or has been since discovered, which is 
sufficient to explain the disaster; and no credible theory, which 
leaves human agency out of the account, has any one been able to 
suggest. 

The facts admit of but one explanation. The switch in question 
was by some means thrown, and then thrown back again, while the 
train was passing over it. In no other conceivable way could the 
two ends of the train have been found on track No. 1, and the 
middle of the train on the crossover to the express track, with the 
other results which have been noted. 

The shifting of the switch may be accounted for in one of two 
ways. In case the switch had not been fully thrown and the handle 
pushed down into its proper position in advance of the train, it is 
possible, though extremely improbable, that some of the cars might 
have taken the one track and some the other, alternating as they did, 
and still have left no trace or mark upon the switch. In that case, 
the responsibility for the accident would rest upon the switchman by 
reason of his negligence in not properly setting the switch. We are 
unable, however, to believe that the accident happened in this way. 

The explanation which is best supported, if not demanded, by all 
the facts and probabilities of the case, is that the switchman prema- 
turely, or mistaking the switch handle for another which he might 
then have occasion to U9e, threw the switch for the express track, 
and then, quickly realizing his error, threw it back again, while the 
train was passing over it. The fact that only the hind truck of the 



128 APPENDIX — SPECIAL REPORTS. [Jan. 

first coach and the forward truck of the second coach appear to have 
taken the switch for the express track, would indicate that the 
switch was thus thrown midway of the former car, and thrown back 
midway of the latter. This could easily be done with the rate of 
speed at which the train was then moving. 

The switchman denies either negligence or error on his part. 
There is no other direct testimony either to contradict or corroborate 
his version of what he did and did not do. The probability of the 
explanation which we have felt obliged under all the circumstances 
to adopt, is heightened by the fact that a switching engine was at 
the time standing on the express track, waiting for the train in 
question to enter the train house, after which it was required im- 
mediately to cross over through switch ^* A " in order to back up 
behind the train on track No. 1, and to draw out the empty cars. 
The change of switch which the switchman was next required to 
make, was therefore precisely the one that, if inadvertently made a 
little too soon, would have produced just the accident which occurred. 

While it is impossible to demonstrate by positive evidence or with 
absolute certainty the cause of the accident, we can see no way in 
which it could have occurred except through the fault or mistake of 
the switchman, as above indicated. 

No blame attaches in any manner to those in charge of the train, 
nor, so far as has appeared, to any other person having the care of 
switches or tracks. The engine and cars were in all respects prop- 
erly equipped. We must, however, call attention to the fact that 
the accident probably could not have happened, certainly not in the 
way it did, if the switch in question had been provided with a 
detector bar, making it impossible to throw the switch under a 
passing train. 

JOHN E. SANFORD, 
WILLIAM J. DALE, Jr., 
GEORGE W. BISHOP, 

Commissioners, 

June 8, 1896. 



1897.] RAILROAD PASSENGER FARES. 129 



RAILROAD PASSENGER FARES. 



PKTmON OF CITIZENS OP WeLLESLET FOR ADJUSTMENT OF PaSSENGEB 

Fares on the Boston & Albany Railroad between Welleslet 
AND Boston. 

Hearings, after due notice, March 4 and 11, 1896. Horace G. 
Allen, Esq., counsel for petitioners ; Samuel Hoar, Esq., for Boston 
& Albany Railroad Company. 

In November, 1894, on the petition of the selectmen of Wellesley, 
the Board recommended that ^^ all of the Wellesley stations be 
included in the suburban ticket and rate system of the Boston & 
Albany Railroad Company." (See 26th Annual Report, January, 
1895, p. 130.) 

This recommendation called for a change in the kinds of tickets 
sold, and in the rates of fare charged, between the Wellesley stations 
and Boston. The change in tickets, consisting in the substitution of 
50 and 100-ride tickets for season tickets, has been made ; and no 
further change in the forms of tickets furnished is now asked. 

As regards the rates of fare, it was contemplated in the recom- 
mendation of the Board that the Wellesley stations should have the 
benefit of ^^ suburban " rates in lieu of the higher rates charged to 
stations outside the suburban limit. Just what these rates should be, 
or how they should be scaled, was not discussed at the former hearings 
or definitely considered by the Board ; and no specific recommenda- 
tion in this regard was intended to be made. In point of fact, the 
prices for single and 10-ride tickets have been reduced about 10 or 
12 per cent; and no further reduction on these tickets is now sought. 
The present complaint is that the prices of 50 and 100-ride tickets^ 
as fibced for the Wellesley stations, are excessive as compared with 
those for some of the intermediate suburban stations, and are 
unreasonably high. 

The Wellesley stations are distant 13, 14 and 15 miles, respec- 
tively, from Boston. Before these stations were taken into the su- 
burban limit, the most remote stations within that limit were the 
Newton Lower Falls and Woodland stations, each 12 miles from 
Boston. The rate on 100-ride tickets to and from these stations is 
about .92 of a cent per mile covered by the ticket. The rate for the 
Siverside station, 11 miles from Boston, is .95 of a cent. The latter 



130 



APPENDIX — SPECIAL REPORTS. 



[Jan. 



has been adopted as the rate for the Wellesley stations. We think 
the former rate should have been adopted rather than the latter. 
Under the suburban ticket system, the longer distance has the lower 
rate. The Wellesley stations, being the most remote, should have 
bad the benefit of the lowest established rate. 

The petitioners claim more than this. They urge that the lowest 
then existing rate should have been still further scaled down for the 
Wellesley stations, in the ratio of their greater distance from Boston. 
If the Wellesley stations had been originally included in the suburban 
limit, the rates per mile for all the stations within that limit properly 
might, and probably would, have been scaled approximately according 
to distance, the remotest station having the minimum rate. What, in 
that case, would have been a reasonable minimum rate for the remotest 
station ? The original limit of the suburban district was the Charles 
River, and the minimum rate within that limit, as before stated, was 
fixed at about .92 of a cent per mile. We do not think this would 
have been an unreasonable minimum rate, if the suburban limit had 
then included the Wellesley stations. It is shown in a table on page 
128 of the Annual Report above referred to, that the average suburban 
rate per mile on 100-ride tickets, on the railroads terminating in 
Boston, for distances of 10 or 12 miles, is one cent; aod for dis- 
tances of 20 miles, is one cent and four mills. The Boston & Albany 
rate appears to be below the average, and no instance of a lower 
100-ride ticket rate for similar distances was cited at the hearings. 

Under existing circumstances, we recommend that the rates per 
mile on 50 and 100-ride tickets be the same for the Wellesley stations 
as for the Newton Lower Falls and Woodland stations. This, as we 
figure, would make the prices of these tickets as follows : — 



BETWEEN BOSTON AND 


60-RIde Ticket. 


lOO-Ride Ticket. 


Wellesley Farms, 

Wellesley Hills, 

Wellesley, 


t6 00 
6 45 
6 90 


Ill 95 
12 85 
18 75 



JOHN E. SANFORD, 
WILLIAM J. DALE, Jr., 
GEORGE W. BISHOP, 

Commissioners , 



Maboh 30, 1896. 



1897.] RAILROAD TRAIN SERVICE. 131 



RAILROAD TRAIN SERVICE. 



Petition for restoration of Midday Trains between North- 
ampton AND ShELBURNB FaLLS ON THE NeW YoRK, NeW HaYEN 

& HAitTFORD Railroad. 

Public hearing, July 7, 1896. The petitioners, who are voters and 
business men of Conway and Shelburne Falls, were represented by 
some of their number, and the railroad company by Mr. C. H. Piatt, 
general superintendent of the New Haven System. 

The line which connects Northampton and Shelburne Falls, via 
Conway, was built by the New Haven and Northampton Company 
as an extension of its road, in 1880. This company leased its road, 
including the extension, to the New York, New Haven & Hartford 
Railroad Company in 1887. Up to the date of the lease, three 
regular passenger trains had been run daily each way between 
Northampton and Shelburne Falls ; and the lessee continued this 
service until about six months ago, when the midday passenger trains 
were taken off. This is a serious loss of accommodation, especially 
to the people of Conway, who feel the more aggrieved in view of the 
fact that they have but recently built an electric street railway, five 
miles or more in length, connecting the centre of the town with the 
railroad station. This railway carries freight as well as passengers, 
and now serves as a feeder to the railroad of substantially all the 
traffic of the town of Conway, and also of the adjoining town of 
Ashfield with its considerable summer population. 

It is assigned as the reason for the discontinuance of the trains, 
that the passenger traffic is unremunerative. It does not appear, 
however, that it is less remunerative than when the lease was taken 
or that the conditions have otherwise changed, at least for the worse. 

It is provided in the Public Statutes, chapter 112, section 220, 
that when one railroad corporation leases the road of another, ^^ the 
facilities for travel and business on either of the roads of the said 
corporations shall not be diminished." It must be supposed that the 
lessee in this case knew the character of the traffic on the road which 
it was about to lease, and that it intended not only to secure the 
advantages which the lease might afford, but to assume the burden, 
which the statute imposes, of maintaining at least as good a service 
as the public was then enjoying. The lessee in fact recognized and 



132 APPENDIX — SPECIAL REPORTS. [Jan, 

performed this duty for some eight or nine years after the lease took 

effect. We can see no valid reason or excuse why it should not 

continue to do so. We must therefore advise that the midday trains 

be restored. 

JOHN E. SANFORD, 

WILLIAM J. DALE, Jr., 

GEORGE W. BISHOP, 

Commissioners. 
JvLY 20. 1896. 



WoRKiKGifSN's Trains to and from Brockton. 

The petitioners in this case are about twenty of the employers, and 
several hundred of the employees, in the manufacturing establish- 
ments, chiefly the boot and shoe factories, of Brockton. 

For some twelve years up to June last, the Old Colony Railroad 
Company and its lessee, the New York, New Haven & Hartford, 
had run a morning train to Brockton and an evening train from 
Brockton for the special accommodation of persons working in that 
city and living in the outlying towns. In order to suit the factory 
hours, the trains were timed to arrive at the Brockton stations shortly 
before 7 a.m. and to leave about 5.30 p.m. Tickets covering 12 rides, 
or six round trips, — the ordinary week's travel of a workingman, — 
were also sold at extraordinarily low rates. Hundreds of daily workers 
in Brockton have been thus enabled to establish their homes at dis- 
tances ranging from four or five to more than twenty miles away^; and 
the practical discontinuance of the trains in question by the radical 
change of running time in the last summer's and the present schedule, 
has been a serious inconvenience to them and to the manufacturers 
by whom they are employed. 

Without reciting in detail the facts and reasons which have been 
presented at the several public hearings and in repeated conferences 
with the parties, we are satisfied that the train service in question 
should be restored, at least experimentally. The main issue of fact 
is the amount of patronage which the trains have had in the past, and 
would probably have in the future. The evidence now before the 
Board indicates quite clearly that this special trafiQc is suflicient to 
warrant and require the running of the trains upon the former 
schedule time. If the results of a fair trial for three or six months 
shoald tend to a different conclusion, the Board will then, if desired, 
reconsider the case. 

We cannot advise, however, that it is the reasonable or lawful duty 
of the railroad company to carry passengers on these trains at rates 
materially lower than those ordinarily charged on the railroads of this 



1897.] 



RAILROAD TRAIN SERVICE. 



133 



State for every-day or season-ticket travel of the same character. We 
accordingly recommend that the rates or prices for 12-ride tickets be 
(not to exceed) those shown in the following schedule, which is based 
on the season-ticket rates for one or three months between the same 
stations. The distances and cost per ride between the several 
stations are also given in the table. 



Prices of 12'Ride Tickets to and from Brockton Stations. 





Campkllo. 


BSOOKTOV. 


MOKTBLLO. 


STATIONS. 


Dla- 
tance. 


PriM 

of 
Ticket. 


Gott 

per 

Ride. 


Dti- 
Unoe. 


Price 

of 
Ticket 


Coat 

R^ide. 


Dis- 
tance. 


Price 

of 
Ticket 


Cost 

per 

Ride. 


Elmwood, . 
EastBridgewater, 


Mllee. 
4.2 

6.3 


$0.80 
0.90 


$0,067 
.076 


Mllee. 
6.6 

6.7 


$0.90 
1.06 


$0,076 
.087 


Miles. 
7.2 

8.3 


$1.06 
1.10 


$0,087 
.092 


Washington Street, 
Whitman, . 


8.6 
9.8 


1.06 
1.10 


.0S7 
.092 


9.9 
10.7 


1.10 
1.20 


.092 
.100 


11.6 
12.3 


1.20 
1.30 


.100 
.108 


Abington, . 


11.3 


1.26 


.104 


12.7 


1.36 


.112 


14.3 


1.40 


.117 


North Abington, . 


12.7 


1.36 


.112 


14.1 


1.46 


.121 


16.7 


1.60 


.126 


Rockland, . 


14.2 


1.60 


.126 


16.6 


1.66 


.137 


17.2 


1.70 


.142 


SoDth Weymoath, 


16.6 


1.66 


.137 


17.0 


1.80 


.160 


18.6 


1.86 


.164 


West Hanover, . 


16.0 


1.66 


.137 


17.4 


1.80 


.160 


19.0 


1.86 


.164 


Soath Hanover, . 


18^3 


1.85 


.164 


19.7 


1.96 


.162 


21.3 


2.00 


.167 


Hanover, 


20.6 


2.00 


.167 


21.9 


2.10 


.176 


23.6 


2.16 


.179 



We recommend that the trains be restored in other respects as they 
were before, — that is to say, that they be run by the same routes, 
arriving at the Montello station from five to fifteen minutes before 
7 A.M., and leaving that station as nearly as may be to 5.30 p.m. ; 
and that the 12-ride tickets be sold in the same form, and with the 
same conditions as to their use, as heretofore. 



JOHN E. SANFORD, 
WILLIAM J. DALE, Jr., 
GEORGE W. BISHOP, 

Commissioners, 



OCTOBBR 6, 1896. 



134 APPENDIX — SPECIAL EEPOBTS. [Jan. 



PiETiTioni FOR Faster Moriong akd Etenixg Traiss between the 
Caxtos JorcnoH akd Sharoh Stations and Boston. 

These petitkNis, signed respectively by 63 residents of Canton who 
are aecostomed to ose the Canton Junction station, and by 40 resi- 
dents of Sharon, have been heard and considered together. 

The stations In question are on the main line of the Boston & 
Fkovidenee Railroad, now operated by the New York, New Haven & 
EUitford as the snb-lessee of the Old Colony. The extensive work 
of track elevation which is in progress on a section of this road near 
its Boston terminns needs no description here. Pending this work, 
the capa<nty of the road for the movement of trains is serioasly im- 
paired at a point where the pressure of traffic is the greatest ; and it 
has been foand necessaiy for the time being to make material changes 
in the train service, the effect of which has been more or less sensibly 
felt on an the lines which enter Boston by this roate. 

In the cases now in hand, the complaint is not that the amount of 
service has been curtailed, but that certain trains which formerly 
made few if any stops between the Canton Junction or Sharon station 
and Boston, have been changed into local or way trains, and that the 
service is thereby rendered less expeditious and satisfactory. Such 
appears to be the fact. 

As a measure of partial or temporary relief, it has been proposed 
that a train which runs from Easton via the Stougbton Branch to the 
Park Square station in Boston, and which makes only one stop after 
leaving the Canton station, should be stopped at the Canton Junc- 
tion station, and should there also be made to connect with the local 
train ria Sharon, taking on such Sharon passengers as might wish to 
change to the quicker train. When this plan was first suggested we 
were disposed to regard it with favor, and it was tried for several 
months during the last season ; but the patrons of the train con- 
cerned had not then been heard by the Board. Over 300 residents 
of Easton, Stonghton and Canton now warmly remonstrate against 
this arrangement, as not only involving an additional stop of their 
train, bat as exposing them to the more serious delays which are inci- 
dent to the making of connections with a local train ; of which annoy- 
ances they had (as they allege) an unpleasant experience whUe the 
plan was in effect. It appears, moreover, that this is the only quick 
train between the towns of Easton and Stonghton and the city of 
Boston, the express service which these towns formerly enjoyed over 
iht Oid Colony line, to and from the Kneeland Street station, having 
been disccmtinued when this station was made the passenger terminus 



1897.] RAILROAD TRAIN SERVICE. 135 

also of the New England road. The plan is also open to objection 
from the standpoint of safe railroad operation. In view of these 
facts, and taking into account the greater convenience of the greater 
number, we have reluctantly come to the conclusion that we cannot 
recommend the re-adoption of this plan, which for the reasons stated 
was abandoned when the winter schedule went into effect. 

If the reduction or withdrawal of express service of which the 
petitioners complain had been made arbitrarily, or were intended to 
be permanent, we should unhesitatingly condemn it. The depriva- 
tion or diminution of railroad facilities which have been long enjoyed 
by a community, which have been the means of building it up, and 
which are essential to its continued growth, is a serious matter. 
Under ordinary circumstances such action is to be resisted as against 
law and public policy, and is to be tolerated only under the pressure 
of special and unavoidable emergency. 

At the present time, the railroad company has the use for regular 
traffic of but two of its main tracks over the section of road in proc- 
ess of elevation. Upon the completion of the work, it will have the 
use of four main tracks. The petitioners and the Board have the 
assurance of the managers of the company that the facilities of travel 
which the people of Canton and Sharon have hitherto enjoyed, will 
then be again made good to them. Upon this assurance they have 
reason to rely, and will have a right hereafter to insist. 

After a careful study of the conditions which now exist, and with 
a strong desire to discover some method of relief in the cases now 
before us, we are satisfied that the inconveniences which the peti- 
tioners are suffering, and which are shared in a greater or less degree 
by other travellers on the road, are not justly chargeable to a wilful 
refusal or neglect on the part of the railroad company to furnish the 
best facilities which are reasonably within its power. It has main- 
tained its train service over this line under great physical difficulties, 
and, considering the straitened and disordered condition of its 
roadway, with as little of interruption and annoyance to travel as it 
was fair to expect. Some temporary loss of expedition and comfort 
of travel is unavoidable. This must be endured with the greater 
patience in the prospect of a better service upon the completion of 
the work of improvement now in process of vigorous execution. 

JOHN E. SANFORD, 
GEORGE W. BISHOP, 

Commissioners. 
Beobvbbr 6, 1896. 



186 APPENDIX — SPECIAL REPORTS. [Jan. 



[B.] 

SPECIAL REPORTS ON STREET RAILWAY 

MATTERS. 



REVISION OF FARES. 



Petition fob Revision op Street Railway Fares between Leom- 
inster AND FiTCHBUBG. 

Hearings, October 1 and 20, 1896. C. E. Tupper, Esq., for 
petitioners; Charles F. Baker, Esq., for Fitchburg and Leominster 
Street Railway Company. 

The petition in this case is signed by nearly 900 citizens of 
Leominster and Fitchburg, who ask a redaction of the street railway 
fare between Monument Square in Leominster and the American 
House in Fitchburg, from ten to five cents. The distance is four and 
three-fourths miles. 

As now fixed, the passenger who pays a ten-cent fare between the 
points named, receives, if he so requests, a free transfer check which 
entitles him to a further ride upon other cars and routes ; but if he 
does not desire such transfer, he is still required to pay the full fare 
of ten cents. It is the latter rate which is objected to. 

Examples may be found, upon other railways, both of ten-cent 
fares for distances of five miles and less, and of five-cent fares for 
distances of five miles and more — the variance usually depending 
on the character of the route and the volume of traffic. For a 
distance of only four and three-fourths miles between two large 
and busy municipalities, both rapidly growing in population and 
enterprise, closely identified in their social and business relations and 
interests, and affording a steady and increasing volume of inter-town 
or suburban travel, a ten-cent fare must be regfirded as relatively 
high ; and we are of the opinion that there should be some reduction 
of the fare between the points in question when no transfer to 
another route is asked. 



1897.] STREET RAILWAY FARES. 137 

We are hardly prepared, however, to recommend a square redac- 
tion of the fare, all at once, to five cents. The railway appears to be 
honestly and prudently managed, and to be rendering a good and 
satisfactory public service. There should be, we think, a fair and 
reasonable concession now made, by the sale of package tickets at a 
lower rate per ride, or otherwise, to the regular patrons of the 
railway. There can be little doubt that a more favorable rate would 
have the effect to increase the travel and to build up the population 
along the line. 

With this recommendation we leave the matter here to the good 
judgment of the officers of the company, reserving to the petitioners 
the right to be heard again, if there should seem to be just occasion. 

JOHN E, SANFORD, 
GEORGE W. BISHOP, 

Commissioners. 

NOTEMBER 10, 1896. 



138 APPENDIX — SPECIAL REPORTS. [Jan. 



STREET RAILWAY CAR SERVICE, 



Pbtitions for Night Car Service ok the West End Street 

Railway to and from East Boston. 

In the matter of the petitions of a special committee of the Com- 
mon Coancil of the city of Boston, and of citizens of East Boston , 
for an hourly night car service, and for other additional accommoda- 
tions, to be furnished by the West End Street Railway Company on 
certain routes to, from and in said East Boston, — 

After notice and public hearings on April 2, 9 and 23, 1896, at 
which said petitioners appeared in person and by Joseph H. Barnes, 
Jr., Esq., as counsel, and the respondent company by Prentiss Cum- 
mings, Esq., its vice president, and were fully heard, — 

Now, under the authority conferred on the Board by chapter 216 
of the Acts of 1891,— it is 

Ordered, That the said West End Street Railway Company run an 
hourly night car from the Roxbury Crossing, via Tremont Street or 
other convenient route, to connect as nearly as may be with the North 
Ferry boat scheduled to leave Boston at 12.40 a. m., and each hour 
thereafter until 5.40 a. m. ; and also an hourly night car on the 
East Boston side, via Meridian and Lexington streets to Winthrop 
Junction, connecting with said hourly boat on its arrival at East 
Boston. 

Ordered, also, That said company run cars on its Lexington Street 
and Winthrop Junction routes, respectively, in said East Boston, 
scheduled to connect as nearly as may be with each and all of the 
North Ferry boats arriving at and leaving the East Boston side at 
and between the hours of 6.30 and 8.30 o'clock a. m., and the 
hours of 5.00 and 7.00 o'clock p. m. 

The existing East Boston service on said West End Railway, on 
other routes and at other hours than those above specified, is not to 
be diminished by reason hereof. 

The foregoing orders shall take effect May 10, 1896. 

By order of the Board, 

Wm. a. Crafts, 

Clerk, 
AnuL 29, 1896. 



1897.] RAILROAD AND RAILWAY CROSSINGS. 139 



GRADE CROSSINGS OF RAILROADS BY STREET 

RAILWAYS. 



Petition op the Leominster & Clinton Street Railway Com- 
pany FOR CONSENT TO A GrADE CROSSING OF THE NeW YoRK, 

New Haven & Hartford Railroad, on Lancaster Street, in 
Leominster. 

This petition has been twice heard by the Board, first on July 15, 
and again on November 9, 1896. Henry C. Bascom, Esq., for the 
petitioner; Charles F. Choate, Jr., Esq., for the railroad company. 

It appeared at the first hearing that the selectmen of Leominster, 
in March last, had filed in the Superior Court, under St. 1890, 
c. 428, a petition for the abolition of the grade crossing of the 
railroad with Lancaster Street at the point in question. Special 
commissioners had thereupon been appointed by the court, and had 
given notice of a public hearing to be held by them on July 22, 
1896 ; and, no opposition having appeared, there seemed to be no 
doubt that the grade crossing would in due course be abolished. 

In view of these facts, taken in connection with the evidence as to 
the character of the crossing, the Board declined at that time to 
consent to the construction of the street railway across the railroad 
at grade, reserving to the petitioner the right to be further heard 
when the probable result of the proceedings for the separation of the 
grades of the railroad and highway should be more definitely known. 

At the second hearing, on November 9, it appeared that the 
proceedings referred to had been prosecuted without unusual or 
culpable delay on the part of the town or of the railroad company. 
Plans had been substantially agreed upon, which, there was every 
reason to believe, would be adopted by the special commission and 
confirmed by the court. There now seems to be good ground for the 
expectation that the work of separating the grades will be undertaken 
in season for its completion the coming spring, before the summer 
travel on the street railway sets in. 

The grade crossing in question is a more than usually blind and 
dangerous one. That it is so, and is so regarded by the people who 
have had the most experience of its use, needs no other proof than 
the fact that the town initiated the proceedings for ita abolition, 



140 



APPENDIX — SPECIAL REPORTS. 



[Jan. 



thereby voluntarily assuming the share of cost which under the 
statute the town must pay. The section of railroad in which the 
crossing occurs is protected by electric rail-circuit signals; and 
the testimony tended to show that the interference with these signals 
of the more powerful electrical current required for the operation of 
the street railway, could be guarded against only by special work, 
at considerable expense, and with doubtful success. 

It is urged that the use of the grade crossing by the street railway 
would be only temporary, terminating with the separation of the 
grades of the railroad and highway. It would not be prudent to 
sanction a temporary crossing of less thorough and skilful construc- 
tion, or with a less careful consideration of the dangers involved and 
the precautions necessary for the safety of travel on the railroad 
and railway, than if the crossing were to be permanent. The only 
present inconvenience to passengers on the street railway is a change 
of cars at the railroad crossing ; and the fact that this inconvenience 
will be shortly remedied by the separation of grades, is as strong an 
argument for dismissing as for granting the petition. 

We have assumed that the proceedings for the abolition of the 
existing grade crossing will be prosecuted with all reasonable dis- 
patch, and that the work will probably be completed within the time 
above indicated. If obstruction of the proceedings or unnecessary 
delay of the work should occur, which we do not anticipate, the 
petition would then be entitled to at least a more favorable con- 
sideration. 

JOHN E. SANFORD, 

GEORGE W. BISHOP, 

Commissioners. 

NOTBMBER 25, 1896. 



Petitiok of the Lowell & Sdburban Street Railway Company 

FOR consent to A GrADE CROSSING OF THE LoWELL & AnDO- 

ver Railroad, in Lowell. 

In the matter of the petition of the Lowell & Suburban Street 
Railway Company for the consent of the Board, under chapter 426 of 
the Acts of 1895, to the construction by said company of its railway 
across the tracks of the Lowell & Andover Railroad, now operated 
under lease by the Boston & Maine Railroad, at the same level with 
said tracks, on Lawrence Street in the city of Lowell, — 

It appearing, after public notice and hearing, at which the said 
Boston & Maine Railroad appeared by its counsel and was fully 
heard, that the railroad tracks in question are now used only for the 
transportation of freight in accordance with the provisions of chap- 



1897.] EAILEOAD AND RAILWAY CROSSINGS. 141 

ter 145 of the Acts of 1895, and that the public convenience and 
safety reasonably require a crossing on the same level at the place 
prayed for, — it is 

Ordered^ That the Board consent to the construction by the peti- 
tioner of its railway at grade across the said railroad at the place 
aforesaid, on the following conditions : — 

1. The said crossing shall be constructed and maintained with 
frogs, or otherwise, by and at the cost of the petitioner, in a manner 
satisfactory to the Boston & Maine Railroad ; or, if the parties do 
not agree in regard thereto, in the manner prescribed from time to 
time, after notice and hearing, by this Board. 

2. If the said railroad company is at any time hereafter required 
to incur expense for the protection of the said Lawrence Street 
crossing, by the erection and maintenance of gates, or by stationing 
a flagman, or otherwise, the petitioner shall reimburse to said railroad 
company semi-annually, on the first days of January and July, one- 
half of the expense so incurred ; and if the parties do not agree 
regarding the amount of expense to be so reimbursed, the same shall 
be determined, after notice and hearing, by this Board. 

3. These conditions may be changed from time to time, or other 

conditions and regulations imposed, pursuant to chapter 228 of the 

Acts of 1892, as justice and the public safety and convenience may 

seem to require. 

Attest: Wm. A. Crafts, 

Clerk. 
Fbbbttart 18, 1896. 

Petition of the Newton Street Railway Company for con- 
sent TO A Grade Crossing of the Fitchburg Railroad, in 
Waltham. 

In the matter of the petition of the Newton Street Railway Com- 
pany for the consent of the Board, under chapter 426 of the Acts of 
1895, to the construction of the railway of said company across the 
tracks of the Watertown branch of the Fitchburg Railroad, on River 
Street in the city of Waltham, at the same level with said tracks, the 
said railway to be located in the centre of said street instead of on 
the side thereof as heretofore proposed, — 

It appearing, after notice to said railroad company and a public 
hearing, that permission was granted to said railway company, by an 
order of the board of aldermen of said city passed prior to the enact- 
ment of the above statute, to cross said railroad at grade on the side of 
said street, and that it is now desired, with the consent of this Board, 
to locate the said railway in the centre instead of on the side of said 
street, and no objection appearing to such change of location, — it is 



142 



APPENDIX — SPECIAL REPORTS. 



[Jan. 



Ordered^ That the Board coDdent to the construction of the 
railway of the petitioner across the railroad tracks aforesaid, on the 
same level with said tracks, upon a location along the central line of 
said River Street, instead of on the side thereof. 

Provided^ however, that said crossing shall be constructed and 

maintained by and at the cost of said railway company in a manner 

satisfactory to said railroad company ; or, in case of disagreement of 

said companies, in the manner prescribed from time to time by this 

Board. 

Attest : Wm. A. Crafts, 

Clerk. 
Mat 12, 1896. 



Petition of the Wakefield <% Stoneuam Street Railway Company 

FOR consent to A GrADE CROSSING OF THE BoSTON & MaINE 

Railroad, in Reading. 

In the matter of the petition of the Wakefield & Stoneham Street 
Railway Company for the consent of the Board, under chapter 426 
of the Acts of 1895, to the construction by said company of its rail- 
way across the tracks of the Boston & Maine Railroad, at the same 
level with said tracks, on Washington Street in the town of Reading, — 

It appearing, after public notice and hearing, at which the said 
Boston & Maine Railroad appeared by its counsel and was fully 
heard, that the petitioner has been duly granted by the selectmen of 
said town a location for the extension of its railway across said 
tracks on said street, and has duly accepted said location ; that it 
is proposed to abandon the grade crossing of the tracks of said rail- 
road by said railway now existing on Main Street in said town, so 
that there will be no increase of the dangers to public travel arising 
from such crossings ; and that, under these circumstances, the public 
convenience and safety reasonably require a crossing on the same 
level at the place prayed for, — it is 

Ordered, That the Board consent to the construction by the 
petitioner of its railway at grade across the said railroad on said 
Washington Street, in the town of Reading ; but on the following 
express conditions, restrictions and regulations, which are imposed 
pursuant to the provisions of chapter 228 of the Acts of 1892, — 
namely : 

1. The said crossing shall be constructed and maintained with 
frogs, or otherwise, by and at the cost of the petitioner, in a manner, 
and at a point and angle within the limits of said Washington Street, 
satisfactory to said Boston <& Maine Railroad ; or, if the parties do 
not agree in regard thereto, in the manner and at the point and 



1897.] RAILROAD AND RAILWAY CROSSINGS. 143 

angle hereafter prescribed from time to time, after notice and 
hearing of both parties, by this Board. 

2. The petitioner shall reimburse to the said Boston & Maine 
Railroad semi-annually, on the first days of January and July in each 
year, while and so long as the petitioner uses said crossing in the 
operation of its railway, one half of the expense incurred by said 
•corporation in maintaining gates and a gate-tender at said crossing, 
or in otherwise lawfully protecting the same ; and if the parties do 
not agree as to the amount of expense to be from time to time so 
reimbursed, it shall be determined, after notice and hearing as afore- 
said, by this Board. 

3. At or before the time when said crossing on Washington Street 
begins to be used for the running of street railway cars across said 
railroad, the petitioner, with the consent and acceptance of the 
selectmen of said town of Reading, shall surrender its existing 
location across said railroad on Main Street, and shall remove its 
track at said last-named crossing ; and shall not thereafter relay or 
maintain any track or run any car across said railroad on said Main 
Street so long as a street railway track is operated across said rail- 
road on Washington Street. 

4. These conditions, restrictions and regulations may be changed 
from time to time, or others imposed, pursuant to said chapter 228 
of the Acts of 1892, as justice between the said parties, their suc- 
cessors and assigns, and the public safety and convenience may seem 

to require. 

Attest: Wm. A. Crafts, 

Clerk, 
June 15, 1896. 

Petition of the Blackstonb Valley Street Railway Company 

FOR consent to A GraDE CROSSING OF THE PROVIDENCE & 

Worcester Railroad, in Millbury. 

In the matter of the petition of the Blackstone Valley Street Rail- 
-way Company for the consent of the Board, under chapter 426 of the 
Acts of 1895, to the construction and temporary maintenance by 
fiaid company of its railway across the tracks of the Providence & 
Worcester Railroad, now leased to and operated by the New York, 
New Haven & Hartford Railroad Company, at the same level with said 
tracks, at Daniels crossing, so called, on Providence Street, in the 
town of Millbury, — 

It appearing, after public notice and hearing, at which the said 
railroad companies appeared by their counsel and were fully heard, 
that the petitioner has been duly granted by the selectmen of said 
town of Millbury a location of its railway across said tracks at the 



144 



APPENDIX — SPECIAL REPORTS. 



[Jan. 



place aforesaid, and has duly accepted said location ; that proceed- 
ings have been instituted, and a final decree entered therein by the 
Superior Court, under chapter 428 of the Acts of 1890, and the sev- 
eral acts in addition thereto and amendment thereof, for the abolition 
of said grade crossing, and for the construction of said street under 
said railroad in a new location ; and that, under these circumstances, 
the public convenience and safety may reasonably require a tempo- 
rary crossing of said railroad and railway tracks on the same level at 
the place prayed for, — it is 

Ordered^ That the Board consent to the construction by the peti- 
tioner of its railway at grade across the said railroad at said Daniels 
crossing, on Providence Street, in the town of Millbury ; but under 
the following express conditions, limitations, restrictions and regula- 
tions, which are imposed pursuant to the provisions of chapter 228 of 
the Acts of 1892, — namely : 

1. The said crossing shall be constructed, by and at the cost of 
the petitioner, with frogs or other device of a kind, and in a manner, 
satisfactory to and under the direction of the superintendent of the 
Worcester division of the said New York, New Haven & Hartford 
Railroad ; and if the parties do not agree in regard thereto, of a kind 
and in a manner prescribed by this Board after notice and hearing of 
the parties. 

2. A flagman shall be stationed at said crossing to protect the 
same in the manner prescribed by law, by the petitioner or by said 
railroad company, at the option of the latter ; and if by the latter, the 
petitioner shall pay the expense thereof ; and, if a flagman is so sta- 
tioned by said railroad company, it may discontinue meantime the 
present electric bell signal at said crossing. 

3. As soon as said Providence Street is so far constructed upon 
its new location (passing under said railroad) as to admit of the con- 
struction and operation of said street railway thereon, the railway 
track shall be removed from said Daniels crossing, and the petitioner 
shall pay the cost of restoring the railroad tracks to their ordinary 
and proper condition for railroad use. 

4. The petitioner shall not, by the construction, maintenance or 
operation of its railway at said crossing, in any way interfere with or 
hinder the work of abolishing the same pursuant to the proceedings 
and decree aforesaid. 

5. These conditions, limitations, restrictions and regulations may 
be changed from time to time, or others imposed, pursuant to said 
chapter 228 of the Acts of 1892, as the public safety and convenience 
may seem to the Board to require. 

Attest: Wm. A. Crafts, 

Clerk, 

JuifB 15, 1896. 



1897.] RAILROAD AND RAILWAY CROSSINGS. 145 

Petition of the Rockport Street Railway Company for consent 
TO A Grade Crossing of the Cape Ann Granite Railroad, in 
Rockport. 

In the matter of the petition of the Rockport Street Railway Com- 
pany for the consent of the Board, under chapter 426 of the Acts of 
1895, to the construction by said company of its railway across the 
tracks of the Cape Ann Granite Railroad Company, at the same level 
with said tracks, on Granite Street in the town of Rockport, — 

It appearing, after public notice and hearing, at which the sai^ 
railroad company appeared by its president and was fully heard, that 
the petitioner has been granted by the selectmen of said town a 
location for its railway across said tracks on said street, and has 
accepted said location ; that said railroad is used solely for the trans- 
portation of freight, and is operated at a rate of speed not exceeding 
four miles an hour across said street ; and that said crossing is pro- 
tected by gates, — it is 

Ordered^ That the Board consent to the construction by the peti- 
tioner of its railway at grade across the said railroad on said Granite 
Street in the town of Rockport ; but on the express condition, that 
said crossing shall be constructed and maintained with frogs or other- 
wise, by and at the cost of said railway company, in a manner satis- 
factory to said railroad company; or, if said parties do not agree 
with respect thereto, in such manner as shall, from time to time, after 
notice and hearing of the parties, be prescribed by this Board. 

Attest: Wm. J. McCullough, 

Assistant Clerk, 
July 24, 1896. 



Petition of the West End Street Railway Company for consent 
to a Temporary Grade Crossing of the New York, New 
Haven & Hartford Railroad, in Boston. 

In the matter of the petition of the West End Street Railway Com- 
pany for leave to make a temporary grade crossing of its tracks 
with the track of the New York, New Haven & Hartford Railroad 
Company, at a point on Centre Street in Boston, where a separation 
of the grades of the street and the railroad is being effected, — 

It appearing that the track of the New York, New Haven & Hart- 
ford Railroad is used only for constru6tion trains during the work 
of completing the elevated tracks of said railroad, and will be used 
only temporarily, and that the West End Street Railway Company la 
obliged to pass under the elevated tracks in order to maintain and 
operate its railway as heretofore located and operated ; and it also 



146 



APPENDIX — SPECIAL REPORTS. 



[Jan. 



appearing that the New York, New Haven & Hartford Railroad Com- 
pany consents to such crossing ander proper restrictions, — it is 

Ordered^ That the West End Street Railway Company is hereby 
authorized to construct its tracks across the track of the New York, 
New Haven & Hartford Railroad Company, on Centre Street in Boston, 
now used only for construction purposes, at a level therewith : 

Provided^ that the said West End Street Railway Company shall 
maintain flagmen for the protection of its cars at said crossing by day 
and by night, during the hours that its cars are run over the same, 
and shall be subject to such other restrictions as may from time to 
time be prescribed by this Board. 

Attest: Wh. A. Crafts, 

Clerk. 
Sbftbmbbr 9, 1896. 



1897.] CONSOLIDATIONS. 147 



[C] 



ORDERS RELATING TO RAILROADS. 



RAILROAD CONSOLIDATIONS. 



Afpboyal of Terms of Consolidation of the Fall Riyer with 

THE Old Colony Railroad Company. 

In the matter of the joint petition of the Old Colony Railroad Com- 
pany and the Fall River Railroad Company for the approval by the 
Board of the terms of a proposed purchase and sale by and to said 
first-named company of the property and franchises of said last-named 
company, — 

It appearing, after a pnblic hearing, of which notice was given by 
public advertisement pursuant to the order of the Board, that such 
purchase and sale have been authorized by chapter 451 of the Acts 
of 1893 ; that the terms proposed, as hereinafter set forth, have been 
agreed upon by the directors, and approved at meetings duly called 
for that purpose by a majority in interest of the stockholders present 
and voting, of each of the corporations aforesaid ; that the price or 
consideration proposed to be paid is materially less than the amount 
of the now outstanding capital stock and debt of the selling corpora- 
tion, and does not exceed the actual cost and fair value of its assets 
and property ; 

Now, therefore, it appearing to the Board, upon the facts and for 
the reasons above stated, that the terms are reasonable and not inju- 
rious to the public interest, — it is 

Ordered ^ That the terms of purchase and sale be approved as 
follows, to wit : — 

1. The Fall River Railroad Company shall duly convey and trans- 
fer to the Old Colony Railroad Company all its property and fran- 
chises of every name and description. 

2. The Old Colony Railroad Company shall thereupon issue to the 
holders of the five per cent first mortgage bonds of the Fall River 



148 APPENDIX — RAILROAD ORDERS. [Jan, 

Railroad (Company, amounting to $200,000, in exchange for said 
bonds, (which bonds, upon such exchange, shall be surrendered and 
cancelled), its own bonds, bearing interest at the rate of four per 
cent per annum, payable semi-annually, the principal to be payable 
not less than twenty nor more than fifty years from the date thereof, 
as its directors may elect ; and shall assume and pay all other debts, 
and shall perform all obligations, of the Fall River Railroad 
Company. 

3. The Old Colony Railroad Company shall issue to the holders 
of the shares of the capital stock of the Fall River Railroad Company, 
amounting to $200,000, in exchange for said shares, (the certificates 
of which shares, upon such exchange, shall be surrendered and can- 
celled), shares ^of its own (capital stock to the amount of $20,000, 
namely, one share of Old Colony Railroad stock for each ten shares 
of Fall River Railroad stock ; and, if so requested, shall buy fractions 
of shares at current market rates. 

Provided^ however^ that the shares of new stock which the Old 
Colony Railroad Company shall thus receive in exchange for the shares 
of Fall River Railroad stock now owned by it, shall be sold at their 
fair market price (not less than $173 per share), and the proceeds 
thereof shall be applied to the making of permanent additions and 
improvements to its railroad and railroad property, or to the payment 
of debts incurred for such additions and improvements. 

Attest: Wm. A. Crafts, 

Clerk, 
GoTOBEB 26, 1896. 



1897.] STOCK AND BOND ISSUES. 149 



ISSUES OF STOCK AND BONDS. 



Issue and Sale of Stock by Boston & Lowell Railroad Corporation. 

Id the matter of the petition of the Boston & Lowell Railroad 
Corporation for authority to increase the capital stock of said corpo- 
ration, under chapters 207 of the Acts of 1891 and 502 of the Acts of 
1894, by the amount of $200,000, in addition to the amount of 
$6,329,400 now authorized and outstanding, and for the approval 
by the Board, under chapter 462 of the Acts of 1894, of an issue of 
capital stock by said corporation to the amount of $200,000, for the 
purpose of paying for permanent investments and improvements, and 
for funding its floating debt, — 

It appearing, after public notice and hearing, that such increase 
has been duly authorized by vote of the stockholders of said com- 
pany ; that the proposed purposes are necessary and lawful, and 
consistent with the public interest ; that an increase of capital stock 
is necessary in order to enable said company to carry out the same in 
good faith ; and 

It being deemed by the Board that an issue of capital stock to the 
amount of $200,000 is reasonably requisite for the purposes for 
which such issue is authorized, as hereinafter specified, — it is 

Ordered^ That the Board authorize and approve an increase of the 
capital stock of the said Boston & Lowell Railroad Corporation by 
the issue, subject to the provisions of all laws applicable to such 
issue, of not to exceed 2,000 additional shares, amounting at the par 
value thereof to $200,000 ; the said increase, or the proceeds thereof, 
to be applied to the following purposes, and no other, namely : To 
paying for permanent additions to and improvements upon the road 
and property of said corporation, made pursuant to its lease to the 
Boston & Maine Railroad, dated June 22, 1887, the cost of such 
additions and improvements to January 1, 1896, being about 
$314,000 ; and to paying and funding the floating debt of said corpo- 
ration, the amount thereof being $100,000. 

The said shares, or so many thereof as may be necessary for the 
several purposes aforesaid, are to be sold at public auction ; and the 
Board, pursuant to the provisions of chapter 472 of the Acts of 
1894, prescribes the Boston Advertiser^ Journal and Transcript as 



150 APPENDIX — RAILROAD ORDERS. [Jan. 

the daily newspapers in which notice of the time and place of sale 

shall be published at least five times during the ten days immediately 

preceding such sale. 

Attest: Wm. A. Crafts, 

Clerk. 
March d» 1896. 



Issue of Bonds by Old Colony Railroad Company. 

In the matter of the petition of the Old Colony Railroad Company 
for the approval by the Board, under chapter 462 of the Acts of 
1894, of an issue of bonds by said company to an amount not to ex- 
ceed $900,000, for the purpose of funding its debt incurred in con- 
struction, and for other necessary and lawful purposes set forth in 
said petition, — 

It appearing, upon investigation by the Board, that an issue of 
bonds to the amount aforesaid has been authorized by the vote of the 
stockholders of said company at a meeting called for the purpose ; 
that the purposes for which it is proposed to issue said bonds are nec- 
essary and lawful ; that the amount of bonds proposed to be issued 
will not exceed the capital stock of said company actually paid in 
cash, and that such issue is consistent with the public interests ; and 

It being deemed by the Board that an issue of bonds to the amount 
of $900,000 is reasonably requisite for the purposes for which such 
issue is authorized, as hereinafter specified, — it is 

Ordered^ That the Board approve an issue of coupon or registered 
bonds by the said Old Colony Railroad Company, subject to the pro- 
visions of all laws applicable to such issue, to an amount not to ex- 
ceed $900,000 par value, payable at periods not exceeding fifty years 
from the date thereof, with interest at a rate not to exceed five per 
cent per annum ; the said bonds or the proceeds thereof to be ap- 
plied to the following purpose, and to no other, namely : To funding 
the existing floating debt of said company which has been incurred in 
the construction and improvement of its railroad and railroad prop- 
erty, in the purchase of real and personal estate necessary or conven- 
ient for the operation thereof, and for other permanent additions and 
improvements. 

Ordered^ also^ with the consent and at the request of said com- 
pany, that the order of the Board bearing date August 26, 1895, 
approving an issue of bonds by said company to the amount of 
$600,000, for the purposes aforesaid, be and the same is hereby re- 
scinded, no bonds having been issued under said order. 

Attest: Wm. A. Cbafts, 

Clerk 

m 

Mabch 10, 1896. 



1897.] STOCK AND BOND ISSUES. 151 

l88ue of Bonds by Boston & Lowell Railroad CorporaJtion, 

In the matter of the petition of the Boston & Lowell Railroad 
Corporation for the approval by the Board, under chapter 462 of the 
Acts of 1894, of an issue of bonds by said corporation to the amount 
of 9750,000, for the purpose hereinafter set forth, — 

It appearing, after public notice and hearing, that said corporation 
has heretofore lawfully issued its six per cent bonds to the amount 
of $750,000, which bonds are now outstanding and are due and 
payable July 1, 1896; and that, for the purpose of paying and re- 
funding said bonds, an issue of four per cent bonds, payable twenty 
years from said first day of July, 1896, hsus been authorized by the 
vote of the stockholders of said corporation at a meeting called for 
the purpose ; and 

It being deemed by the Board that the amount of bonds proposed 
to be issued, to wit, 9750,000, is reasonably requisite for the purpose 
for which such issue has been authorized as aforesaid, — it is 

Ordered^ That the Board approve the issue by the said Boston & 

Lowell Railroad Corporation, subject to the provisions of all laws 

applicable to such issue, of its four per cent bonds, to be dated 

July I, 1896, payable twenty years from said date, to an amount not 

exceeding $750,000 ; the said bonds or the proceeds thereof to be 

applied to paying and refunding the aforesaid six per cent bonds of 

said corporation, to the amount of $750,000, falliug due on said first 

day of July, 1896 ; and any excess of such bonds or proceeds, not 

required and used for that purpose, to be applied to paying for 

permanent additions to and improvements upon the road and property 

of said corporation, made pursuant to its lease to the Boston & Maine 

Railroad, dated June 22, 1887. 

Attest: Wm. A. Crafts, 

Clerk. 
MA.BCU 17, 1896. 

Issue of Bonds by Old Colony Railroad Company. 

In the matter of the application of the Old Colony Railroad 
Company for the approval by the Board, under the provisions of 
chapter 462 of the Acts of 1894, of an issue of bonds by said 
company to the amount of $250,000, for the purpose hereinafter set 
forth, — 

It appearing, upon investigation by the Board, that said company 
has heretofore lawfully issued its six per cent bonds to the amount 
of $1,100,000, which bonds are now outstanding and are due and 
payable September 1, 1896 ; and that, for the purpose of paying and 
refunding a portion of said bonds, an issue of four per cent bonds 



152 APPENDIX — RAILROAD ORDERS. [Jao. 

has been duly authorized by the vote of the stockholders of said 
company at a meeting called for the purpose ; and 

It being deemed by the Board that the amount of bonds proposed 
to be issued, to wit, $250, 000, is reasonably requisite for the purpose 
for which such issue has been authorized as aforesaid, — it is 

Ordered^ That the Board approve the issue by the said Old 
Colony Railroad Company, subject to the provisions of all laws 
applicable to such issue, of its four per cent bonds, payable thirty 
years from December 1, 1895, to an amount not exceeding $250,000 ; 
the said bonds or the proceeds thereof, so far as the same will suffice, 
to be applied and used solely for the purpose of paying and refunding 
the aforesaid six per cent bonds of said company, to the amount of 
$1,100,000, falling due on said first day of September, 1896. 

Attest: Wm. A. Crafts, 

Clerh. 
April 4, 1896. 

I88U£ and Sale of Stock by Old Colony Railroad Company. 

In the matter of the petition of the Old Colony Railroad Company 
for the approval by the Board, under chapter 462 of the Acts of 
1894, of an issue of capital stock by said company to an amount 
not to exceed $200,000, in addition to the amount of $15,689,100 now 
authorized and outstanding, for the purpose of providing means to 
pay for lands purchased, for the elimination of grade crossings, and 
for other purposes set forth in said petition, — 

It appearing, upon investigation by the Board, that the proposed 
purposes are necessary and lawful, and consistent with the public 
interest ; that said company has been duly authorized to increase its 
capital stock for said purposes, and that an increase of capital stock 
is necessary in order to enable said company to carry out the same 
in good faith ; and 

It being deemed by the Board that an issue of capital stock to 
the amount of $200,000 is reasonably requisite for the purposes for 
which such issue is authorized, as hereinafter specified, — it is 

Ordered^ That the Board authorize and approve an increase of the 
capital stock of the said Old Colony Railroad Company by the issue, 
subject to the provisions of all laws applicable to such issue, of not 
to exceed 2,000 additional shares, amounting at the par value thereof 
to $200,000; the said increase, or the proceeds thereof, to be 
applied to the following purposes, and no other, namely : To paying 
for lands purchased, for the construction of new tracks, for the 
elimination of grade crossings (including the elevation of the tracks 
of the Boston & Providence Railroad), for the erection of new 
buildings, and for other necessary and permanent additions and im- 



1897.] STOCK AND BOND ISSUES. 153 

provements to its railroad and railroad property, and for repaying 
money borrowed to pay for the same. 

And it further appearing that the said proposed increase of capital 
stock does not exceed four per cent of the existing capital stock of 
said company, and that the directors may therefore lawfully dispose 
of said new shares at public auction in the manner provided in the 
second section of chapter 472 of the Acts of 1894, and that they 
desire so to dispose of the same, it is also 

Ordered^ That the Board prescribe the Boston Advertiser ^ the Boston 
Transcript and the Boston Journal, as the daily newspapers in which 
notice of such sale shall be published by said company in the manner 
provided in said last-named act. 

Attest: Wm. A. Crafts, 

Clerk. 
June 1, 1896. 

Issue of Bonds by Old Colony Railroad Company. 

In the matter of the petition of the Old Colony Railroad Company 
for the approval by the Board, under chapter 462 of the Acts of 
1894, of an issue of bonds by said company to the amount of $850,- 
000, for the purpose of refunding a portion of the funded debt of 
said company, and for other purposes set forth in said petition, — 

It appearing, upon investigation by the Board, that an issue of 
bonds to the amount aforesaid has been authorized by the vote of the 
stockholders of said company at a meeting called for the purpose ; 
that the purposes for which it is proposed to issue said bonds are 
necessary and lawful ; that the amount of bonds proposed to be 
issued will not exceed the capital stock of said company actually 
paid in cash, and that such issue is consistent with the public in- 
terests ; and 

It being deemed by the Board that an issue of bonds to the amount 
of 9850,000 is reasonably requisite for the purposes for which such 
issue is authorized, as hereinafter specified, — it is 

Ordered, That the Board approve an issue of coupon or registered 
bonds by the said Old Colony Railroad Company, subject to the pro- 
visions of all laws applicable to such issue, to an amount not to ex- 
ceed 9850,000 par value, payable December 1, 1925, with interest at 
a rate not to exceed four per cent per annum ; the said bonds or the 
proceeds thereof to be applied to the following purposes, and to no 
other, namely : — 

1. To paying, retiring and refunding other bonds of said com- 
pany now outstanding, to the amount of $840,000, to wit, the bal- 
ance of an issue of six per cent bonds, originally amounting to 
$1,100,000, which said bonds mature September 1, 1896. 



154 APPENDIX — RAILROAD ORDERS. [Jan. 

2. To paying and funding a portion of the floating debt of said 
company, which has been incurred in the purchase of lands, the con- 
struction of new tracks, the elimination of grade crossings, and in 
other permanent additions and improvements to its railroad and rail- 
road property. 

Attest: Wm. A. Crafts, 

Clerk. 
June 2, 1896. 

I88ue of Bonds by Fitchburg Railroad Company, 

In the matter of the petition of the Fitchburg Railroad Company 
for the approval by the Board, under chapter 462 of the Acts of 
1894, of an issue of bonds by said company to the amount of 
$500,000, for the purpose of paying and funding or refunding a 
portion of the funded and floating debt of said company, — 

It appearing, after public notice and hearing, that said company 
has heretofore assumed certain six per cent bonds originally issued 
by the Cheshire Railroad Company, of which bonds the sum of 
$250,000 will mature July 1, 1896 ; and has also heretofore assumed 
and has actually paid certain bonds originally issued by the Boston, 
Barre & Gardner Railroad Company, to wit, $95,700 three per cent 
bonds and $57,300 six per cent bonds, both maturing July 1, 1895 ; 
also certain bonds originally issued by the Monadnock Railroad 
Company, to wit, $48,000 five per cent bonds maturing July 1, 1897, 
but payable on call, and actually paid July 1, 1895 ; and that said 
petitioning company has incurred a floating debt of $250,000 
(and more) for money borrowed to pay the bonds paid as afore- 
said, and also to pay for permanent additions and improvements 
to its railroad and railroad property ; and it further appearing that 
an issue of bonds to said amount of $500,000 has been duly authorized 
by the vote of the stockholders of said company at a meeting called 
for the purpose, and also by vote of the directors of said company ; 
that the purposes for which it is proposed to issue said bonds are 
necessary and lawful ; that the amount of bonds proposed to be 
issued will not exceed the capital stock of said company actually 
paid in cash, and that such issue is consistent with the public 
interests ; and 

It being deemed by the Board that an issue of bonds to the amount 
of $500,000 is reasonably requisite for the purposes for which such 
issue is authorized, as hereinafter specified, — it is 

Ordered^ That the Board approve an issue of coupon or registered 
bonds by the said Fitchburg Railroad Company, subject to the pro- 
visions of all laws applicable to such issue, to an amount not to 
exceed $500,000 par value, to be dated July 1, 1896, and payable 



1«97.] STOCK AND BOND ISSUES. 155 

twenty years from the date thereof, with interest at a rate not to 
exceed foar per cent per annum ; the said bonds or the proceeds 
thereof to be applied to the following purposes, and to no other, 
namely : — 

1. To paying and refunding the aforesaid Cheshire Railroad 
bonds, to the amount of 9250,000, maturing July 1, 1896. 

2. To paying and funding the floating debt of said company in- 
curred for money borrowed to pay the aforesaid Boston, Barre & 
Gardner Railroad bonds and Monadnock Railroad bonds, amounting 
in all to $201,000, and also to pay for permanent additions and im- 
provements to the railroad and railroad property of said petitioning 
company. Attest: Wh. A. Crafts, 

Clerk, 
June 22, 1896. 



Issue of Bonds by Boston Terminal Company. 

In the matter of the petitiqn of the Boston Terminal Company for 
the approval by the Board, under chapter 516 of the Acts of 1896, of 
an issue of bonds by said company to the amount of $6,000,000, for 
the purpose of carrying out the provisions of said act, entitled ^^An 
Act to provide for a Union Station for Passengers on Railroads en- 
tering the Southerly part of the city of Boston ", — 

It appearing, after public notice and hearing, and after such fur- 
ther investigation as was deemed requisite, that an issue of bonds by 
said company to an amount approved by the Board has been autLor- 
ized by said chapter 516 of the Acts of 1896 ; that the purposes for 
which it is proposed to issue said bonds are necessary and lawful, 
and that such issue is consistent with the public interests ; and 

It being deemed by the Board that an issue of bonds to the amount 
of $6,000,000 is reasonably requisite for the purposes for which such 
issue is authorized, as hereinafter specified, — it is 

Ordered^ That the Board approve an issue of coupon or registered 
bonds by the said Boston Terminal Company, subject to the 
provisions of all general and special laws applicable to such issue, 
to an amount not to exceed $6,000,000 par value, payable at periods 
not exceeding fifty years from the date thereof, with interest at a 
rate not to exceed four per cent per annum, and secured by a mort- 
gage of a part or all of the real estate of said company, now owned 
or hereafter acquired, and otherwise secured as provided in said act ; 
the said bonds or the proceeds thereof to be applied to the following 
purposes, and to no other, namely : To providing the necessary 
means for the acquisition of land under and in accordance with the 
provisions of section five of the act aforesaid, and for the preparation 



156 APPENDIX — RAILROAD ORDERS. [Jan. 

of said land for the erection of a passenger station thereon, in com- 
pliance with the provisions of said act : 

Provided^ however^ That no bonds shall be issued as aforesaid 
until the whole of the capital stock of said company, to wit, $500,000, 
has been fully paid in cash. 

Attest: Wh. A. Crafts, 

Clerk. 
July 1, 1896. 

Issue and Sale of Stock by Old Colony Railroad Company. 

In the matter of the petition of the Old Colony Railroad Company 
for authority to increase the capital stock of said company by the 
amount of $100,000, in addition to the amount of $15,889,100 now 
authorized and outstanding, and for the approval by the Board, un- 
der chapter 462 of the Acts of 1894, of an issue of capital stock by 
said company to the amount of $100,000, for the purpose of provid- 
ing means to pay for lands purchased, and for other additions and 
improvements, — 

It appearing, upon investigation by the Board, that said company 
has been authorized by special legislative acts to make additions and 
improvements to its property, including the abolition of certain grade 
crossings, and to increase its capital stock therefor ; that the issue of 
stock now in question has been duly authorized by vote of the stock- 
holders of said company under said acts ; that the proposed purposes 
are necessary and lawful, and consistent with the public interest; 
^hat an increase of capital stock is necessary in order to euable said 
company to carry out the same in good faith ; and 

It being deemed by the Board that an issue of capital stock to the 
amount of $100,000 is reasonably requisite for the purposes for which 
such issue is authorized, as hereinafter specified, — it is 

Ordered^ That the Board authorize and approve an increase of the 
capital stock of the said Old Colony Railroad Company by the issue, 
subject to the provisions of all laws applicable to such issue, of not 
to exceed 1,000 additional shares, amounting at the par value thereof 
to $100,000; the said increase, or the proceeds thereof, to be applied 
to the following purposes, and no other, namely : To providing the 
means to pay for lands purchased, for the elimination of grade cross- 
ings (including the elevation of the tracks of the Boston & Provi- 
dence Railroad) , and for the payment of indebtedness contracted for 
said purposes. 

And it further appearing that the said proposed increase of capital 
stock does not exceed four per cent of the existing capital stock of 
said company, and that the directors may therefore lawfully dispose 
of said new shares at public auction in the manner provided in the 



1897.] STOCK AND BOND ISSUES. 157 

second section of chapter 472 of the Acts of 1894, and that they de- 
sire so to dispose of the same, it is also 

Ordered^ That the Board prescribe the Boston Advertiser^ the Bos^ 
ton Transcript J and the Boston Journal^ as the daily newspapers in 
which notice of such sale shall be pabliBhed by said company in the 
manner provided in said last-named act. 

Attest: Wm. A. Crafts, 

Clerk. 
August 14» 1896. 

Issue and Sale of Stock by Old Colony Railroad Company, 

In the matter of the petition of the Old Colony Railroad Company 
for authority to increase the capital stock of said company by the 
amount of $100,000, in addition to the amount of $15,989,100 now 
authorized and outstanding, and for the approval by the Board, un- 
der chapter 462 of the Acts of 1894, of an issue of capital stock by 
said company to the amount of $100,000, for the purpose of provid- 
ing means to pay for lands purchased, and for other additions and 
improvements, — 

It appearing, upon investigation by the Board, that said company 
has been authorized by special legislative acts to make additions and 
improvements to its property, including the abolition of certain grade 
crossings, and to increase its capital stock therefor ; that the issue of 
stock now in question has been duly authorized by vote of the stock- 
holders of said company under said acts ; that the proposed purposes 
are necessary and lawful, and consistent with the public interest ; 
that an increase of capital stock is necessary in order to enable said 
company to carry out the same in good faith ; and 

It being deemed by the Board that an issue of capital stock to the 
amount of $100,000 is reasonably requisite for the purposes for which 
such issue is authorized, as hereinafter specified, — it is 

Ordered^ That the Board authorize and approve an increase of the 
capital stock of the said Old Colony Railroad Company by the issue, 
subject to the provisions of all laws applicable to such issue, of not 
to exceed 1 ,000 additional shares, amounting at the par value thereof 
to $100,000 ; the said increase, or the proceeds thereof, to be applied 
to the following purposes, and no other, namely : To providing the 
means to pay for lands purchased, for tbe elimination of grade cross- 
ings (including the elevation of the tracks of the Boston <& Providence 
Railroad), and for the payment of indebtedness contracted for said 
purposes. 

And it further appearing that the said proposed increase of capital 
stock does not exceed four per cent of the existing capital stock of 
said company, and that the directors may therefore lawfully dispose 



158 APPENDIX — RAILROAD ORDERS. [Jan. 

of said new shares at public auction in the manner provided in the 
second section of chapter 472 of the Acts of 1894, and that they de- 
sire BO to dispose of the same, it is also 

Orderedj That the Board prescribe the Boston Advertiser^ the Bos- 
ton Transcript and the Boston Journal^ as the daily newspapers in 
which notice of such sale shall be published by said company in the 
manner provided in said last-named act. 

Attest: Wm. A. Crafts, 

CUrk. 
Sbptbmbbr 18, 1896. 



Issue of Stock by Old Colony Railroad Company. 

In the matter of the petition of the Old Ck>lony Railroad Ck>mpany 
for the approval by the Board, under chapter 462 of the Acts of 
1894, of an issue of capital stock by said company to the amount of 
$20,000, in addition to the amount of $16,089,100 now authorized 
and outstanding, for the purpose of retiring by exchange the existing 
capital stock, amounting to $200,000, of the Fall River Railroad 
Company, — 

It appearing, after notice and public hearing, and upon investiga- 
tion by the Board, that the proposed purpose is necessary and 
lawful, and consistent with the public interest; that said company 
has been duly authorized by chapter 451 of the Acts of 1893, and by 
vote of its stockholders at a meeting duly called, to increase its 
capital stock for said purpose, and that an increase of capital stock 
is necessary in order to enable said company to carry out the same 
in good faith ; and 

It being deemed by the Board that an issue of capital stock to the 
amount of $20,000 is reasonably requisite for the purpose for which 
such issue is authorized, as hereinafter specified, — it is 

Ordered^ That the Board authorize and approve an increase of the 
capital stock of the said Old Colony Railroad Company by the issue, 
subject to the provisions of all laws applicable to such issue, of not 
to exceed 200 additional shares, amounting at the par value thereof 
to $20,000 ; the said shares to be applied to the following purpose, 
and no other, namely: To retiring by exchange the outstanding 
capital stock, amounting to $200,000, of the Fall River Railroad 
Company, in accordance with the provisions of an order of the 
Board, of even date herewith, approving the terms of the purchase 
and sale by and to said Old Colony Railroad Company of the property 
and franchises of said Fall River Railroad Company. 

Attest: Wh. A. Crafts, 

Clerk, 
OoTOBBR 26, 1896. 



1897.] STOCK AND BOND ISSUES. 159 



Issue of Bonds by Old Colony Railroad Company. 

In the matter of the petition of the Old Colony Railroad Company 
for the approval by the Board, under chapter 462 of the Acts of 
1894, of an issue of bonds by said company to the amount of $200,- 
000, for the purpose of retiring by exchange an equal amount of 
bonds issued by the Fall River Railroad Company and now outatand- 

ing» — 

It appearing, after notice and public hearing, and upon investiga- 
tion by the Board, that an issue of bonds to the amount aforesaid has 
been authorized by vote of the stockholders of said company at a 
meeting called for the purpose ; that the purpose for which it is pro- 
posed to issue said bonds is necessary and lawful ; that the amount 
of bonds proposed to be issued, including all other bonds outstand- 
ing, will not exceed the capital stock of said company actually paid 
in cash ; and that such issue is consistent with the public interests ; 
and 

It being deemed by the Board that an issue of bonds to the amount 
of $200,000 is reasonably requisite for the purpose for which such 
issue is authorized, as hereinafter specified, — it is 

Ordered^ That the Board approve an issue of coupon or registered 
bonds by the said Old Colony Railroad Company, subject to the pro- 
visions of all laws applicable to such issue, to an amount not to ex- 
ceed $200,000 par value, payable at periods of not less than twenty 
nor more than fifty years from the date thereof, with interest at a 
rate not to exceed four per cent per annum ; the said bonds to be 
applied to the following purpose, and to no other, namely : To re- 
tiring by exchange the outstanding five per cent first mortgage bonds 
of the Fall River Railroad Company to the same amount, in accord- 
ance with the provisions of an order of the Board, of even date here- 
with, approving the terms of the purchase and sale by and to said 
Old Colony Railroad Company of the property and franchises of said 
Fall River Railroad Company. 

Attest: .Wm. a. Crafts, 

Clerk, 
OcTOBBB 26, 1896. 

Issue and Sale of Stock by Old Colony Railroad Company. 

In the matter of the petition of the Old Colony Railroad Company 
for the approval by the Board, under chapter 462 of the Acts of 
1894, of an issue of capital stock by said company to an amount not 
to exceed $500,000, in addition to the amount of $16,109,100 now 
outstanding or authorized, for the purpose of providing means to 



160 



APPENDIX — RAILROAD ORDERS. 



[Jan. 



pay for lands purchased, for the elimination of grade crossings, and 
for other purposes set forth in said petition, — 

It appearing, upon investigation by the Board, that the proposed 
purposes are necessary and lawful, and consistent with the public 
interest ; that said company has been duly authorized by legislative 
acts, and by votes of its stockholders and directors, to increase its 
capital stock for said purposes, and that an increase of capital stock 
is necessary in order to enable said company to carry out the same 
in good faith ; and 

It being deemed by the Board that an issue of capital stock to the 
amount of $500,000 is reasonably requisite for the purposes for which 
such issue is authorized, as hereinafter specified, — it is 

Ordered^ That the Board authorize and approve an increase of the 
capital stock of the said Old Colony Railroad Company by the issue, 
subject to the provisions of all laws applicable to such issue, of not 
to exceed 5,000 additional shares, amounting at the par value thereof 
to $500,000 ; the said increase, or the proceeds thereof, to be applied 
to the following purposes, and no other, namely : To paying for lands 
purchased, for the construction of new tracks, for the elimination of 
grade crossings (including the elevation of the tracks of the Boston 
& Providence Railroad), for the erection of new buildings, and for 
other necessary and permanent additions and improvements to its 
railroad and railroad property, and for repaying money borrowed to 
pay for the same. 

And it further appearing that the said proposed increase of capital 
stock does not exceed four per cent of the existing capital stock of 
said company, and that the directors may therefore lawfully dispose 
of said new shares at public auction in the manner provided in the 
second section of chapter 472 of the Acts of 1894, and that they 
desire so to dispose of the same, it is also 

Ordered^ That the Board prescribe the Boston Advertiser^ the Boston 
Transcript^ and the Boston Journal^ as the daily newspapers in which 
notice of such sale shall be published by said company in the manner 
provided in said last-named act. 

Attest: Wm. A. Crafts, 

Clerk. 

Dbcbmbbb 9, 1896. 



Issue of Bonds by Old Colony RaUroad Company, 

In the matter of the petition of the Old Colony Railroad Company 
for the approval by the Board, under chapter 462 of the Acts of 1894, 
of an issue of bonds by said company to an amount not to exceed 
$500,000, for the purpose of paying and funding its debts which have 



1897.] STOCK AND BOND ISSUES. 161 

been contracted in constrnction, purchase of lands, and for other 
necessary and lawful purposes set forth in said petition, — 

It appearing, upon investigation by the Board, that an issue of 
bonds to the amount aforesaid has been authorized by vote of the 
stockholders of said company at a meeting called for the purpose ; 
that the purposes for which it is proposed to issue said bonds are 
necessary and lawful; that the amount of bonds proposed to be 
issued will not exceed the capital stock of said company actually paid 
in cash, and that such issue is consistent with the public interests ; and 

It being deemed by the Board that an issue of bonds to the amount 
of $500,000 is reasonably requisite for the purposes for which such 
issue is authorized, as hereinafter specified, — it is 

Orderedj That the Board approve an issue of coupon or registered 
bonds by the said Old Ck>lony Railroad Company, subject to the pro- 
visions of all laws applicable to such issue, to an amount not to ex- 
ceed $500,000 par value, payable December 1, 1925, with interest at 
a rate not to exceed four per cent per annum ; the said bonds or the 
proceeds thereof to be applied to the following purposes, and to no 
other, namely : To paying and funding the floating debt of said com- 
pany incurred in the improvement of its railroad and railroad prop- 
erty, in the purchase of real and personal estate necessary or 
convenient for the operation thereof, and for other permanent im- 
provements and additions thereto. 

Attest: Wm. A. Crafts, 

Clerk. 

Decembbb 9, 1896. • 



Issue of Bonds by Boston Terminal Company. 

In the matter of the petition of the Boston Terminal Company for 
the approval by the Board, under chapter 516 of the Acts of 1896, of 
an issue of bonds by said company to the amount of $2,000,000, in 
addition to the amount of $6,000,000 heretofore approved by the 
Boanl, for the purpose of carrying out the provisions of said act, en- 
titled '^ An Act to provide for a union station for passengers on 
railroads entering the southerly part of the city of Boston," — 

It appearing, after public notice and hearing, and after such fur- 
ther investigation as was deemed requisite, that an issue of bonds by 
said company to such an amount as may be necessary and as may be 
approved by the Board has been authorized by said chapter 516 of 
the Acts of 1896 ; that the purposes for which it is proposed to issue 
said bonds are necessary and lawful, and that such issue is consistent 
with the public interests ; and 

It being deemed by the Board that an additional issue of bonds to 



162 APPENDIX — RAILROAD ORDERS. [Jan. 

the amount of $2,000,000 is reasonably requisite for the purposes for 
which such issue is authorized, as hereinafter specified, — it is 

Ordered^ That the Board approve an additional issue of coupon or 
registered bonds by the said Boston Terminal Company, subject to the 
provisions of all general and special laws applicable to such issue, to 
an amount not to exceed $2,000,000 par value, payable at periods 
not exceeding fifty years from the date thereof, with interest at a 
rate not to exceed four per cent per annum, and secured by a mort- 
gage of a part or all of the real estate of said company, now owned 
or hereafter acquired, and otherwise secured as provided in said act; 
the said bonds or the proceeds thereof to be applied to the following 
purposes, and to no other, namely: To providing the necessary 
means for the acquisition of land under and in accordance with the 
provisions of section five of the act aforesaid, and for the prepara- 
tion of said land for the erection of a passenger station thereon, and 
for defraying the cost of such station and its appurtenances, in com- 
pliance with the provisions of said act. 

Attest: Wm. A. Crafts, 

Clerk. 
Bbcbmbeb 17, 1896. 



1897.] CROSSINGS. 163 



RAILROAD CROSSINGS. 



Abolition of Gba.de Crossings with Highways. 

Change of Orade of New Torky New Haven & Hartford Railroad^ in 

SoutKborough. 

In the matter of the abolition of two highway crossings of the 
New York, New Haven & Hartford Railroad in the town of South- 
boroagh, as determined by the special commission appointed by the 
Saperior Court, — 

It appearing that said commission has decided that a change of the 
grade of the railroad tracks Is necessary, and application being made 
for the consent of the Board under the provisions of chapter 812 of 
the Acts of 1892 to said change of grade, and the several parties in 
Interest having declared respectively that they do not desire to be 
heard in the premises, — it is 

Ordered^ That the Board hereby consents that the grade of the 
railroad crossing above the new substitute highway, as determined by 
said special commission, shall be as follows : For a distance of twenty- 
five feet (25') on either side of the central line of said new way, it is 
to be level, at an elevation of 278.2 above the datum plane. From the 
southerly end of said level grade, the grade of said railroad as altered 
descends 0.35 feet per one hundred feet (100^) for about four hundred 
feet (40(y) until it intersects the existing grade of said railroad ; from 
the northerly end of said level grade, the grade of said railroad as 
altered descends 0.06 feet per one hundred feet (lOO') for about 
twelve hundred feet (1,200^) until it intersects the existing gracle 

of said railroad. 

Attest: Wm. A. Crafts, 

CUrk. 
Febbuabt 12, 1896. 

Change of Orade of Boston & Maine Railroad^ in Manchester. 

