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General Index 

Abattoir in Amsterdam, Municipal 889 

Aberdeen, Wood Block Paving in 357 

Accounting, Street Cleaning 813 

Aims and Purposes, Our 25 

Aqueduct, Elizabeth Tunnel, Los An- 
geles 411 

Architecture, High Buildings and City... 814 

Ashes, Removal of Domestic 542 

Asphalt Oils, Wood Preserving with 158 

Pavement Construction 744 

Plant, Denver Municipal 668 

Repairing in Reading 777 

Streets, Oils on 410 

Assessments, Excess Condemnation 920 

Association for Highway Improvement.. 711 

Atlanta, Wood Block Pavements of 355 

Automobile Service, Municipal Garage 
and 223 

Baths, Pollution of Water in Public 260 

Beautifying Municipal Property 746 

Berlin Waste Utilization Plant 291 

Bidding in Toronto, Municipal 477 

Bids for Municipal Work, Low 485 

Billboard Decision, Missouri 888 

Binder and Aggregate, Bituminous 8o 

Bituminous Binder and Aggregate 85 

Concrete and Macadam 123 

Concrete Roadways 231 

Road Work, Terms Used in 359 

Bordentown, Sewage Disposal Works at. 441 

Boston, Smoke Abatement in 890 

Boulevards, St. Louis Parks and 79 

Bozeman, Concrete Pavement in 10 

Brick Pavement Details 197 

Pavements, Motion in 197 

Paving Specifications 544 

Rattler, New Standard 353 

Bridge, Concrete Arch Roadway 771 

Bridges in Colorado, Road 706 

Bronx Experimental Road, The 691 

Budget Exhibit in Hoboken 670 

Buffalo's Forestry Department, Work of. 115 
Buildings and City Architecture, High.. 814 
Business Proposition, City as a 24 

Cabinet, the Mayor's 225 

Calgary, Municipal Ownership in 415 

Cars, Overcrowding Street 156 

Catch Basin Designs 612 

Basins in Newport 619 

Chatham — Madison Sewage Disposal 

Works 317 

Chicago Street Lighting 196 

Street Paving Report 665 

Chlorine for Sterilizing, Amount of 322 

Cincinnati, Pure Water Saves Lives in.. 323 

.Street Lighting in 289 

Cleaning Accounting, Street 813 

and Refuse Disposal, Street 15 

Machine, Street 543 

of Streets, Control and 811 

Coagulating Non-Alkaline Water 166 

Coal by Specifications, Purchasing 918 

Columbia Water Works 191 

Comfort Station in Genoa, Public 122 

Station, Park Entrance and Public... 513 
Commercial Characteristics. Esthetic 

and 858 

Commission Government 253 

Government, Cities Having 21, 81 

Government in New Jersey 159 

Government in the Far West 41^7 

Concrete Arch Roadway Bridge 771 

.Excavation and 292 

Methods 777 

Methods in Rochester 809, 890 

Pavement in Bozeman 10 

.Retempering 813 

Roads in Michigan 714 

Water Tower in Holland 159 

Condemnation, Excess. Assessments.... 920 

Consumer, A Town as a Delinquent 547 

Consumption, Waste in Public Water.... 579 

Contractors, Cost Keeping for 743 

Control and Cleaning of Streets 811 

Co-operation in Philadelphia, Civic 321 

Corrosion by Hypochlorite Solutions 124 

Cost Keeping for Contractors 743 

of Pavements 379 

of Pipe Sewers, Yearly Variation in. . 446 
Creek Improvement, Squaw 573 

( !rematories at Houston, Refuse 84 

Creosote, Analyzing Coal Tar 520 

Creosoting Wood Blocks in England L22 

Curbs and Sidewalks, Repairing 290 

.Street Names on 481 

Dam Construction, Masonry 839 

Data on Request, Furnishing 165 

Dayton Water Works 256 

Day tona, Water Rates at 288 

Death Rates, Diminishing 447 

Dedication of Platted Streets 479 

Delaware, Road Building in 711 

Denver Municipal Asphalt Plant 668 

Street Signs 415 

Disinfecting Swimming Pools 57'i 

Dredge for Sewage Channels, Small 188 

Duluth, Water Rates in 416 

Dust Prevention and City Streets 811 

East Orange, Water Rates in 287 

Efficiency Records 774 

Electric Plant, South Norwalk Municipal. 411 

Plant, Wallingford Municipal 518 

Electrolytic Purification 193 

Emscher Tanks for Erie 228 

Erie, Emscher Tanks for 228 

, Water Situation in 323 

Esthetic and Commercial Characteristics. 858 

Estimates, Reliability of 260 

Excavation and Concrete 292 

Exhibit and Conference, City Planning... 739 

by Sewerage Commission 917 

.Canadian Public Health 197 

Filter, Chimney for Ventilating 258 

.Covered Sprinkler 258 

Experiments, Sprinkling 635 

Plant, A Russian Trickling 158 

Plant for Suburban Community 

Sprinkling 1 

Filters, Grand Forks Rapid Sand 883 

.Louisville Water Works 775 

.Odors from Sprinkling 259,290 

on Typhoid Rates, Effect of 322 

Filtration and Typhoid. Washington 86 

.Legislation Against Rapid 547 

.Multiple 855 

of Water, Double 193 

Plant, Operation of Washington 160 

Fire Boxes, Police Signals and 778 

College, New York 121 

Hydrant Rates 842 

Hydrant Rates — A Correction 889 

Hydrants, Use of 667 

System, Oklahoma City's 543 

Forestry Department, Work of Buffalo's. 115 

Fort Wayne Market House 409 

Fountains, The Cost of Drinking 543 

Garage and Automobile Service, Munici- 
pal 223 

Garbage at Newport, Disposal of 446 

Collection 120 

Disposal at Pasadena 125 

Disposal, Control of 

.Value of New York's 611 

Gas, Sampling Fuel 

Grades, Establishing Street 920 

Grand Forks, Pavements in 380 

Rapid Sand Filters 883 

Granite Block Specifications 

Blocks. Wood Jointed 

Greenwood, Street Lighting by Porch 
Lights in - 

Water and Light Plant 670 

Grit Chamber Sand, Washing 486 

Harrisburg, Hypochlorite at 166 

Water Works Notes 294 

Health Boards, Association of Georgia.. 619 

Boards, Functions of 613 

Bulletin, New York 417 

Condition, New York's 886 

Laws, Ontario ■'-' ' 

Record, New York's '45 

Records, Board of 'j ,:i 

Highway Improvement, Association for.. 711 

Highways, Specifications for Michigan.. 698 

Hoboken, Budget Exhibit in 670 

Houston, Refuse Crematories at 84 

Hydrant Rates. Fire 842 

Hypochlorite at Harrisburg 1^6 

at Niagara Falls 54 

.Plant for Applying 166 

Solutions, Corrosion by 124 

Illinois Water Survey 

Illumination, Street 

Imhoff Patents, The 324 

Tanks, The— An Explanation 55 

Improvements in Mexico. Municipal 575 

Incinerator, Milwaukee lis 

Information Bureau, City 579 

Kansas City, Concrete Paving in 776 

.Rapid Road Building in 

Laboratory and Field Investigations 889 

.Ohio State Road 700 

Lebanon, Sanitation at 26 

Liability for Impure Water 259 

for Water Supply 165 

of Municipal Officers M 

Libraries, Municipal Reference ^2 

Life of Water Works Construction 155 

Light Plant, Greenwood Water and 6v0 

Lighting a Small City, Paving and 194 

.Automatic Street 776 

by Porch Lights in Greenwood, Stre< 

.Chicago Street 1 96 

During 1910, Street 19 

,Gas and Electric Street 

in Cincinnati, Street 289 

in Several Cities, Street 923 

in Wichita, Cheaper Street 664 

.Intense Street 47 

Unsatisfactory, Private Street 21 

Los Angeles Aqueduct, Elizabeth Tunnel. 411 
Louisville Water Works Filters 775 

Macadam in California, Oil 357 

Macadam Roads, Specifications for 

Specifications, Oil 7"2 

Madison, Wis., Street Work in 701 

Wis., Water Notes 666 

Magnesium Chlorate for Removing Snow. 122 

Manholes in Winnipeg 448 

Market House, Fort Wayne 409 

Massachusetts Experiment Station 549 

Institute of Technology 547 

.Road Work in 699 

Mayor's Cabinet, The 225 

Mayors, State Conference of . . . 548 

Memphis, ^Yater Waste Survey in..... 

-Meter Installation and Maintenance.... 416 

Reading Directions 919 

Mexico, Municipal Improvements in 575 

Michigan Highways, Specifications for. 

Milk Regulations, New York 

Milwaukee Incinerator 198 

Refuse Incinerator 446 

Minneapolis Water Works Report 

Missouri's Diversified Roads 

Models, Construction of 916 

Montgomery Refuse Destructor 117 

Municipal Body, A Semi-OfnciaJ 227 

Ownership in Calgary 415 

New Orleans, Sewage Pumping in 

, Sewer Cleaning in 251 

.Water Kates in 286 

Newport. Catch Basins in 

.Disposal of Garbage at 446 

New Vo,k City Slow Pay 548 

Fire College 121 

Health Bulletin 417 

Milk Regulations 293 

Pavements 447 

Xew York's Asphalt Pavements 448 

Garbage, Value oi 

Health Condition 886 

Health Record 4 15 

Niagara Falls, Hypochlorite at 54 

Nuisances, Sewage Purification Plants as 53 

Numbering by Latitude and Longitude, 

House 668 

Odors from Sprinkling Filters 259. 290 

ers, Liability of Municipal 

State Road Laboratory 700 

( iil Macadam in California 

( liling Roads. Cost of 813 


Oklahoma City's Fire System 643 

Overcrowding Street Cars 

I 'ark Entrance and Public Comfort Sta- 

Maintenance, Cost of 778 

Roads 713 

Parks and Boulevards, St. Louis 79 


Pasadena, Garbage Disposal at '-•' 

Patents, Sewage Disposal ■•'■'■ 

Sew age Precipitation 

The imhoff 

Pavement Construction, Asphalt 744 

ciowns m Washington 667 

In Bozeman, Concrete 10 

Specifications, Committees on 8o2 

Pavements, Cost of 379 

in Demand, Best 379 

in Grand Forks 38o 

.New York Hi 

,New York's Asphalt 448 

of A llama, Wood Block 

Paving and Lightng a Small City L96 

Plocks, Iron-Concrete 3 1 8 

in 1910 and L91 I 362 

in Aberdeen, Wood Block 357 

in American Cites, Wood 381 

in Kansas City, Concrete 776 

in Pensacola, Wood Block 377 

Report, Chicago Street 665 

Specifications 519 

Specifications, Brick 544 

Specifications, standard 517 

Streets and Roads 20 

Toronto, Street 4S0 

Pay, New York City Slow 548 

Peekskill, Water Filtration at 473 

Pensacola, Wood Block Paving in 377 

Periodical, Value of a 87 

Philadelphia, Civic Co-operation 321 

.Municipal Telephones 15 ( 

Sewage .Disposal Experiments 519 

Pipe, Repairng a Steel 483 

Pipes for Water Mains, Steel 57U 

Planning Conference, The City 743 

, Control of Street 485 

Exhibit and Conference, City 739 

in American Cities, City -183 

in Practice, City 124 

Plans Commission for Salem, City 813 

Playgrounds, Somerville 917 

Police Signals and Fire Boxes '78 

Pollution, Acid Mine Drainage and ol5 

of Water in Public Baths 260 

Through Water Mains 669 

Poplar Trees to Go 26 

Positions, Retaining Municipal 55 

Poughkeepsie, Water Sedimentation in.. 323 
Poughkeepsie's Main Street, Improving. . 121 

Pumping in New Orleans, Sewage 2o6 

Station, Intercepting Sewer and Sew- 
age 605 

Purification, Electrolytic i»d 

.Essentials of Sewage 633 

of Water Supply 11 

Purity, Standards of 858 

Rate Making, Water 321 

Making, Water Works 857 

Rates, Fire Hydrant 842 

,Fire Hydrant — A Correction 889 

in Duluth, Water 416 

in Many Cities, Water 226 

.Water 227, 841 

Reading, Asphalt Repairing in 777 

,Pa., Public Works Notes of -. . 856 

.Sewage Purification at 778 

Records, Efficiency 774 

.Unreliability of City 123 

.Value of City 197 

Red Water Plague, The 849 

Reference Bureau, Wisconsin Municipal. 290 

Refuse Crematory at Houston 8 4 

Destructor, Montgomery 117 

Disposal, Street Cleaning and 15 

.Fertilizer from City 91S 

Incinerator, Milwaukee 446 

Reports, Promptness in Municipal 323 

Review and Outlook, General -■' 

River, Purifying the Ohio 123 

Road, A Florida Straw 119 

Appliances, Home-Made 706 

Building in Delaware 711 

Building in Kansas, Rapid 50 

Commission, Alaska 918 

Experiments, Modern 711 

Improvement in Nova Scotia 705 

Improvements in West Virginia 701 

Laboratory, Ohio State 700 

Methods in Great Britain 703 

Tests, Ohio Experimental 21 

,The Bronx Experimental 691 

Work in Massachusetts 699 

Work, Terms Used in Bituminous... 359 

Roads and Eye Troubles, Tarring 580 

,Cost of Oiling 813 

in Michigan, Concrete 714 

in the Several States and Territories, 

State Aid to / 712 

Missouri's Diversified 700 

.Park 713 

.Paving Streets and 20 

.South Carolina 711 

.Specifications for Macadam 707 

Train in Pennsylvania, Good 156 

Roadways, Bituminous Concrete 231 

Rochester, Concrete Methods in 809 

Rock, Sounding Bar for Locating 814 

Rubbish, Fuel Briquets from Street 518 

Rust in Service Pipes 577 

St. Louis Parks and Boulevards 79 

, Sewer Construction in 614 

Water Tower Abandoned 486 

Salt in Water, Injurious Effect of 288 

Sand, Washing Grit Chamber 486 

Sanitation at Lebanon 21; 

, Co-operative bo 

Sedimentation Tank Experiments lo 

Sewage Clarification 548 

Disposal at Shore Resorts 29o 

Disposal Experiments • |i; 

t ilsposal Experiments, Pmiaue.pma. ..•■■• 

Disposal in California 146 

Disposal Patents >■'• 

Disposal Problems 9 

Disposal, Sewerage and 7 

Disposal Works at Bordeutown 441 

Disposal Works, Chatham-Madison. . 317 

Plants, Operating ii'J 

Polluted Sea Water 887 

Precipitation Patents 3z3 

Pumping in New Orleans 266 

Purification at Reading 7,8 

Purification, Kssentials of 633 

Purification, German System of 410 

Purification Plants as Nuisances.... 53 
Sewer and Sewage Pumping Station, In- 
tercepting 605 

Cleaning in New Orleans 257 

Construction in St. Louis 614 

Gas, Deodorizing 613 

Outlet, Underground Storm 634 

Sewerage and Sewage Disposal 7 

Commission, Exhibit by 917 

Construction, For Better 634 

Statistics, Additional 610 

Statistics of American Cities 620 

Sewers, Yearly Variation in Cost of Pipe 447 

Sidewalk Fallacies 775 

Sidewalks, Repairing Curbs and 290 

Signs, Denver Street 4 I 5 

Sludge Treatment, Grossman System of. 810 

Smoke Abatement in Boston 8S0 

Snow. Magnesium Chlorate for Removing 122 

Somerville Playgrounds 947 

Sounding Bar for Locating Rock 814 

South Carolina Roads 711 

South Norwalk Municipal Electric Plant. 411 

Specifications, Brick Paving 544 

.Committees on Pavement 352 

.Development of Wood Block 349 

for Macadam Roads 707 

for Michigan Highways 698 

.Granite Block 354, 580 

,Oil Macadam 702 

.Paving 519 

.Standard 87 

Sprinkler Filter, Covered 258 

Sprinkling Filter Plant for Suburban 

Community 1 

Stable and Wagon House, Municipal 285 

Standards of Purity 859 

State Aid to Roads in the Several States 

and Territories 712 

Statistics, Additional Sewerage 610 

of American Cities, Sewerage 620 

Sterilizing, Amount of Chlorine for 322 

By Ultra- Violet Rays 858 

Straw Road, A Florida 119 

Street Cleaning Accounting 813 

Cleaning and Refuse Disposal 15 

Cleaning Machine 543 

Department Devices 919 

Grades, Establishing 920 

Illumination I'i 

Lighting, Intense 47 

Names on Curbs 480 

Railway Tracks 481 

Standards and "Elastic" Streets 803 

Traffic Data 412 

Widths and Sub-Divisions 805 

Work in Madison, Wis 701 

Streets and Roads, Paving 20 

, Control and Cleaning of 811 

.Dedication of Platted 479 

.Dust Prevention and City 811 

.Narrowing Minor Residence 745 

.Width of Wholesale 813 

Subsurface Structures, Locating 151 

Swimming Pools, Disinfecting 577 

Tank Experiments, Sedimentation 485 

Tarring Roads and Eye Troubles 580 

Telephones, Philadelphia Municipal 157 

Toledo W T ater Works Notes 257 

Toronto, Municipal Bidding in 477 

Street Paving 480 

Waterworks Intake Troubles 663 

Tracks, Street Railway 481 

Traffic Census, Taking 54 

Data, Street 412 

on Fleet Street, London 923 

Transportation Problem, The City 165 

Trees to Go, Poplar 26 

Tvphoid Epidemic, Study of 294 

Rates, Effect of Filters on 322 

.Washington Filtration and 86 

Ultra-Violet Rays, Sterlizing by 858 

Ventilating Filter, Chimney for 258 

Voting, Preferential System of 486 

Wallingford Municipal Electric Plant 518 

Washington Filtration and Typhoid 86 

Filtration Plant, Operation of 160 

Waste Utilization Plant, Berlin 291 

Water and Light Plant. Greenwood 670 

Conduits, Material for 519 

Consumption, Waste in Public 579 

.Double Filtration of 193 

Filtration at Peekskill 473 

in Public Baths. Pollution of 260 

.Injurious Effect of Salt in 288 

Water Llabllitj for Impure 259 

Viains, Pollution Through 669 

Mains, Steel Pipes for 579 

Notes, Madison, Wis 666 

Plague, The Red 819 

Purification at Wilmington 541 

Rate Making 823 

Ra te Problem, The 293 

Rates 221, 811 

Rates at Daytona 288 

I tales in Duluth 416 

Kates in East Orange 287 

Rates in Many Cities 226 

Rates in New Orleans 286 

Rates, Making 287 

Saves Lives in Cincinnati, Pure 323 

Sedimentation in Poughkeepsie 323 

Shortage, Prepare Now for 669 

Situation in Erie 323 

Supply, Catskill 835 

Supply, Liability for 165 

Supply, Purification of D 

Survey, Illinois 85n 

Tower Abandoned, St. Louis 186 

Tower in Holland, Concrete 159 

Waste Survey in Memphis 847 

Works, Columbia 191 

Works, Construction, Life of 155 

Works, Dayton 256 

Works Details, Texas 478 

Works Efficiency, Cincinnati 119 

Works Filters, Louisville 775 

Works Intake Troubles, Toronto 663 

Works Notes 856 

Works Notes, Harrisburg 294 

Works Notes, Toledo 257 

Works Questions 773 

Works Rate Making 857 

Works Report, Minneapolis 85 

Works Topics, Discussion of 416 

Wells, Determining Yield of 576 

West Virginia, Road Improvements in... 701 

Wichita, Cheaper Street Lighting in 664 

Width of Wholesale Streets 812 

Wilmington, Water Purification at 541 

Winnipeg, Manholes in 448 

Wood Block Pavements of Atlanta 355 

Block Paving in Aberdeen.'. 357 

Block Paving in Pensacola 377 

Block Specifications, Development of. 349 

Blocks in England, Creosoting 122 

Blocks, Oil for Preserving 54 

Blocks, Untreated 378 

Paving in American Cities 381 

Preserving with Asphalt Oils 159 

Works Notes of Reading, Pa., Public 856 

News of the Municipalities 


Albany, N. Y 88, 199, 232 

Altoona, Pa 638 

Annapolis, Md 27 

Atlanta, Ga ". 56, 384 

Atlantic City, N. J 715 

Augusta, Ga 88 

Baltimore, Md 88, 199, 384 

Beloit. Wis 232 

Berkeley, Cal 924 

Binghamton, N. Y 126, 199, 779 

Birmingham, Ala 891 

Bloomfield. N. J .' 521 

Boston, Mass 28, 126, 779, 780 

Bowling Green, Ky 638 

Bridgeport, Conn 747 

Brooklyn, N. Y 88 

Brownsville, Tex • 449 

Buffalo, N. Y 56 

Burlington, la 52 L 

Camden, Pa 385 

Centerville, Md 487 

Charleston, S. C 747 

Chattanooga, Tenn 168, 325 

Chicago. Ill ' 487, 780 

Cincinnati, 56, 126, 200, 385, 582, 671 

Clayton, Mo 56 

Cleveland, 27, 385 

Clifty, Tenn 232 

Corpus Christi, Tex 296 

Council Grove, Kan 747 

Crowley, La 167 

Dallas, Tex 88, 385 

Dayton, 860 

Denver, Col 167 

Des Moines, la 127, 747 

Duluth, Minn 168, 384 

East Orange, N. J 56 

El Paso, Tex 126, 385 

Erie, Pa 168, 232 

Everett, Wash 167 

Federalshurg. Md 167 

Fort Dodge, la 27 

Fort Smith, Ark 715 

Fort Worth. Tex 550 

Freeport, 111 126 

Galen, N. Y 326 

Galveston, Tex 716 

Grand Rapids, Mich 815 

Hagerstown, Md 550 

Hamilton. Mont • • ■ ■ 638 

Harrisburg, Pa 262, 296 


Hartford, Ala 582 Boston, .Mass [27, 108, 419 WATER SUPPLY 

Hartford, Conn Its Bridgeport, Conn ... 451 vkron O ui 8W 

Hustings. Pa 6Vj Bryan, Tex 450 Altoona Pa 

Houston, Tex 167, 325 Buffalo, N. Y Atlanta, Ga 7.'. 7. '.7. .7... 

Huntington, lnd oi'o Burlington, \i 

Indianapolis, lnd. 

.57, 89, 126, 418, 715 

Kansas City, Mo 780 

Kingston, N. V 638 

Knoxville, Tenn 860 

Lansing, Mich 167 

Leavenworth. Kan 199, 418, 187 

Lexington, Ky 891, 924 

Long Branch, N. J 860 

Los Angeles. Cal 200, 385, 582, 7 1 . 

Louisville, Ky 199. 200, 418, 187 

McKeesport, l'a 715 

on, Ga 88 

Marion, lnd 779 

Masi.lon, 88 

Milford, 167 

Milwaukee, Wis 296, 418, 671, 779, 860 

Minneapolis, Minn 56, 716 

Montclair, N. J 89 

Montgomery. Ala 232 

Mount Vernon, N. Y 262 

Newark, X. J 127, 487, 891 

Newark, X. Y 16. 

New Britain, Conn 550, 779 

Xewburg, N. Y 262 

New London, Conn 384 

New Orleans, La 167, 325, 521 

New Rochelle, N. Y 262 

Xew York, X. Y 28, 56, 89. 232 

Niagara Falls, Ont 582 

Norwich, Conn 582 

Chattanooga, Tenn 

Chicago, 111 127, 7 is 

Chico, Cal 450 

Clearwater, Fla 488 

t Ueveland, O 

ngswood, N. J 168 

Columbus. O 

Concord, N. H 200 

Dallas, Tex 2 

Decatur, Ala 41fl 

Defiance, 780 

Denton, Tex 386 

Duluth, Minn 9". 

East Orange, N. J 780 

Easton, Md 925 

Elizabeth, N. J 29 , 

Erie, Pa 90, 1-7, 200, 

Fitchburg, Mass 263 

Fort Scott, Kan 386, 815 

Gaffney, S. C 551 

Hackensack, N. J 450 

Haddonfield, N. .1 200 

Hasbrouck Heights, N. J ??? 

Henderson, Ky 128 

Houston, Tex 90 

Huntington, lnd 234 

Hutchinson, Kan 816 

Indianapolis, lnd 90, 716, 780, 815 

Oakland, Cal 27 Jacksonville, Fla 263, 419, 551 

Oklahoma City, Okla .47, 815 

Olympia, Wash 487 Kenmore, N. Y 200 

Paris, France 296 

Paterson, N. J 232 

Pawtucket, R. I 779 

Perth Amboy, N. J 296 

Philadelphia, Pa 167, 200, 385, 715. 779 

Phoenix, Ariz 638 

Pittsburg, Pa 89, 449, 487 

Plainfield, N. J 56 

Portland, Ore 57, 418, 449, 582 

Port Townsend, Wash 325 

Providence, R. 1 550, 715 

Puyallup, Wash 638 

Rensselaer, N. Y , 

Riverside, Cal 

Rochester, N. Y 


.168, 200, 232, 815 

St. Augustine, Fla 167, 296, 384, 

St. Joseph, Mo 

St. Paul, Minn 418, 

Sacramento, Cal 168, 

Saginaw, Mich 

Salem, Mass 

Salt Lake, Utah 

San Antonio, Tex 

San Francisco, Cal 

San Jose, Cal 

Santa Monica, Cal 

Schenectady. N. Y 

Bcranton, Pa 

South Bend, lnd 57, 326, 

South Burlington, Vt 

Spokane, Wash 449, 5S2, 815, 860, 

Springfield, 111 

Springfield, 57, 296. 

Superior, Wis 

Syracuse, N. Y 57, 262, 297, 

Tacoma, Wash 

Tallahassee, Fla 

Tampa, Fla ' 

Taunton, Mass 

Texarkana, Ark : 

Toledo, O 

Topeka, Kan 57, 

Trenton. N. J 233, 326, 

Trinidad, Col 

. 27 




Walla Walla, Wash 325, 

Washington, D. C 126, 

Washington, Pa 232, 

Waterbury, Conn 715, 779, 

Waterloo, la 

Waukeshaw, Wis 

Wichita, Kan 

Wilkes-Barre, Pa 

Williamsport, Md 

Wilmington, Del 296. 384, 

Yonkers, N. Y 262, 

York, Pa 27. 125, 

Youngstown, 262. 3S4, 


Akron, 748 

Albany, N. Y 233, 297. 488 

Atlanta, Ga 28, 89 

Attalla, Ala 583 

Austin, Tex 28, 419 

Baltimore, Md s. 671 

Bay City, Mich 234, 861 

Bay City, Tex • l 6 

Binghamton, N. Y 419. 450, 816 

Birmingham, Ala 

Boise, Ida •" 

Lackawanna, X. Y 551 

Lockport, N. Y 450 

Long Beach, Cal 386 

Louisville, Kv 90, 168, 233, 450 

Lynn, Mass 128, 386 

M.Keesport, Pa 716 

Macon, Ga 639 

Madison, lnd 263 

.Manitowoc. Wis 551 

-Marble Cliff, 672 

Marysville. Cal 488 

Mason City, la 891 

Melrose, Minn 551 

Millville, N. J 639 

Milwaukee, Wis 128, 233 

Minneapolis, Minn 780 

Montclair, N. J 861 

Mount Holly. N. J 128 

Mt. Jackson, Ya 57 

Mount Pleasant, Utah 488 

Newark, N. J 28, 297, 419, 451 

New Bedford. Mass 233 

Xew Britain, Conn 639 

Xew Haven, Conn 891 

New York, N. Y 263, 297, -.88 

Ocean City, N. J 419 

Oil City, La 639, 716 

Oklahoma City, Okla 488 








more, Md 

Bangor, M< 

Barberton, O 

i !lty, Mich 

Beilaire, O 



Binghamton. X Y 

Held, W. Va 

Bridgi nn 

Bristol, i'onn 

Bristol, Ya 

Brookline, Mass 

Buffalo, N. Y 

Butler, Pa 420 

Canastota. N. Y 

sbad, X. M 8i». 

Chicago, 111 

Cincinnati, 2'j, 38>: 

Cleveland, <» 58, 169 

Cohoes, X. Y 551, 64", 892 

Columbia, S. C 711 

Columbus, 640 

Colusa, Cal 28 

' lonnersville, lnd "'8 

Council Bluffs, la 

Covington, Ky 

Cranford. X. J 

Crookston, Minn 

Cuero, Tex 234 

Davenport, la 

Dayton, 717, 781, 861 

1 >aytona, Fla 42u 

Defiance, O 

Delaware, O 

1 >enison, Tex 2"l 

Des Moines, la 

Devils Lake, X. D 

Dodge City, Kan 

Duluth, Minn 490 

East Hartford, Conn 

Edinburg, lnd 

Elizabeth. N. J 58, 584 

Elkhart. lnd 1"'0 

El Paso, Tex -490 

Erie, Pa 

Escanaba. Mich 91, 1 70, 297 

Eugene, Ore 59, 420 

Evansville, lnd '48 

Farmville, Ya 128 


Fitchburg, Mass 
Ft. Dodge, la 

Fort Worth, Tex 129. 170, 584. 717. 892 

Franklin, Pa 

Frederick, Md 

Freewater, Ore 


Gadsden. Ala 128, 926 

Gloucester City. X. .J 489 

Gunnison, Utah ool 

Helena, Mont 170,489, 

Hibbing, Minn 

Huntsville. Ala 

Hutchinson, Kan l < ■ 

Hyde lark. Mass 


Pasadena, Cal 168, 

Paterson, N.J 

Pelham. N. Y 

Penn Yan, N. Y" 

Pensacola, Fla 

Perth Amboy, X. J 

Philadelphia, Pa 57. 521, 

Plainfield. N. J 583, 

I 'ortland, lnd 

Portland, Ore 671, 

Portsmouth, Ya 

Providence, R. I 

Kacine, Wis 

Richmond, Ya 

Rochester, N. Y' 

Jacksonville, Fla 489 

St. Louis. Mo 

St. Paul, Minn 128, 234, 

Sacramento. Cal 

Salt Lake City, Utah 

Schenectady, X. Y 

Seattle, Wash • 

South, Bend, lnd 488, 551, 1 48, 

Spokane, Wash 419.816, 

Syracuse. X. Y 38, 639, 

Tampa, Fla 

Toledo. O 

Tonawanda, x. Y 

Topeka, Kan 

Trenton, X. J 

Vincennes, lnd 

Walla Walla, Wash. 
Washington, D. C. . 
Washington, Pa. . . 
White Plains, X. Y . 
Wilkes-Barre. Pa. . 
Wilmington, Del. . . 
Woonsocket, R. I... 

Yonkers, N. Y 

Youngstown, O. . . 




Kearney. Neb 

Kenosha, Wis 

Kingman, Kan ■ 

Knoxville, Tenn Il«. 

La Crosse. Wis 

Lansing, Mich 

Lawton. < >k'.a 

Lebanon. Pa 

Lestershire. X. Y 

l.ewiston, Mont •••• 

Lima. O 38 6. 

Lockport, X. Y 298. 

Long Beach. Cal 263, 

Los Angeli - Cal 169, 4r>i. 

LsvHle, Ky 169. 2f<2, 421, 

McAlester, Okla 

Mattoon, ill 

Merrimac, Mass 

Milwaukee, wis 

Minneapolis, Minn 58, 263. 717, 

Mishawaka, lnd 

Moline. Ill 

Montgomery, Ala 640, 

Montpelier, lnd 

Moorhead, Minn 9 

Moorhead, X. D 

Muskegon. Mich 

Muskogee, okla 

-■/.. Mis-; 

Naugatuck, Conn 

Newark, X. .1 129 

Xew Britain, Conn 

New Castle, lnd 

. X. Y 

ira Falls, X. Y 169, 298, 420, 

9, O 

oik, Ya 












North Tonawanda, \. v 78] 

Northampton, Mass 562 

Norwich, Conn 522 

< lakland, i !al t89 81 i 

! >gden, Utah 130, 583, 640, 862 

Ogdensburg, N. v 22 

t iklahoma City, t ikla 263, 672 

• inaga, Kan, 298 

Oradell. N. J 816 

Orangeburg, S. C 55] 

( "ttawa, ( >nt 816 

Pasco, Wash 925 

Paterson, x. J 7 is 

Petersburg, Va r,s 

Philadelphia, Pa 58, L29, 862 

Phoenix, Ariz :„si 

Pittsburg, Pa 170, 925 

Plalnfleld, X. .1 L29, 170 

Portchester, x. y 29 

Portland, Me 201,925 

Portland, Ore 781 

Portsmouth, Va 781 

Poughkeepsie, N. Y 90 

Providence, Et. 1 234, 522 

Racine, Wis 201, 640 

Rensselaer, N. Y 925 

Rochester, N. Y 926 

Roseau, Minn 

Rutland, Yt 29 

St. Paul, Minn 59, 297, 925 

Saginaw, Mich 420 

Salem, ore 781 

Salt Lake City, Utah 421 

San Antonio, Tex 420 

San Francisco, Cal 234 

Schenectady, X. Y 421 

Schuylkill Haven, Pa 169 

Seneca Falls, N. Y 169 

Sheboygan. Wis 59 

Sherman, Tex 489 

Shreveport, La 169 

South Bend. Ind 202, 717 

South Omaha. Neb 129 

Spokane, Wash 29, 640, 672, 817, 926 

Springfield, 129 

Stamford, Tex 298 

Superior, Wis 451 

Tacoma, Wash 552, 672, 926 

Talladego, Ala 862 

Temple, Tex 90, 202 

Toledo, 386, 584, 862 

Tonawanda, N. Y 489 

Trenton, N. J 298 

Tyrone, Pa 386 

Washington, D. C 861 

Waterbury. Conn 29, 892 

Waterloo, la 640 

Watervliet, N. Y 58 

Woodward, Okla 29 

Yonkers, N. Y 263, 298 

Youngstown, 451 


Alliance, Neb 452 

Altoona, Pa 673 

Atlanta, Ga 59 

Aurora, Minn 91 

Baltimore, Md 29, 130, 170, 584, 862, 926 

Beloit, Kan 490 

Birmingham, Ala 7 19 

Bridgeton, N. J 30 

Brooklyn, N. Y 29 

Burlington, N. J 264 

Burlington, Vt 263 

Centerville, la 171 

Chase City, Va 7 49 

Chicago, 111 522, 749 

Chisholm, Minn 817 

Cincinnati, 29, 202, 522 

Clay Center, Kan 387 

Cleveland, 60, 452, 584 

Columbus, 170, 387, 552, 862, 893 

Council Bluffs, la S17 

Crowley, La 817 

Cumberland, Md 552 

Dallas, Tex. , 299 

Dayton, 299 

Defiance, 59 

Des Moines, la 59 

Elsmere. Del '. si7 

Erie, Pa 926 

Eugene, Ore 235, 4 21 

Fort Wayne, Ind 491 

Frederick, Md 170 

Galesburg, 111 1 30 

Hamilton, 893 

Hastings, Neb 67:'. 

Hingham, Mass :;x7 

Hoboken, N. J 421,926 

llion, N. Y 421 

Independence, Kan 490 

Indianapolis, Ind 552 

Tola, Kan 60 

Jackson, Tenn 718 

Jacksonville, Fla 552 

Lansing, Mich :{S7, 584,926 

i ,eavenworth, Kan 264 

i ■'"ii. < !al ' 452 

I. os Angeles, Cal 235, 121, 522. 749, 892 

Madison. Wis 892 

Marion, Ind •«) 80 yi 

.Marked Tree, Ark ' . . '171 

Minneapolis, Minn 91 299 

Mishawaka, ind 452 

Morganto-vt n, w. Va 129 

Nelsonville, 171 

New Britain, Conn 718 

New Castle, Del ' " 862 

New York, N. Y '"235 

Niagara Falls, N. y 337 

Niagara Falls, Ont ' 490 

North Yakima, Wash .'.".'.' 893 

Norwood, Mass 490 

Olyphant, Pa 421 

Orange, N. J \[' m ] 299 

Palo Alto, Cal 782 

Pasadena. Cal 202, 264, 121, 584, Ml. 749 

Passaic, N. J ] 29 

Pembina, N. Y .!!!!!!! 130 

Petersburg, Va !..!".!! 235 

Philadelphia, Pa 30 299 

Plainville, Conn ' 171 

Pocatello. Ida ' 264 

Porterville, Cal 893 

Portland, Ind . , 893 

Portland, Me !!!!!!! 522 

I tacine, Wis 202 

Richmond, Ind '20V 782 

Richmond, Va ' 641 

Rochester, N. H '..".' 299 

St. Maries. Ida 59 

St. Paul. Minn 60 

St. Thomas, Ont : .'. 490 

Saginaw, Mich 552 

Santa Ana, Cal 490 

Santiago, Chile 91 

Schenectady, N. Y 171 641 

Scranton, Pa ' 171 

Sharon, Pa 552 

Sharpsburg, Pa 452 

Shreveport, La 718 

Spokane, Wash 91, 522 

Springfield, Mass 130 

Strawberry Point, la 30 

Tacoma, Wash 30, 171, 673, 782 

Toledo, 91, 452, 673 

Trenton, N. J 235, 452 

Trenton, Tenn 171 

Walla Walla, Wash 299 

Washington, D. C 299, 584, 817 

Waterbury, Conn 235 

Weaverville, Cal 299 

Wilmington, Del 817 

Woonsocket, R. 1 892 


Albany, N. Y 674 

Allentown, Pa 927 

Alliance, 92 

Anderson, S. C 523 

Ardmore, Okla 641 

Ashley, Pa 264 

Atlanta, Ga. , 235 

Atlantic Highlands, N. J 818 

Augusta, Ga 60, 300 

Baltimore, Md 300 

Baton Rouge, La 60 

Birmingham, Ala 718, 863 

Bloomington, Ind.- 523 

Boston, Mass 131, 300 

Branchville, N. J 387 

Bridgeport, Conn 235, 641 

Brooklyn, N. Y 264 

Buffalo, N. Y 585 

Butte, Mont 718 

Chatham, Va 749 

Chicago, 111 30, 300, 749 

Chico, Cal 300 

Cincinnati, 491 

Cohoes, N. Y 171 

Columbus, 171 

Dallas, Tex 92 

Dallastown, Ta 863 

Duluth, Minn 673 

East Bridgeport, Conn 131 

Elizabeth. N. J 30, 749 

Elkhart, Ind 60,172 

El Pa^o, Tex 131 

Fort Worth, Tex 31, 203, 300 

Grand Rapids, Mich 31, 422 

Granville, N. Y 60 

Great Falls, Mont 585 

Green Bay, Wis 92 

Halifax, Can 264 

Hamilton, 523 

Hanford, Cal 553 

Harrisburg, Pa 265 

Hartford. Conn 553 

Haverhill, Mass 641 

Huntington, Ind 92 

Indianapolis, Ind 92 131 

Ivry, France 

Jai ksonville, Fla 

Jamestown, x. v ., 172 

Janesville, Wis .VsV 452 

Jersey City, x. .j 387, 641 

1 Lansing, Mich 523, 585 

Lawrence, Mass 893 

Lebanon, Pa 491 

Lestershire. x. v 92 

Long 1 (each, Cal 927 

Long Branch, N. ,J 30, 553 

Los Angeles, Cal 131, 782 

Louisville, Kj 387 

Lowellville, o 927 

Lynn, Mass '. 235 

Macon, Ga 422, 718, 927 

Manchester, N. H 674 

1 Mich J,3l f 491 

Middletown, Conn 585 

Milwaukee, Wis 00, 17^ 

Minneapolis, Minn 60, 93, 387 

Mishawaka, Mich 818 

Nashville, Tenn 204 

Navarre, 60 

Newark, N. J 31, 204 

Xew York, N. Y 30, 31, 60. 61, 93, 130, 

265, 301, 422, 553, 782 

Oakland, Cal 93, 641, 749 

Old Fort, 31 

Passaic, N. J 585 

Paterson, N. J 388, 422, 782. 863 

Perth Amboy, N. J '. . . . 203 

Philadelphia, Pa 130,265 

Pittsburg, Pa 93 

Placerville, Cal 641 

Port Tampa, Fla 388 

Portland, Ore 300, 673 

Portsmouth, Va 131, 388, 674 

Racine, Wis , 172. 585 

Richmond, Ind 585 

Rochester, N. Y 61, 673, 718 

Rome, " N. Y 93 

St. Petersburg, Russia 265 

San Francisco, Cal 927 

Schenectady, N. Y 61, 863 

Selma, Ala 93 

South Bristol, Me 204 

Spokane, Wash 172, 641 

Springfield, Mass 130, 204, 718 

Stratford, Conn 673 

Superior, Wis 749 

Syracuse, N. Y 203, 818 

Toledo, 452, 718 

Topeka, Kan 13«, 523 

Tower, Minn 131 

Troy, N. Y 236 

Tuckahoe, N. Y 300 

Two Harbors, Minn 388 

Walla Walla, Wash 388 

Washington, D. C 203, 782 

Welch, W. Va 131 

Westfield, Mass 172 

Wheeling, W. Va 93, 131 

Wilkes-Barre, Pa 204, 718 

Wilmington, Del 171, 236, 863- 

Yonkers, N. Y 236, 491 


Alexandria, Ind 585 

Allentown, Pa 300 

Anderson, Ind 203 

Baltimore, Md 300 

La v City, Mich 641 

Berkeley, Cal 60 

Birmingham, Ala 30 

Buffalo, N. Y 553, 893 

Carbondale, Pa 491 

Centralia, Wash 203 

Charleston, S. C 641 

Chattanooga, Tenn 60 

Chicago, 111 171 

Chiekasha, Okla 300 

Cincinnati, 422, 491, 782 

Columbus, 30 

Dayton, 523 

Detroit, Mich 782 

Fort Wayne, Ind 491 

Galveston, Tex 92 

Glen Ridge, N. J. 203 

Houston, Tex 523, 718 

Huntington, W. Va 749 

Hutchinson, Kan 301, 673 

Iola, Kan 203, 264 

Jersey City, N. J 452 

Lexington, Ky 422 

London, England 93 

Los Angeles, Cal 172, 203 

Louisville, Ky 93, 674 

Lynn, Mass 893 


Milwaukee, Wis 927 

Mishawaka, Ind 171 

Moline, 111 13] 

New York, N. Y 30, 93, 131, 172, 265, 927 

Paterson. N. J 265 

X. Y 673 

Providence, R, 1 265, 388 

Reading, Pa 265 

Rochester. N. V 387 

Russellville, Ala 203 

Salt Lake City, Utah 422 

Seal tie, Wash 553 

Spokane, Wash 204, 073 

Springfield. Mass 204 

riot', Wis 422 

Toledo, 452, 7sl- 

Wakefield. Vt 553 

saw, In«l 452 

Woonsocket, R. 1 749 


rdeen, S. D 453 

Adrian, Mich 94 

Albany. X. Y 236, 266 

Allentown, Pa. ...: 301 

Appleton, Wis 265 

Atlanta. Ga 894 

Austin. Tex 423 

Baltimore., Md 554, 86?, 

Bayonne. X. J 89 4 

Belton. Tex 31 

Berkeley. Cal 123 

Bessemer. Ala 491 

Binghamton, X. Y 554 

Birmingham. Ala 642, 783 

Boston, Mass 301. 388 

Bronx ville. X. Y 554 

Burlington, X J 94, 266 

Burlington, Vt 927 

Carbondale. 111 94 

Chattanooga, Tenn 237 

Chicago, in 94, 453, 750 

Chickasha, Okla 31 

Cincinnati. O. 237 

Cleveland. 237 

Columbia, S. C 172 

Colu ml ms. 388 

Concord. N. H 31 

Corning, X. Y 1 73 

Council Grove, Kan 265 

Decatur. HI 172 

Denison, Tex 31, 523 

Denver, Col 554 

Des Moines. la 894 

Detroit. Mich 61 

Dixon. Ill 172 

Duluth, Minn 491 

Elgin, 111 172 

Erie. Pa 453 

Eugene, Ore 265. 554 

Everett. Wash 423 

Faribault, Minn 265, 585 

Farmington, Me 204 

Fort Worth, Tex 750 

Freeport, 111 453, 642 

Galesburg, 111 265 

Grand Rapids, Mich 236 

Greensboro, S. C 265 

Guthrie, Okla 204, 237 

Hammond, Ind 94 

Harlington. Tex 750 

Harrisburg, Pa 132. 453, 042, 750, 863 

Huboken, X. J 423 

Houston, Tex 642 

Huron, S. D 423 

Indianapolis, Ind 61, 132, 423 

Jackson, Mich 265 

Jacksonville. Ill 237 

Jamestown X. Y 31 

Kalamazoo, Mich 818 

Kermit. W. Ya 94 

Kewanee, 111 204 

Kingsville, Tex 863 

Lansing. Micii 173 

Lebanon, Pa 523 

Lexington. Ky 750 

Lockport, X. Y 674 

Los Angeles, Cal 31 

Louisville, Ky 31 

Lynn, Mass 173 

Marshalltown, la 585 

Mi:ton, Del 132 

Milwaukee, Wis 236. 266. 1&3 

Missoula. Mont 863 

Mobile, Ala 863 

Moline, 111 94 

Monmouth. Ill 204 

Monroe, La 173 

Montclair. X. J 94 

Montgomery, Ala 585 

Muskogee. Okla 94 

Nashville, Tenn 265 Mason City la 389 

NewDurg, X. Y .Milwaukee, Wis 32, 133, 586 

Xew York, x. Y 61, 62, 94, 17:', 301, 585 Montclair, N. J 719 

Norfolk, Neb 585 Montgomerj , Ala i« 

Norwich, Conn 863 ' 

Xcwai k, X. .1 55 t 

Oakland, Cal 750, 783 Xew Britain, Conn 818 

Oklahoma City, Okla 94, 236, 301, Newburgh, X V 674 

153, . Xew York, X. V 62j 266, 

■ns. Mass M8 Xiagara Fails, N. Y 

Ottawa, 111 172 Xorfolk, Va 4:<2 

Paola, Kan 

Parkersburg, w. Va. 

I asadena, Cal 

Pekin, in 

Peoria, 111 

Philadelphia, Pa. . . . 

1 'ittsburg, Pa 

Pontiac, Mich 

Portland, Ore 

I 'rovideni :e, R. I. . . 

Quincy, 1:1. 







Racine, Wis 423 

Raleigh, X. C 

Rehoi oth, 1 '.1 132 

Richmond, Va 388 

Rockford, 111 94 

Rock Island, iil 94 

St Louis, Mo 236, 265, 453, 750 

St. Paul, Minn 491, 554 

Schenectady, X. Y 719 

Si. anion, I'a 928 

Seattle, Wash 173. 237 

South Bend, Ind 453 

Spokane, Wash 61, 133. 173, 

12:;. 153. 75". : 

Springfield, III 61, 94, 554 

Springfield, Mass '•'! 

Staunton, Ya 928 

Springfield, O 

Sterling. Ill 204 

Tacoma, Wash 173, 750, 818, 894, 927 

Tarrytown, N. Y 523 

Taylor, Tex -> s > 

Texarkana, Tex 94 

Toledo, O l - 

Topeka, Kan 132, 204 

Traverse City, Mich 585 

Trenton, N. J 173, 928 

Walla Walla, Wash 928 

Wilmington, Pel 191, 554 

Wilmington. N. C 453 

Winnipeg, Man 153 

Winston-Salem. N. C 585 

Woonsocket, R. 1 642 

Wyandotte, Midi 153 

York, Pa 388 

Youngstown, 132, 6,4 


Akron, O : '- v 

Albany, X. Y 237, 751 

Altoona, Pa 302, 783, 864 

Atlanta, Ga 389, 586, 674, 719 

Atlantic City, X. J '19 

Baltimore. Md 62, 133 

Beaver Falls, Pa '83 

Beverly, Mass "IS 

Bridgeport, Conn 204, 38'.'. 524, 586, 642 

Buffalo, N. Y 1^3 

Butte, Mont 864 









Chester, Pa 

< Ihicago, 111 

Cincinnati, 62, 389, 

Cleveland, t ) 

( 'linton. la 

Columbus, 389, 

Corning, X. Y 

Dallas, Tex 

1 layton, < > 

Int. nth, Minn 192, 751, 818, 

Elizabeth. X. J 

Erie, la 

Everett, Wash 

Ft. Wayne, Ind. 
Fulton, X. Y. 

Greenfield, Ind 864 

: [agerstown, Md 

I larrisburg, Pa 

Huntington, Ind 

Indianapolis, Ind 719, 

Jacksonville, Fla 

Knoxville, Tenn ,; 1 -'. 

Lansing, M ich 

Leavenworth, Kan 

Lexington, Ky 

Lodi, Cal 

Long Branch, N. J 

Los Angeles, Cal 

Macon, Ga 

Manchester, X. H 

Manila, P. I 

5. -.4 

T ■' 










Paterson, X. .1 451 

Peoria, 111 

Pittsburg, Pa 

Portland, Ore 133, 492 

Portsmouth, Va 

Poughkeepsle, X. Y 524 

Puyallup, Wash 454 

Racine, Wis 266 

Rochester, X. Y i86 

Rome, Ga 302 

St. Louis, Mo 389 

St. Paul. Minn 32 

Sacramento, Cal ^24 

Salem, Mass 423, 555 

Salt Lake City, Utah 173 

San Antonio, Tex 3u2 

Saratoga Springs, X. Y 719 

Schenectady, X. Y 2o4, 524 

South Bend, Ind 302 

Spokane, Wash 524. 554 

Syracuse, X. Y 173, 266, 554 

Tampa, Fla 586 

Texarkana, Tex 192 

Toledo, O :..52t. 55). 818. 894, 928 

Trenton, N. J 554, 67; 

Utica, N. Y 586 

Washington, D. C 133, 719 

Waterbury, Conn 524, 555 

Watervliet, N. Y" 783 

Wenatchee, Wash 492 

West Orange, N. J 95 

Wilkes-Barre, Pa 423. 554 

Williamsport, Pa 864 

Wilmington, Del 642 

Winnipeg, Man 389 

Woonsocket, R. I ^^4 


Boston, Mass 424, 784, 929 

Bradford, England 424 

Brownsville. Tex 643 

Puenos Ayres, Argentine 174 

Burlington, N. C 784 

Caldwell, Ida 675 

Carlisle, Pa 675 

Cedar Rapids, la 205 

Charlotte, X. C 174, 819 

Chattanooga, Tenn 720,929 

Chester, Mass 266 

>ter, Pa 55, 587 

< 'hesterton, Ind 555 

Chicago, 111 238, 555, 751, 784 

Cleveland, 62, 819 

Columbus, 390 

Dallas. Tex 424 

1 Unison. Tex 894 

Des Moines. la 174, 266 

Detroit, Mich 174. 864 

I lover, Del 454 

Elizabeth, X. J 

Emporia, Kan 587 

Pott Worth. Tex 32,58. 

Gary, Ind 751 

Hagerstown, Md 133 

Harrisburg. I'a 302, 424 

Houston, Tex 587 

Indianapolis, Ind 95, 675, 784 








.lanesville, A\ is. . . 
Jersey City, X. J. 

Los Angeles, Cal. 
Louisville, Ky. . 



Manchester. England 
Michigan City. Ind. . 

Milwaukee, Wis 

Moss Point. Miss. . . . 
Mount Vernon, X. Y. 

Xewark, N. J 

Xew Bedford, Mass 

Newport Xews. Ya 

Xew York, N. Y...32. 62. 95, 131, 174, 205, 
North Yakima, Wash 

Pasadena, Cal 

Petersburg, Va 

l 'hiladelphia. Pa 

1 1 1 tsburg, Pa 

1 'ortland. Ore 

Providence, R. I 




Quincy, 111 643 


St. Paul, Mum g 

Sacramento, Cal 

Sail Lake City. Utah 587, tsi! 864 

San \ntonio. Te\ 537 

San Francisco. Cal 555 643, 8*4 

San Mateo, Cal s:i 1 

Santa Maria, Tex 751 

Santa M01 ..'.'..' .' .' .' .' 492 

Scranton, Pa 587 

Seattle, Wash 454,525 

Shreveport. La 720 

Smith Bend, Ind 133, '424, 525 

Spokane. Wash 587 819 

Syracuse, N. Y 587! 819 

Texarkana, Ark 455 

Toledo. 205 

Topeka, Kan 555, 864 

Toronto. Ont 302 

Trenton, N. J 95, 390 

Utica, X. Y 492 

Yinoennes. Ind 751 

Washington, D. C 454, 525 

Wilmington, Del 492 


Akron. 303 

Albany, N. Y 865 

Ardmore, Okla 95 

Ashevllle, X. C 753 

Attleboro, Mass . . , 425 

Baltimore. Md 238 

Bangor, Me 675 

Beaumont, Tex 175 

Bellefontaine. 303 

Billings, Mont 493 

Birmingham, Ala 238, 753, 785 

Boone. la 63 

Boston, Mass 32, 206, 267, 456* 

_ 720, 753, 865, 866 

Brockton, Mass 675 752 

Brooklyn, N. Y ' 175 

Burlington, Vt ...'. 555 

Calgary, Alberta 526 

Centralia, Wash 391 

Chattanooga, Tenn 175 753 

Chicago, 111 134, 206, 865 

Chico, Cal 555 

Cincinnati, 33, 238, 424, 425, 555. 865 

Cleveland, 175 75% 

Cohoes, N. Y ' 493 

Columbia, S. C " 526 

Columbus. 95, 239, 456. 753, 784, 866 

Connersville. Ind , . 753 

Corpus Christi, Tex ' 494 

Covington, Ky ' 425 

Crawfordsville, Ind 752 

Crowley, La ' 866 

Cumberland, Md .' . 455 

Dallas, Tex 675, 895 

Dayton, 784 

Denver, Col 267, 526, 752 

Des Moines. Ta 303, 493 

Detroit, Mich 63| 425 

East Orange. N. J 175 

El Paso, Tex 456 

Erie, Pa g!9 

Evansville, Ind .175, 456 

Port Scott. Kan 425 

Fort Worth, Tex 175 424 

Fresno, Cal 391 

Garwood, N. .1 525 

Gloucester, Mass 675 

Grand Forks, N D 555' 752 

Grand Rapids. Mich 63] 493 

PTackensack, X. J 390 

Hagerstown, Md ' 391 

Hamilton. O ..'. 33 

Harrisburg, Pa !!".!! 785 

Harrisor>bu»-sr. Va . p/5 

Hartford. Conn '. \' m 391 

Haverhill, Mass 643 

Independence. Kan 819 

Indianapolis, Ind 32, 134, 175, 267. 

303, 676, 785, 895 

Jacksonville. Fla 525 

Jersey City, N. J .....!!! 206 

Joliet, 111 455 

Kansas City, Kan .819, 866 

Kansas City. Mo 455, 494 

Kenosha, Wis '....' 676 

Knoxville, Tenn ! . ! ! 455 

Lansing. Mich 267 

Lawrence, Kan 555 

Leavenworth, Kan 785 

London, England .' 206 

Los Angeles. Cal 33 391. 4°1 

456, 675, 676, 753 

Louisville, Ky 494 

Lynn, Mass 238, 267. 303 

Macon, Ga 390 

Massillon, O , .. 63 

Memphis. Tenn .95, 456 

Michigan City, Ind .' 455 

Middletown, <'onn 33 

Milwaukee. Wis 32, 95, 131, 238, 

239, (66, 675, 676, 7.",:: 

Minneapolis, Minn 33, 174, 303, 456 

.Mod.sto. Cal 63 

.Monroe, Mich 391 

Montgomery, Ala 267 

Morrlstown, X. J t;c: 

Muncle, Ind 643 

Muskogee, Okla 63 

Nashville, Tenn 494, 676 

Natchez, Miss 643 

New 11k, N. .1 895 

New Bedford, Mass 676 

New Britain, Conn 134 

New Orleans, La . 720 

Xew York, N. Y.62, 206, 267, 303, 391, 784, 929 

Xiles, 555 

Norfolk, Va 303, 456, 493, 753 

North wildwood, X. J 134 

Ogden, Utah 494, 720 

Oklahoma City, Okla 206 

Omaha, Xeb 493 

Orange, X. J 175', 493 

Ottawa, Can 895 

Pasadena, Cal 391,785 

Paterson, N. J 239 

Perth Amboy, X. J 267, 785 

Petoskey, Mich . 63 

Philadelphia, Pa 33, 425, 752, 819, 866, 929 

Pittsburg, Pa 174, 391 

Port Arthur, Tex 526 

Portland, Ind 95 

Portland, Ore 493, 676 

Portsmouth, Va 493 

Poughkeepsie, X. Y 494 

Providence, R. 1 455, 643, 676, 753. 895 

Racine, Wis 424 

Richmond, Ind 526 

Richmond, Va 238. 326, 643, 866 

Rochester, X. Y 390, 784, 866 

Rogers, Ark 676 

St. Augustine. Fla 239, 752 

St. Louis, Mo 456 

St. Paul, Minn 494, 526, 555, 785 

Sacramento, Cal 267 

Salt Lake City, Utah 175. 425 

San Antonio, Tex 676 

San Francisco, Cal 95, 753 

Schenectady, X. Y 865 

Scranton, Pa 32 

Seatt!e. Wash 303 

South Bend, Ind.. 62, 390, 425, 676 

Sparta, Ga 753 

Spokane, Wash 175, 239, 455, 494, 

526, 720, 752, 866, 895 

Springfield, Mass 526 

Syracuse, X. Y 493, 720 

Tacoma, Wash 239,390,456, 

493, 494, 865, 866 

Tampa, Fla 555, 785 

Tarry town, X. Y 720 

Taunton, Mass 865 

Thief River Falls, Minn 63 

Toledo, 95, 206, 238, 303, 391, 425, 785 

Topeka, Kan 63, 206, 455, 720 

Trenton, X. J 63. 424, 676 

Victoria, Tex 752 

v incennes, Ind 555 

Walla Walla, Wash 643 

Washington, D. C 63, 526, 675 

Wellsville, X. Y 525 

Wilkes-Barre, Pa 239 

Wilmington, Del 175, 239, 643, 752 

Woodlawn, Pa 390 

Woonsocket, R. 1 390 

Worcester, Mass. 785 

Youngstown, 175, 391, 929 


Abandonment — Acquisition of Highway.. 896 

— Railway Crossing — Streets 269 

Abatement — Sewers — Assessments 644 

Access to Street, Interference with 721 

Accident, Street — Proximate Cause 755 

to Engineer — Xegligence 333 

Accidents, Street — Xotice — Statutes 755 

Advertising. City — Incidental Expenses . . 527 

Animals, Stray — Impounding 556 

Annexation — Propriety 644 

Appeal — Ordinances — Prosecution 588 

Appointment of Police Officials 556 

Appointments — Civil Service 755 

Architects' Contract for City Building... 677 

Assessment — Due Process of Law 495 

of Benefits — Revision 207 

.Paving — Bill to Enforce 176 

, Paving— City Park 392 

.Paving — Corner Lots 495 

, 1 'aving — Review 392 

— Review — Appeal 556 

— Right to Injunction 34 

.Special — Installment 721 

.Special — Reve'rsement 755 

— Taxation — Change by City Council 135 

Assessments — Abatement — Sewers 644 

— Corner Lots 333 

— Manner of Review 644 

.Reducing — Public Improvements ... 645 

— Relevy — Laches 786 

.Right of Appeal from — Statutes 426 

.Sewer, Ordinances 930 

Assessments Street Vction to Jnvali- 

date 677 

— Sufficiency of Ordinance 755 

— Validity- Acquisition of Lands for 

St reels 269 

Attorneys Compensation 392 

Attorney's Pees, City 176 

Automobile Races— Accident Liability- 
Use of Streets 393 

Bank Shares, Tine Value of — Taxation.. 556 

Beach Front. Control of— Cities on Ocean 135 

Benefits < lhange of Grade of street 457 

Bond, Action on Suretj Extra Work... 96 

.Contractor's .Material Man 64 

(Contractor's Materials 64 

Election, Water— Illegality 588 

Bonds. Contractors' Liability of Sureties 457 

for Manual Training School 96 

— Injunction — Public Improvements.. 867 

Municipal Purposes 588 

— Selection of Paving Material 457 

■ — Sufficiency 

.Water — Ultra Vires — Defences 820 

Boundaries— Extension — Procedure 867 

—Streets— Alleys 96 

Building, Moving — Reasonable Use of 

Street 644 

Ordinance — Reasonableness 755 

Car Service, Regulating — Police Power.. 268 
Cellarways — Personal Injuries — Obstruc- 
tions 930 

Charcoal Kiln — Abatement — Nuisance ... 721 
Charitable Societies— Licenses — Exemp- 
tions 393 

Charter Construction — Initiative and 

Referendum 786 

.Construction of — Initiative and Ref- 
erendum 457 

Cigarette Smoking, Ordinance Prohibit- 
ing — Reasonableness 333 

Civil Service — Appointments 755 

Service Examinations — Veterans .... 495 
Comfort Station — Injury to Person L'sing 34 
Commission Government — Statutory Pro- 
visions 527 

Commissioner, Street — Term of Office . . 392 
Pommissioners, Park — Corporate Author- 
ity 135 

.Park — Power to Make Improvements 527 

Compensation — Attorneys 393 

— Public Officers 527 

, Rights of City to 97 

— Suspension of Employee 392 

Condemnation, Land — Compensation 496 

.Land — Public Parks 645 

of Land— Died 135 

Contempt of Federal Supreme Court 645 

Contract, Breach of — Street Railway 

Franchise 97 

Construction of — Pavement Mainten- 
ance 495, 496 

for City Building, Architects' 677 

for Public Work — Substantial Per- 
formance 645 

for Purchase of Voting Machines.... 930 

for Water Supply — Performance 208 

for Water — Violation — Burden of 

Proof 96 

,Xon-Compliance with — Remedy by 

Injunction — Dumping Ground 207 

.Paving — Performance 269 

.Paving — Rock Excavation — Extra 

Work 240 

Sewer — Construction 207 

, Sewer — Substantial Performance ... 645 
.Water Company's — Changing Rates. 867 

.Water Supply — Cancellation 176 

.Water Works— Validity 240 

Contractor, Injuries to Servants of Inde- 
pendent 393 

— Liability for Xegligence 208 

Contractor's Bond — Material Man 64 

Bond — Materials 64 

Contractors' Bonds — Liability of Sureties 457 
Contractor. Independent — Acts of City 

Engineer 820 

Contracts — Approval of City Engineer . . 305 
for Public Work — Quantum Meruit . . 644 

—Forfeit of Deposit 304 

—Fraud— Interest of Officer 393 

.Municipal- — Labor Laws 867 

— Performance — Extras 721 

— Power of Council 786 

— Power of Particular Officer 176 

— Statutory Provisions — Surety 34 

-Use of Public Money 392 

Control, Legislative — Municipal Property 392 

Corporation Defined, Municipal 495 

Counsel, Employment of Special 755 

Crossing, Defective — Negligence 457 

Damage to Property — Limitation 34 

Damages— Change of Grade 896, 930 

—Change of Grade of Street 896 

— Changing Grade of Street 208 

.Claim for — Change of Grade 268 

— Highways — Construction 496 

.Landslide — Highway Construction. . . 527 
.Liability for — Change in Grade of 

Street T.'.f 

— Street Openings 176 

Dangerous Premises — Liability of Munic- 
ipality 135 

Trees — Question for Jury 392 

Dead Animals, Removal of 208 

Death, Action for — Excavation in Street 96 

Dedication, Extent of — streets 867 

of streets — Acceptance 930 

Deed -Condemnation of Land 135 


Defective Highways — Injuries 755 

Sidewalk — Contributory Negligence.. 393 

Sidewalk — Liability 588 

Sidewalk — Motive — Sufficiency 64 

Sidewalk — Negligence 527 

Sidewalk — New Trial — Diligence 527 

Sidewalk — Question for Jury 268 

Sidewalks— Gratings 93o 

Sidewalks— Ice 8% 

Sidewalks — Notice 556 

Defective Street — Injury — Notice 527 

Street — Injury — Sufficiency of Notice 867 

Street— Notice 269 

Street — Water Box 135 

Streets — Contributory Negligence 34, 426 
Streets — Evidence — Questions for 

Jury 268 

Streets— Ice 304 

Streets — Injuries to Children 527 

Streets — Instructions — Liability 207 

Streets — Loose Grating 64 

Streets — Negligence 268 

Streets — Sufficiency of Notice 333 

Streets — Warnings — Lights 304 

Defects in Alley — Liability 930 

,in Streets — Actions — Negligence 645 

in Streets — Contributory Negligence. 677 

in Streets — Evidence 240 

in Streets — Liability of Abutting 

Owner 426 

in Streets— Lighting 392 

Delays — Waiver — Street Improvement 64 

Department. Park — Governmental Func- 
tions 426 

Deposit, Forfeit of — Contracts 304 

Description — Sufficiency — Improvements. 527 

Detectives, Employment of Private 304 

Disfranchisement of Negroes — Municipal 

Elections 61 

Dismissed — Action for Salary — Patrolmen 645 
Districts — Paving — Public Improvements. 820 
Ditches, Irrigation — Regulation of Streets 426 
Drain Land, Right to — Consent of Prop- 
erty Owners 34 

Dumping Ground — Negligence — Liability. 645 
Ground — Non-Compliance with Con- 
tract — Remedy by Injunction 207 

Duties, Mandatory Ministerial 867 

Easements, Public — Highways — Right of 
Owner of Fees 786 

Election. Village — Insufficient Notice .... 393 

Elections, Municipal — Disfranchisement 
of Negroes 64 

Electrical Appliances, Regulating Instal- 
lation of 754 

Eminent Domain — Municipal Water 
Works 495 

Employees, Regulating Working Hours 
of Municipal 930 

Employment, Municipal — Cemetery Sex- 
ton 269 

Encroachments, Street — Awnings 820 

Engineer, Approval of City — Contracts. . . 305 

Evidence — Injury from Broken Electric 
Wire 240 

Excavation in Street — Action for Death.. 96 

in Street — Injurv — Negligence 426 

.Rock— Extra Work— Paving Contract 240 

Expenditures, Illegal — Recovery 896 

Extra Work — Action on Surety Bond.... 96 
Work — Paving Contract — Rock Ex- 
cavation 240 

Extras — Contracts — Performance 721 

■'ee. License — Opening Surface of Streets 867 

^ees, City Attorney's 176 

r ire Alarm Companv. Private — City 

Wires 867 

Chief. Illegal Removal of 392 

^iscal Management— Warrants — Action.. 721 

hooding Land — Measure of Damages.... 64 

franchise. Invalid 896 

No Authority to Grant Perpetual 

Utility 34 

of Water Company— Construction 754 

.Prior — Municipal Electric Plant 457 

.Regulating Exercise of Street Rail- 
way 820 

.Street Railway Breach of Contract.. 97 

.Telephone — Acceptance 721 

.Telephone — Illegal Grant 426 

r ranchises, Competing — Gas Companies. 135 

— Indeterminate Permit 588 

"unds. Special — Street Improvements.... 496 

ias Companies — Competing Franchises.. 135 
Rates. Regulation of 755 

Jrade. Change of — Claim for Damages.. 268 

.Change of— Damages 896, 930 

.Change of — Paving 64 

of Street, Change in — Liability for 

Damages 754 

of Street, Change of — Benefits 457 

of Street, Change of — Damages 896 

of Street, Change of — Liability 305 

of Street Changing — Damages 208 

of Street Changing— Liabilitv 896 

Jrading Street — Injury to Building 930 

Streets — Action on Bond 527 

Jrants — Lands Under Water 135 

lighway. Acquisition of — Abandonment. 896 

Construction — Landslide Damages 527 

.Laying Pipe in — Injunction 677 

.Rights in Use of — Street Railway 556 

Through Railway Embankment, 

Opening 208 

lighways — Construction — Damages 496 

— Cost of Construction 755 

Highways— Public Easements — Right of 

owner of Fees 786 

Hospitals — Nuisance 305 

Hotels, Licensing — Police Power 333 

Ice — Defective Sidewalk 896 

— Defective Streets 304 

Improvement, Public — Notice 333 

.Street — Taxes — Injunction 97 

Improvements, Local— Statute 135 

, Public— Proceedings 3u5 

.Public — Proceedings — Objections 64 

.Street — Special Funds 496 

Incorporating of Cities — Statutes 393 

Indebtedness, Computation of — Deduc- 
tions 96 

.Limits of — Determination 240 

Indemnity — Extension of Water Mains... 867 
Initiative and Referendum — Construction 

of Charter 457 

and Referendum — Charter Construc- 
tion 786 

and Referendum Provisions 207 

Injunction — Malicious Suing Out — Dam- 
ages 208 

— Public Improvements — Bonds 867 

— Public Water Supply — Private Con- 
sumers 495 

— Usua: and Ordinarv Business of 

City 135 

Injuries, Action for — Harmless Error.... 96 

Incident to Public Improvement 556 

— Negligence — Streets 268 

.Notice of — Not Unreasonable Re- 
quirement 34 

.Personal — Contributory Negligence.. 896 

.Personal — Notice 208 

.Personal — Obstructions — Cellarways. 930 

.Personal — Unguarded Trench 930 

to Servants of Independent Con- 
tractor 393 

Injury to Pedestrian — Negligence 333 

to Person Using — Comfort Station... 34 
Intersections, Liabilitv for — Street Pav- 
ing 240 

s, Police — Salaries — Statutory Pro- 
visions 896 

Judgment — Assessment 26S 

Labor, Hours of — City Employees 457 

Laws — Municipal Contracts 867 

Laches — Restraining Diversion of Water 721 

Lease, Void — City as Tenant at Will 754 

Legislation. Special — Free Schools 176 

Liability — Change of Grade of Street 305 

— Changing Grade of Street 896 

.City's — Sewers — Overflow 240 

— Dangerous Conditions in Parks.... 426 

— Defective Sidewalk 588 

— Defective Streets — Instructions. . 

—Defects in Alley 930 

— 1 tumping Ground — Negligence 645 

— Excavation in Street 208 

for Purity of Water Supply, City's.. 97 

— Injury from High Voltage Wire 304 

of Abutting Owner — Defects in 

Streets 426 

of City— Negligence of 896 

of Municipality — Dangerous Premises 135 

—Polluted Water Supply 240 

— Sewer Overflow 269 

License Tax — Recovery 677 

Licenses — Exemptions — Charitable Socie- 
ties 393 

Lien on Propertv — Sidewalk Improvement 176 

Lighting— Defects in Streets 392 

Plant, Construction and Maintenance 

of— Statutes 820 

Lights — Defective Streets — Warnings.... 304 
Limits, Extension of City — Reasonable- 
ness 556 

Materialism, Rights to — Public Improve- 
ments 34 

Milk Ordinance — Tuberculin Test 305 

Moving, House — Electric Wires — Ordin- 
ance 786 

Negligence — Accident to Engineer 333 

— Care of Streets 457 

— Construction of Improvements 495 

.Contributory — Defective Sidewalk ... 393 

.Contributory — Defective Streets.. 34, 426 

.Contributory — Defects in Streets 677 

.Contributory — Personal Injuries 896 

— Defective Crossing 457 

— Defective Streets 268 

— Defects in Streets — Actions 645 

.Definition of — Defective Streets 721 

— Excavation in Street — Injury 426 

— Injurv to Pedestrian 333 

.Liability for— Contractor 208 

— Streets — Injuries 268, 644 

Notaries' Fees — Responsibility of City... 96 

Notary's Fee, City's Liability for 96 

Notice. Insufficient — Village Election.... 393 

— Personal Injuries 208 

— Public Improvement 333 

— Sidewalk Improvement — Reason- 
ableness 305 

— Statutes — Street Accidents 755 

.Sufficiency of — Defective Streets 333 

Nuisance — Charcoal Kiln — Abatement.... 721 

.City's Liability for — Private Sewer. 556 

—Hospitals 305 

— Liability — Prisons 556 

—Street Railway Track 426 

Obligations of City of Manila, P. 1 754 

Obstruction in Street — Evidence 207 

Obstructions, Sidewalk — Injuries — In- 

.Sidewalk — Snow ami [ce 

Ocean Front — Boardwalks — Parks 34 

Officer, Power of Particular — Contracts.. 176 

Officers— Inspector of Buildings 305 

— Statutory Duties — Mandamus 208 

Ordinance, Construction of — Railroads .. . 333 
— House Moving — Electric Wires. . 
.Illegal Refusal of Mayor to Sign... 240 

..MilK Tuberculin Test 305 

Prohibiting Cigarette Smoking — Rea- 
sonableness 333 

, Sewer — Compliance with Statute 588 

Bciency of — Assessments 755 

.Sufficiency of — Sewer District 930 

.Telephone — Validity 820 

, Violation of — Findings — Conclusive- 
ness 457 

.Violation of Void 

Ordinances — Passage — Validity 645 

—Validity 333 

Park Commissioners — Corporate Author- 
ity 135 

Department— Governm'tal Functions. 426 
Parks, Dangerous Conditions in — Lia- 
bility 426 

.Public — Land Condemnation 645 

I itemed Paving Materials — Statutes..... 527 
Pavement Maintenance — Construction of 

Contract 195. 496 

Paving Assessment — Bill to Enforce 176 

Assessment — Corner Lots 195 

—Change of Grade 64 

Material, Selection of — Bonds 457 

Materials, Patented — Statutes 

— Public Improvements — Districts . 
.Street — Liability for Intersections... 240 
Payment, Method of — Street Improve- 

Pedlers — Power to Tax 

Permit, Indeterminate — Franchise 588 

I 'ermits — Franchises — Telephones 

Petition — Street Improvements 2"? 

Pipe in Highway, Laying — Injunction.... 677 

Poles, Permit to Erect Telephone 54 

Police Captain, Promotion of — Liability 

of Commissioner 269 

Officer — Removal — Evidence 304 

Officers, Appointment of 556 

Power — Licensing Hotels 233 

Power — Regulating Car Service.... 

Regulations — Validity 269 

Policeman, Removal of — Compensation.. 588 

Powers — Ultra Vires — Injunction 269 

Prisons — Nuisance — Liability 556 

Promotion of Police Captain — Liability of 

Commissioner 269 

Property, Municipal — Legislative Control 
Railroad, Obstruction of Street by — In- 
junction 930 

.Underground — Taxation 496 

.Use of Street by — Injunction 

Railroads — Construction of Ordinance ... 333 

—Control of Streets 393 

Railway Crossing — Streets — Abandonment 269 
Franchise, Regulaiing Exercise of 

Street 820 

.Street — Rights in Use of Highway.. 556 
Rates, Changing — Water Company's Con- 
tract 867 

for Public Service, Regulation of.... 677 

— Ordinances — Water Companies 495 

.Regulation of Gas 755 

Records of Treasurer — Deprivation of 


Recovery — Illegal Expenditures 

Referendum, Initiative and — Construction 

of Charter 

Provisions, Initiative and 

Refuse, Disposal of — Contracts 

Regulation of Public Places 

of Rates for Public Service 677 

Remedies of Taxpayers. Rights and 

Removal — Evidence — Police Officer 

of Fire Chief, Illegal 392 

of Policeman — Compensation 

— Police Judge 754 

Salaries — Statutory Provisions — Police 

Judges 896 

Salary, Action for — Patrolmen — Dis- 
missed 645 

Schools Free — Special Legislation 176 

Services, Action for — Superintending 

Water Works 268 

Sewage, Discharge of — Prescriptive 

Right 269 

Disposal Plant, Location of 304 

into Water Course. Discharge of.... 588 
Sewer Construction, Different Systems of 755 
Contract — Substantial Performance.. 645 
District, Establishment of— Validity. 496 
District— Sufficiency of Ordinance... 930 

Overflow— Liability 269 

.Private — City's Liability for Nuis- 
ance 556 

.Public — Municipal Indebtedness 207 

.Sufficiency of — Liability 755 

Sewers — Assessments — Abatement 644 

rs — Overflow — City's Liability 240 

Sexton, Cemetery — Municipal Employ- 
ment 269 

Sidewalk, Defective — Proximate Cause of 

Injury 457 

.Defective — Question for Jury 268 

.Icy — Injuries 645 

Improvement — Lien on Property 176 

Improvement — Reasonableness — No- 
tice 305 

s w s a i!UoSs b8t . r ,urle8 - In - BM 

Sidewalks, Care of Delegation to todi 

•";•" ■■ stings ".::::::::: bIS 

—puts to Repair ?g£ 

—Injuries Evidence .... •'.' 

SffiStSS 'i"^i , '' li "7. , "-" ; ucu;;,;-of 721 

1 nit Mi 1,1 ns (arc Kt'iniiri'il vnr 

Snow and I,., Sidewalk ! » ,s unions' • ' ■ 588 

from Sidewalks, Removal of-Oifc: 






"j"> u ' t 'y"" s Street Car Tracks-Public 

^SunfF^ 311 '»" *■**»»» 

Qt,.^7 incorporating of cities 7 7 Zz", 

Street Change of Grade of Damage 896 
.Changing Cade of-Liability. .. 7 896 
defective— Injury— Sufficiency of No- 

Encroachments— Awnings x™ 

.Excavation in— Liability .'.'. 20X 

.Grading— Injury to Building. 7 7! " 930 

"Provement— Delays— Waiver 7 64 

Improvements— Appeal . iSI 

Improvements— Petition . . .' 208 

"1 '■!! vm e m f nts - Procedl "^-Met'hod'of 
.Interference 'with Access to'.' .' .' .'.'."" 721 
.Obstructing— Rights of Owner " 76 

.Ownership of Dirt in 7^ 

.Reasonable Use of— Movin 


'n, unction *"*-»■■ consume 




,•■••• . ..|m-i j iriuking. . 
Curb and Gutters, Division' Plate' 

-Con,' fit r « Ctin& Cement... "" , 5fi 
-Conduit System ' *g| 

1. 11 

WidS^^s^^'^unicipa^ ' .' .' .' ] .' .' \ ]\\ 
Wire. Ininrv e ^~ Ke ^°I al of Buildings 



injury frW High Volt^ge^: 
3SS a . t ;;;.' ,H ; a ^*^e"Aiarm'com: 


Adams ' in ^ on D-"Intense Street Light- 
BaUey ' hUSSF P-'-'^or't' Wayne Market 
Brown, Darius A.-»The' Mayor's* cibi: 



iteii..?— *:: ■•:;::: gj 


Digging Ditches with p'ynamlte.. 
Electrolier, Concrete. 

gineS Corhs*s eCt . . Con °eote<i' ' Reynolds*.: 



Excavator of the Wheel 'owl' ,V "■;.•• 
Trench vvneel -type, Gasolln 

Exhibit, small TubeVcuiogis.'. ^;! 

Extinguisher, Dry Powder. . . . .' 77777 2 g|j 

FeKf lfo a n nUary Drinki ^ '."'.' - • - • ■' 589 

i?re e ^aS^ ai ^'''-"---'.V.-.V.-.-.V.V.VS 

Alarm Street Box.' 

""Von*! . . A ' a ™ ' '&>**■ ' Siinii: 

.Acquisition of Lands 
ments— Validity 

for — Assess- 


.Care of— Negligence 7.7.7.".' 

.Control of— Railroads .777 393 



fort Station" ..... T. c ^° m " B1 , S us £ ers - H °se Nozzle' for' Street 

t. B.-"Wn,H di ","• "^1 :_.••••:• 51 3 Flushing- Marino L'°:.;i ree . 1 

.Dedication of— Acceptance . 
.Detective— Contributory Negligence ' 
.Defective— Definition of Negligence 
' Jury tlVe ~ EvidenCe - Quest ' ^ "or 

^ aSt0n 'A?erie7n^° 0d '^* PaVing in 

1910'^'~" Street Ltehting During 
Piler ' ^^tm^^^^'^orestry 

-Exten't'of' Dedication" .'::::;; f|f F,ack - Dr - Horace E— "Municipal Refer 

—Injuries— Negligence ^1 ™., ence Libraries" . . «eier 

-Negligence .777! 644 

.Laying Out and Altering. . 
• Opening Surface of— License Pee" 
—Prescription— Payment of Taxes' 
.Regulation of— Irrigation Ditches 



L o e r°d n s'' ai : d Felix -" E fficiency ' Reel 

Green, P. E. . 

Small Citv" V A ng and Li ^ti'ng 




St?eet h,ne ' Sanitary Automatic °° 

Machine, Tiffin'.'.'.'.'. J 56 

Tanks ... 428 

Forms Collapsible' Steel .'.'.'.' ftS 

.Steel Curb and Gutter Ill 

Fountain, Sanitary Drinking i 5 ?2 

fountains, Drinking ]'° 


Garbage Incinerator, Si 

426 Haldeman B Antri m_' 'Street ' Widths 
and bub-Divisions" 


... Oas Calorimeter S <>78 

194 Grapple for Handling «----"- 




ig Garbage '.'.■' 

Hvd e r a yt ag M n, N c ew . Motor Combination 
wydrant, New Sprinkling and Flushing.'; 

—Rights of Abutting Owners... 
Liabinly 11 6 Races -Accident 

,Use of Space Under.'.'.'.' 

.Vacation of— Public Use. . '. '.'.'. aon 

.Widening— Removing Trees 7^4 

Subcontractor, Negligent of-Lfabil'iiyof 

-|e r asona|len^sf.?. m ".. f0 . r Use of ~ 97 HeinI >-- Bu7t'A.-' : Elizabe'th Tunnel" Los ^ Lam ?' n D «Plex Inverted Manti e street 

SP p^ Use t . of -Street Acquired ' by rr^. Angeles Aqueduct" . ."?!'. .^° S 4, , t ^° aso JL i P e Street e . 

Condemnation Q7 

buspension of Emplovee— Co'rnD'pn«nti'r,n" ^qo u sewage dumping Station' 

Pending Hearing of C^eT^™ 1 1 |g H ° rnada n y 4n#i n D Me5c^ lKi ^^ 

Tax.Power to-Pedlers 495 Kastenh " b e ';. Jr. E. G.- : ''s'ew'a'ge"Dis: 

Water 1 Insulation - Pipe and Boiler. 
''Wood/Blo'c'k" Pavements 'of "At- 28? Kettles ' Tanks and Street.. 





H ° 0ke ' ^f^^-cepting.' sewer' and 4U LamP %ntffiect^ng i; Al- c '^ "Trimming 

Lead Furnace Using Keros'-" 


T fl v' a T alidit r of -Presum'p't'io'ns.' .'.'.' ||| L anHfi P° sa / Works at Bordentown" 441 

CounciT Assessm ent-Change of city 8 Landflel c d .. es Jerome B._"Sidewalk FaJia- 

-Cou n y e 'r'ciaim ".'.'.'.' .7 .'.';;; .7 ' «77 L ^ kken . H. ,G.-"'pav'ern'ents' ' in ' Grand " 5 

Portable S ^ er °sen e as Fuel, 

Light, Willson Flare 7. '7 ??I 

Lighter, Kilchman Automatic'street' " ' m 
Locator for Underernnnfl pL Mleet '-' ,57 


Forks" . ementS in Grand 

ters" nd Forks Rapid "sand'Fii- 


Nolen, ' 

Standards and 


of Municipal Water Wo'r'k7 
Ztt^ 6 Val "e of Bank Shares 

^^QS^SSPS^J^-piaii^;- 496 McNeal,Tol 1 n-»Columbia Water' Works" 191 

struction .....". ° n " 78fi Murra ^ A Samuel R.-''Denver Municipal 

TeleT7^ JUn ^ tl0n T Street Improvement'" 97 

T % P r h d?nln^- n v h a 1 ,!d e ^ G ™<- ■■■ £ 

Co e urts RegUlatinS - J^sd'icti'on ' 'of 

T^?t ° f O^e-StreeV Commissioner 390 

T Sa g fr ° m MUniCipal Corpora e t r io'ns; ^ 

Ti«l«, t0 qtrie e t et 7T InvalI 2 ' Dedication'. '. '. 7 ." 2 g? 

IVr S it eet rT 0wne i r. ship of Easement 97 

, Street— Ownership of Fee . . . 07 

.Street— Ownership of Fee— Plat* 07 

Towns— Actions— Parties ^ats.... 97 

?rack', St 5n e - Railw ay-Nuis'ance 7.:.. 77 426 

Duty' Spnnkhn ^ str eet Car-Pub:ic 

Transfers-Duty ' to ' Grant .7 .7 7 240 

^.S a r.fL e £ ou S779 u estion for Jury 7' 7' 392 

Underground Pipes .'.'.'.' 427 

Meter Box Top, New , nB 

.Water Flow t?o 

Meters, Water °*2 

''■ ^!^^^LContinuous7 77i3f 


Mold, Adjustable Culvert 
Motor Cycle Improvement 

Asphalt Plant 

"Asrihalt Pavement 


John— ''Street' ' 
Elastic' Streets" 

Daniel T.— "New York" Asnnalt Patois, Ambulances and ,,2 

Pavements" .... °. r . k . As ^ h ^ 44R ^T^'pt^Z^ C ° nCrete ' ' '' ' '' '' ■' '' '' •' •' '• ™ 

Pipe Cleaner, Servi'cV .'.'.'. -?' 

Lowering Appliance 

Oil Distributor, Perfection 

Packing for High Temperatures and 
Pressures,- Sheet. 

Ranki, \£ fc^W " DVeage ' * foV ' S ew- 448 
age Channels" 198 

"KeS ti0n .. in "^"^ 446 P|PeZLo;.a^r^'uSgroun,7- 
G ^°:- Jr.-V.Wood Blo'ck'Pavin'g 446 SSS^55L A P»»tua. Steel ." . .' .' .' ; 7 .' .' 7 558 

Roads and 

.Removing-Widening Streets ' ' ' ' 7.4 
nguarded-Perfona?lSuVies7: 9::o 


Rommel, G« 

- Ppnsacola 
Scheible. Albert— "Tarring- 
_ . f Eye Troubles" .. ... 

S 'm Z enr l ~" SqUaW Creek *™V™™- 
Simpson 6ffl JoJin^''L'ia'b'ili'ty ' of" Municipal ^ 

Tiller, "° eaic atio'n'oi'piatted Streets'".'.' 479 
Tillson, George W.-"Development of 

Wood Block Specifications" .. 349 

'. Melville C. - "Disinfecting 
Swimming Pools" " . . 577 

Paving ,™ PuUey Block, Large 

377 Pump and Cylinder, 'beep Weil' 


for Discharging wTte/Aga'i'n's't' Pr4sl ^ 
n f sur e. Turbo-Impeller . "' 90 9 

.Outside Guided Triplex Power 932 

• The Douglas Contractors' Dianhra'-m 17« 
-VerMcaJ Thrust Multiple st 



r itr , a .,yires— Injunction— Powers 
I nskilled City Employee-Wales 

Vacated Street, Reopening ... 

Vacation of Streets-Evidence 77 ||| 

ir ,-2? Streets— Public Use son 

Validity— Ordinances— Passage lit 

^era"' niegal Removal sa fl 6 Vi'," S er: ^ , 

^^^^ k T^^^^''-- «5 AStffiSSrSTd Pa^ 6 J?? 

VotfnJ ■ M^hineS tST-^ter Supply 588 Asphalt Atomizer, Liquid Ill 

Voting Machines. Contract for Purchase Automobile Show, Vehicles for Municipal 

930 T se at National ld 

Buffalo Duplex and 


Municipal Appliances 

Well . 
Pumping- Engines 


Outfit, Portable ....'.'.'.'.'.'..'. [ 335 

Reinforcement for Concrete Sewers, 
Road , Machine Abroad,' Ohio .' .' .' .' .' ." ^9 


20th Cen- 

M ages— Unskilled City Employee 
Warrant, Payment by... 
Warrants— Action— Fiscai 


. 930 

Management. 721 

Brick, Pork. 


Waste, Reasonable— Public Wat 
Rates— Ord: 
.,e of Sewag c > 
^.^^Uses ; ]76 

Water c5ZS££^2ZJ5&L^ %l 

for Swimming' Pool's',' Grass'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.' 241 
Car, Storage Battery... 
Cart, Automatic Dumping Street' Clean ^ 


Oiler and Preserver," Th 

§ 0ads ' Harrow and Scraper 'for 700 

.Reversihle Sti 

.Traction Road. . , 
Rollers. Easy-Running 
Rooter, Gang Road 


Street..'.'.'.'.'.' .',-' 

0,3 «« I 





.Lands Under— Grants' 


ing . . . 

dement Racks. Wire-tied " " 

Comptometer suitable for ' 'Engineering 

< aleulations ._ 539 


Service Box, New Extension. 
Sewer Cleaner, Siehen 
Cleaning Machine. 

. .210. 


Sbee I rTirTn i g h ^ ih ^in'forcem'ent77': 7S7 
Signal System, Police! 777 777.7.77 458 


Sludge Drying Machine 98 

Smoke Meter 8'jT 

Stall for Fire Engine Houses, Sanitary... 65 

i Gauge, Roughen 3.54 

er Exhibited in New York. Pick- 
up 4H7 

tary Street 177 

Switch, Automatic Float 931 

Switchboard for Kioto (Japan) Municipal 

Water Works :<h 

Tanks and Street Kettles 394 

Tape Splice. Eureka 65 

Tile Machine with Mechanical Tamper, 

Cement 428 

Tires, i: ^39 

.The New Fires! Q . , ijie 

JVto ■ 38 

me 98 

Trench Machine, N 66 

Truck, Contractor's Mol 39 

.... 138 
11 evating and Dumping 
Bodies for Motor. . . 

Valve for Controlling Water Level.... 788 

Water 1'ressure Regulating 

\ ent and < latch B .... 897 


with Steel Tires. Contractoi 






Tow • 

Municipal Journal 

And Engineer 

Volume XXX 


No. r 



Filters Enclosed in Building — Provision for Two Hundred Thousand Gallons a Day- -Preliminary and Final 
Sedimentation Basins and Dosing Tanks — Details of the Plan — Cost of Construction 

3y PAUL HANSEN, Assoc. Mem. Am. Soc. C.E., State Sanitary Engineer of Kentucky 

Ix June, 1910, there was completed and placed in operation a 
small sewage purification plant of the sprinkling filter type at 
the village of College Hill, a residence suburb of the City of 
Cincinnati. This little installation involves no new principles 
or novelties of design not hitherto known to the sanitary 
engineering profession, but it does present a rather interesting 
object lesson in the solution of a sewage disposal problem. 
General Consideration? 

The village of College Hill lies about one mile to the north- 
ward of the northern corporation line of Cincinnati. It in- 
built on a rather level tableland of the highlands bordering the 
valley of Mill Creek, a fairly large stream which discharges into 
the Ohio River within the Cincinnati borders. The natural 
drainage of College Hill is toward the southward into a number 
of deep ravines which have hilly slopes and are generally 
sparsely inhabited. Most of the drainage within the built-up 
portion of the village may be readily conducted toward one 
of these ravines, which reaches nearly to the central part of the 
■village. A small water course (see photo, page 2) occupies 

this ravine, and after flowing a distance of about two and one 
half miles discharges into Mill Creek. The ravine has been 
taken advantage of for the location of an electric traction line 
which follows the general course of the stream. 

The present population of College Hill is estimated at 2,000 
In the way of public improvements there is a public water 
supply obtained from the Cincinnati Water Works, a number 
of miles of good sidewalks, and many roadways paved witli 
well constructed macadam. The village in general presents a 
very picturesque and attractive appearance and is one of the 
most popular of the more recently developed suburban town-. 

One of the necessary requirements of a suburban com- 
munity near Cincinnati is a good sanitary sewerage system, and 
it was to meet this requirement that early in 1908 the village 
authorities took active steps toward the installation of such a 

Sewerage System 

While the sewage purification works form the subject matter 
of this article, yet a brief description of the sewerage system 


Vol. XXX., No. i. 


proper is essential to an understanding of certain phases of 
the purification problem. The sewers are, of course, built upon 
the strictly separate plan, that is to say, all wastes that are 
not offensively putrescible are conveyed through storm water 
drains to the nearest water course, while only house sewage is 
permitted to enter the sanitary sewers. The sanitary system is 
designed to ultimately meet the demands of a population of 
10,000, but the present installation covers only about half of 
the territory that may ultimately be covered. The design is 
such that all the sewage is conveyed by gravity into a main 
trunk sewer occupying the ravine above described. 

While the sanitary sewerage system is, for the most part, 
substantially constructed, no attempt was made to underdrain 
the sewers in wet ground. For this reason the sewers receive 
a considerable quantity of ground water leakage which averages 
about 30,000 gallons per 24 hours. It seems that most of the 
ground water enters at one point on the main sewer and may, 
therefore, be eliminated at comparatively small expense. The 
village officials in charge of the sewerage system have had great 
difficulty on account of numerous rain water leader connections 
to the sanitary sewers, and a determined effort is now being 
made to eliminate these connections. 

Sewage Purification 

Owing to the inadequacy of the small stream occupying the 
ravine into which the main trunk sewer is carried for suffi- 
ciently diluting the sewage flow to prevent a nuisance, it was 
at once evident that sewage purification works were necessary. 
The problem of selecting the type of purification works now 
presented itself, and it was soon found that the peculiar local 
conditions would constitute the determining factors in the 
solution of this problem. 

Based upon experience in other Ohio villages similarly 
located, the assumption was made that purification works 
capable of caring for the sewage of 2,000 persons tributary to 
the sewers and representing a sewage flow of perhaps 200,000 
gallons per 24 hours would meet the needs of the village for 
about ten years. The growth of the village, however, has 
been so very rapid and the general desire for sewerage facil- 
ities is so great that it now appears that a safer assumption 
would have placed the time required to make the sewerage 
system available to 2,000 persons at five years instead of ten 
years. The quantity of sewage flow will probably also exceed 
the assumed quantity on account of ground 'water leakage, 
permitted by the absence of underdrains, even though the 
worst places be reconstructed. In considering possible future 
extensions it was assumed that the ultimate population that 
can be made tributary to the sewers is 10,000, representing a 
sewage flow of 1,000,000 gallons per day. Tt is not expected 
that these conditions will obtain before fifty years hence, and 
moreover, before this period has expired connections will have 

been made with the steadilj widening sewerage system of the 
City of Cincinnati. Consequently a doubling or trebling of the 
present installation is all that nerd he looked forward to. 

Having determined upon tin- capacity of the first installation 
and the possibility of future extensions it next became neces- 
sary to decide in a general way upon the degree of purification 
that must be obtained in order to place limiting conditions upon 
the type of purification devices that might be considered. For- 
tunately conditions were such that no rigorous restrictions 
were imposed by tins aspect of the problem* While the stream 
which receives the sewage effluent is small, yet it has a rapid 
fall so as to cause the water to pass over a series of small 
cascades. Further the ravine contains but a few houses, and 
these are at considerable distance from the stream, nor is the 
water of the stream used for cattle watering or any other 
purpose until it has reached a distance of two and one-half 
miles from the village. Such facts as these led to the conclu- 
sion that all that could be reasonably demanded was a merely 
non-putrescible effluent practically free from suspended matter. 

In considering the type of plant it was, of course, recognized 
that intermittent sand filtration for a community of this size 
and character would prove the most all around satisfactory 
method of purification that could be adopted, but this method 
was ruled out of consideration almost at the start, for the 
reason that there was no site available which could be utilized 
without involving an excessive amount of excavation and 
grading, and this mostly in difficult material. 

The use of contact beds, assuming the necessity of using 
one-tenth acre of bed 5 ft. in depth, for each 500 or 600 per- 
sons tributary to the sewers, was considered as practicable, but 
even this involved a large amount of excavating and grading. 
Moreover, there had to be taken into consideration the diffi- 
culty of conveying materials during construction to any avail- 
able site, for this involved a long and difficult wagon haul 
from the nearest steam railroad siding. 

While sprinkling or percolating filters are not likely to give 
best results for small communities, owing to their relative 
complexity of design as compared with intermittent sand filtra- 
tion and contact beds, yet it appeared that this type of plant 
was the only one that could be built without excessive expense. 
There were several considerations which further encouraged 
the adoption of sprinkling or percolating filters. First was 
the fact that the village of College Hill is a moderately wealthy 
community and can afford to employ a competent person to 
operate the plant ; and, moreover, the character of the citizen- 
ship is such that public utilities are not likely to suffer neglect. 
In the second place, a recently enacted law enables the State 
Board of Health to effectively demand the proper operation of 
all water purification and sewage purification works. All things 
considered, therefore, a sprinkling filter plant was deemed 
most suitable. 

There was selected as the most suitable site for the con 
struction of the purification works a plot of land near the 
upper end of the ravine, at a point where one side of the ravine 
has a comparatively gentle slope. This site is not a good one 
in one important respect, namely : it is rather too near the 
buildings of a sanatorium, the nearest of these buildings being 
about 300 ft. distant. In addition there are twenty residences 
within a radius of 1,000 feet of the plant. While it was 
doubtful whether odors from contact beds or intermittent sand 
filters would be carried 300 feet, it was a certainty that odors 
from sprinkling filters would be carried a much greater dis- 
tance than this. Computation, however, showed that this type 
of plant on the site selected would still prove by far the most 
economical, even though it became . necessary to cover the 
filters. Accordingly superstructures were decided upon which 
thus far have been eminently successful in confining odors to 
the immediate neighborhood of the plant. The striking feature 
of the superstructures is that while they are not unreasonably 
expensive, they have been designed with such artistic skill as to 
render this plant one of the most sightly of the smaller plants 
in the countrv. 

January 4, IQII 


General Arrangement or Purification Works 
Before proceeding with a description of the several parts of 
the purification works it will be well to make a brief state- 
ment of the general arrangement. The plant occupies an area 
of about 210 ft. by 65 ft. and lies in such a position that its 
capacity may be increased in the future by moderate additions 
on either side and by longitudinal extensions. Sewage enters 
the plant by gravity from the main trunk sewer and is re- 
ceved into one or both of two small screen chambers. After 
screening, the sewage passes to one or both of two sedimenta- 
tion tanks and thence into syphon chambers, from which it is 
rapidly discharged at intervals by means of automatic syphonic 



apparatus. The discharge of the syphonic apparatus is into so- 
called equalizing chambers, which are of such shape as to 
equalize the distribution of the sewage over the surface of the 
filter beds by the sprinkling nozzles. The effluent from th« 
sprinkling filter is collected in suitable channels and conveyed 
to final sedimentation basins designed to retain the coarser sus- 
pended matters. A sludge bed is provided for draining and 
drying the sludge from the primary sedimentation tanks. 

Screen Chambers. The two screen chambers are each 3 ft. 
by 3 ft. in plan and 2 ft. 6 in. in depth, inside dimensions. 
Each chamber is provided with two screens placed at an angle 
of 60 degrees to the horizontal and sloping backward from the 
incoming sewage. These screens are built of wrought iron bars 
of -MHn. circular sections and spaced with >^-in. clear open- 
ings. The design of the screen chambers might have been im- 
proved upon by making them considerably longer, thus giving 
greater accessibility to the screens. A valuable accessory to 
screen chambers of this sort is stop plank grooves which may 
serve to support a measuring weir. 

Preliminary Sedimentation Basins. The two preliminary 
sedimentation basins are built of reinforced concrete, each 45 
feet long, 15 feet Vjtfde and 10 feet in total depth. The depth 
to the flow line is 7 feet 6 inches. The basins thus each have a 
capacity of 50,000 gallons, representing a flow period of 6 
hours or a total flow period of i_> hours based upon the nominal 
capacity of the plant. The tanks involve no novel features of 
arrangement, but the design of the reinforced concrete is 
such as to require for the structure a minimum of excavation. 
Provision is made lor distributing the inflow evenly across the 
width of the tanks by means of distributing channels provided 
with a number of gate-controlled openings into the tanks and 
equi-distantly spaced. A similar channel is provided for draw- 
ing off the sewage from the outlet end. The distribution of 
sewage across the tanks is further assisted by hanging hafftes 
placed 2 feet from inlet and outlet ends. \t a point two- 
thirds distant from the inlet to the outlet ends is placed one 
hanging and one submerged battle within a foot of each other 
for the purpose of intercepting sludge and scum and thereby 
preventing in a measure ebullition near the outlet of the 
tanks. Suitable sludge drains are provided near the center 
of the bottoms of the tanks. In order to prevent the dis- 
semination of odors the tanks are covered with a superstruc- 
ture which is designed primarily to give ready accessibility to all 
parts of the tanks as well as the automatic apparatus. The 
satisfactory appearance of the exterior of the superstructure 
has already been commented upon. 

Dosing Tanks. There are two dosing tanks each 4 feet by 
4 feet in plan and 2 feet 6 inches in depth to the flow line; 
the capacity of each is thus 300 gallons. Based upon the 
average rate of flow when the plant is operating at its nominal 
capacity, these tanks would be filled every 5.4 minutes when 
both are in use, or once in every 2.7 minutes when one is in 
use. Under ordinary operating conditions it is proposed that 


Vol. XXX., No. i. 

only tine tank be used and the other he'd in reserve for use 
in case of break-down or stoppage. In order to permit a 
free discharge of the syphons uninfluenced by the back pres- 
sure from the sprinkling nozzles on the niters, and further- 
more to assist in tin- equal distribution of the sewage by the 
nozzles over the surface of the filter, an equalizing chamber 
was provided for receiving the Syphon discharge from each 
dosing chamber The syphonic apparatus used is that manu- 
factured by the Merritt Company of Philadelphia, Pa. 

The proper shape for the equalizing chamber was a matter 
which could not he definitely settled without some preliminary 
experimentation. Accordingly, under the general direction of 
the writer, a small experimental plant was devised wdiich com- 
prised in prototype a small dosing chamber and an equalizing 
chamber of sufficient size to supply a single nozzle. One side 
of the equalizing chamber was made adjustable in order to 
secure some indication of the best form to give this chamber. 
The funds and time available did not permit of these experi- 
ments being exhaustive in character, but they did serve to 
furnish practical assistance in arriving at the design ultimately 
to be adopted. The above experiments also were utilized to 
obtain data which would assist in the selection of the type of 
nozzle to be used. Inasmuch as the experimental methods 
and results are of considerable interest they will be made the 
subject of another article by Mr. W. H. Dittoe, Assistant 
Engineer of the Ohio State Board of Health, under whose 
immediate supervision the experiments were carried out. 

Sprinkling Filter. The sprinkling filter is rectangular in 
plan, 115 feet long and 60 feet wide, which gives an area of 
6,900 square feet or 0.158 acre. Based upon the nominal cap- 
acity of the plant, namely, a capacity for treating the sewage of 
2,000 persons, the above area would represent one acre for 
each 12,660 persons tributary to the sewers. The filtering ma- 
terial, for the most part, consists of broken stone such as will 
pass a 3 inch ring and be retained by a V2 inch ring. The lower 

12 inches of filtering material is made somewhat coarser than 
this to facilitate drainage. The total depth of the filtering 
material is 5 feet. The bottom of the filter consists of a 
concrete floor 4 inches in thickness with a slope of one foot 
in (jo in either direction from a central ridge. 

I be underdrains consist of 6-inch half tile 2 feet in length 
and provided with notches at the sides to permit the ready en- 
trance of the effluent. The design of the underdrains is quite 
similar to that used at Columbus, O., but the ends of the pipe 
are provided with half bells which permits of an over lapping 
of the joints which facilitates obtaining alignment of the pipe 
and possibly prevents more or less solid material from enter- 
ing them. Unfortunately the mistake was made of having 
the tile burnt after they were split. This resulted in excessive 
warping so that but few of the tile lie with an even bearing. 
While it is likely that a great many of the tile will be broken 
by the weight of the stone, it is not probable that underdrainage 
will be greatly interfered with since the effect of the warping 
will be to cause the pipes to break transversely rather than 
longitudinally. To secure the best results with half tile under- 
drains in sprinkling filters the writer would recommend floating 
the surface of the floor of the filter with y 2 to V A of an 
inch of cement mortar and, placing the drain tile while the 
cement is still soft, pressing the edges down into the cement 
until they have an even hearing. This method not only insures 
the drain tile against breakage by superincumbent weight but 
also holds them firmly in alignment while the filtering ma- 
terial is being placed and provides smooth channels for carrying 
off the effluent. By all means the tile should be burnt whole 
and split afterwards. 

The walls surrounding the filter are made of concrete. The 
underdrains are carried directly under the wall and discharged 
into open gutters extending longitudinally along either side 
of the filter. This arrangement permits of accessibility to the 
under drains for cleaning by flushing or other means. 


Jan laky 4, 1911. 


The sewage from the equalizing chamber is conveyed to the 
filter through a system of cast iron pipe. The main pipe lead 
ing from the equalizing chambers are 10 inches in diameter; 
these in turn enter a header, also 10 inches in diameter, which 
extends across the upper end of the filter just outside the 
filter wall. Leading off from this header are live lines of 6- 
inch and 8-inch cast iron lateral pipe extending longitudinally 
across the filter bed and at a depth of 12 inches below the 
surface of the stone. The laterals have a spacing, center to 
center, of 1 1 feet 3 inches. An intervals of 12 feet 6 inches 
along these are placed uprights which rise to a few inches 
above the filtering material and support the sprinkling nozzles 
The spacing of the nozzles brought about by the above described 
arrangement brings the nozzles approximately at the vertices 
of the equilateral triangles into which the bed is thus divided. 
The several laterals are provided with valves at both ends. 
Those next the headers will permit the laterals to be used inde- 
pendently, and those at the opposite ends permit of the laterals 
being flushed out. It may be mentioned that the laterals ex- 
tend through the filter walls, as shown in the accompanying 
photograph. A valve-controlled cross-over between the central 
and one of the adjacent laterals permits an even division of 
the filter into two parts. A valve in the header permits the in- 
dependent operation of the two equalizing chambers. 

The elevation of the orifices of the sprinkling nozzles is such 
that they will operate under a head varying from a maximum of 
lYz feet down to zero. The equalizing chamber lias its bottom 
2 feet above the nozzles, so that practically the entire discharge 
through the nozzles takes place above this head. 

Final Sedimentation Basins. The effluent from the sprink- 
ling filter is conveyed by means of the troughs already men- 
tioned to the final sedimentation basins. There are two of these 
basins, built of concrete, each 59 feet 6 inches long. 10 feet 
wide and 4 feet 6 inches deep to the flow line. The basins each 
have a capacity, making due allowance for sloping sides, of 7,000 
gallons, thus giving a total capacity of 14,000 gallons, which 
represents a flow period, based upon the nominal capacity of 
the plant, of a little over 2 hours. The effluent is admitted to 
one end of the sedimentation basins by means of a distributing 
channel having four rectangular 8-inch openings equi- distantly 
spaced across the width of each basin. The effluent is drawn off 
at the opposite end over weirs extending the entire width of 
the basins. The flow from the weirs falls into a collecting 
trough of concrete which in turn discharges into a 12-inch 
vitrified pipe which conveys the sewage to the creek. Pro- 
vision was made for cleaning the basins by placing 6-inch 


sludge outlets in the bottoms, which outlets in turn have con- 
necting pipes leading to the creek. Cleaning of the final sedi- 
mentation basins will not be attempted except at times when 
the stream is carrying a large volume of water. 

Sludge Bed. The sludge bed is located near the lower end 
and at one side of the purification works. This bed is simply 
a sand filter constructed essentially the same as would be an in- 
termittent sewage filter. It is 30 feet by 100 feet in plan at the 
sand line, thus giving it an area of 3,000 square feet. This 
area is such that it may receive the entire contents of one 
of the preliminary sedimentation tanks without covering it to a 
depth greater than i-H feet. If the bed is kept in proper con- 
dition the thin liquid will pass through in the course of a few 
hours and leave the sludge to dry. It is to be expected that the 
process of removing sludge from the preliminary sedimenta- 
tion tanks will be accompanied by some odor, but if the pro- 
cess is well managed, this odor need not result in an objection- 
able nuisance. 


At the present time it is estimated that there are 800 per- 
sons tributary to the sewerage system at College Hill and 
the flow, as measured on Nov. 28th. 1910, was 92,400 
gallons per 24 hours. The maximum rate observed was 105.- 
000 gallons per 24 hours and the minimum 82,000. As these 
measurements extended but from 1 P. M. to 4 P. M. the actual 
minimum for the day was not obtained, but this minimum pre- 
sumably occurred during the early morning hours. When it 
is considered that about 30,000 gallons of the day's flow is clear 
ground water the comparative weakness of the crude sewage 
as shown in the accompanying table of analyses will be under- 






Vol. XXX., No. I. 

stood. Three-fifths of the filter ana was in use at the time 
of the test and while this does not represent a rate of treat- 
ment for which the plant was nominally designed yet the re- 
sults as indicated by the analyses may be taken as an indication 
that the plant is good for a much heavier burden than is now 
being imposed upon it. The analyses of the water from the 
stream into which the effluent is discharged are interesting as 
showing the practically negligible effect winch the sewage has 
on the character of the water. 


The total cost of the sewerage system proper was $44,522.00. 
The cost of the disposal works was $20,700.00. The unit costs 
of the purification works as presented in the bid of the con- 
tractor are given in the following table : 


10,300 cu. yds. grading, at 49c. per cu. yd $5,047.00 

1,890 cu. yds. broken stone, at 52c. per cu. yd 982.80 

317 cu. yds. sand, at $1.60 per en. yd 507.20 

404 en. yds. plain concrete, at $4.55 per cu. yd 1,838^20 

158 cu. yds. reinforced concrete, at $6.50 per cu. yd. . . . 1,027.00 

507 lin. ft. 6-in. vitrified pipe, at 21c. per lin. ft 106.47 

161 lin. ft. 8-in. vitrified pipe, at 32c. per lin. ft 51.52 

334 lin. ft. 12-in. vitrified pipe, at 55c. per lin. ft 183.70 

7,000 lin. ft. 6-in. split pipe, at 10c. per cu. yd 700.00 

31.61 tons cast iron pipe, at $49 per ton 1,548.89 

7.50 tons special castings, at $25 per ton 187.50 

7.50 tons special castings, at $50 per ton 37S.OO 

(Allowance for error in bid.) 

1 fire hydrant, at $19 each 19.00 

6 8-in. shear valves, at $18 each 108.00 

20 6-in. shear valves, at $13.75 each 275.00 

3 10-in. gate valves, at $47 each 141.00 

11 6-in. gate valves, at $18 each 198.00 

2 extra valves, at $34 each 68.00 

6 8-in. flap valves, at $17.75 each 106.50 

I superstructure for settling basin, at $1,415 each 1,415.00 

1 superstructure for filter bed, at $3,114 each 3,114.00 

2 manholes, round, at $35 each 

4 screens, at $14.50 each 

6 baffles, at $30 each 

I sludge distributor, at $40 each 

5 cast iron covers, at $12.50 each 

45 sq. ft. cement walk, at 16c. per sq. ft 
50 sq. ft. cement steps, at 29c. per sq. ft 








Extra Rills Allowed 215.10 

Total Contract Items $18,647.08 

Eng. and supt. construction 1,118.82 

Topographical survey, 10-acre tract 240.00 

Nozzles 200.00 

Dosing siphons 400.00 

Printing, etc 94 . IO 

Total Cost of Improvement $20,700.00 

An examination of the above figures will show that the hid 

was unbalanced the price for concrete is especially low. It 
may be noted that the contract price was a close one and that 
in all probability the contractor lost two or three thousand 
dollars. Moreover, the contractor, after the death of one mem- 
ber of the firm, proved unenterprising and it was with great 
difficulty that the engineers could force him to complete the 
work. It is unfortunate also that some of the work suffered in 
quality, due to the inefficiency of the contractors; but except 
for the placing of some soft and friable stone in the filter 
beds it is not likely that any of these defects in construction 
will materially affect the results obtainable. 

Mr. J. A. Stewart of Cincinnati was consulting engineer, and 
Mr. C. A. Riggs, also of Cincinnati, was assistant engineer in 
direct charge of the work. The contractors were Meridith & 
Deckeback of Cincinnati. Some of the early work in connec- 
tion with preliminary inspections and preparation of plans was 
done in co-operation with the writer, then of the engineering 
department of the Ohio State Roard of Health. 

detail of connection for sprinkler nozzle 

C x 3 cast-iron tee, carrying in bell a bitumenized nozzle tip with 
tapered opening for nozzle. Tip is fastened in bell with water- 
proof joint and provided with drip bib 

Results of Analysis of Sewage, Sewage Effluent and Creek Water at College Hill, Ohio 

Field Number Xo. 1 


No. of sample 1078 

Temperature 48 

Color 45 

Turbidity 250 

Sediment Distinct 

Odor Sewage 



Dissolved oxygen . ., 

Oxygen consumed . 

Total Kjeldabl 

Nitrogen as : 

Am. free 




Alkalinity 288. 

Total solids 915. 

Loss on ignition 236. 

Dissolved solids 743. 

Loss on ignition 125. 

No. bacteria per c.c 

Colon bacillus 

No. 2 







No. 3 














No. 4 


















Pos., I c.c. 

No. 5 







No. 6 







No. 7 

Stream 2,000 ft. 

below effluent 







Sit. Earthy 











Pos., 1 c.c. Pos., 1 c.c. Pos., I c.c. 

January 4, 191 1. 



Materials Used for Sewers and Joints— Pipe Tests— Amount of Sewage Purification Necessary -Methods 
Available— Possibilities and Limitations of Each— Most Recent Developments 

In the line of sewerage, aside from sewage disposal, there has 
been little change in ideas during the past few years. The 
removal of household wastes in underground pipes by gravity 
will undoubtedly continue to be practically the only method 
employed for many years to come ; a very potent reason for 
this, if there were no other, being that the ever-increasing use 
of water in city buildings calls for conduits for removing it 
after such use (by which time it has become more or less pol- 
luted), and for this the ordinary water carriage sewer seems 
to be the best practicable means. 

A generation ago there was a public scare about the dangers 
of sewer gas, but investigations made in the light of more ad- 
vanced scientific knowledge indicated that this was largely 
imag nary. Again about a year or so ago an English investi- 
gator announced that he had learned by experiments that path- 
ogenic bacteria could be carried into dwellings through house 
connections with sewer air. Further and apparently more 
practical experiments indicated, however, that the danger of 
this was infinitesimal. It appears from our present knowledge 
that sewer air is as dangerous as, but no more so than, other 
foul air; but it is objectionable and should certainly be ex- 
cluded from all residences. A much greater danger lies in the 
possibility of flies coming in contact with excremental matter 
in sewers or elsewhere, since thus disease germs may become 
attached to the flies and be brought into contact with human 
food. This furnishes a very powerful argument in favor of 
sewerage systems in all communities. 

In the construction of pipe sewers, vitrified clay is the stand- 
ard, but there is an increasing tendency toward the use of 
•concrete in the larger sizes, and in this reinforcement is being 
employed with more intelligence as its possibilities and limita- 
tions are more generally understood. For the smaller sizes of 
sewers — say, up to 3 or 4 feet in diameter — there appears to 
be little, if any, economy or other benefit in the use of rein- 
forcement, while the practical difficulties in its use are much 
greater in these smaller sizes. In the construction of concrete 
sewers much improvement along the line of economy is no- 
ticed, the most important examples being in the use of mixers 
better adapted to this work and the carrying of the concrete 
from the mixer to its place in the sewer through troughs or by 
other labor-saving devices. 

The use of reinforced concrete pipe (made outside the trench 
in 2 to 5-foot sections') is becoming more general, and im- 
provements in its manufacture have been arrived at by experi- 
ence. The weak place in any pipe sewer is the joint, and 
concrete sewer pipes have this disadvantage, as compared to 
monolithic sewer construction. On the other hand, the pipe 
has the advantage that it can be laid in wet trenches, even those 
in which water enters under a head, under which conditions 
monolithic construction is very difficult. In Toronto a tight 
line of concrete pipe conduit was obtained last year by cover- 
ing the joints on the outside with alternate layers of building 
paper and hot tar, and finally with a strip of burlap bound 
with two iron wires, one on each side of the joint. Several 
materials for making water-tight joints with vitrified pipe 
sewers have been placed upon the market, the one which has 
appeared this year being really a pipe dip composed of vulcan- 
ized linseed oil, which is said to have given very promising 
results in two or three towns. With the increasing number of 
purification plants and of pumping plants, the matter of water- 
-tight sewers is becoming of more and more importance. 

In the specifications for sewer pipe of various kinds, require- 
ments as to smoothness of surface and trueness of form are 
common, but few contain any requirements as to strength of 
the pipe. During the past few months committees of two or 
three societies, notably the Society for Testing Materials, have 

been endeavoring to formulate special requirements covering 
this, and such requirements have already been embodied in the 
specifications of Brooklyn, N. Y., where they originated, and 
quite recently in those of one or two other cities. These tests 
were described in our issue of Feb. 2, 1910. 

Sewage Disposal. 

