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General Index 

Abiline. Public Work in 216,319 

Alarm Notes, Fire 274 

Albany, Brick Pavements in 1.32 

Wire Conduits 215 

Allegheny County, Roads ot 429 

Oountv, Pa., Roads of 663 

A. S. M. 1. and A. S. P. S. Combine. 

The 531 

Anaheim Sewage Farm 695 

Apparatus Figures. Fire 277 

Ashes, Collection of Garbage and... 640 

Asphalt Macadam in Nassau County. 74 

Plant. Indianapolis Municipal... 768 

Repairs in St. Paul 48 

Atlanta's Refuse Destructor 628 

Auto Apparatus, Horse or 275 

Apparatus. New Bedford's 346 

.Life of An 273 

Automobile Engines. Test of 383 

Automobile and Horses. Comparative 

Cost of 268 

For Testing Water Meters 7.. 

Autos in Water Department 732 

Bacteriological Department. City... 67 

Bath Houses for Providence 46S 

Bathing Beach, Seattle's Municipal. 345 

Baths, Public 240 

Bending Ten-Inch Cast-iron Pipe... 69 

Bends, Loss of Head in 562 

Bitulithic in Two Counties 765 

Bituminous Concrete, Mixing Plants 

for 41 

Gravel Pavements 48, 74 

Boats of American Cities, Fire 263 

Bond Market, The Municipal 863 

Bonds, Municipal 669 

Boston's Chauffeurs' School 27:; 

Brick, Ohio Heavy Traffic 422 

Pavement. Undermined 463 

Pavements in Albany 132 

Paving in Cuyahoga County.... 216 

Brick, Vertical Fibre 244 

Brooklyn's New Fire Alarm 790 

Busses in Huntington. Motor 102 

Instead of Street Cars. Motor... 103 

Catch Basin Cleaning 617 

Census Bureau's Municipal Statistics, 

The 381 

Chauffeurs' School, Boston's 273 

Chicago, Illinois. Country Roads.... 421 

.Motor Driven Flusher in 730 

.Sewer Maintenance in 828 

Chicago's Refuse, Incineration of... 791 
Chlorinated Water, Removing Taste 

from 129 

Civic Design, Course in 463 

Cleaning in American Cities. Street. 633 

Records, Street 641 

in Several Cities, Street 619 

Standards. Street 794 

Cleveland, Refuse Collection in.... 793 

Cleveland's Ledger Report 728 

Collection in American Cities. Gar- 
bage 629 

of Waste, Dav or Night 622 

Columbus Refuse Collection Notes. 624 

Combination Wagons, Lightening. . 274 

Concrete Pavement. Cost of 764 

Paving on Loomis Road 493 

Roads 760 

Roads, Wayne County 419 

Condemnation, Excess 464 

Conduits, Albany Wire 215 

Construction All-Important, Details 

of 427 

Contractor Sues State. Asphalt 729 

Contractor's Methods on Concrete 

Sewer 822 

Contracts for Contractors 45 

.Public Construction 47 

Convenience Station. New Providence 313 

Convicts for Road Work 759 

Cost of Laying Water Mains 466 

Costs, Disposal Plant 700 

Dallas. New Filtration plant at 559 

Dayton, City Manager for 863 

Dayton's New Government 244 

Tumps in the Flood 316 

Denver, Sewer Maintenance in .1 

Denver's Fire Department 790 

Departments, Co-operation Between 

Fire and Other 276 

Disposal of Municipal Refuse 625 

Plant Costs 700 

Doctoring, Amateur Municipal 731 

Dogs, Competitive Tests of Police.. 796 

Drills for Sewer Construction. Air. . S24 

Efficiency. Measuring Street Cleaning 797 

in .Municipal Work 321 

Electric Transmission. High Tension. 214 

Works. Holyoke Municipal Gas 

and 157 

Works. Wallingfonl Municipal.. 168 

Electrolysis Not Guilty 727 

Embankment in Road Construction.. 5S7 
Employes, Welfare Work for Munici- 
pal 134 

Equipment. Present Status of Fire.. 276 

.Upkeep of Road 560 

Erie. Water Purification at 72 

Exhibit. Municipal Engineering 132 

Fares, Street Railway 730 

Fifth Avenue Widening and Repav- 

ing 491 

Filter Patent Decision, Water 352 

Filters, Cleaning Slow Sand 469 

Filtration Plant at Dallas. New.... 559 

Financial Problem, A Serious 133 

Fire Alarm, Brooklyn's New 790 

Alarm Notes 274 

Alarm Systems 558 

Apparatus Figures 277 

Boats of American Cities 263 

Boat at Marinette 697 

Chiefs, Inspection by 274 

Companies, Volunteer 275 

Department Builds Apparatus... 273 

Department Cost Records 274 

Department, Denver's 790 

Department Notes. Richmond... 134 

Department. Seattle's 787 

Equipment, Present Status of. . . 276 

Horses Clean Streets 274 

Hydrants, Use of Memphis 104 

and Other Departments, Co- 
operation Between 276 

Fires were Extinguished. How 274 

in New York Incendiary 70 

Fitchburg Intercepting Sewer 97 

Flusher in Chicago. Motor Driven... 730 

Franchise Decision. An Interesting. . 378 

Frozen Services in Somerville 132 

Garbage and Ashes. Collection of... 640 

Collection in American Cities... 629 

Collection and Paper Baling.... 622 

Furnace. New Type of 628 

in Trenton, Wrapping 61S 

Gas and Electric Works, Holyoke 

Municipal 157 

Government. Dayton's New 244 

.Springfield's New 379 

Grading Streets with Steam Shovels 426 

Grand Rapids Water Works Notes. 862 

Hartford. Cleaning Water Mains at 853 

Hartford. New Reservoirs for 729 

Health. Effect of Sewerage Upon... 211 

Matters, Business Sense in 561 

Precautions, Hot Weather 73 

Service. Organizing Public 828 

High Pressure Systems 493 

Highway Commission. Wisconsin 

State ' 413 

Contracts, New York 698 

Department Organization 767 

Department, Records in Ohio... 428 
Engineering Students. Positions 

for 12 

Organization. New York 763 

Work, New York State 409 

Highways. Pennsylvania State 755 

Holyoke Municipal Gas and Electric 

Works 157 

Horse or Auto Apparatus 275 

Horses, Comparative Cost of Auto- 
mobiles and 26S 

Huntington, Motor Busses in 102 

Hydl mis in Louisville, Free 296 

and Valves, Standard Specifica- 
tions for 317 

Hypochlorite Tastes, Eliminating... 241 

Ice Plant. A Municipal 101 

Plants. Municipal 244 

Illuminated Boulevard. Long 858 

Incendiary Fires in New York 70 

Incineration of Chicago's Refuse.... 791 

in- ator, Wilmington's New 350 

Indebtedness legislation, Municipal. 45 
Indianapolis Municipal Asphalt Plant 76s 

Inspection by Fire Chiefs i'7-l 

Inspector Problem, Solving the 52S 

Johannesburg, Public Market of... 9 

Lamps, More Efficient Incandescent. 161 

Laporte's New Park 44 

League, An International Municipal. 46 

Leaks, Locating Water Main 382 

by "I'ulsograph." Locating Water 465 

Ledger Report, Cleveland's 728 

Library. Another Municipal Refer- 
ence 134 

.New York Municipal Reference. 10 
Light, Combined Marker and Street. 526 
Plants, Data Concerning Munici- 
pal Electric 172 

Plants, Electric 171 

and Power Plant, Seattle's Mu- 
nicipal 163 

.Winfield Municipal Water and. 240 

Lighting Business Districts /. . 167 

in Louisville, Ornamental Street 166 

.Rates for Electric 162 

Lighting System. Broad Street 857 

.Too Intense Street 863 

Louisville. Free Hydrants in 296 

.Ornamental Street Lighting in. 166 

.Water Consumption in 103 

.Water Filtration in 211 

,Wood Block Paving in 428 

Macadam. Treatment of Raveled.... 529 

Madison, Hot Mixer at 49S 

Maintenance the Keynote 42S 

Manager for Davton. City 863 

.Marinette. Fire Boat at 697 

Market House for Raleigh, New 668 

of Johannesburg, Public 9 

Markets, Municipal 829 

Marshalltown's Municipal Water 

Works 237 

Mechanicsville Water Works 697 

Memphis Fire Hydrants, Use of 104 

Water Department Notes 12 

Meters in American Cities. Water... 11 

.Care and Maintenance of 523 

in St. Louis, Water 375 

and Water Rates 243 

Milk Station. Municipal 727 

Supply. Public 731 

Milwaukee County Roads 417 

Mixer at Madison, Hot 498 

Monuments in St. Paul, Street 73 

Motion Pictures Teach Voters 732 

Moving Pictures, Municipal Use of. . 731 

Municipal Ownership Increasing. . . . 243 

Municipals. Ninety Millions of 628 

New Bedford's Auto Apparatus 346 

New Bedford Sewer Work, Cost of. . 104 

.Street Work in 73 

New Brighton Intense Rainfall at.. 664 

New Haven. Street Paving in 315 

New Jersey. Data Relating to Sewage 
Disposal Plants in the State of. . . 525 

.Sewage Disposal in 494 

New Orleans, Water Rates in 864 

New York Highway Contracts 698 

Highway Organization 763 

Municipal Reference Library... 10 

State Highway Work 409 

.Street Cleaning in 789 

Taxicab Ordinance 214 

New York's Smoke Decision 215 

Norfolk Municipal Repair Plant.... 242 

Offensive Trades. Regulation of.... 380 

Office. Any Voter Can Fill Any City. 863 

Ohio Heavy Traffic Brick 422 

oil Sprayer, Motor Truck 762 


Organization, Hlghwaj Department. 767 

,New V"i'k Highway 763 

Ownership in Port Arthur, Public... 668 

of Streets, The 199 

i izone v li. iu3 


Park, Lap. in, s New 41 

Patent Decision Water Filter 352 

Patents, Si ptic Tank 6'62 

Patents, Sew agi i Hsposal 1 

Patrolmen's I ■ - 104 

:ii. Cost "i ' toncrete '64 

i tpening In Winter 767 

i ii in i ii< .us Gravel .... I s . . i 

.t'lassii vim; lin.ulway 321 

i o i of Road 669 

on Loomis Knail. Concrete 493 

in Lonisx ill.-. Wood Block 428 

in New Haven, Street 315 

Number, Figures in the 353 

in St. Paul. .Municipal 102 

Street Car Tracks 197 

Units r,3l 

What Constitutes 499 

Pennsylvania state Highways 75a 

Philadelphia, l; .n in . .. 789 

Philadelphia's Torresdale Filter Plant 459 
Bending Ten-Inch Cast-iron.. 69 

Planning. City 217 

Plants and Reports. Sewerage 320 

Plant, Philadelphia's Torresdale Fil- 
ter 459 

Plants for Bituminous Concrete, 

Mixing 41 

Poles. Join! Use of S64 

Police Dogs. Competitive Tests of, .. 796 
Port Arthur, Public Ownership in.. 66S 
Position for Highway Engineering 

Students 12 

Power Plants. Large Vs. Small 167 

Plant. Seattle's municipal Light 

and 163 

Prime Movers 161 

Prisoners, Quarrying with City 1 

Property Public. Keeping Public... 560 

Providence, Bath Houses for 468 

Convenience Station, New 313 

Public Service as a Profession 351 

"Pulsograph.V Locating Water Leaks 

by '. 463 

Pump. The Steam Turbine 665 

Pumps in the Flood. Dayton's 316 

.St. Louis Centrifugal 697 

Purchasing and Storekeeping. Mu- 
nicipal 591 

Purification Tlants. Water 31S 

Quarrying with City Prisoners 1 

Railway Fares. Street 730 

.A Municipal Electric 725 

Rainfall at New Brighton. Intense.. 664 
Raleigh New Market House for.... 668 

Sates for Electric Lighting 162 

Records, Fire Department Cost 274 

in Ohio Highway Department.. 42s 

.Street Cleaning 641 

and Work Units. Physical 699 

Reforestation of Water Sheds 72 

Refuse Collection in Cleveland 793 

Collection Notes. Columbus 621 

Collection in Philadelphia 7S9 

c.iii.-etlon Wagons 625 

Destructor. Atlanta's B2S 

.Disposal of Municipal 623 

.Incineration of Chicago's 701 

.Power from 797 

.Wagons for Collecting; 640 

Repaying, Fifth Avenue 693. 730 

.Fifth Avenue Widening and.... 491 
Repair Plant. Norfolk Municipal.... 242 

Municipal 831 

Sew.-r. m.- Plans and 320 

Reservoirs tor Hartford, New 729 

Richmond Fire Department Notes... 134 
River Bank Protection at st. Louis.. S 

l:..-oi i '..ii:.- i-. -is, International 239 

1 1 tii i ion, Embankment in . 587 

Engineer, I 'osltion for 527 

Equipment, Upkeep of 560 

Work. Convicts for 759 

Roads of Allegheny County 129 S63 

to Build, What Kind of. 127 

.Chicago, Illinois. Country 421 

.Concrete 7Cir 

.To I ni|.r..\ e French . 764 

..Milwaukee County 1 1 ; 

.Wayne I iounl s I lonci ete 410 

's Sewage Disposal 825 

Rubbish Burners, Local , 642 

st. Lou .1 Pumps >-'-; 

Municipal Open Air Sv I r 

Pool '. . 127 

River Bank Protection i1 

.Water Meters in 

St Pa ui. Vsphalt Repairs in 48 

i pe i Paving in 

-Street Mom -uts in 73 

'.i W 01 ks Kill. S 101 

Santa Be rbe i . Municipal Water 

Works j-.., 

Savannah, SJachtn. Shop toi 278 

I- ii llllrnt 

Municipal Bathing Beach... 845 

Municipal Light and Power pi 

a eptic Tank Patents 862 

Disposal in New Jersey..... 494 

posal Patents 700. 731. 830 

.sal Plants. Maintenance of 

469. 531 
Disposal riant. Springfi. 
Disposal Plants in the State of 
x.-w Jersey, Data Relating to. 525 

Disposal, Rochester's 

Disposal, Shellfish and 348 

Farm, Anaheim 695 

Sewer. Artistic Treatment of Ex- 
posed 132 

.Contractor's Methods on Con- 

crete |jl 

Construction. Air Drills tor 824 

. trades, Flat D !ji 

House Connections »31 

.Intercepting, Fitchburg 97 

Maintenance in Chicago 828 

.Maintenance in Denver il 

Service, Charges for 830 

Work. Cost of New Bedford 104 

Sewerage Plans and Reports 320 

and Typhoid Fever 216 

Upon Health. Effect of 211 

Sewers, House or Sanitary 593 

and Unusual Rainfalls 

Shellfish and Sewage Disposal 3 1s 

Shop for Savannah. Machine 273 

Sidewalks, Control of 666. 695 

.Removing Snow from 640 

Smoke Decision. New York's 215 

Suppression - 1 1 

Snow from Sidewalks. Removing. 640 

Somerville. Frozen Services in 132 

South Orange Water Works 858 

Springfield's New Government 379 

Springfield Sewage Disposal Plant.. 

553. 5S9 
Standard Units for Municipal Work. 668 
Statistical Tables, Municipal Jour- 
nal's 351 

Statistics, Census Bureau's Municipal 

381. 593 

.Water Works 13 

Storekeeping. Municipal Purchasing 


Street Across a Valley. Carrying A. 76S 

Cleaning in American Cities.... 633 

Cleaning Efficiency, Measuring.. ,o, 

Cleaning in New York 789 

Cleaning Records 641 

Cleaning in Several Cities 619 

Cleaning standards 794 

Cle ining in Washington 613 

Development, An Idea of 46 

Work in New Bedford 73 

Streets. Fire Horses Clean 2.1 

.The Ownership of 499 

With Steam Shovels, Grading.... 426 
Swimming Pool. St. Louis Municipal 

Open Air 127 

Taxicab Ordinance, New York 211 

Tracks. Paving Street Car 297 

Trenton. Wrapping Garbage in 61S 

Truck Oil Sprayer, Motor 762 

Typhoid Fever, Sewerage and 215 

Units. Physical Records and Work. 609 
for Municipal Work. Standard.. 668 

Valley. Carrying a Street Across a.. 76s 
Valves, Standard Specifications for 

Hydrants and 317 

Vehicle Sizes. Regulating 699 

Volunteer Fire Companies 273 

Wagons for Collecting Refuse 640 

.Refuse Collection 625 

Wall. A Steel Pile Retaining 97 

Wallingford Municipal Electric 

Works 16S 

Washington. Records of Street 

Cleaning in 613 

Water Works. Use of Alum b> I 

Waste Prevention, Water 3 

Wastes. Day or Night Collection of. 622 

Water Connections, Dual 669 

Consumption in Louisville 103 

Department. Autos in 732 

Department Notes, Memphis 12 

Filter Patent Decision 352 

Filtration in Louisville 214 

and Light. Winfield Municipal.. 240 

Main I.e. i ks, Loc iting 382 

Mains. Cost of Laying 466 

Water Mains at Hartford". Cleaning, 864 

Meters in American Cities 11 Automobiles for Testing 15 

Meters. Care and Maint. 

Meters m St. Louis 375 

Purification at Erie ; j 

Purification, i isone 11, 103 

Purification Plants 318 

Rates in N'.-w Orleans 864 

Pates. Meters and 343 

.Removing Taste from Chlori- 
nated 129 

Sheds, Reforestation of . . 72 

Supply. A Shallow Well 529 

Systems, Combining Municipal 856 

Tower, the 4«6, 197 

Waste Prevention 3 

Works. Marshalltow n's Municipal 237 

Works, Mechanicsville 697 

Work Notes. Grand Rapids 862 

Works Uni. jap ] Uego 101 

Works, Santa Barbara Municipal 129 

Works, South Orange 858 

Works Statistics 13,860 

Works, Use of Alum by Wash- 
ington 130 

Wayne County Concrete Roads 419 

Welfare Work for Municipal Em- 
ployes 134 

Well Water Supply, A Shallow 529 

Wilmington's New Incinerator 350 

Winfield Municipal Water and Light 240 

Winter. Pavement l ipening in 767 

Wisconsin State Highway Commis- 
sion 413 

w 1 Block Paving in Louisville.... 42s 

Work, Preparing for Next Year's... 767 

News of Municipalities 


Alamogordo. N. M 532 

Albany, N. Y 17, 49. 322. 470. 563. 

564, 643. 670, 770, S33 

Allentown. Pa 798 

Alpena Mich 136 

Altoona. Pa 106, 136 

Asheville. N. C 7" I 

Atlanta, Ga 865 

Auburn. N. Y 672 

Baltimore, Md 16 322, 123, 430, 

170, 171. B66 

Binghamton, N. Y...17. 386. 643. 670. 799 

Birmingham. Ala 18. 188, 355 

Bisbee. Ariz 187 

Bloomsburg, Pa 644 

Boone. Iowa 6T0 

Boston. Mass 245 

Bridgeport. Conn. ..324. 3S5. 431. 704. s32 

Bristol. Tenn 3S5 

galgary, Alta 245 

Carlisle, Kv 704 

Charleston, S. C 770 

Charlottesville, Va 703 

Chattanooga. Tenn 73-1 

Ghehalis, Wash 594 

Chicago, ill 13 

Chillicothe. MO 49 

Chisholm. Minn 563 

Clinton, la 670 

Columbia. Mo -19 

Columbus. 49, 769 

Coquille. Ore 431 

Corpus Christi, Tex 17 

Council Bluffs, la 19, 245 

Dallas. Tex 471, 671 

Denison, Tex 77 

Denver. Colo 136 

Des Moines. la 77, 355. 866 

Detroit, Mich 430 

Duluth. Minn 16 

Dunkirk. N. Y 769, 798 

Eaton Rapids, Mich 432 

East Pennsboro, Pa 532 

El P.i so. Tex 

Eric. Pa 215 

Eugene, Ore 356 

Flint, Mich 594, 865 

Forth Smith. Ark 218 

Fort Worth. Tex... 77. 106, 385, 132. 703 

Franklin. X. H 18? 

Frankfort. Kv 6 

Freeport, 111 135 

Galesburg, 111 671 

Galveston. Tex 704 

Granger, T.x 19 

Green Bay. Wis 3.S5 

Greenville. Tenn 770 

Hagerstown, Md 16, 136 

Haily, Ida 135 

Hamburg. la 246 

Harrisburg, Pa 187, 356, 170, 704 

Hartfoi .! i !onn 832 

Haskell. Tex 76 

1 1 1 1 boro, Pa 7H9 

Hood River, Ore 17 

Indianapolis, Ind 76. -i:'.l 

Jacksonville, 111 136 

i -n. 5-s ill.-. Wis 

n i 'it v. Mo 105, 323 

Jersey City, N. .1 866 

Kalamazoo, Mich 50, 703 

Kalkaska. Mich 77 

K enosha, Wis 17 

. X. J 135 

Keokuk, la 704 

Laramie. Wyo 431 

Las Cruces. N. M 734 

Lexington, Ky 76 

Lincoln, Neb 323.670 

Little Rock. Ark 385 

i. N. Y 470 

Long Branch, N. .1 322 

i os Ingeles, Cal 295 

Lowell, Mass 865 

Lvnn. Mass 431, 670, 704 


McKinney, Tex ™* 

Madison, Wis ±2'' 

Manasquan, N. J. ' '" 

Merchantville. N. J ■ • • '" 

Milwaukee, Wis "- <"» 

Montbrook, Fla <?? 

Morgantown, W. Va *■>? 

Muncie, Ind '" 

New Brunswick. N. J 295 

New Decatur, Ala '*» 

New Hampton, la "' 

Newport News, Va • ■ *"» 


New York. N. Y 

Niagara Falls, Ont. 
Norfolk, Neb 



Dinube, Cal. . . . 
Douglas, Ariz. . 
Douglas, Ga. . . 
Duluth, Minn. . 
Elizabeth, N. J. 
Elizabeth City. I 
Ellsworth, Kan. 

Erie, Pa 

Eugene, Ore. . . 
Evansville, Ind. 

Fond du Lac, Wis 
Fort Wayne, Ind. 
Fort Worth, Tex. 

Oakland, Cal SJS 

Ocala, Fla • ■ °JS 

Orange, Tex •"• .'L 

Oswego, N. Y B * 4 - ,0u 

Paris, France *? 

Pasadena, Cal |ii 

Pendleton, Ore. .-•••■ ■■•• - ■••• ■ JiV Sgl 

Philadelphia, Pa.... 76, 29o. 323, 350, 86o 

Pittsburgh, Pa "J 

Pocatello. Ida D " 

Port Arthur. Tex " 

Portland, Ind • ■ ■ • ■ ■ ■ • i: !» 

Portland, Ore 218. 594 - L <Y. 

Potsdam, N. T ^.i 

Providence, It. I iii"oiR 7-4 

Pueblo, Colo 1S8 . iib ' <** 

Raleigh, N. C 500, " 

Reading, Pa. . . 

Richmond. Va *"■■ ° 


6 9 

St. Augustine. I la « 

St. Paul, Minn 

St. Peterabui 
Saginaw, Mich. ■ ■ ■ 

Salem, Ore 

Salisbury, N 


Salisbury, n. \~ ■•• ■ -- 

Salt Lake City, Utah "i 

San Angelo, Tex • ■ • 500 

San Antonio, Tex. 

T^-^n^iar-n (Tal i u\,, - * ~ 

. .106 
.672, 735. 799 




San Francisco, Cal. 

Saranac Lake NY.. 

Schenectady, N. Y... 

Scranton, Pa 

Shamokin. Pa 

Shenandoah, Iowa . . 
Smith Bend, Ind. ... 

; 1 :fri.i: on ".is.-295;-32.i;v54;594 
ipoi^wisT. ■•:.•.■■•.■ ".v.v.v*. \i\ 

Stsrling 111 r ,■.; 

Stigler, Okla • - s y 832 

Stockton, Cal 7i; ,, 

Stratford, Conn 563 

Stuntz, Minn. . • ■ 43 o 

Sturgeon Bay. Wis *J, 

Syracuse, Kan ^05', 

Syracuse, N. T 1UJ ' 

Tacoma, Wash 355 > SH 

Texas City, Tex ^ 

Topeka, Kan s ™.> 

Trenton, N. J ssi 


Utica, N. Y. 

Van Buren, Ark. 
Virginia, Minn. . 

Walden, N. Y 

Warwick. R. I. ■ • ■ • • •,■„' Ve " i nk' 'l\ 
Wa S bin g ton. 5 D.C.....50. 76. 105, 13 

Waterbury, Conn 

Watertown, N. Y 

Watertown, Wis 

Waukesha, Wis 

Waynesboro, Pa ■ •. 

Williamsport, Pa 00 



Youngstown, O 


Albany. N. Y. 
Altoona, Pa. 

Atlanta, Ga'. '.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.' 137 ' ^r 

Augusta, Ga 

Cedar Grove, N. J. 
Charles City, la. 

Chester, Pa 

Chicago, 111 

Collingswood, N. J. 
Cumberland, Md. 


Baltimore, Md 18S . 501 

lln 1 d? g o^'. Wash -..-:./.---.---.-.-.-.V99; 

Billings, Mont. \'% 

Binghamton, N. Y *'- 

Bisbee, Ariz ••• J " 

Bridgeton, N. J "• ,^ 




Geneva, 111 

Gloucester, N. J 

Gloversville, N. Y. . . 
Grand Rapids. Mich. 

Hadley, Pa. . . . 
Harrisburg, Pa. 
Hazleton, Pa. . 




Jersey City. N. J. 

.137. 218, 432, 565 

Lafayette, Ind. 
Landis, N. J. . 
Lebanon, Pa. . 
Lyndhurst, N. . 

Madison, Wis 

Mamaroneck, N. Y. 
Manistique, Mich. 

Nashville, Tenn. . . 

Newark, N. J 

Newberry, S. C. . . . 
New York, N. Y. . 
Niagara Palls, N. Y 

Ogden, Utah 

Oneida, N. Y 

Orange, N. J 

Paducah, Ky. . . . 
Pasadena, Cal. . . 
Paterson, N. J. . 
Peabody. Mass. . 

Peoria, 111 

Perth Amboy, N. 
Philadelphia, Pa. 
Pittsburgh, Pa. . 
Portland. Ore. . . 
Providence, R. I. 
Pulaski, N. Y. . . 

Burkittsville. Md *<; 

Butler, Pa ' utl 



Redlands, Cal. 
Renova, Pa. . . . 
Richmond, Ind. 
Rochester, N. Y 

St. Augustine, Fla. 

St. Louis, Mo 

Salem, Ohio 

Schenectady, N. Y. 

Sera li ton, Pa. 

Seattle, Wash 533, 

Shelbyville, Ind 

South Bend, Ind 

Springfield, Mo 

Superior, Wis 



.50, 218, 296, 356, 
.'.'.'. 188," 246,"3'5Y, 

Taunton. Mass. 

Toledo, O 

Totowa, N. J. . 
Trenton, N. J. 

Valley Junction, la. 
Vanlue, O 

Warsaw, Ind. . . . 
Washington, D. C 
Washington, Ind. 
Watertown, N. Y. 
White Plains, N. 1 
Wichita, Kan. . . 
Winchester, Ky. 
Wrighlsville, Pa. 

Yonkers, N. Y. 


Abilene, Tex. 

Akron, O 

Albany, N. Y 

Altoona, Pa 

Archer City, Tex. 
Athens. Tenn. . . . 
Atlanta, Ga 

Baltimore, Md 247, 433, 

Barnesboro, Pa 

Bayonne, N. J 108, 

Beaver Falls, Pa 

Belleville, Kan 

Biloxi, Miss 

Binghamton, N. Y 78, 771, 

Birmingham, Ala 

Bloomington, Ind 247, 565, 

Bristol, Conn 

Bryan, Tex 

Burlingame, Cal 

Burlington, Kan. 





G I 5 

S3 5 


29 6 

Mi 7 



. 106, 595Butler, N. J 219, 

Cambridge City, Ind 706 

Camp Hill, Pa 565 

Charlotte, Mich 51 

Cherokee, la 24" 

Cincinnati, O 

Cleveland, 107 

Clifton, Ariz 835 

Clinton, 111 18 

Coffeyville, Kan 296 

College Park, Cal 247 

Colorado Springs, Colo 387 

Conway, Ark 646 

Corpus Christi, T.-x 388 

Council Bluffs, la 358 

Dallas, Tex 78, 138, 219. 834 

Dayton, 771 

Des Moines, la 219 

Dover, N. J 51 

East St. Louis, 111 19 

East Syracuse, N. Y r 737 

Eugene, Ore 736 

Evansville, Ind 433 

Fargo, N. D 138 

Fond du Lac, Wis 19 

Fort Dodge, la 646 

Fort Smith, Ark 434, 800 

Fort Worth, Tex., 

51, 78, 108, 138, 596, 706, 737 

Georgetown, Del 138 

Germantown, Pa 834 

Gilroy, Cal 219 

Gloucester, Mass 834 

Grand Haven, Mich 51 

Gridley, Cal 596 

Hailey, Ida 50 

Hannibal, Mo 433, 534 

Harrisburg, Pa 706 

Hartford City, Ind 137 

Helena, Mont 866 

Hillsboro. Tex 137 

Horton, Kan 737 

Huntsville, Ala 78, 800 

Hutchinson, Kan 296 

Ithaca, N. Y 188 

Jersey City, N. J 52, 137 

Kalamazoo, Mich 138 

Kansas City, Kan 219 

Kingston, N. Y 502 

Larned, Kan 51 

Lawrence, Kan 296 

Lima, 474 

Lincoln, Neb 771 

Long Beach, Cal IS 

Long Island City, N. Y 219 

Los Angeles, Cal 565, 673 

Madison, Wis 502 

Madisonville, Ky 565 

Manchester, N. H 107 

Manitowoc, Wis 533 

Marshall, Mich 3S8 

Menomonie, Wis 138 

Milford, Conn 107 

Milwaukee, Wis 247, 533, 737 

Montague, Cal 78 

Murfreesboro, Tenn 646 

Nashville, Tenn 78 

New Orleans. La 433 

New York, N. Y 19, 247. 501, 705 

Niagara Falls, N. Y 357 

Oakland, Cal 835 

Oakland City, Ind 18 

Oak Point, Cal 800 

Ogden, Utah 51 

Olympia, Wash 595 

Oswego, N. Y 800 

Ottawa, Kan 296 

Paris, Ky 565 

Pasadena, Cal 325, 706 

Peekskill, N. Y 388 

Pittsburg. Kan 296 

Pittsburgh, Pa 248, 673 

Pittston, Pa 474 

Port Arthur, Tex 19 

Portland, Ore 137 

Poughkeepsie, N. Y 771 

Raleigh, N. C 219, 646, 800 

Reading, Pa 357 

Rhinebeck, N. Y 867 

Richmond, Va 51 

Rome, Ga 108 

Rome, N. Y 247. 596. 736 

St. Albans, Vt 736 

St. Paul, Minn 107 

Sabetha, Kan 79 

Sacramento, Cal 433, 866, 867 

Salem, 78 

Salina, Kan 296 

Salt Lake City, Utah 19, 138. 736 

San Francisco, Cal 474, 705 

Santa Cruz. Cal 247 

Santa Fe, N. M 137 

Schenectady. N. Y 137 

Seattle, Wash 19 

Sheboygan, Wis 325,433 

Shreveport, La 645 


Sioux City, la 387 

South Orange. N. J 800 

nburg, S. C 

Spokane, Wash I s . 873 

Springfield. Mo 108 

Statesvllle, N. C > 72 

Bulsun, Cal 50 

Syracuse, N. Y 387 

Tacoma. Wash 672 

Tehama. Cal 247 

Texarkana. Ark 388 

Texarkana. Tex 706 

Tblbodauz. La 51 

Tonopah. Nev 388 

Kan 107, 325 

Trenton, N. J 38 1 

Two Rivers. Wis 325 

Vallejo, Cal 800 

Valley Junction, la 1*>S 

Waco, Tex 19 

Washington, C. C 107,867 

Winchester, Ky 52 

Winfleld, Kan 296 

Winnipeg. Alan 645 

Winsted. Conn 107 

iury, N. J 51 

Woodland, Cal 137 

Wrlghtsville, Pa 78 

Youngstown, 188 


Abilene, Tex 566 

Athens, Ala 298 

Barberton, 503 

Battle Creek, Mich 79 

Boston, Mass 219 

Bridgeport, Conn 801 

Brownwood, Tex 79 

Buffalo, X. Y 772 

Cadillac. Mich 646 

Cadiz. Ky 79 

Calgary, Alta 297 

Camden. X. J 219 

Carthaere, Mo 108 

Cedar I'oint. Kan 79 

Centralis, Wash 109 

Chattanooga, Tenn 646 

- 0, 111 707 

Cleveland, 503 

(•lev- land, Tenn 772 

Coalgate. Okla 248 

Columbus, 707 

Dallas. Tex 389 

Dothan. Ala 647 

Duluth. Minn 73s 

Easton. Md 737 

El Paso, Tex 108 

Ely, -Minn 474 

Falls Village, Conn 298 

Fort Smith. Ark 475 

Fort Wayne, Ind 389 

Freeport. L. 1 190 

Fresno, Cal 739 

Gainesville, Fla 800 

Geneva. X. Y 108 

Gridley, Cal 109 

Hampton. Va 24S 

Harnsburg, Pa S00 

Hartford City, Ind 52 

Huntsville. Ala 139 

Independence, Ore 706 

Indianapolis, Ind 189 

tola, Kan 109 

Jacksonville, Fla 70S 

Mo 219, 297 

Juniata, Pa 73S 

Kalamazoo, Mich 602 

Kenmare, X. D 673 

Keokuk, la 325 

Knoxville, Tenn 707 

Lake Charles, La 503 

Lawrence. Kan 566 

England 7"s 

Little Falls. Minn 673 

Los Angeles. Cal 297, 358, 389 

Louisville. K'- 475 

Loveland, Colo 503 

Marion, 475 

Milwaukee, Wis 79. 298 

Minneapolis, Minn 20. 52. 190. 674 

Moline. Ill 139 

Muncie. Ind 534 

Munfordville, Ky 772 

Muskegon, Mich 189 

Niagara Falls. X V 475 

Newberry, Fla 867 

Xorth Attleboro, Mass 503 

Ocos, Guatemala 503 

Ogden. Utah 674 

Oklahoma City, Okla 139 

Oroville. Cal 646 

Palo AltO, Cal 325 

i "ranee 

Paris Kv 70 i 

raVcai: .:... 109. 359. 867 

ue, X. Y 298 

Lmboy, X. J ■•■ ■ l|J 

Iphia, Pa 189, 190, .is. 861 

rice, R. 1 190, 358 

Puyallup, Wash 219 

Racine, Wis ■„• ■ 389 

Richmond, Ind 3o8. 801 

Richmond, Va 13J. 1 i- 

Riverside. R. 1 109 

Rochester, X. Y" 800 

Roff. Okla 52 

Rome, Ga 109 

St. Marys, Pa 835 

San Bernardino. Cal 706 

Sandusky. O §74 

San Francisco. Cal 697 

Schenectady. X. Y 190 

South Bend. Ind 139 

South Y'uba. Cal 29 < 

Spooner, Wis 297 

Springfield, 111 325, 706. 835 

Sterling. Ill 596 

Tacoma, Wash 139. S88 - , 772 

Tarboro. N. C 190 

Terrell, Tex 673 

Tillamook. Ore 674 

Topeka, Kan 190, 737 

Tremont, Neb 738 

Trenton. N. J 108 

Tulsa. Okla 475 

Villisca, la 139 

Virginia. Minn 358, 772 

Wakefield. Mass 248 

Washington. D. C 565, 597 

Waterburv. Conn 738 

Waterloo. X. Y 867 

Widnes. England 73S 

Wilkes-Barre, Pa 867 

Willimantic, Conn 867 

Wymore. Neb 475. 772 

Yonkers, N. Y 359 


Albany, N. Y 504 

Albion, Mich 109 

Alton. HI 772 

Archbold, 434 

Atlantic Citv, X. J 299 

Auburn, X. Y" 20 

Austin, Tex 504 

Belleville. N. J 325 

Binghamton. X. T 109 

Bismarck, X. D 504 

Boston. Mass 70S 

Bridgeport. Conn 190. 597 

Brooklyn. X. Y 735 

Burlington. N. J 475 

Chattanooga. Tenn 476 

Chicago, 111 504 

Chico. Cal 598 

Columbus. 504 

Connersville. Ind 299 

Denison, Tex 534 

Detroit. Mich 534 

Dubuque, la 476 

Elizabeth, X. J 20, 139 

Erie. Pa 835 

Gadsden. Ala 7 73. £68 

Goliad. Tex 597 

Grand Rapids. Mich 20, 647 

Hamilton, Ont 739 

Harrisburg, Pa 248 

Hot Springs, Ark 389 

Houlton. Me 191 

Indianapolis, Ind 359 

Jersey City. X. J 298 

Lawrence. Kan 709 

Lebanon, Pa 675 

Marinette. Wis 20 

Marion. Ind 434 

Newport News, Va 503 

Xew Providence. X". J 326 

New York, X Y 20, 79, 109. 298. 

"03. 504 
Alaska 566 

Oklahoma City. Okla 220 

Passaic, N. J 360 

Pendleton. Ore 801 

Pensacola. Fla 868 

Philadelphia. Pa '. 299 

Porterville. Cal 299 

Portland, Ore 773 

Providence, R. 1 367 

Pueblo, Colo 360 

Queens, N. Y 298 

Richmond, Cal 2»» 

Richmond. Va 24S 

Roselle, N. J 299 

St. Louis, Mo ■. 476 

St. Paul. Minn 674 

Sacramento, Cal 504 

Salem. O 708 

Salt Lake City, Utah 360 

San Angelo, Tex 708 

San Francisco, Cal 325 

Savannah, Ga 801 

Schenectady, N. Y 835 

Sentinel Butte, N. D 20 

Spartanburg, S. C 674 

Springfield. Ill 476 

Sterling, 111 566 

Trenton, N. J 597 

Washington, D. C 79 

Waycross. Ga 191 

Wilkes-Barre. Pa 566 

Willow Grove. Pa 739 

Wilmington, Del 868 

Winsted, Conn 647 


Alton, 111 772 

Atlanta, Ga 20, 434 

Augusta. Ga 190 

Beaver, Pa 739 

Benton Harbor. Mich 835 

Binghamton. X. Y" 566 

Bristol. Tenn 709 

Brockton, Mass 868 

Chicago, 111 79. 868 

Denver, Colo 566 

Detroit, Mich 868 

Dover, N. H 390 

Duluth, Minn 801 

Evanston, 111 435 

Hartford, Conn 801 

Indianapolis. Ind 801 

Jacksonville. Fla 299 

Kansas City. Kan 390 

La Crosse, Wis 709 

London. Eng 190 

Xew York City, X. Y...326. 360. 801. 868 

Oakland, Cal 109 

Pensacola, Fla 868 

Philadelphia. Pa 109, 86S 

Pine Bluff. Ark 389 

Portsmouth, Va 77:; 835 

Providence, R. 1 70S 

Rochester. N. Y 220, 476 

St. Louis, Mo 53, 190 

San Francisco, Cal 109 

Trenton, N. J 139 

Warwick, R. 1 835 

Washington, D. C 52, 708. 801 


Abilene. Tex 110 

Akron, 534. 598 

Anniston, Ala 476 

Atlanta, Ga 435 

Atlantic City, N. J 110 

Baltimore, Md 220 

Bayonne, X*. J 191 

Binghamton, X*. Y" 435 

Bloomfield. X. J 80 

Boston, Mass 53, 326. 598 

Boulder, Colo 110 

Bridgeport, Conn 80, 868 

Bristol. Va 110 

Buffalo. N. Y 801 

Canandaigua, N. Y 868 

Carson City, N T ev 698 

Chattanooga. Tenn 709 

Cincinnati. 801 

Cortland, X'. Y 868 

De Kalb, 111 21 

Detroit, Mich 249 

Dover, Del 698 

Elizabeth, N. J 22 

Erie, Pa 248 

Franklin, Pa 709 


Gainesville, Fla 21 

Grand Rapids, Mich f*0 

Grand Saline. Tex SO 

Haverhill. Mass 220. 504 

Holyoke. Mass 801 

Homestead. Pa »*» 

Houston, Tex 300 

Ithaca, X Y 6*7 

Jefferson City, Mo 140 

Lebanon, Pa 21 

Lynchburg. Va 6*8 

Lynn, Mass 360 

Macon, Ga 21, 476 

Madison. Wis 110 

Manchester. X. H 647 

Martins Ferry W. Va 773 

Morristown. N. J o34, 6 1 5 

Nashville, Tenn 21, 835 

Naugatuck, Conn 300 

New Bedford. Mass 390 

Newburgh, N. Y 535 

New Market, X. J 191 

Newport. R. 1 249 

Newport Xews. Va 739 

Xew York City. X. Y 191 

Xorth Attleboro, Mass 390, 740 

Ogdensburg, X. Y 21 

Oswego. X. Y 360 

Paris, France 476 

Paterson, X. J 249. 390 

Pawtucket, R. 1 21 

Peabodv, Mass 675 

Philadelphia, Pa 53 

Portland, Ore 476 

Racine, Wis 868 

Redding. Cal 390 

Roanoke, Va 140 

St. Louis, Mo 53. 435 

St. Paul. Minn 675 

Sacramento. Cal 505 

San Antonio. Tex 300 

San Francisco. Cal 140 

San Joaquin. Cal 326 

San Mateo, Cal 53 

Schenectadv. X. V 80 

Scranton. Pa 773 

Sodus, X. Y 80 

Southampton, N. Y 53 

Superior, Wis 300 

Swampscott, Mass 801, 836 

Syracuse, X. Y 390 

Tarrytown, N. Y 835 

Trenton, N J 80 

Virginia. Minn 773 

Washington, D. C 80, 110 

Washington. Pa 80 

Whitehall, Pa 709 

Wilmington. Del 360 

Winona. Minn 80 

Woonsocket, R. 1 21, 110 

York, Pa 21. 59S. 709 


Amsterdam. Holland 568 

Anderson. X. C 648 

Arlington Heights, Cal 391 

Athens, Ga 599 

Atlanta, Ga 505. 773 

Baltimore. Md 53, 81, 436 

Barnesville. Minn 300 

Beaver Falls, Pa 220 

Berlin, Germany 505 

Birmingham. Ala 802 

Calgary, Alta 221 

Chester, Pa 741 

Cheyenne, Wyo 53 

Chicago, 111 648. 675, 802 

Cincinnati, 220 

Cleveland, 140, 802 

Collinsville, Okla 505 

eolumbia, S. C 774 

Columbus, Ga 869 

Columbus, 436, 599, 773 

Dallas, Tex 249 

Dayton. 192, 249 

Denver, Colo 740, 836 

Des Moines, la 300, 505, 598 

Dickinson, N. D 599 

Dresden, Germany 536 

Edmonton, Alta 869 

Elizabeth, N. J 53 

El Paso, Tex 63 

Eufaula, Ala 710 

Eveleth, Minn 599 

Fargo, N. D 836 

Fredericksburg, Va 300 

Greenville, Miss 599 

Haddonfleld, X. J 505 

Hammonton, X. J 675 

Harrisburg Pa. ...327, 536. 675. 740. 802 

Holvoke. Mass 536 

Hopkinsville. Ky 869 

Huntington. W. Va HI 

Indianapolis. Ind 22 

Irvington. X. J 675 

Ithaca, X. Y 535 

Janesville. Ill 250 

Jefferson City, Mo 7*0 

Jersey City. X. J 221. 567. 868 

Joplin, Mo 535 

Kansas City, Kan 327 

Kearney, X. J 709 

Kenosho. Wis 709 

Knoxville, Tenn 710 

Da Grande, Ore 535, 836 

Lakeland, Fla 567 

Lawrence, Mass 250 

Lents. Ore 191 

Los Angeles, Cal. 191. 221 

McKinnev, Tex 535 

Maiden, Mass 250 

Manchester, Conn *77 

Manistee. Mich 869 

Marinette. Wis 599 

Middletown. 249 

Morrisville, X. J 250 

Mt. Sterling. Ky 709 

Myersville, Md 536 

Naugatuck. Conn 249 

New York City, N. Y 327, 535. 567. 568 

Norwalk, Conn 53 

Omaha. Neb 599 

Orilla, Canada 477 

Paducah, Ky 709 

Pasadena. Cal 361. 391 

Philadelphia. Pa 191. 192. 250. 

536. 600. 64S. 675 

Phillipsburg. X J 567. 741 

Phoenix City. Ala 536 

Phoenix, Ariz 567 

Pineville, Kv 709 

Pittsburgh, Pa 436. 600, 773 

Pittstield, Mass 675 

Portland. Ore SI, 220, 435 536 

Providence, R. 1 22 

Pueblo, Colo 676 

Raleigh, N. C 535 

Richmond, Ind bt& 

Richmond, Va 648 

St. Augustine, Fla 220 

St. Louis. Mo 710. 802 

St. Paul. Minn 191. 361. 709, 868 

Sacramento, Cal 140, 250 

Saginaw, Mich 741 

Salt Lake City, Utah 536 

San Antonio, Tex 836 

San Francisco Cal 22. 300, 327, 

505, 774 

South Bethlehem. Pa 361 

Spokane, Wash 221 

Springfield, Mo 535 

Springfield, 391 

Staunton. Va Ill 

Suffolk, Va 436 

Sumter, S. C 250 

Superior, Wis 250 

Taylor. Tex 535 

Topeka, Kan 191. 300 

Trenton. N. J 599 

Union, N. J 250 

TJtica, N. Y 220 

Warrentown, Ore 327 

Yonkers, N. Y 535 

York. Pa 477 

Youngstown, 802 


Altoona, Pa 774 

Atlanta, Ga 192, 437 

Atlantic City, N. J 391 

Ballinger. Tex 1*0 

Beaumont. Tex 802 

Berlin. Germany 600 

Boston, Mass 328. 741 

Bradford. England 600 

Bridgeport, Conn 836 

Brooklyn, N. Y 192 

Buffalo, N. Y 140 

Chester. Pa 391, 869 

Chicago, 111 54, 537, 710, 741, 802 

Dayton, 506 

Des Moines, la 836 

Dowagiac, Mich 774 

El Paso, Tex 221 

Elwood, Ind Ill 

Erie, Pa 54, 600, 774 

Grand Rapids, Mich 648 

Green Bay, Wis Ill 

Hamilton, O 

Hartford, Conn 81. 

Lynchburg, Va 869 

Macon, Ga 54 

Morgantown, W. Va 54 

Xew Orleans, La 391 

Xew York. X. Y 140, 537, 710 

Oshkosh. Wis 774 

Paris, France 869 

Pasadena, Cal 2 2. 606 

Peoria, 111 328 

Philadelphia, Pa. ...22 251, 535, 649, 

741, 802 

Portland, Ore 710 

Racine, Wis 22, 301 

Reading, Pa 192 

Red Bluff, Cal 22 

St. Louis, Mo 23 

San Antonio. Tex 802 

San Jose, Cal 192 

Schenectadv, X. Y 437 

Spartanburg, S. C 648 

Spokane. Wash 328 

Sterling, 111 Ill 

Washington, D. C 391 

Washington. Pa 54 

Wilmington. Del 869 


Akron, 506 

Allentown. Pa 23 

Batavia, X. Y Ill 

Bayonne. N. J 506 

Berlin Germany 676 

Bessemer. Mich 23 

Birmingham, Ala 676 

Birmingham, England 600 

Bradford, England 569 

Bristol, Tenn Ill, 141 

Brooklyn. N. Y 538 

Butte, Mont Ill 

Calgary, Alta 222 

Chicago, 111 : 676, 774, S36 

Clifton Heights, Pa 222 

Columbus, 711 

Des Moines, la 301, 506 

Detroit, Mich 54, 222 

Elberfeld. Germany 570 

Elizabeth, N. J 506 

Glasgow, Scotland 141 

Hackensack, N J 506 

Harrisburg, Pa 837 

Hoboken, N. J 506 

Indianapolis, Ind 710 

Lima. 775 

Lincoln, Neb 54 

London, England 569 

Minneapolis, Minn 54 

Montgomery, Ala 837 

Montreal, Canada 774 

Newark, N. J 600 

New Bedford, Mass 774 

New York City, N Y 392, 537, 569 

Oakland, Cal 569 

Olympia, Wash 141 

Passaic, N. J 506 

Philadelphia, Pa 221, 538 

Phoenixville, Pa 676 

Rahway. N. J 506 

Roselle Park, N. J 506 

St. Louis. Mo 54 

San Francisco. Cal.. 54. 328. 537, 711, 836 

Schenectadv, N. Y 192 

Seattle, Wash 301 

Tacoma, Wash 251, 600 

Toledo, 140 

Tyler, Tex 192 

Vienna, Austria 569 

Washington, D. C. 392 

Wilkes-Barre, Pa 328 


Akron, 192 392 

Alton, 111 539 

Altoona, Pa 870 

Antigo, Wis 392 

Appleton, Wis Ill 


Baltimore, Md 81, 192, 538 

Berkeley. Cal 437. 869 

Ariz. 224 

lik.mnington, Ind 81 

23. 251, 741, S3< 

Bridgeport, Conn 224 

Brlelle, X. .1 650 

Bristol, Tenn 649 

Bristol, Va 649 

X. Y 251, 301 

Calgary, Canada 711 

Cambridge, Mass 

. 194, B50, 7 11. 77.".. S37. 870 

Cincinnati. 23, 55 

lid, 301, 570, 650. 676, 837 

Columbia, S. C 803 

Columbus, o 194, 329, 601, 676 

I Bluffs. la 650 

Dayton, o 56, 539 

Denton, Tex 829 

Denver, Colo Ill, 193, 775, 803 

huluth. Minn 837 

Edmonton, Alta 778 

Emporia, Kan 198 

Erie, Pa 194 

Fall River. Mass 223 

Fund du Lac, Wis 194 

Fort Smith, Ark 539 

Port Wayne, Ind 329 

Grand Haven. Mich 55 

Grand Rapids, Mich 141 

Hammonton, N. J 23 

Harrisburg, Pa 194, 328 

Hartford, Conn 223. 649 

Hartford city, Ind 301 

Hibbing, Minn 711 

Hoboken. X. J 392 

Hyattsville, Md 329 

Indianapolis, Ind 193 

Jacksonville, Fla 142 

Jamestown, X. Y 711, 870 

Jersey City, X. J 55, 222, 570 

Kansas City, Kan 837 

Kansas City, Mo 802 

Laconia, N. H 193 

Laporte, Ind 56 

Lawrence. Mass 55, 251 

Little Rock, Ark 23 

Long Island City. X". Y 223 

Los Angeles, Cal 141 142, 223, 

328, 361, 392, 477. 741 

Lynn, Mass 775 

Madison. Wis 802 

Marquette, Mich 570 

McAlester, Okla 870 

Milwaukee. Wis 361 

Minneapolis, Minn 56. 224 

Minot, X. D 328 

Monroe, La 803 

Mishawaka, Ind 193 

Nashville. Tenn 869 

Xewark. X". J 193 

Newberry, Pa 392 

Newburgh. X'. Y 142 

Xew London, Conn 223 

Xew York, X. Y 23, 55 111. 

223. 570. 676', 803, 870 

Oakland, Cal 539 

Oregon City, Ore 251 

Ossining, X'. Y 570 

Paducah, Ky 81 

Pasadena, Cal 223, 507 

Paterson, N. J 251 

Pensacola. Fla 55 

Perth Am boy, N. J 222 

Philadelphia, Pa. ..193. 301. 328. 477, 538 

Pittsburgh, Pa.. 329, 507, 570, 650. 775, 803 

Portland, Ore 81, 141. 837 

Provdience, R. 1 56, 870 

Quitman, Ga 23 

Raelne. Wis 329 

Rahway, X. J 870 

Raleigh. X. C 194 

Pa 870 

Richmond, Va 142, 224. 437. 64:' 

Rock Island, 111 23, 538 

St. Louis, Mo 142, 223. 224, 538 

St. Paul, Minn 141, 193 

Sacramento, Cal 193 

Salem. Ore 80S 

Salt Lake City. Utah 

San Angelo, Tex 81 

San Antonio, Tex 301 

San Francisco, Cal 32:'. 437 64'. 

inly. X. Y 223 

Seattle, Wash 55. 194 22a 

Sharon. Pa 14'> 

t. La 223 

Slsseton, s. l> 23 194 

Smlthville. Tex ' 887 

Solano City Cal 570 

Sparta, Wis 676 

Spokane, Wash 591 

Id. Ill 507 

Tacoma, Wash 570 

Taylor, Tex 251 

Ten e Haute. Ind 649 

Terrell. Tex 711 

Topeka, Kan 803 nville, X. J 194 

Tulsa, Okla 392 

Urbana, 111 392 

Vienna. Austria 803 

Walla Walla, Wash 224 

Washington, D. C 193 

Waterbury. Conn 223 

ocket, R. 1 570 

York. Me 81 

Youngstown, 55 

Legal News 

Abandonment — Xonuser — Highways 776 
— Proceedings to Condemn Land 143 
Advertisement, Defective — Assess- 
ment — Paving 838 

Agent, Authority of — Responsibility 
for Delays — Contract for Building 

Asphalt Plant 677 

Animals at Large — Ordinance — Vio- 
lation — Nature of Action 362 

Annexation of Territory — Fraud — • 

Evidence 540 

Area ways in Streets — Rights of 

Owner 601 

Assesed. Rights of Person — Public 

Improvements 331 

Assessment — Action to Cancel — Ten- 
der 838 

— Appeal — Bond 804 

Bills — Paving Contract 712 

for Cost of Water, Gas and 
Sewer Connections — Gas and 
Sew-er Connections — Charter 
Provisions — Street Paving ... 393 
District — Public Improvements.. 393 
District, Sewer — Omitted Prop- 
erty 82 

.Excessive — Payment — Effect ... 571 
— Paving — Defective A dvertise- 

ment 838 

Proceedings — Due Process of 

Law 677 

.Special — Public Water Supply B71 

.Street Improvement — Items 195 

Assessments — Ajacent Property — 

Sewers 224 

— Equitable Relief 804 

— Irregularities — Right to Sue. 540 

— Limit to Amount 24 

— Lots Affected 742 

— Review — Statutory Provision. S38 

, Sewer — Court Review 24 

.Sidewalk — Power to Levy.... 82 

.Special — Lighting Districts 195 

.Special — Validity 112 

— Statute — Taxation 838 

Attorney, Services of — Implied Con- 
tract 712 

Benefited, Property — Nature of Use. 571 

Benefits — Street Opening 712 

Bid for Sewer Construction — Misun- 
derstanding 871 

Bidding, Competitive — Patented Ma- 
terials 571 

.Competitive — Sewers — Ordinance 362 
Bond, Action on Engineer's — Com- 
plaint — Drains 479 

■ Contractor's — Right of Action.. 252 
Election — Publication of Notice 330 
Issue — Purposes — Statutory Pro- 
visions 540 

• Liability on — Village Treasurer 330 
Bonds, Awarding 838 

.County Road — Election 438 

.Improvement — Redemption of 
Property Loss 438 

— Increase of Indebtedness — 
Election 478 

.Issuance of — Conditions Prece- 
dent 331 

■ Issuance of — Injunction 540 

Railroad Aid 362 

— Statutes — Charter 742 

— Validity — Estoppel 871 

Bridge Construction — Warranty 571 

— Injury to Adjoining Owner.. 82 

Bridges — Duty to Light 507 

— Obstruction of X'avigable Wa- 
ters 651 

Building Ordinance — Retroactive Op- 
eration 776 

sin — Liability — Accident. .. 224 
lies — Distance from City Wa- 

Supply 394 

< harber Elections — Statutes 804 

Provisions — Indebtedness — Limi- 
tation 712 

1— Broken Water 

Pl 5« ■■ 651 

I'.r Property Taken for Public 

use 438 

Claims — Time for Filing — Continu- 
ing Damage 438 

Compensation, Change in — Unlawful 

Appropriation 25J 

Condemn Land, Proceedings to — 

Abandonment 143 

Condemnation Proceedings — Avail- 

ability and Adaptability o.l 

Condemned Pavement — Right of Re- 
moval 143 

Contract, Breach of — Water for Fire 

Protection '" 

.Breach of — Water Works Fran- 
chise 478 

.Bridge — Suspension of Work — 

Allowance for Costs 838 

for Building Asphalt Plant — Au- 
thority of Agent — Responsibil- 
ity for Delays 677 

.Construction of — Crematory.... 112 
.Implied — Services of Attorney.. 712 
.Paving — Acceptance — Effect . . . 478 

.Paving — Assessment Bills 712 

.Paving — Fraud — Damages 82 

.Paving — Interest of City Offi- 
cer 804 

with Reclamation Company . . . 112 

, Sewer — Extra Work 112 

.Sewer — Obstructions to Work. 479 
.Sewer — Reference to Ordinance. 252 
.Substantial Compliance with — 

Paving 601 

for W T ater and Fire Purposes.. 252 
for Water Supply — Term of 

Years 330 

.Written — Acceptance of Bill... 24 
Contractor Maintaining Signals — De- 
fective Streets 601 

.Material Furnished to — Liabil- 
ity 507 

.Negligence of — Liability of City 712 
.Negligence of — Sewer Construc- 
tion 712 

Contractor's Bond — Discharge of 

Surety 478 

Bond — Right of Action 252 

Default — City's Liability — Street 

Improvement S. 7 1 

Contractors' Materials — Street Ob- 
structions 24 

Contracts — Bridge in Another State 47S 

— Extension of Time 224 

.Implied — Highways — Towns . . . 394 

— Liens 143 

— Performance 571 

— Performance — Acceptance .... S38 
.Prohibited — Liability * of City.. 330 
— Rights of Material Men.... 

— Right to Relief 507 

Crematory — Construction of Contract 113 
Criminal Offense — Ordinances — Inva- 
lidity 331 

Curb and Gutter — Variance from 
Plan 776 

Damage. Continuing — Claims — Time 

of Filing 43S 

Damages to Abutter — Streets 24 

— Instructions 112 

from Original Grading of Street 651 

— Sewage Disposal Plant 82 

— Street Improvements — Adjoin- 
ing Property 651 

— Street Obstructions 24 

Dead Animals, Removal of — Ordi- 
nances 330 

Dedication — Streets — 1 Implication — 

Wharf Property 438 

Debts, Liability for — Extinguishment 

of Debts — Municipal Corporations 362 
Defective Buildings — Nuisance — Sub- 
Contracts 479 

Sidewalks. Injuries from 871 

Sidewalk — Nature of Defect — In- 
juries to Pedestrians 393 

Sidewalks — Temporary Obstruc- 
tions 252 

Street — Injuries — Liability 478 

Streets — Cellar Door 224 

Streets — Contractor Maintaining 

Signals 601 

Streets — Injuries — Contributory 

Negligence 507 

Streets — Injuries — Nature of Ac- 
tion 331 

Streets — Negligence 330 

Defects — Liability — Streets 651 

— Sidewalks 252 

in Street, Liability for — Sufficien- 
cy of Evidence — Condition of 

Street 393 

Delay in Work, Certificate of Engi- 
neer Regarding — Evidence 252 

Delays, Responsibility for — Contract 
for Building Asphalt Plant — Au- 
thority of Agent 677 

Disbursements — Counties and Cities. 43S 
Dismissal from Office. Police — Liabil- 
ity — Sufficiency of Evidence — Com- 
pensation during Suspension 394 

Drainage — Injury to Property — 

Highways , 776 

— Sewers — Surface Water 677 

Elections, Charter — Statutes 804 

Electrical Plant, Operating — Care 
Required 651 

Engineer, Authority of — Water 
Works Construction 776 

Engineer's Bond, Action on — Com- 
plaint — Drains 479 


Engineers, Licensing of Stationary.. 195 

Excavation with Lights, Guarding. . 651 
Expenditures — Amounts Stated in 

Estimate and Ballot 4 71' 

"Expenses, Usual Current" — Initia- 
tive and Referendum 394 

Extra Work — Sewer Construction . . . 571 
Work — Water Pipe Line — Change 

in Plans 804 

Ferry Terminals — Character as 
Highway — Lease — Taxation — Ex- 
emptions — Public Property 393 

Filtration — Negative Head — Validity 871 
Fire Departments — Hours of Work 43S 
Hose — Breach of Warranty ... 82 
Protection, Water for — Breach 

of Contract 712 

Purposes. Contract for Water 

and 252 

Franchise, Corporate — Taxation . . . 224 
— Duration — Water Companies.. 571 
.Expiration of — Street Railroads 24 

,Gas and Electric 194 

.Telephone — Injunction 143 

.Telephone— Validity 143 

to Use Bridge — Duty to Repair. . 4 7:> 
.Water Works — Breach of Con- 
tract 47S 

Fraud — Damages — Paving Contract. 82 
— Evidence — Annexation of Ter- 
ritory 540 

Functions. Extraterritorial 540 

Funds. Mismanagement of Water- 
works 252 

Garage, Location of — Police Power 252 

Garbage, Dumping — Nuisance 742 

Grade, Change of — County and City 

Streets 776 

.Change of — Intervention of 

Court 540 

.Change of — Liability of City . . . 143 
.Change of — Measure of Damage 

to Property 478 

.Change of — Railroad Right of 

Way 330 

.Change in — Right to Compensa- 
tion — Crossing Streets 362 

.Change of Street — Harmless Er- 
ror 56 

.Change of Street — Liability .... 507 
Crossing Elimination — Cost to 

Railroads 804 

— Streets — Location 82 

Grading of Street, Damages from 

Original 651 

Grant to Telephone Company — Dura- 
tion 362 

Guarantee. Pavement — Repairs 24 

.Paving — Defects Due to Expan- 
sion 24 

Health Regulations — Stables — Rea- 
sonableness 478 

Highways — Abandonment — Nonuser. 776 
— Drainage — Injury to Property 776 
— Negligence of Commissioner. . 712 
— Towns — Implied Contracts.... 394 

Hours of Work — Fire Departments.. 43S 

Hydrant — Street — Injuries 712 

Ice and Snow — Sidewalks 776 

Icy Sidewalk — Constructive Notice.. 331 

Sidewalk — Liability of City 651 

Sidewalks — Jury Question 56 

Improvement, Local — Review 804 

Improvements, Public — Assessment 

District 393 

.Public — Notice of Proposed Im- 
provement 362 

Incorporation of Municipality — Con- 
stitutionality 651 

Indebtedness Constitutional Provi- 
sions 479 

.Increase of — Ordinance 56 

.Increase of — Ordinances 56 

.Limitation of — Cash Assets 571 

— Limitation — Charter Provisions 712 
Initiative Ordinance — When Effective 

— Validity 394 

and Referendum — "Usual Cur- 
rent Expenses" 394 

Injunction — Smoke, Gas and Noise... 776 
Injuries to Abutting Property — Re- 
grading Street 143 

— Icy Sidewalk 601 

— Nature of Action — Defective 

Streets 331 

to Pedestrians — Defective Side- 
walk — Nature of Defect 393 

— Plank Walks — Presumptions.. 82 
Injury to Adjoining Owner — Bridge 82 
to Employee — Contributory Neg- 
ligence 56 

Intersections with Alleys — Street 
Improvements 143 

Labor Laws — Violation 712 

Liability — Accident — Catchbasin .... 224 

— Accident — Sewers 195 

— Change of Street Grade 507 

of City — Change of Grade 143 

of City — Icy Sidewalk 651 

of City — Negligence of Contrac- 
tor 712 

of City — Prohibited Contracts.. 330 
■City's — Obstruction in Navigable 
Waters 776 

■ City's — Street Improvement — 

Contractor's Default 871 

— Defective Streets — Injuries... 47S 
for Defects in Street — Sufficiency 
of Evidence — Condition of 

Street 393 

for Injuries — Care Required — 

Streets 56 

for Injuries — Sewer Construction 479 
— Maintenance of Water Mains.. 804 
for Material — Statutory Regula- 
tions 252 

— Obstruction of Street — Injury 

to Pedestrian 393 

— Material Furnished to Contrac- 
tor 507 

— Officers — Secret Dealings 331 

— Streets — Defects 651 

— Sufficiency of Evidence — Com- 
pensation During Suspension — 
Police Dismissal from Office. . 394 

of Township — Negligence 24 

for Ultra Vires Acts 651 

Library, Conveyance of Books — Min- 
isterial Duty 651 

License — Regulation of Plumbing 

Business 224 

Tax — Milk Dealers 331 

Licenses — Regulations — Discrimina- 
tion — Constitutional Law 43S 

Licensing of Stationary Engineers.. 195 
Lien of Material Men — Leased Ma- 
chinery 24 

Liens — Contracts 143 

— Public Improvements 507 

Lighting Districts — Special Assess- 
ments 195 

Liquors — Interstate Commerce — Oc- 
cupation Tax 742 

Milk Dealers — License Tax 331 

Ordinance — Police Power 24 

Neglect to Repair Mains — Water 

Works 804 

Negligence, Contributory — Defective 

Streets — Injuries 507 

.Contributory — Injury to Em- 
ployee 56 

— Obstructions in Streets 742 

Newspapers, Designation of Official. 712 

Notice — Defect in Flume 83S 

Nuisance — Dumping Garbage 742 

— Railroads — Ordinance 677 

— Regulation of a Plant 776 

Nuisances — Hitching Racks 224 

—Liability 112 

Obstruction of Street — Injury to Pe- 
destrian—Liability 393 

Obstructions, Street — Contractors' 

Materials 24 

.Streets — Damages 24 

In Streets — Duty to Warn Pub- 
lic 507 

.Temporary — Defective Side- 
walks 252 

to Work — Sewer Contract .... 479 

Officers, Appointment of 601 

Powers 838 

.Secret Dealings — Liability .... 331 

— Trial on Charges 677 

.Unauthorized Acts of — Property 

I leeded to City 331 

Omnibus, Automobile — Regulation.. 871 

Opera House, City 252 

Ordinance Resolution — Sidewalk 

Construction 601 

— Violation — Nature of Action — 

Animals at Large 362 

Ordinances — Invalidity — Criminal 

Offense 331 

— Repeal by Charter 540 

— Validity — Weights and Meas- 
ures 82 

Park — Sewer — Discretion of Authori- 
ties 712 

Parks — Maintenance — Safety 479 

Patented Materials — Competitive 

Bidding 571 

Material, Use of — Pavements... 478 
Pavement, Condemned — Right of Re- 
moval 143 

Guarantee — Repairs 24 

Paving Material, Determination of. . 478 
in Railroad Tracks — Apportion- 
ment of Cost 712 

— Resurfacing — Statutes 871 

.Street — Assessment for Cost of 
Water, Gas and Sewer Connec- 
tions — Charter Provisions . . . 393 
Plan, Variance from — Curb and Gut- 
ter 776 

Plumbing Business, Regulation of — 

License 224 

Police Dismissal from Office — Lia- 
bility — Sufficiency of Evidence — 
Compensation during Suspension 394 
Power — Location of Garage.... 252 

Power — Milk Ordinance 24 

Pollution of Stream — Prescriptive 

Right 143 

Powers. Legislative — Delegation — ■ 

Constitutional Law 394 

Privileges or Immunities — Regula- 
tion of Business — Reasonableness 438 
Property Deeded to City — Unauthor- 
ized Acts of Officers 331 

Purchase of Water and Light Plant 601 

Quarantine Expenses — Statutes 677 

Railroad Right of Way — Change of 

Grade 330 

Tracks. Paving in — Apportion- 
ment oi I losl 712 

Etalln »a 3s — < >rd Ins no N uisaiv ... 677 

— Smoke — Ordinances 33:i 

.Street — Expiration of Franchise 24 

.Street — Repair of Streets 331 

.Street — Ri«ht to Construct — 

Statutory Provisions 394 

Rates to Consumers — Supply of I 

— Hearing 74i 

.Payment of — Regulations of 

Water Company 143 

.Power of City to Fix — Repairs 
of Service Pipes — Water Com- 
pany 362 

.Water — Municipal and Privately 

Owned Plants 651 

Referendum — Delegation of Powers. 677 
Regrading Street — Injuries to Abut- 
ting Property 143 

Regulation of Business — Reasonable- 
ness — Privileges or Immunities.. 43S 
Rentals — Rapid Transit Subways.... 112 
Rioters — Injury by — Business Houses 776 

River Banks — Public Use 195 

.Regulating Flow of 478 

Road Funds — County and City 804 

Salary per Tear — Term of Employ- 
ment 540 

Sand and Gravel Defined 224 

School Tax — Taxation — Exemptions. 112 
Segregation of White and Colored 

Races 742 

Service Pipes. Repairs of — Water 
Company — Power of City to Fix 

Rates 362 

Sewage Disposal Plant — Damages... 82 
Sewer Assessment District — Omitted 

Property 82 

Connection, Ordinances Requir- 
ing 742 

Construction — Extra Work .... 571 
Construction — Liability for In- 
juries 479 

Construction — Negligence of 

Contractor 712 

Contract — Extra Work 112 

— Diversion of Surface Water.. 478 

Sewers — Liability — Accident 195 

— Ordinance — Competitive Bid- 
ding 362 

— Overflow — Delay in Remedying 

Defect 540 

— "Public System" 82 

— Surface Water — Drainage 677 

Sidewalk Assessments — Power to 

Levy 82 

Construction — Ordinance Resolu- 
tion 601 

,Icy — Injuries 601 

Sidewalks — Care of — Jury Trial 330 

— Condition 82 

— Conveyance 677 

— Ice and Snow 776 

.Icy — Jury Question 56 

— Reconstruction — Width 871 

.Repaying — Powers 677 

Slot Machines — Ordinances — Validity 82 
Smoke, Gas and Noise — Injunction.. 776 

— Ordinances — Railroads 330 

Stables, Ordinance Regulating Liv- 
ery 24 

— Reasonableness — Health Regu- 
lations 478 

Street by Abutting Owner, Tempo- 
rary Use of 330 

.Dedication of — Acceptance — Use 112 

• Existence of — Pleading 195 

Improvements — Adjoining Prop- 
erty — Damages 651 

Improvements — Intersections 

with Alleys 143 

Improvements — Necessity 677 

Improvements — Proceedings . . . 252 
Improvement Proceedings — Val- 
idity 651 

Improvements — Statutes 330 

Opening — Adjacent Land 571 

Opening — Benefits 712 

Streets — Abandonment 804 

.Control of — Structures above 

Surface 804 

.County and City — Change of 

Grade 776 

.Crossing — Change in Grade — 

Right to Compensation 362 

— Implication — Wharf Property 

— Dedication 438 

— Liability for Injuries — Care 

Required 56 

— Location — Grade 82 

.Obstructions in — Duty to Warn 

Public 507 

.Obstructions in — Negligence . . . 742 
.Repair of — Street Railroads . . . 331 

— Right to Open — Extent 478 

.Vacation of — Power 143 

Sub-Contracts — Defective Building — 

Nuisance 479 

Suburban Property Defined, Urban 

and 479 

Subways. Rapid Transit — Rentals.. 112 
Sunday Closing Ordinance — Statutes 331 
Suspension of Work — Allowance for 
Costs — Bridge Contract 838 

Taj Li' n— CI >... 148 


Commerce i,i 

Taxation itute . • • » as 

—Collection- Implied Powj 

Hscharge ncial 

iea— Time *** 

Coi p -:.. 

s New Industry. ..74/ 

— E I 

—Perry Termtna ter 

as B ?™ 

— Ex, IX 'if 

— Ownership of Streets *•>£ 

City— Cloud on Title »* 

<, — injunction. . • i« 

Validity ,■•.■•; 14 

: lows- Municipal 

Regulations • • i *'* 

cial Bond 540 

.Village— LiabllltJ on Bond 330 

Tri es, Sh d Abutting 

Owners i sis 

38 by City— Possession of 
Streets " u 

Urban and Suburban Property De- 
fined *' v 

Wages Rate of — Local Improvements 330 
Walks, Plank — Presumptions — Inju- 

Warranto City— \;ti-? :£ InvUsSlts ;■ 


Warranty, Breach of — Fin Hose ... 82 
Water Company — Power of City to 
Fix Rates— Repairs of Service 

Pipes ■■■•••• ib * 

Company. Regulations of — Pay- 

ment of Rates ■ ■ • 143 

Company, Taking Property of — 

Process of Law ■ ■ • J31 

and Fire Purposes. Contract for 2o2 
Mains. Maintenance of— Liability 804 
Pipe Broken — Notice -of Claim., bol 
Pipe Line — Change -in Plans — 

Extra Work »0» 

Plant. Purchase of »*>4 

Rates — Municipal and Privately 

Owned Plants • bol 

Supply. Contract for — Term of 

Supplv. PubiiC — Special Assess- 

ment ■ ■ .•■■;;•-■ s71 

Waters. Obstruction in Navigable — ■ 

City's Liability ■ ■'• 

Water Works Construction — Author- 

ity of Engineer \v ■ ' ' 11, 

Works— Neglect to Repair Mains 804 
Waterworks — Mismanagement of 

Funds ■ -°- 

W.iuhts and Measures — Ordinances 

—Validity ■ ■ • ■ • .- *| 

Wires. Electric Lighting — Negligence . 1 1> 


Bingham. C. A. — "Disposal Plant 

Costs" 700 

Bostwick, A. L. — "Excess Condemna- 

tion" 4b4 

"A Municipal Electric Rail- 

way" " 2o 

la tion of Offensive 
Trades" 380 

Carpenter. George A. — "Catch Basin 

Cleaning" 617 

Childs. William Talbott — "Municipal 

Purchasing and Storekeeping" 591 
Craln, G. D. — "Ornamental Street 

Lighting in Louisville" 166 

"Quarrying with City Prison- 


"Wood Block Paving in Louis- 
ville" 42* 

Crutcher. Harry M. — "St. Louis Mu- 
nicipal Open Air Swimming 


Cuddeback. A. W. — "Care and Main- 

. of Meters" 523 


E. M.— "City Bacteriolog- 
Department." "' 

Edwards, William H.— "Day or Night 

Collection of Wastes' 62.S 

Pickett. George L.— "Fire Alarm Sys- 

......... 5&S 

Folwell, A. Prescott— "Control of 

Sidewalks" ••■■.• •• 6b,> 

Ford. Frederick L— "Street Paving 

in New Haven" ila 

Gruenenthal, A. F.— "Mixing Plants 

for Bituminous Concrete .... 41 

Harris. Harry F. — "Solving the In- 

spector Problem" .;•••■ " s 

Hess John R.— "New Providi u 

nience Station ili 

Hottel, Howard C— "Norfolk Muni- 

cipal Repair Plant" ..... -*- 

Hoxie. F. H.— "Locating Water Main 

Leaks" 3 " 

Johnson, George A.— "Shellfish and 

Sewage Disposal' o4° 

Kimball. J. H.— "Effect of Sewer. 

