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Full text of "The public records of the colony of Connecticut from [1636-1776..."

UNIVERSITY 
OF PITTSBURGH 



^\ Of .^ 









LIBRARY 



THE 



PUBLIC RECORDS 



OF THE 



COLONY OF CONNECTICUT, 

PROM 1665 TO 1678; 

WITPI THE JOURNAL OF THE COUNCIL OF WAR, 

1G75 TO 1678; 

TRANSCRIBED AND EDITED, IN ACCORDANCE WITH A RESOLUTION 
OF THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY, 



WITH NOTES AND AN APPENDIX; 




By J. HAMMOND TRUMBULL, A.M. 



COR. SEC. CONIV, HIST. 



COR. MKMB. HIST, SOCIETIES OF MASS. AND N- YORK. 



H ARTF ORD: 

F. A. BROWN 

1852. 



F9T 

CIS" 2^ 
V. 8. 

Cop. \ 



j4t o Oeneral Assembly of the State of Connecticut, holden at Hartford in said State, on the first 
Wednesday of May, in the year of our Lord, one thousand eight hundred and fifty-one : — 

Upon the memorial of Hon. Thomas Day and others, a committee of the Connecticut Histori- 
cal Society, appointed to memorialize this General Assembly in behalf of the continued 
publication of the early Records of tliis State : — 

Resolved by this Assembly, That the Secretary of Stale be authorized to purchase, for the 
use of the State, two hundred and fifty copies of the proposed publication of the Public Records 
of the Colony of Connecticut, from 166.5 to 1078, transcribed and edited by J. Hammond 
Trumbull, Esq. Provided, that such publication shall be made with the approval and under the 
supervision of the Secretary of State, and authenticated by his otficial certificate, as a true 
copy of the original record ; and provided also, that the expense of the same shall not exceed 
two dpllars and fifty cents per copy. 

Reiolved, That the copies so purchased be distributed by the Secretary, as follows : one copy 
to the town clerk of each town in this State, to be preserved in his office, for the use of the 
town ; one copy to the (Jovernor and to each of the State Orticers of this State : one copy to 
the Governor of each of the several States and Territories of the United States ; one copy to 
the library of Compress ; one copy to the Smithsonian Institute ; one copy to each of the 
collefjej a! this .State ; twenty-five copies to Mr. Alexander Vatteinare, for International E.x- 
changfc ; and the remainder of said two hundred and fifty copies to be deposited in the office 
of the Secretary of btate, subject to the disposal of the General Assembly. 



V R E S 8 OF 
CASE, .TIFFANY & CO., 
• . IMRTFORD, CONN. 



PREFACE. 



This volume continues the publication of the public records of the Colony 
of Connecticut, from the Union with Xew Haven Colony, (May, 1665,) to 
the close of the year 1 6 77, — comprising one of the most interesting and event- 
ful periods in our colonial history. Like the volume which preceded it, (and 
of which it is in immediate continuation,) it is designed to supply a full and 
literally exact copy of the original records ; and to this end, the transcriber 
has not been sparing of time or labor, in preparing the copy and in the su- 
pervision of the press. 

The second part of the volume (pp. 331-510) comprises the Journal and 
correspondence of the standing Council, or council of war, from the com- 
mencement of the great Indian war, in June, 1675, to October, 1677. The 
Journal is published entire, and a considerable number of letters and other 
documents to which the Journal refers or which were deemed necessary to 
its illustration, have been incorporated with it. This mode of arrangement 
is perhaps liable to some objections ; but no other occurred to the compiler 
which seemed, on the whole, to be less objectionable or to promise less in- 
convenience to the reader. Coj^ies and abstracts of letters, &c., which did 
not originally constitute part of the Journal itself, are printed in a smaller 
type, and references are, in all cases, given to the volumes from which they 
have been extracted. Abstracts and partial copies are included between 
brackets. 

Where the omission of a word, in the original record, rendered the sense 
obscure, or where a slip of the recorder's pen had introduced a different word 
from that which he manifestly intended to write, the omission has been sup- 
plied or the error corrected, by words in italics, and between brackets. 
Words supplied as the probable reading, where the paper of the original is so 
worn or defaced as to be quite illegible, or where one or more words are lost 
by a blot or by the mutilation of the page, are likewise distinguished by 
brackets. While the original orthography has been strictly adhered to, the 
same liberty has been taken with the p>unctuation and use of capital letters, 
as in the former volume ; nor has it been thought worth while to retain, in 
all cases, the character &, (invariably employed by Secretary Allyn,) the 
too frequent recurrence of which tires the eye of the reader and mars the 
beauty of a printed page more than even the false spelling or the numerous 
contractions and superior letters. 



IV PREFACE. 

The Appendix contains copies and abstracts, more or less full, of a great 
number of documents not previously published. Some of these will, it is be- 
lieved, prove of interest to the general reader ; and many of them, as supf^ly- 
ing valuable material of colonial history, seem scarcely less worthy of preser- 
vation than the Record itself. These papers have been brought together, 
under several titles, with such regard to classification and arrangement in or- 
der of time, as was found practicable. Of some of the transactions to which 
they refer, (as for example, the controversy with Gov. Andross, and the affair 
at Saybrook, in lG7.i,) an attempt has been made to compile as complete a 
documentary history as the records and files in the State Department would 
supply. 

In the selection and arrangement of the letters, &c., incorporated with the 
Journal of the Council, as well as of the documents contained in the Appendix, 
the principal difficulty has been the compression within the limits of a single 
volume, of all that seemed essential to the explanation of the record, or that 
possessed sufficient historical value and interest to render its publication 
desirable. With what degree of success this difficulty has been encountered, 
the readers of the volume must themselves determine ; and the hope is in- 
dulged that those whose experience in similar labors has best qualified them 
to appreciate the embarrassments and perplexities incident to their prosecu- 
tion, will prove the most lenient judges. 

Indexes of names and of subjects have been prepared with considerable 
care ; and, if less perfect than those who have occasion to consult them might 
desire, are, to say the least, somewhat more satisfactory than those given with 
a former volume. 

The initial letter of the Charter of 1662, enclosing a head of Charles the 
Second, is a reduced copy, in fac-slmile, of a finely executed drawing on the 
original Charter. 

To friends, in this and other States, whose commendations of the compiler's 
earlier labors have encouraged him to their further prosecution, he returns 
grateful acknowledgments ; and especially, to the Connecticut Historical So- 
ciety, upon whose memorial to the General Assembly, in behalf of the con- 
tinued publication of the Colony Records, a resolution extending the patron- 
age of the State to the volume now published, was predicated. 

J. H. T. 

IlAirri-ouu, April 10th, 1852. 



CONTENTS. 



PAQB. 

The Charter of Connecticut ; 3 

Records of the General Court, from May, 1665, to Oct. 1669, [from 

Vol. II. pp. 206-271.] . . 13 
Records of the General Court, from May, 1670, to Oct. 1677, [from 

Vol. III. pp. 1-91.] . . .126 

Journal and Correspondence of the Council, 1675-1677; . . 331 

Certificate of the Secretary of State ; 510 

Appendix : — 

I. Reports of the Committee to hear Uncas's Complaints ; 511 

n. Tawtanimo's grants to Richard Baldwin ; . . . 513 
in. Letters from King Charles II. (1666;) . . .514 

IV. Correspondence with Massachusetts, respecting a Synod ; 516 

V. Lists of Freemen in the several towns, Oct. 1669; . 518 
VL The Rhode Island Boundary, (1665-1677;) . . 526 
Vn. The Mortgaged Lands ; Major Atherton and his part- 
ners; ......... 541 

Vni. Lands granted by Massachusetts, in the Pequot Country ; 545 

IX. The rumored Indian Plot, of 1669; . . . .548 

X. Proceedings of the Commissioners to establish the Rhode 

Island boundary ; June, 1670; .... 551 

XI. Correspondence with Massachusetts respecting the boun- 

dary line; 1671-1673; 554 

Xrr. New London and Lyme Riot ; 1670; . . . . 557 

XIII. Letter from the King, announcing the declaration of war 

with the States General, &c. .... 559 

XIV. Hostilities with the Dutch, 1673-4; . . . , 561 

XV. The published Laws, of 1672-3; . . . .567 

XVI. Claims of Gov. Andross; 1674-1675; . . .569 

XVn. Laws for the Pequots ; 1675; 574 

XVin. Stonington Petition; 1675; 577 

XIX. Gov. Andross at Saybrook ; . . . . .578 

XX. The King's Letter, respecting William Harris ; . . 586 

XXI. Report of a Committee, about the Narragansett Lands ; 

1677; 589 

XXn. Letters from Rev. James Fitch, respecting Uncas and 

the Surrenderers ; 591 



THE CHARTER OF CONNECTICUT. 




Ijarlrs tljf $nnt, %^ tlje 

grnrt of God, King of Eng. 
land, Scotland, France and 
Ireland, defender of the Faith, 
&c. ; To all to whome theis 
presents shall come, Greet- 
inge : "Whereas, by the sev- 
erall Navigaqons, discoverycs 
and successfull Plantaqons of 
diverse of our loveing Sub- 
jects of this our Realme of 
England, Severall Lands, Isl- 
ands, Places, Colonies and 
Planta^ons have byn obtayned 
and setled in that parte of the 
Continent of America called 
New England, and thereby the Trade and Comerce there hath byn of 
late yeares much increased. And whereas, We have byn in- 
formed by the humble Petiqon of our Trusty and welbeloved John 
Winthrop, John Mason, Samuell Willis, Henry Gierke, Mathew Al- 
len, John Tappen, Nathan Gold, Richard Treate, Richard Lord, 
Henry Woolicott, John Talcott, Daniell Gierke, John Ogden, Thomas 
Wells, Obedias Brewen, John Gierke, Anthony Haukins, John Dom- 
ing and Mathew Camfeild, being Persons Principally interested in 
our Colony or Planta^on of Conecticutt in New England, that the 
same Colony or the greatest parte thereof was purchased and ob- 
teyned for greate and valuable considerac^ons, And some other parte 
thereof gained by Conquest and with much difficulty, and att the 
onely endeavours, expence and Charge of them and their Associates, 
and those vnder whome they Clayme, Subdued and improved, and 
thereby become a considerable enlargement and addi^on of our Do- 
minions and interest there, — Now Kno^v yea, that in Considera- 



4: CHARTER OF CONNECTICUT. 

qon thereof, and in regard the said Colony is remote from other the 
English PlantaQons in the Places aforesaid, And to the end the Af- 
faires and Busines which shall from tyme to tyme happen or arise 
concerning the same may bee duely Ordered and managed, Wee 
have thought fitt, and att the humble Petiqon of the Persons afore- 
said, and are graciously pleased to Create and Make them a Body 
PoUitique and Corporate, with the powers and Priviledges herein af- 
ter me nqoned ; And accor;dingly Our Will and pleasure is, and of 
our especiall grace, certeine knowledge and meere mocon, wee 
have Ordeyned, Constituted and Declared, And by theis presents, 
for vs, our hoires and Successors, Doe Ordeine, Constitute and De- 
clare That they, the said John Winthrop, John Mason, Samuell Wil- 
lis, Henry Clerke, Mathew Allen, John Tappen, Nathan Gold, Rich- 
ard Treate, Richard Lord, Henry Woollcott, John Talcot, Daniell 
Clerke, John Ogden, Thomas Wells, Obadiah Brewen, John Clerke, 
Anthony Hawkins, John Deming and Mathew Camfeild, and all 
such others as now are or hereafter shall bee Admitted and made 
free of the Company and Society of our Collony of Conecticut in 
America, shall from tyme to tyine and for ever hereafter, bee one 
Body Corporate and PoUitique in fact and name, by the Name of 
Governour and Company of the English Collony of Conecticut in 
New England in America; And that by the same name they and 
their Successors shall and may have perpetuall Succession, and 
shall and may bee Persons able and capable in the lavv to Plead and bee 
Impleaded, to Answere and to bee Answered vnto, to Defend and 
bee Defended in all and singuler Suits, Causes, quarrells. Matters, 
Actons and things of what kind or nature soever. And alsoe to have, 
take, possesse, acquire and purchase lands, Tenements or heredita- 
ments, or any goods or Chattells, and the same to Lease, Graunt, 
Demise, Alien, Bargaine, Sell and dispose of, as other our leige Peo- 
ple of this our Realme of England, or any other Corporacjon or Body 
PoUitique within the same may lawfully doe. And further, that 
the said Governour and Company, and their Successors sliall and 
may for ever hereafter have a Comon Seale to serve and vse for all 
Causes, matters, things and affaires whatsoever of them and their 
Successors, and the same Seale to alter, change, breake and make 
new from tyme to tyme att their wills and pleasures, as they shall 
thinke fitt. And further, wee will and Ordeine, and by theis pres- 
ents for vs, our heires and Successors Doe Declare and appoint, 
that for the better ordering and manageing of the afllaires and busi- 
nesse of the said Company and their Successors, there shall bee one 
Governour, one Deputy Governour and Twelve Assistants, to bee 
from tyme to tyme Constituted, Elected and Chosen out of the Free- 
men of the said Company for the tyme being, in such manner and 
forme as hereafter in those presents is expressed ; which said Offi- 
cers shall apply themselves to take care for the best disposeing and 
Ordering of the Generall busines and affaires of and concerning the 
lands and hereditaments herein after men(joned to bee graunted, and 
the Plantac;on thereof and the Government of the People thereof. 
And for the better execu^on of our Royall Pleasure herein, Wee 



CHARTER OF CONNECTICUT. V 

doe for vs, our heires and Successors, Assigne, name, Constitute and 
appoint the aforesaid Joiin Winthrop to bee "■" first and present Gov- 
ernour of the said Company ; And the said John Mason to bee "" 
Deputy Governour ; And the said Samuell Willis, Mathew Allen, 
Nathan Gold, Henry Gierke, Richard Treat, John Ogden, Thomas 
Tappen, John Talcott, Thomas Wells, Henry Woolcot, Richard 
Lord and Daniell Gierke to bee the Twelve present Assistants of the 
said Company ; to contynue in the said severall Offices respectively, 
vntill the second Thursday which shall bee in the Moneth of Octo- 
ber now next comeing. And further, wee will, and by theis pres- 
ents for vs, our heires and Successors, Doe Ordaine and Graunt 
that the Governour of the said Company for the tyme being, or, in 
his absence by occasion of sicknes, or otherwise by his leave or per- 
mission, the Deputy Governour for the tyme being, shall and may 
from tyme to tyme vpon all occasions give Order for the assembling 
of the said Company and calling them together to Consult and advise 
of the businesse and Affaires of the said Company, And that forever 
hereafter. Twice in every yeare, (That is to say,) on every second 
Thursday in October and on every second Thursday in May, or oft- 
ner, in Case it shall be requisite. The Assistants and freemen of 
the said Company, or such of them (not exceeding twoe Persons 
from each place, Towne or Citty) whoe shall bee from tyme to tyme 
therevnto Elected or Deputed by the maior parte of the freemen of 
the respective Townes, Cittyes and Places for which they shall bee 
soe elected or Deputed, shall have a generall meeting or Assembly, 
then and their to Consult and advise in and about the Affaires and 
businesse of the said Company ; And that the Governour, or in his 
absence the Deputy Governour of the said Company for the tyme 
being, and such of the Assistants and freemen of the said Company 
as shall be soe Elected or Def)uted and bee present att such meeting 
or Assembly, or the greatest number of them, whereof the Govern. 
our or Deputy Governour arid Six of the Assistants, at least, to bee 
Seaven, shall be called the Generall Assembly, and shall have full 
power and authority to alter and change their dayes and tymes of 
meeting or Generall Assemblies for Electing the Governour, Deputy 
Governour and Assistants or other Officers, or any other Courts, As- 
semblies or meetings, and to Choose, Nominate and appoint such and 
soe many other Persons as they shall thinke fitt and shall bee will- 
ing to accept the same, to bee free of the said Company and Body 
Politique, and them into the same to Admitt and to Elect, and Con- 
stitute such Officers as they shall thinke fitt and requisite for the 
Ordering, mannageing and disposeing of the Affaires of the said 
Governour and Company and their Successors. And wee doe 
hereby for vs, our heirs and Successors, Establish and Ordeine, 
that once in the yeare, for ever hereafter, namely, the said Second 
Thursday in May, the Governour, Deputy Governour and Assist- 
ants of the said Company and other Officers of the said Company, or 
such of them as the said Generall Assembly shall thinke fitt, shall 
bee, in the said Generall Court and Assembly to bee held from that 
day or tyme, newly Chosen for the yeare ensuing, by such greater 
1* 



6 CHARTER OF CONNECTICUT. 

part of the said Company for the tyme being then and there present. 
And if the Governour, Deputy Governour and Assistants by these 
presents appointed, or such as hereafter bee newly Chosen into their 
Roomes, or any of them, or any other the Officers to be appointed 
for the said Company shall dye or be removed from his or their sev- 
erall Offices or Places before the said Generall day of Elecqon, 
whome wee doe hereby Declare for any misdemeanour or default to 
bee removeable by the Governour, Assistants and Company, or such 
greater part of them in any of the said publique Courts to be Assem- 
bled as is aforesaid, That then and in every such Case itt shall and 
may bee lawfuU to and for the Governour, Deputy Governour and 
Assistants and Company aforesaid, or such greater parte of them soe 
to bee Assembled as is aforesaid in any of their Assemblies, to Pro- 
ceede to a New Elecqon of one or more of their Company in the 
Roome or place, Roomes or Places of such Governour, Deputy Gov- 
ernour, Assistant or other Officer or Officers soe dyeing or removed, 
according to their discretions ; and immediately vpon and after such 
Eleccon or Elec^ons made of such Governour, Deputy Governour, 
Assistant or Assistants, or any other Officer of the said Company in 
manner and forme aforesaid. The Authority, Office and Power be- 
fore given to the former Governour, Deputy Governour or other Of- 
ficer and Officers soe removed, in whose stead and Place new shall 
be chosen, shall as to him and them and every of them respectively 
cease and determine. Provided, alsoe, and our will and pleasure 
is, that as well such as are by theis presents appointed to bee the 
present Governour, Deputy Governour and Assistants of the said 
Company as those that ^'"'" succeed them, and all other Officers to 
bee appointed and Chosen as aforesaid, shall, before they vndertake 
the Execuc^on of their said Offices and Places respectively, take 
their severall and respective Corporall. Oathes for the due and faith- 
full performance of their dutyes in their severall Offices and Places, 
before such Person or Persons as are by these presents hereafter ap- 
poynted to take and receive the same ; That is to say, the said John 
Wintiirop, whoe is herein before nominated and appointed the pres- 
ent Governour of the said Company, shall take the said Oath before 
one or more of the Masters of our Court of Chancery for the tyme 
being, vnto which Master of Chancery wee doc, by theis presents, 
give full power and authority to Administer the said Oath to the said 
John Winthrop accordingly. And the said John Mason, whoe is 
herein before nominated and ap[)oiiit«'d the present Deputy Govern- 
our of the said Company, shall take the said Oath before the said 
John Winthrop, or any twoe of the Assistants of the said Company, 
vnto whomc wc<^ doc by these presents, give full power and au- 
thority to Administer the said Oath to the said John Mason accord- 
ingly. And the said Sanmell Willis, Henry Clerke, Mathcw Al- 
len, John Tappen, Nathan Gold, Richard Treate, Richard Lord, 
Henry Woolcott, Jolin Talcott, Daniell Clerke, John Ogden and 
Thomas Welles, whoe are herein l)efore Nominated and appointed 
the present Assistants of the said Company, shall take the Oath be- 
fore "" said John Winthrop and John Mason, or one of them, to whome 



CHARTER OF CONNECTICUT. 7 

xvee doe hereby give full power and authority to Administer the 
sanne accordingly. And our further will and pleasure is, that all 
and every Governour or Deputy Governour to bee Elected and Cho- 
sen by vertue of theis presents, shall take the said Oath before two 
or more of the Assistants of the said Company for the tyme being, 
vnto whome Wee doe, by theis presents, give full power and author- 
ity to give and Administer the said Oath accordingly ; And the said 
Assistants and every of them, and all and every other Officer or Of- 
ficers to bee hereafter Chosen from tyme to tyme, to take the said 
Oath before the Governour or Deputy Governour for the tyme be- 
ing, vnto which said Governour or Deputy Governour wee doe, by 
theis presents, give full power and authority to Administer the same 
accordingly. And fiirtlicr, of our more ample grace, certeine 
knowledge and meere mo^on wee have given and Graunted, and 
by theis presents, for vs, our heires and Successors, Doe give and 
Graunt vnto the said Governour and Company of the English Colony 
of Conecticut in New England in America, and to every Inhabitant 
there, and to every Person and Persons Tradeing thither. And to ev- 
ery such Person and Persons as are or shall bee free of the said Col- 
lony, full power and authority from tyme to tyme and att all tymes 
hereafter, to take, Ship, Transport and Carry away, for and towards 
the Plantacon and defence of the said Collony such of our loveing 
Subiects and Strangers as shall or will willingly accompany them 
in and to their said Collony and Plantacon ; (Except such Person 
and Persons as are or shall bee therein restrayned by vs, our heires 
and Successors ;) And alsoe to Ship and Transport all and all man- 
ner of goods, Chattells, Merchandizes and other things whatsoever 
that are or shall bee vsefull or necessary for the Inhabitants of the 
said Collony and may lawfully bee Transported thither ; Neverthe- 
lesse, not to bee discharged of payment to vs, our heires and Suc- 
cessors, of the Dutyes, Customes and Subsidies which are or ought 
to bee paid or payable for the same. And further, Our will and 
pleasure is, and wee doe for vs, our heires and Successors, Or- 
deyne, Declare and Graunt vnto the said Governor and Company 
and their Successors, That all and every the Subiects of vs, our 
heires or Successors which shall goe to Inhabite within the said Col- 
ony, and every of their Children which shall happen to bee borne 
there or on the Sea in goeing thither or returneing from thence, shall 
have and enioye all liberties and Immunities of free and naturall Sub- 
iects within any the Dominions of vs, our heires or Successors, to all 
intents, Construc(^ons and purposes watsoever, as if they and every of 
them were borne within the Realme of England. And wee doe 
authorise and impower the Governour, or in his absence the Deputy 
Governor for the tyme being, to appointe two or more of the said 
Assistants att any of their Courts or Assemblyes to bee held as afore- 
said, to have power and authority to Administer the Oath of Suprem- 
acy and obedience to all and every Person and Persons which shall 
att any tyme or tymes hereafter goe or passe into the said Colony of 
Conecticutt, vnto which said Assistants soe to bee appointed as afore- 
said, wee doe, by these presents, give full power and authority to 



8 CHARTER OF CONNECTICUT. 

Administer the said Oath accordingly. Aod wee doe further, 

of our especiall grace, certeine knowledge and meere mo^on, give 
and Graunt vnto the said Governor and Company of the English 
Colony of Conecticutt in New England in America, and their Suc- 
cessors, that itt shall and may bee lawfuU to and for the Governor 
or Deputy Governor and such of the Assistants of the said Company 
for the tyme being as shall bee Assembled in any of the Generall 
Courts aforesaid, or in any Courts to bee especially Sumoned or As- 
sembled for that purpose, or the greater parte of them, whereof the 
Governor or Deputy Governor and Six of the Assistants to bee all 
wayes Seaven, to Erect and make such Judicatories for the heareing 
and Determining of all Acqons, Causes, matters and thinges happen- 
ing within the said Colony or Plantaqon and which shall bee in dis- 
pute and depending there, as they shall thinke fitt and convenient ; 
And alsoe from tyme to tyme to Make, Ordaine and Establish All 
manner of wholsome and reasonable Lawes, Statutes, Ordinances, 
Direc^ons and Instrucqons, not contrary to the lawes of this Realme 
of England, as well for selling the formes and Ceremonies of Gov- 
ernement and Magestracy fitt and necessary for the said Planta^on 
and the Inhabitants there as for nameing and Stileing all sorts of Of- 
ficers, both superior and inferior, which they shall find needfull for 
the Governement and Plantation of the said Colony, and the distin- 
guishing and setting forth of the severall Dutyes, Powers and Lym- 
itts of every such Office and Place, and the formes of such Oathes, 
not being contrary to the Lawes and Statutes of this our Realme of 
England, to bee Administred for the Execuqon of the said severall 
Offices and Places ; As alsoe for the disposeing and ordering of the 
Eleccon of f.uch of the said OfKcers as are to bee Annually Chosen, 
and of such others as shall succeed in case of death or removall, 
and Administring the said Oath to the new Elected Officers, and 
Graunting necessary Comissions, and for imposition of lawful! Fines, 
Mulcts, Imprisonment or other Punishment vpon Offenders and De- 
linquents, according to the Course of other Corporacons within this 
our Kingdome of England, and the same Lawes, fines, Mulcts and 
Execucons to alter, change, revoke, adnull, release or Pardon, vnder 
their Comon Scale, As by the said Generall Assembly or the maior 
part of them shall bee tiiouglit fitt ; and for the directing, ruleing 
and disposeing of all otiier matters and things whereby our said peo- 
ple, Inhabitants there, may bee soe religiously, peaceably and civilly 
Governed as their good life and orderly Conversa^on may wynn and 
invite the Natives of the Country to the knowledge and obedience of 
the oncly true God and Saviour of mankind, and the Christian faith, 
which in our Iloyall intentions and the Adventurers free profession 
is the onely and principall end of this Plantation ; Willing-, Com- 
manding and requiroing, and by these presents, for vs, our heires 
and Successors, Ordaineing and appoiuteing, That all such Lawes, 
Statutes and Ordinances, Instructions, Impositions and Directions as 
shall bee soe matle by the Governor, Deputy Governor and Assist- 
ants, as aforesaid, and publislicd in writeing vnder their Comon 
Scale, shall carefully and duely bee observed, kept, performed and 



CHARTER OP CONNECTICUT. » 

putt in execu^on, according to the true intent and meaning of the 
same. And these our letters Patents, or the Duplicate or Exempli- 
fication thereof, shall bee to all and every such Officers, Superiors 
and inferiors, from tyme to tyme, for the Putting of the same Orders, 
Lawes, Statutes, Ordinances, Instruc^ons and Direccjons in due Ex- 
ecu^on, against vs, our heires and Successors, a sufficient warrant 
and discharge. And wee doe further, for vs, our heires and 
Successors, give and Graunt vnto the said Governor and Company 
and their Successors, by these presents. That itt shall and may bee 
lawfull to and for the Cheife Commanders, Governors and Officers 
of the said Company for the tyme being whoe shall bee resident in 
the parts of New England hereafter menqoned, and others inhabit- 
ing there by their leave, admittance, appointment or direcqon, from 
tyme to tyme and at all tymes hereafter, for their speciall defence 
and safety, to Assemble, Martiall, Array and putt in Warlike pos- 
ture the Inhabitants of the said Colony, and to Commissionate, Im- 
power and authorise such Person or Persons as they shall thinke fitt 
to lead and Conduct the said Inhabitants, and to encounter, expulse, 
repell and resist by force of Armes, as well by Sea as by land. And 
alsoe to kill. Slay and destroy, by all fitting wayes, enterprizes and 
meanes whatsoever, all and every such Person or Persons as shall 
att any tyme hereafter Attempt or enterprize the distrucqon, inva- 
sion, detriment or annoyance of the said Inhabitants or PlantaQon, 
And to vse and exercise the Law Martiall, in such Cases onely as 
occasion shall require, And to take or surprize by all wayes and 
meanes whatsoever, all and every such Person and Persons, with 
their Shipps, Armour, Ammunicon and other goods of such as shall 
in such hostile manner invade or attempt the defeating of the said 
PlantaQon or the hurt of the said Company and Inhabitants ; and vp- 
on iust Causes to invade and destroy the Natives or other Enemyes 
of the said Colony. Neverthelesse, Our Will and pleasure is, 
And wee doc hereby Declare vnto all Christian Kings, Princes 
and States, That if any Persons which shall hereafter bee of the 
said Company or Plantaqon, or any other, by appointment of the 
said Governor and Company for the tyme being, shall att any tyme 
or tymes hereafter Robb or Spoile by Sea or by land, and doe any 
hurt, violence or vnlawfuU hostillity to any of the Subiects of vs, 
our heires or Successors, or any of the Subiects of any Prince or 
State beinge then in league with vs, our heires or Successors, vpon 
Complaint of such iniury done to any such Prince or State, or their 
Subiects, wee, our heires and Successors, will make open Procla- 
macon within any parts of our Realme of England fitt for that pur- 
pose. That the Person or Persons commitinge any such Robbery or 
Spoile, shall within the tyme lymitted by such Proclama^on, make 
full restitu^on or satisfac^on of all such iniuries done or committed, 
Soe as the said Prince or others see complayneing may bee fully 
satisfied and contented. And if the said Person or Persons whoe 
shall committ any such Robbery or Spoile shall not make satisfacqon 
accordingly, within such tyme soe to bee limitted, That then itt 
shall and may bee lawfull for vs, our heires and Successors, to putt 



10 CHARTER OF CONNECTICUT. 

such Person or Persons out of our Allegiance and Protec^on ; And 
that it shall and may be lawfull and free for all Princes or others to 
Prosecute with hostility such Offenders and every of them, their and 
every of their Procurers, ayders, Abettors and Councellors in that 
behalfe. Provided^ alsoe, and our express will and pleasure is, 
And wee doe by these presents for vs, our heires and Successors, 
Ordeyne and appointe that these presents shall not in any manner 
hinder any of our loveing Subiects whatsoever to vse and exercise 
the Trade of Fishinge vpon the Coast of New England in America, 
but they and every or any of them shall have full and free power and 
liberty to contynue and vse the said Trade of Fishing vpon the said 
Coast, in any of the Seas therevnto adioyning, or any Armes of the 
Seas or Salt Water Rivers where they have byn accustomed to Fish, 
And to build and sett vpcn the wast land belonging to the said Col- 
ony of Conecticutt, such Wharfes, Stages and workehouses as shall 
bee necessary for the Salting, dryeing and keepeing of their Fish to 
bee taken or gotten vpon that Coast, any thinge in these presents 
conteyned to the contrary notwithstanding. And Kno'%ve yee 
further, That Wee, of our more abundant grace, certaine knowl- 
edge and meere moqon have given, Graunted and Confirmed, And 
by theis presents, for vs, our heires and Successors, Doe give, 
Graunt and Confirme vnto the said Governor and Company and their 
Successors, All that parte of our Dominions in Newe England in 
America bounded on the East by Norrogancett River, comonly call- 
ed Norrogancett Bay, where the said River falleth into the Sea, and 
on the North by the lyne of the Massachusetts Plantation, and on the 
South by the Sea, and in longitude as the lyne of the Massachusetts 
Colony, runinge from East to West, (that is to say,) from the said 
Narrogancett Bay on the East to the South Sea on the West parte, 
with the Islands therevnto adioyneinge. Together with all firme 
lands, Soyles, Grounds, Havens, Ports, Rivers, Waters, Fishings, 
Mynes, Mynerals, Precious Stones, Quarries, and all and singular 
other Comodities, lurisdicqons. Royalties, Priviledges, Francheses, 
Preheminences and liereditaments whatsoever within the said Tract, 
Bounds, lands and Islands aforesaid, or to them or any of them be- 
longing. To have an<l to hold tiie same vnto tiie said Governor 
and Company, their Successors and Assignes, for ever vpon Trust 
and for the vse and benefitt of themselves and their Associates, free- 
men of the said Colony, their heires and Assignes, To bee holden 
of vs, our iieires aiid Successors, as of our Mannor of East Greene- 
wich, in Fret; and Comon Soccage, and not in Capite nor by Knights 
Service;, Yeildinjf and Payinj^e therefore, to vs, our iieircsand 
Successors, onely tlie Fiftli parte of all the Oaro of Gold and Silver 
which from tynie to tyme and att all tymcs hereafter shall bee there 
gotten, had or obteyned, in Hew of all Services, Dutyes and De- 
maunds whatsoever, to bee to vs, our heires or Successors, there- 
fore or thereout rendered, made or paid. And lastly, Wee doe 
for vs, our heires and Successors, Graunt to the said Governor and 
Company and their Successors, by these presents, that these our 
Letters Patent shall be firnie, good and ('ir{ cluall in the lawe to all 



CHARTER OP CONNECTICUT. 11 

intents, Construccons and purposes whatsoever, according to our true 
intent and meaneing herein before Declared, as shall bee Construed, 
reputed and adiudged most favourable on the behalfe and for the 
best benefitt and behoofe of the said Governor and Company and 
their Successors, Alllioug^li Expresse men^on of the true 
yearely value or certeinty of the premises, or of any of them, or of 
any other Guifts or Graunts by vs or by any of our Progenitors or 
Predecessors heretofore made to the said Governor and Company of 
the English Colony of Conecticutt in New England in America 
aforesaid in theis presents is not made, or '"^ Statute, Act, Ordinance, 
Provision, Proclama^on or Restricqon heretofore had, made, Enact- 
ed, Ordeyned or Provided, or any other matter. Cause or thinge 
whatsoever to the contrary thereof in any wise notwithstanding. 
In witnes whereof, wee have caused these our Letters to bee made 
Patent : Witnes our Selfe, att Westminster, the three and Twen- 
tieth day of Aprill, in the Fowerteenth yeare of our Reigne. 

By writt of Privy Scale. HoTvard. 



THE PUBLIC RECORDS 

OF THE 

COLONY OF COINECTICUT. 

[volume II.] 

[206] At a Gen^' Assembly for Election held at Hart- 
ford, MAY 11 : '65. 

These were elected by the freemen : 

John Winthrop Esq"", Gouerno^. 
John Mason Esq^, D, GouernJ". 

Assistants. 
Mathew Allyn Esq. Lt. James Richards 

Samii Willys Esq. Mr. William Leet 

Mr. Nathan Gold Mr. William Joanes 

Capt. John Talcot, et Treasu''. Mr. Beniamin Fenn 
Mr. Henry Woolcot Mr. Jasper Crane. 

Lt. John Allyn Secretary. 

Mr. Samii Sherman Capt. Daniell Clark. 

Deputies for ij Genl'- Session. 

Mr. William Wadsworth, Mr. Joseph Fitch, 

Capt. Beniamin Newberry, Jo: Moore, 

Capt. Jo: Nash, Mr. James Bishop, 

Mr. Thomas Pell, John Banks, 

Samii Boreman, Samii Hall, 

John Clarke, Thomas Welch, 

Joseph Judson, Phillip Groue, 

James Avery, James Morgan, 

Lt. Samii Swaine, Lawrence Ward, 
2 



14 PUBLIC RECORDS OF THE 

Nathanii White, SamU Stockin, 
George Bartlet, John Fowler, 
Thomas ]VEnor, Sam^i Chesborough, 
Mr. Anthony Howkins, John Standly, 
Mr, Campfield, John Gregory, 
Peter Disborough, Francis Brown, 
Robert Vsher, Mr. Robert Chapman, 

Hugh Caulkin, 

Willm Waller, Francis Griswold. 
The freemen referred the choice of ye Comissioners for y® 
yeare ensueing to y^ Gen^i Court. 

This Court doth remit the fine formerly imposed upon y^ 
Constable at Norwich, John Olmstid, for his neglect respect- 
ing his Acco's about ye Countrey Leuy, and doe order the 
said Olmsted to pay 80s. to y^ Publ: Treasury. 

Mr. Thomas Fitch is confirmed Ensigne to ye Train Band 
at Norwalk. 

Mr. Samuell Wells is chosen Comissioner for and within 

the Plantation of Wethersfield, for y^ yeare ensueing, and is 

invested w^h magestraticall power within the said Plantation. 

Mr. Waitstil Winthrop is confirmed Captaine to y^ Train 

Band at New London. 

[207] This Court desires and appoints Mr. Samuell Willis, 
Mr. James Richards, Lt. Sam^i Wells and Samuell Boreman 
to issue the present difference between the inhabitants at 
Middle Town and the Indians dwelling by the said Towne ; 
and also to settle the bounds of what land they shal see cause 
in an equitable way to allow to the said Indians at Middle 
Town. Any three of the abouesaid Gent: have power to 
issue, provided Mr. Willys be one. 

Mr. Lawes is chosen Coinission'" and invested with mages- 
traticall power in the townes of Stanford, Greenwich and 
Rye, and alsoe to assist in the execution of justice in the 
Courts at Fairfield and Stratford. 

Jonathan Sellick is approued for Ordnary keeper at Stan- 
ford. 

The Court for the present sees cause to defer y^ adminis- 
tring the freeman's Oath to Thomas Stephens, Wm. Steuens, 



COLONY OF CONNECTICUT. 15 

John Shether, Georg Chatfield, and John Meggs Jun^", vntil 
some farther opertunity. 

Willm Lord, Abraham Post, William Ward, and John 
Rescoe are fined 30s. p^ person respectiuely to y^ Publ: 
Treasury, for neglecting to make vp accot^ w'h ye Treasurer. 

This Court declare that it is their full sense and determin- 
ation that such persons as are or hereafter shalbe approued 
to be freemen of this Corporation shal take ye Oath that is 
already established vpon record to be administred to y^ re- 
spectiue freemen : And further, that all such as shal refuse to 
take the said oath, though otherwise approued p''sons yet 
shal not pi^take of the privilidges of those that have bene 
formally incorporated into this civil society, vntil y said 
Oath be administred vnto them : Provided that this order 
includes not either freemen formerly admitted and sworne or 
Assistants and Comissioners that haue taken their corporal 
oaths or Deputies that haue bene accepted into y^ Gen^i As- 
sembly to assist in ye concernments of this corporation. 
[208] This Court hath remitted the custome of Mr. Samuell 
Collins his goods which he hath ah-eady landed in this Colo- 
ny, in consideration of his late loss. 

The Treasurer together with the Deputies of Hartford are 
impowred to farme out ye Customes that are to be receaued 
by the Customasters in y" respectiue plantations in this 
Colony. 

It is ordered, that the Villages of Hastings & Rye shalbe 
for the future conioyned and make one Plantation, and that 
it shalbe called by the appellation of Rye ;* and Mr. Gold, 

• The Royal Commissioners appointed for settling tlie bounds between the Duke of York's 
Patent and the Colony of Connecticut, declared (Nov. 30th, ]664) "the creek or river called 
Momoronock, which is reputed to be about twelve miles to the east of West Chester, and a line 
drawn from the east point or side where the fresh water fulls into the salt at high water marke, 
north north west to the line of the Massachusetts," to be the western bounds of Connecticut. 
[Copy, in Col. Boundaries, II. Doc. 22.] 

By this decision, the villages of Rye and Hastings were included within the Colony of Con- 
necticut; under whose jurisdiction they remained until 1683, when, by the terms of an agree- 
ment between the agents of the two colonies for the determination of their bounds, a new line 
was estabUshed, and the township of Rye was re-annexed to New York. 

The lands comprising this township had been purchased from the Indian proprietors in 
1660, '61 and '62, by Peter Disbrow, John Coe, Thomas Studwell and John Budd ; and were 
conveyed, April 28, 1663, by these four original proprietors, to Samuel Allen, Richard Lowe 



16 PUBLIC RECORDS OF THE 

Mr. Lawes and John Banks or any two of them are desired 
and appointed to take paines to goe down to settle and issue 
such differences as may be disturbeing to ye inhabitants of 
those Villages of Hastings & Rye ; and to see y^ line betwixt 
Stanford and Greenwich run. 

]Mr. Willis, Mr. Leet, Capt. Nash and Mr. Chapman or 
any three of them are chosen a coniittee to hear y" matt"^ re- 
spectinge Vncos his complaints, and to make report to y^ 
Court what they conceiue in those matters. 

This Court remits six pounds of y^ fine imposed on James 
Enno by the Magestrates, he undertakeing before them to 
answer the law for his wiues selling cider to y^ Indians. 

Concerning the fine of y^ son of Ann Phillips formerly 
White, of Southampton, this Court doth hereby declare that 
in case he pay 30 X. readily and \villingly, it shalbe accepted 
for satisfaction, otherwise the whole sum wilbe expected. 

Capt. John Talcot and Mr. John Allyn are impowred to 
make vp accounts w'l' Capt. John Yong respecting his de-, 
mands from y^ Countrey, and Capt. John Yong is desired 
and impo-VNTed to make sale in an orderly and legal way of 
that land upon Long Island that is bound ouer to this Court 
to answer Capt. Scot's* fine imposed on him for his misde- 
meanour formerly, and Capt. Yong is desired to sel y^ land 
for currant pay and to return y^ same according to y^ Treas- 
tu*ers order. 
[209] Mr. Thomas Stanton and Thomas Minor are desired 

and five other planters. [Kye Records, Lib. A., cited in Bolton's Hist, of Westchester Co , D. 
19.] The village of Hastings was sctlled in 16C0 or 'O, by planters formerly residing at Mid- 
dleborough, L. Island, — on an island near Rye Port harbor, called by the Indians, Minnewies or 
^!inUHsing, which was purchased by Disbrow, Coe and Studwell, June 29, ICOO. [Bolton'l 
Westchester Co., Vol. II.] 

* Copt. John Scott, of Southhnld, L. Island, was apprehended and brought to Hartford for 
trial, in May, 1064. He was charged with " usurping the authority of the King, in tendering 
to pardo'n Treason, as Scott called the crime, (for bribes.) 2dly, for words tending to the de- 
famation of the King's Majesty, tc." [See C. Rec. I. 421 ] The Particular Court, May 24th, 
1064, found him guilty of the several charges, (ten in number,) and sentenced him to pay a 
fine of je250, to continue in prison during the Court's pleasure, and to find security for bis 
good behavior, in the sum of X.'iOO ; degrading him from his office of Commissioner on Long 
Island, and disfranchising him. The General Court, May, 1604, sequestered all Capt. Scott's 
estate within the limits of the Colony ; and the sequestration was not removed until security 
was obtained for the payment of the fine. [Rec. of P. Court, iii. 16, 17,] 



COLONY OF CONNECTICUT. 17 

and impowred to examine the matter respecting Herman 
Garrets complaint agaynst Capt. George Denison and to take 
the testimonies referring to that case. And if Capt. Denison 
doe not issue with y^ Indian to his content and satisfaction, 
the forenamed Mr. Stanton and Th: Minor are to summon 
the said Garret and Denison to appeare at y^ Quarter Court 
in June next, to be held at Hartford and to send vp all the 
evidences ynd"" safe custody to y Court. 

Mr. Thomas Stanton, Thomas Minor, Ens. Avery, Mr. 
Bruen, Mr. Chapman, are chosen Com^^ for and within their 
respectiue townes where they inhabit; and any three of them 
w-th ye Dep: Gou^n"^ are hereby impowred to keep Court at 
N. London twice this pJ'sent yeare, that is to say on ye third 
Wednesday in June and on y^ 3d Wednesday in November. 

Vpon ye motion and desire of ye people of GreenMdch this 
Court doth declare that Greenwich shalbe a Township intire 
of itself, provided they procure and mainteine an orthodox 
minister ; and in the mean time and vntil y* be effected they 
are to attend ye ministry at Stanford and to contribute pro- 
portionably w''^ Stanford to ye maintenance of the ministrey 
there. 

Mr. Samuell Wells is confirmed in the place and office of 
a Lieutenant to ye Train Band at Wethersfield ; and Wil- 
liam Goodrich, Ensigne. 

James Avery is confirmed Lieutenant to ye Train Band at 
N: London, and Gabriell Harris Ensigne to ye said Train 
Band. 

John Clarke and Thomas Welch are chosen Coirf^ for and 
within ye Plantation of Milford, who are invested w^h Mag- 
estraticall power. And they, w'^^ ye Assistant are impowred 
to keep Court in y' Towne and to try and issue controuersall 
cases vndf ye sum of Twenty pounds, calling a Jury to issue 
actions amounting to 40^. and vpwards. And if either party 
be vnsatisfied w'h ye judgment of yt Court they may appeale 
to ye Courte at Hartford. And if ye Towne see cause to 
chuse two selectmen to ioyne w^Ji ye Assistant and Comis- 
[210] sioners, they j| shal have power to assist in keepeing 
Court, haueing an Oath administrcd vnto them ; w^'^ said 
2* 



18 



PUBLIC RECORDS OF THE 



Court hath power to impose fines for breach of ye orders of 
this Colony, to y^ sura of fiue pounds, liberty of appeale 
being reserued according to former order. 

Thomas Welch, sworn freeman. 

JVIr. Sherman is desired to administer y^ Assistants oath 
to Mr. William Joanes who is chosen to that place and office. 

]VIr. Gilbert, Capt. Nash and Mr. James Bishop are chosen 
to ye office of Corn's for and w'^in y^ plantation of New 
Hauen, and in case they accept to take ye freeman's Oath 
and their corporal oaths they are impowred w'^^ y^ Assistant 
to keep a Town Court and haue power to act according as 
was granted to Milford. 

Mr. Sherman and Mr. John Allyn are desired to goe downe 
to New Haven, Branford, Guilford and Milford, and im- 
powred to administer the freeman's oath to al those that were 
formerly freemen there, or to so many of them as wil accept 
of it, and to as many others as by sufficient evidence they 
iudg quallified according to law. And to take ye names of 
such as are sworn in a list in each Towne. 

Mr. Rob' Kitchel and Georg Hubberd are chosen Com's 
for the towne of Guilford, and are invested w^h magestraticall 
power, they taking their oaths, the one of freeman and both 
of Com's ; to assist in keeping Court at Guilford according 
as was granted to Milford ; and the Towne of Guilford haue 
hereby power to choose one or two selectmen to assist in 
their Court. 

Lt. Samuell Swaine, Lawrenc Ward and John Milford* 
are chosen Com^s for ye town of Branford, to assist in keep- 
ing a Town Court, they taking ye Oath of Freemen and 
Com'", according as was granted to Milford. 

The Gouerno'" and Wm. Leet Esq"" were chosen Com" for 
this yeare, and Mr. Mathew Allyn a reserue. 

Thomas Burnam is re-admitted to his freedom. 

This Court orders that if there be discouered anycomodity 
that may be of use for y° Countrey for bringing in a supply 
of goods from forreigne parts, that is not as yet of vse or 



Probably, an error of the recorder, for fVUford. 



• COLONY OF CONNECTICUT. 19 

raised amongst vs, he yt discouers it shal haue y^ benefit 
thereof. And ye comodity shalbe regulated according to ye 
mind of y« Court, and due incouragem' shalbe granted to y^ 
adventurers herein. 

[211] These were admitted freemen and sworne : Dan^^ 
Swaine, Daniell Rose, Wm. Corbet, Wm. Morrice, Wm. 
Warren, Caleb Standley, Mr. Jo: Whiting, Abrah: Post, Mr. 
Jos: Willard, David Atwater, John Parmely, John Stream, 
John Lane, Andrew Benton. 

The 2d Wednesday in June appointed to bee kept a pub- 
lique fast, for severall weighty considerations. 

The Court adiournes vntil ye Gouernor or Dep. Gouernor 
call it agayne. 



At a Gen'I Session held at Hartford, called by the 
GouERNo^, July 6: '65. 

Magestrates. This Court vndrstanding 

John Winthrop Esq. Go: that the Amies in the respectiue 
John Mason Esq. Dep: Go: plantations are deficient, and 
Wm. Leet Esq. that it proues difficult to pro- 

Capt. John Talcot cure them to be repayred, doe 

Mr. Henry Woolcot therfore herby order and im- 

Lt. John Allyn powi-e the Assistants or Com- 

Lt. James Richards issioners in the respectiue plan- 

Mr. Fenn tations where any Gunsmith or 

Mr. Crane. any other fit to doe such worke 

Secretary^ Dan^i Clark. doth inhabit, vpon iust com- 

Depiities. plaint of any souldier or inhab- 

Twenty-two of those that itant in this Colony, to grant, 

mett at May Session. order and to require the said 

smiths, in their said townships, for a rational consideration 
for their time and paynes, to be presently paid vpon the re- 
paire of the deficient Armes, forthwith to doe what is requisit 
to be done for fitting the Armes sent to them. 

It is further ordered that each inhabitant in this corpora- 
tion that according to order is to provide and keep Armes, 



20 PUBLIC RECORDS OF THE 

shal provide four pounds of bullets and one pound of powder; 
and that this shalbe in readines at all times ; and that the 
cheif military officers in each towne shal haue power by 
themselues either by requireing the souldiers to appeare at a 
time and place appointed w'^ their Amies and amunition, 
or by sending forth the clarke to veiw the said armes and 
amunition : And in case they find defect in either, the person 
[212] defectiue shal pay to ye vse of y" company to w^h he 
belongs 5s. for every such defect, vnles according to former 
order he carry in pay to the Clarke of ye band to procure 
what he is wanting in. 

The selectmen in the respectiue Townes are desired and 
appointed to haue inspection to see that y^ provision of 
ainunition be attended in their towneships according to order 
wt^out delay : And the Deputies chosen to attend the Generall 
Assembly in October next shal at that session, and soe yearly 
at Octobr session, bring certificates vnder the hands of the se- 
lectmen of ye townes to w^h yy doe apperteine that ye said 
order is duly attended and obserued in their towne. And if 
any towne be deficient in their proportion of powder or lead 
etc., that said towne shal pay as a forfeit fine pounds to ye 
publ: treasury. And if the towne be not deficient and the 
selectmen shal neglect to send certificates vndi" their hands 
by their Deps or some other, the said selectmen that are 
delinqt shal forfeit fifty shillings to ye publ: treasury for each 
neglect herein. 

Simon Woolcot is added to ye comittee at "Windsor for 
the dispose of Mussaco lands.* 

Nathan^i "White, Samii Boreman and Sam^i Boremanf are 
desired to veiw a tract of land that Goodman Higby hath 
petitioned for to ye Court, and to make report to ye Court at 
Octob"" Session what they find it to bee. 

This Court declares that they see noe cause to repeale or to 
take of ye file that law which hath bene longe established by 

•This commiltee, consisting of Capt. licnj. Newbery, Edward Griswold and John Moore, was 
appoinied by the Court, March, 1GC3, to lay out the undiv dcd lands at Mussaco, (Simsbury,) 
" to such inhabitants in Windsor as desire and need it." [Col. Kcc. I. 397.] 

t So in the original. 



COLONY OF CONNECTICUT. 



21 



the Gouerment of this Colony, respecting the punishment in- 
flicted vpon the crime of Adultery. 

This Court haueing by his Ma^'es order bene informed 
that De Ruiter* is likely to assault his Mamies Colonies in 
these parts of the world and that it is his royall pleasure that 
his subiects here should put themselves in a posture of de- 
fence agaynst the comon adversary, In pursuance thereof, 
doe order that each plantat" in this Colony should consid"" 
of some way for the discouery of the approach of the enemy : 
And that vpon the discovery of the enemy they presently 
giue notice thereof to y^ Comittee appointed by the Court, 
who are to act therein according to the power comitted to 
them by this Assembly. The Comittees are Maior Mason, 
Ens: Avery, Thomas Minor, Rob^ Chapman, or any three of 
[213] them, from Southerton to Guilford; Mr. Leet, Mr. 
Fenn, Mi*. Crane, Mr. Treat, Mr. Briant & Capt. Nash, or 
any three of them, from Guilford to Stratford ; Mr. Gould, 
Mr. Sherman, IVIr. Campfield, Ens: Judson, Mr. Lawes, Lt. 
Olmsted or any three of them, from Stratford to Rye : and 
the Gouerno"" and Magestrates for ye Riuer, or y^ maior part 
of the Magestrates in the Gouern'"s absenc. W^h said Comit- 
tees being mett in their respectiue limits are hereby impowred 
to order and appoint how and in what way the order estab- 
lished for aid and reliefe in such cases may be effectually 
attended. 

Mr. Robert Treat is established Capt: of the Traine Band 
at Milford. 

This Court doe order the Ensigne and sergeants of the 
said towne, vidz : Ens: Briant, Sergeants Tibbals, Bucking- 
ha[m] and Streame, to remaine in and exercise the places 
and offices that they were formerly setled in, in the Traine 
Band. 

•War with the States General was formally proclaimed at London, on the 22d of February, 
Gov. Nicolls received intelligence of it in June, by a letter from the Lord Chancellor (Claren- 
don,) and was informed that De Ruyter, the Dutch admiral, with a considerable force, had orders 
to visit New York. The northern colonies were alarmed at the anticipated approach of so 
formidable an enemy, and commenced preparations for defence. The admiral was diverted 
from his enterprise, — probably, by the urgent need of his services nearer home, — and New 
York remained in the peaceable possession of the English until the treaty of Breda put an end 
to the war, in 1667. [Eapin, II. 638 ; Smith's Hist, of N. York, L 37.] 



22 



PUBLIC RECORDS OF THE 



George Bartlet beinge presented as chosen to ye place and 
office of a Leiuetenant to ye Train Band at Guilford, Sam- 
uell Kitchel for Ensigne, John Fowler, Will'« Johnson and 
Will'" Se^Yard for Sergeants, all of them are by the Court of 
Assistants established in their respectiue offices. 

Thomas Minord* is appointed chiefe military officer for 
the Train Band at Mistick, vntil there be a choice made by 
that company and a further establishment by the Court. 

This Court see reason to alter the fornix order respecting 
those who were appointed to keep Court at N: London : And 
doe now desire and appoint the Dep: Gou"", Major Mason, 
Mr. Leet, Mr. John AUyn and Mr. Bruen to keep Court at 
N: London the 2d Wednesday in Noi^^i^ext, and haue liberty 
to attend the seruice as occasion p^^sents : and the former 
limitation to two dales is taken of, provided the Countrey is 
to be freed totally of the expence of keeping this Court except 
the costs of the Magestrats journey. Mr. Samuell Willys 
and Mr. Fenn are added to ye other Gent: Octobr 12: '62, 
pr Curiam.f 

This Court doth request and impowre Mr. John Allyn and 
Mr. Sherman to take paines once againe, twixt this and next 
October, to attend the former order J of the Court in admin- 
istring the Oath of Freedom to such as are approued to be 
freemen or such as they shal approue & accept of according 
to former order, wt^in the plantations of N: Haven and Bran- 
ford, and to attend the p^ticulars therein ordered. 
[214] Mr. Leet, Mr. Phen or Mr. Crane, any one of them 
are desired and appointed to administer the Oath of Assist- 
ant to Mr. Jones, and y" oath of Comissionrs to Mr. Gilbert, 
Capt. Nash and Mr. Bishop. 

This Court doth confirme these as officers to ye Traine 
Band at N: Hauen, as follow ; John Nash Cap*, Thomas 

• Thomas Minor. 

t The last sentence appears to have been inserted out of its proper place, by the Recorder ; 
and should perhaps be transposed to the end of the paragraph next following. 

i Mr. t-horrnan and Secretary Allyn were appointed by the Court, Oct. 13th, 1664, to go to 
the several towns of the New Haven Colony, to admit freemen and administer the oath to aa 
many "as they shall by suflicient testimony finde quallified," &.c. [C. R. 437.J 



COLONY OF CONNECTICUT. 



23 



Munson Li, Nathaneel Merriman, Samii Whitehead, Roger 
Allyn, James Bishop, Sergeants. 



At a General Session 

John Winthrop Esq. Go 
Major Mason, D: Go: 

Assistants. 
Mr. Mathew Allyn 
Mr. Sam" WiUis 
Mr. "Willm Leet 
Capt. John Talcot 
Mr. Henry Woolcot 
Mr. John Allyn 
Mr. Wm Jones 
Mr. Benj: Fenn 
Mr. Sam^i Sherman 
Mr. Henry Crane. 

Sec'y. 
Dan" Clarke. 

Deputies. 
Mr. Wadsworth 
Mr. Fitch 
Capt. Nubery 
John Moore 
Capt. Treat 
John Clarke 
Mr. Bishop 
John Cooper 



held at Hartford, OcTOBr 12: 65. 

u"". Mr. Edward Palmes ap- 

peales to this Court in a case 
tried at N: London Court, for 
being ouerlisted by James 
Rogers & Cary Latham, wher- 
by his estate is destreined and 
his name traduced to 50<£. 
damadge. 

John Winthrop Esq. ap- 
peales to this Court in a case 
tried at y^ Perticuler Court 
in May last depending be- 
tween the said John Winthrop 
and James Rogers respecting 
breach of covenant to the for- 
feiture thereof* 

Mr. William Leet appealeth 
to this Court for a hearing 
and determination about those 
cases that have bene depending 
betweene Mr. Brian Rosseter 
agst ye gd Mr. Leet, in May 
Court, and at a Court in July 
held at Hartford.f 



* See Rec. of Part. Court, III, 26, 30, 31. 

t" At a Particuler Court called by order from the Gouernr, Hartford, July 13th, '65: Mr. 
Brian Rosseter Pl'f contra Mr. Wm. Leet and Wm. Seward Defts, in an action of the case re- 
specting damadge to ye sum of three hundred pounds, pi'pounded in a case of molestation in an 
hostile manner done to y= said Mr. Rosseter already found by tlie Jury and Court and y^ damadge 
not agreed on. In this action the Jury return they cannot agree on a verdict. 

'' In refference to a spetial verdict the Magestrates and Jury being mett together, there vcaB 
nine that voted for XI 50 damraadge. Court and Jury was nineteene. 

" The case not being issued it is referred to be issued by the Generall Court at y« Session in 
October next." [Rec. of Part. Court, III. 38.] 



24 



PUBLIC RECORDS OF THE 



Ml". James Bishop is by this 
Court ioyned to y^ former 
Comittee for y^ hearing and 
\ considering Vncos his comp^ts^ 
in ye room and stead of Capt. 
John Nash. 

Capt. George Denison being 
bound ouer for his appearance 
at this Court and being three 
times called did not appears 
and soe forfeited his bond en- 
tred in the Court at N: Lon- 
don. 

This Court vpon the peti- 
tion of y*' Inhabitants of Pau- 
gasuck* doe declare that they 
are willing to afford the best 
incouridgment they can to pro- 
mote a Plantat: there ; and if 
there doe a sufficient numb"" 
appeare betwixt this & Octob'' 
next that wil engage to make 
a Plantation there, to mantein 
an orthodox minister among 
[215] them, that they may be || in a capable way to enioy 
the ordnances of God and Civil Order amongst themselues, 
then the Court wilbe ready to confer such privilidges as may 
be for their comfort soe they doe not preiudice the town of 
Milford or N: Haven in their comons. Further this Court 
doth [or(/er] that the said inhabitants shal not impropriate 
any more lands to themselues then at present they doe im- 
proue, vntil there is such a number as wil engage to this 
Court to attend the former proposall. 

Respecting Mr. Palmes his appeale this Court doth estab- 
lish the issue of N: London Court, respect: Mr. Palmes and 
ye list makers. 

This Court remits lOX of the recognisance of 20£ y' 



Mr. Hill 
John Banks 
IVIr. Campfield 
IVIr. Howkins 
Lt. Olmstead 
Wm. Goodrich 
John Not 
Mr. Fairchild 
Mr. Hawley 
Rob* Warner 
Samii Stockin 
John Standley 
Mr. Lawes 
Tho: Minor 
John Gallop 
Richard Vowles 
George Hubbard 
Wm. Johnson 
Lt. Swaine 
John Wilford 
Thomas Leffingwel 
Francis Griswold 
Mr. Bruen abs. 
James Morgan. 



• Paugasuck, (Derby ;) variously written, PaugusscU, Pagawsett, Pawgasuck, &c. 



COLONY OF CONNECTICUT. 25 

WilW Palmer forfeited for his non-appearance when cald in 
ye Court. 

This Court vpon report from severall Plantat^ that they 
cannot at present provide their proportions of powder and 
shot, it' being not to be procured though indeauoured after, 
doe therefore remit the fines imposed by former order, provi- 
ded they doe accomplish w' is required by former order be- 
twixt this and the session in October, Ario '66. 

This Court doth fully impower the Customasters to seize 
any Wine or Liquors that are landed and not entred, where- 
soeuer they find them. 

Edward Higby hath granted by this Court 300 acres of 
land of that which was veiwed by Nath^^ White, Sam^' 
Stockin and Sam^^ Boreman, appointed thervnto by the 
Court. 

Mr, Lawes and Lt. Richard Olmsted are desired and ap- 
pointed to veiw the lands apperteineing to Hasting and Rye, 
to see what there is that may be sutable for a plantation and 
to make returne to the Court the next session. 

This Court doth establish two County Courts to be held 
at N: Haven, the first on the second Thursday in June, the 
other on the 3d Thursday in Nobr^w^h Courts shal consist of 
not less than two Assistants w^^ two or more Coral's, to y^ 
number of fiue judges at least, for y^ triall of all cases except- 
ing life, limb and banishment. Mr. Fenn desires liberty of 
further consideration for Milford, which is granted. This to 
stand vntil the Court take further order about it. 

This Court voated and by vote declared that the busines 
that Mr. Brian Rosseter prosecuted agaynst Mr. Leet in May 
Court, and in July last, and Mr. Leet's appeale to this Court 
about it, is included in the act of oblivion and Mr. Leet by 
that act indemnified. This put to voat w^h generall consent. 
[216] This Court grants a Rate for defraying publ: charge, 
of a penny vpon the pound, to be paid in wheat, pease and 
Indian corne, equally proportioned, or in porke, 3£. 10s. p"^ 
Barrill ful sized and the porke good. 

Samii Butler is accepted as a freeman and had ye freemans 
oath administred vnto him. 
3 



26 PUBLIC RECORDS OF THE 

Southerton is by this Court named Mistick in memory of 
that victory God was pleased to giue this people of Conect- 
icut oner the Pequot Indians. 

This Court doth alter ye day for keeping Court at N: Lon- 
don in Nobr next, and order to be the second Wednesday of 
that month. 

Mr. Mathew AUyn, C: John Talcot, Mr. Jo: Allyn, C: Benj; 
Nubery, Jo: Moor, Wm. Wadsworth, Jos: Fitch, Tho: Minor, 
John Banks, Jo: Not, Will"' Goodrich, Mr. Fairchild, Richard 
Vowles, desire that their desent in that vote wherein the 
Court declared That Mr. Leet's appeale from May & July 
last is included in the act of oblivion and Mr. Leet by that 
act indemnified, may be recorded. 

This Court doth appoint a solemne day of Thanksgiuing 
to be kept throwout this Colony on the last Wednesday of 
Nouember, to returne praise to God for his great mercy to vs 
in the continuation of our liberties and privilidges both Ciuill 
and Ecclesiastick ; and for our peace and preventeing those 
troubles that we feard by forreigne enemies ; and for the 
blessings in the fruits of the earth and the generall health in 
the plantations. 

The Magestrates and Deputies in these 3 or 4 Towns are 
appointed as a Comittee to returne answer to Collonell 
Nicolls his letter. 

Mr. Willys, Mr. Leet, Mr. Chapman and Mr. Wadsworth 
are desired and impowred to heare and determine Vncos his 
complaints about his rights and intrests about N: London, 
and to make a ful issue of y^ matter and of other his just 
complaints or demands. These foure Gent: or the maior 
part agreeing shal stand for an issue.* 

The Treasurer is allowed fifteen pounds salcry for this 
yearc. 

The Secretary hath granted vnto him an augmentation to 
his former grant to y<= sum of one hundred acres of vpland ; 
and he hath liberty to take it vp for his meadow the remain- 
der of the meadow that is not taken vp at Jonathan Gilberts 
[217] farme if it be there to be had, w"' an hundred acres 



See Reports of tbU Committee, in Appendix I; (1 & 2,) from "Indians," Vol. I. Doc. 5 &6. 



COLONY OF CONNECTICUT. 27 

of vpland adioyneing ; and the rest to make vp his former 
grant, at some place vpon Mattabeseck Ri[uer,] where he can 
find it free from those limitations inserted in his former grant. 

John Catlin and Daniel Arnold are admitted freemen of 
this Corporation. 

Mr. Chapman is authorized to administer the freeman's 
oath to such in SeaBrooke as haue stood propounded in an 
orderly way. 

The Secretary is ordered to send downe a warrant to Mr. 
Will'" Lord to levy the Pattent rate, W^^ according to their 
List of 8000 £. ariseth to 12 £. 10s. at a farthing half farthing 
pr <£. And the Treasurers direction is to be attended herein. 

The Gouernor and Dep: Gou"", Mr. Leet, Mr. Chapman 
and Mathew Griswold, or any foure of them are appointed a 
Comittee to heare & issue a case presented to his Ma''^ in a 
petit": of W™ Morton read in this Court, and to make report 
thereof to this Court at their next session in May, 1666. 
Mr. Morton for himself and Richard Haughton doth desire 
and consent to the hearing and issue by the said Gent^ and 
declares that he wil acquiesce therein. 

The Gouerno'" and Secretary are desired by this Court to 
perfect the Address (now read in Court) to be presented to 
his Matie by the Hono''ble Secretary Bennet,* to whom a L^ 
is to be directed for that purpose by the said Gent: The 
Gouernor is requested to signe y^ Address in y^ name of the 
Colony. 

Vpon the motion of Thomas Hosmore, this Court doth 
order ye Secretary to respite execution in y^ case respecting 
the s<J Osmore and John Bissel Sen"" about ferriage of sheep, 
vntil this Court hath heard the case. 

It is ordered that each Town in this Colony w'^^in one 
month after publication hereof shal haue a towne brand for 
horses w^i a severall letter as is hereby directed and one 
chosen in each Towne to brand, who shal make an entry of 
[218] all horses soe branded v/^^ their naturall and artificiall 



* Sir Henry Bennett, (afterwards created Lord Arlington,) was appointed a Secretary of 
State in 16(53, on the removal of Sir Edward Nicholas. 

No copy of this Letter or of the Address to the King is preserved in the files. 



28 



PUBLIC RECORDS OF THE 



marks, in a book kept by him for y* purpose, who shal haue 
sixpence for each horse soe branded and entred. The mark» 
for the several Planta^ — 



Windsor 


I 


N. London 


L 


New Haven 


H 


Hartford 


A 


Norridge 


N 


Guilford 


G 


Wethersfid 


W 


SeaBrook 


D 


Brandford 


T 


Farmingt: 


X 


Stanford 


S 


Milford 


M 


Middle Town B 


Stratford 


P 


Green witch 


E 


Stonington 


K 


Fairfield 


F 


Rye 


R 






Norwallt 


O 


Kenilworth* 


r 



For future, al horses to be branded on ye near shoulder. 

It is ordered that every person or persons y*^ shal sel any 
horse or horses, he or they shal enter such saile w^^in 10 dales 
in the said brand booke, \v^^ y^ artificial and natural mi^ks, 
coulor and age of such horses, paying 4'^ for y^ entring of 
each horse, or shal forfeit for euery neglect herein twenty 
shillings to be paid to y^ publ: Treasury. 

Rates of Cattle, voated by this Court: — Cowes at 4.£. 
Bulls rate free; 3 year old, S£. 10s.; Horses, 4 yeares old, 
10<£ ; three yeares, 7£. All other Cattle as formerly. 

A List of yc Persons and Estate rateable in this Colony. 

Persons & Estate. 

SeaBrook, 06590.00.0 

Standford, 06347.00.0 

Milford, 09600.00.0 

Wethersfield, 11847.11.0 

Paugasuck, 00774.00.0 



Persons & Estate. 

17734.19.4 

15812.00.0 
07315.00.0 
06953.15.0 
09059.02.0 



Hartford, 
Windsor, 
Guilford, 
Farmington, 
N. London, 
[219] MiddleTown, 03719.10.0 
Norwalk, 04931.02.10 

Brandford, 03960.04.0 
Stonington, 04356.13.4 
N. Hauen, 17703.10.0 
Norridge, 03830.00.0 



II %e, 
Greenwich, 
Fairfield, 
Stratford, 



1211.00.0 

1434.00.0 

11253.12.0 

09187.06.4 

153620.16.5 



To preuent further trouble and charge to y^ Country, It is 
ordered that two Courts of Assistants consisting of seauen 
Assistants at least, be held at Hartford yearely, the one on 



* Thia was added at a later date. Bee record of May, 1CG7, post. 



COLONY OF CONNECTICUT. 29 

Teusday before the Geni' Assembly in May, the other on 
Teusday before the Gen^i Assembly in October, vnto w'^'^ 
Courts there shalbe liberty of appeale from ye respectiue 
County Courts. W^h said Courts of Assistants are im- 
powred to heare and determine such appeales as shalbe 
orderly pfgented as before. And likewise all Capitall Crimes 
respecting life, limb or banishment shalbe tried at those said 
Courts of Assistants. And its further ordered that for each 
appeale to ye said Courts there shalbe paid to ye Publ: Treas- 
ury 20s. pr the person y* enters y^ appeale. And that for 
each appeale preferred to y^ Gen^i Assembly there shalbe p<^ 
to ye Publ: Treasury 3<£. w^h appeale shal come only and 
imediately from the Court of Assistants vpon the issue there 
made. 

It is also ordered that in all appeales to ye Court of As- 
sistants, the trialls there shalbe by a Jury if the nature of the 
case require ; And the 10 shillings formerly imposed on each 
case tried by a Jury is included in the 205. for each case issued 
in this Court of Assistants : And in appeales no evidence 
shalbe considered but such as haue been presented at ye 
County Court. 

Its ordered that in stead of the Quarter Courts at Hart- 
ford there shalbe for future two County Courts to be held at 
ye place aforesaid in March and September as formerly. 

Whereas information is giuen to this Court by the com- 
plaints of many of the people of N: London [yt] the Mil there 
is not duely attended nor the Corne ground according to 
couenant, wherby the s'^ Towne is much damnified as ap- 
peares to this Court who haue heard both parties. This Court 
doth order James Rogers the present miller by himself or 
some other able and sufficient Miller to see the said Towne 
be duely serued in the grinding their corne according to 
couenant, to preuent damadge to ye owner and inhabitants 
[220] and disturbance || of the peace, and to that end that ye 
miller giue a dayly attendance on the said Mil as the occa- 
sions of the Mill shal require. 

In referenc to ye appeale of John Winthrop Esq"" as Pl^f 
contr James Rogers, This Court haueing heard both parties 
3* 



30 



PUBLIC RECORDS OF THE 



and duely considering the case, doe not find that the said 
Rogers hath forfeited his couenant though it be appar^'y 
manifest that he hath broken couen^ ; and doe therfore leaue 
the Pl'f to his remedie for damadges to recouer it in a course 
of law. And the said Mr. Rogers is to pay the charge of 
this appeale. Execution deliuered for forty shilling's, Sepf 
9'\- 67. 

And whereas Capt. Dan^i Clark attourney to the said .John 
Winthrop Esq. doth petition this Court for an equitable con- 
sideration and issue about ye damadges and that due repar- 
ation may be made to ye Pltf accordingly, This Court doth 
refer the said petition to Edward Griswold, Lt. Avery and 
Thomas LefRngwell who are hereby appointed a Coinittee 
to hear and issue ye said cause, and both parties by them- 
selues or their lawfull attourneyes are ordered to attend the 
said Coinittee when and where they shal appoint for such 
issues. 



[221] At a Court of Election held at Hartford, May 

10, 1666. 
Nominated to Election. Elected by the Freemen. 

Jo: "Winthrop Esqr. Jo: Winthrop Esq. Goui'nor. sworn. 

Jo: Mason Esq. Major Mason, Dep: Gouernor. s, 
Mr. Mathew Allyn Assistants. 

Mr. Samii Willys Mr. Mathew Allyn s 

Ml-. Nathan Gold Mr. Willys s 

Capt. John Talcot Mr. Gold 

Mr. Henry Woolcot Capt. Talcott, et Treasurer, s 

Lt. John Allyn Mr. Woolcott s 

Mr. Samii Sherman Lt. Jo: Allyn s 

Mr. Will'" Leet Mr. Samii Sherman s 

Mr. Will'" Joanes Mr. Will'" Leet s 

Mr. Benjain: Fenn Mr. Will'" Joanes 

Mr. Jasper Crane Mr. Fenn 

Capt. Danii Clark Mr. Crane s 

Mr. Mathew Gilbert Mr. Clarke, et Secretary, s 
Mr. Allexand"^ Briant 



COLONY OF CONNECTICUT. 



31 



Mr. Lawes 
Mr. Robt Treat 
Capt. Beniam: Nubery 
Mr. Anthony Howkins. 

Deputies. 
[222] Mr. Wadsworth 
Mr. Fitch 
Capt. Nnbery 
John Loomis 
Mr. Bishop 
Mr. Munson 
John Not 
Willm Goodrich 
Mr. East 
Mr. Geo: Clarke 
Ml-. Banks 
John Burr 
Tho: Judd 
Jo: Standley 
Mr. Fairfchild 
Ens: Judson 
John Ward 
John Wilford 
John Fowler 
Thomas Cooke 
Mr. Campfield 
Richard Olmsted 
James Rogers 
Cary Latham 
Mr. Stanton 
Sam'i Chesborough 
Hugh Caulkin 
Francis Griswold 
Lt. Budd 
Mr. Hamlin 
Nathii Wh[ite] 



The freemen voated that ye Gen^l 
Assembly should choose Com^s for 
this yeare ensueing. 



II Thomas Hosmore being called 
and not appearing to p^sent his 
case to the Court, the former respite 
of execut" is taken of. 

Capt. John Nash, Mr. Banks, 
Mr. Fairchild and Ensigne Judson 
or any three of them are desired 
and appointed a Comittee to veiw 
a tract of land that Tauntonimo 
hath made ouer to Richr<i Bauld- 
win of Milford* and to consider 
what ye nature and quantity is of 
meadow and vpland and swampe ; 
and also the said Comittee are de- 
sired to heare a difference between 
the Indians and English at Pau- 
gasut and the Indians at Podatuck 
and also to veiw the land at Pau- 
gasuck whether it may be fit for a 
township. And vpon heareing the 
difference they are to draw vp a 
determination and to present their 
intelligenc respecting the lands and 
their deterniination to y^ Court the 
next session, to be fully issued and 
settled by the Court. 

Comissioners chosen for y^ yeare 
ensueing : — for Farmington, Mr. 
Antho: Howkins ; for Stanford, 
Mr. Lawes; Fairfield, Mr. Hill, 
Mr. Banks; Milford, Mr. Briant 



* See Appendix, IF. 



32 PUBLIC RECORDS OF THE 

and John Clarke; Nev) Haven, Capt. Jo: Nash, Mr. Gilbert, 
Mr. Jo: Dauenport & Mr. Bishop ; Brandford, John Wilford, 
Lawrence Ward ; Guilford, Mr. Kitchell, and Georg Hub- 
bard ; Sea Brook, Lt. W^ Prat, Mr. Chapman ; N: London^ 
Mr, Bruen, Lt. Avery ; Mistick alias Stoning-ton, Mr. Thomas 
Stanton sen^ ; Middle Toion, Mr. Hamlin; Wethersjield, Mr. 
Sam'i Wells ; Stratford, Mr. Fairchild. 

Will"! Fowler is established Lieueten* for and to ye Train 
Band at Milford. 

These entred of Windsor to haue the oath for freedom ad- 
ministred vnto them ; — Return Stronge, John Madesley, 
Josuah and Benajah Holcomb, Timothy Hale, John Case, 
John and Thomas Barber. Either Mi-. Allyn or Mr. Wool- 
cot and the Secretary are impowred to administer the oath 
to them. 

This Court doth remit the forfeiture of Will'" Palmers bond 
for his non-appearance at y^ Court according to his engage- 
ment. 

[223] Severall of Stratford being orderly p^sented to this 
Court for freedom, This Court empowers Mr. Sherman to 
administer the oath to such of them as are willing to accept 
of it. And likewise Mr. Sherman or Mr. Gold either of them 
are impowred to administer the said oath to such as haue 
bene p^sented from Fairfield for freedom and are willing to 
accept of it ; and likewise the Assistants oath to Mr. Gold 
and CoiTiissioners oath to Mr. Hill and Mi*. Banks. 

The Deputy Go: is requested to administer the freemans 
oath to John Post, John Baldwin & Morgan Bowers of Nor- 
ridgc. 

And to these of Stowington ; — Nehe: Palmer, Tho: Shaw, 
Thomas Stanton Jun"", John Stanton, Moses Palmer, Benjam: 
Palmer, Gcrshom Palmer, Ephraim Minor, Joseph Minor, 
Aaron Start, James York Sen^, Mr. Noice, Natli^i Chesbo- 
rough, Elisha Chesborough. Mr. Thomas Stanton is to ad- 
minister the freemns oath to those, and ye oath of Fidelity to 
such in Stonington as haue not taken it. 

And these of N. London; — ^John Smith, Miles Moor, Mr. 
Duglas, Thomas Becbc, Joseph Coit, Sam Rogers, Nehemiah 



COLONY OF CONNECTICUT. 33 

Roice, Mr. Buckley, Clement Minor, are to haue the oath 
administred there at ye County Court. 

Mr. Sherman is impowred to administer the Assistants 
Oath to Mr. Fenn, and of Com'- to Mr. Briant. 

Its ordered that any two Assistants or Com" in the re- 
spectiue Plantations shal administer the oath of Fidelity to 
those in their Townes that haue not taken it, and where is 
noe such officers inhabiting y^ next Publ: officers are to ad- 
minister ye oath in the neighbouring Townes. And if any 
refuse to take the said oath their names are to be returned at 
the next Session. The former order respecting the adminis- 
tration of this oath vpon Publ: notice giuen in each Towne 
and warneingto attend yc time appointed by the Publ: officer 
is to be obserued. 

Mr. Mathew Allyn, Daniell Clark and Benjamin Nubery 
and Will'" Wadsworth are chosen a Comittee and by this 
[224] Court authorized to settle the matter || in difference 
betwixt Stonington Inhab^s and the Indians at Coassatuck. 
And what the said Comittee or any three of them shall doe, 
either for setling Lands on the said Pequots or ordering the 
measureingc out that w^h may be sutable to y^ said Indians 
and to ye Town of Stonington to each party respectiuely, this 
Court doth hereby state and settle ye determination of ye 
said Comittee to be a finall issue of ye p^sent controuersy 
betwixt the Indians and Stonington Inhabitants.* 

*In accniiiance with a promise given to tin; conquered Pequots, of "a settled accommoda- 
tion" in tlieir own country, the Conjm"rs of tlie U. Colonies, in 1603, ordered Capt. Geo. Deni- 
Bon, Thomas Statiton and James Avery, " to lay to Herman Garrett and his company, [ihe east- 
ern or Pawcatuck ciinpany of Pequots.] a convenient accommodation of lands for their plant- 
ing, either at Coassatuck or such other place as may be to their satisfaction" &c. "The 
quantity promised them at Coassatuck is 8000 acres ; if near the sea side and such a quantity 
as is to mutual satisfaction, we are content." [Uec. C. U. Col. MSS. ; see Ilnz. St. Papers, ii. 
484.] 

The town of Southerton (Stonington) finding the tract designated for the occupation of the 
Pequots, to fall within the limits of their township, and to trench closely upon, or in part in- 
clude, lands already assigned by the town to particular persons, refused to assent to the settle- 
ment proposed hy the Commissioners. At a town meeting in June, 1664. a committee was 
appointed to "gne and warne the Indians from off the town's land, and from further keeping 
possession of the same lands, viz. at Cowissatuck." [Town Rec] 

Sept 1664, "Complaint being made by Herman Garrett and his company, that all former 
provision notwithstanding, they are yet dissetlled and abused, by the neighboring English, the 



34 



PUBLIC RECORDS OF THE 



Vpon the Petit" of James Wakley's wife, This Court doth 
remit 50<£ of the hundred and fifty pounds bond forfeited by 
James Wakeley to this Corporation. 

This Court doth order the Treasurer speedily by virtue of 
his warrant, to destreine soe much of ye land of James 
Wakeley as may satisfy an hundred pounds of y^ bond for- 
feited to this Corporation by James Wakeley. 

This Court doth free al the sheep in this Colony from the 
list of estates wherby Rates are made, vntil the Court see 
cause to alter it. 

Mr. Hamlin and John Hall are desired and appointed to 
assist in laying out the extent of twelue miles from Sea 
Brook northward into y country and to take a spetial ac- 
count how far it extends, and likewise to see and take ac- 
count how far it may be from the end of that to Thirty Miles 
Island. 

This Court doth invest the severall Com^s in this Corpora- 
tion w^h magestraticall power wf^^in the limits of y respectiue 
Townes where they liue. 

This Court orders that the Townes on the Riuer from y^ 
north bounds of Windsor w^h Farmington to y^ south end of 
ye bounds of Thirty Miles Island shalbe & remaine to be one 
County w^^'' shalbe called the County of Hartford. And it 
is ordered that the County Court shalbe kept at Hartford on 
the 1st Thursday in March and on the first Thursday in Sep- 
tember yearely. 

[225] This Court orders that from Paukatuck Riuer w^h 
Norridge to y- west bounds of Homonoscet Plantation shalbe 
for future one County, w^'' County is called the County of 

Conitnissioners dop. order, that accnrdini: to the last agreement, they shall be accommodated at 
Coassatiick " &.c. [Ilec. U. Col. in flaz. ii 500.] 

Sfpt 1GG.5, Ihe town of Snutlnirton, " finding it very tirpjiiillli.ill in case" the Indians "should 
be i-eilled at Cowissattuck. dne therefore order that tlie inatler he referred to the General Court 
in October next, for counsel and advice." [Town Rec] There is no record of any action 
taken hy the October Court; but the following year (Mar. 28. iCC(5,)the town appointed another 
coniiiiittee to give the Indians at Cowissatuck "full notice of the town order made this day 
concerniiip their intruding upon us; and to forwarn Ihem of proceeding any further in such a 
way," Ike. and ''to dispossess those that are already come thither," ami soon after (April 3()th,) 
ordered " an exact survey" to be made of the town lands, at and near Cowissituck. directing 
the ciimmittee "to take notice of what Indians are there and who iliey are ;" probably, with a 
view to the reference of the conirovcrsy to the General Court, for a final adjustment. 



COLONY OF CONNECTICUT. 35' 

N: London. And it is ordered that the County Court shalbe 
held at N. London the first Wednesday in June and the third 
Thursday in Septemb'' yearly. 

This Court orders that from the east bounds of Guilford 
vnto y*-' west bounds of Millford shalbe for fu.ture one County 
w^h shalbe called the County of N: Hauen. And it is 
ordered that the County Court shalbe held at N: Hauen on 
the second Wednesday in June and on the second Wednes- 
day in Nouember yearely. 

This Court orders that from the east bounds of Stratford 
to ye west bounds of Rye shalbe for future one County w^^^ 
shalbe called the County of Fairfield. And it is ordered 
that the County Court shalbe held at Fairfield on the second 
Teusday in March and the first Teusday in Nouember 
yearely. 

It is ordered that each County Court shal consist at least 
of one Assistant and two Coma's to bee the Judges thereof; 
provided that if there be three Assistants at the said Court 
they may proceed as Judges though y^ Com^s neglect to 
attend the Court. 

In answer to Thomas Miller's Petition — That if Nathaneel 
Bacon haue any claime for himself or his children to make to 
any part of Thomas Miller's estate besides what he hath 
ordered to him by the last Court, he shall make it out and 
prosecute it to effect [at] the County Court or elce the 
claime is to remaine of noe force and vertue. 

This Court doth grant to Norridge 50 fathoms of Wom- 
pom or ye effects thereof ihat was sent to Capt. Willet, when 
it shalbe returned to this Colony. 

In answer to y^ Petition of M^s Vrsulah Gibbons, This 
Court doth grant a hearinge of the case depending betwixt 
the said Vrsulah and Mr. Rich^ Lord, prosecuted at y" last 
County Court in Hartford.* 

* •' At the County Court held at Hartford, March I, '6j-'G(i ; Mrs. Vrsula Giljbnns pllf as 
executrix, contra ihe estate of rapt Richard Lord dHcuased, in an action of y case, for men- 
eyes due to y^ estate of Mr. VVilhn. Gihbons deceased, by vertue of partnership in y« Guiney 
voyage, to y sum of X70 debt and datnadge." * * * '-Tliu Jury (ind for Deft, co^ts of 
court; 2 witnesses 2 daycs, 6s. The Pllf enters appeale to the next Court of Assi?tants." 
[Court Kec. iii. 45, 49.] 



36 PUBLIC RECORDS OP THE 

The inhabitants of Guilford are desired to make evident 
[2-26] vnto this Assembly at October session || their rights 
to the lands at Homonoscet Riuer and the extent of their 
bounds eastward. 

This Court doth ratifie the returne of the Comittee that 
were ordered to lay out land to Cussisinimo and the Pequots 
vudr him and doe order the Secretary to record it. 

The Towne of Mistick is by this Court named Stoning- 
ton. 

This Court doth grant vnto the Plantat" of Stonington to 
extend the bounds thereof ten miles from the sea vp into the 
Countrey northward. 

Thomas Minor and John Gallop are granted by this Court 
to each of them respectiuely one hundred acres of land lying 
next vnto the bounds of Stonington on y^ north side the 
bounds. 

Lt. Avery and James Morgan are appointed and required 
by this Court to lay out the land for Coassatuck Indians ac- 
cording to ye determination of y^ comittee ; and likewise to 
lay out the northern bounds of Stonington, and also ye land 
gi-anted to Thomas Minor and John Gallop respectiuely. 

Thomas Clark and John Graues are desired & appointed 
to lay out the bounds twixt SeaBrook and Homonascet. 

This Court doth pass an act of indemnity to Capt. Georg 
Denison vpon the same grounds as was formerly granted to 
other inhabitants of Stonington.* 

This Court doth grant vnto the Worship^i Gouern'', 

•Capt. Denison had been excepted by the Gen. Court in October, 1004, from the general par- 
don granted to llie inlinbitants of Mystic and Pavvcatuck for disowning the jurisdiction and re- 
sisting the authority of Connecticut. [See Col. Rec. I. 433.] In the order of the Massachusetts 
Court, Oct. lit, 1058, incorporating the town of Southertown, Capt. Denison is first named of 
those who were " to order the prudential affairs" of the plantation, and as clerk of the writs, 
&,c. After this township was included within the jurisdiction limits of Connecticut, by the 
Charter of IGC'2, Capt. D. did not willingly assent to the separation from Massachusetts, but, 
with some others of the planters, refused compliance with the orders of the Gen. Court at 
Hartford; and in 1003, presented to the Comm'rsof the U. Colonies, a petition from the town, 
in which he asks " that we wlio have, according to your orders, acted by Commission from the 
Bay, may not have our actions censured by any power but the same from whom our power is 
derived ; and that this Court would take care that we may not be sufferers by our fidelity." 
[Haz. ii. 485.] 



COLONY OP CONNECTICUT. 



37 



Threescore and ten pounds as a gratuity for this yeare, be- 
sides his salary of 80^. 

This Court doth impower Capt. Talcot and Lt. John Allyn 
to call in John Scots fine and what elce is due to ye Coun- 
trey from Long Island or any p^son there ; and what they doe 
recouer and bring to ye Publ: Treasury vpon the Maine, a 
quarter part thereof shalbe vnto themselues for their labour 
and paines therein. 

This Court impowi'es Mr. Wm. Jones, Mr. Jaspar Crane 
and Mr. James Bishop to grant licence to the Clerk of ye 
Iron works or some meet person to draw wine & liquors at 
the Iron works, he attending such instructions as shalbe 
enioyned by them. 

This Court doth commend and leaue it w^fi ye Magestrates 
[227] to settle some course to preuent infection || that may 
happen to the inhabitants in this Colony by vessels that may 
come into any of our Ports. 

This Court doth at present and vntil they see cause to 
alter it, grant to Stonington that the bounds of that Towne 
shal extend eastwards to the Riuer called Paukatuck. 

To prevent disorderly and corrupt practices in the election 
of the members of the Gen^i Assembly, it is Ordered by this 
Court that if any person that is not a freeman of this Corpo- 
ration, soe acknowledged by this Assembly, shal p^sume to 
voat in the election of any of the aforesaid Members of this 
Court, or if any person that is a freeman shal put in aboue 
one voate at a time, he shal pay fiue pounds as a fine to ye 
Publ: Treasury, for each transgression herein. 

Mr. Jno Allyn, Wm. Wadsworth and Mr. Stanton are de- 
puted by this Court a Comittee to hear and determine such 
cases of controversy as the Indians are desirous and willing 
to pi'sent to y'" & to leaue w'^' them to be determined by the 
said Comittee. 

This Court in answer to John Bennets Petit", doe declare, 
that they doe remit Jo: Bennets fine of 4X ; only the charge 
of the Marshal is excepted in this voat. 

It is ordered that ye Plantations of Stonington and Nor- 
ridge shal conveigh vnto N: London soe much of their pro- 
4 



38 PUBLIC RECORDS OF THE 

portion of the Countrey Levy yearly as the Treasurer shal 
appoint, and there is to be allowed 12d. p"" £ for all that ac- 
cording to ord"" is there d'd. 

This Court doth order that al vessels of what burthen 
soeuer, whiles they are vpon the stocks shal for future be ex- 
empted from ye list of estates whereby rates are ordered, in 
the severall Plantations in this Colony. 

Joseph Wright and Allexandr Keny are p^pounded to this 
Assembly for freedom. 

Mr. Leet, Mr. Sherman, Mr. Banks and Mr. Hamlin and 
Mr. Bishop are appointed a Comittee to hear the case de- 
pending between Mrs. Vrsulah Gibbons and Mr. Richard 
[228] Lord. And the determination of || the major part of 
the Comittee shal stand for an issue in that case. The 
Comittee is desired to attend it to-moiTOW by 4 of ye clock 
in afternoon. 

Mr. Mathew Allyn is chosen Moderator in Courts in the 
absence of the Gouern"" and Deputy Gouern^ 

This Court doth appoint Mr. Hill to be Clerke of ye County 
Court at Fairfield, Mr. Bishop at ye County Court at N: 
Hauen, Mr. Bruen of the County Court at N: London, and 
Mr. Clark of ye County Court at Hartford. The next County 
Courts are to administer their respectiue oaths to these per- 
sons for a faithfuU discharge of their places, — who are to re- 
maine in their respectiue offices vntil the Court takes further 
order. 

There is liberty granted to ye Assistants and Com^s in the 
respectiue Counties to call a spetiall Court in extraordinary 
cases, provided there be noe charge therby to ye Colony. 

It is ordered that after ye publication hereof noe attachm* 
or replcuin shalbe granted vpon any estate that shalbe taken 
by destreint for Town or Country Levies for civil or eccle- 
siasticall respects, provided that any person that accounts 
himself wrongrnl hath liberty of the civil law thereby to pro- 
cure his right by ordinary process or complaint. 

This Court grants liberty to ye Gouernor or Dep: Go: and 
Assistants, vpon extraordnary occasions to call a spetial Court 
of Assistants to attend such seruice as is by former law 



COLONY OF CONNECTICUT. 39 

already established in the provision respecting the Court of 
Assistts. 

It is ordered, That ye Wills and Inventories of persons de- 
ceased w'hin any of the Counties in this Colony shalbe ex- 
hibited and proued at ye County Court to w^h ye deceased 
did apperteine by his habitation. And the said County 
Court is to settle the distribution of the estate to the legatees. 
And in case any party concerned in the estate shal conceiue 
that the distribution made by that Court be not either ac- 
cording to ye Testators mind or not according to rules of 
justice or equity, there is liberty reserued in such case for the 
greiued party to apply himself to the Court of Assistants for 
releife. 

[229] Robin Cussinamo is appointed Gou^'n'" ouer the Pe- 
quots on this side Mistick Riuer, and Cushaunakim and 
Yoiomatimo are appointed as Assistants to y® said Cussine- 
mo in gouerneing the said Indians. And Lt. James Avery, 
Cary Latham and John Gallop are desired to assist by advice 
and counsell to these Gouern^s as occasion or necessity may 
pi'sent. 

Mr. Stanton and old Mr. Chesborough are chosen by this 
Court to ouersee the Gouernofs appointed ouer Coassatuck 
Indians and assist them by advice and counsell as need caUs 
for. 

The Gouern"" and Mr. Sam'i Willys are chosen Com^s for 
a full and compleat yeare and invested w^h ful power to act 
in all matters according to the articles of confoederation. 

This Court taking into serious consideration ye great in- 
convenience yt may ensue to orphanes whose parents de- 
ceaseinge intestate, that in their life time were possessed w^ii 
a reall estate of houseing & lands, such as may be appointed 
to administer to ye estate may throw inconsideratenes make 
alienation of such lands or houseing, wherby the propper 
heires may come to be disinherited of that estate w^h ought 
to be reserued for them. Doe therfore order, that after y^ 
publication hereof, all sales or alienations of houseing or 
lands of persons deceased made by executors or administra- 
tors (where is suruiuing any propper heire to ye estate of the 



40 PUBLIC RECORDS OF THE 

deceased,) shalbe void and of none effect, vnles it be ratified 
and established by the approbation of the Gen^^ Assembly. 
And whatsoeuer distribution of estate is ordered by any civil 
court in this Corporation, to legatees or propper heires, the 
execution thereof by the person or p^sons therein concerned 
orthervnto appointed shalbe out of the propper estate of the 
person deceased and at the same value as it was inventoried, 
vnles ye Court that orders the destribution doe approue of 
the sale or alienatn of any of the moueables : And it is also 
ordered that all such houseingthat apperteine to y^ estate of 
ye deceased as before mentioned shalbe kept in tenantable 
repaire out of the revenew of the land, and soe to be deliuered 
vnto the legatees at the time appointed in the destribution 
ordered by the Court, extraordnary casualties excepted. 
[230] Mr. Samii Willys, Capt. Talcot, Lt. Jno Allyn and 
SeC'y Clarke are desired and appointed a Comittee to treat 
wth Mr. Rosseter about those troublesom occun'ents that 
haue fallen out in referenc to former passages betwixt [him] 
and Mr. Leet etc.* And the said Comittee is desired to in- 
deauour a reasonable and equitable composition w^h the said 
Mr. Rosseter. And in case the said Comittee can worke such 
an issue as may be to their and Mr. Rosseters satisfaction and 
the honor and security of this Colo: this Court wil wel like 
and approue their act ; but if otherwise, they may and hereby 
are ordered to returne it vp into the Courts dispose. 

The same Comittee is ordered w^h ye Deputies of Hartford 
to draw vp an answer to Col: RichM Nicols L"" sent to o"^ 
Hon^d Gouern'". 

The Conclusion of this Comittee w^h Mr. Rosseter. 
The Comittee chosen by the Gen^'- Assembly and impow- 
red to effect an accomodation ^v^i' Mr. Rosseter & to put a 
period and make a final issue of all those differences that 
haue bene a long exercise both to this Court and to ye mem- 
bers thereof and to Mr. Rosseter (ariseing principally from the 
excerting of authority by o"" friends at N: Ilauen, Guilford, 
Branford & Milford since ye publication of our Charter,) con- 
sidering the loss that Mr. Rosseter hatii vndoubtedly sus- 
teined, the many distractions and troubles that he hath 

•See page 23, ante. 



COLONY OP CONNECTICUT. 41 

passed throw both in his owne person and his family w^^ him, 
and the effects thereof to this Gouerm*, much expence and 
trouble both to this Court and Councill, and other worse 
effects too manifest tending to animosities, at y^ best to great 
disturbance, wherby the promotion of publ: vtility hath bene 
much impeded, the spirits of many afflicted, and the worke 
of God in the hands of Authority hath not reached to y* 
prospi'ous prgress that otherwise might haue bene expected: 
The p^mises considered, and that for future there may be an 
vtter cessation and absolute issue of all further and future 
demands on Mr. Rosseters part against any either person or 
persons, in any of the townes foremeutioned, for and vpon 
the account of maleadministracon or exerting power in a 
civil way ; and that there may be noe further attempt or 
complaint made or prosecuted ag^t any or all the people in 
those Townes to this Court or any other authority elcewhere, 
for any matter or thinge except it be for matters of meum 
and tuum noe way referring to Publique Administrat", Mr. 
Rosseter accepting of these propositions and acknowledging 
his transgressions in his papers presented to this Assembly, 
[231] soe far as they hold forth any reflexion || vpon the 
Courts honor. We doe grant vnto him an hundred pounds to 
be paid vnto him out of the Levy next Springe, whereof those 
foure Townes, N: Hauen, Guilford, Brandford and Milford 
shal pay sixty pounds, and the other forty pounds out of the 
Publique Treasury, all w^h shalbe by the Treasurers order. 
And we doe also determine and prohibit vtterly and foreuer 
Mr. Willam Leet or any other person or persons in those 
foure Townes to make any complaints or cause further 
trouble either to ye said Mi*. Bray Rosseter or those of Guil- 
ford concerned w*-^ him about any matt'' referring to former 
administracon of Gouernment, excepting such things as haue 
bene stated by this Generall Assembly. In confirmation that 
the premises is the conclusion and act of the Comittee and 
Mr. Bray Rosseter's acceptance, we haue mutually herevnto 
subscribed, this 19 May, Ano Do^i 1666. 

John Talcot 
Transcribed out of y«= original and therw^ii John Allyn 
compared, July 29, 1666. Dan'i Clarke 

p"" Danii Clark, Secy. Bryan Rosseter. 



This writeing witnesseth that Vncass, Sachem of Moheag, 
in behalfe of himselfe and people of Moheag and Nahantick, 
doe hereby engage him and them to Aramamatt, Seacut & 
Nessaheagen, Genfn of Conecticut, in behalfe of the Indian 

4* 



42 PUBLIC RECORDS OF THE 

people at Windsor, Podunk, Hartford, that they wil carry it 
peaceably & neighbourly towards them and the aforesaid 
Indians and that they wil not eitlier secretly or publiquely 
contriue or practice any evil or niischiefe against y"". And 
the aforesaid Aramamat etc. engage that they & the afore- 
said Indians on the Riuer wil carry it peaceably towards y^ 
aforesaid Sachem and his people and that they wil neither 
plot nor practice any evil against the said Vncass or his peo- 
ple. And whereas there is a difference about the bounds of 
Lands and Royalties belonging to ye said Sachem and Ara- 
mamat, It is agreed between them that the devideing bounds 
shalbe at Ashowatto Wonggunshoake and soe to Washiack 
and from thenc northerly, from w^h bounds the Land and 
Royalties on the east shalbe and remaine to Vncass and his 
heires, and from ye said bounds on y^ west to Conecticut 
Riuer shalbe to Aramamat and his heires ; & this our 
agreemt, and that we oblige ourselues & o^ heires to stand to 
ye same, wee testify by subscribing o"" marks. 

It is agreed that Aramamat Vncass X bis mark 

shal not impi'priate vnto himself Aramamat X his mark 

any of ye Land y^ is on the Seacut X his mark 

south of ye path that goes from Nesahegen X his mark 

Thomas Edwards to Monheage. Quanampewet X his m^k 

This writinge aboue was signed and 
d'd in presence of vs, who were ap- 
pointed by the Gen^i Assembly to hear 
and indeauour the said Indians compli- 
ance, w'h ye ful and free consent of both 
parties. 

John Allyn Recorded out of ye Originall, 

Willm Wadsworth this Aug^t 3'', 66. 

Tho: Stanton. p"" Daniel Clark, Secy. 



[232] Whereas by an order of the Generall Assembly in 
May last, 1654, it was agreed and appointed that we whose 
names are here vud^writtcn should set out ye bounds and 
limits betwixt ye inhabitants of Nameag and Monheag, who 
haue accordingly addressed o''selues. We doe therfore con- 
clude that haueing run the line it shal extend from Nameag 
northward to a brooke called by the Indians Cochicknake 
where the footpath to Monheag now goeth ouer the Creek 
or Couc, being the bounds to ye south eastward, and ye other 
way it runneth vpon a west norwest line northerly set out by 
two marked trees ; and for the lands on the other side the 



COLONY OF CONNECTICUT. 



43 



Creek or Coue, we leaue it to y^ Court to ord"" or ye Town 
or pfticuler persons whom it concernes to agree w^h Vncass : 
Witness o"" hands, this tenth of June, 1654. 

The mark of Vncass X John Winthrop 

Sachem of Monhegen John Mason 

Mathew Griswold. 

Recorded out of a Coppy drawen out of the Originall, ex- 
amined and attested by Lt. John Allyn. 

Danii Clark, Secry. 



At an Adjournment op the Gen^^ Assembly, July 26, '66. 



Jo: Winthrop Esq"", Go: 
Major Mason, Dep: 

Assistants. 
Mr. Mathew Allyn 
Mr. Samii Willys 
Capt. John Talcot 
Mr. Henry Woolcot 
Lt. John Allyn 
Mr. Joanes 
Mr. Fenn 
Daniell Clark et Sec'' : 

Deputies. 
Mr. Willm Wadsworth 
Mr. Joseph Fitch 
Capt. Benja: Nubery 
John Loomis 
Mr. James Bishop 
John Not 
Wm. Goodrich 
Mr. East 
John Clarke 
Thomas Judd 
John Standley 
Ml-. Campfield 
Mr. Hamlin 



This Court doth ord"" that four 
horsmen be speedily sent to Spring- 
field to accompany such as shalbe 
sent by Capt. Pinchon to Fort Al- 
bany or further as may be judged 
meet, to atteine certeine vnd'"stand- 
inge concerninge the motion of ye 
French, according to such instruc- 
tions as shalbe directed and giuen 
vnto them by this Court. 

Mr. Samuell Willys, Capt. John 
Talcot and the Secretary are im- 
powred to appoint or if need be to 
press four men and horses to attend 
the forsaid ordr and instructions of 
this Court. 

The men are Sergt John Sted- 
man, CorpH Martin, CorpH Gilbert 
and David Winshall. And this 
Court doth impower the Comittee 
to order all matters for ye comly 
settinge them forth. 
[233] This Court desires Mr. Jones 
and Mr. Fenn to take the paines to 
goe to Mr. Gold and in the name 



44 PUBLIC RECORDS OF THE 

IVIr. Stanton of the Court desire, and if need be 

Samuel Chesbrough. to require him to accept of his 
comission for an orderly attendanc and execution of the place 
and office the Countrey hath chosen him to. 

This Court doth order that in case of any apparent dan- 
ger of invasion by the approach or motion of any enemie 
towards any of his Mat'^s subjects in this Colony, and a ne- 
cessity appeare of sending force out to intercept or expell the 
enemie before the General Assembly can convene. The 
Comittee hereafter nominated are hereby impowred and 
authorized to order the militia or any part therof as they shall 
judge meet, to appoint and comissionate officers how and 
which way to act and proceed soe as in their best judgm^s 
may most aptly conduce to a present preuention of the ene- 
mies designe and the conseruation of the Colony and the 
peace of the Plantations and people inhabiting the same. 
The Comittee is the Gouern"" Winthrop, Mr. Mathew Allyn, 
Mr. Samuell Willys, Capt. Talcot, Mr. Henry Woolcot, Lt. 
John Allyn, C: Daniel Clarke, Capt. Nubery, Mr. Wads- 
worth, Mr. Howkins, Mr. Fitch ; and a maior part of them 
meeting and concurring, their determination shalbe attended. 
This to stand in force til the Court order otherwise. 

This Court recommends it to y^ Committee that issued the 
busines between the people of Stonington and the Indians 
at Coassatuck, to review their act, and to giue their sense of 
their act and to direct further for ye laying out of y^ land 
agreed on that the Indians should haue.* 

This Court doth order that if any person in this Colony, 
w*^hout iust and necessary occasion soe to doe, shal cause an 

• See Note on page 33, ante. The report of the committee appointed by the Court in May, 
has not been preserved. Tlieir determination of the controversy did not prove satisfactory 
to the people of Stonington, and was not accepted by them as final and conclusive. At a 
town meeting. July 5, IGOO, the following vote was passed : "Whereas the town being very 
much unsatisfied by reason of the settling the Pequit Indians upon us, as is stated and expressed 
in the order we had last from the Court or Oominittee, which order if attended will draw us 
into a far greater inconveniency than before; the town therefore tliis day constitutes the select- 
men to draw up the full state of the town boundarys and to desire aid and Ijclp from the neigh- 
boring towns, i. e. some one or two neighbors that may be able to give a full and satisfactory 
testimony to the Court in that case." [Ston. Town llec. Vol. I.] 

A further order of the General Court, will be found with the records of the October session. 



COLONY OF CONNECTICUT. 45 

alarme in any of ye Plantations, by fireing any gun at any 
time between sunne set and sun riseinge, such actions proue- 
inge very preiuditiall to y^ comfort and safety of the Plan- 
tat^, the person that is discouered and convicted to bee 
guilty herein shall pay as a fine fiue pounds to y^ Pub: 
Treasury or suffer two months imprisonment, or to be cor- 
porally punished vnles the Court doe iudge the occasion of 
shooteing to be iust. 

[234] It is likewise ordered that when there is an alarme 
caused in any Plantation if the souldiers do not repaire to 
the severall Squadrons or places to which their chiefe officers 
doe appoint them to meet in, any person neglecting or re- 
fuseinge to attend his duty herein shalbe punished by 5£ 
fine or imprisonm' or corporall punishm* ; Vnles the delin- 
quent doe giue a just reason of his disabilitie to attend this 
order w^h reason shalbe presented to y^ next County Court. 
His Maties Letter, dated 22d Febr, '65,* being read and 
considered. This Court desires the Gouerno'' to consult w^h 
C confoederate freinds in y^ Mass: Col: and w^^^ Si" Thomas 
Temple, about his Mamies desire therein. 



July 31, '66. 

The Comittee for y^ Militia being mett desired the Hon'''^ 
Go: and Dep: Gouerno to excite such Indians as they iudge 
trusty to relieue o"" people in case of invasion. 

It is ordered, that such as beare pikes in ye Train bands 
in ye respectiue Plantations shal forthwith p^cure their pikes 
to be sufficiently headed, and the pike to be noe less then 
fourteen foot in length ; and if any refuse to mainteine a 
pike and other armes accordinge to order, they shall sell their 
poles to ye Towne where they liue, if the chiefe officer ap- 
proue of them or any of them, and the select men shal forth- 
with get them fitted vp for the Townes vse, to keep in a 

• See Appendix III. (1.) This letter announces tlie King's declaration of war with France ; 
and desires the Colony to apply themselves with all their force and skill, to the reduction of the 
French and Dutch possessions in America, (especially, of Canada,) to obedience to England. 

In September following. Gov. Winthrop and Sir Thomas Temple (Governor of Nova Scotia,) 
presented themselves before the General Court of Massachusetts, to join in the consideration of 
matters proposed in his Majesty's letter. A sketch of the debate which ensued upon this 
proposition, will be found among the Danforth Papers, (in Mass. His. Coll. 2d Ser. viii. 101 
et seq.) 



46 



PUBLIC RECORDS OF THE 



Town stock. And for euery hundred souldiers there shalbe 
kept in a readines twenty pikes at least, of fourteen foot in 
length, and this proportion to be provided speedily in each 
Plantation. 



[235] At a Gen'I Assembly held at Hartford, Octob^ 

11, '66. 

This Court doth remit 20s. that 
Math: Griswold should pay to ye 
Publ: Treasury for his appeale to y<= 
Court of Assistants. 

For preuention of future disap- 
pointm^s respecting appealesfrom the 
severall County Courts to ye Covirt 
of Assistants, It is ordered by this 
Court that y^ Clarks of the respectiue 
County Courts shall, vpon entrey of 
appeales in any of the said Courts to 
ye Court of Assistants, seasonably 
returne to ye Sec^y of the Corpora- 
tion an account of the appeales en- 
tred for ye next Court of Ass^^^ to- 
gether w^h ye judgm' of the said 
Court in the action tried, as also ye 
evidences referring to ye action and 
the bonds taken for prosecution and 
defence, all sealed up and deliuered 
to ye person appealeing, by him to be 
deliuered to the Secretary at least two 
weeks before the * of Assistants. And 
if any Clark faile herin he shall pay 
the charges and damadges that ensue 
by his neglect, the w^^'' the said Court 
of Assistants shall determine. And 
the person appealeing shal render 



Major Mason, D: Go^; 

Assistants. 
My. INIathew Allyn 
Ml-. Samii Willys 
Mr. Will'" Leet 
Capt. John Talcot 
Mr. Henry AVoolcot 
Mr. John Allyn 
Mr. Sam^i Sherman 
Mr. Wm. Jones 
Mr. Fenn 
Mr. Crane 
Daniell Clark, et Sec''. 

Deputies. 
Mr. Wadsworth 
Mr. Fitch 
John Moor 
John Loomis 
Ml-. Bishop 
John Cooper 
John Clark 
Wm. East 
Mr. Howkins 
John Standley 
Mr. Hill 
John Banks 
LawT-enc Ward 
John Wilford 



• The words "said Court," or their equivalent, wore omitted by the recorder. 



COLONY OF CONNECTICUT. 



47 



Mr. Bruen 
James Morgan 
Hugh Caulkin 



Lt. Francis Griswold 
Lt. Wm. Pratt 
Rob* Ley 
Samii Chesbrough 
Mr. Tho: Stanton 
Georg Hubbard 
John Fowler 
Mr. Fairchild 
Ens: Judson 
Mr. Hamlin 
Nathii White 
John Nott 
Wm. Goodrich 
Math: Campfield 
Richrfi Olmstead 
IVIr. Lawes. 



reasonable recompense to ye Clerk 
for his paines in transmitting the cop- 
pies of those writeings dependant on 
the case to be tried. And if the party 
receaueing those writings from the 
Clerk shal neglect to deliuer them to 
the Secretary as aforesaid, he shal 
pay the damadges that ensue thereon. 
And the entrey of the appeale w^^ 
necessary security taken shalbe suffi- 
cient suinons to y^ p^sons concerned 
to attend the appeale. 
[236] This Court considering the 
order respecting 20^. imposed on ap- 
peales to y^ Court of Assist^s to be 
paid to ye Publ: Treasurie, doe de- 
clare that the 2O5. there imposed doth 
not include the 65. due to y^ Jury nor 
ye Secretaries fees. 
Its ordered by this Court that whateuer testimonies are 
improued in any Court of Justice in this Corporation in any 
action or case to be tried, shalbe presented in writeing and 
soe kept by the Sec^y or Clerke of ye said Court on file ; and 
the said Sec^y or Clerke for his paines herein shal be allowed 
by the Plaintiff two pence for fileing each individuall write- 
ing. And what coppies are required there shalbe sixpence 
for each coppy paid to the officer by him yt takes them out. 
This Court doth ord^ that al vessels of the burthen of thirty 
tuns and vpwards shalbe free for future from ye list of estates 
by weh the Corporate levies are raised. 

This Court haueing bene often troubled w^h debates about 
ye differences respecting the bounds betwLxt N: London and 
Vncas, and haueing considered the writeing p''sented at ye 
Court, at N. London Court in June last, .w^h stands vpon 
record and is subscribed by the Gouerno'", Deputy Gouern'" 
and Mathew Griswold and Vncas, doe see noe cause to alter 
the determination of the Comittee who ordered the Towne 
of N. London to pay vnto Vncass twenty pounds in cm-rant 
pay ; and doe further order the inhabitants of N. London to 



48 



PUBLIC RECORDS OF THE 



make paymt of the aforesaid sum of 20 X to Vncass betwixt 
this and the first of May next, vpon the penalty of forfeiting 
25£ to ye Publ: Treasury. The bounds to stand as they 
were conckTded between N. London and Vncass by the 
Comittee, which were Mr. Willys, Mr. Leet, Wm. Wads- 
worth, and Robt Chapman. 

This Court doth hereby ord"" Mathew Griswold and Wm. 
Waller w'^in the space of one month to send up to y^ Treas- 
urer a true valuation of all ye rateable estate of the persons 
that haue estate in that place called Lyme, on the east side 
the great Riuer, ouer against Sea Brooke, wh«=h was in their 
possession in Aug^t last, vpon y^ penalty of forfeiting 5<£. a 
peice to y^ Publ: Treasury. 

Whereas by former order the Comi"s yt were to view the 
lists before the Gen'i Court, were to meet sometime to attend 
[237] that seruice specified in y^ said ord^ (both || those on 
the Riuer and those by the seaside) at Hartford, w^h ord"" 
hath not bene soe fully attended as ought to be, It is ther- 
fore ordered by this Court that for the future each Planta- 
tion in this Colony that send their lists fairly written by one 
of their Deputies, who is to supply the place of a Comis- 
sioner, to meet w^h ye rest appointed for the seruice afore- 
said, at Hartford, on the first day of y^ sitting of ye Gen^i 
Court in October yearely, to perfect their List and make 
p^sentation thereof to the Court accordinge to former [ot'der.] 
And if any towne neglect soe to doe, the said Towne shal 
forfeit fiue pounds to ye Publ: Treasury for each neglect 
herein. 

This Court doth order that ye land inclosed by Amos Rich- 
ardson, Mr. Chesbrough and his sons, and Aaron Start, 
and by them impropriated to their propper vse w'''in the 
bounds of Stonington, be valued by the list makers of Ston- 
ington and sent vp to ye Treasurer to be added to their 
Towne estate, and soe from time to time for ye future, all 
such land to be inserted in ye list of estates. 

Lt. Prat, Rob' Chapm: Goodrn: Chaullc, Mathew Griswold 
and Wm. Waller are by this Court appointed a Comittee 
for enterteincing and approueing such as are receaued inhab- 
itants on ye east side ye Riuer at Sea Brooke. 



COLONY OF CONNECTICUT. 



49 



This Court doth declare that y'^ power of the Com" at 
Sea Brook doth extend as far as Sea Brook ancient bounds 
betwixt them & N. London. 

This Court doth desire Mr. Geo: Denison and James Mor- 
gan to make seizure on such rateable estate of Amos Rich- 
ardson or any other persons that haue neglected to be p""- 
sented to y'' List makers at Stonington or N. London. 

Thomas Lee appeales to this Court for a further hearinge 
and determination in a case issued at y last Court of As- 
sistants between Mr. James Cornish Plaintiff and y® said 
Lee Defendt.* 

This Court grants an hundred acres of vpland and twenty 
acres of meadow adioyneinge or neer vnto the farme granted 
to Maior Mason, vnto Mr. James Fitch of Norridge, to him 
and his heires foreuer.f 

Francis Griswold is confirmed Lt to ye Traine band at 
Norridge and Thomas Tracy to be Ensigne. 
[238] The List of Estates from ye several Townes in this 
Collony : — 





£. 


s. 


d. 




£. 


s. 


d. 


Hartford 


16150. 


01. 


00 


Windsor 


14875. 


00. 


00 


Wethersfield 12094. 


19. 


00 


New Hauen 


17474. 


00. 


00 


Farmingfi 


06934. 


00. 


00 


SeaBrooke 


04968. 


10. 


00 


Guilford 


06606. 


00. 


00 


N. London 


07761. 


00. 


00 


Brandford 


03327. 


00. 


00 


Middle Town 


03731. 


00. 


00 


Norwalk 


05242. 


00. 


00 


Norridge 


03725. 


00. 


00 


Milford 


09536. 


00. 


00 


Paugasut 


00617. 


00. 


00 


Fairfield 


11149. 


00. 


00 


Stratford 


09661. 


05. 


00 


Stoningtn 


04631. 


18. 


00 


Rye 


01547. 


10. 


00 


Greenwich 


1607. 


17. 


00 


Stanford 


06003. 


00. 


00 


Meriden 


0144. 


00. 


00 











* " At a Court of Assist'^ held at Hartford, Octobr 9, '66 : — Mr. James Cornish PItf. contra 
Thomas Lee Deft, in an action of y= case, for non performance of covenant, to sixty pounds 
damadge." * » * " xhe Jury find for Pltf. his bond of Ten pounds and an Account specified m 
y' Bond, and costs of Court." [Rec. of Courts, pp. 55, 56] 

t The native right, in this grant, was subsequently purchased by Rev. Mr. Fitch, of Uncas, 
Owaneco and Attawanhood, — " to be taken up as nigh to the farm of Major Mason at Poma- 
cook as shall be found convenient," A patent was granted by the Court, in 1686, to Major Ma- 
son and Mr. Fitch, for their lands atPomacook. [Col. Rec. of Lands, I. 328 ; U. 169.1 



50 



PUBLIC RECORDS OF THE 



It is ordered by this Court that noe p^son that is vnd"" the 
gouermt of parents or master or guardiants shalbe capeable 
to make any contract or bargaine that in law shalbe ac- 
counted valid vnles the said p^son be authorized and allowed 
by his gouernr or guardiant. Nor shal any contract, bar- 
gaine, mortgage or sale of Inheritance of Houseinge or 
Lands made by any person that is vud"" y'' age of twenty one 
yeares be accounted valid in law, although in any other 
respect it be made or done accordinge to y'^ lawes estab- 
lished in this Corporation. 

It is ordered by this Court, that all y° inhabitants of this 
Jurisdiction shal make and mainteine sufficient fence or fen- 
ces to secure their improueable lands against Cattle of aU 
sorts whatsoeuer, vnruly Cattle only excepted. And what 
damadge is done by Cattle through y® want or insufficiency 
of fence (except before excepted) it shal not be recoverable 
by law. This order to stand in force notwt'istanding any 
former provision to y" contrary respecting y'^ lands on y*^ East 
side y^ Great Riuer. 

This Court doth order that ten pounds due to Daniel 
Garret for Capt. Scot, be paid vnto y° said Garret out of y^ 
next Countrey Levy. 

This Court doth confirme Josias Hul Sen"", Lieuetenant to 
y^ Trainband at Killingsworth alias Homonascet. 
[239] This Court haveing considered the appeale exhibited 
by Thomas Lee P^^ ag^t James Cornish D*, and the pleas 
by both parties, doe determine that y*' said Thomas Lee shal 
pay to y'' said Cornish 8<£. currant pay, and yt y^ said 
Thomas shall pay 3<£. to Jeremie Adams, for y"^ charge of the 
Court. 

This Court frees y'' Constable of N. London and acquits 
him for the corne that he makes appeares to be burnt, of y'^ 
Countreys, in his house. 

This Court vnd^standing by certcine information that y® 
; determination of y^ Comittee in May last al)out Cosatuck 
Indians is destructiuc to y° comforts of Stonington people, 
doe therefore desire the Comittee to take the matt"" into fur- 
ther consideration and to put an issue to it. 



COLONY OF CONNECTICUT. 51 

This Court vndrstandinge and seriously considering the 
difference betwixt y*^ Inhabitants of Fairfield and Norwalke 
about y*^ devideing line betwixt those two Plantat^, and find- 
ing evidenc that Fairfield had a grant of seauen miles from 
Stratford bounds, Doe therefore see cause to establish vnto 
Fairfield Towne the seauen miles in breadth, and to run the 
line betwixt Fairfield and Norwalk upon y^ same point nor- 
ward as y^ line betwixt Stratford and Fairfield is run. And 
y^ Towne of Fairfield is required to allow a reasonable con- 
sideration to Norwalk men for y*^ money y' Norwalk hath 
laid out to y*' Indians for such lands as fall wt^in Fairfield 
bounds forementioned. 

Mr. Sherman, Mr. Fairchild and Ensigne Judson are de- 
sired and appointed by this Court to consid"" and determine 
what is equitable and reasonable for y'' Inhabita^s of Fair- 
field to pay to y'^ Towne of Norwalk in reference to y^ pur- 
chase forementioned. And the foresaid Coiiiittee are desired 
to view the lands belonginge to Fairfield and Norwalk, vp 
northward into the Countrey 12 miles, and to make returne 
to y® Court what kind of land it is in its nature, and the 
townes of Fairfield and Norwalk are to satisfy this Comittee 
for their paines. 

Mr. Judson, John Banks and Lt. Olmsted are appointed 
to run y® line betwixt Fairfield and Norwalk. 
[240] This Court doth order, that if any person either Eng- 
lish or Indian w'^in this Colony shall, vnd'' prtence of Wild 
Hoggs, attempt to kill or willingly destroy any hogg or swine, 
great or small, in the Comons wt'un the liberties of this Col- 
ony, the pfson or p^sons soe doing shal pay just damadges 
to y*^ owners of such swine when knowen, and vpon convic- 
tion of the breach of this ord"" pay a fine of 5X. for each swine 
to y^ Publ: Treasury, vnles it be made evid'ly to appeare to 
y*^ Townesmen where y'' person inhabits that y^ swine that 
he kild were his owne ; and that noe man shal imploy any 
Indian to kill hoggs in y® woods vpon the foresaid penalty. 

This Court doth comend it to y'^ consideration of the Plan- 
tations in this Colony and doe desire that there may be some 
provision agreed on in each Towne for y^ subdueing of vn- 



52 PUBLIC RECORDS OF THE 

d"" growth and shrubs neer the townes, that soe pasture for cat- 
tle and sheep may be increased. And this Court doth iudge 
it very expedient that some meet persons in each Towne be 
appointed and impo\STed to settle some orderly and equita- 
ble way for effecting what is propounded yearely. 

This Court being informed of y® great care and endevours 
of y® respectiue Plantat* in this Colony to procure Amuni- 
tion accordinge to law, which hitherto hath bene ineffectual!, 
Doth for this time remit the fines due from those Plantat^, ex- 
pecting the attendanc of the ord^ of y^ Colony for^ y^ future. 

This Court doth establish y^ east bounds of the Towne 
of Guilford to be the west side of Homonoscet Riuer, and 
soe to take y^ most westerly branch of that Riuer vp in the 
wild^ness. 

Mr. Henry Wolcot Sen^ and Mr. John Allyn and James 
Bishop or any two of them are desired and appointed to 
audit the Treasurers accounts, som time in January next. 

This Court grants a levy of three halfpence in y^ .£. to be 
raised on y® estate of this Colony, to pay publ: charges. 

It is ordered by this Court y^ noe p^son that is setled in 
any of y^ Counties in this Colony shalbe requireable by ver- 
tue of a summons serued on him in that County to answer 
[241] a case in another County Court. || And if the Plaintiff 
and Def liue both in one County, the triaU of the case be- 
tween such p^sons shalbe first in the County where they both 
liue. And noe p»"son shal molest his neighbour in another 
County in this Colony vnless it be in some extraordnary case 
or by mutuall consent of both parties. 

These to be put to nomination, at y^ election in May 
next : — Capt. Benjamin Nubery, Lt. James Richards, Mr. 
Alexand"" Briant, Mr. John Davenport, Mr. James Bishop, 
Mr. Anthony Howkins, Mr. Tho: Fairchild, Mr. Giles Ham- 
lin, Mr. Lawes. 

This Court doth impower the County Court at N. Hauen 
to administer the Freemans Oath to those who haue bin 
accepted by this Court as freemen, at N. Hauen, Milford and 
Brandford. 

This Court orders that Edward Higby for makeing and 



COLONY OF CONNECTICUT. 53 

mainteineing the way over Pilgrooms Harbour passable for 
man & horse, shal haue his estate & farme free of Countrey 
[rates] for this yeare and next, he mainteineing the way soe 
longe as aforesaid. 

This Court haueing heard & considered the comp^t of Mr. 
Tho: Stanton against Cuskatome and his brother in law for 
stealeing a considerable estate from him, and y*^ great ex- 
pence that he was at in app^hending and secureing the said 
Indians, and considering the recompence y' y^ law allowes in 
such cases, the whole ace' being cast vp the total sura amounts 
to twenty seauen pounds twelue shillings and two pence ; of 
which Cuskatome is to satisfy 15<£. OSs.Old, and his brother 
in law, 12£. 09s. Old. The which sums if y® Sachems or 
their freinds to whom yy doe belonge doe w'^J'in fourteen 
daies after Mr. Stanton acquaints them w'^ this ord"", pay 
vnto his satisfaction in currant pay, then these Indians in 
durance shalbe released, but if not, Mr. Stanton is hereby 
impowred to dispose of these Indians by selling or sending 
them to Barbadoes or any other English Island. And what 
ouerplus he makes to this sum the said Mr. Stanton shal 
giue acco<^ of to ye Publ: Treasurer, all future charges being 
first discounted out of what is made of them. 

This Court impowres the clerks of y* severall County 
Courts to grant Execution vpon Judgm' in any the said 
Courts, vnles appeale be entred in any the said Courts to y^ 
Court of Assistants. 

[242] This Court doth conclude to consid"" of some way 
or meanes to bring those Ecclesiastical! matters that are in 
difference in the severall Plantations, to an issue, by stateing 
some suteable accomodation and expedient there vnto, and 
doe therfore order that a Synod be called to consider and de- 
bate those matters, and that y^ Questions pi'sented to ye 
Elders and Ministers that are called to this Synod shalbe 
publiquely disputed to an issue. And this Court doth con- 
fer power to this Synod, being met and constituted, to order 
and methodize the disputation soe as may most conduce in 
their apprhension to atteine a regular issue of their debates. 

This Court orders that all ye Preacheing Elders and Min- 
5* 



54 PUBLIC RECORDS OF THE 

isters that are or shalbe setled in this Colony at y^ time of 
ye meeting of the Synod shalbe sent to to attend as members 
of ye Synod. This Court orders that Mr. Michil, Mr. Browne, 
Mr. Sherman and Mr. Glouer shalbe desired as from this 
Comi; to assist as members of this Synod. 

This Com-t orders that all these Ministers or y^ maior part 
of them meeting shal proceed as a Synod, Provided that y^ 
maior part of y^ Teacheing Elders of y^ Churches be pres- 
ent. The Synod is to meet at Hartford, vpon the 3d 
Wednesday in May. The Secretary is to send this order 
and ye Questions stated to each Minister in this Colony. 
Mr. Samii Willys and the SeCy are to write to y^ Elders in 
ye Bay to request them to attend what is here desired. 

This Court doth order that y^ Questions stated by this 
Court shalbe those that shalbe considered and publiquely 
disputed in ye Synod next May. 

It is desired by this Court and solemnly commended to ye 
Churches and people in this Jurisdiction, to suspend all 
matters controuersall and ye practice of them not formerly 
receaued and practiced in ye Churches here vntil an orderly 
decision be giuen by ye Synod in May next. 

The Questions to be disputed. 

1. Whether federall holines or couen^ interest be not y® 
propper ground of Baptisme. 

2. Whether Comunion of Ch^, as such, be not warrantable 
by the word of God. 

3. Whether the adult seed of visible beleiuers not cast out 
be not true members and the subiects of Church watch. 

4. Whether ministeriall officers are not as truly bound to 
baptize the visible disciples of X* providentially setled 
amongst them, as officially to preach the Word. 

5. Whether setled inhabitants in the Countrcy, being mem- 
[243] bers of other Churches, should haue their children || bap- 
tized amongst vs wt^out themselues first ord^ly ioyneing in 
Churciies here. 

6. Whether membership in a perticuler instituted Church 
be not essentially requisite vnd^ the gospel to intitle to bap- 
tisme. 