The growth of communities both in size and 111 number is 
making more intense the difficulties in the way of disposing of 
sewage; and especially in view of the advanced itand being 
taken by more States every year in requiring purification of 
sewage to a greater or less extent before discharging t into 

Perhaps the most important and significant development in 
sewage purification ideas during the past year or so has been 
the almost unanimous agreement among sanitarians that it is 
not practicable — perhaps not even so desirable as it was at one 
time thought to be — to bring sewage effluents to a high degree 
of purification before being discharged into streams. The 
consensus of opinion among the leaders in sanitation appears 
to have practically reached the point foreshadowed in this 
journal editorially for a year or two past — that the most gen- 
erally economical and logical treatment of the combined sub- 
jects of sewage and water purification was to consider the aim 
of sewage purification to be the preventing of all nuisance, and 
looking to the filtration of water supplies for the elimination 
of pathogenic bacteria or any other causes of disease which 
might exist in a stream or other source of supply. The old 
theory that no individual or city had any right to pollute a 
stream in any way is no more tenable in a densely populated 
country than that an individual has no right to pollute the air 
of a public building, although he does so with every breath 

In the matter of sewage purification a great deal has been 
done quite recently in the way of clearing the field of miscon- 
ceptions, of determining the possibilities and limitations of 
various devices and methods, and of assigning to each of these 
its proper place in the general field of sewage purification. It 
is now pretty well realized that there is no one system or plan 
which is best under all conditions, but that there are a dozen 
or more of the methods which have been devised during the 
past twenty-five years which have most excellent features, each 
of which is probably best under certain conditions. 

In general, it may be said that there are three aims in sewage 
purification — the removal of suspended matter so as to leave a 
clear effluent; the removal of practically all organic matter so 
as to give a comparatively pure effluent; and the elimination of 
1 athogenic bacteria. The first is almost always necessary ; the 
second almost never so; the third : s necessary under certain 



Vol. XXX., No. I. 


Coke and sand filters in background. Population, 10.000 

conditions, such as the presence of beds of oysters or other 
shell fish below the outlet, propinquity of water-works intakes, 
etc. "Purification" as used in connection with sewage should 
be recognized to mean "removal of impurities" and not "ren- 
dering pure." Almost any plant will do the former to a 
greater or less degree; no process practicable outside of the 
laboratory can effect the latter. Parties who claim, as some 
have done during the past year, that they can construct septic 
tanks which will furnish an effluent suitable for drinking are 
worthy of no reliance whatever, but are either the greatest of 
fools or are intentionally deceiving those to whom they are 
endeavoring to sell ther processes. 

In too many cases the city official becomes persuaded that a 
certain purification process, because it is working satisfactorily 
in or has been advised by experts for a neighboring city, is 
therefore the one which should be adopted for his own; 
whereas, as stated above, there is no one method which is best 
for all cities, and only a study of the conditions affecting the 

problem in the locality in question can enable even an expert 
to determine which is best adapted for it. 

A greater or less clarification is given by every purification 
process, but the producing of an effluent even comparatively 
pure would seem to be practicable only by the use of inter- 
mittent sand filters. These require larger areas than are prac- 
tical for most cities of any size. 

The destruction of bacteria, pathogenic and others, can be 
secured by the use of hypochlorites; also by other agencies 
which at the present time appear to be less effective and less 
economical; but it appears to be necessary to remove a con- 
siderable proportion of the suspended matter before applying 
the' hypochlorite if favorable results are to be obtained. 

For removing suspended matter and delivering a clear and 
non-purtrescible effluent we have available precipitation tanks 
(including the modifications known as the septic tank, the 
Emscher tank, etc.), contact beds and sprinkling filters. The 
last named requires preliminary clarification, its special pur- 
pose being that of producing non-putrescibility ; while the con- 
tact bed works to much better advantage on a liquid at least 
partially clarified. 

All tank methods, whether septic, Emscher or plain precipita- 
tion, give only a partially purified effluent and seldom one 
which is non-putrescent. But unless a large area for com- 
paratively low-rate filtration is available anything better than a 
tank effluent can be secured only by processes which require 
tank treatment as a preliminary. The primary function of the 
tank is the removal of suspended matter by sedimentation. 
Any other servi:e performed by it is along the line of assisting 
in the problem of disposing of the matter which settles out — 
the sludge — either by changing it into a liquid form or by get- 
t'ng it into a more compact and less offensive form, so that it 
can be more readily disposed of. The best that the septic tank 
can be expected to do is to liquefy two-thirds of the suspended 
matter, leaving one-third to be disposed of otherwise. The 
chief advantage of the Emscher tank appears to be that the 
sludge (which may be slightly less than that produced by the 
septic tank) is in a form more readily handled and less 
offens : ve. 

Emscher Tank for .Population 
of 5,000. 

Emscher Double Tank for Population of 10,000. 
general plans of emscher tanks 

January 4, 1911. 


We sec, therefore, that all plants, except sand filtration, pro- 
duce a resultant sludge which remains to be disposed of, and 
this is the most serious problem of sewage disposal yet remain- 
ing to be solved. In fact, even the sand filter produces almost 
as much residuum as the septic tank, but surrenders it in a dry 
and inoffensive form, so that it can be used for filling, with 
little danger of objectionable features. 

Probably only two or three distinctly novel ideas have been 
advanced recently, and these are but variations on much older 
ones. The greatest prominence has been given to the Emscher 
tank of Mr. Imhoff, which has been used in Germany for two 
years or more. One or two experimental tanks of this kind 
have been under operation in this country, and the year 191 1 
will probably see two or more put into actual service. Another 
idea which is being tentatively adopted and experimented with 
is that of artificial aeration of filters or tanks by the introduc- 
tion of air either by blowers or by outside air currents blowing 
into ventilating cowls. 

More thoroughly established than these, although not quite so 
new, are sprinkling filters, several of which have been put into 
operation during the past few months in both large and small 
plants. One such installation is described in this issue. The 
difficulty due to freezing of the spray from the sprinklers 
(which, however, does not appear to have been a serious one 
at Columbus) has been avoided in two or three of the small 
plants by enclosing the sprinkler beds in superstructures. The 
principal feature of the sprinkling filter plants which requires 
further study and improvement is the matter of the sprinkler 

Showing underdrains in place. Population, 20,000 

itself. No sprinkler head has yet been found which gives an 
entirely satisfactory, uniform distribution of sewage over the 
entire surface of the bed. Even theoretically this seems pos- 
sible only by the use of movable sprinklers similar to those 
used in most of the English plants ; but so far we believe no 
attempt has been made to use such movable sprinklers in this 
country. The objection to these usually offered is the danger 
of the probable interference of ice with the movement of the 
sprinkler arm or trough ; but enclosing the sprinklers would 
seem to meet this objection. 

This suggests ideas which have not been sufficiently consid- 
ered in this country — the influence of climate upon the action 
and availability of the several sewage purification methods. 
There are a number of methods found or believed to be im- 
practicable in the northern section of the country which it 
seems probable would give excellent results in more southerly 
climates, where the temperature seldom falls much below the 
freezing point. Outdoor sprinkling filters and the providing of 
abundant air of outdoor temperature in various ways are two 
features which find conditions more favorable for success in a 
southern than in a northern climate. 


Necessity for Reliable Automatic Hypochlorite Apparatus — 

Better Sprinkler Nozzles — Intensive Sand Filtration 

— Disposal of Sludge — Utilization 

In December, 1910, a discussion was had before the Institute 
of Chemical Engineers in New York City on the general sub- 
ject of sewage disposal, papers being read by Messrs. Rudolph 
Hering, George C. Whipple and C. E. A. Winslow. The last 
entitled his paper "Unsolved Problems of Sewage Disposal," 
and gave in connection therewith some information concern- 
ing recent experiments which is of more than usual interest. 
An abstract of his paper is given below. 

The first unsolved problem which he mentioned is in con- 
nection with the use of bleaching powder for disinfecting 
sewage. In this, he says : "There is one difficulty which de- 
serves the serious attention of the engineer. In a large plant 
it is comparatively simple to arrange automatic devices which 
will deliver a fairly constant supply of bleaching powder solu- 
tion, and in such plants attendants are usually at hand to make 
up for any deficiencies which do arise. In a small plant, on the 
other hand, it is impossible to secure constant supervision. We 
must rely to some extent on automatic apparatus. It is ex- 
ceedingly difficult, however, to apply a strong solution of 
bleach in small amounts without using devices which are liable 
to be frequently out of order. Small holes quickly clog, small 
weirs crust over, and it is a common experience to find such 
chlorine plants stopped up and entirely inoperative. Improve- 
ments along this line are greatly to be, desired. 

"The problem of distribution on the trickling filter is still, 
of course, a mooted one. The English moving distributors 
of various types give good results, but are costly and fre- 
quently out of order. Fixed sprinkler nozzles, if of small open- 
ing like that used at Birmingham, require much care (the con- 
stant attention of one man to an acre and a half of beds). 
Xozzles of large opening, like that devised at Columbus, give 
imperfect distribution and discharge such a large volume of 
liquid that they must be operated under a variable head. If 
the necessity for intermittency be granted (and the writer is 
not acquainted with any large-orifice nozzle which gives even 
distribution without it), it seems more logical to adopt a nozzle 
like the one worked out at Waterbury by Mr. Taylor, which 
is particularly designed to discharge in a thin restricted sheet 
which, under intermittent operation, moves back and forth over 
the wetted area. The gravity distributor, designed at the sew- 
age experiment station of the Massachusetts Institute of Tech- 
nology, in which the sewage drops down onto a concave disk 
from which it splashes upward and outward, seems to have 
justified itself as an alternative to the nozzle system which 
is worthy of consideration. Mr. Hammond at Mt. Vernon has 
made an important improvement in the splashing disk by turn- 
ing it over at the edge ; and the plant now in operation at Mt. 
Vernon shows that the gravity system may yield excellent 
results in practice and on a large scale. 

"One other point which deserves attention in future studies 
of the oxidizing phase of sewage purification concerns the in- 
tensive possibilities of the intermittent sand filter. The orig- 
inal experiments at Lawrence pointed to a maximum rate of 
100.000 gallons per acre per day, and in practice the Mass- 
achusetts plants have fallen below this figure except perhaps 
at Gardner and at Worcester. Many of them have operated 
at less than one-half this rate. With the Massachusetts prac- 
tice of applying crude sewage to the beds, such low rates are 
necessary, for the winter clogging sets a sharp limit to their 
capacity. If, however, suspended solids were removed by pro- 
per preliminary treatment it seems probable that a much higher 
efficiency could be maintained. A dose of 100,000 gallons on 
an acre corresponds to a depth of less than 4 inches of sewage 
With a clean bed of fairly coarse sand, well leveled and equip- 


Vol. XXX, No. i. 

ped with good distributors, such a dose disappears in hall an 
hour and maj be repeated once in everj six Lours without the 
slightest interference with nitrification. In the Middle West- 
ern States (as at Wauwatosa, Wis., for example) plants de- 
signed on this principle, with a septic lank preceding the sand 
filter, are said to operate with success at a rate of 400,000 gal- 
lons per acre per day. Analytic data are, unfortunately, in 
most cases not available." Mr. Winslow then described an 
experimental outdoor sand filter studied at the sewage ex- 
perimental station of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. 
This was under the charge of Professor Phelps and himself. 
From August, 1909, to May, 1910, septic effluent was applied to 
a rectangular bed 21 x 22 feet, containing 3.5 feet in depth 
of beach sand having an effective size of 0.36 mm. The 
rate was between 220,<xx> and 340,000 gallons per acre per day, 
applied in doses six hours apart. The effluent averaged 3.1 
parts per million of free ammonia, 5.9 parts of organic ammonia 
and 19. 1 parts of nitrates, with a relative stability of over 96. 
During the ten months the sewage of the bed was raked six 
times, but no material was removed nor was there any ap- 
parent deterioration in the character of the surface. From 
these experiences he believed that the possibility of considerably 
multiplying the rated efficiency of sand filters was certainly 
worth further investigation. 

The removal of suspended solids from sewage he believed 
to be the problem which still presents the most serious dif- 
ficulties. For the destruction of pathogenic bacteria and the 
oxidation of putrescible organic matter there is a choice 
between alternative promising methods ; but for the disposing 
of the solid constituents of sewage there is no method which 
has been developed to a point of real efficiency, in this country 
at least. In fact, at many plants in this country the whole 
problem is ignored as if it did not exist. 

The difficulty is not so much in separating the solids from the 
liquid as in disposing of the resultant sludge. F.ven in sand 
filtration from five to ten tons of dried sludge per million gal- 
lons is strained out and must be disposed of. The watery- 
sludge from sedimentation processes amounts to fifteen or 
twenty tons when chemicals are used and from ten to fifteen 
with plain sedimentation, with a minimum of five tons with the 
most successful septic tanks. Maritime cities can carry this 
sludge to sea ; those on large rivers may perhaps discharge 
it into these during floods; but for the majority of inland 
cities disposing of it is a serious problem. Land disposal 
is available for small plants, for a time at least ; large plants 
have adopted mechanical drying or pressing followed by land 
disposal or burning. But all these are expensive and objection- 
able in other ways. 

Mr. Winslow considers the possibility of obtaining more per- 
fect liquefaction as being the most apparent possible solution. 
He states that, of fourteen septic tanks of which careful 
records have been kept, both in this country and in England, 
"Five show a solution of deposited solids of 30 per cent or less, 
four are between 30 and 40 per cent, three between 40 and 50 
per cent, and only two over 50 per cent." Theoretically the 
percentage should be much higher and experiments have indi- 
cated that the most important factor in checking the liquefac- 
tion was the accumulating of the waste products of the septic 
process itself ; and experiments were conducted by Professors 
Winslow and Phelps with a view of determining some method 
for continuing the liquefying action much further; those dur- 
ing the past year or two having been with a tank of the 
Dortmund shape, or one having a conical bottom, with the in- 
flow at the bottom and the outflow at the top; the sludge, 
which collects at the bottom, thus being constantly washed in 
a current of fresh sewage so that the products of decomposition 
may be removed. Sludge has been removed from this only 
once in fifteen months, and then only for the purpose of 
analysis. The effluent has not suffered in quality from passing 
through the sludge, and the tank removes 50 per cent of the 
total solids it received. This effluent was the one used in the 
intensive sand filter experiments just described. Analysis of the 
sludge and tank contents for eight months of operation (most 
of them during cold weather) showed that 72 per cent of the 

total deposited solids and 80 per cent of the deposited organic, 
solids had been liquefied. 

In commenting on the Imhoff tank Mr. Winslow stated that 
exactly the opposite principle appears to be applied here, in 
that fresh sewage is cut off as much as possible from the 
sludge; in spite of which fact it is reported that liquefaction is 
carried out to a very satisfactory degree and the sludge is well 
digested. Me suggests, however, that the frequent removal of 
sludge — twice a week or oftener in some cases — accomplishes 
the same results by removing the inhibiting septic products 
and also by the greater or less stirring up of the remaining 
sludge which takes place. At any rate, the quiescence found in 
the ordinary septic tank appears to be unfavorable for complete 
liquefying action 

Concerning utilization of sewage Mr. Winslow expressed 
some ideas different from those which have been commonly 
entertained. He said : "With the improvements which are be- 
ing made in drying and separating machinery nothing can be 
called impossible. The disposal of factory wastes is already 
recognized as primarily a problem of utilization rather than of 
disposal. Even ordinary domestic sewage sludge contains, 
when dried, two or three per cent of nitrogen and five to ten 
per cent of fat, and on distillation yields ammonia, tar, oil and a 
more or less luminous gas. There is a field which I am in- 
clined to believe may yet at some future time be occupied by 
the industrial chemist." Garbage contains about the same 
percentage of grease, but is twenty to thirty per cent solid 
matter, whereas sewage sludge contains only about one-fourth 
as much solid matter. The grease recovered from garbage 
makes the utilization of the latter more or less profitable. 
Whether or not equal profit could be derived from the treat- 
ment of sewage sludge, with its very much larger percentage of 
water, is one of the important problems to be solved by the 
chemist and other investigators along these lines. 


In our issue of March 10, 1909, there was described the 
method of constructing a concrete pavement in Bozeman, Mont, 
in 1908. Last year another section of concrete pavement was 
laid as a continuation of the 1908 construction. This new section 
was one block, or 540 feet long and contained 3,313 sq. yds. The 
work was constructed by S. Birch & Sons Construction Com- 
pany of Salt Lake City, the prices being: excavation, 50 cts. 
per cubic yard; gravel fill, $1.50 per cubic yard, and concrete 
pavement (not including excavation or fill), $2.05 per square 
yard. The total cost was $2.39 per square yard. Red Devil 
cement was used, manufactured by the Three Forks Portland 
Cement Company at Trident, Mont, and costing $2.50 per bar- 
rel. Sand cost $2.50 to $2.75 per cubic yard, and gravel from 
$1.25 to $1.50. Labor was $2.50 per day of eight hours. 

After grading, the street was rolled with a ten-ton roller. 
Grade stakes were driven to the finished grade and from three 
to four inches of gravel was then placed on the rolled surface 
and tamped and gaged, allowing seven inches for the concrete. 
Templates of inch boards which exactly fitted the crown of the 
street were then placed every 50 feet at right angles to the curb ; 
these being withdrawn after the placing of the concrete to pro- 
vide expansion joints. Concrete was then laid to a depth of 
$ l / 2 inches mixed 1 cement to 6 of natural gravel in which 
the stones were limited to 2 x / 2 inches diameter. Before the 
concrete had set, the grade stakes were withdrawn and a 1J/2- 
inch top finish was applied of 1 cement, 1 sand and r pea 
gravel, the latter limited to \ l / 2 inches diameter. This wearing 
surface was not trowled or marked, but was given a rough 
float finish. The expansion joints were filled with an asphaltum 
compound and the pavement covered with sand and earth and 
traffic kept from it for three weeks. Both concrete and top' 
coat were mixed very wet and placed with wheel-barrows. 

According to city engineer Will S. ITartman, this pavement 
is not so noisy nor so slippery as the 1908 one, which was 
trowelled and marked off into blocks. Moreover the pavement 
laid this year was constructed in continuous strips across the 
street, while the other was not, and wear is occuring at the 
longitudinal joints. 

January 4, 191 1. 




Methods Available — Slow and Rapid Sand Filters — Where Each is Most Effective — Cleaning Filter 
Sand — Double Filtration and "Prefilters" — Coagulation — Hypochlorite Sterilization — Ozone Treatment 

The past two or three years have seen considerable advance 
in the matter of water purification, both improvements in the 
methods previously in use and also the devising and practical 
adoption of new methods. The first methods to be employed 
in American cities were sedimentation and, more commonly, 
that ordinarily known as slow sand filtration ; which were fol- 
lowed by mechanical or rapid sand filtration. These three were 
used for a number of years as practically the only methods 
of purifying municipal water supplies. Recently, however, co- 
agulation (which is essential with rapid sand filtration) ha.- 
been used to assist sedimentation. For certain classes of 
water intermittent or non-submerged filters have been recom- 
mended by European sanitarians but have not been adopted in 
this country. For sterilizing water, either filtered or unfiltered, 
hypochlorite of lime has come into very extensive use within 
the last year or two. Ozone treatment for the same purpose 
as well as for removing color and even a certain amount of 
suspended organic matter has been widely advertised, but there 
are no plants in this country, and probably only one or two in 
the world, which are successfully treating municipal supplies 
by this method. 

A brief review of the present knowledge concerning these 
various processes is given below. In preparing this we have 
drawn largely on a report on "Purifying the Water Supply of 
Montreal," published a short time ago by Hering and Fuller, 
because in this has been collected together probably the best 
recent summary of the latest information on this subject. 

Sand filtration has been practised for about eighty years in 
Europe and thirty-five years in some American cities. It was 
until very recently considered that the velocity of flow through 
these could not exceed two or at the most three million gal- 
lons per acre per day with satisfactory results. Recent experi- 
ments and improvements, however, have demonstrated the prac- 
ticability of securing the best of results with a flew of two 
and one half to five million gallons, and this has been carried 
up to even six or eight million gallon? when the water ha- 

been given preliminary treatment. Slow sand filters contain 
sand usually to a depth of 36 to 60 inches. Except in the 
smaller plants they are usually divided into beds of about 
one acre each. 

While slow sand filters are not germproof, they are very 
nearly so under favorable conditions of construction and 
operation. They are especially adapted to the purification of 
waters which contain but little vegetable stain or color an 1 
which are comparatively free from mud. They will ordinarily 
remove from 20 to 30 per cent of the vegetable color or stain 
from a water. They will regularly remove turbidity to the 
extent of some 50 to 75 parts per million, and for short periods 
will remove quantities considerably in excess of this. They are 
not capable, however, of coping with the muddy waters of the 
Central West and Southern portions of the United States, 
unless the water is first subjected to expensive clarification 
methods. Such filters ordinarily show a removal of some 
98 to 99 per cent of the bacteria contained in the unfiltered 

Mechanical or rapid sand filters are frequently known as 
American filters, the type having been developed in the United 
States. These are especially applicable to the treatment of muddy 
waters and those deeply stained with vegetable matters. Its 
field of usefulness, however, extends to nearly all types of 
water, and it offers especial advantages where land is very 
expensive or that available is limited in area. These filters 
consist of sand layers 30 to 36 inches deep of a very uniform 
,-ized grain. They are arranged in comparatively small units, 
generally less than 1.000 square feet each, through which water 
i^ passed at a much more rapid rate than is the case with slow 
sand filters ; the ordinary rate for mechanical filters being 125 
million gallons per acre per day. which is equivalent to about 
16 feet of vertical velocity per hour. 

This type of filter depends very largely for its efficiency upon 
the gelatinous precipitate obtained from the decomposition in 
the water of a small quantity of sulphate of alumina or iron 



Vol. XXX., No. i. 

(aboul one grain i H ' r gallon). 1 lu- resulting precipitate oi 

alumina hydrate forms the necessary gelatinous films so as to 
permit the bacteria to be retained there until removed later by 
the process of sand cleaning or washing. 

There are now in service in America for the treatment of 
municipal supplies approximately 350 mechanical or rapid sand 
filtration plants, this in addition to a number of other such 
plants, some of them of considerable size, for industrial estab- 
lishments, clubs, etc. About fifty of these cities have a popu- 
lation of 50,000 or more. Some of the best known niters of 
this type arc those at Little Falls. N. J., New Milford, N. J., 
Watertown, N. Y., Binghamton, N. Y., York, Pa., Harrisburg, 
Pa., South Pittsburg, Pa., Youngstown, Columbus, Cincinnati 
and Toledo, O., Louisville, Ky., Birmingham, Ala., and New 
Orleans, La. 


»foj» Ormrf/o^ 

Was* 0**rf/°» 



One of eight units, each 20 x 10 feet and one-half million gallons 
daily capacity, or 109 million gallors per acre. Air wash 

The use of slow sand niters has resulted in a very considerable 
decrease in typhoid death rates in most if not all cities where 
they have been installed; three such instances being those of 
Lawrence, Mass., where the typhoid death rate per 100,000 
was reduced from 114 for the seven years before filtration 
was introduced to 25 for the fifteen years following; Albany. 
N. Y., where the death rate was reduced from an average of 
90 for the ten years preceding filtration to an average of 22 
for the nine years following its introduction ; and Pittsburg. 
Pa., where an average rate of 133 for the eight years preced- 
ing filtration was reduced to 47 in the year following the in- 
troduction of filters for purifying a part of the supply only. 

Well built and well operated rapid sand filters not only reduce 
turbidity and color but remove bacteria as well and thus greatly 
reduce the typhoid death rate, as is shown by the experience 
of several cities, among them being Binghamton, N. Y., where 
the death rate per 100,000 was reduced from an average of 
47 for the five years before filtration to an average of 15 for the 
five years following its introduction ; Cincinnati, O., where the 
death rate was reduced from an average of 50 for the four 
years before to 16 the year following; Columbus, O., where 
the rate was reduced from 78 for the eleven years before to 20 
for the year following; Paterson, N. J., where the rate was re- 
duced from an average of 32 for the five years before to an 
average of 10 for the seven years following; Watertown, N. Y., 
from an average of 100 for the five years previous to an average 

"I 38 For the five years following; York, Pa., a reduction from 
an average of 76 for the two years before to an average of 22 
for the eight years following. 

Possibly in no other branch of investigation has more money 
from city treasuries been expended than in that of filtration, 
and to this expenditure is largely due the advance which has 
In en made in knowledge of the subject. During the past few 
years more than half a million dollars has been spent in water 
purification investigations which have been conducted by Louis- 
ville, Ky., Pittsburg. Pa., Cincinnati, O., Washington, D. C, 
New Orleans, La., Philadelphia, Pa., Harrisburg, Pa., Provi- 
dence, R. I., West Superior, Wis., Richmond, Va., and New 
Orleans, La 

In several cities water has been subjected to double filtra- 
tion, generally for the purpose of removing more or less tur- 
bidity from waters which seem to occupy an intermediate class 
between the clear waters which can be treated at high rates 
in slow sand filters and the muddy waters of the South and 
West which require constant coagulation. Among the earliest 
of these to attract attention were those at the lower Roxborough 
filtration plant of the city of Philadelphia, at Lancaster, Pa., 
and at Wilmington. Del. All of the purification plants in 
Philadelphia have been provided with preliminary filters sub- 
stantially equivalent to rapid sand filters in which no coagulant 
is used ; the effluent from these being further treated in slow 
sand filters operated at practically double the ordinary rate. 
Preliminary filters have recently been completed at Albany, 
N. Y., embodying the latest ideas in preliminary filtration. A 
careful estimate of the costs and relative rates of purification 
shows that, while equally good results might have been possible 
in most of these cases by single filtration, the higher rates thus 
made possible have effected an economy in the total process. 

Coagulation, which is one of the essential features of rapid 
sand filters, has also been employed in several plants as an 
auxiliary of sedimentation. This is accomplished ordinarily by 
the use of sulphate of alumina and objection has been enter- 
tained in some cities against the "dosing of water with chemi- 
cals," although this material can hardly be considered any more 
of a "chemical" than the salt used in cooking. The use of this 
material for coagulation in an effort to clarify water dates back 
for several thousand years. It has been used for a number 
of years in the south and by the armies of European countries 
for clarifying muddy or polluted water when no better was 
available for drinking. Its use is generally recognized by ex- 
perts in this country as being perfectly safe, and urgently neces- 
sary for many very muddy and highly colored waters. Its use 
preliminary to treatment in slow sand filters is carried on 
successfully in Springfield, Mass., Ferncliff and Poughkeepsie, 
N. Y., Washington, D. C, Indianapolis, Ind., and is included in 
the plans for the slow sand filter for the Croton supply of 
New York City. Coagulation alone, without the use of sand 
filters, is used at Omaha, Neb.. Leavenworth, Kan., Kansas 
City, Mo., St. Louis, Mo., Nashville, Tenn. The basin in 
which sedimentation assisted by coagulation is to take place 
ordinarily holds a flow of 18 hours ; although the capacity may 
vary with the nature of the material to be precipitated. 

The hypochlorite of lime treatment and several plants in 
which it is used have been described in a number of issues of 
Municipal Journal and Engineer during 1910. Strictly speak- 
ing it is not a new process, but has been employed fifteen or 
eighteen years for eliminating the effect of sewage pollution 
from certain tributaries of the New York Croton supply. It 
was used at the time of a cholera epidemic at Hamburg in 1892 
and as an emergency treatment in several places in Europe and 
Asia. It is only within the past two years, however, that sub- 
stantial progress has been made in our understanding of the 
nature and accomplishments of this treatment for public water 
supplies, both alone and in connection with filtration. The ma- 
terial used is what is known commercially as chloride of lime 
or bleaching powder. Its action is largely if not wholly that 
of oxidation, its introduction into water being followed by sev- 
eral chemical changes, among which is the formation of hydro- 
gen oxychloride, which is a most powerful oxidizing agent. As a 

January 4, 191 1. 



by-product calcium chloride and several more or less inert com- 
pounds are formed. The method is now used in more than 100 
cities of the United States, this widespread use dating from the 
early autumn of 1908, when it was applied to the Boonton 
supply of the Jersey City, N. J., water supply and at the filtra- 
tion plant of the Union Stock Yards at Chicago. Among the 
cities where it is now being used are Milwaukee, Minneapolis, 
Omaha, Council Bluffs, Indianapolis, Nashville, Cincinnati, 
Columbus, Pittsburg, Harrisburg, Philadelphia, and numerous 
other smaller cities. 

It should be understood that this treatment is not a sub- 
stitute for filtration in the removal of turbidity, color, tastes 
or odors, but only for destroying bacteria and a certain amount 
of suspended organic matter. Its special advantages are that 
it can be applied at little expense and on a few hours' notice 
as an emergency treatment when a water becomes suddenly 
polluted with disease germs ; and also that it can be used as an 
additional precaution, permitting rapid filtration when a slower 
rate would be demanded for the purpose of bacterial reduction 

There are a number of electrolytic processes which have been 
or are being used for the purification of water supplies. These 
in most cases rely largely if not wholly upon the electrolytic 
decomposition of salts in the water and the formation of 
hypochlorities. While there may be instances where electric 
current is so cheap and commercial hypochlorite so expensive 
that the electrolytic process is cheaper than the hypochlorite, 
in the majority of sections this is not the case. There are 
however, certain advantages in connection with electrolytic 
processes which would make them even more desirable than the 
use of bleaching powder if they can be made economically 

Ozone Treatment 

Much interest has been displayed, especially among the non- 
technical public at large, in the ozone treatment of water. As 
this is one of the most recent processes, and one concerning 
which it is difficult to obtain unprejudiced statements, we quote 
in full the Hering and Fuller report on this subject. 

Ozone is a modified form of oxygen, and serves as a most 
powerful oxidizing agent for the destruction of organic mat- 
ter, including living bacterial cells. It is found more or less 
in nature, particularly after thunderstorms, and is manuiac- 
tured commercially through the use of electricity discharged 
through the atmosphere under very high voltage. It has been 
actively before the people as a prospective water purifying 
method for some fifteen years, and has attracted widespread at- 

We have followed its developments closely from the begin- 
ning, and have personally inspected its standing in Europe, par- 
ticularly at Paris in 1900, 1905, 1906, 1908 and 1910. 

Ten years ago this process was considered capable of steriliz- 
ing a water which was substantially free from readily oxidiz- 
able organic matter at a cost in the neighborhood of $5 to $6 
per million Imperial gallons. There is no question as to the 
efficiency of ozone under suitable conditions in destroying bac- 
terial life. There are some questions as to the degree of con- 
centration of the ozone which must be present in the ozonized 
air which is to be mixed intimately with the water to be treated. 
The expense of the ozone treatment seems to increase materi- 
ally with increases in the concentration of ozone in the ozon- 
ized air. 

Marked progress has recently been made in perfecting 
ozonizers so as to render their performance cheaper and also 
much more reliable. Investigations as to the use of ozone were 
conducted at the Jerome Park Reservoir in New York City in 
1907-08, but the result was unsatisfactory, partly owing to the 
irregularity with which the ozonizers performed, and partly 
on account of the prohibitive expense of the treatment. 

In Europe there has been comparatively little development 
on a working basis in the past decade. Plants in regular serv- 
ice on a commercial scale are practically confined to the small 
town of Paderborn, in Westphalia. We have also seen a small 
plant in commercial operation at Breda, a small village in Hol- 
land. Another plant is at Wiesbaden, Germany, where it is held 
in reserve for the treatment, in case of emergency, of water 
from certain wells near the Rhine which contain contaminated 
water and which are not used regularly. 

While numerous investigations at various places in Europe 
have been made with ozone, developments have been practically 
confined to the places above mentioned, and at St. Maur, one 
of the suburbs of Paris, where is located a sand filtration plant 
from which, after treatment with ozone, a portion of the city 
water supply is derived. The source of this water is the River 
Marne, a tributary of the Seine. For a dozen years or so St. 
Maur has been the scene of almost uninterrupted investigations 
as to the utilization of ozone for the treatment of the Paris 
water supply. Its use is proposed in connection with what are 
called preliminary filters, or roughing filters of the Puech- 
Chabal type. These preliminary filters are intended to act 
simply as clarifying devices, and it is the ozone which is relied 
upon to remove the bacteria. 

A vear or two ago it was decided to install at St. Maur an 
ozonization plant with a capacity of 20 million Imperial gallons 
daily. Plans for the installation of this plant, with a division 
of the contract equally between the De Frise and Otto systems, 
have been approved by the Minister of the Interior and by the 
Superior Council of Public Hygiene, but they have not been 
ratified by the Municipal Council. That is to say, no contract 
has been closed for these ozone devices. At present the works 
at St. Maur are temporarily out of service owing to damage 
caused by the recent severe flood, but are under process of re- 
pair. It is understood that still further tests are to be made, 
or are being made now, at St. Maur, on the Gerard system of 
ozonization, and that if this method or device proves satisfac- 
tory the 20-million-gallon contract will be divided equally among 
the three companies instead of the two above mentioned. 

The construction cost of ozonization at Paris, according to 
the different systems, runs from $6,000 to $15,000 per million 
gallons daily capacity. The operating cost is estimated at 

*ffori/,rg//oir 7oi*er- 






Vol. XXX., Xo. i. 

about $6 to $7 per million gallons, these figures being set forth 
in a report by Colmet-Daage, City Engineer of Paris. 

I 'ere is no doubt about the Paris authorities being deter- 
min I to get the best water obtainable from the local river 
wati as distinguished from further developments of distant 
gravit. sources, and that there has been substantial progress 
made Jure as to the use of ozone as an adjunct to filtration. 

Comparing the COSl and reliability of ozone with the electro- 
lytic decomposition of salt in order to obtain hypochlorite of 
soda, or upon comparing it with hypochlorite of lime, we see no 
justification whatever on the ground of cost, to say nothing of 
irregularity of performance, to recommend the ozone treat- 
ment at this Stage of development. We formally reported to 
that effect to the Water Commissioners at Niagara Falls, N. Y., 
last February. Mention is made of this fact as illustrating our 
conviction in this regard for a project where electric power 
is available in large quantities at prices which can scarcely be 
lower elsewhere. 

In our investigations of the Montreal project we have taken 
occasion to visit with Mr. Janin the ozone plants at Lindsay, 
Ont., and Ann Arbor, Mich. We consider them to be interest- 
ing plants, showing that ozonizers can be built and operated with 
fewer interruptions than we were led to believe possible from 
our observations of the developments three years ago at Jerome 
Park Reservoir, New York City. They are now being used 
at these towns above mentioned with filtration devices which 
are very crude and inexpensive. At Lindsay the Provincial 
Board of Health authorities of Ontario, under date of February 
8, ioio, unqualifiedly condemned the ozone plant as a sterilizing 
process. They reported it to be unreliable, and attributed substan- 
tially all of the success of the plant to the arrangements and de- 
vices other than the ozone. At Ann Arbor it is claimed that the 
bacterial results obtained are on a more satisfactory basis than 
at Lindsay, but official reports have not been made public. At 
both of these places the ozone gives no indication of having any 
practical efficiency in the removal of color or vegetable stain 
from the water. At Ann Arbor the final treated water had a 
noticeable amount of vegetable stain, notwithstanding that use 
is made of a slight quantity of sulphate of alumina in the 
unfiltered water. Our experience with the use of oxidizing 
agents leads us to believe that ozone as a decolorizing agent 
offers practically no hope for successful results at a reasonable 

While we are keenly interested in the development of the 
ozone process we have no hesitancy in stating to you in un- 
qualified terms that it has not reached a state of development 
where a city of the size of Montreal can afford, to figure on its 
installation under present conditions. 

New Ideas in Filter Cleaning 
One of the great novelties introduced during the past few 
years in connection with slow sand filtration is in the method 
of washing the sand. Originally the sand was scraped from 
slow sand filters by hand and removed by wheelbarrows to a 
point outside the filter, where it was washed and removed to 
the filter in the same way. In 1900 the city of Philadelphia be- 
gan the design of the largest filtration works in the world and 
in doing so provided for the removal of the dirty sand by port- 
able ejectors, employing water under pressure for transporting 
the sand to the sand washer. This method of ejecting sand 
has been copied by practically all the filter plants built since 
that time. Since 1909 the city of Washington has also been re- 
turning the washed sand to the filters by ejector hoppers similar 
to those used in removing it from the filters; a slow upward 
movement of filtered water through the sand in the bed being 
maintained while the washed sand is being placed by this 

Since 1907 there has been used at the small filter plants in 
the Borough of Brooklyn the so-called "Brooklyn method." 
In this the water is allowed to fall in the filter until it stands 



but a few inches above the sand surface, when outlets are 
opened which permit the water remaining above the surface to 
go to waste. The wash water is then applied at one end of 
the bed and is allowed to flow over the surface of the sand and 
escape into the drains, the direction of the flow being guided 
by boards set on edge, forming channels about 15 feet wide. 
As the water flows over the sand the surface is raked by men 
standing on the sand, this continuing until the wash water flows 
clear. Water is then applied through the usual inlets and filtra- 
tion is resumed. . 

Since then two other methods have come into use for wash- 
ing sand without removing it from the filter. The Nichols 
method, adopted at some of the Philadelphia filters in 1909, 
consists of ejecting dirty sand and water by an ordinary mov- 
able ejector hopper into a separator which is moved into the 
filter during the process of cleaning. This separator consists 
of a closed cylinder having a cone-shaped bottom in which are 
placed a valve and hose connections through which the sand 
is forced from the separator. The interior of the separator is 
arranged with a system of baffles and a disc, so that there is 
a down-flowing stream of sand and an up-flowing stream of 
wash water, and these are so proportioned that practically no 
sand is carried away in the wash water, which passes out at the 
top of the separator and is removed to a drain. The clean 
sand is discharged from the separator through a hose onto the 
surface of the filter from which the dirty sand has been re- 
moved. The separator is mounted on wheels and is moved 
from point to point in the filter as the cleaning progresses. 

A third method of cleaning the sand without removing it is 
known as the Blaisdell method. It was first tried at Yuma, 
Ariz., then at the experimental filtration plant at Jerome Park 
reservoir, New York, and is now in use at the recently com- 
pleted filtration works at Wilmington, Del. The plans for the 
filtration of New York's Croton water supply, which will be 
the largest plant in the world, are designed to provide for the 
use of the Blaisdell method. In this there is a washing ma- 
chine consisting of an inverted box which is sunk under the 
water in the filter to the filtering surface and is held in position 
and operated from a movable platform supported from the 
walls or piers of the filter. This box contains a revolving 
hollow axle and head from which perforated teeth project into 
the filter any desired distance. The box can be raised or 
lowered and the platform moved longitud- 
inally or laterally, all motions being elec- 
trically operated and controlled by one man. 
The box is moved over the surface of the 
filter while at the. same time the teeth are 
made to revolve slowly. Water under pres- 
sure is introduced through the axle, head 
and teeth, passing in fine streams into the 
box through the holes in the teeth. A cen- 
trifugal pump connected with the top of the 
box drains away a little more water than is 
supplied through the teeth and discharges it 
to a drain. 

January 4, 1911. 




Flushing Methods of Cleaning— Collecting Ashes and Garbage— Refuse Destruction by High and Low 
Temperature Furnaces — Garbage Utilization — Disposal Methods for Small Cities 

In the matter of street cleaning the most important develop- 
ments during the year have been the increasing number of 
cities which have adopted the use of water for removing street 
dirt to the gutters, this ordinarily being effected by the use of 
special flushing machines. The principal advantages claimed 
for this are three — that it removes the dirt from the pavement 
without creating dust ; that it removes the fine dust much more 
completely than does any method of sweeping, and that it is 
cheaper. Certain city officials have objected to their use, 
however, claiming that deposits are formed in the sewers and 
that the flushing washes filler from between the paving blocks 
of whatever substance and hastens their destruction. It is to 
be hoped that within another year some actual data on these 
points may be obtainable ; also on the matter of cost, only a 
few cities apparently having made accurate estimates of the 
relative costs of the different processes. Xew York City has 
made extensive tests of this, which appear to demonstrate the 
lower cost of the flushing method of cleaning. 

Every few months sees patents obtained for more or less 
complicated machines for both collecting and removing street 
dirt : the general principal in all being that of a revolving brush 
which sweeps the dirt onto a moving belt, moving buckets or 
some such contrivance, which raises it and deposits it into 
cans, which are removed from the wagon when full : or in 
some cases the dust is thrown by the broom to the bottom of 

from each house the can as well as the garbage it contains has, 
we believe, been abandoned because of the great cost of the 
m due to the capacity and number of collecting wagons 
required, and the necessity of duplicate sets of cans. The city 
of Minneapolis requires all garbage to be drained and then 
wrapped in paper before being placed in the cans. This both 
prevents the garbage from decomposing rapidly and to a con- 
siderable extent keeps the can clean, thus minimizing the odors. 
We do not know that this idea has been adopted by any other 

Considerable progress is being made, in the larger cities at 
least, in systematizing the removal of city refuse of all kinds 
and reducing to a minimum the amount of street haul required. 
This is effected by establishing a number of collecting stations 
throughout the city, each in the center of a fixed area to which 
all the refuse from that area is conveyed by horse-drawn or 
motor wagons. At these stations the material is discharged into 
cars drawn by either steam of electric motors, as branches of 
either a trolley road or a steam road, and in these cars is taken 
to some one point for treatment or to a distant section for use 
in filling land or otherwise being disposed of. With open gar- 
bage carts and uncovered dust carts this would make each col- 
lecting station a nuisance to the neighborhood; but, if properly 
covered carts are employed, this can be avoided, the station 
itself being a fully enclosed and ventilated building. 


a suction pipe, where it is drawn up by air suction and collects 
in tanks either by gravity or precipitated by fine spray. So far 
as we can learn, only one or two of these various machines 
have met with any success — in fact, most of them have never 
been actually tried. This journal is continually receiving in- 
quiries concerning such machines, however, indicating that when 
one arrives which is really practicable and economical it will 
find considerable sale. 

In the matter of collection of ashes and garbage some pro- 
gress is being made, but not nearly as much as is desirable: one 
of the greatest nuisances now encountered in city streets being 
the dust from the ash collecting wagon and the unpleasant 
odors from garbage wagons. In this line also some inventions 
are being made, however; two or three wagons having been 
described by us which are so designed as to make it almost 
impossible to uncover the garbage wagon at an) time except 
when the buckets are being emptied therein ; but these have 
not come into general use outside of the cities where they 
originated. The method tried in two or three cities of removing 

More change is perhaps being made in the practice of dis- 
puting of refuse than in the methods of collecting and trans- 
porting; the most important one being the increasing use of 
the English high temperature furnaces, or those in which the 
temperature is raised to at least 1,500 to 1,700 degrees, as 
compared with furnaces in which the temperature seldom 
reaches 1,000 degrees; it being claimed by the advocates of the 
former that such high temperature is necessary to prevent the 
clinker from containing organic matter not fully incinerated, 
and the discharge of gases from the stack not entirely deprived 
of their odors. Such plants have been established at the 
Borough of Richmond, X. Y., Seattle, Wash., Montreal and 
Vancouver, Can., Milwaukee, Wis., and Montgomery, Ala., and 
bids for the same for the city of San Francisco were received 
a few weeks ago. In each of these it is claimed as one of the 
advantages that a part of the heat created by the burning of the 
refuse can be utilized for power purposes; but so far the 
Montreal pla^ appears to be the only one on this ;ide of the 
Atlantic wb~ Any real use lias been made of this i 1 at. 



Vol. XXX., No. i. 

Air Admittance Holes 

Mixing and Feeding Floor 

Dam/ <er 


A method of disposing of garbage which seems to he prac- 
ticable for large cities only is reduction by which the grease 
contained in the garbage is separated out and used for high- 
grade soaps, and the remaining portion is used by fertilizer 
manufacturers. The plants for this process are expensive, but 
when the amount of garbage to be treated is sufficiently great 
to keep a large plant in full service, there appears to be some 
actual profit in its operation. Most of these plants are in private 
hands, and receive a payment from the city for disposing of 
the garbage. However, two large cities now own utilization 
plants, Cleveland, O., having purchased one four or five years 
ago and later enlarged it, and Columbus having constructed one 
outright from plans prepared by experts. 

In our issue of March 30th other methods of utilizing garbage 
were suggested, one of these, a plan employed in France, being 
that of composting and compressing garbage to be used by 
farmers as fertilizer, which might be adopted in the large 
cities of this country where market gardeners might find use 
for such fertilizer in intensive farming. Another idea is that 

of using the combined ashes, garbage and rubbish for the 
manufacture of producer gas, which gas could then be used 
for operating electric lighting or power plants. So far as we 
know, this method has never been tried. 

Jn general it may be said that the methods of incinerating 
garbage or utilizing it by extracting the grease can be employed 
only by large cities where the quantities of garbage are con- 
siderable; or else — an idea which we believe has not yet been 
put into practice — of collecting the garbage from a number of 
small towns into special railway cars, which could be filled at 
a collection station located in each town, these cars then being 
carried by rail to a centrally located utilization or incinerating 
plant operated either in common by the several municipalities, or 
by a company which should arrange with these municipalities 
for such service. 

For the smaller cities, say those of less than 25,000 to 40,000 
population, other methods must generally be found for dis- 
posing of the refuse ; although it may be said that low temper- 
ature furnaces have been used by much smaller communities, 



January 4, 191 1. 



their use being common in the army posts of the United States, 
and when properly operated, these small furnaces have given 
very good satisfaction. For the small community, however, 
methods are available which are ordinarily cheaper than incin- 
eration or utilization, but which would not be practicable for 
the large city. The only ones which can be commended are 
burying in the soil and feeding to hogs. If fed to hogs, the 
garbage should be fresh when so fed, which means that it 
must be collected regularly at intervals of not more than two 
or three days in winter and daily in summer, and must be fed 
to the hogs without being stored on the farmer's premises long 
enough to even begin putrefaction. Some small communities in 
\'ew England and also in Great Britain find this method satis- 
factory. When buried in the soil the garbage may be either 
spread broadcast and plowed under as a fertilizer, or it may 
be deposited in trenches to a depth of one or two feet and then 
covered with about 12 inches of soil, which may be that 
excavated from a parallel trench a few feet away. Garbage 
thus covered will slowly be reduced without offensive odors, 
the comparatively light covering of earth permitting the access 
of some oxygen. This reduction underground requires some 
time. If garbage is covered with a considerable depth of earth, 
ashes, etc., it may not reach a stable condition for many years 
and it would be unsafe to build residences upon land filled in 
in this way. 

Experience of practically all cities seems to have demon- 
strated that it is very difficult to permit garbage to be col- 
lected by farmers and other private parties and so regulate 

collectors that collections will be made regular and that no 
nuisance will be created in the city streets. It is therefore 
generally found that collection by the municipality is desirable, 
even where the garbage is privately disposed of or is taken by 
farmers; some cities collecting the garbage and delivering the 
same to farmers at stations along the outskirts of the city. 

It is becoming quite generally recognized that practice along 
any lines which can be considered as progressive demands the 
study of the problem by those who have more knowledge of the 
subject than can be possessed by a city official, unless he himself 
has previously made a special study of the subject. It is con- 
sequently desirable that the question be submitted to engineers 
or other practical men who have had wide experience or made 
broad investigation of the subject. This should include not 
only the designing of plants, but also the location of them and 
the methods of collecting the refuse. These last are especially 
important since the cost of collecting refuse and transporting 
it to the furnace or incinerator is usually greater than the cost 
of disposing of it at these plants, and the difference between a 
proper and improper location of plant and method of disposal 
may mean a difference of thousands of dollars each year in the 
demands upon the city treasury. But most important of all, per- 
haps, in connection with incineration, is the skillful operation 
of the plant. The majority of plants fall far short of their 
intended efficiency and economy because they are put in charge 
of inexperienced, careless and ignorant men, who will work 
for low salaries, but do not earn even those. 


Increasingly General Adoption of Electricity — Disadvantages of Gas — Efficiency of Electric Lamps Doubled 
in Last Five Years — Proportioning Illumination to Street Needs — Location of Lamps 

Progress during the past year or two has been made in the 
efficiency of street lights used, in the brilliancy of illumination 
and in the more effective general illumination of city streets. 
The greater part of the brilliant illumination has been confined 
to business streets and is largely due to private initiative, and 
in the majority of cases is supported by private funds. 

Although in several respects gas lamps give a more pleasing 
light and are better adapted to units of low illuminating power 
than electricity, improvements during the past few years in 
styles of lamps and what may be called the mechanical side 
of electric lighting generally has so increased the efficiency 
and decreased the cost of this kind of lighting that in the 
majority of cities gas cannot compete with it on equal terms. 
In spite of the introduction of the gas arc and the incan- 
descent mantle for street illumination, these have not been 
adopted as generally during the past year as was the case a 
few years ago. The mantle gives greater brilliancy at less 
cost than the open flame, but the cost of replacing mantles 
and the greater care necessary in lighting and attention to 
keeping the lamps in order largely offset this advantage. The 
facility with which wires can be strung at low cost for in- 
stalling new electric lights where wanted, as compared to the 
cost of laying gas mains and the delay and tearing up of 
streets required, are additional arguments in favor of electric 
lighting. Partly on account of the same objections, various 
kinds of lamps burning gas generated at each lamp from 
gasoline or other liquid are employed more or less commonly 
for outlying sections of cities and small communities not pro- 
vided with electric plants. 

One illustration of the competition which electric lighting 
companies are furnishing, as compared with gas lighting, is 
the fact that they can now furnish tungsten street lamps of 
the same candle-power as gas mantle burners at the same or 
lower cost. The tungsten incandescent lamps are made of 
various sizes for street lighting, generally from 32 to 250 
horizontal candle-power. They can be used on ordinary stand- 
ard series street lighting currents, the same as are already 

used for series arc and incandescent lamps ; their introduction 
is therefore a simple matter in most cities and does not re- 
quire a complete reconstruction of the plant. 

For brilliant lighting, several improvements in the electric 
arc have been made and brought to a point of commercial 
practicability quite recently. The first change from the old 
open arc lamp was the enclosed arc, which came into general 
use about ten or twelve years ago. This has a small enclosing 
globe around the arc, which makes the carbons last longer, 
makes the light more steady, and, although the total amount 
of light is reduced by the double globe, it gives somewhat 
greater candle-power for the same amount of energy in di- 
rections a little below the horizontal, which directions are most 
effective for street lighting. The latest arcs, the flaming and 
magnetite, are referred to at length in another article in this 
issue. The electrodes are not composed of carbon, but, in the 
case of the magnetite, one is of copper and the other of 
various metallic salts, including magnetite. It seems unques- 
tionable that the latter is a much more effective light, both as 
to actual brilliancy and in the number of candle-power, than 
the enclosed arc ; but its general introduction is greatly re- 
tarded by the fact that its adoption in old plants requires a 
complete change in the whole installation. The most common 
practice with the older arcs is the use of a 6.6 or 7.5 ampere 
alternating circuit current, whereas the magnetite arc is gen- 
erally used on a 4-ampere constant current direct-current cir- 
cuit. The change to magnetite lamp therefore involves new 
transformers at the generator plant and expensive mercury 
vapor rectifying apparatus for changing alternating to direct 
current at the power station. 

Another arc which is just beginning to bid for popular 
favor is the titanium carbide arc. This is more efficient than 
the magnetite, but the electrodes are more expensive, and, 
although it is adapted to operation on an alternating current 
circuit, existing alternating current standard transformers 
cannot be used, because these give a larger volume of current 
than is necessary for the titanium carbide arc. 



Vol. XXX., No. i. 

It is safe to say in general that the efficiency of the illumi- 
nants now available is about double that of those used five 
years ago, with the same cost per lamp — that is, the same 
appropriation per mile can now secure double the illumination. 

There are two general elements of street lighting, aside from 
the lamps to be used, which should receive more attention — in 
fact, which have not been sufficiently studied to make available 
the data needed for correct solution. One of these is the 
proportioning of illuminat'on to the requirements of each 
street ; the other is the location of the individual lamps. In 
designing a sewerage or water supply system, engineers care- 
fully consider the population to be supplied or other factors 
going to determine the local demands upon the system, and 
regulate the sizes of mains accordingly. Something the same 
study should be made in designing a lighting system. To draw 
a partial parallel between this and a water distribution system, 
the use of light as an aid to policing the streets may be com- 
pared to the fire protection afforded by the water system ; and 
the difficulty or importance of policing a given street should 
be recognized as an important factor in deciding upon the 
amount of illumination to be furnished. Streets frequented by 
a more or less unruly class or those where the temptations to 
robbery are greatest should be brightly lighted, even though 
the residents upon them do not ask or even wish this. In 
general, however, it may be said that probably the chief factor 
in deciding the amount of light should be the number of people 
using the street in question at night, such number occupying a 
similar place in this calculation to the population drawing upon 
the street mains in the case of water distribution system. The 
use of brilliant lighting on business streets, more than that 
■necessary to permit safe and convenient use of the sidewalks 
and roadways, is largely a demand of merchants for advertising 
purposes and usually is and probably should be paid for by 

In estimating upon the number or intensity of lights re- 
quired, the point considered should not be that at the lamp, 
where the light is brightest, but rather the points midway be- 
tween lamps, where there is the least illumination. Moreover, 
the fact that the eye is so constituted that the point fairly 
•well illuminated may appear dark when one is facing a bright 
light or has just passed one should be borne in mind: and 
this calls for as uniform illumination as possible. The exact 
amount of minimum illumination necessary for streets of vari- 
ous degrees of importance, as well as the relation between this 
and the intensity of the lights employed, are subjects which 
have never received the study which they deserve. It is to be 
hoped that some of our wealthier cities will appropriate funds 
and employ experts for making a systematic study of this 
point, as has been done in the case of sewage and water purifi- 
•cation, for instance. 

In the matter of location of lights, there are three general 
classes of localities, each with its own problem. In the open 
park or square the illumination is desired equally on all sides 
of one or more points which may be established for the loca- 
tion of lights. On the business or other streets devoid of trees 
the space which it is desired to illuminate is bounded by the 
houses on two sides, but is unlimited lengthwise of the street. 
In streets provided with shade trees the problem becomes much 
more difficult because of the interference of these with the 
■diffusion of the light. In general, it may be said that the first 
is especially favorable for the use of high-power lights ; that, 
in the second, lights of medium high intensity can be employed 
to advantage, but in the case of the third the interference of 
trees necessitates the multiplication of centers of illumination 
and consequently lower intensities. 

One thing which is not sufficiently realized is Jhe fact that 
the modern brilliant lights should be placed much higher above 
the sidewalk than they usually are, this both because the 
greater altitude permits a wider distribution of the light and 
consequently more illuminating efficiency, at the same time in- 
creasing the uniformity of illumination, and also because in 
this way is avoided much of the glare in the eyes of those 
•on the street level, which glare is not only unpleasant, but 
tends to make less effective to the observer the illumination 

of the street which is actually secured. Modern arc lights 
should be not less than approximately 25 feet above the surface; 
abroad 30 to 35 feet is common practice. Even the incan- 
descent gas lamps are usually placed too low, the temptation 
to economize by substituting them for the old open flame lamps 
on the same posts being largely responsible for the almost 
universal failure to give them the desired elevation. 

For outlying streets probably the best location for the bright- 
est lights is at the intersection of the roadway centers, where 
the illumination can be carried in all four directions; the 
brighter the light, the greater its height. Where the blocks 
are so long or the lights of such low candle-power that inter- 
mediate lamps are needed, these should ordinarily be of less 
intensity and placed lower, the presence of shade trees fre- 
quently making it desirable to use lamps of quite low candle- 
power placed along the curb and below the over-hanging 
branches. Under such conditions it will frequently, however, 
furnish better illumination, we believe, and be even more 
economical to provide, separate lamps for roadway and side- 
walk, suspending, say, one 60 to 100 candle-power tungsten 
lamp at considerable height in the center of the roadway mid- 
way of the block, and placing along the inside of each sidewalk 
as many low candle-power lamps as may be necessary for 
lighting it. Forty candle-power tungstens may be used where 
it is not desired to do much more than provide markers for 
the pathway ; but 60 or 80 candle-power tungstens would give 
much better illumination at little increased cost. 


Lighting by Private Enterprise — Decorative Lighting — 
Arches, Lamp Clusters and Brilliant Arcs — Tung- 
sten, Flaming Arc and Magnetite Lamps 

By E. L. ELLIOT, Editor The Illuminating Engineer 

The movement for better public lighting which began some 
five or six years ago has steadily gained in impetus until it has 
become so widespread as to amount almost to a public fad. 

Several factors have contributed to this general result. The 
marvelously impressive illuminations of the several world's 
fairs held in this country since 1893 ; the rapid growth and de- 
velopment of the electric sign; the large use made of illumina- 
tion in decorations for carnivals and civic celebrations, and 
the commercial introduction of electric lamps of vastly greater 
candle-power and efficiency than the older forms have all con- 
tributed to the common result. 

On the other hand, the time was ripe — even a little over- 
ripe perhaps — for a general reform in the matter of public 
lighting. America had undoubtedly fallen behind in this civic 
improvement as compared with European countries. Further- 
more, exterior lighting had been neglected, as compared with 
interior lighting, in which America unquestionably leads the 

Perhaps the most remarkable feature of the case is the 
extent to which the new public lighting has been installed and 
maintained by private enterprise. It seems that the public 
became convinced of its value so suddenly and so completely 
that it was too impatient of results to await the delays requisite 
to that degree of public education necessary to bring about 
the reform through the regular channels of politics and civic 
government. By far the larger part of all the installations of 
the new type that have been put in for the past five years owe 
their existence to the initiative of private citizens and civic 

It is worthy of note in this respect that during the past year 
there have been several definite attempts to turn over lighting 
installations that had been put in and maintained by private 
contributions to the charge of the cities in which they are 
located. This is the logical outcome of the general movement; 
sooner or later it is inevitable that the public lighting installa- 
tions that are now being maintained by private enterprise will 
become a public charge, the same as other civic improvements. 

January 4, 191 1. 



The difference between this and ordinary civic reforms is 
simply that private enterprise was willing to educate the public 
by actual object-lessons instead of waiting to persuade by argu- 
ment alone. Decorative, or, as it is frequently called, "White 
Way," lighting accomplishes two definite purposes — it furnishes 
2. better illumination, which facilitates trade and traffic, and it 
acts as a general advertisement for a city. Both of these pur- 
poses pertain to the city as a whole, and the expense involved 
is therefore properly chargeable to the public account. 

Minneapolis was one of the first large cities to put in an 
extensive decorative street lighting system as the result of 
private subscriptions. The installation has been increased from 
year to year, and it is generally conceded that it has enhanced 
real estate values in the sections lighted to such an extent as 
to make it profitable for the city to take over its maintenance 
on the basis of increased taxation alone, and an effort has 
been recently made to have the city take such action, the pri- 
vate citizens who contributed the installation being willing to 
■donate it to the city. 

Philadelphia is the most conspicuous example of a large city 
that has remodeled its lighting along modern lines within the 
past two years, almost entirely at public expense. New York 
City, which contains the original "Great White Way" and 
more miles of fine, modern street lighting systems than perhaps 
any other city in the world, is seldom given any special con- 
sideration, probably because it is a matter of course in the 
metropolis, and has not been used as a means of publicity, for 
the reason that New York does not need to use any special 
means of general advertising, the fact that it is the social and 
financial capital of America being sufficient. But this argument 
applies to no other American city, and it is quite as legitimate 
for the city or town to advertise itself as it is for the individual 
or corporation. 

What may be called the new public lighting has thus far 
been accomplished by three different methods — viz., arches or 
festoons of incandescent lamps over the streets; decorative lamp 
posts supporting clusters of tungsten lamps; and the new high- 
power arc lamps on decorative lamp posts placed along the 

One of the first, if not the first, decorative lighting system 
in the country was of the first-mentioned type — the arch, or 
festoon — and was put up in Columbus, Ohio, as the result of a 
temporary illumination for a public celebration. In the first 
years of the new street lighting movement a number of installa- 
tions* of this kind were put in, but the method has very gen- 
erally been discarded. It possesses several serious objections — 
the arches, or festoons, during the daytime cannot possibly be 
made decorative, and are usually positively ugly. In the even- 
ing the rows of light-sources give the street the appearance of 
being roofed over, thus creating the effect of a long, low- 
roofed building. While this arrangement of lights is satis- 
factory for street fairs and carnivals, it lacks the dignified 
effect which should characterize permanent municipal improve- 
ments. Very few installations of this kind have been put in 
during the year, and it is probable that the method will be 
entirely dropped in the near future. 

The use of lamp posts or standards of a more or less ornate 
design, according to the funds available, supporting a cluster 
(usually five) of tungsten lamps, has been most favored during 
the past year. The tungsten lamp has proven very satisfactory 
in its performance as a street lighting unit, and its use in the 
manner described meets the demand for decorative effect very 
fully. As commonly designed, the posts are provided with 
four projecting arms at the top, each supporting a lamp in a 
globe of diffusing glass, with a single lamp in the center. In 
the smaller towns the posts are so wired that the four lamps 
may be switched off at midnight, or any hour desired, and the 
single central lamp left burning for the remainder of the night. 
The effect of an installation of these posts placed fairly close 
together along the curbs is satisfactory both by day and by 
night. By daylight they suggest a long colonnade, which is 
more or less impressive, according to the character of the 
standards, and in any case is an embellishment to the street. 
At night the lamps add greatly to the effect of perspective, 

producing a vista that would be lost with the old methods of 
illumination ; the numerous light-sources, furthermore, add 
greatly to the general decorative effect, lending an air of dig- 
nified festivity to the scene. It is a significant fact that every 
installation of this kind that has been put in thus far has led 
to the extension of the system, which is the surest proof of its 
intrinsic merit. 

In considering the third system it may be of interest to state 
that at about the same time the new tungsten incandescent 
lamp made its appearance two new forms of arc lamps were 
also put upon the market. The first one to appear was the 
so-called "flaming arc," which was introduced from Germany. 
In this lamp the carbon electrodes used are charged with cer- 
tain chemicals, which are volatalized in the arc, producing a 
vapor filled with suspended particles, both of w]>ich become 
intensely luminous. With the carbons generally provided the 
color of the light is a deep, golden yellow. Lamps of this type 
not only produce five or six times as much light for a given 
amount of current as the old form of carbon arc, but give 
individually a proportionately greater volume of light. Owing 
to their distinct color and enormous light-power, these lamps 
are conspicuous objects wherever they are placed. Their one 
shortcoming is the fact that they require frequent trimming, a 
single set of carbons lasting from 15 to 17 hours, which means 
daily attention if they are to be run all night, or trimming 
every other day at the furthest. This has been one condition 
that has tended to retard their use for street illumination in 
this country, where labor is expensive. There has been a 
greater tendency shown to consider this lamp for the past year 
than any time previous, and there are now several quite ex- 
tensive installations. Newark, N. J. ; Atlanta, Ga., and some 
smaller Western cities have such installations, the first two 
dating back more than a year, however. Where brilliant illum- 
ination of the pavement and surrounding objects is desired 
rather than a multitude of light-sources, the flaming arc stands 
at the head of all electric lamps. 

The distinctly yellow color of the light of the flaming arc as 
generally used has met with some objection as giving too great 
a contrast with the carbon arc and the tungsten lamp, both of 
which are often in close proximity in private installations ; 
and also as being too near to the lurid and spectacular. The 
use of carbons giving a nearly pure white light, which har- 
monizes perfectly with the tungsten lamp, is consequently com- 
ing into favor. Trial installations of this kind have been put 
up in the two open squares at the termini of the White Way 
section of Broadway and are eminently satisfactory. Copley 
Square, Boston, is another example of flaming arc illumination 
which demonstrates the special adaptability of this type of 
lamp to the lighting of large open spaces. Efforts are being 
made to obviate the one fault of the short life of the carbons 
of the flaming arc, with much promise of success; and if this 
can be accomplished the flaming arc will rapidly forge ahead 
as a luminant for wide streets and open squares. Even with 
its present handicap, it can successfully compete with all other 
light-sources for this class of lighting. 

The latest of the new electric lamps, the so-called "luminous 
arc," or magnetite lamp, has made rapid strides in public use 
during the past year. In this lamp the electrodes are of two 
different substances — the positive, which is the source of light, 
consisting of an iron tube filled with magnetite (black oxide 
of iron) ; the negative being a simple copper rod. In efficiency 
of light production the luminous arc stands about midway be- 
tween the carbon arc and the flaming arc. It has the advantage, 
however, of being of the long-burning type, and this has done 
much to bring it into favor with the lighting companies. This 
is partly offset by the fact that it can be used only on direct- 
current circuits, which necessitates certain additional expenses 
in transmission. The luminous arc has one very serious fault, 
from the illuminating engineering, or, perhaps we would better 
say, the hygienic standpoint; it is the most intensely glaring of 
all commercial light-sources. The light is a cold, blue-white 
color and contains a large amount of violet and ultra-violet 
rays, which are the most trying of all radiations to the eyes. 
The ultra-violet — invisible — rays are largely filtered out by the 


Vol. XXX., No. i. 

glass globe with which the lamps are provided ; but it is a 
remarkable tact, in view of the known danger of glare of any 
kind, and especially from light of this quality, that in most 
installations of this type of lamp clear globes are used. As a 
result, what otherwise might be a brilliant but soft white illum- 
ination is only a blinding glare of intolerably dazzling lights. 
Without the use of a heavily frosted or fairly dense opal globe 
the luminous arc lamp is unfit for use as an illuminant. 
Toledo, St. Louis, Baltimore and Syracuse are among the cities 
having large installations of luminous arcs. 

One of the curious aspects of the movement for better public 
lighting in this country is the complete monopoly of the field 
by the electric light; gas has been entirely sidetracked. This 
is the more curious from the fact that the most brilliant public 
lighting in the world is produced by gas — in Berlin, Germany; 
and gas fully holds its own for this purpose throughout Europe. 
Notwithstanding the revolutionary improvements in electric 
lamps, the modern gas lamp — which also represents some sub- 
stantial if not so spectacular improvements — still has a decided 
lead over its electrical competitors in point of economy of 
cost, while in quality of illumination it has never had a 
superior. The explanation of this fact may probably be found 

in certain commercial conditions which prevail in America and 

also to the lack of enterprise on the part of the gas companies, 
who have let the case go by default. While there are some 
signs that gas may make a showing in this field in the future, 
it is not likely to regain any large portion of the ground already 
surrendered. Those who arc looking over the various avail- 
able light-sources for decorative public lighting should not 
leave gas out of the list, however, for it is not out of the race 
by reason of its own limitations. 

While we have spoken only of the progress of decorative, or 
spectacular, lighting, it must not be inferred that the less con- 
spicuous but equally important field of general street lighting 
has been neglected during the year. It is inevitable that the 
public interest aroused by special installations should result in 
general improvements : and such has been the case. One not- 
able innovation is the extension of street lighting to interurban 
country roads. A beginning has been made in this direction, 
and where the ending will be it were rash to prophesy. 

In conclusion, it may be said that the movement for better 
public lighting has shown steady progress during the year just 
past, and that the year to come is sure to witness a continuation 
of this very desirable improvement. 


Materials in Common Use, and Where Each Is Most Effective — Improvements in Construction Details- 
Bituminous Binders for Broken Stone Roads — Experience Not yet Crystallized — Importance of Aggregate 

Considerable progress has been made during the past few 
months in certain details of several of the older pavements ; 
also a better understanding of the conditions under which each 
of these is most applicable and serviceable. In general it may 
be said that for very heavy hauling there is no substitute for 
granite block pavements. For ordinary heavy hauling, sand- 
stone block, the best construction of brick, wood block and 
concrete are particularly fitted. For medium heavy traffic, sheet 
asphalt and asphalt block, brick (which may be given a lighter 
construction than when used for the heaviest traffic), wood 
block, or bitulithic are generally selected; wood block where 
noiselessness is an important consideration. Granite, sandstone 
and concrete can be used satisfactorily on any ordinary city 
grades; brick also can be so used, especially if beveled edges 
or depressed joints be used on the steeper grades. Wood 
block and asphalt, since they both present a very smooth sur- 
face without joint depressions, are apt to give trouhle on grades 
of over 3 to s per cent. Asphalt block is in some cases used 
as being less slippery than sheet asphalt ; and bitulithic is gen- 
erally even less slippery than asphalt block. 

For light traffic city streets and surburban roads, brick and 
bitulithic are used where a fairly expensive construction is 
warranted by the amount of traffic; but in the majority of cases 
broken stone is used, generally combined with a bituminous 
binder in the form of so-called bituminous macadam or bit- 
uminous concrete in the more recent construction. For ordin- 
ary country roads bituminous macadam is now being com- 
monly used, the bitumen being either mixed with the aggregate 
or applied upon the surface, or as the cheapest improvement, 
either bituminous or hygroscopic dust layers are applied to 
ordinary broken stone roads. 

In the matter of details of construction, there are certain 
improvements in practice which have been adopted more or less 
generally during the past .few months. In the case of granite 
block pavement, the best pavements are now being laid with 
blocks squared much more truly than heretofore and laid with 
comparatively close joints, the same being filled flush with the 
pavement with Portland cement grout. These pavements are 
much smoother and less noisy than the old rough granite block 
pavements, and probably will prove more durable also. 

In the laying of other block pavements, whether of stone, 
brick, wood or asphalt, it is doubtful whether any conditions 
warrant the use of sand for filling ilie joints, but Portland 
cement or bituminous filler should be used in all cases. The 
only possible exceptions would be where the paving is confes- 
sedly laid as a temporary one with the idea of replacing it within 
a year or two. 

It is the function of all these materials to take the wear 
and the blows and transmit the pressure of traffic to the founda- 
tion, but not themselves to carry the loads. Consequently, 
unless the soil is a solid, compact one which has never been 
disturbed or, if disturbed, has been thoroughly settled, a con- 
crete foundation should be used; and this is also necessary 
where excavations for house connections or other trenches are 
to be dug and pavement replaced over them. In streets where 
there is little of such excavating, and where the soil is fairly 
firm, however, pavements of brick or stone blocks laid without 
a concrete foundation have given good satisfaction, especially 
if the soil be compacted by the addition of more or less gravel 
and a thorough rolling with a heavy steam roller; or, better 
still, if a foundation of macadam be laid. 

Brick street construction has practically been reduced to stan- 
dard uniform methods, but effort is being made to improve 
the methods of testing the brick themselves, and it is hoped that 
during the coming year a much more satisfactory rattler test 
will have been settled upon. 

The construction of sheet asphalt pavements some years ago 
reached the point where a general standard was universally 
adopted. However, during the past few years artificial as- 
phalts, or those obtained by distillation from asphaltic oils, have 
come into quite general use and modifications of the mixtures 
employed have necessarily been adapted to the different forms 
and grades of such artificial asphalts. 

Wood block paving has been increasing in popularity during 
the past year more than ever before, and there are many more 
firms competing for the business. As has been the case from 
the first, southern yellow pine is the most popular wood (origi- 
nally long leaf yellow pine was demanded, but there is little of 
this now available and, moreover, it is generally believed that 
the short leaf gives practically as good service). Certain other 

January 4, 191 1. 


woods have appeared as competitors with yellow pine, however, 
for paving blocks, the most promising of these in the north 
being tamarack. None of these, however, has stood the test 
of sufficient time to demonstrate its worth. In the matter of 
the preservative to be used for wood blocks there is a radical 
disagreement and animated dispute among experts and manu- 
facturers, the principal points of difference being as to the de- 
sirability of permitting the use of any creosote except that de- 
rived from pure coal tar, and the specific gravity which should 
be demanded, whether this should be slightly below or slightly 
above 1.10. It is claimed by certain manufacturers (and de- 
nied by others) that the cresote preservative required by certain 
of the more recent specifications is a monopoly in this country 
and can be obtained from only one firm, if indeed it is obtain- 
able at all. 

While these details leading to more perfect use and adaptation 
of old paving materials are of great importance, the greatest 
amount of attention in the paving field has recently been de- 
voted to the use of bituminous substances as binders and dust 
layers in connection with broken stone roads. The entire matter 
is still in the experimental stage, although this does not mean 
that there is any doubt as to the possibilty of securing excellent 
results under proper manipulation. The questions which have 
not been satisfactorily settled are the proper principles of se- 
lection and manipulation of materials under varying conditions 
and requirments. In many cases bituminous treatment has given 
the best of satisfaction, in many others it has proved almost a 
total failure. It would seem that the determining factors must 
lie in the nature of the bitumen, the nature of the aggregate 
and the manner in which the two are combined. So far, each 
one of these has entered into the problem in different localities 
affected by so many varying conditions that no satisfactory 
solution has yet been reached. Little attention has been paid 
to the question of the aggregate, and it is possible that a 
more painstaking study of this may offer considerable help 
toward the solution. It cannot be said as yet, however, that 
there is any general unanimity of opinion as to the desirable 
characteristics of the bituminous binder to be used under any 
of the various conditions, nor as to the methods and propor- 
tions of applying this to or combining it with the aggregate. 
The United States Department of Agriculture, departments 
and bureaus of several of the States, together with many county 
and town highway departments, the engineers connected with 
companies making a business of road construction, chemical 
engineers and others are all working on the problem with more 
or less intelligence and with comparison of results among 
themselves, and it is hoped that the next year or two will see 
something like definite agreement on most points in place of 
the more or less chaotic conflict of opinions which appears to 
exist at present. 


Results on Columbus Experimental Road — Seventeen Materials 

and Methods Tested — Condition After 

a Year — Additional Experiments 


Girard, Kans., with a population of 2,800, for more than a 
year lighted its streets with 34 arc lights and numerous private 
lights on porches, in yards or over the sidewalks, the current 
for the latter being furnished by a municipal plant. There were 
still too many dark spots, however, and the cost of supplying 
current for the private lamps was disproportionately great. 
partly because these lamps were consuming current during 
several hours each day before dark and after dawn. The 
city is being conducted under the commission form of govern- 
ment, with a mayor and two commissioners, and owns and 
operates its own water and light plants. The commissioner of 
public utilities is now endeavoring to increase both the ef- 
fectiveness and the economy of street illumination by discon- 
tinuing the private lights, and installing in place of them 100- 
watt tungsten street series lights, one at each street intersection. 
These lamps cost less than $5 each and are operated on the 
arc light circuits. The cost in current consumption is approx- 
imately one fifth of that required for the arc lamps, while it 
gives a more satisfactory light. We are indebted to city clerk 
Fred A. Gerken for this information, which indicates com- 
mendably intelligent enterprise for so small a city. 

The Highway Department of Ohio, of which Mr. James C. 
Wonders is Commissioner, has recently issued a bulletin de- 
scribing the appearance early in the fill of this year of the 
several sections of an experimental road which was constructed 
by the department on Nelson avenue, Columbus. This is one 
of a number of experimental roads which have been built in 
various sections of the country, and several of which have been 
described in this journal. If properly conducted there should 
be much valuable information obtainable from such experi- 
mental roads, and their construction in various sections of the 
country is by no means unnecessary duplication of efforts, since 
methods or materials probably will not all act in the same way 
in different sections of the country where climate, traffic and 
even the mineral substances available for road metal may all 

So far the public have been informed concerning the con- 
struction of several of these, but little information has yet been 
available concerning the results obtained. This report is an 
excellent one not only because of the definiteness with which 
the condition is described, but also because of the excellent 
illustrations accompanying the same, being reproductions of 
photographs taken of the road material itself and not, as is 
the case with most photographs of roadway improvements, a 
picture of the scenery and surroundings of the road with little 
to indicate the condition of the surface itself unless this may 
be unusually uneven. The report contains photographs of 
each of the seventeen kinds of treatment, of which we produce 
the nine of which the photographs were the clearest, together 
with the report in full, which is as follows: 

The experimental road on Nelson avenue was constructed 
during the summer of 1909, and was described in Bulletin No. 
12 of the State Highway Department. The real value of this 
work will be found in the information that may be obtained as 
to the wearing qualities of the different methods of construc- 
tion that entered into it. At the end of a year's service most 
of the sections are in good condition, and in order that we may 
clearly present this condition to the reader, photographs have 
been made of typical parts of the surface of each section. 
These photographs were made by placing the camera vertically 
over the surface and at a height of about three feet. It is be- 
lieved that a better idea can be obtained from these pictures 
than it will be possible to present by written words. There 
was but little dust on any of the sections, but before making 
the photographs the surface was swept clean so as to clearly 
show the arrangement of the stones in the surface of the road 
and the manner in which the binder is holding them. A six- 
inch scale is shown on the plates. 

A description of the present condition of these sections fol- 
lows : 


Except for a brownish discoloration, this work has the ap- 
pearance of water-bound macadam. Undoubtedly the applica- 
tion of Glutrin hardened the surface at the time it was applied, 
but by the end of the winter this condition had disappeared. 
Good results could doubtless be obtained by the application of 
this material each year. 


This section is in good condition. The asphalt has exuded 
to the extent that it covers about one-half of the surface and 
shows plainly the marks of the horses' shoes. 


In this section all of the pieces of stone are perfectly bound. 
No excess of binder is in evidence, the surface is smooth, and 
its whole condition is excellent. 


Vol. XXX., No. i. 








The stones are all well bound in this section, and no excess 
of tar appears on the surface. 


This was the only bituminous surface treatment applied, and 
the result far surpassed our expectations. A thin coat of tar 
remains over the surface of the road. Its appearance is fine 
and it has been more nearly dustless than any of the other tar 
or asphalt-treated sections. 


On this section the stone forms the wearing surface, but it 
is all firmly bound in place. Its condition is very similar to 
that of Experiment Xo. 3. 

lar to that of a sheet asphalt pavement on an extremely warm 
day. The part thus covered is dustless and provides an ideaL 
road surface. 


This section is surfaced with Kentucky Rock Asphalt, and at 
the present time is in as fine a condition as the best sheet as- 
phalt pavement, and it is in better condition than when first 


This section is in good condition, in appearance being very 
similar to Experiment No. 4. 


This section has the appearance of a water-bound macadam, 



In the construction of this section the binder was applied on 
part of the work in one coat and on the remainder in two 
coats, but at the present time no difference in its condition can 
be observed. The stone now furnishes the wearing surface ; 
each piece is firmly bound and the condition of the section is 
very satisfactory. 


This section is in perfect condition, with the surface very 
similar to that of Experiment No. 3. 


About one-half of the surface of this section is covered with 
the binder, and on the remaining part the stone furnishes the 
wearing surface. Where the binder covers the surface of the 
road, the imprints of the horses' shoes show in a manner simi- 


and the addition of the cement to the binder has not produced 
any apparent benefit. 


The traveled surface of this section is in excellent condition. 
There seems to have been an excess of tar used as it has been 
bleeding at the sides until the surface of the ground is covered 
to a width of about two feet. 


With the beginning of the warm weather this summer, the 
asphalt exuded on the surface of this section to such an 
extent that vehicles avoided it, traveling in the ditches on both 
sides of the road. Its condition became so objectionable and 
so many complaints were received that we were obliged to 
have it repaired. It was accordingly covered to a depth of 
about two inches with screened gravel ranging in size from 




January 4, 191 1. 



one-eighth of an inch to one inch, which was well rolled with 
a ten-ton macadam roller. The cost of this repair, exclusive 
of the rolling, was $50.15. 

At the present time the road is rutted by the vehicles that 
pass over it. Outside of the line of ruts the gravel still covers 
the surface. • 


A few places at the joining of different days' work in this 
section are beginning to show the effects of wear. About one- 
half of the section is in a very good condition, and it indicates 
that a satisfactory road could be produced by the methods 
used in its construction. 


This section is in good condition and shows but very little 
signs of wear. The surface is sufficiently rough to afford a 
good footing for horses. 

The transverse cracks that developed last winter do not up 
to this time show any greater wear than the other parts of the 
road, the cracks showing only as lines across the surface. 
This section is dustless, and it is one of the most interesting 
of these experiments. 


The automobile travel has removed all of the binder that was 
left on the surface of this section. The larger stones in the 
macadam provide the wearing surface. They are all perfectly 
bound and the condition of the road is satisfactory. 

In order to provide a record of the wear on the different 
sections, levels were taken over the road soon after the com- 
pletion of the work. The points at which the levels were taken 
were carefully located so that it is possible to ascertain the 
amount of wear by releveling at any time. Readings were 
taken on the center line, and at four feet and eight feet, both 
east and west of centers, at five stations on each section, mak- 
ing a total of twenty-five readings on each section of four 
hundred feet. 

The work was releveled in September of this year, and the 
result shows approximately a year's wear. The wear is shown 
in hundredths of a foot in the annexed table, and the amounts 
are the average at five points in each section. 

Table Showing Wear on the Nelson Avenue Experimental Road 
One Year After Its Construction 
Section. 8 ft. east. 4 ft. east. Center line. 4 ft. west. 8 ft. west. 

1. Glutrin 07 ft. 

2. Standard asphalt .02 ft. 

3. Pioneer asphalt .07 ft. 

4. Tarvia "X" 02 ft. 

5. Tarvia "B" 08 ft. 

6. Indian asphalt.. .01 ft. 

7. Ugite 04 ft. 

8. Fairfield asphalt .04 ft. 

9. Asphaltoilene . . .OS ft 

10. Rock asphalt... .ooft. 

11. Carbo-Via 03 ft. 

12. Concrete M a - 

cadam 04 ft. 

13. Taroid 02 ft. 

14. Petrolithic 03 ft. 

15. Limestone Con- 

crete 04 ft. 

16. Gravel Concrete .00 ft. 

17. Water-bound Ma- 
cadam 01 ft. 

A census of the travel was also taken from July 31 to August 

13, 1910, and the results are recorded in the table at the foot 

of this page. 

Dakke County Experimental Road 

The department has this year constructed another experi- 
mental road in which it has experimented with tar and asphalt 
in binding the gravel of Darke County, taking for this purpose 
a section of road opposite the fair grounds at Greenville. This 
work was begun on July 20 and continued up to August [3 ol 

.07 ft. 

.00 ft. 

00 ft. 

.00 ft. 

.07 ft. 

.06 ft. 

.08 ft. 

.09 It. 

.07 ft. 

■05 ft. 

.03 ft. 

.03 ft. 

.04 ft. 

.04 ft. 

.05 ft. 

.03 ft. 

.04 ft. 

.03 ft. 

.00 ft. 

.00 ft. 

.03 ft. 

.01 ft. 

.03 ft. 

.02 ft. 

.05 ft. 

.05 ft. 

.03 ft. 

.os ft. 

.04 ft. 

.04 ft. 

.OS ft. 

.00 ft. 

.04 ft. 

.04 ft. 

.05 ft. 

.03 ft. 

.00 ft. 

.02 ft. 

.03 ft. 

.04 ft. 

.00 ft. 

.07 ft. 

.08 ft. 

.07 ft. 

05 ft. 

■ 05 ft. 

.01 ft. 

.00 ft. 

.01 ft. 

■03 ft. 

.00 ft. 

.00 ft. 

.01 ft. 

.06 ft. 

.00 ft. 

.00 ft. 

.06 ft. 

.02 ft. 

.00 ft. 

.00 ft. 

.00 ft. 

.00 ft. 

.00 ft. 

.01 ft. 

.03 ft. 

.03 ft. 

.01 ft. 

.01 ft. 

the present year. Nine hundred gallons of tarvia X and the 
same amount of Indian Refining Company's asphalt were used 
in the work. The only roller available was one weighing fif- 
teen tons, without water or coal, belonging to the city of 
Greenville. A ten-ton roller would, it was believed, have given 
better results, but none was available. The surface treated 
was uniformly 16 feet wide. There was a good bed of gravel 
on the old road and this was prepared for receiving the top 
course by spiking up the surface with the steam roller and 
harrowing and grading to bring it to the proper cross section, 
after which it was thoroughly rolled and watered. 

Six hundred feet of road was treated in six sections, these 
varying in length from 72 to 130 feet. The tarvia was applied 
at a temperature of 340 deg. to 400 deg. Fahr. and the asphalt 
at from 400 deg. to 450 deg. 

In the first section three inches of washed gravel was spread 
and rolled, and then about i]/ 2 gallons per square yard of tarvia 
X was applied. This was then covered with about one inch of 
J^-inch to 1 -inch gravel, which was allowed to stand over 
night and then rolled until buckling commenced. Three-fourths 
of a gallon of tarvia per square yard was then poured over 
the surface and a ^-inch layer of % to ^4-inch gravel was 
applied, and after standing over night this was rolled for one 
and one-half hours. Whenever tarvia was found to be "bleed- 
ing" in spots sufficient gravel was applied to these to take up 
the tar. 

In the second section the first two courses were prepared as 
in the first section, except that on top of the second course 
about one-half of the section was covered with one gallon per 
square yard of equal parts of tarvia and unrefined coal tar 
mixed, and the other half with three-quarters of a gallon per 
square yard of asphalt binder. The former was covered with 
•)4 inch of % to i^-inch gravel and the latter with l / 2 inch of 
boulder chips. This was rolled the next morning as in section 

The third section had a bottom course similar to the first 
section, except that 1^4 gallons of tarvia X per square yard 
was used in place of i l / 2 gallons. This was covered with 
34 inch of % to ^-inch gravel and rolled the next morning 
and then covered with $i gallon per square yard of tarvia X 
and this covered -34 i ncn with % to Y^-'mch gravel, which was 
rolled for two hours. 

The fourth section had a bottom course of 4 l / 2 inches of 
1 to 2-inch gravel with 30 per cent of broken boulders. This 
was poured with 2% gallons of asphalt binder covered with 
\V 2 inches of l / 2 to i^-inch gravel and rolled the next morning 
tor half an hour. It was then poured with -)4 gallon of asphalt 
binder and the north one-half was covered with Mj-inch to 
'/4-inch gravel and the southern half with *4 to i-inch boulder 
chips. This was rolled the next morning for about one-half 

The fifth section had a bottom course of i-inch to 2-inch 
crushed boulders spread four inches thick and partly filled with 
a clay filler, the filling being completed with limestone dust 
rolled in witli the steam roller until all voids were completely 
filled. This bottom course was then thoroughly watered and 
rolled until a grout appeared on the surface. Xext day it was 
again watered and rolled thoroughly, sand being added during 
the rolling. 

Tlie sixth section consisted of one course t<uir inches deep 
composed of i-inch to _>-inch watered gravel to which 30 per 
rent of crushed boulders had been added. The filling, watering 
and roll'ng were similar to that of the fifth section. 

In the case of the first four sections the rolling was con 

Table Showing the Daily Travel on Nelson Avenue Experimental Road from July 31 to August 13, 1910, Between the Hours of 

7 A. M. and 8 P. M. 

Days 31 

One-horse buggy 132 

Two-horse carriage 

One-horse wagon 1 fi 

Two-horse wagon 1 

Runabout automobile 63 

Touring car 70 

Motor cycle 21 

Horseback rider 6 

Total 3" 







4 3 









4 5 







! I 














1 10 


256 3,469 



Vol. XXX.. No. i. 

tinned in each case until buckling commenced. In addition 
to the rolling mentioned, the roller was run over the completed 
work each day until the last section was finished. One month 
after completion all of the road was in perfect condition except 
two or three small spots which had raveled in the part where 
unrefined tar had been mixed with the tarvia. 

The total cost of the experimental road work was $669.70. 
The gravel was furnished by the Greenville Gravel Company 
free of charge on board cars at their plant. The roller was 
hired from the city. The Indian Refining Company made no 
charge for the asphalt furnished by it. 


Assessment of Percentage of "Unearned Increments" in 

Land Values Proposed — Dividends Instead of Taxes 

— American and European Examples 

Under the title "Conservation in Municipalities," Hon Wm. 
Dudley Foulke, in a paper before the 1910 convention of the 
National Municipal League, presented arguments in favor of 
a city's profiting by the appreciation in value of the land within 
its boundaries due to its own growth. The justice of this 
and method of carrying out the idea he illustrated as follows : 

If my own city of Richmond, Ind., were not built the land 
on which it rests might be worth, for farm purposes, $100 or 
$150 an acre. Practically the whole present value of the land 
is conferred by the city, and if the city merely charged rent 
or interest upon the value it conferred it could collect more 
than our entire taxes and could give a considerable dividend, 
not only to land holders, but to those citizens who owned no 
land at all. All a city needs to do, if it starts out right, is to 
assess a proper percentage upon the unearned increment of the 
land it occupies. Now, what is that unearned increment? If 
I own a cheap lot in a remote suburb and do nothing with it, 
but the city expands in that direction and people build all around 
me, this adds to its value many times. I have done nothing 
myself to make it worth any more, but the people who come 
and build around me have done it all. Yet I get the increased 
value which I have not earned, and the city whose growth gave 
the value gets nothing except a trifling tax from year to year. 
The city ought to have that increase and make me pay rent 
upon it, instead of taxing other things which I earn myself. 
In other words, if the city taxes what the city gives at its proper 
value there need be no taxes imposed on what it does not give — 
upon the product of industry, such as buildings, improvements 
and personal property. 

I learned upon investigation that a city actually exists in this 
country where there are no taxes, and where all charges for 
necessary expenses are met in this manner. That is the city 
of Fairhope, on Mobile Ray. 

A few emigrants from Iowa settled there on a sandy beach. 
As others joined them they formed a corporation and they 
adopted the initiative and the referendum. The land was owned 
by the city as a whole, and leased to the citizens. When one 
of these paid into the treasury the annual ground rent for his 
leasehold and the cost of installing a telephone there were no 
further taxes. After a decade and a half that city is said to 
be prospering under this system. There are free schools, a 
water system without rates, a public dock, a free library and 
a telephone service with no charges, all established out of the 
ground rent after paying state and county taxes and the cost 
of administration and improvements. 

But our experience in this country is very meager compared 
with that of Europe. Orson, a town in Sweden, imposes no 
taxes. Moreover, the local railway is free to every citizen, and 
there is no charge for telephone service, schools, libraries and 
the like. This state! of affairs is due to the wisdom of a former 
generation that planted trees on all available ground. During 
the last thirty years the town authorities have sold young trees 
and timber to pay the city's expenses, and judjeious replantings 
have provided for a similar income in the future. 

An article by R. Ockel, in the JVestniinstcr Review, states 
that in Germany no fewer than 1,500 towns and villages own 
so much common land that their inhabitants pay neither rates 
nor taxes, and 500 of these have so great a rental from their 
lands that they can pay each citizen on New Year's day a 
bonus of from $25 to $100. Much of this income is derived 
from communal forest land. In Forbach, for instance, the 
communal church was built with a forest nursery and is sup- 
ported by a forest estate producing an income of $15,000 to 
$20,000 annually. In these European municipalities the trees are 

not cut faster than they are replaced by the growth of new 
timber, yet even thus the forest of the Swiss city of Zurich 
yields an annual income of $12 an acre. 

In general, a city without taxation can exist only where 
the municipality owns a considerable portion of its land and 
takes advantage of increased values. The city must be "caught 
young" to make such a result possible. Our American cities 
have not been caught young enough for that, but is there 
therefore nothing we can do to approximate such a consum- 
mation? If we cannot eliminate taxes can we not lessen them 
by the profitable investment and management of what the city 
yet owns or can acquire? It owns its streets, and these, under 
proper management, ought to be constantly increasing sources 
of revenue. 1 he right to use these streets for telegraphs, for 
telephones, for heating and lighting purposes, for water mains, 
for street car tracks, in short, for any profitable purpose, ought 
to be carefully guarded and the utmost possible secured by 
franchise from any person or corporation who uses them. In 
the past we have always been so eager to get the new system, 
gas, electricity, tramway or whatever it might be, that wc 
have granted franchises with little regard to the future growth 
in the value of our streets. This must now cease. There is 
just as much unearned increment in a system of street car 
tracks, of water mains or gas pipes as there is in a city lot. 
Each year its value increases with the growth of the city, the 
increase of patrons and the establishment of new connections. 
The franchise which ties up for a long period this use of the 
streets for a fixed sum is pretty certain to be one from which 
the city in the lapse of years is bound to lose. The term of a 
franchise ought therefore not be too long, and the price de- 
manded ought to be graduated so as to increase with the 
increasing value of the thing granted. The immediate result 
may seem unimportant, but it will not be long before the city 
begins to enjoy the providence which thus insures the participa- 
tion of the public in the increased values that the city itself 
confers. If we cannot catch our cities very young let us catch 
them before they grow any okler than they are. Many of the 
most important franchises are still to be granted and should be 
guarded in accordance with the best models, not only of our 
own country, but of cities abroad, where they do these things 
much better than we do them in America. 

A side light on the effect of population in increasing land 
values, and on the value of a life to the city, is shown by some 
remarks recently made by Mr. Frederic C. Howe, member of 
the Cleveland, O., Board of Assessors. He stated : 

We found that in ten years' time land values increased $177,- 
000,000, and that the population in the same time increased 
by 172,000. That is, that for every man, woman and child who 
came into the city during that period $1,000 was added to the 
value of the land. That is a fact of substantial value to the 
single taxer. We confirmed the estimate which has been fre- 
quently made that land values not only respond to population, 
but respond in a definite and discoverable ratio. 


We are continually receiving letters asking for the names of 
cities which have adopted the commission form of government, 
and offer the following list on the authority of the Short 
Ballot Organization. If there are any omissions we would be 
glad to be informed of them. 

Alabama: Birmingham. California: Berkeley, Modesto. 
Riverside. Colorado: Colorado Springs, Grand Junction. 
Idaho: Boise, Lewiston. Iowa: Burlington, Cedar Rapids, 
Des Moines, Fort Dodge, Keokuk, Marshalltown, Sioux City. 
Kansas: Abilene, Anthony, Coffeyville, Cherryvale, Caldwell, 
Emporia, Girard, Hutchinson, Independence. Iola, Kansas City, 
Leavenworth, Marion, Newton, Neodesha, Parsons, Pittsburg, 
Topeka, Wichita, Wellington. Louisiana: Shreveport. Massa- 
chusetts: Gloucester, Haverhill, Lynn. Taunton. Michigan: 
Port Huron. Minnesota: Mankato. Mississippi: Hattiesburg. 
Missouri: St. Joseph. New Mexico: Roswell. North Carolina: 
Charlotte. North Dakota: Bismarck, Mandan, Minot. Okla- 
homa: Ardmore, Bartlesville, Duncan, Enid, Miami, McAles- 
ter, Muskogee, Sapulpa, Tulsa, Wagoner. South Carolina: 
Columbia. South Dakola: Dell Rapids, Huron, Pierre, Rapid 
City, Sioux Falls, Vermilion, Yankton. Tennessee: Bristol, 
Clarksville, Etowah, Memphis, Richard City. Texas: Austin, 
Beaumont, Corpus Christi, Dallas, Denison, El Paso, Fort 
Worth, Galveston, Greenville, Houston, Kenedy, Lyford, 
Marshall, Marble Falls, Palestine, Port Lavaca, Sherman, San 
Antonio, Waco. Washington: Tacoma (modified). West 
Virginia: Bluefield, Huntington. Wisconsin: Eau Claire. 

January 4. ion- 



Municipal Journal 

and Engineer 


239 West Thirty-ninth Street, New York 

Telephone, 2046 Bryant, New York 

Western Office, 929 Monadnock Block, Chicago 

F. E. PUFFER, Assistant Editor 

Business Department 

S. W. HUME, President 

J. T. MORRIS, Manager. A. PRESCOTT FOLWELL, Secretary 


United States and possessions, Mexico, Cuba $3.00 per year 

All other countries 4.00 per year 

Entered as second-class matter, January 3, 1906, at the Post Office 
at New York, N. Y., under the Act of Congress of March 3, 1879. 

Subscribers are requested to notify us of changes of address, 
giving both old and new addresses. 

Contributions suitable for this paper, either In the form of 
■pecial articles or of letters discussing municipal matters, are 
Invited and paid for. 

Subscribers desiring information concerning municipal matters 
are requested to call upon MUNICIPAL JOURNAL AND ENGI- 
NEER, which has unusual facilities for furnishing the same, and 
will do so gladly and without cost. 

JANUARY 4, 191 1 


Sprinkling Filter Plant for Suburban Community (Illustrated). 

By Paul Hansen 1 

Sewerage and Sewage Disposal (Illustrated) 7 

Sewage Disposal Problems 9 

Purification of Water Supply (Illustrated) 11 

Street Cleaning and Refuse Disposal (Illustrated) 15 

Street Illumination 17 

Street Lighting During 1910. By E. L. Elliott 18 

Paving Streets and Roads 20 

Private Street Lighting Unsatisfactory 21 

Ohio Experimental Road Tests (Illustrated) 21 

City as a Business Proposition 24 

Cities Having Commission Government 24 

General Review and Outlook 25 

Our Aims and Purposes 25 

Sanitation at Lebanon, Pa 26 

Poplar Trees to Go. (Illustrated) 2fi 

Gas and Electric Street Lighting 26 

News of the Municipalities (Illustrated) 27 

Legal News — A Summary and Notes of Recent Decisions 34 

News of the Societies 35 

Personals 36 

Trade Notes 37 

Municipal Appliances (Illustrated) 38 

Patent Claims (Illustrated) 40 

The Week's Contract News 41 

New Incorporations 48 

General Review and Outlook 

A large part of this issue is devoted to a general statement 
of the present condition of knowledge and practice in connec- 
tion with the more important municipal utilities and functions. 
This, it appeared to us. would be more useful — especially to the 
new officials, whom in particular we had in mind — than a 
mere review of what had been done along each line during 
the year. In each case an effort has been made to explain 
what the most recent experiences have demonstrated can be 
done, and how. 

In every branch of municipal construction, invention and 

enterprise are more active than ever before. City officials 
are continually having urged upon them new methods and de- 
vices, many of them untried, and are at a loss how to choose. 
The only safe way is to obtain the decision of an unprejudiced 
expert. But it is believed that the synopses here presented 
will indicate what practices are unquestionably safe and what 
dangerous to adopt. 

t Our Aims and Purposes 

As this issue comes out at a time when a great many 
municipal officials are for the first time entering upon their 
new honors and duties, it seems timely for us to give for 
their information a statement regarding the purposes and aims 
of the Municipal Journal and Engineer. 

We endeavor to keep this the standard periodical for officials 
of cities and water works and other corporations conducting 
public utilities ; also for contractors engaged in constructing 
such work. We publish practical information of all kinds 
which will be useful to all of these in their official or business 
capacities, the news of municipal doings, and nothing else. 

The subjects covered include water supply, sewerage, street 
and road paving, cleaning and lighting, refuse disposal, public 
health and sanitation, police and fire protection, and others. 
While occasionally an article is published dealing in a tech- 
nical way with new ideas in engineering science as applied to 
municipal improvements, in the main the reading matter is 
expressed in plain terms which arc easily understood by 
mayors, councilmen, chairmen of committees and all others 
who are interested in municipal improvements. 

The contents consist each week of illustrated descriptive 
articles giving useful information concerning the subjects 
named above ; of current news regarding the various municipal 
doings of cities throughout the country; recent legal decisions; 
news of bids to be received and of contracts awarded; brief 
descriptions of appliances used in municipal work and of pat- 
ents recently granted for such; news of civic and technical so- 
cieties, and discussions between readers upon subjects of gen- 
eral interest. Once a month a carefully prepared index is 
published, giving information concerning every article dealing 
with municipal topics which appeared during the previous 
month in all American periodicals of any importance and many 
foreign ones, for the purpose that our readers may be kept in- 
formed of all current municipal literature. 

We realize that if the publication is to serve its readers in 
the best manner it is necessary that information be obtained 
from those who are actually doing things, and contributions 
are urgently solicited from such and gladly paid for. We 
desire this paper to be used as a medium of communication 
between all earnest men engaged in this field. It is not neces- 
sary that a contributor be a literary genius. Facts indicating 
how any problem connected with public necessities has been 
worked out are what are wanted. Just as you have profited 
by the experience of others, it is your duty to make puhlic 
such information as you possess which will help your fellow 
workers to overcome similar difficulties. 

Discussions of important subjects are requested, whatever 
the views expressed. While the editor has opinions of his 
own on most municipal subjects, and occasonally expresses 
them editorially, he does not allow them in any way to in- 
fluence him in the acceptance for publication of discussions or 
opinions sent in by correspondents. In fact, we desire to re- 
ceive and publish opinions differing from those expressed by 
ourselves in order that our readers may have both sides of all 
questions presented to them. 

We endeavor to furnish in these columns such information 
as our readers want. But it is impossible for us to anticipate 
the wants of all, and to meet individual needs this office acts 
as a Bureau of Municipal Information. When, for instance, 
an important subject is under consideration in any city and 
special information is desired regarding it, an inquiry addressed 
to the editor will be cheerfully and promptly answered. All 
subscribers are invited to make free use of this Bureau. 



Vol. XXX., \'o. i. 


1 it k city of Lebanon, Pa., is located over a limestone founda- 
tion which, like the surface strata of most limestone, is filled 
with crevices of greater or less width and depth. This forma- 
tion underlies a considerable part of northeastern Pennsylvania, 
and the practice throughout this section, as well as in Lebanon, 
has been to dispose of the waste water from houses by ex- 
cavating cesspools down to the rock at points where such 
crevices existed. The waste water poured into the cesspool 
then passed down into the crevice and disappeared so far as 
this property owner was concerned. 

Recently Lebanon has found, as have other cities which have 
followed the same practice, that the capacity of the rock for 
receiving the suspended matters in this waste water has its 
limits, and in a great many cases these crevices have refused 
to receive any more house wastes and it has been necessary to 
empty the cesspools by hand from above. In speaking of this. 
City Engineer T. R. Crowell says: ''For the last thirty-eight 
years we have been pouring into the ground an average of 
something over one million gallons a day. Now crude sewage 
is coming to the surface." This condition of affairs is to be 
remedied and the city expects to award a contract next Spring 
for sewering about one-fourth of the city. 

This method of disposing of sewage is not unique or peculiar 
to that section of Pennsylvania. There are at least two cities 
in the country — possibly more — which have constructed a sys- 
tem of sewers for removing the household wastes from prac- 
tically the entire city which discharges them into a crevice in 
the limestone rock. In at least one of these the crevice is 
becoming choked and another sewer outlet must be found. 

The limestone deposits also are utilized for the disposal of 
garbage in Lebanon, the garbage being as a rule collected by 
private arrangement with individual collectors who dispose of 
it sometimes in hollows formed by these limestone crevices, but 
perhaps more often in abandoned stone quarries. An effort is 
made to avoid a nuisance by covering these deposits with 
layers of earth. 

The voters at the last election gave a handsome majority in 
favor of bonds for constructing the sewerage system above 
referred to, and this encourages the city authorities to hope 
that they will be supported in further efforts toward improving 
and modernizing the sanitation of the city. 


At a recent meeting of the Board of Street and Water Com- 
missioners of the City of New- 
ark, N. J., a motion was passed 
requesting the Shade Tree Com- 
mission to discontinue their own 
planting of poplar trees on the 
city streets and to prohibit the 
planting of them by private in- 

This action was taken on ac- 
count of the large and increas- 
ing number of obstructions to 
the city sewers and particularly 
to the house connections by the 
roots of these trees penetrat ng 
the joints of the pipes. Out of 
56 obstructions of all kinds in 
house connections reported in 
1909 15 were caused by poplar 
roots. Up to the first of Decem- 
ber, 1910, 23 out of a total of 
64 obstructions since January 1 
had been from the same cause, 
and in November, 1910, the roots 
were responsible for 5 out of 
12 obstructions. 

4Jt stv-'m 

The accompanying photographs show two views of a root 
which had worked through the joints of a 6-inch house con- 
nection and through that into the 12-inch main sewer in the 
street. A [2-inch pipe with 6-inch branch is shown for com- 
parison. The tree stood at a distance of 19 feet from the point 
at which the root was removed. We are indebted to Mr. E. S. 
Rankin, Superintendent of Sewers, for the photographs and 




In six of the largest German cities — Berlin, Hamburg, Am- 
sterdam, Dresden, Charlottenburg and Cologne — the amounts 
of gas and electricity used for street lighting in 1908 were 
48,270,601 cubic meters of the former and 4,423,529 kw-hours 
of the latter. As a cubic meter of gas will furnish approxi- 
mately the same illumination as a kilowatt-hour of electricity, it 
is seen that gas was used for about ten times as much illumina- 
tion as electricity in all the cities combined, and the ratio 
varied from four in Charlottenburg to twenty-four in Ham- 

January 4, 191 1. 




Current Subjects of General Interest, Under Consideration by City Councils and Department Heads — Streets, 
Water Works, Lighting and Sanitary Matters — Fire and Police Items — Government and Finance 


State Takes Over Frederick Turnpike 

Annapolis, Md. — The State Reads Commission has paid 
$100,000 over to the stockholders of the Baltimore & Fred- 
erick Turnpike Company and taken possession of the old 
highway from Baltimore to Boonsboro, Washington 
County, a distance of 63 miles. The collection of toll has 
-ceased. Since the highway was begun early in the last 
century it has been a toll road,. and before the day of steam 
it was one of the most traveled thoroughfares in all the 
United States. 

Route Followed by Pioneers Superior for Modern Highway 

Fort Dodge, la. — H. Huebinger, a civil engineer in a 
party of men who are making a map of the Hawkeye High- 
way from Dubuque to Sioux City, declared the highway pre- 
sents 100 per cent better opportunities for good road making 
than does the river-to-river road from Rock Island to Coun- 
cil Bluffs. He commended the skill of the emigrants to the 
west in pioneer days in picking out a natural highway. 
Huebinger declared he has found but half the hills he found 
on the southern trans-State route and that the highway has 
•much better drainage than the southern route. Enthusiasm 
.along the route, he declared, is intense, already equaling 
that along the other river-to-river road. Residents along 
two roads from this city to Manson each signed long peti- 
tions to the township trustees. Huebinger and his party 
made a careful examination of both roads. 

Nearly $2,000,000 Expended en Streets 

Oakland, Cal. — Street improvements, including permanent 

pavements, macadam streets, sewers, sidewalks and culverts. 

have cost the city of Oakland $1,758,956.08 during the past 

year, according to Street Commissioner Walter C. Howe's 

annual report. The following figures show in detail the 

work accomplished and the cost: 

Miles Cost 

Permanent pavements, completed 1910 8.52 $603,986.17 

Permanent pavements, under contract 3.20 249.611.00 

Macadam, plain 11.80 238,323.01 

Macadam, oil 4.37 129,514.40 

_Macadarn streets, outside tracts 10.70 201,867.59 

Sewers, sanitary vitrified pipe 9.10 89,691.55 

Sewers, storm, reinforced concrete and vitri- 
fied pipe (Bd of Wks. contracts) 2.7 52,478.36 

Sidewalks (city permits) 21.2 73, 921.01 

Sidewalks, private tracts 20.4 56. 777. On 

Concrete culverts, etc 5,368. 0'i 

106.39 $1,758,956.08 
The increase in the amount of work over the year 1909 
is given as $229,517. In 190Q the cost of the work accom- 
plished was $1,529,439, and in 1910. $1,758,056.08. The report 
shows the following amounts expended in street cleaning on 
■macadam streets and material carted away: Number of 
"blocks cleaned, 5,860: number of load- of material carried 
away, 32,880; amount expended, $46,572: approximate cost 
per mile, $140 Fifty-six thousand miles of street watering 
was done at a cost of $530 per day. the cost for the year's 
work (200 days) being $106,000, or $190 per mile. The 
report shows a total mileage in improved and unimproved 
streets, including the annexed district, of 504.32. 

Separation of Grades in Cleveland 

Cleveland, Ohio. — The estimated cost of the Pennsylvania 
grade crossing improvement is $2,875,000. As the division 
of the expense is 65 per cent for the railroad to the city's 
35 per cent, the city will have to assume $912,000 of the 
expense. July 22 the electors of Cleveland at a special elec- 
tion authorized the expenditure of $2,000,000 for grade cross- 
ing improvements. The resolution declaring it to be the 
city's intention to proceed with the improvement has al- 
ready been made by Councilman Spooner. After it 
is adopted notices must be served on affected property own- 
ers and an ordinance authorizing the expenditure of the 
necessary funds must be passed. This must lie over for 60 
days in order to give citizens an opportunity to circulate 
and file a referendum petition. The referendum must be 
awaited because of the fact that piers are called for in the 
streets at a number of the crossings. 

Refuse to Pay for Patchwork Pavement 

York, Pa. — More trouble is in store for York in connec- 
tion with its "patchwork" asphalt paving on South George 
street, where some property owners refused to authorize 
the work and the contractors were instructed to pave before 
the residences of the others only. Property owners who 
had signed for the paving will now refuse to pay it, declar- 
ing that they had bargained for an improved highway and 
not for a checkerboard. Suit will probably be instituted. 

Plan for Grade Crossing Elimination in Salem 

Salem, Mass. — Engineer George W. Harriman, of the Bos- 
ton & Maine Railroad, has made the plan reproduced below, 
which has been approved by Council, for the elimination of 
grade crossings in Salem. The distance covered by the 
proposed new route is about 10,000 feet, of which some 7,000 
feet will be over land at present under the control of the 
railroad. The plan provides for four tracks to connect with 
the proposed four-track system from Boston to Beverly. 
The new line will diverge from the existing trunk line just 
south of the Broadway bridge, with no increase in curvature 
at Castle Hill, thence over the freight yards of the railroad 
on territory known as the Millpond reservation to the 
entrance of a subway beginning near the junction of Sum- 
mer and Margin streets, and extending along a line under 
Crombie and Sewell streets, with the northern terminal on 
Bridge street to the trunk line opposite March street. The 
plan provides that this subway shall be 75 feet wide, 16^2 
feet in the clear from trackbed to arch of the subway cover, 
with an 80-foot boulevard above, extending from Federal 
street to the southern end of the tunnel. The boulevard, 
it is claimed, will prove of inestimable value in opening up 
a large area of waste land in the congested section of the 
city and make probable the erection of a large number of 
desirable buildings for trade purposes, as it is the avowed 
policy of the Board of Trade to enlarge the zone of the 
retail trade section and make this city one of the largest 
trade centers in the State. That no harm will come from 
plans to enlarge the trade center by removal of the station 
to another site is illustrated by cities like New Haven, 
Portland. Hartford and other places where removal of sta- 
tions in no way disturbed long-established center* of trade. 





Vol. XXX., No. i. 

Boston Wants Teaming Tunnel 
Boston, Mass. — Former Alderman Giblin, of East Boston, 
chairman of the executive committee of the East Boston 
Improvement Association, says a tunnel for teaming be- 
tween tlie city proper and East Boston would solve the 
transportation problem of his district. lie says the ferry 
system has been run at a loss of $150,000 annually for 20 
years, and that this $150,000 loss would pay the interest on 
$1,600,000, the cost of building the tunnel, and also the cost 
of operation. This tunnel would have a capacity of 4,000 
teams per day. with escalators for pedestrians. He says 
that if a large lire started in East Boston the district would 
go before the apparatus could arrive from Boston proper 
over the ferries. 

Query as to Application of State Law to Grade Crossings 
New York, N. Y. — The city of New York will be out over 
$1,000,000 if a motion heard before Supreme Court Judge 
Paige is sustained. The Central Trust Company, as trustee 
for Jason Rogers, asked that the city be compelled to pay 
interest on an award for change of grade made in 1903, 
which award has just been affirmed by the courts. The 
trust company moved under a section of the State highway 
law passed by the last Legislature providing that interest 
must be paid in such cases from the time the physical 
change of grade was made. Charles J. Nehrbas, for the city, 
said the petitioners had the law passed themselves, but 
that they had their trouble for nothing because the State 
highway laws do not apply to the streets and avenues of 
New York, which are subject to special statutes. The inter- 
est in the present case amounts to only $15,000, but on 
other awards it would amount to more than $1,000,000, Mr. 
Nehrbas said. 



Denies that Imhoff Tank Infringes on Cameron Patent 
Atlanta, Ga. — City Attorney James L. Mayson has written 
the Cameron Septic Tank Company, Chicago, that acting on 
the advice of Dr. Rudolph Hering, the city's consulting engi- 
neer, and City Engineer R. M. Clayton, to the effect that 
the Imhoff system is not an infringement on the Cameron 
patents, there is nothing for the city to do but proceed with 
the construction of the sewage disposal plants along the 
lines recommended by Dr. Hering. 

Wants Bureau of Sanitary Engineering in State Department 

Austin, Tex. — In the annual report of Dr. Brumby, State 
Health Officer, attention is directed to the great need of 
active measures being taken to eliminate the now almost 
universal pollution of the soil through lack of sewerage and 
the prevalence of the open closet on the one hand and the 
contamination of our streams and waterways on the other 
as a plea to the establishment of a division of sanitary engi- 
neering in the Health Department, whose duty shall be the 
supervision of water and sewage nuisances and public 
building constructions. 

Think New York Sewer Suit Is Near an End 

Newark, N. J. — With the refusal of the United States 
Supreme Court to permit New York City to intervene in 
the suit brought by the State of New York against the State 
of New Jersey and the Passaic Valley Sewerage Commis- 
sion, the latter body is inclined to think that in the near 
future the entire litigation will be ended. 

Annual Inspection of Dairies 

Syracuse, N. Y. — Inspector Lees is now engaged in mak- 
ing the annual inspection of the more than 500 herds sup- 
plying Syracuse with milk. On this inspection every pro- 
ducer is given a score based on the conditions disclosed. 
If the score is not up to the requirements trhe milk from the 
farm will be barred from the city's supply. "For three 
years," said Inspector Lees, "we have been giving instruc- 
tions to the producers how they should keep their stables 
and cows and how they should cool, strain and otherwise 
handle the milk. Where the conditions were bad we have 
helped the farmers to remedy them and given the reasons. 
By this time they should know what is demanded, and if 
they do not care to come up to the requirements they have 
"illy themselves to blame." 

Value of Plants Increases under Commission 
.Austin, Tex. — City Commissioner E. C. I'artholcmew, in 
his monthly report on the earnings of the water and light 
plant, showed the property to be worth $732,877, with out- 
standing indebtedness of $145,730. The amount in cash 
reported on hand was $68,683, this amount having accumu- 
lated since Austin took the commission form of government, 
in spite of two reductions in the water and light rates by 
the commission, as well as the payment of $29,000 on the 
old dam debt. Austin has had the commission government 
less than two years, but its water and light plant makes a 
splendid showing under it. 

Ultimatum Regarding Filtration Plant 

Bellaire, O. — An order of the State Board of Health 
directing the city of Bellaire to place the filtration plant in 
operation has been received by Director of Public Service 
William Schramm. There is no other recourse for the 
city but to get busy and complete the plant at any cost. 
The matter has been in the hands of the State Board of 
Health for some time, and after investigating conditions in 
Bellaire, the Board decided the plant must be operated and 
laid the matter before Governor Harmon and Attorney 
General Denham, who approved the action of the board. 
The order is in the nature of an ultimatum and directs the 
city of Bellaire to have the plant in operation in six months 
after the order has been approved by the Governor and At- 
torney General. For failure to comply with the order, 
under the laws of Ohio, the city and city officials can be 
fined $500, and the statute further provides for the removal 
of such city officials as fail to carry out the instructions of 
the State Board of Health. The filtration plant was com- 
pleted about four years ago at a cost of $80,000, and it is 
estimated that it will require a considerable additional 
amount to place it in operation. 

Covered Reservoir Soon Ready to Use 

Brookline, Mass. — Brookline's new $100,000 covered reser- 
voir, which is to become a valuable adjunct of the high 
pressure service, is completed and within a short time will 
be ready for a partial filling of water which will be allowed 
to stand until the reservoir is brought into regular service 
next spring. The reservoir is located on the summit of 
Single Tree Hill, in the upper section of the town, which 
is generally considered an ideal place for it. The reservoir 
is 23 feet deep and 180 feet in diameter, with a holding 
capacity of 4,000,000 gallons. It is constructed wholly of 
concrete and reinforced steel, and practically forms a water- 
tight basin with a roof. The entire work has been com- 
pleted well within the appropriation. The outside of the 
reservoir has been given a shapely appearance by the use of 
loam, which has been graded and seeded. Work was started 
on the reservoir in May, 1909. The first thing that had to 
be done was to construct a roadway from Boylston street to 
the reservoir location. 

Competition for Municipal Water System in Colusa 

Colusa, Cal. — The Colusa water works has announced that 
it will continue to furnish water to its old customers, as in 
the past, and advises consumers that it is not necessary to 
make a change. The new municipal system is now in opera- 
tion and connections are being made. 

Fitchburg's Water Failing 

Fitchburg, Mass. — Meetinghouse pond, Westminster, from 
which the water for Fitchburg is being drawn, dropped eight 
inches during one week. Wachusett Lake, the usual source 
of supply, is not being drawn, but it has not filled up in a 
week and is not expected to. Fitchburg uses 4,000,000 gal- 
lons of water a day. The commissioners intend to serve 
notice on the consumers to use care. According to an 
estimate made by Superintendent Arthur W. F. Brown, of 
the water department, enough water remains in Meeting- 
house pond to supply Fitchburg about a month. That does 
not include the water below the pipe line. At the end of a 
month, if conditions do not change, pumping apparatus will 
have to be put in, at a heavy expense, to force the water 
from below the pipe line in Meetinghouse pond and at the 
lake into the service pipes, 

January 4, 191 1. 