Upon Health" 211 

McLain. John T.— "Wrapping Gar- 

bage in Trenton" »l» 

McNeal, John — "A Steel Pile Retain- 

ing Wall" 9| 

Marple. Albert — "Combined Marker 

and Street Light" ■ ■ a?6 

— "Lone," Illuminated Boulevari 

osier. Claude A.— "Seattle's Fire De- 

partment" ' s < 

"Seattle's Municipal Bathing 
Beach" 345 

Patterson, William E. — "Fire Boats 

of American Cities" 263 

"The Water Tower" 466 

Paxton. J. W. — "Records of Street 

Cleaning in Washington . . . 613 

Potter. Alexander — "Springfield's 

Sewage Disposal riant" ...553. 589 

Puffer William L. — "Electrolysis Not 

Guilty "27 

Rinkliff. George L. — "Springfield's 

New Government" 3i9 

Rodgers. Harry J. — "Marshalltown's 

Municipal Water Works 23< 

Rogers. Frank F. — "Concrete Roads" , bO 

Ross, J. D. — "Seattle's Municipal 

Light and Power Plant" 163 

Saville. C. M. — "Cleaning Water 

Mains at Hartford" 853 

Sherer. H. H. — "Garbage Collection 

and Paper Baling" 622 

Siddons, Joseph S. V. — "Philadel- 
phila's Torresdale Filter Plant" 


Stevens, Col. Edmund A. — "Treat- 
ment of Raveled Macadam"... 529 

Vennard. W. L. — "The Steam Turbine 

Pump" 665 

Warren, George C. — "Embankment 

in Road Construction" 587 

Wells. William Firth — "Use of Alum 

by Washington Water Works" 130 

West. Francis D. — "Philadelphia's 

Torresdale Filter Plant" 459 

York. Walter H. — "New Bedford's 

Auto Apparatus" 346 

Municipal Appliances 

Apparatus, Motor Fire 302 

Asbestos S75 

Asphalt Company's Booklet. Barber 401 
Mixer 575 

Bitumastic Enamel 401 

Bituminous Mixing Plant. Semi-Port- 
able 255 

Cars for Traction Trams, Small 442 

.Trolley Dump • ">/*„ 

Clutch, The New Pierce- Arrow..... 402 
Conduit. A Molded Concrete— Stone 

Duct iii 

Culvert Mold, Cement 684 

Curb Bar, Trus-Con * ul 

Drill. An Engine Feed Rock Ho 

.Rice Gasoline Rock =>44 

Electric Plants. Prime Movers for... 197 
Electrolier, Corinthian Street ..... 60 
Engines and Pumps, "Domestic . . 401 
Expansion Joints in Concrete Pave- 
ments. Trus-Con Armor Plates 
Used to Protect ,• • • 336 

Faucet Washerless 482 

Fire Apparatus. Motor 3UZ 

Equipment, Kelly 11 = 

Forms. Bridge and Culvert ■! = 

Gasoline Separator. Hydraulic...... o| 

Storage. Hydraulic System of... 28 

Hole Filler. Chuck . 442 

Hose and Chemical Apparatus, Kel- 

ley Motor Combination 28 

HvdVochronograph. The llj> 

Hy-Rib. Seven-Rib 3bb 

Ice Making and Refrigerating Ma- 
chinery, Exhaust Steam 14a 

Joint, Reinforced 809 

Lamp. Type W. Flame— Ace. 874 

Lamps, Cut-Out Hanger for Arc... 202 

Light Standard with Street Sign... 58 

Loading Machine, A Portable 7(9 

Lungmotor. The 4SS 

Met.r Box 6? 4 

,An Improved Flow 2ob 

Kevstone Portable Test 482 

Mixer. Barrett Road and Pavement.. 88 

Mixers. Northwestern 603 

Motor Combination Chemical 576 

Fire Apparatus 302 

Paper Burner. Portable 842 

Pipe Covering, J-M Asbestos-Sponge 

Felted 443 

Cutter. The Strickler Ratchet... 230 

Joint Compound. Dixon's Graphite 443 

.Reinforced Concrete 29 • 

Piston Head 876 

Plow. Wheeler Sidewalk 810 

Prime Movers for Electric Plants ... 19 1 

Pump. New Rotary Power 229 

.Nye 842 

Pumper. Eureka 810 

Recorder, Stevens 874 

Road Maker, Universal 683 

Roller, Tandem Motor Road 779 

Scarifier. The Hvass 442 

Scrapers. Some K. & J. Road 88 

Sewerage Appliances 256 

Sidewalk Plow. Wheeler 810 

Street Cleaner. Motor 809 

Thawing Frozen Fire Hydrants. De- 
fer 59 

Tire, Cushion '4b 

Tires. Lee Non-Skid and Puncture- 
Proof Pneumatic 443 

Tractor, A Commercial Motor 366 

,New Gasoline Driven 716 

.Strait's 54o 

Trailer. Bottom Dumping o45 

Chassis. Troy 843 

Truck Chasses, Pierce-Arrow Two- 
ton §36 

.Emergency 575 

.KisselKar Hose and Chemical.. 513 

.3-Ton - 655. 842 

Trucks, Motor 655 

Unloader. Eclipse 544 

Wagons for Contractors. Sternberg 
Power 59 

Water Departments. Portable Power 
Plant for Outside Work of 203 

Municipal Journal 

Volume XXXV. 

NEW YORK, JULY 3, 1913 



Quarry at Workhouse Used for Supplying Broken Stone for Road and Concrete Work. — Hand Breaking of Stone 
by Inexpensive Labor Supplemented by Rock Crusher. — Work Beneficial to Prisoners. 

D. CHAIN, Jr. 

The profitable and satisfactory employment of city pris- 
oners is a problem with the average municipality, inas- 
much as the conflict with free labor which results from 
almost any use which can be made of them brings up 
questions of exceeding delicacy. It is usually not deemed 
advisable to use them in street cleaning, for one reason 
or another, the best, perhaps, being that in cities of any 
size there are not only not enough convicts to perform 
the work, but their exhibition on the streets under the 
restraint and guard necessary is not a pleasing sight to 
the public. 

The city of Louisville. Ky., has not only solved this 
problem very satisfactorily for a number of years by the 
use of its convicts in a quarry owned by the municipality 
and attached to the workhouse, but has at the same time 
made it possible for the work of repairing and maintain- 
ing the streets to be done at a much lower cost than 
would otherwise have been possible. This, too, is always 

a burning question; and by making unexceptionable use 
of the violators of the city ordinances in the accomplish- 
ment of a substantial economy in street repairs, the mu- 
nicipality referred to has killed two very desirable birds 
with one stone. 

The workhouse, where for many years the city's pris- 
oners have been housed, is located on the outskirts of the 
city, the buildings being handsome and dignified struc- 
tures of brick and stone. There are always upwards of 
150 male prisoners available for work, so that a high 
value in labor is represented, and is, of course, entirely at 
the disposal of the city during the terms of confinement 
of the various prisoners. This varies from a few days- 
for the "drunk and disorderly" who is unable to pay his 
fine to as much as two years, which can be given a con- 
vict on two counts, with a maximum sentence of a year 
for each. 

The quarry, in which most of the men are employed, 


Vol. XXXV, No. 1 



is directly behind the workhouse buildings and grounds. 
The tract in which it is embraced contains in all about 
ten acres, but at present only about six acres of stone 
are exposed. The stratum of stone measures twenty-five 
to thirty feet in thickness, and has been removed from 
something over half of the exposed area, leaving a large 
quantity of material yet exposed for removal, which will 
last for about six years at the present rate of consump- 
tion. The quarry has been operated by the city prisoners 
for something like forty years, and the tract in which it 
lies has been owned by the city for a much longer time. 
During all of this period the inmates of the workhouse 
have been taking out stone and reducing it to small sizes 
for use on the streets of the city. 

The stone is a good grade of limestone, which is en- 
tirely suitable for the purpose for which it is employed, 
being hard and not mingled with impurities of any sort. 
Out of the same quarry comes all of the city's dimension 
stone, used for curbing, corners, etc., which requires 
working into shape on the ground, and it has been used 
for street curbs for many years. As special skill is re- 
quired for handling this part of the work, the convicts 
are not available, and outside labor is employed. Prison 
labor is used, however, in drilling and removing the 
stone in slabs of the proper size for working by the ma- 
sons employed. 

About 125 men is a fair average of the number avail- 
able for use in the quarry. Probably a greater number 
of these are employed in breaking the stone into small 
sizes than in any other way — thirty to fifty, according to 
the total number on hand. The others strip the earth 
from the stone stratum, remove the stone, and handle it 
in various ways. 

For example, with about 125 at work, 30 were em- 
ployed in breaking rock by hand. 14 in drilling. 9 in sledg- 
ing (breaking the larger pieces of stone into workable 
chunks), five in the crusher used in connection with the 
quarry, and two in the engine-room: with various others 
in the loading of the small cars which carry the stone 
from the point where it is taken out to the derrick, 
still others in operating the derrick, and others in load- 
ing the carts by which the stone is hauled to the crusher. 

During all of the long period indicated, until last 
spring, all of the stone taken out was reduced to small 
sizes by hand, in the time-honored methods used gener- 
;il]\ before mechanical crushers came into the field: the 
object of the operation of the quarry being principally 
tin useful employment of the convicts. They are still 
used in this manner, the crusher serving merely to sup- 
plement tlu-ir efforts when nei i 

To leave expensive machinerj idle for the purpose of 
permitting its work to be done by hand sounds rather 
startling, but a part of this state of affairs is explained 
by the Fact that the crusher used is larger than would 
have been purchased for the use of this particular 
quarry. It is a No. 5 Simons crusher, with a capacity 

of about 20 tons an hour. It was originally purchased 
by the city for use in connection with a much larger 
quarry located at some distance from the city, from 
which it was thought that it would prove economical for 
the municipality to procure all of its crushed stone. 
Freight rates proved 'so high, however, that with the 
cost of operation figured in, the stone produced from this 
quarry cost the city more than it could be purchased for 
from outside parties, 65 to 80 cents f. o. b. Louisville be- 
ing the range of prices. The quarry was, therefore, 
abandoned, for the time being, at least, and the crusher 
used in connection with it was brought into the old 
workhouse quarry, where, as stated, it is used to sup- 
plement the hand work of the convicts whenever the 
requirements of the . city engineering department in 
the reconstruction or repair of streets become greater 
than the round-headed hammers can keep up with. The 
crusher is provided with a bucket conveyor which carries 
the crushed stone to a revolving screen, which separ- 
ates it into three sizes and deposits it in hoppers, whence 
it is unloaded as required into wagons which drive in 

The crusher is idle a great part of the time, however, 
as the force of men engaged in breaking up the rock 
turn out a very respectable quantity. They work in a 
long row, on top of the pile of broken rock, with a par- 
allel pile of larger stone in front of them, this being 
passed up as required by a smaller force of sledgers, 
who break up the pieces brought up from the quarry. A 
total of 125 to 200 yards of crushed rock a day is the pro- 
duction of the quarry. No figures are available as to the 
amount of this work which is now done by hand. 

At the head of the quarry force is the foreman, Sol 
Wolf, who has held that position for 23 years. Under 
him, besides the hundred odd convicts, about two-thirds 
of whom are negroes, are seven guards, armed with 
sawed-off repeating shot-guns, a blacksmith, and an en- 
gineer. The quarry is open on two sides, the other two 
being shut off by the excavation. Thus the men are ap- 
parently free, save that some of the old offenders are 
ironed to prevent the breaks for liberty which have occa- 
sionally been successful in the past. The guards are in- 
structed not to attempt to injure an escaping prisoner 
seriously, in view of the petty nature of the offenses for 
which they are confined; for the same reason, however, 
attempts at escape are not frequent, and are. besides, us- 
ually unsuccessful. 

The crusher and the derrick necessary for lifting the 
rock from the hole are operated by a 50 h. p. Chandler 
& Taylor engine. Besides this, the equipment used con- 
sists of the usual hand tools, such as drills, sledges, and 
the like; also four head of stock, one of which draws a 
wagon used in stripping the earth, and the other three in 
hauling broken stone to the crusher and to the pile 
which supplies the men engaged in breaking it with ham- 


July Z, 1913. 


mers. Three one-yard cars are used in the quarry to run 
the stone to the derrick, by means of which it is hoisted 
and dumped, then reloaded by hand into the carts. 

The hauling is done by teams hired by the city; and 
while there is an item of cost of the rock represented by 
the investment in the quarry — which is unknown — in the 
machinery and other equipment used, and in the operat- 
ing expenses, such as fuel and wages to the foreman, 
guards and others employed, this does not amount to 
much when spread over the yardage produced, thus mak- 
ing the haulage the principal item. This varies with the 
distance; but on the whole the city undoubtedly gets its 
rock for less than it could in any other manner; and 
while its total requirements cannot be filled from the 
workhouse quarry, on account of the long haul which 
would be necessary to some parts of the city, a substan- 
tial economy is effected, everything considered, by the 
employment of the convicts in the manner indicated. 
This alone is well worth considering, of course; but there 
is another consideration as well. 

"We get a good many men," said a member of the 
board which looks after this part of the city's activities, 
"who are so whisky-soaked and generally 'all in' that 
they are not of much account for at least a week. By 
that time the outdoor work, plain, solid food, and en- 
forced healthy hours have helped them a good deal, and 
during the remaining few days of their confinement they 
are all right. As a result, they come out in fine shape." 

Thus the manner of employment operates as a distinct 
benefit to the convicts, as well as to the city. They 
are isolated and are yet in the open, and are practically 
as free as any other workmen, while not exposed to the 
curious gaze of the public. The outdoor plan of work- 
ing convicts has been tried in several states with pro- 
nounced success; and it works well in Louisville also, as 
it should everywhere where it can be tried under proper 


Work Done in Manhattan and Bronx Boroughs, New 

York, to Avert Water Famine. — Methods 

Employed and Results Obtained. 

Abstract of paper before American Water Works Asso. i 

by I. M. DE YAROXA, Chief Engineer, Department of Wa- 
ter Supply, Gas and Electricity. 

In order to avert the threatening danger of a serious 
shortage of supply for Manhattan and The Bronx, New 
York City, in 1912, and, later, to avoid if possible the 
large expense attending the development of additional 
sources of supply for Brooklyn, which would otherwise 
have been required to adequately provide for the con- 
sumption in that borough until the Catskill water was 
available, the Department of Water Supply, Gas & Elec- 
tricity instituted a vigorous campaign to reduce waste. 
The intended purpose was fully and most satisfactorily 
accomplished in both cases. The crisis of 1912 in Man- 
hattan and The Bronx was tided over, and Brooklyn may 
now safely await the introduction of the Catskill sup- 
ply without further developing its watershed. 

The estimated daily reduction in consumption in Man- 
hattan and The Bronx reached a maximum of 71 mill- 
ion gallons in August, 1911, averaged 65 million gallons 
for the last 6 months of 1911 and almost 50 million gal- 
lons for the year 1912, while the total reduction since the 
beginning of the work in the fall of 1910 to April 1, 
1913, aggregated over 39,700 million gallons. In Brook- 
lyn the maximum reduction of 34 million gallons daily 
was effected in February, 1913, and the average daily 
reduction from August, 1912 (the commencement of the 
house to house inspection) to April 1, 1913, amounted 
to 25 million gallons, while the total saving since the 
beginning of the pitometer work in July, 1910. to April 
1, 1913, aggregated over 9,000 million gallons. This re- 
duction in consumption in the Borough of Brooklyn 


1902 1903 1904 1905 1906 1907 1908 1909 1910 1911 191? 1913 

Estimated consumption for 1911, 1912 and 1913 based on average consumption for 1910, assuming 3% increase annually due 
to increase in population. Hatched portion indicates saving due to water waste work. 


Vol. XXXV, No. 1. 

was such that the average daily consumption for the 

month of January. 1913, would give a per capita con- 
sumption of onlj 73 gallons, which is the lowest per cap- 
ita consumption for any January since 1894, or for the 

last 19 J ears. 

The aggregate value of the water thus saved, if fig- 
ured at meter rate- ($133 per million gallons*) would be 
nearly $6,500,000 and the tot; the work done to 

i tin- saving was i ■ , which would be re- 

duced to $131,000 if the amount for fines imposed (i. e., 
$36,000) were deducted. 

Owing to the unprecented magnitude and importance 

of these results, a statement of the method- employed to 
secure them, may be of interest. 

The per capita consumption for New York City for 
1910 (111 gallons l was lower than that of the next 5 
largest cities in the United States, i. e., Chicago. Phila- 
delphia. St. Louis, Boston and Cleveland, for the year 
1912: and this in spite of the fact that in Xew York, a 
Moating population of many thousands, not included in 
the census, is housed, and that there are an equally large 
number who live outside of the limits of New York City. 
hut who work in the city, also left out of the census. If 
this transient population were considered, the per capita 
consumption in Xew York would be materially reduced. 
Compared with other American cities. Xew York, there- 
fore, is economical in the use of water, even if we include 
our waste. 

The city is divided into 5 Boroughs — Manhattan, The 
Bronx. Brooklyn. Queens and Richmond. The work for 
the reduction of waste was done in Manhattan and The 
Bronx and Brooklyn. 

The boroughs of Manhattan and The Bronx are sup- 
plied from the Croton, Bronx and Byram Rivers. In 
1910 the average daily consumption was 331 million gal- 
lons, or 120 gallons per capita based on the population 
given in the 1910 census. On this basis, assuming an in- 
crease of 3 per cent annually due to increase in popula- 
tion, the average daily consumption would be about 341 
million gallons in 1911. and about 352 million gallons in 
1912. But from the total available storage capacity of 
the three watersheds, it is estimated that ony 3i23 m. g. 
d. could be drawn and leave a reasonably safe amount 
in storage, provided there were no greater period of 
drought than has been experienced since 1868. 

In view of the increase in consumption and the small 
amount in storage due to the continued light rainfall 
following June. 1910. was very evident that some action 
would have to be taken promptly to reduce the average 
daily consumption and to secure an emergency supply 
in case of necessity. Our citizens were informed, 
through the press, of the existing conditions and work 
was started actively for the reduction of waste. 

For the purpose of this report. "Waste" shall be con- 
sidered as the quantity of water drawn in excess of that 
required for the uses already specified, and will be des- 
ignated as "Preventable" when the value of water wasted 
is greater than the cost of the methods required to save 
it. whence it follows that it would be considered non pre- 
ventable when the reverse conditions obtain, so that "it 
will not pay" to save the water, these designations being 
based exclusively on practical and economical consider- 
ations. For "value" must be understood not simply the 
normal money cost or selling price of the water, but also 
the increase or decrese due to the condition of the sup- 
ply at the time. 

Were the use of water strictly confined to the pur- 

- already enumerated most of our large cities would 

probably saw. p< per cent or more from their 

•Tli' : on total expi i by the au- 
thor further on to l»- V nd the receipts for unmetered wa- 
ter, $88 per million gallons — Ed. 

actual consumption. As a general proposition, however, 
the absolute elimination of waste seems unattainable 
within practical limits of cost, and without, in many 
cases, causing much inconvenience to consumers. The 
author has held before that under existing conditions in 
our city, it would not be advisable, in making a safe es- 
timate, to assume a larger permanent saving in consump- 
tion from the work to prevent waste than from 15 to 20 
per cent and the results recently obtained seem to bear 
out these figures. 

The following methods are generally employed for re- 
ducing waste, i.e., 

1. Calling to the attention of consumers the need of 
checking waste, either for economical considerations or 
to prevent a threatened shortage on account of inade- 
quate supply, or for both reasons. 

2. House to house inspection to detect and repair 

3. Examination for leaks outside of the buildings, in 
service pipes as well as distribution mains and appurte- 
nances, to locate and repair underground leaks. 

4. Metering of all connections where the cost and ex- 
isting conditions of the supply warrant this measure. 

The last method (No. 4) cannot, at present, be gen- 
erally applied in our city, nor was it available for the 
work under consideration, for reasons discussed further 
on. Metering being eliminated, we had to confine our- 
selves to the other three methods. 

Public attention was repeatedly called, through the 
press, to the inadequate supply available in those bor- 
oughs in which existing conditions warranted such a 
statement, the requisite data being also given in support 
thereof and the imperative need shown of preventing 
waste in order to avoid a threatened shortage : while the 
following notice, printed in English, Italian and Yiddish, 
was delivered at all premises: 

"To the Owner of the Premises: 

"To stop waste of water, an inspection is to be made of 
these premises, and your attention is called to the ne- 
cessity' of having all fixtures in good order, as the rules 
of the Department provide a penalty of two dollars 
($2.00) for each leaky fixture. The fixtures which are 
ordinarily found out of order are tanks of toilets, fau- 
cets and ball cocks controlling overflow of tanks. 

"You are hereby notified to have all leaky fixtures im- 
mediately repaired. 

"The use of hose, either inside or outside of buildings, 
is prohibited. 

"It is hoped that you will do everything in your power 
to stop all unnecessary use of water, so that we may 
avert as much as possible a situation which would be 
most serious." 

These notices, forwarded about the middle of June, 
1911. in Manhattan and The Bronx, met with instant 
and efficient response from our citizens, so that a large 
reduction in consumption resulted almost immediately. 
The house to house inspection commenced about the 
same time. The weekly consumption during June was 
as follows : 

Consumption (M.G.D.) 
Week ending 1911 1910 

June 3 287 

June 10 290 

June 17 2T9 

June 24 272 320 (Junel 

July 1 264 342 (July) 

It is interesting to note that while only about 14 per 
cent of the total number of premises were inspected dur- 
ing the month of June, such a large reduction in average 
daily consumption was effected. It is evident that the 
latter was principally due to the notices which were de- 
livered to the various premises. 

fuLi 3, 1913. 


The larger portion of waste in the city of New York 
is due to defective fixtures within the buildings, and 
especially to the water lost from roof and toilet tanks, 
and leaks from the latter are also the most difficult to 
detect, as the escape of water is not always apparent to 
the eye. although the noise made is sufficient, as a rule, 
to enable the occupant of the premises to detect the leak. 

Xext to leakage of tanks is that from faucets, due 
either to their being carelessly left open or to need of 
repairs usually resulting from wearing out of washers. 

The Board of Estimate and Apportionment having ap- 
proved the issue of $100,000 revenue bonds to pay for a 
house to house inspection, a force of about ISO special 
inspectors was appointed for this work, and during the 
month of June the house to house inspection was started. 

These new inspectors were divided in squads of 15 or 
20, each of which was in charge of 2 of the regular in- 
spectors, and the districts laid out by the Engineering 
Bureau were taken, block by block, every house being 

It was found that each inspector could examine 10 
buildings per day. and the work was so arranged that 
the men in a squad would finish their assignments simul- 
taneously and be ready. to shift to another location at 
the same time. In Manhattan, from June 12 to Septem- 
ber 30, 66,223 buildings were examined and wastes were 
found in 44.055 or about 70 per cent, in which there 
were 191,483 wasting fixtures. Second and third exam- 
inations of these 44,000 and odd buildings required 59,- 
240 visits, so that, all told, there were 125.463 buildings 
examined in i'/ 2 months in this borough. 


< nst of \\ 

ater Wute Work 

in tin 

linn with 

House to 


■apeetlon in Munb 

1 1 1 ii ii l 


The llroiix 

. from 

June 1<> Dei 



! nspectors, 



l mposed 


etc., in Con- 

fur Failur 

i Cost 

ned Ion with 


to Ri pali 



House tn House 




i imii. 































1 -•'■• 


$22,950 $29,184 $51,916 

The amount of saving secured by special plumbing 
inspection was determined by pitometer gaugings of the 
total consumption before and after inspection. The en- 
tire area of Manhattan was divided into 21 sections or 
districts so selected that they could be isolated from 
the rest of the system and supplied through a few trunk 
mains, without seriously disturbing the pressure. The 
consumption was gauged by pitometer set on these sup- 
ply mains. The saving shown by these gaugings, ex- 

Bavins of Water Secured by Home to House Inspection in 

'mption Consumption 

Before After 

Districts. Inspection, Inspection, 

Gallons. Gallons. 

S.2S4.O00 6,600, 

11,444,000 10.613.Oim 

14.823.000 12,710, 

12.737.000 11. 400. imiii 

10,301,000 8,680, 

8 14,685, ) 1,057, 

13,378,000 10,894,000 

12 13.660,000 12,460, 

5,655,000 4,664,000 

I 14 22.1S1.000 21,690, 

2H.4S2.000 23,559, 

7,360, 6,234, I 

' 10,790, 9,944, 

174.780.000 1 

Saving 31,2; • 




2,] i :. 







19 i , 



i3. 505, 000 21,275,000 


Cost uf Pitometer Gaugings (22,95 

Cost of Inspector. Clerks, etc 58,150.00 

eluding office buildings or highly metered sections, 
amount to 12 per cent of the total consumption. 

The water fronts of Manhattan and Brooklyn have 
been practically covered by pitometer waste detection 
work. A narrow district including usually 8 or 10 blocks 
of water front were isolated from the rest of the sys- 
tem and supplied by one main through which the actual 
total consumption and waste was gauged by pitometer 
for about 48 hours. The metered water was accounted 
for by special meter readings taken at the beginning 
and end of the test. Unmetered water, for shipping ant' 
boat use, was accounted for as accurately as possibl 
by men stationed to keep record of the boats drawing, 
the size of the tanks, etc. Domestic consumption was 
estimated on a per capita or floor area basis. These 
items of accounted for consumption are totaled and 
compared with the pitometer gaugings of the total flow 
into the district. If the discrepancy or unaccounted 
for water was large enough to indicate waste, a subdi- 
vision of the district was made to locate the leakage. 

The saving in this work has amounted to 1,400,000 
gallons a day in Brooklyn, 4,400,000 in Manhattan ex- 
clusive of 5.700,000 gallons a day in river crossing leaks. 

Manhattan — Number of Men lEniployed, Premises Examined 
and Leaky Fixtures Found llurine. House to House In- 
spection. June to December. 1!>1 1. 


in,-. 114 77 

21 21 

35 18 

June. July. Aug. Sept. Oct. Nov. De 

No. of inspectors, 
aver, per day.. 

X". of clerks for 
office work, av- 
erage per day. 

No. of premises 

inspected ....12,834 18.644 23.S93 lo.s52 4. ion 1.621 418 
Total No. iof premises inspected 72,371 

NO. Of leaks 

found 43.370 56.107 4S.419 33.1011 7.058 3,413 1,768 

Total No. of leaks found 197,235 

lii cent premises 
bavlng leaky 
fixtures 75 60 60 70 48 4 7 50 

No. of premises 

re-examined. .. 2,716 21,405 17.753 17.366 8,803 5,215 2.23.: 
Total Xo. of premises re examined 75,491 

No. "f nnes im- 
posed for fail- 


fixtures 303 1.4H6 2.17.". 2. .Mil 1,823 299 245 

Total Xo. of tines imposed for failure to re- 
pair fixtures 11,855 

Amount of files 

in s.-d $606 88,992 $4,358 $5,"2o $3,646 $598 $49u 

Total amount of tines imposed $23,710 

T illl.E NO. 4. 
Brooklyn — Number of Men Employed, Premises Examined and 
l.inki Fixtures Found During; House to House Inspec- 
tion. July to December, 1912. 


Aug. Sept. Oct. Nov. Dec. 
N,o. of inspectors, average per 

day 35 35 35 35 35 

No. of clerks Cor office work, 

average per day 9 8 S 7 7 

No. .1 premises inspected.... S.764 12,289 15,064 13,225 11,783 

Total No. of premises inspected 61,125 

NO, nl leaks found 9,333 16,650 21.S61 14,512 17.134 

Total Xo. of leaks found 79.490 

No. ..I" premises re-examined. 1,022 6,483 5.7ss 7,762 8,253 

Total Xo. of premises re-examined 29,308 

Nos. of tines imposed for failure 

to repair fixtures is 7S1 383 585 442 

Total XVj. of fines imposed for failure to re- 
pair fixtures 2.209 

Amount Of fines imposed $36 $1,562 $766 $1,170 $SS4 

Total amount of tines imposed $4,418 

Total est of work to December 31, 1912, $18,438.79. 

During the latter part of the Manhattan work, only the 
large discrepancies were followed up, owing to the plen- 
tiful supply and the then low value of the low service 

General waste detection work is now being carried on 
in the higher services as conditions require. The w-ork 
includes gauging of consumption in small isolated dis- 
tricts within the larger area being investigated, and sub- 


Vol. XXXV, No. 1 

sequent night sub-divisions of those districts in which a 
comparison of the minimum night rate with the 24-hour 
consumption indicated continuous flow or waste. These 
districts are generally taken of such size as to be sup- 
plied through a 12-inch main without materially reduc- 
ing pressures. In a district of this size, leakage of im- 
portance is usually noticeable in the night rate. On this 
work the consumption is largely unmetered and the ad- 
isabilitj of subdividing a district is determined prin- 
cipally by the rat in of night rates to the average 24-hour 
umption and bj a consideration of the total supply 
in connection with the nature of the district. .Meter 
readings or determination of special uses are rarely re- 

I he engineers' bureau determined the amount of water 
consumed before and after house to house inspection, 
and for this purpose 18 districts were laid out in the bor- 
ough of .Manhattan. The flow into these districts was 
determined by pitometer measurements, and a record of 
the reduction in leakage resulting from the inspection 
was thus obtained; the results are given in Table Xo. 1. 
The house to house inspection was continued with full 
force until September, when the reduction in consump- 
tion, together with the increased rainfall, made it un- 
necessary to prosecute the work as vigorously as in the 
early part of the summer. At least two inspections were 
made in each building where leaks were found, and as 
these were shown in nearly all buildings examined, the 
number of inspections was practically double the num- 
ber of buildings given in Table Xo. 2. 

The results of the work done are shown by the follow- 
ing table of consumption, in which the reduction has been 
approximately apportioned between the work done in 
stopping leaks in mains, and the work done in stopping 
leaks and waste in buildings: 


Assuming , Estimated Reduction , 

Increase in Consumption. 

ot:i', -By 

Equivalent Stopping By Reducing 

Consumption in Man to Rate ot Under- Leakage and 

hattan and Bronx Increase in ground Waste in 

(M.G.D.) Population. Leaks. 1 Buildings. 

Month. 1910. 1911. 1911. Total. 

January.. 33.". 334 345 4 7 11 

February. 336 331 346 4 11 15 

March. ... 327 327 -337 6 4 10 

April 326 320 336 6 10 16 

.May 326 310 336 8 18 26 

June 329 286 339 9 44 53 

July 342 287 352 9 56 65 

1st. . . 336 27.", 346 9 62 71 

September 335 277 345 111 58 6S 

332 27S 342 11 53 64 

November. 321 271 331 11 49 60 

liber. 333 283 343 11 49 60 

■The column headed "By stopping underground leaks" re- 
fers to leaks discovered by the pitometer and does not In- 
clude a large number of leaks, some of considerable amount. 
Which were located and repaired by the regular maintenance 
The amount of these leaks would reduce by an equal 
amount the quantities reported under the heading "Leakage 
and waste in buildings." 

The experience from the water waste work in the Bor- 
ough- of -Manhattan and The Bronx during 1911 indi- 
cated that for each inspector employed on water waste 
work a saving amounting to slightly less than one-half 
million gallons daily was obtained. 

\\ ith the storage now available, there was no need or 
economy in continuing the work for waste prevention, 
and it is improbable that it may be advisable to resume 
it before the Catskill water is introduced. A sufficient 
force should, however, be retained for house to house in- 
spection, so that all buildings may be inspected at inter- 
vals say not greater than two years, thus preventing a 
return to the conditions that existed before the special 
work was undertaken. A gradual increase in consump- 
tion is probable, due to the increased use of water when 

no danger of shortage in the supply is apprehended, and 
it is not reasonable, therefore, to expect that the full re- 
duction made in 1911 will continue in subsequent years, 
although the records for 1912 and 1913 to date show a 
large reduction in the consumption as compared with 
the estimated consumption based on 1910. (See Dia- 
gram 1.) Owing to lack of interest on the part of own- 
ers of property and their tenants, many of the leaks in 
fixtures that are repaired as a result of the house to 
house inspection, reappear within a few months after 
such inspection. 

Due attention was given to the measurement of flow- 
in pipes and mains outside of buildings, to locate and 
stop leaks. As investigations made in 1910 had shown 
some large leaks, especially in mains laid under the East 
River, and as there was great likelihood of leaks along 
the river that discharged into it and, therefore, did not 
show on the surface, careful measurements were made 
of the flow of water in various parts of the city to locate 
these underground leaks, particular attention being 
given to the river front, and a special division for this 
class of work was formed, to which were assigned men 
who had experience in similar work in this and other 
cities. Broken mains were also found where the loss 
of water was very great. In one instance, where the 
broken main lay at the bottom of the East River, the 
loss amounted to over 3 million gallons per day. 

The underground leakage stopped was about 10 m.g.d., 
which, if valued at meter rates, would amount in a year 
to nearly $500,000 while the cost of this work, covering 
a period of about two years, was $19,000, or say $9,500 
per year. 

The average daily consumption of Manhattan and The 
Bronx was 331 million gallons in 1910, giving a per cap- 
ita consumption of 120 gallons. On the basis of the 
consumption figures for 1910, assuming an increase of 
3 per cent annually due to increase in population, the 
average daily consumption would increase to 341 mill- 
ion gallons in 1911 and to 352 million gallons in 1912. 
By the work to check waste, however, the average con- 
sumption for the year 1911 was reduced to 298 m.g.d., 
or 105 gallons per capita, but the actual reduction was 
really greater than shown by the above average, as the 
effect of the water waste work did not show great re- 
sults until July, 1911, when the reduction reached 65 
million gallons daily and was thus maintained on an aver- 
age up to January 1, 1912. 

While there was a natural increase in the consumption 
for the year 1912, the average daily consumption was 
only 303 million gallons, corresponding to a per capita 
consumption of 104 gallons. The consumption for the 
month of December, 1912, averaged 297 million gallons 
daily which is less than the average daily consumption 
for the year 1904. This estimated reduction in the aver- 
age daily consumption due to the water waste work is 
clearly shown in Diagram Xo. 1, which illustrates the 
natural increase in consumption since 1902. and shows 
that at the present time the average daily consumption 
is the same as that for 1904. On the basis of the esti- 
mated consumption for 1911, 1912. and 1913 some 39,000 
million gallons have been saved, which if valued at meter 
rates ($133 per million gallons) would amount to about 
$5,187,000, at a cost to the city of about $100,000. ex- 
clusive of the fines imposed for leaky fixtures during 
the time of house to house inspection. The per capita 
consumption has been reduced from 120 gallons, which 
was the average for these two boroughs in 1910, to 101 
gallons, which is the per capital consumption for the 
first quarter of 1913. Diagram Xo. 2 shows that the per 
capita consumption is the same as that for the year 1895. 

July 3, 1913. 


Under the existing legislation, the Water Department 
can compel the installation of meters by property own- 
ers only in buildings where water is used for commercial 
purposes, so that out of a total of 305.000 services, only 

86,01 r less than one-fourth, are metered, and of this 

number 60 per cent are in the Borough of Manhattan. 
In this connection, it seems pertinent to acid that a gen- 
eral and strong opposition on the part of property own- 
ers has hitherto been shown whenever a system of gen- 
eral metering, or even the adoption of preliminary meas- 
ures to properly plan its installation, have been proposed, 
so that, in view of the large increase in the water supply 
to be expected from the Catskill sources about the be- 
ginning of 1916, it were inopportune, if not useless, to 
agitate this question at present. Probably more than a 
decade will elapse before the first installment (250 m. g. 
d.) of the Catskill supply will be fully required for the 
consumption, and until additional works for further in- 
crease of the supply are necessary the value of the wa- 
ter saved by metering would probably be less than the 
annual charge due to installation of meters. It should 
furthermore be borne in mind that in wealthy residen- 
tial districts the introduction of meters will probably in- 
crease the revenue materially, but not diminish the con- 
sumption, and that the efficient limit of metering in our 
city will be reached before meters are placed in every 

The advisability of the general installation of meters — 
nay. its need, in order to secure proper economic man- 
agement of the water supply, reduce preventable waste 
and equitabh regulate charges for water, has been so 
often demonstrated, and is today so generally recog- 
nized, that further exposition of proofs in support 
thereof seem superfluous. Among hydraulic engineers 
and managers of all water works, both in this country 

Gallons Daily 
140 IZO 100 BO 






and in Europe, there is nut a dissenting voice on this 
proposition. By the general public, however, it has been 
received throughout this country with disfavor, and in 
our city with a specially marked and persistenl opposi- 
tion sufficient hitherto to prevent the adoption of even 
the preliminary measures necessary to prepare a plan 
for installation. Personal considerations in some cases, 
prejudice or motives which need not be here considered 
in others, have no doubt contributed to this opposition, 
but valid reasons therefor, and probably the main one-,. 
are to be found in our present regulations for the in- 
stallation of meters, which prescribe that the cost and 
installation of the meter shall be paid by the house 
owner; that the latter shall also bear the expense of all 
necessary repairs, and that metered water shall be paid 
for at the rate of $133 per million gallons. To compel 
the house owner to buy the meter and keep it in repair 
at his own expense, is not only onerous, but also against 
the usual practice in similar cases and therefore un- 
equitable, while the charge of $133 per million gallons 
is extortionate, as compared with the general or flat 
charges of unmetered w-ater, and its enforcement ill ad- 
vised policy on the part of the city, which thus discour- 
ages and discriminates against the adoption of the very 
measure it is endeavoring to generalize. 

The author, while discussing this subject in 1902, in 
connection with the Brooklyn water supply, reported 
that available data then showed that the difference in 
charge per million gallons between the unmetered and 
metered water was about $46; that the charges for 
metered water per million gallons were about $43 more 
than the cost per million gallons of all salable water 
based on total expenditures; and that the receipts per 
million gallons for unmetered water were, on the con- 
trary, about $2 below the actual cost per million gallons 
of salable water based on total expenditures; in other 
words, that the metered water was sold with an approxi- 
mate profit of 50 per cent on total cost, while on un- 
metered water the city lost above 2 l / 2 per cent. In this 
same report plans were discussed to so regulate the 
charges as to either obtain simply sufficient revenue to 
cover the total expenditures, leaving little or no surplus, 
or to secure the present average receipt per million gal- 
lons of water consumed, with the surplus of profit then 
shown, on a more equitable basis. 

Under these conditions, the writer had recommended 
and the department had held, in regard to this matter: 

First: That the water supply of the city should be 

Second: That the meters should be purchased and in- 
stalled by the city at its sole expense, and not by the 
owners as at present. 

Third: That the city should also make, at its sole 
expense, all necessary repairs to meters. 

Fourth: That the period of installation should be 
spread over, say, four or five years, so as to distribute 
both the expense and tearing up of streets and side- 

Fifth: That the meter rates should be so established 
as to prevent the curtailment by penurious house own- 
ers of the amount of water necessary for all domestic 
and sanitary purposes. A minimum flat rate should 
therefore be established based on the amount of water 
per capital required for the above purposes, and the cor- 
responding total amount would be charged for the 
building, whether or not it was used. For the excess 
over that prescribed amount the rates would be higher. 

Sixth : That, as an indispensable preliminary measure 
the necessary data should be obtained for the proper 
establishment of meter rates. For this purpose the mode 
of procedure would be as follows: 



\ ol. XXXV, No. 1 

(.11 Authorization should be obtained from the Legis- 
lature to enable the commissioner to install and put 
into service meters in ail such districts and sections as 
would in his opinion furnish the best opportunites for 
securing complete and accurate information as to the 
consumption and waste of water. 

(b) After the installation of these meters in the vari- 
OUS distri' i careful readings would he taken 

for a certain time, particular attention being- given t<> the 
condition of the fixtures and leakage therefrom, etc., 
which would he duly recorded, after which a rigid in- 
specl be made to locate .and stop all leaks in 

fixtures and insure their proper Condition and the read- 
ing of meters continued. The difference found between 
the amount of water drawn with leaky fixtures as orig- 
inally in service and the amount used titter the fixtures 
were put in proper order, would represent the waste. 
This experimental work in the various districts metered 
Should he continued regularly for, say from 6 months 
to one year, tenants and householders being cautioned 
to use water freely through the whole period, as they 
hail always used it before. 

With the above data duly recorded and copies of the 
water lulls paid by the consumers, the necessary informa- 
tion would be available to intelligently establish the 
proper meter rates and ascertain the probable results 
on the installation of these meters. 

The attitude of the department in regard to this 
matter, as outlined above, was known to and met with 
the endorsement of the Merchants' Association of Yew 
York, who, in support thereof, secured the passage of 
what is known as the "Stanley Act" (Chapter 611 of the 
Laws of 1006). Under its terms the Commissioner of 
this Department, when authorized by the Board of Esti- 
mate and Apportionment, was to proceed immediately to 
install meters in various districts to be selected by him 
for the purpose specified and detailed above, Paragraph 
(\ Sections a and b. The act directed that the Com- 
missioner of the Department should report to the Board 
of Estimate and Apportionment on the necessary meas- 
ures to carry the said act into effect, and appropriation 
in be made for its execution. This requirement was 
complied with and a full report submitted to the Board 
of Estimate and Apportionment, as part of which 9 typi- 
cal districts were selected for the installation of meters 
in Manhattan and The Bronx, as follows: 

1. Typical Italian tenements, low service. 

2. t rood class private houses and medium class apart- 
ment houses, tower high service. 

3. Medium class apartment houses and private houses, 
reservoir high service. 

4. Typical Hebrew tenements, new buildings, low ser- 

5. .Medium class flat and two family houses, low ser- 
v ice. 

6. Building of the same character as No. 5. but in 
high pressure service. 

7. Typical Hebrew tenements, buildings several years 

old, remodelled. 

8. I w" and threi story frame houses. 

9. High class apartment houses.' 

In Brooklyn seven similar districts were selected. 
No further action has been taken to d.ate in regard to 

the general installation of meters and fur the reasons 
previously given, it is not likely that it will b^> carried 
into effeel Foi everal years, it would nut prove 



Work Done by Board of Public Improvement to Pre- 
vent Destruction of Water Conduit by Erosion 
of Bank of Mississippi River. 

I In watei supply of St. Louis, Mo., after passing 
through the settling basins at the Chain of Rocks, north 
of the city, passes to the pumping stations through a 
conduit running almost parallel with the Mississippi 
river. The problem of protecting this conduit from the 
ravages of the river was one of great importance, and 
i he discovery that the west bank of the river was being 
washed away at the rate of from twenty to thirty feet 
yearly and that at one point less than 230 feet remained 
between the river and the conduit carrying the water 
supply, led the officials of the city to take active steps to 
protect the river bank. 

In 1911 a contract was let to Paul Grether & Co. for 
the revetment of 8,650 feet of the bank. The work was 
begun in September, 1911, and 5,320 feet of mattress was 
made and sunk before ice in the river caused the work- 
to be discontinued for the winter. High water then 
prevented work on the revetment before July. 1912. The 
work was completed in .March, 1913. 

The process is described in a report recently submitted 
to the Board of Public Improvements In Water Com- 
missioner Edward E. Wall, reading in part as follows: 

"A brush mattress, 64 feet wide, woven in accordance 
with the best practice on Mississippi river work as 
developed by the United States government engineers, 
protects that part of the hank below average low water, 
elevation 394 above sea level. This mattress is weighted 
with an average of eight inches of rip-rap as a protec- 
tion against ice. 

"The bank was graded, hydraulically, to a uniform 
slope of one to three and covered with a layer of spalls 
and gravel averaging three inches thick. Between the 
water line and elevation 397, rip-rap was placed; be- 
tween elevation 397 to elevation 408, stone paving twelve 
inches thick was used, and above elevation 408 the bank 
protection is rip-rap, about twelve inches thick, bedded 
m the gravel. 

"Rectangular reinforced concrete drains were con- 
structed to replace the two creeks through which the 
drainage west of Columbia Bottom Road reached the 
river. In all 8.650 lineal feet of bank were protected 
at a cost of $115,981.83, an average of $13.41 per lineal 
foot. The concrete drains cost $14,219.47. the total cost 
of all the work being $130,201.30. 

"A total of 8,664.9 lineal feet of brush mattress, 64 
feet wide at $3.50 per lineal foot, 9,960.5 squares of 
spalls, gravel and rip-rap at ^3.75 per square and 4.117.10 


ruLY3, 191. 



squan paving at $7.50 per square were used. 

The grading averaged 9.5 cubic yards per foot of bank. 
At the beginning of the contract all work was handled 
by barge, but in October, 1912, track was laid along the 
top of the bank and thereafter rock, spalls and gi 
were shipped in by cars, In, 042 squares of material in 
992 cars being so received. All of the river bank, on city 
property, extending from above the Chain of Rocks to 
Prospect Hill, a total length of 14,950 feet has now been 
protected, the work being done under three contracts 
• luring the period of sixteen years. Each contract pro- 
vid.-l for a different class of work. 

"The northern 2,340 feet was revetted in 1897-99 with 
rip-rap and stone paving, laid on spalls, no mattress 
g used as the bed rock is about elevation 391. The 
Stone paving extends from the bed rock to elevation 498 
and the rip-rap from elevation 408 to the top of the 
slope. The bank was graded to a slope of 1 to 2. The 
average thickness of paving and rip-rap was twelve- 

"The second section, 3,600 feet, was revetted it 
1901. The bank above low water was graded to -I 
of from 1:1' j to 1:3 and a covering of gravel concrete, 
six to nine inches thick, in blocks about seven feet 
square, laid on the slope. All grading in both cut and 
fill was done by team-, and scrapers. A timber mattress 
of two-inch plank woven in between wire cables, about 
fifty feet wide, extended from low water into the river 
and was held in place by rip-rap eighteen inches thick. 
Wherever the depth of the water was such that the 
mattress was partly submerged in extreme low water, 
fascines were used in the place of plank. A roadwa) 16 

feet wide, of broken stone and gravel, wa built 

the top of the bank. 
"The costs per lineal foot of bank of the revetment 

under the three contracts have been : 

1897-189'; 2,340 feet >7.t»7 per f , 

1900-1901 3,600 feet 17.50 per i. 

1911-1913 8.650 feet 13.41 per foot." 



Retail and Wholesale for Farm Produce and Meats. — 
Convenience of Customers and Producers Con- 
sidered. — Retail Purchases Delivered. 

The city of Johannesburg, South Africa, on March 
27 opened a new market which, although it is in several 
respects affected by conditions which do not exist in 
this country, in many ways offers suggestions which it 
seems to us might well be adopted here. 

Johannesburg, like most new cities, at first failed to 
appreciate the value of concessions or franchises, only to 
et later that these had been given away so freely. 
In 1889 the city leased for 99 years to a market buildings 
company a portion of Market Square, and gave a con- 
ion for conducting a market and wagon scales. In 
1906 the Council purchased the concession from the 
company for about $940,000, the general government 
paving half of this and becoming joint owner of the 
market. (Previous to this the city had purchased the 
franchises of the street railway, light and water com- 
panies.)' Shortly afterward the general government 
transferred to the city its share in the market and the 
whole area was devoted to public buildings surrounded 
by parks and gardens, and a new site for the market was 
found in an insanitary section of the city, the most 
desirable treatment of which was the destruction of the 
houses on it. 

This area, which was not only covered with disreputa- 
ble houses surrounded by insanitary conditions, but also 
had been very badly laid out, was purchased by the city 
at a cost of about $5,000,000 and the old buildings were 
demolished, many of them being burned down on ac- 
count of outbreak of plague. The entire site of 178 
acres was then cleaned and leveled, new- streets laid out 
and blocked oft into 646 building lots, the majority 
50x140 feet; 25 acres being used for the new market. 

It is to be noted that in selecting and developing this 
site the municipality aimed to provide a market directly 
connected with the main residence portions of the city 
by street railways and conveniently situated to all parties 
interested, and also adjacent to the railroad, sidings from 
which could be run directly into the property; so that 
the producer was able to place his goods on the market 
at the minimum of cost and trouble and the consumer 
was able to purchase them with comfort and conven- 
ience. Not only was the market thus made accessible 
to the producers, but the Council inaugurated a system 
whereby goods purchased at the market are delivered 
by motor wagon to any address in Johannesburg and 
the suburbs within a radius of three miles, on the pay- 
ment of a very small charge. The market is open every 
day of the year except Sundays and public holidays, 
from 6.30 A. M. in November, December and January, 
from 7 A. M. in February, Match. April, September and 
October, and from 7.30 A. M. in May. June. July and 
\ugust. closing at 6 1'. M. ever) day except Saturday. 
when it remains open until 10 P. M. Street railways 
run to the market at intervals of 7' 2 minutes, and re- 
turn free tickets are issued to market passengers. 

The general scheme of the market is a most compre- 
hensive one, providing for both wholesale and retail 



Vol. XXXV, No. I 

trade in cattle, grain and general farm produce. Cattle. 
grain, forage and general produce markets have already 
been established, with abattoirs in close proximity. 

The market building, in which fruit, vegetables, flow- 
ers, butter, eggs, fish and meat are sold, is the largest 
building of the kind in South Africa and cost about) 

$550, I. The grea) hall of the market is covered by a 

steel truss root 118 feet span. 666 feet long and 45 feet 
high, connection with which is an octagonal annex 80 
feel across. In the main building are 41 shops, restaur- 
ant, hank, post office and railwaj office; while in the 
annex are 11 shops tor the sale of fish, hutter, meat and 
dressed poultry. Near oik- entrance is a large hall to 
he used by farmers and other dealers as a meeting room. 

(lose to the produce market is the live stock cattle 
market, and separated from this by a 50-foot roadway 
are the municipal abattoirs. Behind the abattoirs is a 
quarantine market, to which are sent all cattle received 
from infected areas or districts not covered by govern- 
ment inspection. Connected with the abattoirs is a 
plant for converting condemned meat into fertilizers. 
Since the establishing of the abattoir about a year ago, 
157 tons of meat and bone meal and 35 tons of blood 
meal fertilizers have been produced, and 91 tons of tal- 


low have been recovered and sold for soap-making pur- 

It is seen from this brief description that the city of 
Johannesburg is apparently convinced that a public 
market should be made a most valuable institution to 
its citizens, and with the courage of its conviction has 
expended enormous sums upon it. Moreover, it has 
not contented itself with simply providing a market, but 
has done whatever else it could to make the use of it 
convenient and attractive to both the producer and the 
citizen purchaser. It is especially to be noted that con- 
venient street car transportation was assured in select- 
ing the site, together with special rates to market pur- 
chasers, and that provision is made for a general de- 


livery of retail purchases at reasonable rates, so that 
those who object to carrying home their purchases in 
person are not deterred from the use of the market. The 
latter feature especially is one which it might be worth 
while for some cities in this country to try in their 
efforts to make the public market popular. 



Since the publication in our issue of June 5th of the 
list of municipal reference libraries in the United States, 
we have had our attention called to the fact that a muni- 
cipal reference library was opened in New York City on 
March 31st of this year, and is already heing taken ad- 
vantage of by the public. The library is located in two 
rooms at 280 Broadway, and contains something like 
5,000 books and pamphlets, of which only 368 were pur- 
chased for the library, the others having been contributed 
by the city comptroller from the libraries of the Depart- 
ment of Finance, which department has for some time 
been gathering books of a kind suitable for this purpose 

The establishment of such a library was advocated by 
members of the Board of Estimate and Apportionment 
in 1910 and a report upon the subject was made to the 
Mayor in 1911, but finding no results coming from this, 
the comptroller, William A. Prendergast, decided to 
establish the library with resources already at his com- 
mand. These were not sufficient to provide a thorough 
equipment for the library, but bookcases already in use 
by the Finance Department were placed in one of the 
two rooms, and wooden shelves were erected in the 
other. A desk, some chairs and tables completed the 
equipment for which funds were available. The comp- 
troller states that he hopes that space will be provided 
in the new municipal building for a reference library and 
that the present Aldermanic library of about 8,000 vol- 
umes and 500 pamphlets will be combined with the 
reference library, and that an appropriation be made for 
the salary of a librarian and the other expenses of the 
library in the future. The total expense for new books 
and furniture ($1,250) and the salary of the librarian have 
been paid from the regular appropriation of the Depart- 
ment of Finance. He also hoped that the collection of 
the Reform Club, numbering about 12,000 volumes de- 
voted largely to municipal questions, could be obtained 
as an addition to the library. 

While this library is almost absurdly inadequate and 
incommensurate with the needs and importance of a city 
the size of Xew York, that it has taken form at all is 
due largely to the persistence of the comptroller; but 
it is hoped that the value of the library will be so un- 
questionably demonstrated that it will shortly be recog- 
nized by an official and substantial recognition in the 

July 3, 1913. 



Municipal Journal 

Published Weekly at 

SO Union Square (Fourth Ave. and 17th St.). New York 

By Municipal Journal and Engineer, Inc. 

Telephone. 2S05 Stuyvesant, New York 

Western Office. 1620 Monadnock Block, Chicago 

S. W. HUME, President 

F. E. PUFFER. Assistant Editor 

Subscription Rates 

United States and possessions, Mexico, Cuba $3.00 per year 

All other countries •■--... 4.00 per year 

Entered as second-class matter, January 3, 1906, at the Post Office at New 
York, N. Y., under the Act of Congress of March 3, 1879. 

Subscribers are requested to notify us of changes of address, giving 
both old and new addresses. 

Contributions suitable for this paper either in the form of special arti 
cles or of letters discussing municipal matters, are invited and paid for. 

Subscribers desiring information concerning municipal matters are re- 
queued to call upon MUNICIPAL JOURNAL, which has unusual facili- 
ties for furnishing the same, and will do so gladly and without cost. 

JULY 3, 1913. 


Quarrying- with City Prisoners. (Illustrated). By G. D. 

Crain, Jr 1 

Water Waste Prevention. (Illustrated) 3 

River Bank Protection at St. Louis. (Illustrated) 8 

Public Market of Johannesburg-. (Illustrated) 9 

New York Municipal Reference Library 10 

Water Meters in American Cities 11 

Ozone Water Purification 11 

Positions of Highway Engineering Students 12 

Memphis Water Department Notes 12 

Water Works Data; Tables 13 

News of the Municipalities. (Illustrated) 16 

Legal News — A Summary and Notes of Recent Decisions.. 24 

News of the Societies 25 

Personals 27 

Municipal Appliances. (Illustrated) 28 

Industrial News 29 

The Week's Contract News 30 

Water Meters in American Cities. 

The tables published in our issue of June 12th and 
supplemented by those appearing in this issue give infor- 
mation of several kinds concernings about 400 American 
water works plants, both municipal and private. Part of 
the data give exceedingly interesting information con- 
cerning the growth of the use of meters. In the figures 
which follow, we have omitted all figures from cities 
which failed to report the number of service connections 
in use, and those which, while having meters, failed to 
report the number in service. The number so omitted, 
however, was only about a dozen. While these 400 cities 
constitute less than SO per cent of the plants in the 
country, they are scattered in practically every state of 
the union and include most of the larger cities, thus rep- 
resenting more than half of the population and consump- 
tion of the country. It may therefore be assumed, we 
think, that percentages and other conclusions derived 
from these figures are fairly representative of the en- 
tire country. 

It appears from these tables that 94 per cent of all the 
municipal plants use meters on a greater or less per- 
centage of their services, and that the same is true of 
88 per cent of the private plants. In a number of cities, 
of course, meters are used on a few of the large con- 

sumers only, but if we compare the total number of ser- 
vices with the total number of meters, we find that 41 
per cent of all services in municipal plants are metered 
and that 45 per cent of all services in private plants are 
metered. This statement and the one immediately pre- 
ceding would indicate that such private plants as use 
meters are using them to a greater extent than the mu- 
nicipal plants, on the average; but the figures for the 
number of meters added this year in comparison with 
the number of services added would indicate that the 
municipal plants will soon reverse this condition, for we 
find that during the last fiscal year 95.3 per cent of all 
new services added in municipal plans were metered, 
while only 79.2 per cent of services added by private 
plants were metered. 

All water works men are, of course, aware of the rapid 
growth in the use of meters throughout the country, but 
we believe that most of them will be surprised to learn 
that more than 90 per cent of all services added during 
the past year were provided with meters. (Strictly speak- 
ing, we should say that the number of new meters added 
\\ as more than 90 per cent as great as the number of new 
services added, as some of the meters may have been 
placed on old services; but this in no way affects the 
significance of the figures). 

Probably nothing could more incontrovertibly testify 
to the growing popularity of meters and to the gradual 
dispelling of the opposition of the public to their intro- 
duction than these figures, which show that the use of 
meters on practically all service connections has become 
almost universal in this country. Short lists could easily 
be made up to prove either this or the contrary, but the 
deductions from a list of 400 cities, where the figures 
were given directly by the officials in charge, and where 
absolutely every figure obtainable was given exactly as 
received, can hardly fail to be considered as fairly rep- 
resentative of general practice throughout the country. 

Ozone Water Purification. 

A report has just been issued by the New York State 
Department of Health entitled "The Application of 
Ozone to Water Purification," by Russell Spaulding, 
"Consulting Ozone Engineer, State Department of 
Health." This report contains forty-five 9 x 12 pages, 
most of which consist of poorly executed illustrations 
of a number of European plants, accompanied by a small 
amount of equally unsatisfactory information, with the 
recommendation that the authorities of the state of New 
York "give to ozone, as a means of purifying potable 
waters, their most earnest consideration. There is cer- 
tainly no means known to science that is more reliable 
or absolute than ozone with which to overcome pollu- 
tion and protect the public health. The latest develop- 
ments in the art have brought ozone water purification 
well within the boundaries of economical municipal ad- 

We presume that this report is being sent by the De- 
partment of Health to all the cities of the state, and as 
it is issued by them and contains the statements of their 
"consulting ozone engineer," it seems very probable that 
city authorities will accept the statements therein as 
being the opinions of the department. The danger of 
this and the serious harm which might be done by the 
accepting of this report by municipal officials as a basis 
for adopting ozone purification led us to inquire of the 
state health department whether this report was an offi- 
cial one. In reply, Commissioner Porter writes: "While 
this report was made to the department on request, the 
discussions and conclusions set forth are, as you will 
note, neither approved nor disapproved by this depart- 
ment, the report being distributed merely to bring under 



Vol. XXXV, No. 1 

discussion the matter of water purification by ozone 
application." Citj authorities do not ordinarily look to 
a state department of health to offer them subjects for 
discussion, Inn rather for reliable in i n and ad 

vice, and as long as there i ement in this report 

.Minis are nol approved l>> the department, 
nor am implication of tliis exi i pi thi ab ence of the 
ien( of such : might be expected, 

as said, that the opinions expressed therein would be ac- 
tive, and that the department endorsed 
the use of ozone for municipal water purification. 

Theoretically, there is no question but that ozone is 
an ideal agent for destroying bacteria and other organic 
matter in water, and that if the bacteria can all be 
brought into contact with ozone their fate is certain. 
So far, however, no effort in this country has been suc- 
cessful in bringing about such a result on a practical 
scale, both mechanical and financial difficulties standing 
in the way of success. Moreover, we have yet to see a 
single description of any of the score or more of Euro- 
pean plants which gives satisfactory evidence of the 
effectiveness of the process in any municipal plant. It 
is to be presumed that Mr. Spaulding, in this report, has 
given the cream of the information available for these 
plants, but in not a single case can the information 
given to him be called convincing. Elaborate analyses 
are given of the use of ozone in Paris, where the largest 
plant yet built was installed in 1910, but these were made 
during experiments in 1907 and 1909— not a figure about 
the plant itself. And these analyses are confined largely 
to organic matter, nitrites and temperature — of no con- 
siderable importance. These experiments indicated that 
AS kw. h. of current per million gallons of water was re- 
quired for creating ozone, which in this country would 
probably cost from 75 cts. to $2. No estimate is given 
of the other operating costs or of the cost of the plant. 

t If the other analyses quoted, one gives in considerable 
detail the various mineral contents of the water, fol- 
lowed by the remarkable statement that the ozonized 
water was found to be non-putrescible, and that no 
pathogenic bacteria were found in the three samples 
taken. The first statement is absurd as applied to drink- 
ing water, and it would be extremely remarkable should 
any pathogenic bacteria be identified in three samples of 
even the rawest of raw water. Remarkable for the same 
reason is the statement concerning the St. Petersburg 
plant, that both before and after filtration bacteriological 
examinations showed an abundance of typhoid and chol- 
era bacteria, but that these were found absent after 

Two statements other than the Paris figures are made 
concerning costs of plants and operation. The contract 
for the plant at Xice required that the maximum allow- 
ance for upkeep should not exceed $5,000 per annum. 
that the city would supply the power free, and that the 
cost of plant was to be $48,167, and the capacity 6.- 
480,000 gallons a day. These figures give us S2. 10 per 
million gallons for upkeep, and if we allow In per cent. 
for interest and depreciation of the plant, we have $2 
per million gallons additional, and allowing SI for power. 
: per million gallons. This is additional to the 
cost of filtration and is based on the maximum capacity 
of the plant. If these figures he not exceeded, and the 
in ,:! two-thirds capacity, we would havi 
r million ozonization alone. The 

figures given for 'he Si. Petersburg plant are $7.50 per 
million gi Ii i ozone sterilization, and an additional 

$7.50 for filtration. Whether these include interest, de- 
preciation, etc.. is not - 

\\Y do not wish to ood to imply that « e be- 

o ont purifical ion. or that 

Ifullj deceh ing the public, but 

onlj that the process does not appear to have been de- 
veloped to the point where it can be recommended to 
municipalities. In view of this, and of the reliance 
which might be placed in this as an official report of the 
Stale Hoard of Health, it seems desirable to give this 
word of caution to water works and other municipal 
officials who may receive the report and who may not be 
thoroughly posted upon the real status of ozone purifica- 
tion in this country. 