7. Whether adopted children and such as are bought w^^^ 
money are Couenant seed. 



COLONY OF CONNECTICUT. 55 

8. Whether things new and weighty may be manadged 
in a Church w'hout concurrence of officers and consent of 
the fraternity of the same Church ; And if things are of 
comon concernemt, then how far the consent of neighbour- 
ing Churches is to be sought for. 

9. Whether it doth not belong to y^ body of a Towne 
collectiuely, taken joyntly, to call him to be their minister 
whom the Church shal choose to be their officer. 

10. Whether the politicall and externall administracon of 
Abraham's Couen*^ be not obligatory to gospel Ch^ 

11. Vnto whom shal such persons repaire that are greiued 
at any Church process or censure, or whether they must ac- 
quiesce in the Churches sentence vnto w^h they doe belonge. 

12. Whether the laying on of hands in ordination of El- 
ders belong to Presbiters or Brethren. 

13. Whether the Church her invitation and election of an 
officer or preacheing Elder necessitates the whole Congrega- 
tion to sit downe satisfied, as bound thereby to accept him as 
their Minister though invited and setled wt^out y^ Townes 
consent. 

14. What is the Gospell way to gather or setle Ch^. 

15. From whom doe Ministers receaue their coinission to 
Baptize. ' 

16. Whether a Synod haue a decisive power. 

17. Whether it be not justifiable by the Word of God 
that Civil Authority indulge Congregation^' and Presbiterian 
Churches, and their discipline in the Churches. 

This Court declares that y^ action coinenced by Higby, 
Attourny to Post, against Mr. Crane and John Cooper, shal 
be let fall, and if the Pl^f w^il prosecute he may doe it at N. 
Hauen County Court, the Pl^fs and D'^ both liueing within 
that County and y^ evidences being there. Mr. Fen or Mr. 
Joanes are desired to signify this to Ed\v: Higby. 
[244] Francis Bell is by this Court established in the place 
and office of a Lieuetenant to y^ Traineband at Stanford. 

This Court doth appoint a solemn day of Thanksgiueing 
to be kept throwout this Colony, on the last day of this In- 
stant Octob'', to returne praise to God for his great mercy in 
the continuation of C liberties and privilidges both civil and 
eccles: & for o>" peace and preuenting those troubles we feared 
by forraigne enemies, and for his blessing in the fruits of y^ 
earth, and the Generall health continued in ye Plantations. 



56 PUBLIC RECORDS OF THE 

This Gen'i Assembly being informed by James Morgan 
and James Averyes certificate, who were appointed to lay 
out a tract of land for those Indians that are at Cosattuck, 
that the land that the Comittee appointed to be laid out for 
those Pequots comes not only wt^in the bounds of Stoning- 
ton but wil take in several mens proprieties and house lotts, 
did therfore desire the Coinittee appointed in May last to 
take ye matter into further consideration and settle that bus- 
iness, w^h Comittee haueing deliberately considered the mat- 
ter and being certified that there is a tract of land w'^out 
the bounds of Stonington, called Pochaug, that may be suf- 
ficient and suteable to supply those Pequots at Cosattuck 
for planting ground for them and their successors. Doe ther- 
fore desire and appoint Lt. Francis Griswold, Ens: Thomas 
Tracy and James Morgan to view the said place, and if 
they iudge that place suteable and sufficient, or can by any 
meanes discouer a more suteable place wt^out the bounds 
setled by the Court to Stonington, that then they lay out for 
those Indians, two or three miles square, to be for the vse & 
benefit of those Indians and their successors.* And the said 
Lieut. Griswold, Ens: Tracey and James Morgan are to 
consider what worke those Indians haue done at Cosattuck 
in breakeing up ground and fenceing there ; and to endeau- 
or a composition betwixt Stonington people and those In- 
dians for the said labour ; and if they cannot bring them to 
agreemt then those men are to determine what shalbe paid 
to those Indians by Ston: people for the labour improued on 
Cosattuck lands, which shalbe forthwith paid by the people 
of Stonington. And soe those Indians are to make prep- 
aration to depart from Cosattuck to plant themselues on the 
[245] place laid out to them by those three men, by || the 
first of Aprill next ensueingc. And those Indians are to se- 
cure their planting land from damadge by English mens 
Cattle. And further, this Coinittee doth establish Hermon 

• Nov. 5, 1C66 : " It was voated that the townsmen shall with all expedition send unto those 
men which are by order of Court deputed to lay out the Indians land which are now at Cow- 
issatuck ; and to provile for their comforts." [Ston. Town Rec. Vol. I.] 



COLONY OF CONNECTICUT. 



67 



Garret* in his Gouermt ouer those Ind^s, hereby ordering 
him to take the advice and counsel of Wacotiant, repairinge 
in difficulties to those that the Court haue appointed to as- 
sist him in Stonington ; and that Tomsquash doe not any- 
further meddle in matt"" of Gouerm^ ouer those Pequot In- 
dians now at Cosattuck, nor any way to interrupt Hermon 
in his Gouerm'. This determination approued and estab- 
lished by this Assembly, Octobr IS, 66, attests, Daniel Clark 
Secy. 



At a Court of Election held at Hartford, 
May 9th, 1667. 

These Nominated to Election. Elected. ' 

John Winthrop Esq"" John Winthrop Esqf, GouERNr 

Major Jno Mason s. Major Mason, Dspt Gov^. 

Mr. Matthew Allyn Assistants. 

Mr. Samuel Willis s Mr. Matthew Allyn 

Mr. Nathan Gold s Mr. Samuel Willis 

Capt. Jno Talcott s Mr. Nathan Gold 

Mr. Henery Woolcot s Capt. Jno Talcot 

Leifet Jn" Allyn s Mr. Henery Woolcot 

Mr. Samii Sherman s Lief' John Allyn 

Mr. Wm. Leet s Mr. Sam^i Sherman 

Mr. Willia Joanes s Mr. Wm. Leet 

Mr. Benjamin Fen 5 Mr. Wm. Joanes 

* Hermon Garrett (elsewhere called Weqiiash. VVequash Cook, Cushawashet, &c.) was a 
younger brother of the Wequash who guided Capt. Mason's forces to the Mystic Fort, in the 
Pequot war of 1637. He was a son of Momojoshuck, (or Wettamozo.) a great Niantic sachem, 
who lived near where Ninigret's fort stood in 1G99, — some four or five miles east of Pawcatuck 
River. After the death of VVequash, Hermon Garrett assumed his name and claimed to suc- 
ceed him as Sachem. But his right was contested by Ninigret, (a younger brother of Momojo- 
shuck and who had married Hermon Garrett's sister,) on tlie ground that the sons of Momojo- 
shuck were not of the whole blood. In a deed given by Hermon Garrett in 167-2, he describes 
himself as ''?achem or prince and rightful owner of" certain lands within the reputed bounds 
of Stonington, (east of Pawcatuck River,) which lands were "given to his eldest brother We- 
quascooke by his father Wettamozo and at his brother VVequascook's death given to him, the 
said Hermon Garrett, or alias Wequascook, as the next brother and heire." [Col. Rec. of Lands, 
L 435.] See Rec. Comm'rs U. Colonies, in Hazard, IL 464, 465 : Potter's Hist, of Narragan- 
sett, pp. 64, 65. 



58 



PUBLIC RECORDS OF THE 



Mr. Jasper Crane 
Capt. Daniell Clarke 
Capt. Benj: Newbury 
Mr. James Richards 
Mr. Alex: Bryant 
Mr. James Bishop 
Mr. Jno Davenport 
Mr. Anthony Howkins 
Mr. Tho: Fairechild 
Mr. Giles Hamlyn 
Mr. Lawes. 
[246] Deputyes. 
Mr. Wm. Wadsworth 
Mr. Jos. Fitch 
Jno Moore 
John Loomis 
Mr. James Bishop 
Jn" Mosse 
Sam'i Boreman 
St Jno Notte 
Mr. Jno Clarke 
Mr. Willia East 
Mr. W'" Hill 
Mr. Cornelius Hul 
Mr. Tho: Fairchild 
Ens: Jos: Judson 
Mr, Robt Chapman 
Zach: Sanford 
Mr. Anth: Howkins 
Serjt Jno Stanley 
Mr. Gyles Hamlyn 
Nath: White 
Leift James Averey 
Mr. Cary Latham 
Jno Fowler 
W'" Johnson 
Mr. Edw: Grisell 



s Mr. Benj: Fen 

Ml". Jaspar Crane 
s Capt. Daniell Clarke 

Capt. Jno Talcot, Treasurer. 
s Leift Jno Allyn, Sec". 

Those that are marked wth ye 
letter S are sworne to their 
respectiue places. 



These were sworne : — ^Jno Strong, 
Jo'» Grant, Timothy Buckland, Jno 
Moor junior, Edward Chapman, 
Mr. Henery Woolcot junior, Sam'i 
Wheeler, Tho: Hucksley, David En- 
signe, Henery Grime, Edw: Higby, 
Jno Ward, Anthony Martin, Edw: 
Turner, David Sage, Mr. Eliezer 
Kimberly, Alex: Kenoy, Jos: Wright, 
Jos: Smith, Jno Cornwall, Tho: An- 
drews, Jonathan Selick, Jno Mitch- 
el, Nath: Stanley, Saunders Martu- 
gal, Henry Buck, Jos: Bull, Tho: 
Bance, Stephen Osmore, Jno Sey- 
more. 

This Court orders that yo towne 
of Homonoscit shal for ye future 
be named Kenilworth, & for y 
brand of horses they shal have y^ 
letter V on y" near buttock. 

This Court doth recomend it to 
ye Town of Fairefeild to settle ye 
land that hath been vnder ye im- 
provem* of ye farm^s at Banckside 
to y'" &c y heires for ever by a 
firme record.* 



•A copy of articlea of agreement between the "farmers of Miixamus alias called Bank- 
side," and the town of Fairfield, executed June 29th, 1C06, is in Towns & Lands, Vol. VL 



COLONY OF CONNECTICUT. 



59 



Leift Josias Hull Although the Court by formr or- 

Jno Wilford d"" hath prohibited al persons from 

Tho: Blackley pleading as Attourneys in y^ be- 

Leift Rich: Olmsteed halfe of any person y' is charged 
Serj"^ Walter Hoit & prosecuted for delinquency, yet 

Robert Vsher absent it is observed persons doe not at- 

Francis Browne tend y^ mind of this Court yin ; 

Mr. Jno Bud for ye pfventing w'of, & y^ persons 

Mr. Tho: Stanto Seni" ahs. may not be encouraged in y evil 
Jro Gallop practises, it is by this Court or- 

Fran: Grisel absent dered, y' what person or persons 

Tho: Tracey. soever shal take that boldnes to 

himselfe as to plead or speake in ye behalfe of any person 
that is vpon examination or tryal for delinquency, (except he 
speake directly to matter of law & with leave from y*^ author- 
ity p^sent) he shal pay ten shillings to y^ Publick Treasure 
as a fine, or sit in y* stocks one hour, for every such offence. 

This Court doth remit y*^ 60 pounds yt was to be payd by 
New Haven, Milford, Brandford, & Guilford to Mr. Roses- 
ter ; and it is to be payd out of y® Publike Treasury. 

This Court doth for y° future free y® several Com''s in y^ 
respectiue Plantations in this Colony, whyle they so stand, 
y persons from being put into y*^ List of Estates by which 
rates are made. 

Whereas y^ Treasurer hath seised upon y^ bowsing and 
part of y° lands of James Wakely, for a forfeiture of a bond 
to y^ Court w^h amounted to y® sume of one hundred & fif- 
ty pounds, of weh fifty pound was abated, this Court orders 
y® Treasurer to make sale of y® sayd housing and land for 
y'^ benefit of y® Country. And himselfe and y® Secretary are 
to signe the deed of sale in y^ name and behalfe of this 
Court and Corporation. 

Vpon y« petition of Mi\ Tho: Wels & Mr. Pitkin, in be- 

Doc, 283. It provides for the union of the plantation at Bankside with the town, guaranteeing 
to the five farmers who first settled there, their right of possession to all the lands enclosed by 
them and equal shares in future allotments of town lands. The Farmers named were The 
Newton, Danl. Frost, Henry Gray, John Green and Fras. Andrus. In a copy of the original 
agreement of 1648, (from the Fairfield Records,) between the town and the planters, the name 
is written Machamux. [T. & Lands, I. 52.] 



60 PUBLIC RECORDS OF THE 

halfe of several persons who are proprietors in y^ land adjoin- 
ing to y^ East side of Couecticut River, that they might be 
freed fro fencing their land there, this Court doth for y^ future 
graunt liberty to y^ proprietors y on y*^ East side y* sayd 
River, to forbear fencing there, til y° Court hath further con- 
sidered y^ matter, & order that y*^ inhabitants of each Towne 
[247] whoe are concerned in y^ || land doe consider what 
may be most advantageous for y*^ private and y^ publike 
good, & make return to y® Court, October next. 

Vpon y*^ motion of y^ Deputys of Farmington, this Court 
doth declare that [thei/] doe grant y*^ sayd Towne liberty to 
improve y land as formerly, wti'out fencing it otherwise y^ 
they have done formerly, notw^^gtanding any form"^ ordr. 

These were p^^sented to stand for freemen: — Mr. Nath: 
Collins, IVIr. Sam" Collins, Henry Cole, Sam" Cornewal, 
Georg Durant, Jno Owen, Abraha Felps, Daniel Hayden, 
Nath: Pinney, Tho: Maschal, W'" Barber, Jos: Wilkinson, 
Eliezer Isbell, James Topping, Jaspar Clemens, Tho: Raiiey, 
Mr. George Sanders. 

This Court confirms Abraha Post Ens: of y^ Trayne 
Band of Say-brooke. 

This Court made choice of Mr. Mathew Allyn to be Mod- 
erator in Courts in y*^ absence of the Gov & Dep'y Gov. 

This Court remits what is or shal be due fro Black 
Hal this year & y'' next, to y® Country for y proportion of 
Rates. 

This Court orders y* ye Plantation on y^ East side y« 
River over ag' Say-brooke for y future be named Lyme. 

This Court doth order & impower y several officers & 
ministers of justice in this Colony, vpon y^ examinat" or tryall 
of any person or persons brought before y" for delinquency 
if any such persons shal in y^ wordes or actions carry it con- 
temptuously or disorderly, to inflict such punishm* vpon y™ 
as they shal judg most suitable to y^ nature of their offence, 
provided noe particular minister of justice shal inflict any 
punishmt [o^Aer] yi imprisonm^ or stocking or binding y" to 
ye peace or good behavior til y^ next County Court in y' 
County, or a fine not exceeding twenty shillings. 



COLONY OF CONNECTICUT. 



61 



There being a prison already onely erected in y^ County 
of Hartford, and such provision wanting in y^ other Countys 
to secure delinquents to a tryall &c: This Court doth order 
ye several countys speedyly to provide & mayntaine in ye 
County Towne of each County, a prison or house of correction 
for ye vse aforesayd ; & for encouragemt of ye several Coun- 
tys that shal accomplish what is ordered between this & ye 
first of December next, this Court doth order twelve pounds 
to each County y' shal attend ye same, to be payd by ye 
Treasurers order of ye next Country Rate ; if any County 
shal not have accomplished this order by ye time aforesayd) 
they shal forfeit twenty pounds to ye Publique Treasury. 

It is ordered by this Court, that for every Wolfe y* is 
killed by any person y shal be payd to him eight shillings by 
ye Towne in whose bownd ye Wolfe is killed & eight shil- 
lings by ye Country out of ye Publike Treasury, provided y^ 
be a certificate brought to ye Treasurer fro ye Constable of ye 
Towne in whose bounds ye Wolfe was killed to certify ye 
same ; this to stand notw^^^standing any former order. 

This Court orders that y shalbe a Grand Jury of twelve 
able men at least, warned to appeare at ye County Courts 
[248] yearly, in ye several countys (at Hartford || on ye first 
Thursday in March ; at New London on ye first Wednesday 
in June; at New Haven on ye 2"'' Wednesday in June; at 
Fairefeild on ye 2'!^ Teusday in March ; or oftner if ye 
Judges of ye sayd Courts see meet,) to make pi'sentm' of ye 
breaches of any laws or orders or any other misdemeanor's 
they shal know of in y^ respective Countys. 

For ye prventio of ye breach of ye Sabbath by the Indians 
wthin ye English limits, it is ordered by this Court, that 
w^ever. Indian or Indians shal labor or play on ye Sabbath 
wthin ye English limits & on ye English lands, he shal pay 
five shillings as a fine, halfe to ye Publike Treasury, ye other 
halfe to ye party discovering the same, or sit in ye stocks one 
hour ; any one Assist: or Com^ to heare and determine any 
such case ; this order is to be made knowne to ye Indians by 
ye Constables in each Pla^tati6. 

This Court orders yt for ye future ye prices of Horses, in ye 
6 



62 



PUBLIC RECORDS OF THE 



List of Estates, shalbe as foUoweth : Horses & Mares of four 
veers old 6c vpwards shalbe valued at 8 pound pt" peice ; 
those of 3 yeer old & vantage, six pound pf horse ; those of 
tw'"o yeer old & vantage, four pound a peice ; those of one 
yeer old & vantage, two pound a peice. 

This Court desired & appointed Mr. S. Willis, Mr. Nathan 
Gold, Mr. Wm Joanes, JMr. W^ Wadsworth, Mr. James 
Bishop, Mr. W™ Hill, Mr. Edward Grisell, as a Comittee to 
wayt vpon ye Governor to receive fro him such reasons as he 
shal p^sent for his desires to lay downe his place ; as also to 
returne such answers as they shal see cause to returne ; & yy 
also are desired to vse their endeavor^ to p''swade him to ac- 
cept of ye place he is chosen to, & to make returne to y^ 
Court. 

* Whereas it is found by experiance that several persons are 
very injurious to ye comforts of their neighbours, by throweing 
down the fences & barrs and leaveing open the gates of corn- 
feilds & meadowes, & not setting them up or shutting them 
agayne, whereby much damage doth often come to the pro- 
prietors of such feilds or meadowes. For the prevention where- 
of, it is ordered by this Court, that whosoever shall throw 
down or leave open any gates, barrs or fences of any corn- 
feild or meadow, he shall pay as a fine for every such defect 
thirty shillings, fifteen shillings to the person complayneing 
&c proueing the same, the rest to the proprietors of the sayd 
feild, and answer all other damages that shall come thereby, 
any one Assistant or two Conies to heare and determine any 
such case. 

This Court haueing heard the complaynt made against 
Capt" Georg Denison, wti> y'' euidences referring thereto, doe 
find that in a letter by him writtto some of Warwick he hath 
blemisliedthis Court & one of the principle members thereof, 
& that he hath not bin soe carefull as he ought of his en- 
gagement to this Colony, but hath fayled therein in not duely 
mayntaineing the honour of the Court & Magistrates thereof; 
for which this Court doth adjudge him to pay as a fine for 

• Secretary Allyn's record comtnences here, and all that follows, to the end of the volume, is 
in his hand writing. 



COLONY OF CONNECTICUT. 



63 



his misdemeanor therein Tenn pownds, and that he shall 
give in Twenty pownd bond for his good behauiour till the 
Court at New London, Nouember next. This Court upon 
the humble petition of Capt"^ Denison, saw cause to release 
him from his bond for his good behauiour. 

This Court doth refer the confirmation of the Lieutenant 
& Ensigne of Stanford to Mr. Gold, Mr. Sherman & Mr. 
Hill, upon full & cleare evidence of their free election. 

This Court doth confirm .Joseph Horton, L^t to the trayn 
band of Rye. Mr. Lawes is to administer the oath to the 
Constable of Rye. 

[249] Mr. Richard Lawes & Mr. John Holly are chosen 
Commissioners for the Townes of Standford, Greenwich & 
Rye, and to assist in the execution of justice at the courts at 
Fayrefeild for the yeare ensueing. 

Mr. Mathew Campfeild is chosen Comissioner for the 
towne of Nor wake and to assist in the execution of justice at 
the courts at Fayrefeild. 

Mr. Wm Hill is chosen Comissioner for Fayrefeild. 

Mr. Thomas Fayrechild is chosen Coiriissioner for Strat- 
ford. 

Mr. Alexander Bryant & Mr. John Clarke, Coihissioners 
for Milford. 

Mr. Jeams Bishop, Mr. Mathew Gilbert, Mr. John Daven- 
port, Captn John Nash, Com^s for New Haven. 

Mr. Robt Kitchel & Mr. George Hubbard, Com'-s for Guil- 
ford. 

Mr. Edward Griswold, Corn'" for Kenilworth. 

Mr. Robt Chapman & L^t W" Pratt, Com^s for Saybrook 
& Lyme. 

Mr. Edward Palmes & L"* James Avery, Mr. Dan^i With- 
erly, Mr. Wm. Duglas, are chosen Cornrs for N. London. 

Mr. Tho: Stanton is Com'" for Stonington. 

Mr. Giles Hamlin, Commissioner for Middleton. Mr. 
Samii Wells, Corn'" for Wethersfeild. Mr. Anthony How- 
kins, Com"" for Farmington. John Wilford, for Brandford. 

Mr. Leete, Mr. Joanes & Mr. Fen are desired to adminis- 
ter the oath of a magistrate to Mr. Crane, & to the Comfs of 



64 PUBLIC RECORDS OF THE 

New Haven, Guilford, & INIilford that yet are not sworne, 
any one of y™ to administer the oath of a Com'". And Mr* 
Gold or INIr. Sherman to administer the oath of Com^ to Mr. 
Lawes & Mr. Campfeild, Mr. Holly and Mr. Fayrechild ; Mr. 
Robt Chapman to administer the oath to L"t Pratt. 

This Court haveing heard the returne of the committee that 
were desired to treat w^^ fhe Gouernour, doe still desire the 
GouernC to accept of the place he is chosen to and that he 
may be the better inabled to attend the same, this Court doth 
firee the Governors estate that is in this Colony from Coun- 
try Rates for this yeare, and order that a hundred and twelue 
pownds be payd to him out of the publique Treasury, for this 
yeare. 

This Court orders that what shall be justly due for the 
hyer of a chamber for the keeping of the Country Rate in the 
respective Townes, from the time of the gathering of it till it 
is payd, it shall be allowed & payd by the Countrye. 

Vpon the petition of Edward Wooster, in the behalfe of 
some of Pawgasuck, that they may be encouraged to make 
a plantation or vilage there, This Court doth order, that if 
there be a sufficient number appeare betwixt this & October 
com two year, as will engage to make a plantation there and 
mayntayne an orthodox minister, that they may be in a 
capeable way to enjoy the ordinances of God and civill order 
amongst them, this Court shall be ready to conferr such 
priuiledges upon them as may be for their comfort ; provided 
in the mean time and till they have a minister amongst them- 
selves they shall pay their proportions towards the mainten- 
ance of the ministry of Milford, and the repayre of there meet- 
ing house ; and they are to receive no inhabitant to them 
wti'out approbation from Mr. Bryant, Mr. Bishop, Mr. Fayre- 
child & Mr. John Clarke, and that they shall not impropriate 
any more land to themselves then at present they doe pos- 
sesse. 

Vpon the petition of Mr. Eliz: Way for a release of a 
percell of Rum seized by the Custome-master of Windsor, 
which the sayd Mr. Way doth affirme he entered w'^ the 
Custome-master of Middleton, Mr. Way engageing to this 



COLONY OF CONNECTICUT. 



65 



Court that when he shall be called he will make it appeare 
that the Rumm seized is the same entered at Middleton, 
This Court hereby orders the Custome-master to releas to 
Mr. Way or his order the Rumme seized. 

Vpon the petition of John Plumbe, this Court doth order 
the Treasurer to pay unto John Plumbe in leiw of the 
Rumme by the Custome-master seized, five pownds. This 
Court remitts the tenn shillings for his petition. 

The Court voated that the returne of the Jury in the ac- 
tion of reviewe wherein Thomas Burnham was plaintife and 
Barth: Barnard & Wm. Pitkin were defends, at the County 
Court at Hartford, March last, doth not take off the first ver- 
dict of the Jury, Octob^ 30th, 1666.* 

[250] Vpon the petition of the inhabitants of Thirty Miles 
Island,! this Court desired & impowered Mr. Samii Willys, 
Mr. Wm Wadsworth, Mr. Giles Hamlin & Samii Boreman 
or any three of them to be a committe in the behalfe of this 

• " At a spetiall County Court called at Hartford, Octobr 30, '6G :— Wni. Pitkin and Berthlo: 
Bernard, Fits, contra Tlio: Burnam Dft. in an action ofy« case for a devision of y' lands in his 
possession in Windsor bounds at Podunk, by virtue of tlieire purchase from Jacob iMigat. In 
this action the Jury find for y^Plamtifsa devision of land according to disbursm's and costs of 
Court. The Defi enters a review at y« next County Court in March ensueinge." [Court Rec. 
iii. 56,1 In the action of revievs', tried at the March Court, " the Jury returne that they find 
neither for Pltf. nor Defend^." [Ibid, CO.] 

The land in controversy was the undivided half of a tract on thfe east side of Connecticut 
River, in the townships of Hartford and Windsor, which had been purchased by Thomas 
Burnham and Jacob Mygatt, of Tantonimo the sachem of the Podunk Indians. In May, 1CG6, 
Mygalt sold his interest in these lands to Wm. Pitkin and Barth. Barnard — who soon after de- 
manded from Burnham a division of the land, and surrender of possession. On his refusal to 
comply, they brought an action against him in the County Court. [The files in this case, in- 
cluding Mygatt's deed, numerous depositions, pleas, &.C., are in " Private Controversies" Vol. I. 
Docs. 29—47.] 

t Subsequently named Haddam. The petition referred to is as follows: — 

"To the Hon'^d Gen: Asserabley now sitting in Hartford. The humble petition of the inhab- 
itants of the plantation at Thirty Myle Island, sheweth, That whereas your Petit" had a graunt 
of our plantation from the Hon''<l Gen: Assembly, Octob. 4th, 1660, and vv-ee accordingly did 
settle there, and since there hath arissen som trouble about the lands because our bounds are 
only settled in general! terms in the said graunt ; and your pet" haue formerly requested a 
more partickular settlement, but the Committee appointed thereunto hath done nothing in it, 
wee humbly pray this Hon''J Assembly that our bounds may bee fully settled on euery side ac- 
cording to the true intent of the said graunt, and for a cessation of controversies, and for this 
Honrd Court y" Petis shall ever pray &c. 

May 16th, 1667. In the name and by the order of the inhabitants, 

subscribed by mee, James Bate." 

[T. & Lands, Vol. I. 92.] 

6* 



66 



PUBLIC RECORDS OF THE 



Court to consider of the difference between Saybrook & the 
sayd plantation of Thirty Mile Island, about there bownds, 
and to bring it to the best issue they can & make returns 
what they shall doe, at the Court in October next. 

These are to stand vpon tryall for freeman, from New 
Haven ; Abram Dickerman, W™ Bassett, John Herryman, 
Ephraim How, Jeremy Howe, Sam^i Street, Daniel Sherman, 
John Cooper Jun"", Sam^i Munson, Joseph Mosse, John 
Gilberd, Windal Johnson, John Hall Jun"", John Thomas 
Senr, John Miles, Edward Perkins, Sam^^ Miles, Isack Tur- 
ner, James Clarke, Mathew Moulthrop Jun^, Ellis Mew, John 
Potter, James Denison, John Assabell, Samii Hemaway: — 

For Farmington; Sam'' Cole, Benjamen Jud, Zachary 
Seimore, Richard Seimore, Isack Boreman, Sam^ Hall Jun^. 

This Com-t appoynted 66 impowered an Indian named 
Daniel to assist Casinamen in the Gouerment of the Pequits 
committed to his charge ; and the sayd Governours are here- 
by impowered to appoynt a constable amongst themselves. 
This to stand for this yeare ensueing. 

This Court doth not see cause to grant Mr. Richard Ely 
his petition. 

Vpon complaynt made to this Court that divers persons 
have thrust themselves into the severall Plantations of this 
Colony, to the unjust disturbance of the same, for prevention 
thereof, this Court doth order that for the future whatsoever 
person or persons doe com into any Towne & after warning 
giuen him to depart shall there abide wt^out leaue of y^ select- 
men of each Towne or the respective Townes themselues, 
shall forfeit Twenty shillings by the weeke to the Towne 
Treasury where he so remaynes, for euery such default in 
this kind : and in default of payment to sit in the stocks and 
there remayne the space of one hower, or otherwise be cor- 
porally punished, & so from weeke to weeke, the time he 
shall remayne in the sayd Towne ; any one Assistant or Com- 
missioner to hear and issue any such case. 

Capt" John Talcott, ye Secretly & Capt" Dan^^ Clarke are 
desired to journey to New London and assist the Deputy 
Governour in keeping Court there in June next. 



COLONY OP CONNECTICUT. 67 

"Whereas the Gen^i Assembly in October last did see a 
necessity to take some course for the stateing and issueing 
of such ecclesiasticall matters and questions as are amongst 
us, and therefore thought it expedient to call the seuerall 
ministers in this Colony to conveen togather to consider of 
and dispute such questions as by the sayd Court should be 
presented to them, and in that order stiled them a Synod, 
vpon farther consideration this Court sees cause to vary that 
title, and to stile them an Assembly of the ministers of this 
Colony called together by the Generall Court for the discurs- 
ing of the questions stated according to former order. 

This Court doth gi'ant the Town of Fayrefeild liberty to 
runn their bownds northwards soe farre as Stratford bownds 
goes, which is twelue miles. 

Norwalke hath allso liberty from this Court granted to 
them to runn their bownds northwards so farr as Fayrefeild 
bowndes goeth, which is twelue miles. 

This Court being duely sencible of the great trouble & 
contention that doth and may arise in this Corporation by 
reason of the great defects that are fownd in records and 
alienations of houses and lands, that due forme of law not 
being duely attended which is requisit in such affayres, for 
the prevention whereof, and that future trouble may be 
avoyded and Righteousness and Justice may be mayntayned. 
It is ordered by the Authority of this Court, that what person 
or persons soever shall stand possessed of any house or houses, 
percell or percels of lands wt'un this Colony, w'^out being 
interupted by lawe w^'^in the space of twelve moneths & a 
day after the publication hereof, such person or persons hath 
hereby full power to enter and record the same to himselfe 
and his heirs, in the book of Records of that towne where the 
sayd houses and land lyeth, payeing a meet recompence to 
the recorder of the Towne for his paynes ; and a record under 
the recorder's hand and one of the selectmen w^h an Assist- 
ant or Commissioner shall be a sufficient and legal evidence 
[251] to all and every person or || persons that shall have the 
same to all intents, ends and purposes for the holding of the 
same firme to him, his heu's & assignes forever, provided this 



68 PUBLIC RECORDS OF THE 

law includes not orphans under age and proprietors in for- 
raighn parts. 

Whereas in an order already established there is a liberty 
granted to the Plaintife either to w'^draw his prosecution 
upon ordinary summons or attachment before the court, or 
non-suit himselfe in the prosecution before judgment, which 
in cases of reveiwe upon judgment recouered for debts due 
upon specialties, or otherwise, may prove very prejudicial! to 
the creditor to keep him out of his estate, by reason of that 
liberty that the lawe allowes, that vpon non-suit the Plaintife 
may renewe his processe at an other court, for prevention 
whereof, this Court hereby orders that no Perticuler Court in 
this Colony shall grant a reveiw in cases of the afoarsayd 
nature, but where the defendant doth make appeare to the 
sayd Court some speciall consideration that cannot by him 
be foreseen or prevented for the defence of his case, and if the 
Court see cause to grant a reveiw upon considerations before 
mentioned, the person reveiwing shall w'^out farther trouble 
rest in the judgment upon the reveiwe or proceed to appeale 
according to order established, and his w'^'draweing or non- 
suit in the reveiwe shall be the establishment of the first judg- 
ment in order to the issueing forth execution. 

This Court heartily recommends it to the inhabitants of 
New Haven and Milford by a committee to meet together 
and agree about there bownds ; and it is desired that y^ 
towne of New Haven would so farr condesendto there neigh- 
bours of Milford as to alowe them a sufficiency of land for an 
outlett into the wildernesse. 

Jonathan & John Sillick, by reson of the losse befell them 
in there last voyage, petitioning this Court, ye Court remitts 
unto Jonath: & John Sillick, Three pounds & Ten shillings, 
provided Mr. Bryant alowe them the rest of their custome. 

This Court grants unto Farmington to runn their bounds 
from the Rownd Hill to the southward tenn miles, provided 
it doth not prejudice any former grant to any towne or per- 
ticuler person. 

Mr. "William Leete & Mr. Sam^i Willys are chosen Com- 
missioners for this yearc, and Mr. Mathew Allyn for a reserve. 



COLONY OF CONNECTICUT. 



69 



This Court joyned Major Mason to the Committees for 
the Militia. 

This Court impowered the severell Committees in cases of 
exegency and extremity by reason of an enemie, to order and 
determine what to doe in poynt of giveing and receiveing 
quarter and makeing compositions w^h a forraighne enemie. 

This Court is adjourned till the Governour, Deputy Gov- 
ernour or the Assistants of the County of Hartford shall see 
cause to call it againe. 



[252] A Generall Assembly held at Hartford, October 

10th, 1667. 



John Winthrop Esq"", Gov. 

Assistants. 
Mr. Math: Allyn 
Mr. Wm. Leete 
Mr. Samii WiUys 
Captn Nathan Gold 
Captn John Talcott 
Mr. Henry Woolcott 
Mr. Benj: Fenn 
CaptQ Dan: Clark 
Lit John Allyn, Sec^'t/ 
Mr. Sam^i Sherman. 

Deputies. 
Mr. Wm. Wadsworth 
Mr. Jos: Fitch 
Captn Benj: Newbury 
Deacon John Moore 
Mr. James Bishop 
Mr. John Mosse 
Mr. John Clarke 
Mr. Wm. East 
Mr. John Deming 
Sargt John Nott 



The inhabitants of Windsor 
haveing improued themselues in 
building a forte, this Court for 
there incouragement doe release 
the Traine soldiers of Windsor 
two dayes of their training this 
Michael Tide and one day in 
the spring. 

This Court doth desire and ap- 
poynt James Steele and George 
Graue Jun^ to measure out the 
bownds of Wethersfeild, on the 
east side of the great Riuer, from 
Hartford bownds to the sowth 
bownds of Wethersfeild and to 
state it, and Wethersfeild & 
Mi die Ton are to alowe the sayd 
James Steele & Georg Graue a 
meet recompence for the same. 

The Honor-^ Commissioners 
of the Vnited Colonyes at their 
meeting at Hartford, Septi" last, 
haueing recommended it to the 



70 



PUBLIC RECORDS OF THE 



Mr. Wm. HiU 
Mr. John Burr 
Mr. Anth: Howkins 
Sarjt John Standly 
Lnt James Avery 
Mr. Gary Latham 
Mr. Robt Chapman 
Lnt Wm. Pratt 
Mr. Josep: Hawley 
Ln<^ Wm. Curtice 
]VIr. Giles Hamlin 
Wm. Cheeny 
Mr. Thom: Stanton 
Sarjt John Minor 
Sarjt Walter Hoyte 
John Gregory 
John Fowler 
Wm. Johnson 
Mathew Griswold 
Wm. Heyden 
Lt Francis Griswold 
Ens: Thorn: Tracy 
Jonathan Reynold 
Peter Ferret 
John Willford. 



Generall Courts of the severall Col- 
onyes, that when questions of pub- 
lique concernm' about matters of 
fayth & order doe arise in any Colo- 
ny, that the decission thereof should 
be referred to a Sinod or Councill of 
Messengers of churches indifferently 
called out of the Vnited Colonyes, 
by an orderly agreement of all the 
Generall Courts, and that the place 
of meeting be at or neer Boston, And 
whereas the Reverend Mr. John War- 
ham, Mr. Samii Hooker & Mr. John 
Whitting, by a writing subscribed by 
them, presented the desires of the 
Assembly of Ministers of this Colony, 
that there might be a more generall 
convention of meet persons sent from 
the churches from the Massachusetts 
& oi'selves, for the consideration and 
decission of such questions as haue 
beeneby this Assembly, Octob"", sixty- 
six, presented to the sayd assembly of 
Ministers, This Court haueing con- 



sidered the premises thought good to 
declare that those Questions formerly stated, Octob"", sixty- 
six, and recommended to the sayd assembly of Ministers, May 
last, have not as yet had any decission : And that they doe 
desire the seuerall churches & plantations in this Colony, 
upon theire owne charge, to send their teaching elders or 
ministers to joyne in councill w^h such of the Massachusetts 
& Plimouth as shall be appoynted to attend the consideration 
and issue of such controversall poynts, and desire that the 
same may be signifyed to the Generall Assembly of the Mas- 
sachusets ;* and that they are desired to appoynt the time & 
place of meeting, if they see cause. 

This Court appoynts Mr. W™ Wadsworth and James 



See Appendix, No. IV, 



COLONY OF CONNECTICUT. 71 

Steele to divide unto John Allyn, W™ Lewes, and the Widow 
Lord, their proportion of land (according to record & grant of 
the Towne of Hartford,) in the North Meadow, and to bownd 
it out to them, and to make reporte to the Court in May next, 
who will consider what is to be attended for the confirming 
of the same. 

This Court, upon the petition of the inhabitants of Kenil- 
worth,* doe hereby declare and give them theire approbation 
and encouragemt to gather themselues into church order, ac- 
cording to the order of the gospell. . 

These were sworne in Court for Freemen ; Abram Phelps, 
Nathan Pinney, Timothy Palmer & John Owen. 

This Court doth approue of Isack Phelps, Daniel Heyden, 
Thomas Mascall, John Sheare, Nathn Bissell, Sam" Filly, 
Owen Tuder, to be freemen, and desire Mr. Math: Allyn to 
administer the oath of freedome to them. 
[253] The list of the estates of the seuerall Plantations are 
as followeth : — 

Hartford persons & estate is £ 17000 : 00 : 00 

New Haven persons & estate is £ 16580 : 00 : 00 

Milford persons & estate is £ 09279 : 00 : 00 

Saybrook persons & estate is £ 05432 : 15 : 00 

Norwalk persons & estate is £ 05061 : 05 : 00 

Norwich persons and estate is £ 03786 : 12 : 00 

Stonington persons & estate is £ 04702 : 19 : 00 

Middle Ton persons & estate is £ 03593 : 10 : 00 

* The original petition is in Ecclesiastical Papers, Vol. I. Doc. 13 : — 

" May it please the Honoured Court : Whereas the plenary enjoyment of all the sacred ordi- 
nances & institutions of Christ, and all possible communion with him therein is that one thing 
that we should desire and seeke after, and all tedious and unnecessary remissenesse in the pros- 
ecution of so sacred a designe, grandly culpable ; and forasmuch as the Hon''^ Generall Court 
haue formerly in their wisdome established that no persons or inhabitants within this Colony 
imbody themselves in a church without their favourable approbation ; We, the inhabitants of 
the Towne of Kenelmeworth, in obedience to so, not more just then, necessary a law, humbly 
craue and entreat their benigne aspect and approoving allowance of so profitable and desireable 
a worke as the gathering of our selves into church order for the full and regular enjoyeing of 
the aforesayd ordinances and institutions. As we therefore beseech your acceptance of us & 
incourageraent to us in this proceeding, so we humbly implore the Eye of Almighty God to 
guide you in all your Affaires. John Woodbridge. 

Octob. ll"i, '67. Edward Griswold, Will. Heayden, 

In the name &. w^^ the consent of the rest." 



72 PUBLIC RECORDS OF THE 

Guilford persons & estate is <£ 06719 : 16 : 03 

Wethersfeild persons & estate is £ 11775 : 11 : 04 

Windsor persons & estate is £ 14562 : 10 : 00 

Rye persons & estate is £ 01721 : 00 : 00 

Standford persons & estate is £ 05539 : 13 : 00 

Greenwich persons & estate is £ 01632 : 14 : 00 

Brand ford persons & estate is £ 02371 : 00 : 00 

New London persons & estate is £ 08463 : 06 : 00 

Farmington persons & estate is £ 06712 : 00 : 00 

Stratford, persons & estate is £ 08827 : 06 : 00 

Fayrefeild persons and estate is £ 10637 : 08 : 00 

£ 144398 : 06 : 09 

Mr. Howkins to administer the oath of freedome to those 
of Farmington propownded last Court in May : 

Mr. Joanes & Mr. Bishop to administer the oath of free- 
dome to those of New Haven propownded as afoars^ : 

Mr. Hamlin to attend the same seruice in administring the 
oath of freedome to those of Midleton : 

Mr. Griswould to administer the oath of freedome to those 
propownded for freemen of Kennilworth : 

Mr. Wells to administer the oath of freedome to those pro- 
pownded of Wethersfeild. 

Adam Hurd, John Birdseye Sen"", Sam^i Blackman, Israel 
Curtice, are accepted as freemen, & Mr. Sherman to admin- 
ister the oath of freedom to them. 

This Court accepts of Mr. Buckley, INIr. Woodbridge & 
Mr. Chancy of Stratford to be freemen, to be sworne with 
the rest : and Moses Wheeler. 

This Court accepts of John Rusco, Nath: Hayes, Sam^l 
Hayes & Rob^ Steward for freemen. 

Vpon the motion of Mr. Whiting, Mr. Buckly, Mr. Haynes, 
& Mr. Stone, to this Court, to know what they expect from 
the Assembly of ministers in refl'erence to theire meeting ac- 
cording to their adjournment, this Court doth rcturne that 
they purpose to make a motion to the Generall Assembly of 
the Massachusetts for a more Generall Convention. 



COLONY OF CONNECTICUT. 73 

These are to stand for nomination for freemen : Daniel 
Baldwin, Eleazer Rogers, Andrew Sandford, in Milford. 

In Guilford; Richard Gutteridge, Thomas Mecock, Nath: 
Chittenton, Thomas Cook Jun»", Joseph Dudley : 

In Saybrook ; Mr. Thomas Buckingham, Francis Bush- 
nell, W"' Bushnell, Alexander Chalker, Thomas Dunck, Ed- 
ward Shipton, John Hingham, John Bushnell, John Parker, 
Richard Raymon, John Chapman, Rob^ Chapman, Richard 
Tooseland, Samuel Joanes, Thomas Norton : 
[254] In Norwalke ; Thomas Benedict Sen"", Richard 
Homes, John Raymond, Thomas Seimore, Christouer Com- 
stock, Joseph Fenn, Thomas Fitch Jun"", Samuel Senssion, 
John Piatt, Ephraim Lockwood, John Hoyte, Henry Whit- 
ney, Ralph Keeler, Thomas Benidict Jun"", John Gregory 
Jun^: 

In Brandford; Michael Taynter, Mich: Palmer, Sam^i 
Warde, Jonath: Rose : 

In Windsor ; Peter Bewell, Thomas Rowell. 
Mr. James Richards appeales to this Court from the juris- 
diction of the special court held at Hartford, August 27th, 
1667, & from the sentence of that court, wherein there was a 
fine imposed upon him. 

This Court upon the petition of W™ Haugh, have consid- 
ered that case depending between him & Henry Whitney, 
and doe order that there shall be payd unto the sayd Henry 
Whitney fower pownds out of the publique Treasury, and 
this to be an issue of the case depending between the s^ 
Haugh & Whitney about seizing of rumme. The Treasurer 
is desired to order him his pay at Norwalke. 

This Court doth desire and require the Towne of Windsor 
to meet on Munday next, at ye meeting house, by sunn an 
hower high in the morning, and all the freemen and house- 
holders within the limits of the sayd towne and Massacoe are 
to bring in their votes to Mr. Henry Woolcott; those that 
would have Mr. Chancy to be the setled minister for Wind- 
sor are to bring in a paper to Mr. Woolcott a paper with 
some writing on it, those that are against his continuance 
are to bring a white paper to Mr. Woolcott. And Mr. Wool- 



74 PUBLIC RECORDS OF THE 

cott is desired to take the account of it, and to make reporte 
thereof to the Generall Assembly. And this Court doth 
hereby require and command all and every the inhabitants 
of Windsor, that dureing this meeting they forbeare all dis- 
course and agitation of any matter as may provoake or dis- 
turbe the spirits of each other ; and at the issue of the worke 
that they repayre to there severall occations as they will 
answer the contrary. If any should object against the vote 
of any person, Mr. Henry Woolcott is to decide it. This 
to be published on the Sabbath day, after the morning 
exercise. 

]\Ir. Woolcott returnes that this day, being the 14th of 
October, the Towne hath mett, and there was eighty six 
voted for ^Ii: Chauncey's continuance, and fifty two voted 
against it. 

This Court grants unto Ens: Thomas Tracy & Thomas 
Leffingwell, the sume of Fower Hundred Acres of Land, to 
be equally diuided between them. 

And also this Court grants unto Thomas IMinor, the suine 
of Fifty acres of land, as a farther addition- to his & John 
Gallop's former grant of Two Hundred acres, upon his wil- 
lingness to exchange or remove from the land he has layed 
out to him by Ensigne Avery & James Morgan. 

And this Court desires Thomas Lefhngwell, Ens: Thomas 
Tracy & Sarjt Thomas Minor to agree together and lay out 
each other their proportion according to their grants, in that 
land of the east side of Shawtuckett River. 

This Court confirmes John Graves Ensigne of the Traine 
Band of Guilford. 

This Court for the present and vnti 11 farther order betaken, 
doe free the land on the east side the great River from 
fenceing. 

New Haven are compleat in their amunition, according to 
order. 

Millford is compleat in their amunition, according to 
order 

Brandford is compleat in their ainunition, according to 
order. 



COLONY OF CONNECTICUT. 75 

Wethersfeild, not compleat ; Norwalke, not compleat ; 
"Windsor, not compleat ; Norwich, not compleate ; Guilford, 
not compleate; Middleton, not compleate; Stonington, not 
compleat ; Farmington, not compleate. ' 

[255] The court orders that the letter read in Court, w*^^ the 
order, shall be subscribed (and sent to the Generall Court of 
the Massachusetts,) by the Secretary in the name of the 
Courte. 

Ens: Joseph Judson moueing this Court for a confirmation 
of the agi-eement of the towne of Stratford,* made December 
18^1', 66, in reference to the diuission of sequestred lands to 
Mr. Chancy, the present minister, and Mr. Peter Bulkley or 
any other, there haueing nothing appeared to this Court 
therein that is contrary to lawe, the Court doth aproue of 
the sayd agreement, and desire Ens: Judson, Mr. Fayrechild, 
Lnt Curtice, Mr. Hawly, Richard Butler & Henry Walkley 
to lay out the land according to the sayd agreement ; and 
that from henceforth they shall all joyntly make payment of 
their proportions towards the mayntenance of Mr. Chancy, 
till there be another minister at Stratford there cohabiting. 

Vpon the motion of the deputies of New Haven, this 
Court grants the towne of New Haven liberty to make a 
villagef on the east River, if they see it capable for such a 
thing, provided they setle a village there within fower yeares 
from May next. 

This Court grants Mr. Sherman, Mr. Fayrechild, L»t Cur- 
tice, Ens: Judson, Mr. Hawley & John Minor liberty to pur- 
chase Potatuke and the lands adjoyneing, to be reserved for 
a village or plantation. 

The people of New Haven haveing had liberty granted by 
this Court for setleing a village on the East River, Mr. Sher- 
man being thereby prevented of takeing up his grant there, 
this Court gives him liberty to take up his grant elsewhere, 
and Mr. Joseph Judson & Mr. Fayrechild are to lay it out 
to him. 

* A copy of this agreement is in Ecclesiastical Papers, Vol. I. Doc. 23. 
t New Haven Village ; incorporated, May, 1670, and named Wallingford. 



76 PUBLIC RECORDS OF THE 

This Court grants Brandford for their north bownds, from 
the sea into the wilderness tenn miles. 

This Court grants Guilford for their north bownds, from 
the sea into the wilderness tenn miles. 

This Court grants INIr. Hamlin liberty to retale wine and 
liq" to his neighbors at Midleton. 

This Court grants Mr. John Blackleach liberty to retale 
wine and liq^s to his neighbours that are honest, sober house- 
holders, and those onely, till the last of Nov next. 

This Court grants liberty to the County Courtes in the 
respective Countyes, to grant lycense to any perticuler per- 
son to retale wine & liq'% as occation shall require ; and 
none els but such as are lycensed by the Generall Court or 
the County Courtes, wt^'^out a tickett from the Magistrate of 
the place where they live, shall have liberty to sell by retale 
any wine or Yiq^^. 

This Court, upon the petition of Mrs. Jane Blackman, in 
reference to Deliverance Blackman her son, that he may be 
eased of payeing what is by order of the Magistrates imposed 
upon him, for the bringing vp of Mary Benfeild's childe, doe 
referr the consideration and issue thereof to the next County 
Court at Fayrefeild. 

This Court grants liberty to Edward Turner to assigne 
over his right in Franchway Bolgway his French boy, to any 
such person in this Colony as two Assistants shall approve 
of, for twelve yeares from June next. 

This Court grants Mr. W'" Leete the sume of Three Hun- 
dred acres of land for a farme, whereof there may be Forty 
acres of meadow if it may be found, provided it may not be 
prejudiciall to a plantation or any former grant. 

This Court doth appoynt Mr. Fayrechild, Mr. Hawley & 
Joseph Judson to veiw and consider y^ difference between 
New Haven & Milford respecting theire bownds, and to pre- 
sent their opinion therein to the Generall Assembly in May 
next. 

[256] This Court haueingduely weighed the case presented 
by the church at Windsor respecting the imcomfortable com- 
motions there in refrcrence to Mr. Chancey's reception, and 



COLONY OF CONNECTICUT. 77 

the dissattisfaction of a considerable number of the inhabit- 
ants as to his setleing, Doe therefore upon the earnest solicit- 
ation of the dissenting party, as an expedient to theire mutu- 
all peace and setlement, grant liberty to those inhabitants 
that are unsattisfyed and cannot close with Mr. Chancey, if 
they see meet, to provide or procure an able orthodox minis- 
ter, such an one as the Generall Assembly shall approve of; 
and this Court leaves the church at Windsor at liberty for 
setleing Mr. Chancey and calling him to office ; and in the 
mean time and untill another be procured and resident in the 
worke of the ministry at Windsor by the afoarsayd inhabit- 
ants, this Court expects and orders that all persons at Wind- 
sor shall contribute according to theire proportions to the 
mayntenance of Mi*. Chancey. 

This Court grants Mr. Nathan Gold the sume of Three 
Hundred Acres of land for a farme, whereof there may be 
forty acres of meadow if it may be found, provided it may 
not be prejudiciall to a plantation or any former grant. 

This Court grants ]Mr. Thomas Stanton & Capt" Newbery 
the sume of Two Hundred & Fifty Acres of land a piece for 
a farme, whereof there may be thirty acres apiece of meadow 
if it may be fownd. 

This Court grants Mr. Samii Hooker the sume of Two 
Hundred & Fifty Acres of land for a farme, whereof there 
may be Thirty acres of meadow if it may be fownd, provided 
it be not prejudiciall to a plantation or any former grant. 

This Court doth appoynt the third Wedensday in Novem- 
ber next to be kept throughout this colony, a publique day 
of Thanksgiveing, to returne prayse unto God for his great 
mercy to us in the continuation of our priuiledges and liber- 
ties both civill and ecclesiasticall ; and for our peace which 
through the mercy of God hath hitherto beene continued to us 
notwithstanding those feares we had of forreighn enemies ; 
and for his blessing on the fruits of the earth, and the con- 
tinuation of health in our plantations. 

Mr. George Sanders is by this Court confirmed Ensigne of 
the Trayne Band of Kennilworth. 

Mr. Woolcott, Captn Tallcott, Mr. John Allyn, Mr. Bishop, 



78 



PUBLIC RECORDS OF THE 



Mr. East, are desired to consider of & proportion the charge 
about procureing the Patent, for the severall townes. 

This Court desires Mr. Woolcott, John Allyn, Mr. Bishop, 
Mr. East, or any three of them, to auditt the Treasurer's ac- 
compts. 

This Court grants a rate of a penny halfe penny vpon the 
pound of all the rateable estate in this Colony, to discharge 
the debts of this Colony. 

This Court orders that the County Courtes have liberty to 
chuse theire clarkes. 

This Court grants Thomas Harris liberty to build a sawe 
mill on the Brooke beyond the bownds between Hartford & 
Wethersfeild on the east side of the great River, provided it 
be accomplished within two yeares, and he is alowed forty 
acres of land for encouragement therein. 

Mr. Alexander Bryant, Mr. James Bishop, Capt" Newbery, 
Mr. Howkins, Mr. Fayrechild, Mr. Thomas Wells, & Mr. 
James Richards, are appoynted to stand for nomination for 
Magistrates, in May next. 

This Court desires the Governor, Mr. Willys, Capt" Tall- 
cott, Mr. Danii Clarke & Mr. Secretly, or the major parte of 
them, to consider of the acts of the Commissioners, and draw 
up an answer to what concernes this Colony, and prepare it 
against the next Courte.* 

Mr. James Richards haueing appealed to this Courte from 
the jurisdiction of a special court held at Hartford, August 
27ti>, 1667,t by Mr. Math: Allyn, Capt" Tallcot, & y^ Secrefy, 



♦See Rec. of Comm'rs, in Haz. ii. 504, 509. The Commissioners of Massachusetts and Ply- 
mouth complained that " sundry conclusions made by the Commissioners, referring to our be- 
loved brethr(;n and confederates of Connecticut Colony," "have not by them been attended ac- 
cording to the articles of confederation" &c. The acts of the Comm'rs especially alluded to, 
were tliose respecting the division of the I'equot country, — for making provision for the Pequot 
Indians, under Herman Garrett and Robin, — and for an adjustment of the terms of the Union 
between the Colonies of New Haven and Connecticut, under the charter. 

t " At a Speciall County Court" &,c. Aug. 27, 1607, " Upon the presentation and reading some 
papers of Mr. James Richards, it was demanded of him, Whether he denies the jurisdiction of 
this Court. His answer was, Hoe doth. We have it in his writing. 2d. Being asked whether 
he haveing denied the Jurisdiction of this Court, he doth appeale therein to ye Genii Assembly, 
He answered. He doib. 

Mr. James Richards being told by the Court he must appear aflnr dinner before the Court to 
answer for his expressions, lie answered, He would not, w'''out a summons. 



COLONY OF CONNECTICUT. 



79 



this Court haueing heard the plea of both sides, doe returne, 
that they doe judge that the afoars^ Assistants had power 
according to the intent of the lawe to keep court then, and 
that they had jurisdiction power to try the causes presented 
[257] to them and brought before them ; || yet in the lawe 
for calling of speciall courtes there being some mention of the 
■commissioners being consulted with about the calling of such 
Courtes, though this Courte in that law onely did intend that 
of Coma's in those countyes when and where there are not a 
sufficiency of Assistants to carry an end such publique con- 
cernes (wt^out comissioners,) according to law^e, therefore they 
judge Mr. Richards might in an humble maner have presented 
his apprehensions that his case was not under cognizance of 
that court. 

This Court remitts unto Mr. Richards halfe the fine impo- 
sed upon him by the speciall court, August 27''', 1667. 

Vpon the motion of Mr. James Richards* for the totall 
abatement of his fine of 20£, this Court sees cause to remitt 
the same, except those sent forth as a committee see cause to 
haue it called ouer agayne when they returne into the court. 

If it be your mindes that Mr. James Richards shall have 
his fine wholly remitted to him, signify it by holding up your 
hands. This was voted in the negative. 

Whereas it is found by experiance that great inconven- 
iences may follow in regard persons may be sudenly called to 
answer suits in the Perticuler Court wt^^out timely notice, 
and so, many times, the most inocent may be surpriced to 
damages, for the preuention whereof, It is ordered by this 
Courte that from henceforth all processe that issueth forth 
against any person or persons requireing his or theire appear- 

This Court haveing duely considered the expressions of Mr. James Eicliards in denying the 
Jurisdiction of this Court and his possitive and presumptuous refusal] (by words) to attend the 
Court when required by the Court to attend them to answer for his offences, Doe judg such ex- 
pressions in their owne nature to be tending to ye weakening of the hands of Authority in the 
nianadgem' of the worke of the Lord in their hands and a very evil example and incouragm' to 
others in such practices : Doe therfore adiudge the said l\Ir. James Richards for his offence 
therein, to pay as a fine to ye Puhl; Treasury, Twenty Pounds. 

Mr. James Richards doth appeale from the sentence of this Court, to y^ Gen'' Assembly in 
Octobr next." [County Court Kec. III. 64, 65.] 

• Mr. Richards's Petition is preserved in "Civil Officers," Vol. I. Doc. 5L 



80 PUBLIC RECORDS OF THE 

ance and answer to any action of debt, trespasse, defamation, 
slander, accompt, or of the case, it shall be serued on the de- 
fen* at least five dayes before the Courte. 

It is allso ordered that after the County Court is satt, if 
any person or persons that haue entered an action to be tryed 
by the sayd Court be three times called and not appeare by 
himselfe or his attourney to prosecute his action he shall be 
non-suited and pay all costs and charges as if his action had 
proceeded to an issue. 

IVIr. James Richards haueing informed this Court that by a 
late prouidence by fire he hath lost seuerall deeds for land, 
vpon his petition this Court doth desire and advise those of 
whom INIr. W^ Gibbons or Mr. Richards hath purchassed 
land of (and the deeds be burnt) that they give new deeds & 
assurances for the same to him & his heires forever, or attest 
the records. 

This Court being informed by the deputies of Stonington that 
one John Crandell hath, on the west side of Pawcatuck River 
and w'hin the limits of theire towne, layed out a mile square 
of land unto his sonn within which are seuerall persons pro- 
prieties granted them by lott, Doe order that the Secretly doe 
informe the Gouernour & Councill of Rohd Island thereof, 
by a letter,* and desire them that they command those vnder 
theire gouerment to forbeare such practices for the future, and 
to declare if we be molested in o"" just rights we shall use all 
just meanes within our power to mayntayne o'' s^^ rights, and 
bring such disturbers of o"" right to condigne punishment. 
And if after this be signifyed to the Gouern'" & Councill of 
Rohd Island, they shall yet proceed to molest any of the in- 
habitants of Stonington or any other in theire just rights, by 
takeing possession of there lands on the west side of Pawca- 
tuck River, the constable is hereby ordered and required to 
repayre to them and to take them into custody, and bring 

• A copy of the letter written by Secretary Allyn, in compliance with the above order of the 
Court, is in "Col. Boundaries," Vol. I. Doc. 30. Reference to, and abstracts of numerous docu- 
ments relating to the encroachments of Rliodc Island upon the charter limits of Connecticut, — 
consequent proceedings of the General Court, for ihe eslablishmenl of the riglit of jurisdiction 
in the disputed territory, — and the protracted controversy between the governments of the two 
colonies, respecting bounds, will be found in the A])pundii:, No. VI. 



COLONY OF CONNECTICUT. 



81 



them before some magistrate whoe is to examine the case, 
and if it appeare that they are culpable they are to committ 
them to the county prison, there to remayne till the next 
County Court, for a tryall. 

Whereas the committee of the Millitiae lately ordered that 
each county in this Colony should rays a Troope of Dragoon- 
eers for the defence of the Colony against a common enemy, 
seuerall countyes haueing raysed such a company, This 
Court haueing seriously considered whither it be not most 
advantagious for the publique weale either to reduce them 
to theire seuerall foot compafiyes or establish them a com- 
panny of dragooners in each county, doe see cause to order 
that all such compannyes or troopes of dragooneers in this 
Colony shall be reduced to their seuerall foote companies in 
each respectiue towne to which each soldier appertaines ; and 
doe order the select men in each towne, that the halfe pickes, 
belts & powches prepared for the compannies upon the towne 
[258] accompt, may be safely layd up || and be preserved, 
that when there may be occation such prouission may be at 
hand for publique use. And upon occation of assault or 
feares thereof, the committee of safety in each county may 
send forth their Avarrants to rayse such a troope of dragoon- 
eers as the exigence of each county in theire judgments may 
require. And what cost upon the enterteinment of the seuer- 
all troopes in this Colony hath bin expended allready in their 
last meeting together, shall be defrayed out of the County 
Treasurie in each county ; and in default thereof, the Court 
doth appoynt each County Court to grant a rate upon each 
towne proportionably to the list of their estates to sattisfy 
such just charges. 

This Court grants the County of New Haven, Fayrefeild 
& New London liberty to rays a Troop of Horss in each 
county, of about forty. 

The Court is adjourned till the Gouernor or Deputy see 
cause to call it agayne. 



82 



PUBLIC RECORDS OP THE 



At a Court of Election held at Hartford, May 14'^, 

1668. 

TJiese nominated for election. These were elected. 



John Winthrop Esq"", 
Major John Mason Esq"" 
Mr. Math: Allyn 
Mr. Samii Willys 
Captn Nathan Gold 
Capti John Tallcot 
Mr. Henry Wolcott 
Mr. John Allyn 
Mr. Sam'i Shearman 
Mr. W'n Leete 
Mr. W"' Joanes 
Mr. Benj: Fenn 
Mr. Jasper Crane 
Capt" Dan: Clarke 
Mr. Alex: Bryant 
Mr. James Bishop 
Capt" Benj: Newbery 
Mr. Anth: Howkins 
Ml-. Tho: Fayrechild 
Mr. Tho: Welles 
Mr. James Richards 



John Winthrop Esq^, Governor. 
Major John Mason, Dep' Gouernor. 

Assistants. 
Mr. Samii Willys 
Capt" Nathan Gold 
Capt" John Tallcott 
Mr. Henry Woolcott 
Ln* John Allyn 
Mr. Wm Leete 
Mr. Wm Joanes 
Mr. Benj: Fenn 
Mrr Alex: Bryant 
Mr. James Bishop 
Mr. Anth: Howkins 
Mr. Tho: WeUes. 

Captn John Tallcott, Treasurer. 
Lnt John Allyn, Secrefy. 



The Freemen left it w^h the Generall 
Assembly to chuse Coinissioners for 
the Colony for the year ensueing. 



Deputies for the Court. 



Mr. Wni Wadsworth, 
Mr. Joseph Fitch 
Capti Newbery 
Deacon More 
Mr. .John Deming Sen^ 
Sarjt John Nott 
Sarj' John Standly 
Mr. Giles Hamlin 
Ens: Nath: White 
Samuel Butler 
Mr. Edw: Griswold 



[259] May 15th. The Gouernor & 
Mr. Leet are chosen Comrs for the 
year ensueing, and Mr. Samuel Wil- 
lys for a reserue. 

Mr. Samii Willys, Mr. James 
Bishop & Mr. Tho: Stanton are ap- 
poynted as a comittee to heare the 
difference between Vncas and the 
Niantick Indians, & to make report 
thereof to the Court. 

Samuel Gregory & Ephraim Stiles 



COLONY OF CONNECTICUT. 



83 



L"t Josi: Hull 
L"t Rich: Olmsteed 
John Gregory- 
Mr. John Mosse 
Mr. Wm East 
Mr. Georg Clarke 
Mr. Wm Hill 
John Fowler 
W"! Johnson 
Mr. Tho: Stanton 
Nehemya Palmer 
L"' Franc: Griswold 
Mr. Benj: Brewster 
Ens: Wm Waller 
Mr. Math: Griswold 
Mr. Jehu Burre 
Mr. Robt Chapman 
Zachary Sandford 
Lnt James Avery 
Mr. Cary Latham 
L'lt Wm Curtice 
Mr. Jos: Hawly. 



of Stratford are propownded for free- 
men. 

Those propownded for freemen, 
Octobr last, of the seuerall townes, 
are to be sworne by the respectiue 
Assistants and Comissioners in the 
townes where they live. 

Mr. Willowbey & John Halle for 
Wethersfeild. 

John Barlowe, John Sturge, John 
Hide, Danii Burr, W™ Warde, Andr: 
Warde, Sam^i Warde, John Buckley, 
Tho: Jones, James Bennett, Ezekel 
Sandford, Rich'i Ogden, John Cable 
Jun"", Benj: Towrney, Thomas Oliver, 
Danii Lockwood, propownded for 
freemen. 

Nath: Palmeter to be sworne by 
Mr. Griswold at Kefiilworth. 

This Court upon the petition of 
Norwidg, in liew of the fifty fathom 
of peage formerly ordered to them, 



doe order the Treasurer to pay them 
fiue pownds out of the next Country Rate, and this to be a 
final! issue of the case. 

This Court leaues it to the deputies and townesmen of 
Windsor to agree & setle a Ferryman there to keep the ferry 
over the great River for seaven yeares, provided there be noe 
charge come thereby to the country. 

This Court grants Nicholas Knell, of Stratford, Fifty Acres 
of land adjoyneing to Potatuck River in some convenient 
place where it may not be prejudiciall to a plantation ; and 
Mr. Hawley, Jos: Judson, and Henry Wakeley are desired to 
lay it out to him, he payeing them for there time. 

This Court approues of Gregory Winterton's makeing sale 
of Thomas Lord's house & land at Wethersfeild to Mrs. 
Sarah Lord, for the maintenance of Dorathy Lord, the daugh- 
ter of the sayd Thomas. 



84 PUBLIC RECORDS OF THE 

J\Ir. Giles Hamlin is chosen Commissioner for the year 
ensueing for JMidleton ; Mi". Samii Wells, for Wethersfeild ; 
Mr. Robt Chapman, and L"t W'" Pratt, for Saybrooke & 
Lyme ; Mr. Edward Griswold, for Kenilworth ; Mi'. Weth- 
erly & L"' James Avery for New London ; Mr. Thomas 
Stanton, for Stonington ; John Wilford, for Brandford ; Mr. 
Gilbcrd & Capt" Nash, for New Haven ; Mr. W™ East, for 
Milford ; .Mr. Tho: Fayrechild, for Sti-atford ; Mr. Jehu Burre 
& Mr. AVm Hill, for Fayrefeild ; L^t Olmsteed, for Nor- 
walk ; Mr. Richard Lawe & Mr. John Holly, Commission- 
ers for Standford, Greenwich and Rye. 

Vpon the petition of Mrs. Jane Blackman,* This Court 
nominates and appoynts Mi*. Gold & the Commissioners of 
Fayrefeild & Stratford as a committee to heare and deter- 
mine the whole matter respecting Goodwife Benfeild and 
Deliverance Blackman. 

May 16*1'. This Court in order to the promoateing and 
establishing of peace in the churches and plantations, doe 
desire the reverend Mr. James Fitch, Mr. Gershom Bulck- 
ley, Mr. Joseph Eliott & JVIr. Sam^ Wakeman to meet at 
Saybrook, if Mr. Fitch can come there, if not, then at Nor- 
wich, vpon the eighth or ninth of June next, to consider of 
some expedient for our peace, by searching out the rule and 
thereby cleareing up how farre the churches and people may 
walke together within thcmselues and one w^h another in the 
fellowship and order of the Gospel, notwithstanding some 
various apprehensions amonge them in matters of disipline 
respecting membership and baptisme &c. 

This Court doe grant W^" Lewes Sen"" that the lawe made 
about cleareing of titles of land w'J'in twelve moneths & a 
day, shall be no prejudice to the sayd W'" Lewes his title 
to his land which he hath in the long meadowe, although 
any person should controvert his right. 

Vpon the petition of Mr. Wm. Pitkin & Barth: Barnard,f 
this Court haueing considered the case represented in the pe- 

•The petition (dated at Stratford, May ];)tli, 1008,) is in Priv. Controversies, Vol. I. Doc. 61. 
t See note on page 75, ante. The Petition above referred to, is in Priv. Controversies, Vol. 
I. Doc. 43. 



COLONY OF CONNECTICUT. 85 

tition, doe judg and determine that the land w^hich by exe- 
cution was giuen or delinered to them, which formerly was 
in the possession of Thomas Burnam, that they the said 
Pitkin and Barnard shall stand quiatly possessed of the sayd 
[260] land, against any clayme or pftence of claime from 
Thomas Burnam for the future ; only Thomas Burnam is to 
haue liberty to reap that wheat that is groweing on the land, 
and to have the pease, he payeing rent for the pease after 
eight shillings pf the acre ; and what cost Mr. Pitkin and 
Barth: Barnard haue received besides what was the proper 
charge of the Court of Assistants, October 8'^, '67, they are 
to returne the same to the sayd Burnam againe. This to be 
a finall issue of the controuersy about the Podunk lands be- 
tween Thomas Burnam and Mr. Pitkin & Barth: Barnard. 

Vpon the petition of Ens: Steele, John Pratt and Nath: 
Standley* &c: This Court doe hereby order that the chil- 
dren of James Boosey or their heires shall not be prejudiced 
or disinabled, by the lawe for clayme of land and prosecu- 
tion within a twelve moneth & a day, to sue for or recouer 
any right or title they haue or ought to haue in any land in 
reversion after the death of their mother, either by will or 
heirship at comon lawe. 

This Court grants Robert Rose Fifty Acres of land to be 
layd out to him in some convenient place where it may not 
be prejudicial! to any former grant or township aUready set 
up or to set up. 

May 18th. Vpon the petition of some of the inhabitants 
of Windsor that this Court would declare their approbation 
of Mr. Woodbridge's continuance in the worke of the min- 
istry at Windsor, The Court declares that they shall not dis- 
aproue of Mr. Woodbridge's continuance as a lecturer there, 
and if that the church and Mr. Warham shall so farr conde- 
scend for peace as to giue liberty for Mr. Woodbridg to 
preach once a fortnight on the Sabboth as well as on the 
weeke day vntill some farther time be obteyned to improve 

* The Petition of " Samuel Steel, John Pratt and Nathanell Standly in the name and behalf of 
[their] wives," is in Priv. Controversies, 1. Doc. 02. 



86 PUBLIC RECORDS OF THE 

some other way as an expedient for the peace of Windsor, 
it shall be acceptable to this Courte. 

Vpon the petition of Mr. SarnH Tallcot, Mr. Eliezer Kim- 
berly & Thomas Edwards, that some meet persons may by 
this Com-t be appoynted and impowered to lay out the seu- 
erall bownds of the proprietors lotts at Nabuck, on the east 
side of the gi-eat Riuer at Wethersfeild, according to the 
orjginall grants of the towne, the originall bownds being lost, 
This Court doth grant there desire, and doe hereby desire 
and impower Mr. Samuel Wells & Samuel Boarman, Sarjt 
John Nott, Sarjt John Deming, Sarj* Hugh Wells, or any 
three of them, to attend the afoarsayd seruice in diuideing 
the sayd lands, from Hartford bownds or Pewter Pott Brooke 
to Roareing Brooke, and the proprietors according to their 
seuerall proportions are to make sattisfaction for this seruice 
to the afoarsayd persons. And if it fall out that any person 
hath improued his neighbours land, and it thereby be bet- 
tered, those persons aboue mentioned or major parte of them 
are allso to determine and sett downe what recompence he 
shall receiue for the same, of his neighbor. This to be at- 
tended throughout the whole feild, between this and the last 
of June next.* 

May 19'!'. The Reuerend Mr. Warham desireing to be 
resolved whether any of the members of the church of Wind- 
sor were included in the order of the Court, October last, 
that granted liberty for chooscing another minister, the Court 
returnes that the dissenting party mentioned in the order are 
those that have liberty granted to them. 

May 20'^'. The Major desireing this Court to grant him 

* Th(! division of tlic N'aiihuck (North filastenbiiry) lands and the determination of the dividing 
line between Naiibuck and Noyaiig, (or Naiaiig.) occasioned much diHlculty to the General 
Court and led to numerous law suits between adjoining proprietors. Kleazcr Kimberly, in hia 
deposition made in lfi84, [Priv. Controv. HI. 120,] refers to the appointment of the Committee 
of 1608, and the result of their labors : " Some lime after the law of possession was made, and 
before possession according to the said law gave title to lands, some persons interested in the 
lands [at Naubuck] petitioning to the General Court for an exact settlement of the severall di- 
viding lines," &c. • • • The connnittee aiipointed for that purpose went over the River, and 
made numerous trials to reconcile the discrefiaiicies in the recorded measurements and bounds, 
or to etfect an adjustment of the bounds satisfactory to the several proprietors; but their labors 
proving unsuccessful, at length "finding their task too hard for them, they left it not finished." 
[See various Depogitions, &.C., taken in 1GH4, in Triv. Controv. III. 115-MO.l 



COLONY OF CONNECTICUT. 87 

a farme of about Three Hundred Acres, for one of his sons, 
his desire is hereby granted (prouided there be not aboue 
thirty acres of meadow ;) and L"' Griswold & Ens: Tracy 
are hereby desired to lay it out to him in some convenient 
place neer that tract of land granted Jer: Adams, it being the 
place the Major hath pitcht upon ; the name of the place is 
Vncupsitt; prouided it prejudice no plantation or former 
grant. 

[261] From New Haven, these nominated for freemen, 
John Hudson, Thomas Trowbridge, W'" Payne, Philip 
Leeke, Thomas Barnes, George Roose, Timothy Forde, 
John Peck, Joseph Peck, Sam^^ Allyn, Thomas Yale Jun"", 
Thomas Sandford, Joseph Bradly, Joseph Potter. 

The Court haueing formerly granted Mr. Thomas Stanton 
the grant of a farme, upon his farther request L'^'^ Auery & 
James Morgan are appoynted to lay it out to him according 
to his former gi'ant, he payeing them for the same.* 

Whereas it is found by experience that there is not due 
prouission in the lawe for the establishment of Towne Offi- 
cers in the seuerall townes in this corporation, as townsmen, 
constables & surveyors of the highwayes, when chosen, no 
course being taken to constrayne them to accept of their s^ 
respectiue offices and places. It is therefore ordered that if 
any person chosen to any of the afoarsayd offices by the in- 
habitants of the towne where he liues shall refuse or neglect 
to accept of any the sayd offices to which they are chosen, it 
not being cleared to the sattisfaction of the Assis* or Comis- 
sioner of the towne that they are oppressed by such a choyce, 
and others vnjustly exempted, they shall paye five pownds 
fine to the towne treasurye where they liue ; any one Assist- 
ant or Commissioner to hear and determine any such case. 

Whereas by a former orderf hereticall bookes, viz : such 
bookes or manuscripts as contayne the errors of Quakers, 
Ranters, Adamites or such like Notorious Heretiques, should 

* The lay-out nf this tract of 250 acres, is recorded in Col. Rec. of Lands, Vol. L p. 308. It 
was laid out, April 12th, lfi69, — upon the Pachaug River, in what was afterwards the town of 
Preston. 

t Oct. 1st, 1657. [C. Rec. L 308.] 



88 



PUBLIC RECORDS OF THE 



not be kept, under the penalty expressed in the sayd lawe, 
This Court orders for the future that all such bookes when 
& wheresoeuer they are fownd they shall by the Constable 
be seized and deliuered to the Commissioner or Assistant of 
the towne, to be kept by him untill the next County Court. 
And then the sayd County Court shall take care and full 
order that all such bookes as afoarsayd be utterly supprest. 

John Post, Richard Egerton, Morgan Bowers, are accept- 
ed as freemen, and the Major is desired to giue them their 
oath. 

Whereas the sanctification of the Sabboth is a matter of 
great concernment to the weale of a people, and the proph- 
anation thereof is that as pulls downe the judgments of 
God upon that place or people that suffer the same. It is 
therefore ordered by this Court & the authority thereof that 
if any person shall prophane the Sabboth by unnecessary 
trauell or playeing thereon in the time of publique worshipe, 
or before or after, or shall keep out of the meeting house 
dureing the publique worship unnecessarily, there being con- 
uenient roome in the house, he shall pay fine shillings for 
euery such offence, or sit in the stocks one hower, any one 
Assis* or Comissioner to heare and determine any such 
case ; and the constables in the seuerall plantations are here- 
by required to make search after all offenders against this 
lawe, and make returne thereof to the Commissioners or 
Assistants. 

21th. This Court appoynts Mr. Wm Hill to assist in the 
layeing out of the bownds between Norwalke and Fayrfeild, 
in the roome of John Bankes. 

This Court doth desire and appoynt Mr. W'" Wadsworth, 
Mr. Hamline, Ensighn White and Bartholome Barnard, or 
any three of them, to labor w*'' Saybrooke plantation and 
Thirty Mile Island, to gayne a complyance between them 
and to settle their bownds to mutuall sattisfaction, between 
this and Octobr Court. 

This Court doth nominate and appoynt the Secretly, Mr. 
Thom: Stanton, Mr. Giles Hamlin & Mr. Rob* Chapman, a 
committee in behalfe of this Courte to hear and determine 



COLONY OF CONNECTICUT. 89 

any difference wherein the Indians are concerned, either 
among themselves or between any English and them. 

This Court appoynts Mr. W™ Joanes & Mr. Bishop to ad- 
minister the oath of Ass^^ to Mr. Fenn, Mr. Gold, Mr. Alex- 
ander Bryant. The Gonerno' or Assises here to administer 
the oath to Mr. Henry Woolcott. 

This Court doth desire Mr. Joanes or Mr. Bishop to ad- 
minister the oath of Commissioner to those appoynted of 
[262] New Haven, & to Mr. Willford of Brandford. || And 
Mr. Bryant or Mr. Fenn to administer the oath to Mr. Fayre- 
child. And Mr. Gold, to Mi-. Hill & Mr. Burre. L'^t Olm- 
steed to administer the oath to Mr. Lawe & Mr. Holly. And 
any one of the Assistants here to administer the oath to Mr. 
Welles. Ml-. Chapman to administer the oath to Liuetenant 
Pratt. The Major to administer the oath to Mr. Witherly. 

These nominated for freemen : Jacob White, Nicholas 
Worthington, George Hall, Zachary Sandford, Mr. Siborn 
Nicholls, Wm Hills Jun^, Sam" Andrews, Daniell Hubbard, 
Sami' Rizley, Joseph Butler, John Campe, John Bigeloe, 
Nath: Ruscoe Jun>", Nath: Butler, John Hills. 

22th. ]V[|., ^m Leete is chosen Moderator in the absence 
of the Gouernr & Deputy. 

This Court doth desire and appoynt Mi'. John AUyn & 
Mr. Tho: Stanton to goe to Rhode Island, to treat with the 
Gent'i there according to such instructions as shall by order 
from this Court be giuen them.* 

This Court doth approue of the letter that was prepared 
for the Massachusetts by the Gouernof and some others, in 
answer to what was presented by the Comi's, and desire that 
there may be some answer aded to the letter, in answer to 
the letter from the Bay read in Court, by the Gouern"", Mr. 
WiUys, Capt" Tallcott, & Secretry, and that it be signed by 
the Secreti^y, in the name of this Court and sent to the Gou- 
ern"- & Assembly of the Massachusetts. 

This Court doth order and appoynt that the 29'^ of this 
instant May be kept throughout this Colony a day of Hu- 
miliation, to humble our souls before the Lord in the sight 

* Tlie credentials and ins'ructions for the commissioners are given below, — pp. 91, 92, 

8* 



90 PUBLIC RECORDS OF THE 

and sence of o"" manifold sins, whereby we have caused the 
Lord to goe out against us in those yearly judgments of 
blasting the increase of the feild, the spoyleing the fruits of 
the ti-ees, the continuance of diuissions in seuerall planta- 
tions and societies amongst us ; and to implore mercy from 
the Lord in behalfe of his people in England, and that he 
would cause his face to shine upon us in this wilderness, 
stay his hand, prevent us with his mercy, establish peace & 
truth in o^ habitations, continue health amongst us, and 
bless the fruits of the earth ; as allso that the Lord would 
be pleased to guide, counsell and bless all good endeau- 
oures and meanes for the establishment of peace & truth 
amonsrst us. 

This Court orders that the time limited for the prosecution 
of claimes to land shall be prolonged to Nouember Thirtieth, 
Sixty Eight, and no longer. 

This Court orders that there shall be liberty of claime and 
prosecution reserued to this Colony and the members thereof, 
to lay claime to any proprieties of land or houseing they haue 
in the Nan*ogansett Country, any thing in any former order 
to the contrary in any wise, notw'^standing. 

Mr. W'" Joanes of New Haven hath liberty granted after 
the time by the former lawe is expired, to prosecute his 
clayme to the farme at Stony Riuer by the lorn workes 
(which farme was formerly Mr. Theophilus Eaton's) any 
thing in the lawe to the contrary in any wise notwith- 
standing. 

The like liberty is granted to John Jordan to prosecute his 
clayme to land in possession of Thomas Clarke of Guilford. 

Mr. Benjamen Brewster hath Two Hundred Acres of land 
by Poccotauock Brook, granted to him by this Court. The 
sayd land joynes to Norwich bownds.* 

Lnt James Aueryf hath likewise by this Court granted to 

• This land was laid out and measured by Thomas Tracy, May, 1CG9 ; " At a place called 
Wisqiiades," and " lying near to Pogataiiack Bronko." [Cnl. Rec. of Lands, I. 308.] 

t "The request of James Avery of New London to this Hono^J Assembly is, that whereas 
the Country have putt me upon some publique imployment, and haue done what seruice I am 
capeablo of, that this Assembly would please to grant me, as they have done to diverse others, 
a perccU of land w*^'' belongs to the Country, soe much as they shall think meet, where it may 



COLONY OF CONNECTICUT. 91 

him a Hundred Acres of land for a farme, in which there 
may not be aboue twenty acres of meadow. 

L'l^^ Franc: Griswold hath the grant of a Hundred Acres 
of land for a farme, prouided there be not aboue twenty acres 
of meadowe in it. 

[263] This Court grants Mr. Willys a Hundred Acres of 
vpland adjoyneing to the Pond he bought of Rob* Boltwood, 
about six miles from Tho: Edwardses in the way to New 
London.* 

An agreement dated May 21*^, 1668, signed by Mathew 
Griswold, W^ Waller, James Auery & Gary Latham, deliv- 
ered in presence of James Rogers and Francis Griswold, con- 
cerning the bounds between New London & Lyme is ap- 
proued by this Court, and so it is certifyed under the sayd 
agreement and attested. May 22'ii, ^68, p"" John Allyn, Sec- 
retary.! 

This Court orders that there shall be a third of all cus- 
tomes upon wines and liq^s abatted for the future. 

This Court impowers Mr. Sam^i Willys, Capt" Tallcott 
and the Secretary to make a deed of sale to Andrew Benton 
of Nath: Greensmith's house and land which was seized for 
charge expended on s^' Greensmith and sold to G: Benton. 

This Court abates Thomas Whitmore his rate that was 
payable this yeare to the country, for his service in ferrying 
Assises & Deputies over the River. 

A certijicate.% 
These are to signify that the Generall Assembly now sit- 
ting in Hartford, May 14*^, 1668, have chosen and appoyn- 
ted Ml-. John Allyn, Assis*, and Mr. Thomas Stanton, to be 
their agents to treate w^h the Gouerno^ of Rhode Island, 

be found ; w'^'' I shall thankfully accept ; and ever pray for y prosperity. Octobr 12 : (67.)" 
[T. & Lands, L 74.] 

* Laid out, by order of the General Assembly in 1732, to Hezekiah Willys, son of Samuel. 
[T. & Lands, VL 39-42.] 

t A copy of this agreement is in Towns & Lands, Vol. I. Doc. 98, pp. 4, 5. The town of 
New London, at a meeting in June following, expressed their dissatisfaction with this agree- 
ment, and protested against it, as involving a surrender of their former bounds. 

X The original Certificate and Instructions, signed by Capt. John Talcott, are in ' Col Bounda- 
ries,' Vol.1. Docs. 33, 34. 



92 PUBLIC RECORDS OF THE 

either singly or with his Councill, concerning any matter or 
thing respecting o"" right and clayme to any lands in the 
Narrogancett Countrey or at Squamacuck* or elswhere, de- 
teyned by any persons under pretence of being under Rhode 
Island gouerm*, and so take what answer they shall please 
to giue and make returne or reporte thereof unto the Gen- 
erall Court in Octobr next. 

Mr. Samii Willys and Capt° John Talcott are to signe this 
in the name of the Court. 

Instructions for Mr. John Allyn 8f Mr. Thomas Stanton. 

1. You are by the first conuenient oppertunety to repayre 
unto the Gouernr of Rhode Island and signify to him that 
you are sent from this Generall Assembly to declare their 
sence of great wronges done to this Colony by sundry pre- 
tending to be vnder theire Gouernment, in interupting the 
quiat possession of divers inhabitants in their lands and es- 
tates at Squamacuck or elswhere within that tract of Narro- 
gancett Country which hath been graciously granted by his 
Mat'es Charter unto this Colony. 

2. You are then to assert the clayme of o^" right thereunto, 
describeing it according to Charter. 

3. You are to lett them vnderstand that if an efFectuall 
course be not taken forthwith to cause all those persons that 
haue not taken up their right in any of those lands from this 
Court, that they still owneing and submitting thereunto, then 
this Court purpose to use such meanes as shall be in theire 
power to repress such enormous and turbulent practices from 
such intruders, leaueing the consequences thereof vpon the 
accompt of such as shall not obserue accordingly. 

4. You are then to demand some answer from the sayd 
Gouernour and his CounciU hereunto in playn expressions or 
writeing that may be reported to this Courte w'^oi^t mistake. 

The Court is adjourned till the Gouern'' or Deputy see 
cause to call it agayn. 

• Squamacuck or Misquamicut, — the name of a neck of land on the east side of Pawcatuck 
river, which was afterwards (May, 1069,) incorporated by the General Assembly of Rhode 
Island as a town, and named JVcstcrly. [Potter's Hist, of Narragansctt, p. 7 J.] 



COLONY OF CONNECTICUT. 93 

[264] A General Assembly held at Hartford, Octo- 
ber THE 8'h, 1668. 

John Winthrop Esqr, Goun"" This Court orders the Secreta- 
Mr. W'" Leete ry to deliuer vnto Mr. Willys & 
Mr. Sam'i Willys Mr. Joanes the mortgage of Long 
Mr. Win Joanes Island*, for the use of those con- 
Mr. Nath: Gold cerned. 

Capt" John Tallcott This Court grants a rate of a 
Mr. Henry Woolcott penny upon the pound of all the 
Lnt John Allyn, Secrefy rateable estate in this Colony. 
Ml-, Benj: Fenn This Court orders that Brand- 
Mr. Alex: Bryant ford rate shall be raysed one 
Mr. James Bishop halfe upon Kenilworth and the 
IVIr. Anth: Howkins. other parte upon the sayd Brand- 

Deputies. ford, for this present yeare. 
Mr. W™ Wadsworth Vpon the petition of Thomas 

Mr. Jos: Fitch Day for a release of that leather 

* July 29th, 1641, James Farrett, the agent of the Earl of Stirling, "to provide as lie may for 
that part of Long Island not possessed nor as he conceiveth claimed by the Dutch, before his 
departure for England," gave a mortgage deed of the whole of the Island and its dependencies, 
not previously disposed of, to Geo. Fenwick, of Saybrook, Edward Hopkins, of Hartford, and 
Theophilus Eaton, Steven Goodyear and Thomas Gregson, of New Haven. The condition of the 
deed was the repayment to the mortgagees, within three years, of jEllO and charges; and in 
default of such payment, the title to the Island to vest in them and their assigns. [Certified copy 
of Letter of Agency, to Mr. Farrett, inT. & Lands, I. 6 ; Mortgage Deed, in Col. Rec. of Lands, 
L 319.] 

" At a Councill held at Hartford, December 14, 1663 ; Mr. Mathew Allyn test: that he heard 
Mr. Edward Hopkins in Court demand moneys which he sayd was due to him from the Coun- 
trey for what he had disbursed upon ye mortgage of Long Island from Farrett, & allso that the 
Court were willing they should haue what East Hampton was to give fory« purchase of theire 
towne. Taken upon oath before the Councill, this 14th of December, 1663. 

" Capt. John Scott test: that he heard Mr. Eaton, (speakeing of Long Island) say that he had 
w"> other Gent", layd out money upon the mortgage of Long Island, but he did it for the good of 
the countrey, & he sayd ' Much good may it doe them; God bless them with it.' This he spake 
whemthey were about setleing of Huntington. Taken upon oath," &c. 

" VVm Wadsworth test: that he heard Mr. Haynes & Mr. Hopkins treat with the Court of this 
Colony about laying out money for the mortgage of Long Island, and they sayd they would not 
doe it without y^ Court would order them to doe it & what they did doe, it was for the publique 
good. Taken upon oath," &c. 

"Mr. Sam: Willys doth resigne up his interest in the mortgage of Long Island to the Coloiiy 
ofConecticutt, trusting that they will consider him with something that may be a valuable con- 
sideration ; & that he will deliver the mortgage itselfe to the Secretary, whoe is ordered by the 
Councill to record it in the book of Records. And the Councill doth order that what part of the 
summe disburst is yet unpayd shall be duely sattisfyed for, by the Islanders within the bownds 
of the Mortgage." [Rec, of Gov, & Council, 1663-'5 ; p. 2. J 



94 



PUBLIC RECORDS OF THE 



Captn Benj: Newbery 
Deacon John INIoore 
]VIr. John Mosse 
Mr. Abra: Doelitle 
]\Ir. John Deminw 
Sarjt John Nott 
Mr. W'n Hill, absent 
Ml". John Bnrr 
Mr. John Clarke 
Mr. George Clarke 
, Deacon Tho: Judd 
John Lancton 
Mr. Giles Hamlin 
Ens: Nath: White 
Mr. Robt Chapman. 

Lnt Wm Pi-att 

Ml-. Tho: Stanton 

Nehemiah Palmer absent 

Mr. James Rogers 

John Prentice 

Deacon John Fowler 

Sarjt Win Johnson 

Mr. Math: Griswold 

Ens: Wm Waller absent 

Mr. John Wilford 

Tho: Blachly absent 

Mr. John Bndd 

Richard Vowles 

George Gates 

Lnt Wm Curtice 

Mr. Jos: Hawley 

Lnt Rich^i Olmstecd absent 

Sarj' Walter Hoyte 

Lnt Francis Griswold abs: 

Sarjt Tho: Lcfringwell 

Mr. Edw: Griswold 

Lnt Jos: Hull 



that was lately seized of his, the 
Court doth release to him the 
forfeiture thereof. 

This Court doth order that the 
ferridge for the Magistrates & 
Deputies shall be payd to the 
respectiue ferrymen out of the 
Publique Treasurie. 

This Court orders that Midle- 
ton fei-ryman shall haue but fower 
pence for a horss and man for 
Magistrates & Deputies. 

The list of the seuerall townes 
for this yeare are, — 

Persons & estates.* 

Hartford .£17940: 05: 00 

Windsor ^14853: 16: 00 

New Haven £15932: 10: 00 

Wethersfeild X11496: 13: 02 

Fayrefeild £10213: 10: 00 

Milford X 10195: 02: 06 

Stratford £09126: 05: 00 

Farmington £06658: 00: 00 

Midleton £03793: 00: 00 

Say brook £05248: 10: 00 

New London £07946:10:00 

Norwich £03818: 17: 09 

Stonington £04660: 00: 00 

Guilford £06492: 05: 00 

Brandford £02456: 10: 00 

Norwake £05148: 00: 00 

Standford £05475: 00: 00 

Greenwich £01609: 15: 00 

Rye £02174: 00: 00 
This Court doth for some rea- 
sons referr the issue of the ap- 
peale of Marshall Gilbert's from 



• In the Record, the words " persons and estates" are repeated after the name of each town. 



COLONY OF CONNECTICUT. 



95 



Frances Browne the judgment of the Court of 

John Green. Assises,* May last, (in that action 

was commenced against him by Mr. Wells,) to the next session 
of the Generall Court. W'drawn in Court. 
[265] This Court doth appoynt the Deputies & Townsmen 
of Windsor to setle a ferry there without delay. 

The Secretary & Mr. Stanton presented the Court w^h an 
accot of what they did at Rhode Island,! and allso a letter 
from the Gouernour of Rhode Island was read in Court,^ 
and a petition from Mr. Hutchinson & Capt" Hudson & 
others ;§ all which are left upon file, to be considered the next 
session of the Generall Court. 

Robt Wattson is by the Court freed from trayneing, watch- 
ing & wardeing. 

Daniel Porter is freed from watching, wardeing & trayne- 
inge. 

This Court vpon the request of Mr. W™ RoseweU, doe 
grant him liberty to distill Indian Corne to liquers, and allso 
to retaile liquers, from a gallon of liquers vpwardes. This to 
stand till the Court takes further order. 

The like liberty is granted to Capt'i Tallcott, Mr. Henry 
Woolcott & Mr. Jos: Willard, vpon the same limitations as 
is granted to Mr. RoseweU. 

• " At a County Court, at Hartford, Mar. 5, 'C7-'68. * * JMr. Thomas Welles, in behalfe of his 
wife as shee is executrix to the estate of Mr. John Pantry deceased, Pltf., Jonathan Gilbert, Defnt. 
in an action of the case for unjust possessing of lands belonging to the afoars'd estate as appeares 
by record, and for vnjust molesting of him in the improueinent of the afoars'd land with damage, 
to the value of forty pownds. The Plaintife declares that the land in controversy is the land be- 
longing to John Pantrey on the east side of the Great Piiver ouer against the landing place, or the 
Marshall's warehouse." 

" The Jury find for the Defi, costs of Court. Mr. Wells doth appeale to the Court of Assis'ts, 
May next." [Co. Court Rec. Til. 73, 76.] 

t In accordance with their instructions, Secretary Allyn and Mr. Stanton repaired to New 
Port, and made known to Gov. Brenton the nature of their commission, with" the desires and 
the claims" of Connecticut ; and asked '• an answer to these perticulers in playne tearms, in 
writing," &c. This communication is dated June 3d, 16G8. The Governor and Council re- 
turn answer "That our Gen" Court is not now sitting, nor is o' Gen" Councill to bee convened 
on a suddaine, by reason of distance of places ; wherfore being incapacitated in thos respects' 
Wee are and shall bee ready to communicate your applicacon to eyther Court or Councill vpon 
the first opportunity, for a farther result." [Col. Boundaries, I. 35, 36.] 
i This letter (dated Aug. 20th, 1668) is in Appendi.x VI. (No. 8.) 

$See petition of Edward Hutchinson and other proprietors of Narragansett lands, in Appendix 
No. vir. 



96 



PUBLIC RECORDS OF THE 



The Court doth desire ]\Ir. Willys to take the advice of 
Colonell Richard Niccolls and Major Rob* Tompson, and to 
take the best way to promoate an issue in the matter depend- 
ing between Rhod Island & this Colony, in respect of the 
Narrogancett Country. And ]Mr. W'" Leete and the Secre- 
tary are desired to draw vp instructions for Mr. Willys and 
present them to the General! Court now in being. 

Vpon the petition of the inhabitants of Rye and Richfi Bul- 
lerd, this Courte sees cause to desire and appoynt L^t Rich** 
Olmsteed, Mr. Tho: Fitch & Mr. John Holly to goe to Rye 
speedily, to heare and labour to issue and compose such dif- 
ferences as are amongst them respecting land or other mat- 
ters, and make returne of what they shall doe, vnder theire 
hands to the next Court.* 

This Court vpon the petition of Cristouer Huntington, doe 
grant him a Hundred Acres of land, prouided there be not 
aboue twenty acres of it meadoAve, and that it prejudice not 
any former grant nor the errecting of a new plantation. L"t 
Griswold & Ens: Tracy are desired to lay it out. 

Those nominated for freemen last May Court w^hoe are on 
file are to be sworn by the respectiue Assistants or Commis- 
sioners of the townes where they dwell. 

This Court doth heartily recommed it to the Plantations 

* Besides the Indian purchase made by the four original proprietors of the township of Rye, 
jointly, John Budd (formerly of Southold, L. I.) one of the proprietors, obtained grants from the 
natives, on his private account, of large tracts of land adjoining or, as was subsequently claimed) 
within, the limits of the township. The Indian deeds, from Shannarocke, sachem, and other 
Indians, bear date, Nov. 8, 1661, Jan. 5th and 12th, 16Ci, [Col. Rec. of Lands, I. 333;] and 
these were subsequently confirmed by Shannarocke, Romackqua and Pathung, April 29th, 
1666; [Ibid, 334.] The tract conveyed is called Apawammis (or Apawquammis,) lying be- 
tween the Mockquams River (Blind brook,) and Pockcotessewake River, (Stony brook,) and ex- 
tending from the sea on the south to the Westchester path on ihe north, with the islands adja- 
cent ; and also, a second tract, lying northward of the former, bounded by Mamaroneck River on 
the west, and extending twenty miles into the country. 

Oct. 2, 1668, the inhabitants of Rye petitioned the General Court, that the neck of land 
owned, or claimed, by Mr. Budd, " may be delivered up to the town, [they] paying him the In- 
dian purchases with interest, he abateing for what land he hath sold, if not prejuditiall to the 
towne ; and them that are prejuditiall may be removed ;" and that the Court would "depute 
two or three persons, whom [thoy] shall think meet to come and settell amongst us, with what 
speed may be." The petitioners allege that Mr. Budd some four years previous, had procured 
the assent of the town to the appropriation of the Neck, "for the settling of himself and chil- 
dren;" but " hath and doth dayley let it, and settle people upon it cxtreamely prejuditiall to the 
towne, without the tovvne's approbation," &c. [Bolton's Hint, of Westchester Co., II. 38.] 



I 



COLONY OF CONNECTICUT. 97 

of Saybrook, Lyme and Thirty Mile Island to agree and con- 
clude the bownds between their plantations, and that it be 
setled according to the neighbourly proposition of our freinds 
of Saybrooke, viz: that the fower miles granted as an addi- 
tion to the bownds of Saybrooke on the west side of the 
River and to Lyme on the east side the River, be divided, two 
miles to Saybrook & Lyme and two miles to Thirty Mile 
Island plantation. 

This Court orders that the plantation of Thirty Mile Isl- 
and shall for the future be called Haddum, and this Court 
grants them the power and priuiledg of a Plantation. 

This Court grants Haddum that the sowth bownds of 
Midleton shall be theire north bownds. 

This Court doth desire that Massacoe, which hitherto hath 
been an appendix to the towne of Windsor, may be improued 
for the makeing of a plantation, & Capt" Benj: Newbery, 
Deacon John Moore & Mr. Symon Woolcott the present 
comittee for the grant of those lands are desired and impow- 
ered by the Courte to farther the planting of the same, and to 
make such just orders as they shall judge requisitt for the well 
ordering of the sayd Plantation, so they be not repugnant to 
the publique orders of this Colony. 

This Court orders that if Saybrooke & Haddum Planta- 
tions doe agree that theire bownds shall be setled according 
to the minde of this Court recommended to them, that then 
there shall runn a west line from Saybrooke bownds, which 
lyne shall be the north bownds of Kennilworth and the sowth 
bownds of Haddum, soe farr as the grant of Haddum bownds 
goeth ; and from thence the bownds of Kenillworth shall 
runn of the same till it meet with Guilford bownds. 

Mrs. Lord, Mr. Haynes & Mi'. Richard Lord haueing peti- 
[266] tioned this Court for || a confirmation of a leass of land 
they haue by their p^desesso"" Capt" Lord procured of the In- 
dians,* which sayd land is pretended to be within that por- 

*Jan. 18th, 1658-9, Seanan, ' Sachem living at Wethersfield,' in consideration of "goods 
received to redeem some prisoners taken by the Mohegans," &c. deeded to Richard Lord Sen., 
of Hartford, "a parcel of land called Nuequiauke," lying "upon 3 small river which goeth upon 
the east side of Conecticot river a little below Thirty Mile Island, which brancheth itself into 
three small brooks ;" bounded, next the great river, with the lands of Major Mason, " and so 



98 



PUBLIC RECORDS OF THE 



tion of land that was allotted for Haddum Plantation, This 
Courte therefore, that they may come to a right vnderstand- 
ing of the matter, doe desire and appoynt the sayd Mr. Lord 
and Mr. Haynes, by themselues or some others, with Simon 
Smith, Ens: Jarrad Spencer & George Gates, to take a veiwe 
of the land leassed to s^ Mr. Lord, and to see whither it be 
within that which they desire to be stated their bownds, all 
or parte of it, and whither there may not be somewhat out 
of theire bownds to recompence Mr. Lord, and to make a re- 
porte of what they finde to the next court in May, whoe will 
then issue the same. 

This Court doth appoynt Ens: Sam" Steele, Nath: Wil- 
lett & Daniel Pratt to diuide that land in controuersie (be- 
tween the Widdow Lord, W™ Leawes & John Allyn,) to 
them according to their grant and record, attendinge therein 
justice and righteousness as near as they cann; and they to 
sett down meer stones between them; which bownds being 
sett are to be and remayne their bownds foreuer. Mr. Rich^ 
Lord in the behalfe of his grandmother engageth to rest sat- 
tisfied in this issue, and W™ Lewes and John Allyn engage 
the same for themselues. 

This Court upon the petition of John Gijiings doe see 
cause to grant him Forty Acres of land, by Jeramy Adams 
his farme in the way to New London, for his seruice in at- 
tending the members of this Court, and he is not to sell it 
without liberty from two of the Assistants. Nath: Willett& 
Thomas Edwards to lay it out there, prouided there be not 
aboue tenn acres of it meadowe. 

This Court orders that in each County the Grand Jury 
shall appeare according to former order, and that the courtes 
in the respectiue counties or the clarke of the court shall 
sumon soe many honest men as the s^ County Court shall 
approue of, to be of the sayd Jury, prouided there be one at 
least of euery plantation in the respectiue counties ; whoe are 



lyetli up those liranclies of this little river." This tract b(!longed to Seanan as " heir to his 
mother, and to her from her ancestor.'.." and was granted "with the consent of his kinsman 
Unc.as." Recorded in Col. Xtec. of Lands, IL 3G. 



COLONY OF CONNECTICUT. 99 

to be sworne by the sayd Courte or one of the Assistants or 
Commissioners whoe the Court shall appoynte. 

This Com't by reason of seuerall applications that haue 
been made to them both by the officers of the church of Christ 
at Windsor, and allso by the dissenting party, are to their 
great greife very apprehensiue that those diuisions that haue 
been amongst them there are not healed, and therefore can- 
not but declare that they are very studious to promoate the 
publique peace of the church and towne of Windsor. And 
in order thereto, this Court doth desire and appoynt the Reu- 
erend Mr. James Fitch, Mr. Samuel Wakeman, Mr. Gershom 
Bulkley & Mr. Joseph Eliott, to meet at Windsor, y« 4^^ day 
of the second week in Aprill (or sooner if they see cause,) 
there to heare all & whatsoeuer shall be represented to them 
by the church of Christ at Windsor or by the dissenting 
bretheren and inhabitants there, in refference to Mr. Chancies 
inuitation, reception, election and ordination to office in the 
church of Christ at Windsor ; as allso whatsoeuer shall be 
objected against the procurement, enterteinment, continu- 
ance and improuement of Mr. Woodbridge at Windsor. 
And when they haue heard what they haue to say, of both 
sides, they are desired and impowered to setle an accomada- 
tion between the church and dissenting bretheren of Wind- 
sor, if they can attayne it. But if, after all their endeauoures 
the afoarsayd Gent" canot attayne an accomadation or issue 
to sattisfaction, they are desired and by this Court ordered to 
make a returne how they find the state of Windsor, w^h their 
[267] aduice || annexed, what way in their judgments may 
be most agreable to rule to setle peace in the church and 
towne of Windsor. But if, by any Prouidence of God, any 
of the forementioned Gent" should be hindred from meeting 
the afoars'i time, they are desired to take the next oppertu- 
nety to attend the afoars<i seruice, so it be before the Generall 
Court in May next. And for the meane time this Court 
grants Mr. Woodbridg liberty to keep a lecture at Windsor 
once a fortnight, on the fowerth day of the weeke, that the 
inhabitants of that Plantat", as theire occassions will permitt, 
may religiously and w^i^out offence attend the same, and not 



100 



PUBLIC RECORDS OF THE 



on the Sabboth wtheut liberty from the Reuerend Mr. War- 
ham : which is all at present this Court sees cause to grant. 

And this Court doth desire the afoarsayd Reuerend Gent" 
to attend what Avas recommended to them from the Generall 
Court in May last, soe as to make a returne of what they 
shall doe therein to the Court iij May next. 

This Court grants Sarjt Richi^ Beckly, Three Hundred 
Acres of land lyeing by Mattabesett Riuer, halfe a mile wide 
of both sides the River, and to runn vp from New Haven 
path so farr till it doth contayne three hundred acres. Sarjt 
John Nott & Sarjt Hugh Wells are desired to lay out the 
land. 

This Court grants vnto Mr. Antho: Howkins, Fifty Acres 
as an adition to the two hundred acres formerly granted him, 
which sayd land is to be layd out by L"' W™ Pratt & Mr. 
Math: Griswold, at the north east corner of the bownds of 
Lyme, prouided it doe not prejudice any former grant or 
plantation. 

Mr. James Rogers, in leiw of a former grant of land which 
he ha5 of one hundred & fifty acres, is allowed Two Hun- 
dred Acres, neare the pond as you goe to New London, pro- 
uided it doe not prejudice any former grant or plantation. 
]VIr. Math: Griswold & Tho: Leffingwell to lay it out. 

This Court grants John Stone, One Hundred Acres of land. 

This Court recommends it to the people of Standford to 
pay vnto Mr. Bryant their proportion of what was agreed to 
be payd to Capt" Mailing. 

These to be propownded for nomination at the Court of 
Election, May next: — Mr, Math: AUyn, Mr. James Richards, 
Mr. Samuel Sherman, Capt" Newbery, Mr. Fayrchild, Mr. 
Samii Tallcott, Mr. Robt Chapman. 

This Court appoynts Mr. Bishop, Mi: Hill, Mr. Math: Gris- 
wold, the Secretly or any three of them to auditt the Treasu- 
rer's accot after the Generall Court. 

These presented to stand for freemen: — of Milford, Jona- 
than Lawe, John Smith; — of Windsor, Joseph (:Jillett, Joseph 
Skiiier, Tahan Grant, Nich: Buckland, Jonath: Winchell, 
Sam^l Baker, John Osborn Sen"", Nicho: Palmer, John Stiles, 



COLONY OF CONNECTICUT. 101 

Luke Hill, Mr. Chancey ; — of Stratford, John Birdseye Junr, 
John Bostick, Eliasaph Preston, Jonas Tomlinson, John 
Willcoxson. 

This Court grants Corporall Marshall a lycenss to retale 
wine and liq""®, till his lycens be called in. 

This Court grants L"*^ W'" Leawes a farme of Two Hun- 
dred Acres of land. 

Thomas Burnam petitioning this Court for audiance in the 
businesse which hath been depending between Mr. Pitkin & 
Bart: Barnard about Podunk lands, the Court did not see 
cause to admitt of his petition because that matter had re- 
ceived a finall issue in the Gen^ Court, May last. 
[268] John Porter haueing been accused by this Court for 
defameing of some whoe haue been in authority in this 
Court* doe order that he make a full acknowledgment of the 
same and manifest his repentance the next traineing day at 
Windsor, or els that he appeare at the next County Court to 
answer for his miscarriage therein. 

In answer to Benjamen Wright's petition, this Court doth 
declare that the case haueing passed to an issue in the Court 
at New Haven, see no cause to admitt of a farther procedure 
therein. 

This Court confirms Marshall Jonathan Gilbert Cornett of 
the Troope of Horss. 

For easeing the publique charge of the Jurisdiction, this 
Court ordereth this, as a meet allowance to euery town to- 
wards the charge of Deputies, leaueing each seuerall town to 
their liberty to send one or two to euery session of the Gener- 
all Court, according to charter : — 

To Hartford, £1. 5s.^ To New Haven, £2. IQs. 

To Wethersfeild, £1. IQs. To Saybrooke, X2. IQs. 
To Windsor, £2. To Guilford, £2. 10s. 

To Midleton, £2. To Norwich, £2. IO5. 

To Farmington, £2. To Brandford, £2. 10s. 

To Fayrfeild, £2. 15s. To Standford, .£3. 



* So in the original record. 

t Ttie numerals and characters, £1. 5s, are substituted here for " one pound, five shillings," as 
written out at length, in the original record ; and so of the other towns, 

9* 



102 PUBLIC RECORDS OF THE 

To Norwalk, £2. 15s. To Kenilworth, £2. IQs. 

To Rye, £3. To Milford, £2. 10s. 

To Haddum, £2. To Stratford, £2. 12s. 

To New London, £2. Ids. To Stonington, £2. Ids. 
To Lyme, £2. 15s. To Greenwich, <£3. 

for one session, which is for the two Courts yearly one hun- 
dred and seuen pownds, fower shillings. 

This Court orders that one or more of each county be ap- 
poynted yearly to auditt the acco^s of the Jurisdiction. 

It is ordered by this Court that for the future the prizes of 
Horses in the List of Estates shall be. Horses of one year old, 
one pownd tenn shillings ; two year old Horses, three pownds ; 
three year old Horses, fower pownds tenn shillings ; fower 
year old Horses & upwards, six pownds. 

It is ordered by this Court that for the future the prizes of 
Cattell in the List of Estates shall be, one year olds, one 
pownd ; two year olds, two pownds ; three year olds, three 
pownds ; fower year olds, and cowes, fower pownds ; fiue 
year old oxen & upwards, fiue pownds. 

This Court orders that if any person or persons shall be 
called to an acco* for the breach of a former lawe that re- 
quires all persons to attend the publique worship of God &c. 
it shall be lawfull for the Assises or Commissioners before 
whome any such person is brought & complayned of for the 
breach of the s'^ lawe, to judg him guilty of the breach of the 
afoarsd lawe except he make it appeare that he did attend 
the publique worship of God or was necessarily detained 
from the same the afoars'i time. 

Whereas there haue been seuerall complaynts and applica- 
tions made to this Court by seuerall inhabitants of the Narro- 
gancett countrey who haue petitioned us to establish a ciuill 
[269] gouerment there (they being || at present (as they say) 
without Gouerment,) This Court haueing formerly commis- 
sionated the Secretary & Mr. Stanton to treat in behalfe of this 
Colony with the gouerment of Rohd Island about the prem- 
ises, which conferrance hath produced no sattisfaction to this 
Gouerment, This Court being wiUing to attend all wayes of 
peace, doe order the Secretary in the name and by order of 



COLONY OF CONNECTICUT. 103 

this Court to certify the Gouerment of Rhode Island that if 
they please to attend and commissionate two or more to treat 
w^h some likewise commissionated by this Colony, we shall 
attend them at New London, in Nouember or March next as 
they shall please to appoynt; which commissioners shall be 
impowered to endeauour an amicable complyance and issue 
between this Colony and Rhode Island in refFerence to those 
claymes that are between us, to the lands & gouerment of 
the Narrogancett country ; and that if the sayd Gouerment of 
Rhode Island shall refuse to attend such a treaty as afoars^, 
this Court doth determin to use all just endeauoures to 
mayntayn there proprieties in those lands circumscribed 
w"'in the bownds of our charter, and the peaceable improue- 
mentofthe same.* The Committee appoynted in behalfe of 
this Colony are Mr. W™ Leet, the Secretly, Capt" Fitz John 
& Capt" Waight Winthrop, Mr. Tho: Stanton, Mr. Mathew 
Griswold, or any three or more of them. 

Forasmuch as sundry of the people inhabitants w^^^in that 
tract of land in the Narrogancett country, which lyeth cir- 
cumscribed wt^in the lines of o"" Pattent, and which sayd 
people haue formerly by theire own free choyse been vnder 
this Gouerment and doe still petition the same, as yet haue- 
ing no orderly Gouerment owned <?s setled amongst them 
whereby they may be religiously gouerned and haue their just 
rights secured to them, but are suffered to be violated and in- 
jured to their insufferable damage and wroung, contrary to 
the order and appoyntment of the Right Honourable General! 
Nicolls and others of his Mamies Commissioners, This Court 
doth authorize and commissionate the Hon^ ]Mr. Samuel 
Willys, in conjunction w'^ Rob^ Tompson, of London, Esq"", 
by way of petition or otherwise as they shall see cause, to 
present the matter to his Ma^'e for resolution herein, that soe 
we may come more fully to see our way & what duty may be 
incumbant upon us both towards his Ma^ie and respecting 
those people that doe soe apply themselues to us for succour 
upon the acco* forementioned, whose request, w'^^ the narra- 

* See letter to the Government of Rhode Island, in Appendix VI, (9) ; and the reply, dated May 
14th, 1669. 



104 PUBLIC RECORDS OF THE 

tive of their grieuances &c., IVIr. Willys is desired allso to take 
along w'h him and improue as they shall see occassion ; that 
people likewise furnishing him or them with what may be 
farther needfull for their carrying on that affayre or their ne- 
gotiation therein. 

This Court doth recommend it to and order the people of 
the seuerall plantations throughout this Colony to keep the 
third Wedensday in Nouember next a publique day of 
Thanksgiueing to returne thankes to God for the continua- 
tion of his mercy to us the year past, both in respect of that 
peace and health which hath been contiiiued in most of the 
plantations, and the restoration of health in a comfortable 
measure [in] those townes that haue been visited w^'^ sick- 
ness, and for God's blessings upon us in the fruits of the 
earth. 

The Court is adjourned tiU the Gouernor or Deputy see 
cause to call it agayne. 



[270] At a Court qf Election held at Hartford, 
May 13th, 1669. 

These vjere nominated for These underivritten icere 

Election. elected. 

John Winthrop Esq"" John "Winthrop Esq^, Gouern' 

Major John Mason W™ LeeteEsq'', Dep. Gouern^ 

Mr. Samii Willys Assistants. 

Capt" Nathan Gold Major John Mason sworne 

Captn John Tallcott Mr. Samii Willys absent 

Mr. Henry Woplcott Capt" Nathan Gold absent 

Mr. John Allyn CapfJi John Tallcott sworne 

Mr. W'n Leete Mr. Plenry Woolcott sworne 

Mr. Wm Joanes L"' John Allyn sworne 

Mr. Benj: Fenn Mr. W™ Joanes sworne 

Mr. Alex: Bryant Mr. Benj: Fenn absent 

Mr. James Bishop Mr. Alex: Bryant absent 

Mr. Antho: Howkins Mr. James Bishop sworne 

Mr. James Richards Mr. Anth: Howkins sworne 



COLONY OF CONNECTICUT. 



105 



Mr. SamU Shearman 
Capt" Benj:Newbery 
Mr. Thorn: Fayrechild 
Mr. Sam" Tallcott 
Mr. Robt Chapman. 

The Deputies of the 
Court are 
Mr. W'» Wadsworth 
Mr. Richard Lord 
Capt" Benj: Newbery 
Deacon John Moore 
L'lt Thomas Munson 
Mr. John Mosse 
Mr. John Deming 
Sarjf John Nott 
Mr. W«i Hill 
Mr. Jehu Burr 
Ens: Sam" Steele 
Sarjt John Standly 
Mr. Edw: Griswould 
Lnt Jos: Hall 
Ens: Nath: White 
Sam" Stocking 
Deacon Georg Clarke 
Mr. Thom: Welch 
Mr. Thom: Stanton 
Mr. Nehem: Palmer 
Deacon John Fowler 
Sarjt W'" Johnson 
Lit Richd Olmstead 
John Gregory 
Georg Gates 
Peter Blachford , 
Lnt "Wm Curtice 
Mr. Jos: Hawly 
Mr. Robt Chapman 
Lnt Wn Pratt 



Mr. James Richards sworne 

Capt" John Tallcott, Treasur. 
L»t John Allyn, Secrefy. 



The freemen left it with the Gen'i 
Court to chuse Commissioners. 

Presented for freemen : — Rich'i 
Edwards, John Marsh, Thomas 
Long, Mr. Way, of Hartford. 

Thomas Marshall, Isack Lane, 
of Midleton. 

Mr. John Blackleach Sen"", Job: 
Brinsmead, for Stratford. 

New Haven: — Jeremy Hall, Jo- 
seph Tutell, John Frost, Rich'^ 
Newman, Jeremy Johnson, Thom- 
as Smith, John Ives, Barth: Jacob. 

Say Brooke : — Rob* Niccols, Robt 
Bull, Julian Bull, W™ Dudley, 
Sam'i Cogswell, John Pratt, W^ 
Parker Jun"", Joseph Peck. 

Farming-ton : — John Coale, Oba- 
diah Richards, John North, Samuel 
North, Thomas Bull, Samuel Grid- 
ley. 

[271] Guilford :—W^ Dudley, An- 
drew Benton, Nathan Bradley, Ste- 
uen Bradley, Sam" Hughes, Judah 
Euerts. 

Stonington : — Thomas Wheeler, 
Isack Wheeler, Josiah Witter, Mr. 
John Dennison. 

Mil ford: — Sam" Burwell, Benj: 
Fenn, John Plumbe, Sam" Nuton, 



106 



PUBLIC RECORDS OF THE 



Mr. Math: Griswould Josi: Baldwine, Sam'^ Baldwin, 
Ens: Wm Waller Sam^i Samford, Jos: Hawkins, Abel 

Mr. Dan: Witherly Gunn, Ephraim Smith. Sam" Clark, 

Lnt James Auery Georg Clarke. 

Richard Fowels Fayrefeild : — Mr. Joanes, Mr. 

Ens: Fran: Browne Haruy, Rich^ Lyon, John Andrews, 

John Greene Francis Bradley, John Tomkins, 

Mr. John Willford Joseph Middlebrooke. 

Hugh Calkin Haddum : — Mr. Nicho: . Noice, 

Ln' Francis Griswould. Jk)hn Spencer, Dan" Braynard, Jo- 
seph Stonard, Dan" Cone, Mr. 
Bates, James Wells, Richard Pyper. 

Kennihcorth : — Henry Farnum, Benj: Wright, Annanias 
Turriner, Ben: Wright Jun"", Rich^i Hende, Jos: Rosseter, Jo- 
siah Hull Jun"", John Hull, Obadiah Willcoxson, Jonathan 
Duning, Rob^ Williams. 

These were chosen Comi's for the yeare ensueing, in the 
seuerall plantations : — Capt" Newbery, for Windsor ; Mr. 
Sam" Wells, and Mr. Sam" Tallcott, for Wethersfeild ; Mr. 
Hamlin & Ens: White, for Midleton ; Mr. Rob* Chapman & 
Lnt Wm Pratt, for Saijhrook Sf Lime; Mr. Math: Griswould, 
for Lyme; L"* James Auery & Mr. Dan" Witherly, Com^s 
for New London; Mr. Tho: Stanton & Tho: Minor for Ston- 
ington ; Mr. Edward Griswould, for Kenilworth ; Mr. John 
Willford, for Brandford ; Mr. Gilbert, Capt" John Nash, for 
Nev) Haven; Mr. John Clark, for Millford; Mr. Tho: 
Fayrechild, for Stratford ; Mr. W^ Hill, Mr. Jehu Burr, for 
Fayrefeild; Lnt Richd Qlmsteed, Mr. Tho: Fitch, for Nor- 
walke ; Mr. Lawes, for Standford. 

This Court orders that the Comi's of the County of New 
London, New Haven & Fayrefeild are inuested with Magis- 
traticall power w^hin the seuerall plantations to which they 
doe belong, and at their respectiue County Courts. 

Whereas seuerall Gent" in the name of sundry freemen 
presented to this Court their desires that those who were elect- 
ed this Generall Court should take the oath of supremacy 
and obedience, this Court in order to theire sattisfaction did 
nominate, desire & appoynte the Gouerno'', Major Mason & 
Mr, Henry Woolcott to be a committee in the behalfe of this 



COLONY OF CONNECTICUT. 107 

Court to consider and draw up an answer to the sayd write- 
ing and present it to this Court for a fartlier consideration Re- 
issue of the same. 

The Court remits Tho: Wheeler his fine which by order 
from the Treasurer was levyed upon him by the Marshall. 

This Court orders that the towne of Stonington shall pay 
the Marshall's charge in goeing to Stonington to leuy Thomas 
Wheeler's fine, (which as the Marshall says) is Three 
pownds. 

Whereas in [the] Constables oath, the Constable is obliged 
onely till another is chosen, this Court orders that for the 
future it shall be added to the oath, vntill a new be chosen 
and sworne. 

In the list of Estates, as foloweth, — John Tompson Jun^", 
47£. 155. John Beardsley, 87X. 12s. M. John Wells, 71£. 
5a-. 0^. W^n Robberts, 76X. Sam" Fayrchild, UX. Sam" 
Mills, 39£. 105. Theophilus Shearman, 44X. 10s. This 
Court orders that those aboue written or so many of them as 
haue unjustly been repulsed in the endeauoring to procure 
■ their freedome, they makeing it appeare that they haue been 
unjustly debarred of that priuiledg, and that they are quali- 
fied according to lawe, to the sattisfaction of JNIr. Gold & the 
Comrs of Fayrefeild and Stratford, they shall stand as nom- 
inated for their freedom at this court. 

The returne of the Reuerend Mr. James Fitch, ]\Ir. Buckly 
Mr. Wakeman & IVIr. Eliott was read in this Court, and left 
upon the file. 

This Court desires and appoynts the Major, Mr. AUyn, 
Mr. Bishop, Mr. Richards, Mr. Hill, Mr. Math: Griswold, and 
\j^^ Griswold, a committee to consider and prepare some 
thing for the consideration of the Court, respecting ecclesias- 
ticall matters. 

This Court confirmes Mr. John Mason Ensigne of the 
Traine Band of Norwddge. John Stream is confirmed En- 
signe of Milford Traine Band, and Thomas Campfeild & 
Samuel Eales are confirmed Sarj cants of the Traine Band of 
Milford. 
[272] For the preuention of trouble to the inhabitants of 



108 PUBLIC RECORDS OF THE 

the seuerall plantations in this Colony, this Court doe grant 
liberty and hereby impower any one Assis^ or Com"", w^^ the 
Selectmen of the towne where he lines or any two of them, 
to hear and determine any action that shall be presented be- 
fore them for tryall, to the value of forty shillings, and to enter 
judgment upon the case and grant execution upon the judg- 
ment; prouided any person that acco^s himselfe agreiued 
with any issue or judgment that shall pass upon his case, 
hath liberty to reveiwe to the next County Court in that 
County ; and in euery such case judgment shall be respited 
till the issue of the case. And towards the expences of the 
persons attending these Courts, euery person that enters an 
action to be tryed as afoars^', shall pay two shillings for the 
same, besides the clarke's fees, which shall be as is allready 
prouided by lawe for the entry of actions w'^^ the clarke of 
the county. Prouided allso, the s^ Court shall keep a record 
of all their proceedings as afoarsayd. 

Vpon the petition of Mr. W'» Andrews on behalfe of Capt^ 
Thomas Clarke, master of the Iron Workes of N: Haven, for 
encouragment of the s^i worke in supply of the country with* 
good iron and well wrought according to art, This Court doe 
confirme a grant formerly made by N: Haven, viz : that the 
sayd persons & estates constantly and onely imployed in the 
sayd worke shall be and are hereby exempted from payeing 
countrey rates for seuen yeares next ensueing. IVIr. Wilford 
engages to pay ten shillings for this petition. 

This Court remitts Jeremy Judson the remaynder of the 
fine that is unpayd, which fine was imposed upon him by 
the County Court, March last, at Fayrefeild, for selling Cider 
to the Indians. 

The Gouerno'' & Capt" John Ta'llcot were chosen Com^s 
for the year ensueing, and Mr. James Richards for a reserue. 

Whereas their hath been a difference between Saybrook & 
Haddum, and Lyme & Haddum about their bownds, for the 
issue of the case this Court orders that the fower miles 
granted to Saybrook & Lyme shall be diuided, two miles of 
it to Saybrook and Lyme, and two miles of it to Haddum 
plantation. 



1 



COLONY OF CONNECTICUT. 109 

This Court grants that the bownds of Haddum shall runn 
from the great Riuer westward into the wilderness six miles, 
and from the great Riuer eastward into the wilderness six 
miles, prouided this grant doe not prejudice any former grant 
made to any plantation or perticuler person. 

This Court grants Capt" John Tallcott & L"' John Allyn 
liberty to take up their former grant of land near the sowth 
bownds of Midleton at or near a place called Coginchauge ;* 
and if they doe not judg it conuenient to take up all their 
grant there, they may take up halfe of their grant elsewhere ; 
and Ens: White and W™ Cheney are appoynted to lay it 
out to them. 

This Court haueing seriously considered the great divis- 
ions that arise amongst us about matters of Church Gouer- 
ment, for the honor of God, weUfare of the churches and 
preseruation of the publique peace so greatly hazarded, doe 
declare that whereas the Congregation all Churches in these 
partes for the generall of their profession and practice haue 
hitherto been approued, we can doe no less than still approue 
and countenance the same to be w'l^out disturbance vntill 
better light in an orderly way doth appeare ; but yet foras- 
much as sundry persons of worth for prudence and piety 
amongst us are otherwise perswaded (whose wellfare and 
peaceable sattisfaction we desire to accomadate,) This Court 
doth declare that all such persons being allso approued ac- 
cording to lawe as orthodox and sownd in the fundamentalls 
of Christian religion may haue allowance of their perswa- 
sion and profession in church wayes or assemblies w^i^out 
disturbance. 
[273] In regard Mr. Mathew Griswold is chosen and 

* Coginchaug ; afterwards, Durham. Some years later, Mr. Samuel Wyllys, Capt. Talcott, 
Mr. James Richards and Mr. Allyn, all of whom then held lands at Coginchaug under grants 
from the General Court, purchased the native right to the whole tract, from the sachem Turra. 
niuggus and other Indian proprietor?. The deed (executed, Jan. 24, 1672-3,) is recorded in the 
Col. Rec. of Lands, 1. 411. A plot of the township of Durham (in Towns & Lands, Vol. II, Doc. 
175) exhibits the location of the several Coginchaug farms ; among which were " (loUo. Tall- 
cott's upland farmes, upon which this Honrd. Generall Court ordered the town of Durham to be 
layed out." 

The grant to Capt. Talcott and Mr. Allyn, (of 600 acres of upland and 100 acres of meadow, 
was made in March, 1662. See Col. Rec. 1. 376. 

10 



110 PUBLIC RECORDS OF THE 

[sworn Com'" for Lyme, this Court doe]* order that the sayd 
town shall chuse another constable in his roome. 

Whereas seuerall persons in the plantations of this Colo- 
ny are apt to be injurious to their neighbours by their disor- 
derly rideing in the townes, whereby the Hues of themselues 
and others are hazarded and endangered, for the preuention 
whereof this Court doth order that after the publication 
hereof, whatsoeuer person or persons shall beyond the pace 
of an ordinary and easy hand gallop, ride or runn in any 
the streats or lanes lyeing w^^iin the limitts of any towne 
plott, without it be upon speciall and necessary occasions, or 
troopers under the conduct of their commanders, euery such 
person or persons that shall transgresse this order shall pay 
fine shillings, two shillings to the complayner and three 
shillings to the towne treasury where the transgression is 
committed ; any one Assistant or Com"" to heare and issue 
any such case and to grant distress for the sayd fine imposed 
by lawe. 