Broken Main 56 Years Old 

Cincinnati, O. — The twenty-inch main which burst last 
week, tearing up Central avenue, between Fifth and Long- 
worth streets, for a hundred feet or more, was laid in 1854, 
according to the records found recently by Waterworks 
Superintendent Laidlaw, who had specimens of the broken 
pipe brought to his office for examination. Very little dam- 
age resulted from the break because the overflow ran down 
a steep street into the river, not far away. 

Water Famine Relieved by Private Works 

Port Chester, N. Y. — Residents of Port Chester, Rye and 
Greenwich awoke Dec. 22 to lind that their water supply 
had entirely failed. The towns have been supplied from the 
Rockwood Lake reservoir by the Greenwich Water Com- 
pany. Edmund C. Converse, a New York banker, came to 
the rescue of the towns by turning over his private lake 
on the Converse Manor estate for the use of the villagers. 
The lake was connected by piping with the Greenwich 
Water Company's mains, and the water which is being 
pumped in the reservoir is being supplied to the public. 
The Converse lake contains 350,000,000 gallons and will 
give the towns a supply of water for three months. Mr. 
Converse declined to take pay for the water. 
City Water Fever Cause 

Rutland, Vt. — In a report made to the Board of Alderman 
the State Board of Health declares that, as result of a hear- 
ing in this city a few weeks ago, when testimony was taken 
from doctors and a number of officials, and from previous 
investigations, they are of the unanimous opinion that Rut- 
land's recent typhoid fever epidemic, with its 80 cases and 
three deaths, was due primarily to the city water. It is 
pointed out that other factors such as milk and personal 
contact may have helped in the spread of the disease but 
that all the trouble for 10 years is primarily due to the 
water. The fact is cited that just prior to the last epidemic 
the examinations of Rutland water at the State Laboratory 
showed increased contamination. There is a good deal of 
feeling between certain doctors who lay the trouble to 
water and the city officials, who have made a big effort to 
prove their milk theory. The aldermen took no action on 
the report. 
Special Tax on Lots Having Unused House Connections 

Spokane, Wash. — As a result of a conference between 
Water Commissioner George W. Armstrong, Councilmen 
John Gray and A. J. Cartwright, an ordinance will be intro- 
duced in the City Council and urged for passage assessing 
a special water tax against every vacant lot in Spokane 
having city water available but not using it. The tax is 
expected to net the city $100,000 per year. That the city 
Water Department is facing bankruptcy within 10 years 
owing to immense expenditures for extending the system, 
from which no return is had from vacant property which 
is benefited by enhanced value, but which is not using the 
water, was the statement made by Mr. Armstrong to the 

Restricting Use of Water 

Waterbury, Conn. — The serious view taken by the City 
Engineer and the Board of Public Works regarding the city 
water supply was shown last week when a vote was passed 
instructing the Superintendent of Water to prohibit the 
running of hydraulic elevators in all buildings about the 
city. Clerk Lawlor was instructed to notify the two local 
hospitals that their employees should use every reasonable 
effort to conserve the city water now used by the hospitals 
and prevent its waste. The clerk was also instructed to 
notify the Board of Education to co-operate with the Water 
Department in preventing any waste of the water supply in 
the school buildings. 

An Unusual Water Supply 

Woodward, Okla. — The city has a peculiar source of water 
supply, believed to be of great value. State Geologist C. N. 
Gould pronounces the supply good from every standpoint, 
and unrivaled in America. Woodward itself has an eleva- 
tion of 2,000 feet, and the water range is more than 100 
above the city. It is a barren, sandy country, having a num- 
ber of springs, only a few of which are utilized. The level 
of the underground water rises to within a few feet of the 
ground over a wide area. It has been proposed to pipe 
water from this point even as far as Oklahoma City. 


Wants Sliding Scale of Charges for Gas and Electricity 

Baltimore, Md. — Mayor J. Barry Mahool has announced 
his intention of petitioning the Public Utilities Commission 
for the adoption of the sliding scale method of determining 
the general commercial rates in Baltimore for gas and 
electric service. Briefly stated, the plan provides for a cer- 
tain percentage of earnings which the company is allowed 
to earn on its capital stock after deducting as much as pos- 
sible of the watered portion of the company's capitalization. 
With such a percentage of earnings the plan provides that 
the company shall be allowed to charge a certain rate for 
gas or electricity which will, under economic administra- 
tion, produce these earnings. With such an arrangement 
as a starting point the plan provides that for every reduc- 
tion of a certain amount in the gas or electric rate the com- 
pany shall be allowed to increase its distribution to stock- 
holders 1 per cent. In other words, once established, the 
plan works automatically. 

Electric Lights in Prospect Park 

Brooklyn, N. Y. — Last week for the first time in its his- 
tory Prospect Park had a modern, artistic system of 
illumination. Up till now the illumination of the park at 
night has been supplied by 150 gasoline lamps, mounted on 
posts of no particular artistic value. C. F. Lacombe, chief 
engineer of lighting and power, was possibly the chief 
instrumentality in bringing about the change, replacing the 
gasoline lamps with 750 ornamental iron posts, surmounted 
by symmetrical lanterns, in each one of which is inclosed 
an 85-watt tungsten electric incandescent lamp. The design 
of the posts is the work of the Municipal Art Commission, 
and is practically the same in appearance as the one used in 
Central Park, although there are some improvements in the 
mechanical construction which make it easier and simpler 
to clean the lanterns and substitute new lamps for old. 
Along all the drives these posts are placed 100 feet apart 
on alternate sides of the road. On the walks they are 
installed according to the best judgment of the engineers. 
One advantage these electric lamps possess over the old 
gas lamps is that it is so much easier and more economical 
to light them. Whereas it was necessary to light each gas 
jet separately by hand, the electric lamps are controlled in 
groups of from 20 to 50, according to location and distance 
apart. Thus as many as 50 lamps are lighted instan- 
taneously from one point. 

Street Gas Lamps Operated at Loss 

Cincinnati, O. — President N. G. Kenan, of the Union Gas 
and Electric Company, has sent a letter to Service Director 
Sundmaker, in which he states that his company has hith- 
erto operated the street gas lamps at a loss and that any 
contract made for the future must be at a much higher 
price. The maintenance charge hitherto has been $5, and 
this includes lighting and extinguishing gas lamps, cleaning 
globes and repairs to service pipes. 

Fails to Sell Bonds for Lighting Plant 

Marion, Ind. — Not a single bid was offered for the $50,000 
issue of 4 per cent bonds offered by the city of Marion for 
the construction of a municipal light plant, at the meeting 
of the City Council, at the time set for opening bids for the 
bonds. It is said the reason no bids were offered was be- 
cause the City Council had failed to rescind a former order 
of bond issue, on which the Fletcher National Bank, of 
Indianapolis, had bid $325 premium on a $75,000 issue of 4 
per cent bonds to be issued for the same purpose as those 
offered recently. The Fletcher National Bank later recalled 
its bid, for the reason that information had reached the 
buyers that the taxpayers of Marion proposed to contest 
the bond issue. Edward Herbel, Councilman at Large, 
charged that "somebody had been putting a rail in the 
wheel to stop the progress of the municipal light bond 
issue." Though Marion owns a municipal plant for street 
lighting, the question of the city's maintaining, a plant for 
commercial lighting carried at the ratio of five to one in a 
city election four years ago. The Marion Light and Heat- 
ing Company, a plant of the American Gas and Electric 
Company of New Jersey, supplies Marion with commercial 
lighting at to cents a kilowatt hour. 



Vol. XXX., Xo. r. 

Gas Supply Flows Into Open Air 

Bridgeton, X. J. — A stoppage in some of the outlets of 
the Bridgeton Gaslighl Company's plant was discovered 
December 27, and there was imminent danger of a terrific 
explosion that would wreck the plant and damage a good 
part of the city. The employees were kept constantly busy 
all day watching the gas', allowing thousands and thousands 
of feel to escape into the open air. The tanks were thus 
nearly emptied, and people dependent upon gas for illumina- 
tion were obliged to dig up oil lamps and candles. Many 
people had no lamps, and there was a rush to the stores 
for them, practically everything in the line being sold. 

City Light Plant in Bad Repair 

Marion, Ind. — Superintendent Weesner has reported to 
the Board of Works that the lighting plant is in a bad state 
of repair and the boilers are so weak that he has had to 
order the steam pressure reduced from 100 to 90 pounds. 
Moreover, he says that one boiler is in such bad shape that 
he is afraid the State Boiler Inspector will soon order its 
use discontinued. 

New Street Lights 

Philadelphia, Pa. — Market street between Fifty-first and 
Fifty-third streets was made bright as day on December 
26, when the new high-power gas lamps, which have been 
installed at short intervals along the sidewalk, were lighted 
for the first time. From now on this section, which is 
West Philadelphia's busiest center, will be illuminated 
nightly. Since the elevated railroad was placed along the 
street several places have been in its shadow, but the new 
lamps will dispel all darkness. The lamps have been placed 
on the street through the efforts of the merchants whose 
stores line the thoroughfare, led by Frank L. Davis, chair- 
man of the Executive Committee of the Fifty-second and 
Market Streets Business Men's Association. The property 
owners have paid one-half of the cost of installation and 
the merchants the other half. An agreement was then 
made with the United Gas Improvement Company, where- 
by the gas company erected new poles of a pattern not 
heretofore seen in this city. They are in the shape of a 
shepherd's crook and are most attractive in appearance. 
Each pole carries an incandescent lamp of great power. 

Strawberry Point Has Electric Lights 

Strawberry Point, la. — The switch which sent the elec- 
tric current through the wires in the streets and into the 
homes of the town has just been turned on, and Strawberry 
Point is at last electric lighted. The system is giving ex- 
cellent satisfaction, with Electrician Andrew Stiles in 
charge of the plant. 

Lighting Department Better Managed under Commission 

Tacoma, Wash. — All the dead wood in the city's Light 
Department has been cut out by Commissioner Lawson of 
the Water and Light Department. By requiring the men 
to work full eight hours each day Mr. Lawson has been 
able to make a saving of the people's money. The follow- 
ing is a comparative statement of the wages paid in the 
Light Department during September. October and Novem- 
ber of 1909 and 1910: 

1909 1910 

September $10,375.75 $9,076.95 

October 11,177.90 9,330.64 

November 10,763.55 9,431.70 

Totals $32,317.20 $27,839.29 

The figures may be better appreciated when it is made 
known that many of the employees are being paid better 
wages than in October and November, iqoo. The common 
clerks in the office, who make out the bills and help keep 
other records, were advanced $io a month Jan. I, 1910; the 
linemen were advanced from $3.85 to $4 a day: linemen's 
helpers were given an increase of 50 cents a day; the men 
who trim the arc lamps were advanced 30 cents a day; the 
drivers of the wagons in its department were raised from 
$2 to $2.75. By paying the men a little more money the 
commission found that it was able to get much more work 
done. An increase of 10 per cent in wages increased the 
amount of work accomplished 50 per cent. Fewer men 
were found to be needed. 


Civil Service for Birmingham Police 
Birmingham, Ala. — Chief George Bodeker, of the Police 
Department, has had prepared a Civil Service bill to be 
presented to the Legislature, which, if adopted, will entirely 
remove the Police Department from politics, and protect 
the members of the department from removal without 
cause. The terms of the bill include the Chief of Police 
as well, making his term and that of all other officers- 
indefinite so long as he is not convicted on due trial of bad 
behavior or inefficiency. 

May Use Freight Tunnels for High-Pressure Pipes 

Chicago, 111. — Plans for a high-pressure water system for 
lire protection are being made under the direction of Com- 
missioner of Public Works Mullaney. Henry A. Allen r 
consulting engineer for the city, has been making a study of 
the subject for weeks. George M. Wisner, engineer for the 
sanitary district, has suggested that a great saving in cost 
of laying the pipes could be effected by placing them in the 
freight tunnels of the Illinois Tunnel Company. Electricity 
to be supplied by the Sanitary District is the only motive 
power being considered for operating the high-pressure 

Corpulent Policemen Must Go 

Columbus, O.— No more corpulent policemen are to be 
retained on the Columbus police force. Mayor George S. 
Marshall has given his ultimatum to that effect. "We 
simply cannot keep these physically deformed and ineffi- 
cient men on the force," said the Mayor. "But we will give 
them a chance to qualify. They have free use of the gym- 
nasium at the police headquarters, where by proper exercise 
they may reduce their weight and make themselves avail- 
able; if they don't do it they must retire." 

Truck Breaks Guy Wire; Fire Alarm System Out 

Elizabeth, N. J. — A truck said to belong to McCloud 6fc 
Brennan struck a guy wire attached to a pole near the 
Cherry street bridge, and caused the fire alarm system 
throughout the city to become demoralized for more than 
an hour. The accident occurred at 3:10 p. m. The truck r 
which bore a large housing to be used in covering an engine 
used to hoist sewer pipes, had just crossed the bridge and 
was going up the Cherry street hill when the horses, losing" 
their foothold, slipped, and the wagon was thrown against 
the guy wire. The pole, having no support and containing - 
a large number of wires and a fire alarm station, fell over 
and caused an open circuit. The authorities were at once 
notified of the accident and soon had a force of men on the 
scene. At 4:31 p. m. the damage had been repaired, and a 
test was made, which showed that the fire alarm system 
was again in working order. 

Trolley Cuts Fire Hose in Two 

Long Branch, N. J. — At a recent fire one length of chemi- 
cal hose was cut to pieces and the couplings on another 
length destroyed by a trolley car. The motorman paid no 
attention to hire Marshal Durham's warning to stop the car. 
The matter is being investigated by Chief of Police Layton. 

Leggins to Be Tried Next Week 

New York, N. Y. — Trial of leggins on patrolmen on the 
traffic and bridge squads is to be made next week. A few 
will be purchased and the general effect noted. The com- 
fort of the men and their appearance will be taken into con- 
sideration in arriving at a decision. 

Motor Truck for Brooklyn 

New York, N. Y.— That the New York Board of Fire 
Underwriters is convinced that the day of horse-drawn fire 
apparatus is past is evidenced by the fact that within a few- 
days there will be in operation at Station No. 1 of the lire 
patrol, until recently known as the salvage corps, No. I2 r 
Dean street, Brooklyn, a new 40-horsepower automobile fire 
truck, the first motor-driven fire apparatus provided for that 
city. A duplicate of this truck was installed by the New 
York Board of Fire Underwriters in Manhattan about six 
months ago, and proved so valuable in a short time that no- 
time was lost in providing one for Brooklyn 

Jamakv 4, 19] 1 



Accidents Due to Confusion of Auto Horn Sounds 

Fort Worth, Tex. — Fire Chief Bideker is much perturbed 
over causes for which he sees no remedy. Several recent 
collisions between street cars and fire apparatus is due, 
the Chief thinks, to the closed vestibules of the street cars 
which prevent the motormen from hearing the gongs or 
auto horns of the approaching fire wagons. As the State 
laws required the closed vestibules for the protection of 
the motormen and conductors in inclement weather the fire 
department will have to run the risk. When there was an 
audible alarm it was the common practice for drivers of 
vehicles and motormen on the cars to stop until the fire 
apparatus had passed. Now unless the coming of the fire 
machines is heralded in some way they are not advised of 
the coming of the fire wagons, to which all are disposed to 
accord the right of way. Therefore, the chief is helpless in 
this matter. What makes the whole matter worse in his 
opinion is the fact, as he asserts, that several automobiles 
in the city have horns in tone exactly like that of the fire 
chief's auto, and the big combination fire auto. The motor- 
men, when their cars are not closed, may hear those auto 
horns, but having heard them so often merely as automobile 
horns, have ceased to associate that peculiar style and tone 
of horn with the fire department, and hence pay no attention 
to the fire apparatus until it is too late. Chief Bideker is 
now asking if he can not have an ordinance passed that 
will prevent the use of a horn on an auto other than the fire 
apparatus of the same tone and style of blowing. He has 
invented for his auto a peculiar staccato style of tooting 
that is distinguished from any other in the city, unless imi- 
tated. If it is he will try, if it is possible, a prosecution for 
malicious mischief. 

Stops Hydrants' Use in Street Cleaning 

Newark, N. J. — Fire Chief Astley was incensed by the 
discovery that street cleaners in the vicinity of the "Four 
Corners" and elsewhere in the city are drawing upon fire 
hydrants for water used in sprinkling before cleaning. Sup- 
plemented by General Superintendent of Works Shipman he 
ordered the cessation of this practice. The policemen were 
instructed to arrest any street cleaner who violates the 
order. The discovery was made while the chief was on a 
tour of inspection. Subsequently, with Mr. Shipman, in an 
automobile, further evidence was obtained. The chief com- 
plains that this opening of hydrants by men unskilled in the 
knack of closing them properly invites the peril of freezing, 
that would be disastrous in case of fire. 

High Pressure on East Side 

New York, N. Y. — The great East Side is soon to be in- 
cluded within the high-pressure zone. Inside of two weeks, 
Fire Commissioner Waldo says, three new areas of high- 
pressure service will be ready. One of the new areas is on 
the West Side and is bounded by Twenty-second and Six- 
teenth streets and Tenth and Seventh avenues. Another 
new area is bounded by Twentieth and Fourteenth streets. 
Broadway and Lexington avenue. The largest of the three 
new lots is bounded by East Houston street, the Bowery, 
James street and the East River. This includes territory 
that is the most congested as regards population of any 
part of the city, and the chance of any fire therein getting 
away from the firemen is very slim. The pumping stations 
already constructed and operated in connection with the 
high-pressure pipes now in use will supply ample pressure 
for the new system. 

Fine Black Team for New Engine 

Grand Rapids, Mich.— The Board of Police and Fire Com- 
missioners has purchased three handsome black horses for 
the new engine at No. 1 fire headquarters on La Grave 
street. The horses weigh 1600 pounds each, and cost $300 
apiece. Captain Isaac Louke and ten men will have their 
quarters in the building,- which is also new. 

Fire Protection for Unincorporated Village 

Old Fort, O. — This town will soon be on equal footing 
with its neighbors in the way of fire protection. Although 
riot incorporated, the citizens subscribed to a fund and pur- 
chased a chemical engine, hose and ladders. A building to 
house the same is now under construction and will soon be 
ready for occupancy. 


Commission Government Loses in Chickasha 
Chickasha, Okla. — Out of a total vote of 1,183 the proposed 
charter carrying the commission plan of government lost at 
the special election by a majority of 87. The defeat is 
ascribed directly to the labor organizations, which, though 
favoring a commission government for the city, refused to 
accept various terms of the proposed charter. 
Concord Holds Novel Election 
Concord, N. H. — The first municipal election in Concord 
under the new city charter was held Dec. 20. Under the 
new arrangement two candidates for mayor are selected at 
a preliminary election open to all persons declaring their 
candidacy, and the field of condidates for minor offices is 
similarly narrowed by the preliminary election. The new 
city government will consist of a mayor, three assessors 
and a single board of aldermen consisting of six aldermen- 
at-large and one alderman from each of the nine wards. 
Louisville Has a New Seal 
Louisville, Ky. — Mayor W. O. Head has signed the ordi- 
nance which made the design, secured by the Convention 
and Publicity League in competitive contest for a $50 prize, 
the official seal. Among those 
who voted for the repeal of the 
old seal ordinance, enacted May 6, 
1861, was Councilman Charles G. 
Russman, a nephew of Henry Mil- 
ler, designer of the old seal, who 
died March 30, 1905. It was de- 
cided to supplant the old seal de- 
vice because it was no longer rep- 
resentative of Louisville's motto, 
4^^^^ "Progress," inasmuch as the cen- 

tral figure was an old, antiquated, 
wood-burning locomotive of the type used in '61. The seal 
which has become the official signature of Louisville was 
designed by J. R. Bausched, and was selected from more 
than 100 drawings 

Belton Combines City Offices 
Belton, Tex. — The City Council is practising economy in 
municipal affairs by adopting an ordinance consolidating the 
offices of Mayor and City Recorder, effective April, 191 1, 
upon the expiration of the term of office of the present City 
Recorder. An ordinance has also been adopted placing the 
salary of the Mayor at $5 a month, with fees of office and 
allowing the Aldermen a stipend of the same amount minus 
the fees. 

Want Salaries Reduced 
Denison, Tex. — Notice has been published that applica- 
tion will be made to the next Legislature to amend the char- 
ter of the city to reduce the salaries of aldermen from $1,500 
a year to $600 a year and to reduce the salary of the mayor 
from $1,800 a year to $900 a year, also to increase the num- 
ber of aldermen from two to four. Mayor Acheson recently 
published a statement advocating a change of this kind, but 
the application to the Legislature will be made by private 
citizens, according to the notice published. The present 
city government consists of a mayor and two aldermen. 
Bond Issues Invalid 
Jamestown, N. Y.— At the last meeting of the Jamestown 
Common Council the aldermen were startled by an opinion 
by Corporation Counsel Benjamin S. Dean to the effect that 
bond issues of the city of Jamestown aggregating nearly 
a million dollars were invalid because in none had provision 
been made for raising a sinking fund and interest by 
annual tax as required by the general municipal law. A 
$600,000 issue of water bonds is not included in this opinion. 
Attention has been called to the defect by the law firm of 
Caldwell & Reed, attorneys for W. C. Langley & Co.. of 
New York, who examined the records for a $40,000 issue of 
hospital bonds which the firm had agreed to purchase. Mr. 
Dean recommends a legislative enactment to validate the 
other bond issues on which the city has secured and used 
the money. 

Recall Feature Applied to Appointive Officers 
Los Angeles, Cal. — A new feature in the revision of the 
city charter now going on applies the recall feature to all 
offices, whether elective or appointive. 



Vol.. XXX.. No. i. 



Garbage Disposal and Hog Feeding 
Los Angeles, Cal. — An ordinance has been prepared 
regulating the disposal of garbage and the feeding of hogs 
throughout Los Angeles county. It provides that no gar- 
bage can be burned except in a furnace or crematory, unless 
dry, so that there will be no offensive odors from it; that it 
cannot be transported except in water-tight, metal-lined 
receptacles, wagons or cars, which must be cleaned daily 
and disinfected at least once a week; that if fed to hogs, 
it must be in trays and not on the ground, and that all refuse 
must be removed and not allowed to generate offensive 
odors. Hog yards are regulated by the proposed ordinance 
only when more than ioo hogs are kept, and then a permit 
must be obtained from the board of supervisors. The yards 
must be large enough to permit 60 square feet for each hog, 
not counting young pigs. Penalties for violation of the ordi- 
nance are provided in fines not exceeding $500 or imprison- 
ment not exceeding six months, or both. 
Drain Your Garbage 
Milwaukee, Wis. — Health Commissioner Kraft has ap- 
pealed to housekeepers to drain garbage to prevent it from 
freezing in the cans. Considerable difficulty was expe- 
rienced by collectors last week. He also advises the substi- 
tution of wooden receptacles for the metal cans during the 
winter months. 

Much Sickness Due to Dust in St. Paul 
St. Paul, Minn. — Continued high winds and the absence 
of snow or rain have created an almost intolerable dust 
nuisance, and an unusual amount of sickness. Such ail- 
ments as sore throat, bronchial coughs, la grippe, and some 
forms of skin disease are said to be more prevalent than 
ever before. City Engineer Rundlett says he is keeping the 
downtown district pretty well covered with calcium chloride, 
but the material has been used so much faster than usual 
that the supply on hand is short. The use of the chloride 
is expensive, too. When the temperature is moderate one 
tank will cover five or six blocks. In cold weather a tank 
will only cover three or four blocks. Each tank costs $7 
applied to the street. One sprinkling lasts five or six days 
under the prevailing conditions. 


Cannot Prohibit Smoking Without Aid of Ordinance 

Fort Worth, Tex. — So many complaints have come into 

the offices of the Northern Texas Traction Company that 

the officials are seriously considering the prohibition of 

smoking on the cars, according to Assistant Manager W. C. 

Forbess, who says: 

The complaints come from women, non-smokers and the 
smokers who have a discriminating taste which revolts at the 
combination of odors from "men smoking rank pipes, cabbage 
leaf cigars, cigarettes of all brands, good domestic, or genuine 
Havanas in the front vestibule of the P-A-Y-E type of cars, 
where the smokers can use the front vestibule. It is the opinion 
of the officials of the company that they can not enforce a rule 
of that kind; that is, to prohibit smoking on the cars without the 
aid of a city ordinance. If the Commission will enact the or- 
dinance, the company will do its best to enforce it. 

Recommends Interborough Plan 
New York, N. Y. — The joint committee of the Chamber 
of Commerce and the Merchants' Association, of which 
Seth Low is chairman, has recommended the acceptance 
by the city of the offer of the Interborough company for 
subway extension and operation. The report is unanimous 
and is to the effect briefly that this offer ought to be ac- 
cepted because the Interborough system would make a 
great addition to the present subway system, which the 
city owns, and the city could make better terms with the 
Interborough company on new operating leases than it 
otherwise could; and for the further reason 'that the city 
would get control of an improved subway system many 
years earlier than under other conditions. 

Discovers Provision for Mileage Tax 
North Yakima, Wash. — Rummaging among the city docu- 
ments, City Clerk Brooker has discovered that the street 
car company has a clause in its franchise providing for the 
payment of a certain percentage for each mile traversed 
by its cars within the city limits, the payments to begin at 
the expiration of 10 years from date of franchise. 

Boston Wants Curfew Back 
Boston, Mass, — Mayor John l\ Fitzgerald has sent to 
Police Commissioner Stephen O'Mcara a draft of the pro- 
posed curfew law. The ordinance was drawn up by the 
Boston Home and Social Association, and provides that all 
children under 14 found loitering on the streets or parks 
of the business district after g o'clock at night shall be sub- 
ject to arrest and to a line not exceeding $5 for each 
offense. The ordinance provides that at 8:50 each evening 
a whistle shall be blown from the City Hall. This gives 
the children ten minutes to reach home before they are liable 
to arrest. Members of the association seriously believe the 
curfew law is necessary for the welfare of the city. Neither 
the Mayor nor the Commissioner has made public his opin- 
ion of the proposed ordinance. 

Indianapolis' New City Hall Dedicated 

Indianapolis, Ind. — The new City Hall at Alabama and 
Ohio streets was dedicated last week. Governor Marshall, 
Mayor Shank and six former mayors made addresses at the 
ceremonies in the quarters that are to be occupied by the 



public office of the city controller. The building is a four- 
story and basement structure, the exterior being of Indiana 
Bedford stone on a granite base. The public lobby or cor- 
ridor of the first floor is of marble with large imitation 
marble pillars. The cost of the building was about $670,000, 
exclusive of furniture and grounds. The very satisfactory 
architectural treatment will be noted in the illustration. 

Four Towns May Make City 

Scranton, Pa. — There is a well-defined movement on foot 
to give Lackawanna County another city of the third class. 
The inhabitants of the boroughs of Olyphant, Blakely, Dick- 
son City and Jessup seek to carve a city out of their re- 
spective municipalities. These four boroughs are among 
the largest in the county and are built together. Fathers 
of the city movement point out that the area of the proposed 
municipality would be a trifle over four square miles, and 
that the town would start existence with a population of 
over 25,000. Better police, fire and school service are the 
arguments being used by the promoters of the plan. 

Municipal Cemetery for Milwaukee 

.Milwaukee, Wis. — A municipal cemetery is the latest pro- 
posed innovation of the administration, according to plans 
being discussed in the City Hall. It is said that the plan 
has attained sufficient encouragement to warrant the Coun- 
cil in asking the Legislature to pass a bill which will give 
the city the right to engage in such an undertaking. Sur- 
veys of land beyond the limits have been made by one of 
the assistants in the engineer's office with a view of se- 
curing a site of about 100 acres. The proposition is to sell 
burial lots at cost, the same as land for dwellings will be 
sold if a bill which will be presented to the Legislature is 
passed. Administration members say the high cost of 
burial lots sold by churches warrants the city in entering 
such a field. 

January 4, iQii. 



Proposed Civic Center for Hamilton 
Hamilton, O. — Architect F. G. Mueller, Hamilton, has 
planned the civic center in the accompanying illustration 
for the city of Hamilton. It includes the land west of the 
east side of Front street to the river, the south side of 
Court street, to the north side of Market street, together 




- rife 











with the west river bank. It affords sites for six public 
buildings, three of which will probably soon be built, City 
Hall, Library and High School. Questions of cost and 
method of procedure will be considered by a committee 
appointed by George T. Reiss, president of the Chamber of 

Talking Up Public Parks in Middletown 
Middletown, Conn. — A special meeting of the Common 
Council was held last week, at which the report of the spe- 
cial Committee on Parks was made. It was a lengthy re- 
port, and after relating the occasion of their appointment 
and the meetings they have held, the majority of them de- 
clared in favor of an amendment to the city charter that 
will permit the establishment here of a Park Commission. 
They submitted a table showing that the extra tax caused 
by the establishment of the commission and the carrying 
out of plans for a Park Commission would need to be but 
three cents on $100 and 30 cents on $1,000. In a general 
way the proposed amendment is patterned after the Hart- 
ford charter, except that the commission is not made self- 
perpetuating. This report was accepted and later will be 
submitted to the people. 

Municipal City Plan Approved 
Minneapolis, Minn. — Plans for a civic centre and the de- 
velopment of Minneapolis, as prepared by E. H. Bennett, 
Chicago, which, if carried out, may make Minneapolis the 
most beautiful city in the world, were last week approved 
by the Civic Commission, an advisory body of representa- 
tive citizens from various public organizations, which has 
had the matter in hand for nine months. The draft sub- 
mitted and approved was a completed one, embodying every 
feature of a scheme which members of the commission 
believe would result in a perfect city. Hitherto the plans 
have been considered in fragments. The scheme provides 
for the elimination of grade crossings and equalization of 
the river banks, the widening and beautifying of Lake 
street and the parking of Franklin avenue from Nicollet 
avenue across the river to the eastern city limits. Other 
streets are to be widened and numerous boulevards pro- 
vided for. while a wall will be laid out around which the 
park systems and cross boulevards will be linked. Fred 
B. Snyder is chairman of the commission, and William 
Pierce Cowles, consulting engineer. 

Parks and Playgrounds for Cincinnati 
Cincinnati, O— Children can have playgrounds and 
grown-ups can have parks because the Supreme Court of 
Ohio has decided that the Hamilton County $1,800,000 bond 
issue, representing breathing places for many, is valid. The 
decision is sweeping, in that it affirms the Common Pleas 
Court and the Circuit Court. It is the official stamp on the 
bond issue. The Board of Commissioners received notice 
through City Solicitor Ballard that if a purchaser is found 
m the course of a few weeks park improvements will be 
started in the spring. Many bonding companies are anxious 
to float the securities. Back of the playground movement 
is the Cincinnati Turngemeinde. It is the desire of that 
organization that the city may be provided for well, but the 
congested districts must be taken care of first. Policing of 
the parks will be reorganized. The park commission will 
employ its own police. The reorganization of the board 
because of the new term of Commissioner Gilbert was 
effected with L. A. Ault, president; William Gilbert, vice- 
president. Secretary Longenecker was re-elected by the 
board. The lighting of the parks, heretofore carried in the 
general street lighting contract, hereafter must be provided 
for by the park commissioners, as the city solicitor has held 
that the director of public service cannot enter into a con 
tract for the park board. The new lighting contract goes 
into effect June 1, 1912, when at the same time the park 
board will have to enter into a contract for the parks. 
Want Municipality to Publish Newspaper 
Los Angeles, Cal. — With a charter mapped out providing 
for public ownership of public utilities, even including a 
steam railway and a steamship line, the latest idea of the 
Good Government city administration is a municipal news- 
paper. The question whether the charter shall be amended 
to give the city authority to maintain such a publication 
will be submitted to the voters at a special charter election 
in February. The Good Government people decline to give 
out any details regarding the proposed unique journal, 
which would be the first of its kind in the country, but it 
i- understood the plan is to make it a daily, handled along 
metropolitan journalistic lines, with the City Council as a 
board of. directors, the heads of the principal city depart- 
ments, such as the Board of Public Utilities, of which 
Meyer I. issuer is chairman, as editors, and the Mayor a>. 
editor in chief. A department of printing would, of course. 
be created. Among the daily items would be the munic- 
pality's advertisements, but these are trifles to be adjusted 
after provision is made in the charter. 

Plan Municipal Exhibit 
Philadelphia, Pa. — In preparation for the municipal ex- 
hibit which is to show the achievements of the present ad- 
ministration and unfurl the comprehensive plans for a 
greater Philadelphia, two rooms in the third floor of the 
City Hall have been placed at the disposal of the Survey 
Bureau, which is to direct the preparation of drawings, 
blue prints, clay models and photographs that will enter 
into the collection that will eventually be displayed in a 
public hall or auditorium. The idea advanced by the 
Mayor, when he sent his request to Councils a few weeks 
ago for an appropriation of $30,000, was to place $20,000 
of this for use by the Survey Bureau and $10,000 at the 
disposal of his office for the furtherance of plans for the 
exhibit. It is said that the original and advance plan is to 
have an exhibit about the time that the National City 
Planning Association meets in this city. The date is fixed 
for some time in March, but the Mayor, for the purposes 
of displaying his exhibit, desires that this convention be 
held in May. Later, during the week of October 4, at the 
Founder's Week celebration, it is proposed to have an 
elaborate exposition of the municipal government. This is 
to include a display of model sewer sections, showing the 
method of construction, specimens of materials used in 
street repairs, and the supplies, such as uniforms of police- 
men and firemen, and other materials purchased by the city. 
One of the principal features is to be an exhibit of a model 
municipal transportation system, including subways and 
suburban systems connected with a central system. The 
entire exhibit is to show that the present administration 
has accomplished more than the public is inclined to credit 
it with, and the solution of the transit problems is to be 
the monument of the Reyburn administration. 



Vol. XXX., No. i. 


A Summary and Notes of Recent Decisions — Rul- 
ings of Interest to /Municipalities 

Comfort Station — Injury to Person Using 

Pitman vs. City of New York. — Where New York City 
authorities, under power expressly granted by Greater New 
York Charter, established a comfort station in accordance 
with plans calling for rough-axed granite steps leading 
thereto without a handrail or tooling or protection of the 
steps by metal or rubber treads, and it appears that two 
years alter the station was opened the steps were "pretty 
smooth," and that at the time of an accident from slipping 
thereon one year later they appeared very smooth, slippery 
and dam]), it was for the jury to determine in an action for 
the injuries, if they found that they were caused by the 
condition of the steps, whether such condition was due to 
the negligence of the city authorities in failing to tool the 
steps or otherwise protect the users thereof against slip- 
ping on them. — Supreme Court of New York, 125 N. Y. 
S., 942. 

Public Improvements — Rights of Materialmen 

National Iron Works vs. City of Monroe et al. — In the 
absence of collusion between a city and a contractor for a 
public work, entitled under the contract to partial pay- 
ments, to defeat the claims of materialmen by making ex- 
cessive payments on inflated monthly statements, the court 
must presume that the estimates on which the payments 
were made were correct, so that the payments were bind- 
ing on the materialmen notwithstanding Civic Code, mak- 
ing the owner making excessive payments to the contrac- 
tor liable to materialmen and laborers. — Supreme Court of 
Louisiana, 53 S. R., 563. 

No Authority to Grant Perpetual Utility Franchise 

City of Joseph vs. Joseph Water Works Company. — A 
municipality has no authority to grant a perpetual utility 
franchise. Where a municipality granted a water company 
in one section of its franchise unlimited rights to lay pipes, 
etc., and in another section limited this right to 15 years, 
the limitation will be upheld, for a municipality has not a 
right to grant a perpetual utility franchise and will not be 
presumed to have intended to so do, and another construc- 
tion would render the latter section meaningless. — Supreme 
Court of Oregon, in P. R., 864. 

Assessment — Right to Injunction 

Jenkins vs. Oklahoma City et al. — Unless the whole as- 
sessment for the purpose of grading, draining, curbing and 
paving a street is void, a case for injunction cannot be 
maintained, for he who seeks equity must do equity. If 
any part of the assessment against the owner's land is 
valid, he cannot have an injunction unless he has paid or 
offered to pay such part as is valid. — Supreme Court of 
Oklahoma, in P. R., 941. 

Public Water Rates — Discrimination 

People vs. Albion Water Works Company. — In proceed- 
ings by the State to enjoin defendant water company from 
ceasing to deliver water to a public institution unless paid 
a certain rate, on the ground of unjust discrimination, it 
appeared that defendant was engaged in the business of 
furnishing water to the village of A., and it alleged that at 
its own expense, on request of public authorities, it laid 
a line from its main to said institution, situated in the town, 
but not in the village, of A., and that it was reasonably 
worth the sum sought to be charged to furnish water to 
the institution. Held that, while the rates charged in the 
village might be considered, the test was whether the rate 
sought to be charged was reasonable, and defendant was 
entitled to show facts tending to support its averments. — 
Supreme Court of New York, 125 N. Y. S.', 589. 

Contracts — Statutory Provisions — Surety 
O'Rourke Engineering Construction Company vs. City 
of New York. — The surety of a contractor who was de- 
clared in default took over his work and completed it and 
did certain work on a supplemental contract. Before the 
executed contract was delivered, the requirements of 
Greater New York City Charter, Sec. 419, that there should 

be .'ii unapplied and unexpended appropriation and a cer- 
tificate to the Comptroller to thai effect, were completed, 
and the surety, without waiting for the city officials to 

perform the ministerial acts necessary to give validity to 
the contract, proceeded with the work. Held, that the 
surety could recover upon the contract, the requirements 
of section 419 having been complied with, the city not 
being harmed by the fact that the surety proceeded with 
the work, running the hazard of receiving fair treatment. — 
Supreme Court of New York, 125 N. Y. S., 664. 

Damage to Property — Limitation 
Harms vs. City of New York — Section 261, Greater New 
York Charter, provided that claims against the city for 
damages for injuries to personal property or the destruc- 
tion thereof by reason of the negligence of the city or its 
department shall be barred unless action be brought within 
one year. The plaintiff rented a scow to the city which 
was injured through its negligence. He then brought an 
action on the contract of bailment. Held, that the afore- 
said rule did net apply, being limited by its terms to actions 
arising by reason of negligence, and this action was based 
on the contract. — Supreme Court of New York, 125 N. Y. 
S., 477- 

Defective Streets — Contributory Negligence 
Hunter vs. City of Montesano — A pedestrian, who, on a 
dark stormy night, knowing that M street was being paved, 
contained piles of materials, was torn up and not in a con- 
dition to be traveled by teams, and that a barrier was 
across it on the south side of D street, and another a block 
further south, crossed it on the north side of D street, and, 
after going north a piece on M street, returned to D street, 
and, instead of recrossing where he had crossed, went fur- 
ther south and attempted to recross diagonally in the middle 
of the block between the two barriers, keeping his eyes 
on a light in a store, was guilty of negligence, barring re- 
covery for his injury from running into a plank resting on 
material and rubbish. — Supreme Court of Washington, in 
P. R., 571. 

Parks — Ocean Front — Boardwalks 
Crossan vs. Ventnor City — An act to enable cities in this 
State located on or near the ocean and embracing within 
their limits or jurisdiction any beach or ocean front to 
open and lay out a public park or place for public resort 
or recreation on and along the beach or ocean front of 
such city, etc., defines in its title and body "ocean front" 
as meaning as much of such front as is within the terri- 
torial limits cr jurisdiction of such city. The proviso by 
which boardwalks theretofore constructed to the landward 
of the high water line are excepted from the prospective 
operation of the act does not make it special or in excess 
of the object expressed in its title. — Supreme Court of New 
Jersey, 78 A. R., 12. 

Right to Drain Land — Consent of Property Owners 

Hart vs. Village of Adams et al. — The assent of property 
owners to have water drained across their land by ditches 
dug by a village gave the village no right to continue such 
drains, after the owners objected to their continuance, so 
that their continuance could be enjoined; the village not 
having the right to maintain the ditch without the property 
owners' consent. — Supreme Court of New York, 125 N. Y. 
S.. 652. 

Civil Service — Illegal Removal of Veteran 

Barton vs. Brennan et al. — Where relator, a veteran, was 
appointed General Inspector of Construction in Bellevue 
and Allied Hospitals, and his salary was duly fixed, and he 
was removed when the building to which he had been last 
assigned as inspector had been completed, and there was 
work requiring his functions, he was entitled to be rein- 
stated and reassigned to it, in preference to another,- ap- 
pointed to the same office at a later date, who is not a 
veteran. — Supreme Court of New York, 125 N. Y. S., 691. 
Notice of Injuries — Not Unreasonable Requirement 

Tonn vs. City of Helena. — Revised Codes, requiring 
notice to municipalities of injuries received by reason of 
defective sidewalks, is not an unreasonable classification, 
and the act is not invalid as class legislation in not apply- 
ing to all others who may be defendants in personal injury 
actions. — Supreme Court of Montana. 111 P. R., 715. 

January 4, [911. 




City Engineers of North Dakota. — 
City engineers of North Dakota will 
hold a meeting in Fargo January 17 and 
18, City Engineer H. G. Lykken, of 
Grand Forks, being one of those back- 
ing the movement. The program ar- 
ranged includes a number of topics of 
peculiar interest to the engineers of 
North Dakota cities. On the first day 
T. R. Atkinson, State Engineer, will 
speak on "Roads," E. S. Keene, of the 
Agricultural College, will read a paper, 
while Dean E. J. Babcock, of the School 
of Mines, will talk on "Lignite Coal 
and Its Possibilities." Prof. A. J. 
Booker, of the university, will speak 
on "Concrete," while Prof. H. R. Slo- 
cum and J. A. Jardine and F. L. An- 
ders will carry out a series of concrete 
tests. On the second day City Engi- 
neer H. G. Lykken, of Grand Forks, 
will read a paper on "Modern Trend 
in Water Purification." Prof. E. F. 
Chandler, of the university, will talk on 
"Water Supply in North Dakota," while 
G. O. Sanford, project engineer, will 
deal with the Williston irrigation 

Minnesota Surveyors and Engineers 
Association. — The annual meeting was 
held in the Senate chamber of the old 
capitol, St. Paul, Minn., when the fol- 
lowing program was carried out: 

Morning — President's address, Prof. W. 
R. Hoag; Report of the Secretary and 
Treasurer, Charles A. Forbes; paper, "Gov- 
ernment Corners," Nathan Butler; paper, 
"Drainage Project with 250 Miles of High- 
way," Prof. W. R. Hoag; paper, "Minne- 
sota Resources," George A. Ralph, State 
Drainage Engineer. 

Afternoon — Opening at 2 P. M. — Paper, 
"Necessity of Good Roads and How the 
State Should Aid in Building Them," Sen- 
ator James T. Elwell; "Good Road Instruc- 
tions," George W. Cooley; paper, "Toncan 
Metal," F. N. English, of the Stark Milling 
Co.; paper, "Sheet Steel," American Sheet 
and Tin Plate Co.; "Peat and Its Useful- 
ness," Max Tolz, St. Paul; Reports of Com- 
mittees, Election of Officers, Question Box. 

League of Third Class Cities of Penn- 
sylvania. — The subcommittee of the 
Law Committee of the League met at 
Harrisburg December 30, with Chair- 
man D. S. Seitz, City Solicitor. This 
committee was named by the Law 
Committee on Tuesday, following the 
convention of the league. The com- 
mittee will direct a measure that will 
provide for all of the provisions of the 
1909 amendments to the constitution 
relating to the government of third 
class cities. The general committee 
has already provided a bill extending 
the tenure of office of city officials 
whose terms expire in April to the first 
Monday in December; also a measure 
for the election of one assessor next 
fall and two at the election two years 

Municipal Engineers of the City of 
New York. — At the meeting of Decem- 
ber 28 a paper on "The Construction 
of the Croton Falls Reservoir of the 
New York City Water Supply" was 
presented by Mr. Frederick S. Cook, of 
New York City. 

Albany Society of Civil Engineers. — 
At a meeting at the Ten Eyck Decem- 
ber 20 C. V. Merrick gave an address 
on the rapid rise of the skyline of sky- 
scrapers in the past 25 years and their 
usefulness from a business standpoint. 

American Society of Civil Engi- 
neers. — Three meetings for topical dis- 
cussion will be held January 20 and 21 
at the society's house in New York 

City. The general subject for the three 
meetings is to be road construction 
and maintenance. All engineers, 
whether members of this society or nut, 
are invited to attend. At the first meet- 
ing, on the morning of January 20, 
three subdivisions will be taken up; (1) 
Preliminary investigations. (2) Rela- 
tive value of three methods of carrying 
on work; (a) that in which both labor 
and material are furnished by the con- 
tractor; (b) that in which the material 
is supplied by the party of the hrst 
part and the labor by the contractor; 
(c) that in which both labor and ma- 
terial are supplied by the party of the 
first part. (3) Systems of maintenance. 
The discussion of the three divisions 
will be introduced respectively by 
Logan VV. Page, Harold l J arker and 
Hubert K. Bishop. At the second meet- 
ing, on the afternoon of January 20, 
the subdivisions taken up will be the 
use of water, calcium chloride, light 
oils, etc., as dust palliatives, and surface 
treatment with tars, heavy oils, etc. 
The discussion will be introduced by 
Samuel Whinery and Charles W. Ross. 
The use of bituminous materials by 
penetration and by mixing methods 
will be the subject for the third meet- 
ing, on the morning of January 21, at 
which the discussion will be led by 
Walter W. Crosby and Arthur H. 

The society has chartered two steam- 
ers of the Onited Fruit Company for 
the trip to the Panama Canal. One 
steamer will leave New York on March 
2 and will return to New York on 
March 24. The other will leave New 
Orleans on March 4 and return to that 
city on March 21. Both steamers will 
go directly to Colon, and after a brief 
stop proceed on the cruise, stopping 
again at Colon on the return trip. Vis- 
itors may take the entire cruise and 
thus spend but a few days on the isth- 
mus or may remain on the isthmus 
while the vessel is away, thus affording 
plenty of time for a careful inspection 
of the work. The steamship company 
will reserve the vessel for members of 
the society until January 15, and each 
member must make his own reserva- 

National Commercial Motor Car 
Show. — A comprehensive display of 
motor trucks, delivery wagons and self- 
propelled road machines for all sorts 
of industrial purposes is to be held in 
Chicago during the week of February 
6-1 1 next. It will follow immediately 
after the annual automobile show, and 
will occupy the same building and be 
conducted by the same management, 
under the auspices of the National As- 
sociation of Automobile Manufactur- 
ers. Power vehicles suitable for almost 
every kind of industrial and commer- 
cial business will be shown, from tricar 
parcel carriers for the quick delivery 
service of laundries, haberdashers, boot 
and shoe stores, confectioners and oth- 
er retailers of light good to ponder- 
ous motor trucks of five tons load ca- 
pacity or more. There will be light 
and heavy delivery wagons, express 
wagons, baggage wagons, mail trans- 
fer wagons, light and heavy trucks 
from one ton capacity up, with open 
platform, stake, slat and covered bod- 
ies. Special forms for unusual purposes 
will be displayed, such as self-propelled 
chemical and hose carts for fire fight- 
ing, trucks with power winches oper- 
ated by the motor that propels the ve- 
hicle for loading and unloading heavy 
pieces of machinery and boxes, crates 
and barrels; trucks with self-dumping 
bodies for handling building materials. 

ashes, etc.; self-discharging coal 
trucks; patrol wagons, ambulances, 
sightseeing cars and motor stages. 

New England Water Works Asso- 
ciation. — The following is the program 
lor the annual meeting, Hotel Bruns- 
wick, Copley Square, Boston, Janu- 
ary 1 1 : 

I0:0it A. M. — The headquarters in Tre- 
mont Temple will be open for the use of 
members. 11:30 A. M — Meeting of the Ex- 
ecutive Committee at the headquarters, 
Tremont Temple. 1:00 P. M.— Lunch will 
be served at Hotel Brunswick, Copley 

2:00 P. M.— Address of Retiring President, 
Report of Secretary, Report of Treasurer, 
Report of Editor, Report of Auditing Com- 
mittee, election of officers, report of tellers 
appointed to canvass ballots. 3:00 P. M. — 
Report of the following committees: Com- 
mittee "To look after and keep track of 
legislation and other matters pertaining to 
the conservation, development and utiliza- 
tion of the natural resources of the coun- 
try," M. N. Baker, Chairman, New York 
City. Committee "To prepare a standard 
specification lor fire hydrants," H. O. La- 
count, Chahman, Boston, Mass. Committee 
"On information as to the conditions under 
which extensions of water mains are made 
by town-owned water supplies," Charles 
W. Sherman, Chairman, Boston, Mass. 
Committee "On uniformity of hose and 
gate-nuts, and direction of opening," Frank 
L. Fuller, Chairman, Boston, Mass. Com- 
mittee "To compile information relating 
to awards that have been made in water 
works valuation cases," H. W. Dean, Chair- 
man, Boston, Mass. Committee "On libra- 
ry, " Charles W. Sherman, Chairman. A 
1 api r w ill be presented on "The Gas Pro- 
ducer Pumping Plans at Manchester, 
Massachusetts," illustrated, by Raymond C. 
Allen, C. E., Manchester, Mass. George A. 
King, President, Taunton, Mass. Willard 
Kent, Secretary, Narragansett Pier, R. I. 

Oregon Good Roads Association. — 
Oregon good roads workers are com- 
mitted to creation of a highway board 
and selection of a highway commis- 
sioner to serve at $4,000 a year; to ap- 
propriation of $680,000 by the State for 
distribution equally among the counties 
in the coming two years for State-aid 
road construction; to the raising of 
$1,360,000 among the counties for use 
with the State appropriation in the com- 
ing two years in starting good road 
construction; to the employment of 
convict labor and all prison labor avail- 
able in good road work; to the estab- 
lishment of at least three convict cen- 
ters in the State, where great rock 
crushers shall be operated, and the 
product sold to the counties for road 
construction at actual cost and to sev- 
eral minor features in road construc- 
tion, the substance of which was con- 
tained in the (\ve bills submitted to the 
general Good Roads Convention, Port- 
land, December 12, by Judge L. R. 

For the present at least the Oregon 
road builders are not ready to enter 
into the interstate boulevard scheme 
suggested by the Pacific Highway Com- 
mission. They do not care to tax one- 
quarter or any other amount of the 
cost of road construction to adjacent 
land or to a specific read district out- 
lined by the county road. They will 
not leave the selection of a road route 
to the people at large, but insist that 
the County Court is the proper power 
to make such selection. They have not 
limited the routes for road construction 
contemplated in the appropriations rec- 
ommended to one market center, but 
insisted that the limitation should read 
"market centers." 



Vol. XXX., No. i, 

In the five measures dissected and re- 
constructed there are a multitude of 
provisions which have deep interest. 
Senile of these did not come to the sur- 
face in tin- controversies. One proviso, 
that the State Highway Commissioner 
shall have general and supervisory 
charge of the disbursement of work 
done with funds raised by selling coun 
ty bonds, did not crop up for discus- 
sion, but is assured prominence in fu- 
ture developments, as many of the 
counties are going to insist upon at 
least theoretical independence in their 
own work which is being met by strict- 
ly county funds. 

The good roads men do stand for 
taxing automobiles 25 cents each horse- 
power a year for machines of 50 or less 
registered rating, and 50 cents each 
horsepower for all going above 50 

Authority was granted the chairman 
to name two committeemen from each 
county of the State further to round 
out the bills discussed, and then to 
press these hills upon the Legislature 
at the coming session. Another com- 
mittee of five, John H. Albert, of Sa- 
lem; M. J. Lee, of Clackamas; H. W. 
Thompson, of Eugene; M. R. Ryan, of 
Douglas, and F. F. Eddy, of Coos, was 
named to frame a measure providing 
for wider tires in the State and to re- 
port this measure to the legislative 

No permanent Statewide organiza- 
tion -was perfected. For the present 
the Oregon Good Roads Association, 
as it has been constituted for the last 
few months, will continue its labors. 
Dr. A. C. Smith, President; Judge L. 
R. Webster, Chairman of the Executive 
Committee, and Walter L. Priest, Sec- 
retary, will continue activities. 

Colorado Association of Members of 
the American Society of Civil Engi- 
neers. — The association has arranged to 
have tables reserved at the Traffic Club, 
Denver, every Wednesday at luncheon 
for the members of the association and 
their guests. The privileges of the club 
will be opened to the association in con- 
nection with these luncheons. The 
first one was held Dec. 14. 

Calendar of Meetings 

January 2-6. 

Canadian Society of Civil Engineers. — 

Annual Meeting, Winnipeg, Manitoba, 
Can.— C. H. McLeod, Secretary, 413 Dor- 
chester street, West, Montreal, Que. 

January 4. 

American Society of Civil Engineers. — 
Regular Meeting. — C. W. Hunt, Secre- 
tary, 220 West 57th street. New York. 

January 6-7. 

Association of Kansas Police Chiefs. — 
Annual Meeting, Wichita, Kan. 

January 10-14. 

Organization of City Officials for Stand- 
ardi7ing Paving Specifications. — Second 
Meeting. Engineering Societies Building. 
2!) W. 39th street, New York, N. Y.— 
John B. Hittell, Secretary-Treasurer. 
Chief Engineer of Streets, Chicago, 111.. 
Hotel Rectnr, New York, N. Y. 

January 11-13. 

Michigan Engineering Society. — Annual 
Meeting Lansing, Mich. 

January 12-13. 

New York Tax Reform Association. — 
State Conference on Taxation. — A. C. 
Pleydell. Secretary, New York, N. Y. 

January 12-14. 

Montana Society of Engineers. — An- 
nual Meeting, Helena, Mont. — Clinton H. 
Moore, Secretary, Leysen Block, Butte, 

January 12-14. 

National Civic Federation. — Annual 
Convention, New York, N. Y. — D. L. Case, 
Secretary, 1 Madison avenue. New York, 
N. Y. 

January 12-14. 

Indiana Engineering Society. — Annual 
Meeting, Hotel Denison. Indianapolis. — 
Charles Brossman. Secretary, Union 
Trust Building, Indianapolis, Ind. 

January 16-20. 

Canadian Cement and Concrete Asso- 
ciation. — Annual Convention and Exhibi- 
tion, Toronto, Ont.— R. E. W. Hagarty, 
Secretary, 662 Euclid avenue, Toronto, 
January 17. 

Engineers' Society of Western Pennsyl- 
vania. — Annual Meeting, Pittsburg, Pa. — 
Elmer K. Hiles, Secretary, 803 Fulton 
Building, Pittsburg, Pa. 
January 17-19. 

American Institute of Architects. — An- 
nual Convention, San Francisco, Cal. — 
Glenn Brown, Secretary, Octagon, Wash- 
ington, D. C. 
January 18-19. 

American Society of Civil Engineers. — 
Annual Meeting, New York. — C. W. Hunt, 
Secretary, 220 W. 57th street, New York. 
January 20. 

Illuminating Engineering Society. — An- 
nual Meeting, New York, N. Y. — P. S. 
Millar, Secretary, 29 W. 39th street, New 
York, N. Y. 
January 24-26. 

American Society of Heating and Ven- 
tilating Engineers. — Annual Meeting, New 
York, N. Y. — W. M. Mackay, Secretary, 
P. O. Box 1818, New York, N. Y. 
January 24-26. 

Ohio Engineering Society. — Annual 
Meeting, Columbus, O. — C. J. Knisely, 
Secretary, New Philadelphia, O. 
January 25-27. 

Illinois Society of Engineers and Sur- 
veyors. — Annual Meeting, East St. Louis, 
111. E. E. R. Tratman, Secretary, 1636 
Monadnock Block, Chicago, 111. 
February 1-3. 

Nebraska Cement Association. — West- 
ern Cement Exposition, Omaha. Neb. — 
Peter Palmer, Secretary, Oakland, Neb. 
February 6-11. 

National Brick Manufacturers Associa- 
tion. — Annual Convention. Louisville, Ky. 
T. A. Randall, Secretary, Indianapolis. 
May 29. 

American Water Works Association. — 
Annual Convention, Rochester, N. Y. — 
J. M. Diven, 14 George street, Charleston. 
S. C. 

City Commission Congress. — Meeting, 
Galveston, Tex. — Mayor Lewis Fisher, 
Chairman of Committee, Galveston, Tex. 


Berger, Victor, Alderman-at-large of 
Milwaukee, Wis., who has been elected to 
Congress as a Socialist, will qualify for 
Congress March 4, but will not draw his 
salary as a municipal officer after that 
date, even though he continues to serve 
the city until the convening of the new 
Congress next December. The National 
position pays $7,500 and the city $100. 

Bruski, L. J., Winona, Minn., has 
been appointed Street Commissioner. 

Charles, Salem D., Chairman of the 
Street Commission, on which he has 
served for ten years has been certified to 
the Civil Service Commission for reap- 
pointment to a three-year term by Mayor 
John F. Fitzgerald, the other members 
are James J. Gallivan, recently reappoint- 
ed, and John H. Dunn, whose term ex- 
pires in 1912. 

County Engineer. — The Road Com- 
mission of Union County, Mississippi. 
will receive applications at once for the 
position of County Engineer, to take 
charge of the construction of sand-clay 
and other roads. Applicants should state 
age, experience, education and salary de- 
sired, and give references. Communica- 
t ; ons should be addressed to Mr. W. G. 
Bias, Chairman of the Union County 
Road Commission, Route 1, New Albany, 

Fisher, Ira M., Superintendent of the 
plant of the Massillon Electric & Gas Co., 
Massillon, O., for 25 years, has resigned 
in order to devote his entire time to the 
business of the Fisher Electric Company 
of Massillon, of which he is President. 

Foye, Edward H., Lowell, Mass., has 
been elected Purchasing Agent over Al- 
derman Smith J. Adams. 

Hering, Rudolph, and George W. 
Fuller, consulting engineers. New York, 
and Dr. L. L. Lumsden, of the Public 

Health and Marine Hospital Service, 
arc investigating the cause of typhoid 
fever in Dcs Moines, Iowa. 

JennEj Frank A., Prosser, Wash, has 
been appointed supervising engineer in 
charge of the construction of the sewer- 
age system of that city. 

Johnston, Clarence i ., State Engi- 
neer of Wyoming, has been appointed 
professor of surveying in the University 
of Michigan. Mr. Johnston was gradu- 
ated from this institution in 1895 and 
received the degree of civil engineer in 

Kei.sev, Lor is C, Portland, Ore., con- 
sulting engineer, has opened an of- 
fice in Portland and will give special 
attention to the designing of water- 
works, sewerage systems and pave- 
ments. Mr. Kclsey will be located in 
the Madison Building, 250 Third street, 
until March, after which his permanent 
office will be in the Selling Building. 
He will also retain his office, 412 Dooly 
Building, Salt Lake City, Utah. 

MacVicar, John, Des Moines, Iowa, 
has been appointed commissioner gen- 
eral of the International Municipal 
Congress and Exposition, to be held in 
Chicago, September 18-30, 191 1. 

Sebastian, Charles E., Los Angeles, 
Cal., has been appointed Chief of Police. 

Seygerlich, Charles, Chicago, 111., 
has been appointed Fire Marshal, suc- 
ceeding the late James Horan. 

Serm, Alfred, Milwaukee, Wis., has 
been appointed free warden and superin- 
tendent of the new nursery and experi- 
mental garden in Evergreen Park. 

Stoll, Paul, Red Bluff, Cal., has been 
elected Chief of the Fire Department, 
succeeding H. C. Wietfeldt, who has been 
Chief for nineteen years. Mr. Wietfeldt 
declined another election. 

Thomas, J. Bosby, Baltimore, Md., 
has been appointed chemist and bacteri- 
ologist for the water department. 

W'hitford, Noble E., Albany, N. Y., 
resident engineer of the New York 
State Engineer's office, delivered an ad- 
dress at Watkins, N. Y., December 14, 
on the construction of the Barge Canal. 

Wilcox, W. F., Meridian, Miss., has 
resigned as superintendent of the Merid- 
ian water works system to accept the 
position of assistant chief engineer of 
the Tennessee Coal, Iron & Railroad 
Company, at Birmingham, Ala. 

Beverly — Frederick A. Dodge, former Al- 
derman, over William Stafford, Sumner E. 
Glines and Jeremiah F. Desmond. 

Chicopee — Sol. E. Fletcher, over Frank A. 

Everett — Herbert P. Wasgatt, without 

Lowell — John F. Meehan, over former 
Policeman and Mayor George H. Brown 
and Carroll. 

Lynn — William P. Connery over Mayor 
James E. Rich for Mayor and Commis- 
sioner of Public Safety; Frank A. Turnbull 
elected Commissioner of Finance; George 
H. McPhetres, Commissioner of Streets and 
Highways; Thomas Camobell. 2d, Commis- 
sioner of Water and Water Works; Her- 
bert C. Bayrd, Commissioner of Public 

Maiden — George H. Fall over Dr. George 
L. Farrell and Calvin M. Verbeck. 

Medford — Charles S. Taylor, without op- 

Melrose — Eugene H. Moore, for fifth term 
without opposition. 

Newburyport — Robert E. Burke over 
Hiram L. Langford and Fred E. Green. 

Newton— Charles E. Hatfield. 

Snlem — Alderman Rufus D. Adams over 
former Mayor J. F. Hurley, who will con- 
tinue as Alderman; Alderman Wm. H. 
MeSweeney. Herman F. Curtis and Alder- 
man John J. Cahill: Mayor Arthur How- 
ard was elected an Alderman. 

Somerville — Charles A. Burns over Thos. 
F. Nolan. 

Woburn — Hugh D. Murray over Alderman 
Harold P. Johnson by 28 votes. 

Worcester — James Losan for fourth term, 
over David F. O'Connell by 121 votes: con- 
test probable. 

January 4, 1911. 




Cast Iron Pipe. — Chicago: Western 
cities are slow in advertising their 
specifications. The more favorable 
market for municipal bonds is encour- 
aging. Quotations: 4-inch, $27; 6 to 
12-inch, $26; 16-inch and up, $25, Bir- 
mingham. It is expected that compe- 
tion for some large lettings in Febru- 
ary at Pacific Coast points will be keen 
on account of the large accumulations 
of stocks. Quotations: 4 to 6-inch, 
$19 to $19.50; 8 to 12-inch, $18 to $18.50; 
over 12-inch, average, $17, New York. 
Quotations: 6-inch, carload lots, $22. 

Lead. — It is now generally believed 
that lead is scarce. Quotations: New 
York, 4.50c; St. Louis, 4.35c. 

Oregon Fir for Pavements. — The 
Oregon and Washington Lumber 
Manufacturers' Association, Portland, 
Ore., has appointed a committee to take 
up a study of wood block pavement. It 
is hoped to greatly increase the use of 
fir for this purpose, though as yet but 
a comparatively small amount has been 
tried. In cutting fir there is a loss oi 
about 25 per cent of every tree, as the 
tree tops are not now used, except to 
a small extent by box factories. It is 
this waste material which the lumber- 
men's organization hope to see used for 
paving blocks. 

Road Machinery. — The addition to 
the boiler shops of the J. I. Case 
Threshing Machine Co., Incorporated, 
Racine, Wis., is just being completed. 
This is a building 60 ft. by 215 ft., which 
will be used exclusively for a stock 
room for the Case boiler shops. A 
boiler storage has been completed 230 
ft. by 60 ft. This is equipped with a 
traveler for movement of boilers from 
one part of the building to another. 
Under the supervision of the Case 
architect the above work has been un- 
dertaken and completed, also the re- 
modeling of the Garfield warehouse, 
which is 100 ft. by 250 ft. and two 
stories high. This building, when the 
remodeling is completed, will be used 
as a machine shop. Machine shop fa- 
cilities have not been adequate. As 
soon as the weather will permit, other 
buildings will be put under construc- 
tion by the Case architect and complet- 
ed. The heavy business for the present 
year has necessitated all these changes. 
Stone Crusher Patents. — Thomas A. 
Edison, the inventor, is suing the Allis- 
Chalmers Company, the Empire Lime- 
stone Company and the Caspan Stone 
Company in the United States Court, 
Buffalo, N. Y., for damages for alleged 
infringement on one of his patents for 
a stone crusher. 

Concrete Surface Finisher. — The Vul- 
canite Portland Cement Company, Land 
Title Building, Philadelphia, Pa., has 
published with handsome colored illus- 
trations a paper by Albert Moyer on 
concrete surface finisher. One of the 
most handsome finishes illustrated is 
made with ^4-inch white marble screen- 
ings, '/S-inch red marble and T /2-inch 
black marble and Cow Ray sand. The 
proportions used were: 1 part Vulcan- 
ite Portland cement: 2 x / 2 parts Cow 
Bay sand: 2 parts red marble and i 1 /^ 
parts of black marble. 

Pipe Joints. — The Best Manufactur- 
ing Company, Pittsburgh, Pa., in cir- 
cular No. 3 illustrate the various types 
of pipe joints which this firm is pre- 
pared to furnish. The different styles 
include screwed joints, welded joints, 
the Van Stone joint, bronze unions and 
special types of joints for hydraulic 

Water Company Reorganization. — 
A syndicate of local capitalists is seek- 
ing to purchase a controlling inter* I 
in the Bristol (Conn.) Water Company. 
The negotiations have been under way 
for some time, and it is stated that op- 
tions have been secured on more than 
51 per cent of the stock, the amount 
required. The necessary amount of 
money to take this stock over is prac- 
tically subscribed for. The company 
was organized 26 years ago and is capi- 
talized at the present time for $200,000, 
one-half of which came through the 
issue of stock as dividends. There are 
outstanding bonds to the amount of 
$100,000. The present dividend rate is 
5 per cent. The company owns four 
reservoirs, situated in this town and 
Harwinton, and has storage capacity- 
enough to meet the needs of the town 
for a number of years to come. There 
will be a petition presented to the next 
Legislature asking that an act be passed 
which will permit the town to purchase 
the rights and privileges of the com- 
pany. If the syndicate gains control, 
as it now seems likely that it will, it is 
said that this measure will not be op- 
posed. However , the town will be 
asked to desist from voting to take the 
company over until an opportunity is 
given the new interests to demonstrate' 
that the company can furnish water to 
users as low as any municipal or private 
owned company in the State, in which 
event there would be no reason for the 
town to go into the water business. 

Water Company Reorganization. — 
The Rochester & Lake Ontario Water 
Company was reorganized at a meeting 
of the Board of Directors December 
21. Henry C. Brewster was elected 
treasurer and Alexander Russell was 
named secretary. The two positions 
were formerly held by George K. M. 
Clarke, who absconded after embezzling 
$40,000 of the company's funds. Alvin 
H. Dewey was elected vice-president in 
place of William F. Balkam, resigned. 
The following is the new Board of Di- 
rectors: Henry C. Brewster, president: 
Alvin H. Dewey, vice-president and 
general manager: Alexander Russell, 
secretary: Henry C. Brewster, treas- 
urer; V. Moreau Smith, A. B. Lamber- 
ton, Frederick W. Zoller, William F. 
Balkam, Andrew H. Bowen and Mertcn 
E. Lewis. The new director is Fred- 
rick W. Zoller, of the Union Trust 
Company. Alvin H. Dewey will have 
general charge of the management of 
the company. 

Water Company Increases Capital. — 
The Richmond City Water Works 
Company, Richmond, Ind., has in- 
creased its capital from $375,000 to 
$550,000. The increase is made to pro- 
vide for future improvements of the 
plant and will be issued from time to 

Gasoline Fire Engine Test. — William 
M. Johnson, engineer for the National 
Board of hire Underwriters, has made 
the following report on tests of the 
VVestinghouse gasoline lire engine, re- 
cently delivered to the city of Cohoes: 

Drafting water through 20 feet of suction 
and pumping through two lines of 200 Cee1 
each, siamesed into a 3V 2 -inch line with a 
1%-inch nozzle, the engine developed a 
pressure at the pump i>f S2 pounds and 
threw an average of tot gallons a minute, 
for twenty minutes. 

Pumping from a hydrant with a pressure 
of 12 pounds, the engine threw an average 

of 7f»r> gallons a minute I'nr a test of sixteen 

When attached to hydrants which give 
the engine about 30 pounds pressure to 
start with, it should he able to supply two 
good lVg-inch fire streams through 400 or 
.".on feet of hose. 

Gurley's Manual.— The forty-fifth edi- 
tion of Gurley's Manual of American 
Engineers and Surveyors Instruments, 

manufactured by W. & L. E. Gurley, 
Troy, X. Y., has been published. It is 
primarily a book of instructions in the 
adjustment and use of field instruments, 
and while it does not attempt to take 
tltc place of treatises on the subject, it 
is generally sufficient for students and 
young engineers and is frequently used 
by them. The illustrations in colors of 
the instruments are attractive and make 
it easy to understand the instructions. 
Some of the instruments described 
might be of practical use in their daily 
work to others than surveyors, for in- 
stance, contractors, superintendents and 
foremen. The telescopic hand level, the 
angle mirror and the talley register are 
among these. The book is ordinarily 
-.old for 50 cents. 

New Floor Preparation. — The Wil- 
son & Baillie Manufacturing Company, 
26 Court street, Brooklyn, has taken 
the agency for the United States of 
'"Terrano," a magnesite floor prepara- 
tion made according to a German for- 
mula and used to a considerable extent 
in Canada, where the rights are con- 
trolled by the Eadie-Douglass Com- 
pany, of Montreal. The Wilson & 
Baillie Company will lay the floor by- 
its own forces in Greater New York, 
but outside that territory it will sell the 
material ready mixed for laying and 
will supply an experienced foreman to 
direct the work. Practically all the 
material for the composition is import- 
ed and will be mixed in the company's 
plant in Brooklyn. 

Trade Catalogue Library. — A library 
has been established in the Hudson 
Terminals at 50 Church street, New 
York City, which is accepting cata- 
logues of American manufacturers, 
classifying and filing these cata- 
logues and digesting them in card in- 
dex form for reference and consulta- 
tion of buyers, manufacturers, engi- 
neers, contractors, purchasing agents 
and other consumers, both resident in 
and visitors to the metropolitan dis- 
trict. The plan has filled a needed want 
in the way of providing a permanent 
and comprehensive collection of trade 
literature, which is resulting to the mu- 
tual benefit of the manufacturer and 
the buyer. 

The custodian of the library is the 
Commercial Bureau Company, to which 
applications for space should be ad- 
dressed. The total cost to the manu- 
facturer will be $10 per year, for which 
sum he is entitled to have placed on file 
any or all of his catalogues, photo- 
graphs, drawings, etc. This fee also 
includes the insertion in card index files 
for buyers, of a card giving a printed 
index of the original catalogues placed 
on file by the manufacturer. These 
card index files are distributed to buy- 
ers and others interested for use in 
tluir own offices. 

Change of Office.— The general offices 
of the Universal Road Machinery Com- 
pany have been removed from New 
York to Kingston. N. Y., where its 
shops are located. The office of the 
President. Mr. George H. Ford, will be 
kept at 120 Liberty street, New York. 

Menzies Street Cleaner. — The Men- 
zies Street Cleaner Company, Glens 
falls, X. Y.. have issued a new cata- 
logue, describing the Menzies Patent- 
ed Sanitary Hand Cleaning Machine. 
The largest cities in the country have 
used them for years with entire satis- 
faction and the demand i- rapidly in- 



Vol. XXX., No i 


Continuous Concrete Mixer with Meas- 
uring and Elevating Devices 

The Butler Concrete Machinery Co., 
Butler, I ncl., manufacture concrete 

mixers of several sizes and types. 
Their model A A mixer is shown in the 
illustration. The mixing apparatus is 
of the pug-mill type; three hoppers 
receive the cement, sand and stone and 
deliver it by bucket elevators which 
do the measuring into the trough. The 
whole is mounted on a four-wheeled 
truck, propelled by a gasoline engine 
which also does the mixing. 

Capacity is from 150 to 200 cu. yd. 
per day with a 5-hp water-cooled Novo 
gasoline engine which is simple and 
compact and claimed to be reliable and 
easily operated. The main frame is 
constructed of 3 by 3 l / 2 by y 8 steel angle 
to which the various parts are securely 
bolted and braced. The front bolster 
and axle are of the swiv.el type, allow- 
ing perfect freedom of the front trucks. 
These are guided and held in place by 
chains running back to the shaft which 
in turn is connected by a worm gear to 
the steering wheel. The rear axle is 
of the best steel shafting, size 2 inches, 
with differential gears and wide bear- 
ings. All the gears are of the Web 
pattern and four sets of steel back 
gears are used, including the special 
design clutch for operating the trac- 
tion. The wheels are 38 by 8 inches wide 
and the rear 20 by 6 inches. The 
gears are of the best gray iron and 
steel of such dimensions as to re- 
quire a minimum amount of power to 
operate the machine. The pug shaft 
is of square steel, making it easy to 
remove or replace the mixing paddles. 
The drum is made of 10 gauge steel 
boiler plate, 7 ft. 2 in. long, with 36 
steel mixing paddles. The sand, stone 
and cement hoppers are made of 14 
and 16 gauge steel and are located at 
the side of the mixing drum, 27 inches 
high to the top of the hoppers, where 
the elevating buckets pass through a 
special made boot, picking up the ma- 
terials in just such quantities as the 
size and number of buckets will admit 
and deposits it into the mixing drum 
in plain sight in the propositions de- 
sired by the arrangement of the buckets 
on the links or chain belt. The ele- 
vating chain and steel buckets are of 
standard pattern. 

Gasoline Street Lamp 

\ gasoline street lamp of 1,000 can- 
dlepower, which is suited for lighting 

small town and subur- 
ban street:-,, is made by 

the I ler/. Manufacturing 
Company, of 388 Jack- 
si m street, St. Paul, 
Minn. The height of 
the lamp post, which is 
of cast iron, is 11 feet, 
the base is 2 feet square 
and the weight of the 
whole is 225 pounds. 
Each lamp is filled, as 
shown in the illustration, 
with a Herz Simplex 
generating tank, making 
each unit a gas machine 
in itself. 

The base of the post 
is made larger than in 
the case of a gas or 
electric pole so that the 
door will provide free ac- 
cess to the apparatus. Al- 
though gasoline lighting 
is of special interest to 
towns desiring to light 
their streets for the first 
time, even the largest 
cities have not been able 
to dispense with the system in its sub- 
urban sections. 

Adjustable Concrete Culvert Mold 
A concrete culvert mold having a 
simple mechanism for adjustment is 
made by the Township Supply Co., 
Garrison and Law-ton avenues, St. 
Louis, Mo. The illustration shows the 
mold set for making a culvert 24 inches 

r : 


i ^n 




in diameter. The same mold makes all 
sizes, 14 to 24 inches, and any length 
required. A larger size molds culvert 
in all sizes from 30 inches to 5 feet in 
diameter. It is claimed that with these 
molds in many places concrete cul- 
verts can be built for less money than 
wooden ones. 

The New Firestone Quick Removable 
Side-Wire Tires 

A new tire and rim equipment that 
promises to revolutionize the present 
methods of changing truck tires has 
been placed on the market by the Fire- 
stone Tire & Rubber Company. This 
equipment does away with lay-ups for 
tire repairs or replacements by enabling 
the driver to change tires anywhere 
in a few minutes with no other tool 
than a wrench. It keeps deliveries 
going on with but slight interruption 
and cuts off the dead expense of having 
the vehicle out of commission on ac- 
count of tires. 

This illustrates a single tire mounted 
on the wheel. 


The second cut shows sectional 
view of rear wheel equipped with dual 
tires, one of which has been removed. 
In order to change tires, the driver re- 
moves the nuts (No. 6), of which there 
are fourteen around the wheel. This 
releases the clamping flange (No. 5). 
He then slides off the tire, rim and 
all in one lateral movement. The 
clamping ring (No. 4) is split and 
comes off along with the tire. A spare 
tire already applied to rim is substi- 
tuted by merely reversing the opera- 
tion. One or two spare rims with tires 
already applied are kept at headquar- 
ters ready for use. Rims of equiva- 
lent size are interchangeable on all 
wheels, front and rear, single or dual. 

There is no risk of the tire not be- 
ing firmly and properly applied in its 
rim, for the tire itself is applied by 
experts at any of the hundred-odd 
Firestone applying stations. The driver 
only changes the rim and does not 
tamper with the tire itself. 

This equipment enables the removal 
of any tires at will to be rebuilt or re- 
paired before they are too far gone. 
Such repairs to Firestone side-wire 
tires frequently double their length of 

Like all other Firestone products, 
this equipment has been thoroughly 
tested, and its efficiency proved in ac- 
tual service before offering to the pub- 
lic. One of the largest truck manu- 
facturers has already adopted it as 
regular equipment. Demonstrations 
are given at the Madison Square Gar- 
den and Chicago and Boston auto 
shows and literature sent on request 
to any one interested. 

Jan laky 4, lyii. 



Contractor's Motor Truck 
Am automobile truck with an end 
dumping body suitable for contractors' 
use has been placed on the market by 
the White Company, Cleveland, O. 
One of these trucks has been used in 
New York City lor several months by 
McDonald and Barry for hauling coal, 
ashes and gravel. When working on 
jshes the truck carried them from a 
sower house situated on the Harlem 
River at 224th >treet to a new street 
that wa? being rilled at Broadway and 
>4Cth street. 

The truck carries a load of seven 
cubic yards of ashes a distance of ever 
a mile. In comparison with horses, the 
regular teams which have been used on 
:his work have been hauling three and 
1 half cubic yards to a load. The daily 
:rips average from five to six. The 
:ruck has been carrying twice as great 
1 load and has averaged from 10 to 12 
xips, or double the number. In ether 
Yords, it has easily done four times the ' 
vork, or taken the place of four horse- 
Irawn wagons. 

The main points in the specifications 
)f the G T A. as it is called, truck is 
is follows: 

Cylinders — Four cylinders cast en bloc, 
limensions, 334 -inch bore. 5^ -inch stroke, 
r Control — Throttle and spark ad- 
vance controlled by levers mounted on 
steering wheel. 

Transmission — Four forward speeds with 
lirect drive in the third gear, and a re- 
rerse. The transmission is of the selected 
:ype. The gear shifting mechanism is en- 
:losed within the gear case which forms an 
>il weli and is free from dirt and grit, 
["he gears are made of chrome nickel steel. 
Ul gear shafts are ball bearing. 

Clutch — Leather faced, cone clutch. 

Valves — Mechanically operated and inter- 
:hangeable. Each valve with its valve- 
item is a one-piece forging made of special 
licke! alloy of such a nature as to prevent 
listortion by heat. The valve lifters have 
ibre seats, thus reducing noise to a mini- 
num and preventing the ingress of grit 
ind sand. 

Motor Cooling — Positive water circulation 
>y gear-driven centrifugal pump. The rad- 
ator is so supported that it does not re- 
•eive the strain to which the frame may be 
iubjected on rough roads. 

Lubrication — A combination of the splash 
;ystem wtih positive speed. 


Ignition — Bosch magneto. 

Carbureter — White, water -jacketed. 

Crankcase — Made in two sections of spe- 
cial aluminum alloy. The upper section 
carries all the working parts of the motor. 
The lower section is simj ly an oil well and 
is easi.y removable for inspection or ad- 
justment of connecting rods, camshaft, etc., 
without disturbing ti.e crankshaft bearings. 

Crankshaft — Forged of nickel steel. Is of 
unusually heavy construction. 

Mechanism Protected — Mechanism in- 
cased in a heavy sheet metal dust pan. 
Universal joints protected in heavy leather 
shoe, which permits being 1 acked in grease. 

Steering — Worm and sector type with 
ball-thrust bearings. 

Brakes — Internal, expanding, in rear; ex- 
ternal, contracting brakes on the jack- 
shaft. Very large. 

Drive — Shaft drive from gearcase to jack 
shaft. This shaft is fitted with two uni- 
versal joints. From jackshaft transmitted 
by a chain to rear wheels. Differential in 

Frame — Standard "I" beam, six inches 

Spi ings — Front springs semi-elliptic; rear 
springs platform type. 

Front Axle — Solid drop forging, 40 carbon 

Rear Axle — Solid drop forging. 40 carbon 
steel, stiaight: springs hung from lower 

Wheels — Steel casting reinforced by webs. 

Wheel Base — 144 inches. 

Tread — Fr< nt wheels (center to center of 
tires 1 ^3% inches: rear wheels (center to 
center of tiresi 65% inches. 

Tires — 36 x 5 inches, solid in front; 10 x 4 
inches, solid double tires in rear. 

Measurements — Length over all 19 feet 
7i-> inches; dash to rear. 16 feet lui^ inches; 
length of platform. 13 ft et 3 inches: width 
of platform. 6 feet 5 inc 

Digging Ditches with Dynamite 
The excavation of trencher with 
dynamite i> a process which is being 
exploited by the E. I. du Pont de 
Xemours Powder Company, of Wil- 
mington, Del. While the process is 
specially adapted for u ? e in wet clay 
and hence has been used mostly in the 
digging of drainage ditche?, there are 
many instances in which the process 
would be available for municipal work. 
Outfall sewers, for example, in sea 
coast cities often run through areas of 
marshy land before discharging into the 

Everj- one who has had anything to 
do with excavating in rock, shale or 
frozen earth, knows that this work can- 
not be done rapidly or economically 
without explosives. Very few people 
know, and they have only found it out 
quite recently, that ditches and chan- 
nels through clay, gumbo, sand. It am 
or other earth can be dug at a wonder- 
ful speed and at a low cost with dyna- 
mite. Ditches and channels can be cut 
through swamps, although several 
inches or even a foot of water covers 
the ground, just as well as or even bet- 
ter than through dry ground. A chan- 
nel or ditch dug with dynamite, and 
particularly one cut through dry or 
sandy ground is not so even and regu- 
lar just at first as one dug by hand or 
machine, but will even up very soon 
after water rills it, and as the banks 
have a good slope there is little caving 

When a ditch is blasted there is no 
outlay for expensive equipment be- 
cause the only machinery necessary is 
an iron bar pointed at one end. In 
hard dr\- ground a sledge or maul is 
needed to drive the bar down to the 
necessary depth. There is no delay 
and expense getting machinery in place 
through swamps and thickets. Not even 
a team is needed when ditches are dug 
with dynamite, for one or two men 
ran carry sufficient dynamite to dig a 
ditch four or five hundred feet long, 
four or five feet wide and three or four 
feet deep. When ditches are dug with 
dynamite, the material taken from the 
ditch is practically all thrown out by 
the blast and little shoveling is necessary. 



Ohio Road Machine Abroad 

The accompanying photograph illus- 
trates an Ohio reversible road machine 
in use in road making on the plantation 
of J. W. Bischodt. St. Thomas, Danish 
West Indies. The value of the machine 
• limited to its use on reads. In 
fact, the machine illustrated has been 
used with great success in digging small 
canals from one part of the harbor to 
another. A number of types of grades 
pre made bv the Ohio Road Machinery 
Company, Oberlin, O. 



Vol. XXX, No. i. 


978,889. TREATING SEWAGE. Karl Im- 
hoff, Bredeney, near Essen, Germany. 
Serial No. 544,852. 

The method of treating sewage consist- 
ing in passing n through a sedimentation 

tank, 1 hence to a biological filter, thence to 
;i further sedimentation tank and periodi- 
cally changing the direction of movement 
so that each sedimentation tank is alter- 
nately employed as the first and final tank 


William J. Leary, New York, N. Y., as- 
signor to W. J. Leary Manufacturing Co., 
Jersey City, N. J, a Corporation of New 
Jersey. Serial No. 497,589. 
In an apparatus of the character set 
forth, a pair of girders disposed horizontally 
and parallel and provided with bottom, 
stringers, a carriage supported by the bot- 
tom stringers only of said girders and mov- 

able longitudinally thereof in the space 
between them, a turn table in said carriage, 
a boom having side bars, a conveyor of the 
chain and bucket type mounted on said 
boom, the buckets of which are movable 
between the side bars of said boom, cars 
movably supported on the turn table on 
said carriage, and a swinging frame jn 
which said boom is mounted to slide, said 
frame being carried by and rotatable with 
said turn table. 

Charles I. Williams, Utica, N. Y. Serial 

No. 383,128. 

In a plant of the character described, the 
combination with an asphalt melter and a 
mixer, of a sand heating member, the 

8 Eg ^ 

same comprising an automatic feeding sup- 
ply, a receptacle for the heated output 
therefrom and a receptacle adjacent to the 
latter for cold sand, the two latter recepta- 
cles having outlets for discharge into a 
common recepta< le whereby the sand mav 
be mixed to supply the mixer with sand of 
desired temperature, substantially as de- 

William G. Howe, Butler, Ind. Serial No. 


An apparatus as described comprising a 
wheel mounted platform, an engine located 
upon the platform, a shaft operatively con- 
nected with the engine, winding drums 
mounted upon the shaft, lever actuated 
clutch mechanisms mounted upon the shaft 
for engagement with the winding drums 
and being located between the adjacent 

ends of the drums, a boom pivotally at- 
tached to the platform and restrained to 
swing in a vertical plane only between tne 
adjacent ends of the drums, a cable ar- 
ranged to wind upon each drum, one ol 
said cables being guided along the boom 
and a guide for the other cable located 
upon the platform, a manually directible 
scraper with which both of said cables con- 
nect, a brace attached to the boom and 
pivotally connected with the platform, said 
cable guide being located upon the plat- 
form at a point between the end of the said 
brace and the end of the said boom. 
978,994. PAVEMENT. Matthew E. Dunn, 

New York, N. Y. Serial No. 459,522. 

A continuous street pavement having a 
foundation, a number of metallic reinforce 
sections placed on edge on the foundation 
and spaced from each other, said reinforce 
sections having openings in the walls 
thereof, metallic ties extending between 
the adjacent walls of adjacent reinforce 

communicated to said lever, and means 
whereby movement of said lever is trans- 
mitted to said supply and exhaust valves; 
a conduit Leading trom within each water 
chamber and adapted to conduct air under 
pressure from the interior of the chamber 
from which it leads to one of said dia- 
phragm chambers and which conduits con- 
stitute the sole connecting means through 
which fluid may (low with which said 
chambers are provided; a valve for each of 
said conduits and adapted to control the 
flow of air therethrough; a float within 
each water chamber; and lever mechanism 
Interposed between each of said floats and 
one of said controlling valves and through 
which said valve is operated. 
977,897. MIXING MACHINE. Alvin Flavel 

Nims, Philadelphia, N. Y. Serial No. 


A mixing machine, comprising hollow sec- 
tions communicating interiorly, and rotat- 
ably mounted, one of said sections having 
an inlet, the other of said sections having 

sections and provided at their ends with 
heads, said ends projecting through said 
openings and said heads being adapted to 
contact with the inner surfaces of said 
sections to prevent separaton thereof and 
being removable through said openings, 
thereby joining the reinforce sections to- 
gether and permitting any one of them to 
be removed without disturbing the others, 
and a sheet of paving material laid on the 
foundation and between the reinforce sec- 

John M. Swanstrom, Chicago, III. Serial 
No. 519,397. 

In a device of the class described, two 
water chambers; a valve controlled inlet 
passage for each chamber and through 
which water may enter thereinto; a valve 
controlled outlet passage for each cham- 
ber and through which water is discharged 
therefrom; a supply passage for air under 
pressure leading into each water chamber; 
an exhaust pas- 
s a g e leading 
from each water 
chamber; a sup- 
ply and an ex- 
haust valve ror 
each water 
chamber and 
adapted to con- 
trol the flow of 
air thereto and 
t heref ro m; 
valve operating 
mechanism for 
operating the 
supply and ex- 
haust valves of 
both of said 
chambers and 

< emprising two 
chambers each 
having a flexi- 
1> I e diaphragm 
adapted to be 
ooerated by air 
i nder pressure, 
a vertically ar- 
langed oscillat- 
ing lever pivot- 

< d at its lower 
end and having 
a weight at its 
upper end, a 
ppring carried 
by said lever 
and t h r o u g h 

which movements of said diaphragm are 

an outlet, a partition in the first of said 
| sections, having a part cut away and ex- 
i tending across said section, the first of 
said sections having a wall thereof extend- 
ing into the second of said sections to form 
a partition within said second section 
non A. Younger, San Jose, Cal, assignor 
to Joshua M. Younger, San Jose, Cal 
Serial No. 516,169. 

A device of the character described com- 
prising a slideway, raising and lowering 
drums carried by said slideway, separate 
cables for each drum, shovels connected to 
said cables, shovel dumping means at one 


end of said slideway, tracks carried by said 
slideway, a carrier mounted on each "track, 
and means carried by the cables of the 
hoisting drums for causing said carriers to 
render the hoisting drums idle and the low- 
ering drums active after the shovels have 
been dumped. 

978,011. MIXING MACHINE. Charles E. 
Foote and Chester T. Foote, Nunda, N. 
Y., assignors to The Foote Manufactur- 
ing Company, a firm consisting of 
Charles S. Warner, Wilson H. Willard, 
Oscar J. Willard, Charles E. Foote, Fred 
G. Olp and Chester T. Foote, Nunda, 
N. Y. Serial No. 389,551. 
In a mixing machine, a tapering mixing 
drum having mixing-wings and discharge- 
wings secured to the inner sides of its walls 
and an opening through which the material 

is discharged, said discharge-wings having 
their free longitudinal edges bent at an 
alible to form scoops, and at least one Ol 
said discharge-Wings bent rearward at a 
point between it s ends. 

ANUARY 4, 191 1. 




delating to Municipal and Public Work — Street Improvements — Paving, Road Making, Cleaning and Sprinkling — Sewerage, 

Water Supply and Public Lighting — Fire Equipment and Supplies — Bridges and Concrete Work — Sanitation, 

Garbage and Waste Disposal — Police, Parks and Miscellaneous — Proposals and Awards 

To be of value this matter must be printed In the number immediately following its receipt, which makes it impossible for us to 
erify it all. Our sources of information are believed to be reliable, but we cannot guarantee the correctness of all items. Parties In 
harge of proposed work are requested to send us Information concerning it as early as possible; also corrections of any errors discovered. 




Received Dntil 

Nature of Work 

Address Inquiries to 

Kansas. Hutchinson. 

hio Cincinnati.. . 

onnecticut. . . . New Haven . 
eorgia Savannah. . . 

idiana Frankfort.. 

e\v Jersey Jersey City. 

Kansas Oskaloosa. 

ennsylvania.. . Erie 

ew York Albany. . . 

issouri St. Louis 

ebraska Geneva 

ebraska Plattsmouth.. 

lorida Palatka 

exas Wichita Falls. 

ew York Albany 

ew Jersey .... Salem .... 

idiana Rushville. 

ilifornia Chico 

ew York Albany. . . 








innesota Minneapolis Jan 

ilifornia Los Angeles. 

entucky.' Paducah. . . . 



'ashington. . 
ew Jersey. . 


ew Jersey. . 

Lake wood.. . 


Olympia. . . . 
Mt. Holly... 
Hamilton . . 




Buffalo . 

juth Dakota. 




ew Jersey. . . 



Ennsylvania. . 

ew York 

anitoba, Can . 

ew Jersey, 
ebraska . . . 

Aberdeen. . . 
Springfield . . 
Elizabeth . 
Checotah . . . 
Paducah.. . . 
Syracuse. . . . 






linois. . . 
ansas . . . 
iryland . 
•egon . . . 





Ft. Smallwood. 

uth Dakota. . Onida. . 
;w York Angola . 










6 Improv. 6 mi. of road including laying of 8,000 cu. ydi. of clay 

or gumbo, excav. 5,000 cu. yds. of earth & build. 6 culverts. 

6, noon Imp. Dick road from Howard's Crk. to Oxford road, Crosby twp. 

6 Furn. crushed stone dur. 141 1, inc. 8.000 tons screenings 

6 Furn. 4.000 cu. yds. cement gravel for improving and re- 
pairing roads 

7, 2 p.m Constructing 4 gravel roads 

9, 2 p.m Belgian block paving 1,400 sq. yds., 1,1 SO cu. yls. earth excav., 

and 250 cu. yds. earth and 340 cu. yds. sand fill; 3,500 sq. 

feet flag 

9, 10 a.m Grad. and macadamizing portions of James Neal et al. roads. . 

9, 8 p.m Paving 26th St., from Peach to Chestnut st 

9, 1 p.m Improving 2^ State highways in 12 different Counties, ranging 

from 1.21 to 8.58 mi long, total length, 99.65 miles 

10 Constructing a municipal asphalt plant 

10, noon Grad. and build, bridges in Fillmore County during 1911 

10, noon Grad. County roads; plans with D. C. Morgan, County Clerk. . 

10, noon Grad. and paving 5,071 sq. yds., curbing 3,837 lin. ft 

11 Pav. business dist. of city with various kinds of material 

Ill p.m Improving 24 State highways in 9 different Counties, ranging 

from 0.50 to 6.22 miles long, total length, 84.19 miles 

11 Grad. an 1 plac grav. and oyster shell surface, 5.05 mi. VVdstwn. 

1 1, 2 p.m Bldg. mac. rd. in Anderson twp., pet. for by J. A. Brown et al. . 

12, 7:30 p.m... . Grading and graveling 39 sections of streets; price per cu. yd. . 

13, 1 p.m Improving 20 State highways in 13 different Counties, ranging 

from 0.53 to 7.04 miles long, total length aggregating 84.29 mi. 

13. 7:30 p.m.. . Furn. paving material during 1911, inc. sandstone, creo. wood 
and vit, paving block; granite and sandstone curb, crushed 
granite, cement : 

16, 2 p.m Improving portions of Huntington Drive in Los Angeles County 

16, 3 p.m Bldg. sidewalks, etc., 3 jobs: concrete walks: 14,325, 23,000 

and 13,300 sq ft.; concrete driveways: .820, 800 and 380 
sq. ft ; concrete gutters: 2,900, 3,040 and 2.520 lin. ft.. 
granite curb: 2.900, 3,940 and 2.500 lin. ft.; L. A. Washing- 
ton, City Engineer 

16, noon Paving 3 aves., and one road ; Wm. H Evers Eng. Co., Arc. Clvld 

1 f 1 Paving 1 75,000 sq. vds. street surface with har 1 surface pave. . . 

18 Grad., drain., mac, etc.. State Aid rd. 99, Walla Walla Co.. . 

19,11 a,m Grav. rd. through Akron from Gardner's Cor. to Atlantic Co. line 

20 noon Imp. Dayton Pike Sycamore twp . Spec. No. 127; BondSl.000. 

21 Bldg. stone rd. 2.570 ft. long, from Tenafly to Alpine, Sylvan av. 

23 Road improvements to cost SI 70. 000 


6, 8 p.m Bldg. sewer system : 6,390 ft., 6-in.; 11,540 ft., 8-in.; 1910 ft., 

10-in.; 4,340 ft., 12-in. and 700 ft., 15-in. pipe sewer, 51 man- 
holes, 15 flush tanks; 22 lamp holes, house con., outlets, etc. 

7 Bldg. sewer system, as whole or labor and material separately; 

Olmsted & Gillelen, 604 Wnght & Callender Building. 
Los Angeles, Engineers 

9 Bldg. 5,600 ft. 12, 15 and 20-in. pipe sewer ext.. 14 manholes. . 

9. 8 p.m Bldg. 8-in. sewer on Brun st 

12 Bldg. sewer mains, outfall sewer and septic tank 

13, 7:30 pm.... Pum. Portland cement E01 sewer and street work, etc., in 1911 . . 

16, 8:30 p.m.... Furn. and lay 570 Et 10-in. 505 ft 8-in., sewer, m.h., etc.... 

16 Bldg. 11 miles 8, 10 and 12-in. san. sewer, disposal works, etc. . 

16, 3:30 p.m... . Constructing c.i. drain pipes, paving, etc.. 2 sts 

16 Constructing a sewer and water system for borough ■ . 

26 10 a m Bldg. Harbor brook intercepting sewer and imp. stream 

1 Furn. 31.000 ft. vit. sewer pipe etc . spring and summer. 191 1 


Spokane Jan. 

H. R. Hamma, County Clerk. 
Frel Dreihs, Clk, Countv Comrs. 
C. W. Kelly, City Engineer. 

A. B. Moore, Chm. County Comrs 
Charles F. Cromwell, County Aud. 

Geo. T. Bouton, Clk. St. & W. Bd. 
Geo. A. Patterson, Chm. Co. Comrs 
B. E. Briggs, City Engineer. 

S. P. Hooker, Chm. State Hwy Comn. 
W. B. Dryden. Secy. Bd. Pub. Imp. 
Uriah F Stanard, County Clerk. 
County Judge of Cass County. 
E. S. Crill, Chm. Bd. Bond Trustees. 
Mayor and City Council. 

S. P. Hooker Chm. State Hwv. Com. 
H. P. Gray Dir. Bd. Freeholders. 
Jesse M. Stone, County Auditor. 
B. F. Hudspeth, City Clerk. 

S. P. Hooker, Chm. State Hwy Com. 

Henry N. Knott, City Clerk. 
C. G. Keyes, County Clerk. 

Board of Public Works. 
B. M. Cook, Village Clerk. 
\V, A. Morse. City Recorder. 
H. L. Bowlby. Sec'y. St. Hwy. Bd. 
Earl Thomson, Co. Engr., Camden. 
Fred Dreihs. Clk. County Comrs. 
Franklin W. Hopkins, Mayor. 
Solomon Norcross, C.E., Atlanta, Ga 

E. L. Clarke, Engineer-in-Charge. 

C H Reed. Jr., City Clerk. 
F. W. Raymond. City Auditor. 
J. A. Eichmann, Village Recorder. 
W. H. Wheelan, City Clerk 

:ntucky Dayton 

nnsylvania .. . Masontown. 



6, 3 p.m ... Furn. and lay. water pipes and con at Tuberc. Hosp. at Soho . . 

6. 8 p.m Bldg. extensions and additions to water works system 

6. 2 p.m Furn. 3,600 ft. 18-in. water pipe to withstand working pressure 

of 125 lbs. per sq. in.; bidders' spec, and 3 copies of bids. . 

9. 7 :30 p.n Bldg. 100,000 gal. steel water tank on 100-ft. steel trestle 

9, noon Construe. 6-in. water mains in 3 sts.; F. A. Pease Eng., Cleveld. 

9 Constructing a $50,000 water works system 

10, 7 p.m Bldg. w. w. system; Burns & McDonnell, Scaritt bldg., K. C. Mo 

10 Bldg. pump house and install, pump, machinery at Fort. .... 

10. 4 p.m Furn. c.i. pipe, etc; 700 lengths. 30-in., 1,303 tons; 1,000 

lengths, 12-in.. 485 tons. J00 lengths 10-in., 114 tons; 10,000 
lengths 8-in., 2,575 tons; 1.0(H) lengths 6-in.. 190 tons; 
total 5 . 7 'J 2 tons; also 100,0 pecials, all del. f.o.b 

cars Albina Yard I'm 1 lani I 

11 Bldg. w. w. system . plans by Des Moines II lge & Iron C »., D. M 

11, 8 p.m Bldg. w.w. system; 850 tons (7.25 mi.) c.i. pipe. 50 fire hydrants 

38 valves and boxes, pumping station, inc. well, etc., 2 power 
pumps, 2 gas engines, steel standpipe, etc., furn, any or all, or 
for entire job. Witmer & Brown, Chapin Blk.. Buffalo. Engs. . 

13. 2 p.m Bids in triplicate for 100 4-in. and 30 6-in. hydrants; 50 6-in . 

25 8-in. 25 10-in. and 25 12-in. valves, c.i. bell and 50 6-in 
valves. Kal. bell 

16 Franchise to construct and operate w. w. system for 18 years. . 

16 Constructing a water and sewer system for Borough 

N. K. Thompson, Street Comr. 
W. W. Southard, City Engineer. 
L. A. Washington, City Engineer 
C. V. Cloud, Chm, Counc. Com. -in. -C. 
G. D. Holmes, Ch. Engr. Inter. S. Bd. 
C. R. Heath, Health Engineer. 

L. F. Voorhees, Chm. Com Bd. Fr'h 
J. T. Robbins. City Clerk. 

John Gifrord, City Purchasing Agt. 

E G. Finch, City Clerk. 

Nelson J. Brewer. Village Clerk. 

Mavor and City Council. 

Elmer E. Hines, Citv Clerk. 

Constr M., U.S. A'rmy, Ft. Howard 

I) I) Clarke. Engr.. Water Bd. 
E F. Brookings, Town Clerk. 

George L Peck, Clk. Village Trus. 

John Gifforl. City Purchasing Agt. 
C V Cloud, Chm. Council Com. 




Vol. XXX., No. i. 



Rbcbived Until 

Nature of Work 

Address Inquiries to 

Michigan Grand Rapids. . . Jan. 


Manitoba, Can. 

South Dakota 



New York. . 

Nebraska. . . 


Quebec, Can.. . 





Minnesota. . . . 


New Jersey. . . 


Washington. . 

Maryland . 



New York. . . . 





Pennsylvania. . 

Pennsylvania. . 
North Dakota. 

Kansas Cit y Jan. 

Souris Feb. 

Wessington Spgs. Jan. 

East St. Louis. . . Jan. 

('■irard Jan. 

New York Jan. 

Geneva Jan. 

York Jan. 

Newton Jan. 

Quebec Jan. 

Cincinnati Jan. 

Wichita Jan. 

Richmond Feb. 

WATER SUPPLY (Continued) 

1°, 8 p.m Bldg. fireproof w.w and filtration plant, one story, 178x178 ft., 

and repair shop, two stories, 40x66 ft.; cost 9400,000; Hering 

& Puller, Knurs 1 70 Broadway, New York City 

26 Bldg. horizontal shaft centrifugal pump, direct connected to 

vertical cross com engine, capacity 30,000,000 gals W. Kiersted, Ch. Engr. Water Dept. 

1 Furn. 425 ton-; c.i. water pipe, specials, fire hydrants, gate valves 

and boxes, pig lead, etc., in spring and summmer of 1911 

S. A. Freshney, Gen. Mgr., Bd. P. W. 


' Furn. material and bldg. 8 comb, steel and concrete bridges. . . . 

Bldg. 4 steel hwy. bridges, each 2 70 ft. long, cost $45,000 

Cone, work and bridge construction new road to Mosier Lane. . 

10, 2 p.m Bldg. elevator, stairs, drainage, ornamental work and elec. 

work for anchor piers of Queensboro Bridge over East river. . 

10, noon Constructing bridge fills and grading in Countv during 1911. . 

10 Erec. all steel and wood, bridges ordered dur. 191 1 by York Co, 

10, noon Erecting three iron and concrete bridges 

11 Construct, a bridge and appro, over the St. Charles river 

13, noon Bldg. concrete bridge on Cooper ave 

16 Bl Ig. pile bridge in Lincoln twp 

1, 4 p.m Plans, designs, detailed drawings, strainsheets. specifications 

and proposals for $225,000 rein, concrete bridge over James ri. 


J. W. Breakey, Secy. -Treasurer. 

Board of County Commissioners. 
H. D. Sexton, Pres. Sanitary Dist. 
Trumbull County Commissioners. 

Kingsley L. Martin, Bridge Comr. 
Uriah F. Stanar 1, County Auditor. 
H. F. Chapin, County Clerk. 

J. A. Hunter, County Clerk. 
W. D. Baillairge. 

Fred Dreihs, Clk. Co. Comrs. 
Jesse Leland, County Clerk. 

Charles E. Boiling, City Engineer. 

Shakopee Jan. 10 Furn. and install engine driven pump in power house Supt. Electric Lighting Plant. 

Dl Iuth Jan. 12, 4 p.m Furn a gas exhau-ter f.o b. Duluth L. N. Case, Mgr. Water & Lt. Comrs 

Columbus Jan. 13, 9 a.m Elec. wiring and heating plant for Ohio Penitentiary Marriott & Allen. Architects. 

Perth Amboy... . Jan. 15 Structural iron work on 200x200 ft., power house, 50 ft. high. . Public Service Electric Company. 

St. Louis Jan. 6. . 

Tacoma Jan, 16. 


Building engine house Board Public Improvement. 

3 p.m Furn. motor-driven comb, chemical engine and hose wagon; 

one motor-driven Aerial ladder truck; also auto roadster 
to carry tour persons L. W. Roys, Comr. Pub. Safety. 


E. Youngstown. . 


N. Brighton, S.I. 



Ottawa, Ont. 
Minneapolis. . 
Lake Charles. 

Pottsville. . . . 

La Moure.. . . 



Oklahoma Ardmore Jan. 


7, noon Bldg. City Hall 

8 Erect, a stone, brick and frame City Bldg; A. F. Thompson, Arch. 

10, 2 p.m Bldg. brick and stone addi. to Court house & jail, cell work, etc. 

10 Bldg. furnaces, steam boilers, etc., of Clifton destructor 

10, 12:30 p.m... Erecting Police Headqua'rters, 1st. Precinct Station and Police 

Court; $2,000 certified check with bid; $25 for plans: John 
Kevan Peebles, Archt 

11, 11 a.m Dredging and filling in the Key Route Basin: $50,000 security . . 

11, 4 p.m Bldg. 15-in. suction dredge- also bldg. wharf 

13. 7 :30 p.m.. . . Furn. Portland cement for filter plant, st. and sew. work in 1911 

16 Erect. $165,000 Court House, Fayrot & Livaudais, Archts., 

New Orleans 

1 7, noon Gen. contract for erect, bldg for insane at Schuylkill Haven. . 

20 Bldg. superstruc. of Vine st. pier; cost about $35,000 

20, 2 p.m Furnishing cor. galvanized culverts needed during 1911 

21, noon Dredging in Lake Calhoun and filling low lands and boulevard 

adjacent; 500,000 cu. yds. material to be moved; $1,000 

check with bid * 

23, noon All furniture to furnish and equip new County Court House. . . . 

Ward M. Eichelberger, Comr. P. P. 
P J. Carney, Jr., Village Clerk, 
las. N Hunter, Chm.. C. H Com. 
Geo. Cromwell, Boro. President. 

Board of Control of Norfolk City. 
Jas. W Nelson. Sec'y. Bd. Pub. Wks. 
R. C. Des Rochers, Sec'y. Bd. P. Wk. 
Henry N. Knott, City Clerk 

Police Jury. 

Chailes T. Straughn. County Cont. 
J. F. Hasskarl, Act. D. Dt. W. & D. 
C. J. Alister, County Auditor. 

I. A. Ridgway, Secy. Bd. Pk. Comrs 
R. F. Scivally, Chm. Bd. County Co 


Phoenix, Ariz. — Work will soon begin on 
proposed paving. 

Santa Monica, Cal. — City will make fol- 
lowing street improvements: Paving of 7th 
st. from California ave. N. to San Vicento 
blvd. in Palisades, estimated by City Engi- 
neer James at $24,000; Fremont ave. will be 
opened for distance of 14,100 ft. at an esti- 
mated expense of $14,879. Central ave. for 
570 ft. and South 8th si. for 386 ft. 

Sonoma, Cal. — City Trustees are consid- 
ering purchase of municipal rock crusher. 

Colorado Springs, Col. — Plans have been 
completed for parking six avenues at cost 
of $250,000.— T. AY. Waggener, City Engi- 

Brooksville, Fla. — Citizens will vote Jan. 
17 on $7,000 bonds for street improvements. 

Manatee, Fla. — Council has ordered con- 
struction of sidewalks on cross streets. 

St. Augustine, Fla. — Bids have been re- 
jected for paving Orange St.; committee 
has been appointed to take up matter of 
paving Bay si. 

Atlanta, Ga. — City Engineer R. M. Clay- 
ton estimated cost of repaving Spring st. 
at $200,000. 

Belleville, III. — City will pave number of 
streets at cost of , $70,730. 

Peoria, III. — Council has decided to pave 
South st. 

Rockford, III. — City is planning to mac- 
adamize l.'l miles of streets. 

Silvis, III. — Board of Trustees has decided 
to pave 1st ave. from 1st to 10th st.; cost 

Indianapolis, Ind. — Board of Park Com- 
missioners has passed resolutions for con- 
struction of a boulevard along Pleasant 
Run. from Beecher st. to Shelbv st. ; cost 
is $80,000.— H. W. Klausmann, City Engi- 

Maquoketa, la.— City is planning paving 
of 20 more blocks next spring. 

Sioux City, la. — Department of Streets 
is considering paving of 8th st., Jennings 
to Jackson, with concrete. 

Hutchinson, Kan. — County Commission- 
ers are considering construction of road in 
western part of Valley Township. 

Kincaid, Kan. — Rock road will be built 
from this city east 4 miles to county line. 

Topeka, Kan. — City Commissioners have 
decided to pave portions of 14th, Huntoon, 
Polk, 12th, and Chandler sts. with brick; 
13th, Muivane and King sts with asphaltic 

Colfax, La. — Grant Parish is consider- 
ering 15 to 20 miles of road. 

New Orleans, La. — City is considering 
paving portion of Orleans st. with mineral 

Baltimore, Md. — Harbor Board will con- 
sider three sets of tentative plans for con- 
struction of proposed water front street on 
south side of harbor as submitted by Har- 
bor Engineer Lackey. 

Boston, Mass. — Massachusetts Highway 
Commission, Harold Parker, Chairman, is 
planning to expend $500,000 for new roads. 

Springfield, Mass. — Board of Public 
Works is planning to construct street from 
c orner of Mill st. and Belmont ave. south 
of Mill River to Dickinson st.; cost $21,000. 

Detroit, Mich. — Department of Public 
Works will secure bids for paving alley 
with vit. brick at cost of $6,500.— J. J. 
Haarer, Commissioner. 

Grand Rapids, Mich. — Council has voted 
to issue $55,000 street improvement bonds. 

L'Anse, Mich. — Citizens will vote on $25,- 
000 bonds to build road from Herman to 

Glenwood, Minn. — Council is considering 
plans for large amount of paving; heavy 
concrete favored. 

St. Cloud, Minn. — City Engineer S. S. 
Chute has completed plans for paving of 
the St. Germain st. bridge; $7,500 available; 
plans call for four lines of 40-lb. I-beams, 
and old wooden stringers at present under 
bridge will be used for strengthening the 

Aberdeen, Miss. — City will not let con- 
tracts for paving until spring; cost, $50,000; 
$50,000 will also be expended to construct 

road leading into Aberdeen. — J. M. Acker, 

Jefferson City, Mo.— City is considering 
building of eight blocks of macadam paving 
in spring. — E. F. C. Harding. City Engineer. 

St. Joseph, Mo. — Board of Public Works 
is considering improvement of 5th st. and 
Shady ave. — Alfred Meier, President. 

St. Louis, Mo. — City has passed ordi- 
nance for paving 18th and 19th sts. 

Fremont, Neb. — -City is considering pav- 
ing of H st. 

Brown's Mills, N. J. — Maps, plans ana 
specifications for portion of the Brown's 
Mills and Lakehurst gravel road to be con- 
structed by Pemberton Township are be- 
ing considered by State Road Commissioner 
Fred. Gilkyson, of Trenton. 

New Brunswick, N. J. — Residents of Pis- 
cataway Township have asked for macad- 
amizing of portion of road from Main St., 
near Bound Brook to Cedar Lane, Pisca- 

Albuquerque, N. M. — City is considering 
paving of number of business streets with 
bitulithic. — F. H. Lester, Mayor. 

Frankfort, N. Y. — Taxpayers are consid- 
ering paving of Main st. — Richard Rose, 
1 'resident of Village. 

Scotia, N. Y. — Board of Trustees has de- 
cided to pave Scotia dyke and portion of 
Mohawk ave. 

Yonkers, N. Y. — City Engineer Cooper 
will draft plans for widening Warhurton 

Raleigh, N. C- — Wake County is consider- 
ing $300,000 bond issue for road building. 

Bucyrus, O. — City has sold $25,000 street 
improvement bonds to City Bank. 

Canton, O.- — Council has adopted resolu- 
tions for improvement of McKinley and 
Arlington sts.; cost of improving Sharb 
st. has been estimated at $23,693; Bellevue 
ave., at $6,211; Dewalt St., at $575; 4th st., 
at $5,362, and 10th St., at $10,360.- B H 
Weber, City Engineer. 

Cincinnati, O. — Approximate estimates 
submitted to Director Sundmaker by Engi- 
neer Shipley are: Depot st., 8th to Gest, 

iNL'ARY 4, 191 1. 



ith granite, $17,903.50; Seegar alley, with 
•anitoid, $1,259; Harlem pi., with brick, 

Cincinnati, O. — Council lias approved 
isolution to improve Linn st. with wood 
lock between car tiacks. 
Cincinnati, O.— Council Committee on 
treets has recommended paving of Sum- 
lers st. 

East Liverpool, O. — Council has passed 
ciinuiiee providing for improvement of 
radshaw ave. by grading and paving; also 
iving of St. George st. 

Hamilton, O. — Butler County Cornmis- 
oners will soon receive bids for construe- 
on of lower river road. — L. A. Dhlon, 
ounty Engineer. 

Massillon, O. — Council is considering ad- 
sability of repaving East Main st., Mill 
. to Erie St., and paving of Duncan, Erie, 
ill and Cherry sts. 

Tiffin, O. — Macadamizing Miami and Will 
. is being urged. — Charles .1. Peters, City 
ngineer; Edward Kuhn, Superintendent 

Portland, Ore. — Milwaukee, a suburb, has 
>ted to improve principal streets at cost 


Butler, Pa. — Residents of Clinton Town- 
lip, this county, and of Allegheny County 
•e urging improved highway from Alle- 
leny County line to Milierstown road, the 
iad passing Lardin's Mills. 
Norristown, Pa. — Springfield Township, 
ontgomery County, will have $20,000 
'ailable for construction of loads. 
Philadelphia, Pa. — Department of Public 
r orks has postponed opening of bids for 
ipairs to asphalt streets. 
Kingston, Tenn. — Roane County is con- 
dering $300,000 bond issue for good roads. 
Nashville, Tenn. — City will soon begin 
nstruction of proposed Capitol Blvd., to 
;tend from Church st. to Capitol grounds; 
st, $12,000.— W. W. Southgate, City En- 

Fort Worth, Tex. — Citizens will vote Jan. 
. on $300,000 bonds for streets. 
Greenville, Tex.- — City will soon begin 
iving about 10 miles of streets; $100,000 
>nd issue has been authorized. 
Lufkin, Tex. — City has decided to pave 

Seguin, Tex. — City will rebuild principal 
reel s. 

Suffolk, Va. — Nansemond County Board 
' Supervisors is considering $8,000 expen- 
Iture on permanent road improvements. 
Seattle, Wash. — Board of Public Works 
as approved plans for paving Western 

Spokane, Wash. — Board of Public Works 
is rejected bid of the Spokane Asphalt 
acadam Paving Co., only one received on 
iving of Wall St., Garland ave. to north 
ty limits; new bids will be sought. — Mor- 
n Macartney, City Engineer. 
Waitsburg, Wash. — Paving of Main st. is 
;ing urged. 


Lcs Angeles, Cal. — By Board of Public 
r orks, to Barber Asphalt Paving Co., Cen- 
al Bldg., for improving Pasadena ave. and 
;her streets, 16.08c. per sq. ft. for asphalt 
iving, 25.09c. per sq. ft. for brick paving, 
>.09c per sq. ft. for vit. brick gutters, 30c. 
;r lin. ft. for cement or asphalt curb pav- 
ig, $1.10 per lin. ft. for curb with angle 
on facing, $510 19 for steel concrete cul- 
ert at Ave. 19, $260.63 for vit. pipe culvert 
t Ave. 23, $209.55 for same at Ave. 31, $5,- 
)7 for storm sewer in Pasadena ave. and 
ve. 37, $3,168 for same in Pasadena ave. 
nd Woodside Drive, $2,414 for culvert and 
;wer in Arroyo del Cal, and $669.87 for 
torm sewer in Pasadena ave. and Ave. 26; 
) B. C. Nichols for improving Hartford 
ve., (a) 25c. per sq. ft. for asphalt paving, 
b) $2.85 per lin. ft. for grading and grav- 
ing, (c) 35c, per lin. ft. for cement curb, 
>c. per sq. ft. for cement gutter, 35c. per 
3. ft. for vit. block gutter: other bidders: 
ohn Balch, (a) 32c, (b) ll%c, (c) no bid; 
'avid Joy, <a) 35c., (b) 12c, <c) 35c; P. 
leim, (a) 35c, (b) 12M;C.. (c) $1.50. 
St. Augustine, Fla. — Furnishing street 
rader to Good Roads Machine Co., Ken- 
ett Square. Philadelphia, Pa. 
Chicago. III. — Building cinder sidewalks, 
> following bidders: Quinn Construction 
0.. 3519 W. Chicago ave.; John Hickey. 
102 W. 59th st.: Demlins & Wcndt, 84 
a Salle St.; Siervert Collsen Co., 3865 Mil- 
aukee ave.; Chas. Chambers & Son, 5248 
. Wood St., and Benjamin Sullivan, 7020 
hodes ave. 
Normal, III. — Paving Virginia ave. with 
rick, to Roy Williams. $6,880.26. 
Sioux City, la.— Paving 6th. 7th, 8th, 9th, 
»th, 11th. 12th. 13th and 14th sts., between 
earl and Jackson sts., to Flinn & Han- 
n, $1.18 per sq. yd. for concrete and $1.23 
;r sq. vd. for corrugated concrete; total, 

Carrollton. Mo. — Vit. b-iek paving, 7.:."" 
ds., to J. C. Likes, Des Moines, la., about 
10.000.— Brooks & Jacoby, Plunkert Bldg., 
Kansas City, Mo., Engineers. 