The Office of Public Roads of the Department of 
Agriculture offers opportunities to young men to acquire 
practical experience in highway engineering by occupy- 
ing the position of civil engineering student, which draws 
a salary of S720 a year together with traveling expenses 
and subsistence while on the road. A part of the time 
w ill lie devoted to laboratory and office work, and the re- 
mainder to practical road building in different parts of 
the United States. The civil service examination for this 
position is to be held on August 6 in all of the larger 
cities in the country, and young men who are qualified 
are urged by the Civil Service Commission to take this 
examination, as at the examination held on April 9 an 
insufficient number of eligibles were obtained for the 
vacancies which are now open. We judge from this 
statement that there will be little delay in giving ap- 
pointments to those who satisfactorily pass the examina- 
tion. Applicants must be at least twenty years old and a 
citizen of the United States, with an educational train- 
ing equivalent to that required for graduation in civil 
engineering from a recognized school or college. The 
examination will be in pure and applied mathematics and 
mechanics, surveying, construction, and materials of 

During the year 1912 the daily average pumpage of the 

city of Memphis. Tennessee, was 13,652,348 gallons. The 
maximum daily pumpage was 20,134,000, and the maxi- 
mum hourly rate was 30,700,000 gallons. The minimum 
daily pumpage was 9,849,000 gallons, and the minimum 
hourly rate was 5,900,000 gallons. This shows an hourly 
maximum of about 125 per cent in excess of the average 
for the year and a daily maximum of 48 per cent. The 
minimum daily pumpage was about 72 per cent of the 
average for the vear, and the minimum hourly rate about 
43 per cent. 

In the latter part of 1911, a Number 1 Detroit electric- 
truck had been added to the department, and during the 
latter part of April, 1912, a second truck of the same 
make was put into service. In the latter part of 1911 
there were in use by the street and meter branches of 
the Water Department S wagons, 4 of which carried one 
plumber each. At the end of the year 1912 the work of 
the two departments was attended to by the two trucks 
and two wagons, doing away with the services of 4 
wagons and 4 plumbers. The number of laborers on 
the 2 trucks was increased, however, and by the greater 
speed in travelling from point to point one plumber was 
able to do the work that had previously required two. 

One of the trucks is used for setting meters and re- 
pairing leaks. When using the wagons, one plumber and 
5 laborers had been able to set 7 meters in a day. while 
one plumber and 6 laborers on this truck set from 14 to 
16 meters a day. 

Truck Number 2 is used mostly in making connections. 
When using the wagons, one plumber and 6 men made 6 
connections a day, if the conditions were favorable, while 
with the truck one plumber and 8 men make from 8 to 
14 connections a day in ordinary gravel and dirt streets. 

[ply 3, 1913. 


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Vol. XXXV, No. I. 

Current Subjects of General 
Interest Under Consideration 

by City Governments 
and Department Heads 


Paving Operations. 
Port Arthur, rex.— Work of putting the finishing touches 
to the easl side of Proctor street paving has begun bj 
the Eureka Construction Company, and two blocks of the 
finished street was turned out on Proctor, the main busi- 
ness thoroughfare of the city. The contractors have nearly 
ied their work on the wist hall of Proctor, and they 
■lave finished two blocks on the east half. In the meantime 
the traction company i> engaged in lowering the grade 
of its tracks on Houston avenue so as to facilitate paving 

City Will Maintain Three Markets. 
Duluth. Minn. — Mayor W. I. Prince as head of the divis- 
ion of public affairs, will co-operate with the merchants 
and householders of the city in developing public markets 
to their fullest possibilities. At least three will be main- 
tained, as was the case last year. One will be located at 
the Armory, another at the west end and the third at West 
Duluth. Mayor Prince commended the public market plan 
highly, and declared that no stone should be left unturned 
to increase them in size, importance and usefulness 

Road Work Progresses. 
Orange, Tex. — J. P. McDonald, who is building roads in 
the county as a superintendent under his brother, Ray 
McDonald, who is under contract with the county commis- 
sioners' court expending the $200,000 bond issue, stated that 

the work of graveling the lower Beaumont road had prog- 
ressed from town to the Orange & Northwestern "Y" west 
of town. He stated that the work of distributing' gravel 
would be suspended in order to let the grading get ahead 
That part of the New-ton county road north of town that 
has been graveled is gradually working down to a level. 
The lake mad from the city to the Adams bayou bridge 
has been completed. A renewed interest is developing in 
the Vinton road project that has progressed to a point 
where the best informed road builders say that S2.000 or 
$3,000 more will make it one of the best in the country. 
Several of tin- merchants and business men have signified 
their willingness to subscribe additional amounts to the 
road fund, while there is some money on hand at the pres- 
ent time for use on the road. It is the consensus of opinion 
now that this road will be in first class condition by the 
'atter part of this summer. This will mean the annexation 
of a territorj a- valuable as the whole of Orange county 
iutside the cit j of * 'range. 

Concrete vs. Macadam. 
Baltimore. Md More than fifty miles of concrete roads 
arc now under construction in Maryland, more propor- 
tionately than in any other state of the Union. Chief 
Engineer II. G. Shirley has come to the conclusion that 
concrete is the most satisfactory substance to meet the 
tremendous wear of automobile traffic and has recommended 
that it be substituted for macadam in many sections of 
the state, lie is stroi ked by Chairman 0. E. Weller. 

wdto went with him some time ago on a trip of tnspei 
over the concrete roads of Wayne county. Michigan. Tin 
, ;,■ work i- being done chiefly on the eastern shore 
and in the loi Stern shore, where there 

tie or no local road building material. The counties 
arc Baltimore, G il, Charles, Caroline, Mont 

gomery, Prince George's, Somerset. St. Mary's. Talbot, 
Won mico and Dorchester. In asking for bids 

this year the Roads Commission has. in many instances, 
requested figures on both concrete and macadam. In some 
instances concrete has been lower, in others macadam. As 
most of the contractors who have been doing road work 
have had little or no experience with concrete thi 
not yet know how to bid. It is the belief of the road 
officials thai when cont come more familiar with 

the new material they will be able to bid materially and 
uniformly lower than on macadam. 

Dirt Street- Improved. 
Utica, X. V. — Under the personal direction of Deputy 
Commissioner Charles II. F. Ague, employees of the De- 
partment of Public Works have graded, crowned or other- 
wise improved many dirt streets throughout the city. Up 
to the middle of June a total of nineteen streets had been 
improved. Filling up tin pitchholes on the several streets 
'•'-i $118, while Idling in and grading the remainder of 
the streets amounted to $673. The estimated yardage was 
.\i.999 square yards, the work of grading being accomplished 
at an average expense of $0.0197 per square yard. 

City Will Own Asphalt Plant. 
Saginaw. Mich. — Saginaw is buying an asphalt plant which 
has been long needed in the city. But it is to be used for 
the present, at least, in repair work only, for Saginaw 
cannot, according to the present charter, it is claimed. 
make its own public improvements of any kind. This 
charter, in title 28. provides that all work, street making, 
bridge building, sewer constructing, etc.. "shall" be done 
after the contract method, by soliciting bids: and the in- 
terpretation placed upon the charter is that the city itself 
may not be one of the bidders. There is a quiet move- 
ment afoot to have the new charter so phrased as to give 
the city the option of doing all public work, including the 
making of such improvements as those mentioned, in any 
way it sees fit and decides to be the most advantageous 
to itself, by day work, by contract, or otherwise. This 
would relieve the compulsory situation now existing, and 
which, it is claimed, leaves the city largely at the mercy 
of contractors. Some years ago the city was able to exer- 
cise option in these matters, and did build some part of 
its pavement, as well as lay a number of sewers. Then 
the charter was overhauled by a revising body and the 
option was taken away from the city. 

Auto Truck Oils State Road. 
Hagerstown. Md. — Work is now going on oiling the 

state road between Hagerstown and Boonsboro by the 
auto truck surmounted by a tank, owned by the Maryland 
Good Roads Commission. The truck is a Pierce Arrow 
of 40 horsepower, of the worm drive type. The machine 
is geared to 12 miles per hour, although on the trip 
through here about seven miles was made, due to the fact 
that an ordinary wagon filled with supplies is attached 
behind, and the noise made by the wagon at high speed 
is considerable. The truck is equipped with an automatic 
dumping body, bin this has been displaced by a large iron 
tank hi 1 and the machine is now to 

be used in oiling the roads of the state. The largest tank 
is so equipped that air may be pumped into the tank and 
the oil applied under pressure, in a fine mist or spray. 
ne up to ISO pounds may be put in the tank, al- 

July 3, 1913 


I 7 

though about 90 pounds is the average pressure for the 
heavy oils. The truck is the only one of the kind owned 
by the commission and it is stated has given excellent 
service. For a time, when it was hauling stone the open- 
ing in the body was made in such a manner that the 
stone were scattered over the road and savsd the labor 
of men distributing them. The amount of road, which 
may be oiled in any day, Mr. Smith explained depended 
upon the fact of whether heavy or thin oils were used 
and also upon the amount of oil desired upon the roads. 
He stated that at half a gallon upon a yard, the usual 
amount used, the tank will hold oil for one mile. Some 
roads are oiled at the rate of a gallon per yard. He 
stated the machine does its work in an excellent manner 
and once the road has been oiled, it gives the appearance 
of having been painted, so evenly has the oil been distrib- 
uted. The apparatus has been in use for some time about 
Annapolis. Loaded the truck weighs about 12 tons, and 
the cost, exclusive of the large tank and the connections, 
was about $5,700. 

Build Concrete Road. 
Kenosha, Wis. — Work on the first concrete road in 
Kenosha county has been started. Two and a half miles 
are to be built along the Lake Shore or Sheridan road. 

Second Class Cities Can Proceed With Street Paving. 
Topeka, Kan. — Cities of the second class in Kansas may 
proceed with their street paving, regardless of the mistake 
of the 1913 Kansas legislature, according to an opinion 
by John S. Dawson, attorney general. The last legislature 
passed a bill that provided the cities at large should pay 
one-third of the cost of laying pavements in front of all 
property. The bill was a general amendment to the paving 
laws and while in the senate the bill was amended by strik- 
ing out this one-third provision. The amendment, however, 
was not copied into the enrolled bill and a bill signed by 
the governor was not the bill passed by the legislature, 
and the attorney general holds it is void for this reason. 
The effect of the bill has been to tie up all improvement 
work in the second class cities, as property owners who 
had paid for paving their streets objected to being assessed 
to help pay for paving blocks away. 

Good Roads Benefit Merchants. 

Syracuse, Kan. — Syracuse business men have convinced 
themselves of the value of good roads as trade getters. 
A large trade territory southwest of Syracuse and south 
of the Arkansas river is almost cut off from the towns on 
the north bank of the river by an extensive sandhill sec- 
tion. Syracuse merchants put in a bid for the trade of 
this territory by building good roads through the sandhills 
at great expense. They have for months received the 
trade and are well repaid. Holly, Colo., their competitor 
for this trade, noticed a rapid decrease in the trade it 
received from this section. Holly merchants sent repre- 
sentatives into the territory to investigate and learned that 
good roads brought the trade to Syracuse. Holly mer- 
chants are now urging their county commissioners to take 
advantage of the flexible Colorado good roads law and 
build model roads into this section. 

Convicts End Work on Hood River Road. 
Hood River, Ore. — The convicts that have been at work 
on the Portland-Hood river automobile road at Camp 
Benson have depleted the fund of $10,000, donated by S. 
Benson, the Portland lumber magnate, and have been 
removed to Central Oregon, where they will be engaged 
in building roads. Governor West offered the prisoners 
to the County Court, the members of which, however, have 
adopted a policy of spending no more money on the route 
until a final and conclusive agreement is reached with the 
O.-W. R. & N. Co. over points in dispute. Judge Castner 
and Commissioners George A. McCurdy and John R. Put- 
nam have approved a report of the county viewers to open 
a road over the proposed route. The railroad company, 
the United States Government and several individuals who 
own property over which the road will pass have been 

granted nominal damages of $1 each. It is hoped that 
the way may be opened before the 1915 Panama Fair. 
The road will also be extended, it is thought, along the 
river between this city and The Dalles. If not along the 
gorge, a new survey will be made of a route over the rang) 
separating the Hood river valley from the Mosier district. 

Plan Good Roads School. 
Corpus Christi, Tex. — Announcement that a practical 
good roads school will be conducted in connection with 
the midsummer good roads congress at Corpus Christi, 
July 10, 11 and 12, has been made by the officials of that 
organization. The school will be under the direct super- 
vision of R. J. Potts, Professor of Highway Engineering 
at the Agricultural and Mechanical College and well known 
as a practical good roads engineer. Extensive plans to 
insure the success of the school have been formulated by 
Mr. Potts. The time of the meeting will be divided be- 
tween the general assembly and the good roads school. 
Speakers of known ability, both as speakers and road 
builders, will deliver purely technical addresses on good 
roads construction and will illustrate their talks with charts 
and lantern slides. A number of the most prominent engi- 
neers in Texas have already agreed to speak, and others 
will be secured. If present plans are carried out, good 
road building, on a small scale, will be actually seen. Mr. 
Potts is expecting road machinery and road material manu- 
facturers to have exhibits at the congress, and these will 
be utilized in the construction of short stretches of roads. 

Ask Haste on Road to Newton. 

Newton, N. J. — The road committee of the Sussex Auto- 
mobile Club has been instructed to protest to the Board 
of Freeholders about the slowness in completing the 
Whitehall section of the Stanhope-Newton road, which is 
about 3,500 feet in length, necessitating a detour over steep 
and n nigh roads. 

Arranges for Systematic Report of Highway Work. 

Albany, N. Y. — For the purpose of placing the work of 
maintaining the highway already constructed on a better 
basis than it has ever been before, John N. Carlisle, Com- 
missioner of Highways, has arranged a system by which 
he will receive every week a report on the work done by 
each of the 800 highway patrolmen in the state. The 
working out of this system is in pursuance of the idea 
of Mr. Carlisle that the maintenance of the highways is 
perhaps the greatest problem that the people will have to 
meet in the development of the highway system. This 
work, he believes, will eventually develop in this state as 
it has in England, where there is practically no new con- 
struction but a very large expenditure for the maintenance 
of the highways, many of which were constructed decades 
ago. Under the system, which will be introduced this 
week, an inspector of patrolmen will visit the patrol route 
in each county at least once a week until the end of the 
season. He will make reports daily on the condition of 
the roads as he finds them and in this way Mr. Carlisle 
and J. H. Sturdevant, the acting second deputy commis- 
sioner, who is in charge of maintenance and repair, will 
be able to have a record of the work that each individual 
patrolman is doing. Not alone will this system of inspec- 
tion be a check upon the patrolmen, but it will enable 
the inspectors to instruct them regarding their duties and 
to decide for them any debated questions which may arise. 

Bitulithic and Brick for Binghamton. 

Binghamton, N. Y. — Contracts for bitulithic pavements 
on Henry and Carroll streets have been executed and sent 
to the contractors, Warren Bros., in New York, who have 
promised to send men to Binghamton immediately on the 
receipt of the contracts. It is expected the work of relay- 
ing the Carroll and Henry streets pavements will com- 
mence next week. Henry street will probably be the first 
thoroughfare improved, and both contracts will keep the 
firm busy until well in to the summer. A portion of the 
concrete on Henry and Carroll streets will be relaid and 
the remainder resurfaced- A test of brick samples will 



Vol. XXXV, No. 1 

be made early n< ,Ik ' Binghamton 

Brick I attler" placed 

sting brick. Heretofore it was necessary 

for thi to make a trip to Corning, that being 

the nearest citj posses i •> for testing brick. It 

robable thai red brick will I" placed on State ami 

Eldn where then is much heavy traffic, and 

also be laid on Hawley street, between Washington 

and Water streets. 

Convicts to Work Public Highways. 
Springfield. 111.— Convicts will be employed on the pub- 
lic highways after July 1 as a result of the action of the 
house in passing the senate administration bill providing 
convict labor. The measure met prac- 
tically no opposition in the house. Only convicts who 
have five years or less to serve are to be employed in 
this way. 

Alabama Good Roads Days Named. 
Birmingham. Ala. — Two years ago the Alabama Good 
Roads Association designated August 14, IS and 16 as 
"Good Roads Days," and called upon the people of the 
state to work the roads in the various counties on these 
Last year these days were observed in over forty 
counties in the state and much enthusiasm was aroused 
over the concerting work, and it was estimated that over 
50,000 people participated in this road work. At the 
last meeting of the association these resolutions were 
reiterated, and the good roads days were re-endorsed. 
In accordance with instructions. Secretary J. A. Rountree 
is sending a letter to probate judges, county commissioners, 
load supervisors, road engineers, mayors and the people 
ally, urging them to observe August 14, 15 and 16 
as "Good Roads Days." In the name of the association 
he is calling upon those that are not required by law 
to work the roads, but those that are passed that age, as 
well as property owners. It is hoped that these days will 
be observed in each of the sixty-seven counties in Ala- 
bama, and that over 100,000 people will engage in working 
the roads on these days. 


City Engineer Gathers Septic Tank Cost Data. 
Grand Rapids, Mich. — City Engineer Leigh H. Stevens 
has personal charge of securing data on the costs of com- 
plying with the supreme court order to install septic tanks 
for caring for city sewage, that in time will prohibit the city 
from emptying sewage into the river. The problem em- 
bodies many important questions that have to be accu- 
rately figured out as follows: Amount of sewage flow, 
maximum flow in flood times, size of tanks needed to 
cover maximum, land that will have to be secured, costs 
and if property must be condemned, and total costs of 
making entire change, with equipment needed. It will re- 
quire some time to gather the data and not till this work 
is done will the city attorney's office be able to proceed 
i\ ith the council's order to ask for a postpone- 
ment of the injunction decree. 

City Wins Sewer Assessment Suit. 
Salem, O. — The city of Salem may now proceed to col- 
lect So45 s t \ver assessment against the Euclid street prop- 
erty of Paul Metzger, which has been held up by injunc- 
tion for the pas) four years, Judge M c having dissolved 

the ~anie when he entered a decree in the case in favor 
of the city. During the summer of 1909 the city of Salem 
constructed a sewer along Euclid street and assessed the 
cost o < against the property abutting on the 

tzger's propi nth side of 

the street and the assessment levied was $345.30 which 

he enjoined the clerk of the city from certifying to the 

count] auditoi to bi placed on thi ta> duplicate of the 

tj Metzger alleged .:- the grounds for action that 

his property was already provided with a complete and 

adequate sewer, constructed by him at his own expense 

the direction of the city engineer, with traps and 
outlet and everything necessary. He wanted the assess- 
ment levied against him by the city declared null and void 
by the court, but Judge Moore was of the opinion that 
the property should lie good for city improvements and 
so dismissed the petition. 

Disposal Plant Did Not Dispose. 

X. J.— Recently Bridgeton completed a 

plant, it has been m operation less 

than a year, and it is found necessary to blast out much 

of the concrete construction and rebuild it. The present 

plant is not practical 



Many Cities Face Water Famine. 
Clinton. 111. — Scarcity of water among smaller cit- 
ies of Central Illinois is becoming alarming, and all are 
taking steps to conserve the limited supply available. 
Among the places where the situation is extremely serious 
is Clinton. The supply at the Clinton waterworks is very 
low and unless the strictest economy is exercised a water 
famine may ensue. Citizens have been urged to use as 
little water as possible and all street sprinkling has been 
stopped. Each succeeding day of the drought makes the 
situation more acute, not only in Clinton, but in every 
other city of Central Illinois, which is not equipped with 
deep wells. 

Town Threatened With Water Famine. 
Oakland City. Ind. — Oakland City is threatened with a 
water famine, and the lake where the town gets its water 
supply is almost dry. Many cisterns and wells in the 
neighborhood have failed. The drought in southern Indi- 
ana is the worst in years. 

Town Facing Short Water Supply. 
Long Beach, Calif. — F. S. Craig of the public works de- 
partment issued an appeal to consumers to exercise econ- 
omy in using water in order to stave off a water famine. 
Should the water situation become acute the board will 
be forced to impose restrictions upon the consumers. Mr. 
Craig states that the water supply from natural sources 
will be lower this season than for any period in the past 
ten years, mainly because the rainfall in the mountains 
has been light. The board of works assigns as one rea- 
son of the shortage the 1,200 connections made during the 
past year. 

Lindsay Finds Immense Waste of City Water. 
Spokane, Wash. — Following as careful an investigation 
as could be made without making an actual underground 
survey, Water Superintendent Alexander Lindsay makes 
the statement that from 10.000.000 to 15.000.000 gallons of 
water per day, costing the city at least $150,000 a year, is 
wasted in the city through leaky mains in streets and poor 
plumbing and service pipes within the property line of 
water consumers. Mr. Lindsay say r s the city is throwing 
away the equivalent of from $450 to $1,500 a day. the 
amount depending upon which pressure levels have the 
greatest waste. "We make a check of the amount of 
water pumped into the city mains between the hours of 11 
p. m. and 5 a. m.," said Mr. Lindsay. "At this time all 
sprinkling and domestic use of water is practically stopped, 
and in a city this size the consumption for hotels, drink- 
ing fountains which bubble continuously, ice plants and 
for all other commercial and other purposes, should not 
exceed the rate of 5.000.000 gallons per day. We find, 
however, that during these hours we are pumping at the 
rate of about 20.000.00n gallons per day. The only con- 
clusion is that 15.000.000 gallons of water is being wasted 
in the city each 24 hours. Our tests were made with the 
water level in the reservoir constant. So T am of the 
opinion that 8.000,000 to 10.000.000 gallons of this water 
waste each day can be stopped, and that is what we are 
going to do." Superintendent Lindsay and Commissioner 

July 3, 1913 



Fassett of the utilities department will begin at once an 
"underground survey" of the entire water system to dis- 
cover these leaks. Practically all the preliminary office 
work has been done and the survey is ready to commence 
on the arrival of equipment for testing the flow of water 
in mains. This will be here in a few days. 

New Water Supply. 
Port Arthur, Tex. — Port Arthur's new water supply has 
been turned on. The two artesian wells at Port Neches 
will have their flow turned into the recently constructed 
pipe line to the city for the purpose of supplying Port 
Arthur people with a purer water in the future. It has 
been decided not to pump the old water out of the city's 
water pipes in order to afford immediately the use of the 
new water service, because of the possible contingency of 
a fire, hence the improvement in the local water service 
will be a gradual one, until all of the old water has run 
out of the water mains and the new takes its place. The 
city owns the two artesian wells at Port Neches. Tests 
just completed show that the well No. 2 now flows 470,000 
gallons per day. Computation of the other well has not 
yet been made. A pumping plant has been established at 
the reservoir about three miles from the city to furnish 
necessary pressure. 

Water Meters Installed. 
Waco, Tex. — The Waco Water Company has begun 
installing meters on consumers' pipes. It will require 
about 8,000 for the entire city, but the company intends 
to put in the meter system throughout and will push the 
matter until all water consumers are supplied. The water 
commissioners declare they have been driven to the meters 
by waste of water. They are putting in $400,000 worth of 
improvements in order to furnish an abundance of water, 
and they are determined to conserve the supply. 

Water Meter Ordinance. 

Salt Lake City, Utah. — Copies of the new water ordi- 
nance which becomes effective July 1 have been published 
in pamphlet form by the water department and are to be 
distributed among the water consumers of the city so they 
may familiarize themselves with changes made in the 
rules and regulations of the department before the law 
becomes effective. 

The most important change made is that relative to 
meter rates and the placing of meters in the city. I 
the new law the superintendent of waterworks is empow- 
ered to compel any consumer to place a meter at any time 
the superintendent believes it is to tin- interest of the 
water department to do so. In all cases where a con- 
sumer is found wasting water the ordinance requires that 
the consumer shall he compelled to place a meter at once. 

A change is also made in the method of taxing meter 
Under the new system 7 cents per 1.000 gallons 
will be charged for all consumption averaging 100,000 gal- 
lon-, or less a month: 6.S cents a thousand gallons for 
100,000 to 200.000 gallons, and 6 cents a thousand gallons 
for all over 200.000 gallons a month used. All office build- 
ings are required to use meters. 

Second Well Raises City Water's Volume. 
Salt Lake City. Utah. — A thorough test of the - 
ten-inch experimental well above the sump in Emigration 
canyon demonstrated that the well, as it stands, will sup- 
ply an average of lxjjoil gallons of water a day by means 
of the air lift pump which has been installed, and it is be- 
lieved that this supply will be doubled when the well is 
blasted at the bottom to open up the formation and give 
a free vent for the water. The first well bored, which 
is also a ten-inch well, supplies more than 300,000 gallons 
per day and it is believed that this flow can be greatly in- 
creased by blasting. The second well, although only 
sixteen feet from the first one, shows an entirely different 
formation near the bottom and it is of such a nature that 
<he flow through it does not fill the well as rapidly as it 
does in the first. To remedy this it is proposed to dis- 

charge several charges of dynamite at the bottom of the 
bore. Superintendent C. F. Barrett of the waterworks de- 
partment and representatives of the engi apart- 
ment made an inspection and test of the big 
although great quantities of water was 
well by the pump, it was decided to blast to h 
supply. The present flow from the second v. 
130 gallons per minute. That from the first well i, , . 
300 gallons per minute. The wells have proved so satis- 
factory that the engineer will commence worl 
a line for a pipe line to convey the water from the 
to the Parleys creek conduit on the For- I nilitary 
reservation. As soon as the survey can be completed and 
the pipes laid, the additional water will be turned into 
the city system. 

Fire Destroys Waterworks. 

East St. Louis, 111.— Fire in East St. Louis destroyed 
two large freight houses and damaged the citv waterworks 
plant with a loss of $300,000. Seventy cars of freight also 
were destroyed. It was necessary to shut off the pumps 
in the waterworks, thus cutting off the water with which 
to fight the flames. 

Fond du Lac Water Seriously Contaminated. 

Fond du Lac. Wis.— That the city water supply is in a 
bad state of contamination is indicated by a report re- 
ceived by City Physician F. M. McGauley from Madison 
upon the bacteriological examination of a sample of water 
sent to Madison on June 2. The report contains the state- 
ment: "Water polluted," while the chemical analysi 
port states that the quality is unsatisfactory; that there is 
quite a trace of organic matter in evidence. The water 
was taken from the tank at the pumping plant. The bac- 
teriological report shows that bacteria per cubic centime- 
ter is registered at 9,966. The greatest previous registra- 
tion in any report was 2,700. The report further shows 
that there is evidence of colon bacteria in the water. This 
is the bacteria feared most as it is productive of typhoid 
fever conditions. The report further shows an absence 
of acid producing bacteria. No reply has been received 
from the state board of health in relation to the letter 
sent by the water commission to have a sanitary expert 
investigate local water conditions. 

Electrolysis Mars Mains. 
Seattle, Wash. — -Recent tests for electrolysis in city 
water mains showed, it is said, the existence of an electri- 
cal current from trolley wires sufficient to furnish power 
to six 32-candle lamps. The city has filed a claim for 
$8,000 damages by electrolysis against the street railway 
company, which, it is said, has been denied. Double trolley 
wires have been suggested by Superintendent L. B. Youngs 
of the Water Department to prevent further damage. 

New Water Supply. 

Xew York, N. Y. — The city of New York has put into 
operation a new plan of water supply for Queens, where- 
by the greater portion will come from the Brooklyn res- 
en oir at Ridgewood instead of from Queens private 
plants, at a saving to the city of nearly $150,000 per year. 
\ connection has been made with the Brooklyn water 
mains at Myrtle avenue and Trautman street, and also at 
Cypress Hills road and Trautman street. The city has 
reconsidered its original plan of dispensing entirely with 
the eight million gallons per day taken from the Citizens 
Water Supply Company for the supply of Long Island 
City, which was used to reinforce the supply from the 
city's own pumping stations for the immense and rapidly 
anufacturing district of Long Island City. In 
consideration of the fact that although the written con- 
tract had been given the Citizens Company, yet a verbal 
promise had been made at the beginning of the year, the 
ny will be permitted to continue to supply Long 
Island City with three million gallons per day, the rest 
to be furnished from the Brooklyn reservoir. 



Vol. XXXV, No. 1 


Disposing of Mississippi Power. 

Minn.— Lieutenant Colonel Potter of the 
ilv met in conference 
Minneapolis and St. Paul and represen- 
mercial association of the two cities 
relative l i"g a conti n the govern- 

ment and the Municipal Electric Company, which was or- 
hase of the hydro-electric power to be 
developed by the high dam now under construction. The 
tl Electric Company is composed of Mayor Nye 
of Minneapolis, Mayor Keller of St. Paul and John Lind, 
president of the board of regents of the (Jniversh) of 
Minnesota. At the conference Mr. Lind said that as a 
matter of equity, morality and public policy the govern- 
ment should deal with the Municipal Electric Company 
rather than with private concerns in contracting for the 
disposal of the high dam power. He said that this was 
a matter betwei es and the nation and that it in- 

volved m holders. Every taxpayer in the 

. In declared, is interested in the project, not to 

the university 
and which, with the two cities would profit in the distribu- 
electric energy. The conference was one of the 
since the proposition was made to use the power 
generated by the high dam in a municipal way. Including 
Colonel Potter, who called the hearing at the request 
of the war department, there were present Congressman 
Stevens, Mayor Nye, Mayor Keller, John Lind, Dean 
Shenahon of the university, Oscar Claussen, city engineer 
of St. Paul, and F. W. Cappelen, city engineer of Minneap- 
olis. Men representing the Minneapolis Civic and Com- 
merce Association and the St. Paul Association of Com- 
merce participated in the argument. One of the strong 
arguments advanced by Mr. Lind and Mayors Nye and 
Keller in support of the contention that the government 
should contract with the Municipal corporation instead 
of with outside concerns was that the two cities and the 
state had the understanding that the cities would ulti- 
[y benefit. 


Sentinel Butte Has Firemen. 
Sentinel Butte, N. D. — Sentinel Butte is to have fire 
protection. Two chemical engines are to be a part of the 
equipment. A fire company was organized and the Council 
ordered an engine. E. O. Gault is the new fire chief. 

Must Carry Ladders to All Fires. 

Grand Rapids. Mich. — Because of complaints of resi- 
dents in various parts of the city regarding the action of 
the fire department in leaving ladders off the hose trucks, 
the fire and police board ordered that the ladders be re- 
turned to the trucks and carried to every fire. The lad- 
ii t 350 pounds and were discarded because 
- have never had occasion to use them. 

Lighting Superintendent Electrocuted. 
Marinette. Wis. — Herman Efaberman, superintendent of 

the Gladstone municipal lighting plant, was killed by com- 
ing in contact with a win- carrying _'..iOH volts of electricity. 
II. was repairing so-r.c vires when his hand touched one. 
He slipped and fell across I w , i others 

Build Steel Tower for Practice Drills. 
Auburn. N. Y. — Drills for the members of the Auburn 
fire department will begin with Captain Frank Ilughson 
oi \utomobile Company No. 4 in ractice will 

start later this year than usual ov I ity of 

of a new steel drill tower. The tower 
will enable the Firemen to perform feats which were impos- 
sible on the old wooden one. Besides exhibition drill 
work at Ithaca, the firemen will demonstrate their adapta- 
bility in other ways for fire fighting, One side of the 

tower is built like a four-story business block or tenement 
house. The firemen will be drilled in scaling it with lad- 
ders and in assisting one another in carrying hose. The 
only exhibition Chief E. J. Jewhurst has in mind is that at 
the firemen's convention at Cortland in the summer. 

Appointment of Women Police Will Be Urged. 
Vtlanta, Ga. — It is not improbable that Atlanta soon will 
have women police. The appointment of a squad of wo- 
men to work in connection with the detective bureau at 
police headquarters is being considered seriously by Police 
Chief Beavers, who has just returned from the convention 
of national police chiefs. He will recommend at the next 
board meeting that three or more women be employed for 
duty in the detective department, and that if necessary, 
city ordinances be amended in order to meet this pro- 
posed innovation. 

Woman Fire Chief for 15,000 Girls. 
New York, X Y. — Mrs. Sarah W. H. Christopher, one of 
the first women to be appointed a fire inspector in the city, 
has accepted a place as fire prevention adviser to the Cot- 
ton Garment Manufacturers of New York, with offices at 
2 East 24th street. The organization represents more 
than ISO garment factories in the greater city, in which 
are employed fully 15,000 girl operatives. Mrs. Christopher 
has completed her plans for a system of fire prevention 
which contemplates the instruction of the girl operatives 
in fire drills, as well as the organization of the employers 
themselves and the foremen. During her eight months as 
an inspector of the bureau of fire prevention, Mrs. Christ- 
opher made an investigation into the cloak, suit and skirt 
industry. Her connection with the fire department was 
automatically terminated on May 1 last by the operation 
of the civil service rules. 

African Salve Fireproof. 

New York, N. Y. — Fire Commissioner Johnson contem- 
plates sending to Africa, he said, for a barrelful of "dray- 
on," the sap of the papau tree, to smear on the 4,000 and 
odd firemen in this city to make them pain-proof while 
fighting fires. The commissioner came to this decision af- 
ter Amgoza Lee. a native of Dahomey, had given a dem- 
onstration on his own person. Mr. Lee held a burning- 
match against his naked arm. then against his face and his 
tongue. He showed no evidence that he felt pain. The 
commissioner sent for a torch, used by the firemen to start 
fires in engines on the way to fires. The Dahomeyan took 
ofT his coat, put the flame to his arms and against his chin 
and cheeks. The fire experts watched closely and saw 
that he did not flinch. Then the commissioner suggested 
to the visitor that a sample of the preparation would be 
acceptable and that if it proved to be all that the visitor 
claimed there would be a big demand for it. 

Fireboat "Wm. J. Gaynor" Launched. 
Elizabethport. N. J. — The "William J. Gaynor," newest* 
fastest and most powerful of New York's fire fighting 
fleet, took the water at Elizabethport N. J., the afternoon 
of June 25. gliding into the Kill von Kull with her steel 
bow splashed with champagne, the work of Miss Marian 
Gaynor, daughter of the Mayor. As the boat went down 
the ways of the New Jersey Dry Dock & Ship Building 
Company she was hailed by the whistles of dozens of 
small vessels along the Staten Island and New Jersey 
shores, and by the cheers of a hundred city officials and 
their guests. Fire Commissioner Johnson, Deputy Fire 
Commissioner George Olvany, Chief Kenlon, Chief Joseph 
Crawley, and Chief Harry N. Marston of the Brockton 
(Mass.) fire department were there, and so was "Charley" 
Culkin, to lead the official cheering. The pumps of the 
new boat will discharge 9,000 gallons of water a minute 
at a pressure of 180 pounds to the square inch. While 
not the largest or longest, the William J. Gaynor will be 
the most powerful boat of the fleet. It is hoped to have 
her ready for commission on September 1. The cost of 
the new boat when completer] will be $118,749. 

July 3, 1913 




Two Webb Engines Due at Nashville. 
Nashville, Tenn. — The new engines which are expected 
within a few days will be placed at the engine house on 
Eighth avenue, south, and at the West Nashville house. 
The machines were purchased from the Webb Company, of 
Allentown, Pa. According to A. A. Rozetta, chief of the 
lire department, the new machines are possibly no better 
than the first three already installed, but will be larger. 
Chief Rozetta will make a reserve hose wagon of the 
wagon at the West Nashville house and a reserve engine 
of the engine at the Eighth avenue house. The wagon and 
engine will be brought to a downtown station and will be 
used in emergency calls. The West Nashville station, now 
known as hose company Xo. 3, will be called engine com- 
pany No. 13, upon the arrival of the auto engine. The sta- 
tion is located on Charlotte road. The Eighth avenue com- 
pany will continue as engine company No. 8. 

Aerial Truck Accepted. 
Woonsocket, R. f. — The new Seagrave motor-driven 
aerial fire truck, which has been in the city for the past two 
weeks, is now the property of the city, having been form- 
ally accepted by the joint standing committee of the fire 
department in behalf of the city. It will be put into ser- 
vice at the No. 3 station by Chief A. J. Cote. The hook 
and ladder truck, which is now at the station, will be 
transferred to the No. 5 station on Social street. 

Money Saved by Auto Equipment. 
Macon, Ga. — Evidence of the great saving to the city of 
Macon by using automobile fire engines, is clearly shown 
in a comparison of the maintenance expenses of the auto 
machines and the horse-drawn apparatus for the six 
months of this year and the same pe.iod of last year. It 
cost the city $2,172.06 to maintain the automobile apparatus 
for this year, while the first six months of last year it 
cost $2,201.72 to maintain the fire aparatus when the de- 
partment numbered automobile machines and half horse- 
drawn vehicles. The saving to the city is increased by the 
fact that there are two companies more in operation this 
year than there were in the year of 1912. 

Will Purchase Auto Truck. 
York, Pa. — The Eagle Hose and Chemical Company No. 
7 has awarded the contract for the building of a combina- 
tion hose and chemical auto-driven truck to the Martin 
Carriage Company. The contract was closed with George 
W. Hall, vice-president of the Martin Company. The 
truck will be one of the finest ever built by the Martin 
company and it will be placed on exhibition in Madison 
Square Garden, New York City, during the National Fire 
Chiefs' Association convention the first week in Septem- 
ber. The new fire fighting apparatus will be sent to 
York about September 15 and will be installed in the en- 
gine house ready for service. The machine will be first 
class in every particular, only the best 
materials being used in its manufacture 
and equipment. 

Will Exhibit La France Truck at Convention. 
Lebanon, Pa. — Announcement has been made that the 
auto truck, recently ordered by the Hook and Ladder 
company of Lebanon, and which has been built by the La 
France Company, of Elmira, N. Y., will not be received 
this month as had been expected. The new truck will 
arrive about September 10, it is said. The delay of the 
new truck in arriving is due, it is said, to the fact that the 
local company has given the builders permission to ex- 
hibit the truck at the convention of the International 
Chiefs' Association, to be held in New York City, from 
Sept. 1 to 6. The truck is of an entirely new type and for 
this reason the builders are anxious to have the truck on 
exhibition in New York City when the firemen from all 
parts of the world will be in attendance and given an op- 
portunity to inspect the truck. 

New Aerial Fire Truck Given Its Initial Test. 
Ogdensborg, N. Y. — A demonstration and parade of the 
fire department of city took place through the principal 
streets of the city last week. The spectacle had for its ob- 
ject the demonstration of the improved fire fighting ser- 
vice which the new administration has given to the city 
and the displaying of the new aerial fire truck recently 
added. The procession was headed by a detail of police 
and consisted of all the department trucks, chemical wag- 
ons, hose carts and engines. The entire department was 
present under the command of Fire Chief Looby. In 
.Mayor Hoard's automobile, which took part in the pro- 
cession, were the Mayor and the members of the fire and 
lights committee, Aldermen Clutterbuck, Kelly and Jones. 

City Purchases Cadillac for Police Department. 
Pawtueket, R. I. — The new automobile has arrived at 
police headquarters. The machine is a 42 horsepower 
Cadillac and has all equipments, including self-starter, 
electric lights, small interior electric lights and many 
other minor details. Mayor Esterbrooks, City Auditor 
Harry Taylor, Alderman Albert J. Evans, Andrew Coch- 
ran, chairman of the police committee, and Chief of Po- 
lice Hill gave the machine a thorough trial, making about 
70 miles before returning to police headquarters. After 
the trip the machine was officially turned over to the po- 
lice department. 

Fire Department Heads Watch Test of Gainesville Truck. 
Gainesville, Fla. — Heads of fire departments of four cit- 
ies visited the city to witness the test of the triple combi- 
nation automobile chemical hose truck and pump of the 
Gainesville fire department, which was conducted on the 
public school grounds. Those from other cities were Chief 
T. W. Haney, of Jacksonville, Chief A. V. Bennett, of 
Birmingham, Ala., Chief G. O. Adicks, of Lake City, and 
Chief Hamp S. Chambers, of Ocala. The maximum vol- 
ume pumped from the main through three lines of hose, 
one of which was 50 feet, the others 100 feet in length, 
was 780 gallons per minute. The 50-foot line was equipped 

Engine Smashes DeKalb Fire Truck. 
DeKalb. 111. — A large pile of bright red 
and nickeled junk lying in the ditch just 
east of the First street crossing repre- 
sents all that is left of DeKalb's fine 
auto lire truck, the pride of the depart- 
ment ever since it was installed last fall. 
The truck was hit by an eastbound train 
on the Northwestern while crossing 
Main street and reduced to a mass of 
twisted wreckage. Driver L. L. Smith, 
who was operating the car and Captain 
Wall, who was directing him, escaped 
by jumping just before the train hit the 
truck, which was standing dead on the 
railroad crossing. 



Vol. XXXV, No. 1 

w ith 1-inch nozzle, and on tl LOO pi 

a 1^-incli 
urcd and on the line 
having a I -inch > 

ure of 
]_' pounds dui in- well as the 

other >ed themselves as favorably iin- 

■ ,1 with tin- w>rk i -lated 

thai the Jacksonville department has six trucks of the 
\nn i them are equipped 

with the pum 

Fire Commissioners Make Inspection Tour. 
Elizabeth, N. .1. — Elizabeth tiro commissioners made 
their animal tout in of the various tire compa- 

"iii headquarters 
in 1 1 ■ immissioners Col- 

lins, Bendi 

and Si ox in attend i ed m- 

spection of the appearance of firemen, the various quarters 

nts needed. 
Surprisingly good time was made by Auto Truck No. 3 in 
answering an alarm, the heavy machine being ready to 
leave quarters eight seconds after the bell had been 
••trip!' ne No. 7, t lie second automobile in the 

department, required eleven seconds. Time made 
iher companies was Engine No. 3, nine seconds; En- 
gine No. 1, eight seconds; truck No. 1, ten seconds; I n 
No. 2, ten seconds; Engine No. 6, nine seconds; Engine No. 
5, ten seconds; Engine Xo. 4, eight seconds; Truck No. -'. 
nine seconds. Following the inspection of the various fire 
-. ili,' i ommissioners inspected the Cox fire boats and 
were the guests of Captain William T. Cox on a sail around 
Statcn Island, aboard one of the fire boats. 


Advocate City Plan Commission. 
Providence, R. 1. — The formation of a city planning com- 
mission to superintend the general growth and laying out 
of the city, such a commission to have only advisory pow- 
ers, for the present at least, was advocated at the public 
hearing held in the council chamber at City Hall by the 
joint special committee investigating the need of a commis- 
sion. Representatives from several local organizations 
which e movement for the establish- 

ment of a commission were present at the hearing, and all 
spoke in favor of the scheme. Arnold W. Bruner, of New 
York, who is an expert on city planning, was present by in- 
vitation and explained in some detail the object of a com- 

Supervisors Consider Measures of Economy. 
San Francisco, Calif. — A r Murdock's sugges- 

tion the efficiency committee has concluded to recommend 
the purchasi the department of public 

works, which now pays 6.50 a da teams, including 

wagons, horses and drivers. The wagons to be bought by 
city will be paid for at the rati - .1 day. and 

is rate will be fully paid for in fifteen months. Murdoek 
The works department will then hire horses and 
drivers at $6 a day. and at the end of fifteen months, with- 
out extra expenditure, the citj will own the waj 

Municipal Survey. 
Indiana i ii »n by the board of 

direct municipal survey 

ks to 
tain what is needed to put the city government on 

ards of municipal government. The direi ' 
11 appropriation [1 
'.,w York bureau of municipal research will be tra- 
il to do the work. W. VI' 

board of ai 

i: Dehority was 
made - chief examiner, 

and because of his knov 

tions in Indiana and of the problems of Indianapolis. From 
the survey may result the establishment of a permanent 
bureau of municipal research in Indianapolis. The survey 
will go into the physical conditions of the city, determine 
fecial problems which this city faces and suggest the 
manner of their solution. It will also study the organiza- 
tion and structure of the city government, and the meth- 
ods employed in taking care of current work. The results 
of the survey will be compiled in a printed report, which 
will be generally distributed among taxpayers and citizens 
of Indianapolis. The experts will investigate the condition 
of the city's streets and sewers; housing conditions in In- 
dianapolis; parks and park problems: terminal facilities; 
transportation facilities; playgrounds; disposition of rail- 
racks; street lighting; street advertising; water sup- 
ply, and similar things, with a view to showing just what 
lions in Indianapolis are. A comparison of the city's 
tics and its conditions with those of other cities will 
be made. 


New Road Sweeper. 
Red Bluff, Calif. — Edgar Hughes has made a street 
cleaning machine. It is a fine arrangement for automo- 
biles as it takes all of the nails and sharp bits of iron from 
the road. It is a electric magnet. In 20 minutes Hughes 
picked nine pounds of iron, ranging from tacks and nails 
to bolts and horseshoes. The magnet pulled up a bolt an 
inch square buried three inches in the dirt. 

Will Test New Garbage Incinerator. 
Racine, Wis. — When the garbage plant is completed and 
ready to be turned over to the city of Racine, there will 
be a private as well as a public test. A number of tons of 
garbage will be disposed of in the presence of the archi- 
tects, contractors and city officials. Then from forty to 
fifty tons will be collected and burned, the public at large 
being invited to call at the plant and witness the process 
of disposal. At the present time it is expected that the 
incinerator will be completed and ready to turn over to 
the municipality not later than July. 

Expense of Garbage Incineration. 

Pasadena, Calif. — Definite figures in regard to the cost 
of garbage incineration have been compiled at the request 
of Commissioner Loughery by Clifford C. Mclntyre of 
the purchasing department, nee efficiency bureau. They 
show that the total cost of collecting and destroying gar- 
bage, figuring in depreciation on vehicles and plant, is 
$6.32 a ton. Of this sum 54.70 a ton goes for collecting and 
$1.62 for burning. Leaving out depreciation of the plant, 
a depreciation estimate wdiich would replace it in twenty 
years, the cost of destroying garbage is set at $1.02 per 
ton. The builder's estimate of the cost of cremation in 
advance of actual operation was 38 cents per ton, based on 
the plant being operated at the full capacity. 

The plant has destroyed 1.S95 tons of garbage and refuse, 
about half and half of each, from January 3 to June 3. 
The total cost of the incinerator is fixed at $51,241.22 by 
Mr. Mclntyre. But a single unit is being operated be- 
cause there is not enough garbage to run more. 

44 Women Seek Street Cleaning Inspector's Post. 
Philadelphia, Pa. — Forty-four women presented them- 
selves before the civil service commission to take an exam- 
ination for the position of inspector in the street cleaning 
department. Director Cook had decided to appoint one 
or two women to fill positions made vacant by the recent 
arge of a number of inspectors for inefficiency. The 
nation was thorough and practical in its scope. The 
answers are said to show that some of the applicants had 
'.erable knowledge of the subject. Some humorous 

on being asked 
had been reading up on the subject, replied "cer- 
tainly not," presumably thinking that such conduct would 
be considered as unfair. 

July 3, 1913. 



Abolish Ash Collections. 

St. Louis, Mo. — Municipal ash hauling in St. Louis has 
been permanently discontinued by Street Commissioner 
Charles M. Talbert and more than 100 employes of his de- 
partment discharged. The action is a direct result of the 
futile attempt of Democratic members of the house of del- 
egates to override Mayor Henry W. Kiel's veto of the $2.25 
tax rate bill and subsequent defeat of the administration 
measure to fix the rate at $2.25. When a $2.22 tax rate be- 
came assured, Democratic leaders made cuts in the annual 
appropriation bill, reducing the budget $292,000. The first 
slash eliminated the appropriation tor ash hauling — some 
$3O,0UO — leaving only sufficient to last through "Clean-up 
Week." Thirty-two ash hauling wagons will have been laid 
off by the end of the week. Only eight now are being used, 
this number having been assigned to make collections in 
districts missed in the hurry of the clean-up campaign. Nine 
ash hauling inspectors have been discharged, with fifteen 
other inspectors in the department. 


Mayor Prevents Trolley Freight Entering City. 

Allentown, Pa. — Mayor Rinn won out in stopping the 
Allentown & Reading Traction Company from bringing 
trolley freight into Allentow r n minus a franchise, unless it 
pays for $20,000 worth of paving. 

New Style of Car. 

Bessemer, Mich. — A specially designed car is to be put 
.nto service on the Gogebic iron range interurban electric 
railway, now nearing completion. It will operate between 
Ironwood and Bessemer. The car was built at Philadel- 
phia and has some unique features. A woman cashier in 
a little office will receive all fares and make change. By 
pressing a button she opens the doors of the car and 
lowers the step; when the car is ready to start she re- 
\cr-es the process, raising the. step and closing the door. 
This makes it impossible to get off or on the car except 
when it stops. The car is forty feet long. 


Rock Island to Be "City Beautiful." 

Rock Island, 111. — With a city beautiful as the goal, Rock 
Island has begun a contest to determine the best kept 
lawns and the best kept gardens in every ward of the 
city. The contest lasts until Oct. 1, for the prizes offered 
are not to reward mere temporary improvement, if the 
women backing the movement can help it. The Rock 
Island Woman's Club originated the idea and has organized 
ward committees and general superintendents. In each 
ward prizes will be offered. Several hundred entries have 
been filed. 

City Goes In Ice Business. 

Cincinnati, Ohio. — The city of Cincinnati went into the 
ice business when it established depots at all of the fire 
engine houses of the city and supplied families that could 
not obtatin ice from their regular dealers on account of 
the strike of ice wagon drivers, their helpers and engineers 
of ice plants. The action of the engineers in going on 
strike resulted in the closing down of a number of plants 
and a further curtailment of the ice supply. To alleviate 
the suffering and inconvenience of the people, Mayor Hunt 
telegraphed to the mayors of Indianapolis, Cleveland and 
Columbus to ship as much ice as possible to Cincinnati. 
Tin: mayor also called the City Council in special session 
to act upon an appropriation of $5,000, to be used by City 
Health Officer Landis, who is handling the ice business for 
the city. Many of the smaller ice companies and individ- 
ual dealers have acceded to the demands of the union and 
.are supplying ice to the hospitals and charitable institutions, 
but they can not distribute to the entire city, and owing to 
the excessive heat much suffering is being felt. 

Municipal Boat House Opened. 

Boston, Mass. — Boston's most recent municipal devel- 
opment, the $19,000 boathouse resting on the shore of 
Jamaica pond, has just been put into use. The structure, 
as shown in the illustration, is patterned after the old 

Courtesy of Christian Science Monitor. 


English style of architecture, and consists of the main 
boathouse and a storehouse. Of two stories in height, the 
boathouse is built of brick and plaster, with wooden slabs 
running vertically. Over the storage house is provision 
for a band for the concerts which are held on the pond 
during the summer. A licensed attendant is in charge of 
the boathouse and of the renting of the boats. 

Spent Much Money for Playgrounds. 

Little Rock, Ark.— Little Rock spent $20,000 on play- 
grounds last year. The money was raised by public sub- 
scription, through the efforts of a highly organized play- 
ground association. The enthusiasm for playgrounds has 
since spread to other cities in the same region, notably 
Pine Bluff. 

Park "Movies" a Success. 
New York, N. Y. — The success of the free moving pic- 
ture shows given in the city parks by the Health Depart- 
ment to educate the public in methods of care and pre- 
vention of tuberculosis was so pronounced, according to 
Frank H. Mann, secretary of the committee, that a sche- 
dule has been planned for another week. About 22,000 
persons watched the pictures during the week. 

Municipal Saloon. 
Sisseton, S. D. — Commencing July 1, Sisseton will have 
the nearest approach to a municipal saloon of any town in 
South Dakota. The licenses for two saloons to which the 
town is entitled were granted to W. E. Bollenbeck by 
popular vote. Bollenbeck will conduct the business on 
unique lines. He will work on a salary of $1,800 a year, 
and the profits of the business will be divided as follows: 
Fifty per cent, to the county good roads fund and the 
remaining fifty per cent, to the city treasury. 

Quitman Will Have Splendid Park Soon. 

Quitman, Ga. — Quitman is to have oneof the prettiest city 
parks in south Georgia before the close of the summer. 
O. K. Jelks, one of the city councilmen, donated ten acres 
of woodland within one mile of the court house for a park 
provided the city would spend a certain amount improving 
the property, erecting a pavilion, clearing out a driveway 
and paths and putting in water and lights. This matter 
came up before the council last winter, but plans for im- 
proving the place were not pushed at that time. 
Success in Municipal Ownership. 

Hammonton, N. J. — The annual report of the Water 
Commission shows conditions highly gratifying to those 
who advocated the installation of a municipal water plant. 
Not only has the plant met all expenses, but in addition 
to constructing a siding for the use of the plant, all inter- 
est on bonds has been met and $1,000 indebtedness can- 
celed. In addition the municipality has had the free use of 
113 fireplugs, the cost of which on a rental basis would 
have been over $2,500. 



Vol. XXXV, No. 1 


Summary and Notes of Recent Decisions 
Rulings of Interest to Municipalities 

Sewer Assessmennts — Court Review. 
..1. v. Sower Improvement Dist. No. 1, City of 
teville, et al. — The Legislature or the agents upon 
whom it coniers power to create improvement districts in 
cities and towns are the sole judges in creating such dis- 
tricts, establishing their boundaries, and determining, or 
providing means for determining, the amount of assess- 
ments based on benefits; and the courts will only inter- 
fere when an arbitrary and manifest abuse of such power 
is shown, and not for mere mistake in fixing the amount 
or rate of assessment. — Supreme Court of Arkansas, 155 
S. \V. R. 99. 

Assessments — Limit to Amount. 
Van Zanten v. City of Grand Haven. — Comp. Laws 1897, 
providing that in no case shall the amount to be levied by 
special assessment for any one improvement exceed 25 
per cent, of the value as assessed for state and county 
taxation in the last preceding ward tax roll, fixes the limit 
as well as the method of determination, and the admission 
of oral testimony as to value was erroneous. — Supreme 
Court of Michigan, 140 N. \Y. R. 471. 

Street Railroads — Expiration of Franchise. 

State ex rel. County Atty. et al. v. Des Moines City Ry. 
Co. — Where, after the expiration of a street railway fran- 
chise, the street railway continued to occupy the streets 
and make improvements thereon for a number of years, 
and incurred large expense in paving, reconstruction of 
tracks, etc., and its right to occupy the streets is not con- 
tested by the city for a number of years, the company 
should be given a full two years as a reasonable time after 
it is adjudged without authority to occupy the streets to 
obtain an extension of its franchise, or dispose of its plant 
and property, or remove the same. — Supreme Court of 
Iowa, 140 N. \Y. R. 437. 

Pavement Guarantee — Repairs. 

Barber Asphalt Paving Co. v. City of Indianapolis. — ■ 
Where a contract for street paving containing a warranty 
of the work by the contractor also authorized the city to 
retain a portion of the contract price as a repair guaranty 
fund, a recovery by the city of the cost of resurfacing a 
portion of the street did not prevent it from holding the 
balance of the fund as a guaranty for the repair of other 
portions of the street until the end of the guaranty period. 
— Appellate Court of Indiana, 1(11 X. E. R. 31. 

Lien of Material Men — Leased Machinery. 
Troy Public Works Co. v. City of Yonkers et al. — Lien 
Law giving a lien for "materials" furnished a municipal 
contractor, does not give a lien for rent for a steam 
shovel leased to a contractor; "material" meaning matter 
which is intended to be used in the creation of a mechan- 
ical structure, or the substance matter of which anything 
is made. — Court of Appeals of New York, 100 X. E. R. 700. 

Paving Guarantee — Defects Due to Expansion. 
City of Louisville v. L. R. Figg Co. et al. — In an action 
upon a guaranty of work done under a paving contract, 
evidence held to show a compliance with the specifications, 
and that defects were caused by expansion, artd nol de- 
fendant's default. — Court of Appeals of Kentucky, 153 S. 
W. R. 763. 

Street Obstructions — Contractors' Materials. 
Town of Bellevue et al. v. Rentz. — A city authorized a 
i contractor to pile cement and brick on the grass 
plot between the sidewalk and the curb, leaving unob- 
structed the paved sidewalk. Plaintiff testified that ce- 
ment place : tractor on the grass plot extended 
Onto the sidewalk, and that bricks were placed on a 
canvass covering the cement which were within the seven- 
foot pavement, and thai she stepped on one of the bricks 

while walking along the pavement at night and was in- 
jured. Held, that the city was not bound to take notice 
of the contractor's failure to keep his material within the 
space specified in the permit, and, the bricks not having 
been on the walk for a sufficient length of time to charge 
the city with notice thereof, it was not liable. — Court of 
Appeals of Kentucky, 153 S. W. R. 732. 

Negligence — Liability of Township. 
Howard v. Rose Tp., Payne County et al. — A township 
in this state, in the absence of an express statute creating 
liability therefor, is not liable in a civil action for damages 
for the neglect of its officers in failing to perform, or in 
iperly and negligently performing, an official duty. — 
Supreme Court of Oklahoma, 131 P. R. 683. 

Acceptance of Bill — Written Contract. 
McCormick v. Oklahoma City et al. — Where a city, on 
advertising for bids for a municipal improvement, both in 
the specifications and in the advertisement stated that the 
successful bidder must enter into a written contract to 
perform the work, and complainant knew from past ex- 
perience that he would be required to enter into a written 
contract according to an adopted form in case his bid 
was accepted, a mere vote of the city council to accept 
one of complainant's bids and award a contract to him, 
which was thereafter reconsidered, no written contract ever 
having been executed, was insufficient to show the execu- 
tion of a contract for the work between the city and com- 
plainant pursuant to his bid. — Circuit Court of Appeals, 
203 F. RR. 922. 

Streets — Damages to Abutter. 
City of Shreveport v. McClure et al. — In this state the 
streets of a municipality belong to the public; and abutting 
owners have no right to recover damages for disturbance, 
discomfort, and inconvenience resulting from the street 
traffic, even of such a nature as may diminish the value 
• ■I their property for residential purposes. — Supreme Court 
mi' Louisiana, 61 S. R. 530. 

Street Obstructions — Damages. 
Gonzalez et al. v. City of Pensacola. — A declaration, in 
which it is in effect alleged that a municipality negligently 
and recklessly caused the streets to be dug down and for 
months left in that condition before paving was done, 
whereby plaintiff's abutting lands were washed away and 
injured before the paving was done, because of the prema- 
ture negligent and reckless lowering of the grade of the 
street, states a cause of action for damages. — Supreme 
Court of Florida, 61 S. R. 503. 

Ordinance Regulating Livery Stables. 

City of Little Rock et al. v. Reinman et al. — Under 
Kirby's Dig. authorizing cities to regulate livery stables, 
an ordinance prohibiting the livery stable business from 
being conducted within a small area within the city was 
a valid regulation, even though a livery stable is not a 
nuisance per se. — Supreme Court of Arkansas. 155 S. W. 
R. 105. 

Mill Ordinance — Police Power. 

John Quincy Adams, Plff. in Err., v. City of Milwaukee 
and Gerhard A. Bading. — The confiscation, forfeiture, and 
immediate destruction contemplated by a municipal ordi- 
nance where milk does not conform to the requirements 
oi such ordinance forbidding the shipment into the city 
ol milk drawn from cows outside, unless the cows shall 
live been subjected to the tuberculin test, and an 
official certificate of their freedom from tuberculosis or 
other diseases shall have been filed with the health officer, 
do not take property without due process of law, con- 
trary to U. S. Const., 14th Amend., even though the neces- 
if the tests be not demonstrated, and the beliefs which 
induced them may be disputed; but such ordinance must 
be regarded as a valid exercise of the police power, the 
destruction of the milk being the only available and 

penalty for violations of the ordinance. — 33 S. C. R. 

July 3, 1913 



Calendar of Meetings. 

Ju indiana league of municipalities. 

—Annual Convention, Gary. A. P. Melton, 
Secretary. Gary. 

—Thirteenth Annual Convention, Saskatoon, 
3ask W. D. Llghthall, Hon. Secretary-Treas- 
urer, 305 Quebec Bank Bldg., Montreal, Can- 

Annual Convention, Perry. 

TIES. Annual Convention, Neenah, WU. 

August 5-8. 

TION. — Annual Convention, Brockton. 
August 19-22. 

Annual Convention, Watertown, N. Y. 
August 25-30. 


ON SCHOOL HYGIENE, Buttalo, N. Y. Dr. 

Thomas A. Storry, Secretary General, Col- 
lege of the City ol New York. 
August 26-28. 

SOCIATION. — Seventeenth Annual Meeting, 
Cedar Point, O.— K. P. Brlcker, Secretary, 
Ithelby, O. 
8epumber 1-6. 

ENGINEERS. Forly-nrst Annual Convention, 
Grand Central Palace, New York City. Jamei 
Met all. secretary, Roanoke, Va. 
September 9-13. 

TION. — Annual Convention, Colorado Springs, 
Col. — S. M. Gunn, secretary, 755 Boylston 
street, Boston, Mass. 
September 10-12. 

CIATION. — Annual Convention, Philadelphia, 
Pa. Willard Kent, Secretary, Narragansett 
Pier, R. 1. 
September 29-October 4. 

Annual Convention, Detroit, Mich. J. E. 
Pennybacher, Secretary, Washington, D. C. 
October 7-10. 

PROVEMENTS. — Twentieth Annual Meeting, 
Wilmington, Del. — A. Prescott Folwell, Secre- 
tary, 50 Union Square, New York City. 
November 10-15. 

TION. — Meeting St. Louis, Mo. John H. Bank- 
head, president; J. A. Rountre, secretary, 1021 
Brown-Marx Building. Birmingham, Ala. 
December 9-12. 

TION. — Annual Convention, First Regiment 
Armory, Philadelphia. Pa. E. L. Powers, Sec- 
retary, 150 Nassau street. New York City. 

Chemical and Bacteriological Section 

of American Water Works 


Immediately following the adjourn- 
ment of the Friday morning session, 
June 27, 1913, of the American Water 
Works Association, Thirty-third An- 
nual Convention, held at the West 
Motel, Minneapolis, Minn., a meeting 
of those interested in the formation 
of a chemical and bacteriological sec- 
tion of the American Water Works 
Association was held in the Convention 
• Hall, and a temporary organization was 
called to order by Dr. Edward Bar- 
tow, director of Water Survey, State 
of Illinois. Dr. Bartow stated the ob- 
ject of the meeting as above outlined, 
and called for nominations for chair- 

On motion, Wilson F. Monfort was 
duly elected chairman; and on further 
motion, John A. Kienle, New York 
City, was elected secretary. 

Dr. Bartow moved that a committee 
of five to formulate a plan of organi- 

zation of the new section be named, 
tne president and secretary of this 
meeting to constitute two members 
tnereol; the purpose oi tile committee 
being to take the minatory steps 
necessary to the permanent organiza- 
tion oi the section, and report the 
same to the executive committee of 
tne American \\ ater \\ orks Associ- 
ation, and upon acceptance by them of 
the new organization, it would go 
into effect as a section of the Ameri- 
can Water Works Association under 
tne new constitution adopted by that 
body at this convention. 

Chairman Monfort named as the 
three additional members upon the 
committee upon organization, together 
with himself and Mr. Kienle, Messrs. 
D. D. Jackson, New York City, C. 
Arthur Brown, Lorain, Ohio, and Ed- 
ward Bartow, Urbana, 111. 

Upon motion, those present desiring 
to join that branch of the main or- 
ganization, were requested to indicatt 
their attitude by calling their numbers, 
and those were found to be as follows: 
29, Wm. C. Lounsbury, Superior, Wis.; 
85, Louis C. Hory, Lambard, 111.; 89, 
Edward Bartow, Urbana, 111.; 134, John 
A. Kienle, New York City; 155, W. R. 
Golson, Quincy, 111.; 194, Edgar N. 
Hoopes, Jr., Wilmington, Del.; 217, 
W. VV. De Berard, Chicago, 111.; 227, 
Wilson F. Monfort, St. Louis, Mo.; 

239, W. H. Durbin, Evansville, Ind.; 

240, C. Arthur Brown, Lorraine, Ohio; 
25U, Frederick II. Stover, Louisville, 
Ky.; 259, D. D. Jackson, New York; 
508, E. V. W'intzingerodo, Chicago, 111.; 
255, W. E. 'Wilcox, Ensley, Ala. 

Upon motion, the members adjourn- 
ed to meet at the call of the chairman. 

American Water Works Association. 

The following officers were elected 
last week at the Minneapolis conven- 
tion: R. J. Thomas, Lowell, Mass., 
president to succeed Dow R. Gwinn; 
George B. Earl of New Orleans, vice- 
president; J. M. Diven, Troy, N. Y., 
secretary to succeed himself; James M. 
Caird, Troy, N. Y., treasurer, which is 
a new office, the secretary formerly 
having that office, too. 

The other five trustees elected were 
Theodore A. Leisen, Louisville; Chas. 
R. Henderson, Davenport, la.; Leonard 
Metcalf, Boston; E. Bartow, Urbana, 
111., and Nicholas S. Hill, Jr., New 
York City. There was a hot fight for 
the next convention, Philadelphia, 
Richmond. San Francisco and Erie be- 
ing after it. It finally was won by 

There was but little fight for the 
next convention, San Antonio was 
unanimously selected. 