In the matter of the abolition of a grade crossing of Summer 
Street, a public way in the town of Manchester, and the tracks of the 
Boston & Maine Railroad, as determined by the special commission 
appointed by the Superior Court, on the petition of the directors of 
said Boston ^ Maine Railroad, — 



164 



APPENDIX — RAILROAD ORDERS. 



[Jan. 



It appearing that said commission has detennined that a change of 
the grade of the railroad is necessary in order to effect said alteration, 
and application being made for the consent of the Board, under the 
provisions of chapter 312 of the Acts of 1892, to said change of 
grade, and the several parties in interest having respectively waived 
any right to be heard upon the question of such consent, — it is 

Ordered^ That the Board hereby consents that the grade of said 
Boston & Maine Railroad may be changed for the purpose of the 
alteration of said crossing as follows : The roadbed shall be raised 
and filled for the double tracks of the railroad, so that the elevation 
of the base of the rail at the centre line of Summer Street shall 
be thirty-seven and ninety-three hundredths (37.93) feet above 
the datum reference plane used by the engineers of the Boston & 
Maine RaUroad in their surveys of the Gloucester Branch, the eleva- 
tion of the tracks to be about seven and forty-six hundredths (7.46) 
feet higher than the present track at said centre line ; from the centre 
line of Summer Street running in a northeasterly direction, the grade 
of the track shall rise at the rate of fifty-nine hundredths (59-100) 
of a foot in one hundred (100) feet until it intersects the grade of 
the present track ; from the centre line of Summer Street running 
southwesterly, the grade of the tracks shall descend at the rate of 
fifty-nine hundredths (59-100) of a foot in one hundred (100) feet 
to a point distant two hundred nine and thirty-three hundredths 
(209.33) feet from said centre line ; from thence running still south- 
westerly the grade shall be a vertical curve eight hundred (800) feet 
in length, ending at a point designated as station 386 on said surveys 
of Gloucester Branch ; the elevation of the base of rail at said station 
386 shall be thirty-six and forty-six hundredths (36.46) feet above 
said datum plane ; from said station 386 the grade rises in a south- 
westerly direction at the rate of fifty-three hundredths (53-100) of a 
foot in one hundred (100) feet until it intersects the present grade of 
the track. Attest: Wm. A. Crafts, 

Clerk, 
Fbbruart 28, 1896. 



Change of Grade of Boston <fc Albany Railroad^ in Newton. 

In the matter of the abolition of certain grade crossings of public 
and private ways in the city of Newton by the Boston & Albany 
Railroad, under the provisions of chapter 428 of the Acts of 1890 
and the several general and special acts in addition to or amendment 
thereof, — 

It appearing that the finding and report of the special commission 
appointed by the Superior Court on the abolition of said grade 
crossings provides for a change of the grade of said railroad, and it 



1897.] CROSSINGS. 165 

further appearing that all the parties in interest assent to such 

proposed change of grade or do not desire to be heard thereon, and 

no objections appearing thereto, — it is 

Ordered^ That the Board, under the provisions of chapter 312 of 

the Acts of 1892, hereby consents to the change of grade of the said 

railroad in said city of Newton, as set forth in the report of the said 

special commission and shown on the plan and profile submitted 

therewith, to which report an attested copy of this order is appended. 

Attest: Wm. A. Crafts, 

Clerk, 
March 2, 1896. 

Change of Grade of Connecticut River Railroad^ in Hatfield. 

In the matter of the abolition of a certain grade crossing of a pub- 
lic way, in the town of Hatfield, by the Connecticut River Railroad 
(the Boston & Maine Railroad, lessee), as determined by a special 
commission appointed by the Superior Court, said special commission 
having decided that it is necessary for the convenience and security 
of the public that a change should be made in the grade of said rail- 
road, as set forth in their report, and application being made to this 
Board for its consent to said change of grade, as provided in chapter 
312 of the Acts of 1892, and all the parties in interest having con- 
sented to the same and requested that the application be granted 
without further notice, — it is 

Ordered^ That the Board hereby consents to a change of grade of 
the Connecticut River Railroad, in the town of Hatfield, as described 
in the report of said special commission and shown on the plan and 
profile therewith submitted, to which report an attested copy of this 
order is appended. Attest : Wm. A. Crafts, 

Clerk. 
Mabch 24, 1896. 

Change of Grade of Boston & Maine Railroad^ in Beverly, 

In the matter of the application of Henry S. Milton and others, 
special commissioners appointed by the Superior Court on the aboli- 
tion of the grade crossings of certain public ways in the city of 
Beverly by the tracks of the Boston & Maine Railroad, all interested 
parties having had notice, and having consented or not desiring to be 
heard, — it is 

Ordered^ That the Board, pursuant to the provisions of chapter 
312 of the Acts of the year 1892, hereby consents to a change of the 
grade of the tracks of the Boston & Maine Railroad by raising the 
same in said city, as follows : At station 967, three and one-fourth 
feet; at station 981, four and one-half feet; between stations 967 



166 APPENDIX — RAILROAD ORDERS. [Jan. 

and 981 as so raised, a true grade shall be established; northerly 

from station 981, a grade of five-tenths of a foot per one hundred, 

until the new grade meets the present grade at a point near the 

northerly side of Bickford Street; southerly from station 967, a 

level grade, until the new grade meets the present grade at School 

Street, — as set forth in the decision of said commission, to which 

reference is to be had. 

Attest: Wm. A. Crafts, 

Clerk. 
Mat 20, 1896. 

Change of Grade of Providence <fc Worcester Railroad^ in Sutton and 

MiUhury. 

In the matter of the abolition of the crossing of the Providence & 
Worcester Railroad, now operated by the New York, New Haven & 
Hartford Railroad Company, in the town of Sutton, known as the 
Yellow House crossing, and the crossing of said railroad in the town 
of Millbury, known as Daniels' Crossing, as determined by the special 
commission appointed by the Superior Court, said commission having 
determined that there shall be a change of the grade of said railroad, 
and all interested parties having had notice and consenting or not 
desiring to be heard, — it is 

Ordered^ That the Board, pursuant to the provisions of chapter 
312 of the Acts of the year 1892, hereby consents to a change of the 
grade of the tracks of the Providence & Worcester Railroad as 
determined by the special commission above named and specified in 
the report of said commission, to which reference is to be had. 

Attest : Wm. A. Crafts, 

Clerk, 
Mat 27, 1896. 

Change of Ghrade of Boston & Albany Railroad^ in Wes{/ield, 

In the matter of the petition of the selectmen of Westfield, rela- 
tive to the decision of Charles E. Hibbard and others, special com- 
missioners appointed by the ^Superior Court on the abolition of the 
grade crossings of North Elm Street, in the town of Westfield, by 
the tracks of the Boston & Albany Railroad, and of the Northampton 
Division of the New York, New Haven & Hartford Railroad, — all 
interested parties having been notified and having consented in writ- 
ing, or not desiriug to be heard, — it is 

Ordered^ That the Board, pursuant to the provisions of chapter 
312 of the Acts of 1892, hereby consents to a change of the grade of 
the tracks of the said Boston & Albany and New York, New Haven 
& Hartford railroads, in said town of Westfield, by raising the same 



1897.] CROSSINGS. 167 

at the new location of said North Elm Street, as established by said 
commission, to the height and in the manner set forth in the final de- 
cision of said commission, to which a copy of this order is appended. 

Attest: Wm. A. Crafts, 

Clerk. 
Mat 27, 1896. 



Cost of Abolishing Grade Crossings. 

N^ Tork^ New Haven & Hartford RaUroad with Public Ways in 

SouthboTough. 

In the matter of the alteration of certain grade crossings of the 
tracks of the New York, New Haven & Hartford Railroad with 
public ways in the town of Soathborough, as determined by the 
special commission appointed by the Superior Court, on the petitions 
severally of the selectmen of Southborough and the directors of the 
New York, New Haven & Hartford Railroad Company, estimates of 
the total cost of which alteration have been submitted to the Board 
and duly considered, — 

The Board hereby certifies that in its judgment the expenditure on 

the part of the Commonwealth under this and certificates previously 

issued, agreeably to section 11 of chapter 428 of the Acts of 1890, 

will not exceed the limit prescribed by said act. [Estimated cost, 

$20,580.] Attest : Wm. A. Crafts, 

Clerk. 
Februabt 12, 1896. 

Similar certificates have been granted as follows : — 

February 28, 1896, Boston & Maine Railroad, with Summer Street, 
in Manchester. Estimated cost, $38,000. 

March 2, 1896, Boston & Albany Railroad, with St. James Street 
and other streets in Newton. Estimated cost, $1,523,000. 

March 24, 1896, Connecticut River Railroad, with a public way in 
Hatfield. Estimated cost, $9,950. 

May 20, 1896, Boston & Maine Railroad, with Railroad Avenue 
and Federal Street, in Beverly. Estimated cost, $49,450. 

May 27, 1896, Providence & Worcester Railroad, with highways in 
Sutton and Millbury. Estimated cost, $24,090. 

June 2, 1896, Boston & Albany Railroad, with North Elm Street, 
in Westfield. Estimated cost, $46,000. 

December 26, 1896, Boston & Albany Railroad, with South Street, 
in Warren. Estimated cost, $29,000. 



168 APPENDIX — RAILROAD ORDERS. [Jed. 

Alteration of Grobsings with Highwats. 

Boston & Albany BaUroad with Spring Street^ in Natick. 

In the matter of the alteration of the crossing of Spring Street, a 
public way in the town of Natick, with the tracks of the Boston & 
Albany Railroad Company, as prescribed by the county com- 
missioners of Middlesex County by their decree dated March 24, 
1896, the Board designates George W. Bishop, one of its members, 
for appointment by the Superior Court as one of the special commission 
provided for in section 132 of chapter 112 of the Public Statutes, to 
determine the questions set forth in section 131 of said chapter 112 
and chapter 295 of the Acts of 1887, as applied to the alteration 
prescribed as aforesaid. Attest : Wm. A. Crafts, 

Clerk. 
Mat 1, 1886. 

Boston & Albany BaUroad with Main Street^ in Springfield. 

In the matter of the alteration or repair of the bridge carrying 
the Boston & Albany Railroad over Main Street in the city of 
Springfield, the Board hereby designates George W. Bishop, one 
of its members, for appointment as one of the special commission 
provided for in section 132 of chapter 112 of the Public Statutes, 
to determine the questions set forth in section 131 of said chapter 112 
and chapter 295 of the Acts of 1887, as applied to the alteration 
above named. Attest : Wm. A. Crafts, 

Clerk, 
Mat 22, 1896. 

New England and Providence & Worcester BaUrogds with St. Paul 

Street J in Blackstone. 

In the matter of the appeal of the New England Railroad Company 
to this Board, under chapter 135 of the Acts of 1882, from a decision 
of the county commissioners of the county of Worcester in a proceed- 
ing arising under section 129 of chapter 112 of the Public Statutes, 
as hereinafter more fully set forth, — 

It appearing, after due notice to the parties in interest and a public 
hearing, which was held by written agreement of the parties at this 
office, and at which the appellant and the petitioners in said original 
proceeding appeared by their respective counsel and were fully heard, 
that the said county commissioners, at a meeting held on the third 
Tuesday of June, 1896, and by adjournment on July 14, 1896, upon 
the petition of the selectmen of the town of Blackstone, adjudged 
and decreed that it is necessary for the security and convenience of 
the public that an alteration should be made in the crossing of St. 



1897.] CROSSINGS. 169 

Paul Street, so called, a town way in said town of Blackstone^ with 
the railroad of said New England Railroad Company and with the 
railroad of the Providence & Worcester Railroad Company, now 
leased to and operated by the New York, New Haven & Hartford 
Railroad Company, and prescribed the manner and limits within 
which such alteration* should be made, as more fully set forth in the 
copy of the record of the proceedings of said county commissioners 
which is on file in this office and may be referred to, and thereupon 
certified their said decision to the parties and to this Board ; and 

It further appearing that the said New England Railroad Company, 
being aggrieved by said decision, appealed therefrom to this Board, 
and perfected its appeal by filing with said county commissioners a 
notice of such appeal, and by thereafter filing with the clerk of this 
Board a petition setting forth the reasons of appeal ; 

Now, after hearing the parties as aforesaid, and upon considera- 
tion, — it is 

Adjudged and ordered. That it is necessary for the security and 
convenience of the public that certain of the alterations prayed for 
in the petition of the said selectmen should be made in the aforesaid 
crossing of said town way with said railroads, — namely : 

1. The said St. Paul Street should be widened on the northerly 
side thereof ; and 

2. The northerly abutment of the overhead bridge of the New 
England Railroad Company, and the retaining wall adjacent thereto, 
as also that adjacent to the northerly abutment of the overhead bridge 
of the Providence & Worcester Railroad Company, should be set 
back, and the first-mentioned bridge should be lengthened, so as to 
conform to the widening of said street. 

The manner and limits within which said alterations shall be made 
are prescribed as follows : — 

The southerly line of St. Paul Street at said crossing, and the 
position of the southerly abutments of said railroad bridges on said 
line, are to remain unchanged. The widening of said street on the 
northerly side thereof shall begin at the easterly end of the alteration 
therein made pursuant to a decree of said county commissioners at 
their December meeting, 1888, held by adjournment January 29, 
1889, to wit, at the point or angle where the northerly abutment of 
the Providence & Worcester Railroad bridge meets the retaining 
wall, making nearly a right angle therewith ; and the northerly line 
of said street as widened shall run easterly from said point or angle, 
parallel with the centre line of said street, to a point in the wall on 
the westerly side of Canal Street, 33 feet distant northerly from the 
southerly abutment of the said New England Railroad bridge, measur- 
ing at right angles to said abutment. 



170 



APPENDIX — RAILROAD ORDERS. 



[Jan. 



The northerly abutment of said last-mentioned bridge, and the 
retaining walls on the northerly side of said street, shall be moved 
back northerly so as to conform to the northerly line of said street 
as so widened ; and said bridge shall be reconstructed so as to cross 
said widened street with one span, at a height of not less than 13 
feet above the crown of the street ; and the grade of the street as so 
widened at said crossing shall conform to the grade prescribed by 
said county commissioners in their decree last above mentioned. 

Attest : Wm. A. Crafts, 

Clerk. 
OcTOBBS 22, 1896. 



Construction of Railroads and Public Wats at Grade. 

New York^ New Haven <fc Hartford Railroad with Main Street^ in 

HuU. 

On the application of the Nantasket Steamboat Company, — 
The Board of Railroad Commissioners hereby consents to the lay- 
ing and operating of a temporary track by the New York, New Haven 
& Hartford Railroad Company at grade across the public way known 
as Main Street in the town of Hull, for the purpose of transporting 
material for the construction of a wharf by said steamboat company, 
on the conditions and for the time authorized by the selectmen of said 
town by their order dated November 30, 1895. 

Attest: Wm. A. Crafts, 

Clerk. 
January 30, 1896. 



PiUsfield & North Adams Railroad with Murray Street^ in Adams. 

In the matter of the petition of the selectmen of the town of 
Adams for the consent of the Board, under section 125 of chapter 112 
of the Public Statutes, to the laying out of a public way, known as 
Murray Street, across the location and tracks of the Pittsfield & 
North Adams Railroad (now leased to and operated by the Boston & 
Albany Railroad Company) in said town of Adams, at a level with 
the said railroad, — 

It appearing to the Board, after public notice and hearing, and 
after viewing the premises, that the public necessity does not require 
and justify the laying out of said public way at grade across said 
railroad, in addition to the other public ways in said town which now 
cross the same at grade, — it is 

Ordered^ That the Board do not consent to the laying out of said 

Murray Street at a level with said railroad, as prayed for. 

Attest: Wm. A. Crafts, 

Clerk. 
July 27, 1896. 



1897.] CROSSINGS. 171 

Q^incy Quarry Railroad with Quarry Street^ in Quincy. 

In the matter of the application of the Quincy Quarry Company 
for the consent of the Board to the laying out and construction of its 
railroad across Quarry Street, a public way in the city of Quincy, at 
the same level therewith, — 

It appearing, after public notice and hearing, at which no one ap- 
peared to object, that the county commissioners of the county of 
Norfolk, by their decree of March 26, 1896, have adjudged that the 
public convenience and necessity require the crossing of said street 
by said railroad at the same level therewith ; and that the mayor and 
council of said city of Quincy have also consented to and authorized 
the same by an order passed March 23, 1896, as required by chapter 
189 of the Acts of 1895 ; and no sufficient objection thereto now ap- 
pearing, — it is 

Ordered J That the Board consent to the laying out and construc- 
tion of the railroad of the said Quincy Quarry Company across said 
Quarry Street, at the same level therewith, at a point between sta- 
tions 54 and 55 on the plan o( location of said railroad made by H. 
T. Whitman and E. W. Branch, civil engineers, dated January, 
1896 ; also at a point on the spur or side track No. 5, as shown on 
said plan : subject^ however j to such regulations in regard to the rate 
of speed run, and the time and manner of usmg said railroad, upon 
and over said crossings, as may from time to time be imposed under 
said chapter 189 of the Acts of 1895, and under any other laws which 
are or may be applicable thereto. 

Attest: Wm. A. Crafts, 

Clerk. 
Sbptbmbbr 21, 1896. 



Boston & Maine Bailroad with WiUow Street^ in Hamilton. 

In the matter of the petition of the selectmen and other legal vot- 
ers of the town of Hamilton, praying for the consent of the Board, 
under section 125 of chapter 112 of the Public Statutes, to the laying 
oat in said town of a public way, known or to be known as Willow 
Street, across the Asbnry Grove Branch (so called) of the Boston & 
Maine Railroad, at the same level with said branch, — 

It appearing to the Board, after public notice and hearings, at 
which the petitioners and said railroad corporation appeared by their 
respective counsel and were fully heard, that the county commis- 
sioners of the county of Essex, by their decree dated July 23, 1896, 
have adjudged that the public convenience and necessity require 
that said Willow Street be laid out as a town way across said branch 



172 APPENDIX — RAILROAD ORDERS. [Jan. 

railroad at a level therewith ; that said braocb is used as a liae for 
ordinarj railroad traDsportation during only a few weeks of each 
year, and dariog the rest of the year is Qsed mainly for the sbifting 
and storage of freight cars ; that said proposed street will afford not 
only a shorter and more convenieDt route for a ooDsiderable amount 
of public travel, bat will also enable the avoidance by such travel of 
two dangerous grade crossings of the main line of said railroad with 
Main and Asbury streets in said town ; and that, until said last- 
mentioned grade crossings shall have been eliminated, the public coo- 
venience and necessity may reasonably require the laying out and 
maintenance of said Willow Street across the said branch railroad at 
a level therewith, — it is 

Ordered, That the Board consent to the laying out and construc- 
tioD of said Willow Street as a town way over and upon the said 
Asbury G-rove Branch, at the same level therewith, in the location 
described in the aforesaid decree of aaid county oommiasioners ; but 
upon the following express condition and limitation : — 

That said Willow Street shall not be maintained and continued aa 
a town or public way across said branch railroad, at a level there* 
with, after the aforesaid grade crossings of Main and Asbury streets 
with the main tine of said Boston & Maine Railroad shall have been 
separated or abolished ; and in no event shall be so maintained and 
continued after the expiration of the term of five years from the date 
of this order, nntess the further consent of this Board or other law< 
(nl authority shall have been first duly obtained therefor. 

Attest: Wm. A. Crafw, 

Clerk. 
Seftzmbbr 22, 1896. 



Old Colony Railroad with Centre Street, in Botton. 

Id the matter of the petition of the street commissioners of the city 
of Boston, praying for the conaent of the Board, nnder section 125 
of chapter 112 of the Public Ststntee, to the widening, in the Dor- 
chester district of said city, of a public way, known as Centre Street, 
across the railroad of the Old Colony Railroad Company at the same 
level therewith, — 

It appearing to the Board, after notice and hearing, that the safety 
of the public at said crossing will not be prejudiced by the widening 
of said street (as proposed) from about 31.4 feet to 45 feet in width, — 
it is 

Ordered, That the Board consent to the widening of said stt^et 
across said railroad at the same level therewith, at the place and ia 
the manner aforesaid; but upon the condition, as agreed by the 
patties, that the city of Boston shall pay the first cost of recon- 



1897.] CROSSINGS. 173 

Btructing the gates and planking the railroad at said crossing, so far 
as may be required by the increased width of said street. 

Attest : Wh. a. Cbafts, 

CUrk. 
October 8, 1896. 



Grade Grossinos bt Railroad Tracks for Private Use. 

On Petition of Hamilton Manufacturing Company^ across Jackson 

Street^ in Lowell. 

In the matter of the petition of the Hamilton Manufacturing Com« 
pany, of Lowell, after public notice and hearing, and no objection 
appearing thereto, — it is 

Ordered^ That the Board hereby consents to the construction by 
the petitioner of a railroad track for private use in the transportation 
of freight, to be operated by steam power, across Jackson Street in 
the city of Lowell, at the same level with said street, as authorized 
by the mayor and aldermen of said city of Lowell, and adjudged by 
the county commissioners of Middlesex County to be required by 
public necessity ; the said track to connect with a track of the Boston 
& Lowell Railroad, and to be located and constructed at the place 
and in the manner set forth in the decree of said county com- 
missioners, dated February 29, 1896, and shown by a plan on file in 
this office : provided^ that a flagman shall display a flag by day and 
a lantern by night whenever an engine, car or train approaches and 
passes over said crossing, and that no engine, car or train shall cross 
said street at a greater speed than four miles an hour. 

Attest : Wu. A. Crafts, 

Clerk, 

Apbil 27, 1896. 

On Petition of Boston Ice Company^ across Mohawk Street, in Sharon. 

In the matter of the petition of the Boston Ice Company, after 
public notice and hearing, and no objection appearing thereto, — it is 

Ordered, That the Board hereby consents to the construction by 
the petitioner of a railroad track for private use in the transportation 
of freight, to be operated by steam power, across a public street 
or way now or formerly known as Mohawk Street, in the town of 
Sharon, at the same level with said street, as consented to by the 
selectmen of said town of Sharon, and adjudged by the county com- 
missioners of Norfolk County to be required by public necessity ; the 
said track to connect with a track of the Boston & Providence Rail- 
road, and to be located and constructed at the place and in the 
manner set forth in the decree of said county commissioners, dated 
April 14, 1896, and shown by a plan on file in this office : provided^ 



174 APPENDIX— RAILROAD OEDEEtS. [Jan. 

that a flagman sbnll display a flag by day and a lantern by nigbt 
whenever an engine, car or train approaches and paaacB over aaid 
crossing, and that no engine, car or train ehall cross said street at a 
greater speed than four miles an hour. 

Attest: Wh. A. Crafts, 

CUrk. 
ApatL 2S, 1806. 

On Petition of Hamiiton Manufacturing Company, across Jackson 
Street, in Lowell. 

In Uie matter of the petition of the Hamilton Manufacturing Com- 
pany, of Lowell, for the consent of the Board, under section 118 of 
chapter 112 of the Public Statutes, to the construction by said com- 
pany of a railroad track for its private use in the transportation of 
freight across the track of the Lowell & Andover Railroad at the 
same level therewith, on Jackson Street, in said city of Lowell, — 

It appearing that the Board, by its order of April 27, 1896, upon 
the facts and under the conditions in said order set forth, consented 
to the construction by the petitioner of the said private tracic across 
said Jackson Street at grade, and that said track must of necessity 
also cross at grade the said track of the Lowell & Andover Railroad 
now lawfully laid at grade along said street, and the lessee of said 
railroad, to wit, the Boston & Maine Railroad, consenting thereto, 
and no objection appearing thereto in the public interest, — it is 

Ordered, That the Board consent to the construction by the peti- 
tioner of its said private track across the track of the Lowell & An- 
dover Uailroad at the place and in the manner aforesaid. 

Attest: Wh. A. CRArra, 

CUrk. 

Hat 26, 18M. 

Ob Paition of Saxonville Mills, across Beacon Streety in Framingham. 

In the matter of the petition of the Saxonville Mills, a corporation 
duly established by law, for the consent of the Board to a crossing of 
Beacon Street in the town of Framingham by a railroad track for 
private use in the transportation of freight, at the same level with 
said street, — 

It appearing that the Saxonville Mills has heretofore had a railroad 
track across said street leading into the yard of said company, and 
that it is proposed to change the location of said track to a point 
about ninety-five feet south of the present location ; that the select- 
men of the town of Framingham have by their vote of August 27, 
1696, duly authorized the said change of location, and that the county 
commissioners of Middlesex County have by their decree dated Sep- 
tember 12. 1896, adjudged that public necessity requires said cross- 
ing at grade, — it is 



1897.] CROSSINGS. 175 

Orderedj That the Board hereby consentB to the construction of a 
railroad track for private use by the Saxonville Mills, across Beacon 
Street in the town of Framingham, at a level therewith, as adjudged 
by the county commissioners of Middlesex County to be required by 
public necessity, and authorized by the selectmen of said town : pro- 
vided^ however^ that a flagman shall display a flag by day and a lan- 
tern by night whenever an engine, car or train approaches and passes 
over said crossing, and that no engine, car or train shall pass over 
the same at a greater speed than four miles an hour. 

Attest: Wm. A. Crafts, 

Clerk, 
October 1, 1896. _^ 

Intbrlockiko Signals. 

At Orade Crossing of Boston & Albany and New England Railroads^ 

in Worcester. 

In the matter of the application of the Boston & Albany Railroad 
Company for approval by the Board of the system of interlocking 
signals established by said company at the grade crossing of its rail- 
road with the New England railroad at South Worcester, to be main- 
tained at its own expense, — 

After an examination thereof, and the New England Railroad 
Company having, after notice, waived a hearing, — it is 

Ordered^ That the said interlocking system, as shown by the 
diagram on file with the petition in this otfice, is hereby authorized 
and approved. Attest : Wm. A. Crafts, 

CUrk. 
Fbbsuabt 12, 1896. 

At Grade Crossing of Boston Jb Maine and Fitchhurg Railroads^ in 

Worcester, 

In the matter of the application of the Boston & Maine Railroad 
for approval by the Board of the system of interlocking signals estab- 
lished by said company and the Fitchburg Railroad Company at the 
grade crossing of their railroads, known as Barber's Crossing, in 
Worcester, the same to be established, maintained and operated at 
their Joint expense, — 

After due notice and hearing of the parties as fully as they desired 
to be heard, and after an examination of the system as constructed, 
and of the joint order and special rules adopted for the operation 
thereof, — it is 

Ordered^ That the said interlocking system is hereby authorized 
and approved. Attest: Wm. A. Crafts, 

Clerk. 

FSBBITABT 20, 1896. 



APPENDIX — RAILROAD ORDERS. [Jan. 



At Grade Croating of Boston & Maine and FUchburg SailroadB, te 
Worcetter. 
On the application of the Boston & Maine Railroad, — it is 
Ordered, That the eyatem of interlocking §witcbes and signals es- 
tablished b; the Boston & Maine Railroad and the Fitchbnrg Bail- 
road Company at the crossii^ of their railroads at Barber's Croasingt 
in Worcester, and the rnlea preacribed by said companies for the op- 
eration of said aignala and goTernment of trains thereby, be and 
they are hereby approved. 

Attest: Wh. A. Cbafts, 

CUrk. 
June 26, 1896. 



Whistling .FOR Grade Crossinqs. 

On the Boston & Maine Railroad, in Reading. 

On the petition of citizens of Reading, after notice and a pnblie 

hearing, at which the Boston & Maine Railroad appeared and was 

heard, — it ia 

Ordered, That the whistling of locomotives, as a crossing signal, 
on the Boeton & Maine Railroad between Ash and Woburn streets 
in the town of Reading, is hereby prohibited : provided, however, 
that the whistle shall be sounded for the crossings of aaid atreets, and 
of the intervening (Main and Washington) streets, if, when the en- 
gineer comes in view of the same, he is unable to see that the gates 
are closed or closing or that a flag or lantern is displayed, or if for 
any reason he deems that there is special occasion for wbistliog. 
This order shall remain in force until otherwise ordered by the Board. 
Attest: Wm. a. CRiFTS, 

Cltrk. 
Septbvbbb 23, 1S96. 

On (Ae New England Railroad, in Souihbridge. 

In the matter of the petition of Wm. C. Barnes and otliers, 
residents of Southbridge, praying that the whistling of locomotives 
on the Southbridge Branch of the New England Railroad ae a croeaing 
signal for the grade crossings of Foster Street, Central Street and 
Hook Street in said town by said railroad, may be prohibited, — 

After notice to the New England Railroad Company, and a bearing, 
it appearing that aaid croseii^ are but a short distance apart, and 
that each one is protected by gates, — it ia 

Ordered, That the whistling of locomotives on the Southbridge 
Branch of the New England Railroad as a crossing sigual for the 
oroesings of Foster Street, Central Street and Hpok Street in the 



1897.] HEIGHT OF BRIDGES. 177 

town of Southbridge, is hereby prohibited : provided^ however^ that 
the whistle shall be sounded for said crossings if, when the engineer 
comes within view of the nearest one, he is anable to see that the 
gates are closed or closing or that a flag or lantern is displayed, or if 
for any reason he deems that there is special occasion for whistling. 
This order shall remain in force nntil otherwise ordered by the 
Boai-d. Attest : Wm. A. Crafts, 

Clerk. 
OcTOBBR 28, 1896. 



HEIGHT OF BRIDGES OVER RAILROADS. 



Bridges over Boston & Albany Railroad^ at Howe Street and fifteen 

other streets^ in Newton. 

In the matter of the joint petition of the city of Newton and the 
Boston & Albany Railroad Company for the consent of the Board to 
the construction of certain highway bridges over said railroad in said 
city at a height of less than eighteen feet above the railroad tracks, — 

It appearing that all parties interested have had notice, and no 
objection being made or appearing thereto, — it is 

Ordered^ That the Board hereby consents that the several overhead 
highway bridges by which the following streets and public ways, 
namely, Rowe Street (to be called Commonwealth Avenue) , Washing- 
ton Street (in that part of said Newton known as West Newton), 
Putnam Street, Highland Street, Chestnut Street, Greenwood Avenue 
(to be called Felton Street), Allston Street (to be called Mt. Vernon 
Street), Appleton Street, Walnut Street, Harvard Street, Lewis 
Terrace, Church Street, Richardson Street, Channing Avenue (to be 
called Centre Place), Centre Street, and Washington Street (in that 
part of said Newton known as Newton), shall cross said railroad in 
said city of Newton, after the abolition of the present grade crossings, 
may be constructed at a clear height of not less than sixteen feet 
above the tracks of said railroad. 

Attest : Wm. A. Crafts, 

Clerk. 
Habch 2, 1896. 

Temporary Bridges over Boston & Providence Railroad, in Boston. 

On the application of the New York, New Haven & Hartford Rail- 
road Company, — it is 

Ordered, That an order of this Board dated April 8, 1895, 
anthorizing the construction of temporary bridges over the Boston & 



178 



APPENDIX — RAILROAD ORDERS. 



[Jan. 



Providence Railroad at a height of fifteen feet above the tracks, be 

so far modified that, in the place of abridge at Jamaica Plain station, 

one may be constructed at the entrance to the Jamaica Plain freight 

yard, at Forest Hills, at a clear height of not less than fifteen feet 

above the tracks. 

Attest: Wm. A. Crafts, 

Clerk. 
Apkil 2, 1896. 

Bridge over Boston & Albany Railroad^ at Spring Street^ in Natick, 

On the joint petition of the Boston & Albany Railroad Company 
and the selectmen of Natick for the consent of the Board to the con- 
struction of a bridge to carry Spring Street in said town of Natick 
over said railroad at a height of less than eighteen feet above the 
tracks, — 

It appearing that the Board heretofore, to wit. May 15, 1895, 
gave its consent to the construction of certain bridges, including said 
Spring Street bridge, over the Boston & Albany Railroad at a height 
not less than 16 feet above the tracks, since which date the county 
commissioners of Middlesex County, by their decree dated March 24, 
1896, have decided that a change in the location of said Spring Street 
about fifty-one feet easterly of its former location is necessary, and 
have prescribed the manner and limits within which such alteration 
shall be made, — it is 

Ordered^ That the Board hereby consents to the construction of the 

bridge for carrying Spring Street iu the town of Natick over the 

Boston & Albany Railroad, at a clear height of not less than sixteen 

feet above the tracks. 

Attest; Wm. A. Crafts, 

Clerk, 
April 21, 1896. 



Bridge over Fitchburg Railroad^ at Washington Street, in SoTnervUU. 

In the matter of the application of the Fitchbnrg Railroad Com- 
pany relative to the lengthening of the highway bridge over its 
railroad at Washington Street, in the. city of Somervllle, in order to 
admit of more railroad tracks, — it is 

Ordered, That the Board consent to the construction of the said 
lengthened bridge at a height above the railroad tracks not less in 
any part thereof than that of the existing bridge, — to wit, not lees 
than fifteen feet in the clear above the highest rail in said tracks. 

Attest: Wm. A. Crafts, 

Clerk, 
Mat 26, 1896. 



1897.] HEIGHT OF BRIDGES. 179 



Bridges over Boston, Revere Beach & Lynn Railroad, in Revere, 

lo the matter of the petition of the Boston, Revere Beach <& 
Lynn Railroad Company for the consent of the Board, under section 
120 of chapter 112 of the Pablic Statutes, to the construction of cer- 
tain bridges over the railroad of said company, in the town of Re- 
vere, at a height of less than eighteen feet above the tracks of said 
railroad, — 

It appearing that all parties in interest have had notice of said pe- 
tition and have approved the same, and no valid and sufficient ob- 
jection appearing thereto, — it is 

Ordered, That the Board consent to the construction of a bridge 
of the Lynn & Boston Railroad Company, and of highway bridges at 
Shirley Avenue and Beach Street, over the railroad of the petitioner, 
at a height respectively of not less than fourteen feet and six inches 
in the clear above the tracks thereof ; and of a highway bridge at 
Revere Street, and a bridge for a private way at Oak Island, at a 
height respectively of not less than fifteen feet in the clear above said 
tracks. All of said bridges are located in the town of Revere. 

Attest: Wm. J.'McCullough, . 

Assistant Clerk, 
JuLT 29, 1896. 



180 



APPENDIX — RAILROAD ORDERS. 



[Jan. 



HEATING OF PASSENGER CARS. 



On the New Tork^ New Haven A Hartford Railroad. 

On the application of the New York, New Haven & Hartford Rail- 
road Company for exemption from the requirements of law in relation 
to the heating of its passenger cars on certain trains, — 

It appearing that snch exemption on mixed trains is necessary and 
reasonable, — it is 

Ordered^ That the New York, New Haven & Hartford Railroad 
Company is hereby exempted from the requirements of chapter 249 
of the Acts of 1891 in relation to heating passenger cars, so far as 
concerns the passenger cars on the following mixed trains, viz. : — 
Train 1806 leaving Fall River 9.48 a.m. 

" arriving at Fox Point 11.05 a.m. 
Train 1837 leaving Fox Point 2.55 p.m. 

" arriving at Fall River 4.12 p.m. 
Train 2101 leaving Yarmouth 3.25 a.m. 

" arriving Province town 8.00 a.m. 
Train 2122 leaving Provincetown 6.00 p.m. 
'^ arriving at Yarmouth 10.35 p.m. 
Train 2179 leaving Harwich 10.18 am. 

*^ arriving at Chatham 10.45 a.m. 
Train 2180 leaving Chatham 3.15 p.m. 

" arriving at Harwich 3.42 p.m. 
Extra Freight leaving Taunton for Middleboro' 6.15 a.m. : 
provided^ that said cars shall be heated by some heater heretofore 
approved by the Board, and that in no case shall a common stove 
be nsed. Attest : Wm. A. Crafts, 

Clerk, 

KOYBMBBB 12, 1896. 



1897.] SUNDAY TRAINS. 181 



SUNDAY TRAINS AND BOATS. 



Regular Sunday Trains on the Old Colony System of the New TorJc^ 

New Haven & Hartford Railroad. 

On tbe application of the general superintendent of the Old Colony 
System of the New York, New Haven & Hartford Railroad, — it is 

Ordered^ That the Board authorize the running by the New York, 
New Haven & Hartford Railroad Company, on the several divisions 
of the said Old Colony System, within the limits of this Common- 
wealth, on the Lord's day, during the year 1896, of the regular pas- 
senger trains indicated by blue pencil marks on the time table of said 
Old Colony System, No. 24, which takes effect at 12.01 a.m. June 14, 
1896, and also specified in schedules of the numbers of said trains 
(by divisions and pages) attached to said time table ; which table and 
schedules are on file in this oflSce and are made a part of this order. 

Also the running as aforesaid, by the New Bedford, Martha's Vine- 
yard & Nantucket Steamboat Company, of one regular steamboat 
each way between New Bedford and the islands of Martha's Vineyard 
and Nantucket, scheduled to leave New Bedford at 9.00 a.m. and 
Nantucket at 2.00 p.m., and stopping at Wood's HoU going and 
returning. 

But upon the following express conditions, viz. : — 

1. That no one of said trains or boats shall be run in whole or in 
part as a special or excursion train or boat. 

2. That the fares charged or collected on said trains and boats 
shall in no case be less than the fares charged on regular week-day 
trains and boats between the same stations or points on the lines of 
said railroad and on said steamboat lines, whether the tickets and 
fares be local or joint. 

3. That no intoxicating liquor shall be sold or furnished by said 
steamboat company, or shall be allowed to be sold or furnished by 
any person, on said boats on the Lord's day. 

Ordered^ That all votes or orders heretofore passed by the Board 
authorizing the rtinning of trains or steamboats on the Lord's day, 
on any of the lines of the said railroad or steamboat company, are 
hereby revoked. Attest : Wm. A. Crafts, 

Clerk, 
JuNB 13, 1896. 



182 



APPENDIX — RAILKO AD ORDERS. 



[Jan. 



Regular Sundays Trains on the Pitts^field and North Adams Branch of 

the Boston & Albany Railroad. 

On the application of the general manager of the Boston & Albany 
Railroad Company, — it is 

Orderedj That the Board authorize the running by the Boston & 
Albany Railroad Company, on the Lord's day, on the Pittsfield and 
North Adams Branch of said company's railroad, until further notice, 
of the regular trains leaving North Adams at 9.25 a.m., 1.55 p.m. 
and 6.00 p.m., and leaving Pittsfield at 10.40 a.m., 3.00 p.m. and 
7.00 P.M. ; but upon the following express conditions, viz. : — 

1 . That no one of said trains shall be run in whole or in part as 
a special or excursion train. 

2. That the local or joint fares charged or collected on said trains 
shall in no case be less than the local or joint fares charged on regu- 
lar week-day trains between the same stations or points on the lines 
of said railroad, including any connecting railroad. 

Attest: Wm. A. Crafts, 

Clerk. 
June 26, 1896. 

By similar orders, schedules of regular Sunday trains, deemed by 
the Board to be necessary for the public accommodation, have been 
authorized on the Boston & Maine and the New England railroads. 



Sunday Steamboats to and from Fall River. 

In the matter of the several petitions of the Providence, Fall River 
& Newport Steamboat Company, and the People's Steamboat Com- 
pany, for authority to run certain steamboat lines to and from the 
city of Fall River on the Lord's day, — 

The said petitions, after public notice, having been heard together 
on June 9, 16, 30, and July 13, 1896, and the petitioners, and all 
other parties desiring to be heard for or against the said petitions, 
having been fully heard by counsel or in person, and their several 
allegations, evidence and arguments having been duly considered by 
the Board in the light of the provisions of the statutes made and pro- 
vided for such cases ; and 

It appearing, with respect to the first of said petitions, that the 
Providence, Fall River & Newport Steamboat Company and its pred- 
ecessors have for many years maintained a regular week-day steam- 
boat line and service for the necessary transportation of persons and 
merchandise between said city of Fall River and the city of Providence 
in the State of Rhode Island, stopping in transit at Bristol and Bristol 
Ferry in said State ; and that the public necessity and convenience 



1897.] SUNDAY STEAMBOATS. 183 

may now also reasonably require some such regular service for neces- 
sary transportation between said cities on the Lord's day, — it is 

Ordered^ Tliat the Board authorize, until otherwise ordered, the 
running by the said Providence, Fall River & Newport Steamboat 
Company, on the Lord's day, of regular steamboats between said 
cities of Fall River and Providence, as follows : One such boat may 
be run each way between said cities in the forenoon, and one in the 
afternoon ; but upon the following express conditions, viz. : — 

1. No one of the said steamboats shall be run in whole or in part 
as a special or excursion boat, or on other than its regular route 
between said cities, stopping or touching only at Bristol and Bristol 
Ferry as aforesaid. 

2. The fares and ticket rates charged or collected for transporta- 
tion on said boats shall in no case be less than the regular week-day 
fares and rates charged or collected by said company for transporta- 
tion between the same points on the line or route aforesaid. 

3. No spirituous or intoxicating liquor shall be sold or furnished 
by said company, or shall be allowed to be sold or furnished by any 
person, on said boats on the Lord's day. 

4. The authority hereby given may be revoked at any time in the 
discretion of the Board, after notice and hearing, for cause shown. 

It also appearing, with respect to the second of the above petitions, 
that the said People's Steamboat Company does not maintain a steam- 
boat line or service for the regular and necessary transportation of 
persons or merchandise, but runs a steamboat only in the summer 
season for the special accommodation of pleasure and excursion 
travel ; and it not appearing to the Board that, within the mean- 
ing and intent of the statutes aforesaid, ^'the public necessity and 
convenience require, having regard to the due observance of the 
day," the running of such boat on the Lord's day ; and it not being 
shown or claimed that the same is to be run as a work of charity, — 
it is therefore 

Ordered, That the Board decline to grant the prayer of the said 

last mentioned petition. 

Attest: Wm. A. Crafts, 

Clerk, 
JuLT 16, 1896. 

Special Sunday Train for the Cypress Commandery of Knights 

Templars. 

On the application of the general superintendent of the New 
England Railroad, — it is 

Ordered y That the New England Railroad Company is hereby 
authorized to run a special train on Sunday, April 5, 1896, between 



184 APPENDIX — RAILROAD ORDERS. [Jan. 

the Norwood Central station and Boston, for the sole and ezclasive 
use of the Cypress Commandery of Knights Templars, resident in 
Hyde Park and Norwood, who desire to attend divine service at Music 
Hall in Boston ; said train to leave the Norwood Central station at 
one o'clock p.h., and returning to leave Boston between four and five 
o*clock P.M. Attest : Wm. A. Crafts, 

Clerk, 
Mabch 30, 1896. 

SpecM Sunday Train for Knights of Columbus, 

On application made to the Board, and with the assent of the 
Boston & Maine Railroad, — it is 

Ordered^ That said Boston & Maine Railroad be authorized to run 
on Sunday, November 15, 1896, a special train between Salem and 
Lawrence, to leave Salem about 12 m., and returning to leave 
Lawrence about 9 p.m., stopping both ways at Peabody and 
Danvers, for the sole accommodation of the Knights of Columbus, 
a charitable organization, and not as a public excursion train. 

Attest : Wm. A. Crafts, 

Clerk, 

KOYBMBBB 11, 1896. 

Several other special Sunday trains have been authorized by the 
Board, in the course of the last year, for what were deemed to be 
good and exceptional reasons. 



RAILROAD INSPECTORS. 



Appointment of Railroad Inspector. 

Ik Boabd of Railboad Commission bb8, September 25, 1896. 

Orderedj That Grafton Upton of Boston, Massachusetts, be, and 
he hereby is, under the provisions of chapter 535 of the Acts of 1894, 
appointed to be a Railroad Inspector, with the powers and duties in 
said statute set forth, to hold said office for a term commencing on 
the first day of October, 1896, and terminating on the first day of 
October, 1899, unless sooner removed for cause. 

By order of the Board, 

Attest: Wm. A. Crafts, 

Clerk, 



1897.] MISCELLANEOUS. 185 

Assignment of Inspbctiok Districts. 

In Boabd of Railboad Commzssionbbb, Febrnaiy 1, 1S96. 

Ordered^ That from and after February 1, 1896, and until further 
notice, there be assigned to Inspector Grafton Upton, for examina- 
tion under chapter 535 of the Acts of 1894, in accordance with the 
instructions heretofore given by the Board by its order of October 
10, 1894, all the lines of the Boston & Albany Railroad lying east of 
the easterly line of the County of Worcester. 

Attest: Wh. A. Crafts, 

Clerk. 



MISCELLANEOUS ORDERS, ETC. 



New Bedford and Fairbaybn Ferrt. 

In the matter of the petition of the Old Colony Railroad Company 
to prescribe such further time as may be necessary to enable said 
company properly to provide and to begin to operate a suitable ferry 
between the city of New Bedford and the town of Fairhaven, as re- 
quired by chapter 392 of the Acts of 1894, after public notice and 
hearing, — it is finally 

Ordered^ That the Board prescribe Friday, February 21, 1896, as 
the day and further time from and after the expiration of which the 
said Old Colony Railroad Company shall provide, maintain and op- 
erate the said ferry in accordance with the requirements of the act 
aforesaid. Attest: Wm. A. Crafts, 

Clerk. 
Fbbbuabt 20| 1896. 



Martha's Vineyard Railroad — Notice to the Public. 

The public is hereby notified that the Martha's Vineyard Railroad 
(a narrow-gauge^ railroad in the towns of Cottage City and Edgar- 
town) is not now in a condition approved by the Board, or for which 
the Board is to be held ofiScially responsible, as regards its safety for 
public travel. By order of the Board, 

Wm. a. Crafts, 

Ckrk. 
JuLT 13, 1896. 



186 APPENDIX — RAILROAD ORDERS. [Jan. 

Chester & Becket Railroad Compant. 

Certificate of Exigency. 

Od the appUcatioD of the directors of aa association for the forma- 

tioo of a railroad corporation b; the name of ttie Chester & Becket 

Railroad Company, after due notice and a public bearing, — 

The Board hereby certifies that in its opinion public convenience 
and necessity require the conetruction of a railroad from a point at 
or near the main line of the Boston & Albany Railroad in the town 
of Cheeter and connty of Hampden, to the quarries of the Hudson 
& Chester Granite Company in the town of Becket and county of 
Berkshire, on the line determined by agreement of said directors with 
the selectmen of eaid towns of Chester and Becket, respectively. 
Attest: Wm. A. Ckaits, 

Clerk. 



Relocation of Passenoer Station on Boston & Maine Railroad, 
is topsfield. 

Id Uie matter of the petition of the Boston & Maine Railroad for 
the approval by the Board, under section 157 of chapter 112 of the 
Public Statutes, of a relocation of the paasenger station in the town 
of Topaficid, known as Topsfield Station, on the Newburyport Branch 
of said railroad company, — 

It appearing, after public notice and hearing, at which no one 
appeared to object, that the proposed relocation has been approved 
in writing by the selectmen of said town of Topefieldj and that snch 
relocation would be for the greater convenience and security of tbe 
public, — it is 

Ordered, That the Board approve a change of the location of the 
said Topsfield passenger station from the westerly side of Main Street 
at the crossing of said street with said railroad, and the relocation of 
the same at a point on Park Street, on the northerly side of said rail- 
road, distaut 540 feet south-easterly from the old location, said point 
of relocation being midway between said Main Street and Summer 
Street; as shown on a plan filed with the petition, dated September, 
]fl94, which plan may be referred to for more particular description 
of the old and new locations. 

Attest: Wm. A. Crafts, 

Cfcrfc, 

D£ceNiiF.n U, 1B96. 



1897.] BICYCLE TARIFF. 187 



Bicycle Tariff — taking kffect October 1, 1896, and bcper- 

seding all tariffs of previous issue.* 

When ticket rate is $0.05 to 80.74 ; Charge for bicycle will be $0.10 



(« 


(( 


.75 




.99 


«i 




.15 


(( 


(t 


1.00 




1.49 


(( 




.20 


i( 


(( 


1.50 




1.99 


(( 




.25 


11 


i( 


2.00 




2.49 


it 




.30 


i( 


11 


2.50 




2.99 


(( 




.35 


(( 


(( 


3.00 




3.49 


(i 




.40 


i( 


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3.50 




3.99 


(t 




.45 


i( 


(( 


4.00 




4.49 


(i 




.50 


. a 


(( 


4.50 




4.99 


(C 




.55 


a 


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4( 




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5.99 


C( 




.65 


<( 


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10.00 


44 




1.00 



Lamps, cyclometers, tool bags and other attachments, should be 
removed before wheel is presented. If this is not done, owner must 
sign release for such articles before wheel is accepted for transporta- 
tion. Bicycles with more than one seat to be charged 50 per cent 
additional for each additional seat. 

G. M. HOUGHTON, G. P. A, Bangor & Aroostook B.B. 

D. J. FLANDERS, O, P, A, Boston & Maine B,B, 

O. H. TAYLOR, G, P, A, Fall Biver Line, 

F. E. BOOTH BY, G. P. A. Maine Central B.B. 

C. T. HEMPSTEAD, G. P. A.N.Y, N, H, & H. B i?., New 

Haven System. 
J. F. LISCOMB, GenH Agent Portland S.S. Co. 
A. 8. HANSON, G. P, A. Boston & Albany B.B, 
S. W. CUMMINGS, G, P, A. Central Venngnt B.B. 
J. R. WATSON, G, P. A. Fitchburg B.B. 
W. R. BABCOCK, G. P. A. New England B.B. 
A. C. KENDALL, G. P. A. N F., N. H. & H. B.B., Old Colony 

System. 
O. H. BRIGGS, G. P. A. Providence & Stonington S.S. Co. 

* See pages 11 to 17, ante. 



188 APPENDIX — RAILROADS. [ Jan, 



Approval op Warning-Boards on New York, New Haven & 

Hartford Railroad. 

On the application of C. H. Piatt, general superintendent of the 
New York, New Haven & Hartford Railroad, for approval of the 
form and style of warning-boards at grade crossings of said railroad 
with public ways in Massachusetts, — it is 

Ordered^ That the Board approve the form and style of warning- 
boards shown in a blue print filed with said application, dated July 
8, 1896, for use at the grade crossings with public ways, on the sev- 
eral lines of the New York, New Haven & Hartford Railroad Com- 
pany in this Commonwealth, which are protected by gates or flags. 

Attest: Wm. A. Crafts, « 

Clerk. 
August 1, 1891. 



Approval op Switch. 



On the application of the New York, New Haven & Hartford Rail- 
road Company, — it is 

Ofdered^ That the Ramapo split switch, as shown in a blue print 
submitted with said application, is hereby approved. 

Attest: Wm. A. Crafts, 

y Ckrlo. 

Apbil 30, 1896. 



1897.] 



TABULATION OF ACCIDENTS. 



189 



[D.] 



TABULATED STATEMENTS OF RAILROAD ACCl- 

DENTS. 



Train Accidgmts. 

Tabulated Statement of Railroad Train Accidents reported to the 
Board during tlie Tear ending June 30, 1896. 





1 
< 

sb; 


1 

PASSBKOnS. 


XMPLOTXKS. 


TOTAL. 


DESCRiPTroN or 

ACCIDENTS. 


i 

s 


t 

a 


• 


i 

a 


1 


• 
9 


Collisions: 
Head, .... 
Rear, .... 
At crossings. 
In yards, 


1 
11 

1 
2 


- 


6 
14 

7 


2 

1 


9 
3 

6 


2 
1 


6 

23 
10 

6 


Total Collisions,* . 


15; 


- 


27 


3 

1 


18 


3 


45 


Derailments: 
Passenger trains, . 
Freight trains. 


2 

4 

6 


2 


2 


1 


4 
3 


2 

1 


6 
3 


Total Derailments,! . 


2 


2 


1 


7 


3 


9 


Total Train Accidents, 


21 


2 


29 


4 


25 


6 


54 



• Not f Dclnding oolltsions of parts of separated trains, cansing no personal injury. 
t Not inclading derailments resulting in no injury to persons, nor derailments of 
parts of trains in fireight yards. 



190 



APPENDIX — RAILROADS. 



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TABULATION OF ACCIDENTS. 



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192 



APPENDIX — RAILROADS. 



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1897.] 



TABULATION OF ACCIDENTS. 



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APPENDIX — RAILROADS. 



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1897.] BOSTON SUBWAY. 195 



[E.] 



ORDERS RELATING TO STREET RAILWAYS. 



THE BOSTON SUBWAY.* 



Approval op Contract between the City op Boston and the 

West End Street Railway Company. 

Id the matter of the joint petition of the Boston Transit Commis^' 
Bion and the West End Street Railway Company for the approval by 
the Board, under the provisions of chapter 478 of the Acts of 1893 ; 
chapter 548 of the Acts of 1894; chapter 440 of the Acts of 1895 ; 
and chapter 492 of the Acts of 1896, of a contract, made on the sev- 
enth day of December, 1896, by and between the City of Boston, act- 
ing by the said Boston Transit Commission, and the West End Street 
Railway Company, in relation to the Subway in said City of Boston, 
for the construction of which provision is made in the aforesaid acts, 
an executed copy of which contract has been filed with said petition 
in the office of the Board, — now 

After public notice, and after hearing all parties and persons de- 
siring to be heard, and upon consideration of the subject-matter of 
said petition and contract, — it is 

Orderedj That the said contract, a copy of which is hereto an- 
nexed, be and the same is hereby approved. 

Attest: Wm J. McCullough, 

AssiiftafU Clerk. 
December 30, 1896. 

* See pngea 107 to 114, anU. 



196 APPENDIX — STREET RAILWAY ORDERS. [Jan. 



[Copt.] 

Contract between the Citt of Boston, acting by the Boston Transit 
Commission, and the West End Street Railway Company, for the 
USE OF THE Subway. 

This Contract, made this seventh day of December in the year one 
thousand eight hundred and ninety-six, by and between the City of Boston 
by the Boston Transit Commission, acting by a majority of its members, 
thereto duly authorized under the authority vested in it by the acts of the 
Commonwealth of Massachusetts, Chapter 478 of the year 1893, Chapter 
648 of the year 1894, Chapter 440 of the year 1895 and Chapter 492 of the 
year 1896, and under all other powers it hereto enabling, party of the first 
part; the Boston Transit Commission, hereinafter called the Commission, 
also acting by a majority of its members thereto duly authorized and join- 
ing in the grants hereinafter made in its own behalf in exercise of the 
powers conferred upon it by the acts aforesaid, but not binding its mem- 
bers in their personal capacity by any agreement herein contained ; and the 
West End Street Railway Company, party of the second pait, — 

WITNESSETH : The party of the first part, in consideration of the cove- 
nants and agreements of the party of the second part herein contained, 
hereby grants to the party of the second part for the term hereinafter 
stated, and subject to the reservations, restrictions and limitations herein- 
after set forth, the entire use and occupation of the subway now constructed 
or hereafter to be constructed by the Commission under the authority of 
the aforesaid acts, the same to be used, however, only for locations of the 
railway tracks of the party of the second part for the operation of its rail- 
way and for the purposes hereinafter expressly enumerated, including in 
such uses the right to construct, maintain, renew and use such tracks to- 
gether with switches, cross-overs, connections, wires, appliances, fixtures, 
electrical apparatus and all other machinery and equipment which may be 
necessary or proper from time to time for the convenient operation of the 
railway of said party of the second part, the carrying on of its lawful 
business in the subway and the performance of its agreements hereinafter 
contained. 

Definition of Subway. 

The word subway, as used above and wherever used in this instrument* 
shall include all the subway, subways, tunnels, entrances, approaches, con- 
nections, sidings, stations and appurtenant structures and fixtures of every 
kind, which the Commission has constructed or hereafter may construct 
under the authority of the aforesaid acts ; and wherever in this instrument 
a portion of the subway is referred to, there shall be meant a continuoos 
and connected portion of the subway as above defined, unless a different 
signification is apparent. 

The subway is to be constructed substantially according to the route and 
with the stations indicated on the plan hereto annexed and marked ** A,*^ so 
far as its route is exhibited thereon, and similar to tlie portions already 
completed. Said plan Is entitled ** Boston Subway — Progress to August 
16, 1896." 



1897.] BOSTON SUBWAY. 197 



Use of Trotcks by another Street Railway Company. 

If any street railway is now using and is entitled by virtue of an existing 
contract to use the tracks of the party of the second part in any portion of 
the route which is or hereafter may be occupied by the subway, then the 
party of the second part may permit such street railway company to use 
during the whole or any part of the term of this grant the tracks which 
may be laid in the corresponding portion of the subway, upon such terms 
as may be agreed upon between tlie party of the second part and such other 
street railway company. 

If any corporation having the right to carry passengers in the city of 
Boston shall by authority of law succeed by purchase, lease or otherwise to 
all the property, rights and franchises of said West End Street Railway 
Company, the said railway company may assign to such succeeding corpo- 
ration all the rights, privileges and powers granted and conveyed by this 
contract : provided^ however, and on condition that said succeeding corpo- 
i-ation shall assume all the duties, obligations and undertakings herein im- 
posed upon said West End Street Railway Company. 

Beginning and Length of Term. 

The use of the subway shall begin so soon as a reasonable time after its 
completion has been allowed the party of the second part for the equipment 
thereof. 

The Commission shall determine when the use shall begin, and shall 
notify the party of the second part of its decision ; and if in the judgment 
of the Commission any portion of the subway can be advantageously used 
before the completion of the whole, then the use of such portion shall begin 
when in the opinion of the Commission a reasonable time after the com- 
pletion of such portion has been allowed to the party of the second part for 
tlie equipment thereof, and after notice to that effect has been given to the 
party of the second part. 

The rights herein granted to the party of the second part shall continue 
for the term of twenty (20) years from the time when the right to use the 
subway or any portion thereof first accrues. 

Compensation. 

As compensation for the use of all the above premises and property, the 
party of the second part agrees to pay in each year to the city of Boston a 
sura equal to four and seven-eighths (4|) per centum of seven million dol- 
lars, or four and seven-eighths (4|) per centum of the net cost of the sub- 
way if such net cost be less than seven million dollars, said net cost to be 
computed in the manner below provided. Said compensation is to begin to 
accrue from the time when the use of the said premises and property be- 
gins under the foregoing provisions of this instrument; and in case the 
right to use any portion of the said premises and property shall begin be- 
fore the right to use the whole, then compensation shall be paid for the use 
of such portion, and shall begin to accrue with its use, and shall be at the 
alx)ve named percentage of the net cost of such portion, to be computed as 
below set forth. 



198 APPENDIX — STREET RAILWAY ORDERS. [Jan, 

And the party of the second part agi*ees also to pay in each year after it 
shall have acquired the use of all portions of the subway, such additional 
compensation, if any, as may be determined by a computation of the num- 
ber of passages made by cars in and through the subway as hereinafter 
provided ; that is to say, in case the amount computed as below provided 
upon the basis of the number of such passages exceeds the amount deter- 
mined by a percentage of the net cost of construction, then the party of the 
second part agrees after so acquiring the use also to pay as compensation 
the amount of such excess. It is therefore agreed that the compensation 
for any quarter of a year after the party of the second part shall have ac- 
quired the use of all portions of the subway, shall not be lass Uian a sum 
computed by charging a toll of live (5) cents for each passage made 
tlirough the subway by a car not exceeding twenty-five (25) feet in body- 
length, and at a proportionately greater rate for each car of greater length ; 
it being understood that any car which enters or passes through the sub- 
way or a portion thereof in one direction, and then reverses its direction 
within the subway and makes a return trip, shall be considered as making 
two passages, but otherwise the passing through the subway shall be con- 
sidered as a single passage only ; and it being also understood that no 
opening is to be made under the authority of existing statutes by which 
cars shall enter the subway from Washington street or Devonshire street. 
Cars used only for the conveyance of the United States mails, or for con- 
struction or repairs, or as motor cars only, and carrying only persons neces- 
sary for such purposes, shall not be included in computing the passages for 
which a toll is to be charged. The party of the second part shall keep a 
record of the passages of cars for which payment may be charged as above 
provided, and shall report the same quarterly when making payment for 
the use of the subway. 

In deteimining the net cost of the premises and property, or of any portion 
thereof, there shall be included ali lawful expenditm*es of every kind in- 
curred by the Commission on account of the acquisition and construction 
thereof, or of the poition to be used, as the case may be, including the sums 
paid by the Commission to any persons by way of damages for property 
taken or injured or for personal injuries sufiered, the incidental expenses 
of the Commission incurred under the authority of said acts, the sums paid 
to the Commission for salanes of its members, and also such interest at the 
rate of four (4) per centum per annum as shall have accrued, up to the time 
when the use by the party of the second part is to begin, on any debt in- 
curred by the city of Boston at the request or in behalf of the Commission 
in acquiring or constructing the said premises or property as aforesaid, or 
the portion thereof in question, as the case may be. 

From the gross cost so ascertained there shall be deducted any money 
which the Commission may then have received from the sales or other dis- 
position of any property or rights which may have been included in esti- 
mating the gross cost, and there shall be also deducted at a fair valuation, 
to be then made by the Commission, any property or rights so included 
which, though not actually sold or otherwise disposed of, will not be needed 
in the judgment of the Commission for the purposes for which the premises 
and property are to be used by the party of the second part ; and when 



1897.] BOSTON SUBWAY. 109 

said property and lights have been actually sold or otherwise finally dis- 
posed of, an adjustment of the cost of the subway and its additions shall be 
made upon the basis of the actual proceeds received from such final dispo- 
sition, for the purpose of determining the amount on which a percentage 
is to be subsequently paid as compensation. The right is hereby reserved 
to the Commission and, after the expiration of the Commission, to the city 
of Boston to dispose of any property or rights so valued as aforesaid, but 
neither this reservation nor the right of deduction above provided shall 
apply to any property or rights within the subway. 

At any time when the use of the whole or any portion of the premises 
and property is to begin, or as near thereto as is practicable, the Commis- 
sion shall make out and submit to the party of the second part a statement 
of the net cost computed as above, showing with reasonable detail what is 
included therein. 

If at any time during the continuance of the term of this grant the party 
of the second part shall be deprived in whole or in part of the use of the 
premises and property by any cause growing out of the act of God, public 
enemies, mobs, riots, the falling or settling of buildings, bursting of pipes 
outside the subway, explosions of gas, or works or excavations carried on 
or permitted by said city or other public authority, or the filling or caving 
in or other physical obstruction of the subway or any part thereof not due 
to the negligence of the party of the second part, or by the location, main- 
tenance or use of the wires or other apparatus which the city is hereinafter 
authorized to maintain in the subway, then the amount above fixed as 
compensation, or a just and reasonable part thereof, shall be suspended 
or abated during such deprivation. 

The compensation for the use of the subway or any portion thereof shall 
be paid to the city of Boston in quarterly payments on the last day of 
December, March, June and September in each year, and at the rate afore- 
said for any uncompleted quarter of a year. 

Equipment of Subway, 

Said party of the second part shall suitably lay and maintain in first-el ivss 
condition railway tracks in proper places in the subway, together with the 
appointments and apparatus necessary for the safe and convenient opera- 
tion of the same, and shall provide and maintain all wires, electrical or 
other apparatus or equipment necessary or convenient for the furnishing 
of power and light therein, and shall further provide requisite pumps, 
fans and ventilating apparatus, and in general shall completely equip and 
furnish the subway with all machinery, piping, nppai-atus and furniture 
proper and adapted thereto and necessary for the convenient maintenance 
and operation of a i^ailway therein and for the safety and accommodation 
of the passengers upon said railway. 

All tracks, wires, appliances, fixtures, machinery, equipment, furniture 
and apparatus provided by said party of the second part shall be and 
remain the property of said party of the second part so long as it continues 
to occupy and use the subway under the provisions of this contract ; and, 
upon the termination of such use and occupation, the party of the first part 
hereby agrees to take and pay for all such property at its then fair value, 



200 APPENDIX — STREET RAILWAY ORDERS. [Jan. 

to be determined by the Board of Railroad Commissioners ; and the party 
of the second part hereby agrees to deliver to the pai*ty of the first pai*t all 
such property at the said valuation. 

Power and Light. 

The power to be used in the operation of the railway in the subway and 
of the apparatus placed therein shall be either electricity, compressed air or 
some agent the use of which will not be accompanied by smoke, steam or 
any noxious products which might impair the purity of the atmosphere 
witliin the subway ; and the use and manner of use of any motive power 
shall be subject to the approval of the Commission, the use of electricity, 
however, as a motive power in the subway being hereby approved. 

Neither steam nor animals shall be used within the subway as a motive 
power, except temporarily in cases of emergency. 

Said party of the second part shall suitably and adequately and to the 
satisfaction of the Commission light the subway and the cars running 
therein by electricity, or may from time to time, in whole or in part, use 
such other illuminating agents as may be approved by the Commission ; 
but no illuminating gas of any description shall be used therein, nor any 
illuminating agent which is explosive. 

Repairs, 

Said party of the second part shall maintain the subway, except as to 
repairs below excepted, in good order and condition as a complete structure 
adapted to the maintenance and use of lines of railway, and shall at all 
reasonable times be entitled to a permit to open the streets and other public 
grounds of said city for the purpose of making requisite repairs to the 
subway ; and, when the right to use the subway shall terminate, shall 
restore it to the city in good condition except as to repairs not obligatory 
upon said party of the second part. 

All repairs to the subway shall be at the sole cost and expense of the 
party of the second part, except such repairs as are made necessai-y by the 
act of God, public enemies, mobs, riots, the falling or settling of buildings, 
bursting of pipes outside the subway, explosions of gas, or works or exca- 
vations earned on or permitted by said city or otlier public authority, or by 
the location, maintenance or use of the wires or other apparatus which the 
city is hereinafter authorized to maintiiin in the subway; and if repairs 
should be made necessary by any of said excepted causes, then such repairs 
may be made by the party of the second part, and the reasonable cost and 
expense thereof deducted from the compensation subsequently due and 
payable hereunder. 

Liability for'Dafnages, 

The party of the first part shall not be responsible to the party of the 
second part for damages of any description resulting from any defects in 
the subway, whether structural or arising out of want of repair or from 
any cause, after the use of the same by the party of the second part has 
begun as hereinbefore provided, unless such damage result from the loca- 
tion, maintenance or use of the wires or other apparatus which the city is 



1897.] BOSTON SUBWAY. 201 

hereinafter authorized to maintain in the subway ; nor shall it be respon- 
sible for any damages resulting to persons or property in the operation and 
use of the subway, including all parts thereof, whether on property belong- 
ing to the party of the first part or upon property the fee of which belongs 
to other i>arties ; and the party of the second part shall hold the party of 
the first part harmless and indemnified therefrom, and shall at its own 
expense, upon due notice from said party of the first part, defend all suits 
and other proceedings of every description, whether at law or in equity, 
which may be brought against said party of the first part, its officers, ser- 
vants or agents, by reason of any liability arising out of the maintenance, 
operation and use of any portion of the subway or of the railways, 
machinery and apparatus therein, and accruing after the right to use such 
portion has begun as hereinbefore provided, and shall satisfy all final judg- 
ments of legal tribunals rendered in such suits and proceedings ; but the 
foregoing provisions shall not apply to legal proceedings to recover for 
loss or injuries growing out of the act of God, public enemies, mobs, riots, 
the falling or settling of buildings, bursting of pipes outside the subway, 
exi)losions of gas, or works or excavations carried on or permitted by said 
city or other public authority, or the location, maintenance or use of the 
wires or other apparatus which the city is hereinafter authorized to main- 
tain in the subway. 

Bemoval of Surface Tracks, 

The party of the second part agi'ces that it w-ill make no claim against 
the party of the first part for any damage for removing, upon tlie order 
of the Commission, its surface tracks from Tremont street between Boylston 
street and Scollay square and from Boylston street between Park square and 
Tremont street, and such other tracks as the Commission may oi'der to be 
removed under the authority of the aforesaid acts : provided^ that during the 
term of this contract the right to lay, maintain and use traclis on tlie loca- 
tions from which the tracks are so removed, be not granted nor permitted 
to any other person or corporation for street railway purposes; and the 
party of the second part agrees at its own expense to restore and leave in 
good condition the pavement of that portion of the streets occupied by the 
tracks so removed. 

Inspection by Public Officials. 

The members of the Commission, the Governor of the Commonwealth, 
the Board of Railroad Commissioners, and their respective engineers, and 
the Mayor and the City Engineer of Boston, shall at all times have free 
entry to the subway for the purpose of inspecting the same. 

Subway to be Kept Clean. 

The party of the second part shall keep the subway thoroughly clean and 
in good order and condition at all times, except as herein excepted, shall by 
use of pumps keep the same free from unnecessary dampness, and shall 
by artificial Tentilatir»n, when needed, keep the air therein pure, and shall 
keep the stations and their approaches free from ice and snow ; all which 
service shall be performed to the satisfaction of the Commission. 



202 APPENDIX — STREET RAILWAY ORDERS. [Jan. 



Changes in Subivat/ not to be mtule by Railwai/ Company — Unnecessary 

Structures — Newspaper Booths, 

Said party of the second part shall have no right to make substantial 
alterations or additions in the subwaj unless with the approval of the Com- 
mission, and, after the termination of the existence of the Commission, with 
the approval of the Mayor for the time being of the city of Boston and the 
Board of l^ailroad Commissioners; nor shall it have the right to place 
therein or attach thereto, except as hereinafter provided, any structures, 
machinoiy, merchandise, apparatus, advertisements, or property of any sort, 
which are not necessary or proper for the operation of its railway therein 
and the performance of its agreements herein contained ; but the said party 
of the second part may place and maintain booths of suitable size and 
character upon each platform for the sale of newspapers, magazines 
periodicals and books, so far as the paity of the first part has the power to 
grant the right to place and maintain said booths ; and, in the event that il 
shall be determined by any court of competent jurisdiction that said party 
of the first part has not such power, then no abatement of the compensa- 
tion which the party of the second part herein agrees to pay for the use of 
the subway shall be allowed in consequence. 

Changes in Subway by Commission, 

The Commission, if it deems that public convenience and necessity so 
require, may make such additions to or improvements or changes in the 
subway, within the limits defined by existing acts, as it sees fit ; and said 
party of the second part may and shall in like manner as hereinbefore pro- 
vided equip and use the subway after such additions, improvements and 
changes therein shall have been made, and shall be under all the obliga- 
tions and have all the privileges respecting the same which are above pro- 
vided with respect to the subway, and shall pay for such use four and 
seven-eightlis (4}) per centum annually upon the net cost of such additions, 
improvements or chajiges, determined as hereinbefore provided : provided, 
however^ that the total annual compensation to be paid by said party of the 
second part in any way under this instrument shall not exceed the amount 
above specified, namely, four and seven-eighths (4 J) per centum of seven 
million (7,000.000) dollars, unless such compensation shall exceed that 
amount when determined by a computation of the number of cars using the 
subway in the manner above provided. 

Obligations of Railway Company confined to Portions in Use, . 

The obligations and liability of the party of the second part under the 
foregoing provisions of this instrument, shall not in any event apply to any 
portion of tire premises or property covered hereby, or to any additions, 
improvements, changes or alterations thereof, except in so far as the party 
of the second part may have the right to the use and enjoyment thereof 
under the provisions hereof at the time as to which it may be sought to 
impose such obligation or liability. 



1897.] BOSTON SUBWAY. 203 



Wires^ ConduiU, and Tubes, 

The party of the second part may grant upon such terms as it may deem 
expedient to any person or corporation not authorized to carry on a railway 
business, but authorized by law to use and maintain for other purposes 
wires, conduits for wires or pneumatic tubes along any portion of the route 
of the subway, the privilege of placmg such wires, conduits or tubes within 
a corresponding portion of the subway used by the party of the second 
part, but only to such extent and for such time as may be practicable with- 
out interfering with the convenient operation of the railway and other ap- 
paratus which the party of the second part is hereby authorized to put 
therein. If the party desiring such privilege cannot agree with the party 
of the second part upon the teimsof such grant, the privilege to the extent 
and for the time above stated shall be so granted upon terms to be settled 
by the Commission ; but in any event the compensation for such privilege 
shall be paid to the party of the second part. 

The city of Boston may without charge place in the subway such wires 
and apparatus as may be necessary for its police and fire-alarm sei'vice, lo 
be used, however, exclusively for such service, and to be so located as not 
to interfere with the use of the subway which the party of the second part 
is hereby authorized to make. The location, construction, maintenance 
and repair of such wires and apparatus shall be subject to such reasonable 
directions and regulations as the party of the second part may impose or, 
in case of any disagi*eement, as the Commission may determine. 

DefauU and Penally, 

In the event of the failure of the party of the second part or its successor 
to pay the compensation herein fixed for the use of the subway for three 
months after such compensation shall have become due, or in the event of 
a failure to maintain and operate a railway within the subway and if such 
failure shall have continued for three months, then in either of said events 
the city of Boston shall have the right to terminate this contract and to 
reenter upon and repossess itself of the above-described premises and 
property, unless such failure to maintain and operate grow out of the act 
of God, public enemies, mobs, riots, the falling or settling of buildings, 
bursting of pipes outside the subway, explosions of gas, or works or exca- 
vations cari'ied on or permitted by said city or other public authority, or the 
filling or caving in or other physical obstruction of the subway not due to 
the negligence of the party of the second part, or out of the location, 
maintenance or use of the wires or other apparatus which the city is here- 
inbefore authorized to maintain in the subway. In case the right of reentiy 
and repossession above given shall be exercised, all the tracks, wires, appa- 
ratus, equipment and other property in the nature of fixtures, of the party 
of the second part within the subway, shall become the property of the city 
of Boston and be paid for by it at a valuation to be detei*mined as herein- 
before provided for the occasion when the same are to be suiTcndered by 
the party of the second part at the expii*ation of said term of twenty yeai*8. 