This Court doth order and appoint that the third Wed- 
ensday in June next be kept throughout this Colony, a day 
of Humiliation .to humble o^ soules before the Lord for all 
C unprofitableness under the precious seasons of grace we 
enjoy, for o"" unthankfulness for our spirituall liberties and 
outward injoyments, and for the diuissions and contentions 
that are yet remayneing amongst us whereby we haue 
caused the Lord to goe out agaynst us in those late judg- 
ments of blasting the increase of the feild and spoyling the 
fruits of the trees &c. and to beg mercy of the Lord in be- 
halfe of his people of England, that he would bless o"" Lord 
the King and establish peace and truth throughout his do- 
minions; and that he would smile upon us in this wilder- 
ness, heale o*" diuisions, rcmoue his judgments from us, bless 
our injoyments spirituall and temporal, continnue health in 
C habitations, bless the fruits of the earth, and o"" labours in 
the occassions of the cnsueing yeare. 

Vpon the petition of the chvircli of Stratford, this court 
doth declare that whereas y" church haue setled Mr. Chancey 

*Thc'Ke words are pnrtially ulilitcratiid. 



COLONY OF CONNECTICUT. Ill 

their officer and doe desire that they may peaceably injoy 
the full improuement of their minister and administrations 
without hinderance or disturbance, the Court grants their pe- 
tition therein, onely the Court seriously aduiseth both parties 
to choose some indifierent persons of piety and learning to 
compose their differences and setle an agreement among 
them, and that till October Court there may be liberty for 
Mr. Walker to preach once in the day, as they haue hitherto 
done by their agreement, the church alloweing him full three 
howers between the church two meetings for the same. 

Seuerall inhabitants of Stoneington petitioning this Court 
for their approbation that they might setle themselues in 
Church order, this Court grants them their petition. 

Mr. John Blackleach Sen"" moueing this Court for their 
approbation that he might use his endeauoures to make 
known to the Indians (in the best way he can) something 
of the knowledg of God according as he shall haue oppor- 
tunety, This Court grants his desire therein, w^'^' theire de- 
sires that he may through the blessing of God be an advan- 
tagious instrument to the end proposed. 

This Court desires Mr. James Bishop to administer the 
oath of a Magistrate to Capt" Gold, Mr. Fenn & Mr. Bry- 
ant, and L"' Olmsteed to administer ^he oath to Mr. Fayre- 
child & Mr. Lawes ; and the Major to administer the oath 
to Mr. Witherell & Tho: Minor; and any one of the Assist- 
ants to administer the oath to Mr. Sam'i Wells & Mr. Sam^i 
Tallcott ; and Mr. Gold to administer the oath of a Com"" to 
Mr. Tho: Fitch, Mr. W'" Hill and Mr. Jehue Burr ; and Mr. 
Joanes to administer the oath to Mr. Gilbert & Capt" Nash ; 
and Mr. Fenn to administer the oath of a Com"" to Mr. 
John Clarke. 

Mr. Gershom Buckley, Mr. John Hollister, Tho: W^s, 
Captn Thomas Atwood, Tho: Couch, Jo: Brunson, John 
Edwards, John Beckly, Nath: Borman, Edward Benton, 
"Wm Warner, Caleb Benjamen, are nominated to stand for 
their acceptation for freemen. 

This Court grants Joseph Bull & John Bidwell Jun"" the 
suine of Two Hundred Acres of land, in the next commons 



112 



PUBLIC RECORDS OF THE 



to the place where there saw mill stands, with liberty to take 
timber out of the commons for the improuement of their 
saw mill as their need s[hall] require. 

This Court grants Henry Wakelin* Fifty A[cres] of land, 
and Ln' Curtice, Ens: Judson & [ ] Hawly are to lay 

it to him. 

For N: H: presented for nomination for freemen, — Samil 
Hopkins, Mathias Hitchcock, Nath: A[ ] W™ Trow- 

bridg, John Down, Nath: Thorp, Sam^i Cooke, Benj: Brack- 
ett, Sam'i [Clarkj] Andrew Goodyer, John Glouer, John 
Smith, Nath: Boyken, John Parker, John A[ ] 

[274] RichJ Litle, John Ball, Nath: Merryman, Caleb Ruth- 
erford, Edmun Dorman. 

For B:J John Bowers, Edward Frisbey, Thom: Harrison, 
Robt Foote, John Whitehead, Georg Page, Edward Ball, 
Wm Hoadley. 

This Court orders that the select men and constables in 
the seuerall plantations shall take a list of all the freemen in 
theire respectiue plantations where they dwell, and send it 
up under their hands fayrely written by their deputies to the 
Gen^i Court in October next, and the Secreti^y is to record 
the same in a booke for that purpose, that soe when there 
may be any occasion or difficulty about that matter, whoe 
are freemen, it may be the easier determined.^ 

This Court orders that the Assistants or Com''^ in the res- 
pectiue plantations are hereby authorized to administer the 
oath of freedom to those that were propownded for that 
priuiledg the last Court. 

This Court desires the townesmen of Hartford to make 
prouision for the supply of Thomas Harris, whilst he is un- 
der his present weaknesse, and the Court will determine, 
October next, how what is expended upon them shall be 
answered. 

This Court orders that for the future the towne of Ston- 

•80 in the record, 
t Partially obliterated. 
t Branford. 

5 Copies of the lift* of freemen, for the iseveral town.", «> f:ir as they have been pre.«prvf>d, 
will be found in Appendix V. 



COLONY OF CONNECTICUT. 113 

ington shall be alowed for what of their rates they pay by 
order of the Treasurer at NewLondon, two shillings in the 
pownd. 

This Court grants that the plantation at Massacoe shall 
be rate free to the country for three yeares next ensueing. 

This Court grants L"' Rich'^ Olmsteed Sixty Acres of 
land, where he can find it, it not being prejudicial! to any 
former grant or plantation. 

Vpon the motion of Mr. Sam" Stone, this Court doth 
grant Mr. Stone liberty to receiue of the Indians that parcell 
of land which they reserued for themselues at Padaquonck,* 
prouided if he dispose of it, it. shall be to such person as 
shall be approued of by the towne in whose bownds it shall 
lye. 

This Court upon the motion of Mr. Nicholas Knell, doe 
grant him an addition of Fifty Acres of land to his former 
grant, and it is to be layed out by the persons that were ap- 
poynted to lay out his former grant. 

Mr. Tho: Stanton and James Morgan are desired by this 
Court to lay out the land that was granted to L"t James 
Auery by the former Court ;f and Tho: Leppingwell & Cris- 
touer Huntington to lay out to L"t Franc: Griswold what 
was granted to him. 

The precedent Court haueing desired and impowered Mr. 
James Fitch, Mr. Gershom Buckley, Mr. Sam" Wakeman 
& Mr. Joseph Eliott, to hear all that should be pi'sented to 
them by the church of Windsor or by the dissenting breth- 
eren and inhabitants there in refference to Mr. Chancey's in- 
vitation, reception, election and ordination, and allso what- 
soeuer should be objected against the procurement, intertein- 
ment, continuance and improuement of Mi". Woodbridge at 
Windsor, and when they haue heard what they have to say 
of both sides, to setle an accomadation in that case, and the 
sayd Gent" haueing heard and considered and returned in 

•Padaquonck, (elsewhere Pattacunk and Padacunk,) the northeast part of the township of 
Saybrook, bordering on Haddara ; now, Chester. 

fThis grant to Lieut James Avery was laid out, Oct. 12th, 1669, — adjoining the Jand of 
Thomas Stanton, on Pachaug River. Recorded in Col. Rec. of Lands, I. 278. 

10* 



114 PUBLIC RECORDS OF TH<13 

writeing under their hands the sence of that case and their 
aduice for an accomadation suitable to the present state 
of matters there, This Court doth, according to the serious 
aduice of those sayd Gent^ approue that both those Gent" 
viz : Mr. Chancy & Mr. Woodbridg abide in their respect- 
iue improuements as formerly, till such time as either there 
be a greater appearance of the setlement of their peace 
in the injoyment of these, or some other orderly means (to 
be promoated by theciuill authority,) may be used for the 
procureing of another minister, so as may be for the union 
and sattisfaction of the whole, or till some other expedient 
be ordered by the Court. And it is ordered that a coppy of 
the elders' aduice be deliuered to the church of Windsor 
and another coppy to the dissenting party. And it is de- 
sired they would seuerally declare to the next Court in Octo- 
ber, their consideration about it. 

[275] This Generall Assembly of his Mat'es Colony of Con- 
ecticutt doe unan[imously] declare to the freemen and other 
inhabitants of this Colony, that they doe in all humble mailer 
acknowledg and profess their duty and true allegience to C 
Soueraigne Lord the King, renownceing the Pope and all 
other forraine princes, states and potentates, and their juris- 
diction and authority. And haueingreceiuedhis Mamies gra- 
cious Charter w^^ full commission therein for the righteous 
and religious gouernment of his Mat'e^ subjects of this Col- 
ony, they find that it hath been endeauoured by the prece- 
dent Assemblyes, and the members thereof, to haue his 
Mamies pleasure duely obserued in the administration of the 
essentials of that way & order of gouerment which he hath 
been pleased to appoynt, and that all officers haue been under 
those respectiue oathf^ which his Ma''es Charter doth require. 
And they do now farther declare that they doe seriously in- 
deauour and will so doe for the future (God assisting,) to the 
best of their knowledg and skill to gouern this his Ma^'^s 
Colony according to his Ma^'^s command in the sayd Char- 
ter or Letters Pattents, and euery part thereof, and that all 
officers shall haue their respectiue oathes which are required 
in the said Charter. 



COLONY OF CONNECTICUT. 



115 



The Court is adjourned till the Gouernor or Deputy see 
cause to call them againe. 



A Generall Assembly held at Hartford, Octob'' 14*'', 

1669. 



Wm Leet Esqr, Dep* Gouern' 
Mr. Samii Willys, 
Mr. Wm Joanes 
Capt" John Tallcott 
Mr. Henry Woolcott 
Mr. John Allyn, ^ec^'y 
Mr. James Richards 
Mr. James Bishop 
Mr. Alex: Bryant 
Mr. Benj: Fenn 
Mr. Anth: Howkins. 
The Deputies of this Court 
are, 
Mr. Wm Wadsworth 
Mr. Richard Lord 
Mr. Samuel Tallcott 
Sarjt John Nott 
L"' Thomas Munson 
Mr. John Mosse 
Lnt Wn Fowler 
Mr. George Clarke 



Upon the request of some 
Gent" of the County of New 
London, this Court orders that 
the Courts at New London for 
the future shall be kept the 
first Tewsday in June and the 
third Tewsday in September, 
annually, and that there shall 
be one Assistant at least ap- 
poynted to attend those Courts, 
by the Generall Court in 
May.* 

For Guilford, presented for 
freemen, John Collins, Ebene- 
zer Thompson, W^i Stone 
Jun"", John Scranton Jun"" : — 

Joseph Stanton, for Stoning- 
ton : — 

Norwalke ; Tho: Taylor, Ja- 
cin Gregory, Judah Gregory, 
Sam^^ Campfield : — 



* A petition to the General Court, (dated Sept. 17th, 1669,) signed by "Daniel Wetherell, 
Gierke, in the name and with the consent of the Commissioners for the County of New London," 
Bets forth, that the county had been empowered to hold two courts yearly (in June and Sep- 
tember,) to consist of one Magistrate with the Commissioners; that "it having pleased God so 
by his Providence to bless us with the inioyment of only one Maiestrate within our County, 
namely, our hon^ Maior Mason, who by God's visiting hand upon him in respect of weaknes 
and sicknes of body, hath not at all times been in a capacity to vndergoe the great trouble that 
atends our Courts, without assistance, whereby our Courts have been formerly much weak- 
ened," &c.; that they were now vv'hoUy destitute of such help, as the law requires ; and prays 
the Court to appoint some person to this service, especially naming Mr. John Allyn, " who is 
well acquainted with our concernments ; and our matters many times requires able help in re- 
spect |0f the often recourse of merchants and strangers by reason of the conveniencie of our 
Harbor here." [Civil Officers, Vol. I. Doc. 52.] 



116 



PUBLIC RECORDS OF THE 



Mr. Edward Griswold 
Lit Josiah Hull 
]\Ir. Thorn: Stanton 
Mr. Elisha Cheesbrooke 
Georg Gates 
Joseph Mead 
Captn Ben: Nubery 
Deacon John Moore 
Ens: Samuel Steele 
Sarjt John Standly 
W"^ Johnson 
John Scra[w^o»] 
Mr. John Wilford 
Tho: Blachly absent 
John Gregory 
John Bowgh[tow] 
Hugh Calkin absent 
Thomas Leffingwell 
Mr. Robt Chapman 
Lnt "Wm Pratt 
Mr. Joseph Hawly 
Lnt Wm Curtice 
Ens: Nath: White 
Sam^i Stocking 
Mr. Danii Witherley 
L"t James Auery 
Mr. Rich^ Law absent 
John Greene. 



Milford ; James Primme, 
Ephraim Wheeler, John Fow- 
ler, John Smith, John Rogers, 
Nath: Biscoe, John Turrell, 
Josiah Tibballs : — 

Stratford; Thomas Fayre- 
child, Benja: Beach : — 
[276] Neio London; Mr. Si- 
mon Bradstreet, Mr. Edward 
Palmes, Mr. Charles Hill, Mr. 
Joshua Raymond, Mr. John 
Baldwin, Mr. W'" Condy, Mr. 
Sam'i Chester, John Daniel, 
John Keeny, Daniel Leister, 
Gabrill Harris, Joseph Coite, 
John Steuens, Sam^i Beebe, 
Thomas Beebe, Joshua Hemp- 
stead, Rob* Douglass, W^ 
Dowglass, Cristouer Auery, Ol- 
iuer Manwaring, Miles Moore, 
John Stebings Jun^, Alex: 
Pygon, Thomas Roach, John 
Allyn, Andrew Leister Jun^", 
James Auery Jun"", Sam" Bur- 
rowes, John Burrowes, John 
Packer, Aron Start, John 
Lambe, John Smith, James 
Morgan Jun^, John Morgan, 
Sam" Royce, Dan" Cumstock, 
Nath: Royce, Edward Smith, Nehemiah Smith. 

Milford hath ammunition sufficient according to lawe. 
Norwalke hath their ammunition according to lawe, only 
some powder wanting. 

Whereas o"" beloved bretheren at Saybrooke have formerly 
by and w^^ the approbation of the Gouernr & severall Ma- 
gistrates and Elders of Churches, cmbodyed themselves in 
church society, to take off some scruples that may happyly 
lye in the breasts of any concerning their non-attendance of 



I 



COLONY OF CONNECTICUT. 117 

the lawe in the punctilioes of it, and this Court findeing no 
record of their proceedings in this matter, doe now upon 
their request see .cause hereby to declare that they doe ap- 
proue of their imbodying themselues in church society, and 
desire the Lord to smile upon them, establish and bless their 
beginnings. 

Whereas it is too manifest to this Court that the Natiues 
about us notw'^'standing all counsell and aduice to the con- 
trary giuen them by the authority here, haue and still doe 
proceed to committ murther and kill one another w'^in the 
English plantations and upon the English land, and take no 
course that justice be executed upon such malefactors, as 
may take off the guilt of blood from the land, — For the pre- 
uention whereof, this Court doth order that for the future 
whateuer Indian or Indians shall willfully and violently fall 
upon any Indian or Indians w'^in this Colony upon the Eng- 
lish land and murther him, he shall be put to death ; and if 
the Indians doe not execution upon such a murtherer or mur- 
therers forthw^^, the next ciuill officer upon information 
thereof shall forthwith cause him or them to be apprehended 
and w'^hout bayle or maynprize committ him to the common 
goale, there to be secured for a tryall [at] the next Court of 
Assistants. And the Constables in the seuerall plantations 
are hereby required to take sure course that this order be 
duely published to the Indians that Hue within their respect- 
ive lirnitts. 

The List of Estates. 

Hartford, 17037: 05: 00 Guilford, 6095: 11: 00 

Wethersfeild, 12134: 13: 08| Norwich, 3864: 11: 00 

NewHauen, 15402: 10: 00 MidleTon, 3920: 00: 00 

Milford, 09629: 14: 00 Stratford, 8636: 11: 00 

Windsor, 13258: 00: 00 Kenilworth, 2475: 04: 00 

Stonington, 04498: 05: 00 Brandford, 2313: 05: 00 

NewLondon, 07745: 05: 00 Greenwich, 1667:10:00 

Norwalke, 04834: 00: 00 Standford, 5094: 04: 00 

Farmington, 06326: 00: 00 Rye, 2403: 10: 00 

Saybrooke, 05224: 00: 00 Fayrefeild, 9432: 05: 00 



118 



PUBLIC RECORDS OF THE 



[277] The Court haueing considered the petition of Kath- 
eren Harrison, doe declare that they see no cause to admitt 
of any farther heareing of her complaint against Mr. Chester, 
she haueing neglected to prosecute her case according to 
law in the Court of Assistants. 

This Court desire Mr. Richards to procure standards of 
waights and measures (for the use of the colony,) from Eng- 
land, viz : a gallon, two gallons, fower gallons, brass, Win- 
chester measure, sealed w^^ the city scale ; and brass waights, 
a fifty-six, twenty-eight, fowerteen, seuen, fower, two, and one ; 
and the Court engages to see the sayd Mr. Richards sattis- 
fyed for the same out of the publique Treasurie, to his ra- 
tionall content. 

This Court grants liberty of makeing a plantation at Paw- 
gasuck, and continue the grant of the same priuiledges to 
the people there that were formerly granted to them May 
9'h, 67; they attending the sayd order of Court, and what 
it requires of their behalfe, and that they effect the same be- 
tween this and October next com two yeares. And this 
Court appoynts Edward Worster constable for this present 
yeare, and Mr. Bryant is desired to administer the oath of a 
constable to him. 

This Court appoynts John Case, constable for Massacoe 
and Mr. Woolcott or Cap" Newbery are desired to adminis- 
ter the constables oath to him. 

This Court orders that those nominated for freemen (w^^ 
Phillip Lewes, May last,) shall be sworne by the Assistants 
or Coral's in the respectiue townes where they dwell ; onely 
except Annanias Turrcner. 

Propowndcd for freemen : — Slandford; John Holly Sen^", 
Georg Slawson, John Slawson, Eliezer Slawson, John Sel- 
lick, Abram Ambler, Josh: Hoyte, Jonath: Bell, Jonas Weed, 
Richfi Ambler, John Miller, John Bates, Samuel Finch, John 
Holmes, Steuen Holmes, John Petit, Caleb Knap, John 
Weed, Wm Potter, W'" Newman, Samuel Deane. 

Greenwich ; Jonathan Reynolds, John Reynolds, Joseph 
Pherris, Joshua Knap, W'" Ratclitre, are accepted as freemen, 



{ 



COLONY OF CONNECTICUT. 119 

and Mr. Lawes is impowered to administer the oath of free- 
dom to them. 

This Court upon consideration that o"" neighbor Colonys 
of the Massachusetts & Plimouth haue opened the trade of 
selling powder & lead to the Indians, and that the Indians 
doe gayne a full supply thereof according to their needs not- 
w^'standing our lawe prohibits the same amongst the people 
of this Colony, and they thereby are depriued of the benefitt 
and gayne that might be made thereof, Doe therefore order 
that for the future (and untill the Gouerno'" or Assistants doe 
order otherwise,) there shall be one man in euery plantation 
in this Colony appoynted and approued by the respectiue 
townes to sell powder and lead to the Indians. 

This Court takeing into consideration the great abuse that 
comes by the selling of wine, liquers & cider to the Indians 
notw'iistanding all former orders and endeauoures to preuent 
the same, Doe therefore now order that if any person or per- 
sons shall be accused by any Indian or Indians for selling of 
him or them any wine, liquers, cider or any other strong drink, 
and they be fownd drunck, or the liquers fownd with them, 
and the person accused shall refuse to purg himselfe by an 
oath before some Assistant or Com"" (being called thereto,) 
that he hath neither directly nor indirectly, by himselfe or by 
any others, sold or giuen the sayd wine, cider, liquers or 
strong drinke he is charged "sv-'h to haue sold or giuen, it shall 
be in the power of the Court before wh'ome any such person 
is accused, to impose such a fine upon him as the law requires 
for such a quantity as he is charged with to haue sold or 
■giuen. 

This Court, upon the petition of Eltwood Poomery to haue 
some releife and sattisfaction for the mare the Indians killed 
of his, according to the acts of the Com^s in '59, doe see 
cause to grant to Eltwood Poomery tenn pownd out of the 
publique Treasury. 

[278] This Court orders that the land on the east side the 
great Riuer, both of Hartford, Windsor &c Weathersfeild, that 
is improued or improueable, shall be fenced according to 
lawe, any former order or grant to the contrary in any wise 



120 PUBLIC RECORDS OF THE 

notwtiistanding. This fence to be erected by the last of 
Aprill next and the equitable considerations about the carry- 
ing on and effecting the same is referred to the prudent con- 
sideration and determination of the selectmen in the seuerall 
and respective townes concerned. 

Vpon the petition presented by Mr. Whiting &c. to this 
Court for theire approbation for a distinct walkeing in Con- 
gregational Church order as hath been here setled according 
to counsell of the Elders, the Court doth recommend it to 
the Church of Hartford to take some effectuall course that 
Mr. Whiting &c. may practice the Congregationall way 
w^hout disturbance either from preaching or practice diuersly 
to their just offence, or els to grant their loveing consent to 
these bretheren to walke distinct, according to such their 
Congregationall principles, which this Court alowes liberty 
in Hartford to be done. But if both of these be refused or 
neglected by the church, then these bretheren may in any 
regular way attend to release and releiue themselues, w'^^out 
offence to the Courte. In the vote for this aboue written 
order there dissented fower Assist^ & fowerteen Deputies. 
Their dissent is on file w^h their names anexed. 

This Court haueing been informed that the people of Rye 
are yet destitute of an orthodox minister, and that they doe 
not take due care to procure such a one as might carry on the 
worke of the Lord on th« Sabboth, and instruct them in the 
wayes and will of God, but rather seem to rest sattisfyed 
without, in the improuement of John Coe & Marmaduke 
Smith, who both are represented to this Court as persons un- 
sownd and heteredox in their judgments if not scandolous in 
their Hues ; and by that improuement of them they are put in 
a capacity more to prejudice then farther the edification of 
the people there ; upon these considerations, this Court doe 
authorize and impower Mr. Nathan Gold and any three of 
the Com^s of that County, to require the afoars'^ persons, 
John Coe & Marmaduke Smith, or any others of that towne 
to appeare before them, and if upon examination things doe 
appearc to them as they are represented to this Court, they 
are desired to take effectuall course that the persons afoarsayd 



COLONY OF CONNECTICUT. 121 

may haue no oppertunety afFoarded them to sowe the seeds 
of eror among the people there ; and allso they are to informe 
the people of Rye that this Court are resolued, if the sayd 
people's prudent considerations doe not moue them to make 
such prouisions of a suitable person, sownd & orthodox in 
his principles and apt to teach, (so approued by Mr. Bishop, 
Mr. Handford, Mr. Wakeman & Mr. Eliphalet Joanes,) the 
Court will themselues procure and setle a preaching minister 
amongst them, and take sufficient order that he be mayn- 
tained by them, at their next session. 

This Court doth order that the Secretly shall draw up a 
letter to the Gen^^ Court of the Massachusetts, for substance 
wth that drawn up by Capt" Tallcott, and signe it in the 
name of this Court, and send it to them. 

This Court grants a rate of a penny upon the pownd of all 
rateable estate. 

[279] Whereas the Honcd Com" of the Colony of the 
Massachusetts, Sept'' 13, 1669, haue recommended it to this 
Court to take order that the proprietors of Narrogancett & 
Pequit Country may be admitted to a full heareinge of their 
complaynts which they haue to make against those intruders 
that interrupt them in the peaceable possession and improue- 
ment of their lands &c., This Court in persuance of what is 
recommended to them, doe nominate and authorize the 
Gouerno"" & Assises on the River, or so many of them as shall 
meete w'^ any other of the Assistants that can attend the 
meeting (which is to be) on the third Wedensday in Nouem- 
ber next, to hear all such complaynts as shall be made to 
them about any injuries they haue receiued; and what 
wroung is made sufficiently to appeare to be done to the 
complayners by any person or persons inhabiting in the Nar- 
rogancett & Pequitt Country, the sayd Committee are im- 
powered to order that sattisfaction for the wronges they haue 
done be demanded, and in case it be refused to be made, the 
sayd Committee are desired and impowered to make relation 
of the s'^ wrounges done, of the sattisfaction that hath been 
demanded and denyed, to the Honord Gen^i Courts of the 
Massachusetts &; Plimoth, and to request their advice and 
11 



122 



PUBLIC RECORDS OF THE 



assistance in the case. The Secret''y is ordered, when he is 
certifyed of the names of the persons that are to be com- 
plained against, that he doe certify them of the same.* 

This Court doe nominate and appoynt Mr. Sam^i Willys 
and Capti John Tallcott to attend at Boston to meet w^'' the 
Comrs (or those appoynted of the other Colonyes,) in May 
next, and they are hereby inuested with full power & authority 
to treate of and conclude the establishment of the Artickells 
of Confederation with Three Colonyes, as formerly it was 
with Fower. They are farther by this Court impowered to 
treat & consider of what may be requisit to be altered in or 
aded to the sayd Artickells, and so to ripen the matter that 
such Artickells may be agreed upon and drawen up as may 
be judged meet to be established & confirmed by this Gener- 
all Court. And in case any of the former Gent" should be 
disinabled to attend this afoars"! seruice, Mr. James Richards 
is appoynted and impowered to supply his place. 

This Court doth appoynt the 2^ Tewsday in Nouember 
next to be kept solemly throughout this Colony, a publique 
day of Thanksgiueing, to render C due acknowledgments of 
thankes and prayse to God for his many mercyes to us the 
yeare past, in spareing so much of o"" comforts both of the 
fruites of the feilds and of the trees as we enjoy; and allso 
for that health that hath been continued in seuerall planta- 
tions, and that healing of the deaseases that haue been 
afToarded to many amongst us ; and for that measure of peace 
that is yet continued in o"" societies. 

Mr. Henry Woolcott, in absence of Mr. John Allyn, and 
Mr. James Bishop, Mr. Rob^ Chapman & Mr. Joseph Hawly 
are appoynted to audite the Treasurer's acco'-', both of this 
yeare and last. 

This Court doe order that Mr. Tho: Fayrechild, Mr. Rob* 
Chapman, Capt" John Nash, L^t James Auery, Mr. Richard 

•Notice of this appoinlinent by the General Assembly, of a lime and place of lieaiing com- 
plaints, &.C., was given to the people of Misquainicut ; hut they did not appear at the November 
Court. Complaints were presented by the people of Stonington ; but the Court reserved judg- 
ment until the following Spring, to give an opportunity to the defendants to be lieani, or to come 
to an amicable agreement with tlie parties wnmged. [Letter from Gov. & Council to John 
Crandall & others, Nov. 18th, 1CG9, in Col. Boundaries, L 42.] 



COLONY OF CONNECTICUT. 123 

Lawes and Mr. W™ Hill, shall be nominated for election in 
May next. 

This Court orders that the customes for wine & liqi's for 
the future shall be and remayne to the use of that County in 
which those goods are landed and the customes taken in. 

This Court grants Corp'i John Gilbert the sume of Two 
Hundred Acres of land, whereof twenty acres may be mead- 
ow, prouided that he doe not take it up to the prejudice of 
any former grant or plantation. 

This Court grants Daniel Porter, One Hundred Acres of 
land, prouided he take it up where it doe not prejudice any 
former grant or plantation.* 

[280] This Court grants Mr. Samuel Tallcott, Two Hundred 
Acres of land, prouided he take it up where it doe not preju- 
dice any former grant. 

This Court grants Mr. W™ Wadsworth, Three Hundred 
Acres of land prouided he take it up where it doe not preju- 
dice any former grant. 

This Court grants Mr. Henry Woolcott Three Hundred 
Acres of land, prouided he take it up where it doe not preju- 
dice any former grant.f 

This Court grants Mr. James Bishop Three Hundred Acres 
of land, prouided he take it up where it doe not prejudice 
any former grant. 

This Court, considering that upon the desires of diuers of 
the inhabitants of the towne of Stratford to haue a diuision 
of their lands belonging to the Ministry, that so two ministers 
might be accomadated, and this Court ordering it so to be 
done, and for the afoars<^ end was done, viz: that both parties 
might enjoy their minister ; as allso this land being receiued 
upon this acco' by Mr. Chancy & Mr. Walker; this Court 

• This grant was taken up near the N. W. coiner of Wallingford ; but the tract afterwards 
being found to fall within Wallingford bounds, the Gen. Assembly in 1728, granted to the grand- 
sons of Daniel Porter (Daniel V. of Waterbury and Hezekiah, of Woodbury,) 100 acres west of 
Housatonic River, as an equivalent. [T. & Lands, V. 10] 

t October. 1717, upon the petition of Alathew AUyn, and Roger Wolcott, solicitor to Josias 
Wolcott, the General Assembly ordered the surveyor of the county of Hartford to lay out this 
grant of 300 acres, to Josias Wolcott, Mathew Allyn, John, Charles and Samuel Wolcott, heirs 
of the original grantee. [Towns & Lands, Vol. lU. Docs. 114, 115.] 



124 PUBLIC RECORDS OF THE 

doth therefore recommend it to the church of Stratford that 
Mr. Walker haue liberty the one parte of the Sabboth, whether 
parte Mr. Chancy will, and that they would hold comunion 
together in preaching & prayer. But in case Mr. Chansey 
and the Bretheren w^h him will not agree to that, it shall not 
be offensiue to this Court if Mr. Walker and his Company 
doe meet distinctly els where; prouided each of them prouide 
v/ell for the comfortable supply of ther ministers. 

This Court grants that Tenn pownds be paid out of the 
publique Treasury towards the charge expended by the 
townsmen of Hartford on Thomas Harriss, and the rest of 
the charge the sayd towne of Hartford are to see it discharged. 

This Court grants Mrs. Hamlin that the custome of a hogs- 
head of liq" be abated her. 

This Court grants Mr. Willerd a Hundred Acres of land, 
prouided he take it up where it doe not prejudice any former 
grant. 

Whereas it is found by experience that seuerall of y^ Dep- 
uties, members of this Court, doe in a disorderly maner de- 
part w^hout leaue from the Court, whereby the occasions of 
the Country are prejudiced, for the preuention whereof. It is 
ordered that if any person or persons whoe is a member of this 
Court shall totally departe w^i^out leaue, before the Court be 
issued, he or they shall forfeit that alowancethat the Country 
alowes him for the defraying of his charge of attendance on 
the Court. 

This Court findeing to their great greife that the differences 
& dissentions at Windsor doe after many meanes of healing 
yet continue, and no appearance of a mutuall complyance as 
yet presented in their last returne to what the Court recom- 
mended, therefore they see not cause to deny liberty to those 
dissentors to meet distinctly for the present, and orderly and 
regulerly to imbody themselues in church state, according to 
law, when they shall seek it. 

This Court being desircous that all o"! people together w^h 
ourselues may be made more deeply & Christianly sencible 
of the Lord's holy hand still stretched forth against us, upon 
or bodyes in strange sicknesses, in seuerall plantations, by 



COLONY OF CONNECTICUT. 125 

blasting of o^ crops, & by letting out much of the euill spirit 
of diuission in sundry places amongst us, doe order that the 
first fowerth-day in December next be obserued a solemne 
day of Fasting & Prayer in all o"" plantations, to humble o^ 
soules before the Lord whoe hath done all these things justly 
unto us, that he will shew us why he so contendeth with us, 
[281] and bring us to a thorow repentance for || the same, 
and returne in mercy to us, healeing o"" sickneses, blessing o^ 
fruits & laboures, reconcileing o"" differences, and breathing 
out a spirit of conuersion abundantly amongst us ; and that 
we may recouer our first loue and doe o"" first workes ; and 
that he would shine upon us in the face of Jesus Christ, and 
on the riseing generation that are to succeed us.* 

The Court is adjourned till the Gouerno"" see cause to calJ 
it agayne. 



* At a meeting of the Governor and Assistants, March 9th, 1669-70, the following order 
was made, for another day of fasting and prayer : — 

" Forasmuch as it is too manefest that notwithstanding all our former humiliations and fast- 
ing, the Lord's holy hand is still lifted up against us, as may evidently appeare by the continua- 
tions of blasting and cattmillows, and former diuisions now at last heightned to much to be la- 
mented seperation in some places amongst us, the Gouernor and Assistants doe order and ap- 
point that the first Wednesday in Aprill next be obserued and kept a day of publique and solemn 
humiliation throwout this Colony, to humble Or souls before God who hath been rightous and 
holy in bringing all these things upon us ; and to implore the Lord to returne to us in mercy 
and loveing kindness, sheweing us what is the cause he so contendeth with us ; and that he 
would enable us truely to repent for the same, to walk more holy and humbly before him, and 
jnore fruitfully under the means of grace we enjoy, that God may be gloryfied by us, liis pres- 
ence abide with us and his blessing may be powered forth upon us and ours, that they may be 
throwly perswaded to know, feare and serve the God of their Fathers with a willing heart and 
ready mind ; and that health maybe continued in our habitations, and wee may be blessed with 
a seasonable seed time, and haue reserued for us the appoynted weakes of haruest ; and that 
€od would bless our Souereigne Lord the King, in granting and establishing peace and truth 
throwout his Dominions." [Rec. of Co. of Assistants, 1669-1701 ; p. 5.] 



[End of Volume II. of the Original Records.] 



IV 



126 PUBLIC RECORDS OF THE 

[volume III.] 

[1] A Court of Election held at Hartford, May 12th, 

1670. 

Tliese were iiominated for election: — ^John Winthrop Esq"", 
Wm. Leet Esqr, Major John Mason Esq^, Mr. Samuel Wil- 
lys, Capt" Nathan Gold, Capt" John Tallcott, Mr. Henry 
Woolcott, Mr. John Allyn, Mr. Wm. Joanes, Mr. Benj: Fenn, 
Mr. Alex: Bryant, Mr. James Richards, Mr. James Bishop, 
Mr. Antho: Howkins, Mr. Thomas Fayrechild, Mr. Eobt 
Chapman, Capt'i John Nash, L"* James Avery, Mr. Richard 
Lawes, Mr. Wm. Hill. 

These ivere elected : 

John Winthrop Esq^, Gouerno''. sworne. 
Wm. Leet Esq"", Dep* Gouern''. sworne. 
Assistants. 
Major John Mason, absent. ]VIr. Wm. Joanes, s. 
Mr. Samuel Willys, sivorne. Mr. Benj: Fenn, s. 
Captn Nathan Gold, s. Mr. Alex: Bryant, absent. 

Capt^ John Tallcott, s. Mr. James Richards, s. 

Mr. Henry Woolcott, s. Mr. James Bishop, s. 

Mr. John Allyn, s. Mr. Anth: Howkins, 5. 

Capt" John Tallcott, Treasurer. 
Mr. John Allyn, Secretary. 

The freemen left it with the Court to chuse Coinissioners 
for the Vnited Colonyes. 

The Deputies of the Court are these underwritten : 

Mr. Wm. Wadsworth, Mr. Rich: Lord ; for Hartford. 

Lnt Thom: Munson, Mr. John Moss ; for New Haven. 

Ens: Nath: White, Mr. Wm. Cheeny ; for Midleton. 

Joshua Holcombe, John Case ; for Simbury. 

John Scranton, John Graves ; for Guilford. 

Tho: Tracy, absent ; Tho: LefRngwell ; for Norwidge. 

Mr. Edward Griswould, Henry Farnum ; for Kenilworth. 

L"* Jonath: Sillick, John Green ; for Standford. 

Capt" Ben: Nubery, Deacon John Moor ; for Windsor. 



COLONY OF CONNECTICUT. 



127 



Ens: Sam: Steele, Sergt John Standly ; for Farmington. 

Lnt Wm. Fowler, Mr. Tho: Wheeler ; for Milford. 

Mr. James Morgan, Mr. Gary Latham ; for N: London. 

Mr, Rob' Chapman, Wm. Bushnel; for Saybrook. 

Tho: Blachly, Micha: Tainter, absent ; for Brandford. 

Joseph Mead, Wm. RatclifF; for Greenwich. 

Mr. Samii Tallcott, Sarjt John Nott; for Wetherfield. 

Mr. Jehu Burr, Mr. John Burr ; for Fayrefeild. 

Georg Gates, Peter Blachford ; for Haddam. 

Mr. Tho: Benedict, Walter Hoyte; for Norwalk. 

Mr. Tho: Stanton, Mr. Sam: Cheesbrook; for Stonington. 

Lnt Wm. Curtice, Mr. Jos: Hawley ; for Stratford. 

Mr. John Banks, Peter Disbroe ; for Rye. 

This Court haueing been moved to state the bownds of the 
New Village that is settled upon the playne as you goe to 
New Haven, doe grant that their bownds shall com from the 
Brook at the sowth end of the great playne, to the northward 
tenn miles, and from the said [Brook] sowthward to Brand- 
ford bownds, and on each side the riuer fiue miles ; that is 
fiue miles on the east side and fiue miles on the west side the 
River, prouided that the sayd village be carryed on and made 
a plantation w^^out any relation or subordination to any 
other towne, and provided the bownds hereby granted to the 
sayd village doe not prejudice any bownds formerly granted 
to any plantation or perticuler person, or doe not extend to 
the north any further then wh[ere] the old road to New 
Hauen goeth ouer Pilgrimes Harbour. 

The Court orders that the plantation on the playne in the 
Road to New Haven, be called Wallingford. 

This Court grants Massacoe's bownds shall runn from 
Farmington bownds to the northward tenn miles, and from 
Windsor bownds on the east to run westward tenn mUes, 
prouided it doe not prejudice any former grant and be in the 
power of this Court so to dispose. 

This Court orders that the plantation at Massacoe be called 
Simmsbury. 

[2] These propownded for freemen ; John Tompson, of 
Farmington; Mr. Ben: Blackman, of Stratford; oi Milford, 
John Vffitt, Joseph Northrup ; of Guilford, Mr. Andrew Leet, 



128 



PUBLIC RECORDS OP THE 



John Hall, Isack Crittington, John Euitts; Windsor, Dan: 
Birge; of Kenilworth, Wm. Palmer, Nath: Hayden, John 
Netleton ; of Standford, Wm. Newman, Sam'i Deen, Rich^ 
Scoefeild, Edmun Lockwood, John Silleck, Caleb Napp, 
Cornelius Joanes Sen"", Henry Smith, Steuen Clawson, John 
Jagger, John Holmes, Daniel Westgatt, Jonas Weed, Thomas 
Lawrence ; of Ri/, Joseph Horten, George SnufFene, Hacka- 
lyah Browne, Jonath: Fowles ; of Fai/refeild, Rich<i Osborn, 
Isack HaU, Isack Wheeler, SamU TredweD, Sam" Hall, Jo- 
seph Whelpley, Sam^l Smith. 

This Court doth hereby impower the Court at New Lon- 
don to examine the matter concerning Mr. Hill's Spanyard, 
and if it doth appeare that he the sayd Spaniard was legally 
purchassed, then the sayd Court of New London are to order 
him his freedome and to empower some person to take order 
for his transportation home, provided what is reasonable for 
his time out of the publique Treasury be ordered to Mr. Hills. 

This Court grants Tho: Dunck thirty shillings out of the 
publique Treasury, in leiu of what he payd for country charge 
when he was Constable. 

This Court grants Capt^ Nathan Gold, Mr. Jehu and Mr. 
John Burr liberty to purchase Weantenock* and the lands 
adjacent, of the Indians, to make a plantation if it be capea- 
ble for such a thing ; and Mr. Gold, Mr. Jehu Burr, Mr. Hill, 
Mr. Tho: Fayrechild and Mr. Tho: Fitch are by this Court 
appoynted a Committee for the well ordering of the planting 
of the same, and allso to entertein inhabitants. And it is by 
this Court declared that any of the honest inhabitants of this 
Colony that are in want of land may have liberty to be en- 
terteined there till the place is filled ; provided if the place be 
not planted in fower yeares it shall return to the Court's dis- 
pose againe. 

Whereas seuerall inhabitants of Stratford haue, Octob^, 
'67, had liberty to purchase Potatuckf for a village or towne, 

• Weantenock, (variously written, Wyantenuck, Wianianock, Weantenauge, &c.) was the 
name given to an extensive tract, — of whicli the boundaries do not appear to have been very 
exactly defined, — lying on both sides the Ilousatonuc River, and comprising the present township 
of JVeja MUfortl, togctlier witli a part of the adjoining townships on the south and west. 

t See page 75, ante. 



COLONY OF CONNECTICUT. 129 

the afoarsayd Committee w^^' Mr. Sherman of Stratford are 
hereby impowered to order the planting of the same, if it be 
judged fitt to make a plantation ; prouided if they doe not 
setle a plantation there within fower yeares it shall returne to 
the Courte's dispose agayne. 

In answer to the petition of Hanna Huitt of Stonington, 
she haueing declared that she hath not heard from her late 
husband Thomas Huitt for the space of eight yeares and bet- 
ter, and the neighbours allso testifying that the sayd Huit 
hath so long been absent and that they have not heard of 
him or of the vessell or company he went with since their 
departure. The Court haueing considered the premises, de- 
clare that she the sayd Hanna Huitt is at liberty to marry if 
shee see cause. 

This Court in the absence of the Gouerno'" and Deputy 
Gouerno'" doe nominate and appoynt Mr. Sam^' Willys to 
be Moderator, to order the management of afFayres in the 
Generall Court. 

Whereas this Court hath ordered that tenn shillings shall 
be payd for euery petition that is read in Court, the Court 
now orders that the Secretly shall see that the tenn shillings 
be payd before it be read, and for his paynes therein he is 
alowed the one halfe. 

Vpon the petition of Capt" Denison & Mr. Richardson, in 
behalfe of the towne of Stonington, that this Court would 
remitt unto the towne the three pownds they were ordered 
to pay to the Marshall for his charge in goeing to Stoning- 
ton, as appeares by the order of the Court, May last. This 
Court haueing considered the sayd petition, remitt to the 
sayd towne thirty shillings of the sayd three pownds ordered 
as afoarsayd. Capt" Tallcott engages to pay tenn shillings 
for this petition upon the Country acco*. 

Whereas sundry inhabitants both of Windsor, Hartford 
and Wethersfeild, haue moved this Court to repeale a former 
order of Court made October last, requireing fence to be made 
for the land on the east side of Conecticutt Riuer,* the Court 

* At a County Court holden at Hartford, Mar. 3d, 11569-70 : " Whereas severall inhabitants of 
Windsor and Hartford haue petitioned this Court that they might (at least for the present) be 



130 



PUBLIC RECORDS OF THE 



haueing heard what they haue to alledg with the orders of 
this Court and of the respectiue towiies which anywayes 
coneerne their pleas, and the testimonies referring thereto, 
doe declare that they see no cause to free those lands from 
fence; yet notwithstanding, the foresayd petitioners haueing 
[3] pr[esen]ted seuerall || prouidences that haue fallen in and 
preuented them from doeing their fence according to the 
former order of this Court, the Court haueing considered 
the same doe giue liberty of a longer time for the erecting 
that fence on the east side of the River, prouided it be set up 
between this and the first of December next. Yet if there be 
any perticuler place or places that being fenced may proba- 
bly secure the lands adjacent and preuent damadge, this 
Court orders that such places which the major part of the 
selectmen of each towne shall judg necessary at present, shall 
be errected within fowerteen dayes, by those whose portion 
it is, or elce it shall be errected by those who suffer by such 
neglects, and such whose portion it is shall pay for it. 

This Court grants Edward Pattesun sixty acres of land 
where he can finde it, prouided he doe not take it up in any 
place where it may prejudice any former grant to any plan- 
tation or perticuler person. 

This Court grants unto Mr. Cary Latham (for his encour- 
agement) for what he hath done for ferriage of magistrates 
and deputies, and others imployed upon country occasions, 
Fower Pownds. 

These Commissioners were chosen for this year ensueing: 
Capfn Ben: Nubery, for Windsor Sf Simsbury ; Mr. Sam'^ 
Wells & Mr. Sam'i Tallcot, for Wethersfeild ; Mr. Giles 

eased or freed from fenceing their lands on the east side the great River, alledi,'in;; that by reason 
of the late soleinne afflicting hand of God upon them in the blasting the come the harvest past, 
they are disinabled so that they cannot procure the selting up of the fence according to the 
former order of the Gencrall (Jourt, October last, or pay f >r the same, as all!:o the winter, for the 
latter part of it. euer since they haue had the order of the Generall Court published, hath been 
BO unseasonable that tliey haue not been in a capacity to imploy theuiselues in getting fence; 
The Court haueing considered there petition, doe return, that they haue not the power to alter 
the order of the Generall Court, but shall be ready to commend the consideration of their peti- 
tion to the Generall Court in May next, and in the mean time doc advice all persons concerned 
in those lands to labour bo to manage their aflfayres that they may not damnify one another." 
[Co. Court Eec. III. 97, 98.J 



COLONY OF CONNECTICUT. 131 

Hamlin & Ens: Nath: White, iox Midleton ; Mr. Robt Chap- 
man & Lnt Wm. Pratt, for Saybrook Sf Lime ; Mr. Math: 
Griswould, for Liine ; Mr. Witherly & L"' Axxexy , iot New 
London; for Stonin^ton^Mx.'Vho: Stanton & Thomas Minor; 
for Kenilworth, Mr. Edward Griswould ; for Brandford, Mr. 
John Willford; for New Haven^ Mr. Gilbert and Capt" John 
Nash; for Milford, Mr. John Clarke; for Stratford, Mr. Tho: 
Fayrechild ; for Fai/refeild, Mr. Jehu Burr & Mr. Wm. Hill; 
for Norwalke, Mr. Tho: Fitch & L^ Olmstead; for Stand- 
ford, Greenwich Sf' Rye, Mr. Lawes. 

The Court by their vote agreed to issue that Question 
whether they would haue the election to be managed by 
proxies. 

This Court being sencible of the great charge, difficulty 
and expence of time the freemen of this colony are at by rea- 
son of their great numbers and remoatness from Hartford, 
the place of election, and considering the many inconvenien- 
ces that otherwayes may arise upon the yearly day of elec- 
tion, and that the worke of that day may be the more orderly, 
easily and speedily issued, — It is ordered by this Court and 
the Authority thereof, that henceforth all the freemen of this 
Jurisdiction, w'^iout any other summons, from yeare to yeare, 
shall or may upon the second Thursday in May yearly, either 
in person or in proxie, at Hartford attend and consumate the 
election of Gouernour, Deputy Gouernour and Assist^, and 
such other publique officers as his Ma'''-' hath appoynted by 
o"" Charter then to be yearly chosen. 

From Lyme, Mr. Moses Noyse, Mr. John Lay Sen"" and 
John Lay Jun"", Henry Champion and Tho: Lea are accepted 
for freemen. 

Propownded for freemen from New Hauen ; John Thomp- 
son Sen"", Ben: Bunnell, Sam" Thorpe, John Ponderson, 
Sam'i Andrews, Eliakim Hitchcock, John Hitchcock, Nath: 
Hitchcock, Daniel Thomas, Sam" Hodgskin, John Payne, 
John Morrice, Sam" Lines, Sam" Todd, John Todd. 

This Court impowers Mr. Allyn or Mr. Richards to ad- 
minister the oath of an Assist to the Major. 

This Court impowers Mr. Leet to administer the oath of 



132 PUBLIC RECORDS OF THE 

an Assist to Mr. Joanes, and Mr. Fenn to administer the 
oath of an Assistant to Mr. Bryant. 

This Court appoynts Mr. John Holly Sen"-, of Standford, 
to be Com^ w'^ Mr. Law, for Standford. Greenwich & Rye; 
Mr. Gold to administer the oath of a Com^ to him, after he 
hath taken the oath of a freeman. 

This Court accepts those who were presented to stand 
upon tryall for freemen, October last, and order the Assist- 
ants or Ccmrs in the respectiue townes to administer the 
freemen's oath to them. 

This Court referrs the tryall of the prisoners now in du- 
rance, to the Coiirt of Assistants, and impower them fully to 
heare and determine the same, in as ample a mailer as if the 
General Court themselues did issue.* 

The Honor d Mr. Willys and Capt" John Tallcott were 
chosen Comissioners for the year ensueing, and Mr. James 
Richards for a reserue. 

Mr. Sara" Mason was confirmed by this Court for a Leif- 
tenant of the Traine Band of Stonington. 

Mr. Sam" Wells was by this Court confirmed Capt" of the 
Traine Band of Wethersfeild. 

Propownded for freemen of Greenwich, Jonathan Lock- 
wood, John Mead, John Holly, Moses Knap; of Wethers- 
feild, Isack Stiles, John Stadder, Sigesmun Richells and 
Thomas Loueman ; of Hartford, Roger [Ma] son, and Jacob 
Mygatt. 

[4j Whereas Mr. Samuell Tallcott complaynes that the pro- 
prietors of the lands on the east side the great Riuer at Na- 
buck haue not their bownds of their land exactly stated, this 

• The " prisoners in durance" (as appears by the record of " a Court of Assistants by speciall 
Order from the Generall Court, May 20, 1G70, held at Hartford,") were Thomas Welch, Duke 
Potter and Katharine Harrison. Welch and Potter liad been indicted for " immoderate correct- 
ing" and cruel treatment of a negro belonging to Welch, so as to cause his death. The Court 
sentenced Potter to be severely whipped, and fined the owner of the negro £10, for "commit- 
ting of power to Duke Potter to correct him, and not seeing it moderately attended." 

The third prisoner, Katharine Harrison, of Wcthersfield. had been indicted, tried by a jury, at 
the May Court of Assistants, and found guilty of witrkcraft. The Special Court " haucing con- 
sidered the verdict of the Jury respecting Kathern Harrison, cannot concur with them so as to 
sentence her to death or to a longer continuance in re.straynt, but do dismiss her from her im- 
prisonment, she payeing her just fees; willing her to minde the fullfilment of remoueing from 
Weathersfeild, which is that will tend most to her owne safety Sc the contentment of the people 
who arc her noighboura." [Rec. Co. of Assist'ts, p. 7.] 



COLONY OF CONNECTICUT. 133 

Court doth recommend it to the proprietors of those lands, 
and order them to meet together there upon the first Thurs- 
day in October next, and consider what is right and just 
amongst them, and state and setle their bownds between 
them and set down their meer stones. 

This Court grants Thom: Blachly, sixty acres of land 
where he can find it, prouided he take it not up where it may 
prejudice any former grant to any perticuler person or planta- 
tion. 

This Court grants Mr. Benjamen Fenn, two hundred and 
fifty acres of land, whereof there may be thirty of mead: if it 
be to be had, upon the same tearmes w'h Thomas Blachly. 

This Court grants Sarg' John Nott, fifty acres of land, 
upon the same tearmes with Thomas Blachly. 

This Court being sencible of the great abuse that comes 
by that liberty that hath beene granted for selling of cider by 
retaile,doe repeale that order that grants liberty as afoarsayd, 
and doe order that if any person or persons for the future 
shall retaile cider without a perticuler lycense for the same, 
shall forfeit fine shillings for euery quart so sold. 

This Court orders that the selectmen in the respectiue 
plantations on the Riuer shall lay out a highway six rod 
wide upon the upland on the east side the great Riuer, that 
men may pass to their lotts there as occasion shall require ; 
and they may order the fence to be sett up in the place where 
they shall order the highway to be sett out. And this Court 
grants the seuerall plantations that their bownds shall extend 
to the eastward twenty rod farther then their three miles for- 
merly granted, in consideration thereof. 

That the election by proxies may be so managed that there 
be no fraud or deceipt used therein, this Court orders that 
the Secretary for the time being shall, with the orders of Oc- 
tober Court, yearly, send a coppy of the names of all those 
whoe by the sayd Generall Court in October shall be ap- 
poynted to stand in nomination for election the May followe- 
ing, which the Constable of each Towne shall publish to the 
freemen. And all the s^ freemen in the respectiue townes 
shall be warned by the Constable or one deputed by him, to 
12 



134 PUBLIC RECORDS OF THE 

meet where he shall appoynt, upon the last Tewsdayin April] 
annually, "v\^here they shall haue read to them the freemen's 
oath and the law which puts a penalty upon disorderly vote- 
ing, w^^ the names of those appoynted to stand for nomina- 
tion, out of which number the freemen may bring in to the 
sayd Constable the name of him whoe they would haue for 
Gouernor for the yeare ensueing, fayrely written upon a peice 
of paper, which the sayd Constable with the Coma's of the 
towne or one of the deputies shall receiue and, in the pres- 
ence of the freemen, put them up in a piece of paper and 
seale them up and write upon the outside of the paper the 
name of the towne and these wordes, The votes for the Gou- 
ernor. In like mailer they shall bring in their votes for the 
Deputy Governor, Treasurer and Secretary ; and they shall 
be sealed up in the p^sence of the freemen and writt upon 
what they are as afoarsayd ; and then they shall bring in 
their perticuler votes for euery person that is nominated for 
election, which votes shall be a paper with some writeing for 
election, and a white paper for a blanck ; and they shall be- 
gin with he that first stands in nomination, and bring in their 
votes for him, which shall be receiued, sealed up and writt 
upon as afoarsayd ; and so they shall proceed for euery per- 
son, till they haue past throw the whole nomination. And 
the sayd Constable or Deputy of the Court that receiues the 
votes sealed up as afoarsayd shall bring them up to Hartford 
and deliuer them at the election, as they shall be appoynted, 
to them that shall be ordered to take and sorte the votes upon 
their oath ; and at the time of election those that stand for 
nomination shall be put to election in the same order that 
they are propownded, untill the number required by Charter 
are elected, and then they shall cease. And the Constable or 
Deputy that brings up the votes shall bring therewith the 
names of all those that haue put in their votes fairely written 
upon a peice of paper and sealed up with the proxies. 
[5] This Court nominates and appoyntes the Deputy Gou- 
erno"", W'" Leete Esq"", Mr. John Allyii, Mr. James Richards, 
Capt" John Winthrop, and Capt" Bonj: Newbery, or any 
three of them, to be a committee to meet at New London on 



COLONY OF CONNECTICUT. 135 

the second Tewsday in June next, then to treat with those 
Gent" that shall be appoynted, sent and impowered by the 
Colony of Rhode Island about the Charter bownds between 
these Colonyes, and concerning any wrongs that the people 
of this Colony haue receiued from the people of that colony; 
and they are inuested with full power and authority not onely 
to treat but conclude the differences forementioned accord- 
ing as they shall see just cause. 

In case the gouernment of Rhode Island shall neglect or 
refuse to joyne w'^ us in the treaty forementioned to effect 
and sattisfaction, then the sayd Committee are inuested with 
full power and authority to reduce those people of Squama- 
cuk & Narrogancett to the obedience of this gouernment, and 
to grant liberty to the greiued parties by a process in law to 
prosecute those that have injured them, and to command 
those people of Squamacuck to appeare before them and 
make answer to those complaints that are made against them, 
at a court to be holden in the Pequitt or Narrogancett Coun- 
try, the first oppertunety after the time of the foresayd treaty is 
expired. And those afoarsayd Gent'i are hereby authorized 
to appoynt a time and place for a court, and accordingly to 
keep the sayd Court, and to hear and issue according to jus- 
tice all such actions and complaints as shall be brought be- 
fore them. And allso, they are hereby impowered to consti- 
tute and appoynt such necessary officers in those places as 
shall be requisitt for the peaceable goverment of those 
people. 

This Court orders that the letters read in Court to the 
Gouerno'' &c. of Rhod Island,* and that to seuerall Gent° in 
the Bay,f be signed by the Secrefi^y in the name of the 
Court, and sent as directed. 

This Court is adjourned till the Gouerno"" or Dep^ Gou- 
erno"" shall see cause to call them together agayne. 

* See Appendix VI. (13.) f See Appendii VIII. (2.) 



136 PUBLIC RECORDS OF THE 

A Generall Court holden at Hartford, October 13^'', 

1670. 
Assistants. 
Wm. Leet Esq'", Deft: GouERNf, Mr. Wm. Joanes, 
Mr. Sam'i Willys, Mr. James Richards, 

Capt. John Tallcott, Mr. Benj: Fenn, 

Mr. Henry Woolcott, Mr. James Bishop, 

Mr. John Allyn, Secrefy. Mr. Antho: Howkins. 

Deputies. 
For Hartford ; Mr. Wm. Wadsworth, Mr. Richd Lord. 
For Windsor; Capt" Benj: Newbery, Deacon John Moore. 
For Wethersfeild; Mr. Samii Tallcott, Sargt John Nott. 
For Farmington; Deacon Tho: Judd, Ens: Sam^ Steele. 
For Midleton ; Mr. Giles Hamlin, Ens: Nath: White. 
For Haddum ; Mr. James Bates, Georg Gates. 
For Simsbury ; John Griffin, Michael Humphrey. 
For New Hauen ; L^t Tho: Munson, Mr. John Mosse. 
For Guilford ; Deacon John Fowler, Wm. Johnson. 
For Milford ; Tho: Wheeler, Nicho: Camp. 
For Brandford ; Tho: Blachly. 

For New London ; Mr. Dan" Witherly abs., Mr. John Prentice. 
For Saybrook; Mr. Rob' Chapman, L"t Wm. Pratt. 
For Stonington ; Mr. Tho: Stanton, Mr. Tho: Minor. 
For Norwich ; Tho: Leffingwell, Tho: Tracy. 
For Kenilworth ; Mr. Edward Griswould, Henry Farnum. 
For Lime ; Reinold Maruin. 
For Fayrefeild ; Mr. Jehu Burr, Mr. John Burr. 
For Stratford; L"' Wm. Curtice, Mr. Jos: Hawley. 
For Norwalke; John Gregory Sen^, Dan" Kellog. 
For Standford ; Mr. John Holly, Mr. Jonath: Bell. 
For Rye ; Timothy Knap. 

This Court appoynts Capt" Nathan Gold, Mr. Benjamin 
Fenn, Mr, Alexander Bryant, Mr. Sam" Sherman, Mr. Jehu 
Burr and Mr. Jos: Hawly, a committee in behalfe of this 
Court to agree w"' some meet person to keep the Ferry be- 
tween Stratford and Milford upon as good tearmes as they 
can for the country and prouided that they doc not let it out 
for aboue twenty-one years. 



COLONY OF CONNECTICUT. 



137 



[6] 


The list of Estates are 










Persons & estates. 




Persons & estates 






£ 


s. 




£ 


s. 




Hartford, 


17028: 


05: 


Standford, 


05210: 


17: 





Windsor, 


13545: 


00: 


Rye, 


01950: 


12: 





Stonington, 


04435: 


00: 


Haddam, 


01862: 


07: 





Stratford, 


08558: 


05: 


Fayrefeild, 


10201: 


03: 





Norwich, 


03832: 


07: 


Norwalk, 


04973: 


15: 





Saybrook, 


04873: 


05: 


Farmington, 


06463: 


00: 





Milford, 


09994: 


15: 


Midleton, 


03915: 


00: 





Kennilworth, 


02241: 


09: 


Brandford, • 


02362: 


00: 





Guilford, 


06276: 


11: 


New Haven, 


16140: 


10: 





Wethersfeild, 


11510: 


00: 


Greenwich, 


01897: 


05: 





New London, 


08506: 


15: 











This Court doth nominate Mr. Wadsworth, Ens: Steele, 
Lnt Munson, John Fowler, Mr. Jehu Burr, Mr. Holly, L"* 
Pratt and John Prentice, a committee whoe are desired to 
take into their consideration the land belonging to the seuerall 
plantations, and consider and set such an apprizement upon 
the land as may as near as may be just and equal, and present 
it to the Court. 

Guilford townesmen certifyed that they had one bamll of 
powder and forty-eight pownd, and 231 pownds of lead ; cer- 
tifyed by a writeing dated Octob: 11, '70. 

Milford certifyed under their Townesmen's hands that their 
ammunition was sufficient according to lawe. 

Windsor recorder certifyed that they had SOO^^s of powder 
and 700ibs of lead for their towne stock. 

The Secret'"y and Mr. James Richards haueing returned to 
this Court that according to their commission from this Court, 
May last, they have attended at New London, and there mett 
with the Gent" of Rhode Island, and treated with them so 
long as they pleased to treat ;* but the sayd treaty produce- 
ing no good setlement, they did proceed and according to 
their commission repayered to Wickford and the people on 
the east side Pawcatuck Riuer, and there read the Charter 



* See abstract of correspondence between the commissioners of the two Colonies, in Appen- 
dix X. 

12* 



138 PUBLIC RECORDS OF THE 

granted by his Ma^'^ to this Colony, and in the name of this 
Court and by their order required their obedience to this 
Gouerment; and setled a constable, and appoynted Mr. Tho: 
Stanton, Thomas IVIinorand Tobias Sanders, Comrs,inuested 
with magistraticall power within the limits formerly granted 
to Stonington, on the east side Pawcatuck Riuer ; they did 
allso at Wickford appoynt Capt^ Wm. Hudson, Capt" Ed- 
ward Hutchinson, Mr. Tho: Gold and ]\Ir. John Cole, Com^s 
for the towne of Wickford, inuested with magestraticall 
power there, and Sam^i Eldred and Henry Tippett, Consta- 
bles ; they allso acquainted the Court with those interuptions 
they mett Math from some of the people of Rhode Island in 
the management of those affayres, and what they did farther 
in prosecution of those matters, which is too long here to in- 
[7] serf.* The Court haueing considered of || the same doe 
approue of what they haue done, and returne the sayd Mr. 
James Richards, Capt^ John Winthrop and the Secretary, 
thankes for their paynes and trauell in this affayre ; and doe 
now confirm the Com^^ of Stonington with Toby Sanders to 
be Commissioners for and within the bownds formerly granted 
to Stonington on the east side of Pawcatuck Riuer, and allso, 
Capfn Edward Hutchinson, Capt" Wm. Hudson, Mr. Tho: 
Gold and Mr. John Cole, Commissioners for the towne of 
Wickford, and Sam^i Eldrige and Henry Tippitt, Constables 
for the sayd Wickford, to continue in their respectivie places 
till this Court order otherwise ; and doe appoynt the people 
of the east side of Pawcatuck and those of Wickford to re- 
payre for justice, as their occasions call for, to the County 
Court at New London, and the sayd Commissioners shall 
direct theire summons and other processe in all actions and 
other causes whatsoeuer for try all in the sayd County Court 
of New London, according to lawe. 

Whereas the Deputy of New London hath moved this 
Court to setle the bownds between the towne of New Lon- 
don & Lyme, the Court rcferrs tlie heareing and issue of the 
matter to the next session of this Court in May, and the per- 

* See an abstract of the proceedings of these commissioners, in Appendix X. 



1 



COLONY OF CONNECTICUT. 139 

sons concerned are hereby ordered to appeare and declare 
what they haue to say in the case, the time afoarsayd. 

A certificate from Brandford was exhibited wherein it was 
certifyed that there is a sufficient stock of powder and lead 
according to law for their towne. 

AUso from Farmington it was certifyed that they had in 
powder one hundred and fower pownd waight, and in lead 
two hundred ninety fower pownd waight. 

It is ordered by this Court that there shall be free liberty 
of process granted in any ciuill action against any person ac- 
cording to lawe, requireing their appearance at the adjourn- 
ments of any of the county courts, prouided there be fine 
dayes warning giuen for their appearance and answer to any 
such action before the case be heard in the sayd adjourned 
County Courtes. 

Thomas Hopewell moueing this Court for a confirmation 
of some land granted to him by an Indian, at Aspatuck, this 
Court perceiueing that Fayrefeild or Norwalk people may 
be interested in the case, referr the issue of the matter to the 
County Court at Fayrefeild. 

For the incouragement of rayseing sheep &c. in the plan- 
tations, this Court orders that every male person in the seuer- 
all plantations, from fowerteen yeares old and upwards (that 
is not a publique officer, viz. an Assistant, Commissioner or 
Minister of the Gospell,) shall worke one day in the year, 
some time in June yearly, in cutting down and clearing the 
underwood, that so there may be pasture ; and the townes- 
men in the respectiue townes are to appoynt the dayes for 
this worke, and the places where they shall worke, in the 
highwayes or Commons or other places agreed upon by the 
towns ; and if the townesmen neglect their duty therein they 
shall forfeit for euery default fine pownds to the towne treas- 
ury where they dwell. And euery person that neglects to 
attend the fores'^ worke, the dayes appoynted, being warned, 
shall pay fine shillings to the towne treasury where he dwells. 

These were nominated for freemen: — Stonington ; John 
Frink, Mr. Amos Richardson: — Windsor; John Woolcott, 
Zerubabell Fyler, Ebenez: Dible, Jos: Gaylor, Josep: Gris- 



140 PUBLIC RECORDS OP THE 

would : — Guilford; Mr. John Leet, Wm. Leet Jun"", and Jo- 
seph Clay: — Stratford; Jonath: Curtice, John Peckit, Samii 
Hawly, Thorn: Curtice: — Standford; Jeremy Jagger, Daniel 
Newman. 

This Court doth nominate and appoynt IVIr. Georg Hub- 
bard, John Fowler and Wm. Johnson to be Com^s for and 
within the plantation of Guilford, and they three joyntly con- 
curring, or any two of them, are inuested with Magistraticall 
power there, and haue power to hear and issue any case as 
the law directs to be issued by one Magistrate ; and Mr. 
George Hubbard is hereby inuested with fuU power to grant 
summons according to lawe and allso to joyne persons in 
marriage as need requires. 

This Court doth hereby grant the power of Water Bayleys 
to all and euery the constables in the respectiue plantations 
where there is occasion for the same. 

Whereas Mr. Richards hath procured waightes and meas- 
ures for the use of the Colony, from England, according to 
the desire of this Court, October last, the Court now order 
that thankes be returned to him for his care in answering the 
desires of this Court, and the Treasurer is hereby ordered to 
[8] take care that the sayd Mr. Richards || be sattisfyed to 
his rationall content, for the sayd waightes and measures, out 
of the publique Treasury. 

That righteousnes and justice maybe mayntained amongst 
us in our commerce and dealeings each with other, this Court 
orders that each county in this Colony, at theire owne proper 
charge, shall, within the space of six monethes, procure 
sufficient waightes and measures for their county, approued 
and tryed by the Colonyes standards at Hartford, to be pre- 
serued and kept in the county townes as standards for the 
respectiue countycs ; and within nine moneths each towne 
are to procure, from the county standards, standards for 
themselues both of waightes and measures ; and all waightes 
and measures that are improued by pcrticulcr persons shall 
be tryed by the towne standards within tenn monethes ; and 
whosoeuer shall, after the time specifyed in this order make 
use of any waightes or measures which are not proued and 



COLONY OF CONNECTICUT. 141 

tryed by the standards in theire respectiue townes shall for- 
feit for euery such default, fiue shillings to the publique treas- 
ury of that county. 

And this Court appoyntes George Graues to be the sealer 
and approuer of the measures for the seuerall countyes, and 
allso of the towne of Hartford. And Sarg^ Joseph Nash is 
appoynted to be the sealer and approuer of the waightes for 
the seuerall countyes, and allso for the towne of Hartford. 

Whereas Mi'. Sherman hath motioned to this Court in the 
behalfe of some of the inhabitants of Stratford, that they 
might haue liberty and encouragement to erect a plantation 
at or near a Riuer called the farr mill Riuer, and the lands 
adjacent, this Court referrs the consideration of this motion 
to Captain Nathan Gold, Mr. James Bishop, Mr. Tho: Fitch 
and Mr. John Holly, and they are desired and appoynted to 
veiwe the sayd lands desired, and to meet some time in No- 
uember next, to consider of the afoarsayd motion, and to la- 
bour to worke a complyance between those two parties in 
Stratford ; and if their endeauoures proue unsuccessfull then 
they are desired and ordered to make returne to the Court in 
May next what they judg expedient to be attended in the 
case. 

This Court grants liberty to Capt" Daniel Clarke to add 
to his troope soe many as may make them compleat sixty 
besides officers, — prouided none be taken out of Windsor 
without the Capt" of the foote companye's leaue, and that 
they are volenteers and mayntaine a horss and armes com- 
pleat according to lawe without any charge to the country. 

This Court orders that the Gouerno"", Deputy Governo'' 
and Assistants shall be chosen out of those that are nomina- 
ted by the Court in October to stand for election in the May 
following, any order to the contrary notw^^standing. 

The Court voted that those that should be nominated to 
stand for election May next, should be voted now, by papers. 

These were appoynted to stand in nomination for Assist- 
ants at the election in May next, viz: Capt^ Thom: Topping, 
Mr. Jos: Hawly, Mr. Math: Gilbert, Capt° John Nash, Mr. 



142 PUBLIC RECORDS OF THE 

John Holly, Mr. W™ Hill, Mr. Robt Chapman, Mr. W^ 
Pratt, Captn Daniel Clarke, and Mr. Tho: Bull. 

This Court orders that the prize of Horses, in the List of 
estates shall be, fower yeare old horses, and upwards, fower 
pownd ; three yeare olds, three pownds ; two years old, two 
pownds ; one year olds, one pownd. 

Mr. Charles Hill petitioning this Court for a confirmation 
of a grant of land of six hundred acres adjacent to the land 
of Mr. Benj: Brewster at Wepowage, made to Mr. Picket 
long since by Uncass, sachem of Mohegen, with the consent 
of Major Mason, Norwich Deputies claymeing an interest in 
the land in behalfe of their towne, this Court referrs the con- 
sideration and issue thereof to the next session of the Gen- 
erall Court in May ; and the Deputies of Norwich are to ac- 
quaint their towne to prepare to make good their clayme at 
the sayd Court. 

The Court haueing heard Mr. W^ Measure's petition,* and 
considered what hath been aledgedby mm, andfindeing that 
Mr. James Rogers, a party concerned in the case, had no no- 
[9] tice to appeare this Court to make answer || for himselfe, 
doe not see themselues capacitcd to put a reguler issue to the 
case at this time, and therefore doe referr the consideration 
and issue of the case to the Generall Court in May next • 
and if the sayd Measure doth intend to appeare then to man- 
age his matter against the sayd Rogers, he is to giue him 
timely notice thereof, by a summons requireing his appear- 
ance. 

This Court orders that the Treasurer for the future shall 
make payment of the sallary formerly granted to the Depu- 
ties (by this Court,) out of the Country Rate, in the respec- 
tiue places where they dwell. 

This Court doth recommend it to the County Court of 
Fayrefield to take an effectuall course to setle an able and 
orthodox minister in the towne of Rye, and to order due and 
competent mayntenance for such minister in a proportiona- 
ble way among all the inhabitants, with cocrtion of payment 

• See page 148, post. 



COLONY OF CONNECTICUT. 143 

according to Jawe, upon complaynt and euidence against any 
that shall neglect ; and the well affected of the sayd towne 
to a setlement of such a mercy amonge them, are appoynted 
to adres themselues to the sayd County Court at Fayrefeild 
to that end. 

Mr. Bishop of Standford is accepted a freeman upon his 
taking the freeman's oath. 

This Court granted a rate of a penny farthing upon the 
pownd. 

This Court appoynted Mr. James Bishop, Capt" Newbery, 
Mr. Joseph Hawly and John AUyn to audit the Treasurer's 
account. 

This Court nominates and appoyntes Mr. Willys and 
Capt" Tallcott to assist in keeping of a Court at New Lon- 
don, on the first of November next. 

This Court appoyntes the third Wedensday in Nouember 
next to be solemnly kept a day of Thankesgiueing throughout 
this, Colony, to prayse God for the many mercyes that he 
hath extended to us the yeare past in the continuation of the 
Gospell of PeaTig^ amongst us, and so good a measure of 
health in many of, our plantations, and the remouall of sick- 
nesse from some bf our plantations, and. for the Lord's bless- 
ing upon our laboures and the fruites of the earth, and for 
that peace is yet continued amongst us. 

This Court desire and impower the Gouerno'' and Assist- 
ants to appoynt a day of humiliatio.n, some conuenient 
time. 

This Court grant and confirme unto the towne of Ston- 
ington the bownds of their plantation formerly granted to 
them by the Massachusets and possessed by them while 
they were vnder that Gouerment.* 

This Court haueing read and considered the Artickels of 
Confederation drawn up by the Honoured Commissioners of 

* The bounds of the township of Southertovvn, as incorporated by the Massachusetts General 
Court, Oct. 1658, extended "into the country [northjward between Weacapauge and Mistic 
river, eight miles from the mouth of Mistic river." This grant, now confirmed by the General 
Court of Connecticut, included Misquamicut, and the whole tract between Pawcatuck River 
and Wecapaug, which was claimed by Rhode Island. - 



144 PUBLIC RECORDS OF THE 

the Massachusets and Plimouth &c.,* and now by our owne 
Commissioners presented to o^selues for approbation and 
confirmation, doe see cause to approue and confirme the sayd 
Artickels of Confederation as they are drawne ; — prouided 
the Honered Generall Courts of the Massachusets and New 
Plimouth doe the same ; and the Secrett^y is ordered, in the 
name of this Court, to certify soe much to the Generall Court 
of the Massachusets. 

The Court orders that the letter drawn up and read in 
Court by Mr. Richards, be signed by the Secretly in the 
name of the Court, and sent to the Gouerment of Rhod 
Island.f 

Vpon the humble petition and submission of Jacob Lu- 
cenae, for some abatement of the fine imposed upon him by 
the Court of Assistants, the Court see cause, considering he 
is a Jew, to shew him what fauoure they may, abate him tenn 
pownds of his fine. J 

This Court grants L^t W™ Pratt, one hundred acres of 
land ; and Axon Starte, fifty acres ;§ and George Chappell 
fifty acres ; prouided they take it up so as it may not preju- 
dice any former grant or plantation. 

This Court grants. Mr. Willys that his upland lotts at Hoc- 
canum and Nabuck shall extend a mile farther eastward into 
the wildernesse, the bredth of his sayd lots, more then his 
former grant. 

This Court accepts of those propownded for freemen in 
May last, and doe order the Assistants and Commissioners 
in the respectiue plantations to administer the oath of free- 
dome to them. 

This Court leaues it with the Gouerno' and Assistants on 

• A copy of these Articles will be found in Hazard's St. Papers, Vol. II. pp. 511-516. They 
differ in several particulars from those wiiich were subsequently adopted and ratified by the 
respective General Courts, in 1672. 

fSee Appendix- VI. (21.) 

X Jacob Lucena had been tried by the Court of Assistants, Oct. 11, 1C70, (on a criminal 
charge,) and fined X20, to be imprisoned until the fine was paid, and immediately on his di«- 
cliarge to leave the Colony. [Rec. of Court of Assistants, 1069-1701, p. 7.] 

^This grant was purchased by Tho. Parke Sen.; and was laid out to him, in 1079, upon Pa- 
chaug Iliver. [Col. Rec. Lands, I. 4 54.] 



COLONY OF CONNECTICUT. 



145 



the Riuer to write to Col. Louelace,* that there may be a 
committee appoynted by them and us, to runn the line be- 
tween them and us. 

This Court appoynts Mr. John Mosse and Mr. John Brack- 
ett to lay out to the.Honrd Mr. Leet and Mr. James Bishop 
that land that was formerly granted to them by this Court, 
according to their respectiue grants. 

Whereas there hath been propownded that there may be 
a liberty granted to make a plantation about twelue miles 
aboue Norwich, and another plantion near the head of Paw- 
[10] catuck Riuer, this Court desires the Deputies || to in- 
forme their neighboures in their seuerall plantations that are 
in want of land that if they see cause to plant in either of 
those places they may giue in their names to their Deputies 
to present the same to the Court in May next, whoe, (if a 
sufficient number appeare to carry an end such a worke) will 
encourage them in setleing plantations in those places. 

Whereas the Gouernour hath desired the leaue and appro- 
bation of this Generall Assembly to make resignement of the 
Gouerment and office of a Gouernour to this Assembly, we 
haueing considered this motion, for many waighty considera- 
tions, we doe declare that we cannot giue way to any such 
thing.f 

* Col. Francis Lovelace, who, by appointment from the Duke of York, succeeded Col. Richard 
NicoUs, as Governor of New York, May, 1667. [Smith's Hist. N. York, I. 38.] 

t A copy of Gov. Winthrop's letter of resignation is given below, from the original [in 'Civil 
Officers' Vol. L Doc. 54.] It is without date or address, and was probably forwarded to the 
General Assembly from Boston. It is not unlikely that the increasing difficulties with Rhode 
Island, as to the adjustment of the boundary, had something to do with the wish of Gov. W. 
to resign at this time ; as it appears that he considered himself precluded, by his agreement with 
the agents of R. Island in ]663, from exercising any authority over, or enforcing the claims of 
Connecticut to, the territory then in dispute. [See his communication to the Gen. Assembly, 
May, 1670; in Appendix, VI (14.)] 

" Whereas very important occasions have necessitated my absence, of w"='' I gave notice to 
the Generall Assembly of his Ma"'" Colony of Conecticutt for their consent, in case such occa- 
sions should require it, and doe now find a necessity eyther of a voyage into England, or much 
longer slay in the Massachusetts then I intended when I came from Hartford : Therefore least 
the occasions of the Colony should be any way disapointed, or any inconvenience fall out, I 
thought fitt heerby (wth the leave and approbation of the Generall Assembly of the said Colony 
of Conecticutt,) to make this my free Resignation of the Government & office of Governour, to 
the said Generall Assembly, that they may be thereby in a full capacity to elect, make choyce of 
& constitute another Governour for the supply of that place, if they please, and in confirmation 
thereof I have heerunto sett my hand and seale. 

John Winthrop," [Seal.] 

13 



146 



PUBLIC RECORDS OF THE 



This Court doth nominate and appoynt the Deputy Gov- 
erno"", Mr, Samii Willys, Mr. James Richards, Capt Fitz: 
Winthrop, and the Secretary, to be Commissioners in be- 
halfe of this Coiirt, they or any three of them, prouided all- 
wayes that Mr. James Richards or John Allyn be one, to 
meet with soe many impowered from Rhod Island to treat 
with them, issue and conclude all matters respecting juris- 
diction limitts, bownds, and other matters of generall con- 
cernment in controversie between us and them ; and they 
are hereby inuested with the same power the former Com- 
missioners had from this Assembly in May last. 

The Court is adjourned till the Gouerno"" or Deputy Gou- 
erno"" see cause to call them agayne. 



At a Court of Election held at Hartford, May 11*'', 

1671. 

TJiese vjere nominated for election: — ^John Winthrop Esq"" 
William Leete Esq^, Major John Mason Esq"", Mr. Samuel 
Willys, Capt" Nathan Gold, Capt" John Tallcott, Mr. Henry 
Woolcott, Mr. John Allyn, Mr.Wm. Joanes, Mr. Benj: Fenn, 
Mr. Alex: Bryant, Mr. James Richards, Mr. James Bishop, 
Mr. Anth: Howkins,Capt" Tho: Topping, Mr. Josep: Hawley, 
Mr. Mathew Gilbert, Capt" John Nash, Mr. John Holly, Mr. 
Wra. Hill, Mr. Robert Chapman, L"' Wm. Pratt, Capt" 
Danii Clarke, L°t Tho: Bull. 

These were elected : 

John Winthrop Esqr, Goun"". 

Wm. Leete Esq"", Dep* Goun"". 
Assistants. 
Major John Mason Esq"", Mr, Benj a: Fenn, 

Mr. Samuel Willys, Mr. Alex: Bryant, 

Capt" Nathan Gold, Mr. James Richards, 

Capt" John Tallcott, Mr. James Bishop, 

Mr. Henry Woolcott, Mr. Anth: Howkins. 

Mr, John Allyn, Capt" John Tallcott, Treasu\ 

Mr. Wm. Joanes, Mr. John Allyn, Secrefy. 



COLONY OF CONNECTICUT. 147 

The Deputies of the Court are, 
For Hartford ; Mr. Wm. Wads worth, Mr. Richard Lord. 
For Windsor; Capt" Benj: Nubery, Deacon John Moore. 
For Wethersfeild ; Mr. Samii Tallcott, Sargt John Nott. 
For Farniington ; Ens: Samii Steele, Sarg' John Standly. 
For Kenilworth ; Wm. Callsey, Thom: Steuens. 
For Midleton ; Mr. Giles Hamlin, Ens: Nath: White. 
For Stratford; L"t Joseph Curtice, Mr. Joseph Hawly. 
For Milford ; Tho: Wheeler, Mr. Nicho: Campe. 
For Lyme ; Mr. Mathew Griswould, Ens: Wm. Waller. 
For New Hauen ; L"' Tho: Munson, John Cooper. 
For Fayrefeild ; Mr. Wm. Hill, Mr. John Burr. 
For Guilford ; Ens: John Graue, Wm. Johnson. 
For Brandford; Mr. John Willford, Tho: Blachly. 
For Saybrook; Mr. Rob* Chapman, L^t Wm. Pratt. 
For New London ; Mr. Edward Palmes, Mr. Dan'i Wetherly. 
For Simsbury ; John Griffin, Joshu: Holcomb. 
[11] For Norwalke; L^t Rich^ Olmstead, Sargt Walter HoyL 
For Stonington ; Mr. Tho: Stanton, Mr. Sam'i Cheesbrough. 
For Haddum ; Mr. James Battes, George Gates. 
For Rye ; Mr. John Banckes, Peter Disbroe. 
For Wallingforde ; Mr. John Moss, Abram Dowlitle. 
For Norwich ; L^t Francis Griswould, Sarg* Tho: Leffingwell. 
For Standford; L"* Jonath: Sellick, John Greene. 
For Greenwich ; Joseph Mead, Jonath: Lockwood. 

This Court granted Thomas Blachly liberty to depart the 
Court. 

This Court appoynts Mr. Willys, Moderator, in the absence 
of the Gouernour and Deputy Gouerno"". 

This Court grants Sargt Tibballs, of Milford, upon the 
acco* of his seruice at the Pequit warre, the summe of fifty 
acres of land, prouided he take it up where it [may] not preju- 
dice any plantation or former grant made.* 

The Court doe grant to Mr. John Allyn, Secret^'y, for his 
encouragement in the [im]prouement of a saw-mill he hath 
built for public benefitt, the number of one hundred acres of 

• Ordered to be laid out to Samuel Wadsworth of Farmington, May, 1732, — he having pur- 
chased the title under the grant to Serj. Tibbals. [T. & Lands, VL 43, 44.J 



148 PUBLIC RECORDS OF THE 

land about the same, with liberty of the use of the timber on 
the Commons thereabout, and use of the stream adjoyneing, 
prouided this grant intrench not upon any other propriety or 
former grant. 

This Court grants Francis Hall a release of the cattel for- 
feited to the Country by judgment of the County Court, Fayre- 
feild, November, 1670 ; save onely thirty shillings he hath 
payd upon that account. 

Whereas this Court haue manifested themselues ready to 
encourage a plantation [at] Pagusuck,* prouided the people 
there maybe in a capacity to mayntayne an orthodox minis- 
try amongst them there, which this Court cannot see it will be 
capeable unless there may be thirty familyes enterteined ; and 
for the encouragement of such as shall see cause to plant 
there, this Court are willing and doe hereby grant that their 
bownds shall be on the sowth on Milford bownds, on the 
west on Pototuck Riuer, and from their sowth bownds into 
the north, twelue miles ; and that they shall haue liberty to 
improue all the meadow lyeing on Pompawraug Riuer, ail- 
though it be out of their bownds, till the Court shall see cause 
otherwise to dispose of it : and Milford and they are aduised 
to see if they can agree to setle the bownds of the sayd Paw- 
gusuck on the east, between this and October Court ; and if 
they cannot agree, this Court will setle theire eastern bownd : 
and when they see that they are in a capacity to perform 
what was injoyned by the Court, May 9, 1667, they shall be 
ready to giue their plantation a suitable name and priuiledges 
of a towne, and that they shall be free from Country Rates 
three yeares. 

The petition of Wm. Measure against James Rogers re- 
specting judgment and execution obtayned against him at a 
Quarter Court held at Hartford the 7"' of 7''er^ 1665,f haue- 

•See pp. 64, 118, ante. 

t Cliiarter Court held at llartrord, Sept. 7tli, '65. "Mr. James Rogers Pltf. vpon a review 
granted pr the Court at N: London agst Wm. Measure in an action of j"= case for not satisfyinge 
a debt w"*^ should haue bene paid by Mr. Tinker his predece.isor to y« damadgeof OOjC." • • 
" In the action of review, • • • the .lury find for Dft costs of ye Court." ♦ • • 
"This Court bein2 vnsatisfied with the verdict of y" Jury in y«action depending between .Tames 
Rofers and VV'illiain Measure successor to John Tinker, and hauoinp sr-riously considered the 
case doe find tli;it y' estate of John Tinker is Debtor by assignen)eiit of llie 'I'owne of N. Lon- 



COLONY OF CONNECTICUT. 149 

ing been read and considered, the grownds and reasons of the 
sayd judgment and proceeding not sufficiently appeareing to 
this Court, and findeing some circumstances in poynt of lawe 
doubtfull to them, doe not see cause to allow the same, and 
therefore doe order the estate leuyed by the sayd execution 
be in kind returned by the sayd James Rogers to the petition- 
er, upon due apprizment, and doe leaue the sayd Rogers to 
renew his sute at common lawe as he shall see cause, any 
former proceedings therein notw'^istanding. Mr. Wm. Wal- 
ler in Court engageth himselfe that coppyes of all those papers 
in the hands of Mr. Measure that any way concern Mr. 
Rogers and that action now issued in Court, shall within the 
space of fowerteen days be deliuered to Mr. Daniel Wither- 
ell for the use of Mr. Rogers, and that upon his oath if de- 
sired. 

This Court grants Henry Smith, upon the acco* of his ser- 
uice at the Pequit warre, eighty acres of land, prouided he 
take it up where it may not prejudice any former grant or 
plantation. 

This Court grants Nicholas Disbrough fifty acres, upon the 
same acco' w^^ Henry Smith, and upon the same tearmes. 
[12] This Court grants Jeremy Osborn liberty to transport 
about fowerteen pownds worth of leather, to purchass a ser- 
uant for himselfe in the Bay, to help carry an end his trade. 

This Court haueing heard and considered the petition of 
Philip Galping, as allso what return L"* Richard Olmstead 
and Mr. Holly haue made to the Court concerning the afFayres 
of Rye, they cannot see that the sayd Galping is oppressed 
by their remoue as is alledged ; but doe aduise the sayd Gal- 
ping to comply w^h his neighboures and remoue with them. 
Yet if heremaynes his dwelling where he is, he is aduised to 
take care of damnifying his neighboures. And Capt^ Na- 

don to James Rogers the sum of fourteen pounds, six shillings, fiue pence ; and therefore doe 
not only advise but judge that it should speedily be paid by Wm. Measure out of the estate of 
Mr. John Tinker, to y^ said Mr. Rogers, w'h costs of Court, which amounts to 2£. And if the 
said Measure rests not satisfied herewith, then he is to attend a review of the case at the Per- 
ticuler Court to be held at Hartf-' on Tuesday before the 2^1 Thursday in October next. Willm. 
Measure departing the Court before the case was issued, not haveinge libertie, this is y^ joynt 
conclusion of y<= Bench." [Rec. of County Court, &c. III. 41, 42.] 

13* 



150 PUBLIC RECORDS OF THE 

than Gold, IVIr. Tho: Fitch, Mr. Holly, L^t Richard Olmstead 
and Mr. John Burr, they or any three of them, are desired to 
repayre to the sayd Rye as soone as may be, and to endeau- 
oure a comfortable composure and issue of such differences 
as are amonge the people there, and to lend their endeauoures 
in the procureing of an able and orthodox minister, to setle 
in that place ; and if the people of Rye shall not concur w^h 
their endeauoures in procureing a minister and comfortably 
setleing of him in the plantation of Rye, then the Court doth 
impower the afoarsayd committee to agree with a suitable 
man for that worke in that place ; and to agree with him for 
mayntenance to the value of forty pownds p'" annum, which 
the Treasurer, by warrant to the constable of sayd Rye, shall 
order the gathering and payment thereof, with the Country 
Rate. 

This Court grants Sarg* Tho: Spencer, sixty acres of land, 
for his good seruice in the country, prouided he take it up 
where it may not pi'judice any former grant or plantation. 

This Court grants Wm. Trail, Sarg' Aluard, of Windsor, 
and Samuel Whitehead, of New Hauen, for their good ser- 
uice in the Pequot warr, fifty acres of land apeice, prouided 
they take it up where it may not prejudice any former grant 
or plantation. 

This Court grants Jeremy Jagger, of Standford, deceased, 
his three sonns, twenty acres of land apeice, for their father's 
good seruice in the Pequott warre, prouided they take it up 
where it may not p^judice any former grant or plantation. 

This Court being often moued for grants of land by those 
whoe were Pequitt soldiers, doe now see cause to resolue that 
the next Court they wiU finish that matter, and afterwards 
giue no farther audience to such motions. 

This Court haueing heard and considered the petition of 
Simon Crowch, and Fayrefeild Deputies alledging they are 
not prepared to make answer to what concernes them in the 
case, doe see cause to referr the consideration and issue there- 
of to Mr. Gold, Mr. Hill and Mr. John Burr, whoe are desired 
to issue the matter speedily ; and if it be not issued to sattis- 
faction, the sayd Simon Crowch may present his case to the 



COLONY OF CONNECTICUT. 151 

Court, Octobr next, where it shall be issued. Jer: Adams 
past his noat to pay for this petition, 10s. 

Capt"^ Clarke haueing moued this Court that he might 
haue confirmed to him his grant in the place where he took it 
up upon Mattabesett Riuer, the Court haueing heard what 
bathe been alledged to the case by Farmington, as allso by 
Capt" Clarke, doe judg that the true and just right in the 
sayd land belonges to Captain Clarke prouided it be not with- 
in Farmington's first grant of fiue miles. 

This Court appoynts James Steele and Sarg' Hugh Wells 
to lay out to the Marshall as Capti^ Clarke's agent or assigne, 
his land according to his grant in the place where he took it 
up, at Mattabeset Riuer. 

This Court grants that Farmington bownds shall runn from 
Hartford bownds towards the west, tenn miles. 
[13] This Court grants Richard Osborn, of Fayrefeild, 
eighty acres of land for his good seruice in the Pequit warre, 
prouided he take it up where it may not prejudice any former 
grant or plantation. 

This Court grants Mr. Wm. Joanes, three hundred acres 
of land prouided he take it up where it may not prejudice 
any plantation or former grant. Those that are appoynted 
to lay out Mr. Leete and Mr. Bishop's grant, are to lay out 
Mr. Joanes's grant. 

This Court grants Sam^^ Hale, of Wethersfeild, sixty acres 
of land, upon the same tearmes with the Pequitt soldiers. 

This Court grants Mr. Anthony Howkins liberty to take 
up his former grant of land, with fifty acres aded to make it 
up three hundred acres, in some place neare Norwich, and 
L"t Griswold and Sargt Leflingwell are to lay it out. 

Mr. James Richards hath by this Court granted him, three 
hundred acres of land, prouided he take it up^where it may 
not prejudice any former grant to a plantation or perticuler 
person. 

This Court grants the towne of Rye's bownds shall extend 
up into the country northward, twelue miles. 

This Court grants Mr. Richard Lawes, Mr. Thomas Fitch, 
Lit Jonathan Silleck and Mr. John Banckes liberty to pur- 



152 



PUBLIC RECORDS OF THE 



chass of the Indians such land as they shall judge convenient 
within the bownds of this Colony, allwayes prouided the sayd 
land shall remayne to the disspose of the Generall Court, and 
when the land is dissposed of by the Court, the forenamed 
Gentleman shall haue rationall sattisfaction for their disburs- 
ments. 

In answer to the petition of the towne of New London, the 
Court sees not cause to appoynt a committee to runn the 
lyne between the sayd New London and them of Lyme. 
Jonathan Gilbert payes IO5. for this petition. 

This Court appoynts L^t Thomas Munson to runn the 
depth of the bownds of Brandford and Guilford to the north- 
wards, according to their grant. 

This Court appoynts James Steele and Sarg^ Hugh Wells 
to lay out to Joseph Bull and John Bidwell their grant of land, 
according to the grant of the Court.* 

This Court doth nominate and appoynt these following to 
be comissioners for the yeare ensueing : — For Windsor Sf 
Simsbiiry, Capt" Ben: Nubery ; for Wethersfeild, Mr. Sam'i 
Wells, Mr. Sam" Tallcot; for Midleton Sf Haddum, Mr. 
Giles Hamlin ; for Sai/brookc Sj' Lyme, Rob' Chapman & 
Lnt Wm. Pratt; for New London, Mr. Edward Palmes, Mr. 
Danii Witherell; for Stoning-ton, Mr. Tho: Stanton & Mr. 
Tho: Mynor; for Kenihvorth, Mr. Edw: Griswould, L^t 
Josi: Hull ; for Brandford, Mr. John Wilford ; for New Ha- 
ven, Mr. Math: Gilbert ; for Mllford, Mr. John Clark ; for 
Stratford, Mr. Sam^i Shearman, L^^t Wm. Curtice ; for 
FayrefeUd, Mr. Wm. Hill, Mr. Jehu Burr ; for Norwalk, L^t 
Rich"! Olmstead, Mr. Tho: Fitch; for Standford, Greenwich 
Sf Rye, Mr. Richard Lawes, Mr. John Holly. 

This Court grants that the towne of Wallingford shall be 
and belong to the county of New Haven. 

This Court grants the towne of Wallingford a freedome 
from Country Rates, three yeares from this time. 

• This land was granted, May, 1C69. The lay-out, by James Steele and Hugh Welles , May 
18th, 1671, is recorded in Col. Records of Lands, Vol. \l. p. 2G. Tlie tract of 210 acres (inclu- 
ding 40 acres granted to Thomas Harris, and by him conveyed to Bull and Bidwell) was laid 
out " on the east side the Crcat River, near their saw mill." 



COLONY OF CONNECTICUT. 153 

For the incouragement of Daniel Porter in atending the 
seruice of the country in setting bones &c., the Court doe 
hereby augment his sallery from six pownds a yeare to twelue 
pownds p"" annum, and doe aduise him to instruct some 
meet person in his arte. 

This Court grants that the present Gouerno'' his sallery 
shall be made for the future One Hundred and Fifty pownds 
pr annum. 

This Court orders that Haddum brand shall be the letter 
Z ; and Simsbury brand, the letter C ; and Wallingford the 
letter Y. 

Vpon the petition of Mr. Charles Hill, this Court doth 
recommend it to the inhabitants of Norwich to consider of 
Mr. Charles Hill his predecessor's disbursments about the 
purchase of a tract of land which sayd Norwich claym- 
eth a propriety in, and allow him a considerable quantity of 
the land purchassed of Vncass, to be to him and the heires 
of Ml'. Pickett, in way of sattisfaction for the afoarsayd dis- 
bursments. 

This Court grants that the bownds of Norwich shall bee 
[14] nine miles || square, according as is exprest in the pur- 
chase of the sayd Norwich from Vncass. 

This Court doth recommend it to the inhabitants and 
proprietors of Simsbury to rayse the minister's and towne 
rate this yeare upon persons and land. 

This Court grants that Standford bownds shall runn to 
the northward twelue miles. 

This Court grants that Greenwich bownds shall extend to 
the northward twelue miles. 

It is ordered by this Court that the Secrefi^y Mr. Allyn 
prepare a draught of the Lawes of this Jurisdiction now in 
use wth such amendments and farther additions as he shall 
find necessary, to be farther reuised and prepared by the 
committee thereunto appoynted, for the Generall Court's ap- 
probation and confirmation, October next. 

This Court desires the Gouerno'', Dept. Gouernor and 
Assistants here w'h those by the sea side whose occasions 
will permit it, shall be a committee to consider the lawes 



154 



PUBLIC RECORDS OF THE 



and prepare and dispose them soe that they may be fitt for 
the consideration of the Generall Com-t, and to be published 
and printed ; and they are at liberty to call in what help 
they judge meet to counsell and aduise in the case. 

This Court orders that for the future the seuerall and 
respectiue plantations shall pay for the hyer of their Depu- 
ties' horses, which they ride upon up to the seuerall sessions 
of the Generall Courte. 

This Court grants Thomas Bunce sixty acres of land for 
his good seruice in the Pequott warre. 

This Court grants John Ilallaway fifty acres of land for 
his good seruice in the Pequott warre. 

Vpon the petition of Mr. Assur Leuy, this Court sees 
cause to abate fiue pownds of Jacob Lucenoe's fine, as a 
token of their respect to the sayd Mr. Assur Leuy. 

This Court orders that all sheep that shall be taken dam- 
age feizant and be impownded, shall pay one penny a head, 
a fowerth part of which shall be to the pownd keeper, the 
remainder to him tliat driues them. 

Mr. Samuel Willys and Capt" John Tallcott are chosen 
Commissioners for the Vnited Colonys for the yeare ensue- 
ing, and Mr. James Richards is a reserue ; and they are in- 
uested with full power to attend the meeting of the Commis- 
sioners at Plimoth, Septr next, and to act in behalfe of this 
Colony in all matters wherein the sayd Commissioners are 
concerned, as allso in the name of the Court to signe the 
articles of confoederation as now they are agreed upon.* 

Propownded for freemen : — From New Haven, Mr. Wm. 
Roswell, Thomas Bemond, Wm. Gibbons, John Tompson 
farm'', John Allyn Jun"" ; 

From N()rv)ich ; John Mason, John Tracy, Thomas How- 
ard, Thomas Waterman, Steuen Gifferd, Thomas Bingham, 
Hngh Amos, Thomas Leffingwell ; 

From Stratford; John Tompson Jun"", John Judson, The- 
oph: Sherman, John Beardsly; 

• See the articles of confederation, as tliey were finally agreed upon and signed liy the cnnimis- 
tiioners, in Hazard, '[. 521-52G. They were ratified and fully cnneUided, Sei)t. 5lh, 1672. An 
engrossed copy, with the autograph signatures of tlic six commissioners, is in " Miocellaneous 
Papers," Vol. I. Doc. 90. 



COLONY OF CONNECTICUT. 155 

From Milford; Josia Plott, Nath: Baldwin, Jeremy Beard, 
Siluanus Baldwin, Nathan Burwell, Mathew Woodroffe, 
Thomas Wheeler, Thomas Tibbells, Sam'i Nortrup, Daniel 
Gunn, Samuel Gunn, James Biscoe, Samuel Riggs, John 
Tibballs ; 

From Lyme ; Richard Smith, Baltazar Dewoolfe, Wm. 
Measure, John Robbins, Isack Waterhouse. 

This Court accepts those propownded for freemen in 
Octobr last, and they are to be sworne by the respectiue 
Assist'^ or Commissioners in the towne where they dwell. 

This Court grants that the bownds of Windsor shall ex- 
tend to the northward two miles beyond their old grant. 

This Court doe, as farr as it is with them, confirm to Mr. 
Tho: Stanton a grant of a neck of land made to him by 
Cassawashitt, 1659, which deed is recorded at Boston in the 
Third Book of records of the County of Suffolk, as is at- 
tested ^ Free Grace Bendall, Clarke.* 

This Court appoynts and impowers Mr. Sam" Willys 
and Capt. James Richards and the Secretly to draw up an 
answer to the letter that came from the Gouerment of Rhode 
Island, and to cause the same to be signed by the Secrefi^y 
in the name of the Court.f 

This Court appoynts and impowers Mi*. Willys and Capt» 
John Tallcott to prepal-e an answer to the letter that came 
[15] from the Gouerment of the Masachusets, || and to cer- 
tify that this Court cannot see reason to agree to their emen- 
dations in the Ninth & Tenth Article, but we hold in them 
to the Articles drawn by the Comissioners, June the last.J 



*Cashawashet (alias Hernion Garret) granted to Thomas Stanton, Senr., Jan., 1659-'60, a 
" neck of land called Quanecontack," in the Narragansett country, with " the three small islands 
in the pond, to belong to the neck." This grant was acknowledged by Cashawashet before 
1 aniel Gookin, July 4th, 16C1 ; and again before the Royal Commissioners in 1665 ; and is re- 
corded in Col. Rec. of Lands, I. 308. In 1G63, it appearing that this neck fell within the lim- 
its of the purchase made by Major Atherton and his partners, of whom Thomas Stanton was 
one, the latter gave up the title derived from Hermon Garrett, quitclaiming the tract to the 
Atherton proprietors, and "cast himself upon the company to doe for him as theyjudg equall, 
in the ultimate division of the lands. [Col. Rec. of Lands, I. 325.] 

tThis letter, dated May IJth, 1671, is in Col. Boundaries, L 81. 

tThe changes introduced by the General Court of Massachusetts, in the Articles of Confed- 
eration originally agreed upon by the Commissioners, may be seen by comparing the copies in 
Hazard, U. 511-515, 516-520, and 521-526. The 9th and 10th articles relate to the apportion- 



156 PUBLIC RECORDS OF THE 

Their other emendations we approue of. As allso to inform 
them how prejudicial! it will be to one of our plantations, their 
laying out of the lands so near Windsor &c., which we 
conceiue to be within the limitts of o"" Pattent. And the 
Secretly is to signe that letter in the name of the Court* 

The Deputy Gouernf, IVIr. Joanes or Mr. Bishop is desired, 
and by this Court impowered to administer the oath of As- 
sistants to Mr. Bryant and Mr. Fenn ; and to Mr. Gilbert of 
New Haven, the Com^s oath. Mr. Fenn or any other Assist- 
ant that can attend it is desired and impowered to adminis- 
ter the oath of an Assistant to Mr. Gold, and of a Com"" to 
Mr. Sherman, Mr. John Clark, Mr. Hill and Mr. Jehu Burr ; 
and L'l' Olmstead is desyred to administer the oath of a 
Comr to Mr. Tho: Fitch, Mr. Richard Lawes, and Mr. John 
Holly. Mr. Chapman is appoynted and impowered to ad- 
minister the oath of a Com"" to Mr. Edward Griswould and 
L'lt Hull, and Mr. Samuel Tallcott to administer the Coma's 
oath to Mr. Samuel Wells. 

This Court doth make choyse of those nominated in Oc- 
tober last, viz : the Deputy Gouerno"", Mr. Samuel Willys, 
Ml-. James Richards, Capt" Fitz John Winthrop and the 
Secretly, or any three of them, to be a committee in behalfe 
of this Court, to treate with such as shall be chosen and im- 
powered from Rhode Island, to issue* and conclude all mat- 
ters respecting Jurisdiction Limits & Bownds, and other 
matters of Generall Concernment, in controuersy between 
Rhod Island Gouerment and o^selues ; and we leave it with 

ment of trnnps, provisions and expenses to the several colonies, in the event of war. The Com- 
missioners, at first, proposed that Massachusetts should send 100 men, Plymouth 45, and Con- 
necticut 00, or in that proportion ; and that all expenses of the war should be borne by the colo- 
nies in proportion to the number of adult males in each. To the latter clauss the Massachu- 
setts Oeneral Court objected. The 9th article, as finally adopted, provides that the " rule for 
proportioning men and raising of moneys * * * shall be as followeth ; The Massachusetts 
100 ; Plymouth, 30 ; Connecticut, fiO ; and this rule to continue for fifteen years." See a letter 
from Massachusetts, 6 June, 1671, in Col. Boundaries, III. Doc. 2. 

•"Upon notice that the Government of the Massachusetts, in 1671, (which was eight yeara 
after the Charter granted to this Colony,) were about to lay out Plantations in the lands which, 
upon the stating the dividend line between the Governments, it was deemed would fall within 
this Governtiient, we gave them notice how prejudiciall it would be to this Colony, in hope of 
their desisting upon such notice given them." [Memorial respecting the dividing line, &C., 
transmitted to Sir Henry Ashurst, 1709 ; in Col, Boundaries, III. 37.] 



COLONY OF CONNECTICUT. 157 

the Government of Rhode Island to appoynt the time and 
place of meeting, prouided it be not beyond New London. 

This Court appoynts Capt" Edward Hutchinson, Capt" 
Wm. Hudson, IVIr. Richard Smith and Mr. John Cole, Com- 
missioners for the plantation of Wickford and the limits 
thereof, and they are inuested with Magistraticall power. 
Sam^i Eldred is nominated and appoynted Constable for the 
sayd Wickford. Mr. Thomas Stanton is commissionated 
and impowered to giue the afoarsayd Commissioners and 
Sarjt Minor the oath of Commissioners, and Sam^' Eldred 
the Constable's oath. 

This Court doth appoynt the Constables of the seuerall 
plantations to send a list of all the males from sixteen yeares 
of age to sixty that are wt^in their respectiue limitts, to the 
Secretary at Hartford, within the space of one moneth. 

This Court confirmes unto Farmington their bownds, tenn 
miles towards the sowth from the Rownd Hill (prouided Capt'» 
Clarke enjoy his grant) without those exceptions made in 
their former grant. 

This Court doe appoynt and impower Capt" John Tall- 
cott, Mr. James Richards and Mr. Thomas Stanton to be a 
committee to heare and determine all matters in controversie 
between the Indians whoe now wayt upon the Court for a 
decision of their matters.* 

Whereas this Court haue been informed that Vncass and 
Owanecoe with some of their people are perswaded to be 
willing to giue attendance to what of the knowledg of the 
onely true God and o"" Sauiour Jesus Christ is discouered to 
them by the Reuerend Mr. James Fitch &c., This Court 
thought good hereby to declare that Mr. Fitch's endeauours 

• Joshua, tlie son of Uncas, claimed a tract of land within the limits of the town of Lyme, as 
his inheritance in the right of Attawanhood, a younger brotlier of his grandfather, and a 
"great sachem." The committee, without deciding upon the validity of Joshua's claim, advised 
the town of Lyme to grant him the whole or a part of the land, for his present improvement. Their 
report (dated May 18th, 1671,) states that " though it appear by the best light we can come at, 
both by the concurrent testimony of Captin Sannup and Arramanet, Robin Cassinomon, with 
sundry English, that the said land, however formerly contriverted, was in the possession of the 
Pequots at the time of the English conquest, and soe projierly belongs to the English, yet we 
doe not take upon us to determin the contriversy ; but doo advise," &c. [Indians, Vol. I. 
Doc, 25.] 

14 



158 PUBLIC RECORDS OF THE 

to conuey something of the knowledge of God and the light 
of his Gospell to those poore heathen that haue so long satt 
in darkness and the shaddow of death, is gratefully accepted 
by this Court, who shall be ready to encourage Mr. Fitch in 
the worke and moue the Comf^ at their next meeting to 
alowe suitable 'encouragment allso.* This Court doth like- 
wise declare to all those people, both Sachems and others, 
that readily and willingly attend to those discoueries of the 
things of God that are held forth to them, they shall be ready 
to encourage them therein, as allso looke with an unplease- 
inge countenance upon those that shall any wayes interupt 
or hinder them in their due attendance to what of God shall 
be made knowne to them. 

This Court doe order and appoynt the third Wednesday 
in June next to be solemnly kept a day of publique Humilia- 
tion throughout this Colony, to humble orselves before the 
Lord for all o"" manifold sins and prouocations against him, 
whereby we haue justly provoaked him to goe out against 
us in those yearly vissitations which his holy and righteous 
hand hath justly brought upon us, both in cutting us short 
of the fruits of the feild and of the trees, and to bewayle our 
diuissions and decayes of religion in the life and power of it, 
and allso the growth of impiety and prophaness, to the great 
dishonour of God and prouocation of his Holy Name ; as 
[16] allso to seek unto the Lord to smile upon his people, || in 
pardoning their sins and powering forth a spirit of conuersion 
upon the present and riseing generation ; as allso that he 
would bless the labours of o"" hands in the occasions of this 
ensueing yeare, continue health in o^ habitations, prosper the 



* At the next meeting of the Commissioners (Sept. 1672,) Mr. Usher was directed to pay out 
of the •• Indian stock" -in his custody, "to Mr. James Fitch, in Hartford Colony, the Revei.ues 
of Mr. Mouth's gift for the year past," X31. 10. ; and " to sundry well deserving Indians that 
are near Mr. Fitch and helpfulllo him in the work," XIO. 00. 0. fHaz. II. 530.1 

Although Uncas and his son may have been " persuaded to be willing to give attendance" 
to religious instructions, Mr. Fitch does not appear to have found them very tractable or hopeful 
pupils. In 1 078, in a letter to Secretary Allyn, he refers to the habits of Uncas, (which "are com- 
monly known.") " reproachfully to vilifye our rulers, our lawes and religion ;" and declares him 
.0 be " the greate opponent of any meanes of soul's good and concernment to his people, and 
abounding more and more in dancings and all manner of Heathenish impieties." [Indians, Vol. 
I. Doc. 33.] 



COLONY OF CONNECTICUT. 159 

work of the Lord now begunn among the Indians in this 
Colony, that if it be his Holy Will they may become subjects 
to the kingdom of C" Lord Jesus; as allso to seeke the Lord 
in behalfe of his people in other partes, that such mercy may 
be extended to them as their pi'sent occasions may call for. 

The Court is adjourned till the Gouerno"^ or Dep* Gou- 
ern"" see cause to call them agayne. 



A Session of the Generall Court held in Hartford, 
October 12 \ 1671. 
John Winthrop Esq^, Gouernour. 
Wm Leet Esqf, Dept: Gouern^. 
Assistants. 
Mr. Samuel Willys, Mr. W™ Joanes, 

Captn John Tallcott, Mr. Benj: Fenn, 

Mr. John Allyn, Secrefy, Mr. James Bishop, 

Mr. James Richards, Mr. Antho: Howkins. 

Deputies. 
For Hartford ; Mr. W^" Wadsworth, Mr. Rich^ Lord. 
For Windsor; Capt" Benj: Nubery, Deacon John More. 
For Wethersfeild ; Mr. Sam'i Boreman, Sargt John Nott. 
For Farmington; Ens: Sam'i Steele, Sarg*^ John Standly. 
For Simsbury ; Mr. Simon Woolcott. 
For Midleton ; Mr. Giles Hamlin, Ens: Nath: White. 
For Hadum ; Georg Gates. 
For New London ; Capt" John Winthrop, ahs:, Mr. Edward 

Palmes. 
For Saybrooke; Mr. Rob^ Chapman, L"' Wm. Pratt. 
For Lyme ; Mr. Math: Griswold, Ens: Wm. Waller. 
For Kenilworth; Mr. Edw: Griswold, L"* Josi: Hull. 
For Norwich; Mr. Hugh Calkin, Sargf Tho: Leffingwell. 
For Stonington ; Mr. Tho: Stanton, Capt. George Denison. 
For Fayrefeild ; Mr. John Burr, Mr. John Wheeler. 
For Stratford ; Mr. Jos: Hawley, Mr. John Brinsmead. 
For Norwalke ; Mr. John Gregory, John Bowton. 



160 



PUBLIC RECORDS OF THE 



For Standford ; Mr. John Green, Mr. Joseph Theale. 

For Greenwich ; Jonath: Lockwood. 

For New Haven; L"' Tho: Munson, Mr. John Cooper. 

For Milford ; Lnt Wm. Fowler, Mr. Nic: Camp. 

For Brandford ; Mr. John Wilford, Mr. Tho: Blatchly. 

For Guilford ; Deac: John Fowler, Ens: John Graue. 

For Wallingford ; Mr. John Bracket. 

The Committee appoynted to reveiw the Lawes, in May 
last, are desired still to attend the same and perfect it by the 
next session of this Courte. 

The List of Estates. 
£ s. d. 



Hartford,* 

We:thersfeild, 

"Windsor, 

New Haven, 

[17] Milford, 

Guilford, 

Saybrook, 

Stratford, 

Brandford, 

Farmington, 

Midleton, 



s. 

16402: 15: 00 
11286: 05: 10 
12798: 00: 00 
13759: 00: 00 



Kenilworth, 
Norwalke, 
Greenwich, 
Norwich, 



09657: 02: 00 ||Haddum, 



05802: 18: 00 

04598: 13: 06 

08074: 03: 00 

02118: 15: 00 

06249: 13: 00 

03998: 10: 00 



New London, 

Fayrefeild, 

Rye, 

Lyme, 

Stoneington, 

Standford, 



£. 

02519: 

04762: 

01806 

04100 

1789: 

8588; 

9967: 

1979: 

1663; 



s. d. 
00: 00 
10: 00 
00: 00 
00: 00 
00: 00 
10: 00 
00: 00 
15: 00 
15: 00 
4273: 15: 00 
5000: 00: 00 



In answer to the petition presented by Mr. John Crandall, 
signed by Mr. Tobias Sanders, in the behalfe of himselfe and 
the rest of the people on the east side of Pawcatuck Riuer, 
according to the desire of those people as Mr. Crandall af- 
firmed in Court, — This Court returnes that all those people 
on the east side of Pawcatuck Riuer within the bownds of 
Stonington, shall haue the same protection for their persons 
and estates as the rest of the people of this Colony haue, and 
as the law will afoarde them ; and this Court doth declare 
that according to their desire there shall be a cessation of all 
prosecutions against them in poynts of tryalls for titles of 
land, and for what other matters at present are past respect- 
ing trespass or misdemeanour, till the Generall Court in May 



* The words " persons &. estates," are, in the record, repeated after the name of each town. 



COLONY OF CONNECTICUT. 161 

next ; prouided they doe carry it peaceably in the meane time 
and duely performe all that they haue engaged in their peti- 
tion to this Court* 

This Court grants these followeing grants to those followe- 
ing, whoe were Pequott soldiers, prouided they are taken up 
where they may not prejudice any former grant to any plant- 
ation or perticuler person : — 

This Court grants Thomas Hollybut Sen^, one hundred 
and twenty acres of land. To Nicholas Clarke ; to the heirs 
of Wm. Heyden, in roome of their father; to the heirs of 
Thomas Buckland; to the heires of Thomas Gridley; to 
Thomas Barnes ; to John Warner; to John Hills; to Thomas 
Standish ; to Nathan Gillett ; to Mr. James Rogers ; to Peter 
Blachford's heirs; to John Johnson; — to these persons are 
granted fifty acres of land apeice. 

This Court grants Mr. Josiah Willard an adition to his 
former grant of land, fifty acres of land, and Mr. Sam^i Bore- 
man and Sargt Hugh Wells are desired to lay it out to him 
at Ashowassuck, prouided it be not within the bownds of 
some plantation or within the limits granted to some pertic- 
uler person. 

This Court doth reject James Wright's petition. Jer: 
Adams engaged to pay 10s. for this petition. 

In answer to the recommendation of the County Court at 
New London, June last, and the petition of Mr. James Rogers, 
that this Court would declare whither the issue of the Gen- 
erall Court in May last was not a finall issue of the case soe 
farr as it concerned damage due to Mr. Wm. Measure from 
Mr. James Rogers or his estate, the Court doth returne, that 

•John Crandall, had been appointed by the Government of Rhode Island, a conservator of the 
peace in the town of Westerly. In April, 1671, he was apprehended by the constables of Ston- 
ington, under a warrant issued by the commissioners of that town, and cirried before the New 
London County Court, in June, for trial, on a charge of " contempt of authority, a mover of sedi - 
tion or indeavors that waye," and for " open rebellion" in resisting the exercise of Connecticut 
authority east of Pawcatuck River. He was ordered to give bonds for his appearance at the 
Court of Assistants in October, and on his refusal so to do, was delivered to the custody of the 
Marshall. [Crimes & Misdemeanors, Vol. L Uocs. 36-49.J At the meeting of the Court of 
Assistants, at Hartford, (Oct. 10th,) Crandall refused to plead, or ask for a trial by Jury ; and the 
Court, after hearing the evidence, sentenced him to pay a fine of jCIO and costs. [Rec. of Co. 
of Assistants. Vol. I. p. 9.] 

14* 



162 



PUBLIC RECORDS OF THE 



the judgment of this Court, May last, did put a finall issue to 
all JNIr. Wm. Measure's demands of damage from Mr. James 
Rogers, in that case, to that day ;* and that Mr. Rogers had 
full liberty to renew his sute at common lawe against Mr. 
Measure. Jeremy Adams engaged to pay tenn shillings for 
this Petition. 

This Court grants Mr. Simon Woolcott liberty to retaile 
wine and liq^^ (prouided he keep good order in the dispose of 
it,) untill there be an Ordinary set up in Simsbury. 

Mrs. Blackman's petition is rejected. Francis Hall enga- 
geth to pay Mr. Bryant 10s. for this petition. 

John Gallop is granted a hundred acres of land for his ser- 
uice in the Pequot warre, prouided he take it up where it may 
not prejudice any former grant granted to any plantation or 
perticuler person. 

James Egleston hath by this Court granted fifty acres of 
land upon the same tearmes ; and Thomas Hale is alowed 
fifty acres, for his seruice in the Pequott warr, upon the same 
tearmes. 

[18] This Court appoynts and authorizeth Ens: Nath: 
White and Mr. John Willford to lay out the bownds of Wal- 
lingford according to the grants of the Court to them.f 

This Court doth order and appoyntthat the first Wednes- 
day in Nouemb"" next, be solemnly kept a day of publique 
Thankesgiueing, throughout this Colony, to prayse God for 
his mercy and goodness towards us, in the continuance of the 
Gospell and Ordinances amongst us, and in the fruits of the 
earth, and that measure of health that hath been injoyed ino"" 
plantations, and the restoreing of health to those whoe haue 
been visited with sickness, and for our peace, and for the 
goodness of God in setleing good agreement between them 
and the Natiues in o'' neighbour Colony,^ and for the peace 

* Be.e page 148. ante. 

t The report of this Committee (dated, Nov. 6lh, 1G74,) is recorded in Col. Rec. of Lands, IL 
118. The boundary line was estalilished to "run from the Kast River, commonly called New 
Haven Uiver, upon an east-and-by-sowth lyne, five miles, very noere Pishatipage pond, & from 
thence upon a north-and-by-e.ast lyne untill it meet with Midlcton sowth bownds,and on a east- 
and-by-sowth lyne till it meet with Midleton west bownds; and on the west side New Haven 
Klver, upon a west-and-by-nortli line, seven miles." 

t Philip, Sachem of Pokanoket, complaining of injuries received from the inhabitants of Ply- 



COLONY OF CONNECTICUT. 163 

that yet through the goodness of God is injoyed in o^ natiue 
country. 

This Court grants the Deputy Gouerno'" for his seruice this 
yeare, twenty pownds. 

This Court grants a Rate of a penny farthing upon the 
pownd, to be payd in wheat, pease and Indian corn, a third 
of each. 

Propownded for freemen : — Windsor, Dauid Winchell, John 
Gaylerd Jun"" ; Midleton, Joseph Hubbard ; Saybrook, John 
TuUey ; Stratford, John Barrett, Jos: Hawly Jun"", Ephraim 
Booth, John Wells ; Hartford, John Pantry, Wm. Burnam, 
John Day, Joseph Colior, Richard Case, Joseph Hills ; 
Hadum, Thomas Shaylor. 

The County Court at New Haven, the 14th of June, 1671, 
haueing granted their approbation of the disposall of a house 
and land sometime belonging to Edward Watson late of 
New Haven, &c., and desireing this Court allso to approue 
of the sayd disposall of the house and land afoarsayd, the 
premises being considered this Court doth declare that they 
doe approue of the same, and order the Secret^'y so to vnder- 
write the recommendation of the County Court. 

This Court grants Mr. John Woodbridg of Kenilworth, two 
hundred and fifty acres of land for a farm, prouided he take 
it up where it may not pJ'judice any former grant to any 
plantation or perticuler person. 

This Court orders the Secreti^y to grant Mr. Anthony How- 
kins an execution against the estate of Thomas Wells Esq""? 
deceased, for what was granted to him by the Generall Court, 
March ll^h, ||. 

This Court doth impower the County Courtes in the re- 
spectiue countyes to appoynt a Treasurer for their county, 
and to grant Rates for the defrayeing of their just and neces- 
sary charges ; the Treasurer to order the gathering of them. 

mouth, threatened that Colony with war. The difficulty was settled, by the mediation and ad- 
vice of Massachusetts and Connecticut ; and Philip, acknowledging his pretense of wrongs to 
be groundless and false, subscribed an instrument of submission, renewing his covenant of 
friendship with the Colony and promising restitution for damages sustained at his hand. For 
some two or three years afterwards he appears to have lived on good terms with the English. 
[Brief Narrative, &c., of the Plymouth Comra'rs, in Haz. II. 532 ; Hubbard's Ind. Wars, 51, 52 ; 
Ilutchinoon, f. 279.] 



164 PUBLIC RECORDS OP THE 

Whereas there is complaint made to this Court that there 
hath been a ryott or route committed at or near Nyantick, by 
some of New London or Lyme or both, and a great strife 
about the bownds of those plantations of New London and 
Lyme,* and it being alledged to this Court that as the case 
is circumstanced there are so many of the people of that 
county of New London by one meanes or another soe farr 
engaged in those matters that it may be difficult to finde 
jurors or judges unconcerned in that county, as some alledge, 
The Court hath thought meet to refeiT the heareing and issue 
of both those afFayres to the Gouerno'', Deputy Gouerno"" and 
Assistants at Hartford, or so many of them as can attend it, 
the next County Court in Hartford, in March. And they 
doe aUso order that those that haue lett the land to hier to 
the Indians the yeare past, shall peaceably receiue what rent 
shall be due without molestation, till the Court order other- 
wise. This Court allso grants liberty that what testimonies 
concerne this case, shall be taken where the persons dwell, by 
any of the Commissioners, prouided the plantife and defnts 
both [be notijiedj] to attend when the testimonies are taken. 
[19] Vpon the motion of Norwich, it is ordered by this 
Court, that the land between Norwich and New London 
bownds that is not yet granted to perticuler persons, shall lye 
in comon for the use of New London & Norwich, till the 
Court shall see good reason otherwise to dispose of it. Mr. 
Brewster to belong to Norwich if he desires it. April 30th, 
1672, Mr. Br Cluster manifested his desire to belong- to Nor- 
wich, under his hand.^ 

The Court by their vote voted that Mr. Stone hath right to 
that land he took up about Mattebeseck Riuer, which was 
measured out to him by James Steele, and is now in Farm- 
ington bownds.§ 

• See Appendix XII. 

t These, or some words of like import, were omitted by the recorder. 

% The words in italics are interlined. 

^This tract of land of 550 acres or thereabouts, Mr. Stone purchased from the sachem Turra- 
muggus, and subsequently conveyed it (Apr. C, 1G70,) to Thomas Bell, of Stonington. For the 
history of this grant and the litigation respecting it, see Court Papers, Vol. I. Docs. 433-404. 



COLONY OF CONNECTICUT. 165 

This Court appoynts James Steele and Nath: Willett to lay 
out Farmington bownds southward from the Rownd Hill ac- 
cording to their grant* 

This Court doth grant the Gouerno'' liberty to erect a plan- 
tation at Quinibauge, aloweing the purchase his Honour 
hath made of the Indians for those lands (prouided it doe not 
pfjudice any plantation allready erected.) 

This Court grants Robin Cassacinimun liberty to buy a 
horss, for his perticuler use and seruice. 

This Court appoynts Ens: Waller and James Morgan to 
lay out to Lnt Bull, &c. that grant of land which, by way of 
exchang, was granted to them, 2^ March, 165.^, by this Court, 
according to the grant.f 

These were nominated to stand for election in May next : 
Capt" Benj: Newbery, Capt" John Nash, L^t Wm. Curtice, 
Mr. Robt Chapman, Capt" Daniel Clarke, Capt" Thomas 
Topping, Mr. Wm. Hill, Mr. Edw: Griswould. 

This Court appoynts Mr. Allyn, Mr. Bishop, Mr. Chapman 
& Mr. Hawley to audit the Treasurer's acco* for the yeare 
past. 

Whereas this Court hath been informed that Vncass hath 
reC^ great damage in his corn, by some horses belonging to 
New London or Norwich, and hath received no sattisfaction 
for the same, the Court thought good and doe hereby recom- 
mend it to the townes of New London and Norwich to con- 
sider some way to do Vncass right in the case, in some suit- 
able manner. 

Midleton hath one barell of powder. Windsor stock is 
SOO'bs of powder and 700'bs of lead. New Haven certifyed 
that they had their ammunition for their town, according to 

* A copy of this Committee's report is in Court Papers, I. 451. 

t Jan. 1641-2, the Gen. Court granted 500 acres of land "about Pequot country" to be allotted 
by Capt. Mason to certain of the Pequot soldiers. In 1650, it was found that the lands appropri- 
ated by •' five well deserving soldiers," under this grant, fell within the limits of the new planta- 
tion at Pequot; and the Court ordered that the first proprietors should be recompensed for a 
surrender of their grant, witli other lands at Niantic or elsewhere. In 1651-2 it appeared that 
this second allotment to the soldiers, at Mantic, trenched upon the bounds of Sayhrook ; and 
Capt. Bull with his fellow grantees, surrendered 100 acres to the Court, (for an Indian reserva- 
ation,) receiving in exchange a grant of 200 acres of upland, adjoining their former grants on the 
north. [Col. Rec. I. 70, 208, 221, 230.] 



166 PUBLIC RECORDS OF THE 

lawe. Milford ammunition is sufficient, according to lawe. 
Guilford ammunition is sutHcient according to lawe. 

Whereas Jonathan Armstrong hath declared to this Court 
that he hath receiued great damage by an execution serued 
upon him by vertue of a judgment of Court at Stoneington, 
as by his declaration on file may appeare, the Court judge 
meet to grant the sayd Armstrong a heareing of the whole 
case, at the next Court of Assistants in May next, prouided 
he giue in securety to prosecute the same.* 

Jonathan Armstrong acknowledgeth himself, person and 
estate, bownd in a recognizance of forty pownds sterling to 
the publique Treasury of this Corporation ; the condition is, 
that the sayd Jonathan Armstrong shall at the next Court of 
Assists, to be holden at Hartford in May, prosecute his com- 
playnt now made to this Court, according to his declaration. 
Acknowledged in Court, as attests, 

John Allyn, Secretly. 

This Court appoynts John Brackett to lay out to John 
Stone the land granted to him, according to his grant. 