The following is a list of the asso- 
ciate members present having charge 
of exhibits: 

401, Sam Davis, Gualber Brass Mfg. 
Co.. Cleveland, O.; 402. H. B. Coho, 
United Lead Co., New York City: 403. 
T. J. Nagle, Hays Mfg. Co., Erie, Pa.; 
404, James F. Gould, Piatt Iron Works, 


Dayton, Ohio; 405, W. B. Cambridge, 
Hersey Mfg. Co., So. Boston, Mass.; 
406, J. J. Strasser, Hersey Ally. Co., 
So. Boston, Mass.; 407, J. G. Smyser, 
Hersey Mfg. Co., So. Boston, Mass.; 
40S, William Ross, Ross Valve Mfg. 
to., Troy, X. V.; 409, Al. B. Coulters, 
Builders Iron Foundry, Providence, R. 
1.; 410, Wallace H. Hays. Neptune Me- 
ter Co., New York City; 411, Edwin 
H. Ford, Ford Meter Box Co., Wabash, 
Ind.; 412, S. D. Higley, Thomson Meter 
Co., Brooklyn, N. Y.; 413, Edw. H. 
Grove, Grove Electric Indicator Co., 
Washington, D. C; 414, Fred P. Hale, 
Glauber Bras.- Mfg. Co., Cleveland, 
Ohio; 415, Ch. J. Dougherty, Water 
Works Equipment Co., New Y r ork City; 
416, E. T. Scott, Water Works Equip- 
ment Co., New York City; 417, W. H. 
Van Winkle, Jr., Water Works Equip- 
ment Co., New York City; 418, T. D. 
Bausher, Water Works Lead Furnace. 
Reading, Pa.; 419, S. P. Landreth, Gar- 
lock Packing Co., Palmyra, N. Y.; 
420, P. J. Crimmins, Columbian Iron 
Works, Chattanooga, Tenn.; 421, Clay 
J. Smith, Farnan Brass Works, Cleve- 
land, Ohio; 422; Ray B. Nisbet, Ameri- 
can Asphaltum & Rubber Co., Chicago, 
111.; 423, Dwight P. Child, H. W. Clark 
Co., Mattoon, 111.; 424, J. Y. Patterson, 
Patterson Mfg. Co., Pittsburgh, Pa.; 
425. fohn S. Warde, Jr., Rensselaer 
Valve Co., Troy, N. Y.; 426. Allan W. 
Knapp, International Steam Pump Co., 
New York City.; 427, Albert S. Otis, 
Union Water Meter Co., Worcester, 
Mass.; 428, N. W. Finch, Union Water 
Meter Co., Worcester, Mass.; 429, T. 
C. Clifford, Pittsburgh Meter Co., E. 
Pittsburgh, Pa.; 430, V. E. Arnold, 
Pittsburgh Meter Co., E. Pittsburgh. 
Pa.; 431, Geo. W. Keefer, Rensselaer 
Valve Co., Troy, N. Y.; 432, R. J. Ras- 
niuson, Rensselaer Valve Co., Troy, N. 
Y.; 433, James T. Ford, Bourbon Cop- 
per & Brass Co., Cincinnati, Ohio; 434, 
E. W. W'iddows, Buffalo Meter Co., 
Buffalo, N. Y.; 435; Walter C. Holser, 
Foster & Hosier, Chicago, 111.; 436, R. 
B. Fritch, R. D. Wood & Co., Phila- 
delphia, Pa.; 437, F. B. Dudley, U. S. 
Cast Iron Pipe & Foundry Co., Chi- 
cago, 111.; 438; F. H. Bradford, Pitts- 
burgh Meter Co., E. Pittsburgh, Pa.; 
439, W. H. Talkes, Pittsburgh Meter 
Co., E. Pittsburgh, Pa.; 440, H. J. Put- 
nam, Thomson Meter Co., Brooklyn. 
N. Y.; 441, F. B. Leopold, Pittsburgh 
Filter Mfg. Co., Pittsburgh, Pa.; 442, 
Philip S. Tilden, Harrison Bros. & Co., 
Philadelphia. Pa.; 443, M. H. Collins, 
Rensselaer Valve Co., Chicago, 111.; 
444, A. E. Tones, Rensselaer Valve Co.. 
Chicago, 111.; 445, W. A. Start, Neptune 
Meter Co., Chicago, 111.; 446, E. W. 
Bacharach, Pittsburgh Filter Mfg. 
Co., Pittsburgh, Pa.; 447, Lewis 
Lebengood, James Boyd & Bros., 
Philadelphia, Pa.; 448, H. A. Beynon. 
Neptune Meter Co., New York City; 
449, H. F. Doran, Neptune Meter Co., 
New York City; 450, H. A. Burdorf. 
The Lunkenheimer Co., Cincinnati. 
Ohio; 451, J. C. Kellv. Jr., National 
Meter Co., New York City; 452, C. S. 
Francis, National Meter Co., New 
York City; 453, C. Y. House, National 
Meter Co., New York City; 454. R. N. 
Fellows, Addressograph Co., Chicago, 



Vol. XXXV, No. 1 

111.; 455, C. L. Lincoln, S. E. T. V alvc 
& Hydrant Co., New York City; 450, 
W. G. Savage, C. S. Cast Iron Pipe &. 
Foundry, Chicago, 111.; 457, \\ . 11. 
Luckett, Thomson Meter Co., 
lyn. N. V.; 45S. M. 1. Kirknian, Water 
Works Equipment Co., New York City; 
. I. Klein, New York Jewell 
Filtration Co., Kansas City; 40U. M. B. 
Dwyer, Pennsylvania Salt Mfg. Co., St. 
Louis, Mo.; 461, E. D. Kingslej 
tro Bleaching Gas Co., New Y'ork City; 
4o-', E. F. Mull. Badger Meter Mfg, 
is.; 403, J. J. Leach, 
Badger Meier Mfg. Co., Milwaukee, 
(64, J. B. Kirpatrick, Neptune 
Meier Co., New York City.; 405, B. B. 
\ ander\ eer, Neptune Meter Co., New 
York City; 455, T. D. Faulks, Neptune 
Meter Co., New York City; 407, M. P. 
Paige, Union Water Meter Co.. Wor- 
cester, Mass.; 468, F. Mueller, H. Muel- 
ler Mfg. Co., Decatur, 111.; 469, Horace 
F. Clark, H. Mueller Mfg. Co., Decatur, 
111.; 470, E. G. Ince, H. Mueller Mfg. 
Co., Decatur, 111.; 471, I. S. Holbrook, 
Engineering Record, New York City; 
W. Fleet. National Meter Co.. 
New York City; 473, J. D. Murr, Nep- 
tune Meter Co., Chicago, 111.; 474, D. F. 
O'Brien. Anth. P. Smith Mfg. Co., E. 
Orange, N. J.; 475; W. H. Shenton, The 
Schaeffer Budenberg Mfg. Co.. New 
York-Chicago; 476. Wm. f. Birch. Hill 
Pump Valve Co., Chicago. 111.; 477. W. 
Neptune Meter Co., New York 
,'ity; 478, Lewis H. Nash. National Me- 
New Y.irk City: 479. W. H. 
Engineering and Contract- 
ing, Chicago, 111.; 480, Geo. M. Cos- 
tello, Cancos Mfg. Co., Philadelphia, 
Pa.; 481, F. J. Bradley. National 
Meter Co., New York City; 482, H. C. 
Bradley, National Meter Co., New York 
City; 483, C. H. Van Kirk, Engineering 
and Contractii -.111.; 484. L. 

E. Mueller, Hays Mfg. Co., Erie, Pa.; 
4S5, Wm. A. Fleig, Gamon Meter Co., 
Newark. N. J.; 480, C. A. Yaughan, 
Gamon Meter Co., Newark, N. J.; 487, 
Fred H. Haynes, Rensselaer Valve Co., 
Chicago, 111.; 488, W. C. Sherwood. 
Hersey Mfg. Co., So. Boston, Mass.; 
489, F. W. Reno, Addressograph Co., 
Chicago, 111.; 490, A. I. Kehoe, Hays 

Mfg. Co., Erie, Pa.; 491, Chas. R. 
R. I) Wood & Co., Philadel- 
phia, Pa.; 492. A C. Nieman, Anthony 
P. Smith Mfg. Co., E Orange, N. J ; 
493. F. S. Bates, Rensselaer Valve Co., 
rroy, X Y".; 494. Wm. S. Cetti, Thorn- 
s' mi Meter Co., Brooklyn, N. Y.; 495, 

F. 1.. Northrop. Anthony P. Smith Mfg. 
Co., E. Orange. X. J.; 496, John T. 
Shay. Piatt lr..n Works Co.. Dayton, 

197, Peter J. Weigel. W. P. Tay- 
Buffalo, N. Y.; 498, Thomas E. 
Dwyer, Lead Lined Iron Pipe Co., 
Wakefield. Mass : 499, Gi i. J. I 
Modern Iron Works, Quincy, 111.; 500, 
R. E. Kartack, Standard Asphalt & 
Rubber, Chicago, 111.; 501, "• 

<_. No nal Meter Co., 

New York lity; 5(12. Paul A. Ivy. 
Amer. Cast Iron Pipe Co., Chicago, 
111.; 503. Mark Wade, Hill Pump Valve 
Co., Birmingham, Ala.; 504, A. B. Sny- 

■ neral Chemical ' 
111.; 505, Allen H. Nye, Neptune Meter 
l .... New York; 506, John W. Flower, 
Roe Stephens Mfg. Co., Detroit. Mich 

American Society of Municipal 

The twentieth annual convention 
will be held in Wilmington, Del., Oct. 
7-lo. 1913. The following committees 
have been appointed by the Chamber 
of Commerce to arrange the details: 

Transportation — O. C. Purdy, chair- 
man; George II. McGovern, J. W. 

— E. L Haynes, chairman; Mer- 
ii- ["aylor, <n..!^e tarter. .1. P.. Bell, 
Harrison Cruikshank. A. R. Saylor, 
Max Goetz. 

Finance — M. D. Murphy, chairman; 
W. E. Stover, W. W. Knox. C. C. 
Kurtz, J. J. Raskob. 

Publicity — G. H. McGovern. chair- 
man, members of press committee 
when ik 

Reception — C. A. Rudolph, chair- 
man; H. W. Howell, L. V. Christy, W. 
P. White, A. I. Taylor, R. W. Crock, 
T. W. Wilson. 

Ladies' Committee — Mrs. H. W. 

Quarters — L. Y. Christy. 

Badges — F. W. Pierson, chairman; 
Ellwood Souder, Gen. I. P. Wivker- 

Exhibits — J. M. Horn, chairman; W. 
P. White, J. A. Montgomery, H. W. 
Briggs, James Kane. 

Society for the Promotion of Engi- 
neering Education. 

The twenty-first annual convention 
of the society was held last week at 
the University of Minnesota. College 
instructors who comprise a majority 
of the membership heard their meth- 
ods criticised by Ivy L. Lee, of the 
Pennsylvania railway. 

Until the colleges teach students 
that the highest and most effective re- 
sults at the lowest possible cost is the 
fundamental idea of commercial engi- 
neering they will continue to turn 
young engineers upon the country who 
are utterly incompetent for positions of 
trust and prominence, in the opinion 
of Mr. Lee. 

The solution of an existing unhappy 
i affairs, the speaker declared, 
lies in co-operation of industries and 
colleges. Establishment of technical 
schools in cities where industrial shops 
are available, he said, is the only way 
in which the young men of the country 
can get the practical ideas of engi- 
neering while attending school. In- 
dustrial companies are glad of an op- 
portunity to turn their shops over to 
students, Mr. Lee explained, but many 
college authorities have the idea that 
such experience is degrading and are 
not willing to allow the students to 
work in them. 

The nation wide better roads and 
highway movement had its inning at 
Papers were read 
by authorities of prominence urging 
the introduction of highway engineer- 
ing courses in all technical schools and 
colleges of the country. Profcs- r V 
II Blanchard of Columbia University 
pointed out the necessity of the in- 
troduction of such a course in the 
civil engineering curricula. 

essor Blanchard asserted that 
the prosperity of the nation depended 

largely upon the roads of the country 
and that no concentrated movement 
has been started to encourage the 
study of science of road improvement. 

Dean G. C. Anthony of Tuftus Col- 
lege, near Boston, was elected presi- 
dent of the society. Professor H. S. 
Jacoby, Cornell University, and Dean 
D. C. Humphreys, Washington and 
Lee College, were chosen vice-presi- 
dent-. H. 11. Norris, editor of Elec- 
trical World, and W. O. Wiley, both 
of New York City, were re-elected 
secretary and treasurer, respectively. 
Executive council elected is: H. W. 
Tyler. Massachusetts Technical Insti- 
tute; Dean J. F. Hayford, Northv 
ern University; Dean A. S. Langsdorf, 
Washington University; S. M. Wood- 
ward, Iowa University; Dean H. S. 
Ketchum, Colorado; E. P. Spalding, 
Missouri University, and P. F. Walker, 
Kansas University. 

The next annual meeting will be 
held in Princeton, N. J. 

International Association of Fire 

Applications have already been re- 
ceived for most of the available exhibi- 
tion space at the Fire Exposition, which 
will be held at the Grand Central Pal- 
ace. New Y'ork City, September 1-5, 
in conjunction with the forty-first an- 
nual convention of the International 
Association of Fire Engineers. Fire 
Commissioner Johnson and Chief John 
Kenlon of the New York Fire Depart- 
ment say that the exposition will prove 
a factor in educating the public in the 
best way to prevent and fight fires. 

The space on the main floor of the 
palace will be devoted to fire extin- 
guishing and life-saving apparatus. On 
Friday, Sept. 5, there will be a parade 
by the firemen, the biggest thing of the 
kind ever held in the country. On that 
day the Firemen's Monument of bronze 
and granite on Riverside Drive, which 
was provided for by popular subscrip- 
tion, will be unveiled. The monument 
represents a fire engine drawn by three 
plunging horses. The departments of 
many municipalities will be represented 
in the parade as well as a number of 
volunteer fire companies, among them 
the Citizens' Hose Company of Cat- 
skill, which has won several State As- 
sociation prizes. 

Association of County Highway Super- 
intendents of New York State. 

Sixty-five automobiles started out 
from M alone. N. Y.. at 1 o'clock Tune 
26, carrying 200 superintendents and 
road officials from various parts of the 
state. The party included the county 
superintendents of highways, assem- 
bled here for a state convention. The 
machines conveyed the visitors over 
seventy-five miles of state, county and 
town roads in Bangor. Burke. M 
and Constable. 

First Deputy State Commissioner 
Schultz, who made the trip, said that 
the roads were all in excellent condi- 
tion and that he was greatly pleased 
with the conditions he found. Countv 
Superintendent Howard, who has been 
in charge, has been warmly congratu- 
lated on his work. 

July Z, 1913 



State Commissioner John N. Carlisle 
arrived in the afternoon, and in an ad- 
dress to the superintendents urged 
them all to study carefully the condi- 
tions and to build roads accordingly, 
so that the public money would bring 
proper returns. 

American Society of Civil Engineers. 

The annual meeting of the Portland 
Chapter of the American Society of 
Civil Engineers was held June 18 at 
the Commercial Club, F. I. Fuller 
presiding. The society elected the fol- 
lowing officers for the ensuing year: 
President, E. P. Hopson; vice-presi- 
dents, W. S. Turner and D. D. Clarke; 
secretary, W. R. McGonigle; treasurer, 
G. B. Hegardt. The matter of secur- 
ing a competent city engineer under 
the Commission government was dis- 
cussed at considerable length, and it 
was decided that the time was ripe to 
secure a man of reputation and ability 
and pay him a sufficient salary. It was 
pointed out that Portland pays the 
smallest amount for engineering ser- 
vices of any city, that even the city of 
Sacramento, with only one-fourth the 
population of Portland, pays its city en- 
gineer $7,500, and he saves many times 
his salary. The amount of salary Port- 
land should pay a city engineer was 
discussed, and many of the members of 
the society expressed the belief that to 
secure the proper kind of an engineer 
the city should offer a salary of at 
least $10,000 a year, while other mem- 
bers felt that under no circumstances 
should the pay be less than $6,000 a 

After considerable discussion it was 
agreed that as the American Society of 
Civil Engineers is the representative 
engineering organization, it would be 
proper for the local chapter to offer 
the services of its board of directors to 
the new Commission government to 
confer with it as to the salary to pay 
a city engineer, and also to assist the 
Commission, if so desired, in finding 
a man fully qualified to fill the posi- 
tion of city engineer. 

International Association of Municipal 

The eighteenth annual convention of 
the International Association of Mu- 
nicipal Electricians will be held at 
Watertown, N. Y., Aug. 19 to 22, with 
headquarters at the New Woodruff 
Hotel. Among the subjects to be dis- 
cussed in the papers presented at this 
meeting will be fire-alarm and police 
signaling, electrical inspection, mu- 
nicipal lighting, electrolysis, joint use 
of poles, permissible voltages on over- 
head wires in cities, standardization of 
specifications for cables, and municipal 
ownership. A number of entertainment 
features are also planned for the dele- 
gates. For the convenience of those 
coming through New York City, special 
sleeping cars will leave the Grand Cen- 
tral Terminal at 9.30 and 11.30 p. m. 
Aug. 17 and 18, running through with- 
out change to Watertown. John W. 
Kelly. Jr., Camden. N. J„ is president 

of the association, and Mr. Clarence R. 
George, Houston, Tex., is secretary. 

American Society for Testing Materials. 

At the annual meeting of the society, 
Atlantic City, June 24, the following 
officers were elected: President, A. N. 
Talbot. Urbana, 111.; second vice-presi- 
dent, Richard Moldenke, Watchung. 
N. J.; secretary-treasurer, Edgar Mar- 
burg, University of Pennsylvania. 


Borden, Philip D., city engineer, of 
Fall River, Mass., has resigned after 
forty years of service. J. Edgar Bor- 
den has been appointed city engineer. 

Burk, William F., Trenton, N. J., has 
been re-elected president of the play- 
ground board. 

Campbell, Charles W., city engineer 
of St. Joseph, Mo., has resigned as en- 
gineer for the park board in which ca- 
pacity he has been acting for a few 

Dieck, Robert G., Portland, Ore., 
has been elected Commissioner for a 
term of four years under the new com- 
mission charter which went into ef- 
fect July 1. Mr. Dieck has had wide 
experience as a municipal official and 
a civil engineer. He is a graduate of 
the University of Pennsylvania and 
afterwards served in the highway and 
water departments of Philadelphia. 
For several years Mr. Dieck was city 
engineer of Manila, P. I., having un- 
usual authority and responsibility. 

Draney, Charles, Denver, Colo., for- 
merly superintendent of the municipal 
asphalt plant, has resigned to become 
manager for the agency of John Baker, 
paving materials, Chicago. 

Edgerton. Daniel M., Binghamton, X. 
V., has been appointed acting division 
engineer of the Sixth Division by Com- 
missioner of Highways John N. Car- 

Freeland, F. Eugene, Nashville, 
Tenn., has been elected bridge engi- 

Huddleson, F. M., Salt Lake City, 
Utah, has been appointed chief assist- 
ant engineer. 

Johnson, Albert, Dayton, O., has been 
appointed street superintendent. 

Mitchell, Karl M., River Forest, 111., 
has been appointed General Superin- 
tendent of the village by the Board of 

Schafer, Geo., New York City, has 
been appointed superintendent of high- 
ways for Livingston County, N. Y. 

Wehr, Albert H., Baltimore, Md., 
President of the Baltimore Suburban 
Sewerage Company, has resigned. 

Westinghouse, George, Pittsburgh, 
Pa., in recognition of his services in 
the engineering profession has the 
Grashof medal conferred on him at a 
meeting of the engineers of the German 
Empire recently held in Berlin. 

White, James Paul. 
Ind., has been appointed chiel 
Fire Investigation Bureau. 

Wilcox, Delos F., New York City, 
who has severed his connection with 
the Public Service Commission, will 
engage in private practice as a con- 
sulting franchise and public utility ex- 
pert. Dr. Wilcox is prepared to un- 
dertake services of the following 
kinds: The making of franchise sur- 
veys, the formulation of franchise pol- 
icies, the drafting or criticism of pub- 
lic utility legislation and franchise sec- 
tions of city charters, the negotiation 
of franchise settlements, the drafting 
or criticism of franchise contracts and 
ordinances, the delivery of public ad- 
dresses on franchise and public utility 
policies. His office is 108 Bennett 
Building, 93 Nassau street. 

Wright, Thomas J., Churchland, Va., 

has been appointed by the city water 
commission of Portsmouth, Va., chief 

Denver, Colorado. — The following ap- 
pointments have been made, Secretary 
to the Mayor, F. D. Stackhouse; chief 
engineer, H. F. Merryweather; First 
Assistant Engineer, W. D. Salter; Dep- 
uty Highway Commissioner, Wm. A. 
Sheriff; Secretary to Board of Public 
Works, Fred Lockwood; Secretary to 
Deputy Highway Commissioner, James 
Crosby; Superintendent of Street 
Sprinkling, Patrick Clifford; Superin- 
tendent of Municipal asphalt plant, W. 

B. McGilvray. 

Jacksonville, Fla. — Committee on 
Finance — S. L. Chapman, chairman; J. 

C. Connally and J. B. Lucy. Committee 
on Sanitation — W. R. Sebring, chair- 
man; John W. DuBose and W. C. War- 
rington. Committee on Fire Protec- 
tion — Albert J. Bucky, chairman; J. B. 
Lucy and George M. Price. Committee 
on Electricity — George W. Brock, 
chairman; S. L. Chapman and J. M. 
Peeler. Committee on Water — B. B. 
Shields, chairman; J. C. Connally and 
W. R. Sebring. Committee on Public 
Service — L. G. Hitchcolk, chairman; S. 
L. Chapman and John W. DuBois. 
Committee on Parks and Boulevards — 
J. C. Connally, chairman; L. G. Hitch- 
colk, George M. Price, George W. 
Brock and W. C. Warrington. . 

Jersey City, N. J. — Mayor and Chief 
of the Department of Public Affairs — 
Mark M. Fagan. Department of Pub- 
lic Safety — Frank Hague. Department 
of Revenue and Finance — George F. 
Brensinger. Department of Street and 
Public Improvements — James J. Fer- 
ris. Department of Parks and Public 
Property — A. Harry Moore. City Clerk 
— Michael I. Fagen. 

Beacon, N. Y. — This city newly or- 
ganized, consisting of the former vil- 
lages of Fishkill Landing and Matte- 
wan, has held its first election. Beacon 
is the first city in the state to adopt the 
commission form of government. James 
A. Frost was elected mayor. James 
Sherman, commissioner of Public 
Works; / lbert S. Peacock, commission- 
er of Finance. 



Vol. XXXV. No. 1 


Hydraulic System of Gasoline Storage. 

Oil £ 

mci. New York, make a variety 

.,i outfits for the safe storage of gaso- 

■ I other oils, as well as safety 

.isoline from 




getting into sewers and supplying the 
material for dangerous explosions. The 
separating device and the causes which 
led up to its adoption will be described 
in a later article. The device here 
described allows the gasoline to be 
stored and handled in a safe way. 

The principle of operation in the 
hydraulic system depend upon the dif- 
ference in specific gravity of water and 
oil. For example 12 inches of water 
alance approximately 17 inches 
of gasoline. Referring to the illustra- 
I'he main tank is the 
tank. The small receptacle on 
the left above is the gasoline filler. A 
n the adjoining pipe shows the 
level of the gasoline. Water enters 
through the small water 
the upper right. Below it is thi 
ontrolling valve and a pipe leading to 
in There is a check valve in 
the elbow below 1 1 filler. 

In preparing the system foi 
tinn. it is first filled with water by rais- 
ing the lever of the water-controlling 
valve. 'This single movement closes 
the port leading to the \\ 
charge pipe and opens the port lead- 
tin- water-float-box. and allows 
the water to pass from the float box 

i the valve to the bottom of the 
leg of the storage tank and up this leg 
into the tank, where it strikes a de- 
flector and spreads evenly. The enter- 
ing water displaces the air, forcing it 
up the gasoline delivery-pipe and out 
of the delivery nozzle. Keep the lever 
tip until water appears in the gauge- 
glass and then the tank is full of 
water and all air expelled. Drop the 
U\er; this single movement closes the 
port "i the water-controlling valve 
which communicates with float-box, 
and opens the port which communi- 
cates with water-discharge-pipe, thus 
allowing the water in the gasoline pipe 
above the water-controlling valve to 
return to the storage tank, and dis- 
charge an equal volume of water i n t ■ ■ 
the sewer. The system is then ready to 
receive gasoline. 

To fill with gasoline unscrew the 
plug in the gasoline filler and pour in 
the gasoline. The gasoline passes 
down the piping into the top of the 
storage tank, where it strikes a de- 
flector and spreads evenly over the 
surface of the water, forcing the water 
out of the tank through the water 
pipe and water-controlling valve to 
tin' sewer. 

Gasoline can be poured in until the 
storage tank is completely full of gaso- 
line, but it cannot be overfilled, 
thereby forcing the gasoline into the 
sewer, because the water column from 
the water-controlling valve down the 
pipe to a point level with the bottom 
of the storage tank is of sufficient 
length to balance a column of gasoline 
from the bottom of the storage tank up 
to the top of the gasoline filler. There- 
fore, when the tank is full of gaso- 
line no more can be poured in, because 
i: will overflow at the tiller, the same 
as any other full tank. 

To draw gasoline raise the lever of 
the water-controlling valve. This 
closes the water discharge port and 
opens the port connecting the float- 
ing, and allows water to pass into the 
tank under the gasoline and force the 
gasoline from the top of the tank out 
of the delivery nozzle. When desired 
amount has been drawn, release the 
lever and the flow will instantly stop. 

and the gasoline in the delivery pipe j 
will return to the storage tank. 

Owing to the swing check valve in ' 
the filler pipe, no liquid can be forced 
up this pipe. After all the gasoline has 
been drawn, water will tlow up the de- 
livery ]• | same level as the . 
water in the float-box or about 6 
inches below the level from which the 
gasoline is drawn. ' Therefore, no 
water can be drawn with gasoline from 
the system. The available head of 
water is kept constant by the float and 
valve in the float-box, which is con- 
nected with the city water supply. 

Kelley Motor Combination Hose and 
Chemical Apparatus. 
The motor-driven combination chem- 
ical and hose wagon shown in the il- 
lustration is one of the three in ser- 
vice in the Springfield, O., fire depart- 
ment, which were built by the Kelley 
Motor Truck Co., of that city. All 
three of these machines respond to 
every alarm. Chief S. F. Hunter, of 
the department, says they are back in 
their houses ready to answer another 
alarm from 20 to 30 minutes sooner 
than is usual with horse-drawn appar- 
atus. This he considers the essentially 
valuable feature of this class of vehi- 


cles. The wagon bodies are mount- 
ed on a one-ton chassis which has the 
general features of the heavier Kelley 
trucks. Most notable, perhaps, of the 
peculiarities of the machine, which 
should be considered in view of the 
service records of the fire trucks at 
Springfield, is the cooling system. The 


July 3, 1913 



cylinders of the engine, of which there 
are four, are cooled by a blast of air 
from a centrifugal blower which is an 
integral part of the motor. Referring 
to the illustration, a phantom side 
view, the course of the air blast, 
through the aluminum pipe and cylin- 
der jackets is shown. Air is forced 
■own over the cylinders, cooling the 
exhaust valves as well as the cylinder 
walls, and escapes at the bottom of the 
jackets as indicated by the arrows. The 
shape of the conductor pipe equalizes 
the cooling, the fourth cylinder re- 
ceiving exactly the same blast as the 
first. The total weight is but a frac- 
tion of that of a water-cooled system. 

Reinforced Concrete Pipe. 

L. S. Gelser & Son, Fillmore. N. Y.. 
make a reinforced concrete pipe shown 
in the illustration. The reinforcement 
consists of six strands of No. 8 wire 
spliced so as to form substantial wire 
hoops. These concrete pipes as usual 
are made in two foot lengths and have 
a tongue and groove joint. The pipe 
has been used for four years on cul- 
verts. This year about 1,000 feet of 
24 and 30 inch pipe are being used in 
a sewer in Watkins, N. Y. These 
pipes are made by skilled men; con- 
crete is mixed by machinery; washed 
sand and gravel, pure water and the 
best Portland cement are used. The 
proportions are 2\' 2 parts sand and 
gravel to 1 part cement.- Pipe are 
made in eight sizes. The 8-inch has 
lj^-inch thick shell and weighs 44 
pounds per foot. The 24-inch has 3- 
inch shell, and weighs 240 pounds. The 
36-inch weighs 460 pounds and is 3f4 
inches thick. 


Cast Iron Pipe. — Chicago. Foundries 
are particularly lacking in orders for 
large sizes of pipe. Price for the small- 
er sizes are firm. Quotations: 4-inch, 
$28.50; 6 to 12-inch, $26.50; 16-inch and 
up, $25.50. Birmingham. Further cur- 
tailment of production is reported. 
Small quantities for extensions repre- 
sent about the only business and prices 
are said to be shaded to secure them. 
Quotations: 4-inch. $21: 6-inch and up, 
$20, New York. City is considering 
bids for 15,000 tons. General buying 
has improved somewhat. 

Lead. — Quotations: New York, 4.35c; 
St. Louis, 4.225c. 

New Pavement. — John A. McGarry 
& Co., 1001 Security Building, Chicago, 
111., are patentees and contractors for 
pavement, a sample of which was laid 
last fall at Kenilworth, 111. The pave- 
ment is called bituminated cemented 
macadam. The base is a six-inch lay- 
er of crushed stone. The wearing sur- 
face is three inches thick made as fol- 
lows: Two-inch broken stone is spread 
and rolled to proper contour. A dry 
cementitious binder is spread over the 
stone and washed in with water. The 
road is closed for a week and sprinkled 
with water at intervals. Tarvia is 
poured over the surface, using \y 2 gal- 
lons per square yard. This is covered 
with a liberal coating of torpedo sand. 

Hydrants and Valves. — The Holy- 
oke Hydrant & Valve Company have 
recently purchased new property on 
Race street, Holyoke, Mass. The 
property is on the tracks of the Bos- 
ton & Maine railroad, and comprises 
about twenty thousand square feet of 
land. The Holyoke Hydrant & Valve 
Company has been very successful 
during recent years and the growing 
business necessitates more room. 
Within a year, a four-story mill build- 
ing will be erected and the surplus 
space leased to others desiring manu- 
facturing space and railroad frontage. 


Clay Pipe. — Ii there is any one ar- 
ticle handled by the building material 
dealer of which there seems to be a 
decided shortage, it is sewer pipe. Re- 
ports from the factories indicate that 
the recent advance in discounts has 
caused no diminution in the number 
of orders. No accumulation of stocks 
is noted, and orders are coming in 
faster than the goods can be made. 
There is no question but that the ad- 
vance on pipe so far this season has 
been greater than on any other class 
of building material. Yet there is a 
continued heavy demand, and relief in 
the way of lower prices does not seem 
to be in sight. 

Rapid Transit Engineering. — The 
tendency of city governments to real- 
ize their responsibility, with regard to 
planning future rapid transit facilities, 
is illustrated by the recent appoint- 
ment of A. Merritt Taylor as director 
of a new department of city transit in 
Philadelphia. A year ago, Mr. Taylor 
took up the investigation, for Mayor 
Blankenburg's administration, of the 
transportation deficiencies and its 
future needs with special reference to 
subway and elevated extensions. He 
enlisted the services of the firm of 
Ford, Bacon & Davis, consulting engi- 
neers, from New York, who specialize 
in the transit problems. Their re- 
port is said to be a source of satis- 
faction to the Blankenburg adminis- 

tration on account of the scientific man- 
ner in which it has been prepared, and 
on account of the practical solutions 
of the problems involved which are 
suggested. Those who are familiar 
with its findings and recommendations 
believe that it sets a new standard and 
will, when it is published, furnish an 
example to other cities concerning the 
problem of inadequate transportation 

General Asphalt Company. — The Gen- 
eral Asphalt Company held a board of 
directors meeting at New York City on 
June 21. James Lewis Rake, secretary; 
Ira Atkinson, treasurer; F. A. Warren, 
auditor, and P. B. Steens, general coun- 
sel, retired from the board and the va- 
cancies were filled by the election of 
Henry W. Biddle, Rudolph Ellis, Syd- 
ney F. Tyler and William D. Winsor. 

Saurer Trucks. — Indicative of the 
expansion of the automobile truck busi- 
ness is the purchase by the Saurer 
Motor Company, Charles P. Coleman, 
president, of the plant of the Man- 
ganese Steel Safe Company, in West 
Front street, Plainfield, N. J., near the 
Clinton avenue station of the Central 
Railroad of New Jersey. The purchas- 
ing company has its plant adjoining the 
property just acquired, and it is an- 
nounced that its output will be doubled. 
The Saurer Motor Company was in- 
corporated several months ago with a 
capital of $1,600,000, and is an amalga- 
mation of several automobile truck 
companies. It is reported tha t the 
company has expended $250,000 on its 
plant and a considerable additional 
sum will be spent on the property just 
acquired. The Manganese Steel Safe 
Company's property was held at $500.- 
000, and it is reported that approxi- 
mately this sum was obtained. Both 
the old plant and the one just pur- 
chased have switching privileges. 

Street Lighting Fixtures. — J. W. 
Bache, formerly New York manager 
for the Morris Iron Company, Fred- 
erick, Md., has been appointed general 
eastern agent for the Morris Iron & 
Steel Co., Frederick, Md., with head- 
quarters 50 Church street, New York 
City. The Morris Iron & Steel Co. is 
one of the largest manufacturers of 
ornamental street lighting fixtures in 
the country and besides make other 
street castings and conduct a general 
foundry business. 

Diesel Engines. — Since the expiration 
of the Diesel patents last year there 
has been active preparation in this 
country for extensive manufacture of 
this type of internal-combustion engine. 
Among the concerns planning to put 
out these engines are the Busch-Sulzer 
Company, of St. Louis, Mo.; the Ful- 
ton Iron Works, also of St. Louis, Mo.; 
the Electric Boat Company; the Otto 
Gas Engine Company, of Philadelphia, 
Fa.: the Lyons-Atlas Company, of In- ' 
dianapolis, Ind.; the Dow-Williams 
Diesel Engine Company, of San Fran- 
cisco, Cal., and the International Steam 
Pump Company, of New York. 



Vol. XXXV, No. 1 

Weekly C 





To be of value this matter must be printed in the number Immediately following Its receipt, which makes It Impos- 
sible for us to verify It all. Our sources of Information are believed to be reliable, but we cannot guarantee the correct- 
ness of all Items. Parties In charge of proposed work are requested to send us Information concerning It as •a.rly as 
possible; also correction of any errors discovered. 






ig J. H. Van Stone. 

. Vit. brick, 11,000 yds s. B. Phenicie, Pres. Council. 

. Paving Cedar St city Clk. 

. Wood block; cost, $175,000. Repairing asphalt and vit. 

brick; cost, $100,000 Dir. B. Wks. 

.Vit. brick or asphaltic concrete, 18,000 yds Bd. Pub. Wks. 

. Imp. 10 miles highway Co. Comm. 

. Bit. macadam, etc Vil. Clk. 

.Concrete sidewalk, 10 blocks Vil. Clk. 

. Gravel roads J. R. Haines, Co. Aud. 

. Gravel roads H. L. Knox, Co. Aud. 

. Limestone roads \V. Mankev, Co. Aud. 

. . Highway, 3.25 miles J. F. Mitchell, Clk. 

. .Sidewalks J. J. Hayes. Mayor. 

. . Concrete walks Mayor. 

. . Paving alleys R. c Hill, City Aud. 

. State highway, 13 miles; cost, $18.000 T. J. Ehrhart. Comr. Hwy. 

, . Macadamizing G. B. Keller, Vil. Clk. 

. . Concrete pavements, 7 streets Hugh Blair, Chief Burgess 

. . Asphaltic concrete A. T. Pertey, 

. . Sidewalks E. D. Nelson, C. Clk. 

. Amesite, warrenite or other pavement, 11,000 yds F. O. Rankey, Ch. Gomm. 

. Amesite, 15,000 yds J. C. Morgan, Ch. Comm. 

.Pavement, S,000 sq. yds G. H. McGinness. Boro. Eng. 

. Oil macadam, 3 miles, cost $9,000 J. G. McMillin, Co. Surv. 

. Highway, 7 miles G. W. Smith, Co. Aud. 

. Imp. 10 miles highway Good Roads Comm. 

. Bitulithlc. 2.750 sq. yds R. F. Davis, Town Clk. 

. Road ditches, several miles R. E. Snowden. Hwy. Engr. 

. Paving two roads G. W. Stoner, Co. Aud. 

. Improving East Broad St C. Clk. 

.Vitrified brick, 13,000 sq. yds O. H. Gardner. City Clk. 

. Highway Bd. of Supervisors. 

. Macadam, 47 miles; grading, 30 miles Clk. Bd. Supervisors. 

■ Concrete pavements H. Blair, Chief Burgess 

.Hard surface pavement. 11.310 sq. yds., etc J. L. Bower, Co. Engr. 

■ Asphaltic concrete, 26,000 sq. yds M. J. Bouldin. Mayor. 

. Imp. road A. J. Calvert, Ch. 

. Gravel road, Chester Township D. Showalter, Co. Aud. 

. Highways A. G. Fisher, Co. Aud. 

. Stone and gravel roads E. H. Kimball. Co. Aud. 

■ Vit. brick, wood, &c, 14.000 yds L. B. James, C. Recorder. 

• Improving roads Co. Comrs. 

. Gravel roads J. T. Scott Co. Aud. 

Is T. E. Elder. Co. Aud. 

highway, 1.27 miles D. B. Cannon. Clk. Conns. 

. Highway No. 5 Co. Comrs. 

PT»nite. brick, etc. 17,300 sq. yds B. Keating. Secy. 

. Vitrified brick, 11,000 yds K. M. Cosgrove. C. Bng. 

.Vit. brick G. L. Farnsworth, 

1 block. 523 lin. ft Municipal Bd. 

. Brick or asphalt block. S,7.i0 yds F. Marsh. C. Eng. 

■ Curbing and drainage i". J. Reusche. C. Clk. 

. Vit. brick, 550 yds R. W. Mclnnes, I !h. B L. I. 

ete, sidewalks, i ft J. Martin. May..]-. 

■ Vit. brick, wood or grain ,,i concrete E. B. Flrieh. C. Eng. 

It macadam ion bridge J. B. McCloskv. 

.Gravel. 2% miles G. W. Baxter, Co. An. I 

Gravel roads P. Sater. Co. And. 

.Paving highway C. P. Beard. Co. And. 

1 Lve F. A. Reimer. Co. Engr. 

. Gravel road C. A. Johnson. Co. And 

.Concrete sidewalks; nisi. .... F. N. Rutherford. I 

E. S. Bosley. - 

.Concrete and asphalt E. B. Merritt. C. Clk. 

.Paving: 100 Comrs. 

ads F. A. Hausheer, Co. And. 

dam, 2,000 lin. ft .1 R. Thatcher. Dir. 

.1. L. O'Bannon, Co. Aud. 

.Imp. road C. J. Sanzenbaoher. Co. And 

.Paving 3 highways R. .1. Cunningham. Co. Comrt 

culverts s. Struble. Pres. 

(In Brooklyn yard) Navy Dept. 

. Highwty I on, Co. Aud 

• Vit. brick E. Koehl, C. Clk. 

. Curb and gutters. 750 ft ' : Marriott. Twnshp. Clk. 

i Ave. P. H. Connollv. C 

M. F. Brooks. .lodge 

s.ono lin. ft A. P. Erickson, Co. And. 

.Brick, tar mi yds F. H. Daniels, Vil. Clk. 

hlghwav C Sedgwick. Co. Aud 

. Gravel road, 5H miles OH. Brown, Co. Aud 

Conn., Bridgeport ....noon. July '• 

Pa., Johnstown B p.m., July 7 

111.. Peoria 2 p.m., July 7 

Pa., Philadelphia July 7 

Fla., Sarasota Fuly 7 

N. C, Hillsboro 11 a.m.. July 7 

O.. Wauseon noon. July 7 

111.. Atkinson 7 p.m.. July 7 

Ind., Mount Vernon Tulv 7 

Ind., Franklin 2 p.m., July 7 

Ind., Fowler 1 p.m., July 7 

Fla., Titusvllle 2 p.m., July 7 

Vicksburg Inly 7 

Kv.. Hazard July 7 

N. D., Dickinson 3 p.m. July 7 

Col., Denver July 7 

O., Oakwood noon July 7 

Pa., Chester 10 a.m. Julv 7 

Ind., South Bend.... 7.80 p.m. July 7 

Mo.. East Lynn July 7 

Pa., So. Bethlehem. .. .8 p.m.. July 7 

Pa., Bethlehem 8 p.m., July 7 

Pa., McKees Rocks .. .8 p.m., July 7 

Cal., San Jose July 7 

Ind., Vevay 1 p.m.. Julv 7 

N. C, Chapel Hill July 7 

N. J., Bloomfield July 7 

N. C-. New Bern noon, Julv 7 

Ind.. Jeffersonville. .10 a.m., July 7 

N. J., Westfleld July 7 

N. T., Elmira 11 a.m.. July 7 

Ariz.. Clifton July 7 

Va., Marlon July 7 

Pa.. Eddystone 10 a.m.. July 7 

N J.. Elizabeth 3 p.m., July 8 

Miss., Clarksdale July 8 

Kan., Olathe noon. Julv 8 

Ind., Wabash 1.30 p.m.. July 8 

Ind.. Monticello 10 a.m., July 8 

■♦nd.. Marion Tuly 8 

Miss., Grenada July 8 

N. D., Bismarck July S 

Ind.. Vlncennes 2 p.m. Julv 8 

Tnd., Rockvllle 1.30 p.m.. July 8 

Md.. Salisbury noon. July 8 

Wash., South Bend July S 

Conn.. Bridgeport .... S p.m., Ju 

noon Julv 8 

in . Ottawa Tuiv s 

Me., Bangor 7.30 p.m.. Julv 8 

N. J., Railway lulv S 

la., cllnton 8 p.m., .1 ' 

111 . Belvidere. . . 7.30 p m., July B 

da, Regina noon. Julv 9 


Cal., Ventura i 

tnd., i July 9 

Ind.. Columbus in 

Ind.. Evansville. ruly in 

N\ J.. Newark 10 a.m., July 10 

Ind.. Crown Point N . 

Canada, Merrlton July 10 

Md., Towaon n 

Cal., Anaheim 8 pro.. Julv 10 

11).. Ottawa lulv in 

Ind.. I .in a.m.. J 

N. J.. Phillin -'■■ July 11 

Ind.. Corydon 2 p.m., Julv li 

O.. Toledo 10 a in.; Julv 11 

Pa., Pittsburgh in am. Julv 11 

I 1 1 I v 11 

i ■ ' ' '.'.' tshington 

Minn.. Duln' ruly 12 

O., Ashland Fuly 12 


Wis.. Radio July 13 

Ala.. Brev i ;iv 14 

Minn.. Minne lulv 14 

eenwlch . . July 14 

Ind.. South Bend 11 a.m.. Julv 14 

Ind., Fort Wayne... 10 a.m.. Julv 15 

July 3, 1913. MUNICIPAL JOURNAL 31 



Pa., Nottingham E p.m., July 15 .. Macadam, 1.75 miles j. a. Kimball, Secv 

Va., Norfolk 1 p.m. July 15.. Granite blocks, l,4uo tons; curbing, 6.S00 feet W. T. Brooks. C Ene 

Neb., David City July 15. . Pavement, 32.UOO sq. yds Bruce & Standevin, Engrs 

N. J., Ridgefleld Park July 15. .Imp. Hazelton st ji. j_). Starker, Clk. 

X. Y., Niagara Falls July 15. . Paving number of streets Bd. of Pub. Wks 

.Minn.. Minneapolis. . .10 a.m., July 15 .. Concrete road. 2.91 miles A. P. Erickson, Co. Au.l 

Del., Wilmington noon, July 15 . . Waterbound macadam, 4 roads jas. Wilson, Comr 

Neb., Grand Island.... 8 p.m. July 16.. Paving 10,400 sq. yds C. Council. 

Ala., Elba July 16. . Surfacing i miles road; cost, $4,000 W. S. Kellar, St. Hwy Engi 

O., Cincinnati noon, July IS.. Oiling roads S. Struble, Pres. Comrs. 

Pa., Chester 8 p.m.. July 21. .Paving. 150.000 sq. yds Wm. Provost, Jr., Ch. Comm 

la., Bloomfleld July 24. -Brick, asphaltic concrete, Portland cement, 5,000 sq. yds. A. B. Welch, City Clk. 


Pa., Duquesne Noon. July 5.. Sewer L. w. Francis, Ch. 

S. D., Mitchell S p.m., July 7.. Sewers, 1,331 ft. 8-in N. H. Jensen, C. Aud 

Minn., Winona July 7. . Vit. pipe, 1,100 ft. 8-in H. B. Walling, C. Eng. 

S. D.. Platte July 7 . . Constrn. drains F. P. Swann, City Aud. 

la., Nevada July 7. .Vit. pipe, 4,600 ft. S and 10-in R. A. Davis, C. Clk. 

la., Muscatine 7.30 p.m., July 7. .Vit. pipe City Recorder. 

Okla., Tulsa July 7. .Sanitary sewers T. C. Hughes, C. Eng. 

N. D„ Fargo July 8 .. Sewers, several streets City Comm. 

Minn., Shakopee 8 p.m., July 8 . . Extending sewer system A. T. Dell, City Record 

O., Cambridge noon July 8.. Vitrified pipe, 13,500 ft., 5 and 8 in K. M. Cosgrove, C. Eng. 

X. Y., Bronxville 8 p.m., July 8.. Extension of sewers G. H. Rogers, Eng. 

Wis., Janesville 2 p.m., July 8.. Vit. pipe, 2,300 ft. 8-in.. etc J. A. Fathers, Ch. B. P W 

N. C, Dunn July 8. .Sewers, 6 miles, 8 to 24-inch M. L. Wade, Jr., Mayor. 

Ind., Geneva 9 a.m., July 9.. Pipe sewers, 10 to 36-inch, 7,218 ft.; concrete headwalL.W. A. Wells, Twn Clk. 

N. Y., Schenectady. .2. .10 p.m., July 9. . Sewers F. E. Johnson, Sec' Bd. C. & S. 

O., Shelby noon, July 9 . . Sewage treatment plant B. Fix, Vil. Clk. 

X. Y., Binghamton. . . .4 p.m. July 9.. Vitrified pipe F. M. Hopkins, C. Clk. 

la., Oskaloosa July 9 . . Storm sewers E. F. Bridges, C. Eng. 

N. Y., Schenectady . .2.30 p.m., July 9.. Disposal works, tanks, filters, drying beds, sterilizing 

devices, etc F. E. Johnson, Secy. 

N. Y., New York 11 a.m., July 9.. Vit. pipe number sts A. E. Steers, Boro. Pres. 

O., Euclid Noon, July 14. .Sewers F. H. Shoaff, Vil. Clk. 

Me., Portland Noon, July 14. . Intercepting sewers B. Bradbury, Comr. 

Ind., Logansport 10 a.m. July 15 . . District sewer Bd. of Pub. Wks. 

N. J., Newark 2 p.m., July 15. . .-•ion e l'cii concrete nipe. 4.500 ft., etc Passaic Valley Sewage Ci . 

La., New Orleans July 15 .. Extension to pumping station F. S. Shields. 

O., Cambridge July 15 . . Sewage disposal plant J. A. Leyshon, Dir. P. Serv. 

Minn., Chisholm July 16. . Disposal works Vil. Engr. 

Md„ Pocomoke City July 21. .Sewers; cost, $60,000 T. C. Hatton, Engr. 

N. Y., White Plains.. 2 p.m., July 21.. Sewer treatment plant Bronx Valley Comm. 

Mo., Webster Groves July 21.. Vitrified pipe and disposal plant; cost, $20,000 W. A. Fuller, C. Eng. 

Pa., North Braddock. .3 p.m., July 21 . . iewer G. S. Siefers, Boro. Eng. 

La., New Orleans July 28. . Extending drainage pumping station r. s. Shields, Secy. 

La., New Orleans July 28. .Underground conduit, gates, etc F. S. Shields, Secy. 

N. J„ Newark 2 p.m., July 29 .. Sections' 6 & 19, main intercepting sewer Passaic Val. Sew. Comrs. 


Neb., Neleigh July 5 . . Triplex pump, oil engine, etc O. Hauser, Clk. 

III., Rock Island 9 a.m., July 5.. Water main. 12-in H. M. Schriver, Mayor. 

111., South Bartonville . 3 p.m., July 7 . . Cast-iron pipe, etc F. D. Whipp, Superv. 

N. Y., Niagara Falls . . 4 p.m.. July 7 . . Water mains F. S. Parkhurst, Jr., C. Eng. 

Xeb., Auburn July 7 . . C. I. pipe, 640 ft., 4-in L. H. Kuper, C. Clk. 

X. Y.. Newburg 7 p.m. July 7. . Laying 1,600 ft. C. I. pipe C. Stanton, Supt. 

111., Galesburg July 7 .. Boilers, two 150 H. P W. L. Boutelle, C. Clk. 

Mich.. Big Rapids. . . .5 p.m., July 7. . Cast-iron pipe, 6.000 ft. 10 and 12-in H. J. Ward, Pres. B. P. W. 

Canada, St. Rose July 7 .. Waterworks, pumps, filters, &c J. A. Jolly, Secy. 

Miss., Gulfport July 7. . Artesian well P. S. Hughes. Clk. 

Cal., Tulare July 7 . . Pumping plant E. Oakford, City Clk. 

S. D., Mitchell 8 p.m., July 7. . Cast-iron pipe. 950 ft H. N. Jensen, City Aud. 

O.. Painesville Noon, July 8.. Water purification works. 3.000.000 gal. capacity S. A. Haskell, Dir. Pub. Ser. 

Mass., E. Longmeadow.2 p.m., July S..C.-L pipe, 10,500 ft. 7S-in.; 15,600 ft. 6-in. hydrants, gates. 

&c T. C. Burton, Ch. 

Mo.. Monroe 1 p.m.. July 8 .. Waterworks and sewers G. W. Tompkins, C. Clk. 

N. Y., New York 2 p.m., July 8.. Fire hydrants and valves; 1,200 each J. W. F Bennett, Dep'y Com; 

Neb., Benkelman July 8. . C. I. pipe, 3 miles, tower, pumps, wells, etc Bd. Trustees. 

0, Painesville Julv 8.. Filter plant, 3,000,000 gals, capacity S. A. Haskell. Dir. P. S. 

O., Cleveland Heights July 8 . . C. I. pipe, 8-in H. H. Canfield. Vil. Clk. 

O., Bedford noon, July 8 . . Water mains C. C. Lowe, Vil. Clk. 

Minn., Hammond July 8. .Waterworks O. Claussen, Eng. Co., St. Paul 

111., Chicago 11 a.m., July 8. . Lead pipe, 50 tons L. E. McGann, Comr. 

Canada, Toronto July S . . Pumping station H. C. Hocken, Mayor. 

X. Y.. Lockpori Julv ti . . C. I. pipe. 12-in City Clk. 

O., Cleveland noon, July 10 . . Lead-covered cable W. J. Springoorn. Dir. P. S. 

Del.. Milton July 10 .. Two pumps and sas eng.. deep wells, pipe tank, etc I. C. Palmer, C. Clk. 

N. C. Raleigh July 10. . Dam. settling tank, 10.000 ft. cast-iron pipe, etc City Comrs. 

O., Akron noon, July 1 1 .. Cleaning and grubbing 397 acres R. M. Pillmore. Dir. 

111., Riverside 8 p.m., July 14. . Water mains, etc E. S. Burling, Pres. 

Xeb.. Homer 2 p.m.. July 15. . Waterworks J. L. Blanchard, Vil. Clk. 

Canada, Victoria July 15. . Reinforced concrete pipe, 27 1 - miles Comrs. 

Cal., Sacramento. .11.30 a.m., Julv 15 .. Turbine pumping outfit, 450 HP M. J. Desmond. C. Clk. 

N. D., May ville 10 a.m., July 15 . . Addition tr, waterworks C. G. Vangen, City Aud. 

I). C, Washington ... .2 p.m.. July 16. . Cast-iron pipe. 2.370 tons Dist. Comrs. 

.Minn., Duluth noon. Julv 16. . Concrete reservoir C. S. Palmer, C. Clk. 

X. Y., White Plains...) p.m., July 16.. Current meter. 10-in Comrs. 

Minn.. Duluth noon. Julv 17. . Electrically driven pumping machinery L Merritt. Comr. 

Xeb.. Lyons 10 a.m., Julv 17. . Standpipe, cast-iron pipe, etc . J. F. Piper, Chr. Trustees. 

111.. Gravs Lake 8 p.m.. Julv IS.. Tubular well G. G. White, Clk. 

Cal., Burlingame 8 p.m., July 21 . . 1 listribution system Bd. of Trustees. 

Rocky River Julv 22. .Laving mains ' F. Mitchell. Vil. Clk. 

Okla.. Oklahoma City July 25. .Pumping plant, etc. at U. S. P. O Superv. Arch. 

01, Bexley July 28..C.-i. pipe, S miles 6 to 10-in.; valves, hydrants, meters, &c. A. E. Kimberly, Engr. 


Kan., Topeka 9.30 a.m., July 7. . Ornamental lighting, several streets C. B. Burge, C. Clk. 

X. J.. East Orange.... 8 p.m., July 7.. Police telegraph svstem "• Deignan. Secy. 

Minn. Detroit Julv 7. . Ornamental electroliers. 60 E. J. Bestick. C. Clk. 

Oa., La Grange 5 p.m.. Julv 8. .Municipal water gas plant J D Edmundson. Mayor. 

O., Cleveland noon. July 8 .. Centrifugal pumps, heater, cranes & weighing machines. W. J. Springborn, Dir. P. S. 

Sask., Regina Xoon, July 12.. Two motor driven centrifugal pumps City Comrs. 

Miss., Bilbxi Julv 15. .lighting city Pascal Meaut, Ch. Light. Com 

Mo.. Albany Julv 15 .. Electric light improvements: cost. 519,000 C. E. Gibboney, Clk. 

N. D„ Mayvllle 10 a.m.. July 15 .. Equipping electric light plant C. J. Van Gen, C. Aud. 

Neb.. Grand Island July 16. . Cable and 131 poles W P. Downer, Eng. 

N. Y.. Binghamton 4 p.m., Julv 16. .Municipal electric lighting plant F. M. Hopkins, City Clk. 



Vol. XXXV, No. 1 






• ne pumping I «'. ll. Rudolph, Comr. 

. Motor »i- Stockman, Twn. Clk. 

triple comb, apparatus Fire Comr. 

. Motor comb, hose and ladder truck H. H. Canfleld, VU. Clk. 

. Fire house G. B. La Barre, Dir. 

IB I '. P 

. Fire hose. 1.500 ft. 2 '.-in -M. .1. Winters. Ch. Comm. 

.Motor propelled steam eng >r comb, engine. ... J. G. Schuler, Chf. 


. Bridge and approaches H. L. Snyder, Secy. 

. Concrete bridge City Eng. 

.Concrete bridge J. G. McMillan, Co. Surv. 

reed concrete arch bridge I. L. Bower. Co. Engr. 

.Concrete retaining walls O. H. Gardner, C. Clk. 

ite bridge Co. Conns. 

. Concrete bridges, seven S 

' J. T. Scott, Co. Aud. 

.Concrete floor H. G. Hough, Dir. Freeh 

. Concrete arch bridge J. F. Goldenbogen, Clk. 

over creek I. I. Albertson, Co. 

o bridge J. M. Corlies. Dir. 

. Concrete bridges, 80 ft. and 40 ft ./. Doughty. Co. Eng. 

rete bridge, 2,500 cu. yds B. F. Groves, Pres. Court. 

. Four concrete bridges, 100 ft. long J. R. Bowdre. Co. Clk. 

.Two reinforced concrete bridges J- A. Father. Ch. Bd. Pub. \. 

. Number of bridges E. H. Kimball. Co. Aud. 

. Bridges S. Struble. Pres. Comrs. 

. Concrete bridge, 35 ft. span, 2" ft. wide G. W. Hoffman, C. Recorder. 

. Bridge over creek _. C. J. Sanzenbac er, Auditor. 


. City Hall City Engr. 

.Motor trucks, one to ten . . M. G. Zalinski, Q. If. 

.Four concrete retaining walls O. H Gardner, City Clk. 

.Drinking fountains with cooling apparatus, [our Bd. of Contract & Supplv. 

.Two ten-ton rollers, steam or gasoline B. A. Groves, Pres. Levy CI 

. Imp. hospital City Clerk 

.Two automobiles, two and seven passenger < ',. B. Jeffers, Ch Comn. 

.Three school buildings F. E. J.ohnson. Secy. 

Ing crane F. S. Shields, Secv. 

. Automobile tags, 15,000 T. Hall. Sec. State. 

. Jail cells, two W. R. Walker. Ch. 

D. C, Wast 1 p.m., July 7 

N, J., Irvi- . p.m., Jul} 7 

N. J.. loly 7 

c >.. Cleveland Height* luly 8 

n. .i . Treni 

O., Akron noon, I 

lull L6 


Pa., Broughton July 6 

Tenn, Lebanon July 7 

Cal„ Los Altos July 7 

N. J., Elizabeth 3 p.m., July 7 

n. v.. BImir i luly 7 

Pa., Indiana July 7 

Cal, \ Inly X 

Ind. Vincennes 2 p.m.. July S. 

\ .1 . Trenton 2.30 p.m., I 

O., Cleveland 11 a.m.. July 9, 

\ .1 . - i I a.m., July 9 

X J., Freehold 11 a.m. .1 

N. J.. - Inly 10 

Del., Wilmington Noon, July 1" 

' ' icon 9 a.m. July 15 

Wis., Janesvllle luly 15 

Ind., Marion 2 p.m.. July 17. 

O.. Cincinnati noon, July 18, 

Minn., Winona E i 

i I., Toledo July 29 

X Mez., All. uuur. me Julv 7. 

N. Y.. New Tork 10 a.m., July 7. 

X. V.. Blmlra 11 a.m., July 7 

July 7 . 

Del.. Wilmington Neon, July 8. 

X J., Trenton July 8, 

X. J., Atlantic City... .Noon, JulJ 9 

X ST., Si . .2.30 p.m., July 23 

I. a.. New Orleans noon. July 2S. 

. . . 2 p.m. Aug. n 

. . . noon. Aug. 12 


Little Rock, \rk. — State Highway 
Commission iroved petition for 

irovement district 

No. 1, in Greene county, and for con- 
■! of two roads, principal one 
le mil; from Paragould to St. Francis 

Flagstaff, \rl*. — Plans for building of 

north and south highway from Prescott 

i" Flagstaff have been discussed by su- 

id superintendents and state 

. Lamar Cobb. Agreement was 

i that Cooonino county is to 

build to its south boundary, about 12 

miles from Flagstaff. There Yavapai 

will bee inplete 16 miles of 

There is already a 

I lot ween Prescott and Camp 

'ino county will have to 

spend (20, I on its end of the road. 

Colusa, Cat. — Bond issue of $550,000 is 
isors for roads, 
Oakland, Cal. — Clt: Perry F. 

Brown has boon directed by Citj 
oil I" i for improve- 

ment of Nlcol aye., from Peralta ave. to 
1 >ell view ave. 
Sacramento, Cal. — Resolutions have 
dopted for improvement of vari- 
is. K G. Wrightson, Jr., Supt. 
of Streets. 

snernnii in... Cal. — Under laws which 
will take effect in August there has been 
appropriated I ruction 

if highway 

I I State 

mportant ap- 

mountlng to |70,000, will 

o 1 State 

..f Myei 


orth I'.i- 
clflc C 000 for the 

Alpine State his hw i nbraclng 

olumnc and Alpine, and 

i to Lake Tahoe, 

San Francisco, Cal. — Finance Commit- 
tee of Supervisors has recommended ap- 
propriation of $4,486 for paving city's 
half of Fulton St., between 14th and 23d 
aves., in front of Golden Gate Park. It 
also favors spending $30,000 for im- 
proving and equipping new corporation 
yard of Board of Public Works. 

San Francisco. Cal Streets Commit- 
too of Board of Supervisors has recom- 
mended thai proceedings be taken to 
n y st. paved from 33d to 42d 
ave. [mprovement of Geary St., from 
1st to 33d ave., has already been or- 

East Hartford, Conn. — Commissioners 
Of East Hartford fire district have 
voted to lay 4-ft. improved sidewalks 
on Burnside ave., east from present ter- 
minus to William st. on north side and 
Church st. on south side. 

Willininntic, Conn. — Taxpayers will 
vote on question of appropriating ex- 
no for purchase of oil for 
Windsor Locks, Conn. — Town has 
voted in favor of bond issue for more 
Iks and sewers. Del. — James Wilson, State 
Highway Commissioner, has been in- 
ky Levy Court to survey piece 
Hockessln to Yorklyn. 
Road will connect With new road now 
ii ilt by Pennsylvania authorities. 
Hnncte, Ind. — New macadam road will 
iructed between Delaware and 
Blackford counties. 

Peoria, 111. — Estimates will be sub- 
CSty Engineer Jeffries for re- 
surfacing Cullender and Ayr - 
with asphalt and laving Of 

Richmond ave. from Knoxvllle to North 

Portland, Ind. — Two petitions have 
bi en plai in county commis- 

court asking that highway In 
Red key and 
Dunkirk, be improved under three-mile 
road law. Petitions ask that highway 
i x een two pli 
town of Redkey be 
Improved, also that Broadway Arling- 
1 • . West Third and 
South High streets, in Dunkirk, be in- 
Des Molnea, la, ins have 

t i 

Oakalooaa, la. x. « paving h 
ordered as follows: On 3d avenue, be- 
tween M.nk.i and lsi streets, F ave- 

nue, between C and D streets. 6th 
street, between 1st and 2d avenues. 4th 
street, between High and A avenues. 
A street, between High and A avenues. 
Reconstruction to be same width as at 
present. New work to be with concrete 
base, paving block surface and cement 
grout filler. North A street to be 36 
ft. wide and residence street work 30 
and 24 ft. wide. 

Leavenworth, Kan. — Resolutions have 
been read providing for regrading, pav- 
ing and curbing of Pennsylvania from 
Shoemaker to Fifth ave.: Elm from Sec- 
ond ave. to Fourth: Maple ave., from 
Thornton to Santa Fe. and Thornton, 
from Fifth to Maple aves. This, it will 
be seen, provides for paving of Fifth 
ave. almost all way to Fairgrounds. 

Abbeville, La. — Abbeville will do a 
great deal of paving and concrete side- 
walk laying in near future. 

Baton Rouite. La. — Baton Rouge will 
spend over 152,000 for 14 miles of piked 
or graveled road. 

Lafayette, La. — Committee on cement 
walks appointed by city council has 
made survey of town ami decided upon 
15 miles of additional sidewalk. 

St. Martinsville. La. — St. Martinville 
will construct several miles of cement 

Augusta, lie. — Governor and council 

has appropriated $58,000 for Kittery- 

Portland trunk line, of which Sit' 

iportloned to Klttery seek 

Kennebunk :.".000 to 

York-Wells section. $7,000 to Kenne- 

bunkport section, S4.t for York Har- 

for Kittery-York 
ill from unapportioned high- 
way fund. 

Hebron. Mil. — The ds com- 

mission Is asking for bids for construc- 
tion of i from Spring Hill 
church into town of Hebron. 

Rockvtlle, >i,i. — County commission- 
ers Inn lecial election at 
Clarksburg July 12 

that district to determine whether they 
are willing to bond for $6,000 to improve 
one mile of read from Boyds to Clarks- 

Blackatone, Haas, k has been voted 
to appropriate sum i o be ex- 

pended under direction of state high- 
way commission to rebuild Main 

Holyoke, Mann. Board has voted to 
make Improvements on surface of Hitch- 
cock street, from Hillside avenue to 

July 3, 1913. 


Northampton street and also to Improve 
Fountain street from High street to 
Elm street. 

Lynn, Mass. — Highland residents are 
urging expenditure of $5,000 on streets 
of tlii* section of city. 

New Bedford, Mass. — Board has ap- 
propriated $2,500 for Grape st. extension 
and referred Purchase and Maple St. 
orders, which included $900 for Maple 
St. and $10,000 for the Purchase St., to 
immittee on roads, bridges and 

SaagDa, Msimn. — Taxpayers will vote 
on June 30 on appropriating sum of $1,- 
for oiling of st. 

Benton Harbor, Mich. — Members of 
advisory board of county supervisors are 

in conference with county road i - 

missioners for purpose of planning high- 
way Improvements for 1014. 

Pontine, Mien. — City Commission has 
to receive bids for paving of Or- 
chard Lake ave. on June 30. Bids on 

all kinds of material will 1 

Objections on six other pavements will 
be heard July 14. 

Duluth, Minn. — Railroad street will be 
improved this summer from 5th 
west to 10th avenue west and may be 
extended us far -is Garfield avenue. 

Duluth, Minn. — Paving of West Third 
street to 49th avenue mg con- 


Duluth. Minn. — Construction of high- 
way along dalles of St. Louis river is 
being discussed. 

St. Pan], Minn. — Resolutions have 
been adopted at meeting of Summit Ave- 

iulevard Improvement assi 
recommending paving of Summit ave- 
nue from Lexington avenue to river as 
soon as practicable, and petitions have 
.sent recom- 
mending asphaltic concrete paving. 

Meridian, Hiss. — Public highways 
connecting Mississippi witl 
in Alaban i intemplated b; 

of Trade of Meridian just as soon as State 
of Alabama has begun active work on 
proposed system of trunk lines in that 

Seminary. Miss. — A piked highway 
will lie built from Sanford to Ko 

m. Louis. Mo. — Large amount of street 
Improvement work is being planned. 

Billings, Mont. — Plan is being dis- 
cussed for parking of streets 
dence district. 

Boseman, Mont. — Bozeman Cit 
cil has passed resolution creating Im- 
provement district for paving South 
Grand ave. from Main St. to Cleveland 
ave.. upon petition signed by a requisite 
number of property owners on street. 
This adds 10 mote blocks to 20 blocks 
that are to be paved this season. 

Elisabeth, V J. — ordinance has been 
passed for improving of Pennington 
street from < lid West Jersey street to 
Bayway with brick pavement 01 
founds t Ion. 

Glassboro, X. J. — The stone ro; 
mittee of Gloucester county board ol 
freeholdei hav. advertised Eoi 
75,000 sq. yds. of bituminous coating for 
the Westvllle and Glassboro, Paulsboro, 
boro and Bridgeport roads. All 
one roads. 

I.lmlen, X. J. — Council has agreed to 
have roa 3s I n boi ough sera ped an 
They are Wood ave.. Blancke St., from 
Wood ave. to Washington ave, and 
Washington ave.. from Blancke at. to 
the borough line. 

New Brunswick, \. .1. — Pi tition has 
beett received from Woodbridge town- 
ship committee asking that Wood 

resurfa I This has been ■ 

ferred to road committee. 

Paterson, x. .1. — Ordinanci has been 

Or laying out and 

opening of East 29th st.. between 10th 

and 9th aves. Andrew F. MeBride is 


I'nlrirktown, X. J. — The Salem coun- 

nl of freeholders received only 

i for constructing grave] road 

from Pedricktown to Pet 

nugh line and price. $44,S34.21, being 

considered excessive, has readvertised 


Perth Amboy, N. J. — Sealed offerings 
will be received by Charles K. Seaman, 
citv treasurer, at City Hall. Perth Am- 
boy, X. J., until 4 p. m., June 30, 1913, 
for $97,000 •"> pe,- e.nt 10-year stn el 
improvement bonds. 

Perth \mhoy. V. J. — Ordinal. 
been passed authorizing bond issue for 
permanent improvement of streets ami 

high wa ys. 

Hnbtviij, X. J. — P.ids for paving of 
t. with brick have been rejected 
imon Council. City El 
ii Marsh has been ordered at 
once to readvertise for paving pj 
with brick or asphalt block. 

Trenton, N. J. — It I ided to 

build about four miles of Yardville road 
and about two of I ' Then, 

it is planned, to finish both roe 
as soon as possible. Material to be 
used has not yet been decided upon. 

Washington, \. j. — Committee 
cided to ask tor bills to r connecting 
Morris and Belvidere turnpike by short 
strip of macadam near Phillipsburg. 

>\ Istown, >. &>— Borough council 

1 in having state 
.Main street, Woodstown, increased to 

Binghnmton, \. ■» . — An agreement has 

Of Bing- 
ham ton and State Highw. 
whereby upper Court st. will be paved 
entire width of 30 ft. during present 
operati ring of this thorough- 
fare on part of state. Estimat 

)or its share of pavement is $19,- 
.50. ] 

below this amount. Detailei 
mates of city's portion follow: 2,8 u, 

'..Is , . i , . I J 

yds. brick pavement, $8,127; ^4n cit. yds. 
foundation. $3,780; 8,910 lin. ft. 
18-in. curbing and gutter. $5,791.50; to- 
IS 50 
Brooklyn, v. v. — Plan to make Broad- 
way, Flushing, a boulevard is being 
considered. It is expected that entire 
work, over seven miles in length from 
Flushing River to Nassau county line, 
will cost about $1,000,000. 

Brooklyn, v. v. — The Queens Roads 
Committee of Board of Estimate has 
agreed upon report on widening of Van 
Dam st.. connecting Diagonal st.. high- 
way passing by steel viaduct from 
Sunnyside yard of 
I a nia Railroad and Gi 
ave. bridge, over Newtown Creek, lead- 
Brooklyn, X. V. — Proopsed improve- 
in. in of Brooklyn aproach to Brooklyn 
Bridge will shortly be commenced. 

Kingston, .v. v. — a city ordinance 

calling for flagging, curbing and gut- 

H Foxhall ave. 

a distune of 646 ft., has been offered 

■ 1 1 [ ■ r ,i mi carried. 

Kingston. \. v. — Oiling of city streets 

is being discussed. 

Lockport, X, Y. — Resolutions 

lopted for improvement of va- 

Loekport, X. Y. — Bids have been or- 
dered asked for paving of Oliver st. with 

Snranac Lake, x, Y. — Extensive work 

on Franklin county highway system will 
be started by id commission 

as soon as $100,000 bonds are sold. 
Saranac Lake. \. Y. -Saranac Lake 
rs will have a chanci to rote 
on new sidewalks. Special election has 
lied for July S. at which propo- 
sition to bond villa 0,000 for 
walks and $10,000 for street paving will 
be submitted. 