Mt. Pleasant, N. Y. — Improving Columbus 
and Commerce aves., to Molls and Murray, 
Yonkers, $45,000. 

St. George, S. I., N. Y. By George Crom- 
well, President, for furnishing all the labor 
and materials required for one 15-gross-ton 
steam toiler, with equipment, to the Buf- 
falo Steam Roller Co., 150 Nassau st.. New 

Wilmington, N. C— To Bowe & Page. 
Charleston, S. C, to pave 3570 sq. yds. 
of street with cem< nt gravel, 69%c. per 
sq. yd.; contract for 693 sq. yds. will he 
awarded later. — C. R. Humphreys, En- 

Akronj^O. — Paving three sections of road 
between Cuyahoga Falls and the Cuyahoga 
County line: Section 3, to Wildes & David- 
son. $38,682.64; Section 1, to E. McShaffrey 
& Son, $63,267.04; Section 5, to Paul & 
Heniy, $106,652.13. 

Washington, Pa. — County road improve- 
ments: Macadamizing Monongahela pipe, 
section No. 3, to Neelan & Daily. S. 21st 
and Sidney sts., Pittsburg, $21,422.75. and 
Monongahela pike, section No. 4, to Donora 
Construction Co.. $11,859.40; bricking Ros- 
coe-Stockdale road, to Hastings Piper, 52.- 
553.44; brick will be furnished by Pittsburg- 
Buffalo Co., $17.5D per M.; Meadowlands- 
Houstcn road, to Hallam Construction Co.. 
city, $31,980.48; brick will be furnished by 
four different firms, Pittsburg-Buffalo Co., 
Donley Brick Co., James M. Porter, To- 
ronto block, and James M. Porter, Ameri- 
can sewer pipe Porter block; each fur- 
nishes fourth of the bricks at $15 per M, 
except Donley Brick Co., which furnishes 
red clay brii k at $l%to0 per M. 

Denison, Tex. — To Roberts & McSpadden, 
Vinita, Okla., for completion of the $250,000 
road contract in Denison precinct; contract 
was abandoned by original contractor, 
Denis McNerney. of Muskogee, Okla., after 
work to the extent of $10,000 had been done. 

Martindale, Tex. — By Precinct No. 2 of 
Caldwell County, to Van B. Flowers, Lock- 
hart, at $1,500 per mile to construct 3% 
miles of gravel road; $25,000. 


Long Beach, Cal. — Improvement of Ala- 
mitos ave. roadway and ornamental stairs 
leading from East Ocean ave. to high tide 
line, S. N. Patterson, $4,970; A. S. Bent, 
$4,544; both of Los Angeles. 

Los Angeles, Cal. — By County Board of 
Supervisors, for improving portion of Val- 
ley road: George A. Rogers, Stimson Bldg., 
for grading and culverts on Section 1, $5,- 
500; Section 2, $2,500; oil macadam paving, 
$1.45 per ton; class A concrete, $14 per cu. 
yd.; c'ass C, $11; reinforcing steel. 5c per 
ib. : Oil Macadam Paving Co.. grading and 
culverts, Section 1, $9,411; Section 2, $4,- 
162; oil macadam paving, Section 1, $1.75 
per ton; Section 2, $1.49 per ton; class A 
concrete, $18 per cu. yd.; class C, $16; steel, 
6c; approximately 16,466 tons of oil mac- 
adam paving will be required on Section 1, 
and 7,549 tons on Section 2. 

Los Angeles, Cal. — Street improvements: 
Improving Elmyra St.. H. H. Curtis, 30c 
per lin. ft. for cement cu'b, 9.07c per sq. 
ft. for sidewalk; Paul H. Ehlers, 29.07c and 
9.07c; David Jov, 33c and 10.05c; Bonita 
pi., F. E. Low <a) $2.40 per lin. ft. for grad- 
ing and graveling complete, (b) 37c per lin. 
ft. for cement curb, (c) 18.05c per sq. ft. 
for cement gutter, (d) 34c. per sq. ft. for 
vit. Mock gutter: H. O. Richwine, (a) $3, 

(b) 37c, (c) 17c. (d) 35c; M. S. Cum- 
mings, (a) $2.49, (b) 39c. (c) 19c, (d) 47c; 
L. N. Davies, (a) $2.35, (b) 38c, (c) 18c, 
<d) 40c; T. F. White, fa) $2.35, (b) 39c, 

(c) 18c, <d) 45c; A. W. Reesemyer, (a) 
$2.21, (b) 38c, (c) 18c, (d) 50c; improving 
Alta St., II. IT. Curtis, 34c per lin. ft. for 
cement curb. 13c per sq. ft. for sidewalk. 
50c. per sq. ft. for asphalt curb; improving 
Ave. IS, Paul H. Ehlers. $29. 7c per lin. ft. 
for cement curb, 9.7c per sq. ft. for side- 
walk: David Joy. 35c. and lie; P. Helm, 
34c and 12y 2 c and $1.50 per lin. ft. for as- 
phalt wearing surface for curbs. 

Brooklyn, N. Y. — Paving with asphalt on 
concrete foundation Blake ave.. from Van 
Siclen ave to Logan st., as follows: (a) 
Barber Asphalt Pavins: Co.. 30 Church st.. 
New York City, *-J^.:5M1 : (b) Cranford Co., 
52 9th st.. Brooklyn, $27,217; (c) Uvalde 
Asphalt Co., 1 B'way, New York City. $25.- 
117. and (d) Borough Asphalt Co., Metro- 
politan ave. and Newtown Creek, Brook- 
l\n. 524,935 (awarded contract): 14,084 
sq. yds. asphalt pavt. (5 years' mainte- 
nance), a $1.02. b 88c, c 84c, d 82c; 
1.969 cu. vds. concrete for pavt. founda- 
tion, a $5." b $5.40. c $4.75, d $4.85; 1,030 
lin. ft. new curb, set in concrete, a 94c, 
. c 90c. d 89c; 5.840 lin. ft. old curb, 
in concrete, a 55c, b 55c, c 52c. 
d 50c 

BrooHvn, N. Y. — By Department of 
Parks, for repairing asphalt pavement on a 
concrete foundation the roadway of Eastern 
Parkwav extension and Glenwood ave: Bar- 
ber Asphalt Paving Co., 30 Church st.. $8.- 

305; Uvalde Asphalt Paving Co., 1 Broad- 
way, $7,305; the Cranford Co., 52 9th St., 
lirook.yn, $8,662. 

New York, N. Y.— Regulating, grading, 
setting curbstones, flagging the sidewalks, 
building approaches and placing fences in 
th< following streets: (a) Cromwell ave., 
Jerome ave. to Macombe road, (b> Boston 
load. White Plains road to north line of 
city, (c) West 176th st., Aqueduct ave. to 
Popham ave, (d) regulating, grading, set- 
ting curbstones, flagging the sidewalks, 
laying cioss walks, building approaches and 
drains, etc, and placing fences in Mt. 
Vernon ave., East 233d st. to northerly 
boundary line of the city, (e) constructing 
sewers and appurtenances in Walker ave., 
Westchester sq. and covering streets, in 
Benson ave., Westchester sq. and Walker 
ave.; Overing St., Westchester ave. and 
W T alker ave.; St. Peter's ave., Westchester 
ave. and Walker ave.; Rowland St., West- 
chester ave. and St. Raymond ave.; Zerega 
ave., Westchester ave. and Glebe ave.; 
Tratman ave., Zerega ave. and Benson 
ave.; Frisby ave., Zeiega ave. and Walker 
ave.; Glebe ave., Rowland st. and Overing 
st.; McClay ave., St. Peters ave. and Ben- 
s' n ave.: J. B. Malestesta, (a) $16,676, (b) 
$220,502, (d) $40,449; Thos. F. Murray, (a) 
$15,534; P. J. Hane Contracting Co., (a) 
$16,393, (c) $9,954; Antonio Cegrelli, (a) 
$15,722, (c) $10,097; J. C. Voorhees, (a) 
•$17,8H", (c) $9,187; S. Amanna, (a) $22,065, 
(c) 58,914; P. J. Duffy, (a) $18,583, (c) $9,- 
231; Standard Construction Co., (a) $18,- 
224. (c) $8,234; L. J. Moran, (a) $19,199, (b) 
$252,747, (C) $9,517, (e) $71,888; M. Di Menna 
Contracting Co.,, (a) $15,719; Jas. V. Tro- 
lissi, (d) $30,518; J. C. Re gers, Jr., (b) $240,- 
"82. <d) $43,310; Lamurea Contracting Co., 
fh) $222,201, (c) $8,676; Venton Contracting 
Co., (b) $243,447, (e) $75,689; Godwin Con- 
struction Co., (b) $247,882; C. W. McDonald, 
(b) $239,476; W. F. Murray, (b) $276,672, 
(e) $79,229; Alegro & Spalini, (b) $250,228; 
J. Damina (c) $8,574; S. Purifieago, (c) 
$8,270; Geo. M. Dunn, (e) $64,592; Leahy 
C< ntiacting and Construction Co., (e) $66.- 
934; Standard Construction Co., (e) $76,048; 
Melrose Construction Co., (e) $73,380; 
Aneita Construction Co.. (e) $66,927; Alamo 
Construction Co., (e) $67,480; S. Ammana & 
Lyons, (e) $68,447. 

Seattle, Wash.— Fifteenth ave. N. W. and 
W. 65th st.. grading and curbing: Hanson 
& Co.. 41C0 25th st. S. W., $7,987; East 45th 
St., paving, Barber Asphalt Paving Co., 
$17,661; P. J. McHugh, 3d ave. N. and 
Mercer St., $16,824.56; Ind. Asphalt Paving 
Co., Northern Bank B:dg., $16,969.85; wood 
side stop, Barber Asphalt Paving Co., $17,- 
661; P. J. McHugh, $17,047.76; Ind. Asphalt 
Paving Co., $16,657.37. 


Phoenix, Ariz.— Bids will be asked on 
$400,000 bonds for building sewer system. 

Bakersfield, Cal. — City proposes to ex- 
pend about $15,000 for sewers, to include 
about 1,500 ft. each of 6, 8, 10, 12, 14, 16 
and 18-in. pipe.— C. B. Greely, P. O. Box 
78, Engineer; H. F. Murdock, City Clerk. 

Calexico, Cal.— I. B. Funk, Imperial, is 
preparing plans and specifications for mu- 
nicipal sewer system; cost, $35,000. 

De Land, Fla. — Council is considering 
construction of sewer system. 

Galesburg, III. — City is considering con- 
struction of system of sanitary sewers; cost 
$60.000. — Geo. Sanderson, President Board 
of Local Improvements. 

Hoopeston, III. — Civil Engineer Frank 
Payne. Danville, has prepared plans of 
construction of drainage sewer system. — 
Robert Rodman, City Attorney. 

Danville, Ind. — Citizens will soon vote on 
$r,o.ono to $75,000 bonds for construction of 
sanitary sewer system. 

Mount Vernon, la. — Council is consider- 
ing installation of sanitary sewer system. 

Nevada, la. — Council has asked plans of 
installation of sewer system and disposal 

Auburn, Me. — City has awarded $24,000 
sewer bonds to Hayden. Stone & Co. 

Albert Lea, Minn. — Plans are being pre- 
pared by rity Engineer Barneck for sewer 
on William and other streets; cost $17,696. 

Joplin, Mo. — Council will consider ordi- 
nance authorizing election on $50,000 bonds 
for construction of septic tank sewerage 
system in South Joplin. —J. B. Hodgdon, 
City Engineer. 

Lincoln, Neb. — City Engineer Adna Dob- 
son will prepare estimate of cost and plans 
for sewer in District No. 107. 

Sparks, Nev. — Louis C. Kelsey, 250 3d St., 
Portland, Ore., has been selected to design 
and supervise construction of sanitary 
sewer system. 

Matawan, N. J. — Installation of sewer 
system is being considered. — T. P. Lloyd, 
Chairman Committee. 

Corona, N. Y. — City is considering con- 
struction of sewer system. D. W. Foley 
is interested. 



01 ' i t "3 s " ° n " Hudson. N. Y. stale Board 
- ,,.,:,;.' ' la f, •'■'■'my,,, plana of Ward 

m» w;!', , ,"'^, 1 :V l aUI > l! '-""» im ft C °of 
Ing Plant l """ 1 ' house ; "" 1 """>i- 

Richmond Hill L I m v di 

district; cost. abo'STlSo.oSS ^v'seatS? 
Director Public Service ' ljea tt>, 

000 Gr oS^s /le to V ' SSff'SiiSr an° d ed $5 t°'- 
sy-stem; village plans to ily p^esTo ColSnf 

ments se of Its improve- 

gs:^n ?Ks - -^ --- 

Carrick 'pP' Kelsey 250 3d St.. Portland, 
tarv ~ Th ° maS Hane ^ Borough Sec?* 

Vol. XXX., No. 

Ph ladeiphia. Pa. Erecting two operat- 
ing houses for sewage disposal plant at 
00.7118*26 "" r;l """ plan1 "' CoitoUo <S 

Waynesboro, Pa. installing 908 ft of 
sewer in Gyberton tract, to a k. Warner 

BlCaSS? P a CX - T " H,cka & tShfiSd 

nnii', '^ : „ n"" s , '', u !' 1 - 8ew „ er system, com 

8000% "V, ,• "' '--'"■• -■"'" ''«■ of 8-in., 

v w'-'vv; : ""' s,, " ir ,a,,k ' cost 

»*.*»o. \\ . .\. HTiddleson, City Clerk. 


Plainfield, N. J— Constructing two sew- 
age pumping plants, one at KEonroe ave 
;;; other a flainfield ave.. eac°h cost- 
ing oi motors, air compressors, ejectors 
re n c d eiv P r r with S ^ ices in ?«PllSte. M a™ 

i.inm st., New ^ork. N. Y $3 980 earh 

sl'r;;, •'■ s^? 1 ' rit >- surveys earh - 

e, ai tv Wash --Sewering 12th ave. N. 
Romhuffnl ,*♦ P ' ack ay. $30,190.75 V 
i 9 ° ma f, ha * Christopher, 6506 3d ave $25 - 
420. Krogh & Jessen, $27,265- Fereuson 
Construction Co.. $31.038 30 wood stave 
< R A eV -¥ P' acka V. $29,7-18.25: v. Romaglla 
f27? fi h - nSt -S phei '' $24889: Krokb & Jesfen 
$27,|65; Ferguson Construction Co., $30, 


*€n ?9/l ? ^er^riobife 300 ' 000 


£ g ff^f VVm^Wr ifc^r 

to Mer a y n -^e a .l"c? Uil c d it^ Hf? ^ ke sewer ' 
-same bidder, $7 947' ' ' 36th St sewer to 

g e ?es an9 fo'r Ca u«a,? R * Werdin - r ^ An- 
$167000. ' sewer system; about 

Atlanta, Ga.-To Chester A. Dady, Brook- 

M < !la ■ m c ,', ( r n!,, . ,llln s Engineers; R. 
n,i+l„ A 'U Engineer. 

gmeering Co., Savannah and ffiSSS, gfc 

. Chicago, III.— Building sewers to follow 

ave Jos. naviairT^^anis^^' 
Thos Burke, 1648 McLean ave $4 V q 2 ' : 
Phillips ave., Christino Tosco $3 438 n' 
40th ave.. Christino Tosco, $6,519* W 40tli 

Co. $3^00: Jefferson st. and Baxter ave 

Santa Ana, Cal Citizens „,mi „.. 

vote on «"n nnn k„Jj V zens ^"1 at once 
r^v o * ii 00 bonds to improve water sup- 
ply as follows: Well, $3,000; pump flfiooo- 
work on reservoir, about $16,000 * lh ' 000 - 

WateV Co ra n« iSC ,°' Ca '— Pine ' Mountain 
* a, nnn \ been 'ncorporated, capital 

■•■'•O'l.noo to own and operate water and 
nower plants. Duncan McDufBe W G 
SS J and C L > C °r7 ,f nd c ot hers, ail of 
Directora. aIK ' an Fr ancisco, 

Stockton, Cal.— National Board of Fire 

nde-wnters has recommended followinl 
.mprnvemen,. at pumping plants: siktiorf 
wo 1 two additional pumps, 5 000 000 sals 
capacity each: two additional boilers S0- 
h.p. each and minor work- Station Nn ? 
connections at earliest date to at least one 
additional power circuit, also installation 

StanforH ° f }?,• 1 t an . a 20 - in - mains. t,n 
Brmhin pi ,,, :— En Sineers Melluish & 
Krojhill Bloomington, has estimated cost 

w f orks nS it UC S t i 1 4 ^ Pr ^ OS ? d -7 stem "f wa?lr 
Clerk * 6 - 458 -— W. C. Murphy, Village 

Steamboat Rock, la.— Town is niarmi™ 
to install water works system ,,,annin g 

wiftp*'wSa b K a nV City has so,d * 2oonn ° 

c^■fe C ,,,Tra";, K I11 a n ins ^ ' 0,mCi, h&S deClded to 
Stafford. Kan— City has sold $55 000 
water and light bonds to Farmers' Na 
tional Bank. a " 

to La ^n«f e ' Mass — ^"ater Board has voted 

to adopt recommendation of Morris 

'" V ro e 1n^n Sl,,ting Engineer. Pittsburg 

t,w 2 Install new engine at pumping sta- 

wLJif i2f°22" est] mated cost of engine, 
strmtion f Ma «»— City is considering con- 

with r™ n ?l-i torag t e system ,n eonnection 

"nn 'iiantville system. 

Homer, Mich— p. A . Contrite. Lansing 
has prepared plans for water works sys 

Easton. Minn, citizens haV e voted to 
wect Steel tower and tank. -S. R. Johnson 
' 1 1 > Kecorile*'. 

somnc^n 1 ' Minn - -Dal.ney If. Maury. Con- 

,, III ff E , n er inee r Municipal Research Com- 

1 ""• ha s recommended three new wells 

|| the low ground near Mississippi Rive-- to 

Z:/TX:l w] \ h fif c trically-driven pumps, 
"s .f.!0.000: electric Dumps for six wells 
ust completed at McCarron's Lake:' laving 
a 36-in. mam from the high service reser- 
voir to Dale and Front sts.. and a 30-in 
main from that point to Lexington and 

1^?. Mayor. aVeS ' ; °° Sl * 150,00a H rv T ^ 

is^f^l '," 111 ', 1 ' wil] '"■ received .Jan. 
■it v iai t a ,'" ,n , ,,s f '" •: vaf " r work s and 

cJ 7- J m a Massengill, Mayor. 

Edina. Mo.— Construction of water works 
is being considered 

s. •?!?■, t!f, nd , Neb -T V1,la € e is considering in- 
lleotric Hghts SyStem ° f "' :, " > '' WOrks and 

Elizabeth, N. J.- -James H. Fuertes Cor 

K?at e C r°p , iSn? 0n """ " r " posed muni -'' ; 

As^fciafi?^' i N - J -, Olbtaboro improvemer 
staTla i r r w. ml< • , ' < '• s, , , •' 1 *" propoBed in 
siauation 01 water works plant 
Raton N. M. .;. ,i Webster, Jr., Den 

[he c onstru ction oi a 50p.000-gal. reservoli 
'" »ned with cement, and 76,000 ft. o 

River to n W ^,H r from Cimmanoncit, 
, , l Raton distance, 7 miles 
Lockport. n. Y. Bids Will be asked fo 

buUding drains and water pipes fnthre. 

l,v' S addi, l f', N ,' C - Bu , ck eye Water Co. wil 

stora|freser^oir PiPe &nd c " nst ™* 

Charlotte, N. C— Water Commissioner 

i :;,'';;cr;" ,lod to ^ oard ° f Aile?mer 

i lull in Pipe t0 Catawaba River tc 
n ,, a " ll,n(l ' water supply; about 
«"'n lu i . Ka,Ions daily; cost, $275,000 tc 
*.,ii0,000.— Josepn Firth, City Engineer 

Durham, N. C.-Board o/ Aldermen will 
™ln n %l^ Se ? bly for authority to 

mmo m ?nt ,0 e°f b ° t nds for Purchase and 
impio\<ment cf water works 

sultint 5 ^'; N - C --White &■ Piatt. Con- 
suiting Engineers, Durham, are preparing 
Plans for $25,000 water works plant. * 

Statesville, N. C— J. C. Steele desires 
m'iin S -M00 V ft ed f ° n - 2 ' 50 ° ft " of 4-?n. wafer 
sewef mains and 1,00 ° ft - of 4 " in - 

■ihom ar Ka, ree , k 'f°-^ Bids . wi " be received 
works v A 1 ' cons truction of water 

„■ \u L ; E. Chapin, Canton, Engineer- 
W - A. Halm. Village Clerk. "S'"eer, 

loi w«te? k i a A~i Citiz ? ns - have v °ted bonds 
ioi watei works extensions. 

on flTonn' Okla.-Citizens will again vote 
wnr-l w i? Cl D f °f construction of water 

nLfnTT ■ ^- Porter . City Clerk. 

Oklahoma City. Okla.— Citizens will vote 
•Jan. 10 on $1,225,000 bonds to carry oil 
Krk^V' D /- A1 ^ander Potter 

IViwl ♦ • f ?^ r adequate water system. 
$50 000 l for n '^^r City * wiil ex P^nd about 
and fVl^n ' ty system of water works 
and ?JO,000 for sewers, if citizens vote in 
{vash °£ same -C. H. Green? Spokane 
Sorder gineer: S ' E ' Rich ardson, City 

Huron, S D._ Bids will be received about 

mc hiding ™ nn°n 1Str r- ti0n of water works 
»00 000 «i /5 ?' 000 -^ aI - concrete reservoir. 
^00,000-gal. elevated tank, a 1,400-gaI Der 
minute pumping plant: alternate bfds wfll 
be received on steam, oil engine or zan 
producer plant: cost $40,000.^"!. Wolff 
St. Paul, M,nn.. Consulting Engineer 

for A constriSrn~ C T ti2ens , ^^ ^' bids 

rot consti notion of reinforced concrete fil- 
tering renches: cost, about $io?000 — M 

redell cu'!-' ^E^'neer-in-Charge G. S 
ireoetl, t ity Engineer 

Elkhart, Tex.— Citizens will vote on 

ire" " S n (1 O, ' 1 n C0nS ^ UCtion of water works for 
tire and domestic purposes- nearbv snrin^ 

wSer 6 ^^ f ° r " ate '- -PP" wVbu'iUI 
has^ecom^me^i ,T ex — Engineering Board 
?v™,m m ,f u 1 n mme<liate repair and im- 
*fi7 5ni - "J Z- Holly pumping station, cost 
Sb7.o00. erection of filter beds and settline- 

e a £Siis C Z a P C r,V ty Y WM 1 ?a,s - *60 OOofVaV,? 
anJ i ™- nt - of sol| thside artesian field 
Pnlei m o° r ""Provements, $6,300.— T J 
Light Commiss,oner Water, Streets and 

fo, R const nw tT CiU /- en * t have voted bonds 

im^, , u ' n " n of water works. 

M.dvale, Utah. -Salt T.ake County Water 
Sonnet 8 Mked f ° r '°- year franchise from 

Norfolk, Va —Preliminary plans have 
^o? SWJ Engineers W P K^Palmer 
Lo.. Dwight Bldg.. Kansas Citv Mo for 
improvement and enlargement' ' of water 

bonder ?, W f rt i h - Wash — Citizens have voted 
Donas tor water svstem 

tt , Po ? Town send. Wash. -City will con- 

dc'son.'^tyl^rk" ***" mai "-«-. A^- 

Basin, Wyo— Preliminarv plans are be- 

ritt Sn " y R "; ns & McDon^ellfscar. 

wate?fck? nSaS ' " v M °- for Proposed 

ritV P p? n i Wyo.— Burns & McDonnell, Scar- 
ritt Bldg.. Kansas City. Mo., are preparing 
preliminary plans for water works plant 


citv hiP o e &hi!n2-~' ro Moore & Gammon, 

city, to rebuild water works- cost $20 000 

Hunt.ngton. Ind.— Laying' 1,700 ft of 

trunk sower in 7th st. to Amos Tramo?! 

b,riidh^ St0Wn ' °; To '- Adavasio, citv. for 
earth ^ l " m '''<'<<: work and removal of 
earth in connection with building of new 
Co t ;; "• s, ; rvo, i! ''"'• Commercial Water 

e-;., to, '? 1 1 cos < will he $800,000. 

Stdwell. Okla. To Southwestern En-' 

ftroeTson 8 !-'"• f ok,aho !» a city, .o" ,!;"- 

sti u< Hon ol watei works 

Jan uaky 4, i ;i i. 



Richmond, Va. — Cleaning out the new 
oir to A. W. Maynard & Co., $6,294. 

Walla Walla, Wash.— To Gilbert Hunt 
Co., city, for furnishing 6,000 ft. of 20-in. 
steel water main, $5,996. 


Cimarron, N. M. — Construction of gravity 
system of water works, Cooke-Gregory 
Eng. Co., Joplin, Mo., lowest bidder, as fol- 
ows: 13,350 lin. ft. 8-in. wood stave pipe, 
:omplete, 44.5c; 23,560 lin. ft. 6-in. wood 
stave pipe, in place, 36c; 1,350 cu. yds. 
szcav. in reservoir, 40.5c, 200 cu. yds. 
■oncrete, $6.50; 130 cu. yds. ground clay 
puddle, $1.10; 4,565 lbs. cast-iron pipe, 
855 lbs. special castings, 5.75c; 
12.973 lin. ft. 8-in. wood stave pipe, com- 
plete, 55c; 12,380 lin. ft. 6-in. wood stave 
;>ipe, in place, 44c; 7,455 lbs. special air 
trap, 5.75c; total, including valves, hy- 
Jrants, etc., $32,329. Total of other bid- 
Mrs: Midland Con. Co., Ft. Scott, Kan., 
Hibbs Hardware Co., Raton, N. M., 
Marshall Bros., Las Animas, Colo., 
(40,605; S. B. Morrison, Denver, Colo., $41,- 
K0; McKay & Reed, Salt Lake City, Utah, 
(45,198; Westcott-Doan Invtmt. Co., Den- 
ver, Colo., $45,067; MacArthur Bros. Co., 
\necipo, 111., $45,805; P. O'Brian P. Co., 
Denver, Colo., $46,938: W. D. Lovell, Min- 
leapolis, Minn., $46,958; T. A. Hayden, 
5anta Fe, N. M., $49,576; H. B. Ikler, Glen- 
vood Springs, Colo., $43,000.— T. W. Jay- 
:ox, Denver, Engineer. 

Fort Crook, Neb. — Construction of reser- 
voir and well, J. W. Turner Improvement 
3o., 309 Youngerman Bldg., Des Moines, 
a., lowest bidder, $14,000 for reservoir and 
15.000 for well. 

Lincoln, Neb. — Furnishing water pipe: 170 
:ons of 16-in., 35 tons of 12-in., 150 tons 
)f 6-in., 75 tons of 4-in. and five tons of 
specials, class C standard specifications: 
J. S. Cast Iron Pipe and Foundry Co., Chi- 
:ago. 111., $10,645; Dominick Pipe Co., Kan- 
as City, $10,814; American Cast Iron Pipe 
?o., Scarritt Bldg., Kansas City, Mo., $10,- 
64. — James Tyler, "Water Commissioner. 

Portland, Ore.— By Water Board for 200 
ire hydrants: Glamorgan Pipe and Foundry 
'o., $7,000; J. Wood Iron Works Co.. $7,950; 
,udlow Valve Mfg. Co., $8,040; R. D. Wood 
i Co., $8,200; Caldwell Bros. Co., J8.296; 
Iddy Valve Co., $8,700; Phoenix Iron Works, 
6,900.— D. D. Clarke, Chief Engineer Water 


Elsinore, Cal. — M. L. Gamburn and Mrs. 
I. A. Gardner have applied for a 50-year 
as franchise from Council; will drill for 
atural gas. 
Jacksonville, Fla. — Jacksonville has pur- 
fiased site for erection of proposed power 

Indianapolis, Ind. — Southern Indiana 
ower Co. has been incorporated, capital 
100,000, to build and equip power plants 
>r generating and distribution of eiec- 
icity for lighting and power purposes, 
red E. Mat son, Thos. N. Stllwell and 
/"m. J. Henley are Directors. 
Adair, la. — Town has voted to establish 
lectric light plant at cost of $10,000. 
Atlantic, la. — Bids will be received about 
[arch 1 for improving the electric light 
nd power plant and combining it with the 
ater works; cost $40,000.— T. E. Nichols, 
ity Clerk. 

Hamburg, la. — Citizens have voted to 
ant E. B. Hillman. of Peoria, 111., fran- 
lise for electric light plant. 
Redfield, la. — Installation of electric light 
lant is being considered. 
Kansas City. Kan. — Citizens will vote 
eb. 7 nn $350,000 bonds to build and equip 
ectric light plant. 

Lexington, Ky. — Fayette Lighting Co. is 
iving plans prepared under supervision of 
. H. Peck, General Manager, for electric 
>wer plant. 

Crowley, La. — Council has passed resolu- 
on for improvement of the electric light 
ant. authorizing purchase of a 110-h.p. 
igine and a 150-kw. dynamo and a 75-kw. 

Browns Valley, Minn.— Citizens will vote 
n SlO.noo bonds for installation of electric 
ght plant. 

Fergus Fall, Minn. — City is considering 
stallation of steam turbine or gas engine 
ant for electric lighting system. 
Warsaw, Mo — S. O. Morris, Continental 
ower ■& Development Co., Clinton, has 
irchased Arnolds mills property and will 
irnish electric light and power to city; 
)wer will be obtained from Niangua 

Fallon, Nev. — Council is reported to be 
tnsidering construction of electric light 

Glbbsboro, N. J. — Gibhsboro Improvement 
ssociation is interested in proposed in- 
flation of electric light plant. 
Matawan, N. J. — Standard Gas Co. will 
ake proposition for lighting streets. 

Bolton, N. Y. — Public Service Commis- 
sion has authorized Bolton Light & Power 
Co. to exercise franchise granted it for 
furnishing of electricity and also author- 
ized company to issue $125,000 capital stock 
and $10,000 bonds for const ruction and 
equipment of plant. 

Oswego, N. Y.- Mayor Fitzgibbons has 
ii authorized to employ hydraulic en- 
gineer to examine plans for the new power 
house for city; plans were prepared by 
Timothy Buckley, of Water Department. 

Carrington, N. D. — Stern Electric Co. has 
applied to Council for franchise to install 
electric lighl plant. 

Stanley, N. D. John 1 .Moore. Minot, has 
petitioned Council for franchise for electric 
light plant. 

Kenton, O. — Kenton Gas and Electric Co. 
lias requested extension of its franchise: 
company lias given Council to understand 
that if extension is made a new $65,000 
plant will be built at once. 

St. Mary's O.— St. Mary's Machine Co., 
St. Mary's, has secured contract to con- 
strue t gas producing plant at electric light 
plant; about $18,500. 

Stilwell, Okla.— To Southwestern En- 
gmeering Co., Oklanoma Citv, for construc- 
tion ot electric light plant; cost, $5,000 

Canyon City, Ore.— Oregon Light and 
Power Co. is planning to install electric 
plant at Magoon Lake to furnish light and 
power for Day Valley. \V. C. T'arrish, 
Bake»- City, is interested. 

McKeesport, Pa.— Home Light Co. will 
apply for charter to furnish light and 
power. — Simon F. Loeb. Henrv Firestone 
and .lacrb Roth, Incorporators. 

Pittsburg, Pa.— Select Council has adopt- 
ed resolution introduced by Dr. DiUinger. 
which instructs Director of Public Works 
to report estimated cost of eonstructing 
electric light plant. 

Steelton, Pa, — Steeltcn Light. Heat and 
Power Co. is planning erection of electric 
plant and within next six months expect to 
be furnishing electric power from plant in 

Erwin, Tenn. — Nolichucky Power Cor- 
poration has plans and estimates for pro- 
posed water power electrical plant, to cost 

Corpus Christie, Tex. — F. IT. Lancashire, 
Dallas, will draw up form of gas franchise. 
Fort Stockton, Tex. — Pecos County Com- 
missioners have granted franchise to Clay 
Brcs.. San Angelo, to construct and operate 
electric light plant. 

Georgetown, Tex. — Council has retained 
F. H. I ancashire, Dallas, to make plans 
and specifications and advise as to recon- 
struction of the old lighting and water 
plant.— R. E. Ward. Mayor. 

Lexington, Va. — Rockbridge Power Corpo- 
ration. John L. Rivers, Buena Vista, En- 
gineer, has purchased water power, poles, 
wires, cables, etc., of Lexington Light & 
Power Co., and will extend lines to Lex- 
ington and operate plant. 

New Market. Va.— J. D. Manor & Co. 
desire prices on 600-hp. producer gas plant, 
ci mplete. 

Roanoke, Va. — Roanoke Gas & Water Co. 
will purchase water gas set and 75,000-ft. 
gas holder during year. 

Aberdeen, Wash. — Citizens Lighting and 
Power Co. will ask for franchise to fur- 
nish light and i ower. 

Martinsburg, W. Va. — Martinsburg Power 
Co. will erect brick addition. 

Bloomer, Wis. — Bloomer Electric Light 
and Power Co. has been incorporated to 
supply village with electric light and pow- 
er; capital ?25.000. 

Lena. Wis. — United States Manufacturing 
Co. will purchase producer gas plant and 
engine in near future. 

Prairie du Sac, Wis. — Wisconsin River 
Power Co. is considering the construction 
of power dam. 

Basin. Wyo. — Preliminary plans are being 
prepared by Burns & McDonnell, Scarritt 
Bldg.. Kansas City, Mo., for proposed elec- 
tric light plant. 

Upton, Wyo. — Burns & McDonnell, Scar- 
ritt Bldg., Kansas City, Mo., are preparing 
preliminary plans for electric light plant. 


Elmo, Col. — Lighting streets during year, 
to Pacific 'las and Electric Co., only bid- 
der. Jfi.nn each for 16-c.p. lights per vear 
and ?84 for each 2,000-C.p. light. 

Jackson, O. — Improving electric light 
plant: To Ball Engine Co., for engine; to 
Scioto Valley Supply Co.. beater and 
pumps; to Ft. Wayne Electric Works, for 
generator, switchboard and street lighting 
outfit.- Capitol Eng. Co., 48-50 N. Third St.. 
Columbus, O., Engineers. 

Brattleboro, Vt. — Village has voted to 
make 10-year contract with Twin State Gas 
and Electric Co. for 100 lamps to burn all 
night at $20 per lamp per year. 

Hoquiam, Wash. — Five-year lighting con- 
tract. to Grays Harbor Gas Co., by City 
Council; contract calls for installation of 

boulevard gas posts erected on the main 
streets; outskirts will be lighted by Tung- 
sten lamps. 

Winnipeg, Man., Can. — Furnishing over- 
head line supplies for the Power Distribu- 
tion System: To Northern Electric & Mfg. 
Co., Ltd., for western cedar poles, $16,376; 
cross-arms, $109; hardware supplies, $2,129, 
and pins and brackets, $195. To the Steel 
Co. of Canada, Winnipeg, Man., for 8,000 
machine bolts, $700, and for guy wire, $471. 


Stockton, Cal. — National Board of Fire 
Underwriters has recommended purchase 
of following equipment; Two first-class en- 
gines and one second-class, auto chemical 
engine for auxiliary squad, auto combina- 
tion chemical and hose wagons for three 
companies, either Ahorse hitch and quick- 
raising mechanism for present ladder truck 
or auto 75-ft. quick-raising aerial truck, 
chief's auto, turret pipe for hose wagon 
No. 2 and minor equipment. 

San Francisco, Cal. — Fire Commissioners 
are considering erection of fire station on 
Brazil ave. 

Augusta, Ga.— Fire Committee has rec- 
ommended purchase of Webb combination 
auto engine and hose wagon for new en- 
gine house. 

Gridley, III.— Bids will be received for 
purchase of 300 ft. of 2-in. fire hose.— C. R. 
Rowley, Village Clerk. 

Belmond, la. — City will purchase quantity 
of hose in near future. — M. A. Holtzbauer, 

Kansas City, Kan. — Citizens will vote 
Feb. 7 on $50,000 bonds to build central 
fire headquarters. 

Chicopee, Mass. — Special Aldermanlc 
Committee is favorable to purchase of one 
or more motor-driven trucks for fire de- 

Eveleth, Minn. — Council is considering 
erection of fire hall. 

Meridian, Miss. — City is planning to erect 
three fire stations and repair central fire 
station. — I. F. Etiiridge, Inspector. 

Jefferson City, Mo— City is considering 
purchase of 1,000 ft. of fire hose.— Geo. N. 
Winston, City Clerk. 

Plainfield, N. J. — Fire Chief Doane has 
recommended purchase of either steam or 
motor fire engine and placing underground 
of at least one section of overhead wires 
during year. 

Manchester, N. H. — Erection of fire tele- 
graph station is being considered. 

Akron, O. — Council has passed ordinance 
to issue $3,300 bonds to purchase fire chief's 
auto wagon and chemical engine. — Dow W. 
Horter. Clerk. 

Cleveland, O.— Public Safety Director 
Hogen is planning to erect two fire stations 
on east side and two on west side. 

Norwalk, O. — Board of Control will ask 
for new bids for furnishing combination 
hook and ladder truck. — Mayor Venus, 

Hood River, Ore. — Fire department is 
raising funds for purchase of new equip- 

East Providence. R. I. — Town is consid- 
ering purchase cf auto fire truck for Wall- 
market district: $5,000 available. 

Pawtucket. R. I. — Committee on City 
Property will investigate matter of site for 
fire station in South Wood'awn 

Fort Worth, Tex. — Citizens will vote Jan. 
11 on $120,000 bonds for fire and police de- 

Spokane, Wash. — Council has decided to 
erect proposed Altamont fire station at 17th 
ave. and Pittsburg st. 

Psndom Lake, Wis.— Citizens have voted 
$ bonds for purchase of engine, hose 
cart and 1.500 ft. of hose; also for erection 
of fire station. 


Chico, Cal. — Furnishing second size steam 
tire i ngine. Metropolitan type, to Ameri- 
can-La France Co., Elmira. N. Y.. $5,750. 

Oakland, Cal. — Furnishing temporary ca- 
ble for underground system for fire and 
police telegraph, to Standard Underground 
Cable Co., 37.7c. per ft. 

Boston, Mass. — Furnishing 1,250 ft. 2*£- 
in. 4-ply "Maltese Cross" rubber fire hose, 
coupled in ."0-ft. lengths, capped ends, to 
Gutta Percha and Rubber Manufacturing 
Co., J1.25 per ft.; to Combination Ladder 
Co., for 1.250 ft. "White Anchor" rubber 
fire hose. $1.49. 

Dallas. Tex.— Furnishing fire hose: 2,000 
ft. Paragon brand, $1.15 per ft., to Eureka 
Fire TTose and Manufacturing Co.: 500 ft. 
Bay state Jack el brand. $1 per ft., to Bos- 
ton Woven Hose and Rubber Co. ; 500 ft. 
Goodrich brand, $1 per ft., to the Chicago 
Fire Hose Co. 

Weatherford, Tex. — Building fire station 
and city hall, to Johnson Sons & Co. 



Vol. XXX , No. I 


New York, N. Y. — Furnishing and deliv- 
ering two gasoline propelled and pumping 
engines: \\ ebb Fire Apparatus, . r >a wesi 
Broadway, city, $16,500; Watrous Fire En- 
gine Co., $17,000. 

Rochester, N. Y. Furnishing 2,800 tt, of 
cable tor Fire Department, Standard Un- 
derground ("able Co., only bidder, 27.8c. 
per foot 


Corcoran, Cal. Board of Supervisors of 
Tulare County, Visalia, have decided to 
build 600-ft. trestle bridge over Tule River. 

Fullerton, Cal. — Bond eleetion will be 
called on $10,000 for construction of a con- 
crete bridge. 

Hanford, Cal. — Board of Supervisors of 
Tulare County have decided t<> construct 
«00-ft. trestle over Tule River. 

Pasadena, Cal. — Bids are being taken by 
Long & Gary, 10 South Raymond ave., for 
construction of a 350-ft. concrete bridge 
across Arroyo Seco from Prospect Square 
to Arroyo St.; plans have been drawn by 
Engineers Williams & Nishkian. 423 Cham- 
ber of Commerce Bldg., Los Angeles. 

Santa Ana, Cal.— Plans for the construc- 
tion of highway bridge at Newport Bay 
have been prepared by Engineer S. H. 

Macomb, III. — Special Committee Mc- 
Donough County Board of Supervisors has 
recommended construction of proposed 

Normal, III. — Board of Local Improve- 
ments is considering construction of pro- 
posed Sugar Creek bridge. — Melluish & 
Broyhill. Bloomington, Engineers. — J. H. 
Keyes, City Clerk. 

Great Bend, Kan. — Liberty Township has 
voted bonds to build bridge across Arkansas 
River at Dundee. 

Lawrence, Kan.— City has decided to 
construct 46-ft. bridge over Toy Creek. 

Leavenworth, Kan. — County Commission- 
ers have adopted plans for building nothing 
but concrete bridges. 

Fitchburg, Mass. — City Engineer T. J. 
Sheehan has recommended erection of new 
bridge at Nassau St. 

Holyoke, Mass. — City Engineer J. L. 
Tighe has recommended gradual replacing 
of old bridges with new, beginning with 
Cabot st. second level canal bridge. 

Joplin. Mo. — Council will consider ordi- 
nance authorizing election on $40,000 bonds 
toward construction of viaduct along 
Broadwav across Kansas City bottoms; 
total cost, $120,000.— J. B. Hodgdon, City 

Jersey City, N. J. — Boulevard Commis- 
sioners will expend $15,000 in improving 
Boulevard bridge near Pennsylvania Rail- 

Syracuse, N. Y. — William S. Manning. 
Engineer, is planning the construction of 
a 250-ft. bridge in connection with Bridge 
st. extension work. 

Webb,- N. Y. — Town is considering erec- 
tion of $2,500 bridge across River. 

Akron, O. — Plans are now being pre- 
pared for erection of a concrete bridge 
over Erie tracks at Brewster's crossing on 
South Main st. — John Payne, City Engi- 

Columbus, O. — Plans are being prepared 
by the County Surveyor of Franklin Coun- 
ty for construction of a bridge over Black- 
lick Creek to provide the extension of East 
Broad st.; cost $18,000. 

Germantown, O. — Montgomery County is 
considering erection of reinforced concrete 
bridge over Twin Creek; preliminary plans 
being made. — Ed. Moritz, Dayton, Engineer. 

Portland, Ore. Tentative plans will bo 
prepared by Waddell ft Harrington, Con- 
sulting Engineers, Kansas City, Mo., for 

the construction of the bridge at Ellsworth 
and Mead sts.; cost $600100,0. 

Pittsburg, Pa.— Council is considering 

resolution to place $50,000 in appropriation 
fund for construction of bridge from Ruth 

si. to Washington ave, 

Reading, Pa. County Commissioners 
have decided to erect rein, concrete bridge 
L.400 It. long and 56 It. wide over- Schuyl- 
kill River. 

Trechlers, Pa. Lehigh and Northampton 
County Commissioners are considering 
making of repairs and alterations to bridge 
across Lehigh River; cost $2,500. — R. S. 
Rathbunt, Allentown, Engineer. 

Plain City, Utah. — County Commission- 
ers, Ogden, have granted authority to 
Road Supervisor, Plain City, to erect bridge 
across Dick's Creek. 

Fond Du Lac, Wis. — Plans for steel and 
concrete bridge to be erected across De 
Neveu Creek on East Scott st. are being 
prepared by Assistant City Engineer A. H. 

Vancouver, B. C, Can. — Cost of the con- 
struction of concrete bridge at the foot of 
Burrard ave., to Kitsilano has been esti- 
mated at $922,400.— N. A. Clement, City 


San Diego, Cal.— To Knight & Hyde, for 
constructing bridges as follows on coast 
road between Oceanside and Capistrano: 
Santa Margarita, $7,765; San Onfre, $6,016, 
and San Mateo, $6,939. 

Salmon, Ida. — Construction of new bridge 
across Lemhi River, at Barracks Lake, to 
E. L. Emigh. 

Denison, la. — To Lana & Co., Harlan, for 
building bridges in county. 

Chaumont, N. Y.- — Constructing sub- 
structure and fender cribs for lift bridge 
over Chaumont River at Chaumont, to 
John M. Fitzg?rald, Sackets Harbor, $5,260. 

Rome, N. Y. — Constructing a highway 
bridge over the Erie Canal at South Wash- 
ington st., to Henry Tosh & Son. Port 
Byron, N. T., $14,777. 

Allentown, Pa. — To George H. Hardner, 
re-award for widening Hamilton st. bridge, 
$25,950; Nov. 28 contract was awarded to 
R. T. & C. D. Stewart Construction Co., 
Easton, Pa. — Robert S. Rathbun, County 

Providence, R. I. — Lumber for bridge 
work, to William M. Harris & Co., $27.20 
per M; bridge piles, to' H. E. West, See- 
konk, 15%c. per ft.; other bidders: C. A. 
Card, Groton, Conn.. 20c. per ft.; John 
McLaughlin, Cumberland, $6.50 each, and 
Alfred P. Morse, Boston, $5.75 each. 


Napa, Cal. — Council is considering erec- 
tion of garbage crematory. — O. H. Buck- 
man. City Engineer. 

Redlands, Cal. — City Trustees will call 
election on $80,000 bonds for park purposes. 

Denver. Col. — Appropriation of $90,000 for 
sprinkling streets during year has been 
asked for by Thomas Phillips, Superinten- 
dent Highway Department; purchase of 10 
new sprinklers is proposed.. 

Pensacola, Fla. — Bids will be received 
Jan. 16, noon, for $250,000 improvement 
bonds. — John A. Merritt, Chairman, Board 
of Bond Trustees. 

Denison, la. — Crawford County Super- 
visors will soon let contract for erection of 
$25,000 building for county poor. 

Kansas City, Kan. — Citizens will vote 
Feb, 7 on $100,000 bonds to build aufl 
torium annex to city hall; $50,000 bonds to 
build two incinerating plants and $f»o,O00 
to build dikes and boat landing on levee. 

Leominster, Mass.— Frank Lent, <.i LeJ 
mrinster, Is preparing plans for $150,000 
town ball. iv 11. Killelea and Geo. m. 
Kendall, Building Committee. 

Chaflee, Mo. — Bids will be received Jan. 
is for $26,000 bonds of city hall and water 
works. .1. M. .Massengell, Mayor. 

Jefferson City, Mo. — Cole County is con- 
sidering erection of brick jail. — C. H. 
Itirclix, County Clerk. 

Schenectady, N. Y. — Dr. Charles F. 
Clowe, Health Officer, has recommended 
construction of garbage disposal plant. 

Troy, N. Y. — Architect Wm. J. Beardsley, 
49 Market st., Poughkeepsie, will prepare 
plans for erection of proposed jail, work- 
house and sheriff's quarters; cost $111,680. — 
R. N. Palmer, Clerk Board of Supervisors 
Rensselaer County. 

Muskogee, Okla. — Mayor McGarr will en- 
ter into negotiations with Expert Engineer 
Alexander Potter, of New York City, for 
preparation of plans and specifications for 
modern garbage disposal system. 

Dumont, Pa. — Borough is considering 
bond issue for improvements. 

Pittsburg, Pa. — City has awarded $4,- 
878,000 improvement bonds to National 
City Bank of New York, and N. W. Har- 
ris & Co., of New York. 

Pittsburg, Pa. — Bureau of Parks has 
asked for following appropriations: Addi- 
tional land for Highland Park, between 
the present boundaries of the park and 
Allegheny River, and adjoining the 
Haights Run Bridge, $150,000; additional 
land adjoining the Murdock ave. entrance 
to Schenley Park, $45,000; improvements to 
Riverview Park, $16,000; golf grounds and 
shelter house in Schenley Park, $73,795; 
brick building for stable and supply house 
for parks, $50,000; grading, sewering, curb- 
ing and macadamizing read from Beacon 
st. to connect with park road, $81,000; ar- 
tesian wells, $1,000; music for summer con- 
certs, $10,000. 

Sioux City, S. D. — Architect Jos. Schwartz 
has completed plans for erection of jail 
and sheriff's residence for Minnehaha Coun- 
ty; cost $50,000. 

Fort Worth, Tex. — Citizens will vote Jan. 
11 on $120,000 bonds for police and fire de- 

Merrill. Wis. — Committee of the Lincoln 
County Board is repairing plans for county 


Oakland, Cal. — Building levee in Key 
Route basin, to Pacific Coast Dredging and 
Reclamation Co., 5.4c. per cu. yd.; total 
cost about $13,000. 

Anderson, Ind. — Daniels & Lyst, city, 
have received contract for dredging small 
stream near Scottsburg. $20,000. 

Evansville, Ind. — To Henry Korff, Jr., for 
street sweeping for 1911 by Board of Pub- 
lic Works, 19y 2 c. per 10.000 sq. ft. 

Ventnor City, N. J. — To John W. Cooney, 
Atlantic City, for jetty; to Ingersoll & 
Weeks. Atlantic City, for pier, $24,393, and 
to Wilbert Beaumont, Atlantie City, for 
building, $26,000. 

Providence, R. I. — Improving Providence 
river and harbor by dredging channel ap- 
proach to the Coastwise Dredging Co., 
Norfolk. Va.. pbout $200,000. 

Weatherford, Tex. — Building city hall and 
fire station, to Johnson, Sons & Co. 



Los Angeles, Cal. — Committee of Super- 
visors, with I. B. Noble, County Surveyor, 
will investigate question of building one 
mile and a half of macadam highway. 

Elkhart, Ind. — Board of Public Works has 
decided to pave portions of Jackson, Vis- 
tula and three other streets. 

South Bend, Ind. — Paving of Michigan st. 
with asphalt at cost of $250,000 is being 

Corning, la. — Council has decided to 
pave Davis ave., Adams and 8th sts.; work 
includes 2,550 ft. comb, curl) and gutter; 
247 ft. gutter to be laid to old curb; 14,133 
yds. brick paving and 292 yds. concrete al- 
ley approach paving. — Theo. S. De Lay, 
Creston, Engineer in Charge; A. T. 
Wheeler, Mayor. 

Wilkes- Barre, Pa. — Council has passed 
ordinance for paving Park ave., between 
Northampton and Hazle Sts. — F. H. Gates, 
City clerk. 

Tacoma, Wash. Widening Pacific ave., 
to Keasel Construction Co., $35,948. 


Bluffton, Ind. — By Board of County Com- 
missioners for four gravel and stone roads 
in this county to Wilson A. Woodward, 
Ossian, for Calvin Kunkel, Orlando Kizer 
and the M. N. Newman roads, $10,040; 
to Charles W. North, city, William Spade 
road, $4,960. 

Muncie, Ind. — To Wm. Birch, city, for 
building 2 mi. of brick roadway on Middle- 
town pike; $42,000. 


South Bend, Ind. — Board of Public Works 
is considering installation of sewer in 
downtown district. 

Vincennes, Ind. — Plans for construction 
of sewer system are being discussed. 

Grand Rapids, Mich — Health Officer 
Siemens has recommended immediate con- 
struction of srwc in College ave. 

Grand Rapids, Mich. — Council has decided 
to issue $25,000 sewer bonds. 

Pelham, N. Y. — Following propositions 
will be voted on Jan. 11: "Village of North 
Pelham will vote as to whether village will 
enter into contract with Pelham and Pel- 
ham Manor to extend its sewer through 
Pelham and Pelham Manor to disposal 
plant, and also whether $15,000 shall be ex- 
pended in building extension; Pelham will 
vote as to whether it will also enter into 
contract with Pelham Manor to build sew- 
er to extend to the disposal plant and if it 
shall allow North Pelham to go through 
village with its sewer system; Pelham 
Manor will vote to allow the village of 
North Pelham and Pelham to extend their 
sewer system into Pelham Manor to con- 
nect with disposal plant. 

Quakertown, Pa. — Albright & Mebus, 
Land Title Bldg., Philadelphia, are prepar- 
ing plans for sewerage system and disposal 
plant; cost, $125,000. 

Fort Worth, Tex. — Citizens will vote Jan. 
11 on $40 000 bonds for storm sewers. 

Pecos, Tex. — Citizens will vote Jan. 30 on 
$25,000 sewerage bonds. 

Municipal Journal 

And Engineer 

Volume XXX 


XO. 2 

Lights low: street wet. Note distinctness of ob.i> - Compare with view, page 49 


ungsten Incandescent and Flaming Arc Lamps Compared with Carbon Arcs — Arch Lighting Objection- 
able — Watts and Costs Per Foot of Street in Several Cities — -Examples of Intense Lighting 


While the efficiency of electric street lamps has been doubled 
nd tripled during the past few years, the power devoted to this 
urpose has been multiplied by four or more in many instances, 
esulting in an intense street illumination of much higher cost, 
n many cases an increase of the power for illumination was 
ecessary, in some it has become excessive, and often it is still 
1 applied. 

Intense street lighting has been accomplished in the main 
ith tungsten incandescent and flame arc lamps. The tungsten 
imps give nearly three times the candle power of the carbon 
icandescent for an equal consumption of energy, and more 

than twice as much illumination is obtained with the metallic 
as with the enclosed carbon arc and equal power. Until the 
advent of intense street lighting within the past two years it 
was the general custom to space carbon arcs 200 to 500 or more 
feet apart, the shorter distance between lamps being found as a 
rule only on important streets in fairly large cities. As the 
carbon arcs consume 300 to 500 watts each the Old spacing com- 
monly gave about 2.5 to less than one watt per foot of length in 
the lighted streets, and at points midway between lamps on the 
longer spacings the illumination was practically negligible. 

Carbon incandescent lamps gave street illumination as bad or 
worse than that with the old arcs, for they were generally 



Vol. XXX., No 2. 


1/ 4 tit: 


Appearance in daylight not pleasing 

spaced several hundred feet apart and mounted singly in units 
of not over 30 candle power, so as to consume less than one- 
halt watt per foot of street. 

Xow the tungsten has displaced the carbon incandescent lamp 
in the great majority of instances, sometimes with more power 
or shorter spacings, and almost always with increased illumina- 
tion. So, too, the metallic arcs have often displaced the car- 
bon, not infrequently with a much larger number of lamps per 
mile of street. While lighting in -the outlying streets of cities 
and towns has thus been materially improved, it is mainly in 
the central or business portions that intense lighting has de- 
veloped. A striking feature of this intense street lighting is the 
mounting of two or more arc or tungsten lamps on a single post 
or cross-cable instead of the single lamp more common before, 
and it is this grouping of lamps that leads to the higher powers 
and costs per mile of streets. 

Cables or arches carrying lines of tungsten lamps across the 
streets have been adopted for intense lighting in a number of 
cities of which Grand Rapids, Mich., and Xorfolk, Va., are 
good examples. At Grand Rapids the arches cross the street 
at intervals of 100 feet and each carries 14 tungsten lamps of 
the 75-watt size, requiring 1,05a watts per arch, and 10.5 watts 
per foot in length of the street. Norfolk streets also have cross 
arches 100 feet apart and each arch in this instance carries 10 
75-watt lamps giving a total of 750 watts per arch and 7.5 
watts per linear foot of street lighted. In Grand Rapids the 
arch lighting is paid for by the merchants at the rate of $7 per 
lamp, 98 cents per foot of street and $98 per arch yearly. The 
Xorfolk rate is $15 per lamp and $1.50 per foot of street per 

An objection to the method of street lighting with cross 
arches of lamps is the striped or zebra effect produced unless 
the arches are very close together, which would require a 
large amount of power. Thus, in the case of Norfolk, if the 
street is as much as 90 feet wide the lamps of each arch are 
only to feet apart, while the distance between the arches is 100 
feet, and there must therefore be alternate bands of light and 

A method of arch lighting not open to the objection just 
named is that where the arches run along the center or each 
side of the street with lamps at short intervals, and this pro- 
duces a very uniform illumination. This method of street 
lighting is in use at Belvidere, 111., where ISoo lamps are sup- 
ported 4 feet apart on arches or cables that run along each side 
of the main street. Each of these lamps operates with 10 watts, 
so that the required power is 5 watts total per foot length of 
streets, or 2.5 watts per foot along each side, and there are 2 
feet of street per lamp. 

The more common and desirable method of locating the tung- 
sten or flame arc lamps for intense lighting is on posts along 
both sides of the street alternately. Intense street lighting on 
this plan has been adopted in scores "i~ places of which a few 

ol the more important are here mentioned. Among the notable' 
installations of intense street lighting with more than one 
tungsten lamp per post those at Aurora, Buffalo, Chicago, Des 
Moines, Gary, Indianapolis, Los Angeles, Minneapolis and Vail 
com er arc repn sentative, 

In Aurora there are 320 posts, each carrying three tungsten 
lamps, each lamp consuming jj^, watts. The posts are 50 feet 
apart on each side of the street, so that the watts per foot of 
street are nine, and there is one lamp to each 16.6 feet on each 
side of the street. 

On Genesee street, Buffalo, posts, carrying five 60-vvatt tung- 
sten lamps each, are erected 120 feet apart on each side, giving 
300 watts per post, 5 watts per foot length of street, and one 
lamp for each 12 feet of street. For the maintenance and 
operation of these lamps during 4,000 hours per year the rate 
is $37-50 per post, or $7.50 per lamp and 62.5 cents per foot in 
length of street lighted. 

A number of streets in Chicago have groups of tungsten 
lamps on posts, and in one instance the posts are 50 feet apart 
and carry five 60-watt lamps each on both sides of the street, 
so that there are 300 watts per post, 12 watts per foot length 
of street, and 5 feet of length per lamp. For the maintenance 
and operation of these lamps the charge is $109.10 per post per 
year, amounting to $21.82 per lamp and 87 cents per foot length 
of street. 

In Des Moines each post carries five 100-watt lamps and the 
distance .between posts is 44 feet, so that the required watts are 
500 per post and 22.7 per foot length of street, the posts being 
located on both sides. For this lighting the rate is $69.50 per 
post, $13.90 per lamp and 63 cents per foot of street. In this 
instance there is a 100-watt lamp for each 8.8 feet of street. 

Gary, Ind., has posts along Broadway that carry two 6o-watt 
and one 100-watt tungsten lamps, with four of the 60-watt and 
one 100-watt at corners. Even on the basis of the posts be- 
tween corners, each requires 220 watts, and as the standards arc 
on each side of the street there are 8.8 watts per foot of street 
and 8.3 feet per lamp. Corner posts increase the watts per 
foot. For this lighting service the rate is $75 per post or $3 
per foot of street per year. 

On Washington street, the long and wide highway of business 
in Indianapolis, groups of five 100-watt tungsten lamps are 
carried on posts 84 feet apart along each side, so that 500 watts 
are required per post and 9.5 watts per foot of street. With the 
distance of 84 feet between posts there are 8.4 feet in length 
of street per lamp, and the total number of posts on Washing- 
ton and other streets is about 400. corresponding to 2,00c 

Los Angeles has tungsten clusters of five 100-watt lamps or 
posts spaced 60 feet apart on both sides of the street, so thai 
16.6 watts are required per foot of length and there is a lamp 
for each 6 feet. The yearly rate for this service is $58.50 pel 
cluster of five lamps, which amounts to $11.70 per lamp and tc 
$1.95 per foot of street lighted. 

In Minneapolis clusters of five 100-watt lamps are located 
Go feet apart on both sides of the streets to the number oi 
510, or 2.550 lamps. This spacing gives 12.5 watts per fool 
and 8 feet of street per lamp. Per cluster the annual rate is 
$78, amounting to $15.60 per lamp and to $1.95 per foot ol 

Vancouver has its lamp clusters 1 10 feet apart along each 
side of the street, and h\e 100-watt lamps per cluster, so thai 
9.1 watts are used per foot of street and there is one lamp tc 
each t 1 feet. 

In each of the above instances of street lighting with cluster: 
of tungsten lamps the supporting posts are located on botl 
sides of the streets, and the figures for watts required and foi 
cost per foot of the length of street lighted include the lamp! 
mi both sides. As a result, if the rate or the required watt; 
per front foot of property on the street is wanted, the figure: 
given for these items must be divided by two. 

For more convenient use the above data as to required watt- 

Nl'AKV II, 19] 



id as to rates for intense street lighting with clusters oi 
ngsten lamps are here tabulated. 

From tliis table it appears that three- to five lamps are often 
;ed per cluster and as many as 14 lamps per arch, giving 
usters that operate with as much as 500 watts eaeh and arches 
ith 1,050 watts. The clusters or arches are located 44 to tio 
et apart, the former usually on both sides of the street, giv- 
g 5 to 22.7 watts per foot in the length of street lighted, and 
to 16.6 feet per lamp. 

With the old style incandescent street lamps the power 
■ldom reached one watt per foot, and the annual rate was 
iiially below 20 cents per foot, with generally more than [00 
:et of street per lamp. On the other hand, incandescent light- 
g was not formerly much used on main business streets. 
The method of cluster lighting necessarily tends to large 
>wer and high cost per foot of street where a good degree 
' illumination is wanted at points midway between clusters, 
id equally satisfactory results can be got at much less power 
id cost by the use of only one tungsten lamp per post. Im- 
irtant reasons for this are that the intensity of illumination 
iries inversely as the square of the distance from its source 
id that the cost of new tungsten series lamps for street light- 
g is independent of their candle power up to and including 
e 75-watt size and increases at only a moderate rate with the 
gher candle powers. 

To illustrate the point as to least intensity of illumination, 
ke the case of 500-watt clusters located 50 feet apart along 
ch curb of the street, each cluster containing five 100-watt 
tups. For the cluster the total candle power should be 400, 



1 fl J 

'Tj|| , 


at 1 ' 4 watts per candle power, and at points on the curb mid- 
way between clusters the illumination on surfaces at right 
angles to the rays of light is about 0.64 candle foot. 

Next let the 100-watt lamps be located singly at points 20 
feet apart along the curb of the street, so as to give 80 candle 
power per post. At points along the curb midway between 
these single lamps the illumination on surfaces normal to the 
rays of one lamp is about 0.8 candle foot, or one-fourth greater 
than that above found with the clusters of 'iw^. lamps each. On 
the other hand, the five-lamp clusters 50 feet apart along each 










:s Moines 5 

iv 3 

dianapolis 5 

•S Angeles 5 

inneapolis 5 

mcouver 5 


and Rapids 14 

>rfolk 10 



(Per Lamp) 10 





1 20 












per Foot 

of Street. 



I 2.0 

11. 9 




Feet of 

Street per 



1 _'.o 




1 1.0 


10. o 

Cost per 
' 'luster. 











per Foot 













sir. el wet. 

Illumination greater than mi page 17. Glare also greater, ehieflj because lamps are too low 



VOL. AAA., Wo. 2. 

curb require a lamp for each 10 feet of curb and 10 watts per 
foot of curl), or double these figures per fool of the length of 
Street, while the same size of lamp located singly 20 feet apart 
represent a lamp for each 20 feet of curb and 5 watts per foot 
of curb. 

Bj using a single lamp per post under above conditions tin- 
total power and total number of lamps required by the five 
lamp clusters to give less light midway between posts are re- 
duced by one-half. 

As to the cost of lamp renewals to maintain any given candle 
power at a post, either six 50-watt lamps or four 75-watt lamps 
give a total of 240 candle power, and each of these sizes costs 
the same amount each. 

Intense street lighting with metallic flame arc lamps is well 
illustrated in Toledo and St. Louis, where the numbers of arcs 
per mile of street have been carried to a point probably never 
equalled before. 

The new street lighting in Toledo is to include about 2,500 
metallic flame arc lamps of the 4-ampere size, and on the more 
important streets pairs of these lamps are located 80 feet apart 
along each side so that there is an arc for each 20 feet of the 
length of street and 16 watts per foot. The rate for this light- 
ing is $45 per lamp per year, amounting to $2.25 per foot of the 
length of street. 

In St. Louis the streets formerly lighted with 138 enclosed 
carbon arc lamps now have the intense illumination of 240 
4-ampere and 427 6.8-ampere metallic arcs. The 6.8-ampere 
lamps operate with 500 watts each and are spaced 80 feet apart 
along some of the streets, alternate lamps on opposite sides 
requiring 6.25 watts per foot of length. Along Broadway, 
St. Louis, 80 posts carry three each of the 4-ampere arcs, and 
these posts are about 60 feet apart on each side of the street, 
so that there is an arc for each 10 feet and 32 watts per foot. 



What appears to be needed in this country at the present time 
is some method of co-operation by which needed sanitary re- 
forms can be brought about at least expense. It is unbusiness- 
like to compel the purification of the sewage of a large up- 
stream city in order to protect the water supply of a small 
city lower down, provided pure water can be furnished the lat- 
ter in some better and cheaper way. Legislation that clothes 
the State authorities with power to prevent the pollution of 
sewage, but does not give them power to compel the purifica- 
tion of water or to control pollution by trade wastes is un- 
fortunate. It naturally leads to litigation rather than co-opera- 
tion, and may retard rather than hasten necessary sanitary re- 
forms. If our State authorities cannot be trusted in this mat- 
ter it may be that a proper solution of the difficulty will be 
found in the establishment of district boards similar to those 
in England and Germany, such boards having jurisdiction 
over the limits of particular watersheds. In some respects 
these natural hydrographic boundaries have advantages over 
artificial State boundaries. In the near future also our 
national government will doubtless take a hand in the matter. 
In whatever form the authority may be constituted the idea 
of co-operation should prevail and ironclad rules against stream 
pollution should give way to a rational distribution of the 
burden of purification of both water and sewage, and an equit- 
able adjustment of cost made between the parties interested, 
thus decreasing the total expense of sanitary measures re- 
quired and utilizing natural resources for the purification of 
sewage in water as far as this is safe. 

If the system of water carriage of sewage continues in use. 
the time will some day come when the sewage of all of our 
cities will be purified, partially or completely, and all surface 
water supplies filtered. It is proper to anticipate this consum- 
mation as far as our means permit, but meantime it is good 
business and sound common sense to spend our money first 
wber ■ it will go fu _ thest and do the most good, building water 
filters and sewage purification works, sometimes one. sometimes 
both, as they may be needed. — George C. Whipple, in a paper 
e Institute <>f Chemical Engineers. 

Grading and Rolling Eighteen Miles of Dirt Road in One 

Day by Volunteer Labor — Organization and 

Construction Methods 

Coffeyville, Kan., is one of the leading manufacturing cen- 
teis in that state ol such materials as brick, glass, roofing 
tile and pottery products. About eighteen miles d.stant 1- 
another manufacturing town, Independence. These two art 
connected by an old county road which was laid out thirty 
years ago, but has never been improved, although carrying con- 
siderable traffic. 

Several years ago the desirability of furnishing a better 
roadway was realized, but it was not until last July that any- 
thing definite was done, when the leading business men of 
both cities got together and decided to endeavor to make of 
this an oiled highway with a minimum width of roadway of 
thirty feet. This union of prominent men of the two cities 
resulted in the organizing of the "Montgomery Good Roads 


The plans as finally decided upon involved wdiat looked like 
the impossible proposition of building this road in one day by 
volunteer labor obtained from the two cities. Those whom it 
was most difficult to get interested in the project were the 
farmers themselves who owned the land along the roadway. 
and who believed that the idea was to provide a speedway for 
automobile owners. Even the mail carriers used their influence 
with the farmers, however, and through their efforts, but 
especially through those of the Commercial Club and a few 
prominent men and the Coffeyville -Daily Journal, most of the 
objections were finally overcome and the plans were com- 
pleted. In order to provide the funds a finance committee was 






ppointed in each of the cities, and every one was asked for 
ontrihutions, which ranged from sums of $5 to $200, and 
eached the total amount of about $4,000. 

In order to obtain materials and machinery for building the 
Dad, this was divided into two divisions, the southern or Cof- 
eyville half be'ng placed in charge of Mr. Oscar Jansen, of that 
ity, and the Independence half, in charge of Mr. Fred Maine. 
!ach of these divided his division into sections of one mile 
1 length and appointed a foreman to take charge of each, 
rith directions to have the roadway cleared of grass, hedges, 
ubbish and small trees. The County Commissioner, Mr. H. 
/. Dale, obtained the necessary graders, scrapers and rollers, 
nd placed them at intervals along the route before the day 
n which the road was to be built, November 15. Grading 
lachinery was collected from every township in the county, 
nd that used by the street departments of the cities was ob- 
lined also. All culvert and bridge work was placed in charge 
f one man, who saw that the necessary sand and stone and 
itrified clay culvert pipe were distributed where needed. 

The Mayors of both Coffeyville and Independence issued 
reclamations making Tuesday, Nov. 15, a holiday, and asked 
lat all places of business and schools be closed for the day. 
udge Flannelly dismissed court and requested his office force 
5 be out and assist in the work. The women of the two 
ities made arrangements to provide food for the thousand or 
lore laborers at the noon hour, and again at 6 o'clock, if 
ecessary. For laborers reliance was placed upon volunteers 
f the citizens, and early in the morning of the 15th, which 
r as fortunately fair and clear, these citizens, including doc- 
5rs, lawyers, bankers, farmers and laborers, gathered at the 
enters of the two cities, from which points automobiles and 
ragons provided by citizens took them to the several sections 
1 which they had been assigned. 

The firsi work to be done was the plowing, grading and 
leveling of the road, cutting ditches along each side of the road 
and preparing for the vitrified pipe culverts for drainage pur- 
poses and for the small bridges which were to be constructed. 

Following this, harrows and drags leveled the rough places 
and broke up the big clods, and rollers following behind con- 
solidated the roadway. Many of the teams and laborers wen 
furnished by the farmers having land close to the road. Wives 
of the farmers and of the leading citizens of both cities dis- 
tributed baskets of luncheon among the workers at noon. By 
the time the sun had set, the road, which was over a rough 
and hilly country, and on which not ev< n a sod had ever been 
turned, had been graded and rolled into an excellent thor- 

One of the most difficult problems solved in this rapid con- 
struction was getting oil distributed over the entire 18 miles 
of roadway. One of the local oil companies originated the 
scheme adopted, which consisted in laying a line of pipe 
(which was borrowed from several of the oil companies) 
along the line of the road and pi", ,4 hose connections with 
stop cocks at regular intervals along the same. On account of 
the extreme drought it was believed, when the road was con- 
structed, that the earth surface was too dry for effective use 
of the oil at that time, but it was decided to wait until the 
first heavy rain, which would permit better consolidation, and 
then drag and roll the road and apply the oil by hose attached 
to the several connections along the pipe line. 


On Unauthorized Contracts — Not Liable When Acting in 
Good Faith — Court Decisions in Several States 


It must be taken to be well settled by repeated decisions 
that when officers of a municipal corporation, acting in good 
faith, contract in their official capacities with parties having 
full knowledge of the extent of their authority, or who have 
equal means of knowledge with themselves, they do not be 
come individually liable, unless the intent to incur a personal 
responsibility is clearly expressed, although it should be found 
that through ignorance of the law they may have exceeded 
their authority. 

An instructive case is that of Newman v. Sylvester, 42 Ind., 
106. Here it appeared that the common council of a city passed 
an ordinance for the improvement of a street, and a contractor 
whose bid was accepted for the work completed it to the 
satisfaction of the city engineer. An estimate was made and 
allowed against an abutting lot owner, who denied liability. 
The Mayor and Council refused to order a precept on the 
ground that the lot was not within the limits and jurisdiction 
of the city. The contractor sued the Mayor and Common 
Council, alleging that by advertising for and receiving pro- 
posals for the work they had held forth that they had juris- 
diction over that part of the street when they knew that they 
had not and thereby intended to and did deceive; that the 
plaintiff had no knowledge to the contrary, and believed they 
had, and by their action was thrown off his guard and pre 
vented from making inquiry. The defendants in their answer 
alleged that they had voted for the passing of the ordinance 
by mistake, without fraud or intentional wrong, and under a 
misapprehension as to the locality of that part of the street; 
that the plaintiff had the same knowledge as they had, and 
that they acted in good faith without any intention whatever 
<i\ defrauding the plaintiff. In the court below a demurrer 
to the answer was sustained and judgment given for the plain- 
tiff. The defendants appealed. The action was maintained on 
the theory that the Common Council was acting as a mere 
agent, governed by the same rules and liable to the same ex- 
tent as ordinary agents for private persons, and so, having no 
authority, was personally liable to the party contracted with, 
either upon the contract or for deceit. 

The court held that the action of the Council in passing th< 


Vol. XXX., No 

ordinance and its proceedings under it were nol calculated to 
throw the plaintiff off his guard or prevent him from making 
inquiry about the citj limits. It was not expressh stated by 
it that the street was within the city. The most that could 
be said was that it acted as if it believed it to be. Nothing 
was said or done to prevent the plaintiff from ascertaining 
for himself whether the place was within the city limit- 
On the genera] question of the liability of one assuming to 
act as agent for another without authority the court, adopting 
a view favorable to the agent, said : 

If he enters into the contract in the name and as the agent 
of another, and does it honestly, fully disclosing all the facts 
touching the authority under which he acts, so that the one 
contracted with, from such information or otherwise, is fully 
informed of the authority possessed or claimed by him, he is 
not liable on the ground of deceit or for misleading the other 
party. It is material in such cases that the party complaining 
of a want of authority in the agent should be ignorant of the 
truth touching the agency. If he has a full knowledge of 
the facts, or of such facts as fairly and fully put him upon 
inquiry for them, and he fails to avail himself of such knowl- 
edge, or the means of knowledge reasonably accessible to him, 
he cannot say he was misled, simply on the ground that the 
party assumed to act as agent without authority, in the absence 
of fraud. 

On the question of liability as public officers the court said: 

If the part}- contracts as a public officer, and in that capacity- 
acts honestly, he will not ordinarily be personally liable. If 
his authority to act is denned by public statute, all who con- 
tract with him will be presumed to know the extent of his 
authority, and cannot allege their ignorance as a ground for 
charging him with acting in excess of such authority, unless he 
knowingly misled the other party. 

For these reasons the Supreme Court held that the facts 
alleged in the answer constituted a bar to the action and 
that the demurrer thereto ought to have been overruled, and 
reversed the judgment of the Superior Court. 

In Houston v. The Board, etc., of Clay County, 18 Ind., 
396, it was held that if township trustees, acting as such, ex- 
ceeded their authority in making a contract for the erection of 
a bridge which they were not authorized to do by statute, 
and did so innocently, under a mistake of law-, in which the 
other contracting party equally participated with equal oppor- 
tunities of knowledge, neither at the time of making the con- 
tract looking to personal liability, the trustees would not be 
personally liable, nor would the township be liable. 

In another case village trustees, acting as such, made a 
contract for the building of abutments for a bridge within the 
village. After completion of the work and payment in part by 
the village it repudiated liability. The contractor's assignee 
sued the trustees individually. It was held that the defendants, 
being officers of the village, acting bona fide and_ without con- 
cealment or fraud, were not personally bound upon the con- 
tract. It was not necessary to pass upon the liability of the 
village, but the court intimated that it was difficult to see 
why it should not be both legally and equitably liable. Lyon 
v. Irish, 58 Mich.. 518. 

Two village trustees were alleged by a plaintiff to have made 
a contract of employment with him to act as chief of police. 
He knew their position as trustees and that his appointment 
would have to be confirmed by the board of trustees. He sued 
them individually for damages for nonperformance of the al- 
leged contract. There was no proof of any special obligation 
or intent on the part of the defendants to become personally 
liable on the contract. They were held not liable. Miller v. 
Board, 15 Mis. (N. Y.), 322, 37 X. Y. Supp., 766. 

Where highway commissioners, in a proceeding to lay out 
a highway, being unable to agree with a land owner as to the 
damage he would sustain, submitted the matter of dam- 
ages to arbitration, and executed their bond in their 
individual names containing an express covenant to abide by 
and perform the award, they having no power to bind the 
town in this manner, it was held that they were not individu- 
ally liable on the bond. Mann v. Richardson, 66, 111.. 481. 

The members of a board of education requested an architect 
to make plans for a school building and subsequently made an 
agreement for his employment. They afterwards notified him 

to cease work on the plan.-, as they did not wish them. H 
■-lied the citj unsuccessfully and then sued the members of th 
board individually. It was held he could not recover, as th 
board's want of statutory power was as much within the plain 
tilt's cognizance as in tin- defendants', and as both parties acte 
in good faith, there being no guaranty by the defendants o 
their authority. Lawrence v. Toothmaker, 75 X. II., 148. 

A statute vested the power to engage special counsel fo 
cities in the Mayor and Common Council. An ordinance of 
city attempted to delegate this power to the City Collectoi 
Acting under the direction of the void ordinance the City Col 
lector entered into a contract engaging special COUiis< 
tor the city. The contract was held invalid, and in a 
action thereon by the attorney engaged, against the city and th 
collector, the latter was held not liable under the rule. Ed 
wards v. City of kirkwood (Mo.), 127 S. YV., 378. 

A contract for grading a city street provided that the wor 
should be done according to the plans on file and in obedienc 
to the directions of the city engineer "as to the mode of doin 
the work." The engineer set his stakes wrong, so that the 
indicated a grade higher than called for by the contract. Th 
contractor conformed the grade to the stakes, and subsequentl 
sued the city and the engineer for the extra work caused bin 
The engineer was held not liable, the error being an hone: 
one, and no bad faith on his part being charged or any inter 
tion to injure the plaintiff. Wilson v. St. Joseph (Mo.), ic 
S. W., 600. And where a director of a school district execute 
as such a note for the benefit of the district, believing (in goo 
faith, though erroneously) that he was authorized to bin 
the district, it was held that he was not personally liable o 
the note. Humphrey v. Jones, 71 Mo., 62. 

In Southworth v. Flanders, 33 La, Ann., 190, the Mayor an 
administrators of the City of X T ew Orleans were sued by th 
Recorder of Mortgages for the Parish of Orleans for $10.00 
under the following circumstances The defendants, in thei 
official capacity, passed a city ordinance authorizing the Re 
corder to obtain ' nd record certain certificates and copies 
tax payments at a cost not exceeding $10,000. The Recorde 
accepted and complied with the contract. It was held tha 
assuming that the ordinance was illegal, the defendants wer 
not personally liable. The court stated its understanding o 
the general rule of law on the subject to be that when officer 
of a municipal corporation, clothed with legislative function 
involving a legislative discretion, make a mistake as to the ex 
tent of their powers, a mistake which is shared by the part 
with whom they contracted, having equal opportunities of in 
formation touching the powers delegated to such officers, an 
there is nothing in the proceeding looking to personal re 
sponsibility, the officers in such case are not personally liabh 

The court also said that if any' action did lie in such a cas 
against the officers personally it would not be on the contrac 
but would be ex delicto. That would also be the case in mos 
of the other states, but in some the officers, if liable, could b 
held upon the contract. 


At the beginning of 1910 the municipal electric light plant o 
Greenwood, S. C, reduced by 10 per cent their rates for cur 
rent, which were already low, but the increased business durin 
the year has caused the financial showing to be the best i 
the history of the plant, we are informed by Mr. A. J. Sproles 
superintendent of the plant. The rates, we believe, are to b 
continued this year the same as last, but the Commissioner 
of the water and electric light plant decided on Jan. 4 to furnis 
current free of charge for porch lights, providing the resi 
dents use current for lighting and that they furnish a 40-wat 
tungsten lamp on the front porch on a rigid pendent fixture 
so located that it will give as much light as possible to th 
street or sidewalk. This light must be used only between th 
hours of 6 p. m. and 7 a. m. While the owners must provid 
the lamps, the Commissioners will furnish these to them a 
actual cost. 

A N 1 A K Y II, 1 9 1 I . 


Municipal Journal 

and Engineer 


239 West Thirty-ninth Street, New York 

Telephone, 2046 Bryant, New York 

Western Office, 929 Monadnock Block, Chicago 

F. E. PUFFER, Assistant Editor 

Business Department 
S. W. HUME, President 
T MORRIS. Manager. A. PRESCOTT FOLWELL,. Secretary 


Jntted States and possessions, Mexico, Cuba $3.00 per yeai 

Lll other countries 4.00 per year 

Sntered as second-class matter, January 3, 1906, at the Post Office 
at New York, N. Y., under the Act of Congress of March 3. 1879. 

Subscribers are requested to notify us of changes of address, 
living both old and new addresses. 

Contributions suitable for this paper, either In the form of 
pecial articles or of letters discussing municipal matters, are 
nvited and paid for. 

Subscribers desiring information concerning municipal matter." 
.re requested to call upon MUNICIPAL JOURNAL AND ENGI- 
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rill do so gladly and without cost. 

JANUARY ii, ran 


ntense Street Lighting (Illustrated). By Alton D. Adams.. 47 

.'o-operative Sanitation 50 

tapid Road Building in Kansas (Illustrated) 50 

liability of Municipal Officers 51 

street Lighting by Porch Lights in Greenwood 52 

Sewage Disposal Patents ■">:; 

iewage Purification Plants as Nuisances 53 

raking Traffic Census 54 

Hypochlorite at Niagara Falls 54 

!)il for Preserving Wood Blocks 54 

rhe Imhoff Tank — An Explanation 55 

Retaining Municipal Positions 55 

News of the Municipalities (Illustrated) 56 

Legal News — A Summary and Notes of Recent Decisions 64 

Municipal Appliances 65 

\ T ews of the Societies 67 

Personals 68 

rrade Notes 68 

Patent Claims (Illustrated ) 69 

rhe Week's Contract News 71 

Sewage Disposal Patents 

Up to ten years ago little was heard of patented processes 
)T appliances for purifying sewage. The results of the in- 
vestigations of private engineers arid sanitarians, as well as of 
ity, State and national boards, were publised and given freely 
:o the public. About that time Cameron patented the septic 
tank apparatus in England, and that and the process in this 
rountry, and the process patent, with certain limitations, has 
)een sustained by our highest court. 

We believe that no patent is claimed for contact beds or 
sprinkling niters, but the various styles of moving sprinklers 
used in England are, we believe, all patented ; and one of the 
sprinkler heads which is being used in the United States is 

patented, as arc most of the dosing appliances which have been 

Much has been said recently about what bids fair to be a 
successor of the septic tank-— the Emscher or Imhoff tank 
This has been patented in this country by Mr. Imhoff, and 
quite recently the same engineer has patented a combination 
of such tanks with a biological filter. (See our issue of 
January 4, page 40.) This is a modification of the Travis 
tank, and the English papers have stated that Mr. Imhoff may 
find trouble in collecting royalty because of Dr. Travis' previ- 
ous invention. And both these are modifications of the s C -ptn- 
tank. The complication which all this might seem to involve 
is, we are informed, actually threatened in one or two cases. 
Purification plants at Atlanta, (ia., for which contracts have 
been let. are to include Emscher tanks, for which it is proposed 
tu pay a royalty to Mr. Imhoff. I'.ut the holder of the Ameri- 
can septic tank patent is demanding royalty because of the 
sam< tanks. And it is possible that the troubles of this same 
city will not end there. We understand that a method of 
aerating the filter by ventilators to the sub-drains (described 
in our January 4 issue) is to be adopted in that plant: and 
also that a patent (No. 656,665) by Mr. Burton J. Ashlej 
is claimed to cover such ventilation. 

It will he extremely unfortunate if this multiplication of 
patents on engineering inventions should retard progress in 
sewage treatment rather than advance it. as is the aim of the 
patent system. And yet this is likely to be the case if there is 
an uncertainty among engineers and city officials as to just 
what disposal methods are covered by patents and who is en- 
titled to the royalty. Much of this trouble might have been 
avoided had tne several State and municipal investigating bodies 
taken out patents on their discoveries and given the same freely 
to the world. What is now to be hoped for is an early sub- 
mission of such cases to the highest courts and the prompt 
decision of these, based upon a more intelligent appreciation 
■ ii the engineering, chemical and biological principles involved 
than has been the case in several sucn decisions of late. 

Sewage Purification Plants as Nuisances 

In a paper before the Institute of Chemical Engineers, Mr. 
George C. Whipple, in a paragraph headed "Purification Plants 
a- Nuisances," called attention to certain precautions which 
should be taken in designing and locating sewage purification 
plants. The paragraph was as follows: 

Purification works themselves may be a source of nuisance. 
There is a natural opprobrium attached to a region where such 
works exist that results in a recognized deterioration of prop- 
erty values. The processes used for the purification of sewage 
•mt infrequently result in odors that may be distributed over 
considerable areas. Where the purification works are entirely 
covered, as some kinds of works may be, little or no nuisance 
may result, but where, for example, the sewage is first sub- 
mitted to putrefaction in a septic tank and the septic effluent 
then sprayed into open air upon the surface of sprinkling 
filters this exposure of the atomized liquid results in the libera- 
tion of odors that may reach distances of half a mile from 
the plant, depending upon the amount and character of sewage 
treated, the local topography, prevailing direction of the wind, 
humidity 11 the atmosphere and other conditions. 

Frequently high winds will carry the spray itself for several 
hundred feet with inevitable bacteria! pollution of the air. In 
the operation of sprinkling filters also it has been found that 
at certain seasons of the year swarms of flies breed in the 
porous beds. These are very troublesome in the immediate 
vicinity of such works. Tn considering the need of sewage, 
purification it is proper to balance these nuisances against 
those resulting from the discharge of unpurified sewage into a 
body of water. It not infrequently happens that the installa- 
tion of sewage purification works merely substitutes one 
nuisance for another. 

A cause of nuisance, possibly even more common than those 
mentioned, is the failure to use sufficient care in operating the 
plant, either to prevent nuisance or to secure the highest effi- 
ciency. It is altogether too common for cities, having once 
constructed a plant, to expect it to operate automatically, with 
no attention whatever, or to place in charge some one with no 
great amount of intelligence and no experience wdiatever in 

1V1 U l\l^ll-/\l^ JUUKlNrtL i\l\U IMN*JllN.EL,.tL,JX 

VIII.. AA.y\., i\0. 2. 

purification plants, and thereaftei pay no attention to the 
results obtained by him. In some cases State Hoards of Health 
are empowered to require the construction of sewage purifica- 
tion plants, but have no control -over their operation; and a 
city upon which the construction of such a plant has heen 
forced by the State Board, finding that it has no further author 
ity in the matter, absolutely neglects the plant. A plant so 
neglected is almost certain not only to fail to make any ade 
quate return for the money invested in it, hut may result in 
actual nuisance. In either a water or a sewage purification 
plant care in operation is fully as important as in designing or 


In a recenl paper on road construction Prof. A. H. Blanch- 
ard, of Providence, R. I., gives some useful hints on methods 
oi making traffic counts on highways, the desirability of which 
was recently commented upon in these columns. He said : 

The principles underlying the essential elements of any classi- 
fication of traffic may be stated hriefly as follows: Differentia- 
tion between horse-drawn vehicle traffic and motor car traffic ; 
a division of each of these classes of traffic into pleasure and 
commercial traffic; the determination of the weight per linear 
inch of width of tire of all types of commercial traffic, a factor 
of the utmost importance in the design of the substructure of 
the road ; subdivision of pleasure motor car traffic upon the 
basis of weight and speed, since in many instances the greatest 
damage to ordinary macadam road is caused by seven-seat tour- 
ing cars, limousines or landaulets traveling at speeds of forty 
to sixty miles per hour. 

As a practical, economical and efficient plan the following 
method is proposed for adoption under average conditions. 
For the open season from April to October, inclusive, the traffic 
should be taken during four periods of three days each, one 
period being in April, May or June, one in July, one in August 
and one in September or October. As local conditions may 
dictate, either Friday, Saturday and Sunday or Saturday, Sun- 
day and Monday could be taken, thus insuring information 
relative to the usual abnormal Sunday motor car traffic, and 
in some cases, traffic above the week day average on Saturdays, 
while the Friday or Monday traffic would give a fair indication 
of the normal week day traffic. It is evident that by this plan 
more reliable and essential facts are secured relative to traffic 
than by the other methods considered. 


Among the many cities in the East which have been using 
hypochlorite for water sterilization is the city of Niagara Falls, 
New York. The Norwood Engineering Company is construct- 
ing a water-purification plant for improving the supply of the 
city, which is obtained from Niagara River, and is one of the 
most seriously polluted in the country. As it is some time 
before the filtration plant can be completed and put into service, 
the city is, meantime, under the direction of this firm, relying 
upon the use of hypochlorite as a temporary expedient for 
reducing the typhoid rate. 

Considerable complaint is being made by the citizens and by 
certain of the daily papers against this use of hypochlorite, it 
being stated that a decided and unpleasant taste and odor are 
given to the water thereby. One or two experts have already 
visited the city to ascertain whether this objectionable feature 
can be prevented and how, and it is reported that the applica- 
tion of the hypochlorite is to be placed at once in the hands 
of a chemical and a bacteriological expert, both professors in 
the University of Buffalo. 

There seems to be no doubt that there has been more or less 
taste in the water since the application of the hypochlorite, and 
we believe that it is no longer denied that the taste is due to the 
addition of that substance. The water commissioners, however, 
believe that the possible saving of life or sickness from typhoid 
warrants the temporary annoyance which this causes. The city 
bacteriologist, Dr. E. B. Horton, however, is opposed to the 
continuation of its use, claiming, in a letter to us, that it is 
"a most needless procedure, adding a poisonous drug to drink- 
ing water, when we have a safe and sane method of purification 
in slow sand filtration." While there has been a considerable 
reduction in typhoid since the use of hypochlorite was begun, 

Dr. Horton believes this to be caused by the general boiling of 
the water by the citizens rather than by the hypochlorite. He 
has sent us a number of figures of tests made by him of raw 
and treated water, in which the number of bacteria per c.c. in 
i he two respectively were as follows: 

Date In raw water In filtered water 

Oct. 21 14,400 130 

Nov. 4 30,700 120 

8 6,6oo 50 

1 1 32,500 600 

j 4 26,200 1 ,600 

16 15.900 750 

21 17.500 1,750 

23 16,600 2,000 

29 36,000 4,800 

Dec. 4 20,000 6,800 

7 16,000 3,300 

11 9,000 1,900 

14 9,700 1,200 

" 18 4,400 350 

On November 27 liquefying colonies destroyed all the plates 
from raw water in 36 hours; the bacteria in the treated water 
amounting to 8400. 

These results the doctor does not consider as being very satis- 
factory. The tests given above show an average reduction of 
bacteria of 90.1 per cent. While this is not nearly as satis- 
factory a result as should be given by either a slow or rapid 
sand filter, nor as good as has been produced by the use of 
hypochlorite at other places, it would seem almost certain that it 
reduces the danger from typhoid by a very large percentage, 
and is well worth while, unless it is reasonably certain that the 
hypochlorite is causing injury to the people generally. It has 
been claimed by all advocates of this method that no harm 
whatever can be caused by the hypochlorite. This is something 
which, if there is any question about it, should be ascertained 
at once by recognized medical experts, as the use of hypochlo- 
rite is being adopted in scores of cities throughout the country. 


Readers of Municipal Journal and Engineer have been 
kept advised of the discussion which has been continued during 
the past year or two concerning the nature of the creosote or 
preservative oil which should be specified and used in the prep- 
aration of wood paving blocks. In our issue of Oct. 26, 
1910, were printed the specifications recommended by a com- 
mittee of the American Society of Municipal Improvements, 
which differed in only a few respects from those which had 
previously been recommended by a committee of the Organi- 
zation of City Officials for Standardizing Paving Specifications. 

Since our publication of these specifications, we understand, 
they have been criticised as providing for an oil which could 
not be obtained in the open market, and certain comments of 
this nature have found their way into print. These criticisms 
were called to the attention of the committee, and their reply 
to the same will be of interest to all who are concerned in this 
matter of wood block paving. 

The committee states that it "is readily understood and ap- 
preciated by any one acquainted with the tar industry that any 
coal tar can be filtered so as to produce a tar sufficiently free 
from carbon which, when mixed with a proper creosote oil, 
will produce a product such as is called for in these specifi- 
cations. [Those of the American Society of Municipal Im- 
provements.] The by-product coke-oven tars produced in 
Nova Scotia are well adapted to the manufacture of such an 
oil." The committee also is informed that one of the large 
manufacturers of paving blocks obtains oil meeting these speci- 
fications from two different sources which are entirely inde- 
pendent of e?.ch other. 

The committee quotes from a letter written to the chairman 
by Dr. Gellert Alleman, professor of chemistry at Swarthmore 
College, as follows : 

I have no hesitation in stating that any dealer in tar can 
fulfill the specifications to which you refer by either filtering 
the tar and adding a certain proportion of creosote oil to it. 
or, in some cases, by adding creosote oil to the unfiltered tar. 
There are a number of coke oven tars now made in this country 

January ii, 191 i. 



which contain less than 8 per cent of free carbon, and, at the 
same time, possess a gravity of about 1.15. Such tars unfil- 
tered, when reduced with creosote oil, will yield the material 
you require. There are two Philadelphia oil firms which could 
supply this material, but would be unwilling to do so unless the 
order were quite large. 

The committee also refers to the Bulletins of the Bureau of 
Municipal Research of Cincinnati, treating at some length the 
question of creosote for paving blocks, one of which bulletins 
was abstracted by us in our issue of August 10, 1910. One of 
these reports stated that a coal tar is in common use for treat- 
ing wood paving blocks which is produced as a mixture of 
coal tar creosote of a gravity approximately between 1.03 and 
1.08 and of a coal tar or pitch with a gravity of or higher 
and containing small percentages of free carbon less than four. 
This bulletin states that this mixture is commercially feasible 
and readily obtainable in large quantities at prices from six to 
eight cents per gallon. 

The committee further states that, if it is the case that this 
oil can be furnished in large quantities by only one or two 
firms in this country, it is not because of any monopoly or 
patent, but because these firms are ready and willing to furnish 
it at such low cost (it has an offer in writing of seven 
cents a gallon) that there is no inducement for others to com- 
pete in the business, at least until the wood paving industry 
attains larger proportions than at present. 

This particular discussion is not as to the desirability of 
using the creosote called for by the specifications, but only as 
to whether they would permit of sufficient competition among 
paving contractors to insure reasonable prices under them. 
It woud appear as though a test of this might be obtained by 
efforts to secure bids under these specifications, and we hope 
that such a test will shortly be made by some city or 'Jties 
which will give a definite proof as to the correctness of the 
:ommittee's claim that any wood block manufacturer can obtain 
:he creosote called for at a price which will permit of full 


Editor Municipal Journal and Engineer, 

239 West Thirty-ninth street. New York City. 

January 3, 191 1. 

Sir: — It has just come to my notice that some persons have 
expressed the supposition that I had some other than a purely 
)rofessional interest in the Imhoff tank because I have recently 
>n several occasions called attention to it and advocated it for 
:he separation of the coarse suspended matter from sewage and 
tor the treatment of the deposited sludge. 

I hope you will permit me through your columns at once to 
disabuse the minds of such persons by emphatically denying 
iny basis for such a presumption and stating that I have not 
ind never will have any commercial interest, directly or indi- 
"ectly, in any apparatus or process forming a part of any work 
which, as a consulting engineer, I have recommended or may 
-ecommend to public or private clients. 

Since my last return from Europe it is true that I have re- 
peatedly called special attention to the Imhoff tank. But this was 
done because I now consider it to form one of the most im- 
portant and useful steps of progress in sewage treatment we 
have made for a number of years, and because I desired that 
my own country, where so many cities and towns can be bene- 
fited by it, should enjoy its advantages as soon as possible. 
My interest is purely and solely a professional one, and my 
communications have been made frequently, partly by invitation 
and partly to advance the subject more rapidly than might 
otherwise have been the case. 

It may be proper to add a few words as to what my relation 
has been to the sewage sludge question since the time when in 
r88o I first studied it in England. At that time and up to the 
present, as everyone knows, the sludge disposal has been the 
most troublesome feature of sewage work wherever it was 
necessary to separate the gross suspended matter from the 
sewage: The trouble was due to the nuisance created by the 
offensive odors at the place of treatment and to the difficulty 
of quickly drying the sludge for permanent disposal. 

One proposition after another failed to prevent the usual 
foul odors, and with the advent of the septic tank these had 
practically come to be considered a "sine qua non," a wide belt 
pf land being generally reserved around the works to secure 
immunity from the nuisance. Such a condition never appealed 
to me as a final one. and I considered that the question of 

sludge treatment still remained 'the most pressing one for 
solution. I was, therefore, on the constant lookout for any 
favorable progress in that direction. 

What appeared to me the most promising work in this di- 
rection was that of Dr. \V. O. Travis, of Hampton, south of 
London, England, who was separating into two compartments 
by gravity most of the suspended from the liquid matter, and 
who deserves a large share of the credit in this modern move- 
ment. I then became acquainted with Mr. Wattenberg, Engi- 
neer of the Emscher district in Germany, a few years before 
his death, who was studying the Travis tank with reference to 
its introduction in his district. 

During that study, Dr. Imhoff, then also an engineer of the 
Emscher district, discovered certain facts which made it pos- 
sible to improve upon the Travis tank, and not only to get a 
sludge decomposition which was inoffensive, but a sludge that 
would dry quickly and allow of a non-odorous and economical 
removal and disposal. 

These promising discoveries, after the unsuccessful efforts 
of many years in both America and Europe, were one of the 
causes for making a trip to Europe in 1908 to witness the actual 
conditions and results. Apparently these were satisfactory, 
but the experience had been so short that I was not yet en- 
tirely sure of a permanent success, and intended to make an- 
other visit two years later, which was last summer. 

After returning home in 1908 my hopeful anticipations were 
not shared by most of those with whom I spoke, and natu- 
rally my assurance was not increased thereby, the subject be- 
ing more of a chemical and bacteriological than an engineer- 
ing one. 

Fortunately, the Engineering Department of Philadelphia, 
through its Chief Engineer, Mr. George S. Webster, deter- 
mined to erect a small Imhoff tank and to get experience data 
regarding the process under American conditions. The results 
after nearly a year's trial were confirmatory of those obtained 
in Europe. Meanwhile, conversations with Dr. Imhoff, during 
his visit to America in 1909, and further European correspond- 
ence and publications, proved that no serious difficulties were 

Last summer I again visited a number of such plants in Ger- 
many and without exception found them inodorous and yield- 
ing quickly drying sludge, without incipient troubles of any 
kind. There were then already over 25 plants in operation. 

Therefore, as all my own doubts had been removed re- 
garding a large sphere of usefulness for these tanks (what- 
ever modifications might later be found advisable under some 
special conditions) and as I learned that the royalty charge 
was very small, I felt it to be my duty to my American con- 
freres to call attention to this advance, so that we might keep 
abreast of the progress which is being made elsewhere. 

Rudolph Hering. 


We have been requested by a subscriber to print the fol- 
lowing letter, which speaks for itself: 

Municipal Journal and Exgixeer. 
New York City. 

Gentlemen: Why is it that the superintendent and em- 
ployees of a municipal electric light plant are always uneasy 
at the time of municipal elections. Is it possible that pro- 
fessions have gone so deeply into politics? It is true that 
city officials like to undo what the former officials have 
done; and when such is the case something turns upside 
down usually. Why is it that the operatives of the city's 
machinery take any hand in the municipal elections? On 
the other hand, if they are doing their duty they should 
make such a record that the new city officials would be 
glad, exceedingly glad, to have them remain. Let us, as 
professional men, superintendents and employees of mu- 
nicipal electric light and water and ice plants, strive to 
run our end, no matter who is head of the city; strive to 
make it pleasant for him and those whom we serve. Do 
not mix politics with professions. 

1 have a record of the last five or six years where changes 
have been made on account of new city officials, and in 
several cases wdiere politicians rather than professional 
men have been appointed and have taken charge of mu- 
nicipal plants, boilers have blown up, generators have been 
burned out, engines have been wrecked and the city has 
had law suits on account of the lines not being kept up 
and poor service generally. Good men are scarce and their 
services should he appreciated. 

Yours respectfully, 

F. B. Harris, 
Superintendent Water and Light Plant, 
Covington, Ga. 



Vol. XXX., No. 


Current Subjects of General Interest, Under Consideration by City Councils and Department Heads — Streets, 
Water Works, Lighting and Sanitary Matters — Fire and Police Items — Government and Finance 


Year's Work on Streets in Atlanta 

Atlanta, Ga. — The annual report of City Engineer R. M. 
Clayton gives the amount of work done by the Street De- 
partment as follows: Curbing and sidewalks laid during the 
year 1910, 35.8 miles, at a cost of $179,809.86. The majority 
of the sidewalks were paved with cement. The total cost 
of it all was charged against the property owners and thus 
cost the city nothing. Wherever sidewalks were laid, curb- 
ing was put down also, so the figures quoted above mean 
that much of both has been finished. Total sewers laid 
during the year were 12.43 miles, at a cost of $100,983.57. 
Of that amount 2.62 miles, costing $47,329.47, were paid for 
with bond issue money. The cost of the remaining was 
assessed against the property owners. No less than 10.94 
miles of new street paving was put down in the year. That 
includes chert, bitulithic, bituminous macadam, old granite 
block and creosoted wood block. The total cost was $282,- 
640.81. Of that amount $249,425.10 was paid by the city and 
the property owners combined, the city paying a third and 
the property owners the balance. The other cost, or $53,215, 
was paid by the street railway company. 

More Grade Crossings Going 

Buffalo, N. Y. — Nine more Buffalo grade crossings are to 
be abolished. These are the Erie crossings at Main, Gene- 
see, Doat and Colvin streets, Delevan, Kensington, Walden 
and Delaware avenues and the Military road. The contract, 
which was signed last week by the Grade Crossings Com- 
mission and the Erie Railroad Company, also provides for a 
crossing not at grade at East Amherst street when that 
thoroughfare is opened. With these crossings abolished 
there will be few left to deal with. All of these crossings are 
dangerous and have been the cause of complaints for years. 

One Grade Crossing Change to Cost $600,000 

Cincinnati, O. — City Engineer Shipley says that the Rook- 
wood crossing of the Pennsylvania lines would probably be 
the first grade crossing to be abolished with the funds pro- 
vided by the recent sale of the grade crossing bonds. The 
estimated cost of the work is $600,000, one-half of which is 
to be borne by the railroad and one-half by the city. Of the 
city's portion, the Cincinnati Traction Company will be re- 
quired to bear a just and equitable share. This,' however, 
shall not exceed one-half of the city's burden of the cost. 

Will Widen Streets in Burned District 

Cincinnati, O. — Councilman Robert O'Brien has proposed 
to remedy the evils of traffic congestion in the vicinity of 
Sycamore street, where a large area was recently burned, 
by having the city condemn portions of the property affect- 
ed for the purpose of widening streets. 

Plan Laws for Suburbs to Give Better Streets 

Clayton, Mo. — Delegates from each municipality in the 
county met at Clayton last week to discuss legislation bene- 
ficial to the suburban towns. The principal subject dis- 
cussed was the drawing up of a bill which, if made a law, 
will allow the County Court to spend on work in the towns 
60 per cent of the road taxes paid by the municipalities. 
Under the existing law residents of municipalities in the 
county pay the regular tax of 40 cents on the $100 valuation 
in addition to the 20-cent special road tax, and the county 
is not allowed to spend money on their roads. The grade- 
crossing question was also discussed. Senator Buel L. Mat- 
thews, of St. Louis County, has announced that he will 
introduce a bill in the Legislature giving the officials of 
municipalities and the judges of the county courts power 
to eliminate grade crossings. Samuel Hodgdon, of Web- 
ster Groves, presided. Addresses were made by Judge Her- 
man ITackmann and Wilfred Jones. 

Big Increase in Improvements 

East Orange, N. J. — In an annual report made to the East 
Orange City Council, which, by reason of the fact that he is 
soon to relinquish his office, is in effect a valedictory, City 
Engineer Frederic A. Reimer showed that the construction 
of new improvements under his supervision during the year 
1910 was between four and five times as great as that of 
1909, and the purely maintenance work over $7,000 in ex- 
cess of that of the previous year. The value of new im- 
provements aggregated in the present year $305,702.73, and 
that of 1909 $67,369.73. according to the report, while the 
figures for maintenance work were respectively $54,881.63 
and $47,510.42. In the new work was included 9793 feet of 
sewer extensions, 8752 feet of drainage extensions, 29,936 
feet of new paving, 22,238 feet of new sidewalks, 11,540 feet 
of new curbs and gutters in Park avenue and 168 new 
street lamps. The maintenance work embraced resurfacing 
of 34,154 feet of roads, resetting 25,106 feet of curbs, relay- 
ing 2476 square yards of gutter, oiling 26.84 miles of streets, 
cleaning 153 streets and repairing 13,273 feet of sidewalks. 
Besides that snow and ice was removed from sidewalks at 
a cost of $4,096.77 to the property owners. 

Year's Street Work in Minneapolis 

Minneapolis, Minn. — According to figures compiled by the 
City Engineer, $2,274,015 was spent during 1910 in street 
improvement work. Sixteen miles of paving was laid at a 
cost of $525,000, and $99,700 was expended in constructing 
51 miles of curb. Other expenditures were: 26 miles of 
sewers, $530,000; 40 miles of water mains, $380,000; 28 miles 
of sidewalks, $73,900; roads, $90,593; filtration plant, $65,000: 
bridges, $29,822; Street Commissioner work, $480,000. 

Nine Grade Crossings to Go 

New York, N. Y. — The Public Service Commission has 
ordered nine grade crossings to be abolished by the Long 
Island Railroad on its north side division in Flushing. The 
Legislature at its last session appropriated $200,000 for such 
work in Queens County, inasmuch as the law requires that 
the city and State shall each pay one-quarter of the cost. 
The remaining half is to be paid by the company. With 
the amount thus available the Commission could only order 
an improvement to cost not more than $800,000, but inas- 
much as the Commission substantially approved the plan 
submitted by the Long Island for a general improvement 
covering about 13,000 feet of roadbed, which the city's engi- 
neers also approved, the company has agreed to pay the 
extra cost which will bring the entire amount to more than 

Pouring and Spraying of Oil Compared 

Plainfield, N. J. — During the season of 1910 two carloads 
of Standard road oil were spread by means of Saybolt pneu- 
matic wagons, by which method the oil is forced out in a 
fine spray under air pressure. This process met with gen- 
eral approval from the fact that the street could be used 
immediately after the application of the oil. While much 
less oil is used than in the pouring process the treatment 
does not last as long and should be repeated at intervals 
of four or six weeks. The street committee, in their annual 
report, say that, judging from two years' experience, the 
expense of treating all streets so that they should be dust- 
less during the entire season would be more than the city 
can now afford. 

Opposes Acceptance of Any More Macadam Pavements 

Schenectady, N. Y. — Commisisoner Quackenbush, in his 
annual report, says that he is opposed to the acceptance by 
the city of any more macadam pavements, as they wear out 
quickly and are expensive to repair. The street repair 
account, last year, as given in the report of Superintendent 
Charles Ilogan, was $7,000. 



5 7 

Cement Pavement Disintegrating 
Portland, Ore. — Several thousand square yards of Hassam 
>avement on East Twenty-first and Milwaukee streets, laid 
vithin the last four months, will have to be removed for 
he reason that it is disintegrating, according to a statement 
nade by Manager George H. Hyland, of the Oregon Has- 
sam Paving Company. This is due, he says, to the fact 
hat the cement used in the pavement was worthless, which 
act was unknown to the paving company when the pave- 
nent was laid. The pavement will be replaced immediately 
with good cement at the expense of the cement firm which 
jroduced the inferior material. The loss to the cement 
irm will reach approximately $50,000, it is said. 

Lien on the Streets 
Topeka, Kan. — For the first time in the memory of the 
)fficials of the city, Topeka has had a lien served on some 
)f its streets, sidewalks and alleys. Claiming that John 
Ritchie, a local paving contractor, owed them various 
sums, the Topeka Vitrified Brick & Tile Company and C. A. 
Ritchie have notified them that a lien has been served on 
:onsiderable paving work. The brick company claims that 
Contractor Ritchie owes them $755-95 for materials. C. A. 
Ritchie claims $2,535.50 for work and material. 

Paving Record in South Bend 
South Bend, Ind. — Brick pavements costing $55,746.99 
vere laid during the year, while $30,219.69 was spent in the 
instruction of macadam pavements. Asphalt pavements, 
vhich were contracted for in 1909, were completed this year 
it a cost of $15,681.11. 

Points to Be Covered by Indiana Road Law 

Indianapolis, Ind. — A subcommittee consisting of William 
F. Elliott, chairman; B. J. T. Jeup, secretary; C. A. Kenyon, 
William Fortune, L. Ert Slack and W. L. Slinkard, repre- 
senting the Indiana Good Roads Association, has begun 
vork on the draft of a bill to be presented to the General 
\ssembly in January, under which it is hoped that better 
"oads for Indiana may be obtained. This committee was 
ippointed by Addison C. Harris, who has been elected 
:hairman of the general legislative committee of the Indi- 
ina Good Roads Association. Although this committee is 
lot bound by restrictive instructions from the general com- 
nittee, it has been asked to report one or more bills which 
will embrace these general points: A state highway com- 
nission and its powers; State aid in constructing and main- 
lining roads; special taxes on vehicles; use of convict labor, 
ind amendments to present statutes. These ideas were 
selected by the general committee after a long discussion, 
is embracing the fundamentals of needed legislation for re- 
ief in road matters in the State. 

City Engineer Reports on Paving Work Done 

Syracuse, N. Y. — Public improvements costing $495,087.83 
have been completed during 1910, according to the report 
oi City Engineer Henry C. Allen to Commissioner of Public 
Safety Frank M. Westcott. During the year more than 
5.69 miles of pavement have been laid, which is a larger 
mileage than any previous year in the history of the city 
with the exception of 1898 and 1899, when 6.39 and 6.94 
miles, respectively, were laid. At present the city has 74.43 
miles of pavement, or more than one-fourth of the total of 
approximately 270 miles. 

The report shows the following work carried to com- 
pletion during the year: Pavements, 5.69 miles, costing 
$285,743.64; sewers, 5.64 miles, costing $65,236.35; side- 
walks, 9.26 miles, costing $23,633.60; streets graded, 1.47 
miles, costing $14,311.47; miscellaneous contracts, including 
street sprinkling, flushing and the like, cost $106,162.77; 
total, $495,087.83. 

Annual Report on Streets 

Springfield, O. — Springfield has an area of 11.1 square 
miles, .parks of 225.71 acres, 14.69 miles of paved streets, 17 
miles of macadam streets, 48 miles of graveled streets, 46 
miles of sewers, 2,426,525 square feet of cement walks and 
284,856.45 feet of cement curb and gutter, according to a 
report of the engineering department of the city govern- 
ment submitted to the service director by Engineer M. J. 
Bahin. During the year 320 permits for laying cement curb 
and gutter were issued, a total of 122,250 square feet beins* 
laid and 12,271 feet of curb and gutter. 


160 Miles of Sewers Laid in Four Years 

Baltimore, Md— Chief Engineer Calvin W. Hendrick, of 
the Sewerage Commission, has submitted to Mayor Mahool, 
for use in the latter's annual message to the City Council, 
a statement showing that in the four years of the Mayor's 
incumbency 160 miles of sanitary and storm water sewers 
have been laid. Mayor Mahool regards this evidence of 
work that has been accomplished in Baltimore's biggest 
municipal undertaking with particular pride. The statement 
from Mr. Hendrick calls attention to the fact that the enor- 
mous disposal works on Back River have been practically 
completed, and the roof almost laid over the new sewerage 
pumping station on East Falls avenue. The pumps for this 
station, almost the largest of their kind in existence, have 
been completed and are awaiting shipment from the fac- 
tory. Mr. Hendrick still sticks by his promise that the com- 
pleted portion of the system in the eastern and northeastern 
sections of the city will be ready to be put into operation by 

Contamination of Water Increases Yearly 

Cleveland, O— Proof that the city's water supply is be- 
coming more contaminated each year is seen by Superin- 
tendent Ford, of the Health Department, in a report show- 
ing the results of the bacteriological examination of water 
from the new intake each day since the year of the com- 
pletion of the new water tunnel. The bacteriological report 
shows that during the year 1904 the presence of colon 
bacilli was discovered in the water only on 12 days. In 1905, 
11 days was the total. The total for 1907 was 29 and in 
1908 it jumped to 40 days. In 1909 it was 43, and for the 
first 11 months of the present year it was 57. Indications 
are that the complete report will show a total several points 
above 60. Health officials compare this bacteriological 
showing of the water supply with the typhoid reports. The 
total number of typhoid deaths for this year will run to 
about 104, as against 67 for the year 1909. 

Sewer and Water Pipes in Same Trench 

Mt. Jackson, Va. — The town has just completed an up-to- 
date water and sewer system. With a natural drainage the 
town was adapted to an easy disposal of its sewage. When 
the water system was voted on favorably last summer some 
of the citizens agitated a sewer system along with the 
gravity water system. Acting upon this, a committee 
secured the necessary money to purchase the pipe. This 
pipe was laid in the same trench with the water line, and 
the entire work was completed at a cost of a little more 
than $12,000. Kneisley Bros., of Woodstock, Va., had charge 
of the work, Mr. H. A. Kneisley, of the firm, supervising it. 
A reservoir of 600,000 gallons has been built in Massanuttin 
Mountain, several large springs furnishing the water. A 
pressure of no pounds has been developed. 

No Public Drinking Cups Allowed in Idaho 

Boise, Idaho. — The public drinking cup was abolished as 
an institution within the borders of Idaho January 1. 
Drinking fountains in the public buildings probably will 
be supplied with paper cups which can be used only once. 
The new law prohibits the use of common drinking cups 
on all railroad trains, railroad stations, hotels, stores, public 
and private schools and a number of other institutions. 
Circulars have been issued by the railroad companies or- 
dering their employees to remove all cups from passenger 
cars while traversing Idaho. 

Sewers Choked by Street Flushing 

Philadelphia, Pa. — Complaints have come from many 
sections of the city because of the filthy condition of the 
streets, but more particularly because Contractor Vare's 
men are pushing the tilth, left after the snow melted, into 
the sewers instead of carting it away. One result has been 
the choking up of the inlets, rendering the smaller sewers 
useless, and in some sections causing water to back up 
into cellars. Besides the trouble with sewers, there has 
been considerable complaint from the water officials regard- 
ing the use of filtered water at a time when it may be 
necessary to pump raw water into the mains. 



Vol. XXX.. No. 


Watervliet Water Situation Serious 

Watervliet, X. Y.- \ mass meeting of Watervliet citizens 
was held lasl week in Corporation Hall, when action was 
taken on the present water situation. The meeting was 
called by Mayor llanratla and the Water Hoard. The large 
hall was packed with prominent residents of the Arsenal 
City. Mayor llanratta said in calling the meeting to order 
that he and the Water Hoard had done all in their power to 
protect the city from lire. Me made arrangements with the 
Roy Mill, where thousands of gallons of water are being 
pumped from the Hudson into the mains, and the Water- 
vliet Arsenal and Green Island Water Company are 
furnishing several thousand gallons daily. The Mayor said 
he had visited Commissioner of Fublic Works Mann, of 
Troy, and that official assured him that the Collar City will 
furnish fire engines in case of a fire occurring in Water- 
vliet. "Gentlemen," said the Mayor, in closing, "I am out 
for a municipal plant. The Hydraulic Company is not try- 
ing to help us out." Other speakers expressed themselves 
as favoring a municipal plant. 

Favor New Water Rate 

Cleveland, O. — A special committee of Council, appointed 
some months ago to look into the question of establishing 
new water rates will advise that a ready-to-serve charge of 
$i be substituted for the present minimum charge of $1.25 
for houses of six rooms or less and $2.50 for houses con- 
taining more than six rooms. This single minimum of $1 
would be charged whether water is used or not and would 
entitle the consumer to the use of 2500 cubic feet of water 
without additional charge. Above this $1 charge there 
would be a charge of 40 cents for every thousand feet of 
water used. 