This Court appoynts Samuel Grant to lay out the bownds 
between Wethersfeild and Midleton. 

Wm. Waller is confirmed Liuetenant of the Train Band of 
Lyme. 

This Court doth impower Capt^ Tallcott to take care to 
preserue the great Artilery that belongs to the Colony at 
Saybrooke. 

This Court desires and appoynts the Secretly, Mr. James 
Richards and Capt^ John Winthrop, to be a committee in 
behalfe of this Colony to meet with and treat with the com- 

• John Reynolds, some time previous to IGiv?, came to Mifquamicut, (Westerly,) where he 
bought a liouse and lot of James Babcock. In 1667, lie was dispossessed by the constables of 
Stonington, as an intruder on lands belonging to that town and within the charter limits claimed 
by Connecticut. Reynolds subsequently submitted to Connecticut authority, became an inhabit- 
ant of Stonington, and, as he alleged, hired of Mr. Roger Plaisted the same land he had formerly 
purchased from James Babcock. In Sept., 1670, he complained to the County Court at New 
London, against Jonathan Armstrong, a Rhode Island man, "for unjust molestation and con- 
temptuous improving of the said Renold's land," &c. The Jury gave a verdict for the Plaintiff 
of X 14 and costs, — with liberty to the Defendant, of review at the next court. The Court in 
June, 1071, confirming the former verdict, Armstrong appealed co the Court of Assistant's, in Oc- 
tober following. [The files and copies of record, in this case, are in Priv. Controversies, I. 75-94.] 
The Court of Assistants reduced ihe damiges allowed to Reynolds to jEIO: 15: 6 ; from which 
judgment Arm.stroiig again appealed to the General Assembly. See page 175, post. 



COLONY OF CONNECTICUT. 167 

mittee for Rhod Island, according to commission granted to 
them by this Courte, which is to be signed by Capt" John 
Tallcott in the name of this Courte. Mr. Samuel Willys is 
chosen to be areserue. 

The Court orders that the letters read in Court, to the Mas- 
sachusets and Rhoad Island,* be signed by the Secretly, in 
the name of this Court, and sent to the respectiue Gouernors 
and Generall Courts or Councills of those Colonyes. 
[20] The commission of those that are to treat with Rohd 
Island is : — 

Know all men that by this Generall Assembly for his Mat'^s 
Colony of Connecticutt, sitting at Hartford, Octobr 12, 1671, 
Capfn John Allyn, Assist', Mr. James Richards, Assist', and 
Capt" Fitz-John Winthrop Esq"", or, in case of Prouidenciall 
hinderance to any one of those, Mr. Samuel Willys in his 
stead, are chosen and appoynted to be agents for this Colony 
of Conecticutt, fully impowered and authorized to treat and 
conclude of all matters and things in controuersy between 
this sayd Colony and Rhode Island respecting Patent 
Bownds and Gouernment, or matters of wrong and injury 
depending thereupon, together with soe many of Rhod Island 
soe authorized and appoynted to treat and conclude, for a 
finall issue therein betwixt us and them, whether by agree- 
ment amongst themselues or their mutuall refference of those 
matters unto such and soe many other Gent" of the Massa- 
chusetts and New Plimouth Colonyes as they and the Rhode 
Island agents shall mutually choose, sitting either at Reho- 
both or Boston, about the midle of Nouemb'' or midle of 
Aprill next; and in like maner are they impowered and au- 
thorized to setle and giue oath unto any officers within o"" 
Patent limits, orderly chosen. 

Whereas some Indians who haue lately or now doe in- 
habit w'^in the bownds of Milford haue made some com- 
playnt to this Court of some injury that they haue receiued 
from the English in burning their forte or at least (as they 
say,) in cutting it down, and they desireing that this Court 
would please seriously to consider their case and right them 
therein, and aUso appoynt them a place to build their forte 
upon, the Court haueing considered the premises doe judg it 

* A copy of this letter to Rhode Island, is in ' Col. Boundaries,' I. 89. See Appendix VI. 



168 PUBLIC RECORDS OF THE 

a matter worthy of serious consideration, and look upon 
themselues bownd to inquire into the same, and to beare wit- 
ness against such irregularities which may proue pfjudiciaU 
to the publique peace if connived at, and therefore doe desire 
the Deputy Goiierno'' and Assises of New Haven County 
speedily to examine the case, and if the complaint of the In- 
dians be made good, they are desired to doe the Indians jus- 
tice in the case, and beare due witness against such carriages; 
as allso to consider of and order some conuenient place for 
the Indians to buUd a forte upon for their security in this 
time of dificulty and danger amongst the Indians. And this 
Court doth judg it meet that the Milford Sachem should be 
allowed liberty [of] about twenty six men w^h their famalys 
of the Pawgussett Indians, for their farther securety till the 
troubles and warrs with the Indians be ouer. 

Whereas the Honed Major John Mason hath moued this 
Court that they would please to heare or appoynt a commit- 
tee to hear and determin a case wherein himselfe and Mr. 
Amos Richeson is concerned, by whom the Major conceiues 
himselfe much wrounged and defamed, It is therefore ordered 
by this Court, and this Court doth hereby nominate, appoynt 
and authorize the Gouerno"" and Assises in the county of 
Hartford, or any three of them, with the first oppertunity, to 
require the Major by himselfe or his attorney, and Mr. Amoss 
Richeson personally to appeare before them ; Mr. Richeson 
to make answer to what shall be objected against him by the 
said Major or his attourney ; and the afoarsayd Gent" are 
authorized to make a finall issue of the sayd matter so farr 
as it concernes the publique, and matter of fact shall appeare. 

This Court is adjourned till the Gouerno"" or deputy Gou- 
erno'' shall see cause to call it agayne. 



[21] A Court of Election held at Hartford, May 
THE 9th, 1672. 

These v)ere nominated for election : — John Winthrop Esq"", 
Wm. Lect Esq-", Mr. Samii Willys, Capt" Nathan Gold, 



COLONY OF CONNECTICUT. 169 

Capt" John Tallcott, Mr. Henry Woolcott, Mr. John Allyn, 
Mr. Wm. Joanes, Mr. Benj: Fenn, Mr. Alex: Bryant, Mr. 
James Richards, Mr. James Bishop, Mr. Antho: Howkins, 
Capt" Benj: Newbery, Capt" John Nash, L"* Wm. Curtice, 
Mr. Rob' Chapman, Capt" Dan^i Clarke, Capt" Thomas 
Topping, Mr. Wm. Hill, Mr. Edward Griswould. 
These were elected by the freemen : 

John Winthrop Esq"", Gouernot. sworn. 
Wm. Leete Esq"", Dept: Gouerno"". s. 

Assistants. 

Mr. Samuell Willys, Mr. Benj amen Fenn, 

Capt" Nathan Gold, Mr. Alexand^ Bryant, 

Capt" John Tallcott, Mr. James Richards, 

Mr. Henry Woolcott, Mr. James Bishop, 

Mr. John Allyn, Mr. Anth: Howkins, 

Mr. Wm Joanes, Capt" John Nash. 

Capt" John Tallcott, Treasurer. 

Mr. John Allyn, Secrefy. 
The freemen voted that the Generall Court should choose 
Commissioners for the Vnited Colonyes for the year en- 
sueing. 

The Deputies of the Court are, — 
For Hartford ; Mr. William Wadsworth, Mr. Richard Lord. 
For Windsor; Capt" Benj: Newbery, Deacon John Moore. 
For Wethersfeild ; Mr. Sam" Tallcott, Mr. James Treete. 
For Farmington ; Ens: Sam" Steele, John Wadsworth. 
For Haddum ; Mr. James Bates, Mr. Georg Gates. 
For Simsbury; John Griffin. 

For Middleton ; Ens: Nath: White, Mr. Wm. Cheeney. 
For New Haven ; Mr. Tho: Yeale, L"t Tho: Munson. 
For Millford ; Mr. George Clarke, Mr. Nicho: Campe. 
For Brandford ; Tho: Blachly, Michael Taynter. 
For Wallingford ; Mr. John Moss, Mr. John Bracket. 
For Guilford ; De: John Fowler, Ens: John Graue. 
For Kenilworth; Mr. Edw: Griswould, L^t Josi: Hull. 
For New London ; Mr. Edw: Palmes, Mr. Wm. Dowglas. 
For Say brook; L'lt Wm. Pratt, S: Wm. Parker. 
15 



170 



PUBLIC RECORDS OF THE 



For Norwich ; Ens: Tho: Tracy, S: Tho: Leffingwell. 
For Stonington ; Mr. Tho:»Stanton, Mr. Sam" Chessbrook. 
For Lyme ; Mr. Math: Griswould, L"' Wm. Waller. 
For Fayrefeild ; Mr, Jehu Burr, Mr. John Wheeler. 
For Stratford ; L"* Wm. Curtice, Mr. John Brinsraead. 
For Standford ; Mr. Richard Lawes, Mr. Jonath: Selleck. 
For Norwalke ; Mr. John Crregory, Dan" Kellog. 
For Rye ; Mr. John Bankes, Mr. Jos: Orton. 

This Court desires and appoyntes Mr. John Holly, L"' Jon- 
ath: Bell and John Green to veiwe the townshipp of Rye, 
and to consider what highwayes may be requisit and neces- 
sary for the use of the towne and Colony, and lay them out 
and see them recorded in the town book ; and if the said high- 
wayes shall fall in any man's perticuler proprietie, the sayd 
committee are hereby appoynted to order such person or per- 
sons reasonable sattisfaction for the same, which shall be al- 
lowed out of the comon lands within that township not all- 
ready layed out. And the sayd Gent" are desired to take 
care to lay out the highwayes so as may be least prejudicial! 
to the proprietors. 

The Deputy Gouernor and Mr. James Richards were cho- 
sen Commissioners for the Vnited Colonyes for the year en- 
sueing ; and Capt" Tallcott for a reserue. 

The Commissioners for the plantations for the yearensue- 
[22] ingare: Capt" Benjamen Newbery, for Windsor Sf Sims- 
hury; Capt" Sam" Wells, Mr. Sam" Tallcott, for Wethers- 
feild; Mr. Giles Hamlin, Ens: Nath: White, for Midleton 
Sf Haddum ; Mr. Rob' Chapman, L"' Wm. Pratt, for Saybrook 
Sf Lyme ; Ens: John Mason, for Norivick ; Mr. Edward Gris- 
would, for Kenilworth ; Mr. Edward Palmes, Mr. Dan. With- 
erly, for Nev) London; Mr. Tho: Stanton, Mr. Tho: Minor, 
for ^toncing-ton ; Mr. John Willford, for Brandford ; Mr. 
John Clark, for Milford; Mr. Sam" Sherman, L"' Wm. Cur- 
tice, for Strafford; Mr. W™ Hill, Mr. Jehu Burr, for Fayre- 
feild; L"^ Rich: Olmstecd, Mr. Tho: Fitch, for Norwalk; 
Mr. Rich<i Lawes, Mr. John Holly, for Standford^ Greenwich 
Sf Rye. Mr. John Moss and Mr. John Bracket, for Walling- 
ford. 



COLONY OF CONNECTICUT. 171 

Mr. Sam" Willys and Capt" John Tallcott are appoynted 
to assist in the keeping of the Court at New London, in June 
and Sept"" next. 

This Court appoynts Ens: Sam" Steele and Sarg' John 
Wadsworth to lay out to Deacon Thomas Judd his grant of 
land formerly granted to him by this Court, according to his 
grant. They are allso to lay out to Daniel Porter his grant 
of land, according to the grant of the Court. 

This Court appoynts Ens: White and Wm Cheeny to lay 
out to Mr. James Richards his grant of land granted to him 
by this Court, according to his grant.* 

Ens: Tracy is appoynted to joyne w^h Sargt Tho: Leffing- 
well in layeing out to the Major and Mr. Howkins their 
grants of land according to their grants. 

This Court appoynts Sarg' Hugh Wells and Wm. Cheeny 
to lay out to Mr. Willys his grant of land granted to him by 
this Court, according to his grant. 

This Court appoynts Mr. Georg Clark and Sarg* Daniel 
Buckingham to lay out to Mr. Fenn his grant of land grant- 
ed to him by this Court, according to his grant. 

This Court appoynts Sam^i Grant and John Porter to lay 
out to Capt" Newbery and Deacon John Moore their grants 
of land granted to them by this Court, according to their 
grants. 

This Court grants L^t Rob^ Webster three hundred acres 
of land prouided he take it up where it may not prejudice 
any former grant to any plantation or particuler person. 

This Court appoynts Mr. Fenn to administer the oath of 
a Magistrate to Mr. Bryant, and the Comi's oath to Mr. Clarke ; 
and Mr. Gold to administer the Commissioner's oath to Mr. 
Sherman and Mr. Hill. Mr. Lawes to administer the Comi^^ 
oath to Lnt Olmsteed, Mr. Fitch and Mr. Holly. The Dep- 
uty Gouerno'' to administer the Magistrate's oath to Capt. 
John Nash, and Com^s oath to Mr. John Willford. L"^ 
Pratt is desired to administer the Comi's oath to Mr. Rob^ 

* Three hundred acres laid out to Mr. Richards at Coginchaug (Durham,) adjoining Haddam 
west bounds, and extending to Middletown bounds, on the north, May 24th, 1672. [Recorded 
iu Col. Rec. of Lands, I. 414.] 



172 PUBLIC RECORDS OF THE 

Chapman ; Mr. Tallcottto administer the Conies oath to Mr 
Wells ; and Mr. White to administer the Commissioner's 
oath to Mr. Hamlin. 

Jeremy Adams payes for Stoneington petition, tenn shil- 
lings. Mr. Bryant payes for Mrs. Blackman's petition, tenn 
shillings. Anthony Hoskins payes for a petition, tenn shil- 
lings. 

Mr. Samii Marshall payes for Windsor 2^ petition, tenn 
shillings : — 

The Court answers this petition thus, — and it is conde- 
cended to by Capt" Newbery and Deacon Moore, — that if 
Windsor plantation at their next towne meeting, by vnani- 
[23] mous or major vote of the inhabitants of Windsor, || will 
release their township right in the lands on the east side of 
Conecticutt Riuer that are within their bownds, to make a 
distinct plantation on that side the Riuer, then the sayd 
Capt" Newbery and Deacon Moore engage to release their 
perticuler grants, for the accomadateing of the sayd planta- 
tion ; prouided the plantation be confirmed a plantation by 
this Court allso, October next, and they haue their proportion 
therein.* 

This Court confirmes Mr. John Chester, L"' for Wethers- 
feild Trayn Band. 

This Court confirmes Nath: Merryman Senr, Liuetenant 
of Wallingford Trayn Band. 

This Court haueing heard the petition of the people of 
Mistick, and considered the same, are very sencible of those 
difficulties mentioned, in their remoatness from the place of 
publique worship, and shall be ready to contriue their eas- 
ment as much as may be; but considering their present con- 
dition as it is circumstanced, the Court sees it not for their 
proffit to grant their request, but doe aduise them with their 
neighbours to goe on in a vnanimous way in prouideing for 



• On learning thnt the General Assemlily had granted a considerable tract of land on the east 
aide of Connecticut River, within Windsor bounds, to Capt. neiij. Newbery, Deacon John 
Moore and others, the inhabitants of Windsor petitioned the General Assembly for a hparini; at 
this gession, or a postponement of the establishment of the grant until an opportunity should b» 
sfTorded the town to present reasons against its confirmation, — "those lands being part of 
y'' purchase belonging to Windsor." [.See tlie Windsor Petition, in T. & Lands, I. 130.] 



COLONY OF CONNECTICUT. 173 

and building a place for the publique worship of God, ac- 
cording to their agreement. 

Whereas the Generall Assembly of Rhode Island, May l^*, 
1672, haue propownded to us their purpose of a treaty with 
us, to the end that an amicable complyance and composure 
of the differences between them and ourselues may be at- 
tayned, this Court therefore haue thought meet and doe 
herby nominate and appoynt Mr. Sam'^ Willys, Capt^ John 
Tallcott, Mr. James Richards, Capt" John Winthrop and the 
Secretary, or any three of them, to be a committee in behalfe 
of this Court to meet wt^ such Gent" as shall be appoynted 
and commissionated by the Honr*! Gen'i Court of Rohd Isl- 
and to treat with them, issue and conclude all matters and 
controuersies as are depending between ourselues and the 
Gouerment of Rhode Island respecting the bownds and lim- 
itts of our Charter or any controuersy that hath arisen there- 
upon. And what shall be determined and mutually agreed 
upon between our sayd Committee and the Committee of 
Rhode Island, and giuen under their hands and seals, this 
Court doth hereby engage to rattify and confirm the same, 
prouided such issue be effected between this and the last of 
June next. 

It is allso ordered that in case the Gent" of Rhoad Island 
shall fayle of treating with us, or the treaty fayle of obtayne- 
ing a good agreement and setlement of those differences, this 
Court doth appoynt and authorize Mr. Sam'i Willys, Capti^ 
John Tallcott and Capt« John Winthrop to goe into the 
Narrogancet Country. And the sayd Gent" are by this 
Court appoynted and impowered to giue oath to such as 
they shall judge qualify ed to be freemen of this corporation, 
and to nominate, appoynt and administer the oath to three, 
fower or six suitable persons to be Commissioners within the 
towne of Wickford, and two constables ; and to impower 
them with a priuiledge of keeping a Court for the tryall of 
any action vnder the value of twenty pownd ; allwayes pro- 
uided Mr. Richard Smith be president, (or Capt" Hutchinson 
in Mr. Smith's absence,) of euery such court, and that such 
actions be tryed by a Jury according to lawe, and records 
15* 



174 PUBLIC RECORDS OF THE 

made of all such tryalls ; till the Court take farther order. 
They are allso impowered to administer the oath of fidelity to 
such inhabitants as they shall see cause. 

This Court desires and appoynts James Steele, Hugh 
"Wells, \v"i Ensigne White, w'^in the space of two moneths 
to goe to Lyme, and in the most indifferent place by Conect- 
icutt Riuer, they are to take their rise and to measure fiue 
miles eastward ; as allso they are to take the most indifferent 
place by Pequit River and to measure fower miles westward; 
and allso measure how much it is between the fiue mile and 
the fower miles ; and make a true report how they find mat- 
ters, to this Court in October next. And till October next, 
the inhabitants of Lyme and the Indians shall not be mo- 
lested in their improuements of the land at Black Poynt. 

It is condesended to by Lyme Deputies in behalfe of their 
towne, that Joshua the sachem of Niantick shall haue layd 
out to him a sufficiency of upland to plant both for himselfe 
and men from time to time, which land is adjoyneing to the 
north side of Eight Mile Riuer, they secureing their land and 
corn so that cattell and swine may not damnify them ; and 
when they haue worne it out, that they leaue it to Lyme, and 
allso doe as an acknowledgment deliuer a wolfe's head euery 
yeare to the townesmen of Lyme.* This grant is confirmed 
by the Court accordingly. 

This Court grants to Ens: Samuel Steele and Sargt John 
Wadsworth, two hundred acres of land apeice, prouided they 
take it up where it may not prejudice any former grant to 
any plantation or perticuler person. 

[24] This Court desires and appoynts Ln* Olmsteed, Mr. 
John Holly, Jonathan Lockwood and L"* Joseph Orton, a 
committee to measure on an east northeast lyne from Mam- 
orenack Riuer to the west bownds of Fayrefeild, and to make 
report to this Court in October next, the distance twixt the 
sayd places and the quantitie of miles belonging to each of 
those plantations. This to be don at the charge of the townes 
of Norwalke, Standford, Greenwich & Rye. 

♦Seepage 157, ante. 



COLONY OF CONNECTICUT. 175 

This Court haueing considered the case and complaynt 
p'sented to them by Jonathan Armstrong on the one part 
and the towne of Stoneington on the other part, doe declare 
as an issue to those matters that they find it too apparant 
that the sayd Armestrongas well as others of those people of 
Squamacvik, haue been troublesom, injurious and prouoaking 
to this Colony ; and their setlement and manageing there is 
no other but an intrusion and so very offensiue, which might 
call for severity ; yet seeing the Gent" of Stoneington haue 
tendered a surrendry of the mare thatwas by execution taken 
from Armstrong, the Court see at present no cause to make 
further scruteny in that matter, the sayd Armstrong haueing 
neglected to take the benefitt of a review or appeale before 
execution was granted against him.* 

This Court grants Wallingford to extend their bownds to 
the westward of their former grant, two miles, their whole 
bredth, prouided this grant shall not prejudice any grant made 
by this Court to any person or persons formerly of any part 
of that tract of land. 

This Court by their vote determined that Midleton bownds 
shall extend from their meeting house to the north, till it 
meet with Wethersfeild bownds, and to runn the whole 
bredth westward fine miles from their north and sowth lyne ; 
desireing them that the Marshall be not disturbed in the im- 
prouement of his right though it fall within their bownds. 

Propownded for Freemen : — Thomas Sherwood Sen'', 
Thomas Squire, George Squire Jun"", John Bennit, Thomas 
Sherwington, Wm. Lord Juni", Thomas Lord, John Drake 
Jun"", Joseph Persons, Josiah Clark, Sam'i Willcox, James 
Hilier, Andrew Hilier; — Brandford, Samuel Pond, Eleazer 
Stent, Peter Tyler, John Adams, Sam" Bradford, John Friz- 
bey, John Large ; — of Killingioorth, John Hurlbutt, Jacob 
Walker. 

This Court grants that Farmington bownds shall be en- 
larged from Hartford bownds to the westward, till it extends 
towards the west eleuen miles, from whence they are to runn 
their bownds north and south. 

* See page 166, ante. 



176 PUBLIC RECORDS OF THE 

Whereas Rich^ Olmsteed, Thomas Benedict, Thomas 
Betts, Walter Hoyte, John Rusco, Daniel Kellog, Nath: 
Hayes, Mathew Maruin Jun'', Edward Nash, Mark Sension, 
Thomas Seimor, Sam^' Hayes, Tho: Taylor, Henry Whitney, 
haue giuen in their names for the begining of a plantation 
neare the backside of Norwalke, and by their deputies desired 
the countenance of the Court therein, — The Court haueing 
considered the same doe see cause to nominate Mr. Rich"^ 
Lawes, Mr. Tho: Fitch, L^t Richard Olmsteed, Mr. John 
Burr and Mr. Wm. Curtice to be a committee to veiw the 
place moued for to make a plantation, and to order the plant- 
ing thereof, and to entertein inhabitants to joyne with the 
afoarnamed people of NorwaDce, in the planting the afoar- 
sayd plantation. 

This Court granted to the County Townes of Fayrefeild 
and New London the sume of six hundred acres of land 
apeice to each of those County Townes, to be taken up where 
it may not prejudice any former grant; which sayd land 
shall be and belong to the said County Townes for euer, to 
be improued in the best manner that may be for the benefitt 
of a grammer schoole in the sayd County Townes, and to no 
other use or end whatsocuer. 

There is allso granted to the County Townes of New Ha- 
ven and Hartford, to each of them, six hundred acres of land, 
upon the same tearmes and to the same use with the other 
County Townes. 

[25] This Court by their vote granted that all those Depu- 
ties that haue attended this Court hitherto shall be alowed 
tenn shillings a peice towards their expences vpon their exter- 
ordinary attendance to veiw the Lawes ; to be payd for them 
to Jeremy Adams or Jonath: Gilbert, or to themselues in 
theire ownc townes. 

This Court by their vote ordered that Thomas Rood, now 
in durance, shall be returned to the County Court at New- 
London, next June, there to be examined concerning that 
accusation is layd to his charge ; and if it appear that the 
sayd Rood be guilty of incest, then they are to return him to 
the prison, to be secured for a tryall at the next Court of As- 



COLONY OF CONNECTICUT. 177 

• sistants ; but if it doe not appeare, then they are to proceed 

according to law to a jayle deliuery.* 

Mr. AUyn, Mr. Bishop, Mr. Lord and Mr. Camp are ap- 
poynted to audit the Treasurer's accompts. 

This Court recommends it to the towne of Guilford and 
their inhabitants on the east end neere Homonoscitt. to con- 
sult w'h their neighbours of Kenilworth what may be most 
aduantageious to the publique good in refference to those 
people of the east end, their contribution to the ministry of 
Kellingworth ; and to agree upon what may be most conue- 
nient ; and to labour to settle that matter in the most amica- 
ble way for the generall good, between this and the Court in 
October next ; and to make return thereof to the sayd Court. 
And this Court requesteth the Dept Gouerno"" to lend his as- 
sistance to help compose the matter in question in the most 
suitable way that may be. 

The Court voted that the letters read in Court to be sent 
to the people of Squamacuck, and that to the Gouernment 
of Rhode Island, should be signed by the Secret'"y in the 
name of the Court, and sent to the sayd Gouerment of 
Rhoade Island and people of Squamacuck. 

This Court grants Mr. Sarn^i Sherman, L"' Wm. Curtice, 
Ens: Joseph Judson and John Minor themselues and asso- 
ciates liberty to errect a plantation at Pomperoage,f prouided 
it doth not prejudice any former grant to any other planta- 
tion or perticuler person ; prouided any other honest inhab- 
itants of Stratford haue liberty to joyne with them in setleing 
there, and that they entertein so many inhabitants as the 
place will conueniently interteine, and that they setle there 
within the space of three yeares. 

The Court accepted those nominated for freemen. May 
and Octob"" last, and order the Assistants or Commissioners 
in the respectiue townes to administer the freemen's oath to 
them. 

This Court requests the Gouerno"" to signe the letter sent 
to the Massachusets, in the name of the Court. 

* See page 184, post ; and note. 

t Pomperoage, (or Paumperaug,) named Woodbury, May, 1674. 



178 



PUBLIC RECORDS OF THE 



This Court grants Mr. John Wheeler one hundred acres of 
land, prouided he take it up where it may not prejudice any 
plantation or any former grant to any perticuler person. 

This Court appoynts L"' Rob* Webster and Nath: Standly 
to veiw the land that some of Windsor inhabitants doe de- 
sire may be reserued for a plantation on the east of their 
town bownds, and make reporte thereof to the Court at their 
next session. 

This Court appoynts Nath: Willett and Caleb Standly to 
lay out to the Secretary the grant of land that the Court for- 
merly granted him near his saw mill on the east side Con- 
ecticutt Riuer.* 

Mr. Thomas Stanton's Commission — 

Mr. Thomas Stanton, you are to take two or three men 
with you, and (except you receiue order to the contrary from 
the Assistants,) you are to repayre to Ninicraftf and declare 
to him from this Court that they being informed that an In- 
dian called Mowweam whoe was here in prison, J being ac- 
cused of murdering of a Pequet squaw, is escaped and fled 
to Narrogancett, and abides there amongst his people ; 
whereupon you are sent to know whether he will deliuer him, 
that he may be brought to tryall for the same, or whether he 

* Laid oul to Sec. Allyn, Mar. 19th, 1 672-3, " a neck of land abiiuing on the Saw-Mill River 
commonly called Hoccanum']Uiver, towards the south and towards the east," &c., containing 80 
acres; and. 20 acres, "on the Saw Mill river on the south and on a brook running in Sparr 
Mill swamp towards the west," &c. Recorded in Col. Rec. Lands, I. 275. 

t Ninicraft (or Ninigrel.) sachein of the eistern Ninnlics. 

X Moweam (i>ir., Moween ) a Niantic Indian, was sent by the Commissioners fif Stonington, 
Dec. 167J. to Hartford for trial, charged with Iiaviiig murdered a Pequot girl, the daughter of 
Yoghaton. (nnc of (lermon Garrett's hand.) The murder was commuted at Ciuaquataug, with- 
in the bounds of Stonington. Moween was committed to prison at Hartford, thi're to remain 
until his tri.il by the Court of Assistants, in May, following. [Crimes & Misdemeanors, 
Vol. I Dnc. 50-5:J : Ri!C. Co. of Assists, p 10.] 

A letter from 'J'honias Stanton and Thomas Minor to the Court of Assistants, (dated Jan. 19, 
1071-2.) respecting this murder, coniains some particiil.irs of the seizure of the English girls at 
Wethersfield. by the I'cquots, in April. 1637. One of Kcrmon Garrett's Pequots named Woo- 
dowquinonioii (m?-., Odonqurniinen ) had been charged witli the murder for which Moween was 
imprisoned. The commissioners write that they find no proof against this Odonqiienimen, 
" onlie as I am informed, [he] was with the Peqiiates when ihay did the massacre in Wethers- 
field meadow where thaye tnock .3 Inglii^h maydens : 2 thaye carried with them ; the other was 
left by the river side and Odoqiieniiiiin deman.lcd of his felows, where the otiier mayd was I 
thay answered liim. Wee have left her the other sid the River : said hec, I will goe over and kill 
her. So he did. as is reported. I bring this passage," adds Mr. Stanton, "to show you how 
thaye delite in blond tt cruclltyc, and tbo his felowcs had spared the mayd yet he would not." 
[Cr. & Misd , L 53.] 



COLONY OF CONNECTICUT. 179 

will refuse so to doe and doe justice himselfe upon him. 
And you are to giue him to understand that it will be well 
taken if he shall farther justice herein, and ill taken if he shall 
hinder or refuse; expresseing yourselfe in those matters with 
such prudence and clearness as may best evince to him the 
necessity of his readines to promoat the execution of justice 
in a case of murther, which seemes to be so cleare to those 
who haue inquired into it. 

The order about a Fast and the occasions thereof is upon 
file. 

An answer to Benjamen Blackman's petition : — Whereas 
there haue been severall suits depending between Mrs. ; Jane 
Blackman and Mr. Benjamen Blackman, and Mr. Jacob 
Walker as administrator to the estate of Samuel Blackman, 
which controuersies and suits haue arisen about bookes and 
land which formerly did belong or at least was improued by 
Mr. Sam'i Blackman, of Stratford, and now are claymed by 
Mrs. Jane & Benjamen Blackman ;* the whole of all contro- 
versies arrisen about the sayd land and bookes, or any other 
[26] thing to this day, is by the said Mrs. Jane || and Mr. 
Benjamin Blackman, of the one part, and Mr. Jacob Walker, 
of the other part, so farr as their respectiue rights are any way 
concerned, refered to the consideration, issue and determina- 
tion of Capfn John Nash, Capt" Robert Treat and Mr. John 
Burr ; and what they or any two of them shall declare as 
their issue, under their hands and seales, all three being pres- 
ent, the sayd Jane Blackman, by her attourney, and Mr. Ben- 
jamen Blackman and Jacob Walker doe bind themselues, 
executors and administrators, in the suiiie of two hundred 
pownd, to rest sattisfyed therewith, upon the penalty of for- 
feiting the afoarsayd summe to the parties that shall stand 
and abide by the awarde. This acknowledged in Court by 
Francis Hall, Mrs. Jane Blackman's attourney, and Mr. Ben- 
jamen Blackman and Mr. Jacob Wallver, and approued by 
the Court. 

This Court left it with the Gouerno"" and Assistants here 
to make a law for Adultery, and for burning a dwelling 
howse ; and allso to make a preface to the Booke of Lawes. 

* See Rec. of Co. of Assistants, p. 10. 



180 



PUBLIC RECORDS OF THE 



The Court is adjourned till the Gouerno'' or Deputy Gou- 
ernc shall see cause to call them agayrie. 



At an adjourned Court held at Hartford, June 

26, 1672.* 

John Winthrop Esq^, Gouernour. 

Wm Leete Esq'', Dep'^ Gouernc. 

Mr. Samii Willys, John Allyn, Secrefy. 

Capt. John Tallcott, Mr. James Richards, 

Mr. Henry Woolcott, Mr. Antho: Howkins. 

Mr. Wm Joanes, 

Deputies. 
For Hartford; Mr. Wm. Wadsworth, Mr. Rich'' Lord. 
For Windsor; Capt" Benj: Newbery, Deacon John Moore. 
For New London; Mr. Edward Palmes. 
For Fayrefeild ; Mr. Jehu Burr, Mr. John Wheeler. 
For New Hauen; Mr. Tho: Yeale, L"* Tho: Munson. 
For Wethersfeild; Mr. Samii Tallcott, Mr. James Treat. 
For Saybrooke; L"' Wm. Pratt, Sarg' Wm. Parker. 
For Millford ; Mr. Nicho: Camp. 

For Stratford ; L"* Wm. Curtice, Mr. John Brinsmead. 
For Norwalke ; John Gregory. 

For Midleton ; Ens: Nath: White, Mr. Wm. Cheeny. 
For Haddum ; Mr. James Bates, Mr. Georg Gates. 
For Norwich ; Sarg* Tho: Leffingwell. 
For Guilford ; Deacon John Fowler, Ens: John Graue. 
For Kenilworth ; L"' Jos: Hull. 
For Brandford ; Michael Tayntor. 
For Rye ; Mr. John Bancks. 

• A letter from the King (April 3d, 1672,) announced his declarationof war against the 
States Cenoral, and counselled the New England colonies to make speedy and effectual provis- 
ion for their defence against the Dutch. Upon the receipt of this letter, by Gov. Winthrop, (to 
whom it had bceti forwarded by the Governor of Ma.ssacliusetts, June 2d,) a special session of 
the General Court appears to have been forthwith convened. [See the King's letter, in Appen- 
dix, No. XIII, — from For. Correspondence, Vol. I. Doc. 7.] 



COLONY OF CONNECTICUT. 181 

This Court desire and appoynt L"' Wm. Pratt and Sarg' 
Wm. Parker to take an acco' of what amunition or artilery, 
great or smale, that belongs to the Colony or county of Hart- 
ford, that is now at Saybrooke, and make return thereof to 
the Treasurer the next opportunety, whoe is to order the se- 
cureing thereof as he shall judg most suitable. 

This Court confirmes Wm. Curtice, Captain, and Joseph 
Judson, Liutenant, and Steuen Burrett, Ensigne, of the 
Traine Band of Stratford. 

This Court confirmes Mr. John Mason, Liuetenant, and 
Thomas Leifingwell, Ensigne, of the Traine Band of Nor- 
wich. 

This Court upon speciall occasion have thought good and 
doe hereby order that the cheife military officers in each 
plantation doe forthwith take speciall care that the armes of 
their plantation and the seuerall soldiers thereof, be veiwed 
and set in sufficient repayre, well fixed and fitted for seruice ; 
and that euery person be furnished with amunition according 
to law; as allso the townesmen in the respectiue plantations 
are hereby required forthwith to take speciall care that the 
plantations be furnished with amunition, according as the 
law prouides ; and what defects appeares in either, they are 
to be returned to the next Assistant or Com'", and if those 
defects are not speedily supplyed, the Assises or Com^^ are 
hereby ordered to see the lawe duely executed upon such as 
shall be found delinquents, by granting distress according to 
lawe. 

This Court alowes and approues of the Articles of Confed- 
eration, as they are agreed and concluded upon by o"" Com- 
missioners and the Commissioners of the Massachusetts, at 
Boston, May last ; and doe impower the Commissioners 
chosen by this Court to sign the sayd Artickles in the name 
of this Court.* 

This Court appoynts Mr. Sam^^ Willys and the Secretly 
to examine the Marshall's acco^^^ and what appeares to be 

* See note on page 154, ante ; Hazard's St. Papers, 11. 521. , 

16 



182 



PUBLIC RECORDS OF THE 



due to him from the country, to order the payment of the 
same out of the publique Treasury. 

[27] This Court orders and appoynts Capt" Nathan Gold 
and Mr. Tho: Fitch to list svich suitable persons of their 
county as they shall judg meet for the same and are willing 
to be troopers, to the number of forty fower ; which troopers 
so listed shall haue power to make choyse of their officers ; 
and the troopers so listed, with their officers chosen as afoar- 
sayd, shall be presented to the court in October next. 

This Court appoynts and desires Capt" Nash and Capt^ 
Topping to list such suitable persons of their county as they 
shall judg meet for the same and are willing to be troopers, 
to the number of forty ; which troopers so listed shall haue 
power to make choyse of their officers ; and the troopers so 
listed, with their officers chosen as afoarsayd, shall be pre- 
sented to the Court, October next. 

This Court desires and appoynts Mr. Edward Palmes and 
L"t John Mason to list such suitable persons in their county 
as they shall judg meet for the same and are willing to be 
troopers, to the number of forty ; which troopers so listed 
shall haue power to make choyse of their officers ; and the 
troopers so listed, with their officers chosen as afoarsayd, shall 
be presented to the Court, October next. 

The Gouernors occasions calling him forth of this Colony 
about the time of the meeting of the Commissioners in Sep- 
tember next, this Court lookes at it as inconuenient in this 
juncture of time that the Gouerno'' and Deputy Gouerno*" 
should be both absent at the same time, and therefore request 
andimpower the Gouernof to attend as Commissioner in the 
roome of the Deputy Gouerno'' at the next meeting in Pli- 
mouth. 

Ensigne Jarrad Spencer is propownded for a freeman. 

Whereas this Court appoynted a Committee for the well 
ordering of the Militite in case of any suddayn exigence, July 
6'h, '05, some of the seuerall committees being rcmoued by 
death or otherwise, for the supply of such defects, it is now 
ordered by this Court that Mr. Edward Palmes shall supply 
Major John Mason's place, Mr. Wm. Joanes to supply Mr. 



COLONY OF CONNECTICUT. 183 

Crane's absence, and Capt" Wm. Curtice to serue in Mr. 
Campfeild's roome; which committee, with the supply aboue 
named, are fully impowered upon any suddayn exigence to 
order and dispose of the Militia in the best way they can to 
defend themselues from the assault of any enemie, and in 
assisting any of the neighboi's as occasion may require. And 
in case any forces should be drawn from one county into 
another, it is by this Court ordered that the cheife millitary 
officer of that county where the forces are shall command in 
cheife all the forces in that county that belong to their county 
or that com from other countyes to their releife. And it is 
hereby declared that till farther order be taken, Capt" Nathan 
Gold shall be deemed cheife millitary officer of the county of 
Fayrefield, and Capt" Wm. Curtice, his second ; and Capfi 
John Nash for New Hauen county, and Capt" Treat, his 
second ; and Capt" John Winthrop for the county of New 
London, and L"* James Auery, his second; and Capt" John 
Tallcott for the county of Hartford, and Capt" Benjamen 
Newbery, his second. And in case of any defect or absence 
of any of the parties before mentioned, the Committee of the 
Millitiae in the seuerall countyes are impowered to nominate 
and commissionate a meet person to supply the defect. 



A Generall Court held at Hartford, October 10*^, 

1672. 

Wm. Leete Esqu"", Dep* Gouerno"". 
Mr. Sam'' Willys, Mr. James Richards, 

Capt" John Tallcott, Mr. James Bishop, 

Mr. John Allyn, Sec^y^ Mr. Anth: Howkins. 

Mr. Wm. Joanes, 

Deputies. 
For Hartford; Mr. Wm. Wadsworth, Ens: Nicho: Olmsteed; 
For Windsor; Capt" Benj: Newbery, Deacon Jn^ Moore; 
For Wethersfield ; Mr. Sam" Tallcott, Mr. John Deming ; 
For New Haven; L"' Tho: Munson, Mr. Jeremy Osborn ; 
For Fayrfeild ; Mr. John Wheeler ; 



184 



PUBLIC RECORDS OF THE 



For Millford; Mr. Nicholas Camp, L"t Wm. Fowler; 

For Lyme ; ]\Ir. Mathew Griswould, Mr, Reinold Maruin ; 

For Farraington; Ens: Samii Steel, Sargt Jn" Wadsworth ; 

For Midleton ; Mr. Sam" Collins, Mr. Wm. Cheeny ; 

For Haddam ; Mr. James Bates, Mr. Georg Gates; 

For Brandford ; Mr. John Wilford, Mr. Tho: Blachley ; 

For Norwich; Mr. John Mason, Ens: Tho: Leffingwell; 

For Stratford; Capt" Wm. Curtice, Mr. John Brinsmead; 

For Norwalke ; Nicholas Hoyte, Marke Sension ; 

For Kenilworth; Mr. Edward Griswold, L^t Jos: Hull; 

For Guilford ; Deacon Jn^ Fowler, Ens: Jn^ Graue ; 

For Stonington; Mr. Tho: Stanton, Mr. Tho: Minor; 

For Rye ; Mr. John Bankes ; 

For Walingford ; Mr. John Moss, Mr. Abram Doelitle. 

[28] The Deputy Gouerno'' and Assistants desired the ad- 
uice of the Generall Court concerning Incest,* whether the 
law of this Colony that orders in defect of a lawe we should 
haue recourse to the word of God for o'' lawe, and seeing the 
word of God doth anex death to be the penalty of Incest, 
whether such person or persons that haue comitted that sin 
ought not to be put to death, the Court haueing considered 
the case declared their judgments to be that such persons as 
are proued to be guilty of Incest, they ought by the lawe of 
God and o"" lawes as now they stand to be put to death. 

Octobr lltii. Obadiah AUyn was propownded for a free- 
man, and John Porter Jun"" and Joseph Felps and John Par- 
ents and John Hill of Guilford. 

This Court by their vote declared that they sawe no cause 
to put a stop to Deacon Moore and Captain Newbery's take- 

• Thomas and Sarah Rood were tried at the Court of Assistants at Hartford, October 8th, 
1672, on a charge of incest. Both [ilead guilty to the indictment. Thomas Rood was sentenced 
to be executed on the 1 8th inst ; his daupliter, to be severely whipt, " that others may heare an 
feare.'" The Colony Laws made no special provision for the punishment of incest ; and thia 
appears to liave been the first instance of a prosecution for that crime, within the Colony. 
The Court of Assistants in June, 1072, submitted to several of the neighboring ministers, tho 
query whether a person guilty of the crime charged against the prisoner ought to be put to 
death ■? The reply, signed by Rev. Messrs. Whiting, Bulkeley, Haynes and Collins, was in 
the affirmative ; and doubtless served to remove any scruples the Court may have previously 
entertained. [Rec. of Court of Assist'a, L 11-13, IS ; Ecclesiastical Papers, (. 39.] 



COLONY OF CONNECTICUT. 185 

ing up their grants of land at the place they desire to take it 
up, on the east side of Windsor bownds. 

Whereas Mr. Joseph Fitch, Corporall Samii Marshall and 
Jacob Drake, by the appoyntment of the towne of Windsor, 
Sept"" 9t'i, 1672, moved this Court to grant them some en- 
largement on the east side the River of Conecticutt, by 
reason of a purchass they haue made of the Indians, they 
haueing an eye that in conuenient time it may be fitt for a 
plantation, — This Court upon the sayd motion, for the in- 
couragement of such as shall plant there, grant the bownds 
of Winsor shall extend eastward fiue miles from their former 
bownds, prouided all former grants made of any parts of those 
lands are excepted in this grant. 

Octob'' 12. Whereas this Court at their last session in 
May, granted that the inhabitants of Lyme and the Indians 
should not be molested in their improuement of the land at 
Black Poynt, they doe now order the continuance of that 
grant to the inhabitants of Lyme and the Indians till this 
matter is fully and determinatively issued, which is to be 
attended in May Court next. 

This Court doth grant unto James Steel, Nath: White and 
Hugh Wells, for their seruice in runing the lyne between 
New London and Lyme, six pownds fifteen shillings, to be 
payd to them out of the publique Treasury ; and the Treas- 
urer is ordered to ad to the Country Rates of the towne of 
New London, three pownds fifteen shillings, and Lyme, three 
pownds, for the payment of the six pownds fifteen shillings 
into the publique Treasury agayn. And Lyme is to pay the 
fifteen shillings to the Ferry and Mr. West. 

The Court is adjourned to the 14'ii of this month. 

Octob-- 14ti\ 

The List of Estates of the seuerall townes are, — 

£ s. d. £ s. d. 

Hartford,* 16836: 10: Wethersfeild, 11609: 11: 

Windsor, 13030: 00: Farmington, 06333: 00: 

* The word?, " persons and estates are," are repeated after the name of each town, in the 
original record. 

16* 



186 



PUBLIC RECORDS OF THE 



New Haven, 

Saybrook, 

Stratford, 

Guilford, 

Norwich, 

Brandford, 

New London, 

Rye, 

Milford, 



13017: 00: 
04837: 12: 
09441: 13: 
06076: 10: 
04308: 18: 
02427: 00: 
08982: 00: 
02031: 00: 
09728: 02: 



Lyme, 

Stoneington, 

Kenilworth, 

Haddum, 

Norwalk, 

Fayrefeild, 

Greenwich, 

Standford, 

Midleton, 



02426: 10: 

06404: 05: 

02384: 00: 

01979: 19: 

04920: 00: 

10209: 00: 

01162: 00: 

04766: 19: 

04456: 10: 



This Court appoynts Mr. James Bishop, Mr. Edward Gris- 
would and Sargt John Wadsworth to be a committee to 
heare what shall be presented to them by L"*^ Fyler and John 
Hosford in refference to the appeale L"' Fyler hath made to 
this Court, and make report how they find matters, to this 
Court. 

Capt" Clark hath liberty to list any in Windsor whoe he 
shall judg suitable and sufficient for to be troopers that are 
not of the Traine Band at present. 

[29] Mr. Edward Palmes and L^t John Mason haueing pre- 
sented a list of the names of such as are willing to be Troop- 
ers in the county of New London, this Court doe accept of 
them, and confirm Mr. Edward Palmes Capt" of the sayd 
Troope, and Mr. Joshua Raymond, Cornett; and as for the 
Liutenant, he being often absent at sea, though otherwise 
well qualyfyed, and the Court judging it most suitable to 
haue the commission officers in seuerall plantations, he is not 
at present established: but this Court doe recommend it to 
the Captain to gather his Troope together and see that they 
are well fitted and fixed for seruice, according to lawe. 

Octob'' 15. This Court granted a rate of a penny farthen 
upon the pownd, upon all the rateable estate of the Colony. 

This Court appoynts Mr. James Richards, Mr. Jamea 
Bishop, Capt" Benjamen Newbery and the Secreti^y, to audit 
the Treasurer's accompts. 

This Court grants the Deputy Gouerno"" for a salary for 
this year, the summe of thirty pownds, to be payd out of the 
publique Treasurie. 

This Court appoynts James Steele and Nathaniel Willett 



COLONY OF CONNECTICUT. 187 

to lay out to Corporall John Gilbert his grant of land, accord- 
ing to his grant.* 

This Court grants that the bownds of the towne of Hart- 
ford shall extend to the eastward of their present bownds> 
fiue miles, for the encouragment of people to plant there, 
prouided all former grants are excepted in this grant. 

This Court grants that the bownds of the towne of Weath- 
ersfeild shall extend to the eastward of their present bownds, 
fiue miles, for the encouragment of people to plant there, 
prouided all former grants are excepted in this grant. 

This Court grants Mr. Wm. Hill of Fayrefeild one hun- 
dred and fifty acres of land, for a farme. 

This Court grants Mr. John Whiting two hundred acres 
of land for a farme. 

This Court grants Mr. James Steele one hundred and 
fifty acres of land, for a farme. 

This Court adds to Thomas Bunce's former grant, fifty 
acres of land more. 

This Court grants John Bancks one hundred acres of 
land. 

Prouided these grants be taken up where they may not 
prejudice any former grant made to any plantation or pertic- 
uler person. 

This Court order that Mr. Birdf and those of Rye that 
haue impropriated the lands of Rye to themselues shall ap- 
peare at the Generall Court in May next, to make appeare 
their right, for then the Court intends to setle those lands 
according to righteousness, that so a plantation may be en- 
couraged, and plantation worke may go forw-ard to better 
sattisfaction then formerly. 

Octobr 16. This Court appoynts Ens: Tho: Leffingwell 
and Mr. Tho: Tracey to lay out to Mr. Playnes his children, 
the grant of land granted to them, according to their grant, 

•Two hundred acres laid out, March, 1G73, to Corp. John Gilbert, " on the east side of the 
great River, about two miles eastwardly from Mr. Crowe's saw null, upon a brook called Hopp 
Btook." Recorded in Col. Rec. of Lands, I. 425. 

t John Budd. See note on page 9(5, ante. 



188 



PUBLIC RECORDS OF THE 



at a place near Mr. Stanton's Farme, on the east side of 
Pawcatuck Riuer.* 

This Court doth nominate and appoynt Captn John Tall- 
cott to take such aydc and assistance as the Court shall ap- 
poynt, well prouided, fixed and fitted for seruice, to goe to 
Narragancett and to demand and take he that hath murthered 
the Pequit girle, according to his commissions and instruc- 
tions as he shall receiue from this Court. 

The Deputy Gouernor and Mr. Richards are by this Court 
desired and appoynted to draw a commission for Capt» Tall- 
cott. 

The Court accepts of Mr. Crandall and Mr. Sanders' word 
for tenn shillings, for their petition p^sented to the Court. 

The petition of Mr. John Crandall and Mr. Tobias San- 
ders, in behalfe of themselues and the rest,| being publiquely 
read in Court and duely considered, the Court doe see cause 
to return this answer ; that they haue formerly made a grant 
to Stonington of those lands, or at least a great part of them, 
that they shall belong to the township of Stoneington, and 
therefore they cannot be yea and nay in their grants ; and 
so there is no roome to grant the petitioners to be a planta- 
tion ; yet if they shall see cause to contiiiue their habitations 
in Stoneington, this Court doth expect from them that they 
shall carry it peaceably and yeild due obedience to the lawes 
here established. As to the fines they petition a release 
of, this Court so farr grants their petition as to remitt to them 
all fines imposed upon them by the Court of Assistants or 
Generall Court, hopeing their lenity and goodness herein 
will oblige them to a chccrfull obedience for the future. And 
to the last perticular in their petition, this Court so farr grants 
them their petition that they release them from the Country 
Rate this year, but not from town or minister's rates and dues. 

• Of this grant, of JOOO acres, 538 acres were laid out, June lOtli, 1673; bounded west- 
wardly by Mr. Stanton's farm, southwardly on the sea, and eastwardly " on the small brook 
called by the Indians name Yagompsch, running southwardly into a cove or pond." Record- 
ed in Col. Rec. of Lands, I, 400. The native right was purchased from Harmon Garrett, June 
11th, 167,3. [Ibid. 43.'5.] 

t This petition has not been preserved. John Crandall and Tobias Sanders were Rhode Isl- 
and men, living on the east side of Pawcatuck River, within the territory claimed by Connect- 
icut, and constituting a part of the town of Stonington. 



COLONY OF CONNECTICUT. 189 

And this Court grants that the people of Stoneington, on 
the east side of Pawcatuck shall peaceably injoy their pres- 
ent alotments, in case they haue not alotted to themselues 
any man's particular propriety or more then may be judged 
conuenient and sufficient for them. 

This Court grants Robart Sandford eighty acres of land, 
prouided he take it where it may not prejudice any former 
grant. 

[30] This Court appoynts the last Thursday in Octob'' next 
to be solemnly kept a day of publique Thanksgiueing through- 
out this Colony, to prayse God for his goodness and mercy 
extended to us the yeare past, in the continuation of our 
peace unto us, with the blessings of the Gospellof peace, and 
his crowneing of the yeare with his goodness, not onely in 
granting so large a blessing of the fruits of the feild unto us, 
but in a comfortable measure restoreing the fruits of the trees 
againe unto us, and for the continuation of health in some 
and restoreing health to the people in other of o«" plantations. 

Octobr 17. This Court grants that Lnt Tho: Bull shall 
haue liberty to exchang a hundred acres of land with the 
Nihantick Indians. 

This Court appoynts Ens: Tho: Tracey and Ens: Tho: 
Leffingwell to lay out to Wm. Pratt his grant of land, ac- 
cording to his grant. 

This Court appoynts Ens: Tho: Tracey and Ens: Tho: 
Leffingwell to lay out to the towne of Stoneington their east 
bownds, according to their former grants from this Court.* 

The Court voted that the Assistants here should incert in 
the law about Incest the perticulars that shall be punished 
with death. 

Hartford,' Milford, Windsor, Guilford, New Haven, Say- 
brooke, Stratford and Wallingford are prouided w'^ amuni- 
tion ; and Norwalke. 

Captn Ben: Newbery, Mr. Rob* Chapman, Mr. Robert 
Treat, Mr. Wm. Hill, Mr. Giles Hamlin, Mr. John Mason, 

• The report of Ens. Tracy and Leffingwell is dated May 8th, 1673 ; and recorded in Col. Rec. 
of Lands, Vol. L p. 424. 



190 PUBLIC RECORDS OF THE 

Capt. Tho: Topping and Capti Wm. Curtice were voted to 
stand in the nomination in May next. 

Whereas there hath been an action commenced, by way of 
appeale to this Generall Courte, by L^t Fyler as agent or at- 
tourney for Mrs. Jane Hosford, plantife, against Mr. John 
Hosford, def"*, for certain moneys due by agreement and 
rent of land, to the sayd Mrs. Hosford from the sayd John, — 
The Court haueing heard and considered the same doe, by 
what at pi'sent appeares by testimonies and writeings, deter- 
mine that John Hosford shall pay unto the sayd Mrs. Jane 
Hosford or her attourney, the suiTie of fifty pownds, with due 
costs of courts; prouided allso that if John Hosford doe 
make appeare that the whole or part of the sayd sume of 
fifty pownds be allready payd, so much as so appeares to be 
payd shall be allowed by the plantife, Mrs. Jane Hosford, or 
her attourney, whoe allso shall grant to the def"', upon the 
payment of the afoarsayd sume, acquittances and generall 
releases from the sayd debt and all bills and bonds [and] 
other specialties respecting all farther claymes or demands 
upon accot of the premises. Execution dd., Aprill 24, '74. 
Costs of courts comes to two poivnds, 14 s. and sixpence. 

It is ordered by this Court that o"" Lawes shall be printed 
as soone as may be conveniently, the coppy of them being 
veiwed and approued by this Court.* 

It is allso ordered that euery famely in the seuerall planta- 
tions in this Colony shall purchase one of o"" Law bookes, to 
keep for their use ; and the constables of the seuerall plan- 
tations are to see that this order be duely attended, and that 
the bookes are payd for as they are deliuered, either in siluer 
or wheat; those that pay in siluer to pay twelue pence a 
booke, and those that pay in wheat to pay a peck and halfe 
a book ; and those that hauc not those things to paye are to 
pay two shillings in pease for a booke, pease at three shil- 
lings pr bushell ; all to be deliuered at the County Townes in 
each County. 

Mr. Wm. Cheeny and Sarg* Hugh Wells are appoynted 

♦ See Appendix XV. 



COLONY OF CONNECTICUT. 191 

to lay out to Mr. Samii Tallcott his grant of land, according 
to his grant. 

This Court confirraes the sale John Elderkin made of the 
mill at Kenil worth, prouided the money Thomas Steuens 
pays for the mill and the fifty acres of land in Norwich on a 
hill called the Westward Hill be allso reserued for the chil- 
dren of Richard Hendy deceassed. 

This Court referrs it to the Gouernor and Assistants here 
to consider of Robin Cassasinimoe's petition and to answer 
the same, and to act thereupon so as they shall judg most 
convenient. 

The Court is adjourned till the Gouernor or Dep'y Gou- 
erno"" see cause to call them agayne. ; 



[31] A Court of Election held at Hartford, May 
THE 8th, 1673. 
Tliese ivere nominated for election : — John Winthrop Esq"", 
Wm. Leet Esq--, Mr. Sam^i Willys, Capt" Nathan Gold, 
Captn John Tallcott, Mr. Henry Woolcott, Mr. John Allyn, 
Mr. Wm, Joanes, Mr. Alex: Bryant, Mr. James Richards, Mr. 
James Bishop, Mr. Anthony Howkins, Capt" John Nash, 
Captn Benj: Newbery, Mr. Rob' Chapman, Mr. Rob' Treate, 
Mr. Wm. Hill, Mi-. Giles Hamlin, Mr. John Mason, Capt^ 
Tho: Topping, Capt^ Wm. Curtice. 

Tliese ivere elected : 

John Winthrop Esqi", Gouerno^. 

Wm. Leete Esq"", Dep' Gouerno"". 
Assistants. 
Mr. Sam'i Willys, Mr. Alexand: Bryant, 

Capt" Nathan Gold, Mr. James Richards, 

Capt" John Tallcott, Mr. James Bishop, 

Mr. Henry Woolcott, Mi*. Anth: Howkins, 

Mr. John Allyn, Capt" John Nash, 

Mr. Wm. Joanes, Capt" Rob' Treate. 



192 PUBLIC RECORDS OF THE 

Capt" John Tallcott, Treasurer. 

JNIr. John Allyn, Secretary. 
Tlie Deputies of the Court are : 
For Hartford ; Mr. Wm. "Wadsworth, Ens: Nicho: Olmsteed. 
For New London ; Capt" Edw: Palmes. 
For Wethersfeild ; Mr. Samii Tallcott, Mr. James Treat. 
For Windsor ; Capt" Ben: Newbery, Deacon Jn° Moore. 
For Farmington ; Ens: Sam" Steele, Sarg' Jno Wadsworth. 
For Midleton ; Mr. Giles Hamlin, Ens: Nath: White. 
For Simsbury ; Mr. Simon Woolcot. 
For Guilford ; Deacon Jn" Fowler, Ens: Jn^ Graues. 
For Haddum ; Mr. James Bates, Mr. Georg Gates. 
For Fayrefeild ; Mr. Jehu Burr, Mr. Jn^ Bankes. 
For Stratford ; Capt" Wm. Curtice, John Picket. 
For Saybrook; L"' Wm. Pratt, Sargt Wm. Parker. 
For Brandford; Mr. John Willford, Mr. Dan" Swaine. 
For Lyme ; Mr. Mathew Griswold, Sargt Reinold Maruin. 
For Wallingford ; Mr. John Moss. 

For Norwich ; Mr. Tho: Tracey, Ens: Tho: Leffingwell. 
For New Haven ; L"' Tho: Munson, Mr. Jere: Osborn. 
For Milford ; L"* Wm. Fowler, Mr. Georg Clark. 
For Kenilworth ; Mr. Edw: Griswold, L"' Jos: Hull. 
For Norwalke ; Mr. Tho: Fitch. 

For Stoneington ; Mr. Tho: Stanton, Mr. Sam" Cheesbrook. 
For Standford ; L"' Jonath: Silleck, John Green. 
For Rye ; Peter Disbroe. 
For Greenwich ; Mr. John HoUey, Sarg* Jon: Lockwood. 

The Commissioners for the Vnited Colonies were chosen, 
viz : The Deputy Gouerno'' and Capt" John Tallcott ; and 
the Secreti'y is chosen a reserue. 

The Com" for the seuerall plantations are, — for Windsor.) 
and Simsbury, Capt" Ben: Newbery ; for Wethersfeild, Capt" 
Sam" Welh & Mr. Sam" Tallcott ; for Middleton & Had- 
dum, Mr. Giles Hamlin & Ens: Nath: White ; for Saybrook 
& Lyme, Mr. Rob' Chapman & L"' Wm. Pratt ; for New 
London, Capt" Edw: Palmes & L"' James Auery ; for Nor- 
wich, L"' John Mason ; for Stoneington, Mr. Tho: Stanton 



COLONY OF CONNECTICUT. 193 

& Sargt Tho: Minor ; for Keniluwrth, Mr. Edward Griswold ; 
and for Brandford, Mr. John Wilford ; for Wallingford, Mr. 
John Moss ; for Milford, Mr. Jn" Clarke ; for Stratford, 
Capt" "Wm. Curtice and Mr. Sam" Sherman ; for Fayrefeild^ 
Mr. Jehue Burre, Mr. Wm. Hill ; for Norwalke, L"' Richd 
Olmsteed & Mr. Tho: Fitch ; for Standford, Greenwich & 
Ri/e, Mr. Rich^ Lawes and Mr. John Holley. 

The Dept Gouernor is desired to administer the oath of 
Assists to Mr. Joanes and Capt" Nash ; Mr. Treat to admin- 
ister the oath to Mr. Gold and Mr. Bryant, and of Com^s, to 
Mr. John Clarke and Mr. Sherman, and Mr. Hill, or any 
other of the Com""* in the county of Fayrefeild. 

L"' Pratt to administer the oath of Com^s to Mr. Chap- 
man ; Mr. Tallcott to swear Mr. Wells. 

Upon the motion of Henry Wakely, this Court appoynts 
Mr. Jehu Burr and Capt" Wm. Curtice to lay out to him his 
grant of land, according to his grant. 

[32] This Court grants Quarter Master Samuel Marshall, 
one hundred and fifty acres of land, prouided he take it up 
where it may not prejudice any former grant. 

This Court grants Deacon Steven Hart one hundred and 
fifty acres of land,* upon the same tearmes with Quarter 
Master Marshall. 

Samuel Grant and John Porter are to lay out to Wm. 
Trail his grant of land, according to his grant.f 

James Steele and John Standly are appoynted to lay out 
to Ens: Sam" Steele and Sargt John Wadsworth their grants 
of land, according to their grants. 

This Court ordered that the letter read in Court be drawn 
up, the substance thereof, and sent to the Massachusets,| 
being signed p^ the Secret''y in the name of the Court. 

* Laid out, by order of Thomas (son to Dea. Stephen) Hart, to David Rusjsell, in Killingly 
bounds, 1706. The title was afterwards in dispute. [T. & Lands, VIL 101-103.] 

t Laid out, April, 1674, to Wm. Trail of Windsor, 50 acres, "on the east side great River, 
about two miles beyond Hoccanum River, toward the cedar swamp." [Recorded in Col. Rec. 
of Lands, IL 37.] This tract was conveyed, Febr. 1674-'5, by W. T. to his son-in-law John 
Hosford. [Ibid.] 

t The copy of this letter has not been preserved. In the reply, from the General Court of 
Massachusetts, (Oct. 24th,) it is referred to as " containing an answer to ours directed to your- 
selves, dated October 1.5th, 1672, referring to the unjust intrusion made by some of yours on 

17 



194 



PUBLIC RECORDS OF THE 



This Court desires Capt" John Tallcott, IVIr. James Rich- 
ards and the Secretly to inform themselues the best way they 
can concerning the bownds between the Massachusets and 
us, and the rise and runn thereof, with what they judg need- 
full concerning the same ; and make return thereof to the 
Generall Court in Octob"" next. 

This Court grants L"* Walter Fyler the sume of one hun- 
dred and fifty acres of land, prouided he take it up where it 
may not prejudice any former grant. 

The Court's adjourned to the 12th of May next. 

JMay 12th. The Court mett according to adjournment. 

This Court appoynt Capt" Wm. Curtice, L"' Richard Olm- 
steed, to lay out to Mr. Alex: Bryant, Mr. Wm. Hill, Mr. 
John Wheeler and Mr. John Bankes, their grants of land, 
according to their grants, 

Mr. Benjamin Blackman appeales from the judgment of 
the Court of Assistants, May 6, 1673, to this Generall Court. 
The Court haueing heard this case, declare, that they doe 
not finde Jacob Walker hath forfeited his bond. The Court 
allowes twenty fiue shillings charges of this Court, besides 
the eighteen shillings at the County Court and forty fower 
shillings at the Court of Assistants.* Execution d^d for &\. 
Is.^ June 6, 1673. 

In.answer to the petition of Mrs. Blackman's ouerseers, this 
Court return, that they judg the awarde of Capt" John Nash 
and Capt" Rob' Treat concerning those things committed to 
their consideration by Mrs: Blackman, Mr. Benj: Blackman 
and Mr. Jacob Walker, stands firm, though Mr. John Bun- 
were not present when they sealed ; it appeareing he was 
present when it was drawn up and signed by the sayd Mr. 
Treat and Capt" Nash.f 

This Court desires and appoynts Capt" Wm. Curtice, Mr. 
John Bankes and L"^ Wm. Fowler to veiw the lands of Pow- 

Ihat part of the conquered land near Pawcatuck," and also, a remonstrance against the en- 
croachment l)y Masf-achusetts on the north line of Coimecticut, at and near Windsor. [See 
Reply, in (^ol Boundaries, \\\. 4.] 

• .Sec Uec. of Court of Assists., pp. 10, 14 : Priv. (/'ontrovcrsies, I. 97-108. 

t Private Controversies, I. 107, 108. 



COLONY OF CONNECTICUT. 195 

tocock and those adjoyneing, whither they may be fitt for a 
plantation, and to make return thereof how they find it, at 
the next session of this Court, in October. 

In answer to Michael Griswould's petition to this Court, 
in refference to a case he complaines against Sam" Wright, 
about his horss that was killed, it is by this Court refered to 
the heareing, issue and determination of Capt" Edward 
Palmes, Mr. Tho: Fitch and Mr. Jehu Burr, whoe are im- 
powered with a power of Chancerie in this case, which they 
are to attend Wednesday next, seuen a clock in the morn- 
ing.* 

May 13. This Court appoynts L"' Daniel Harris and 
Wm. Cheeney to lay out unto Thomas Bunce, John Halla- 
way and Sarg' Spencer their grants of lands, according to 
their grants. 

Mr. Wm. Hill and L"^ Olmsteed are appoynted to lay out 
to Capt" Wm. Curtice his grant of land, according to his 
grant. 

This Court desires and appoynts Capt" Thomas Topping, 
Mr. Tho: Fitch, Mr. Jonathan Silleck, Mr. John Holley and 
L"' Jos: Horton, to be a committee to consider of those lands 
between Stratford and Momoreanoke River, that are not all- 
ready granted by order of the Court to any plantation ; and 
to proportion them to the seuerall plantations between Strat- 
ford and Momoranoke River, as they judge may be most 
equal and accommadating to the plantations as now they are 
[33] setled, and make presentation thereof to the Court at 
their next session in October, for confirmation. 

Henry Tomlins in behalfe of Stratford, presented a petition 
to this Court. The answer thereof was retmrned, under the 
petition. Mr. Tomlins vndertook to pay the tenn shillings 
for the petition.! 

• Complaint, testimony and award, in Priv. Controv. I. 1 14-120. 

t This petition, from the townsmen of Stratford, asks for some act of the General Court, for 
the establishment and confirmation of the bounds of that plantation, and for adjudication of 
the claim of Lieut. Joseph Judson to a large tract of land alleged to be within Stratford bounds. 
The original petition is in Towns & Lands, Vol. L Doc. 138. The answer of the Court was as 
follows : " In answer to this petition, the Court return that they cannot hear the case to an 
issue at prsent, because Lnt, Joseph Judson & those concerned, haue not notice thereof, and 
therefore doe order that the case be respited till October Court next, when those persons con- 
cerned are hereby ordered to attend the Court for an issue." 



196 



PUBLIC RECORDS OF THE 



Wm. Cheeny and Deacon Hall are appoynted to lay out 
to Ml-. Whiteing and JVIr. James Steele their grants of land, 
according to their grants.* 

This Court haueing formerly granted a grant of land to 
L"* Thomas Munson and Sarg^ Wm. Parker which hath 
slipt the recording, doe now confirm and grant unto them the 
sayd L»' Munson and Sarg' Wm. Parker one hundred acres 
of land apiece, prouided they take it up where it may not 
prejudice any former grant to any perticuler person or plan- 
tation. 

This Court accepts the return of Ens: Tracey and Ens: 
Tho: Leffingwell concerning the laying out of the east bownds 
of Stoneington, and giue them liberty to record the same in 
the Booke of records.f 

•Whereas the people of Stoneington on the east side of 
Pawcatuck were, Octob"" last, granted that priuiledg to injoy 
peaceably their present alottments, with the proviso in the 
order exprest, — This Court now saw cause to recommend it to 
the townesmen of Stoneington accordingly to lay out to those 
inhabitants of the east side of Pawcatuck River, a convenien- 
cy and sufficiency of land for them according to the present 
state and condition of their families, and that they enter and 
record the same to them in theire towne booke, to be and 
remayne to them and their heirs and assignes for ever. 

May 14. This Court orders the bownds between Hartford 
and Windsor shall begin on the east side Conecticutt River 
at the lowermost Elm that was discourst between the two 
Comittees and sayd to be agreed on. 

In answer to Robbin Cassacinamon his motion to this 
Court for the apprehending Moween that broak out of Hart- 
ford prison and is sheltered in the Narrogancett Country by 
Ninicraft, this Court doth see cause upon due consideration 
of the case in all its circumstances, not to prosecute the mat- 
ter in a hostile way untill the aduice of the Comissioners of 
the Colony be taken. J 

• Grant of 200 acres to Mr. Johrj Whiting, laid out, adjoining the land of Mr. Samuel Tallcott 
(at Coginchaug.) on the north-west, &.c. [Col. Rec. of Lands, I. 414 ] 
t Recorded in Col. Rec. of Lands, L 424 ; as returned to the Court, May 8th. 
I The following testimony, taken before Thomas Stanton, (and by him forwarded to the Gov- 



COLONY OF CONNECTICUT. 197 

Whereas the stated bownds betwixt Hartford and Wind- 
sor on the west side of the great River giues Hartford some 
aduantage of land, in varying from the west line from Brick 
Hill Swamp, northerly, — This Court orders that the line be- 
twixt the sayd townes on the east side of the great River shall 
take its rise at the Elme Tree appoynted by this Court to be 
the bownd tree, and to runn to the sowth of the east from the 
sayd tree, so much and so farr as it doth vary from the west 
nothward from the abouesayd swamp, to the end of Hartford 
west bownds. 

This Court appoynts Ensigne Sam^^ Steele and Sargt 
Hugh Wells to runn the lyne and lay out the bownds betwixt 
Hartford and Windsor on the east side of the great Riuer, ac- 
cording to the order of the Court. 

May 15. Whereas the increase of flocks of Sheep is fownd 
very aduantageous to this Colony, and as experience doth 
shew that the breed of sheep is much decayed by reason of a 
neglect of breeding suitable ramms and not seasonably sepa- 
rating them from the flocks ; for the ataynement whereof, it is 
ordered by this Court that two or three meete persons in each 
plantation shall be appoynted to take care that a suitable 
number of such ramms be kept in each towne, and that none 
be suffered to runn upon the comons with the ewes, from the 
first of August untill the last of October, except it be by ap- 
probation of the sayd two or three men iu each towne, upon 
the penalty of forfeiting fiue shillings for each ramm, to him 
that shall make seizure. And this Court doth order in the 
seuerall plantations of this Colony, that no sheep be kept in 

ernor and Assistants, Jan. 1671-2,) suggests the probable grounds of the Court's deterniination 
notti) "prosecute the matter in a hostile way" without the advice of the confederate colonies- 
Uncas, whose jealous hatred of the Pequot tributaries inanifes-ted itself on every occasion, and 
who, whether justly or not, was suspected of encouraging every Indian quarrel and of being 
privy to every Indian plot in eastern Connecticut, for a half century, had been charged by Robin 
Cassasinamon with mischievous intermeddling, at this time : 

"Saboutosit came to mee and doth affirme y' hee did not heere Vnckas say any thing to in- 
coradg Nenegret to reveng himselfe on the Pequat Indians, in rufferance to Mowwene whoe is 
imprisoned at Hartford for murder : hee saith what was sed by Unckas was indiscours express- 
ing his feeres, that hee did dowtthe Narragansets would revenge Mowwen's death if hee should 
bee hanged ; and that Vnckas did not say, N'enigret, You are a great Sachem ; whie doe not 
you come and reskue your man Mowwen out of the Pequats hands 1" &c. [Cr. & Misd. I. 52.J 

17* 



198 



PUBLIC RECORDS OF THE 



the comons but in flocks, to preuent the sheeps' either doeing 
or receiueing damage, except in such plantations where there 
are not a hundred sheep that may be kept together, and the 
just regulation and management of the sayd flocks shall be 
left to the sayd two or three men. 

[34] This Court grants unto Mathew Grant, of Windsor, 
one hundred acres of land, with the same limitation as land 
is granted to other persons.* 

Whereas this Court did order a committee to determine a 
case in refference to Micael Griswould's petition, the sayd 
committee doe return as there issue, that they finde it strongly 
circumstanced that Samuel Wright hath been some meanes 
of the wounding the said Michael Griswould's horss, for the 
which he is ordered to pay two pownds tenn shillings unto 
the aboue named Michael Griswould. This issue is accepted 
by the Court.f 

This Court appoynts Mr. Richard Smith a Commissioner, 
and doe invest him with Magistraticall power throwout the 
limitts of the Narrogancett Country, and to be the president 
of the Court of Comissioners there, which court haue power 
to issue all cases not exceeding twenty pownds ; prouided 
that what cases are brought before them aboue forty shillings 
value shall be tryed by a jury. 

This Court appoynts Mr. Jerrie Bull a Comissioner for 
Pettaquamscott,! and to assist in keeping of the Courts. 

This Court appoynts Mr. Tho: Gold Comissioner w^^in the 
towne of Wickford, and to assist in keeping of the Courts. 

Vpon the petition of Mrs. Katheren Fayrechild, in order to 
the businesse refered by the County Court of Fayrefeild to 
this Geni' Court, in refferance to an obligation with condition 
made by Mr. Thomas Fayrechild before marriage unto the 
abouesayd Mrs. Katherin Fayrechild, for the payement of two 
hundred pownds, English money, — This Court findeing a 
non-performance of the sayd condition obliged, nor any pro- 



• I-aiii out, May, 1074, "without the east boiineis of Windsor;" — and assigned by Matthew 
Crant to liis s^onis Samuel and Jolin, Feb. I(i74-'5. [C'ol. llec. of Lands, I. 328.] 
t Page li>5, ante. 
i PettaquainKCUtt, afterwards Kiniratawn, K. I. 



COLONY OF CONNECTICUT. 199 

vision made by will or otherwise for three children of the 
sayd Thomas and Katherin Fayrechild, doe allowe of the 
sayd two hundred pownd, as just debt to be payd out of the 
estate left by the sayd Mr. Fayrechild, vnto the sayd Kathe- 
rin, which is to be apprized and sett out unto her by Liueten- 
ant Joseph Judson, Mr. Joseph Halley and Mr. Isac: Niccols 
accordingly ; this Court expecting that shee will secure meet 
portions out of the same to the sayd three children, as shee 
may be able.* 

May the 16. This Court grants the bownds of Midleton 
on the east side the great River shall extend six miles upon 
an east line from the sayd great River, prouided that Mr. 
Howkins hath liberty to take up his former grant within this 
forementioned bownds. This grant to the s^ towne being 
upon the same tearmes as the adition was formerly made to 
the other townes upon the River. 

This Court accepts of the list of Troopers presented by 
Captn John Nash and Capt" Thomas Topping for New 
Haven County, and doe confirm Capt" Topping to be Cap- 
tayn and Mr. Wm. Maltby to be Cornet of the sayd Troope. 

This Court grants L"' Thomas Bull two hundred acres of 
land, with the same limitations as is usuall to such grants. f 

This Court grants that the bownds of Milford shall extend 
northwarde into the country as farr as the bownds of New 
Haven doth. 

This Court appoynts Mr. Wm. Pitkin and John Gilbert to 
lay out to Ensigne Nicholas Olmsteed his grant of land 
granted to him, according to his grant. 

May 17. This Court appoynts Deacon John Hall and 
"Wm. Cheeny to lay out to Mr. John Woodbridge and Mr. 

• A copy of the marriage contract between Thomas Fairchild, of Stratford, merchant, and 
Katherine Cragg, a sister of Elizabeth V\ hiting, widow, of London, (executed in England, 
22^ Dec. 166-2,) is in Pnv. Controv. Vol. L Doc. 20. Mr. Fairchild binds himself to convey to 
the said Katherine, a life estate in his lands at Stratford, or, in case of his death before his arri- 
val in N. England, to cause to be paid to the said Katherine, the sum of £'200. 

The Inventory of Mr. Fairchild's estate, (amounting to £160 10.*. Od ) with the report of the 
Committee of the General Court, by whom it was apprized and set out to the widow, is re- 
corded in Col. Rec. of Lands, II. 20. 

t Laid out, "on the east side the great River, near the cedar swamp." Recorded, 1684, in 
Col. Rec. of Lands, II. -12. 



200 PUBLIC RECORDS OF THE 

Wm. "VVadsworth their grants of land granted to them, ac- 
cording to their respectiue grants. 

This Court grants two hundred acres of land to Liuetenant 
John Chester, prouided he take it up where it may not preju- 
dice any former grants to towne or perticuler persons.* 

This Court grants to Mr. John Fowler, an hundred acres 
of land : 

This Court grants to Ens: John Graues, an hundred acres 
of land : 

This Court grants an hundred acres of land to Wm. John- 
son : 

This Court grants to Wm. Seward an hundred acres of 
land. All these grants are made with this limitation, that 
they are not to be prejudiciall to any former grants or to per- 
ticular persons or townes. 

This Court grants to Mr. Jehu Burr two hundred acres of 
land, prouided it be not prejudiciall to former grants to per- 
ticuler townes or persons. 

[35] This Court haue granted Capt" Robert Treat three 
hundred acres of land prouided he take it up where it may 
not be prejudiciall to former grants to any perticuler towne or 
persons.! 

James Steele and Sargt Hugh Wells are appoynted to lay 
out Mr. Howkins', Mr. Chester's and L"t Bull's grants. 

Mr. Mosse and Brakett are to lay out the grants of Deacon 
Fowler, Wm. Johnson, John Graues and L"' Seward. 

This Court orders that all grants of land made to any per- 
ticuler person, not yet taken up and layd out, shall be taken 
up in one intire peice, in a comely form, except by speciall 
liberty from this Court ; and that all former grants that are 
or shall be layd out by order shall be sufficiently bownded, 
and so mayntayncd to preuent all future trouble. 

This Court hath granted to Mr. Sam^i Wakeman two 

♦ Laid out, Oct. 1688, by John Biocket and Thomas Yale ; bounded on the west " by the Rev. 
Mr. John Bishops farrae, ofSlandford," witli a highway between its south line and Wallingford 
north bounds. Recorded, May, 1089. [Col. Ucc. of Lands, 11 21C.] 

t Laid out, " across the west branch of New Haven East River upon tho road tliat lyes from 
New Haven to Farmington." bounded south on Wallingford line. Confirmed by patent, May 
24tli, 1087. [Col. Rec. of Lands, II. 194.J 



COLONY OF CONNECTICUT. 201 

hundred acres of land, prouided he take it up where it may 
not prejudice former grants to any plantation or perticuler 
person. 

Persons presented to be made free: — For Stoneing'ton, 
Lnt Samuell Mason, Daniel Mason, Ezekeill Mayen, John 
Searles, Edmun Faning, James Yorke Jun"", Tho: Bell, John 
Gallop Junr ; — Mi/ford, Tho: Oviett, Nath: Farring ; — Kenil- 
worth, .Tn" Griswold ; — Stratford, [Wm. Roberts*;] — Guil- 
ford, Moses Blatchley, 

This Court upon the motion of the Honord Gouerno"" and 
Mr. Palmes, in behalfe of New London, that they were not 
now in a capacity of joyneing issue for want of some eviden- 
ces, this Court orders the issue to be referred till Octob"" next, 
when both tovvnes, w^^out any further warning are to attend 
the s«^ issue, this Court then resolueingto put a finall issue to 
it ; and in meantime New London arc not to medle or giue 
any interuption to the men of Lyme in improuement of the 
land lyeing in controuersie. 

This Court haueing veiwed the lawes respecting maratime 
affayres made by the Gen'' Court of the Massachusets, ac- 
cording as they are now in print, conteined in twenty seuen 
sections, confirm them to be o^ lawes, and order that they be 
printed and put into our law booke, and what charge it comes 
to shall be payd out of the Countrey Treasurie. 

This Court orders that the impression of the Coloney 
Seale shall be affixed in the begining of euery law booke. f 

This Court appoynts the last Wednesday of this instant 
moneth to be kept as a day of Humiliation, throughout this 
Colony. The grownds and reasons of the same are upon file. 

28: 1st jno: 1673. 1. Agreed by the Committee for New 
Haven underwritten, that Wallingford bownds on the east 
side of the East River shall be from Brandford hne northerlie 
to Wharton's Brooke, where it crosseth the sowth branch of 
the sfi brooke, and thence as the brook runns into the East 
River. 

*A stroke of the pen has been drawn across this name. • 

t From the '' impression of the Colony seal" prefixed to the published laws of 1673, compared 
with and corrected by an impression on wax taken some years later, the copy on the title page 
of this volume has been made, in nearly exact fac-simile. 



202 



PUBLIC RECORDS OF THE 



2. That New Haven shall runn two miles and a halfe 
northward from the foot of the Blew Hills on the Mill River, 
upon that River, and the line from a stake there to the foots 
of the Blew Hills on the East River, and from the sayd two 
mile and halfe stake along our reare west and by north to the 
end of their bownds ; which issue they the Committee for Wal- 
lingford consented to and accepted, and this to be an issue in 
loue and peace. Memorandum ; that the Committee for 
New Haven doe consent that the meadow between the Mill 
River and East River northward aboue the Blue Hills shall 
be "VVallingford's, as to the bulk of it, and liberty of drowneing 
it as they shall see cause, allthough the line agreed to should 
cutt through it. 

Subscribed by the s'' parties : 
John Mosse, The marke of Wm. Joanes, 

John Brockett, John I C Cowper, James Bishop, 

Nath" Merriman, Sen^, to the agree- Mathew Gilbert, 
Abraham Dowlitle, ment excepting Sam" Whitehead, 
Sam^i Andrews, the memorandum John Winston, 

added about y^ Abram Dickerman, 
meadow, wherein Moses Mansfeild. 
he dissents. 
The aboue written is a true coppy of the original. 
This Court grants that the bownds of New Haven shall 
runn according as it is agreed betwixt the sayd towne of 
New Haven, Brandford, Wallingford and Milford. 

[36] Whereas this Hono'"'' Court were pleased to chuse and 
appoynt us whose names are underwritten, to be a committee 
to agitate, consult and agree one with another for and in the 
behalfe of the setleing of the bownds and diuideing lines be- 
tween the seuerall townships lyeing in the county of Fayre- 
feild westward, viz: Norwalke, Standford, Greenwich and 
Rye, — which s'' Committee haue agreed as followeth: — 

1. That the fiue mile brooke between Standford and Nor- 
walke, from the mowth thereof vntill it meet with the cross 
path that now is where the country roade crosseth the s^ 
Riuer, shall be the bownds, and from thence to runn up in 
the country vntill the twclue miles be expired, upon the same 
line that is between Stratford and Fayrefeild. 

2. That the line between Standford and Greenwich, at 
Tatomok Brook,, where the lowermost path or roade that 
now is to Greenwich cutts the sayd River, and from thence 
to run on a straight line to the west end of a line drawn from 



COLONY OF CONNECTICUT. 203 

the falls of Standford Mill River, which s,^ line is to runn a 
due west poynt towards Greenwich bownds, a meete mile ; 
and from the west end of the sayd line, to run due north [to 
the north]* to the present country road towards Rye ; and 
from thence to runn up into the country, the same line as is 
between Norawake and Standford, to the end of the bownds 
of the towne. 

3. That the bownds between Greenwich and Rye is to be 
from the mouth of Byram River, to runn up the River one 
quarter of a mile above the great stone lyeing in the cross 
path by the s^^ Riuer ; and from thence the sayd comons up- 
wards, between Standford bownds and the Colony line, is to 
be equally diuided between them by a paralellline w'^ Stand- 
ford and Norwalke, to the end of their bownds up in the 
countrey. This is o"" return. 

p'' us Robert Treat, 

Jonath: Sclleck, 
Peter Disbrow. 

Consented onely to the bowndes between Standford, 
Greenwich & Rye, as witness my hand, 

Thomas Fitch. 

This agreement was confirmed by the vote of the Generall 
Court. 

This Court is adjourned till the Gouerno"" or Dep' Gou- 
ernc^ see cause to call them agayne. 



At a Session of the Generall Court held at Hart- 
ford, BY THE GoUERNO''s SPECIALL ORDER, AuGUST 7, 

1673.t 

John Winthrope Esqf, Gouerno^. 
Wm. Leete Esq"", Dep^ Gouerno'". 

Assistants. 
IVIr. Samii Willys, Mr. James Richards, 

* The words in brackets are not in the original report of the Committee, — which is on file, in 
Vol. L of Towns & Lands, Doc. 13L 

t A small Dutch squadron commanded by Cornells Evertsen and Jacob Benckes, arrived off 
the harbor of New York, July 30th, 1673. A message was sent to the English commander, Capt. 
John Manning, demanding the immediate surrender of the Fort. Gov. Lovelace was, at this 
time, on a visit to Gov. Winthrop at Connecticut ; and Manning, who appears to have been ut- 
terly disconcerted by the unexpected approach and " suddaine surprisall" of the Dutch squad- 



204 



PUBLIC RECORDS OF THE 



Captn John Tallcott, Mr. James Bishop, 

Mr. Henry Woolcott, Mr. Antho: Howkins, 

Mr. John AUyn, Capt" Robt Treate. 

Deputies. 
For Hartford ; Mr. Wm. Wadsworth, Mr. Nicho: Olmsteed. 
For Windsor; Capt" Benj: Newbery, Deacon Jn^ More. 
For New London ; Capt" Edward Palmes. 
For Wethersfeild ; Mr. Samii Tallcott, Mr. James Treate. 
[37] For New Hauen ; L^t Tho: Munson, Mr. Jer: Osburn. 
For Milford; L"' Wm. Fowler, Mr. George Clark. 
For Saybrook; L^t Wm. Pratt, S[ergt] Wm. Parker. 
For Stratford ; Capt^ Wm. Curtice, Mr. John Pickett Sen'. 
For Brandford; Mr. John Wilford. 
For Kelinworth ; Mr. Edw: Griswold. 
For Simsbmy ; Mr. Simon Woolcott. 
For Lyme ; Mr. Math: Griswold, S[argt] Reinold Maruin. 
For Norwich; Ens: Tho: Tracey. 
For Haddum ; Mr. James Bates, Mr. Georg Gates. 
For Guilford ; Deacon John Fowler, Ens: John Graue. 
For Midleton ; Mr. Giles Hamlin, Ens: Nath: White. 
For Norwalke ; Mr. Tho: Fitch. 

For Farmington ; Ens: Samii Steele, S[argt] John Wads- 
worth. 
[36] Whereas there is at present a great appearance of dan- 
ger towards this Colony by the approach of the Dutch, for our 
own safety and defence till the Gen'i Court in October next, 
it is now ordered by this Court, that the Committee hereafter 
named, viz : the Gouerno'", Dept Gouernor and Assistants, 
Capt" Benj: Newbery, Mr. Giles Hamlin, Mr. Wm. Wads- 
worth, Captn Wm. Curtice, L"* Wm. Fowler, L^t Tho: 

ron, acceded to tlieir demands, and allowed them to take peaceable possession of the fort and 
city, without a shot having been fired. All New Netherlands, a part of Long Island, and New 
Jersey, followed the example of New York, and quietly submitted to tin; authority of the Dutch. 
But some of the towns on Eastern Long Island, which had been originally settled by New Eng- 
Und people and were formerly under Connecticut jurisdiction, refused to acknowledge allegi- 
ance to the States General and appealed to Connecticut for protection. [Uoc. Hist, of N. York, 
in. 83, 91 : Holmes' Annals, I. .'5G4.] About the same time a vessel of Mr. Selleck's, of Con- 
necticut, was captured by the Dutch, near the harbor of one of the western towns. A spe- 
cial session of the General Assembly was convened by Gov. Winllirop, to provide for the de- 
fence of the Colony, and to consult relative to the movements of the Dutch. See Appendix XIV. 



COLONY OF CONNECTICUT. 205 

Munson, are hereby impowered to act as the Grand Com- 
mittee of this Colony in establishing and commissionating of 
military officers, in pressing of men, horses, ships, barques or 
other vessells, arms, ammunition, provision, carriages, or 
whatever they judg needfuU for o^" defence, and to manage, 
order and disspose of the Militise of the Colony in the best 
way and raaner they can, for o'" defence and safety. The Gou- 
erno"" or in his absence the Dep^ Gouernor are hereby impow- 
ered by their sumons to conveen the s'^ Committee, whoe 
being assembled, the s^ Committee or the major part of them 
assembled are impowered as aforesaid.* 

It is ordered by this Court that the severall and respect- 
[37] iue Troopes in this Colony with fiue hundred dragoones 
be prepared and fitted for seruice forthwith, and that all the 
Traine Bands in the severall plantations with their arms and 
ammunition be ready for seruice ; and the military officers of 
the severall companies to see their companies compleated as 
afoars^, upon the seuerall penalties expressed in the military 
lawes. The Dragoones are to be raysed upon the Countyes 
as followeth ; of Hartford county, one hundred and sixty ; of 
New Haven county one hundred and twenty ; of Fayrefeild, 
one hundred and twenty : of New London, one hundred. 

It is allso ordered by this Court that in case of the ap- 
proach of any enemie in any towne within this Colony, the 
Gouernor or Dept Gouerno'" and Grand Committee appoynt- 
ed by this Court, so many of them as are present, before they 
departe shall appoynt such sufficient ayde to defend any 
place as shall be assaulted, with such ayde as they thinke fitt, 
which is to be in a readinesse at an bower's warning for a 
march, upon the call of the chiefe officer of any county. 

In case any forces should be sent out of the county of 
Hartford for the releife of another county, this Court appoynts 

* This was the first appointment, by the General Assembly, of a Grand Committee, or as it 
was afterwards termed, a Council of War, to whom, during the intervals between sessions of 
the Assembly, were delegated nearly all the powers and authority usually vested in that body. 
Of this Council, the Governor, Deputy Governor and Assistants were always constituted mem- 
bers, and to these were added from time to time, prominent military officers and influential 
citizens from the several counties. 

18 



206 



PUBLIC RECORDS OF THE 



Benjamen Newbery Capt", Nicholas Olmstead L^t, John 
Wadsworth Ensigne. 

For the county of New London and such forces as shall be 
called out of that county, James Avery is appoynted Capt", 
Tho: Tracey Liuetenant, John Denison Ensigne. 

For the county of New Haven, Mr. Rob* Treat Capt", 
Tho: Munson Liutenant, Sam'i Newton Ensigne. 

For the county of Fayrefeild, Mr. Tho: Fitch Capt", Jehue 
Burr Liutenant, Mathew Sherwood Ensigne. 

Capt" John Tallcott is chosen Major, for the county of 
Hartford. Capt" Rob'^ Treat is chosen Major, for the coun- 
ty of New Haven. Capt" Nathan Gold is chosen Major, 
for the county of Fayrefeild. 

This Court appoynted Mr. James Richards and Mr. Wm. 
Rosewell forthwith to goe to New Yorke with the letter 
which this Court hath prepared, and present the same to the 
commanders in chiefe at the Manathus, and to receiue their 
answer, and what their intentions are. And in case Mr. 
Rosewell should by any Prouidence be hindered attendance, 
Major Robt Treat is to supply the place of Mr. Rosewell. 

The letter read in Court drawn up to be sent to the com- 
mander in cheife of the Dutch fleet rideing in Hudson's River 
at New Yorke, this Court orders that it be signed by the Sec- 
retary in the name and by order of the Gouern'' and GenU 
Assembly.* 

The Court adjourned till the Gouern^ or Dept see cause 
to call them agayne. 



The Grand Committee for the ordering of the Militije 
mi;tt in Hartford, August 11th, 1673. 

John Winthrop Esq"", GouERN^ 
Wm. Leete Esq^, Dep^ Gouern^. 

Mr. Sam'i Willys, Mr. Wm. Wadsworth, 

Major John Tallcott, Capt" Benj: Newbery,- 

*The letter from the General Court, with the reply of the Dutch commanders, will be found 
in Appendix XIV. 



COLONY OF CONNECTICUT. 207 

Mr. Henry Woolcott, L"* Tho: Munson. 

Mr. John Allyn, 

Whereas the Gen'' Court hath ordered that fiue hundred 
dragoones be forthwith raysed to be ready upon an bower's 
warning to defend any place in this Colony assaulted by an 
enemie, and haue ordered that the forces raysed shall be un- 
der such commanders as they haue appoynted, The Grand 
Committee for the Militia being mett this day, ordered, that 
the constables of the respectiue plantations shall forthwith 
repayre to their cheife commanders of theire Traine Bands, 
and choose so many meet persons as they are appoynted to, 
that they may be in a readiness fitted according to this fol- 
lowing order, upon an bower's warning to march under the 
conduct of theire cheife commanders hereafter named to de- 
fend any place assaulted as afoarsayd. 

The proportion of dragoones for Hartford County is one 
hundred and sixty, under the conduct of Benj: Newbery 
Capt", Nicholas Olmsteed L"', John Wadsworth Ensigne. 
Hartford, forty fower ; Windsor, thirty eight ; Wethersfeild, 
thirty ; Farmington, twenty two ; Midleton, thirteen ; Had- 
dum, nine ; Simsbury, seven ; Totall, 163. 

The proportion of dragoones for New Haven County, un- 
der the conduct of Major Robt Treat, Thomas Munson L"*, 
Sam" Newton Ensigne, is, New Haven, fifty one ; Milford, 
thirty ; Pawgeset, three ; Guilford, nineteen ; Brandford, 
nine ; Wallingford, eight : Totall, 120. 

The proportion of Fayrefeild County, under the conduct 
of Tho: Fitch Capt", Jehu Burr L"*, Mathew Sherwood En- 
signe, is, Fayrefeild, thirty eight ; Stratford, thirty three ; 
Standford, twenty fower ; Greenwich, eight ; Norwalk, seven- 
teen ; Ry, being near, is excused : Totall, 120. 
[38] The proportion of New London County under the con- 
duct of James Auery Capt", Thomas Tracey Lieutenant, 
John Denison Ensigne, is. New London, twenty six ; Stone- 
ington, nineteen ; Lyme, tenn ; Saybrook, seventeen ; Kenil- 
worth, eleven ; Norwich, seuenteen : Total, 100. 

It is ordered that each dragoone be prouided with a good 
sword and belt, and serviceable muskett or kirbine, with a 



208 PUBLIC RECORDS OF THE 

shott powch and powder and buUitts, viz : one pownd of 
powder made into cartiridges fitt for his gunn, and three 
pownd of bulletts fitt for their gunns, or pistoll bulletts ; and 
a horss to expedite their march. 

It is allso ordered that the place assaulted where the forces 
raysed are sent for to come, are to prouide quarter for the 
souldiers they send for. 

It is allso ordered that the chiefe officer in each county, 
upon any assault made upon them by an enemie, are hereby 
impowered to call in ayd from the rest of the counties for 
theire assistance. 

It is allso ordered that the dragoones raysed in the coun- 
ties of New Haven, Fairefeild and New London, doe prepare 
a halfe-picke for each of their dragoones. 

It is allso ordered that the commission officers of the drag- 
oones in each county are hereby impowered to appoynt Sar- 
jants and inferior officers for their respectiue companies. 

The Committee for the Millitiae doe hereby appoynt Mr. 
Simon Woolcott and John Griffin to be those that shall com- 
mand the Traine Band of Simsbury for the present, and vn- 
till the Generall Court order otherwise or the people there 
make their choyse. 

It is allso ordered that the dark of each county is appoyn- 
ted to send coppyes hereof forthwith unto each town within 
their respectiue counties. 

It is allso agreed that the Committee shall meet euery day, 
about sunn two howers high, till further order be giuen. 



At a Gen'I Court held at Hartford, Octob'' 9th, 1673. 

John Winthrop Esq"", GouERN^ 
Wm. Leet Esq'', Dep' Gouern"". 
Major John Tallcott, Mr. Wm. Joanes, 

Mr. Henry Woolcott, Mr. Antho: Howkins, 

Mr. .John Allyn, Sec")/, Major Rob^ Treate. 

Mr. James Bishop, 



COLONY OF CONNECTICUT. 209 

Deputies : 
For Hartford; Mr. Wm. Wadsworth, Mr. E-ich: Lord, abs:; 
For Wethersfeild ; Mr. SaniH Tallcott, Mr. James Treate ; 
For Windsor; Capt" Benj: Newbery, Deacon Jn^ Moore; 
For Farmington ; S: Jn^ Wadsworth, S: Jn^ Standly ; 
For Midleton ; Mr. Giles Hamlin, Mr. Wm. Cheeny ; 
For Saybrooke; L^t Wm. Pratt, Sargt Wm. Parker; 
For Norwich ; L"* Tho: Tracey ; 

For Fayrefeild ; Mr. Jehu Burr abs:, Mr. John Bankes ; 
For Haddum ; John Gilbert abs:, Georg Gates ; 
For Stoneington ; Mr. Tho: Stanton abs:, Mr. Tho: Wheeler; 
For Lyme ; Mr. Math: Griswold, S: Reinold Marvin ; 
For Norwalke ; S: Walter Hoyte, John Bowten ; 
For New London ; Capt" Edw: Palmes ; 
For New Haven; L^t Tho: Munson, Mr. Jer: Osborn; 
For Kenilworth ; Mr. Edw: Griswold, L^t Jos: Hull abs: ; 
For Guilford; Deacon John Fowler, lu^^ Wm. Seward; 
For Milford; L^t Wm. Fowler, S: Tho: Campfeild; 
For Standford ; John Green, abs:, Joseph Theale ; 
For Greenwich; Mr. John Bankes; 
For Stratford; Capt" Wm. Curtice, Mr. Jos: Hawley; 
For Wallingford ; Mr. John Moss, Mr. John Bracket; 
For Simsbury ; Mr. Simon Woolcott, abs:, John Griffen ; 
For Brandford ; Mr. Willford, Dan: Swaine, abs: ; 

There was presented, — A certificate from N. Haven, Octob^ 
8, vnder the selectmen's hands, certifying they were furnished 
with powder and bulletts, according to lawe : — 

A certificate from Milford, dated Octobr, '73, signifyed 
their towne's being furnished with powder and bulletts, ac- 
cording to law ; — 

A certificate from Windsor, Octobr 8, 1673, certifyed their 
stock of powder was 300'i5% buUett 700ibs. 

The List of Persons and Estates are; — 



£. 


s. 


d. 




£. 


s. 


d. 


of Hartford, 16857: 


10: 





Stratford, 


08795: 


08: 





of Windsor, 13414: 


00: 





Brandford, 


02592: 


00: 





New London, 08472: 


00: 





Greenwich, 


02060: 


05: 





18* 















210 



PUBLIC RECORDS OF THE 



Midleton, 

Guilford, 

Farmington, 

Saybrooke, 

iVIillford, 

Kellingworth, 

Standford, 

Norwaike, 



04951: 10: 
06241: 08: 
06338: 00: 
05167: 00: 
09680: 00: 
02516: 14: 
05067: 09: 
05000: 05: 



Rye, 

Norwich, 

New Haven, 

Fayrefeild, 

Stoneington, 

Lyme, 

Haddum, 

Wethersfeild, 



01767: 05: 0^ 
04590: 10: 
14290: 00: 
10840: 16: 
06406: 00: 
02900: 00: 0' 
02013: 03: 
12107: 08: 2 



[39] In answer to the petition of seuerall inhabitants of the 
towne of Farmington that Mattatock that those lands* might 
be granted for a plantation, this Court haue seen cause to 
order that those lands may be veiwed sometime between this 
and the Court in May next, and that reporte be made to the 
Court in May next, whether it be judged fitt to make a plan- 
tation. The Committee appoynted are L"*^ Tho: Bull, L^t 
Rob' Webster and Daniel Pratt. 

Octo: 10. This Court confirmes John Allyn, Captaine of 
Hartford Traine Band. This Court confirmes Nicholas 
Olmstead, Liuetenant of Hartford Traine Band. This Court 
confirmes John Stedman, Ensigne of Hartford Traine Band. 

Leivtenant Olmstead laying down his place of Leiutenant, 
and John Stedman being chosen therevnto is now by this 
Court confirmed Leiutenant. And Thomas Watts is ailsa 
confirmed Ensigne, in John Stedman's roome, being chosen 
therevnto. 

Mr. John Clarke, in the behalfe of the towne of Saybrooke, 
appeales from the judgment of the Court of Assistants, Oc- 
tob"" 7th past, in the case wherein the sayd towne of Say- 
brooke was plantife and Mr. Richard Ely def"*, which was 
an appeale from the County Court of New London, June 3'^, 
1673. 

Octo: 11. The Court haueing heard the appeale, doe find 



•So in the record. Mattatock, Mattituck, or Matitacoock, — afterwards (May, 1686,) named 
fVaterbury. The petition is signed by Thomas Newell, John Lankton, Daniel Warner, Abraham 
Andrews, Thomas Ilnncox, and twenty-one others ; and is accoinpanied by a certificate from 
Thomas Newell, Sen., John Warner, Sen, and Richard Seymour, that havin? been "to view 
Matitacoocke in referans to plantation [they] doe judge it capable of the same." [T. &Lands, I. 
Hoc. IGS>, 1C3.] 



COLONY OF CONNECTICUT. 211 

that Mr. Ely hath not attended the awarde, to the forfeiting 
of his bond.* 

The Court is adjourned till Munday next, nine of the clock. 

Octo: 13. The Court mett according to the adjournment. 

This Court appoynts Mr. Calkin and Mr. John Birchwood 
to lay out to L^t Bull, &c. that grant of land which by way 
of exchang was granted to him, 2^ March, 165|^,f by this 
Court, according to the grant. 

This Court appoynt Major Rob* Treat, Capt" Edward 
Palmes and L^t Tho: Tracey, to veiw the fence appoynted 
to Mr. Richard Ely, by the people of Saybrooke, for the fence- 
ing of the coinon feild, and state how much he should mayn- 
tayn, if he make choyse to fence in comon with the people of 
Saybrooke ; as allso to sett down how much Mr. Ely shall 
fence, if he shall choose to fence in his neck of land distinct, 
to make it a distinct feild from that belonging to the sayd 
people of Saybrooke. 

Whereas this Court haue fownd that Mr. Ely hath not 
attended his awarde in reference to fence, whereto he was 
obliged in the suiTie of fiue hundred pownd, and the plantife 
haueing declared his charg expended in prosecution to be 
nine pownds, twelue and sixpence, as allso that Mr. Ely did 
not repayre or make sixty rod of fence that was set out to 
him by the towne of Saybrooke, for which this Court doe 
order Mr. Ely to pay to the sayd towne six pownd, which 
being payd with the charge, viz: nine pownd, twelue and 
sixpence, and the sayd Mr. Ely makeing the diuident fence 
or comon fence (which he shall choose,) according as shall be 
appoynted by Major Robert Treat, Captain Edward Palmes 
and Leiufnt Tho: Tracey, and engageing to mayntayne the 
same, Mr. Richard Ely is freed from the forfeiture of his bond 
of fiue hundred pownd. 

* A dispute having arisen between Mr. Richard Ely and the townsmen of Saybrook, respect- 
ing his proportion of fence on the Western Neck, and involving his title to certain lands 
claimed by him, the matter was referred to arbitration, Mr. Ely and the town mutually binding 
themselves, under a forfeiture of X500, to submit to the award which should be made by the 
arbitrators. [See Kec. of Court of Assists., I. 16; and the original files, in Pr v. Controv. I. 
139-161.] 

I Col. Rec. I. 230. 



212 PUBLIC RECORDS OF THfi 

14th. Seuerall Gent° from Long Island appeared before 
the Court and requested advice and councill from the Court, 
and presented seuerall papers for consideration to this Court.* 

lo'h. In answer to Mr. Richeson's petitionf this Court 
declares that the most ancient grants of land to perticular 
persons, which were made by the Court of the Massachusetts 
Colony or Conecticutt, in the bownds of Stoneington, either 
on the west or east side of Pawcatuck River, shall be injoyed 
in their just and due proportion, when the particuler proprie- 
tors of those lands in differences shall appeare or some in 
their behalfe to assert the right of their grants, at the next 
General Assembly at Hartford in May next, for a full and 
finall confirmation of them ; and in the meantime those that 
haue present possession shall not be molested therein till after 
that time. 

16th. Joseph Pratt is propownded for a freeman. 

Those propownded for freemen formerly are now accepted 
by this Court, and the Assistants or Commissioners in their 
respectiue townes are appoynted to administer the oath of 
freemen to them. 

This Court grants a rate of a penny halfe penny vpon the 
pownd, of all the rateable estate in this Colony, to discharge 
Country debts. 

[40] Those that are appoynted for nomination for the yeare 
ensueing are, Capt" Benja: Newbery, Capt^ Edward Palmes, 
Capt" Tho: Topping, Captaine Wm. Curtice, Mr. Sam^i 
Tallcott, Mr. Edward Gris would. Mi*. Mathew Gilbert and 
Mr. Wm. Hill. 

•"And being now in consultation upon the late overtures refenng to tne Dutch their sur- 
prisall of New Yorke and the places adjacent, and what was farther to be attended by us, there 
came vnto us of our dear countrymen and brethren of the east end of Long Island, Capt. John 
Howell, Capt. John Young and Mr. Tho; James, representatives of the three townes on the east 
end of Long Island, as appears from sevcrall letters credcntiall, accompanyed with severall others 
whoe fully declared vnto us their dolcfull and distressed estate by reason of the late threats and 
vsurpations of the Dutch, and have most affectionately petitioned us to afford tliem protection 
and government," &c. [Letter from the Gen. Court, to Massachusetts, Oct. 17.] 

t Mr. Amos Richardson was a proprietor of lands in Stoninjrton, and east of Pawcatuck 
River, under grants made by Massachusetts, before the surrender to Connecticut of the 
jurisdiction of the Pequot country. lie now, in behalf of himself and others similarly interested, 
petitions the General Court for a confirmation of the Massachusetts grants, or " a determination 
whether those grants shall sUmd good to the grantees, provided that it doe not interfere upon 
any former grants by this Colony." [T. &c Lands, 1. 13(3.] 



COLONY OF CONNECTICUT, 



213 



This Court grants the Deputy Gouern'', for a salery for 
this yeare, the sume of thirty pownds. 

Mr. Willys, Major Tallcott and Mr. Allyn are by this Court 
appoynted to treate with Mr. Bishop, and to grant such con- 
sideration for his seruice and expence in the publique occa- 
sions as they judg meet. 

This Court appoynts the first Wednesday in November 
next to be a pub: day of Thankesgiueing. 

This Court appoynts Mr. Bishop, Mr. Woolcott & Mr. 
Allyn to audit the Treasurer's account for the yeare past. 

Whereas Vncas is indebted to Major Tallcott in the sume 
of tenn pownds, this Court grants Major John Tallcott liberty 
to receiue two hundred acres of land for the same. 

This Court appoynts Mr. John Moss and Mr. Brackett to 
lay out to Leiutenant Thomas Munson the grant of land 
granted to him by this Court, according to his grant. 

Whereas there hath been a long difference between the 
town of New London and Lyme,* the Court haueing heard 
the same and to put a finall issue thereto, doe now order 
that the land betweene Saybrooke fiue miles and New Lon- 
don four miles, as it was last measured by James Steele, 
Nath: White and Hugh Wells, shall be equally diuided be- 
tween the sayd towne of New London and the towne of 
Lyme ; to be diuided between the sayd townes by Ens: Nath : 
White and Sargt Hugh Wells. 

17th. This Court appoynts the Gouernor, Deputy Gou- 
erno"" and Councill, or so many of them as can be procured 
to attend it, to take the most effectual course they can to re- 
couer Moween, whoe w^as secured in the common goale upon 
suspition of murthering a Pequit girle, that he may be brought 
to a legall tryall. 

This Court order that the letter read in Court be by the 
Secreti'y signed in the name of the Court and sent to the 
Gouernor and Generall Court of the Massachusetts.! 

This Court confirmes Mr. Benj: Brewster, L"* of New 

* See pages 164, 174, ante ; and Appendix, No. XII. 

fSee Appendix, No. XIV. (4.) The original draft is in Col. Boundaries, II. 17. 



214 PUBLIC RECORDS OF THE 

London Troop, and Mr. Daniel Mason, Quarter Master of 
the sayd Troope. 

This Court grants Capt" Edward Palmes two hundred 
acres of land, prouided he take it up where it may not preju- 
dice any former grant to any plantation or perticuler person.* 

This Court grants Mr. Simon Bradstreet two hundred 
acres of land, upon the same tearmes with Capt" Edward 
Palmes.f 

This Court grants Mr. Samuel Martin one hundred and 
fifty acres of land, upon the same tearmes with Capt^* Ed- 
ward Palmes. 

Capt" Wm. Curtice and L"* Richard Olmstead are ap- 
poynted to lay out to Thomas Blachley or his assigne, his 
grant of land, according to his grant. 

John Miles is confirmed Ensigne of New Haven Traine 
Band. 

This Court confirmes the Grand Committee appoynted 
by the Generall Court, August the 7'^ last, to be in full 
power and authority according to their commission till the 
Court in May next. 

18' h. This Court desire and impower the Gouernor, Dept 
Gouerno"" and Assistants, w'h Capt^ Benjamen Newbery 
and ]\Ii-. Wm. Wadsworth, or so many of them as shall meet 
together, upon the return of an answer from the colonies of 
the Massachusets & Plimouth, with their aduice, consent 
and grant of assistance to protect the people of the east end 
of Long Island, and to establish Gouerment amongst them, 
to doe in the case what shall be needfull, so as may be most 
aduantagious for our own good and the good of the people 
afoarsayd, according to their good and sownd discression. 

This Court orders and appoynts Mr. Sam'' Willys and 
Mr. James Richards to compare one of the Law bookes| 
w'h the originall, and to see that the printer rectify the erra- 
taes according to his couenant. 

• Sold by Mr. Palmes to The: Parkes, Sen' ; to whom it was laid out, 1679, on Pachaug River. 
[Col. Rec. Lands, I. 454] 
t Laid out to Mr. B. on the east side Pachaug River. [Col. Rec. of Lands, L 277.] 
i For a notice of this Law book of 1073, — the first published revision of the Connecticut 
Laws, — see Appendix XV. 



COLONY OF CONNECTICUT. 215 

[41] This Court order that the Constables in the seuerall 
plantations shall publish in their respectiue townes o"" lawes 
as they are now printed, some time between this and the last 
of December next, and from that day they shall be accounted 
to be in full force and vertue. 

This Court doth most affectionately recommend it to all 
the churches and townes throughout this Colony, most seri- 
ously to beare upon their hearts the troublesome and hazard- 
ous affayres and interests of the people of God throwout 
the world in generall, and in perticular our owne nation, and 
to obserue some day or dayes of Humiliation and Prayer 
this winter season, according as shall be agreed upon (most 
accomadateing to their own conveniences,) by the leaders 
ciuill and ecclesiasticaU in each towne and societie, earnestly 
to implore the Lord to mayntayne his owne cause and the 
cause and interest of his people, as the matter doth or may 
require. 

In answer to Mr. Groues and Mr. Hawley's petition, this 
Court haue thought meet to recomend it to Mr. Jacob 
Walker, and doe aduise that he forbeare troubling the widow 
of Mr. Blackman in the improuement of those lands he layes 
clayme to, dureing her naturall life, which is no wayes con- 
tradictorie to the determination of the arbitrators ; and his 
not doeing the same will not onely be greiuious to the widow 
but allso not pleasing to the Court. 

The Court's adjourned till the Gouerno'' or Dept Gou- 
erno"" see cause to call them agayne. 

Octobi" 20. Vpon some intelligence from Long Island, 
the Gouerno'' and Dep' &c. called the Deputies to return to 
a farther consideration vpon what is now com to hand. 

The Court voted that the letter read in Court be sent to 
the Gouernor and Generall Court of the Massachusetts, a 
coppy whereof is on file.* 

This Court impowers the Gouerno"" and Assistants pres- 
ent to write a letter to the commander of New Yorke ; and 

* The copy of this letter is not preserved. 



216 



PUBLIC RECORDS OF THE 



leaue it to them to write as they see cause and judg con- 
venient.* 

The Courtis adjourned till the Gouerno^ or Dept Gouerno' 
see cause to call them againe. 



At a session of the Generall Courte by speciall 

ORDER FROM THE GoUERNO'', NoU"" 26, 1673. 



John Winthrop Esq'', Gouern^. 

Wm. Leet Esq"", Dep* Gouernt. 
Mr. Sam^i Willys, Mr. James Richards, 

Major John Tallcott, Major Rob^ Treate, 

Mr. Henry Woolcott, Capt" John Nash, 

Capt" John Allyn, Mr. Antho: Howkins. 



Deputies. 
Mr. Wm. Wadsworth, 
Mr. Sam" Tallcott, 
Mr. James Treat, 
Capt" Benj: Newbery, 
Deacon Jn" Moore, 
L"t Tho: Munson, 
Mr. Jeri: Osborn, 
Capt" Wm. Curtice, 
Mr. Jos: Hawley, 
L»t Josi: Hull, 
Lnt Tho: Tracey, 
Lnt Wm. Fowler, 



The Gouernc^ having declared 
and giuen an acco* of what hath 
been acted by the Committee since 
the Generall Court met last. The 
Generall Court by their vote de- 
clared they well approued of and 
confirmed the same. 

Nou. 27. This Court by their 
vote determinated it was conven- 
ient to send a messenger to treat 
with the Gent" in the Massachu- 
sets, about the frameing an expe- 
dition against the Dutch.f 



•A copy of the letter, dated Oct. 21st, is in Col. Boundaries, II. 18. The bearer, John 
Banks, was detained in New York, by Gov. Colve, some fifteen days, before he was allowed to 
return home. It does not appear that any reply to tlie letter was received from the Dutch 
commander. [Letter to Massachusetts, in Col. Bounds., II. 19.] See Appendix XIV. 

t A special session of the General Court of Massachusetts was convened at Boston, Decem- 
ber 10th. On receipt of letters from Connecticut, they ordered a ship and ketch to be forth- 
with fitted out from Boston, to cruise on the Mass-achusetts coast and towards Block Island, 
for the protection of New England vessels; and also ordered oGO foot soldiers and two troopa 
of horse to be enlisted from that Colony, under the command of Major Daniel Denison, to be 
ready to march at two days' warnins. [Letter from Massachusetts, in Col. Boundaries, II. 20.] 



COLONY OF CONNECTICUT. 217 

Lnt "VVm. Seward, Nou. 28. Forasmuch as com- 

Lnt 'Wm. Pratt, plaints are still made of intolerable 

Serjt Wm. Parker, insufficiencies and gross defects in 

Deacon Jn" Fowler, armes and ammunition, especially 

Serjt Tho: Campfeild, in some county es, w^h in times of 
Serjt Walt"" Hoyte, danger may be destructiue to the 

Mr. Jos: Theall, estates. Hues and liberties of the 

Mr. John Bowton, people of this Colony, notwith- 

Mr. Dan: Swaine, standing all former lawes and or- 

Corp' Jno Gilbert, ders, this Court sees it cause and 

Mr. "Wm. Cheeny, case of necessity farther to order 

Mr. Math: Griswold, that there shall be a muster-master 

Mr. Dan: Witherly, appoynted in each county, whoe 

Mr. James Rogers, glueing notice to the chiefe mili- 

Ens: John Wadsworth, tary officers of the seuerall Traine 
Serjt John Standly. Bands when he will take his veiw 

of their armes, and the sayd cheife 
military officers of the seuerall and respectiue Traine Bands 
in this Colony shall accordingly take order that notice be 
giuen of the place and time for all those whoe by lawe are 
required to prouide armes and ammunition, to appeare be- 
fore the sayd chiefe military officers of the respectiue com- 
panies, and the muster-master ; and whosoeuer shall then be 
fownd defectiue in their armes or ammunition, or not ap- 
peare, shall forfeit flue shillings according to lawe, for euery 
defect ; which fine shall be taken by distresse from authority, 
and deliuered to the cheife officers of each company, by them 
to be improued for the use and behoofe of each company. 
Besides all which, for the certainty of reparation of those 
defects without delay, there shall either securety be giuen 
in to the sayd muster-master to haue the defects repayred 
by the day set him, or so much more of the delinquent's es- 
tate shall be seized and put into the sayd officer's hand as 
he conceiues meet to repayre the same, with all necessary 
charges thereabouts. But if any householder be fownd un- 
able, the town must deposite for him untill he may repay 
them ; and for single persons, the former order to take place. 
And the sayd muster master is to giue an acco' after euery 
19 



218 PUBLIC RECORDS OF THE 

such veiw, how he findes things, vnto the Major or next 
cheife officer of their county respectiuely. The muster- 
master for Hartford county shall be Ensigne John Wads- 
worth ; for New London county, Leivtenant Tho: Tracey ; 
for Fayrefeild county, Leiutenant Richard Olmsted. And 
the sayd muster-masters are ordered to attend this worke 
[42] once a yeare, || and to be sworne to a due execution of 
their office according to this order, and they shall be payd for 
euery veiw of a company, six shillings eight pence p^ day, 
to be payd forthwith by the cheife military officer's order 
from the clarke of each Traine Band. And the clarkes of 
the Traine Bands are to attend their respectiue places and 
duties as formerly, any thing in this order not wt^standing. 
The muster-masters are allso to veiw the towne's stock of 
ammunition, and make return how they find the respectiue 
townes supplyed. 

Major John Tallcott was nominated and appoynted Com- 
mander in Cheife of such military forces as shall be raysed in 
this Colony and sent against N. Yorke. 

Major Rob' Treate is nominated and appoynted the second 
Commander of such forces as shall be sent agaynst N. Yorke. 

L"' Tho: Bull is chosen Captain for such forces as shall be 
sent from Hartford county. Capt" John Nash is chosen Cap- 
tain for such forces as shall be sent from New Haven county. 
Capt" Wm. Curtice is chosen Captain for such forces as 
shall be sent from Fayrefeild County. Leiutenant James 
Auery is chosen Capt'i for such forces as shall be sent from 
New London county. 

Mr. Thomas Trowbridg is chosen Commissary for this pres- 
ent expedition. 

In consideration of the great expences that hath befallen 
this Colony by reason of the motions that haue been amongst 
us by reason of the enemie, this Court haue now seen cause 
to add a penny upon the pownd of all the rateable [estates] 
of this Colony, which makes with the former grant the 
Country Rate two pence halfe penny upon the pownd. 

This Court desires and impowers the Gouerno'' and As- 
sist"* to write a letter to the Gouerno'' and Councill of the 



COLONY OF CONNECTICUT. 



219 



Massachusets, in the name of this Court, and the Secretly to 
subscribe it* 

This Court haueing seriously considered the present state 
of affayres in refFerence to those of the Dutch nation at New 
Yorke, whoe are not onely open and profest enemies to our 
nation, and in an hostili mafier haue inuaded part of his 
Maties Dominions in New England, but are still doeing acts 
of hostility and threaten more as they shall be able, seizing 
our vessells and shedding English blood, doe find o''selues 
necessitated forthw^h to rayse and send forth such forces, both 
by sea and land (in conjunction w^i' the rest of the Vnited 
Colonyes,) as may defend o^ persons and estates both on the 
mayne and on the east end of Long Island from their out- 
rages, and repress the power and violence of such a danger- 
ous enemie ; and accordingly are resolued, with all expedi- 
tion, to attend the same, tru.sting in Allmighty God that he 
will bless and prosper us in this our righteous cause, being 
necessitated thereunto in our own just defence.f And in 
regard the management of this affayre requires speed and se- 
crecy, which cannot be so aduantagiously carryed on by the 
whole Generall Court as by a smaller body. It is therefore 
ordered by this Court and the Authority thereof, that there 
shall be a standing Councell of Warr in this Colony for the 
management of this affayre, consisting of the Gouerno'" or 
Dept Gouerno'" and Assistants, Capt" Benjamen Newbery, 
Ens: John Wadsworth, Capt" Tho: Topping, L"* Wm. Fow- 
ler and L"*^ Tho: Munson, which sayd Councell vpon special 
order, (upon all occasions,) from the Gouerno"" or Dept. Gou- 
erno^ or Secretary, by their or either of their appoyntment, 
shall be called to conveen at the time and place they shall 
appoynt; who being assembled, or the major part of them, 
they or any fiue or seuen of them concurring, the Gouerno"^ 
or Dept. Gouerno ■■ being all way es one, shall haue full power 

* No copy of this letter has been preserved. 

t The only reference to hostilities with the Dutch upon the eastern end of Long Island, which 
is now to be found in the State Files, occurs in a fragment of a letter from Capt. John Win- 
throp, dated at Southhold, Feb. 25th, 1073-4. A copy of all of this letter which is now legi- 
ble, is given in the Appendix XV. (No. 9.) It is much to be regretted that so interesting a 
paper should have suffered mutilation. 



220 PUBLIC RECORDS OF THE 

to act as a Councill of Warr in establishing or commission- 
ateing of millitary officers, in makeing of martiall lawes, in 
pressing of men, horses, ships, barques or other vessells, armes, 
ammunition, prouissions, carriages or whateuer they may 
judg to be needful! for this present expedition ; and all there 
actings in this concern to be valid as if done by the Generall 
Court of this Colony. And the Generall Court engageth to 
rayse, by rate upon the severall plantations in this Colony 
according to their severall proportions, such moneys as shall 
be necessary for the defraying the charge as shall be expend- 
ed as afoarsayd. Which Councell, though it be one, yet 
must they act as seasons will permit and as the exigencie of 
cases may be first presented to New Haven or Hartford, each 
endeauouring to cofnunecate to the other their inteligence and 
apprehensions of matters, with desire of their help, whether 
at Hartford or New Haven the meeting shall be so occa- 
sioned. This order to stand in force till the Gen^' Court in 
May next. 

The Court is adjourned till the Gouerno'' or Deputy Gou- 
ernc see cause to call them. 



[43] A Court of Election held at Hartford, May 

14th, 1674. 

These were nominated for election : — ^John Winthrop Esq"", 
Wm. Leet Esq^ Mr. Sam" Willys, Major Nathan Gold, 
Major John Tallcott, Mr. Henry Woolcott, Capt" John Al- 
lyn, Mr. Wm. Joanes, Mr. James Richards, Mr. Alexand"" 
Bryant, Mr. James Bishop, Capt" John Nash, Major Rob* 
Treat, Capt" Benj: Newbery, Capt" Edw: Palmes, Capt" 
Tho: Topping, Capt" Wm. Curtice, Mi". Samii Tallcott, Mr. 
Edward Griswold, Mr. Math: Gilbert, Mr. Wm. Hill. 

These were elected : 

John Winthrop Esq"", Gouerno"". 5. 
Wm. Leet Esq"^, Dept: Gouerno"". s. 



COLONY OF CONNECTICUT. 221 

Assistants chosen. 

Mr. Samuell Willys, sworn. Mr. James Richards, s. 

Major Nathan Gold, Mr. Alexandr Bryant, 

Major John Tallcott, s. Mr. James Bishop, s. 

Mr. Henry Woolcott, s. Capt" John Nash, s. 

Mr. John Allyn, s. Major Rob^ Treat, s. 

Mr. Wm. Joanes, s. Capt" Tho: Topping, s. 

Major John Tallcott, Treasurer. 

Captn John Allyn, Secrefy. 
The Secretary and Mr. James Richards were chosen Com- 
missioners for the Vnited Colony s, and Major Tallcott for a 
reserue. 

The Deputies of the Court are^ — 
For Hartford ; Mr. Wm. Wadsworth, Mr. Rich^ Lord. 
For Wethersfeild ; Mr. Samii Tallcott, Mr. James Treate. 
For Farmington ; Ens: John Wadsworth, Serj* John Standly. 
For Middleton ; Mr. Giles Hamlin, Mr. Nath: White. 
For Milford ; L"' Wm. Fowler, Mr. George Clark. 
For Stratford ; Capt" Wm. Curtice, Mr. Jose: Hawley. 
For Standford ; L"^ Jonath: Bell, Abram Ambler. 
For Simsbury; John GrifFen. 

For Kenilworth ; Mr. Edward Griswold, L^t Josi: Hull. 
For Wallingford ; L"' Nath: Merriman. 
For Norwalke ; John Gregory, John Bowton. 
For Windsor; Capt" Benjamin Newbery, Deacon John 

Moore. 
For New London; Major Edward Palmes. 
For New Haven ; L"' Tho: Munson, Jeremy Osborn. 
For Guilford ; Deacon Wm. Johnson, Ens: John Graue. 
For Norwich ; Ens: Tho: Leffingwell, Simon Huntington. 
For Fayrefeild ; Mr. Jehu Burr, Mr. John Burr. 
For Saybrook; Mr. Rob' Chapman, L"' Wm. Pratt. 
For Lyme; Mr. Math: Griswold, Sarjt Reinold Maruin. 
For Haddum ; Mr. James Bates, Mr. Rich: Pyper. i 
For Stonington ; Mr. Tho: Stanton, Mr. Nehem: Palmer. 
For Branford ; Mr. John Wilford, Daniel Swain. 
[44] May 15. The Commissioners for the severall planta- 
tions, appoynted last May, are allso now confirmed for the 

19* 



222 



PUBLIC RECORDS OF THE 



yeare ensueing in their plantations, and invested with Mag- 
estraticall power within their respectiue limitts. Major Treat 
is desired and authorized to administer the oath of Assist- 
ants to Major Gold, Mr. Bryant and Capt" Topping, and of 
Commissioners to ]\ir. Hill, Mr. Burr, Mr. Sherman, Mr. 
Fitch, L"' Olmstead, Mr. Lawes and Mr. Holly. Mr. Stan- 
ton to administer the oath of CoiTiissioners to Mr. Minor; 
and one of the Assistants to L"' Mason and L"' Auery. 

It is ordered that the thankes of this Court be returned to 
the Reverend Mr. James Fitch for the great paynes he hath 
taken in preaching the election sermon before this Court, and 
that he be desired to grant a coppy of the sayd sermon that 
it may be printed ; and the Treasurer is appoynted to defray 
the charge.* 

This Court upon the information rec<^ from the Hono'"<^ 
Gouern"" and Councill of the Massachusets of the peace con- 
cluded between England and Holland, with the Articles Of 
Peace and the Proclamation, doe judg it necessary forthwith 
by some messengers to acquaint those of New Yorke with 
the sayd peace and proclamation, and doe appoynt Mr. Sam- 
uel Martin and Mr. Jonath: Sillick to be their messengers. 

This Court approues of the Instructions drawn up for Mr. 
Martin &c., and of the letter for Mounts'" Colve,| and order it 
to be signed by the Secretary in the name of the Court, and 
send away the same ; the coppyes whereof are on file. 

May 16. The Court adjourned to Munday next. 

May 17.J The Court being mett proceeded. 

The Court findeing that the former order respecting sheep, 
the hoarding of them together, made May last, hath not been 
duely attended by reason there is no penalty anexed to the 
sayd order, doe now order that such persons as shall neglect 
to put their sheep to the heard such sheep shall be lyable to 
be pownded ; and for every sheep so povvnded shall be payd to 

• This JH the first Electiiiii Sermon primed by order of the (Jeneral Assembly. 

t Anthony Colve, forini;rly captain of a company of Nelherland infantry in the service of the 
8tatCB General, was commissioned (Aug. lith.) by Evertsen and Bonckes as Governor General 
of the New Netherlands. No copies of the letters to Mr. M.irtin and Gov Colve have been 
preserved. 

t There is an error here, in the date, which continues through the remainder of the ses- 
sion. Saturday, the day of adjournment, being the IGth, Monday should have been dated, May 
18tl.. 