20i APPENDIX — STREET RAILWAY ORDERS. [Jan. 



Removed of Property by Bailway Company, 

Said party of the second part shall have no right at any time to remove 
from the subway any tracks, wires, apparatus, equipment or other property 
necessary to the use and maintenance of the subway and the operation of 
a railway therein, except for the purpose of repairs or renewal, or for the 
substitution of equivalent structures, propei'ty, apparatus or equipment, 
nor shall it have the right to sell or mortgage such property unless removed 
under the foregoing provisions. 

Indemnity, 

In case of the termination of this contract prior to the expiration of the 
term of twenty (20) years under the foregoing provisions hereof, and a 
reentry upon tlie premises and property aforesaid and a repossession of 
the same by the city of Boston, the party of the second part agrees to in- 
demnify the said city for all loss and damages which it may in any manner 
sustain by reason of such termination during the residue of said tenn of 
twenty (20) years. 

Recovery of Excessive Payment, 

In case there shall be an 3'^ disagreement between the parties hereto 
respecting the amount of compensation due hereunder, and the party of 
the second part shall pay more than it maintains to be justly due, it may 
make such payment under protest, and may thereafter bring proceedings 
in any court of competent jurisdiction to recover the excess ; and any 
amount which the court may adjudge to have been paid in excess, shall be 
repaid by the party of the first part with interest at the rate of four and 
seventh-eighths (4J) per centum per annum. 

Terminalion of Uie Existence of the Commission, 

In respect to all matters arising under tliis contract where provision is 
made for action by the Commission, or its approval of acts to be done by 
the party of the second part is required, it is hereby provided and agreed 
that, upon the termination of the existence of the Commission, the authority 
to take such action shall vest in and the necessity of approval shall apply to 
the Board of Hailroad Commissioners, unless otherwise herein provided, 
until some other tribunal shall bo designated by law for such purpose ; but 
the provisions of this paragraph shall not apply to the powers hereinbefore 
reserved to the Transit Commission to make additions to, improvements, 
changes or alterations in the subway, or to dispose in a certain event of 
certain property and rights acquired by the Transit Commission. 

The Company to be subject to Law, 

It is understood and agreed that the party of the second part, and any 
other company i*unning cars within the subway as aforesaid, shall, with 
reppect to the railway and tnicks located in the subw-ay, and the equipment, 
use and operation thereof, and transportation thereon, have all the powers 



1897.] BOSTON SUBWAY. 205 

and privileges, and be subject to all the duties, liabilities, restrictions and 
provisions, set forth in the general laws which now are or hereafter may be 
in force relating to street railways and street railway companies, and in any 
other laws or acts which are or may be applicable to the party of the second 
part or such other company, so far as the same are not or may not be incon- 
sistent with the grants herein specifically made. 

In Witness Whereof, the said parties hereto set their hands and seals 
the day and year first above mentioned, the city of Boston executing this 
instrument by the Boston Transit Commission acting by a majority of its 
members thereto duly authorized and adopting a common seal, the West 
End Street Railway Company causing its name and corporate seal to be 
affixed to these pr/ssents by its president thereto duly authorized, and the 
Boston Transit Commission also signing in the capacity above stated in the 
first paragraph of this instrument by a majority of its members thereto 
duly authorized, each member adopting the same common seal. 

THE CITY OF BOSTON, ACTING BY THE BOSTON TRANSIT 

COMMISSION, 

George G. Crocker, 
Charles H. Dalton, 
Thomas J. Gargan, 
[Seal.] Georoe F. Swain. 

BOSTON TRANSIT COMMISSION. 

George G. Crocker, 
Charles H. Dalton, 
Thomas J. Gargan, 
[Seal.] George F. Swain. 

THE WEST END STREET RAILWAY COMPANY, 

By Samuel Little, 
[CoBFORATs Seal.] /^resident. 



206 APPENDIX — STREET RAILWAY ORDERS. [Jan, 



CONSOLIDATIONS AND LEASES. 



Approval op Terms of Consolidation op the Montague with 
THE Greenfield & Turner's Falls Street Railway Company. 

In the matter of the joint petition of the Greenfield & Tamer's 
Falls Street Railway Company and the Montague Street Railway 
Company, for the approval by the Board of the terms of a proposed 
purchase and sale by and to said first-named company of the fran- 
chise, rights and property of said last-named company, — 

It appearing, after a pnbiic hearing, of which notice was given by 
public advertisement pursuant to the order of the Board, that such 
purchase and sale have been authorized by chapter 105 of the Acts 
of 1896 ; that the terms thereof, as hereinafter set forth, will involve 
no increase of the joint outstanding capital stock and debt of the con- 
tracting corporations ; and that said terms are reasonable and not 
injurious to the public interest, — it is 

Ordered^ That the following be approved as the terms of the pur- 
chase and sale proposed and authorized as aforesaid : — 

1. The Montague Street Railway Company shall convey and 
assign by good and sufficient deed its railway, franchise, rights, ease- 
ments, privileges, locations and powers, and all of its property of 
every nature, both real and personal, to the Greenfield & Turner's 
Falls Street Railway Company, to have and to hold the same unto 
said last-named company, its successors and assigps, forever, subject 
to the duties, liabilities and restrictions applicable to the same under 
the general laws relating to street railway companies. 

2. In consideration of such conveyance, the Greenfield & Turner's 
F'alls Street Railway Company shall pay to the Montague Street Rail- 
way Company, or to its stockholders, the sum of $40,000 in cash, the 
said sum to be applied to the redemption of all the outstanding shares 
of the capital stock (amounting to $40,000) of said last-named com- 
pany, by the repayment of the par value of the said shares to the 
several holders thereof in cash, the certificates of the said shares 
upon such redemption to be surrendered and cancelled, and the said 
shares and certificates not to be reissued. 

3. In consideration of such conveyance, the Greenfield & Turner's 
Falls Street Railway Company shall also assume, pay and discharge 



1897.] CONSOLIDATIONS. 207 

all of the debts, labilities, claims and demands, of whatsoever nat- 
ure, outstanding against said Montague Street Railway Company in 
favor of third parties ; and it shall be expressly so stipulated in the 
deed of conveyance aforesaid. 

4. The foregoing terms shall, before such proposed purchase and 
sale are consummated, be agreed to by a majority of the board of di- 
rectors, and by a majority in interest of the stockholders, of each of 
said cor[x>rations, at meetings duly called for that purpose. 

Attest: Wh. A. Crafts, 

Ckrk. 
Mat 8, 1896. 



Approval of Terms of Consolidation of the Braintree with 
THE Quincy <& Boston Street Railway Company. 

In the matter of the petition of the Quincy & Boston Street Rail- 
way Company for the approval by the Board, under chapter 506 of 
the Acts of 1894, of the terms of a proposed purchase and sale by 
and to said company of the railway, franchise and property of the 
Braintree Street Railway Company, — 

It appearing, after a public hearing, of which notice was given by 
public advertisement pursuant to the order of the Board, and upon an 
examination of the assets and liabilities of said companies, that such 
purchase and sale have been authorized by chapter 130 of the Acts of 
18% ; that the terms of purchase and sale hereinafter set forth are 
within the provisions of snid act ; and that, taking into account per- 
tinent facts and conditions, such terms are reasonable and consistent 
with the public interest, — it is 

Ordered, That the following be approved as the terms of the pur- 
chase and sale proposed to be made as aforesaid : — 

1. 'The Braintree Street Railway Company, by a duly authorized 
and executed deeil, shall convey and transfer to the Quincy & Boston 
Street Railway Company all its railway, franchise, property, rights 
and easements, to have and to hold the same to said last-named 
company, its successors and assigns, forever. 

2. In consideration of such conveyance, the Quincy & Boston 
Street Railway Company shall assume and pay the funded debt and 
all other lawful debts, claims and demands outstanding or at any 
time arising against the Braintree Street Railway Company ; and it 
shall be expressly so stipulated in the deed of conveyance aforesaid. 

3. ^Upon the due delivery of such deed, the Quincy & Boston 
Street Railway Company shall pay to the Braintree Street Railway 
Company, or to the stockholders of said company, the sum or equiv- 
alent of $25,200, in shares of its capital stock, or in cash, as follows : 



208 APPENDIX — STREET RAILWAY ORDERS. [Jan, 

Three shares of Quincy & Boston stock shall be delivered in exchange 
for five shares of Braintree stock, or S72 in cash shall be paid for 
each share of the latter stock not so exchanged, at the option of the 
holder thereof ; and the certificates of Braintree shares, upon the com- 
pletion of such exchange or payment, shall be surrendered and can- 
celled, and said shares shall not be reissued: provided^ that any 
minority stockholder of either company who dissents from the terms 
of purchase and sale as herein set forth, shall have the rights and 
remedies with respect to his share or shares; which are provided in 
section 4 of chapter 308 of the Acts of 1891, so far as the provisions 
of said section may be applicable hereto. 

4. Upon the consummation of said purchase and sale in the man- 
ner and upon the terms aforesaid, the Quincy & Boston Street Rail- 
way Company shall have all the powers and privileges, and shall be 
subject to all the duties, liabilities and restrictions, of the Braintree 
Street Railway Company. 

5. The purchase and sale proposed as aforesaid shall not be made, 
nor shall it be valid or binding, until the terms thereof, as herein 
specified and approved, have been first agreed to by a majority of 
the directors of each of said companies, and by a majority in interest 
of their respective stockholders at meetings duly called for the 
purpose. Attest: Wh. A. Crafts, 

CUrk, 

NOVBMBBR 16, 1896. 



Approval op Terms of Lease of the Gloucester & Rockport 
Street Railway to the Gloucester Street Railway Company. 

In the matter of the joint petition of the Gloucester Street Railway 
Company and the Gloucester & Rockport Street Railway Company 
for the approval by the Board of the terms of a proposed lease by 
and to said first-named company of the railway, franchise and other 
property of said last-named company, — 

It appearing, after a public hearing, of which notice was given by 
public advertisement pursuant to the order of the Board, that such 
lease has been authorized by chapter 83 of the Acts of 1896 ; that 
the convenience of the public will be promoted by the operation of 
the railways of both corporations under one management ; that there 
will be no increase of capitalization or debt by reason of such lease ; 
and that the proposed rental is under all the circumstances not ex- 
cessive ; 

Now, therefore, it appearing to the Board, upon the facts and for 
the reasons above stated, that the terms are reasonable and not in- 
jurioas to the public interest, — it is 



1897.] LEASES. 209 

Ordered^ That the terms of lease set forth in the copy of indenture 
hereto annexed be approved : Pramded^ however^ that such lease shall 
not be valid or binding until the terms thereof have been agreed to 
by a majority of the directors, and by a majority in interest of the 
stockholders, of each of said companies, at meetings duly called and 

held for that purpose. Attest : Wm. A. Crafts, 

Clerk, 
June 15, 1896. 

[Copt.] 

This Indenture, made this first day of May, in the year eighteen hundred 
and ninety.six, by and between the Gloucester and Kockport Street 
Railway Company, hereinafter called the lessor, and the Gloucester 
Street Railway Company, hereinafter called the lessee, both being cor- 
porations established under the laws of the Commonwealth of Massa- 
chusetts, — 

WITNESSETH that, Under and pursuant to the provisions of chapter 83 of 
the Acts of 1896, and in consideration of the covenants herein contained on 
the part of the lessee to be kept and performed, the lessor hereby demises, 
leases and lets unto the lessee all and singular its railway, franchise, and 
property of every description (excepting the property hereinafter assigned 
absolutely to the lessee), including all rights, privileges, easements and 
appurtenances thereunto belonging, together with the right to demand and 
receive to its (the lessee's) own use all tolls, rents, revenue, income, 
profits, and privileges of the demised premises ; also all the right, title and 
interest of the lessor in and to all contracts and obligations of or with 
other corporations or persons. 

To Have and to Hold the same unto the lessee, its successors and 
assigns, for the term of twenty years, commencing with the day of the date 
hereof. 

1. The lessor covenants that during the term of this lease it will main- 
tain its corporate organization in due form of law, and for that purpose 
will hold all necessary meetings, elect all necessary officers, and make all 
necessary records, issues and re-issues of stock certificates, and reports and 
returns required by law from the lessor, all at its own expense. And the 
lessee covenants that its treasurer and clerk shall, if elected by the lessor 
treasurer and clerk of the lessor, serve as such without additional compen- 
sation from the lessor ; and that during said term it will make all reports 
and returns required by law from the lessee in relation to the property 
hereby demised, and will on demand furnish to the lessor, so far as it has 
the means, all infoiination necessary for making such reports and returns 
as are required by law from the lessor. 

2. The lessor covenants that the lessee, it keeping all the covenants on 
its part herein contained, shall peaceably occupy, possess and enjoy, during 
the term aforesaid, the demised premises, franchise, property, rights and 
privileges, without hindrance or molestation by the lessor or by any person 
or persons lawfully claiming the same. 

3. The lessor covenants that, upon the reasonable request of the lessee, 
it will do and perform all such further lawful acts and execute any and all 
such instruments as are necessary and proper for the due protection, pres- 



210 APPENDIX — STREET RAILWAY ORDERS. [Jan. 

ervation and full enjoyment by the lessee of all the property, rights and 
privileges hereby demised, and for confirming, establishing and carrying 
into full effect the terms and provisions of this indenture according to its 
true intent and meaning:; ^^^ that the lessee may use the name of the 
lessor in bringing or def;nding any suits or proceedings in law or equity 
which may be necessary for the purposes aforesaid ; but the lessee shall 
save the lessor harmless and indemnified from and against all loss, cost, 
damage and expense arising therefrom. 

4. The lessor covenants, in case the lessee deems it advisable to sell 
any part of the real estate or personal property hereby demised, to execute 
and deliver such instruments as may be necessary to transfer the title of 
the lessor therein to the vendee : provided, the proceeds of such sale are to 
be applied to the substitution of other property of equal value, or other- 
wise expended to increase the permanent value of other property hereby 
demised : and the lessee covenants so to apply or expend the proceeds. 

5. In consideration of the premises, the lessee hereby covenants to pay 
as rent hereunder the sum of eighteen hundred dollars for each and every 
year during the term of this lease ; said rent to be paid to the lessor on the 
first day of November in each year during said term, the first payment to 
be made November 1, 1896. 

6. The lessee further covenants to pay all taxes, rates, charges and 
assessments whatsoever whicli under national, state or municipal authority 
may be lawfully imposed or assessed upon or to the lessor or lessee with 
reference to the demised premises and property, or the franchise, capital 
stock or revenues of the lessor, or the rental aforesaid, during the term of 
this lease, including the taxes of the year 1896. 

7. The lessor hereby assigns and transfers to the lessee, absolutely, all 
accounts, demands, and bills receivable which it owns or has a right to, all 
the moneys, materials and supplies which it has on hand, and all securities 
belonging to the lessor. And the lessee hereby assumes and agrees to pay 
all lawful debts, claims and demands outstanding against the lessor at the 
date of this lease, and to pay all the obligations of the lessor arising from 
time to time during the term of this lease as the same shall from time to 
time fall due, and to keep and perform all and singular the contracts re- 
lating to said demised premises and property now in force and binding on 
the lessor ; and to save the lessor harmless from all suits, costs, damage and 
expense on account tliereof . 

8 The lessee covenants to use and operate the demised railway and 
property in accordance and compliance with the laws of said Common- 
wealth, to pay all cost and expense incident to the use and operation 
thereof, to provide all cars,- equipments, apparatus and structures of every 
description necessary for the due operation of said railway in addition to 
the property herein demised, and to make such alterations in the location or 
position of the leased tracks, or any portion thereof, as may be ordered by 
lawful authority. 

9. The lessee covenants to keep said railway and other demised property 
in as good condition as at the inception of this lease ; and at the termination 
of the lease to surrender said railway and other demised property, and all 
such property as may have been substituted therefor, in like good order 
and condition. 



1897.] LEASES. 211 

10. The lessee coyenants to save the lessor harmless from all suits, 
costs, damage and expense by reason of any acts or omissions of the lessee 
in the operation, management or use of the demised premises during the 
continuance of this lease, and at its own expense, to defend all suits now 
pending or that may hereafter be brought against the lessor or the leased 
property by reason of any such act or omission, and to pay all such sums as 
may be recovered as damages and costs in any such suit, when demanded 
on final process ; and the lessee may use the name of the lessor in defend- 
ing any such suit. 

11. The lessor and lessee covenant with each other that there shall 
forthwith be made a full and complete inventory and appraisal of the land, 
buildings, tracks, overhead construction, equipments and all other property 
of every nature and description demised by this lease, and a copy of said 
inventoiy shall be furnished to the lessor and the lessee, and the same shall 
be conclusive evidence in any and all cases in which the question of the 
value and condition of said property at the time of making this lease shall 
arise between them. The said inventory and appraisal shall be made by 
two disinterested persons, one selected by the lessor and one by the lessee, 
who in case of any dispute or disagreement may choose a third, and the 
decision of a majority shall be final. On the termination of this lease, 
whether terminated before or at the end of the term, a like inventory and 
appraisal shall be made of all the property then surrendered by the lessee 
to the lessor ; and if the property surrendered is of greater or less value 
than the appraised value as shown by the inventory made at the commence- 
ment of this lease, the difference shall be adjusted and paid in money. 

12. This lease is upon the express condition, that if the lessee, its suc- 
cessors or assigns, shall fail to make any annual payment of rent, as here- 
inbefore stipulated, or to keep or perform any of its other covenants herein 
contained, and such default shall continue for sixty days after wintten no- 
tice thereof from the lessor to the lessee, then and in either case this lease 
may be terminated at the option of the lessor ; and the lessor may there- 
upon re-enter upon the demised premises, and the same have and possess 
as of its former estate, without prejudice to its right of action for arrears of 
rent or for breach of covenant ; and upon such entry the said term shall 
cease and be ended. 

In Witness Whereof, the said parties, to this and one other instru- 
ment of the like tenor, have caused their corporate seals to be affixed, and 
the same to be signed by their respective presidents and treasurers, there- 
unto duly authorized, the day and year first above written. 



Approval of Terms of Lease of the Worcester & Shrewsbury 
Street Railway to the Worcester Consolidated Street Rail- 
way Company. 

In the matter of the joint petition of the Worcester Consolidated 
Street Railway Company and the Worcester & Shrewsbury Street 
Railway Company for the approval by the Board, under chapter 506 



212 APPENDIX — STREET RAILWAY ORDERS. [Jan. 

of the Acts of 1894, of the terms of a proposed lease by and to said 
first-Darned company, of the railway, franchise and other property of 
said last-named company, — 

It appearing, after a public hearing, of which notice was given by 
public advertisement pursuant to the order of the Board, that such 
lease has been authorized by chapter 511 of the Acts of 1896 ; that 
the convenience of the public will be promoted by the operation of 
the railways of both corporations under one management ; that there 
will be no increase of capitalization or debt by reason of such lease ; 
and that the proposed rental is not excessive ; 

Now, therefore, it appearing to the Board, upon the facts and for 
the reasons above stated, that the terms are reasonable and not inju- 
rious to the public interest, — it is 

Ordered^ That the terms and conditions of lease, including rates of 
fare, as set forth in the copy of indenture hereto annexed, be ap- 
proved : Provided, however, that such lease shall not be valid or 
binding until the said terms and conditions, set forth as aforesaid, 
have been agreed to by a majority of the directors, and by a majority 
in interest of the stockholders, of each of said corporations, at meet- 
ings duly called and held for that purpose. 

Attest: Wm. J. McCullough, 

Assistant Clerk. 
July 25, 1896. 

[Copt.] 

This Indenture, made this first day of July, in the year eighteen hundred 
and ninety-six, by and between the Worcester & Shrewsbury Street 
Railway Company, hereinafter called the lessor, and the Worcester 
Consolidated Street Railway Company, hereinafter called the lessee, 
both being corporations established under the laws of the Common- 
wealth of Massachusetts, — 

WITNESSETH that, under and pursuant to the provisions of chapter 511 
of the Acts of 1896, the lessor hereby leases, demises and lets unto the 
lessee all and singular its railway, franchise, and other property of every 
description, including all rights, privileges, easements and appurtenances 
thereunto belonging, together with the right to demand and receive to the 
lessee's own use all tolls, rents, revenue, income and profits of the demised 
premises. 

To Have and to Hold the same unto the lessee, its successors and 
assigns, for the term of ninety-nine years, commencing with the day of the 
date hereof. 

1. The lessor covenants that during the term of this lease it will main- 
tain its corporate organization in due form of law, and for that purpose 
will hold all necessary meetings, elect all necessary officers, and make all 
necessary records, reports and returns required by law, at its own expense. 

2. The lessor covenants that, upon the reasonable request of the lessee, 
it will do and perform all such further acts, and will execute any and all 



1897.] LEASES. 213 

such instruments, as are necessary or proper for the due protection, preser- 
yation and full enjoyment by the lessee of all the property, rights and 
privileges hereby demised, and for confirming, establishing and carrying 
into full effect the terms and provisions of this indenture according to its 
true intent and meaning; and that, in default thereof, the same may be 
done by the lessee, its successors and assigns, or its and their lawful agents, 
in the name and as the act of the lessor ; and that the lessee may use the 
name of the lessor in bringing or defending any suits or proceedings in 
law or equity which may be necessary for the purposes aforesaid ; but the 
lessee shall save and hold the lessor harmless and indemnified from and 
against all loss, cost, damage and expense arising therefrom. 

3. The lessor covenants that it has no indebtedness, and that all of its 
lawful debts, and all lawful claims and demands against it, have been 
fully paid and satisfied. 

4. The lessor covenants, in case the lessee deems it advisable to sell any 
part of the real estate or personal property hereby demised, to execute and 
deliver such instruments as may be necessary to transfer its title therein to 
the vendee : provided^ the proceeds of such sale are to be applied to the 
substitution of other property of equal value, or otherwise expended to 
increase the value of other property hereby demised; and the lessee 
covenants so to apply or expend the proceeds. 

5. In consideration of the premises, the lessee covenants to pay to the 
lessor as rent hereunder the sum of one thousand dollars for each and every 
year dunng the term of this lease; said sum to be paid in equal semi- 
annual instalments on the first days of January and July in each year, the 
first payment to be made January 1, 1897. 

6. The lessee further covenants to pay all taxes and assessments what- 
soever assessed to the lessor or upon the demised property during the term 
of this lease, including the taxes of the year 1896 ; and also assumes and 
covenants to pay all lawful debts, claims and demands (if any) outstanding 
against the lessor at the date of this lease. 

7. The lessee covenants to use and operate the demised railway and 
property in accordance and compliance with the laws of said Common- 
wealth, to pay all cost and expense incident to the use and operation thereof, 
and to provide all cars, equipments, apparatus and structures of every 
description necessaiy for the due operation of said railway, in addition to 
the property hereby demised. 

8. The lessee covenants that, except while temporarily prevented by 
accident, storm, or other controlling emergency, it will, either on the line 
hereby demised or on its own line parallel thereto, furnish facilities and 
accommodations for public travel at least equal to those heretofore fur- 
nished upon and over said demised line ; and will not increase the single 
fare of five cents heretofore charged for the transportation of persons upon 
and over either of said lines ; and will give to any passenger paying such 
fare, who may request the same, a free transfer over any of the railway or 
railroad lines, in the city of Worcester, which now are, or hereafter may be, 
under the control of the lessee, similar to the free transfers which are at 
the time issued by said lessee upon other branches of its railway system in 
said city. 



214 APPENDIX — STREET RAILWAY ORDERS. [Jan. 

9. The lessee covenants to save the lessor harmless from all suits, dam- 
age and expense by reason of any acts or omissions of the lessee in the 
operation, management or use of the demised premises during the con- 
tinuance of this lease, and at its own expense to defend all suits brought 
against the lessor or the leased property by reason of any such act or 
omission, and to pay all such sums as may be recovered as damages and 
costs in any such suit. 

10. The lessee covenants to keep the demised property, and all additions 
and improvements that may be made thereto, insured for a reasonable 
amount, payable in case of loss to itself ; and the lessee may receive from 
the insurance companies any payments made in case of loss, and shall ap- 
ply the same to restore and replace the property injured or destroyed. 

11. The lessee covenants to keep said railway and other demised prop- 
erty in as good condition as at the inception of this lease; and, at the 
termination of the lease, to surrender said railway and other demised prop- 
erty, and all such property as may have been substituted therefor, in like 
good order and condition. 

12. The lessor and lessee covenant with each other that there shall be 
forthwith made a full and complete appraisal and inventory of the land, 
buildings, tracks, overhead construction, equipments and all other property 
of every nature and description demised by this lease. A copy of said in- 
ventory shall be furnished to the lessor and the lessee, and the same shall 
be conclusive evidence in any and all cases in which the question of the 
value and condition of said property at the time of making this lease shall 
arise between them. The said appraisal and inventory shall be made by 
two disinterested persons, one selected by the lessor and one by the lessee, 
who in case of any dispute or disagreement may choose a third, and the 
decision of a majority shall be final. On the termination of this lease* 
whether terminated before or at the end of the term, a like appraisal and 
inventory shall be made of all the property then surrendered by the lessee 
to the lessor ; and if the property suri'endered is of greater or less value 
than the appraised value as shown by the inventory made at the com- 
mencement of this lease, the difference shall be adjusted and paid in money. 
The expense of making said appraisals and inventories shall be shared 
equally by lessor and lessee. 

13. This lease is upon the express condition that if the lessee, its suc- 
cessors or assigns, fail to make any semi-annual payment of rent as herein- 
before stipulated, or to keep or perform any of its other covenants herein 
contained, and such default continues for one month after written notice 
thereof from the lessor to the lessee, then and in either case this lease may 
be terminated at the option of the lessor ; and the lessor may thereupon 
re-enter upon the demised premises, and the same have and possess as of 
its former estate, without prejudice to its right of action for arreai*s of rent 
or for breach of covenant ; and upon such entry the said term shall cease 
and be ended. 

In Witness Whereof, the said parties have caused these presents to be 
executed in duplicate by their respective presidents, thereunto duly author- 
ized, and their respective corporate seals to be hereunto affixed, the day 
and year first above written. 



1897.] LEASES- 215 



Approval op Terms op Lease of the Worcester <& Shrewsbury 
Railroad to the Worcester Consolidated Street Railway 
Company. 

In the matter of the joint petition of the Worcester Consolidated 
Street Railway Company and the Worcester <& Shrewsbury Railroad 
Company for the approval by the Board, under chapter 506 of the 
Acts of 1894, of the terms of a proposed lease by and to said first- 
named company of the railroad, franchise and other property of said 
last-named company, — 

It appearing, after a public hearing, of which notice was given by 
public advertisement pursuant to the order of the Board, that such 
iease has been authorized by chapter 511 of the Acts of 1896 ; that 
the convenience of the public will be promoted by the operation of 
the railway and railroad of said respective corporations under one 
management ; that there will be no increase of capitalization or debt 
by reason of such lease ; and that the proposed rental is not exces- 
sive; 

Now, therefore, it appearing to the Board, upon the facts and for 
the reasons above stated, that the terms are reasonable and not inju- 
rious to the public interest, — it is 

Ordered^ That the terms and conditions of lease, including rates of 
fare, as set forth in the copy of indenture hereto annexed, be ap- 
proved : Provided^ however^ that such lease shall not be valid or 
binding until the said terms and conditions, set forth as aforesaid, 
have been agreed to by a majority of the directors, and by a majority 
in interest of the stockholders of each of said corporations, at meet- 
ings duly called and held for that purpose. 

Attest: Wm. J. McCullough, 

Assistant Clerk, 
July 25, 1896. 

[Copt.] 

This Indenture, made this first day of July, in the year eighteen hundred 
and ninety-six, by and between the Worcester & Shrewsbury Railroad 
Company, hereinafter called the lessor, and the Worcester Consolidated 
Street Railway Company, hereinafter called the lessee, both being cor- 
porations established under the laws of the Commonwealth of Massa- 
chusetts, — 

WITNESSETH that, Under and pursuant to the provisions of chapter 611 
of the Acts of 1896, the lessor hereby leases, demises and lets unto the 
lessee all and singular its railroad, franchise and other property of every 
description, including all rights, privileges, easements and appurtenances 
thereunto belonging, including also its rights under chapters 364 of the 
Acts of 1892 and 167 of the Acts of 1895, together with the right to demand 
and receive to the lessee^s own use all tolls, rentals, revenue, income and 



216 APPENDIX — STREET RAILWAY ORDERS. [Jan- 
profits of the demised premises ; subject, however, to the mortgage herein- 
after described. 

To Have and to Hold the same unto the lessee, its successors and 
assigns, for the term of ninety-nine years, commencing with the day of the 
date hereof. 

1. The lessor covenants that during the term of this lease it will main- 
tain its corporate organization in due form of law, and for that purpose 
will hold all necessary meetings, elect all necessary officers, and make all 
necessary records, reports and returns required by law, at its own ex- 
pense. 

2. The lessor covenants that, upon the reasonable request of the lessee, 
it will do and perform all such further acts, and will execute any and al) 
such instruments, as are necessary or proper for the due protection, preser- 
vation and full enjoyment by the lessee of all the property, rights anc 
privileges hereby demised, and for confirming, establishing and carrying 
into full effect the terms and provisions of this indenture according to iti 
true intent and meaning ; and that, in default thereof, the same may bs 
done by the lessee, its successors and assigns, or its and their lawful 
agents, in the name and as the act of the lessor ; and that the lessee maj 
use the name of the lessor in bringing or defending any suits or proceed- 
ings in law or equity which may be necessary for the purposes aforesaid 
but the lessee shall save and hold the lessor harmless and indemnified from 
and against all loss, cost, damage and expense arising therefrom 

3. The lessor covenants that the amount of its funded debt now out- 
standing is twenty-two thousand dollars and no more, consisting of five per 
cent bonds secured by a mortgage of its real and personal property dated 
May 24, 1895, and recorded in Worcester District Registry of Deeds, Book 
1474, page 508, said bonds maturing January 1, 1905; that all matured 
coupons and interest accruing on said bonds up to July 1, 1896, have been 
cancelled and paid ; and that the lessor will issue no further bonds except 
to refund or in substitution for said outstanding bonds, and not to exceed 
the amount thereof And the lessor covenants that, upon the approaching 
maturity of said outstanding bonds or of any subsequent issue of bonds in 
substitution therefor, it will, upon the request of the lessee, and subject to 
the provisions of the general laws then in force relating to the issue of 
bonds and mortgages by railroad companies, seasonably make, execute and 
issue new bonds to the same amount as that of the maturing bonds, and 
will secure the same by a mortgage of the demised premises, and will apply 
the new bonds or the proceeds thereof to the payment and cancellation of 
the maturing bonds ; and that the new bonds shall be for such period, and 
at such rate of interest (not to exceed five per cent per annum), and that 
they and the mortgage securing them shall contain such usual and neces- 
sary terms and conditions, as the lessee shall approve, subject, however, 
to the provisions of the general laws aforesaid ; and that, in case of neglect 
or failure to issue new bonds as aforesaid, the lessor will pay the maturing 
bonds according to their tenor ; and will not during the continuance of this 
lease, except as aforesaid, extend the time of payment of any of its said 
bonds without the written consent of the lessee. 

4. The lessor covenants that it has no floating indebtedness, and that all 



1897.] LEASES. 217 

of its lawful debts, and all lawful claims and demands against it, except the 
mortgage bonds aforesaid, have been fully paid and satisfied. 

5. The lessor covenants, in case the lessee deems it advisable to sell any 
part of the real estate or personal property hereby demised, to execute and 
deliver such instiniments as may be necessary to transfer its title therein to 
the vendee ; provided, the proceeds of such sale are to be applied to the 
substitution of other property of equal value, or otherwise expended to 
increase the value of other property hereby demised ; and the lessee cove- 
nants so to apply or expend the proceeds. 

6. In consideration of the premises, the lessee covenants to pay as rent 
hereunder the sum of three thousand seven hundred and fifty dollars for 
each and every year during the term of this lease, in the manner following : 
The sum of eleven hundred dollars per annum, which is the amount of the 
annual interest on the mortgage bonds aforesaid, shall be paid to the trus- 
tees named in said mortgage, or their successors, in equal semi-annual 
instalments of five hundred and fifty dollars each, on the first days of Jan- 
uary and July in each year, until the maturity of said bonds, the first pay- 
ment to be made January 1, 1897, and the interest on any subsequent issue 
of bonds made as hereinbefore provided, shall be paid in like manner. The 
balance of said annual rent shall be paid to the lessor in equal semi-annual 
instalments, on the first days of January and July in each year, the first 
payment to be made January 1, 1897. 

7. The lessee further covenants to pay all taxes and assessments what- 
soever assessed to the lessor, or upon the demised property during the term 
of this lease, including the taxes of the year 1896 ; and also assumes and 
covenants to pay all lawful debts, claims and demands (if any) outstanding 
against the lessor at the date of this lease, excepting the principal of the 
mortgage bonds aforesaid, and the principal of any bonds hereafter issued 
in substitution therefor as hereinbefore provided. 

8. The lessee from time to time, during the continuance of this lease, at 
its own cost, may make changes in the alignment, grades, gauge, and motive 
power of the demised railroad ; may alter, discontinue, or change the loca- 
tion of the stations, depots, shops, side tracks, switches, and other buildings 
and structures appurtenant to or used in connection with said railroad ; 
may lay a third rail upon the location thereof ; may acquire necessary real 
estate, and may build extensions, branches, and additional stations, struct- 
ures and equipments convenient for the operation of said railroad : Pro- 
videdy however, that no such changes, extensions, additions, or other things 
aforesaid shall be made or done except as authorized by, and subject to and 
in conformity with, the provisions and requirements of the laws of said 
Commonwealth. 

9. The lessee covenants to use and operate the demised railroad and 
property in accordance and compliance with the laws of said Common- 
wealth, to pay all cost and expense incident to the use and operation 
thereof, and to provide all cars, equipments, apparatus and structures of 
every desciiption necessary for the due operation of said railroad, in addi- 
tion to the property hereby demised. 

10. The lessee covenants that, except while temporarily prevented by 
accident, storm, or other controlling emergency, it will, either on the line 



218 APPENDIX — STREET RAILWAY ORDERS. [Jan. 

hereby demised or on its own line parallel thereto, furnish facilities and 
accommodations for public travel at least equal to those heretofore fur> 
nished upon and over said demised line ; and will not increase the single 
fare of five cents heretofore charged for the transportation of persons upon 
and over either of said lines ; and will give to any passenger paying such 
fare, who may request the same, a free transfer over any of the railway or 
railroad lines, in the city of Worcester, which now are or hereafter may be 
under the control of the lessee, similar to the free transfers which are at 
the time issued by said lessee upon other branches of its railway system in 
said city. 

11. The lessee covenants to save the lessor harmless from all suits, 
damage and expense by reason of any acts or omissions of the lessee in the 
operation, management or use of the demised premises during the continu- 
ance of this lease, and at its own expense to defend all suits that may be 
brought against the lessor or the leased property by reason of any such act 
or omission, and to pay all such sums as may be recovered as damages and 
costs in any such suit 

12 The lessee covenants to keep the demised property, and all additions 
and improvements that may be made thereto, insured for a reasonable 
amount, payable in case of loss to itself ; and the lessee may receive from 
the insurance companies any payments made in case of loss, and shall apply 
the same to restore and replace the property injured or destroyed. 

13. The lessee covenants to keep said railroad and other demised prop- 
erty in as good condition as at the inception of this lease ; and, at the 
termination of the lease, to surrender said railroad and other demised prop- 
erty, and all such property as may have been substituted therefor, in like 
good order and condition. 

14. The lessor and lessee covenant with each other that there shall be 
forthwith made a full and complete appraisal and inventory of the land, 
buildings, tracks, overhead construction, equipments and all other property 
of eveiy nature and description demised by this lease. A copy of said in- 
ventory shall be furnished to the lessor and the lessee, and the same shall 
be conclusive evidence in any and all cases in which the question of the 
value and condition of said property at the time of making this lease shall 
arise between them. The said appraisal and inventory shall be made by 
two disinterested persons, one selected by the lessor and one by the lessee, 
who in case of any dispute or disagreement may choose a third, and the 
decision of a majority shall be final. On the termination of this lease, 
whether terminated before or at the end of the term, a like appraisal and 
inventory shall be made of all the property then surrendered by the lessee 
to the lessor, including any extensions, branches, additions and improve- 
ments made by the lessee as aforesaid ; and if the property sun'endered is 
of greater or less value than the appraised value as shown by the inventory 
made at the commencement of this lease, the difference shall be adjusted 
and paid in money. The expense of making said appraisals and invento- 
ries shall be shared equally by lessor and lessee. 

15. This lease is upon the express condition that if the lessee, its succes- 
sors or assigns, fail to pay from time to time as aforesaid the interest on 
the lessor's bonded indebtedness as such interest falls due, or fail to make 



1897.] LEASES. 21& 

any semi-annual payment of rent to the lessor as hereinbefore stipulated, 
or fail to keep or perform any of the other covenants on the part of the 
lessee herein contained, and such default continues for one month after 
written notice thereof from the lessor to the lessee, then and in either case 
this lease may be terminated at the option of the lessor ; and the lessor may 
thereupon re-enter upon the demised premises, and the same have and pos- 
sess as of its former estate, without prejudice to its right of action for ar* 
rears of rent or for breach of covenants ; and upon such entry the said 
term shall cease and be ended. 

In Witness Whereof, the s^d parties have caused these presents to be 
executed in duplicate by their respective presidents, thereunto duly author- 
ized, and their respective corporate seals to be hereunto affixed, the day 
and year first above written. 



220 APPENDIX — STREET RAILWAY ORDERS. [Jan. 



ISSUES OF STOCK AND BONDS. 



Commonwealth Avenue Street Railway Company {of Newton) — In- 
crease and Issue of Capital Stocky and Market Value of New 
Shares. 

In the matter of the petition of the directors of the Commonwealth 
Avenue Street Railway Company for leave to increase the capital 
stock of said company, ander chapter 366 of the Acts of 1887, by the 
amount of $30,000, in addition to the amount of $45,000 now author- 
ized and outstanding, and for the approval by the Board, under chap- 
ter 162 of the Acts of 1894, of an issue of capital stock by said 
company to the amount of $30,000, for the purpose of building and 
equipping thiB railway of said company, and for other purposes set 
forth in said petition, — 

It appearing, after public notice and hearing, and upon an exami- 
nation of the assets and liabilities of said company, that said petition 
has been duly authorized by vote of the stockholders of said company ; 
that the proposed purposes are necessary and lawful, and consistent 
with the public interest ; that an increase of capital stock is necessary 
in order to enable said company to carry out the same in good faith ; 
and that such increase will not be beyond the value of the property 
of said company, including the cash to be paid in on such increase ; 
and 

It being deemed by the Board that an issue of capital stock to the 
amount of $20,000 is reasonably requisite for the purposes for which 
such issae is authorized, as hereinafter specified, — it is 

Ordered^ That the Board authorize and approve an increase of the 
capital stock of the said Commonwealth Avenue Street Railway 
Company by the issue, subject to the provisions of all laws applicable 
to such issue, of not to exceed 200 additional shares, amounting at 
the par value thereof to $20,000 ; the said increase, or the proceeds 
thereof, to be applied to the following purposes, and no other, 
namely : — 

1. Stock to the amount of $16,500 par value, or the proceeds 
thereof, shall be applied solely to defraying the necessary cost of 
building the roadbed and track, including underground wiring, of 
the railway of said company upon the location heretofore duly granted 



1897.] STOCK AND BOND ISSUES. 221 

to said company in the city of Newton, by order of the board of 
aldermen dated June 18, 1895. 

2. Stock to the amount of $3,500 par value, or the proceeds 
thereof, shall be applied solely to defraying the necessary cost of the 
overhead electrical construction for the operation of said railway. 

And said company having also prayed the Board to determine the 
market value of said new shares of capital stock at the time of in- 
crease, at which the said shares, to the number necessary to produce 
the amount necessary for the purposes for which such increase is 
authorized as aforesaid, shall be offered proportionally to its stock- 
holders, pursuant to the provisions of chapter 472 of the Acts of 
1894, — it is 

Ordered and determined by the Board, taking into account previous 

sales and other pertinent conditions, that said market value, for the 

purpose aforesaid, be fixed at one hundred dollars per share. 

Attest: Wm. A. Crafts, 

Clerk, 
January 10, 1896. 

Commonwealth Avenue Street Railway Company (of Newton) — Issue 

of Mortgage Bonds. 

In the matter of the petition of the Commonwealth Avenue Street 
Railway Company for the approval by the Board, under chapters 316 
of the Acts of 1889 and 462 of the Acts of 1894, of an issue of 
mortgage bonds by said company to the amount of $75,000, for the 
purpose of building and equipping the railway of said company, and 
for other purposes set forth in said petition, — 

It appearing, after public notice and hearing, and upon an exami- 
nation of the assets and liabilities of said company, and after such 
further investigation as was deemed requisite, that an issue of mort- 
gage bonds to the amount aforesaid has been authorized by the vote 
of a majority in interest of the stockholders of said company at a 
meeting called for the purpose; that the purposes for which it is 
proposed to issue said bonds are necessary and lawful; that the 
value of the constructed tracks, equipments, and other real and per- 
sonal property of said company, taken at a fair value for railway 
purposes, and excluding the value of the franchise, equals the amount 
of the capital stock outstanding and the debt ; that the amount of 
bonds proposed to be issued will not exceed the capital stock of said 
company actually paid in cash, and that such issue is consistent with 
the public interests ; and 

It being deemed by the Board that an issue of bonds to the amount 
of $65,000 is reasonably requisite for the purposes for which such 
issue is authorized, as hereinafter specified, — it is 



222 APPENDIK — STREET RAILWAY ORDERS. [Jan. 

Ordered^ That the Board approve an issue of coupon or registered 
bonds by the said Commonwealth Avenue Street Railway Company, 
subject to the provisions of all laws applicable to such issue, to an 
amount not to exceed $65,000 par value, payable at periods not 
exceeding twenty years from the date thereof, with interest at a rate 
not to exceed five per cent per annum, and secured by a mortgage of 
the railway, equipment, franchise, and other property, real and per- 
sonal, of said company ; the said bonds or the proceeds thereof to be 
applied to the following purposes, and to no other, namely : — 

1. Bonds to an amount not to exceed $9,800 par valuie, or the 
proceeds thereof, shall be applied solely to defraying the necessaiy 
cost of the overhead electrical construction for the operation of the 
railway of said company upon the location heretofore duly granted 
to said company in the city of Newton, by order of the board of 
aldermen dated June 18, 1895. 

2. Bonds to an amount not to exceed $39,400 par value, or the 
proceeds thereof, shall be applied solely to defraying the cost of the 
purchase and equipment of the rolling stock required for the opera- 
tion of the said railway. 

d. Bonds to an amount not to exceed $16,300 par value, or the 
prodeeds thereof, shall be applied solely to defraying the necessary 
oost of the purchase of land and the erection thereon of a suitable 
car house for use in the operation of the said railway. 

Provided^ that the bonds of said company issued and outstanding 
shall at no time exceed the amount of the capital stock of said com- 
pany actually paid in cash and expended in the construction and 
equipment of the railway aforesaid. 

Attest: Wm. A. Crafts, 

Clerk, 
Jaittabt 10, 1896. 

West End Street Railway Company (of Boston) — Issue of Bonds. 

In the matter of the petition of the West End Street Railway Com- 
pany for the approval by the Board, under chapter 462 of the Acts 
of 1894, of an issue of bonds by said company to the amount of 
$2,275,000, for the purpose of funding the indebtedness of said com- 
pany secured by mortgage on real estate, and of refunding certain 
bonds of said company now outstanding, — 

It appearing, after public notice and hearing, and after such fur- 
ther investigation as was deemed requisite, that an issue of bonds to 
the amount aforesaid has been authorized by the vote of a majori^ 
in interest of the stockholders of said company at a meeting called 
for the purpose ; that the purposes for which it is proposed to issue 
•aid bonds are necessary and lawful ; that the amount of bonds pro- 



1897.] STOCK AND BOND ISSUES. 223 

posed to be issued will not exceed the capital stock of said company 
actaally paid in cash, and that such issue is consistent with the pub- 
lic interests ; and 

It being deemed by the Board that an issue of bonds to the amount 
of 82,275,000 is reasonably requisite for the purposes for which such 
issue is authorized, as hereinafter specified, — it is 

Ordered J That the Board approve an issue of coupon or registered 
bonds by the said West End Street Railway Company, subject to the 
provisions of all laws applicable to' such issue, to an amount not to 
exceed $2,275,000 par value, payable at periods not exceeding twenty 
years from the date thereof, with interest at a rate not to exceed five 
per cent per annum ; the said bonds or the proceeds thereof to be 
applied to the following purposes, and to no other, namely : — 

1. Bonds to an amount not to exceed $725,000 par value, or the 
proceeds thereof, shall be applied solely to paying and funding the 
indebtedness of said company secured by mortgage on real estate, 
outstanding September 1, 1895, as follows : — 

Note secured by mortgage on Huntington Avenue land, . . f 250,000 

Note secured by mortgage on Central Power Station property, . 200,000 

Note secured by mortgage on Bartlett Street Shops property, . 150,000 

Note secured by moi*tgage on Cambridge Power House property, 80,000 

Note secured by mortgage on Blue Hill Avenue land, . . 45,000 



Total. 1725,000 

2. Bonds to an amount not to exceed $1,550,000 par value, or 
the proceeds thereof, shall be applied solely to paying, retiring and 
refunding other bonds issued or assumed by said company and out- 
standing March 1, 1895, to said amount of $1,550,000, to wit: — 

Metropolitan Railroad Co. 6 per cent bonds, due June 1, 1897, . f 500,000 
Middlesex Railroad Co. 6 percent bonds, due July 1, 1897, . 200,000 

Highland Street Railway Co. 6 per cent bonds, due January 1, 

1898, 100,000 

Cambridge Railroad Co. 5 per cent mortgage bonds, due April 

1,1903 600.000 

Charles River Street Railway Co. 5 per cent mortgage bonds. 

due April 1, 1904, 150,000 

Total f 1,560,000 

Provided^ however^ and upon the express condition that no bonds 
shall be issued to pay and fund the mortgage indebtedness aforesaid, 
cinless a mortgage note of an amount at least equal to the amount of 



224 APPENDIX — STREET RAILWAY ORDERS. [Jan. 

bonds so issued is at the same time paid and cancelled, and the mort- 
gage securing the same duly discharged ; and that no bond or bonds 
shall be issued to refund the outstanding bonds aforesaid, unless a 
bond or bonds of an amount at least equal to the amount of bonds so 
issued are at the same time paid, surrendered and cancelled ; and that 
no bonds shall be issued in excess of the actual amount necessary, 
including the premiums received thereon, to pay respectively the 
mortgage notes and bonds aforesaid. 

Attest: Wm. A. Crafts, 

Clerk 
January 10, 1896. 

Hingham Street Raihvay Company — Sale of New Shares at Auction. 

In the matter of the application of the Hingham Street Railway 
Company relative to the sale at auction of certain shares of capital 
stock of said company, which shares were authorized to be issued by 
orders of the Board dated March 18, 1895, and December 20, 1895, 
and which have been offered to the stockholders of said company as 
required by law, but some of which have not been taken by the 
stockholders entitled to take the same, — it is 

Ordered, That the shares remaining unsubscribed for as aforesaid 
be offered for sale at public auction in the city of Boston to the high- 
est bidder at not less than their par value in cash ; and that the Bos- 
ton Daily Advertiser, Boston Journal and Boston Evening Transcript 
be prescribed as the daily newspapers in which notice of the time and 
place of such sale shall be published at least five times during the ten 
days immediately preceding the sale . 

Attest: TV"m. A. Crafts, 

Clerk. 
January 23, 1896. 

Springfield Street Railway Company — Issue of Bonds. 

In the matter of the petition of the Springfield Street Railway 
Company for the approval by the Board, under chapter 462 of the 
Acts of 1894, of an issue of bonds by said company to the amount of 
$200,000, for the purpose of funding its floating debt incurred in 
construction and equipment, — 

It appearing, after a public hearing, and upon an examination of 
the assets and liabilities of said company, and after such further in- 
vestigation as was deemed requisite, that an issue of bonds to the 
amount aforesaid has been authorized by a vote of the stockholders 
of said company at a meeting called for the purpose ; that the pur- 
pose for which it is proposed to issue said bonds is necessary and 
lawful ; that the amount of bonds proposed to be issued will not ex- 



1897.] STOCK AND BOND ISSUES- 225 

ceed the capital stock of said company actually paid in cash, and 
that such issue is consistent with the public interests ; and 

It being deemed by the Board that an issue of bonds to the amount 
of $200,000 is reasonably requisite for the purpose for which such 
issue is authorized, as hereinafter specified, — it is 

Orderedy That the Board approve an issue of coupon or registered 
bonds by the said Springfield Street Railway Company, subject to 
the provisions of all laws applicable to such issue, to an amount not 
to exceed $200,000 par value, payable at periods not exceeding 
twenty years from the date thereof, with interest at a rate not to ex- 
ceed five per cent per annum ; the said bonds or the proceeds thereof 
to be applied to the following purpose, and to no other, namely : To 
paying and funding the existing floating debt of said company, 
amounting to $233,471.36, which has been incurred in the construc- 
tion and equipment of its railway, and in the purchase of real and 
personal estate necessary for the operation thereof. 

Attest: Wm. J. McCullough, 

Assistant Clerk, 
Febhvabt 6, 1896. 

Blackstone Valley Street Railway Company — Issue of Capital Stock. 

In the maAter of the petition of the directors of the Blackstone 
Valley Street Railway Company for the approval by the Board, under 
chapter 462 of the Acts of 1894, of an issue of capital stock by said 
company to the amount of $100,000, for the purpose of building and 
equipping its railway, — 

It appearing, after public notice and hearing, that said company 
has been duly organized under the general law of this Commonwealth, 
and is authorized to construct and operate a railway in the towns of 
Millbury, Sutton and Grafton on locations duly granted therein; 
that the authorized capital stock of said company is $100,000, and 
that the issue thereof is necessary in order to enable said company to 
construct and equip its said railway ; and 

It being deemed by the Board that an issue of capital stock to the 
amount of $100,000 is reasonably requisite for the purpose afore- 
said, — it is 

Orderedy That the Board approve an issue of capital stock by the 
said Blackstone Valley Street Railway Company, subject to the pro- 
visions of all laws applicable to such issue, to the amount of $100,000 ; 
the said issue, or the proceeds thereof, to be applied to the following 
purpose, and no other, namely : To defraying the necessary cost of 
building and equipping for electric power the railway tracks of said 
company upon the locations heretofore duly granted to said company 
in the towns aforesaid, including land and buildings and rolling stock 



22« APPEXDIX— STREET RAILWAY ORDERS. [Ji 



uteumj for the opentioii thereof. Tlie sham of said slock are to 
bf wofd to the mbseribeiB tlieiefor, or tbeir ■wiignii, iqMMi tlie foil 
pSTBtst €K the par ralue thereof in cash. 

Attest: Wm. A. 

FznETAsr 19, VSK, 

JfewU/m Jt Batten Street BaUway Company — /ncreaje and lame of 
Capital Stocky and Market Value ofXem Shares, 

In the matter of the petition of the diredoTB of the Newton St Bos- 
ton Street Railway Company fcft the approral by the Board, under 
ehapten 420 of the Acts of 1893, and 462 of the Acta of 1894, of mn 
iasae ot capital stock by said company to the amoont of 925,000« in 
addition to the amoont of $100,000 now aathorized and oatstandiiig, 
for the porpose of paying and capitalizing a portion of the ^J^^tii^ 
debt of said company, — 

It appearing, after public notice and hearing, that said petition has 
been doly authorized by vote of the stockholders of said company ; 
that the proposed purpose is necessary and lawful, and consistent 
with the public interest; that an increase of capital stock is neces- 
sary in order to enable said company to carry out the same in good 
faith; and • 

It being deemed by the Board that an issue of capital stock to tbe 
amount of $25,000 is reasonably requisite for the purpose for which 
such issue is authorized, as hereinafter specified, — it is 

Ordered, That the Board authorize and approve an increase of the 
capital stock of the said Newton & Boston Street Railway Company by 
the issue, subject to the provisions of all general and special laws i^ 
plicable to such issue, of not to exceed 250 additional shares, amount- 
ing at the par value thereof to $25,000 ; the said increase, or the 
proceeds thereof, to be applied to the following purpose, and no 
other, namely : To paying and capitalizing a portion of the floating 
debt of said company incurred in extending its tracks, purchasing 
new equipment, constructing a power station, and acquiring property 
to be used in connection with the operation of its railway, in accord- 
ance with the provisions of section 1 of chapter 420 of the Acts of 
1893. 

And said company having also prayed the Board to determine the 
market value of said new shares of capital stock at the time of in- 
crease, at which the said shares shall be offered proportionally to its 
stockholders, pursuant to the provisions of chapter 472 of the Acts of 
1894,— it is 

Ordered and determined by the Board, taking into account previous 



1897.1 STOCK AND BOND ISSUES. 227 



J 



sales and other pertinent conditions, that said market value, for the 

purpose aforesaid, be fixed at one hundred dollars per share. 

Ordered^ alsOy That the order of the Board dated August 4, 1893, 

authorizing an issue of capital stock by said company to the amount 

of 840,000, is hereby, with the consent of said company, revoked and 

rescinded, no stock having been issued under the same. 

Attest: Wh. A. Crafts, ^ 

Clerk, 
February 18, 1896. 

Newton & Boston Street Railway Company — Isatie of Mortgage Bonds. 

In the matter of the petition of the Newton & Boston Street Rail- 
way Company for the approval by the Board, under chapters 145 of 
the Acts of 1892 and 462 of the Acts of 1894, of an issue of mort- 
gage bonds by said company to the amount of $25,000, for the 
purpose of funding a portion of its unfunded debt, — 

It appearing, after public notice and hearing, and after such fur« 
ther investigation as was deemed requisite, that an issue of mortgage 
bonds to the amount aforesaid has been authorized by chapter 145 of 
the Acts of 1892, and by the vote of a majority in interest of the 
stockholders of said company at a meeting called for the purpose ; 
that the purpose for which it is proposed to issue said bonds is neces- 
sary and lawful ; that the amount of bonds proposed to be issued will 
not exceed the capital stock of said company actually paid and to be 
paid in cash, and that such issue is consistent with the public in- 
terests ; and 

It being deemed by the Board that an issue of bonds to the amount 
of $25,000 is reasonably requisite for the purpose for which such 
issue is authorized, as hereinafter specified, — it is 

Ordered^ That the Board approve an issue of coupon or registered 
bonds by the said Newton & Boston Street Railway Company, sub- 
ject to the provisions of all general and special laws applicable to 
such issue, to an amount not to exceed $25,000 par value, payable at 
periods not exceeding thirty years from the date thereof, with interest 
at a rate not to exceed five per cent per annum, and secured by a 
mortgage of a part or of the whole of the railway, franchise, and 
other property of said company, now owned or hereafter acquired ; 
the said bonds or the proceeds thereof to be applied to the following 
purpose, and to no other, namely : To paying and funding a portion 
of the unfunded debt of said company (including real estate mort- 
gages) incurred in extending its tracks, purchasing new equipment, 
constructing a power station, and acquiring property to be used in 
connection with the operation of its railway, in accordance with 



228 APPENDIX — STREET RAILWAY ORDERS. [Jan. 

the provisions of section one of chapter 420 of the Acts of 1893 : 
providedj that no bonds or bond shall be issued, which, with all other 
bonds outstanding, shall at any time exceed the amount of the capital 
stock of said company actually paid in cash. 

Attest: Wh. A. Crafts, 

Clerk. 
February 18, 1896. 



Norfolk Suburban Street Railway Company — Increase and Issue of 
Capital Stockj and Market Value of New Shares, 

In the matter of the petition of the directors of the Norfolk Sab- 
urban Street Railway Company for leave to increase the capital stock 
of said company, under chapter 366 of the Acts of 1887, by the 
amount of $75,000, in addition to the amount of $125,000 now au- 
thorized and outstanding, and for the approval by the Board, under 
chapter 462 of the Acts of 1894, of an issue of capital stock by said 
company to the amount of $75,000, for the purpose of paying in- 
debtedness incurred in construction, and for other purposes set forth 
in said petition, — 

It appearing, after public notice and hearing, and upon an ex- 
amination of the assets and liabilities of said company, that said 
petition has been duly authorized by vote of the stockholders of said 
company ; that the proposed purposes are necessary and lawful, and 
consistent with the public interest ; that an increase of capital stock 
is necessary in order to enable said company to carry out the same in 
good faith ; and that such increase will not be beyond the value of 
the property of said company, including the cash to be paid in on 
such increase ; and 

It being deemed by the Board, in view of the surplus earnings of 
said company, that an issue of capital stock to the amount of $62,500 
only is reasonably requisite for the purposes for which such issue is 
authorized, as hereinafter specified, — it is 

Ordered^ That the Board authorize and approve an increase of the 
capital stock of the said Norfolk Suburban Street Railway Company 
by the issue, subject to the provisions of all laws applicable to such 
issue, of not to exceed 625 additional shares, amounting at the par 
value thereof to $62,500 ; the said increase, or the proceeds thereof, 
to be applied to the following purposes, and no other, namely : — 

1. Stock to the amount of $50,000 par value, or the proceeds 
thereof, shall be applied solely to paying the indebtedness which has 
been incurred by said company in building the Mattapan branch of 
its railway in the city of Boston, and in making other permanent 
additions to construction and equipment. 



1897.] STOCKS AND BOND ISSUES. 229 

2. Stock to the amount of $12,500 par valae, or the proceeds 
thereof, shall be applied solely to compietiDg the track and overhead 
construction of the Mattapan branch ; to the purchase of additional 
rolling stock necessary for the operation of the company's railway ; 
and to the building of an additional car house. 

And said company having also prayed the Board to determine the 
market value of said new shares of capital stock at the time of in- 
crease, at which the said shares shall be offered proportionally to its 
stockholders, pursuant to the provisions of chapter 472 of the Acts 
of 1894, — it is 

Ordered and determined by the Board, taking into account previous 
sales and other pertinent conditions, that said market value, for the 
purpose aforesaid, be fixed at one hundred and ten dollars per share. 

Attest : Wm. A. Crafts, 

Clerk. 
Fbbhvabt 18. 1896. 

ElcLckstone VdUey Street Railway Company — Issue of Mortgage Bonds, 

In the matter of the petition of the Blackstone Valley Street Rail- 
way Company for the approval by the Board, under chapters 316 of 
the Acts of 1889, and 462 of the Acts of 1894, of an issue of mort- 
gage bonds by said company to the amount of 875,000, for the pur- 
pose of building and equipping the railway of said company, — 

It appearing, after public notice and hearing, and upon an exam- 
ination of the assets and liabilities of said company, and after such 
further investigation as was deemed requisite, that an issue of mort- 
gage bonds to the amount aforesaid has been authorized by the vote 
of a majority in interest of the stockholders of said company, at a 
meeting called for the purpose ; that the purposes for which it is pro- 
posed to issue said bonds are necessary and lawful ; that the value of 
the constructed tracks, equipments, and other real and personal prop- 
erty of said company, taken at a fair value for railway purposes, and 
excluding the value of the franchise, equals or exceeds the amount of 
the capital stock outstanding and the debt ; that the amount of bonds 
proposed to be issued will not exceed the capital stock of said com- 
pany actually paid in cash, and that such issue is consistent with the 
public interests ; and 

It being deemed by the Board that a present issue of bonds to the 
amount of $20,000 is reasonably requisite for the purposes for which 
such issue is authorized, as hereinafter specified, — it is 

Ordered^ That the Board approve an issue of coupon or registered 
bonds by the said Blackstone Valley Street Railway Company, sub- 
ject to the provisions of all laws applicable to such issue, to an 
amount not to exceed $20,000 par value, payable at periods not ex- 



230 APPENDIX — STREET RAILWAY ORDERS. [Jan, 



M I 



V 



eeedlDg twenty years from the date thereof, with interest at a rate 
not to exceed five per cent per annum, and secured by a mortgage of 
the railway, equipments, franchise^ and other property, real and per- 
sonal, of said company ; the said bonds or the proceeds thereof to be 
applied to the following purposes, and to no other, namely : — 

1. Bonds to an amount not to exceed $10,000 par value, or the 
proceeds thereof, shall be applied to the purchase of the necessary 
rolling stock for the operation of the railway of said company. 

2. Bonds to an amount not to exceed $5,000 par value, or the 
proceeds thereof, shall be applied to defraying the cost of generators, 
machinery and equipment for generating electric power for operating 
the railway of said company. 

8. Bonds to an amount not to exceed $5,000 par value, or the 
proceeds thereof, shall be applied to paying such necessary cost in- 
curred in constructing and equipping the railway of said company as 
is not provided for in this order and in the order of the Board, dated 
February 10, 1896, authorizing an issue of capital stock by said com- 
pany to the amount of $100,000. 

Attest: Wm. A. Crafts, 

Clerk, 
Maboh 4, 1896. 



Holyoke Street Railway Company — Increase and Issue of Capital 

Stocky and Market Value of New Shares. 

In the matter of the petition of the directors of the Holyoke Street 
Railway Company for leave to increase the capital stock of said com- 
pany, under chapter 366 of the Acts of 1887, by the amount of 
$150,000, in addition to the amount of $250,000 now authorized and 
outstanding, and for the approval by the Board, under chapter 462 
of the Acts of 1894, of an issue of capital stock by said company to 
the amount of $150,000, for the purpose of liquidating its floating 
indebtedness, and for other purposes set forth in said petition, — 

It appearing, after public notice and hearing, and upon an exam- 
ination of the assets and liabilities of said company, that said petition 
has been duly authorized by vote of the stockholders of said company ; 
that the proposed purposes are necessary and lawful, and consistent 
with the public interest ; that an increase of capital stock is necessary 
in order to enable said company to carry out the same in good faith ; 
and that such increase will not be beyond the value of the property 
of said company including the cash to be paid in on such increase ; 
and 

It being deemed by the Board that an issue of capital stock to the 
amount of $150,000 is reasonably requisite for the purposes fbr which 
such issue is authorized, as hereinafter specified, — it is 



1897.] STOCK AND BOND ISSUES. 231 

Ordered^ That the Board authorize and approve an increase of the 
capital stock of the said Holyoke Street Railway Company by the 
issue, subject to the provisions of all laws applicable to such issue, 
of not to exceed 1,500 additional shares, amounting at the par value 
thereof to $150,000 ; the said increase, or the proceeds thereof, to be 
applied to the following purposes, and no other, namely : — 

1. Stock to the amount of $108,500 par value, or the proceeds 
thereof, shall be applied solely to paying the net floating indebtedness 
of said company, amounting to $135,205.50, incurred in the con- 
struction and equipment of its railway. 

2. Stock to the amount of $33,000 par value, or the proceeds 
thereof, shall be applied solely to defraying the necessary cost of 
building and equipping for electric power a second track of the rail- 
way of said company upon its line to West Springfield. 

3. Stock to the amount of $8,500 par value, or the proceeds 
thereof, shall be applied solely to the purchase of additional rolling 
stock necessary for the operation of said company's railway. 

And said company having also prayed the Board to determine the 
market value of said new shares of capital stock at the time of in- 
crease, at which the said shares shall be offered proportionally to its 
stockholders, pursuant to the provisions of chapter 472 of the Acts of 
1894, — it is 

Ordered and determined by the Board, taking into account previous 
sales and other pertinent conditions, that said market value, for the 
purpose aforesaid, be fixed at one hundred and twenty-five dollars 
per share. Attest: Wm. A. Crafts, 

Clerk, 
Mabch 4, 1896. 

Brainiree & Weymouth Street Railway Company — Sale of New 

Shares aJt Auction, 

In the matter of the application of the Braintree & Weymouth 
Street Railway Company regarding the sale at auction of certain 
shares of the capital stock of said company, which shares were au- 
thorized to be issued by an order of the Board dated March 26, 1895, 
and which have been offered to the stockholders of said company as 
required by law, but some of which have not been taken by the stock- 
holders entitled to take the same, — it is 

Ordered^ That the shares remaining unsubscribed for as aforesaid 
be offered for sale at public auction in Arcanum Hall, at Washing- 
ton Square in the town of Weymouth, to the highest bidder at not 
less than their par value in cash ; and that the Boston Advertiser^ 
Journal and Transcript be prescribed as the daily newspapers in 



■J: 



232 APPENDIX — STREET RAILWAY ORDERS. [Jan. 

which notice of the time and place of each sale shall be published at 

least five times daring the ten days immediately preceding the sale, 

and that such notice be also published the two weeks next preceding 

the sale in the Weymouth Gazette and the Braintree Reporter, 

Attest: Wm. A. Crafts^ 

Clerk. 
Mabch 17i 1896. 



i 



Lynn & Boston {Street) Railroad Company — Increase and Issue of 
Capital Stocky and Market Value of New Shares. 

In the matter of the petition of the Lynn & Boston Railroad Com- 
pany for the approval by the Board, under chapter 462 of the Acts 
of 1894, of an issue of capital stock by said company to the amount 
of $54,000, in addition to the amount of $1,100,000 now authorized, 
for the purpose of providing means for the payment of debts, for 
building and equipping extensions of the railway of said company, 
and for other purposes set forth in said petition, — 

It appearing, after public notice and hearing, and upon investiga- 
tion by the Board, that said company was authorized, by chapter 517 
of the Acts of 1894, to increase its capital stock from time to time, by 
a vote of two-thirds in interest of its stockholders at a meeting called 
and held for that purpose, to an amount not exceeding $3,000,000 
in addition to the amount then authorized by its charter, '^ for the 
purpose of providing means for the payment of debts, building and 
extending lines and equipping the same for operation by electricity, 
and other construction purposes ; " that an increase by the amount of 
$54,000 under said act has been duly authorized by a vote of the 
stockholders passed February 1, 1896 ; that the purposes of the pro- 
posed increase appear to be within the provisions of said chapter 517 
of the Acts of 1894, and that an increase of capital stock is necessary 
in order to enable said company to carry out the same ; and 

It being deemed by the Board that an issue of capital stock to the 
amount of $40,000 is reasonably requisite for the purposes for which 
such increase has been so authorized, as hereinafter specified, — 
it is 

Ordered^ That the Board approve an increase of the capital stock 
of the said Lynn & Boston Railroad Company by the issue, subject 
to the provisions of all general and special laws applicable to such 
issue, of not to exceed 400 additional shares, amounting at the par 
value thereof to $40,000 ; the said shares, or the proceeds thereof, 
to be applied to the following purposes, and no other, namely : — 

1. To paying necessary cost of new construction, as follows : 



1897.] STOCK AND BOND ISSUES. 238 

Mystic River viaduct, second payment under St. 1892, c. 374, . . f 4,388 

New main track, as per schedule filed with petition, . . 9,313 

New and extended turnouts, as per ditto, 11,398 

New electric feed lines, as per ditto, 8,106 

New block paving, Lafayette Street, Salem, 296 

Total, 133,500 

2. To paying necessary cost of additional equipment, as follows : 

Twenty-four cars and electric equipment of same, 26 sets of snow 

scrapers, 54 sets of fenders, 58 sets of heaters and 17 registers, . f 25,933 
Sturtevant blower for Chelsea power station, 800 



Total, f26,788 

Ordered^ alao^ That the balance of the shares of capital stock, or 
proceeds thereof, authorized to be issued by the petitioner by an or- 
der of the Board dated July 3, 1895, amounting to $10,233, which 
balance the petitioner does not now desire to apply to the purposes 
in that order specified, may be applied to the purposes in this order 
specified as above. 

And said company having also prayed the Board to determine the 
market value of said new shares of capital stock at the time of in- 
crease, at which the said shares shall be offered proportionally to its 
stockholders, pursuant to the provisions of chapter 472 of the Acts of 
1 894, _ it is 

Ordered and determined by the Board, taking into account previous 
sales and other pertinent conditions, that said market value, for the 
purpose aforesaid, be fixed at one hundred and twenty-five dollars 
per share. Attest : Wm. J. McCullough, 

Assistant Clerk. 
Mabch 18, 1896. 



Lynn & Boston (Street) Railroad Company — Increase and Issue 
of Capital Stocky and Market Value of New Shares, 

In the matter of the petition of the directors of the Lynn & Boston 
Railroad Company for leave to increase the capital stock of said com- 
pany, under.chapter 543 of the Acts of 1894, by the amount of 
$58,500, in ttddition to the amount of $1,140,000 now authorized, 
and for the approval by the Board, under chapter 462 of the Acts of 
1894, of an issue of capital stock by said company to said amount of 
$58,500, for the purpose of providing means for the payment of cer- 



234 APPENDIX — STREET RAILWAY ORDERS. [Jan. 

taiD ezpenscB incarred, and to be iacnrred, in the change of its motive 
power from horse power to electric power, aa set forth in said peti- 
tioil,— 

It appearing, after public noUce and hearing, and upon an investi- 
gation by the Board, that said petition has been duly authorized by 
vote of the stockholders of said company passed February 1, 1896 ; 
that certain expenses hare been and will be incurred by aaid company 
in the change of its motive power as aforesaid, and are necessary to 
SQch change ; that an increase of capital stock for the purpose of 
paying a reasonable portion of said expenses is consistent with the 
public interests, and within the intent of said chapter 543 of the Acts 
of 1894 ; and 

It being deemed by the Boant that an issue of capital stock to the 
amount of $30,000 is reasonably requisite for the purpose for which 
such increase is authorized, as hereinafter specified, — it is 

Ordered, That the Board authorize and approve an increase of the 
capital stock of the said Lynn & Boston Railroad Company by the 
issue, subject to the provisions of all general and special laws 
applicable to such issue, of not to exceed 300 additional shares, 
amounting at the par value thereof to $30,000 ; the said shares, or 
,the proceeds thereof, to be applied to the following purpose, and no 
other, namely : — 

To defraying a portion of the necesaary cost incurred in rccon- 
■tmction incident to change from horse to electric motive power, as 
follows : 

Reconstruction of sundry tracks, as per schedule filed with the 

peddon 1^,939 

Special reconstruction work, Central Square, Maiden, . 415 

Reconstructing Wenham Horse Railway line, 29,274 

Strengthening and altering Wenham car-house for electric railway 

use 1.200 

Total 110328 

Ordered, also, That the balance of the capital stock, or proceeds 
thereof, authorized to be issued by the petitioner by an order of the 
Board dated July 5, 1895, which balance, amounting to $3,328, the 
petitioner does not now desire to apply to the purposes in that order 
specified, may be applied to the purpose herein specified as above. 

And said company having also prayed the Board to determine the 
market value of said new shares of capital stock at the time of in- 
crease, at which the said shares shall be offered proportionally to its 
Btockholders, pursuant to the provisions of chapter 472 of the Acta of 
1894, — it is 



1897.] STOCK AND BOND ISSUES. 235 

Ordered and determined by the Board, taking into accouDt previous 
sales and other pertinent conditions, that said market value, for the 
purpose aforesaid, be fixed at one hundred and twenty-five dollars 
per share. Attest, Wm. J. McCullough, 

Assistant Clerk. 
Makoh 19, 1896. 



PHtsfield Electric Street Railway Company — Increase and Issue of 

Capital Stock. 

In the matter of the petition of the Pittsfield Electric Street Rail- 
way Company for leave to increase the capital stock of said company, 
under chapter 119 of the Acts of 1896, by the amount of $40,000, in 
addition to the amount of $40,000 now authorized and outstanding, 
and for the approval by the Board, under chapter 462 of the Acts 
of 1894, of an issue of capital stock by said company to the amount of 
$40,000, for the purpose of building and equipping an extension of 
the railway of said company, — 

It appearing, after public notice and hearing, and upon an exam- 
ination of the assets and liabilities of said company, that said peti- 
tion has been duly authorized by vote of the stockholders of said 
company ; that the proposed purposes are necessary and lawful, and 
consistent with the public interest ; that an increase of capital stock 
is necessary in order to enable said company to carry out the same in 
good faith ; and that such increase will not be beyond the value of 
the property of said company, including the cash to be paid in on 
Buch increase ; and 

It being deemed by the Board that an issue of capital stock to the 
amount of $40,000 is reasonably requisite for the purpose for which 
such issue is authorized, as hereinafter specified, — it is 

Ordered^ That the Board authorize and approve an increase of the 
capital stock of the said Pittsfield Electric Street Railway Company 
by the issue, subject to the provisions of all general and special laws 
applicable to such issue, of not to exceed 400 additional shares, 
amounting at the par value thereof to $40,000 ; the said increase, or 
the proceeds thereof, to be applied to the following purpose, and no 
other, namely : To defraying the necessary cost of building and 
equipping for electric power an extension of the railway of said com- 
pany upon the location heretofore duly extended and granted to said 
company in the city of Pittsfield. 