Schenectady, RT.' V. — Widening and ex- 
tension of Lafayette st, are being urged. 
Tonawanda, X. Y. — Resolution has 
i directing tin- paving of 
Clinton st. with dola 

Tonnwnnda, ST. If.- -Webster sti 
North Tonawanda will lie repaved, ac- 
cording to resolution adopted by board 
of public works. Bids have been adver- 
tised for and contract will be a 
on Monday, July 7. Work will cost city 

■Whit.- Plains, x. Y. — Special Macadam 
Committee has filed n pori naming 
streets that should lie improved tins 
year. Village engineer has been direct- 
ed to prepare plans at once, streets are: 

>.' .id" ave., i i entra ave out; Doy- 

er st., from Greenridge ave. to Mamaro- 
neck rd.; De Kalb av; Stewart pi.: First 
is ave., from end of brick pav- 
ing to Ridge St.: Ch.' out and 

Fllrso, X. 13. — Plan ieations 

for paving of Eighth ave. south between 
Eighth and Ninth sts. have been i tiled 
for by City Commission! 

Alamogordo, V H. — In a short time 
Moffett, county road commis- 
sioner, will take up construction of new 

road i i""i ' Iloudcrofl to w l This new 

route will lessen distance between ol s 

five miles and will 
la. an ft. and maximum 
from 10 to 8 ft. 
\kron. O. — i u dine 

blishing ■ '■ larg - 

ber "f streets. 

Cincinnati, O. — Letter from Stat. 
partment has b 
le. County Commissi 

thai county will have approximately 
for improve ids for 

:n. I. 

Columbus, <>. — Got 


. . 

mil., witl i 
with funds pro\ ided pa mi i 

through which r 

aide that brick will lie used. 

Dayton, <» — Resolution - 

W. G. Lee is Clei 

Defiance. «». — Petition hi , 

sented to cit tor. pav- 

ii i ol East 2d stn uglaize 

river bi . no I of 

- street from East id street to 
I : a st Hopkins stn 

Masslllon, O. — Ordinances have been 
passed for improvement of various 
streets. .1. .1. Donahue, clerk. 

Y'oungstown, O. — Bids will 
ceived until 2 p. m„ Julj 21, bj City 
Auditor for purchase of bonds for street 
improvements. D. J. Jones is City Au- 

Youngstown, O. — Resolutions have 
been adopted for improvement of vari- 
ous streets. 

Youngstown, O. — City Savings Bank 
has purchased $12. inn Jackson st paving 
bonds and Commercial National Bank 
took $11,876 McKinnie st bonds. 

Alt* a. Pn. — Ordinance has been 

grading and paving with vit- 
rified paving brick numerous city 

Vltooun. Pa. — Ordinance has I 

providing for grading and pav- 
ing from curb to curb, with irregular 
Ligonier blocks, and curbing of 14th 
avenue, between 13th and 14th streets 
W. J. Hamoe, citv clerk. 

Hutler. Pa. — Grading of North Mon- 
roe street is being urged. 

Chester, Pa. — Bids offered for paving 
.of 31 of city streets have been turned 
down for second time. Councils have 
decided to readvertise. 

Franklin, Pn. — Common Council re- 
ceived message of Mayor Glenn vetoing 
ordinance passed some time ago appro- 
priating $10,000 for repaying of Liberty 
st.. between Moffet's alley and 15th St., 
and after short discussion Council pass- 
ed ordinance .over veto by vote of four 
to one. 

Harrislmrg, Pa. — Bill providing for 
additional road routes to be placed in 
state highway system, which will go 
through this week, contains following 
which are to be designated as state 
highways: Lycoming county, from Col- 
lomsville to South Williamsport via 
from Larry's Creek to Strain 
Valley via Salladasburg; from Hartley 
Hall to Hughesville via Pennsdale. Sul- 
ounty, Laporte to Benton, Colum- 
bia county, via North Mountain and 
Lungervillc: Columbia county, from Tola 
t.. Muncy, Lycoming county, via Pine 
Summit: from Bloomsburg to Conyng- 
ham via Berwick. Tioga county, from 
Mansfield through Bradford county to 
the New York state line via Mosher- 
ville. Wyoming county, from Tunkhan- 

i k t,. i'ii. .eount via Auburn Center 

and Lawton: front Osterhout to Hart- 
ford. Susquehanna county, via South 
a township. Lackawanna ooun- 
ty. letter county, from Gold to New- 
York state line via Genesee: from Gold 
to New York state line via Newfiebl and 

MeauVille, Pa. — Bills providing for 
$(10,000 bond issue and North Main st. 
paving have passed third and final read- 

Philadelphia, Pa. — Councils have 
passed bill appropriating $300,000 for 
repairs to county roads. 

Heading, Pa — Select Councilman An- 
drew J. Fleming is considering introduc- 
tion into Council of bill carrying with it 
$500,000 for street improvements, same. 
1 by Councils and Mayor, to be 
ire taxpayers at November 
municipal election. 

Seranton. Pa. — Ordinances have been 
for improving of various streets. 
Ellsworth Kelly is City Clerk. 

Waynesboro, Pa. — New road bill re- 
ported to state Senate, which adds S3 
routes to highway system, will be of 
much advantage to Franklin county and 
to Waynesboro if. it become law. New 
routes proposed for this county are fol- 
lowing: r sboro via 
Mont Alto; Chambersburg to Waynes- 
boro via New Franklin: Upton to Sun- 
beam via Warm Spring: Chambersburg 
to Roxbury via Salem: Mercersburg to 
Upton via Scotland: Mercerburg to St 
Thomas via Varkes; Waynesboro to 
Black Gap via Quancy, and Chambers- 
Shippenburg, Cumberland coun- 
ty, via Scotland. 


Vol. XXXV, No. 1 

Wllkea iinrn-. i'ii— trill be 

lea *l Ion will dli 



w llllamaport, Pa. Plai 

■ . mini Falls, II. I 

I'rmlili- . II. I — 

d< ning of w 

iuncll The ills tor 

highway between the two points, dts- 

ure has bean highway com- 


Sloas Falls, >. n. — Propertj 

mi riiilliiis :ivi>. have declared In favor 
or repav- 

inatlm, Tex. v. 
Lamar county, has confi 
torney-general relal 
sues. He Becured app 
$100, Issue of count] road bonds. 

Dallas, Tex land be- 

tween Haskell 

ml bills will be Invited to 
A similar order was made for Terry. 
between Fltzhugh and B 

Fort Worth, Tex.— Assurances have 
been received thai Palo Pinto county 
would unquestionabl quota of 

oei ■!• 'I ' nplete amount of 

rnment high- 
way between Port Worth and Mineral 

\Y. lis vi.i V'. 

mi. Pleasant, Tex, — Resolution has 

been unanimously indorsed asking Com- 

tlon for 

bonds for iod roads 

Inci No, i. which Includes town 

of Mount PI 

Paris, 'IV*. — Board of permanent 

of precinct No. 1. 

county, has ordered that second 

t 100.000, 

ii Improt ement 



bonds has already been sold. 
Poteet, i'«'v. — Sum nf $3, is avail- 
able for Improving county roads in that 

| M t 

Sherman, Tex. — At meeting of Sher- 
laving i . 
miles i! 

ed to bet h sen city and 
county in in. 1 1 1 n oris in 
Sherman district wa • 1 citi- 

zens living on stn 

ment t" pay pro rata difference and pul 
down asphalt pavement instead. With 
seven n iln idj paved 

.in.i contracted t" be paved, this will 
(ri\v Sherman l 9 miles of paved streets. 
i etary has been Instructed t" 
nd contract will be 

Wentherford, Tex. Parker county 
der ap- 

■ ' tei will 

^.. t.. Mineral Wells to u;.-t similar order 


This fund, together with Tarrant county 
fund, will in added t" 

I alrei 

>.iili I. nk.- City, I lull. I 
allej Is planned. 

Ball I. nk.- ( n». i iuh. 'i'ii. s.,lt Lake 

. t urn has .t 

tO 'all 

for election for Si. In bonds for 

Alexandria, V*. — Othei squares t.. be 

are: Thr in Roj al si . be 

tween Prince ami Wilkes sis., that on 
< Duke Bts. i" 

l f vll and i he t wo squares 

si. nth -.r it wiih tar macadam, the work 
• i Paj n. st.. 

being m 

i these 


I.. I..- imi'i ..\ • .1 with 

.-. it ii tar mar- 

■ •n Alfred, 

with tar mac- 
be tween 

i ,iii,i Qui en sts , also with tar 

' svUIe, «. Va. — Cltj Clerk has 

Pleasant \niii-.\. \\ . Va. — Council has 

decided tor pur- 

r deciding on issuing of $10,000 


rtain Btreets in that town. 

Seattle) Wash. have 

nproi ement of va- 

rious Btreets, 

i niiiiiiii. Wash. Following improve- 
ments have been ordered ami tenders 
will shortly be asked for: Grading and 
cement Bidewalks on Smith 88th street 
ii-.. in Bast L to Bay street, engineer's 
estimate, HI, 989; paving with i 
th.- alley betwi en I nue and 

H from North 1st to 3d street. 
_ s estimate, $2,236; 
Ttli street from Park avenue to 
alt Sovith 
i to Co- 
estimate, $6- 

Janesvllle, Wis. — Improvement of Gar- 
ni Clark to Carrington st.. 
Vista ave., from Logan st. to 
Garfield ave.. by macadamizing will be 


Decatur, Ala. — Contract for paving ,of 

Grant st.. Moulton st. ami Fourth aye. 

to Southern Asphalt Con- 

struction Co., of Birmingham, contract 

ili.iiiii.ii. Ala. — For 3% miles macadam 
i. ii Mounton road by County Board of 
i & Spake, of I'.ir- 
minghai I R. P Boyd is As- 

sistant stat.' Highway Comr., D 

Selma, Ala. — For paving t.. Mo 
. i \ i '..nstructi.on Co., of Montgon 
follows: 16.000 sq. vds. Dolarway pave- 

t ii hi. si. 25: 7,200 lin. ft. of i ite 

curb, 35 cts.: 630 lin. ft 15-in. terra 
cotta pipe, 80 cts.: 1,160 lin. ft. lS-in.. 
510 lin. it 24-in.. $1.55: 16 sewer 
Inlets, each $00 : 6 sewer manholes, eai h 
i lin Ft graniti edgestone, in cts. 
Oakland, Cat. — By city council, for hu- 
nt nf 25th ave., to Hutchin- 
i prii es named for said work, 
as follows: Grading street, including 
sidewalk (cutting), 78c. per cu. yd.: oil 
mizing, m 1 .**. per sq. ft.: curbing 
with 3xl2-in. redwood, 12c. per lin. ft.: 
of concrete, 15c. per sq. ft . : cul- 
vert, 8x29-in., corrugated iron and con- 
:; per lin. ft.: culvert. Sx2l-in.. 
corrugated iron and com I 
lin. ft.; cement sidewalks 12c. per sq. 
ft. Prank M. Smith is city clerk. 

Oakland, Cal.— By city i ouncil for im- 
nt of Tlst avenue, to Bat 

land .v \>. i'. at following prici 

sq. ft of earth grading, -"••■.: per lin. ft. 

of redwood curb, lie: per sq ft oi 

crete gutter, q, ft. of oil 

icad in pa\ ement, 1 Oc. : per lin. ft. of 
.... i ed 1 1 mi 
culvert $8.26; pel lin. ft of sx2t-in. 
i , d iron and i nlvert. 

(3. .Ms., for improvement of Ohio 
street, to Oakland Paving Co., -it fol- 
lowing prices: Grading street, Includ- 
ewalk (filling), 70c. per cu. yd.: 
maizing, oil, 9 9-10c. per sq. ft.: 
Iln. ft.; gut- 
L4c ft. : manholes, 

$46 each sewer 8-ln., 85c. Der lin. ft.: 
lampboles, $12.50 each: "Y ' branches. 
sidewalks, 12c. per 
sq. ft. Frank M. Smith is city clerk. 

Oakland, < al. — By citv for Ii 
in. nt of < 'iiii. st to Oakland Pa\ 
at f..l)..v 

.■a. yd.; macadamizing, oil, 9 9-10 

> I. 12 cts. 

ft. : gutters, concrete, i t ,i ■ 

. i, 
per lin. ft.; lampholi ich; "Y" 

nei i 

I i . 'I. 'i K 

' i nl. \1 

Oakland, Cal. Pet 

■ m i 2th si . bet ween 

il ting of ex- 
it 12th si dam, Is 
now to !•• made, i !ont racl foi work has 

I to Ransome-Crun 

ken folio win 

on vaii matters: Awarding 

; to Hutchison Co. for impnove- 

20th to 

tract to 


Sacramento, CaL — 

I tth -t. t.. rial k & B 

New Haven, Conn. — For asphalt pav- 
i -sidential Btreets to Unli 

N. Y. 

Pekln, III. — Bids for Improvement of 

Hillyer and other streets in one 

district and half dozen streets on north 

nt.'l. ilth, 5th and 

other district 

have been opened at city hall by board 

Improvements. All of bids were 

ed too high and were practically 

with exception of bids of Jan- 

s. n .v- Zoeller of this city, whose figures 

irest to estimates. Lowest bid 

on north side improvement was offered 

- ii & Zoeller, but is something 

115.50 over estimate, which is 

'I for district. P.-kin firm was 

als.i low on Hillyer district, but that 

bid was also ov< r estim 

two districts were as follows: 
North Side: Jansen & Zoeller. Barr 
brick. $1.76; Purling, $1.71; Danville. 
$1 76; straight curl.. 27c; protection 
curb. 25c: resetting curb, 10c: cross 
walks, sq. ft.. 25c; T. D. Latin, Barr 
brick. $1.S5: Purlington. $1.84: Alton. 
straight curb. 34c; protection 
curb. 34c: resetting curb, 10c; cross 
walks. 29c: S .A. Tuttle.. Barr brick. 
81.80; Danville. $1.S0 : straight curb, 35c: 
protection curb. 35c: resetting curb, 
10c: cross walks. 30c 7th and 8th 
streets: Jansen & Zoeller. Barr brick. 
81.78; Purlinsrton. $1.77: Alton. $1.76; 
Danville. $1.78: straight curb. 25 
tection curb. 25c: resetting curb. 10c; 
cross walks, 25c: S. A. Tuttle. Danville 
or Barr brick. $1.80: concrete curb, 35c; 
protection curb. 35c: resetting. 10c; 
cross walks. 30c; I. D. Lattin. Danville 
brick. 11.81; Alton. $1.79%; Wabash. 
(1.84; straight curb. 29c; protection 
curb, 30c; resetting curb, 10c; cross 
walks. 27c 

De.s Moines, la. — One of the largest 
sidewalk contracts ever let in Des 
Moines has been awarded to M. Ken- 
nedy by Harry H. Polk & Co. for side- 
walks in new Broadmoor addition. 

South Bend, ind. — Contracts fior pav- 
ing- of Dunham st. and High st. have 
l.e.-n awarded to C. H. Defrees for $5,- 
347.85 and S9.63ll.3S. respectively. Dun- 
ham st. will be paved with Birr block 
and High st. with Indiana block on 
gravel foundation. 

Hutchinson, Kan. — F<>v concrete curb 
..a N. Jefferson St. to McLeod & Cran- 
dle, at 35c. per lin. ft. 

Baltimore, Mil. — The Baltimore As- 
phalt i- Tile Co. was only bidder 
for paving commission contract No. 62. 
Contract is a rather large one. It calls 
for combination of sheet asphalt and 
vitrified brick. For sheet asphalt part 
of contract bidder quoted 81.55 per sq. 
vil. and for vitrified brick $2.20. Streets 
t.. be paved under this contract are: 
Wilson, from Madison avenue to Futaw 
i lci Ri rt, from Eutaw to Linden: 
Presstman. from Druid Hill avenue to 
Linden; Bloom, from Pennsylvi 
Butah; Gold, from Druid Hill to Madi- 
son: John, from Dolphin to Nor, 
fayette. from Maryland avenue to 
mount; Biddle, from Calvert to Guil- 

Baltimore Mil. — On recommendation 
..f paving commission the .standard rou- 
nd. -.1 vitrified brick 
contract No. bid was 

in this contract are: 
Fairmount avenue. Central to Broad- 
way: Watson. High to Central; Oranbv. 
Exeter to Central; Low, Front to Fast; 
Forrest, Fayette to Lexington: Har- 
iga to Pleasant. 
Baltimore, Mil. - Cuti-act for recon- 
structing Frederick avenue from Ben- 
avenue, has been 
award, d to H. K. F lust at SI ' 
Patrick Sons were given 

town road. 
from Ruskin 
avenue to the Pimllco gate of Druid 
Hill park, at $32,521.12. This thor- 
1,1 90 ft., and 
as soon as gr . I. racing 

not only widening, but material reduc- 
tion In grade, contract will be let for 

Detroit, Mich. — To J. \ Mercer, eon- 

i.ibs. amounting to 

is follows: 11th street, from 

Leverctte to Michigan avenue; i?th 

July 3, 1913 



street, from Rose to Michigan; Lever- 
ette street, from Brooklyn to 12th 
streets: Berry street, from Grand River 
to Trumbull, and Prentis avenue, from 
Cass to Second. 

Wnhkon, Jliuu. — Village Council has 
let contract for opening up Hennepin 
St., from Third ave. to Schubert ave.. 
where it will connect with Meshigun 
Point boulevard. Thomas and Clayton 
Pearson wev^ successful bidders. 

St. Joseph, Mo. — Contracts have been 
awarded by Board of Public Works for 
number of street improvement and sewer 
.1' bs. In paving of 30th from Lafayette 
to Monterey with coal tar and macadam, 
contract was awarded to Olson-Schmidt 
Construction Co., of St. Joseph, for $13,- 
972, the next lowest bid being that of 
young Bros, for $14,860. J. F. Buis was 
given contract tor grading alley be- 
tween Bun Ton and 20th sts., from Union 
to Clay sts. Land Paving Co. was award- 
ed contract for concrete walks on Sixth 
St., Olive to Atchison, and Frederick 
ave., Ninth to 2'i th. The same company 
got the alley between Messanie and Lo- 
cust, Sixth to Seventh, for $1.29 a sq. 
yd. this being just 1 ct. lower than the 
other bidder, the closest bid received. 
Metropolitan Paving Co. was given con- 
tract for paving Antoine, Third to 
Fourth, with asphaltic concrete. J. F. 
Buis was awarded grading of Pacific St., 
Ninth to 12th, for 50 cts, a cu. yd. The 
Kelley Construction Cm. was given grad- 
ing of Warsaw ave., Mesanie to Olive, 
at 27 cts. 

Norfolk, Neb. — For 47,000 sq. yds. pav- 
ing on Norfolk av. and N. 9th St., by- 
City Council to Ford Paving Co., of Ce- 
dar Rapids, la. 

Atlantic City. X. J. — By beard of free- 
holders, contract for May's Landing- 
Somers' Point boulevard to Miller Con- 
struction & Engineering Co., of Phila- 
delphia, for $78,181.34. Other bids re- 
ceived were: Baldwin. Horner & Scull, 
$106,750.41; Edward Doughty, $88,025.19; 
S. L. Smith, $88,901.01; Sutton & Corson, 

Flemington, X. J. — To construct about 
3 miles of Bloomsburg West Porta! mac- 
adam road by Board Chosen Freehold- 
ers to M. Irving Demarest, of Sewaren, 
at $3S,342. 

Lone lirnnch, X. J. — By city commis- 
sioners, contract to pave 2d avenue with 
Metropolitan brick, to Morris C. Burns 
of Long Branch, at $2.48 per sq. yd. 

South Vmhoy, X. J. — For paving St.\ - 

ens ave. with Metropolitan block, to 
O'Gara & MoGuire. they being lowest 
bidders for said Metropolitan block at 
price siat.d in their proposal. 

Trenton, K. J Charles A. Reed >V- Co. 

of this city was lowest bidder for grad- 
ing of that part of ground lying di- 
rectly in rear of State House, between 
water power and what was at one time 
known as "Little River." Their price 
was 23.9 cts. per cu. yd. 

Washington. N. J. — Road Committee 
of Board of Freeholders have received 
bids for repairing macadam roads on 
.Morris turnpike, from Phillipsburg to 
Porl Colden. Distance is about 13 miles, 
with about mile taken out where road 
passed through Washington Borough. 
Two bids were received. The Sands- 
Cllne Co., of Morristown, offered boolean 
ditches and reform roadbed and put tar 
mii in <;'■, cts. a so. yd. This will total 
|S, 491. 20. In addition company will 
place stone on ro:o n,.d. i'iiijiiIv to fur- 
nish material and pay for time con- 
sumed by force of employes. It is esti- 
mated that total cost of impro 

will be ;.l I $12, Bid of Ulen Con 

struction Co., of Neteong;, was II cts. a 
sq. yd. for cleaning ditch, reforming 
roadbed and putting on tar. making its 
bid for this work total $11,827.27, or 
more than double bid of competitors. 
Committee recommended contract he 
given to the Sands-Cline Co., and they 
will begin work as soon as contract is 
approved by board. 

Grent Xeck, X. Y. — Contracts for road 
Improvements in Great Neck, Manhasset 
and Port Washington have been award- 
ed by town board. Bids for work were 
i i .] a week ago. Andrews Bros, of 
Mineola received contract for work on 
Susquehanna avenue. Great Neck. Their 
bid was $6,503.75. The Middle Neck 
road. Great Neck, will be improved by 
Standard Bitulithic Co. Its bid was $37,- 
000. 2d, 3d and 5th avenues. Port Wash- 
will be improved by Cocks & 
lialton of Port Washington. Their bid 
was $13 000. M. Cashman of Roslyn re- 
ceived the- contract to improve Bayviev 
and Manhasset avenues, Manhasset. 
Then bid was $11,000. John W. Mitchell 
of Port Washington will improve Carle- 
ton avenue. Port Washington. 

Little Falls, X. Y. — Contract for con- 
struction of concrete culvert on Burwell 
street has been awarded to R. D. Coo- 
per Co., their bid being $646. 

Loekport, X. Y~ — On recommendation 
of Street Committee contract for con- 
crete walk on Stevens st. has been 
awarded to Hiram Hornby for $1,190. 

Loekport, X. Y. — To C. B. Whitmore 
Co., of Loekport, contract for paving of 
Grand st. with repressed shale paving 
brick block, from Lock to Transit sts., 
on its bid of $8,470. 

Loekport, X. Y Bid of Harry E. 

Whitney for concrete curb and walk on 
Allen st.. between Grand and Wash- 
ington sts., in sum of $1,400 has been 
accept' d. C. N. Stainthorpe & Co. bid 
$1,723 for this work. 

Nevrbnrgh, X. Y — Although only three 
contracting concerns submitted bids to 
City Council for paving of Liberty st.. 
from Broadway to South St., and from 
South st. to North St., their figures took 
in 58 separate and distinct bids. Con- 
tract was awarded to Jova & Kehoe, 
Inc., who are to lay asphaltic block 
with concrete curbing. The successful 
bid was for $70,963.25. The Warren Bros. 
Co. put in bid to pave the street with 
bitulithic for $74,110.65. The lowest of 
all bids was by Waren Co. for asphaltic 
concrete, the figure having been $61,- 
129.65. The third bidder was Barber As- 
phalt Co.. which offered to lay 2-in. as- 
phalt block with concrete curb, from 
Broadway to South st., for $32,226, and 
3-in. asphalt block with concrete curb 
from South to North st. for $48.7S0.03. 
This makes a total of $81,006.03. 

Schenectady, X. Y. — Contract amount- 
ing to about $70,000 has been awarded 
to Union Paving Co. by Schenectady 
Realty Co. for paving, curbing, grading 
sidewalks and sodding on plot of ground 
located at Rosa road and Nott street, 
known as old golf grounds. 

I tlca, X. Y. — Contracts for paving 
work, which will be done at estimated 
expense of between $60,000 and $7o.- 
000, have been awarded to Harry W. 
Roberts & Co. by Board of Contract and 
Supply. Work calls for resurfacing 13 
sections of various streets in city, larg- 
est job being resurfacing of Genesee st. 
from Eagle st. to Avery pi. This work 
will be bitulithic. 

Lorain, O. — To S. S. Saxton Co.. Of 
Chicago, 111., contract by city f liv- 
ing of Globe and E. 30th streets with 
sheet or stone tilled asphalt, for $11,- 
349 and $18,336, respectively. 

Wyoming, (>. — To Andrews Asphalt 
Paving Co., Toledo, O., contract for con- 
struction Of concrete curbs and gutters 
;il 16c. per lin. ft. and 30 driveways, at 
$18 each. About 1,300 lin. ft. id' curb- 
ing and guttering is called for. 

Independence, Ore. — To Lindenn Kibbe 
CO., Selling Bldg., Cortland, contract i" 
paving of 10,000 sq. yds, of streets here 
.ii $50, 

Clnysville, Pa. — At meeting of the 
Claysville Council bids were opened for 
paving of Greene St., from depot to in- 
on of Elm st R. F. Rhodes & 
Son. of Versailles, were only bidders, 
being awarded contract at price ap- 
proximating $4,800. Street as paved will 
be 26 ft. wide from depot to Main St.; 
from .Main St. to North alley 24 ft. in 
width and remainder of it 22 ft. 

Olyphant, fa. — Bids have been re- 
ceived for paving of North Susquehanna 
ave., as follows: Cumiiiings & Co.. $2.25 
per -'I yd for paving complete; '1.7 its 
per lin. ft. for concrete curbing; 66 cts 
r,,r stone curbing; Mathias Stipp, $2.29 

l»r sq. m1. for paving i tplete; 64 cts. 

per lin. ft. for concrete curbing; 64 cts. 
for stone curbing. Cummings & Co. were 
lowest bidders. 

Serantou, Pa. — McDonald Construction 
i'o. were only bidders on South Blakely 
st. paving, putting in duplicate of their 
previous bid which was surrendered on 
aci nt of technical defect. Their fig- 
ure was $2.18 per yard for asphalt. 

Kno.vvllle, Tenn To R. U Pel 

i'o. of Kruoxvllle, contract for paving 
White ave. and Second st. 

Helton, Tex. — 1 ■:>■ Commissioners' Court 
contract for engineering on road work 
of this precinct to Witt-Foun tain-Shaw 
Engineering Co.. of Dallas. The $150.- 
000 bonds have not yet been sold. Actual 
work on roads will begin in from 30 to 
90 days. 

Galveston, Tex. — Contract for fur- 
nishing of approximately 3,400 cu. yds. 
of mudshell for surfacing of 13th street 
from Avenue L to Avenue NV2. Avenue 
X'.. from 13th street to 17th street. 17th 
street from Avenue N% to Avenue L. 
Ho- mute to be followed by new oust 
end ear line, has been awarded to W. D. 
Haden as lowest bidder. His bid was 
$3,030.45. Of this amount Galveston 

Electric i'o. will pay $2,500 as fran- 
chise lor use of streets and avenues oc- 
cupied l>y car tracks. 

HUlsboro, Tex. — Contracts for paving 
of 12 city blocks, seven with 1 
phalt, three with Hassam and two with 
Thurber vitrified brick, at total cost of 

1. el w.-eli $70,0011 and $7.7, null, paving to be 
done at expense of citizens, city to pa c 
no part, have been let. Bert Hahn, for 
rock asphalt, secured this contract, and 
Ockander Bros., of Waco, secured con- 
tract for Hassam and brick. Most of 
paving wil lie laid on North and South 
Waco sts. 

og.len. Utah.— The P. J. Moran Co. of 
Suit Lake, has been awarded contracts 
of paving districts 105 and lin; amount- 
ing to $36,13S,01. Four bids were sub- 
mitted. District No. 105 calls for as- 
phalt paving on Jefferson avenue be- 
tween 25th and 27th streets, which will 
cost $12,356.83 and District No. 106 is 
Wall avenue, between 21st and 23d 
streets, and on Lincoln avenue, between 
25th and 26th streets, and will cost $23,- 
181.18. Latter block includes street in 
front of Bamberger depot. 

Salt Lake City. Utah.— Contracts for 
paving State st. and Seventh East and 
laying Fifth East sewer have been 
awarded to P. J. Moran. his bids being 
lowest on these improvements. 

Petersburg, Va. — Contract for paving 
West Washington street with wood 
block at $3.06 per sq. yd. has been au- 
thorized to be awarded to Perkinson & 

Scuttle. YVnsh. — By Board of Public 
Works for planking Brandon st. to J. 
Ruthe at $2",457: for grading 20th ave. 
N. E. to J. R. Wood at $11.02,8.53; for 
paving 11th ave. West to Elliott Const. 
Co., at $28,516.80. 

Spokane, Wash. — Board of County 
Commissioners has entered into agree- 
ment with W r illiam H. Ziegler for con- 
struction of River road, northeast of 
Nine Mile, and work will be commenced 
on highway at once. Contract was 
awarded to Contractor Ziegler June 3. 
Commissioners will spend about $2,000 
on road. 

Tacomn, Wash. — For paving of Fife 
street, to Joseph Warter, Sr„ at $36,923, 
for asphalt. 


Phoenix, Ariz. — Plans for up to date 
drainage system are being prepared by 

F. N. Holmquist. city engineer. Plans 
will be for storm sewer and two out- 
falls 11 is expected that improvement 
will cost approximately $150,000. 

Berkeley, Cal. — Berkeley has taken 
initial step toward floating municipal 
bond issue of $570,000 for improvements 
in city wlnn City Council adopted reso- 
lution ordering bonds advertised for 
sale. Outfall sewerage system costing 
s 17-%. , and improvement of fire de- 
partment at cost of $95,000 are issues 
covered in bond issue. 

Southington, Conn. — Notices have been 
issued for special borough election to 
be held on June 30 to take action on 
either rejecting or accepting sewer bill 
as passed by recent general assembly. 

Windsor Locks, Conn. — Town has voted 
in favor of bond issue for more sewers 
and sidewalks. 

Washington, D. C*. — District Commis- 
sioners have arranged to improve insan- 
n ii e litions, due to imperfect sew- 
erage facilities in vicinity of Dalecarlia 

living reservoir on Conduit road 

at District line. To remedy that situa- 
tion it is planned to construct pipe line 
beneath floor of drainage tunnel so as 
l,i afford connection between sewer at 
entrance of tunnel and sewer at outlet 
of tunnel. Tunnel is about 400 ft. long. 
Ic is proposed to cut through brick bot- 
tom and lay pipe line below it. so as to 
provide closed channel for sewage in 
place of existing open storm water 

Dewitt, in. — installation of sewer sys- 
tem is being discussed. 

Oskaloosn. la. — Council has voted to 
proceed with construction of storm wa- 
ter drainage for section of city south of 
High and 1st avenues and east of T> 
street to cost in neighborhood of $24,000. 

Walker. La. — City will build drainage 
canal two miles long and 12 ft. wide. 

New Bedford, Mass. — On recommenda- 
tion of committee on roads, bridges and 
sewers Aldermen have voted to appro- 
prite $1,100 for sewer in Chancery St., 
from Tilton st. northerly, $600 for a 
sewer in Jenney st., between North and 
Hillman st.. and $100 for sewer in Sowle 
St., from Wood st. southerly. Appro- 
priations for sewer work have been re- 
quested as follows: Grape st. extension, 



Vol. XXXV, No. r 

\.„ ii lord, Haa*y— 

I ooklawn Pa 

I i, .. Ii., Ml... — . I i will \ oti 
$50.01 ■ 

HllMIIIMIIllOII. \. .1. 

Commission will open bids shortly for 
and Mtrat Ion bi d. 

Perth \mii">. V .1. — Ordinance has 

Willi hoi 

w Brunswicl 
and !•• i pe sewer with 

Harrington Bt W. La 

Rah way) v. J, Plans foi proposed 

i by En- 
Clyde Potts have been approved 
and ordered Bled with Btate aul h 

\\ Ibridn-e, v J. Construction of 

vitrified ' Ri ading has 

uthorized. Andrew Ki 

iiiiiuhiimioii. N. \. — Bids will be re- 
ceived bj P. M. Hopkins, Secy. I 
Estimate, until Jul) 16, for pin. 
sewer bonds. 

HIiiKhiinitoii. \. V. — Resolutio 

lopted foi • struction of various 


Nyaek, V IT. Williams has 

reported to board of trustees Diat plans 

for extension of Midland avenue sewer 

n submitted by W O. Polhemus 

ess for 

work if solons approved of same. 

Schenectady, V *. — Bids will 

pari of big trunk 
i i 11 SUb-t i unks. 

Schenectady, v If. — Because there was 

no competition, bids submitted I 

constructing prop ised sew- 

iposal plant were rejected by 

Board "i" Contract and Supply. Ippolito's 

. tor $259,134.96 and $244,809.13 

Bids will be 

\kr.Mi. <>. Ordinance has I n passed 

bonds in sum of $5", for pur- 

constructlng main trunk sewer 
in and Canal, Lakeside park, 

private property, Lakeside avenue and 
Theodore avenue from Bowery street to 
Kenmore boulevard. Ira A. Priest, clerk 
of council. 

Heron, <i. Plans have been prepared 
by ESngineer Pratt for sewage and gar- 
Isposal plants. Estimated cost. 
Salem O, Ordinance has been passed 
fin coi rs In various 

■ ri is clerk. 
Vonngatown, O, — Bids will be 
until 2 p. m., July 21, by City Auditor for 
purchase of sewer bi .lones is 

City Auditor. 

Vltomia. Pa. — Coui 
construction of sewer from High st. 

railroad t nnecl with other 

■ 1 ,000. 
Brie, Pa. — Ordinances have !■■ 
ed providing for construction of sani- 
tary Bewers In various streets. M. J. 
is clerk of Common Council. 
Lebanon, I'n. — Bill has 
appropriating $3,600 for purpose of re- 
Btreets in sewer district. 
Sharon, Pa. j lis for sewage system 

will lie submitted to state department 
without delay and when plans 

matter of bond election for securing of 

•l.lti will at one*- he 


Provtdei it. I. Resolution direct- 

Bewer in Plainfield 

.ll-Well alld KUlingly StleelS I, 

w socket, it. i. — Board has 

;' n in it i ee resolut Ion a ppro- 

prlatlnf i e drain 

rid Willow st 


Slona lull.. -. l>. ommis- 

pproved of resolut 
conBtru W. C. 

My Auditor. 

Rlehm I. Vn. — i tlon has 

incll Committee on 
.a proposition to lay trunk sew- 
tlng in nelgl 
along liih St., between McDonough and 

Snohoaalah, w aah, 

I to call for 

i on ru \i I > \w \nni:i). 

Brlnkler, *rk. To \ B Dowell. Car- 
bondale, ill . con! i ai i for 

for $30,000. 
Prank I., w 

i :. : ■ I 

Madison, in. — B) Bd. ol Local Improv. 

■ i sys- 
o Bdw. W. ii 
"•mull lien, I. inil. — Contracts have been 
Hows: DePappe S 
pe sewer oi 
Brst alley south of Passnacht st. to 
Linden ave., $1,053.90 L II. 

st.. from Huron to 

lie. Molnea, in. To Pol 
Monies, contract for const i 

ft. of W 

per gq. ft, and - I 
li ii. ft., respectively, 

Portland, He. Proposals foi 
structii Church 

avenue and Centennial road. Pe 

been opened and contract 
d to Raffaele I the lowest bid- 
der, at $760.60. Other bids received were 
lone .v Romano, $1 391. 18; R. B. 
Tuttle .V- Co.. $1,182.08; Frank Vui 

Rinaldo D Petrantonia, $1.- 
Gluseppe DiAscanlo & Co., 

BemidJI, Minn. — To L s. Eckstrum of 
mi laying of 

of 300 
ft. of 1 50 ft, of 12-in. pipe. 

320 ft of 10-in. pipe, fmir inlets and 
on.- manhole and accessories. 

s». .lu.cph. Mi>. — To John Marnell for 

sewer in district 60 and to E. F. Mig- 

me In district l 1 9. 

Hal. ion. >eii. — Contract te construct 

.stem to Offerman Construction 

Co., < im'aha. at $8, 

Illooiiilif Id. SI. J. — i 'on tract for laying 
of concrete drain In Bloomfield avenue. 
Bloomfleld, from Newark city line to 
Bloomfield centre, has been tentatively 
awarded by committee on roads and as- 
.. is of freeholders, to James T. 
Boylan, of Belleville. Work, including 
catch basins, will be completed for $81,- 
170.40, Four other proposals were re- 
ceived. These Were Joseph CeStOne, 

Mont.lair. $6,817.70; D'Amato & Steffa- 

neli. of X.-wark $6,943; Donato Fusco. of 
this city $7,041."70, and the Newark Pav- 
ing ' o 

I'lniiiiielil. N. J. — For construction of 
sanitary sewers bo Michael Garafano, 
Summit. ST. 283. Other bids as follows: 
Molds Bros., North Plainfield. Sfi.TGS: 
Alfonso Colucci, Plaii field, $8, 121; N. Y 
Dis en.. N. v. City, $11,771; 
Burke & Bonham, Plainfield. $8,476: T. 
Callahan. Elizabeth, $8,914. and 
Chas. A. Peterson, Plainfield. $8,282. An- 
drew J. Gavett, City Surveyor and Street 

siiiiih Aiiiiniy. V .1. — Resolution has 
been adopted awarding contract for ba- 
sin inlets, storm sewer, etc., on Stevens 
ave.. to O'Gara i- McGuire, they being 
bidders for worg. 

Oneldn, V If. — To A. W. Fitch con- 
struction of sewer in Sales 
si by Board of Public Works. His bid 
tract for Brooks st. sewer 
was awarded to Nixdorf ,v Dezenza, who 
bid $23:'.3a against $339.20 asked by 

Watervllet, N. v. — To Leary & Mor- 
rison, of Pairport, contract by storm 
sewer commission], tor completion of 
outlet siorm drain, for approximately 

Dickinson. V I). — To L W. Schruth 
and water extensions 

Scranton, Pa. — Following sewer con- 
trails have be A. Freda on 
it her bids were 
Summa & Co., 
ii.i South 
Blakely st. job, O'Bo) le Bros. « 
at $497.30 ' Ithers w. re M. Stipi 
A . C . \ L2.98; A. Freda, $690 

Bellows Palis, Vt. Conti act to con- 
struct se\\e,s here, lo p.a 1 ,1: i s. 1 1 -, . & Rob- 
inson, Bellows Falls 

Poyi Wash. Bid Of M, Kim. Ad- 
dison & Kline el $20,771.13 for mate- 
rial and work of improvement district 
No. 37 has heel, accepted by Cit) 

Only other bidder, j. i: Snyder of Ever- 
imltti d bid ■ i $20,781.43, but 

$10.30 above the bid accepted. District 
si, inn sewer on Ith avenue and 

1 Ith streets to Clark's . 

Seattle, Wash. — B) Board of Public 
Works for construction 
W. 56th Bt., to C. o at $2,767.30. 

ia. k. on. \\ la, i Schultz, Jr.. Bend Wis., contract by \ 

Jackson. Wis . for ciisli uclion 

Racine, w i. Lasmussen has 

s. wer contracts, being 
, bidder. On Thorwaldsen and 

V.IHle he hid 7"C. for 8-ln. pipe 

and $31 for manholes, and on Franklin 
street he bid 96c. for 8-ln. pipe and $40 
nbolea and catch i 


Denver, Colo. — The public unities 

-ion has decided that the Denver 

in ■ i Water Co. must sell its holdings 

100, or city will build entire 

vFalsenbnrajr, Colo. — W - meeting 

I .lection to 

bonds to 

I water syst 
Loganaport, Ind. — Board of works has 
bids for city filtration plant 
lerk to advertise for new 

Mlshawaka, Inil.— City Clerk J. L 

ert ise for bids on lots 

meters or more. 

Bastrop, La. — City will make improve- 

n its wit.r works and electric 

light plant. 

Fiiiriiniiii, via... — Legislative 
thorizlng town of Fairhaven to take 
over Fairhaven water works has been 
I today by overwhelming ma- 

liultith. Minn. — Finance Commissioner 
Voss proposes to hold bargain 
counter sale to dispose of $100,000 of 
c-rtificates of indebtedness to raise 
funds for needed improvements of water 
and lit-ht department. Certificates will 
he offered to public at office of City 
it McLean in denomina- 
tions of $50, $100 and $500 each. 

Coldwater, Mis*. — Coldwater will con- 
struct a water works system. 

>.«. Louis.. Mo. — Mayor Henry W. Kiel 
i iiunced he would have bills in- 
troduced in municipal assembly in next 
six months providing bond issue - 
next year to float bonds of $5,000,000 for 
new city waterworks. Present threat- 
ened shortage of water in Southwest 
St. Louis shows need of immediate steps 
towards new plant. 

Hillings. Mont. — Installation of mu- 
nicipal water plant is being discussed. 

Little Falls, \. v.— Installation of fil- 
tration plant for city water system is 
being considered. 

Raleigh, N. C. — It is definitely settled 
that city will take over plant of Wake 
Water Co, July 2 in time for revenue 
of that quarter to he payable to city 
under municipal ownership. 

Carrlngnton, N. D. — According to pres- 
ent plans, special election will be called 
In Carrington to vote on question of 
issuing water bonds to pay for bring- 
ing in water from big springs north of 

Bexley, O. — Bids are be 
for water works distribution system, 
consisting of about 8 miles «. S and 10- 
in pine. 134 valves. 7:> tire hydrants, 3, 
4 or 6-in. meters. 2 stream crossings. O, 
E. Fry is clerk, and A. Elliot Kimberlv 
is hydraulic and sanitary engineer. 

Norwood, O. — Bond issue of $135,000 
for imp i water works and 

electric light plant has been voted. 

Norwood, O. — Bond issue of $35,000 for 
installation of water-softening system 
■ en voted. 
Steubenvllle, O. — Water works im- 
provement bonds in sum of $200.0iia have 
- id by city of Steubenville to 
Weil, Both & Co., of Cincinnati, for 
' premium. 
Elvenwn, Pa. — New water plant at 
Will i est about $10.00H. Pro- 
se \ nil win lie of cemeo 
struction with concrete roof. 

Mice. Te*. — City has borrowed $5,000 
and will extend water mains another 
mile, which will take in much of resi- 
dential portion of city. 

i ommerce, Tex. — city Council lias 
called election for July in for purpose 
rmining issuing of $10,000 water- 
works bonds, Proceeds from 

lOnds will to- used to build and 
equip municipal pumping station. ,,i,,| 
install: - stem. 

Henderson, Tex.- City election held for 
waterworks bonds 
resulted lo 11^ for bond issue and only 
Sail i ake I Ity, I inn.— it has been de- 
cided to extend water main on 15th 
East and along Bryan and Logan aves. 
,,f about $2 
George M Cann 

July 3. 1913 



Hartford, Conn. — By water board foi- 
sted and iron pipe for Phelps brook line 
to Hanover Contracting Co., at $427, 53S, 
12-ln. cast iron, other bids as follows: 
Beaver Engineering & Contracting Co., 
$428,952.60, 44-in. riveted steel; the T. A. 
Gillespie Co.. $431,069.25, 42-in. lock bar; 
Beaver Engineering & Contracting Co., 
$442,113.50. 42-in. east iron; Long & Lit- 
tle, $451,127.50, 42-in. east iron; Beaver 
Engineering & Contracting Co., $40o,- 
761.60, 42-in. loek bar; P. J. Carlin Con- 
struction Co.. $533,200.60, 44-in. riveted 
steel; Riter-Conley Manufacturing Co., 
$554,525.95, 44-in. riveted steel; P. J. 
Carlin Construction Co., $558,765, 42-in. 
east iron; The Carroll-Porter B. & T. 
Co., $617,054. Mo, 1 4 -in. riveted steel; the 
Edward Balf Co., $663,775.45, 44-in. riv- 
eted steel. 

llnltimore. Mil. — Contracts for sluice 
gates and cast-iron pipes for filtration 
plant have been awarded by Board of 
Awards to Kauffman Pipe &. Valve Co. 
Of Boston and Morgan Pipe Foundry Co. 
of Lynchburg - , Va., respectively. 

Fall River, Mass. — By Water Board 
contract for setting; boilers and making- 
alterations and additions to boiler house 
at pumping station to William A. Bor- 
den at $10,500. 

Oxbridge, Mass. — Board of water com- 
missioners have opened bids on furnish- 
ing 1,200 feet of six-inch iron pipe for 
new water pipe extension in North Ux- 
bridge. Bids submitted were as follows: 
Allen & Heed Co., Providence, $24.70 
per ton; Fred. A. Haudlette, Boston. 
per ton: Charles Marble & Son, 
Boston, $25.40 per ton. Above pi 
f. o. b. railroad station. Contract was 
awarded to Allen & Reed Company, 

(•rand Rapids, Mich. — For city work, 
as follows: Buchanan av. water main. 
Hydraulic Engineering Co., $1,477.68; 
Leonard and other street mains, D. \V. 
I;. .yes, $683.66; Lafayette ave. water 
main, Hydraulic Engineering Co., $2,- 

(irand Rapid*, Mich. — For construction 
ol Buchanan ave. water main to Hy- 
draulic Enginering Co.. $1,477.68; Leon- 
ard and other street mains to D. W. 
Boyi 683 66; Lafayette ave. water 

mains, to Hydraulic Engineering Co., 

Niles, Mich. — To lay water mains in 
various streets to E. H. Power, Niles, at 
75 cts. per ft. 

Norfolk, Neb. — To extend water sys- 
tem to Genung Heating .v- Construction 
Co., Norfolk, at $9,100. 

Lockport. \. V. — Contract for drain 
and water pipe in Price ave. has been 
awarded to C. B. Whitmore Co. at its 
bid of $1,570. Other bidders were: C. N. 
Stainthorpe & Co., $2,100; F. J. Le Val- 

Schenectady, N. V. — By board of con- 
tract and supply to Security steel & 
on Co., of Troy, for 1,060 12-ft. 
lengths of cast iron pipe 24 ins. in diam- 
eter. Bid price was $20.45 per ton. As 
pipe weighs 2,550 lbs. per length, total 

cost will amount to between $28, and 

$29,000. This pipe is to be used by wa- 
ter works department. 

Dickinson, N. I). — Bids for water 
works and sewerage extension in dis- 
tricts No. 3, 4, 6 and 6 of citj of Dick- 
inson have i ti received, L. \v. Schruth 

of Fargo was awarded contract as his bid 
was lowest and amounted to $18,363.05, 
Bids received from various contracting 
companies numbr red seven a nd were a a 
follows: Grams & Peat, ,if Bismarck, 
125,452; Frazer & Danforth, of St, Paul, 
$24,301.60; C. H. Porritt, of Fargo, $23,- 
270.91; Ge,, W. Kemper, of lies Moines, 
la.. $22,969. and James Id i dy, of Far- 
go, $20,831.40. 

\kron, o. — City service department 
■ I bids for 51-In. carrier pipe. 
3,000 ft. in length to be built under the 
Cuyahoga River for supply to filtration 
plant. Pipe will extend from source of 
supply to filtration plant. Kennedy & 
Jones, Utiea, N. Y., received contract Cor 
work of constructing pipe line. Their 
bid was $74,700, 

Pleasant City, <>. — To construct water 
system to F R, St. me. Lima, O., at $14,- 
:!."," H. I.. Maddock, Newark, (>., is con- 
sulting engineer. 

Providence, R. I. — Water board has 
awarded contract for setting boilers and 
making alterations and additions to 
boiler' house at pumping station to Wil- 
liam Borden, whose bid was $10,500. 

Fort Worth. Tex. — Contract 1. etwee,, 
City of Port Worth and Fort Worth 

Power & Light Co., which provides that 
latter shall furnish additional water for 
city on North side, lias been Bled with 
City Secretary, M. P. Harwood, Jr. Con- 
tract provides citj maj us,- such 

amount of water from Nutt plant as it 
may desire for twelve months from and 
after time the Power company is ready 
to furnish it. at rate ol In cts pel 

1,1 call, , lis. metered at Nutt plant, with 

daily maximum of 700,000 gallons sub- 
ject to needs of Nutt id, int. Twelve 
months from time Power company be- 
gins its delivery, city must either' make 
contract to take at least 100,000 gal- 
lons of water a day from company, pay- 
ing lo cts. per 1.000 gallons, or refund 
to Power company amount expended by 
latter in purchasing and installing extra 
machinerj which this arrangement 
necessitates, in which latter case ma 
chinery becomes property of city with 
right to remove it at will. City is to 
pay for connecting of city main with 
company's wells. 

Galveston, Tex. — To O. E. Fisher Bldg. 
Co., Galveston, contract for installation 
of fresh and salt water mains at federal 
quarantine station, for $3,2x4. 

Seattle, Wash. — liy Board of Public 
Works, for Cedar River masonry dam. 
to Xettleta-Bruce-Schbach Co., at 
J687,! 10. 


I, os Vngeles, Oil. — Steps contemplat- 
ing municipal ownership of Los Angeles 
lighting system have been taken by two 
blanches of municipal government. 

Cedar Kails, la. — c.dar Falls has dis- 
posed of $50,000 bond issue and is going 
to establish its own lighting plant with 
proceeds of that issue. 

Bastrop, La. — City will make improve- 
ments on its electric light and water 
works plant. 

Hay City, Mich. — At meeting of orna- 
mental lighting committee in offices of 
board of commerce, committee decided 
definitely in favor of adoption of lumin- 
ous or flamng arc system of street 
lighting. One hundred and fifty lamps 
will be installed, five to a bLock in 200 
ft. blocks, and four to block in 200 ft. 
blocks. Estimated cost. $27,000. 

l,e»istown„ Mont. — City council has 
adopted resolution creating special light- 
ing district to embrace recently created 
paving district, and it is proposed to 

rplete both of these improvements 

this year-. They will include whole of 
business district. 

Blnghamton, N. Y. — Plans for munici- 
pal lighting plant are ready and City 
Clerk will lie directed to advertise for 
bids on construction of municipal light- 
ing system. 

Blnghamton, \. V. — Bids will be re- 
ceived by P. M. Hopkins, Secy. Board 
of Estimate, until July 16 for purchase 
of municipal lighting bonds. 

Home, \. V. — City Engineer Tlunkett 
has been directed to prepare plans and 
specifications for lighting system, so 
that ornamental System may lie extend- 
ed, if ton ml practicable, covering James 
and Dominick streets, using light for 80 
clusters of four loo-watt lamps. 

(■rand Forks, N. D. — After long dis- 
cussion on question of either- improving 
municipal light plant or contracting 
for supply of current from private com- 
pany, city council has decided in favor 
of municipal plant. Equipment will be 
Improved bj addition of about $13,000 
worth of new' machinery, and plant will 
lie put in Hist class condition. 

Norwood, <>. — Bond issue of $135,000 
for improvement of electric light plant 
and waterworks has been voted. 

Covington, Tenn. — Installation of 
"great white way'' has been planned. 

\rnnsns Pass.. Tex. — City Council has 
granted C. J. Stanzel of the Aransas .Ma- 
chine & Boiler Works franchise for light 
and power plant. He will commence 
in iliately to build modern plant. 

Denlson, Tex. — The Texas Power & 
Light Co. has announced it will erect 
large power plant at cost of about $1,- 

three miles north of Denison on 

Red Liver. 

\\ cstlioro, Tex. — Plans are nude, con- 
sideration by city for construction of a 
municipal electric light plant. J. C. 
Jones is City Secy. 

Lynchburg, Va. — improvement of 
lighting system of Main st. is being con- 

Kainlnops, II. C. — Plans are being pre- 
pared by J. J. Carment, Engr., for a new 
$260,000 hydro-electric plant to be lo- 
cated on B'arriere River, near Kamloops. 


Anoka. Minn.— By Stati i 

trol t ract tor ., i 

plan! .ii • ol 
tor insane, including boilers, stokers, 
pumping machinerj and piping, to J. P. 
Adamson & Co., St, Paul, at : ^-': 

Newark, \. .1 — The Public 

Electric Co. have placed irdi 

the Mollis iron & Steel Co., through 
their genera] ■ t, J. W. Bache, 

Cor i6a combination trollej and are light 

poles oi a design made by the Public 

Service Co.'s engineers 

Niagara Falls, \. Jf. — Board of public 

works has awarded contracts for equip- 
ment to,- Falls and the North Main street 
decorative lighting systems. Tin Falls 
street system will be in operation about 
August 15 and the North Main street 
system about a week later-. Thi Eli 
tin t;a ilway. Equipment Co. of , Unci i 
nati, O., was awarded contract for U2 
poles ii $49.85 each, sufficient numlur 
lor Earls and the Main street systems. 
The works board awarded contract lor 
224 luminous magnetite arcs to Genera: 
Electric Co. for $S,064, — $36 each. Gen- 
eral Electric Co. was also awarded eon- 
tract for complete transforming ami rec- 
tifying equipment at its bid of $3,498. 

Defiance, O. — Ordinance has been 
passed by city council authorizing ser- 
vice director to enter into contract with 
Baltimore cV: Ohio and Wabash R. R. 
companies for lighting of certain street 
crossing in city. 

Galveston, Tex. — Contract for orna- 
mental lighting of Broadway from 
-'1st east to 11th street has been 
awarded to Max Levy as lowest bidder, 
his bid being $8,820. Of this amount Gal- 
veston Electric Co., according to agree- 
ment recently reached, will pay sum of 
$7,500. The remainder of amount will 
be made up from budget of electric light 


Auburn. Cal. — Members of uptown fire 
company have launched movement to 
purchase auto-fire truck to be properly 
equipped with fire-fighting apparatus. 

Berkeley, Cal. — Bond issue of $.",70,1,1,11 
has been ordered advertised for sale, of 
which $95,000 will be for improvements 
of fire department. 

Watts. Cal.— About $15,000 will prob- 
ably be spent on fire alarm system and 
chemical engine. 

Albany, Ga. — Taxpayers will vote on 
1,1011,1 issue for purchase of tire appa- 

Oelweln, In. — Purchase of motor com- 
bination chemical and ladder truck is 

Topeka, Kan — Plans will be drawn for 
rebuilding of Fire Station No. 1 in North 

Cliftondnle, Mass. — Purchase of gas 
pump fire engine with capacity of 600 
gallons a minute is advocated. 

Lynn, Mass. — Highland residents are 
urging installation of pumping engine 
and combination ladder and chemicals 
at fire station. 

Saugus. Mass. — Taxpayers will vote on 
June 30 on appropriating sum ,of $7,000 
to purchase gasoline pump engine, and 
sum of $400 for fire hose. 

Kocknray, N. .1. — Installation of fire 
alarm system will be discussed at meet- 
ing on June 27. 

Bergen, N. Y. — Need of additional fire 
equipment is being discussed. 

Port Chester, N. Y. — Taxpayers will 
shortly vote on purchase of tractor 
for use of fire department. Estimated 
cost, $3,500. 

Syracuse, \. Y. — Installation of motor 
apparatus is urged. 

Niles. (».— Kids will be received at of- 
fice of City Auditor of city of Niles un- 
til 2 01 lock p. m., July 29, for purchase 
of bonds for said city in aggregate sum 
of $10,500, issued for purpose of equip- 
ping and furnishing new tire department 
building; purchase of new fire appara- 
tus, and repairing and improving pres- 
ent fire building and prison. Homer 
Thomas is City Auditor. 

Media. Pa. — Purchase of auto combin- 
ation wagon has been authorized. 

lli'K,'f»l«Ml. Pa. — Fire Chief McCullj 
has asked fire committee for 1,500 feet 
,,f 2%-inch hose. Controller has been 
instructed to advertise for bids. 

Bristol, Tenn. — Installation of auto- 
niii 11, alarm system is recommended. 

Waxahachle, Tex. — At meeting of City 
Council order was passed authorizing 
purchase of auto lire engine. 

ML Pleasant, Utah. — Purchase of mod- 
ern equipment is being considered. 


Vol. XXXV, No. 1 

* X ii 

at request ol has submitted 
following repi pa rt men I . 

a i.i u 101 cbem 

teal engine 


.1 mi hose 

w i Una-, nr. Vs. i motor 


WllllanutowB, \\ . «». — Election will 

be held tor voting on $7, bo 

for new equlpi 

Belolt, H Is.— J 
Lsation of fli 

possible,' together with introdui 
two pli 

Stoughton, Wis. \ motoi combina- 
tion chemical and hose wag-on will prob- 
ably in- pun ."hiii ional lad- 
nd "i her "<iu I , 

CONTB vi i v \h \um:n. 

Birmingham, \in._ [on of i» o 

Burns .it follow lug 
prices: For Falrvlew building, $4,994, 
.mil tor K:isl 
\*-m Bedford, Haas. — Two motor pump- 
Fox Co., 
i one 30- 
h.p. Buick i .ii' for ' 'in. i Dahlli h 

ii nded i or,' by lire de- 
partment commit tee. A. total sp 

100 is asked for bj 
committee, $18,000 being i", pumping 

for extension of fire alarm system. 
Highland Park, V J — To Ameriean- 
: i Engine Co., contract toi 

nn.' l-cyl., i" lip. mimi.ii' triple-combina- 
tion wagon, wnii pumping capacity of 

9. i. .'I- minute, at (8, >. 

I i.k.-n. \. J.— Bj 1 ken Fire 

i ontracts to I :.. mew ell Fire Alarm 

■ fi nova] of Hoboken's 

..1. 1 m. i i i idequati alarm sysl 

Installation of new Gamewel] Co.'s 

bid was $76 i"i iiox. 

Newark, \. J. — For Installing fire 

alarm system at County Isolation Hos- 

been tentatively 

Flags Co. of New 

Fork, at (1, 

Pitman, V .1. — \i special meeting of 
Pitman Fire <',, No. i .i was decided to 
purchase new double tank "Holloway" 
horse-drawn fire engine from s. F. Hay- 
ward Co., representatives of American- 
1 i .... of Elmiru, ' 

Trenton, v .1. — Commissioner LaBarre 

i t.. i 'm i tommission that 

| given contract 

tor furnishing 5,000 ft. ..t rubber hose 

for tin- department at cost of 85 cts. a 


Men lurk, v i. — International Motor 
1 to., of New "> ..ii. City, was onlj bidder 

lor furnishing In in..t 

Wilkes Barre, pa. — Resolution will be 
rdlng contract to 
Pennsylvania Supplj Co. for 400 ft. of 
4-ply h 

Denis Tex. — Tlbbi Is a Hog u 

contracto ded eon 

tra< i to ei eel ih,. Southside tire station. 

zed in i 'it \ Council. 

Norfolk, Vn, — Contracts for two motor 
■ •■ Board of Con- 
trol t., Front Drive Motoi Co., of Ho- 
, oi tractors 
Is $3,950. (in. 

. is and 
1 1 1 .ii No i 
i .'.i in 
nlni da 



Vrls. — i 

Stat" : i i 

bridge win in north 

i . ounty 

■ lagstaff 
ami Wlnslow 

Deddlna;, Cal. PI 


oss Sac- 
wide and BOO ■ ,11 ,-i Sl . 
i. watei mark Es- 

Reddlna-, < ill. _ i have 


Julj ■:. w i, 

issue of 
. ■ • i .- ... in, i,,i 

• a Mai 

*iin .iiino, (hi. — Plans 
i lone tar i'i-iiii'...t ced concrete brld 

.i and clerl 
Lenvenworth, Ki Itj 

prep i" of 

rost of I i .ii over 

Three .Mile . i I .1. :,l I'll th street. 

utiles < Ity, Hont. — Road Committee 

has h. .a. nisi mi. led 1.. ha I • .mi 

■ nt Immediately submit esti- 

,1 Little 

.Missouri River, near Ala i 111:1 11 h. N. U., 

missing lmk in great automobile 

an. I t." 

from Twin City i,. Yellowstone Park, 
of ov.-r 1,100 miles. Expense 
n ture will be appoi tiom .1 among 
Minnesota and two Dakotas. 
Ncn-nrk, V .1. of new bridge 
ovei barge canal at East Newark is be- 
Herkimer, n. ¥. — Construction ..1 West 
Canada creek bridge is being discussed. 
Oswego, \. \. — Committee has been 
appointed at joint meeting of the of- 
ficlals of towns ol Oswego and Volney 
to secure new plans for bridge over 
Oswego River at Minetto. it has been 
led havi plani pa red for re- 
inforced C a-ete structure, with 24-ft 

roadwaj and 5-ft. sidewalks. Bridi 

this construction and size, it 1 - 

mated, would cost about sun, 

iVnrl River, -V Y. — Erection of steel 

rete bridge at Central ave., near 

Fisher's livery stable, in Pearl River, 

a authorized. Plans and speci- 

ficl as can lie seen at offices of Mr. 

Essex or Town .Superintendent Wahren- 
it Palisades. 
Rochester, N. v. — Proposed bridge 
i..s- Cenesee River at Stutson st 
Charlotte, to cost not more than $200,- 

1 is being discussed. 

Kiiisliin. ,\. C. — Clans submitted by 
Owego Bridge Co., of New Stork, have 
been adopted by the Lenoir Countv Com- 
missioners for construction of modern 
steel bridge across Neuse River at point 
near LaGrange, but every bid for con- 
tract submitted was rejected as naming 
an excessive figure. New bids will be 
had. Bridge will probably cost in neigh- 
borhood of $10,000. will be several hun- 
dred feet long, and will connect two 

Cincinnati, O. — Plans for reconstruc- 
tion of Lost Bridge, at Elizabethtown, 
Which was washed away during flood, 
1 approved by Countj Commis- 
sioners and ordered advertised. Esti- 
mated cost is $130,666.50. 

Dayton, O. — Permission to construct 
temporary bridge at Fifth Street over 
Miami river, to replace .me washed away 
by nobd, has been granted Service Di- 
rector R. P. Sebold and citv emergency 

a 1 commission. The estimated cost of 

bridge will be $11,000. and bids upon 
work will have to be at this figure or 

Delinnce. O. — At meeting of Countj 
Commissioners resolution was adopted 
declaring it necessary to issue bridge 
Lou, Is iii amount of $66,000 to rebuild 
Hopkins st. bridge and rebuild and make 
to othei bridges in county 

Carlisle, Pa. — County Commissi rs 

" pe t new concrete bridge to 

take place of old wooden structure about 

old, known as Miller's bridge 

. tonodoguinet, partly In West 

Pennsboro and parti] in Frankford 


HcKeesport, Pa.- A new bridge, span- 
ning Mo, mug , hetw ",'ii Mc- 
Keesport and Duquesne, is belt 


w niiiiiigton. Pa, — Plans foi Bub truc- 
ture ..1 Brownsville bride. 

.1 and bids will be advert 

Line. New bi Idge will 
cost Washington and Fayette counties 

covin vers \\\ \nm:ii. 

Marlon, Ind. — To 

It 1 net 
, in .1 
. Will 

river, it 
tun of two 

was 01 

Includes both 

was $11,600 

both steel and 

Emetl K. 11 

' 1 n . ',. snhmi 

I. .if,, 

.tie Bni 

.... .neer- 
1 .a . onstruction of 
fferson tow nship for 

be pi..". .1 ,,\ er Mis- 
will be 
and the bid 
plans. The ",,, 1 

sub ami sup, , 

latlon i,.i tin 
, , 
concrete structures. 

on, was the 


\i i", x. . ma m- the 

the J 
to Mr. Hoi 

■ ire, The bid 

is follows: National 
..I Indianapolis, $13,72!>, 

il Grant county, $14,- 
927. These bids wire cons 

ded for a si eel 
Hutchinson, Knn, — By board • 

.',0 rein- 

I a. bridges to St. Joe Con- 

itchinson, at $14,750. 

Dws: Everitt & Burt, 

11,' tonst .v- Engr. Co., $16,- 

300; McLeod ,v- Crandle, $16,157; Stauffer 

Const. I',.. Wichita, Kan., $18,716; Mis- 

s 1 Valley Bridge Co., Wichita, $21,- 

i. Kansas city, $16,- 
ECansas Const. Co., Wichita, $21.- 
600 '• <■■ -Mel. an,- is city engini 

Baltimore, Md. To Elkan-Tuft Const. 

infract by state roads commission 

for erection of concrete bridge over 

Gwynn's Falls and Western .Maryland 

R ,1 Frederick avenue. Price is to 

for bridge proper, and $14,696 

'." > Ings, inn 1 in- si'.v.iim; in all. This 
. include the back rilling and pav- 
ing of the bridge, which will be let in 
sepa 1.1 1" contract. 

>rn Brunswick, \. J. — Contract has 
iwarded by board to Walter W. 1. i • nbush for $790 for erection of 
new concreti bridge ovei Hei ,1 
on Woodbridge-Metuchen road. 

Cincinnati, O. — Contract for alterations 
on lift bridge over canal at Section ave.. 
II.. rt well, have been awarded to Brack - 
ett Construction Co., at $2,250. Work 
will commence immediately. 

Springfield, (>. — By board of county 
commissioners of Hamilton county, Cin- 
cinnati, contract for alterations to lift 
bridge over Miami river and Erie canal 
11 Section Ave.. Springfield, to O. D. 
-'.".23 Ashland Ave.. Cincinnati, at 

Warren. O. — The County Commission- 
ers have decided to replace bridge that 
was out by recent flood at Hard- 
scrabble with new structure. Bids on 
new bridge and substructure were re- 
ceived by the commissioners and con- 
tracts were awarded to Luper & Remick 
of Buffalo, N. Y., for substructure for 
$12,750. Superstructure will be put in 

b.\ liini-i' ! f Martin's 

I'. 1 1 s foi $7,374.89. 

Harrlsbnrg, Pa. — By state to James O. 
Lord Co., Hastings, Pa., for construction 
ot bridge over Mahoning Creek at 
Mack's fording. Armstrong county, at 

Wllliamsport, Pa. — County Commis- 
sioners of Lycoming countv have award- 
ed i tracts for nine bridges through- 
out county to three different contract- 
ors. Successful bidders, their bids and 
bridges awarded to them are as fol- 
I B - Fie, ] Sanders. Plunketts Creek, 
'Yalsoek. S:i56; Eldred, $S65, and 
' > :,: ' V '', M.ihaffev. stone arch 
bridges. Limestone, $399; Gamble, $495, 
and Muncj Creek, $349. Groton Bridge 
Co., Washington. $1,044: Mill Creek, $644. 
■ Iridium City, Utah. — Bids for con- 
n of steel ami concrete bridges 
In Box Elder county have been opened 
D3 County Commissioners, and were as 
follows: Cement bridges at Honeyville 
Mantua, west of Brigham City. Beaver 
Ham and Salt Cr.ek. Fowler & Chris- 
tiansen, Brig] 1, $4,2 i 6 60; .lames .1 

Burke Co., $8,153: Rvberg Bros., $4 35H 
Contract was awarded to the firm of 
Fowlei & Christiansen. Fur construc- 
tion of st",! bridges following bids were 
1, mi, - .1. Burke Co., $839; Min- 
■ Steel & M 
1.1 1 ii.. Bridge c,,., $900; United States' 
Bridge Co $739; a. \ Clark Co., $735. 
in, bid pi I ,,eepted. 

-■- 1 '" I bi idge « ill be constructed over 
mar Plymouth. 


Sacramento, Cal, — On motion of Com- 

1 W Uder and by vote of 4 to 1 

" llls '" M ,1 call for bids for 

remodeling of two upper Hours only 
■• bid for remodeling of 
building, it [s esiii. 

will cost in lie, 

, l ' : ""« ?*■ ' ". IN.— Jones Park, the 

beautiful plot ol ground lying about 

" ks south of Amusement Park 

on Caseyville road. In East Lansdowne. 

will he en nveried im,, first class public 
Is. .lining and recreation re- 
sort. If plans which were formulated bv 
East St Boms Park 

July 3. 1913 


Union Rouge, La. — Baton Rouge has 

i issue $225,000 in bonds for city 

ments. Of this sum $90,000 will 

he spent for paved streets, (20,000 for 

drainage, sin, i for city parks, 

for a negro si tool, $35, 

tentlary site, $10, for a charity hos- 
pital and $12,0000 for abattoir. 

Gloucester, Mass. — The committee on 
finance has awarded municipal and im- 
provement loan of $60,000 to Merrill, 
( ddham & Co., of Boston. 

Saginaw, Mich. — Purchase of t 
torcycles has been recommended. 

St". I'aul. Minn. — Site is being consid- 
er, d tor erection of municipal ice house. 
Hillings. Mont. — Purchase of automo- 
bile patrol wagon is being considered. 

Atlantic City. N. J. — .New auto patrol 
and three motor cycles will probably be 

iti in- lutiiitoii. .V V. — Plans have been 
completed for erection of observatory at 
El> Park and will be submitted to Com- 
men Council. _„^ . 