Water Company Sues City 

Connersville, Ind. — The Connersville Hydraulic Company 
has brought suit in the Circuit Court to enjoin the City of 
Connersville from tearing down and removing the engines, 
boilers and pumps of the city water works, located on the 
hydraulic company's ground, to the city's new plant. The 
city formerly received its water supply through the canal 
maintained by the hydraulic company, and erected a pump- 
ing station on the company's ground, the lease for which 
expired about 18 months ago. The hydraulic company al- 
leges that by the terms of its lease to the city, after the 
expiration of the time it was to run, the buildings and pump- 
ing machinery, if not removed before, become the absolute 
property of the company. The president of this company is 
E. Dwight Johnston. Finly H. Gray, Mayor; the members 
of the Council, the contractors and T. H. Stoops, of this 
city, are defendants. 

Water Contract Renewed 

Elizabeth, N. J. — The contract between the City of Eliza- 
beth and the Elizabeth Town Water Company has been 
renewed for a period of three years. In the contract, how- 
ever, were important alterations to benefit the city. The 
special committee on water supply that had in charge the 
matter of resuming the contract first reported favorably, 
and later a resolution empowering the proper city officials to 
execute a contract in accordance with the recommendations 
of the report was adopted. The new contract will reduce 
the cost of water for each fire hydrant from $15 to $10 and 
the water company will a^rce to furnish free water for 
street sprinkling. The rates to municipal buildings and 
fountains will remain the same, as will the rates for houses. 
The discount on bills paid at the proper time will be 10 
per cent, instead of 5 per cent. So that 'the city may be 
protected there will be a clause in the contract providing 
that the city can revoke the contract at any time after 
giving a notice of 00 days. This clause was inserted, it Was 
explained, so that if the city at any time thought it proper 
to install a municipal water plant — as recommended by 
Mayor-elect Stein- it could be in a position to do so. The 
new contract took effect on December 31. 

Year's Work of Minneapolis Water Department 

Minneapolis, Minn. — During 1910, up to Dec. 29, the City 
Waterworks Department spent $779,897.58. Of this, $550,000 
was for construction work. The total receipts for the year 
up to Dec. 29 were $516,764.22, with approximately $35,000 
to be added before the new year, making all told $551,764.22. 
Construction work this year has been unusually heavy, work 
on the filter plant alone costing $76,352.46. Then large 
feeder mains have been laid, entailing heavy outlay. The 
cost of material used amounted to $270,340.33. It has been 
necessary to draw over $200,000 on the surplus of $414,000 
of last year. The revenue this year was $90,000 more than 
a year ago, $347,330.96 for water being collected in 1909, as 
compared with about $430,000 for 1910. During the year 
4170 meters were installed, compared with 3455 last year, and 
3612 taps were made, compared with 2978 in 1909. 

Must Drink Raw Water 

Philadelphia, Pa. — Street cleaners have opened fire plugs 
and otherwise wasted water to such an extent while flushing 
streets recently that the water in the Oak Lane reservoir 
was so depleted that it was necessary for the Water Bureau 
to supply raw water to make up the deficiency for that sec- 
tion of the city depending upon that source of reserve sup- 
ply for filtered water. It was several days before the pump- 
ing stations and filtration system were able to catch up 
with the loss sustained by the wasteful use of water in 
flushing the streets. Manufacturers in the northeast have 
complained of the lack of water to properly operate their 
mills. One concern on Lehigh avenue, where many plugs 
were opened at one time and cleaners refused to use 
the hose as directed, there was but one pound of water pres- 
sure, and it was impossible in some instances to feed water 
to boilers which were supplying power without shutting 
down the plant and reducing the steam pressure. 

Considerable complaint has been made of freezing fire 
plugs, which Chief Dunlap declares is avoidable, and is the 
result of the constant opening and closing of plugs which 
freeze while the water is permitted to drip from an improp- 
erly closed plug. The fire plugs are so constructed that 
when the flow is properly shut off the valve is so low in the 
ground that it will not freeze. The water left in the plug 
when shut off quickly leaks through a duct into the earth, 
entirely emptying the exposed section of the plug. 

Improvements in Water and Light Plants 

Mishawaka, Ind. — In the Electric Light and Water De- 
partment the electric light extensions and improvements 
cost estimated $4,000; 9000 feet of water mains cost $8,005; 
three pure water wells, 10 inches in diameter, about $3,500. 
Total in department, $16,000. The Water Department now 
has 1816 patrons and the Electric Light Department 1460 
patrons, a fine growth. In 191 1 the city will in all probabil- 
ity build a pumping plant in East Mishawaka, giving the 
city pure water in the mains. 

Water Meters in Petersburg 

Petersburg, Va. — City Engineer Robert Budel. on a visit 
to Norfolk, made the following statement of the results 
obtained in Petersburg from the use of meters: 

No city which ever adopts meters is willing to abandon them. 
There was feeling against their use in Petersburg when they were 
put in the ground, but that city will not give them up now, for 
they are profitably used. Before meters were installed Petersburg 
was pumping 2,500,000 gallons of water a day. The first few 
months after the installation of the meters the pumpage was re- 
duced 90 per cent. The daily pumpage now is 800,000 gallons. 
The average household charge in Petersburg, under meters, is 65 
cents per month. Before they were used I was paying $36 a 
year for water. 

There was a panicky feeling in Petersburg when the meter 
system was adopted. The pumpage fell very low, and there was 
a cry that the city would not get enough revenue from its water 
rents to maintain the water department. Gradually this feeling 
subsided as the people became accustomed to meters. 

Despite the revenue of the Water Department of Petersburg 
has been reduced by (lie installation of meters, this has been 
more than offset by the decrease in the operating division of the 
department. We are able to shut down our pumps at midnight 
sometimes and the great decrease in pumpage has cut (he coal 
and other bills way down. 




City Liable for Damages in Supplying Bad Water 
St. Paul, Minn. — The Supreme Court has handed down a 
decision declaring that a city with its own water works sys- 
tem is liable for damages that citizens suffer by getting bad 
svater. The case may mean damage suits aggregating mil- 
ions of dollars for municipalities where typhoid epidemics 
:an be traced to the water supply. The decision was given 
n the cases of Delia Keever and' Kate Flanagan, two Man- 
cato women whose husbands died during the typhoid fever 
epidemic in that city in 1907 and who sued the city for 
£5,000 damages each. The lower court ruled against them 
ind the Supreme Court reversed the case. The attorneys 
: or the defendant said in their argument before the court 
last spring if it was decided that the city was liable it 
ivould mean damage suits aggregating $10,000,000 would be 
iled against the city. This, they said, would bankrupt the 
:ity and threaten its very existence, as the assessed valua- 
:ion of property in Mankato is only $4,000,000. The cases 
iow go back to the Blue Earth County District Court for 
"etrial, and it will be a question of fact for the jury to 
determine whether the husbands of the defendants got the 
yphoid through the water supply and whether the city was 
legligent. It was commonly understood that the typhoid 
:pidemic was due to a leak from the sewer system into the 
vater system, but it may be a difficult matter to prove in 
:ourt that it was the city's fault. 

Sheboygan's Municipal Water Plant Is Paying 
Sheboygan, Wis. — With revenues of $81,664.70 for the year 
he Sheboygan Water Works plant, under the second year 
)f municipal ownership will show a large increase in profits, 
t being estimated that the net receipts of the plant will 
ixceed $57,000. The gross revenues of the plant for the 
>revious year are given at $77,000, showing a gain of $4,664 
or 1910, the fiscal year for which closed June 30. Accom- 
>anying the report is a recommendation of the City Water 
Commission for a 10 per cent reduction in water rates to 

Water Company Treats City Liberally 
Bridgeport, Conn. — At the solicitation of Mayor Buck- 
ngham, and as a New Year's gift to the city, the Bridge- 
tort Hydraulic Company has released the municipality from 
iny obligation to pay for water supply for the hydrants, 
rhe historic controvers}' over this contract is done away 
vith without legal entanglements and the resultant cost of 
ime, harmonious feelings and money. The announcement 
vas made New Year's day, and is considered to be an ex- 
:ellent example of a corporation helping a city in its 
rrowth and general prosperity; also an example for other 
vater supply corporations in other cities. The contract with 
he city has about 16 years more to run. During years past 
his has been a point of issue between individuals and the 
lydraulic company. For this purpose the sum of $12,000 is 
ippropriated annually by the city. By its action it is esti- 
nated that, even if the city has no growth and there is no 
ncrease in the number cf hydrants, the company practically 
nakes a present to the city of $192,000, the total of 16 years' 
>ayment of $12,000 annually. Surely the city and Mayor 
Buckingham are to be congratulated over this result. But 
here will be a notable increase both in the size of the city 
ind the number of hydrants. Although impossible to pre- 
lict the amount of increase, a conservative increase places 
he present at a total of $250,000. 

New Filtering Plant Completed 
Eugene, Ore. — When the university students returned 
ast week they were able to secure pure water from the 
:ity mains. One of the largest modern filtering plants in 
he State has been recently completed. The type of filter, 
vhich is the same as that in use at Oregon City, has been 
ipproved by the university and State authorities. It will 
:ost the city over $60,000. Before this the city water was 
iltered, and repeated tests shewed it to be pure, but the 
)lant was a small one, and suspicion and caution have 
>rompted many to boil the water or to use well water. It 
s thought that the latter is responsible for half a dozen 
:ases of sickness in the last few weeks. It was noticed 
he sickness occurred immediately after a flood of the 
A r illiamette, and it is thought that the heavy rains and 
ligh water washed surface water into the wells and con- 
aminated them. 


Ornamental Lighting Movement Spreading 
Atlanta, Ga. — Since the turning on of the "Great White 
Way" on Peachtree, Whitehall and Mitchell, the beauty and 
value of this scheme of ornamental public lighting has 
gradually grown into the good graces of the people gener- 
ally, and it is now generally recognized that Atlanta, in its 
main artery of retail traffic is the handsomest lighted city in 
the South. These ornamental lighting standards are being 
placed on Marietta to Cone and on Forsyth street from 
Marietta to Peachtree, on Broad street from Marietta to 
Peachtree and on Luckie from Forsyth to Peachtree. This 
second installation will probably be turned on about the 
first of February, thus adding another large portion of the 
downtown business streets to the system of lighting that so 
beautified the central thoroughfares. It has long been rec- 
ognized as a logical and proper thing to do to light in this 
same manner Pryor street from Peachtree on through at 
least to the railroad and the intersecting streets between 
Peachtree and Pryor. The various people who have inter- 
ests on Pryor street have in the last few days gotten 
together and have signed up practically all frontages, thus 
insuring the spread of the lights to Pryor street, and it is 
probable that other adjacent streets in the very near future 
will also be canvassed and added to this third installation. 
The property owners and merchants on Pryor street are 
very enthusiastic about this movement, as they have plainly 
seen the value of the lights to the street and how dark it 
is in comparison to the other streets thus lighted. Xevei 
before has Atlanta had the opportunity to note how truly 
"business follows the lights." It is generally conceded as 
a fair and proper move for the City Council to light and 
maintain the system on other downtown business streets 
and undoubtedly this will be the attitude of the Council 
when the recently canvassed blocks have been presented for 
their consideration. 

New Contract and Improved Lights 
Defiance, O. — The ten-\-ear contract between the Defiance 
Gas & Electric Company has been signed b}' President Wil- 
liam T. Morris, of the Defiance Gas & Electric Company, 
and the Director of Public Service. This means the end of 
the much-discussed lighting problem and the poor light 
service, as the company will immediately begin the work of 
installing the new system of street lights. 

The principal points in the contract are as follows: 

It is for a period of ten years. Street lamps numbering between 
83 and 100 are to be on the rate of $70 per lamp per annum. The 
lamps are to be of modern inclosed type, the long burning series 
and produce a much better light than the present old style lamp, 
On the business part of Clinton street the company is to install 
six Boston flaming arc lamps, which give a much greater light than 
the ordinary arc lamp and are more expensive to install and more 
ostly to operate. Electricity for commercial use is to be charged 
at the rate of 9 cents per kw-hour with a discount of one cent per 
kw-hour if the bill is paid by the tenth of the month. Gas is to be 
charged at the rate of $1.35 a thousand, with a discount of 10 
<ents a thousand if the bill is paid by the tenth of the month. The 
city is to have the privilege of carrying the fire alarm wires on 
the poles of the company. The poles of the company are to be 
painted in accordance with instructions of the Director of Public 

Want City to Pay for White Way 
Des Moines, la. — The Commercial Club will make a big 
tight next year to compel the city to pay for the electricity 
used in the downtown electrolier street lighting system, 
according to Secretary Geis Botsford. "With the current 
paid for by the city the system would be extended to prac- 
tically every business block in the city." Mr. Botsford said 
recently. "The city is not playing fair. A year ago it was 
intimated that after another year the city would pay for 
the current, but the commissioners seem to be making no 
plans to do so. Instead, the citizens are paying for the light- 
ing of downtown streets as individuals. The city turns off 
its arc lights in the downtown districts until after midnight, 
when the electroliers go out." 

St. Maries Will Have Good Light 
St. Maries. Idaho. — The citizens in the west end are hav- 
ing installed a new street lighting system which, when com- 
pleted, will be the only one of its kind in the Northwest. 
The lights form an arch across Front avenue at each corner, 
with 150 four-candle power tungsten lamps and one huge 
arc light in the center. 



Vol. XXX., Nf 

Power Plant in Connection with High Dam 

St. Paul, Minn. — In reply to the criticism of (i. VV. 
Lewis, secretary of the Mississippi River Boulevard Asso- 
ciation, anent the advisability of constructing the high dam 
for power purposes in which it is pointed out that in plan- 
ning for the generation of electricity no provision has been 
made to pay for the installation of an auxiliary steam plant 
in case of low water, Mayor Keller declared the steam 
plant provision has been under consideration by the busi- 
ness corporation, comprising the officials of the Twin City 
and the university authorities, ever since the question of 
using the high dam for power purposes was first taken up. 
The Mayor said the engineering departments of the two 
cities and the dean of the school of engineering of the 
university had given the auxiliary power plant installation 
considerable investigation, and he believed a detailed esti- 
mate of this plan had been included in the general estimate 
of the expense which would have to be borne by all parties 
interested in the improvement. 

Gas Company Says It's Going to Quit 

Cleveland, O. — The East Ohio Gas Company, recently 
denied a franchise giving it the right to increase the price 
of artificial gas, has taken the first step toward making good 
its threat to shut off the supply by notifying all the em- 
ployees at artificial gas plants of their dismissal to take 
effect Jan. 17, 1911. Over 1000 men are affected. 

City Gets a Good Natural Gas Well 

Iola, Kan. — Drillers for the Municipal Gas Department 
have brought in the best gas well in recent years on the 
Arnold lease in the west field. Other wells will be drilled in 
the vicinity of the new gasser in the near future. 


New Auto Apparatus Received 
Augusta, Ga. — The new Webb auto chemical hose and lad- 
der wagon, just received, has been named Thomas Barrett, 
Jr., in honor of the Mayor. The appartus differs in some 
details of design from any other in the country. The ladder 
receptacles are made according to suggestions of Chief Rey- 
nolds and Chairman Kalbfleisch. 

Driving over Fire Hose to Be Stopped 
Baton Rouge, La. — City Fire Chief Hugh Waddill an- 
nounces that after Jan. 1 any person who drives over city 
fire hose will be promptly arrested and prosecuted before 
the city court. There have been a great many complaints 
from firemen over the way persons have been in the habit 
of driving over hose at fires. The weight of a carriage does 
serious damage to the hose. There is a city ordinance 
against driving over the hose, and the Fire Department 
officials say that the ordinance will be strictly enforced. 

Self Government for Police of Berkeley 
Berkeley, Cal. — Chief of Police August Vollmer has an- 
nounced that hereafter the men of the Police Department 
are to govern themselves, settle their petty differences by a 
jury of their peers and hear complaints made against them 
both by members of their own corps and the general public. 
In the latter cases the approval of the Chief and Commis- 
sioner of Public Health and Safety is required before the 
findings are regarded as final. Chief Vollmer has been con- 
sidered as one of the most progressive police chiefs in the 
country, and the result of his experiment will be watched 
with interest. A year ago he established the golden rule 
policy. The soft non-fracturing club was adopted some time 
ago as the official weapon of patrolmen. 

Police Department Buys Bloodhounds 
Chattanooga, Tenn. — The Chattanooga Police Department 
now owns two fine-looking bloodhounds', and from all re- 
ports their record is as good as their looks. The new 
hounds were received in the city last week and were at 
once turned over to Detectives Clark and Gibson, who will 
have charge of them. They came from Brushy Mountain 
State Prison, and have a record of making a number of good 
catches at the prison. The hounds are the property of the 
city, and will be used in cases of arson, housebreaking, 
larceny and all cases where work of this kind is needed. 

Water Supply Failed — Town Nearly Destroyed 

Granville, N. Y. — The village of Granville was saved from 
destruction by fire Jan. 3, by a sudden shift of the wind after 
the flames had consumed ten blocks of business buildings, 
three hotels and seven residences. The loss was $300,000. 
There were no casualties. The fire had free sway owing 
to the failure of the water supply. Long lines of hose were 
strung to the Pawlet River, but the stream which was 
pumped was too feeble to be of much service. The fire 
started in a clothing store. Its cause has not been ascer- 
tained. Granville has a population of about 5000. 

Fire Chief Advises Against Special Privileges 

Milwaukee, Wis. — Fire Chief Clancy has advised the Coun- 
cil Committee on Public Buildings and Grounds not to 
grant any special privileges to vacate or build over alleys 
in the downtown district on account of the danger through 
fires. "I am strongly against closing up alleys or building 
over them with nothing but a driveway for the reason that 
it would give the Fire Department no opportunity to fight 
fires," he said. "No ladders could be erected and the flames 
would be given an added impetus to do damage. We must 
not only fight fires, but also prevent them." 

New Fire Chief for Auto Apparatus 

Minneapolis, Minn. — Charles W. Ringer, who has recently 
been appointed Chief Engineer, is reported to have said 
that no more horse-drawn fire apparatus will be purchased 
or ordered built, if he can direct it. He is in favor of 
motor-propelled vehicles. "It is time Minneapolis had 
apparatus on automobile trucks," he said, "and I am going 
to start construction of a motor-propelled combination hose 
and chemical wagon in the repair shops as soon as I can." 

Fire Chief to Investigate 

Elkhart, Ind. — Mayor Chester has announced that Fire 
Chief Ulrich would at once begin a thorough investigation 
of conditions in all business buildings and other large struc- 
tures, especially the basements. The object is two-fold — 
first, to order correction of improper conditions and, second, 
to acquaint the firemen with the "lay of the land" in order 
to be better able to meet emergencies. The Chief will be 
accompanied by different firemen at different times. 

Steam Engine and Paid Department Are in Service 

Navarre, O. — The Navarre Fire Department has dis- 
banded. It held its final meeting last week, read and ap- 
proved the minutes, transacted some business and adjourned 
sine die. Hereafter the protection of the village will rest 
with a department consisting of 15 men who will work 
under the direction of a chief, an assistant chief and an 
engineer. A new steam engine has been purchased and the 
old hand engine serves no other purpose than to show pos- 
terity with what apparatus their, ancestors worked. The 
City Council, which purchased the new engine, has assumed 
supervision of the new Fire Department, which is expected 
to do wonders in the future. Navarre residents say that 
they will never work more faithfully or more loyally than 
did the old company with the hand engine. That, they say, 
would be impossible. 

Fire College for City 

New York, N. Y. — For three months or more Commis- 
sioner Rhinelander Waldo and Chief E. F. Croker have 
be'en perfecting a project which Hugh Bonner often talked 
about — the establishment of a "Fire College," so that the 
lore of fire fighting, gained by individuals in years of fight- 
ing thousands of fires, might be preserved instead of dying 
with the individual. Practical work in machine shops, lec- 
tures on explosives by well-known chemists, talks and 
demonstrations by electrical engineers on the new prob- 
lems offered by the high voltage electrified railroads, the 
handling of blazes in high buildings, a better understand- 
ing of the high pressure system, and very practical lessons 
in the scaling of walls, jumping into life nets, and the 
handling of all kinds of tools used by firemen, all these 
subjects and many more of a practical nature will be taken 
up and drilled into the force by the fire college. The fire college 
is not intended to supplant the regular drill school, but is 
inaugurated for the purpose of carrying on higher work. 

January ii, 191 i. 



New Fire Hose, All Good 
New York, N. Y. — Commissioner Waldo has completed 
the purchase of 60,000 feet of fire hose, of which two-thirds 
will be used in Manhattan and the other third in Brooklyn 
and Queens. A new system was used in testing this hose. 
Every link was tested to make sure that it was up to its 
contract requirement of resisting pressure of 400 pounds 
to the square inch. The average strength of the new hose 
was found to resist 600 pounds pressure. The date of pur- 
chase is marked on a piece of red rubber at the coupling of 
each link. Under the former system only selected pieces 
of hose were tested. 

Fire Alarm Boxes Provided with Lights 

Rochester, N. Y. — In order to make the fire alarm boxes 
clearly recognizable at night they have been equipped with 
an incandescent lamp enclosed in an outer red globe. No 
change was made in the fire-alarm posts, a special fitting 
at the top being equipped with a shade holder and a 40-watt, 
clear-bulb, tungsten lamp over which is a red globe with the 
words "Fire Alarm" etched in it. The lighting circuit to 
the post is run underground either from the underground 
system or from a pole line, the leads in the latter case pass- 
ing down the pole in conduit to the fire alarm post. Where 
the lighting circuits are on the opposite side of the street 




f *B~ 1 



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L'-HB 1 4\I 

l jiii 



Courtesy Electrical World 


the circuit is placed underground in an iron pipe, a single 
conductor being used for one lead and the pipe itself for the 
other lead. In this way the extra cost of a double con- 
ductor is saved and the small transformers — for all the 
lamps receive energy from an overhead or underground 16- 
volt, 40-watt transformer connected to the constant-current 
arc lighting circuits — are effectually grounded. The small 
transformers are in most cases set in the manholes adjacent 
to the fire-alarm posts. The invention is the outcome of 
an incident that occurred some time ago, when a fire made 
considerable progress because a citizen could not find 
a box at night. It is the joint work of City Engineer 
Fisher and officers of the Rochester Rail and Light Co. 

Schenectady's Annual Fire Record 

Schenectady, N. Y. — According to the annual report of 
Chief Henry R. Yates, of the Fire Department, there were 
280 fires during the year, with a total loss of $62,307.01, as 
against 250 fires, with a total loss of $152,08671 in 1909. On 
the buildings in which there were fires during the year the 
insurance amounted to $419,349.94, and their contents were 
insured for $126,760, a total insurance of $546,109.94. The in- 
surance paid on the buildings was $30,639.41 and on the 
contents $26,882.60, with an estimated uninsured loss of 
$4,685. These latter amounts added together are taken to 
represent the total fire loss of the year, $62,307.01. 

Enjoyed Being Mayor 

Detroit, Mich. — Mayor Philip H. Breitmeyer, who retired 
from office on Jan. 1, was asked in what light he now viewed 
his policy of making his office a universal social club during 
his two-year incumbency, and how much it had cost him. 
The Mayor's chief object seems to have been to be a jolly 
good fellow to everybody. He has given banquets and other 
entertainments galore, and the invitations to the same have 
been sent out with a free hand. The Mayor said he had 
kept no account whatever of what it had cost him, but 
when different figures were suggested to him he admitted 
that it might have been in the neighborhood of $40,000. "Do 
you think the fun was worth the price?" he was asked. 
"Young man," he replied, "I would have paid just three 
times as much for the honor of being Mayor of a city like 
Detroit. It has been a great experience. These have been 
the two happiest years of my life." 

New Municipal Government Bill in Indiana 

Indianapolis, Ind. — State Representative Adolph Roggan, 
of Allen County, has prepared a bill which he will introduce 
into the General Assembly, giving Indiana cities of the first, 
second and third classes the right to change their form of 
city government by abolishing old and creating new offices 
and prescribing the method of procedure. According to the 
draft of the bill a petition signed by 25 per cent of the 
total vote cast at the last city election asking a change in 
city government and setting forth the proposed change, 
shall be filed with the Mayor or City Clerk. An election 
must then be called to be held the first Tuesday after the 
first Monday in the month of November following. The 
Roggan bill offers an avenue for the substitution of the 
commission form of government for the present form in any 
Indiana cities voting the change, although the commission 
form of government is not mentioned in the proposed bill. 

Busy Year for Public Service Commission 

New York, N. Y. — At the close of business for 1910 the 
Public Service Commission, Second District, had presented 
to it for action 2071 different matters. These included 1438 
complaints which were handled informally by the Commis- 
sion and settled without the necessity of formal orders, 371 
formal complaints and 262 applications from various corpo- 
rations for authorization by the commission. During the 
year the Commission disposed of and closed 1670 of the 
matters presented. In addition to daily sessions and con- 
sideration of disposition of cases, the Commission held 554 
hearings covering a period of 196 days. During the year 
the Commission authorized capitalization to the amount of 
$151,048,108. In 1909 there was authorized $142,855,035.85; 
in 1908, $92,253,900; for the last six months of 1907, $17.73°, - 
745.90, a total for the 3^2 years of $403,887,789.34. 

Springfield, 111., Votes for Commission 

Springfield, 111. — Springfield, the first city of Illinois to 
hold an election under the commission form of government 
statute, adopted the commission plan by a majority of 790 
The people turned out despite a blizzard and voted for the 
new plan. The vote was 3790 for and 3000 against. 

Spokane Adopts Commission Form 

Spokane, Wash. — By a majority of 2237 out of a total of 
10,463 votes, the commission plan charter, drawn by a com- 
mittee of fifteen freeholders was accepted at the election of 
Dec. 28. The following will be the immediate effects of the 
new charter: 

Any official filling an elective city office may be recalled. Any 
new ordinance may be introduced by initiative petition and elec- 
tion. Referendum may be applied to any ordinance except emerg- 
ency ordinances, ordinances ordering local improvements and 
those ordering the annual tax levy and appropriations. Any pro- 
vision of the new charter may be amended by petition and elec- 
tion. Succeeding elections of city officials will be under the new 
commission system, the next general election to be on March 7. 

The other powers of the charter — those which directly 
affect the administration by the commission — will go into 
effect when the first commission has been elected and has 



Vol. XXX, No. 

Waldo Urges Bureau for Prevention of Fire 

New York, N. Y. — Fire Commissioner Rhinelander Waldo 

recently testified as follows before a legislative committee 

on the subject of fire prevention: 

The question of the Fire Department divides Itself Into two 
branches, the extinguishing of a fire and the prevention of a Are. 
in my opinion, the prevention of Are ts the Bubjecl In which great- 
est development for the future lies. The extinguishment of fire is 
now being handled extreme!} effloientlj by the New York Fire De- 
partment. The fire prevention is. however, as I said before, a 
subject which I believe is mosl susceptible i<> improvement. To- 
day we have many devices of fire prevention. We have the auto- 
mate sprinkler system. We have the perforated pipe systems; we 
have the Btandpipes and the introduction of Are extinguishers and 
automatic lire alarm telegraphs giving notice of a fire at its start. 
1 think the Fire Department should have some legislation which 
would make this bureau of fire prevention a separate one from the 
bureau of lire extinction, and it should have authority to compel 
the introduction of these devices in premises where the business 
carried on is of a hazardous character, such as in workshops and 
storehouses and department stores. I think If the legislature 
would pass some act which would give the Department authority 
to do that it would greatly limit the loss. Also another subject 
which 1 think you ought to take up is the one preventing the fire 
Insurance companies from overinsuring. A man can to-day get 
out an insurance without having his property adequately inven- 
toried and thereby give him an incentive to incendiarism. I think 
it ought to be made a penal offense to insure any property unless 
a careful inventory has been taken by the insurance company. 
There is no question but what a large percentage of all fires here 
is of an incendiary nature and are incurred by the laxity of the 
insurance companies in inventorying. 

Police Will Be Provided with Rifles. 
Pittsburg, Pa. — Chagrined by the escape of a score of 
burglars during the last month for lack of long-range 
weapons. William Bennett, Chief of Police of Braddock, a 
suburb, has ordered ten regulation Springfield rifles. Coun- 
cilmen argued it might not be legal for policemen to carry 
such firearms, whereupon Chief Bennett, a Civil War vet- 
eran, wrote Secretary Knox at Washington for an opinion. 
The answer was satisfactory and the Council approved the 



Metal Garbage Cans and Trolley Loading Stations Recom- 

Baltimore, Md. — Declaring that rats are overrunning 
many sections of the city, Col. Joseph L. Wickes, Commis- 
sioner of Street Cleaning, in his annual report to the Mayor 
will make another earnest plea for the passage of the ordi- 
nance requiring all householders to use covered metal re- 
ceptacles for their garbage. According to Colonel Wickes, 
the rodents are becoming more and more numerous in Bal- 
timore and bolder in their devastations. He attributes their 
growth and activities to the contributory negligence of 
householders who expose their garbage, and thus provide 
food for rats. Colonel Wickes will also recommend again 
the reorganization of the system of collecting and disposing 
of non-perishable waste, such as ashes and rubbish. He 
will recommend the establishment of the system used in 
Brooklyn, where central collection points are provided from 
which the waste is carried out of the city on trolley cars. 
Preventive Measures to Aid in Street Cleaning 

Cincinnati, O. — An active campaign toward keeping the 
streets clean was launched at a conference between Mayor 
Schwab and Street Cleaning Superintendent Maag. The 
attention of the officials was called by the Woman's Club, 
which made many valuable suggestions as to how the mat- 
ter could be remedied, and to the practice of littering streets 
by sweeping dirt out of stores onto the sidewalks. 
Will Continue to Measure Snow Wagons 

New York, N. Y. — Commissioner of Weights and Meas- 
ures Walsh and Leo Arnstein, secretary of the Borough of 
Manhattan, have devised a plan for continuing the measur- 
ing and sealing by the Bureau of all wagons used in snow 
removal. During the recent storm Mr. Walsh found that 
the extent of the work was such that it taxed the capacity 
of the Bureau and kept his inspectors from attending to 
their regular duties. The failure of the inspectors to pre- 
vent delay in handling the wagons was also assigned by 
Street Cleaning Commissioner Edwards and others for the 
almost unprecedented delay in getting the streets of the city 
cleaned up. Mr. Walsh and Mr. Arnstein liave decided to 
draft a large number of men from other Departments and 
Bureaus, principally from the offices of the Commissioner 
of Accounts and Borough President McAneny, to do this 

Impossible to Supply Seats Even in Non-Rush Hours 

New York, N. Y. — With the statement that it is impos- 
sible to provide seals fur all passengers in the subways in 
tlie non-rush hours, Theodore 1'. Shonts, president of the 
Interborough Company, lias given notice to the Public 
Service Commission that its orders could not be observed. 
Mr. Shonts asked for a new hearing on the order increasing 
service, but at the same time states that the company has 
no intention of carrying out the improvements suggested. 
Mr. Shonts suggests that if the Commission persists in 
demanding better service in the non-rush hours the question 
of the legality of such orders will be taken to the courts. 
The Commission granted the request for a new hearing 
and set the date for January 12, before John E. Eustis. 
"The terms of the Commission's orders are not accepted 
by this company," Mr. Shonts wrote. "The terms are im- 
possible of performance. The order makes no provision 
for temporary prevention from complying with its terms 
by accident or other controlling emergency. The terms are 
unjust and unreasonable. The order deprives this company 
of the right of ownership and management and protection 
of its property and the property of others committed to its 

May Abolish Three-Cent Fare 

Cleveland, O. — Wall Street threatens to put an end to 
Cleveland's enjoyment of a three-cent street car fare. This 
rate has been in effect for over a year. The service has 
been good, but Wall Street has been asked to furnish funds 
for certain improvements the Cleveland Railway Company 
desires to make, and the money kings insist that the fare 
be raised before they put up the cash. Cleveland Railway 
Company officials will open negotiations this week with 
Mayor Baehr and other authorities to have the Taylor 
franchise amended to meet suggestions of N. W. Harris & 
Co., of New York, who offer to finance the property under 
certain conditions. The amendments suggested are of such 
a nature as to make certain an increase in the rate of fare. 
"Never mind. There will be no increase in the rate of 
fare," was Mayor Baehr's only comment on the situation. 


Dock Commissioner Plans System of Open Piers 

New York, N. Y. — Dock Commissioner Calvin Tompkins 
is slowly working out a plan for the reorganization of the 
pier system of the city, by which the piers will not all be 
turned over to steamship companies and private corpora- 
tions for their exclusive use at nominal rentals, but many 
of them will be held as "open piers," on which privileges 
will be let to various business concerns. This will relieve 
the lack of pier facilities for the small business man, and 
in the course of time will substantially add to the city 

Close First Year of Separate Park Department 

South Bend, Ind. — Maintaining the park system of South 
Bend during 1910, the first year it became a department 
separate from the Board of Public Works, cost the city 
$22,851.59. Of this amount $5,308.24 was spent for salaries, 
while $8,095.19 was paid out for labor in the parks. The 
park system was separated from the Board of Public Works 
the first of last year when Fred C. Winkler, Simon Greene- 
baum, Richard Elbel and Col. George M. Studebaker were 
named Park Commissioners. With the death of Mr. Wink- 
ler, who was president of the Board, Mr. Elbel became head 
of the department, while Dr. E. J. Lent was appointed to 
fill out the unexpired term of the deceased member. Her- 
man Beyer was retained as superintendent of the park 
system. Other expenditures in the department for the year 
shown in the annual report compiled by Clerk A. P. Per- 
ley, follow: Miscellaneous articles, $1,752.17; tools, $268.91; 
seats and buildings, $902.02; lights, $70.07; plants and 
shrubs, $587.57; rinks, $776.02; roads and paths, $321.16; 
concerts, $1,192.10; fuel, $100.90; repairs, $271.34; plumbing, 
$, and zoo expenses, $785.80. Donations for the pur- 
chase of land during the year amounted to $785.80. 

January ii, 191 1. 



Small Measures Generally Short from Wear 

Massillon, O. — Sealer Martin, in a report, said that during 
the six months he had been in office he had found 216 
scales correct and 83 needing adjustment. He said he 
found 88 correct half-bushel, peck, half-peck and quarter- 
peck measures, but all quart and pint dry measures short. 
He said there was no intention on the part of the dealers 
to defraud their customers, but the weights had become 
short through usage and wear. The testing equipment, he 
said, had cost $198.36: incidentals, $11.50: office supplies, 
$8.50; salary, $150. 

Co-operative Town to Be Established 

Muskogee, Okla. — To establish a town on a co-operative 
basis, with all of the conveniences for a city and in close 
proximity to Muskogee, is the hope and ambition of a 
number of working men in this city, and the plan has 
crystallized to such an extent that articles of incorporation 
will soon be filed. The scheme is to secure sufficient land 
to enable 100 men to own conveniently sized lots on which 
to build a home. The homes will radiate from a business 
section laid off with a view to having enterprises which 
would supply the entire town. A co-operative store, a 
farmers' union warehouse, a gin, cannery and creamery are 
also provided for, as well as sites for a central temple or 
convention hall, a theatre, school house, park and green 
house and nursery. Altruria will probably be the name of 
the town. 

Cannot Prosecute Dealer for Sale of Short Measure Goods 

Grand Rapids, Mich. — That the public of this city are 
being systematically defrauded in the sale of matches and 
clothes lines through no fault of the retail dealers was dis- 
covered to-day by City Sealer Byrne, who, after a consulta- 
tion with Assistant City Attorney Ferguson, was forced to 
acknowledge that the retailer was not responsible under 
the law for the practice and cannot be prosecuted. City 
Sealer Byrne's attention was attracted to the practice by a 
:omplaint which reached him last week. A woman in the 
south end of the city had two clothes line poles set in her 
yard a hundred feet apart and went to her retailer to pro- 
cure a line. The retailer sold her two packages of line 
which was represented by the label to contain 50 feet of 
ine per package. She purchased two and went home to 
ind that the two packages lacked 16 feet of reaching from 
sole to pole. She reported the matter to City Sealer Byrne 
ind he started an investigation which resulted in his find- 
ng that every package of this brand of clothes line meas- 
jred only from 42 to 43 feet in length. He ordered the 
"etailer to stop the sale, but the merchant pleaded inno- 
:ent with manifest justice and Assistant City Attorney 
Ferguson upheld him in his innocence. Then a complaint 
about matches was received and the City Sealer bought 
several packages of matches and in one on which the label 
•epresented the box to contain 500 matches he found only 
250 matches and this count was substantially borne out by 
i count of several boxes. Assistant City Attorney Ferguson 
>ays the retailer, while he can be prohibited from selling 
:hese short measure goods cannot be prosecuted because he 
s not primarily responsible for the contents of the package 
md buys them in good faith, relying on the representation 
}f the package label, and sells them with the same good 
ntent. The city ordinance or State law cannot reach the 
nanufacturer, and the only hope for the people Mr. Fergu- 
son sees is the enactment of a National Sealer of Weights 
ind Measures to operate under a national law that will 
each every manufacturer, and this coupled with a uniform 
;ystem and State laws applying to weights and measures. 

Accepts $500,000 for Fountain 

Detroit, Mich. — The Detroit City Council has voted to 
iccept the $500,000 set aside by the will of James Scott, 
ong a picturesque figure of this city, to be used in building 
1 memorial fountain and life-sized statue of him in Belle 
sle Park. For more than a month the clergy and various 
itizens and organizations fought against accepting the gift 
>ecause they considered its giver not the proper person to 
>e remembered by any public object, even if he left the 
noney for it. The clause in the will setting aside the half 
nillion dollars for the memorial has been dubbed "Jim 
kott's last joke." 

Topeka Will Operate Amusement Park 
Topeka, Kan. — Topeka will have a new amusement park 
next summer — and it will be under municipal control. The 
Board of City Commissioners have decided to make Garfield 
Park into an "electric white city" and the City Clerk has 
been asked to advertise for bids from different amusement 
firms for the purpose of carrying out the plans. Boating, 
band concerts, figure 8, merry-go-rounds — and concessions 
and attractions of all kinds have been placed on the list of 
required amusements. Everything of an entertaining nature 
which i- included in an up-to-date metropolitan amusement 
park will be sought for Garfield, and the gates must be 
opened for the grand opening early in the summer. It is 
believed by the city officials that a park of this kind would 
lie greatly appreciated as well as patronized by the people 
of the city. It is also figured that the royalties and the 
revenue to be obtained from such a park will be a profit- 
able undertaking to the city. 

Will Muzzle Dogs for Year 

Boone, la. — Mayor Wilder has ordered that all dogs in 
the city be muzzled for a period of one year. This unusual 
order is the result of the death from rabies of a four-year- 
old child and the injury of nearly a dozen citizens by being 
bitten by dogs within a few months. Mayor Wilder is 
considering the advisability of ordering all dogs in the city 

Want Municipal Telephone System 

Thief River Falls, Minn. — The Tristate Telephone Com- 
pany, which holds a franchise for a telephone system in 
this city and which has been running the local exchange 
for two years has been prohibited by the city author- 
ities from setting poles in the alleys of the city. There 
lias been more or less dispute between the company 
and the Council for some time, the city claiming that the 
franchise is not legal and the company claiming it is. 
When the company sought to string wires or set poles they 
met with opposition and it is likely that the trouble will 
have to be settled in the courts. There is a strong senti- 
ment in the city in favor of a municipal ownership of the 
system, as the city owns its own electric plant and makes 
it pay handsome returns annually. The water works are 
also city owned and in the near future the city may install 
a telephone system. This is the chief reason why no fur- 
ther extensions of the present lines will be permitted by 
the authorities. 

Washington Streets Flushed with Hose 
Washington, D. C. — Following the partial melting of 
snow the streets were in unusually bad condition. Seven 
gangs of six men each were put to work flushing the streets. 
Wagons borrowed from the Water Department were used 
to carry the hose from hydrant to hydrant. The work was 
so effective that in two or three days walking and automo- 
biling had resumed their normal state. 

For City Aviation Landings 
Modesto, Cal. — Visions of the days when men shall fly 
as they now ride in street cars are called up by a provision 
in the new charter adopted by the citizens of Modesto. 
Power is given to the city to construct and operate aviation 
landings as a municipal enterprise, and it is said that the 
clause is wide enough to enable the city fathers to conduct 
aerial contests and to build aviation parks. 

Mayor Would Have Municipal Laundry 
Petoskey, Mich. — As a means of increasing the popularity 
of Petoskey and alleviating the troubles of housewives, 
Mayor Reycraft advised the Council to consider the project 
of building a municipal laundry. As a result of the recent 
installation of new machinery in the city light plant, more 
power is generated than is needed, and the Mayor sug- 
gested that it be put to this use. Water could be heated 
by means of electricity, and a great saving of time and 
labor to private citizens would result. 

State to Share in Expense of Grade Crossing Changes 

Trenton, N. J. — The Board of Public Utility Commis- 
sioner-* has recommended in its annual report to the 
Governor that a law be passed under which the State, 
as well as the municipalities and railroads affected, shall 
share the burden of expense of abolishing grade crossings. 

6 4 


Vol. XXX., No 


A Summary and Notes of Recent Decisions — Rulings 
of Interest to Municipalities 

Flooding Land — Measure of Damages 

Ewing et ux. vs. City of Louisville. — Where a municipal 
corporation establishes an original grade on a street it is 
not liable for injuries thereby to adjacent property. Where 
the citj established an alleyway without a culvert or drain, 
which caused surface water to back up on plaintiff's prem- 
ises, it is liable under the direct provisions of the consti- 
tution, which allows compensation for property injured or 
destroyed, as well as that taken, for a public use. When a 
case is reversed, instructions on retrial should conform to 
the view of the law expressed above. Where water is 
turned on plaintiff's premises, the measure of damages if 
the nuisance is permanent is the depreciation in the market 
value of the property and one recovery must suffice; but 
if the injury is temporary, it is the reasonable cost of re- 
pairing and the depreciation of the rental value of the 
property during the time sued for or the damage to its use. 
In an action against a city for constructing an alleyway 
that caused water to back up on plaintiff's land, the city 
cannot show to mitigate damages that the alley renders 
the property more convenient and valuable. — Court of Ap- 
peals of Kentucky, 131 S. W. R., 1016. 

Contractor's Bond — Material Man 

Gate City Lumber Company vs. City of Montesano et 
al. — Laws 1909 provide that any municipal council con- 
tracting for the performance of any public work shall re- 
quire a bond of the contractor for the payment of all ma- 
terial men and just debts incurred by the contractor. Sec- 
tion 2 makes the city itself liable on failure to take such a 
bond. An action was brought against the contractor, its 
receiver and the municipality for which the contract work 
was done to recover the contract price for material fur- 
nished to the contractor. It appeared that a part of the 
material furnished was neither used in the work nor de- 
livered upon the ground to be used therein. Held, that 
neither as a material man nor as one to whom a just debt 
had been incurred in the performance of contract work 
could plaintiff recover of the city for material not used or 
delivered on the ground for use. — Supreme Court of Wash- 
ington, in P. R., 799. 

Street Improvement — Delays — Waiver 

Cushing vs. Bullock et al. — Invalidity of tax bills for a 
street improvement on account of the contractor's failure 
to complete the work within 90 days, as required by his 
contract, was not waived by an owner requesting the con- 
tractor within such period to complete the work according 
to the contract, and agreeing that if the work should be 
completed to the satisfaction of the City Engineer "as 
aforesaid" that the owner would not contest the tax bills, 
though the work was actually completed within a six-months 
extension of time granted by the city. — Kansas City Court 
of Appeals, Missouri, 131 S. W. R., 713. 

Public Improvements — Proceedings — Objections 

Johnson vs. City of Indianapolis et al. — An owner of a 
part of agricultural lands annexed to a city by ordinance, 
adopted as authorized by acts 1905, who feels aggrieved 
by the action may, as authorized by section 243, appeal to 
the Circuit or Superior Court, and where he fails to avail 
himself of such remedies he cannot in proceedings to con- 
struct a sewer so as to create a lien on the land in the 
territory annexed insist that the council did not have suf- 
ficient reason for annexing the territory. 

Under acts 1905 authorizing the Board of Public Works 
to hear persons interested or whose property will be af- 
fected by a proposed improvement on the question of 
special benefits, etc., the board may exercise its own honest 
judgment, and it need not decide the question of benefits 
on the weight of the evidence formally presented at the 
preliminary hearing. — Supreme Court of Indiana, 93 N. E. 
R., 17. 

Change of Grade — Paving 

Lawrence vs. City of Corning. — Corning City Charter 
provides that the grade of a street shall not be changed, 
except on petition of resident owners of more than one- 
half the lineal feet adjacent, nor unless compensation to 
persons damaged be made on agreement or by award of 
Commissioners. Section 113 provides for "paving or mac- 
adamizing" streets on petition of adjacent owners. On a 
petition for "paving" and "grading" of a street, no pro- 
ceedings were taken under Section 112 to ascertain the 
compensation; but a radical change was made in paving 
the street, raising the roadbed several feet. Held, that 
this could not be regarded merely as grading incidental to 
paving, and the city was liable as for a change of grade. 
Under Corning City Charter, providing that, when the 
grade of a street "has been established" by the Common 
Council and the street graded accordingly, no change shall 
be made without compensating persons damaged, it is not 
necessary that the establishment of the grade must have 
been made by some formal action of the Common Coun- 
cil. — Supreme Court of New York, 125 N. Y. S., 682. 

Municipal Elections — Disfranchisement of Negroes 

Anderson vs. Myers et al., Howard vs. Same, Brown vs. 
Same. — Acts of Maryland, 1908, prescribing the qualifica- 
tions of voters at municipal elections in the city of An- 
napolis, declares that the register shall register all male 
citizens of 21 years or over having resided in the city for 
one year, not convicted of a crime and assessed on the city 
tax books for at least $500, also all duly naturalized citi- 
zens of 21 years of age, all citizens who, prior to January 
1, 1868, were entitled to vote in Maryland or any other 
State at a State election, and all lawful male descendants 
of any person who, prior to January 1, 1868, was entitled 
to vote in Maryland or in any other State of the United 
States at a State election, provided that no person not 
coming within one of the enumerated classes should be 
registered as a legal voter' in the city or be qualified to 
vote at any municipal election held therein. Held that, 
though such act did not provide a race or color disqualifi- 
cation in terms, it nevertheless effectually disfranchised 
and discriminated against negroes, and was therefore un- 
constitutional as violating Const. U. S. Amend. 15. — United 
States Circuit Court, 182 F. R., 233. 

Contractor's Bond — Materials 

E. I. DuPont De. Nemours Powder Company vs. Culgin- 
Pace Contracting Company et al. — Statutes 1904, entitling 
labor and material claimants to the benefit of a munici- 
pal contractor's bond, treats the bond as security for the 
payment of the contractor's debts, where mechanics' liens 
would attach if the owner were a private person, and gives 
a claimant an enforceable interest as if the bond were a 
fund for his benefit; and, if the penal sum is insufficient to 
pay all sums, they share in proportion to the amount due 
to each. One furnishing material to a municipal water 
works contractor has no right of action against the city 
on account of his claim. A municipal water works con- 
tractor's bond to secure payment for "material" under 
Statutes 1904 covers dynamite used in the work and fuses 
used to explode it. — Supreme Judicial Court of Massa- 
chusetts, 92 N. E. R., 1023. 

Defective Sidewalk — Motive — Sufficiency 

Gregorius vs. City of Corning. — Notice to a Sidewalk In- 
spector and to one member of the Board of Public Works 
of a defective sidewalk was not notice to the Mayor within 
Laws 1905, exempting a city from liability for injury 
caused by defective ways, unless notice of the unsafe con- 
dition has been given to the Mayor or the City Clerk a 
reasonable time previously. — Supreme Court of New York, 
125 N. Y. S., 534- 

Defective Streets— Loose Grating 
Clark vs. City of Lancaster. — In an action by plaintiff to 
recover for injuries received from stepping on a loose grate 
over a gutter in a street, where two witnesses apparently 
contradict each other as to whether the grate was visibly 
loose and out of place, and it is not clear whether plaintiff 
could have seen it, a nonsuit was improperly entered. — 
Supreme Court of Pennsylvania, 78 A. R., 87. 

Jam ary II, 1911. 




Eureka Tape Splice 

The Eureka tape splice is a metallic 
sleeve for repairing tapes, which is sold 
by the Engineering Agency, Inc., Mo- 
nadnock Block, Chicago, 111. It consists 
of thin sheet metal folded in the shape 
of a sleeve and coated with a combi- 
nation of solder and flux so sensitive 
it will make a perfect adhesion with 
the tape by the heat of one common 

The use of rivets and soldering irons 
is avoided and there are no ugly knots 
on the tape. The repair can be made 
in the field in one minute and look as 
neat as if done by a jeweler and as 
strong as a blacksmith could do it. One 
dozen of these sleeves weigh less than 
half an ounce and occupy too little 
space to be noticed. They are furn- 
ished in a small round wooden box with 
screw cover. They are made in sizes 
to fit any tape, and are specially adapt- 
ed for light pocket tapes, as it does not 
interfere in coiling in the case. 

The directions for using are as fol- 

Clean the broken ends of the tape 
with a knife or sand paper: insert the 
broken ends in the sleeve; hammer the 
sleeve slightly so it closes well down 
oh the tape; hold a lighted match under 
the sleeve while it burns itself out. 
Let it cool and do not move it while it 
is cooling. 

Rectifiers Charging Batteries of Fire 
Alarm System 

The mercury arc rectifier shown in 
the illustration has been installed for 
charging the storage batteries which 
operate the fire alarm system of the 
city of Sandusky. Ohio. The battery 
consists of four sets of 15 cells each, 
chloride accumulator, type CT, and 
with the present system 50 fire alarm 
boxes can be pulled at once. 

Previous to the installation of the 
rectifier a gravity battery consisting of 
108 cells operated the fire alarm system. 
The new installation is said to effect a 
saving of $300 per year as the expense 
of cell renewals, which, when gravity 
batteries were used, was a large item 
of expense. The first cost of the new 
equipment, including rectifier, battery 
and distributing board installed com- 
plete was $589, while the cost of power 
for its operation is about $1.40 per 

month at a 10-cent per kilowatt-hour 

This equipment is operating very sat- 
isfactorily and during the six months 
that it has been in operation absolutely 
no trouble of any kind has been ex- 
perienced with it. 

The rectifier panel was furnished by 
the General Electric Company, Sche- 
nectady, X. V. 

headquarters of the Beaver Falls Fire 
Department has been paved with this 
material, and it is reported to be giv- 
ing good satisfaction: in fact, it is said 
to be a great improvement on the 
wooden blocks, cement and artificial 
stone floors at present in use. The 
danger of slipping, about which com- 
plaint is made in regard to hardwood 
floors, is avoided, as the cork bricks 
give a foothold approaching that of 
rubber. The cork bricks, in the in- 
stance cited, were laid on top of a 
hardwood floor, but they can just as 
well be laid over other material. This 


Gang Road Rooter 

The Petrolithic gang road rooter is 
a plow first developed for their own 
special work by the Petrolithic Pave- 
ment Co., 336 Pacific Electric Building, 
Los Angeles, Cal., but adapted also for 
other road uses, such as scarifying mac- 
adam or other roads. The plows can 
be raised and lowered quickly and 
easily by hand wheels, worm and sec- 
tor. The rooter is of steel construction 
wherever possible and weighs 3100 
pounds. It is claimed to break any- 
thing plowable 16 inches deep or as 
much less as is desired, 5 feet wide, and 
to stand up under the hardest work 
behind traction engine or heavy roller. 
An ordinary roller pulls it 8 or 9 inches 
deep in hard material. The front truck 
cuts under so that it turns in a narrow 

Cork Flooring for Engine Houses 
A flooring material composed of 
chips of cork bound together into a 
brick by means of an asphalt binding 
material is made by the Armstrong 
Cork Company, Beaver Falls, Pa. The 

new composite flooring proves easy on 
the horses' feet, whether in starting 
out with the apparatus or standing in 
their stalls. The floor is water-tight, 
because the asphalt makes the blocks 
imprevious and the joints between them 
are rendered tight with asphalt. The 
noiseless nature of the material is a 
notable feature. In the stalls the blocks 
were laid on a concrete foundation with 
a sand cushion. The stall floor is said 
to be absolutely odorless after washing 
once a day. The horses used by this 
department weigh 1500 pounds each, 
and the wagon weighs 6200 pounds, so 
the floor which has been in constant use 
for six months and shows no signs of 
wear has been subjected to at least 
ordinary use. 

Sanitary Stall for Fire Engine Houses 
A sanitary stall which is adapted for 
use in fire engine houses, police patrol 
stations, as well as for general pur- 
poses, is made under patents by W. W. 




Vol. XXX, No. 2. 

Schouler, 45 Clinton street, Newark, 
\\ J. The stall has been used by fire 
and other city departments in the 
house of the inventor and neighboring 
cities, and is approved by them as com 

bining sanitary qualities with conditions 
promoting the comfort of the horses. 
The stall consists substantially of a 
flooring of wooden slats permitting 
drainage, on which the horse stands 
and a foundation of cement. The ac- 
companying illustration represents the 
new and improved slat floor for horses, 
the slats being adjustable, may be taken 
up -and replaced with very little labor. 
Having an open space between each 
slat, unobstructed by bolts, etc., they 
may be readily cleaned by a hook, leav- 
ing the passage free for the water to 
run to the gutter. This system of stall 
floors is designed especially where con- 
crete foundations or artificial stone is 
used, and the manner in which they 
arc applied leaves only the artificial 
stone and iron in the stall when the 
slats are removed. The portion occu- 
pied by the slats, is 7x3 feet, with the 
artificial stone brought up on a level 
with the top of the slats in front and 
on each side, where a horse seldom, if 
ever, puts his feet. 



New Monahan Trench Machine 

The new Monahan trench machine, 
which is being placed on the market by 
the Marsh Company, Old Colony Build- 
ing, Chicago, is claimed to be suitable 
for all trenching purposes and its parts 
are designed of special strength in 
order to avoid the breakages which so 
often interrupt the operations of ditch- 
digging excavators. The excavator is 
of the chain, belt and bucket type, and 
delivers the excavated material onto a 
conveyor which throws it up on the 
side of the ditch. The links of the 
chain of the excavator are of special 
Gropenhaus steel, the cutters are man- 
ganese steel and the cutter holders are 
crucible steel. These cutters are so 
arranged that they can be taken off 
and sharpened by the removal of a 
cotter pin. All gears and pinions are 
of steel. The buckets are all one piece 
I x 6-inch bar steel. The buckets are 
loose and fly away from the chain at 
both ends of the boom and have a posi- 
tive cleaner. There are no backs on 
the buckets and they deliver the dirt 
to the conveyor close to the ground. 

The conveyor is made in three parts 
and the delivery can be changed to 
either side of the machine at the will 
of the operator. A backfiller can be 
attached to the machine so that the dirt 
can be delivered back to the truck or 
loaded in a wagon on either side. 

flu wheels are on the inside of the 
frame, the back ones being 30 inches of 

3^-inch plate; the 
i front wheels are 36 
inches in diameter, 
[with 8-inch-tife, of 
^-inch plate. The 
hack axle is 5-inch 
cold roller shafting, 
with bearings on 
both sides of the 
wheel hubs. The 
traction drive is a 
solid internal gear 
ring riveted to the 
tires of both wheels 
and driven by a dif- 
ferential shaft. The 
feed ratchet is on 
this shaft. The op- 
erator can change 
from no feed to full 
feed without stop- 
ping the machine. 

The buckets are provided with a safety 

device which prevents breakage of the 

machine, wdiich, in case a pipe, boulder 

of too large a size 

to pull out or other 

obstruction is met 

with, shears off a 

pin and can be re- 
placed with a new 

one in a few min- 
utes with a very 

slight expenditure. 
The machine il- 
lustrated is cutting 

a ditch 92 inches 

wide and 14 feet 

deep, cutting 

through 18 inches 

of rip rap and 

macadam. 4 feet of 

lake sand, 4 feet 

quick sand, and 

the remainder clay 

and very wet. The 

same machine will 

cut as high as 120 

i;iches wide and up 

to 20 feet deep 

with some slight 

changes. The top 

stringers, shown in 

the cut, are pulled 

behind the machine 

by the machine it- 
self and permit 

sheeting past the 

boom. This machine is driven by a 
four-cylinder, four-cycle. 100-horsepow- 
er gasoline engine. 

Large Pulley Block 
A pair of the largest pulley blocks 
ever constructed in this country was 
recently made by the W. W. Pat- 
erson Co., Pittsburg, Pa., for the Sea- 
board Construction Company, Philadel- 
phia. The safe working load of the 
two blocks is 125 tons. They are to be 
used for the upper lift of a large der- 
rick car designed to handle 50-ton 
loads. All of the plates in the blocks 
are of 54-inch steel. The side straps 
are 8 inches by 54 inch. The head pin 
is 4 l / 2 inches in diameter and the sheave 
pin 3 inches. The bottom bolt, to 
which the triple block is attached, is 
2 l / 2 inches in diameter. The sheaves 
are grooved for J^-inch cable. Each 
block weighs 1804 pounds. There are no 
shackles for the blocks as they are at- 
tached directly to the derrick by 4%- 
inch pins. 

* • 



— — ««. I. 

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Minnesota Roadmakers' Association, 
—The third annual meeting was held in 
:he Senate Chamber of the old Capitol, 
5t. Paul, December 20. The following 
evolutions embody the practical results 
)f the meeting: 

We strongly recommend the expend- 
ture of State funds be made under the 
supervision of the State Highway Com- 
nission by duly appointed assistants 
mder its control, and that all such su- 
)ervision and all necessary engineering 
n the matter of State roads and bridges 
je done at the expense of the State. 

We recommend that the Legislature 
jass an act to put into effect the one- 
marter mill tax levy for public reads, 
is provided for in the constitution, and 
hat a new amendment be submitted to 
he people providing for a tax of one 
nill for that purpose. 

Realizing that the future of the road 
system of this State depends upon a 
nore solid and permanent construction 
han has heretofore obtained, we rec- 
nnmend that the Legislature provide 
or the establishment of stone crushing 
)lants at favorable locations in the 
^tate at the discretion of the State 
iighway Commission. 

That an appropriation of $150,000 a 
■ear be made to enable the State High- 
vay Commission to carry out the rec- 
immendations contained in the fore- 
going resolutions and especially to pro- 
ide for a corps of practical roadmakers 
o co-operate with the local authorities 
n securing a better system of highways 
hroughout the State. 

That the association realizes the 
alue of material co-operation in the 
onstruction of the highway system of 
he country and recommends that our 
epresentatives in Congress be urged to 
upport any measure looking to the 
ontinuance of a liberal policy toward 
he Department of Public Roads. 

These resolutions were prepared by a 
ommittee consisting of R. C. Dunn, of 
'rinceton; N. Y. Taylor, of Litchfield; 
V. R. Hoag, of Minneapolis; Gebhard 
Cimpel, of Norwood, and Louis E. 
Suidinger, of Winona. 

The following officers were elected: 
ames T. Elwell. Minneapolis, Presi- 
lent; George H. Hazzard, St. Paul, 
/ice-President: John H. Mullen, St. 
5 aul, Secretary. 

Indiana Good Roads Association. — 

?he following officers have been elect- 
d: President, Clarence A. Kenyon, In- 
ianapolis; Vice-Presidents, Carl G. 
r isher, Indianapolis; John E. Lamb. 
rerre Haute; Stephen Stratton, Rich- 
nond; L. Ert Slack, Franklin; Marcus 
julzer, Madison, and A. M. Beardsley, 
Elkhart; Secretary-Treasurer, W. J. 
)obyns, Indianapolis. The Legislative 
Committee includes L. Ert Slack, 
7 ranklin; W. D. Brandt, Brookville: 
V. L. Slinkard. Bloomfield: John O. 
■"otter, Muncie: Morton 11. Downey, 
Andersen: W. K. Hatt. Lafayette; 
lorace Stillwell. Anderson, and C. E. 
D ittenger, Muncie. 

Chamber of Commerce of Harrisburg, 
■•a. — A report has been made to the 
Joard of Trade suggesting the forma- 
ion of a Chamber of Commerce, con- 
isting of the present Board of Trade, 
he Civic Club, Municipal League, Mer- 
hants' Association and the various or- 
;anizations. The new organization will 
>e divided into the following bureaus: 
iureau of Merchants, Civic Affairs, M11- 
licipal Affairs, Industries, Labor, and 
•".ducation and Profe--ions. 

Kentucky Good Roads Association. — 
At the Congress, Louisville, Ivy., De- 
cember 28-30, Senator George Thomas 
Wyatt, Logan County, was elected 
chairman and J. V. Beckman secretary. 
Harry A. Sommers, Elizabethtown, pre- 
sided before a chairman was elected. 
Ered \V. Keisker, Louisville, delivered 
the address of welcome. Two hundred 
delegates were present at the opening 
session. M. C. Rankin spoke in behalf 
of the delegates in response to the ad- 
dress of welcome. The all important 
matter considered by the meeting was 
the synopsis of a good roads bill which 
will be presented to the next Legisla- 
ture. This bill will provide, among 
other things, for a tax levy of 10 cents 
on the $100 of assessable property for 
the purpose of aiding the counties in 
the building of good roads. This tax 
is expected to net the State about $500,- 
000. Each county will then bond itself 
for a certain amount to carry on the 
work, the aggregate being more than 
a million dollars a year available for 
the construction of roads. The follow- 
ing are the members of the associa- 
tion who will draw up the bill: Sen- 
ator Joseph F.-Bosworth, Middlesboro; 
II. A. Sommers, Elizabethtown; George 
L. Pickett, Shelbyville; W. E. Rowe, 
Lexington, and Senator G. T. Wyatt, 
of Logan County. One of the pro- 
visions of the bill much discussed was 
the clause stating the proportions of 
expense to be borne by the counties 
and by the State. It was finally de- 
cided that each should pay half. The 
manner of selecting the highway com- 
mission was discussed and the matter 
was finally left to the discretion of the 
committee. The following is the text 
of the clause regarding the raising of 
funds of the counties: "No county 
shall receive the benefit of State aid in 
the building of metal, concrete or gravel 
roads unless said county has first levied 
and provided for a county tax for the 
maintenance of roads in the county, 
and that each fiscal court in the State 
of Kentucky shall have the right to 
make a levy of not less than 10 cents 
nor more than 40 cents on the $100 for 
tli'' maintenance of the roads in the 
several counties." The impression 
seemed to prevail that the Legislature 
would act favorably upon the sugges- 
tions made. 

Minnesota Surveyors and Engineers' 
Association. — According to a resolution 
passed at the recent convention a new 
law will be submitted to the Legis- 
lature making the office of County 
Surveyor a more important one. The 
idea is to make the office of County 
Surveyor more an office of record, 
where a great deal of information now 
sought in the office of the Register of 
Deed- will be readily accessible to the 
public. The task of framing such a law 
is in the hands of its Legislative Com- 
mittee, Nathan Butler, of Minneapolis; 
X. V. Taylor, of Litchfield; J. E. Hill, 
of Anoka, and C. W. Gove, of Windom. 
Prof. W. R. Hoag, Minneapolis, Presi- 
dent: W. C. Fraser, Rochester, Vice- 
President, and Charles A. Forbes, St. 
Paul, Secretary and Treasurer, were re- 
elected. It was decided to hold the 
next annual meeting at Duluth about 
the middle of January, 1912. The Min- 
nesota Roadmakers' Association will be 
asked to hold its annual meeting in that 
city at the same time. The members oi 
the St. Paul and Minneapolis Civil En- 
gineers' societies will be invited to at- 
tend. It is planned to have these four 
organizations take a joint excursion 
through the Iron Range district and 
view the mining region. 

American Society of Agricultural 
Engineers. — At the convention, Perdue 
University, Lafayette, Ind., December 
28, the objects and need of the so- 
ciety were stated in an address by Dr. 
Samuel Fortier, chief of the United 
States Irrigation Investigation Bureau. 
Dr. Fortier asserted that every land 
grant college should establish a course 
in agricultural engineering without de- 
lay, as the need of agricultural engi- 
neers was great, with practically none 
available. He said a course in agri- 
cultural engineering should include 
farm water supply and sanitation, rural 
architecture, drainage, irrigation, farm 
machinery and motors and public roads. 
Farm water supply and sanitation were 
much neglected, most of the water be- 
ing bad and the sanitation worse, while 
rural homes, as a rule, were poorly de- 
signed and constructed and were un- 
comfortable and unhealthful, he said. 
He told of the many millions of acres 
of unreclaimed swamp lands, and said 
the drainage and irrigation questions 
were of vital importance to America. 

The following officers were elected: 
C. A. Ocock, Madison, Wis., president; 
W. F. McGregor, Racine, Wis., first 
vice-president; J. B. Bartholomew, 
Peoria, 111., second vice-president; J. B. 
Davidson, Ames, la., secretary; E. A. 
White, L'rbana, 111., treasurer; council- 
man, Howard W. Riley, Ithaca, X. Y. 
Nominating committee for 19 1 1 — M. L 
King, Ames, la.; H. J. Podlesak, Mo- 
line, 111.; John Evans, Guelph, Ontario. 
Research committee, chairman, C. I. 
Gunness, of Fargo, X. D. 

Indiana State Association of Council- 
men. — Plans were laid January 2 at the 
meeting of the association at the Deni- 
son Hotel for the preparation and in- 
troduction of a bill in the Legislature 
for amendments to the cities and towns 
law which would give the City Council 
more power in the matter of initiating 
public improvement resolutions and the 
Mayor less power in cities of the third, 
fourth and fifth classes, and which would 
also increase the powers of the Coun- 
cil in cities of the first and second 
classes. A temporary organization of 
the association was made some time 
ago by members of the Council in sev- 
eral cities in the northern part of the 
State, but the permanent organization 
was not effected until this meeting, 
when Henry Whitaker, member of the 
Hammond Council, was elected presi- 
dent; Carl Markmuller, also a member 
of the Hammond Council, was elected 
secretary, and G. W. Greenleaf, of 
Terre Haute, treasurer. Members of 
the councils of the following cities were 
present: South Bend, Terre Haute, Ft. 
Wayne, Evansville, Michigan City. 
Gary, Hammond, Lafayette, Peru, Lo- 
gansport and New Albany. The fol- 
lowing committee was appointed to 
prepare the bill: Dr. W. H. Johnson, 
Indianapolis: G. W. Greenleaf, Terre 
Haute; C. A. Hanley, Michigan City, 
and Marcus Castlcman. Gary. 

Norfolk Good Roads Association. — 
\ good roads meeting will be held at 
Williamsburg, Va., for the furtherance 
of the movement for a straight and 
improved highway from Xewport Xews 
to Richmond. The meeting will be 
under the auspices of the Norfolk Good 
Road- Association, the Richmond Au- 
tomobile Association and the Chamber 
of Commerce of Richmond, Xewport 
Xews and Norfolk. The meeting will 
also be a general peninsula highway 
convention. A movement for a high- 
way between Richmond and Washing- 
ton via Frederick-burg will be discussed. 


Vol. XXX., No 

Thurston County (Wash.) Good 
Roads Association. — A big meeting will 
be held al Olympia, January [8, For the 

purpose of endorsing the g I road 

bill that is being prepared bj Judge J. 
'J'. Ronald, Seattle, in behalf of the Pa 
cilic highway project through the State 
ol Washington. The interesl of Bril 
ish Columbia authorities in the project 
is shown by the fact that among the 
speakers will he Hon. Thomas Taylor, 
Minister of Public Works of British 
Columbia; A. E. Todd, Vice-President 
Victoria Board of Trade. Victoria, B. C., 
and E. S. Rowe, Vancouver. 

Calendar of Meetings 

January 10-14. 

Organization of City Officials for Stand- 
ardizing Paving Specifications.— Second 
Meeting, Engineering Societies Building, 
29 W. 39th street, New York, N. Y.— 
John B. Hittell, Secretary-Treasurer, 
Chief Engineer of Streets, Chicago, 111., 
Hotel Hector, New York, N. Y. 
January 11-13. 

Michigan Engineering Society. — Annual 
Meeting, Lansing, Mich. Alva L. Homer. 
Secretary, Grand Rapids, Mich. 
January 12-13. 

New York Tax Reform Association. — 
State Conference on Taxation. — A. C. 
Pleydell, Secretary, New York, N. Y. 
January 12-14. 

Montana Society of Engineers. — An- 
nual Meeting, Helena, Mont. — Clinton H. 
Moore, Secretary, Leysen Block, Butte, 
January 12-14. 

National Civic Federation.— Annual 
Convention, New York, N. Y.— D. L. Case, 
Secretary, 1 Madison avenue, New York, 
N. Y. 
January 12-14. 

Indiana Engineering Society.— Annua) 
Meeting, Hotel Denison, Indianapolis.— 
Charles Brossman, Secretary, Union 
Trust Building, Indianapolis, Ind. 
January 16-20. 

Canadian Cement and Concrete Asso- 
ciation. — Annual Convention and Exhibi- 
tion, Toronto, Ont. — R. E. W. Hagarty, 
Secretary, 662 Euclid avenue. Toronto, 
January 17. 

Engineers' Society of Western Pennsyl- 
vania. — Annual Meeting, Pittsburg, Pa. — 
Elmer K. Hiles, Secretary, 803 Fulton 
Building, Pittsburg, Pa. 
January 17-19. 

American Institute of Architects. — An- 
nual Convention, San Francisco, Cal.— 
Glenn Brown, Secretary, Octagon, Wash- 
ington, D. C. 
January 18. 

Municipal League of North Carolina.— 
Annual Meeting, Raleigh. — Mayor J. S. 
Wynne, Raleigh. 
January 18-19. 

American Society of Civil Engineers.— 
Annual Meeting. New York. — C. W. Hunt, 
Secretary, 220 W. 57th street, New York. 
January 20. 

Illuminating Engineering Society. — An- 
nual Meeting, New York, N. Y. — P. S. 
Millar, Secretary, 29 W. 39th street, New 
York, N. Y. 
January 24-26. 

American Society of Heating and Ven- 
tilating Engineers. — Annual Meeting, New 
York, N. Y. — W. M. Mackay, Secretary. 
P. O. Box 1818, New York, N. Y. 
January 24-26. 

Ohio Engineering Society. — Annual 
Meeting, Columbus, O. — C. J. Knisely, 
Secretary, New Philadelphia, O. 
January 25-27. 

Illinois Society of Engineers and Sur- 
veyors. — Annual Meeting, East St. Louis, 
III. E. E. R. Tratman, Secretary, 1636 
Monadnock Block, Chicago, 111. 
February 1-3. 

Nebraska Cement Association. — West- 
ern Cement Exposition, Omaha, Neb. — 
Peter Palmer, Secretary, Oakland, Neb. 
February 6-11. 

National Brick Manufacturers Associa- 
tion. — Annual Convention, Louisville, Ky. 
T. A. Randall, Secretary, Indianapolis. 
May 29. 

American Water Works Association. — 
Annual Convention, Rochester, N. Y. — 
J. M. Diven, 14 George street, Charleston. 
S. C. 

City Commission Congress. — Meeting, 
Galveston, Tex. — Mayor Lewis Fisher, 
Chairman of Committee, Galveston, Tex. 


Anderson, E. Paul, Lexington, Ky., 
has hcen appointed Consulting Engineer. 

Barrett, J. \V, Athens, Ga., has been 
elected Consilium: Engineer at Gaines- 
ville, Ga. E. B. Epps has been elected 
1 ii Kngineer. 

Bauer, J. L., has been appointed En- 
gineer for Garwood, N. J., Borough. 

Buck & Sheldon, Inc., Consulting .En- 
gineers, Hartford, Conn., have opened a 
branch office in Willimantic, Conn., in 
charge oi li. R. Turner. 

Collin, D. 1\, Kansas City, Mo., until 
recently manager of Bell Telephone Co., 
became business manager of the W. H. 
Palmer Co., engineers, Dwight Building, 
Kansas City, Mo., on Jan. i. 

Crocker, R. Leslie, for fifteen years 
with the Boston Elevated Ry. Co., has 
opened an office in the Park Row Build- 
ing, New York Ciiy, for general practice 
of engineering and surveying. 

Dimmick, J. K., on Jan. i assumed 
presidency and active management of 
the Dimmick Pipe Co., Birmingham, Ala. 
He is senior partner in pig iron and coke 
firm of J. K. Dimmick & Co., Philadel- 

De Clamecy, Philip, New York City, 
has been appointed Chief Engineer with 
the Coffin Valve Co., Boston, Mass. 

Floyd, Richard, was elected Mayor of 
Huntsville, Ohio, in place of Mayor 
Knotts, who resigned. 

Folsom, W. C, Washington, D. C, has 
been appointed Chief Sanitary Inspector 
at Cincinnati, Ohio. 

Hendrick, Calvin W., Chief Engineer 
of the Baltimore Sewerage Commission, 
has, with the consent of the Commission, 
accepted an invit-^ion to report on the 
best source for a new water supply for 
the Maryland Tuberculosis Sanatorium, a 
State institution, in Frederick County. 

Jacobs, Taylor J., has been elected 
Mayor of Rockport, Ind., vice Mayor 
Kercheval, deceased. 

MacCarthy, Timothy J., Holyoke, 
Mass., has been appointed City Engineer, 
succeeding James E. Tighe. 

McCorkle, W. H., has been appointed 
Chairman of the Board of Public Works, 
Lexington, Ky., and Newton L. Stout 
member of the Board of Police and Fire 

Moshek, Edward, Elizabeth, N. J., has 
been appointed Township Engineer, Cran- 
ford, N. J. 

Nugent, James, Newark, N. J., has 
been reappointed City Counsel. 

Ransom, Wm. A. Elizabeth, N. J., has 
been elected President of the Board of 
Water Commissioners, and David Gage 
was chosen as Engineer. 

Richmond, Wm., Lockport, N. Y., has 
been reappointed Water Commissioner ; 
J. F. Frehsee has been reappointed City 
Engineer and Surveyor ; Frank J. Rey- 
nolds and Alexander Clark have been re- 
appointed to the Police Board, and John 
R. Mahaney and James W. Hearn be- % 
come members of the Fire Board. 

Snow, Wm. H., Holyoke, Mass., has 
been appointed Manager of the Gas and 
Electric Department ; Philip M. Judd, 
member Board of Fire Commissioners, 
and Michael F. Walsh member of the 
Board of Public Works. 

Walsh, Thorn; s J., Boston, Mass., has 
opened an office at 141 Milk street, for 
the practice of electrical engineering. Mr. 
Walsh is a graduate of the Sheffield 
Scientific School, a junior member of the 
A. S. M. E. and an Associate Member 
of the A. I. E. E. He has been connected 
with the Stone & Webster Engineering 
Corporation for several years. 


Cast Iron Pipe. — Chicago — Foundries 
expect to book a large tonnage before 
spring, although prices are low and 
unsatisfactory. Quotations: 4-inch, 
$25; 6 to 12-inch, $24; 16-inch and up, 
$23.50. Birmingham — Aggregate stocks 
on hand January 1 were larger than a 
year ago. Still the outlook is con- 
sidered more favorable than a year ago. 
Quotations: 4 to 6-inch, $19 to $19.50; 
8 to 12-inch, $18 to $18.50; over 12- 
inch, average, $.17. New York — Con- 
ditions continue quiet. Quotations: 
6-inch, carload lots, $22. 

Lead — Prices are firm. New York: 
4.50c; St. Louis, 4.35c. 

Cement Magazines. — Cement Age, 
of New York, and Concrete Engineer- 
ing, of Cleveland, O., have been con- 
solidated into one publication under 
the name "Cement Age, with Which 
Is Combined Concrete Engineering." 
Robert W. Lesley will be editor and 
Allen Brett and Edward A. Trego as- 
sociate editors of the new publication. 
The New York office, 30 Church street, 
■will be in charge of Frederick F. Lin- 
coln, president of the Cement Age 

Sale of Water and Traction Com- 
pany. — The franchise and all the prop- 
erties of the Somerset Water, Light & 
Traction Company will be sold at pub-' 
lie outcry by a special master commis- 
sioner of the Pulaski Circuit Court, 
Somerset, Ky., on January 6, for the 
purpose of satisfying the stockholders 
and creditors of the company. The 
company was capitalized at $250,000 
and was organized by Dr. W. Godfrey 
Hunter. About two years ago a num- 
ber of the stockholders joined in a 
suit to have the affairs of the company 
and its entire management and control 
taken out of the hands of Dr. Hunter 
and placed in the hands of a receiver, 
which was done, and it has been in the 
hands of a receiver since that time. 
The organization of the Somerset 
Water, Light & Traction Company 
was the consolidation of the Water 
Company, the Light Company and the 
franchise for a street railway. Soon 
after these companies were taken over 
by Dr. Hunter he constructed the elec- 
tric street car line, which has been in 
operation for two years or more, and 
is now being operated by the receiver. 

Water Company Reorganization. — 
The syndicate headed by C. Terry 
Treadway, president of the Bristol Na- 
tional Bank, which has been bidding 
several weeks past for the controlling 
interest in the stock of the Bristol 
Water Company, has secured it. 

New High-Pressure Centrifugal 
Pump. — The Hayton Pump Company, 
Hannibal, Mo., has been incorporated 
to manufacture turbo-centrifugal high- 
pressure pumps. The pumps are the 
invention of T. R. Hayton, and it is 
claimed they show a large gain in ef- 
ficiency over many others now on the 
market, the gain ranging from 20 to 50 
per cent. The company has made ar- 
rangements with the Leader Foundry 
Company, Quincy, 111., for the manu- 
facture of the pumps. 

Garbage Receptacles. — The Buffalo- 
Receptacle Company, Buffalo, N. Y.. 
has been incorporated with a capital 
stock of $150,000, and will establish a 
plant in that city for the manufacture 
of garbage cans and refuse receptacles. 
Considerable machinery will be re- 
quired in the way of shears, punches. 
presses, riveters, etc. Gustave Stein- 
wachs, 1047 Genesee street, is manager. 

NUARY II, 191 1. 



Water Petition. — Forty residents of 
;rlin, Conn., have petitioned the Gen- 
al Assembly for a charter for a 
iter company. The petition recites 
at common convenience and neces- 
:y require that the different corn- 
unities in the town of Berlin be sup- 
ied with running water for the pur- 
ise of domestic use and fire preven- 
m, and that there are within the 
wn streams of water, springs and 
mds available for such supply, 
xiong the signers of the paper are: 

O. Clark, E. I. Clark, H. H. Da- 
Dn, G. B. Norton, D. E. Bradley, J. 
Molumphy, Francis Deming and 
hn Norton. 

Water Meters. — The Neptune Meter 
>mpany, New York, N. Y., has asked 
e Board of Control, Norfolk, Va., 
r permission to take up and test two 

three hundred of the water meters 
stalled by that concern four years 
o. As the meters have been given 

attention, simply having been placed 
d the water run through them with- 
t registering, this concern, desiring 

again compete for a Norfolk meter 
ntract, wishes to inform itself re- 
rding the condition of the old meters, 

to how they have stood the peculiar 
;rvice" to which they have been put. 
le Board of Control referred the ap- 
cation to Thomas B. Dornin, chief 
gineer of the water department. In 
t city's last meter purchase 3500 me- 
•s were bought from the Neptune 

General Electric Plant at Erie, Pa. — 
ie of the largest projects calling for 
ichinery expenditures expected to 
me before the trade this year is that 
the General Electric Company, Sche- 
ctady, N. Y., which is establishing a 
ge plant at Erie, Pa. The company 
s owned a tract of land at Erie for 
^eral years, and it now has a large 
indry and other smaller buildings 
;re. It is expected eventually to 
:ct a general machine shop, and in- 
iries now out indicate that the com- 
ny's plans will mature before the 
ar is over. 

Steam Shovel Companies. — The Ma- 
tt Steam Shovel Company, Marion, 
, which has been in business for 26 
irs, brought suit against the Marion 
ovel & Dredge Company, recently 
:orporated, seeking to restrain the 
ter from the use of its name on the 
Dund of the similarity being likely to 
d to the diversion of trade. The 
urt decided adversely to the suit, 
lding that the name of the new com- 
ny is a sufficiently distinct designa- 

Park Lighting Standards.— The El- 
:r P. Morris Company, of 90 West 
eet, will furnish 500 posts for Tung- 
n park lighting in the City of New 
>rk. About half of these are of a new 
)e and will be used for the lighting of 
: transverse roads through Central 
rk and the balance for regular instal- 

Snow Plow.— The Street Committee 
Plainfield, N. J., in its annual report, 
rs that the new Twentieth Century 
ader has proved a very efficieint side- 
Ik cleaner as well as a gutter scraper. 
>atent Paving Suit— The Rudolph S. 
)me Company, Chicago, 111., has 
ved notice on Sioux City, la., that the 
f will be made the party to a lawsuit 
:ertain concrete pavements are laid 
ording to specifications under which 
s were recently received. 
>ipe Suit.— An action for $5,560 has 
n filed by the Central Foundry Com- 
ly of New Jersey against the City of 

Shattuck, Okla. The company alleges 
the city has failed to pay for purchased 
water mains. 

A Wire Rope Trade Inquiry. — The 
Broderick & Bascom Rope Company, 
manufacturer of wire rope, St. Louis, 
Mo., addressed 60 or more of its agents 
scattered throughout the country, tak- 
ing in every State, asking for their 
views concerning the outlook for trade 
for 1911. A summary of the replies has 
been printed by the company. These 
replies, with very few exceptions, take 
an exceedingly hopeful view of business 
fur the coming year. The wire rope 
trade is regarded by the company as a 
fair barometer of the general commer- 
cial condition from the fact that it is 
not confined to any one line, wire rope 
being largely used in lumber and log- 
ging camps and by oil well drillers, 
mining companies and boat builders, 
elevator builders, contractors, etc., so 
that consumers' interests are much di- 
versified. The tenor of these replies is 
radically different from the views of 
James J. Hill, published by the Asso- 
ciated Press about December 1, which 
caused the inquiry to be made by the 
company. The Broderick & Bascom 
Rope Company states its opinion that 
1911 will be a banner year unless trade 
should be interfered with by tariff tink- 
ering, adverse railroad legislation or 
general labor troubles. 

Change of Address.— The Lackawan- 
na Steel Company announces that after 
January 19 its general offices, now at 2 
Rector street, New York City, will be 
located at its works at Lackawanna, 
Erie County, N. Y., where all corre- 
spondence and communications fcr the 
President, Vice-President and General 
Manager, Secretary, Treasurer, general 
sales department and traffic department 
should then be addressed. The office of 
the assistant to the President will re- 
main at 2 Rector street. New York City, 
where the company will also maintain a 
district sales office. 

Oxy-acetylene Flame in Bridge 
Wrecking. — The use of an oxy-acety- 
lene flame in removing the 450-ton turn- 
table drawspan, 330 feet long, of the 
Madison avenue bridge in New York 
City, is estimated to have saved several 
weeks' time, the actual work of removal 
having been done in one week. One 
oxy-acetylene outfit, with two torches 
and a total consumption of about 1500 
cu. ft. of oxygen and 450 cu. ft. of acet- 
ylene gas, were used in the cutting op- 
eration. The method of operation was 
as follows: The bridge was swung open 
and supported by cribbing built up on 
the fender pin to provide for unbal- 
anced reactions as the work of removal 
progressed. Two floating derricks were 
made fast to one end of the span and 
the top and bottom ends were cut 
through vertically about 50 feet from 
the end. The main diagonal eyebars 
were also cut, the stringers disconnect- 
ed from the floorbeam and the end of 
the span was detached and lowered by 
the derricks. By similar methods the 
span was cut into seven pieces, two 
weighing 25 tons each, two 66 tons, two 
75 tons and the center tower T30 tons 


Huntsville, Alabama, Gas Light & Fuel 
Co., Camden, N. J.; capital. $300,000. Incor- 
porators: William P. Huston. M. Rea Gano 
and Howard L. Miller. The company is to 
deal in stocks, bonds, debentures, secur- 
ities, etc. 

Federal Water Proofing Co., Akron, O. ; 
capital, $100,000. Incorporators: H. B. Ball, 
F. S. Nash. H. H. McCloskey, W. H. Miller 
and R. A. Carrell. 



ter, Portland, Ore.— Serial No. 437,214. 
An improved culvert, comprising upper 
anil lower semicircular sections, each 
formed of sheet metal corrugated through- 
out its length along lines substantially at 
right angles to its longitudinal axis, a num- 
ber of retaining plates fixed to one side of 
one of said semicircular sections, said 

plates being sr:aced apart from each other 
and being firmly fixed at one end to the 
adjacent semicircular section and each 
having its body portion slightly spaced 
apart from the adjacent portion of the sec- 
tion to which it is attached to admit the 
edge of the other semicircular section be- 
tween the plates and the section to which 
they are attached. 
979,182. CATCH-BASIN COVER. James 

H. MacDonald, New Haven, Conn. Serial 

No. 471,787. 

In a catch-basin cover, the combination 
with an open oblong rectangular frame 
having an inwardly extending bearing- 
flange, of a grille transversely bowed on 
its longitudinal axis so as to present a 
concave upper surface and consisting of a 
rim adapted in form and size to be set into 
the said open frame and having a main 

onally between opposite corners of the said 
group of long parallel bars extending diag- 
rim and reinforced by short bars arranged 
parallel with each other and with the sides 
of the said rim and at an angle to the said 
long bars, and the triangular spaces be- 
tween the two remaining corners of the rim 
and the outer edges of the outermost of 
the said long bars being respectively filled 
by groups of parallel bars differentiated in 
length and joining the sides and ends of 
the rim at an acute angle and the said 
outermost bars at substantially a right an- 
gle, the open spaces produced in the grille 
by the described construction and arrange- 
ment of bars being large and yet disposed 
so as to prevent a wheel rim from entering 
them and getting caught. 

979,185. TUNNEL FORM. Charles D. Mc- 
Arthur, Pittsburg, Pa., assignor to Blaw 
Collapsible Steel Centering Company, 
Pittsburg, Pa., a Corporation of New 
Jersey. Serial No. 542,065. 
In combination in a tunnel form, a series 

of spaced ribs comprising channels having 
inwardly directed flanges, bearing strips of 
less width than the channels secured to the 
outer faces thereof, lagging plates having 
their end edges resting upon the bearing 
strips: and means for securing the plates 
detachably to the flanges of the channels. 


Vol. XXX., No. 2. 

979,442. DITCHING MACHINE. John 

Louis Crismon, Eagle. Col. Serial No. 

I" a ditching machine, the combination 
with a frame mounted on from and rear 
wheels, of horizontal^ dlspoi ed vei I U allj 
adjustable bars mounted on said frame; a 
plow connected a1 Its opposite cuds to 
said bars; an Inclined conveyor secured at 
us lower end to said plow In position to 

receive earth therefrom; means for adjust- 
ing said plow laterally upon said bars, and 
said inclined conveyor simultaneously 
therewith; a laterally adjustable horizon- 
tally disposed conveyor on said frame 
adapted to receive the discharge from the 
inclined conveyor: means for changing the 
direction of travel of said horizontally dis- 
posed conveyor; and vertically adjustable 
plows on said frame in front of said rear 
wheels, having their mold boards facing 
each other. 

LIQUIDS. Casimir Stanislas Piestrak. 
Paris, France. Serial No. 579,475. 
An apparatus for sterilizing water and 
other liquids by means of ozone compris- 
ing a vacuum tube, said vacuum, tube con- 

taining mercury, an electrode mounted 
within said vacuum tube, an outer elec- 
trode arranged concentrically with and sur- 
rounding said inner electrode, an air pas- 
sage between said electrode and means for 
aspirating air through said air passage and 
into contact with the liquid to be sterilized. 
979,863. CEMENT - FORM. Francis T. 
Leeder, Sioux City, la., assignor to Lewis 
& Leeder, Sioux City, la., a Copartner- 
ship. Serial No. 557,405. 
In a cement form for curbs, the combina- 
tion with boards for inclosing the cement, 
of an inverted U-shaped holder one leg of 
which is longer than the other, guides se- 

cured to the boards on the long side of the 
holder in which the holder is held in posi- 
tion, a hook pivoted to the short end ol the 
holder and adapted for adjustment under 
the board on the short or gutter side of the 
holder, and a stop on the long side of the 
holdi r adapted to rest on the top board in- 
closing the cement, substantially as de- 

FOR. John Lansing Fuller, Schaghti- 
coke, N. Y. Serial No. 577,932. 
in a hydrant, a stand pipe; a bottom 
portion, a lateral Inlet; a vertically mov- 
able main valve; a valve stem having ro- 
tarj movement for raising and lowering 

said valve and a limited vertical movement 
with respect thereto; and a waste outlet 
in said bottom portion below said main 
valve including a valve seat and an aper- 
ture above said valve seat, said valve stem 
being constructed and fitted to engage said 
outlet valve seat and thereby to close said 

Carl Henry Froelich, St. Louis, Mo. Se- 
rial No. 570,326. 

In electric street lighting, the combina- 
tion of a suspension member having three 

arms, flexible supporting elements respec- 
tively connected to said arms, a lamp- 
holder secured to said member, and an 
electric light socket supported by said 
979,634. ROTARY PUMP. Nicholas W. 

Akimoff, Philadelphia, Pa. Serial No. 


In a pump of the character described, a 
shaft, a plurality of impellers secured to 

979,518. WATER METER. William H. 
Larrabee, Worcester, Mass., assignor to 
Union Water Meter Company, Worcester, 
Mass., a Corporation of Massachusetts. 
Serial No. 462,022. 

in a water meter, a meter wheel or pro- 
peller, consisting of a cylindrical body hav- 
ing near its respective ends similar op- 
positely disposed series of projecting heli- 
cal vanes with water ways between, each 

series surrounded by an outer cylindrical 
shell attached thereto, and a circumferen- 
tial projecting flange around the cylindrical 
body midway between the respective series 
of vanes; in combination with wheel-sup- 
porting means having guide passages for 
directing currents of water downward and 
upward onto the respective series of vanes, 
at the upper and lower ends of the wheel. 
Eugene Geo. Schwendeman, Oak Park, 
III., assignor to The American Asphalt 
Paving Company, Chicago, III., a Corpo- 
ration of Illinois. Serial No. 584,183. 
A templet for the purpose specified com- 

prising a long flat strip having one or more 
ears projecting therefrom and extending 
transversely thereof at one edge. 

hann Koenig, Riga, Russia. Serial No. 


A flexible pipe joint comprising two 
pipes making a ball and socket joint with 
each other, and, located within the pipes 

said shall. 
backward iy 

purpose set forth. 

said impellers being inclined 
substantially as and for the 

and connecting them, a second ball and 
socket joint whose center point coincides 
with that of the said first joint, and which 
consists of a ball member connected to the 
one pipe and engaging a bearing cup con- 
nected to the other pipe and having a cap 
i>\ means of which the ball member is con- 
fined in the bearing cup, so thai the Innei 

ball and socket joint is adapted to take OH 
the outer joint the pressure In either longi- 
tudinal direction 





Relating to Municipal and Public Work — Street Improvements — Paving, Road Making, Cleaning and Sprinkling — Sewerage, 

Water Supply and Public Lighting — Fire Equipment and Supplies — Bridges and Concrete Work — Sanitation, 

Garbage and Waste Disposa'- — Police, Parks and Miscellaneous — Proposals and Awards 

To be of value this matter must be printed in the number immediately following its receipt, which makes it impossible for us to 
verify it all. Our sources of Information are believed to be reliable, but we cannot guarantee the correctness of all items. Parties In 
charge of proposed work are requested to send us information concerning it as early as possible; also corrections of any errors discovered 




Received Until 

Nature op Work 

Address Inquiries to 




New York. . . . 



\ 1 ■ 






Washington. . . 
New Jersey. . . 




New Jersey. . . 





West Virginia. 






New Jersey. . . 



Pennsylvania. . 
New Jersey. . . 



Washington. . . 



New York. . . . 
Manitoba, Can 

Minneapolis Jan 13, 7:30 p.n 

Chicago. . . 
New York . 


Fresno Jan. 

Los Angeles. 
Paducah. . . 

Lake wood.. . 


Sacramento . 

Olympia. . . . 
Mt. Holly... 
Roanoke. . . . 
Cincinnati.. . 
Hamilton. . . 


Los Angeles. 





Vancouver, B. C. 

Collinsville. . 
Elizabeth. . 
Checotah. . . 
Paducah. . . . 
Elizabeth . . . 
Annapolis. . . 
Cincinnati.. . 
Spokane. . . . 


Louisville. . . 

Souris. . . 









Furn. paving material during 1011, inc. sandstone, creo. wood 
and vit. paving block; granite and sandstone curb, crushed 

granite, cement 

14 Furn. at bdges and viad. approx. 4,000 sq. yd. sect, wood pave . 

14 Regulating, grading, setting curbstones, flagging sidewalks, etc., 

Jerome ave. to Macomb's Road, and Gun Hill Rd. to Burke av 

14 Construction of mountain road from plains to old Milwood road 

and Happy Gap. Approx. 21 miles 

If, 2 p.m Improving portions of Huntington Drive in Los Angeles County 

16. ? p.m Bldg. sidewalks, etc., 3 jobs: concrete walks: 14,325, 23,000 

and 13,300 sq. ft.; concrete driveways: 820. 800 and 380 
sq. ft.; concrete gutters: 2,900, 3,040 and 2.520 lin. ft., 
granite curb: 2,900, 3,940 and 2,500 lin. ft.; L. A. Washing- 
ton, City Engineer 

16, noon Paving 3 aves., and one road; Wm. H. Evers Eng. Co., Arc. Clvld 

16 Paving 175,000 sq. yds. street surface with hard surface pave. . . 

16 Constr. Huntington Drive rd. from Los Angeles to Pasadena 

and from Bairdstown to Alhambra 

IS Grad., drain., mac, etc., State Aid rd. 99, Walla Walla Co.. . 

19, 11 a.m Grav. rd. through Akron from Gardner's Cor. to Atlantic Co. line 

19, noon Constructing granolithic sidewalks; grading two streets 

20, noon Improving Dayton Pike 

20 noon Imp. Dayton Pike Sycamore twp., Spec. No. 127; Bond SI. 000. 

21 Bldg. stone rd. 2,5 70 ft. long, from Tenafly to Alpine, Sylvan av. 

23 Road improvements to cost $170,000 

23 Improving Valley Road 

2 5 Imp. Harvard st. includ. cement curb and gut & cone, cuherts 

1, noon Construction of one mile of gravel road in Benton County. . . . 

6, 1 p.m Grad. and pave. 20 streets with vit. brick, bitulithic, sheet 

asphalt, asphalt block or concretic asphalt 

7, 7:30 p.m Constructing approx. 16,500 sq. yd. concrete sidewalks 

7 Furnish road roller, weight not less than 15 tons 

23 Constructing pavement on Jersey st 


13, 7 :30 p m.. . . Furn. Portland cement for sewer and street work, etc., in 191 1 . . 

14 Constructing sanitary sew er svstem 

16, 8:30 p.m... . Furn. and lay 5 70 ft. 10-in., 505 ft. 8-in.. sewer, m.h., etc... . 

16 Bldg. 11 miles 8, 10 and 12 -in. san. sewer, disposal works, etc. . 

16, 3:30 p.m... . Constructing c.i. drain pipes, paving, etc.. 2 sts 

16 Constructing a sewer and water system for borough 

16, 8:30 p.m... . Con. 570 ft. 10-in. 505 ft. 8-in. sewer pipe, calked joints, etc. . . 

17, 1 1 :30 a.m.... Constructing sewers in Carroll and 5 th sts.. Brooklyn 

17, noon Constructing sewers in Otto ave 

20, 2 pm Furn. 7,000 ft. of 10-in. corrugated drain pipe, perf. bottoms. . 

20 Constr. trunk sewer, cost approx. $26,000 

20 Constr. sewer known as 2d St. sewer, incl. 2,430 ft. of 42 and 

48-in. concrete sewer 

26 10 a.m Bldg. Harbor brook intercepting sewer and imp. stream 

1 Furn. 3 1 .000 ft. vit. sewer pipe, etc . spring and summer, 1911 

Henry N. Knott, City Clerk. 

B. J. Mullaney, Comr. Pub. Wks 

Pres. Bronx Boro. 177th St.&3d Ave 

Board of Supervisors. 

C. G. Keyes, County Clerk 

Board of Public Works 

B. M. Cook, Village Clerk. 
W. A. Morse, City Recorder. 

State Hwy. Comr. Sacramento, Cal. 
H. L. Bowlby, Sec'y. St. Hwy. Bd. 
Earl Thomson, Co. Engr., Camden. 
W. L. Craft, City Clerk. 
Fred Dreihs, County Clerk 
Fred Dreihs, Clk. County Comrs 
Franklin W. Hopkins, Mayor. 
Solomon Norcross, C.E., Atlanta, Ga 

C. G. Keys, Clk. Bd. Superv. 
C. G. Hamilton, City Clerk. 
Lemuel Shipman, County Auditor. 

lohn Coon, Comr. of Streets. 
A. T. Triav City Clerk 
Win. McQueen. City Clerk. 
J. W. Morris, City Engineer 

H. N. Knott. Cits- Clerk. 

W J. Pattison, City Clerk. 

N. K.- Thompson, Street Comr. 

W. W. Southard, City Engineer. 

L. A. Washington, City Engineer. 

C. V. Cloud, Chm, Counc. Com. -in. -C 

N. K. Thompson, St. Comr. 

S. O. Tilghman, Clk. Co. Comrs. 

John J. Wenner, City Clerk. 

John Gifford, City Purch. Agt. 

Rose Moriarty, City Clerk. 

Comr. of Sew., 605 Equitable Bldg. 
G. D. Holmes, Ch. Engr. Inter. S. Bd 
C. R. Heath, Health Engineer. 

Washington.. . . Spokane Jan. 


Pennsylvania. . 


Minn , 

Mew York 

Pennsylvania. . 
Pennsylvania. . 






Dregon ......... 


Washington. . . . 

Manitoba, Can. 

Iowa. .■ 






Dist. of Col'bia. 

Dayton Jan. 

Masontown Jan. 

Pembroke Jan. 

Faribault Jan. 

Yonkers Jan. 

Pittsburg Jan. 

Lancaster Jan. 

Grand Rapids. . . Jan. 

Fort Sam Hous'n Jan. 

Douglas Jan. 

Chicago Jan. 

Newburg Jan. 

Astoria Jan. 

Kansas City Jan. 

Spokane Jan. 

Souris Feb. 

Rippey Feb. 


13, 2 p.m Bids in triplicate for 100 4-in. and 30 6-in. hydrants; 50 6-in., 

25 8-in. 25 10-in. and 25 12-in. valves, c.i. bell and 50 6-in. 
valves, Kal. bell 

16 Franchise to construct and operate w. w. system for 18 years. . 

16 Constructing a water and sewer system for Borough 

16 Furn. water main and piping 

16, 8 p.m Drilling artesian well approx. 1,000 ft. and casing old wells. . . . 

16 245 lengths of 12-in pipe 

17 Furn. and erect. 1,000,000 and 6,000,000 gal. pumping station 

17 F'urn. elec. driven centrif. pump having capacity 10,000,000 

gals, in 24 hours 

19, 8 p.m Bldg. fireproof w.w. and filtration plant, one story, 178x178 ft., 

and repair shop, two stories, 40x66 ft. ; cost $400,000 ; Hering 
& Fuller, Engrs. 170 Broadway, New York City 

19, 11 a.m Con. 3 reinforced concrete water troughs, etc 

19, 1 p.m Con. reservoir, water mains, valves, hydrants, etc 

19, 11 am Furn. and install two 20,000,000 gal. centrif. pumps and two 

1,000 h.p. elec. motors, with wir., pip., etc., at pump, station. 

2 1 , noon Constructing water mains 

23, 2 p.m Furn. labor and material for wood stave pipe 

2d Bldg. horizontal shaft centrifugal pump, direct connected to 

vertical cross-corn, engine, capacity 30,000,000 gals 

30,2 p.m Furn two 14 in. single suction, hor. shaft, two-stage centrif- 
ugal pumps, valves, etc 

1 Furn 425 tons c.i. water pipe, specials, fire hydrants, gate valves 

and boxes, pig lead, etc.. in spring and summmer of 1911 

6, 8 p.m Construction of water works system 


John Gifford, City Purchasing Agt 

C. V. Cloud, Chm. Council Com 
A. E. Fortier, Town Clerk. 

D. F. Mackenzie, Citv Recorder. 
John T. Geary, City Clerk. 

Jos. G. Armstrong, Dir. Pub. Wks 

J. A. Leinbach, City Clerk. 

S. A. Freshney, Gen. Mgr.. Bd. P. W 

P. W. Guiney, Con. (J.M. 

R. G. Mc Arthur, Sec'y. W. W. Com. 

B. J. Mullanev, Comr. Pub. Wks. 
J. \Y Shimek, Clk Bd. of Control 
Lars Bergsvik, Engr. Wt. Com. 

W. Kiersted, Ch. Engr. Water Dept 

John Gifford. City Purch. Agt 

J. W. Breakey, Secy. -Treasurer. 
J. A. Haberer, Town Clerk. 

Cincinnati Jan. 13, noon Bldg. concrete bridge on Cooper ave Fred Dreihs, Clk. Co. Comrs. 

Fresno Jan. 14 Constr. eight bridges on mountain road Board of Supervisors 

Wichita Jan. 16 Bldg. pile bridge in Lincoln twp Jesse Leland, County Clerk. 

16, 1 p.m Constructing superstructure of bridge over Grand river A. V. Hillyer. County Clerk. 

18, 10 a.m Constructing bridge over canal at College ave Albert Sahm, Co. Auditor 

23, 2 p.m Strengthening Calvert st. bridge. Approx. $25.000 Wm. V. Judso'n, Engr. Comr. 

1. 4 p.m Plans, designs, detailed drawings, strainsheets, specifications 

and proposals for $22 5,000 rein, concrete bridge over James ri. Charles E. Boiling, City Engineer 

Jefferson Jan 

Indianapolis Jan 

Washington Jan. 

Richmond Feb 

m u i\ iv^ir'rti^ juuKiMAL, «i\u c>i\vjii\i^rL,K 

VOL. -\.\.\., 1N(). 



Received Until 

Nature op Work 

Address Inquiries to 


New i 
New York . 





Washington. . 
Rhode Island. 



New York. . . . 
Pennsylvania. , 
New York. . . 
Pennsyh ania. . 
North Dakota 


Columbus Jan. 

Perth Amboy . . . Jan 

Albam fan 

ilis. Jan 

Pi Winfield Scott Jan 


13, 9 Elec wiring and heating plant for Ohio Penitentiary 

15 Structural iron work on 200x200 ft., power house, SO ft. high. . 

1 6 Lighting streets in Albany 

1 '/ . 11 a. m Lighting sts. in Arundel Comity by arc or incan. elec, lamps for 

terms of one two five Or ten years 

19 Constr. oil stor. tank, pipe line, pump, motor, etc. 

Spokane . Jan, _'(), 2 p.m Furn induction motor and switchboard complete; also 3,000,- 

ooo gal. two-stage horizontal shaft pump 

Peoria Jan. 24 Construction of bridge across Illinois river 

Fort Screven Jan 30, 11 a.m. . . Constructing electric light system 

Atlanln March 1 Imp. Elec. Lt. and Power Plant, probable cost 840.000 


Tacoma Jan. 16. 3 p.m Furn. motor-driven comb, chemical engine and hose wagon; 

one motor-driven Aerial ladder truck; also auto roadster 
to carry four persons 

E. Providence Jan 21 Furnishing automobile fire truck 

Marriott & Allen, Architects. 
Public Service Electric Company 
F. N. Bresler, City Clerk. 

S () Tilgman, Clk. Co. Comrs. 
Maj. Geo. McK Williamson, (J.M 

John Gilford, City Purch. Agt. 
Fred B. Tracy, City Clerk. 
Constructing Quartermaster. 
T. E. Nichols. City Clerk. 

Minneapolis Jan. 

Lake Charles. .. . Jan. 

New York Jan. 

Schuylkill Haven Jan. 

New York Jan. 

Philadelphia Jan. 

La Moure Jan. 

Minneapolis Jan. 

Ardmore Jan. 

San Jose Feb. 


13 7:30 p.m... . Furn. Portland cement for filter plant, St. and sew. work in 1911 

16 Erect. $165,000 Court House, Fayrot & Livaudais, Archts., 

New Orleans 

16 Furn. mat. and resurfac. floors. City Hosp. Blackwell's Island . . 

17, noon Con. sewage disposal and power plant ; also main bldg 

17 Disposition of garbage in Manhattan and Bronx 

20 Bldg. superstruc. of Vine st. pier; cost about $35,000 

20, 2 p.m Furnishing cor. galvanized culverts needed during 1911 

21, noon Dredging in Lake Calhoun and filling low lands and boulevard 

adjacent; 500,000 cu. yds. material to be moved; $1,000 
check with bid 

23, noon All furniture to furnish and equip new County Court House. . . . 

6 Constructing tuberculosis ward, county hosp. Est. cost $10,000. 

L. W. Roys, Comr. Pub. Safety. 
W. E. Smyth, City Clerk. 

Henry N. Knott, City Clerk 

Police Jury. 

M. J. Drummond, Comr. Pub. Char 
Charles Straughn, County Recorder. 
W. H. Edwards, Comr. St. Clean". 
J. F. Hasskarl, Act. D. Dt. W. 8c D 
C. J. Alister, County Auditor. 

J. A. Ridgway, Secy. Bd. Pk. Comrs 
R. F. Scivally, Chm. Bd. County Co. 
Roy Walter, City Clerk. 


Corning, Cal. — Laying of 1V 2 miles of con- 
crete sidewalks is being considered. — Trus- 
tees Wm, Dale and Samuel Benton, Special 

Los Angeles, Cal. — Board of Supervisors 
has adopted specifications for about 11 
miles of road near Lamanda Park: bids 
will be asked at once. 

Reedley, Cal. — Citizens are urging Coun- 
ty Supervisors to ask for bids for building 
14-ft. road in mountains above Millwood 
and Happy Gap; cost $25,000. 

Upland, Cal. — Contract will soon be let 
for paving 10th st. 

Bridgeport, Conn. — Streets and Sidewalks 
Committee has recommended that the 
Board of Aldermen give permission to 
Legislature to bond city to amount of $100,- 
000 in order to put permanent pavements 
on all of streets. — Alderman H. J. Clampett, 

Wilmington, Del. — Court of General Ses- 
sions is considering opening of road in 
Brandywine Hundred. 

Washington, D. C. — Engineer Depart- 
ment favors extension of Lamont st. N. W. ; 
total cost $12,900. 

Macclenny, Fla. — County Commissioners, 
J. R. Barnes, Chairman, will improve main 
thoroughfare east and west across county 
this year. 

Pensacola, Fla. — Geo. Roummel. Jr., will 
prepare plans and supervise proposed road 
improvement work: $250,000 bonds sold. 

St. Augustine, Fla. — St. Johns County is 
considering construction of surfaced high- 
way from this city to Bayard, in Duval 

Athens, Ga. — Mayor Rowe has recom- 
mended extension of granolithic sidewalks 

Glencoe, III. — Bids have been rejected for 
construction of 12,050 yds. 3-courae mac- 
adam pavement, including 9,723 lin. ft. 4 to 
22-in. vit. tile drain. — Windes & Marsh. 598 
Birch st., Wennetka, Engin 

Evansville, Ind. — Improvement of 1st ave. 
road is being considered by Board of Coun- 
ty Commissioners. 

Mishawaka, Ind. — Residents of Nibs. 
Washington and Indiana aves. have peti- 
tioned for bitulithic pavement. 

Portland, Ind. — Jay and Randolph County 
Commissioners will soon ask bids for con- 
struction of proposed connecting three-mile 
gravel road. 

Council Bluffs, la. — Paving of East Pierce 
st. and McPherson ave. is being considered. 

Des Moines, la. — Council has decided to 
pave Eighth st. with creosote wood block 
of tamarack or southern long-leaf pine. 
— .Tas. L. Hanna, Mayor. 

Red Oak, la. — Council has decided to 
grade curb and pave number of streets. — 
Richard Roberts, City Clerk. 

Louisville, Ky. — Good Roads Congress has 
recommended passage of bill allowing over 
$1,000,000 each year for construction of 
gor d reads. 

Baltimore. Md. — Specifications for regrad- 
ing of South Eutaw st.. between Henrietta 
and doss sts., incident to work of Balti- 

more and Ohio Railroad in abolishing its 
grade crossings in South Baltimore, will be 
submitted to the Board of Awards by City 
Engineer B. T. Fendall. 

Colesville, Md. — Colesville district has 
petitioned for construction of 2y 2 miles of 
pike ( n Columbia road. 

Boston, Mass. — Mayor Fitzgerald is con- 
sidering proposed widening of Pleasant st. 

Eoston, Mass. — City proposes to construct 
10 miles of granolithic or other ] avement 
sidewalks. — L. K. Rourke, Superintendent 
of Streets. 

Brookhaven, Mass. — Lincoln County has 
voted $150,000 of bonds for construction of 
about 60 miles of gravel road in District 
No. 1. 

Dedham, Mass. — City has sold $7,740 
street and bridge bonds to Adams & Co. 

Fall River, Mass. — Mayor Higgins has 
recommended systematic improvement of 
streets and more extensive street sweeping. 

Gloucester, Mass. — Mayor Patch has rec- 
ommended improvement of Main st. and 
continuing work on parkway along West- 
ern ave. 

Lowell, Mass. — Mayor John P. Meehan 
has recommended loans for additional 
smooth paving and sewer work. 

New Bedford, Mass. — Mayor Ashley has 
recommended widening of Mt. Pleasant st. 
and Tarkiln Hill road. 

Northampton, Mass. — Mayor Calvin Cool- 
idge has recommended improvement of 

Taunton, Mass. — Mayor Woods has rec- 
ommended improvement of streets in out- 
skirts of city. 

Duluth, Minn. — Highway Commissioner 
B. J. Morriset will improve 18th st. road 
for distance of 11 miles; road will be wid- 
ened to 20 ft and macadamized. 

Duluth, Minn. — Cost of paving Superior, 
.Tenswold and Oneonta sts. has been esti- 
mated at $211,415, provided bridges at 40th 
and 43d sts. be filled with dirt one year 
previous to paving. 

South Stillwater, Minn. — Citizens have 
vot( d $5,000 bonds for street and electric 
light improvements. 

Bogota, N. J. — Mayor Wm. N. Smith has 
recommended macadamizing from curb to 
curb I arch ave. from South st. to the 
borough line: completion of all sidewalks 
and crosswalks; asphalt oiling of all the 
principal streets in borough; opening and 
macadamizing of such new streets as will 
be justified by increase of taxable values 
of abutting property of borough and imme- 
diate improvement of TroIJey St. 

Camden, N. J. — Mayor Chas. H. Ellis has 
,recoinmended highway improvements in 
Eleventh and Twelfth Wards. 

Elizabeth, N. J.— Mayor Alfred A. Stein 
has recommended abolition of Central Rail- 
road grade crossings in downtown section 
of city. 

Hasbrouck, N. J. — Mayor A. C. Austin 
has recommended improvement of boule- 

North Plainfield, N. J.— Mayor N. B. 
Smalley is favorable to widening of Som- 
erset st. from Jackson ave. north. 

Rahway, N. J. — Mayor Wm. Howard has 
recommended extensive oiling of roads dur- 
ing year and paving of Lewis st. from 
Ir\ing to Main st. with brick. 

Roselle Park, N. J.— Mayor Geo. H. 
Horning lias recommended paving of cer- 
tain streets. 

South Amboy, N. J. — Mayor Michael 
Welsh has recommended improvement of 

Trenton, N. J. — Board of Park Commis- 
sioners is considering extension of River- 
side ave. 

Albany, N. Y. — Mayor Jas. B. McEwen 
has recommended widening of State st. and 
extension of North Pearl st. 

Albany, N. Y. — Award of good roads con- 
tracts, estimated cost $3,750,000, has been 
held up by Gov. Dix, who has requested 
State Highway Commission to defer the 
opening of bids until John A. Bensel, State 
Engineer, has examined plans and specifi- 
cations and reported to him; contracts, 
which were for 50 or more sections of work, 
were to have been awarded on Jan. 9, 11 
and 13. 

Binghamton, N. Y. — Council has ordered 
specifications for paving Main and Leroy 
sts. with brick and wood block. 

Kingston, N, Y. — Mayor Roscoe Irwin has 
recommended permanent paving of number 
of streets. 

Lackawanna, N. Y. — Citizens have voted 
to pave portion of Ridge road; estimated 
cost, with brick, $76,000, and with stone, 

Lockport, N. Y. — Mayor Jas. J. Moran has 
recommended repair of streets leading to 
main roads. 

Newburgh, N. Y. — Cost of paving Front 
st. has been estimated by City Engineer 
Blake at $4,400. 

New Rochelle. N. Y — Council has decided 
to curb, gutter and sidewalk Lafayette 
and Winthrop ave. and Brook st. 

Poughkeepsie, N. Y. — Mayor Sague has 
recommended continuance of street im- 

Rochester, N. Y. — Council is considering 
laying of asphalt pavement on Northview 
Terrace at cost of $12,000; cement walks 
and asphalt pavement on St. Paul st.. $99,- 
650, and asphalt pavement on Goodman and 
Circle sts., $26,000.— Thos. Dramfield, City 

Schenectady, N. Y. — Cost of repairing 
State and other streets has been estimated 
by City Engineer J. Leland Fitzgerald at 
about $100,000. 

Sharon, N. D. — Commercial Club is inter- 
ested in proposed construction of roads. 

Ashtabula, O. — County Commissioners are 
considering construction of macadam road 
from Bunker Hill to Austlnburg; distance 
7 miles. 

Canton, O. — Council has passed resolu- 
tions for paving S. Rex and High sts. 

Cincinnati, O. — Chief Draughtsman F. L. 
Rasellng has completed surveys for con- 
struction of proposed grade crossing via- 

Cincinnati. O. — Committee on Streets and 
Parks is considering eight ordinances for 

Jam aky ii, ign. 



paving certain alleys in neighborhood of 
\ ine and Liberty sts. with brick. 

Toledo, O. — 1-ians of the Cherry Street 
Business Men's Association for repaving ol 
Cherry st. between Summit and Bancroft 
on the present foundation have received ap- 
Eroval of Council Committee on Public Im- 
in <\ ements. 

Toledo, O. — Council has received petition 
lo pave Detroit ave. from Central to Col- 

Youngstown, O. — Good Roads Commis- 
sioners of District No. 1 have advertised 
sale of $(25,u00 of good roads bonds for im- 
proving a number of short stretches of 
road connecting up main highways in the 
Townships of Youngstown, Boardman, 
Austintown and Jaeksop. 

Sharpsville, Pa. — Town will lay about 25,- 
00U to 30,000 so., yds. brick paving during 
the year. 

West Chester, Pa. — Taxpayers of Honey- 
brook, East Cain, West Nantmeal, Wallace. 
Cain and East Brandy wine Townships are 
urging construction of highway between 
Downingtown and Honeybrook boroughs by 
way of Glendale. 

Cranston, R. I. — Mayor Edw. M. Sullivan 
has recommended $5,000 expenditure for 

Newport, R. I. — Mayor Patrick J. Boyle 
has recommended repairing of roadbeds and 
laying of granolithic sidewalks. 

Providence, R. I. — Mayor Henry Fletcher 
has recommended paving of business 

Pierre, S. D. — County Commissioners have 
iecided to considerably improve highways 
Juring year. 

Sumter, S. C. — Council is considering 
election on $25,000 bonds for improvement 
3f Main st. — L. D. Jennings, Mayor. 

Palestine, Tex. — City Commissioners are 
considering opening of Line St. 

Taylor, Tex. — Board of Aldermen is con- 
sidering purchase of road roller. 

Norfolk, Va.— City Engineer W. T. 
Brooke has been requested by Board of 
Jontrol to ascertain cost of laying smooth 
pavement at intersection of Boush ana 
Freemason sts. 

Portsmouth, Va. — Local Board of Seventh 
vVard has decided to make permanent re- 
pairs to South st. 

Portsmouth, Va. — If city will agree to im- 
arove Glasgow st. to a permanent extent 
as far as present limits of city, Permanent 
Road Improvement Commission of Norfolk 
bounty will extensively improve continua- 
tion of street in county territory. 

Centralia, Wash.— City will pave 10 blocks 
in spring; cost $70,000. 

Olympia, Wash. — Resolutions have been 
^resented before State Highway Board for 
State aid road in Benton County from 
Byron to Kennewick passing through Pros- 
ser, a distance of 40 miles, and for one in 
Columbia County from Hawksville to Ma- 
rengo, about 20 miles. 

Seattle, Wash. — Council has passed reso- 
lutions for paving three streets and filling 
Railroad ave. 

South Bend, Wash. — Council is consider- 
ing paving of main business street. 