The capital stock herein authorized to be issued may be subscribed 
and paid for in cash at par, pursuant to the provisions of chapter 472 
of the Acts of 1894. Attest : Wm. A. Crafts, 

Clerk. 
Mahcb 25, 1896. 



236 APPENDIX - STREET RAILWAY ORDERS. [Jan. 



Oreenfieid A Tvmxr's Falls Street Raiitoay Company — Issue of 
Capital Stock. 

Id the matter of the petition of the directors of the Greenfield & 
Turner's Falls Street Railwa; Company for the approval b; tiie 
Board, under chapter 462 of the Acts of 1894, of an issue of capital 
stock by said company to the amount of $50,000, for the purpose of 
building and equipping the railway of said company as authorized in 
its certificate of incorporation, — 

It appearing, after public notice and hearing, that said petition has 
been duly aathorized by vote of the stockholders of said company ; 
that the proposed purpose is necessary and lawful, and consistent 
with the public interest ; that an issue of capital stock ie necessary 
in order to enable said company to carry out the same in good faith ; 
and 

It being deemed by the Board that an issue of capital stock to the 
amount of $50,000 is reasonably requisite for the purpose for which 
such issne is authorized as aforesaid, — it is 

Ordered, That the Board approve the issue by the said Greenfield 
& Turner's Falls Street Railway Company, subject to the provisions 
of all laws applicable to such issue, of not to exceed 500 shares of 
capital stock, amounting at the par value thereof to $50,000 ; the 
said shares, or the proceeds thereof, to be applied to the following 
purpose, and no other, namely : To defraying the necessary cost of 
building and equipping for electric power the railway of sfdd compiuiy 
upon the locations heretofore duly granted to said company in tbe 
towns of Greenfield, Deerfield and Montague. Said shares are to be 
issued to the subscribere to the capital stock of said company, or 
their assigns, upon full cash payment of the par value thereof. 

Any issue of stook heretofore made by said company, within and 
in accordance with tbe terms of this order, is hereby ratified and 
confirmed. Attest: Wh. A. Cbafts, 

Oerk. 
ApBiL 3, 1896. 



Montague Street BaUway Company — Issue of Capital Stock. 
In the matter of the petition of the directors of the Montagne 
Street Railway Company for the approval by the Board, under chap- 
ter 462 of the AcU of 1894, of an issue of capital stock by said com- 
pany to the amount of $40,000, for the purpose of building and 
equipping the railway of said company as authorized in its cerUficate 
of inoorporatioQ, — 



1897.] STOCK AND BOND ISSUES. 237 

It appearing, after public notice and hearing, that said petition has 
been duly authorized by vote of the stockholders of said company ; 
that the proposed purpose is necessary and lawful, and consistent 
with the public interest ; that an issue of capital stock is necessary in 
order to enable said company to carry out the same in good faith ; 
and 

It being deemed by the Board that an issue of capital stock to the 
amount of $40,000 is reasonably requisite for the purpose for which 
such issue is authorized as aforesaid, — it is 

Ordered J That the Board approve the issue by the said Montague 
Street Railway Company, subject to the provisions of all laws appli- 
cable to such issue, of not to exceed 400 shares of capital stock, 
amounting at the par value thereof to $40,000 ; the said shares, or 
the proceeds thereof, to be applied to the following purpose, and no 
other, namely : To defraying the necessary cost of building and equip- 
ping for electric power the railway of said company upon the location 
heretofore duly granted to said company in the town of Montague. 
Said shares are to be issued to the subscribers to the capital stock of 
said company, or their assigns, upon full cash payment of the par 
value thereof. 

Any issue of stock heretofore made by said company, within and 
in accordance with the terms of this order, is hereby ratified and 

confirmed. Attest: Wm. A. Crafts, 

Clerk. 
Apbil 3, 1896. 



PitUfield Electric Street Railway Company — Issvs of Mortgage Bonds. 

In the matter of the petition of the Pittsfield Electric Street Rail- 
way Company for the approval by the Board, under chapters 119 of 
the Acts of 1896 and 462 of the Acts of 1894, of an issue of mort- 
gage bonds by said company to the amount of $35,000, for the pur- 
pose of building and equipping an extension of the railway of said 
company, — 

It appearing, after public notice and hearing, and upon an exam- 
ination of the assets and liabilities of said company, and after such 
further investigation as was deemed requisite, that an issue of mort- 
gage bonds to the amount aforesaid has been authorized by chapter 
119 of the Acts of 1896, and by the vote of a majority in interest of 
the stockholders of said company at a meeting called for the purpose ; 
that the purposes for which it is proposed to issue said bonds are 
necessary and lawful ; that the value of the constructed tracks, equip- 
ments, and other real and personal property of said company, taken 
at a fair value for railway purposes, and excluding the value of the 



238 APPENDIX — STREET RAILWAY ORDERS. [Jan. 

franchise, equals or exceeds the amoant of the capital stock oatstand- 
ing and the debt ; that the amount of bonds proposed to be issued 
will not exceed the capital stock of said company actually paid in 
cash, and that such issue is consistent with the public interests ; and 

It being deemed by the Board that an issue of bonds to the amount 
of $35,000 is reasonably requisite for the purposes for which such 
issue is authorized, as hereinafter specified, — it is 

Ordered^ That the Board approve an issue of coupon or registered 
bonds by the said Pittsfield Electric Street Railway Company, sub- 
ject to the provisions of all general and special laws applicable to 
such issue, to an amount not to exceed $35,000 par value, payable at 
periods not exceeding twenty years from the date thereof, with inter- 
est at a rate not to exQeed five per cent per annum, and secured by a 
mortgage of a part or of the whole of the railway, equipments, fran- 
chise, and other property, real and personal, of said company, now 
owned or hereafter acquired ; the said bonds or the proceeds thereof 
to be applied to the following purposes, and to no other, namely : — 

1. Bonds to an amount not to exceed $12,000 par value, or the 
proceeds thereof, shall be applied to defraying the necessary cost of 
building and equipping for electric power an extension of the railway 
of said company upon the locations heretofore duly extended and 
granted to said company in the city of Pittsfield and in the town of 
Dalton. 

2. Bonds to an amount not to exceed $15,000 par value, or the 
proceeds thereof, shall be applied to the purchase of such additional 
rolling stock as may be necessary for the operation of the railway of 
said company, including the aforesaid extension. 

3. Bonds to an amount not to exceed $8,000 par value, or the 
proceeds thereof, shall be applied to the purchase of land and the 
erection and equipment of a car bouse necessary for the operation of 
the railway of said company, including the aforesaid extension. 

Attest: Wm. A. Crafts, 

Clerk, 
April 9, 1896. 



Haverhill J Georgetown & Danvers Street Railway Company — Issue 
and Increase of Capital Stocky and Market Value of New Shares, 

In the matter of the petitions of the Haverhill, Georgetown & Dan- 
vers Street Railway Company, and of the directors thereof, for 
authority to issue the original capital stock of said company, fixed at 
$10,000, and to increase the said capital stock by the amount of 
$50,000, and to issue the same, under chapters 366 of the Acts of 
1887, 384 of the Acts of 1893, and 462 of the Acts of 1894, for the 
purpose of building and equipping the railway of said company, — 



1897.] STOCK AND BOND ISSUES. 239 

It appearing, after public notice and hearing, and upon an exami- 
nation of the assets and liabilities of said company, that said petitions 
have been duly authorized by votes of the stockholders of said com- 
pany; that the proposed purposes are necessary and lawful, and 
consistent with the public interest; that an issue and increase of 
capital stock are necessary in order to enable said company to carry 
out the same in good faith ; and that such issue and increase will not 
be beyond the value of the property of said company, including the 
cash to be paid in on such increase ; and 

It being deemed by the Board that an issue of capital stock to the 
amount of $60,000 is reasonably requisite for the purposes for which 
such issue is authorized, as hereinafter specified, — it is 

Ordered^ That the Board authorize and approve an issue and in- 
crease, subject to the provisions of all general and special laws ap- 
plicable to such issue and increase, of the capital stock of the said 
Haverhill, Georgetown & Dan vers Street Railway Company to an 
amount not to exceed in the whole 600 shares, amounting at the par 
value thereof to $60,000 ; the said stock, or the proceeds thereof, to 
be applied to the following purposes, and no other, namely : — 

1. Stock to the amount of $45,000 par value, or the proceeds 
thereof, shall be applied solely to defraying the necessary cost of 
building and equipping for overhead electric power the railway of 
said company upon locations hetetofore duly granted to said company 
in the towns of Bradford, Groveland and Georgetown. 

2. Stock to the amount of $10,700 par value, or the proceeds 
thereof, shall be applied solely to the purchase and equipment of 
rolling stock necessary for the operation of said railway. 

3. Stock to the amount of $4,300 par value, or the proceeds 
thereof, shall be applied solely to the purchase of land and the erec- 
tion thereon of a car house necessary for the operation of said railway. 

In case said company shall build and equip as aforesaid less than 
5.63 miles of railway, including turnouts, the several amounts of 
stock to be issued as above shall be proportionately reduced. 

And said company having also prayed the Board to determine the 
market value of said new shares of capital stock at the time of in- 
crease, at which the said shares shall be offered proportionally to its 
stockholders, pursuant to the provisions of chapter 472 of the Acts 
of 1894, — it is 

Ordered and determined by the Board that said market value, for 

the purpose aforesaid, be fixed at one hundred dollars per share. 

Attest: Wh. A. Crafts, 

Clerk. 
Apkil 10, 1896. 



240 APPENDIX — STREET RAILWAY ORDERS. [Jan. 



I' 



Mystic Valley Street Railway Company — Issue of Capital Stock, 

In the matter of the petition of the directors of the Mystic Valley 
Street Railway Company for the approval by the Board, under chap- 
ter 462 of the Acts of 1894, of an issue of capital stock by said com- 
pany to the amount of $40,000, for the purpose of building and 
equipping the railway of said company, — 

It appearing, after public hearing, that said petition has been duly 
authorized by vote of the stockholders of said company ; that said 
company has been recently incorporated under the general law, with 
an authorized capital stock of $40,000, for the purpose of construct- 
ing and operating a street railway ; that an issue of capital stock is 
necessary in order to enable said company to carry out the said pur- 
pose; and 

It being deemed by the Board that an issue of capital stock to the 
amount of $40,000 is reasonably requisite for the purpose for which 
such issue is authorized, as hereinafter specified, — it is 

Ordered^ That the Board authorize and approve the issue by the 
said Mystic Valley Street Railway Company, subject to the provi- 
sions of all laws applicable to such issue, of not to exceed 400 shares 
of its capital stock, amounting at the par value thereof to $40,000 ; 
the said stock, or the proceeds thereof, to be applied to the following 
purpose, and no other, namely : To defraying the necessary cost of 
building and equipping for electric power the railway of said company 
upon the locations heretofore duly granted to said company in the 
towns of Stoneham and Winchester, and of providing the rolling stock 
and all other equipment necessary for the operation thereof. 

The said shares are to be issued to the subscribers to the capital 

stock of said company upon the full payment of the par value thereof 

in cash ; and in case less than three and one-fourth miles of railway 

are built and equipped as aforesaid, the amount of stock to be issued 

as above shall be reduced proportionately. 

Attest: Wm. A. Crafts, 

Clerk. 
Apbil 14, 1896. 



Quincy A Boston Street Railway Company — Increase and Issue of 
Capital Stocky and Market Value of New Shares. 

In the matter of the petition of the directors of the Quincy & 
Boston Street Railway Company for leave to increase the capital 
stock of said company, under chapter 866 of the Acts of 1887, by 
the amount of $165,000, in addition to the amount of $800,000 now 
authorized and outstanding, and for the approval by the Board, under 
chapter 462 of the Acts of 1894, of an issue of capital stock by said 



1897.] STOCK AND BOND ISSUES. 241 

oompany to the amoant of $165,000, for the purpose of bailding and 
equipping extensions of the railway of said company, and for other 
purposes set forth in said petition, — 

It appearing, after public notice and hearing, and upon an exami- 
nation of the assets and liabilities of said company, that said petition 
has been duly authorized by vote of the stockholders of said com- 
pany; that the proposed purposes are necessary and lawful, and 
consistent with the public interest ; that an increase of capital stock 
is necessary in order to enable said company to carry out the same in 
good faith ; and that such increase will not be beyond the value of 
the property of said company including the cash to be paid in on such 
increase ; and 

It being deemed by the Board that an issue of capital stock to the 
amount of $120,000 is reasonably requisite for the purposes for which 
Boch issue is authorized, as hereinafter specified, — it is 

Ordered^ That the Board authorize and approve an increase of the 
capital stock of the said Quincy & Boston Street Railway Company 
by the issue, subject to the provisions of all laws applicable to such 
issue, of not to exceed 1,200 additional shares, amounting at the par 
value thereof to $120,000 ; the said increase, or the proceeds thereof, 
to be applied to the following purposes, and no other, namely : — 

1. Stock to the amount of $10,100 par value, or the proceeds 
thereof, shall be applied solely to defraying the necessary cost of 
bailding and equipping for electric power an extension of the railway 
of said company upon the location heretofore duly extended and 
granted to said company in the town of Weymouth to the Hingham 
line, known as the East Weymouth extension. 

2. Stock to the amount of $54,100 par value, or the proceeds 
thereof, shall be applied solely to paying and capitalizing the floating 
debt of said company, amounting to $65,000, which has been incurred 
in the construction of its railway and in permanent additions to its 
real and personal property and equipment. 

3. Stock to the amount of $14,500 par value, or the proceeds 
thereof, shall be applied solely to the purchase and equipment of ad- 
ditional rolling stock necessary for the operation of the railway of 
said company, including said extension. 

4. Stock to the amount of $17,500 par value, or the proceeds 
thereof, shall be applied solely to defraying the necessary cost of in- 
creasing the capacity of the boilers, engines, generatoi^s, and other 
machinery, apparatus and appliances of the power plant of said com- 
pany, for the generation of electric power for railway operation. 

5. Stock to the amount of $14,000 par value, or the proceeds 
thereof, shall be applied solely to paying the cost of reconstructing 
five miles of track on Hancock and Washington streets, with 58- 



242 APPENDIX — STREET RAILWAY ORDERS. [Jan. 

poand T rail ; the difference only between the coat of the propoeed 
new constmction and the cost of new constmction like that now ex- 
isting, to be so paid. 

6. Stock to the amoant of $9,800 par value, or the proceeds 
thereof, shall be applied solely to the purchase of additional land and 
the building of a brick addition to the car house of said company in 
Quincy. 

And said company having also prayed the Board to determine the 
market value of said new shares of capital stock at the time of in- 
crease, at which the said shares sball be offered proportionally to its 
stockholders, pursuant to the provisions of chapter 472 of the Acts of 
1894, — it is 

Ordered and determined by the Board, taking into account previooa 

sales and other pertinent conditions, that said market value, for the 

purpose aforesaid, be fixed at one hundred and twenty dollars per 

share. Attest: Wm. A. Crafts, 

Clerk. 
April 15, 1896. 



Greenfield & Turner* 8 Falls Street Railway Company — Increase and 
Issue of Capital Stocky and Market Value of New Shares. 

In the matter of the petition of the directors of the Greenfield & 
Turner's Falls Street Railway Company for authority to Increase the 
capital stock of said company, under chapters 366 of the Acts of 1887 
and 105 of tbe Acts of 1896, by the amofint of $50,000, in addition 
to the amount of $50,000 now authorized and outstanding, and for 
the approval by the Board, under chapter 462 of the Acts of 1894, of 
an issue of capital stock by said company to the amount of $50,000, 
for the purpose of purchasing the railway and property of the Mon- 
tague Street Railway Company, and for other purposes set forth in 
said petition, — 

It appearing, after public notice and hearing, and upon an exam- 
ination of the assets and liabilities of said first-named company, that 
said increase has been duly authorized by said chapter 105 of the 
Acts of 1896, and by the vote of a majority in interest of the stock- 
holders of said company ; that the proposed purposes are necessary 
and lawful, and consistent with the public interest ; that an increase 
of capital stock is necessary in order to enable said company to carry 
out the same in good faith ; and that such increase will not be beyond 
the value of the property of said company including the cash to be 
paid in on such increase ; and 

It being deemed by the Board that an issue of capital stock to the 
amount of $50,000 is reasonably requisite for the purposes for which 
such issue is authorized, as hereinafter specified, — it is 



1897.] STOCK AND BOND ISSUES. 243 

Ordered^ That the Board authorize and approve an increase of 
the capital stock of the said Greenfield & Turner's Falls Street Rail- 
way Company by the issue, subject to the provisions of all laws 
applicable to such issue, of not to exceed 500 additional shares, 
amounting at the par value thereof to $50,000 ; the said increase, or 
the proceeds thereof, to be applied to the following purposes, and no 
other, namely : — 

1. Stock to the amount of $40,000 par value, or the proceeds 
thereof, shall be applied solely to providing the money required for 
the purchase of the railway and property of the said Montague Street 
Railway Company, to wit, the sum of $40,000 in cash, which sum is 
to be paid to said last-named company, or to the stockholders thereof, 
in accordance with the terms of purchase and sale approved by the 
Boai*d by its order of even date herewith. • 

2. Stock to the amount of $10,000 par value, or the proceeds 
thereof, shall be applied solely to paying the floating debt of the said 
Montague Street Railway Company, outstanding at the time of the 
purchase aforesaid, and to be assumed by said purchasing company 
in accordance with the terms of purchase and sale approved by the. 
Board as aforesaid. 

And said company having also prayed the Board to determine the 
market value of said new shares of capital stock at the time of in- 
crease, at which the said shares shall be offered proportionally to its 
stockholders, pursuant to the provisions of chapter 472 of the Acts of 
1894, — it is 

Ordered and determined by the Board, taking into account previous 

sales and other pertinent conditions, that said market value, for the 

purpose aforesaid, be fixed at one hundred dollars per share. 

Attest: Wm. A. Crajts, 

Ckrk. 
Mat 8, 1896. 

Gfreenjield & Turner's Falls Street Railway Company — Issue of 

Mortgage Bonds, 

In the matter of the petition of the Greenfield & Turner's Falls 
Street Railway Company for the authorization and approval by the 
Board, under chapters 316 of the Acts of 1889, 462 of the Acts of 
1894, and 105 of the Acts of 1896, of an issue of mortgage bonds by 
said company to the amount of $100,000, for the purpose of purchas- 
ing the railway and property of the Montague Street Railway Com- 
pany, funding its own floating debt, and for other purposes set forth 
in said petition, — 

It appearing, after public notice and hearing, and upon an exami- 
nation of the assets and liabilities of said company, and after such 



244 APPENDIX — STREET RAILWAY ORDERS. [Jan. 

further mvestigation as was deemed requisite, that an issue of mort- 
gi^e boDds to the amount aforesaid has been aathorized b; said 
chapter 105 of the Acts of 1896, and by the vote of a majority in in- 
terest of ibe fitockholders of said company at a meeting called for 
the purpose ; that the purposes for which it is proposed to issue said 
bonds are necessary and lawful ; that the value of the conBtrncted 
tracks, equipments, and other real and personal property of said com- 
pany, taken at a fair value for railway purposes, and excluding the 
value of the franchise, eqnals or exceeds the amount of the capital 
stock outstandiug and the debt ; that the amount of bonds proposed 
to be issued will not exceed the capital stock of said company actu- 
ally paid in cash, and that such iBsne is consistent with the public in- 
terests; and 

It being deemed by the Board that an issue of bonds to the amount 
of $100,000 is reasonably requisite for the purposes (or which such 
issue is authorized, as hereinafter specified, — it is 

Ordered, That the Board approve an issue of coupon or registered 
bonds by the said Greenfield & Turner's Falls Street Railway Com- 
pany, subject to the provisions of all laws applicable to such issue, to 
an amount not to exceed SlOO,000 par value, payable at periods not 
exceeding twenty years from the date thereof, with interest at a rate 
not to exceed five per cent per annum, and secured by a mortgage of 
a part or of the whole of its railway, equipments, franchise, and other 
property, real and personal ; the said bonds or the proceeds thereof 
to be applied to the following purposes, and to no other, namely : — 

1. Bonds to an amount not to exceed $28,000 par valu; , or the 
proceeds thereof, shall be applied solely to paying the floating debt 
of the Montague Street Railway Company outstanding at the time of 
the purchase of its railway and property by the petitioner, and to be 
assumed by the petitioner in accordance with the terms of purchase 
approved by the Board by its order of even date herewith, 

2. Bonds to an amount not to exceed $68,000 par valae, or the 
proceeds thereof, shall be applied solely to funding the existing 
floating debt of said petitioning company, which has been incurred in 
the constrnction of its railway, and in the purchase of real and per- 
sonal estate necessary for the operation thereof. 

S. Bonds to an amount not to exceed $4,000 par value, or the 
proceeds thereof, shall be applied solely to the purchase and equip- 
ment of additional rolling stock necessary for the operation of said 
company's railway. 

Provided, however. That no bonds shall be issued, which, with 
bonds previously issued, shall exceed in all the outstanding capit&l 
stock of the company at the time actually paid in cash. 

Attest: Wm, A. Crafts, 

M»T S, 1898. Clerk. 



1897.] STOCK AND BOND ISSUES. 245 



Hanover Street Railway Company — Increase and Issue of Capital 

Stocky and Market Value of New Shares. 

In the matter of the petition of the directors of the Hanover Street 
Railway Company for leave to increase the capital stock of said com- 
pany, under chapter 366 of the Acts of 1887, by the amount of 
$80,000, in addition to the amount of $20,000 now authorized, and 
for the approval by the Board, under chapter 462 of the Acts of 
1894, of an issue of capital stock by said company to the amount 
of $50,000, including such increase, for the purpose of building and 
equipping the railway of said company, — 

It appearing, after public notice and hearing, and upon an exami- 
nation of the assets and liabilities of said company, that said petition 
has been duly authorized by vote of the stockholders of said com- 
pany ; that the proposed purposes are necessary and lawful, and con- 
sistent with the public interest ; that an increase of capital stock is 
necessary in order to enable said company to carry out the same in 
good faith ; and that such increase will not be beyond the value of 
the property of said company, including the cash to be paid in on 
such increase ; and 

It being deemed by the Board that an issue of capital stock to the 
amount of $50,000, including such increase, is reasonably requisite 
for the purpose for which such issue is authorized, as hereinafter 
specified, — it is 

Ordered^ That the Board authorize and approve an increase of the 
capital stock of the said Hanover Street Railway Company by an 
amount not to exceed $30,000, in addition to the amount of $20,000 
now authorized, and also the issue by said company, subject to the 
provisions of all laws applicable to such issue, of not to exceed in all 
500 shares of capital stock, including said increase, amounting at the 
par value thereof to $50,000 ; the said increase and issue, or the pro- 
ceeds thereof, to be applied to the following purpose, and no other, 
namely : To defraying the necessary cost of building and equipping 
for electric power, including the necessary buildings and rolling 
stock, the railway of said company upon the locations heretofore duly 
granted to said company in the towns of Hanover and Norwell. 

Provided^ however^ that, if said company builds and equips as 
aforesaid less than five miles of main railway track, the amount of 
capital stock issued by said company shall be proportionately reduced. 

And said company having also prayed the Board to determine the 
market value of said new shares of capital stock at the time of in- 
crease, at which the said shares shall be ofi^ered proportionally to its 
stockholders, pursuant to the provisions of chapter 472 of the Acts of 
1894, — it is 






246 APPENDIX — STREET RAILWAY ORDERS. [Jao. 

Ordered and determined by the Board, taking into account previoos 
sales and other pertinent conditions, that said market valae, for the 
purpose aforesaid, be fixed at one hundred dollars per share. 

Attest: Wm. A. Crafts, 

Clerk. 
Mat 18, 1896. 



Lynn & Boston (Street) Railroad Company — Increase and Issue of 
Capital Stocky and Market Value of New Shares. 

In the matter of the petition of the Lynn & Boston Railroad Com- 
pany for the approval by the Board, under chapter 462 of the Acts 
of 1894, of an issue of capital stock by said company to the amount 
of $89,700, in addition to the amount of €1,170,000 now outstanding 
or authorized, for the purpose of providing means for the further 
equipment of the railway of said company, and for other purposes 
set forth in said petition, — 

It appearing, after public notice and hearing, and upon investiga- 
tion by the Board, that said company was authorized, by chapter 517 
of the Acts of 1894, to increase its capital stock from time to time, 
by a vote of two-thirds in interest of its stockholders at a meet- 
ing called and held for that purpose, to an amount not exceeding 
$3,000,000 in addition to the amount then authorized by its charter, 
*^ for the purpose of providing means for the payment of debts, 
building and extending lines and equipping the same for operation 
by electricity, and other construction purposes ; " that an increase by 
the amount of $89,700 under said act has been duly authorized by a 
vote of the stockholders passed February 1, 1896 ; that the purposes 
of the proposed, increase appear to be within the provisions of said 
chapter 517 of the Acts of 1894, and that an increase of capital stock 
is necessary in order to enable said company to carry out the same ; 
and 

It being deemed by the Board that an issue of capital stock to the 
amount of $50,800 is reasonably requisite for the pur|)08es for which 
such increase has been so authorized, as hereinafter specified, — it is 

Ordered, That the Board approve an increase of the capital stock 
of the said Lynn & Boston Railroad Company by the issue, subject 
to the provisions of all general and special laws applicable to such 
issue, of not to exceed 508 additional shares, amounting at the par 
value thereof to $50,800 ; the said shares, or the proceeds thereof, to 
be applied to the following purpose, and no other, namely : — 

To paying the actual and necessary cost of the following additional 
equipment for the operation of the railway of said company : 20 
open 10-bench cara, 58 Peckham motor trucks, 31 General Electric 



1897.] STOCK AND BOND ISSUES. 247 

800 doable equipmeDts, 2 bdow ploughs, electric headlights for 450 
cars, 242 sets of car fenders, and six sets of car scrapers. 

And said company having also prayed the Board to determine the 
market value of said new shares of capital stock at the time of in- 
crease, at which the said shares shall be offered proportionally to its 
stockholders, pursuant to the provisions of chapter 472 of the Acts 
of 1894,— it is 

Ordered and determined by the Board, taking into account previous 
sales and other pertinent conditions, that said market value, for the 
purpose aforesaid, be fixed at one hundred and twenty-five dollars 
per share. 

Attest: Wm. A. Crafts, 

Clerk. 
Mat 18, 1896. 



Xynn & Boston (Street) Railroad Company — Increase and Issue of 
Capital Stocky ayid Market Value of New Shares. 

In the matter of the petition of the directors of the Lynn & Boston 
Railroad Company for leave to increase the capital stock of said 
company, under chapter 543 of the Acts of 1894, by the amount of 
$90,300, in addition to the amount of $1,220,800 now outstanding or 
authorized, and for the approval by the Board, under chapter 462 of 
the Acts of 1894, of an issue of capital stock by said company to said 
amount of $90,300, for the purpose of providing means for the pay- 
ment of certain expenses to be incurred in the change of its motive 
power from horse power to electric power, as set forth in said peti- 
tion, — 

It appearing, after public notice and hearing, and upon an investi- 
gation by the Board, that said petition has been duly authorized by 
vote of the stockholders of said company passed February 1, 1896; 
that certain expenses will be incurred by said company in the change 
of its motive power as aforesaid, and are necessary to such change ; 
that an increase of capital stock for the purpose of paying a reason- 
able portion of said expenses is consistent with the public interests, 
and within the intent of said chapter 543 of the Acts of 1894 ; and 

It being deemed by the Board that an issue of capital stock to the 
amount of $45,200 is reasonably requisite for the purpose for which 
such increase is authorized, as hereinafter specified, — it is 

Ordered^ That the Board authorize and approve an increase of the 
capital stock of the said Lynn & Boston Railroad Company by the 
issue, subject to the provisions of all general and special laws appli- 
cable to such issue, of not to exceed 452 additional shares, amount- 
ing, at the par value thereof, to $45,200 ; the said shares, or the 



i 
1 



r*i 



I 



248 APPENDIX — STREET RAILWAY ORDERS. [Jan. 

proceeds thereof, to be applied to the foUowing purpose, and no 
other, namely : — 

To defraying a portion of the actual and necessary cost to be in- 
curred in reconstruction incident to change from horse to electric 
motive power, as follows : — 

1. Reconstruction with heavier material and more substantial 
work, as required for electric operation, of certain tracks, curves, 
turnouts, switches, frogs, railroad crossings, and other special con- 
struction, in the cities of Beverly, Chelsea, Lynn, Maiden and Salem, 
and in the towns of Danvers, Marblehead, Revere, Saugus and Stone- 
ham, as per schedule and detailed description contained in a report 
(pages 1 to 4) of Gilbert Hodges, consulting engineer, dated May 
11, 1896, on file in this office with the petition in this case. Allowed 
cost not to exceed $52,650. 

2. Reconstruction of 29 horse cars into electric cars. Allowed 
cost not to exceed $3,850. 

And said company having also prayed the Board to determine the 
market value of said new shares of capital stock at the time of in- 
crease, at which the said shares shall be offered proportionally to its 
stockholders, pursuant to the provisions of chapter 472 of the Acts of 
1894, — it is 

Ordered and determined by the Board, taking into account previous 
sales and other pertinent conditions, that said market value, for the 
purpose aforesaid, be fixed at one hundred and twenty-five dollars 
per share. 

Attest: Wm. A. Crafts, 

Clerk, 
May 19, 1896. 



Norfolk Suburban Street Railway Company — Sale of New Shares at 

Auction, 

In the matter of the application of the Norfolk Suburban Street 
Railway Company regarding the sale at auction of certain shares of 
the capital stock of said company which were authorized to be issued 
by an order of the Board dated February 18, 1896, and which have 
been offered to the stockholders of said company as required by law, 
but some of which have not been taken by the stockholders entitled 
to take the same, — it is 

Ordered^ That the shares remaining unsubscribed for as aforesaid 
be offered for sale at public auction in the city of Boston, to the high- 
est bidder at not less than their par value in cash; and that the 
Boston Advertiser^ Journal and Transcript be prescribed as the dally 



1897.] STOCK AND BOND ISSUES. 249 

newspapers in which notice of the* time and place of such sale shall 
be published at least five times during the ten days immediately pre- 
ceding the sale. 

Attest: Wm. A. Cbafts, 

Clerk, 
Mat 27, 1896. 

Woburn & Reading Street Railway Company — Issue and Increase 
of Capital Stocky and Market Value of New Shares. 

In the matter of the petitions of the directors of the Woburn & 
Reading Street Railway Company for authority, under chapters 366 
of the Acts of 1887 and 462 of the Acts of 1894, to issue the original 
capital stock of said company, to wit, $50,000, as fixed by its certif- 
icate of incorporation under the general law, and also to increase 
said capital stock by the amount of $10,000, and to issue the same, 
so that its capital stock shall amount in the whole to $60,000, for the 
purpose of building and equipping the railway of said company, — 

It appearing, after public notice and hearing, that said petitions 
have been duly authorized by votes of the stockholders of said com- 
pany ; that the proposed purpose is necessary and lawful, and con- 
sistent with the public interest ; that an issue and increase of capital 
stock are necessary in order to enable said company to carry out the 
same in good faith ; and 

It being deemed by the Board that an issue of capital stock to the 
amount of $60,000 is reasonably requisite for the several purposes 
for which such issue is authorized, as hereinafter specified, — it is 

Ordered^ That the Board authorize and approve an increase and 
issue of the capital stock of the said Woburn & Reading Street Rail- 
way Company to an amount not to exceed in the whole $60,000 ; the 
said increase and issue, or the proceeds thereof, to be applied to the 
following purposes, and no other, namely : — 

1. Stock to the amount of $36,100 par value, or the proceeds 
thereof, shall be applied solely to defraying the necessary cost of 
building the roadbed and track of the railway of said company upon 
the locations heretofore duly granted to said company in the city of 
Woburn and town of Reading, and now in force. 

2. Stock to the amount of $9,900 par value, or the proceeds thereof, 
shall be applied solely to defraying the necessary cost of constructing 
the overhead electric system of motive power required for operating 
said railway. 

3. Stock to the amount of $4,500 par value, or the proceeds 
thereof, shall be applied solely to the purchase of land and the erec- 
tion and equipment thereon of a car honse necessary for the operation 
of said railway. 



250 APPENDIX — STREET RAILWAY ORDERS. [Jan. 

4. Stock to the amouDt of t9-,500 par value, or tbe proceeds 
thereof, shall be applied solely to the puicliase and electrical equip- 
ment of the rolling stock neccBsarj for the operation of said railway. 

Provided, however, that if less than 4.35 miles of main railway 
track are built and equipped by eaid company as aforesaid, the 
several amouots above specified shall be proportionately redaced. 

And said company having also prayed the Board to determioe tlie 
market value of said new eharee oF capital stock at the time of in- 
crease, at which the said shares shall be offered proportioually to its 
stockholders, pnrauant to the provisions of chapter 472 of the Acts 
of 1894, — it is 

Ordered and determined by the Board that said market value, for 
the purpose aforesaid, be fixed at one hundred dollars per share. 
Attest: Wh. A. Gbaits, 

Clerk. 

Jdnb 10, 1896. 

RockpOTt Street Railway Company — Issue of Capital Stock. 

In the matter of the petition of the Rockport Street Railway Com- 
pany for the approval by tbe Board, under chapter 462 of the Acts of 
1894, of an issue of capital stock by said company to the amouut of 
f 125,000, for the purpose of building and equipping the railway of 
said company, — 

It appearing, after public notice and hearing, that said company 
has been recently organized under the general law with an authorized 
capital stock of $125,000; that the issue of said capital stock has 
been authorized by vote of the stockholders of said company ; that 
the proposed purpose is necessary and lawful, and consistent with tbe 
public interest ; that an issue of capital stock is necessary in order to 
eoable said coni[iany to carry out the same in good faith ; and 

It being deemed by the Board that an issue of capital stock to the 
amount of $100,000 is reasonably requisite for the present purposes 
for which such issue is authorized, as hereinafter speciBed, — it is 

Ordered, That the Board authorize and approve the issue by the 
said Rockport Street Railway Company, subject to the provisions of 
all laws applicable to such issue, of not to exceed 1,000 sh.ires of its 
capital stock, amounting at the par value thereof to $100,000; the 
said issue, or tbe proeeedi thereof, to be applied to the following pur- 
poses, and no other, namely : — 

1. Stock to the amount of $67,500 par value, or the proceeds 
thereof, shall be applied solely to defraying tbe necessary cost of 
constructing the roadbed and track of the railway of said company 
apon the locations heretofore duly granted to said company in the 
city of Gloucester and in the town of Rockport. 



1897.] STOCK AND BOND ISSUES. 251 

2. Stock to the amount of $14,500 par value, or the proceeds 
thereof, shall be applied solely to defrajing the necessary cost of 
constructing the overhead electric system for the operation of said 
railway. 

8. Stock to the amount of $14,500 par value, or the proceeds 
thereof, shall be applied solely to the purchase and the electric and 
other equipment of the rolling stock necessary for the operation of 
said railway. 

4. Stock to the amount of $3,500 par value, or the proceeds 
thereof, shall be applied solely to the purchase of land and the erec- 
tion thereon of a car house suitable for the uses of said company. 

Provided^ however^ that if said company builds and equips as afore- 
said less than seven and one-half miles of main railway track, the 
several amounts of stock authorized to be issued for the foregoing 
purposes shall be proportionately reduced. 

The said shares are to be issued proportionally to the subscribers 
to the capital stock of said company, or their assigns, upon the full 
payment of the par value of such shares in cash. 

Attest: Wm. A. Crafts, 

Clerk, 
July 8, 1896. 

Brockton Street Railway Company — Increase and Issue of Capital 

Stockj and Market Value of New Shares, 

In the matter of the petition of the directors of the Brockton Street 
Railway Company for the approval by the Board, under chapters 462 
and 516 of the Acts of 1894, of an issue of capital stock by said com- 
pany to the amount of $110,000, in addition to the amount of $596,000 
now authorized and outstanding, for the purpose of building and 
equipping an extension of the railway of said company, and for other 
purposes set forth in said petition, — 

It appearing, after public notice and hearing, that the said com- 
pany was authorized by said chapter 516 of the Acts of 1894 to in- 
crease its capital stock by an amount not to exceed $500,000, in 
addition to the amount of $250,000 then outstanding, for the purpose 
(among others) of extending its lines and equipping the same for 
operation by electricity, and for other construction purposes ; that 
said company has been also authorized by chapter 375 of the Acts of 
1896 to extend its tracks into the town of Easton ; that an increase 
of capital stock by the amount of $110,000 for the purposes afore- 
said has been authorized by a vote of two-thirds in interest of the 
stockholders of said company at a meeting called and held for that 
purpose ; and that an increase of capital stock is necessary in order 
to enable said company to carry out the aforesaid purposes ; and 



252 APPENDIX — STREET RAILWAY ORDERS. [Jan. 

It being deemed by the Board that an issue of capital stock to the 
amount of f 104,000 is reasonably requisite for the purposes for which 
each issue has been so authorized, as hereinafter specified, — it is 

Ordered, That the Board approve an increase of the capital stock 
of the said Brockton Street Railway Company by the issue, subject to 
the provisions of all laws applicable to such issue, of not to exceed 
1,040 additional shares, amounting at the par value thereof to |104,> 
000 ; the said incre&se, or the proceeds thereof, to be applied to the 
following purposes, and no other, namely : — 

1. Stock to the amount of 143,000 par value, or the proceeds 
thereof, shall be applied solely to defraying the necessary cost o( 
building and equipping for electric power an extension of the railway 
of said company upon the locations heretofore duly extended and 
granted to said company on Torrey Street in the city of Brockton 
and on Main Street in the town of Easton. 

2. Stock to the amount of $53,000 par value, or the proceeds 
thereof, shall be applied solely to defraying the necessary cost of 
building a brick addition to said company's power station in Brock- 
ton, and to equipping the same with additional boilers, condensers 
and heaters for 600 horse power, with additional engines, pumps and 
steam piping, and with an additional 300-kilo generator and power 
station instrnments. 

3. Stock to the amount of $8,000 par value, or the proceeds 
thereof, shall be applied solely to the purchase and equipment of 
additional rolling stock necessary for the operation of the railway of 
said company by electricity, including the extension aforesaid. 

And said company having also prayed the Board to determine the 
market value of said new shares of capital stock at the time of in- 
crease, at which the said shares shall be offered proportionally to its 
stockholders, pursuant to the provisions of chapter 472 of the Acts 
of 1894, — it is 

Ordered and determined by the Board, taking into account previous 
sales and other pertinent conditions, that said market value, for tiie 
purpose aforesaid, be fixed at one hundred and Qve dollars per share ; 
and that any shares not subscribed for by the stockholders entitled to 
take the same, be sold by public auction in the city of Boston, notice 
of the time and place of such sale to be published at least five times, 
dnring the ten days immediately preceding such sale, in the fosfoit 
Daily Advertiser, Transcript and Journal, and the Brockton DaUg 
EnterpriBe. 

Attest: W>i. J. McCullodoh, 

JtsiMant Cicrk. 
JvLT 20, 1391}. 



1897.] STOCK AND BOND ISSUES. 253 

Gardner Electric Street Railway Company — Issue of Capital Stock. 

Id the matter of the petitioo of the Gardner Electric Street Rail- 
way Company for the approval by the Boards nnder chapter 462 of 
the Acts of 1894, of an issue of capital stock by said company to the 
amount of SdO,000, for the purpose of building and equipping the 
railway of said company, — 

It appearing, after public notice and hearing, that the said com- 
pany has been duly organized under the general law of this Common- 
wealth, with an authorized capital stock of $50,000 ; that said capital 
stock has been subscribed and paid in, and the issue thereof author- 
ized by the stockholders of said company ; that the proposed purpose 
is necessary and lawful, and consistent with the public interest ; that 
an issue of capital stock is necessary in order to enable said company 
to carry out the same in good faith ; and 

It being deemed by the Board that an issue of capital stock to the 
amount of $50,000 is reasonably requisite for the purpose for which 
such issue is authorized, as hereinafter specified, — it is 

Ordered^ That the Board approve an issue by the said Gardner 
Electric Street Railway Company, subject to the provisions of all 
laws applicable to such issue, of not to exceed 500 shares of its capi- 
tal stock, amounting at the par value thereof to $50,000 ; the said 
issue, or the proceeds thereof, to be applied to the following purpose, 
aqd no other namely : To defraying the necessary cost of building and 
equipping for electric power the railway of said company upon the 
locations heretofore duly granted to said company in the town of 
Gardner. Said shares are to be issued to the subscribers to the cap- 
ital stock of said company, or their assigns, who have fully paid the 
par value thereof in cash. 

Any issues of shares heretofore made by said company, within and 
in accordance with the terms of this order, are hereby ratified and 
confirmed. Attest: Wh. J. McCullough, 

Assistant Clerk. 
July 20, 1896. 

Gardner Electric Street Railway Company — Issue of Mortgage Bonds. 

In the matter of the petition of the Gardner Electric Street Rail- 
way Company for the approval by the Board, under chapters 316 of 
the Acts of 1889, and 462 of the Acts of 1894, of an issue of mort- 
gage bonds by said company to the amount of $30,000, for the pur- 
pose of funding the floating debt of said company, and for other 
purposes set forth in said petition, — 

It appearing, after public notice and hearing, and upon an exam- 
ination of the assets and liabilities of said company, and after such 



254 APPENDIX — STREET RAILWAY ORDERS [Jan. 

further iovestigatloo as wob deemed reqaisite, that an issue of mort- 
gage hoods to the amount aforesaid has been authorized by th« rote 
of a majority io interest of the stockholders of said company at a 
meeting called for the purpose ; that the purposes for which it is 
proposed to issue said bonds are necessary and lawful ; that the value 
of the constructed tracks, equipments, and other real and personal 
property of said company, taken at a fair value for railway purposes, 
and excluding the value of the franchise, equals or exceeds the 
amount of the capital stock outstanding and the debt; that the 
amount of bonds proposed to be issued will not exceed the capital 
stock of said company actually paid in cash, and that such isaae is 
consistent with the public interests; and 

It being deemed by the Board that an issue of bonds to the amount 
of $30,000 is reasonably requisite for the purposes for which such 
issue is authorized, as specified in the following order, — it is 

Ordered, That the Board approve an issue of coupon or registered 
bonds by the said Gardner Electric Street Railway Company, subject 
to the provisions of all laws applicable to such issue, to an amount 
not to exceed $30,000 par value, payable at periods not exceeding 
twenty years from the date thereof, with interest at a rate not to ex- 
ceed six per cent per annum, and secured by a mortgage of the rail- 
way, equipments, franchise, and other property, real and personal, of 
said company ; the said bonds or the proceeds thereof to be applied 
to the following purposes, and to no other, namely : — 

1. Bonds to an amount not to exceed $25,000 par value, or the 
proceeds thereof, shall be applied to funding the existing floating 
debt of said company which has been incurred in the oonstnictioD of 
its railway, and in the purchase of real and personal estate necessary 
or convenient for the operation thereof. 

2. Bonds to an amount not to exceed $5,000 par value, or the 
proceeds thereof, shall be applied to the purchase and equipment of 
additional rolling stock necessary for the operation of the railway of 
said company, and to making an addition to its car bouse. 

Attest: Wm. J. McCdllough, 

A*Hatani Clerk. 
JiLt 20. 1896. 

We»t Boi^ury & Roalindale Street Railway Company — Issue of 
Capital Stock. 
In the matter of the petition of the West Roxbury & Roslindale 
Street Railway Company for the approval by the Board, under chap- 
ter 462 of the Acts of 1894, of an issue of capital stock by said 
company to the amount of $100,000, for the purpose of building the 
railway of said company, — 



1897.] STOCK AND BOND ISSUES. 255 

It appearing, after a public hearing, that said company hae been 
duly organized under the general law of this Commonwealth for 
the purpose of constructing and operating a street railway, with an 
authorized capital stock of $100,000, and that the issue thereof is 
necessary in order to enable said company to construct its railway ; 
and 

It being deemed by the Board that an issue of capital stock to 
the amount of $100,000 is reasonably requisite for the purpose afore- 
said, — it is 

Ordered^ That the Board approve an issue of capital stock by the 
said West Roxbury & Roslindale Street Railway Company, subject to 
the provisions of all laws applicable to such issue, to the amount of 
$100,000 ; the said issue, or the proceeds thereof, to be applied to 
the following purpose, and no other, namely: To defraying the 
necessary cost of constructing the roadbed and tracks of the railway 
of said company upon the locations heretofore duly granted to it in 
the city of Boston and in the town of Dedham. 

The shares of said stock are to be issued to the subscribers there- 
for, or their assigns, upon the full payment of the par value thereof 
in cash. 

Attest: Wu. J. McCullouqh, 

A88i8iant Clerk. 
July 24, 1896. 



West Roxbury & RoslindaXe Street Railway Company — Increase and 
Issue of Capital Stocky and Market Value of New Shares. 

In the matter of the petition of the directors of the West Roxbury 
& Roslindale Street Railway Company for leave to increase the capital 
stock of said company, under chapter 866 of the Acts of 1887, by the 
amount of $50,000, in addition to the amount of $100,000 now 
authorized, and for the approval by the Board, under chapter 462 of 
the Acts of 1894, of an issue of capital stock by said company to the 
amount of $50,000, for the purpose of building the railway of said 
company, — 

It appearing, after public notice and hearing, and upon an exami- 
nation of the assets and liabilities of said company, that said petition 
has been duly authorized by vote of the stockholders of said com- 
pany ; that the proposed purpose is necessary and lawful, and con- 
sistent with the public interest ; that an increase of capital stock is 
necessary in order to enable said company to carry out the same in 
good faith ; and that such increase will not be beyond the value of 
the property of said company, including the cash to be paid in on 
such increase ; and 






i: 
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266 APPENDIX — STREET RAILWAY ORDERS. [Jan. 

> 

It being deemed by the Board that an issue of capital stock to the 
amount of SoO,000 is reasonably requisite for the purpose afore- 
said, — it is 

Ordered^ That the Board authorize and approve an increase of the 
capital stock of the said West Koxbury & Roslindale Street Railway 
Company by the issue of not to exceed 500 additional shares, amount- 
ing at the par value thereof to $50,000 ; the said increase, or the 
proceeds thereof, to be applied to the following purpose, and no 
other, namely : To defraying the necessary cost of constructing the 
roadbed and tracks of the railway of said company upon the locations 
heretofore duly granted and extended to it in the city of Boston and 
in the town of Dedham. 

And said company having also prayed the Board to determine the 
market value of said new shares of capital stock at the time of in- 
crease, at which the said shares shall be offered proportionally to its 
stockholders, pursuant to the provisions of chapter 472 of the Acts 
of 1894, — it is 

Ordered and detemdned by the Board, taking into account previous 
sales and other pertinent conditions, that said market value, for the 
purpose aforesaid, be fixed at one hundred dollars per share. 

Attest: Wm. J. McCullough, 

Assistant Clerk, 
July 24, 1896. 

West Boxbury & Roslindale Street Railway Company — Issue of 

Mortgage Bonds. 

In the matter of the petition of the West Roxbury and Roslindale 
Street Railway Company for the approval by the Board, under chap- 
ters 316 of the Acts of 1889 and 462 of the Acts of 1894, of an issue of 
mortgage bonds by said company to the amount of Sl50,000, for the 
purpose of building and equipping for electric power the railway of 
said company, — 

It appearing, after public notice and hearing, and upon an exam- 
ination of the assets and liabilities of said company, and after such 
further investigation as was deemed requisite, that an issue of mort- 
gage bonds to the amount aforesaid has been authorized by the vote 
of a majority in interest of the stockholders of said company at a 
meeting called for the purpose ; that the purposes for which it is pro- 
posed to issue said bonds are necessary and lawful ; that the value 
of the constructed tracks, equipments and other real and personal 
property of said company, taken at a fair value for railway purposes, 
and excluding the value of the franchise, equals or exceeds the amount 
of the capital stock outstanding and the debt ; that the amount of 
bonds proposed to be issued will not exceed the capital stock of said 



1897.] STOCK AND BOND ISSUES. 257 

company actually paid in cash, and that such issae is consistent with 
the public interests ; and 

It being deemed by the Board that an issue of bonds to the amount 
of $100,000 is reasonably requisite for the purposes for which such 
issue is authorized, as hereinafter specified, — it is 

Orderedy That the Board approve an issue of coupon or registered 
bonds by the said West Roxbury & Rosliudulc Street Railway Com- 
pany, subject to the provisions of all laws applicable to such issue, 
to an amount not to exceed $100,000 par value, payable at periods 
not exceeding twenty years from the date thereof, with interest at a 
rate not to exceed five per cent per annum, and secured by a mortgage 
of the railway, equipments, franchise, and other property, real and per- 
sonal, of said company ; the said bonds, or the proceeds thereof, to 
be applied to the following purposes, and no other, namely : — 

1. Bonds to an amount not to exceed $12,000 par value, or the 
proceeds thereof, shall be applied solely to providing the necessary 
means for the construction of the roadbed and tracks of the railway 
of said company upon the locations heretofore duly granted and ex- 
tended to it in the city of Boston and in tbc town of Dedham. 

2. Bonds to an amount not to exceed $44,000 par value, or the 
proceeds thereof, shall be applied solely to providing the necessary 
means for constructing the overhead electric system for the operaliuu 
of said railway. 

3. Bonds to an amount not to exceed $30,000 par value, or the 
proceeds thereof, shall be applied solely to the purchase and equip- 
ment of the rolling stock necessary for the operation of said railway. 

4. Bonds to an amount not to exceed $14,000 par value, or the 
proceeds thereof, shall be applied solely to the purchase of land and 
the erection thereon of a car house and appurtenances necessary for 
the operation of said railway. 

Attest: Wm. J. McCullough, 

Asaistanl Clerk, 
July 24, 1896. 

Warren^ Brookfield & Spencer Street Railway Company — Reduction 

of Capital Stock, 

In the matter of the petition of the Warren, Brookfield & Spencer 
Street Railway Company for authority to reduce the capital stock of 
said company, under chapter 326 of the Acts of 1890, from the 
amount of $200,000, as fixed by its articles of association and cer- 
tificate of incorporation, to the amount of $150,000, — 

It appearing, after a hearing and such examination of the financial 
condition of said company as the Board deemed requisite, that said 
petition is presented in accordance with a vote of the stockholders of 
said company at a meeting called for the purpose ; and that the pro- 



258 APPENDIX — STREET RAILWAY ORDERS. [Jan. 

posed reduction is consistent with the public interest aud with the 
limitations imposed by the laws to which said company is subject, — 
it is 

Ordered^ That the Board authorize a reduction of the capital stock 
of the said Warren, Brookfield & Spencer Street Railway Company 
from the amount of $200,000 to the amount of $150,000 : provided^ 
however^ that no money or other property of said company shall be 
paid or transferred to the stockholders thereof in making such 
reduction or in connection therewith. 

Attest: Wm. A. Crafts, 

CUrk. 
July 30, 1896. 



11 



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If 



Shelburne Falls & Colrain Street Railway Company — Issue of Capital 

Stock. 

In the matter of the petition of the directors of the Shelburne Falls 
& Colrain Street Railway Company for the approval by the Board, 
under chapter 462 of the Acts of 1894, of an issue of capital stock 
by said company to the amount of $50,000, for the purpose of build- 
ing and equipping the railway of said company, — 

It appearing, after a public hearing and upon investigation by the 
Board, that said company has been chartered by chapter 79 of the 
Acts of 1896 with an authorized capital stock of $50,000 ; that the 
issue of said capital stock has been duly authorized by vote of the 
stockholders of said company ; that the proposed purpose is neces- 
sary and lawful, and consistent with the public interest ; that an issue 
of capital stock is necessary in order to enable said company to carry 
out the same in good faith ; and 

It being deemed by the Board that an issue of capital stock to the 
•amount of $50,000 is reasonably requisite for the purpose for which 
-such issue is authorized, as hereinafter specified, — it is 

Ordered^ That the Board authorize and approve an issue by the 
said Shelburne Falls & Colrain Street Railway Company, subject to 
the provisions of all laws applicable to such issue, of not to exceed 
500 shares of its capital stock, amounting at the par value thereof to 
$50,000 ; the said issue, or the proceeds thereof, to be applied to the 
following purpose, and no other, namely : To defraying the neces- 
sary cost of building the roadbed and track, including right of way 
and bridges, of the railway of said company upon the locations here- 
tofore duly granted to it in the towns of Shelburne and Colrain. 

The said shares are to be issued to the subscribers to the capital 

stock of said company, or their assigns, upon the full payment of the 

par value thereof in cash. 

Attest: Wm. A. Crafts, 

Clerk, 
JrLT 30, 1896. 



1897.] STOCK AND BOND ISSUES. 259 

Warren^ Brookfield & Spencer Street Railway Company — Issue of 

Capital Stock. 

In the matter of the petition of the directors of the Warren, Brook- 
field & Spencer Street Railway Company for the approval by the 
Board, under chapter 462 of the Acts of 1894, of an issue of capital 
stock by said company to the amount of $150,000, for the purpose of 
building and equipping the railway of said company, — 

It appearing, after a hearing and upon investigation by the Board, 
that said petition has been duly authorized by vote of the stockhold- 
ers of said company ; that the proposed purpose is necessary and 
lawful, and consistent with the public interest ; that an issue of cap- 
ital stock is necessary in order to enable said company to carry out 
the same in good faith ; and 

It being deemed by the Board that an issue of capital stock to the 
amount of $150,000 is reasonably requisite for the purpose for which 
Buch issue is authorized, as hereinafter specified, — it is 

Ordered^ That the Board authorize and approve an issue by the 
said Warren, Brookfield & Spencer Street Railway Company, subject 
to the provisions of all laws applicable to such issue, of not to exceed 
1,500 shares of its capital stock, amounting at the par value tliereof 
to $150,000 ; the said issue, or the proceeds thereof, to be applied to 
the following purpose, and no other, namely : To defraying the nec- 
essary cost of building and equipping for electric power the railway 
of said company upon the original locations heretofore duly granted 
to said company in the towns of Warren, West Brookfield, Brookfield 
and Spencer. 

Provided, however, that if said company builds and equips as afore- 
said less than thirteen miles of main railway track, the amount of 
capital stock to be so issued shall be proportionately reduced. 

The said shares are to be issued to the subscribers to the capital 

stock of said company, or their assigns, upon the full payment of the 

par value of said shares in cash. 

Attest : Wm. A. Cbafts, 

Clerk. 
JuLT 31, 1896. 

Leominster & Clinton Street Railway Company — Increase and Issue 
of Capital Stock, and Market Value of New Shares. 

In the matter of the petition of the directors of the Leominster & 
Clinton (heretofore known as the Clinton) Street Railway Company 
for permission to increase the capital stock of said company, under 
chapter 378 of the Acts of* 1896, by the amount of $120,000, in addi- 
tion to the amount of $30,000 now authorized and outstanding, and 



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260 APPENDIX — STREET RAILWAY ORDERS. [Jan. 

for the approval by the Board, ander chapter 462 of the Acts of 
1894, of an issae of capital stock by said company to the amount 
of $120,000, for the purpose of building and equipping an extension 
of the railway of said company, and for other purposes set forth in 
said petition, — 

It appearing, after a public hearing, and upon an examination of 
the assets and liabilities of said company, that said petition has been 
duly authorized by vote of the stockholders of said company ; that the 
proposed purposes are necessary and lawful, and consistent with the 
public interest ; that such increase of capital stock has been author- 
ized by said chapter 378 of the Acts of 1896, and is necessary in 
order to enable said company to carry out said purposes in good 
faith; and 

It being deemed by the Board that an issue of capital stock to the 
amount of $120,000 is reasonably requisite for the purposes for which 
such issue is authorized, as hereinafter specified, — it is 

Ordered^ That the Board authorize and approve an increase of the 
capital stock of the said Leominster & Clinton Street Railway Com- 
pany by the issue of not to exceed 1 ,200 additional shares, amount- 
ing at the par value thereof to $120,000; the said increase, or the 
proceeds thereof, to be applied to the following purposes, and no 
other, namely : — 

1. Stock to the amount of $67,500 par value, or the proceeds 
thereof, shall be applied solely to defraying the necessary cost of 
building the roadbed and track of an extension of the railway of said 
company upon the locations heretofore duly extended and granted to 
said company in the towns of Lancaster and Leominster. 

2. Stock to the amount of $15,000 par value, or the proceeds 
thereof, shall be applied solely to defraying the necessary cost of 
constnicting the overhead electric system required for the operation 
of said extension. 

3. Stock to the amount of $25,000 par value, or the proceeds 
thereof, shall be applied solely to the purchase and equipment of 
the rolling stock necessary for the operation of said extension. 

4. Stock to the amount of $12,500 par value, or the proceeds 
thereof, shall be applied solely to the erection of a brick car house 
and power house necessary for the operation of the railway of said 
company, including said extension, the said houses to be erected on 
land owned by said company. 

And said company having also prayed the Board to determine the 
market value of said new shares of capital stock at the time of 
increase, at which the said shares shall be offered proportionally to 
its stockholders, pursuant to the provisions of chapter 472 of the 
Acts of 1894, — it is 



1897.] STOCK AND BOND ISSUES. 261 

Ordered and determined by the Board, taking into account previous 

sales and other pertinent conditions, that said Market value, for the 

purpose aforesaid, be fixed at one hundred dollai-s per share. 

Attest: Wm. A. Crafts, 

Clerk, 
July 31, 1896. 

Shtlbume FaJls & Colrain Street Railway Company — Issue of 

Mortgage Bonds. 

In the matter of the petition of the Shelbume Falls & Colrain 
Street Railway Company for the approval by the Board, under chap- 
ters 79 of the Acts of 1896 and 462 of the Acts of 1894, of an issue 
of mortgage bonds by said company to the amount of $50,000, for 
the purpose of building and equipping the railway of said company, — 

It appearing, after public notice and hearing, and upon an exam- 
ination of the assets and liabilities of said company, and after such 
further investigation as was deemed requisite, that an issue of mort- 
gage bonds to the amount aforesaid has been authorized by said 
chapter 79 of the Acts of 1896, and by the vote of a majority in 
interest of the stockholders of said company at a meeting called for 
the purpose ; that the purposes for which it is proposed to issue said 
bonds are necessary and lawful ; that the value of the constructed 
tracks, equipments, and other real and personal property of said 
company, taken at a fair value for railway purposes, and excluding 
the value of the franchise, equals the amount of the capital stock 
outstanding and tlie debt ; that the amount of bonds proposed to be 
issued will not exceed the capital stock of said company actually 
paid in cash, and that such issue is consistent with the public inter- 
ests; and 

It being deemed by the Board that an issue of bonds to the amount 
of $50,000 is reasonably requisite for the purposes for which such 
issue is authorized, as hereinafter specified, — it is 

Ordered J That the Board approve an issue of coupon or registered 
bonds by the said Shelburne Falls & Colrain Street Railway Com- 
pany, subject to the provisions of all general and special laws appli- 
cable to such issue, to an amount not to exceed $50,000 par value, 
payable at periods not exceeding thirty years from the date thereof, 
with interest at a rate not to exceed six per cent per annum, and 
secured by a mortgage of the franchise and property of said com- 
pany ; the said bonds or the proceeds thereof to be applied to the 
following purposes, and to no other, namely : — 

1. Bonds to an amount not to exceed $8,000 par value, or the 
proceeds thereof, shall be applied to providing the necessary means 
for completing the construction of the roadbed and track of said 



2fi2 APPENDIX — STREET BAILWAY ORDERS. [J;.i.. 

compsny's ridlwa; upon tbe locations heretofore dal; graoted to it ia 
the towns of Sbelburne and Colrain. 

2. Bonds to an amount not to exceed (15,000 par valoe, or the 
proceeds thereof, shall be applied to defraying the cost of construct* 
iDg the overbead electric system for operating said railway. 

3. Bonds to an amount not to exceed $7,000 par valne, or the 
proceeds thereof, shall be applied to the purchase of land and the 
erection thereon of buildings necessary for tbe operation of said rail- 
way. 

i. Bonds to an amount not to exceed (16,000 par value, or tbe 
proceeds thereof, shall be applied to the inetnllation and equipment 
of an electric power plant suitable for tbe operation of said railway. 
5. Bonds loan amount not to exceed (4,000 par value, or tbe 
proceeds thereof, shall be npplied to tbe purchase and equipment of 
such rolling stock as may be necessary for tbe operation of said rail- 
way. 

Attest: Wh. A. Cbafts, 

Clerk. 
Seftbhbbr is, 1896. 

LoweU & Suburban Street Railuiay Company — Increate and Jame of 
Capkai Stock, and Market Value of New Shares. 

In the matter of the petition of the directors of tbe Lowell & Sub- 
urban Street Railway Company for leave to increase the capital stock 
of said company, nnder chapter 409 of the Acta of 1896, by tbe 
amount of 1360,000, in addition to the amount of (840,000 already 
authorized, of which (800,000 is now outstanding, and for the ap- 
proval by the Board, under chapter 462 of tbe Acts of 1894, of an 
issue of capital stock by said company to tbe amount of (360,000, 
for the purpose of building and equipping branches and extensions 
of tbe railway of said company, and (or other purposes set forth in 
said petition, — 

It appearing, after public notice and hearing, that said petition has 
been duly authorized by vote of tbe stockholders of said company ; 
that tbe pro|)osed purposes are necessary and lawful, and consistent 
with the public interest; and that an increase of capital stock is nec- 
essary in order to enable said company to carry out tiie same in good 
faith ; and 

It being deemed by the Board that an issue of capital stock to the 
amount of (360,000 is reasonably requisite for tbe purposes for 
which snch issue is authorized, as hereinafter speciSed, — it is 

Ordered, That the Board authorize and approve an increase of the 
capital stock of tbe said Lowell & Suburban Street Railway Company 
by the issue, subje(;t to the provisions of alt laws applicable to such 



1897.] STOCK AND BOND ISSUES. 263 

iBBue, of Dot to exceed 3,600 additional shares, amountiDg at the par 
value thereof to $360,000 ; the said increase, or the proceeds thereof, 
to be applied to the following purposes, and no other, namely : — 

1. Stock to the amount of $30,000 par value, or the proceeds 
thereof, shall be applied solely to defraying the necessary cost of 
building ancf equipping for electric power an extension of the railway 
of said company upon locations heretofore duly granted to it in the 
town of Tewksbury. 

2. Stock to the amount of 830,000 par value, or the proceeds 
thereof, shall be applied solely to defraying the necessary cost of 
building and equipping for electric power an extension of the railway 
of said company upon locations heretofore duly granted to it in the 
towns of Chelmsford and Tyngsborough. 

3. Stock to the amount of $1^,000 par value, or the proceeds 
thereof, shall be applied solely to the purchase and equipment of ves- 
tibule and open cars necessary for the operation of the railway of 
said company, including said extensions. 

4. Stock to the amount of S85,000 par value, or the proceeds 
thereof, shall be applied solely to defraying the necessary cost of 
enlarging the power house of said company, and to the purchase and 
installation of engines, boilers, condensers, dynamos and other ma- 
chinery and appliances required for increasing the capacity of the 
electric power plant of said company. 

5. Stock to the amount of $201,000 par value, or the proceeds 
thereof, shall be applied solely to paying and capitalizing the floating 
debt of said company, which has been heretofore incurred in building 
and equipping duly located branches and extensions of the railway 
of said company, and in making other authorized additions to its per- 
manent property. 

And the said company having also prayed the Board to determine 
the market value of said new shares of capital stock at the time of 
increase, at which the said shares shall be offered proportionally to 
its stockholders, pursuant to the provisions of chapter 472 of the 
Acts of 1894, — it is 

Ordered and determined by the Board, taking into account previous 
sales and other pertinent conditions, that said market value, for the 
purpose aforesaid, be fixed at one hundred and fifteen dollars per 
share. 

And it appearing, after an examination of the assets and liabili- 
ties of said company, and upon an appraisal of the constructed 
tracks, the equipments, and the other real and personal property of 
said company, exclusive of its franchise, at the present cost and mar- 
ket values thereof, that the capital stock of said company shows an 
impairment to the amount of $233,025.49 ; and that such impairment 



2C4 APPENDIX — STREET RAILWAY ORDERS. [Jan. 

is apparently due to the redaction in present cost and market values 
as compared nilli tbose existing at the lime of ttie construction and 
acquisitioD of much of the appraised property, — it is 

Ordered, That, aa a condition of the aforesaid increase of capital 
stock, and as a requirement imposed on said company, the dividends 
declared or paid by said company to its stockholders abali DOt exceed 
six per cent in any one year, ao long as such impairment, or any part 
thereof, continues to exist. 

Attest: Wm. A. Cbavts, 

Clerk. 
a 23, 189S. 



Springfield Street Railway Company — Increase and laaue of Capital 
Slock, and Market Kilue of New Sluiret. 

In the matter of the petition of the directors of the Springfield 
Street Railway CompaDy for leave to increase the capital stock of 
said company, under chnpter 409 of the Acts of 1896, by the amount 
ot $200,000, Id addition to the amount of $1,000,000 now authorized 
and outstanding, and fur the approval by the Board, under chapter 
462 of the Acta of 1894, of an issue of capital stock by said com- 
pany to the amount of (200,000, for the purpose of building and 
equipping an extension of the railway of said company, paying and 
capitalizing its floating debt, and for other purposes set forth in said 
petition, — 

It appearing, after public notice and hearing, and upon an ex- 
amination of the assets and liabilities of said company, that said 
petition has been duly authorized by vote of the stockholders of said 
company; that the proposed purposes are necessary and lawful, and 
consistent with the public interest; that an increase of capital stock 
is necessary in order to enable said company to carry out the same in 
good faith ; and that such increase will not be beyond the value of 
the property of said company including the cash to be paid in on 
such increase ; and 

It being deemed by the Board that an issue of capital stock to the 
amount of $166,700 is reasonably requisite for the purposes for which 
such issue is authorized, aa hereinafter specified, — it is 

Ordered, That the Board authorize and approve an increase of the 
capital stock of the said Springfield Street Railway Company by the 
issue, subject to the provisions of nil laws applicable to such issue, 
of not to exceed 1,667 additional shares, amounting at the par value 
thereof to $166,700; the said increase, or the proceeds thereof, to 
be applied to the following purposes, and no other, namely : — 

1. Stock to the amount of $20,000 par value, or the proceeds 



1897.] STOCK AND BOND ISSUES. 265 

thereof, sball be applied solely to defraying the necessary cost of 
building and equipping for electric power, including rolling stock, an 
extension of the railway of said company to Tatam in the town of 
West Springfield, upon locations duly granted to said company. 

2. Stock to the amount of 9146,700 par value, or the proceeds 
thereof, shall be applied solely to paying and capitalizing the floating 
debt of said company heretofore incurred in building and equipping 
for electric power authorized branches and extensions of the railway 
of said company, and in making necessary additions to its power 
plant, car houses, and other permanent property. 

And said company having also prayed the Board to determine the 
market value of said new shares of capital stock at the time of in- 
crease, at which the said shares shall be offered proportionally to its 
stockholders, pursuant to the provisions of chapter 472 of the Acts 
of 1894, — it is 

Ordered and determined by the Board, taking into account previous 

sales and other pertinent conditions, that said market value, for tlie 

purpose aforesaid, be fixed at one hundred and fifty dollars per share. 

Attest: Wm. A. Crafts, 

Clerk, 
SEPTEacBEB 29, 1896. 

Warreuy Brookfield & Spencer Street Railway Company — lame of 

Mortgage Bonds. 

In the matter of the petition of the directors of the Warren, Brook- 
field & Spencer Street Railway Company for the approval by the 
Board, under chapters 316 of the Acts of 1889 and 462 of the Acts 
of 1894, of an issue of mortgage bonds by said company to the amount 
of $125,000, for the pur|)08e of paying and funding the fioating debt 
and extending the railw:iy of said company, and for other purposes 
set forth in said petition, — 

It appearing, after public notice and hearing, and upon an exami- 
nation of the assets and liabilities of said company, and after such 
further investigation as was deemed requisite, that an issue of mort- 
gage bonds to the amount aforesaid has been authorized by the vote 
of a majority in interest of the stockholders of said company at a 
meeting called for the purpose ; that the purposes for which it is pro- 
posed to issue said bonds are necessary and lawful ; that the value of 
the constructed tracks, equipments, and other real and personal prop- 
erty of said company, taken at a fair value for railway purposes, and 
excluding the value of the franchise, equals or exceeds the amount 
of the capital stock outstanding and the debt ; that the amount of 
bonds proposed to be issued will not exceed the capital stock of said 



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266 APPENDIX — STREET RAILWAY ORDERS. [Jan. 






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company actually paid in cash, and that such isBue is consistent with 
the public interests ; and 

It being deemed by the Board that an issue of bonds to the amount 
of $125,000 is reasonably requisite for the purposes for which such 
issue is authorized, as hereinafter specified, — it is 

Ordered, That the Board approve an issue of coupon or registered 
bonds by the said Warren, Brookfield & Spencer Street Railway Com- 
pany, subject to the provisions of all laws applicable to such issue, to 
an amount not to exceed Si 25 ,000 par value, payable at periods not 
exceeding twenty years from the date thereof, with interest at a rate 
not to exceed five per cent per annum, and secured by a mortgage of 
the railway, equipments, franchise, and other property, real and per- 
sonal, of said company ; the said bonds or the proceeds thereof to be 
applied to the following purposes, and to no other, namely : — 

1. Bonds to an amount not to exceed $68,000 par value, or the 
proceeds thereof, shall be applied solely to funding the existing 
floating debt of said company, which has been incurred in the con- 
struction of its railway and in the purchase of real and personal 
estate necessary for the operation thereof. 

2. Bonds to an amount not to exceed $38,500 par value, or the 
proceeds thereof, shall be applied solely to providing the necessary 
means for the construction of the roadbed and track, and for the 
overhead electrical equipment, of an extension of the railway of said 
company from Warren Centre to West Warren, in the town of Warren. 

3. Bonds to an amount not to exceed $7,500 par value, or the 
proceeds thereof, shall be applied solely to the purchase and equip- 
ment of rolling stock necessary for the operation of the railway of 
said company, including said extension. 

4. Bonds to an amount not to exceed $11,000 par value, or the 
proceeds thereof, shall be applied solely to the purchase of land and 
the erection of a car house, and to the purchase and installation of 
engine, boiler, generator and other machinery and appliances for the 
establishment of an additional electric power plant for the operation 
of said company's railway, including said extension. 

Attest: Wk. A. Cbafts, 

Clerk. 

OOTOBBH 6, 1896. 



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Gloucester y Ensex & Beverly Street Railway Company — Issue of 

Mortgage Bonds. 

In the matter of the petition of the directors of the Gloucester, 
Essex & Beverly Street Railway Company for the approval by the 
Board, under chapters 159 of the Acts of 1893 and 462 of the Acts of 
1894, of an issue of mortgage bonds by said company to the amount 



1897.] STOCK AND BOND ISSUES. 267 

of $140,000, for the purpose of paying and funding the floating debt 
of said company, — 

It appearing, after public notice and hearing, and after such fur- 
ther investigation as was deemed requisite, that an issue of mortgage 
bonds to the amount aforesaid has been authorized by said chapter 
159 of the Acts of 1893, and by the vote of a majority in interest of 
the stockholders of said company at a meeting called for the pur- 
pose ; that the purposes for which it is proposed to issue said bonds 
are necessary and lawful ; that the amount of bonds proposed to be 
issued will not exceed the capital stock of said company actually paid 
in cash, and that such issue is consistent with the public interests ; 
and 

It being deemed by the Board that an issue of bonds to the amount 
of $125,000 is reasonably requisite for the purpose for which such 
issue is authorized, as hereinafter specified, — it is 

Ordered^ That the Board approve an issue of coupon or registered 
bonds by the said Gloucester, E^ssez & Beverly Street Railway Com- 
pany, subject to the provisions of all general and special laws appli- 
cable to such issue, to an amount not to exceed $125,000 par value, 
payable at periods not exceeding twenty years from the date thereof, 
with interest at a rate not to exceed five per cent per annum, and 
secured by a mortgage of the railway, equipments, franchise, and 
other property, real and personal, of said company, now owned or 
hereafter acquired ; the said bonds or the proceeds thereof to be 
applied to the following purpose, and to no other, namely: To 
paying and funding the existing floating debt of said company, 
which has been incurred in the construction of its railway, and in 
the purchase of real and personal estate necessary or convenient for 

the operation thereof. 

Attest: Wm. A. Crafts, 

Clerk, 

OCTOBBR 5, 1896. 