Schenectady, .\. Y — A $7,000 bond is- 
sue to provide money with which to 
build public comfort station and band 
stand in Crescent Park lias been ap- 
proved bv Common Council. 

White (Mains, N. Y. — Board of Trustees 
is considering question of garbage in- 

\kr..n. O. — Plans have been prepared 

■ineer Pratt for garbage disposal 

and sewage plants. Estimated cost, 

and $350,000, respectively. 

Iliir.lcton, Pa. — Purchase of steam 
roller has been authorized. 

Philadelphia, Pa. — Proposals for 1914 
city contract foT removal of garbage 
have been invited. 

Wilkes Bnrre, Pa. — City Councils will 
be asked to consider plan of having city- 
unite with Bennett Garbage Disposal Co. 
for collecting and disposition of all city- 

Central Falls. R. I. — Another appropri- 
ation of $14,500 has been made by Com- 
mon Council, to be added to amounts 

already set aside for construct! id 

equipment of new police station and 
court house. 

Dallas, Tex. — Three additional street 
flushing machines are to be bought by 
city at cost of $1,100 each, delivered at 

Fort "Worth, Tex. — Preparations are 
already being made tor election which 
will be held Julv 19 to determine if 

$2 00 in jail lien, Is shall be issue, 1. 

Mm Vntonio, Tex. — City is contem- 
plating installation of garbage incinera- 
tors to cost about $50,000 

Seadiift, Tex. — Municipal wharf is be- 
ing- planned for this port that will ac- 
commodate 50,000 hal.s ,,! cotton. 

Ogden, Utah. — Commissioners have 
voted to establish rock crusher on hill- 
side just east of city to supply ruck for 
unpaved streets. 

.Norfolk, Va. — Resolution appropriating 
$4,000 for establishment and mainte- 
nanc of five publi, playgrounds has 
been recommended. 

Seattle, Wash. — Superintendent of 
Lighting has been authorized to pur- 
chase following auto trucks: One 2-ton 
Alco, $2,600; one 2-ton Mack, $2,750; one 
Standard Krit chasis, $900; one 1-ton 
,', M. C. electric, $2,750. 

Spokane, Wash. — The city has in- 
structed purchasing agent to advertise 
10,000 gallon- ol »a solini 
for city automo 

Tacoma, Wash. — Plans are being pre- 
pared by Commissioner of Public Works 
Owen Woods for dock system and break- 
water that probably will I"- built near 
Old Town. 


Oakland, Cal. — Bids for removal of 
city's garbage for ensuing fiscal year 
have been opened by city council. Five 
bids in all were received. Bid 01 
Steamship Co.. which is at present car- 
rying Oakland's refuse out to sea, was 
lowest, company offering to dispose of 
garbage for $2. ISO per month. 

San Francisco, Cal. — Bids for furnish- 
ing, fabricating and delivering struc- 
tural steel for city Hall have been 
opened by Board of Public Works. Low- 
est was filed by United States Steel 
Products Co., which agreed to deliver 
steel in the shortest of three periods of 
time allowed for delivery, $520,000. There 
and to deduct $118,342 from 
this price if city would pay freight. 
Next lowest bidder was Phoenix Iron 
other Eastern concern, which bid 
on all three periods of time and agreed 
to deduct $121.11110 from its price if it 
did not have to pay freight. Its figures 
were: For shortest time. $545,000; next 

period of time, $530, 01 longest 

time allowed for delivery, $520,000. There 
were three San Francisco bidders, and 
each of them bid only on longest time- 
allowed. Their figures were: Union 
Iron Works, $571,750; Pacific Rolling 
Mills, $532,000; Dyer Bros., $585,099. Bids 
were taken under advisement. 

Savannah, Ga. — By City, contract for 
constructing proposed garbage inciner- 
ator to the Destructor Co., Ill Broad- 

wav. New York City, at $121'. < 

South Bend, lnd. — To Hilton Hammond 

contract for construction of South Bend 

i Station, their bid being $12,- 

900. Station will be erected at southwest 

corner of Washington ave. and .Main st. 

Nov Bedford, Mass. — Committee on 
police has recommended that automobile 
to be used as police patrol wagon he a 
Buiek. furnished by Standard .Motor Car 
selected is 5-passenger touring- 
ear and price is $1,340, including top, 
eld, speedometer, tools and ex- 
tra tire rim. 

Springfield, Mass. — To E. T. Davis & 
Son, 157 Lebanon St., Springfield, for con- 
struction of West side incinerator, esti- 

m. ,i, ,1 t,, cost $8, 

i liisholm. Minn. — Village council has 
• 1 of several bids. Concrete 
mixed bids were Standard Salt & Cement 
Co. of Duluth, ranging in pric 
$824 to $1,440, according to the capacity 
of the machine; the William B. Hough 
Co. of Minneapolis. $1,269; the Milwau- 
kee Concrete Mixer, $1,9S0; Municipal 
Engineering and Contracting Co. of Chi- 
cago, $1,400; Koehring Machine Co. of 
Milwaukee, Wis.. $1,650 and $1,900, re- 
spectively. Bid of Municipal Engineer- 
ing and "Contracting Co. was accepted. 
Contract for steam roller went to the 

c, i [;,,;,,ls .Machinery Co. of Fort 

, lnd., $2,257. Other bidders were: 
Buffalo Steam Boiler Co., $3,000; Wag- 

ner-Langemo Co., .Minneapolis, $2,500, 
and Austin V. 

Co., Duluth district, Che Ket- 

tle River Co. was a ■■■• 

lurnishii sq. yds. 

of 3-in. creosoted tamarack wood blocks 
at $1.41 per sq. yd., a tota I 
the only otbj c biddei being the Republic 
Co. of Minneapolis, $1.52 per 
sq. yd., total bid. $22,318.16. I 
for furnishing of approximately 3,000 
barrels of Portland cement and not over 
3,900 barrels, was awarded to the Range 
Lumber Co., their bid being the 
the King Lumber Co., both Chisholm 

Bis Timber, Mont. — Contract for new 
jail, to I" erected ai back "i city hall, 
has been awarded to D. H. Marsh. Jail 
and fixtures or,- to be furnished for $1,- 
7S0. Steel work was given to Barnum 
Co. of Detroit Steel Works for $1,200. 

Newark, N. J. — For installing air 
washer system at courthouse, to Buffalo 
Forge Co. of New York, at $2,494. 

Trenton, \. J. — State House Commis- 
sion has opened bids for building of ad- 
ditional loo ft. cement wall along river, 
which will make continuous wall from 
upper Delaware bridge to mouth of the 
Assanpink Creek. Matthew J. Best was 
lowest of seven bidders. His price was 
$1,428 and contract was awarded to him. 
New ^ ork City, -\. Y. — Bids have been 
opened by Public Service Commission 
for construction of section iof Brooklyn 
Rapid Transit Broadway subway be- 
tween Houston and Bleecker sts. and 
southern end of Union sq. The bids put 
in yesterday were: Dock Contractor Co., 
2 Rector St., New York City, $2,578,000; 
Oscar Daniels Co., Woolworth Bldg., 
New York City, $2,650,000; Degnon Con- 
tracting Co., 60 Wall st., New York City, 
$2,735,000; Underpinning & Foundation 
Co., 290 Broadway, New York City, $2,- 
749,000; Mason & Hanger Co., Van Cort- 
landt Park, New York City, $2,758,000; 
E. E. Smith Contracting Co., 1"1 Park 
ave., New York City. $2,799,000; Hol- 
brook, Cabot & Rollins Corporation, 331 
Madison ave., New York City, $2,S41,- 
000; Clan ford Co.. 190 Montague St., 
Brooklyn, $2,861,000 Godwin Const. Co.. 
251 Fourth ave.. New Y'ork City, $3,048,- 
000; Booth & Flvnn. 378.., Broadway, New 
York City, $3,136,000; .1. F. Cogan Co., 
contractors, Woolworth Bldg., New Y'ork 
City, $3,310,000. Figures given are un- 
official and are supplied by contractors, 
it is probable that work will be award- 
,i I., the Dock Contractor Co. 
Scheneclaily. NT. ^ . — By Board of Con- 
trot i- Supply for automobile for street 
superintendent to J. J. Aker at $750. 

Walton, X. Y. — To E. A. Fuller, of 
Scranton, Pa., for erection of new mu- 
nicipal building at $60,000. 

White Plains, N. Y. — Street committee 
has been empowered to purchase a ten- 
ton gasoline roller, of the Austin West- 
ern Road Machinery Co., of Chicago. 

Washington, Pa. — Council has passed 
ordinance providing for erection of gar- 
bage furnace on borough farm at Ar- 
den, all arrangements for which had 
been approved heretofore by council. 
Contract has already been awarded to 
W K Herbert, for a plant according to 
his system of disposing of garbage. It 
will be a 20-ton plant and will cost 






Pa., Homestead 7.30 p.m., July- 
Pa., Exeter 6 p.m.. July 

O., Columbus 2 p.m.. July- 
Wash.. Spokane July 

X Y.. New York. .11 a.m.. July 

[an Isbui a . . n, Julj 

N. Y.. New York... 11 a.m.. July 

I'a.. Aspinwall .", p.m., July 

Tex.. Terrill July 

Tenn., Nashville :i a.m., July 

Ia„ Burlington 2 p.m., July 

N. J.. Trenton. .. .2.30 p.m., July 

O., Canton July 

la.. Charles CitJ noon, July 

N. Y., New York July 

STREETS AND ROADS p Trautman, Boro. Clk. 

:vlt: bn'l, two pW - :■•• ■ w ' F Dougherty, Ss y. 

. Waterbound macadam. 1.54 miles in Elk Twnshp Marker State Hv C 

Vit. brick. 1 mile in Cambridge Twnshp rlmiSr Hayden 

. imp. and draining and p., - ■ , V P \|, . -," Secv 

Bit macadam around Ashokan reservoir I- P- Morrissey, 

8EWEIUOE Fritchev, Comr. 

Sewers in I wo streets &■ & - r " u '" c ' ! 

■WATER. SUPPLY , ... . „„.„,„ 

Bronze gate valves, etc '•"■ '" Watel bl ' 1 ' 1 ' 1 ' 


Poles, insulators and wires. ISO street fixtures H. C. L,ea, supi. 

FIRE EQH.niE.VT . . . . J. R. Bond, Ch. 
. Fire house "■ 

♦ h ,. ir1t ,e l ! RIDCiES -R- G. Connell. Ch. Comm. 

. Six concrete bridges " ■ . Parrntt Co \ uu 

.Two bridges, 84 and 70-ft. spans £■ W. Parrott, ^co. 

. Concrete floor OH Hall ° ' 

. Two bridges ■.■•;»« t-t p Rosenkrans Co \ud 

Bridges and culverts: cost. $9.500 H. B. Rosenkians. co. auu. 


.Broadway subway, 14th to 26th St P"b- Seiv - Comm. 



Vol. XXXV, No. 1 


Hamilton, Mil. — I 

count] »iii bold t i i ■ 

county. It is 
Intention ol lourt to 

build some 


Oakland, ' al. npro^ ing 

I ountr.i i Hub « [I 

on be- 
yond I iaremont 

Delaware < ".<. Del. — 

Miami, I'ln. County Commissioners 
are now il i man) 

Dck roads In different parts of 
counts ■ 

((iiini'.t. in. — Vogi - 
tween Broadway and State, and State 
st are to be Improved this summer. 
i toi n ork has been awarded to 
ollcnelmann Steel Construction 

hii)tr.'\ ements will i 
ing and 

Ullnton, i»- — Preliminar) Btep£ 
I st., from Fifth to 
been taken. 
i><-» Moines, iii. Supervisors of Polk 
county will spend $20 a mile thi 
in dragging count) system ol 

h rain. Entire distam i 
covered Is i~~ miles. All thesi 
roads will bi 

Dodge < •'■>. « — n is probable latesl 

I n Kan- 
sas will con til in highwaj from I. ox- 
Neb., to this city. 
Junction < Ity, Kim. — Geary county 
will adopt county roads system and 

ioners will di 
i ounty roads a t i heir nexi i gulai meel 
in?; whirii begins on J 

Shreveport, ■■'■• — City Council lias 
withdrawn Its bid of Cin- 
cinnati men for purchase ol flOl.E i' : 

per lint Shreveport improvement bonds. 
Council has ., i ia nged for anothei eli 
Hon, to bond issue, I 

5 per i to vote 

11 itus for si i 

Hasting*, Mich. — Hastings Council will 

submit $ln.i bonding pro j eel to voters 

for purpose of improving highwi 


Dnlnth, Minn — West End buslni 

to use initia I 

paving of West Superior st.. Ji 

Oneota st. to 46th ave. It is esti- 

«. ill am 

Minneapolis, Minn. — Grading 
Ing will be extent of street improve- 
nder ] od roads 

commit ti I louncil this year. 

n ttei has i 

new street work be confined to 

Cor wa- 
fers ) ea i will be 
work already ordered. Operations 
of Elwell act tor street impi 
t.. be trl v, ork now 


cost are belli 

Brldg-eton, V I. — Brldi 

lded to spend no mon 

- mi ex- 

■.'. 1 1 ii bit nlii bii 
Camden, v .i — Ordinances have been 
providing for improving of vari- 
ous Btr 

Brooklyn, N. ^ .— i authorization 

paving With asphalt 

• ah st.. from Fifth ave. to 
18th ave., estimated 

Irani Pitkin to old th of 

i i $33,800. 

i n\ i it \i i v \\\ LRDBD. 

i- aix, Irbh— For pi 

ave boule. t' Arizona Paving Co. for 3 
miles ■■!' bltullthlc concri I 

Spring-Held, in. To Jami - Bi etz con- 

I'url \\ B) BF, lull. — 

irded live ol six sidewalk 
other on 

of An- 
per 1 1 ii. ft. ; wi 

lln. ft, 

per lln. ft.; 

lon of I 

lln. ft., and south side of Force 

st., Irani paint 80 it. west of Franklin 

ave. to first alley west, 96 cts. per lin. 

sidewalks on north 

mil alley west of 
st, and on the west side c 
ster st 
cts. per lln. ft. 

Water! 111. — Tn Mishl, 

i.i-viiiuion. Ky. — By Board of I 
Bloners I W a Inut St. and 


nt, type 
A. $l.3u per Bq. yd.; extra asphalt binder, 
per ton In plai i rete foundation, 

{5 per in, yd, i .50 per 

sq. yd.: concri I 
combim I gutter, per lin. ft.. ti."> 

nrli. per lin. ft., 15 

i i tch basins 

complete, aanholes, oom- 

; 15-in. pipe, per lin. ft. in 

per lin. ft., in place, 

90 cts.; 8-in. pipe, per lin. ft., in place, 

New Orleans, La. — l-"nr paving of Fern 

si., from MiObile to c mereial st., to 

\sphait Paving Co., of Philadel- 
phia, Pa., ,'i al i. $2. i "> per sq. yd. 

Hoboken, N. .1. — To Standard Bitulithic 
i 'n., contracts by Hoboken i ■ 
Council for repavement of many of city's 

Brooklyn, \. V. — Contracts ha-, 

awarded for three public 

in Mil,,:. 

eessi'nl Inil, his ai. is follows: Birlliac 
Contracting Co., for grading and laying 
sidewalks on the side of Creed 

ave., Que< ns village, from Whittier st. 
to Sigourney St., and from Sedgwick st, 
to Hempstead and Jamaica Turnpike; 
and on the easterly side ol Creed ave., 
from a point 100 ft. north of Paulding 
tit. to a point opposite Whittier st.: also 
on the westerly side of Springfield road. 
i linn Hempstead and Jamaica Turnpike, 
to a point opposite Preston ave. Amount 
of bid $2,300. Borough Asphalt Paving 
Co., for grading and paving with 
asphalt on a concrete foundation in Sea- 
girt ave., from Beach i'.'th to Beach 27th 
st. Amount of bid. $5,912.50 

Niagara Falls, \. >. — Board of Public 

Works has awarded Let for paying 

of Lockport st.. from -Main St. to Ontario 
ave.. with Penn asphalt block to Public 
Service Contracting Co., at $2.70 per sq. 

Rochester, \. v. — Board of Con: 

Supply has aw aided QOntr8 

pouter alley asphalt pavement to Flour 
Citj Qontn g Co and Julius Fried- 
rich at $1.70 a s.p yd. on asphalt paving. 
Contract for brick pavement in Ellison 
.st. went to Flour City Contracting Co. 

.'"7 ail. That for asphalt pa 
in Beech warded to Whitmore, 

Rauber & Vicinus for $1.7'77. Aiki 

Do aldson will construct pave- 
ment' in St. for $783. 

Mlnot, V I). — Contract for putting In 
concrete crossings for streets and alleys 
in business pa cit) has been 

awarded I ' !lty Commis 

to Th. 

< olnmbus, O. — By State Highway De- 
partment, for grading and paving with 
brick for heavy traffic, the 

. Imiii 17. I' No. t, 

Wadsw orth-W'ooster road. Intel I 
No. 97, in Wadsworth Twp.; length, 8,- 
159 -' it or 0.66 mile, to C. J Chinnock, 
Warren. 9.97; for 

Lioria Co., State 

No. 111. in r 
and Wellington Tw p I 2,350 ft 

l in ton ,\r Son, 

for grading and paving witl 
Sandusk) i !o., State : 

Port C 

No 227, In Sandusky Twp: lengtl 

1 1. or 1.1 

Co., Freemont, 

i paving with bituminous 

a the Holmes Co., State 

No. I. Millers- 

iter-Co. No, 34 I. In 

price, $17,460; for 
grading and paving with 

| i lad, Inter-County No. 134, 

I th, J. 17.7 ft. or 
■■a Acton, Vaughnsvllle, O.; 

Ighway G, P ibei lln-Nor- 

walk nl, InterCounty No. 290, In Town- 

gth, 13,710 ft. or 2.60 miles. 

to Graham .<- Elnnear, Columbus, O.; 

i price, $J'.',7"". James K. Marker, 

Stat, 1 1 ighway i lomr. 

Richmond, \ n. — ■ paving 

approaches to new Mayo bridge has 

ded by Administral I 
to l J. smit ' ' Howl ng bid: 

g with granite spalls. 50 Cts. per 
sq. yd.; paving with new granite spalls, 
sq. yd.; granolithic sidewalks, 
$1.3o per s.p yd.: extra filling and roll- 
er sq. yd. 
Roanoke, Va. — The Vaughan Construc- 
tion Co. of this cit: awarded 

cost Of 

First contract was for grading 
five miles of double track on Virginian 
, between Mullins, West Virginia 
and Talt. West Virginia, and for enlarg- 
West Virginia. This 
will require (00,000 cu. yds. of excava- 
tion, involving cost of $200,000. 


IJelmiir, Del. — The Delmar Councils 
have engaged engineer to make survey 
for ascertaining cost of installing sewer 

Fort Wayne, Ind. — Hoard has taken un- 
sement bids of the C. 17. Moeller- 
ing and Fred H. Fuelling companies for 
two sewers in North Wayne Heights un- 
til Monday. The Moellering Co. bid $2.66 
per lin. ft. for brick and $2.86 for vitri- 
fied iron pipe on sewer No. 31, and $2.6S 
sewer No. 
32. Fred H. Fuelling bid $2.66% on the 
B $2.67. 
Fori Scott. Kan. — Resolution has been 

[or extension ,,f sewer district. 
Brooklyn, N. Y. — Authorizations have 
been given by Board of Estimate for 58 
public improvements in Brooklyn and 
estimated cost of which is $4^2.- 
700. Of this number, 4» are in Brooklyn, 
cost of which is 
$202,800, and 18 preliminary, cost $155,- 
iiii. Eighteen are in Queens, 11 final. 
total cost of which - -17 pre- 

liminary - 00. Largest final au- 

thorization for Brooklyn improvements 
granted are sanitary and storm water 
in East 12th, 13th and 14th sts., 
R, and in East 14th 
St., from Kings Highway to Coney Island 
ave., and East 15th st.. from Kings High- 
way to Ave. R, estimated cost of which 
is $56,0 


Waterloo, la, — Contract for sewer con- 
awarded the Dear- 
born Construction 

Lexington, Ky. — By Bird of Commis- 
sioners for construction of storm water 
Euclid ave. and Al- 

- ■■ - R I Co., at following 

tt. 10-in. pipe at 60 cts. per ft.: 
r ft.; 630 
ft. 18-in. pipi at 90 i .1 man- 

holes at $30 each: 4 catch basins at $35 
each; also for storm water sewer from 
Hanover ave. to Walton ave., to Carey- 
Reed CO. at following bid: «0 ft. 10-in. 
ft. 15-in. pipe 
at 77. cts. per ft.; 300 ft. ls-in pipe at 90 
cts. per ft.: 3 manholes at $30 each: 2 
t S3 5 each. .las. J. O'Brien 

Brooklyn, \. V — To ii 
const i ucting - basins in Seagirt 

om Beach 29th to Beach 27th st., 

Nnshvtlle, Tenn. — Board of Public 
Works I : contract for build- 

in st. trunk sewer 
L2th ave., south, from its pres- 
ent end at Hawkins st. to South St., to 
Qulnn & Ellis at ?1,013.S4. 


nil spoils, Minn.— Bids will be re- 

a office of Cil v Comptroller until 
3 p. in.. purchase of $300,000 

water works bonds D. C. Brown is City 

Toledo, <>. — Bids will Ived at ot- 

ic cit\ Audi i i.. until 

7.30 ii in.. Wednesday, Jul\ 30, i 

": Toledo wa- 

Municipal Journal 

Volume XXXV. 

NEW YORK, JULY 10, 1913 

No. 2 


Permanent, Portable and Semi- Portable Plants Used by Five Contractors for Work on Roads in Queens Borough 
— Description of Nine Plants. — Relative Economy of the Three Types. — Chemical Tests at Plants. 

By A. F. GRUENENTHAL, Assistant Engineer. Bureau of Highways, Borough of Queens, N, Y. 

At the time of being incorporated into the Greater 
City of New York the roads of Queens Borough were 
to a great extent water-bound macadam. Lack of care 
and maintenance allowed these roadways to become 
thoroughly disintegrated, making repaving an absolute 
necessity. So large was the amount of money required 
that the city officials came to the conclusion that, since 
the roadways were thoroughfares used by the city at 
large, the requisite amount should be levied by taxing 
Queens 15 per cent and the Greater City 85 per cent. 
After much careful consideration of the character of the 
travel, of the grades, of the first cost, etc., it was finally 
decided to use the remnants of the old macadam as foun- 
dation, supply new broken stone or concrete where neces- 
sary and cover the strip used as a carriageway with bitu- 
minous concrete. The result was that the average cost 
for the greater part of the 1,396,550 square yards of 
pavement was $1.11, the prices ranging from $1.00 to 
$1.20 per square yard. A very small percentage, due to 
unusual conditions prevailing, ran as low as 86 cents 
and 91 cents, while the Hoffman Boulevard, a much- 
traveled street, cost $1.44 per square yard. These prices 
included the wearing surface of asphaltic concrete and 
the preparing of the macadam surface for the same. 

In all cases high grade material was called for, and 
over three-fourths of the work was with Bermudez. 
The mineral aggregate called for 5 per cent to 11 per 
cent of material passing through a sieve of 200 mesh; 
18 per cent to 30 per cent of material passing through a 
sieve of 40 mesh; 25 per cent to 55 per cent of material 
passing through a sieve of 10 mesh; 8 per cent to 22 per 
cent of material passing through a sieve of 4 mesh; no 
more than 10 per cent of material passing through a 
sieve of 2 mesh. 

The asphaltic cement was from 7 per cent to 11 per 

An inspector was detailed at each plant and his duties 
weie to make frequent tests of the mineral aggregate 
and to make such changes in the proportions of sand 
and screenings as were necessary to bring the mixture 
up to the requirements. Much difficulty was at first 
experienced in getting the proper proportions for a 
"close" mixture, contractors always claiming "we are 
within specification limits." It gradually dawned upon 
them that the following of our orders was for their own 
good and the result is that the greater part of the work 
is of a very close mixture. Inasmuch as chemical analy- 
ses of the asphaltic cement were desired, the inspectors 

took large samples of the asphaltic cement at least twice 
a week. Inasmuch as the street reports showed where 
the work was progressing each day, it was a simple 
matter to locate where the mixture for each sample was 
laid. The reports of these samples were regularly re- 
ceived from the Standard Testing Laboratories and with 
very few exceptions were remarkably uniform. Contract- 
ors, realizing that payment for work performed might be 
held up indefinitely if obstacles were put in the way of 
the inspectors, saw to it that every facility was afforded 
them and their orders were invariably promptly obeyed. 
The Uvalde and the Standard Bitulithic companies sent 
daily samples to their own chemists while J. F. Hill had 
a chemist stationed at the plant. It was found that the 
only time temperature trouble occurred was in the early 
morning at commencement of work. 

Contracts for the work were let as follows: 
Standard Bitulithic Co., 11 contracts, 34.51 miles Ber- 
mudez and California; Uvalde Contracting Co., 7 con- 
tracts, 18.26 miles Bermudez; J. F. Hill, 4 contracts, 10.73 
miles Pioneer, Gilsonite; Borough Asphalt Co., 2 con- 
tracts, 7.10 miles Monarch, California; Continental Pub- 
lic Works Co., 3 contracts, 7 miles Bermudez and Cali- 
fornia; Barber Asphalt Co., 4 contracts, 4.70 miles Ber- 
mudez; Newton Paving Co., 1 contract, 2.91 miles Ber- 
mudez; Cleveland Trinidad Asphal: Co., 1 contract, 2.10 
miles Montezuma, Mexican; Dayton Hedges, 1 contract, 
2 miles California and Texas, making a total of 89.31 
miles of pavement of the asphaltic concrete type. In ad- 
dition to this, 1.83 miles of sheet asphalt were laid. 


There were three general types of plants in use viz: 
the permanent type, the semi-portable type and the por- 
table type. The users of the first type were the Barber 
Asphalt Co., the Borough Asphalt Co., the Uvalde Con- 
tracting Co. and the Cleveland Trinidad Asphalt Co. The 
second type was used by the Standard Bitulithic Co. and 
the Barber Asphalt Co., and the third type was used by 
all of them except the Cleveland Trinidad Asphalt Co. 
and the Barber Asphalt Co. 

The Uvalde plant is situated on Metropolitan avenue 
at Newtown Creek and the transportation of nearly all 
of its material is by means of trolley flat cars capable 
of holding 30 mixing box loads. Arriving at the nearest 
point to the work, the cars are unloaded into regular 
asphalt carrying wagons and the material is brought to 
the work by them. The plant itself is a two-story steel 
frame, corrugated iron structure. The mineral aggre- 
gate is elevated to the dryers from stock piles by means 
of five elevators. Four Pioneer Iron Works drums each 



Vol. WW. No. 2. 

36 inches in diameter and 26 feet long heat the material. 
From these drums the man rial is screened and emptied 
mid receiving boxes. From these boxes the proper 
amount of each material is weighed and emptied into 
two 16-foot mixing boxes. Here the asphaltic cement is 
added and alter proper mixii dients the product 

is dumped into the cj agons awaiting it. The 

asphaltic cement is heated in three kettles of 32,000 lbs. 
capacity each, fitted with mechanical as well as air agi- 
tators. The barrels ol material are brought up from the 
yard by means of a special barrel elevator and emptied 
into tank No. I. Here the material is melted and flows 
into tank No. 2 where the lluxing takes place. The fluxed 
material is then forced into tank No. 3 from which the 
asphaltic cement is ladled into a bucket attached to a 
scale and then brought over to the mixing boxes on 
overhead i racks. At this plant fuel only is used as a 
heating agent. Although the capacity of the plant is 
4,000 square yards of _'-inoli pavement per 8-hour day, 
the highest run was 3,500 square yards. The plant is 
quite dusty and dirty, though not as bad as one would 
expect it to be. The Uvalde Company use Bermudez 
entirely unless their contracts call for material of other 

The Barber Asphalt Plant (Permanent) is almost an 
exact duplicate of the Uvalde plant, but somewhat older. 
Its capacity is the same and its best run was only about 
3,000 square yards per 8-hour day. The plant is very 
dusty anil dirty. Bermudez only is used. 

The Cleveland Trinidad Asphalt Co. constructed this 
year a J. 500 square yards per 8-hour day plant on Flush- 
ing Creek, Flushing. The plant is equipped with a Cum- 
mer dryer 48 inches in diameter and 30 feet long. A 
three-door furnace with a 5-ft. 6-in.xl2-ft. fire box sup- 
plies the necessary heat for the dryer and arrangements 
are present whereby oil fuel can be used in place of coal 
as at present. From a stock pile 2 chain and bucket ele- 
vators feed into the dryer directly. The dried material 
comes through the drum into a boot where an elevator 
raises it into a storage bin of 12 cubic yards capacity. 
From here the material is screened and enters a weighing 
box which discharges directly into the mixing box of 9 
cubic feet capacity. Four kettles, three of 12,000 lbs. 
and one of 18,000 lbs. capacity, fitted with both air and 
mechanical agitators, supply the asphalt. They are inter- 
feeding and the heating is done with fuel, although ar- 
rangements are there for fuel oil burners should the 
change be necessary. The engine is an old horizontal 
of the Vulcan type of 45 h.p. and the boiler is an upright 
(ill h.p. affair. The plant stands in the open and is un- 
protected in any way. The best run the plant had was 
2,117 square yards for one 8-hour day and averaged 1,483 
square yards per day for six consecutive days. 

This company was the only one which used automo- 
bile trucks. They had in service three Pierce Arrow 5- 
ton trucks. They dumped from the back by means of 
an air pump, which, worked by the driving engine, ele- 
i the forward part of the body about 4 feet. The 
steel sides of the body being smooth, not a particle of 
the mixture remained in it once it began to slide. The 
trucks were considered remarkably effective and she 
their superiority over horse-drawn vehicles. 

Tin- Borough Asphalt C. Plant, at which Monarch 
brand of California asphalt is used, is b\ far one of the 
cleanest plants in and around New York. It is situated 
on Metropolitan avenue and has a frontage on a branch 
• >i X'ewlown creek. The material is brought up to the 
.lock on SCOWS, ami a Stationary derrick fitted with a one 

cubic yard clamshell buck. i to a 200-yard 

hopper. An automatii ! From this hopper, brings 

the material over an elevated railway to the main build- 

ing where it empties us contents into a cubical storage 
the - de. The main building is a 3-story 
steel frame covered with corrugated iron, and material 
mptied into it never comes from under cover until 
it is a finished product. The building is divided by a 
driveway through it- center, the aforementioned bin oc- 
cupying a rear portion of it while directly in front of it 
are the asphalt kettles. On both sides of the driveway 
are chain and bucket elevators which bring the material 
to the dryers on the third floor. There are two dryers, 
each 5 feet in diameter and 35 feet long, heated by oil 
burners. After passing through the drums, the material 
is screened by means of 10-foot screens 30 inches in di- 
uii. ter. All material not passing through the screens 
is shot into a bin occupying the opposite corner of the 
building from the storage bin. 

The material which does pass through enters the hot 
sand boxes directly under the several screens. These 
loxes occupy a space 30 feet long. 10 feet wide and 10 
leet deep and are so constructed that the openings there- 
from are on the second floor. There are 5 such openings. 
3 for sand and 2 for screenings. These openings are for 
as many compartments and admit of an adjustment of 
temperatures. As the material leaves the openings it 
feeds into a bucket until the proper weight, which has 
been previously figured from tests, is obtained. This 
admits of any percentage desired and assures a uniform 
mixture. The bucket holds about 1.600 lbs. and has at- 
tached to ii a Fairbanks standard scales. 

On the third floor there is also the lime dust storage 
room from which the dust, by means of a shute, is 
brought to the mixing box, after being weighed in order 
to get the proper amount. In order to prevent the loss 
of dust and the unpleasant vapors which arise when the 
various ingredients enter the mixing boxes, all this por- 
tion of the plant is carefully covered by one-eighth of 
an inch sheet steel, the asphalt cement being added 
through a lipped contrivance which prohibits the escape 
of the dust. etc. This protective arrangement, as well 
as the carefully constructed lime dust shute. is one of the 
distinctive features of the plant and in this lies the major 
part of the sanitary conditions which prevail. 

The asphalt cement is heated in four large kettles sup- 
plied with both air and mechanical agitators. These 
interfeed by means of air pressure and open troughs 
which are fed by pumps worked either by hand or air. 
Tanks No. 1 and No. 2 are large melting kettles, each 
10x15x10 ft., and empty into working tanks No. 3 and 
No. 4. each being 5x10x8 ft. The tops of these kettles 
are on a level with the second floor and the material there- 
from is brought over to the mixing boxes by means of 
an overhead railway. The buckets are filled from taps 
which are operated by air. and have a capacity of 300 
pounds. The barrels of the refined material are elevated 
from the ground to the second floor by means of a con- 
tinuous belt barrel elevator which brings the material 
directly in front of tanks No. 1 and No. 2. Immediately 
behind these tanks is a large fluxing tank of 30.000 gal- 
lons capacity, the material from which is emptied into 
tanks Xo. 1 and No. 2 and No. 3 from taps. Inasmuch 
as the bottom of this tank is about 5 feet above the sec- 
ond door, this admits of allowing the flux to enter by 
means of gravity. Each kettle has its heating furnace 
located under it on the ground floor and such is the ar- 
rangement that either oil ,,r fuel can be used as an agent. 
In connection with these furnaces there is on the 
ground floor an additional hot sand box of 125 cubic 
yards capacity. 

The plant is operated by electrical power but. should 
the power be cut off for any reason, there is always ready 
for immediate use a 50-h.p. De I. a Yergne oil burning 

July 10, 1913. 



engine which is located in a separate brick building ad- 
joining the main structure. In order to be prepared for 
emergencies, a fuel oil tank of 50,000 gallons is in the 

Trolley tracks are laid throughout the yard, thus al- 
lowing the use of trolley cars and hence affording easy 
access to all parts of Brooklyn and Queens Boroughs. 
The capacity of the plant is 4,000 square yards per 8- 
hour day. The highest run was 3,320 square yards and 
the average. 2. 500 square yards per day for 31 consecu- 
tive working days. 

In point of economy and general efficiency it is diffi- 
cult to conceive of a better plant. Only nine men are 
lequired to run it. Delays due to lack of power need 
never occur, since both electric and power systems are 
installed and the change from the one to the other is 
quickly made. Throughout the plant the lack of dust 
and of noisome odors is strikingly noticed. 

There were two plants of this type which were similar 
in all respects with the exception that the Standard 
Bitulithic Co. used a 15-foot mixing box and the Barber 
Co. used a 9-foot box. Both plants were situated in 
Flushing on Flushing creek. 

The mineral aggregate was elevated from a stock pile 
by means of two elevators, to two drums of the Cummer 
type. 36 inches in diameter and 30 feet long. From these 
drums the heated material was raised to a storage bin. 
After the material had been screened it was emptied into 
the measuring boxes. Two 1.000-gallon heating tanks 
were used, the asphalt being ladled into the measuring 
bucket and then emptied into the mixing box. Fuel was 
used for heating dryers, asphalt, and the boiler for the 
horizontal engine of 50 h.p. which supplied the power 
for the plant. The capacity for each plant was 3.000 
square yards a day. 

These plants were both very dusty and dirty and fre- 
quently broke down. The heating agent being coal, the 
smoke nuisance was the subject of many complaints. 
Nineteen men were employed at each of these plants. 

The greatest interest of all, however, lies in the use 
of the portable plants. Several distinct types were used 
though the principle in all was the same. 

The Standard Bitulithic Company used the "Warren- 
ite" plant, which was the most efficient of this class of 
plants. They are easily managed, quickly set up or taken 
dewn, occupy comparatively small space and do the work 
well. The company had two of these at Inwood. one at 
Queens, three at Bayside, three at Glendale and two at 
Laurel Hill. The plants are equipped with a 35-h.p. high- 
speed engine and an upright boiler of 35-h.p. The ma- 
terial is deposited by an elevator into a 1-cubic yard bin. 
A lever controls the entrance into the drum which is 
5 ft. in diameter and 14 ft. long. All material is sent into 
the drum on the volume basis, having been previously 
screened to meet the requirements. After entering the 
drum, a Rockwell burner supplies the heat for drying. 
The dried material is then admitted into the mixer which 
is at the end of the drum and entrance into which is 
controlled by a lever. The asphalt is shot into the mixer 
from a weighing bucket which is filled by ladling. For 
a two-plant combination, five 1,000-gallon kettles were 
used, and for a three-plant, six were used. The capacity 
of each plant is about 1.000 square yards per day. The 
two-plant combination used about 175 gallons of fuel oil 
per day for heating dryer, asphalt kettles and boiler. The 
maximum runs for the plants were: 

Bayside, 3 plants, 6 kettles, 2,400 yards. 
Glendale, 3 plants, 6 kettles, 2,300 yards. 
Inwood. 2 plants, 5 kettles, 2,200 yards. 

Queens, 1 plant, 3 kettles, 1,100 yards. 

Laurel Hill, 2 plants, 5 kettles, 2,300 yards. 

The best run on any one day which these plants had 
(Queens, Glendale and Bayside) together with the Flush- 
ing semi-portable plant was 6,867 square yards and on a 
three consecutive day run they averaged 6,745 square 
yards per day. 

Simple though the arrangements at these plants were, 
there was no guess work as to the amounts of material 
used. Being on wheels and without any unnecessary 
frills, these plants can be easily and quickly moved, reset 
and begin operations in a new territory within a few 
hours after arrival. 

The Continental Public Works Company had a porta- 
ble plant at St. Albans. The plant was equipped with a 
50-h.p. high-speed engine and a 60-h.p. locomotive-type 
boiler. An American process dryer, 4 ft. in diameter 
and 30 ft. long, asbestos jacketed, was used for heating 
mineral aggregate. To this was attached a Dutch oven 
with a 5-foot steel hood 7 feet deep, lined with fire brick 
and having a baffle wall against which the oil flame 
broke. The material entered an enclosed chain and 
bucket elevator and was raised to screens, from these en- 
tering two weighing compartments. This measuring box 
was so adjusted that the proper combination of mineral 
aggregate was obtained. The mixing box was of 9 cubic 
feet capacity. A beam scale and bucket gave the correct 
amount of asphalt, which was obtained from three 1,000- 
gallon kettles. A Best burner was used for heating the 
drum ami boiler, while coal was used under kettles. One 
hundred and eighty gallons of fuel oil were used per day 
in the heating of the dryer and 220 gallons for the boiler. 
The best run for one day was 1.636 square yards. 

The Dayton Hedges and J. F. Hill companies used 
the well known Cummer type of portable plants. The 
former used the ordinary Cummer portable, consisting 
of engine, boiler, drum and mixer all mounted on one 
rigging, the three 1,000-gallon kettles being separate. 
Mechanical agitators were used and the asphaltic ce- 
ment was ladled to buckets which had scale attachments. 
J. F. Hill used the large railroad Cummer plant, this 
being made part of a flat car and thereby admitted of its 
being easily hauled from one place to another. The 
best run this company had was 2,098 square yards and an 
average of 1.900 square yards per day for six consecutive 
days. The plants were provided with horizontal revolv- 
ing drums mounted over a fire box and surrounded with 
a fireproof arch through which the mineral aggregate 
was fed. The kettles are a part of the car and have a 
capacity of 2. 500 gallons. Material is ladled into buckets 
from them. 

The Newton Paving Company, using the Equitable 
asphalt plant, had the one exception to the rule, as far 
as the operation of the plant was concerned. It con- 
sisted of a 35 h. p. vertical boiler, a vertical engine and a 
drum 6 ft. in diameter and 12 ft. long. The peculiarity 
about this plant was that the mineral aggregate was ele- 
vated to a hopper over .the drum and from there dis- 
charged directly into it. A hot air blower heated the 
material and when dry and hot the asphalt was shot 
into the drum by compressed air from a tank containing 
52 gallons of asphalt. The tank was fed from a 1,000- 
gallon kettle by gravity. The plant worked fairly well, 
its best run being 1,032 square yards in one day. This 
plant was on wheels and was easily hauled by a traction 
engine or a six-horse team. Fuel oil was the heating 
agent. "With some improvements this plant would com- 
pare very favorably with any other plant, inasmuch as 
only nine men are required to run it as compared with 
15 for the best of the others. 

The value of chemical tests was strongly brought out 
in our work in Queens this year and when one considers 



Vol. XXXV, No. 2. 

that the hulk of the work was performed in four months, 
or at the "arc yards per day, it will 

easil) grid inspection and careful 

chemical ti enti i of slipshod work. 

No matter how small chemisl 

and inspector should be present and care should be taken 
that the) work togetl d always in the interests of 

arty of the first part. 
The question of econoi i bul when one 

considers that a permanent plant, exclusive of real es- 
tate, will averagi I that the semi-portable and 
the railroad plants average $15,000, the smaller portable 
costing on! well worthy of consideration. Of 
these portables, the Warrenite plants appear the most 
economical in first cost and attendant labor, but should 
improvements be made to the Equitable plant as used 
by the Newton Paving I o. there is no question but that 
this plant is the must economical. It costs but $5,500, 
requires but nine men. weighs about 35 tons and is 

Fox Memorial Park of Laporte, Indiana, was dedicated 
to the public the last week in June. The park covers 
twenty acres of ground and is located on a series of hills 
overlooking Clear Lake and the city of Laporte from 
the north. 

rea is covered with a native growth of well 
grown white oak, w ild crab, cherry, and hawthorne. 

I he park was given to the city as a memorial to the 
Fox lirothers, extensive woolen manufac- 
turers. The treatment of the design is simple and ap- 
propriate to its memorial character and at the same time 
furnishes facilities for wholesome recreation to the peo- 
ple of the city. 

A country road skirting the shore of Clear Lake was 
used as the principal park drive by truing and rear- 
ranging the alignment and side grading. The road leads 
through an entrance way of boulders surmounted with 
an ornamental wrought iron fence and set with wrought 
iron lamps. This entrance is backed up by an artificial 
hill planted out heavily with conifers and screening the 
interior of the park until the entrance is passed, when a 
superb vista is unfolded to view. 

One of the main features of the park is a shelter build- 
ing designed in pure Grecian architecture of the Ionic 
order and flanked with vine-covered pergolas terminat- 
ing at the boat docks, extending into the lake. Between 
these boat docks has been constructed a sand beach giv- 
ing landing facilities for canoes and small boats. A 
natural amphitheatre nearly circular in shape overlooked 
by oak covered hills has been utilized as a music court 
with an attractive band-stand occupying the central 
position. This arrangement gives unusual acoustic prop- 
erties and furnishes a seating arrangement for several 
thousand people. The area has been made accessible by 
the construction of walks and drives and has been further 
improved by installation of necessary toilet facilities, 
athletic fields, etc. 

The entire improvement, including buildings, orna- 
mental lighting, grading, planting, installation of build- 
ings, etc., was made under one contract by the American 
Park Builders, of Chicago. 

July 10, 1913. 



Municipal Journal 

Published Weekly at 

50 Union Square (Fourth Ave. and 17th St.). New York 

By Municipal Journal and Engineer. Inc. 

Telephone, 2S05 Stuyvesant, New York 

Western Office, 1620 Monadnock Block, Chicago 

S. W. HUME, President 

F. E. PUFFER, Assistant Editor 

Subscription Rates 

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Entered as second-class matter, January 3, 1906, at the Post Office at New 
York, N. Y., under the Act of Congress of March 3, 1879. 

Subscribers are requested to notify us of changes of address, giving 
both old and new addresses. 

Contributions suitable for this paper either in the form of special arti- 
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Subscribers desiring information concerning municipal matters are re- 
quested to call upon MUNICIPAL JOURNAL, which has unusual facili- 
ties for furnishing the same, and will do so gladly and without cost. 

JULY 10, 1913. 


Mixing Plants for Bituminous Concrete. By A. F. Gruen- 

enthal 41 

Laportes New Park. (Illustrated) 44 

Contracts for Contractors 45 

Municipal Indebtedness Legislation 45 

An Idea of Street Development. (Illustrated) 46 

An International Municipal League 46 

Public Construction Contracts 47 

Bituminous Gravel Pavements. By S. J. Stuart 48 

Asphalt Repairs in St. Paul 48 

News of the Municipalities. (Illustrated) 49 

Legal News — A Summary and Notes of Recent Decisions.. 56 

News of the Societies 57 

Personals 58 

Municipal Appliances. (Illustrated) 58 

Industrial News 60 

The Week's Contract News 61 

Contracts for Contractors. 
We publish in this issue the report of a committee of 
the American Society of Engineering Contractors dis- 
cussing the subject of contracts, and changes which are 
desirable in their general form from the viewpoint of 
the contractor. The committee calls attention to the 
fact that practically all contracts have been prepared 
by engineers who, although they have generally endeav- 
ored to be fair and just to both parties, are apt to be 
more or less biased by the fact that they are employed 
by the party paying for the work rather than by the one 
who performs it, and to view the subject from the stand- 
point of obtaining what is desired from the contractor 
rather than of securing for him what is justly due him. 

There have undoubtedly been in the past many clauses 
and provisions unjust to contractors, many of which, 
however, have been overruled by the courts and other- 
ers of which it is generally understood will not be en- 
forced (all of which should, therefore, be omitted); but 
a number still remain which are objectionable to con- 
tractors, some, undoubtedly, with reason. 

A provision by which the contractor would be pro- 
tected from loss caused by delay on the part of the 
owner or the owner's other contractors is certainly a 
fair one. Numerous instances could be cited where the 

loss of interest on the plant tied up in d< I and 

salaries of foremen and other employees which i 
necessary to keep on the payroll, etc., have more than 
eaten up the benefits which the contractor would other- 
wise and should have made. 

Concerning the contention that trie owner or party of 
the first part should guarantee local conditions, such as 
depth and character of rock, etc., is open to question. 
In the case of a city street, for instance, we cannot see 
that the city need be more familiar with the conditions 
than the contractor, or be in any way responsible for 
them. On the other hand, the contractor would appear 
to be entitled to payment for any work which is found 
necessary in connection with excavating for or otherwise 
carrying out his contract. It would seem possible to meet 
this point by providing items in the contract covering all 
material and work which may be anticipated, with a pro- 
vision for payment on a payroll basis with allowance for 
supervision, use of tools, etc., for any character of work 
which is not anticipated or which it is difficult to fix a 
unit price upon. 

A provision that the contractor's bond should protect 
the parties furnishing the materials and labor to the 
contractor seems to us undesirable. This would in- 
crease the cost to the contractor of furnishing bond for 
the work, an increase which is entirely unnecessary in 
the case of the contractor of established credit, and in 
case of others, the material men themselves could re- 
quire bond of the contractor — at any rate, this is a 
business matter between the contractor and the material 
man which it does not seem necessary or advisable for 
the city to form a third party to. 

In general, however, the ideas contained in this re- 
port seem to us to be admirable. There are too many 
cases of inexperienced engineers and of city officials 
timid in assuming responsibility, attempting to place all 
possible losses upon the contractor, even those for which 
he is in no way responsible; and if a standard form of 
contract were generally adopted and recognized, it would 
be much easier for contractors to insist upon and secure 
the substitution of such form for any unjust contract. 

Municipal Indebtedness Legislation. 

A few weeks ago there was placed upon the statute 
books of Massachusetts, by the unanimous vote of the 
Legislature, an act, the purpose of which is the restrict- 
ing and regulating, in accordance with sound financial 
principles, of the incurrence of municipal indebtedness. 
This was the result of investigations and recommenda- 
tions made by legislative committees on municipal finance 
during two successive years, in which investigations they 
were assisted by the Bureau of Statistics of that State. 

This bill seeks to remedy four fundamental evils of 
municipal borrowing which have hitherto prevailed in 
Massachusetts, and probably in most of the other states 
of the country. These are the incurrence of funded or 
fixed debt for current expenses; temporary borrowing in 
anticipation of tax collections to a practically unlim- 
ited amount; diversion of the principal of trust funds 
to current expenses or other purposes not contemplated 
by the donor, with a resulting perpetual obligation being 
in effect established; and the inefficient, neglectful and 
costly management of sinking funds. 

The difficulty both of avoiding the first evil and of 
drawing up a law which will prevent it, lies largely in 
the difficulty of defining what is meant by "current 
expenses." The Massachusetts law has endeavored to 
meet this difficulty by specifying the purpose for which 
municipal debt might be incurred and the periods for 
which the loan might run in each case. 



Vol. XXXV, No. 2. 

1 1 had been the practio of a number of c i t it- to 
make temporal - ) loans in anticipation of taxes, without 
limiting th< to thai of the tax ' 

thai is, loan-, would be made which greatly exceeded 
the amount of money t" be raised bj the following m\ 
levy. The new legislation recognizes the borrowing of 
money in this way a< legitimate, but limits the amount 
nf the loan to that of the tax levy of the preceding 
financial year. 

An investigation made seseral years ago showed that 
a large number of Massachusetts municipalities had used 
the principal of funds entrusted to them for certain pur- 
1 oses without providing any sinking fund or other man- 
ner whereby the fund could be repaid. The new state 
law requires that these funds be returned in 1914 by 
city tax or. if this would impose too great a burden. 
by borrowing the money for making such repayment by 
issuing bonds running not to exceed fifteen years. 

The abuses which have been found to exist in con- 
nection with the management of sinking funds are reme- 
l.y abolishing sinking funds altogether. This does 
tun mean that the cities are to return to the absolute 
gard of sound finance found in so many cities of 
other states where no provision whatever is made for 
tlie payment of outstanding bonds, but that the new- 
law now requires that all bonds lie issued anil made 
payable by the serial method, provision to be made for 
retiring bonds by such annual payments as will extin- 
guish the same at maturity, so that the first of the annual 
payments shall be made not later than one year after 
the date of issuing the notes or bonds, and ''so that the 
amount of such annual payments in any year on account 
iich debts shall not be less than the amount of prin- 
cipal payable in any subsequent year. And such annual 
amount, together with the interest on all debts shall. 
without further vote, lie assessed until such debt is 

No state of the union has so carefully and thoroughly 
investigated and supervised the finances of its cities as 
Massachusetts, and there can be no question that most 
of the principles embodied in this law could be adopted 
to advantage by other states (with such modifications 
as might be required by their respective municipal laws), 
while the results of certain other provisions of the 
Massachusetts state law. which are. to a certain degree 
experimental, will be carefully watched with interest 
by other cities and states. 


It has probably ocurred to most engineers and others 
who have studied the subject of traffic conditions and 
difficulties in large cities that tin separation of foot 
and wheel traffic into two different levels would solve 
many of these difficulties. They may also have thought 
it probable that it would be cheaper to raise the entire 
paved street surface and leave the present ground sur- 
face for the trains which now use our subways, than it 
is to tunnel such subway at great expense under exist- 
ing pavements. The accompanying illustration shows 
the idea of a writer in "Cassiers Engineering Monthly" 

for June — Henry Harrison Suplee — which may seem ex- 
tremely visionary, and yet it contains many practicable 

ideas which the future may see developed. There are. 
of course, objections to the elevated sidewalk, one of 

these being the darkening of the ground floors of 

buildings in streets where there already exist noin 
much lighl itilation; another is the cost of 

■ruction. The latter, however, shi onsid- 

erable less than tin railroads, since 

the load to be carried i- much less and the cost of the 
concrete sidewalk would be little, i itl I than the 

rails and ties of the elevated road. 

At the right of the picture, on the first tier of side- 
walks, is shown a moving sidewalk — a device which it 
mtiii. probable will before long be used in New York 
City, although the present idea is to place it under- 
ground. Stairs are provided for communication be-, 
tween the elevated sidewalks and automobiles or street 
ens on the roadway below. Entrances for foot pas- 
sengers to stores and other buildings are provided at the 
level of tin- elevated sidewalks, as is now done by several 
stores in connection with the elevated railroad stations. 

There seems to be a mania at the present for placing 
everything below ground rather than above, where there 
is to be a separation of grades, and as both cause and 
effect of this the cost of tunneling for subways has 
been greatly reduced during the past few years; and it 
seems probable that many of the advantages of aerial 
construction as compared to underground are being 
overlooked. We commend the general idea of Mr. Sup- 
lee (greatly simplified from his elaborated conception) 
to the consideration of those engaged in planning for 
the streets and traffic of our large cities. 


The activities of the X'ational Municipal League and 
the excellent papers and discussions which are presented 
at its annual meetings are familiar to the readers of 
this Journal. There is now under process of organiza- 
tion an International Municipal League, the idea of 
which originated, we believe, with the Union of Cana- 
dian Municipalities. The plan has been favorably- 
considered by the National Municipal League, of the 
United States, and the Municipal Association of New 


July 10, 1913. 



Zealand, and conditionally by the National Association 
of Local Government Officials, of England; and is under 
consideration by two other English associations, three 
<jf South Africa, one of Australia, and the League of 
American Municipalities. As the matter appears to have 
commended itself to such a number of organizations, 
the secretary pro tem, Clinton Rogers Woodruff (who 
is also secretary of the National Municipal League), has 
brought the matter to the attention of various societies 
which might be interested, with a view to the completion 
of a preliminary organization, adoption of a constitu- 
tion, and election of officers in the early future. To that 
end there has been prepared a draft of a constitution 
which has been sent to the officers of such societies, and 
an invitation to appoint a delegate or delegates to attend 
a general conference to be called for the purpose of 
effecting such permanent organization. 


Desirable Features of a Standard Contract. — Rights 

and Obligations of Both Parties Exactly Defined. — 

Settling Disputes. — Delays. — Bonds. 

Report of Committee of the American Society of Engi- 
neering Contractors, William B. King, Chairman. 

1. Your committee thinks it impossible to submit a 
complete form to cover all phases of all engineering con- 
tracts, but a work of much value can be done by adopt- 
ing some general principles and formulating them so that 
they may be made a part of substantially every contract. 

2. Every condition of whatsoever character by which 
the parties are to be bound should be submitted to bid- 
ders as a part of the specifications on which they bid. 
The contract to be signed should be annexed to the speci- 
fications. In this way the bidder is not liable to be sur- 
prised by new conditions appearing in the contract sub- 
mitted for his signature after his bid is made and ac- 

3. The greatest vice of contracts is uncertainty. In 
adopting any form of contract or specifications, every 
effort should be made to secure exactness of definition 
of the rights and duties of both parties. 

4. Recognizing the impossibility of foreseeing every 
emergency, some authority must be devised for the de- 
termination of either unexpected physical conditions or 
unforeseen ambiguities in the contract. 

5. The first requisite to this is promptness, so that 
the work may proceed. This doubtless requires that all 
disputed questions shall be primarily settled by the engi- 
neer present on the work. 

6. But, while the engineer is the best fitted person to 
reach a prompt decision, his relation to the owner unfits 
him for an impartial decision. There must, therefore, be 
some provision for an appeal to an impartial tribunal, 
and final settlement of all disputes by it. 

7. Disputes should, as far as possible, be settled as 
the contract progresses, so that the parties can know how 
they stand. To this end, all matters of dispute should 
be reduced promptly to writing, and all appeals from 
the engineer's decisions should be promptly taken. 

8. Each party should assume full responsibility for 
his own share of the contract. 

9. This involves the assumption by the owner of re- 
sponsibility for the local conditions and for the borings 
or other explorations of the site. The contractor should 
bid on guaranteed local conditions, with an increase or 
reduction of price for variations from these. The locality 
belongs to the owner and the contractor should not be 
obliged to gamble on it. 

10. The principle also requires that a contract should 
not both provide the exact details of construction and 
guarantee the result, If the contractor is to do the work 

according to exact plans furnished him by the owner, the 
owner should take the responsibility for the result. If 
the contractor guarantees the result, he should be free 
to adopt his own methods of construction. 

11. The contractor, especially when bound by a time 
limit, should be given the utmost freedom as to the order 
and manner of doing the prescribed work. 

12. Definite provision should be made for the asser- 
tion in writing of demands made by either party varying 
from the normal contract price. The contractor should 
give prompt notice of a claim for extras and the owner 
of a claim for a decrease or for the assessment of dam- 

13. Some rule should be prescribed for the owner's 
protection in case of delay on the contractor's part, either 
by a right to annul the contract, or to take over the 
work in whole or in part, or to deduct actual or liqui- 
dated damages. The subject is one of great difficulty 
and needs most careful consideration. 

14. The contractor should be protected from loss by- 
delay of the owner or the owner's other contractors and 
provisions made for settling such losses, without suit, 
where possible. 

15. What is the proper amount of retained percent- 
ages? What should be the maximum part of the con- 
tract price to be retained until final payment? Differences 
of opinion should be adjusted and a uniform rule adopted. 

16. Material men insist that the contract bond should 
provide for payment for materials and labor. This leads 
to greater security to the material men and consequently 
lower prices. But it is an unnecessary cost to contractors 
of established credit. This subject needs the views of 
both sides. 

17. Some contractors and engineers maintain that the 
contract conditions should be as brief as possible. Your 
committee believes that all subjects which experience has 
shown may produce conflict should be definitely disposed 
of by the provisions fixed in the contract, even if this 
extends its length. 

18. After every effort has been made to avoid all un- 
certainty in the contract and to settle disputes as they 
arise, some honest differences of opinion as to the rights 
of the parties may persist to the end of the contract; 
the final settlement of uncontested matters should be 
made without prejudice to the right of the contractor to 
recover disputed claims in the courts. It has, unfortun- 
ately, become too common to declare that on final pay- 
ment the contractor shall sign a release of all claims aris- 
ing out of the contract. This is a one-sided and dishon- 
est provision. When payment is earned by a fulfillment 
of the contract, it ought not to be denied because the 
contractor believes that he is entitled to more, nor should 
he be forced by necessity to waive access to the courts 
to correct wrongs done him in the course of the con- 

Your committee might extend this discussion much 
farther, but believes that enough has been said to show 
the difficulties of the subject and the need of full con^ 
sideration. Many forms of contracts have been drawn by 
various authorities. The standard forms of the Royal 
Institute of British Architects and of the American In- 
stitute of Architects have much to commend them. One 
general remark may be made in regard to nearly all such 
forms — that they have been generally prepared by per- 
sons representing owners, such as architects and engi- 
neers, and that, however fair their intention, the in- 
evitable tendency has been to protect the owner's rights 
at the cost of the contractor's. 

While this is in name a society of Engineering Con- 
tractors, it numbers also many engineers in its member- 
ship. It is, therefore, singularly able to formulate a con- 
tract which will take into consideration the rights both 
of the owners and contractors. 



Vol. XXXV, No. 2. 

I ditor Municipal Ji >un : : City. 

Dear Sir: Jn the Ma) 29th, 1913, issue ol Municipal 
Journal, I hi in ;n< d article commi 

upon bituminous in June I9th a simi- 

lar article was publishei subject, signed by 

J. W. Howard. ei to pavements designed and 

supervised during their construction liy the writer, he feels 
called upon to draw attention to a few errors of fact and 
conclusion contained in these contributions. 

The writer well knew, when the specifications were be- 
ing prepared, that the bitumen would necessarily vary ac- 
cording to the "bank run" of the gravel, and therefore 
specified from 18 to 21 gallons of bitumen to one cubic 
yard of gravel measured loose, in order to meet just such 
a contingency; as it developed, however, the gravel ran in 
such uniform size in barge lots that it became necessary 
to vary the percentage of bitumen but seldom, and then 
only at the maximum of but one gallon to the cubic yard, 
measured loose. 

The mixtures as to the quantity of bitumen in the 
Amityville and Babylon roads were practically the same 
and the so-called "dry" mixture at Amityville did not ma- 
terially vary from the so-called "too rich" mixture at 
Babylon. On the Amityville road, however, there was 
placed no squeegee coat, and the holes in the pavement 
were intentionally dug out and not caused by inferior 

The Babylon pavement, after being placed, was covered 
with a coat of hot oil manufactured by the Standard Oil 
Company, while the bitumen in the pavement proper was 
Bermudez asphalt, and therefore any slight defects which 
may have developed are entirely due to the consistency of 
this squeegee course, it having "bled" and become so 
sticky in places that it did adhere to the wagon wheels 
which pulled up with them, in a few spots, some of the 
top portion of the mineral aggregate composing the pave- 
ment proper. Hot oil would not have been used as a 
squeegee course had the writer known that the road's 
maintenance would be neglected to the extent of failing 
to properly cover it with sand or gravel, and keep it cov- 
ered until wagon tires ceased to pick up any of the mate- 
rial Every highway engineer knows by experience that, 
with the hot oil treatment, the surface will be destroyed 
by heavy wagons if not kept covered, But that it can and 
does resist the traffic of lighter wagons, automobiles and 
even motor trucks. If bitumen of the same consistency 
as in the pavement proper had been employed in place of 
the hot oil, this condition unquestionably would have been 
avoided; but the writer was attempting to obviate mixing 
method pavements, as he deemed it undesirable on country 
highways. The condition of this pavement, at the present 
writing, is entirely satisfactory since most of the objection- 
able features of the hot oil treatment have disappeared, 
although it would unquestionably be advisable to cover it 
with sand or gravel to absorb any surplus lighter oil that 
traffic and sun might draw to the surface. 

The writer wishes to take issue with Mr. Howard, rela- 
tive to the statement that clay adhering to the particles 
of gravel are a source of weakness to the pavement. As 
the gravel is taken from the bank it is true it may be 
covered with a film of clay. The material, however, re- 
ceives much handling before it finally reaches the pave- 
ment. It is first loaded into carts, dumped on to barges, 
transferred to railroad cars and from the railroad cars 
carted in wagons to the mixing plant. Here it is placed 
in a revolving heater, the temperature of which is raised 
to at least 250 degrees I 7 ., and hot bitumen is added with 
still further agitation. Finally it is trucked to the scene 
of the work and compressed with a ten-ton roller. The 
writer believes that if this film of clay still adheres to the 
particle of gravel, no moisture, frost, nor shock will cause 
it to relax its hold sufficient to cause any disintegration. 

There was built last year, under the writer's" supervi- 
sion 112,000 square yards of bituminous gravel pave- 
ment, yet at the present writing less than 45 square yards 
(0.0004 per cent I have disintegrated, which might happen 
to even a sheet asphalt pavement. This pavement cost 
on the average about 5 cents per square yard for 2 X A 
inches of depth, which compares favorablv with similar 
figures of mixing method pavement in other parts of the 
state. The writer quotes from a statement attributed to 
an acting Superintendent of Highways of New York as 

i i. Per 

Inches. sq. yd. 

I'/i California Asphaltic $1.20 

2 Topeka Asphalt 1 20 

2 Warrenite 1.30 

2 Bitulithic 1 60 

Using the lowest average of $1.20 per square yard, it is 
nt it would have cost the State of New York $40,600 
for a 2-inch pavement of graded stone covering the 
same yardage than for the gravel. From observations 
made by the writei of mixing method pavements laid in 
New York and vicinity, using uniform stone mixture, he 
would venture to say that the percentage of disintegra- 
tion is as great, if not greater, than in the bituminous 
1 pavement laid last year under his supervision. As 
a specific example reference may be made to the shell road 
in the Borough of Queens. 

The writer has not changed his opinion relative to the 
.general design and utility of the bituminous gravel pave- 
ment, and he again suggests that highway engineers in- 
vestigate this form of construction, especially where gravel 
containing cementiti >us qualities may be obtained. 
Yours truly, 


Assoc. M. Am. Soc. C. E. 


In the 1912 budget of St. Paul, Minnesota, $15,000 was 
appropriated for the purchase of equipment for making 
street paving repairs, and in February bids were asked 
for a portable asphalt plant, and later other equipment 
was purchased. The entire plant comprises a Warren 
Brothers portable asphalt plant, an 8-ton asphalt steam 
roller, a scarifier, Lutz surface heater, fire wagon, gyra- 
tory stone crusher, two portable melting kettles, six 2- 
yard steel lined asphalt wagons, four 3<J-yard concrete 
spreaders, a set of curb cutter's tools, nine asphalt rakes, 
testing scales, and the necessary small tools. 

The plant was put in operation on April 25th and 
during the season was working a total of 92 days. In 
this time 19,428 square yards of asphalt pavement were 
turned out, 15,040 of this being "cut out" work and the 
balance burner work. Of 5,459 square yards put in for 
paving contractors in repairing under guarantee, 2,363 
square yards was cut out work and the balance burner 
work. A total cost of $6,012.96 was collected from the 
contractors for this work. In addition, 2,902 square 
yards were put in for the street railway company and 
1,636 for public service corporations. From the bridge 
building and repair fund was collected $1,961.57 for 
asphalt repair on bridges, at $1.65 per square yard. 

Repairs to asphalt pavement out of guarante and paid 
for out of the street and sewer fund, amounted to 6,981 
square yards of cut out work and 1.293 square yards of 
burner work. This cost the city $7,163.50, or an average 
of 86 cents per square yard. 

The operating crew at the plant consisted of one fore- 
man, one engineer, one tank man, four laborers and a 
night watchman. Four teams were employed hauling 
asphalt from the plant to the work. The street crew 
was made up of one foreman, one timekeeper, one roller 
man, two rakers, two tampers, one smoother and one 
cement man laying new pavements, and two shovelers. 
six scrapers and two teams removing the old paving. 

The principal expenses were as follows: Labor in op- 
eration of plant. $2,535; unloading material, $255.62; re- 
moving old paving and putting in new, $7,116.48; haul- 
ing asphalt, $780.40: shelter shed and miscellaneous, 
$178.98; a total of $10,866.48. The materials cost $12,- 
947.40, of which the principal items were $6,507.46 for 
Trinidad Lake asphalt, $1,927.61 for fluxing oil, $1,142 
for sand, $859 for fuel oil, and $420 for coal; $465 for 
stone dust, $306 for crushed stone and $297 for cement. 
A royalty of $382.48 was paid for the use of the surface 
heater. On January 1, 1913, there was on hand $1,097 
worth of material, leaving the total value of labor and 
material used for the year $22,716.77. In figuring the 
above costs no depreciation of plant or interest was 
charged, but all small tools have been charged against 
the work. 

July 10, 1913. 




Current Subjects of General 
Interest Under Consideration 


Harrison Street Paving Under Way. 
Council Bluffs, Iowa. — Since the completion of the street 
car line extension on Harrison street, the work of paving 
that street from Hyde avenue north to Fleming avenue 
has been rapidly progressing. E. A. Wickham, the con- 
tractor in charge of the paving, has finished laying the 
concrete base on the north side and the paving of that 
side will probably be finished during the next week. The 
street is being paved on one side at a time so as to per- 
mit traffic on the street during the entire period. 

U. S. Helps to Build Ohio Road. 

Columbus, Ohio. — Restoration of the old National road 
through Ohio from Wheeling, W. Ya., to the Indiana line, 
is the ambitious project upon which Governor Cox has 
decided. The first step has been taken in reconstructing 
the road from Columbus to Zanesville. through the aid of 
$120,000 donated by the Federal Government. The project 
is the first in three-quarters of a century in which the 
National Government has aided. 

French Roads Numbered. 

Paris, France. — Paris has adopted a reform which has 
the double advantage of costing the nation nothing and 
of being invaluable to the tourist. Every highway through- 
out the land is to be given a name and number, and these 
denominations are to be immediately painted on all kilo- 
metre stones and government road-direction posts. It 
appears but a slight reform, but in reality it is one of im- 
mense importance to automobilists. All the roads in 
France are divided into classes: National highways, de- 
partmental highways, chemins de grand communication, 
etc., and each road bears a number. This classification is 
made use of by the authorities, who never speak of a 
highway as the road between Dieppe and Rouen, but as 
"National Highway No. — ." To indicate the position 
more accurately, they have only got to add "Kilometre 
stone No. — " or "Hundred metre stone No. — " to make 
it possible for any person to find a desired spot as easily 
as he would pick out a numbered house in a numbered 

Granger Plans Celebration. 

Granger, Texas. — Under the auspices of the Granger 
Business Men's League. Granger will hold the second an- 
nual good roads and street pavement celebration July 24, 
25 and 26. The different committees have been appointed 
and the entire citizenship of Granger is preparing for the 
big event, which promises to exceed all previous enter- 
tainments. In the way of amusement there will be a gigan- 
tic street parade given by the business men, automobile 
races, baseball games, etc., and the best carnival company 
that can be secured. 