Huntington, W. Va. — City Commissioners 
ire planning to expend $170,000 on street 
Improvements during coming summer. 

Sheboygan, Wis. — Board of Public Works 
has recommended paving of North 6th and 
ather streets. 

Fergus, Ont., Can. — Ratepayers have 
passed by-law for permanent sidewalks. 


Los Angeles, Cal. — Paving Evergreen 
ave.. to Frank Gillespie, about $13,206. 

San Bernardino, Cal. — Paving E st. from 
First to Mill, to Ernest Frenzell. Redlands, 
3.6c per sq. ft. for oiled macadam and 
2.5c. per sq. ft. for oiled surface; total cost 
will be $10,000. 

Stockton, Cal. — Paving nine streets with 
macadam, to O. Moreing & Sons, city. 

Denver, Col. — Grading streets and con- 
structing concrete curb and gutter in East 
Denver Improvement District No. 6. bid- 
ders all of Denver: To Westcott-Doan In- 
vestment Co.. $45,515; other bidders: The 
Denver and Pueblo Construction Co., $46,- 
333; the Municipal Construction Co., $49,- 
323; the Commonwealth Construction Co., 
K49.982; J. Fred Roberts, $50,806; Thos. J. 
Tully, $51,497. 

Jacksonville, Fla. — By Countv Commis- 
sioners: Paving with brick, to Fred Ogram, 
$8,943; shell paving on 64th St., to D. M. 
Baker, $6,062. 

Jacksonville Fla. — Grading, paving and 
curbing the Panama road with brick, to 
Fred Ogram, $8 943.25; grading 64th St., to 
C. F. Slater, $612.97: shell paving 64th St., 
to D. M. Baker, $6,062.27; grading Bake 
Shore blvd., to J. Collier Brown. $2 369.63. 

Chicago. III. — Paving, to following bid- 
ders: F. K. Shobe Co., 521 W. 63d St.: .Tno. 
A. McGarry & Co., 1001 Security Bldg. : 
Parker Washington Co., 920 Chamber of 
Commerce Bldg.: R. F. Conway Co.. 720 
Chamber of Commerce Bldg.. and .las. A. 

Sackley Co., 307 Chamber of Commerce 

I. Clg. 

Giencoe, III. Paving with macadam from 
plans of Engineers vVindes & Marsh, 598 
Birch st., Winnetka, to John A. McGarry & 

Co,, 100] Security Bldg., Chicago, as fol- 
lows: 21,400 Bq. yds. macadam, avenue 
depth 9%, 11.02%; 12,900 cu. yds. excava- 
tion, 30c. ; in. 100 sq. yds. of sod, 28c; 69 1 
sq. yds. paving brick cross walks, $1 
concrete end curbs, complete, $5; 73 catch 
basins, 260-lb. covers, $29; i manholes, 260- 
Ib, covers, complete, $28; 1,280 lin. It. of 4- 
in. drain, 4 ft. deep, 26c; 6,160 lin. ft. of 
6-in., 36e. ; 3,892 lin. ft. of 8-in., 10c ; 960 
lin. ft. of 10-in., 49c., and L50 lin. ft. of 12- 
in., 5 ft. deep, $1. and 1,200 lin. ft. of 30-in. 
drain, 6 ft. deep, $2.80; total, $41,349; Jas. 
i 'ape & Sons Co., 168 Water st., Racine, 
Wis., bid for this work $41,917. 

Covington, Ind. — To Fred Cunningham, 
Bloomheld, to construct gravel road, $10,- 

Greencastle, Ind. — By Commissioners of 
Putnam County for construction of a gravel 
road in Greencastle and Monroe Town- 
ships, to Mahoney & Allen, city. 

Logansport, Ind. — Po Flank Justice for 
constructing Harvey gravel road between 
('ass and White Counties, by* County Com- 
missioners, $8.9(iii. 

Wichita, Kan. -laving with brick por- 
tions of Water, 3d and 1st sts., to 11. L. 
Miles, $1.99 per sq. yd. 

Springfield, Mo. — Paving as follows: Elm 
st. with brick, to J. C. Likes, $2.21 per sq. 
yd.; Mt. Vernon and Commercial sts., with 
tiassam, to Rackliffe-Gibson Construction 
Co., $1.75 per sq. yd. 

Elizabeth City, N. C. — Asphalt street pav- 
ing, to .1. L. Robinson, Baltimore, Md., $1.64 
per sq. yd.; paving Water st. with Belgian 
blocks, to J. L. Lawson, Norfolk. 

Cleveland, O. — Grading and loaming 
Parkway, Harvard to Washington road, to 
Alex. Tubman & Win. Burkhardt, 2153 
Fairmount st. 

Circleville, O. — To James T. Lynch, of 
Flint, Mich., for paving streets, $73,052. 

Marion, O. — Paving Marion and Agosta 
pike, to D. C. O'Connell, $5,950. 

Bartlesville, Okla.— To Kraull & Co., for 
paving East 3d st.. including curbing, gut- 
tering, grading and laying of sewers, $2.38 
per sq. yd. 

East Providence, R. I. — Supplying 132.000 
granite paving blocks, to New England 
Granite Co.; 50,000, to John Catto; both 
contracts are to be filled at Westerly quar- 
ries and 100.000 will be supplied at $60 per 
M and 82,000 at $59 per M. 

Portsmouth, Va. — To E. Parks Lindsay, 
city, by Norfolk County Permanent Road 
Improvement Commission, for construction 
of macadamized boulevard from Cross 
roads in Tanner's Creek magisterial dis- 
trict, to Ocean View, $16,163: other bidders: 

E. J. McGuire, Norfolk, $16,270, and Dalby, 
Nottingham & Co., Norfolk, $16,297.20. 

Olympia, Wash. — By State Highway 
Hoard, for four miles of road, running east 
from Tomasket in Okanogan County, 
known as road 92. to Wood & Rubert, 
about $5,000. 


Los Angeles, Cal. — By County Board of 
Supervisors for improving Rl Monte-Cornia 
Road, 9.05 miles long, requiring 28,820 tons 
of oiled macadam: A. C. St. John, $40,348; 
Oiled Macadam Paving Co., $44,382, and 

F. E. Pr< nde~gast, $«4.313. 

Hartford, Conn. — Construction of State 
road work: Town of Sterling, three sec- 
tions gravel -telford road, on the road lead- 
ing from the Sterling railroad station to 
the Rhode Island State line, (a) first sec- 
tion. 5,810 lin ft., (b) second section. 6,268 
lin. ft., (c) third section, 9,442 lin. ft., (d) 
telford, (e) rubble drain: A hern Bros., Nor- 
wich, fa) $6,730. (b) $8,720. (c) $7.03::. uii 
60c, (e) $1: Roger Kennedy, Middletown, 
(a) $8,511, (b) $9,778, (c) $12,180, (d) 60c, 
i' t $1.25; A Vito & Co., Thompson, fa) 
$8,100, (b) $10,730, (c) $7,380, (d) 75c. (e) 
$1.25: O. T. Benedict, Pittsfleld, Mass., (a) 
$7.r,nu (b) $14,350, (c) $8,250, (d) 75c. (e) 
95c; V I >. I badge's Son Co., Hazardville. 
fa) $9,607. fb) $13,455, (c) $11,700, (d) 75c, 
(e> $1. Town of Canton. 6,123 lin. ft. 
gravel-telford road, including < ne relnfo 'ced 
concrete culvert, 8-ft. span, on Indian Hill 
section: B. D. Pierce, Jr., Co.. Bridgeport, 
Inmn sum. gravel $18 000, telford 75c. ner 
lin. ft. rubble drain 90c. per lin. ft: Wil- 
liam Maloney, West Hartford, $18.1127, 60c, 
75c: c. A. Rossi, Torrington, $18,065. 65c. 
75c. ; Josenh Mascetti Torrineton, $11,266, 
50c, 60c; F. Arrigoni & Bro., Durham, $27,- 
■1!'2 50c. $1.25; Pierson Engineering and 
Construction Co., Bristol. $16 s:;s :,rc.. $1.25: 
Sternberg & Cadwell, West Mart lor, 1. $13.- 
899, 50c., $1.25: C. W. Tvron. Meriden, $18.- 
063, 50c. $1.25. Town of Brooklyn. 5,050 
lin. ft. macadam-telford road, on Main st.: 
Roger Kennedy, Midd'etown. $1 79 ner lin. 
ft. for macadam, $2.30 per lin. ft. for tel- 
ford. $1 ner lin. ft. for rubble drain. 65c. 
per sq. yd. for cobble gutters: C. T. Bene- 

dict. Pittsfleld, Mass., $2.53, $3.23, $1. 75c., 
Tony Leo, Thompson, $2.89, :. 3. 7 1. $1.05, 89c; 
A. I >. Bridge's Sons Co., Hazardville, $2.57, 
$;;.27, $1, 60c. Town of Preston, 7,825 lin. 

it. graded telford road, including one rein- 
forced concrete arch culvert, 8-ft. span on 
the road from Sterling station to the Rhode 

island State line, (a) grading, lump sum, 

( b) telford, <ci rubble drain, id) rubble 
walls: Ahem Bros., Norwich, (a) $19,590, 

(c) $1. (d) $6; Roger Kennedy, .Middletown, 

(a) $1 1,000, i bi 60c, (c) $1, (d I $5.50; I >. T 
Benedict, Pittsfleld, Mass., (a) $1:1,99:,, il>) 
75c, (C) 96c, (d) $5.95; William B. Wilcox, 
Norwich, (a) $21,0n0, cb) 70c, (cj $1, <d> $6; 
Clayton T. Curtiss, Glastonbury, (a) $14,- 
004, (bi 90c, (c) $l.m, <<\) $5; Tony Leo, 
Thompson, (a) $15,87u, (b) 8lc, (c) $1.19; 
Tony Carboni, Norwich, (a) $21,235, <b> 
$3.30, (c> $1, id) $3.25; Eldredge Construc- 
tion Co., Mystic, (a) $13,728, <\>) $2.18. (c) 
90c, (d) $4; A. I). Bridge's Sons Co., Haz- 
ardville, (a) $18,553, (b) 60c, ic) $1, (d) $6. 
Town of New Fairfield, four sections grad- 
ed telford road, aggregating 160 lin. ft., in- 
cluding one I-beam reinforced concrete cul- 
vert, (a) first section, 1,8)5 lin. ft., (b> 
section, 1,000 lin. ft. (c) 630 lin. ft., 

(d) 690 lin. ft., (e) lump sum price for four 
sections, (f) telford, (g) rubble drain: 
Goodman Trumbull, Litchfield, (a) $4,495, 

(b) $2,966, (c) $1,176, (d) $1,140, (e) $9,- 
776.40, (f) 90c, (g) $1.25; Joseph Mascetti, 
Torrington, (a) $2,717, (b) $530, (c) $450, 
(d) $2,000, (e) $6,300, (f) 60c, (g) 60c; Nor- 
ris I latch. New Fairfield, (e> $10,800; E. G. 
Tar, ice, Bethany, (a) $10,000, (b) $2,500, 

(c) $2,000, (d) $2,500, (e) $17,000, (f) 65c, 
fg) $1; B. N. Beard Co., Shelton, (e) $12,- 
210, (f) 65c, (g) $1. Town of Litchfield, 3,- 
100 lin. ft. graded telford road, and Town 
of Harwinton, 732 lin. ft. graded telford 
road; road for elimination of two dangerous 
grade crossings. East Litchfield; work in- 
volves much heavy cutting and filling; 
both sections: The B. D. Pierce, Jr., Co., 
Bridgeport, $11,000 for entire grading. 85c 
per lin. ft. for telford, 85c per lin. ft. for 
rubble drain; A. Vito, Thompson, $16,861,. 
90c, $1.25; F. Arrigoni & Bro., Durham, 
$17,081, 99c, $1; John de Michael & Bro., 
Torrington, $15,902. 50c, $1; William Ma- 
loney, West Hartford, $14,178, 60c, 75c; 
O. T. Benedict, Pittsfleld, Mass., $13,987, 
60c, 75c; Pierson Engineering and Con- 
struction Co., Bristol, $11,000, 75c, $1 ; Jo- 
seph Mascetti, Torrington, $11,266, 50c, 
55c; Sternberg & Cadwell, West Hartford, 
$10,900, 50c, $1.25; C. W. Tyron, Meriden, 
$11,071, 50c, $1. 

Mt. Vernon, N. Y. — Paving East Lincoln 
ave, Louis Petrillo, new curb, 80c: old 
curb, 43c; asphalt block, $2.30; brick pave- 
ment, $1.68; brick pavement relaid, 25c. 
new flag walks, 65c; Jas. Piro, new curb, 
65c; old curb, 25c; brick pavement, $2.25; 
relaying brick pavement, 10c; new side- 
walks, 70c; old sidewalks relaid, 10c; new 
brick pavement, present foundation, $1.63; 
Frank Nordone, new curb, $1; old curb, 
50c; asphalt pavement on 6-in. concrete 
foundation, $2.95; asphalt on cement foun- 
dation. $2.75; brick pavement, $2.15; brick 
pavement relaid, 10c; brick pavement on 
present foundation, $1.59: sheet asphalt, 
$2.60; sheet asphalt on 2-in. concrete foun- 
dation, $2.50; new flag sidewalks, $1; old 
flag sidewalks relaid. 15c; Charles Motolla, 
new curb, 70c;old curb, $35c; asphalt on 
6-in. concrete foundation, $5; asphalt on 2- 
in. cement foundations, $4.50; brick pave- 
ment. $2.50; new flag sidewalks, 60c; brick 
relaid, $1.05; bricks on present foundation. 
$1.55; sheet asphalt on 6-in. concrete foun- 
dation. $5; sheet asphalt on 2-in. cement 
foundation, $4.75; new flag sidewalks. 60c; 
old flag sidewalks relaid. 10c; Barber As- 
phalt Co., new curb, $1.34; old curb, 74c; 
asphalt block, $3.28%; asphalt block on 2- 
in. cement foundation, $2.51%; brick pave- 
ment relaid, 35c; sheet asphalt on 6-in. 
concrete foundation, $2.94; sheet asphalt 
on 2-in. cement foundation, $2.20%; new 
(lags, 90c; old flags, 25c; James Garofano. 
new curb, 75c: old curb, 20c.; brick pave- 
ment, $2.75; old brick pavement relaid, 10c; 
new flags, 65c; old flags, 20c: new brick 
I avement on present foundation, $1.69; 
Charles Sillery, new curb, 75c; old curb, 
30c; brick pavement on 6-in. concrete 
foundation, $2; brick pavement relaid. 50c; 
brick pavement on present foundation, 
$1.64; new flags, $1: old flags. 30c: Harlem 
Contracting Co., new curb, 78c.: old curb, 
30c: asphalt on 6-in. concrete foundation. 
$2.78; asphalt on 2-in. cement foundation, 
$1.88: brick pavement relaid, 25c; new Hag 
walks. 85c; old flag walks. 18c: Sabino 
Guarino, new curb, 75c; old curb, 15c; 
brick pavement on 6-in. concrete founda- 
tion. $2.20; brick pavement relaid, 10c; new 
sidewalks. 60c: old sidewalks, 10c.: new 
brick pavement on present foundation, 

Akron, O. — Paving sections of Akron 
Hudson road: Section 1, B. McShaffrey & 
Son. citv. $36,682: Section 3, Wildes & 
Davidson, city, $63,264: section 5, Paul & 
Henry, Barberton, $106,652 


Vol. XXX., No. 2. 

Atlanta, Ga. Constructing Peachtree Creek disposal plant: 
Constr. <".... Atlanta; (o) Piedmonl Constr, •'<>., Atlanta; id) II 
Chattanooga, Tenn 

To mi « ihestei \ i tad . 
ird & \\"(«i m. New York, 

Brooklyn, N. v., other bidders: (b) NlcholB 
N, v.; hi Municipal Bngr. & Constr, Co., 

.1 ran li exca \ ation 
8,000 -li yd <• illed embankment 

.' 000 mm k excavation 

Grit i hambex (lump sum i 

Settling tanks (lump sunn 

Roui 1 1 inn j > sum) 

Machine s< reen house (alternative) 
I losing tanks I lump sum I 
Sprinkling filters (lump sum) 

Sludge bed (lump sum i 

(50 It. 18 in pipe 

9S0 ft. 12 in pipe 

50 it Mi in pipe 

•200 it 30 in pipe 

f t 21 in pipe 

100 H 8 in pipe 

100 ft o m pipe . 

ion a; \ d extra concrete 

5.000 11.. extra steel 

Laboratory building (lump sum) 


$0 . 7.? 

I oo 

2,750 00 
1 7,500 oo 
5,000 on 

'I. ,0(1 on 

5 . 30 

4 . 50 

3 . 50 

3 on 


2 5 








SO. 32 




1 .00 





' 1^0.00 


13,00)' I"' 


i 1,850.00 





6,497. 15 

4,400 nil 
























$0,4 76 









6,160 OO 

5 . 03 
















1 1,759.00 

16,181 .00 


128,51V on 








. 13 






Concord. Cal. -Plans will soon be pre- 
pared tor installation of eomplete sewer 

Los Angeles, Cal. — Bids will be received 
about .Ian. 15 by H. B. Ferris, Secretary 
Board of Public Works, for sewers in Wil- 
mington district. — Homer Hamlin, City En- 

Fort Morgan, Col. — City Engineer H. P. 
Oliver has prepared plans for installation of 
sewer in Fulton Heights; cost $7,328. 

Palatka. F la.— City will at early date lay 
4.000 lin. ft. 24-in. storm sewer. 

Sarasota, Fla.— Issuance of $20,000 bonds 
for sewerage and water works is being 

Athens, Ga. — Mayor Rowe has recom- 
mended extension of »ewerage facilities. 

Danville, Ind. — Citizens will vote Feb. 2 
on installation of sanitary sewer. 

Gary, Ind. — Bids will be received by the 
Board of Public Works for construction of 
sewers; 3.120 ft. of 60-in. brick sewer, 
2,055 lin. ft. of 36-in. brick sewer, 3,160 lin. 
ft. of 54-in. brick sewer, 3,320 lin. ft. 20-in. 
pipe sewer, 3,900 lin. ft. of 8-in. pipe sewer, 
6,540 lin. ft. of 24-in. brick sewer, 4 gutter 
inlets, 5 catch basins. 12 manholes. — Harry 
G. Moose, City Clerk. 

Madisonville, Ky. — Engineers Alvord & 
Burdick, 140 Dearborn St., Chicago, have 
been selected to prepare plans for $60,000 
sewerage system and purification plant. 

Lowell, Mass. — Mayor John F. Meehan 
has recommended loans for additional sewer 
and smooth paving work. 

New Bedford, Mass. — Mayor Ashley has 
recommended asking Legislature for per- 
mission to issue $300,000 bonds for new 

Gordon, Neb. — Citizens will vote Jan. 17 
on $4,600 bonds for installation of sewer 

Bridgeton, N. J. — Council has declared 
contract for building sewerage system for- 
feited and has instructed Engineer Clyde 
Potts to take necessary steps to have work 
finished either by city doing it itself or by 
new contract. 

Caldwell, N. J. — Mayor John Espy has 
recommended improvement to sewage 

Hasbrouck, N. J. — Mayor A. C. Austin is 
favorable to establishment of sewer sys- 

Hackensack, N. J. — Mayor Chas. W. Ball 
has recommended that matter of sewage 
disposal he taken up in near future. 

Plainfield, N. J. — Mayor W. V. Moy has 
recommended increasing of sewage disposal 

East Aurora, N. Y.— Installation of $100.- 
000 sewer system is being considered. — F. 
\Y. King, Buffalo, Engineer. 

Niagara Falls, N. Y. — Bids will be re- 
ceive about Jan. 17 for sewer in Ashland 

Rome, N. Y. — Mayor Kessinger will se- 
eure expert advice on construction of pro- 
posed sewage disposal plant. 

Wilmington, N. C. — Plans for a complete 
sewerage system have been submitted to 
State Board of Health by local Sewerage 
Commission; cost about $180,000. 

Akron, O. — E. D. Bradberry, Columbus, 
will prepare plans and specifications tot 
proposed sewage disposal plant. 

Bellefontaine, O. — Bids will be received 
Jan. 30 for $75,000 sewer bonds. 

Bryan, O. — Village is considering instal- 
lation of sanitary sewer system, including 
disposal plant. — Riggs & Sherman, The 
Nasby, Toledo, Engineers. 

Hominy, Okla.— Citizens have voted $36,- 
000 sewer and water bonds. 

Oklahoma City, Okla. — Citizens have 
voted $15,000 for enlarging sewer system in 
downtown district. 

Altoona, Pa. — Department of Health has 
recommended completion of Fourth District 

Grove City, Pa. — Bids will be received 
about March 1 for construction of sewers 
at cost of about $15,000.— L. E. Burnside, 
Borough Engineer. 

Pottstown, Pa. — Council has defeated mo- 
tion to employ engineer to make survey for 
proposed sewer system demanded by State 
Health Commissioner Dixon. 

Providence, R. I. — Mayor Henry Fletcher 
has recommended extension of sewage 
pumping plant. 

Watertown, S. D. — Council is considering 
construction of sewer on 2d St. 

Seattle, Wash.— Board of Public Works 
has approved specifications for trunk sewer 
in Virginia St. 

La Crosse, Wis. — City will lay number of 
sewers during coming year. 

Goderich, Ont., Can. — Ratepayers have 
passed by-law to raise $26,000 for building 
storm sewer. 


Trinidad, Col. — Building sanitary sewer 
on Chestnut St.. to John McEwan, 86c. per 
lin. ft. for excavation; $46 each for man- 
holes and" $10 for flushers. 

Washington, D. C. — Sewer work: Ana- 
costia, item 1, excavation; item 2. sewer 
brick and masonrv; item 3, 12-in. pipe: To 
Geo. Hyman, city, item 1, 49c; item 2, $13; 
item 3, 54c; Bureau of Engraving, sewer 
A. item 1, excavation; item 2. sewer brick 
masonry; item 3. 24-in. pipe; item 4, 21-in. 
pipe; sewer B, item 1 excavation; item 2, 
sewer brick masonry; item 3, 24-in. pipe, to 
same bidder, sewer A, item 1, 25c; item 2, 
$13; item 3. 90c; item 4, 90c; sewer B. 
item 1, 25c; item 2, $13; item 3, 90c; 
Langdon. item 1. excavation; item 2, sewer 
brick masonry; item 3, vit. brick masonry; 
item 4. concrete masonry D; item 5, 6-in. 
subdrain pipe; item 6. 24-in. pipe; item 7, 
21-in. pipe; to same bidder, item 1, 49c; 

item 2, $13; item 3, $20; item 4, $7; item 5. 
30c; item 6, $1.05; item 7, 95c; Tenleytown, 
item 1, excavation; item 2, sewer brick 
masonry; item 3, 15-in. pipe; item 4, 12-m 
pipe; item 5, 10-in. pipe; to W. F. Brenizei 
Co., city, item 1, 50c; item 2, $13.50; item 3. 
68c; item 4, 60c; item 5, 55c; Florida ave., 
item 1, excavation; item 2, brick masonry; 
item 3, concrete masonry D; item 4, 6-in. 
subdrain pipe; to same bidder item 1, 80c; 
item 2, $21; item 3. $7; item 4, 30c; Rock 
Creek, item 1, excavation; item 2, sewer 
brick masonry; item 3, vit. brick masonry; 
item 4, concrete masonry B; item 5. con- 
crete masonry C; to same bidder, item 1, 
$24; item 2, $20; item 3, $25; item 4, $15; 
item 5, $14. 

Keewatin, Minn.— To H. L. Bartlett Co., 
Virginia, for installing storm and sanitary 

Marble, Minn.— To H. L. Bartlett Co., 
Virginia, for installing sanitary sewers. 

St. Louis, Mo. — Constructing sewer in N. 
Harlem Joint district, to Herman Con- 
struction Co., 444 S. Theresa ave., $326,447. 
Hackensack, N. J. — Installing sewers in 
Richmond and Ethelbert aves., to Union 
Construction Co. 

Chester, Pa.— Sewer work, to Henry 
Pritchard, Central ave., $1,785.50; Flower 
St., $2,030; Ward St., $448.10; 9th St., $344.20; 
Edwards St., $4S1.50;. Pennell st., $669; 
Lloyd St., $1,335; to John Hanna & Sons, 
Academy St., $350.90; Edgmont ave., $505.40; 
22d St., $400.34; 20th St., $1,768 30; 5th St., 
$381.80; Broomall St., $370.50; Madison St., 
$275.80; Front St., $375.66; Potter St., $1,- 
475.75; Chestnut St., $1,631.50; No. 1, Inlets, 
to Henry Pritchard, $88 each; No. 2, inlets, 
to J. & J. Hanna, $86.89; grate top inlets, 
$83.39; No. 3, inlets, $71.17; grate top inlets, 
$70.27; to John J. Williams Co., to build 
36-in. iron pipe extension to Welsh st. 
sewer, $3,995. 

Duquesne, Pa. — Building sewer, to Wm. 
Jones, Carnegie, $37,500. 


Washington, D. C. — Construction of inter- 
cepting sewer on Rock Creek, between P st. 
and Military road, section 1, between P st. 
and Massachusetts ave.: (1) W. F. Breni- 
zer Co., city, (2) E. G. Gummel, city, (3) 
Alfonso A. Alfieri. Morgantown, W. Va., 
(4) Whiting & Middleton Construction Co., 
Baltimore, (5) B. F. Sweeten & Sons, city; 
ordinarv excavation (1) 77c, (2) 55c, (3) 
63c, (4) $2.29, (5) $1.50; brick masonry, (1) 
$14. (2) $14, (3) $10. (4) $20. (5) $20; vit. 
brick masonry, (1) $22, (2) $20, (3) $19.47, 
(4) $23.75, (5) $30; concrete masonry, "D," 
(1) $2.25, (2) $7. (3) $7.73, (4) S8.03, (5) $9. 

Baltimore, Md. — Sanitary Contract No. 
61, lateral sewers in District No. 40-C and 
Storm Water Contract No. 11: Sanitary 
Contract No. 61 -B, F. Sweeten & Son, 820 
Sharp st., $92,090; Wm. McCarthy & Co., 
1007 American Bldg., $94,737; Irwin Bros., 

New York, N. Y.-Bids opened Dec. 23 by Cyrus C. Miller, President Bronx Borough for constructing sewers in Walker and Benson 
aves. and other streets and avenues: (a) Vinton Contr. Co., 141 E. 125th St.. $75,689; (b) W. F. Murray 215 \V 125th sL, |^-229 (c) 
L. J. Moran, 562 Burnside ave., $71,898; (d) Geo. M. Dunn, $64,593; (e) Leahy Corttr & Constr Co 1446 Prospect ave., $66,934 (f) 
Stalwart Constr. Co., 5186 Bway., $76,049; (g) Melrose Contr. Co., 117 E. 125th St., $73 380; (h) Anita Constr Co., 397o Marion ave., 
$66,927; (j) Alamo Contr. Co., 215 W. 125th St., $67,480, and (k) A rmanna & Lyons, 8 Van Cortlandt ave., $fa8,448. 

667 lin. ft. concrete sewer. 32x44 in $12.00 

r 91 lin. ft. pipe sewer. 30 in 8.00 

1 ,922 lin. ft. pipe sewer, 24 in 5 . 00 

4 75 lin. ft. pipe sewer, 20 in 5.00 

1,143 lin. ft. pipe sewer, 18 in 4 . 00 

2,145 lin. ft . pipe sewer, 1 5 in 3 . 50 

7,452 lin. ft. pipe sewer, 12 in 2.75 

1 ,520 spurs for house connections 3 . 50 

138 manholes, complete 55.00 

34 receiving basins, complete 160.00 

1 ,100 in. yd. rock excavation 3 . 50 

25 cu. yd. Class B concrete 6.00 

100 M. ft. timber for foundations anil sheet 

ing, left in place .... 

Ode lb '■ in. steel bars in foundations .05 

loo lin fi 12-in. drain pipe ... 









$9 oo 








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6 00 


5 .00 



8 00 




6 00 









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5 . 00 




4 50 

3 75 


3 . 50 

3 . 50 

3 . 00 




4 00 

| no 


3 . 00 


3 . 00 


3 . 50 


2 50 

2. 7 5 

2 .70 










1 .00 




1 .00 

90 00 



55 .00 






too oo 


1 60 . 00 







2 75 

1 00 






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1 . 50 






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(O 00 




10 00 


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Sreenville, O., $102,088; David Peoples, 60 
Cnickerbocker Bldg., $103,658; W. H. & 
[ F. Thompson, $127,283; Rvan & Reilly, 
Lmerican Bldg.. $129,635; the Whiting-Mid - 
leton Construction Co., Sexton Bldg., $138,- 
93; Storm Water Contract Xo. 11, Wm. 
IcCarthy & Co., 1007 American Bldg., $14,- 
84; B. F. Sweeten & Son, 820 Sharp St., 
15,297; W. H. & C. F. Thompson, $15,845; 
;hreve & Caple, 848 Equitable Bldg., $16,- 
13; the Whiting-Middleton Construction 
lo., Sexton Bldg., $16,469; David Peoples, 60 
Lnickerbocker Bldg., $18,371; Ryan & 
teilly, American Bldg., $19,457; McCay En- 
Ineering Co., 9 East Lexington St., $22,378. 


Modesto, Cal. — Trustees Thede and 
Cnowles have been appointed as a com- 
littee to arrange with Engineer Clark to 
hange plans for water works from under- 
jround to an overhead system, including 
verhead tank of 80,000 gals, capacity on a 
ower 100 ft. high. 

Washington, D. C. — District Commis- 
ioners have ordered laying of additional 
rater mains in number of streets. 

Daytona, Fia. — Council is considering es- 
ablishment of water softening plant. 

Ocala, Fla. — Cost of installing water sys- 
em has been estimated at ;, 80,000; issuance 
f bonds being considered. 

Sarasota, Fla. — Issuance of $20,000 bonds 
or water works and sewerage is being 

Athens, Ga. — Mayor Rowe has recom- 
lended installation of plant for hypo-chlo- 
ide of lime treatment of water as sug- 
;ested by City Engineer Burnett. 

Joliet, III. — City Engineer Stevens is pre- 
>aring plans for pumping station to be 
>uilt at west side well. 

Mattoon, III.— City will construct $20,000 
iltration system. 

Wheaton, III. — City will install pumping 
lutfit, including concrete storage reser- 
voir, engines and central well. — A. L. Wet>- 
;ter. City Engineer. 

Vincennes, Ind. — Vincennes Water Co. 
vi',1 purchase quantity of water mains. 

Boone, la. — Bids will be received Jan. 18 
or bonds for additions and extensions to 
cater works. — K. C. Kastberg, City Engi- 

Goodland, Kan. — County Commissioners 
lave voted $10,000 to install artesian well. 

Patterson, La. — City is considering con- 
struction of water works; power to be fur- 
lished by F. B. Williams Cypress Co. 

Beverly, Mass. — Mayor Fred A. Dodge 
ms recommended investigation into manu- 
acture of cement lined pipe for water de- 

Woburn, Mass. — Mayor Hugh D. Murray 
ias recommended improvement of water 
system at cost of $200,000. 

Worcester, Mass. — Mayor Jas. Logan has 
•ecommended immediate action to develop 
Vsuebumskit water svstem. 

Flint, Mich.— Wm. G. Clark, Toledo, Con- 
sulting Engineer, will supervise construc- 
tion of proposed water works. 

Grand Rapids, Mich. — Xew pump will be 
Durchased by Board of Public Works and 
ae installed in new city pumping station as 
■eserve engine. 

Holland. Mich. — Board of Public Works 
is considering construction of $12,000 pump- 
ing station at 21st st. 

Duluth, Minn. — Council has passed ordi- 
nance for election in February on $300,000 
water and light bonds. 

St. Paul, Minn. — Assembly Committee on 
Streets has decided to report favorably on 
the resolution authorizing Water Board to 
issue $100,000 bonds for improvements and 

Worthington. Minn. — Citizens have voted 
$12,000 bonds for extension of water mains 
and erection of tank. 

Plattsburg, Mo. — City has selected Rollins 
& Westover. Beals Bldg., Kansas City, to 
prepare preliminary p'ans for water works 
and electric light riant: cost $50,000. 

Battle Creek. Neb. — Citizens will vote 
Jan. 15 on $10,000 bonds for construction of 
wa'er works. 

Gordon, Neb. — Citizens will vote Jan. 17 
on $12,000 bonds for installation of water 
works system. 

Omaha. Neb. — South Omaha Water Co. 
will erect storage reservoir, capacity 4,- 
000. ono gals., in spring. 

Caldwell. N. J. — Mayor John Espy has 
recommended municipal .vater supply. 

Elizabeth, N. J.— Mayor Alfred A. Stein 
has recommended municipal ownership of 
water works. 

Glen Ridge, N. J. — Mayor i^i'es W. Read 
has recommended municipal ownership of 
water system. 

Lyndhurst, N. J. — Citizens have voted to 
issue $25,000 bonds for extending water 
svstem. — J. F. Woods. Township Clerk. 

North Plainfield. N. J.— Mayor X. R. 
Smalley has recommended installation of 
public water plant. 

Perth Amboy, N. J. — Water Commission- 
ers are considering installation of 24 or 
30-in. water main to connect city with 
water works at Runyon; cost about $70,000. 
Plainfield, N. J.— Mayor W. V. Moy has 
recommended installation of municipal 
water works. 

South Amboy, N. J. — Mayor Michael A. 
Welsh has recommended necessity of pro- 
viding adequate supply of water. 

Hornell, N. Y. — Citizens have voted $100,- 
000 for water storage reservoir. 

Utica, N. Y. — Consolidated Water C». will 
install additional sterilization plant. 

Cincinnati, O. — Plans for sterilization 
plant at the California nitration station 
have been completed and work on the con- 
struction will soon be begun; Water Works 
Superintendent Laidlaw has estimated cost 
at $6,500. 

New Carlisle, O.— City has sold $20,000 
bunds for construction of water works sys- 

Sylvania, O. — Village is considering con- 
struction of water works. — Riggs & Sher- 
man, The Xasby. Toledo. Engineers. 

Youngstown, 6. — Council has passed or- 
dinance directing Director of Service to 
expend $23,000 for water works supplies. 
Delaware, Okla. — Citizens have voted 
00 bonds for construction of water 

Hominy, Okla. — Citizens have voted $36,- 
000 water and sewer bonds. 

Toledo. Ore. — Engineer D. J. Sidney will 
make preliminary survey for proposed 
water works system; $25,000 available. 

Lebanon, Pa. — Water Commissioners have 
recommended duplication of machinery at 
Hammer Creek pumping station, erection 
of dwelling house at Hammer Creek for 
engineers, building of fourth dam at South 
Mountain watershed and laying of terra 
cotta pipes to carrv water of streams in 
vicinity of dam Xo. 3.— E. H. Shroff, Super- 

Somerset, Pa. — Council has sold $10,000 
water bonds to Farmers' National Rank. 

Wyomissing, Pa. — Borough is considering 
issuance of $60,000 bonds for water works 
and electric light plant. 

Providence, R. I. — Mayor Henry Fletcher 
has recommended storage reservoir for 
city's water supply. 

Pierpoint. S. D. — Installation of water 
works system is being urged. 

Etowah, Tenn. — Prices are desired by 
Mayor T. F. Peck on deep well pumps. 

El Paso, Tex. — Installation of additional 
engine and pump to force water into city 
from Mesa pumping plant and sinking of 
eight new wells 14 in. in diameter is pro- 
posed by Superintendent of Water Works 
W. E. Race. 

Palacios, Tex. — City has asked bids from 
private parties for constructing and oper- 
ating water works. 

Polytechnic, Tex. — City is considering 
construction of $30,000 water works system 
— John Mead, Engineer. 

Trenton, Utah. — City is considering in- 
stallation of water works system. 

Seattle. Wash. — Council has passed reso- 
lutions for laving water mains in 12th ave 
X. W. and 25th ave. X. 

Lethbridge. Alta.. Can. — Preliminary sur- 
veys have been made for gravity water 
system: cost $880.000.— C. W. Arnold. City 

Harrison. Ont.. Can. — Citizens have 
passed by-laws for installation of water 

North Vancouver. B. C. Can. — City will 
expend about $40,000 during year in pur- 
chasing c.-i. pipe for proposed extensions. 

St. Catharines. Ont.. Can. — Ratepayers 
have voted $180,000 for instal'ation ff water 
main to increase pressure and supi ly. 


San Bernardino. Cal. — To J. Wm. Smith, 
for drilling well nmr I 'en is reservoir site, 

Winnetka, III. — Laying water mains on 
Laurel ave.. Fig and Lake sts.. to C. T. 
Bartlett ^J7 Greanleaf st . Evanston. $1,- 
747.— Windes <Sr Marsh. :<W Birch st., Engi- 

Mitchell. Ind. — Building water system, to 
S. S. Roy land. 

Ft. Cook. Neb. — Reservoir and well at 
post, to -I W. Turner Development Co., 
Des Moines, la.. $1 - 

Linccln, Neb. — Furnishing water pipe, to 
American Cast Iron 1 ipe Co.. of Birming- 
ham. Ala.; 205 tons 16 and 12-in. pipe. 
$23.55 per ton: 150 tons 6-in al $23.60, and 
7.". tons of i-in., $24.95 and .". tons specials, 
2%c. per lb. 

Newark, N. J. — Laying pipe line for fire 
protection at Hospital for Contagious Dis- 
eases, Soho, to Wm. H. Jacobson, $1,451.06. 

Oriskany Falls, N. Y. — C< nstruction 1 f a 
gr-avitv system of water works, consisting 
of 13,000,000-gal. reservoir, concrete dam. 

approximately 25, ft. of 12. 1". 8 and 6- 

in. pipe, 37 hydrants, 36 valves and all ac- 
cessories, material, tools and labor neces- 

sary to complete the system, to John riie- 
grist. I'tica, $26,794. 

Cincinnati, O. Furnishing 48-in. check 
valve to Water Works Department, to 
Rensselaer Valve Co., $1,047.50. 

Somerset, Pa.— To D. W. Rhoads, city. 
for construction of the pipe line from new 
well just north of town to reservoir, which 
is necessary in carrying out plans oi 
Engineer L. E. Chapin, of Pittsburg, foi 
enlarging water works; about 4,400 ft m 

Appleton, Wis.— To O'Keefe-Orbison En- 
gineering and Construction Co.- for building 
dam at Appleton to cost from $90, em, to 

Greybull, Wyo. — Building water works 
system, to Garrard Construction Co.. Sher- 
idan, $31,960. 


Hudson, N. Y.— Laying larger water main 
on Second st.: Harper, Javo & Kehoe, 
Quincy, Mass., $2.28, and Patterson & Ma- 
lone, city, $2.30; total, about $4,857. 


Murfreesboro, Ark. — Plans are being pre- 
pared by W. A. Fuller, 1616 Chemical Bldg., 
St. Louis, Mo., for power plant to be erect- 
ed by Pike County Water Co.; cost about 

Meridian, Cal.— Pacific Gas and Electric 
Co. is preparing to extend its power lines 
from this city to Colusa.— J. A. Britton. 
San Francisco, General Manager. 

Redding, Cal.— Fred. Dakin is interested 
in proposed installation of gas plant. 

Willow, Cal.— Board of Supervisors has 
granted franchise to Sacramento Valley 
Power Co., Redding, to construct and main- 
tain power line in Glenn County. 

Ventura, Cal.— County Supervisors have 
granted to Ventura Power Co. franchise to 
lay and maintain 36-in. reinforced concrete 
pipe line. 

Norwich, Conn. — Beard of Gas and E ec- 
tric Commissioners will install 750-kw 
steam turbo generator set and make other 
improvements to electric light plant; $35,- 
000 available. 

Fla. — Jacksonville Electru 
power house on Riverside 
Baldwin, Savannah, Ga., 

Co. will erect 
ave. — Geo. J. 

Kooskia, Ida.— F. J. Engelhorn has asked 
for franchise to supply electric lights and 

Pocatello, Ida. — J. A. Jones is consider- 
ing construction of $200,000 gas plant. 

Farmland. Ind. — J. T. Moorman and Ed 
Goodrich, of Citizens' Water and Light Co., 
Winchester, have closed contract with 
Town Council to furnish Farmland with 38 
electric street lights; also supply lights for 
all the residents and business men of Farm- 
land who want them; work on extension 
from Winchester will commence as early as 
; ossible. 

Iowa City. la. — The Cedar Rapids and 
Iowa Citv Interurban Railway Co. is plan- 
ning to expend $80,000 this year on im- 
provements; company will erect substation, 
also remove substation from Coralville to 
Xorth Liberty. 

Webster City, la. — Council will purchase 
site on Superior st. for erection of power 

Frankfort, Ky. — City has granted fran- 
chise to E. M. Wallace, manager Capitol 
Lumber Co., to construct electric light sys- 

Midway, Ky. — Citv is considering grant- 
ing franchise to E. M. Wallace, manager 
Capitol Lumber Co., Frankfort, to furnish 
city with electric light: system Is to be 
extended from Frankfort, distance 1 1 miles 

Springfield, Mass. — Mayor Edw. H. Lath- 
rop has recommended municipal ownership 
of gas and electric lighting systems. 

Escanaba, Mich. — Council has authorized 
Board of Public Works to secure site for 
erection of proposed city gas plant 

Iron Mountain, Mich. — L. Sterling and 
O. C. Davidson are interested in proposed 
erection of hydroelectric plant on Menomi- 
nee River. 

Duluth. Minn. — Citizens will vote in Feb- 
ruary i00 light and water bonds. 

Minneapolis, Minn. — Plant of the Minne- 
General Electric Co. has been de- 
stroy, d by fire and explosion. 

Minneapolis, Minn. — Mayor I C Haynes 
has recommended replacement of old-style 
gasi line lamps with incandescent lamp 
1 eads and burners, making of new contract 
for incandescent gas streel lighting and 
for electric lighting. 

South Stillwater, Minn. — Citizens have 
voted $5,000 bonds for improvement of 
lighting 1 lant and streets 

Tower. Minn. — Citizens will vot< on 1 •• •n-ls 
to erect power plant at Pike River Falls; 


Flatt.etM'rg. Mo.— Rollins & Westover, 
Beals Bldg.. Kansas City, are preparing 
preliminary plans for electri< light plant 

1V1 Ui\llL,i±-/\.L, JUUKlNftL /\l\U l^INUlIMliKK 

VOL. XXX., X, 

Peoacook. N. H. PenacuoU Pllectric 

C Is i onside. Ing extension <>f 
transmission line 

Camden, N. J. Mayor ("has. II. Bills has 
1 1 • ommi iuii d Instaliatii n of additional 
lights along main i horougbfare. 

South Amboy, N. J. Mayor Michael A. 
W« Mi has i , commendi a appointmenl ol 
committee to consider matter of municipal 
ili" 1 i i<- lighl plant 

Buffalo, N. Y.— Public Service Commis- 
sion ai Albany has granted Niagara ami 
Brie Power Co. ft Buffalo permission to 
Issue $510, bonds for Improvements. 

Watertown, N. Y. Public Service Com- 
mission has authorized Deer River Power 
Co. in exercise franchise granted in towns 
of Champion and Denmark. 

Hickory, N. c. The Water Power Elec- 
tric Co. lias selected Connell & Connell, 90 
West st., New Fork, as Chiel Engineers 
for construction of water power electrical 
plant.— Louis R. Abel, 258. liroadway, New 
Voil;, Resident Engineer. 

Hastings, Okla. — Prices on wire and poles 
are desired by Mayor J. A. Marley. 

Oklahoma City, Okla.— Oklahoma Street 
Railway Co. will erect addition to Belle 
Isle Power plant; will also enlarge substa- 
tion at Olie ave. and 2d st.— A. .1. Bemis, 
General Manager. 

Cottage Grove, Ore. — Citizens have voted 
to extend franchise of present electric light 
company for period of 25 years. 

Freewater, Ore. — Pacific Power and Light 
Co. will construct eight-mile electric power 
transmission line. 

Conneautville, Pa. — Application has been 
made to Council by newly organized com- 
pany for franchise to install electric light 
and heating plant. 

Lansdale, Pa. — The Montgomery Heat 
and Fuel Co. is planning to erect complete 

Wyomissing, Pa.— Borough is considering 
issuance of $60,000 bonds for electric light 
plant and water works. 

Watertown, S. D. — Definite plan for light- 
ing city is being urged by Manager Ferris, 
of light plant. 

Etowah, Tenn. — Prices are desired by 
Mayor T. F. Peck on insulated or bare 
copper wire. 

Fort Stockton, Tex. — Clay Bros.. San 
Angelo, have been granted franchise to 
install electric light plant. 

Wichita Falls, Tex. — Council has granted 
J. W. Culberson and associates 25-year 
franchise to supply natural gas. 

Morgantown, W. Va. — Morgantown and 
Dunkard Valley Railroad Co. is consider- 
ing plans for erection of power house. 

Walla Walla, Wash.— Practicallv whole 
of distribution system of Pacific Power and 
Light Co. south of Main st. will be rebuilt 
in near future, while system on other side 
of Main will also receive considerable at- 
tention and improvement. — YV. B. Foshay. 

Bowmanville. Ont., Can.— Sevmour 

Power and Electric Co., Ltd., has been 
granted franchise. 

Hespeler, Ont., Can. — Ratepayers will 
raise $4,000 for extension of electric light 
for street lighting. 

Kingston, Ont., Can.— Ratepayers have 
passed by-law for electric light improve- 

Waterloo, Ont., Can.— Ratepavers will 
raise $40,000 for electric light purposes. 


St. Augustine. Fla.— Lighting city, to St. 
Johns Light and Power Co., renewal. 

Belvidere, III.— Lighting streets for ten 
years, to Public Service Operating Co. 

Albany, N. Y.— To Wells-Boughton Co., 
Troy, fur construction of hydroelectric 
plant at Orescent Dam. $4u.!Hii. 

New York. N. Y.— Furnishing 500 posts 
for Tungsten rark lighting, to Elmer P. 
Morris Co.. 90 West st.: about one-half are 
for regular installations and rest of new 
type and will be used for lighting of trans- 
verse roads through Central Park. 

Defiance. O. — City has contracted with 
Defiance Gas and Electric Co. to furnish 
light fur 10 years; street lamps are to be 
at rate of $70 a year a lamp; commercial 
lighting i-- to be at rate of 9c. per kw-hour. 

Parksville. Tenn.— By Eastern Tennessee 
Power Co for electrical equipment for pow- 
er plant, tu Westinghouse Electric and Mfg. 
Co.. Pittsburg, Pa. 

Dallas, Tex.— To Dallas Electric Light 
and Power Co., to install and maintain 
decorative system of lighting on Elm st. 


Birmingham, Ala. Council lias author- 
ized purchase of l", new motor-driven fire 
hose wagons at cost of $65,000. 

Montgomery. Ala.*— Finance Committee 
has recommended erection of Are station on 

Mel lonOUgh st. 

Trinidrd, Col.— Fire Chief Robert A. 
Daughertj has recommended erection of 

tee s'aC. n i n nicth side, purchase of com- 
bination auto '-in mical and hose wagon, ca- 

pacitj 2,000 ft. of hose and 65-ft. aerial 
truck, also Installation of modern Are alarm 


Cartervilie, ill. Fire departmenl has 
bei ii organized. .1. .\| . P.iaim. Fire < 'Met'. 

Joliet. ill. police Chief McMasters has 
■ • i ommended purchase of auto. 

St. David, III. Town is considering pur- 
chase of chemical lire engine. 

New Albany, I nd.— Finance Committee is 
considering $2,500 appropriation for erec 
tion and equipment of red house in Sev- 
enth Ward, 

Burton, Kan.- City is considering pur- 
chase of tire engine, 

Chicopee, Mass.— Mayor S. B. Fletcher 
has recommended purchase of motor-driven 
vehicle capable of serving as pumping en- 
gine and hose and chemical engine com- 

Fall River, Mass. Mayor lliggins lias 
recommended placing of all fire alarm 
wires underground and installation of more 
fire alarm boxes. 

Gloucester, Mass. - Mayor Patch has rec- 
ommended Durchase of auto combination 
wagon for fire department 

Maiden, Mass. — Mayor Fall has recom- 
mended auto chemical for Maplewood and 
auto for Fire Chief. 

Waltham, Mass.— Mayor E. A. Walker 
has recommended purchase of auto chem- 
ical and auto for Fire Chief. 

Worcester, Mass — Mayor Jas. Logan is 
favorable to auto fire apparatus. 

Manchester, M. H. — Mavor E. C. Smith 
has recommended purchase of modern, 
prcperly equipped aerial truck. 

Bayonne, N. J.— Mayor John J. Cain has 
recommended erection of fire house. 

Belleville, N. J. — Township is considering 
need of motor fire engine. 

Caldwell. N. J.— Mayor John Espv has 
recommended establishment of fire alarm 

Camden. N. J. — Mayor Chas. H. Ellis has 
recommended location of fire house in 
Eleventh Ward for combination hose and 
chemical wagon, auto being favored: instal- 
lation of light steamer at present east side 
house and auto for Chief. 

Elizabeth, N. J.— Mayor Alfred A. Stein 
has '-ecommended erection of fire station 
in Eleventh Ward; also ne«- home for 
company in Station No. 6 on Magnolia ave. 
and house in city yards, High and Port 
sts.. for Engine No. 3 and additional truck 

Englewo.od, N. J.— Chief Engineer Emile 
Rush has suggested need of auto fire en- 

Glen Ridge, N. J.— Mayor Giles W. Read 
has recommended new headquarters for 
fire department. 

Hackensack, N. J. — Mayor Chas. W. Bell 
has recommended better equipment of fire 
fighting apparatus in Mercer st. fire house; 
auto apparatus favored. 

Hasbrouck, N. J. — Establishment of fire 
alarm system is being considered. — A. C. 
Austin, Mayor. 

Jersey City, N. J. — Architect Robert B. 
Morrison has submitted tentative plans for 
fire headquarters to be erected on Merseles 
st. at cost of $250,000, including site. 

Roselle Park, N. J.— Mayor Geo. H. 
Horning has recommended installation of 
fire alarm system and purchase of com- 
bination chemical hose cart. 

Roselre, N. J. — Mayor Chas. W. Macquoid 
has recommended need of equipping fire 
department with modern apparatus. 

Somerville. N. J. — Purchase of combina- 
tion wagon is being considered. 

South Amboy, N. J. — Mayor Michael A. 
Welsh has recommended that hook and 
ladder company be provided with hose car- 
riage and sufficient quantitv of hose. 

Trenton, N. J. — President Chas. G. Cook. 
of Fire Board, has recommended erection 
of fire house and extension of fire alarm 

Albany, N. Y.— City will try out gasoline 
propelled chemical and hose wagon: pur- 
chase of auto for Chief of Fire Bureau is 
being considered. 

Bath, N. Y. — Village Trustees have de- 
cided to purchase 1,000 ft. of hose and rub- 
ber gloves and coats. 

Elmira, N. Y. — Fire Commissioners have 
approved plans for erection of fire house on 
Roe ave. 

Endicott, N. Y. — Fire house, cost $20,000, 
will be erected next spring. 

Hornell. N. Y. — Citizens have voted $36.- 
"i" 1 iiii- erection of central fire house sta- 

Mt. Vernon, N. Y. — Plans by Architect 
'Stickles have been accepted for erection or 
$10,000 fire bouse on 6th ave. 

Syracuse, N. Y. — Mayor Edward Schoe- 
neck has recommended that central fire 
alarm system he installed. 

Voorheesville. N. Y.- -Erection of tire sta- 
tion is in ing considered. 

Elyria, O. — Purchase of combination 
chemical auto engine and hose wagon and 
erection of fire house is being considered. 
Norwalk, O. — Council is considering n ad 
vertising for bids for proposed (ire truck. 

Old Fort, O.- Fire hi use will be erected 
.■mil necessar; apparatus installed. 

Altoona, Pa. Flie Chief T. u Ailemanl 
has recommended purchase of eomblnatiJ 

' h( mical engine and hose motor car, a utu 
'<"• Chief, l ft. ni :"■• -in. 

COttOn hose and turret pipe. 

Catasauqua, Pa. Pile station will be 

erected at cost of $7,01)11. 

Lebanon, Pa. Fire Alarm Superintendent 
s. .\. Burkholder has recommended addl 

iii nal and better equipment for cit 
hie alarm apparatus, including 
biiai d ami automatic repeater. 

Stowe, Pa. West laid Fire Co. will pur- 
chase 500 it. of hos< 

Pawtucket, R. I.— Mayor Giles \V. 
terbrooks has recommended changing of 
i I' nl hose wagon into motor-driven ap- 

Providence, R. I.— Mayor Henry Fletcher 
has recommended extension of underground 
system of lire alarm sen Ice 

Chattanooga, Tenn.— Board of Public 
\\ oi ks will at once ask bids for repairs to 
Whiteside st. fire hall. 

Clarkston, Wash.— Fire department has 
been organized.— Geo. Bursell. Chief. 

Olympia, Wash.— City is considering erec- 
tion of two-story concrete fire station and 
city hall. 

Seattle, Wash.— Board of Public Works 
has approved specifications for fire house 
at Hillman City. 

Toppenish, Wash.— Fire station will be at 
once erected on east side. 

Collingwood, Ont., Can. — Ratepayers have 
voted to erect fire hall and install modern 


Rochester, N. Y.-To Standard Under- 
ground Cable Co. for 2,000 ft. of 20-conduc- 
tor cable for fire department, $556, and for 
2,500 ft. of 8-conductor cab.e, $357.50. 


Los Angeles, Cal. — Ivory B. Noble, Coun- 
ty Surveyor, has completed plans for bridge 
across Arroyo Seco at Garvanza, connect- 
ing with Lincoln Park-South Pasadena dis- 

Jacksonville, Fla.— Board of Public Works 
has authorized City Engineer to advertise 
for bids for construction of a reinforced 
concrete bridge across Hogans Creek, on 
East Bay st., to replace the present wooden 
structure; $2,500 available. 

Batavia, III. — State Highway Commission 
has prepared plans for erection of bridge at 
Wilson st. 

Kansas City, Kan. — Engineer Kenneth 
Hartley, 349 Greeley St., will prepare plans 
and specifications for Mill and 18th st. 
viaducts. — Otto Anderson, Commissioner of 
Public Works. 

Boston, Mass. — Council has passed $10,000 
loan order for preliminary work on pro- 
posed Chelsea north bridge. 

Dedham, Mass.— City has awarded $7,740 
bridge and street bonds to Adams & Co. 

Ashland, Neb. — Construction of bridge 
over Platte River is being urged. 

Toledo, O. — Council has instructed Chiel 
Engineer to supply estimate as to cost of 
rebuilding the old Cherry st. bridge at Ash 
and Consaul sts. 

Philadelphia, Pa.— Survey Bureau has 
completed plans for widening of Chestnut 
st. bridge; $90,000 available. 

Philadelphia, Pa.— City has appropriated 
$25,000 for bridge repairs. — Geo. Stearns, 
Commissioner of Public Works. 

Pittsburg, Pa.— County Consulting Engi- 
neer E. M. Bigelow has recommended erec- 
tion of bridge and tunnel from 1st and 
Ross sts. to Bell Tavern; cost about $2,- 

Reading, Pa.— Berks County Court has 
approved recommendation for bridge across 
Schuylkill River between Reading and 
West I leading. 

Fredericksburg, Va. — Supervisors of 
Spotsylvania County have decided to build 
bridge over Hazel Run and over Massa- 
panox Run, on road leading from here to 
Spotsylvania Courthouse; bridges will be 
eit her concrete or steel. 

Chippewa Falls, Wis. — Plans will be pre- 
pared for erection of $35,000 bridge. 


Red Jacket, Minn.— Building concrete 
bridge, to .Marsh Engineering Co., Des 
Moines, la.. $12,650. 

David City, Neb. -Bridge construction in 
COUntj fur year: Wooden bridges, to Ne- 
braska Construction Co., Lincoln: cement 
culverts, to Wilson Reinforced Concrete 
Co., Nebraska City; metal culverts, to Ne- 
braska Culvert Manufacturing Co., Wahoe 

Hastings, Neb. To Standard Bridge Co., 
Omaha, for county bridge contract for year, 

Youngstown, O.— Bridge with steel .joists 
over Powers River for County Commission- 
ers, to Hunter Construction Co., city, $18.- 

NUARY 11, I9II. 




Gadsden, Ala. — Etowah County will con- 
fer er.ecuon of jail. 

Arkansas City, Ark. — Desha County is 
insidering election of addition to court 
>use. — C, H. Halley, Judge. 
Los Angeles, Cal. — Dennis & Farwell, 
irrier Bldg., will prepare plans for erec- 
>n of sub-police station on Boyle Heights. 
Petaluma, Cal. — Citizens have voted $20,- 
bonds for purchase of Kenllworth Park. 
San Jose, Cal. — Park Commissioners will 
;k lot bond issue of $125,t'00 for following 
lprovements: Hath house, two new 
•idges, septic tank, development of new 
ineral springs and of general water sup- 


Bridgeport, Conn. — Council is considering 
05, 0U0 bond issue for erection of hall of 

Bridgeport, Conn. — Board of Park Com- 
issioners has asked for following appro- 
bations: Playground paraphernalia, $2,- 
5; improvements at Beardsley Park, $1,- 
0; miscellaneous, $13,000. 
Bridgeport, Conn. — Police department has 
ked for $40,000 appropriation for purchase 
site and erection of police station at 
est End. 

Waterbury, Conn. — Mayor Wm. B. 
otchkiss has recommended issuance of 
0,000 bonds for remodeling of city hall. 
Waterbury, Conn. — Superintendent of 
irks George C. Walker has recommended 
imber of improvements to park system, 
eluding playground in Brooklyn district 
id swimming pool in western section of 


Athens, Ga. — Mayor Rowe has suggested 

ection of city stockade and necessity of 

ty park. 

Chicago, III. — Committee on Bathing 

:aches and Recreation Piers will urge 

10,000 bond issue for improvements. — 

dermen Theo. K. Long and W. P. Dunn 

e interested. 

Mishawaka, Ind. — City will advertise for 

Is in near future for police alarm system. 

Harvey Frick, Chief of Police. 

Portland, Ind. — County Commissioners 

ill consider erection of court house. 

Cambridge, Mass. — Citizens have peti- 

>ned for establishment of municipal hos- 

tal for caring for sick poor. 

Lawrence, Mass. — Mayor Cahill has rec- 

nmended city hall, police station and re- 

;f hospital. 

Lowell, Mass. — Mayor John T. Meehan 

is recommended purchase of land for 

lall playgrounds in congested centers. 

Lynn, Mass. — Police Chief Burckes has 

commended purchase of auto chemical 

id touring car for Inspectors; also remod- 

ing of police station. 

Maiden, Mass. — Mayor Fall has recom- 

ended use of some dust-laying prepara- 

:>n on streets. 

New Bedford, Mass. — Mayor Ashley has 

commended petitioning of Legislature to 

sue $35,000 bonds to build and equip city 

ill, systematic tree planting, creation of 

lblic landing place and recreation pier, 

ipairing of railings and better lighting of 

ew Bedford and Fair Haven bridge and 

lmediate equipment of lately secured 


Northampton, Mass. — .Mayor Calvin Coo- 

ige has recommended erection of city hall. 

Quincy, Mass. — Major Win. T. Shea lias 
recommended development of city's 27 miles 
of water front. 

Sandwich, Mass. -Town hall will be re- 
modeled at cost of $3, 'mhi. 

Somerville, Mass. — Mayor Chas. A. Burns 
has recommended auto wagons for police 
depart ment. 

Taunton, Mass.— Mayor Woods lias rec- 
ommended erection of public comfort sta- 
tion near Taunton Green. 

Wlnthrop, Mass. — City will receive bids 
.(an. 11' for $5,000 playground bonds. 

Cloquet, Minn. — Erection of modern two- 
story city jail is being considered. 

Minneapolis, Minn. — Mayor J. C. Haynes 
has recommended establishment of poor 
house, erection of separate building for con- 
tagious diseases, erection of wing to City 
Hospital and alterations to old part; also 
building of branch and central library 

Minneapolis, Minn. — Alderman John 
Peterson is urging establishment of mu- 
nicipal ice house. 

St. Paul, Minn. — John Nolen, Landscape 
Architect, Cambridge, Mass., is preparing 
plans for elaborate city plan arrangement; 
Municipal City Plan Commission and City 
Club will carry on work. 

Manchester, N. H. — Mayor E. C. Smith 
has recommended, erection of house of de- 
tention for women. 

Bayonne, N. J. — Mayor John J. Cain has 
recommended removal of ashes and garbage 
by contract. 

Burlington, N. J. — Mayor Chas. P. 
Farmer has recommended creation of small 
city park. 

Caldwell, N. J Mayor John Espy has 

recommended establishment of public park 
and better methods for garbage disposal. 

Garwood, N. J. — Citizens will vote Feb. 
18 on $5,500 bonds for erection of borough 

Jersey City, N. J. — Architect Robert B. 
Morrison has submitted tentative plans for 
police headquarters to be erected on Mer- 
seles st. at cost of $250,000, including site. 

Jersey City, N. J. — Hudson County Park 
Commission has adopted plans for improve- 
ment of North Bergen site, providing for 
spacious playgrounds, many miles of drives 
and gravel walks, a large lake, a small pond 
and observation pavilion. 

Newark, N. J. — Mayor Haussling has 
again recommended comprehensive study of 
general topography and layout of city with 
view to replanning of streets wherever 

Roselle, N. J. — Mayor Chas. W. Macquoid 
has decided to appoint committee to take 
up question of better plan for disposal of 
ashes and garbage; also recommended ad- 
visability of placing street signs throughout 

Trenton, N. J. — Grounds and Buildings 
Committee of Park Board has been di- 
rected to receive plans and bids for public 
comfort station in Cadwalader Park. 

Batavia, N. Y. — Plans have been com- 
pleted by City r Engineer Wentworth for 
garbage crematory. 

Buffalo, N. Y. — Bids will soon be asked 
for constructing sections 3 and 4 of Buffalo 
River improvement.- — Louis P. Fuhrmann, 

Kingston, N. Y.-- Mayor Rosco Irwin has 
recommended erection of building to house 
apparatus of police and street departments. 

Hougnkeepsie, N. Y. — Mayor Sague ha* 
recommended Cleaning of paved streets by 
means Of Hushing machine. 

Rochester, N. Y. James A. Salter, archi- 
tect, has presented to Mayor li. 11. Edger- 
ton plans for street paralleling Main st., for 
new city hall on Church st., for bridge 
across river and for a union trolley station 
over river bed at Central ave. 

Syracuse, N. Y. — Mayor Edward Schoe- 
neck has recommended that $100. U0U to be 
provided by bond issue be allotted to I 'ark 
Commission for permanent park improve- 
ments and that playgrounds be provided 
for children in congested district. 

Charlotte, N. C. — Crematory has been de- 
stroyed by fire. 

Hamilton, O.— Geo. E. Kessler, Land- 
scape Architect, Kansas City, Mo., has 
made offer to prepare plans for construction 
of proposed $1,000,000 civic center. 

Oklahoma City, Okla. — Plans will be pre- 
pared by Alex. Potter, New York, N. Y., 
for proposed garbage disposal plant. 

Port Clinton, O. — Citizens will vote early 
in February on erection of $25,000 city hall. 

Newport, R. I. — Mayor Patrick J. Boyle 
has recommended establishment of play- 

Providence, R. I. — Mayor Henry Fletcher 
has recommended rebuilding of Wonasqua- 
tucket River walls and establishment of 
more city playgrounds. 

Pawtucket, R. I. — Mayor Giles W. Easter- 
brooks has recommended establishment of 
public docks, erection of comfort station 
and erection of police station. 

Highmore, S. D. — Plans are being pre- 
pared by Black Hills Co., Deadwood, for 
erection of $75,000 stone court house. 

Fort Worth, Tex. — Police Commissioner 
Geo. Mulkey is favorable to establishment 
of municipal store room; also erection of 
levee to protect water plant. 

Norfolk, Va. — Controllers are having 
plans drawn for lodge house at Forest 
Lawn Cemetery. — A. Eberhard, Architect. 

Olympia, Wash. — City is considering erec- 
tion of two-story concrete city hall and fire 

Goderich, Ont., Can. — Ratepayers have 
voted to build municipal building. 


San Jos6, Cal. — To Henshow, Bulkley & 
Co., to furnish sanitary street flushing ma- 
chine, $910. 

Rochester, N. Y. — To Selden Motor Ve- 
hicle Co. for automobile for City Engineer 
Fisher's department, $1,600 and old machine 
now in use in department. 

Philadelphia, Pa. — Removing garbage for 
year, to Penn Reduction Co., $570,000. 


Akron, O. — Furnishing auto for Chief 
Mertz: Kanawa Chemical Co., Kanawa, 
Pa., bid $4,750; turned down because it was 
not accompanied by certified check; Auto 
Garage, city, $2,875. and the Webb Motor 
Company, $2,950. 



Los Angeles, Cal. — Board of Super- 
sots has instructed the Highway Com- 
ission to take immediate steps towards 
lishing the harbor boulevard. 
Atlanta, Ga. — Council has adopted resolu- 
on instructing Chief of Construction to 
;cure cost of widening Peachtree st.; also 
considering $18,500 appropriation to pave 
arietta st., and resolutions for paving por- 
ons of 11 streets. 
Chicago Heights, III. — City is considering 

000 sq. yds. vit. brick paving. — A. L. Fox, 
ity Engineer; J. C. Mote, Mayor. 
Mandeville, La. — Council has adopted 
inquette ordinance, which requires lian- 
jette on Lake st. and in the business por- 
on of town to be paved with bricks, shells 
: cement work; work will be commenced 

1 Marigny ave. at early date. 

New Orleans, La. — Plans have been sub- 
itted for installation of subsurface drains, 
irbs, gutter bottoms, etc., and the paving 
! North Cortez st., St. Louis to Toulouse 
., with granitoid. 

Portland, Me. — Estimates of cost will be 
nished for grading Seaside ave. and pav- 
lg Franklin st. with granite blocks. 

Laurel, Miss. — Mayor Noble has recom- 
lended substitution of other material for 
ooden walks. 

Cape May, N. J. — County Freeholders will 

be asked to build country road from Green 
Creek to Goshen. 

Collingswood, N. J. — Highway Committee 
has been instructed to make a thorough 
inspection of all thoroughfares with view of 
determining which are most in need of im- 

Millville, N. J. — Mayor W. Fred Ware has 
recommended paving of streets. 

Cincinnati, O. — City Engineer Shipley has 
reported total cost of the wood block im- 
provement of Ohio ave. as $28,478.97; also 
submitted approximate estimate for paving 
with brick, Beldare ave., Tower to Vine 
sts., $8,796. 

Montpelier, O. — Special election will 1" 
held .Ian. 31 to vote on proposition of issu- 
ing bonds for paving; Riggs & Sherman, 
Engineers, Toledo, have furnished an esti- 
mate for paving two principal streets at a 
cost of from $50,000 to $70,000. 

Chester, Pa. — Property owners on Parker 
St., between Third and Filth sts., have de- 
cided to petition Council to' resurface 
roadbed of that thoroughfare with fll- 
bertine paving material. 

Hazleton, Pa. — Council has passed ordi- 
nance for paving North Pine st. from Broad 
to Holly. 

Houston, Tex.— Council has received 
petitions tor shelling Hardy ami s.iea sts. 

Sherman, Tex. — Citizens will vote on 
$10,111111 bonds lor street improvements. 

Everett, Wash. — Board of Public Wks. 
will ask for bids for improving Hoyt ave. 
and Fair ground district; also for purchase 
of 50,000 ft. of lumber for Street Depart- 

Seattle, Wash. — Council has decided to 
pave University st., Ellicott ave. and Olym- 
pic way, also bridge roadway on Twenty- 
third ave. West. 

South Bend, Wash. — Council will consider 
paving of Water st. : distance IV2 mi. 

Spokane, Wash. — Board of Public Works 
has rejected bids for paving Wall st.; cost, 
about $52,000; no bids were received for 
grading, curbing and sidewalking Bine 
Court: cost about $1,830. 

Pasco, Wash. — Council will consider pa\ 
ing of business district. 


Cincinnati, O. — Improving Elmore st. with 
brick, to Win. P. Flynn, $2,784.55; David st. 
with asphalt, to Kerschner Construction 
Co., $::, 

Chehalis, Wash.— To W. J. Murphy, Ta- 
coma, for construction of nearly 10 miles 
of sanitary sewerage .in southern and 
eastern portions of City, $51,258 for a vitri- 
fied system. 


Spokane, Wash. — Paving with granitoid 
concrete Bernard st.. Pacific to 8th ave.. 



Vol. XXX., Nc 



Rbcbivbd Until 

Nature op Wokk 


\V ashington Spokane, 

Iowa . Tori Dodge 


J. in 16, 2 p.m Imp. Wall st. by grade, curb and paw J. C. Argall. Secy. Bd. Pub. Wks 


Jan 13 1:30 p.m.... Cunstr. drainage (list No. 4.S. corripr 700 It of X-ft tile J. L. Hanrahan, County Auditor 


Washington . . . Spokane Jan. 20. 2 p.m Furn. 1,950 lin. ft. 8-in. water pipe and 9,600 ft. 16 in. pipe John Gifford, City Purchas. Agt 


Kentucky Louisville Jan. 24, 2 p.m Erect 64 fire hydrants Chas. Cronan. City Clerk. 


California Oakland Feb. 1, 11 a.m Excavating for City Hall, grad. ath. field and park lands and 

around fire alarm building J. W. Nelson. Secy. Bd. Pub. Wks 

Washington. . . . Spokane Jan. 20, 2 p.m Furn. one auto propelled comb, police patrol and ambulance. . John Gifford, City Purchas. Agt 

and Boone are., Pearl to Division St., Jas. 
Fife and Fife Bros, lowest bidders, $37,500 
on Bernard job and $11,744 on Boone ave. 
work; City Engineer's estimates, $36,900 
and $11,600, respectively; R. C. Blome & 
Co., holders of the granitoid concrete pat- 
ent, bid $41,200 and $12,600 on two con- 
tracts; Boyngton, Church & McCoy sub- 
mitted bids on both these jobs, but they 
were rejected for reason that bids were 
made on condition that the city save bid- 
der harmless from damages which might 
be claimed by Blome Co. for infringement 
of patent; Bernard St., $40,500; Boone ave., 
$11,6(10: grading, curbing, parking and side- 
walking Lacey St., 29th to 33d ave., Inland 
Engineering Co., $6,550; Naylor & Norlin, 
$6,589; estimate $6,550; paving 8th ave. 
with brick, Cannon to Chestnut St., James 
Fife, $4,352; estimate was $3,550; sewering 
Maine ave., Cedar to Ash st.. G. Burgie, 
$3,050: no bids were received for grading, 
curbing and sidewalking Bine Court from 
Bine st. to Crestline St.; estimate $1,530. 


Atlanta, Ga. — Council has adopted resolu- 
tion instructing Chief of Construction to 
make surveys of streets in Tenth Ward 
that are without sewers and outfalls and 
to estimate cost. 

Lexington, Ky. — Mayor Skein has recom- 
mended construction of main sewer in 
southeastern portion of city at cost of 

Portland, Me. — Estimates of cost will be 
furnished for sewering Stevens ave. and 
Belknap st. 

McComb City, Miss. — Dr. Louis D. Dick- 
erman, Chairman Board of Health, has rec- 
ommended immediate installation of sewer 

Glasgow, Mo. — Burns & McDonnell, 
Scarrett Bldg., Kansas City, are prepar- 
ing plans for sewers and water works, 
cost $35,000; bond issue declared legal. 

Lestershire, N. Y. — Beard of Trustees 
will consider extension of East Main st. 

Watertown, N. Y. — Board of Public 
Works has passed a resolution ordering 
plans and specifications for sewer in Grove 
and Moulton sts. 

York, Pa. — Dr. Bennett, Chairman, Sani- 
tary Committee, has recommended early 
completion of sewerage system and $10,000 
appropriation annually for sewer work. 

Corpus Christi, Tex. — Engineer F. H. 
Lancashire, Houston, will supervise con- 
struction of proposed sewer system; cost, 

Corsicana. Tex. — Construction of sewer 
system to Truehart S. Jackson, San An- 
tonio, $16,433.30; other bidders: Collins 
Bros.. Houston. $19,588; Dallas Lime and 
Gravel Co., Dallas, $18,440; H. W. Card- 
well, Mena, Ark., $18,450; Tarrant Con- 
struction Co ; also bid. 


Fort Smith, Ark. — Council plans to levy- 
tax to raise funds for purchase of water 
plant, franchise of operating company hav- 
ing expired; plant valued at $442,000. ' 

White City, Kans. — Plans and specifica- 
tions are being prepared by Burns & Mc- 
Donnell, Scarritt Bldg., Kansas City, Mo., 
for municipal water works and lighting 
plant; approximate cost $25,000. 

Glasgow, Mo. — Plans and specifications 
are being prepared by Burns & McDon- 
nell, Scarritt Bldg., Kansas City, Mo., 
for water works and sewers costing ap- 
proximately $35,000; bond issue has re- 
cently been declared legal. 

Cape May, N. J. — By Council, to John W. 
Corson, Jr., for erection of 50,000-gallon 
stand-pipe for water works. 

Akron, O. — Water Expert F. A. Barbour 
has been employed by city r at expense of 
$8,500 to prepare plans for new water 
works plant and to make estimate of cost 
of old water plant. 

West Telford, Pa.— Council has granted 
the Telford Water Company permission to 
construct and operate a water system in 

Polytechnic Heights, Tex. — City Com- 
mission has instructed Clerk Valentine to 
secure plans for construction of water 
works plant. 

Sherman, Tex. — Council has decided to 
call election on $22,000 bonds of extension 
of water mains and improvement of pump- 
ing plants. 

Pasco, Wash. — Council will consider dis- 
tribution of water to outlying districts. 

Snohomish, Wash. — Council has passed 
ordinance to adopt the plans to extend 
city water system by bringing water by 
gravity from the mountains; plan 
provides for dam on the Pilchuck, 
16 miles from the cily, and laying of 
81.000 ft. 14-inch pipe line to city; sys- 
tem calls for 1,500,000 gallons a day of pure 
mountain water to be placed in two reser- 
voirs, one now in use and one to be built 
fifty feet higher to accommodate residents 
of hill district. Cost, $110,000; bond election 
will be held Jan. 24. Engineer C. H. Green, 
Spokane, . engineer in charge of survey. 


Gloucester, Mass. — To L. E. Smith Com- 
pany, to supply Department with car load 
of one and two-inch pipe, $1,189.70; other 
bidders:- Raymond, Dow & Company, Bos- 
ton, $1,198.40; J. H. Cunningham Co., Bos- 
ton, $1,202.50; L. E. Andrews & Company, 
city, $1,190.50; George Uhler, Boston, $1,248; 
W. H. Gallis & Company, Boston, $1,354.66; 
A. P. Stoddart & Company, city, $1,192.50, 
and Walworth Manufacturing Company, 
Boston, $1,192.50. 


Auburn, Cal. — Offer to install new sys- 
tem of street lighting has been made to 
City Trustees by Frank Bell, manager of 
Bell Electric Company; proposed to do 
away with present arc lights and put in 
Tungsten lights, one on each pole along 
the streets, system to cost between $4,000 
and $5,000. 

Fairbury. Neb. — Burns & McDonnell, 
Scarritt Bids.. Kansas City. Mo., are pre- 
paring plans for electric light and water 
works improvements; bonds sold; cost 

White City, Neb. — Burns & McDonnell, 
Scarritt Bldg., Kansas City, Mo., are pre- 
paring plans for municipal lighting and 
water works plant; cost $25,000. 

Weiner, Tex. — Weiner Water, Light, Ice 
and Cold Storage Co., Wm. Hillje, presi- 
dent, will take over, enlarge and improve 
local electric light plant. 


Oakland, Cal. — Furnishing and installing 
in the new fire alarm building at Thir- 
teenth and Oak streets relay and tape in- 
struments as part of fire alarm equipment, 
to Gamewell Company, $2,312. 

Lexington, Ky. — Fire Chief Jesse has re- 
commended erection of two fire stations, 
each equipped with motor comb, wagons; 
also purchase of first-size fire engine, self- 
hoisting 75-ft. aerial truck, preferably ol 
motor type, and quantity of hose. 

Millville, N. J. — Mayor W\ Fred W T are has 
recommended better apparatus for firemen. 

Trappe, Pa. — Fire Company has been or- 
ganized by election of W. F. Rushong as 


Bridgeport, Conn. — Mayor Buckingham 
will be authorized to appoint committee to 
make all necessary arrangements for and 
to have charge of erection of bridge across 
Pequonnock River at East Washington ave. 

Atlanta, Ga. — Finance Committee is con- 
sidering appropriation of $10,000 for pur- 
chase of lands to be used in construction 
of viaduct across railroad tracks at Bell- 
wood ave. and $60,000 for building span 
across tracks and approaches. 

Dallas, Tex. — To Missouri Valley Bridge 
and Iron Co., for construction of the Wil- 
mer, Hutchins and Malloy bridges across 
Trinity River, by the County Commission- 
ers* Court; $41,780. 


San Jose, Cal. — Chief of Police Kidder is 
considering installation of police "flash- 
light" signal and telephone system through- 
out business section of city. 

Atlanta, Ga. — Finance Committee is con- 
sidering erection of city prison; old stock- 
ade to be sold. 

Lexington, Ky. — Mayor Skain is favor- 
able to erection of proposed police station. 

Holyoke, Mass. — Police Department has 
recommended installation of police signal 
system and purchase of auto patrol wagon 

Kingston, N. Y.— Plans have been pre- 
pared for erection of building on O'Reilly 
st. for storage of city apparatus. 

York, Pa. — Dr. Bennett, Chairman, Sani- 
tary Committee, has recommended erection 
of municipal abattoir. 

Marlin, Tex. — Council has decided to in- 
stall garbage crematory after plans sug- 
gested by State Health Officer Brumby 


Louisville, Ky. — Placing street intersec- 
tion signs, to E. L. Winston & Co. 

Lucedale, Miss. — To Hull Construction 
Companv. Jackson, to build the George 
County Court House and Jail, $33,296. 



Gooseneck Headquarters 


* or lead flange, in from one GET OUR PRICES BEFORE PLACING ORDERS 

> to eight braneh. GlaUbCf B^SS Mfg. CO. ClCVCland 

Municipal Journal 

And Engineer 


NEW YORK, JANUARY 18, 191 1 

No. 3 



'ity Planning to Have the Finest Park. System in the Country — Now Constructing the Kingshighway, a 
Parked Boulevard Connecting All the Large Parks — Details of Plan for This 

The City of St. Louis is well provided with small parks, there 
eing fifteen or more of less than ten acres in area, seven of 
lore than ten and less than one hundred acres, three of be- 
^een one and three hundred, and one, Forest Park, containing 
,372 acres. A considerable part of these have been in posses- 
ion of the city for a great many years, some of them since 
812 and all but three of those mentioned since before 1900. 
'he total park acreage is approximately 2,200 acres, of which 
bout 350 acres is in charge of special commissions. These 
arks are well scattered thoroughout the central part of the 
ity, which is located along and near the bank of the Mississippi 
iver, at a bend in the same. West of the business part of the 
ity, extending from the river on the north to the river on the 
outh, is a section of city in which there are few parks, one of 
:hich is the large Forest Park of 1,372 acres. The four large 
arks referred to are scattered at fairly uniform distances in a 
ne just west of the central section of the city, and it is pro- 
osed to add still another park of about 100 acres in the same 
eneral line. 

The nearly 2,000 acres included in the larger parks are to b( 
united into a park system by a new fifteen-mile boulevard known 
as the Kingshighway. This boulevard extends from a 160-acre 
park — O'Fallon Park — four miles north of the court house, and 
swings around through the principal residence district and four 
to six miles back from the river, and, continuing to the southern 
end of the city, swings again to the east and ends in a small 
park on the Mississippi river bluff known as Riverside Park, 
more than five miles south of the Court House. 

Most of the land needed for Kingshighway has been acquired, 
sufficient being obtained to give the boulevard a width varying 
from 100 to 350 feet through its entire length. Most of the 
boulevard is through streets already existing, and over a large 
part of its length it is necessary only to widen and continue the 
thoroughfare and lay out the parking scheme. Land damages 
have already been paid aggregating $602,960. with the report of 
the court still to be heard from on several sections which it is 
sought to condemn. Contracts have been let for bridging, plant- 
ing, grading and paving to the amount of $485,715, this pTovid? 
ing for the southern portion of the highway. 



Vol. XXX., No. 3 

One of tlie features, and the most expensive section, of the 
boulevard is a monumental reinforced concrete viaduct nearly 
half a mile long spanning several railroad tracks. The contract 
for the construction of this has been awarded, amounting to 
$336,380, this not including the filling of the approaches. The 


Wmj ' *,,,,,,u,,»,,~r-. T Ti JU,t,tl,l~ x:r . v . f .,,>.> .ll .UIJt»*Hmr . 




viaduct is tb take the place of an old wooden one now being 
torn away, which was both unsightly and dangerous. Th< 
new structure is to be entirely of concrete, except for the stee! 
reinforcing bars, the wood block paving and granite curbing 
There are to be three main spans designed to act as a single 
elastic system and resting upon three concrete piers and con- 
crete abutments. The bridge is designed and guaranteed tc 
stand a maximum load of 24 tons on one wheelbase. 

Besides the civil engineering problems to be overcome, th< 
highway has required a vast amount of "diplomatic engineering,' 
for the original scheme of building the thoroughfare as a "boule 
vard" had to be abandoned because of the excessive amount 
which the city would have had to pay. A bond issue of $500,00: 
was authorized by the people to pay the city's portion of the cos 
of this improvement. When Mr. James C. Travilla, the preseni 
Street Commissioner, assumed that office and looked into th< 
matter he found that, while this sum might pay the city's share 
of the improvement considered as a street, it would pay but 2 
small part of what the city would be required to pay for the 
same if opened as a boulevard, since the city charter exemptec 
all property from assessment for the construction of boulevard; 
except that immediately adjoining the same, while the cost oi 
opening the streets could be assessed upon an entire district 
It had been the plan to assess the cost of widening the boule- 
vard against adjoining property, but it was found that the 
widening which was desired in some of the streets would cui 
off such a large proportion of many of the lots adjoining thai 
there would not be enough left to assess any considerable 
amount of damages against. After long delay Mr. Travilh 
succeeded in having ordinances passed by the Municipal As- 
sembly abandoning the boulevard plan and authorizing- the 
original plans to be carried out as if the highway was; ar 
ordinary street. In this way the financial difficulty caused b) 
the charter provision referred to was gotten around and the 
cost of the work is now being assessed against property "ir 
the benefited district." It is the plan to construct a boulevard 
and add the necessary dignity after the expenses are paid 
which can be done by legislation restricting traffic on the high- 

Plans for the parking, etc., are being prepared by George E 



i— ~JZ 1 

( v 


<5o 'o ' 


- 35 'o" 


j.-5'4 9' --4- 6-- 


ANUARY l8, 191 1. 




Kessler, city landscape architect. The contracts awarded for 
he southern sections, known as Kingshighway Southeast, show 
1 cost for grading and planting of from $1.97 to $3.02 per front 
foot. The first (most southerly) section, from Riverside Park 
Compton avenue, 1,500 feet, is to have 138 avenue trees, with 
10 shrubbery. The next section, Compton to Grand avenue, 
>,8oo feet, is to have 464 avenues trees, and 1.278 and 211 trees 
n the parking spaces between the two driveways. The cost of 
the parking in the first section is to be $345, and the grading, 
f6,500. Parking the second section is to cost $2,221, and the 
grading, $8,000. 

A great variety of trees and shrubs are being used. Nine 
different kinds of trees and more than a score of different kinds 
of shrubs are provided for the two sections named, birch, ash. 


maples of different kinds and pin oak, Carolina poplar and 
American white elm being the trees that predominate. Other 
sections show a similar variation. Mr. Kessler's plan groups 
similar trees and shrubs, with changing but harmonizing var- 
ieties, along the parking spaces between streets with few single 
or scattered trees. Thirty-five groups are used in the parking 
space between Compton and Grand avenies. 

St. Louis is ambitious to have a system of parkways and 
boulevards that will set new world records. So far its park 
area does not exceed 2,500 acres, excluding public school parks. 

private parks, places, etc. All but about 500 acres will be con- 
nected by the Kingshighway, and two extensions which are 
proposed and are likely will be carried out soon will tie to the 
system about 300 acres more of that. At the present time no 
two of the 28 parks (including three in the water-works reser- 
vation) are connected by direct parked thoroughfares. The 
movement for more parks, connecting and circling boulevards, 
and a better general city plan, has resulted in the organization 
of The City Plan Club, and a bill is pending in the Municipal 
Assembly to create a City Plan Commission. The Civic League 
has been working for a long time on the civic betterment of 
the city and is still an active factor in the movement. 

At the general election last November a proposition was 
submitted to the people to create a park and boulevard reser- 
vation district, taking in 250 square miles. This was defeated 
but will be voted on at the election in November, 1912. This 


plan included two long boulevards encircling the city on the 
west, forming approximate arcs of circles with radii of 10 and 
16 miles respectively around the city hall as a center. Several 
park reservations also were included in the plan, which was to 
have been worked out by a commission to be appointed, had the 
proposition carried. The funds for the work were to have 
been provided by a small tax. The main purpose of the plan is 
to preserve in their present natural beauty many park and 
boulevard sites. 

An additional boulevard is planned for the city, independent 
of the proposed outer-park plan. It is to be known as the 
River des Peres Boulevard, and consists of an approximate 
circular arc lying just within the city limits and seven or eight 
miles from the city hall. The plan is to change the crooked 
course of the River des Peres to approximately that of the 
boulevard, and to divert to the sewer which is now being con- 
structed the sewage which is contaminating the river, the clear 
water being taken care of in an open channel, which will be 
paralleled by a driveway on either side. Connecting bridges 
are to be provided at cross streets, and parking spaces are 
planned to beautify the banks of the stream. 



Since publishing in our January 4 issue a list of cities which 
have adopted commission government, we have received a letter 
from the secretary of the Short Ballot Organization, stating 
that since preparing that list they had examined all the charters 
of the cities named therein and had found it desirable to revise 
the list because of "drawing a closer definition of what con- 
stitutes commission government.'' This revision includes the 
following changes: Omission of the cities of Bristol, Clarks- 
ville and Etowah, Tenn. ; Charlotte, N. C. ; El Paso and Waco, 
Tex. : Riverside, Gal., and St. Joseph, Mo. Also the addition 
to the list of Clarksdale. Miss.; Harbor Beach, Mich.; High 
Point, X. C. ; Moline, Rock Island and Springfield. 111.; New- 
port, Ky., and Terrell, Tex. Taunton. Mass., and Roswell. 
N. M.. were included in the revised list, but as haying a 
government which the investigators of the Short Ballot Organi- 
zation defined as a modified commission government. 



Vol. XXX.. No. 3 


A Preventive for Repeating Mistakes in Municipal Gov- 
ernment and Work What Some Cities Have Done 

Municipal Reference Librarian, Baltimore, Md„ Chairman Com- 
mittee on Municipal Reference Libraries, Nat'l Municipal 
League. Paper before 1910 Convention of the League. 

The question of securing good, efficient municipal govern- 
ment is one of the biggest problems confronting the American 
people of to-day. The people are awakening to the fact that in- 
efficiency, poor laws and mal-administration result in high 
taxes, poor service and unsanitary conditions. They real- 
ize as never before what efficiency and poor laws really cost 
the community. Some of this cost is, of course, due to vicious 
and incompetent officials, but the greater part is due to ignor- 
ance, both on the part of the citizens and the officials. Honesty 
and sincerity on the part of municipal officials are not the only 
qualities needed to make our municipal governments what they 
should be ; it is also necessary to have efficiency, and efficiency 
can only be secured, even with the ablest men at the helm, by a 
thorough knowledge of the facts and conditions relating to each 
and every question which comes up for consideration. 

Every one admits that our city governments need improving, 
that efficiency is woefully lacking, but the difficult problem is 
how to secure efficient government. Experience has demon- 
strated that the best and ablest of officials have made mistakes. 
Many of these mistakes have been due to lack of knowledge. 
There has been too much self-complacency in the administra- 
tion of city affairs, each city trying to solve certain problems 
or undertaking municipal enterprises regardless of the experi- 
ences of other cities. As a matter of fact, the officials of one 
city rarely know about the experiences of other cities. The 
result is that nearly every city goes through the same experi- 
ence, and a dear one it has been. Instead of first seeing what 
other cities have done, how they have solved or tried to solve 
the same problems, the administration of each city and to a 
great extent each successive administration of the city under- 
takes to carry out certain preconceived notions, whether prac- 
tical or not, and every one is familiar with the evil consequent 
results. It is a well-demonstrated fact that civilization is based 
on past experiences, and the failure of municipal government is 
largely due to the fact that our city governments do not profit 
by the past experiences of other cities. 

During the past few years efforts have been made to im- 
prove the legislation of some of our States by means of 
Legislative Reference Bureaus. It may be. said that these 
efforts have passed the experimental stage and that these 
bureaus or departments have been successful. Such depart- 
ments have been of great benefit to members of the Legislature 
and to administrative officials who have tried to give their best 
services to their respective communities. The idea has spread 
until to-day such bureaus, in one form or another, are to be 
found in Wisconsin, Xew York, Ohio, Indiana. Pennsylvania, 
Rhode Island, Connecticut, Massachusetts, California, North 
Dakota, Michigan, Iowa, Montana, Alabama and Nebraska. 
The advantages to be gained by such departments were so ap- 
parent that the question occurred to some whether the same 
idea could be applied to cities with beneficial results. It would 
seem more essential to have such departments for cities than 
for the States, since so many matters vitally affecting the lives 
of those who reside in cities depend upon the city government. 
The water supply, milk supply, police and fire protection, 
schools, lighting, transportation and all other necessities requi- 
site to life in cities are absolutely dependent upon municipal 
officials, and if the city government is inefficient, if the funds 
for the several municipal functions, or for any one of them, are 
improperly, unwisely or imprudently spent some other depart- 
ment must suffer for lack of funds and unsanitary conditions 
follow or proper school facilities, police or fire protection, etc., 
•a anting. 

It may seem a small matter that $10,000 is squandered here, 
$50,000 there, etc., but the continued practice of this kind soon 
bears fruit, for it means that some essential or meritorious 
function is being neglected. Fifty thousand dollars appropri- 
ated to try some worthless experiment or $100,000 wasted in 
the purchase of city supplies, $200,000 for salaries for clerks 
not needed, either means that the health department, the schools 
and playgrounds, the police, the fire department or care of de- 
linquent children will not get some needed appropriation or 
that an extra burden is put on the taxpayers, the result fre- 
quently being both. 

What can be and should be prevented, however, is the re- 
peated waste. It is perfectly proper for a city to try some new 
experiment if there is a prospect of success and if there is a 
reasonable hope that conditions can be improved by it. But 
there is not only no excuse, it almost seems criminal, that one 
city after another should try the same thing after it has been 
shown to be impracticable, harmful or useless. There might 
have been excuse for such a condition before the advent of the 
railroad, the telegraph and the telephone, but under present 
conditions there seems absolutely no excuse for it. It is not 
claimed that our city officials are criminal or that they do not 
desire to give good government, but their ignorance of what 
other cities have done or are doing makes ' progress slow and 
unduly expensive. 

Recognizing this condition and impressed by the good results 
following the establishment of Legislative Reference Bureaus 
in several of the States, the National Municipal League in 
1909 appointed a committee to report upon the feasibility and 
desirability of municipal reference libraries. The first work 
of the committee was, of course, to learn what was being done 
along this line, either by special legislative reference or mu- 
nicipal reference libraries, and inquiries were made of the 
librarians of the public libraries in all cities having a population 
of 50,000 or over. The replies indicate that there is almost 
complete unanimity as to the great need for the establishment 
of municipal reference libraries, but there was not the same 
unanimity as to how this should be done. The committee feels 
that these replies are strong evidence of the need of such 

Nearly a score expressed the opinion that the municipal refer- 
ence library should be located in the City Hall as a branch of 
the public library. Some were of the opinion that such a col- 
lection would be almost as useful in the public library build- 
ing, but in these cases it was stated that the library was in 
very close proximity to the City Hall. Nearly all expressed the 
opinion that a municipal reference library should be under 
the control of the public library because it would make the 
maintenance and administration less expensive and would also 
be likely to keep them out of politics. 

There are at the present time only three purely municipal 
reference libraries maintained at public expense, viz., those of 
Milwaukee, Kansas City, Mo., and Baltimore. The Baltimore 
library, called the Department of Legislative Reference, was 
created in 1906 by act of the Legislature and went into operation 
January 1, 1907. The Milwaukee library was created by ordi- 
nance soon after this and only within the past few months 
Kansas City has passed an ordinance creating such a library. 
Both of these follow very closely the law creating the Balti- 
more department. The board in Baltimore is composed of the 
Mayor, City Solicitor, President of the Johns Hopkins Uni- 
versity, President of the Municipal Art Society and the Presi- 
dent of the Merchants' and Manufacturers' Association; and 
that of Kansas City of the Mayor, President of the Com- 
mercial Club, President of the Industrial Council, President of 
the Kansas City Bar Association and the President of the City 
Club. The public library of Minneapolis has only quite recently 
established a municipal reference section as a part of the 
library. This is the first case in which a public library has 
undertaken this work and it will be quite interesting and valu- 
able no doubt to watch the development of the work there. 

The Civic League of St. Louis submitted certain recommen- 
dations to the Board of Freeholders now drafting a proposed 




:harter for the city, and among these was one for the establish- 
nent of a municipal reference library. At the present time 
he matter is being considered by the officials of the public 
ibrary and it seems quite probable that St. Louis will soon 
lave such a library, cither as a branch of the public library or 
is a separate department of the city government, as is the case 
n Baltimore, Milwaukee and Kansas City. Boston and Chi- 
:ago have had statistical bureaus for several years, but there 
s at present some agitation for establishing a municipal refer- 
nce library in Chicago, and this may mean a merging of the 
•resent Bureau of Statistics with it. There is also a Bureau of 
statistics and Information in Newark, N. J., the bureau being 
inder the direction of the City Clerk. The chief objection to 
he latter is that the bureau is subject to political changes, 
ihich may interfere with its efficiency in the future. 

The Universities of Wisconsin and Kansas have established 
nunicipal reference bureaus to furnish information to all the 
ities of those States. A Bureau of Municipal Research has 
lso been established quite recently by the Finance Commission 
if Boston. Its main purpose is to collect information for the 
"inance Commission and to examine and study the city depart- 
ments of Boston with a view to municipal improvement. The 
xtent of the work will depend upon the attitude of the City 
Zouncil in making appropriations. There is also a municipal 
eference bureau in Los Angeles, but in this case the bureau is 
;nder private auspices and management. 

The question of establishing a municipal reference library is 
lso being considered in Cleveland and steps will probably be 
aken in the near future with this end in view. Efforts have 
lready been made to secure such a library in Washington, 
). C, as a part of the public library, but Congress failed to 
nake a sufficient appropriation for this at the last session. 
t is stated that the Board of District Commissioners realize 
he value of having such a bureau and hope to secure an ap- 
ropriation for it. 

That there is need for some such organization or depart- 
nent as the municipal reference library for the collecting, 
ollating and filing of information on municipal, social, politi- 
al and economic questions is apparent to every one who has 
ver given any thought to such questions or has tried to find 
>ut anything about his own or any other city government. 

In the consideration of this question, the committee has been 
onfronted with the proposition as to whether such libraries 
hould be separate and distinct departments as in Baltimore, 
Milwaukee and Kansas City, or whether they should be under 
he control of the public libraries, and if the latter, whether in 
lie public library itself or as a branch in the City Hall. The 
uestion of the qualifications of the head of such a bureau as 
/ell as the methods of his selection was also given careful 
onsideration, for it was felt that these two points were vital 
o the success of the movement. Another very important fea- 
ure considered by the committee was the scope of the work of 
nunicipal reference libraries; in other words, the functions of 
uch libraries. 

After careful deliberation the committee has reached the fol- 
owing conclusions : 

1. That municipal reference libraries should be established in 
.11 large cities. 

2. That, as a general rule, such libraries should be under 
he control of the public library. 

3. That such libraries should be located in the City Hall 
fhere feasible. 

4. That the qualifications for the head of such a library 
hould be a liberal education, with special training in political 
cience, economics, municipal government and methods of or- 
;anization and administration, and he should be selected for 
nerit alone. 

5. That the head of the municipal reference library be 
elected by that method which, in the particular city, will, 
inder the local conditions there prevailing, tend most com- 
)letely to eliminate political censiderations. In some cities the 
nost satisfactory results may be obtained by lodging the ap- 

pointing power with the public librarian or library trustees. In 
other cities conditions may make it advisable to have appoint- 
ment made by a select, impartial and non-political board. 

6. The functions of the library should not be restricted to 
any particular phase of work so long as that work relates only 
to the collecting, collating, compiling and disseminating of data 
or information. Of course, the principal work will be concern- 
ing municipal questions and special efforts should be made to 
secure such information for the city officials who are responsi- 
ble for the administration of the city's affairs; but to be of the 
greatest value such a library must undertake to furnish infor- 
mation to the public generally. Such a bureau will be used 
extensively by the press and this is one of the best ways of 
reaching the public. Social, civic and improvement associations 
will also frequently have occasion to use such a library and its 
value to a city cannot easily be overestimated. If the bureau be 
under the control of the public library it would seem advisable 
to, issue a bulletin containing interesting comments for news- 
paper purposes and showing how the reference library can be 
of assistance to officials and to the public as each matter of 
general interest gets the center of the stage. 

It would also be expected that the reference libraries tear up 
and file all helpful things together— all the information possible 
on each particular subject, so that when one wants to know 
what has been said, for example, about the health department, 
police department, etc., it will not be necessary to go over 50 
or 100 volumes. 

The head of the library should by all means maintain a neu- 
tral attitude on all questions, for the very moment he begins to 
advocate or oppose any measure or proposition he will begin to 
make less effective the work of his department. He must not 
make it possible for any one to say that he is collecting infor- 
mation because of any personal bias of his own. His only 
interest should be to secure the data and let the facts speak 
for themselves. 

In reaching these conclusions we were aware that conditions 
existed in some cities where better results might be had by the 
establishment of separate and distinct bureaus, but where this 
is done we cannot urge too strongly that the department be 
placed under the control of a non-political board. If such 
libraries become subject to political patronage they are likely 
to become not only useless, but really harmful. Unless they 
can be inaugurated under conditions which will keep them out 
of politics it would be better not to have them. 

In presenting the above recommendations the committee real- 
izes that such libraries of themselves will not bring about an 
immediate reform in city government nor will efficiency in 
municipal administration follow as a necessary result of their 
establishment. But it is respectfully submitted that such a 
library would be a valuable instrument or agency in the efforts 
to make our municipal governments more business-like and 
more efficient. The library will not of itself do away with the 
abuses which exist, but it will furnish the means whereby such 
abuses can be lessened, for it will be able to supply the date 
and the knowledge which are essential to all good government. 

The Civic League, of St. Louis, in recommending such a 
bureau to the Board of Freeholders in February of this year 
[1910] made the following statement: 

The value of comparative data in dealing with municipal 
questions can hardly be overestimated, especially when so many 
new problems arc constantly arising. A department of this kind 
would prevent many ill-advised measures now advanced from 
becoming laws and would often save the city an actual loss by 
preventing the passage of ordinances which have proven un- 
satisfactory in other cities. 

An officer, whose duty it will be to keep in touch with munici- 
pal movements everywhere and be ready to supply the infor- 
mation to those who are charged with making the laws and 
administering them, should, we believe, be provided for in the 
new charter. 

Speaking at a conference of city officials and others soon 
after the organization of the Baltimore bureau, President Rem- 
sen, of the Johns Hopkins University, made the following 
statement apropos of the work inaugurated by that bureau: 

s 4 


Vol. XXX., No. 3 

It may fairly be said that that nation which makes most use 
of the scientific mettiod is the most advanced nation, taking 
everything into consideration, and in the long run that nation 
will outstrip the others. 

1 hat the industries are dependent upon the cultivation of the 
sciences is well known. Innumerable striking examples of this 
could be given. It can also be shown that in the study of the 
problems of government, whether these problems are those of 
a municipality, of a State or of a nation, the scientilic method is 
of vital importance. What this method is may be summed up 
in a few words. It is that method which proceeds in the most 
sensible way to solve problems. Whenever a wise man has a 
problem to deal with he first endeavors to find out what the 
facts are, and, after he has learned the facts, he proceeds to 
action ; his conclusions are drawn from the knowledge of the 
facts. That is the scientific method ; that is the only sensible 
method of going to work in any field, whether it be the field of 
nature, of business or of government. Progress in its broadest 
sense is due to the use of this method. 


A crematory has been in use for more than three years 
at Houston, Tex., and another of practically the same de- 
sign, which is known as the "Thompson," in Austin, Tex., 
which is highly spoken of by the Mayer and the City En- 
gineer. It is said to destroy all the refuse, including small 
dead animals, in the center of a well-built section of the city, 
without any objectionable effects. It is described by the 
makers as follows: 

The furnace consists in the main of a vertical cylindrical 
combustion chamber which, by a series of three grates, is 
horizontally divided into four different compartments. The 
lower compartment is the ash-pit, which is provided with a 
clean-out door, through which the ashes are removed and 
by which also air can be admitted. For this purpose special 
air regulators are also provided. 

The second compartment is the room between the sec- 
ondary and main grate. Here the cinders and ashes which 
have passed the fires above and have dropped through the 
main grate are reburned before they finally pass into the 
ash-pit, and therefore absolute combustion must take place. 
This chamber is also provided with all the necessary regu- 

The third compartment is the room above the main grate. 

and, as the name implies, the hottest fire is maintained here 
on this grate. Stoke holes, air inlets and clean-outs are 
also provided here. 

The fourth compartment is the room above the water- 
tube grate, and this compartment is connected with the 
chimney, which is built directly over it, thus securing the 
best possible draft conditions. 

The furnace is charged through the feeding chute, which 
empties above the water-tube grate. This grate is so ar- 
ranged that it holds the garbage like a basket and allows it 
to drop on the main grate only after a preliminary drying 
has taken place and after the more bulky materials have 
been partly reduced. In this manner any clogging of the 
main fire is most effectively prevented, and odorless com- 
bustion is possible at all times. 

The water-tube grate is connected with a water tank, 
which is located under the charging floor, and a free circu- 
lation of the water through the tube grates is accomplished. 
All the steam generated in the tubes accumulates in this 
tank, and, if necessary, sufficient steam can be drawn from 
it to drive a fan or blower. If no use is made of the steam 
it will either escape through a steam pipe connected with 
the chimney or it can be condensed by a small condenser 
and the water can be thus saved. The water grates are so 
constructed that they can easily be cleaned in all parts, all 
main connections of same being located at the outside of the 

The Thompson crematories are built of two strongly re- 
inforced concrete walls, with an air space between, and 
heavily lined with firebrick. The chimney is of reinforced 
concrete, built according to the Weber system. Air isola- 
tion chambers are provided to protect the outer concrete 
walls against excessive heat from the furnace within. All 
manholes, stokeholes, air regulators, charging chute, grates, 
dampers, water tanks, etc., are made of cast or wrought 
iron, as best adapted for their purpose. 

The operation of the crematory is very simple. After a 
small fire has been started on the main grate with easily 
combustible materials, selected from the refuse, the plant is 
charged through the ohute. Care must be taken to have 
the water tank filled before starting the fire, in order to pre- 
vent burning of the tube grates. 

On the water tubes the garbage, etc., is suspended until it 
is dried and sufficiently charred to fall through them di- 



Januaky 18, 1911. 



rectly upon and into the main fire, where it is fully con- 
sumed. The cinders falling through the main grate are re- 
tained on the secondary grate below, and only after they 
are completely incinerated can they pass into the ash-pit. 

Tin cans, bottles, wire, iron, flower pots and similar ma- 
terials are taken from the garbage by the man on the charg- 
ing floor and thrown directly into the ash pile. 

Three men are necessary for operating a twenty to thirty 
ton crematory. One of these men, who acts as foreman, 
should have some intelligence and must understand the op- 
eration of the plant in every detail. The two others can be 
common laborers, as their work consists only of feeding the 
furnace, removing the ashes, stoking, etc. 

In view of the fact that the garbage is dried on the upper 
grate, from which the gases pass directly up the chimney, 
one familiar with garbage cremation would not expect the 
odors to be destroyed before reaching the air. 


Importance of Aggregate Too Often Overlooked - — Protecting 

Road by Cushion Coat — Grades of Oil Used in 

St. Louis for Surface Treatment 

In a paper before the American Association for the Ad- 
vancement of Science, Mr. James C. Travilla, Street Com- 
missioner of St. Louis, called attention, among other things, 
to the importance of more care in selecting the aggregate for 
broken stone roads with bituminous binder than is frequently 
employed. In this connection he said: 

In the construction of bituminous roads and pavements I 
am of the opinion that a great many bituminous materials, when 
properly used, may prove entirely satisfactory, but that the use 
of these same cementing products may result in complete failure 
if the mineral matter has not been suitable. Not only may the 
cementing properties of most bitumens be lost by the use of too 
much mineral dust, but, whether oil, asphalt, tar or pitch be 
used, it is fully as essential to study the character of the avail- 
able mineral matter as it is to determine the nature and char- 
acter of the bitumen to be used. 

Experience has shown that the life of an asphalt or bitulithic 
pavement depends as much upon the character of the aggregate 
as it does upon the cementing bitumen, and this theory holds 
good in the formation of a bituminous concrete or a bituminous 
wearing surface for a macadam road. 

Different bitumens vary in their ability to penetrate the min- 
eral matter. Coal tar products possess a penetration property 
not usually found in oil asphalt cements ; moreover, in using 
these last in the construction of a bituminous macadam road, 
it is necessary that the stone be free from dirt to secure proper 
adhesion, but with the coal tar products this precaution is not 
so essential. In a broad sense, however, mineral dust is about as 
objectionable as moisture in the construction of bituminous 

The life of a bituminous road or pavement depends as much 
upon the wearing qualities and the grading of the mineral 
matter which forms the roadway surface as it does upon the 
adhesive and cohesive properties of the bitumen. A soft lime- 
stone wearing surface of a bituminous macadam road, provided 
the road be constructed according to the generally accepted 
practice of placing the larger stone on the bottom, will not 
prove a success if subjected to heavy traffic. If the process of 
construction be reversed, however, good results may be obtained, 
since crushing strength varies as square of the lineal dimen- 
sions. . . . The life of the road may be increased by a cush- 
ion coat of fine mineral matter to absorb the impact of the calks 
of the horses' shoes and to lessen the abrasion caused by steel 
wagon tires. 

Concerning the road oils in common use Mr. Travilla stated 

as follows : 

The statement that certain heavy road oils on the market 
"carry" a certain per cent of asphalt does not mean much to a 
road engineer familiar with their use. It is admitted that the 
greater the per cent of asphalt, the better the oil for the work; 
but an oil carrying sufficient asphalt to have adequate adhesive 
and cohesive properties for making a bituminous concrete or 
bituminous wearing surface is other than what is ordinarily 
sold for the purpose. Such an oil-asphalt product could not be 
handled in the tank cars now in the service of the oil com- 
panies, since they do not possess the necessary steam coil 
capacity to raise the temperature sufficiently high for success- 
ful handling. 

St. Louis has specifications for four grades of o:( for surface 
treatment, and from careful study of results during the past 
three years I am fully satisfied that there is place for each 

The grades of oil used are as follows : 

No. 1 — Residuum oil having a gravity of 30 deg. Be., is 
applied cold, and is used on cinder roads ?r.d for the purpose 
01 giving life to the surface of a road that has previously b*en 
treated with a heavier product and is becoming dusty. Being 
merely a dust layer, it should not be considered as having any 
binding properties. 

No. 2— Residuum oil having a gravity of 20 deg. Be., is 
applied hot, and is recommended for park roads and roads that 
are not main arteries of travel. 

No. 3 — Residuum oil having a gravity of 16 deg. Be., is 
a j plied hot, and is used on the main thoroughfares having a 
mixed traffic, and acts as a temporary binder for the mineral 

No. 4 — An oil-asphalt compound having a gravity of 12 deg. 
Be., is applied hot, and is recommended for any type of road, 
since it simply forms a binder for the mineral matter which 
actually bears the traffic. 

In the use of all the grades of oil referred to, with the excep- 
tion of No. 1, there should be a covering of mineral matter, 
uniformly distributed over the surface of the oil to a depth of 
from one-eighth to one-half inch, depending upon the amount 
and gravity of the oil applied. 


The Report of the Water Works Department of the City 
of Minneapolis for the year 1909 contains several sugges- 
tions worth considering by superintendents of other plants. 
Among these is a method of cleaning large water mains 
without opening the street surface. During .the year there 
had been some leaks in the main supply pipe leading from 
one of the reservoirs, which had become cracked in two 
places, probably owing to the settlement of the pipes. One 
crack was 14 inches long and the other 23 inches long, each 
being in the bottom and on the bell end of a 42-inch cast- 
iron pipe. The cracks were repaired by fastening ^-inch 
steel plates on the inside of the pipe with tap screws. Ac- 
cess to the interior of the pipe for this purpose* was had 
through a manhole. This method of repairing the pipe 
from the inside saved considerable expense for excavating 
to the pipe, which at this point had been laid some 25 feet 

The two reservoirs were emptied and thoroughly cleaned, 
during the year, of about two years' deposit of clay. The 
average depth of the deposit was probably less than three 
inches. The accumulated sediment was all washed out 
through the drain pipes, this method having been adopted 
in place of removing by hand shoveling and wheelbarrows, 
as in previous years. When taken out by hand it had for- 
merly been necessary to wait several days for the mud 
to become dry enough to be handled. Last year, after the 
experience obtained in cleaning the first reservoir, it re- 
quired six days to empty, clean and begin refilling the sec- 
ond reservoir. For washing cut the clay, fire hose and a 
fire steamer were used, which were hired from the city fire 
department, $200 being paid for the services. Supervisor 
Edmund T. Sykes believed that a permanent pumping plant, 
with discharge pipes leading to several places in the reser- 
voirs, would make the cleaning easier and cheaper than by 
hiring the fire steamer. As it is, this method of cleaning 
cost about '$450 less than by shovel and wheelbarrow. The 
total cost of cleaning the reservoirs was $1,072.18. 

Early in the year the Water Works Committee directed the 
Supervisor to investigate the methods of filling the street 
sprinkling carts from the water mains, it being thought 
that the use of standpipes for this purpose was expensive. 
Letters were sent to 387 water works managers and replies 
received from 269 of these. As a result of this investiga- 
tion the committee adopted the general rule of using sprin- 
kler standpipes in the districts away from the main busi- 
ness centers of the city, and special hydrants used for this 
purpose only were located in the immediate business cen- 
ters. Unless or until such special hydrants are installed, 
the use of special valves attached to the ordinary hydrant 
nozzles is recommended for the business centers. 

The inquiry concerning sprinkler hydrants referred to 
contained six questions, from which the following informa- 



Vol. XXX., No. 3. 

tion was obtained: Three recommended filling sprinklers 
from standpipes and [3 filling Bushers From the same; 3 
filling sprinklers from special valves and 2 filling Bushers 
from the same; 3 having special hydrants for sprinklers 
and 17 having them for Bushers; none advised filling sprin- 
klers or Bushers directly from the fire hydrants. 

As to actual practice, [42 used hydrants for filling carts; 
99 connected directly to the nozzle cf the hydrant, while 46 
used a special valve attachment; 113 used standpipes or 
special hydrants; 83 used flushing carts. 

As to satisfaction with the method used, 19 were satisfied 
with filling sprinklers from the hydrant and 67 were not; 
7-' were satisfied with filling sprinklers from standpipes and 
3 were not; 20 were satisfied with filling sprinklers from a 
special valve and 24 were not; 14 were satisfied with filling 
sprinklers from special hydrants and 2 were net; 10 were 
satisfied with filling flushers from hydrants and 32 were 
not; 5 were satisfied with filling flushers from standpipes 
and none were dissatisfied; 3 were satisfied with filling 
flushers from special valves and 12 were not; 10 were satis- 
fied with filling flushers from special hydrants and none 
were dissatisfied. 

An illustration of a scientific method of studying the 
problem of the location of a pipe yard and warehouse is 
offered hy Supervisor Sykes, who estimated that most of 
the street service force, including twelve single teams, are 
required to travel an average of four miles a day more with 
the present location than they would with the warehouse 
centrally located. In addition, there is an average of three 
miles extra haul per day for all the supplies and a large 
share of the pipe for each year's extensions. He therefore 
believed it conservative to estimate that there is a loss of 
time and labor costing $9 per day, about $2,700 a year, and 
that the lost time of teams is worth about $240, or a total 
loss of $2,940. Capitalized at 4 per cent, this is interest on 
$73. 5co. He allows a reduction of 25 per cent for a possible 
east side service, leaving over $55,000, which,' according to 
this calculation, the city can afford to spend in securing a 
more central location. In addition, he calls attention to the 
fact that the time saved in getting from such centrally lo- 
cated headquarters to a break in a main in the important 
business section of the city would be a very important item. 


As indicated in these columns several times during the past 
year or two, the condition of affairs as regards typho'd fever 
in Washington, D. C, is far from satisfactory, and this in 
spite of the fact that a water filtration plant has been puri- 
fying the entire water supply of the city for about five years. 
Naturally the general and continuous prevalence of typhoid 
in the cty, giving death rates per annum per 100,000 inhabitants 
running as high as in during that time and having reached 
the rate of 60 per annum during the year 1909-10, was con- 
sidered by many as reflecting upon the work of the filter plant. 
We have published the statements of the investigating board 
that the Washington water supply apparently had little to do 
with the typhoid cases, but that milk and general uncleanli- 
ness were probably responsible for a considerable amount, 
while importation from summer resorts outside the city would 
account for a considerable percentage of cases. 

In the Proceedings of the American Society of Civil En- 
gineers for December, 1910, is the advance copy of a paper to 
be read before the soe'ety in February by Mr. E. D. Hardy, 
superintendent of the filtration plant, describing the operation 
of the plant up to and including June of last year. In this 
paper are tables showing the monthly records of deaths from 
typhoid fever and also of bacteria in applied and in filtered 
water and of bacillus coli. It seems almost certain that if 
the water was responsible for the typhoid cases there would be 
a more or less intimate relation between the fluctuations in 
such cases and those in the bacteria and especially in the 
B. coli. 

We have plotted the data referred to, giving three curves, 
and found that there is absolutely no relation apparent between 
the death rate and file number of I'.. coli or of total bacteria. . 
In fact, in almost every year high counts in bacter'a follow 
from three to five months after high typhoid death rates. The 
[icaks of the death rate curve occur in every year between 
August and October, there being one in each of those two 
months in 1905, 1906 and 1907, one in Septen oer, 1908, and one 
in September, 1909. The peaks in the bacteria curve occur in 
each case in January, with occasionally a second peak in Febru- 
ary or March. The peaks in the coli bacillus curve seem 
liable to occur during any month of the year, but especially be- 
tween December and .March. 

These records would seem to bear out the statement that 
the water was in no wise responsible for the prevalence of 
typhoid fever, and the fact that the highest rates occur at the 
end of the summer season would seem to offer legitimate argu- 
ment for the belief that many of these cases were imported 
from summer resorts. 

While looked at from this point of view the tables would ap- 
pear to offer information which favors the filter plant, in 
some respects examination of the figures themselves is less 
reassuring. Especially is this the case when we consider the 
actual numbers of bacteria and B. coli in the filtered effluent 
During the five years of operation the number of bacteria in 
the filtered water has shown monthly averages as h'gh as 800 
(January, 1910), and has averaged over 100 during five months 
of that time. Certain monthly averages have been quite low. 
the lowest having been eight, which average occurred in July 
and again in October, 1908. The averages for the fiscal years 
(from July 1 to June .30) have been as follows: I905-'o6, 33; 
i9o6-'o7, 31; i907-'c8, 55; i9o8-'o9, 21; i909-'io, 143. The last 
high rate is due to a large extent to the averages for December, 
January and February, which were 250, 800 and 350 respectively. 

The annual typhoid death rates for these same fiscal years 
were 47, 42, 32, 43 and 28, respectively. The rates for the five 
years immediately preceding the inauguration of filtration were 
65, 68, 6.;, 46 and 39, respectively. The means of the two 
periods were therefore 56.2 before and 38.4 during the filtra- 
tion of the water supply. 