COLONY OF CONNECTICUT. 223 

the person that impownds them, without delay, two pence p"* 
head. 

Freemen propownded : — Norwalke, James Sension, Samii 
Smith, John Benedict, Sam^^ Benedict and Ralph Kelor; 
Milford, Jonath: Balding, Dauid Baldwin ; Windsor, John 
Gillett, Thomas Buckland, Mr. John Fyler ; Simsbury, John 
Slaughter. 

Sargt Nath: Seely is by this Court appoynted to joyne 
with those formerly appoynted by this Court to lay out the 
bownds between Fayrefeild and Norwalke, in Mr. Hill's 
stead. 

John Olmstead is by this Court confirmed Ensigne of the 
Traine Band of Norwalke. 

This Court being acquainted of a difficulty in the passage 
between Kenilworth and Guilford, ouer Homonoscitt Riuer, 
the road not yet being stated, haue now seen cause to state 
the road thorow Nath: Hayden's quarter, from the town of 
Kenilworth to the place where Wm. Steuens' Bridg stood 
formerly, which highway is to be a sufficient highway, not 
less than two rod wide ; and in liew thereof, this Court grants 
the quantity of two hundred acres of land to the persons con- 
cerned in that quarter, they to take it up where it may not 
prejudice any former grant to any perticuler person or plant- 
ation. 

This Court grants the people of Wallingford liberty to 
build a bridg ouer New Hauen Riuer, in the most convenient 
place that may be for the generall and perticuler good ; and 
this Court doth declare that their building the bridg there 
shall be no argument, or not improued as an argument to 
setle the mayntenance of the bridg upon New Haven or Wal- 
lingford, nor no way engage them thereunto. 
[45] May 18. James Steele and Nath: Willet made a re- 
turn to the Court, of their measureing and laying out the 
bownds of Farmingten, whigh was approued by this Court 
and ordered to be recorded, and is as followeth :— 

These may certify the Honoured Generall Court or whom 
els it may concern, that we whose names are here underwrit- 
ten being appoynted by the Court afoars*^ to measure or set 



224 



PUBLIC RECORDS OF THE 



out to Farmington, ten miles sowthward from the Rownd 
Hill in the sayd Farmington meadow, we haue accordingly 
measured out the sayd ten miles sowth, to a tree marked 
F: B. I: S. I: W. May 7: 1672, which sayd tree stands on the 
west side of a swamp under the Hanging Hill, near the 
sowth end of the sayd hill. 

James Steele, Nath: Willett. 

Farther I being appoynted as afoars'^ to measure the 
bredth of Farmington bownds, from Hartford bownds west- 
ward, haue accordingly measured out eleven miles from the 
afoarsayd Hartford bownds towards Mattatock, to a white 
oak tree marked with diuers letters and figures, as S: S. I: S. 
F: B. I: W. I: R. May 7: 73, with diuers other trees marked 
in the sayd line. 

James Steele. 

Although there haue been some objections against the 
countrye's acco* that come from the constables of Fayrefeild, 
whereby they haue not been signed by the auditors, this 
Court passeth by what defects were therein, and impower the 
present auditors to pass those acco^s notwithstanding those 
objections. 

This Court orders that there shall be a person chosen in 
each towne by the inhabitants thereof, who when any con- 
trouersie shall arise between the buyer and the seller concern- 
ing the fowlenes or badness of Corn and the unmerchanta- 
bleness of Porck when payd by the pownd, to regulate and 
decide such controuersies. 

It is ordered that there shall be a Hayward or Hajrwards 
chosen in each plantation in this Colony, who shall be sworn 
to a due execution of their office with this folioweing oath : — 
You A. B. being chosen Hayward for the towne of H. doe 
sweare by the great and dreadfuU name of the euerhueing 
God, that you will with care and dilligence attend the oflice 
you are chosen to, and execute the same withovit all partiali- 
ty, according to your ability and as there shall be occasion for 
the same, so help you God. , 

The Committee appoynted by the Generall Court for the 
veiwing of Mattatock, returne that they judg it a suitable 
place to accomadate thirty famalies.* 

* " April 6, 7, 8, 9, 1674. Wee whose names are underwritten (according to the desire and 



COLONY OF CONNECTICUT. 



225 



This Court nominate and appoynt Major John Tallcott, 
Lnt Robt Webster, L"t Nicho: Olmstead, Ens: Samii Steele 
and Ens: John Wadsworth, to be a committee to regulate 
and order the setleing of a plantation at Mattatock in the 
most suitable way that may be. 

May 19. Corporall John Bissell and Sam^i Grant are^ 
nominated and appoynted to lay out to Timothy Phelps a 
grant of lanfl formerly granted to his father (by this Court,) 
and passed ouer to him, according to his grant; as allso they 
are to lay out to Benedict Alford his grant of land, according 
to his grant. 

And Corporall Bissell and Tho: Bissell are appoynted to 
lay Mathew Grant's grant of land according to his grant. 

This Court appoynts Ens: Nath: White and Deacon John 
Hall to lay out the line between Saybrooke and Kenilworth, 
and allso to lay out the North line of Kenilworth from Say- 
brook lyne on the east till it meets with Guilford lyne on the 
west, according to their grant. 

This Court appoynts Major Tallcott, Major Treat and Mr. 
Wm. Wadsworth, to be a committee to hear the Indian com- 
plaints and to draw the same to an issue, as near as they can, 
and to present the same to this Court for confirmation. 

It appeareing to this Court that Joseph Smith, of Rocky 
Hill, had made some exchange of lands in Wethersfeild Isl- 
and and the vpland, with his brother Jonathan Smith, for a 
parcell of land lying near Mile Meadow, which were not con- 
firmed in the life time of the sayd Joseph Smith, this Court 
[46] haue now seen reason || to order that the relict of the 
sayd Joseph Smith be hereby impowered to confirm the sayd 
alienations or exchange, in behalfe of her husband who is de- 
ceased, and to receiue her brother's confirmation as afoar- 
sayd. 

appointment of y honoured Court) haue veiwed yi= lands upon Mattatuck River, in order to a 
plantation. We doe apprehend that there is about six hundred acres of meadow and plowing 
land lying on both sides of y« riuer, besides upland convenient for a towne plot, with a suitable 
outlet into y" woods on y= west of y'' riuer, and good feeding land for cattell. The meadow and 
plowing land abouewritten, a considerable part of it, lyeth in two peices near the town plot ; 
ye rest in smaller percels, ye farthest of which we iudge not aboue fower miles from ye towne 
plot, and our apprehensions are that it may accommodate thirty familyes. 

Thomas Bull, Nicho: Olmstead, Robert Webster." 

[T. & Lands, 1. 164. 1 



226 



PUBLIC RECORDS OF THE 



The relict of Anthony Martin* is hereby authorized to con- 
firm unto Ens: Nath: White one acre of meadow which her 
husband in his life time sold Ens: Nath: White, but confirmed 
not his sale before his death. 

Whereas o'' neighbours on the east end of Long Island 
^who were formerly associated with us, haue bin commanded 
by the Dutch to yeild their obedience and submission to their 
power, and were by them not onely threatened'with ruin by 
fire and sword but severall times assaulted with considerable 
force by the enemie, and had bin brought to oppressing 
straights by the sayd Dutch had not this Colony assisted 
them by force of armes, through the assistance and good 
prouidence of God, to the expelling of the enemie out of their 
coasts ;f and the sayd people petitioning this Court for the 
continuance of them under their assistance and gouerment; 
in answer to the petition and application of the sayd Long 
Island Gentn, representatiues for Sowthhampton, East Hamp- 
ton and Sowth Hold, the Court see cause to return as follow- 
eth, (viz:) That they doe owne and approue that those sayd 
townes shall contiilue in association with this Colony, and 
they shall therein be priuiledged orderly as other our inhabit- 
ants, upon all accounts, as farr as shalbe in our lawfuU power 
from his Ma^'^s gracious grant in his Charter, and according 
to the order of the Comittee impowered by the General! 
Court in October last, wherby officers were then appoynted 
amongst them. 

According to the order of this Court, Octob'" last, the Reu- 
erend Mr. Joseph Haines, for himselfe and the rest of the 
heirs of the Honoured John Haynes Esq"", appeareing before 
this Court to present and assert their title and interest in a 
tract of land granted to the sayd Honoured Mr. John Haynes, 
the Court haueing heard, veiwed and considered what hath 
been presented by the sayd Mr. Joseph Haynes, as allso what 
hath been objected against the same by Mr. Simon Lynds, doe 
declare that they doe find the grant of the Generall Court to 
the Hono""^ Mr. Haynes, June 30'^, 52, which hath been fully 

• Of Middletown ; died, Nov. 16, 1673. [Prob. Rec. HI. 123.] 
t See letter from John WiniUrop, in Appendii XIV. (7.) 



COLONY OF CONNECTICUT. 227 

stated by this Generall Court, measured and bownded out, 
possessed and improued by the sayd Mr. Haynes and his 
successors for many yeares, and that before the Honoured 
Capt" Gookins had* any just pretence to the same. And 
therefore this Court doth declare that by what hath appeared, 
they cannot but conclude that it is the undoubted right of 
Mr. Haynes his children to be continued in the possession of 
the afoarsayd land granted to them at Pawcatuck on the east 
side of the sayd river, and doe accordingly confirm the sayd 
tract of land, as it hath been layd out to them by James 
Morgan and possest by them, to remayn good to them, their 
heirs and assignes forever. 

20. This Court, upon Wallingford's Deputies' motion and 
request, doe grant them a release from paying Country Rates 
for this present yeare. 

This Court grants that Paumperaug and the plantation 
there shall be called by the name of Woodbury, which town 
is by this Court freed from Country Rates fower yeares from 
this date. 

In pursuance of an order of the General Court, October 
last, this Court haueing heard what hath been presented by 
Mr. Simon Lynds, Mr. Roger Playstead, Mr. John Payne and 
Mr. Amos Richeson, in behalfe of himselfe and the Colledg, 
in refFerence to their clayme of lands about Mistick and Paw- 
catuck, haueing veiwed their grants and what els hath been 
presented, doe see reason (haueing confirmed Mr. Haynes 
his grant on the east side Pawcatuck, to his successors like- 
wise) to confirme the grants on the east side Pawcatuck River 
formerly made by the Massachusetts Honoured Generall 
[47] Court whiles Stoneington, formerly || Sowtherton, was 
under their gouerment, vnto Capt" Daniel Gooking, the Col- 
ledg, Capt" Prentice, Mr. Rawson, Mr. Mellowes, Mr. Dean 
Winthrop and Mr. Symonds, or to their assignes ; allwayes 
prouided those grants doe not intrench upon former grants, 
and that they be regulated according to the number of acres 
granted [by] the Honoured granters, whether Massachusets 
or Conecticutt, and be sufficiently bownded and layed out 
within those tracts of land they haue formerly pitched upon, 



228 



PUBLIC RECORDS OF THE 



within a twelue moneth from this day, as themselues may 
direct, lyeing together in a convenient form. And for the 
lands on the west side Pawcatuck, whateuer grants are 
there made by the Massachusets w'^i^ the hmits granted to 
New London, whilst Mistick and Pawcatuck belonged to 
them, it is accoted to be of no value; but for what lands were 
granted to the Colledg and the Honed Mr. Dantforth with- 
out these limitts, if any be, which are now taken up and in- 
joyed by the inhabitants of Stoneington, this Court see 
cause to propownd that they will be willing in regard of the 
charge such haue expended thereupon to grant some recom- 
pence in som other place for those grants, when it is pro- 
pownded for to this Court.* Mr. Math: Griswold, L"* Tho: 
Tracey and Ens: Thomas Leffingwell and Mr. Tho: Minor, 
they or any two or three of them are appoynted to lay out 
those lands accordingly, when called by the proprietors. 

In refference to Wequapaug neck or Musquetta claymed 
by Mr. Simon Lynd as assigne to Capt" Denison, this Court 
haueing heard their pleas and veiwed what papers they pre- 
sented doe find that the sayd neck of land was firstly giuen 
and layed out to the towneship of Sowtherton, now Stone- 
ington, being within the bownds granted them by the Hon- 
oured Court of the Massachusets, therefore was at the sayd 
towne's dispose. 

Vpon the motion of the Deputies of Haddum, this Court 
grants that the east end of the bownds of Haddum on the 
north side, shall runn east so farr as it makes their east 
bownds a north and sowth lyne, prouided they grant and 
alow Mr. Robert Chapman fifty acres of land by his house to 
the northward of his meadow, abutting on the great River, 
and three hundred acres of land more to be layd out to him 
by Ens: Nath: White and Deacon John Hall of Midleton, in 
som place as they shall judg convenient for s^ Mr. Chapman 
and as litle prejudiciall unto the town as may be. It is allso 
hereby declared that Mr. Rob* Chapman haueing these tracts 
of land layd out to him, he doth and will relinquish all his 
clayme and pretences of clayme to any other land within the 

• See Appendix, VIII. 



COLONY OF CONNECTICUT. 229 

towneship of Haddum, comonage for feed of cattell and priu- 
iledge of getting timber, excepted. 

Tiiis Court doth nominate and appoynt Capt" John How- 
ell, Capt" John Younges and Mr. John Mulford to be Com- 
missioners for the townes of Sowth Hampton, East Hamp- 
ton and Southhold, and they are hereby impowered to keep 
a County Court in those townes as there shall be occasion, 
and they are invested with Magistraticall power. 

[May] 21. We vnderwritten were appoynted by the Gen- 
erall Assembly, October last past, to dcuide that ouerplush 
land that was fownd between Lyme's fine miles and New 
London's fower miles ; accordingly we did, according to the 
Honoured Court's appoyment, diuide the sayd land to the 
best of our abillity, and there made a ditch about six foot 
long, upon a playn a little to the east of Leivtenant Bull his 
farme house, and at each end of the ditch we set up a stake 
and layd stones about the stakes ; which equall diuission of 
the sayd land was made by us about the latter end of Nou- 
ember, 1673. 

Nath: White, Hugh Wells. Vera Copia. 

Vpon the motion of the Deputies of New London and 
Lyme, this Court remitts to New London and Lyme the 
fines that were set upon them for some disorderly carriage of 
some of theire inhabitants.* 

[48] Whereas it is sayd in the Law Title, Highwayes, fo: 
28, that the suruayors haue power allowed to call out the 
seuerall persons &c. fit for labour, to worke at the highwayes 
&c., — This Court declares that by persons for labour, in the 
sayd Law, is to be understood such as are of sixteen yeares 
of age and upwards till sixty. 

22. This Court doth desire and impower Mr. Sam'' Wil- 
lys, Major John Tallcott and the Secretary, they or any two 
of them, to goe ouer to Long Island as soone as they may, 
and are hereby impowered to order and setle the affayres of 
those people, and to establish such military officers amongst 
them as they shall see reason and judge necessary. 

This Court orders that the clarkes of the Traine Bands are 
hereby freed from traineing, watching and wardeing. 

* See Appendix XII. 

20 



230 PUBLIC RECORDS OF THE 

This Court in answer to Mr. Amos Richerson's petition, 
and to put an issue to all elaymes of his on the west side of 
Pawcatuck River by vertue of grants from the Massachusets 
in behalfe of IMr. Dantforth or any other, this Court grants 
him three hundred acres of land where he may find it, proui- 
ded he take it up where it may not prejudice any former 
grant to any plantation or perticuler person, and there be not 
aboue twenty acres of meadow land therein. 

In answer to Mr. Lynds his petition, this Court aduiseth 
the town of Stoneington if there be any ouerpluss upon 
Squamacuk neck when his gi-ant of fine hundred is layd out, 
then to ad one hundred acres of land to the sayd fine hun- 
dred, to be layd out with the former ; and this advice being 
attended is to be a finall issue of that matter. 

This Court grants the administratrix of the estate of John 
Wyatt, late of Haddum, to sell the land of her late husband 
there, prouided there be sufficient securety giuen for the pay- 
ment of her children's portion. 

Thomas Bissell and Sam'^ Grant are by this Court ap- 
poynted to lay out to Goodman Buckland his grant of land 
to him, according to his grant. 

Thomas Bissell and Sam'' Grant are by this Court ap- 
poynted to lay out to Sarg' John Wadsworth his grant of 
land, according to his grant. 

This Court grants Mr. John Porter a hundred and twenty 
acres of land, prouided he take it up where it may not pre- 
judice any former grant; and Tho: Bissell and Samuel Grant 
are to lay it out to him. 

This Court grants John Bissell one hundred acres of land, 
prouided he take it up where it may not prejudice any former 
grant.* 

This Court grants John Standly one hundred and twenty 
acres of land, prouided he take it up where it may not pre- 
judice any former grant. 

This Court grants Jeremy Gillett Sen'" fifty acres of land, 

* This grant was, by the General Assembly, in 1720, ordered to be laid out to Daniel, son of 
John Bissell. [Col. Rec. V. 543 : T. & Lands, VI. 81.] 



COLONY OF CONNECTICUT. 231 

prouided he setles upon it, and takes it up where it may not 
prejudice any former grant. 

In refference to the sattisfying some debt that the Governor 
contracted when he was procureing our Charter, this Court 
grants that there shall be payd a penny upon the pownd of 
all the rateable estate in this Colony yearly, for three yeares 
next ensueing, to be payd as the Country Rate is to the Gou- 
erno'" or his assignes. 

Mr. Samii Willys, Major John Tallcott, Mr. James Rich- 
ards, Mr. John Wadsworth and Mr. John Allyn are by this 
Court appoynted to be a committee to consider of and dis- 
pose of some tracts of land to the best aduantage for the 
Countrey in procureing estate for them. 

The petition of the inhabitants of Wickford being read 
was well accepted, whereupon this Court doth nominate and 
appoynt the Hono^d Dept Gouernr Wm. Leete Esq'", Mr. 
James Richards and Major Edward Palmes to trauell to 
Wickford and to assert and setle Gouerment there : they are 
allso impowered there to keep a court, and to state Com^^ in 
[49] that plantation and those parts ; || and Mr. Richard 
Smith is appoynted to be a Commissioner and the president 
of such court as shall occassionally be kept there ; and the 
sayd Gent" are to swear such Coma's and constables as shall 
be appoynted by them in those partes.* 

Major Edward Palmes is invested with Magistraticall 
power throughout New London County and the Narrogan- 
cet country. 

This Court appoynts the last Wednesday in June next to 
be kept a day of publique Thankesgiueing throughout this 
Colony. 

* The petition of the inhabitants of Wickford does not appear, among the State Files. A 
" List of Familys" in that town, June, 1674, which was probably made by order of the Con- 
necticut Commissioners, is in Col. Boundaries, L 97. It contains the names of 57 persons. 
On the back of this document, is an endorsement in the hand-writing of Dep. Gov. Leete, — ap- 
parently the commencement of a proclamation or address to the people of Wickford, — as fol- 
lows : " Wickford, June 12. 1674. We the Com^s from y^ Gen" Co" of Conneciicut, according 
to our Commission from the said Gen" Con dated May y'^ 14, 1674, (notw"'standing the tumultu- 
ous interruption given vs by the Gov & Magistrates of Road Island in or prsent p^ceedings vnto 
such effect of doeing as was intended by vs for the good of the inhabitants here, agst w'='' we 
have pnested to y faces.) yet doe we hereby constitute & declare Mr. Richard Smith to be" — 



232 PUBLIC RECORDS OF THE 

This Court orders that the constables of the seuerall plan- 
tations shall forthwith take care that the Law Bookes be diss- 
posed to the people in their seuerall plantations, according 
to former order; and those constables whoe haue receiued 
too many bookes are to return them to the Secretary, and 
those that want law bookes are to take care to procure so 
many as answer the former order ; and the constables are to 
gather the pay for the law booke, and are hereby ordered to 
distrein those that do not pay according to former order, and 
this to be attended forthwith. 

This Court desires Mr. Eliphalet Joanes to take the paynes 
to dispence the word of God to the people of Kye once a 
fortnight on the Lord's Day, till the Court, October next, and 
then this Court will take further order concerning them and 
for Mr. Joanes sattisfaction. 

This Court desire and impower Mr. Willys and the Sec- 
retary to improue John Gallop or some other suitable per- 
sons to goe over to Block Island to attach Moweem who mur- 
dered a Pequit girle, and to bring him to the coiiion goale 
to be contiiiued in durance for a try all. 

This Court ordered that the agreement between New Ha- 
ven, Milford, Brandford and Wallingford, about their bownds, 
be recorded with the records of this Court, — and is as fol- 
loweth : — 

Concerning the line for bownds between the townes of 
New Haven and Milford, This writeing sheweth that aU dif- 
ferences thereabout are issued and agreements made and 
concluded by persons deputed and sent from each towne, 
whose names are underwritten, which is as foUoweth : That 
from the sea at the mouth of Oyster River, the sayd River 
shall be the bownds up and unto the head of that meadow; 
and from the head or upper end of the Oyster River meadow, 
a straight lyne unto the top of the halfe-way hill, where there 
is a white oake tree marked and stones cast at the roote of 
it ; and from that marked tree upon the sayd hill, a straite 
line to New Mill Swamp stone which lyeth by a swamp side 
between Dogbnr[y] play)ie and a playne at the upper end of 
Wallnutt-tree Hill ; and from the sayd stone, a strayt line to 
a white oak tree upon Homes his race, which tree is marked 
and stones cast at the root of it, and is six score rod west- 



COLONY OF CONNECTICUT. 233 

ward from the eastern branch of Milford Mill River; and 
from the sayd tree upon the race, a straight lyne upward into 
the country, that runeth upon a smale ruil of water that 
Cometh off Homes his forte, and unto a great stone or rock 
which lyeth in the sayd run of water about two or three rod 
distant from its fall into a brooke which cometh fromwards 
the Rownd Hill, and ruiieth towards Nagantucks. 

Subscribed the first of May in the yeare one thousand six 
hundred seventy two. 

From New Haven. From Milford. 

John Nash Benjamen Fenn 

John Cooper I C his marke William Fowler 
Wm. Tuttell Thomas Wheeler T his marke 

Jeremy Osborne Daniel Buckinghame 

Jno Miles the mark of H Henry Bochford 

John Clarke. Samuel Buckingham 

Samuel Burwell 
Elnathan Bochford 
Siluanus Baldwin. 

Memorandum. Because the writeing on the other side 
was not fully understood by all parties, therefore as a supple- 
ment thereunto it is now agreed by the persons whose names 
are underwritten for and on the behalfe of each of their 
townes, (viz: New Haven and Milford,) that from the stone 
or rock that lyeth in the runn of water that cometh off Homes 
[50] his forte mentioned on the || other side, a straite line 
upwards into the countrey, which lyne shall run upon the 
rock or stone called the Beacon, which lyeth upon the vpper 
end of the hill called Beacon Hill, and from thence to the end 
of the bownds (according to the grant of the Generall Court,) 
to a heap of stones lyeing at three chesnut trees growing 
from one roote, being on the next hill called the Reare Hill ; 
and this to be the end and finall issue of all differences res- 
pecting the sayd lyne and bownds between the sayd townes 
for ever, according to the seuerall stations mentioned in the 
agreements. As witnesse our hands this three and twenty- 
eth day of March, in the yeare one thousand six hundred 
and seuenty three or seauenty fower. 

From Milford. From New Haven.. 

Robert Treate, John Nash, 

Daniel Buckingham, Jeremiah Osborne, 

Siluanus Baldwin. John Milles, 

Daniel Sherman. 
20* 



234 PUBLIC RECORDS OF THE 

Whereas there hath been a difference between the inhabit- 
ants of New Haven and the inhabitants of Brandford about 
the diuideing bownds between each plantation, and the inhab- 
itants of N. Haven afoarsayd haueing chosen and impowered 
James Bishop, L"' Thomas Munson, Wm. Andrews, John 
Moss and John Cooper, Senio^, on their part, and the inhab- 
itants of Brandford afoarsayd haueing chosen and impowered 
Mr. John Wilford, Thomas Blachley, Michael Tayntor, 
Thomas Harrison and Sam^i Ward on their part to issue the 
savd difference in refference to the sayd bownds, the sayd 
persons aboue named (excepting John Cooper, in whose 
roome INIi-. Wm. Tuttell was desired by the authority of New 
Haven,) being mett together, this fifth day of October, 1669, 
and after a full debate and consideration of the case, for the 
preserueing of loue and peace and the preuenting of trouble 
for the future between them that haue hitherto been loueing 
neighboures, haue condesended so far each to other as to 
agree about the premises as folio weth, viz. That from the 
river formerly called in an agreement, Tapamshashack (with 
the exception of meadow therein expressed,) the great pond 
at the head of the Furnace shall be the bownds so farr as it 
goes ; and from the head of the sayd pond that a straight 
line be drawn to the east end of a Hassukque meadow out 
of which a brooke called Hercules Brooke runns into Muddy 
River ; and from the east end of the sayd meadow to runn a 
north lyne, with the just variation according to the country, 
unto the end of the bownds of Brandford afoars'i, that is ten 
miles from the sea, according to the order of the Generall 
Assembly. In Testimonie whereof we haue set to our hands, 
the day and yeare aboue written. 

John Wilford, James Bishop, 

Tho: Blachley, Thomas Munson, 

Mich: Tayntor, William Andrews, 

Tho: Harrison, William Tuttell, 

Sam'i Warde. John Mosse. 



This writeing sheweth to all whome it may concerne, that 
all differences respecting the line or lines for bownds between 
the townes of New Hauen and Wallingford are foreuer ended, 
and agreements made and concluded by persons deputed for 
and by each towne whose names are underwritten, which 
agreements are as followeth, viz : That WalHngfbrd bownds 
on the east side of the east river shall be from Brandford lyne 
northerly to Wharton's Brooke, where it crosseth the sowth 
branch of the sayd brooke and thence as the brooke runns 
into the East River; and from the mouth of the sayd Whar- 



COLONY OF CONNECTICUT. 235 

ton's Brooke where it falleth into the sayd East Riuer, the s«' 
East River to be the bownd or line upward, vntill it come as 
high as the Blew Hills and against a tree marked on the "west 
side of the River, "with a heap of stones caste at the roote of 
it ; and from the sayd tree with stones at the root of it, a 
streight line westward to New Haven Mill River, where 
there is a tree marked and a heap of stones at the root of it, 
being about two miles and an halfe aboue the Blue Hills ; 
and from the sayd tree and heap of stones by the sayd Mill 
[51] River, a straite line west and by north to the || path 
which lyeth from Milford to Farmington, by which path is a 
tree marked and stones cast at the root of it. To declare this 
to be our firm and full agreement, wee subscribe our hands, 
this 12t'i day of May, in the year of o^" Lord one thowsand 
six hundred seuenty fower. 

From Wallingford : From Neiu Haven: 

John Brockett, The marke of John I C Cooper, Sen"", 

Samuel Andrews, Moses Mansfeild, 

Nathaniel Roise. Abram Dickerman. 

The Court is adjourned untill the Gouernor or Dep* Gou- 
ernor see cause to call them together. 



A Generall Courte held at Hartford, October 8^'', 

1674. 

Wm. Leete, Esq"", Dept. Gou"", 
Mr. Sami' Willys, Mr. James Richards, 

Major Nathan Gold, Mr. Wm. Joanes, 

Major John Tallcott, Mr. James Bishop, 

Mr. Henry Woolcott, Capt^ John Nash, 

Captn John Allyn, >Sec>. Major Rob* Treate. • 

Deputies : 

For Hartford ; Mr. Wm. Wadsworth, Mr. Rich^ Lord. 

For Windsor; Capt" Benj: Newbery, Deac: John Moore. 

For Wethersfeild ; Mr. Sam^i Tallcott, Sargt John Nott. 

For N. Haven ; L^t Tho: Munson, Mr. John Cooper. 

For Fayrefeild ; Mr. John Bankes, Mr. John Wheeler. 

For New London; Major Edw: Palmes. 

For Farmington ; Ens: Sam" Steele, Ens: John Wadsworth. 



236 



PUBLIC RECORDS OF THE 



For Stonington ; Capt" GeorgDenison, Mr. Nehe: Palmer, afts. 

For Milford ; I\Ii-. Georg Clarke, Mr. Thorn: Campfield. 

For Wallingford ; Mr. John Bracket. 

For Saybrook ; L"* Wm. Pratt, Sarj: Wm. Parker. 

For Kenihvorth ; Mr. Edward Griswold. 

For Norwich; L"' John Mason, Ens: Thorn: Leffihgwell. 

For Guilford; L"t Wm. Seward, Dea: Jno Fowler. 

For Stratford; Capt" Wm. Curtice, Mr. Jos: Hawley. 

For Midleton ; Mr. Nath: White, Dea: Sam: Stockin. 

For Brandford ; Mi-. John Wilford, Mr. Dan: Swain. 

For Norwalke; Sarj: Walter Hoyte, Daniel Kellog. 

For Haddum ; Ens: Jarrad Spencer, George Gates. 

For Standford ; Joseph Theale, John Green, abs. 

For Greenwich ; L"*^ Jonath: Lockwood. 

For Rye ; Mr. John Ogden. 

For Lyme ; Mr. Reinold Maruin. 

For Simsbury ; John Case. 



The List of 

Hartford,* 

Windsor, 

Wethersfeild, 

Farmington, 

Midleton, 

Haddum, 

New Haven, 

Milford, 

Brandford, 

Guilford, 

Kenilworth, 



the seuerall 
£ s. 
16334: 00: 
13657: 00: 
11614: 00: 
06285: 00: 
04725: 00: 
01963: 06: 
14881: 00: 
09944: 12: 
02870: 00: 
06443: 00: 
02590: 18: 



plantations are as 

d. 

Norwalk, 

Norwich, 

Standford, 

Greenwich, 

Rye, 

Fayrefeild, 

Stratford, 

Stoneington, 

New London, 

Lyme, 

Saybrook, 



followeth : — 

<£ s. d. 

04979: 00: 

04542: 00: 

05719: 15: 

01915: 00: 

01944: 00: 

10938: 13: 

07221: 00: 

07402: 00: 

09211: 00: 

03209: 00: 

05073: 00: 



Mr. Richard Bryant his attourney appeales from the judg- 
ment of the Court of Assists, this instant October, to this Hon- 
oured Court, which action was thus entered at the Court of 
Assises,! — Mr. Edward Barker, plantif by way of appeale 
from the County Court of New Hauen, June 10: 74, Mr. 



• Supply the worda " persons and eatates are," after the name of each town, 
t Rec. of Co. of ABSist's, I. 19. 



COLONY OF CONNECTICUT. 237 

Richard Bryant, defendant. The action thus entered at the 
County Court of New Hauen, June 10: 74; Mr. Rich^ Bryant, 
pln*f, JVIr. Edward Barker, defnt in an action of reveiw from 
the judgment of the Court, Nou"" 12: 1673, in an action of the 
case, for debt due from the sayd Richard Bryant to him the 
sayd Barker, for certa[ine goods] or wares by him receiued 
[52] from him, together || with damage for non-payment in 
due time, to the value of seventy pownds. In this action the 
Jury at the Court of Assistants fownd for the plantife sixty 
pownds and cost of Court. This Court haueing heard and 
considered this appeale, doe declare that they doe find for the 
defendant, that INlr. Richard Bryant shall pay unto Mr. Ed- 
ward Barker the defendant, the surae of fifty pownds and 
costs of courts, for journey and attendance, 205. this Court 
and Court of Assists, and for the Court of Assises, thirty shil- 
lings, and New Haven County Court, one pownd seven shil- 
lings and two pence. Execution deliuered, Decem¥ 16; 74, 
for fifty-three pownds, seventeen shiUings Sf two pence. 

The last Wednesday in October is by this Court appoynted 
to be kept a day of publique Thankesgiveing throughout this 
Colony, to prayse God for the continuance of his mercy and 
goodness to the English nation, in so signally a freeing us 
from those eminent dangers of warr which did surround them, 
and in granting us, the people of this Colony, the injoyement 
of his holy word and ordinances, with peace, when others 
more deserueing then ourselues are depriued of such precious 
liberties, and for that health which hath been continued in 
our plantations, and the comfortable harvest the Lord hath 
been pleased to grant unto us. 

This Court grants a rate of a penny upon the pownd of 
all the rateable estate in this Colony, to defray the country 
charges, to be gathered with the former penny rate (granted 
by this Court, May last,) by and according to the Treasurer's 
order. 

Capt" Allyn, Mr. James Richards, Mr. James Bishop, Mr. 
Jehu Burr, or Mr. Danii Burr, they or any three of them, this 
Court appoynted to audite the Treasurer's accots. 

The Treasurer of the County of New London informing 



238 



PUBLIC RECORDS OF THE 



this Court that the County Marshall of that County hath layd 
down his place and that there is great occasion of such an 
officer there to gather rates and fines at present due to that 
county treasurie, and no County Court being likely to sit 
there speedily, it is noAV ordered by this Court that Samuel 
Starr shall be and remayn the Marshall of that county, till 
the County Court shall otherwise order. 

This Court grants Joshua, Sachem of Nyantick, liberty to 
purchass two horses, the one for himselfe and the other for 
his Interpreter, that they may be the better capacited to at- 
tend their meetings with Mr. Fitch; the markes of the horses 
to be entered at Norwich with the recorder there. 

This Court grants Thomas Stafford fifty acres of land pro- 
vided he take it up where it may not prejudice any former 
grant to any particular person or township. Mr. James Mor- 
gan and Ens: Tho: Leffingwell are appoynted to lay out to 
Thomas Stafford his grant.* 

Those appoynted for nomination in May next are, — Major 
Edward Palmes, Capt"^ Benj: Newbery, Mr. Math: Gilbert, 
Captn Wm. Curtice, L"t John Mason, Mr. Sam" Tallcott, 
Mr. John Wilford, Mr. Sam'i Shearman. 

This Court granted the continuance of the Dept Gouerno'"s 
salery of thirty pownds, for this yeare ensueing. 

This Court upon good consideration see cavise to grant 
Major Gold his Country Rate for this yeare. 

This Court orders that the next General Trayneing be of 
the county of New Haven, and then New London, and then 
Fayrefeild. 

This Court orders that the County Towne's traine band in 
each county shall be deemed the eldest company in their regi- 
ment, and shall accordingly lead, except the Major have a 
peculyer company belonging to himselfe, in which case they 
shall lead at all Generall Musters. 

Wm. Lewes is by this Court approved Capt" of Farming- 
ton Traine Band, and Sam'^ Steele, Liuetenant, and John 
Standly, Ensigne. 

• Assigned by Thomas Stafford, in 1077, to Wm. Billing, then of Slonington, — to whom it was 
laid out, Nov. 1077, at or near Pachaug. [Col. Rec. of Lands, I. 440.] 



COLONY OF CONNECTICUT. 239 

[53] Mary Dowe, of Hartford, informeing this Court that 
her husband being gon to sea and not being heard of for near 
two yeares, and leaning her destitute of supplyes necessary 
for the mayntenance of herselfe and children, she is fallen 
into debt and knowes not how to pay the same without it be 
by the sale of her house and lott, and therefore desired this 
Court to impower her so to doe, — The Court considering the 
premises doe see good reason to grant her desire, and doe 
accordingly giue her full power to grant, bargain and sell the 
sayd house and lott, and her deed therein shall be esteemed 
good and valid in the law. 

The petition of Major Nathan Gold, Mr. Wm. Hill and 
Mr. Jehu Burr, being duely considered, this Court see good 
reason to approue of what the County Court of Fayrefeild 
haue done, in setleing and passing over Henry Greye's farme, 
at Maxemus,* to Joseph Loekwood the heir of Robert Lock- 
wood, it being the most prudent course in present veiw to 
reserve any estate for the children of the sayd Grey, and the 
onely way to pay those just debts which sayd Grey had con- 
tracted; and doe therefore hereby impower the administrators 
of the sayd Henry Greye's estate, by a firm deed of sale, to 
pass ouer the sayd Grey's farme at Maxemus to the sayd Jo- 
seph Loekwood the heir of Rob* Loekwood ; and their sayd 
deed being made, signed, sealed and deliuered according to 
law, shall be sufficient for the holding of the sayd farm to the 
sayd Loekwood, his heirs and assignes forever. 

Whereas there are debts due to the country and perticular 
persons from the estate of Thomas Roode more than his per- 
sonall estate amounts unto, this Court impowers the admin- 
istrators of the s<i estate to bargain and sell so much of the 
land as may with his personall estate pay the just debts due 
to the country and perticular persons. This Court doth now 
accept of fifteen pownds, when it is payd, from the estate of 
the sayd Roode for what he owes to the country, and the 
rest of the estate to be dissposed according to the order of the 
County Court of New London to the children of sayd Roode. 

* Maxemus, — otherwise called, Bankside. Henry Gray was one of the first " five farmers" 
who settled there and enclosed lands. See note on page 58, ante. 



240 



PUBLIC RECORDS OF THE 



It is ordered by this Court that after the publication hereof 
no innh older or alehouse keeper shall sell any cider, greater 
or lesser quantity, aboue fowerpence a quart. And it is allso 
ordered that no innholder or alehouse keeper shall retale any 
liquors aboue fowerpence a gill and so after that rate for 
greater or lesser quantities. 

This Court doe desire Mr. "Willys, Major Tallcott, the 
Secret''y, Mr. James Richards, Mr. Wm. Wadsworth and Mr. 
Richard Lord to be a committee, with the Honoured Gou- 
erno"", to consult of some way to promoate the pub: good and 
to take such advice therein as they judg most suitable, and 
to present this Court in May next with what they shall con- 
clude of. 

This Court doth appoynt L''^ Tho: Tracey and Ens: Tho: 
Leffingwell to lay out to Major Edward Palmes his grant of 
land, according to his former grant, and to Mr. Samuel Stone 
or his assigne the remaynder of his grant according to his 
grant. 

This Court in answer to Mr. John Blackleach Jun"" his 
petition, grant him two hundred acres of land, prouided he 
take it up where it may not prejudice any former grant to 
any plantation or perticular person. 

This Court desire and impower Capt" John Allyn, Mr. 
James Bishop, Major Robert Treat, with Mr. Gold, to im- 
prove there best abillities and endeauours to setle an accoma- 
dation between the people and minister of FayrefeUd, that so 
if it be the will of God, Mr. Wakeman may continnue in his 
worke there ; and to endeauour allso the obteyning and setle- 
ing of a minister at Rye. 

Major Tallcott, Mr. James Richards and the Secretly are 
by this Court desired to take the paynes to endeauour an ac- 
comodation between the people of Farmington and Sims- 
bury, in refFerence to the fenceing of their meadowes, and some 
course to preuent damage to their cattell and meadowes. 

This Court grants Mr. Edward Griswould the quantity of 
two hundred acres of land, prouided he take it up where it 
may not prejudice any former grant.* 

* Laid out, " at the north end of Lyme bounds," May 3d, 1682. [Col. Rec. of Lands, I. 339.] 



COLONY OF CONNECTICUT. 241 

Mr. Moss and Mr. Bracket are appoynted to lay out to 
Lit Tho: Munson his grant of land, according to his grant. 

This Court grants Mr. Tho: Hanford two hundred acres 
of land, prouided he take it up where it may not prejudice 
any former grant. Mr. Bankes and Capt^ Curtice are ap- 
poynted to lay out this grant, according to the grant. 

Mr. John Bankes and Mr. John Wheeler are by this Court 
appoynted to lay out to Captaine Curtice his grant of land, 
according to his grant. 

[54] This Court grants Samuel Eldred the sume of twenty 
nobles for his good seruice in doeing and suffering for this 
Colony.* 

This Court grants unto John Plumbe eighty acres of land 
to be to him and his children and their heires forever, prouided 
he take it up where it may not prejudice any former grant; 
and Marshall Jonath: Gilbert and James Steele are appointed 
to lay out to him his grant according to his grant.f 

This Court grants unto Capt" John Nash the sume of 
three hundred acres of land, provided he take it up where it 
may not prejudice any former grant. 

This Court grant unto Mr. John Bishop, of Standford, two 
hundred acres of land, prouided he take it up where it may 
not prejudice any former grant. 

This Court reserues a mile of the reare of Stoneington 
bownds, the whole bredth, to be kept for the Court's farther 
and other dispose. 

This Court orders that the Country Rate shall be payd in 
wheat, pease and Indian Corn, a third of each, or porck by 
the barrell, where corn is not to be had ; the wheat, fower 
shillings the bushell ; peas, three shillings p"" bush: ; Indian, 
two and sixpence p^ bushell ; and porck good and merchant- 
able, at three pownds the barill, being well repact by the 
packer and marked with his marke. 

It is ordered by this Court that when the Constable is 

* Samuel Eldred, was appointed by the Connecticut commissioners, in June, 1670, constable 
at Wickford. In July following, he was arrested and imprisoned by the authorities of Rhode 
Island. [Doings of Comra'rs, in Col. Bound's. I. 74.] 

t See John Plumbe's petition, (Oct. 12th, 1674,) in T. & Lands, 1. 165. 

21 



242 



PUBLIC RECORDS OF THE 



forced to distrein for the Country Rate, whatsoeuer estate he 
leuyes he shall sell it by an outcry to purchase the specie the 
Court orders the Country Rate to be payd in. The like 
course he shall take and so dispose of such estate as is pre- 
sented for the payment of the Country Rate, for to procure 
the specie the Court appoynts. 

This Court appoynts Mr. John Bankes, L^t Jonath: SiUick, 
Lnt Jonathan Lockwood and L^t Joseph Orton, or any three 
of them, forthwith to runn the lyne between this Colony and 
the Colony of New York, from Momoronock Riuer to Hud- 
son's Riuer. 

This Court being made sensible of the great damage that 
may accrue to the publique by a liberty or boldness which 
some persons may take to themselues (when imployed by 
order of authority for the convayance of letters, post, and 
other important occasions of this Colony) by profuse and 
extrauigent spending at the ordinaries and other places on 
the road upon the countrye's acco', and allso by great de- 
layes on journeys very prejudiciall to the Colony, which 
willing to prevent, doe therefore order that the alowance for 

those persons (who shall be imployed on such seruices) for 
their wages and expences of themselues and horses shall be 

as followeth, from the first of May to the midle of October: — 
From Rye to Hartford, the horss hyer twelue shillings, the 

man and expences twenty shillings ; all is one pownd twelue 

shillings : 

From Greenwich to Hartford, the horse hyer ten shillings 

sixpence, the man and expences seuenteen shillings; all, one 

pownd seven shillings and sixpence : 

From Standford to Hartford, the horse hyer ten shillings, 

the man and expences seuenteen shillings ; all is one pownd 

seuen shillings: 

From Norwalk to Hartford, the horse hyer nine shillings, 

the man and expences fifteen ; all is one pownd fower shil- 
lings: 

From Fayrefeild to Hartford, the horse hyer eight shillings, 

the man and expences thirteen shillings sixpence ; aU is one 

pownd, one shilling and sixpence : 

From Stratford to Hartford, tlie horse hyer seuen shillings, 

the man and expences twelue shillings ; all is nineteen shil- 
lings: 



COLONY OF CONNECTICUT. 243 

From Milford to Hartford, horse hyer six shillings, the man 
and expences tenn shillings ; all is sixteen shillings : 

From New Haven to Hartford, the horse hyer fine shillings, 
the man and expences eight shillings sixpence ; all is thirteen 
shillings sixpence: 

From Wallingford to Hartford, the horse hyer fower shil- 
lings, the man and expences six shillings ; all is tenn shillings : 

From Brandford to Hartford, the horse hyer fine shillings, 
the man and expences eight shillings; all is thirteen shillings: 
[55] From Guilford to Hartford, the horse hyer five shillings, 
the man and expences eight shillings; all is thirteen shillings: 

From Kenilworth to Hartford, the horse hyer five shillings, 
the man and expences eight shillings; all is thirteen shillings: 

From Saybrook to Hartford, the horse hyer fine shillings, 
the man and expences eight shillings sixpence ; all is thir- 
teen shillings sixpence : 

From Lyme to Hartford, the horse hyer five shillings, the 
man and expences eight shillings and sixpence ; all is thu'- 
teen shillings sixpence : 

From New London to Hartford, the horse hyer eight shil- 
lings, the man and expences eleuen shillings; all is nineteen 
shillings : 

From Stoneington to Hartford, the horse hyer nine shil- 
lings, the man and expences thirteen shillings sixpence ; all is 
one pownd two shillings sixpence : 

From Norwich to Hartford, the horse hyer six shillings, the 
man and expences eight shillings ; all is fowerteen shillings : 

From Haddum to Hartford, the horse hyer fower shillings, 
the man and expences six shillings ; all is tenn shillings : 

From Midleton to Hartford, the horse hyer two shillings, 
the man and expences fower and sixpence ; all is six shillings 
sixpence : 

From Wethersfeild to Hartford, the horse hyer sixpence, 
the man and expences one shilling ; all one shilling sixpence : 

From Windsor to Hartford, the horse hyer one shilling, 
the man and expences one shilling sixpence ; all is two shil- 
lings sixpence : 

From Farmington to Hartford, the horse hyer one shilling 
sixpence, the man and expences two shillings sixpence; all 
is fower shillings : 

From Simsbury to Hartford, the horse hyer one shilling 
sixpence, the man and expences two shillings sixpence ; all 
is fower shillings : 

From Windsor to Springfield, the horse hyer three shil- 
lings, the man and expences fower shillings sixpence ; all is 
seuen shillings sixpence. 



244 PUBLIC RECORDS OF THE 

And from the midle of October to the last of Aprill to be 
eight pence more than the aboue, for euery night they lye 
out, for oates to the horses, wherein great care is to be had 
by the ordinary keepers, that hyred horses are not deprived 
of their allowance. Allso, the differences in the abouesayd 
sumes is to be the stated wages from towne to towne, if they 
goe not to Hartford ; and the like proportion by the mile to 
those whoe shall be imployed in this Colony where their wa- 
ges is not stated. 

It is further ordered that all posts their ferridge shall be on 
the country account, and that the ordinary keepers in the 
respective plantations shall prouide suitable accomadations 
for men and horse, whose allowance for the man by the meale 
shall be sixpence, and for the horse at grass, fower pence a 
night, and for oates, fower pence the halfe peck, and for hay 
the night, fower pence. 

It is allso ordered that whosoeuer upon these tearmes shall 
unnecessarily stop or detayne his journey forth or back, or 
shall be necessarily stopped or detayned by authority or 
other just occasion, such person or persons shall beare pen- 
alty or receive recompence extraordinarily as the authority 
who sent them shall judge right to be abated or augmented 
in his wages. 

Whereas the law for upholding a good breed of horses 
amongst us, orders that all horses of two years old and up- 
wards, under thirteen hands high, which are kept in the coin- 
ons, shall be gelt, which law is not duely attended by the 
owners of such horses, it is therefore ordered by this Court 
that the selectmen in each plantation shall haue power to 
appoynt two or three meet persons to fetch in all such horses 
within their commons as are not according to the sayd lawe, 
and to geld them, which is to be done in the moneths of 
Aprill, May, August and September (to preuent danger by 
the heat or coldness of the weather,) who shalbe allowed for 
their paynes of fetching them and gelding them eight shil- 
lings pr head, to be paid by the owners thereof, and upon 
neglect or refusall the selectmen are hereby impowered to 



COLONY OF CONNECTICUT. 245 

make sale of the sayd horses at an outcry, to defray the sayd 
charge, and to return the ouerpluss to the owner thereof. 

This Court takeing notice of an ill practice that is growe- 
ing amongst us by people who when they haue their cattell 
or swine impownded and haue notice of the same, yet suffer 
[56] them there to continnue to the great greife of the be- 
holders, trouble of the pownd keeper and too much suffering 
of the creatures, which this Court being willing to prevent, 
doe order that whatsoeuer person or persons shall haue no- 
tice of his cattell or swine being impownded and doth not 
within twenty fower howers after notice of the same redeem 
them out of the pownd, he shall forfeit for the same two shil- 
lings a head for euery beast so continued in pownd and so 
two shillings a day for euery day after he shall suffer them to 
continue in pownd, besides what necessary charges the pownd 
keeper shall be at in provideing and glueing meat and water 
to the sayd cattell and swine while they are continued in 
pownd ; and all such fines as shall becom due for the breach 
of this order shall, by warrant from any one Commissioner 
or Assistant, to the constable, by him be leuyed out of the 
estate of the owner of such cattell or swine, and deliuered 
the one halfe to the pownd keeper and the other halfe to the 
selectmen for the use of the poore of that towne ; and all 
charges for meat and water giuen to such cattle, with just 
damages, and what shall be due for powndage, according to 
former order, shall be compownded for or payd to the pownd 
keeper Ijefore the sayd cattell are released. And for such 
cattell or swine as are impownded and no owners heard of 
them three dayes after notice giuen of their being impown- 
ded, to the selectmen of the two next towns (which notice 
shall be giuen by them that impownd them,) so many of 
those sayd cattell or swine shall be sold at an outcry as may 
sattisfy for their powndage, damage they have done, and 
charg of meat and water whilst impownded, and sending to 
the two next townes, and selling of the sayd creatures ; and 
if any ouerpluss be, the markes of the creatures so impown- 
ded and the creature or creatures so sold shall be entered 
with the keeper of the brand booke, together with the charge 
21* 



246 



PUBLIC RECORDS OF THE 



due and the price of what is sold, and the ouerpluss, after the 
keeper of the brand book is payd twelue pence for his entry, 
and the constable received his just dues, shall be deliuered to 
the treasurer of that county wherein the cattle are impown- 
dcd, to be kept for the owner if he comes within one yeare ; 
and in defect of the owner's appeareing within the time pre- 
fixed, such ouerpluss to remayn the proper vse of the county 
treasurie. 

The printer complayneing that he is not payd for the law 
bookes by the seuerall constables of sundry of the plantations, 
the court orders that whatsoeuer constable shall neglect to 
bring in the pay due for the law bookes (their towne hath or 
ought to receive according to former order) to the county 
towne of their county, and deliuer the same to the persons 
appoynted in the sayd countyes to receiue the same, one 
moneth after publication hereof, shall forfeit twenty shillings, 
and so twenty shillings a moneth till he hath accomplished 
the same. The Treasurer upon complaynt made of the 
breach of this order, is to grant warrant to leuy the penalty 
for the use of the printer. The persons appoynted to receiue 
the pay for the printer in the county townes are, for Hart- 
ford, the printer himselfe ; for New Haven, Mr, John Hud- 
son ; For Fayrefeild, Mr. John Burr : for New London, Mr. 
Joshua Raymond. 

This Court haue desired and impowered the Dept Gou- 
ernor, Mr. "Willys, Major Tallcott and Mr. Richards, or any 
three or two of them, with Major Palmes, Mr. Richard Smith 
and such Commissioners of New London County as can at- 
tend, to keep a court at Stoneington when they shall think 
fitt to giue notice thereof,* for the further setleing and man- 

* Mr. Leete called a meeting of these commissioners, at Stonington, for the 5th of November 
following. On his arrival at New London, Nov. 4th, he learned tliatMr. Richard Smith had 
been some weeks absent from home, and that Mr. Wyllys (another of the Commissioners,) whom 
he expected to meet at Stonington, had not yet returned from Boston. He despatched a letter 
to Mr. Smith, then at Stonington, (Nov. 4th,) expressing his unwillingness to proceed further, 
unless assured of meeting a majority of the commissioners : " It is my desire," he writes, "to 
serve God, the country and yourself with my mite, as far as time and strength goes, but have 
little need to be put to travaile in vaine, in such elder time of my life." The meeting was 
consequently postponed ; nor does it appear that the commissioners were again convened. 
rCol. Boundaries, I. 100, 101.] 



COLONY OF CONNECTICUT. 247 

agement of gouerment in behalfe of the people seated in the 
Narrogancet Country at Wickford &c., there to try cases be- 
twixt party and party, and allso to call to acco*, deale with, 
seize and punish any criminall offender, delinquents or such 
as contemn our authority or refuse to obey it, in the sayd 
Narrogancet country; allso to order and setle all or any 
other matters or affayres in those parts needfull for the well- 
fare or peace of that people, that soe his Mamies subjects there 
may not Hue in dissolute or irriligious wayes to the dishonor 
of God, o'' King and nation, and to be a stumbling block to 
the natiue heathen, nor yet longer left in hazard of vassalage 
to the Indians, nor suffer such injuries from them as hath 
been complayned of and too long neglected, for want of gou- 
ernment and execution of wholsome lawes amongst them. 

The Court is adjourned till the Gouerno'" or Dept shall see 
cause to call them agayne.* 

*The following petition from the selectmen of the town of Norwich appears to have been 
presented at this session of the General Court. An endorsement (in the hand writing of Gov. 
Leete,) exhibits the action taken thereupon and explains the omission of any entry respecting 
it, upon the records of the Court. The original is in ' Civil Officers,' Vol. I. Doc. 53. 

"To the Gen'i Court assembled at Hartford. The humble petition of the inhabitants of . 
Norwich. Wee are by divine providence settled in this place under your Government, which 
wee thankfully accept, & have bene ordered by you to belong unto New London County, unto 
w'ch order wee have hitherto been submissive. But upon many yeares experience it hath 
proved so afflicting to us that wee cannot but desire to bee free from this County and come 
under Hartford County, if it may be. Many reasons we could give, but we fear it will not be 
expedient for us to mention them; onely this wee must craue liberty to say, that hitherto our 
relation to London County hath bene an oppression unto us, wee beareing the burthen of oth- 
eis contentions, w'ch now seeme to be rather of an increasing nature than otherwise. And 
as amongst ourselves if wee should have occasion to seeke to a Court for justice, wee doe 
rather choose to make our addres unto Hartford Court. But a word in these must be sufficient 
unto the wise. And yet wee hope that wee shall not be looked upon in this matter as affect- 
ing singularity or moved by prejudice; for wee are sufficiently informed that severall other 
plantations in this County doe sigh under the same burthen, & desire the like reliefe. But if 
wee must continue in the state in w'ch wee are, wee beseech you to improve someeffectuall 
means whereby a Court of justice may be so upheld &. managed in our County as that the 
peaceable & inocent may not be oppressed. So hopeing you will compashionately & timely 
consider our state, and praieing that God would guide you in this & all other weighty concern- 
m'ts, wee rest your humble petitioners, William Hide : John Holmsted : 

From Norwich, Octob. 7th, 1674. Selectmen, in tlie name & with the consent of 

the Towne." 

[Endorsed, by Gov. Leete :] " The contents of a petition from Norwich, to be taken off from 
N: L: & reioyned [tu Hartford County,] with alike motion from y« Deputyes of Seabrook,Lyme, 
Kennellworth & Stonnington, now considered ; but the matter seemed to be of such impor- 
tance & attended with the hazard of much inconveniency to sundry of the inhabitants of that 



248 public records of the 

At a Court of Election held at Hartford, May 13, 

1675. 

These ivere nominated for election : — John Winthrop Esq"", 
Wm. Leet Esqr, IVIi-. SamU Willys, Major Nath: Gold, Ma- 
jor John Tallcott, Mr. Henry Woolcott, Capt^^ John Allyn, 
Mr. Wm. Joanes, Mr. James Richards, Mr. Alexand'' Bryant, 
Mr. James Bishop, Capt" John Nash, Major Rob* Treat, 
Captn Tho: Topping, Major Edw: Palmes, Capt" Benj: New- 
bery, Mr. Math: Gilbert, Capt" Wm. Curtice, L^t John Ma- 
son, Mr. Samii Tallcott, JVIr. John Wilford, Mr. Sam" Sher- 
man. 

These ivere elected : 

John Winthrop Esq"", Gouernc. sworne. 
Wm. Leete Esq"", Dep^ Gouerno^. 5. 

Assistants : 

Mr. Sam" Willys, Mr. James Richards, 

Major Nathan Gold, Mr. Alex: Bryant, 

Major John Tallcott, Mr. James Bishop, 

Mr. Henry Woolcott, Capt" John Nash, 

Capt" John Allyn, Major Robt Treat, 

Mr. Wm. Joanes, Capt" Tho: Topping. 

Major John Tallcott, Treasurer. 

Capt" John Allyn, Secrefy. 
The Secretary and Mr. James Richards are chosen Com- 
missioners for the Vnited Colonyes the yeare ensueing, and 
Major Tallcott a reserue. 
The Deputies of the Court are : 

Mr. Wm. Wadsworth, Upon the motion of Joseph Haw- 

Mr. Rich*^ Lord, kins and John Hulls to haue the 

Mr. John Moore, priuiledges of a plantation granted 

Mr. John Loomys, to the inhabitants of Pagawsett 

County, to repair for all iudicature to Hartford, &c. The Co" saw cause that the matter be 
recommended to be furtlier conHidored in euery of the Townes in that County at some full 
meeting respectiuely, &. a returne made to the Oenli Court in May next, by subscription of who 
is for & who against the eame, tliat so the Court may receiue fuller light to declare their sence 
in that buisinessc." 



COLONY OF CONNECTICUT. 



249 



Mr. John Wadsworth, 
Lnt Sam: Steele, 
Lnt Wm. Fowler, 
Mr. Georg Clark, 
Ens: John Graue, 
Mr. John Fowler, 
Mr. Rob* Chapman, 
Lnt Wm. Pratt, 
Capt" Wm. Cm-tice, 
Mr. John Pickett Sen"-, 
Mr. Edw: Griswould, 
Henry Crane, 
Thomas Benedict, 
John Bowton, 
Mr. Jonath: Silleck, 
Mr. Joseph Theale, 
Mr. Simon Woolcott, 
John Case, 
Lnt Tho: Munson, 
Jeremy Osborne, 
Mr. Giles Hamlin, 
Mr. Nath: White, 
Mr. John Willford, 
Daniel Swaine, 
Ens: Jarrad Spencer, 
George Gates, 
Mr. John Brackett, 
Mr. Jehu Burr, 
Mr. John Bankes, 
Captn Samii Wells, 
Mr. Samii Tallcott, 
Captn Georg Denison, 
Mr. Daniel Witherly, 
Lnt James Auery, 
L"* John Mason, 
Lnt Thom: Tracey. 



there being about twelue famalyes 
setled there allready and more to 
the number of eleven prepareing 
for setlement forthwith, and that 
they haue engaged a minister to 
come and setle amongst them 
speedily and haue expended about 
one hundred pownds in prepareing 
a howse for the minister. This Court 
for their incouragement doe grant 
them the power and priuiledge of 
a plantation ; and for their bownds, 
this Court doe reserue power in 
their hands to setle their bownds 
(when they are informed of the 
state of those lands,) so as may be 
most accomadateing and least in- 
convenient to the sayd Pawgasuck 
and the new towne goeing up at 
Mattatock ; and doe order that the 
future dispose of lands wt^in the 
bownds to be granted them and 
setlement of what is purchassed 
allready for improuement, shall be 
ordered and dissposed by the com- 
mittee appoynted by this Court to 
see to the setlement of both the 
bownds and distribution of lands, 
so as may be best for the uphold- 
ment of a plantation as is now 
granted to them ; which committee 
is Capt" John Nash, Capt" Wm. 
Curtice and Lnt Tho: Munson. 

The plantation of Pawgussuck 
is by this Court named Derby, and 
is freed from Country Rates for 
three yeares next followeing, they 
defrayeing their own charges. 



250 PUBLIC RECORDS OF THE 

The Commissioners of the severall plantations that were 
invested with Magistraticall power in May last, are now 
agayn confirmed in their respectiue places within the plant- 
ations ; and Mr. Daniel Witherly is added to be a Commis- 
sioner for the towne of New London. 

[58] Sundry of the inhabitants of Wallingford moueing 
this Court that they might haue liberty to gather themselues 
into chm-ch fellowship according to the order of the Gospell, 
their request being considered, this Court grants them their 
desire, they attending the same with the approbation of the 
neighbour churches, and desire the Lord's gracious p^sence and 
blessing may crowne theire endeauoures w^^ such success as 
may advance the glory of God and their spirituall good and 
edification. 

Propownded for freemen : — jH[ar(/brc?,] John Wilson ; 
Stratford, Daniel Bearsly, Ebenezer Booth, Jos: Curtice ; 
Milford, John Stone, Edward Campe ; Norwich, Mr. James 
Fitch and John Gager. 

This Court upon the petition of Miles Marwin have pe- 
rused an act of the County Court of November 11, 1674, 
and doe see good reason to confirm the same, and order the 
Secreti^y to incert so much upon the order of the Com*t. 

Mr. White and Deacon John Hale are appoynted to lay 
out the bownds of Haddum, their east and west bownds, 
according to their grant. 

Deacon John Hale and Wm. Cheeny are appoynted to 
lay out to Mr. Griswould his grant of land, according to his 
grant. 

In answer to Mr. John Blackleach Sen"" his petition, this 
Court declares that they cannot approve or allow of Mr. 
Blackleach his deed of guift therein mentioned, in so make- 
ing over the reversionall distribution of his estate to poster- 
ity as that his present necessities canot be releiued, which 
the revennue can in noe measure supply suitable to their old 
age ; therefore doe order that whoeuer of his children hath 
or shall releiue the s'' father and mother shall be duely re- 
payd out of the sayd lands after their decease, notwithstand- 



COLONY OF CONNECTICUT. 251 

ing the sayd imprudent act of so setting it over to be dis- 
tributed amongst their children. 

James Wells and John Clarke haueing returned to this 
Court, vnder their hands, that they haue layd out to Mr. 
John Blackleach, of Hartford, his grant of land on the east 
end of Midleton bownds and abutts on Midleton bownds on 
the west, and is two hundred rod in length, north and south, 
and on Haddum bownds on the south, and on the commons 
on the north and east, and is one hundred and sixty rods in 
breadth east and west ; November 9, 1674 ; the Court saw 
cause to approue of this return and doe confirm the same 
to the sayd Mr. John Blackleach. 

This Court order that the townships of Guilford and 
Kenillworth shall build and mayntayne a bridge over Homo- 
noscitt River, at their joynt charge, their bownds meeting in 
the midle of the River. By joynt charge is to be vnderstood 
that Guilford is to pay one halfe and Kenilworth the other 
halfe of the charge. Which bridg is to be finished by the 
last of December next. 

In answer to the petition of Capt" Thomas Prentice, this 
Court doe appoynt Mr. Thomas Minor and John Frinck to 
lay out unto s^ Capt" Tho: Prentice the remaynder of land 
that is not taken up where his first grant of three hundred 
acres was layd out; and what is wanting in that place, L"^ 
James Auery and L"^ Tho: Tracey are to lay it out to him, 
with an addition of fifty acres now granted to him by this 
Court, in some suitable place as he shall pitch upon, prouid- 
ed it be taken up and layd out so as may not prejudice any 
former grant or new plantation, and there be not aboue fifty 
acres of meadow in it. 

This Court appoynts Mr. Porter and Sam" Grant to lay 
out to Nathan Gillett his grant of land, according to his 
grant. 

This Court appoynts L"\ James Auery and James Morgan 
to lay out to Mr. Symon Bradstreet his grant of land, accord- 
ing to his grant. 

This Court confirmed Thomas Watts Leivetenant of Hart- 
ford Traine Band. 



252 PUBLIC RECORDS OF THE 

This Court confirmes Nath: Standly Ensigne of Hartford 
Traine Band. 

This Court being sencible of the great inconveniencie that 
doth follow upon the Indians being trusted with goods and 
comodities, which if not preuented is likely to proue ex- 
tremely prejudiciall to the English and allmost destructiue to 
the Indians, doe order that after the publication hereof, whoe- 
soeuer shall trust any Indian or Indians by the sale or ex- 
change of any goods or other thing or things (excepting the 
letting of land to them,) he shall doe it at his owne hazard, 
and not haue the benifit of law for the recovery of the 
same. 

May 1 7. The letter prepared and read in this Court, which 
is for Major Edmond Andross, was approved and ordered to 
be signed pi" the Secretary in the name of the Court, and sent 
to him.* 

This Court nominates and appoynts Major Nathan Gold, 
Major Rob^ Treat and Mr. Jehuc Burr, a committee to treat 
with the inhabitants of Rye and those concerned in lands 
there, and labour to accomadate matters so that there may 
be suiteable encouragment for Mr. Prudden to setle there in 
[59] the ministrey, and such other || suitable inhabitants with 
him as may promoate the setlement of the sayd towne of 
Rye, and the ministry therein ; and if they shall find any 
aversness or difficulty with the inhabitants or proprietors in 
so just and necessary publique good of the towne, they are 
impowered to doe what they see meet for the end afoarsayd, 
and make reporte to the Court in October next, for approba- 
tion. And for the incouragement of the ministry at Rye, 
this Court for this year grants them a penny of the pownd 
upon all the rateable estate of their towne, to be payd out of 
their Country Rate ; and shall be ready as need requires to 
continue such necessary incouragement as they shall judge 
suitable. 

18. Vpon a motion of Major Winthrop in behalfe of 
Mr. Richard Smith, to this Court, that he may haue longer 
time allotted him to gather in his debts then the law alowes 

• See Col. Boundaries, 11. 25, 26 ; and Appendix, XVI. (2.) 



COLONY OF CONNECTICUT. 253 

by reason of a voyage he purposeth to England, this Court 
grants him one year longer than the former law grants. 

This Court appoynts Mr. John Moss and Mr. John Brack- 
ett to lay out to Capt" John Nash his grant of land, accord- 
ing to his grant* 

This Court grants Mr. John Bankes forty shillings towards 
his expences when he was detayned in Yorke, in the year 
seventy three. f 

Whereas in the law Title Freemen, page 26, it is ordered 
that those who are to be admitted freemen are to haue a cer- 
tificate vnder the hands of the selectmen that they haue 
twenty pownds of estate in houseing and lands besides their 
personall estate, in the comon list, it is now ordered by this 
Court that those that for the future shall be propownded for 
freemen, they shall haue a certificate, according to the fore- 
sayd law, that euery such person hath in the List of Estates 
ten pownd estate in land beside their personall estate, and 
those other qualifications expressed in the former law. 

Capt" John Nash, Capt" Wm. Curtice and L"* Tho: 
Munson are by this Court desired and appoynted to lay out 
the highway from Woodbury to Pawgasuck to the most 
convenient place for a ferry, and allso to lay out a conven- 
ient parcell of land for a ferry-place. And the towne of 
Stratford are allso by this Court appoynted to lay out a 
country highway from their town to Pagasuck in the most 
convenient place, to the place where the ferry shall be setled. 

This Court doth grant that Woodbury shall haue liberty 
to choose of what county they shall belong to, whether Hart- 
ford, New Haven or Fayrefeild. 

This Court appoynts L^t Jos: Judson, Mr. John Bankes, 
Edward Worcester and Wm. Judd to veiw the lands of 
Derby, Woodbury, Mattatock, Pottotock and Wyantenuck, 
and the distance between place and place, and to consider 

*Laid out to Capt. Nash, " in Middletown South Flank where Wallingford bounds stopped." 
Recorded, 1086-7. Afterwards purchased by Daniel Merwin, of Durham. [T. & Lands, 

vn. 151. 

t Mr. Banks was the bearer of a letter from the General Court, to New York, and was detained 
there for fifteen days, by order of Gov. Colve. See note on page 216, ante. 

22 



254 PUBLIC RECORDS OF THE 

what may be suitable bownds for each town, and present the 
same to the Court in October next. 

This Court approues of jNIi-. Fitch his receipt of a parcell 
of land of Joshua for the benifit of the country, out of which 
this Court grants Mr. James Fitch, Sen'', and L»' John Mason 
two hundred acres apeice out of the sayd land, and the rest 
to be reserued for the country's other and farther dispose. 

This Court grants Mr. Daniell Wetherell one hundred 
acres of land out of the tract of land given by the Indians 
to Mr. Fitch, he to take it up after Mr. Fitch and Mr. Mason 
haue taken up their grant. 

In order to the petition of Mr. Charles Haynes, the Court 
order that in case Mr. Charles Hill doth not pay the judg- 
ment of the Court in wheat, pease, Indian corn or porcke, to 
Charles Haynes within one moneth after the date hereof, 
vpon the signification thereof, the Secretary forthwith is to 
grant order to the Marshall of the Colony to take the execu- 
tion vpon the estate of Mr. Pickett where the Constable of 
New London left, and to prosecute the same to full effect.* 

This Court grants Mr. Wm. Lewes Sen"", two hundred 
acres of land for a farme, prouided he take it up where it 
may not prejudice any former grant or new plantation. One 
hundred acres of land of this grant Mr. Wm. Lewes granted 
to his grandson Phillip Lewes, and desired so it might be 
recorded w^h the grant. 

May 19. Vpon the application of the inhabitants of Sims- 
bury, this Court haueing veiwed a grant of a liberty by them 
made to Farmington, May 9, '67, concerning the improue- 
ment of there land without fence, doe now see good reason 
to order that the people of Farmington shall haue that priu- 
iledg or liberty continued to them no longer than to the first 
of Aprill next. 

Vpon the petition of Mr. Wm. Rosewcll, and for the in- 
couragement of him in his laudable undertakeing to promote 

* Charles Hajnes recovered judgment, at the Court of Assistants, May Gth, 1673, against Mr. 
Hill, of New London, for £35 damages, for a wound received by Ilaynes's son from the acci- 
dental discharge of a gun in the hands of Mr. Hill's negro servant. The negro belonged to the 
estate of Mr. John Pickett, deceased. [Rec. of Court of Assistants, I. 14, J 5, 2L] 



COLONY OF CONNECTICUT. 255 

the pub: good by rayseing rape oyle, a comodity that may 
wth God's blessing be vsefuU and profitable to be exported 
and to bring in comodities for the supply of the country, It is 
by this Court ordered that from the date hereof no person be- 
sides Mr. Wm. Roswell shall be permitted to erect a mill to 
make rape oyle for the space of tenn yeares, nor after, with- 
out allowance from this Court, It is allso farther ordered, for 
the incouragement of the aforementioned designe, that noe 
[60] cole seed || shall be transported out of this Colony, the 
space of tenn yeares from the date hereof; and for the in- 
couragement of those that shall sowe cole seed for the rayse- 
ing the comoditie, this Court grants two shillings an acre pr 
annum shall be allowed out of the Country Treasury to each 
person that shaU sowe cole seed, for so much as he shall sow, 
till the quantyty of eighty acres be raysed and no more ; and 
this to continnue for tenn yeares ; and that the mill and 
estate so improued in the rayseing the afoars^ commodityes 
with the returnes thereof, persons' land and cattell onely ex- 
cepted, shall be rate free for the time aforesayd. 

In answer to the request of Major John Winthrop, this 
Court return that Norwich Deputies alledging that they haue 
much to speake for their right in those lands, and desireing 
that they may haue opportunety for the towne to manifest 
there right, the Court refers the issue of this matter to the 
Court in October next. 

In answer to Mr. Ely's petition, this Court seriously recom- 
mend it to the towne [of] Lyme to accomadate Mr. Ely^s 
farme with a suitable quantity of vpland to his meadowe at 
Six Mile Island ; and that Mi*. Ely and the sayd towne en- 
deauour a mutuall accoraadation betwixt this and October 
next, and if it be not attayned then, they are to attend the 
Court, October next, for an issue. 

In answer to Benj: Wright's petition, this Court judg it 
requisitt there should be a high way layd out from Benj a; 
Wright's farme to the common, and recommend it to the 
town of Saybrooke to lay out a highway for him accordingly, 
to their towne commons. 

May 20. It is ordered by this Court that for the future 



256 PUBLIC RECORDS OF THE 

the custom masters shall be alowed for all such wme and 
liquors as he enters, for euery single barrell twelue pence, for 
euery hogshead two shillings sixpence, and for euery greater 
parcell fine shillings. 

This Court confirms Mr. Wm. Rosewell Captain of New 
Haven County Troope. This Court confirms Mr. Thomas 
Trowbridge Leivetenn ant of the sayd Troope. 

This Court recommends it to the inhabitants of Kenilworth 
to accomadate Saybrooke in the bownds between them, soe 
that Saybrooke may run from the riuer towards the west, 
three miles at their north bownds, and from thence to runn a 
straight line till they meet with the line where the wadeing 
place is at Manuncketesseck. 

This Court being informed that there was a parcell of 
beach of twenty-fower acres w^^^in the bownds of that land 
Mr. Lynds had layd out to him at Pawcatuck, and this 
Court being inform'^ that it will be necessary to haue some 
more land left for the benifit of a fishing trade, did request 
Mr. Parkes and Capt" Prentice to inform Mr. Symon Lynde 
that if he shall see cause to leaue out of his measure a suita- 
ble proportion of land to be improved for the fishing trade, 
there may be so much added to the other end of his land, 
and that he frhall have the vse and improuement of what 
shall be left as afoarsayd, at all times except when it is im- 
proued for fishing, and that none shall common upon it for 
feeding, without his approbation. 

In answer to the petition of Capt" George Denison, Mr. 
John Gallop, Mr. Tho: Wheeler, &c., that they might have 
some reparation for some loss they haue receiued by their 
being remoued from grants of land to them made, This Court 
now declares that those who can pretend to any damage that 
they have received by sucli removes by order of this Court, 
all such persons arc to uppearc at this Court, October next, 
and make the same appeare, and this Court will then order 
sattisfaction. 

This Court having considered Robin Cassacinamon's peti- 
tion, doe nominate, appoynt and impower the Dept Governor, 
Major Tallcott and the rest of the Assistants here to be a 



COLONY OF CONNECTICUT. 257 

committee in the name of this Court to draw up a commis- 
sion for Robin and Herman Garrett for the gouerning of the 
Pequot Indians, and to appoynt them some under officers, 
and to giue them some order w^h some penalties annexed, for 
prevention their haueing or worshiping any falls Gods, pro- 
fanation of the Sabboth, for not attending the lectures of Mr. 
Fitch amongst them according to his appoyntment, for theft 
and drunckenness, &c. ; and to impower him in case of diffi- 
culty to repayre to Mr. Tho: Stanton and L^t Auery for coun- 
sell, aduice and assistance, as the difficulty shall require ; and 
to order Robin some smale allowance for his Gouerment, to 
be raysed upon his people.* 

This Court [appoints] L"* Tho: Tracey and Ens: Tho: 
Leffingwell to lay out to the Reverend Mr. James Fitch, L"' 
John Mason, Ens: John Standly and Mr. Daniel Witherell, 
their respectiue grants of land, according to their grants. 

Whereas notw^istanding all endeauoures to prevent the 
Indians being drunck, that sin doth increase amongst them, 
this Court orders for prevention hereof, that every Indian that 
[61] is drunck, shall as a penalty for his offence therein, || worke 
twelue dayes with the person that complaines and proues his 
drunckenness, the one halfe of the benifit of his labour to be 
to the complayner & the other halfe to the County Treasurie. 

22. This Court, upon the petition of Mi'. Tho: Stanton 
and Mr. James Noyse, doe grant the wife of Tho: Shaw one 
hundred acres of land, prouided it may be taken vp where it 
may not prejudice any former grant to any plantation or per- 
ticuler person ; and Mr. Nehemiah Palmer and Ephraim 
Minor are appoynted to lay it out to her, according to her 
grant. 

This Court grants vnto L"* James Auery one hundred 
acres of land as an adition to his former grant, vpon the same 
prouisoes that grant was made. 

This Court vnderstanding there hath been some differences 
in the Troop of New Haven County about the choyse of a 
Cornet, haueing approued and confirmed Capt" Wm. Rose- 

• A copy of the laws made by this Commission, for the government of the Pequots, will be 
found in Appendix XVII. 

22* 



258 PUBLIC RECORDS OF THE 

well and L^t Tho: Trowbridge, the Court doth advise the s'^ 
Capt^ and L^t to put the company upon a new choyse of a 
Cornett in whome they may better accord, and allso doe 
aduise in the choyse an eye be had to choose a commission 
officer in Milford to lead that parte out and in. 

Vpon complaint of some of the inhabitants of "Windsor, 
that some fences theire appoynted by this Court hath not 
been so orderly setled as yet, as to compleat the finishing of 
it, it is ordered that Mr. Robert "Webster, Mr. Richard Lord 
and Mr. James Steele, Captaine Wells, or any three of them, 
shall haue power to issue and setle the sayd fence where to 
be and whoe are to make and mayntayne the same, and setle 
where the highway shall runn. 

This Court impowers the Treasurer to send forth his war- 
rants to the Constables of any towne who are behind in pay- 
ment for the law bookes, to require them forthwith to dis- 
treine and gather the same and pay it in according to former 
order ; and if any Constable after such warrants shall neglect 
the makeing eftectuall search after defects and return of the 
same, shall be prosecuted by vertue of the last order of this 
Court, for payment of twenty shillings p"" month, for neglect 
therein. 

Whereas there hath been a declaration or remonstrance 
presented to this Court by Mr. John Stanton, signed by Capt" 
Denison and some others in the name of theire Towne,* 
wherein they complaine and charge the authority with acts, 
orders or lawes passed by them prjudiciall to peace, expose- 
ing their liberties to hazard, the consequences whereof brings 
them to an amazement ; and this Court haueing considered 
the premises, judg such practices ought to be crushed and 
due testimonie to be borne against the same according to the 
penalty expressed in the law, by fine, imprisonment and dis- 
franchizement ; and they haueing been called to speak to 
their complaint and not able to make the same good, pre- 
sented the Court with some acknowledgment of their error 
and retraction of their declaration ; and the HonC'^ Govern'' 
moueing this Court to use what lenety might be towards 

• Btonington. Sec Appendix XVIII. 



COLONY OF CONNECTICUT. 259 

them, the Court allso being of themselues inclined to shew 
what fauoure might be consistent with prudence in such a 
case, doe abate all other punishments and onely sentance 
Capt" Denison that he shall not be capeable to beare office 
in this Colony dureing the Court's pleasure, and pay a fine 
of tenn pownds* to the Country. 

And Mr. John Stanton, the towne's agent, for management 
of his agency, is fined ten pownds for that boldness ; the 
Court expecting that due payment be made of the rates (so 
objected against by the Towne,) in the latter end of this 
summer, at Boston, in money or corn according to order, just 
allowance for transportation being deducted. The rest of 
the subscribers are allso to giue acco* of their miscarriage at 
the Court, when called. 

Forasmuch as it hath pleased the Most High to continue 
his afflicting hand and prouidence upon this Colony and 
Country, by shaking his rod over of comfortable injoyments, 
and allso by that long continuance of blastings and mildues 
upon the fruits of the feild and that present appearance of 
loss by unseasonable weather and great raines, it is ordered 
by this Court that a day of publique humiliation be kept 
throwout this Colony, the first Wednesday in June next, to 
seek the Lord by solemne fasting and prayer, that he would 
bless his wilderness people with gospell blessings, stay his 
hand, giue us a heart to return unto him, that so in judgment 
he may remember mercy and heale C backslideings, loue us 
freely and power out more of his converting spirit by his 
ministry amongst vs, and bless the labours of his people in 
the occasions of the ensueing yeare, and crown the yeare 
throwout with his goodness ; and that the Lord would bless 
o"" Soueraigne Lord the King and C nation with the choys- 
est of blessings, and doe for them as the matter requires. 

The Court is adjourned till the Gou^" or Dept see cause to 
call them againe. 

* This fine was afterwards remitted by the General Court, in consideration of Capt. Denison's 
distinguished services in the Indian war. 



260 



PUBLIC RECORDS OF THE 



[62] A Generall Court by speciall order of the Gou- 

ERNO"", CALLED TO MEET THIS 9'^ OF JuLY, 1675. 

Wm. Leete Esq'', Dep* Gou^. 



Mr. Samii Willys, 
Major Nath: Gold, 
Major John Tallcott, 
]Mr. Henry Woolcott, 
Mr. Wm. Joanes, 
Capti John Allyn, 

Deputies. 
Captn Samii WeUs, 
Mr. Samii Tallcott, 
Deacon John Moore, 
Mr. John Loomys, 
iVIr. John Wadsworth, 
Lnt Samii Steele, 
Mr. Nath: White, 
Mr. Jehu Burr, 
Mr. John Bankes, 
Mr. Jer: Osborn, 
Deacon John Fowler, 
Ens: John Graue, 
Captn Wm. Curtice, 
Mr. John Pickett, 
Ln' Jonath: Sillick, 
Mr. Simon Woolcott, 
John Case, 
Sarjt Wm. Parker, 



Mr. James Richards, 
Mr. James Bishop, 
Captn John Nash, 
Major Robt Treat, 
Capti Tho: Topping. 

The Court being mett, they were 
acquainted w'^ the occasion of theire 
meeting, which was the present 
trouble of the Indians now risen 
against the English, spoyleing and 
destroying of them by fire and 
sword ;* and allso some motions of 
Major Andross, and in particuler a 
letter sent to the s^ Andross from 
the Gouerno'', Dep* and Assistants 
(in answer to a letter rece^ from 
him,) dated June 16, last.f 

And allso the order of the Gou- 
erno"" and Assists sending forces to 
Stoneington and New London for 
the defence of those places, July the 
1st, last; and their sending Capt" 
Bull to Saybrooke with the commis- 
sion and instructions given him, 



Deacon George Clarke, July 7''' last, and sent to Saybrooke 

• Intelligence of the breaking out of the Indian War, in Plymouth Colony, and of the dan- 
ger to which the eastern towns in Connecticut were exposed, had been received by the Gov- 
ernor and Council, from New London and Stonington, on the 1st day of July, On the 4th, a 
letter from the Council of Massachusetts gave further assurance of the greatness and immi- 
nence of the danger. Forces were immediately dispatched for the defence of the eastern 
frontier towns of the Colony ; and a special session of the General Court was convened. The 
proceedings of the Governor and Assistants, from the first to the eighth of July, will be found 
at the commencement of the Journal of the Council of War, in a subsequent part of this vol- 
ume ; together with copies or abstracts of all important correspondence, &c., relating to the 
progress of the War and referred to in the Records or the Journal of the Council. 

t See Appendix XIX. 



COLONY OF CONNECTICUT. 261 

Ens: Gerrard Spencer, after him, July 8^^ last ; as allso the 
Mr. John Brackett, forces sent from the sea side to Say- 

Mr. John Bowten. brooke, by the Dept Gouerno'" and 

Assistants of the sea side ; — which 
the Generall Com-t haueing considered and heard the records 
of those actions, they by their vote declared their acceptance 
and approbation and confirmation of the same. 

It is ordered that the letter drawn up by this Court for 
Major Andross be signed by the Secretary in the name of 
the Court, and posted away to him.* 

Mr. Jonathan Sellick being chosen by the Traine Band of 
Standford Captain, as appeares by the testimonie of Mr. 
Lawes, Liuetenant Bell and sundry others, is by this Court 
confirmed accordingly Capt^of the s^ Traine Band. 

This Court for the prevention of whatever may fall out to 
prejudice the wellfare or safety of this Colony or Gouerment 
in the intervalls of the Gen" Assembly's sitting, for the want 
of persons sufficiently impowered to act in all matters or 
things that may be needfull, it is now ordered that there shall 
be a Councill, consisting of the Gouerno^, Dep* Gouerno'", 
and Assistants, with Capfn Newbery, Capt" Wells, Mr. John 
• Wadsworth and Mr. Rich^^ Lord or so many of them as shall 
be conveened, shall be a standing councill and shall haue as 
full power as the Charter will alow, to consult, conclude and 
act all matters and things emergent, according to their best 
discression, provided their acts are not inconsistent with our 
Charter ; and what the aforesayd councill shall determine, 
they or any fiue or seuen of them, or agree vpon, the Gou- 
ernor or Dep' Gouerno' being allways present, shall be 
deemed as good and efTectuall to all intents and purposes as 
if the same were acted by the Generall Court ; and this to 
stand till October Court next. 

IQth. Whereas we are informed that Major Edmond An- 
dross is come with some considerable force into this his 
Mafies Colony of Connecticutt, which might be construed to 
be, in persueance of his letter to vs, to invade or intrude 
upon the same or upon part of o"^ Charter limits and priui- 

* A copy of this letter will be found in the Appendix, XIX. 



262 PUBLIC RECORDS OF THE 

ledges and so to molest his Mamies good subjects in this junc- 
ture, when the heathen rage against the English and by fire 
and sword have destroyed many of his Maties good subjects, 
our neighbours of Plimouth Colony, and still are carrying 
their heads about the countrey as trophies of their good suc- 
cess, and yet are proceeding farther in their cruell designes 
against the English, — in faythfullness to our Royall Sove- 
raigne and in obedience to his Majestie's commands in his 
gracious Charter to this Colony, we can doe no less then 
publiquely declare and protest against the sayd Major Ed- 
mond Andross and these his illegaU proceedings, as allso 
against all his ayders and abettors, as disturbers of the pub- 
lique peace of his Mat'es good subjects in this Colony; and 
that his and their actions in this juncture tend to the incour- 
aging of the heathen to proceed in the effusion of Christian 
blood, which may be very like to be the consequences of his 
actions, and which wee shall unavoydably lay at his dore, 
and use o^ utmost power and endeauoure (expecting therein 
the assistance of Almighty God) to defend the good people 
of this Colony from his the sayd Major Andross his attempts, 
not doubting but his Ma^i^ will countenance and approue c 
just proceedings therein, they being according to the com- 
mission we haue rece^ from his Ma^'e in his gracious Char- 
ter to this Colony ; by which power and trust so committed 
unto vs, we doe againe forewarne and aduise the sayd Major 
Andross and all his ayders and abetters to forbear and desist 
any such forenamed unjust and unwarrantable practices, as 
they expect to answer the same with all such just damages 
and costs as may arise or accrue thereby. And we doe fur- 
ther in his Mat'es name, require and command all the good 
people his Ma^'ea subjects of this Colony of Conecticutt 
[63] under o^ present Gouermcnt, || vtterly to refuse to attend, 
countenance or obey the sayd Major Edmond Andross or any 
under him, in any order, instruction or command divers from 
or contrary to the lawes and orders of this Colony here es- 
tablished by vertue of his Ma^'^^s gracious Charter granted to 
this his Colony of Conecticott, as they will answer the con- 
trary at their perill. God save the King. 



COLONY OF CONNECTICUT. 263 

This voted nemine contradicente. 

This Court orders that the aboue written declaration should 
be forthwith sent forth to the seuerall plantations, sealed with 
the scale of the Colony and signed by the Secretary, to be 
there published. 

July 12th. This Court ordered that the letter drawn up 
to the Gouerno"" of the Massachusets &c. be signed by the 
Secretary in the name of this Court and sent to the s<i Gou- 
ernor accordingly.* 

This Court ordered that the letter drawn up in Court to 
Capt" Winthrop be signed by the Secreti'y and sent post to 
him. The coppy is on file, of the file of this Court.f 

Forasmuch as the good people of this his Ma^'es Colony 
of Connecticut haue mett w^^ much trouble and molestation 
from Major Edmond Andross, his challeng and attempts to 
surprize the mayne port of the sayd Colony, which they haue 
so rightfully obtayned, so long possessed and defended 
against all invassions of Dutch and Indians, to the great 
grievance of his Ma^'es good subjects in their setlements, and 
to dispoyle the happy gouerment by Charter from his Ma^ie 
granted to themselues, under which they have enjoyed many 
halcion dayes of peace and tranquilitie, to their great sattis- 
faction and to the content of his Ma^'e graciously expressed 
by letters to them, so greatly engageing their loyaltie and 
thankefullnes as makes it intolerable to be put off from so 
long and just setlement vnder his Maf^'es gouernment by 
Charter, — hereupon, for prevention of misrepresentations 
into England by the sayd Major Andross against us, for o*" 
refuseall and withstanding his attempts made with hostile 
appearances to surprize us at Saybrooke, while we were ap- 
proaching towards a sauage Indian enemie that had com- 
mitted much outrage and murther by fire and sword upon 
o"" neighboures about Plimouth, — This Court haue desired 
the Honof'i John Winthrop and James Richards Esqi's, or 
either of them (intending a voyage to England upon their 

* Copy in War, Vol. I. Doc. 46. 
t No copy preserved. 



264 PUBLIC RECORDS OF THE 

own occasions) to take with them the Narrative* and cop- 
pyes of all the transactions betwixt us, and to giue a right 
understanding for cleare[ing] our inocencie and better secure- 
ing or injoyments, as occasion shall offer; and what charge 
or expences may be necessary in persueance hereof, shall be 
by the Treasurie of this Colony duely repayd. The Secre- 
tary is ordered to furnish [^Aem] with aU coppyes and write- 
ings which may be, for the end afoarsayd, by the Councill be 
thought needfull. 

It is allso ordered that if any thing should fall out to hin- 
der the sayd John Winthrop Esq"" and Mr. James Richards 
in their intendment for England, that then the Councill take 
an effectuall course to improue some other freind or freinds 
here or in England for the ends afoarsayd, by the first and 
safest convayance thither. 

This Court being moued to consider of the law respecting 
Quakers, doe see cause at pi'sent to suspend the penalty for 
absence from o^ publique assemblyes, or imprisonment of 
those of that perswasion, prouided they do not gather into 
assemblies in this Colony nor make any disturbence. 

The Court is adjourned till the Gouernor or Deputy Gou- 
ernor shall call them againe together. 



[64] A General Court held at Hartford, October 14: 

1675. 
Wm. Leete Esq"", Dep' Gou^. 
Mr. Samii Willys, Mr. James Bishop, 

Mr. Henry Woolcott, Major Rob' Treate, 

Mr. James Richards, Capt" Tho: Topping. 

Capt" John Allyn, 

Deputies. 
For Hartford ; Mr. Rich^ Lord, Mr. "Wm. Pitkin. 
For Windsor; Capt" Benj: Nuebery, Deacon John Moore. 

• This highly interesting document, (hitherto unpublished,) will be found in the Journal of 
the Council of War, under date of July 22. 



COLONY OF CONNECTICUT. 



265 



For New Haven ; Sargt Jeremy Osborne, Mr. Wm. Bradly. 

For Fayrefeild ; Mr. Jehu Burr, Mr. John Bankes. 

For Brandford; Mr. John Wilford. 

For Stratford ; Capt" Wm. Curtice, Mr. Jos: Hawly. 

For Wallingford ; Mr. John Moss. 

For Guilford ; Mr. Andrew Leete, Deacon Jn" Fowler. 

For Milford ; Deac. Georg Clarke, abs., Mr. Sam'i Bucking- 
ham. 

For Norwalke ; Mr. John Gregory, Daniel Kellog. 

For Haddum ; Ens: Jarad Spencer, Georg Gates. 

For New London; L"* James Auery, absent, Mr. Charles 
Hill, abs. 

For Midleton; Ens: Nath: White, Sarjt Wm. Cheeny. 

For Standford ; L"' Jonath: Bell, abs., Mr. Jos: Theale. 

For Farmington ; Mr. John Wadsworth, L"t Samii Steele, a65. 

For Saybrook; Mr. Rob* Chapman, Sarjt Wm. Pratt. 

For Kenilworth ; Mr. Edward Griswold. 

For Stoneington ; Mr. John Gilbert. 

For Lyme ; L^t Renold Maruin. 

Vpon the inteligence of the enemie's approaching neer. 
Norwich, and some inteligence of their purpose to assault 
some of the English plantations, as is informed by an Indian, 
the Reverend Mr. Fitch desireing allso some assistance to be 
afFoarded,* this Court ordered Major Treat forthwith to post 
down to sayd Norwich forty men well fixed and fitted for ser- 
uice, under the conduct of some suitable comander, there to 
assist and defend the sayd plantations if there be present oc- 
casion, or els to return forthwith. 

The List of Estates of the severall plantations are; — 

Hartford,! 15462: 00: Stratford, 6639: 16: 

Windsor, 13481: 00: Norwalke, 4847: 00: 

Wethersfeild, 11359: 00: Standford, 5182: 00: 

Farmington, 06253: 00: Greenwich, 1950: 00: 

Midleton, 04818: 00: Rye, 1909: 01: 

Haddum, 02014: 00: N. London, 9572: 00: 

* Letter from Rev. James Fitch, in War, Vol. I. Doc. 10. 

t Supply the words " persons and estates are," after the name of each town. 

23 



266 PUBLIC RECORDS OF THE 

NewHauen, 13550: 00: Norwich, 4756: 00: 

Milford, 08836: 05: Stoneington, 7402: 00: 

Brandford, 02746: 00: Lyme, 3076: 00: 

Guilford, 06538: 06: Saybrooke, 5108: 12: 

Fayrefeild, 10111: 02: Kenilworth, 2330: 00: 

"Whereas the Councill of Conecticutt, August 9^^ last past, 
raysed forces to assist and defend o"^ neighbours and o^selues 
what they could from the insolencies of the heathen, and ac- 
cordingly commissionated Major Rob* Treat to be Com- 
mander in Cheife of such forces as should be improued, as 
by their commission, August 30 last past, will appeare ; and 
Major Rob* Treat appeareing before this Court and desireing 
to lay down his commission, — This Court haueing considered 
the same doe thankefully accept of the good seruice the Ma- 
jor hath done, and haue taken so good sattisfaction in the 
Major's good conduct that they doe desire and order Major 
Rob* Treat to continue his regiment ouer the forces of this 
Colony raysed for the prosecution of the enemie, and doe 
order the continuance of his commission granted as before 
by the Councill. 

The Court ordered a letter to be directed to Capt" Sam^^ 
Apleton, to giue him an acco* of the occasion of o"" calling of 
Major Treat down into these parts, and allso to desire thes"^ 
Captain Apleton to inform us his resolues concerning the 
prosecution of the enemie ; which letter the Court ordered to 
be signed by the Secrefy and the coppy thereof is on file. 

The inhabitants of Derby haueing desired the aduice of 
this Court, what is their best way to attend for their safety 
in this time of difficulty, the Court return that they judg it 
the best and safest way to remoue their best goods and their 
corn, what they can of it, with their wiues and children, to 
[65] some || bigger towne, whoe, in a way of Prouidence, 
may be in a better capacitie to defend it ; and that those that 
stay in the towne doe well fortify themselues and stand upon 
their guarde, and hasten the remoueall of their corn as afoars^ 
what they may ; and all inhabitants belonging to the place 
may be compelled by warrant from any Assistant to reside 



COLONY OF CONNECTICUT. 267 

there vntill this may be done. The like advice is by this 
Court giuen to all smale places and farmes thorow out this 
Colony to be obserued. 

This Court did nominate and appoynt the Reverend Mr. 
Chancey* to be the minister for the army, to goe out with 
Major Rob* Treat in this present expedition. 

This Court appoynted Thomas Watts Captain of the 
forces of the county of Hartford. This Court allso appoynted 
John Standly L^t, and Sam^i Marshall Ensigne of the sayd 
armie. 

This Court freed Sarj* William Cornwell his head from 
payeing of rates. 

This Court ordered a hundred and twenty men to be raysed 
out of the Colony by proportion, (Stoneington and Norwich 
^onely exempted.) It is allso ordered that this hundred and 
twenty men in case they be improued, shall be taken out of 
the sixty in each county ordered to be raysed by this Court. 
• The Court wrote a letter to Capfn Apleton to giue him an 
account of what iiiteligence is w^h us, and allso to desire him 
to send down our soldiers or com himselfe to the releife of 
these plantations, if the enemie appeare to be repelled out of 
those coasts, as p"" the letter on file will farther appeare. 

Forasmuch as this Court, by reason of inteligence (both 
from o"" freinds towards the Narrogansetts and allso from 
Major Androssf ) of great combinations and threatenings of 
the Indians against the English, and perticularly against the 
greatest part of this Colony, and that speedily to be put in 
execution, the late experience and motion of the enemie seem- 
ing to suite such a designe, haue seen cause to call backe 
their present forces unto Hartford to be improued as farther 
occasion may call for ; It is therefore hereby ordered, that 
each county doe speedily rayse out of their severall townes in 
their respective countyes, sixty souldiers, well fitted with hors 
armes and ammunition, as dragoones,Avho shall be imbodyed 
for motion in their severall respectiue countyes for the de- 

* Rev. Israel Chauncey, of Stratford. 

t The letter of Major Andros, dated Oct. 10th, is printed with the Journal of the Council of 
War, in a subsequent part of this volume. 



268 



PUBLIC RECORDS OF THE 



fence of the Colony against any sudden assault of the ene- 
mie. And because of the difficulty and danger of moueing 
ouer the riuer at Saybrooke, this Court orders Saybrooke and 
Kenilworth to fall in with New Haven, as part thereof in this 
undertakeing. The proportioning of each plantation and all 
other things necessary for the well ordering of the severall 
companyes is left to the ciuill authority in each county to 
order as they shall judg most conduceable to the end afoar- 
sayd ; and that they be ready for the releife of each other upon 
notice, as any exigence may call for. And because there are 
the JMoheags and Pequots dwelling amongst those fower 
townes of New London County, it is ordered that Capt^ 
James Auery take the command of forty English from the 
three townes of New London, Stoneington and Lyme, to be 
raysed together with such of the Pequots as he likes, and. 
Capt" John ]\Iason shall take twenty English from Norwich 
with the Moheags ; each party to quarter and lye where they 
may be of best vse for the end afoars<^, and to joyne together 
as there may be any occasion or exigence, vpon notice from 
Major John Winthrop ; they to appoynt such inferior officers 
as they shall thinke most meet. This to be dispatched forth- 
with, without delay, and so to remayne till farther order. 

Captain Wm. Rosewell is to command those raysed in 
New Haven county, and to appoynt inferior officers. 

Capt" Wm. Curtice is to command those raysed in Fayre- 
feild county, and to appoynt inferior officers. 

This Court desires Major Gold to send up Mr. Josiah 
Harvy or John Hall to be chirurgions to the army, which of 
them he judgeth most suitable. 

This Court, from the deep sence of the eminent danger 
that all o"" plantations are in by the nakedness of each and 
euery place, doe order and appoynt every plantation (as a 
means under God for theire safety,) to make such suitable 
places of defence as they are capeable of, and appoynt such 
places for their women and children and others that are not 
able to help themselues, to repayre vnto in case of assault ; 
that all out livers and weak places doe take a speedy and 
effectuall course to get their women and children, corn, and 



COLONY OF CONNECTICUT. 269 

the best of theire estates to places of the most hopefull se- 
curety, as is within their compass to doe ; and that each 
plantation doe appoynt suitable persons as a committe to 
order those affayres respecting places of fortification and de- 
fence. And doe farther order that the cheife millitary officer 
in each town doe appoynt who shall defend in each fortifica- 
tion, and whoe shall be for a feild army ; and in case of an 
assault by an enemie or an allarme, whosoeuer shall willfully 
neglect to attend what he is appoynted to doe for the defence 
of the place as afoars"^, he shall be punished either with death 
or such other punishment as the Court Marshall shall adjudge 
him to. For inferior punishments, the commission officers 
[66] of the place to issue such cases ; but || for life and 
limbe, the Court Marshall is to issue such affayres, which 
Court is to consist of the Dept Gouerno'" and the Majors of 
the severall regiments. 

18. Mr. Rob* Chapman is by this Court appoynted to be 
Capt" of the Traine Band of Saybrooke, dureing these pres- 
ent commotions with the Indians. 

This Court orders that the people of Simsbury shall haue 
a week's time to secure themselues and their corn there, and 
the end of the week from this date, the souldiers now in gar- 
rison at Simsbury shall be released their attendance there. 

This Court grants a Rate of sixpence upon the pownd of 
all the rateable estate in this Colony, to defray the Country 
debts, to be payd in wheat, pease, Indian corn, beefe and 
porck. There shall not be aboue one halfe payd in flesh, and 
the other halfe in corne, in equall proportion ; the wheat at 
fine shillings p"" bushell, pease fower shilfings, Indian three 
shillings per bushell ; beife, forty shillings a barrell, and porck, 
three pownd a barrill ; all to be good and merchantable, and 
the beife and porck to be well repact by the sworn packer 
and marked w^h his marke. And in case any shall pay more 
flesh than the proportion aboue mentioned, he shall pay it 
ten shillings in the bareU cheaper than is before expressed. 
It is allso ordered that any person shall haue liberty to pay 
his rates in money, prouided he pay his whole rate in money. 

Whereas the Gouernor and Mr. Richards haue engaged in 
23* 



270 PUBLIC RECORDS OF THE 

behalfe of the Country for some powder and lead, this Court 
orders the Treasurer to take care for the discharging of their 
sayd ingagements. The Treasurer to take care for the re- 
ceiueing and secm-eing the sayd ammunition. 

This Court grants the Dep' Gouernor forty pownds for his 
salary for this yeare. 

This Court appoynted Major Edward Palmes, Capt" Benj: 
Newbery, Mr. Sam" Sherman, Capt" Wm. Curtice, Capt" 
John Mason, I\Ii-. Mathew Gilbert, Mr. Sam ' Tallcott, Mr. 
John AYillford, Mr. John Wadsworth and Mr. Tho: Fitch, to 
stand in nomination for Assises, at the Election Court in 
May next. 

In regard of the present emergencies of afFayres and diffi- 
culties that may fall in by reason of the present hostility the 
Indians are in against the English, this Court have nomina- 
ted and appoynted the Dep Gouerno"" and Assistants, with 
Capfi Benj: Newbery, Mr. Richard Lord, Mr. John Wads- 
worth, INIr. Sami' Tallcott, Mr. Jehu Buit and IN'Ir. John 
Bankes, to be a standing Councill, to order, dispose and man- 
age such afFayres as shall fall in and be necessary to be at- 
tended in the intervals of the Gen" Court, and are hereby 
fully impowered to act and transact all such occasions as 
shall fall in, aud what shall be concluded and determined by 
them or any fiue of them shall stand in full force and vertue 
as if it had been acted or determined by the General Court 
themselves. 

This Court grants the Secreti'y for his extraordinary ser- 
uice in writing, besides what the law alowes him, the sum of 
fifteen pownds to be payd out of the publique Treasurie. 

19. This Court orders that such Troopers as shall neglect 
to prouide themsclues with long armes, viz. a carbin or mus- 
kett, between this and the last of August next, sliall be dis- 
banded and attend the foot company as other inhabitants 
doe. 

This Court findeing the present state of affayres to haue a 
great tendency to the want of prouissions in this Colony, if 
some prevention be not made, the Court haue therefore or- 
dered that from the publication hereof, no sorte of corn or 



COLONY OF CONNECTICUT. 271 

graine, meale, flower, or bread, be exported or convayed out 
of this Colony or be shipped aboard any vessel or vessells, 
without speciall lycenss from the Councill or from some 
fower Assises of this Colony ; and that whosoeuer shall ex- 
porte or convay or ship any such corn or graine, meale or 
flower or bread, shall forfeit the same or the value thereof to 
the Colony. The one fowerth part of such fines to be to the 
complainer. 

This Court findeing a necessity of prohibiting the supply- 
ing of the Indians with armes and ammunition, doe order th at 
whosoeuer after publication hereof shall directly or indirectly 
supply any Indian or Indians with any sorte of armes or am- 
unition within this Colony, without order from the CounciU, 
he shall suffer twelue moneths' imprisonment w^'^out bayle 
or maineprize, and be seveerly whipt at his entrance and 
once a quarter dureing his continuance in prison. 

This Court grants unto Mr. James Bishop the sume of 
tenn pownds, for his attendance on the publique occasions 
this yeare. 

[67] This Court confirms Samuel Munson, Ensigne of 
Wallingford Traine Band. 

20. This Court did order Mr. Buckly* to be iraproued in 
this present expedition, to be chyrurgion to our army ; and 
allso the s^^ Mr. Buckly and Mr. Chancy were ordered and 
impowered to be of the Councill of War. 

Capt" John Allyn, Mr. James Richards, Mr. James Bishop 
and ]\Ir. John Bankes were appoynted to audite the Treas- 
urer's accots for the yeare past. 

21. In regard of the present commotions amongst us by 
reason of the Indians who are now in hostility against us, 
and the hazard of trauell and the great need we haue of help 
and assistance to mayntaine o"" afFayres, this Court doe de- 
sire the Honord Mr. James Richards to continnue here at 
Hartford to attend the Councill: and for the next adjourn- 
ment of the Com^s, in case they meet according to their ad- 
journment in Mr. Richards his absence, this Court doth 
desire and impower Captaine Wayte Winthrop to attend 

• Rev. Gershom Bulkeley, of VVethersfield. 



272 PUBLIC RECORDS OF THE 

the adjournment of the Commissioners and doe fully impower 
him to act in behalfe of this Colony in all matters and things 
according to the Articldes of Confederation.* 

The Court being apprehensiue of the necessity that som 
prouission be made so to order the converss that may be be- 
tween the English and those Indians that are yet freindly to 
vs, so as neither may rashly, unjustly or imprudently injure 
the other, and findeing it difficult to make a generall order 
thereabouts, in regard of the different circumstances that may 
attend seuerall plantations, doe therefore recommend it to the , 
Assistants or Commissioners to come to some agreement 
wth all the neighbour Indians, how they may be able to dis- 
tinguish the friendly Indians from others ; and that the sayd 
Indians doe not approach any of our plantations, watches or 
wardes but at set times and places as they shall agree, and 
in such maner as may be with safety to the English and 
themselues if the enemie should know and counterfeite the 
same ; and that their articles of agreement be carefully kept 
on both sides, that so the Indians may haue no harme nor 
the English be disquieted nor betrayed by theire unexpected 
approaches or the enemie's approach in their appoynted 
order or likeness. But its advised that aU due care be taken 
to treat the Indians amicably in all parts, and not to put them 
upon any unrighteous or intoUerable tearmes to be obserued, 
least trouble breake out to the country thereby : which agree- 
ment to be made by the Magistrates and Commissioners at 
each County Towne, with the Indians of each respectiue 
County. 

The present distress of this Colony being such as requires 
the just assistance of all persons in time of war, and equity 
requireing that all seruiceable persons should share as well 
in warr as in peace, and many persons, being led by inordi- 
nate feare to distrust of God's prouidence, may desert the 
Colony, — It is therefore ordered by this Court that if after 
the publication hereof, till this order be againe repealed, any 
male person aboue fowerteen yeares of age or under the age 
of seventy yeares, shall remoue or be remoued by any meanes 

* The Comnjissioners of tbe U. Colonica met at Boston, Nor. 2d. 



COLONY OF CONNECTICUT. 273 

out of this Colony (whereby their persons are not ready for 
such publique seruice as were they present they might be en- 
joyned) without lycenss from the Councill or som fower As- 
sistants, euery such person so absenting himselfe, shall forfeite 
to the publique Treasurie of this Colony the sume of one 
hundred pownds ; and if estate of his cannot be fownd he 
shall be lyable to such corporall punishment as the Court 
shall judge agreeable to his offence, considering the time of 
his departure and continuance. Such as are setled inhabit- 
ants in any other Colony are not here intended to be kept 
from their homes. 

The Court is adjourned vntill the Gouernor or Deputy see 
cause to call them together agayn. 



[68] At a Court of Election held at Hartford, May 

11: 1676. 
These were tiominated for election : Wm. Leete Esq"", Mr. 
Samii Willys, Major Nath: Gold, Major John Tallcott, Mr. 
Henry Woolcott, Capt^ John AUyn, Mr. Wm. Joanes, Mr. 
James Richards, Mr. Alex: Bryant, Mr. James Bishop, Capt" 
John Nash, Major Robt Treate, Capt" Tho: Topping, Major 
Edw: Palmes, Capt" Benj: Newbery, Mr. Sam" Sherman, 
Capt° Wm. Curtice, Capfi John Mason, Mr. Math: Gilbert, 
Mr. Sam" Tallcott, Mr. John Willford, Mr. John Wadsworth, 
Mr. Tho: Fitch. 

These were elected : 

Wm. Leete Esq^, Gouerno"".* 
Major Rob' Treat, Dep' Gouerno"". 

* Gov. John Winthrop died, at Boston, (where he was attending a mealing of the Coinin'rs 
of the U. Colonies,) April oth, 1676, — in the 71st year of his age. In a letter of that date to 
Dep. Gov. Leete and the Council, Mr. Danforth and Mr. Stoughton (two of the Commissioners,) 
write, — " Gentlemen, we doe heartily condole with your and our great loss in the death of 
your worthy and right honjurable Governour, wlio departed this Ufe ihis morning, about five of 
the clock. • * * Sure, we may truely say to the people of all these Colonies, " Know ye not 
that a great man is fallen this day in this our Israel !" a gentleman every way lovely and full 
of love, and therein eminently conformable to that great pattern example of Love and Wisdom. 
The Lord grant that these our sad bereavements, one after another of our principal leaders in 



/ 



274 PUBLIC RECORDS OF THE 

Assistants. 
Mr. Sam^i Willys, ]\Ir. James Richards, 

Major Nathan Gold, Mr. Alex: Bryant, 

Major John Tallcott, Mr. James Bishop, 

Mr. Henry Woolcott, Capt" John Nash, 

Capt. John Allyn, Capt" Tho: Topping, 

Mr. Wm. Joanes, Capt" John Mason. 

Major John Tallcott, Treasurer. 
Capt° John Allyn, SecrefT/. 
The Deputies of the Court are, — 

For Hartford ; Mr. Josep: Fitch, Mr. Wm. Pitkin. 

For Windsor ; Deacon Jn^ Moore, Mr. John Loomys. 

For Wethersfeild ; Mr. Sam'i Tallcott, L^t John Chester. 

[37] For New Haven ; L"' Tho: Munson, Mr. Wm. Bradly. 

For Fayrefeild ; Mr. Jehue Burr, Mr. John Banckes. 

For New London ; Mr. Wm. Dowglass. 

For Farmington ; Mr. John Wadsworth, L"* Sam" Steele. 

For Standford ; Captn Jona: Silleck, L"* Jona: Bell. 

For Guilford ; Mr. Andr: Leet, Wm. Johnson. 

For Haddum ; Ens: Jarred Spencer, Georg Gates. 

For Kenilworth ; Mr. Edw: Griswold, L"' Hen: Crane. 

For Milford; L"' Wm. Fowler, Deac: George Clark. 

For Stratford ; Francis Hall, Jehiel Preston. 

For Saybrook; L"^ Wm. Pratt, Sarj: Wm. Parker. 

For Wallingford ; Mr. John Moss. 

For Rye ; Peter Disbroe. 

For Norwich ; L^t Tho: Tracey, Ens: Tho: LefRngwell. 

For Brandford ; Mr. John Willford. 

For Midleton ; Ens: Nath: White, Sarj: Wm. Cheeny. 

For Norwalke; Sarjt Walt^ Hoyt. 

For Lyme; L"' Rein: Maruin, Mi-. Wm. Measure. 

For Stoneington ; Mr. Nehe: Palmer. 

Commonweallh and Church, may not yet further presage wrath from God to this people I" 
[War, I. 59] 

Mr. Leete, who was now elected Governor, had formerly been for many years a magistrate 
and deputy governor in New Haven Colony, and its Governor from IGGl to the union in 1665. 
He was then chosen a magistrate of Connecticut, and, in 1G09, deputy governor ; to which 
office he wa^ annually re-elected until 1670. 



COLONY OF CONNECTICUT. . 275 

This Court haue made choyse of George Graue to be 
Marshall for the yeare ensueing and untill a new be chosen ; 
and in the matter of execution, he is only required to prouide 
persons to doe it upon the Country's acco', as he shall be 
appoynted by authoritie. 

There being a dissattisfaction with the Councill for not 
aloweing pay to the sixty men raysed in each county by or- 
der of this Court, October last, and the Court haueing now 
considered the same, doe judg it requisite and accordingly 
doe alow that those dragoones shall receiue pay from the 
pub: Treasurie, for what time was expended in the s<^ seruice 
when they rallyed, and for their march forth and back, with 
the necessary charge ariseing thereupon, and no other. 

Some of the Gent" of the Councill haueing given to this 
Court a briefe acco* of their transactions and prosecutions of 
the war against the Indians, in rayseing and sending forth 
men against the enemie, and allso in rayseing of money for 
the defraying of that publique charge, together with some 
transactions by letters past between them and the Gouerno"" 
of New York, and disspose of some of the captiues brought 
in from the enemie, and inuiteing and receiuing of some of 
the enemie to mercy ; the Court haueing considered the 
premises, doe take sattisfaction in what hath been declared 
to be done by the sayd Councill and approue of the same. 
[69] Major John Tallcott and Mr. James Richards are by 
this Court chosen Commissioners for the Vnited Colonyes 
for the yeare ensueing, and the Secretary is appoynted for a 
reserue. 

The Commissioners for the seuerall plantations were 
chosen as folio weth : — Capt" Benj: Newbery, for Windsor Sf 
Simsbury ; Mr. John Wadsworth, for Farming-ton; Mr. 
Sami' Tallcott & L^t John Chester, for Wethersfeild ; Mr. 
Giles Hamlin & Ens: Nath: White, for Midleton Sf Had- 
dum; Capfn Rob* Chapman & L^t Wm. Pratt, for Saybrook 
8f Lyme ; Major Edward Palmes, Mr. Dan^i Witherly & 
Capfn James Avery, for New London; Mr. Tho: Minor, Mr. 
Thomas Stanton, for Stoneing-ton ; Mr. Edward Griswold, 
for Kellingworth ; Mr. Andrew Leete, for Guilford; Mr. 



276 PUBLIC RECORDS OF THE 

John Wilford, for Brandford; Capt^ Wm. Curtice & Mr. 
Samii Sherman, for Stratford Sf Woodbiiri/ ; Mr. Jehu Burr 
& Mr. Wm. Hill, for Fayrefeild; Mr. Tho: Fitch & L"' 
Richard Olmstead, for Norioalke ; Mr. Richard Lawes and 
Mr. John Holly, for Standford, Greenwich Sf Rye; Mr. John 
Moss, for Wallingford. Mr. Bur is appoynted to administer 
the oath of Commissioners to the Commissioners of Fayre- 
feild County ; L"^ Pratt to swear Capt" Chapman ; Mr. 
Birchard is appoynted to administer the oath of Assistants to 
Capt" John Mason, and Commissioners of New London and 
Stoneington. 

L"' Joseph Orton is by this Court appoynted and impow- 
ered to administer oathes to fence veiwers and other town 
officers required by law to take oath, to grant warrants in 
ciuill actions and for witnesses, and stopping of runn awayes, 
&c. 

13. In answer to the petition of Edward Stolion, the 
Generall Court recommend and referr to the County Court 
of Hartford the consideration and issue of this petition in 
refference to the abatement of the sume he is fined in, and 
that he sattisfying in tolerable pay and in such competent 
time as the County Court shall set him, his estate engaged 
shall not become forfeited. 

In answer to the complaint or petition of Mrs. Abigail Lay, 
of Lyme, that her son is detayned at Rhode Island,* this 
Court haue seen just cause to order that the Treasurer send 
to Captaine Cranston the thankes of this Court for his care 
and paynes about o"" wounded men, and to desire him to re- 
lease the sayd Lay's sonn that he may com home ; and to 
engage to the sayd Captaine just sattisfaction for his cost 
and care upon him; and allso to send him a barrell of oat- 
meale and forty bushells of Indian corn in part of pay, and to 
desire him to send an acco* of what is due to him from the 
Colony for his care and charge about the wounded men. 



• The Petition is in War, Vol. I. Doc. 70. Mrs. Lay, (widow of John Lay,) alleges that her 
son having been irnpre-ssed in the country service, was wounded at the swamp fight, Dec. 1675. 
He had been conveyed to R. Island, and remained there, with Major Cranston, until his wounds 
were cured ; and he was now desirous to return home, but was without money to satisfy the 
charge for his board and expenses. She asks the General Court for relief. 



COLONY OF CONNECTICUT. 277 

Whereas in the law title Book Debts, fo: 19, it is ordered 
that all such booke debts as are out should be accotd for or 
ballanced with the originall debtor or his attourny, agent, 
assigne, or other lawfuU successor or substitute, and an acco' 
or balance thereof assured by specialty or by the debtor's sub- 
scribeing his name to the creditor's booke, within three 
yeares, commencing from the 1^' of June, 1673, or els they 
should not be pleadable in any Court, as by the s^ law more 
at large will appeare ; now in regard of the distractions and 
troubles by this present war, which haue hindered the perfect- 
ing of acco's as afores'', this Court doe see good cause to 
grant another yeare for men to perfect their accounts in, be- 
fore the sayd law take place. 

This Court being informed that sundry wounded men are 
come to Mr. Bulckly, this Court desired Mr, Bulckly to take 
the care and trouble of dressing the s'^ wounded souldiers till 
God bless his endeauoures with a cure ; and Mr. Stone is 
desired and ordered to assist Mr. Bulkley in the worke of the 
ministry so long as Mr. Bulkly shall be improved as before. 

This Court considering the many complaynts and vrgen- 
cies from sundry persons, of the want of corn in the neigh- 
bour Colonys, and their iinportuneties for liberty to export 
corn out of the Colony of Connecticott, as they haue lately 
permitted the Council to grant lycenses, as appeares by for- 
mer order, whereupon considerable quantities of corn haue 
allready been exported from the seuerall partes of this Juris- 
diction, so still they are willing to their vtmost to pi'vent a 
dearth of corne and to supply their neighbours and encour- 
age trade, though in time of war, wherein we are barred of o"" 
wonted liberty in husbandry, doe therefore order that liberty 
may be to all persons that shall desire to export out of this 
Colony to the neighbour Colonys what corn, flower, bread, 
meale or graine any such person or persons as shall so ex- 
port, the s<^ person or persons shall giue sufficient securety to 
such as are appoynted by this Courte to looke after this mat- 
ter in behalfe of this Colony, that he or they shall all along 
and at the end of three moneths after the date of this order, 
haue the same quantitie of corne, flower, bread, meale or 
24 



278 PUBLIC RECORDS OF THE 

graine, and of the same kinde, in readiness for the use of the 
people in necessitie, or for the country, at any time or at the 
end of the sayd three moneths if it be demanded of them, for 
just sattisfaction for the same to be giuen by the persons that 
receiue the corn or from the Countiy out of the next Country 
[70] Rates ; and that to be deliuered || to the country's use 
in or at the same town or place from whence any such pro- 
portion of corn, flower or graine shall be at first exported, and 
that it shall be deliuered in good order and well conditioned. 
The true intent of this order is that liberty shall be to all per- 
sons alike, prouided that the reseruation of corn ought not 
to include men's necessary family prouission or for defraying 
present debts or occasions ; and these things and grants shall 
be done by the Authority and townesmen in each respectiue 
towne. And whosoeuer shall ship any corn, bread, flower, 
meale or graine, and not giue in securety to haue so much in 
readiness as he ships, according to this order, shall forfeit the 
double value of all such corn, bread, flower, meale or graine 
he so ships or transportes, the one halfe to the complainer, 
the other halfe to the publique Treasurie. 

15. This Court haueing considered the present danger of 
the country by reason of the enemie's force and strength, and 
the outrages they committ upon the persons and estates of 
the good people of the Vnited Colony es, judg it necessary 
that there be forthwith raysed three hundred and fifty men in 
the Colony to be a standing army ; they, with the Indians, 
to be improved by the Councill in such way and manner as 
they shall finde most advantageous for the publique good, 
either in the Narrogancett country or elswhere ; to be raysed 
in the countyes as followeth ; Hartford county, 122 ; Fayr- 
feild county, eighty-two ; New Haven, 78 ; New London, 
sixty-eight. Each souldier to haue a pownd of powder and 
three pownd of bulletts (of their own or of the towne stocks.) 
To be at Norwich upon the 27th of this moneth. 

For the supply of our army with provission, this Court 
orders that there shall be raysed in the county of Hartford 
six hundred bushells wheat, and in Fairfefld county fower 
hundred bushells of wheat, in New Haven county two hun- 



COLONY OF CONNECTICUT. 279 

dred busliells of wheat and one hundred and fifty bushells of 
Indian com and pease ; to be raysed by the appoyntment of 
the authority in each county upon the seuerall plantations. 
And two hundred bushells of wheat is to be sent from Fayre- 
feild to New London, and one hundred bushells of wheat 
from New Haven, and one hundred and fifty bushells of In- 
dian corne and pease, and two barrills of porck, all to be de- 
liuered to Mr. Daniel Witherly and Mr. Wm. Dowglass, by 
them to be secured for the use of the army. The wheat to 
be grownd and baked into bread forthwith, and to be deliu- 
ered by order from the Councill. 

Major John Tallcott is appoynted coraander in chiefe of 
this army. 

The Reverend Mr. Buckly is appoynted chirurgeon of the 
army. 

The Reverend Mr. James Fitch is chosen minister of the 
army. 

Capt" Jonathan Silleck was chosen Capt" for Fayrefeild 
county, and Cornelius Hull L^t, John Moorehouse Ensigne. 
Joseph Judson is appoynted Capt", if Capfn Silleck be dis- 
inabled. 

Capfn Tho: Munson was chosen Capt" for N. Haven 
County ; Moses Mansfield, L"' ; Samii Burrill, Ensigne. 

Capt" George Denison is chosen Capt" for N. London 
County, and second to the Major ; Tho: Leffingwell, Leiv- 
tenant ; John Bebee, Ensigne. 

Major Tallcott is allso allowed liberty to take either Capt" 
Newbery or Capt" Clark to be Captaine of his life guarde ; 
and to allott him his company. 

16. This Court haue seen cause to grant IVIr. Andrew 
Beltcher and Mr. John Blaney liberty to lade their vessells 
with corne before the order granting liberty of transportation 
be published, prouided they giue notice to such as shall lade 
upon them and see that the sayd former order be fully 
attended in the perticulers of it, upon the penalty of the for- 
feiture expressed in the s^ order, a coppy whereof is commit- 
ted to the sayd Mr, Beltcher and Mr. Blaney. 

Mr. Wm. Pitkin is appoynted and impowered to caU to 



280 PUBLIC RECORDS OF THE 

accot and implead John Wheler of New London, for his un- 
just disposeing of the estate of the Country, and prosecute 
him for all such irregularities and dishonesties as shall ap- 
peare against him in the discharge of the place of a commis- 
sary, at the next Court at New London. 

The Hono'^d Major Tallcott refuseing to accept of the 
place of a Treasurer, Mr. Wm. Pitkin was by this Court 
chosen Treasurer for the year ensuing. 

[71] This Court order that four coates be payd out of the 
publique Treasurie for two Indians that were taken by the 
Indians and put to death by order of the Councill of Warr, 
at that time when the volunteers took Nanantinoe. 

Whereas notwithstanding former prouission made for the 
due sanctification of the Sabboth, it is observed that by sun- 
dry abuses the Sabboth is prophaned, the ordinances rendered 
unprofitable, which threatens the rooteing out of the power 
of godlyness and the procureing of the wrath and judgments 
of God upon vs and o^" posteritie ; for prevention whereof it 
is ordered by this Court, that if any person or persons hence- 
forth, either on the Satturday night or on the Lord's Day 
night, though it be after the sun is sett, shall be found sport- 
ing in the streets or feilds of any town in this Jurisdiction, or 
be drinking in houses of pub: enterteinment or elswhere un- 
less for necessity, euery such person so found, complayned 
of, and proved transgressing, shall pay ten shillings for euery 
such transgression, or suffer corporall punishment for default 
of due payment; nor shall any sell or draw any sort of strong 
drinke at any time or to be vsed in any such maner, upon the 
like penalty for euery default. 

It is allso farther ordered that noe servill worke shall be 
done on the Sabboth, viz. such as are not workes of piety, 
charaty or necessity, and no prophane discourse or talke, 
rude or unrcvercnt behauioure shall be used on that holy 
day, upon the penalty of ten shillings fine for euery trans- 
srression hereof; and in case the offence be circumstanced 
with high handed presumption as well [as] prophanesse, the 
penalty to be augmented at the discression of the Judges. 



COLONY OF CONNECTICUT. 281 

Widow Coalman is permitted to transport seven pownds 
worth of corn to Boston on Mr. Belcher's sloope. 

Whereas reading the Scripture, cattechizing of children 
and dayly prayer with gineing of thankes is part of God's 
worship and the homage due to him, to be atended consci- 
entiously by euery Christian famaly to distinguish them from 
the heathen whoe call not upon God, and the neglect of it a 
great sin, provoaking to God to power forth wrath on such 
famalyes or persons, for redress whereof, where any such neg- 
lect may be fownd, this Court doe solemnly recommend it 
to the ministry in all places, to looke into the state of such 
famalyes, conuince them of and instruct them in their duty, 
and by all due meanes incourage them that none may be 
found among us utterly ignorant and prophane; and the 
townesmen are to inquire after such famalyes and assist the 
ministry for the reformation and education of the children in 
good litterature and the knowledge of the scripture accord- 
ing to good lawes allready prouided. But if any heads or 
governours of such famalys shall be obstinate and refractorie 
and will not be reformed, that the grand jury present such 
persons to the county court, to be fined or punished or bownd 
to good behauiour, according to the demeritts of the case. 

Whereas it is obserued that young persons getting from 
under the gouerment of parents or masters before they are 
able to gouern themselues, which early liberty hath or may 
be an occasion of many euills and inconveniences, and hath 
moved this Court seriously and heartily to recommend it to 
the select men of the severall plantations to be carefull to pro- 
hibit and not to grant liberty to vnmeet persons to entertaine 
boarders or sojourners ; and it is allso ordered by this Court 
that all, such borders or sojourners as doe liue in famalies as 
such, shall carefully attend the worship of God in those 
famalys where they so board or sojourn, and be subject to 
the domesticall gouerment of the s'^ famaly, and shall be 
ready to give an acco*^ of their actions upon all demands, 
upon the penalty of forfeiting of fiue shillings for euery 
breach of this order; and that no children shall be at liberty 
to dispose of themselues upon pretence of lawfull age, with- 
24* 



282 PUBLIC RECORDS OF THE 

out the parents' consent, and approbation of the authority of 
the place. 

In order to the preventing of the Increase of Druncken- 
nesse. Upon complaynt of abuses that are groweing upon 
us by the retaylcs of wines and liq""^, this Court doe order 
that henceforth no person or persons shall rctaile any less 
quantities then an anchor of drink at a time, Avithout special 
lycenss from an Assistant or Commissioner, the same not to 
be deliuered at seuerall times or in seueraU parcells but at 
one time, except such as are allowed thereto by the County 
Courts, upon the penalty of twenty shilling forfeiture for 
euery time that any person shall be fownd legally convicted 
thereof, any law, custome or usage to the contrary notwith- 
standing. And this Court doe order and command aU con- 
stables, grand jury men, to take speciall care and to make 
dilligent search for all transgressors of this order, and to 
make due presentment of those that shall be fownd trans- 
gressors, to the next authority. 