$755,000 for Ashokan Roads. 
New York, N. Y. — New Yorkers will drink water from 
the Catskills by the first of next January, Charles Strauss, 
president of the board of water supply, said, when the 
Board of Estimate approved the authorization of an ex- 
penditure of $755,000 for roads around the Ashokan reser- 
voir "As soon as those roads are finished we can store 
water in the reservoir and let it flow to the Croton reser- 

by City Governments 
and Department Heads 

voir and then to New York City," said the board presi- 
dent. "Had the Board of Estimate not voted the $755,000 
in corporate stock, the people would have been prevented 
for a year longer from receiving the water which has cost 
them so much." More than seventy miles of roads in Ul- 
ster County will be submerged when the Ashokan basins 
are filled. To make up for their loss, it was contracted 
that roads should be built around the lake by the city. 
The delay in the construction hinged on the question 
whether the city or the State would have to maintain them. 
That question has not been settled, but the arguments for 
the use of next fall's rain supply induced the Board of 
Estimate to pass by that difficulty. 

Boone Highway Improved. 

Columbia, Mo. — A gang of 300 men and 80 teams from 
Columbia, headed by County Highway Engineer George 
Ridgeway and P. S. Quinn, put the State highway in first- 
class shape from the Callaway line west to the Howard 
County line. The Columbia Commercial Club raised 
money to hire the workers, and others volunteered. The 
Columbia Automobile Club furnished transportation to 
and from work. Brush was cut, the road dragged and 
smoothed, and ditches cleared. The day was declared 
a holiday by the mayor of Columbia, W. P. Moore, and 
all banks closed for the day. 

Highway Commissioner Asks for Wide Roads. 

Chillicothe, Mo. — State Highway Commissioner Buffum 
has written the highway board setting out some things 
to be required before a road may be designated a county 
seat highway. First of all they must be direct as possible 
with as few turns as needed. He wants all roads at least 
forty feet wide and graded so that a drag may keep them 
in shape. One of the best requirements is that they must 
have ditches and branches crossed by concrete culverts. 
Several routes or proposed county seat roads are already 
going after funds to build permanent culverts. 

Patented Materials May Be Used on State Roads. 
Albany, N. Y. — The new highway law does not prohibit 
absolutely the use of patented material in highway con- 
struction work, according to Attorney General Carmody. 
The Attorney General, in an opinion rendered at the re- 
quest of Commissioner Carlisle of the State Highways 
Department, holds that patented material may be used 
"under such circumstances that there can be a fair and 
reasonable opportunity for competition, the conditions to 
make this to be prescribed by you as commissioner, and 
in making such conditions, you are the judge and can use 
your sound discretion and judgment." 

Experiment With New Paving Material. 

St. Augustine, Fla — Much interest is being taken in an 
experiment which is being made with a new paving mate- 
rial, which, if it proves successful, will be the means of 
greatly reducing the cost of city street pavements as 
well as county roads. The experiment is being conducted 
by the C. S. Young Construction Company of Jackson- 
ville, and it has secured permission from the city author- 
ities to conduct the experiment on a section of Hypolite 
street at the intersection of Cordova street. This is 
located in the heart of the city, which is heavily traveled, 
and will make a good test for the new paving material. 



Vol. XXXV, No. 2. 

This new material is known a> asphaltic surface pave- 
ment, with a soilainies base or foundation, and the hard 
surface is secured simply by mixing tin* special ci I 
with the ordinary street material. It is claimed that this 
combination will make a solid mass, forming a good, smooth 
surfai ad mai>ilitv A small section 

of Hypolite street \sa^ worked over, the cement simply 
being mixed in with the ground shell and dirt, the former 
material of the street. The county authorities will also 
watch the experiment, as they are looking for a good road 
material. It is said that considerable time must be given 
for this material to thoroughly set and harden, and for 
this reason Hypolite street will be closed to traffic for sev- 
eral days, or perhaps a week. It is claimed that this new 
paving material can be laid at a cost of less than $1 a 
square yard. 

City Paving Work Progressing. 

Kalamazoo. Mich. — The new Mixing plant recently in- 
stalled by the Globe Construction Company on its paving 
contract on Fourth street has been the means of laying 
from 700 to 1.000 yards of pavement daily, and City Engi- 
neer Andrew Landerink is of the opinion that as a result 
of the increase in the amount of pavement laid that the 
work which has been decided on for the year will be com- 
pleted before snow flies. The top of the Third street 
pavement has been laid and just as soon as the work is 
completed on Fourth street other work will be undertaken. 
City officials are determined not to carry any work over 
this year for the next council to arrange for. and the city 
engineer and others have been given orders to hustle the 
work along as rapidly as possible so that any delays that 
might result later on could be easily arranged for without 
crippling the paving work of the city in any way. More 
miles of pavement will he laid this year than ever before, 
it is claimed. 

Convicts Start Work on Road. 
Newton, N. J. — In charge of two deputy keepers, twelve 
short-term convicts from the State Prison in Trenton ar- 
rived in a big auto van at the convict camp about two 
miles below Newton. They will be engaged in widening 
the Newton-Stanhope road, which has been taken over as 
a part of the State "blue road" system, designed to con- 
nect important centers. Accompanying the load of men 
was Keeper Thomas B. Madden, of the State Prison: 
State Engineer E. M. Vail and Deputy Keepers Matthew 
Hayes and William H. Wickham. The deputies will 
guard the convicts. As the force is increased the number 
of guards will be increased to five and Mr. Hayes will be 
in command. 

Alleys Improved in Washington. 
Washington. D. C — Eighty-five alleys have been opened. 
or improved in the District of Columbia since 1900. at a 
cost of S19S.692.60. Of the number but six have been con- 
verted into minor streets. This, in brief, is the history^ of 
alley improvement work in the District of Columbia during 
the past thirteen years, according to figures made public 
by Auditor Alonzo Tweedale. More alleys undoubtedly 
would have been converted into minor streets but For the 
provision of the law requirinc that the entire cost in such 
undertakings be assessed against adjoining and abutting 
property as benefits. Mr. Tweedale believes that the law 
should be amended giving discretion to condemnation juries 
ip the matter of assessments for benefits. He pointed out 
that there is a reimbursable fund amounting to $99,876, 
which could be used for cleaning up the city's slum? if the 
law were amended in this particular. It also is the opinion 
of the auditor that a survey of th( alley situation should 
be made and appropriation requested with which to carry 
out improvements suggested. He stated there is prospect 
of the District having more available re\ \ ear. 

due to the fact that there will be only a small payment 
to make on the floating debt, and that it is possible this 
condition might pave the way to solution of the alley 
pr< iblcm. 


Sewer Started. 
< >neida, N. Y. — The work of building and repairing 
in several streets under the direction of Charles Fitzgerald,* 
commissioner of public works, is progressing rapidly. Al 
sewer 900 feet long in Cedar street has been started. The} 
Brooks street sewer, which has just been completed, re-l 
quired the laying f 255 feet of mains. The contract foil 
installing the trunk lines in these two streets was awarded! 
to Contractors Xixdorf and Descenzo. The break in the 
Elizabeth street line between Walnut and Main streets, has 
been repaired after two months' work. The project has cost; 
the city nearly $2,000, it is claimed. The Elizabeth street] 
main drains the entire southern part of the city and in ordetj 
to secure the proper level it was necessary to lay this sewef 
eighteen feet underground. The work of repairing it was 
therefore made both difficult and expensive. 

Stops Municipal Bakery. 

St. Louis, Mo. — St. Louis muncipal bakery in the Indus- 
trial School, which for eleven years has supplied all thei 
bread used in the city's eight principal penal and eleemosy- 
nary institutions, has been shut down. This has been 
ordered by Mayor Henry W. Kiel, who contends baking 
is not a proper instruction for the city's wayward boys 
and that work in the bakeshop is not healthful for them. 

In the eleven years of baking at the Industrial School, 
12.386,000 pounds of bread have been turned out. The 
school has supplied all city institutions except for two 
months last winter, when a diphtheria epidemic caused a 
shutdown of the plant. An average of 3.200 pounds a day 
is consumed by the city's wards and prisoners. Mayor 
Kiel, on a recent trip to the Industrial School, found con- 
ditions in the bakeshop unsanitary. Six or seven bakers are 
employed, but the school lads do much of the work. Since 
the school soon is to be moved to Fort Bellefontaine on 
the Missouri River, where a farm has been purchased, the 
bakery output would have to come from another source in 
the next year. The mayor said it is planned the time the 
boys have spent in the bakery shall he devoted to studies 
and outdoor work in future. 



Face Water Famine. 

Suisun, Cal. — Unless something is accomplished to rem- 
edy conditions the town will be facing a water famine 
within a short time. The wells from which the municipal 
water supply is now obtained are reported to be failing 
rapidly as the dry season progresses and there is practi- 
cally no water in the storage reservoir. Some weeks ago 
the town trustees made a contract with a man to sink 
additional wells, but his drilling outfit broke down before 
he made any progress and he has thrown up the contract. 
The contract has been awarded to another man, but it 
is feared that the water supply will give out before the well 
can be sunk. 

Town Rejects Offer of Its Water Company. 

Hailey. Idaho. — The city council has rejected the propo-. 
sition of the Idaho State Life Insurance Company to sell 
the present water system for $30,000. The rejection was 
made on the report of Raymond Guyer. engineer, who 
was employed to examine the water supply and pipe line 
system. According to the report it would cost the city 
$40,000 above what they would pay the insurance com- I 
pany ($30,000) to put the system in proper condition. 

Akron on Verge of Water Famine. 

\kron. Ohio. — Akron is staring into the face of a water* 
famine, which under present conditions is inevitable, ac- : j 
cording to Water Engineer and Expert E. 0. Bradbury, j 
Water enough to supply the city for two months, making j 
no allowance for evaporation or leakage, is all that is eon- j 
tained in the storage lakes south of the city. More water 
i* being used from the lakes daily than is flowing in, and j 
rains at this season of the year would be of little advan- 
tage. "The situation is indeed critical," declared Expert : 

July 10, 1913. 



I Bradbury. "It is evident that many people do not appre- 
I ciate the seriousness of it all, but they must co-operate 
I with the city. The water department has not cautioned 
I them to be economical with the water, just for the mere 
sure of doing- so. It's just this: A little water now. 
! or none after a while. The present situation i= the re- 
sult of the Hood last spring. 1 knew and predicted at that 
time, that unless repairs were made in ten days to save 
1 the spring rainfall, there would be a serious shortage dur- 
ing the summer. We went to Columbus and urged the 
State authorities to make repairs at once, convincing them 
that it was an emergency. They did, proceeding without 
legislation, but it was almost six weeks before the repairs 
were made. That prevented us saving the spring rains. 
Rainfall now soaks into the ground and we receive but 
little benefit from it. A great deal is also used by vegeta- 
tion. We are now u^ing water from the west reservoir 
and Turkeyfoot lake. It is only possible to lower Long 
lake by one foot, and when this is done our supply will 
be exhausted. It will be the worst state of affairs im- 
aginable, and I hope the people will economize." 

New Water Main Near Completion. 
Grand Haven, Mich. — Contractor Derrow, who has 
Ere of the laying of the water main from the big well 
on the shore of Lake Michigan to the pumping station, 
announces that the job will be finished in three w-eeks, and 
that the unlimited supply of lake water in the new well 
will furnish an abundance of good drinking water. "It has 
been a slow, tedious job all the way through," he said. 
'"We could not put any more men on the force, because 
under the circumstances it would be useless. All the 
had to be done under water, and the caulking had 
to be done by a diver. But it was the quickest and cheap- 
est way out of it, so we acted accordingly." 

Will Take Precaution Against Typhoid Epidemic. 

Richmond, Ya. — In response to the demands of the 
State and city health authorities and physicians of Rich- 
mond, the Administrative Board has voted unanimously 
to have Acting Superintendent of Water, William Lawton, 
Jr., install a hypochlorite plant at the Settling Basins. 
Superintendent Lawton has ordered a large quantity of 
hypochlorite of lime from Philadelphia and made arrange- 
ments to give the Settling Basin water its first treatment 
of the germicide, when Richard Messer, the State Health 
Department's sanitary engineer, arrives in the city. Four 
additional cases of typhoid fever have been reported by 
inspectors of the Health Department, bringing the total 
number of cases received during the month of June to 
thirty-three. During the month of June, 1912, there were 
reported only eighteen cases of typhoid in the city. The 
new cases tabulated are located in widely separated sec- 
tions of the city. There have been five deaths from ty- 
phoid this month, and forty-nine cases are now on the 
Health Board chart. Dr. Levy, while blaming the water 
for a portion of the present fever outbreak, is of the opin- 
ion that at present it is practically free from contamination. 

Reservoir Work Stops. 

Ogden, Utah. — Work on the million-dollar reservoir on 
the South Fork of the Ogden river has been abandoned by 
the construction company, which has filed a lien against 
the Ogden River Reservoir Company for $29,000. The 
work was being done by the American Construction Com- 
pany, which took over the contract from the Gillis Con- 
struction Company It is said that the contract calls for 
excavation of the rockwork in the core wall trench for $1 
per cubic yard below the level of 5,280, and for 70 cents 
per cubic foot above that level and, when the reservoir 
company signed up the contract with Ogden to build the 
dam jointly, it is said that the construction company 
changed the price from $1 to $7 and from 70 cents to 
$3 per cubic yard and the amount of the lien is supposed 
to cover the difference between the contracted price and 
the new price set. 

William Glasmann, president of the Ogden River Reser- 
voir Company, says that the lien will not stop the work 
on the dam as a new company will take up the work 
where the last one left off. 

Dover Water Break Repaired. 

Dover. N. J. — The break at the pumping plant of the 
municipal water works having been repaired, fears of a 
water famine have been somewhat allayed. The water 
commissioners, however, havi advised that consumers dis- 
continue all lawn and street sprinkling for the present. 
According to the notice issued by President John Egbert, 
of the Water Board, the gravity supply is decreasing rap- 
idly, there being but eighteen inches of water in the low 
service reservoir. 

Refuses to Allow Town to Change Water Service. 
Woodbury, N. J. — The state water supply commission 
has denied the application of the town of Woodbury for 
permission to install a new and additional source of water 
supply. The town, at present is supplied by surface 
water, and it was proposed to put in a system involving a 
sub-surface supply. The board decided that the present 
supply is adequate and that proper policing of the water- 
shed and the installation of a filtration system would in- 
sure the pure and wholesome quality of the water. The 
board recently gave a hearing upon the application at 

Bryan City Plant Declares Dividend. 
Bryan, Tex. — The municipal water, light and sewer plant 
declared dividends for the month of May, after all ex- 
penses were paid, as follows: Water department, $247; 
light department. $472.25; sewer department, $155.45; total 
profits, $874.70. The city is now enjoying the best service 
in its history and saves several thousand dollars yearly in 
free street sprinkling water, etc. 

Water Supply Is Ample. 

Charlotte, Mich. — Some of the hottest weather in years 
and a long drought have not endangered Charlotte's water 
supply in the least for, although the danger mark is four 
feet, the wells show 16 feet of water at the present time, 
despite the fact that 800,000 gallons of water have been 
pumped in 12 hours during the hot spell, a record at the 

Water Plant Deranged. 

Larned, Kan. — The failure of valves to hold back the 
water in the city water system temporarily deranged the 
water service. The city was connecting up two new deep 
wells to pump directly into the mains so that the summer 
supply would be sufficient to meet the demand. It took 
a day and a night of work tightening up the valves before 
the water could be held back so that the connections could 
be made. 

Pure Water for Four Towns. 

Thibodaux, La. — The question of pure water for Napo- 
leonville, Thibodaux and Houma by filtering the Missis- 
sippi River at Donaldsonville is receiving quite a large 
amount of attention. The industries appreciate the change, 
for the machinery, boilers, etc., are eaten by rust by the 
saline water used from the bayou. Mayor Trone, however, 
is working on a plan which he expects to divulge in the 
near future, whereby pure filtered river water can be fur- 
nished the four towns at little expense. 

Temporary Dam Work Begins. 
Fort Worth, Tex. — Concrete work on the temporary 
dam of the West Fork Reservoir of the city has been 
commenced. When completed, the dam will impound 
1,000,000,000 gallons of water, which insures the city, 
according to the reservoir committee of the City Commis- 
sion, against a possibility of a scarcity of water during 
the coming summer, for in case the artesian system 
proves inadequate to meet the summer demands, then the 
water impounded by this dam will be brought down the 
channel of the river to the filtering station and be pumped 
into the city mains at that point. It was expected that the 
dam would have been completed two weeks ago, but on ac- 
count of rains and consequent high water in the river 
channel, it was impossible to proceed with the work. 



Vol. XXXV, No. 2. 

May Get Water Supply from Kentucky City. 
Winchester, Ky. — A surveying party under Engineer 
Sam 11. Rutledge is running a line from the Govermuint 
lock and dam on the Kentucky river at Ford down the 
river to Howard's creek and thence to the present pump- 
ing station of the Winchester Water Company. It is re- 
ported that the Water Company is preparing to extend 
its lines to Kentucky river at an early date, in order to 
the additional demand caused by the rapid growth 
of Winchester and its manufacturing enterprises. Several 
engineering obstacles will have to be overcome in con- 
structing the new line owing to the fact that Winchester 
is nearly 600 feet higher than the water level of Kentucky 
river, but it is thought a powerful battery of force pumps 
will be equal to the requirements especially if a relay 
station is established at the present group of reservoirs, 
four and one-half miles from town. The new plant prob- 
ably will necessitate an additional investment of more 
than a quarter of million dollars. 

Jersey City Given Right to Join Up Water Lines. 
Jersey City. X. I. — Permission has been given the Jer- 
sey City water department by the Hudson County Board 
of Freeholders to open Belleville turnpike, the dividing 
line between Bergen and Hudson counties, for the pur- 
pose of making a connection with a water main. There 
had been a question as to the right of the water depart- 
ment to make the tap without first obtaining the privilege 
from the Hudson County board. Such a permit had been 
obtained from the Bergen County board. The town of 
Kearny, it is said, will oppose every effort of the Jersey 
City Water Department to supply the new West Hudson 
Park with water, although a contract has been made by 
the Park Commission with Jersey City to furnish the 
supply. The water department claims the only reason it 
has for making a tap in the Belleville turnpike main is to 
give the Pennsylvania Railroad shops a larger supply. 


Rebuilding Light Plant. 
Roff, Okla. — Superintendent Frank Matthews has a 
force of workmen putting up the new machinery for the 
municipal light and water works plant, to take the place 
of one that was destroyed by lire a few months ago. The 
building and machinery is all new. When completed this 
will be one of the best equipped plants of the kind in this 
part of the State. 

May Use Electric Pumps. 

Hartford City, Ind. — Electric pumps are to be installed 

in the city's municipal water plant by the American Gas 

and Electric Company in a trial to prove that water can 

be pumped cheaper with electricity than steam. If the test 

es the claims of the light company it is probable the 

cil will purchase the pumps, maintaining the present 

new battery of boilers as an emergency plant. During the 

trial water will be pumped direct into the mains to enable 

the city to empty the big reservoir so that workmen may 

enter it, clean out the sediment and make needed repairs. 

If electric pumps prove practical the city will not have to 

construct a new cistern. 

Carnival Marks Turning On of New Lights. 

Minneapolis, Minn. — Mayor Wallace G. Nye pushed the 
button that inaugurated the new ornamental street lights 
on two blocks of Lake street at Bloomington avenue. The 
East Lake Street Commercial Club, instrumental in secur- 
ing the lamps, directed the celebration. Features of the 
arnival were fireworks, dancing, concert by a 
"rube" band, and a kangaroo court with Thomas P. Glea- 
^••ii on thi Iderman M. P. Mclnerny, as chief, 

and Verne Watson, Christian Eck and C. A. Hoover, as 
policemen, rounded up much business for the judge. Their 
victims paid ng from SO cents to $1 for being 

caught. Police Chief Oscar Martinson attended to get 
idea-, but stayed on the outskirts of the crowd and es- 
caped arrest Wesley Pearson led the "rube" band of 
twenty pieces. An organ grinder with a "monkey" at- 
tached to a chain captured a few coins. Senator Manley 

L. Fosseen and Harry McLaskey sold popcorn and others 
dispensed confetti and soft drinks. The lights are of the 
same variety that line the downtown streets and form thej^ 
third link in a chain of lights proposed to line Lake street 
from Lake Calhoun to the Mississippi river. Similar cen- 
ters have been installed at Nicollet avenue and Twenty- 
seventh avenue S. j 


Umbrellas Provided for Policemen. 
Washington, D. C. — Umbrellas as a protection to the 
policemen directing traffic have been provided in several 
cities and Major Sylvester has established one as an ex- 
periment at the intersection of 15th street, New York and 
Pennsylvania avenues. Major Sylvester thinks it also will 
assist occupants of vehicles in dire cting the course of 
travel. The chief of police thinks he soon will have unt- 
il. at all of the more important street railway cross- 

Courtesy of Washington Star. 


ings. Heretofore the police have had to stand on the 
streets in all kinds of weather without the slightest pro- 
tection, and in severe weather it was absolutely necessary 
;or them to get relief at intervals. 

With Indianapolis providing foot warmers for the police 
in winter, Washington and Baltimore keeping their heads 
:ool in summer, r nd Glasgow, Scotland, providing warm 
food and tea for ; olicemen on duty, by means of electric 
heaters or hot pi; tes placed in telephone signal boxes, the 
lot of the policeman should be a happy one. 

The establishi lent of an island of safety at the inter- 
section of New /ork avenue, 13th and H streets northwest 
is provided for in an amendment to the police regulations. 
Pedestrians, drivers of horses and persons operating auto- 
mobiles have long regarded this intersection as especially 
dangerous. It is planned to erect a number of iron pillars 
to mark off a space where pedestrians crossing or waiting 
the arrival of street cars may stand without danger of 
being run over by vehicles. Vehicles will be required to 
move to the right of the space so marked in order to 
avoid possible accidents. 

Copy St. Louis Police Plan. 
St. Louis, Mo. — Reorganization of the New York Police 
Department is planned along the lines of the St. Louis 
Bureau, so far as the efficiency and merit system is con- 
cerned, according to advices received by Chief of Police 
Young. The decision to adopt the St. Louis plan in New 
York was made on a report of Alfred H. De Roode, a 
New York lawyer and former secretary of the Civil Ser- 
vice Reform Association, who was delegated to devise 
means of bringing the department to a basis of merit. In 
his report he recommends the St. Louis plan to the ex- 
clusion of all others. Under the plan, demerit marks take 
the places of fines for minor infractions. Good work is 
rewarded with merit marks. In St. Louis, a man may 
automatically remove himself from the department by 
dropping below the required number of merit marks. 

July 10, 1913. 




More Fire Autos in Service. 
Philadelphia, Pa.- — Three more of the special motor cars 
that have been provided for the battalion chiefs of the 
Fire Department have been put in commission. There are 
now in service five such fire vehicles and one department 
chief's car. Director Porter, of the Department of Public 
Safety, said that during the coming week the department 
will advertise bids for additional fire apparatus, but just 
what this will include he was not ready to say. As soon 
as all the improved fire vehicles have been received, the 
director said, a fire parade will be held. This probably 
will be next October. 

Fire Apparatus Wrecked. 
Southampton, N. Y. — There was great consternation 
among members of Southampton Hose Company No. 1 
one morning recently when it was ascertained that during 
the night the motor hose truck had been taken out of its 
house by unknown parties and almost completely wrecked. 
The truck had been at Bridgehampton during the evening. 
One of the members of the hose company says whoever 
had the truck was either inexperienced in driving or was 
intoxicated. The truck was recently acquired by the com- 
pany, and it took much pride in it. A meeting of the 
company will be held for the purpose of making an in- 
vestigation into the matter. 

Demonstrate Tractor. 
Boston, Mass. — Several manufacturers of tractors for 
city fire departments are busy in interesting the Boston 
fire department officials in their products. A Providence 
concern sent a fully equipped motor-driven lire engine over 
the road, the trip taking only three hours, and the machine 
was driven through the business district, stopping at vari- 
ous points and permitting the citizens to examine it. The 
driver was accompanied by Eugene M. Byington, superin- 
tendent of the Boston fire department repair shop. The 
machine stopped on School street, in front of City Hall 
and the Mayor went out to inspect it. Fire Commissioner 
Cole is not ready to say that the tractor for fire engines 
is entirely suitable for Boston's use, but included in the 
$300,000 recommendation recently sent to the Mayor for 
motor equipment, provision was made for the purchase 
of eight or ten tractors. They cost about $4,500 each, and 
can be affixed to the engines now in the department. 

St. Louis Adds to Its Automobiles. 

St. Louis, Mo. — The automobile equipment of the City 
of St. Louis is growing at a rapid rate. The past week the 
addition of no fewer than twenty-nine machines was pro- 
vided for. Five of these were Baker Electric trucks, which 
were bought by the Board of Education for use in delivery 
service between the office of the Board of Educa- 
tion supply commissioner in the Board of Education Build- 
ing and the schools of the city. A garage for these ma- 
chines as well as for other automobiles in the service of 
the board has been provided on School street, just east 
of Grand avenue. The board has its own power plant in 
the Central High School, a short distance from the garage, 
and this plant will be used in charging the batteries of the 
electric trucks. Twenty-four automobiles were bought by 
City Supply Commissioner Joseph B Thomas for the ser- 
vice of city departments, the total expenditure having been 
$18,544. The new equipment includes sixteen Ford run- 
abouts to go into the service of the building commissioner, 
the street commissioner and the sewer commissioner, re- 
placing in part old equipment; four five-passenger Ford 
touring cars, to serve, respectively, the superintendent of 
the Industrial School, the city forester, the building in- 
spector and the superintendent of the Fire and Police Tele- 
graph; two Stutz four-cylinder six-passenger touring cars, 
1914 model, to serve the street commissioner and the sup- 
ply commissioner; two five-passenger four-cylinder Cadil- 
lac touring cars, to serve the building commissioner and 
the water commissioner. Much of the new purchase re- 
places antiquated cars, which are disposed of as a condi- 

tion of the new purchase. The present automobile equip- 
ment of the city includes, exclusive of the machines used 
by the police and the Board of Education, thirty-five run- 
abouts, five touring cars, eight ambulances, four automo- 
bile fire engines and four Fire Department service trucks. 

New Apparatus Sent to Lomita Park Fire. 

San Mateo, Cal. — Motor-driven fire apparatus went to the 
aid of a sister city ten miles away, when flames threat- 
ened to wipe out Lomita Park, a residence section of San 
Bruno. Being without fire-fighting facilities, San Bruno 
appealed to San Mateo and Hillsborough, and in less than 
fifteen minutes the powerful auto chemical engines were 
on the scene. The run was made along the newly paved 
State highway, and the big machines laden with firemen 
reached a speed of fifty-five miles per hour. The fire broke 
out in the home of Louis Roberts, engineer for the Spring 
Valley Water Company, and quickly spread to the house 
of S. K. Frazer. Fanned by a stiff wind, the blaze threat- 
ened to destroy all the houses that were in its path. As the 
flames were leaping to the next house in line the fire ap- 
paratus from San Mateo and Hilsborough arrived, and in 
a few minutes the fire was under control. The run 
was the initial one for the Hillsborough Fire Depart- 
ment. After the fire was under control the San Mateo 
machine was sent back and Chief Walter A. Grant and 
Assistant Chief C. M. Hirschy took charge of the situation. 


Norwalk Becomes City; Takes Eighth Rank. 
Norwalk, Conn. — By a majority of 681, the consolida- 
tionists won in the special election on the question of 
merging Norwalk, South Norwalk and other component 
parts of the town of Norwalk into the city of Norwalk. 
The change will be effective the first week in October, 
when in the regular election officers of the new city will be 
chosen. The total vote in favor was 2,288; against, 1,607. 
The new city will, on the basis of population, rank eighth 
among the cities of the State. 

Cheyenne Adopts Commission Form. 
Cheyenne, Wyo. — Polling about one-third of its normal 
voting strength, Cheyenne, on June 24, adopted the com- 
mission form of government by a vote of 950 to 182.. 

New Plan Has Saved City More Than $3,000. 
Baltimore, Md. — Since the adoption by the city last Oc- 
tober of the plan to deal with concerns allowing discounts 
for immediate payment of bills $3,097.21 has been saved 
the taxpayers. So pleased, indeed, is Deputy City Comp- 
troller W. T. Childs, who formulated the scheme, with the 
results that he will lay before the Mayor a proposition to 
submit to the heads of all departments a list of those con- 
cerns allowing discounts with instructions to confine their 
dealings with the listed concerns. 

Bid for El Paso Bonds Rejected. 
El Paso, Tex. — Only one bid was received for El Paso 
County's latest issue of $350,000 in road improvement 
bonds. The bidder was a Chicago concern and the bid 
offered was to take the bonds at par and reserved the 
right to pay out the money only one requisition of the 
engineer as the work progresses. The bid was rejected 
and new bids will be called for. Stringency of the Eastern 
money market is taken as the reason for the lone bid. 

Figures on Ten-Point Tax Rate Raise. 
Elizabeth, N. J.— Comptroller John S. Sauer's estimate 
of the expense for the conduct of city affairs has been sub- 
mitted to the council and referred to the finance committee. 
It provides for an outlay of $1,100,000, and will mean a tax 
rate of $1.76 per $100 of valuation, an increase of ten 
points. For the purpose of looking into the matter of the 
purchase of a municipal electric lighting plant when the 
city's contract with the Public Service Electric Company 
expires next year, council passed a resolution appropriating 
$250 for the engaging of Runyon & Cary, engineers, to 



Vol. XXXV, No. 2. 


Street Sweepers Ask More Pay. 
Chicago, 111 — Two hundred Poles, Lithuanians, Greeks 
and laborers of other na First Ward constituents 

oi "Hinkey Dink" Kenna, laid down their brooms and de- 
clared they were through Irving to make a "spotless town" 
out of the First Ward, unless they got more pay. The 
as were stacked in a heap and the "white wings" 
gathered i" (irant Park where speakers voiced a demand 
--'50 a day. The street sweepers now get $2 a day. 
The city authorities made vain efforts to get the men to 
return to work pending a settlement. Later in the day they 
asked "Hinkey Dink" to act as arbitrator. 

Garbage Plant Burned Down. 

M.Tgantown, W. \ a. — Morgantown's city garbage plant, 
which has been the bone of contention between local citi- 
zens and Westover residents for several months, was 
burned to the ground by incendiaries, entailing a heavy- 
loss. The controversy to ha\e it moved out of Westover 
was carried up to the supreme court and back. 
Work Started on Garbage Plant. 

Washington, Pa. — Excavations have been started for the 
garbage furnace to be erected by W. K. Herbert, of Mc- 
Keesport, on the borough farm at Arden. Wm. Pickett & 
Co., are the sub-contractors for the excavating and Luel- 
len, Curran & McClain the carpenter work. W. K. Her- 
bert will have charge of the brick work and the brick will 
be furnished by the Washington Brick Co. The plant will 
cost $10,500, and will be a double unit, 20-ton incinerator. 
This will more than accommodate the garbage of the town 
and will provide for the future. It will not be necessary 
to use both units, but in case one breaks down or has 
JO be shut down for a day or two, the other can be used, 
and the plant will run steadily. The furnace will be located 
just to the southeast of the present engine house of the 
sewage disposal plant. It will be housed in a substantial 
brick building, and the furnace will consume all manner of 
garbage. The sewer committee believes the furnace to be 
erected here is the most successful plant that could be 
obtained. The committee visited several and none came 
up to the Herbert furnace. Mr. Herbert is erecting a simi- 
lar plant at the same contract price for the borough of 
N'ew Kensington. 

Oil for Vineville Avenue. 
Macon, Ga. — Alderman Lee Happ, chairman of the 
street committee, states that the oil sprinkler will be as- 
• d to Vineville avenue next week. The city has pur- 
chased 40,000 gallons of oil for sprinkling on the unpaved 
streets in the business and residential sections. However, 
the city only has one sprinkler, to be used both for water 
and oil, and in consequence it takes considerable time to 
visit all of the streets where oil is desired. 

Garbage Disposal Plant Nears Completion. 
Erie, Pa. — Within three months Erie's new garbage dis- 
posal plant will be in operation, City Engineer Briggs be- 
lieves, and residents of the city will be furnished a garbage 
disposal service without a superior in the state, it is ex- 
pected. The building has been completed and workmen 
are now installing the machinery which will dispose of all 
the refuse in the city. The plant, which is six miles south 
of the city, has been built to serve the needs of the munici- 
pality for many years t" come, The building is built en- 
tirely of brick and is erected close to the tracks of the P. & 
I-:. Railroad, which will haul the garbage from the city in 
huge tanks to the plant where it will be destroyed by fire. 
\11 rubbish will be burned and cans and similar articles 
which find their way into the ^;ir^ will be sold. 

Two furnaces will be erected on the first floor of the build- 
ing, the floors, and there are two of them, are both built of 
cement so they can be readily cleaned. Each furnace is 10 
feet wide and 10 feet high. In the top of each arc seven 
holes through which the garbage will be dumped. As the 
garbage is emptied into the furnace it passes through three 

grates and is reduced gradually to ashes in a big pit below 
the furnaces. The tine ashes are forced through a screen 
and will be sold as fertilizer and the can and similar refuse 
is dumped into an adjoining gully and will be sold. The 
collection system will be most thorough, officials say. and 
all garbage is collected by the city without cost to the res- 
idents. When a wayon has collected a load it goes to the 
loading station and the refuse is dumped into cars which 
go to the disposal works. The tracks of the railroad run 
directly into the plant and two cars can be accommodated 
at one time. By means of an overhead trolley system the 
tanks are taken to the different furnace openings and their 
contents dumped into the fire. Fifty tons of rubbish can 
be handled in ten hours by both furnaces. So sanitary will 
be the arrangements in the building that as soon as the 
tanks have been emptied they are immersed in cauldrons 
of scalding hot water to cleanse them before they are re- 
turned to the railroad cars. Each tank holds a ton of gar- 
bage and weighs 1,100 pounds. Exclusive of the wagons, 
mules and harness, the garbage disposal plant, the land and 
equipment cost the city approximately $40,000. The city 
engineer department has had direct charge of the erection 
of the plant and Harry C. Crouch has looked after the en- 
gineering work. Unless some unforeseen accident happen, 
the plant will be ready for operation by the last of Septem- 
ber or the first of October, and the free collection of the 
garbage of the city will then be started. 


Cars Operated by Hydroelectric Power. 
St. Louis, Mo. — Electricity generated by water power 
at the dam at Keokuk, Iowa, has been turned into the 
wires of St. Louis and two-thirds of the street cars in the 
city are propelled by the new current. By the end of the 
week practically all the street cars, motors and electric 
lights in St. Louis will be operated from the new hydro- 
electric plant and the city will be the largest one in the 
country to be thus supplied. 

Commissioner Returns from Europe with Information. 
Detroit, Mich. — John F. Dodge, Street Railway Commis- 
sioner of Detroit, who has been abroad for three months 
studying municipal ownership in England, Scotland and 
Ireland, on his arrival in Xew York, was met at the pier by- 
Oscar Marz, Mayor of Detroit. A campaign is on in 
Detroit looking to the city ownership of street railways, 
and it was to obtain facts backing up such a proposal that 
Mr. Dodge went abroad. He declared that his trip had 
been successful and that he would have many new ideas on 
the subject to submit to the people of Detroit. Both Mr. 
Dodge and Mayor Marx believe that Detroit soon will 
purchase and operate the street railways. 

Lincoln Lowest in Car Fares. 

Lincoln. Neb. — With three short interurban lines and 
two regular street railway systems operating in cities of 
Nebraska, Lincoln enjoys the lowest electric car rate in 
the state, according to a report made public by the state 
railway commission. The average fare of the Lincoln 
Traction Co. was 4J4 cents, while the average on the 
lines in Omaha was 5.16. The excess in Omaha resulted 
from the charging of 10 cents on some of the suburban 
lines. The Omaha Traction Co. collected 51.000,000 fares 
during the year 1912, while the Lincoln lines collected 
11,000,000 fares. 

Municipal Line Complete. 

San Francisco, Cal.— With Mayor Rolph present as ex- 
officio motorman the first regular car was run June 25 over 
the completed beach-to-ferries municipal electric line. The 
city authorities and their guests filled the mayor's car and 
a second one. A portion of the line has been in operation 
for some months. 

Plan to Control Airships. 

Minneapolis, Minn. — The Minneapolis charter commis- 
sion, engaged in preparing a new charter for Minneapolis, 
has drafted a section, advocated by a majority of the 

July 10, 1913. 



board, governing the speed and conduct of airships. "We 
are drafting this charter to last a good many years," said 
one member of the commission, "and look forward to the 
things of to-morrow as well as the conditions of to-day. 
Within a few years airships will be plentiful and we will 
have to keep them from dumping refuse in our front yards 
whenever they might feel so disposed." One member of the 
commission declared such a section foolish. It has not 
yet been adopted by the commission. 


City Prisoners to Pull Weeds. 
Pensacola, Fla. — The board of city commissioners have 
just announced that they have decided to put all male pris- 
oners in the city jail to work pulling up weeds and other- 
wise cleaning up the different lots owned by the city. The 
prisoners will also be place at work in the various squares 
and parks, where they will be used in pulling up weeds 
-mil assisting in the work of keeping these places clean. 

City Loses Fight Against Big Railroads. 

Jersey City, X. J. — The Court of Errors and Appeals 
affirmed the decision of the Supreme Court in favor of the 
Pennsylvania and the Erie Railroad Cos. in suits brought 
against them by Jersey City for emitting dense volumes 
at smoke in that city. The court said the Legislature 
authorized the railroad companies to emit smoke and tne 
ordinance of Jersey City, under which the suits were 
brought, undertook to punish them, whether smoke was 
negligently emitted or not. 

Twenty-seven Mayors Favor Sunday Baseball. 

New York, X. V. — A referendum vote taken among the 
mayors of 50 cities in Xew York state shows an over- 
whelming majority in favor of Sunday baseball, according 
to figures made public by William P. Capes, secretary of 
the conference of Mayors of the State of Xew York. Out 
of 32 mayors voting, 27 endorsed Sunday playing of the 
game, five were against it. In view of the vote a resolu- 
tion has been sent to Governor Sulzer, requesting that he 
place the matter before the Legislature with a view to re- 
pealing statutes w'hich prohibit professional baseball on 

Municipal Picnic Held at Seattle. 

Seattle, Wash. — Seattle celebrated its first municipal 
picnic day, proclaimed a holiday by Mayor lieurge F. Cot- 
terill to give all city employees an outing, by a big street 
parade of the employees in all the departments of the city 
government, after which a picnic was held at Woodland 

Womens Club Donates Five Drinking Fountains. 

Grand Haven, Mich. — Work has commenced on the in- 
stallation of the drinking fountains donated to the city 
by the Woman's Club. They are of the latest improved 
design and will be connected with the water main, which, 
with the completion of the Lake Michigan well main in 
three weeks, will furnish an abundant supply of wholesome 
water. The fountains will be placed at convenient places 
all over the city. They will be placed at the corners of 
Water and Washington, Second and Washington, Seventh 
and Washington and Seventh and Fulton, and one at the 

Cambridge Arraigns Alcohol. 

Cambridge, Mass. — Cambridge is apparently the first city 
in the Commonwealth to place posters generally to show 
the economic waste by alcohol. Mayor Barry has ordered 
the "long posters" so-called to be put in every public 
building and the park commission will place posters in 
every park and playground. The "long posters" pub- 
lished by the Boston Associated Charities, is addressed to 
"Citizens!" It states that the public thinks that only 
heavy drinking harms, but, as a matter of fact, experiments 
show that moderate drinking- is a menace to health and 
an enemy to efficiency, that alcohol lowers vitality and 
opens the door to disease, that it is responsible for much 
insanity, poverty and crime. At the Massachusetts Gen- 

eral Hospital, the use of alcohol as a medicine iias de- 
clined 77 per cent, in eight years. The poster cuneludes as 
follows: "Commercialized vice is promoted through alco- 
hol. Citizens, think! Arrayed against alcohol are econ- 
omy, science, efficiency, health, morality — the very assets 
of a nation; the very soul of a people." 

Tablet Teils Story of Historic Council Rock. 

Youngstown, O. — In order to preserve the tradition of 
the historic Council Ruck in Lincoln Park, Superintendent 
Lionel Evans and City Engineer F. M. Lillie have prepared 
a wooden tablet with gold letters telling the story as fol- 
lows: 'This rock, known as Nea-To-Ka, or Council Rock, 
is the second largest glacial boulder in Ohio. Tradition 
saj s that for generations the Indians held their solemn 
councils about this rock. Their last meeting was held 
here on their return from the slaughter of Braddock's 
troops in 1755. In some way they offended the Great 
Spirit. The angry deity passed over their council in the 
storm cloud leaving desolation in his path. Many of the 
Indians were killed by lightning and falling trees. The 
stone was broken by a bolt of lightning. The remaining 
Indians left the region in terror." It is the intention at 
some time to replace the wood tablet with one of metal. 

Puts Ban on Deadly Drugs. 

Chicago, 111. — Aroused by unusually frequent suicides 
and accidental deaths from poisoning, three aldermen have 
introduced orders requesting the health committee to draft 
an ordinance prohibiting the promiscuous sale of deadly 
drugs. All were passed. 

City Operates Ice Plants. 

Cincinnati, O. — Two large ice plants belonging to the 
Cincinnati Ice Delivery Co. practically were commandeered 
by city authorities to provide relief for hospitals and 
charitable .institutions affected by a strike of employees of 
ice plants. As a result, 20,000 tons of ice were made. 
Mayor Hunt obtained the consent of the owners of the 
plants to have them operated if he could and then called 
a meeting of the strikers and explained the seriousness 
of the situation. The men readily agreed to run the plants 
if the ice should be sold under city supervision. 

Fatal Collapse of Municipal Bath House Bridge. 

Lawrence, Mass. — Eleven children, all boys less than 
ten years old, were drowned June 30 when a wooden 
bridge connecting the Municipal Bath House with the river 
collapsed. There were fifty boys crowded onto the bridge 
when the flooring suddenly gave way. The bath house 
was owned by the city and the supports of the flimsy 
structure gave way. Medical Examiner Dow will begin an 
investigation to determine the cause of the collapse im- 
mediately. The boys had crowded onto the bridge wait- 
ing for the caretaker when the accident occured. The 
bridge broke 15 feet from the shore and 6 feet from the 
bath house. The boys fell with the bridge into the river 
and several of the boys were crushed by the heavy timbers. 

"Sunken Gardens" Planned for City. 

Salt Lake City, Utah.— Salt Lake is to have three beauti- 
ful "sunken gardens" similar to the famous sunken gar- 
dens of California. This is the announcement that comes 
from city officials and the owners of one of the largest 
residence subdivisions on the brow of the east bench. Be- 
ginning at Thirteenth East and Ninth South a great nat- 
ural ravine over 100 feet deep and from 150 to 210 leet 
wide winds its way in great beautiful curves for three- 
quarters of a mile eastward through Douglas Park toward 
the Wasatch foothills. The sides of the ravine are already 
heavily sodded and the soil is a rich, fertile loam, readily 
susceptible to cultivation for flower beds, miniature parks, 
shade trees, lawns and shrubbery. Several famous land- 
scape gardeners have inspected this site and have pro- 
nounced it ideal for the purpose to which it has been dedi- 
cated The entire ravine has been deeded to the city by 
the owners of Douglas Park with the provision that the 



Vol. XXXV. No. 2. 

city establish immediately and forever maintain the ravine 
as a sunken garden. A winding drive for automobiles will 
be put in along the sides of the ravine overlooking the 
sunken garden, and this drive will divert into similar drives 
to be constructed along the tides of two other ravines in 
Douglas Park which arc also to be converted into sunken 

Twenty-Two Recreation Centres Opened. 

Providence, R. I. — A new system of control of the play- 
grounds and recreation centres goes into effect when the 
"play season" for the youngsters of Providence officially 
begins. Greater efficiency of management through the 
centralization of authority and the increase of opportunity 
for the children is the result sought. There have, more- 
over, been added various playgrounds and parks to the 
system. By the bringing together under single control 
of all the playground activities, 22 recreation centres will 
be utilized. Those which are on park reservations will be 
open six days in the week, from 10 o'clock in the morning 
until 5 o'clock in the afternoon. Those established on 
school premises will be operated five days in the week, 
from 1 to 5 p. m. The public baths will be available six 
days in the week, from 1 to 5 p. m. 

Fox Park Dedicated. 
Laporte, Ind. — Fox Memorial Park was dedicated with 
10,000 persons present. The park was given to the city 
by the five sons of Samuel and Fannie Fox, carrying out 
the wishes of the mother. The park is valued at $40,000 
and a natural amphitheatre and small lake are features. 
Mayor Darrow accepted the park for the city, and James 
E. Watson spoke, paying tribute to Mrs. Fox and her 
five sons, and saying that the protest against wealth is not 
a protest against those who obtain wealth honestly and 
use it justly. 

City Employees to March. 
Minneapolis, Minn. — A municipal parade, in which every 
city employee from the sewer digger up to the mayor 
will participate, is planned for August 8 by Alderman 
Chase, chairman of the council committee on public amuse- 
ments and recreation. It is to be a forerunner of the 
annual municipal picnic, the date of which was set for 
August 9, at Antlers Park. Similar showing of the number 
of persons actually employed by a large city have been 
made in several eastern cities. More than 4,000 men are 
expected to participate in the demonstration. The city 
engineers' department alone will furnish 2,300 men, who 
compose its paving and sewer crews, the water depart- 
ment will furnish 400, the health department 100 and the 
other departments will bring the total up to practically 
4,000 men. On August 9 these employees with their fami- 
lies will go to Antlers Park for their annual picnic. County 
employees will be invited. The total attendance is ex- 
pected to reach nearly 10,000. 

Ornament Street With Floral Vases. 

Dayton, O. — Fifty flower vases are being placed along 
South Brown street from Oak street to Irving avenue and 
are to be filled with flowers and ferns. 

The vases will cost, with the flowers, about $650. This 
money was raised by the South Brown Street Improvement 
Association among the residents, property owners and 
business men along the street. The idea is original with 
Albert A. Kramer, the president of the association. He 
exerted his utmost to make the scheme a complete suc- 
cess, and he has achieved a wonderful victory. Through 
his efforts he induced the majority of business houses to 
put out bay trees and flower boxes as well as getting them 
to remove rubbish cans, and other unsightly objects. The 
vases are placed three to a block. It is expected that the 
resident in front of whose place the vase sets shall take 
care of the flowers during the season. Plans are now be- 
ing laid for an endowment fund of $3,000. the interest from 
which will keep tin- vases tilled with flowers during the 


A Summary and Notes of Recent Decisions 
Rulings of Interest to Municipalities 

Increase of Indebtedness Ordinances. 

Egan v. Borough of Claysville et al. — The expression 
of desire by a borough council to increase the indebted- 
ness of the borough may be included in the ordinance 
which provides for the submission of the question to a 
vote of the electors, and does not require a separate or- 
dinance. — Supreme Court of Pennsylvania, 86 A. R. 860. 

Change of Street Grade — Harmless Error. 
Kindred v. City of Philadelphia. — In proceedings to as- 
sess the damages to plaintiff's property from the change 
of a street grade, the erroneous admission of evidence of 
the number of yards of fill required to bring plaintiff's 
land to the level of the newly established grade was harm- 
less, where such evidence was not relied on by subsequent 
witnesses testifying as to the property's depreciation in 
value, and did not influence the verdict. — Supreme Court 
of Pennsylvania, 86 A. R. 873. 

Increase of Indebtedness — Ordinance. 

Storch v. Borough of Lansdowne. — The title of an ordi- 
nance reading "An ordinance for the increase of the in- 
debtedness of the borough * * * in the sum of $75,- 
000, and further providing for a special election to au- 
thorize the same," was sufficiently full and specific, and 
not misleading. — Supreme Court of Pennsylvania, 86 A. 
R. 861. 

Injury to Employee — Contributory Negligence. 
Wise v. City of Philadelphia. — Where an employee of 
a contractor was killed by being struck by a descending 
elevator while repairing an air cushion in the elevator 
shaft in a building owned and controlled by the city, and 
the accident was due to his want of care in exposing him- 
self to a manifest danger and not to any negligence in the 
operation of the car, the city was not liable. — Supreme 
Court of Pennsylvania, 86 A. R. 862. 

City Taxes— Cloud on Title. 
Roe v. Mayor and Aldermen of Jersey City. — Equity will 
not take jurisdiction under a bill to remove a cloud on 
title to determine the validity of city taxes and assess- 
ments nor to enjoin the collection of such taxes. — Court 
of Chancery of New Jersey, 86 A. R. 815. 

City Warrants — Notice of Invalidity. 
Rankin v. City of Chariton et al. — All persons handling 
city warrants were charged with constructive notice of the 
fact that the city issued the warrants in excess of the con- 
stitutional limitation so as to make them void — Supreme 
Court of Iowa, 141 N. W. R. 424. 

Icy Sidewalks — Jury Question. 
City and County of Denver v. Rhodes. — A municipal 
corporation is under a duty to keep its sidewalks in a 
reasonably safe condition and must use increased care 
where unusually dangerous conditions exist. It is usually 
a question for the jury whether a city had notice of the 
unsafe condition of a sidewalk by reason of snow, ice, etc. 
— Court of Appeals of Colorado, 131 P. R. 786. 

Streets — Liability for Injuries — Care Required. 
Nicholson v. Town of Stillwater. — A town is not liable 
for damages for the death of one killed while driving 
over its road unless the commissioner of highways would 
have been liable for negligence because of not foreseeing 
danger of such an accident as happened and guarding 
against it by a barrier or other appropriate means. — Court 
of Appeals of New York. 101 N. E. R. 858. 

July 10, 1913. 




Calendar of Meetings. 

July 15-17. 

— Thirteenth Annual Convention, Saskatoon, 
Bask. W. D. Lighthall, Hon. Secretary-Treas- 
urer, 305 Quebec Bank Bldg.. Montreal, Can- 
July 21-26. 

Annual Convention, Perry. 
July 22-25. 

TIES. Annual Convention, Neenah, WU. 
August 5-8. 

TION. — Annual Convention, Brockton. 
August 19-22. 

Annual Convention, Watertown, N. Y. 
August 25-30. 


ON SCHOOL HYGIENE, Buffalo, N. Y. ,Dr. 

Thomas A. Storry, Secretary General, Col- 
lege of the City of New York. 
August 26-28. 

SOCIATION — Seventeenth Annual Meeting, 

Cedar Point. R. P. Bricker. Secretary. 

Shelby. O. 
September 1-6. 

ENGINEERS. Forty-first Annual Convention, 
Grand Central Palace, New York City. James 
McFall. Secretary, Roanoke, Vi. 
September 9-13. 

TION. — Annual Convention, Colorado Springs, 
Col. — S. M. Gunn, secretary, 755 Boylston 
street, Boston, Mass. 
September 10-12. 

CIATION'. — Annual Convention, Philadelphia. 
Pa. Willard Kent. Secretary, Narragansett 
Pier, R. I. 
September 29-October 4. 

Annual Convention, Detroit, Mich. J. E. 
Pennybacher, Secretary, Washington, D. C. 
October 7-10. 

PROVEMENTS.— Twentieth Annual Meeting, 
Wilmington, Del. — A. Prescott Folwell. Secre- 
tary. 60 Union Square, New York City. 
November 10-15. 

TION.— Meeting St. Louis, Mo. John H. Bank- 
head, president ; J. A. Rountre, secretary, 1021 
Brown-Marx Building. Birmingham, Ala. 
December 9-12. 

TION. — Annual Convention. First Regiment 
Armory, Philadelphia. Pa. E. L. Powers, Sec- 
retary, 150 Nassau street, New York City. 

Union of Canadian Municipalities. 

The official program of the annual 
convention to be held at Saskatoon, 
Sask., July 15-17, is as follows: 
Tuesday, July IS. 

10 a. m. Delegates will register 
name and address. Introductions and 
informal reception. Meeting of the 
Executive, in the Mayor's Chamber. 

2 p. m. Convention opened by the 
President, L. A. Lavallee, Esq., K. C, 
Mayor of Montreal. Address of wel- 
come: His Worship Mayor Harrison, 
oi Saskatoon; reply on behalf of the 
delegates. Presidential address: His 
Worship Mayor Lavallee, of Montreal, 
president of the Union of Canadian 
Municipalities. Report of the Honor- 
ary Secretary-Treasurer: A synopsis of 
the activities of the Union during the 
past year, W. D. Lighthall, Esq., K. 
C, ex-Mayor of Westmount, Que. 
Financial report of the Assistant Sec- 
retary: G. S. Wilson, Esq. Report of 
the Official Organ, "The Canadian 
Municipal Journal," Harry Bragg, Esq., 

M. J. I., Managing Editor. Reports 
from the Affiliated Provincial Munici- 
pal Unions: Union of Manitoba, R. 
Forke, Esq., Hon. Secretary; Union of 
British Columbia, H. Bose, Esq., Hon. 
Secretary; Union of Alberta, G. J. 
Kinnaird, Esq., Secretary; Union of 
Saskatchewan, W. F. Heal, Esq., Sec- 
retary; Union of Nova Scotia, Arthur 
Roberts, Esq., Secretary; Union of 
New Brunswick, J. W. McCready, Esq., 
Secretary. These combined reports 
give a complete review of the work 
accomplished by united action of pub- 
lic spirited men working in the inter- 
ests of the public. Report on Resolu- 
tions passed at last convention, and 
the Special Meeting of the Executive 
at Ottawa. 

Subject to arrangement of time, for 
presentation and discussion. 

1. The Increasing Complexity oi 
Municipal Government, His Worship 
Mayor Hocken, of Toronto. 

2. City Development, His Worship 
Mayor Short, of Edmonton. 

3. Report of the Royal Commission 
of British Columbia on Municipal Gov- 
ernment, His Worship Mayor Gray, of 
New Westminster. 

4. Under-Representation of Cities, 
W. D. Lighthall, Esq., K. C, Hon. 
Secretary, Union of Canadian Munici- 

5. The Wants of Rural Municipali- 
ties, J. N. Bayne, Esq., Deputy Munic- 
ipal Commissioner of Saskatchewan. 

6. City Control of Water Front, His 
Worship Mayor Oliver, of Port Arthur. 

7. Town Planning, C. J. Yorath, 
Esq., City Commissioner of Saskatoon. 

8. The Improvement and Preserva- 
tion of bur Great Inland Waterways, 
T. L. Church, Esq., City Controller of 

9. Municipal Voting, by Wards and 
at Large, His Worship Mayor Graham 
of London. 

The following subjects will be 
brought forward, and presented by a 
leader, and followed by general dis- 

10. Inter-Provincial Highway. 

11. Putting Watered Stock into Pub- 
lic Utility Corporations. 

12. Treatment of Garbage. 

13. Capital Cities in Relation to the 
Federal and Provincial Governments. 

14. Results of Commission Govern- 

15. Municipal Publicity. 

16. Experience of a General Mana- 

17. Highways in Relation to City and 
Rural Municipalities. 

18. Housing Conditions necessary 
for the Prosperity of a City. 

19. Railway Crossings of City 

20. Improved Systems of Water Fil- 
tration and Purification. 

Unfinished business of the conven- 
tion. Election of Officers— takes prec- 

edence the third day of the convention. 
Next place of meeting. Each day. 
convention opens at 10 a. m., 2.30 and 8 
p. in. Each day, Committee on Reso- 
lutions meets at 9.30 a. m., 2 and 7.30 
p. m., and reports to convention al 
each session. Delegates are requested 
to present their resolutions at an early 

City Marshals and Chiefs of Police 
Union of Texas. 

The annual convention was held in 
Waco, Tex., June 24-26. President Hol- 
lis Barron of Waco occupied the chair. 

The general trend of the discussions 
centered around the proposition oi 
maintaining women policemen on the 
forces of the several cities of the state, 
the juvenile courts, laws and regu- 
lations, the whipping post and the 
placing of the police departments, so 
far as selection of men is concerned, 
under civil service regulations with 
pensions for long service. 

Robert Davis, commissioner of fire 
and police of the city of Fort Worth, 
in a short interesting talk, advocated 
the employment of women as police 
officers to the extent of placing one 
or more detectives at the passenger 
stations and one as a matron at every 
city hall in the state of Texas. 

George Smith of Dallas in discuss- 
ing the matter of securing better serv- 
ice in the police departments, went 
on record as favoring the appointment 
of the chief of police of the cities in 
Texas for a term of their natural life, 
that is until they were retired on a 
pension. He stated that this method 
of selecting a chief of police every two 
years was one of the things which was 
affecting the departments of the dif- 
ferent cities. 

O. R. Montgomery, chief of police of 
the city of Fort Worth, discussed at 
some length the matter of juvenile 
laws, regulations, etc., and outlined 
what should be done in this matter. 
Chief Montgomery stated that the ju- 
venile laws of the state of Texas gave 
the county and district judges of Texas 
almost unlimited jurisdiction in the 
matter of youthful offenders against 
the law, but that after they were ap- 
prehended and dealt with by the courts 
there was little to do in most cases 
except to place them in jail with the 
hardened criminals, and that this was 
a little worse than letting them alone. 

He stated that what Texas needed 
was parents who were advocates of 
the adage of Solomon, and who were 
not afraid to correct their children. 
He stated that the reason young boys 
and girls went wrong was because 
they were not treated right at home, 
and stated that if the youngsters were 
given the right training by the parents 
the juvenile court would have to close 

President Barron in his annual ad- 
dress advocated the keeping of records 
of all persons arrested, the date of 
their arrest and the result of their 
trials. Referring to the pistol carry- 
ing habit, he advocated a fine of $200 
for violations of the law. 

One of the most important matters 



Vol. XXXV, No. 2. 

meeting of the peace 
was the proposed 
tion of pool and billiard halls i the 
state, and mi iliis matter the legislative 
committee will urge the govern "i' t'> 
submit to the coming special session of 
the legislature a bill providing for the 
closing of all pool and billiard halls 
in the state at midnight every night and 
forcing them to remained closed until 
6 o'clock a. m.; to close these places 
at midnight Saturday night and have 
them remain closed until o a. m Mon- 
day; to have all screens, etc., which 
obstruct the view of passersby re- 
moved, and to prohibit minors from 
entering these places under any cir- 

Following is the list of officers for 
t he ensuing year: 
1'ri sidenl — \\ . L. enham. 

First ii' W, S. Knight 


nd vice-president — J. E. U hitley 
ol Honej Grove. 

Third vice-president — George A. 
Smith of Dallas. 

Secretary-treasurer — C W Newby of 

■\ orth (elected for life). 
Assistant secretary and treasurer — 
Arthur Forrest of Houston. 

ant-at-arms — O. R. Montgom- 
ery of Fort Worth. 

The incoming president. W. L. Sal- 
mediately after being installed in 
office announced the personnel of the 
following committees: 

Executive — \Y. H. Perrett of Galves- 
ton, A. W. Bond of Rogers, W. T. 
Warren of Bealton, M. T. Sheppard of 
temple, W. F. Sullivan of Caldwell 
and J. B, Anderson of Moody. 

Transportation — R Montgomery 
of Fort Worth, W. H. Perrett of Gal- 
vestion, IJ. S. Davison of Houston, J. 
W. Ryan of Dallas, Hollis Barron of 
Waco, W. S. Knight of Corsicana, Fred 
Lancaster of San Antonio, George A. 
Smith of Dallas, T. J. Coggins of the 
Gulf, Colorado and Santa Fe. Mr. 
Carothers of the International and 
Great Northern, and Mr. Bann of the 
Missouri, Kansas and Texas. 

There was but little fight for the 
next convention, San Antonio was 
unanimously selected 



I he following Mayors have been 
elected: FTorida — Jacksonville, Van C. 
Swearingen; St. Vugustine, Amos W. 
Corbett New Jersey — Bordentown, 
James F. Gilbert, Virginia — Warren- 
ton, LucJen Death, re-elected. New 
York — J. Albert Frost. Lousiana — Lo- 
K. Gibbs. 

Maryland Ml, Kanier, Mayor Ben- 
naman has announced the following 
appointments: Councilman — John 
Cline; Streets and Road- Gilbert 

Buildings — Fred \\ 
Health and Police— W. W. Jam. 
appointments: Councilman John Cline, 

and roads; Gil! 
Buildings; Fred Webber, He. ,1th and 
Police; W. W. James, Fire, 
Light and Licenses. 

Light Standard with Street Sign. 

The Roberts-Perkins Co., Plymouth 
Bldg., Minneapolis. Minn, have placed 
on the market a street lighting stand- 
ard designed by Kees & Colburn which 
msiderable artistic merit. At in- 
tersections this standard carries a box 
sign of attractive appearance as shown 
in the illustration. The sign may be 
illuminated at night if desired. This 
feature effects a considerable economy 
as compared with the use of separate 
posts for street names. 


The construction of the post is 
claimed to save cost in installation be- 
cause of the fact that they are shipped 
practically assembled. The base and 
shaft are in one piece. The top fits 
the post with a sleeve joint. The arms 
are interchangeable and fit into dove- 
tailed sockets. All the parts are made 
of cast iron. The globe holders are 
cast on the arms and provided with set 
screws to hold the globes in place. 

The dimensions of the standards are 
as follows: 

No. 1 Standard 8^-in. diameter, 20x 
20-in. base plate; height to top of 
globe, 13 feet 6 inches. No. 2 Stand- 
ard 6y 2 -in. diameter. 18xl8-in. base 
plate; height to top of globe. 13 feet 
6 inches. 

Hydraulic Gasoline Separator. 
A great deal of time and money was 
expended by the City of New York 
to investigate the unusual number of 
■ xplosions which occurred dur- 
ing the past year. 
As a result of this investigation, it 

i ided that the explosions were 
probably due to a collection of gases 
emanating from the gasoline and oil 
discharged into the sewer lines from 
floor drains and sinks from garages. 

To overcome this condition and pre- 
vent the possibility of a re-occurrence 
of these explosions, and the resultant 
damage to property, the Municipal 
Explosives Commission of the Fire 
Department, on January 3. 1912, adopt- 
ed new Fire Prevention Laws from 
which the following extracts are taken: 
Section 376. No ga- 
rage permit authorizing 
the storage of volatile 
inflammable oil shall be 
issued for any premises 
which are not provided 
with an oil separator 
trap * * * * attached to 
the house drain for the 
purpose of preventing 
volatile inflammable oils 
from flowing into the 

Section 396. Each oil 
separator installed in a 
garage shall be connect- 
ed to the house drain, 
and shall be so arranged 
as to separate all oils 
from the drainage of the 

Section 435. It shall be 
unlawful for any person 
to discharge any vola- 
tile inflammable oil into 
any public drain or sew- 

Section 60. Any per- 
son who violates any of 
the provisions of these 
regulations is guilty of 
a misdemeanor and is 
punishable by imprison- 
ment in a penitentiary 
for not more than one 
year or by a fine of not more than 
$500, or both. 

The Hydraulic Gasoline and Oil 
Separators, made by the Hydraulic 
Oil Storage Co., 90 West street New 
York, after a series of severe service 
tests under the supervision of the Bu- 
reau of Combustibles, were approved 
and certificates of approval were issued 
by the Division of Combustibles of the 
Bureau of Fire Prevention of the New 
York City Fire Department 

The suction separator shown in the 
illustration is particularly suitable for 
installation in garages without base- 
ments and is designed to take care of 
all effluent. The separator tank can 
be of any capacity and is placed in a 
pit under the garage floor. 

The gasoline and oil separated from 
the drainage is automatically collected 
in an oil receiving tank in plain sight 
above the garage floor. This tank is 
equipped with a sight gauge to show, 
at any time, the amount of oil accum- 

July 10, 1913. 

To draw off the accumulated oil it is 
only necessary to lift the lever of the 
special six-way valve and the water, 
entering under the oil, forces it out 
of the top through the delivery pipe. 
This special feature obviates the nec- 
cessity of using a suction pump or 
going into a pit in order to draw off 
the oil. 

By the installation of the suction 
separator the cost is reduced to a min- 
imum, as a pit about 2 ft. 6-in. by 4 ft. 
dug to a depth of about 30 inches be- 
low the level of the sewer line is all 
the excavation necessary. 

The only working part of the suction 
device is the special six-way valve 
which is operated only when it is de- 
sired to draw off the accumulated oil. 

Owing to the elimination of the ac- 
cumulation of explosive vapors in the 
oil reservoir, the separator reduces 
the danger and fire hazard to the very 

Sternberg Power Wagons for Con- 

The illustrations show the two types 
of trucks most commonly used by con- 
tractors — a platform wagon and an end 
dumping truck. These machines were 
made by the Sternberg Mfg. Co., Mil- 
waukee, Wis. The trucks will each 
do the work of from three to four 
teams.Nwill do it easier and better, sav- 
ing not only the large number of 
horses and vehicles which it displaces, 
but the extra drivers and helpers, the 
extra barn room, the extra feed, and 
the extra care and worry. It will serve 
under all conditions, it recognizes no 
"shifts" and will work twenty-four 
hours out of every day if necessary. Tt 
will carry the load up hill and down 
hill without stop, it never gets tired, 
it will respond with the same alacrity 
in the hottest of days, under condi- 
tions where horses are lying down and 
dying by hundreds. 

These trucks which are five tons 
capacity cost a little over $5,000. 

The construction is simple, clean- 
cut and substantial. One is impressed 
by the lack of fantastic or useless ex- 
travagances. It is built for hard, rough 
work, and for long service. 


It is fitted with a powerful type of 
special truck motor, designed with a 
view to good results in strength, 
economy, and sound service. 

It has four cylinders, cast in pairs, 
Ay 2 -m. bore, 654-in. stroke, giving great 
power at slow speed, and consequently 
very economical in operation. 

It is controlled in speed by auto- 
matic governor restricting the speed 
of the truck to ten miles per hour. 

The transmission is of unusual size 




and strength in proportion to the great 
power of the engine. It is of heavy, 
compact, individual clutch type, with 
l{4-in. face gears always in mesh, 
making it impossible to strip gears in 
changing of speeds. 

The frame is pressed steel, with 
solid oak lining, of great resilience, 
and insured against crystallization. The 
steel and oak are bolted together as 
one piece, no rivets are employed, and 
no frame of this make has ever been 
known to become disjointed or give 

The axles are solid 
nickel steel forgings, 
and heat treated, 
provided with large 

taper roller bearings on which ac- 
curate adjustment may be made for 
any possible wear. 

The truck is equipped with a large 
and efficient vertical tube radiator, en- 
cased in a leather lined shell suspended 
on springs, insuring freedom from 
road shocks. 

The motor is claimed to be one of 
the easiest cooled, and best running 
under the most severe conditions of 
hot climates. 

The distribution of load, and trac- 
tion secured, is excellent. In close 
quarters, on account of the construc- 
tion of the truck with the engine under 
the foot boards, it is especially desir- 
able on account of the ease with which 
it is operated. 

The standard equipment is complete 
and in harmony with the high char- 
acter of the truck, only the very best 
material and the highest class of work- 
manship entering into its construction. 
It is fitted with electric side and tail 
lights, Klaxonet electric horn, hub 
odometer, etc., etc. 

Device for Thawing Frozen Fire 

The tremendous loss of property in 
different parts of the country, caused 
by the frozen condition of fire hy- 
drants, is a subject of great concern 
to fire underwriters and property own- 
ers generally. 

The following account of a test, 
therefore, of a patented device for 
rapidly thawina: fire hvdrants in this 
condition should be of interest, especi- 
ally to those responsible for furnish- 
ing a sufficient supply of water for fire 

This test was made on February 
14th of this year in Philadelphia in the 
presence of the Chief of Bureau of 
Fire, Assistant Director of Public 
Works, and other Fire Department 
Officials. Insurance interests were 
also represented. 

We quote from their signed testi- 

Edward A. Waters, Chief Engineer 
of Fire Department, said: "The test 
of the thawing device on the 
14th of February of this year was an 
exceptionally severe one in that the 
hydrant was frozen solid to a point 
some distance below the valve seat. 




Vol. XXXV, No. 2. 


Steam at 110 pounds was turned on 
and in less than two minutes a good 
fire fighting stream was furnished." 