Examining the tables of tests for B. coli, these tables give 
the percentage of the tests made during a given month which 
were positive, with no attempt to indicate the number per c.c. 
Taking the ten-c.c. tests, we find that of the 54 months included 
in the table B. coli were found during 19 of these months, 
the percentage of tests in wh : ch they were found in any one 
month varying from 3.2 to 25.8. That more than one-fourth of 
all the tests of filtered water made in a given month should 
show the presence of B. coli is certainly far from creditable 
to the filter plant or its operation, to say the least. 

It is not the least peculiar circumstance connected with the 
Washington problem that the month when this high rate was 
found, together with the month following, showed very low 
typhoid rates, only five other months of the entire five years 
showing lower rates. These months of high B. coli had been 
preceded by eight months when all tests for B. coli had been 
negative, but during those same eight months the annual rate 
per 100,000 of typhoid had varied from 24 to 60, or two to six 
t'mes the rate during the months when the high percentages of 
B. coli were observed. 

Making all allowance for incubation periods, there appears to 
be no relation between the bacterial content of the filtered water 
and the typhoid rate. On the other hand, the results obtained 
by the filter would seem to be far from creditable and to 
strongly substantiate the claims made by Mr. Hardy and other 
members of the department that the filter alone is not adequate 
for treating the Potomac River water, but that auxiliary treat- 
ment is necessary. Congress has been requested to provide 
funds for constructing coagulation basins, and experiments 
have been conducted for a number of months in the use of 
such basins and several kinds of prefilters. The results of 
these investigations are described by Mr. Hardy in his article 
and will be presented by us in abstract in a later issue. 

ANUARY l8, 191 1. 



Municipal Journal 

and Engineer 


239 West Thirty-ninth Street, New York 

Telephone. 2046 Bryant, New York 

Western Office, 929 Monadnock Block. Chicago 

F. E. PUFFER, Assistant Editor 

Business Department 

S. W. HUME. President 

I. T. MORRIS. Manager. A. PRESCOTT FOLWELL. Secretary 


Jnlted States and possessions, Mexico, Cuba $3.00 per year 

111 other countries 4.00 per yeai 

Sntered as second-class matter, January 3, 1906, at the I'ost Office 
at New York, N. Y., under the Act of Congress of March 3. 1879. 

Subscribers are requested to notify us of changes of address, 
living both old and new addresses. 

Contributions suitable for this paper, either in the form of 
pecial articles or of letters discussing municipal matters, are 
nvlted and paid for. 

Subscribers desiring information concerning municipal matters 
,re requested to call upon MUNICIPAL JOURNAL AND ENGI-, which has unusual facilities for furnishing the same, and 
Fill do so gladly and without cost. 

JANUARY 18, 191 1 


It. Louis Parks and Boulevards (Illustrated). By Chas. 

Claude Casey 79 

lities Having Commission Government 81 

lunicipal Reference Libraries. By Dr. Horace E. Flack 82 

tefuse Crematory at Houston (Illustrated) 81 

Situminous Binder and Aggregate 85 

linneapolis Water Works Report 85 

Vashington Filtration and Typhoid 86 

falue of a Periodical N? 

tandard Specifications 87 

Tews of the Municipalities (Illustrated) 88 

iegal News — A Summary and Notes of Recent Decisions 96 

lunicipal Appliances 98 

Jews of the Societies 100 

'rade Notes 102 

'he Municipal Index 103 

ersonals 106 

'atent Claims (Illustrated) 107 

'he Week's Contract News 10S 

Value of a Periodical 

On another page of this issue appears the following: 
It is perfectly proper for a city to try some new experi- 
nent if there is a prospect of success and if there is a 
easonahle hope that conditions can he improved by it. 
5ut not only is there no excuse, it seems almost criminal, 
hat one city after another should try the same thing after 
t has been shown to be impracticable, harmful or useless, 
t is not claimed that our city officials are criminal or that 
hey do not desire to give good government, but their 
ignorance of what other cities have done or are doing 
lakes progress slow and unduly expensive. 

This is quoted from a paper advocating municipal reference 
ibraries in cities, but- is equally applicable to the employment 
»f other means for keeping informed of what cities generally 
re doing. While this necessarily is recognized by experts in 
11 branches, so that as large a part of their time is occupied 

in keeping themselves informed concerning the latest develop- 
ments everywhere in their particular fields as in using this 
knowledge in their professional work; yet the average municipal 
official in this country, where holding municipal office is but an 
occasional incident in the life of a business man, finds himself 
called upon to advise on and administer department operations 
ruing which he has only the general knowledge of the well 
read citizen rather than the specialized knowledge which is 
necessary for efficiency and economy. Tt is therefore especially 
ssary for such an official to have at his command the most 
complete and reliable summary of available information, includ- 
th the standard principles and the latest developments. 

For tin's purpose a municipal reference library, such as is 
outlined in the paper quoted from, would be of incalculable 
value in every city, and we urge that every city official read 
this article carefully and take such action as seems best adapted, 
in the case of his own municipality, to secure the establish- 
ment of such a library. 

We feel all the more strongly in this matter because Municipal 
Journal and Engineer presents to its readers such abstracts of 
standard information, but especially such news of latest devel- 
opments, as have just been referred to. It is our aim to furnish 
for city officials just the class of recent information which Dr. 
Flack considers necessary to efficiency in municipal government. 

But the very qualities which make a valuable periodical are 
npatible with its serving as a history or a text-hook. The 
elementary principles and the condensed history must be ob- 
tained from books written with that as their purpose; and here 
is where the reference library is valuable. But to keep in touch 
with the latest developments and doings in any line it is neces- 
sary tii read regularly the carefully selected and timely articles 
to be found only in a high-class periodical. The one is as 
fully necessary as the ether for intelligent and efficient service. 

Standard Specifications 

The action taken relative to standard paving specifications by 
the Organization of City Officials for the Standardizing of 
Paving Specifications, which met in New York last week, is de- 
scribed briefly in our News of the Societies columns. Two or 
three of these decisions are of special interest because of the 
discussions which have appeared in print concerning certain 
features of them. 

The character of the oil to be used in treating wood blocks 
is one of these. The committee on this subject recommended 
the adoption of the same specifications as those presented last 
year (see our issue of March 2. 1910), except that there was 
allowed a range of specific gravity between 1.14 and 1.10, in- 
stead of a minimum of 1.10 as before, and a range of 30 per 
cent to 43 per cent of distillate up to 315 deg. C, instead of 
35 per cent. The committee considered that the treatment of 
wood blocks should include waterproofing as well as preserving 
from decay. It recognized that the oil called for would prob- 
ably be manufactured by the addition of coal tar pitch to the 
creosote, of which there can be no monopoly. Oil of this kind, 
it stated, has been "used or manufactured" at Mobile. Ala., 
Cincinnati, O., Indianapolis, End., Minneapolis, Minn., Chicago, 
111., and Xew York City. It recommended 20 pounds per cubic 
foot as last year, but considered that 16 pounds might be suffi- 
cient where the traffic is heavy. 

The committee on brick paving recommended the use of the 
rattler test and the abandoning of the absorption test. For the 
former the rattler developed by the recent investigation of the 
X. P. P>. M. A. (see Municipal Journal and Engineer. Nov. 
16, iqio), was recommended. There were added to last year's 
specifications additional clauses covering coal tar paving pitch 
filler and asphalt filler. There was considerable opposition to 
this, but we decidedly approve of the action taken; for, whether 
or not cement filler is by far the best (as is claimed by the 
National Paving Brick Manufacturers' Association), there is a 
very .considerable percentage of engineers who prefer the 
bituminous fillers, and these should be considered in providing 
specifications for general use. 


Vol. XXX., No. 


Current Subjects of General Interest, Under Consideration by City Councils and Department Heads — Streets, 
Water Works, Lighting and Sanitary Matters — Fire and Police Items — Government and Finance 


Big Road Machine Bought by County 

Augusta, Ga. — Richmond County has ordered a road scari- 
fier, to be sent to Augusta from New York, for trial and 
approval. Heretofore the county has been using an old- 
style road plow, which is found too slow for the work 
of tearing up the hard gravel roads. The county owns two 
power road engines and the scarifier can be used very effec- 
tively. The new machine is a modern, improved type, 
model 1909, weighs 5,500 pounds and will tear up six fur- 
rows. It will cost the county about $500, if accepted. The 
commissioners believe that the new machine will improve 
the roads of the county very much. The order was given 
after conferences between Commissioner Pope, Secretary 
Gardner and Superintendent Stringer. If the machine 
proves to be entirely satisfactory other counties will un- 
doubtedly decide to adopt more modern appliances. 

Charges Are Filed Away 

Macon, Ga. — The City Council has washed its hands, 
figuratively speaking, of the charges brought by Henry 
Home in connection with the award of the paving contract 
to the Southern Paving Company. The special committee 
made a report, submitting the correspondence, and was dis- 
charged. Council will not pay any further attention to Mr. 
Home's charges, having decided that he did not submit 
.evidence in substantiation of his claims. A telegram re- 
ceived last week from the Lasleys, the owners of the South- 
ern Paving Company, was read. It is as follows: 

"Replying to your inquiry, we nor no one connected with 
our company have paid, or are now paying, or have ever 
paid, to parties mentioned in your letter of December 17 
any money on account of paving in Macon." Signed, W. 'M. 
& T. H. Lasley. 

Improvement in Assessment Procedure 

Masillon, Ohio. — The city will be saved money and 
property owners spared inconvenience from accidental mis- 
takes in the computation of their street improvement 
assessment if plans approved by City Councilmen and under 
consideration by Mayor Remley and Solicitor Davis are 
carried out. The officials are seeking to improve the 
process heretofore in effect preliminary to the starting of 
the annual street improvement work. In the p'ast, it is 
said, the custom has been to carry on the books of the 
City Auditor the names of owners who did not pay in full 
assessments on their properties, instead of certifying them 
within the time required to the County Auditor for collec- 
tion with interest through the channel of taxation. As a 
result the city has failed to collect interest on deferred 
payments. City Solicitor Davis is planning to have the 
Council authorize the certification of the accounts to the 
County Auditor as soon as all property owners have been 
given an opportunity to pay the assessments in full, and 
thus secure all the interest collectible when the payments 
are made in installments. Mayor Remley will make an 
effort to have incorporated into the assessment ordinances 
the names of owners and a description of the property 
fronting on the streets to be improved. This, he said, will 
not only make the record of the properties improved per- 
manent, but will enable each owner to see for what front- 
age he, as well as his neighbors, is assessed, and detect 
any mistake in measurement. Under the system heretofore 
in effect, he says, the ordinance only mentioned the total 
frontage, and lacked details. The main argument in favor 
of publishing a list of the property owners and the frontage 
is that clerical errors can creep in and cause the assessment 
of any one of them more than his share. Officials who 
might be inclined to be unscrupulous might cause the 
assessment against any one owner to he canceled and the 
deficit made up by extra assessment on the city. 

Won't Keep Highway Board 

Albany, N. Y. — Governor Dix received to-day a delega- 
tion of Monroe County supervisors, escorted by Senator 
Ormrod, who entered a protest against the abolition of 
the State Highway Commission. The committee urged the 
retention of the commission, even though the governor 
substituted new men for the existing commissioners. Gov- 
ernor Dix intimated his intention of standing by his rec- 
ommendation. He pointed out that several of the counties 
had determined to bond themselves and build their own 
good roads, which the Governor thought indicated that 
the present commission had not been as economical as it 
might have been. 

Engineer Discusses Paving Prices 
Baltimore, Md. — Commenting on a report made by him 
to the Mayor regarding the amount of paving work done 
during the Mahool administration, City Engineer Fendall 
has called attention to the fact that, while the lower cost 
of paving during the last four years has been largely due to 
the operation of the Bruce-Fendall law, the competi- 
tion brought about by this ordinance is fast disappearing. 
With the exception of the competition offered in the use of 
vitrified brick pavement, Mr. Fendall declared that the 
asphalt people have practically no obstacle in their way in 
Baltimore at the present time. 

"How long the vitrified brick will last as a club over the prices 
of the asphalt trust," said Mr. Fendall, "depends on the future 
conditions of the b; ick business, but 1 must say that I regret ex- 
ceedingly the withdrawal of the Warren Bitulithic Pavement 
Company from the field. So long as the Warren company was 
here the asphalt tiust was always willing to underbid the Boston 
concern in the hope of dnving it away from Baltimore. Unfortu- 
nately, the Warren people were never able to reach the prices of 
the trust interests, and consequently were forced out. Personally, 
however, for the purprse of keeping up this show of competition, 1 
would like to have seen the Board of Awards give the Warren 
company occasional contracts even at a higher price. Luckily, the 
vitrified brick pavement is still an independent commodity, and 
so long as it remains so we shall always have a club over the 
trust, for the moment the latter's prices go up I can come in 
and elo work with vitrified brick and day labor. Under the Bruce- 
Fendall ordinance, which aliows the Board of Awards to receive 
bids on all clashes of material for each contract, the prices have 
gone down considerably in the last four years. We now get sheet 
asphalt laid at about $1.75 a yard, when formerly we paid from 
$2.25 to $3.50." 

Mr. Fendall's department in the last four years has laid 

slightly more than 10 miles of street, using for the most 

part sheet asphalt at a cost of between $45,000 and $50,000 

a mile. 

Brooklyn Asphalt Plant Has Much Work in Sight 

Brooklyn, N. Y. — With the expiration of guarantees dur- 
ing this year the Municipal Asphalt Repair Plant will have 
4,000,000 square yards to maintain. The plant is said by its 
superintendent, Charles K. Lennon, to have saved the city 
$40,000 annually since its installation in 1907. Mr. Lennon 
was paving inspector for about 20 years before he took 
charge of the plant,. During the more recent of these 
years he had general charge of asphalt repairs for the city, 
which were done by contract. The field of operations 
covers a very wide area and the position requires an inti- 
mate knowledge of localities and pavements. 

Dallas Street Improvements in 1910 

Dallas, Tex. — During the last year, according to the 
report of City Engineer J. M. Preston, the city has spent 
$330,854 in street paving, resurfacing, building bridges and 
laying sewers. The city expended for street paving as fol- 
lows: Bitulithic, $122,216.08; vitrified brick, $23,696.82; creo- 
soted blocks, $79,349.11; streets macadamized, $20,674.22; 
streets graded, $4,496.88; resurfaced with asphalt, $12,597.64. 
Total, $263,030.75. The amount of sidewalk curbing and 
gutter laid was as follows: Sidewalks, square feet, 674,489; 
sidewalks in miles laid, approximately, 30; curbing laid, 
lineal feet, 83.898; gutters laid, 24-inch, lineal feet, 37,433; 
gutters laid, 18-inch, lineal feet, 250. The total cubic yards 
of street grading was 20,224. Fourteen streets were mac- 
adamized at a cost of $20,674. 




Railroad Asks Town to Share Cost of Changing Grades 

Montclair, N. J. — The Lackawanna Railroad Company 
las asked the town of Montclair to contribute $50,000 as 
he municipality's share of the expense in the contemplated 
erminal improvements here. The company's plan provides 
or the elimination of all grade crossings in town, a viaduct 
>n Grove street, the closing of Pine street to all except 
'oot traffic on an overhead bridge, and depress Bay street 
so that the railroad tracks may cross over that thorough- 
: are. 

Census of Traffic over New York Bridges 

New York, N. Y. — The report of the Public Service Com- 
mission for the First District contains a count of the 
:raffic over the East River bridges. This report states that 
:rom a count made on three different days it was learned 
that on the first day in question the Brooklyn Bridge 
landled 309,783 people; on the second day, 328,899; and on 
:he third day, 342,909. At the same time the Williamsburg 
Bridge was serving 182,233, 213,487 and 242,251 people. The 
: erries in the same time took care of 161,938, 120,841 and 
(19,423 passengers. The subway to Brooklyn turned in 
:his count: 159,708, 193,781 and 210,139 passengers for the 
:hree days noted. The total East River travel for the three 
iays on which tests were made was 813,662, 882.311 and 978,- 
561. On the three days 405,951, 443,754 and 490,965 came to 
Manhattan, while 407,711, 438,557 and 487,596 went to Long 

Pittsburg City Plan in Relation to South Hills 

Pittsburg, Pa. — The section of F. L. Olmsted's report 
the civil commission on the Pittsburg city plan relating 
South Hills thoroughfare has been made public. The 
■eport holds that Forbes street and Sixth avenue is the 
most desirable point for South Hills traffic to reach the 
lowntown section. A roadway on the face of the hill is 
jrovided to enable traffic from the Southside flats to reach 
:he elevated mouth of the tunnel, while the lower deck 
)f the bridge will bring traffic from the flats to the down- 
own section. Provision has been made, as shown by a 
map accompanying the report, for traffic to reach all im- 
portant sections of the South Hills on easy grades from the 
iouth end of the tunnel, which emerges on Washington 
ivenue, east of the entrance to the present street car 
.unnel. By bending the southern end of the proposed 
unnel to the west along Washington avenue, the grade of 
:he tunnel and bridge, it is pointed out, may be reduced to 
"rem 3 to 3^2 per cent. On account of the uneven nature 
:)f the Pittsburg site, problems of an exceptional nature 
ire presented to the city engineers. 

Four Cities Ask New Paving and Park Laws 

Indianapolis, Ind. — The members of the boards of works 
of South Bend, Terre Haute, Evansville and Fort Wayne 
met last week at the Denison Hotel to discuss proposed 
amendments to the Thornton paving bill. With the board 
members were the Mayors and City Attorneys of these 
cities. Under the old law abutting property owners were 
charged not only with the work that benefited them directly, 
but with the paving of street intersections. The Thornton 
law charged street intersections against the city. When 
application of this statute was sought it was discovered 
that in most cases the city was taxed to the constitutional 
limit and that there were no funds to carry out needed 
improvements. The boards of works, the Mayors and the 
City Attorneys of the cities affected by the Thornton law 
propose that this statute shall be amended and that the law 
shall be like as was in the beginning. At the same time a 
meeting was held of officials of the same cities to frame 
a bill and have it introduced in the Legislature to apply to 
the cities of the second class the Indianapolis park law. 
Under this law the park board divides the city into park- 
districts, and the cost of park improvements or park work 
in each district is borne by assessment on the property in 
that particular district instead of charging it up against 
all the property in the city. The law also authorizes the 
City Council to make a tax levy on all the property for 
park purposes, not to exceed a given amount each year. 
Under this law the park system in Indianapolis is being 
extended and the plan is working well. 


Defect in Law About Alleys Creates Unsanitary Conditions 
Atlanta. Ga.— Thousands of Atlantans were astounded by 
the story in a recent issue of the Constitution in regard to 
the 3,000 houses in the city which are prohibited from using 
city water. The fact that Atlanta has a law which prevents 
this number of houses from using city water was generally 
regarded as evidence of a defect that should be remedied as 
speedily as official machinery can do it. As stated in the 
Constitution, the prohibition of water also keeps out sewers, 
and therefore all these 3,000 houses must use earth closets. 
It would not have been so surprising if these houses were 
located in some of the outlying districts, but when the 
statement was made that they were all within a mile and &■ 
half of the center of the city, and many of them within a 
stone's throw of the business center, a lot of people were 
set to thinking. The matter summed up is as follows: 
Three thousand houses are situated on alleys that are being 
used as streets; the city cannot lay water mains and sewers 
on alleys; the city cannot turn these alleys into streets 
because there is a law which says that no thoroughfare 
shall be accepted as a street which is less than 50 feet wide. 
It looks at the first glance as if all there is to be done is 
for the City Council to repeal the ordinance limiting the 
width of streets and then declare all the alleys streets. 
This looks "dead easy," but one obstacle in the way is that 
many of these alley streets are private property and cannot 
be taken over by the city unless condemned for such pur- 
poses. One suggestion that has been made is that Atlanta 
might adopt a blanket ordinance by which it can assume 
control and jurisdiction over all sorts of thoroughfares. 
When this is done the ordinance in regard to the width of 
streets can be repealed and then the alleys declared streets 
whenever it becomes necessary to lay water mains and 
sewers upon them. 

• City to Take Over Private Drains 

Baltimore, Md. — The Sewerage Commission have issued 
the following notice relative to the incorporation of exist- 
ing private drains in the municipal system: 

The Sewerage Commission, in compliance with the Act of the 
Legislature, will incorporate any existing private drains that can 
be properly incorporated as a part of the general sewerage system, 
and herewitn notify the owners of any private drains to forward 
at once to the Commission full information regarding them — 
namely, ownership, location depth, size, date of construction, 
street number of houses connected; also state if any rain water 
enters the drains, and the names of parties having rights in these 

Proper compensation will be allowed for any private drains 
taken over by the city in accordance with the Act of the Legis- 
lature. W. D. PLATT. 
HAi:UV W. RODGERS, ■ Chairman Pro Tem. 

Strenuous Work by Sanitary Men 

Birmingham, Ala. — Chief Sanitary Inspector Walter Ben- 
son reports that the city began the new year in good sani- 
tary condition, owing in large part to the strenuous work 
of his men, who made over 30,000 inspections in December. 
The nature of the inspections follows. Inspections, 22,778; 
no garbage can, 1,360; clean up premises, 2,793; throwing 
garbage in street, 161 ; stagnant water on lot, 1 ; connect 
closet with sewer, 256: no water on closet, 85; plumbing 
repaired, 121; sewer opened. 17; to fill open wells, 1; remove 
dead stock, 56; clean out stock yard, 15; clean out stable, 
1,670; move manure, 102: clean out cow pens, 708; com- 
plaints answered, 640; bakeries, 88; restaurants, 164; meat 
markets, 85; stores, 460; flags, 71; typhoid fever cases 
worked. 6: fumigations, rooms, iiq. Total, 31,550. 

Dallas Sewers Laid in 1910 

Dallas, Tex. — Sanitary sewers laid from April 30, 1910, to 

Dec. 31, 1910: 

Lineal ft. Cost. 

6-inch sanitary sewers 47,05fi $19,398.61 

8-inch sanitary sewers 2,850 3,533.76 

10-inch sanitary sewers 736 2,232.95 

lS-inch sanitary sewers 540 802.00 

Totals 51,182 $25,967.32 

Amount of storm sewers laid from April 30, iqio. to Dec. 
31, iqio: 11,641 lineal feet, from 12 to 50 inches in diameter; 
total cost. $27,773.04. 



Vol. XXX., No. 

Sewer Explosion 

Erie, Pa.— An explosion occurred in a sewer ;it the inter 
section of Twelfth and Cranberry streets, Jan. 4. Man- 
hole covers were thrown high in the air, the roadway was 
torn up and telegraph poles thrown down. The explosion 
is attributed to ,uas or gasoline. 

Payment for Sewers in Intersections 

Indianapolis, Ind. — It has been the custom in many In- 
diana cities for the sewers to he built at the expense of the 
whole municipality, instead of by the property owners in 
certain limited districts, as in Indianapolis. This has been 
the custom in Tcrre Haute and Evansvillc. and, therefore, 
coming in addition to this, the drain on the general fund 
for the improvement of street intersections is said to be a 
great hardship. At the recent conference of Mayors to dis- 
cuss paving and other laws Mayor Charles Heilman, of 
Evansvillc. was emphatic in Ids argument that the law 
should be changed so that the property owners directly 
benefited would be compelled to pay for the street intersec 
tion improvements. 

Large Concrete Block Sewer Finished 

Houston, Tex. — The Austin street storm sewer built of 
reinforced Parmley blocks by Contractors Horton & Horton 
and planned by Consulting Engineer Frank L. Dcnnant has 


been completed. The sewer is a mile and three-quarters 
long and 11 feet in diameter at the mouth. It drains sev- 
eral hundred acres of territory and will prevent the flooding 
of many miles of streets even in the severest storms. A 
large part of the sewer was built in earth tunnek 

Anti-Spitting Ordinances to Be Rigidly Enforced 

Walla Walla, Wash.— Chief of Police Mike Davis has 
announced that hereafter the anti-spitting ordinance will be 
rigidly enforced. By way of warning the large Red Cross 
anti-spitting cards will again be posted conspicuously about 
the city. One of the most impressive of these is the follow- 
ing: "A world without careless spitters would soon be a 
world without consumption." 

Louisville, Ky. — Mayor W. O. Head has instructed Chief 
of Police H. Watson Lindsey to see that the spitting ordi- 
nance is rigidly enforced, especially in street cars which 
are close, stuffy and poorly ventilated because of the cold 
weather. Colonel Lindsey has called to the attention of 
all the men under him the ordinance which provides a fine 
of $1 to $50 for spitting in a public place. "The street car 
company has posted in all its cars a notice of a $50 fine 
for spitting on the car," said the Mayor. "I don't think that 
Judge Boldrick would fine anyone that amount of money for 
expectorating in a public place, but I do believe that if the 
police arrest the spitters Judge Boldrick will not hesitate to 
fine the offenders $1. This minimum fine would be a suffi- 
cient reminder that the law must be obeyed and would 
break up the obnoxious and dangerous practice." Colonel 
Lindsey has sent the police out with the placards bearing 
the anti-spitting ordinance and they will be put in all public 
places where the old signs have disappeared. 

Sanitary Sewer Connections with Storm Sewers 
Duluth, Minn.— In the annual report which he filed with 
Health Commissioner II. E. Webster, Plumbing Inspector 
George Kreager strongly recommends a discontinuance of 
the practice of allowing sanitary sewer connections to be 
made with storm sewers, lie declares that it lias conic t* 
be a most serious problem to the city. He states that in the 
dry season the stench from the catch basins of storm sewer 1 - 
which have sanitary sewer connections emptying into them i^ 
'"awful." The sewers are not being flushed as is necessary 
and the odor is a nuisance to many parts of the city 
afflicted in this manner. Inspector Kreager also refers to 
the practice of allowing sanitary sewers to run into the 
different creeks in the city. He asserts that it is most 
unsanitary, causing not only much unpleasantness for the 
residents along their banks, hut breeding disease. He be- 
lieves that as far as possible every sanitary sewer now- 
dumping into creeks should be cut out as soon as possible 
and connections made with sanitary sewers wherever it can 
be done. 


Water Supply Getting in Good Shape 

Altoona, Pa. — After a period of three months the Kittan 
ning Point reservoir is again full and overflowing. The 
depth of the basin at the spillway is 37 feet, and it has over- 
flowed four inches. This also had a perceptible influence 
on the impounding dam, which is now slowly filling up, the 
gain in one day begin 14 inches, making the present stage 23 
feet 10 inches. The Kittanning Point reservoir had not 
been full since October 2. It first ceased to run over the 
spillway on July 20, but later on, under the influence of 
fall rains, it filled up again, and this condition lasted for 
several weeks, or until Oct. 2, since when, until the present 
time, it was not full. Prior to the last breakup it was 
almost empty. The officials of the department are very 
much gratified at the conditions now existing and expect to 
see the impounding dam fill up very rapidly from this time 
on. The pumping station at Sugar Run, which was closed 
down a week ago, has been put in operation again, the idea 
being to draw upon the supply at Kittanning Point as lightly 
as possible, so that both basins may be filled. There is a 
good flow of water in both the streams, more than the daily 
consumption in the city, and at the present rate pi gain it 
will not take long for the impounding dam to be full, when 
the restrictions may be removed. 

Under-registration of Meters Alleged Cause of Decreased 

Natchez, Miss. — The Municipal Water Works Commis- 
sion has presented its eighth annual report to the Mayor and 
Aldermen showing that the gross income for water and 
sewer service last year was $42,947:57, as against $44,129.32 
the year before. The loss was attributed to under-registra- 
tion of the meters. The operating expenses, including fixed 
charges, but excluding betterments, were $24,535.45. The 
expenditures for construction work amounted to $15,307.90. 
Poughkeepsie Filtration Plant Efficient 

Poughkeepsie, N. Y. — At a recent meeting of the Board 
of Public Works Dr. R. W. Andrews, City Bacteriologist, 
presented his report, which shewed the water used by the 
city to be practically pure, much more so than any country 
well, stream or spring. Raw waters contain 4,050 bacteria. 
The city filtration system removes 4,020, leaving only 6. 
In other words, 098-10 per cent are removed, and only 2/10 
of 1 per cent remain. 

Temple Water Allowance Raised 

Temple, Tex. — The City Water Commissioners are con 
sidering plans wdiereby the minimum water allowance to 
families where meters are used will be raised from 6,000 to 
10,000 gallons, without a corresponding increase in rates. 
Under municipal ownership and non-partisan management 
the Temple water works plant is now equal to that of any 
city in the State having 20,000 population and over and dele- 
gations from other cities are constantly visiting this city 
to obtain information, the last delegation being from Deni- 
son. It is felt that the water problem in Temple has been 
successfully solved for a period of twenty years at least. 

January 18, 1911. 



Ask Receiver for Water Company 

Akron, Ohio. — A motion has been filed in the city's suit 
in Common Pleas Court to have the Akron Water Works 
Company placed in the hands of a receiver. The city, 
through its legal department, claims that a contract was 
entered into with the Akron Water Works Company to 
furnish an "abundant supply of wholesome water" for 20 
years. The contract was made in 1894. The city claims that 
the water company is insolvent and is unable to comply 
with the terms of the contract. 

Seeks Information Regarding Water Plants 

Chicago, 111. — Oscar E. Hewitt, Deputy Commissioner of 
Public Works, has written to the engineering bureaus of 
44 large cities in the United States asking information about 
their water plants, with the view of adopting every sug 
gestion that promises an improvement in the present Chi- 
cago system. The cities asked for the information are 
those having a population of ico,oco or more which control 
their own water plants. Forty questions are asked in the 
letters. Number and type of boilers, furnaces and a tech- 
nical value of coal used as relating to a high-pressure sys- 
tem are among the questions. Several recommendations 
made in the report of the Merriam investigating committee 
on the water bureau also are provided for in the list of 

Suit Over Water Company Taxes 

Crookston. Minn. — This city and the Crookston Water 
Works, Power & Light Company, of which VV. J. Murphy 
of Minneapolis is the head, are about to clash. The com- 
pany has not paid a dollar of taxes since 1906 and its back 
taxes without penalties attached now reach the snug sum 
of $39,000. The trouble arose over back taxes assessed 
four years ago, in which the personal property assessment 
was materially increased, the wires, water mains, etc., being 
assessed back for a number of years. County Attorney 
Maybury four years ago started a suit which Avas taken to 
the Supreme Court and it being about the close of his term 
was allowed to fizzle out. County Attorney Hagen did not 
take it up and now City Attorney Loring has been working 
on it for some time past and is about ready for action. 

Must File Record of Water Tests 

Escanaba, Mich. — At the last meeting of the Common 
Council, following the acceptance of the usual report from 
City Chemist A. J. Carlson relative to his analysis of the 
city water and its results, a motion was made and adopted 
that hereafter the city chemist should file a record of each 
water test made. Dr. Carlson reported that during the 
month of December he had made 12 analyses of the city 
water and each test revealed the water to be unsafe. 

Municipal Plant Is Profitable 

Moorhead, Minn. — The statement of the business of the 
city's water and light plant for the past year shows net 
earnings of $17,128.30, which is $1,800 in excess of the earn- 
ings for 1909. The number of light consumers is 750 and 
there are water consumers to the number of 376. 


Annual Report of Light Department 

Marion, Ind. — According to the report of Otis Weesner, 
Superintendent of the City Lighting Plant, the cost of street 
light was $40.29 per year. The total cost of operating plant 
was $9,026. There are 224 street lamps now in use. The 
figures include $4,192 spent for extension, including $1,500 
for a site for a new plant. The value of the plant is $41,500. 

Aurora Lighting Plant Soon Ready 

Aurora, Minn. — The new dynamo and switchboard for the 
municipal lighting plant have arrived and are being in- 
stalled. The engine was received some time ago and as 
all wires have been strung it is only a short time until 
the town will be lighted by electricity. Aurora now has 
a modern light plant, first class water and sewer systems, 
a fine municipal hall, and a $125,000 high school building 
in the course of construction. 

Regulating Maximum Price for Electricity 

Toledo, Ohio.— That the maximum rate charged con- 
sumers of electricity for commercial and domestic use 
should be less than 7 cents a kilowatt hour is the contention 
of City Solicitor Schreiber. He believes it ought not to 
exceed 5 cents a kilowatt hour. The present maximum rate 
is 9 cents a kilowatt hour, with a discount of 10 per cent 
if the bill is paid within a stipulated time. The Council 
Committee on Gas and Light recently received the com- 
munication of the Solicitor notifying Council that the pres- 
ent ordinance regulating the price of electricity expires 
Jan. 12. When Council passes an ordinance, fixing a maxi- 
mum price, then no company can charge a higher price 
than that fixed in the ordinance; if the company accepts the 
ordinance. Council cannot lower the price during the life 
of the ordinance; if the company does net accept it, then 
while it can charge no more than the ordinance fixes, Coun- 
cil can at its pleasure again change the price. 

Explosion Ties Up and Darkens City 

Minneapolis, Minn. — An explosion and fire which de- 
stroyed the main plant of the General Electric Company 
Jan. 6, injured three men, caused a loss of $750,000, and 
seriously interfered with business throughout the city dur- 
ing the day, left the city at night in almost total darkness. 
Several office buildings got power for light and elevators 
from the street railway company and flour mills until II 
o'clock, but after that time all power was turned off. No 
street lamps were lighted and all save the main section of 
the city was without electric light all night. Fearing that 
thi' darkness of the city might induce lawlessness, the entire 
police and detective force was held in reserve with waiting 
automobiles. The General Electric Company put 500 men 
at work making arrangements so that the power from the 
company's plants in Taylor's Falls cculd be used. 

The explosion, which plunged the city into darkness and 
almost paralyzed the commercial life of the city, was in the 
"13,000 wire" leading into the power plant at Third Avenue, 
Southeast, and Main street. A tangled mass of wire ma- 
chinery was thrown in every direction by the explosion. 
Fire, -which followed, completed the demolition. Three 
separate explosions were accompanied by ear-splitting 
cracks and vivid display of blue electric flame. There is 
little left of the power plant beyond the charred wreckage 
level with the water in the river. Blinding arcs of electricity 
powerful enough to bore through steel girders rent the 
;iir, igniting coal gas in the boiler room and communicat- 
ing with twenty dynamos on the top floor. Cables slapped 
. nd writhed, wheels ground and whizzed. Lights were all 
extinguished, and for a minute the building was outlined by 
ghastly blue light. 

The general opinion is that the first explosion was caused 
by the blowing out of a fuse on a cable which carried 13.000 
volts of electricity from the power house at St. Croix Falls 
to the Main street substation. That put out every electric 
light in Minneapolis, stopped every electric motor. If it had 
stopped there repair might have been comparatively easy. 
But coal or sewer gas in a subway underneath the Main 
street plant was ignited, it is believed, and exploded with 
terrific force. 

City's Electric Plant Gone 

Santiago, Chile. — The central station of the entire electric 
and telephone plant of the city was burned Jan. 7. The loss 
is estimated at $2,000,000. 

Would Grant New Power Franchise 

Spokane, Wash. — Electric power companies seeking fran- 
chises in Spokane will have the support of the City Council. 
The Council power plant committee believes that others 
than the Washington Water Power Company should be 
given the right to compete with the local electric company. 
While dropping the idea of building a municipal plant at the 
present time, the committee points out that the Panhandle 
Electric Railroad & Power Company and the International 
Electric Company have offered to furnish electricity for 
domestic consumption in Spokane at a maximum of 6 cents 
a kilowatt hour, 4 cents less than the present rate. The 
opportunity to secure rates so much more favorable to 
the consumer will not be allowed to pass without recog- 
nition if the City Council has its way. 



Vol. XXX., No. 3- 


Annual Inspection of Fire Department 

Alliance, Ohio. — The annual inspection of the Fire De- 
partment was held, Jan. 2, by Mayor E. P. Speidel,. Safety 
Director Thomas Doyle and Chief Arthur S. Aungst. The 
first station to be inspected was No. 3, an automobile sta- 
tion. The machine was started and ready to go in five and 
three-quarter seconds. It was started and run to the corner 
of Union and State streets in 32 seconds. A second run to 
same place, including laying of 100 feet of hose and develop- 
ing pressure of 80 pounds, was made in 1 minute 49 sec- 
onds. At Station No. 1, a hitch by two men realy to go 
on receipt of alarm was made in 13 seconds. At Station 2 
the same drill was made in 12 seconds. 

During the year 75 alarms were answered. The value of 
buildings at risk was $250,410; contents, $236,944; loss, 
$0,695; insurance paid, $3,381. 

Increased Efficiency of Fire Department 

Dallas, Tex. — Strides toward modernizing the Fire De- 
partment of Dallas during the year 1910 have probably been 
as great as in any other one department of the city. At all 
times thoroughly equipped and efficient, the year has 
brought the installation of the latest types of fire-fighting 
apparatus to supplement the machines that were formerly 
used. One of the most noteworthy additions to the depart- 
ment equipment was the installation of automobile fire en- 
gines. The first automobile engine arrived and was put into 
service along in April, as Dallas was the first city of the 
State to have automobile apparatus. Since the first engine 
arrived others have been added until at present there are 
two automobile fire engines and two automobile chemical 
engines. A record of the effective work done by all of these 
machines would indicate that the purchases have been ex- 
penditures that brought large returns. Scores of fires that 
might have resulted most disastrously have been stopped 
in their incipiency and thousands of dollars saved. Geared 
to high speed, these engines are able to answer alarms in 
less than half the time of horse-drawn apparatus, and many 
fires, have been prevented that would have got beyond' con- 
trol without the automobile equipment. During the year 15 
new fire alarm boxes have been installed, new horses pur- 
chased, the McKinney avenue station rebuilt and other 
improvements and additions made to the extent of nearly 
$35,000. To man this new equipment and to keep pace with 
the growth of the city additional men have been employed 
in the department, this increase amounting to more than 
one man for each month. At the beginning of the year 
the members of the department numbered 114. At one 
time, during the water shortage, this number was increased 
to 139, and at present there are 128. During the year the 
department responded to 840 calls. There were 35' second 
alarms, or calls for additional apparatus, and .five general 
alarms. The figures are supplied by Acting Fire Chief 

Will Inspect Apparatus and Accessories More Closely 

Lestershire, N. Y. — Criticism has been rife since the fire 
in Arch street, Jan. 3, because of the seemingly long time of 
the department in responding to the alarm, but it is gen- 
erally conceded that blame cannot justifiably be attached 
to the heads of the department or firemen on duty at the 
station. While it was some fifteen minutes before the appa- 
ratus arrived, this was due to a streak of unfortunate luck, 
so to speak, unlike anything that has ever occurred in the 
history of the local department. "Independent's" wagon 
was leaving the building on the first round of the alarm but 
in making the turn a wheel collapsed, making the appa 
ratus useless so far as getting to the fire was concerned. 
A re-hitch was made in short order to the "C. F.'s" wagon 
but the harness broke in a vital place and further delay 
was caused. Fortunately the fire was of minor importance 
and had been extinguished some minutes before the ap- 
paratus arrived, but history may not always repeat itself 
and for this reason people have been heard to complain of 
the delay. The incident has inspired Chief Spies and his 
assistants to inaugurate a thorough inspection of apparatus 
and accessories to see that, nothing of a like nature can 
occur in the future. 

Bloodhounds for Police Force 

Galveston, Tex. — The Police Department has purchased 
two bloodhounds and will have them trained to do police 
work, particularly the tracing of fugitives. 

Insist on Hundred-Pound Pressure at Fires 

Green Bay, Wis. — The Green Bay Water Company will 
be instructed by the city of Green Bay, through City Clerk 
W. L. Kerr, that it must furnish 100 pounds pressure for all 
fires that break out in the city. The clerk was authorized 
and ordered by the Council to impart the information that 
nothing less than 100 pounds pressure would be satisfac- 
tory hereafter. A resolution conveying the expression was 
introduced by Chairman Felix Biemeret of the committee 
on Fire Department, who, after putting the resolution said 
that the company was furnishing nearer 85 pounds pres- 
sure than 100 at recent fires. He added that he had it from 
Chief Sweeney that 100 pounds could be used to advantage. 
By the franchise which the company operated under it was 
required to furnish 125 pounds pressure. 

Annual Report of Fire Department 

Huntington, Ind. — According to the report of Fire Chief 
Gardner for the year 1910, the total expenses of the Depart- 
ment were $6,629. The number of runs during the year 
was 66, of which 61 were by telephone, 13 by alarm boxes 
and 2 by police; there were 4 false alarms. The total fire 
loss was $9,802. Number feet water hose laid, 14,850; 
chemical hose, 2600. 

New Rules for Fire Department 

Indianapolis, Ind. — With the assistance of Mayor Shank 
and Fire Chief Coots, the Board of Public Safety, at a spe- 
cial meeting, promulgated new rules for the conduct of fire- 
men. The action is the result of a complaint by the Mayor 
that firemen at engine house No. 19 have been guilty of 
drinking while on duty, and that when he entered an 
engine house with the Fire Chief, recently, firemen on duty 
failed to show proper respect. Hereafter firemen who are 
found intoxicatd, either on or off duty, will be tried by the 
board. Assistant Fire Chiefs are to make unannounced 
inspections of fire engine houses at least once a week, ac- 
cording to the new rules. It is also made the duty of fire- 
men to report violations of rules to Assistant Fire Chiefs, 
as well as to the Fire Chief. The new courtesy rule, it is 
understood, will apply not only to officers of the Fire De- 
partment, but to the Board of Public Safety and the Mayor 
as well. Firemen not knowing members of the board or 
Mayor may become familiar with their countenances by 
looking at photographs on file in the board's office. The 
new rule follows: 

"When any superior officer enters a fire station all men 
are to refrain from what they were doing, rise to their feet 
and salute and remain standing until dismissed by their 
superior officer." 

The following emphatic postscript was added to the rule 
requiring firemen to pay their debts: 

"Note — This rule hereafter must be lived up to and 

First Auto Squad Wagon in Service 

Indianapolis, Ind. — The first automobile squad wagon of 
the Indianapolis Fire Department was placed in service 
Jan. 7, and will be stationed at fire headquarters. In order 
to make room for the new machine, chemical No. 1 has been 
moved to engine house No. 2y, in East Tenth street. The 
new machine cost $5,200, and it is the intention to place ? 
second one in service when a new fire engine house is 
erected at South and New Jersey streets. Those who have 
Keen assigned to the squad wagon are young but experienced 
men, capable of filling any place in the department in fight- 
ing fires. It is intended to use the company largely in 
filling in companies that arrive at fires with less than their 
usual crews. For instance, at certain times of the day some 
hose wagons reach fires with only two men, one man being 
off duty, and another at a meal. For the time being the 
new wagon will answer all alarms in the territory between 
State avenue and White River, from Twenty-second street 
to Merrill street. It will also answer the box at Madison 
avenue and Morris street and the box at the Central Indiana 
Hospital for the Insane. 

January 18, 191 i. 



Police to Report by Telephone 
Louisville, Ky. — Chief of Police H. Watson Lindsey re- 
cently issued orders to the men of the Police Department 
to the effect that in the future they must report all acci- 
dents, fires, robberies and other happenings on their beats 
by telephone to Central Police Station as soon as possible. 
In the past it has been the custom of the officers to make 
a written report of such things, but Col. Lindsey wants 
the headquarters at Central to be more in touch with the 
men, and for this reason ordered the telephone reports. 

Fire Inspection in Entire City Daily 
Minneapolis, Minn. — Life and property in Minneapolis 
are to be further protected against fire by a new system of 
inspection that will cover every section of the city and will 
include every building except dwellings. The plan is C. W. 
Ringer's, the new Chief of the Fire Department. Ringer 
outlined his plans to the captains and assistant chiefs last 
week. The inspection will be begun at once. Ringer 
hopes to minimize the danger from fire. Schools will be 
given special attention, and extra precautions taken to safe- 
guard children. A fireman from each fire station in the 
city will be detailed every day of the year to make the 
rounds of buildings in the district surrounding each engine 
house. He will inspect buildings from top to bottom. He 
will see whether boilers are properly protected; whether 
debris is heaped in basements; whether elevator shafts are 
unprotected; whether ashes are dumped next to buildings. 
He will inspect fire escapes and report lack of fire escapes. 
"The firemen will study buildings so that in case of fire they 
will know exactly how to get into them and how best to 
fight flames. This inspection will include schools, 
churches, stores, halls, office buildings, flat buildings, hotels, 
warehouses, manufacturing plants; every important struc- 
ture in the city. Through this inspection the captain of 
each company will be familiar with his own district, and be 
able to inform a chief of exact conditions in case of fire," 
said Chief Ringer. 

Police Telephone Stations Established 

New York, N. Y. — The Police Department, following out 
a scheme framed by Commissioner Bingham, has set up six 
police booths in remote parts of Staten Island which con- 
tain telephones and are tended by policemen, some of them 
bicycle men. The idea is to furnish substations from 
which a man can be moved more quickly to a place of 
trouble than if he had to travel from the precinct house. A 
booth also has been set up at the Manhattan end of the 
Brooklyn Bridge which is connected by telephone with 
police headquarters and with the Oak Street Police Sta- 
tion. Another booth which has been at the Manhattan end 
of the bridge for years is connected only with the various 
telephone stations on the bridge and at the Brooklyn end. 

Asks State to Pay for Fireboat Maintenance 

Oakland, Cal. — Upon recommendation of Mayor Frank K. 
Mott the Board of Police and Fire Commissioners have 
adopted a resolution recommending the passage of a bill 
by the State Legislature whereby the State would con- 
tribute half the expense of maintaining the San Francisco 
fireboats. This was done in view of the fact than an ar- 
rangement has been made between San Francisco and Oak- 
land by which the latter city will be in a position to avail 
itself of the fireboats stationed in San Francisco bay, which 
can, in case of emergency, be used in connection with this 
city's recently installed high-pressure salt water system. 
This arrangement is not on a formal basis, and while no 
difficulty is feared by Oakland officials, it is thought that if 
such a bill is passed, making it mandatory for the boats 
to respond to various points on the bay in return for the 
payment of 50 per cent of the expenses of operation by the 
State, greater satisfaction will result. 

English Police Would Carry Arms 

London, England. — Since the killing of three police of 
ficers in the battle of Dec. 20 a movement has been 
started to allow the English police to go armed. Hitherto 
they have been unarmed. They wear, it is true, a short 
baton in a belt, but practically it is merely an emblem of 
office and authority and has not and could not be used as a 

Books for Fire Houses 

New York, X. Y. — In order that every member of the 
Fire Department shall have interesting and instructive 
reading matter at his command the chaplains of the Fire 
Department, acting with the approval of Commissioner 
Waldo, have taken steps to establish in every fire house a 
library. For weeks Chaplains Knapp, Smith, McGronen and 
Handel have discussed plans by which the firemen might be 
entertained and instructed during their long hours in quar- 
ters. Chief Croker is co-operating in the work. It was 
the desire of the chaplains to bring about the establish- 
ment of a special library for the firemen and the Commis- 
sioner took steps to interest those who are in a position to 
assist such a plan. Meantime, however, in order that the 
firemen shall have the benefit of such reading matter as 
they desire, arrangements have been made with the Pub- 
lic Library for a special supply of books. The Commis- 
sioner has designated Chaplain Knapp as the librarian for 
Manhattan, Bronx and Richmond, and Chaplain McGronen 
as librarian for Brooklyn and Queens. 

Pittsburg, Pa. — A free circulating library in every fire 
engine house of the city of Pittsburg is one of the possi- 
bilities of the very near future. This move doubtless will 
be expedited by the fact that to meet the educational and 
recreative needs of New York firemen an eight-foot shelf 
of books, especially suited to meet the wants of the fire 
fighters of Gotham is to be established by the New York 
Public Library in every station. 

When the matter was called to the attention of Samuel 
Harden Church, secretary of the Carnegie Institute Board, 
he said: "It is a capital idea and I am sure it could be 
worked successfully in Pittsburg. At present there are 175 
branch distributing centers of the Carnegie Library located 
in different sections of the city to enable book lovers to 
secure books, so you see the New York idea is not alto- 
gether a new one. I see no objection to the plan and 
rather favor the idea of providing the firemen with books." 

The New York plan originated from the fact that many 
firemen applied to public libraries near the stations for 
technical treatises on engines and hydraulics, as well as for 

Auto Chemical Is Good Hill Climber 

Rome, N. Y. — The new Seagrave auto chemical and hose 
wagon arrived last week and was given a trial trip. With 
Fire Chief Harrington and a number of the firemen and 
city officials as passengers, the machine was run into what 
are considered the hardest places in Rome. It went out 
through East Rome, climbing the Reynolds hill on far 
Second avenue on high gear, in spite of its unusual load of 
15 men. Coming back by devious paths, a trip was made 
to Shorter College Hill, the machine being driven into the 
college yard and backed out down to East Fourth and 
from there driven up the steep grade on Third avenue at 
the Conservatory of Music. These are places that not 
every runabout could negotiate and that are avoided by 
all automobilists. 

Annual Fire Loss in Selma 
Selma, Ala. — According to the annual report of Fire Chief 
Blakely, the Department responded to 121 alarms. The loss 
to property and contents was $46,731, on which the insur- 
ance was $43,000. The were two large fires, at one of which 
the loss was $12,868 and at the other $21,169. 

Small Fire Loss 
Wheeling, W. Va. — A report showing the total fire losses 
of the city for the past 12 years has been issued by Fire 
Chief Altmyer, and is of a very gratifying nature, in that it 
shows an extremely small loss for the year just completed. 
The 1910 total was $22,367.53, which was lower than that of 
any year since 1900, with the single exception of 1906, in 
which there were very few fires. In the year 1908 the loss 
was almost five times as great and in 1909 almost three 
times. The small amount, coupled with the large number 
of alarms and the fact that many of the fires would have 
been disastrous except for the excellent work of the de- 
partment, reflects the highest credit on Chief Altmyer and 
the firemen. During the year many radical improvements 
have been made and the department is on a modern and 
progressive basis. The present year will see still further 
improvements to equipment. 



Vol. XXX., No. 3. 


Adrian Council Is Ordered to Revise the City Charter 
Adrian. Mich'.— Copies of a writ of mandamus from the 
Supreme Court have been placed in the hands of Sheriff 
Knowres to be served on Mayor Treat, City Clerk Mawds- 
le"y and each of the City Aldermen, ordering them to pro 
ceed with a meeting for the purpose of electing commis- 
sioners to draft a new constitution for the city of Adrian. 
The serving of the papers is apparently the end of a long 
and arduous strife which has been waged ever since a reso- 
lution for charter revision was voted upon and carried at 
election nearly a year ago. The Council at the time refused 
to grant an appropriation for the work and the mandamus 
proceeding was taken up in the Circuit Court and finally 
carried to the Supreme Court. 

Commission Government Adopted 

Carbondale, 111. — Commission government was adopted 
Jan. 7 by a vote of 441 to 172. Less than half of the full 
vote was polled. 

Treasurer Demands Compliance with Law 

Burlington, N. J. — Compliance with the State law that 
requires that every municipal bill shall be presented to the 
Mayor for his approval and signature will be forced upon 
Conimon Council by the action of City Treasurer Joshua 
Taylor, who has refused to pay any more bills unless the 
Mayor signs them. The City Treasurer's action has caused 
a ! stir, as strict compliance with the statute makes Mayor 
Farner a censor of every expenditure. Business men and 
taxpayers generally are behind a movement that will recon- 
struct and put on a business basis the entire municipal 
financial system. They declare the City Treasurer, under 
the city charter, is the proper custodian for all municipal 
funds ; but that, by various methods which will not stand a 
legal test, large sums have been diverted to the custody of 
unbonded officials. 

Theory of City Wages Discussed 

Chicago, 111. — City Comptroller Walter H. Wilson has 
written a letter to Mayor Busse, stating that he finds a 
discrepancy in the average wage received by city employees 
and employees of private enterprises amounting to 30 per 
cent in favor of municipal workers. In his communication 
Mr. Wilson states the argument of those who claim that 
the municipal employees should be higher paid. The 
theory is, "The city's employees should have greater com- 
pensation because when entering the civic service they give 
up the hope for material advancement which private 
business alluringly holds out for the future. It must also 
be borne in mind that the civil-service law permits the 
same compensation to the city's clerks of like position, 
without the power to differentiate as to personal ability and 
capacity permitted in private offices." 

Insurgent Councilmen in Indiana 

Hammond, Ind. — Every city in the Calumet region in 
Indiana, Hammond, Gary and East Chicago, has a majority 
of insurgent councilmen who have completely blocked the 
municipal government, the Mayors and the Boards of Public 
Works. Mayor Knotts, of Gary, is tied hand and foot. 
East Chicago's Council has balked at Mayor A. G. Schlie- 
ker's pet measures, the defiant majority declaring the Mayor 
had had his way long enough. The Hammond insurgent 
Aldermen rejected contracts made by the Board of Public 
Works and made it plain they were to rule according to 
lines laid down by the Indiana State Association of Coun- 
cilmen, which will fight for aldermanic power or commis- 
sion government. 

Municipal Election in Mingo County 

Kermit, W. Va. — At Kermit, Mingo county, where the 
Adkins family of feud fame is numerous, Dick Adkins was 
refused a ballot by the election commissioners. Adkins 
vowed that if he was not allowed to vote no one else should. 
Revolver in hand, he is alleged to have taken possession of 
the ballot box and tossed it into Tug River. This ended 
the election so far as Kermit was concerned. Adkin was 
arrested. The higher courts will Be asked to determine 
what has been the result of the election. 

Commission Government Elections 

Aloline, 111. — Commission government was adopted Jan- 
uary 3 by a majority of 535. 

Rock Island, 111. — Commission government was adopted 
January 3 by a majority of 812. 

Springfield, 111. — Commission government was adopted 
January 3 by a vote of 3699 to 3029. The opposition was 
led by local brewery interests, saloon windows having been 
placarded with "vote no" signs. 

Rockford, 111. — Commission government was defeated at 
an election January 3 by a vote of 4029 to 1097. 

Texarkana, Tex. — Commission government was adopted 
January 3 by a vote of 108 to 47. The recall feature carried 
by a vote of in to 30. Only 155 votes out of a total of 
about 1,200 in the city were cast in the election. 

Points in Montclair's Proposed New Charter 

Montclair, X. J. — Charles H. Hartshorne, Chairman of 
the Law Committee of the Town Council, has explained 
the proposed new town charter as follows: In the new 
charter the Mayor is given the power of nominating all 
town officials, he said, and the Town Council approves or 
disapproves his choice. Other provisions of the new char- 
ter are the election of councilmen-at-large, the short ballot, 
through nominations of officials by the Mayor, non-parti- 
zan nominations, the appointment of a committee to ex- 
amine into the fitness of the Mayor's candidates for office 
and a looser organization of town government by a division 
into four departments — town affairs, finance, public safety 
and roads and sewers, each eventually to be placed in 
charge of an expert. 

City Funds to Be Deposited with Highest Bidder. 

Muskogee, Okla. — An ordinance has been passed provid- 
ing that the sinking and interest funds and all other city 
funds not needed for ordinary administrative expenses 
shall be placed as time deposits with the bank or banks 
offering the highest rate of interest upon daily balances. 
The Mayor and Council are empowered to require all de- 
positories of city funds to put up a sufficient bond. Where 
two or more banks offer the same amount of interest the 
funds are to be equally divided. 

New York Charter Report Ready 

New York, N. Y. — The Charter Revision Commission has 
completed its work and its report is now being prepared 
for the Legislature. It will be presented about February 1. 

Declares for Municipal Ownership and Control 

Springfield, Mass. — Declaring that the experience of other 
cities and "gocd business" demands it, Mayor Edward H. 
Lathrop in his inaugural address in Memorial Hall declared 
that the time has come, if it has not passed, when the city 
should consider taking over the property and franchise 
rights of the gas and electric companies. He again urged 
that there be an auditing of the affairs of all the city depart- 
ments, and severely questioned the value to the public of 
the merging of the Springfield & Eastern with the Spring- 
field street railway. In the latter connection he said that it 
means the paying of $36,000 a year in dividends on "nothing 
of value," and that the public should bear this in mind 
when improvements involving expense are asked of the 

City Charter Completed 

Oklahoma City, Okla. — Members of the Board of Free- 
holders have completed the work of drafting a new charter 
for Oklahoma City and have appointed Claud Weaver and 
Clark Hudson as a committee to arrange the final draft of 
the charter. The Board will present the document to the 
Mayor, after which time he may call an election for its 
ratification or rejection. The charter incorporates a pure 
commission idea of city government, ward lines left out 
except for school board purposes, the commissioners elected 
directly to their offices, which would be impossible under 
a system by which they were elected from wards, the initia- 
tive and referendum, the recall and the civil service. The 
Board held its first meeting six weeks ago, having com- 
pleted the document in about one-half the time consumed 
by former boards. 

^NUARY l8, I9II. 




City's Streets Cleaned at Half Average Cost 
Corning, N. Y. — From the report of Superintendent of 
ublic Works Canfield it appears that regular sweeping of 
le paved streets was begun on March 20 and continued 
ith a force of twelve men until October 21, and with a 
:duced force until December 2. The average length of 
avement swept daily by each man was 2,475 lineal feet, or 
025 square yards. The daily cost of sweeping per 10,000 
mare yards was $1.66. In 1909 the cost was $1.74; in 
)o8, $1.90; 1907, $2.16, and in 1906, $2.28. From investi- 
itions made a few years ago of the cost of street cleaning 
1 210 cities it was found that the average cost of sweeping 
reets by machines averaged $7.53 per 10,000 square yards, 
f hand $2.45 per 10,000 square yards, and flushing the 
reets about $3.18 per 10,000 square yards; that the cost 
ir capita per annum of cleaning the streets in cities east 
Mississippi was, in 1904-1905, 53 cents, and that the cost 
those cities which kept their streets well cleaned was 
i cents per capita per annum. The entire sum expended 
street cleaning this year was $3,531.79, which is equal to 
1 cents per capita, according to the last census. 

Regulating Disposition of Rubbish and Care of Cans 
West Orange, N. J. — On the recommendation of the West 
range Improvement League, an ordinance has been passed 
iposing a penalty of $5 tor throwing rubbish in the street, 
id requiring that all garbage and ash receptacles shall be 
moved from the street when emptied. The ordinance 
so provides the same penalty for destroying or damag- 
g receptacles for refuse belonging to the town. 


Power to Void Street Car Company's Privileges 

Indianapolis, Ind. — If the citizens of Indianapolis believe 
e Indianapolis Traction & Terminal Company has not 
mplied with its franchise obligation in the matter of 
lilding cross-town street car lines and paving between 
. tracks, they have the privilege, under a State law, of 
ving suit brought for the annulment of the company's 
inchise. In 1899 the State Legislature passed a law (the 
dianapolis Street Railway Law) governing street rail- 
ly companies in cities of more than one hundred thou- 
nd inhabitants, making it lawful for such companies to 
itain from the city a franchise of not more than 34 years' 
ration. The franchise of the Indianapolis Traction & 
;rminal Company was granted in 1902 under this law. 

!ity Said to Have Ample Power Over Traction Lines 

New York, N. Y. — The rapid transit committee of the 
lamber of Commerce has made a report which takes the 
isition that the amendments made to the rapid transit act 
1909 give the city effective control of the future devel- 
iment and operation of transit lines. It is stated that the 
ntrol given the city by the amendments carries with it 
e recall of any franchise and greatly strengthens the 
gulating powers relating already to the operation at 
esent vested in the Public Service Commission. 

Revive Claims for Damage by Electrolysis 

St. Paul, Minn. — Assemblyman Kane believes the Com- 
on Council should put life into the electrolysis suit if 
ere is any merit in the action brought by the city against 
e St. Paul Street Railway Company for $500,000 for 
leged damages to water pipe by electrolysis. With a 
ew of learning the present status of the suit he succeeded 

having adopted by the Assembly last week a resolution 
questing the Water Board to furnish the Council with 
ta covering all phases of the case from December, 1002, 
len the suit was instituted, to the present time. Dr. Kane 
id the suit had been continued from time to time and he 
iubted if any member of the Common Council could tell 

what shape it is to-day. He said much money had been 
pended to obtain scientific data bearing on the electrol- 
is question and material sums had been spent for special 
unsel for the Water Board. He also inquired if the 
mpany had agreed to pay any damages by reason of 
ipulations continuing the suit from time to time. 

Trenton Trolley Passes Go 
Trenton, N. J. — As a forerunner of the better service 
promised patrons, the Trenton & Mercer County Traction 
Corporation, which is now in temporary control of the 
lines of the Trenton Street Railway Company, has an- 
nounced that all free transportation will be recalled. This 
will affect 500 persons, among them being many of the 
officials of this city and of Mercer county. No one will be 
permitted to ride in the cars as a "dead head" other than 
employees of the company and firemen and policemen, 
when in uniform. Among those who must give up their 
"annuals" are members of the Common Council and other 
city officials who have failed to respect the action a year 
ago of the Council, which directed that all passes should 
be returned. 


Ordinance Against Prize Fights and Pictures 
Ardmore, Okla. — The Board of City Commissioners has 
passed an ordinance against the showing of prize-fight pic- 
tures or the holding of prize fights or boxing contests 
of any kind within the city limits. 

New Department of Landscape Gardening 

Columbus, O. — The semiannual appropriation ordinance 
submitted to Council by Mayor Marshall provides for a 
new department, that of Landscape Gardening and For- 
restry. The sum of $5,000 is allowed the department for 
the first year. 

A Municipal Challenge 
Memphis, Tenn. — Mayor E. H. Crump has sent the fol- 
lowing telegram to Mayor F. H. Kreismann, of St. Louis, 

Mayor F. H. Kreismann, St. Louis: 

The City of Memphis hereby challenges the City of St. Louis to 
a public comparison of their respecthe advantages, industrially, 
commercially, socially and educationally. We assert that Mem- 
phis is a better city to dwell in and do well in than St. Louis. It 
possessts grtater advantages in each of the above particulars 
generally and Specifically, and that a friendly, tiank comparison 
of the two communities will prove the fact which Memphis claims. 
As chief executive of the great city of St. Louis, do vou accept 
the issue? K. H. CRUMP. 

Mayor of Memphis. 

Place Municipal Reference Library Under Public Library 
Milwaukee, Wis. — Council has decided to place the mu- 
nicipal reference library under the jurisdiction of the public 
library and appropriated $5,000 additional for the use of the 
library board to carry additional expense. The library is 
to be retained in the City Hall. 

Enjoins Increase in Telephone Rates 
Portland, Ind. — The City Council has directed the filing 
of an injunction suit to prevent an increase of the price 
charged for service by the Home Telephone Company. 
Recently the company announced an increase of 25 cents 
a month, making the price $2.25 a month for business 
houses and offices and $1.25 for residences. When the new 
rates became effective with the first of the year, perhaps 
fifty telephones were removed and others have served 
notice of similar action. 

War on Bucket Shops 
San Francisco, Cal. — Mayor McCarthy wishes the city of 
San Francisco to join forces with the postal department in 
the war on bucket shops. In a letter to the Board of 
Supervisors he urges the passage of an ordinance to outlaw 
the professional stock' gamblers and to make it an offense 
even to enter their establishments. In the draft ordinance 
he presented penalties of $500 and imprisonment up to six 
months are provided. 

Plan Municipal Exhibit 
Toledo, O. — To plan for a municipal exhibit to be held in 
Memorial Hall, Mayor Whitlock called all of the heads of 
city departments together in his office last week and started 
them at work in gathering material for the city show. The 
dates have not been announced. It is planned to hold the 
fair for a week, with a noted expert on some municipal 
topic to lecture each evening. The object of the show will 
be to acquaint the people with their government in all its 
branches and to make practical demonstration of the work 
that is being done. 



Vol. XXX., No * 


A Summary and Notes of Recent Decisions — Rulings 
of Interest to Municipalities 

Computation of Indebtedness — Deductions 

Elliot vs. City of Philadelphia el al.— Act April 20, 1874, 
provides that the word "indebtedness" of a city shall in- 
clude all manner of debt, floating, as well as funded, and 
that the net amount therof shall be ascertained by deducting 
from the gross amount, the moneys in the treasury, out- 
standing solvent debts and revenues applicable within one 
year to the payment of such debt. Held that, while mu- 
nicipal authorities cannot arbitrarily say that every claim 
of the city is an outstanding solvent debt or that revenues 
necessary to pay current expenses can be set aside to pay 
outstanding obligations, yet where there are bona fide out- 
standing debts due the city and x revenues not necessary to 
meet current expenses are available for the payment of 
debts within the year, such deductions can be made under 
the statute in ascertaining the net indebtedness. — Supreme 
Court of Pennsylvania, 78 A. R., 107. 

Bonds for Manual Training School 

Maxcy vs. City of Oshkosh et al.— Under statute 1898, 
as amended by laws 1903, authorizing a city to vote bonds 
"for the erection, construction and completion" of school 
buildings, a city may issue bonds for the erection, con- 
struction and equipment of a manual training school since 
a school building is not completed within the statute until 
it is ready for use and occupancy and since the word "com- 
pletion" must be given some force, and is not synonymous 
with the words "erection" and "construction." — Supreme 
Court of Pennsylvania, 78 A. R., 107. 

Action on Surety Bond — Extra Work 

City of Fergus Falls vs. Illinois Surety Co.— While pay- 
ments to a contractor in excess of the amounts stipulated 
in the contract will release a surety company pro tanto, 
mere irregularities in the issuance of estimates upon which 
such payments are based will not so release it unless 
actual prejudice has resulted. A secret and unlawful agree- 
ment between the contractor and the engineer in charge 
to share in the profits of the contract does not release the 
surety. A charter provision of a municipality, providing, 
in case of default by a contractor in the performance of a 
public improvement, that the city shall furnish the labor 
and materials necessary to complete the contract, is com- 
plied with by letting one or more contracts for such com- 
pletion. When a contract provides for the ordering of 
extra work, the requiring of such extras does not violate 
or change the contract, so as to release the surety. Unless 
the new contracts let after the default for the completion 
of the original contract differ so materially from the 
original as to amount to a departure from it, resulting in 
enhanced cost, the surety is not released. Although the 
estimates for payment during construction contain im- 
proper items, if the amount actually paid does not exceed 
the stipulated percentage of the amount which might in 
good faith be properly allowed, the surety is not dis- 
charged. In an action upon a contractor's bond after 
default, when it appears that the original contractor per- 
formed extra work, its value should be added to the con- 
tract price and the sum so found deducted from the amount 
the obligee was compelled to pay. — Supreme Court of 
Minnesota, 128 N. W. R., 820. 

Contract for Water — Violation — Burden of Proof 

Antigo Water Co. vs. City of Antigo. — The water com- 
pany having sued the city for hydrant rentals, under con- 
tract provisions of an ordinance, and the city having denied 
liability, alleging that the service was not rendered as 
provided in the ordinance in that the system did not meet 
a required test as to capacity, and therefore that nothing 
ever became due therefrom under the ordinance, the burden 
of proof was on the water company throughout the trial 
to establish its claim by a preponderance of evidence, by 
showing that the service furnished complied with the terms 
of the ordinance and was sufficient to meet the test ' re- 
quired.— Supreme Court of Wisconsin, 128 N. W. R., 888. 

Streets — Alleys — Boundaries 

Town of New Castle et al. vs. Hunt et al. — The 11101111- 
ments marking the initial point for the only plat of defend- 
ant town which was ever made were destroyed so that no 
accurate survey can now be made. The lines of an alley 
abutting plaintiff's property were marked by permanent 
improvements as they now exist from the time the prop- 
erty was first occupied, and at two different times the city 
engineer marked the boundary lines in conformity with 
such improvements and the town's claim that such im- 
provements encroached upon the alley was first made over 
75 years after the property was originally occupied. The 
improvements marking alley line consist of a hedge fence, 
houses, etc., and a $4,000 residence. Held, that the town 
could not now claim that the lines of the alley as marked 
by the improvements were not the true lines. — Appellate 
Court of Indiana, 93 N. E. R., 173. 

Excavation in Street — Action for Death 

Voelker vs. Hill-O'Meara Construction Company. — Under 
the rule that one suing for negligent death must prove 
not only negligence, but that decedent met his death by 
reason thereof, and the causal connection as a fact, it is 
sufficient where the facts proved are of such a nature and 
are so connected and related to each other that the con- 
clusion therefrom may be fairly inferred. There is no pre- 
sumption of law that decedent for whose death an action 
is brought committed suicide, and where the surroundings 
do not indicate how he came to be where he was when 
found, the presumption is that it was without design. In 
questions touching the conduct of men, motives, feelings 
and natural instincts constitute evidence for the jury. In 
an action against a contractor excavating in a sidewalk 
without guarding the excavation or maintaining warning 
lights as required by a city ordinance for the death of a 
pedestrian falling into the excavation, evidence held to 
justify a finding that decedent met his death by falling 
into the excavation while walking on the sidewalk, author- 
izing a recovery. — St. Louis Court of Appeals, Missouri, 
121 S. W. R., 906. 

City's Liability for Notary's Fee 

Morgan vs. City of New York. — The city of New York 
is not liable for the official fees of a notary public or com- 
missioner of deeds verifying affidavits at the request of a 
city or county official, but the remedy of the notary or 
commisioner is against the person procuring the service, 
and the fee must be demanded of the officer at the time of 
the rendition of the service or within such time thereafter 
as will enable the officer in the presentation of his claim 
tor audit to include the same and he reimbursed. — New 
York Supreme Court, 125 N. Y. S., 1034. 

Notaries' Fees — Responsibility of City 
Bookman vs. City of New York. — Code civil procedure 
specifically allows a notary to demand his fee for admin- 
istering an oath in advance, and section 3291 provides for 
the reimbursement of an officer who is required to take an 
oath, etc. Held, that in view of these provisions, a notary 
who administers an oath to a municipal officer must de- 
mand his remuneration from such officer, who in turn may 
be reimbursed by the city, but the city cannot be held liable 
directly to the notary. — Court of Appeals of New York, 93 
N. E. R., 190. 

Action for Injuries — Harmless Error 
Barnes vs. City of St. Joseph. — Where, in an action 
against a city for injuries by falling into a hole in a side- 
walk, the evidence showed conclusively that plaintiff fell 
into a hole in the walk which was made by surface water, 
and was of a size and depth sufficient to be dangerous to 
travelers, especially on a dark, rainy night, as was that in 
question, and that it had existed for four months before 
the injury, error in an instruction which assumed to cover 
the whole case, and directed a verdict for not requiring the 
jury to find that the hole made the sidewalk unsafe to 
pedestrians and not instructing that the city was entitled 
to a reasonable time after actual or constructive notice 
thereof in which to repair the defect was not prejudicial 
to the city and hence was not reversible. — Kansas City 
Court of Appeals, 132 S. W. R., 318. 

January 18, 191 i. 



City's Liability for Purity of Water Supply 

Oakes Mfg. Co. vs. City of New York. — Where a mu- 
nicipality maintains a public water system it is acting as a 
governmental agency and is therefore not liable for negli- 
gence in maintaining the water supply. Where a ministerial 
duty is specifically imposed by statute or otherwise upon 
a municipality, it is liable for the negligence of its officers 
in the performance of such duty. Greater New York char- 
ter makes the consolidated city the successor of the con- 
stituent municipalities, with all their rights, powers and 
duties. Section 517 vests in the city of New York and 
places on the commissioner of water supply the rights, 
powers and obligations of Long Island City as to the pub- 
lic water supply. Sections 479 and 483 further charge the 
commissioner of water supply with maintaining the purity 
of the water supply. Long Island City Charter provided 
for water commissioners, with power to establish a water 
supply, and made it their duty to take all proper measures 
to preserve the purity and sufficiency of the water. Held, 
that even if a duty was imposed on the consolidated city 
in favor of inhabitants of Long Island City to provide a 
public supply of water, an error in selecting a source of 
supply which was subject to contamination by sea water 
was error in the exercise of a discretion judicial in its 
nature and imposed no liability on the consolidated city 
for damages. — New York Supreme Court, 125 N. Y. S., T030. 

Street Railway Franchise — Breach of Contract 

City of York vs. York Railways Company. — That the city 
stood by and saw work done on the line after expiration 
of the period set for its completion, required the company 
to expend money in paving a street and accepted the per- 
centage of the gross earnings on the track laid stipulated 
for in the ordinance did not estop the city from collecting 
the amount stipulated in the contract as damages for 
default in completing and operating the railway on time, 
where it did not appear that the city claimed a forfeiture of 
the franchise of the railway company or questioned its 
right to use the part of the line that the railway company 
had completed and was paying the percentage upon. — 
Supreme Court of Pennsylvania, 78 A. R., 128. 

Street Improvement — Taxes — Injunction 

Dubbert et al. vs. City of Cedar Falls et al. — A city coun- 
cil's resolution of necessity for a street improvement hav- 
ing been regularly adopted, notice thereof having been 
given, persons having made objection before the council, 
not only as property owners but as taxpayers, and the 
work having been ordered by proper action, the council 
acquired jurisdiction to proceed so that a tax thereafter 
levied for the street improvement fund, out of which the 
expenses of the improvement not taxable to abutting prop- 
erty were to be met was not a tax levied without juris- 
diction. Mere irregularities on the part of the tribunal 
having jurisdiction to proceed with the levy of a tax to 
pay part of the expense of a street improvement cannot be 
raised by a taxpayer in an action to enjoin collection of 
the tax. — Supreme Court of Iowa, 128 N. W. R., 949. 


Street Titles — Ownership of Fee — Plats 

Williams vs. City of Chicago. — The plat of Ft. Dearborn 
addition to the city of Chicago, made by the United States 
in substantial compliance with the statute of Illinois then 
in force, vested in the city of Chicago the fee to the streets, 
alleys and public grounds designated on the plat as com- 
pletely as if made by an unconditional conveyance in the 
ordinary form, so that the city could charge owners of lots 
abutting upon streets within the addition for the use of sub- 
sidewalk space in the streets. — Supreme Court of Illinois, 93 
\*. E. R., 165. 

Street Titles — Ownership of Easement 

Northwestern Safe & Trust Company vs. City of Chicago. 
— Quincy street, in Chicago, being laid out in 1854 by plat 
not certified and acknowledged as required by the statute 
then in force, the city acquired only an easement and not 
the fee therein, which remained in the abutting owners. — 
Supreme Court of Illinois, 93 N. E. R., 169. 

Street Titles — Ownership of Fee 

Sheldon vs. City of Chicago. — The fee in all of the streets 
in the original town of Chicago rests in the city of Chicago. 
— Supreme Court of Illinois, 93 N. E. R., 167. 

Title to Street — Invalid Dedication 

Farwell vs. City of Chicago et al. — Where a Chicago 
street was opened by a plat made in 185 1 and recorded in 
1852, which plat was acknowledged before a county clerk 
in Connecticut, who was not authorized by statute to take 
acknowledgments of plats, the title to the street did not 
pass to the city; and the maker of the plat, when he sub- 
sequently conveyed lots abutting on the street, conveyed 
to the center of the street, so that the city could not re- 
quire abutting owners to obtain a permit before using 
space beneath the surface of the streets adjoining their 
premises in a manner not interfering with the public ease- 
ment. — Supreme Court of Illinois, 93 N. E. R., 168. 

Use of Subsurface Space — Street Acquired by Condemnation 

Illinois Trust & Savings Bank et al. vs. City of Chicago. — 
The plat of school section addition to Chicago being a com- 
mon law plat, not having been certified, signed or indorsed 
as required by the statute in force at the time, the fee to 
Monroe street therein is in the abutting owners, and the 
city cannot require them to obtain a permit to use the space 
underneath sidewalks adjoining their property in such street 
in a manner not interfering with the public easement. 
Where a city condemns property for a street, it acquires 
only an easement therein, the fee remaining in the abutting 
owners, and they cannot be required to obtain a permit to 
use the space underneath the sidewalks adjoining their 
property on such street in a manner not interfering with 
the public easement. — Supreme Court of Illinois, 93 N. E. 
R., 169. 

Rights of City to Compensation 

Sears vs. City of Chicago. — An ordinance provided that 
no person should use space underneath the surface of a 
street or construct or maintain any structure thereunder 
without a permit from the city, and that every applicant 
ior such a permit should file a $10,000 bond to keep the city 
harmless from any claim of damage arising out of the use 
of such space or structure, and that a certain compensa- 
tion should be paid for such use. Held, that the ordinance 
was valid as to owners of lots located upon streets in which 
the city owned the fee, but could not be enforced against 
owners of lots abutting upon streets wherein the city had 
only an easement. — Supreme Court of Illinois, 93 N. E. 
R., 158. 

Permit for Use of Subsurface Space — Reasonableness 

Tacoma Safety Deposit Company vs. City of Chicago. — 
An ordinance providing that no person shall use space 
under a street nor maintain any structure thereunder with- 
out a permit from the commissioner of public works of the 
city, requiring a $10,000 bond to save the city harmless 
from claim of damage arising from the use of such space 
or structure and for maintenance of the street, exacting a 
rental, when the space so used does not extend more than 
15 feet below the surface of the street and the adjoining 
property is subject to general taxation, of a sum equal to 4 
per cent of the amount determined by multiplying the 
number of square feet of surface over the space so used by 
a sum equal to one-tenth of the land value of the average 
square foot in the lot abutting on such space, as fixed by 
the last assessment thereof for general taxation, the annual 
compensation in no case to be less than $10, providing that 
the ordinance shall not apply to one using such space at 
the time under any ordinance theretofore passed requiring 
payment of compensation for such use, if such person is 
making such payments, nor so long as such payments are 
made according to the terms of such ordinance, and pro- 
viding that, if any person using space underneath a street, 
sidewalk, etc., shall fail to take out a permit as provided in 
the ordinance within 90 days after it takes effect, the com- 
missioner of public works shall proceed to remove such 
structure and close the space therein, as applied to streets 
in which the fee is in the city, is not unreasonable nor dis- 
criminatory. — Supreme Court of Illinois, 93 N. E. R., 153. 

9 8 


Vol. XXX., No. 3. 


Sludge Drying Machine. 
A GERMAN sewage sludge drying ma- 
chine, called the Shafer-ter-mur, is be- 
ing offered to municipal authorities by 
the Lathbury-D'Olier Company, Morris 
Building, Philadelphia, Pa. The dryer, 
which is a centrifugal machine, is 
claimed to convert raw sewage sludge 
rapidly into inodorous matter that can 
be easily handled. 
The machine works | 
automatically, dry- 
ing the sludge by 
centrifugal action 
until a sufficient 
amount of compara- 
tively dry sludge is 
accumulated, a n d 
than discharging in 
such a manner that 
it is broken up and 
is easy to handle. 
The machine con- 
sists essentially of a 
drum which is fitted 
with a central tube 
for the introduction 
of the raw sludge, 
and contains a num- 
ber of chambers. 
The chambers are 
provided with 
sieves fitted with 
checking devices. 
From a reservoir 
above the sludge enters the chambers 
by way of the central tube. As 
the cylinder revolves, the sludge is 
forced toward the outer walls. The 
water passes through the sieves and 
flows off by an annular pipe. Fresh 
sludge enters and goes through the 
same process until the chambers are 
filled with dry sludge. Then a door is 
opened, the sludge thrown out by cen- 
trifugal force and as it strikes the walls 
of the outer shell, in which the revolv- 
ing cylinder is encased, it is broken up, 
falls to the floor and is wheeled away in 
barrows. The process is then repeated. 
In installations now in operation from 
70 to 140 cubic feet per hour of raw ma- 
terial have been treated, giving a resi- 
due of dry sludge weighing from 660 to 
1000 pounds. The power required to 
operate varies from 8 to 10 horsepower. 

Gasoline Traction Engine. 

A traction engine is made by Fair- 
banks, Morse & Co., Chicago, 111., 
which is driven by a 25-horsepower, i» 
cylinder, horizontal, water-cooled, 4- 
cycle gasoline engine of the usual Fair- 
banks-Morse construction. Make-and- 
break ignition is used with current from 
a magneto. Dry batteries are provided 


for starting. The cooling water is cir- 
culated by a belted centrifugal pump 
and is kept cool by means ot a screen 
cooling tank mounted at the front end 
of the frame. The tank has a peaked 
top consisting of two inclined screens. 
The heated water from the jackets is 
delivered at the peak of the tank and 
runs down over the screens, being 
cooled by evaporation. The engine is 
started by means of a hand pump with 
which the initial charge of air and gaso- 
line mixture is forced into the cylinder. 
The transmission of power from engine 
to rear wheels is through a friction 
clutch, differential shaft and spur gear- 
ing. Only one gear ratio and a reverse 
are provided. The ratios are 1:20 for- 
ward and 1 132.5 on the reverse. Speeds 
of from 1.7 to 2.5 mi. per hr. are ob- 
tained by varying the engine speed from 




1 75 to 250 r. p. in. The maximum draw- 
bar pull available, after allowing for ef- 
ficiency of transmission, should be 
about 2,700 lbs. The same clutch is 
made to serve for both the drive and 
the belt pulley. The truck frame is 
made of structural steel channels and 
I-beams. A removable canopy top of 
galvanized steel roofing is provided. 
The diameter of the rear wheels is 72 
inches, with 20-inch face and diagonal 
cleats of malleable iron. The floor 
space occupied by the tractor is 8 feet 
9 inches by 15 feet. The weight is 14,- 
500 pounds. The manufacturers will 
send catalogue 1313 giving further de- 
tails on request. 

New Extension Service Box. 
The H. Mueller Manufacturing Com- 
pany, Decatur, 111., and New York City, 
have recently placed on the market a 
new extension service box of their own 
manufacture, which possesses many 
points of advantage. It is designed to 
obviate the annoyance and expense to 
which companies are subjected by rea- 
son of theft, breakage and vandalism. 

The box is made in the Arch and 
Minneapolis patterns, the latter being il- 
lustrated here: 

The trouble aris- 
ing with many ser- 
vice boxes, by rea- 
son of being raised 
by frost, cannot, it 
is claimed, occur 
with the Mueller 
Extension Service 
boxes. The stand- 
pipe slides freely 
in the base, and if 
there is any action 
by frost only the 
standpipe is 
moved. The base 
remains rigid. The 
standpipe returns 
to its original po- 
sition under slight 
pressure. In case 
of a heavy weight 
on the cap the 
standpipe yields to 
the pressure and 
there is no strain 
on the base or the 
connection. The 
length of the box 
can be changed- at 
any time through 
a range of one 
foot. On the low- 
er end of the 
standpipe are two 
forged key ways 
which fit keys on 

the inside of the base, thus giving a 
double lock on the pipe. A strong cir- 
cular spring in a recess of the base 
holds the standpipe to any desired po- 
sition. The spring cannot be lost and 
it can only be removed by considerable 

The cap is extra heavy and has a 
brass bushing to fit the standpipe. The 
bushing is firmly imbedded in the cap. 
This is done by placing the flanged end 
up and permitting the iron to run 
around it when casting. It cannot be 
removed except by the actual destruc- 
tion of the cap, and the cap cannot be 
taken from the box except by the use 
of the spanner. 

The rod is of wrought iron with a 
malleable iron clamp forged on the low- 
er end to fit flat or square head cocks. 
The rod is held in position on the cock 
key by means of an annealed heavy 
brass wire pin, which fits in holes 
drilled in both jaws of the clamp and 





he key head. The upper end of the 
od is forged to fit the shut-off key. In 
loxes for y 2 to 1% inch cocks a wave 
s forged in the upper end of the rod to 
:eep it in a central position. In the 
loxes for larger cocks the rod is of suf- 
icient size to do this without the wave, 
rhe key for the smaller boxes is made 
•f malleable iron, and for the larger 
ioxes of wrought steel. All keys are of 
he combination type — that is, for tak- 
ng off the cap and for digging away 
irt and ice. 

Dry Powder Extinguisher. 

The Manville Fire Extinguisher, 
lade by the H. W. Johns-Manville 
"o., 100 William street, New York 
-ity, consists of a metallic tube 22 
lches long and 2% inches in diameter 
lied with a dry chemical compound, 
omposed of fire chemicals having the 
esired properties for extinguishing fire 
nd harmless to anything else. This 
owder, when brought into contact with 
re, generates a large quantity of ear- 
on dioxide gas, which absorbs the oxy- 
en in the air without which no fire can 
ve. The extinguishers are hung on 
ooks placed conveniently where fire 
rotection is needed. A downward jerk 
;moves a friction cap at the top of the 
vlinder which carries the hook, and 
le extinguisher is ready for use. The 
lanville extinguisher will put out gas- 
line or other oil fires. 

The Pedestal Pile. 

The apparatus necessary to form the 
edestal Pile consists of a casing and a 
)re. The casing is a steel pipe, 16 
ches in diameter and Y% inch thick, 
ith outside reinforcing bands, top and 
Dttom. The core is a smaller and 
nger pipe, with a cast steel point and 
l enlarged cast steel head. The core 
:s inside the casing, its enlarged head 
igaging the top of the casing and its 
wer pointed end projecting some 4 or 
feet below the casing. In the head of 
e core there is an cak driving block 
hich receives the blows of the hairi- 
er. The core is fitted into the casing 
id both are driven into the ground to 
e desired depth. 

The core is then pulled out, and a 
large of concrete is dropped to the 
ittom of the casing. The rammer is 
en lowered into the casing and driven 
>wn through this concrete. As a re- 
lit the concrete is compressed and is 
reed out against the soil, pushing 
tck and compacting the surrounding 
rth. The operation is repeated. The 
mmer being withdrawn, another 
large of concrete is dropped down hi- 
de the shell and the rammer again 
iven through it, causing the concrete 
be forced out still further into the 
rrounding earth. This process is con- 

tinued until a sufficient volume of con- 
crete has been rammed down to insure 
a footing of the desired size. The ram 
is then removed and the casing is filled 
to the top with wet concrete. 

The casing is removed slowly and 
evenly, the concrete falling into posi- 
tion and tilling out the thin space for- 
merly occupied by the casing. For this 
reason, after the casing has been com- 


pletely removed, the surface of the con- 
crete in the shell will be found to have 
sunk some 3 to 6 feet, according to the 
length of the pile. The volume of con- 
crete represented by this sinkage has 
been found to agree exactly with the 
volume of the casing wall which it re- 
places. This fact has been confirmed 
with Pedestal Piles placed in mud, soft 
clay, trash fills and quicksand, proving 
conclusively that there is no flowing 
in of the earth after the casing is with- 
drawn. The resulting pile is a column 
17 inches in diameter with an enlarged 
base or pedestal, as shown in the photo- 

Switchboard for Kioto (Japan) Munic- 
ipal Water Works. 

Two switchboards of considerable 
size have lately been built by the Gen- 
eral Electric Company of Schenectady, 
N. Y., for the Kioto Municipal Water 
Works, Japan. The generating station 

board is shown in the illustration. It 
is 40 feet long and consists of 24 3-sec- 
tion marble panels, supported on a pipe 
framework. This framework also car- 
ries the oil switches, disconnecting 
.switches, instrument transformers and 
several sets of buses. The station 
equipment controlled from this board 
consists of 2 turbo exciters, 125 volts, 
125 kilowatt; 5 3-phase turbo genera- 
tors, 6600 volt, 1500 kilowatt, 60 cycles; 
3 3-phase outgoing lines, 6600 volts, to 
sub-station; 1 bank of transformers, 
6600/3500 volt; 7 3-phase feeders, 3500 
volt; 3 3-phase, 4-wire feeders, 3500 


Each exciter has a triple-pole, double- 
throw switch and a double set of buses 
so arranged that either exciter can be 
used to excite the generator fields, 
while the other is used for station light- 
ing and auxiliary power. The alternat- 
ing current generator panels, in addition 
to the usual instrument and synchro- 
nizing equipment, have reverse current 
relays for automatically tripping the oil 
switches on a reversal of current which 
might result from a short circuit in the 
winding of the generator or from a 
failure of the prime mover. The panels 
controlling the different lines and feed- 
er circuits are equipped with inverse 
time limit overload relays in connection 
with automatic oil switches, in addition 
to the indicating instruments. 

Continuity of service was considered 
of primary importance in the design of 
this switchboard, and to insure this an 
arrangement of spare equipment was 
adopted. For the transformer bank, 
consisting of 3 750-kilcwatt single-phase 
units, one spare transformer of the 
same capacity was installed to take the 
place of any disabled unit. These four 
transformers are connected through 
transfer switches on the primary and 
secondary sides to enable the operator 
to disconnect any unit and connect the 
spare for service in the shortest possi- 
ble time. Spare oil switches for both 
the three-phase, three-wire, and the 
three-phase, four-wire feeder systems, 
connect the main feeder bus with a set 
of emergency buses, to which any feed- 
er circuit can be connected through 
transfer switches. The feeder oil 
switches are provided with disconnect- 
ing switches on each side and can be 
taken cut of service for inspection and 
cleaning without interrupting the cir- 
cuit. A ring *bus system is used, by 
which certain groups of feeders may be 
connected to different generators inde- 
pendent of other groups or of the whole 
system operated together. The sub-sta- 
tion switchbi ard consists of 12 marble 
panels and is very similar to the board 
r •• *' e venerating station. Snare trans- 
former systems and oil switch arrange- 
ments for the two stations are identical. 

a jj j j.ijl j-l 





Organization of City Officials for 
standardizing Paving Specifications.— 
1 he second annual convention was held 
in New York City, January 10 to 13 in- 
clusive, the Executive Committee hold- 
ing a final meeting 011 Saturday, the 
14H1. I he convention opened Tuesday 
morning with an address of welcome, on 
behalf ot the city, by President Mc- 
Aneny, which was replied to by Mr 
John Mc Vicar, of Des Moines. After 
the roll call the remainder of the day, 
up to 5 o'clock, was occupied with meet- 
ings of the Executive Committee and of 
the Committee on Credentials. At this 
time the convention reassembled and 
listened to the address of the President 
report of the Secretary, etc. Thirty- 
two cities were represented by 73 del- 
egates, and a number of contracting 
firms, associate members of the or- 
ganization, were fully represented. 
Practically all of the corporate members 
were appointed on the several commit- 
tees, and Wednesday and Thursday 
were devoted to the consideration by 
these committees of the nine specifica- 
tions, reports of the committees being 
received from about 11 a. m. Friday un- 
l 1? £.™; The business meeting was 
held Friday evening. The time and 
place for the next meeting were left to 
the Executive Committee, which later 
decided upon New Orleans, and Janu- 
ary 15, 1912. The election of officers 
resulted in the following: President, 
Geo. W. Tillson, New York; First Vice- 
President, Capt. W. J. Hardee, New 
Orleans; Second Vice-President, L W 
Rundlett, St. Paul; Third Vice-Presi- 
dent, Geo. W. Craig, Omaha; Fourth 
Vice-President, Mr. Faris, Kansas City; 
Secretary and Treasurer, John B. Hit- 
tell, Chicago. Most of the committees 
presented what might be considered as 
hnal reports, and although no official 
action or intimation of the fact was 
made, it is quite probable that the next 
convention will see the winding up of 
all the work of revising specifications 
and the disbanding of the society ow- 
ing to the completion of the task which 
it set for itself. 

A year ago we published the specifi- 
cations recommended by the several 
committees of this organization, and 
there have been few changes made in 
d CS u u, y ^ he committees this year. 
Probably the most important change 
was the addition to the brick pavement 
specifications of clauses covering pitch 
and asphalt fillers. The three questions 
which seemed to have the most interest 
tor the convention at large were this 
question of bituminous fillers for brick 
pavements, the creosoting oil for wood 
block and the specifications for asphalt 
in sheet asphalt pavements. The creo- 
sote oil specifications were left practi- 

t C hl, y r Chang - e r d fr ° m last y ear > except 
that the specific gravity is defined as 
between the hmits of 1.10 as a mini- 
mum and 1. 14 as a maximum. The 
committee states that they recognize 
that the material called fo/must prob- 
ably be formed by the addition of coal 
tar pitch. They consider it desirable to 
have the treatment provide water- 
proofing as well as preservative condi- 

^l" «q % W °° d tl ?? y give as the stand- 
ard Southern yellow pine," as cover- 
ing both long and short leaf. Thev 
would also, however, admit Norway 
pine, black gum and tamarack, with 20 
pounds of preservative for pine and 
tamarack and 22 for gum; although 16 
pounds may be permitted where the 
traffic is heavy, at the discretion of the 


Vol. XXX., No. 

enginefle, A live-year guarantee period 
« as reqcanmended. 

The com nut tee on brick unanimously 
decided.^ drop the absorption test and 
adopt the standard rattler and shot test 
Oi the National Paving Hrick Manufac- 
turers Association. As stated above, 
they provided alternative specifications 
for coal tar pitch filler and for asphalt 
inter. Ihey recommended a live-vear 

The section of the sheet asphalt spec- 
ifications which received the most dis- 
cussion was the adminission of the so- 
called artificial asphalts derived from 
Southern and Western oils. The speci- 
fications were finally reported in such 
term as to permit the use of asphalts 
from each of these districts. The com- 
mittee on bituminous concrete (which 
is denned as a mixture for paving, con- 
sisting of broken stone, sand and bitu- 
minous cement, mixed before laying) 
recommended laying upon a macadam 
base from eight inches to four inches 
thick depending upon the traffic. The 
specifications for the coal tar binder to 
be used should be based upon analyses 
oi binders which have given satisfac- 
tion in the locality in question, so as to 
admit all the best of these binders As 
to any patents which might be infringed 
by such mixture, this question was not 
considered, except to state that each 
city must do as it thinks best in this 

All of the specifications were adopted 
without any dissent, except for two 
negative votes in the case of the wood 
block specifications and four against the 
asphalt specifications. All of these 
specifications are to be withheld from 
the pub he until they can be printed and 
copyrighted by the association; conse- 
quently it will not be possible, or at 
least courteous, for us to publish the 
same at this time. 

New York State Road Builders' As- 
sociation— Seventy-six State road build- 
ers all members of the State Road 
Guilders Association and representing 
over $5,000,000 of "tied-up" capital, met 
at Albany January 9 and appointed a 
committee to wait on Governor Dix 
the committee will place the position 
of the road builders before the Gov- 
ernor and ask that the delay in award- 
ing the contracts for the summer's work 
be shortened as much as possible. 

We do not care whether the roads 
are built under the direction of a com- 
mission or the State Engineer," said 
lid win F. Van Hoesen, a former dep- 
uty state engineer, "and our meeting 
has no political significance. We are 
not trying to force the issue of award- 
ing the contracts, but simply wish to 
present our side of the case to Gov- 
ernor Dix, so that he may be aided in 
coming to a decision. The quicker the 
contracts are awarded the better it will 
be for the contractors and the cheaper 
for the state. If the road building firms 
do not get their contracts as early as 
possible, many of them will be forced 
to go into other branches of work 
rhis will withdraw a number of them 
from bidding on the roads, and as the 
competition is lessened the prices will 
go up in proportion." 

Following is the committee which 
called on the Governor: Chairman, 
Samuel Beskin, of Fishkill Landing- M 
R. Aldridge, of Poughkeepsie; Pi' C 
Merritt of Tuckahoe; E. J. Cunning- 
ham, of Hudson Falls; T. C. Brown, of 
Schenectady; F. L. Cohen, of Buffalo- 
John Consalus, of Albany; H. B. Sproul, 

° f /^ k i k,I i : P; C R y" ds - of Albany, 
and W. S. Smith, of Rochester. 

From the road builders' point of view 

it is essential that the work begin a 

early in the spring as weather condi 

ions will permit for many reasons 

1 radical road builders and foremen an 

scarce, and for that reason many con 

trading firms keep a number of higl 

salaried men on their payrolls durins 

the winter, so that they will be sure oi 

having competent superintendents wher 

the building season opens. Many oi 

them have to keep large numbers of 

horses during the winter, and one con- 

ractor said recently that his expense 

tor this item alone was over $35 a day 

. Road building machinery cannot 

in many cases, be used for any other 

kind of work, and if the contracts are 

not awarded as soon as possible in the 

spring, the contractors lose large 

amounts by reason of idle capital In 

many cases the contracts specify local 

stone for use in building the roads. 

this stone has to be secured late in the 

winter or early in the spring before the 

farmers begin their planting, for the 

farmers will not allow the stone to be 

Picked from their fields after the croo 

is in the ground. 

Labor is also scarce, and all indica- 
tions point to a greater scarcity this 
year than ever before. Many of the 
contractors carry many men in their 
organization" over from year to year 
but if the men can not secure work 
early in the spring, they go into some 
other branch of work, which leaves the 
contractor without the required number 
ot men to carry on his work economic- 
ally. As the season progresses labor 
becomes more scarce, so that in the 
months of July and August it is nearly 
impossib e to secure enough men to 
even make a pretense of carrying on 
the contract Then, if the work is not 
finished at the time specified in the con- 
tract the contractors are forced to pay 
the State a hne of $ro a day. The fol- 
lowing officers were elected: President, 
Joseph Walker, of New Paltz- vice- 
president, John E. Consalus, of Albany 
secretary Edwin F. Van Hoesen, of 
Albany. MR. Aldridge, of Pough- 
keepsie and A. J. Rockwood, of Roch- 
ester, the former president of the asso- 
ciation, were elected trustees for two 

Carolina Municipal Association— The 
tentative program of the annual meet- 
ing at Raleigh, January 18, provides for 
addresses as follows: "Commission 
Porm of Government," E. J. Justice, of 
Greensboro, and others; "County and 
City Government," Mayor Hawkins, of 
Charlotte and Mayor John, of Laurin- 
Uo rg ' ™ d xT # er ! : " Cit y Taxation," 
fc M ft' of Fayetteville, Mayor 
Wynne , of _ Raleigh, and others; "Mu- 
nicipal Sanitation," Dr. W. S. Rankin, 
secretary of the State Board of Health 
and others. 

Guilford County (N. C.) Good Roads 
Association-Dr. J. T. J. Battle, R. D. 
Douglas and S L. Trogden compose a 
committee which is arranging with the 
county commissioners for a meeting in 
the spring, at which State Highway En- 
gineer W L. Spun will be asked to 
speak The matter of road grading 
seems to be the problem of most imme- 
diate importance. 

Virginia-Tennessee Agricultural and 
Industrial Association— At a meeting at 
Bristol, Va January 5, the association 
indorsed the proposed State highway 
across Tennessee, whereby Memphis, in 
the west, and Bristol, on the Virginia 
border, are to be united by a road that 
will be fully 500 miles in length Such 
a road, it is believed, will be of ereat 
value to the State 

&NUASY 1 8, 191 I. 


Oklahoma Municipal League — The 
rst annual convention was held in the 
it}' Council chamber, Oklahoma City, 
anuary 4-6. The sessions were opened 
y Mayor A. F. McGarr, president of 
le league. Mayor Dan V. Lackey de- 
vered the address of welcome. H. L. 
lartin, Tulsa, responded. The follow- 
ig addresses were made: "Essentials 
f a State League of Municipalities," 
[on. Frank G. Pierce, Marshalltown, 
awa, secretary of the Iowa League of 
[unicipalities; "Benefits That Should 
:esult from a State Municipal League," 
[on. Grant Foreman, Muskogee; "The 
>ependence of the State of Oklahoma 
n Its Municipalities," Gov. Charles X. 
[askell; "Importance of Uniform Mu- 
icipal Accounting Among the Cities 
f the State." Prof. James H. Sawtell. 
hair of municipal science, State Uni- 
ersity. at Norman; "The State, the 
ity and the Riparian Owner — The 
anitary Inter-relation," Alexander Pot- 
;r of New York, consulting engineer 
■)T Muskogee and Oklahoma City: "1m- 
ortance of a Sane Building Code for 
lie Cities of Oklahoma," Charles W. 
)awson, architect. Muskogee: "State 
,aws Governing Public Works in 
lunicipalities of Oklahoma." Hon. 
Iharles L. Daugherty, State Labor 
Commissioner : '"Municipal lllumina- 
on," A. Larney. Cleveland, Ohio; 
Municipal Franchises," Hon. Rob- 
rt L. Williams, Associate Justice 
f the Supreme Court: "Legal Sta- 
is of the Commission Form of Gov- 
rnment Under the Constitution and 
tatutes of Oklahoma." Hon. W. A. Led- 
etter, Oklahoma City; "Civic Right- 
ousness," Bishop E. E. Hoss, Xash- 
ille, Tenn.: "Control of Public Utilit- 
ies," Hen. James E. Ellison, chief en- 
ineer Public Service Commission. St. 
,ouis: "Modern Fire Protection," J. 
i!d. Shautz, Dallas, Tex.; "How to Re- 
uce Insurance Rates," C. T. Ingalls, 
)klahoma City. 

American Water Works Association 
-The thirty-first annual convention of 
he American Water Works Association 
rill be held in. Rochester. X. Y.. June 
-ia 19TI, with headquarters at Pow- 
rs Hotel, where ideal arrangement? 
or business sessions have been made. 

The Water Works Manufacturers As- 
ociation will have charge of the exhib- 
ts and entertainment features. The 
trogram will be arranged to allow am- 
ile time for entertainments and getting 
icquainted, yet the business features 
vill not in any way be neglected. A 
lumber of excellent papers have been 
>romised, and an interesting and in- 
tructive program will be supplied. 

Special attention will be given to the 
'Question Bex" and "Experience Meet- 
ng." for which ample time will be set 
ipart. These features are of the yreat- 
;st possible interest and benefit to wa- 
er works managers. They give an op- 
)ortunity to tell one's troubles, and re- 
reive the assistance of others who have 
lad and overcome similar troubles. 

A special circular concerning the-e 
eatures will be sent later. John W. Al- 
ord. 1207 Hartford Building, Chicago. 
[11., is president, and John M. Diven. 
4 George street. Charleston, S. C. sec- 

Engineers and Architects' Club of 
Louisville, Ky. — A committee of the 
:lub, composed of J. C. Murphy, G. Wil- 
>ur Hutley and Webster Gazlay, called 
lpon Mayor W. O. Head last week and 
ixplained their views of what should be 
lone toward planning the future devel- 
•pment of Louisville. Mr. Murphy, who 
vas the spokesman for the committee, 
nformed the Mayor that at a meeting 

of the Engineer- and Architect-' Club, 
resolutions were adopted in which the 
method of laying off streets and sub- 
dividing land were referred to a- "de- 
plorable and should be changed before 
the city i.- irretrievably ruined." Mr. 
Murphy called to the attention of 
Mayor Head that the foundation of all 
civic improvement is the proper plan- 
ning of a city, and urged that the Board 
of Public Works and the General Coun- 
cils provide a comprehensive plan of 
the city, so that all future extensions 
may be accomplished along rational 
lines. Mr. Murphy is in favor of a map 
being drawn that will show the exten- 
sion of city streets for the next hun- 
dred years to ccme, so that factories lo- 
cating in the county will be able to ar- 
range their plants so as not to conflict 
with a future annexation, and subdi- 
visions can be laid out uniformly with 
the city plan. A definite plan for the 
river front and for railroad tracks with- 
in the city is also deemed imperative by 
the Engineers and Architect-' Club. 

City Club of New York City— Dr. 
Ernest J. Lederle, Commissioner of 
Health, at a meeting January 7, spoke 
on what the department had accom- 
plished and what is to be done for its 
improvement the coming year. Dr. 
Charles L. Dana presided, and told how, 
under the commissionership of Dr. Le- 
derle, the death rate had been reduced 
to less than 15 per 1.000. During the 
year. Dr. Lederle said, important 
changes had been made in the Sanitary 
Code, particularly in regard to the re- 
quirements in milk standards and in the 
killing of vicious dogs. The section re- 
garding the smoke nuisance, particu- 
larly as applied to automobiles, was be- 
ing rigidly enforced, he said, and since 
September 29, 947 arrests had been 
made for violations. The establishment 
of a bacteriological detective bureau had 
done effective work, especially in trac- 
ing the causes of typhoid fever. The 
Commissioner said the department had 
experienced a great deal of trouble from 
physicians who neglected to issue cer- 
tificates of birth, but the department is 
going to strictly enforce the law. Dur- 
ing past years, the Commissioner said, 
he had discovered that a large amount 
of whisky was consumed in the city 
hospitals, and an investigation had 
-bowed that it wasn't all consumed by 
the patient-. He said he substituted 
another stimulant for whisky, and while 
938 uallons had been used in 1906 only 
25 gallons were consumed in 1910. 

Kentucky State Fire Prevention As- 
sociation — The annual meeting of the 
association was held at Louisville Jan- 
rary 6. According to its report, one of 
the things which the Fire Prevention 
A — ciation did during the past year 
was to secure much municipal legisla- 
tion providing for better conditions. It 
ha- formulated a book of ordinances. 
which it -eeks to have enacted in such 
cities as any member may feel there is 
a need for effective legislation. These 
ordinances provide for better fire equip- 
ment, improved water supply, the pre- 
vention of the erection of tile, terra- 
cotta, cement-block, brick-cn-edge and 
metal flues: the prohibition of the stor- 
age of powder, explosive- and combus- 
tibles in dangerous places: for the in- 
-pection of premises to prevent hazards 
and the regulation of garages and mo- 
tion picture machines. The following 
officers were elected: William Sowards. 
Cincinnati, president: C. L. Foster, Lex- 
ington, vice-president: Mis- Louise 
Stark. Louisville, secretary and treas- 

Town Superintendents of Highways, 
New York State — The second annual 
convention was held at the Court House, 
Binghamton, X. Y., January 4. Dep- 
utv State Commissioner Frank D. Lyon 
in an addre-s advocated the adoption of 
the patrol system of caring for roads. 
About 1,000 men would be required for 
the work. These patrolmen, according 
to the plan which he hopes to see 
adopted, would be employed for seven 
months of the year, and would travel 
over the dirt roads in their respective 
towns, making ordinary repairs after 
the manner of the patrolmen on the 
macadam highways. Though the men 
would be paid about $75 a month, Mr. 
Lyon believed that they woujd do the 
work with less expense than is entailed 
by the present plan of intermittently 
-ending out a "gang" of men to do the 
repair work. 

The town superintendents also heard 
an interesting description of the method 
of caring for dirt highways by use of a 
"road hone," which is used like the 
"split log drag" to even the surface of 
r< ads. after rains, and level off the ruts. 
Superintendent of Highways John 
Hodgeman, of Saratoga County, who 
de-cribed the method, said that in his 
county it costs only about $5 a mile to 
keep roads properly crowned and in 
good condition by the use of the "hone." 

Calendar of Meetings 

January 16-20. 

Canadian Cement and Concrete Asso- 
ciation. — Annual Convention and Exhibi- 
tion, Toronto, Ont.— R. E. YV. Hagarty, 
Secretary, 662 Euclid avenue. Toronto. 
January 17-19. 

American Institute of Architects.— An- 
nual Convention. San Francisco, Cal. — 
c.lenn Brown. Secretary, Octagon, Wash- 
ington, D. C. 
January 18-19. 

American Society of Civil Engineers.— 
Annual Meeting. New York. — C. A . Hunt. 
Secretary, 220 YV. 57 th street. New YorK. 
January 20. 

Illuminating Engineering Society. — An- 
nual Meeting. New York. N. Y. — P. S. 
Millar, Secretarx , 29 W. :J9th street. New 
York. N. Y. 
January 20-21. 

Kansas Engineering Society. — Annual 
Meeting, Topeka.— YV. S. Gearhart, Secre- 
tary, Kansas State Agricultural College, 
Manhattan. Kan. 
January 24. 

New Jersey State Association of County 
Engineers. — Annual Meeting, State Home, 
Trenton.— Kd ward E. Reed, Secretary, 
January 24-26. 

American Society of Heating and Ven- 
tilating Engineers. — Annual Meeting, New 
York, N. T. — W. M. Mackay, Secretary, 
P. O. Box 1 <1 S. New York. N. Y. 
January 24-26. 

Ohio Engineering Society. — Annual 
Meeting. Columbus, O.— C. J. Knisely, 
retary, New Philadelphia. O. 

January 25-27. 

Illinois Society of Engineers and Sur- 
veyors. — Annual Meeting. East St. Louis, 
111. — E. E. R. Tratman. Secretary, 1636 
Mona>lno< k Block, Chicago, 111. 
February 1-3. 

Nebraska Cement Association. — West- 
ern Cement Exposition. Omaha. Net) — 
Peter Palmer. Secretary. Oakland. Neb 

February 6-11. 

National Brick Manufacturers Associa- 
tion. — Annual Convention. Louisville, Ky 
T. A. Randall, Secretary. Indianapolis. 
February 14-15. 

Iowa Drainage Association. — Conven- 
tion, Mason City. Ia— W. H. Stevenson, 


City Commission Congress. — Meeting. 
Galveston, Tex. — Mayor Lewis Fisher. 
Chairman of Committee, Galveston, Tex 

June 6-10. 

American Water Works Association. — 

Thirtv-first Annual Convention, Powers 

Hotel. Rochester. N. Y. — John M. Diven. 

retary, 14 George street, Charleston, 

s C 


Vol. XXX., No 3. 


Cast Iron Pipe. — Chicago— The city 
recently purchased 10,000 tons of 12 to 
24 inch water pipe from the United 
States Cast Iron Pipe and Foundry 
Company for about $_'4 a ton. Quota- 
tions: 4-inch, $_>5: 6 to 12 inch, $.'4; 10- 
inch and up, $23.50. New York — Pipe 
manufacturers are feeling much more 
cheerful as a result of increasing inqui- 
ries from private customers. Quota- 
tions: 6-inch, earloads, $22. Birming- 
ham — Local quotations are unchanged, 
but are considered as firmer. Quota- 
tions: 4 to 6 inch, $19; 8 to 12 inch, $18 
to $18.50; over 12-inch, average $17. 

Lead. — Consumers are taking no in- 
terest in the lead market, but prices are 
held lirmly. Quotations: New York — 
$4.50; St. Louis, $4.35. 

Metal Culverts. — The Peoria Metal 
Culvert Company, Peoria, 111., recently 
incorporated with $40,000 capital stock, 
has erected a new factory building and 
has its equipment installed ready for 

Gasoline Traction Engine. — The Bates 
Tractor Company, Lansing, Mich., has 
been incorporated, with $200,000 capital 
stock, of which $125,000 is paid in. The 
company will manufacture a 20-horse- 
powcr engine. The erection of a plant 
will be commenced as soon as possible. 

Sewerage Company. — The Texas City 
Light, Sewerage & Water Company, 
which was recently organized for the 
purpose of installing an electric light 
plant, sewer system and water works at 
Texas City, Tex., has begun work on the 
sewer system. 

Municipal Street Cars. — The city of 
San Francisco, Cal., has ordered all sup- 
plies for the construction of the Geary 
Street Municipal Railroad, and if the 
work proceeds as planned a number of 
cars will be required before the end of 
the year. 

New Bridge Company. — The Roa- 
noke Bridge Company, Roanoke, Va., 
recently incorporated, is planning to 
build a structural steel and bridge plant. 
The main building will be of steel con- 
struction, 35 x 140 feet, with an addition 
25x90 feet. An office building will also 
be erected. The total cost of the plant, 
including machinery, is estimated at 
$30,000. E. C. McComb is president of 
the company. 

Dryers. — The Atlas Dryer Company, 
Cleveland, O., have published a pam- 
phlet entitled "A Thesis on the Art of 
Drying." It describes the principles 
underlying the construction and opera- 
tion of the Atlas dryer for all clases of 

Motor Patrol Wagons. — Six motor 
patrol wagons and ambulances have dis- 
placed 10 horse-drawn wagons and 36 
horses in the Detroit Police Depart- 
ment. The efficiency of this branch of 
the department has been practically 
doubled since the installation was made, 
although considerable economy has re- 
sulted from the decreased number of 
drivers and helpers needed. Up to last 
September the first motor patrol wag- 
on, which was placed in service last 
January, responded to 4203 calls and 
traveled 11,163 miles. The total ex- 
pense incurred, exclusive of drivers' 
wages and depreciation, was $731.85. 
Experienced police officers state that it 
would require 12 horses and two horse- 
drawn wagons, four patrolmen and one 
hostler to provide an equivalent service 
and that the cost for such an equipment 
for eight months would be practically 

American Concrete Mixers Abroad. — 
\ ice * onsul General Henry 1). Baker, 

Sidney, Australia, reports that during 

recent visits to the scenes of public and 
private construction work he noted the 
popularity of American concrete mixers. 
A special advantage over other mixers 
was that the machines are more com- 
pael and can he worked in places where 
tin others can not. Extensive irriga- 
tion works are requiring a large amount 
of concrete, and it is being used more 
extensively for buildings. 

Garbage Disposal Plant — Charles C. 
Fischer is now the owner of the Bridge- 
port (Conn.) By-Products Company's 
plant on Asylum street, the deeds hav- 
ing passed between John B. Livingston, 
representing the company, and his at- 
torney, W. A. Boardman, and C. C. 
Fischer, representing the Ycrk, Pa., 
syndicate, and his counsel, A. M. Marsh. 
Mr. Fischer has taken possession and 
has already ordered new machinery. 
As soon as the plant is ready he will 
take the garbage from the city and re- 
duce it at his price of $1 per ton, which, 
it is said, leaves a good margin of 
profit. A clause in the contract was 
amended to read as follows: 

In the event of a final judgment of the 
courts, at the suit of any land owner of the 
eity 1 f Bridgeport specially affected there- 
by, that the said Fischer, or hs assigns, 
has been guilty of creating or maintaining 
a nuisance in the reception, reduction or 
disposal of said material so deliveied under 
this contract, it is hereby agreed and stip- 
ulated that the said Fischer shall have a 
reasonable time in which to remove his 
riant to such place as will change the cause 
of said nuisance, if he can. but if such 
change and proper abatement cf said nui- 
sance cannot be made and had, then and in 
that case this contract may be cancelled at 
the option of the Board of Hea:th, but 
nothing herein contained shall be so con- 
strued as to waive any liability en the part 
cf the said Fischer or his tondsmen to le- 
imbuise the city of B-idgeport for sucn 
damage as may be legally proven to the 
extent of said bond hereinbefore provided 
for. And it is also understood that the 
term "final judgment" is used in the sense 
or such termination of any action so 
brought against said Fischer or his assigns 
for creating or maintaining a nuisance after 
new trial, appeal or any proceedings that 
may legally be had in any court of law or 
equity: t rovided, however, that nothing in 
this paragraph contained shall be ccn- 
strued as a waiver or modification of any of 
the rights or obligaticns of the parties 
hereto as fixed and defined in any or all 
of the foregoing paragraphs hereof, and 
also provided that any proposed new loca- 
tion of said plant shall be satisfactory to 
the Board of Health of said city. 

Auto Apparatus Received — Savannah 
has received its auto fire engine. No- 
tice was received last week by Super- 
intendent Ballantyne that it has been 
shipped from the American La France 
Company, Elmira, N. Y. Savannah has 
been expecting this modern piece of 
equipment to arrive for the past sev- 
eral months. The engine was bought 
by the late Alderman Kavanaugh be- 
fore his death and was to have been 
delivered last September. There was 
some delay at the factory, however. 

Gas Lighting Contract. — The Rising 
Sun Street Lighting Co., Boston, Mass., 
of which P. J. Fitzgerald is President, 
has written a letter to Superintendent 
Rourke, declining to make a bid for 
street lighting under the present speci- 
fications, claiming that they are objec- 
tionable on account of indefinite feat- 
' tires. The requirement that the con- 
tractor install any automatic device se- 
lected by the city at any time during 
the 10 years the contract is to run is 
objected to on the ground that the de- 
vice might be a failure and the con- 
tractor suffer a large loss. It is also al- 
leged that the requirement as to fur- 
nishing supplies is too indefinite to per- 
mit an intelligent bid. 

Suit for Commission. — The Ames 

Iron Company, of Oswego, N. Y., which 
furnished the new engine and other 
equipment lor the installation of the 
new nty power plant at Portland, Ind., 
has been made defendant, together with 
the city of Portland, 111 a suit tiled by 
Philip Bergman, seeking to collect $625 
alleged to be due him as commission in 
the sale of the property to the city. By 
reason of yet having in its hands $6,000 
of the purchase price due to the com- 
pany, the city is made a defendant, and 
an attachment was served, tying up this 
money in the hands of Treasurer Jacob 
K. Jones, pending the hearing of the 
case. It i> asserted the company was 
threatening to collect this money, and 
take it out of the State. Bergman as- 
serts in his complaint that in the sale 
of the equipment to the city he acted as 
the agent of the Ames Iron Company, 
and was to receive for his services, if 
the deal was made, a commission equal 
to 5 per cent of the purchase price of 

Paving Brick. — F. R. Ganengeiser, 
Sharon, Pa., is organizing a $100,000 
company for the manufacture of paving 
bricks. It is proposed to take over the 
J. V. Rose brick yard, near Rose's 
Crossing, Brookrteld Township, Ohio, 
which has net been in operation for a 
year. Shale of the kind needed for the 
manufacture of paving bricks is said to 
be abundant near the works and in oth- 
er parts of eastern Ohio and western 
Pennsylvania. The product will be 
called the Sharon Paving Block. Mr. 
Ganengeiser has been superintendent 
of the Bessemer Limestone Co. 