It is allso ordered by this Court and the authority thereof, 
that the selectmen with the constables of each town in this 
Colony shall be and are hereby required to take speciall care 
and notice of all and euery person and persons frequenting 
publique houses where wine, liq''«, cyder and strong beere is 
sold, and spending their precious time there, and thereupon 
to require him or them to forbeare frequenting such places ; 
and if after that any such person shall be fownd in such 
place and be legally convicted thereof, he shall forfeit fiue 
shillings or sit in the stocks one hower for euery such offence; 
and the selectmen and constables shall giue notice to the 
keepers of such houses of enterteinment that they suffer no 
such noted person in any of their houses, upon penalty of 
twenty shillings for euery such defect, aU such fines to be 
payd to the county treasurie. 

[72] Whereas it is observed that the sin of vncleannesse 
doth increase amongst us, this Court doth recommend it to 
the ministers of justice in the severall countys of this Col- 
ony, to beare such due testimonie against such wickedness 



COLONY OF CONNECTICUT. 283 

according to law, that (if it be God's holy will) such sin and 
wickedness may be prevented. 

Whereas excess in apparell amongst vs is unbecoming a 
wilderness condition and the profession of the gospell, where- 
by the riseing generation is in danger to be corrupted, which 
practices are testifyed against in God's holy word, It is there- 
fore ordered by this Courte and authority thereof that what 
person soever shall wear gold or siluer lace, or gold or siluer 
buttons, silk ribbons, or other superfluous trimings, or any 
bone lace aboue three shillings per yard, or silk scarfes, the 
list makers of the respectiue townes are hereby required to 
assesse such persons so offending (or theire husbands, parents 
or masters, vnder whose gouerment they are,) in the List of 
Estates, at one hundred and fifty pownd estate, and they to 
pay their rates according to that proportion, as such men 
use to pay to whom such apparell is alowed as suitable to 
their ranke : prouided this law shall not extend to any Mag- 
istrate or a like pub: officer of this Colony, their wdves or 
children, whoe are left to their discression in wearing of ap- 
parell, or any setkd millitary commission officer, or such 
whose quality and estate haue been aboue the ordinary de- 
gree though now decayed. 

It is farther ordered that all such persons as shall for the 
future make or ware or buy any apparell exceding the qual- 
ity and condition of their persons and estates or that is ap- 
parently beyond the necessary end of apparell for covering or 
comelyness, either of these to be judged by the Grand Jury 
and County Court where such presentments are made, shall 
forfeit for euery such offence ten shiffings. And if any taylor 
shall fashion any garment for any child or servant contrary 
to the minde of the parent or master of such a child or ser- 
vant, he shall forfeitt for every such offence ten shillings. 

This Court grants the Gouernot" liberty to transport ten 
pownds worth of corn from Kenilworth on Mr. Belcher's 
sloope for Boston. 

This Court impowers Major John Tallcott and the Treas- 
urer to take care to send ammunition necessary for the use 
of the army to New London, pr Mr. Belcher's vessells, and 



284 PUBLIC RECORDS OF THE 

to order a hundred bushells of wheat thither with him, to be 
deliuered to Mr. Witherell and Mr. Dowglass at New Lon- 
don, to be forthwith baked into bread. 

This Court orders the Secretary to write to Mr. Fitch, in 
their name, to desire him to inform Vncass and the Pequots 
that it is their mind that those captiues that they haue in 
their hands, which the Councill sold to Major Palmes, be de- 
liuered him, and that he perswade them to attend the order 
of this Court therein, if they be perswadable to such a thing. 

The Treasurer is ordered to agree w'h JVIr. Beltcher to pur- 
chass a hundred and fifty pownds worth of armes and am- 
munition for the use of the Country, to be payd out of the 
next country rate, not exceeding 2d. on the shilling advance 
for armes and amunition bought for ready money. 

This Court being sensible of the emergencies of affayres 
and difficulties that may fall in, in the intervalls of the Gen^^ 
Court, for the carrying on of the present war, haue thought 
meet to nominate and appoynt the Gouernof, Dep' Gouerno'", 
Assistants, with Capt"! Benja: Newbery, in his absence 
Capfn Dan^i Clarke, Mr. Richard Lord, Mr. John Wadsworth, 
Mr. Samii Tallcott, Mr. Jehu Burr and Mr. John Bankes, to 
be a standing Councill, to order, manage and dispose of all 
such affayres as shall be necessary to be attended in the in- 
tervalls of the Gen" Court, who are hereby fully impowered 
to act, and transact all such occasions as afoarsayd ; and 
whatsoeuer shall be determined by them or any three or four 
of them, shall stand in full force and vertue, as if it had been 
determined and acted by the Gen" Court, the Gouerno'' or 
Dep' Gouerno'' being alwayes one. 

18. This Court permits Mr. Gilbert to transport thirty 
bushells of wheat for Mr. Bloer, to Boston ; and to transport 
one hundred bushells of grain for himselfe, to Boston. 

This Court doe order that for such horses as are lost or 
de'ad in the country seruice there shall be payd to the owner 
three pownds p"" horss, to be payd in the next yeares Rate 
and not before except in cases of poverty, where, upon acco*' 
[73] of mercy, the Councill may || order their pay upon the 
present Rate. Such horses as are lost in the service, the own- 



COLONY OF CONNECTICUT. 285 

ers shall receiue hire for them for no longer time then they 
were improved in the service. 

This Court judging it requisitt that there be a quantity of 
armes prouided for the use of the Country, doe order that all 
persons who are rated in the comon List of estates at one 
hundred and fifty pownd, shall mayntayne and haue in read- 
iness by them, one good and seruiceable fire lock gunn, viz. 
a musket, culliver or curbine, for the use of the country, be- 
sides such armes as he is by former order required to mayn- 
tayne ; and all persons who are listed at two hundred and 
fifty pownds shall keep two gunns; and so for euery hundred 
pownds estate more aded to his list, he shall prouide a gunn 
for the country's use. 

It is ordered by this Courte that all such persons as haue 
lost gunns in the country's service and are allowed to receiue 
pay for them, shall haue gunns purchased for them by the 
Constables of each towne, upon the Country's charge. 

Propownded for freemen ; John Steele, Tho: Tompson, 
John Norton, Sam'^ Lewes, John Howkins, Phillip Jud, Mr. 
Beltcher, L"* Jos: Wadsworth, Sam" Wadsworth, Tho: 
Wadsworth, Wm. Burnam, John Olcott, John Pantry, Jon- 
ath: Bull and Sam" Olmsteed, Wm. Waller. 

It is ordered that the lost sadles and bridles are to be ad- 
judged and the price determined by the Constables and 
those appoynted by the Councill to accept and signe the ac- 
cots in the severall plantations. 

This Court orders that all wounded souldiers who haue 
been wounded in the country service, shall haue cure and 
dyet on the country acco*, and halfe pay till they are cured. 

This Court doe grant that all such Indians as haue been 
in hostility against the English, as shall at any time within 
the space of thirty six dayes after the date hereof come and 
surrender themselues to the English for mercy, such persons 
as shall so com and surrender their armes and ammunition, 
viz. all such armes as they haue used in this present war, 
submit themselves to the gouernment of the English, as the 
Pequots &c., and shall dwell where they are appoynted by 
the Councill, till the wars are ended and afterwards, and 



286 PUBLIC RECORDS OF THE 

shall be subject to such Goueriio'"^ as shall be appoynted over 
them, and make no war without our leaue, and assist us in 
all or warrs, such persons shall haue their Hues granted (and 
not to be transported out of this Country,) Avith necessary 
allowance for hunting and fishing, and land to plant on. 

This Court alloweth the chirurgeons viz. Mr. Bracket, Mr. 
John Hull, Sarjt Warde and Mr. John Olmsteed, fowerteen 
shillings p"" weeke a peice. 



A Session of the Gen^' Court, Octob'" 12: 1676, in 
Hartford. 
Wm. Leete Esqr, Gou"". 
Mr. Sam" Willys, Mr. Wm. Joanes, 

Major John Tallcott, Mr. James Bishop, 

Mr. Henry Woolcott, Capt" John Nash. 

Capt" John Allyn, 

Deputyes. 

For Hartford ; Mi-. Richd Lord, Mr. Wm. Pitkin. 

For Windsor; Deacon John Moore, Mr. John Loomys. 

For Wethersfeild ; Mr. Samii Tallcott, Capt" John Chester. 

For N. Haven; Capt" Tho: Munson, Capt" Moses Mansfeild. 

For Saybrooke ; Capt" Rob^ Chapman, L»' Wm. Pratt. 

For Stonington ; Mr. Amos Richeson, Mr. Ephraim Minor, 
abs. 

For Norwalke; Mr. John Bowden, Mr. Mark Sension. 

For Farmington; Mr. John Wadsworth, Capt" John Standly. 

For Norwich ; Lnt Tho: Tracy, L"* Tho: Leffingwell. 

For Wallingford ; Mr. John Moss. 

For Milford; Deacon Jn" Clarke, Sarjt Tho: Camfeild. 

For Brandford ; Mr. John Wilford, abs., Mr. Dan^ Swain. 

For Stratford; Capt" Wm. Curtice, Capt" John Minor. 

For Lime ; Mr. Jos: Peck, Tho: Lee, abs. 

For Kelinworth ; Mr. Edward Griswold. 

For Standford ; L"* Jonath: Bell, Mr. Jos: Theale. 

For Haddum ; Ens: Jared Spencer, Georg Gates. 

For Guilford ; Mr. Andr: Leet, Ens: John Graue. 



COLONY OF CONNECTICUT. 287 

For Midleton ; Ens: Nath: White, Serj: John Graue. 

For N. London ; Capt" James Auery, Mr. Dan'' Witherell, 

ahs. 
For Fayrefeild ; Mr. John Bankes, L"t Corn: Hull. 
For Greenwich ; L"t Jonath: Lockwood. 
For Rye ; Timothy Nap. 

This Court mett and adjourned to eight of the clock the 
next morning. 

Die 13. Wm. Biggs by reason of his age is dismissed 
from paying of rates for his person. 

Die 14. This Court doth nominate and appoynt Major 
Tallcott, Mr. Pitkin, Mr. Banckes, Capt^ Auery and Captn 
Minor, to be a committee to heare what the Indians, Mo- 
heags, Pequots, Narrogancetts and others, haue to propownd, 
and allso to labor to compromise and draw such matters as 
they haue to propownd as near to an issue as they can ; and 
to make report of their issues or considerations to the Court, 
for their confirmation of the same. 

The Treasurer informing this Court that sundry of the 
constables in the seuerall plantations haue not made up theire 
accots with him, by reason (as they alledg) of the p«"sent 
troubles and distractions of the times ; and desireing that 
further time may be allotted them before they are culpable, 
according to the law, to (|he penalty ailexed for not makeing 
, [74] up their acco^s, upon consideration of the premises, || this 
Court grant the Constables a longer liberty to make up their 
accots for the yeare past, viz. to the S"^ Thursday in Novem- 
ber next. 

The Court adjourned till Monday morning, eight of the 
clock. 

16. The Court mett this day and adjourned till the mor- 
row, eight of the clock. 

17. Vpon the request of Thomas Shaylor, this Court 
haueing presented to them a deed of sale that Mary Corby 
gaue him for a parcell of land in Haddum, bearing date 
the lO'h of January, 1674, and being informed that Wm. 
Corbe had made sale of the sayd land to Shaylor in his 



288 PUBLIC RECORDS OF THE 

life time, by the information of Ensigne Spencer and George 
Gates the Deputies of s*! Haddum, — this Court upon request 
saw good reason to confirme the sayd deed and grant of land 
therein made, unto Thomas Shaylor and his heirs and'as- 
signes foreuer. 

18. The Court approues of Tho: Bissell and Sam^i Grant's 
laying out of Nathan Gillett's grant of land to Sam^^ Cross. 

Whereas there are many souldiers that doe complayn of 
great damage that they have receiued in the late wars by 
wounds and disabilitie thereby to attend theire occasions, 
which will proue too long and too many for the Court to 
heare and determine, this Court doe therefore appoynt and 
impower the Councill to hear and determine all such cases as 
shall be brought before them, and to alow some equitable 
reparation as they shall judg meet, any order to the contrary 
notwithstanding. 

Hermon Garrad and Cattepezett his son haueing by a 
deed written Octobr 16, 1676, quitted his claime to the land 
in Stoneington bownds and agreed to sundry articles as p"" 
the sayd deed appeares, the Court agree that from the east- 
ern bownds of Stoneington as farr eastward as Wequatuxet 
brooke, neer Ninicraft's old stone forte, be allowed to Harmon 
Garret and his successors, that bredth six mile from the sea 
northward, he haueing at present made to us appeare the 
best claime ; and this to stand untin a better right doth ap- 
peare.* 

Herman Garrad's release or relinquishing of right to the 
land in Stoneington bownds was exhibited in Court, and 
ordered to be recorded, and L"* Tracey and L^^ Leffingwell 

^ * Sept. 23d, 1676, Hermon Garret renewed his petition to the General Court, for a confirma- 
tion of his title to a tract of land, eight miles square, " betwixt a pond called Minnabog, on the 
west, near the Common Road, and Wequatuxet. a brook, on the east, lying beyond an old fort 
called Ninigret's." lie says that " being now aged, and hath bene sick great part of last win- 
ter, and feares he is now in a consumption, he earnestly requests that he maye shew his papers 
& pleas for his land ;" which could not be regarded as conquered land, " seeing his father was 
the Knglishe's friend, and entertained Maj. Mason & his C'ompanie at his wigwam when going 
against the Pcquots, and made proclamation that noe tidings should be carried to the Pequots 
upon painc of death ; & also he & Ilarmongarret & his men then faithfully assisted the Knglish 
and never did the English wrong." He and his son Catapazet had also assisted the Knglish in 
the war with Philip, &,c. [Indians, I. 29.] 



COLONY OF CONNECTICUT. 



289 



were appoynted to run the lines about the land claymed and ■ 
appoynted to Hermon Garratt and Cattepezed; and they 
are desired to doe it within the space of one moneth. 

This Court upon petition granted the Pequots and o"" Nar- 
rogancett Indian freinds liberty to hunt in the conquered 
lands in the Narrogancett Country, prouided they sett not 
traps to prejudice English cattell, and that they doe their best 
to attacque and destroy the enemie, and continually upon all 
such occasions they make reporte thereof to the next Author- 
ity of the English in this Colony ; and this priuiledg to be 
continued unto them dureing the Court's pleasure. 

The Sunck Squa, Ninicroft's daughter, and her men are 
by this Court permitted to plant and dwell upon that tract of 
land comonly called Moshowungganunck, (with the consent 
of Hermon Garrad allready granted) dureing the Court's 
pleasure : prouided they be faythfull freinds to the English, 
and prosecute C enemies, attacquing, destroying and dis- 
couering of them to vs as there is opportunety, and entertain- 
ing no Strang Indians without license from this Court. 

It is allso ordered that all such people of Hermon Garrad's 
and the Sunck Squa's men as goe to plant in the fore- 
mentioned place, be inroled, (which are s^^ to be about a hun- 
dred males,) and returned to the Secreti^y to be kept upon 
file. 

Naw^vahquannoe and one or two more are by this Court 
granted liberty to live upon the Shannuck lands and to plant 
there, dureing the Court's pleasure; prouided they entertaine 
no strange Indians without license of the Court, and that 
they prosecute and destroy o"" enemies as they haue opper- 
tunety. 

The Court by their vote declared that they judged the 
wampum and estate taken about Ninicroft's towne when 
Major Palmes and his company were out, was not free 
plunder. 

19. The Court by their vote ordered a continuance of the 
order made by this Court, May last, respecting a Councill, 
vntill the Generall Court in May next. 

The Court granted to Robbin Cassacinamon six of the 
25 



290 



PUBLIC RECORDS OF THE 



Incomers or captiues, to keep them as servants, prouided he 
take such as are not allready engaged or dissposed by the 
English. Nenaquabin and an old squa w^h him and his wife's 
vnckell Grasheacow and his wife and a pawpoose of Grash- 
eacow, and an Indian that is sick, Sasabenewott, are those 
desired by Robin, and allowed to him by the Court. 



[75] 

Persons. 

241. 
102. 
141. 
204. 
094. 
029. 
153. 
071. 
079. 
045. 
085. 
038. 



The List of Persons and Estates are: — 



Hartford, 

Farmington, 

Wethersfeild, 

Windsor, 

Midleton, 

Haddum, 

New London, 

Norwich, 

Stoneington, 

Lyme, 

Saybrooke, 

Kenil worth. 



Estates. 

£14559. 
06128. 
10082. 
13053. 
04811. 
01690. 
09061. 
04598. 
06337.* 
02846. 
05041. 
02342. 



237. 
151. 
048. 
098. 
043. 
152. 
078. 
065. 
081. 
036. 
032. 



New Haven, 

Millford, 

Brandford, 

Guilford, 

"VVallingford, 

Fayrefeild, 

Stratford, 

Norwalke, 

Standford, 

Greenwich, 

Rye, 



Estates. 

£12993. 
08524. 
02579. 
06215. 
01660. 
09428. 
05522. 
04073. 
04673. 
01719. 
01591. 



Whereas the law Title Ministers' Mayntenance, page 
52, orders that where there are more then one assemblies in 
a towne, all persons shall contribute to one or both of those 
societies within their townships, it is now aded to the sayd 
order that in such places as afoarsayd the severall inhabitants 
shall pay towards the ministers' mayntenance of one or both 
theire societies as foloweth, viz. if they shall choose to pay to 
one, they shall pay in full proportion with the rest of that so- 
cietie ; if not, they shall pay to both societies ; the one halfe 
of every such person's estate shall be rated with the people 
of one society, and the other halfe of their estates with those 
•of the other societie, in full proportion w^'' their neighboures 
•of each societie. 

Whereas there is complaint made of great damage that 
comes by stopping of water courses, for prevention whereof 



♦ Incorrect; afterwards reduced to £6,016, by order of Court, May, 1677. [See page 308, 
poet] 



COLONY OF CONNECTICUT. 291 

it is ordered by this Court that all water courses shall be kept 
clean and open, and the selectmen shall, upon complaint 
made to them of the breach of this order, repayre to the per- 
son or persons complayned of, and order them to open theire 
water courses ; and if they shall neglect or refuse to do the 
same the space of fouerteen days after such warning, they 
shall forfeit the sume of forty shillings, the one halfe to the 
complayner and the other halfe to the County Treasurer. It 
is allso ordered that the survayors in the severall plantations 
shall keep the water courses open in the highwayes, and in 
case of their neglect, being warned by the Selectmen to clear 
any water cours, the space of fowerteen days, they shall for- 
feit the sume of forty shillings, the one halfe to the complainer 
and the other halfe to the County Treasury. 

Vpon the request of L^t David Wilton, in behalfe of Capt" 
Marshall's widdow, this Court doth appoynt Capt" Newbery 
and impower him to make up acco^^ with those that are 
debtors and creditors to the estate of Capt" Marshall deceas- 
sed,* and he is hereby impowered to call the sayd debtors and 
creditors to appeare before him, for time and place as he shall 
appoynt by his warrant to attend the same. And in regard 
the sayd Captaine Marshall was taken forth in the country 
seruice wherein he lost his life, the Court are willing to allow 
the sayd Captain Newbery rationall sattisfaction for his 
paynes therein, whoe is desired to hasten the dispatch thereof, 
by the County Court in Hartford, December next. 

The legatees of Joshua's will are by this Court appoynted 
to appeare before the Court next May, by themselves or sub- 
stitutes, to attend the setleing of the affayres of the will.f 

* Capt. Samuel Marshall, of Windsor, who commanded one of the Connecticut companies in 
the expedition under Major Treat, was killed at the "Fort fight," Dec. 19th, 1675. His Will 
and Inventory are recorded in Hartford Prob, Records, IH. 148, 150. 

t Joshua, sachem of the western Niantics, the third son of Uncas, lived near Eight Mile 
Island, within the bounds of Lyme. His will, executei Feb. 29th, 1675-6, gave to his two 
sons a tract of land northwest of Saybrook, with remainder to his daughter, and, in case of her 
death, to his father, Uncas ; and his lands at Podunk and in Hartford bounds to his sons, with 
remainder to his two squaws. The residue of the lands which he professed to own, was given, 
in shares of from 500 to 5,000 acres each, to various persons residing in Hartford, Norwich, 
New London, Saybrook, and elsewhere. The division of this property, and the questionable title 
of the testator to the lands devised, gave rise to numerous law suits ; and frequent references 
will be found in the Records and State Files to the claims of " Joshua's legatees." A copy of 



292 PrBLIC RECORDS OF THE 

Wm. Fowler was appoynted and approued Captain of 
Milford traine band, and Samuel Eales Livetenant. Moses 
Mansfeild is appoynted and approued Livetenant of N. Ha- 
ven traine band. 

This Court appoynts Mi*. John Birchwood, Commissioner 
for this present yeare for Norwich, and L"^ Leffingwellis ap- 
poynted and impowered to administer the oath of a Com- 
missioner to him. 

21st. Vpon the request of Mr. Andrew Beltcher, this 
Court doe remitt the forfeiture of the corne that was seized 
on board his vessell at Saybrook last spring, the necessary 
charge attending seizing being defrayd by him. 

Henry Crane was by this Court confirmed Liuetenant of 
Kellingworth Traine band. 

This Court haueing considered the petition of Elizabeth 
Rogers, the wife of John Rogers, for a release from her con- 
jugall bond to her husband, with all the allegations and 
proofes presented to clear the righteousness of her desires, 
doe find just cause to grant her desire, and doe free her from 
her conjugall bond to the sayd John Rogers.* 

This Court appoynts Major Palmes, Capt" Newbery, Mi*. 
Sam" Sherman, Capt" Wm. Curtice, Mr. Math: Gilbert, Mr. 
Sam" Tallcott, Mr. John Wadsworth, Mr. John Willford, 
Mr. Tho: Fitch, Mr. Rob^ Chapman, to stand in nomination 
for election, in May next. 

This Court grants a Rate of eighteen pence upon the 
pownd upon all the rateable estate of the Colony; the Rate 
to be payd as it was last yeare, both for specie and price. 

23. From Guilford, John Goodrich, Nath: Stone, Sam" 
Hale, Sam" Stone, Thomas Scranton, Thomas Stone, are 
nominated for freemen. 

Josliua's will is preserved in Vol. 1. of Indian papers, Doc. 30 ; and another in Col. Rec. of 
Lands, 11.130. 

* Klizabeth Rogers petitioned the Court of Assistants, May, 1675, for a divorce. The Court 
finding " some ditiiculties as to a present issue finally," yet the case being one which called 
" for compassion to the woman under so great distress and hazard," referred the conclusion to 
the General Court in October, giving lilierty to Mrs. Rogers to reside meanwhile with her father, 
(Matthew Griswold, of Lyme.) See Rec. of Co. of Ass'ts, I. 20 ; Marriage Contract, in Crimes & 
Misdem'ra, L 74. 



COLONY OF CONNECTICUT. 293 

[76] This Court doth impower Major John Tallcott to rayse 
such volunteer forces as shall be necessary and willing to 
prosecute, seize and captivate, kill and destroy all such In- 
dians as are in hostillity against the English, and all such 
who haue allready surrendered and are runn away from the 
English ; prouided they charge not the country with such 
prosecution as afoarsayd. 

This Court grants the Gouernour's Sallary for this pres- 
ent yeare to be the sume of sixty pownds, and his charge at 
Hartford. 

This Court grants the Dep* Gouernor twenty pownds for 
his charge and trouble this yeare. 

This Court grants the Secretary fifteen pownds besides 
what is allowed him by former order, for his paynes this 
yeare. 

This Court grants Mr. Willys a release of the corn seized 
last spring, he defraying the charge. 

The Treasurer is allowed twenty pownds for his -salary 
this yeare. 

The Marshall is allowed for his sallary twelue pownd for 
this yeare. 

The deputies are allowed fower shillings p^ man for their 
long attendance this Court, aboue their salary. 

Vpon the petition of Sarah Towle whoe hath been de- 
serted by her husband aboue six yeares, without any care or 
provission made for supply of her or her child's maintenance 
by her husband, this Court declares that in case the said 
Towle shall haue oppertunety to joyne herselfe in marriage 
with another man, she is left at liberty soe to doe without 
offence to the law or this Court. 

Those formerly presented for freemen last Court, viz. Mr. 
Wadsworth three soiis, Sam", Joseph & Tho:, and John 
Pantry, are admitted freemen. 

Mr. Francis Bell is admitted a freeman of this Colony. 

This Court orders that the troope in New Haven county 
doe forthwith furnish themselues with long and short armes 
according to law, and be exercised in their armes by theire- 
25* 



294 PUBLIC RECORDS OF THE 

officers, or that they shall return to the respectiue traine 
bands to which they formerly did belong. 

Mr. Tho: Minor, Mr. Nehemiah Palmer, Joseph Peck, Mr. 
Mathew Griswould and Mr. Wetherell and Mr. Hill, Mr. 
Andrew Leete and John Graue are appoynted to signe bills 
in theire respectiue plantations, for what is due from the 
country. 

This Court doe release the garrison souldiers of Saybrook 
garrison and doe nominate and appoynt Mr. Chapman and 
L"!' Pratt to appoynt some meet person to dwell in the house 
there and attend the seruice of the country as they shaU or- 
der, with the promise of allowance of fiue pownds p"" annum.* 

This Court doe appoynt the Treasurer to pay to Mr. 
Wharton what he disbursed for the garrison at Mr. Smith's 
upon this Colony's acco^.f 

]Mr. Richard Lord, Mr. John Wadsworth, Mr. Andrew 
Leete, Capt" Moses Mansfeild, Mr. Edward Griswould, L"* 
Tho: Tracy and Jos: Theale were appoynted by this Court 
to put a value upon all the lands in the severaU plantations, 
how they shall be valued in the list of estates, and make re- 
turn of the same to the Court for their approbation and con- 
firmation. 

Stoneington, for one fowerth part of their improved land by 
tillage, moweing and English pasture, to be listed twenty 
shillings p"" acre ; the other three partes at tenn shillings p"" 
acre ; and all other lands perticulerly impropriated by fence 
at one shilling per acre. 

:{: New London, the best of their house lotts at 25s. p"" 
acre, the worser at 20^. pf acre ; the rest of their lands, as 
Stoneington. 

Norwich, the best of their house lotts at 255. p^ acre, the 

• See Mr. Chapman's letter, July 28th, in Col. Boundaries, II. 39. An abstract is given in a 
subsequent part of this volume, in a note to the Journal of the Council of War, under date of 
Aug. 2, 1070. 

t Mr. Richard Wharton, of Boston, at the request of the Connecticut Commissioners, had 
sent provisions for tlie supply of the garrison at Richard Smith's, in the Narragansett Country. 
This was in 1C7.> ; and in June, 1670, he had written to the General Court, urging payment of 
the amount due him. [War, Vol. I. Doc. 91.] 

i Throughout this report, as here published, numerals, and the letters s. and d. have been 
substituted for the words expressing the valuation per acre, of the original record. 



COLONY OF CONNECTICUT. 295 

worser at 205. per acre ; the rest of their lands, as Stoneiiig- 
ton. 

LyiTif, one fowerth part of their lands at 25^. p'' acre, the 
other three parts at 10a\ p"" acre ; and impropriated lands, as 
Stoneington. 

Saybrook house lotts at 20^. p"" acre ; the rest as Stone- 
ington. 

Kellingworth house lotts at 20^. p"" acre ; the rest, as Stone- 
ington. 

Guilford house lotts at 255. p^" acre ; the rest, as Stone- 
ington. 

[77] Brandford house lotts at 25^. p"" acre, the worst at 20s. 
pr acre ; the rest of their land, as Stoneington. 

New Hauen house lotts at 20^. p"" acre; the rest of the 
improved lands, one fowrth part at 16s. p"^ acre, the other 
three parts at 10s. p"" acre ; the rest of the impropriated lands 
as Stoneington. 

Milford house lotts, the best at 25^. per acre, the worst at 
20s. p"" acre ; the rest, fourth part of their impropriated [im- 
proved?] lands at 20s. p"" acre, the other three parts at 12s p^ 
acre ; other perticu.lar impropriated lands at 12d. as Stone- 
ington. 

Stratford house lotts at 25s. p"" acre ; the rest of their im- 
proued lands, one fowerth part at 205. p'' acre, the other three 
parts at 145. p^ acre ; other impropriated lands at 12^. p"" 
acre. 

Fayrefeild house lotts at 255. p"" acre ; the rest of their im- 
proued lands, one fowerth part at 205. p"" acre, the other three 
fowrths at 145. p"" acre ; other impropriated lands, as Stone- 
ington, 12d. p^ acre. 

Norwalke house lotts, the best at 255. p"" acre, the worser 
at 2O5. p"" acre ; the rest of their lands, as Stoneington. 

Standford house lotts at 205. p^ acre ; the rest of their 
lands, as Stoneington. 

Greenwich, their lands as Stoneington. 

Rye, their lands as Stoneington. 

Derby house lotts 205. p'' acre : the rest as Stoneington. 

Woodbury, as Derby. 

Wallingford home lotts at 2O5. p"" acre; the rest of their 
improued lands at IO5. p"" acre ; other impropriated lands, as 
Stoneington. 

Haddum home lotts at 155. p^ acre ; the rest of their impro- 
ved meadow lands, one fowerth part at 305. p"" acre, the other 
three fowerths at 2O5.; other improved uplands for tillage, 
85. p'' acre. 

Midleton home lotts at 355. p"" acre ; improved uplands 



296 PUBLIC RECORDS OF THE 

2O5. p"" acre; one halfe of their meadow at 405. p"" acre, the 
other halfe at 20s. p"" acre. 

Weathersfeild home lotts at 405. p"" acre ; improned up- 
lands at 2ds. pf acre ; meadow, one halfe at 55s. p"" acre, the 
other halfe at 40^. p"" acre. 

Hartford home lotts at 405. p"" acre ; improved uplands 
205. pr acre on the so\vth side, 205. p"" acre on the north side ; 
the meadow, one halfe at 505., the other halfe at 405. p"" acre. 
Windsor home lotts, the best at 255. p^" acre, the ^vorser at 
2O5. \y acre ; improved upland, one third at 205. p"" acre, two 
thu'ds at 155. p"" acre ; one halfe of their meadow at 485. p"" 
acre, the other halfe at 885. p"" acre. 

Farmington home lotts, one halfe at 205. pi" acre, the other 
halfe at 155. p"" acre ; improued vpland, ten shillings p"" acre ; 
meadow, one third at 405. pr acre, two thirds at 205. pr acre. 

Simsbury home lotts att 155. p^ acre ; meadow, one third, 
at 4O5. p"^ acre, two thirds at 205. pi" acre. 
Subscribed p"" 

Edward Griswould, John Wadsworth, 
Richard Lord, Andrew Leete, 

Moses Mansfeild, Thomas Tracey, 
Joseph Theale. 

This Court doe confirme what the Committee hath done 
in sizeing the lands of the severall plantations, and order that 
for the future the lands be prized accordingly in the List of 
Estates. 

This Court considering the enlarged goodness of God to 
his people in this wilderness, in appeareing so gloriously for 
their help in subdueing of o"" enemies in so good a measure 
as he hath done, and his mercy in remoueing sickness from 
the land, in the comfortable and plentifull harvest that wee 
haue receiued, and the continuance of o"" priuiledges and 
liberties, ciuill and ecclesiasticall, hath moued this Court to 
nominate and appoynt the first day of November next, to be 
solemnly kept a day of Publique Thankesgiueing thorowout 
this Colony, to bless and prayse the Lord for his great mercy 
towards vs, with prayer that the Lord would help vs in our 
liues and wayes to walk answerable to his abundant mercyes. 
[78] Whereas in these times of God's awfull dispensations 
towards his wilderness people, this Court haue had solemne 
considerations what might be provoakeing to God among 



COLONY OF CONNECTICUT. 297 

vs, and some solemne reflections haue been recommended to 
the several churches and congregations of this Colony, and 
lawes made to farther the so much desired and necessary 
worke of reformation ; and the Court obserueing little effect 
thereof hitherto, but that although through the mercy of God 
to a poore vndeserving people the evills of judgment are in 
a good measure remoued, yet the evill of abounding sin (the 
sins lamented) doth yet remayne, which may justly provoake 
the eyes of the holy and jealous God to greater indignation 
against vs than euer ; who, tho the late judgments of war 
and sickness be at present taken off and a breathing time, a 
longer time of patience, afoarded vis to consider our wayes 
and return unto the Lord with our whole heart, yet is he 
pleased to hold over vs a threatening hand still, by darke 
cloudes impending farr off and neare ; therefore, this Court 
doe againe recommend it to all and every the elders and min- 
isters of this Colony, to stir up and what they can awaken 
theire severall congregations to the dutys of serious repent- 
ance and rrformation, of such solemne concernment in such 
a day as this ; and that all and euery of vs, from the highest 
to the lowest, be provoaked to promove the same in our 
churches, courts, plantations and famalyes seuerally; to 
which end this Court haue appoynted the third Wednesday 
of November next, to be a day of solemne humiliation throw- 
out this Colony, to seek the presence and blessing of the 
Lord upon his people in the aforesayd worke, and that he 
would appeare for the help and salvation of his people in this 
wilderness and other parts of the world as the matter doth or 
may require. 

Respecting the Indians which have or shall before January 
next surrender themselves to mercy of this Gouerment, it is 
ordered as followeth : 

1. That such of them as cannot be proued murtherers shall 
haue theire Hues and shall not be sould out of the Country 
for slaues. 

2. They shall be well used in seruice with the English 
where the Councill shall dispose of them. 

3. After tenn yeares seruice, all growne persons (viz. when 



298 PUBLIC RECORDS OF THE 

sixteen yeares old) shall, upon certificate from their masters 
of their goodseruice in their tenn yeares seruice, after seruice 
haue their liberty to become sojourners or to dwell in our 
respectiue townes to worke for themselues, they obserueing 
the English fashion and lawes, which shall be as well ob- 
served to them as from them. If the servant cannot obtayn 
a certificate from his master, he may apply himselfe to the 
authority, who shall heare his case, and grant liberty as they 
see cause. 

The time prefixed aboue for liberty to com in may be in- 
larged by the Councill if they see cause, but not shortened. 

All that are under sixteen yeares of age are to serue untill 
they be twenty six yeares of age. 

It is farther ordered that the diuission of persons be made 
proportionably to evry County, the quallity of persons allso 
to be considered, to be as equall as may be, and then to be 
diuided by the committee men to the severall towns in like 
proportion. One man of each County is appoynted to see 
the distribution made when the Councill shall giue notice, 
who are, Mr. Bankes for Fayrefeild county, Capt" Mansfeild 
for New Haven, Mr. Lord for Hartford, Mr. Chapman for 
N. London, to be diuided betwixt the countys; then are 
they, when they are thus diuided, unto each town in the 
countyes respectiuely according to proportion, and the com- 
mittee men shall with advice of the Magistrates sell them 
vnto such as they thinke most meete to eudicate and well 
nurture them, at such price as they judg equall ; each Assist- 
ant to haue one for themselues freely, for theire paynes, as 
allso each committee man one. 

It is ordered by this Court that those that haue lost their 
gunns in the country service, such persons shall address them- 
selues to the Commissary, who is ordered to deliuer unto 
them out of the country gunns in the Treasurer's hand in 
stead of those that are lost, and are not to be otherwise payd 
for unless such as haue bought allready for themselues and 
are or shall be alowed by autliority. 

All such horses, sadles, bridles, gunns &c. that are any 
where found and taken up in the Colony and were lost in 



COLONY OF CONNECTICUT. 299 

the war, are to be carefully kept by the constable and sold 
by those that signe the bills in each towne respectiuely, for 
the country's vse. 

[79] It is ordered by this Court that whosoeuer shall bring 
in or take up any horss or mare aboue a yeare old, he or they 
shall first make their claim appeare to the sattisfaction of two 
of the townesmen of that towne whereinto they are brought, 
before they be marked or branded, upon the penalty of fine 
pownds for every such defect; but if they make not out an 
evidence to sattisfaction as aforesayd, then such horse or 
mare is to be marked for the country or sold by the constable 
upon that acco* ; just charges to be payd out of the horss. 

The inhabitants of Woodbury haueing been much down 
at Stratford with their stocks this summer, and some are 
likely to winter there, all such persons and stocks that shall 
so winter at Stratford are to pay rates in proportion as the 
rest there, but the others shall pay but a fowerth part of those 
exterordinary rates to the country ; which easment is as much 
priuiledg to them as other townes usualy had at their be- 
ginings. 

There is an adition to be made to Stratford list, of those 
persons and estates that are at Stratford and shall winter 
there, which are not entered in the sayd list ; the list-makers 
are to take an acco* of the same according to Court order, 
and to send up an acco' thereof to the Secretary as soone as 
may be. 

The Court is adjourned till the Gou"" sees cause to call 
them againe. 



At a Court of Election held at Hartford, May 10: 

1677. 

Tliese were nominated for election : — Wm. Leete Esq"", 
Major Robt Treat Esqr, Mr. Samii Willys, Major Nath: 
Gold, Major John Tallcott, Mr. Henry Woolcott, Capt" John 
Allyn, Mr. Wm. Joanes, Mr. James Richards, Mr. Alex: Bry- 
ant, Mr. James Bishop, Capt" John Nash, Capt: Tho: Top- 
ping, Major Edw: Palmes, Capt^ Benj: Newbery, Mr. Sam^^ 



300 



PUBLIC RECORDS OF THE 



Sherman, Capt^ Wm. Curtice, Mr. Math: Gilbert, Mr. Sam'i 
Tallcott, Mr. John Wadsworth, Mr. John Willford, Mr. Tho: 
Fitch, Captn Robt Chapman. 

These were elected: 

Wm. Leete Esq"", Gouerno"". 
Major Robt Treat, DEpt Gou^ 

Assistants. 

Mr. Samii Willys, Mr. James Richards, 

Major Nathan Gold, Mr. Alex: Bryant, 

Major John Tallcott, & Treas. Mr. James Bishop, 

Mr. Henry Woolcott, Capt" John Nash, 

Capt" John Allyn,& >Secre/ar7/, Capt" Tho: Topping, 

Mr. Wm. Joanes, ^L^ Math: Gilbert. 

The Deputies of the Court are : 
For Hartford ; Mr. Wm. Pitkin, Mr. Jonath: Gilbert. 
For Windsor ; Deac: John Moore, Mr. Jno Loomys. 
For Wethersfeild ; Mr. Samii Tallcott, Capt" Jno Chester. 
For Farmington ; Deacon Tho: Judd, Ens: Sam^^ Steele. 
For Midleton; Ens: Nath: White, Sarjt Wm. Cheeny. 
For Haddum ; Ens: Jarad Spencer, George Gates. 
For Wallingford ; Mr. Jn" Moss. 
For Greenwich ; Mr. John Bankes, Mr. Wm. Pitkin. 
For N. Haven ; Capt" Tho: Munson, Capt" Moses Mansfeild. 
For Millford; Capt" Wm. Fowler, L"' SamU Files. 
For Guilford; Mr. Andr: Leete, Mr. Wm. Leete. 
For Fayrefeild ; Mr. John Bankes, Mr. John Wheeler. 
For Kenilworth ; Mr. Edw: Griswold, L"' Henry Crane. 
For Standford ; L"* Jonath: Bell, Abram Ambler. 
For Saybrooke; Capt" Rob: Chapman, L"t Wm. Pratt. 
For Norwalke;- John Bowton, Daniel Kellog. 
For New London ; Mr. Dan" Wetherell, Capt. James Avery. 
For Stoncington ; Mr. Tho: Minor, Mr. Amos Richeson. 
For Norwich; L''i Tho: Tracey, L"' Tho: Leffingwell. 
For Stratford ; Capt" Wm. Curtice, Mr. Jos: Hawley. 
For Brandford ; Mr. .John Willford, Mr. Tho: Harrison. 
For Rye ; John Brundige. 
For Lyme ; Mr. Math: Griswold, Mr. Wm. Measure. 



COLONY OF CONNECTICUT. 301 

Captn John Allyn and Mr. James Richards were chosen 
Commissioners for the Vnited Colonys this yeare ensueing 
and Major Tallcott a reserve. 

Vpon the motion of the inhabitants of Derby that they 
may be permitted to rayse theire rates for the maintenance of 
the ministry and defraying towne charges, vpon land, this 
Court haueing seriously considered the same and findeing 
that if this towne be constrained to comply with the generall 
provission of the law about rayseing rates, sundry persons 
whoe haue taken up lands doe onely mayntayn theire title 
to theire lands and make little improuement of the same, 
yet doe shunn the afoardeing that help they ought towards 
the mayntenance of the ministry and publique charge of the 
towne, doe see good reason to take due care that the minis- 
[80] try be comfortably prouided for, and in order || therevnto 
doe order that for the three next yeare the people of Derby 
shall rays theire rates for the ministry and towne vpon land, 
viz. upon all such lands as are or shall be layd out within 
this time ; and for the three next yeares the sayd Derby shall 
[rai/se] their rates, the one halfe of it upon land, and the other 
halfe upon persons and estates. This to stand, any law or 
custom to the contrary notwithstanding.* 

Vpon the petition of the people of Derby and for theire 
incouragement. This Court doe see cause to grant to the s'^ 
people the benifitt of the fishing trade to be to all and every 
of the inhabitants of Derby till the Court shall order other- 
wise, and doe prohibitt all others without thek leaue fishing 
within the bownds of theire township. 

The committee appoynted to order the setlement of the 
lands at Derby exhibited a return under their hands to this 
Court of what they had done, which by this Court is appro- 
ved ; onely the time allowed Mr. Hawley and Tomlinson to 
setle upon theire lands is by this Court judged too short, and 
in case of faylure, the towne's disposein of it without sattis- 
fying what hath been disburst vpon it, not regular ; and 
therefore doe not confirm that part of the order, but desire 
Mr. Hawley and Mr. Tomlinson to be as speedy as they 

* See copy of vote passed in a town meeting, at Derby, Feb. 1674-5, in T. & Lands, L 168. 

26 



302 PUBLIC RECORDS OF THE 

may in setleing suitable inhabitants upon their land there 
setled upon them by the committee, and what lands haue 
been purchased for the sayd town of Derby of the Indians, 
the town of Derby is aduised to make the purchassers just 
sattisfaction as speedily as may be. 

The return of the committee is as followeth ; — 

Derby, the 28th of February, 1676. 

At a meeting of the Committee appoynted by the Generall 
Court May, 1675, to state a place for a ferry and a high way 
from it to Woodbury, and for the distribution of lands in set- 
lement of the place &c. 

And first concerning the ferry, they order and appoynt it 
to be at the lower end of the old Indian feild, and that litle 
Deice of land between the rocks and the gully or creeke to be 
for a place to build any house or houses upon, and yardes 
for secureing of goods or cattell that may be brought to the 
ferry from Woodbury, Mattatuck &c. 

Allso for the incouragement of a ferryman, they appoynt 
eight acres of land out of the sayd old field, next adjoyneing 
to the afoarsayd little peice of land, begining at the sayd 
gully or creek to be layd out from the high way by the riuer 
to the hill, of a like bredth in front and reare, and upon the 
hill fowerteen acres of land adjoyneing to the afoarsayd rocks 
and land on the sowth east of it, with an high way to the 
ferry from the highway that goeth from Joseph Hawkins ; 
and allso six acres of swamp or low land upon that hill 
against the sayd old feild as neer and as convenient as may 
be for the making of meadow ; and allso a proportion with 
others of tilable land upon the hills in any common feild that 
shall be fenced in for the inhabitants that dwell aboue the 
ferry upon that Neck ; and allso comonage with other inhab- 
itants proportionably. Allso they doe appoynt a highway of 
foure rod wide from the s^ ferry by the riuer side upward 
towards Woodbury, vnto the upper end of the afoars'* old 
feild, and then up to the Hallow at the vpper end of the sayd 
feild unto the highway that is now vsed towards Woodbury, 
and allso that the highway from Joseph Hawkins' house to 
Mr. Hawl(!y's lye where or very neere where it now doth. 

Livetenant Joseph Judson declared that if the inhabitants 
of Derby would put in a ferry man in convenient time, they 
were content, or els upon notice giuen they of Woodbury 
would put in one whome the town of Derby should approue 
for an inhabitant, and that without any charge to Derby or 
the Country. 



COLONY OF CONNECTICUT. 



303 



And for the distribution of lands and setlement for the far- 
thering the plantation at Derby, they haue veiwed the lands 
and considered the state of things there, and findeing some 
difficulties and inconveniences, there haueing been severall 
tracts of land purchased by seuerall persons at seuerall times, 
both of English and Indians, and after consideration for the 
[81] best good of the place, with their best judgment, order as 
foUoweth ; first, for the lands on the Great Neck, Mr. Hawly 
haueing built a house upon one purchase which himselfe 
with Jonas Tomlinson had from the Indians,* they doe ap- 
poynt unto the sayd Mr. Hawly and Jonas Tomlinson all 
that land both aboue and below the sayd house w^h they 
haue fenced and improued, and allso all the rest of the im- 
proueable lands for tillage or orchyards, below the hills, with- 
in that purchass to the riuer; and allso any lowe and swampy 
land, to make meadow, which is within that sayd purchass ; 
and that the sayd Mr. Hawley and Jonas Tomfinson,the one 
haueing built a house and the other haueing begun to build, 
doe finish each of them a dwelling house, and both of them 
dwell upon it and become inhabitants there, or setle each of 
them an inhabitant approved by the towne, within one yeare 
next ensueing, or els the town of Derby or such as the Court 
shall appoynt shall haue power to disspose of the sayd lands 
and homesteads to such as will come and setle inhabitants 
with them, and they diuide their proportions as theyf or may 
agree : secondly, for the rest of the lands below the sayd 
Hawley's, between the river and the hill (to witt, that playn 
where the old fort stood, and the adjoyneing land and the old 
feild, as low as the ferry land,) be diuided vnto at least six or 
seven inhabitants, and they to haue home lotts at the upper 
end towards Mr. Hawley's, and each of them fower acres to 
his homelott, and to be at as little disstance each from other 
as the place will beare, and the rest of the s^ playne and old 
feild to be equally deuided among those six or seven, and that 
the low moyst or swampy grownd upon the hills be layd out 
to the sayd six or seven in proportion, to make meadow, after 

• Aug. 17th, 1668, Joseph Hawley and Henry Tomlingon, both of Stratford, purchased from 
the Indiiin proprietors, "all that tract of land lyeing upon the Great Neck neere unto Pawgas- 
sett, bounded by the great J{iver on the southwest, north northeast by a small river and the 
south end of the great Hill, south and south east by ninrked trees," » * • "the said lanri 
reaching above one mile towards Nawcotock River into the midle of the Neck;" for the con- 
sideration of £0. 10j(. The deed was given by " Puckwomp, by virtue of a full and absolute 
power and order unto [him] given and entrusted by [his] brother Creahore now living at Hart- 
ford," (whose son Nanatouse was sent to join in the conveyance.) It is signed by Nannatouse, 
Puckwhompe, Ahenosse Sagamore, Poquanott, Chenamash, Chesousumoke Sagamore, & Mach- 
etunihege. [Col. Rec. Lands, I. 291.] 

t So in the record. A word omitted. 



304 PUBLIC RECORDS OF THE 

the six acres for the ferry is layd out as afoarsayd; and allso 
any land that is fitt for tillage upon the hills (within the pur- 
chass from Mr. Bryant,) shall be diuided among the seven or 
more inhabitants, and allso any farther feild or feilds that the 
afoarsayd seven or more inhabitants together with the ferry 
man shall haue need of and desire to take in and improue 
upon the hills aboue Mr. Hawley's house vntill each of them 
haue his quantyty of fifty acres beside swampland for mead- 
ow, leaueing liberty to thetowne to ad to a man of more then 
ordinary use among them, twenty acres, or within that quan- 
tyty as they shall see cause. And then the rest of the lands 
within that neck to ly in common, vntill the town or such as 
the Court shall appoynt, see cause farther to dispose for in- 
couragements of inhabitants there. 

Thirdly, that Plumme Meadow and the adjacent land, 
which adjacent land is by estimation about t».venty acres, 
lyeing on the east side the riuer that cometh from Nawga- 
tuck, be diuided to accomadate at least two inhabitants. 

John Nash, Will: Curtice, 
Tho: Munson. 

Daniel Harris is by this Court approued and confirmed to 
be Captain of Midleton Traine-band, and Nath: White, Leiv- 
tenant, and Wm. Cheeny, Ensigne of the sayd company, and 
Samuel Stockin, Sarj*. 

Robert Foot is by this Court approved and confirmed 
Leivtenant, and Thomas Harris, Ensigne of Brandford 
Traine-band. 

This Court haue made choyse of those whoe were last 
yeare Commissioners, to be Comi's again this ensueing yeare, 
and doe add Mr. John Birchwood, for Norwich. 

Mr. Witherell is appoynted to administer the oath to Mr. 
Birchwood, and Mr. Minor to administer the oath to Mr. 
Stanton, and Capt" Curtice to administer the oath to the 
Commissioners of Fayrefeild County ; IVIr. Wliite to admin- 
ister the oath to Mr. Hamlin. 

This Court grants the Widow Coale an 'abatement of her 
country rate the yeare past upon acco*. 

This Court upon good reason moueing them thereunto, doe 
remitt theire part of the Irish charaty to the distressed per- 
sons in the Massachusets Colony and Plimoth Colony.* 



• See Journal of Council of War, under date of Jan. 2, 1G76-7 ; Letter from Massachusetts, 



COLONY OF CONNECTICUT. 305 

Vpon the application of the inhabitants of Wallingford to 
this Court, by their recorder,* and theire declaration of their 
first way of granting lands and agreement of rayseing rates 
for the mayntenance of the ministry and discharging towne 
rates, viz. upon lands, untill such time as the inhabitants the 
major part of the towne shall see cause to alter that way of 
rateing,alledging that if that way of rateing be altered it will 
be very prejudiciall to them, this Court considering the prem- 
ises doe see good reason to grant liberty to the sayd towne of 
Wallingford to rayse theire rates for the ministry and defray- 
ing towne charges, upon lands, untill the major part of the 
[82] inhabitants by their vote shall see || cause to alter ; and 
this to stand any law to the contrary notw^^standing. 

[May] 12. This Court grants the Widow Marshall or Mr. 
Cutts his agent liberty to transport twenty pownds worth of 
leather, for the answering of a debt due from the sayd Wid- 
dow to Mr. Cutts his estate. 

This Court by reason of the late troubles of the warr and 
the incumbrances thereof, doe see good reason to grant liberty 
of one yeare more from the first of June next for creditors to 
makeup their acco*® with their debtors, any former law to the 
contrary notwithstanding. 

This Court findeing by experience that it is prjudiciall to 
creditors to be forced to goe sue their debtors to the remoate 
countys, it is now ordered by this Court that every creditor 
shall haue free liberty to sue his debtor or debtors at the same 
County Court which shall be in the county in which the 
creditor lives. 

Mr. John Chester is approued and confirmed Captain of 
Wethersfeild Traine Band. Mr. Sam^i Tallcott is approued 
and confirmed Leivtenant of Wethersfeild Traine Band, and 
Hugh Wells is confirmed Ensigne of the sayd Traine Band. 

Jan. 4th, [War, 1.117 ;] Letter from Conn, to Mags., May 10th, 1677, [lb. 123.] See also, two 
communications to the N. Eng. Hist. & Gen. Register, Vol. II. pp. 245, 398, by Charles Deane, 
Esq. — containing the letter from the Irish contributors to the Governor and Magistrates of Mas- 
sachusetts, with suggestions for the distribution of "this present reliefe sent to the distressed 
persons in New England ;" and the orders of the General Courts of Massachusetts and Plymouth 
for distributing to the several towns, " the contribution made by divers Christians in Ireland for 
the relief of such as are impoverished, destressed and in necessitie by the late Indian Warr." 
• This petition is in T.& Lands, Vol. I. Doc, 170 ; dated 9 '', Simo: 1677. 

26* 



806 PUBLIC RECORDS OF THE 

May 14. Freemen propownded; Ebenezer Johnson, of 
Derby ; Mr. John Babcock, of Stoningtoii ; Joseph Hand, of 
Gnilford. 

John Steele, Tho: Tompson, John Norton, Sam" Lewes, 
Phillip Jud, ^L•. Beltcher, Jonath: Bull, Wm. Burnam, Sam'i 
Olmsteed, AVm. Waller, John Goodrich, Nath: Stone, Sam" 
Hall, Tho: Scranton, Thomas Stone, Simon Smith ; these 
haueing stood nominated, are accepted as freemen of the 
Colony. 

This Court orders that what of Wallingford country rates 
shall by the Treasurer be ordered to be payd at New Haven 
or on board any vessell there, there shall be allowed twenty 
pence vpon the pownd for the same. 

Captn Denison was allowed fifty shillings for his services 
as Provost Marshall, by the Gouerno"^ and Assistants. 

Mr. Tho: Gold's forfeiture of his bond for not appeareing 
at the Court of Assists is remitted by this Court. 

In answer to Mr. Jos: Fitch his petition,* this Court, haue 
appoynted Deacon Moore, Mr. Steele and Mr. Grant to lay 
out the line between the sayd Mr. Fitch and Tho: Burnam 
their vpland at Podunck, and to doe it according to their 
best judgment is agreeable to the deed of sale made to Mr. 
Fitch by the Country. If in case Mr. Grant canot attend it, 
then his son SamueU is to supply his place. 

This Court doe appoynt Major John Tallcott, Capt" John 
AUyn and Capfn Tho: Bull to be a Committee to decide and 
set out what of those planting lands at Podunck shall belong 
to Aramamet his heires, and what shall belong to the other 
Indians. 

George Phillips for his accuseing of the County Court of 
Hartford for opression and opposeing a poore aged cripple, 
continueing of their oppression, for unparalelled oppression, 
chargeing them with unmercifullness, presumeing to declare 
them guilty before God, &c., vrging the oppression to be so 
heavy as would sink a Christian State, &c., the Court for his 

*T. & Lands, L 17L Mr. Fitch had purchased from the Colony, Dec. 8th, ]662, certain 
lands at Podunk, in the bounds of Windsor. He had become involved in law suits with adjoin- 
ing proprietors, and asks the Court that bis lands may be laid out and their bounds established 
according to his deed from the Colony. 



COLONY OF CONNECTICUT. 307 

misdemeanor therein doe sentance him to pay a fine of five 
pownds to the pub: treasurie, and doe disfranchise him.* 

This Court approued of the letter drawn up to the Massa- 
chusets and ordered the same to be signed by the Secretary, 
and to send it accordingly.! 

This Court order that the Deputies of Farmington return 
the thankes of this Court to the Reverend Mr. Hooker for his 
great paynes in preaching the election sermon before this 
Court, and to desire him to grant the coppy of his sermon 
that it may be printed. And the Treasurer is appoynted to 
procure it printed and to defray the charge thereof out of the 
pub: Treasurie ; and to distribute the bookes by proportion 
in the seuerall countyes, by advice of the Gouerno'' or Assist- 
ants here. 

15. Whereas in a former order respecting wounded soul- 
diers, it is sayd that onely dyat and halfe pay shall be allowed 
unto such untill they be cured, it is now granted that such 
wounded souldiers shall be allowed the other halfe of their 
pay out of the next yeare's rates, for all their time from theire 
being wounded till the first of June, 1676, provided they were 
not cured before ; but if soe, then it is to be onely till they 
were cured. 

As an adition to the law title Schooles, it is ordained that 
every town by the said law ordered to keep a schoole that 
shall neglect the same aboue three months in the yeare, shall 
forfeit fiue pownds for every defect, which sayd fine shall 

* What grounds of offence the Hartford County Court had given George Phillips, does not ap- 
pear from their records. A paper in Vol. 1. of ' Crimes & Misdemeanors,' (Doc. 72,) exhibits 
the several charges brought against him, to the Geneial Court, upon which he was sentenced as 
above. The form of the presentment is somewhat curious : — " George Phillipps Answerable ; 
1st, for accuseing the County Court of Hartford for opression. 2d, for oppressing a poore and 
aged crepple, (which persons are espetially forbidden to be oppressed.) 3d, for continuance of 
that opression. 4th, for turning a deaf eare to all supplications for releif. 5th, for vnparralelled 
opression. 6th, for implicite chargeing them with unmercifullness. 7th, hee proceedeth to 
assume to declare them guilty before God in heaven, on the premises. 8th, that execution 
from Heaven must accordingly bee done on our authority, which is to usurp God's prerogative 
who is the alone supream judge and sentencer. 9th, hee urgeththe opression to bee so heavy 
as will sink a whole Christian State, which must import most obstinate opression. 10th, a kind 
of blasphemous patroneizing his foresaid impudence on the Holy Spirit of God as if hee were 
author of it," &c. &c. 

t Copy, in War Papers, I. 123. Printed with the Journal of the Council, in a subsequent 
part of this volume. 



308 PUBLIC RECORDS OF THE 

[83] be payd towards the mayntenance of the Lattin schoole 
in their county. All breaches of this order to be taken notice 
of and presented by the grand jury at euery County Court. 

Whereas it is fownd to be very prejudiciall to the pub: 
weale to transport out of this Colony the skinns of bucks 
and dowes, which are so seruiceable and vsefull for cloath- 
ing, it is now ordered by this Court that after the publication 
hereof, whosoever shall ship on board any vessell greater or 
lesser, for transportation, or otherwise shall transport any such 
skinns out of this Colony, he shall forfeit the skinns so shipped 
or the full value of them, the one halfe to the complayner 
and the other halfe to the county Treasury; except they be 
shipped to be transported to another place in this Colony, 
and in such case before they ship them they shall giue suffi- 
cient bond to the townsmen where they are shipt to the full 
value of the skins so to be shipped, that they will deliuer 
them to such place in the Colony as they pretend too, and 
will not transport them thence. 

In answer to the petition of the Deputies of Stoneington, 
This Court findeing that the List of Stoneington was in the 
last year miscast three hundred and twenty one pownd, doe 
order that by the Treasurer the three hundred twenty one 
pownd which was miscast be remitted to them, when he 
makes up their acco' with the Constable.* 

In answer to the petition of Greenwich, this Court doe 
order them a heareing, at the Court in October next, of what 
they complayne of.f 

This Court for the prevention of those Indians runing 
away that are disposed in service by the Authority, that are 
of the enemie and haue submitted to mercy, such Indians if 
they be taken it shall be in the power of his master to diss- 
pose of him as a captive, by transportation out of the coun- 
try. And if any Indian shall take up any such servant runn 
away, he bringing of him to the next authority shall haue 

•The petition of the Stonington Deputies is in Finance, Vol. I. Doc. 1. 

•f The original petition is in T. t Lands, I. 107. The petitioners ask for a reconsideration 
by the Court, of the order establishing the line between (Greenwich and Stamford, and a further 
hearing of the case, •' not doubting to make it evident to the satisfaction of the Court, that we 
are eminently wronged by tlie said act," &.c. 



COLONY OF CONNECTICUT. 



309 



two yardes of cloath for the same ; and if any Indian or 
Indians shall hide any such run away seruant he or they 
shall be lyable to pay forty shillings for every such offence or 
suffer one moneth's imprisonment. 

This Court by their vote granted Robin Cassacinamon 
liberty to receiue a parcell of wampom left in the hands of 
Mr. Tho: Stanton, which Ninicroft gaue them, they still be- 
ing of the same minde that Robin should haue it, and Mr. 
Stanton is to deliuer it to him forthwith. 

Whereas there is too frequent a practice amongst vs for 
men to leaue their cattell and horses on purposs in mead- 
owes and feilds and other inclosures, whereby they doe 
greate prejudice to their neighbours the owners of the sayd 
feild, for prevention thereof it is ordered by the Court that 
whosoeuer shall leaue his cattell in any meadow or feild that 
is not broken up for free comonage, the owner of euery such 
beast shall pay for the powndage of such beast two shillings 
a head ; — and if any horss, cattell or swine be frequently tres- 
passing upon their neighboures after the owners of them haue 
notice of it and doe not use sufficient means to prevent it, 
they likewise shall pay twelve pence a head for every beast 
or swine of theirs [that] shall be impownded after such 
warning. 

This Court doe not see cause to grant Sasco James his 
request for the release of Alinchauks. 

This Court grant Marshall Georg Graue fifteen pownds 
for his seruice as Marshall the ensuing yeare. 

This Court upon the motion of the inhabitants of Sims- 
bury, doe grant that the people of Simsbury shall haue lib- 
erty to rayse their rates for the ministry and towne charges 
onely upon lands for the three next yeares ensueing this date, 
any law to the contrary notwithstanding ;* and in regard of 
the great loss that that town hath received in the late warr, 
the Court haue seen cause to remitt to the inhabitants of 
Simsbury that make there constant abode there, their country 
rates for the three next yeares ensueing, both for persons, 
land and cattell ; but those that doe not so inhabit there, 

* The Simsbury petition is in T. & Lands, Vol. I. Doc. 169. 



310 



PUBLIC RECORDS OF THE 



there lands onely are freed from country rates, their cattell 
to be listed and returned according to order. 

The Court hath granted Wegucksesuck, being sencible of 
the loss of his son, a coate ; and doe grant Mamohoe, a squa 
among the surrenderers at Mohegin, if she be not otherwise 
dissposed all ready, she being his cousin. 

This Court doe remitt to Capt" Denison and IVIr. John 
Stanton the fines imposed upon them by this Court formerly.* 

This Court doe grant and giue power to Mrs. Susanna 
Webster, executrix to the last will of Leivtenant Rob* 
Webster late of Hartford deceased, to make a disspose of 
such and so much of the land of the sayd Webster as shall 
be necessary to be dissposed of for the defraying of his just 
debts, and to giue deeds for the same, which shall be good 
in law ; and doe aduise her to take the aduice of the over- 
seers appoynted in the sayd L"' Webster's will, and of Ens: 
Nath: Standly and Marshall Graues about the same. 

This Court doth impower the relict of Mr. John Rossiter, 
and allso the relict of John Sheather of Kellingworth, to 
grant deeds and assureances for such lands as their respect- 

*See page 259, ante. At this session of the Court, Capt. Denison presented the following 
petition : (War, Vol. I. Doc. 125.) 

"To tlie Honored Generall Court now sitting in Hartford, the humble request of George Den- 
ison hii!iil)ly sheweth : — 

That whereas about two years since there was a fine imposed upon me by your authority, the 
which is at your pleasure ether to remit or require, as you see cause : since which time it hath 
pleased allmighty God in his divine providence, by these vnhappy wars, to put an opertunity 
into my hand, by your authority and commition, to giue testimony of my fidellitye and readyness 
to serue the Country ; wlierein 1 haue readiely ventured both life and estate for the publick 
interest, (not a litle to the damage of my weake estate,) yet nothing so grevious or dificult but I 
have bin willing to vndergoe and vndertake, wherby I might serue God and the interest of his 
people ; espelially being countenanced by your authority and incoraged by the preseruing and 
sucseeding presence and good hand of the Lord of hosts with vs in our weake indevores to the 
terror and scattering of the enemy ; to his glory be it ever spoken, and kept in memory to his 
praise. Now may it please you so far to take notis of me, in my weake but faithfuU indevores 
to serue you, as to remit the aforesaid fine imposed vpon me: and also to giue me those three 
Indians which Capt. Mason left wilh me, and haue since bin confirmed vnto me by the Coun- 
BcU at Hartford, to wit. one anchant squa with her husband and her child of about fiue yeare 
ould,— the which is all that 1 haue of the elTects of the war, ether prisoners, plunder or incom- 
ers. Whereby you will yet further oblidge him vnto your service who is. Gentlemen, Yours to 
nerue in what lie may, to his power, Gborok Dbnison. 

Hartford, May the 17lh, 1G77." 



COLONY OF CONNECTICUT. 31L 

iue husbands haue made sale of in their life time and not 
granted assurance for the same.* 

[84] This Court order that when the return of the commit- 
tee, viz. Mr. Mathew Griswold and L"* Thomas Minor, be 
returned to the Secretary, of the laying out of Mr. Simon 
Lynd's grant, which is now confirmed to him, and may be 
recorded to him by the Secretary.! 

Mr. Pitkin is by this Court chosen Treasurer for the year 
ensueing (Major Tallcott refuseing to accept of the place,) 
and is allowed thirty pownd sallary for this yeare. 

18. The printer being yet unpayd for part of the law 
bookes, as he alledgeth, this Court being willing to issue 
with him, doe order the Treasurer to pay vnto the printer 
for fower hundred bookes which are yet unpayd for, to be 
payd as soone as he can ; and the Treasurer is hereby or- 
dered to call the Constables to acco' of what they haue 
payd for bookes, and for the remayndure of it; and allso 
Mrs. Raymond, Mr. Hudson and John Burr are, by the 
Treasurer's call, to giue acco* of what they haue payd and 
receiued upon the fore mentioned acco*, and the Treasurer 
to receiue the pay of them for the country acco*^ and to pros- 
ecute such as are defectiue, according to former order. 

John Bissell is by this Court confirmed Quarter Master of 
the Country Troope of the county of Hartford. 

The Indian surrenderer at p^sent w^'i John Burrett is by 
this Court appoynted to be dissposed of for the benifit of the 
country, by Major Treate and Major Gold, as may be most 
righteous and just. 

Whereas there is a house and home lott belonging to some 
of the children of Thomas Lord deceased, that is out of re- 
payre, and one of them children being of age to receiue her 
portion, desireing to receiue the same, it being judged best to 

*See petition of Susanna Shellier, and testimonies, in Priv. Controv. I. 149-151. 

f 500 acres, formerly granted by Massachusetts to Capt. Daniel Gookin or his assigns, laid out 
to Mr. Lynde, 28th April, 1G75, " beginning at Pawcatuck Poynt, the Marsh Hummock & Beach 
home to the upland, laid out for 37 acres more or less, and running from the south beach next 
the sea northerly cross the neck to Paquatuck River," bounded west on P. River and cove, 590 
rods, and extending one mile and a half, east by north from Watch Hill. Recorded in Col. Rec. 
of Lands, I. 442. 



312 PUBLIC RECORDS OF THE 

make sale of the same, and most advantagious for the benifit 
of the gd children, This Court doe grant liberty to the guar- 
dian of the youngest child to joyne w^^ the oiher of age, to 
make sale of the s^ house and land in Hartford, and they are 
impowered hereunto by this Court. 

Whereas in the law title Schooles it is ordered that euery 
County Towne shall keep and mayntaine a Lattin Schoole 
in the s'^ towne, which is not fully attended in some places, to 
moue, excite and stir up to the attendance of so wholsome 
an order, it is ordered by this Court that if any County 
Towne shall neglect to keep a Lattin Schoole according to 
order, there shall be payd a fine of tenn pownds by the sayd 
County Towne to the next town in theire county that will 
engage and keep a Lattin Schooll in it, and so tenn pownds 
annually till thay shall com up to the attendance of this or- 
der. The Grand Jury to make pfsentment of the breach of 
this order to the County Court, of all such breaches as they 
shall find after September next. 

It is allso ordered by this Court where schooles are to be 
kept in any towne, whither it be County Towne or other, 
what shall be necessary to the mayntayning the charge of 
such schooles it shall be raysed upon the inhabitants byway 
of rate, except any town shall agree upon som other way to 
rayse the mayntenance of him they shall imploy in the afoar- 
sayd worke, any order to the contrary notwithstanding. 

This Court doe grant Ninicroft's daughter and the Narra- 
gansetts vnder her to plant in Shannuck this yeare, prouided. 
they doe not prejudice those allready granted liberty to plant 
there. 

This Court grants Deacon Tho: Judd liberty to take up 
his grant of two hundred acres of land in more places than 
one prouided he take it not up in aboue fower places. 

Whereas there is corn gathered by the Constables in the 
seuerall plantations to discharge their rates, by order of the 
Treasurer, which is refnsed to be accepted by those creditors 
to whome it is assigned, because it is not gathered in specie 
proportionable according to Court order, this Court appoynts 
the Treasurer to take care that such as signify theire non- 



COLONY OF CONNECTICUT. 313 

acceptance of the corn gathered as afoarsayd, that it doe not 
suffer, but be dissposed of to the Country's vse, to pay their 
other debts. 

This Court being informed to their sattisfaction of the ne- 
cessity of the selling of the land of John Rockwell, late of 
Rye, to pay his just debts and for the supply of his wife and 
children, doe impower the relict of sayd Rockwell and Daniel 
Weed to make sale of the sayd Rockwell's land, and to grant 
assureance of the same. 

19. This Court doe order that the letter drawn up and read 
in Court be subscribed by the Secretary, and sent to the 
Gouerno'' of Rhod Island and Gen'i Court there.* 

Scantemaug of Wyantenuck haueing made complaynt of 
Henry Tomlins buying of land of theires in a private way, 
to their prejudice &c. the Court refers the hearing and issue 
of this case to the County Court of Fayrefield.f 
[85] Whereas it is found that the Marshall and Constables 
in seruing of executions, have many times tendered to them, 
and sometimes can find no other estate of debtor or delin- 
quents than such as is not deuideable in itself, whereby the 
overpluss of the apprizment is not returnable to the debtor 
or delinquent out of the thing apprized, for releife and direc- 
tion in such cases, this Court doe order, that in such cases 
where the estate apprized doth by apprizement amount to 
more than the creditor's due, with the charges, and the cred- 
itor and debtor doe not agree about the sattisfying the over- 
pluss, that the estate remayn six dayes in the officer's hand 
at the charge of the debtor or delinquent, and it shall be in 
the liberty of the debtor or delinquent to sell the same to his 
best advantage in that time to sattisfy the specie due ac- 
cording to the execution, and therewith to sattisfy the credit- 

• A copy 18 in Col. Boundaries I. 112. It was in reply to a letter from Rhode Island com- 
plaining of the seizure and detention, by authority of Connecticut, of Thomas Gould, James Re- 
nolds and Henry Tibbots, " upon default of intrusion and disobedience to authority" in the Nar- 
ragansett country. 

t Deeds to Henry Tomlinson, of an island in, and of lands on either side of Oantenock 
River, — extending more than seven miles in length, and six in breadth, — were given in April 
and July, 1671, by Pocono, Ringgo, Quoconecoe and Whimta, — and by Perainos and Cawka- 
potous, — the professed Indian proprietors. These deeds are recorded in Col. Rec. of Lands > 
1.421. 

27 



314 PUBLIC RECORDS OF THE , 

or's and officer's just due; in failure whereof the officer to 
whome the execution is directed shall at or after that time 
sell it by out cry for the speciae due or a speciaB diuideable, 
which s^ speciae shall be apprized and deliuered acording to 
the execution. 

This Court doth let to Nath: Bissell the ferry over the 
great River at Windsor for seven yeares from this date, he 
onely haueing liberty to transport travelors in that towne ; 
he allwayes to keep a boat and men ready to attend the ser- 
vice, and to take for his paynes sixpence a horss and man in 
siluer p^sently payd, or in other pay eight pence a horss and 
man. 

The return of the Committee appoynted to lay out Her- 
mon Garrad's land, as folio weth : — 

Wee whose names are underwritten being appoynted by 
the Generall Court in October, '7G, to measure the bounds of 
Hermon Garrad's land lyeing on the east of Stoneington 
bounds, first, we begun to run the line at the west side of 
Wequatucksett brooke, a little eastward from the old forte, 
and so ran east north east one mile to a pond called Pahcu- 
pog, and from thence one mile and a halfe north to a hill 
called Masshattaneeseck, and from thence two miles and a 
halfe north northeast to Shannuck Riuer, the place called 
Paychaiossuck where we marked a tree w'^ fine notches on 
the sowth of the riuer, and there was yet one mile more to 
measure, but the River being full that we could not pass over 
and forced to leave the worke. 

November, '76. Thomas Tracey, 

Thomas Leffingwell. 

Whereas sundry volunteers haue gon forth without com- 
mission and brought in sundry captiues that haue been of 
the enemie in open hostility against vs, this Court doth de- 
clare they arc theire lawfuU prize, and shall remayn servants 
in the places where they are disposed. 

Whereas Vncass and his sonn are ingaged upon six dayes 
notice to dcliuer up all surrenderers that haue been listed by 
Mr. Fitch, to be setled or dissposed according to former 
order or promise. Major Tallcot or any three of the Commit- 
tee for Narrogancett country are desired and impowered to 



COLONY OF CONNECTICUT. 315 

call upon Vncass at their return and to setle and dispose the 
sayd Indians accordingly.* 

This Court considering the good seruice of such commis- 
sion officers and sarjts as haue been in office in the late warrs 
against the Indians, whoe haue not the same offices in the 
Trained Bands, doe see cause to honor their deserts by ex- 
empting them from training as priuate souldiers, requireing 
only that all such officers be present at all the traineings of 
the respectiue bands where they live, with theire swords, and 
there, as the cheife officers of the trained bands that are pres- 
ent shall desire them, to exercise the company or part thereof 
in that office that they bore in the warrs, for their owne and 
the company's better furtherance in the millitary discipline, 
vnless themselues shall chuse to fall into the same capacitie 
in the bands they were in before the wars. And if any such 
officers doe refuse or neglect to be present at the severall 
traineings and attend the desire of the officers of the trained 
bands, they shall be lyable to the same penalty that the law 
apends to the same offence in millitary officers. 

AIlso all commission officers, viz. such as were made so 
in the late war shall be freed from halfe their watch and 
warde, onely in ordinary times of peace. 

Vpon the motion of Mm John Saffin in behalfe of sundry 
Gent" that doe assert they haue right in the Narragancett 
country : — 

1. This Court declares that they will endeauoure the setle- 
ment of the sayd land in the Narrogancett country in such 
way and manner as may conduce to the honnour of God and 
the pub: interest of the Colony and those concerned therein. 

2. This Court doth nominate and appoynt Major John 
Tallcott, Capfi Rob* Chapman, L"* Tho: Tracey, L^^t Tho: 
Minor and Mr. John Bankes, together with any two that 
shall be appoynted by Mr. John Saffin and company, if they 
pleas to be present at Mr. Bull's in the Narrowgancett coun- 
try upon the ll^h of June next, to take a view of the s^ coun- 
try and consider what places may be fitt for plantations, and 
what inhabitants each plantation may contayne and what 

• See Appendix XXII: Letters from Rev. James Fitch. 



316 PUBLIC RECORDS OF THE 

bownds \rill be meet lo allow each plantation, and allso what 
other lands may be fit for farmes. and to commit the same to 
writeing and make retnm thereof to the Court in October 
[86] next- But ,;; if the sayd Bay Gent^ come not, or doe not 
agree with them, they may proceed without them, and the 
major part are to doe therein and make return to this Court.* 

3. All such as desire to plant themselves in such places as 
shall be judged fit for plantations in the country afoars^ (being 
persons of good conuersation) they shall readily be enterteined 
and incouraged by this Court to plant there orderiy. 

4. And for those lands that have been allready regularly 
possest and layd out to the inhabitants and planter? of Wick- 
ford or places adjacent, this Court doe grant liberty to such 
inhabitants and proprietors afoars*^ to rep)OS5esse themselues 
of their just propriety, prouided they doe submitt themselues 
to this Gouemment and send up their names to the Secretary, 
within two moneths after this Court, and do express theire 
"willinffness to be regulated so as may best advantage the 
generall safety and comforts of the inhabitants : which is 
recommended to and expected from aU such as clayme great 
portions of land neer the center of any township, for them to 
contriue and see don, which may be by \ray of sale or ex- 
change of lands \rt^ others for softie more remoat, or to setle 
dwellers of theire own suitably for cohabitation as afoarsayd. 

•5. Another committee is allso appoynted by this Court im- 
powered and ready to treate the G^nt" belonging to the 
mortgage and to agree w*** them for reasonable compensation 
eitber in land or otherwise, as may arise from the improve- 
ment, and to take in all deeds and evidences which are with 
them for the sayd lands, so that righteousness, loue and i)eace 
mav be c-ontinued betwixt us and them ; which committee 
is the Grouemor and Assistants, whoe may prepare matters 
for an issue, but not fully conclude w'^out fanher order from 
the Generall Court. 

This Court considering that there may be necessary occa- 
sioos £all in. in the intervalls of the Generall Court, that will 



^T>» Bgyort of »Cb— ioee *fcot lUmei— >nrwgK< hy Maiv lata IMraa i 
■ikJHKMA, M77. wflkefi>MimtkeiLyrMfix,Xa.XXL 



COLONY OF CONNECTICUT. 317 

require attendance, this Court refers the consideration and 
determination of all such affayres to the Gouerno'", Deputy 
Gouerno"" and Assistants present, always provided there be 
the Gouerno"" or Deputy Gouerno'" with three Assistants. 

This Court vnderstanding that there is some difFerence in 
Lyme about the choyse of a Lieutenant, and not seeing that 
it will be for the advantage or sattisfaction of the people 
there to confirme either of those chosen, doe see good reason 
to defer their granting approbation to their choyse ; and vntill 
there be another chose to more general sattisfaction to the 
people there, Mr. Mathew Griswould is to supply the place 
of a Leivtenant at Lime, till such choyse and approbation 
thereof be made by the Court. 

This Court considering the disspensation of God's good- 
ness and mercy to us in the vicissitudes of providences that 
in these late yeares haue passed over us, which haue been 
very eminent and remarkeable, and allso o^" vnsuitable de- 
portement vnder the same, not comeing up to what we haue 
pretended in reforming those evills which we haue taken no- 
tice of, together with the simptoms of the displeasure of God 
still impending over us and o"" neighboures, not onely by the 
Heathen but by those tokens that still doe threaten evill ap- 
proaching, — hath moved this Court to appoynt the last day 
of this moneth to be kept a day of publique and solemn Hu- 
miliation throughout this Colony, to humble o"^ soules before 
the Lord by fasting and prayer, for all o"" many provocations, 
and to implore the gracious presence of the Lord to be with 
us, as he hath been with our fathers, inclining C" hearts to 
obserue his statutes and commandments, and to make us a 
reformed people by raighning down righteousness and mercy 
upon vs, and graciously appeare, to giue a good issue to all 
affayres depending in England respecting this country and 
the best welfare of his Ma''^ and of all the people of God 
both in England and elswhere. 

The Court's adjourned till the Gouerno' or Dep* Gou"" see 
cause to call it againe. 

27* 



318 



PUBLIC RECORDS OF THE 



[87] A Generall Court held at Hartford, October 

11th, 1677. 
Wm. Leet Esqr, Gou^. 
Major Robt Treat, Dep' Gou^ 
Major John Tallcott, Capt" John Nash, 

Capt" John Allyn, Capt" Tho: Topping. 

Mr. Wm. Joanes, 

Deputies. 

For Hartford ; Mr. Wm. Pitkin, Mr. Jonath: Gilbert. 

For Windsor ; Capt" Benj: Newbery, Mr. John Loomys. 

For Wethersfeild ; Capt" John Chester, Mr. Sam^i Tallcott. 

For New Haven ; Capt" Tho: Munson, Capt" Moses Mans- 
field. 

For Fayrefeild ; Mr. John Bankes, Mr. Corn: HuU, 

For N. London ; Major Edw: Palmes, Capt" James Avery. 

For Mlford ; Capt" Wm. Fowler, Capt" Jn" Bird. 

For Saybrook ; Captn Rob* Chapman, L^t Wm. Pratt. 

For Stratford ; Capt" Wm. Curtice, IVIr. Francis Hall. 

For Norwich ; L"* Tho: Tracey, Mr. Simon Huntington. 

For Standford ; Mr. Jos: Theale, Mr. iVbram Ambler. 

For Farmington ; Mr. John Wadsworth, Deac: Tho: Judd. 

For Guilford ; Mr. Andrew Leete, Ens: John Graue. 

For Norwalk ; Mr. John Gregory, Mr. John Bowton. 

For Wallingford ; Mr. John Moss. 

For Brandford ; Mr. Tho: Harrison, Mr. Dan^' Swaine. 

For Stoneington ; Mr. Amos Richeson, Mr. Ephraim Minor. 

For Lyme ; Mr. Math: Griswold. 

For Greenwich ; Mr. John Bankes, Mr. Wm. Pitkin. 

For Rye ; Mr. John Bankes. 

For Midleton ; L"' Nath: White, Deacon Samii Stocking. 

For Kenilworth ; Mr. Edw: Griswold. 

This Court upon the soliscitation of o"" neighbours of the 
vpper plantations, (som of them haueing had a treaty with 
the enemie and promised another on the next Sabboth day,) 
that we would grant them assistance and a suitable person 
to advise in the present treaty, haue thought meet and doe 
hereby order and appoynt Major Rob^ Treat to take unto him 
and vnder his command forty men, and haste vp to North- 



COLONY OF CONNECTICUT. 319 

ampton and Hadly there to lend his advice and grant assist- 
ance in the defending the plantations and the persons as 
shall be appoynted to treat, in the best way and maner as 
they can, according to commission. A coppy of the com- 
mission is on file. 

Fifteen of those men to be raysed at Windsor, and fifteen 
at Hartford, and ten at Wethersfield. 

Tho: Holister was appoynted Livetenant and commis- 
sioned accordingly. 

And this Court for the advancement of the Treaty with 
the enemie haue thought meet to propound their considera- 
tions to the Honorii Major Treat and to the persons that shall 
be imployed in the treaty by our freinds in those plantations. 

1. That all due endeauoures be vsed for the redemption of 
the captiues, by paying a sume of money or other goods ; 
possibly a quantyty of liquors may not be amiss to mention 
in the tender, 

2. If they should propownd any thing for a peace that then 
it be tould them that first you purpose to issue the business 
about the captiues, and then treat peace, 

3. If peace be treated of, the highest of tearmes pro- 
pownded to them should be life and liberty in this country, 
they to be under the Goverment and at the disspose of the 
English in that Colony in which they shall reside. 

4. If they treat about peace that then they make as hon- 
ourable and safe peace as may be, and not to conclude it 
fully before there be a post sent to Boston, and the confirma- 
tion of it com from the Court of the Massachusetts ; with a 
promise if they doe not conclude of a peace to sattisfaction, 
that then they shall haue free liberty to depart without being 
molested, and that till then they shall be secured in a house 
at Hadley and haue provission to sattisfaction, and safely 
guarded that they shall not be molested by any of the Eng- 
lish ; or if they like not so to be secured by the English, then 
all acts of hostility to be forborne, foure of the cheife of them 
com thither on the day appoynted, with signes agreed on, 
peaceably and without armes, they shall then have an answer 
and liberty to com and goe in safety. 



320 



PUBLIC RECORDS OF THE 



12'''. This Court doe order the Treasurer to remitt the 
rates of Sami^ Hide for these two last yeares for his person, 
he being disinabled by ihiess. 

This Court confirmes vnto John Allyn of New London, a 
purchass that he hath made of Vncass, of about an acre of 
meadow, and so it is incerted vnder the deed by the Secre- 
tary. 

Vpon the petition of John Beeres, this Court considering 
how he hath been disinabled by his wounds in the swamp 
fight, as a recompence for the same doe grant him sixteen 
pownds, to be payd out of the pub: Treasurie, by the Treas- 
urer within two yeares. 



The List of Persons & Estates are as foUoweth : — 


Persons. 


Estates. 


Persons. 


Estates. 


226 Hartford, 


[X]16577 


084 Stratford, 


[£]6222 


219 Windsor, 


13522 


068 Norwalke, 


4505 


214 New Haven, 


12707 


090 Standford, 


4694 


157 Fayrefeild, 


09730 


040 Greenwich, 


1822 


147 New London, 


, 08206 


038 Rye, 


1789 


160 Wethersfeild, 


11169 


033 Kellingworth, 


2487 


106 Farmington, 


06134 


085 Saybrooke, 


5720 


096 Midleton, 


04890 


050 Lyme, 


3207 


029 Haddum, 


01599 


070 Norwich, 


5080 


100 Guilford, 


06040 


087 Stoneington, 


5601 


045 Brandford, 


02499 


163 Miiford, 


8379 


048 Wallingford, 


02159 







144738 

[88] October 13. Vpon the petition of Mary Marshall wid: 
the relict and administratrix with the will annexed of Capt" 
Samuel Marshall of Windsor, slaine in the late war deceased, 
requesting liberty and allowance from this Court to make sale 
of so much of the land and reall estate of the s'^ deceased as 
shall be found necessary (the personall estate falling short) to 
pay, sattisfy and discharge the just debts due and oweing by the 
testator and unpayd at the time of his death, this court haueing 
considered the case doe grant the liberty desired, and to that end 
doe impower Capt" John Allyn, Capt" Benj: Newbery, Capt" 



COLONY OF CONNECTICUT. 



321 



Daniel Clarke, L"t John Maudsley and L«t Dauid Wilton, 
the thirds of the sayd land being first sett out by the sayd 
persons and stated by the County Court according to law 
upon the widow and relict, and then out of the residue of the 
land to lay out so much as shall be necessary and may be 
best spared with least inconveniency to the estate and sell the 
same to best advantage to the ends afoarsayd according to 
their best prudence and discression ; and the Court doe de- 
clare that such sale or sales made as aboue by the sayd per- 
sons hereby intrusted, or the major part of them, in concur- 
rance with the sayd relict and administratrix, shall be and 
reputed good in law to all or any person or persons concern- 
ed there ; and the Court doe farther order that s^ debts being 
so payd and discharged, distribution be made of the remayn- 
dure to the children of the testator, according to law and jus- 
tice, as is intimated in his will. 

The Court haueing heard and considered the complaint of 
Richard Williams against Isack Hall for his illegall proceed- 
ing against his person by an hue and cry, and obtaining from 
him, while he was under the sayd Hall's power by that hue 
& cry, an obligation for payment of an Indian boy and an 
horss, or three years seruice of his person, — this Court doth 
determine that the sayd obligation shall stand voyd, as being 
gotten by illegal force, as allso that the sayd Hall's seizing 
the sayd Williams' person is very illegall, the sayd Williams 
his time of serueing by apprizment according to law being 
wholly neglected by sayd Hall and the County Marshall ; 
and doe adjudg the sayd Hall shall pay to the sayd Williams 
the sume of twenty pownds in order to repayring the sayd 
Richard Williams his damages thereby sustayned ; and the 
Court doe leaue the judgment of the Court at New London 
in the estate it was before execution was granted, and Wil- 
liams to haue liberty to appeale if he see cause ; and all 
charges of the courts in agitating this matter and controversy 
to be born by sayd Isack Hall. 

Octobr 15. This Court being informed that Mr. Thomas 
Denham is likely to settle at Rye as minister there, who is 
declared to be a suitable person for that worke by the min- 



322 



PUBLIC RECORDS OF THE 



isters of Fayrefeild and Standford, for his incourageraent to 
setle there, and in regard of his late loss by the war, this 
Court hane granted him the sume of ten pownds to be payd 
out of that towne's rate this yeare. 

Vpon the petition of Mary Murrain, the wife of Patrick 
Murrain, that she might be released from her conjugal tye to 
him, the Court considering of the same and findeing by the 
testimonies of sundry Deputies that he hath absented him- 
selfe from her aboue six yeares, and hath not afoarded any 
thing towards her mayntenance as ever they heard of, be- 
sides other testimonies, and allso that he resolved neuer to 
see her more but ^vholly deserted her, the Court haueing 
considered the case doe find good reason to release her from 
her conjugall tye to the s^ Patrick Murraine, w'^ liberty to 
disspose herselfe in marriage, as God shall grant her opper- 
tunety. 

Octobf 16. This Court doe grant vnto Mr. Andrew Belt- 
cher liberty to transport thirty raw hides out of the Colony. 

This Court doth grant a rate of eight pence upon the 
pound upon all the rateable estate of the Colony, to dis- 
charge the country debts, to be payd in good and merchanta- 
ble wheat, pease and Indian corn, porck and beife ; winter 
wheat at fine shillings p"" bushell, sumer wheat, fower shil- 
lings pi" bushell, white pease at three shillings six pence p"" 
bush:, Indian corn at two shillings sixpence p'" bushell, porck 
at three pownds tenn shillings p"" barrill, good and merchant- 
able, full size, well repact by the packer, and beife so repact 
as before, forty shillings p"" barrell ; allwayes prouided if there 
be aboue a third payd in Indian come, it shall be payd not 
aboue two shillings p"" busheU. 

This Court grants the Gouerno'' for his salery sixty pownds 
and the discharge of his cxpences for this year. 

This Court grants the Dep' Gouerno"" for his salary this 
yeare, thirty pownds. 

This Court upon the petition of Mr. Tho: Robinson that 
he might haue a hearing of a case formerly issued at New 
Haucn Court, for the farther quiating of the disquiat spirit 
of the petitioner, and that there may be a finall issue of the 



COLONY OF CONNECTICUT. 323 

[89] case, and he fully convicted of his irregularities, || (this 
grant not to be a pleadable presedent for the future,) grant 
him liberty to reveiw the same at New Haven Court in No- 
vember next, and doe desire Major Tallcott and Captain 
Allyn, both or either of them, to grant their assistants and 
that Couj-t in the hearing and issue of this case. The Dep- 
uties of Guilford to giue notice to the town of Guilford to 
appeare at the sayd Court to defend themselues in this case 
by their agents. 

This Court doth impower the late wife of John Browne to 
make sale of her part of the house and land of her husband's 
that was left by him when he deserted her, for the supply and 
the bringing up of his children ; and her deed of sale shall be 
of full force and vertue for the holding of the same firme to 
them that shall purchasse the same, to them, their heirs and 
assignes foreuer. 

This Court upon the motion of those betrustedin the man- 
agement of the estate of Noadiah Russell, that was left him 
by his grand father and father, they haueing expended con- 
siderable of his estate in bringing of him up in learning, and 
he being now at the CoUedg and not in a capacity to proceed 
in learning without his houseing and land in New Haven be 
sold for his mayntenance, which the sayd persons betrusted 
as before desire the approbation of this Court in makeing 
sale of the sayd houseing and land for the end afoars'', — This 
Court haueing heard and considered the premises, doe judg 
that it will be more advantagious for the s^ Noadiah that his 
house and land be soTd, and the pay receiued be improued 
for the bringing of him up in Colledg learning, than to leaue 
his learning and injoy his house and land, he being likely to 
proue a usefull instrument in the work of God; and there- 
fore doe hereby giue the executors, administrators or those 
betrusted w'^ the estate of the sayd Noadiah full power to 
make sale of his house and lands for the ends afoarsayd ; 
and their deeds for the s<^ house and land, made, signed, 
sealed and deliuered according to law, to be of full force and 
vertue as afoarsayd for the holding of the sayd houseing and 



324 PUBLIC RECORDS OF THE 

lands firm to those that shall be the purchassers of them, 
theire heires and assignes foreuer. 

Octob"" 17. This Court haueing heard and considered 
what hath been presented by Mrs. Joanes to alter what hath 
been done by the Court of Assistants in refference to the es- 
tate claymed by Mrs. Osborn for herselfe and Mr. John 
Joanes, son of Mr. John Joanes of Nevis, giuen by the last 
will of the Reverend Mr. John Joanes of Fayrefeild, doe de- 
clare that they see noe cause to make alteration of the same, 
but doe hereby sattisfy and confirm the act of the Court of 
Assistants, as a final issue of that matter.* 

This Court grants the constables for the severall planta- 
tions liberty till the twentyeth of Nouember next to make up 
their acco^s w'^ the Treasurer for this yeare. 

This Court haueing heard what hath been presented by 
the Deputies of Greenwich and Standford concerning their 
bounds, see no cause to make any alteration of what the 
Court hath formerly setled in that matter.f 

Octobr 18. This Court grants Jonathan Armstrong the 
sume of one hundred acres of land near the bownds of Nor- 
wich, provided he take it up where it may not prejudice any 
former grant to any plantation or perticuler person. L"* 
Tho: Tracey and L"t Tho: Leffingwell are appoynted to lay 
out his grant to him, according to his grant. 

Nominated for freemen ; — Jonathan Smith. 

Nominated to stand in the nomination for Assistants at 
the election in May next; — Capt" Benj: Newbery, Mr. Sam'i 
Tallcott, Mr. John Wadsworth, Capt" Daniel Clarke, Major 
Edw: Palmes, Mr, Rob^ Chapman, Mr. Edward Griswould, 
Mr. Danii Witherell, Mr. Andrew Leetc, Capt" Wm. Fow- 
ler, Mr. John Moss, Mr. Tho: Fitch, Mr. Sam" Shearman, 
Capfn Wm. Curtice, L"* Olmstead. 

This Court doe nominate and appoynt Major John Tall- 
cott, Capt" Benj: Newbery, Mr. Samuel Tallcott, Mr. John 
Wadsworth, Mr. Wm. Pitkin, to be a committee to treat w^^ 
the most prudent and conscienscious of each severall calling, 

♦ Rec. of Court of AsBistante, I. 24. f See note on p. 202, ante. 



COLONY OF CONNECTICUT. 325 

and to prepare such orders and instructions for the regulatc- 
ing and stateing of trades and workmen, so as that all op- 
pression may be removed from vs and that righteousnes may- 
be aduanced, and to present the same to the next Court. 

For the regulation of the Tanners : — It is ordered by this 
Court that noe tanner shall haue any more for taning any 
hide than two pence upon the pownd for green hides and 
fower pence upon the pownd for dry hides. It is allso or- 
dered that the price of green hides shall be three pence p^ 
pound and dry hides six pence p"" pownd, excepting abate- 
ment for damnifyed hides ; and the tanner shall set downe 
the price payd to the butcher or owner, or to be payd, vissi- 
bly upon the hide, that the price of the hide being tanned 
may be truely knowne. It is allso ordered that if any tanner 
or owner of leather shall sell or cause to be sold any leather 
before it be duely sealed according to law, or shall sell any 
leather for more than the price forementioned [he] shall forfeit 
such leather or the value of it, one third to the complayner, 
the rest to the county treasurie where it shall happen. 
[90] For the regulation of shoemakers : — It is ordered that 
after the first of May next, noe shoemaker shall take aboue 
fiue pence halfe penny a size for all playne and wooden heeld 
shoes, for all sizes aboue the men's seuens, three soled shoes 
well made and wrought, nor aboue seven pence halfe penny 
a size for well wrought French falls. And euery shoemaker 
shall haue by him a true and just size or measure, and ac- 
cordingly marke his shoes in the usuaU maner; and if any 
shoemaker shall marke his shoes or ware with a falls size or 
measure, to abuse and wroung the buyer, or shall sell aboue 
the price abouesayd, he shall forfeit such shoes or ware. 

This Court grants Mr. Gershom Bulkly liberty to trans- 
port two hundred of deere skinns out of this Colony this next 
yeare, any law to the contrary notwithstanding.* 

This Court grants Mr. Andrew Leet liberty to purchass 
Falcon Island and Goose Island for himselfe and his heires, 
which sayd Islands lye before or neer Guilford. 

• Mr. Bulkeley petitioned the Court for liberty to export deer skins to Boston, to be exchanged 
for medicines, &c. [Trade & M. Affairs, Vol. I. Doc. l.J 

28 



326 PUBLIC RECORDS OF THE 

Vpon the petition of Elizabeth Griswould, the late wife of 
John Rogers, that she might haue her children continued 
with her and brought up by her and not with John Rogers, 
he being so hettridox in his opinion and practice ; the Court 
haueing considered the petition, and John Rogers haueing in 
open Court declared that he did vtterly renownce all the vissi- 
ble worship of New England, and professedly declare against 
the Christian Sabboth as a meere invention, &c. the Court 
see cause to order that the two children shall be and remayn 
with her the s^ Elizabeth and her father Mathew Griswould, 
to be brought up and nurtured by them (in the admonition 
and fear of the Lord,) dureing the pleasure of this Court. 
And this Court doe order John Rogers to pay vnto the sayd 
Elizabeth towards the mayntenance of his children, the sume 
of twenty pownds, to be payd fiue pownds a yeare, for fower 
yeares next followeing ; and in case he fayle of payment, the 
reversion of the land by sayd John Rogers made ouer to 
Elizabeth his late wife, at Mamacock, is to be and stand for 
securety for the payment of the sayd sume of twenty pownds. 

Vpon the petition of the select men of Stoneington, This 
Court doe grant theire petition prouided they make full pay- 
ment according to theire list to the country and make up 
their acco^s with the Treasurer so that no loss come to the 
country thereby by November 20'^ next. The list is £6195. 
If any loss com to the constable thereby,' the town to beare it. 

This Court haueing heard Robbin Cassacinamon's peti- 
tion and Mr. Stanton's petition* with the contents of them, 
which being considered, doe see no cause to alter what was 
done in May last, and now agayn order that Robbin Cassa- 
cinamon may receiue the wampom that was left at Mr. Stan- 
ton's for him, and Mr. Stanton is hereby ordered to deliuer it 
him, or the value of it to the content of sayd Robbin, in some 
other current pay ; and if the Narragancetts be in Mr. Stan- 
ton's debts, he may in a legall way prosecute and obtayn his 
right of them. 

This Court doe grant Mr. Steven Chester six pownd, for 

* Mr. Stanton's petition is in War Papers, Vol. [. Doc. 133. That of Robin CaBsacinamon, in 
Indian Papers, Vol. I. Doc. 31. 



COLONY OF CONNECTICUT. 327 

recompence for the high price of corne and other damages he 
received for non-payment of what was due to him from the 
country. 

This Court doe grant the widow of Capt" Seely about 
thirty-three shillings due from her for her country rate last 
yeare, and her rate this yeare. 

This Court grants Experience Shepherd, the wife of Wm. 
Shepherd a release from her conjugall tye to the sayd Wm. 
Shepherd, he haueing deserted her with a resolue neuer to 
return to his wife againe, " 

This Court haueing heard what hath been aledged by Sarjt 
Hart against the widdow Orviss her sale of her house and 
land at Farmington to Sam'i Gridly, doe declare that they 
see no cause to alter the setlement made by the County Court 
of those lands to the Widow Orviss. 

This Court grants Mercy Niccolson a releass from her con- 
jugall tye to John Niccolson, he haueing deserted his wife 
for the space of fiue yeares and upwards. 
[91] This Court grants L°t Cornelius Hull one hundred 
acres of land, prouided he take it up where it may not preju- 
dice any former grant to any plantation or perticular person. 

This Court grants to Leivtenant Samuel Martin fifty acres 
of land to be to him and his heirs for ever, prohibiting him 
the sale of the same or any alienation thereof from his heires : 
he to take it up where it may not prejudice any former grant 
to any plantation or perticular person. 

This Court grants the Secretary twenty pownds for his 
seruice this yeare, besides what is allowed by law. 

The Councill for manageing of the pub: affayres of the 
Colony in the absence of the Generall Court ; This Court 
doe continue their order and provission made in May last for 
that purposse. 

Capt'i John Allyn, Mr. James Bishop and Mr. John Bankes, 
Mr. John Wadsworth, are appoynted to audite the Treasurer's 
acco^s. 

For the incouragement of the good people in this Colony 
in cleareing land, it is ordered that whosoeuer shall hence- 



328 PUBLIC RECORDS OF THE 

forth inclose land, he shall haue fours years liberty or free- 
dom from rates before it be listed. 

It is ordered by this Court that noe bill of divorce shall be 
granted to any man or woman lawfully marryed but in case 
of adultery, fraudulent contract, or willfull desertion for three 
years with totall neglect of duty, or seven years' providentiall 
absence being not heard of after due enquiry made and certi- 
fyed, such party shall be counted as legally dead to the other 
party ; in all which cases a bill of divorce may be granted by 
the Court of Assistants to t!ie agreived party who may then 
lawfully many or be marryed to any other. 

Whereas by woefull experiance in the late warr, many of 
the inhabitants of this country liueing in a single and scat- 
tering way, remoate from townships and neighbourhood, 
haue been destroyed and cutt off by the enemie, and theire 
estates and dwellings made desolate, to the ruine of such 
famalyes, impouerishment of the countrey and incourage- 
ment of the heathen in doeing farther mischeife ; and that the 
Prouidence of God seems to testify against such a way of 
liueing as contrary to religion, societie in neighbourhood for 
common safety,* the posterity of such, most of them, are en- 
dangered to degenerate to heathenish ignorance and barbar- 
isme, — this Court, for preuention of such inconvenience and 
evills and for common safety, doe order that for the future 
all plantations or townships that shall or may setle in planta- 
tion-wise shall setle themselues in such neerness together 
that they may be a help, defence and succour each to other 
against any surpriz, onset or attempt of any comon enemie ; 
and the Generall Court from time to time shall appoynt some 
committee to regulate such plantation setlement accordingly. 

Forasmuch as none can be ignorant of the late awfull diss- 
pensation of God towards his poore wilderness people, evi- 
dently declaring his displeasure in generall against the whole 
land, altho: w''' lengthened out and undeserued patience to- 
wards us in this Colony ; and yet considering (though his 
hand is stretched out still in some places, and a black dismall 
cloud hangs over all,) the vnawakenedness and insensible- 

• So in the original. 



COLONY OF CONNECTICUT. 329 

ness of all sortes amonge vs, so much appeareing in many 
God-provoaking sins, rather abounding more then ever, than 
repented of and reformed, to the great greif of authority, 
ministry and many others of God's people ; and farther being 
in some measure sencible of the hower of temptation allready 
began in other parts of the world, to God's people, and the 
great hazard o"" dear natiue country and his Mamies other do- 
minions, especially the churches and people of God in them, 
are exposed to by the formidable and prevayleing power of 
the enemie, — this Court thought good to appoynt the 21st of 
Novembr next to be kept a day of fasting and prayer, on the 
grownds afoars"^ ; and doe allso recommend it to all the 
churches and ministers throughout this Colony, as often as 
they can, to engage themselues and stir up their people to 
the worke of solem humiliation and prayer, w^h turning to the 
Lord in this o"" day of Jacob's trouble. 

The Court appoynts the last of October present, to be kept 
a day of pub: Thankesgiueing throughout this Colony. 

The Court's adjourned till the Gou"" or Dept Gou"" see 
cause to call them. 



JOURNAL OF THE COUNCIL,* &c. 

At a meeting of the Gouerno"' and Assistants in Hartford, 
July 1, 1675. 

John Winthrop Esq., Gou^ The people of Stoneington and New- 
Mr. Sam" Willys, London haueing informed of the out- 
Major John Tallcott, rageousnes of the Indians, of their de- 
Mr. Henry Woolcott, stroying the English by fyre and sword 
C. John Allyn, in Plimoth Pattent, and allso what dan- 
Mr. James Richards. ger they are in by reason of the enemie, 

earnestly beging of ayde ; — 

It is ordered, that there be thirty dragoones and ten troopers forth- 
w"' raysed and sent to Stoneington and New London, to ayd and 
secure the good people of those townes against the Indians ; to be 
raysed, out of Windsor, ten dragoones and fine troopers ; out of Hart- 
ford, ten dragoones and fiue troopers ; and out of Wethersfeild, eight 
dragoones and two troopers. Corp" Sam" Martin to be one of them. 

It is allso ordered, that the seuerall plantations be ordered forth- 
with to prepare and set themselues in a posture of defence, and to suit 
themselues with armes and amunition according to law. 

• The manuscript Journal of the Council (originally constituting a separate volume, of about 
eighty closely written foolscap pages,) has been recently bound up with the first volume of Doc- 
uments relating to War. Its first pages record the proceedings of the Governor and Assistants, 
during the interval between the General Courts of May and July, 1675, and prior to the estab- 
lishment of the standing Council, by the order of July 9th, (page 261, ante.) The first meeting 
of the Council appears to have been held on the 14th of July ; with the record of which their 
Journal properly commences. 

Copies or abstracts of numerous documents referred to in the Journal or which have seemed 
necessary for its explanation, have been incorporated with it, as here published. These are in 
all cases printed in a different type from that used for the Journal itself; and a reference to the 
manuscript volume in which the original is to be found, is usually,prefixed. Abstracts and partial 
copies are always included between brackets. 

A great number of the Documents thus introduced or referred to, are now bound together in 
the same volume, (War, Vol. I.) It has not been thought necessary in every instance, to re- 
peat the title of this volume, and the numler only, of the Document referred to, is sometimes 
given. 



332 PROCEEDINGS OF THE 

[The following letter, (of wMch a copy is preserved in " War," Vol. I. Doc. 
4, a.) appears to have been forwarded to the magistrates of New Haven and 
the south-western towns.] 

Ilai-tford, July 1, 1675. 

Hono''^ Sirs : TVe have reC' inteligence by letters post, from Stoneington 
& New Loudon, that the Indians are up in arms in Phmoth & in the Narro- 
gancett Country, that they have assaulted the English, slayn about thirty, 
burnt some houses, & stiU are engageing the Indians rownd about by sending 
locks of some English they haue slayne from one place to another. The 
people of Stoneington & New London send for ayd, and accordingly we 
purposs to send them forty-two men, to-morrow, &haue given order to y' sev- 
eral plantations here to put themselves in a posture of defence speedily ; & 
these lines are to moue yourselves forthwith to see that the same care be taken 
in your parts for your securety, and that all the plantations haue notice here- 
of, both Guilford and so onward to Rye, that they allso be compleat in their 
arines, with ammunition according to law. Here is inclosed coppys of some 
letters we haue receiued from Stoneington, &c. Please to peruse them, & 
hasten the posting of the letter to Governour Andross. 

Liuetenant Nicholas Olmsteed is appoynted the L°' of this company 
that now is to be sent forth, and was commissioned accordingly. 

[A copy of the commission to Lieut. Olmsted, to conunand a company of 
dragoons, to go forthwith to Norwich and thence to Stouington, for the de- 
fence of those towns, — is in War, Vol. I. Doc. 4, a.] 

Vpon the intelligence of Major John Winthrop's being sick, Capt. 
Wayte Winthrope, in the absence of Major Palmes in this exigency, 
is appoynted to command the forces of New London County and 
allso to defend the plantations of that County from the assault of the 
enemie. The Commissioners and com" officers are appoynted his 
council, or so many as can conveen upon any exigency ; and he 
was accordingly commissioned. 

Liueten' Tho: Tracey was appoynted the commissary or quarter 
master to prouide for this company and designs, and was commis- 
sioned accordingly. 



At a meeting of the Magistrates, July 6th, 1675. 
Mr. Sam" Willys, John Griffen was confirmed Sarj'of Sims- 

Major John Tallcot, bury Traine Band, and is impowered to 
Mr. Henry Woolcott, command the Traine Band there upon all 
C. John Allyn. occasions, and especially in case of any exi- 

gency by the assault of an enemie. 



GOVERNOR AND ASSISTANTS. 333 

At a meeting of the Goueuno & Assis" in Hartford, July 7, 

1675. 

John VVinthrop Esq. Gov""; Whereas there appeares by tlie intel- 
Mr. Sam" Willys, ligence we haue that there is a generall 

Major John Tallcott, conspiracy of the heathen against the 

Mr. James Richards, English, and we haue thereupon sent 

Mr. Henry Woolcott, forces to secure the smale plantations 

Capt. John Allyn. upon the sea-coast and frontiers; and 

the smale plantations of Lyme, Say- 
brook and Kellingworth being not farr from some Indians whoe we 
understand by other Indians were in priuate consultations at Po- 
dunck not long since, all night, and suddainly w^'drew themselues, to 
the wonder of the other Indians that took notice of it; and it is not 
known but that they may be in conspiracy with the other Indians 
now in war with the English ; we haue therefore thought fitt to im- 
power and commissionate you, Capt. Tho: Bull, forthwith to rcpayre 
to those plantations, with such others as shall accompany you out of 
these plantations, for the speciall defence and safety of those places 
or either of them, to martiall, array and put in warlike posture the 
inhabitants of those plantations and such other forces as shall com 
there, and allso if need be for their more convenient quartering and 
supply of provissions to call back those forces lately sent from the 
sea-side to New London and Stoneington, to Saybrooke ; there to 
quarter till farther order from the Gen" Court or other authority of 
this Colony. And you are to giue an acco' of your motions, and 
what occurrances shall fall in upon all occasions, as oft as you can 
w"" any conuenience. 

This commission is ordered to be signed by the Secref^y p"" order 
of the Gou'' and Assistants present. 

Instructions for Captain Thomas Bull : — 

Capt. Bull ; In case when you com to Saybrook or places adjacent, 
you judg it necessary to call back those forces from New London or 
Stoneington, that came from the sea-side, you are to send post pres- 
ently for them, and you are hereby impowered accordingly. And 
if so be, there be want of any prouissions for them, you are to re- 
quire the constable to seiz such prouission as may be necessary for 
them, whoe is hereby required to attend your order therein. 

And you are desired to be very carefuU of keeping such watches 
and wardes as you shall find necessary for the discoueric of an 
enemie. 

And if by the approach of an enemie you should be forced to mayn- 
tayn your station there by force of armes, you are to doe it in the 
best way you can to preserue the Hues and limbes of your souldiers 
and to offend the enemie ; and the commission officers both ciuill 
and millitary of those plantations w"' the commanders in cheife of 
the sea-side forces that shall be present and can be conveened upon 
any exigencie, you are to take as your councill. 

This ordered to be signed by the Secrefy p'' order of the Gouernor 
and Assis'' p''sent. 



334 journal of the council, &c. 

At a meeting of the Governo' and Councill, in Hartford, 
July 8^ 1675. 

John Winthrop Esq. Gov"", In answer to a letter receiued from 

Wm.LeeteEsq.DEPT.Gov'; Mr. Rob' Chapman, this followeing, 

Mr. Sam" Willys, answer was returned : 

Major John Tallcott, Hartford, July 8, 1675. 

Mr. James Richards, ^I^. Rob' Chapman, 

,, T D- 1 &Capt. The: Bull: 

Mr. James Bishop, \\t x • * e 

* We have just now irom 

Mr. \Vm. Joanes, your towne receiued the intelligence 

Capt. John Allyn. of two sloopes arriued from New 

Yorke, in which sloopes are som 
forces com w''' Major Andross whoe is come to giue you a vissit and 
to lend ayd if there be any need against the Indians. You may 
please to inform Major Andross that the authority here hath taken 
the best care they can sufficiently to defend the plantations in this 
Colony from the insolencies of the Indians, and if Major Andross 
pleas to despatch his forces towards Seacunck for the releife of the 
good people there whoe are in distresse (as we are credibly informed,) 
it may be acceptable ; for there is the seat of warr. If Major An- 
dross pleas to com on shoare himselfe with any of his Gent" for their 
refreshment, you are to treate him w"' all due respects ; and we 
command that you take speciall care that those soldiers now in Say- 
brooke under your command carry it warily and prudently and 
avoyd glueing any just provocation. And if so be those forces 
on board should endeauour to land at Saybrooke, you are in his 
Ma'"'" name to forbid their landing. Yet if they should offer to land, 
you are to wayt their landing and to command them to leaue their 
arms on boarde, and then you may giue them leaue to land for ne- 
cessary refreshing, peaceably, but so as that they return on boarde 
againe in convenient time. And you are to keep the King's Collours 
standing there, vnder his Ma''" L°', the Gouerno'' of Conecticutt ; and 
if any other colloures be set up there you are not to suffer them to 
stand. And in generall, whatsoeuer shall be done or attempted in 
opposition to the Gouerment here established by his Ma"% you are to 
declare against, oppose and undoe the same, viz., if they make any 
proclamation you are to protest against them ; if they command the 
people to yeild obedience to them, you are to forbid it, and to com- 
mand them to continue in obedience to his Ma"" and his Gouerment 
here established ; and if they should endeauoure to set up anything, 
you may pull it down ; and if they dig up any trenches, you are to 
fill them up; if they say they take possession, you are to say you 
keep possession for his Ma"^ But you are in his Ma"'' name re- 
quired to avoyd strikeing the first blow ; but if they begin, then you 
are to defend yourselues and doe your best to secure his Ma"" inter- 
est and the peace of the whole Colony of Conccticott in o' possession. 
And if farther ayd be needed you are to send to the neighbour planta- 
tions for the same. And you may represent to Major Andross how 



JOURNAL OF THE COUNCIL, &C. 335 

inconvenient it is to make a discomposure amongst his Ma*'" subjects 
at such a time as this is. 

It was ordered by the Governo' and Council! that this letter should 
be signed by the Secretary, {/order of the Councill. 

Postcrip. You are to keep your instruction to yourselues and 
giue no coppyes of it. 

If Major Andross desire a treaty, let him present what he desires 
in that respect, and send it up post, and it will be attended. 



Hartford, July 14, 167.5.* 

Wm. Leet Esq. Dept. Gov'' ; Mr. Sam" Willys, Major John Tall- 
cott, Mr. Henry Woolcot, Mr. James Richards, Mr. John Wadsworth, 
Capt. John Allyn. 

The Councill haueing been informed of Major Andross, his goe- 
ing from Saybrook, ordered the release of some of those forces at 
Say brook &c. as appeares by a coppy of their letter to Capt. Bull, 
which they ordered to be signed p' the Secretly in the name of the 
Councill and sent to Capt. Bull, which remaynes on file.f 



Hartford, July 15. 

Wm. Leet Esq. Deft. Gov' ; Major John Tallcott, Capt. John 
Allyn, Mr. James Richards, Mr. Henry Woolcott. 

The Councell being mett, by seuerall letters from the Massachu- 
setts and Mr. Fitch were informed of the feare of the Narrogancetts 
engageingin the warr w"" Phillip against the English, and of the in- 
conveniency that may accrue to the English thereby, with the desire 
of Mr. Fitch for ayd to be sent, the Councill sent post to Saybrook to 
desire and order the continuance of those forces at Saybrooke, till 
further order ; and if upon farther intelligence they should desire 

* The General Court convened on the 9th of July ; (see page 260, ante.) A letter was sent 
to Gov. Leverett and the Council of Massachusetts, acknowledging the receipt of two letters 
from them, dated July 3d and 5th ; approving the course of Massachusetts in sending aid to 
their confederates of Plymouth colony, and the proposition for a meeting of the Comm'rs of the 
U. Colonies ; informing them of what had been done to protect the eastern frontier, "yet not to 
move further ; hearing of so large supplys from yourselves to engage the enemy competently, 
and posibly, if the Lord of Hosts goe forth w'h youre armes, may both irritate and drive the en- 
emy vpon our quarters, to much hazard, when part of o"' strength is so far off removed, and we 
see much engaged to mayntayne our station" against Major Andross, &c. [War L Doc. 4, b.] 

This was the first meeting of the Council, after the adjournment of the General Court. 

t A copy of this letter to Capt, Bull, is in Appendix XIX, — from Col. Boundaries, II. Doc. 36. 



336 



JOURNAL OF THE COUNCIL, &C. 



ayd at Norwich, upon thoire sending for the same it should be sent 
them from Saybrook. The coppyes of these letters to Capt. Tho: 
Bull and to Mr. James Fitch are upon file. It was ordered that 
those letters should be signed p' the Secret y in the name of the Coun- 
cill, and posted away ; which was accordingly attended. 

[See two letters from Massachusetts, in War, Docs. 5 & 7. The first (da- 
ted July 5tb,) enclosed a communication from Plymouth Colony, giving an 
account of the sufferings of the people of Taunton ; Massachusetts had sent 
forces for their relief, nearly 400 men, and two vessels, with provisions and 
ammunition ; a proposition had been made to tlie Governor of Plymouth for 
a meeting of the Commissioners ; " a prudent management of the neighboring 
Indians to the Enghsh" in the several Colonies, is commended as " a great 
point of wisdom," &c. The second letter (July 10th,) gives a further ac- 
count of the progress of the war ; the Indians had deserted their wigwams on 
Mount Hope, wliich the Enghsh had subsequendy burned down ; at least 30 
of the English had been murdered at Taunton and elsewhere, and many 
houses were daily seen in llames ; Philip and his forces were observed to be 
in frequent correspondence with other Indians, especially the Narragansetts, 
who had entertained the squaws and children of the Mount Hope Indians, 
and had received Englishmen's heads; Capt. Hutchinson, with about 100 
men, had marched to the Narragansett country to demand an account of 
their actings ; the day before, six men came to Boston from Uncas, sent to 
give assurance of his friendship and to offer his service against Phihp ; 6cc. j 

[Letter from Rev. James Fitch. War, I. 10] 

Worshipfull S^ This daye Vnkus is come to vs ; & after he had made a 
longe narrative of his acts offreindship in former dayes to the English & pro- 
fessed tliat he will now in the time of hazarde be the same, & informing vs 
that Pesigus, the Narragansett Sachem, hatli taken Philip's women & children 
& hath vndertaken to keepe them safe while he goes about destroying the 
English, & other things to tliis purpose &c. My answer to Vnkus was, that 
it had beene apparent in dayes of okl that he had beene a freinde ; & though 
some did doubt at this time what he would doe (as he himself obiected) but it 
would presently come to the triall who are freinds & who are foes ; & if he 
would indeed shewe his freindship, I would write to the Governour & 
Councell, that let them propounde & write what they doe desire of him to 
doe at this time, & that they will owne as a reall act of his faithfuUnes, & he 
has before Leivtenant & myself engaged it ; & for tliis purpose have sente 
two of his principall men to you, I having promised that you will reward 
them well for theire iournie. Yesterday I was at Kossisinaman's* towne. 
He & men doe declare the same to me. You may be pleased to consider 
whether its not best with all speede to send your advise to Vnkus & your or- 
der to Kossislnaman, what you do exjiect they shall pr'sently doe as signall 
acts of theire fidellitie to the English. 

Vnkus saith you liaue many Narragansetts living some at Potunk & some 
at Hokkanum &c. and they will proove false to you &c. Many reports doe 
daily come of the loss of the lives of English at Swanzye, at Taunton,— but 
wee knowe you haue more full information of those then we can give ; & I 
being willing w'th all speede to engage a p'tie of Indeans by some reall act of 
hostilitie, have taken this first season to doe it. Indeed when I was lately 
amonge the Pequotts, I doc not oUserue any thing in countenance or behav- 
iour that does give cause of suspicion ; the like I must say concerning these. 



• Robin Caasicinamon, the governor of those Pequots hving west of Mystic River. 



JOURNAL OF THE COUNCIL, &C. 337 

I rather thinke at p''sent that they would take this oportunltie to advance 
themselfs In future w'th the EngHsh ; and yet, if they doubted of the victory 
they would be in hazarde of ioining w'th the strongest. S*^, I shall trouble 
you no further at p''sent. The Lord of hosts is our protection. When he 
hath humbled vs, he will appeare as in dayes of old. 

The reports coming so frequently of Philip's flying armie & of a probabil- 
itie of some coming Into these p'ts, you may be pleased to consider, whether 
it would not doe well to sende 20 or 30 troopers into these pHs to conjoine 
with these Indeans, or, If they be prooved false, yet it would be an awe to 
them. 

Your's to serve, in the worke of the Lord, 

James Fitch. 

To the WorshlpfuU Mr. Allyne, 
at Hartford, These, w'th speede. 



At a meeting of the Councill, July 16, 1675. 
Wm. Leet Esq. Dep. Gou' ; Mr. Sam" Willys, Major John Tall- 
cott, Mr. James Richards, Capt. John Allyn. 

The Councell drew up a letter to Capt. Bull, aduiseing him to leaue 
Lnt. Munson to comand at Saybrooke w"' some forces for the secu- 
rely of that place, and thai he march to New London or Norwich 
&,c., as more at large by the letter (a coppy whereof is on file) may 
appeare ; which the Secrefy was appoynted to signe in the name of 
the Councill. 

[The copy Is in Col. Boundaries, 11. 37. Capt. Bull is ordered to march 
forthwith, with as many forces as can be spared from Saybrook, towards N. 
London, Norwich and Stonlngton, to secure the borders, if any trouble should 
arise by the Narragansetts ; Lieut. Thomas Munson to be left at Saybrook, 
with such force as should be judged needful for the security of that place ; 
Capt. B. is advised to treat with Uncas " respecting how many Indians he 
can raise, and how ready fitted, and upon what warneing to march," and to 
ascertain the cost of their equipment and supplies.] 



At a meeting of the Councill, July 19, 1675. 

Wm. Leet Esq. Dep. Gov' ; Mr. Sam" Willys, Major John Tall- 
cott, Mr. Henry Woolcott, Capt. John Allyn, Mr. James Richards, 
Capt. Benj: Newbery. 

The Councill haueing rece"^ the intelligence of Capt. Winthrop's 
return from Narrogancett, and the articles concluded w"" the Narro- 
gancett sachems, and theirs desire of orders to return home, the 
Councill did draw up two letters ; one to Capt. Winthrop, to order 
Lnt. Nicholas Olmstead w"" those forces w"' him to return ; the other 
letter to Capt. Tho: Bull, to disband those forces at Saybrooke, all 
but 16 or 20 men, &c., as by the coppyes of those letters on file may 
29 



338 JOURNAL OF THE COUNCIL, &C. 

appeare;* which the Secrel'"y was ordered to signe in the name of 
the Councill. 

[Capt. Wait "Winthrop, in command of a company of Connecticut troops, 
had marched into the Narragansett country, and there joined Capt. Hutch- 
inson, with the Massachusetts forces. A treaty was concluded, witli the Nar- 
ragansett sachems, July 15th, at Petaquamscot, (Hubbard's Ind. Wars, 83- 
86 ; Hutchinson's Hist. I. 289, where the articles are inserted.) A letter 
from Capt. Winthrop, to his father, the Governor, dated at " Mr. Smith's, 
Friday at night, July 9th," is in War, Vol. I. Doc. 6, — and gives an account 
of his movements up to that date. He writes that after crossing Pawcatuck 
River, he marched on with his company till he met Ninigret, " near his old 
fort," and held a conference with him. " The burden of his discourse still 
■was about the coate King Charles sent him (which he had then on,) and 
that had engaged his heart to the English ;" he declined however to give 
a hostage as a pledge of his fidelity, but promised to deliver up any of Phil- 
ip's men Avho might come to liim. The same night, Capt. W. reached Peta- 
quamscot, where he heard of the arrival of Capt. Hutchinson's forces, and 
that a conference had that day been held with the Indians ; on the morning 
of the 9th, the troops marched from Petaquamscot to ]Mr. Smith's house, 
where they found Capt. Hutchinson, Capt. Moseley and Mr. Smith, with 
about 120 volunteers from Boston. Capt. W. had about GO of the Pequots 
with him, with Robin and Momoho ; and a company of 60 soldiers, made up 
at Stonington and New London ; he writes that they " are gone back againe, 
this afternoone, to quarter at Jer: Bull's, where there is about 16 of the nei- 
bours, it being a convenient large stone house, with a good ston-wall yard 
before it, which is a kind of small fortyfycation to it. Mr. Mynor and myself 
stay here this night, that we might the more conveniently here what inteli- 
gence is coming," &c. The forces were waiting for orders and instructions 
from the General Courts of Massachusetts and Connecticut, &c.] 



At a meeting of the Councill, July 22, 1675. 

Wm. Leet Esq"", Dep. Gov^; Mr. Sam" Willys, Major John Tall- 
cott, Mr. Henry Woolcott, Mr. James Richards, Capt. John Allyn, 
Capt. Benj: Newbery. 

The Councill ordered the Secretary to wright out coppyes of his 
Ma"" letters to the Hono"'' Com" and to this Colony, both just before 
the Com" came and that other letter afterwards, w"' the Commission- 
ers' Com" from his Ma"°, and coppyes of all those letters we haue 
received from Major Andross and tlie returns that have been made 
to them by the Gen" Court and Magistrates, together with a coppy 
of this following Narative ; which Mr. Ricliards is to enclose to 
Capt. John Richards of Boston, w"' some letters from the Dept. Gov- 
ernor, to be sent to Major Rob' Tompson, whoo we doe request to as- 
sist us, and to moue Major Tompson to assist us in England, ac- 
cording as is desired in those letters sent him from the Dep. Gou'. 

* Neither of these copies has been preserved. 



JOURNAL OF THE COUNCIL, &C. 339 

A briefe acco' or Narative of the rights and set- 
July 22, 1675. tlements of the people of his Ma"=' Colony of Con- 
necticott, whereby his dominions in America 
haue been enlarged, at their proper charge. 

It is well known that the first planters of this remoate wilderness, 
[differing from their brethren in England not in maters of fayth but 
onely in some disciplinary poynts of religionj^ for the honor of God, 
the enlargement of his Ma^'" Dominions, the propagation of the Gos- 
pell amongst the Natiues of this country, [and that they might not give 
offence to their brethren,] as loyall subjects, desired and obtayned the 
good leaue of o'' Soueraigne lord. King Charles the First of blessed 
memory, to transplant themselues ouer the Atlantick ocean into this 
wilderness, (upon their owne proper charge, paying all their just 
dues at their departure,) seeking to obtaine a quiat habitation. In 
persuance of y^ ends afoarsayd, — 

1. After a sad farewell taken of their deare natiue land, freinds 
and relations there, and a long, perilous sea voyage, (through the 
mercies of God) most of the first planters of this Colony arrived at 
Boston, setleing themselues (under the couert of his Ma'"'" Charier 
graciously granted to that his Colony of the Massachusetts,) in the 
adjacent plantations. 

2. They, after a short space, (haueing rec'' good inteligence of the 
comodiousnes of land for improuement upon and about the riuer of 
Conecticutt, which they allso understood to be vnder Charter from 
his Ma"" granted to severall Lords, Kn'' and Gent", who then had as 
they sayd some thoughts of hither comeing to improue, that charter 
being of large extent westward, and had erected a forte and fortifica- 
tions on the west side of Coneclicott River at the mouth or entrance 
thereof, where they placed and mayntayned a garrison,) came and 
built and planted upon this River and westward farther still, pur- 
chassing the right of propriety from the natiues as they went, which 
they stood possessed of, as to land priuiledges or interests whateuer, 
for a price which they demanded and rece"^ to content, and resigned 
up to those first planters and their heirs for ever accordingly. 

3. After this, they were without cause barbarously assaulted, and 
some cruelly murthered, whereupon they were inforced (though very 
weake and strangers in the land,) to vndertake and manage a vin- 
dictiue warr against a nation of Indians that were of most potency 

• This passage and others, in italics, included between brackets, were erased from the amended 
draught, by lines drawn across them. 



340 JOURNAL OF THE COUNCIL, &C. 

in the country ; which warr, (God crowning w"" success,) gaue us 
their country in possession by conquest, a considerable part of which 
victory was performed upon land of their claimed dominions, about 
fifty miles westward from Conecticott Riuer ; and thereupon the 
English did then build and plant, and doe still possess the same. 