Interstate Consolidated Street Railvoay Company — Increase and Issue 
of Capital Stocky and Market Value of New Shares, 

In the matter of the petition of the Interstate Consolidated Street 
Railway Company for leave to increase the capital stock of said 
company by the amount of $70,000, in addition to the amount of 
$330,000 already authorized, of which amount $300,000 is now out- 
standing, and for the approval by the Board, under chapter 462 of 
the Acts of 1894, of an issue of capital stock by said company to the 
amount of $70,000, for the purpose of retiring the outstanding bonds 
of said company, and for other purposes set forth in said petition, — 

It appearing, after public notice and hearing, and upon an exam- 




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268 APPENDIX — STREET RAILWAY ORDERS- [Jan. 

ination of the assets and liabilities of said company, that said peti- 
tion has been duly authorized by vote of the stockholders of said 
company ; that said company was authorized by an order of this 
Board, dated December 26, 1895, to issue its mortgage bonds to the 
amount of $50,000 par value, for the purpose in said order specified ; 
that the said bonds have been issued, but have not been sold, and are 
now pledged as collateral security for the floating debt of the com- 
pany created for the said purpose ; that said company now desires to 
retire and cancel the said bonds, and to issue in lieu thereof its capi- 
tal stock to the same amount, and to apply the said stock, or the 
proceeds thereof, to the same purpose for which the said issue of 
bonds was authorized as aforesaid ; that the proposed purpose is law- 
ful and consistent with the public interest ; tiiat an increase of capi- 
tal stock is necessary in order to enable said company to carry out 
the same in good faith ; and that the capital investment and indebt- 
edness of the company will not thereby be increased ; and 

It being deemed by the Board that an issue of capital stock to the 
amount of $50,000 is reasonably requisite for the purpose for which 
such issue is authorized, as hereinafter specified, — it is 

Ordered^ That the Board authorize and approve an increase of the 
capital stock of the said Interstate Consolidated Street Railway Com- 
pany by the issue, subject to the provisions of all laws applicable to 
such issue, of not to exceed 50Q additional shares, amounting at the 
par value thereof to $50,000 ; the said increase, or the proceeds 
thereof, to be applied to the following purpose, and no other, namely : 
To paying the notes payable or other indebtedness of said company 
contracted in the acquisition of its properties, for which the bonds 
aforesaid are now pledged as collateral security, and to retiring the 
said bonds : provided^ that no shares of stock shall be issued under 
this order until at least an equal amount at par of said outstanding 
bonds has been from time to time surrendered and cancelled ; and 
the said order of December 26, 1805^ and all authority given said 
company to issue bonds, are hereby rescinded and revoked. 

And said company having also prayed the Board to determine the 
market value of said new shares of capital stock at the time of in- 
crease, at which the said shares shall be offered proportionally to its 
stockholders, pursuant to the provisions of chapter 472 of the Acts of 
1894, — it is 

Ordered and determined by the Board, taking into account previous 
sales and other pertinent conditions, that said market value, for the 
purpose aforesaid, be fixed at one hundred dollars per share. 

Attest: Wm. A. Crafts, 

Clerk. 

OCTOBBK 6, 1896. 



1897.] ' STOCK AND BOND ISSUES- 269 

People's Street Railway Company {of West Newbury) — Issue of Cap- 
ital Stock, 

In the matter of the petition of the People's Street Railway Com- 
pany for the approval by the board, under chapters 220 of the Acts 
of 1892 and 462 of the Acts of 1894, of an issue of capital stock by 
said company to the amount of $50,000, for the purpose of building 
and equipping the railway of said company, — 

It appearing, after public notice and hearing, that said company 
was chartered by said chapter 220 of the Acts of 1892, with power to 
construct, maintain and operate a street railway in the town of West 
Newbury and city of Newburyport, with an authorized capital stock 
not to exceed $100,000 ; that said petition has been duly authorized 
by vote of the stockholders of said company ; that the proposed pur- 
pose is lawful and consistent with the public interest ; that an issue 
of capital stock is necessary in order to enable said company to carry 
out the same in good faith ; and 

It being deemed by the Board that an issue of capital stock to the 
amount of $50,000 is reasonably requisite for the purposes for which 
such issue is authorized, as hereinafter specified, — it is 

Ordered^ That the Board approve an issue by the said People's 
Street Railway Company, subject to the provisions of all general and 
special laws applicable to such issue, of not to exceed 500 shares of 
capital stock, amounting at the par value thereof to $50,000; the 
said shares, or the proceeds thereof, to be applied to the following 
purposes, and no other, namely : — 

1. Stock to the amount of $40,500 par value, or the proceeds 
thereof, shall be applied solely to defraying the necessary cost of 
building the roadbed and tracks of the railway of said company upon 
the locations heretofore duly granted to said company in the city of 
Newburyport, by orders of the board of aldermen dated October 24, 
1893, and June 26, 1895, and in the town of West Newbury, by 
an order of the selectmen dated October 20, 1893. 

2. Stock to the amount of $9,500 par value, or the proceeds 
thereof, shall be applied solely to defraying the necessary cost of 
constructing the overhead electric system, including track bonding, 
necessary for the operation of said railway. 

Said shares are to be issued to the subscribers to the capital stock 
of said company, or their assigns, upon the full payment of the par 
value of said shares respectively in cash. 

The order heretofore issued by the Board under date of July 1, 1895, 

approving an issue of capital stock by said company to the amount 

of $30,000, is hereby revoked and rescinded, no stock having been 

issued thereunder. Attest : Wh. A. Crafts, 

Clerk. 

GOTOBBK 12, 1896. 



270 APPENDIX — STREET RAILWAY ORDERS. [Jan. 



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People's Street Railway Company (of West Newbury) — Issue of 

Mortgage Bonds. 

In the matter of the petition of the People's Street Railway Com- 
pany for the approval by the Board, under chapters 220 of the Acts 
of 1892 and 462 of the Acts of 1894, of an issue of mortgage bonds 
by said company to the amount of $50,000, for the purpose of build- 
ing and equipping the railway of said company, — 

It appearing, after public notice and hearing, and upon such fur- 
ther investigation as was deemed requisite, that an issue of mortgage 
bonds to the amount aforesaid has been authorized by said chapter 
220 of the Acts of 1892, and by the vote of a majority in interest of 
the stockholders of said company at a meeting called for the purpose ; 
that the purposes for which it is proposed to issue said bonds aie 
lawful ; that the amount of bonds proposed to be issued will not ex- 
ceed the capital stock of said company required to be paid in cash, 
and that such issue is consistent with the public interests ; and 

It being deemed by the Board that an issue of bonds to the amount 
of $50,000 is reasonably requisite for the purposes for which such 
issue is authorized, as hereinafter specified, — it is 

Ordered^ That the Board approve an issue of coupon or registered 
bonds by the said People's Street Railway Company, subject to the 
provisions of all general and special laws applicable to such issue, to 
an amount not to exceed $50,000 par value, payable at periods not 
exceeding twenty years from the date thereof, with interest at a rate 
not to exceed six per cent per annum, and secured by a mortgage of 
the railway and franchise, and any part of the other property, real 
and personal, of said company, now owned or hereafter acquired ; the 
said bonds, or the proceeds thereof, to be applied to the following 
purposes, and to no other, namely : — 

1. Bonds to an amount not to exceed $1,000 par value, or the 
proceeds thereof, shall be applied solely to defraying the necessary 
cost of completing the construction of the overhead electric system 
necessary for the operation of the railway of said company upon the 
locations heretofore duly granted to said company in the city of New- 
buryport, by orders of the board of aldermen dated October 24, 1893, 
and June 26, 1895, and in the town of West Newbury, by an order of 
the selectmen dated October 20, 1893. 

2. Bonds to an amount not to exceed $7,500 par value, or the 
proceeds thereof, shall be applied solely to the purchase of land and 
the erection and equipment thereon of a car house, stable and car 
station, and also to the erection thereon of a power house, necessary 
for the operation of said railway. 

3. Bonds to an amount not to exceed $18,500 par value, or the 



1897.] STOCK AND BOND ISSUES. 271 

proceeds thereof, shall be applied solely to the purchase and installa- 
tion ia said power house of the machinery and apparatus necessary 
for the generation of electric power for the operation of said railway. 

4. Bonds to an amount not to exceed $23,000 par value, or the 
proceeds thereof, shall be applied solely to the purchase and equip- 
ment of rolling stock and vehicles necessary for the operation of said 
railway by electric power. 

Provided^ however, that no bonds shall be issued for any of the 
aforesaid purposes until the capital stock of said company to the 
amount of S50,000 has been subscribed and fully paid in cash, and 
the said amount of $50,000 has been expended in the building of the 
roadbed and tracks of said company, and in constructing the over- 
head electric system for the same, upon the locations above de- 
scribed. 

The order heretofore issued by the Board under date of July 1, 

1895, approving an issue of bonds by said company to the amount 

of $30,000, is hereby revoked and rescinded, no bonds having been 

issued thereunder. 

Attest : Wh. A. Crafts, 

Clerk. 
October 12, 1896. 

Hingham Street Railway Company — Increase and Issue of Capital 

Stocky and Market Value of New Shares, 

In the matter of the petition of the directors of the Hingham 
Street Railway Company for leave to increase the capital stock of 
said company, under chapter 409 of the Acts of 1896, by the amount 
of $15,000, in addition to the amount of $145,000 now authorized 
and outstanding, and for the approval by the Board, under chapter 
462 of the Acts of 1894, of an issue of capital stock by said company 
to the amount of $15,000, for the purpose of paying and capitalizing 
a portion of the floating debt of said company, — 

It appearing, after public notice and hearing, and upon an exami- 
nation of the assets and liabilities of said company, that said peti- 
tion has been duly authorized by vote of the stockholders of said 
company ; that the proposed purpose is necessary and lawful, and 
consistent with the public interest ; that an increase of capital stock 
is necessary in order to enable said company to carry out the same 
in good faith ; and that such increase will not be beyond the value of 
the property of said company including the cash to be paid in on 
such increase ; and 

It being deemed by the Board that an issue of capital stock to the 
amount of $14,500 is reasonably requisite for the purpose for which 
such issue is authorized, as hereinafter specified, — it is 






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272 APPENDIX — STREET RAILWAY ORDERS. [Jan. 

Ordered y That the Board authorize and approve an increase of the 
capital stock of the said Hlngham Street Railway Company by the 
issae of not to exceed 145 additional shares, amounting at the par 
value thereof to $14,500 ; the said increase, or the proceeds thereof, 
to be applied to the following purpose, and no other, namely : To 
paying and capitalizing a portion, to wit, $14,500, of the existing 
floating debt of said company, which has been incurred in the con- 
struction and equipment of its railway, and in the purchase of per- 
manent property necessary for the operation thereof. 

And said company having also prayed the Board to determine the 
market value of said new shares of capital stock at the time of 
increase, at which the said shares shall be ofifered proportionally to 
its stockholders, pursuant to the provisions of chapter 472 of the 
Acts of 1894, — it is 

Ordered and determined by the Board, taking into account previous 
sales and other pertinent conditions, that said market value, for the 
purpose aforesaid, be fixed at one hundred dollars per share. 

Attest: Wm. A. Crafts, 

Clerk. 
October 15, 1896. 



Hingham Street Railway Company — L^sue of Mortgage Bonds, 

In the matter of the petition of the Hingham Street Railway Com- 
pany for the approval by the Board, under chapters 316 of the Acts 
of 1889 and 462 of the Acts of 1894, of an issue of mortgage bonds 
by said company to the amount of $15,000, for the purpose of paying 
and funding a portion of the floating debt of said company, and for 
other purposes set forth in said petition, — 

It appearing, after public notice and hearing, and upon an exam- 
ination of the assets and liabilities of said company, and after such 
further investigation as was deemed requisite, that an issue of mort- 
gage bonds to the amount aforesaid has been authorized by the vote 
of a majority in interest of the stockholders of said company at a 
meeting called for the purpose; that the purposes for which it is 
proposed to issue said bonds are necessary and lawful ; that the 
value of the constructed tracks, equipments, and other real and 
personal property of said company, taken at a fair value for railway 
purposes, and excluding the value of the franchise, equals or exceeds 
the amount of capital stock outstanding and the debt; that the 
amoant of bonds proposed to be issued will not exceed the capital 
stock of said company actually paid in cash, and that such issue is 
consistent with the public interests ; and 



t 



1897.] STOCK AND BOND ISSUES. 273 

It being deemed by the Board that an issue of bonds to the amoant 
of $15,000 is reasonably requisite for the purposes for which such 
issue is authorized, as hereinafter specified, — it is 

Orderedy That the Board approve an issue of coupon or registered 
bonds by the said Hingham Street Railway Company, subject to the 
provisions of all general and special laws applicable to such issue, to 
an amount not to exceed $15,000 par value, payable at periods not 
exceeding twenty years from the date thereof, with interest at a rate 
not to exceed five per cent per annum, and secured by a mortgage 
of a part or of the whole of the railway, equipments, franchise, and 
other property, real and personal, of said company, now owned or 
hereafter acquired ; the said bonds or the proceeds thereof to be 
applied to tbe following purposes, and to no other, namely : — 

1. Bonds to an amount not to exceed $11,000 par value, or the 
proceeds thereof, shall be applied solely to paying and funding a por- 
tion, to wit, $11,000, of the existing floating debt of said company, 
which has been incurred in the construction and equipment of its 
railway, and in the purchase of permanent property necessary for 
the operation thereof. 

2. Bonds to an amount not to exceed $4,000 par value, or the 
proceeds thereof, shall be applied solely to the purchase and equip- 
ment of additional rolling stock necessary for the operation of said 
railway. Attest : Wm. A. Crafts, 

Clerk, 

OCTOBEB 15, 1896. 

Alhol Sb Orange Street Railway Company — Issue of Capital Stock. 

In the matter of the petition of the directors of the Athol & Orange 
Street Railway Company for the approval by the Board under chapter 
462 of the Acts of 1894, of an issue of capital stock by said company 
to the amount of $60,000, for the purpose of building and equipping 
the railway of said company, — 

It appearing, after public notice and hearing, that said company 
has been incorporated under the general law of this Commonwealth, 
with an authorized capital stock of $60,000 ; that the issue of said 
capital stock has been duly authorized by vote of the stockholders of 
said company ; that the proposed purpose is necessary and lawful, 
and consistent with the public interest ; that an issue of capital stock 
is necessary in order to enable said company to carry out the same in 
good faith ; and 

It being deemed by the Board that an issue of capital stock to the 
amount of $60,000 is reasonably requisite for the purpose for which 
such issue is authorized, as hereinafter specified, — it is 



274 APPENDIX— STREET RAILWAY ORDERS. [Jan. 

Ordered^ That the Board aathorize and approve an issue by the 
said Athol & Orange Street Railway Company of not to exceed 
600 shares of its capital stock, amounting at the par value thereof to 
$60,000 ; the said shares, or the proceeds thereof, to be applied to 
the following purpose, and no other, namely : To defraying the neces- 
sary cost of building and equipping for electric power the railway of 
said company upon the locations heretofore duly granted to said com- 
pany in the towns of Athol and Orange. 

Said shares are to be issued to the subscribers to the capital stock 

of said company, or their assigns, upon the full payment of the par 

value of said shares in cash ; and any issues of stock heretofore made 

by said company, within and in accordance with the terms of this 

order, are hereby ratified and confirmed. 

Attest: Wk. A. Cbafts, 

CUrk. 
October 22, 1896. 



Leominster & Clinton Street Railway Company — Issue of Mortgage 

Bonds, 

In the matter of the petition of the Leominster & Clinton Street 
Railway Company for the approval by the Board, under chapters 378 
of the Acts of 1896 and 462 of the Acts of 1894, of an issue of 
mortgage bonds by said company to the amount of $125,000, for the 
purpose of building and equipping its railway and funding its floating 
debt contracted therein, and for other purposes set forth in said peti- 
tion, — 

It appearing, after public notice and hearing, and upon such further 
investigation as was deemed requisite, that an issue of mortgage bonds 
for the purposes aforesaid has been authorized by said chapter 378 of 
the Acts of 1896, and by the vote of a majority in interest of the 
stockholders of said company at a meeting called for the purpose ; 
that the purposes for which it is proposed to issue said bonds are 
necessary and lawful ; that the amount of bonds proposed to be issued 
will not exceed the capital stock of said company actually paid in 
cash, and that such issue is consistent with the public interests ; and 

It being deemed by the Board that an issue of bonds to the amount 
of $125,000 is reasonably requisite for the purposes for which such 
issue is authorized, as hereinafter specified, — it is 

Ordered^ That the Board approve an issue of coupon or registered 
bonds by the said Leominster & Clinton Street Railway Company, 
subject to the provisions of all general and special laws applicable to 
such issue, to an amount not to exceed $325,000 par value, payable 
at periods not exceeding thirty years from the date thereof) with in- 



1897.] STOCK AND BOND ISSUES. 275 

terest at a rate not to exceed five percent per annum, and secured by 
a mortgage of a part or of the whole of the railway, equipments, 
franchise, and other property, real and personal, of said company, 
now owned or hereafter acquired ; the said bonds or the proceeds 
thereof to be applied to the following purposes, and to no other, 
namely : — 

1. Bonds to an amount not to exceed $8,500 par value, or the 
proceeds thereof, shall be applied solely to paying and funding the 
floating debt of said company incurred in the construction of the 
roadbed, track and overhead electric system of an extension of its 
railway upon locations duly granted in the towns of Lancaster and 
Leominster, in accordance with the provisions of said chapter 378 of 
the Acts of 1896. 

2. Bonds to an amount not to exceed $4,500 par value, or the 
proceeds thereof, shall be applied solely to paying and funding the 
floating debt of said company incurred in the purchase and equip- 
ment of rolling stock necessary for the operation of said extension. 

3. Bonds to an amount not to exceed $5 500 par value, or the 
proceeds thereof, shall be applied solely to paying, retiring and re- 
funding other bonds of said company now outstanding, to wit, an 
issue of five per cent bonds to the amount of S5,500, maturing 
April 1, 1914. 

4. Bonds to an amount not to exceed $19,500 par value, or the 
proceeds thereof, shall be applied solely to paying and funding the 
floating debt of said company which had been incurred and was out- 
standing May 7, 1896, as authorized by said chapter 378 of the Acts 
of 1896. 

5. Bonds to an amount not to exceed $15,000 par value, or the 
proceeds thereof, shall be applied solely to paying and funding the 
floating debt of said company incurred in the purchase of land and 
the erection thereon of a car house, power house, and other necessary 
buildings for the use of said company and its employees in the oper- 
ation of its railway. 

6. Bonds to an amount not to exceed $39,500 par value, or the 
proceeds thereof, shall be applied solely to paying and funding the 
floating debt of said company incurred in the equipment of its power 
plant with generators and other electric apparatus, and in the erec- 
tion of a dam and other works, machinery and appliances necessary 
for the generation of electricity by water power. 

7. Bonds to an amount not to exceed $15,000 par value, or the 
proceeds thereof, shall be applied solely to paying and funding the 
floating debt of said company incurred in the purchase of land for 
the storage of water and for flowage rights, such purchase not to ex- 
ceed said amount of $15,000. 



276 APPENDIX— STREET RAILWAY ORDEEIS. [Jan. 

8. BoDds to an amount not to exceed $17,500 par value, or the 
proceeds thereof, shall be applied solely to funding the floating debt 
of said company incurred in the purchase of land, with the improve- 
ments and equipments thereon, for use as a pleasure resort, as au- 
thorized by an order of the Board of even date herewith. 

An order of the Board passed March 30, 1894, authorizing an issue 
by said company of mortgage bonds to the amount of $25,000, of 
which amount $5,500 only have been issued, is hereby revoked and 
rescinded as regards any further issue of bonds thereunder. 

Attest: Wm. A. Crafts, 

Clerk. 

NOYEHBEB 12, 1896. 

Quincy & Boston Street Railway Company — Increase and Issue of 
Capital Stocky and Market Value of New Shares. 

In the matter of the petition of the Quincy & Boston Street Rail- 
way Company for the approval by the Board, under chapters 462 of 
the Acts of 1894 and 130 of the Acts of 1896, of an issue of capital 
stock by said company to the amount of $110,000, in addition to the 
amount of $420,000 now outstanding or authorized, for the purpose 
of providing means for the purchase of the railway, franchise and 
property of the Braintree Street Railway Company, — 

It appearing, after public notice and hearing, that such purchase, 
and an increase and issue of capital stock therefor, have been author- 
ized by said chapter 130 of the Acts of 1896 ; that the proposed pur- 
pose is lawful and consistent with the public interest ; that an Increase 
and issue of capital stock are necessary in order to enable said com- 
pany to carry out the same in good faith ; and 

It being deemed by the Board that an issue of capital stock to the 
amount of $80,000 is reasonably requisite for the purposes for which 
such issue is aathorized, as hereinafter specified, — it is 

Ordered^ That the Board authorize and approve an increase of the 
capital stock of the said Quincy <& Boston Street Railway Company 
by the issue, subject to the provisions of all general and special laws 
applicable to such issue, of not to exceed 800 additional shares, amount- 
ing at the par value thereof to $80,000 ; the said shares, or the pro- 
ceeds thereof, to be applied to the following purposes, and no other, 
namely : — 

1. Stock to the amount of $21,000 par value, or the proceeds 
thereof, shall be applied solely to providing the means for the pur- 
chase of the railway, franchise, property, rights and easements of the 
Braintree Street Railway Company, by an exchange of shares or by 
cash payment for the shares of the capital stock of said last-named 



1897.] STOCK AND BOND ISSUES- 277 

company, in the manner and upon tbc conditions set forth in an order 
of the Board of even date herewith, approving the terms of such pur- 
chase. 

2. Stock to the amount of $30,000 par value, or the proceeds 
thereof, shall be applied solely to paying, retiring and cancelling the 
funded debt of said Braintree Street Railway Company, consisting of 
$35,000 (par value) of six per cent first mortgage bonds which ma* 
ture July 25, 1914, and which are to be assumed and paid by the 
petitioner as one of the terms of the purchase aforesaid : provided^ 
that no part of said $30,000 of stock shall be issued unless thereby 
all of said bonds can be fully paid, retired, and finally cancelled. 

3. Stock to the amount of $29,000 par value, or the proceeds 
thereof, shall be applied solely to paying and funding the existing 
floating debt of the said Braintree Street Railway Company, which 
debt is also to be assumed and paid by the petitioner as one of the 
terms of purchase approved as aforesaid. 

Provided^ That no stock shall be issued for any of the purposes 
above specified, until the railway, franchise, and all the property of 
said Braintree Street Railway Company shall have been duly con- 
veyed and transferred to the petitioner, in the manner and upon the 
terms approved as aforesaid ; nor until such increase and issue of 
capital stock have been first authorized by the vote of a majority in 
interest of the stockholders of said company at a meeting duly called 
for the purpose. 

And said company having also prayed the Board to determine the 
market value of said new shares of capital stock at the time of in- 
crease, at which the said shares, excepting such shares as may be 
used for the purposes of exchange as aforesaid, shall be offered pro- 
portionally to its stockholders, pursuant to the provisions of chapter 
472 of the Acto of 1894, — it is 

Ordered and determined by the Board, taking into account previous 
sales and other pertinent conditions, that such market value be fixed 
at one hundred and twenty dollars per share. 

Attest: Wm. A. Crafts, 

Clerk. 

NOYEMBEB 16, 1896. 



Dightonj Somerset & Suoansea Street Railvsay Company — Increase 
and Issue of Capital Stocky and Market Value of New Shares, 

In the matter of the petition of the directors of the Dighton, 
Somerset & Swansea Street Railway Company for leave to increase 
the capital stock of said company, under chapter 409 of the Acts of 



278 APPENDIX — STREET RAILWAY ORDERS. [Jan. 

1896, by tbe amount of $50,000, in addition to the amount of $125,- 
000 now authorized and outstanding, and for tbe approval by the 
Board, under chapter 462 of the Acts of 1894, of an issue of 
capital stock by said company to the amount of $50,000, for the pur- 
pose of paying and capitalizing the floating debt of said company 
incurred in the construction and equipment of its railway, and for 
other purposes set forth in said petition, — 

It appearing, after public notice and hearing, and upon an exami- 
nation of tbe assets and liabilities of said company, that said petition 
has been duly authorized by vote of the stockholders of said company ; 
that the proposed purposes are necessary and lawful, and consistent 
with the public interest ; that an increase of capital stock is necessary 
in order to enable said company to carry out the same in good faith ; 
and that such increase will not be beyond the value of tbe property 
of said company for railway purposes, including the cash to be paid 
in on such increase ; and 

It being deemed by tbe Board that an issue of capital stock to the 
amount of $50,000 is reasonably requisite for the purposes for which 
such issue is authorized, as hereinafter specified, — it is 

Ordered^ That the Board authorize and approve an increase of tbe 
capital stock of the said Dighton, Somerset <& Swansea Street Railway 
Company by the issue, subject to the provisions of all laws applicable 
to such issue, of not to exceed 500 additional, shares, amounting at 
the par value thereof to $50,000 ; the said increase, or the proceeds 
thereof, to be applied to the following purposes, and no other, 
namely : — 

1. Stock to an amount not to exceed $40,000 par value, or the 
proceeds thereof, shall be applied solely, to paying and capitalizing 
the existing floating debt of said company, which has been incurred 
in the construction and equipment of its railway upon the locations 
heretofore duly granted to said company in the towns of Dighton and 
Somerset. 

2. Stock to an amount not to exceed $10,000 par value, or the 
proceeds thereof, shall be applied solely to tbe purchase and electrical 
equipment of additional cars, including registers, headlights, fenders 
and heaters, to the erection of stations and platforms for passengers, 
and to tbe purchase and equipment of other property necessary for 
the operation of the railway of said company. 

And said company having also prayed the Board to determine the 
market value of said new shares of capital stock at the time of in- 
crease, at which tbe said shares shall be offered proportionally to its 
stockholders, pursuant to the provisions of chapter 472 of the Acts 
of 1894, — it is 



1897.] STOCK AND BOND ISSUES. 279 

Ordered and determined by the Board, taking into account previous 
sales and other pertinent conditions, that said market value, for the 
purpose aforesaid, be fixed at one hundred dollars per share. 

Attest: Wm. A. Crafts, 

Clerk. 

NOYBMBER 24, 1896. 



SotUhbridge Jb Sturhridge Street Railway Company — Issue of Capital 

Stock. 

In the matter of the petition of the Southbridge & Sturbridge Street 
Railway Company for the approval by the Board, under chapter 462 
of the Acts of 1894, of an issue of capital stock by said company to 
the amount of $60,000, for the purpose of building and equipping the 
railway of said* company, — 

It appearing, after public notice and hearing, and upon an exami- 
nation of the assets and liabilities of said company, that said company 
has been recently incorporated under the general law with an author- 
ized capital stock of $60,000 ; that said capital stock has been duly 
subscribed and paid in ; that said petition has been duly authorized 
by vote of the stockholders of said company ; that the proposed pur- 
pose is necessary and lawful, and consistent with the public interest ; 
that an issue of capital stock is necessary in order to enable said com- 
pany to carry out the same in good faith ; and that such issue will not 
be beyond the value of the property of said company ; and 

It being deemed by the Board that an issue of capital stock to the 
amount of $60,000 is reasonably requisite for the purpose for which 
such issue is authorized, as hereinafter specified, — it is 

Ordered^ That the Board authorize and approve an issue by the 
said Southbridge & Sturbridge Street Railway Company of not to ex- 
ceed 600 shares of its capital stock, amounting at the par value thereof 
to $60,000 ; the said shares, or the proceeds thereof, to be applied to 
the following purpose, and no other, namely : To paying and cap- 
italizing the necessary cost of building and equipping for electric 
power the railway of said company upon the locations heretofore duly 
granted to said company in the towns of Southbridge and Sturbridge* 

Said shares are to be issued to the subscribers to the capital stock 
of said company, or their assigns, upon the full payment of the par 

value thereof in cash. 

Attest: Wm. A. Crafts, 

Clerk. 

KOYBMBBR 24, 1896. 



280 APPENDIX— STREET RAILWAY ORDERS. [Jan, 

Southbridge & Siurhridge Street Railway Company — Issue of 

Mortgage Bonds. 

In the matter of the petition of the Soothbridge & Sturbridge 
Street Railway Company for the approval by the Board, under chap- 
ters 316 of the Acts of 1889 and 462 of the Acts of 1894, of an 
issue of mortgage bonds by said company to the amount of S50,000, 
for the purpose of paying and funding the floating debt of said com- 
pany incurred in the construction and equipment of its railway, and 
for other purposes set forth in said petition, — 

It appearing, after public notice and hearing, and upon an exami- 
nation of the assets and liabilities of said company, and after such 
further investigation as was deemed requisite, that an issue of mort- 
gage bonds to the amount aforesaid has been authorized by the vote 
of a majority in interest of the stockholders of said company at a 
meeting called for the purpose ; that the purposes for which it is pro- 
posed to issue said bonds are necessary and lawful ; that the value of 
the constructed tracks, equipments, and other real and personal prop- 
erty of said company, taken at a fair value for railway purposes, and 
excluding the value of the franchise, exceeds the amount of the 
capital stock outstanding and the debt ; that the amount of bonds 
proposed to be issued will not exceed the capital stock of said com- 
pany actually paid in cash, and that such issue is consistent with the 
public interests ; and 

It being deemed by the Board that an issue of bonds to the amount 
of $50,000 is reasonably requisite for the purposes for which such 
issue is authorized, as hereinafter specified, — it is 

Ordered^ Tiiat the Board approve an issue of coupon or registered 
bonds by the said Southbridge & Sturbridge Street Railway Com- 
pany, subject to the provisions of all laws applicable to such issue, 
to an amount not to exceed $50,000 par value, payable at periods 
not exceeding twenty years from the date thereof, with interest at a 
rate not to exceed five per cent per annum, and secured by a mort- 
gage of a part or of the whole of the railway, equipments, franchise, 
and other property, real and personal, of said company ; the said 
bonds or the proceeds thereof to be applied to the following pur- 
poses, and to no other, namely : — 

1. Bonds to an amount not to exceed $47,500 par value, or the 
proceeds thereof, shall be applied solely to paying and funding the 
existing floating debt of said company, which has been incurred in 
the construction and equipment of its railway, and in the purchase of 
real and personal estate necessary for the operation thereof. 

2. Bonds to an amount not to exceed $2,500 par value, or the 
proceeds thereof, shall be applied solely to the purchase and equip- 



1897.] STOCK AND BOND ISSUES. 281 

ment of soow ploughs, of heaters and scrapers for cars, and to the 
erection of a waiting station for passengers. 

Attest: Wk« A. Crafts, 

Clerk. 

KOYKMBBB 24, 1896. 

Newton Street Railway Company — Increase and Issue of Capital 

Stock. 

In the matter of the petition of the Newton Street Railway Com- 
pany for the approval by the Board, undetf chapters 375 of the Acts of 
1893 and 462 of the Acts of 1894, of an issue of capital stock by said 
company to the amount of 875,000, in addition to the amount of 
$135,000 previously authorized and outstanding, for the purpose of 
building and equipping extensions of the railway of said company, 
and for other purposes set forth in said petition, — 

It appearing, after public notice and hearing, that said petition has 
been duly authorized by vote of the stockholders of said company ; 
that said company has been authorized by said chapter 375 of the 
Acts of 1893 to increase its capital stock for the purposes aforesaid ; 
that the proposed purposes are necessary and lawful, and consistent 
with the public interest ; and that an issue of capital stock is neces- 
sary in order to enable said company to carry out the same in good 
faith; and 

It being deemed by the Board that an issue of capital stock to the 
amount of $75,000 is reasonably requisite for the purposes for which 
such issue is authorized, as hereinafter specified, — it is 

Ordered^ That the Board authorize and approve an increase of the 
capital stock of the said Newton Street Railway Company by the 
issue, subject to the provisions of all laws applicable to such issue, 
of not to exceed 750 additional shares, amounting at the par value 
thereof to $75,000; the said issue, or the proceeds thereof, to be 
applied to the following purposes, and no other, namely : To defray- 
ing the necessary cost of building and equipping for electric power 
extensions of the railway of said company upon locations heretofore 
dnly extended and granted to said company in the city of Waltham 
and town of Watertown, to the purchase of real estate necessary for 
the operation of its railway, for additional equipment, and for the 
building or procuring of power stations and car houses, in accordance 
with the provisions of said chapter 375 of the Acts of 1893. 

Any issues of shares heretofore made by said company within and 
in accordance with the terms of this order are hereby ratified and 
confirmed. Attest: Wk. A. Crafts, 

Clerk. 
Decbmbbb 11, 1896. 



282 APPENDIX — STREET RAILWAY ORDERS. [Jan. 



Newton Street Railway Company — Increase and Issue of Capital 

Stocky and Market Value of New Shares. 

In the matter of the petition of the Newton Street Railway Com- 
pany for the approval by the Board, under chapters 375 of the Acts 
of 1893 and 462 of the Acts of 1894, of an issue of capital stock by 
said company to the amount of $105,000, in addition to the amount 
of $210,000 now authorized and outstanding, for the purpose of 
building and equipping extensions of the railway of said company, 
and for other purposes set forth in said petition, — 

It appearing, after public notice and hearing, that said petition has 
been duly authorized by vote of the stockholders of said company ; 
that said company has been authorized by said chapter 375 of the 
Acts of 1893 to increase its capital stock for the purposes aforesaid ; 
that the proposed purposes are necessary and lawful, and consistent 
with the public interest ; and that an issue of capital stock is neces- 
sary in order to enable said company to carry out the same in good 
faith ; and 

It being deemed by the Board that an issue of capital stock to the 
amount of $105,000 is reasonably requisite for the purposes for which 
such issue is authorized, as hereinafter specified, — it is 

Ordered^ That the Board authorize and approve an increase of the 
capital stock of the said Newton Street Railway Company by the 
issue, subject to the provisions of all laws applicable to such issue, of 
not to exceed 1 ,050 additional shares, amounting at the par value 
thereof to $105,000 ; the said issue, or the proceeds thereof, to be 
applied to the following purposes, and no other, namely : — 

1. Stock to an amount not to exceed $48,000 par value, or the 
proceeds thereof, shall be applied solely to defraying the necessary 
cost of building and equipping for electric power an extension of the 
railway of said company from Newton to Waltham, on the Bemis 
line, so called. 

2. Stock to an amount not to exceed $14,000 par value, or the 
proceeds thereof, shall be applied solely to defraying the necessary 
cost of building and equipping for electric power an extension of the 
railway of said company to Auburndale in the city of Newton. 

8. Stock to an amount not to exceed $25,000 par value, or the 
proceeds thereof, shall be applied solely to defraying the necessary 
additional cost (in excess of the cost of the old track) of reconstruct- 
ing with heavier rails, block paving, etc., 12,600 feet of track on 
Washington Street in the city of Newton, including additional feed- 
ers for the overhead electric system. 



1897.] STOCK AND BOND ISSUES. 283 

4. Stock to an amonnt not to exceed $15,000 par valae, or the 
proceeds thereof, shall be applied solely to the purchase and equip- 
ment of additional rolling stock necessary for the operation of the 
raUway of said company. 

5. Stock to an amount not to exceed $3,000 par value, or the 
proceeds thereof, shall be applied solely to defraying the cost, or a 
portion thereof, of building a car house for use in the operation of 
said railway. 

And said company having also prayed the Board to determine the 
market value of said new shares of capital stock at the time of in- 
crease, at which the said shares shall be offered proportionally to its 
stockholders, pursuant to the provisions of chapter 472 of the Acts of 
1894, — it is 

Ordered and determined by the Board, taking into account previous 

sales and other pertinent conditions, that said market value, for the 

purpose aforesaid, be fixed at one hundred and twenty dollars per 

share. 

Attest: Wm. A. Crafts, 

Clerk. 
December U, 1896. 



284 APPENDIX — STREET RAILWAY ORDERS. [Jan. 



PLEASURE RESORTS. 



Oloucester & Bockport Street Railway Company — Park at Briar Neckj 

in Gloucester. 

In the matter of the petition of the Gloucester & Rockport Street 
Railway Company for the approval by the Board, under chapter 316 
of the Acts of 1895, of the acquisition and maintenance by said com^ 
pany of certain real estate, situate at ^* Briar Neck," so called, in the 
city of Gloucester, for use- as a pleasure resort, — 

It appearing, after public notice and hearing, and upon investiga- 
tion by the Board, that said petition has been authorized by vote of 
the stockholders of said company, and that the acquisition and 
maintenance of the pleasure resort in question may be not only 
advantageous to said company but beneficial to the public, — it is 

Ordered^ That the Board approve the acquisition by the said 
Gloucester & Rockport Street Railway Company of five adjacent 
parcels of land, situate at said Briar Neck in the city of Gloucester, 
containing about 11.6 acres, with the buildings, improvements, 
fixtures and equipments now on said land or used in connection 
therewith for purposes of lawful recreation and pleasure. Reference 
is to be had for a description of said land to two several deeds of 
Willard B. Ferguson and others to said company, both dated January 
28, 1895, and recorded with Essex (South District) deeds in Book 
1437, pages 33 and 35 ; also to a deed of Francis W. Homans and 
others to said company, dated February 12, 1895, and recorded with 
said deeds in Book 1478, page 548 ; also to a plan of said land made 
by Joseph R. Carr, civil engineer, entitled " Proposed Park Reser- 
vation for the Gloucester & Rockport Street Railway*'; copies of 
which deeds and plan are on file with the petition in this oflSce. 

The real estate and property aforesaid are to be held, equipped, 
maintained and used only for purposes of recreation and for a 
pleasure resort, in accordance with and subject to all the provisions 
of said chapter 316 of the Acts of 1895. 

Attest: Wm. A. Crafts, 

CUrk. 

JvNB 16, 1896. 



1897.] PLEASURE RESORTS. 285 



Fitckburg A Leominster Street Railway Company — Whalom Park 

in Lunenburg and Leominster. 

In the matter of the* petition of the Fitchbnrg & Leominster Street 
Railway Company for the approval by the Board, under chapter 316 
of the Acts of 1895, of the acquisition and maintenance by said 
company of certain real estate, known as ^' Whalom Park," for use as 
a pleasure resort, — 

It appearing, after public notice and hearing, and upon investiga- 
tion by the Board, that said petition has been authorized by vote of 
the stockholders of said company, and that the acquisition and main- 
tenance of the pleasure resort in question may be not only advanta- 
geous to said company but beneficial to the public, — it is 

Ordered^ That the Board approve the acquisition by the said Fitch- 
burg & Leominster Street Railway Company of two adjoining parcels 
of land, situate in the towns of Lunenburg and Leominster, contain- 
ing 55 acres, more or less, with the buildings, improvements, fixtures 
and equipments now on said land or used in connection therewith 
for purposes of lawful recreation and pleasure. Reference is to be 
had for a description of said land to the deed of Stillman Haynes to 
said company, dated August 1, 1893, and recorded in the Worcester 
(North District) Registry of Deeds, Book 68, page 23; and to the 
deed of Daniel Putnam to Henry A. Willis, dated August 11, 1896, 
and recorded in said Registry of Deeds, Book 102, page 81 ; and also 
to a plan of said land on file with the petition in this office. The cost 
of said parcels of land, with the improvements and equipments now 
thereon, is not to exceed 815,400. 

The real estate and property aforesaid are to be held, equipped, 
maintained and used only for purposes of recreation and for a pleas- 
ure resort, in accordance with and subject to all the provisions of 
said chapter 316 of the Acts of 1895. 

Attest: Wm. A. Crafts, 

Clerk, 

OOTOBBK 28, 1896. 

Leominster A Clinton Street Railway Company — Park in Leominster. 

In the matter of the petition of the Leominster & Clinton Street 
Railway Company for the approval by the Board, under chapter 316 
of the Acts of 1895, of the acquisition by said company of certain 
real estate for use as a pleasure resort, — 

It appearing, after public notice and hearing, and upon investiga- 
tion by the Board, that said petition has been authorized by vote of 



28C APPENDIX — STREET RAILWAY ORDERS- [Jan. 

the stockholders of said company, and that the aoqaisicion and main- 
tenance of such pleasure resort may be not only advantageous to the 
company but beneficial to the public, — it is 

Ordered^ That the Board approve the acquisition by the said Leom- 
inster & Clinton Street Railway Company of a tract of land, situate 
in the town of Leominster, containing 82 acres and 39,480 square 
feet, more or less, with the buildings, improvements, fixtures and 
equipments now thereon or used in connection therewith for purposes 
of lawful recreation and pleasure. Said land lies on the northeast- 
erly side of Lancaster Street, in said town, and includes the greater 
lx>rtion of the premises formerly known as the *^ linen mill lot," with 
other parcels of land and water adjacent thereto. Reference is to be 
bad for more particular description and boundary to a plan on file 
with the petition in this oflSce, entitled ^^ Plan of Land for the Leom- 
inster & Clinton Street Railway Park," dated November 5, 1896. 

The real estate and property aforesaid are to be acquired by said 
company at a cost not to exceed $17,600, and are to be held, equipped, 
maintained and used only for purposes of recreation and for a pleas- 
ure resort, in accordance with and subject to all the provisions of said 
chapter 316 of the Acts of 1895. 

Attest: Wm. A. Crafts, 

Clerk, 

NOYBVBBB 12, 1896. 



1897.] JOINT USE OF TRACKS. 287 



JOINT USE OF TRACKS. 



Tilt Hanover and the Bockland & Abington Street Railway Com,' 

panies. 

In the matter of the petition of the Hanover Street Railway Com- 
pany for the approval by the Board, under chapter 278 of the Acts 
of 1888, of the use by said company of certain tracks of the Rock- 
land & Abington Street Railway Company in the town of Rockland, 
after notice and public hearing, — it is 

Ordered^ That the Board approve the authority of the said Han- 
over Street Railway Company to run its cars over and U9e tlie tracks 
of the said Rockland & Abington Street Railway Company on Web- 
ster and Union streets in the town of Rockland, as set forth in a con- 
tract proposed to be entered into by said companies, a copy of which 
contract is on file in this office : subject^ howevery to such rights as 
the selectmen of said town have, or may hereafter have, under the 
laws of the Commonwealth, to regulate the use of said tracks and 
the operation of the railways of said companies within the limits of 
said town. Attest: Wm. A. Crafts, 

Clerk. 
Mat 18, 1896. 

The Commonwealth Avenue (of Newton) and the Newton & Boston 

Street Railway Companies. 

On the petition of the Commonwealth Avenue Street Railway Com- 
pany for the approval by the Board of an arrangement to run its 
cars over and use the tracks of the Newton <& Boston Street Railway 
Company on Walnut Street in the city of Newton, between Common- 
wealth Avenue and the terminus of said Newton <& Boston Street 
Railway in Newtonville in said city, — 

The Newton & Boston Street Railway Company having also re- 
quested that said petition be granted, and not desiring to be heard 
thereon, — it is 

Ordered^ That the Board approve the arrangement made by the 
Commonwealth Avenue Street Railway Company to run its cars over 
and use the tracks of the Newton & Boston Street Railway Company 
on Walnut Street in the city of Newton, between Commonwealth 
Avenue and the terminus of said Newton & Boston Street Railway 
in Newtonville in said city. 

Attest: Wm. A. Crafts, 

CUrk. 

AvousT 5, 1896. 



288 APPENDIX — STREET RAILWAY ORDERS. [Jan. 



The Newton & Boston and the Commonwealth Avenue {of Nevoton) 
and Welledey & Boston Street Railway Companies. 

In the matter of the application of the Newton & Boston Street 
Railway Company for the approval of tbe joint use by said company 
of certain tracks of the Commonwealth Avenue Street Railway Com- 
pany and the Wellesley & Boston Street Railway Company, — it is 

Ordered^ That the Board approve the authority of the said Newton 
& Boston Street Railway Company to run its cars over the tracks of 
the said Commonwealth Avenue Street Railway Company and Welles- 
ley & Boston Street Railway Company, on Commonwealth Avenue 
and Washington Street in the city of Newton, in the manner and 
within the limits set forth in an agreement entered into by said com. 
pauies under date of September 11, 1896, a copy of which agreement 
is on file in this office : subject^ however^ to such rights as the boanl 
of aldermen of said city have, or may hereafter have, under the laws 
of the Commonwealth, to regulate the use of said tracks and the oper- 
ation of said railways. 

Attest: Wm. A. Crafts, 

CUrk. 
Sbptembbr 21, 1896. 



The Haverhill^ Georgetown & Danvers and the Lowell^ Lawrence A 

Haverhill Street Railway Companies, 

In tbe matter of the petition of the Haverhill, Georgetown & Dan- 
vers Street Railway Company for approval of authority to run its cars 
over and use the tracks of the Lowell, Lawrence & Haverhill Street 
Railway Company on certain streets in the town of Bradford and city 
of Haverhill, — 

It appearing that all parties in interest have been notified, and have 
consented thereto or have waived further notice in writing, — it is 

Ordered^ That the Board approve the authority given to the said 
Haverhill, Georgetown & Danvers Street Railway Company to run its 
cars over and use the tracks of the said Lowell, Lawrence & Haver. 
hill Street Railway Company, on Main Street in said town of Brad- 
ford, between its junction with Salem Street and the highway bridge 
connecting Bradford and Haverhill, and on said bridge, and on Bridge 
Street in said city of Haverhill, by and in accordance with the provi- 
sions of chapter 384 of the Acts of 1893, and with the terms of an 
agreement entered into by and between said street railway companies 
on October 24, 1896, a copy of which agreement is on file with the 
petition in this office : subject^ however^ to such rights as the select- 
men of said town and the board of aldermen of said city have, or may 



1897.] LOCATIONS AND MOTIVE POWER. 289 

hereafter have, under the lawB of the Commonwealth, to regulate the 
nae of said tracks and the operation of said railways within their 
respectiTe limits. Attest : Wm. A. Crafts, 

Clerk. 

NOYBMBEB 19, 1896. 



LOCATIONS AND USE OF ELECTRIC POWER. 



West Baxbury A RoalindaJe Street Railway Company — Approval 
of Locations and of the Use of Electric Power in Boston. 

In the matter of the application of the West Rozbnry & Roslindale 
Street Railway Company for approval of locations, all parties appear- 
ing to be interested having received or waived notice, — it is 

Ordered^ That the Board approve the locations granted said com- 
pany by the board of aldermen of the city of Boston, by its order of 
June 8, 1896, on Washington and South streets in said city ; and that 
permission be also given for making such underground and surface 
alterations, and for the erection and use of such structures, in said 
streets, as are necessary to establish and maintain the electric over- 
head system of motive power for the operation of its railway upon 
the locations aforesaid, pursuant to the terms of said order. 

Attest: Wm. J. McCullough, 

Assistant Clerk, 
JxjKR 15, 1896. 

West End Street BaUway Company — Approval of Locations and of 
the Use of Electric Power in Boston^ Brooklinej Cambridge^ Everett j 
Medford and SomervUle. 

On the petition of the West End Street Railway Company, after 
due notice and a public hearing, at which the petitioner was repre- 
sented by its vice-president and no party appeared to object, — it is 

Ordered^ That the Board approve certain locations granted to said 
company by the board of aldermen of the city of Boston, namely, 
locations numbered 96 to 112, inclusive, in the records of said city; 
also certain locations of tracks and poles, electric rights and Joint use 
of poles of other corporations, granted to said company by the boards 
of aldermen of the cities of Cambridge, Somerville, Medford and 
Everett, respectively, and by the selectmen of the town of Brookline, 
as set forth in a ^^ Memorandum of locations " dated March 5, 1896, 
and filed with the petition in the office of the Board. 

Attest: Wm. A. Crafts, 

Clerk, 
JUX.T 16, 1896. 



290 APPENDIX — STREET RAILWAYS. [Jan. 



CHANGE OF NAME. 



Change of Name of Clinton Street Railway Company to Leom- 
inster & Clinton Street Railway Company. 

Lboxinbtbb, July II, 1896. 

I hereby certify that the following is a tme copy of a vote passed 
ananimously at a special meeting of the stockholders of the Clinton 
Street Railway Company, duly called and held for this among other 
purposes at Leominster, May 27, 1896, a majority of the stockholders 
being present, and 250 shares being represented, at the meeting. 

George H. Cook, 

Clerk. 

[Copt.] 

Votedj That this corporation change its name to Leomintter & Clinton 
Street Raihvay Company^ as authorized by chapter 878 of the Acts of the 
Legislature of the year 1896. 



ORGANIZATION OF NEW STREET RAILWAY COMPANIES. 



Certificates of compliance with the requirements of the general law 
preliminary to incorporation, were issued to the following new street 
railway companies, during the last calendar year : — 

Brockton, Bridgewater & Taunton, .... July 20, 1896. 

Mystic Valley, March 23, 1896. 

Norfolk Central, April 15,1896. 

Randolph, May 19, 1896* 

Rockport, May 18, 1896. 

Southbridge & Sturbridge, February 18, 1896. 

Warren, Brookfield & Spencer, . . .- . . February 21, 1896. 

West Roxbury & Roslindale, February 19, 1896. 

Wobum & Reading, May 7, 1896. 



1 



1897.] MISCELLANEOUS. 291 



[F.] 
MISCELLANEOUS ORDERS. 



Issue of Capital Stock and Bonds bt the Massachusetts Mar- 
itime Canal Company. 

In Board of Bailboad Coxmissionbbb and Harbor and Land 
Commissioners, sitting as a Joint Board, September 29, 1896. 

In the matter of the petition of the Massachusetts Maritime Canal 
Company for the approval by the said joint Board, ander chapters 
542 of the Acts of 1896 and 462 of the Acts of 1894, of an issue of 
capital stock by said company to the amount of $6,000,000, and also 
of an issue of bonds by said company to the amount of $6,000,000, 
for the purpose of building and equipping a ship canal, and of de- 
fraying the cost and expense incident thereto, as set forth in said 
petition, — 

It appearing, after public notice and hearing, that said company 
has been chartered by said chapter 542 of the Acts of 1896 for the 
purpose of constructing and maintaining a ship canal extending from 
Buzzard's bay to Cape Cod or Barnstable bay, through the towns of 
Bourne and Sandwich, or either of them, with an authorized capital 
stock of $6,000,000, and with authority also to issue bonds not to 
exceed its capital stock at the time actually paid in ; and 

It being deemed by the said joint Board that an issue of capital 
stock and an issue of bonds by said company to an amount not to 
exceed $6,000,000 each, to be issued from time to time as hereinafter 
provided, may be reasonably requisite for the purposes for which 
sach issues have been authorized as aforesaid, — it is 

Ordered J That the said joint Board approve an issue by the said 
Massachusetts Maritime Canal Company, subject to the provisions of 
all general and special laws applicable to such issue, of not to exceed 
in the whole 60,000 shares of its capital stock, amounting at the par 
value thereof to $6,000,000, and of not to exceed in the whole at the 
par value thereof $6,000,000 of its bonds, payable at periods not ex- 
ceeding fifty years from the date thereof, with interest at a rate not 
to exceed five per cent per annum, and secured by a mortgage of its 
franchise, canal, equipment, and all of its property, real and personal ; 
the said stock and bonds, or the proceeds thereof, to be applied to 



292 APPENDIX — ORDERS. [Jan. 

the purposes set forth and specified in said chapter 542 of the Acta 
of 1896, and to no other purpose; and the issues of the said stock 
and bonds to be made in the manner and upon the terms and condi- 
tions following, and not.otherwise : — 

1. The capital stock of said company shall be duly subscribed, 
and said company shall be duly organized, and its corporate organi- 
zation shall be duly maintained, as regards the choice of officers and 
otherwise, in the manner provided in the general laws of this Common- 
wealth relating to railroad cor[)orations. It shall have its office and 
hold its meetings in this Commonwealth ; and its books, records and 
contracts shall be submitted to said joint Board, whenever requested 
by it. for examination. 

2. No shares of stock or bonds shall be issued except upon pay- 
ment of the par value thereof in cash, or in payment for labor per- 
formed and material furnished in construction, or in payment for 
property acquired, as authorized by said chapter 542 of the Acts 
of 1896. 

3. All certificates of stock and all bonds of said company shall be 
certified and issued only by and through the New England Trust 
Company of Boston, or some other Massachusetts trust company 
approved by said joint Board, under an indenture of trust of which 
the terms and conditions have been also so approved ; and the same 
trust company shall be made the trustee in the mortgage securing the 
bonds. 

4. Upon the due authorization by votes of the stockholders of 
said Canal Company of issues of its capital stock and mortgage bonds 
to the amounts aforesaid, and upon the due execution and delivery of 
such indenture of trust and mortgage, said Canal Company may exe- 
cute and deliver to such trust company its certificates of stock and 
mortgage bonds to an amount not exceeding at par $6,000,000 each ; 
but the said certificates of stock and bonds shall be certified and 
issued by such trust company only as follows : — 

(1) Stock to the amount of $100,000, and bonds to a like amount, 
shall be certified and issued to said Canal Company, or its order, as 
soon as a deposit of $200,000 has been made by said Canal Company 
with the treasurer of the Commonwealth, in accordance with the pro- 
visions of section 23 of said chapter 542 of the Acts of 1896. 

(2) Said trust company may certify and issue in like manner 
such further amounts of stock and bonds, not to exceed in the aggre- 
gate (including the issues above mentioned) $6,000,000 each, as 
from time to time, on the application of said Canal Company, shall 
have been approved and certified by said joint Board, in the manner 
provided in chapter 462 of the Acts of 1894, as reasonably requisite 
to enable said Canal Company, promptly and in good faith, to carry 



1897.] MISCELLANEOUS. 293 

out the purposes set forth and specified in said chapter 542 of the 
Acts of 1896 : provided ^ that the total amount of bonds so approved, 
certified and issued shall at no time exceed the total amount of capi- 
tal stock then actually paid in and outstanding as aforesaid. 



JOHN E. SANFORD, 
WILLIAM J. DALE, Jr., 
GEORGE W. BISHOP, 



Railroad 
Commissioner 8, 



WOODWARD EMERY, ) Harbor and Land 
CHAS. H. HOWLAND, J Commissioners. 



Dismissal op Petition of Cape Cod Ship Canal Compant. 

Ik Board of Harbor and Land Commissioners and Railroad 
Commissioners, sitting as a Joint Board, November 13, 1896. 

In the matter of the application of the Old Colony Railroad Com- 
pany for the dismissal of a petition of the Cape Cod Ship Canal 
Company, — 

It appearing that said last-named company, on October 22, 1891, 
filed with said joint Board a petition, under chapter 222 of the Acts 
of 1887, asking said Board to determine, ^r«^, the point or points at 
which, by alteration of the location of the Old Colony Railroad Com- 
pany, it should cross the Cape Cod Ship Canal, and, second^ the 
question whether said canal should be crossed by a public highway, 
and, if so, at what point and in what manner ; 

And it also appearing that no final order has been passed, or de* 
cision made, on said petition by said joint Hoard, and that for a long 
time no steps have been taken in behalf of the petitioner for the 
further prosecution thereof, — it is 

Ordered, The counsel of record for the petitioner having been noti- 
fied and making no objection thereto, that the said petition be dis- 
missed for want of prosecution. 

WOODWARD EMERY, ) Harbor and Land 
CHARLES H. HOWLAND, I Commissioners. 



JOHN E. SANFORD, ) Eailroad 

GEORGE W. BISHOP, ) Commissioners. 



J94 APPENDIX— OFFICE EXPENSES. 'JaD.^7. 



[G.] 



EXPENSES OF OFFICE. 



Beat of oflSoe« $2^500 00 

Janitor and measeDger, €00 00 

Bridge EogiDeer and other experta, S,888 00 

Expenses of Bailroad InspectorB. 446 ^^ 

Sfcenographj and extra clerical service, 105 53 

Printing and binding, 346 97 

Stalionerj and office supplies, 192 65 

Newspapers and periodicals, 76 45 

Advertising, 18 75 

Telephone and telegrams, 169 05 

Postage 135 00 

Expressage, 101 06 

Travelling expenses, 54 75 

Tjpewriter supplies, 49 04 

Carpets, furniture and repairs 143 IS 

Gas and Ice, 33 90 

Sundry incidentals, 71 SS 

Total Office Expenses,*' (8,330 08 

* Not inelndiog uUriM fixed by statuto. 



TABULATED AND COMPARATIVE STATEMENTS 



COMPILED FBOX THB 



Returns of Railroad Corporations 



70R THB 



Year ending Junk 30, 1896. 



CONTENTS OF TABLES. 



RAILROAD CORPORATIONS. 



Tabulated Statements. 
Description of Railroads Owned and Operated. 

Colamn Pace 

Termini, 1 300 

Length of main and branch lines, 2 SCO 

in Massachusetts, ...... 2 300 

Length of second, third and fourth main track, . . 3 800 

in Massachusetts, 3 300 

Length of side track, 4 300 

in Massachusetts, 4 300 

Total length, computed as single track, .... 5 300 

Tabulation of Returns — Assets, Liabilities, etc. 

Attleborough Branch, 20 324 

Berkshire, 21 324 

Boston & Albany, 6 312 

Boston & Lowell, 22 324 

Boston & Maine, 7 812 

Boston & Providence, 23 324 

' Boston, Revere Beach & Lynn, 8 812 

Cape Ann Granite, 9 312 

Central Massachusetts, 24 325 

Central Vermont, 10 312 

Chatham 25 325 

Connecticut River, 26 325 

Danvers, 27 325 

Fall River, 28 325 

Fitchburg, 11 316 

Grafton & Upton, 12 316 

Holyoke & Westficld, 29 326 

Hoosac Tunnel & Wilmington, 13 316 

Horn Pond Branch, 30 326 

Lowell & Andover, 31 326 

Martha's Vineyard, 14 316 

Milford, Franklin & Providence, 32 326 

Milford & Woonsocket, 33 326 



298 RAILROAD CORPORATIONS. [Jan. 

Tabulation of Retubns — Assets, Liabilitibs, etc. — Con- 
cluded. Ootamn ?««• 

Nantasket Beach, 34 327 

Nanlacket Central, 36 327 

Nashua, Acton & Boston, 36 327 

Nashua & Lowell, 37 327 

Newburyport, 38 327 

New England 16 320 

New Haven & Northampton, 39 328 

New London Northern, 40 328 

New York & New England, 15 320 

New York, New Haven & Hartford, .... 17 820 

North Brookfield, 41 328 

Norwich & Worcester, 42 328 

Old Colony 43 329 

Pittsfield & North Adams, 44 329 

Plymouth & Middleborough, 45 329 

Providence & Springfield, 46 329 

Providence, Webster & Springfield, 47 829 

Providence & Worcester, 48 380 

Rhode Island & Massachusetts, 49 330 

Southbridge, Sturbridge & Brookfield, .... 50 330 

Stockbridge & Pittsfield, 51 330 

Stony Brook, 52 330 

Union Freight, 18 320 

Vermont & Massachusetts, 53 331 

Ware River, 54 831 

West Stockbridge, 55 331 

Worcester, Nashua & Rochester, ..... 56 331 

Worcester & Shrewsbury, . • 19 320 

Comparative Statements. 

Cost, Capital Stock and Net Debt per Mile of Road 
Owned. 

Construction, 57 334 

Equipment, 58 334 

Total permanent investments, 59 334 

Capital Stock, 60 334 

Net debt, 61 334 

Total capital stock and net debt, 62 334 

Earnings and Expenses op Operation. 

Passenger revenue, 63 335 

Freight revenue, ' . . . 64 335 

Other earnings from operation, 65 335 

Gross earnings from operation, 66 335 

Operating expenses, • . . . 67 335 

Net earnings from operation, 68 835 

Percentage of operating expenses to gross earnings, . ' 69 335 



1897.] INDEX TO TABLES. 299 

Earnings and Expenses per Mile of Road Operated. 

Column P«g« 

Gross earnings from operation, 70 3S6 

Operating expenses, 71 336 

Net earnings from operation, 72 336 

Earnings and Expenses per Revenue-Train Mile. 

Gross earnings from operation, 73 336 

Operating expenses, 74 336 

Net earnings from operation, 75 336 

Repairs, Wages and Fuel, per Total Train Mile. 

Repair of roadbed, 76 337 

Renewal of rails, 77 337 

Repair of bridges 78 337 

Repair of locomotives, 79 337 

Repair of passenger, baggage and mail cars, ... 80 337 

Repair of freight cars, 81 337 

Wages, 82 337 

Fuel 83 337 

Cost of Repairs. 

Per locomotive, 84 338 

Per passenger, baggage and mail car, .... 85 338 

Per freight car, 86 338 

Averages. 

Per passenger : average journey, 87 338 

Per ton of freight : average haul, 88 338 

Per train mile : average passengers, .... 89 338 

Per train mile : average tons of freight, .... 90 338 

Comparison of Returns for Years 1895 and 1896, . . . 340 

Summary of Returns for Years 1890 to 1896, inclusive, . 342 



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1897.] DESCEIPTION OF RAILROADS. 



§1118 


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1897.] 



DESCRIPTION OF RAILROADS. 



305 



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1897.] DESCRIPTION OF SAILBOADS. 



1 i 


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RAILROAD CORPORATIONS. [J«n. 

8SgSS§S2SS I Sgg SS8 



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1897.] DESCRIPTION OF RAILROADS. 

SO O O O C OO Q Q O O O OO O O Q O OO OO O OO 

^CQ ^ t- ^«>0 A ^ 00 ^£ f^ CC 0a ^ (C oa t« <-< to D^ CO O to '4* 

U T-< 00 O to G4 C4 Ol C4 fO V^ GO 00 lO 7: O T-* r^ O -4^ E0 C^ 4^ 

QQ O Q O Q O O O o o CJ Ci~ C O O O O O ^~ 

o * '-• o5 r^ OO to CD to ff* 30 o CO o ^ r^ c?^ ji p-* 

O O O O O C? O O 0~0 O 0~Q QOOOQOOO O p O 

S .w™ CO r~oB<o too « cc o S OQ r~ — o oi — O t- «0 
« lO cr^ (9 c^ o5 4 ?^ v^ *-■ lO do w cpn COC4 ■o'a ^-^ -^ ^-^ 

I I I . I I . . I r ii . I 1 . I ill . , . i 1 I . 

OOpOQOOOOOOOQOQOOOOpOQ 

■^ —HO -BiaOOto ■* imo !Oi-. oooi S iflpo io So to 1 I I i I 
' 15 us t- -o M ■-• 00 ci o .-• lO ui 'eir-Ioo '«e^ 

-1- — to-<>ooo<0'WO«iotot~oicjiaOinooiootoioior-«»u3 

■O li t- KJ w~ CC »i "O ■-« lO >> IN t- OO I- MiN "ooi '— <n 

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RAILROAD CORPORATIONS. 



[Jan. 






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1897.] 



DESCRIPTION OF RAILROADS. 



311 



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RAILROAD CORFORATIONS. 



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1897.] 



TABULATION OF RETURNS. 



313 



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253,844 

19,728 

273,572 


188,576 

45,434 

9,101 


34,000 
277.111 



i-« M 00 C^ »-• O 

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co(Mc»oocoo -co 

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314 



RAILROAD CORPORATIONS. 



[Jan, 




1897.] TABULATION OF RETURNS. 



■I^'?' 'SJ 



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RAILROAD CORPORATIONS. 



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1897.] TABULATION OF RETURNS. 

,,,8,8,8 8 8 I .1 ,1 , ,1 



3 



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31 « 



RAILROAD CORPORATIONS. 



[Jan. 



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1897.] TABULATION OF RETURNS. 






$S°'S S&®S2 



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320 



RAILROAD CORK)RATIONS. 



[Jan. 



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1897.] 



TABULATION OF RETURNS. 



sa , 8 s aas 






i^ 



^^■*l^.CilM mS^ <-l-r-fl;.iil «>-l 



t-mOte>«SSo wSoi^i 



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19 



322 



RAILROAD CORPORATIONS. 



[Jan. 






09 
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1897.J 



TABULATION OF RETURNS. 



tetlSoj 1= i~ -r OS toe^—eitp 

«< ■- -o g — r^Too ■- — 



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if 



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sjs.ri; ' 

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^324 



RAILROAD CORPORATIONS. 



[Jan. 



a 
a 

a 
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t« 00 04 t<*CO 

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1897.] 



TABULATION OF RETUENS. 



325 



> 



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a 



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00 

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326 



RAILROAD CORPORATIONS. 



[Jan. 



a2 

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1897.] 



TABULATION OF RETURNS. 



827 



a 
a 

a 
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M 



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328 



RAILROAD CORPORATIONS. 



[Jan. 





4 








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ft? 


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M 


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00 




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8 



8 8 



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coo 
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00 



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ooo . oo 



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>^oS r* 

m 9' m i^ •> 

f-«00»00 -^ 

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00 00 




8^8 



,rj«o 

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'^i-^OOO* 
tN> o ^ 1^ oo 



or^tH 

CO'-' 



oio4O0> 



i 



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o 
o 






ooo 



00 
iO 



gOQ«D 00 

lO ^oo O 



cotooeoko 



aQcoo940 



oo 
coo 


C4CO 


c^oo 


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s 



~ lOOOCOOOOO 

f-icooor^t> 



00 o« 



o»ooo 

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5 ® g 

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o 
w 

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1 

s. 



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a 



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1897.] 



TABULATION OF RETUENS. 



329 



a 
a 

a 
o 



00 



8 

ft? 



•9 



I 



<) s 

M M 

P s 



£ 



M 



M 

O 

K 
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8 « 

i £ 

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e 

o 
ea 
w 

• 2 



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H 



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ij 2 

M X 



o 
o 

o 

o 
■J 

o 



• 
CO 



o 

a 

;3 



CO S« S 

oo ^ ^ 



<o S 



CO 



coco 

oo 

00 -^ 
94 






So 



00 



Oco 

<oo> 
CO -^ 



I I 



I 



8 8 

o ' ' ' 'o 

CO CO 



88 .8 8 






s 

co 
CI 



00 
CO 



888 

OtN-r^ o 

O "^ '^ • 
iqC>^C>.CO 



t>. ^ ^ 

OO CO OO 



I I I I 



8 88 8 



s 

s 



I I I I I I I I 



CO 



o 

00 



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«h(N 00 



t>.00 

00 1-t 
00 *H 



I I I 



o 
o 

o 

8 

o 



8. .8 



I I 



o 



o 



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<M 94 94 




I I 



r-iOO 04 OOCO O 

t*ao t^oioioo 



o>S 



800 00 Q 00 
r-4 r-i O lO 0> 
O kO 0> 04 1^ CO 



0> 040004 




COOO r-t 
04 



C4 



« f-H»H 



coo«rN.»o 

• •» •• ^ 

t^oooco 

kO-^«-4 04 
00 



^^oooo 

t^O»00OO 


o 

1** 


CO CO o> oo oo • 

00 00 bTisTi^, 
CO t-^coooqp 
t> COOO 


CO 

•• 

Ol 



09 

H 
b3 
oo 
CO 



o 



0) OQ 

2 00 

a 


03 

♦-So 






c 

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d 

a 



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en 

en 

u 

£ 

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n 

H 

'to 

CO 

CO 
CO 

i 




13 



8 


•> 

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"w 


u-S 










•^N 


s 


TS 


»^i5 


o 




9 


9^ 


^ 


1^ 


a 


3 CD 


o 


CQ^ 


g 


5 


« 


o 


Pm 


H 



• <* »■ 



330 



RAILROAD CORPORATIONS. 



[Jan. 



£ 



8- 



M 

I 



I 



o» 



to 



00 40 

ooa»-<4t 

o^r>-o 

'«•' r-oo 

«> M •> 

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o 



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8S 



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CO 



04 



«-< O tH lO 

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--•o • — CO 

09 04 






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o 

aa 

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04 r»ao 



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o »o«o 

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r-^ 00 o^ 

00 Oi 



g 



00 
00 



r^O 

i-»0 



1-1 o 



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04 



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09 01 



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o 



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rH OO 



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o 

00 



8 



CO 



7 <«• 






CO 



CO 



1 I 



ooo 

kOO 

00 Oft 
*^ OO 

»ooo 
o««^ 



o 
o 



I I 



o 
o 




OO 
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ooo 

OO 



Sooooft 
O • O CO 
OftOO — 00 

C3»0 "^ -^ 



OO 

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01 00 

CO 00 

r>. o« 

09 00 



OO 
iOOft 

00 t^ 

o ^ 

00 OO 

o^ 

r-« Ol 





09 00 O Oft o 
i-H OOOOlO 

r>. OO O 
•o — o 

w » * ^ •• 

i>-»co o»o 

■^ Oft »o iO 
•♦• OO OO 



O9 0O 
0« 



r. 









'A 



o 
o 
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o 









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00 
Si 

U 



8 

08 



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OS 



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00 











a. 



CO 

H 

CO 

< 

CO 

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OS 



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5 

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a 

0} OQ 

II 






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s 



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S a a 
S I 



1897.] 



TABULATION OF RETURNS. 



331 



«0 



ft; 









Oi 00 

QOCO 

O CO 

^ •• 

00 i-» 



1-1 00 

CO oo 

lOO 

so 



ooo 
ooo 



» •» ^ #fe 

o><otN>oo 

00 1^ o 



'a 

«--l O^ 0> O 0» CO 

go *^ 00 o ^ 00 r>- 
CO O »f5 <M • 00 C^ 

o »o c»» ©< (N iC o oa 

^ •» «» «i «i #k #h 

g©«lO !>• 00 "^00 
00 CO kO T~4 tA 
C4 ^4 rH '^ 




8 
8 

CO 

o> 

CO 



I I 



o 






8 . .88 



I I 






CO 

00 



CO 

Oi 

oo 



O O 00 l» 00 *o 

00 00 00 - -^ 



a 



3 



C4 c« 

00 00 

CO CO 



o 



o 



C4 04 

00 00 

oo CO 

coco 

CO 1-1 
0Ot-< 



I I 






o 
o 



o 

o _ 



I I 



CO 

< 

k4 



00 -*< coooco 

tN. cfi -^ O 00 

CO CO o CO oo 

•O00<N (NCO 

r- c^ ho 00 o 

»> •> »> * » 

lO •-o o>i> 
o» CO lO *-• 

COC4 O 

kA CO 



8 



O OS CS 
O 00 00 




o o oo t^ 

o o o o o» 

O O Q oo O 

oo O 0000 • o 

>0 O lO >0 CO *o 



00 O C4 O 
Oi O »o "^ 
1-1 O CO X 

oo T-« 1-^ lO 



o> 



oo 1-^ »-< 






9 

a 

OS 

a 

w 

o 



•3 



a 

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'A 






H 

012 



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33 



a, OS 



o 

(id 

u . 

H 

Q " 

w ^ 



3 

Pi 

•JO 



o 

GO 






*J -M PJ 

S fl w 

O i> <''' 

c H * 

OS g*^ 

g S cx|§ 

O w •«-• oS 



ri pa 
s 

o 
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a 



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OS 



a; 
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p2 

^^ 

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6 
< 



9* 

s • • 

c; CO 

to 5» '^ 
CO 



^ ^. 



o 



C»^ CO 



a 
o 

CO 

o 






£•5 

« g 
Is 

OS <a 

o :2 

OB CO 

»3 o 



COMPARATIVE STATEMENTS 

OF THE 

CONDITION AND OPEKATIONS 

I 

OF THE LKADma 

Railroad Corporations of the State. 



COMPILED FROM THE RETURNS 

FOB THE 

Tear ending June 30, 1896. 



334 



RAILROAD CORPORATIONS. 



[Jan. 



Q 
O 

P 
1-^ 

o 

o 

H 
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p 

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oo 


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s 


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9 


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CO 


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CN 


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o 


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10 




















































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5 




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8 


1 


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00 


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^ 


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t^ 


00 


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00 


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r^ 




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m 




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to 


t>- 


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Oi 


»o 


t>- 


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Oi 


O 




u 


oo 


O 


00 


00 


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to 


00 


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1 




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0m 






a 

a 


§ 


m 




• 

1 


• 




s 




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s 

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o 

§ 




• 

1 


o 




1 
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^ 
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f 




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d 








a 


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d 


g 


H 


n 


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o 

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< 




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1 


B 
S 




5 


ii 






1 




1 



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a 



o 

o 



•o 

08 

C 

o 
.a 

•8 





to 

(3 3 

a « 



2 

o 



1897.] 



COMPARATIVE STATEMENTS. 



335 



d 

d 

o 

O 









.2 



a 

09 



Si 





'*' 9 




























'^ - •' « 


'^ 


t- 


«-< 


oo 


»o 






CO 

• 


• 


00 

• 


• 


CO 






«o 


o 






Oi 




CO 


t^ 


t^ 


t- 


CO 
















• ^, 














u 














? 


00 


r^ 


CO 


Oi , 


v>4 




»o 


•o 




Oi 


»c 






<o 


00 


Oi 


r^ 


00 




« g 


»o 


c^ 


■^ 


Oi 


o 




s ^ 


Tf 

^ 


00 


-^ 

•» 


CO 


^. 




^^ o 


t>. 


<N 


'^ 


Oi 


00 




' i 


"^ 


Oi 


TJI 


CO 


o 




»— 1 


Oi 


(-4 


CO 


c^ 




• i 


*» 


#> 


•k 


*» 


» 




CO 


•o 


<M 


1-1 


Oi 




• 


^*' 










bo 


o 


o 


^ 


«-H 


Oi 




c 


Oi 


I^ 


o 


1^ 


•o 




2 t 


•o 


a> 


CO 


CO 


CO 




a 


t^ 


CO 


*-H 


f-^ 


<>^ 




f- 


o> 


oo 


•o 


<N 


» 


? ^ 


CO 


•> 
CO 


c^ 


00 




o 


la 


o 


o 


CO 


r^ 


oo 




©< 


o 


'«+' 


(N 


1-H 


i 


CO 


m 

-^ 






m* 




d^ 


rH 






<N 


a. 










i 




O 




CO 


1^ 


t>. 


o 


o 


O 


« g 


■^ 


C«4 


r-t 


»-H 


f-< 




1 Ig 


Ol 


00 


»o 


-«* 


o 


» 


CO 


CO 


CO 


«-4 


oo 




«t 




t-. 