New Quarry. — The Pacific Electric 
Company, Los Angeles, Cal., is prepar- 
ing to open a rock quarry on the La 
Habra division. 

Water Works Equipment. — The 
Weimer Machine Works Company, 
Lebanon, Pa., reports a very satisfac- 
tory growth in business in 1910, as com- 
pared with the previous year. Several 
large contracts in connection with wa- 
ter works equipment, which will take 
practically 12 months to complete, as 
well as numerous orders for cinder cars 
and blast furnace work, are on the 
books, and general business has been 
and is expected to continue in fair vol- 

Foreign Trade Facilities. — The Bu- 
reau of Manufactures cf the Depart- 
ment of Commerce and Labor, Wash- 
ington, D. C, is establishing a file of 
the names of American manufacturers 
and traders, for use in distributing the 
valuable information which reaches it 
from time to time in regard to foreign 
trade. Those who desire to avail them- 
selves of the facilities thus offered for 
extending their trade abroad should 
send to the bureau their names and ad- 
vise it as to the class of business in 
which they are engaged. 

Wheelbarrows. — The Cockburn Com- 
pany, Monmouth and Twelfth streets, 
Jersey City, N. J., has been incorporat- 
ed, with an authorized capital stock of 
$50,000, to take over the business of the 
Cockburn Barrow & Machine Company, 
manufacturer of contractors' machin- 
ery, with a plant at the address given 
above. J. S. Harris is president of the 
new company. 

Water Company Earnings. — The 
Terre Haute Water Works Company 
earned $183,831 above the $38,600 oper- 
ating expenses in 1910. A 4 per cent 
dividend was paid on $500,000 capital 
stock, and $50,000 was spent in improve- 
ments. The city paid $40,000 for hy- 
drants. The company is the pet invest- 
ment "f X W. Harris, the banker. 

[anuary 18, 1911. 




n Which Are Listed and Classified by Subjects All Articles Treating of Municipal Topics Which 
Have Appeared During the Past Month in the Leading Periodicals 

It is our purpose to give in the second issue of each month a list of all articles of any length or importance t wh Jf* , ^J.*™??"?,? 
n all the Am.iican periodicals and the leading English, French and German ones, dealing more or less directly with numic pal matters, 
rhe index is kept up to date, and the month .»f literature covered each time will be brought up to within two or tin ee days uf pub 
ication. Our chief object in this is to keep our readers in touch with all the current literature on municipal n a tie. s '" fu ' 1 1 '. , 1 ^ r 1 f_ nL 1 ® 
)f this we will fuinish any of the articles listed in the index for the price named alter each article, except that u here an ait tie is 
sontmueii In two or three issues of the paper, the price given is fo, each of said issues. In addition to the titles, wheie these ;are-no« 
lurficienily descriptive or where the article is of sufficient importance, a brief statement of Us contents is added. 1 he length also is 
riven, and the name of the author when it is a contributed article. 


Highways of Indiana. Illustrated, 2 pp., 
3ood R( ads, Decemuer. 10 cts. 

New Yoik State Reads. 1-3 p., Municipal 
rournal & Enginter., Dec. 14. 10 cts. 

Highways Development in the United 
Statts. Digest of papers before National 
3ood Roads Convention, St. .Louis. 4 pp., 
suivejor, Dec. 23. 20 cts. 

Uniied States Ofnce of Public Roads. 
..egisiative history, quarters, purpose, work. 
>U . l.iubtrated, 3 pp., Engineering Record, 
Dec. 17. 10 cts. 

State Aid in Road Building. Paper by 
-,ogan W. Page before American Read 
Judders' Assoc, Indianapolis. 2 pp., En- 
gineering Record, Dec. 21. 10 cts. 

The \v 01 king of the "Road Development 
Vet, 1909." By Reginald Brown. 5 pp., 
Surveyor, Dec. 9. 20 cts. 

Road Construction in Wayne County, 
Michigan. Illustiated, 2 1-2 pp., Good 
loads, December. 10 cts. 

Annual Retort cf Road Commissioners of 
ftfayne County, Mich, t> pp., Publ.c Officials' 
Magazine, Dectmber. 10 cts. 

Notts on Road Construction. From paper 
>y W. Calder before Melbourne Univeisity 
Cngineeiing Society. With drawings, 4 1-2 
>p., Canadian Engineer, Dec. 29. 15 cts. 

Road Building Progress in Michigan. 
i»aper before American Road Buildeis' As- 
ioeiation. By T. A. Eiy, State Highway 
Commissioner. 1 p., Contractor, Dec. 15. 
10 cts. 

Road Construction and Maintenance. Dis- 
:ussion at Surveyors' Institution. 2 pp., 
Surveyor, Dec. 2. 20 cts. 

Parkway Construction at Portland, Me. 
3y W. O. Thompson. Illustrated, 1 1-2 pp., 
3ood Roads, December. 10 cts. 

How Oklahoma City Secured Its Park 
ind Boulevard System. By W. H. Clark. 
Ilustiated, 8 pp., American City, Decem- 
>er. 10 cts. 

Earth Roads. Paper before Illinois So- 
:iety of Engineers and Surveyors. By M. 
3. Eldridge. 2 pp., Good Reads, December. 
.0 cts. 

Gravel Roads, Notes on the Construction 
>f. Fiom Report of Michigan Highway 
Department. 1 1-2 pp., Engmeering-Con- 
racting, Dec. 21. 10 cts. 

Binding Materials in the Construction of 
Vletaled Roads, Use of.* Paper before Brus- 
sels International Road Congress. By 
Etobt. Drummond. 1 p., Good Roads, De- 
cember. 10 cts. 

Ex] eriments with Road-Binding Mater- 
ials. Report of Ohio Highway Department. 
L 1-2 pp., Surveyor, Dec. 30. 20 cts. 

An Experience in Road Treatment. Pene- 
tration method general y unsatisfactory. 
Results and cost of oiling, repairing and 
maintenance. From paper before Sanitary 
Association of New Jersey. By James 
Owen. 1 1-3 pp., Municipal Journal & En- 
gineer, Dec. 14, 10 cts. 1 1-2 pp., Engin- 
eering-Contracting, Dec. 21. 10 cts. 1 1-2 
pp., Kngineeiirg Record. Dec. 10. 10 cts. 

Road Tarring in Denmark. English 
Methods Studied and Applied. 1 p., Sur- 
veyor, Dec. 2. 20 cts. 

Exieiimental Roadways in the Borough 
of the Bronx. Illustrated, 2 pp., Good 
Roads, I ecembf r. 10 cts. 

Ohio Experimental Road Tests. Seven- 
teen materials and methods tested. Con- 
ditions after year's use. Illustrated, 2 1-2 
pp., Municipal Journal & Engineer, Jan. 4. 
10 cts. 

Bituminous Nomenclature. 1-3 p., Mu- 
nicipal Journal & Engineer, Dec. 21. 10 cts. 

Actomph ; les Destroy Our Roads, To What 
Extent. Paper before Southern Appalach- 
ian Good Roads Association. By L. W. 
Page. 2 1-2 pp., Municipal Engineering, 
January. 25 cts. 

The Development of Road Locomotion in 
Recent Years. From paper before Institu- 
tion of Mechanical Engineers by L. A. 
Legros. With chart, 3 1-2 pp., Dec. 2. 15 

Read Administration and Maintenance. 
From address at National Good Roads Con- 
vention, St. T cuis, by Logan W. Page, Di- 
rector U. S. Bureau of Public Roads. 1 p., 
Surveyor. Dec. 16. 20 cts. 

Concrete Roads in Wayne County, Michi- 
gan. Method ot Construction. 2-3 p. Kn- 
gmeeiing Record, Jan. ?. LO cts. 

i\ew Aletnod of Compacting Concrete 
Roadways. Illustrated, 1 p., Good Reads, 
Dectmber. 10 cts. 

Concitte Pavement in Hc/.eman. 1-4 p., 
Municipal Journal & Engineer, Jan. \. 10 

Oil Concrete Road in Pennsylvania. By 
R. D. Beaman, Deputy State Highway Com- 
missioner. 1-3 p., Municipal Journal & En- 
gineer, Dec. 28. 10 cts. 

rai/iny Streets and Reads. Materials in 
common use. Improvements in construc- 
tion details. Bituminous binders. 1 p., 
Municipal Journal & Engineer, Jan. 4. 10 

Road Construction and Maintenance 
within Large Cities. By H. F. Cu lan/Supt. 
Woiks Dept., City and County, Boiough of 
Belfast. 2 pp., Canadian Enginter, Dec. 8. 
15 cts. 

Stiects cf Indianapolis. Frustrated, 6 pp., 
Good Reads, December. 10 cts. 

Asphalt Elock Pavement in Washington, 
D. C. Specifications under which const uc- 
ted. 1 p., Engineering-Contracting, Dec. 
21. 10 cts. 

Bituminous Patent Suit. 1-4 p., Munic- 
ipal Journal & Engineer, Dec. 28. 10 cts. 

Wood Block, Repavirg the "Lcop" Dis- 
trict in Chicago with C eosoted. By Win. 
W. Marr, Assist. Chief Enginter of Streets, 
Chicago. With map and half-tones, 4 1-2 
pp., Engineering News, I ec. 29. 15 cts. 

Granite Block, Method of Manufacturing 
Modern. Paper before Ameiican Society 
of Municipal Improvements. By W. A. 
Howell. 1 p., Good Roads, Deeem'cer. 10 

Repair Costs, An Incorrect Method of 
Determining When a Pavement Should Be 
Relaid Because of Increasing. Editorial, 
1-2 p., Engineering-Contracting, Dec. 7. 10 

Paying for Pavements in New York. 
Editorial, 1-2 p., Engineering Record, Dec. 
24. 10 c's. 

Assessing for Street Improvements. 1 p., 
Municipal Journal & Engineer, Dec. 21. 10 

Street Grading on Level Property in 
Savannah, Ga. Illustiated-, 1-3 p., Municipal 
Journal & Engineer. Dec. 14. 10 cts. 

Correlating Sidewalk Grade to Curt) 
Grade. Paper before American Society of 
Municioal Improvements. Erie, Fa., by 
Clark G. Anderson, City Engineer, Mo'.ine, 
111. 3 pp., Canadian Engineer, Dec. 8. 15 

Private Street Work as Administered un- 
der the Heywood Corporation Act, 1883. 
Pape- before Institution of Municipal En- 
gineers. Bv Tom Fogg, Assist. Surveyor, 
Hevwood. With drawings, 2 1-2 pp.. Sur- 
veying, Dec. 23. 15 cts. Illustrated, 1 1-3 
pp!. Municipal Journal & Engineer, Dec. 24. 
15 cts. „. . , , _ 

Sidewalks, Use of Space Under. 1 1-2 
pp., Real Estate News, January. 25 cts. 


Sewerage of Seacoast Towns. By H. C. 
Adams. Drawings and half-tones, 2 1-2 
pp., Surveying, Nov. 25; Drawings, 2 pp., 
Dec. 2; Drawings, 2 pp.. Dec. 9; 1 1-2 pp.. 
Dec. 16; Drawings, 2 pp., Dec. 23; Illus- 
trated, 2 pp., Dec. 30. 15 cts. 

Sewerage and Sewage Fisposal. Mater- 
ials used for sewers and joints; pipe tests: 
amount of sewage purification necessary; 
methods available; possibilities and limita- 
tions of each; most recent developments. 
I lustrated, 2 1-2 pp., Municipal Journal & 
Engineer, Jan. 4. 10 cts. 

Sewerage and Sewage Disposal in 1910. 
Editorial Resume. 1 p., Contract Journal, 
Dec. 28. 20 cts. 

Philadelphia's Sewerage System. 1-3 p., 
Municipal Journal & Engineer, Dec. 14. 10 

Sewer Construction, Difficult. 1-2 p., 
Municipal Journal & Engineer, Dec. 28. 10 

Svracuse Sewer and Creek Confaet. 
Illustrated, 4 pp.. Contractor, Jan. 1. 20 cts. 

Hartford East Side Intercepting Sewer. 

To provide for sewerage and drainage dur- 
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The North Snoie Drainage Channel at 
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Laying Sewers in Wet Trenches. Methods 
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parts cf the country. Planks and wedges, 
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The North Trunk Sewer in Seattle. ProD- 
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hait-tonts, 2 1-2 pp., Record, 
Dec. 10. 10 cts. 

New Drop Manhole Detail. Illustrated, 
1-2 p., Municipal Journal & Eng.neer, Dec. 
21. 10 cts. 

Intercepting Sewers and Outfall at New 
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1 p., Engineering Record, Dec. 17. 10 cts. 
bewer t-ipe Construction, Histoiy of Clay. 

By J. M. McC.ave. 1 1-2 pp., Contract 
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Sewage Disposal Problems. Necessity 
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Drainage Areas and Areas of Waterway 
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Sewage Trtatment in New Jersey. Leads 
all states in preventing stream pollution. 
Biief description of 74 plants. Decreasing 
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Sewage Dispcsal in Euiope. taper be- 
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Sewage Disposal Plans of Atlanta, Ga. 
By W. C. Waters. 4 1-2 pp., Municipal En- 
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London's Sewage. Its utilization with re- 
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Walter Taylor. 1 p., Surveying, Dec. 23. 
15 cts. 

I eachtree C-eek Sewage Dispcsal Works 
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Principles of Sewage Disposal. From 
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Trade Wastes, The Disposal of. Its re- 
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Abstract from paper by Geoige A. John- 
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Dec. 8. 15 cts. 1 p., Engineering Record, 
Dec. 31. 10 cts. 

Sledge Problem. How to dispose of 
sludge and prevent its production. From 
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Works. 2 pp., Surveyor, Dec. 9. 20 cts. 

2 pp., Surveying, Dec. 9. 15 cts. 
Sewage Sludge and Its Disposal. From 

paper before Association of Managers of 
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R. Ogden. 1 1-2 pp., Surveying, Nov. 25. 

15 CIS. 

A New Method of Handling Sewage 
Sludge. Describing method used in the 
Emscher District of Southwestern Ger- 
many. By Dr. Karl Irnhoff. Chief Engi- 
neer, Sewerage Department, Emschergenos- 
senschaft, Essen, Germany, and Charles 
Saville, Assistant Engineer. Drawings and 
half tones. 4 pp., Engineering Record, Dec. 
10. 10 cts. 

Sanitation of Villages and Premises with- 
out Sewers. Rv J. W. Hill. 6 pp., Bulletin. 
Ohio State Board of Health, December. 10 

Sanitation at Lebanon. 1-3 p.. Municipal 
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How to Abate Nuisances. By C O. 
Probst. 3 pp., Bulletin, Ohio State Board 
of Health, December. 10 cts. 

Streams, Our Typhoid. By H. de B. 
Parsons. 9 pp., Stevens Indicator, January. 
25 cts. 



Vol. XXX., No. 

Sanitarj Survey oi the Ohio River In 
Pennsylvania. From reporl to Joint Ohio 
River Sanitarj Commission by Samuel G. 
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F. II. Snow, Chief Engineer, State Depart- 
ment of Health. 2 pp., Engineering News, 
Ian. i 15 cts. 

Past, Presenl and Future of the Ohio 
River from a Sanitary Standpoint By S. 
C Swartsel. 6 pp., Bulletin, Ohio suite 
Board of Health, i December. 10 cts. 

\ Health Department Report on the 
Upper < >hio River Joint report on pollu 
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10 cts. 

Board of Health, Powers of Ohio. De- 
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"Bense Act." May be appealed. Text of 
portions of this act relating to sewerage. 
1 p., Municipal Journal and Engineer, Dec. 
14. 10 cts. 

Co-operation of Village and Township 

Hoards of Health. By A. II. I lise. :i pp., 
Bulletin, Ohio State Board of Health, De- 
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Physician's Duty to Boards of Health. 
By W. S. Rankin. 5 pp., Bulletin North 
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Milk Supply of Villages, How Shall We 
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Board of Health, December. 10 cts. 

Kxamination of Milk from a Health 
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Measures to Be Taken at the Dairy When 
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Hog, Shall the, Be Driven from Villages. 
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Water: its Purification and Use in the 
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Wells, Types of; Their Comparative Cost 
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255, U. S. Geological Survev, bv Myron L. 
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Canadian Engineer, Dec. 22. 15 cts. 

Methods and Cost of Sinking and Lining 
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Water Supply and Sewerage of Chalons. 
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Water System of Hankow. 1 p., Fire and 
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The Development of the Municipal Water 
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The New Water Supply for Vancouver. 
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Recent History of Buffalo Water Supply. 

5 pp., Live Wire, January. 10 cts. 
Outline of Sanitary Water Works in the 

Province of Quebec. By James O. Mead- 
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Association of Water Engineers. Ex- 
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Water Works Report of Reading, Pa. Il- 
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Report on Dallas Water Supply. 2-3 p., 
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Pipe, Unusually Tight Water, Springfield, 
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Protection Against Corrosion of Pipes. 
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Aqueduct, Large Portable Plant for 
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6 pp., Engineering-Contracting, Dec. 7. 10 

Water Tower Near Brussels, A Tall Con- 
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Concrete Protection Coating for Small 
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A Reinforced -Concrete Water Tank with 
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Reservoir, Covered Reinforced Concrete. 

Illustrated, I p., Fire and Water. Dec. I t 

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Labor cost on Forms for a Covered Con- 
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Failure of a Reinforced Concrete Reser- 
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and E. m. de Burgh, l 1-2 pp., Surveying, 
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The New Centra] Reservoir of the Peo- 
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drawing. 1 p., Engineering News, Jan. 5. 
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Dams, Barrages and Weirs on Porous 
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Geology and Dam Construction. From 
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Pumping, Cost of. — With tables. From 
report by Oscar E. Meinzer, on the Ground 
Waters of New Mexico. 1 1-2 pp., Cana- 
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An Electrically Operated Municipal 
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pp., Electrical World, Dec. 29. 10 cts. 

Electric Pumping in France. 1-3 p., Mu- 
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Recort of Duty Trial on the Six Million 
Imperial Gallon Pumping Engine at the 
High Le\el Pumping Station, Toronto 
Water Works. By Robert W. Angus. 
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Steam Turbine Centrifugal 1'ump. Paper 
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Purification of W r ater Supply. Methods 
available. Slow and rapid sand filters; 
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Municipal Journal and Engineer, Jan. 4. 
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Water Purification Plant at Newport. 
From paper before New England Water 
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Filtration Plant at Portsmouth, England, 
New. Description of, with technical illus- 
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Methods and Cost of the Construction of 
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Filter Troubles Caused by Micro-Organ- 
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Lovejoy, chief chemist and bacteriologist. 
1-2 pp., Engineering Record, Dec. 10. 10 

Sprinkling Filter- Plant for Suburban 
Community. Filters enclosed in building, 
provision for two hundred thousand gallons 
a day; preliminary and final sedimentation 
basins and d< sirrg tanks; details of the 
plan: cost of construction. By Paul Han- 
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Illustrated, 6pp., Municipal Journal and En- 
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Methods and Costs of Construction of the 
Slow Sand Purification Works for the new 
Springfield, Mass., Water Supply. Paper 
before Boston Society of Civil Engineers. 
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C( ntractor's Plant on Large Filters at 
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Sterilization of Polluted Water by Ultra- 
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drawing and table showing number of 
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Engineering News, Dec. 8. 15 cts. 

The Eliminating Effect of Chlorine upon 
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2 1-2 pp., Canadian Engineer, Jan. 5. 15 

Criticism of H. E. Jordan on Hypo- 
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Use of Hypochlorite of Lime in Filtration. 
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Softening Plant, Wellingborough Water 
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cts. 4 pp., Surveyor, Dec. 28. 20 cts. 

Losses Of Municipal Water- Works. From 
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Public Service, January. 20 cts. 

Water Waste and Leakage in Yonkers. 
One-fifth of supply unaccounted for with all 
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Toronto: Its Water Supply and Waste 
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Metering Factory Supplies. 1-2 p., Mu- 
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Rates in Fifty Cities, Water. By L. J. 
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Method of Making Water Rates Ordered 
rn Wisconsin. Result of complaint in Mad- 
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7. 10 cts. 

Revenue from Water Main Extensions. 
Relating to decision iendered on applica- 
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Management, Some Comments Upon 
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Special Reports of the U. S. Commerce and 
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Advantages of Co-Operation in Rural 
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bank. With map. 3 pp., Surveying, Dec. 
16. 15 cts. 

Accounting System and Costs, Pittsburg 
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Minneapolis Water Works Bookkeeping. 
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Rainfall, Stream-Flow, Evaporation and 
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Flow of Water Through Submerged 
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?itot ' r ibes to Find the Direction of 
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German Engineers. 1-2 p., Engineering 
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Surges in Pipe Lines. A technical dis- 
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Gauging and Recording the Flow of 
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Circulation of W r ater in the Soil and Sub- 
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Sluice Gate, An Automatic, to Ensure 
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Drawing and half-tone. 1-2 pp., Engineer- 
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Water Power Development, A Proposed 
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Forest Service and now counsel for the 
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Street Lighting During 1910. Lighting by 
private enterprise. Arches, lamp clusters 
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pp., Municipal Journal and Engineer, Jan. 
4. 10 cts. 

Street Lighting and Power Rates. 1 p.. 
Electrical Review, Dec. 24. 10 cts. 

Private Street Lighting Unsatisfactory. 
1-1 p., Municipal Journal and Engineer, 
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outdoor- Lighting in England. By N. H. 
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pp., Dec. 26. 10 cts. 

Street Illumination. Increasingly gen- 
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I. 10 cts. 

Januaky 18, 191 i. 



Street Lighting by Modern Electric 
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2 pp., Surveying, Nov. 25. 15 cts. 1 1-2 
pp., Contract Journal, Nov. 30. 20 cts. 2 
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Street Illumination in Germany. By K. 
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Automatic Street Lights, Liverpool's. By 
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Lamp Fosts of New York, Arc. Details 
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Electric World, Dec. 8. 10 cts. 

Electrical Illumination, New Era in. 
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Recent Prog. ess in Electric Lighting. 
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Lighting Situation. By Louis Bell. IV2 
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Comparative Cost of Producing Light 
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Gas Mains, Laying Large, Under Harlem 
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Methods and Cost of Pneumatic Calking 
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Gas Companies and the Public. Presi- 
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Public Deceived by Faulty Data and Mis- 
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Ekct-in>ation of a Small City. Editorial. 
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Lse for Spa-e Current. 14 p., Municipal 
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Water Power, Valuation of. Paper be- 
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The Disposal of Surplus Water and Elee- 
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Im. Mulhol and, Chief Engineer of the Los 
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Financial Aspect of Water Powers. 
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Hyd'-o-Electric Power Plant of The .The- 
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Power Sites, Investigation of. By the 
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Fires of the World, Great — Their Effects 
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Account of the Disastrous Fire at New- 
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5 cts. Illustrated, \y 2 pp., Fire and 
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Fire Fighting, Apparatus for Efficient. 
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Berlin and Its Fire Brigade. Illustrated. 
£ pp., Fireman's Herald, Dec. 31. 5 cts. 
High-Pressure Line in Bloomington, 111., 
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Hose Purchasing Fire, in St. Louis. By 
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Alarm System, New York Fire. Present 
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Fire Resisting Qualities of Building Ma- 
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Gypsum a Fire-Resisting Material. From 
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Factories and Prevention, Fires. By P. 
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Warding Off the Factory Fire Panic and 

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Gasoline Ordinance at Cchoes, N. Y. 1 
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Mutual Assistance and Its Advantages. 
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Municipal Government, Presidential ad- 
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Comparison of Des Moines and Indianap- 
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A. L. Mason. 4 pp., Municipal Engineering, 
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Commission Government, Cities Having. 
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Campaign for Commission Form of Gov- 
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Advantages cf Commission Form of Gov- 
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Municipal Trading Relieves Rates. Tab- 
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2V2 PP., Municipal Journal, Dec. 3. 15 cts. 
Business Proposition, City as A. Paper 
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Department of Public Works, Boston's 
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New departments of sewer and water, high- 
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Boston's New Department of Public 
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Reorganization of the Boston City En- 
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Efficient Administration of Public Works. 
From address by L. K. Rourke, Supt. of 
Streets, Boston, before Society of Arts. 
2-3 p., Engineering Record, Jan. 7. 10 cts. 
Synopsis of the Report of the local (gov- 
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Public Service Corporations, Valuation of 
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Methods of Charging for Public Service. 
Paper before National Commercial Gas As- 
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Telephone Rates. Is a Rational Basis 
Possil le for? From pawr before National 
Municipal League, Buffalo. N Y. By l)u- 
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gineering, Massachusetts Institute cf Te' h- 
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News, Dec. 15 15 cts. 

Regulation of .Massachusetts Telephone 
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Franchises for Municipal Service Utili- 
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before American Society of Municipal Im- 
prove mrnts. By C. C. B*own. 2 pp., Water 
and Gas Review, December. 20 cts. 

Elements of a Constructive Franchise 
Policy. Discussion of Franchises as appli- 
cable to street railways. By Delos F. Wil- 
C( x. Chief of Bureau of Franchises. Public 
Service Commission for the First District, 
New York City. Part of paper hefore Na- 
tional Municipal League, Buffalo, N. Y. 
\y 2 pp., Engineering News, December 8. 
15 cts. 

Accounting, Uniform Municipal. Paper 
before League of Kansas Municipalities. 
By F. G. Pierce. 4 pp., Midland Munic- 
ipalities, December. 10 cts. 

Bond Issues, Prodigality in. y 2 p.. Mu- 
nicipal Journal and Engineer, "Dec. 21. 
10 ctS. 

The Municipal Bond as an Investment. 
Description and reason for high rating. By 
John S. Gregory. 31/2 pp., Munsey's Maga- 
zine, January, in cts. 

Budgets and Balance Sheets. Paper be- 
fore American Association of Public Ac- 
countants. By Harvey s. Chase. 11 pp., 
Journal of Accountancv, December. 25 cts. 
New York Budget Exhibit of 1910 By 
H. G. Wade. Illustrated, 20 pp.. Engineer- 
ing Magazine, January. 25 its. 



Street Cleaning and Refuse Disposal. 
Flushing Methods of Cleaning; collecting 
ashes and garbage; refuse destruction by 

high and low temperature furnaces; garb- 
age utilization; disposal methods for small 
Illustrated, 2% pp., Municipal Jour- 
nal and Engineer, Jan. 4. 10 cts. 

Cleaning and Watering Streets in the 
Great Towns ol England, Sim, 1 iand and Ire- 
land. By T. If. Yubbicom, City Engineer 
of Bristol, England, Efrom report at In- 
ternational Road Congress, Brussels. 3V4 
pp., Canadian Engineer, Dec. 22. 15 its. 

Roa I Problem. Paper before Institute of 
Cleansing Superintendents. By R. O. 
Wynne-Roberts. 2»/ 2 pp., Surveyor, Dec. 
30. 20 cts. 

Snow Removal in New York. How con- 
tractor organizes force; kinds of carts and 
trucks in use; cost of labor and trucking; 
profits; both contractor and city robbed. 
By Walter G. Tuiini. 2 pp., Municipal 
Journal and Engineer, Dec. 21. 10 cts. 

Removing Snow from Sidewalks. Meth- 
ods employed in La Crosse, Wis.; organiza- 
tion of crews; notifying owners; opening 
gutters. By. Geo. Falk, Street Commis- 
sioner. 3-4 p.. Municipal Journal and En- 
gineer, Dec. 21. 10 cts. 

Refuse Collection in England. 1-2 p., Mu- 
nicipal Journal & Engineer, Dec. 21. 10 

Refuse Disposal in American Cities. Ear- 
ly efforts, present methods, cost, etc. From 
paper by W. F. Morse before Boston So- 
ciety of Civil Engineers. 2 pp., Surveyor, 
Dec. 9. 20 cts. 

Incinerator, Easton's Garbage. Thirty- 
five ton plant; cost of operation at full ca- 
pacity; forty cents a ton; cost and method 
of collection. By John McNeal. Illustrated, 
1 1-2 pp., Municipal Journal and Engineer, 
Dec. 28. 10 cts. 

Milwaukee Incinerator. 1-4 p., Municipal 
Journal and Engineer, Dec. 28. 10 cts. 



Street Railways, Municipal. Reports of 
the U. S. Consuls regarding conditions in 
British Cities. 4 pp., Daily Consular Re- 
port, Dec. 2. 

Rapid Transit System of New York. Il- 
lustrated, 1 p., Scientific American, Dec. 17. 
10 cts. 

Public Side of Street Railroading. By 
Patiick Calhoun. Abstract from paper be- 
fore American Street & Interurban Rail- 
way Association, Atlantic City. 2 pp. Can- 
adian Engineer, Dec. 8. 15 cts. 2 pp 
YNater and Gas Review, December. 20 cts. 

Electiic Railway Situation. Paper be- 
fore New England Street Railway Club. 
By Tnos. N. M'Carter. 2 1-2 pp., Electric 
Railway Journal, Dec. 21. 10 cts. 

Rates and Valuation, Discussion by Rail- 
way Commissioners on. 1 1-2 pp., Electric 
Railway Journal, Dec. 17. 10 cts. 

Traffic, Freight and Express. Discussed 
m New England. 1 3-4 pp., Electric Rail- 
way Journal, Dec. 17. 10 cts. 

Terminals in Large Cities, Railway Pas- 
senger and Freight. Planning and con- 
struction. From paper by F. A. Delano 
in Chicago Tribune. Illustrated. 1 p., En- 
gineering News, Jan. 5. 15 cts. 

Subway, Construction of a portion ot 
the Fourth Avenue, Brooklvn. Drawings 
and Half-tones. 3 pp., Engineering Rec- 
ord. Dec. 17. 10 cts. 

Approaches to the La Salle St. Tunnel, 
Chicago. How the difficulties were met 
Diawings and holf-tcnes. 3 pp., Engineer- 
ing Record, Dec. 24. 10 cts. 

Stability of Tramway and other Poles. 
By Eric E. Walker. With drawings. 2 pp.. 
Surveying, Nov. 25. 15 cts. 



Bridge, Queen Street. Toronto. Method 
of construction. From address by R. E. 
Chadwick, Bridge Engineer, City of To- 
ronto. Illustrated. 2 pp., Canadian En- 
gineer, Dec. 29. 15 cts. 

New Street Viaducts at Denver, Colo. 
Description and methods of construction. 
With drawings. 4 pp., Engineering News, 
Jan. 5. 15 cts. 

New Charles River Bridge. Boston Ele- 
vated Railway. Drawings and half-tones. 
:; pp., Engineering Record, Dec. 17. 10 cts. 

White River Bridges in Indianapolis. Il- 
lustrated, 4 pp., Municipal Engineering, 
January. 25 cts. 

Drawbridges, Electrical Operation of. De- 
velopment and advantages. From paper 
by S. F. Nichols, before Railway Electrical 
Engineers' Assn. Illustrated. 5 pp., Can- 
adian Engineer. Dec. 15. 15 cts. 

Concrete Viaduct. Asylum Ave., Knox- 
ville. Tenn. Description of and manner of 
construction. By L. W. Frierson. Illus- 
trated. 114 pp., Engineering News, Dec. 
to. 15 cts. 

Foundations. Grouting Natural Soils for 
Bridge and Building. By W. D'Rohan. 
'■• p., Engineering-Contracting, Dec. 21. 10 



Vol. XXX., No. 3- 

iron and Steel, Notes <m the Corrosion of, 
and lis Prevention Bj G. W. Thompson, 
Paper before American Institute of Chem- 
ical Engineers. i>- pp., Chemical Engineer, 
I lecembi r, -•"> cts. 

Concrete, Cost of Mixing. By C. B Paul. 
Illustrated, i pp., Cement World, i ••■ 
ber. i"> «.- 1 ;=. 

Some Thermal Properties of Concrete. 
Paper read by Charles L. Morton, i>r Mass. 
Institute of Technology, before National 
Association of Cement users. 2 pp., En- 
gin) ei ing Record, i lee. 2 1. 10 cts. 

Waterproofing Concrete Without Altering 
its Appearance. From paper by C. M. 
Chapman, before National Cement Users' 
Association, l p., Canadian Engineer, Dec. 
16. IS cts. 

Handling Concrete In CoM Weather. By 
.1. ll. Chubb -'■ pp., Contractor, Dec. 15. 
20 ds. 

Mow to Put in Concrete in Winter 
Months. l'\ Ernest McCullough. IV2 PP-. 
Canadian Engineer, Jan. 6. l"> cts. 

Tufa Concrete. Composition, uses, etc. 
From paper by J. 1!. Lippincott, Assistant 
Chief Engineer, Los Angeles Aqueduct, be- 
fore National Association of Cement Users. 
Drawings. 2 pp., Engineering Record, Dec. 
31. 10 cts. 

Reinforced Concrete in Indianapolis 
Water Works Filters. By F. C. Perkins. 
Illustrated. 7 jjp., Cement World, Decem- 
ber. 15 cts. 

Reinforced Concrete Pier Construction. 
From paper by Eugene Klapp, before 
American Society of Civil Engineers. Half- 
tone and drawing'. 2V£ pp., Canadian En- 
gineer, Dec. 29. 15 cts. 

Forms of Concrete. Summary of ideas 
brought together during construction of 
Pittsburg Filtration works. From a paper 
by J. D. Stevenson, formerly division en- 
gineer on the work, presented before the 
Engineers' Society of Western Pennsyl- 
vania. 2 pp., Engineering Record, Decem- 
ber 10. 10 cts. 

Depositing Concrete Under Water in 
France. From paper by Henri Tavernier. 
in "Annales des Ponts et Chaussees." 
*2 p.. Engineering Record, Jan. 7. 10 cts. 

Cost of Seventy-foot Concrete Dam at 
East Earl, Pa. By H. L. Bauman. Illus- 
trated. 1 p., Concrete, January. 15 cts. 

Concrete Used for Gas Pipe and Joint 
Coverings. Use of simple wcoden form or 
box to insure protection of joint or valve 
supporter. Illustrated. 1 p., Concrete, 
January. 15 cts. 


Town Planning, The Practici of, under 

1 he Housing and Town Planning Act, Ll 09. 
From paper before institution of .Municipal 

1 is. Mam hester, by Frederick w. 
Piatt, Building Surveyor, Salford Corpora- 
tion. ;> pp., Surveyor, Dec. 16, 20 

2 pp., Surveying, Dec. 16, 15 cts. l p., 
.Municipal Journal, Dec. 17, 15 cts. 

Economic Aapecl of City Planning, ra- 
le,' before 1 aion of Canadian Municipal- 
ities. By l'.eti.i. C. Marsh. i ' ■_■ pp., Pacific 
Builder and Kngineer, Dec. 17. 15 cts. 

Buffalo's Plans to Transform Bird Island. 
By II. <;. Anderson. Illustrated. 2y 2 pp., 
Municipal Engineering, January. 25 cts. 

The planning of an Industrial Suburb. 
By E. A. Slater. With drawings. 3 pp., 
Surveyor, Dec 2. 20 cts. 

Housing ami Town I lanning. Regula- 
tions governing town planning procedure. 
l p., Surveyor, Dec. 23. 20 cts. 

Housing and Town Planning. Paper be- 
fore Union of Canadian Municipalities. By 
Robt. Green. 1* pp., Surveyor, Dec. 30. 
20 cts. 

Housing Conditions in Milwaukee. By 
C. D. Thompson, city clerk. Illustrated. 
10 pp., Survey, Dec. 3, 25 c-ts. 

Slums in Berlin. Bv John Ihlder. 1V S pp., 
Survey, Dee. 17. 10 cts. 

He using Conditions in Indiana. By A. F. 
Paeon. Iilustiated. 6 pp , Survey, Dec. 17. 
10 ( ts. 

Tenement Houses in Xew York. 3 pp.. 
Bulletin League of American Municipal- 
ities, October. 25 cts. 

Model Tenements of Rome, Italy. By H. 
M. Pollock. Illustrated. 5 pp., American 
City, December. 10 cts. 

Congestion and Us Relief. 4 pp., Amer- 
ican City. December. 10 cts. 

From Ca\e Life to City Life. Pageant 
at Harvard Stadium. Illustrated. 5 pp.. 
Survey, Dec. 3. 25 cts. 

Recreation Centers. Evening. By C. A. 
Perry. 12 pp., Playground, January. 25 

Small City Recreation Problems. By F. 
A. McLean. 7 pp., Playground, January. 
25 cts. 

Art Commission. New York. Abstract of 
report. Illustrated. 2 pp., Municipal Jour- 
nal and Engineer, Dec. 24. 15 cts. 

Ices Is and the City, Xew. By J. H. 
Holmes. 2 pp., Survey. Dec. 24. 10 cts. 

Trees to Go, Poplar. Illustrated. 3-1 pp., 
Municipal Journal and Engineer, Jan. 4. 
10 cts. 

Forestrj In Germany. From official re- 
porl 'i A'. C. Fischer, Canadian Tra It 
Commissioner at Berlin. 2Vs Pi>-, Canadian 
Kiigiiu er, Dei 16 Ll cts. 

Abattoirs, Public. By M. S. Dodington. 
i p., Municipal Journal, Dec. 17. IS cts. 

London's Public Abattoirs. Illustrated. 
1 1-:: pp., Municipal Journal, Dec. 17. 15 

Sepulchre, City. By Albert C. Dli 
bach. Illustrated. 1 1-1 pp., Municipal 
Journal and Engineer, Dec. 28. 10 cts. 

Municipal Work, Supervision of. Some 

evils in city ma n Fr< m pap 

Will P. lilair before American Society of 
Municipal Improvements. 2 pp., Canadian 
Engineer, Dec. 8. 15 cts. 

Contracting as a Specialized Business. 
By D. J. Hauer. 2 pp., Contractor, Dec. 


Contractors' Construction Camps. By D. 
J. Hauer. Illustrated. 2 pp., Contractor, 
.1 in. 1. 20 cts. 

Rock Crushing and Storage Plant at 
Tomkins Cove, N. Y. Drawings and hair- 
tones. 4 pp., Engineering Record, Jan. 7. 
10 cts. 

Waterproofing of Tunnels. Paper be- 
fore .National Association of Cement Users. 
Bv A. H. Harrison. 1% pp., Contractor, 
Jan 1. 20 cts. 

Structural Steel Designing, Elements of. 
By Wm. Snaith. 3 pp., Canadian Engineer, 
Jan. 5. 15 < ts. 

Coal, Clinkering of. Results of tests for 
efiect of xa'ious constituents in the ash. 
By Lionel Marks, Harvard University. II- 
lustrated 4 pp., Engineering News, Dec. 
8. 15 cts. 

Engineering and the Engineer. Address 
by Archibald Barr, President, before Insti- 
tution cf Engineers and Shipbuildeis in 
Scotland. 3 pp., Surveying, Dtc. 2. 15 cts. 

Influence of Pure Science in Engineering. 
From Presidential address by Sir J. J. 
Thomson, before Junior Institution <f En- 
gineers. 2 pp., Surveying, Dec. 9. 15 cts. 

Limitations cf Efficiency in Engineering 
Education. Extracts from address of Prof. 
Gcige F. Swain, at opening of General 
Engineering Bldg., Union College. Schenec- 
tady. zy 2 pp.. Engineering Record, Dec. 17. 
10 cts. 

Adjustment cf Theodolite and Level. 
How effected. By G. W. M. Boycott. With 
drawings. 4 pp., Surveying, Dec. 9. 15 cts. 

Elue Printing. By W. E. Wilbur. 9 pp., 
Iowa Engineei. November. 10 cts. 

Municipal Journal and Engineer, Aims 
and Purpose? of the. % p., Municipal 
Journal and Engineer, Jan. 4. 10 cts. 


Baldwin, Nathan A., East Orange, 
N. J., has been re-elected President of 
the Board of Fire Commissioners, John 
Reeve. Vice-President, and Edward O. 
Wieters, Secretary. 

Butler, M. B., has been appointed 
Police Commissioner at Niagara Falls, 
N. Y.. by Mayor P. J. Keller. 

Brun, Morris, Fort Smith, Ark., has 
been appointed Chief of the Fire Depart- 
ment, succeeding the late Henry Sniatt. 

Coyne, Joseph, was elected President 
of the Cincinnati Board of Aldermen, suc- 
ceeding Frank Johnson. 

Earl, John R., Lockport, N. Y., has 
been re-elected President of the Police 
Board. Commissioner F. J. Reynolds and 
Alexander Clark were also reappointed. 

Emerson, Wm., Newport, Ky., has 
been elected President of the Board of 
Aldermen, and Albert Beyer President 
of the Council. 

Green, J. B., Arabi, Ga., has been 
elected Mayor over R. B. Bowen. 

Green, James A., Youngstown. O.. has 
been elected President of the Park Com- 
mission, succeeding Alfred Liebman. Dr. 
\V. 11. Hayden was re-elected Secretary 
and Lionel Evans Park Superintendent. 

Hardy, Geo. W., Portland. Me., has 
resigned his office of City Electrician, to 
accept a position with the New England 
Fire I'nderwriters. 

Hartsiiorne. Charles F., Waterfield, 
Mass., Town Clerk for 40 years, the oldest 
town clerk in point of service in Massa- 
chusetts, died January 7. 

Hopper, Walter C, Paterson, X. J., has 
been elected President of the Board of 

HOPPER, K. T... Winston-Salem, N. C, 

has been elected Chief of the Fire De- 
partment, T. Miller Assistant Chief, J. 
A. McGee Secretary. 

Kluemper, Theodore, Covington, Ky., 
has been re-elected President of the 

Kraemer, Michael, Alexander, Minn., 
has been elected Mayor, succeeding John 
J. Anderson, resigned. 

Lauby, Charles. Vincennes, Ind., has* 
been appointed Police Commissioner, 
succeeding Chas. L. Kuhm. 

McGcirl, Hugh. Geneva. N. Y., has 
been elected President of the Board of 
Health, succeeding Prof. H. A. Harding. 

McMahon, Henry A., Niagara Falls. 
N. Y., has been appointed Grade Cross- 
ing Comrirssioner, succeeding former 
Mavor M. B. Butler, who has Deen ap- 
pointed bv Mayor Keller to the Industrial 

Merkle. George, Hasbrouck Heights, 
N. J., has been unanimously elected Presi- 
dent of Council. 

Owens. Thurston H.. Consulting En- 
gineer. New York City, has been ap- 
pointed associate editor of the American 
Gas Light Journal, 42 Pine street, New 
York City. Mr. Owens is a member of 
the American Gas Institute. National 
Commercial Gas Association, New York 
Electrical Society, the I". S. Illuminating 
Engineering Society, and a corresponding 
, member of the British Illuminating En- 
gineering Society. 

Redmond. Smith. Ardmore. Okla.. has 
been appointed Chief of Police, succeed- 
ing Chief Ganett, resigned. 

Ri. hardson, Dr. A. I... is Mavor of La 
Grande. Ore., succeeding F. L. Meyers. 

Richardson. Frank, Jacksonville. Fla., 
has been elected a member of the Board 
of Bond Trustees. 

Righter, Irving. Port Jervis, N. Y.. has 
been appointed City Engineer, and Theo- 
dore Lttdlum, Superintendent of Streets 
and Sewers. 

Seaman, J. Wesley, Long Branch, 
N. J., has been appointed City Engineer 
for a term of two years; Ellsworth Jack- 
son. Street Commissioner, and Theodore 
Howland, Superintendent of Fire Alarms. 

Slack, George W., Burlington. N. J., 
has been elected Chief of the Fire De- 

Stryng. Edward, Syracuse, N. Y., has 
been appo'nted Engineer of the middle 
division of the New York State Barge 
Canal, succeeding Guy Molton, who has 
held tlie position for the last two years. 
Mr. Molton will become Resident Engi- 
neer of the Third Division. 

Tiedeman, Geo. W., Savannah, Ga. 
has been re-elected Mayor for a term ol 
two years, defeating Capt. R. J. Devant 

Wells. Seymour, Tonawanda, N. Y., 
has been re-elected President of the 
Board of Public Works. 

W heeler, Dwicht C, has been chosen 
Chairman of the Board of Fire Com- 
missioners at Bridgeport, Conn. 

Mayors Elected — West Virginia 
Keyse- — It. A. Welch. 
Harper's Ferry — George L. Marten. 
Boliver — Joseph Katzner. 
Terra Alta— W. Roy Shaw. 
Davis — w. E Welmer, re-elected. 
Thomas — Martin. 
Elk Harden— W. H. Klght. 
South Keyser— J. G. Wolfe. 
ECenona — J. H. Lambert. 
Matewan- -W. it. Hosklns. 
Monongah — W. H. Moore. 
Fairview — S. T. Barr. 
Farm in gt on — Gilbert Musgrave. 
star City— Flay, 
Shlnnston — Walter Hussey. 
E.Ik Garden — W. H. Eight. 
Fayetteville — R. H. Dickinson. 
Montgomery — Benjamin Davis. 

NUARY l8, I9II. 




Walter A. Gillette, Los Angeles, Cal. 
Jerial No. 5£0,086. 

n a rotary road scarifier, the combina- 
n of a right angled supporting frame, a 
ng of disks provided with curved spikes 

VERTS. George S. P. Brannen, Dan- 
forth, Me. Serial No. 553,508. 
An cnl wall for culverts comprising a 

pair of U-shaped sections having the term- 

pported on each side of the central por- 
n of said frame, and means for separate- 
adjusting and locking each gang of spike 
;ks, substantially as described. 
1,393. ROAD ENGINE. Gustaf Arvid 
\nderson, Waynesboro, Pa., assignor to 
rhe Geiser Manufacturing Company, 
A/aynesboro, Pa. Serial No. 534,043. 
n a road engine, the combination, with 
joiler, of two lower frame plates secured 

the sides of the boiler and projecting 
irwardly thereof in the same planes as 

sides, two upper frame plates arranged 

lollv behind the rear end of the boiler 
rallel to and between the said planes, 
;ans for securing the said upper frame 
ites in position, an axle and road wheels 
aunied in the lower frame plates, a eoun- 
rshal't mounted in the upper frame plates, 
id a tooled countershaft wheel secured on 
e countershaft and arranged wholly be- 
nd tie irar end of the boiler and not at 
le side thereof. 

CROWNED ROADS. William C. Ander- 
son, San Jose, Cal. Serial No. 481,933. 
In an apparatus for the described pur- 
se, the combination of a frame, pres- 
re rolls arranged side by side, ribs on 

Robert Hacking, West Bridgford, Not- 
ingham, Harry Hill, Ollerton, and Henry 
Walker Hill, Nottingham, England. 
Serial No. 526,837. 

A C( mposition for surfacing roads, com- 
prising a flux composed of silicate of soda 
and spirits of turpentine mixed with tar 
water in the proportions of 30 gallons of 
water 120 pounds of silicate of soda and 
V 2 gallon of spirits of turpentine, to which 
is added from 60 to 70 gallons of tar and 
100 gallons of water, the whole being mixed 
and intimately combined with the recited 
ingredients, as set forth. „*.■■,, 

98C 564. SNOW DESTROYER. Patrick D. 
Piordan, New York, N. Y. Serial No. 
581,264. . . , 

In an apparatus of the character fie 

inals of their opposite limbs connected to- 
gether and provided with alining recesses 
which co-operate to present an opening for 
the reception of a culvert end, a space 
flanked by the inner surfaces of the said 
sections presenting an opening for the re- 
ception of a filling material, for the pur- 
posi s described. 

CRETE MIXERS. Oliver P. Raber, Ken- 
dallville, and Isaac Grogg, Auburn, Ind. 
Serial No. 441,097. Renewed May 24, 1910. 
Serial No. 563,154. . . 

A feed regulator for a concrete mixing 
machine comprising a supporting frame, a 
cylindrical casing consisting of oppositely 
disposed curved side plates, and intermedi- 
ate and end plates, the last mentioned 
plates being formed with central bearing 
openings, and with outwardly projecting 
apertured lugs arranged at the upper and 
lower edges of said plates, said plates being 
adapted to receive the curved side plates 
between them, and the intermediate plate 
forming the partition to divide the casing 

ie respective rolls, the ribs on each roll 
>ing spirally arranged upon the periphery 
lereof and the ribs of one roll constitut- 
g in effect a continuation of the ribs on 
ie other roil, the said rolls adapted to 
irm and leave in the surface of the road 
succession of water draining grooves, a 
•raper arranged in front of and overlap- 
ing the respective rolls, and means carried 
y the frame for operating said rolls, and 
leans whereby said rolls may be operated 
ther independently or together. 
!0,442. DRAINING CULVERT. Julius H. 
Schlafly, Canton, Ohio, assignor to The 
Canton Culvert Company, Canton, Ohio, 
a Corporation of Ohio. Serial No. 536,395. 

into two compartments, a rotatable shaft 
in the bearing openings of said end and 
intermediate plates, rotary feeding and pro- 
portioning wheels arranged on the shaft in 
said compartments and having blades to 
form pockets, a longitudinal pivot arranged 
in certain of the upper ears of said plates, 
one of said curved side plates being fixed to 
said pivot and depending therefrom to 
swing outwardly and upwardly, a horizon- 
tal arm projecting radially from said, pivot, 
a coil spring having its lower end fixed to 
said frame, and its upper end fixed to said 
arm, whereby the swinging side plate will 
be yieldably held In contact with said 
wheels, connecting rods arranged in the re- 
maining apertured ears of said plates to 
unite the parts of the casing, a hopper 
above said casing, and means for driving 
said shaft. 

Earnest T. Welcome, New York, N. Y. 

Serial No. 507.936. 

In a sewage disposal system, the combi- 
nation of a conduit, a filter, a reservoir. 

A sheet metal culvert section provided 
ith circumferential corrugations and with 
raining apertures, substantially as and for 
he purpose specified. 

SJ it W * & 35 >? c^ r 

scribed, the combination of triturating 
mechanism; means for feeding the material 
to said mechanism; means for supplying 
water to the latter; and a discharge devico 
for the triturated material. 

William H. Dawkins and Tranis G. 

Dorough, Royston, Ga. Serial No. 532,136. 

In a road giading machine, a platform 
frame, a supplemental frame mounted 
thereon, said supplemental frame compris- 
ing two parts, longitudinal yielding means 
for one of the parts, one of said parts com- 
prising two angularly arranged memoers 
converging toward one another at their 
ends, a curved plate carried by and fixed 

to the other part and having pivotal con- 
nections with the free ends of said mem- 
bers, one of said parts having a longitudinal 
slot therein, means for pivoting the slotted 
end of one of the parts to the platform 
frame, three U-shaped members arranged 
between the angularly arranged members, 
a scraper blade pivoted to one of the 
TJ-shaped members and having a semi- an- 
nular ring, a bowed guide strip connected 
to the other two U-shaped members for 
guiding the semi-annular ring, and means 
for adjusting and manipulating the blade, 
as specified. 


FUGAL PUMP. Hans James Schwade, 
Erfurt. Germany. Serial No. 516,70?. 
In a high-pressure centrifugal pump, the 
combination with a spindle and a plural- 
ity of wheels mounted thereon; of a casing 
wherein said wheels are disposed provided 
With a pair of interiorly-located spaced 
walls producing a chamber there between, 

mechanism comprising a plurality of 
screens in said conduit for separating mat- 
ter delivered by said conduit, means for 
carrying liquid separated by said mechan- 
ism to said Alter, and means for carrying a 
constituent of said matter to said reservoir. 

the rear wall being formed with an open- 
ing leading into the suction chamber in 
front of the first wheel, and the front wall 
with an opening in communication with the 
exit side of the pump behind the last wheel; 
and a relief disk secured to said spindle 
within the first-named chamber, said disk 
having its rear face spaced from the rear 
wall of said chamber to provide a conduit 
leading to the suction chamber, and its 
front face spaced from the front wall of 
said chamber to provide a channel leading 
to the said conduit. 

■ ictf 



Vol. XXX., No. 3 

'Relating to Municipal and Public Work — Street Improvements — Paving, Road Making, Cleaning and Sprinkling — Sewerage 

Water Supply and Public Lighting — Fire Equipment and Supplies — Bridges and Concrete Work — Sanitation, 

Garbage and Waste Disposa' — Police, Parks and Miscellaneous — Proposals and Awards 

To be of value this matter must be printed In the number Immediately following Its receipt, which makes It Impossible for us te 
verify It all. Our sources of Information are believed to be reliable, but we cannot guarantee the correctness of all Items. Parties In 
charge of proposed work are requested to send us Information concerning it as early as possible; also corrections of any errors discovered 




Received Until 

Nature of Work 

Address Inquiries to 





New Jersey. . 


California. . . . 


New York 


Washington. . 






West Virginia 










Washington. . 



New York. . . . 




N ew Y ork 




South Dakota. . 
Washington. . . 
Manitoba, Can. 


Ontario, Can . 

Cincinnati... . 
Cleveland. . . . 
Frankfort.. . . 


Wetumpka.. . 
Los Angeles. 


New York. . . 



Hillsboro Jan. 



Cleveland.. . 



Hancock.. . . 




Manhattan. . 


Vancouver, B. C. 


Crawfordsville . . 



Spokane. . 

Elyria. . . . 






Richmond. . . . 


Corpus Christi. 

Spokane. . . 


Atlanta.. . . 
Toronto. . . 

Washington. . . . 










Washington. . . 



Manitoba, Can, 


Manitoba, Can. 

Spokane. . 




Ontario. . . 

Kansas City. 


Spokane .... 

Los Angeles 
State Center. 

Rippey. . . 






















20 noon Imp. Dayton Pike Sycamore twp., Spec. No. 127; Bond $1,000. 

20, noon Paving portions of 20 streets 

20 Pave portion South Logan and Millicent aves 

21,1 p.m Constr. various gravel roads 

21 Bl Ig. stone rd. 2,5 70 ft. long, from Tenafly to Alpine, Sylvan av. 

23 Road improvements to cost $170,000 

23 Improving Valley Road 

23, 7:30 p.m. ... Constr. gravel roadway, cement curbs and gutters 

23, 2 p.m Repair, pave, approx 270,000 sq yd. asphalt pave. incl. binder 

course, 500 cu. yd. Port, cement, concrete, 1,000 sq. yd. 
old stone pavement 

24, 3 p.m Lay. 31,500 sq. yd. pave 12,71 1 ft. curb and gutter. Specific. 

cover brick, bitulithic and concrete pavement 

25 Imp. Harvard st. includ. cement curb and gut & cone, culverts 

25, 5 p.m Grad. and surf with gravel and cone, sidewalks of Okanogan 

ave. distance of 4.400 ft 

27, noon Paving portions of 20 streets 

31 Pave, with vit. brick, asphalt macadam, bitulithic, broken 

limestone and liquid asphalt bonding solution, or sarcolithic 

mineral rubber pave. Also cement curb, 7 -in. base, 5 -in. 

top and 1 6-in. depth 

1, noon Construction of one mile of gravel road in Benton County. . . . 

1 Constr. 4 mi. of 15 ft. macadam road 

6, 2 p.m Constr. gravel rd. known as P W Forest Road 

6, 1 p.m Grad. and pave. 20 streets with vit. brick, bitulithic, sheet 

asphalt, asphalt block or concretic asphalt 

6, 3 p.m Lay brick, tile and cem. sidew. and furn, mat. for rep. to sts. . 

6 Constr. gravel road in several townships 

7, 11 :30 a.m.. . . Improving various highways in Clay County 

7, 6 p.m Pave, with brick block, wood block, concr., asph. concr., or 

sheet asphalt, requiring approx, 12,200 yds., pave, and 4,000 
cu. yd. excav. on Poyntz. ave., and 16,200 yds. pave, and 

5,450 cu. yd. excav. on Houston and Fourth sts 

7, 7:30 p.m Constructing approx. 16.S00 sq. yd. concrete sidewalks 

7 Furnish road roller, weight not less than 15 tons 

7 Paving with shell 1 Y> mile road 

7, 2 p.m Constr. gravel road known a. L. T. Rush Road 

13, 8 p.m Paving part of W. 20th street 

23 Constructing pavement on Jersey st 


20, 2 pm Furn. 7,000 ft. of 10-in. corrugated drain pipe, perf. bottoms. . 

20 Constr. trunk sewer, cost approx. $26,000 

20 Constr. sewer known as 2d St. sewer, incl. 2,430 ft. of 42 and 

48 in. concrete sewer 

20 Constr. salt glazed vit. drain pipe sewer 

20 Constructing sewer in Huron street 

20 Constructing sewer in Homewood street 

23, 7:30 p.m... . Constr. sewers in Barrone street 

26 10 am..... Bldg. Harbor brook intercepting sewer and imp. stream ' 

26 . Constr. sewer system, incl. approx, 4,200 ft. 12 to 42 in. sewer. . 

27, noon Storm water sewer <"n Dallas ave 

27 Furn. sewer material, incl. 1,100 sq. ft. of steel sheet piling, 

85 c. i. manhole covers, 10 flush tank siphons. 4.000 lin. ft. 
of c.-i. pipe, 2 carloads of lumber. 2,000 ft of 15-in vitrified 
sewer pipe, 7,000 ft. of 12-in vitrified sewer pipe. S.300 ft. of 
10 in. vitrified sewer pipe, 9,660 ft. of 8 in vitri'ie 1 ew:r p'pe, 
57 "Ys" 6 on 15, 78 "Ys" 6 on 10. 288 "Ys" 6 on 12, 258 
"Ys"6on 8 

28, 1 p.m Constr. approx. 7H mi. 5 to 24-in. tile drains 

29 Furn. 7 000 ft. of 10-in. corrug. drain pipe, corrug, bottom. . . . 

1 Furn. 31.000 ft. vit sewer pipe etc spring and summer, 1011.. 

6, 3 p.m Constr. sewers and furn. vit. pipe, cem. and castings 

7, noon Constr. several sections low level interceptor 


20. 2 p.m Furn. 1 050 lin ft. 8 in. water pipe and 0,600 ft. 16 in. pipe. . 

21, noon Constructing water mains 

21 Furn. 12,500 lbs. packing, also tapping connections, also approx. 

1 5 tons lead pipe 

23 Furn. approx. 300 tons class "B" water pipe 

23, 2 p.m Furn. labor and material for wood stave pipe 

23, 7:30 p.m... . Furn. 1.120 pieces of c. i. bell and spigot water pipe 14 in, in- 

ternal diam., 12 ft. long. 66 in. thick and 340 pieces c i. bell 
spigot water pipe 8-in. internal diam , 1 2 ft long, 51 in. 
thick with fittings 

24, 2 p.m.' Erect 64 fire hydrants 

25 Furn. Ontario or upland pipe, pipe and spls. for constr. domestic 

water system 

26 Bldg. horizontal shaft centrifugal pump, direct connected to 

vertical cross com engine, capacitv 30,000,000 gals 

27 Furn. and install, two 20,000,000 cent, pumps and two 1,000 

H. P. synchr. elec. motors, piping, switchboard, etc 

30, 2 p.m Furn two 14 in single suction, hor. shatt, two-stage centrif- 
ugal pumps, valves, etc 

30. 2 p.m Franchise for lay water-pipe in Lankershim; 40-years 

3 1 , noon Drilling well 

1 Furn. 425 ton^ c i water pipe, specials, fire hydrants, gate valves 

and boxes, pig lead. etc.. in spring and summmer of 1911 

6, 8 p.m Construction of water works system 

6 Erect two pump, plants; cap. 1 ,000,000 imperial gal per?4hrs 

Fred Dreihs, Clk. County Comrs. 

A B Lea Dir. Pub. Serv. 

W. H. McMillin, Clk. Bd. Pub. Serv 

Chas. F Cromwell. 

Franklin W. Hopkins, Mayor. 

Solomon Norcross, C.E., Atlanta, Gl 

C. G. Keys, Clk. Bd. Superv. 

Edmund Connor, City Clerk. 

Geo. McAneny. Boro. President. 

Ed. Woodhall Mavor. 

C. G. Hamilton, City Clerk. 

S. R. Sumner, Citv Clerk. 
A. B. Lea, Dir. Pub. Serv. 

F. W. Rowe, City Clerk. 

Lemuel Ship-nan, County Auditor 

County Clerk. 

John W Weaver, Co. Aud. 

John Coon, Comr. of Streets. 

W. J. Campbell, City Clerk. 

J. H. Tranbarger, County Auditor 

E. A. Staggs, Auditor. 

C.T. Gist, City Clerk. 

A. T. Triay City Clerk. 

Wm. McQueen. City Clerk. 
Hillsboro County Commissioners 
B B Engle Countv Auditor. 

F. Hanlon, City Clerk. 

J. W. Morris, City Engineer. 

John Gifford, City Purch. Agt. 
Rose Moriarty, City Clerk. 

Comr. of Sew., 605 Equitable Bldg. 
J. M. Riley, Secy. Bd. Con. & Sup. 
Fred Shane. Secy. Bd. Pub. Serv. 
W. H. McMillin, Clk. Bd. Pub. Serv. 
Edmund Connor, City Clerk 
G. D. Hotmes. Ch. Engr. Inter S. BH. 
Homer Hammond, Pres. Bd. Pub. W 
L. B. Johnston, City Clerk. 

O. O Wright. City Clerk. 
M. Volz Auditor 
John Gifford. Citv Purchas. Agt 
C R He^r.h. Health Engineer. 
W. J. Campbell. City Clerk. 
G. R. Greary, Chm. Bd. Control 

John Gifford. City Purchas Agt. 
J. \V. Shimek, Clk. Bd. of Control. 

B. J. Mullaney, Comr. Pub. Wks 

R. E. Ward. Mayor. 

Lars Bergsvik, Engr. Wt. Com. 

W. J. Torney. Clk. Bd. Wtr. Comrs 
Chas. Cronan. City Clerk. 

R. O. Breckenridge, Town Clerk 

W. Kiersted, Ch. Engr. Water Dept 

B. J. Mullaney, Comr. Pub. Works 

John Gifford. City Purch. Agt. 
C G Keys. County Clerk. 
J. W. Sparks, City Clerk. 

T. W. Breakev. Secv -Treasurer 
J. A. Haberer. Town Clerk. 
M Peterson, Secy, B 1 Control 

kNUARV l8, 191 1. 






Received Until 

Nature op Work 

Address Inquiries to 


dahoma Bartlesville Jan. 21 Build. 50 ft. bridge and 16 ft. roadway. Washington twp County Comrs. 

st. of Col'bia. Washington Jan. 23, 2 p.m Strengthening Calvert st. bridge: cost approx. $25,000 Wm. V.Judson Engr Comr. 

inois Peoria Jan. 24 Construction of bridge across Illinois river Fred B. Tracy, City Clerk. 

issouri Kansas City Jan. 30 Constr. two concr. bridges one over the Blue river at 1 5th St.. in 

which will be approx. 3,600 c. yds concr.. 300.000 lbs. of steel 
and 1,260 si yds. of creos >te 1 block pave. : a reinforce 1 cone 
arch bridge over Brush Creek at Cleveland ave., contain. 900 
cu. yds of concr.. 80,000 lbs. of metal and 360 so. yds of 

crcosoted block pavement Board Pub. Works. 

30 Build, reinforced concr. bridge, 190 ft. span, 3 arches 50 ft. in 

springing line H. A. Johnston, City Engr. 

rgkua Richmond Feb. 1. 4 p.m Plans, designs, detailed drawings, strainsheets. specifications 

and proposals for $225,000 rein. con. bridge over James river. Charles E. Boiling, City Engines 


Kalamazoo Jan. 


ashington. . . . Spokane Jan. 20, 2 p.m Furn. induction motor and switchboard complete; also 3,000,- 

000 gal two-stage horizontal shaft pump John Gifford, Citv Purcn. Agt. 

Fort Screven Jan. 30, 11 a.m Constructing electric light system Constructing Quartermaster 

Tacoma Feb. 6 Com. remain, prt. Nisiually power plant, tot. cost. $1,094,000. . Nicholas Lawson. Co-nr L,. & W 

Atlantic March 1 Imp. Elec. Lt. and Power Plant, probable cost $40,000 T. E. Nichols, City Clerk. 



ashington . . . 
unsylvania. . 
>rth Dakota, 

lode Island... 

initoba, Can. 



20, 2 p.m Furn. one auto propelled comb, police patrol and ambulance. . 

20 Bl ig. superstruc. of Vine st pier; cost about $35,000 

20, 2 p.m Furnishing cor. galvanize 1 culverts needed during 1911 

21, noon Dredging in Lake Calhoun and filling low lands and boulevard 

adjacent; 500,000 cu. yds. material to be moved; $1,000 
check with bid 

21 Furnishing automobile fire truck 

23, noon Wrecking and material in old and constr. new iail and sheriff's 


25 Designs for hospital • 

1,11 a.m Excavating for City Hall. grad. ath. field and park lands and 

around fire alarm buil ling 

San Jose Feb. 6 Constructing tuberculosis ward, county hosp. Est. cost $10,000. 

Spokane Jan. 

Philadelphia Jan. 

La Moure Jan. 

Minneapolis Jan. 

E. Providence. . . Jan. 
Ottumwa Jan. 

Winnipeg Jan. 

Oakland Feb 

John Clifford. City Purchas. Agt. 
J. F. Hasskarl, Act. D. Dt. W. & D 
C. J. Alister, County Auditor. 

J. A. Ridgway, Secv. Bd. Pk. Comrs 
W. E Smyth, City Clerk. 

J. W. Reinhard. Chm Bd. Supv 
M. Peterson, Secy. BL Control. 

T. W. Nelson. Secv. Bd. Pub. Wks 
Roy Walter, City Clerk. 


Mobile, Ala. — Laying of sidewalks on St. 
rancis. Church and Conti sts. between 
aiborne and Bread sts. is being consid- 
ed; plans by Engineer Smith; Board of 
iiblic Works has asked for bids for pav- 
g Water st. ; 20 tons of asphalt will be 

Seale, Ala. — Russell County has voted 
0,600 bonds for road improvements. 
Tuscaloosa, Ala. — Council has passed res- 
ution authorizing asking for bids for pro- 
ised street paving. 
Phoenix, Ariz. — City is considering laying 

about 5 miles of oiled macadam pave- 
ent. — O. A. Turney, City Engineer. 
Corning, Cal. — City Trustees have passed 
•dinalnce ordering mile and a half of con- 
ete sidewalk constructed. 
Long Beacn, Cal. — Board of Trustees is 
;king for bids for grading, paving and 
irbing 3d St., together with construction 

a 2-ft. vitrified brick gutter, two eon- 
ete and iron culverts and nine catch- 
isins and conduits. — C. O. Boynton, City 

Los Angeles, Cal. —County Supervisors 
ive recommended to County Highway 
omrnisskn grading, paving and placement 

concrete culverts on Valley road from 
'hitlear to Foothill blvd. 
Pasadena, Cal. — Council has decided to 
nprove Chester and Michigan aves., 
aple W T ay and Steuben and Chicopee sts. 
Sacramento, Cal. — City Trustees have 
lade following appropriations for street 
ork, figures by City Engineer Handle: 
ifth st., L to Q, with asphaltic macadam, 
L0.000; 11th st., C to I, with asphaltic 
lacadam, $11,304; 16th St., J to M, with 
sphaltie macadam, $2,813; 8th st., L to Q, 
ith asphaltic macadam, $7,413; I, 16th to 
)th, with aspha.t, $3,400, and E, 18th to 
)th, with oiled macadam, $3,091. 
San Diego, Cal. — Council has authorized 
radius, paving and curbing of Elm ave.; 
lading of Hunter st. ; paving and curiiing 
f 8th st., and constiuction of granite block 
utters.— .1. T Butler, City Clerk. 

Hartford, Conn. — Street Commissioners 
re considering widening of High st. to 
lake it 36 ft. from one sidewalk to another 
ir its entire length. 

Hartfcrd, Conn. — Plans have been re- 
eived by James H. McDonald, State High- 
ay Commissioner, for proposed state road 
■ork, as fellows: From A. S. Brain ard, 
>iv. Engr., 1.300 lin. ft. survey on the Hart- 
ml-Spi ingfield Turnpike, town of South 
Windsor; from C. H. Nickerson, 23,650 lin. 
:. survey on the River road in the town 
f Sharon; from W. Le Roy Ulrich, 7,300 
n. ft. survey em Olcutt and West Center 
ts., town of Manchester. 

Brandywine, Del — Commissioners ap- 
ointed by the Supeiior Court have decided 
hat a road should be built in Brandywine 
lundred fiom the Faulk road to Boulevard. 

Lewes, Del. — Paving of portion of Arnold 
ve. wid be considered by Town Board. 

Wilmington, Del. — Mayor Spruce has rec- 
ommended that Council look into feasibility 
of building road to river. 

Washington, D. C. — District Commis- 
sioners have asked for appropriation to es- 
tablish municipal paving or asphalt plant. 
Ai'gusta, Ga. — Commissioner of Public 
Works Nisbet W r ingfeld has recommended 
that as large a sum as rrssible be set aside 
for street pavings, streets to be improved 
to be selected later; also improvement of 
portion of Ellis and Harper sts. 

Cedartown, Ga. — Polk County is consider- 
ing election on bonds for road construction. 
Rock Island, III. — City is receiving bids 
for paving 28th st. from the 7th ave. boule- 
vard to city limits at 18th ave.; width, 
36 ft.; estimated cost. $51,000.— Wallace 
P'reichler. City Engineer. 

Springfield, III. — City is considering pav- 
ing of Jackson, E. Edwards and Laurel sts. 
— K H. Hamilton, City Engineer. 

Evansville, Ind— Board of Public Works 
is planning improvement of seven streets. 

Fort Wayne, Ind. — Bids will soon be 
asked for construction of a macadamized 
road in Maumee Township. — C. H. Brown, 
Countv Auditor. 

Huntington, Ind. — No bids were received 
Jan. 2 for censti uction of the Wisncr gravel 
road. — J. W. Weaver, County Auditor. 

Indianapolis, Ind —Board of Public Works 
will consider grading of Emerson ave. 

Martinsville, Ind. — No bids were received 
Jan. 3 for highway improvements in Adams 
To'vns'iip; new bids will be asked. — J. S. 
Whital er, Cour'ty .Auditor. 

Muncie, Ind.— Board of Works has adopted 
resolutions ordeiing paving of East Adams, 
Mt. Vernon, Ind. — County Commission- 
ers have appointed Silas Breeee and Alonzo 
K. Grant as viewers and ThOS. J. Johnson 
as engineer in petition of citizens of Smith 
Township for g-avel roads; roads will be 
12 miles in length and cost about $35,000. 

Richmond, Ind. — Plans and specifications 
are being prepared for macadamizing and 
curbing west of Fifth street. 

Richmond, Ind. — City Engineer Fred. R. 
Charles has been instructed to write for 
pi ice s or. new mad roller, including and 
without old roller, by Board of Works; 
also instructed to write i" regard to en- 
closed sweeper, winch dies not raise dust 
arid requires no sprinkling. 

Seymour, Ind. — City is considering im- 
provement of number of streets. — E. B. 
1 oug'as, City Engineer. 

South Bend, Ind. — Board of Public Works 
has approved petition for giading of Kan- 
kakee avenue. 

Vincennes, Ind. — Improvement of Jeffer- 
son ave. by grading, gravelling, sideWalk- 
intr and curbing, is being urged. 

Cedar Rapids, la. — Paving improvements 
which will cost $83,000 ami ciirhing im- 
provements which will cost $7.<i00 will be 
commenced as scon as woik will permit. 

Red Oak, la. — Council has decided to lay 
28,723 sq. yds. paving, 7,520 ft. comb, curb 
and gutter, and 2,378 ft. of curb.— D. B. 

Gunn, Mayor. Theo. S. De Lay, Creston. 
Engineer in Charge. 

"lopeka, Kan.— Lyman School District re- 
sidents are urging building of road to con- 
nect North Kansas Ave. toad with Roches- 
ter road. 

Louisville, Ky.— Beard of Public Works 
is having plans prepared for building of 
g-anitoid and brick sidewalks on portions 
of 15 streets. 

Annapolis, Md- Bids will be received 
Februaiy 1 by Board of Public Works for 
$1,000,000 state road bonds. 

Baltimore, Md.— State Roads Commission 
has acquired Frederick road; city is ex- 
pected to pave section between city line at 
Irvington and Payson sts. 

Centervii:e, Md.— Bids will be received 
January 31 for $15,000 road equipment 
bonds.— Madison B. Bordley, Clerk County 

Elkton, Md.— Residents of Third District 
are urging construction of permanent road 
from Gilpin's Bridge to Delaware line. 

Friendsville, Md. — County road is to be 
buiit in Garrett County between Friends- 
ville and Accident. 

Boston, Mass.— Building of Highway 108 
ft. wide in West Roxbury, extending pres- 
ent road north about one mile is being con- 
sidered by State Highway Commission.— 
Harold Parker, Chairman. 

New Bedford, Mass. — Superintendent of 
Streets C. F. Lawton has asked for $100,- 
000 for paving. $100,000 for macadam. $30,000 
for cu'bing, 4 2,000 for granolithic sidewalks, 
$25,000 for gutters, ![25,000 for giading, $30,- 

000 for oiling and watering and $20,000 for 
miscellaneous purposes. 

Bay City, Mich. — City will lay between 
$125,000 and $175,000 worth of paving in 
residence streets in year; type of paving 
not teen decided upon. — Edward Wilhelm, 
City Engineer. 

Detroit, Mich. — Council lias ordered the 
Depart men t of Public Works, J. J. Haarer, 
Commissioner, to advertise for bids for 
paving the following streets: McDougal 
ave., Guoln to Jefferson aves., with cedar 

1 locks; estimated cost, $6,740; 3d ave., 
Baltimore to North blvd., cedar blocks, 
$.->,0S3- 3d ave., Boulevard to Calvert ave., 
cedar blocks, $54,630; Superior St., Russell 
to McDongai aves. $29,410: Colbourn pi., 
Cass ave. to 4th ave., cedar blocks, $9,396; 
Forsyth ave., Stanley to Dewey aves., cedar 
lilerl-s. $9,775, Stanley ave.. 4th to Green- 
wood ave., cedar blocks, and Palmer ave., 
3d to 4th ave., sheet asphalt, $5,997; all on 
concrete foundations with Borea, Medina 
or other approved curbing. 

Manistique, Mich. — County Board of Su- 
pervisors has eal!ed election to authorize 
the issuance of bonds for $90,000 for build- 
ing of good roads. 

Butte, Mont. — Council is considering pur- 
1 liasi of rock crusher. 

Lincoln, Neb. — Cost of macadamizing 
West P st road has been estimated at 
about $8,402. — Adna Dobson, City Engineer. 


Vol. XXX., No. 3. 

Camden, N. J. Council has passed or- 
dinance In pave Fourth si. wilh shod as 

phaitum. w m. D. i; own, i llerk. 

Miiiviiie, N. J.— Paving of certain Btreets 
is being considered, 

Verona, N. j. -Mayor .1. K. Pratt lias 
recommended Impi ov( men! of .-i reel 

Wildwood, N. J.— Borough Ci uncil has 
adopted resolution authorizing special elec- 
tion on Feb. :i on $20,000 bonds to provide 
tor removal of boardwalk ocean ward, 

Binghamton, N. Y.— City will repair brick 
and asphalt pavements at cost of $2,500; 
work will I egin in May. 

Lestershire, N. Y. Board of Trustees has 
authorized Village Engineer to prepare es- 
timate on cost of the proposed Main st. 

New York, N. Y. — All bids have been 
rejected by lark Hoard, Chailes B. Stover, 
President, for paving with asphalt block 
transverse r< ad No. 2, crossing Central 
Park from 79th st. on the east to 81st st. 
on the west. 

Greenborough, N. Y. — Town will issue 
$138,000 bonds for improvement of hign- 

New York, N. Y. — Bids will be received 
Jan. 21 by City Controltr 1'rtndergast for 
$1,500,000 bonds for streets. 

Newburgh, N. Y.— Cost of paving Front 
st. with vitrified brick, from South st. to 
the Caldwell I awn Mower Works has been 
estimated at $5,000. 

Rochester, N. Y. — Asphalt paving for 
Northview Ten ace to cost $12,000 has been 
proposed; St. Paul st, $S9,650, and Goodman 
and Circle St., $26,000. 

Windsor, N. Y.— Village has $2,500 avail- 
able for purchase of stone crusher, sorting 
bins, spreading wagons, etc. 

Cincinnati, O. — Counc'l has passed resolu- 
tion directing City Engineer to prepare 
plans and specifications for widening Liber- 
ty st. 

Columbus, O. — City is planning to pave 
Summit st., 11th ave. to the Mock read. — 
Henry Maetzel, City Engineer. 

Massillon, O. — Council has decided to 
pave five streets this summer. 

Montpelier, O. — Plans and specifications 
for paving Empire and Main sts. have been 
completed; cost, $64,702. 

Niles, O. — Faving of Vienna ave. is being 
considered. — J. C. Price, Chairman Street 

Sandusky, O. — Mayor Geo. T. Lehrer has 
recommended elimination of grade cross- 

Washington, O. — Bids will be received 
January 24 for $5,714 street improvement 
bonds. — Glenn M. Pine, City Auditor. 

Youngstown, O. — bids wiil be received, 
Feb. 13. 11 a. m., for $125,000 bends for im- 
provement bends. — Frank Agnew, Secre- 
tary, Board County Road Commissioners. 

Youngstown, O. — Ccuncil is considering 
paving of portions of Lydia and Hughes sts. 

Portland, Ore.— City will impio^e E. 2d 
St., between Hawthorne ave. and E. Oak 
St. by fill; cost, $48,561. 

Bristol, Pa. — Borough Council is consid- 
ering widening of B( aver Dam road. 

Erie, Pa.— City Engineer B. E. Briggs 
will build asphalt reiair plant; work will 
be done by city; only necessary parts being 

Galeton, Pa. — Faving of borough streets 
is being considered. 

Ha?leton, Pa. — County Commissioners will 
have survey made and ask bids for con- 
struction of three mhes of roads. 

Hazleton, Pa.— Broad st. will be widened 
to extent cf 20 ft. 

Chattanooga, Tenn. — Bids will be received 
Jan. 26, 10 a. m., for $2,940.36 paving bonds. 
— T. C. Thompson, Mayor. 

Murfreesboro, Tenn. — Mayor G. B. Gilt- 
ner has recommended that Street Commit- 
tee take up matter of laying sidewalks. 

Dallas, Tex.— Mayor S. J. Hay has rec- 
ommended that all petitions filed by prop- 
erty owners for street paving be taken up 
and acted on at once. 

El Paso, Tex. — Estimate of improving 
Franklin St., Kansas to Buchanan St., as 
made by City Engineer F. H. Todd, is $15,- 
325, and cost of improving intersecting 
streets and alleys, $3,382.89. 

Greenville, Tex. The Council has agreed 
to pave seven miles of the city's principal 

San Antonio, Tex. — Street Committee has 
recommended improvement of Delgado si. 
and grading of Hinsache st. 

Wichita Falls, Tex. — Citizens have voted 
additional bonds of $25,000 for street pav- 

Harrisonburg, Va. — Massanetta .Springs 
Co. has anpointed committee with G. It. 
Eastham, Chairman, to supervise construc- 
tion of road from Harrisonburg to Massan- 
etta Springs; distance four miles. 

Lynchburg, Va. — Council is considering 
proposition for constructing concrete side- 
walk from Southern Railway depot about 
three-quarter mile; cost approximately, $2,- 

Norfolk, Va.- Council has appropriated 

$1,612 for improving May ave. and $1,500 for 

paving Woodside Lane. 

Norfolk, Va,— City is considering paving 
of Chinch si. wilh asphalt, bltulithiC, wood 
block or Belgian block; COSl about $100,000. 
— W. T. Brooke, City Engineer. 

Seattle, Wash. — Council has decided to 
pave 31st ave. South, plank Maynard ave. 
and lay concrete walks on Pike St.; Board 
id' Public Works has adopted specifications 
for grading and curbing 45th ave. S. W. and 
W. Oregi n sis., paving McClellan st., grad- 
ing Waters ave. and replanking 6th ave. 

Seattle, Wash. — Board of Public Works 
has ].' eived following estimates; Improv- 
ing Highland Drive, bridge roadway to be 
22 ft., $1,775; grading and curbing Juneau 
st.. $14,800; fth ave., W., $85,000, and 9th 
ave., N. E., $5,700. 

Huntington, W. Va. — Commissioners will 
soon receive bids for paving streets, which 
will include eight blocks on 81 h ave, John- 
son's lane, 2d, 5th and 7th sts.; total cost, 
*170,000. — John Coon, Commissioner of 

Watertown, Wis. — Plans are being pre- 
pared by City Engineer Arnold Kraeft for 
proposed paving. 

Edmonton, Alta., Can.— Council has voted 
$12,000 for cencrete subway. 

Niagara Falls, Ont. — Plans for a system 
of experimental roads between Bridgeburg 
and Niagara-on-the-Lake are being pre- 
pared by W. A. McLean, Provincial Good 
Reads and Highways Engineer. 


Los Angeles, Cal. — Constructing 28,000 sq. 
ft. of cement sidewalks and 8 000 ft. of ce- 
ment curbing in Lawndale Addition No. 2, 
bv the Guy M. Rush Co.. Stcy Building, to 
Paonessa & Taylor; two miles of shade 
trees will be set out in parkways. 

Los Angeles, Cal.- — Improving Bonita PI., 
to A. W. Bessemeyer, $2.21 per lin. ft. for 
grading and graveling complete; 38c. per 
lin. ft. for cement curb; 18c. per sq. ft. 
for cement gutter; 50c. per sq. ft. for vit- 
rified block gutter; improving Ave. 8, to 
Paul H. Ehlers, 20.7 c. per lin. ft. for cem- 
ent curb; 9.7c. per sq. ft. for cement side- 

San Francisco, Cal. — Reraving portion of 
O'Farrell st. with basalt block to City Im- 
provement Co., Mercantile Exchange Bldg., 
about $12,050. 

Woodland. Cal. — To Jos. Lawrence for 
building 6,152 ft. of macadam on Ann St., 
Washington, $1 per lin. ft. 

Hartford, Conn. — Construction of state 
read work: Town of Canton, 6,123 lin. ft. 
gravel -telford read, including one rein- 
forced concrete culvert, 8-ft. span, to 
loseoh Mascetti. Torrington, $1.81 per lin. 
ft. for gravel. $2.34 per lin. ft. for telford, 
f:0c. per lin. ft.- for rubble drain, and 00c. 
ner sq. yd. for cobble gutters; Town of 
P'-e=tcn. 7 825 lin. ft. graded telford road, 
including one renforced concrete culvert, 
8-ft. span, to Fldredge Construction Co., 
Mystic, $13,728 for entire grading, with 
S2.18 per lin. ft. extra for telford, 90c. per 
lin. ft. for rubble drain and $4 per cu. 
vd. for. wal'ing: Town of Brooklyn, 5.050 
lin. ft. of macadam-telford road, to Roger 
Kennedy. Middletown, $1.79 per lin. ft. for 
native stone. $2.48 for all trap rock, 60c. 
per lin. ft. for' telford. $1 per lin. ft. for 
rubble drain, 65c. per sq. yd. for cobbie 
gutters; Towns of Litchfield and Harwin- 
ton, an aggregate of 3.832 lin. ft. to elim- 
inate two grade crossings at East Litch- 
field, to Sternberg & Cadwell. West Hart- 
ford, $10, POO for entire grading, 50e. per 
lin. ft. extra for telford, $1.25 per lin. ft. 
for rubble drain; Town of New Fairfield, 
four sections graded-tclford road, aggre- 
gating 4.160 lin. ft., to Josenh Mascetti, 
Torrington, $6,300 for entire grading. 60c. 
per lin. ft. each for rubble drain and telford. 

Carlyle, III. — Grading and keeping in 
repair township roads during year to S. 
Cov. Areola. 

Ea?t St. Louis, III. — Improving 40th st. 
and Forest blvd.. to Meyer & Thomas, $20,- 
956.45; Linden ave., to same, $3,584.50. 

Gary. Ind. — Paving Massachusetts st. to 
S. A. Smith. 

Huntington, Ind. — Construction of the 
Thomas or county line gravel road t6 
Hutsell & Wolfcale, Markle, $17,997. 

Wabash, Ind. — Construction of the M. 
, Kilty road in Chester Township, 2y.> miles 
in length, and sharp' road in Chester Town- 
ship, 3 miles in length, to George M. Sew- 
ell, Jamesville, $9,200,- and to William Ref- 
fert, Monroe, $10,434. 

Washington, Ind. — Constructing 3 miles 
of read in Daviess County to M. H. Wilson, 
Montgomery, $10,201. 

Hutchinson, Kan. — To'Wheeler & Kelcher 
Construction Co., Garden City, for rebuild- 
ing Hast on road, $3,510. 

Baltimore, Md — Paving Patuxent St. with 
vit. brick, to Martin T. Beach, Knicker- 
bocker Bldg 

Sedalla, Mo.— To Jos. W. and Geo. T. 

v lee, city, for paving Prospect st. with 

brick block on a 4-in. concrete oase, cement 
fill, 8.2.0 sq. yds. at $1.72 per sq. yd. Other 
bidders: l<\ W., H.73 per sq. yd.; 
Johnson & Hyatt, $1.73%, and Carl P. 
Werner, $1 .74 '/ 2 — bidders all of city. 

Rochester, N. Y, — Furnishing 180,000 ft. 
of lumber for street Department, to Wm. 
B. Morse Lumber Co., $5,315,511. 

Akron, O. — Uartges st. paving, to Mc- 
Allonan Bros., $17,»63.73. 

Columbus, O. — Contract No. 12, covering 
paving of Mound st. viaduct, to A. G. Pugh, 
city, about $18,000; work includes all paving 
incident to elimination of gtade crossing at 
Mound st. 

Hamilton, O. — To Andrews Asphalt I 'liv- 
ing Co. for paving with sheet asphalt, East 
ave., $48,9(18; North 6th St., $21,065; South 
B St., $23,098. 

Jefierson, O. — Building North Ridge road, 
Ashtabula County, to Buckeye Engineer- 
ing Co., Norwalk, for macadam with Wam- 
pum or Bessemer stone, Tarvia X, silica 
gravel, $11,720; other bidders: Oatley & 
Ensign, Cortland, macadam Bessemer stone, 
Tarvia X, limestone chips, $11,997; mac- 
adam Bessemer stone, Tarvia X, silica 
giavel, $11,991; Thomas W. Nicholson, 
Cleveland, macadam with tar or asphalt, 
$12,000; C. J. Chinnock, Warren, macadam, 
Tarvia X, Cambrian stone, limestone chips, 
$11,761; macadam, standard asphalt binder, 
Cambrian stone, limestone chips, $11,391; 
macadam, Tarvia X, Cambrian stone, silica 
gravel, $11,933; macadam, standard asphalt, 
Cambrian stone, silica gravel, $11,546; Cal- 
laghan & Parkinson, Belleview, macadam, 
standard asphalt binder, limestone chips, 
$11,389; R. P. Burnett, Cleveland, mac- 
adam, Bellview stone, standard oil treat- 
ment, silica gravel, $12,412; macadam, Bell- 
view stone, standard oil treatment, lime- 
stone chips, $12,412; Walter F. Clifford, 
Ashtabula, macadam, Tarvia X, limestone 
chips, Bessemer or Wampum stone, $12,- 
2B8; macadam, Tarvia X, silica gravel, Bes- 
semer or Wampum stone, $12,416. 

Altoona, Pa. — Paving with Clearfield 
brick, to Bell-Bockel Co.; Lehigh brand of 
cement will be used; former action reject- 
ing bids rescinded. 

Fuyallup, Wash.— Paving in Districts 27 
and 28 to Warren Construction Co., 1105 A 
St., about $23,448. 

Tacoma, Wash. — Paving with brick a por- 
tion of Pacific ave., to Kessel Construction 
Co., $35,948; other bidders, W. J. Murphy, 
$3i\667; Wright & Sweeney, $41,190; N. A. 
Jones, $37,293; Lister Construction Co., 
$39,820; Anderson Construction Co., $36,260. 


Bairdstown, Cal. — Grading and graveling 
in Road District No. 1: H. V. Gentry, 
$12,516, and A. W. Beesemeyer, $24,991. 

San Diego, Cal. — Street improvements, as 
follows: Improving J St., Barber Asphalt 
Paving Co., 19c. per sq. ft. for paving, 35.9c. 
per sq. ft. for granite biock gutters; Fair- 
child-Gilmore-Wilton Co., 18c. for paving, 
35c. for gutters; E St., Fairchild-Gilmore- 
Wilton Co., 18c. for paving, 35c. for gutters; 
Barber Asphalt Paving Co., 19c. for paving, 
35.9c. for gutters; for improving F St., Bar- 
ber Asphalt Paving Co.. $100 for storm 
drains, 38.4c. for paving, 37.8c. for cement 
cu r b, 38.4c. for granite block gutters; Fair- 
child-Gilmore- Wilton Co., 19 8j. for paving. 
37c. for granite block gutters, 35c. for ce- 
ment curbs, $60 for cement pipe drain. 

East St. Louis, III. — Improving Linden 
ave.: (a) laying 1,090 lin. ft. limestone 
curb, (b) 56 cu: yds. excavation placed in 
fill, (c) removing 694 cu. yds. excavation: 
Myers Construction Co., (a) 70c, (b) 35c. 

(c) 45c; Meyer & Thomas, (a) 64c, (b) 
35c, (c) 35c; Gaynord & Sweeney, (a) 75c, 
(b) 45c; laying 1620 ft. paving, Myers 
Construction Co., Egyptian $1.89, Superior 
$1.89; Meyer & Thcmas, Albion $1.64, Alton 
$1.64, Egyptian $1.62, Superior $1.64; Gay- 
nord & Sweeney, Banner $1.71, Egyptian 
$1.78, Superior $1.72: imoroving 40th St., 

(a) Myers Construction Co., (b) Meyer & 
Thomas, (c) Gaynord & Sweeney, (d) Wal- 
ter Coonan; 1,255 cu. yds. excavation placed 
in fill, (a) 35c, (b) 35c, (c) 45c, (d) 30c; 
MTO cu. yds. excavation removed, (a) 45c, 

(b) 35c, (c) 45c, (d) 30c; 8 880 lin. ft. 
limestone curb, (a) 70c, (b) 66c, (c) 75c, 

(d) 79c; 180 lin. ft. 15-in. vit. clay pipe, (a) 
75c, (b) 85c, (e) 75c, cdV 90c; laying 8,665 
sq. yds. paving, (a) Egyptian $1.89; (b) 
$1.66, (c) $1.78; Superior, (a) $1.89, (b) 
$1.67, (c) $1.72, (d) $1.80; Albion, (b) $1.67, 
(d) $1.79: Alton, (b) $1.67, (c) $1.72. 

Louisville, Ky. — Improving Ramsdell ave. 
with vit. block gutters and asphalt drive- 
way; American Standard Asphalt Co., low- 
est bidder, $1.97 per sq. yd. 

Grand Haven, Mich. —Street paving: W. 
AW Match & Son Co., 1005 Hammond Bldg., 
Detroit, brick paving on 6-in. concrete 
foundation, $35,957; on 6-in. concrete, if 
contract is awarded before .Ian. 15, $35,665; 
Westrumite, with brick between rails, $35,- 



30; Marble Cement and Coal Co., Mus- 
;egon, Tarvia X on 5-in. base course, and 
^-in. top, 324,064; Tarvia X on 6-in. base 
ouise, and 2»4-in. top, $26,038; Tarvia X 
n 6-in. base course and 3-in. top, 5 29.9S8; 
:. 11. Kanmeir, 919 6th St., Port Huron, 
rick paving on 6-in. concrete foundation, 
35,554; C. Marshman, 226 6th St., Grand 
lapids, brick paving on 6-in. concrete foun- 
ation. $32,247; treated macadam, $24,203; 
spbalt eonciete, $32. £86; Fanell Bros., 701 
lain St., W., Lansing, brick raving on 6-in. 
oncrete foundation, $34,738; Carpenter & 
inderson, 310 Shepard Blk.. Grand Rapids, 
rick paving on fi-in. concrete foundation, 
31,050; C. E. Williams, 33 Paddock St., 
Irand liapids. brick raving on 6-in. con- 
rete foundation, $31,828; asphalt macadam 
n 6-in. concrete foundation, 523,344; as- 
halt macadam on 6-in. stone loundation, 
23,n;) 1 ; iar macadam on 6-in. concrete foun- 
ation, $22 89o; tar macadam on 6-in. stone 
OUlldatioii, $22,583; Anson Grune, 47 South 
Inion st., Grand Rai ids, brick paving on 
-in. concrete foundation, $3C0 to be allowed 
or use cf city roller, $31,485; Tarvia on 
rushed stone and 4-in. top course, $22,161; 
'arvia on conc-ete, and 4-in. top course, 
28,012; John Vander-Wheele & Cornelius 
andti -\V heele, 51 Baldwin st., Grand 
Lapids, brick paving on 6-in. concrete 
oundation, ! 32, 695. — Riggs & Sherman Co., 
'oledo, O., Engineer-in-Chaige. 

New York, N. Y. — Repairing and main- 
aining sheet asphalt pavements in Man- 
attan Foiousrh: fa) 270,000 sq. yds, as- 
halt pavement, including binder course; 

b) 500 cu. yds. Portland cement concrete; 

c) 1,000 sq. yds. old stone pavement, to re- 
ly: <d) totals: Uvalde Asphalt Co., 1 
[roadway, (a) 90c, (b) $7.50, (c) 75c, (d) 
247,500; Barber Asphalt Paving Co., (a) 
3c, (b) $7.8:), (c) 90c, (d) $255,800. 

Seatt'e, Wash. —Paving We -tern ave., 
'ergupon Coit Co., Arcade Annex, lowest 
idders, $58,996.60: only other bidder, Mc- 
idam & Co., $60,996. 


Ensley, £la. — Jefferson County Board of 
Revenue will construct $50,000 concrete 
eptic tank to purify drainage of county 
anilary sewer. 

Clcbe, fir\7. — City is considering fund 
Ian for establishment of sewerage system, 
.ddress Mayor Coplen. 

Pasadena, Cal. — Council is considering 
onstructicn of sewer on Mountain st. and 
n portions «f Hudson and Balvidere sts. 

Washington, D. C. — Improvements for 
orthwest section of city have been ordered 
rhich will include laying of a sewer in 
lount Pleasant and Irving sts. 

Washington, D. C. — Superintendent of 
lewers Asa E. Phillips has $40,000 avail- 
ble for construction of sewer from P st. 
Massachusetts ave. 

Augusta, Ga. — Commissioner of Public 
Vorks Kisbet Wingfield has lecommended 
iberal appropriation for construction of 
iteial sewers. 

Gainesville. Ga. — City will extend sewer 
ystem: E. P. Eppes, City Engineer, and 
lonsulting Engineer Barnett, Athens, havo 
een selected to supervise construction. 

Macon, Ga. — Alderman Elkin, Chairman 
f the Sewer Committee, has stated that 
lying of sewers in South Macon and on 
Napier Heights would be taken up after 
iresent work on Boundary st. is com- 

Murphysboro, III. — Council has author- 
zed construction of sewer system to drain 
loitb half of city. 

Peoria, III. — Superintendent of Sewers 
sheiman Eckley has recommended con- 
itructicn of sewer on south side. 

Jefferson, la. — Plans will be prepared by 
Engineers J. S. Worley Co., 206 Reliance 
3ldg., Kansas City, Mo., for system of sew- 

Keokuk, la. — Construction of sewer on 
st st is being considered. 

Topeka, Kan. — City Commissioners are 
onsidering construction of drains in First 
Vard to relieve surface water; cost $6,000. 

Wellington, Kan. — Plans will be prepared 
>y J. S. Worley Co., 206 Reliance Bldg., 
iansas City, Mo., for proposed sewage 
lisposal plant. 

Paducah, Ky. — E. F. Layman, Cincin- 
lati, O., has been selected to prepare plans 
'or septic tank to be installed for purifi- 
cation of sewage of Colonial Heights. 

Cassopolis, Mich. — Citizens have defeated 
jroposition to issue $30,100 bonds to install 
sewer system; dredging of Stone Lake and 
jeautification of its shores are being urged. 

Laurium, Mich. — Citizens are considering 
construction of sertic tank for purification 
A sewage; cost $10,000. 

Duluth, Minn. — County Board of Poor 
Commissioners has decided to wait until 
spring before beginning work on in- 
stallation of new sewerage system. 

Linden, N. J. — Township has decided to 
construct lateral sewer in Elizabeth ave. — 
J. P. Winans, Chairman Township Com- 

IVonmouth Beach, N. J. — Establishment of 
$50,000 sewer system is being considered. 

Sea Island City, N. J. — Pians have been 
accepted by Councils and bids will soon 
be asked for construction of a sewer sys- 
tem and sewage disposal plant to bo built 
during coming spring; cost, between $35,- 
OflO ami $10,000.— S. R. Goff, Ocean City, 
Engineer; T. E. Devow, President Councils. 

South Amboy, N. J. — City has sold $75,- 
000 sewer bonds to R. M. Grant & Co., New 

Verona, N. J.— Mayor J. R. Pratt has rec- 
ommended installation of sewage system. 

Binghamton, N. Y. — Plans aie being pre- 
pared for peculiar shaped sewer along Park 

North Pelham, N. Y. — Citizens have 
voted to enter into contract with Pelham 
and Pelham -Manor to go through villages 
for construction of outlet sewer to dis- 
posal plant; also $15,000 bends for construc- 
tion of outlet sewer; village of Peiham 
Manor has defeated proposition to enter 
into contract, while Pelham voted favor- 

Poughkeepsie, N. Y. — Board of Public 
Works has voted to construct sewer in 
N. Clinton st. and North St. 

Red Springs, N. C.— Citizens have voted 
bonds for construction of sewer system. — 
B. tearsall. Mayor. 

Cincinnati, O. — Plans will lie prepared 
for construction of sewer in Riverside and 
Hillside aves. 

Sandusky, O. — Mayor Geo. T. Lehler has 
recommended reconstruction of city's sew- 
erage system. 

Ligonier, Pa. — Application has been made 
to State Health Department for permit to 
build seweiage system and sewage disposal 
plant accoiding to plans prepared by F. H. 
Shaw, of Lancaster; work contemi late d is 
5 of 6-in., 8-in., 10-in.. 12-in. and 15- 
in. sewers, dist osal plant with sedimenta- 
tion tanks of "Emseher" type and sprink- 
ling filter beds and pumping station; bend 
issue will be voted on. — Fiank N. Keffer, 
Chairman Sewerage Committee. 

Sharpsville, Pa. — Town is considering 
construction of sewers during year. 

Murfreesboro, Tenn. — Mayor G. B. Gilt- 
ner has recommended laying of line of 

Texarkana, Tex.— Council has adopted or- 
dinance creating imp:o\ement district No. 
10 for purpose of instal.ation of system of 

Antigo, Wis. — Plans are being prepared 
by Engineer W'm. G. Kirchoffer, Madison, 
fer sewer and sewage disposal plant; cost 

Vvatertown, Wis. — City Engineer Arnold 
Kraelt is pre] aring plans for proposed 
seweiage system. 


Tucson, Ariz. — Construction of sewer in 
southwest portion of city: pipe, to Facific 
^ewer Pipe Co., of Los Angeles, Cal., 
38,001; to the Tucson Concrete Construc- 
tion Co., of Tucson, for laying sewers, 

Oroville, Cal.— Building sewer system, to 
Contia Ccsta Construction Co., $90,019; bid 
of J. W. I ierson. Sacramento, rejected. 

Washington, D. C— Building sewer from 
P st. near Rock Creek to Militaiy road, 10 
E. G. Gummel, 300 Rhode Island ave.. 
N. W. 

Jacksonville, Fla.— Laying 1,100 ft. of 
15-in. and 200 ft. of 12-in. reinforced con- 
ciete pipe to the Reinforced Concrete Cul- 
vert Pipe Co.. city. 

Louisville, Ky.— Contract for Section C of 
Middle fork sewer, involving $3(),0u0, has 
been awarded to the Henry Bickel Co., 

Houghton, Mich.— To Chester O. Davis, 
for construction of sanitary sewer. 

St. Joseph, Mo. — Constiuction of sewers, 
to E. F. Mignery; 59%c. per lin. ft., Dist. 
No. 53; 54c. for Dist. No. 114, and 55c. for 
Dist. No. 117. 

Plainfield, N. J.— Furnishing and install- 
ing sewage pumping machinery, to Blais- 
dell Macbineiy Co., New York City, $3,745; 
piant is to consist of motors, air compress- 
ors, ejectors and operating devices in dupli- 
cate, air receiver, pipe connections, gates 
and valves complete, cap. 175 gal. per 
minute througa 8-in. force, main 1.900 ft. 
long, actual litt from bottom of ejectors to 
outlet of force main, 21 ft. 

Newburgn, N. Y. — To Pietro Luciano, 
White Plains, for sewer in Lake st., $8,912. 

Akron, O. — Second ave. sewer, to E. Mc- 
Shaffrev & Son, $11,234.75; Water st. sewer, 
to H. O. Toole. 13,191 

Seattle, Wash. — Building sewers on 12th 
ave. 10 V. Romaglia and C. Christoforo, 
6506 3d ave., X. W., $21,883. 


Monrovia, Cal. — Construction of a sewer 
system: (a) furnishing all labor and ma- 
terial complete; (b) furnishing labor only, 
exclusive of vitrified pipe, brick and 
cement: Nukropina & Meletich. Lcs Ange- 
las, (a) $.8,889: Pekich & Tomich, of Los 
Angeles, (a) $83,273, (b) $41,115; R. C. 
Lowell, (a) $85,744, (b) $43,895; Register & 
Hendricks, of Los Angeles, (a) $87,770, (b) 
$13. "07; Zambica & Nikceirch. (a) 387,773; 
Chamberlain & Williamson, Pasadena, (a) 
$89,180, (b) $50,000; E. R. Werdin, Los 
Angeles, (a) $83,944; John Batch, Los 
Angeles, (a) $90,727, (b) $45,479; B. K. 
Davidson, Monrovia, (a) $94,218; Andrew 
HoLoway, Pasadena, (a) $95,110, (b) $43,- 
744; J. D. Kreen, (a) $95,892; W. A. Fnck, 
(a) ?f8 9(8; Peter Grbovoch, Los Angeles, 
(a) $99,031: A. S. Bent. Los Angeles, (a) 
$104,000: Thomas H. Shea, (a) $10o.919; 
Westlake Construction Co., (a) $113,008; 
Mcsmer & Rice, (a) J79.672; for material: 
VitiiPed pipe by Pacific Sewer Pipe Co., 
$38 271: concrete pipe by Reinforced Con- 
crete Pipe Co.. $11,000: brick by Los Ange- 
les Pressed Brick Co.. $10 ner M, and Stan- 
dard Pressed Brick Co.. $8 per M; cement 
bv Riverside Portland Cement Co., $3,000. 
Engineers, Olmstead & Gillelen, Wright & 
Callender Bldg., Los Angeles. 


Eenson, Ariz.— Board of Supervisors has 
granted f-anchi=e to J. S. Douglas, Douglas, 
arc! W. H. Brophy, Bisbee, to supply town 
with water works. . 

Riverside, Cal —Riverside Artesian \\ ater 
Co has issued 3200,000 bonds for installa- 
tii n of larger service pipes and improv- 
ins c vst6m 

SaVrarrento, Cal.— Board of City Trustees 
has decided to install a steam pump for 
city pumping plant. . 

St. Petersburg, Fla.— F. S. Guthrie de- 
sires pi ices on water works plant; daily 
capacity. 400 gals, of water. • 

Aigusta, Ga —Commissioner of Public 
Works Nisbet Wirgfie'd has recommended 
installation of additional fHer units. 

Gainesville. Ga.— City will extend water 
works: E. B. Eppes. City Engineer, and 
Consulting Engineer Barrett. Athens, have 
been selected to supervise construction. 

Chicago Heights, III.— City will ask for 
bids in spring fcr laying 1.600 ft. of 6-in. 
c. i. yvater main.— W. E. Lemertz, Clerk; 
J. C. Mote, Mayor. 

Moline, III.— Mayor Olscn has aprointed 
committee, G. A. Stevens, W. L. Velie and 
othe-s, to investigate water works and re- 
port if improvements are necessary. 

Stamford, III.— Citizens have voted to in- 
stall $13,500 water works system with new 
central plant. 

Gas City, Ind. — Munieipal water and elec- 
tric light plant destroyed by fire will be 
rebuilt.— Thos McKee, Chief Engineer. 

Scuth Bend, Ind.— National Beard of 
Fire Underwriters has recommended ob- 
taining of additional well supply, providing 
cf suction storage at pumping station and 
additional pumping capacity of at least 
16.000,000 gals, per dav; rebuilding cf all 
frame structures at pumping station with 
brick: extension of mains and installation 
cf gate valves. 

Atlantic, la.— The W. K. Palmer Co., En- 
gineers, 717-720 Dwig'it Bldg., Kansas City, 
Mo., are preparing plans for pumping and 
electric light riant fur city; bond issue $o0,- 


Englewood, Kan. — Bonds have been sola 
for construction of water works. — J. S. 
Worley Co.. 206 Reliance Bldg., Kansas 
City, Mo., Kngineers. 

Hugoton, Kan.— Stevens County Commis- 
sioners have decided to bore for artesian 
water. ... 

Hugo, Kan.— City is considering instal- 
lation of water works system. 

Mcund City, Kan. — Engineers J. S. Wor- 
ley Co.. 2iif.-7 Reliance I'ldg., Kansas City, 
Mo., have been selected to prepare plans for 
system of water works. 

Patterson, La.— City has selected Fred 
A. Jones Co.. Houston, Tex., as Engineer 
in cha-ge of construction < f water works; 
cost $30,000; will erect $1,000 building, con- 
struct steel elevated tank and install 1,000- 
gal. pump. 

West Brookfield, Mass. — Town is consid- 
ering construction of a water system; cost. 

Marquette, Mich. — Light and Power Com- 
missioner will erect dam at outlet of Silver 

Argyle, Minn.— Village is considering 
bond issue for installation of water works 
s\ stem. 

Minneapolis. Minn. — Bids will be received 
Feb. 2, 2 p. m., for $500,000 water works 
bonds. — D. C. Brown, City Comptroller. 

St. Joseph, Minn. — Village is planning 
extensions to water works system. 



Vol. XXX., No. 

Laurel, Miss. -Mayor Noble has recom- 
mend,, I Improvement and enlargement of 
city water works i lanl 

Moberiy ivo. -city has had plana pre- 
pared by Rollins & WestOVer, Kansas rjity 
'°f extension of water works; will Install 
Pumping plant; cost $60,000; contracts will 
be let in early spring. 

^Jr*? 16 "? 1 Mont - Citizens have voted $650,- 
ooo bonds to Install watei i lant 
Ro«SJm U 8k Neb.— Burns & McDonnell, 
Scarrltl Bldg., Kansas City, Mo., are com- 
pleting plans of water works and electric 
lighting improvements; cost $40,000; bonds 

Lodge Pole, Neb.— Geo. Potts is preparing 

BS?lSS3W ,taM for water works; cost 

Milford, Neb.— City has sold $18,500 
water bonds to Investors' Securities Co., 
Des Moines, la. 

Florence, N. J.— Taxpayers have for- 
warded petition to the Township Committee 
to ascertain lowest probable cost of in- 
stalling a municipal water service 

Hillsboto, N. J.— Town is considering 
construction of water works svstem 
*•» nn°n P f Wel , 1 '- N - J ;— Borough is considering 
$.5,000 bond issue for repairing reservoir and 
extending water mains. 

Verona, N. J.— Mayor J. R. p,att has 
recommended extension of water system 
and erection of stand pipe. 

TT^ ast A 1 "", / 3 - N - V.— Engineer Fred. K. 
\\ing 910 White Bklg.. Buffalo, has com- 
peted tentative pans for sewage disposal 
plant and sewer system: citizens will vote 
on the question soon; estimated cost $100,- 
000 Address Village President Brother- 

t Nev X, Y , 0rk A N - Y -— Bids will be received 
.?,"-, ^ ™n y , Clt ? Controller Prendergast for 
jzi.oUO.OOO bonds for developing water sun- 
ply system. . , 

Red Springs, N. C— Citizens have voted 
Issuance of bonds for construction of water 
works and sewerage system; will construct 
iron tank 190 ft. high, 125,000-gaI. capac- 
ity; cost $30,000; engineer not yet selected. 
—A. B.-Tearsall, Mayor. 

Thomasvi.le, N. C— Construction of water 
works and sewer s.\ dtem is being con- 

Mandan, N. D.— Plans and specifications 
are being completed by Burns & McDon- 
nell, Scanitt Bldg., Kansas City, Mo., for 
water works improvements, including new 
pumping station and settling basins, ap- 
proximate cost $65,000. 

Barberton, O. — City is considering pur- 
chase of 30 more acres of land for purpose 
of drill ng more artesian wells to make 
water supply of city nearer adequate. 

Cincinnati. O.— Bids will be received, Jan. 
23, noon, for $125,000 bonds to impiove 
water works.— E. Von Bargtn, City Auditor. 

Sandusky, O— Mayor Geo. T. Lehler has 
recommended general ovei hauling of water 
filtration plant. 

iviaaras. ore.— City will install $10,000 
water plant. 

Portland, Ore. -National Board of Fire 
Underwriters has recommended additional 
«n2 r ££ e fa ,? ilties for the 50,000.000 to 100,- 
000,000 gallons of water for use of the Fire 
Department; increase by two inches in 
size of service pipes, prevention of water 
waste, improvement of western low giav- 
lty water system, installation of duplicate 
main arteries from the reservoirs, laying 
of twelve new water mains, two fire hy- 
drants at each street intersection in the 
business section, and the establishment of 
gate valves in water pipes. 

Ligonier, Pa.— Flans have been submitted 
to State Department of Health for its ap- 
proval of contemplated enlargement of the 
mumeiral water works, which includes a 
circular, concrete reinforced distributing 
reservoir of 500,000 gal. capacity, and 
about 2 miles of 10 in. and 12-in. mains- 
bonds will be voted on. — F. H. Shaw Lan- 
caster, Consulting Engineer; Frank M. 
Keffer, Member Water Committee 

Newton, Pa.— Newton Water Co. has de- 
cided to make improvements to its plant 
and sink another artesian well to supply 

York, Pa. — Land fronting on the east 
branch of the Codorus C-eek in York and 
Springfield townships has been purchased 
by York Water Company for purpose of 
erecting impounding basin to store surplus 
water during winter for use in the summer; 
proposed improvements will begin early 
next sp'ing, and will require outlay of 
about $125,000. < 

Columbia, S. C— City has $6,000 avail- 
able for new hydrants, service connections, 

Gainesville, Tex.— Citizens have voted 
$ir>o,ooo bonds to purchase water works. 

Paris, Tex - Council has selected F H. 
Lancashire. Dallas, Tex., to submit report 
on improvement of water pumping plant. — 
Edward H. McCuistion, Mayor. 

Taylor, Tex. — Council has made agree- 
ment with A. T. Zilker, owner of Taylor 
water works, to increase water BUpply l»v 

erection of concrete pump house, increasing 
oi storage capacity, Installation of addi- 
',""''' .' ini1 larger pumps and boilers and 
10-in. ins!, ad Of 6-fn mains 

Park City, Utah. Mayor Frank Daley has 
selected Messrs. Kearns, Thompson & 
tteggs to secure plans and specifications for 

proposed water system. 

Spokane, Wash.- Flans for 12-in high- 
prtssure mains on Alain and Sprague sts 
and lo-in. mains on all cross streets from 
Division to Monroe have been drawn- In- 
stallation ol I2-m. main on 2d ave. at cost 
Ol approximately $120,000 suggested 

Pembroke, Ont,, Can.— Citizens have 
passed by-law to raise $65,000 to extend 
intake pipe of water works system 

Winnipeg, Man., Can.— Specifications will 
pe prepared for pump for two wells which 
city will sink. 


™!T,? rt , Wa y ne - ,'nd.— To Thrasher & Her- 
man, deep well contractors, Barr st to 
dull test wells on east side, where it is 
Purposed erecting pumping station No. 4, 
»l.b8 per ft. from top to bottom. 

Newton, Kan.— Furnishing 2,500,000-gal 
pumping engine to Laid:aw-Dunn-Gordon 

„?^.„ P f aul ' M '.""•— Hydrant and valve 
supply for coming year to South Park 
foundry & Machine Co., St. Paul 

Kansas City, Mo.— To Chapman Valve 
Lc '■'. OI ht - Louis, for valves, about $4,690 

Cimarron, N. M.— Construction of water 
woiks to the Cook & Gregory Construc- 
tion Co., Joplin, Mo., about $32,329 

Fort Worth, Tex.— Furnishing duplicate 
air compressor for city water works sys- 
«9 m r 7 i° the Ineersoll-Uand Co., St. Louis, 


Los Angeles, Cal.— Furnishing all fabri- 
cated steel and rivets necessaiy to con- 
struct 1,409 ft. of riveted steel siphon 9 ft 
6 in in diam.: Camden Iron Works. $9,400 
Lo.b. cars or alongside wharf, Camden, 
JN. j.; time of shipment 7 weeks from re- 
ceipt of order; shipping weight, 505,500 lbs.; 
Fast Jersey Pipe Co., $15,279 f.o.b., Pater- 
son, N. J; time cf shipment 6 weeks from 
receipt of notice; shipping weight, 265 tons; 
Springfield Boiler & Mfg. Co., $13,735 f.o.b. 
Springfield; time of shipment 4 months- 
estimated weight, 537,200 lbs.; United Iron 
Works, $12,000 f.o.b., Warren, Pa.; time of 
shipment first carload 30 days from date of 
nJ.'n e , r J shl Pr'ng weignt, app.oximately 506,- 
«?: d.i Power & Mining Machinery Co.. 
$14,816 f.o.b., Cudahy, Wis.; time of ship- 
ment fO days; shipping weight, 516,000 lbs.; 
Llewellyn Iron Works, $10,681 f.o.b , Alli- 
ance, O.; time of shipment, begin in 6 
weeks, complete in 90 days; shipping 
weight, 250 tons: Scu'ly Steel & Iron Co, 
per drawings, specify 476,462 lbs.; 4 per cent 
light of 19,058 lbs.; 435,520 lbs. at $10,150 
f.o.b.. Chicago, 111.; start shipping 30 days, 
complete shipments in 90 days; shipping 
weight, 480,000 lbs.; Pacific Coast Mfg. Co., 
$9,450 f.o.b., Pittsburg, Pa.; complete in 5 
weeks; shipping weight, plates 506,000 lbs., 
rivets 21,000 lbs.; Wm. B. Follock Co., $10,- 
725 f.o.b., Youngstown, O. ; time of ship- 
ment, 7o days: shipping weight, 466,000 lbs.; 
Kennicott Co., $12,172 f.o.b., Chicago 
He'ghts. III.; time of commencement of 
shipment two months after receipt of con- 
tract; estimated shipping weight. 490,000 
lbs.: Struthers- Weils Co., $14,610 f.o.b, 
Warren, Pa.; for steel plate of open-hearth 
flange quality, made according to Manu- 
facturers' Standard Specifications; esti- 
mated weight, 523.C87 His.; could commence 
shipping in 4 weeks after order reached 
shop: Braun, Williams & Russell, Inc., $10.- 
400 f.o.b., Sharon. Pa.; time of shipment, 
complete in 70 days; shipping weight, 540,- 
000 lbs.: Wildman Boiler Works. $9,990 
f.o.b.. Chicago: time of shipment, 60 davs; 
shipping weight. 492,000 lbs.; Riter-Conley 
Mfg. Co., $9,930 f.o.b., Pittsburg, Pa.; time 
of shipment 60 days; shipmng weight, 523,- 
000 lbs.; Shaw-Batcher Co. Pipe Works, 
$13,250 f.o.b., Sacramento. Cal.: time of 
shipment, begin delivery in 35 davs and 
complete in 30 days thereafter; shipping 
weight, 505,898 lbs. 

Spokane, Wash.— Completion of Lincoln 
Heights reservoir, S. A. Eslish and C. Har- 
nett, lowest bidders, $162,500. 


Mobile, Ala.— Board of Tublic Works will 
consider permanent lighting of Bienville 

Benson. firi7.— Board of Supervisors has 
granted franchise to J. S. Douglas, of 
Douglas, and W. IF Brophy, of Bisbee, to 
use streets for installing electric lights and 
power and for water system, and another 
toi transmission of electric power and light 
up Sulphur Snrings valley from Douglas. 

Northside, Cal. — Citizens League has en- 
dorsed plan for installation of light plant. 

Willows, Cal. -Town Trustees have r< 
lected bid ol Northe