4. After this more of o' countreymen comeing over into these more 
western parts of this wilderness (conceiued to be within that Pattent 
limitts,) did purchase of the natiues seuerall tracts for plantations, 
possessed and built upon them so farr as they could obtayn towards 
the Dutch, who then were possessed of the then Manhatans and much 
land adjacent, (who often interupted them at Conecticott, endeauore- 
ing to disposesse them of Conecticott Riuer, and those places they had 
purchased and possest.) Then, we were not able to remoue them nor 
hardly defend o'selues ; and tlicrefore with o"' brethren and neigh- 
bours we accorded and agreed for mutuall succour against the nu- 
merous heathen that dwelt amongst and about us on every side, and 
any other enemies. 

5. Then we comeing to vndei'stand that the forementioned Lords, 
Kn** and Gent" desisted from their intendments to com ouer, Georg 
Fenwick Esq., their agent, sold unto us all the right of that Patent 
for a considerable sum of money, which we payd for the ends to 
assure our loyalty and to make o' foundation or establishment the 
more legall, and for a couert to withstand the Dutch and to gaine 
upon them as we might, for enlargement of his Ma'"' dominions west- 
ward. 

6. Haueing thus farr endeauoured to serve o' God and o' King, 
with loss and hazard of life and estate, and thereby reduced to be a 
poore and an afflicted people, in a remoate wilderness, as sheep with- 
out a shepherd ; for then brake out the unhappy ciuill wars in o'na- 
tiue land, whereby we were hindred from applying ourselucs to our 
Prince for councell or countenance, or better establishment [and con- 

jirmatiov of o'' morrall rights and jvst seltlemenis as afoars^ ; and 
were very voluntary to lender all ciuill subjection to his Ma'^^ and to 
supplicate his act of grace in conjirming to us our Charter for gouer- 
ment, — which may be called an act of grace on his part, and a more 
reall testimonie of duty and loyally on o^ part*'\ and to others then 
in present power we did not make application ; — 

7. But so soone as we heard of his Ma"" happy restoration, we 
imediately applyed ourselues to congratulate the same, e.xpressing 

• The lines between brackets are crossed out, in the corrected draught. 



JOURNAL OF THE COUNCIL, &C. 341 

our loyalty ; and y' we might obtayne y' fuller establishment or re- 
newall of o"^ Charter and just setlements as afoarsayd, wee were vol- 
untary to tender all due subjection to his Ma"% and to supplicate his 
act of grace in reneweing to us o" Charter for gouerment, which was 
an act of grace on his part and a more reall testimonie of duty and 
loyalty on our part. 

8. This humble application of o" the Lord crowned w"' such good 
successe that we found fauoure in his Ma"" eyes and obtayned the 
desired end, viz. o"' Charter renewed, signed and sealed with the 
broad scale, wherein his Ma*"" is graciously pleased to notify and 
own his certaine knowledg and sattisfaction respecting such morall 
grownds and reasons, as abouesayd, him thereunto moueing, ex- 
pressing inV Charier that for and in consideration of the same he so 
grants us a Charter, w"' ample priuiledges, immunities, &c. as are 
therein declared, and of his abundant grace giues us leaue to extend 
beyound what we did then possesse, that so we might in like maner 
obtayne, subdue and plant what might farther be gained from the 
natiues or was not within any former charter granted, that so we 
might go on to enlarge his Ma"" dominions in this part of America 
called New England, which must needs ad to and illustrate the 
crown and dignity of so wise and just a prince, that so by his gra- 
cious remuneration of o"' adventure, charg and industry, o' hearts 
and hands might be strengthened to graple farther with y" difficulties 
of this seuere wildernesse. 

9. Yet notw*''standing some yeares after a charter was brought 
over by Colonell Rich'^ Niccols, when he came to take in the Dutch 
and the Lord Sterling's interest upon Long Island for his Highness 
the Duke of Yorke ; in which charter, some words and expressions 
placed the eastern bounds thereof in the very bowells and principall 
parts of this his Ma"" Colony of Conectieolt ; which case was fully 
debated and both charters presented and pleaded upon, and all that 
could be sayd of both sides was fully considered and determined by 
his Ma"" Honourable Commissioners (the cheife of which was his 
Royal Highnesse's Hon'''' Liuelenant and Gouern'', Coll. Rich: Nic- 
cols,) to whose determination we did submit, though they determined 
our west bownds short of its extent in o"" understandings. Yet they 
disclaymed any intent of his Ma"*" or such sence of words bownding 
the Duke's charter to be put or conceiued so as to take in any part 
of what had been purchassed, possessed or gayned p"" us or o"^ asso- 
ciates, saying that that might cast dishono" upon his Ma"*, &;c. 
Hereupon we sate down under their voluntary determination, though 

29* 



6-i2 JOURNAL OF THE COUNCIL, &.C. 

to o' disaduaniage ; which decission they gaue us in writeing under 
their hands, together with a coppy of y' commission and power to 
effect and doe in such matters as bownds of charters, vnder the broad 
seale. AUso, in short space after. Col. Niccols sent o'' Secretary a 
coppy of his Ma'"^ letter to his sayd Com", manifesting his good ac- 
ceptance of theire doeings in gen", and so includeing this decision of 
y" ; and we may here ad his Ma"" gracious letter unto o"^ Gouerno' and 
Councill, testifying his well pleasedness w'"" o*^ duty full reception and 
complyance w"*" his sayd commissioners; all which are upon record. 

Lastly, as if Major Edmund Andross, his Highness the Duke of 
Yorke his Gouernour in America, had by his ovvne hand and at his 
owne hazard and cost effected o" establishment foremeritioned, — as if 
he had built and planted us, — he now demands the possession and 
injoyment of all that is considerable in this Colony ; or rather, as if 
he would ouerturne what hath been thus settled, by clayming the 
gouerment of us, in seuerall letters from York, wherein though he 
acknowkdgeth his acquaintance w''' o"' Charter, the validity of it, and 
that it ought not to be invaded, and his privity to what the commis- 
sioners did in setleing the bownds, &c. yet he is pleased to affirm 
that o"" charter [hath no west bownds by the sea and thereby giveth 
lean] must giue way to the Duke's charter, which is an after grant 
to ours, and y' it must take place to the west side of Conecticott 
Riuer ; and thither doth demand a rendition of all those places into 
his hands, protesting against all in authority here, that if they delay 
or obstruct therein, they be refractory, disobedient, slighters of his 
Ma"" Letters Patents, and that we shall bear all costs that may come, 
&c., and that o' obstinacie is rebellion and we rebells. 

To which high handed dealings answer was made in seuerall let- 
ters from o"^ Gen" Court and Magistrates, signifying to him o' right 
to y' place we possess and for his Ma'" do govern, by o' Charter 
right, with our resolution to hold what his Ma''" had so graciously 
graunted to us. 

Notw"'standing which the sayd Major Andross in person, w''' two 
vessells, on the 8"" day of July instant, with considerable number of 
men and armes, attempted to land in one of o"^ cheife portes, viz. at 
Saybrooke, (on y* west side of Conecticutt riuer, a place v\ '^ we have 
possessed and secured at o'owne great charge, neer fourty yeares;) 
but by reason we had raysed forces to secure that as well as other 
places of this Colony for his Ma'" against the Indians, which were 
then upon the place, he was prevented of possessing himselfe of that 
place ; and his vessells are still hovering thereabout, so that we to 



JOURNAL OF THE COUNCIL, &C. 343 

o' great charge and trouble doe and must mayntaine a garrison there 
to prevent his invassion. And his sollicitude hath been such by 
messenger after messenger, that it is to the constant disquiet of his 
Ma''" good subjects here, and much unlike the neighbourhood we 
enjoyed from the Hon'''* Collonell Niccols and Collonel Louclace, his 
predecessors, whose regiment of those parts and approbation of our 
gouerment we neuer heard was displeasing to his Royall Highness 
the Duke of Yorke, as now it is to Major Andross. By reason 
whereof we are necessitated to inform these things, and humbly 
to request an order from y° King's Majesty to s'' Major Andross, 
that for future he forbear such demands and attempts ; that so his 
Ma"" subjects here may injoy as hitherto their charter p''veledge and 
bownds so setled by the Commissioners, who had speciall commission 
from his Ma''' so to doe, and is allready approued by his Ma"% (his 
Highness' Charter then, as now, being bownded east in the letter of 
it, and ours, farther west than New Yorke ;) that so all former setle- 
ments, in the maintenance of which we conceiue no litle part of his 
Ma"" justice and honour consisteth, be not frustrated, nor his poore 
subjects after the expense of many thousands of pownds for their 
setlements as afoars', be put to endless contests w"" their neighbours 
of Yorke, and thereby impoverished, for want of the fruition of 
o"' setlement,* after so long and peaceable enioym'. The disturbance 
whereof, to so great dissatisfaction and greif of his loyall subiects in 
this Colony, Major Andros can neuer make up the King's damage 
thereby, by his p''tended seruice to his Royal Highness, — vnto whose 
interest adiacent (as we have) so we may be very beneficiall by 
o' amicable neighbourhood, in future as in former times. 



Hartford, July 24, 1675. 

Wm. Leete Esq., Dep' Gov'; Mr. Sam" Willys, Major John 
Tallcott, Mr. Henry Woolcott, Capt. John Allyn, Mr. James 
Richards. 

There appeareing no present opportunity to send for England from 
Boston, and there being one now bownd from N. York, it was ordered 
by the Councill that the former Narative, with the coppyes of Let- 
ters that haue past between Major Andross [and] this Colony, be 
sent by the way of New York if it may be ; and the letter now pre- 

• What follows appears to have been subsequently added, and is in the hand writing of Gov. 
Leete. 



344 JOURNAL OP THE COUNCIL, &C. 

pared for Major Rob' Thompson that desires his assistance and help- 
fullness to us, that it be signed by the Secret'^y in the name of the 
Councill and sent unto him. And allso James Steel was ordered 
to goe to Stand ford to cary the letters and pacquett for Major Tomp- 
son unto Capt. Jonath: Silleck, who is appointed by the Councill to 
convey them unto New York and deliuer them unto the master of 
the ship, according to the directions giuen him in the letter from the 
Councill, which the Secref^y was ordered to signe in their name. A 
coppy of which letter, with that to Major Thompson, is on file. 

[The copy of the Council's letter " to the Hon. Major Robert Thompson 
Esq., at Newington Green, near London," is in Col. Boundaries, 11. 38. 
They " request his help in a matter of concernment." i^i'ter refen-ing him 
to accompanying papers, for a full understanding of the recent difficulties 
with Gov. Andros, they write ; " What we at present hope at, is a word in 
due season to prevent ineonveniency. We haue reason to beleive (by sd. 
Major Andros his actions,) that to secure himselt'e, bee must be necessitated 
to misrepresent vs and our actions ; and the more speedy he is, he may judge 
most for his advantage, to prejudieate the case before what we have to say 
comes to hand. And therefore, tho y" Honored Jno. Winthrop Esq. intends 
a voiage for England, by whome, if Gotl give oppertunity, we shall be more 
large, yet not knowing what delay or disapointm' may bee, wee are willing to 
hast this away before hand to yo'selfe, concerning whome we haue good con- 
fidence of both abillity and faithfullnes in manageing what we here comltt to 
you, w"'' is indeed to doe yC vtmost for p' venting soe great hazard as the 
looseing y whole of our rights and priviledges in this wilderness," &c. * * 
" AVe need say the less, because by our request the Hon''"' Dep'^' Governour 
Wm. Leete Esq. hath by this written to yourselfe, more at large." * * * 
" The Narrative was drawn in hast for your owne private vse and some spe- 
tiall freinds that will only make vse of what may be for our good, and excuse 
what may seeme not soe convenient ; yet we bind not your hands from im- 
proveing it for our best advantage, as occasion serves."] 



A MEETING OF THE CoUNCILL, AuG. 2d, 1675. 

John Winthrop Esq. Gov'^ ; Mr. Sam' Willys, Major John Tall- 
cott, Mr. Henry Woolcott, Mr. James Richards, Capt. John Allyn, 
Capt. Ben: Newbery. 

The Council ordered that those forces who have been continued at 
Saybrook which com from the sea side be disbanded, and that Capt. 
Tho: Bull doe return to Saybrooke, and that he take w"' him two men 
from Hartford, two from Wethersfeild and two from Midleton, and 
take so many out of some other of the plantations as may make up 
ten ; and the Secretary is appoynted to grant an order to the sayd 
Capt. Bull to rayse so many men according to this order, w"" sufficient 
armes and amunition for tho securely of the plantation of .' aybrooke, 
and to command all constables to assist him in the impressing the sayd 
men and armes and amunition as afoarsayd, and the sayd Capt. Tho: 
Bull is, w^*" those men, according to his former com", to secure the 



JOURNAL OF THE COUNCIL, &C. 845 

sayd plantation ; as allso to examin all such vessells as shall com in 
and out of that port, to give you an account of their occasions, and if 
you find them by their answer to com to y^ prejudice of this colony 
or that part, you are to doe your utmost endeauour to prevent the 
same. 

The Councill haueing received a letter from Joshua, wherein he 
desires that his gunns may be deliuered up to him, and findeing him 
very ready to be ordered by the English, doe judg it convenient that 
his gunns be deliuered up to him, and doe appoynt the Secretary to 
write to Mr. Chapman to deliuer the gunns accordingly to him. 

Vncass moueing the Councill to haue his grandson remoued from 
Hartford to Norwich, pretending the young man's loathness to con- 
tinue so far from his relations, and engageing that he will goe to 
Norwich and there setle by Mr. Fitch's, or as he and L"' Mason shall 
appoynt, and not remoue w'^'out their order, the Secrefy is ordered 
to certify Mr. Fitch that the Councill haue condesended to Vncass 
his request, and that himselfe w"* L"' Mason are desired to take care 
of the young man, and that Vncass hath engaged his continuance 
there. 

The Councill in answer to a letter of Major Winthrop's, of July 
26, past, returned to him that in case the Indians doe bring in heads 
to him of the enemie, they should be payd for according to the 
agreem' made w"" them at the Narrogancett ; and allso in case any 
assault should be made upon that county of N. London, he was re- 
quested to take the command of the Militia, and martiall and dispose 
of the same the best way he could for the defence of the same, and 
was commissionated accordingly, as by the coppy of the letter on file 
will appeare ; which was ordered to be signed by the Secretary, in 
the name of the Councill, and to be sent to him forthwith. 



A MEETING OF THE CoUNCILL, AuGUST 5'", 1675, ABOUT 1 IN THE 

MORNING. 

John Winthrop Esq. Gov' ; Mr. Sam" Willys, Major John Tallcott, 
Capt. John Allyn, Mr. James Richards, Mr. Richard Lord. 

The Councill haueing rece'^ the intelligence of the surprisall of 
Quabauge by the Indians, by a letter from Major Pynchon, whoe 
allso desires speedy ayd from us for the releife of themselues and 
Quabaug, they ordered the rayseing of fowreteen men in Hartford 
and 14 at Windsor and 12 at Wethersfeild ; which were accordingly 



346 JOURNAL OF THE COUNCIL, &;C. 

raysed and sent, under the conduct of L"' Thomas Watts, to Spring- 
feild, w"" this foUoweing commission : — 

To L'" Thomas Watts : — These are in his Ma"^ name to require 
you to take under your conduct such forces as shall be raysed at 
Wethersfeild and Windsor and this towne, and lead them to Major 
John Pynchon, (who are commanded to obey you as their L"' ;) and 
you are to joyne with such forces as are there for the securety of 
those towiies, and to pass to Quabaug if there be occasion ; and you 
are to use your utmost care and skill in defending yourselues and 
those places from the force of the enemie, and to doe what in you 
lyeth to otTend and destroy the enemie by all fitting wayes and 
meanes, according to such instructions and directions as you shall 
receive from the sayd Major Pynchon ; and for soe doeing this is 
your sutBcient warrant. This to be signed p'' the Secretly in the 
name of the Councill. 

The Councill allso drew up a letter to Major Pynchon, glueing 
him the intelligence we received from Mr. Fitch of the procedure of 
the army and the acco' of what men we sent up, with desire they 
would accomadate them with prouission suitably, &c. as by the coppy 
of the letter on the file will appeare ; which the Sec'y was ordered 
to signe in the name of the Councill. 

In answer to letters from Mr. Fitch* of Norwich, the Councill 
writt to Mr. Fitch, L"' Mason and L"' Auery, to encourage the Mo- 
heagans to goe forthwith out after the Indians of Phillip's company ; 
and that Robbin Cassacinamon and Mawmohoe repaire to those Eng- 
lish that are in the pursuit of the Indians, and assist them what they 
can. A coppy of which letter is on file ; and the Secrefy was 
ordered to signe it in the name of the Councill. 



At a meeting of the Councill, August 6, 1675. 

John Winthrop Esq. Govr ; Major John Tallcott, Mr. Henry Wool- 
cott, Capt. John Allyn, Mr. James Richards, Mr. Ricii'' Lord, Capt. 
Benj: Newbery, Mr. John Wadsworth. 

The; Indians still proceeding in theire hostill attempts [against] the 
Englisii, it is ordered by the Councill that in the county of Hartford 
there sliall be raysed one hundred dragoones, to be in readiness upon 
an bower's warning for a march ; whoe are to haue their armes 
well fixed and fitted for seruice. To be raysed, out of Hartford, 
twenty five ; out of Windsor, twenty fiue ; out of Wethersfield, 
twenty; out of Farmington, fifteen ; out of Midleton, fifteen. The 

•See page 33G, ante. Tlie copy of the Uouiicirs letter, in reply, is not preserved. 



JOURNAL OF THE COUNCIL, &.C. 347 

officers are Capt. Newbery, John Standly Lnt., Nath' Standly 
Ens: 

It is ordered that there be forthwith raysed in the county of New 
Haven, sixty dragoons, to be in readiness for a march, with their 
armes and ammunition compleat, upon an bower's warning ; the 
Assistants of that county to proportion the numbers to be raysed in 
each plantation, and to appoynt the commanders, a Liuetenant, En- 
signe and 2 Sarj". It is desired the small plantations be considered 
and favoured, in the press.* 

It is allso ordered that there be forthwith raysed in the County of 
Fayrefeild, seuenty dragoones, to be in readiness for a march with 
their armes and ammunition compleat, upon an bower's warning ; 
Major Gold and the Com" of that county or so many of them as shall 
meet together, to proportion the numbers to be raysed in each planta- 
tion, and to appoynte a Lnt., Ens: L.nd twu Sarj" for the company. 

The Providence of God permitting the heathen to make disturb- 
ance amongst the English by hostill attempts upon them, hath occa- 
sioned forces allready to be sent forth, and brings a necessity upon 
us to take speciall order therefore that all persons be duely prepared 
and prouided with armes and ammunition according to law ; and 
therefore upon this urgent and necessitous occasion the Councill hath 
seen speciall reason to declare and order that all those whoe are to 
prouide armes and ammunition according to law, \m,eet\ on Munday 
morning next by sun an bower high at the meeting house in their 
respectiue plantations, upon the penalty of the forfeiture of fiue shil- 
lings for non-appearance, there to attend such farther directions as 
shall be giuen them in charge by their comanders. 



John Winthrop Esq. Gov'; Mr. Sam" Willys, Major Jn° Tallcott, 
C. John Allyn, Mr. James Richards, Mr. Richard Lord. 

The Councill mett August 8"|, and in answer to a letter then race'* 
from Major Pynchon, drew up an answer and ordered it to be signed 
in the name of the Councill, the coppy whereof is on file. 

• The copy of a letter to the Assistants of New Haven and Fairfield Counties, (dated, Aug. 
9th,) is in War Papers, I. Doc. 1 1. b. It informs them that forty-one men had been sent from 
Hartford, Windsor and Wethersfield, towards auabaug, and along with them, thirty Indians ; 
but no tidings liad yet been received from them, by the Council, The orders of the Council for 
raising dragoons (as above,) were inclosed. The letter communicates such intelligence of the 
movements of the enemy, as had been received ; and mentions the good service of the Mohe- 
gans and Fequots. 



348 JOURNAL OF THE COUNCIL, &C. 

[War, I. Doc. 11, d.] 
Hon'"'^ S'. — Yours of tlie 7''' instant we have received, & are doubtfull that 
the Indians intelligence of Philip's being at Ashquoach is not so certain as to 
be credited, by what inteligence we rec"' from Mr. Smith & Mr. Stanton : an 
extract of each of their letters you will receive herewith. The Pequot In- 
dians are gon forth & with them some English & Mohegan forces after Phil- 
lip's Indians. There came two Mohegans from the camp, av''' sundry heads 
or scalps, — two whereof they bestowed upon the English & two to the In- 
dians ; they allso give the same acco' concerning Phillip's company as we 
formerly heard, viz : that they were parted, part gon up to Quabaug & part 
gon towards Narrogancett. We hope that the forces sent to Quabaug will 
be sufficient to c^uit the enemie from Quabauge, & to secure or bring off" those 
that are left there, which was the only present end we sent them for. And 
we understand that Capt. Mosely, on Wednesday last, with 60 men, cam out 
of Boston & went to Capt. Hincksman, at Wabawquassicke, whoe are in the 
pursuit of them ; besides those English that are gon out of Norwich with 
Lm Browne & about 80 Pequots & some Moheegins, the post says, about one 
hundred, we hope will this day be upon the enemie, and be sufficient to doe 
what is needfuU there. We find it difficult to know how to send advise to 
the armie at a distance ; yet shall giue them the best information we can, by 
sending what we heare from you ; & doubt not they will be prudent in their 
management, and persue the enemie, and doe them the greatest prejudice 
they can. We are preparing forces to be ready for this designe, according 
as we shall receive inteligence to be improved. We allso heare on Fryday 
last, Ninicraft sent out 200 men against the Phillip"^ We desire to hear 
what inteligence comes to hand, as speedily as may bee. This is all, at pres- 
ent, from, Hon'*' S"^, Your affectionate freinds, &c. 

As allso a letter to Capt. Daniel Hincksman was drawn up, en- 
courageing him to continue in the persuitof the enemie and to coun- 
tenance and encourage the Pequotts and Mohegins therein, which 
was ordered to be signed by the Secretary in the name of the Coun- 
cill ; a coppy thereof is on file.* 

Allso a letter was prepared for Mr. Richard Smith, in answer to 
one of his to the Governo', concerning som prisoners that were in 
Sucquance his charge, and signed p"" the Secretary p^ order of the 
Councill, a coppy whereof is on file. 



A MEETING OF THE CoUNCILL, AUGUST 9, 1675. 

John Winthrop Esq., Gov' ; Mr. Sam" Willys, Major Jn° Tallcott, 
Mr. Henry Woolcott, Capt. Jn" Allyn, Mr. James Richards, Mr. 
Rich"^ Lord. 

A letter was drawn up to Major Pynchon, signifying to him that 
we had sent Joshua with about thirty men, to be improued by him 
according as he should receiue intelligence, as they might be most 
advantageous for the pub: good, which was signed by the Secret'y in 
ye name of the Councill ; a coppy whereof is on file. 

* Copy of letter to Capt. Henchman, in War, 1. 11, a. 



JOURNAL OF THE COUNCIL, &C. 349 

[War, Vol. I. Doc. 11, c] 

Hartford, Aug. 9, 1675. 
Hon'''* S^ — Want of inteligence puts us to a loss what to doe. AVe are in 

E reparation for raysing forces, and this day are busy in pressing men for to 
e improved as occasion shall require. Joshua comeing to us this day & 
franckly tendering us his service W" 30 men or upwards, & longing to be im- 
proved, we have thought meet to send them to yourselfe and desire according 
as you receive inteligence, so to improve them to y'' best advantage you may 
against the comon enemie. It may doe very well if you can send out some 
few men w''' them to conduct them to o'' armie, least the English should unad- 
visedly fall upon them. We stand a tiptoe for intelligence, & earnestly de- 
sire as any comes to your hand it may be posted away to us. The good Lord 
send us good newes, and direct you & us in wayes well pleasing in his sight ! 
Which is all at present from, S', your affectionate freinds, the Councill of 
Connecticut. Signed &c. 

Upon 2d thoughts, we doe not know what to say to sending a fewe men 
w"" the Indians, without you heare newes that may encourage. If none goe 
w"" them, some signe or some thing to make some markes by which they may 
be distinguished, may do well. AVe leaue it wholly with you. 
For Major John Pynchon, These, at Springfeild. 



August 10, at Night. 
The Councill ordered the Marshall to goe to Springfeild to enquire 
after the Indians there that went forth with o'^ army, and to encour- 
age them in the prosecution of the enemie. 

[Copy of Instructions to Marshal Gilbert (dated Aug. 10th, past 9, at 
night,) is in War, I. 12. He was directed to go to Springfield, with all con- 
venient speed, to meet with the Indians who had been with the army at Qua- 
baug ; " to enquire after their welfare and see how it is with hem," and " that 
they be well provided lor, and that they receive no affront from any English ;" 
he was also to inform the Indians that their readiness to go forth with the 
army, their valor and manhood, and the proofs they had given of fidelity to 
the English, had been well taken by the Governor and Magistrates ; and 
finally, he was " to encourage them by such good words as [he should] judge 
most suteable, & if [he could] procure some liquors, to give every one a 
dram."] 

A letter to Major Pynchon was prepared to moue him to encour- 
age and provide well for the Indians &c. a coppy whereof is on file, 
which was signed by the Secretary in the name of the Councill. 



A MEETING OF THE CoUNCILL, AxJGUST 11, 1675. 

John Winthrop Esq. Gov"" ; Mr. Sam" Willys, Major Jn° Tallcott, 
Mr. Henry Woolcot, Capt. John Allyn, Mr. James Richards, Mr. 
John Wadsworth. 

Upon the receipt of a letter from Mr. James Fitch, the Councill 
drew up an answer thereto, aduiseing the Pequots to return or to be 
30 



350 JOURNAL OF THE COUNCIL, &C. 

wary in going amongst the English, least through inaduertency they 
should receiue some damage ; as p" the coppy of the letter on file, 
signed p' the Secretary, will more fully appeare. 

Major John Winthrop, by a letter to the . Governo', moueing to 
haue aduice what to doe in case the enemie should be neer them, the 
Councill drew up an answer to the same, and ordered the Secretary 
to signe it in their name ; which letter is on file. 



A MEETING OF THE CoUNCILL, IN HaRTFORD, AuGUST 12, 1675. 

John Winthrop Esq. Gov'; Mr. Sam" Wiilys, Major John Tall- 
cott, Mr. Henry Woolcott, Capt. John Allyn, Mr. James Richards, 
Mr. John Wadsworth. 

Major John Pynchon acquainting us that he is alone and wants 
aduice what to doe in this juncture, for his assistance and incour- 
agement in the present occasion we haue thought meet and do ac- 
cordingly commissionate and send up Major John Tallcott to the s^ 
Major John Pynchon, to joyne with him and such others as he shall 
take with him in Councill, to consult what may be most aduantage- 
ous for the present designe against the Indians, and to moue and act 
therein according as may be most aduiseable. And it is o' desire 
that the Indians sent from us be incouraged and improued as there 
shall be good occasion for them. 

Instructions for Major John Tallcott. 

Major Tallcott ; You receive herewith your com" to goe up to 
Springfeild to consult w"' Major John Pynchon, and to consider and 
determine what maybe most aduiseable for the management of the 
present designes against the Indians; and we doe leaue it with you 
to moue and act therein according as you with Major Pynchon shall 
judg most adviseable. And you may goe forth with the army if you 
see cause, and it will be acceptable to us. Howeuer, if you should 
see reason not to goe, we doe desire you would howeuer visit o"' soul- 
diers sent forth from hence, and encourage them and the Indians to 
proceede in the designe against the enemie, if it shall be so deter- 
mined. But if there be no occasion and need for them to go forth 
and no necessity for their continuance otherwise, hasten them home. 
We desire you take tenn dragoones with you for your guard, fiue out 
of Windsor and fiue out of Hartford. 

If Major Pynchon and you shall judg it safe to pass to Albany, 
we looke upon it good to send to the Gent" there for inteligence how 
the Indians stand effected, and to desire them to attaque such of o"' 
enemies as shall pass into those parts, and to encourage the Indians 
to doe the same ; to which purpose you may joyne with him in a let- 
ter. The Secret'y to signe these in the name of the Councill, and 
the Com" aboue. 



JOURNAL OF TH& COUNCIL, &C. 351 

August 17, 1675. A meeting of the Councill, in Hartford. 

John Winthrop Esq. Gov"^ ; Mr. Sam" Willys, Major John Tallcott, 
Mr. Henry Woolcott, Capt. John Allyn, Mr. James Richards, Capt. 
Benj: Newbery, Mr. John Waclsworth. 

The Councill haueing rece*^ a letter from Mr. Fitch informeing 
that 120 of the Nipmuck Indians were coming to resigne up them- 
selues to Vncass with their famalys, the Councill ordered that those 
Nipmuck Indians should be disarmed ; that if Uncas enterteined any 
of those Indians that had embrued their hands in the English blood 
or had been in open hostility against the English and let them escape 
they would be required at liis hands; as more at large by the letter 
on file will appear; — which the Secrefy was appoynted to sign in 
the name of the Councill. 



August 18, 1675. 

The Councill being mett again upon the 18 of August which were 
assembled on the 17, and considered the present state of affayres, — 

Ordered, that in regard of the present emerging occasions of this 
Colony by reason of the insolencies of the natiues and their present 
hostility against the English, it is judged requisit that as many of the 
Assistants as can with conveniencie doe continue at Hartford, to 
assist in the management of the occasions of the Colony as occasion 
shall require. And in regard the Secrefy was by appoyntment of 
the Gen" Court to attend as Com" the next meeting at Boston, it is 
judged requisit to, and he is hereby discharged from his attendance 
as Com' the next meeting of the Com"'' at Boston. And the Hon"''' Gou- 
erno"" John Winthrop Esq. is hereby desired and impowered to attend 
as Com"" w"" Mr. James Richards ; and they are fully impowered to 
act as Com"^' in behalfe of this Colony, according to the articles of 
confederation. 



At a meeting of the Councill in Hartford, August 19, 1675. 

John Winthrop Esq. Gov' ; Mr. Sam" Willys, Major John Tall- 
cott, Mr. Henry Woolcott, Capt. John Allyn, Mr. John Wadsworth. 

In regard of the present commotions that are amongst the Indians 
and the hostility they are useing against the English, destroyeing of 
them by fire and sword, that they may not be prouided and supplyed 



352 JOURNAL OF THE COUNCIL, &C. 

with ammunition, by vertue of power from the Generall Court re- 
ceiued, It is ordered by the Councill that what person soeuer in this 
Colony, male or female, shall directly or indirectly sell, barter, giue 
or lend any gun, great or small, powder or lead, to any Indian or 
Indians, he shall be lyable to pay a fine often pownds for euery gun 
or pownd of powder or lead so sold, or suffer six moneths imprison- 
ment, as the respectiue County Courts shall determine, and so pro- 
portionably for euery greater or lesser quantity. This order to 
stand till the Generall Court shall order otherwise. 



At a meeting of the Councill, Hartford, August 20, 1675. 

Wm. Leete Esq. Dep Gov' ; Mr. Sam" Willys, Major John Tall- 
cot, Capt. John Allyn, Mr. James Richards. 

The Councill ordered the Secretary to send a letter in their name 
to Major Treat and Capt Nash, to hasten them up to assist in councill 
upon the present emergent occasions of the country ; and allso to 
desire that there may be biskit prepared at New Hauen and Milford, 
a thowsand in each place, if it may be ; if not so much, then what 
can be prouided ; and that Mr. Bryant be desired to assist and take 
care about the same. 



At a meeting of the Councill, held at Hartford, August 24., 

1675. 
Wm. Leet Esq. Dep. Gov"; Major John Tallcott, Mr. Henry 
Woolcott, Capt. John Allyn, Major Rob' Treat, Capt. Jn°Nash, Capt. 
Ben: Newbery, Mr. John Wadsworth. 

Joshua's Commission : — 
Joshua ;* — The Councill (takeing notice of your readiness to be 
seruiceable to the English in the present warr against Phillip and 
all others that haue done them wroung, and in confidence and ex- 
pectation of your future readiness and fidelity therein,) doe hereby 
alow and commissionate you againe to go out upon the same acco', to 
doe your best against all such, and perliculerly in persuance of a 
party of tl)ose Indians formerly with Phillip, now gone downward 
toward Norwich ; and if you can seiz them, they are to remayne 
under your safe custody till farther order from us. But you must 
know that if any of them haue been in open hostillity against the 

• Otherwise, Attawamhood ; Sachem of the Western Niantics. He wag the third son of 
Uncas. 



JOURNAL OF THE COUNCIL, &C. 353 

English and haue imbrued their hands in English blood or other- 
wayes damnifyed them, if you suffer any such to escape, or doe not 
secure them when they com within your power, they will be required 
at your hands. And all their gunns, amies and ammunition is to be 
taken from them and put into some English Com" handes, not to be 
deliuered without order from the Councill or Gen" Court. You are 
allso to confine all the persons not to moue beyound such limitts as 
may be aduised by some English authority, vpon their perill ; that 
so you may the better haue them at command and giue acco' of their 
carriage and motions. 

A letter was prepared for Major John Pynchon, to desire his con- 
siderations what was further to be done in the persuance of the ene- 
mie, &c. as will appeare by the coppy of the letter on file. The 
s"* letter was signed by the Sec''y p' order of the Councill. 

[The copy of tlie Council's letter has not been preserved. The following 
letter from Major Pynchon, " rec' Aug. 24th," is in War, I. 14.] 

Spr[Ingfield] Aug. 22: 75. 

Capt. John Allyn. S'', In y night a Post was sent me from Hadley, that 
C" forces are returned ; Capt. Wats thitlier, & the Bay forces to Qvabaug. 
Nothing done but about 50 wigwams they found etapty w'^'' they haue burnt. 
They write from Hadly they expect nothing but y'' enymy to insult & fall upon 
y remote Townes ; that they are in great feares ; a guard of 20 left at Sqva- 
keak* is too weak ; some of yo'^ soldiers left at Pacomsuck, Capt. Wats speaks 
of calling off, w^'' trebles y'" g' tly ; suspect o"^ Indians y' went out to be feare- 
full or false or both ; say y' y"= sheepe at Sqvakeake are driven away senee 
y= soldiers were there ; suspect y" enymy to be betweene Pladly & Sqva- 
keak, at Paqvayag, about 10 mile from y" Grt River. I am sending to Capt. 
Wats to stay w"' his forces there : I would gladly you would allow it & give 
further order about it ; as y- they may make discovery for y^ enymy at 
y« place forenamed. The Indians you formerly writt off comeing in to 
Vncas, it must be seriously considered whether none that are murderers of 
y'' English be among them, & such must be deliv'd vp. I pray God direct 
you & vs, & be o"' salvation. Comunecate advice & councell as you may judo-e 
needfull. They much desire y p'sence of some principall man at Hadly to 
direct, as need req's, & to exj^idite affairs. Yo" in y'^ L'd Jesus, 

John Pynchon. 

Momonto thinks y* Indian enymy may be in a swamp called Momattanick, 
about 3 mile off Paqvayyag, between Hadly & Sqvakeak ; it is pitty but they 
should be disrested ; & yo' Indians will be y"^ most likely to doe something. 
I pray give further orders about Capt. Wats, & if Major Talcot might be 
^ih yiTj^ J jjope it w'ld turne to good. 

\_Directed,'] These, For Mr. John Allyn, at Hartford. Hast, Post Hast. 

The Councill order that the Treasurer take care that 3000 of 
bread be forthwith prouided, for the present designs against the In- 
dians. 

AuGrUST 25, 1675. 
The Councill being informed of the English of Hadley and North- 
ampton's purpose to disarm their Indians forcibly, fearing least it 

* Squakeag ; Northfield, Mass. 

30* 



354 JOURNAL OF THE COUNCIL, &C. 

might proue to be provoakeing or discourageing to o' Indian neigh- 
boures, haue seen cause, by a letter to Major Pynchon, to aduice 
him that the disarming of the Indians in a forcible manner be for- 
borne, at least for the present ; which letter was signed p"^ the Secrefy 
in the name of the Councill. 

A letter to Mr, James Fitch was drawn up, to desire him to giue 
us the inteligence how Vncass hath disposed of the Nipmug Indians 
that were sayd to be com in to him, and allso to desire what farther 
inteligence is w* him, &c. as p" the coppy of the letter on file will 
be seen ; which was signed by the Secrefy in the name of the 
Councill. 

Upon the sad news of the Indians of Norwottogs falling out and 
assaulting the English of those plantations, the Councill ordered that 
there should be sent up twenty dragoones under the command of 
Georg Graue, to assist those plantations in the defence of them 
against the enemie. 

They allso writ lettsrs to Mr. Joanes and Mr Bishop and to Major 
Gold, to send up those dragoones that are prest formerly in those coun- 
tyes, to be at Hartford upon Satturday next ; as by the letters on file, 
signed by the Secrefy in the name of the Councill, will appeare. 

Allso, the Councill made choys of Major Rob' Treate to goe out 
Commander in Cheife of those forces that are to goe out in the next 
expedition agaynst the enemie. 



A MEETING OF THE CoUNCILL HELD AT HaRTFORD, AuGUST 26, 

1675. 

Wm. Leete Esq. Dept. Gov"'; Major John Tallcott, Capt. Jn" 
Allyn, Capt. John Nash, Capt. Ben: Newbery, Mr. John Wadsworth. 

A letter to Major John Pynchon was prepared and sent to him to 
giue him notice that we had sent twenty dragoones to assist the plan- 
tations of Norwottog in the defending of them against the enemie ; 
and to desire them to procure what bread they may for the designe 
against the Indians; as the letter on file, signed by the Secrefy, will 
farther make appeare. 

The Councill ordered that the dragoones in the county of Hartford, 
formerly impressed to be ready at an bower's warning for a march, 
that they be ready fixed to march upon Satturday next, if order be 
to march then ; if noe farther order come that then they be ready to 
march and be at Hartford on Munday next by nine of the clock at 
the farthest. 



JOURNAL OF THE COUNCIL, &C. 355 

Capt, Newbery being of the Councill and his attendance being 
necessary is released from his attendance as Capt. of the dragoones 
that are to goe out of the county of Hartford, and L°' Nicholas 01m- 
steed is appoynted their Captaine. 

The sorrovvfull apprehension of the tremendous dispensation of 
the Most High against His wilderness people, in sending forth his 
sword into the land, by lengthening the sword's commission and 
bloweing upon the designes of the English soe many wayes and in 
such diuers maners, by most awfull circumstances and amazing 
passages of awakening providences, discouering the sad frownes of 
God against the land and that surely God is greatly provoaked vnto 
anger by o" great neglects of y' Gospel of Ch', decay of love to God 
and one another, grievous sensuality and great unrighteousnes, and 
too much unaffectednes under y° heavy hand of God, — the which 
calls alowd at this day to weeping and mourning and sackcloath 
and ashes, that we giue ©""selues unto prayer, and indeed rend o' hearts 
and turn to the Lord, that he might turn from the feirceness of his 
anger that we perish not, — the exceeding great weight of the matter 
hath moued the Councill, in conscience of duty to God, to recom- 
mend that a course of seekeing the Lord by Humiliation, Prayer and 
soule affliction might be obserued thorowout this Colony in each 
county in all their townes, the same 4"" day of the weeke monthly, 
till farther order ; that we might pour out o"' soules like water before 
the Lord, earnestly intreating that God would at last discouer the 
Achan that troubles Israeli, and effectually purg it out ; that he 
might yet go forth w"' our armies and his own right hand may make 
peace in the land, guideing, blessing and saucing his poore people, 
euen as the very matter may require. To begin in New Haven Coun- 
ty, Sepf the first, next ; in Fayrefeild County, Sept" 8th ; in New 
London County, Sepf 15 ; and in Hartford County, Sept' 22'*, &c. 

August 27, 1675. 

The Councill being againe mett, proceeded. 

The Reuerend Mr. John Whitting is nominated and desired to goe 
forth w"" o' army, to be minister unto them, to assist them in preach- 
ing, prayer, councill and exortation, (fee. 

The Councill receiueing a letter from Mr. James Fitch of Nor- 
wich, certifying that about 111 of Phillip's men, women and children 
were taken by the Wabawquassock Indians, and that L"' Mason, 
w*"" strength both of English and Indians, were gon forth to fetch 
them in ; and desireing that he may be advised how they should be 



356 JOURNAL OF THE COUNCIL, &C. 

disposed of, if God succeed ; the Council! did return that they judged 
it most aduiseable to send them to Boston, if they be brought, to be 
disposed (as the justice of the case shall require,) by the Commis- 
sion" ; as more at large will appeare by the coppy of the letters on 
file, signed p' the Sec''y in the name of the Councill. 

Sam" Marshall is appoynted Ensigne of y' Dragoones of Hartford 
County. 



At a meeting of the Councill, August 28, 1675. 

Wm. Leel Esq. Dept. Gov'; Major John Tallcot, Mr. Henry 
Woolcott, Capt. John Allyn, Capt. John Nash, Capt. Benj: Newbery, 
Mr. John VVadsworth. 

The Councill wrot a letter to the Gent" of Northampton, desireing 
them to gayne what inteligenco they could of the haunts and lurking 
places of the enemie ; as allso to provide what bread and provissions 
they could, for the supply of the army, if the prouidence of God 
should direct our march that way ; as p"' the letter on file may more 
at large appeare, which is signed p'' the Secrefy by order of the 
Councill. 

A letter to Major Pynchon was prepared to aduise against the 
disarming of the Indians at Springfeild, but rather to moue them to 
take hostages for the securely of the fidelity of their Indians; as by 
the letter on file, which was signed p' y'' Secrefy will appeare. 



August 30, 1675. A meeting of the Councill. 

Wm. Leet, Esq. Dep. Gov' ; Major John Tallcott, Mr. Henry 
Woolcot, Capt. John Allyn, Capt. John Nash, Capt. Tho: Topping, 
Mr, John Wadsworth. 

The Councill prepared com"' for Major Treat and the com" offi- 
cers, which were as followeth, w"^'' those instructions : — 
To Major Rob' Treat. 

You being nominated and appoynted by tlie Councill of Conecti- 
cott, August 25, 1675, Comander in Cheifeof such forces as are sent 
forth from this Colony to assist and defend o"" confederates of the Mas- 
sachusetts in the persuit or prosecution of those Indian enemies that 
are in open hostility against the English, These are in his Ma " Name 
to will and require you, and you are hereby commissionatcd to take 
under your conduct, cliarge, command and goucrment, all the sayd 
military forces, with all such armos, ammunition, provissions and 
other appurtenances, with all officers and soldiers, to be ordered, 



JOURNAL OF THE COUNCIL, &C. 357 

martialled, managed and dissposed of upon all occasions by your- 
selfe and the councill of warr, according to the course of military 
discipline, and according to such instructions as you shall herewith 
receiue and from time to time receiue from them, till you sliall return 
agayne. You are allso hereby impowered, vv''' the councill of war, to 
use and execute martiall discipline upon all ofTendors and delin- 
quents, as occasion shall be, by lines or other millitary punisinnents 
if need shall require. We doe appoynt your commission officers to 
be of your councill, whereof yourselfe to be president and to haue a 
casting voyce. And you or your councill, or the greater number of 
them, shall haue power from time to time, as a councill of war, to 
manage all affayres concerning this present expedition ; and you may 
joyne in councill with such other of the Gent" of the Massachusetts 
as shall be impowered to joyn in councill with you, and to take their 
assistance with you in persuit oftheenemie ; and you are according 
to your best skill to take all fitting wayes and meanes and opportune- 
ties to destroy the enemie : and in want of any officers in your army, 
you, with your councill, are hereby impowered to make up such de- 
fects or vacancies. You are also impowered to use any stratagems 
of war for aduantage against the enemie, and to induce or draw oflf 
parties or persons from them upon just and hon'''" termes of conces- 
sions or quarter, as you may : prouided that grand contriuers and 
murtherers be exempted from pardon, and due sattisfaction made for 
other wroungs when proued against them. 

This was signed by the Secret''y by order of the Councill, and de- 
liuered Major Rob' Treate. 

Instructions for Major Rob' Treate. 
Forasmuch as the most holy and just God for our many and great 
sins hath seen cause to exercise New England, by letting loose the 
barbarrous heathen to committ outrage, murther and spoyle, first in 
Plimouth, since in the Massachusetts Colony, vp this River of Con- 
ecticott, whereof the Hono"''' Major Pynchon and others of o'' consid- 
erable and worthy neighbours haue informed and sought o"' help in 
their danger, the sayd Indian enemies (being many in number and 
their aduantages great in the woods,) doe mischeifes by killing their 
men and burning their houses, robbing and spoyleing their goods 
&c.; You are therefore forthwith to march with your forces into the 
Massachusetts Colony, first to VVestfeild, and then Northampton, de- 
claring unto the authority that you are commissionated and sent for 
the succour and assistance of o"^ neighbours in danger within that 
Colony, against all or any such Indians as haue as albarsayd done; 
to defend the sayd English and persue the enemie, as God shall di- 
rect and help ; and with their aduice and allowance to pass on far- 
ther (as there be need,) unto such townes or places where you may 
be directed to quarter suitably ; and meeting with the Bay forces, 
consult them for light and information what is best to be done, where 
or how best to com at or deale with the enemy, and manage the af- 
fayre according to your commission, which you may show as there 
is occasion for the same. 



358 JOURNAL OF THE COUNCIL, &.C. 

In all places of your travailes, march or aboade, you are to see 
well to tlie carriage and behauiour of all under your command, that 
it be sober, Christian and comely, both in words and in deeds, ac- 
cording to Gospell profession, before the heathen and in the sight of 
all men ; that so the name of our God be not dishonoured by o''selues 
while we are endeauouring to vindicate the same against the hea- 
then's wickedness and blasphemies. 

If you hear of any like outrages or mischeifes upon any of o' owne 
plantations while you are searching after the enemie, you are to 
post away a competent party for their releife. 

Allthough you may do well to aduise w"" the Bay commanders, 
yet are you not bownd allways by their counsells to act, unless you 
accord w"" the same and be sattisfyed in the determination. 

You are to improue the best of your skill to preserue the Hues and 
limbes of your soldiers in all your assaults and stratagems of war 
you shall use; and you are to take special! care that the Reuerend 
Mr. W hitting, whoe is appoynted your minister this expedition, be 
prouided for and accomadatcd with the best supplyes and in the 
greatest securety you may, dureing his, whole continuance with you. 



A MEETING OF THE CoUNCILL, AuGXJST 31, 1675. 

A letter to Major John Pynchon, to giue an acco' of o"" forces that 
were to be sent up the country to desire joynt counsells, intelligen- 
ces and informations, and to give an acco' of Major Tallcott's being 
sent up and commissionated to consult w"" him ; as by the letter on 
file, signed p' the Secrefy will appeare. 

Major Rob' Treat this day advanced with his army towards North- 
ampton. 

Christover Crow, being upon occasion trauelling between Hart- 
ford and Simsbury, was assaulted and shott at, by 4 Indians, 8 being 
in company, which occasioned the s'' Major Treatt to stop his forces 
at Windsor and to certify the Councill w' their pleasure was to haue 
done. The Councill did return an order to haue 30, of the county 
of Hartford, to stop; the rest to advance; as by the letter on file 
appeares. 

Mr. James Steele is appoynted Commissary for this present ex- 
pedition. 

A letter from Major Gold, dated August 29, was receiued and an 
answer this day returned : a coppy whereof is on file. 



JOURNAL OF THE COUNCIL, &C. 359 

A MEETING OF THE CoUNCILL. HELD AT HarTFORD, SeFT' 1, 1675. 

Wm. Leet Esq. Dep. Gov' ; Mr. Henry Woolcot, Capt. John 
Allyn, Capt. Tho: Topping, Capt. Benj: Newbery, Mr. John Wads- 
worth. 

The Hono"" Mr. Joanes and Mr. Bishop, acquainting us with the 
report of the Indians being in a hostill maner prepared w"' their 
armes neer Pawgussuck, and that Mr. Bryant had posted to them for 
help; and John Coalt declareing how he was shot at, yesterday, by 
an Indian ; and another party of Indians discouered to be neer the 
North meadow in Hartford, the last night ; the Councill ordered the 
return of Major Treat and his troopes forthw"" to Hartford ; and the 
Councill appoynted this Order to be deliuered : 

To Major Robert Treat ;— 
Seeing you are recalled upon emergent occasion to attend such 
seruice as you shall be appoynted to, it is now judged requisit and 
you are hereby commissionated to appoynt about 30 of your Troop 
of Dragoones to march on the east side of the river and to make what 
discoueries of the enemie you can in those parts, and to seiz all such 
sculking armed Indians as you shall meet with in your way; and to 
make search from Hoccanum Riuer to Scantick, where they are to 
quarter this night, and to morrow make farther discouerie. You 
are allso to appoynt 30 of your troop of Dragoones to march to make 
discouerie on the west sideof Conecticut Riuer, from Hartford down 
towards Wethersfeild, where they are to quarter this night, and to- 
morrow to make further discouery : and 30 more to make farther 
discouerie on the west side of Conecticott Riuer, between Hartford 
and Windsor, where they are to quarter this night and to-morrow to 
make farther discouery. And you are to order that all your troopes 
doe meet at Hartford to-morrow night for farther orders. 

This was signed p"" the Secretary by order of the Councill, and 
deliuered unto Major Treat. 

Forasmuch as it is w"'' the English now a time of war with sun- 
dry companyes of Indians that are sculking in persuance of hostility 
against the English who may be traueling up and down upon their 
necessary occasions, where they may meet with armed Indians 
whomethey cannot know by face and so may be of the enemies that 
haue done hurt by suddain shooting at such trauilours unawares, — 
The Councill sees cause to order that whatsoeuer Indian or Indians 
with armes shall be espyed trauelling in any of the precincts of o' 
towneships without an Englishman be with them, if they doe not call 
to such English trauelling as they may see, and allso lay down their 
armes, w"' professing themselues freinds, it shall be lawfull for the 
sayd English to shoot at them and destroy them for their owne safety, 



36 JOURNAL OF THE COUNCIL, &C. 

which is o' duty to prouide for thus, in time of war ; seeing that o' 
Indian freinds may so prevent the danger as before, without preju- 
dice to themselues. And the constables in the respectiue planta- 
tions are to see this order be forthwith published in the seuerall 
plantations, and to the Indians within their respectiue limits. 

The Councill ordered that those forces that return from vp the 
River, doe return to their respectiue plantations and habitations, and 
remayn under press to be ready upon an bower's warning, as for- 
merly. This was ordered SepV 3, 75, — and 7niss-enlered here. 



At a meeting of the Councill, Sept"' 2"^, 1675. 

Wm. Leet Esq. Dept. Gov"" ; Mr. Henry Woolcott, Capt. John 
Allyn, Capt° Tho: Topping, Capt° Benj: Newbery, Mr. John Wads- 
worth. 

Vpon some complaynt of Mil ford Indians of some hard dealeings 
they rece* at Milford, the Councill writ to Mr. Bryant and L"' Fow- 
ler about the same, to desire that all fayre dealeings might be be- 
tween them, and to aduise them not to giue them any just ground of 
prouocations &c ; as by the letter on file, signed by the Secrefy, 
may appeare. 

A letter to Lnt. David Wilton and Lnt. Wm. Clark of Northamp- 
ton in answer to one from them, was sent up to give them an acco' 
of the reason our forcesdid not advance to them, and to inform them 
of their readiness now to march, as p"' the letter on file signed p'^ the 
Secrefy will appeare. 

Tliis commission was drawn up for Major Treat, and d'd : — 

Major Rob' Treate ; You are to proceed in your march according 
to your former commission and instructions, and to take under your 
conduct those forces of Fayrefeild and New Haven County, and of 
Hartford County. You are to take out of iMidleton company, eight ; 
out of Farmington, seuen ; out of Hartford company two, and you 
will find with George Graue, at Northampton, seven, and Pacomp- 
tock, fowre, which make thirteen ; and out of Windsor two, and you 
will find at Northampton seven, of Windsor, and at Pacomptock 
three, which makes twelve ; out of Wethersfeild company you must 
take two, at Northampton is flue, and Pacomptock three ; so that 
you will haue of the County of Hartford, fifty. The rest you (as 
you com up with them) are to order them to march to this place for 
further orders, under the conduct of som suitabde person to be their 
leader. George Graue by promise is to be released when the army 
arrives at Northampton. 



journal of the council, &.c. 361 

At a meeting of the Councill, at Hartford, Sept'' S"*, 1675. 

Wm. Leet Esq. Dep. Gov"' ; Mr. Henry Woolcott, Capt. John 
Allyn, Capt. The: Topping, Capt. Benj: Newbery, Mr. John Wads- 
worth. 

It is ordered by the Councill, that in the seuerall plantations of 
this Colony there be kept a sufficient wa'ch in the night, which 
watch is to be continued from the shutting in of the evening till the 
sun rise j and that one fourth part of each towne be in armes euery 
day by turnes, to be a guard in their respectiue plantations ; to be 
ordered and dissposed as the cheife millitary officers shall appoynt; 
and all souldiers from sixteen to seuenty yeares of age (magistrates, 
com", ministers, commission officers, schoole masters, phescitians, 
and millers excepted,) are to attend their course of watch and ward 
as they shall be appoynted. It is allso ordered that, dureing these 
p'sent comotions with the Indians, such persons as haue occasion to 
worke in the feilds shall worke in companyes ; if they be halfe a 
mile from the towne, not lesse than six in a company ; with their 
armes and ammunition well fixed and fitted for seruice. And who- 
soeuer shall not attend these foregoing orders shall forfeit for euery 
defect, fine shillings, prouided it be complayned of within fowerteen 
dayes ; any one Assistant or Con/ to heare and determine euery 
such defect. 

The Councill findeing a necessity of sufficient ammunition to be 
in all readiness for warlike action, which suddainly may be called 
for, as allso that we may be in an instant alarmed, in the day as well 
as night, — It is ordered that whosoeuer shall shoot off a gunn with- 
out command from some Magistrate or millitary commander, vntill 
farther order be giuen by authority, he shall forfeit for euery such 
transgression the sume of fine shillings, except it appeare upon the 
heareing of the case, he so shott for the necessar}^ defence of him- 
selfe or for the destroying of some wolfe or such ravenous beast. 



At a bieeting of the Councill, at Hartford, Sept' 4'\ 167.5. 

Wm. Leet Esq. Dep. Gov' ; Mr. Henry Woolcot, Capt. John 
Allyn, Capt. Tho: Topping, Capt. Ben: Newbery, Mr. John Wads- 
worth. 

For the prevention of danger to travelours upon the road betweene 
towne and towne in this County, — It is ordered that Windsor, each 
31 



362 JOURNAL OF THE COUNCIL, &C. 

Other day, shall send fowre men to clear the roads to Simsbury, and 
two, each other day, to cleare the roads between Hartford and Wind- 
sor ; Windsor to begin Munday next, to Hartford, and Tewsday to 
Simsbury. Hartford shall send two men to clear the roads between 
Windsor and Hartford, each other day, and to begin on Tewsday 
next ; and three men to cleare the roads between Farmington and 
Hartford, and to begin Munday next ; and one, each other day, to 
cleare the road between Hartford and Wethersfeild, and to begin on 
Munday next. Wethersfeild shall send one man, each other day, to 
cleare the roade between Wethersfeild and Hartford, and to begin 
Tewsday next ; and two, each other day, between Wethersfeild and 
Midleton, to begin Munday next. Farmington shall send three, each 
other day, to cleare the roads between Hartford and Farmington, 
and to begin Tewsday next. And Midleton to send two each other 
day to cleare the roade thence to Wethersfeild, to begin Tewsday 
next. And this course to be taken till farther order. The Millitary 
officers in each place or plantation to appoynt the persons to attend 
this service. These men to be taken out of the guard of each towns, 
and to be upon theire worke by sun an hower high in each day. 

[The following letter, to the Governor and Council, from the Council of 
Massachusetts, (War, I. 16,) was probably received about this time.] 

Much Hon'^^ Gent". By severall letters from ISIajor John Pynchon & Mr. 
John Russell, dated 26 instant, we haue binn informed of the state of our 
forces in yo'' partes, that haue binn vnder some humbling frownes of God, 
p'mittlng the Indians there to waxe proude & more Insolent ; on -which sus- 
pitlons arising occasioned some strictnes In the motions of our Captalnes 
there towards them, which they refusing to yelld to, som English are slayne, 
and our forces returned from their pursulte, being too weake, to IladJey ; 
vnderstanding allso that they may have made theire applications to you for 
some recrulte of forces to prosecute so enraged an enemy ; which wee hope 
& doubt not but before this can come to your hands j'ou will have accommo- 
dated, the whole public Interest of the English lying at stake. How neces- 
sary in such a day, the common safety & Interest of the j^eople of God were 
by joynt and vnlted councils considered of & carried an end, is not diflicult 
in such a juncture to be vnderstood, & hath been much desired before now. 
The GoV^n' of Plimouth & Mr. Hinckley, their Comisslon"*, haue been heere 
before the time appointed, hopefully way ting for yours ; and yesterday went 
homewards, and will, on the least notice of yours coming, be heere agalne. 
If our forces shall stand In neede of ought w"' you, If you please to accommo- 
date them therewith, wee shall thankfully acknowledge your loue therein, & 
be readily responsible for the same. Comending you & your councils, & de- 
siring alike to be comcnded by you, w^'' this afiaire, to God's speclall blessing 
& protection, Remayne, Gent", 

Your assured freinds & confederates, 

Boston, 28 August, 1675. Edward llawson, Secretary, 

p' order of the Gov' & Council. 



JOURNAL OF THE COUNCIL, &C. 



363 



A MEETING OF THE CoUNCILL, HELD AT HaRTFORD, SePT"" 5tH, 1675. 

Vpon the news of the great disasters that befell Capt. Beers in his 
goeing to fetch off the Garrison from Squakeheag,* the Councill sent 
post to Major Winthrop and Lnt. John Mason, to bring up about a 
hundred Pequots and Moheags, to goe forth after the army up the 
country. A letter was allso sent to Major Pynchon: coppyes of 
both wliich are on file. 



At a MEETING OF THE CoUNCILL, HELD AT HaRTFORD, SePT' 6"', 1675. 

Wm. Leet Esq. Dep. Gov'; Major John Tallcott, Mr. Henry 
Woolcott, Capt. John Allyn, Capt. Tho: Topping, Capt. Benj: 
Newbery, Mr. John Wadsworth, 

The Councill ordered that Sarj' Joseph Wadsworth should take 
under his conduct twenty men, and pass up to Wcstfield, to assist 
them against the common enemie, w"" this following com" : — 

To Joseph Wadsworth, Sarj'. 

In his Ma"" Name you are required to take under your conduct 
those dragoones now present, and lead them forth up to Westfeild, 
there to assist in the defending of the sayd Westfeild against the 
common enemie, and there to continnue till you receiue further or- 
der from the Councill here, or are called forth to the army by Major 
Treat or some of the cheife commanders of o"' army. Allso, in case 
you hear that any of o" plantation.\ are assaulted by the enemie, you 
are forthwith to post away to releiue the place or plantations as- 
saulted ; and incase you should be assaulted in the way, you are to 
use your utmost endeauour to defend yourselues and to destroy the 
enemie. 

This signed p' the Secrefy. 

A like commission was granted to John Grant of Windsor. 
To John Grant. 

In his Ma"" Name you are required to take under your conduct 
those dragoones now present, and lead them forth up to Springfeild, 
there to assist against the common enemie, and there to continnue till 
you receiue farther order from the Councill here, or are called forth 
to the army by Major Treat or some of the cheife commanders of 
o' army. Allso, in case you heare that any of o' plantations are 
assaulted by the enemie, you are forthwith to post away to releiue 
the place or plantations assaulted ; and in case you should be as- 

* Northfield (Squakeag) having been assaulted by the Indians, and several of the inhabitants 
slain, Capt. Beers with 36 men was sent to afford relief to the garrison there. On his march 
from Hadley, he was waylaid by the enemy, and killed, with a great part of his men. Only 
]6 succeeded in making their escape to Hadley, leaving the dead and wounded in the hands of 
the enemy. See Hubbard's Ind. Wars, p. 110 ; Trumbull's H. of Conn. I. 334. 



364 JOURNAL OF THE COUNCIL, &C. 

saulted in the way, you are to use your utmost endeauour to defend 
yourselues and to destroy the enemie. 
This signed p"^ the Secret'y. 



At a meeting of the Councill, at Hartford, Sept' 9, 1675. 

Wm. Leete Esq. Dept. Gov"'; Major John Tallcott, Mr. Henry 
Woolcott, Capt. John AUyn, Major Rob' Treat, Capt. Benj: Newbery, 
Mr. John Wadsworth. 

Major Rob' Treat being returned from the army, and informeing 
us that the Gent" from the Bay haue ordered that all their forces 
shall be called out of the feild, up the Riuer, and their townes gar- 
risoned as they may ; and allso, that of those forces that went hence 
there is left about forty at Hatfeild, and some at Northampton, and 
some at Westfeild, are desired to be continued ; the Councill doth 
grant that if it be desired, there be twenty-six left at Westfeild, un- 
der conduct of Ens: John Miles, and sixteen left at Springfeild, un- 
der conduct of L"' John Standly ; and the rest both those that went 
w"" Sarj' Joseph Wadsworth and w"' John Grant to return forthw""; 
and accordingly order was sent to L"' John Standly and to Ens: John 
Miles. 

A letter to Major Pynchon was prepared, to certify to him what 
was done and what intelligence was with us, and to desire his aduice, 
&c. as by the letter on file, signed p' the Secrefy p' order of the 
Councill, will appeare. 



At a meeting of the Councill, at Hartford, Sept' 10, 1675. 

Wm. Leet Esq. Gov""; Major John Tallcot, Mr. Henry Woolcott, 
Major Rob: Treat, Capt. John Allyn, Mr. John Wadsworth. 

Upon a letter from the Niantick Indians, from Mr. Griswold, cer- 
tifying their fidelity and good affection to the English, and some 
seruice done by them, the Councill sent a letter to them to assure 
them of o' freindship, and that we should show them all suitable re- 
spect when there is occasion : as p' the letter on file, signed p' the 
Secrefy will appeare. 

A letter from the Councill was sent to the Massachusetts, to the 
Com", to glue them an acco' of our affayrcs and to desire their re- 
solues ; a coppy whereof is on file ; which letter was signed p' the 
Secret'y in the name of the Councill. 



journal of the council, &.c. 365 

At a meeting of the Councill, at Hartford, Sept'' 11, 1675. 

Wm. Leete Esq. Dept. Gov; Major John Tallcott, Mr. Henry 
Woolcott, Major Rob'^ Treat, Capt. John Allyn, Capt. Benj: Newbery, 
Mr. John Wadsvvorth. 

Vpon the motion and ernest desires of the Councill of Massachu- 
setts & Major Pynchon, that we would send forth some forces to assist 
them against the Indians, the Councill ordered that Major Rob' Treat, 
in persuance of his former commission, shall march with those 
Gent" dragoones that formerly were placed under his command, and 
march up to Hadly or Northampton, there to consult with Major 
Pynchon and the commanders there, for the frameing of a designe 
against the Indians, and to prosecute the same according to his best 
skill : and he is hereby impowered to command all those forces that 
are all ready in garrison at Springfeild, Westfeild, Northampton and 
Hatfeild, w'*" those that goe vp now with him or follow after, both 
English and Indians. And if the sayd Major Treat judg the strength 
he hath with him and calls in from tliese towns, to be sufficient for 
the carrying on the designe, with the assistance of the Massachusets, 
he may proceed therein, w''' as much speed as conveniently he can ; 
if not, he is to send post to us, to acquaint us w"" his occasions and 
farther desires. 

The Councill allso ordered that the Secrefy write to the Gent" of 
New Hauen and Fayrefeild County, to send up those dragoones for- 
merly prest for the publique seruice, to be forthwith sent vp to Hart- 
ford to march after the Army, if there should be occasion for them. 



At a meeting of the Councill, at Hartford, Sept"' 14, 1675. 
Wm. Leete Esq. Dept. Gov' ; Major John Tallcott, Mr. Henry 
Woolcott, Capt. John Allyn, Major Rob' Treate, Capt. Benj: New- 
bery, Mr. John Wadsworth. 

The inhabitants of Haddam haueing presented Jarrad Spencer 
for an Ensigne for their Trayn Band, affirming him to be legally 
chosen, the Councill doe accordingly commissionate him to be their 
Ensigne and to command them according to lawe; and Wm. Ven-^ 
trus is confirmed to be their Sarj'. This to stand till the Gen" Court 
order otherwise. 

A letter to Mr. James Fitch was drawn up and prepared by the 
Councill, and p"' order signed p'' the Secretly. 

In regard of the present warrs and troubles that are fallen between 
31* 



366 JOURNAL OF THE COUNCIL, &.C. 

the English and ihe Indians, whereby it is dangerous to pass upon 
the roades, and the present occasions are such that we cannot spare 
any of o' Assistants to goe and keep court at New London at the 
■jsuall time, Tewsday next, upon these considerations the Councill 
doe order that the stated Court at New London shall be deferred at 
present, and holden at New London the last Tewsday in October 
next. And all actions depending to be tryed the next Court, whether 
they are entered by attachments or summons, are to remayne in full 
force, and shall then be tryable on the s' last Tewsday in October 
next ; and all bonds for appearance are to stand and be in force at 
the sayd Court. This the Clarke of New London Court is to signify 
to the seuerall townes in that county, forthwith. 



The Councill mett Sept' 15, 1675, and granted Capt. Mason's 

COM". 

Mr. John Mason's Commission. 
To John Mason, Capt: — In his Ma"" Name you are required to 
take unto yourselfe a competent guard of English for the securely 
of your person, and you are to take vnder your conduct those Mo- 
hegens, Pcquotts and other Indians that shall be listed to go along 
with you, and lead them forth up to Norwottock and those plantations 
up the Riuer, to prosecute, persue and destroy all such Indians as 
haue risen up and are in hostility against the English ; and you are 
to continnue and command all the sayd Indians, to attend all such 
orders and directions as from time to time you shall receiue from 
your Major Rob' Treat, or from the Councill or other Authority of 
this Colony. And this your command you are to hold ouer the In- 
dians till your return ; and they are hereby required to obey your 
commands dureing this expedition. 



A meeting of the Councill, at Hartford, Sept' 18, 1675. 

Wm. Leet Esq. Dept. Gov'; Major John Tallcott, Mr. Henry 
Woolcott, Capt. John Allyn, Mr. James Bishop, Capt. Benj: New- 
bery. 

It was resolued by the Councill that if the forces expected from 
Fayrefeild County doe come up to Hartford this day or to-morrow, 
they shall be sent up the Riuer after our army, Munday next. 

Sept' 19, 1675. 
The dragoones from Fayrefeild County being com up, and Major 
Rob' Treat sending to us to hasten them up to their head quarters at 



JOURNAL OF THE COUNCIL, &C. 367 

or neei Suckquackheeg, it was ordered that accordingly the dra- 
goones of Fayreleild County should forthwith march away up to 
Norvvottog, and so to o' army, under the conduct of Ensign Steven 
Burritt. And those of New Haven County, in like manner to march 
away, vnder conduct of L"' Tho: Munson : who were accordingly 
commissioned, as followeth : — 

To Thomas Munson, L"'. 
These are in his Ma"" Name to will and require you to take under 
your conduct the forces that now com from the County of New Ha- 
ven ; and them you are forthwith to lead up to Norwottock, and 
from thence up the River to our army, w''' whom you are to joyne 
in the defence of those plantations up the River ; and you are to kill 
and destroy all such Indian enemies as shall assault you or the sayd 
plantations, (as will not submit to ihe mercy of the English, and con- 
tinue in hostility against them.) And you are to command all your 
inferior officers and souldiers to obey you as their L"' for his Ma'''" ser- 
uice : and you are to obey and obserue all such comands and direc- 
tions as you shall receiue from Major Rob' Treat or your other 
superiour otficers, or from the Councill or other Authority of this 
Colony. And this you are to obserue dureing this expedition. 
Hereof fayle not. 

A like commission was deliuered to Steuen Burrett, Ensigne, to 
take under his conduct the dragoones of Fayrefeild County, and dis- 
pose of them as aboue : both which commissions were signed p' the 
Secrefy, in the name of y" Councill. 



At a meeting of the Councill, at Hartford, Sept' 21, 1675. 
Wm. Leete Esq. Dept. Gov'; Major John Tallcott, Mr. Henry 
Woolcott, C. John Allyn, Mr. James Bishop, Capt. Ben: Newbery, 
Mr, John Wadsworth. 

The Councill prepared a letter for Major Pynchon, to be a covert 
to a letter from the Bay Councill to him, and to giue him informa- 
tion of what we had receiued from the Hono"^ Com", w"* o' sence 
about the quitting of Pacomptock garison ; and to desire o' men may 
be carefully and comfortably prouided for, &;c. as p' y° coppy of the 
letter on file signed p' the Sec'y may appeare. 

[A letter from the Commissioners of the U. Colonies, to the Conn. Coun- 
cil, (dated Sept. 16th,) is in War, I. 19.] 

Hoa^ Gent": Your letters dated the 10th of this instant, wee received, & 
having perused the contents thereof, do fully concur with yo'' apprehensions 
as to the necessity of feild forces, to be Improveing for disresting & pursute of 
the enemy, and therefore have agreed that 1000 men be forthwith listed, and 
every way fitted w"" armes & ammunition to be in readines to march at an 



368 JOURNAL OF THE COUNCIL, &C. 

houres -wameing, -whereof 500 to be dragoones or troopers, with long armes. 
Our meaning is, that those that are already out upon service in garrisons or 
elcewhere, shall be accounted as a part of this number, to be r^iised in propor- 
tion according to the Articles of Confederation, wliich is as foUoweth, i. e. 
Massachusets, 527 ; Plimouth, 158 ; Connecticott, 315. 

In case the providence of God do so order, that the oppertunlty of pursu- 
ing the enemy should be in those Westerly plantations up the River, wee 
then judge it best, and do accordingly order, that such force as shall be need- 
full be taken out of Massachusetts & Connecticott soldiers, it being too farr 
distant to fetch any from Plimouth Colony ; and it appearing at present to be 
the best expedient that the Commander in Cheife be from time to time ap- 
poynted, as may most accomodate the place where the pursute must be made, 
wee concurr with the Councill of y' Mattachusetts in designeing & appoynt- 
ing Major Pinchon to be the Commander over all the forces that shall be im- 
ployed in those p'ts ; and do desire your assistance and counsell to him from 
time to time ; and in ca'-e you judge it meet, that you doe appoynt & send 
some fit commander of your owne Colony to be joyned with Major Pinchon, 
as his second in councill & command, over o' joynt forces there ; and wee 
shall accordingly owne & approve him in that capacity. And considering 
the great trust and dependance that is vpon Major Pinchon for the constant 
mannagem' of the publicke affaires in those p''ts, wee do not expect that he 
should be personally present in every expedition ag' the enemy, further then 
himselfe & his councill of officers shall see a necessity of; but they may ap- 
poynt & send forth such persons on particular services as to them shall seeme 
best. 

As for the n° of soldiers to be imployed at p'^sent, wee, not well knowing 
how many are already on the place, and also ignorant of the enemye's 
strength, must leave yt wholly to those y' are betrusted there, to take such 
n" of soldiers as shall be thought necessary ; and such of your Indians as shall 
be judged vsefull may be added unto them. Committing yourselves, the inter- 
est of God's people & the care for their provission & salvation, to him who is 
their great Shepheard, Wee take leave, and remayne, 
Gent ', your loveing friends & confederates, 

Thomas Danforth, Presid', 
in the name & with the consent of the 
Commissioners of the Vnited Colonies. 

Gent", Wee intreat your favour to dispatch with all speed the inclosed, to 
Major Pinchon, as also to acquaint him with the contents of this to yo''selves. 

Allso a letter to the Commissioners was prepared to informe them 
of o"^ proceeds in the war, and to desire their sending ayd from the 
Bay forthw"", a coppy of which is on the file, signed by y^ Sec'y. 

Allso, upon the receipt of a letter from Mr. Fitch, desireing the 
minde of the Councill about the gathering of the Wabaquassuck 
Indians' corn &c., an answer was returned, and a coppy thereof is 
on file. 

A letter to Ninicraft allso was prepared and sent to him, wherein 
we take knowledg of his friendship, and tender him o", &.c ; a coppy 
whereof is on file. 



journal of the council, &c. 369 

At a meeting of the Councill, Sept' 23'*, 1675. 

Wm. Leet Esq. Dep. Gov'; Major John Tallcott, Mr. Henry 
Woolcott, Capt. John Allyn, Mr. James Bishop, Capt. Benj: Nevv- 
bery, Mr. John Wadsvvorth. 

The Councill came to an agreement w"' the Wyantineck Indians, 
whoe engaged to continnue in freindship w"' us and to be enemies to 
o'' enemies and to discouer them timely or destroy them ; that they 
would doe no prejudice to the English &c.; as by the agreement on 
file more fully will appeare. 

The like agreement was made w"" New Haven and the Milford 
Indians; a coppy whereof is on file. 

The Councill, for their seruice and attendance gaue them each a 
payre of breeches. 

At a meeting of the Councill, Sept' 24, 1675. 

The Pequots and Mohegens being returned and desireous to goe 
home, w"" their promise to attend when there should be farther occa- 
sion, they were dismist, and each of them a coat bestowed upon them, 
and the Wabequassuck Indians had each a payre of breeches. 

A letter from Major Pinchon rec'' ; another from N. Haven, 
signed p' Mr. Wm. Jones, Mr. Alex' Bryan, Capt. Jn" Nash, Capt. 
Tho: Topping and Wm. Fowler. 



At a meeting of the Councill at Hartford, Sept' 26, 1675. 

Wm. Leet Esq. Dep. Gov' ; Major John Tallcott, Mr. James 
Bishop, Capt. John Allyn, Mr. Rich'' Lord. 

The Councill by letters from Major Gold, Mr. Bryant, and Capt. 
Nash receiued a report of Major Andross his preparations for Say- 
brooke, which being considered, the Councill ordered as followeth, — 
these Commissions and Warrants : — 

To Capt. Tho: Bull. 
These are in his Ma"'^ Name to require you forthwith to repayre 
to yo' charge at Saybrook, and to take under yo' conduct y' forces 
y' are now at Saybrook, w"' y' traine-band, and to manage and dis- 
pose of y"" in y' best way and manner you can for the defence of 
y' place for y^ service of his Ma'''. And you are hereby required 
if you see occasion for it, to command all those of y' neiohbouring 
plantations y' y' Councill formerly appointed to be in readines to de- 
fend y' place, y' they forthwith repaire unto you, according as you 
shall see cause to appoint y"", to assist you in defending that place 



370 JOURNAL OF THE COUNCIL, &C. 

and in keeping it in obedience to his Maj''' and this Governm' for his 
Maj"" service. And all those souldiers in the neighboring planta- 
tions are hereby in his Ma)"" name required to attend the orders and 
commands as afores'', without delay. The Townes intended are 
Haddam,Saybrooke, Lyme, Kenillvvorth and Guilford. P' order of 
the Councill, signed. 

Hartford, Sept^ 26, 1675. 

To y' Constable of Lyme. 

These are in his Maj"" Name to require you upon sight hereof to 
imp'sse and send forth soe many men well p''pared with amies and 
ammunition, to Saybrooke, to Capt. Tho: Bull, as you shall have 
notice from him to send to him, to assist in y' defence of y' place. 
Hereof fayle not. 

Dated in Hartford, Sept^ 26 (75.) 

To y' Constable of Kellingworth. 

These are in his Maj"" Name to require you upon sight hereof to 
imp''ss and send forth soe many men well p'pared w"" armes and am- 
munition, to Saybrooke, to Capt. Tho: Bull, as you shall haue notice 
from him to send to him to assist in y' defence of y' place. Hereof 
fayle not. 

Dated in Hartford, Sept' 26, 1675. 

To y' Constable of Guilford. 

These are in his Maj"" Name to require you upon sight hereof to 
imp'"ss and send forth soe many men well p''pared w"" armes and am- 
munition, to Saybrooke, to Capt. Tho: Bull, as you shall haue notice 
from him, to assist in the defence of that place. Hereof fayle not. 

Dated in Hartford, Sept' 26'" (75.) 



At a meeting of the Councill, Sept' 27, 1675. 

Wm. Leete Esq', Dep Gov' j Major John Tallcott, Mr. Henry 
Woolcott, Capt. John AUyn, Mr. James Bishop, Capt. Benj: New- 
bery, Mr. Richard Lord. 

The Councill came to an agreement with the Indians of Farming- 
ton, Hartford, Wethersfeild and Midleton, wherein the Indians in- 
gaged to continue in freindsliip with the English and to be enemies 
to their enemies, and to discoucr or destroy them &c. And the 
Councill ingaged to pay unto them the sayd Indians, 2 yards of cloth 
for euery head of o' enemies they shall take, and 4 yards of cloath 
for euery person they shall deliver aliue ; as p' the agreement on 
file, will appeare more at large. 

Allso, the Councill sent a letter to Major Pynchon for a coppy of 
y° grownds of the war ; which is on file, a coppy of it. 



journal of the council, &c. 371 

At a meeting of the Councill, in Hartford, Sept' 28, 1675. 
Wm. Leete Esq. Dep. Gov" ; Major John Tallcot, Capt. John 
Allyn, Mr. James Bishop, Capt. Benj: Newbery, Mr. Richard Lord. 

The Councill, seeing a necessity of som provissions, especially 
bread, being got ready forthwith for the supply of o' army, ordered 
that the Treasurer by his warrant should order :2l!0 bushels of wheat 
to be prouided, grownd and baked into biskit forthwith, out of these 
following plantations ; of Windsor, fifty bushels ; of Hartford, sixty 
bushels; of Wethersfeild, sixty bushels; of Farmington, thirty. 

The Councill allso sent a letter to Capt Mason and Mr. Fitch, to 
procure the Pequot and Moheag Indians to com up, to go forth with 
our army ; and allso to acquaint them that there were about 100 
Indians sent into the Nipmug country to gather corne and secure 
the swine ; as p"' the coppy on file will appeare."^ 



At a meeting of the Councill, Sept' 29, 1675, in Hartford. 

Dep. Gov' Wm. Leete Esq.; Major John Tallcott, Mr. James 
Bishop, Mr. Rich'' Lord, Mr. John Wadsworth. 

The Councill, haueing receiued inteligence from Mr. Joanes and 
Capt. Nash of a report of the Gov' ot York's sending a ketch of 
Soldiers to Saybrooke &c., sent a letter to them, to giue them 
thankes for their great care and to acquaint them what we had 
done : as p' the coppy on file will appeare. 

Another letter was sent to Capt. Bull, at Saybrooke, to inform of 
what news we had receiued from Yorke ; with some instructions 
how they should act in the defence of that porta : as p' the coppy of 
the letter on file will appeare. 



At a meeting of the Councill, Sept' 30, 1675. 
Wm. Leet Esq. Dep. Gov'; Major John Tallcott, Capt. Jn" Al- 
lyn, Mr. Rich: Lord, Mr. Jn Wadsworth. 

The Councill haueing receiued a letter from Mr. Stanton, in Nini- 
crafl's behalfe, to desire the return of their hostages, one of them 
haueing fled from hence before, the other was granted liberty to return, 
and he was informed if he pleased we would send him safe home by 
w^ater, but he refused, and sayd he had company enough to goe by 
land and would go along with them. 



372 JOURNAL OF THE COUNCIL, &C. 

The Councill allso writ a letter to Mr. Jireh Bull,* in answer to 
one receiued from him in behalf of Canonicus, concerning the Wa- 
bawquassuck Indians gathering their corn in the Nipmuck Country ; 
the coppy whereof is on file. 

At another meeting, Octob" 1" 1675. 

We hauing receiued a letter from Mr. Fitch wherein he speakes 
of the Mohegans' dissatisfaction w'*" the Indians of the Riuer, and of 
their unwillingness to joyne w"' them in this war, there was answer 
at large returned to the same ; as p" the coppy on file will appeare. 

Another letter was allso sent to Major Pynchon and Major Treate, 
wherein we inform them of the Indians' intendments to march with 
them, w some considerations about the manageing of their next 
march against the enemie ; as p'' the coppy on file will appeare. 



Some acts of Octob' 5, are recorded ouer the leafe.f 

A MEETING OF THE CoUNCILL, OcTOB"^ 5, 1675. 

Wm. Leet Esq. Dept. Gov'" ; Major John Tallcott, Capt. John 
Allyn, Mr. Richard Lord, Mr. John Wadsworth. 

Vpon occasion of the dangerous and destructiue assault of the en- 
emie so neere as Springfeild,:]: which may increase their insolency 
to attempt upon o' townes suddainly, the Councill saw cause to order 
that the Magistrates and commission millitary officers doe appoynt 
and prepare so many and such places as they shall thinke meete, 
for all the women and children to repayre unto, upon any alarum, 
for refuge ; so many and such places of garrison for the men to re- 
payre vnto for the defence and securety of Hartford and Windsor 

* Mr. Jireh Bull, of Peltiquamscott, whose " convenient large stone house" had not long be- 
fore afforded quarters to the Connecticut troops under Capt. Winthrop. (See page 338, ante.) 
A few weeks later, Mr. Bull's house was attacked and burned by the Indians, and all its inmates 
except two, were killed. [Potter's Flist. of Narragansett, 290. Hubb. I. Wars, 134.] 

tThey are here transposed to their proper place. 

}The Springfield Indians, who until about this time had been very friendly to the English, now 
proved treacherous, and received some 300 of Philip's Indians into their fort, with the design 
of burning the town. The plot was fortunately disclosed, by a friendly Indian at Windsor, on 
the evening before the intended assault ; and despatches were immediately sent to Major Treat, 
and the Connecticut troops at Westfield, who marched immediately for Springfield. He arri- 
ved there in lime to save the lives of the inhabitants, and a part of the town from the flames ; 
but 32 houses and a large amount of valuable property were already consumed, and some lives 
lost in the first encounter with the enemy. See Hubb. Ind. Wars, 1 18 ; Trumbull's H. of Conn. 
I. 335. 



JOURNAL OF THE COUNCIL, &C 373 

and Wethersfeild, as they may haue best light from the townesmen 
in each respectiue place ; together with so many men as the com- 
mission officers in the respectiue townes shall appoynt to repayre 
where the women and children are to be, for their guards. 

Vpon occasion of the dangerous and destructive assault of the en- 
emie so neer as Springfeild, It is ordered that the inhabitants of 
Windsor, Hartford and Wethersfeild doe forthwith set themselves in 
their seuerall quarters to joyne together to gather their Indian corn, 
and to bring it and their English corn on the east side of the great 
Riuer, into places of best securety in the respectiue townes ; for the 
furtherance whereof, all persons are ordered to lend what assistance 
may be for the end afoarsayd, and such persons as shall be so im- 
proued are to haue their armes with them for their securety ; this 
being a time for all priuat interest to be layd aside to preserue the 
pub: good. And the select men in each town are to order the same 
to be attended in an orderly manner; and if need require, the Mag- 
istrates in the sayd townes are to grant warrants for the impressing 
men and teames for the suitable carrying on the sayd work with 
speed. 



A MEETING OF THE CoUNCILL, OcTOB'^ 6, 1675. 

Wm. Leet Esq. Dep. Gov"; Major John Tallcott, Capt. John Al- 
lyn, Mr. Rich"^ Lord, Mr. John Wadsworth. 

The Councill writt a letter to Major Treat and Major Pynchon, to 
certify them that we had sent out about 43 of o' Indians to be im- 
ployed by them as they should see cause, and that we expected 
more, speedily, which should be sent after them : as appears by the 
letter on file. 

Another letter was sent to Capt. Bull to informe him of what intel- 
igence we had, and to order the return of those souldiers cald in 
from neighbouring townes, unless something appeared to the con. 
trary to him upon the place ; as appears by the letter on file. 

Another letter was sent to Major Andross to giue him an acco* of 
the news concerning the Indians, and to desire his aduice &c. as ap- 
peares by the coppy of the letter on file. 

A MEETING OF THE CoUNCILL, OcTOB' 7, 1675. 

The Councill wrott a letter to the Com", to acquaint them w"" the 
state of affayres in these parts, and to moue them to send 500 men to 
persue the enemie aboue &c. as p' the letter on file appeares. 
32 



374 JOURNAL OF THE COUNCIL, &C. 

A letter to Major Treat allso was sent, to order his return to Hart- 
ford w"" sixty men, to post down to Hartford forthwith ; as p' the let- 
ter on file. 



At a meeting of the Councill, Octob' 9"', 1675. 

Wm. Leet Esq. Dept. Gov' ; Major John Tallcott, Mr. Henry 

Woolcott, Capt. John Allyn, Mr. James Richards, Major Rob' Treat, 

Mr. Rich-^ Lord. 

Joseph Harris, Rich*^ Hubberd, John Kirbey, John Higbey, Israel 
Willcox, Nath: White ; — These are to appoynt you forthw"" to re- 
payre to Midleton, and if Mr. Goodall's vessell be there, you are to 
goe on board her and guard her up to Hartford, unless the guard all- 
ready in her from that towne be still on board her, and in such case 
you are to remayne in your towne vntill Munday next, and then you 
are to repayre to Hartford for farther orders. 

The Councill doe appoynt that the Assis' and Com' of Windsor 
take care to prouide some corn for the supply of Ebenezer Bible's 
famaly, who hath been imployed in the seruice of the country. 

The Councill appoynted James Ree and Andrew Pyncion to take 
a hatt each, upon the country acco', of Mr. Gardner; and Richard 
Saxton to take up cloath upon the country acco'. 

Vpon a report of some Strang Indians on the east side the Great 
River, the Councill sent out upon the scout six English and Joshua, 
Tomsquash and the rest of the Indians, w"* this com". 

To Joshua, Tomsquash, and the rest of the Captaines : — These are 
to desire and impower you to take the Indians, your own men, Pe- 
quots and others, with you, and to goe ouer on the east side the 
River beyond the mountaines, and to make what discouery you can 
of the enemie, and to assault and destroy them. And for euery 
man's head or live man they bring we will pay them foure coates 
of tradeing cloath, a head or man, forthwith. We order your goeing 
forth early in the morning, and that you return to Hartford agayne 
on Munday morning about ten of the clock, to com to such place as 
you shall be appoynted to by Major Tallcott, where some English 
shall meet you to conduct you to towne. 

Whereas Indians belonging unto Wethersfeild and Wongham haue 
shewed their willingness to dwell peaceably in o' townes and there 
to bring their corn for securety, the Councill doe recommend it to 
the people at Wethersfeild and Midleton upon whose lands the In- 
dians haue planted, that the corn be equally diuided upon the land 
where the corn grew, after they haue husked it, and the English to 
take care of their part and the Indians of what belonges to them, to 
get it conveyed into the towne for securety. 



journal of the council, &c. 375 

At a meeting of the Councill, Octob' 11, 1675. 

Wm. Leeie Esq. Dept. Gov'; Mr. Sam" Willys, Capt. Jn" Allyn, 
Mr. James Richards, Major Rob' Treate. 

The Councill writ a noate to Mr. Tallcot to desire him to take care 
to bring their Indians and Wongun Indians into the towne, and to 
help their corn into the town, according to a writeing deliuered to 
the Indians by the councill, or to Mr. Holister. Allso, Sarj' Kilborn 
moueing for a release, Mr. Tallcot procureing one of the Serj" ia 
their [his ?] roome, or some other suitable person, when that is 
attended Sarj' Kilborn is to be releassed. 

Upon the motion of Mr. John Holister, the Court did permitt him 
to hire two or three men to fortify his house and secure his corn on 
the east side of the Great River. 

Mr. Barth: Barnard, for neglect of his standing upon the guard, is 
fined 25. 6d. 

Thorn: Trill, for vnseasonably shooteing of his gun, owned by him 
before the Councill, is fined five shillings. 

Sam" Tallcott and Jos: Hadsdell, for wanting and not being on his 
guard two dayes a peice, are fined five shillings a peice for each day. 

Barth: Barnard, for his son's shooteing of his gun, is fyned fine 
shillings. 

The Councill doe recommend it to the Marshall to remoue what 
estate he can out of the warehouse, to some place in the towne, where 
it may be better secured. 

The Councill findeing a necessity to be more vigorous in suitable 
preparations for the secureing of o"" townes, and in speciall for o' head 
quarters in Hartford when the Councill sitts, doe order that there be 
Flankers placed in or neer the outside houses of the towne, so as that 
they may be able to command from Flanker to Flanker round the 
towne ; and that it be prosecuted and followed till it is accomplished ; 
and that a comittee be appoynted to order and disspose of the same 
and of what men shall carry on the worke and attend each Flanker 
in case of allarum. The Committee are Major Tallcott, Mr. Gard- 
ner, Mr. Gilberd, Ens: Standly, Mr. Blackleach, Tho: Bunce, James 
Steele, L"' Webster, C. John Gilburt, Georg Graue ; they, or the 
major part of them, are fully impowered to appoynt and require all 
the inhabitants and teames dilligently and seasonably to attend the 
worke in each respective place, without delay, till it be finished. 



376 journal of the council, &c. 

At a meeting of the Councill, Octob' 12"', 1675, at Hartford. 

Wm, Leete Esq. Dept. Gov'; Mr. Sam" Willys, Mr. Henry 

Woolcott, Mr. James Richards, C. John Allyn, Mr. John Wadsworth. 

The Council! sent a congratulatorie letter to the Gent" of East and 
South Hampton, with return of thankes for the cheese they sent, and 
an acco' of the news of the progress of the enemie ; a coppy whereof 
is on file. 

The Councill orders that the Constable of Hartford be appoynted 
to take acco' of the Indian men, women and children, belonging to 
Hartford, com in, and giue order that part of the watch keep con- 
stantly their eye upon them, and not to be released till the ward take 
their place, that they see none do them wroung in word or action. 
And after a list is taken, the list shall be returned to him that takes 
the next charge successively, and so call them over at every return, 
and giue thern strict order that none be abroad after sun sett, and 
none be absent but by leave and with a tickett (which shall be rea- 
dily granted upon any occasion, by Authority) or some English with 
them to preserue them from any prejudice from English as well as 
Indians. 

Whereas the Farmington Indians haue engaged fidelity to the 
English, as these at Hartford, Wethersfeild and Midleton haue done, 
for better obseruance whereof, these haue thankefully attended to 
set their wigwams where the authority apoynts, and there to be kept 
under the English watch and ward, for the prevention of being 
seduced or surprized by the Enemie, as some other Indians haue 
been, and not to goe forth without lycense from Authority, which 
shall be readily granted to them (upon all just and necessary occas- 
sions,) — thus the Councill do expect from Farmington Indians to ob- 
serue, and they shall find no wroung from the English by so doeing. 



At a meeting of the Councill, Octob' 13"', 1675, in Hartford. 

Wm. Leete Esq. Dept. Gov'; Mr. Sam" Willys, Mr. James Rich- 
ards, Major Rob' Treat, Capt. John Allyn. 

For the more ready accommodateing (as well with cloatheing as 
other prouission or armes necessary for any of o' prest souldiers,) 
Mr. James Steele being appoynted Commissary for all o' forces, is by 
the Councill impowered to take up wliat he judgeth needfull for any 
particular souldier, and place to the country acco' for each souldier 
respectiuely, and his order shall be a sufficient warrant for the same. 



JOURNAL OF THE COUNCIL, &.C. 377 

[The General Court convened on the 14th of October, and continued in 
session until the 21st. During this time, a letter was received from Gov. An- 
dros, of New York, (referred to on page 267, ante) which, with the reply of 
the Gen. Court, and a second letter from Gov. A. (in reply to one from the 
Council, of Oct. 6th,) are here given, from War, I. Docs. 20-22.] 

S'': An Indyan under a pretence of friendship, telling and affirming very 
confidently to one of this place, that there is an extraordinary Confederacy 
betweene all yo' neighbouring Indyans & eastward, (in which yo'' pretended 
friends to bee included) & designed this hght moone to attack Hartford itself, 
& some other places this way asfarre as Greenwich, of which being informed 
this morning, I have imediately dispatched this to give you acco' thereof, least 
there should bee something in it, though not so much as they report, being 
five or six thousand Indyans engaged together. 

I am, S'', Your humble servant, E. Andross. 

New Yorke, Oct. 10th, 1675. 

[Addressed to Dep. Gov. Leete, &c. "to be forthwith posted vp to the 
Court, — post, hast, post, — night & daye."] 

Hartford, Oct. 19th, 1675. 

Hon'''' Sir: Although we have all this summer beene alarmed & greatly 
distressed & charged by hostile appearances from almost every of y" ports & 
p'^ts of this Colony, wherein o"^ God hath made vs to be as a bush burneing yet 
not consumed in the midst of these flames ; notw"'standing w'^'' , we most 
thankfully accept yo" freindly lines of intelligence posted to vs so seasonably. 
Such Christian & neighbourly correspondence (we hope) may be remembered 
& retaliated, yea (possibly) to further helpfuUnes vnto yo' Honour's con- 
cernes in these p' ts according to capacity, as formerly hath beene, if any like 
day of danger should cloud yo'' horison, as now doth o''. Wee had before 
this came to vs from yo'^selfe, given an acco' of o'' state & exercise by these 
savage wars from insolent heathen ; that we might not be wanting in warne- 
ing to provide ag ' their pride, who may, if not curbed, disturb the whole wil- 
dernes ag*" o'' nation & his Ma"'^' interest & dominion therein ; against whome 
(we conceive & desire) that yo'' honour may take an elfectuall course to 
p''vent their pride & prevalency, by prohibiting y"^ being furnished w"' powder 
& lead or assisted by Indians from yo"^ parts, but rather, to doe against them in 
their mischievous designes ; but we find no hint of yo'' receipt thereof, in yo''" ; 
y/'^^ holds forth that o''* hath met with such delay in the convayance as yet we 
vnderstand not. For wee take o'^selves nationally obliged, in loyalty to 
o'' King, to be as neighbourly serviceable vpon these accounts, ag" barbarous 
natives as any of his Ma''" subiects, however distinct vpon o"' iust Pattent 
right, &c. Wherein yo'' honour may reciprocally finde vs to be, 

Hon""' Sir, Y"^ affectionate freinds & servants, 

WiLLM. Leete, 
with consent of the Gen" Court. 

For the Hon'''' Major Edmun Andross, &c. in New Yorke. Present. 

Gentlemen: Last night I received yo""^ of the 6th instant, and am (as from 
the beginning) very sensible of & much troubled at the Indyans continued 
depredations & successes, & misery of our Countreymen in those parts, and 
"have endeavoured not to bee wanting in my duty, though at the very first 
slighted & rejected. When I was at Albany, I tooke the occation on a Letter 
from Major Pincheon to the Commander & Commissaryes there, to returne 
him an answer myselfe, & of my endeavours, in which I have beene as care- 
full since as possible ; but no answ^ 

The 10th instant I gave you by Expresse an account of some Indyan 

32* 



378 JOURNAL OF THE COUNCIL, &C. 

Newes, of their designe on Hartford itself, &c. and immediately dispatclied 
Capt. Brockholes (my first Lieut.) to Albany, with reiterated orders to those 
parts for your advantage, as farre as I might, not having heard from you. 
But if you desire any thing further & please to send a fitt person, I shall bee 
ready to doe what is fitt for mee & serve you to my power ; being Yo' affec- 
tionate freind & humble Serv', E. Andross. 
New Yorke, Oct. 17th, 1675. 



At a meeting of the Councill, in Hartford, Octob' 26"", 1675. 

Mr. Sam" Willys, Mr. Henry Woolcott, C. John Allyn, Mr. James 
Richards, C. Benj: Newbery, Mr. Rich'' Lord, Mr. John Wadsworth, 
Mr. John Bankes. 

For Cornelius Hull : — These are in his Ma''" Name to will and 
require you to take under your conduct two souldiers out of this 
towne and those that came from Westfeild with you, being three, 
with those that belong to Westfeild, and with them three you are to 
march to Westfeild or at least so far as you can, and to make such 
discouery of the enemie as you may, and to post to us what inteli- 
gence you can of the enemie's motion, with all speed, as allso what 
you can gayn of the motion of o^ army. 

The Councill allso came to agreement w"" the Indians of these 
plantations in the county of Hartford, that they should be friendly to 
us and giue us hostages to assure us of their freindship to us and 
that no damage be done to us by them, which should be continued 
w* us till the war is over. The couenant under their hands is on file 
and bears date October 26, as will more fully appeare thereby. 



At a meeting of the Councill, Octob' 28"', 1675. 

Mr. Sam" Willys, Major John Tallcott, Capt. John Allyn, Mr. 
James Richards, Mr. Rich"^ Lord, Mr. John Wadsworth, Mr. John 
Bankes. 

The Councill writt a letter to Major Treat to inquire of him what 
forces were expected from the Bay, their time when they might be 
expected, and allso, aduised him not to pass into the feild w"'out suffi- 
ciency of strength to engage the enemy, in an ordinary course of 
prouidence, w"" God's blessing ; and allso, to order him, if the enemie 
should make this way, that he w"' his army should follow him with 
suitable force to repell him if he should endeauour to assault these 
plantations, notw"'standing any order from the Com", &c ; as by the 
coppy of the letter on file will more fully appeare. 



JOURNAL OF THE COUNCIL, &C. 



379 



At a meeting of the Councill, Octob' 29"", 1675, at Hartford". 

Mr. Sam" Willys, Major John Tallcott, Mr. James Richards, C. 
John Allyn, Mr. Rich'' Lord, Mr. Jn° Bankes. 

One of the hostages, viz. Sebawcatt, haveing made an escape from 
his guard this night, the Councill sent Owanecoe and some other In- 
dians to persue him and bring him back. 

John Prentice Jun', upon his petition, had the grant of a permitt 
to sayle from New London to the Island of Barbddoes, in the barke 
Adventure, with fiue men, prouided he carry no prohibited goods. 

Mr. Andrew Bellcher had a permit to sayle out of the Colony in 
his sloope, and to carry one hundred bush: of grayne with him. 

Upon the receipt of a letter from Major John Winthrop that in- 
formed of Ninicraft's purposs to deliuer to him those Phillipians that 
were w"' him, the Councill sent a letter to the s** Major Winthrop 
ordering him to receiue them and to deliuer the coats due for them, 
according to the agreement, and to giue him the two children he de- 
sires &c. as more perticularly will appeare by the coppy of the let- 
ter, on file. 



At a meeting of the Councill, Nou' 1", 1675. 

Mr. Sam" Willys, Major John Tallcott, Capt. John Allyn, Mr. 
James Richards, Mr. Rich'^ Lord, Mr. John Wadsworth. 

Owaneco and the Wonggum and Nayag* Indians haueing agreed 
to Hue together for the present, and the sayd Indians haueing put 
themselues voluntarily under the sayd Owanecoe's government, he 
is hereby permitted to Hue w"' those sayd people and to make a fort 
at Wonggum or Nayag, as they shall agree, and to govern them 
accordingly, till farther order. 

The Councill haueing receiued a letter from Mr. Joanes of New 
Haven, signifying Mr. Rosewell's refusall of a Captaine's place, and 
desireing that L"' Merriman may be appoynted Capt. of the Troop of 
Dragoones to be raysed in New Haven County, the Councill did ac- 
cordingly confirm him, and impower them to appoynt inferiour offi- 
cers for the s"' Troope. 

The Councill sent a letter to Major Treat wherein they gaue him 
directions how to demean themselues in theire march into the feild 

• The WoDgum Indians were on the east bank of Connecticut River, on lands included within 
the present townships of Portland and Chatham. Naog {al. Naiaug) was the southern part of 
(what is now) Glastenbury. 



380 JOURNAL OF THE COUNCIL, &C. 

against the enemie, vv''' impowering them to make such orders as 
they should judg necessary for the well governing the army ; as 
more fully will appeare by the coppy of y' letter, on file. 

The Councill being agayn mett, November 2^ 1675, writt a letter 
to o' Gov', desireing the Governo"^ to appoynt men to hear and deter- 
mine Mr. Harriss his business,* according to his Ma"" appoyntment ; 
to labour to keep off a war with the Narrogancetts, if it may be ; as 
p' the coppy of the letter on file will appeare. 

A coppy of his Ma"" letter is allso on file. 

They allso writt a letter to the Gouerno"' and Councill of Massa- 
chusetts, to giue a right understanding of xMajor Treat's actings, and 
to show the inconsistency of Capt. Appleton's actions with the acts 
of the Com" ; a coppy whereof is on file. 

Agayn, At a meeting of the Councill, Nou' 4"^, 1675 : 

It was ordered, that those that neglect the watch in Hartford shall 
pay a fine of fine shillings or ride the wooden horss a quarter of an 
hower. 

It was allso ordered, that dureing these times our fortifications are 
errecting, there shall of the guard, six of a side, by the corporall of 
the guard, be appoynled to stand sentinell, and the rest attend the 
fortification; and upon euery allarme, by the beat of the drum or 
otherwise, all to attend the places appoynted for them to repayre 
vnto. 

It is allso ordered, that the Marshall shall be desired and appoyn- 
ted to see that the Indian hostages now at Goodman Garratt's, be 
prouided with wood and other conveniences suitable, according as 
shall be directed by the Treasurer or other Authority. 

The Councill considering that at Windsor, the towne being so 
scattered as it is, it is difiicult to keep and mayntayn a millitary 
watch, doe recommend it to the Millitary officers of that towne to 
continue a double walkeing watch, as hath been formerly attended 
there since these present troubles have broke forth. 

The Councill granted Mr. Stevens of Salem and his company 
leaue to transport one hundred bushels of Indian corn for their fam- 
alyes' supply ; and twenty bushells for Mr. Pyam Blores.f 

• See the King's letter, and other documents relating to Mr. Harriss' case, in the Appendix, 
No. XX, 

t See page 284, ante ; where the name is spelled Bloer. " Mr. Pyam Blower" was admitted 
a freeman of Massachusetts Colony, Mar. 22, 1689-90. [Mass. Archives, Jntercharter, Vol. I. 
p. 60.1 



JOUKNAL OF THE COUNCIL, &.C. 381 

Nov 5. The Councill in answer to a letter from Major Win- 
throp, Capt. Mason and Capt. Avery, acquainted tiiem that those 
souldiers raysed for the defence of that county were not to be vnder 
pay ; and that they might accommodate the Pequots and Moheags 
w"' a small quantity of powder for their defence: as p' the letter on 
file will appeare. 

Nov. 9. The Councill by letter aduised Major Treat to contin- 
nue his forces at Northampton till they should receiue farther order, 
and not to march to Mendam without C. Apleton marched w"' him 
w"' his full three hundred men ; and that if the enemie should as- 
sault these plantations he should post to their releife with his whole 
strength ; as p' the letter on file will appeare. 

Nou' 10. The Councill signifyed by letter to Mr. Fitch their 
allowance of enterteining som praying Indians, and upon what 
tearms; as allso a grant to Mr. James Fitch Jun" to supply the Mo- 
heags and Pequots by smale quantities with powder to hunt w"', de- 
sireing Mr. Fitch Sen"' to see that he attend the Councill's order 
therein : as p' the letter on file will appeare. 



At a meeting of the Councill, Nov"' 15, 1675. 

Mr. Sam" Willys, Major John Tallcott, C. John AUyn, Mr. James 
Richards, Mr. Jn° Wadsworth. 

The Councill writt a letter to Capt. Apleton, shewing their dislike 
of his motions, and aduiseing him to a more amicable complyance 
and consult with his officers, &c : as p" the letter on file, more at 
large will appeare. 

The Councill allso by letter certifyed Major Treat that they had 
taken course to gayn inteligence of the enemies motions, and adui- 
sed him till farther order to continue w"' the army at Northampton ; 
as p"' the letters on file may appear. 

Novemb' 18. The Councill by a letter to Major Winthrop, adui- 
sed that the people of those plantations would kill and salt up what 
of their cattell were fitt to kill, and secure it in the best places they 
can from the enemie ; as allso to thrash and bake up their wheat into 
bread, for prouission for souldiers whoe should be sent into those 
places for their defence ; as p'' the letter on file may appeare. 



382 



JOURNAL OF THE COUNCIL, &C. 



At a meeting of the Councill, Nou' 22, 1675, in Hartford. 

Wm. Leet, Esq. Dep. Gov^ ; Mr. Sam" Willys, Major John Tall- 
cott, Mr. Henry Woolcott, Major Rob' Treat, C. John Allyn, Mr. 
James Richards, Mr. Wm. Joanes, Capt. John Nash, Capt. Ben: 
Newbery, Mr. Rich'' Lord, Mr. John Wadsworth. 

The Councill did order and impovver Major Gold to take special! 
order that the souldiers returned to that county under conduct of 
Capt. Seely, be forthwith prepared w"" accomadations of cloatheing, 
armes, and horss, sufficient for their march, when they shall be 
called forth, upon an bower's warning; and if any of the souldiers 
be disinabled for seruice, that other sufficient able men be prest to 
supply their places; and that ten hatchets be prouided for ten of the 
souldiers of that county, to be worn by their sides instead of swords. 

Whereas it was by the authority of this Colony solemnly recom- 
mended vnto the respective towns, for a speedy and effectuall care 
for fortifying and defence of the same and for expediteing thereof 
there should be meet persons chosen as a committee in each towne 
to see the same effected ; yctnotw"'standing, sundry persons, through 
refractorincsse or negligence, giue not attendance to sayd orders and 
agreements in their respectiue plantations, to the hazard of the safety 
of the whole, those that attend the seruice discouraged, and others 
neglect by their example, — It is therefore ordered that the respectiue 
committees in each town shall with all speed take a veiw of all such 
fortifications, and upon any defect in refuseing or neglecting to doe 
their proportions orderly layd out to them according to the true in- 
tent to answer the end aymed at for matter or manner, the sayd com- 
mittees shall giue imediate notice to them that are defectiue, that 
they without farther delay set about it and giue not over till finished ; 
and if they neglect after such warning, the sayd committee shall 
forthwith hire men effectually to finish the same, and upon the com- 
mittee's presentation thereof to any Assistant or Commissioner, there 
shall be destraint issued out on the delinquents' estate, to be imediately 
dissposed of, into such specice as may fully sattisfy all the charge for 
the finishing the sayd worke ; and farther, if the committees cannot 
hire men and teames other wayes, they shall haue power and order 
for the impressing men and teames for the speedy effecting the same. 
. Major Rob' Treat this day informed the Councill that findeing no 
footsteps of the enemie, by all their search made by scouts for many 
dayes past, up this River of Conccticott, and so judging the enemie 
were remoued, w"" the consent of Capt. Sam" Appleton, commander 



JOURNAL OF THE COUNCIL, &.C. 383 

in cheife, he hath remoued his army hither ; as by his certificate, 
dated Nov' 17, '75, may appeare, wliich is on file. 

The Councill, according to the recommendation of the Hono"''' Com" 
doe order and appoynt that the second day of December next be ob- 
serued and kept as a solem day of publique prayer and humiliation, 
in all the congregations and plantations in this Colony, to supplicate 
the Lord's pardoning mercy and compassion towards his poore peo- 
ple, and for successe in o'' endeauoures for the repelling of the rao-e 
and insolencie of the enemie.* 

The Councill, haueing veiwed the acts of the Commissioners and 
considered the same, doe see good feason to comply with them so far 
as to agree that we will send o' proportion of 1000 men upon the de- 
signe according to the articles of confederation. And we allow of 
the Hono"^ Major Josiah Winslow to be Commander in Cheife of the 
vnited army, and doe nominate and impower Major Rob' Treat to be 
the second in command, who in case of exchange or failure, to suc- 
ceed as cheife, whilst in our Colony. 



At a meeting of the Councill, in Hartford, Nov'' 23, 1675. 

Wm. Leet Esq. Dept. Gov' ; Major Nath: Gold, Major John Tall- 
cott, Mr. Henry Woolcott, C. John Allyn, Mr. James Richards, Mr. 
Wm. Joanes, Major Rob' Treat, Capt. John Nash, Capt. Benj: Nu- 
bery, Mr. John Wadsworth. 

The Councill order that the Treasurer send three barrells of pow. 
der to New London for the present expedition, and seven hundred 
waight of lead, and a stock of flints. 

The Councill ordered that the three hundred bushell of wheat, 
three barrells of powder, nine hundred waight of bulletts and stock 
of flints, and the chees now at New London, with what els shall be 



* The Commissioners of the U. Colonies met (by adjournment,) at Boston, on the 2d of No- 
vember. They made a formal declaration of war against the Narragansett Indians ; ordered 
1000 men to be raised, from the several colonies; appointed Gov. Winslow, of Plymouth, Com- 
mander-in-chief, agreeing that the second in command should be appointed by the General 
Court or Council of Connecticut, when the forces should be in that Colony ; ordered the Con- 
necticut soldiers to rendezvous at Norwich, Stonington and New London, and those of Massa- 
chusetts and Plymouth, at Rehoboth. Providence and Warwick, by the 10th of December ; and 
recommended to the several Colonies to appoint a day of humiliation and prayer for the success 
of the enterprise in which they were about to engage, on the 2d of December. See a copy of 
the doings of the Comm'rs, and Gov. Winslow's commission (signed by all the Comm'rs,) in 
War, I. 24-26 ; and a letter from the Comm'rs to the Connecticut Council, dated Nov. 12tb, 
[lb. 27.] See also, Haz.St. Papers, II. 531, 532. 



384 JOURNAL OF THE COUNCIL, &C. 

sent for the army, be deliuered to Mr. Josh: Raymond of New Lon- 
don, whoe is ordered forthwith to take care that the corne be baked 
into bread and secured in his hands, with what els may be deliuered 
to him, to deliuer it out of his hands agayn by order from the Major 
of the army or the Commissary, he keeping an acco' of what he de- 
liuers and to whome, and what he receiues and by whome. 

Steven Barrett is appoynted Commissary of ^e army, and is im- 
powered to grant tickets for the quartering of men and horss, and 
allso by his warrants to impress such other conveniences as shall be 
necessary for the souldierie, by the appoyntment of the Major or 
other Commanders. 

The Councill orders that there be three hundred bushells of wheat 
raysed for the supply of the arn)y, to be forthwith prepared ; one 
hundred and fifty bushells out of the county of Hartford, and one 
hundred bushells out of the county of Fayrefsild, and fifty out of 
New Hauen county ; to be forthwith convayed to New London, then 
to be grownd and baked into biskitt. The Treasurer to take order 
for that to be raysed in Hartford county ; Mr. Bryant and L"' Fow- 
ler to prouide for that of New Haven county, in Milford ; Major 
Gold, Mr. John Burr and Mr. Joseph Hawley to rayse that for 
Fayrefeild, in those towns where it may be best and most speedily be 
had and convayed as afoarsayd. This to be accomplished at or be- 
fore the first of the next moneth ; and the afoarsayd committee are 
impowered to impress men and corne or vessells, according as there 
shall be occasion, to accomplish as afoarsayd. 

The Councill haueing ordered to send their proportion of a thow- 
sand men to guarde our frontiers, according to the order of the Com- 
missioners, doe order that the men be raysed as followeth : — out of 
Hartford County, those that haue allready been on the service and 
are present fitt for seruice, and soe many added as may make it one 
hundred and tenn ; and out of New Haven County, sixty-three ; and 
out of Fayrfeild County, seventy-two ; and out of New London 
County, seventy : all to be raysed in like manner as those of Hart- 
ford County. The souldiers of Fayrefeild to be proportioned and 
raysed by the Assistants and Commissioners of Fayrefeild County : 
those of New Haven to be raysed and proportioned by the Assistants 
of that County: those of Hartford to be raysed and proportioned by 
those of the Councill of Hartford County : those of New London to 
be raysed, eighteen at Norwich, forty at New London, Stoneington 
and Lyme, at Saybrooke eight, and Kellingworth fewer. All sol- 
diers to be fitted with armes and ammunition suitable ; to be trans- 



JOURNAL OF THE COUNCIL, &.C. 385 

ported soe as they may be at New London before the tenth of Decem- 
ber next, there to attend their Major's order. The Assistants and 
Commissioners of New Haven and Fayrefeild are to see to the diss- 
patch and transport of all persons and things, in due order and season 
as afoarsayd, from theire respectiue countyes. 

It is ordered that ten good serviceable hatcliets be provided in each 
county for the use of the army, and ten soldiers to carry them in- 
stead of swordes. 

The Councill orders and prohibits the transportation of all sort of 
provission out of the county of New London for the space of two 
moneths from the date hereof, without speciall license from the Coun- 
cill, upon the penalty of forfeiting all such prouissions as shall be 
shipped for transportation, or the value thereof; and all constables 
are required to take speciall care that this order be attended. And 
one-third of all forfeitures that shall arise by vertue of any discoue- 
rie of the breach of this order shall be and belong to the discouerer. 

A letter to Major Winthrop was sent, a coppy whereof is on file. 

Nov' 24. Major Treat's com" was granted, and is on file. 



At a meeting of the Councill, Ngu"" 25, 1675. 

Wm. Leet Esq. Dept. Gov'; Mr. Sam" Willys, Major John Tall- 
cott, Mr. Wm. Joanes, Mr. Henry Woolcott, Mr. James Richards, 
C. John Allyn, C. John Nash, Mr. Sam" Tallcott, Capt. Ben: Nube- 
ry, Mr. Rich'' Lord, Mr. John Wadsworth. 

Whereas Owanecoe hath taken seuerall captiues of the Phillipe- 
ans, these are to certify that the Councill doe leaue it with him to 
dispose of them by sale or otherwayes as he shall find most advanta- 
gious to himselfe. 

The Councill ordered Mr. Rob' Chapman to examin such vessells 
as pass out of theire port, to see that they doe not transgress the order 
of the Court about transporting of graine. 

The Councill doth grant Mr. Wm. Jones liberty to transport ten 
pownds worth of hides and tallowe, and ten pownds in pease, Indian 
and ry, for the supply of his famaly in tiecessaries. 

The Councill doe grant Mr. James Bishop liberty to transport 
foure or fine hides, the tanner being not able to tann them, for the 
supply of his famaly. 

The Councill ordered that the hundred and ten men that were to 
be raysed in the county of Hartford shall be raysed as followeth : — 
33 



386 



JOURNAL OF THE COUNCIL, tC. 



out of Hartford, thirty ; out of Windsor, twenty-eight ; out of Weth- 
ersfeild, twenty-three ; out of Farmington, fifteen ; out of Midleton, 
foureteene : — and the connmanders are to haue each of them a horss, 
and euery three souldiers a horss between them. 

It is ordered that the wages that shall be allowed for each officer, 
souldier and horss, be as followeth : — the Major shall haue thirty 
shillings p'' week ; a captaine, twenty shillings ; a liuetenant, sixteen 
shillings ; an ensigne, foureteene shillings, a seargeant, twelue shil- 
lings ; and a priuate souldier, eight shillings p'week. And for each 
horsse, three shillings p' weeke. All this to be payd out of the pub- 
lique treasury : and two men in eacli and euery towne are to pass 
and signe euery one's payment that is due from the Treasurie. 
And for quarterage, for a man, fiue shillings p' weeke, and for horss 
pasturage, four pence a day. 

Those appoynted to signe bills are, — for N. Haven, Mr. Bishop 
and Capt. Nash ; for Millford, Mr. Alex: Bryant and Capt. Tho: 
Topping ; Brandford, Mr. John Wilford, Mr. Barker ; for Guilford, 
John Graue, Wm. Johnson ; for Wallingford, Mr. Jn° Moss, Ens: 
Sam" Munson ; for Stratford, Capt. Curtice, Mr. Dauid Mitchell ; 
for Fayrefeild, Major Gold, Mr. John Burr ; for Norwalke, L"' Olm- 
steed, Mr, Fitch ; for Standford, Greenwich and Rye, Mr. Lawes 
and Mr. Holly; for Kenilworth, Mr. Griswould, Benj: Crane; for 
Saybrooke, Capt. Chapman and L"' Pratt ; for Lyme, Mr. Gris- 
would, L"' Marvin; for New London, Mr. Witherell, Mr. Josh: 
Raymond; Stonington, Mr. Tho: Minor, Nehemy Palmer; for Nor- 
wich, Mr. Tracy, Mr. Bradford ; Windsor, Mr. Woolcott and Capt. 
Clarke ; for Hartford, Mr. Lord and L"' Gardner ; Wethersfeild, 
Mr. Tallcott, Mr. James Treat ; Farmington, Mr. Wadsworth, 
L"' Steele ; Midleton, Mr. White and Mr. Cheeny ; for Haddum, 
Ensigne Spencer, Georg Gates. 

Major Rob' Treat is appoynted commander in chcife till he com 
to the place of rendesvouze of the united army ; and second, when 
he comes up with the vnited army. Capt. Benj: Newbery is ap- 
poynted eldest captayn of the company, and in case of faylure of the 
Major, he is to succeed him in his place. Captain Mason is to be 
the 3d in command ; Capt. Watts, tho fourth ; Captayn Auery, the 
fift; L"' Nath: Seely, six ; L"' John Miles, 7th. 

Nou' 20. The Councill haucing rece'' letters from Mr. Ely, in 
behalfe of Joshua, and from Mr. Griswould in behalfe of the Nianti- 
cutt Indians, made return to them, appoynting them to be prepared 
to assist against the enemic ; as p' the coppyes on file may appeare. 



journal of the council, &c. 387 

At a meeting of the Councill in Hartfokd, Nov' 27, 1675. 

Wm. Leet Esq. Dept. Gov'; Mr. Sam" Willys, Major Jn° Tall- 
cott, C. John Allyn, Mr. James Richards, Mr. Richd. Lord. 

The Councill upon intelligence from New London, ordered that 
the forces raysed to defend the country against the enemie, doe forth- 
with march into New London County, to defend New London, Stone- 
ington and Norwich ; and the Councill by an express to Major 
Rob' Treat, gaue him order to rally those forces raysed in New 
Hauen County and Fayrefeild County, and to make y' best of his 
way by water or land to N London, for the end afoarsayd ; if by 
land, then euery commission officer to haue a horss to himselfc, and 
euery three soldiers to haue a horss between them ; as by the coppy 
of the letter to tlie Major, on file, more at large it will appeare. 

Nov' 28, 1675. The Councill by a letter aduised Major Winthrop 
and Mr. Wilherly of the appoyntment they had made of Major 
Treat's marching forthwith to their releife, and desireing of them to 
engage the Pequotts and Moheags to destroy the enemie, what they 
could ; and allso, to desire them to certify Mr. James Noyse that we 
had appoynted him to be minister to o' army, and therefore we desire 
him to prepare himselfe to go forth w '' them ; as p' the coppy of the 
letter on file will appeare. 

A like letter was sent to Mr. Fitch, desireing him to encourage the 
Indians, Moheags and Pequots against the enemie, and actually to 
engage them as much as may be, and to be carefull what ammunition 
was put into their hands, dtc. as p' the letter on file. 



At a meeting of the Councill, Nov' 29, 1675, in Hartford. 
Wm. Leet Esq. Dep. Gov' ; Mr. Sam" Willys, Major John Tallcot, 
Mr. James Richards, Capt. John Allyn, Mr. Richd. Lord. 

The Councill gaue Owaneco by letter an acco' of what intelligence 
was com to hand, and allso commissioned him to doe his best to as- 
sault the enemie, &c. as p' the originall on file will appeare. Mr. 
Richd. Lord was appoynted to goe to Owaneco and giue him an un- 
derstanding of o' commission sent him. 

Nou' 30. Capt. Newbery being disinaf)led to goe forth in this ex- 
pedition, Sam". Marshall was appoynted Captaine, and commissioned 
accordingly with the rest of the officers. 



388 JOURNAL OF THE COUNCIL, &C. 

December 1''. The Councill did farther commissionat Major 
Treat to take the conduct of o' army, and to take speciall care of the 
Reverend Mr. Bulkly and Mr. Noyse ; and they allso commanded 
all the captaines and 1"" of the army to be tender and carefuU of 
Major Treat that he be not exposed to too much hazard, and that they 
alott him a sufficient guard to attend his person at all times ; with 
an aduice that they avoyd whateuer may be provokeing to God ; 
and that they behaue themselues valiantly and couragiously, &;c. as 
p' the coppy on file will appeare. 

The Councill gaue instructions to Capt. Wells and Capt. Marshall, 
for their march to New London, and how to dispose of the ammuni- 
tion : as p' the coppy on file will appear. 

Decemb' 10, 1675. Vpon the receipt of a letter from the Commis- 
sioners, the Councill returned that according to their order they had 
sent their forces to New London, and they were there ready expect- 
ing their farther orders ; as p"' the coppy on file may appeare. 

The Councill allso, by a letter to Major Treate, manifested their 
approbation of what he had done in endeavouring to procure wheat at 
Norwich and New London ; and advised him to anim.ate and en- 
courage the Indians what he could against the common enemie, 
w"" promise of rewards for their well doeing, &c : as p' the letter on 
file will appeare. 



At a meeting of the Councill, Decemb' 11, 1675, in Hartford. 
Wm. Leet Esq. Dep. Gov'; Mr. Sam" Willys, Major John Tall- 
cott, Capt. John Allyn, Mr. James Richards, Mr. Rich'' Lord. 

Major Treat informing that Mr. James Noyse could not attend to 
goe out with o' army, the Councill appoynted Mr. Nicholas Noyse 
to goe forth with o' army, and writt to him to that purpose ; a coppy 
whereof is on file. 



At a meeting of the Councill in Hartford, Decemb' 12, 1675. 

Wm. Leet Esq. Dept. Gov'; Mr. Sam" Willys, Major John Tall- 
cott, Capt. John Allyn, Mr. James Richards, Mr. Richard Lord. 

The Councill being desired by Norwich inhabitants to affoard 
them some guard whilst the army are in the feild, they bordering 
upon the enemie and haucing so many in the feild, the Councill or- 



JOURNAL OF THE COUNCIL, &C. 389 

dered that there should be sent ten from Hartford County, and eight 
from New Haven County, and eight from Fayrefeild County, to lye 
in garrison at Norwich ; and accordingly sent a letter to the Assis" of 
New Haven and Fayrefeild County, to post away theirs to Saybrook, 
to meet with those from these parts, and so to march on to Norwich : 
as p"' the letter on file will appeare. 



At a meeting of the Councill in Hartford, Decemb"" 17, 1675. 

Wm. Leete Esq. Dep. Gov'; Mr. Sam" Willys, Major John Tall- 
cott, Mr. Henry Woolcott, Mr. James Richards, Capt. John Allyn, 
Capt. Benj: Newbery, Mr. Richd. Lord, Mr. John Wadsworth. 

The Councill by a letter to Major Gold and the Assis" of N. Ha- 
ven, ordered them to appoynt a convention of the ministers of those 
two countyes, w"' Mr. Woodbridge and Mr. Buckingham, to meet 
them at New Haven some day next week, in the fear of God to make 
dilligent search for those euills amongst us which have stirred up the 
Lord's anger against us, that they being discovered may, by repent- 
ance and reformation, be thrown out of o' camp and hearts ; and 
they were allso desired to send up there conclusions to the Councill, 
the following weeke, by Mr. Wakcman and Mr. Eliott: and allso, 
an order to send one hundred and fifty bush: of wheat to N. London ; 
as p' the letter on file. 

The Elders and Ministers of this County were appoynted to meete 
w"' the Assistants at Hartford for the same end upon the next Tews- 
day, which will be the 21"" of this month. 



At a meeting of the Councill, in Hartford, Decemb' 28, 1675. 

Wm. Leet Esq. Dep. Gov'; Major John Tallcott, Capt. John Al- 
lyn, Mr. James Richards, Mr. Richd. Lord. 

The Councill considering the present state of aflfdyres and that it 
may be expected that the enemie may make some assault upon the 
plantations to ravage for provisions, haue thought meet to order and 
command that those that continue on the east side the River in the 
plantations of Hartford, Windsor and Wethersfeild, doe forthwith re- 
payre into good and sufficient garrisons, in such manner for num- 
bers as that in an ordinary course of God's Providence they may be 
able to defend themselves ; and that their graine of all sorts be 
33* 



390 JOURNAL OF THE COUNCIL, &C. 

brought into the townes or secured in som garrison on that side ; 
and that they kill and secure all their swine that are fitt to be killed ; 
and that they keep no armes nor ammunition but in garrison houses, 
except what they carry about w"" them ; and that they keep and 
mayntayne good and sufficient watches by night and wardes by day, 
for their owne defence and securety, or elce send scouts to range 
the woods by day, to discouer the approach of an enemie. The 
Constables in each plantation were forthwith to declare this order to 
the inhabitants within their respectiue limits and to require theit at- 
tendance accordingly. 

Mr. Joseph Fitch is appoynted comander of these sixty dragoones 
raysed in Hartford County (by order of the Gen" Court,) in the 
stead of Lnt. John Stedman deceased. 



At a meeting of the Councill, January the 4"' & 5'^, 1675. 

Wm. Leete Esq. Dep. Gov'; Mr. Sam'' Willys, Major John Tall- 
cott, Mr. Henry Woolcolt, Capt. John Allyn, Mr. James Richards, 
Capt. Benj: Newbery, Mr. Richd. Lord, Mr. John Wadsworth. 

The Councill wrote a letter to Major Palmes, to desire him to ac- 
commadate Major Treat with a quantity of powder and lead for the 
army, to be payd for it out of the country rate. 

The Councill allso wrot a letter to Mr. Witherel and Mr. Ray. 
mond, to procure for o' army whateuer is needfull, and in special! 
with a peice or two of duffells ; and that they should encourage the 
Pequots and Moheags to fall upon the enemie and to supply them 
with ammunition, in sucli a prudent maner as they shall well im- 
prove it. 

A letter allso was wrote to Major Treat, to informe him of our 
order concerning the supply of the army, and the comanders &c. a 
coppy whereof is on file. 

A letter allso was sent to the Com" to inform them of the receipt 

of their order, and our opinion thereabouts ; a coppy whereof is on 

file. 

[This copy has not been preserved. Two letters from the Commissioners, 
received about this time, and one of which accompanied tlie order (for rais- 
ing additional forces) here referred to, are inserted, from War, I. 28, 29.] 