^. 


6. 


o 


o> 


CO 


oo 


»o 


K 




•o 


o> 


o 


^ 


** 


M 


CO 


-^^ 


CO 




« 


a 


OS 


o 


t^ 


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o 


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C«4 






oo 




o 


o 


o> 


■^ 


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4 


1-1 


t>- 


o 




00 


(2 


CO 


s 


»— 1 


00 


»o 


^^ 


s S 


o> 


^ 


CO 


00 


•^ 




— c; 


«k 


tfk 


^ 


^^ 


•» 




«; £ £• 


00 


-* 


CO 


o 


Oi 




S|o 


g 


T-l 


CO 


(N 


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Railhoad Corporatioks. 



COMPARISON OF RETURNS 



rOB THE 



Years 1895 and 1896, 



AND 



SUMMARY OF RETURNS 



TOR THS 



Years 1890 to 1896, inclusive. 



340 



RAILROAD CORPORATIONS. 



[JaD« 



Railroad Corporations. 
Comparison of Returns for the Tears 1895 and 1896, 



MILEAGE, ASSETS, ETC. 



1899. 



1S»«. 



Increase. 



I)t^cn*aBc. 



Description of Road 
Owned. 

Len^h of road and branches, . 

io Maaaaohoaetta, 
Length of aecund track,* . 

in Maaaachnsetta, 
Length of aide track, . 

in Maaaachaaetta, 
Total length aa alnsle track, 

in Maaaachnaetta, 

Assets. 

Conatmetlon, . . . . 

Equipment, 

Landii. 

6iocka In other companiea, 
Bonda of other conopnnien, • 
Other permanent property. 

Total permanent investments, 
Caah on nand, .... 
Billa receivable, . ... 
Other cnrrent aaaeta, . 

Total cash and current assets. 
Materials and auppliea, 
All other aaaeta, .... 

Total mUcellaneotiS assets, • 

Gross assets. 
Profit and loaa balance (deficit). 

Total as per balance sheet, . 

Liabilities. 

Capital atock, common, 

preferrt'd, . • 

Total capital stock, 
Fnnded debt, .... 
Real estate mortgagea, 
Current llabUities, 
Accrued llabtlitlea, . . . 

Total indebtedness, . • 

Gross liabilities,^ . 
Profit and loaa balance (surplua) , 

Total as per balance sheft, . 



Income. 

From paMengera, 

mails, .... 
expreaa, 

extra baggage and storage 
other passenger service. 
Total passenger revenue. 
From freight, 

other freight aervlee. 
Total freight revenue, . 
Other earotnga fh>m operation, 
Total earnings from opera 
tion, . • . • 
Rentala from lease of road. 
Income from other aourcea. 

Gross Income, . 



Mtlea. 
3,479.214 
2,114.884 
1,854.730 

904.190 
1,850.676 
1,209.586 
6,684.520 
4,228.160 



$260,586,601 25 

32.127,764 04 

2,000,082 70 

24,005,023 96 

1,296,260 78 

2,148,448 76 

331,249.181 49 

6,737,505 80 

1,434.358 08 

13,337,356 01 

20,509,218 89 

5,141,798 08 

8,739,459 34 

8,881.257 42 



$360,630,667 80 
8.212,638 60 



$368,852,196 49 



$162,461,146 02 

31,045,702 33 

193,606,847 35 

128,991,352 97 

052,100 00 

21,089,567 18 

2.199,662 61 

153,232,072 76 



$346,730,620 11 
17,112,676 38 



$363,852,196 49 



$29,131,411 84 

1,202,553 50 

2,013,291 85 

247,365 81 

801.696 74 

38,396,318 74 

82,819.626 67 

« 862,935 30 

83,682,561 97 

1,076,026 34 

68,164,906 06 

5,583,961 94 

848,837 86 



$74,687,706 86 



Hilea. 
8,478.100 
2,118.810 
1,876.227 

006.997 
1,960.807 
1,267.747 
6,813.634 
4,288.064 



$275,646,424 61 

32,065,611 14 

2,641,978 34 

27,798,648 07 

9,316,998 28 

2,630,228 87 

349,898,785 21 

6,077,702 47 

1,798.890 88 

13,370,643 90 

20,247.236 70 

6,696,789 86 

4,661,023 86 

10,360,812 71 



$380,602,884 62 
1,441,840 02 



$381,044,674 04 



$172,876,486 02 

82,229,492 33 

205.106.977 35 

132,202,880 21 

861,800 00 

28,208,978 69 

2,260,073 98 

158,617,732 83 



$363,628,710 18 
18,320,964 46 



$881,944,674 64 



$31,001,273 25 

1,268,601 94 

2,199,669 46 

866,337 20 

869,251 68 

86.395.023 63 

86,717,006 98 

1,168,064 64 

87,885,071 52 

606,884 87 

74,886.470 92 
6,725,093 65 
1.681,848 08 



$82,248,421 60 



Miles. 


Mile*. 


— 


1.114 


. 


1.074 


20.497 


— 


2.807 


. 


109.781 


. 


68.161 


• 


129.114 


. 


69.894 


. 



$6,058,823 36 

451,890 64 

3,793.5^ 01 

8,020,787 60 

486,780 11 

18,711,766 «S 

864,532 26 
83,288 89 

553,991 28 

921.564 01 

1.476,556 20 



$19,863,176 88 



$18,092,476 15 



$10,415,340 00 

1,183,790 00 

11,509,130 00 

3,211,027 24 

2,114,411 61 

60,421 82 

6,285,060 07 



$16,884,190 07 
1,208,288 08 



$18,098,478 16 



$$2,163 90 



669,803 33 
261,988 19 



$1,770,698 07 



$90,800 00 



$2,660,861 91 

66,088 44 

186,278 11 

118,071 89 

67,664 94 

8.998.704 79 

8,807,880 81 

306.129 24 

4,202,600 66 



6,781,673 87 
141.131 61 
783,010 17 



$7,655,716 65 



$469,640 47 



• Including third and fourth track. t EzeluaiTo of aSnklng and other apecial ftinda. 



1897.] 



COMPARISON OF RETURNS. 



341 



Railroad Corporations. 
Comparison of Returns for the Tears 1895 and 1896 — Concluded. 



EXPENDITURES, ETC. 



Expenditures. 

OpermtiDg ezpeoMs, . .*r . 

Interest oo debt and loans, 

1 axes, ...... 

Keiitali paid, .... 

Other cbargea on Income, . 
Total chargt9 on income ^ 
BlvldeDdfl paid, .... 

Grof ezpenditureg, . 

Condensed Exhibit for the 
Year. 

Gross earnings from operation, 
Operating expenses, . 

JM income firom operation ^ . 
laeome from all other sourcfa, . 

Total income above operating 

escpenseMf .... 

Interest, taxes and other charges, 

JVef diritible income. 
Amount of oividends declared,. 

Surplus for the year. 
Percentage of dividend earned, . 
of dividend declared, 

Volume of Traffic. 

Miles ran by passenger trains, . 
by freight trains, 
by mixed trains. 
Total revenue-train mileage. 
Miles ran by other trains, . 

Total train mileage. 
Total passengers carried, . 
passenger mileage, . 
Total tons of freight hanled, . 
freight mileage, 

Equipment, etc. 

Locomotives, 

I'aasenger cars, .... 
Baggage and mail cars. 
Freight ears (basis 8 wheels), . 
All other cars, .... 

8tock held in Massachnscttfl, . 

Total nnmber of stockholders, . 

in Massachu»etta, 

Average nnmber of employees. 

Total miles of road operated, . 

In Massachusetts, 

nighvpay crossings at grade.* . 

protected, . 

unprotected, 
Railroad crossings at grade,* . 



ises. 


1896. 


Increase. 


Decrease. 


^,446,304 25 


$62,362,381 63 


1 

$5,916,077 88 




6,423,858 80 


6,889.881 22 


465,522 42 


. 


8.527.820 74 


8,683,390 79 


155,570 05 


„ 


6,723.500 31 


7,445,441 SO 


721,871 99 


_ 


140,134 17 


237,080 16 


96,945 99 


. 


16,815,383 02 


18,255,293 47 


1,439,910 45 


• 


11,364.564 80 


11,260,993 75 


- 


$108,571 05 


$74,626,252 07 


$81,878,668 85 


$7,252,416 78 


- 


$68,154,906 05 


$74,886,479 92 


$6,781,578 87 




46,446.304 25 


52,862,381 63 


5,916,077 38 


. 


21,708.601 80 


22,524.098 29 


815,496 49 


. 


6,432,700 80 


7.356,941 58 


924,141 78 


- 


28.141,401 60 


29,881.039 87 


1,739,638 2T 


^ 


16.815,383 02 


18.255,293 47 


1,489,910 45 


. 


11,326,018 58 


11,625,746 40 


299,727 82 


. 


11,804.564 80 


11,260,993 75 


- 


$108,571 06 


$38,546 22d 


$364,752 65 


$403,208 87 




5.85 


5.67 


- 


0.18 


6.87 


5.49 


— 


0.38 


24,302,800 


26,392,246 


2,089,446 




17,019,851 


18,354,625 


1,3S4,774 


- 


822,272 


266,548 


- 


55,724 


41,644,023 


45.013,419 


8,368,496 


«» 


10,200,701 


12.344,359 


2,083,658 


- ■ 


51,906,624 


57,357,778 


5,462,154 


- 


• 107,856.348 


111,629,051 


8,772,703 


- 


1,686,197,881 


1,773,788,208 


137,535,827 


- 


30,858,173 


34.605.888 


3,747,665 


> 


' 2,561,508,881 


2.878,369,521 


816,770,640 


- 


1 

1,982 


2.062 


80 




3,139 


3,217 


78 


- 


1 517 


569 


52 


— 


37,116 


, 39.423 


2,307 


-. 


1,519 


1,928 


409 


m^ 


$110,466,142 33 


jtll7,842,400 00 


$7,876,267 67 


« 


45.86.-) 


47,651 


2.288 


^^ 


32.945 


34.658 


1,713 


» 


46,583 


52.127 


5.594 


- 


4,352.224 


4.726.190 


378.966 


• 


2,115.844 


2.120.370 


4.526 


- 


2,192 


2.155 


- 


87 


1.112 


1.154 


42 


- 


1,080 


1,001 


- 


79 


33 


32 

d 


' Deficit. 


1 


achusetts. 





342 



RAILROAD CORIX)RATIOXS. 



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TABULATED AND COMPARATIVE STATEMENTS 



COMPILED FROX THK 



Keports of Street Railway Companies 



TOB TBE 



Year ending September 30, 1896. 



346 



RAILROAD CORPORATIONS. 



[Jan. 



CONTENTS OF TABLES. 



STREET RAILWAY COMPANIES. 



Tabulated Statements. 
Assets, Septembek 30, 1896. cdama patt 

Construction, 

Equipment, • . . 

LanHs and buildings, . . . . . 

Other permanent property, 

Cash and current assets, 

Miscellaneous assets, 

Gross assets, 



Liabilities, September SO, 1896. 

Capital stock. 

Funded debt. 

Real estate mortgages, 

Current liabilities. 

Accrued liabilities. 

Sinking and other special funds, 

Gross liabilities, . 



1 


350 


2 


tW) 


8 


350 


4 


350 


5 


350 


6 


350 


7 


850 


8 


854 


9 


854 


10 


354 


11 


354 


12 


354 


13 


354 


14 


854 



Peopertt Accounts: Additions and Deductions dur- 
ing THE Year. 

Additions to railway, 15 358 

Additions to equipment, ....... 16 858 

Additions to lands and buildings, 17 358 

Additions to other permanent property, .... 18 358 

Totol additions 19 358 

Deductions 20 a>8 

Net additions 21 358 

Income for the Year ending Skptembeh 30, 1896. 

From passengers, 22 361 

From mails and parcels, 23 ;i6l 

From tolls, rents, advertising, etc., 24 301 



1897.] INDEX TO TABLES. 347 

Income for the Year ending September 30, 1896 — Con. column Pag« 

Total earnings from operation, 25 861 

Rentals from lease of railway, 26 361 

Miscellaneous income, 27 361 

Gross income, 28 361 

Expenditures for the Year ending September 30, 1896. 

Salaries, 29 3G4 

Office expenses and supplies, 30 364 

Legal expenses, 31 864 

Insurance, 82 364 

Other general expenses, 83 864 

Total general expenses, 34 864 

Repair of roadbed and track, 35 864 

Repair of electric line system, . . ^ . • . 36 867 

Removing snow and ice, 37 867 

Repair of buildings, 38 867 

Total repairs of roadway and buildings, .... 39 367 

Repair of cars and vehicles, .40 867 

Repair of electric car equipment, 41 867 

Renewal of horses, 42 867 

Harnesses, shoeing, etc., 43 870 

Total maintenance of equipment, 44 870 

Provender for horses, 45 370 

Cost of electric power, 46 370 

Wages of employees, 47 870 

Damages for injuries, 48 370 

Tolls for trackage rights, 49 870 

Rents of buildings, etc., 50 373 

Other transportation expenses, 51 878 

Total operating expenses, 52 878 

Percentage to earnings from operation, .... 58 878 

Interest on funded debt, 54 873 

Interest and discount on loans, 55 378 

Taxes, 56 878 

Rentals of leased railways, 57 376 

Payments to sinking and other special funds, ... 58 876 

Other charges on income, 59 876 

Total charges on income, 60 876 

Dividends paid, 61 376 

Percentage of dividend paid, 62 376 

Gross expenditures, 63 376 

Condensed Exhibit for the Year. 

Net earnings from operation, . . • ... .64 379 

AH other income, * 65 379 

Total income above operating expenses, .... 66 379 

Interest, taxes and other charges, . , . . .67 379 

Net divisible income, 68 379 



348 RAILROAD CORPORATIONS. [Jan. 

Condensed Exhibit fok the Year — Con. Gammn ?■«• 

Diyidends declared, 69 379 

Snrplus for the year, 70 379 

Deficit for the year, 71 382 

Surplus, September 30, 1895, 72 382 

Deficit, September 30, 1895, . . . . . .73 382 

Additions during the year, 74 382 

Deductions during the year, 75 382 

Surplus, September 30, 1896, 76 382 

Deficit, September SO, 1896, 77 382 

Description of Railway. 

Main track owned, 78 385 

Sidings, switches, etc., owned, 79 385 

Total track owned, 80 385 

Main track operated, 81 385 

Operated by horse power, 82 385 

Operated by electric power, 83 385 

Operated by horse and electric power, .... 84 385 

Equipment Owned. 

Box passenger cars, 85 388 

Open passenger cars, 86 388 

Other cars and vehicles, 87 388 

Electric cars, 88 388 

Equipped with fenders, 89 388 

Horses, 90 388 

Electric motors, 91388 

Volume op Traffic. 

Total passengers carried, 92 891 

Average number per mile of main track openUed, . .98 391 

Round trips run, 94 891 

Car miles run, 95 391 

Number of employees, 96 891 

Stockholders. 

Total number of stockholders, 97 891 

Number in Massachusetts, 98 391 



A<V'II>kNTS. 

To passengers, . 

To employees, 

To other persons, 

Fatal, . 

Not fatal. 

Total, . 

Total during precluding year, 



99 


394 


100 


394 


101 


394 


102 


394 


103 


394 


104 


394 


105 


394 



1897.] INDEX TO TABLES. 349 



Comparative Statements. 
Cost and Capital Investment per Mile of Main Track 

Owned. CSolamn Page 

Construction, 106 897 

Equipment, 107 897 

Lands, buildings, and other permanent property, .108 897 

Total cost per mile, 109 897 

Capital stock, 110 397 

Net debt, Ill 897 

Total capital investment, 112 897 

(yross Earnings from Operation. 

Per mile of main track operated, 118 400 

Per round trip run, 114 400 

Per car mile run, 115 400 

Per passenger carried, 116 400 

Expenses of Operation. 

Per mile of main track operated, 117 400 

Per round trip run, 118 400 

Per car mile run, 119 408 

Per passenger carried, 120 408 

Net Earnings from Operation. 

Per mile of main track operated, 121 408 

Per round trip run, 122 403 

Per car mile run, 123 403 

Per passenger carried, 124 408 



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EXPENDITURES. 



SaSgR SSSS3 ,5:,SS ,SSS, S,3g, ESSS , 



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366 



STREET RAILWAY COMPAXIES. 



[Jan. 



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1897.] 



EXPENDITURES. 



367 



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368 



STREET RAILWAY COMPANIES. 



[Jan. 



S3 

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cicScoeoeo eococoeoeo ^^-li""***^ ^^"^-^-^ asoicoo 



1897.] 



EXPENDITURES. 



369 



8 



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ggggg l(ggcgg cgg'gg^ ^^^^^ »^»^^ 

St^oooQ "ieseosfe coo»o^e« co'*io«ooo pa^iNeo 

lOSSScp <o«o<oo<o tpcorororo r«t>*t«t^r^ t^aoooaoao 



o 



370 



STREET RAILWAY COMPANIES. 



[Jan. 



■6 



e 

3 

a 

6 



II 



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1897. J 



EXPENDITURES. 






8SS S £3SE;2 2 8 838= S 28 8SS8 



SS£S^ gSSSS S&,SS ,SS2S S3&S , SSSgS^ 



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STREET RAILWAY COMPANIES. 



[Jan. 



H 



SS SSS3S 8 8 33 SS 



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1897.] 



EXPENDITURES, 



373 






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374 



STREET RAILWAY COMPANIES. 



[Jan. 



S3 

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1897.] 



EXPENDnURES. 



375 






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EXPENDITURES. 



377 



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380 



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EXHIBIT FOR THE YEAR. 



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384 



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DESCRIPTION OF EAILWAY. 



385 



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39« 



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STREET RAILWAY COMPANIES. 



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Past IV. 



EAILEOAD EETUENS 



von TBI 



Tbak ending June 30, 1896. 



[As Corrected by the Board.] 



RETURN 



OF THS 



ATTLEBOROUGH BRANCH RAILROAD COMPANY 



For the Tsar snding June 80, 1896. 



[LeaMd to and operated by the New York, New Haven & Hartford.] 



General Exhibit for the Year. 

Total Income from lease of road, 

Expenses accrued daring the year : legal expenses, 

Net Divisible Income, 

Dividends declared (7 per cent), 

Deficit for year ending June 80, 1896, 

Amount of surplus June 80, 1895, 

Total Surplus June 80, 1896, 

General Balance Sheet June 30, 1896. 

Assets. Dr. 

Cost of road 

Cash, 

Total, 

Liabilities. Cr. 

Capital stock, 

Profit and Loss balance (surplus), 

Total 

Capital Stock. 

Capital stock authorized by law, . . . ^133,000 00 
Capital stock authorized by votes of company, 181,700 00 

Capital stock issued and outstanding, 

Number of shares issued and outstanding, . . 1,817 

Number of stockholders, 53 

Number of stockholders in Massachusetts, . . 43 

Amount of dtock held in Massachusetts, . . $101,800 00 



$9,219 00 
76 41 



$9,148 59 
$9,219 00 

$75 41 

482 55 



$407 14 



$181,416 48 
690 66 



$132,107 14 



$181,700 00 
407 14 



$132,107 14 



$181,700 00 



KAILROAD RETURNS. [Jan 

DB8CRIPTI0N OF RAILROAD. 

(See tabulated description In preceding appendix to report.) 
Railroad Crossings is Massachusetts. 



Crossings with Highways. 

Nnmber of crossings of company's railroad by highways at 
grade, . * 

Nomber of crossings of company's raibroad by highways above 
railroad, 

Number of crossings of company's railroad by highways ander 
railroad, 

Number of highway crossings at grade protected by gates, . 

Number of highway crossings at grade protected by flagmen, 

Number of highway cronsfngs at grade unprotected. 

Number of highway bridges 18 feet (or more) above traclc, . 

Number of highway bridges less than 18 feet above tracic, 



Corporate Name and Address of the Company. 

ATTLEBOROUGH BRANCH RAILROAD COMPANY, 

North Attleborouoh, Mass. 

Names and Business Address of Principal Officers. 

Henry F. Barrows, President, North Attleborough, Mass. Henry F. Bar- 
rows, Jr., Treasurer, North Attleborough, Mass. John R. Bronson, Clerk of 
Corporation, Attleborough, Mass. 

Names and Residence of Board of Directors. 

Henry F. Barrows, North Attleborough, Mass. John R. Bronson, Attle- 
borough, Mass. Ellerton P. Whitney, Boston, Mass. Albert A. Folsom, 
Boston, Mass. Henry F. Barrows, Jr., North Attleborough, Mass. 



We hereby certify that the statements contained In the foregoing return 

are full. Just and trae. 

H. F. BARROWS, 

H. F. BARROWS, Jr., 

Directors, 

H. F. BARROWS, Jr., 

Trecuurer. 



Commonwealth of Massachusetts. 

Bristol, ss. North Attleborough, Sept. 4, 1896. Then personally 
appeared the above-named Henry F. Barrows and Henry F. Barrows, Jr., and 
severally made oath that the foregoing certificate by them subscribed is, to 
the best of their knowledge and belief, true. 

Before me, JOSEPH E. POND, 

Justice of the Peace. 



1897.] 



BERKSHIRE. 



RETURN 



OF THK 



BERKSHIRE RAILROAD COMPANY 



For the Tear en^ding June 30, 1806. 



[Leased to and operated by the New York, New Haven ft Hartford.] 



General Exhibit for the Year. 

Total Income from lease of road, 

Dividends received on stoclis owned: Berkshire Railroad 
Company's stock (6G shares), 

Gross Income, 

Expenses accrued during the year: salaries and maintenance 
of organization, 

Net Divisible Income, . . > 

Dividends declared (6 per cent), 

Snrplns for year ending Jane SO, 1896, 

Amount of surplus June SO, 1895, 

Total Surplus June 80, 1896, 



General Balance Sheet June 80, 1896. 

Assets. Dr. 

Cost of road 

Stock of Berkshire Railroad Company (66 shares), 

Total Permanent Investments, 

Cash, 

Total, 

Liabiutibs. Cr. 

Capital stock, 

Current liabilities : dividends not called for, .... 
Profit and Loss balance (surplus), 

Total, 



$86,250 00 
896 00 



$36,646 00 
449 00 



$36,197 00 
* 86,000 00 



$197 00 
18,715 56 



118,912 56 



$600,000 00 
8,970 00 



$603,970 00 
10,838 56 



$614,808 56 



$600,000 00 

896 00 

18,912 56 



$614,308 56 



6 



RAILROAD RETURNS, 



[flan. 



Capital Stock. 

Capital stock aathorized by law, 
Capital stock authorized by votes of company, 
Capital stock issued and outstanding, 
Number of shares Issued and outstanding, 

Number of stockholders, 

Number of stockholders in Massachusetts, 
Amount of stock held In Massachusetts, • 



$800,000 00 
600,000 00 



6,000 

219 

141 

$410,800 00 



$600,000 00 



Description of Railroad. 
(See tabulated description in preceding appendix to report.) 



Railroad Crossings in Massachusetts. 



Crossings with Highways, 

Number of crossings of company's railroad by highways at 
grade, 

Number of crossings of company's railroad by highways under 
railroad, 

Number of highway crossings at grade protected by gates, . 

Number of highway crossings at grade unprotected. 



26 

1 

1 
25 



Corporate Name and Address of the Company. 

BERKSHIRE RAILROAD COMPANY, 

Stockbridoe, Mass. 



Names and Business Address of Principal Officers. 

Henry T. Robbins, President, Great Barrington, Mass. D. A. Kimball, 
Treasurer and Clerk of Corporation ^ Stockbridge, Mass. 



Names and Residence of Board of Directors. 

D. R Williams, Stockbridge, Mass. Henry T. Robbins, Great Barrlng- 
toD, Mass. Charles J. Taylor, Great Barrington, Mass. George Church, 
Great Barrington, Mass. D. A. Kimball, Stockbridge, Mass. 



1897.] BERKSHIRE. 7 

We hereby certify that the statements contained in the foregoing return 
are fall, Just and true. 

HENRT T. BOBBINS, 
D. A. KIMBALL, 
CHA8. J. TAYLOR, 

Directors, 

D. A. KIMBALL, 

Trea$wrer» 



COMMOKWEALTH OF MaSSACHXJBBTTS. 

Berkshire, ss. Aug. 25, 1896. Then personally appeared the above- 
named Henry T. Bobbins, D. A. Kimball and Chas. J. Taylor, and severally 
made oath that the foregoing certificate by them subscribed is, to the best of 
their knowledge and belief, true. 

Before me, FRANK H. WRIGHT, 

Justice of tJie Peace* 



8 



RAILROAD RETURNS. 



[Jan. 



RETURN 



OF THS 



BOSTON & ALBANY KAILROAD COMPANY 



For thb Tkar kkdiko Junb 30, 1896. 



General Exhibit for the Year. 

Gross earnlDgs from operation 

Operating expenses, 

Net Income from Operation, 

Charges upon income accrued during the year : 
Interest on fUnded debt, .... $387,980 00 

Taxes, 708,689 59 

Rentals of leased roads : 
Pi(/tsfleld & North Adams 

Railroad, .... $22,500 00 
Ware River Railroad, . 52,500 00 

North Brookfleld Railroad, 8,000 00 

78,000 00 

Total Charges and Deductions from Income, . 

Net Divisible Income, 

Dividends declared (8 per cent), 

Surplus for the year ending June 30, 1896, .... 
Amount of surplus June 80, 1895, 

Total Surplus June 80, 1896, 



$9,850,632 48 
6,203,175 90 



$3,147,456 58 



1,124,669 59 



$2,022,786 99 
2,000,000 00 



$22,786 99 
182,049 32 



$204,836 31 



Earnings from Operation. 



DSPABTMXNT OF BeBTICE. 



PuMeoffer service : 
Gross leceiptfl from passengers, . 
Deductions : 
Tickfts redeemed, . . . 
Excess fares refunded, • . 



Gross 
Receipts. 



DedaeUons. 



Karoingfl. 



Total dedoctioDS, 

Net Reybkue fbox PASSBicGEBa (carried 



|4,O01,O8S 85 



forward) i 



$10,878 96 
27,452 85 



$87,881 81 



$4,063,202 9i 



1897.] 



BOSTON & ALBANY. 



Earnings from Operation — Concladed. 



Departmhht or Sebticv. 



Gross 
Receipts. 



Deductions. 



Barnings. 



Amount brought /onoard, 



From mallSf • • • • . 

From eipress» 

From extra baggage and storage, « 
Other earnings, iiassonger service : 

Dining ears, . • . • . 

Parcel rooms, . . . . , 



Total Barkxkos, Passbhosb Bebticx, 
Frelglit service : 
Gross receipts from freight, • • • 
Ded actions : 
Overcharge to shippers, • 



Nbt Rbvewuk fbom Freight, 

From stock yards 

From elevators, .... 
Other earnings, freight service : 

Car demnrrage, .... 

Gravel, 



$296,884 48 

297,164 18 

61,402 72 

77,896 00 
8,786 76 



$4,277,789 03 



Total Eabnutgs, Fbeioht Service, 



Total Passehoeb and Freight Earnings, 
Other earnings from operation : 
Rentals from traclcs, yards and terminsls, . . 
Rentals from buildings and other property. 
From other sources : 

Interest, 



Total Other Sarnikos, 

Gross Earnings from Operation, 



$6,000 00 
170,979 24 

7,842 00 
44,264 99 



$3,888 30 
196,666 44 

3,877 41 



$143,689 80 



$4,068,202 24 



781,218 13 



$4,784,416 87 



$4,134,199 78 



228.086 23 



$4,362,286 96 



$9,146,701 88 



203,981 16 



$9,350,632 48 



Expenses of Opbration. 



General expenses : 

Salaries of j>:eneral officers, 

Salaries of clerks and attendants, 

General office expenses and supplies, 

Insurance, ... 

Law expenses, 

Stationery and printing (general offices), .... 

Total, 

Maintenance of way and stractores : 

Repairs of roadway, 

Renewals of rails, 

Renewals of ties, . . 

Repairs and renewals of bridges and culrerts, 

Repairs and renewals of fences, road crossings, signs and 

cattle gnards, 

Repairs and renewals of buildings and fixtures, . 

Repairs and renewals of docks and wharves, 

Stationery and printing, 

Total, 



$98,483 85 
53,403 88 

7,796 32 
42,872 24 
15,467 93 

4,147 89 



$222,172 II 



$1,206,352 85 

104,526 52 

107,711 60 

33,095 42 

47,263 58 

143,766 47 

109,933 32 

934 64 



$1,753,574 20 



10 



RAILROAD RETURNS. 



[Jan. 



Maintenance of eqalpment : 

Superintendence, 

Repairs and renewals of locomotives, . 
Repairs and renewals of passenger cars, 
Repairs and renewals of freight cars, . 
Repairs and renewals of work cars, • . . 
Repairs and renewals of shop machinery and tools, 
Stationery and printing, 



Total, 



Conducting transportation : 

Superintendence, 

Engine and roundhouse men, 

Fuel for locomotives, .... 

Water supply for locomotives, 

Oil, tallow and waste for locomotives, . 

Other supplies for locomotives, . 

Train service, 

Train supplies and expenses, 
Switchmen, flagmen and watchmen, 
Telegraph expenses, .... 

Station service, 

Station supplies, 

Switching charges — balance, , 
Car mileage — balance, .... 

Loss and damage, 

Injuries to persons, .... 

Clearing wrecks 

Advertising, 

Outside agencies, 

Stock yards and elevators, . 
Rentals for tracks, yards and terminals, 
Rentals of buildings and other property. 
Stationery and printing. 



$9,575 04 

405,044 47 

268.688 47 

281,720 87 

21,117 01 

8,948 89 

1,224 68 



Total, 



Recapitulation : 
General expenses, .... 
Maintenance of way and structnre9» 
Maintenance of equipment, . 
Conducting transportation, . • 



9941,818 93 



$19,679 08 

564,614 48 

648,924 84 

89,586 69 

87,754 16 

1,769 90 

615,885 54 

144,418 94 

207,885 51 

25,811 48 

688,920 02 

109,888 02 

8,983 80 

80,195 05 

20,549 68 

50,581 64 

2,369 51 

4,586 12 

86,640 42 

89,705 81 

2,250 00 

5,500 00 

40,826 62 



$8,286,116 66 



Total Opehatikg Expenses, 



Percentage of operating expenses to earnings, • 
Percentage of operating expenses (Including taxes) to earnings, 



General Balance Sheet June 80, 1896. 

Assets. Dr. 

Cost of road, 

Cost of equipment, 

Stock of Hudson River bridges, 

Real estate, 

Other permanent property : special equipment, 

Total Permanent Investments, 



$222,172 11 

1,758,674 20 

941,818 93 

8.286.115 66 



$6,203,176 90 

66.84 
78.92 



$26,299,992 87 
8,145,400 00 

475,485 00 
1.847,713 29 

627,000 00 



$31,895,591 16 



1897.] 



BOSTON & ALBANY. 



11 



Cash, $846,786 21 

Net traffic balaDces due from other companies, 516,122 77 

Dae from solvent companies and Individuals, . 865,163 82 

Sinking and other special funds, • . • 2,326,279 48 

Total Cash and Cubrbnt Asskts, .... 
Materials and supplies 

Total, 

Liabilxthss. Cr. 

Capital stock, • • • . 

Funded debt, 

Current liabilities : 
Credit balances, ...... $625,814 05 

Dividends not called for, .... 505,073 00 

Matured interest coupons unpaid (Including 

coupons due July 1), . . . . 5,410 00 

Rentals (including rentals due July 1), . 87,500 00 

Miscellaneous current liabilities: Fittsfleld 

& North Adams Railroad, . . . 4,835 60 

Separation of grade crossings, . . • 300,000 00 

Total Current Liabilities, 

Accrued liabilities : 
Interest accrued and not yet due, . . . $84,495 00 
Rentals accrued and not yet due, . . . 1,500 00 

Total Accrued Liabilities, 

Sinking and other special funds : 

Improvement fund, $1,879,364 23 

Ware River sinking fund, .... 146,915 20 

Total Sinking and other Special Funds, . 
Froflt and Loss balance (surplus), 

Total, 



Frofbrty Accounts. 
Expenditures charged to property accounts : real estate, 

Total Additions to Froperty Accounts, . 



Sinking Fund. 

Amount, June 30, 1895, of Ware River sinking fund. 
Additions during year, 



Total Sinking Fund June 30, 1896, 

Improvement Fund. 

Amount of improvement fund June 30, 1895, 
Additions during year 



Total Improvement Fund June 30, 1896> 



$4,054,352 23 
330,800 00 



$36,280,743 39 



$25,000,000 00 
7,485,000 00 



1,478,632 65 



85,995 00 



2,026,279 43 
204,836 31 



$36,280,743 39 



$219,417 21 
$219,417 21 



$139,330 35 

7,584 85 



$146,915 20 



$1,822,039 76 
57,324 47 



$1,879,364 23 



12 



EAILROAD RETURNS. 



[Jan. 



Capital Stock. 

Capital stock aatborized by law, . . . $30,000,000 00 
Capital stock authorized by votes of company, 25,000,000 00 

Capital stock issued and outstanding, 

Number of shares Issued and outstanding, . . 350,000 

Number of stockholders, 8,647 

Number of stockholders in Massachusetts, . . 7,357 
Amount of stock held in Massachusetts, . . $21,571,800 00 



$25,000,000 00 



Funded Dsbt. 



DXBCBIPTIOK or SXOUBITIBS. 



Rate of 
Interest. 



Date of 
Matnrity. 



Amount 
Ontatandlng. 



Interest Paid 
daring Year. 



Five per oent bonds, 
Four per c«nt bonds, 



Totals, 



Per Oent. 
6 

4 



April 1,1902, 
Oet. 1, 1018, 



$8,868,000 00 
8,627,000 00 



$7,485,000 00 



$192,900 OO 
146,060 00 



$887,980 OO 



VoLUMK OF Traffic, etc. 



Passenger traffic : 

Number of passengers carried paying revenue, 

Number of passengers carried one mile. 

Number of passengers carried one mile per mile of 
operated, 

Average length of journey per passenger, . 

Average amount received from each passenger, . 

Average amount received per passenger per mile carried. 

Passenger earnings per mile of road operated. 

Passenger earnings per passenger-train mile run. 
Freight traffic : 

Number of tons of freight hanled earning revenue. 

Number of tons of freight hauled one mile, . 

Number of tons of Areight hauled one mile per mile of 
operated, ••.•••.. 

Average length of haul per ton, .... 

Average amount received for each ton of freight, 

Average amount received per ton per mile hauled. 

Freight earnings per mile of road operated, . 

Freight earnings per Areight^traln mile run, . 
Operating expenses : 

Operating expenses per mile of road operated, • 

Operating expenses per revenue-train mile run, . 
Train mileage : 

Miles run by passenger trains, .... 

Miles run by freight trains, 

Total mileage of trains earning revenue, . . . 

Miles run by switching trains, . . . . 

Miles run by construction and other trains, . 

Total train mileage, 



Fares and freights : 
Average rate of fare per mfle on local tickets, 
Average rate of fare per mUe on commutation tickets. 
Average rate of fare per mile on mileage tickets, 
Average rate of fare per mile on season tickets. 
Average rate of fare per mile on joint tickets, 
Average rate of freight per ton mile on local way-bill, 
Average rate of freight per ton mile on Joint way-bill. 



road 



road 



12.788.327 
281,299,428 

695,089 

18.087 miles. 

81.694 cents. 

1.762 «' 

$12,309 39.430 

1 43.247 

4,122,412 
438,976,620 

1,129,401 

106.486 miles. 

81 00.286 

.940 cents. 

$11,223 33.529 

1 34.424 

15,959 69.633 
94.1997 cents. 

3,113,693 
2,317,966 
6,431,559 
1,153.572 
312,642 
6,897,773 

1.813 cents. 
1.121 •• 



2.000 

.580 

1.962 

1.360 

.650 



!• 
i( 
II 
«• 



1897.] 



BOSTON & ALBANY. 



13 



Passengers to and from Boston : 

Number of passengers (including season-ticket) to Boston, 
Number of passengers (including season-ticket) from Boston, 
Season-ticket passengers to and from Boston, 

Employees : 
Average number of persons employed, 



8.936,873 

8,990,085 

782,224 

5,381 



Description of Railroad. 
(See tabulated description in preceding appendix to report.) 



Description of Equipment. 



RoLLiKO Stock. 



V 




• 


*s 


^•Ss 


tA 


a 


-21 


^ 


O 


S.^« 


a 




-SI 


§ 


a 


°pf 


H 


a 


CpM ^ 


s 


^ 


H 


^ 






LocoMonrxs. 



PMseoger, . 

Freight, 
Switching, etc., . 



Total, 



BoixiMO Stock. 



Cars — Passxmoer Sebyicb. 
Passenger cars, .... 

Combination cars, .... 

Dlolngcars 

Parlor cars, 

Sleeping cars, 

Baggage, express and mall cars, . 



Total, 

Cabs — Fbeioht Sxbvicx. 
Box cars, 



Flat cars 

Stock cars 

Coal ears, .... 
Other cars In freight seryice, . 



Total, 

Cars — Coxpant'b Sxrvicb. 
OflBcers* and pay cars, . 
Gravel cars, ..... 

Derrick cars, 

Caboose ears, 

Other cars in company's service, • 



Total, 



2fi0 

46 
8 
8 
8 

00 



•870 

8,610 

856 

82 

1.674 





6,180 

6 

888 
18 
81 
42 



684 



260 

46 
8 
8 
8 

60 



870 

2,680 

886 
24 

648 
8 



8,4»0 

5 
80 
14 

10 



68 



84 

120 

88 



242 



84 

120 

88 



242 



Lbs. 
103,600 
21U660 
171,000 



Lbs. 
160.000 
180.000 
187,400 





A a 


A A. 1 


•8 

ex 


»2 


Wil 

Cou] 


^ 




o73 


o 


« *• - 




a 

a 


o C 


P 5 S 


oChM 


o^5 


SQ 


» 


H 



Name of Conpler. 



260 

46 
8 
8 
8 



60J 



870 

8,600 I 
860J 

1,664 j 



6,094 

6 
60 

2 
60 

8 



180 



Bnbonp 6, Trojan 81, Miller 

213. 
Miller 46. 
Oould 2, Miller 1. 
Buboap 4, Miller 4. 
Miller S. 
Bahoup 2, Miller 28, Trojan 

80. 



Oonid 1, Dowllng 216, Thar- 
mond 204, Trojan 8,170. 

DowllDg 2. Thurmond 83, 
Burns 2, Trojan 818. 

Dowling 17, Thurmond 89, 
Burns 4, Trojan 1,604. 



Trojan 1, Miller 4. 

Empire 29, Park 1, Trojan 80. 

Trojan. 

Trojan. 

Trojan. 



Number of 8-wheel cars in passenger service fitted with brakes for all 

wlieels, 854 

Nomber of 12-wlieeI cars in passenger service fitted with brakes for all 

wheelt«, 21 



• And 10.36 per cent of 4 buffet oars, ** Boston ft Chicago Line." 



14 



RAILROAD RETURNS. 



[ Jiin . 



Railroad Crossings in Massachusetts. 



Crossings wUh Highways, 

Namber of crossings of company's railroad by highways at 
grade, 

Number of crossings of company's railroad by highways abore 
railroad, 

Number of crossings of company's railroad by highways under 
railroad, 

Number of highway crossings at ^nA^ protected by gates, • 

Number of highway crossings at grade protected by flagmen. 

Number of highway crossings at grade protected by electric 
signals only, 

Number of highway crossings at grade unprotected, 

Number of highway grade crossings finally abolished during 
the year, 

Number of highway grade crossings now in process of aboli- 
tion, 

Number of highway grade crossings for abolition of which 
petition is pendino:, 

Number of highway bridges 18 feet (or more) above track, . 

Number of highway bridges less than 18 feet above track, 

Height of lowest highway bridge above track, 

Crossings with Other HaUroads, 

Crossings of company's railroad with other railroads at grade 
(17 in number), vizt : 
Boston, Old Colony Division, New York, New Haven & 
Hartford Railroad. South Framingharo, Old Colony 
Division, New York, New Haven & Hartford Railroad. 
Worcester, Worcester Division, New York, New Haven 
& Hartford Railroad. Worcester, Norwich & Worcester 
Division, New England Railroad. South Worcester, 
Norwich & Worcester Division, New England Railroad. 
Worcester, Worcester Viaduct Company. Palmer, New 
London Northern Railroad. Barrett*s Junction, New 
London Northern Railroad. Springfield, New York, 
New Haven & Hartford Railroad, Boston & Maine 
Railroad. Westfleld, New Haven & Northampton 
Branch, New York, New Haven & Hartford Railroad. 
Somervllle, Fitchbnrg Railroad. Eastern Division, 
Boston & Maine Railroad. Mystic Branch, Boston & 
Maine Railroad. Main Line, Boston & Maine Railroad. 
East Boston Branch, Boston & Maine Railroad Bald- 
wlnsville, Eltchburg Railroad. Wlnchendon, Cheshire 
Railroad. 

Number of above crossings at which interlocking signals are 
established, 

Number of crossings under other railroads, .... 



250 

115 

65 
61 
20 

4 
168 

5 

13 

22 

62 
. 58 
14.33 feet. 



15 

4 



Nbw Bridges Built during the Year. 



Kamber. 


Description of 

Bridge (if any) 

R<>placed. 


Deecription of 
New Bridge. 


Length of Spans 
and Number 
of Tracks. 


By Whom Built. 


•7.. . 
118a, 

86, . . 
872, . 

406, . . 

407, . 


Deck lattice. 
Deck lattice. 
Pile. 
Trestle. 
Howe tnise. 
Llowe tmoe. 


Plate girder. 
Plate girder. 
Stone arch. 
Deck lattice. 
Throagh lattice. 
Plate girder. 


181.17 feet. 

54 feet. 

15 feet. 

60.87 feet. 
122.11 feet. 
108 feetk 


R. F Hawkins. 
B. F. Hawkins. 
A. C. Kichmood« 

Boston Bridge Works. 



1897.] 



BOSTON & ALBANY. 



15 



BHIDGES EXTBNSTVIELT REPAIRED OR STRENGTHENED DURING THE YeAR. 



Komber. 



DeMripUon of Work done. 



•2, 

227, 
400, 
421, 
42S. 



Additional track atringeni pnt in. 
Additional track ttrlxigert pat In. 
I beams put In. 
I beams pat in. 
I beams put In. 



Bridges eliminated dnring the year, specifying location and 
manner : 152, 164, 883 and 886, large cast-iron pipe put 
in to carry water. 

Total length of pile and trestle bridging (in feet), . 



8,194.79 



MiSCEIXANBOUS. 

Total length of railroad line operated by the company, . 
Total length of railroad line operated in Massachusetts, . 
Total length of railroad track (computed as single track) 

operated by the company, 

Total length of railroad track (computed as single track) 

operated in Massachusetts, 

Total length of track now laid with steel rails on same. 



888.68 miles. 
832.05 



It 



902.61 *• 



770.20 
556.84 






AOCIDENTS TO PERSONS. 





In MA88ACIIX7SETT8. .{ 




^^wr A « « 


KTT.LED 

AND 

INJURED. 


7B0M OAUSBS Bl- 

TOND THEIR 

OWN CONTROL. 


FROM TBRtn OWN 

MISCONDUCT 
OR 0ARXLB8SNK88. 


Total. 

1 


1 OTAL vn .<xa*k< 
LINR8 

Operated. 




Killed. 


Injured. 


Killed. 


Injured. 


Killed. 


Injured. 


Killed. 


Injured. 


Paetengere, . 
Bmployeee, . 
Other peraont, 


• 


S 

41 

S 


1 

8 

60 


8 

lao 

87 


1 

8 

60 


10 
161 


1 



62 

02 


10 

177 

48 


Total, . 


- 


46 


60 


166 


60 


210 


236 



STATEMEinr OF Each Accident in Massachusetts. 

July 1, 1895. — Taylor, Herbert (a boy) : while train No. 657 was between 
Arlington and Spruce streets, Chelsea, this boy was in some way struck by 
some part of the train and his brains knocked out, killing him instantly. 
There were no witnesses, and exact cause of accident is unknown, but it is 
supposed he was trying to steal a ride. 

Julp 8. — Unknown man : killed. Body found on track No. 1 by Conductor 
HilPs west-bound freight train, about one and a half miles west of West War- 
ren station ; had evidently been run oyer by some previous train. 

July 4. — Unknown man: passing between cars while freight train was at 
crossing east of South Framingham station, got his foot caught and crushed 
between draw-bars. 



16 EAILROAD RETURNS. [Jan. 

July 6. — McGlashen, Robert H. : got off train No. 79 at Wellesley Farma 
and started to walk alongside of train ; just after train started be fell, and 
rear track of rear car passed over bis neck, killing bim. 

July 6. — Howe, H. H., freigbt brakeman: finger bruised; cangbt between 
draw-bars wblle coupling cars in Worcester yard. 

July 12 — Stone, (a child) : came up bank just east of dry bridge. 

West Springfield yard, and got on track; was struck by light engine No. 243 
and thrown down the bank ; died of injuries. 

July 16. — Blute, Patrick : jumped Arom train No. 61 before it had stopped, 
at Newton, and fell ; was unconscious when picked up and had cut over his 
eye ; he was intoxicated. 

July 17. — Cavanaugh, D., freight brakeman : head slightly bruised. He was 
getting up on a high circus car, at Palmer, and his head came in contact with 
bridge, knocking him down on car. 

July 17. — Faldon, L. £., yard brakeman: getting off car at Springfield 
freight yard ; side step was gone, and Faldon claims he fell to the ground, 
hurting his hip ; surgeon could find no evidence of injury. 

July 18. — Segreve, Thos., of Newton, Mass. : cut on side of head and face 
scratched. Found beside track, al>out three hundred feet east of Aubnmdale 
station ; says he took train from Boston, but has no recollection of getting 
off; was under influence of liquor. 

July 22. — Brown, Thomas, trespasser: found on track at Chestnut Street 
bridge, Springfield, at 8.30 p.m., with both legs run over; taken to City Hos- 
pital; died at midnight. 

July 22. — Norton, Patrick, ff eight conductor: hand bruised by getting^ 
caught between draw-bars while coupling cars at West Springfield yard. 

July 22. — Unknown man: face scratched and trousers torn. After train 
No. 76 had started from Huntington Avenue, this man jumped or fell from 
train. 

e/tiZy 24. — Beck, Mrs. Caroline A., passenger: she was standing as train 
was entering South Framlngham station, and claims that it stopped so sud- 
denly that she was thrown to the fioor, hurting her hip. 

July 25. — Unknown man : found dead at Arch Street bridge, Worcester, by 
train No. 66 ; body taken to North Grafton. 

July 26. — Unknown man: an east-bound freight train (engine No. 100) 
broke apart at MiUbury Junction, and when men got off to couple together 
they found this man beside the track; put him in caboose to take him to 
North Grafton, but he died before they reached there. It is supposed he was 
stealing a ride, and when train separated he was thrown against switch 
frame. 

July 27. — Unknown man: killed. As switcher No. 87 was putting an ex- 
press car into No. 1 house, Boston, at 9.40 p.m., they found the body of this 
man on track ; had been dead some time when found. 

July 27. — Bates, G. C, yard brakeman : slightly bruised by being thrown 
against brake railing by engine pushing cars together while switching in 
Worcester yard. 

July 27. — Collins, Joseph, brakeman, gravel train: getting on train as It 
was crossing from north to south track at Washington, slipped and fell, 
bruising his leg. 

August 2. — McLean, W. H., yard brakeman: back and hip hurt. Hiding 
Ii. V. car No. 34133 onto track No. 26; brake wheel came off and he fell to 
the ground, striking on his back and hip. 



1897.] BOSTON & ALBANY. 17 

August 3. — Farey, Patrick, trespasser : walking on track about fifty yards 
west of Plymouth Street crossing, Worcester, and was struck on shoulder by 
engine of train No. 50, bruising bis arm and head. 

August 7. — Unknown man : struck and killed by train No. 64 while walking 
on track at Natick. 

August 7. — Gibson, R. B., freight brakeman : badly hurt about the head and 
shoulders. Getting on train at CBarlton, he was struck by car on next track 
and thrown to the ground. 

August 10. — Morrison, J., passenger brakeman : face and hands scratched 
and body bruised. Opened door of baggage car as train No. 82 was passing 
Warren, jammed his finger, fainted and fell from train. 

August 11. — Cole, A. S., freight brakeman: complained of pain In his 
back and side. Was In caboose, eating his dinner, and when about one and 
one-half miles west of Westfleld, air hose burst and he was thrown against 
sink in caboose. 

August 11. — Robertson, Stephen, trespasser: both legs cut oflT, head cut 
and bruised ; died from injuries. As train was standing at Plymouth Street 
crossing, Worcester, he attempted to pass l^etween the cars ; just as he did so 
the train started and he fell between cars ; gates were down at the time. 

August 12. — Unknown man, Italian tramp : got on a freight train as it was 
leaving Natick, and Jumped off about a mile west of there. Was seen later 
walking down track with a handkerchief around his hand and his face 
scratched. 

August 13. — Sherwin, A. R., freight brakeman: fingers on right hand 
crushed by getting caught between pin and dead-wood while coupling at 
Cottage Farm. 

August 14. — Ashton, Arthur, freight brakeman : fell from train at Wash- 
ington and was run over ; died in about twenty minutes. 

August 15. — McCoole, J., trespasser: stealing a ride, and was struck and 
bis head cut by overhead bridge between Wellesley and Aubumdale. 

August 17* — Doyle, , of Newton: passenger on train No. 147; said 

he heard brakeman calling West Newton, and got off train at Columbus 
Avenue, and, finding that he was not at West Newton, attempted to get on 
train and fell, shaking him up quite badly. 

August 20. — Jennings, John, Areight conductor: shoulder and side hurt; 
bruised. Going into North Adams Junction, he was standing on rear plat- 
form of caboose, looking ahead to see if men cut off caboose and two cars, 
when the knuckle In third car from engine broke, the air went on suddenly 
and Jennings was thrown against caboose, then onto the ground, striking 
a tie. 

August 21. — Malbeuf, L., freight brakeman: legs and right arm bruised. 
Electric car wire at Main Street crossing, Natick, was so low that It would 
not clear a man on top of train, and Malbeuf was caught by the wire around 
the legs and rolled on top of car. 

August 21. — ^McNamara, William, trespasser: face cut and >scalp wound. 
Engine No. 13 was putting a train into depot at Boston ; this man was near 
tower No. 1, and was struck by the cars ; he appeared to be under the in- 
fluence of liquor. 

August 26. — Markham, H., yard brakeman: finger crushed by getting 
caught between link and draw-bar while coupling at Boston. 

August 27. — Rainey, A. L., freight brakeman: hips slightly bruised by 
getting caught between engine and dead-wood of car while coupling at Palmer. 



18 RAILROAD RETURNS. [Jan. 

August 27. — Russell, John, laborer: foot slightly braised, (retting on 
construction train at Ashland, put his feet on draw-bars; his right foot 
slipped in behind the back casting and train started before he could get 
it out 

August 28. — Lamere, O. H., trespasser: was walking on the track about 
three-fourths mile west of Worcester, and when train No. 54 was within 
about a car length of him he stepped In frott of the engine and was struck 
and killed ; bell was ringing. 

August 28. — Parks, John, yard brakeman : while coming from Back Bay to 
upper yard, Boston, he was struck by Tremont Street bridge, receiving a 
scalp wound. 

August 28. — Chymlst, C, flight brakeman : getting off train while it was 
in motion at South Framlngham yard, his foot slipped through the side step 
of C, A. & C. car No. 10506, and he fell to the ground, breaking his leg. 

August 30. — Hoppen, Charles, freight brakeman: legs braised and back 
strained. Getting np on car Mid. Line No. 28359, side grab-handle came off 
and he fell to. the ground. 

August 81. — O'Nell, Thomas, trespasser: walking on track about one-half 
mile west of Ashland station with Miss Emma Hughes, when they were 
strack by a freight train and thrown into the ditch; O'Neil was instantly 
killed, Miss Hughes not injured. 

September 8. — Seals, J. H., yard brakeman: ribs and spine injured, cooi- 
plained of sore back. Was on ladder of N. Y. C. car, reaching oyer to 
uncoaple two Gould couplers with lever, and came in contact with a sema- 
phore post between tracks 1 and 6, west end of Cottage Farm yard. 

September i. — Forsburg, A., freight brakeman : while switching at Warren 
he was standing on footboard of engine, holding onto flagstaff iron, which 
pulled out, and he fell across rail, on his side. 

September 5.— -Miller. Joseph H. : attempted to cross tracks at Main Street 
crossing, Russell, ahead of train No. 28, and was struck and killed ; he was 
under the influence of liquor. 

September 7. — Keary, John J., of Troy, N. Y. : riding a bicycle on the 
railroad between Washington and Becket, got off and stepped on track No. 2 
to avoid a west-bound freight train, was strack and killed by train No. 43. 

September 12. — Wascott, George, brakeman: coupling engine to train at 
Newton Lower Falls, got his hand caught; first finger of right hand hurt. 

September 12. — Tebo, Joseph, yard brakeman: right foot bruised. Rldia^ 
a car loaded with rails, and when cars struck the rails moved and caught his 
foot between rails and brake-dog. 

September 13. — Unknown man: Just after a west-bound freight .train had 
passed, he started to cross tracks and was strack and killed by train No. 606. 
Accident happened at Walkefs Grove, Natlck. 

September 13. — Hayes, M. : light engine No. 224 was foUowins: train ont of 
Boston depot ; this man attempted to cross tracks ahead of It, was run over 
and killed. 

September 18. — Unknown man : killed. Body found on track No. S at 
North Adams Junction by a freight-train crew ; cold when found. 

September 14. — McDonald, Patrick, section man: one finger broken and 
hand hurt. Section men had hand car hitched to caboose, and when trala 
stopped at Rochdale, hand car shoved under end of caboose, catching Ma 
hand. 



1897.] BOSTON & ALBANY. 19 

September 14. — 0*Hara, Michael, foreman stock yard: bad cnt over left 
eye and leAi hip braised. Got onto car to ride to abattoir at Brighton ; 
engine switching made a short stop, 0*IIara lost his balance and fell to the 
ground. 

September 14. — Griffln, John, of Brighton : Jumped from train No. 202 
before it had stopped at Boston, fell on platform and cut his chin. 

September 16. — Borges, Manuel (a boy): stealing a ride on a freight 
train, fell off at East Cambridge and had his right arm cut ol! at the stioulder. 

September 17. — Gagnon, £., freight brakeman: killed. Was missed from 
train when it arrived at Palmer; train men went back to look for him, and 
found his body about one-fourth mile west of Indian Orchard station, lying 
between the rails of track No. 2. 

September 18. — Miller, William E. ; Cronin, Cornelius, trespassers : steal- 
ing a ride on top of cars of passenger train No. 63, and were brushed off by 
overhead bridge near tower No. 7, Boston; they were taken to the hospital, 
where Miller died; Cronln is suffering from concussion of the brain; re- 
covery doubtful. 

September 20. — Dlssauer, Mrs. : crossing track ahead of train No. 488 in 
deep cut one-third mile north of Maple Grove ; did not quite clear cylinder of 
engine, was struck on the head and instantly killed. 

September 21. — Mowrey, F., engineer: extra freight train, Mowrey engi- 
neer, ran Into the rear end of the Worcester local which was standing under 
Auburndale bridge; Mowrey Jumped from his engine, skinned his face and 
sprained his thumb. 

September 21. — Coughlln, M., freight conductor: as train was about one- 
half mile west of Washington, engineer saw some cattle on track, applied 
air brake suddenly, and Coughlln, who was standing In caboose, was thrown 
through doorway, striking railing of caboose, hurting his side. 

September 23. — Bemis, Julius E.: while driving over "Hyde*s crossing," 
Just east of Brook field station, the team was struck by train No. 19, and 
Bemis and his horse were killed. 

September 24. — Tootelain, Larkln, trespasser: engineer says when he first 
saw this man he was on track No. 1, and that he saw him cross over onto 
track No. 2 ; fireman says that Just before the train reached him he stepped 
on track directly In front of engine, was struck and killed. Accident hap- 
pened at South Worcester. 

Sqf>cember 25. — Moore, Hans, of New York: switching engine No. 13 was 
backing down track No. 1 at Boston, and when under Washington Street 
bridge this man, who was running toward engine, was struck by molding of 
tender, turning htm around; then he fell to the ground; understand he went 
to hospital for treatment. 

September 27. — Unknown man : unconscious, and cut on head ; struck by 
freight train near Hammond Street crossing, South Worcester. 

September 27. — DrlscoU, Patrick, laborer: while unloading stone on dump 
at Natick, the car be was on was moved by train coming against it, and he 
was thrown against end of car, hurting his side and hip. 

September 27. — Demary, E. £ , freight brakeman : finger on left hand 
crushed by getting caught while coupling cars at Worcester. 

October I. — Trudeau, L., freight brakeman: index finger of left hand 
crushed by getting caught between head of pin and draw-casting on engine, 
while pnlling pin, at Mlif ord. 



20 RAILROAD RETURNS. [Jan. 

October 2. — Cantwell, Patrick, yard brakeman : left hand crashed so that 
it had to be amputated; caught betweea banters while coupling at West 
Springfield yard. 

October 8. — 0*Toole, John, freight conductor : flesh wound In head. 
Standing on end of a dump car at Natlck Pond, chain broke and car tipped 
over, throwing him off. 

October 4. — Collins, Edward, of Cordaville : foot crushed. Says he got 
on a freight train at South Framingham, and in Jumping off at Ashland his 
foot was caught under wheel of car. 

October 5. — Unknown man : walking on track about a mite east of Middle- 
field, was struck and killed by engine No. 100. Accident happened at 1.50 ▲ m. 

October 5. — Evans, J., yard brakeman: as train was going from upper 
yard to Back Bay, Boston, Evans was going down side ladder of a car and 
was struck by signal post between bridges No. 11 and No. 12 and thrown off, 
bruising him about the head and side. 

October 5. — San Louis, J., freight brakeman: claims that while switching 
at Westfleld dog did not hold, brake flew off and hurt his wrist. 

October 6. — Andrews, Joseph B., stock drover: standing in caboose at 
Brighton, engineer applied air brake and Andrews was thrown against door 
casing, hurting his hip. 

October 8. — Smith, W. H., freight brakeman: knee hurt. Jumping on 
engine while it was in motion at Brookfleld, missed his hold and fell, striking 
his knee on the end of a sleeper. 

October 10. — Tanguay, Philip, freight brakeman: two fingers of right 
hand crushed by getting caught while coupling cars at South Framingliam. 

October 10 — McDermot, William, yard brakeman: after cutting apart two 
cars with Trojan draw-bars, he was closing knuckle, when cars came together, 
caught his right hand and crushed it. Accident happened in Back Bay yard, 
Boston. 

October 11 . — Desloury, W. , freight brakeman : as train was leaving Chester 
a pin broke, train separated, and when the two sections came together Des* 
loury ^as thrown against sink in caboose, hurting his head slightly. 

October 12. — Curley, John, yard brakeman: back and legs bruised. He 
Jumped from a coach coming east on track No. 2 at No. 82 switch, Boston, 
fell between platform and rail and was struck by one of the tracks of the car. 

October 13. — Boyce, B. L., freight brakeman: making up train in West 
Springfield yard, 2.S0 p.m. ; engine was backing down on track No. 6 ; Boyce 
was walking on same track and was struck by engine, which passed over him. 
injuring him so that he died at 10.30. 

October 14. — Bates, A. B., freight brakeman : back wrenched. Claims that 
while switching in the West Springfield yard a brake which he was setting up 
flew off; says he did not pay any attention to It at the time. 

October 14 — Haggar, Katherlne: stepped from train No. 51 before it had 
stopped at Wellesley, and fell, receiving a fiesh wound on the heeL 

October 17. — Bennett, O. L., freight brakeman: going down side ladder 
of B. & A. car No. 5821 at Brookfleld, bottom round broke, letting him fall 
against corner of car, hurting his hip. 

October 17. — Twltchell, E. C, trespasser: engine of train No. 661 cut off 
east of new yard. East Boston, so as to pick up cars at new yard. Twltchell 
stepped in front of cut-off portion of train, was struck, thrown to the ground 
and his collar bone broken. 



1897.] BOSTON & ALBANY. 21 

October 18. — Keep, James, of Soa^hbrldge: left foot crushed, right knee 
cut. This maD was found leaning against tower No. 22, South Framingham, 
at 6.45 P.M. ; apparently had been injured by some train or engine. 

October 20. — Longley, : Jumped from rear car of train No. 108 as it 

was passing through Worcester yard, and fell to the ground ; extent of injury 
not known. 

October 21. — Unknown man : jumped from train No. 89 between Columbus 
Avenue and Providence crossing, and fell ; extent of injury not known. 

October 23. — 0*Leary, Daniel, trespasser: hurt about the head; extent of 
Injury not known. Tried to get on caboose of train No. 654 at Somer- 
viile Avenue crossing, Somerville, missed his hold and was thrown to the 
ground. 

October 24. — Kelley, T. J., freight brakeman : was about to go down end 
of car in West Springfield yard, and just as he stooped over his foot slipped 
and he fell to the ground, bruising his right side and shoulder. 

October 25. — Unknown man : badly cut and bruised about the head. He 
stepped off the rear end of smoking car of train No 60 before it had stopped 
at South Framingham, and fell between curbing and rail. 

October 27. — Harris, C, freight brakeman: air hose burst, and sudden 
application of brake threw Harris against end of caboose, hurting his side. 
Accident happened at Mittineague. 

October 27. — Walbridge, B., yard brakeman: forefinger of left hand split 
open by getting caught while coupling cars on wharf track, Boston. 

October 28. — Ross, B. B., freight brakeman: while getting down side 
ladder of car at Brookllno Junction to pull pin he was struck by signal post 
No. 22, hurting his shoulder. 

October 29. — Edgley, Isaac, flight brakeman: air hose burst, train sepa- 
rated ; then the two sections came together, and Edgley, who was in cupola 
of caboose, fell to the floor, spraining his ankle. Accident happened near 
West Brimfleld. 

October 29. — Carlin, H., freight brakeman : fingers of left hand jammed so 
that three of them had to be amputated. Caught between draw-bars while 
coupling at South Spencer. 

October 29. — Gifford, £. B., freight brakeman: train was backing off at 
Warren; engineer applied air brake, Gifford lost his balance and fell between 
cars to ground; complained of right hip and foot. 

October 29. — Perkins, A., yard brakeman : while train was switching in Back 
Bay yard, Boston, Perkins was found dead on the track; none of the train 
men saw the accident. 

October 30. — Sullivan, P. J. , yard brakeman : left hand crushed by getting 
caufi:ht while coupling cars in West Springfield yard. 

November 1. — McGraw, J , yard brakeman: two fingers of right hand 
jammed by getting caught while coupling cars at East Cambridge. 

November 2. — King, John, laborer: foot jammed. While dumping gravel 
at Natick Pond, he was crossing between engine and car, and his foot slipped 
and was caught between coupling. 

November 8. — Loughlin, M. B., yard brakeman: right foot hurt. Engine 
got off track fn Worcester yard and caught Longhlin*s foot between guard 
rail and foot board. 

November 4. — O'Donnell, M. , freight brakeman : getting on train in West 
Springfield yard, stood on end sill of a coal car; engine started to back up, he 



22 RAILROAD RETURNS. [Jan. 

lost bis balance, pnt bis foot between draw-bars to avoid fallinj? and got it 
caugbt, squeezing his beel. 

November 4. — Unknown man : killed. Switch en^ne No. 29 pulled foar 
cars from wharf track adjoining oil platform at Boston and threw three of 
them back on same track; shortly afterward the body of this man was 
found on track, having been run over. Supposed to have come from under 
oil platform as cars were thrown In. 

November 5. — Munson, H., freight brakeman : was going from Webster to 
Webster Junction to take a train of coal from there; Munson was told to go 
on train No. 402 and get off at West Auburu, but instead of doing so he 
jumped from train as It was passing the Junction and fell, straining his 
shoulder and hurting his face. 

November 6, — Warren, Johanna : hip and elbow hurt, nose bleeding. Switch 
engine No. 5 with three cars was coming from the new yard at East Boston ; 
this woman attempted to cross Margfnal Street ahead of engine, was struck 
and knocked down. 

November 6 — Unknown man : arm crushed and head cut. Tried to get on a 
moving freight train on Grafton hill and fell, his arm going nnder the wheels. 

November 8. — Stacey, George, freight brakeman : train separated, then the 
two sections came together ; Stacey was standing with his right foot on edge 
of running board, and when cars came together It turned over, wrenching his 
ankle. Accident happened near Three Rivers. 

November 8. — Haley, Wm., a tramp: was walking on track, about a mile 
and a quarter east of Middlefleld, was struck by engine No. 157 and Injured 
so that he died the next night. 

November 9. — Fogarty, John ; Hoar, Patrick, section men : badly bmlscd 
and otherwise injured. These men were assisting In loading parts of old 
turn table at West Springfield yard, when some cars were backed down 
the track against the car they were working on, and the casting, being lifted 
by steam derrick, fell against them. 

November 9. — Groodwin, Geo. W., trespasser: foot crashed by getting 
caught between draw-bars while stealing a ride on a freight train on Grand 
Junction Branch, near Carey Cut. 

November 9. — Fairbanks, W. H., freight brakeman: going down side lad- 
der of car In Worcester to pull pin, he was struck by small building near 
tower No. 26 and thrown against the flag staff" and cylinder, then to the 
ground, severely bruising blm about the face and body. 

November 10. — Sweeney, Thos., freight conductor: train separated one 
mile east of Dal ton on account of pusher engine blowing out cylinder head« 
and cars ran back against puj^her : Sweeney was going out of caboose, put out 
his hand to save himself from falling and It went through glass in door, cut- 
ting his wrist. 

November 14. — Mullin, James, yard brakeman: two fingers of right hand 
hurt by getting caught while coupling cars In Allston yard. 

November 14. — Grace, Wm., yard brakeman : cut under chin al>out an Inch 
and a quarter long, also complained of Injury to back and abdomen ; says that 
in turning around to give engineer a motion his heel caught on a nail or board 
in roof of car, causing him to lose his balance so that he fell off car, striking 
his chin on a rail. Accident happened In new yard, East Boston. 

November 16. — Goodwin, James, freight brakeman: bone In right hand 
crushed by getting caught between dead-woods while coupling cars In West 
Springfield yard. 



1897.] BOSTON & ALBANY, 23 

November 17. — Conuelly , Matthew, trespasser : leg cut off. Stealing a ride 
on a freight train ; supposed to have got on at Pittsfleld and Jumped or fell 
off at North Adams Junction, and his leg was run over. 

November 18. — Marra, Mrs. Wm. : killed. Body was found by a freight 
train crew about three-fourths mile west of Hinsdale station, at 1.05 am.; 
body was cold when found. 

November 18. — Cornlne, E. J., freight brakeman : finger Jammed by getting 
caught while coupling cars at Warren. 

November 19. — Eldredge, R. H,, of Cherry Valley, N. Y. : bad scalp wound 
and back hurt. Walking track ; stepped between tracks while a freight train 
was going east and train No. 28 was going west, and was struck by steps of 
coach on train No. 23. 

November 20. — Lombard, F. L., of North Brookfleld ; killed. Walking on 
track, and was struck by train No. 66 near thirty-third mile post. 

November 20. — Dufresne, Fred: foot jammed. Attempted to get on a 
moving fi^ight train at West Warren and fell between train and station plat- 
form ; he was under the Influence of liquor. 

November 20. — Broderick, Chas. E., passenger: skull fractured; died at 
City Hospital at 9 p.m. Was on rear platform of rear car of train No. 145, 
leaning over gate to look up track, and was struck by signal post between 
Cottage Farm and Allston. 

November 21. — Unknown man : walking between tracks about a mile west 
of Natlck, and just before train No. 241 reached him he stepped on track No. 
1, was struck and killed. 

November 23. — Bacon, T. £., freight brakeman : squeezed about the chest by 
getting caught while making a coupling between engine aud head car at Warren. 

November 26. — Hennessey, A., freight brakeman : end of little fluger split 
by getting caught between draw-bars while coupling engine to caboose at 
Worcester. 

November 29. — Morrison, J., passenger brakeman : two fingers of left hand 
Jammed. Was under rear car, examining steam valve, at Worcester, when 
engineer backed train about a foot ; Morrison took hold of brake rod support, 
and when engineer applied brake the lever caught his hand. 

November 29. — Smith, D wight: tried to get on train No. 8 after it had 
started at Wellesley Hills; he caught hold of raUing of rear car and was 
dragged about twenty-five feet between station platform and rail, bruising 
him slightly. 

November 29. — Beals, W., fk^ight brakeman: hip Injured; caught between 
draw-bars while coupling engine and car at Westfield. 

December 1. — Lord, L. J., yard brakeman: left elbow Injured by getting 
caught between dead-woods while coupling at Worcester. 

December 6. — Ross, , of Newtonvllle; Robinson, E. G , baggage mas- 
ter: train No. 170 was run Into Boston station on track No. 2, on which train 
No. 36 (empty) was standing, and engineer did not notice mistake until too 
late to prevent a slight collision. Mr. Ross's Injuries consisted of slight con- 
tusions on the body and a severe nervous shock ; Robinson received several 
severe contusions on the body and head ; was unable to attend to his duties 
for two days. 

December 6. — KcUey, Joseph, freight brakeman : head badly bruised and 
scalp wound. When last seen by conductor he was standing on head car; he 
was afterward found on a car of coal; supposed to have been struck by 
bridge No. 58 or No. 54. 



24 KAILROAD RETURNS. [Jan. 

December 6. — McClintock, 0. M., yard braieman: left band crashed by 
getting caaght between dead-woods while coupling cars at old yard. East 

Boston. 

« 

December 7. — Kelly, J. F., car cleaner: finger braised and torn while 
helping uncouple car that had a broken hook chain. Accident happened in 
milk shed, Boston. 

December 7. — Haynes, W., Areight brakeman: little finger crushed. Was 
pulling pin on caboose in West Springfield yard, and his finger was caug^ht 
between cross-beam of caboose and the pin. 

December 8. — Unknown man: killed. Body was found by train No. 37, 
one and a quarter miles west of Pittsfield, at 12.25 a.m. ; body was cold when 
found. 

December 9. — Brodash, Steve, Italian laborer: struck and kilted by train 
No. 50, while walking on track near Natick. 

December 10. — Murphy, E. H. , brakeman : thumb broken by getting caught 
while coupling engine to passenger car at Riverside. 

December 11. — Collins, M, yard brakeman: two fingers of left hand 
bruised by getting caught while coupling engine to car at East Boston. 

December 18. — Martin, Ralph, of Savoy, Mass. (blind) : he was in a wagon 
with a boy about fourteen years of age, who was driving, and as they were 
going over Park Street crossing, Adams, the wagon was struck by engine of 
train No. 488 and occupants thrown out. Martin struck a fence post and was 
killed; the boy was not injured. Flagman was on duty and tried to prevent 
team going onto crossing, but was unable to do so. 

December 17. — Murphy, Leon T., yard brakeman : left arm crushed near 
the wrist by getting caught between dead-woods while coupling cars at East 
Boston. 

December 18. — Marvin, A. B., freight conductor: scalp wound and conta- 
sions of arm and body. Was riding a car from shoe shop to main track at 
Ashland, and was struck either by signal box or switch stand on cross-over 
from No. 1 to No. 2 track ; was holding onto ladder, with one foot on step, 
when struck. 

December 19. — Gafltaey, Thos., freight brakeman: thrown from car by 
slack of train at West Newton ; struck on his feet, spraining his ankle 

December 19. — Brosnan, Jerry, yard brakeman: foot hurt. Going down 
ladder of car in Boston yard, lost his hold and caught his foot between draw- 
bar of car and casting of engine. 

December 20. — LaPorte, J. H., freight brakeman: little finger on right 
hand bruised by getting caaght while coupling cars at power house between 
South Worcester and JamesviUe. 

December 20. — Chandler, A., Arelght brakeman: forehead and shoulder 
bruised. Train separated between two cars equipped with air brakes, and the 
sudden stopping of train threw Chandler across caboose. Accident hap- 
pened at Westfield. 

December 21. — Howes, Perry, of West Newton, passenger: train No. 96 
ran into engine of Boston local freight, which was switching on No. 4 track 
at Newton freight yard. Howes was in forward end of forward car of train 
No. 96, and bis face was cut by broken glass. Train No. 96 was running very 
slowly, on account of heavy fog. 

December 24. — Mosher, Chas., yard brakeman: hip bruised and wrist 
wrenched. While switching in Springfield freight yard he was riding two 
cars down against some others; he partly set the brake, then went to end of 



1897.] BOSTON & ALBANY. 25 

car to see how far he was from the other cars, and jast as he did so the car 
he was on struck a fiat car and he was thrown from car» striking a rail. 