Hon" Gentlemen. By the inclosed you will see what we have been ne- 
cessitated to conclude upon, in prosecution of what by Divine Providence we 
are so deeply ingaged in. No doubt but it will be diflicult for you, all things 
considered, to rayse so many new forces, but how it will be avoyded, we 
see not, for we cannot but thinke, should there be too long a cessation after 



JOURNAL OF THE COUNCIL, &C. 391 

we have made such a beginning, or should we proceed with too weake a 
hand, the enemy being now conjoyned & so numerous, there will be more 
advantage & tyme lost than will easyly be ever recovered again. AVe doe 
therefore earnestly, on behalf of the publick, & that precious interest that we 
are contending for, entreat you not to hesitate or too long delay ; lest thereby 
there be a discouragem' put upon the worthy Generall & such others as the 
Lord hath inclined to venture themselves in this service. The particular ac- 
count of what hath passed in the Narrowganset Country,* we know you will 
receive from yo' own commanders, so that Ave shall only desire a speedy 
answer to this of ours ; commending you earnestly & all your counsels & re- 
solves to the mercifull conduct and blessing of Allmighty God, remayn, 
Gent", Your loueing freinds & servants, 

Thomas Danforth, in y^ name 
Boston, 25: 10: 75. & with the consent of the Commis- 

sioners of the United Colonies. 

Boston, 28" 10: 16 75. 

Hon'"'' Gent" : We had a deep sense of the necessity that the present op- 
pertunity for the subduing of the enemy be vigorously prosecuted, they being 
now united into one body ; for that, if through any neglect or slackness on 
o'' part, they have again the benefit of the warme spring to scatter, Avee may 
feare that the event thereof Avilbee that the lives & habitations of multitudes 
of the Enghsh must go for theire lives. We are not ignorant of the great dif- 
ficulty and hardship of the undertaking ; but yet, if God calls vs therein to 
waite on him, it Avilbee o'' Avisdom as Avell as duty, Avith cheerefulness & hu- 
mility to submit to his good pleasure. 

Gent", Ave do not thus argue as apprehending yo''rselves had not the like 
sence of o"^ present state, but rather that Avee may have yo'' charity that o'' con- 
clusions are on o'' part judged to bee of absolute necessity, and are Avith dili- 
gence to bee prosecuted by all that desire the peace of these plantations. 
We have not yet had a return from Plimouth Council, but question not theire 
readiness to prosecute to their utmost ability. 

The Councill of the Mattachusetts are this day assembled to rayse iheire 
soldiers, appoyit officers, and take care for provisions. 

AVee have no more to add, onely do desire that in all the Colonys, all pos- 
sible care may bee taken for the provision of the soldiers Avith food and suita- 
ble clothing, that the cold season may not bee too extreem pinching upon 
. them. AVee apprehend 'tis a far less taske for the Avhole Country noAv, as 
one man, to go through Avhat is of necessity to bee attended for the furnishing 
of such a company as are agreed upon, then to suffer the sad & deplorable 
consequences of a neglect. 

AVee are informed of yo'' care for provisions, and the sealing up thereof by 
the hand of God, but yet that must not obstruct yo"^ further endeavo". You 
have the sea side that is open, and the inhabitants there Ave hope, through 
the Lord's goodness, are full handed. So that if you did take order for the 
provisions of the Avhole army from thence, and the other colonys take care to 

* The great Narragansett " fort fight," had taken place, Dec. 19th, a few days before the date 
of this letter. In that action, nearly a thousand Indians, and more than 200 of the English, 
were killed and wounded. Connecticut suffered more severely than either of her sister colo- 
nies. Of her 300 men, 80 were killed and wounded ; (about 40 were killed or died of their 
wounds ;) three of her five captains, Seely, Marsliall and Gallop, were killed in the attack, and a 
fourth, Capt. Mason, was mortally wounded. So great had been the loss of officers and men, 
that Major Treat judged it necessary to return to Connecticut to recruit his forces an j|secure 
medical attendance and a chance of recovery to the wounded men. See Hubbard's Ind. Wars, 
135-144 ; Hutchinson's Hist. I. 297-300 , Trumbull's H. of Conn. I. 338-341. 



392 JOURNAL OF THE COUNCIL, &C. 

pay theire parts in cloathing and ammunition, it's apprehended that it might 
bee done on far easier terms than from Boston, and less disappointment to 
the soldiers. If you want vessells to accommodate such an undertaking, we 
shall take care to provide them. Our solicitude that there may be no disap- 
pointment on any hand dotli cause us to reiterate o'' lines; and we do In* 
treate that by the first, we may have Intimation of yo'^ receipt hereof, & of 
yo'' resolves thereon ; that so wee may order the conjunction of the forces so 
as may be most advantagious to the publique interest and least inconvenlency 
to any concerned. Praj'Ing that the tender mercies of the Lord may be 
towards this part of his Israel in o' low estate, wee take leave, and are, Gent", 
yo' friends and serv'% the Commission" of the Colonys. 

J. WiNTHROP, Thomas Danforth, Preside, 

Wait Winthrop, Wiliam Stougiiton, 

josiah w1nsi.ow. 

[/ra the margin .•] The Council of the Mattachusetts have sent 2 Natick 
Indians as spyes to y° Narrogansetts. Their signes for their security is the 
laying downe their armes (if they have any) spreading their hands, and open- 
ing their breasts ; & so much wee are desired to intimate to you. 

Household bread, w^'' any may bake, cheese &c. will be very good provis- 
ion, and may be accomplished w'''out any difficulty. 

A letter allso was wrote to the Assistants of Fayrefeild and New 
Haven, wherein there was ordered that there should be raysed out 
of N. Haven County, 33 men, and Fayrefeild County, 37 men, for 
the next expedition ; and out of Fayrefeild County, a commander 
to be raysed &c.; and 80 bushels of wheat out of New Haven 
County, and 120 busliels, of Fayrefeild County, to be sent to New 
London to be baked there into bread. Out of New London County, 
24 men to be raysed, viz : out of Kenilworth, two ; of Saybrook, 4 ; 
out of Lime, 2 ; out of New London, 9 ; out of Stoneington, 4 ; and 
out of Norwich, 3 ; all with armes and ammunition compleat to be 
ready to march upon call &;c. as p"' the letters on file. 

Out of Hartford County, 56 is to be raysed as follovveth, viz : out 
of Windsor, 15 ; Hartford, 16 j Wethersfeild, 10; Farmington, 7 ; 
Midleton, 6 ; Haddam, 2. 



At a meeting of the Councill, in Hartford, January 10, 1675. 

Wm. Leete Esq. Dep. Gov' ; Mr. Sam" Willys, Major Robert 
Treat, Mr. James Richards, Mr. Richard Lord, Capt. John Allyn. 

For the better regulateing their forces and keeping their souldiers 
to their duty, and to prevent profancsse it is ordered p'' the Councill, 
as followeth : — 

1. That whosoeuer shall presume to blaspheme the holy and 
blessed Trinity, God the Father, God tlie Son, or God the Holy 



JOURNAL OF THE COUNCIL, &.C. 393 

Ghost, shall sutTer the paynes of haueing his tongue bored throw 
with a red liot iron. 

2. Unlawful! oathes or execrations, and scandolous acts in deroga- 
tion of God's honour, shall be punished with loss of pay, and other 
punishments at discression. 

3. All those whoe often and wilfully absent themselves from tli'e 
pub: worship of God, and prayer, shall be proceeded against at dis- 
cression. 

4. Whosoever shall be convicted to omit or doe his duty negli- 
gently and carelessly, shall be punished at discression. 

5. No man shall presume to quarrell with his superiour officer, 
vpon payne of punishment as the Councill of War shall determine; 
nor to strike any such, upon payne of the loss of his ears. 

6. No commander or souldier shall depart from his charge or cap- 
tainew' out license, vpon payn of death or such other severe punish- 
ment as the nature of the otfence shall require. 

7. Every priuate souldier, upon payne of imprisonment, shall 
keep silence when the army is to take lodging or imbattalioe, [in 
iattalio ?'\ so as their officers may be heard and their commands 
executed. 

8. No man shall resist, draw, lift, or offer to draw or lift his 
weapon against his officer correcting him orderly for his offence, 
upon payne of death or other severe punishment. 

9. No man shall vtter any words of sedition or mutiny, upon 
payne of death or other severe punishment. 

10. No man shall resist the Provost Marshall or any other officer 
in executing of his office, upon payne of severe punishment accord- 
ing as the nature of the offence shall require. 

11. They that shall heare mutinous speeches and not acquaint 
their commanders with them, shall be punished with some severe 
punishment. 

12. Drunckennesse in an officer shall be punished with loss of 
place ; and in a priuate souldier, with such punishment as a court 
marshall shall thinke fitt. 

13. Rapes, rauishments and sodomy shall be punished w"' death. 

14. Fornication and other dissolute laciuiousnesse shall be pun- 
ished w"' discression, according to the quality of the offence. 

15. Theft and robbery shall be punished with restitution and oth- 
erwise at discression. 

16. Murther shall be expiated with the death of the murtherer. 

17. All souldiers comeing to their colours to watch, or to be ex- 



394 JOURNAL OF THE COUNCIL, &C. 

ercised, or to seruice, sliall com compleatly armed, and armcs well 
fixt, upon payne of punishment. 

18. If" any shall negligently loose or sinfully play away their 
armes at cardes or dice, or otherwayes, they shall be kept as pion- 
eers or scavengers till they furnish themselues with good armes. 

19. None shall presume to spoyle, sell or carry away any ammu- 
nition committed to him, upon payne of death, or such other severe 
punishment as the nature of the offence shall require. 

20. No souldier shall outstay his pass, without a certificate of the 
occasion vnder the hand of a magistrate, upon payn of looseing his 
pay. 

By arbitrary punishment, or discression is meant not to extend to 
hazard of life or limbe. 

Tins to be published to the army whoe are vnder the conduct of 
Major Rob' Treate. 

A letter was sent to Major Palmes and Mr. VVitherly to desire their 
assistance and care in preparing for the sould"; as p' the letter on 
file will appeare. 

[War, I. 34, c ] 

Hartford, January lO'h, 1C75. 

Hon''' Gent: The Hon"' Maior Treat comeing vp to Hartford vnexpectedly 
to give an aeco' of the expedition & to advise with vs about quartering or 
further motion, it is also told vs of soniew' tliat lookes like disorder in some 
of o'' souldyers by comeing back from the confederate army w"'out passe or 
leave from y Chcife Comanders. We wish such caryages may [be] reflected 
vpon & reconciliation & p don sought with best argum' that can be given 
from the necessity of selfe-p servation in such an extreame season, in places of 
disadvantage. But to avoid & p'vent such disorder for the future. Wee de- 
sire yourselves, eai h & eitlier of you (as INIagestraticall Com") & all y others 
in such capacity witliin that County of New London, to assist the military 
officers for keeping all the p'st souldyers in their respective places of quarters 
■where they are or may be apolntcd together, w '' all their armes & ammuni- 
tion ready fitted & fixed for seruice, w they shall haue order to march or be 
improved : And that they duely behaue y selves both at home & abroad, ac- 
cording to the orders inclosed, in expectation of like penaltyes for misde- 
meanours respectiuely. 

Also you are desired to see a dispatch made in p'serueing & p pareing the 
biskett & all other p visions & ammunition in the Magazine, by the Comissary. 
The INIaior is gone downe to the other Countyes at seaside, to hasten our 
furthei- recruits both of men & provisions, etc. & he intends to returne to his 
souldyers with you within a few days, and there to receive further orders 
from tiie Counsell here. AVe hope & doe desire that ]\Ir. Palmes will not 
delay to take liis Oath, for the end aforesaid ; & that Capt. Avery attend his 
Commission sent him formerly. And whereas we sent a letter or parquet 
of letters to Major Treate, in w'-'' there was inclosed a letter to the Hon'''' 
Com" which he was desired to peruse & se:ile it up, and give convayance of 
it according as (firccted, please; in the absence of the Major to take the care 
of those letters directed to the Com'-, and post them on, with what is now 
sent to be so cojivayed to Boston. Gent', Your alfectionate freinds. 

These for Mnjor Edward Palmes Tiio Councill of Connecticott, &c. 

& Mr. Dan" Witherly, at N. London, 



journal of the council, &c. 395 

The Councill mett againe, January 11, 1675. 

Wm. Leet Esq. Dept. Gov""; Mr. Sam" Willys, Major John Tall- 
cott, Mr. Henry VVoolcott, Mr. James Richards, Major Rob' Treat, 
Capt. John Allyn, Capt. Ben: Nevvbery, Mr. John VVadsworth. 

Major Rob' Treate being to goe to Milford to vissit his family, the 
Councill desired and impowered the said Major, Major Gold and such 
Assistitnts and Com"^" as are present there, to supply such officers as 
are wanting in that part of o' army that belongs to Fayrefeild Coun- 
ty, and to return their names that they shall appoynt, that they may 
be commissionated accordingly ; (the Councill are informed that 
Leifi"' Judson may be a suitable p'son ;*) as allso, to forward the 
rayseing and fitting men for this expedition, according to the order 
of the Councill ; as allso, to assist in rayseing the wheat ordered for 
the soldiers, to be sent to New London, in wheat, meale or bread, 
with its transport, in the safest and most expeditious way they may ; 
and allso, to take up such cloathing and shoes from those parts as 
you judg convenient ; and to farther the adding of anoti.er 6cZ. rate to 
the former and to make it a 12d. rate ; and if there be any chirur- 
gions, medicines or gunsmiths, y' can be procured, to provide what 
is needfull ; (and to returne to his charge, by Hartford way, within 
8 dayes, to New London.*) 

There was allso a letter drawn and sent to the Com" of the Vnited 
Colonyes, wherein proposition is made in I'efference to o" army, that 
they, w"" two hundred of the Bay joyned with them, might march 
out against the enemy, from Stonington or Norwich, and the rest of 
the forces march from Narrogancett, and so come upon the enemy 
both wayes ; as p*^ the letter on file will appeare. 

[Draft, by Dep. Gov. Leete, in War, I. 34, a.] 

Hartford, January 11"', 1675. 
Much hon''' Gent: 

Since the return of Maior Treat to quarter about N. London, according 
to yo' former advice & permission of the Gen", & p'tly a necessity to haue 
reduced some of his souldyers that were gone ofl' so as might be app'hended 
disorderly ; yet all things considered on their behalfe, they haueing lost 
y"^ head officers & haueing suffered so much in that extreanie season, in the 
place of their abode, being in a house without walls (w"'' did threaten ruine 
or vtter disablem' for future service) it may plead for some pacificat" towards 
raw souldjers, vnacquainted w"' marsball discipline. And we the rather 
thus apologize for them, for that if seventy should be vsed in blameing them 
so to seeke refuge in a case so circumstanced, it might make o'^ worke too diffi- 
cult for further recruits needfull in such a season ; & surely discouragem'^ would 
[should ?'] be removed out of o'' way in this matter. Another thing we would 
also p'pound, that seeing the enemy is said to be so near vs, & our men must 

* The words in parenthesis are interlined, in the hand of Gov. Leete. 



396 JOURNAL OF THE COUNCIL, &C. 

march so far beyond them to quarter, where no shelter is like to bee to con- 
taine them, & so hard for vs to convay accommodation suitable to them ; and 
when they doe come together there (possibly) the want of a compleat accord 
in y= mauageni' may happen and dishearten ; to prevent all W", may it not 
doe Avell in the next expedition, that vpon comunicate counsells respecting 
time & manner of doeing, &c. our Company directly moueing from their 
owne quarters, freshly recruited, (& with our Indians also) may march & doe 
their best endeavour & be like to p'lbrme it av''' greater resolution, than when 
tyred w''' long travell & hard vsage in such severe winter weather can be 
done. This suggestion is not in the least founded vpon any backwardnes to 
doe our p't vnto y vtmost capacity, against the comon enemy, but rather for 
advantage of the designe, to be managed w'h more strength & courage of men 
so refreshed & bett' accomodated ; though our numbers being much the lesse 
are like to be the more inhazard in the atcheiuement. But if 200 of the other 
Confederates souldyers were sent to ours, they would be animated to adven- 
ture far, & w"' God's blessing might doe good service & [ ] be able to 
fight the enemy & more to dishearten them. But unto this wc much desire a 
speedy resolue. The truth is, our souldyers haue beene so much drawne off 
from our borders already was the enemy was aboue, notwithstanding our 
owne dangers threatened then, & againe for this engagem' very near to vs, 
that now also againe so to be, when he seemcs to be seated euen at o' doores, 
within 15 miles of o'' townes & in o'' Colony, now for vs to march 40 or 50 
miles, with all o' accomodations, in a desolate country, to engage him in con- 
iunction w^'' the other forces, doth seeme intoUerable & too disgusting to all 
o' souldyery to be droue vpon them. And o'selves doe thinke that equall 
respects is due to all the Confederates in their warlike assistance & all the 
officers so to obserue indifferently, esp'*" toward those that haue had no hand 
in the grounds & rise of the war. The Massachusets ought as well to come & 
accomodate Connectacut herein, in o"^ confines, as Connectacut to be bound 
so to serue their convenyency, in theirs, if the Confederation be held impar- 
tially. But if those propositions be not acceptable to you, we must endeav- 
oure to comply w''' what you shall order, so tar as it will consist w''^ our capa- 
cities. We haue not to add but our prayers to the Lord to direct, protect & 
bless you & us in all your counsells & determinations, and that we are, 
Your affectionate friends & servants, The Counciil of Connecticut, &c. 

These for the Hon'"^ Com" of the 

Vnited Colonys, at Boston, this dl'd. 

John London, for comeing from the army w^ut lycenss, and 
fallsly callumniating the officers of o' army, and reporting many falls 
and notorious lyes, to the great prejudice of the Colony, is committed 
to prison, there to conlinnue till the Court or Counciil have time of 
farther consideration. 



At a meeting of the Councill, January 13, 1675. 

Wm. Leet Esq. Dept. Gov' ; Mr. Sam" Willys, Major John Tall- 
cott, Capt. John Allyn, Mr. James Richards, Mr. Rich*^ Lord. 
Vpon receipt of letters from the Com"* and Gen" Winslow, the 

• " At a meeting of the Comissioners of the United Colonyes in Boston, Jan. 6th, 1675. The 
Coraission" do agree &. conclude that tlie thousand soldiera ordered to be raised for the re- 



JOURNAL OF THE COUNCIL, &C. 897 

Councill, p' letter, ordered Major Treat to giue order forthwith to the 
forces of Fayrefeild and New Haven to march to New London, and 
to hasten the sending of the wheat, when grownd into meale, to N. 
London, w"' 20 barills of beife and porck for the supply of the army, 
&c. ; as more at large p' the coppy of the letter on file will appeare.* 

The Councill wrote a letter to the Com''", signifying to them that it 
was difficult to prouide prouissions for the army by reason of the 
mills being frozen vp here, and doe desire they would not depend 
upon vs, but suit themselues other where ; as p' the letter on file 
more at large will appeare."]" 

Upon the receipt of a letter from Major Andross, the Councill re- 
turned an answer w"' intimation that they hoped his Honour would 
restrayne the furnishing the Indians with ammunition, at Forte Alba- 
ny, and take the opportunety of seizing those vpland Indians now fled 
into those partes ; as p'' the letter on file more at large will appeare. 

[Letter from Gov. Andross. War, I. 33] 

N. Yorck, Ve 6'h of Jan^, 1675. 
Hon''^ S"" : Thow I have nott yett had sutable returues, if any at all, I can- 
nott however obniit my part. This is to acquaint you that late last night I 
had inteligence that Philip & 4 or 500 Nortli Indians, fighting men, were 
come within 40 or 50 miles of Albany northerly, where they talke of continu- 
ing this winter ; that Phi: is sick, and one Sahamoschuha, the Comander in 
Cheef. Whereupon I have despatched orders theither. 

This accompt to y'selfe, or if y" think fitt, to your Assistances ; but I thinck 
is needles to be published to the whole comonaUy, from 

Your Humble Servant, E. Ajs^dross. 

[Reply.] 

Hartford, January 13, 1675. 
Hono'''' S'': O' Dep' Gov'' received your Hon" Letter of the 6th instant yes- 
terday, w^'' he hath conmiunlcated to us this day ; who desire vpon all acco'° to 
make such sutable returnes as may give reall demonstrations of our resolution 
to maintaine a right vnderstanding and neighbourly correspondency, as well 
becomes the subjects of the same Prince. AVe render you many thanks for 



cruite of o^ forces, now under the comand of Gen''all VVinslow, do all meet at the head quar- 
ters of ye army at or before the 20th of this Instant." [Signed by] Thomas Danforth, Pres'. 
William Stoughton, Jos; Winslow, The: Hinckley, J. Winthrop. [War, I. 32.] 

*The letter to Major Treat, mentions the receipt (Jan. ]3lh) of the order of the Conim'rs ; 
directs him forthwith to despatch orders to the forces which had been raised, to meet him at N. 
London ; that the soldiers of Saybrook, Kenil worth & Lyme were to join the expedition ; and 
advises Major Treat to procure, if possible, some shoes, shirting and other goods necessary for 
the soldiery, and whatever medicines, &c. he should think proper. [War, 1.34, b] 

tThe Commissioners (in a letter dated Jan. 6th, 167.i,) signified to the Council, that "Sup- 
plyes of provision we perceive will be exceeding difficult to be procured seasonably from Bos- 
ton ; wc'' occasioned our intimation to you in o''last, that from the sea side they might be pro- 
cured, and each one pay his proportion, which both the olher Colonyes do tender themselves 
ready to doe & performe on all demands." [War, I, 3L] No copy of the Council's reply bas 
been preserved. 

34 



398 JOURNAL OF THE COUNCIL, &.C. 

your speedy intelligence of remonall of Phillip and his bloody crew from Con- 
necticot to Hudson's River. And such hath bin the rage & fury of these 
blood-thirsty barbarians in destroying his Majesty's good subjects vp this 
River, by fire and sword, not sparinge man, woman or child, (as we doubt 
not but y' your Hon*^ hath been fully informed ;) and therefore doe well ap- 
prove of your soe speedy dispatch of orders to Albany, about an affiiire of 
such greate importance, and looke vpon it as a signall tavourc that they are 
now seated in such a place y' your Hon' may have an opportunity in your 
hands at once to destroy these bloody vpland Indians Avithout adventuringe 
any of his Majesty's subjects in the designe ; you hauinge settled soe firme a 
peace with the Mohawks, who, vpon }our Hon'* order, may with much facil- 
lity vterly extirpate this bloody generation, in the winter season, who have 
imbrued their hands in the blood of soe many of his Majesty's subjects; and 
soe the Mohawkes will have an opjiortunity to gratify the English of New 
England, who haue always bin freindly to them, and y' when they and these 
Indians were at warr ; yea, our English garded the Moliawkes from Boston 
to Springfeild, when they Avere in danger of the Plimouth Indians; and now 
they haue a season to destroy all their old onymys together, being soe neere 
them and lockt vp w *• the snow. 

But we are confident y' your Loyalty to his Majesty and affection to his 
subjects is such y' you need not any argm'* from vs to induce you to attend 
this present juncture for the cuttinge off these inveterate & perfidious enymys 
of the English ; wherin the honour of our Lord the King and intrest of his 
American subjects is soe deeply concerned. But we conclude your orders 
to Albany will be soe elfectuall as not to passe this happy juncture, before the 
weather permitts the Indians to disjjerse y"'selves, and fall to burninge & kill- 
inge vpon Hudson's River also. 

We are confident you have already taken the most efFectuall course imag- 
inable to restraine the supplying the comon enemy with either armes or 
amunition, especially the Dutch people, who you know are soe much bent 
vpon their profit. 

We suppose y' you have heard of the sharp engagm' betwene the English 
& Indians at Narroganset a month since wherin about 70 of the English, be- 
sides the wounded, and about GOO of the Indians, men, women & children, as 
is said, are slaine. 

Which w^'' o"^ reall respects to your Hon"' is all at present from, Hon'''' Sir, 
Your alfectionate & respectfuU neighbours & humble servants. 

The Councill of Connecticot. 

These for Major Edmond Androsse, &c. 

The Councill sent a letter to Gov'' Winslovv, to certify of o'' dislike 
of some of o' men goeing from the army \v'''out permission ; and to 
acquaint liim with o'' preparations of sending forth new raysed forces 
to assist against the cnemic ; and o'' desires of the good issue of the 
treaty, that peace might be attayned ; as p' the letter on file more at 
large will appearc. 



At a meeting of the Councill, January 14, 1675. 
Wm. Lcel Esq. Dcpt. Gov""; Mr. Sam" Willys, Major Jn" Tall- 
cott, Mr. James Richards, Capt. John Allyn, Mr. Rich'' Lord. 

The Councill in a letter to the Hono"' Gov"' and Councill of the 



JOURNAL OF THE COUNCIL, tC. 399 

Massachusetts, ccrtifyed them of the receipt of their letter, and in 
answer thereto, that Major Palmes is permitted to accommadate, as 
need is, their army with such provission as he is capable to supply 
w"", &.C : as p"" the letter on file may more at large appeare. 

[The letter from INIassachusetts, (War, I. 30, a,) asks that Capt. Andrew 
Belcher, and others, might have liberty to export tVom Connecticut such pro- 
visions as should be ibuud necessary for the supply of the army and of Mas- 
sachusetts Colony ; the letter then refers to " the successe of our united forces 
in the Narraganset Countiy ; in which enterprise, though it hath pleased 
God to humble vs, by translating to rest out of the bed of honour In the ser- 
vice of Christ, sevcrall worthy & valiant comanders & souldiers both of ours 
and yours, yet doubtles'-e wee have cause (according to our best Intelligence) 
to acknowledge to God's prayse that he hath made vse of our army as execu- 
tioners of his justice upon many of our barbarous & cruel enemies;" * * 
" Wee judge It absolutely necessary to prosecute this affaire, & to comply 
with the desire of the Generall & his Council, and send them recruits of men, 
provlssions and other necessaryes to prosecute this victory," &c. 

The reply of the Connecticut Council, (War, I. 30, b,) gives assurance 
"that what is withiu o' compass we shall most readily comply with your de- 
sires in. In furnishing you with what provlssions you have necessity of, for the 
supply of the army," &c. ; and that they had given instructions to Major 
Palmes accordingly. " But as to the opening the doore wider, at present, 
we dare not adventure ; corne being very scarse with vs, and the seate of the 
War being In o' borders, and danger of being thereby prevented of sowing 
and planting, vnless God please to put an end to the war, — which God grant, 
if it be his will ! We shalbe capable of a further answer In the Springe. 
You cannot judge It our intrest to withhold what we can spare ; having noe 
other market." The Council express their readiness to do all In their power 
for a vigorous prosecution of the war, — " hopeing that as God hath multlplyed 
you much beyond vs, according to the proportion stated, soe you will not 
strictly stand on punctilioes of numbers, whilst every one doeth his utmost 
endeavour," &c. A postscript adds : " It's possible flesh, and som pease, may 
be had, but little wheat, or at least, little bread ; mills generally falling this 
winter season."] 

There was a letter allso wrote to Major Winslow, wherein we 
certifyed him of o'' preparations to send o' recruits to the army, &;c. ; 
and signifyed to him o'' loss of armes & cloathing in the last engage- 
ment, (Sic : as p" the letter on file may appeare. 

Vpon John London's acknowledgment of his offence, and promise 
of returning to the army and doeing good seruice there, the Councill 
saw cause to release him from his imprisonment. 

The Councill appointed Mr. John Brackett of Wallingford, to goe 
forthw"' to New London, there to take care of and assist in the dress- 
ing of the wounded men, in ihe absence of Mr. Bulkley whilst he 
goeth out w"" the army ; and a letter was sent to him for that 
purpose. 

The Councill also appoynted Mr. Wise of Brandford, to goe forth 
minister to o'' army, and accordingly wrote a letter to him to prepare 



400 



JOURNAL OF THE COUNCIL, &C. 



and goe forth w"" the sea side forces to New London, there to meet 
w'"" Major Treate &c. 

The Councill allso appoynted Sarj' Wm. VVarde to goe forth to 
New London to assist in the tending and dressing the wounded men 
there, whilst Mr. Buckly goeth forth w"' the army. 

The Councill appoynted John Standly Captaine of part of the for- 
ces belonging to Hartford County ; and Joseph Wadsworth to be his 
Liuetenant. 



A MEETING OF THE CoUNCILL, JANUARY 17, 1675. 

Wm. Leet Esq. Dept. Gov"; Mr. Sam" Willys, Major John 
Tallcott, Capt. John Allyn, Mr. James Richards, Capt. Ben: New- 
bery. 

The Councill appoynted Mr. Jonathan Sillick Capt. of Fayrefeild 
Company, and Steven Burrett his Liuetenant. 

John Beard was appoynted Captaine and Moses Mansfeild Liue- 
tenant of the Company that belongs to New Haven Company. 
[County .?] 

Capt. Watts allso was to goe forth Captaine of part of those forces 
that belong to Hartford County, and Sam" Martin Sen' was appoynted 
his Liuetenant. Zachary Sandford was made Serj'. 

Jan7 19, '75. 
[To Major Trent. 1 Hon"' Major; If the Moheags and Pequots doe 
still proffer their service, you are to inform the Gen" thereof, and to 
desire they may be duely encouraged, treated and improved to best 
advantage, it being according to the Commissioners' order, and may 
be to publique p'judice to haue them disgusted, especially after they 
haue bene so far engaged : and care must be taken for a signal marke 
to distinguish from other Indians. In case you want of your number 
of men and are necessitated to make them up of those at Norwich, 
that then you make up your number of those men that belong to the 
townes which are defectiue of their proportion of men. 

The Councill allso wrote a letter to Mr. Fitch to desire him to go 
down to N. London to encourage the souldicrs in tlie present expe- 
dition, and to go forth with them if it may be; as more at large by 
the letter on file will appearc. 



At a meeting of the Councill, January 24, 1075. 
Wm. Lecte Esq', Dcp. Gov'; Mr. Sam" Willys, Major Jn" Tall- 



JOURNAL OF THE COUNCIL, &.C 



401 



cott, Mr, James Richards, Capt. John Allyn, Mr. Sam" Tallcott, 
Mr. John Wadsworth, Mr. Richard Lord, 

The Councill considering the great charge the country is at in 
manao-eing the present warr against the Indians, and that the rate 
granted by the Generall Court in October last, is not sufficient to 
defray the charge thereof, by a great matter, the Councill, by the ad- 
vice and w"" the consent of the Assistants of the sea-side and the 
Deputies of the County of Hartford, vv"" Mr. Burr, Capt. Curtice and 
Mr. Bankes, haue seen it of necessity and accordingly haue granted 
that there shall be six pence upon the pownd added to the Country 
Rate, and that it shall now be made up twelve pence upon the pownd, 
of all the rateable estate in this Colony. 



[The following letter from Major Treat, to the Council, was probably re- 
ceived on the "iith or 25th iust. War, I. 37.] 

N. London, 23' instant, at night, 1675. 

Hone'''' Gentlemen : Through much trouble & dificulty, I am so far got 
ready as that 1 intend, God willing, to begin my march to morrow. The 
trouble & dificultys, w''' such comanders, to prepare for my service is almost 
too hard & heavie for me ; and if you had appointed me a victualler of your 
army, I hope I might have done something at it. Our part of y westerns 
forces are arrived the last night, and y vessell prepared to saile, and I heare 
w"' about 5000 of bread & 20 barrells of beefe & porke, a hogshead of rum, 
but no wine, and some small necessaries ; whereof is steward one Benjamin 
Curtis of Stratford. We are fully purposed, if weather prevent not, to be 
setting forth this day from N. London. We have had two posts from y" Gen- 
erall, and I have returned two answers. The first letter I cannot readily 
find ; but of noe other moment but hastening and grateing on his say of or 
disorderly retreat ; and y= second, I have herein enclosed to you. There is 
only y" piece of good news superadded, that y" English man called Jo: Tift, 
that was with the Indians & said to wound Capt. Sealy is [taken] w"' one 
Indian w"' him, and is executed ;* & upon his death hath fr[eely] pealed and 
peciched Ninecraft, for sending mats to reliefe y" Suckquence Indeans w"" 
mats, after y'' wigwams were burnt ; and that 40 of his men fought us in y^ re- 

* " Joshua Teffe [or Tifft,] who married an Indian woman, a VVampanoag. He shot 20 times 
at us in the swamp: was taken at Providence, Jan. 14th, brought to us the 16th, executed the 
18th. A sad wretch, he never heard a sermon but once these fourteen years ; lie never heard 
of the name of Jesus Christ. Hs father going to recall him, lost his head, and lies unburied." 
(Letter from Capt. James Oliver, of Plymouth, dated Jan. 26th, 1675 6 ; in Drake's Book of the 
Indians, iii. 35 ) 

" The Naragansets said that an Inglishman, one Joshua Tift, was among them when they 
had the fight with the English, & that he did them good service & kild & wounded 5 or 6 Eng- 
lish, m that fight ; and that before they would trust him, hee had kild a miller, an Englishman, 
at Narraganset & brought his scalpe to them." (Relation of the Indian Spies, sent out by Mas- 
sachusetts, Jan. 1675-6 ; in War, Vol. I. Dec. .35, 4 ) See also, Hubb. Ind. Wars, p. 148. 

" The Englishman that was taken had his doom yesterday, to be hanged and quartered ; which 
was done effectually." (Major Bradford's Letter, of Jan. 20th ; in Notes to Davis's Morton, 
p. 434.) 

34* 



402 JOURNAL OP THE COUNCIL, &C. 

serve. I am, for want of dark, comissary & others so little forwarding me, 
as that I cannot enlarge ; but beg yo"^ prayers to y God of wisdom, courage 
& strength, to be W' me and all that turne the battell to y" gate, when the 
Lord shall call thereto. Vi"'' is the prayer, and that y Lord would also giue 
a spirit of councell to them y' sit in councell, — from your servaunt, 

Robert Tkeate. 



A MEETING OF THE CoUNCILL, JaNUARY 27, 1675. 

Wm. Leete Esq. Dep. Gov' ; Mr. Sam" Willys, Capt. John Allyn, 
Mr. James Richards, Mr. Rich*^ Lord, Mr. John Wadsworth. 

For the prevention of wroung that may be done vnto the Country 
or the Souldiers or other persons that haue been imployed in the 
country seruice this present yeare (by reason that they haue recei- 
ued goods &;c. in sundry places of this Colony,) it is ordered by the 
Councill that all the acco" of the charges and disbursements and 
seruice that haue been expended or done for the countrye's use this 
present yeare shall be forthwith sent up to Hartford to the Commis- 
sary, Mr. James Steele, and the committee appoynted to audit such 
accompts there ; and all such acco" to be distinct and playne, what 
perticulars are upon the acco' of the war with the Indians and what 
upon other publique charge ; which acco" are to be signed by those 
persons formerly appoynted in each towne by the Councill, and by 
the sayd Commissary and committee, to be transmitted to the Treas- 
urer, before order be giuen by the Treasurer for the payment of 
such acco" or debts. And it is ordered that the names of the seuer- 
all souldiers whoe are to receive from the Country, be incerted in 
their accompts, and their quality and time they have been in service. 



[Letters from iNIaj. Palmes, of New London, to the Governor and Coujicil, 
dated Jan. 2Gth and 2i)th. War, I. 38, 39.] 

New Lond", y= 2G"'of Janua: 1G75-6. 
Ilon"^' S". I haueing this opertunity p'' Mr. Plom, could notoniitt a^-quaint- 
jngyouofMaj. Treate's dej)arture this day, with all his tbrces; who is ac- 
companyed with Mr. Fitcli, Mr. Buckley & Mr. Wise. They expected to 
reach Badcock's this night, & soe gett [to] I\Ir. Smith's to morrow; for Maj"' 
Treate hath had two late ord" trom the Generall, one rece' on Lord's Day, 
the other this morning, to hasten his coming ; the Lidyans beeing seated 8 
or 10 miles northw(;st of Providence, about 25 miles from Mr. Smith's. The 
intelligence; was gayned by two Indyans taken by a j)arty of Capt. Prentis 
troope, which killed nyne more; one escaped, there being 12 in that party. 
The Barke with the provitions went out last night, and hath had a fay re 
wind to cary her in to day. 'J'licy have added tenn barrells of meate, to the 
twenty you ord(;rcd irom Milfoi'd ; wliich doth ailllct our people more then 
the trouble of (quartering both well and wounded men, which haue so impou- 



JOUKNAL OP THE COUNCIL, &C. 403 

erlshed them that sundry will much suffer, -without y speedy supply of corne 
for theire reliefe. 

S , by Majr Treate's computation, those 30 barells of meat will last little 
more then a fortnight; that if you expect theire stay longer there, or returne 
to this place, you must order a supply of bread & meate, and alsoe of rum ; 
this place being drained, & Mr. Parker arrived without any for himselfe or 
others. 

It is here reported that the townes westward haue liberty of shiping any 
prouition to y Indyes ; & that sundry vessells are there from Boston to load 
corne. The like priuilledge being dcnyed this County, is not very accepta- 
ble to som p'sons heere. I haue not yet had returne from Boston of y lib- 
erty y-' Counsell was pleased to grant mee in supplying theire forces ; but 
shall provide what may be procured, in hopes to obtain an ord'' to send it 
abroad, if they imbnxce not y- tend"; which I am apt to judge they will not, 
by reason theire expectation was not wholy complyed with ; for my tenders 
were very rationall. My humble service to the Deputy Govern" & all the 
Gentlemen ; seruice to Mr. Lord his lady, & all other freinds. I am, S", 
Y" affect' freind & Serv', Edw'. Palmes. 

[/n the margin,^ Vnkas is gon forth in person. 

New London, y' 29"' of Janua. 1675-6. 

Hon'd Gentlemen : Yeasterday Daniel the Pequitt Sachem brought in 
two Naraganseltlndyan men which ware in the fight against y" English, one 
of them being shott through the hand. They say the Indyans are scattered ; 
the two sachems 8uik(juens, Nononanto, & y Queene beeing neere y" Nip- 
mug Country ; y Indyans lying from thence downewards, in small parcells, 
to receive y" army, & soe to allarum y ' Sachems that they may escape higher. 
Please to returne order what course shall be taken with them, whether to bee 
sent vp or disposed of heere ; and what the Indyans shall be paid for taking 
.them. 

This morning early come post from Norwich with the sad intelligence of 
two men & a boy being taken & killed, who went over Showtuckett Riuer 
to spread flax, viz', Jos: Rockwell & his boy of 15 or 16 years ould & John 
RenoUs, Jun. of Norwich. The said Jos: Rockwell & Renalls ware found 
dead & thrown downe y" Riuer banke, theire scalps cutt off; the boy is not 
yett found, supposed to bee caryed away aliue. The two Indyans came in 
to y Pequitts saying they ware almost starved ; they formerly did belong to 
them. Y" hon"^ most humble serv, 

Edw' Palmes. 

Our people desyre ord" may com for the rate they are to pay, seuerall 
beeing in want that must bee releived from y= rest (yf any thing due) or else 
some other way. 

Since the aboue was written, the two Indyans are shott dead in the pris- 
son, by two wounded soldyers its said. The two persons that watched will 
not discouer them, tho it's easye to make it out who they ware, by a thorow 
examining the wardsmen or punishing them, yf the Authorytie heere were 
willing to exercise theire power ; for it's pitty soe rude and barbarous act 
should bee passed by without due Avitnesse against it. 



At a meeting of the Councill, January 31, 1675. 
Wm. Leete Esq. Dep. Gov'; Mr, Sam" Willys, Major John Tall- 
cott, Mr. James Richards, Capt. John AUyn. 



404 JOURNAL OF THE COUNCIL, &.C. 

The Councill, in answer to a letter from Major Andross, drewe 
up an answer thereto ; which letter was dated January the 31, 1675, 
and was in answer to a letter dated January 20, last, as p' the coppy 
on file may more at large appeare. 

[Letter from Gov. Andross, War, I. 35.] 

Gentlemen. I received late last night yo" of the 13th instant, wherein 
you thanks mee for my intelligence, & looke upon it as a signall favour that 
Philip &c. is removed from yo' parta to these (though not to Hudson's River 
as you suggest,) and suppose & conclude many things thereupon, without 
any grounds, which must have come from yo' parts ; so have nothing to adde 
to my former to wliich I referre you, particularly of the 1 7th Octob'' ; onely 
that I had now no new orders to send up, and that I doe not thinke it strange 
you doe not understand or know the Maquaes better then yo' owne Ind- 
yans, but doe that (you should seeme to fancy,) having refused and slighted 
the assistance of this Government, that I should, unaskt, bee at an extraordi- 
nary great charge, (if in my power since others great successe) for bringing 
heathens assistance in any part of yo' Colony ; and doc now plainely see 
that as you looke upon it as a signall favour that that bloody crew is removed 
towards us, so if my loyalty & affection (which you mention) have prompted 
me too farre, so as to bee invoh ed in yo' warre, I may expect you will leave 
mee both to the charge & hazard. However, doe not doubt yo'' being per- 
fectly s:\tisfyed nothing lyes at my doore. I cannot omittyo' great reflection 
on the Dutch, in which you seeme to make mee a complice ; for which I pray 
your explanacon, and to name the guilty, there being none in this Gouern- 
ment but his Ma"" subjects, which obey all his lawes, the penalty of which 
shall certainly bee inflicted on any transgressors. Expecting yo"' sjjeedy 
answer, I am, Yo"^ humble servant, 

New York, Jan. 20th, 1675. E. AxDROSS. 

[Reply.* War, I. 40] 

Hartford, January 31, 1675. 
Hon**'' S^ Your lines dated January 20th past were rece' the 29 instant, 
wherein are contained some things ironlcall and something satiricall ; con- 
cerning which (we suppose) a little reflection on your part may saue us the 
laboure of returning o' animadversions, & a small degree of neighbourly love 
might have covered o'' candorous solicitude of your freindly helpfuUness 
against common barbarous enemies, upon the arguments of nationall affec- 
tion and loyalty, rather than to have retorted o" leauing you to be involved 
in the consequentiall hazard & charge ; we haueing formerly expressed o'^- 
selues to be reciprocal!, in o' vicinity, to befreind his lloyall Highness' af- 
fayres; wherein yet we are not behind hand. Neither hath this Gouerment 
refused or slighted the assistance of that Gouerment in what was proper & 
expedient, that is by us reminded. For the Hutch, (if reports may be cred- 
ited.) tlieire exact obedience to his Ma"" Lawes may be somewhat ques- 
tioned; and we haue more than probability that the eneniie do boast of great 
supi)ly from those parts about Albany; whether it be directly, or indirectly 
by inillans there inhabiting, is not yet so known to us. But at whose doore 
to leaue either this or that, must be left to him that stands at y" doore of all 
hearts. We haue onely to minde o"^ own duty, respectiuely ; and to crave 

* In hand-writing of Sec. Allyn ; but, from the style, it appears to have been composed by 
Mr. Leete. 



JOURNAL OF THE COUNCIL, &;C. 405 

pardon for o' defects ; which is all y^ speedy answer to your lion" expecta- 
tions, from, Hon''' Sir, Ycir Humble servants, 

the Councill of Conecticot, &c. 
These for y^ Hon"' Major Andross Esq. 

Governor of his royall highness' Tcritories, &c. 



At a meeting of the Councils, at Hartford, Feb: 3"^, 1G75. 

Wm. Leet Esq. Dep. Gov'; Mr. Sam" Willys, Major John Tall- 
cott, Mr. Wm. Joanes, Capt. Jolm Allyn, Mr. James Richards, 
Mr. James Bishop, Mr. John Wadsworth. 

The Councill ordered that there should be raysed at the County 
of New Haven and Fayrefeild, the sum of two hundred bushells of 
wheat and twenty barells of flesh, viz : out of Fayrefeild County, 
one hundred and twenty bushells of wheat and eight barrells of 
porcke and four of beife; and out of N. H. County, eighty bushells 
of wheat and foure barells of porck and foure barells of beife. The 
Assistants of N. H. and Fayrefeild are desired and ordered forthw"" 
to take care that the same be shipped on board some good vessell and 
sent for N. London, to be deliuered to Mr. Joshua Raymond for the 
use of Or army. Som stockings, shoes, shirts and drawers is desired 
to be prouided and sent as afoarsayd. A letter to this purposs was 
in the name of the Councill. 

The Councill ordered that the Treasurer shall take order that 
there be three thowsand of bread prouided at Hartford, to be in read- 
iness for the use of the armv as there shall be occasion. 



At a meeting of the Councill, Feb; 7'^ 1675, in Hartford. 

Wm. Leete Esq. Dept. Gov""; Mr. Sam" Willys, Major John 
Tallcott, Mr. Henry Woolcott, Mr. James Richards, Major Rob' 
Treate, Capt. John Allyn, 

Vpon the return of Major Treat w"' his army from persueing the 
enemie, on Satturday last, the Councill mett this day to consider what 
was next to be done : Ordered, that the provission ordered to be sent 
from N. Hauen and Fayrefeild County to N. London, be reserued 
in Mr. Bryant's hand, the flesh in kind, and the wheat baked into 
bread ; all to be preserued in Mr. Bryant's hands, for the Country's 
further and other disspose. 

The Councell allso wrote a letter to Mr. Bulkly to desire him to 
attend Major Treat's order in sending for the vessell from Narro- 



406 JOURNAL OF THE COUNCIL, &C. 

gancett ; and putting the provisions into the hands of Mr. Joshua 
Raymond for to be preserued for the Country's use ; as allso, to re- 
turn thankes to Vncas, Owanecoe, Mawmawho and Robbin for y' 
good seruice in the last expedition ; and allso, to desire them to 
scoutt abroad and pick up such of the enemie as they shall find, 
with the promise of reward for such service ; as p' the letter on file 
more at large will appeare. 

Allso, a letter was writt to Major Gold to release Capt. Selleck, 
and put anoy' Capt. in his roome ; as more at large will appeare by 
the letter on file. 

The Councill grant Mr. Willys a permit to transport 300 bush: of 
corn in the Pascataque vcssell. 



At a meeting of the Councill in Hartford, Feb. 10, 1675. 

Wm. Leete Esq. Dept. Gov'; Mr. Sam" Willys, Major Tallcott, 
Mr. Henry Woolcott, Capt. John Allyn, Mr. James Richards, Mr. 
Richd. Lord, Mr. Jn" Wadsworth. 

Upon the receipt of a letter from Major Andross, dated Feb: 4'** 
instant, p' Mr. Georg Cooke, the Councill drew up an answer there- 
to, and ordered it to be signed p' the Secretary, in the name of the 
Councill ; a coppy whereof is on the file. 

[Letter from Gov. Andross. War, I. 41.] 

N. Yorck, y'= 4th of Feb'^, 1675-6. 
Gentlemen. The 20th past, I gave you a plaine answer to yo^ of the 
13th, received the night before, by Mr. Burr, (though It did not require 
any,) and desired to heare froin you, in tiie same manner, which I thought 
(& doe,) imported very much his JMa""* service, & yo' good, in which I can- 
not be wanting on my part, tliough you have neither ritt plaine nor sent a 
fitt person, as I have long since and often desired, to acquaint me wherein I 
might be servisable at this so extraordinary juncture. And if my loyalty to 
His Ma'"-' & affection to his subjects (as you mentioned) have or should (out 
of compassion to my poor Neighbors) ]irompt me so fiirr, so as to be (vnasked) 
engaged in yo' Iiidyan VVarr vpon Piiilip & North Indyans, gocing vpwards. 
This is l)y Mr. Geo: Coock sent express, to desire to know of you, weather 
you would desire & admitt our forces, Xtians or Indians, pcrticularly Ma- 
quase & Senetiues, to [)ursuesuch ennemies, vnto any partof yo' Colony, and 
doe yo' parts, for our refreshm' or other wayes, as thcu-e may he occa'on : to 
which agtiiiu', desire yo' plaine answer, without delay, l)y the bearer. But 
whatever answer you return me, you'l dot; wt'il if you Jiave any forces vp- 
wards, to give them present fitting orders, in case they should meet any Ma- 
quase or Sinecjues, (wiiich I am shure will not injure any English, nor con- 
■ceras, vnless provoked ; v/"^ might prove of iU consequence; the Sinesques 
& associates being 3000 or more good fitting men, and to farr to be easily 
forced.) Expecting your answer, I remaine, 

IV affectionate neighbour, E. Andross. 

[^Directed,'] To the Governo', Deputy Governo' & Councill, — &c. 



JOURNAL OF THE COUNCIL, &;C. 407 

[Reply. Doc. 43, a.] 

Hartford, Feb: 10: 1G75. 
Hon''^ S"'. Yours bj^ ]\Ir. Gcorg Cooko, Feb. 4, was rece the instant p'' vs ; 
and in answer thereto, Ave render you C" thankcs for your care in sending 
that exprcsse unto vs, & are very soliseitous to make such a suitable return as 
may be to your satisfaction. But before we come to the phiyne answer, we 
cannot forbear to informe w' is told vs (since o" former letter,) by some neigh- 
bouring Indians, y' Pliilip hath saluted the Mohawks w"' a great present of 
300 ", fo engage y'" against y ' English or to sit still at New York ; which puts 
us upon consideration to move your Honour to engage y^ ]\lowhawks to some 
acts of hostility against y' enemie at their rendezvous, whilst y are in those 
parts, Av '' the promise of recompense answerable to y" effects they shall at- 
taine, before they be confided in to pursue y enemie nigh o' townes; and in 
expectation of w' is pi-opounded & when there is sufficient testimonie of y' so 
effectual doeings against y ' enemie, comeing w '' some English before them, 
neare o' plantations or villages, may send for reliefe ; Avhicli shall readily be 
affoarded. But before such testimonie signified, it may be hazardous eith'' to 
venture English w''' y'", or for them to approach o' borders; we haueing had 
so large experience of sundry other Indians that haue long p'^tended freind- 
ship to vs & other ICnglish, who haue in this day of conspiracy proved false & 
haue greivously disapointed the expectations of those y' did best understand 
them formerly. In this suggestion we would not be taken either to question 
yo' hono'* sagacity or prudence nor to slight yo'' neighbo''*' tender & endeav- 
oure, but to p'sent you with our sad bought ex])erience in this iuncture, for 
improuem' by your wisedome, in so important an affaire. And haueing im- 
parted also to Mr. Cooke, our best & last intelligence of the affaires of the 
war, to acfiuaint you therewith; concerning what Indians haue beene slaine 
and Avhat fled, and whither they are said to intend, viz. to Phillip near Al- 
bany, Avho hath sent y'" a convoy as is reported : so hopeing yo' good con- 
struction & acceptance hereof, with desire to be informed by the first of what 
motions may concerne vs in those affaires with IMohocks or Sinneques &c ; 
W*" wilbe acceptable vnto your affectionate freinds & servants, 

The Councill of Connecticot. 

Allso, a letter was directed to Mr. Fitch and Mr. Buckly, wherein 
there was order to Capt. Avery, Capt. Denison, and Lnt. Minor to 
rayse some forces to surpriz or destroy the enemie ; as more at 
large by the letter on file may appeare. 

[Doc. 42. The Rev. Mr. Fitch & Mr,.Bulkeley had written to the Coun- 
cil, respecting some gathering of the Indians in the Wabequasset Country, 
and the probability of their remaining there some days. The Council, con- 
sidering the ditHculty of collecting any considerable body of the enlisted sol- 
diers from the several townes, for an immediate march against the enemy, 
order that Captains Avery and Denison, and Lieut. Minor, should forthAvith 
gather as many men as possible, from the three nearest tOAvns, (New London, 
NorAvich and iStonington.) and, taking with them the Mohegan and Pequot 
Indians, march against the enemy. The Coram'rsof the County are impow- 
ered to press men, to the number of 60 or 80, or more, for the expedition, 
with all possible despatch ; and to order the Commissary to supply necessary 
arms and provisions. Major Winthrop and Mr. Stanton are desired to "im- 
prove their utmost" to regainc the English boy* out of the enemy's hands, by 
exchange of captives or by ransom.] 

* The son of Jos. Rockwell, of Norwich. See Major Palmes' letter, of Jan. 29th. (I'age 403, ante.) 



408 JOURNAL OF THE COUNCIL, &C. 

The Councill ordered John Stedman and Edward Culver, w"" spm 
of the Indians to goe forth upon the scout, betwixt this and Spring- 
feild, to make what discouery they could upon the enemie to tlie 
eastward of the river. 

The Councill allso granted Mr. Woodbridg a permitt to transport 
40 or 50 bushells of grayn to the Bay, he being to goe to the Bay, 
himselfe and wife, &c. 

The Councill being agayn mett, Feb: 12"", 1685 : — 

Ordered, as followeth ; The consideration of the goodness and 
mercy of God to us (in this day of trouble,) in continueing o' liber- 
ties and precious injoyments and so great a measui'e of health in o' 
plantations, together with proseruation of o" provissions and habita- 
tions in time of such devastation; and for the speciall mercy of God 
to us, in answering the prayers of his people (though by terrible 
things in righteousness,) in giueing such an overthrow to the enemie 
at the Forte, in the first Narrogancett fight; and allso for the mercy 
of God to vs in the last expedition, in causeing the enemy some to 
fall and the rest to flee before us; and returning o"' souldiers with so 
little losse ; — these things haue moved us to appoynt the Twenty 
Third day of this instant Month, to be solemnly kept a day of pub- 
lique Thankesgiueing throughout this Colony, and to bless God for 
those his mercyes, and to pray for his farther goodness and protec- 
tion to be manifested to us, as the very matter may require. 



At a meeting of the Councill, Feb: 16, 1675. 

Wm. Leete Dept. Gov'' ; Mr. Sam" Willys, Major John Tallcott, 
Mr. Henry Woolcott, Capt. Jolin Allyn, Mr. James Richards, Capt. 
Benj: Newbery, Mr. Rich'' Lord. 

Whereas there be sundry of the enemie now in the hands of the 
Pequots, Moheags and w^"" Ninicraft, tiie Councill haue dissposed to 
Major Jn° Wintlirop and Major Edward Palmes those sayd Indians, 
and order them to be dcliuered to them, they paying for euery man, 
woman and child they rcceiuc, two coates apcice, except for sucking 
children, and for them, they to pay one coat a peice, upon the deliu- 
ery of the Indians to the sayd Gentlemen ; they to deliuer the coates 
to the Indians that bring them in, and to deliver a barell of powder 
for the Country's use, upon demand, for euery forty they shall re- 
ceive, and so pro[)ortionably, to pay for wjiat they shall receiue as 



JOURNAL OF THE COUNCIL, tC. 409 

aforesayd ; and the sayd Indians to be at their order and dispose, 
they spareing their Hues. 

The Councill wrot a letter to the Hono"' Commissioners, and one 
to Mr. Buckly, the coppyes of both being on file. 

The Councill grants Mr. Belcher a permitt to transport foure hun- 
dred bushellof Indian corn and pease to Boston, for the releife of the 
praying Indians, and twenty bushells of wheat for his the sayd Mr. 
Beltcher's owne famaly's vse, and foureteen pownds worth of leather. 



At a meeting of the Councill, Feb: 18, 1675. 

Wm. Leet, Esq. Dep. Gov' ; Mr. Sam" Willys, Major John Tall- 
cott, Capt. John Allyn, Mr. James Richards, Mr. Rich'' Lord. 

The Councill haueing rece'' order for another expedition against 
the Indians, from the Commissionei's,* returned answer thereunto by 
a letter to Govern"^ Winthrop a coppy whereof is on the file, which 
letter was signed by the Secrefy. 

A letter was allso sent to Major Gold to send up Mr. Tho: Fitch, 
Captaine for their County forces, or som other suitable person ; and 
allso to send up horses, and such necessary recruits as they could 
procure for their souldiers; and that they be here by Thursday 
night next, at the fartherest ; as p"" the letter on file more at large 
will appeare. 

A letter allso was sent to Major Treate, to order his comeing up 
w"' the souldiers in those parts, so as they may be here by Thursday 
next ; as the letter on file will more at large decl'are. 

A letter allso was sent to Major Palmes and Mr. Buckly at New 
London, to order Mr. Buckly and John Hull to hasten up to goe forth 
with the army ; and allso, that they should bring vp so many Indians, 
Pequotts and Moheags as can be procured to com up to goe forth 
with o' army ; Mr. John Stanton to com along with them and ten 
Englishmen of that County, &c. as more at large will appeare by the 
letter on file. 

• The Commissinners. at a meeting in Boston, Feb. 8th, " commended to the respective 
Councils, in each Colony, a speedy prosecution of the enemy, by the joint forces of the United 
Colonies ;" and ordered 600 men to be forthwith made ready, in the several Colonies according 
to their stated proportions, to meet at the place of rendezvous, at Quabaug, on the 20th in- 
stant. Connecticut was requested to engage the Fequots and Mohegans in the service. Gen. 
VVinsIow, being prevented by indisposition, from going out with the army, the Commander-in- 
chief was to be appointed by the Colony within which the seat of war should happen to be. 
[Rec. of Comm'rs, in Haz. II. 538, 539.] 

35 



410 JOURNAL OF THE COUNCIL, &C. 

The enemie haueing come to Hoccanum and shott at Wm. Hill 
and sorely wounded him, the Councill sent forth a party of souldiers 
to make search for the enemie. 



At a meeting of the Councill, in Hartford, Feb: 21, 1675. 

Wm. Leet Esq. Dept. Gov'; Mr. Sam" Willys, Major John Tall- 
cott, Capt. John Allyn, Mr. James Richards, Mr. Rich** Lord. 

Vpon the receipt of Major Palmes' letter, the Councill returned 
answer wherein they desired Mr. Buckly and those with him to be 
hastened up with all speed ; and allso to desire him to treat with 
Ninecroft about redemption of the captives that were taken at Nash- 
away, &c : asp' the letter on file more at large will appeare. 

The enemie some of them drawing down into these parts to doe 
mischeife (as is evident,) the Councill haue thought meet to order 
that what corn and provissions are on the east side of the river, in 
the seuerall farmes there and not in garrisons, be forthwith trans- 
ported to the plantations to be secured from the enemie ; and the 
constables in the seuerall plantations are hereby ordered to assist the 
good people there, by impressing men, boates and teames for the 
transportation of their corn and provissions as afoarsayd. And the 
people are allso ordered to draw themselues into garrisons for their 
safety ; and to bring their cattell and hay to be under the command 
of their garrisons, that they may be preserued, — except they bring 
them over to the towns ; and not to goe forth upon their occasions 
without their armes and in. company es so as they may defend them- 
selves : and that there be garrisons kept at Nath: Bissell's, Tho: Burn- 
ham's, Mr. John Crowe's, and at Nabuck, and Mr. Willys his farme ; 
provided, in every garrison there be six men at least, and that the 
garrisons be well fortified, and that noe "place but such doe remayn 
inhabited on the east side the sayd River. And the Constables are 
forthwith to giue notice hereof to the people in their respectiue limitts, 
and to require their attendance herevnto. 

The Councill ordered that for the next expedition, there shall go 
out of Hartford, 23 ; Windsor, 22 ; Wethersfeild, 16 ; Farmington, 
10-; Midleton, 8; Haddum, 1; each man to haue a horsse and a 
bushell of oates a peice ; and the Secretary is to give order for the 
accomplishment thereof. 



journal of the council, &c. 411 

At a meeting of the Councill, in Hartford, Feb: 24, 1675. 

Wm. Leet Esq. Dept. Gov'; Major John Tallcott, Capt. John 
Allyn, Mr. James Richards, Mr. Sam" Willys. 

The Councill sent an aduice to the Wonggum Indians to accept of 
Mr. John Flolister's tender, and to com and build a fort at Nayage, 
which should not prejudice their interest; as p' the coppy on file 
will appeare. 

Vpon som intelligence giuen to Major Treate at the seaside, of 
sculking Indians on the east side of Connecticott Riuer, the Councill 
ordered him to take a hundred English souldiers, with such Indians 
as he sees meet, forthw"", to pass over this river, and to march and 
scout the woods as far as Wongunck, so far distant as to return 
hither vpon Satturday, to finde out what enemies they may discouer, 
and to surprize and destroy them, so as to cleare the coast before 
the army moue hence upward. 



At a meeting of the Councill, Feb: 25, 1675. 

Wm. Leet Esq. Dept. Gov' ; Mr. Sam" Willys, Major John Tall- 
cott, Mr. James Richards, Capt. John Allyn, Mr. John Wadsworth. 

The Councill, in answer to a letter from Major Palmes, advised 
to a speedy secureing of the Indians' corn lately found in the Nar- 
ragancett country ; as p' the coppy on file at large will appeare. 

Tho: Watts was, by a lott cast between him and John Standley, 
allotted to go forth with the army, Captain of the County of Hartford 
souldiers ; Jos: Wadsworth is appoynted L°', and John Wyatt, En- 
signe. 

Cornelius Hull was appoynted L"' of the Honoured Major Treat's 
Life Guard ; Thomas Munson appoynted Captain of N. Haven 
County souldiers ; and were comissioned accordingly. 

Major Treat his commission was drawn up by the Councill ; a 
coppy whereof is on file. 



At a meeting of the Councill, March P', 1675-6. 

Wm. Leet Esq. Dept. Gov'; Major John Tallcott, Mr. James 
Richards, Capt. Jn" Allyn, Mr. John Wadsworth. 

Ashpocit w"" sundry Moheag Indians, w"" Webux and a Natick In- 
dian, being com up to goe forth with o' army, and the army haueing 



412 JOURNAL OF THE COUNCIL, &.C. 

advanced a day's march before them, they were not willing to march 
after them, but desired to return and do seruice nearer home ; 
whereupon the Councill wrot a letter to Mr. Fitch wherein they ap- 
pointed the Moheags and Pequots to be sent forth w"" some English 
to distress the enemie in the Narragancet country, to seiz them and 
what provissions they could find, &c : as by the leiter on file may 
appeare. 

A letter was allso sent to Major Treat, to giue him an acco' of 
what news we rec'^ of the enemies' return to Narrogancett, dtc ; as 
p' the letter on file will appeare. 



At a meeting of the Councill, at Hartford, March 3*^, 1675-6. 

VVm. Leet Esq. Dept. Gov' ; Mr. Sam" Willys, Mr. James Rich- 
ards, Capt. John Allyn, Mr. Rich"^ Lord, Mr. John Wadsworth. 

The Councill ordered that there should be raysed two hundred 
bushells of wheat to be baked up into biskit w"" all the speed that 
may be, and two hundred bushell of oates for the use of the army ; 
and the Treasurer is desired to grant order to the Constables for the 
gathering of the same, and for the procureing it to be baked as he 
shall order, w'*" all speed. The proportions to be put on the severall 
townes are, Hartford, .59 bushells ; Windsor, 56 ; Wethersfeild, 42 ; 
Farmington, 27 ; Midleton, 16 bushells, of wheat ; and, so, the like 
proportion of oates. 

Upon the receipt of a letter from L"' Merriman and Ens: Munson 
of Wallingford, concerning their garrison houses and watches and 
wardes, [the Councill] did recommend it to the people there to watch 
and guard their garrisons, &c : and allso to desire two of the Assis" of 
New Haven to com upon the place and to assist them in the setleing 
of their afFayres for the best good ; as will appeare more at large by 
the coppy of the letter on file. 

The insolencies of the heathen and their rage encreasing against 
the English, and the spoyle that they haue made in sundry places, 
hath moved us to order that forthwith the people of Simsbury doe re- 
moue themselues and what estate they can remoue, to some of the 
neighbouring plantations for their safety and securety. 

It is allso ordered that the former orders of the Councill in refTcr- 
ance to people's workeing in companyes, be duely attended ; and 
that watches and wardes be kept and observed, and shootting off 
gunns forborne, vpon the former penalty. 



JOURNAL OF THE COUNCIL, &C. 413 

It is allso ordered that all the inhabitants of the severall plantations 
shall carry their armes and amnnunition with them to all publ: meet- 
ings, both at times of worship and at all other times. 

The Counsell hearing of the boasts and threats of the enemie, and 
perticularly against Hartford ; allso, considering som principall 
townes may as well be advantage to ©''selves to repayre vnto for se- 
curely of persons and estates, to fly vnto or be layd in, as to the ene- 
my, being surprized ; doe see cause to aduise and order that fortifi- 
cations both at Hartford and New Haven, with what other townes 
are capeable of so doeing, to compleat and lyne their stockadoes and 
flanckers with a ditch and breast worke, that persons may securely 
haue recourse to them to annoy and w"'stand enemies, and all men's 
courage more animated and emboldened to doe their dutys; this 
therefore to be forthwith attended and dispatched, by all handes that 
can worke, laying aside all ordinary occassions, except workes of 
necessity and mercy, till this be finished : each town to chuse and 
appoynt an able committee to regulate how, and to see all done as 
afoarsayd ; and all persons to obserue and doe accordingly without 
delay, upon such penalty as is meet for high contempt of Authority 
in matters of great importance. 



At a meeting of the Councill held at Hartford, March 6, 

1675-6. 

Wm. Leet, Esq. Dept. Gov'; Mr. Sam" Willys, Mr. James Rich- 
ards, Major Tallcott, Capt. John Allyn. 

A letter to Major Edmond Andross was prepared, a coppy whereof 
is on file. 

A letter was drawn and sent to Major Palmes, respecting the set- 
ting out of the Pequots and Moheags against the enemie ; as allso to 
take out of Ninicraft's hand the captiues, w"" liberty to grattify Nini- 
craft w*^** som present ; and a commission was allso incerted to im- 
power the Councill of Warr to condemn such Indian murtherers as 
shall be brought in ; and as more at large by the sayd coppy of the 
letter will appeare. 



March 7, 1675, The Councill being mett at Hartford. 
Wm. Leet Esq. Dept. Gov' ; Mr. Sam" Willys, Capt. John Allyn, 
Mr. James Richards, Mr. Sam" Tallcott, Mr. John Wadsworth. 
35* 



414 JOURNAL OF THE COUNCIL, &.C. 

The Councill being mett did order that the collections drawn up 
by the ministers, w''' the Councill's orders annexed, be forthwith sent 
forth and attended, according to the s'' order, a coppy whereof is on 
file. 

A letter to Major Andross was drawn and sent, to moue him to 
send vs such inteligence as he hath receiued concerning the Indians; 
and allso to desire an answer to some former propositions made to 
him in a former letter &:c. as p' the coppy of the letter on file will 
more at large appeare. 

[Doc. 43, i.] 

Hartford, Mar. 7th, 1675-6. 

Hon^' S^ Since you have been so far pleased to appeare to concerne 
yourselfe in the atfayre against the barborous enemie that are risen up 
against his INIa"" good subjects & interest in these parts, as to send hither your 
messenger Mr. Cooke, and by him, a letter of inquiry about o'' admittance 
and entertainment of an army of Cliristians and Indians, the Maquas & Sine- 
ques, into our townes for refreshment in their persuit of those common ene- 
mies so risen uj) ; vnto which letter we gaue answer of a readiness so to doe, 
w''' provisoes of some previous considerations which we judged expedient and 
necessary upon experience to ensure theire fidellity ; which is still sought and 
desired by vs so to be done : we can now doe no lesse (in retaliation of the 
expression of such neighbourly kindnesse) then to inquire after your accept- 
ance of what was vnto yours returned & to understand the consequent effects 
of what is done or intended by your Hon', vpon that acco'; and also how the 
state of that matter now stands, and what may be expected from your endeav- 
ours propownded. (And likewise that if nothing be yet done, whether your 
Ilono' will admitt & conimissionate some agents of o' owne to pass up to Al- 
bany & make tryall of what may be done by themselves, in proueing the 
busiuesse (with the Indians mentioned) resjx'cting their assistance against 
those common enemies risen vp as albresayd. Unto this request, we doe in- 
treat your playne and possitive answer.) For it seemes a criticall time & 
needful! for vs to know how to shape all o"^ athiyres according as we may dis- 
cerne matters to be circumstanced in all the resjjects pertaineing thereto, of 
which the inclosed paper (sent for your honour's information) may give ac- 
co', and plead for like inteligence from yourselfe in the businesse foremen- 
tloned ; which is desired and waited for by, Ilon'^'' S^, Your affectionate 
freinds & seruants. The Councill of Conccticott &c. 

These for the Hon''' Edmond Andross Esq. 
(iov' of his Highness Territories &c. 



The Councill granted Mr. Tho: Terry and Mr. Wm. Edwards 
liberty to transport three hundred bushells of graine for tlie present 
supply of the people of Rohd Island and Pliniouth, the people of 
Rohd Island haueing exhausted part of their provissions for the 
supply of o' wounded men, after the first engagement, in y' Narro- 
gancett. And John Sweet and Sam" Eldred haue liberty to trans- 
port tenn bushells of Indian corn apeice, for liieir distressed fam- 
alies. 



journal of the council, &.c. 415 

At a meeting of the Councill, March 9'^ 1675-6, in Hartford. 

Wm. Leet Esq. Dept. Gov' ; Mr. Sam" Willys, Major John 
Tallcott, Mr, Henry Woolcott, Mr. James Richards, Capt. John 
AUyn, Mr. Rich'^ Lord. 

A letter from Major Gold was receiued and answer returned, viz : 
that the Councill did desire them to appoynt some meet persons to 
examine such vessells as transport corn out of the Colony, and to 
seiz whateuer is shipped without license, for the Country, &c. as 
p' the letter on file may appeare. 

The Councill granted Mr. Wolcott liberty to transport thirty 
bushells of grayne, upon John Stevens' ketch, to Salem, for the sup- 
ply of some of his family that purposs to pass thither shortly. 

An Indian named George (as himselfe sayeth) being sent vp hither 
by Mr. Prat, Con/ of Saybrooke, and haueing confessed many thefts 
and deceipts committed by him, and that he hath been a runagaddo 
and vagrant among all sorts of o' Indian enemies and others, was 
committed to prison to be kept there till he may be sold for sattisfac- 
tion and prevention of further mischiefe to the Country.* 

A letter was allso sent to Major Andross to be helpfull to redeem 
G. Smeed's son, a captiue with Philip, w"" promise of sattisfaction for 
disbursments. The letter is on file. 

Mr. Way hath liberty to transport 60 bush: of corn for Boston, 
upon Mr. Steuens' ketch, and a barell of flower to Boston, and him- 
selfe w"" it. 

The Councill appoynted the Secretary to write to Mr. Hooker to 
prepare himselfe to march forth w"' the army, and to goe up to Hadly 
or Northampton w"" Major Treat ; and the constable to impress men 
and horss and such accomadations as were necessary for Mr. 
Hooker. 

The Councill allso ordered the Secretary to write to Mr. Israeli 
Chauncey to hasten up to Hartford to attend the Councill's orders, 
w"" an order to impress men, horss, and accommadations for his come- 
ing vp. 



At a meeting of the Councill, in Hartford, March 10, 1675-6. 

Wm. Leet Esq. Dep. Gov'; Mr. Willys, Major Tallcott, Mr. 
James Richards, Mr. Rich'' Lord, Mr. Jn° Wadsworth, C. John 
Allyn. 

* In margin ; " The confession of George is on file w''' July files, 14, '76." 



416 JOURNAL OF THE COUNCIL, &.C. 

The Councill grants Edward Woodman liberty to transport in 
John Steuens' ketch, fifty bushells of Indian corn, prouided he take 
a certificate that he procures his corn by the sale of armes. 

Dan" Clarke Jun' being convicted before the Councill for notori- 
ous reproachfull, contemptuous speeches and threatening of Major 
Treat, is adjudged by the Councill to pay a fine of twenty pownd 
and to be committed to prison, there to continue dureing the Coun- 
cill's pleasure, and was accordingly committed. 

Daniel Clarke haueing confessed his fault and manifested some 
signes of his repentance, and the Hono"''* Major Treat haueing very 
earnestly solisited the Councill that they would upon his request, 
release him from imprisonment, it was accordingly granted. 



At a meeting of the Councill, in Hartford, March 11, 1675-6. 

Wm. Leete Esq. Dep. Gov'j Major Tallcott, Mr. Richards, Mr. 
Allyn, Mr. Willys. 

The Councill appoynted Capt. Tho: Bull and Capt. John Standly 
to goe down w"' Mr. Joanes and Mr. Bishop to Milford, to labour to 
setle the difference between the good people there in refference to 
their fortifications, and what difference hath arisen thereupon, &c. 
as p' the letter on file may more at large appeare. 

At a meeting of the Councill, in Hartford, March 11, 1675-6. 

Wm. Leete, Dep. Gov"^ ; Mr. Sum" Willys, Mr. James Richards, 
Capt. John Allyn, Mr. Jn° Wadsworth. 

The Councill appoynted Mr. Chancey to be one of the Councill of 
the army in roome of Mr. Hooker, and allso that he should now goe 
forth w* y' army as their chirurgion. 

The Councill granted the Widow Pritchat liberty to transport 
forty bushells of corn to Boston, for the supply of her distressed 
family. 

Mrs. Stedman had liberty to transport fifty bush: of graine upon 
Mr. Stevens' ketch. 



At a meeting of the Councill, in Hartford, March 16, 1675-6. 

Wm. LeetEsq. Dep. Gov'; Mr. Sam" Willys, Major Jn" Tall- 
cott, Capt. Jn° Allyn, Mr. James Richards, Mr. John Wadsworth. 

In regard of the present troubles that are vpon vs, and the heathen 



JOURNAL OF THE COUNCIL, &.C. 417 

Still continueing their hostility against the English and assaulting the 
plantations, to prevent their designs against vs, it is by the Councill 
ordered, that the watch in the severall plantations, about an hower 
at least before day, in each day, doe call up the severall inhabitants 
in each plantation within their respectiue wards, whoe are forthwith 
upon their call by the watch, to rise and arm themselves, and forth- 
with to march to their severall quarters they are appoynted to in 
iheire* and elswhere, there to stand upon their guard to defend the 
town against any assault of the enemie, vntill sunn be halfe an hower 
high in the morning, and then the warders are to take their places ; 
and two scouts in each end of every town are to be sent forth on 
horseback, to scout the woods to discouer the approach of the ene- 
mie, and to continue on the scout, goeing so far into the woods as they 
may return the same day to giue an acco'of what they shall dis- 
couer ; and the scouts are to take direction from the chiefe millitary 
officer resideing in their respective townes, how and which way they 
shall pass, to make their discovery. And whosoeuer shall neglect to 
giue attendance to this order in all and euery of the particulars 
thereof, shall forfeit fine shillings for euery defect. This to be at- 
tended till farther order. 

An answer to a letter from Mr. Fitch was returned w"' an advice 
to him to encourage the volunteers, and to improve Vncass and Nin- 
icroft to draw off as many of the enemie as may be, they deliuering 
up their armes and ammunition &c ; as allso, an advice to send 
home o' garrison souldiers at Norwich ; that Edward Culver, w"* 
about 20 Moheags and Pequots, com up to Hartford forthwith, &c : 
as p' the letter on file will more at large appeare. 

[No copy of the Council's letter has been preserved. The letter from Rev. 
James Fitch, to which reply was made, is dated, at Norwich, Mar. 13th. He 
acknowledges the receipt of a letter from the Council, with their order for a 
Fast Day, — and " blessed be the Lord who hath moved your hearts in so 
necessarie & seasonable worke. We intend, God willing, to take that very 
daye, solemnly to renew our covenant in our church state, according to the 
example in Ezra's time, & as was sometimes practised in Hartford congrega- 
tion by Mr. Stone, not long after Mr. Hooker's death. If other churches doe 
not see cause to doe the same, yet wee hope it will not bee offensive ; but 
doe verily conclude if j' be rule for y' practise, this is a time wherein the 
Providence of God does in a knocking & terrible maner call for it." The 
volunteers, English and Indian, had been out on an expedition, for a week ; 
but nothing had yet been heard from them. Two widows, (the one, of 
Thomas Ilowarde, slain at Narragansett, and the other, of Josias Rockwell, 
who was slain at Norwich,) desire Mr. F. " to inquire whether the Country 
will not extend mercie towards them this yeare," in releasing them from pay- 

* So in the record. Perhaps the word " wards" should be supplied. 



418 JOURNAL OF THE COUNCIL, &C. 

ment of rates &c. " Daniel the Pequot, who is a chiefe man & hath as I am 
credibly informed expended many pounds, not so little as 20'^% in giving to 
the Pequotts to encourage them in service against our enemie, and hath, with 
others, been charged with captives, he doeth desire that he might have libertie 
to keep one woman & child who are now with him, to be helpful! to him & 
his wife in their old age." Mr. F's " Brother Daniell ]\Iason, in respect of 
his wife, her condition, who being w'*" childe, & being desirous for her safetie 
to goe to Roxbury to her relations, he doth desire libertie of the Court that 
she may for this year dwell there." " So havinge nothing else at present," 
&c. Doe. 46.] 

Mr, John Fennor had liberty to transport 20 bush: of corn to Rohd 
Island, for the supply of his brother, Cupt. Fennor. 

For the encouragement of such as shall goe forth volunteers 
against o' Indian enemies in the Narrogancett Countrey and to pre- 
vent their gathering and setleing there, we have thought meet to 
declare, that whosoeuer shall imploy themselues in this seruice, 
whether Indians or English, and goe forth under the command of 
Capt. George Denison orCapt. James Avery or Lnt. Thomas Minor 
or Ens: Tho: Leffingwell, shall haue all such plunder as they shall 
seize, both of persons and corn or other estate, to be dissposed by 
them in way of sale, so as they may best advantage themselues, pro- 
vided Authority haue had the first tender of theire dispose of cap- 
tiues, allovveing them the market price ; to be diuided amongst them, 
to the priuate souldiers, each man alike, and to the commanders so 
much a better part according as there is difference in their wages ; 
and all wounded men to be healed at the Country's charge. 

L"' Prat haueing informed the Councill that himselfe and neigh- 
bours haue a desire to fortify his and Mr. Lay's house at Potabauge,* 
and that they haue about 18 or 20 men to defend the same, and that 
one of these garrison's will be helpfuU to assist and defend the other, 
and y' occasions of planting and soweing being neer about and very 
accomadateing for their securety, — the Councill haue seen cause to 
grant them theire desire of maintayning a garrison there as before 
expressed, provided they mayntayne watch and wardes there for 
their defence and safety. The town of Saybrooke are desired and 
advised to be as sparing as they can in impressing and improueing 
any man or men out of this garrison. 

• Totabauge, — since Pettapaug ; now Essex Society, in the north part of Saybrook. 



journal of the council, &.c. 419 

At a meeting of the Councill, March 17, 1675-6. 

Wm. Leet Esq. ; Mr. Sam" Willys, Mr. James Richards, Capt. 
John Allyn, Mr. John Wadsvvorth. 

A letter was received from Mr. Bishop and Mr. Newton, and an 
answer returnd thereto ; the coppy of which is on the file. 

A letter allso was receiued from Mr. Bryant, concerning the In- 
dians at Milford, and answer returned thereto ; a coppy whereof is 
on file. 

[Docs.. 48, a. & b.] 

Hon''' Gentlemen. Wc haveing some trouble V' our neighbour Indians, 
tliey desireing libertye to sitt neare vs, w^'" was graunted y"" vpon condition 
that they should heedefully obserue tlie bounds & limitts propounded & in- 
ioyned y'" by vs, & they seemed to accept of & be well contented with ; not^ 
withstanding, they voyalate them daylie. Of which our neighbours are im- 
patient, soe that their minde & motion is, that they keepe the aforesaid bounds 
Srescribcd, or that we may deale w"' them as enemies, in case of voyalation. 
Tow we doubting the issue, haueing noe state provission to direckt & shelter 
vs, in soe doubtful! a case, we humbly crave your advise & assistance herein, 
and to send it by the post ; v/"^' is all at present, from your freinds. 

16th March, '75-6. Alex: Bryan. 

[Reply.] 

S^ Yours of 16th instant we have rece' ; but doe not vnderstand the limits 
and bounds you have set y' Indians, nor in what Avay & maner they have out- 
gon those bounds, and y'^fbre cannot so well give answer : therefore if you de- 
sire o"' advice in the case further, we must retpiest further information ; and 
In the meane time, we must desire that you would cause all your people to 
carry so tenderly towards the Indians that they may not receiue any just pro- 
vocation to stir them up against vs. We have enemies eno, and let us not 
by any harsh dealing stir up more yet. Let us walke wisely & warily that 
God may be w* us. To His blessing we comend you, & are your affectionate 
brethren, " The Councill of Conecticott, &c. 

Hartford, March 16, 1675-6. 

For WorP« Mr. Alex: Bryan, At Milford, Tliis. 

Mr. John Wadsworth is permitted to transport sixty bushells of 
corn to Boston, in Mr. GoodalTs ketch. 



[Letter to Gov. Andross, Doc. 49.] 

Hartford, Mar. 19th. 
Hon"' S^ The occasion of these lines is to reminde you that we formerly 
desired that such of o enemies as had made tlieire escape into your parts 
miglite be surrendered, w"" the promise of bearing the charge thereof; as allso 
of the sundry applications that have been made to yourselfe that we might 
haue your consent by o"^ agents to treat the IMaquas (& to that end, to pass 
up your river,) and to inquire of them Avhat service they have done in the last 
war against o' enemies, that we might requite it ; allso that (if they saw cause) 
we might renew that ancient league of freindshipthat hath been between the 
English of New England & them. But as you well know, these reasonable 
motions of o" were (to say the least) refused by your Hon"^; and instead 
thereof, (as we haue heard,) a dispose was made, either by counsell or com- 



420 JOURNAL OF THE COUNCIL, tC. 

plyance or both, so that o' enemies are resigned up to the Maquas ouer whom 
you haue seemed to haue comand, and we know y"^ supplys must depend vpon 
your people. The eonsequenee of which (as we are informed by o"^ frenid 
Indians) is, that some hundreds of o'' enemies, amongst the IMowhawks, or in 
company w'*" them, are gou forth well armed upon a designe to doe mischeif 
against some of o' freind Indians or the English or both. If this be true, and 
a relation thereof (only by o' historians) were sent into England, we conceiue 
the management of the premises would look dark, and be displeasing both to 
his ^la'" and all true Enghshmen ; yea, his Highness would take no pleasure 
in the conseqta-nces of such services by his ministers, to the prejudice (if 
new troubles should so arise) of such as haue been neighbourly freinds to his 
Highness interest and amicable correspondents w"' all his former substitutes 
at Yorke, and such who ever desired to be alike affected and so to find from 
yourselfe, (however we have not been so well understood.) But, S', (not- 
withstanding what hath past) we doe now againe desire your Hon' to giue us 
what intelligence is w '' you concerning the motions of the Maquas and those 
of our enemies that are w"' them ; whether they are gon forth as before, or 
whether there be any preparation that way. We suppose from Albany there 
may be certain inteligence com to j'our Hon' before this time. And we allso 
doe againe desire that you Avould be pleased to grant us liberty to pass up 
your Kiver, to treat the Mowhawkes, according as we shall find them to stand 
affected towards the people of N. E. herein. AVe request your playn & possitive 
answer by this bearer, which w"' o' respects to your selfe and the Gent" of 
j-our Councill is all at present from, Hon'''' S', Your afi'ectionate freinds & 
neighb'% &c. 

These for the Hon''"' Major Edmon Andross, Esq. 

Gov^ of his Royall Highness his Teritories in 

America, Fort James in N. York, dl'd. 



At a meeting of the Councill, March 20, 1675-6. 

Wm. Leet, Esq. ; Mr. Sam" Willys, Mr. James Richards, Mr. 
John Allyn. 

The Councill receiueing an acco'of the late expedition by the vol- 
unteer English and Indians, doe signify it is well taken by us, so far 
as hath been orderly carryed in obedience to Major Palmes and the 
other English commanders that were out ; but what hath been other- 
wise done, we must see rectifyed when we haue opportunely to call 
to acco', vnless such things be before taken vp and done to the sattis- 
factionof the sayd Major, Mr. Fitch and Capt. Auery, as respecting 
wampum and other goods that was taken as plunder, yet is said to 
belong to inocent persons not enemies : if so it shall appeare to the 
sayd three Gentlemen or to ourselucs, it ought to be restored ; for 
we may not allowe wrong doing nor disorder, in the persuit of our 
just revenge. And for the corne at Shannuck, it being in the ene- 
mies' country, we cannot but judge it to be lawfull plunder for those 
English that shall seiz it ; yet we Icaue it with Major Palmes and 
Mr. Stanton, to gratify Ninccraft with such a proportion as they shall 
think meet to bestow upon him out of tlie same. 



JOURNAL OF THE COUNCIL, AC. 421 

We vnderstandingof much corne discovered and left in hazard to 
releive ennimies, or be stolen or lost, &;c. we doe order Major Palmes 
and Capt. Mason to take some effectuall course, either by prest men 
of English or Indians or both, or by volunteers, for the fetching it in, 
or of what more may be found to belong to enemies ; and whateuer 
is hid, and is not, before the goeing out, declared and proved to the 
commanders to belong to innocent persons, shalbe reckoned free 
plunder. 

If any shall orderly list themselues either und' the said Major or 
Captaines mentioned in o' former ord', as volunteers, [^Aey] shall 
haue biskit, powder and lead sufficient for the expedition, at the 
Country, charge, ouer and aboue the encouragment formerly ordered. 
And in all these motions, it is our express charge and command that 
o' commanders and souldiers be carefuU that they doe not wrong nor 
abuse Ninecraft in word or deeds, but carry it civilly and peaceably 
towards him, with whome we resolue to maintaine freindship and 
amity soe long as he shall carry it freindly and amicably towards us 
and keep his covenant and promises in any tollerable manner. 

Mr. James Fitch hath liberty to transport 40 bushells corn for 
Capt. Bradford, and sixty bushells for himselfe, to Swanzy or Boston. 



At a meeting of the Councill, March 24, 1676. 

Win. Leet Esq. Dep. Gov' ; Mr. Sam" Willys, Major Tallcott, 
Mr. James Richards, Capt. John Allyn,Mr. Rich'^ Lord. 

A letter was rec*^ from Major Palmes and answer returned to it, 
both which are on file. 

At a meeting of the Councill held at Hartford, March 25, 

1676. 

An order was sent to Mr. Fitch to prepare himselfe to goe forth 
with the army against the Narrogancetts. 

An order was allsosent to the Commissary of New London to send 
vp 1600 of Bread, a quantity of rum, w"" som meat, to be at Norwich 
by Monday next. 

Vpon the notice of the enemies being in the Narrogancett country,* 
the Councill did order as followeth : — 

*0n the 17th of March, the enemy burned the town of Warwick, with the eiception of a 
few houses. 

36 



422 JOURNAL OF THE COUNCIL, &.C. 

To Major Rob' Treat. 
These are to order you to take about one hundred of your men, 
w"" such comanders as you shall judg suitable, and make the best of 
your way to Norwich, and there to take vnder your command such 
commanders and souldiers as shall be appoynted to goe forth with 
you in the county of New London with the Moheags and Pequots, 
and to march forth in the Narrogancett countrey or Nipmug, accord- 
ing as you shall receiue inteligence when you com there to attaque 
and destroy the enemie, and such provission and estate as you can 
come at. And you are impowered with the advice of Mr. Fitch and 
the rest of your commanders to doe what in you lyeth for the pub: 
good, either by destroying or treating the enemie as to you shall 
seem best. And when you haue accomplished this expedition you 
are to make the best dispatch you can to return to Hartford to the 
Councill for farther orders. * 

Capt. Newbery was appoynted to improve their souldiers, of 
Windsor, in scouting the woods, and was permitted to appoynt som 
of them to assist Capt. Clarke in the remove of the desolate widdow* 
to Windsor, provided they doe not. stay out above one night. 



At a meeting of the Councill, March 26, 1676. 
A letter being receiued from Mr. Chapman, to desire that an abate- 
ment of their proportion of men may be made, answer was returned 
thereto, that no abatement could be made ; as p"' the letter on file 
more at large will appeare. 

[Capt. Robert Chapman writes from Saybrook, Mar. 25th, 1G76, that 
orders had been received from Major Palmes, to raise 20 men from that town 
and Lyme, for the proposed expedition; that 10 men had already been im- 
pressed, and would be ready to march as soon as the authorities could prop- 
erly efjuip them, — there then being a scarcity of arms, in the plantation ; that 
in conse<iuence of" the scattcredncss and incompactness" of the town, and its 
small population, there was great reason that it should be spared as much as 
possible, in the levies of men and arms; that having hitherto been annexed 
to New Ilavcn County, in the raising of troops ibr the Avar, they had contrib- 
uted their full quota with the other sea-side western towns, and now were 
called on for 10 men more, which was imposing a heavier burden on them 
than had been laid on any other town in tlie Colony, making 20 men taken 
from Saybrook in this war " wliich is very neare, and not (juite, one-third 
part of our men ;" that even in those parts of the town which were best able. 
It had become difhcult to maintain watch and ward ; that " though we must 
be contented to suiTer tcith the rest, yet not abore thv.m, as we canot see but 
we do," the westward towns being only rc(|uired to send men for the north- 
ern expedition, and the eastward towns being s[)ared for the eastward, and 
Saybrook alone " taken in both." He asks equal ])rivileges for the town, with 
others ; and the advice of the Council as to what should be done for " the 

* See note on the next page. 



JOURNAL OF THE COUNCIL, tC. 423 

preservation of the whole amongst vs," in case of attack by the enemy, &c. 
(Doc. 50.) 

The reply of the Council, (a copy of which, in Mr. Leete's hand writing, 
is subjoined to the letter of Mr. C.) declares " that times of exigents in hos- 
tility, on a suden ariseing, doe & may admit neither of the reason nor liberty 
to obserue y rule of proportion exactly, as in case of a house on fire, &c. Now 
this seemes to be such, in a degi-ee ; by the insurrection or incursion of y" com- 
mon enemy, whome all ought with readynes to repell, with all possible speed ;" 
they therefore advise compliance with Major Palmes' order ; yet as they are 
disposed as far as may be, to lighten the burden of the town, they " allow 
y= 2 men now come to be fitted, to be 2 of y^ ten ; with another y' was in gar- 
rison at Wickfbrd ; so then you will be but 7 new ; and (we suppose) yoa 
might be less than proportion, before ;" that the situation of the town, places 
it " in as good capacity for safety from the enemyes, as any place in this Col- 
ony ; and [it has] as little reason to be froward as any other of our townes ;" 
and that the men must not fail of being at Norwich, by Monday night.] 



At a meeting of the Councill, March 27, 1676. 

Wm. Leete Esq. Dep. Gov'; Mr. Sam" Willys, Major John Tall- 
cott, Capt. John Allyn, Mr. James Richards. 

There being complaynt made that Sam" Bissell, after his horss 
was prest by the Constable of Windsor, did deceiue him of him, and 
let him be turned out of his yards before his face, and did not take 
care to haue him returned againe, which was owned by the said Bis- 
sell, for his offence therein is adjudged to pay a fine of forty shillings 
to the pub: Treasurie of the County of Hartford. 

The Dept. Gov' haueing rec** a letter from Governor Winthrop, 
wherein he propounds a proposition ofimproueing Vncass, Ninicraft, 
&c., to use endeavoures to draw off soe many of the enemie as they 
can, by order of the Councill it is incerted in the sayd letter that they 
approve of the substance of the letter, and desire the Hono''^ Major 
Treat, Major Palmes, Mr. Fitch and Mr. Stanton to make improve- 
ment of the same as they have opportunety and time to doe it, &c. 

The Councill haueing appoynled Major Treat to pass over Conect- 
icutt River, and so to goe to Norwich according to former order, and 
they having rec'' inteligence of a party of Indians that, the last Sab- 
b >th day, did doe dispoyle there, and on Sabboth night burned great 
part of Simsbury, — the Councill ordered the calling back of that party 
that were goeing to Norwich ;* and allso, sent a post to Norwich and 

* The following order of the Council, without date, is written on a detached slip of paper, in 
the hand of Mr. Leete ; (Doc. 44, a.) 

" Major Treat being called back, with his Company, vpon the intelligence of Simsbury being 
burnt, tc a man caryed away from Windsor by sculking partyes of Indians that seeme to lye 
near these plantations to doe mischiefe, The Counsell orders the said Maior, or some officer 



424 JOURNAL OF THE COUNCIL, *C. 

New London with a letter to Major Palmes, to signify to him that 
the army was stayd, and that therefor we must leaue it with him, 
Mr. Fitch and the rest there, to act and move as they should see cause, 
but not to runne themselves into two great hazard if the enemies be 
multitudenoss in those parts ; and that they should endeauour to send 
out the Mowheags and Pequots in a sculking manner to suppress the 
enemie. 

Mr. Chauncey haueing received inteligence of the death of his 
child and the dangerous sickness of his wife, was permitted to pass 
home to vissit his famaly. 

[Doc. 51.] 

Much honoured. I am truely sorry that I am necessitated thus to trouble 
you. I have lately received a letter from some freinds, who doe acquaint me 
with the afflicted state of my family ; my wife being very lately delivered, the 
child dead, and my wife in danger of death, by reason of weaknesse prevail- 
ing upon her. I doe therefore humbly entreat your Worships to grant me a 
release to visit my afflicted family, and dear wife, if living. Excuse my bold- 
ness and troublesomenesse, and consider my condition. I hope my brother 
Bulkly, provided he have an easy and able horse,* will attend the army, upon 
their present motion ; only, if it be expected, he doth desire care may be 
taken for an easy horse, and that it may be sent him this night. I have not 
further to adde but my hearty prayers for the presence of the great and won- 
derful Counsellor with you, in your solemne consultations, and to subscribe 
myselfe. Your Worships reall servant, Is; Chauncy. 

Strattbrd, Mar. 27th, '76. 

My brother desires that care may be taken of Arthur Keed, if he goeth 
with the army, that he may not suffer. 

The Councill ordered, that there should be a post sent to Farming- 
ton to give them notice of the burning of Simsbury, and to advice 
them to stand vpon their guard for their own defence. 



At a meeting of the Councill, March 28% 1676, in Hartford. 
Wm. Leet Esq. Dept. Gov'; Mr. Sam" Willys, Major John Tall- 
cott, Capt. John AUyn, Mr. James Richards, Mr. John Wadsworth. 

under him, to goe or send forth a party of his soldyers daily, to scout about the woodes adiacent 
to these townes ; one day, one way & another day. another, as their conianders shall direct or 
conduct them from time to time, according to intelligence gained, or as they may haue speciall 
order from the Counsell ; not abouea fourth part of the band, ordinarily ; and Ihey may return 
to some of our townes each night, to quarter. The rest are to attend in their armes daily, some 
to warde, some to guard the people about plowing & sowing or other necessary occasions, for 
eaueing liues, and goodes, or preventing famine, if Cod will." 

• Mr. Bulkley, who had accompanied MajorTreat's forces in the expedition northward, early 
in March, was wounded by a shot from the enemy, in a sudden assault made by a small party 
of Indians upon the English. Ilubb. Ind. Wars, p. 186, 



JOURNAL OF THE COUNCIL, &C. 425 

The Councill grants liberty to Mr. John Blackleach to transport' 
twenty-foure bushells of Indian corn and two bushells of wheat and 
eight bushells of mault, upon Mr. Goodall's ketch to Boston. 

These following lines were by order of the Councill sent to the In^ 
dians (in hostility against the English) by Towcanchason. 

These are to signify unto all or any of those Indians whoe are now 
at war with the English, that the Councill of Conecticott haueing 
not wrounged the Indians nor injured them in the least so as to cause 
them to take up amies against us, but being called according to cov. 
enant to assist our confederates of Massachusetts and Pliinouth, haue 
taken sundry Indian captiues and some are deliuered to vs ; there- 
fore we haue thought meet to declare to the s'' Indians that we are 
willing to tender them an exchang of captives, for such English as 
they have in their hands ; and that upon the return of o" to Hadley, 
where we will meet them, theirs shall be set at liberty to come to 
them. We allso tender that if the s*^ Indians doe desire any treaty 
with vs, and can make appeare that they haue been wrounged by 
any of the English, we shall endeavour to haue that wroung recti- 
fyed, and heare any propositions that they haue to make vnto us ; 
and if any of the Sachems desire to treat with vs, they shall have 
liberty to com to vs and goe away without any molestation, sending 
word when and where before hand. And they may know that we 
are men of peace and willing to farther peace with all o' neighbours. 

Dated in Hartford, March 28, 1676. p"' order of the Councill, 

J. A. Sec'y. 

These to be convayed by Towcanchasson. 



March 31, '76. A meeting of the Councill, at Hartford. 
Wm. Leet Esq. Dep. Gov"' ; Mr. Sam" Willys, Capt. John Allyn* 
Mr. James Richards, Mr. Rich'' Lord. 

Vpon inteligence and occasion of some parties of sculking enni- 
mies that are come downe to lye about and amongst these plantations 
to annoy and destroy as they can catch, the Councill doe advise and 
order that the people of Haddum doe forthwith agree and come to- 
gether into the two uppermost best garrisoned places in their towne, 
to assist and defend each other, or agree to remove to some other 
plantations upon the River, as they may best provide for themselves 
and families. 

The Councill findeing that the Indians are scattered about the 
country and ly sculking about the plantations to doe mischiefe, espe- 
cially in the seuerall plantations vpon the River, and that sundry of 
the army haue great need to goe to their habitations for recruit, doe 
order that one-halfe of the souldiers that belong to the countv of N. 
36* 



426 JOURNAL OF THE COUNCIL, &C. 

Haven and Fayrefeild shall march forth upon the scoutt to prosecute 
and attacque the enemie in the best way they can, and in case they 
meet with no part of the enemie they are to repayre to their respect- 
iue habitations ; and the Assis" of N. Haven, for New Haven Coun- 
ty, and Major Gold with the three next Commissioners, for Fayre- 
feild County, are forthw"' to take order that there be so many new 
prest souldiers imprest to attend the country service as now shall re- 
turn, vnless the present souldiers som of them may be perswaded to 
continue in the service; and the souldiers so imprest are to be upon 
their march agayn towards Hartford, by Thursday next, at farthest, 
with their armes and ammunition compleat, well fixed and fitted for 
service; to be vnder command of Major Treate; and such as shall 
be disbanded, we desire notice may be taken of the time when they 
are disbanded, and their armes and ammunition to be secured for 
the country or other owners to whome they doe belong. 



At a meeting of the Councill, April 1", 1676, in Hartford. 

Wm. Leete Esq. Dept. Gov' ; Major John Tallcott, Mr. James 
Pwichards, Capt. John Allyn, Mr. Rich'^ Lord. 

The Councill appointed Mr. Sam" Willys and Mr. Wm. Pitkin 
to go to New Yorke and to p'sent the Gouern' with o' respects, and 
a letter from the Councill, a copy whereof is on file ; and allso, 
sundry instructions were giucn them to desire Gou' Andross to en- 
gage the Mowhawkes against o' Indian enemies, and to grant them 
leaue to goe up to Albany to speake w"" the Mowhawkes, &c ; as 
p' the instructions on file will appeare. Allso, Mr. Alex: Bryant 
and Mr. Tho: Trowbridg were desired to giue o' agents credit to y' 
value of £100, if tliey haue occasion for it to enable them to attend 
the country's occasions &c. 



At a meeting of the Councill, Aprill S^ 1676, in Hartford. 

Wm. Leete Esq. Dept. Gov'; Mr. Sam" Willys, Mr. James Rich- 
ards, Mr. John Allyn, Mr. Ben: Nubery, Mr. Rich'' Lord. 

Mr. John Blackleach is permitted to transport thirty bushells of 
corn to Boston for the reliefe of som that are in need of corn, vpon 
Mr. Good all's ketch. 

Major Sauage l\aueing propounded to vs to send up Major Treat 



JOURNAL OP THE COUNCIL, &.C. 427 

to goe forth against the enemie, an answer thereto was returned and 
the coppy thereof is on file. 

Mr. Sam" Rogers of New London bindes himselfe in a bond of 
twelve pownd to the Colony of Connecticutt, that Nath: Baker shall 
well and truely pay the balance of his acco' to the Country, when it 
shall be demanded of him the sayd Baker or of the sayd Rogers, 
and that he will discharge the Country of all charge and expence 
for fetching and bringing him to Hartford. 

John Mawdsley is granted liberty to transport 5 barells of flower 
and 12 bush: of Indian to Boston, upon Mr. Goodall's ketch ; the 
flower belonging to some of N. Hampton. 



At a meeting of the Councill, Aprill 4, 1676. 

Wm. Leete Esq. Dept. Gov"' ; Major John Tallcott, Capt. John 
Allyn, Mr. James Richards, Mr. Rich*^ Lord. 

The Councill ordered a return of a letter to Mr. Fitch, wherein 
they signify to him their minds with refference to the Indians &c : 
as by the coppy of the letter on file will more at large appeare. 

Allso, a like letter was drawn up and sent to Major Palmes ; a 
coppy whereof is on file. 

[Two letters from Major Palmes, dated Mar. 80th, were received by the 
Council, before their meeting of April 4th. The first, (Doc. 53,) written 
from Norwich, acknowledges the receipt of a letter from the Councill, of Mar. 
27th,* with their reasons for detaining iSIajor Treat and his forces, "so much 
to the dissatisfaction & expectation of our soldiery, who were ready heere to 
observe your orders & his comands ;" Major P. could not possibly go forth in 
the proposed expedition, but had listed all the volunteers under Capt. Deni- 
son & Lieut. Leffingwell, and the pressed soldiers under Capt. Avery and 
Lieut. Minor, with orders to march " towards Egunck and so to Coessett ;" 
there were 37 pressed men and 42 volunteers, with about 100 Indians, Pe- 
quots and Mohegans, with some of Ninigret's daughter's men ; he is doubtful 
of the " well accord" of the English, in their march and fight, observing 
" many inconveniences by this mixture of pressed men and volunteers ;" and 
desires " that for future the manadgm' may bee left to whome you shall see 
cause to intrust, and not every man to be his own carver, at your charge, to 
engratiate himself thereby into favour with English & Indyans;" but 15 men 
went with the party from Norwich, all volunteers, " which may well be fur- 
nished out, when twenty men are maintained in their places at the country's 
charge, &c. The letter was sent by " Isaac Hazleburrough, baker, being at 
New London." 

The second letter, written from N. London, the same day, (Mar. 30th,) 
informs the Council that the messenger entrusted with the former letter had 
been detained, Major P. expecting to send up with him, 20 Pequots and Mo- 
hegans, as the Council had desired, under the care of Lieut. Samuel Martin. 

* See page 423, ante. 



428 JOURNAL OF THE COUNCIL, &C. 

Major Palmes complains of" one Dible of Haddam," for going away contrary 
to order ; and also, of Saybrook and Lyme for deferring to send their pro- 
portion of troops until tliey had received ordei-s from the Council themselves. 
The A'olunteers too, disown his authority over them, and refuse to obey any 
but their own officers, " and some doe not stick to say that your Hon'* haue 
no power to put them vnder any other comand" or upon any other servis." 
He asks the Council, either " to impower som more meete person to attend 
the servis, or else lett mee know how i'ar my power extends, that I may keepe 
within bounds, and not omit what is my duty, to the prejudice of the peo- 
ple ;" * * " for I ayme at nothing but order, and that authority may be vp- 
held in those that God and the People have ordered to rule ; without which 
there can bee noe safty of our persons or estates" &c. He " humbly desires 
to bee freed from any publick imployment, rather than want power to dis- 
charge the duty of my place, whereby the people vnder my care and charge, 
or tlie publiek, may receive prejudice." He alludes to " falsehoods vented to 
[his] disrepute," although he cannot charge himself" M-ith any evil or irregu- 
lar action to any particular person or the publie." A contention was Uke to 
arise between the Volunteers and pressed soldiers, as to the distribution of 
plunder and captives ; upon which, the decision of the Council is asked.] 

[Reply, Doc. 57.] 
[The Council are sorry to learn " there is so little attendance of order, in 
this time of difficulty ;" will call Dibble, to an account, for his irregular de- 
parture, and hope his ill example may not be followed by others ; regret that 
^laj. Palraes's occasions would not allow him to go forth with the soldiers, — of 
whose safe return and peaceable deportment each to other, they long to hear; 
as to the disputes concerning the Major's power over the county, in his mili- 
tary capacity or as Commissioner, '• they are altogether unproffitable, and 
the raysers of them might be better imployed ;" Mr. Chapman had been in- 
formed of the Council's dislike of his not sending the men ordered from Say- 
brook ; " order must be upheld and a due submission to authority mayntained, 
or ruin will com in ; and generally those that doe most stand to mayntayne 
order, are by the rude nuiltitude abused therefor ;" the prudent management 
of Maj. P. had been well apju'oved by the Council, — " which may yeild more 
sattistaction than the impertinent censures of a giddy multitude should dis- 
courage." As to the arms and plunder which should be taken from the en- 
emy, the Council order that such arms as are brought in by the Indians should 
be surrendered by (or, if necessary,) purchased from them ; the j)lunder was 
to be shared V>y the volunteers with the pressed soldiers, &c. Reference is 
made to the Council's letter to Mr. Fiteh, which Major Palmes is requested 
to see, as there was no opportunity to again write the same things, &c.] 



At a meeting of the Councill in Hartford, Aprill 7, 1676. 

Wm. Leete Esq. Dept. Gov''; Major John Tallcott, Mr. Henry 
Woolcott, Capt. John Allyn, Mr. James Richards, Capt. Benj: New- 
bery, Mr. John VVadsworth, Mr. Rich'' Lord. 

Mr. Daniel Withcrly, Mr. Joshua Raymond, are permitted to send 
forth the Good Ketch, the New London, out of their Harbour of N. 
London, for the Barbadoes, and seuen men are permitted to sayle in 
her, and noe more ; with liberty to transport bread for theire neces- 
sary prouission and noe more ; and the sayd Mr. Witherly and Mr. 



JOURNAL OF THE COUNCIL, &C. 429 

Raymond to transport 20 bushells of pease, each of them, upon their 
acco'. 

Deacon Butler is permitted to ship six bushells of Indian corn on 
board Mr. Goodall, for his son Green. 

Vpon a petition from sundry persons in Windsor that they might 
have liberty to cutt some wood neer their towne, dureing this pres- 
ent war, the Councill having concidered the same, doe look upon it 
necessary for the present safety of o' people that there should be 
some mercy shown in this case and season, and therefore doe order 
that the Authority in Windsor with the Townesmen, doe, on each 
side of the river, veiw the most convenient places and proportionable 
as neer as may be that no person be overburthened, and appoynt 
where men shall fetch wood for this present time of stress, and order 
allso what sattisfaction shall be returned for such wood by those that 
shall so fetch wood. 

Vpon acco' of Capt. Denison and Lnt. Minor of their expedition 
against the Indian enemies neer those parts,* which acco' was to 
good sattisfaction, but they findeing the encouragement allowed not 
sufficient, The Councill see meet to declare and order that the sayd 
Capt. Denison and Capt. Auery, w"" their Liutenants and officers, 
may proceed on in the like service, with such companies of Volun- 
teers as they can prevayle withall to be listed under them, and shall 
for their encouragement be alowed just pay for their necessary pro- 
vission and wages for their time while they are out upon service as 
others of o'' prest souldiers haue, and hire for the officers' horses (w"" 
allowance for a chirurgion, if he goeth forth with them,) on the 
country's acco', and their wounded men, to be taken care of, as other 
prest men ; they to be suited w"" ammunition on the country's acco'. 
They are to see that notice be giuen to the Authority of the town 
whence they goe forth upon the service, and so when they com in ; 
and there to lay in the guns taken from the enemie ; in leiw of which 
gunns they shall be allowed credit, ten shillings p" gun for eury gunn 
belonging to the Indians' part, upon the country acco'. The sayd 
Captaines are to order the distribution of what shall be taken, pro- 
portionably amongst the English, and according to the agreement, 
amongst tlie Indians ; and all are to carry themselves orderly and 
m the fear of God. And we doe allso order that all people of 
those plantations that are gathered together into garrisons, doe con- 
tinue in them to defend themselves against the assaults of the ene- 
mie, till farther order. 

* See note on page 430, post. 



430 



JOURNAL OF THE COUNCIL, &C. 



Isack Johnson was permitted by the Councill to goe to Roxbury to 
vissit his afflicted freinds there, to return again the very next oppor- 
tunety. 

A letter to Major Palmes was sent, and the coppy of it is on the 
file; and another to Westfield. 

[Letter from Maj. Palmes, to the Council. Doc. S8, n.] 

New Lend ', y^ 5th of April!, 1676. 

Hon"' S". I race' yesterday an aceo' by Indyan intelligence of ye good 
successe God had given our forces in this last expedition ;* but durst not ven- 
ture to give y'' country y charge and yo"^ Hon'" the trouble, till it was con- 
firmed by English alsoe ; who in som things doe vary; but the mayne, about 
Nanonanto is true ; & might my opinion passe when thei-e is noe helpe, 
I aprehend it might haue proved more for the public benifitt yf his execu- 
tion had bin deffered till y' Hon'^" had the intelligence first of his being 
seized. But for the order of it, and relation of the whole, I shall refer to 
the barer'sf information, who I haue desyred to com vp on purpose that 
\' hon''' may take it from himselfe, & his judgm' what is meete farther to be 
don. AVhereby you will vnderstand how much y power putt in my hands is 
slyted, and that you giue to others, vplauded, yf not exceeded, lor the at- 
tayneing such ends as the barer can infonne. Which I shall very freely 
comply with, yf y Hon'-' thinke it most for publick convenyence & safety ; but 
cannot take it kindely from som persons to prossecute there dessigns by such 
indyrect meanes as y entertayneing, if not contriueing, soe many falsehoods 
to bee published to my disrepute. 

Since the above, Capt. Denison is com hither to com vp to y"' Hon", who 
is alsoe able to giue a full relation of y affayre & what is further to bee 
don ; whose abillity & prudence I highly comend, soe far as it agrees with 
y Hon" orders ; and doe desyre that hee may bee incouraged & invested 
with such power as may inable him to bare comand, to y subdueing such 
turbulent speritts as will owne noe authority but their owne will ; which 
y' Hon" will have opertunity to infonne him of what y"' pleasure is in that 
respect. Inclosed is a relation of Mr. John Stanton's, Avhich Capt. Denison. 
can explayne; beeing what time will afford at p'sentfrom, 

Yo' Hon" humble servant, Edw^ Palmes. 

•This expedition of Capt. Denison and Capt. Avery, with the eastern volunteers, had been 
••minently successful. They marched from Norwich on the 30th of March ; and before their 
return, on the 4th or .5th of April, had killed or taken prisoners 44 of the enemy. Among their 
captives was the chief surviving sachem of the Narragansetis, Canonchet or Nanuntenoo. the 
Fon of Miantonimo. The particulars of his capture and e.\ecution may be found in Hubbard's 
Iiid. Wars. (pp. lli.i-Kii) ;) Truiuliull's Hist of Conn. I. 34.'J-34.5. Hutchinson, referring to this 
and the subsequent expeditions of Capt. Denison and his associates, says (Hist, of Mass. L 301) ; 
note.) " The brave actions of the Connecticut volunteers have not been enough applauded. 
Denison's name ought to be perpetuated. The Narragansett l''ight had enraged the Indians and 
made them desperate, and the English plantations, after that, were in greater danger than be- 
fore ; but this successful hunting them and ferretting them out of their burrows, sunk and 
broke their spirits, and seems to have determined the fate of English and Indians, which^ll 
then was doubtful and uncertain." 

t The bearer, as appears from the superscription, was Lieut. Thomas Minor, of Stonington ■ 
one of the oflicers of the regular or pressed soldiers who accompanied the volunteers. 



JOUUNAL OF THE COUNCIL, &.C. 431 

[The Council's Reply. Doc. 58. b.] 

Hartford, Aprill 7th, 1676. 

S^ We hauc .seen cause to encourage Cajjt. Denison & Capt. Avery to 
rays volunteers & to prosecute the enemie w"' all vigor. We desire that they 
may be incouraged and w"*" all possible speed hasted forth against the enemie ; 
and we doe desire that Owanecoe, Robbin and Mamahoe, may each of them 
haue a coate bestowed upon them ; and that what provissions we haue at Nor- 
wich or New London, in the commissary's hand, that it be proportioned among 
the souldiers, what of it they need, for this next e.xpedition ; and that ammu- 
nition be allso prouided & moderately dispenced to them. We doe request 
your care and assistance of them, what you may, vpon all occasions, both 
in procureing ammunition and those coates mentioned, and what els you 
judg may be requisit for the encourageing & helping forward y.- designe ; 
and some skins tor Indians shoes that arc in want. S% the Gentlemen 
y' neighb" are impatient of staying any longer ; (we shall enlarge to you by 
the next oportunitie, in answer to y' letters ;) & therefore cannot enlarge ; but 
committ you to the guidance & blessing of iiod & are y"^ loving freinds, 

Y' Councill of Connecticott, &c. 

We have spoken w"* Mr. Witherell & Mr. Raymond to assist in the 
premises. 

For the Hon'^J Major Edw: Palmes, 
atN. London, this dl'd. 

[LeUer from Westfield. Doc. OQ, a.] 
[A letter signed by Rev. Edward Taylor and Isaac Phelps, Thomas and 
Josiah Dewey, and David Ashley, in behalf of the town of Westfield, Mass., 
dated April 5th, 1(J7(), acknowledges the receipt of a letter of "sympathising 
respect," from the Connecticut Council ; they had come to a conclusion to 
draw in the out garrisons of the town, according to the order of the Mass'ts 
Council, and to contract their fortifications so as to be but about 70 rods in 
length and 20 broad, which were to be strongly and closely fortified ; and to 
remain there, provided they could obtain a garrison of 30 or 40 men ; but, 
having applied to the General, he had informed them that he had no power 
to order soldiers to that place ; and so the town was again put upon new 
straits and difficulties. The Bay Council had advised that Westfield should 
be abandoned, and its inhabitants remove to Springfield. This they were 
unwilling to do, — especially as many ot their people were dangerously ill, with 
the prevailing sickness, and it would be their death, to remove. They ask ad- 
vice from the Council, whether to attempt the planting of their fields ; and 
also desire to know, if they may hope for aid from Connecticut in removing 
themselves and their estates, down the River, to that Colony, in case the re- 
covery of the sick should render removal possible, &c. 

The Council write, in reply, that they sympathize with the people of West- 
field in their sufferings ; but are unwilling to otter any inducement to draw 
them off from obedience to the authority of Massachusetts, to the discourage- 
ment of other towns there ; yet, they " cannot but say, when God shall open 
the door with safety, both for shelter to you and security to vs in reference to 
the disease, we shall acco' it our duty, and accordingly be ready, to lend our 
assistance In your transport and give such entertainm' as we are capable ;" 
advising them, in the mean time, to have patience a little longer ; If they 
should " adventure to sow some wheat, possibly [they] may find opportunity 
of reaping. It's good doclng ichat we can, and leachuj ike rest to 6'o</."] 



432 JOURNAL OF THE COUNCIL, &C. 

At a meeting of the Councill m Hartford, Afrill 8'\ 1676. 

Wm. Leete Esq. Dept. Gov"^; Major John Tallcott, Capt. John 
Allyn, Mr. James Richards, Mr. John Wadsworth. 

The Councill wrot a letter to Mr. Fitch to acquaint him that they 
had receiued Nanantonoe's head, and giuen the Indians each a coat, 
&c. ; and to order him and Major Palmes to order what they judg 
meet sattisfaction to the Indians for their good service, &:c. : as p' the 
letter on file will more at large appeare. 

Major Tallcott haueing moved the Councill for a permitt to trans- 
port some corn to Boston, for the obtayneing of some necessaries for 
his famaly and pliissicall drugs, the Councill permitts him to trans- 
port fifty bushells of corn, on Mr. Goodall's Ketch. 

The Councill grants Mr. Joseph Persons liberty to transport to 
Boston, upon Mr. Goodall's Ketch, the sume of fifty bush: of corn, 
the produce of his lead being part of it ; his former losses and pres- 
ent occasions calling for such releife. And G. Coy is permitted to 
transport what corn he brought from Springfeild. 



[Before another meeting of tlie Council, letters from Boston brought intel- 
ligence of the death of Gov. Winthrop. 

A letter from the Comm'rs of the U. Colonies, (Doc. 59,) dated April 
5th, was forwarded by Capt. Andrew Belcher. After alluding to the Gov- 
ernor's death and condoling with the Council in the great loss the colony and 
the whole land had thereby sustained,* the Comm'rs express their dissatisfac- 
tion at the course taken by Connecticut in prohibiting the exportation of corn 
to Massachusetts, and in refusing licenses to merchants and others, belonging 
to that Colony, to bring away what corn they had already purchased and 
stored in warehouses in Connecticut. The Comm'rs also refer to the seizure 
of corn on board Mr. Belcher's vessel, at Saybrook, as he was about saiUng 
for Boston, thereby retarding him eighteen days before he secured another 
fair wind, — as " unusual rigorous deahng." 

A letter from the Council of Massachusetts (Doc. Gl,) dated at Boston, 
April 7th, — thus refers to Gov. Winthrop's death : — 

"It having pleased Almighty God to put a jjcriod to the life of that Avorthy 
Gentleman, your Hono''^ Governour, who hatli for so long a time been emi- 
nently a publique ornament, honour & blessing, not only to your Colony in 
particular, but this whole Country, wee could not but by the first dispatch 
these lines to you, that wee might accompany the tidings thereof with our 
deepe sense of so awfull & solcmne a stroakc ; and to lett you know that wee 
heartily condole W' you in this sad bereavement. AVee must needs looke 
vpon it as a further ])rocceding of that displeasure of Almighty God against 
his poorc pcoj)le in these Colonics, wlum such ])lcdges of his presence & emi- 
nent instruments of good are \v^''(li'awne. And our hearty prayer is, that both 
you and wee may bee humbled vnder & suiteably make improovement of all 
such Brouidenccs ; and that a proportionable measure of that spirit of wis- 

* See an extract from this letter, in a note to page 273, ante. 



JOURNAL OF THE COUNCIL, &C. 433 

dome, reall moderation & charity, which was powred forth on the deceased 
may still be inhasrited by all that doe survive and may stand in publicke 
place amongst us." 

The Council then allude to the difficulties about the shipment of corn, 
and the detention of citizens of Massachusetts " that are following theire 
occasions" in Connecticut ; and suggest " whether the stop w'' you continue 
upon the come which our inhabitants have bought and paid for, and which 
lies vpon theire acco'int w"' you, might not be speedily be taken ofl", least 
publick inconvenience ensue thereon," &c. 

A Postscript gives an account of the defeat and slaughter of Capt. Pearce 
and his company (of Scituate) by the Indians, on the 26th of March. The 
enemy were 1500 strong. Capt. Pearce, his lieutenant and 63 men were 
slain. On the same day and about the same hour, the enemy appeared at 
Marlborough, burnt 13 houses, killed one man and wounded another; but 
were finally repulsed. On the 28th, Rehoboth was attacked, about 66 houses 
and barns burned, and a straggler from the garrison killed. On the 29th, 
about 30 houses were burned at Providence, and " one Wright" was killed, 
" that was neither Quaker nor Anabaptist, well versed in the Scriptures, but 
opinionated; would not retire to any garrison, listlesseto medle, nay, refused 
to haue to doe w"' any civil buisnes." Mr. (Roger) Williams had had a long 
discourse with the Indians. Since then, April 5th, the enemy had burned 
one house and killed a man at Andover, and fired a house at Chelmsford.] 



At a bieeting of the Councill, in Hartford, Apr: 10, 1676. 

Wm. Leet Esq', Dep. Gov''; Major John Tallcott, Capt. John 
Allyn, Mr. James Richards, Mr. Sam" Tallcott. 

The Councill ordered the Treasurer to improve the corn that was 
seized at Saybrooke and taken out of Mr. Belcher's vessell, and to 
ship it off for Boston on Mr. Goodall's Ketch. 

Mr. Goodall is granted liberty to transport 20 bushells corn to 
Boston. 

Mr. Bulkly is granted liberty to transport 60 bush: corn to Boston 
on Mr. Goodall's Ketch, to pui'chass som necessaries and phissicall 
druggs. 

Mr. Gidion Allyn hath liberty to transport 30 bush: corn to Bos- 
ton, for the supply of his famaly. Mr. Benj: Montfort is granted 
liberty to transport 20 bush: corn to Boston on Mr. Goodall's Ketch. 
Mr. Wm. Gibbons hath liberty to transport 4 or 5""° worth of corn to 
Boston, on Mr. Goodall's Ketch. 



A MEETING OF THE CoUNCILL, ApRILL 12, 1676. 

Wm. Leet Esq. Dept. Gov' ; Major John Tallcott, Mr. James 
Richards, Capt. John Allyn, Mr. John Wadsworth. 
37 



434 JOURNAL OF THE COUNCIL, &.C. 

An Answer to a letter of Mr. Fitch's of Aprill 10, was prepared 
and sent to him, to order Vncass liberty to grant those Indians com 
in to him ground to plant in ; as appeares by s** letter on file. 

Mr. Jera: Child had liberty to transport 20 bush: corn to Boston, 
on Mr. Goodall's Ketch. 



A MEETING OF THE CoUNCILL, APRILL 15, 167fi, IN HaRTFORD. 

Wm. Leet Esq. Dep. Gov' ; Mr. Sam" Willys, Major John Tall- 
cott, Mr. Henry Woolcott, Capt. John Allyn, ]Mr. Sam" Tallcott, 
Capt. Ben: Nubery, Mr. John Wadsworth. 

Forasmuch as we haue wayted (some space since Mr, Nowell's 
return) to vnderstand the Generall of tlie Bay forces, his considera- 
tions or motions, and heareing now of his departure home towards 
Boston, without signifying anything to vs of his advice or expectation 
from vs, — the Magistrates allso from the sea-side signifying their de- 
sire to have o"^ forces to remayne in their respective Countyes to 
which they belong ; allso, no exigent occasion appeareing for any 
instant motion within the compass of o' single capacity, — the Councill 
doe see cause and order, that the Hono^'' Major Treat and all his 
prest souldiers be dismissed, to remayn in their respectiue Counties 
and townes, out of pay, they and their horses ; yet the same to be in 
a ready fitted posture, with armes and ammunition, to be againe 
rallyed for a march upon call from the Councill, at a daye's warn- 
ing, to be at Hartford or elsewhere as they shall be appoynted or as 
occasion may be for their improvement, — either tlie same persons or 
such others in their roome and stead as the Authority in each county 
shall impress and list presently, vpon exchang for waighty reasons, 
alike fitted to march for service, in each county, by the Authorities' 
order there or by order from tlie Councill. And they are to per- 
forme equall duty in their respective townes as the other inhabitants 
doe, while they so abide at home ; where they may attend their 
necessary business as others, for wellfare and subsistance, till occa- 
sion and call for the safety of the country doe take them off' as afoar- 
sayd. And if they be called off" to goc out vpon an expedition, liaue- 
ing planted corn, due and equall care shall be taken to carry on the 
dressing of it as others that stay at home. 

It is allso ordered, vpon the discovery of any of the enemies being 
neer any plantation, it shall be in the power of the millitary officers 
to lead or send forth such suitable force as can be (in his judgment) 



JOURNAL OF THE COUNCIL, &C. 435 

spared, and are capeable to altaque, destroy or repell such enemies ; 
and all the officers and souldiers of each plantation are, in euery 
such case, to obey the comands of their cheife commanders, upon 
their utmost perill. 

A MEETING OF THE CoUNCILL, IN HaRTFORD, ApRILL 17, 1676. 

Wm. Leet Esq. Dep. Gov^ ; Mr. Sam" Willys, Major John Tall- 
cott, Capt. John Allyn, Mr. Rich'' Lord. 

Whereas Major Palmes hath had sundry captiues deliuered to 
him, and Major Winthrop, by Ninicroft, and those he bought of Capt. 
Pembleton and Ens: Leffingwell, which are now in the hands of the 
Pequots and Moheags, besides some others that the Pequots formerly 
tooke captive before Capt. Denison went out, which are not otherwise 
dissposed by the Councill, The Councill orders that they be forthwith 
delivered to Major Palmes and Major Winthrop upon their demands, 
they allowing just sattisfaction for their keeping of them the time 
they haue kept them ; and all persons besides are hereby prohibited 
the receiueing or buying them of the Indians, without licenss first 
obtayned from the Gen" Court or Councill. 

Major Palmes is permitted to transport fifty bushells of graine to 
Boston the next fitting opportunity for the supply of his there ; he 
himselfe is allso permitted to pass to Boston to vissit his famaly and 
attend some necessary occasions there. 



A MEETING OF THE CoUNCILL, IN HaRTFORD, ApRILL 18, 1676. 

Wm. Leet Esq. Dep. Gov'' ; Mr. Sam" Willys, Major John Tallcot, 
C apt. John Allyn, Mr. John Wadsworth. 

The Hono"^ Mr. Sam" Willys manifesting his inclinations to en- 
deauo'lhe effecting of a peace between the English and Indians, w"" 
the assistance of Major Winthrop and Mr. Stanton, the Councill for 
the incouragem* of the sayd Mr. Willys in so good a worke, declare, 
that if he please to make a tryall what may be done for the accom- 
plishment of an honourable and safe peace between the English and 
Indians, with the assistance of Major John Winthrop and Mr. Tho: 
Stanton, it will be acceptable and acknowledged a worthy underta- 
king of all who shall labour in the same, which the s*^ Gent" are de- 
sired and impowered to attend. 

A letter allso was sent to Major Andross, to desire him to vnder- 
take according to his letter by Mr. Willys &c. as p' the coppy on 
file will appeare. 



436 



JOURNAL OF THE COUNCIL, &C. 



[^Ir. Samuel "Willys and Mr. William Pitkin, who had been sent to New 
^ ork, as bearers of a letter to Gov. Andros, and commissioned to submit to 
him the propositions and requests of the Council, had now returned to Con- 
necticut. Copies of their communication to Gov. A., and of his reply, certi- 
fied bv Mathias Nicolls, Secretary, accompany a letter from him to the Coun- 
cil. (Doc. 63, a. & b.) ] 

To the Hon'''' Major Edmund Andros, Governour of his Highness' Terri- 
toryes in America. 

Sr. Having presented to your Honour the Letter which we received from 
the Secretary of the Councell of Connecticott Colony, according to our in- 
structions and the import of tliat Letter, as Agents sent from the said Coun- 
cell, We doe in their behalfe desire, — 

First, That your Hon"' will please to informe us of what intelligence you 
have as to the State & Place of the Indyan enemyes of y= Colony oi' Conecti- 
cott, and what correspondency the enemy holds Avith the Maques & Sinne- 
kes ; and how the said Maques & Sinnekes stand affected towards the said 
Colony of Connecticott, according as your Hon' is advertized or knoweth ? 

Secondly, Tliat yo' Hono"^ will advise us what is best to be done in exciting 
the Maques & Sinnekes to prosecute their and our enemyes, according as is 
propounded in the said Lett' ; and what present (if any) yo"^ Honi^ will advise 
us to give them to that end ? 

Thirdly, If your Hon'^ advize us thereto, that you will please to afford yo' 
aid and con