December 25. — Hunt, F. S., fireight brakeman: train separated as it was 
palling into Worcester yard, and air brake went on suddenly, throwing Hunt 
off caboose, spraining his ankle. 

December 27. —Lord, S., freight conductor : three ribs dislocated. Thrown 
against stove in caboose by the bursting of air hose near New Worcester. 

December 2S. — Heck, G., freight brakeman: elbow pinched by getting 
caught between dead-woods while coupling at Hinsdale. 

December 81. — O'Brien, Michael, trespasser: leg cut off midway between 
ankle and knee. Attempted to get on a west-bound freight train as it was 
passing through Plttsfleld yard, fell, and his leg was run over. 

January 4, 1896. — Gould, W. H., station baggage master: got on side 
ladder of a car in freight train to ride up to the switch at Gilbertvllle ; was 
struck by car on side track and knocked off, hurting his shoulder and back. 

January 4. — Hay ward, H. L., of Springfield: was on train in charge of a 
horse. At Worcester he was in caboose when train stopped rather suddenly, 
and he was thrown against seat, bruising his side. 

January 7. — Kemp, J. W. : went under crossing gate when It was down, 
at Natick, was struck by train No. 24 and killed. 

January 9. — Camp, John, of Montgomery, Mass. : was driving over Farm 
crossing about a mile and a half east of Huntington station; team was 
struck by train No. 10 and Camp was thrown down the bank, bruising him 
badly. 

January 9. — Peters, John, freight brakeman : two-Inch cut In scalp on back 
of head and severe contusion back of ear and left side of neck. When train 
was one-fourth mile west of West Plttsfleld he tripped on running board and 
fell from top of train. 

January 9. — Brown, Thomas, freight brakeman: getting off B. & A. car 
No. 12791 at Nevrton Centre, foot strap was bent out of place, be missed his 
footing and was thrown against rail of track No. 1, badly bruising his left leg 
and wrenching his hip. 

January 9. — Bokelman, H. W., yard conductor: climbing up on B. & A. 
car No. 5571 at Boston, grab iron pulled off, letting him fall, bruising his 
side. 

January 10. — Boss, B. B., freight brakeman: Up cut and upper teeth 
loosened. When pin to lever in scraper car was taken out the men failed to 
hold lever down, and when it flew up it struck Ross in the face. Accident 
happened at Mllford. 

January 10. — McDevitt, D. B., yard brakeman : slightly squeezed between 
stomach and back. Coupling engine to car of lumber in Worcester yard, a 
piece of plank projected over end of car about a foot, and McDevitt was 
caught between this plank and the engine. 

January 10. — Malley, L., yard brakeman : body badly bruised. Was lying 
down on top of a high car as train was pulling out of Back Bay yard, Boston, 
to track No. 4, and he was rolled by bridge No 18. 

January 15. Unknown man : killed. Body was found between tracks No. 
1 and No. 2, about flve hundred feet west of Mlllbury Junction, by train No. 
168, at 11.25 P.M. ; probably killed by train No. 60, as blood stains were found 
on the engine of that train on arrival at Boston. 

January 16. — Dewey, Elwln, freight brakeman : cut on nose and forehead. 
Was about to go out of caboose, near West Brlmfleld, when the sudden appli- 



26 RAILBOAD RETURNS. [Jan. 

cation of the air brake threw him against the door of caboose, and his face 
went through the glass. 

January 20. — Walsh, Wm., yard conductor: was in the act of getting on 
Morris refrigerator car No. 5988, In Springfield freight yard, when the grab 
palled oat and let him fall, striking on rail of next track, harting his knee. 

January 21. — Eelley, T. J., freight brakeman: both legs and left arm 
bruised ; skin off in seyeral places. Was going down ladder of car at Wash- 
ington when train separated and air brake went on suddenly, throwing him 
from the car to the ground. 

January 2U — Logan, John, of Highlandvllle : right foot crushed, left 1^ 
cut off below the knee ; died from injuries. Tried to get on train No. 206 
after it had started, at Newton Highlands, and fell under the wheels. 

January 22. — Llghthall, J., freight brakeman : right hand bruised by getting 
caught while coupling cars in West Newton freight yard. 

January 28. — Unknown man : killed. This man started to cross the track 
ahead of train No. 204, then turned to go back and was struck by engine. 
His skull was fractured, one hand crushed and one foot cut off. Accident 
happened at bridge No. 1, Boston yard. 

January 25. — Unknown man : killed. Body was found lying on track No. 
3, at Wellesley Farms, at 6.40 a.m., by a west-bound freight train ; body was 
cold when found. 

January 21. — Comine, E. J., freight brakeman: as train was pulling off 
turnout at Charlton, he was struck by bridge No. 78, receiving a small cut In 
the scalp. 

January 28. — Flaherty, Martin; Smith, Chas. A.,brakemen on construction 
train : Flaherty was injured about the legs and thigh, and Smithes thigh was 
broken. Making a run of cars at new location, Natick, and brakeman had 
difficulty in pulling pin. When he succeeded, they were too close to allow the 
switchman to throw the switch. He, however, attempted to do so, and the 
result was that the engine went off the track and the cars ran against it. 

January 29. — Marcott, H , freight brakeman : leaving a car with automatic 
coupler at Westfield, he was holding up the pin with the lever; engine started 
ahead and the knuckle flew out and fell on Marcott's foot, bruising it badly. 

February I. — Bacon, F. £., freight brakeman: two Angers of right hand 
smashed and right hip squeezed, by getting caught between draw-bars while 
coupling engine to car in Worcester yard. 

February 2. — LaPorte, J., freight brakeman: cut in head about three 
inches long. Was leaning over the side of car, and was struck by brace of 
bridge at South Worcester. 

February 2. — Clow, Wm., Areight brakeman: while making up train at 
North Adams Junction, engine with ten or twelve cars was backing down on 
track No. 5, where caboose was standing ; Clow was on narrow platform of 
rear car. When within six or seven feet of caboose, engineer took slack of 
train, which caused Clow to be thrown off between car and caboose, wrench- 
ing his arm and shoulder. 

February 8. — Yernette, Isaac, of Ludlow : he lay between the rail and guard 
timber, on ** Indian Leap'' bridge, to avoid train No. 475; he raised his head 
Just as rear car was passing, and the step struck him, cutting a gash six 
Inches long. 

February 4. — Klley, John W., brakeman, gravel train : was struck by post 
of automatic signal, east of Brighton, and thrown from the train to the 



1897.] BOSTON & ALBANY, 27 

groand; he was sent to the hospital, where they report extent of injury un- 
known, bat fear concussion of brain. 

February 4. — Maroney, T., freight brakeman: going from rear to head 
end, to leave cars at North Grafton, he slipped and fell off, spraining his 
thumb. 

Ftbruary 7. — Unknown man: killed. Was running between tracks No. 2 
and No. 3, at Aubnrndale, and was struck by bunter beam of engine of train 
No. 36, and thrown over onto track No. 3. 

February 8. — Monahan, C, freight brakeman: after making a coupling 
in Worcester yard he was stepping out from between the cars ; a brake beam 
caught his heel and doubled his foot up. 

February 10. — Donnelly, J., freight brakeman : nose and lip cut. Backing 
off a box car, at Spring Street, Natlck, and one of the guys that a contractor 
had over the track struck him. 

February 18. — Thompson, W. A., freight brakeman: pulling five cars off 
side track at Jamesvllle; he was standing on the rear car (a coal car). Pin 
broke between this car and the next ; when the others stopped this one ran 
against them, and when It struck It threw him Into the hopper of car, hurting 
his back. 

February 19. — Crlpps, Wm , flight handler : collar bone cracked ; side and 
hip hurt. Some cars thrown In on freight house track, South Framlngham, 
struck a car Cripps was working In, and a bale of waste weighing one hun- 
dred and fifty pounds fell against him. 

February 22. — Riley, P., freight brakeman : several teeth loosened by being 
struck by tell-tale at A spin wall Street, Brookllne, while switching. 

February 25. — Hennessey, M., freight brakeman : left side of head bruised 
and left wrist bruised and sprained. When train was near forty-second mile 
post, Hennessey was getting down out of cupola of caboose ; the air brake 
was applied suddenly, causing him to lose his hold, and he fell to the floor, 
striking the stove. 

February 28. — Kelliher, John, yard brakeman : tips of two fingers of left 
hand taken off by getting caught between draw-bars while coupling cars In 
Springfield freight yard. 

Ftbruary 28. — Callahan, Edward, of Worcester : left arm run over and left 
side of head bruised. Fell while trying to get on a moving freight train at 
South Framlngham. 

March 3. — Gondreau, Frank, A-elght brakeman : left hand crushed by get- 
ting caught between draw-bars while coupling forward end of engine to a car 
at Milford. 

March 8. — Desloury, Chas., trespasser: both legs and one arm rnn over, 
and head cut ; died next day. Tried to get on a freight train as it was pass- 
ing MIttlneague station, and fell under the wheels. 

March 9. — Clay, Daniel L, freight brakeman: killed. Train had Just 
arrived at West Springfield yard and was backing off; Clay was missed by 
train men, and upon search being made, his body, badly mangled, was found 
under the train. So far as known, no one witnessed the accident. 

March 10. — Parmenter, Alex. J., yard brakeman: collar bone and shoulder 
hurt. Lost his balance and fell from car, striking steam chest of engine. 
Accident happened at East Boston. 

March 12. — Hyde, C. F., brakeman : finger pinched by getting caught while 
coupling engine to car at South Framlngham. 



28 RAU.ROAD RETURNS. [Jan. 

March 16. — Brennan, J. F., ftrelght brakeman: bodj braised, collar bone 
broken and left shoalder sprained. While backing fi^e cars onto turn-oot at 
North Wilbraham the engineer applied brake ; cars did not separate from 
train, and the sadden stop threw Brennan flrom top of car to the ground ; car 
passed over, rolling him over and oyer. He was dragged three or four car 
lengths by holding onto the brake. 

March 16. — O'Connell, Jeremiah, section man: killed. While clearing 
snow from switches near tower No. 26, Worcester, it is snpposed he was run 
over by engine No. 169, coming Arom a coal pile. 

March 16. — Donovan, John, of West Stockbridge : while walking on track 
about seven ty-flve rods west of second crossing west of PIttslleld, he was 
struck and killed by train No. 14. There was a heavy snow storm at the time 
and window of cab was covered with snow. 

ilfarcA 17. — Hannon, D. P., freight brakeman: thumb bruised by getting 
caught between pin and dead-wood whllecoupling cars in West Springfield yard. 

March 17. — Gibson, B. B., freight brakeman: arm hurt. When caboose 
was kicked off in Worcester yard the brake chain broke, and caboose struck 
cars on track No. 6, throwing Gibson down. 

March 19. — Howe, G. W., flreight conductor; Crosby, P. F., freight brake- 
man: Howe injured about the back and legs and Crosby about the legs. 
Train separated at Cottage Farm, and when the two sections came together 
these men were thrown from the cars to the ground. 

March 21. — Pratt, C. M., of Lynn, Mass.: scalp wound on left side of 
forehead. Found on track No. S, about one hundred and fifty feet outside of 
train shed, Boston, lying beside platform. 

March 24. — Conlin, Thos., yard brakeman: forefinger of right hand 
Jammed by getting caught l)etween pin and hunter while uncoupling car fbom 
engine in passenger car yard, Springfield. 

March 27. — Langeway, 0. F., yard brakeman: arm and shoulder hurt by 
getting caught between end sills of two cars, while making a coupling at 
Worcester. 

March 27. — Cramer, M. J., freight brakeman ; end of finger (right hand) 
crushed by getting caught between pin and draw-bar while puliing pin at 
Athol. 

March 27. — Bluette, John, of East Brbokfield: found at 2.3S a.m. Ijrin^ 
beside track under bridge Just east of East Brookfleld station, by the crew of 
a freight train. His skull was fractured, left shoulder broken and one %ide 
badly brfilsed ; he died at 4 o'clock the same morning. When found, his body 
was cold and blood on his head was dry. 

March 28. — Brennan, F. J., yard conductor: killed. While making np a 
train on track No. 23 in Boston yard, he was riding three cars in, and when 
they were within about three feet of other cars on track he Jumped from the 
steps and ran between cars, and his head was caught and crushed by 
platforms. 

March 28. — Bailey, Geo , and team : Bailey*s right arm injured, horse's hip 
and leg hurt, wagon broken. Geo. Bailey and H. Gay, both of South Katick, 
were on the ground with a team which stood on track west of crossing in 
Abattoir yard, Brighton, when it was struck by a car which was being moved 
by switching crew. Both men were intoxicated. 

April 1. — Powers, Wm., of Hopkinton, Mass. : right arm cut off, head cut, 
body bruised and shoulder broken. Lying on track near West Brookfleld, and 
was struck by train No. 109. 



1897.] BOSTON & ALBANY. 29 

April S. — Barnes, D wight, fireman : cut on forehead and one tooth broken. 
Was wetting coal and arranging tools on back of tender as engine was backing 
down track No. 26 In Boston yard, and was strnck in the face by bridge No. 2. 

April 4. — Esterbrook, £., freight conductor: third finger of right hand 
crushed by getting caught while coupling cars in Newtonvllle yard. 

April 8. — Allen, D. D., yard brakeman: left foot bruised. Getting on 
train while It was in motion in Boston yard, he placed his foot on draw-bar 
and it was caught by pin. 

April 18. — Brady, Wm., freight brakeman : train separated at East Brook- 
field, on account of a knuckle opening. Brady was running to get to forward 
end of rear section, when his foot slipped from running-board, his ankle 
turned and he fell to the ground, hurting his wrist and ankle. 

April 15. — Trudeau, L., freight brakeman: head bruised by being struck 
by cross-beam while riding cars into the freight house at Milford. 

April 16. — Acton, P. Q., fireman: scalp wound. As engine No. 157 was 
going to Cottage Farm, he got up on tender to place flag in position, and was 
struck by bridge No. 5, Boston yard. 

April 21. — Rellly, W. C, freight brakeman: right hand badly bruised. 
While running along by side of train, cutting off cars, at North Adams Junc- 
tion, his foot slipped on a tie ; he put out his hand to save himself from 
falling and it went between the hunters. 

April 25. — Unknown man: killed. Stealing a ride on a freight train; he 
lost his hat, Jumped off to get it and was struck by train No. 42. Accident 
happened near Ashland. 

April 25. — Hudson, John, yard brakeman : finger crushed by getting caught 
between draw-bars while coupling cars at East Boston. 

April 25. — Gaflhey, Thos., brakeman on grayel train: first finger of right 
hand crushed. Was coupling dump cars at Riverside gravel pit and got his 
finger caught between foot-board and body of car. 

April 26. —Murphy, Chas., of Westfleld: thumb of right hand taken off. 
Boarded a west-bound freight train as it was leaving Chester and was knocked 
off by standard of water tank, his hand going under wheel of car. 

April 27. — Sloane, Henry : had Just been hired by a foreman to work on 
the railroad, and was walking on the track at Newton. He crossed over Arom 
track No. 1 to track No. 8, and was struck and killed by train No. 128. Bell 
was ringing and whistle was sounded, but he paid no attention to the 
warning. 

April 28. — Arlanl, Louis (four years old) : head hurt slightly; left foot in- 
jured so it had to be amputated at ankle. Crew of switching engine No. 
19 found him lying beside track, south of Bloomingdale road crossing, 
Worcester. 

Map 1. —Hill, Chas. H., car carder: index finger of left hand crushed so it 
had to be amputated, and thumb badly bruised, by getting caught while coup- 
ling engine to car at Worcester. 

May 8. — Unknown man: killed. Found lying between No. 1 and No. 2 
tracks, near forty-first mile post, by crew of engine No. 182 ; supposed to 
have been struck by a train. 

May 5. — Murphy, : killed. This man was crossing tracks at tower 

Ko. 1, Boston, and was struck by engine of train No. 80. 

May 5. — Conti, Frank, of Somerville: cut on right hand, wrist sprained 
and face bruised. Got on wrong train (No. 69), and when he discovered his 
mistake, Jumped off and fell. Accident happened at Newton Highlands. 



30 RAILROAD RETURNS. [Jan. 

Ifoir 7. — Donahue, C, yard brmkeman : as train was coming out of Harvard 
Street lumber yard, he stood on a box car with his back to engine, and was 
strack on head and neck by cross beam over gate. 

May 12. — Gillis, J., yard brakeraan: hand, face and hip injured by falling 
to the ground while crossing from one car to another on wharf track, Boston. 

May 13. — Finnegan, J., freight brakeman : was going down side ladder of 
car at Worcester; slack of train caused him to lose his hold, and he fell to 
the ground, catting his head and bruising his hip. 

May 16. — Lucas, John, ftreight brakeman: index finger of right hand 
bruised. Pulling pin as train was backing up at West Brlmfield; banter 
shoved under and caught his finger between pin and dead-wood. 

May 15. — Leonard, C H., yard brakeman: second finger of left hand 
crushed by getting caoght while coupling cars at Boston depot. 

May 16. — Bamber, W., yard brakeman : foot hurt. He stood on foot-board 
of engine as it was going in on track No. 40 at Back Bay yard, Boston, and 
his foot was struck by a large Umber which lay beside the track. 

May 16. — Grossarth, Frank, electric signal man: leg cut in two places. 
Says ** Foot slipped and I fell, and train No. 118 dragged me about twenty 
feet over the ties." 

May 18. — Webster, S. L., freight brakeman : scalp wound and face braised. 
Sat on caboose and was struck by Washington Street bridge, Chelsea. 

May 19. — Kelly, : leg cut off. Walking on track, at Albany Street 

bridge, Boston yard, and was struck by train No. 154. Train No. 159 was 
passing, and a freight train stood on track No. 16. 

May 19. — Flarlty, Thos., section man : he was intending to leave train No. 
69 at Columbus Avenue, but did not notice when train stopped there ; as it 
was passing Huntington Avenue he Jamped off and fell, breaking his arm and 
bruising his face. 

May 19. — Felton, C. (a boy) : stealing a ride on a freight train, and Jumped 
off at stone bridge east of Hinsdale, in front of train No. 387; was struck by 
the engine and his skall fractured ; he died about 11 o'clock the same night. 

May 20. — Welcome, Jos., of Westfleld: concussion of brain. Stealing a 
ride on freight train, and fell Arom top of car jast east of Westfleld station. 

May 21. — Bonley, Nelson, switchman: placing cars at fk^lght house at 
South Spencer, and while applying brake his hand slipped from brake head 
and he fell to the ground, hurting his back. 

Mdy 21. — Italian laborer No. 4 : toes of right foot crushed. Trying to get 
on construction train while It was in motion, at MetcalTs, slipped, and his 
foot went under the wheel. 

May 22. — Ooss, Frank, of North Wilbraham: foot cut off. Got on a 
freight train about two miles ea.st of North Wilbraham, and In getting olT, 
near bridge No. 100, he fell, and wheel of car passed over his foot. 

May 23. — Holt, A. E., freight brakeman : thamb crushed by getting caught 
between draw-bar lever and dead-wood while uncoapllng cars at South 
Spencer. 

May 23. — Young, David, freight brakeman : killed. Bun over by engine as 
it was backing ap track No. 6, Worcester yard, making up train. 

May 25. — Bolder, Geo., freight brakeman : skull fractured, ribs broken and 
ear torn off. Knocked off car by Shawmut Avenue bridge, Boston. 

May 30. — Blnltt, Victor, freight brakeman: finger smashed by gettini^ 
caught while coupling cars at South Framlngham. 



1897.] BOSTON & ALBANY. 31 

May 81. — Dlsley, Morris, of Palmer: struck and killed by train No. 75, 
Engineer says that when about a mile and a half west of Palmer he saw this 
man sitting on south rail of track No. 1, bent over as though asleep; he 
sounded whistle and applied brake, but man did not appear to hear whistle, 
and engine struck him, throwing him over on track No. 2. 

June 2. — Unknown man: killed. Had a bad scalp wound. Body was 
found near King's brick yard (between Brookfleld and Ea^t Brookfield) by 
Conductor Dupont's east-bound freight train, at 8.57 a.m.; cold when 
found. 

June 2, — Gtlhooly, J.: killed. Body found by train No. IS, near seven- 
teenth mile post, lying between tracks No. 1 and No. 2; cold and stiff when 
found. 

June 2. — Wllcott, 0., fVelght brakeroan: was sitting on side of a freight 
car, and baggage car of train No. 54 struck his legs, bruising them. Accident 
happened at Providence crossing, Boston. 

June 3. — Murphy, Hugh: head cut, ribs broken and injured internally. 
Picked up near Brackett's coal yard, Newton, about 6.20 p.m., and taken to 
hospital, where he died at 9.80 p.m. ; he was unable to tell how accident hap- 
pened. 

June 4 — Laporte, J., freight brakeman: hand bruised. End of B. & A. 
car No. 6842 pulled out at Palmer ; Laporte was on the car, and his hand was 
caught between brake wheel and roof of car. 

June 5. — McArthur, Hugh, car repairer: hands bruised, wrists sprained, 
chest and right thigh injured. Switch engine No. 27 was backing up middle 
track in AlLston shop yard ; this man stepped out from behind a car he was 
repairing on next track and was struck by side of tender of engine. 

June 6. — Lotrldge, J., freight brakeman: head cut by striking automatic 
signal as train was pulling up track No. 4 in West Springfield yard. 

June 6 — Nichols, Geo., ft-eight brakeman: air hose burst on B. L. S. 
express car No. 78 at West Brookfleld, and Nichols, who was getting down 
from cupola of caboose, was tiirown against door and stove, hurting his 
back. 

June 10. — Woodbury, John A., of Hopkinton : right leg crushed below the 
knee. Attempted to get on train No. 76 after it had started, at South Fram- 
ingham, lost his hold and fell on track, and his leg was run over by forward 
truck of rear car. 

Jmie 10. — Kantel, J., engine wiper : running across tracks In Boston yard, 
and was struck by engine of train No. 84, receiving a bad scalp wound and 
losing his right foot. 

June 11. — Lakln, Harry, yard brakeman: back and hip bruised. After 
cutting off an empty car from engine, in Springfield freight yard, he stepped 
off foot-board of engine ; did not look to see where car was, and it struck 
him, knocking him down. 

June 18. — Valinsky, John, of Worcester : killed. Crossing tracks at Grafton 
Street, Worcester, and was struck by train No. 14 ; gates were down. 

June 18. — Archibald, L. £ , yard brakeman: left hand crushed by getting 
caught while coupling cars at East Cambridge. 

June 18. — Mahan, C. J., yard brakeman: left hand crushed by getting 
caught between dead-woods while coupling cars at East Boston. 

Ju}xe 15. — Carpenter, H. R., freight brakeman: a Boston & Maine train 
backed against B. & A. engine No. 180, at Lowell & Fltchburg Junction, on 



32 RAILROAD RETURNS. [Jan. 

Grand Janctton Branch ; Carpenter, who was on a flat car, was thrown to the 
ground, hurting his back. 

June 17. — Chiqettet, Albert, of Montpeller, Yt. : left leg broken below the 
knee. Getting on a moying freight train, between Worcester and Soath 
Worcester, and struck his leg against oil box of car. 

June 28. — Leary, John, lYeight brakeman : finger crushed by getting caught 
between pin and casting on engine while pulling pin at West Springfield 
yard. 

June 28. — Millard, L. 8., fireman: bruised about the head. Engine cab 
came in collision with cars on siding in Palmer yard ; fireman was caught in 
coal pit by falling pieces of cab. 

June 2^. — Brault, Joe, freight brakeman: head cut and leg broken. Fell 
from top of car while switching in Worcester yard. 

June 26. — Unknown man : killed. Struck by engine No. 185 of freig^ht 
train, while walking on track at Sutton Lane crossing. South Worcester. 

June 27. — Marks, W. H., yard brakeman: first two fingers of right hand 
bruised by getting caught while coupling engine to passenger car at Spring* 
field. 



CORPORATB NaMK AND ADDRBBS OF THS COMPAVT. 

BOSTON & ALBANY RAILROAD COMPANY, 

Boston, Mass. 



Names and Business Address of Principal Officers. 

William Bliss, Pre9ident, Boston, Mass. Edward D. Hayden, Vice-Pretident^ 
Boston, Mass. Charles E. Stevens, Treasurer, Boston, Mass. Frank H. 
Katcliflte, Assistant Treasurer^ Boston, Mass. Myron £. Barber, Auditor^ 
Boston, Mass. Edward D. Hayden, Clerk of Corporation^ Boston, Mass. 
Samuel Hoar, General Counsel^ Boston, Mass. Walter H. Barnes, Oenerai 
Manager, Boston, Mass. William R. Robeson, Oenerai Superintendent^ 
Springfield, Mass. Arthur Mills, General Traffic Manager, Boston, Mass. 
Arthur S. Hanson, Oenerai Passenger Agent, Boston, Mass. Henry B. 
Chapln, Oenerai Freight Agent, Boston, Mass. 



Names and Residbncb of Board of Directors. 

William Bliss, Boston, Mass. John Cummings, Wobum, Mass. Zenas 
Crane, Dalton, Mass. Edward L. Davis, Worcester, Mass. Chauncey K. 
Depew, New York, N. Y. Edward B. Gillett, Westfield, Mass. Edward D. 
Hayden, Wohurn, Mass. Samuel Hoar, Concord, Mass. Albert C. Houghton, 
North Adams, Mass. Jacob C. Rogers, Peabody, Mass. James A. RumriU, 
Springfield, Mass. Charles 8. Sargent, Brookline, Mass. 



1897.] BOSTON & ALBANY. 33 

We hereby certify that the sUtements contained In the foregoing return are 
full, Just and true. 

WILLIAM BLISS, 
EDWARD D. HAYDEN, 
EDWARD L. DAVIS, 
EDW. B. GILLETT, 
SAMUEL HOAR, 
ALBERT C. HOUGHTON, 
J. A. RUMRILL, 
ZENAS CRANE, 
JACOB C. ROGERS, 

Directors. 
C. B. STEVENS, 

Treasurer. 
WALTER H. BARNES, 

General Manager, 



Commonwealth of BIassachusetts. 

Suffolk, ss. A0O. 81, 1896. Then personally appeared the above-named 
William Bliss, Edward D. Hayden, Edward L. Davis, Edw. B. Gillett, Samuel 
Hoar, Albert C. Houghton, J. A. Rumrilt, Zenas Crane, Jacob C. Rogers, C. 
E. Stevens and Walter H. Barnes, and severally made oath that the foregoing 
certificate by them sabscribed is, to the best of their knowledge and belief, 
true. 

Before me, F. H. RATCLIFFE, 

Justice of the Peace, 



34 



RAILROAD RETURNS. 



[Jan. 



RETURN 



OF THE 



BOSTON & LOWELL RAILROAD COMPANY 



For the Tear bndikq June 80, 1896. 



[Leased to and operated by the Boston ft Maine.] 



General Exhibit for the Tear. 

Total Income Arom lease of road, 

Expenses and charges upon income accraed daring the year : 
Salaries and maintenance of organization, . 07,000 00 
Interest on ftinded debt, .... 864,864 00 
Interest and discount on unfunded debts and 

loans, 2,926 00 

Total Expenses and Charges, 

Net Divisible Income, 

Dividends declared, 7 per cent, 

Amount of surplus June 80, 1896 

Additions during the year : for premium received from sale of 
2,000 shares of stock, 

Total Surplus June 80, 1896, 

General Balance Sheet June 80, 1896. 

Assets. Dr. 

Cost of road, . 

Cost of equipment, 

Bonds of Central Massachusetts Bailroad Co., $2,000,000 00 
Bonds of St. Johnsbury & Lake Champlain 

Railroad Company, 896,000 00 

Stock of St. Johnsbury & Lake Champlain 

Railroad Company, 0860,470 60 

Stock of Peterborough Railroad Company, . 19,860 00 

Stock of Essex Marine Railway Company, . • 8,725 00 

Total Permanent Investments, 



0824,847 00 



874,789 00 



0460,068 00 

0450,058 00 
1,210,668 91 

212,600 00 



01,428,168 91 



011,754,826 56 
888,588 94 



2,895,000 00 



884,055 50 



015,866,965 00 



1897.] 



BOSTON & LOWELL. 



35 



Cash 8289,988 84 

Dae from solvent companies and Indiyidaals, . 457,825 59 
Sinking and other special ftmds, • . 11,885 86 

Total Cash and Current Assets, .... 

Total 



LlABILITIBS. 

Capital stock, 

Funded debt, 

Current liabilities : 

Dividends not caUed for, .... 

Matured interest coupons unpaid (including 
coupons due July 1), 

Total Current Liabilitibs, . 



Cr. 



8228,550 00 
49,481 50 



Accrued liabilities : interest accrued and not yet due, 
Sinking fund for redemption of bonds of Salem & Lowell and 

Lowell & Lawrence R.R. Cos., 

Profit and loss balance (surplus), 



Total, 



Property Accounts. 

Additions to construction account : 
Grading and masonry, . 
Bridging, .... 
Superstructure, including rails. 
Lands, land damages and fences, 
Wharves and wharf property, 



♦5,114 41 

41,981 07 

1,864 02 

224,877 14 

89,168 86 



Total Additions to Construction Account, 



SiNKiNO Funds. 

Amount, June 80, 1895, sinking fund for redemption of bonds, 
Additions during year, 

Total Sinking Funds, June 80, 1896, .... 



$759,144 29 



016,626,109 29 



86,529,400 00 
8,321,900 00 



277,981 50 

61,778 52 

11,885 86 
1,428,168 91 



816.626,109 29 



Capital Stock. 

Capital stock authorized by law, . . 87,879,400 00 

Capital stock authorized by votes of company, 6,529,400 00 

Capital stock issued and outstanding, 

Number of shares Issued and outstanding, . 65,294 

Number of stockholders, . . . . 2,081 

Number of stockholders In Massachusetts, . 1,745 

Amount of stock held in Massachusetts, . . 8^,554,100 00 



8812,500 00 



810,988 68 
896 68 



811,885 86 



86,529,400 00 



86 



RAILROAD RETURNS. 



[JaD 



FiTNDBD PBBT. 



DXSOBIPTION or 6XOUBITIB8. 


Bate of 
Interest. 


Date of 
Maturity. 


Amount 
Outstanding. 


Interest Paid 
during Tear. 


• 


Per Cent. 










Bonds datedjuly 1, 1876, . 




July 


1, 1806, 


$750,000 00 


$45,000 00 


Bonds dated July 1, 1879, . 






July 


1,1880, 


620,000 00 


81,000 00 


Bond! dated May 1, 1883, . 




4i 


May 


1,1008, 


260,000 00 


11,250 00 


Bonds dated Bept 1. 1886, . 






Sept. 


1, 1005, 


600,000 00 


20,000 00 


Bonds dated Nov. 1, 1886, . 






Nov. 


1,1006. 


600,000 00 


20.000 00 


Bonds dated June 1, 1887, . 






June 


1, 1007, 


2,000,000 00 


80,000 00 


Bonds dated Jnly 1, 1887, . 






July 


1, 1907, 


826,000 00 


13,000 00 


Bonds dated April 1, 1880, . 






April 


1,1000, 


860,000 00 


14,000 00 


Bonds dated April 1, 1802, . 






April 


1, 1032, 


1,000,000 00 


40,000 00 


Bonds dated Peb. 1, 1803, . 






Feb 


1, 1013. 


1,000,000 00 


40,000 00 


Bonds dated March 1, 1805, 






March 1, 1016. | 


600,000 00 


20,000 00 


Bonds of Salem & Lowell R.R., 




Oct. 


1,1808, 


226,000 00 


18,614 00 


Bonds of Lowell & Lawrence R.R , . 
Note dne Nashua & Lowell R.K. 




Oct. 


1, 1807, 


200,000 00 


12,000 00 












Company, 


6 


July 

• 


1,1000, 

• * 


100,00^00 


5,000 00 


Totals, 


• 


$8,821,000 00 


$364,864 00 



DBSCRnPTION OF RAILROAD. 

(See tabulated description in preceding appendix to report.) 



Railroad Crossings in Massachusbtts. 



Crossings voith Highways, 

Number of crossings of company's railroad by highways at 
grade, 

Number of crossings of company's railroad by highways above 
railroad, 

Number of crossings of company's railroad by highways under 
railroad 

Number of highway crossings at grade protected by gates, . 

Number of highway crossings at grade protected by flagmen, 

Number of highway crossings at grade unprotected, 

Number of highway grade crossings finally abolished during 
the year, 

Number of highway grade crossings now in process of aboli- 
tion, 

Number of highway grade crossings for abolition of which 
petition is pending, 

Number of highway bridges 18 feet (or more) above track, . 

Number of highway bridges less than 18 feet above track, « 

Height of lowest highway bridge above track. 

Crossings wUh Other Bailroads, 

Crossings of company's railroad with other railroads at grade 
(7 in number), viz. : 
Boston, Mystic Branch and Eastern Division. Boston, 
Mystic Branch and Western Division. Boston, Mystic 
Branch and Charlestown Branch and Eastern Division. 
Boston, Mystic Branch and Grand Junction Railway. 
Wilmington Junction, Salem & Lowoll Branch and 
Western Division. West Peabody, Salem & Lowell 
Branch, and Dan vers Branch, Western Division. Law- 
rence, Lowell & Lawrence Branch and Western Division. 



119 

49 

9 
58 
84 
27 



8 

- 3 
8 
41 
14 ft. 9f In. 



1897.] BOSTON & LOWELL. 37 



Namber of above crossiDgs at which InterlocklDg signals are 

established, 

Namber of crossings over other railroads, .... 
Namber of crossings under other railroads, .... 



4 
1 
2 



Corporate Namb and Address of the Company. 
BOSTON & LOWELL RAILROAD CORPORATION, 

Boston, Mass. 



Names and Business Address of Princifal Officers. 

Frederick E. Clarke, PreMent, Lawrence, Mass. C. E. A. Bartlett, TreoM' 
urer and Clerk of Corporation, Boston, Mass. 



Names and Residence of Board of Directors. 

Frederick E. Clarke, Lawrence, Mass. T. Jefferson Coolidge, Manchester, 
Mass. George A. Gardner, Boston, Mass. F. L. Higginson, Boston, Mass. 
C. E. Cotting, Boston, Mass. Edwin Morey, Boston, Mass. W. C. Baylies, 
Taanton, Mass. 



We hereby certify that the statements contained in the foregoing retnm are 

full, lust and true. 

FREDERICK E. CLARKE, 

WALTER C. BAYLIES. 

F. L. HIGGINSON, 

CHA8. E. COTTING, 

Directors. 
C. B. A. BARTLETT, 

Treasurer, 



Commonwealth of Massachusetts. 

Suffolk, ss. Boston, Sept. 8, 1896. Then personally appeared the aboye- 
named Frederick E. Clarke, Walter C. Baylies, F. L. Higginson and Chas. E. 
CotUng, and severally made oath that the foregoing certificate by them sab- 
scribed is, to the best of their knowledge and belief, true. 

Before me, C. E. A. BARTLETT, 

Justice of the Peace. 



COBfMONWEALTH OF MASSACHUSETTS. 

Suffolk, ss. Boston, Sept. 8, 1896. Then personally appeared the above- 
named C. E. A. Bartlett and made oath that the foregoing statement by him 
subscribed is, to the best of his knowledge and belief, true. 

Before me, EDGAR J. RICH, 

Justice of the Peace, 



38 



RAILROAD RETURNS. 



[Jan. 



RETURN 



OF THB 



BOSTON & MAINE RAILROAD 



For the Tbar sxdino Junk 80, 1896. 



Qenbbax* Exhibit for the Tear. 

Gross earnings from operation, 

Operating expenses, • 

(N^BT Income from Operation, 

Interest received on bonds owned: Central 

Massachusetts R.R., .... 02,50000 

Dividends received on stocks owned : 

Maine Central R.R. (25,180 

shares, 6 per cent), . . $150,980 00 

Portland & Rochester R.R. 

(4,821 shares, 6 per cent) , 28,926 00 

York Harbor & Beach R.R. 
(4,971 shares, par $50.00, 
4 per cent), . . . 9,942 00 

Portland & Ogdensborg R.R. 
(3,952^(f shares, 2 per 
cent) 7,904 80 

St. Johns Bridge and Railway 
Extension (240 shares, 
par $50.00, 5 per cent), . 600 00 

Portland & Saco R.R. (35 

shares, 6 per cent), . . 210 00 

Eastern R.R. in New Hamp- 
shire (15 shares, 3 per 
cent), .... 45 00 

Portsmouth & Dover R.R. 

(3 shares, 6 per cent), . 18 00 

Total Dividends Received, . . 198,805 80 

Miscellaneous income, less expense of collect- 
ing: 
Rents of tene- 
ments, lands, 
etc., . . $308,094 88 
Less expense, . 48,650 01 

$254,444 37 



$20,499,768 27 
14,506,989 70 



$5,992,828 57 



1897.] 



BOSTON & MAINE. 



89 



Miscellaneous Income, etc. — Concluded, 
Bridge toUs, . 010,779 83 
Less expense, . 1,480 GO 



Dividend on 9,784 shares Vt. 
Valley R.R. Co. stock, 
owned by (Connecticut 
River R.R., 

Dividend on 1,099 shares Mt. 
Washington R'y stock, 
owned by C. & M. Rail- 
road, .... 

Dividend on 194 shares Mt. 
Washington R'y stock, 
owned by Conn. & Pass. 
Rivers R.R., . 

Dividend on 381 shares Peter- 
borough Railroad stock, 
owned by Boston & Lowell 
Railroad, .... 

Dividend on 381 shares Pemi- 
gewasset Valley Railroad 
stock,* .... 

Dividend on 812 shares Con- 
cord & Montreal R.R. 

BvOCa, .... 

Dividend on 100 shares New 
Boston R.R. stock,* 

Int. on $iO,000 bonds Woods- 
viUe Aqueduct Co. ,♦ 

Interest received, . 

Lyndon ville water works, 

Winnipesaukee Steamboat Co., 

Sundry items. 



99,849 88 

29,202 00 

6,694 00 

1,164 00 

1,824 00 

2,052 00 

1,688 00 

200 00 

400 00 

83,156 02 

843 17 

615 84 

8,617 79 



Total Miscbllanbous Income, 



9394,101 02 



Total Incomis from other Sources than Operation, 
Gross Income above Opbratinq Expenses, . 



Charges upon inconie accrued during the year : 
Interest on funded debt, .... 
Interest on real estate mortgages, etc.. 

Taxes, 

Rentals of leased roads : 

Boston & Lowell R.R., 

Concord & Montreal R.R., . 

Connecticut River R.R., . 

Wor., Nash. & Roch. R.R., 

Conn. & Pass. Rivers R.R., 

Northern Railroad, . 

Central Massachusetts R.R., 

Manchester & Law. R.R., . 

Port., Saco & Ports'h R.R., 

Nashua & Lowell R. R. , 

Lowell & Andover R.R. , . 

Portsmouth & Dover R.R., 



91,071,461 80 

24,934 19 

981,953 58 



9724,847 00 

716,262 08 

351,600 00 

250,000 00 

188,000 00 

185,420 00 

147,078 75 

112,960 00 

90,000 00 

73,000 00 

52,500 00 

46,140 00 



9595,206 82 



$6,588,035 39 



* Owned by Concord ft IContrtal Rallroftd. 



40 



RAILROAD RETORNS. 



[Jan. 



Rentals of leased roads — Concluded. 
Massawippi Valley R'y, . $86,000 00 
Pemigewasset Valley R.R., 32,751 00 
Concord & Ports'h R.R., . 25,000 00 
Eastern R.R. in N. H., . 22,500 00 
Stony Brook Railroad, 21 ,500 00 
WUton Railroad, 2 s400 00 
Peterborough Railroad, 15,700 00 
Snncook Valley Railroad, . 14,700 00 
K'bank & K'bnnkport R.R., 2,925 00 
New Boston Railroad, 2,800 00 


03,181,583 78 




Newport & Rich- 
ford Railroad, 017,500 0( 

Sub-let to Can. 
Pacific R'y for 
the sum of . 18,000 0( 


$3,132,083 78 

) 

) 

500 00 




v^reciiw, • • • 1 








Payments to sinking and other 
Eastern Railroad, . 
Boston & Maine Railroad, 


special funds : 
021.347 60 
51,285 00 


72,632 60 


1 






Total Chargbs and Dsductions from I 


NCOME, . 

... 


05,282,665 95 


Nbt Divisible Income, .... 


01,306,469 44 


Dividends declared (6 per cent on preferred 
stock),* 

Dividends declared (6 per cent on common 
stock),* 

Dividend on stock exchanged 


0188,988 00 

1,045,014 00 
56 00 




Total Dividends declared, . 


... 

... 
... 

t of Northern 


1,234,058 00 


Surplus for year ending June SO, 1896, . 
Amountof surplus June 80, 1895, . 


071,411 44 
1,616,001 96 


Deductions during the year: old claim, accoun 
Railroad lease. ..... 


01,687,413 40 
10.255 86 




. . • 




Total Surplus June 30, 


1896, 


01,677,157 64 



* Dividendt Paid during Tear ending June 30, 1896, 

Aag. 16, 1806, 1) per cent on 174,169 sliAree, oommon, 

Sept. 1, 1806, 8 per cent on 81,408 aharee, preferred, . 

Nov. 16, 1806, 14 p«r cent on 174,180 aharee, common, 

Jan. 1, 1806, li per cent on 174,160 aharee, common, . 

March 1, 1806, 3 per cent on 81,408 aharea, preferred, 

April 1, 1806, ]| per cent on 174,160 aharea, common, 

July 1, 1806, dividend on atook exchanged prevlona to thia year, 



Total divldenda paid, 



. $261,S6S 60 
04,494 00 

. 861,268 60 

. 261,S88 60 
04,404 00 

. 261,368 60 
6600 

$1,984,068 00 



1897.] 



BOSTON & MAINE, 



41 



Earnings from Operation. 



DSPABTMIXT or BXRTICX. 



Gross 
BeoalptB. 



Dedoctlons. 



Barnlngi. 



Passeoger fervloe : 
Gross receipts from passeogers, 
Deductions : 
Tickets redeemed, • 
Excess fares refanded, . 
Other repayments, . 



Total dednetlons, 



NxT RsTZiruB rROM Paisbngvbs, 



From mails, .... 
From express, . • • . 
From extra baggage and storage, 



Total Eabrikob, Pabbxmgbr Sbbyiok, 

Freight service : 
Gross receipts from freight, 
Deductions : 
OTercharge to shippers, 



KBT RBTEHini rROM FBBieBT, 



From elerators, 

Other earnings, freight service : Eastern transfer. 



Total Earninob, Frxigbt Bbrticb, 



$0,227,600 47 



$821,060 14 

001,042 72 

06,002 81 



$10,446,724 20 



$11,000 64 

100,877 46 

8,000 00 



$128,880 00 



$17,068 74 
7,207 67 



Total Passbhgbb ahb Frxiobt Sarnixob, 

Other earnings from operation : 

Telegraph companies, 

Rentals from tracks, yards and terminals, . 



Total 

Steamer •* Mt. Washington " (defldt), . 



Total Othxr EABimreB, 

Gross Earhxnos rRox Opbration, 



$6,000 08 
10,710 26 



$16,800 08 
007 18 



$102,001 28 



$0,000,278 48 



1.017,006 07 



$10,110,000 16 



$10,848,128 00 
24,800 81 



$10,807,080 87 



$20,484,068 62 



14,800 76 



$20,400,708 27 



ExpENSBS OF Operation. 



General expenses : 
Salaries of general officers, .... 
Salaries of clerks anil attendants, . 
General office expenses and supplies, . 

Insurance, 

Law expenses, 

Stationery and printing (general offices), . 
Other general expenses : contingent expenses, 

Total, . . . . 



967,326 00 

142,488 80 

81,696 20 

108,818 06 

126,077 84 

18.479 09 

87,960 99 



$627,889 98 



42 



RAILROAD RETURNS. 



[Jan. 



Maintenance of way and stractnres : 

Repairs of roadway, 

Renewals of rails, 

Renewals of ties, 

Repairs and renewals of bridges and calverts, 

Repairs and renewals of fences, road crossings, signs and 
cattle guards, 

Repairs and renewals of buildings and fixtures, . 

Repairs and renewals of docks and wtianres. 

Repairs and renewals of telegraph, 

Stationery and printing, 

Other expenses of maintaining way and stractnres : miscel- 
laneous supplies and expenses, 



Total, 



Maintenance of equipment : 

Superintendence, 

Repairs and renewals of locomotives, . 
Repairs and renewals of passenger cars, 
Repairs and renewals of freight cars, . 
Repairs and renewals of work cars. 
Repairs and renewals of marine equipment, . 
Repairs and renewals of shop machinery and tools. 

Stationery and printing, 

Other expenses of maintaining equipment : 

Watching expenses, etc., 

New equipment, .......' 

Air brakes and automatic couplers, . 



Total, 



Conducting transportation : 

Superintendence, 

Engine and roundhouse men, 

Fuel for locomotives, 

Water supply for locomotives, 

Oil, tallow and waste for locomotives, 

Other supplies for locomotives, 

Train service, 

Train supplies and expenses, 

Switchmen, flagmen and watchmen, 

Telegraph expenses, 

Station service, 

Station supplies, 

Car mileage — balance, 

Loss and damage, 

Injuries to persons, 

Clearing wrecks, 

Operating marine equipment, 

Advertising 

Outside agencies, 

Rentals for tracks, yards and terminals, .... 
Rentals of buildings and other property, .... 

Stationery and printing, 

Other expenses of condactlng transportation : contingent 
expenses of passenger and freight business, . 

Total, 



$1,539,816 33 
108,634 77 
285,346 30 
283,076 03 

123,028 78 

507.611 26 

20,875 55 

6,360 17 

2,874 99 

471 30 



$2,877,595 48 


$46,872 


34 


415,2»0 


29 


521 .020 


97 


484,103 


47 


22,526 


17 


7,600 00 


65,673 


73 


4,052 


43 


56,344 


40 


408,939 


84 


373,477 09 


$2,405,900 73 


$290,498 05 


1,218,568 


69 


1,724,447 


76 


82,023 


38 


16,771 


53 


25,642 


55 


1,078,314 


79 


325,749 


66 


1,081,873 


21 


189,747 


69 


1,479,984 


80 


276,602 


21 


314,517 


52 


66,962 


74 


268,414 


06 


14,335 


57 


3,194 


28 


57,408 


07 


30,108 


36 


52,840 


09 


19,634 


93 


125,421 


33 


3,042 


24 



$8,696,103 51 



1897.] 



BOSTON & MAINE. 



43 



Recapitulation : 

General expenses, 

Maintenance of way and structures, 
Maintenance of equipment, . . . . 
Conducting transportation, . 

Total Opbrating Expenses, . 

Percentage of operating expenses to earnings, 



$527,339 98 
2.877,696 48 
2,406,900 73 
8,696,103 61 



$14,506,939 70 
70.766 



General Balance Sheet June 30, 1896. 

Assets. Dr. 

Cost of road, 

Cost of equipment, 

Bonds of Newbnryport Railroad, . . $298,464 96 

Bonds of Danvers Railroad, .... 126,000 00 
Bonds of St. Johnsbury & Lake Champlaln 

Railroad, 184,000 00 

Bonds of Central Massachusetts Railroad, . 100,000 00 

Total Bonds, 

Stock of Maine Central Railroad, . . $2,616,000 00 

Stock of Boston & Maine Railroad, . . . 1,686,766 91 

Stock of Portland & Rochester Railroad, 482,060 00 

Stock of York Harbor & Beach Railroad, . 248,660 00 

Stock of Portland & Ogdensburg Railroad, 146,238 80 

Stock of Franklin & Tilton Railroad, . . 126,000 00 
Stock of Portland Union Railway Station 

Company, 26,000 00 

Stock of Portland, Mt. Desert and Machias 

Steamboat Company, .... 16,000 00 

Stock of Portland, Saco & Portsmouth Railroad, 4,376 00 
Stock of St. Johnsbury & Lake Champlaln 

Railroad, 4,303 66 

Stock of Newburyport Railroad, . 4,080 00 
Stock of Dangers Railroad, .... 2,346 00 
Stock of Eastern Railroad in New Hampshire; 900 00 
Stock of St. Johns Bridge and Railway Exten- 
sion Company, . • . . . . 684 00 
Stock of Portsmouth & Dover Railroad, . . 390 00 



Total Stocks, 

Real estate at Nashua, N. H., .... $216,19766 

Land at Doyer, N. H. , 8,883 69 

Land at Old Orchard, Me 7,648 62 

Land at Portland, Me., 17,667 60 

Land at Saco and Blddeford. Me 20,000 00 

Land at Wakefield, Mass., .... 3,300 00 

Land at Chelmsford, Mass., .... 1,600 00 

Land at Lowell, Mass., 4,800 00 

Land at Newburyport, Mass., .... 2,76000 

Land at Bar Harbor, Me., .... 45,10437 

Land at Manchester, Mass., .... 3,716 00 

Land at East Boston, Mass., .... 20,626 00 

Land at SomerviUe, Mass., .... 299,377 90 

Land at Lynn, Mass., 64,227 68 

Land at Charlestown, Mass., .... 88,46706 

Land at Melrose Highlands, Mass., . . . 6,000 00 

Land at Northampton, Mass., .... 62,46200 



$32,269,161 21 
4,683,149 91 



707,464 96 



6,160,672 27 



44 



RAILROAD RETURNS. 



[Jan. 



Land at Beverly, Mass., . 
Land at Revere, Mass., 
Land at Portsmouth, N. H*, 
Land at Rlchford and Troy, Vt., 
Land at Marlboroagh, N. H., . 
Land at Peabody, Mass., . 



Other permanent property : 
Steamer ** Mt. Washington " and wharves, 
Richford freight elevator, 



Total Permanent Invbstmbnts, . 

Cash, 

Bills receivable, 

Dne from agents, 

Dae from solvent companies and indivldaals, 
Sinking and other special fnnds, 

Total Cash and Currsnt Assets, 
Materials and supplies, . • . . 
Other assets and property : 
Elimination grade crossings in process. 
Central Massachusetts construction, etc.. 

Total Miscellaneous Assets, 



Total, 



$17,898 00 

7,850 00 

480 00 

1,000 00 

65 00 

600 00 



978,455 82 
52,261 48 



91,668,516 10 

1,288,718 87 

893,295 78 

2,098,246 01 

629,708 88 



$2,280,284 48 

182,987 56 
788,578 80 



$888,544 27 



125,716 75 



$48,784,709 36 



6,523.485 54 



LlABILITIBS. 

Capital stock, common : 
Boston & Maine, . 
Boston & Maine scrip. 
Eastern Railroad scrip, 



Cr. 



$18,788,800 00 

816 72 

88 28 



Preferred, 



$18,789,200 00 
8,149,800 00 



Total CAPrrAL Stock, 



Funded debt, 

Real estate mortgages, 

Current liabilities : 



Audited vouchers and accounts, . 

Salaries and wages, 

Net traffic balances dne other companies. 
Dividends not called for, .... 
Matured interest coupons unpaid (including 
coupons due July 1), . . . . 
Rentals (including rentals due July 1), 
Miscellaneous current liabilities: subscrip- 
tions to new stock Concord & Montreal 
Railroad, 



{ 



$69,144 02 

1,162,898 28 

865,720 18 

888,886 05 

20.412 25 

146,896 00 
897,298 00 



1,128.871 48 



8,146,845 34 



$58,405,040 24 



$21,889,000 00 



21,565,780 21 
597,800 00 



Total Curbent LuBtLrnES, 

Accrued liabilities : 
Interest accrued and not yet due, 
Taxes accrued and not yet due. 
Rentals accrued and not yet due, 

Total Accrued Liabilities, 



$291,820 78 
427,682 19 
178,000 64 



4,174,621 16 



897,508 56 



1897.] 



BOSTON & MAINE. 



45 



Sinking and other special fhnds : 

Sundry lease accoants, 91,189,396 97 

Suspense account, 684,071 97 

Sinking fund, redemption Boston & Maine 

Railroad bonds, 628,264 76 

Sinking fund, redemption Eastern Railroad 

bonds 1,444 07 

Injury ftind, 160,000 00 

ToTAi. Sinking and other Spbcial Funds, . 

Profit and Loss -balance (surplus), 

Total, 



\ 



Property Accounts. 

Additions to construction account : 

Grading and masonry, 

Bridging, 

Superstructure, including rails, 

Lands, land damages and fences, . 

Passenger and freight stations, woodsheds 
and water stations, 

Engineering, salaries and other expenses dur- 
ing construction, 

Elimination of grade crossings, . 



968,776 81 
12,260 63 
26,101 12 
24,669 02 

14,169 48 

1,996 92 
269,663 67 



Total Additions to Construction Account, 



Other expenditures charged to property accounts 

Bonds of St. Johnsbury and Lake Champlain 
Railroad, 

Bonds of Central Massachusetts Railroad, 

One share of the capital stock of the New- 
bury port Railroad, . 

Somerville marsh land, . 

Real estate at Nashua, N. H., 

Land at Charlestown, Mass., 

Land at Northampton, Mass., 

Land at Beverly, Mass., 

Land at Rlchford and Troy, Yt., 

Land at Peabody, Mass., 

Land at Manchester, Mass., . 

Land at Marlboro', N. H. , 



$184,000 00 
100,000 00 

3 00 

67,922 80 

96,417 40 

40,149 60 

88,462 00 

18,878 00 

1,000 00 

600 00 

66 00 

66 00 



Total Additions to Property Accounts, . 

Deductions from property accounts : property 
sold or reduced in valuation and credited 
to property accounts : 

Land at Maiden sold, $2,801 44 

Land transferred to construction accounts of 

leased roads, 28,797 12 



Total Deductions from Property Accounts, . 
Net Addition to Property Accounts for the Year, 



$2,608,177 77 
1,677,167 64 



$68,406,040 24 



$412,606 46 



682,662 30 



$946,068 76 



81,098 66 



$913,960 19 



46 



RAILROAD RETURNS. 



[Jan. 



Sinking Funds. 

Amount, June 80, 1895, of sinklDg fund for redemption of i 
Boston & Maine Railroad improvement bonds, . . ' 

Amount, June 80, 1895, of Eastern Railroad Company sink- 
ing fund, 

Total Sinking Funds Junb 80, 1895, .... 



Additions during year to Boston ft Maine Rail- 
road improvement bonds sinking fund, . 

Additions during year to Eastern Railroad 
Company sinking fund, .... 



$78,740 27 
111,168 80 



Total, moLUDiNa Additions, 



Deductions during year from Eastern Railroad Company sink- 
ing fund, 

Total Sinking Funds Junb 80, 1896, .... 



Injury Fund. 

Amount of injury flind June 80, 1895, 
Additions during year, .... 

Total, including Additions, 

Deductions during year, .... 

Total Injury Fund Junb 80, 1896, 



Capttal Stock. 

Capital stock authorized by law, common, . $19,097,800 00 
Capital stock authorized by law, preferred, . 8,149,800 00 

Total amount authorized by law, . . $22,247,600 00 

Capital stock authorized by votes of company, 

common, 18,754,200 00 

Capital stock authorized by votes of company, 

preferred, 8,149,800 00 



.$21,904,000 00 



Total amount authorized by vote, . 

Capital stock issued and outstanding, common. 

Capital stock issued and outstanding, preferred. 

Total capital stock outstanding, 

Amount paid In on Eastern Railroad stock to be exchanged 

for Boston & Maine Railroad, common, 
Scrip convertible Into stock, 



$554,624 49 

1.924 35 

$556,448 84 



184,909 07 



$741,857 91 
111,649 08 



$629,708 83 



$150,000 00 
274,817 79 

$424,817 79 

274,817 79 



$150,000 00 



$18,788,800 00 
8,149,800 00 



$21,888,100 00 

88 2S 
816 72 



Total CAprrAL Stock Liability, i $21,889,000 00 



1897.] 



BOSTON & MAINE. 



47 



Number of shares issaed and oat- 
standing, common, . . 187,888 
Number of shares issued and out- 
standing, preferred, . 31,498 

Total number of shares outstanding, 

Number of stockholders, common, . 5,721 
Number of stockholders, preferred, . 571 

Total number of stockholders, . . 

Number of stockholders in Massa- 
chusetts, common, . . . 8,584 
Number of stockholders in Massa- 
chusetts, preferred, . 448 

Total stockholders in Massachusetts, 

Amount of stock held in Massachusetts, com- 
mon, 



218,881 
6,292 



Amount of stock held in Massachusetts, pre- 
ferred, 

Total stock held in Massachusetts, . 



3,977 
$10,922^00 00 
2,747,600 00 



. $18,669,900 00 



Real Estate Mortgages. 



DlSORXPnON 07 Pbopbbtt 
MORTOAOID. 


Rate of 
Interest. 


Mortgage 
whenDne. 


Amount. 


Interest Paid 
during Year. 


Land In ObarlMtown, .... 
Land in BmI Cambridge, . 


Per Gent. 

4 




Bept 1, 1906, 
Jan. 37, 1800, 


$£04,800 00 
8,000 00 


$S2,742 00 
112 06 


Totals, 


$597,800 00 


$22,854 05 









Funded Debt. 



Descbiption 07 Beoubitibs. 



Rate of 
Interest. 



Date of 
Maturity. 



Amount 
Onutandlng. 



Interest Paid 
during Year. 



Boston 8c Maine Railroad bonds, 
Boston & Maine Railroad bonds, 
Boston & Maine Railroad improve 

roent bonds, .... 
Boston 8t Maine Railroad improve 

meot bonds, .... 
Boston & Maine Railroad Improve 

mcnt bonds, .... 
Eastern Railroad oertlfleates of in 

debtedneas, United Statee gold. 
Eastern Railroad certlficatec of in 

debtednees, •terling (£820,000), 
Portumouth, Great Falls ft Oonway 

Railroiid bonds, 
Portsraouth, Great Falls & Conway 

Railroad bonds (6 per cent), . 

Totals, ..... 



Per Cent. 

4 
4 
4 
4 

6 



Jan. 
Aug. 

Feb. 

Feb. 

Feb. 

Sept. 

Sept. 

June 

Dec. 



1.1M4, 
1, 1942, 

2,1905, 

1. 1907, 

1, 1987, 

1,190^ 

1,1906, 

1, 1987. 

1,1892, 



$6,000,000 00 
2,600,000 00 

1,000,000 00 

600,000 00 

1,919,000 00 

7,069,500 21 

1,567,280 00 

998,000 00 

2,000 00 



$21,566,780 21 



$270,067 60 
100,600 00 

40,000 00 

20,000 00 

76,760 00 

480,125 00 

03,486 80 

44,617 50 



$1,075,506 80 



48 



RAILROAD RETURNS. 



[Jan. 



VoLua« OF Traffic, etc. 



Passenger traffic : 

Number of passengers carried paying re\renQe, . 

Number of passengers carried one mile, .... 

Number of passengers carried one mile per mile of road 
operated, 

Average length of journey per passenger, .... 

Average amount received from each passenger, . 

Average amount received per passenger per mile carried, . 

Passenger earnings per mile of road operated, . 

Passenger earnings per passenger-train mile run, 
Freight traffic : 

Number of tons of freight hauled earning revenue. 

Number of tons of freight hauled one mile, .... 

Number of tons of freight hauled one mile per mile of road 
operated, 

Average length of haul per ton, 

Average amount received for each ton of freight, 

Average amount received per ton per mile hauled. 

Freight earnings per mile of road operated, .... 

Freight earnings per freight-train mile run, .... 
Operating expenses : 

Operating expenses per mile of road operated, . 

Operating expenses per revenue-train mile run, . 
Train mileage : 

Miles run by passenger trains, 

Miles run by freight trains, 

Total mileage of trains earning revenue, .... 

Miles run by switching trains, 

Miles run by constructioji and other trains, .... 

Total train mileage, 

Fares and freights : 

Average rate of fare per mile on local tickets, • 

Average rate of fare per mile on commutation tickets within 
suburban circuit, 

Average rate of fare per mile on. commutation tickets out- 
side suburban circuit, 

Average rate of fare per mile on mileage tickets (500 miles, 
2i cents; 1,000 miles, 2 cents) 

Average rate of fare per mile on season tickets, . 

Average rate of fare per mile on joint tickets. 

Average rate of ft'eight per ton mile on local way-bill, 

Average rate of freight per ton mile on joint way-bill. 
Passengers to and from Boston : 

Number of passengers (including season-ticket) to Bos- 

vOU, ...a..* ..•• 

Number of passengers (including season-ticket) from Bos- 
ton, 

Season-ticket passengers to and Arom Boston, 
Employees : 
Average number of persons employed, 



35,132,992 
607.608,954 

295,67S 

14.450 miles. 

25.900 cents. 

1.793 cents. 

85,893 06 

1 24.697 

10,247.029 
676,082,534 

393,813 

65.978 miles. 

31 00.938 

1.530 cents. 

06,039 28 

1 88.835 

$8,450 19 
1 06.639 

8,113,257 
5,490,492 

13,603,749 

3,237,963 

570.172 

17,411.884 

1.786 cents. 
1 to 2 •' 



2to2i 



2.125 

.673 

1.834 

2.404 

.994 



i( 



n 



t* 



10.727,326 



10.733,672 
1.682.620 

15.124 



DbSCRIPTION of RiLILBOAD. 



(See tabulated description in preceding appendix to report.) 



1897.] 



BOSTON & MAINE. 



49 



DascRipnoM OF EQUiPuntirr. 



RoLLins Btook. 



1 

o 

9 

.O 

a 





a 
m 

a 

I? 



o-o 



'% 


• 

2 


4> 


M 


E 






a 


s 


a 


? 


^ 


-<< 



Locovomrxs. 
Paaeeoger, .... 

Freight, 

Switching, ete., . 



Total, 



1 


174 


360 




76 


95 


170 


— 


63 


72 


186 


- 


824 


341 


666 


347 



Tons. 



62 



Tons. 



41 



KoLLiMG Stock. 







■o 


.a a 


M o. 


• 

1 

o 

1 


km 


1 Owned an 
ised. 


quipped wit 
Power Trai 
Brake. 


Is 

•a 


a 




a 




35 




^ 


!Z5 


F^ 


H 


» 



Cars — Passenoeb Siryice 

Passenger ears, 

Combination cars, . 

Parlor cars, .... 

Baggage, express and mail 
ears, 

Total, . . . . 
Cars — Frbioht Siryioe. 



Box cars'. 



Flat oars. 



Stock can, . 

Coal cars, .... 

Logging trucks. 
Refrigerator oars, . 
Other cars in freight service, 

Total, 

Cars— CovPAHT'a Skryicb 

Officers' and pay oars, . 

Derrick cars, ... 
Caboose cars, ... 
Other oars in company's ser 
Ylee, .... 



Total, 
Snow ploughs, . 



499 

75 

120 



694 



2,066 



1,663 



68 
681 

80 
4 



4,617 



60 
168 

182 



348 
38 



Name of Coupler. 



800* 

108 
10 

86* 



603 



2,683 



2,997 



799 

183 
10 

906 



790 

183 
10 

206 



1,197 ' 1,197 



6 

794 

188 

10 

197 



4,739 



1,767 



1,184 
9 



2,541 < 



4,680 I n,161 , l.Ml'^ 

I I 



943 
63 



6,706 



96 
20 



116 
27 



63 

1,624 

83 
30 

4 



18 
287 

80 



21 
310 

30 




National. 

Miner. 

Miller. 

Miller. 

Gould. 

Miller. 

National. 

Gould. 
Miller. 
National. 



2,206 Gould. 166 Tro- 
jan, 41 Thurmond, 
22 Burns, 14 Na. 
tional, 66 Janney, 
26 Drexel,2 Norton. 

1,427 Gould, 167 Tro- 
Ian, 22 Janney, 8 
Thurmond, 10 
Burns, 5 Dowllng, 
6 National. 2 Rich- 
ardson,! Hitchcock, 
2 Norton, 1 Tower. 

20 Gould, 1 Trojan. 

306 Gould, 4 Trojan, 
1 National. 

Gould. 



Miller. 

National. 

Gould. 

Gould. 

Miller. 

Gould. 



Number of 8-wheel cars in passenger service fltted with brakes for all 

wheels 1,197 



* Includes 10 passenger and 4 bafifgago cars, 30.50 per cent of which are owned by Boston Sc 
Lowell Railroad ; 87.88 per cent by Concord & Montreal Railroad; and 81.67 per cent by Canadian 
Pacific Railway. 



60 



RAILROAD RETURNS. 



[Jan, 



Railroad Crossings in Massachusetts. 



CBOaSINOS WITH BlOHWATS. 



Lines 
Owned. 



Lines 
Leased. 



Total. 



Nnmber of crossings of company's railroad by high- 

ways at grade 

Number of croMings of compa>>y's railroad by blgh- 

wavs above railroad (public, 165; private, 19), . 
Number of crossings of company's rallroaid by high- 

wavB under railroad. 

Number of highway crossings at grade protected by 

gates 

Number of highway crossings at grade protected by 

flagmen, . . . • . 

Number of highway erosaings at grade protected by 

electric signals only, ...... 

Number of highway crossings at grade unprotected. . 
Number of highway grade crossings finally abollahed 

during the yeir, . . 

Number of highway grade crossings now in process of 

abolition . . . 

Number of highway grade crossings for abolition of 

which petition is now ix'ndlng, 

Number of highway bridges 18 feet (or more) above 

track, 

Number of highway bridges less than 18 feet above 

«i BOB f*««« •■•■■ 

Height of lowest highway bridge above track (New- 
buryport City freight tracks, 18 feet 7^ inches), 




OnosBiiies with Otbbb Railroads. 



Crossings of company's railroad with other railroads at grade 
(21 in nnmber), viz. : 
Boston, Eastern Division and FItchbarg Railroad. Bos- 
ton, Eastern Division and Grand Junction Railroad. 
Boston, Eastern Division and Mystic Branch, Southern 
Division. Boston, Western Division and Fitchbnrg 
Railroad. Boston, Western Division and Grand Junc- 
tion Railroad. Boston, Western Division and Mystic 
Branch, Southern Division. Boston, Mystic Branch, 
Southern Division and Grand Junction Railroad. Bos- 
ton, Charlestown Branch, Eastern Division and Grand 
Junction Railroad. Boston, Charlestown Branch, East- 
em Division and Mystic Branch, Southern Division. 
East Boston, East Boston Branch, Eastern Division and 
Grand Junction Railroad. Danvers, Lawrence Branch, 
Eastern Division and Newbury port Branch, Western 
Division. Lawrence, Western Division and Lowell and 
Lawrence, Southern Divlnlon Salem, Eastern Division 
and Phillips Wharf track. Wilmington, Western Divi- 
sion and Salem &, Lowell, Southern Division. West 
Peabody, Danvers Branch, Western Division and Salem 
& Lowell, Southern Division. Ayer, W., N. & P. Divi- 
sion and Fitchburg Railroad. Ayer, W., N. & P. 
Division and Peterborough & Shirley. Barbers, W., 
N. & P. Division and Fitchburg Railroad. Oakdale, 
W., N. & P. Division and Central Massachusetts Rail- 
road. Clinton, W., N. & P. Division and Old Colony 
Railroad. Sudbury, Central Massachusetts and Old 
Colony Railroad. 

Number of above crossings at which interlocking signals are 
established, 

Number of crossings over other railroads, .... 

Number of crossings under other railroads, .... 



12 

U 

3 



1897.] 



BOSTON & MAINE. 



51 



Kkv Bridoes Built dubino thb Tsar. 

Eastern Diyibzon. 



^Number and 
Location. 



Descrintion of 1 De«.rigtion of | ^Z'SVul^S?'" 
Bridge Replaced. New Bridge. | ofTrackiu 



By whom Built. 



13, Lynn, . 
123A,Swampscott, 
178, Manchester, 
178a, Manchester, 
178b, Manchester, 
178c, Manchester, 



Pile trestle. 

New street 

opened. 
Pile and Jack- 

knife draw. 
Farm grade 

crossing. 
Grade crossing. 

Farm crossing. 



Pile trestle. 

Plate girder. 

Plate girder 

draw. 
Rolled beams. 

Plate girder. 

Stone arch. 



285 feet 6 inches, 1 

track. 
41 feet 1 inch. 2 

tracks. 
92 feet, 2 tracks. 

16 feet, 2 tracks. 

40 feet, 2 tracks. 

10 feet, 2 tracks. 



Boston & Maine 

Railroad. 
Oof rode Sc Baylor. 

Boston Bridge 

Works. 

Edge Moor Bridge 
Works. 

Phosnlz Bridge 

Works. 

Ellis Si Buswell. 



Western Division. 



1, Cambridge, 
9, Melrose, 
192, Groveland, 
2D3i, Lowell, 
218, Lawrence, 



Pile structure. 
Rolled beams. 
Frame trestle. 
Grade crossing. 
Rolled beams. 



Pile bridge. 
Rolled beams. 
Frame trestle. 
Plate girder. 
Plate girder. 



Side tracks. 
10 feet, 4 tracks. 

44 feet 8 inches, 1 

track. 
46 feet 6 Inches, 2 

tracks. 
56 feet 11 Inches, 2 

tracks. 



Boston ft 

Railroad. 
Boston & 

Railroad. 
Boston & 

Railroad. 
Edge Moor 

Works. • 
Edge Moor 

Works. 



Maine 

Maine 

Maine 

Bridge 

Bridge 



Southern Ditision. 



56, Lowell, 

57, Lowell, 

58, Lowell, . 
65, Chelmsford, 

268, BelchertowD, 
359, Wilmington, 



Wood stringer. 
Wood stringer. 
Wood stringer. 
Wood stringer. 
Grade crossing. 
Wood stringer. 



Wood stringer. 
Wood stringer. 
Wood stringer. 
Plate girders. 
Plate girders. 
Plate girders. 



22 feet 6 inches, 2 

tracks. 
16 feet 6 Inches, S 

tracks. 
11 feet 5 inches, 2 

tracks. 
18 feet, 2 tracks. 

21 feet 1 inch, 1 

track. 
18 feet, 1 track. 



Boston k Maine 

Railroad. 
Boston ft Maine 

Railroad. 
Boston & Maine 

Railroad. 
Boston ft Maine 

Railroad. 
New Jersey Steel 

and Iron Go. 
Berlin Bridge 

Works. 



CONNEOTXOUT RiVEB DIVISION. 



^5, Northiield, . 



Wood stringer. 



Rolled beams. 



10 feet, 1 track. 



Boston ft Maine 
Railroad. 



Bridges Extensively Repaired or Strengthened during the Tear. 



Number and 
Location. 


Description of 
Bridge. 


Description of Work Done. 


4, Everett, . 

5, Everett, . 
9, Revere, . 

45, Newbury port, 
206, Lowell, . 
9 iron bridges on 

Central Mass. viz. : 


Pile trestle. 

Pile trestle. 
Pile trestle. 
Drawbridge. 
Pile trestle. 

. . . • 


New rods and piles; one truss and new ties, one 

track. 
New ties, both tracks. 

Raised to new grade. Stringers strengthened. 
!.«eveled on centre pier. 
Top renewed and another track added. 

Nos. 208, 205, 206, 216, 242, 245, 259, 282, 383 have had 
ties renewed. 



52 



RAILROAD RETURNS. 



[Jan. 



Bridges Elimina.tbd during the Year. 



Eastern Division. 



Number and 
Location. 


Description of 
Bridge. 


Description of Work Done. 


10, Bwampaoott, . 


Rolled beams. 


Filled. 



Wkstsrn Diyision. 



160, Danvers, . 
107, Danvers, . 



Rolled beams. 
Wood stringer. 



Filled. 
Filled. 



Southern Division. 



02, Lowell, 
08, Lowell, 



Wood stringer. 
Wood stringer. 



Stone box calvert. 
Filled. 



Total length of pile and trestle bridging, 



17,169 ft. 6 in. 



Miscellaneous. 

Total length of railroad line operated by the company, . 
Total length of railroad line operated in Massachusetts, 
Total length of railroad track (computed as single track) 

operated by the company, 

Total length of railroad track (computed as single track) 

operated in Massachusetts, 

Length of additional steel-rail track laid during the year on 

lines owned, 

Total length of track now laid with steel rails on same, . 
Length of additional steel-rail track laid during the year on 

lines operated under lease or contract, . 
Total length of track now laid with steel rails on same, . 



1,716.76 miles 
646.43 



2,877.10 
1,176.66 



14.26 
647. IS 



«• 



t( 






656.86* •* 
1,848.00 •* 



Accidents to Persons. 



KILLED 

and 

INJURED. 



In Massachttsbtts. 



FBOH CAUSBB BB- 

TOND THBIR 

OWN CONTROL 



FBOM THBIB OWN 

MISCONDUCT 
OB 0ABBLB8SNBB8. 



Killed. 



I- 



lojared. I Killed. Injured. Killed. Injured 



TOTAI.. 



Passengers, . i 
Employees, . 
Other persons, 
Total, . 



12 

12 

1 



26 



8 
16 
61 



25 
133 



80 



221 



8 

18 
61 



8T 

146 

64 



246 



Total on All 

Links 

Opbratbd. 



Killed. 


Injarwi. 


8 
31 
Tl 


48 

10« 


105 


S42 



* Tills includes 616.12 miles of steel on Concord & Montreal Railroad which was not riven In 
last year's return, as the Concord & Montreal Railroad was not then operated by the Boston Jt 
Maine Railroad. 



1897.] BOSTON & MAINE. 53 



Statement of Each Accidbxt is Massachusetts. 

July 1, 1895. — Worcester: J. F. Gillgan, brakeman, had two toes jammed 
coupling cars. 

July 1. — Chelsea: Herbert Taylor, trespasser, was struck and Instantly 
killed in attempting to board a moving freight train. 

July 2. — Revere : unknown man, supposed to have been struck and killed 
while walking on track, was found on pilot on arrival of train No. 102 at 
Boston. 

July 2. — Bradford : Wm. Foley, brakeman, had fingers jammed coupling cars. 

July 3. — North Reading : E. Craggy, brakeman, was struck by overhead 
bridge, while riding on top of Arelght car, and fatally Injured. 

July 9. — South Lawrence : H. B. Hutchinson, brakeman, had fingers 
jammed coupling cars. 

July 11. — Prospect Hill : A. P. Rollins, brakeman, had hand crushed coup- 
ling cars. 

July 12. — Marblehead : Richard Humphrey, employee, had thumb jammed 
coupling cars. 

July 13. — Worcester : J. Mahoney, employee, had left arm crushed un- 
coupling car from engine. 

July 13. — Rutland : F. H. Temple, brakeman, fell from top of car, Injuring 
head and arm. 

July 16. — Wobum : Mamie Cady and Martin Co3'ne, trespassers, went under 
crossing gate and were struck by train. Coyne was fatally Injured and Cady 
girl had leg and arm broken. 

July 17. — East Boston : E. O. Mumford, trespasser, stealing ride on Arelght 
train, fell under cars, and left foot was crushed and other fractured. 

July 18. — East Lynn: Lawrence Keohan, employee, fell In leaving train, 
injuring back of his head. 

July 20. — Reading Highlands : Samuel Livingston, trespasser, stealing ride 
on flreight train, fell under cars and had both legs and one arm taken ofT; 
died soon after accident. 

July 22. — Chlcopee : Robert Knightly was struck while driving over cross- 
ing and leg was broken. 

July 22. — West Lynn: Carl Peterson, trespasser, was struck by train and 
Instantly killed. 

July 22. — Belchertown: W. E. Wilson, brakeman, fell between cars. In- 
juring knee and left foot. 

July 23. — Swampscott: Richard Hichions, employee, walking on track, 
was struck by engine and head cut. 

July 25. — SomervlUe Junction: James McNickle (or McNicoU), Intoxi- 
cated passenger, either fell or Jumped from moving train, and was run over 
and killed. 

July 25. — Somerville: John Drew, section man, working on track, was 
struck and badly bruised about legs. 

July 26. — East Cambridge : F. H. Lathrop, trespasser, between cars, had 
foot jammed between draw-bars. 

July 26. — Springfield : F. Deno, brakeman, fell from car to ground, bruis- 
ing his side. 

July 27. ~ Salem : Bertha Barr, passenger, jumped off moving train and 
sprained her knee. 



54 RAILROAD RETURNS. [Jan. 

July 27. — East Cambridge: J. McKeniia, employee, jammed his foot be- 
tween draw-bars of engine and first car. 

July 27. — Middlesex Street, Lowell : Allen Howe, trespasser, stealing ride 
on cars, was ran over and toes of left foot crashed. 

July 29. — Wakefield Junction : T. Cronin, brakeman, in climbing from en- 
gine to top of car struck overhead bridge and bruised his head. 

July 80. — Lowell: James Corrigan, passenger, had arm out car window; 
it strack bill boards and was badly cut. 

July 31. — East Boston : Neil Jones, trespasser, in crossing under cars was 
strack and badly injured by same. 

July 81. — South Lawrence: Henry Ross, trespasser, stealing ride on 
freight train, was caught between car and post and head braised and arm 
broken. 

July 81. — East Boston: Neal J. Duncan, boy about ten years of acre, in 
attempting to cross track in front of moving freight cars was struck and 
badly injured about head. 

August 1. — Woburn Highlands; John Reed attempted to lK>ard moving 
passenger train, was ran over and fatally injured. 

August 7. — Rockport: body of unknown man found beside track; sup- 
posed to have been struck and killed by train. 

August 7. — Hudson : Chas. W. Knowlton, trespasser, attempting to board 
moving train, was thrown under cars and ankle of right foot crushed. 

August 8. — Wakefield Junction: Samuel Moore, trespasser, injured head 
while crawling l>eneath some freight cars on work train. 

August 8. — Newbury : John M. Thistle, employee, was thrown down be- 
tween cars by the sudden starting and stopping of train, receiving slight 
injuries to body, leg and arm. 

August 9. — Newburyport: Harry C. Dalton, fireman, was shaking grate 
when lever came off, throwing him against iron shelf on boiler ; his band was 
Injured and he received two cuts on head. 

August 9. — Lawrence : M. L. Hodge, brakeman, was badly injured about 
body and left arm jammed coupling cars. 

August 10. — Mystic Wharf: W. Foster, trespasser, was strack, thrown 
down and hand run over and crashed. 

August 10. — Lynn Common: Mr. and Mrs. Martin 0*Day found beside 
track; Mr. O'Oay had one foot crushed and was otherwise injured; Mrs. 
O'Day had one foot cut off Supposed to have been walking on track and 
struck by train. 

August 10. — Horn Pond track : Chas. Beattie, boy alK>ut fourteen years of 
age, was stealing ride on coal car, and when train slacked speed was thrown 
off and under cars ; flesh was torn off right leg from knee to ankle and left 
ankle bruised. 

August 11. — Forbes: E. H. Tabor, trespasser, found in ditch in dazed 
condition ; supposed to have been struck and thrown there by train. 

August 12. — Prospect Hill: Chas. Calloran attempted to board moving 
train, was thrown against switch stand and injured about body and knee. 

August 12. — Woburn: Geo. F. French, conductor, fell through hole in 
coal trestle and sprained his leg. 

August 12. — Holyoke: Frank Williams, brakeman, pulling pin, caught and 
crushed his thumb between pin and dead-wood. 

Augtist 18. — North Somerville: E. F. Shepherd, brakeman, was Injured 
about body while coupling cars. 



1897.] BOSTON & MAINE. 55 

August 14. — Peabody: Thos. HolloraD, trespasser, sitting on track, was 
struck by locomotive of train No. 874 and received a bad cut in head and bad 
one leg broken. 

August 14. — Wilmington : unknown man, stealing ride on top of passenger 
car, struck overhead bridge and was instantly killed. 

August 15. — North Somerville : W. H. McCloud, attempting to cross track, 
was struck and injured about shoulder and back of head. 

August 15. — Lowell Bleachery: Frederick B. Balmforth, trespasser, was 
found beside track fatally injured ; supposed to have been walking on track 
and to have been struck by train. 

August 16. — Stoneham: H. B. Alexander, baggage master, had finger 
jammed coupling cars. 

Attgust 16. — Park Street, Medford: John W. Whittle, passenger, stepped 
oflT train after it had started and was thrown off station platform, receiving 
cut over the left eye. 

August 16. — Groton : unknown man, trespasser, was struck by train and 
fatally injured. 

August 16 — Glenwood : G. Gearing caught and injured his hand In door jamb. 

August 16. — Andover: unknown man, trespasser, on track, was struck 
and fatally injured by train. 

August 19. — Springfield: E. L. Bickford, brakeman, jammed finger coup- 
ling cars. 

Atigust 20. — College Hill : C. H. Richardson, brakeman, jumping from one 
car to another, fell between them and was fatally injured. 

August 21. — Salem: Isadore St. Pierre, trespasser, on track, was struck 
by train and instantly killed. 

August 21. — Wakefield: Elisha Knightly jumped from station platform 
directly in front of train and was instantly killed. 

August 21. — Northampton: J. Kneeland, trespasser, on track, was struck 
by train and fatally injured. 

August 22. — Wobum: John Walsh, driving over Winn Street crossing, 
was struck by train and instantly killed. 

August 22. — Montserrat: Roderick McKenna, trespasser, on track, was 
struck by train and fatally injured. 

August 24. — North Somerville: John Stevenson, brakeman, jammed finger 
coupling cars. 

August 26. — Salem: Stephen Hyde, trespasser, on track, was struck and 
killed by train. 

August 27. — East Cambridge : C. H. Gray, brakeman, fell from top of 
saloon to ground, injuring his bead and wrist. 

August 28. — Charlestown : L. S. Grant, brakeman, injured his head while 
coupling cars. 

August 29. — Somerville: H. Johnson, brakeman, riding on top of car, 
struck his head against Mystic draw tower, slightly cutting head. 

August 80. — Edgeworth: D. J. Sullivan, trespasser, caught foot between 
draw-bars when climbing between two cars. 

August 81. — Holyoke: C. H. Cornish, brakeman, jammed two fingers coup- 
ling cars. 

August 81. — Clinton: Thos. Ferguson,- trespasser, jumping on and off 
train, was run over and instantly killed. 

S^tember 1. — Worcester : J. J. Bums, employee, was struck by Fltchburg 
passenger train and internally injured. 



56 RAILROAD RETURNS. [Jan. 

September 2. — South Lawrence : M. McDonoagb, employee, jammed haod 
oncoupllng cars. 

September 2. — Bleachery : Jas. Bennett, employee, jammed two fingers 
coupling cars. 

S^tember 8. — Berlin: Unknown man, trespasser, lying on track, was ran 
over and instantly killed. 

September 5. — Lynn : J. H. Stobart, brakeman, riding on top of car, struck 
overhead bridge and was Instantly killed. 

September 5. — Mystic Junction : unknown man, trespasser, walking on 
track, was run over and instantly killed. 

September 8. — Bradford : Patrick Klttredge, passenger, jumped off moving 
train, fell and cut head badly. 

September 9. — Weston : Edward Quirk, a boy trespasser, walking on bridge, 
was struck by train, thrown off .bridge and fatally injured. 

September 9. — Boston yard : Wm. Denahy, employee, had head slightly in- 
jured coupling cars. 

September 12. — Salem : Timothy McCarthy, laborer, in employ of nUlroad, 
fell or walked out of baggage-car door, and was run over and instantly killed. 

September 14. — Lowell: Samuel D. Whittier, employee, attempting to 
board freight car, fell between cars, was run over and fatally injured. 

September 14. — Ballardvale : Peter O'Nell, passenger, attempting to board 
moving train, was run over and leg cut off below the knee. 

September 16. — Springfield : P. Fitzgerald, brakeman, fell from top of 
caboose car to ground, injuring his head and leg. 

September 16. — Lowell: Geo. R. Perkins, employee, caught and bruised 
two fingers while coupling cars. 

September 21. — Bleachery: Herbert Evans, trespasser, on bridge, was 
struck by train and thrown on rocks below and badly bruised. 

September 22. — Reading : Mrs. Maggie Malone, trespasser, on track, was 
struck by train and internally injured. 

September 23. — Prospect Hill : W. Gall, brakeman, was squeezed through 
body coupling cars. 

September 24. — Springfield : Wm. Hunt, brakeman, had thumb jammed 
coupling cars. 

September 25. — Chlcopee : P. Farley, M. Craig and M. McCann, trespassers, 
on track, were struck by train and instantly killed. 

September 25. — L3mn : Thos. Dunn went under gate, attempted to cross in 
front of moving train and was struck and fatally Injured. 

September 80. — Lynn : Qeeo. H. Wallace, trespasser, stepped In flront of 
train and was struck and instantly killed. 

September 80. — Haverhill : H. F. Moriarty, brakeman, had left hand 
crushed between dead-woods coupling cars. 

September 30. — Boston : C. Harris, brakeman, had finger slightly jammed 
coupling cars. 

September SO. — Willimansett : Unknown man, trespasser, on track, was 
struck by train and fatally injured. 

October 1. — South Lawrence : Michael Flanigan, trespasser, climbing be- 
tween cars, fell and was run over and left hand crushed. 

October 1. — Holyoke : Joseph Gallpeau, brakeman, riding on top of car, 
fell off and was fatally Injured. 

October 8. — Lynn : C. Connelly, trespasser, stealing a ride, fell under train 
and was run over and fatally injured. 



1897.] BOSTON & MAINE. 57 

October 3. — Lawrence : Alden Dube, brakeman, had right foot slightly 
jammed in derailment. 

October 3. — SomerviUe : Triffley La Pearl, standing too near track » was 
struck by train and somewhat injured. 

October 4. — Cbarlestown: Geo. A. Bumham, brakeman, had arm crushed 
coupling cars. 

October 5. — Wobum Highlands : Thos. Kearney, trespasser, on track, was 
struck by train and instantly killed. 

October 5. — Wyoming : Walter Elms, trespasser, stepped in front of train 
and was struck and fatally injured. 

October 5. — Lynn : Mrs. Henry Wilson, passenger, fell in leaving train and 
was somewhat Injured. 

October 6. — Salem : unknown man, trespasser, on track, was struck and 
killed by train. 

October 8. — Lake Street: Mrs. A. W. Smith, passenger, jumped off train 
after it started, fell on station platform and injured her hip. 

October 10. — South Lawrence : Frank D. Speller, employee, jumped from 
engine, was struck by train coming In opposite direction and instantly killed. 

October 10. — Cbarlestown: Joseph Boyd, brakeman, had finger jammed 
coupling cars. 

October 10. — Prospect Hill : J.B.Brown, brakeman, getting down from 
top of car, was squeezed and somewhat Injnred. 

October 12. — Maiden: £. Kinsman, trespasser, on track, was struck by 
train and killed. 

October 14. — Salem : unknown man found dead beside track; supposed to 
have been struck and killed while walking on track. 

October 14. — Pepperell : T. J. Malley, baggage master, jumped from mov- 
ing train, breaking ligaments above knee. 

October 16. — Chelsea : Thos. Watts, trespasser, on track, was struck and 
Instantly killed by train. 

October 17. — Salem : John Legassey, brakeman, had hand jammed coup- 
ling cars. 

October 17. — Peabody : Wm. TIgh drove into train as It was passing over 
Caller Street crossing, was thrown from wagon and Injured about head, legs 
and arms. 

October 18. — Lawrence: L. D. Blckford, brakeman, riding on cars, struck 
overhead bridge, injuring his head. 

October 20. — Cbarlestown: Frank M. Cole, brakeman, had finger jammed 
coupling cars. 

October 21. — Boston : Joseph Prete, trespasser, on track, was struck by 
train and thrown Into the water and drowned. 

October 22. — Winter Hill: W. Banyea, brakeman, walking over train, fell 
between cars, was run over and left foot badly crushed. 

October 22. — Lowell : Chas. Hubbard, brakeman, attempting to make 
coupling, fell under train and his left foot was run over and crushed. 

October 22. — Lynn : Thos. Wilson, brakeman, fell Arom top of car and was 
somewhat bruised. 

October 24. — Salem : Peter Bassey, employee, was thrown from dump car, 
run over and Instantly killed ; train was switched up against car In which he 
was working. 

October 24. — Boston : John Johnson, car inspector, at work between cars 
putting knuckles in draw-bar, was caught and fatally Injured. 



58 RAILROAD RETURNS. [Jan. 

October 24. — Charlestown: £. CIo8sod, hrakeman, getting down between 
engine and tender, was caught and foot badly jammed. 

October 29. — Swaropscott: Fred Mlllett (or WlUett), trespasser, on tracks 
was struck by train and fatally injured. 

October 29. — Worcester : H. A. Crowley, brakeman, getting from top of car 
to ground, fell, bruising back and side. 

October 29. — Prospect Hill : L. T. Cheever, brakeman, coupling engine to 
caboose, had little finger crushed. 

October 80. — South Lawrence : Thos. C. Murray, brakeman, was some- 
what injured In derailment at South Lawrence. 

October 31. — Greenfield: F. H. Bellows, brakeman, making coupling, had 
two fingers caught and badly jammed. 

November 1. — East Boston : John £. Waldron, brakeman, had finger 
jammed coupling cars. 

November 2. — Edgeworth : Fred Tibbetts, engineer, had back injured In 
collision. 

November 2. — Edgeworth : C. A. Parker, employee ; Levi Pollard, em- 
ployee; Walter Thayer, passenger; A. Blgelow, passenger; Manuel Peterson, 

passenger; Louis Moulton, passenger; Mrs. Crowe, passenger; Cobum, 

passenger; Bears, passenger, were slightly injured in collision at Edge- 
worth. 

November 2. — Edgeworth: John Flaherty, brakeman, riding on car, was 
thrown ofi" and instantly killed, on account of collision. 

November 3. — L>owell : A. B. £van£, brakeman, had finger crushed coup- 
ling cars. 

November i. — Haverhill: S. W. Goodland, brakeman, making coupling, 
was caught and body jammed. 

November 5. — Winchester: Michael Lanier, brakeman, had finger jammed 
coupling cars. 

November 7. — Lowell : Cornelius James, brakeman, walked oflT end of car 
and fell to ground, Injuring him quite badly. 

November 7, — Ayer: B. R. Palmer, brakeman, was somewhat jammed 
while making coupling. 

November 7. — Ipswich : Elsworth Walton, trespasser, jumping off moving 
train, fell and injured his head. 

November 8. — Greenfield: Henry Donovan, boy, playing about cars, was 
struck by engine and head cut. 

November 9. — Lowell : Wm. Sullivan, trespasser, attempted to cross track 
in front of train and was struck and badly injured about bead. 

November 9. — Chelsea: Geo. W. Goodwin, trespasser, stealing ride, was ' 
caught between draw-bars and foot crushed. 

November 9. — Chelsea ; Catherine Carney, passenger, stepped off moving 
train and injured her ankle. 

November 11. — Amesbury: Charles True, brakeman, had hand Jammed 
coupling cars. 

November 12. — Quinapoxet : Wm. Day and Lewis Robinson, driving across 
tracks, were struck by engine and somewhat injured. 

November 12. — Ware: M. F. Mulderick, brakeman, had fingers jammed 
coupling cars. 

November 13. — Amesbury: unknown man, trespasser, walking on track, 
was struck by engine and killed. 



1897.] BOSTON & MAINE. 59 

November 18. — East Cambridge: unknown man, trespasser, was found on 
track, somewhat Injured. 

November 18. — Salem: B. T. Pedrick, employee, had linger jammed while 
making coupling. 

November 18. — Chlcopee: Mrs. John Collins, passenger, jumped from 
moving train and fell on station platform, injuring wrist. 

November \9, — Charlestown : Seth T. Plnkham, brakeman, had hand 
crushed making coupling. 

November 21. — Charlestown: Chas. H. Hughes, brakeman, had hand 
crushed coupling cars. 

November 21. —Middlesex Street, Lowell: Martin Hansburg, employee, 
jumped from moving train, injuring his head and hand. 

November 23. — Winchester : Michael Farvey, employee, had hand crushed 
coupling cars. 

November 25. — Oakdale: Wm. Robinson, brakeman, had arm jammed 
coupling cars. 

November. 26. — Lowell: John Moran, employee, attempting to cross track 
in front of engine, was struck and badly Injured. 

November 26. — East Cambridge : P. Reagan, employee, unloading Areight, 
was thrown against side of car and back injured by a car striking the one in 
which he was at work. 

November 2S, — South Lawrence : Geo. E. Hayes, brakeman, had arm 
jammed coupling cars. 

November 27. — Middlesex Street, Lowell : Joseph Tremeau, employee, had 
linger jammed coupling cars. 

November 28. — Lynn: Fred A. Wilts, fireman, on tender shovelling coaU 
struck overhead bridge, injuring his head. 

November 28. — Gloucester : F. A. Hanley, passenger, leaned out too far 
from platform of car, was struck by switch stand and thrown off car, injur- 
ing his head. 

November 28. — WigginsvlUe : James Hagerty, trespasser, walking on 
track, fell against passing train and was somewhat injured. 

Notember 29. — East Cambridge : E.Thomas, brakeman, had finger jammed 
coupling cars. 

November BO. — South Lawrence: Dennis Marquis, brakeman, had hand 
badly jammed coupling cars. 

December 5. — Bemardston : C. Delong, brakeman, had finger crushed coup- 
ling cars. 

December 6. — Springfield: M. Barrett, brakeman, had thumb jammed 
coupling cars. 

December 7. — Holyoke: John Black, employee, had finger jammed coup- 
ling cars. 

December 9. — Holyoke : Andrew Dunn, brakeman, riding on side of car, 
was struck by passing train and knocked off and his side somewhat in- 
jured. 

December 10. — Greenfield: G. W. Hibbard, brakeman, had hand jammed 
coupling cars. 

December 11. — Salem: Harry M. Griffin, passenger, attempting to board 
moving train, was run over and both feet taken off. 

December 18. — Wakefield: body of Max S. Carleton found on Elm Street 
crossing ; supposed to have been killed by train. 



60 RAILROAD RETURNS. [Jan. 

December 14. — SomerTllie : Harris Coromorhts walked aroand gate and in 
attemptiQ^ to cross track was strnck by engine and his ankle injured. 

December 16. — East Cambridge : Harry Lingley, conductor, getting off en- 
gine, foot was caaglit and crashed between engine and tender. 

December 16. — Swampscott: Graves, trespasser, foand beside track 

with head badly cat ; supposed to have been walking on track and struck by 
train. 

December 16. — South Lawrence : Adelbert S. Patch, employee, had thumb 
and finger jammed coupling cars. 

December 17. — Winter Hill : E. Wescott, passenger, attempting to board 
moving train, foot was ran over and crushed. 

December 17- — Ward Hill : Kate Sheehan, passenger, stepped off moving 
train and fell on station platform, injuring her knee. 

December 18. — Boston: Geo. E. Walker, employee, attempting to cross 
track in front of engine, was struck and fatally injured. 

December 18. — Lincoln Square : John Prevost, brakeman, had hand jammed 
coupling cars. 

December 19. — South Lawrence : body of Geo. Bosson, trespasser, found 
on track. 

December 19. — Salem: Thos. Crane, trespasser, climbing between cars, 
was caught and had foot jammed. 

December 19. — West Lynn: Michael W. Moore, trespasser, weat under 
gate, and in attempting to cross track was struck by car and liad face and 
hand slightly cut. 

December 20, — Mystic Wharf: A. B. Thompson, brakeman, had hand 
Jammed coupling cars. 

December 21. — Beverly: Oliver Rundlett, trespasser, vralklng on track, 
was struck by engine and fatally injured. 

December 21. — Salem : H. C. True, employee, had thumb jammed coupling 
cars. 

December 24. — Holyoke : A. M. Burt, trespasser, climbing between freight 
cars on crossing, was caught and foot jammed. 

December 26. — Mystic Wharf: Fred Winchester, employee, had finger 
crushed coupling cars. 

December 80. — Lowell: A. E. Dodge, brakeman, had two fingers broken 
coupling cars. 

December 30. — Lawrence : Daniel Livingston, brakeman, had hand jammed 
coupling cars. 

December 81. — Bleachery: F. J. Qnlmby, brakeman, riding on freight car, 
fell off and injured his knee. 

January 1, 1896. — Stoneham: Mrs. J. Harrlgan, attempting to cross track 
at crossing, was struck by engine and her head and side injured. 

January 2. — Melrose Highlands : Elijah D. Baker went under gate, wis 
struck by train and instantly killed. 

January 8. — Lowell : Louis Goudette, employee, had hand jammed coup- 
ling cars. 

January 6. — Prospect Hill: Richard Mack, passenger, jumped off moving 
train nnd fell, breaking 1^. 

January 6. — Winchester : Mrs. Howard McDonald, passenger, Jumped off 
moving train and fell, bruising her face. 

January 8. — Andover: Edward D. Ross, brakeman, had finger jammed 
coupling cars. 



1897.] BOSTON & MAINE. 61 

January 8. — South Boylston: Henry St. John, employee, working on 
track, was struck by train and head cut. 

January 10. — Charlestown: Geo. £. Bnrnham, brakeman, crushed thumb 
coupling cars. 

January 12. — Chelsea: John A. Landln found beside track with legs 
broken and injured internally ; supposed to have been walking on track and 
struck by train. 

January 13. — Somerville : Samuel Johnson, trespasser, walking on track, 
was struck by engine and his arm broken. 

January 13. — Raddins : Bernard Murray stepped in front of engine and 
was struck and instantly killed. 

January 15. — Middlesex Street, Lowell: Geo. H. Tulley, brakeman, coup- 
ling cars, was thrown down when they came together and his leg run over 
and crushed. 

January 15. — South Lawrence : Arthur Qamreau, brakeman, hand slightly 
jammed coupling cars. 

January 18. — Ward Hill: Henry Ward, trespasser, found beside track 
fatally injured. 

January 20. — Mystic Wharf : W. E. Lynch, brakeman, had fingers crushed 
coupling cars. 

January 20. — Greenfield : Story Donaldson, trespasser, a minor, attempting 
to make coupling, had arm jammed. 

January 20. — Lynn Common : Miss Lizzie Ridlow, trespasser, walking on 
track, was struck by engine and seriously injured. 

January 28. — Chelsea : Benjamin Ruslnskl was struck by engine while 
driving across track and instantly killed. 

January 25. — Haverhill: Edward M. Clark, trespasser, walking on track, 
was struck by train and killed. 

January 25. — Greenfield: £. S. Ball, brakeman, had fingers crushed coup- 
ling cars. 

January 25. — Mystic Wharf : Jas. J. Kane, brakeman, making coupling, 
stepped into a hole and fell, injuring his hip and arm. 

January 26. — Clinton: Herbert E. Brown, passenger, getting off car, 
slipped and fell, injuring his back and legs. 

January 26. — Boston : Joseph Brady, trespasser, found beside track with 
leg cut off. 

January 27. — Northampton : Wm. D. Carroll, driving across track, was 
struck by engine and instantly killed. 

January 30. — East Somerville : Geo. H. Mitsman, brakeman, on car, struck 
head against coal brace and was knocked off car, run over and instantly killed. 

January 30. — Hamilton and Wenham : Wm. H. Connell, brakeman, getting 
down side of car, struck awning on station and was somewhat injured. 

January 30. — Haverhill : J. B. Bartlett, brakeman, had hand jammed coup- 
ling cars. 

January 80. — North Lawrence: Louis F. Doran, brakeman, had finger 
jammed coupling cars. 

January 31. — Wellington : Abbie M. Rood, trespasser, walking on track, 
was struck by train and injured about stomach and lower limbs. 

February 1. — Lowell : John Moran, brakeman, had finger jammed coupling 
cars. 

February 2. — East Somerville : F. Andrews, brakeman, jumped off moving 
engine and injured his knee. 



KAILSOAD RETUBXS. 



f Jan. 










JEsE «■ track is front of cars and 

sJiplied off engine and 

had arm jammed 

had lingers jammed 

J. McSTilie, passenger, jumped 
and his leg taken oC 

haaging np taU light. 



-T 



J-F. 






J.> 



F'^fi-t^ 11- — Ea!« S.>?5^ 

/"-■--^s-? :?- — Xjrui La 

F'''r*tr§ ;i. — Feij<- xi.k»> 
fell -i^>r wdeei» aaii w« 
/{'■"Axry X$. — L;»>xa S«9Xice: W. H. 



: W. H. Haaae7, em- 
; were somewhat 




emplofee, had thumb 
. jumped &om moTtng train, 

had flngeis 

attempting to board 

rWng on car, 

had body Jammed 

had linger 

had llngera jammed 

, coopling cars, had 



• gettfaig into cab, was 
todeatii. 

, attempting to board 



morin^ trauu had h3« fo^x 

Ft^rmmr§ 17. — BoMna: 
fell off. bnakiag his ie«:. 

Ff^'^irj 15.— fiKKtOuibnd^: C.H. 
coQpUngcars. 

/V^rMr9 15. — CharktfSova : Chaa. IT. 
jammed ecmptiag cars. 

/V^rMiir aa — HaTerhUl: X. C. Barka, 
coupUwr cars. 

F<g^r%^r$ 91.— Chailestova: A. M. ^nr, 
shoulder canghu ii^nring his coUar boae. 

FrbrtMTf at. — Somcnille : Joseph Askcr, 
causht berweea engine hoose aad 

/>Nn*«ry f4 Harerhil!: Geo. D. Baitlctt. 

moving engine, fell and had Angers cntshad. 

.VtmA 4. — Mjssic Wharf: Wm. Mahaa, drtrii^ 
h>* engine aad fmtallT injnrcd. 

March y —Pro sp ect Hill : K. Cooper, hrafceama, had linger jammed ooap- 
liug carsk 

March 7. — North Lawrence: W« W. Barrtdge, emplojee, sUghttj cot 
bond In deraUment. 

March 9. — Llnc\4n Square: H. 0. Ffint, brakeman, had finger jammed 
coupling car». 

March 10. — Northamplon : Jacob Clioate, brakeman, getting down side of 
car, fell, breaking his leg. 

Mittrh 11. — Lowell : Mar^ Bigler, I$aac Hunter and John Greow, passen- 
jrerM, were ullirhU.T Injnred in cv>]li>ion. 

March U. — Salem : James Knni», section man, working on track, stuped 
lit tVoiit of engine, was struck and hi$ bead cnt and anUe crushed. 



1897.] BOSTON & MAINE. 63 

March 12. — Melrose : Mrs. A. £. Lang, passenger, getting off train, fell, 
injuring her shoulder and arm. 

March 12. — Salem : George A. Wood, brakeman, had thnmb crushed 
coupling cars. 

March IS. — Bockport: Alex. Costerson and John Anderson, passengers, 
Jumped off moving train and were somewhat injured. 

March 14. — Mystic Wharf: J. C. McEachern, brakeman, had body Jammed 
•coupling cars. 

March 19. — East Cambridge : W. A. Landy, brakeman, had body jammed 
coupling cars. 

March 20. — Lowell: Mrs. Philip Labie, passenger, jumped from train after 
it started, and fell, injuring side and wrist. 

March 21. — Bleachery: Chas. Dolphin, brakeman, had fingers bruised 
•coupling cars. 

March 25. — Lynn Common: Theodore Flagg, employee, jumped from 
moving train, dislocating both knees. 

March 26. — Andover: unknown man, trespasser, found beside track with 
arm crushed and head cut; supposed to have been walking on track and 
struck by engine. 

March 27. — North BlUerica : Timothy Dwyer attempted to cross track in 
JRront of engine, was struck and thrown from wagon and head cut. 

March 27. — Wobnm: John B. Hoag, passenger, stepped off moving train 
and fell, bruising his face. 

March 31. — Somerville: Archibald S. Yale, boy four years old, had foot 
crushed by putting hand on moving train, which threw him under the wheels. 

April 2. — Greenfield: E. M. Kavanagh, brakeman, had arm jammed coup* 
ling cars. 

April 8. — North Andover : body of unknown woman found on track; sup- 
posed to have been killed by train. 

April 3. — Winchester : Geo. French, employee, letting off brake, was 
thrown Xtom car and somewhat injured. 

April 4. — Cambridge : M. Dapee, brakeman, had thumb crushed coupling 
-cars. 

April 7. — East Boston: Geo. Bishop, trespasser, riding on brake beam, 
fell under train and was Instantly killed. 

April 9. — Salem: M. Reagan, brakeman, riding on car, fell off, slightly 
injuring his back. 

April 12. — East Lexington : Rose McDonald, passenger, stepping from 
<:ar to station platform, fell, spraining her ankle. 

April 13. — Beverly: Chester Blake, passenger, intoxicated, jumped from 
moving train, injuring his head. 

April 14. — Lynn: John O'Brien, trespasser, went under gates and at- 
tempted to cross track, and was struck by engine and had leg broken and 
skull fractured. 

April 17. — Prospect Hill : J. D. Bennett, employee, coupling cars, leg was 
run over. 

April 18. — Salem : Frank Warren, trespasser, walking on track, was struck 
by engine and his leg and head cut. 

April 22. — Worcester : James Wllklns, employee, while making coupling, 
fell and was run over and instantly killed. 

April 22. — South Lancaster : James Kelley , trespasser, was on the track, 
-quarrelling with another man, and was struck by engine and head cut. 



<4 



SAHJBOAD KETUK2CS, 



Jii. 



JtffriL St. — Hxw^afsSl EL S. Smftte. 



of 



eoopiiiur 

Jtortt 2H. — SoueoL. FiCRidc Siawao. 

iRKk r}«*?wiMa caES^ v:i» rwr^ir. ami !j<«>c j; 

4pfTr 40. — I>«BinBr»p*>r: . iTaaPw Bfcriy. 7 
«Be:iL«. 5uL mil w«» pm 'i'r>*r aad ii» 

JFrf 4. — Mj^iCi: Wtarf- Tb«iiiBa» Cicr. 
f'>}c o««r n^ wa» rm ovi^r mi pam 4^ fxjc 



o.: \z 



-o rr:^*? 




Oft tn»T£. 



J^py 7. — Meiif 'X*i : Engrnff- Boc&sr. !>05' 
ge€ oiT ^<ES cmexae m^verl csv avi !ie feil, 
JTil? IL. — WnfidfeesGiB': lakmiwii 

JftDir l:. — CroiB^ Screes : Wm. Ca^iimng^ 
vfties vbeti tirote joii he f^ asaniac «ii2e af 

JKc^^ II- — Low^: Brroa Cai ■mii-jn •}& 
froai car. wIum w«£9B wa» scrvek bT 



cop •1/' CM 

!UC»9fcBlL 



ro-T> 



« •-. 



trace 



^nkf- 



JK49 II. — SiMeoi: Joaa«>. 



ipiojve. bad 



tlx kiOed. 



Jtvi I?> — Berere: G. IL Baraftam. >icaftji 
iMttd br:vi^. ir:;3riii2 ^is ^tfe and head. 
JftiY I2.>-Wakeii<f^: Alio. Erit:kaua cfttescd 

Jf-ij !«. — H*T*riiiI: lf?c7» E. Traftca. 
moving train, ttil, aad w:i^ nut ov«*r aa^i 

JIf jjp 17. — Xort2&im.pcoa - Z xi«:<i^ ZdioTeSv 
wa* 5<rttck ^J shiT-er and 'nscaa-'ir kilJcd. 

Jl^vey :fS — R«.>ckrort: ankat:w^ inaa. trss-c 
struck bv «fOd:iae aiKi :cs2aB(iij k'lltfd. 

M-A^ i:^. — CtLiries«covri : Jadw A. Hazl«ct. ^wakcataa. bad 
Uu)( cars. 

,V<*y i^O* — O^kvidL*: J->*«fci K.3^. swiCvaaiai:. bad 

H\\f $). — SaWm: NnfT <>f oskaowu saa feoad beside 
)mv« b«ea walklr^ <9« inck. 



a> take freui: 
injcr- 



«Mip»'JL2 



OTsr- 



left 



■ssoBpced to t>:ir) 
*am=:^ 



ci»'ir- 



1897.] BOSTON & MAINE. 65 

June 1.— North Chelmsford: T. S. Seeley, brakeman, walking on top of 
train, fell between cars, injoring his knee and hip. 

June 5. — Boston: M. Dalej, brakeman, setting brake, when dog slipped 
and he fell off car, slightly Injuring head and neck. 

June 6. — Marblehead : Edw. Plammer, trespasser, walking on track, was 
stmck by train and head injnred. 

June 6. — John Twohey, trespasser, lying on track, was run over and in- 
stantly killed. 

June 8. — Winter Hill : James Mitchell, trespasser, attempting to cross 
track in front of engine, was run over and instantly killed 

June 8. — Beverly: Chas. Carey found beside track with head cut; sup- 
posed to have been a passenger and fell from train. 

June 8. — Rockport: J. L. Brewster, passenger, was thrown against car 
window by engine striking against hunter post, and was somewhat shaken 
up. 

June 9. — Charlestown : Chas. H. Whitehead, employee, had fingers crushed 
coupling cars. 

June 11. — Hudson: E. C. Hamblett, station agent, walking beside train, 
tripped and fell and car passed over his hand, cutting it off. 

June 17. — Newburyport: Casslus Rayns, trespasser, found beside track 
intoxicated, with head and hand injured. 

June 26. — Prospect Hill : John Hartnett, brakeman, fell off car as train 
was slacking and was run over and fatally injured. 

June 28. — Holyoke: unknown man, trespasser, standing on track, was 
struck by engine and instantly killed. 

June 29. — Lowell : Michael Consontine, trespasser, riding on ft-eight train, 
fell off and was somewhat injured. 

June 30. — Oakdale: Alex. Auger, trespasser, walking on bridge, was 
seriously injured ; Annie Auger, trespasser, walking on bridge, was killed ; 
Eliza Auger, trespasser, walking on bridge, was killed; Jennie Lafavour, 
trespasser, walking on bridge, was seriously injured. 



Corporate Name and Address of the Company. 

BOSTON & MAINE RAILROAD, 
Boston, Mass. 

Names and Business Address of Principal Officers. 

Lucius Tuttle, President, Boston, Mass. T. A. Macklnnon, First Vice-PresU 
dent, Boston, Mass. W. F. Berry, Second Vice-President, Boston, Mass. 
Amos Blanchard, Treasurer, Boston, Mass. Wm. J. Hobbs, General Auditor, 
Boston, Mass. Sigourney Butler, Clerk of Corporation, Boston, Mass. Solo- 
mon Lincoln, General Counsel, Boston, Mass. Geo. F. Evans, Assistant 
General Manager, Boston, Mass. D. W. Sanborn, General Superintendent, 
Boston, Mass. D. J. Flanders, General Passenger and Ticket Agent, Boston, 
Mass. M. T. Donovan, General Freight Agent, Boston, Mass. 



■A l.'.T,X'-'.V i2a-LJWS. [J«n- 



«^4 



Ijik-u* TrtVL I»ueiflc KflH» fiflanie C. I^nrrane. Hedfard, Hafis. 
^vm:;c *i K-ji.'^ ^i/rUML Jfe iTf^^st H ?^liT. Ciudi^. 111. Hichsrd 
•. liMT i^^; ^ lia^ WZlaoL !! fixn IbMSoc. Haas. A. W. BoIIowbt, 
> ssa^lri. r E ^xMtrz^L £ ▼'^ixk I<r.».uiiBK; Has. TTalter Bnnnewei:. 
▼'^.ts^jfT ^iMttt liin ' . L. ism. BaK«. Ma§& AretK Blood, Manchester. 
F t lirvri. '_j«*- liP'^Bn- J^-v Tcrx. li T. BairT M. TThitney, Brook- 
.iR. JttftM lirtj'- r l»:iai»ct li-irTirK. J^ T. WilliuD Whiting, Holvoke. 



m<t 5i^ jucki anc mib. 



in the loregcdng retom 
TTTTLE, 

FaKTXL c laweekce, 

VM. T. HAST. 
HEKET IL BEED, 
ASTTAS BLOOD, 
JH»HK A. HALL, 
A. W. STLLOWAT, 
J. S- BirKER, 
ITALTES HUKXEWELL, 

AMOS BLAJfCHABD, 

Dreastcrer, 

T. A. MACKINKOK, 



Co!ii]fosmAi.TH or MawtuwLMtirs, 

ScrroLK Cocimr. aa. Sept. 10, 1896, Then personally appeared the 
above-named Lncias Tattle, Samuel C. Lawrence, Wm. T. Hart, Henry R. 
Bced, Aretaa Blood. John A. Hall, A. W. Snlloway, J. 8. Bicker, Walter 
Honnevrell. Amos Blanchard, and. on September 11, T. A. Mackinnon, and 
aeTerally made oath that the foregoing certificate by them subscribed is, to 
the beat of their knowledge and belief, tme. 

Before me, A. W^ETHEBELL DRAPER, 

Jtutice of the Peoca. 



Approved. GEO. H. POOR. 

Commis»icner for diauackutfetu. 



1897.] 



BOSTON & MAINE. 



67 



Bbport of thk Condition of thk Sinking Fund of the Eastern Rail- 
road Company on the Thirtieth Day of June, 1896. 



Cr. 

Amount on band as per report of Jane 30, 1895, 

Annual payment to sinking fund by tbe Boston & Maine Rail- 
road for tbe year ending Sept. 1, 1895, .... 

Payment by the Boston & Maine Railroad excess of cost of 
certificates of indebtedness over the fair value fixed by 
the trustees Oct. 22, 1895, 

Proceeds of two lots of land in Revere, ..... 

Interest on deposit at Sbawmut National Bank, 

Dr. 

Cost of certificates of indebtedness purchased 

Oct. 22, 1895, 889,500, .... $110,858 50 
Accrued interest paid, 790 58 

$111,649 08 
Balance on hand, deposited at Shawmut Na- 
tional Bank, 1,444 07 



$1,924 85 
100,000 00 



8.828 50 

2,019 10 

821 20 



$118,098 15 



$118,093 15 



WILLARD P. PHILLIPS, 
CHARLES R. CODMAN, 
CHAS. U. COTTING, 

Tmsteet Eastern Bailroad, 



Boston, June 80, 1896. 



To the Bailroad CommisBioners of Massachusetts. 

Gentlemen : — We hereby certify that the mortgage certificates of indebt- 
edness of the Eastern Railroad Company issued by us and outstanding on the 
thirtieth day of June, 1896, were as follows : — 

Certificates payable in sterling money of Great Britain, £320,000 

Certificates payable in gold dollars of the United States, $7,089,500 00 
Scrip certificates, 21 cents. 

The above shows a decrease from amount last reported of $89,500, being 
certificates purchased under provisions of chapter 873 of the Acts of 1888, by 
written request of the Boston & Maine Railroad Corporation. 



Boston, June 80, 1896. 



WILLARD P. PHILLIPS, 
CHARLES R. CODMAN, 
CHAS. U. COTTING, 

TVustees Eastern Bailroad, 



68 



RAILROAD RETURNS. 



[Jan. 



RETURN 



OF THS 



BOSTON & PROVIDENCE RAILROAD CORPORATION 



EoR THB Tear endino June SO, 1896. 



[Leflsed to and opented by the New York, New HaTen ft Hartford.] 



General Exhibit for the Tear. 

Total Income from lease of road, 
Dividends received on stocks owned, 



Gross Income, 

Expenses and charges upon income accrued daring the year : 
Salaries and maintenance of organization, . $2,68140 

Interest on funded debt, .... 86,800 00 



Total Expenses and Charges upon Income, 



Net Divisible Income, . 
Dividends declared (10 per cent), 



Surplus for Tear ending June 80, 1896, 
Amount of surplus June 80, 1895, 



Total Surplus June 80, 1896, 



General Balance Sheet June 80, 1896. 

Assets. Dr. 

Cost of road, 

Cost of equipment, . 

Stock of Providence, Warren & Bristol Bail- 
road Company, $158,505 00 

Stock of Union Freight Bailroad Company, . 79,014 42 



Lands in Massachusetts, 



Total Permanent Investments, 

Cash $155,688 18 

Sinking and other special ftinds, . . . 10,090 00 

Total Cash and Current Assets, .... 



Total, 



$489,800 00 
400 00 



$490,200 00 



89,431 40 



$400,768 60 
400,000 00 



$768 60 
79,808 04 



$80,071 64 



$5,046,088 aO 
871.234 35 



237,519 4S 
82,183 94 



$6,237,026 01 



165,778 13 



$6,402,804 14 



1897.] 



BOSTON & PJROVIDENCE. 



69 



Liabilities. 

Capital stock, 

Funded debt, 

Current liabilities : 
Dividends not called for, .... 
Matured Interest coupons unpaid (including 

coupons due July 1), . 
Dividends due July 1, 



Total Cctrrknt Liabilities, 
Profit and Loss balance (surplus), 



Total, 



Cr. 



$4,172 50 

48,560 00 
100,000 00 



Capital Stock. 

Capital stock authorized by law, . . . $4,000,000 00 

Capital stock authorized by votes of company, 4,000,000 00 

Capital stock Issued and outstanding, 

Number of shares issued and outstanding. 

Number of stockholders, .... 

Number of stockholders In Massachusetts, 

Amount of stock held in Massachusetts, . 



40,000 

1,655 

1,813 

$3,390,000 00 



$4,000,000 00 
2,170,000 00 



152,732 50 
80,071 64 



$6,402,804 14 



$4,000,000 00 





Funded 


Debt. 






DXSCBIPTTOH OP SbCUBXTI^B. 


Rate of 
Interest. 


Date of 
Matnrlty. 


Amount 
Oatstanding. 


Interest Paid 
during Tear. 


Plain bonds, 


Per Gent. 
4 


1918, . . 


$2,170,000 00 


$87,240 OO 



Description of Railroad. 
(See tabulated description In preceding appendix to report.) 

Corporate Name and Address of the Company. 

BOSTON & PROVIDENCE RAILROAD CORPORATION. 

205 Sears Building, Boston, Mass. 

Names and Business Address of Principal Officers. 

Royal C. Taft, President, Providence, R. I. Benjamin B. Torrey, Treasurer 
and Clerk of Corporation, 205 Sears Building, Boston, Mass. 



Names and Residence of Board of Directors. 

Royal C. Taft, Providence, R. I. Robert II. Stevenson, Boston, Mass. 
Roger Wolcott, Boston, Mass. (resigned March 18, 1896). John Lowell, 
Chestnut Hill, Mass. Edward W. Hooper, Cambridge, Mass. Charles P. 
Bowdltch, Boston, Mass. Robert I. Gammell, f'rovldence, R. I. 



70 RAILROAD RETURNS. [Jan. 

We hereby certify that the statements contained in the foregoing retorn are 
full, jost and true. 

ROYAL C. TAFT, 
ROBT. H. STEVENSON, 
JOHN LOWELL, 
EDWARD W. HOOPER, 

Diredors. 
B. B. TORREY, 

Treasurer, 



Commonwealth of Massachusetts. 

Suffolk, ss. Oct. 17, 1896. Then personally appeared the above-named 
Royal C. Taft, Robert H. Stevenson, B. B. Torrey, John Lowell and Edward 
W. Hooper, and severally made oath that the foregoing certificate by them 
subscribed is, to the best of their knowledge and belief, true. 

Before me, ALEXANDER TYLER, 

Justice of t?ie Peace. 



1897.] BOSTON, REVERE BEACH & LYNN. 



71 



RETURN 



or THX 



BOSTON, EEVERE BEACH & LYNN RAILROAD COMPANY 



For thb Teab ENDcra Juke 80, 1896. 



[A D»rrow-gsage road.] 



General Exhibit for the Tear. 

Gross earnings Arom operation, ....*. 
Operating expenses, 

Net Income from Operation, 

Miscellaneous Income, less expense of collecting : sale of old 
material, rents, etc., 

Gross Income above Operatinq Expenses,. 

Charges upon Income accrued during the year : 
Interest on flinded debt, .... $85,450 00 
Interest and discount on unfunded debts and 

loans, 9,984 79 

Taxes, 9,101 08 

Total Charges and Deductions from Income, . 

Net Divisible Income, 

Dividends declared (4 per cent), 

Deficit for the year ending June 80, 1896, .... 
Amount of surplus June 80, 1895, . . . $75,894 94 
Additions during the year : profit on land sold, 2,020 67 

$77,915 61 
Deductions during the year : 
Engine bouses, . . • $1,986 71 

Locomotives, .... 18,248 65 

Supplies at shops, . . . 2,000 00 

Total Deductions 17,280 86 



Total Surplus June 80, 1896, 



$258,844 55 
188,576 14 



$65,268 41 



19,728 12 



$84,996 58 



54,585 82 



$80,460 71 
84,000 00 



$8,589 29 



60,685 25 



$57,145 96 



72 



RAILROAD RETURNS, 



[Jan. 



Eabkings trou Opxration. 



DXPARTMXITT OV SESTICB. 



Gl 

Beeeipt*. 



I>«diietloiM. Karahmi 



Psasenger Mnic« : 
Gross receipts from pMsengers, . 
I>edactlons : 
Bzoess fsres refaoded. . 



ToTAX. Babnihos, Passsxokb Sbbticb, 
Gboas Babrinob vbom Opbbatiox. • 



#250.744 IS 



$5,89»e0 






ExPEKSBS OF Operation. 



€reneral expenses : 

Salaries of general officers, 

Salaries of clerks aad attendants, 

General office expenses and supplies, 

Insurance, 

Law expenses, 

Stationery and printing (general offices), .... 

Other general expenses: hospital and relief association, 

band concerts, •• 

Total, 

Maintenance of way and stractores : 

Repairs of roadway, 

Renewals of rails, 

Renewals of ties, 

Repairs and renewals of bridges and cnlTerts, 

Repairs and renewals of fences, road crossings, signs and 

cattle guards, 

Repairs and renewals of buildings and fixtures, . 

Total, 

Maintenance of equipment : 

Repairs and renewals of locomotives, 

Repairs and renewals of passenger cars, .... 
Repairs and renewals of marine equipment, .... 

JL OTAL, .•••..•••* 

Conducting transportation : 

Eneine and roundhouse men, 

Fuel for locomotives, 

Water supply for locomotives, 

Oil, tallow and waste for locomotives, 

Other supplies for locomotives, 

Train service, 

Train supplies and expenses, 
Switchmen, flagmen and watchmen. 
Telegraph expenses, .... 

Station service, 

Station supplies 

Loss and damage, 

Injuries to persons, .... 
Operatlns; marine equipment. 

Advertising, 

Stationery and printing, 



I 



$7,520 00 
2,6S7 27 
1.051 46 
5.238 52 
434 S9 
1,091 95 

1,292 15 



f 19,316 24 

f 17,239 95 
600 00 

2,488 00 
736 20 

1,044 57 
4,097 99 



$26,206 71 


$8,992 89 


6,915 99 


3.049 50 


$18,957 88 


$14,204 50 


13,656 63 


2,704 35 


769 54 


23.680 05 


1,716 76 


17.872 35 


1,940 53 


17,046 SO 


8,616 47 


35 OO 


3 00 


19,659 52 


290 31 


1.900 00 



Total, 



$124,095 31 



1897.] BOSTON, BEVERE BEACH & LYNN. 



73 



Becapitalation : 

General expenses, 

Maintenance of way and strnctures. 
Maintenance of equipment, . . • . 
Conducting transportation 

Total Operatinq Expbnsbs, . 

Percentage of operating expenses to earnings, 



Gbneral Balance Sheet June 80, 1896. 

Assets. Dr. 

Cost of road, 

Cost of equipment, 

Real estate, 

Other permanent property : ferry boats, 

Total Permanent Investments, 

Cash, $23,226 28 

Bills receivable, 365 00 

Due from solvent companies and individusils, . 1,431 80 

Other cash assets 2,608 28 

Total Cash and Current Assets, .... 
Materials and supplies, 

Total, 

Liabilities. Cr. 

Capital stock, 

Funded debt, 

Current liabilities : 
Loans and notes payable, .... $330,000 00 
Audited vouchers and accounts, . . . 11,210 91 

Dividends not called for, .... 84 00 

Matured interest coupons unpaid (including 

coupons due July 1), 120 00 

Miscellaneous current liabilities: sundry 

amounts, 1,164 00 

Total Current Liabilities, 

Sinking and other special funds : improvement fund, 

Profit and Loss balance (surplus), 

Total, 

Property Accounts. 

Additions to construction account : lands, land damages and 

fences 

Other expenditures charged to property accounts : real estate, 

Total Additions to Property Accounts, . 



$19,316 24 
26.206 71 
18,967 88 

124,095 31 



$188,576 14 
74.28 



$1,442,661 23 

261,317 23 

99,251 92 

73,000 00 



$1,866,230 38 



27.631 31 
10,813 18 



$1,904,674 87 



$850,000 00 
639,000 00 



842,528 91 
16.000 00 
57,145 96 



$1,904,674 87 



$1 ,276 92 
5,237 69 



$6,514 61 



BAILSOAD BETCBXS. 



Miicl or reJDoed ia 
Ea^riDe bouses. 



a isouiuiL^ : 






•13.12S 1.^ 



AiDOMi of JiDprcyvyTnfirt 



AooorxT. 

90. I<i9i, 



aoconnt J 



AO DW.A I Jun 30, lOK. 



•1€,(»D O? 
•16,000 CO 



Capital stock mtbarized br Imv, 

Capital str«cfc astbonzed Inr To«e9 of 

Capital stock i«»-oed aad ovtstaDdiag, 

Kumber of »hare» is<oed a&d on 

Xomber of «tockbol<iers, . 

y amber of 5t/>ckbo]-i€T5 In 

Amoont of stock beki ia MajwarbiiscttB, 



'j» 



f M2S.O00 00 I 
125,000 00 



8,500 

310 : 



•850,000 00 



280 
#653,900 00 



I 



of 



Dale of 
Mjsoitiy. 



I 



Aatonot 
Otianrting. 



dortagT 



Moit|E»fe booda, . 
Mortg)M« boiMl« of WlBtkiop 



S 



- 1.1«». 



$s3a,ooooo 

289,000 00 



TovAiia, 



I 



$699,000 00 



031,000 00 
14«4M 00 



VoLnnE OF Traffic, vtc. 



Passenj{:er traffic : 

Number of pas^^ieneers carried pa3riiig: rerenae, 

Number of passeDsers carried one mile. 

Number of passengers carried one mile per mOe of road 
operated, 

Average lengtii of journey per passenger, . 

Average amount received from eacii passenger, . 

Average amount received per passenger per mile carried, 

Passenger earnings per mile of road operated, 

Passenger earnings per passenger-train mile run, 
0))eratlng expenses : 

OlHrratlng expenses per mile of road operated, • 

Operating expenses per revenue>traln mile run, . 



9.640,043 
13.998,676 



1,036,938 
5.302 miles. 
9.610 cent^ 
1.810 «• 
$18,803 80 
87.46 cents, 

018,968 60 
64.96 cents. 



1897.] BOSTON, REVERE BEACH & LYNN. 



75 



Train mileage : 

Miles run by passenger trains, 

Total mileage of trains earning revenue, .... 

Miles run by construction and other trains, .... 

Total train mileage, 

Fares and freights : 

Average rate of fare per mile on local tickets. 

Average rate of fare per mile on commutation tickets. 
Passengers to and from Boston : 

Number of passengers (including season-ticket) to Boston, 

Number of passengers (including season-ticket) from Boston, 
Employees : 

Average number of persons employed, 



290,263 

290.263 

1,733 

291,996 



2.10 cents. 
1.52 



CI 



l,09i,653 
1,096,117 

184 



Dbscription of Railroad. 
(See tabulated description in preceding appendix to report.) 



Description of Equipmbnt. 



BOLLIHG BTOOK. 





• 




** 


• 


ja 


1 


•? 


i 


^ 


o 


a 






a 


Q 

a 


1 


izs 


s 



ft 



PAMenger, 



LOOOMOTXTKS. 




Tons. 
85 



BoLLiNo Stock. 



Cabs -> Pjlssbngbb Bbrticb. 

Passenger cars 

OombinatloQ cars, .... 



Total. 



Box cars. 
Flat cars, 

Total, 



Cabs— Frbioht Bbbticb. 



Gravel cars. 



Cabs — Compakt'8 Bbbticb. 





ja a 


5a 




•»,— 




*i "^ 


•P" H 


a 
O 

1 




O g 


uipped w 
atomaticCoi 
rs. 


0<ViM 


o^J8 


izs 


H 


H 



S Name of Coapler . 



48 


48 


48 


8 


8 


8 


61 


61 


61 


3 


^ 


^ 


4 


- 


- 


7 


- 


- 


10 


- 


- 



Nfiller. 
Millar. 



Number of 8-wheel cars in passenger service fitted with brakes for cUl 

wheels, 51 



76 



RAILROAD RETURNS. 



[Jan. 



Railroad Crossings in Massachusetts. 



Crossings toUh Highways. 

Namber of crossings of company's railroad by highways at 

grade, 

Number of crossings of company's railroad by highways above 

railroad, 

Number of highway crossings at grade protected by gates, • 
Namber of highway crossings at grade protected by flagmen, 
Number of highway bridges less than 18 feet above track, 
Height of lowest highway bridge above track, 



Miscellaneous. 

Total length of railroad line operated by the company, • 
Total length of railroad line operated in Massachusetts, . 
Total length of railroad track (computed as single track) 

operated by the company, 

Total length of railroad track (computed as single track) 

operated in Massachusetts, 

Total length of track now laid with steel rails on same, 



14 

11 

8 

6 

9 

12 ft., 4 io. 



13.50 miles. 
13.50 •• 



26.35 



«f 



26.35 «• 

25.36 " 



Accidents to Persons. 





In Massachusetts. 




^^w* A w ^ 


KILLED 

AND 

INJURED. 


VBOM CAUSES BB- 

TOND THEIR 

OWN CONTROL. 


VROK THEIR OWN 

MISCONDUCT 
OR CARELESSNESS. 


Total. 


1 OTAL un A.«jiA* 

Links 
Operated. 




Killed. 


Injured. 


Killed. Injured. 


Killed. 


Injured. 


Killed. 


Injured. 


Pftsiengera, . 
Employees, . 
Other pe none, 


~ 


8 


1 


6 
6 


1 



6 
5 


1 


•• 

9 
6 
6 


Total, . 


- 


8 


1 


10 


1 


19 


1 


19 



Statement of Each Accident in Massachusetts. 

July 15, 1895. — John Dolan, while driving a coal team across the track at 
the gas house crossing, Lynn, was struck by a locomotive and killed. 

August 4. — Mabel Patterson, a passenger, was struck in the head by a 
stone thrown through the window; not much Injured. 

August 8. — W. J. Keys, an employee, jumped from a moving train at 
Orient Heights and injured his hip. 

August 26. — E. P. Balch attempted to get onto a train while in motion 
near WInthrop Beach. He was dragged onto the bridge and fell into the mud, 
injuring his head. 

September 15. — Mrs. G. E. Simon, a passenger, fell on car steps at East 
Boston and was slightly Injured. 

September 21. — Mrs. Curtis, a passenger, while alighting from a train at 
Crescent Beach, fell and injured her arm. 



1897.] BOSTON, REVERE BEACH & LYNN. 77 

October 18. — J. W. Ramsey, an employee, Jumped fh>m a moving train at 
Wood Island and fractured his knee pan. 

October 21. — Willie Connors, while stealing a ride on the train, fell and 
struck his head; not much injured. 

November 5. — Mrs. C. M. Shattuck, a passenger, was slightly injured near 
Wood Island. A stone was thrown through the car window and the glass 
cut her. 

November 22. — Walter Murphy, while walking on the track at East Boston, 
was struck by the car steps ; his leg was injured. 

December 16. — Mrs. Partridge, a passenger, had her hand jammed in the 
door of the car ; not much Injured. 

January 6, 1896. — An unknown man was struck by a locomotive on 
Pleasant Street crossing, Lynn; not much injured. Gates were down at the 
time. 

January 8. — Miss Jessie Donohue stepped flrom a train at Orient Heights 
before it had stopped, and fell, slightly ii^uring herself. 

March 6. — Bridget Clancy tried to get onto a train at East Boston after it 
had started, and fell; she was injured considerably. 

March 19. — Annie Gray went under the gates at Marginal Street, East 
Boston, and was struck by a train ; her back was injured. 

April 5. — W. A. Brown, a passenger, was cut in the face by broken glass, 
a stone being thrown through the window. 

April 15. — J. W. Ramsey, an employee, fell at the machine shop and 
injured his knee. 

April 28. — M. Moore, an employee, had his foot jammed in a lathe In the 
machine shop. 

May 13. — H. Murley, an employee, had his leg broken by a car wheel fall* 
ing on it. 

June 17. — August Page, while walking on the Harbor View bridge, was 
struck by the car steps of a passing train and slightly injured. 



Corporate Name and Address of the Company. 
BOSTON, REVERE BEACH & LYNN RAILROAD COMPANY, 

Boston, Mass. 



Names and Business Address of Principal Officers. 

Melvin O. Adams, President, Boston, Mass. John A. Fenno, Treasurer 
and Superintendent, Boston, Mass. Henry L. Hoyt, General Passenger Agents 
Boston, Mass. 



Names and Residence of Board of Directors. 

Melvin O. Adams, Boston, Mass. Henry R. Reed, Boston, Mass. Joseph 
8. RIcker, Portland, Me. Elijah B. Stoddard, Worcester, Mass. Amos P. 
Breed, Lynn, Mass. Henry F. Hurlburt, Lynn, Mass. John A. Fenno, New- 
ton, Mass. 



78 RAILSOAD SETUBXS. [Ji 

la the f oregoiiig retnm 



are full, J«t 

MELVnC O. ADAMS, 
J. 8. BICKER, 
HEXRT B. REED, 
A. F. BREED, 
JOBS A. FENKO, 

JOHN^A. FEKNO, 



C OMMOA ■ K AUH CW XikSBJkC&CSITn. 



SrFVOLK, ss. Arc. 9S, 1S96. Thea posoaaDy appeared the aboTe-named 
M^Tin O. A^laiis. J. & Bicker, Oesir R. Reed aad A. F. Breed, and sererallT 
nade oath that the f or^chu^ ccrtiAcaSe by then sabacribed Is, to the best of 
thdr knowledge aad belief, tnie. 

Before se, JOHK A. FEKNO, 

JmaUce of ike 



CoM»03rfrmAi.TH or MAasA CHuaans . 



ScTfoix, SB. Are. K, 189C Thea pcnoaally appeared the aboTe-aamed 
John A. Fenno, and made oath that the foregoing oertUlcate by bim snbacifbed 
Is, to the best of his knowledge aad belief, tnie. 



Before aie, MELYIK O. ADAMS, 

JmaOoe of the F^BOce. 



1897.] 



CAPE ANN GRANITE. 



79 



EETUBN 



OF THB 



CAPE ANN GRANITE RAILROAD COMPANT 



Fob the Year ending June 80, 1896. 

General Exhibit for the Year. 

Gross earnings from operation, 

Operating expenses, 

Net Income from Operation, 

Gross Income above Operating Expenses, • 
Charges upon Income accraed during the year : 
Interest and discount on unfunded debts and 

loans $i71 24 

Taxes, 306 98 

Total Charges and Deductions from Income, . 

Surplus for Year ending June 80, 1896, . 

Total Surplus June 80, 1896, 

Earnings from Operation. 
Freight service : gross receipts from freight, .... 

Gross Earnings from Operation, 

Expenses of Operation. 

Greneral expenses : 
General office expenses and supplies, • . . . . 
Insurance, 

Total, 

Maintenance of way and structures : repairs of roadway, • 

Maintenance of equipment : 
Repairs and renewals of locomotives, . • . 
Repairs and renewals of freight cars, 

Total, 



$5,166 80 
4,125 94 



$1,040 36 
$1,040 36 



778 22 



$262 14 
$262 14 



$5,166 80 
$5,166 80 



$21 75 
156 25 



$178 00 
$274 49 



$279 58 
95 58 



$875 11 



80 



RAILROAD RETURNS. 



[JaD< 



Conducting transportation : 
Engine and roundhouse men. 

Fuel for locomotives, 

Water supply for locomotives, 

Oil, tallow and waste for locomotives, . 

Train service, 

Switchmen, flagmen and watchmen, 

Total, 

Becapitulation : 

General expenses 

Maintenance of way and structures, . 

Maintenance of equipment, 

Conducting transportation, . . . . 

Total Opbratinq Expenses, . 

Percentage of operating expenses to earnings, 



General Balance Sheet June 80, 1896. 

Assets. Dr. 

Cost of road, 

Cost of equipment, . 

Total Permanent Investments, 

Cash, 

Total, 

LiABiLirnss. Cr. 

Capital stock, 

Current liabilities : 
Loans and notes payable, . • . . $6,112 89 

Audited vouchers and accounts, . . . 2,455 20 

Total Current LuBiLrnES, 

Profit and Loss balance (surplus;, 

Total, 

Property Accounts. 

Additions to construction account : superstructure, including 
rails, 

Additions to equipment account: freight and other cars 
(number, 10) 

« 

Total Additions to Property Accounts, . 



$785 33 

1,092 96 

18 18 

144 25 

568 60 

689 03 



93,298 34 


$178 00 
274 49 
375 11 

3,298 34 


$4,125 94 
79.86 



$18,068 09 
10,500 00 



$28,568 09 
262 14 



$28,830 23 



$20,000 00 



8,568 09 
262 14 



$28,830 23 



$7,859 82 
4,400 00 



$12,259 82 



1897.] 



CAPE ANN GRANITE, 



81 



Capital Stock. 

Capital stock authorized by law, 
Capital stock authorized by votes of company, 
Capital stock Issued and outstanding, 
Number of shares issued and outstanding, 
Number of stockholders, .... 
Number of stockholders in Massachusetts, 
Amount of stock held in Massachusetts, • 



$20,000 00 

20,000 00 

• • • 

200 

9 

9 

$20,000 00 



YoLiTMiB OF Traffic, stc. 

Freight traffic : 
Number of tons of freight hauled earning revenue, 
Number of tons of freight hauled one mile, . 
Number of tons of IVeight hauled one mile per mile of 

operated, 

Average length of haul per ton, . 
Average amount received for each ton of freight, 
Average amount received per ton per mile hauled 
Freight earnings per mile of road operated, . 
Freight earnings per flreight-train mile run, . 

Operating expenses : 
Operating expenses per mile of road operated, 
Operating expenses per revenue train-mile run, 

Train mileage : 
Miles run by Areight trains, .... 
Total mileage of trains earning revenue, 
Total train mileage, 

Employees : 
Average number of persons employed, . 



road 



$20,000 00 



108,B26 
148,376 

71,954 
1.436 miles. 

5.00 cents. 

3.48 •« 
$3,597 70.1 

78.8 cents. 

$2,873 21.6 

62.9 cents. 

6,552 
6.552 
6,552 



Dbscription of Railroad. 
(See tabulated description in preceding appendix to report.) 



Description of Equipment. 









^M 


• 


• 






•8 


m 


•^ 


2 




RoLLnce Stock. 


a 
O 






1 






a 

9 


quip 
Power 
wheel 




a 

M 

e 


t 

? 






^ 


H 


< 




LOCOMOTIVXS. 






Tons. 


TODI. 


Freight, . 


0AB8~FBBI0HT Sebviob. 


1 


1 


80 


m 


Flat can, . 




16 









82 



RAILROAD RETURNS. 



£Jan. 



Kailroad Crossings m Massachusetts. 



Craasings toUh Highways. 

Nnmber of crossings of company's railroad by highways at 

grade, 

Number of highway crossings at grade protected by gates, . 
Number of highway crossings at grade protected by flagmen, 



Miscellaneous. 

Total length of railroad line operated by the company, . 
Total length of railroad line operated in Massachusetts, 
Total length of railroad track (computed as single track) 

operated by the company, 

Total length of railroad track (computed as single track) 

operated in Massachusetts, 

Total length of track now laid with steel rails on same. 
Company commenced operation July 1, 1895. 



9 
1 
1 



1 436 miles. 

1.436 *• 



2.217 •* 



2.217 
2.217 






ACCIDBNTS TO PERSONS. 











XrLLBD 

AND 
INJURED. 


FBOM CAUeSS BX- 

TOND THEIR 

OWN CONTROL. 


TROM TSXIR OWN 

MISCONDUCT 
OR CARBLBS8NB8B. 


.... , 
Total. 


LiXRS 

Opkbatbo. 




Killed. 


Injared. 


KUled. 


Injared. 


Killed. 


Injared. 


Killed. 


lojarad. 


pMMDgera, . 
Employees, • 
Other penone, 


■" 


• 


1 


- 


1 


- 


1 


- 


TOTAI., . 


- 


- 


1 


- 


I 


- 


1 


- 



Statement of Each Accident in MASSACHUSBrrs. 

July 20, 1895. — A laborer, name nnknown, attempted to climb on forward 
end of car in motion, fell, and was killed by car ranning over him. 



Corporate Name and Address ov the Company. 

CAPE ANN GRANITE RAILROAD COMPANY, 

40 Water Street, Boston, Mass. 



Names and Business Addbbs& of Principal Officers. 

Jonas H. French, President and Chneral Manager, 40 Water Street, Boston. 
George E. Craig, TreaBwet and Clerk of Corporation, 40 Water Street, 
Boston. 



1897.] CAPE ANN GRANITE. 83 



Names and Residence of Board of Directors. 

Jonas H. French, Gloacester (Bay View), Mass. George E. Craig, Wal- 
pole, Mass. William H. Pearson, Boston, Mass. Edward O. Merrill, 
Maiden, Mass. Arthur P. French, Newton, Mass. 



We hereby certify that the statements contained in the foregoing return 
are full, Just and true. 

JONAS H. FRENCH, 
GEORGE E. CRAIG, 
WILLIAM H. PEARSON, 
EDWARD O. MERRILL, 

Directors. 
GEORGE E. CRAIG, 

Treasurer. 



Commonwealth of Massachttsetts. 

SxTFFOLK, ss. Sept. 29, 1B96. Then personally appeared the above-named 
Jonas H. French, George E. Craig, William H. Pearson and Edward O. 
Merrill, and severally made oath that the foregoing certificate by them sub- 
scribed is, to the best of their knowledge and belief, true. 

Before me, RALPH S. WENT WORTH, 

Notary PuiUie. 



84 



RAILROAD RETURNS. 



[Jan. 



RETURN 



OF THE 



CENTRAL MASSACHUSETTS RAILROAD COMPANY 



For thb Ykar SNDiNa Junb 80, 1896. 



[Leased to and operated by the Boeton 8C MaiDe.] 



General Exhibit for the Tear. 

Total income A'oin lease of road for carrent year, 
Income from other sources : 

Interest on loans and deposits, 

Income for previous years as per adjustment, 



$1,735 53 
75,000 00 



Gross Income, 

Expenses and charges upon income accrued during the year : 
Salaries and maintenance of organization, . $6,500 00 

Interest on funded debt, .... 103,750 00 



Total Expenses and Charges upon Income, 



Net DrvTsiBLB Income, 

DiTidends declared (2^ per cent on preferred stock), 



Surplus June 80, 1896, 



General Balance Sheet June 80, 1896. 

Assets. Dr. 

Cost of road, 

Cash, $28,515 80 

Bills receivable, 5,000 00 

Due from solvent companies and individuals, . 1,500 00 



Total Cash and Current Assets, 
Total, 



LlABtLnXES. Cr. 

Capital stock, common, $8,471,100 00 

Capital stock, preferred, 8,950,492 38 



Total Capital Stock, 

Funded debt 

Sinking and other special funds : contingent fund, . 
Profit and Loss balance (surplus), . . . . 



Total, 



$147,078 75 



76,735 53 



$223,814 28 



110,250 00 



$113,564 28 
88,647 75 



$24,916 5.^ 



$9,521,592 33 



30,015 30 



$9,551,607 63 



$7,421,592 33 

2,100,000 00 

5,098 77 

24,916 53 



$9,551,607 (;3 



1897.] 



CENTRAL MASSACHUSETTS. 



85 



$7,411,400 00 
10,iy2 33 



$7,421,592 33 



Capital Stock. 

Capital stock authorized by law, common, . $3,500,000 00 
Capital stock authorized by law, preferred, . 8,950,912 33 

Total amount authorized by law, . . . $7,450,912 33 
Capital stock authorized by votes of company, 

common, $3,600,000 00 

Capital stock authorized by votes of company, 

preferred, 3,950,912 38 

Total amount authorized by vote, . . • $7,450,912 33 

Capital stock Issued and outstanding, common, $3,471,100 00 
Capital stock issued and outstanding, preferred, 3,940,300 00 

Total Capital Stock outstanding, . . . . 
Scrip convertible into stock, 

Total Capital Stock Liability, 

Number of shares issued and 

outstanding, common, . 84,711 

Number of shares Issued and 

outstanding, preferred, . 89,403 

Total number of shares out- 
standing, . . . . 74,114 

Number of stockholders, com- 
mon, .... 857 

Number of stockholders, pre- 
ferred, .... 426 

Total number of stockholders, 1,282 

Number of stockholders in 

Massachusetts, common, 741 

Number of stockholders in 

Massachusetts, preferred, 366 

Total stockholders in Massachu- 
setts, .... 1,107 

Amount of stock held In Massa- 
chusetts, common, $8,081,500 00 

Amount of stock held In Massa- 
chusetts, preferred, .... 8,624,500 00 

Total stock held in Massachusetts, . . 



$6,656,000 00 



Funded Debt. 



DKSCBIPTIOir OF Sboubitiss. 



Rate of 
iDtereit. 



Date of 
Maturity. 



Amount 
OutstandlDg. 



Interest Paid 
during Tear. 



Mortgage coupon, 
CoupoD» 
Totals, . 



Per Cent. 
6 



Oct. 
Oct. 



1,1906, 
1,1906, 



$2,000,000 00 
100,000 00 



$2,100,000 00 



$100,000 00 
8,750 00 



$103,760 00 



Descbiptiox of Railroad. 



(See tabulated description in preceding appendix to report.) 



86 



EAILROAD RETURNS- 



f Jan. 



Railroad Crossings in Massachusetts. 



Crouings with Highways, 

Number of crossings of company*s railroad by highways at 
grade, .•••...... 

Namber of crossings of company's railroad by highways above 
railroad, 

Number of crossings of company's railroad by highways under 
railroad, 

Namber of highway crossings at grade protected by gates, . 

Namber of highway crossings at grade protected by flagmen, 

Number of highway crossings at grade protected by electric 
signals only, 

Number of hij^h