James Reed, Jr.. Assistant Director 
of Public Works, who witnessed the 
test, furnished a similar testimonial. 

Charles A. Hexamer, C. E., a well 
known authority on fire insurance 
matters, said: "Any device which will 
furnish a flow of water from a frozen 
fire hydrant in two minutes will be of 
great value." 

The accompanying cuts readily 
show how the device is operated. One 
cut shows the coil around the hydrant; 
steam hose from the steamer is 
coupled to the intake and live steam is 
rushed through the coil. 

The same application pertains to the 
vertical device. This latter, of course, 
can be manufactured in quantities and 
shipped wherever desired. All it is 
necessary to know is the depth of the 
'frost line and the diameter of the pipe. 

This device is being placed on the 
market by the Industrial Requirements 
Company, 41 South Third street, Phila- 

Corinthian Street Electrolier. 

The Modern Iron Works, Quincy, 
J 11.. make the Corinthian street elec- 
troliers shown in the illustrations. 
These carry three and five lights rc- 
spectively. The five light electrolier 
i- suited t" business streets, whereas 
three lights are generally considered 
ample nee street. In either 

case the upper light may be burned 
;ill night, after the lower lights are ex- 

The description and measurements 
of these electroliers is as follows: 
Square base, ground space, IS by 15 
inches. Column, diameter at base, 10 
inches. Column, diameter at top, 8 
inches. Total height over all, 14 feet 
- inches. Spread of brackets, center to 
center, 39y 2 inch. Globe, upper light, 
16 inches diameter, 8 inch fitter. 



Globes, lower group, 12 inches 
diameter, 6 inch fitter. Shipping 
weight, 5 light post, 950 pounds. Ship- 
ping weight, 3 light post, 890 pounds. 

A system of illumination suggested 
by the company is as follows: A 
cluster of five globes, upper 100 can- 
dlepower: lower. 75; total per post, 400. 
For streets of average width and 
measuring 400 feet per block, five posts 
to the block, both sides of the street, 
one upon each corner, thus ranging 
the posts 100 feet apart, except at the 
intersections, make- an excellent in- 
stallation. The posts should be set on 
concrete foundations. The average 
cost of erecting the posts and doing 
incidental work amounts to about 75c. 
to $1.00 per front foot. On this basis 
the cost of installation is about $2 per 
foot. The cost of current for five 
lights burning from dusk to midnight 
would be about $60. 


Cast Iron Pipe.— Chicago. — Quota- 
tions: 4-inch, $28.50; 6 to 12-inch, 
16-inch and up, $25.50. Bir- 
mingham. A fair number of orders 
for extensions and repairs arc being 
received. Southern producers are ex- 
pecting some export business. Pro- 
duction is light. Quotations: 4-inch, 
$22; 6-inch, $20. San Francisco. Sev- 
eral municipal projects are delayed 
pending the sale of bonds. New York. 
lations: 6-inch, $23 to $24. 
Lead. — With demand light, market is 
firm. Quotations: New York, 4.35c; 
St. Louis, 4.225c. 

Road Machinery. — George F. Ford 
has resigned as president and general 
manager of the Universal Road Ma- 
chinery Company. The board of di- 
rectors, at a meeting held on June 30, 
elected S. H. Chauvenet, president and 
appointed R. E. Leighton, general 
manager, the latter being retained in 
his position as assistant secretary and 
treasurer. It was also decided to trans- 
fer the executive offices to Kingston, 
N. Y., from which place all business 
will be transacted in future. 

Pneumatic Tires. — One of the most 
convincing bits of evidence that motor- 
ists ge'nerally have awakened to a re- 
alization of the fact that inflation is a 
decidedly important element in the gen- 
eral scheme of tire service is the pres- 
ent widespread use of the air pres- 
sure gauge. In this respect campaigns 
of education carried on by tire manu- 
facturers are bearing fruit. Likewise 
experience has been a good, though 
perhaps expensive, teacher. The man 
who pays the bills has found out that 
if he expects his tires to render their 
full measure of efficiency he must keep " 
plenty of air in them. "Beyond ques- 
tion under-inflation is the most per- 
nicious abuse to which tires are sub- 
jected," says J. D. Anderson, General 
Sales Manager of the United States 
Tire Company. "Running tires so soft 
that they will not remain round under 
load paves the way for a large percent- 
age of the injuries which decrease mile- 
age and increase tire maintenance ex- 
pense. It should be understood that 
the sidewalls of a tire are its thinnest 
part and that here most of the bending 
action takes place when the wheel is 
turning. If the tire is not given enough 
air to keep it perfectly round the action 
of the rim on the sidewalls becomes 
violent and in a short time the car- 
cass is broken down. We recommend 
twenty pounds of air to the inch. A 
four-inch tire should be inflated to 80 
pounds, a five-inch tire to 100 pounds, 
and so on through the various sizes. 
It is absolutely impossible to tell 
whether a tire has sufficient air in it 
by any amount of feeling or kicking, 
and here is where many motorists make 
a big mistake. A tire may appear 
round and feel hard when as a matter 
of fact it has only half enough pres- 
sure on the inside. More air pressure 
gauges are being used this season than 
ever before and car owners are certain 
to save a vast amount of good money 
through this channel," 

July 10, 1913. 





To be of value this matter must be printed in the number Immediately folio wine its rscslpt, which makes it impos- 
sible for us to verify It all. Our sources of information are believed to be reliable, but we cannot guarantee the correct- 
ness of all Items. Parties In charge of proposed work are requested to send us Information conesrninc; it as sarly aa 
possible; also correction of any errors discovered. 






. Concrete, 3,280 sq. yds S. W. Eckley, Pres. Bd. 

. jravmg Kinzie Ave p. H. Connolly, C. Eng. 

.Earth road. 11 miles M. F. Brooks, Judge. 

. Gravel. 8,000 lin. ft A. P. Erickson, Co. Aud. 

.Brick, tar macadam, 5,701 sq. yds F. H. Daniels, Vil. Clk. 

. Paving highway c. Sedgwick, Co. Aud. 

. Imp. state road No. 2 E. S. Shepard, Co. Aud. 

.Asphaltic concrete, 2,600 yds L. D. Smoot, Chief Engr. 

. Paving and drainage CM. Kyle, Record. 

. Gravel roads, 20 miles LA. Gueringer, Eng. 

. Granolithic walks J. J. Fitzgerald, Clk. 

. Concrete W. C. Leyse, C Aud. 

. Macadam, 1.57 miles Town Clk. 

.Turnpike, Ms mile J. W. Hunt, Ch. 

. Paving number of streets M. Graham, Boro. Clk. 

.Gravel road, 29.000 ft C. H. Brown, Co. Aud. 

. Gravel road, 5 % miles Co. Comrs. 

. Macadam, 1.75 miles I. A. Kimball, Secy. 

.Granite blocks, 1,400 tons; curbing, 6.S00 feet W. T. Brooks, C. Eng. 

. Pavement, 32,000 sq. yds Bruce & Standevin, Engrs. 

. Imp. Hazelton st- M. D. Starker, Clk. 

. Paving number of streets Bd. of Pub. Wks. 

.Concrete road, 2.91 miles A. P. Erickson, Co. Aud. 

. Waterbound macadam, 4 roads Jas. Wilson, Comr. 

. Paving 10,400 sq. yds C. Council. 

.Surfacing 3 miles road: cost, $4.000 W. S. Kellar, St. Hwy. Engl 

.Concrete pavement, 15,300 sq. yds T. A. Wilson, C. Clk. 

. Paving 1,500 yds J. C. Ederley, Jr., Vil. Clk. 

.Vit. brick, wood, etc J. W. Byers, Vil. Clk. 

. Gravel road C. F. Cromwell, Co. Aud. 

. Paving North Main St F. C. Kiebort, C. Clk. 

.Imp. and draining and paving streets Commissioner Hayden. 

. Four highways G. Griffin, Co. Aud. 

. Vit. brick W. F. Dougherty, Secy. 

. Oiling roads S. Struble, Pres. Comrs. 

.Brick, 5,174 yds.; sheet asphalt, 7,186 E. G. Kowitz, Ch. 

. Road in Van Buren Twnshp E. A. Staggs, Co. Aud. 

. Road N. G. Wallace, Co. Aud. 

. Imp. roads - T. A. Hoffman, Co. Aud. 

.Paving, 150,000 sq. yds Wm. Provost, Jr., Ch. Conn 

.Bit. macadam around Ashokan reservoir J. P. Morrissey, Secy. 

. Cement sidewalks F. Mitchell, Vil. Clk. 

. Macadam roads Jas. Wilson, Hwy. Comr. 

. Concrete base and 2-in. wearing surface, 60,000 sq. yds... F. E. Johnson, Secy. 

. Granolithic sidewalks F. L. Gibboney, C. Eng. 

.Brick, asphaltic concrete, Portland cement, 5,000 sq. yds. A. B. Welch. City Clk. 

.Bit. macadam or brick L. W. School. Twnshp. Clk. 

. Paving and curbing G. W. Allen. Comr. 

. Imp. highways John N. Carlisle, Comr. 

. Broken stone or concrete, bit. surface L. H. Deyo. Vil. Clk. 

. Vit. brick, 9,000 sq. yds W. H. Lucas, Vil. Clk. 


. Disposal plant; cost, $250,000 Bronx Valley Comrs. 

. Vit. pipe, 1,200 ft., 8 to 12-in P. H. Connolly, C. Ens? 

.Sewers R. C. Fraser, C. Clk. 

.Vit. pipe, 2,800 ft W. F. Weary, C. Clk. 

.Sewers F. H. Shoaff, Vil. Clk. 

. Intercepting sewers B. Bradbury, Comr. 

. Intercepting sewer W. C. Leyse, City Aud. 

. District sewer Bd. of Pub. Wks. 

. SuhTT>e--fred concrete nipe. 4.500 ft., etc Passaic Valley Sewage O 

. Extension to pumping station F. S. Shields. 

. Sewage disposal plant J. A. Leyshon. Dir. P. Serv. 

. Sewers. 8-in.. 4 streets F. A. Lee. City Clk. 

. Sewers, 6,500 ft. 9 to 12-in Edwin Main, C. E. 

. Vit. pipe. 1.700 ft. 12 to 20-in * L. Hillis, C. Eng. 

. Sewers, 50.000 ft M. H. Baker, C. Engr. 

. Disposal works Vil. Engr. 

. Sewer system, cost $80,000 Geo. Higgins. Engr. 

. Combined sewer; cost, $32.000 »' R. Heck. Clk. B. P. W. 

. Sewers, paving, etc "•"'"'' »Tid Council. 

.Sanitary sewer. 1,600 ft A. W. Gillette. C. Clk. 

. Sewers; cost, $60,000 T. C. Hatton, Engr. 

. Sewer treatment plant Bronx Valley Comm. 

.Vitrified pipe and disposal plant; cost, $20,000 W. A. Fuller. C. Eng. 

. ?ewer G. S. Siefers, Boro. Eng. 

'. Extending drainage pumping station F. H. Shields, Secy. 

.Underground conduit, gates, etc F. S. Shields, Secy. 

.Sections 6 & 19, main intercepting sewer Passaic Val. Sew. Comrs. 

111., Peoria July 13 . 

Wis., Racine July 13. 

Ala., Brewton noon, July 14. 

Minn., Minneapolis. . .11 a.m., July 14. 

O., Greenwich July 14. 

Ind., South Bend 11 a.m., July 14. 

--inn., Amiret July 14 . 

Fla.. Jacksonville 3 p.m., July 14 

W. Va.. Welch July 14. 

Tex., Victoria 10 a.m., July 14. 

Conn., Waterbury . .7.45 p.m., July 14. 
N. D., Sioux Falls.... 9 a.m., July 14. 
N. Y., N. Tarrytown..3 p.m., July 15. 

Ky., Winchester noon, July 15. 

Pa., Wllderming 8 p.m., July 15. 

Ind., Ft. Wayne ... .10 a.m., July 15. 
Ind., Fort Wayne... 10 a.m., July 15. 

Pa., Nottingham 6 p.m., July 15. 

Va., Norfolk 1 p.m. July 15. 

Neb., David City July 15. 

N. J., Ridgefield Park July 15. 

N. Y., Niagara Falls July 15. 

Minn., Minneapolis. . .10 a.m., July 15. 

Del., Wilmington noon, July 15. 

Neb., Grand Island.... 8 p.m. July 16. 

Ala., Elba July 16. 

la., Clarinda 7.30 p.m., July 15. 

N. Y., Whitesboro .. .8 p.m., July 16. 

O., London July 16 . 

Ind., Frankfort 2 p.m., July 16. 

Pa., Meadville 8 p.m., July 16. 

Wash., Spokane July 17. 

Ind., Noblesville 10 a.m.. Julyl7 

Pa., Exeter 6 p.m., July 17. 

O.. Cincinnati noon, July 18. 

Wis., Sparta July 18 . 

Ind., Brazil 11.30 a.m., July 19. 

Ind.. Terre Haute.... 11 a.m., July 19. 

Minn.. Hastings 11 a.m., July 21. 

Pa., Chester 8 p.m., July 21. 

N. Y., New York.... 11 a.m., July 22. 

O., Rocky River July 22. 

Del.. Wilmington noon, July 22. 

N. Y.. Schenectady. .2.30 p.m., July 23. 

Va., Roanoke noon. July 24. 

la., Bloomfleld July 24. 

O., Petersburg 1 p.m.. July 25. 

Pa.. Media noon, July 28. 

N. Y., Albany 2 p.m., July 28. 

O., Wauseon noon, July 31. 

O., Cadiz noon, Aug. 6. 

N. Y.. White Plains July 12. 

Wis. Racine 10 a.m.. July 13. 

Minn., International Falls... July 14. 

la., Sac City July 14 

O. Euclid Noon, Juiyl4 

Me.. Portland Noon, July 14 

N. D.. Sioux Falls 9 a.m., July 14. 

Ind.. Logansport 10 a.m. July 15 

N. J.. Newark 2 p.m., July 15. 

La., New Orleans July 15 

O., Cambridge July 15 

la., Waverly 5 p.m., July 15. 

111., Rockford 1.30 p.m., July 15 

Wis., Marinette July 15 , 

Canada. Prince Albert July 16 

Minn., Chisholm Julv 16, 

N. Y.. Eastwood July 17 

Ind.. Marion 9.30 a.m., Julv 18 

Fla., Dunnellon July 21 

la., Cresco 8 p.m., July 21 

Md.. Pocomoke Citv July 21, 

N. Y.. White Plains.. 2 p.m., July 21 

Mo., Webster Groves July 21, 

Pa., North Braddock..3 p.m., July 21 

La., New Orleans July 28. 

La., New Orleans July 28 

N. J., Newark 2 p.m., July 29 



Vol. XXXV. No. 2. 




Ml., Mo 

111., 1. ily 14. 

Homer ily 15. 

Sacramento. .11.30 a.m. July 15. 

' ;.i . Roj .-inn 

I't Worth 9 a.m., July 16 

ii, Freemont noon, July 16. 

I >. <•.. Washington. .. .2 p.m., July 16. 

Minn.. Duluth noon, July 16. 

N. r., White Plal ' ily 16. 

.Minn.. Duluth noon, July 17. 

Neb., Lyons 10 a.m., July 17. 

111. Grays Lake 8 p.m.. July 18. 

Cat., Rurlingame 8 p.m., July 21 

July 21 . 

N. V. New York.... 11 a.m.. July 22. 

icky River i 

Tenn., Nashville. - I ily 24. 

Okla.. Oklahoma City July 25. 

O., Bezley i 

Ington ... 1 1 a.m., Aui 

Sask., Regina Noon, July 12 

N. Y.. Syracuse 3 p.m.. Julv 14. 

.Miss, Biloxi July 16. 

Mu.. Albany July 15. 

N. P. Mayvllle 10 a.m.. July 15. 

Neb.. Grand Island July 16. 

N. Y.. Binghamton 4 p.m.. Julv 16. 

Canada. Saskatoon ....noon. Julv 21. 

N. Y. Schenectady. .2.30 p.m., Julv 30. 

O., Akron noon, July 15. 

Pa., Wllllamsport. . . .5 p.m., July 15. 

Pa.. Wilkes Barre July 18. 

Canada. Saskatoon noun, July 31. 

N. T.. Orangetown. . . .10 a.m., Julv 12. 

O.. Canton Julv 14. 

Can., Regina 4.30 p.m.. July 15. 

Del., Wilmington Noon, July 15. 

Ga., Macon 9 a.m. July 15 . 

Wis.. Janesville July 15 , 

la.. Charles City noon, July 16. 

Ind., Marion 2 p.m.. July 17. 

O., Cincinnati noon, Julv 18. 

Pa.. Mauch Chunk... 10 a.m., July 18. 

O.. Akron noon. July 18. 

Minn.. Winona 8 p.m., July 21. 

O., Elyria Noon. Jul v 24 . 

O., Toledo 10 a.m.. Julv 25. 

O., Toledo 10 a.m.. July 2:i . 

O.. Akron noon, July 31 . 

•innati noon. Julv 14 

N. Y.. New York 11 a.m.. Julv 15. 

Conn.. Hartford 11 a. m. Julv 15. 

X Y , New York Julv 22 . 

N Y. Schenectady. .2.30 p.m.. Julv 23 

La.. New Orleans noon. Julv 28. 

N D.. Rismarek 2 p.m. Aue. 9. 

Ga.. Fitzgerald noon. A 


. Well and mams A. s. Albers, Vil. Clk. 

. Water mains, etc E. S. Burling, Pres. 

J. L. Blanchard, VII. Clk. 

ted concrete , nles Comrs. 

. Turbine pumping outfit, 450 HP M. J. Desmond, C. Clk. 

. Addition to wi C. G. Vangen, City Aud. 

.Water work le capacity C. B. Wellborn, Mi 

. Constrn. West Fork dam M. P. Harwood, Jr., Secy. 

.Steel watei mains, it."'"' lin. it H. M. Baker, c. Eng. 

. Water meters Clk. 

. Cast-iron pipe, 2,370 tons Dist. Comrs. 

. Concrete reservoir C. S. Palmer, C. Clk. 

• Current meter. 10-ln Comrs. 

.Electrically driven pumping machinery L. Merritt, Comr. 

. Standpipe, cast-Iron pipe, etc . J. F. Piper, Chr. Trustees. 

. Tubular well G. G. White, Clk. 

. Distribution system Bd. of Trustees. 

. Water works and sewerage system W. F. Clemens, Secy. 

. Bronze gate valves, etc Bd. of Water Supply. 

. Laying mains F. Mitchell. VIL Clk. 

, >. . u - Eng. 

. Pumping plant, etc.. at U. S. P. O Superv. Arch. 

. C.-i. pipe, 8 miles 6 to 10-in.; valves, hydrants, meters, &c. A. K. Kimberly, Engr. 
.Water j , 1 1 . - - near Oakland, Cal Navy Dept. 


.Two motor driven centrifugal pumps City Comrs. 

. Lighting fair grounds ._ Fair Commission. 

. Lighting city 1'ascal Meaut, Ch. Light. Com. 

.Electric light improvements: cost, $19,000 C. E. Gibboney, Clk. 

.Equipping electric light plant C. J. Van Gen, C. Aud. 

. Cable and 131 poles -' I lowner, Eng. 

.Municipal electric lighting plant F. M Hopkins. City Clk. 

. Ornamental lighting posts. 60 F. E. Harrison, Mayor. 

. Electric work, etc., for comfort station F. E. Johnson, Secy. 


. Auto supply wagon D. P. Stein, Dir. 

. Fire hose, 1,500 ft. 2%-in M. J. Winters, Ch. Comm. 

.Motor propelled steam engine or motor comb, engine.... J. G. Rchuler. Chf. 

. Motor service truck F. E. Harrison, Mayor. 


. Concrete bridge H. T. Essex, Twn. Clk. 

. Two bridges O. H. Hall. 

. Concrete bridge A. J. McPherson. Ch. 

. Concrete bridge. 2.500 cu. yds B. F. Groves, Pres. Court 

. Four concrete bridges. 100 ft. long J. R. Bowdre. Co. Clk. 

.Two reinforced concrete bridges J. A. Father. Ch. Bd. Pub. V. 

■ Bridges and culverts; cost, $9,500 H. B. Rosenkrans. Co. Aud. 

. Number of bridges E. H. Kimball. Co. Aud. 

. Bridges S. Struble. Pres. Comrs. 

. Concrete bridge J. A. Durling. Clk. 

. Concrete bridges C. L. Bauer. Co. Aud. 

. Concrete bridge, 35 ft. span, 20 ft. wide G. W. Hoffman, C. Recorder. 

. Concrete bridge G. H. Lewis. Dir. P. S. 

Culverts C. J. Sanzenbacher, Co Aud. 

. Bridge over creek C. J. Sanzenbacher. Auditor. 

. Concrete bridge C. L. Bauer, Co. Aud. 


Automobile. 4-passenzer V. T. Price. Dir. 

Gasoline motor trucks P. Jones Supt. School Supplies 

. Pub. comfort station Bd. of C. & S. 

. Broadwav subwav. 14th to 26th St Pub Serv. Comm. 

.Three school buildings F. E. Johnson, Secy. 

ntr crane F. S. Shields. Secv. 

. Automobile taars. 15.000 T. Hall. Sec. State. 

. Jail cells, two w. P.. Walker. Ch. 


••nilxilni. \i«. — By decision of Supreme 
Court go md Issue of • 

in Marshall county is held 

Phornlx. Vrli. — City Engineer has 
presented plans and specifications for 
pavement on West Jefferson st. and on 
Second. Third. Fourth. Fifili a?, 
aves. between Washington and Jefferson 
sts., to council, which have been 

immendation of s 
tendent Av< • > Thor 

Los Gatoa, Cal. — i 

whlcb town has author- 
ised Issue of bonds lo amounl 
itch will cover 10 pei 
oosl of work, have been adopted bj 

Hoar. I ..l Town Tim-; 

foi work. 
r i-.'i.i.-iin. <nl. — Millard ave will be 

Plaaada, " bL — I 

aured that 

throuKh Plan 


I'.. Ml, ,|tll. I 1,1. 

ed for voting on $7.".""" 
Improving five main 

Redwood City. Cnl. — Redwood city 
; trade has started movement to 
load from San Francisco and 
peninsula to Big Basin. 

Snornnivnlo. Cnl. — Petition is being 
circulated asking Supervisors to pre- 
issue for | 
.airing, building and improving 
Sacramento county roads. 

San Fernando, Cal. — One rri ire high- 
way is to be built in San Fernando val- 
ley. When completed valley will have 
boulevard system of any 
section in Southern California. 

St. Vimuotlm-. Fin. — Resolutions have 
dopted providing f< 

#7". in warrants to be expended in 

road and bridge work which practically 
hard surfacing of John Ander- 
son boulevard to north county line and 
also H. ,.i as well as 

Hon of several concrete bridges 

St. \iiuiiKtim-. Kin. — Specifications will 
be drawn for shell paving on both Jack- 
sonville gs roads and later. 
if sufficient are i va liable, it is 
to pave with 8 ft. of brick and 
shell on each side one mile of 
lilie highway up Durbln Hill. 
• lies on highway. 

Wallace, Idaho. — At meeting of Citv 
Council it was decided to pave Sixth st. 
from Cedar st. to bridge over South 
Fork, opposite Northern Pacific depot, 
distance of about two blocks. Ordinance 
calls for paving at cost of not to exceed 
$1.70 per yd. 

Indianapolis. Ind. — Board of Public 
Works has ordered City Engineer 
Klausman to prepare plans and specifi- 
er paving Bancroft ave.. from 
New York to Michigan sts. and Ohmer 

Indianapolis, Ind. — Resolution has 

pted for paving of English ave. 

lliirllncton. In. — City Council has 

adopted resolutions ordering Seventh 
and Cedar sts. paved. 

Leavenworth, Knn. — Resolutions have 
iced on their first reading for 
ng and paving and curbing of 
Pennsylvania from Shoemaker to Fifth 
ave : Kim from Second ave. to Fourth: 
Maple ave. from Thornton to Santa Fe. 
and Thornton from Fifth ave. to Maple 
regrading and pavin<- of Sixth 
Kiowa to Miami: Congress from 
jve. to Third ave., and Seneca 
from Seventh to Bmadwav. Also to re- 
ive and curb Chestnut from Sec- 
ond to Fourth and an ordinance to re- 
nd pave Olive from Second to 

July 10, 1913. 



Louisville, Ky. — Improvements are 
planned for various streets. 

Jiew Albany, Ky. — Board of County 
Commissioners has sold to J. F. Wild & 
Co., of Indianapolis, $27,200 4% per cent, 
macadamized roads bonds. 

Elton, La. — Concrete sidewalks, :i 
light and water plant are among pos- 
sibilities for Elton. 

Lake Charles, La. — Police Jury has 
passed resolution calling special elec- 
tion to be held Aug. 19 to vote on $900.- 
000 bond issue to raise money for build- 
ing good roads. 

Baltimore, Mil. — Ordinances authoriz- 
ing opening of new thoroughfare in 
Woodberry and an avenue, to be known 
as Monastery ave.. in West Baltimore, 
have been approved. 

New Bedford, Haas. — Both Purchase 
St., from Union to Elm St., and Union st. 
from Purchase to Sixth st. have been 
ordered widened by City Council. 

Hancock. Mich. — The Keweenaw Coun- 
ty road commission is planning num- 
ber of extensive improvements on the 
road in Keweenaw County, Plan of 
commission is to build roads after speci- 
fications sent out by state. 

Kalkaska, Mich. — There is some like- 
lihood that proposed Chicago-to-Macki- 
naw road will be routed through Kal- 
kaska county. 

Duluth, Minn Estimates of cost of 

paving Grand ave., from Vernon St. to 
Fifty-fourth ave. west and West Su- 
perior St., Jenswold st. and Oneota St., 
from Twenty-fifth ave. west, have been 
prepared by engineering department for 
Commissioner Murchison. of works di- 
vision. Estimates are both brick and 
sandstone laid on concrete base for full 

Minneapolis. Minn. — Final approval of 
plans for concrete road from Wa^zata 
to Mlnnetonka Beach, distance of three 
miles, and known as North Shore road, 
has been given by state highway com- 
mission and way is clear for actual work 
on highway. Commission has approved 
plans for roads in Beltrami, Carlton and 
Olmstead Counties. These aggregate 89 
miles in length and will cost $151,578. 

St. Paul. Minn. — State Highway Com- 
mission has given its approval for con- 
struction of 89 miles of roads in Belt- 
raml, Carlton and Olmsted Counties. 
Cost of improvement will be $151,578 
and approval of highway commission 
carries with it assurance that half ex- 
penses will be paid by state. These 
roads will be part of state road system. 
Final approval has been made of three 
>f concrete road in Hennepin 

St. Paul, Minn. — State Highway Com- 
mission has sent to Auditor Nelson, of 
Washington County plans and specifica- 
tions for concrete highway through 
Forest Lake and Oneka, and matter will 
-idered at Washington County 
Board meeting July 13. This is part of 
proposed Twin Cities-Duluth highway. 
As estimated, cost is $11,000 a mile for 
concrete there is some sentiment in 
county against building with that ma- 

liutte. Mont. — Bids will be readver- 
tised for paving of West Park st. 

David City, Xeb. — David City is ask- 
ds on asphalt and brick work 
that will cost that city about $75,000, 
and Grand Island is also advertising toj 
bids on vertical fiber pavement that will 
run close to $80,000 in cost. 

Manchester, X. H. — Board has passed 
resolutions recommending to Common 
Council appropriation of $100,000 for 
building streets and sewers, amount to 
be expended $60,000 for new streets and 
$40,000 for new sewers. 

"Jew llrunswick, >". J. — Declaring that 
bids which they received for improve- 
ments to Woodbridge-Carteret road were 
Irregular. Board of Freeholders have 
passed resolution rejecting all of them. 

Xevr Brunswick, X. J. — Plans have 
been approved by Freeholders for im- 
provement of Roosevelt-Woodbridge rd. 

Mlrkleton. X. J. — Board of Freeholders 
of Gloucester County has advertised 
for bids for building of road between 
Mickelton and Swedesboro. unfinished 
part of road leading from Camden to 

South Orance, X. J Ordinance has 

been adopted for grading and macadam- 
izing of Hilton ave. E. R. Arcularius, 
Township Clerk. 

Hinulwuiiton. X. V. — Bids will be ad- 
vertised for various street improve- 

Brooklyn, X. Y. — Bids have been re- 
jected for paving of Shell road. 

Xew York City, X. Y. — Bids for repay- 
ing Fifth ave., from Washington sq. to 
42d st.. with sheet asphalt on 6-in. con- 
crete foundation will be advertised this 

week by Borough President MeAneny. 
Work will be divided into three con- 
tracts, one for section from square to 
23d St.. one from 23d to 34th St., and one 
from 34th to 42d st. 

Xiagara Fails. X. Y. — Common Coun- 
cil has approved of $100,000 worth of 
new pavements, as follows: North ave. 
from Main to Lockport sts., $47,250; Six- 
teenth St. from Ontario ave. to Linwood 
ave., $23,000; Robinson court from Por- 
tage road to Fourteenth st; Weston ave. 
from Fifteenth to Twenty-second sts., 
$19,100; allev between Third and Fourth 
sts.. from Niagara to Main sts., $9.0S0. 
and Twenty-fifth st.. from Ferry to Pine 
aves., on which no estimate has yet 
been made. 

Rochester, X. Y. — Plans have been 
taken up for construction of street par- 
allel to Main from South ave. to East 

Saranae Lake, X. Y. — A petition ten ft. 
long has been presented to Board of Vil- 
lage Trustees. The petitioners asked 
trustees to lay out street over route of 
what "was formerly known as Terrace St. 

Schenectady, X. Y. — Ordinance has 
been adopted for grading, curbing and 
paving of Monroe st. Frank Cooper is 
Corporation Counsel. 

White Plains. X. Y. — The Highway 
Department has taken up for immediate 
repair following highways in West- 
chester county: Pleasantville-Pocantico 
Hills highway No. 520: McKeels Corners- 
Briar Cliff highway No. 53: Briar Cliff- 
Echo Lake highway No. 54: Mt. Kisco- 
Millwood highway No. 587: Ossining- 
Kitchewan highway No. 768; Kitche- 
wan-Croton Lake highway No. 405: Echo 
Lake-Pine's Bridge highway X... 143. 
Approximately 23 miles in all. 

Raleigh, X. C. — Petition has been re- 
ceived from citizens of South West St. 
asking that section of this street be 
graded and curbed. 

Bnrberton. O. — Ordinance to issue 
bonds in sum of $5,400 for purpose of 
paving and grading Newell sts. has 
been passed. 

Cincinnati. O. — County Commissioners 
^proved plans for improvement 
of Campbell road at cost of $14,338. Im- 
provement was ordered advertised for 
bids. Improvement will extend from 
State Line road to 1,300 ft. west of Kirby 

Dayton, O. — Finance Committee will 
advise that bonds in sum of $8,200 be 
issued for paving of intersection at Irv- 
Ing ave and East First st. 

stcuhenville, O. — Commissioners of 
Irondale and Yellow creek pike have 
submitted their report of probable cost 
of 9 l-io miles of pike, most of wuich 
will be paved, to be $120,000. 

Toledo. O. — Bids will he received at the 
office of the City Auditor. Toledo. O., 
until 7:30 p. m. Wednesday. Julv 30. 1913. 
for the purchase of $130,633 City of To- 
ledo. 4%% Street Improvement Bonds. 

Toledo. O. — Council has passed ordi- 
nance providing for bond issue of $98.- 
ono at 4 , 2 '. to pay city's share for eli- 
mination of Lake Shore crossing at East 

Klamath Falls. Ore.— Considerable 
road work will he done in Klamath 
county this summer. Among chief im- 
provements will be building of lake 
shore road for several miles along east 
side of Upper Klamath Lake. 

Erie, Pa. — Resolutions have been 
adopted for various street improve- 

Franklin. Pa. — At special meeting se- 
lect council passed ordinance providing 
for repaying of Liberty st. between 
Moffet's alley and 15th st. 

Scrnnton. Pa. — Under provisions of 
new roads bill presented by Representa- 
tive Jones, of Susquehanna, and passed 
at s-ssion of General Assembly just con- 
cluded, about 1.000 miles of new roads 
will be built in state. Almost every 
county in state is touched by provisions 
of bill and 78 routes are laid out. 

York. Pa. — About 73 miles of new 
state highways for York county are 
provided in reeept highway construction 
hill which now awaits signature of 
Governor Tener. There are four differ- 
ent routes for York county. Longest of 
these new highways will be known as 
route No. 333 and will extend from New 
Cumberland through Yocumtown. New- 
berrvtown. Strinestown and Zions View, 
intersecting present route No. 250 at toll 
_:i. beyond North York. 

Woonsocket. R. I. — Improving of Har- 
ris ave. is being considered. 

Knoxville. Tenn. — Specifications and 
profiles for construction of road from 
Rutledge pike to Mascot and MeBee 
ferry will be made next week by Edward 
T. Gorham, County Engineer. 

Marry, Tes. — Proposition to issue 
bonds to amount of $75,000 for good 
roads has been carried by vote of 177 to 
85 in election. Funds will be used on 
highways for good roads district No. ::. 

Corpus < hristi, Tex. — City Council has 
ordered paving of Leopard St. 

Dallas, Tex — Extension of Preston st. 
has been petitioned for. 

Pilot Point, Tex. — City Council is mak- 
ing preparations to begin paving public 
square and work will be rushed to com- 
pletion as quickly as poss 

Wichita Falls, Tex. — City Council has 
ordered paving of Tenth St., this city's 
principal residence thoroughfare, for 
distance of about two miles. Asphalt or 
wooden blocks will be used. Over 75 
per cent, of property owners have peti- 
tioned for paving. 

l>ri«Uam City, Utah. — City Council is 
considering additional paving petitions 
presented by W. V. Call, representing 
six blocks in Fourth Ward. This makes 
total of 36 blocks of additional paving 
asked for by citv. 

Salt Lake City. Utah. — Commissioners 
of Salt Lake county have decided to 
call bond election for issuance of bonds 
to improve roads of Salt Lake county. 

Jonesville, Va. — In road bond election 
held for two districts of Lee County, 
election was carried for $76,000 addi- 
tional bonds for Rose Hill District, which 
gave majority of 90 in favor of issue, 
and Rocky Station District, which gave 
majority of 17. 

Norfolk, Ya. — Extension of Olvey road 
is being considered. 

Pulaski, Va. — Representatives from 
State Highway Commission are at work 
making surveys of roads in Dublin 
magisterial district of Pulaski County 
in preliminary arrangement for begin- 
ning of permanent improvements of 

Spokane, Wash. — Petition for improve- 
ment of Normal road, which commences 
at junction of Sunset boulevard and 
Hayford road, has been filed with Board 
of County Commissioners, asking that 
6.68 miles of highway be improved at 
the county's expense Highway is be- 
ing standard graded by township au- 
thorities and county board will pass 
preliminary resolution authorizing sur- 
facing of highway. 

Spokane, Wash — City Council has ap- 
proved plan of Commissioner Hayden for 
resurfacing Post st. hill, on north side. 

Madison, YY'is. — Finance Committee has 
recommended to Assembly appropria- 
tion of $1,200,000 annually for next two 
years for state highway department to 
assist in building of roads. 

Superior, Wis. — Work on paving of 
Baxter ave., between North Third St. 
and North Twenty-first St. will be start- 
ed within a few days. 


Arnheim, Cal. — For paving with as- 
phalt Los Angeles st. to Los Angeles 
Paving Co., at 13.99 cts. per sq. ft., or 
total of about $50,000. 

Look Beaeh, Cal. — Supervisor William 
E. Hinshaw has stated that Board of 
Supervisors has awarded to Benson & 
Son. former Long Beach residents, con- 
tract to construct three-mile concrete 
boulevard, extending from Orange coun- 
ty line, at Bay City, through Naples to 
Long Beach citv limits on Livingstone 
drive, just south of east end of Broad- 
way, and thence along Livingstone drive 
to intersection of Miramar and Ocean 

Oakland, Cal For straightening of 

D.eath Curve to Ransome Crummey Co. 
at $7S,691.40 for 5-inch asphaltic mac- 

Sacramento, Cal. — Bids have been 
opened bv State Highway Commission 
for six links in State highway system 
to be constructed under $18,000,000 bond 
issue, and awards will be made later for 
XT 1 ., miles of road construction, costing 
$265,394.15. Commission took figures 
under consideration, after having com- 
puted totals showing lowest bidders, 
and announced that its decision would 
be made after thoroughly comparing 
bids with estimates. Following are bids 
received: El Dorado County — State high- 
way between Shingle Springs and El 
Dorado, 5 miles, water-bound macadam; 
Arthur S. Lyons and Ira N. Burke, 
Smith's Flat, lowest bidder. $31,786.90; 
engineer's estimate, $19,372.33. San Ma- 
teo County — Grading 2-mile strip be- 
tween Cvpress Lawn Cemetery and South 
San Francisco, lowest bid Mahoney Bros., 
San Francisco, $17,412.05; engineer's es- 
timate. S25.2S9.77. Santa Clara County — 
Constructing road between Morganhijl 



Vol. XXXV. No. 2. 

ami Qllri 

II Sta- 

ita, 6V4 


te, $46.- 

Btructl f highway between the west- 

• I lllll- 

miles; Ben- 
ion & Pennebaker, Los Angeles, lowest 

i ■■<> in. 'i- yds- 

dolarway pavement to Dolarway Paving 
.field, ill. 

Davenport, la. r ■ . sq. yds. of 

dolarway pavement to McCarthy Co. of 


1 liurlolli-. HlCh. 

one mile on I " tOWH- 

shlp to Claud, Dimondale at 

H ,i i. Mo.— For 1,750 sq. yds. 

dolarwaj pavement to M. S. Bowlln, Tip- 

Webater «.r..»c. Mo.— For 1.100 sq. yds. 
dolarway pavement to At £.. Bowlin, Tip- 
ton. Ind. 

Hilling-. Mont. County Commissioners 
have let contract tor grading and finish- 
ing about 10 miles of road mar that 
town to B. R. Davis and A. 1* Clark for 
$130 per mile. 

Newark, n. J. — For paving with bitu- 
Uthic S. 20th st. by Board of Works to 
d Bitulithic Co. at $23,161. 

llllltllMiiilo". V If. djourned 

oard of Contract and Sup- 
ply several paving contracts were let. 
i for concrete pavement on Cen- 
ter st was awarded to Takacb & Chappel 
at $1.49 per sq. yd. This is a pavement 
similar to that plaoed on Henry and 
upper Water sts. Contract Cor paving 

•. arded to A. D. Osborne. Bing- 
h am ton paving brick to he used, at cost 
of $1.84 per sq. yd. This is marked re- 
duction over brick pave- 
ments, and is due to fact (hat 
freight, which is largest item in pur- 
chases of brick, is saved, material being 
manufactured in this city. A i 
was awarded to A. D. Osborne to pave 
siatc st. from Henry st. to Eldredge 
niton brick. 
Buffalo, V Y. — By commissioner of 
Public Works, contracts I 

ick Asphalt & Ce- 
ment Co., Ltd. sphalt, $30,225; 
Merrlmac st . $24,560; Huhland 
ave., asphalt ' ' ter ave„ as- 
phalt. $11.11": Military road, asphalt, $7.- 
516, and Jackson st . asphalt, $6,210. Erie 
n ille ave.. brick, $10.- 

Oawegro, N. Y. — For paving E. Bridge 
St. to John Hendrick at about $14,000. 
Mmiiliin. N. n. Contract for oavlng 
tions of busi- 
ness portion of Mandan have been let 
Bid ac- 
cepted was for bitulithic paving. 
KuKrni-. Ore.— Paving 1 

on Spring blvd. 

e & Henry Construction I 

t-in. base with 1-in. binder and a l 1 .- 

in. surfacing, at I 1 ire yard; 

t ween Fourth 

and Sixth jits to Clarke-Henry Con- 

5-ln. cement base. 

with a 2-in. wearing surface, at $1.53 a 

sq. yd.: two blocks on Oak st. from Fifth 

nth to the Warren Construction 

Co.. for a l-ln. base with a 2-in. wearing 

. at per yard. 

I'»r,-.| l.roie. Ore. For paving eight 

■ v.- to Linden Kihl.e 
Portland, at $30,000. 
Erie. Va. — For paving towel 

with asph; LI Olid Bt to 

| | Te per 

ir, on Fifth to 

a. at $1.55 per 

riici.uruh. I'ii. — l: 1 icpartment of 
Works for : Forbes 

block stone to Booth & Fllnn at 

Scrantoa, Pa .nstruc- 

Oevmopolls, \\n-i. 

Spokane, v\ ,,«i. ,,1.,1 |n 

bid when ■ 

Oranl st to i nl ave. bridge. 

r's estimate heltm $0,600. Low 

bidder's proposal was $6,400 and other 
Hows: Inland Em- 
Co., $7,365; Wash- 
,438; Mltchel 
,,.• bid was received 
on grading, curbing, parking and side- 
walking 01 ■> ivision to Al- 
tai, ti, st . , : timated at $860. Th 

i to do 
work for $780. 

Spokane, \\ii»h. By City Council, con- 
with planks 
and Grant St. t" west Olive bridge to A. 
Wold, low bidder, at $6,400; also for 
irradlng York ave. to C. M. Payne, at 

Superior, \\tn. — By Board of Public 
Works, contract for grading Lackawanna 
ave from 21st st. to 23d St.. to Peterson 
& Holm, whose bid of $597 was lowest. 

Superior, Win. — Contract for i 
culvert and fill over Newton Creek at 
Ixtn st.. Fast End. has been 
awarded to E. Hawarden on his bid of 


Long Beach, Cnl. — At meeting of City 

Council it was decided to hold $375,000 

municipal bond .lection July 30. Ordi- 

tion was passed by 

LOUS vote. Money from sale of 

,11 be used for construction of 

outfall sewer system, and building of 

incinerator plant, latter to cost $35,000 

and former $340,000. 

Snn Jose, Cnl. — Construction of large 
number of sewers is being planned. 

Newark, Del. — Bids for proposed sys- 
tem of sewers and disposal plant at 
Newark have been opened by Sewer 
Commission. Bids for disposal plant 
follow: L. B. Jacobs. Newark, $12,380; 
M. and T. E Farra, West Chester, Pa.. 
$15,574; Kellv-McFeelev Co.. Camden. N. 
J., $10.750.S2. and the New York Sewage 
Disposal Co.. of New York City. $13.43S. 
Kellogg. Idaho. — Ordinance to place 
$30,000 sewer bonds on market has been 
passed bv City Council. 

De Witt, la. — Election will be held 
July 9 for voting on bond issue ol 
onstruction of sewers. 
Waterloo, la. — Voters of sewer dis- 
trict No. 2. comprising First and Second 
of city of Waterloo, will be privi- 
vote in special election to be 
held July 14 to approve or reject propo- 
sition to construct extension of Dry Run 
sewer. It has been estimated by City 
Enelneer that cost of such extension 
will approximate $28,860. 

Shreveport. Ln. — Movement has been 
inaugurated by City Commissioners for 
elaborate extension of sanitary sewer- 
,■_, -vstem to serve all southern and 
western sections, work to cost probably 
City Engineer Wilson has been 
instructed to prepare plans. 

Gardiner, Me. — It has been voted to 
have citv engineer make plans and spec- 
- and call for bids for con- 
struction of 650 feet of sewer on Water 
imencing at Oak st 
rnvnnn, Minn. — Sewer bonds in sum or 
have been carried by ma- 

MnnrheMter. N. H. — Board has passed 
resolution recommending to Common 
Council appropriation of $100,000 for 
s, wers and construction of streets. 

Trentnn. N. .1. — Ordinance has been 
i.asscd providing for construction of 
Drain No. no. 

Belleville, N. Y'. — Ordinance has been 

Iding for construction of 

sewer system. Chas. Lyma 


Schenectady, N. Y". — There will be a 
special meeting of Village Board of 
Trustees of Eastwood to ratify bond 
Issue fo be used in building 

:". miles of sewer this summer Prop- 
ertv owners 

01 sewer system by a vote 
of 127 tO 51. Sewer plans are well un- 
der way In office of George i 
C R. 

Snlem. O.— The $25,000 int. 
l onds which were to hi 
sold did not develon. as bonds could not 
tor 4%%. Date now Set for sell- 
- is July 30 and they will be 

Brie, I'n. — Resolutions have been 
adopted for construction of various 

I.nurTtoTvn. I'n. — Plans and speclftoa- 

ir si 0. ono sewage disposal plant 

..f Middle Coal Field poor district, at 

l.aurvtown. have been approved by State 

Commissioner of Health Samuel O. 

Knozvtlle, Tenn. -Enlargement of 

ns and filtration plant is 
being discussed. 

VasavUle, Tenn. — Board has received 

bids for constructing sewer in alley No. 

tween Blank st. and 17th ave.. 

iorth. Contract has i A to T. 

1 Curtis & Son at $1,013.50. 

Ennla, Tex. — Ennis .Sewer Co , 

■ that it will spend $10,000 or 

extensions within next year. 

Fort Worth, Tex. — Polytechnic City 

Commission has rejected both bids for 

laying of sewers in that city, as both 

were considered too high. Another ad- 

,,ent for bids will be i 
There are 16,000 ft. of sewers 

lllllxlmro, Tex. — Bond i- 

u voted for I water 

((miniih. Tex. — City Council has ordered 
tor July 28 to vote on $16,- 
, -nds. 

WrnlhiTfonl. Te.v. — Date 

to pass on matter of bond issue of 
$4,000 for sewer extension has been set 
for July 8. 

Hampton. Y'a A new sewer main 

will be laid shortly on Hope st. and all 
residents on that street will be forced to 
connect thereto. 

Richmond. Vn. — City Engineer has 
been ordered to ask bids for construc- 
tion of new sewer in East Grace St., be- 
tween 19th and 21st sts.. and along 21st 
st. from Grace to Marshall sts., at esti- 
mated cost of $16,178.71. 

Spokane, YYnsh. — Commissioner Hay- 
den has submitted to City Council plan 
and alternative for sewering large terri- 
tory- in western part of Manito district, 
main plan estimated to cost $38,000. 
Plan includes sub-trunk on Division st 
from Twenty-ninth to Twenty-fifth ave, 
east to Tekoa St.. north to Twenty-sec- 
ond ave. and east to Manito boulevard. 
this part to cost $18,314. Laterals would 
be on Twenty-sixth ave. from Tekoa to 
Browne. Twenty-seventh and Twenty- 
eishth aves. from Tekoa to Bernard, and 
Twenty-ninth from Tegoa to Division. 
Cost is estimated at $20,808. 


Hnrtford. Conn. — For construction of 
sewers on Bonner. Ledger. Wilton and 
Catherine sts.. to Dan O'Connor, at $8,- 

Newark. Del. — Bv Sewer Commission, 
contract for building svstem of sewers 
and disposal plant to Lvnwood B. Ja- 
cobs, of Newark. Del. Mr. Jacobs' bid 
for both sewers and disposal plant was 
S50.949.52 Other bids were: New York 
Sewacre Disposal Co.. $51. $99. $2: Kellev- 
McFeelev Co., of Camden. N. J.. $52,029.- 
41. and M. & J. E. Farra. of West Ches- 
ter. $66,407.90. 

Pittntield. Mass. — Bv Foard of Public 

Works, to C E. Trumbull, of Boston, at 

,-,. for Newell st drain, and to E. P. 

Roberts, of Pittsfield. for the Pleasure 

Park drain, at $22,066. 

Cold Spring. Minn. — For constructing 
sewers, to Moffat Co.. of Des Moines. la.. 
at $8,000. 

YirsJnin. Minn. — City Council has 
awarded contracts for storm and sani- 
tary sewer work aggregating abotn 
blocks, which will cost about $10,000. H. 
L. Bartlett got contract for sanitary 
sewer in Anderson's third addition at 
$2,024 and for storm sewer in same ad- 
dition at $4,149.60. Lawrenee-McCann 
Co. of Eveleth got the contract for san- 
itarv sewer in the Fairview addition at 
5.90. Other bidders were Riisberg 
& Marvlck and Pastoret Construction 
Co of Duluth. 

Venrnor. X. J Bids for construction 

of bulkheads and cateli basins have been 
received bv Ventnor Council. E. J. Hol- 
land submitted lowest bid but action 
was referred to committee on streets. 
Holland's bid on catch basins was $74 50 
for Tvpe "A" and J50 for Type "R." He 
bid $3.60 per lineal ft. on bulkheads 
with SI per cubic vd. for mud fill and 
nts for sand fill. Smith's bulkhead 
bid was $5 per ft.: catch basin. Type 
552: Type "R." $4S. The Abacus 
ruction Co. hid only on the catch 
basins, with a bid of $56.99 each. The 
Atlantic Construction and Supply Co.'s 
bid on the catch basins was $52.50 for 
tvpe The Power Equipment and 
n Co. bid $4 per lin. ft. on 
the bulkheading and $75 for each type 
tch basin. 
Balleton Spa, N. Y. — Foard of Super- 
's has opened bids for erection of 
new county tuberculosis hospital and 
building sewage disposal plant ln con- 
nection with it Thomas Dunn of Sara- 
Sprincs was lowest bidder for each 
contract. Rids were as follows: County 
pital — Thomas Dunn. Saratoga 

Springs, $25,193: F. D. Sherman Co., 

July 10, 1913. 

South Glens Falls, $25,842; James An- 
derson, New York. $20,473: K Gaffney & 
Sons, Saratoga Springs, $27,252; James 
P. Fitzgerald, Saratoga Springs, $27,966. 
Sewage Disposal Plant — Thomas Dunn, 
Saratoga Springs, $2,417.25; Thomas 
Leonard, Saratoga Springs, $2,476; B. 
GafEney & Suns, Saratoga Springs, $2,- 
S2G 97; Sherman & Blackburn. South 
Glens Falls, $2,969.93; New York Sewage 
Disposal Co., $3,U08.57. 

Portland, Ore. — Sewer Committee of 
City Executive Board has rescinded its 
award of contract for construction of 
Halsey st. district sewer to John Keat- 
ing for $15,700 and awarded contract to 
Elliott Contracting Co., next lowest bid- 

Krle, Pa. — For sewer construction, to 
Clements Wolfram: For Poplar and 29th 
st. system of 9-in. sewers, Wolfram bid 
98 cts. for 9-in. and 77 cts. for 6-in. pipe 
laying. On sewers in German and Wal- 
lace sts., south of 19th St.. Wolfram bid 
$1.19 and Bancroft asked $1.20. On Plum 
St., from 18th to 19th sts., Wolfram asked 
$1.24 and Bancroft $1.25. - 

Pittsburgh, Pa — By Department of 
Public Works for constructing relief 
sewers on Broad st. to Evan Jones Co. 
at $26,457, and on 40th st. at $14,270. 

Pnrk City, Trim. — To J. A. Ahler 
Plumbing Co. contract for installation of 
complete sewer system in Park City. 
Contract calls for completion of work 
within four months, with expenditure of 
approximately $9,000 to $10,000. This 
new sewer system will extend from 
Spruce st. on the west to eastern cor- 
porate limits of city, from Virginia ave. 
on south. 


Sncrnniento, Col. — Erection of nitra- 
tion plant to cost about $828,000 is rec- 

Denver, Colo. — Initial steps toward 
marketing of $7,000,000 bond issue, au- 
thorized by people for purchase or con- 
struction of municipal water system, 


have been taken by public utilities com- 

Hartford, Conn. — Extension of water 
mains in various streets has been plan- 

Bushnell, Fla — Installation of water 
works system is being considered. 

Klton, L,a Water and light plant is 

being considered. 

Knyvllle, La — Election on proposition 
of issuing bonds to amount of $220,000 
for purpose of erecting water works 
plant in Rayville resulted in bond issue 
being carried. 

Blllerlca, Mass. — Sum of $22,000 will 
be borrowed for purpose of extending 
water pipes into part of town known as 
Pinehurst Park. 

Pass Christian, Miss. — Council is mak- 
ing surveys for proposed laying of about 
6,000 ft. of 2-in. pipe in east end of town, 
along Second st. and cross streets north 
of Louisville and Nashville Railroad. 

Hannibal, Mo. — Special election will 
be held in Hannibal for purpose of de- 
ciding on purchase of water works. To 
carry proposition to purchase a major- 
ity of two-thirds of votes cast must be 

Fulton, N. Y. — Board of Public Works 
is considering building o£ new reservoir. 

lit. Morris, N. Y. — At special meeting 
of Village Board of Trustees it was 
voted to deposit $5,000 to prolong option 
on Mills water works at $50,000. 

■Waterloo, N. Y. — Improvement to wa- 
ter works system is being planned. 

Portland, Ore. — Both the 24 and 30- 
in. submerged Bull Run water mains 
across Willamette will be lowered this 
summer so as to permit dredging of 
upper harbor south of Hawthorne ave. 
bridge by Government. Contract for this 
work has been awarded to A. C. U. Berry 
for sum of $69,400, entire amount to be 
paid in city water bonds on basis of 93 
cents on dollar. 

Providence, K, I. — Board of Contract 
and Supply has voted to advertise for 
bids on large quantity of filter cloth to 


at pumping station and for 300,- 
I ; i"' ! ' works department. 

Providence, K. I. — Board has voted to 
advertise for bids for contracts to fur- 
nish hi ter cloth for pumping station at 
Field s Point and for 300,000 brick for 
in of public buildings. 

Nashville, Teun.— Board of Public 
\\ orks will advertise for bids during 
present week for repairing wall of east 
basin and rendering basin impervious to 
water, according to plan recommended 
by Herrin, water works engineer of New 
York. Contract for former work will 
ily be awarded this week, and 
'that for latter work somewhat later, Tex. — By vote of 127 to 24 
citizens of Hillsboro have authorized 
Council to issue $25,000 worth of addi- 
tional water works and sewerage bonds, 
at election held here to-day. 

Uu.iiiuh, Tex — City Council has or- 
dered bond election for July 28 to vote 
"ii $20,000 additional water works bonds 
and j 16,000 sewerage bonds. 

Ogdeu, Utah — For purpose of raising 
money to cover part of cost for con- 
struction of dam on South Fork of Og- 
den river to impound water for munici- 
pal water works system of Ogden, and 
to insure ample supply of water for city 
during months of July, August and Sep- 
tember, Board of City Commissioners 
has passed resolution calling for spe- 
cial election to vote bonds of $75,000. 

Amherst, Va. — Council of town of Am- 
herst has adopted ordinance providing 

Bexley, O — Bids for constructing sys- 
tem of sanitary sewers, according to 
plans prepared by A. Elliott Kimberiy, 
Consult. Engr., Columbus, Ohio., were as 
follows: (1) Sieverling & Fairbairn, 
Springfield, Ohio; (2) F. R. Stone, Lima, 
Ohio; (3.) William Jones, Carnegie, Pa ; 
(4) S. T. Knight, Columbus, Ohio; (5) 
Barnewolt Construction Co., Peoria, 111. • 
(6) Kohbarger & Hoyles, Marion, Ohio 
i awarded contract): 

2S.529 lin. ft. 8-in. sewer pipe, cement joints 

4,824 lin. ft. 10-in. sewer pipe, cement joints 

4,313 lin. ft. 12-in. sewer pipe, cement joints 

3,405 lin. ft. 15-in, sewer pipe, cement joints 

876 lin. ft. 18-in. sewer pipe, cement joints 

22,529 lin. ft. 8-in. sewer pipe, asphaltic joints 

4,824 lin. ft. 10-in. sewer pipe, asphaltic joints 

4,313 lin. ft. 12-in. sewer pipe, asphaltic joints 

1,470 cu. yds. excavation and back fill, under 6 ft 

6,344 cu. yds. excavation and back fill, from 6 to 8 ft... 
18,979 cu. yds. excavation and back fill, from 8 to 10 ft. 
12,154 cu. yds. excavation and back fill, from 10 to 12 ft. 
1,790 cu. yds. excavation and back fill, from 12 to 14 ft.. 
530 cu. yds. excavation and back fill, from 14 to 16 ft... 
800 cu. yds. excavation and back fill, from 16 to 18 ft... 

1 house connection, 6-in. cement joints, each 

1 house connection, 6-in. asphaltic joints, each 

923 Y-branches, 8x6-in -... 

102 Y-branches, 10x6-in 

87 Y-branches, 12x6-in 

12 Y-branches, 15x6-in 

1 concrete manhole, 8% ft. and under 

1 concrete manhole, over 8V5 ft. and under 10 ft 

63 concrete manholes, over 10 ft. and under 12 ft 

1 concrete manhole, over 12 ft. and under 14 ft 

1 concrete manhole, over 14 ft. and under 16 ft 

1 concrete manhole, over 16 ft. and under l&y 2 ft 

1 brick manhole, 8% ft. and under 

1 brick manhole, over 8^ ft. and under 10 ft 

1 brick manhole, over 10 ft. and under 12 ft 

1 brick manhole, over 12 ft. and under 14 ft 

1 brick manhole, over 14 ft. and under 16 ft 

1 brick manhole, over 16 ft. and under lSVi ft 

3 concrete drop manholes 

3 brick drop manholes 

11 concrete single flushing manholes 

16 brick single flushing manholes 

2 concrete double flushing manholes 

2 brick double flushing manholes 

16 lampholes 

1 deep house connection 

3 tons 14-in. cast-iron pipe 

2.9 tons 18-in. cast-iron pipe 

Class A concrete, per cu. yd 

Class B concrete, per cu. yd 

Class C concrete, per cu. yd 

Rock excavation, per cu. yd 

M ft. b.m. timber in foundation 

M ft. b.m. sheathing in trench 

Common labor, per hour 

Skilled labor, per hour 

Foreman, per hour 

Teaming, per hour 

6-in. tile underclrains 

8-in. tile underdrains 

10-ln. tile underdrains 

12-ln. tile underdrains 

Railway crossing, lump sum 























































































































































































































60 00 




























































































































































Vol. XXXV, No. 2. 

for Issue of bonds amountl 

d in se- 
curlng watei rlo light 

plan I i. 

■ •■•> hi !■>■>. Wash. 
is being pli 

tauer, \* ii^ii — 
olded i" offer W. H. Paulh unus $2,GoO 

offer Includes payment al n • of $40 a 


» n.i. la. i to Des 

.v Iron i :o . 

Pa risiiiin. KIIL- 

i« , st bid at $85» for 
ol 4-in. wati !■ main on I 
n.. in. -n fn. For Installing two 

Borough Water Works to Babcock & 
Wilcox Co New bi 

awarded to H. K. 1 1 W ork Is 

ipervlsion of I besti r ft Fleming, 
eers, Pittsburgh, Pa. 

tashTllle, Tenn. — By Board of Public 
Works oon tract for cleaning ou 
I. asm of reservoir to E. T. Lewis & Co., 
the price being f 2, I 

I'ark City, Tenn. — Contract 
stalling complete pumpl 
n awarded I 

II Works Co., 
ira, in 

Fort ttnrih, Tex. — By Commissioners, 
Manufacturing Co., contract for 
placing pump and tank al water plant 
,n rear of county jail. 

I'ai son, itnh. — Contract foi eonstruc- 
works systei P 

City hat rded to Wheelrlght 

Construction Co., of Ogden, at bid ot 
about 162, 

From Royal, Va. — For constructing 
water works and sewer system to Win. 
Tunny, of Juliet, 111., at $2 

I'm i nlliip. Wash. — Knoell & Houk were 
successful bidders for laying of iron 
water mains in Main St., Summer and 
Union aves, Puyallup. They will do work 
for $1.: 

Superior, w is. — Board of Public 
Works has a i% ■ instal- 

lation of water and lions on 

Tower aye. from 16th St. to -1st st. to 
Stack Bros. Co. The Superior 
Light & Power Co. was only other bid- 

Los Angeles, Cal. — City engineer has 

certified to sufficiency of petition filed by- 
property owners on Moneta ave., be- 
tween 36th place and Vernon ave.. for 
installation of ornamental lights, and 
it is expected that City Council will at 
once take steps to start necessary pro- 
ceedings. Lights will extend distance of 
little less than a mile. 

I. ii Junto, Colo. — Arrangements are be- 
ing made for establishment of gas plant 
Junta. W. H. Gates and G. M. 
Culber have proposition which has been 
placed before City Council asking for 
s.-. If this Is granted they W-i 

llushiiill. Fin. — Installation of electric 
light plant is being considered. 

\\ Inter fork. I'm. — Fi 
tee of Council, Mr. 11. A. Ward 
man, has duly advertised for sale of 
new 7 per cent, bonds to the amount of 
$10,000, which have been issued for in- 
stallation' of electric li'-'ht plant. 

Dixon, in. ' Council has appro- 

priated 11,600 for boulevard lights to be 
- portion of city. 

Elton, i.m. Light and water plant is 
being considered. 

Camden, N. J. --Camden Council has 
nother step toward establishment 
of municipal lighting plant. Special 
committee ha » Ing m 

"00 had 

I n provldi i to I"- let for 


Caamberabnrg- Pa. — it has bei 
solved i mcll that 

sum of 62.700 be expended bj I 
in improving lighting ol 
tween north side of Kti tnd louth side 
of Washington I st. be- 

nd Mar- 
kit st. brldgi 
13.700 be contrlbuti d of bor- 

s„u i.nk.- City, I tab. i 

■ ,11 uniform "white 

ire lights along b th 

Isanerst, \ a. 

amounting to ji».' 
trie light pi 


n ikIiIouIihi. In- for H'W 

lighting system to be Installed In Wash- 
to Common I SupplJ 

Roseau, Minn. — \ II has 

, follow Ing for elec- 

bouse and water works 

Power bou ft Bcrg- 

strom, 1 mint l> Ine, boiler and 

lnnery, Northwestern Elec- 

ill, $4,927; poi.. 

line and street lights— The Elect! 

structlon Co. 13,896; Water 

works, Charles W. Krlandson, Roseau, 


i asaden, n. J For constructing pro- 
municipal electric light plant, 
L22 Mar- 
ket st . Newark, as follows; Carleton & 
0; Storm & Co., boil- 
• i.i. < 1 15,980; 
Atlantic Construction Co.. of Atlantic 
City, electrical work. 6279,900; total, 

Win.-rl \. Y. — For ornamental light- 

■ in, by Village Board, to Central 
ork Gas & Electric Co Entire 
cost of new system will be $5,594.50 per 
vear. increase of $1,212.54 over old style 
lighting. Contract has been signed for 
live years. 


Fresno, CsX — Motorizing of two pieces 

of fire apparatus is recommended. 

Bridgeport. Conn. — Purchase of com- 
bination chemical and hose wagon has 
been authorized. 

East (ireennich. Conn. — Taxpayers 
have voted to build new fire station on 
corner of Long and Main sts., which is 
in business centre of village. 

Hartford. Conn. — Plans for improve- 
ment Of fire department are being dis- 

Nnugntuck. Conn. — Purchase of oOO ft. 
of hose has been authorized. 

Washington, D. C. — Congress has made 
appropriation for installation of modern 
system Of auxiliary fire protection for 
of the largest buildings occupied 
bv Department of Interior. Address 
Chief Clerk of Interior Department. 

Tampa, Fin. — Purchase of two large 
steamers is recommended by Chief \\ . 
IS. Mathews. 

Dixon. III. — City Council has appro- 
priated $5,000 for purchase of new au- 
tomobile fire truck. 

I. upon,., ind. — Purchase of motor ap- 
has been recommended. 

Des Moines, la. — Purchase of several 
more pieces of motor apparatus is be- 
ing discussed. 

Kansas City. Mo. — Several pieces of 
motor apparatus will be purchased. John 
C. Egner is Chief. 

Butte. Mont. — City Clerk has been in- 
structed to advertise for bids for auto 
fire engine. 

Rochester. >". Y. — Board of Contract 
and Supply has rejected bids on new 
Exchange st. fire house and has directed 
Clerk Frank X. Piter to advertise for 
new bids. 

Dnvton. O. — That bonds in sum of 
$119,000 be issued for complete motor- 
izlng of fire department will he recom- 
mended to City Council by finance com- 

Hasslllon, O. — Bond issue of $lo,000 is 
being discussed for motorizing fire and 
i nents. 

Hiddletown, O. — Purchase of motor 
apparatus has been authorized. 

Pittsburgh, Pa. — Pittsburgh will build 
new modern fire engine house at Web- 
ster and Seventh aves., to cost $60,000. 
epared by Architect 
Brennen and provide for struc- 
bv 100 feet, with concrete foun- 
dations, slate roof, hollow tile walls and 
• very modern equipment. It will house 
new motor apparatus which has been 
ordered by bureau of fire. 

Cranston, It. I. city Council ot 
ston has voted to appropriate sum of 
10 ft. of hose 
to, Aii Company, It has 

also vol shut-Off nozzle 

and four fire lanterns for company. 

Wichita Falls, Tex. — Purchase of an- 
other automobile tire engine by city is 
lated, and it will probably be 

Spokane, Wash. Cltj Council has 

build new South Side tire station on 
owned by city water depart- 
ment at Lincoln Heights reservoir. 

i in. .on,. \\ nsb. — Purchase of two gas- 
oline pumps and two gasoline combina- 

tion hose and chemical wagons has been 
Unup.-en. nyia, \i,out 300 ft. of hose 

a ill probably be purchased. 

i nviii \i M \ \\ vnni'.D. 

sun Francisco, i at. — By Board ot Fin 
Commissioners, to American-La 
Co., for motor fire engine at SI 

\ttautn, tin. — Mayor Woodward has 

signed contract for new automobile fire 
engine in Tenth ward, which I 
was purchased from Amer 
Prance Fire Engine Co. for $9,000. 

Bmporia, Kan.— By city, to Eureka 

re Hose Mfg. Co., of Kansas City. Mo.. 
for l.UUO ft. of their Paragon brand nre 
hose at $1.10 per ft. 

New Bedford, Mass. — City Council 
committee on fire department lias re- 
ported receipt of bids for motor fire ap- 
paratus, and submitted order authoriz- 
ing contracts with Ahrens-Fox Fire En- 
gine Company for one engine, and with 
Robinson Fire Apparatus Manufacturing 
company of St. Louis. Mo., for one fire 
engine, each to cost $9,000. 

I. rand Knplils. Mich. — An order has 
been placed by Board of Police and Fire 
Commissioners with Couple-Gear Auto- 
mobile Co. of this city for two-wheel 
tractor to be used at No. 3 fire station. 

Rochester, N. Y. — Contract for 50-gal- 
lon chemical tank for Fire Department 
has been awarded to American-La 
France Company for $424. 

Portland, Ore. — Fire hose contracts 
have been awarded as follows: Eureka 
Fire Hose Manufacturing Co., 3,ouU ft. 
of 2%-in. Paragon hose for $1.10 a foot; 
American Rubber Manufacturing Co., 1,- 
000 ft. of 2^2 -in. Crackerjack at 85 cts. 
a foot and S00 ft. of lVz-in. Cracker- 
jack hose at 48 cts. a foot: Fabric Hose 
Co., 3,000 ft. of 2is-in. Keystone hose 
at $1.10 a foot; Bowers Rubber Co., 1,- 
000 ft. of 2 l 2 -iTi. Victor hose for 80 cts. 
a foot; Republic Rubber Co., 1,000 ft. 
of 2%-in. Invader hose for 83 cts. a 
foot; Goodyear Rubber Co., 1,000 ft. of 
2 ! — in. Columbia hose for 85 cts. a foot: 
Guttapercha Rubber & Manufacturing 
Co., 800 ft. of 1',2-in. Rescue hose for 
IS cts. a foot. 

Portland, Ore. — To A. G. Long, con- 
tract for furnishing city with one Ameri- 
ca n-LaFrance auto pumping engine for 
sum of $9,000. 

Portland. Ore. — Bids for fire engine 
house at Third and Glisan sts. have been 
opened by fire committee of City Execu- 
tive Board, and contract awarded to A. 
C. Meyers for $11,67S, which was lowest 

Lynchburg, Va. — For furnishing one 
75-foot motor aerial truck, to Seagrave 
Co.. Columbus, O., $11,000. 


Miami, Ariz. — Gila County Board of 
Supervisors has authorized construction 
of seven bridges on highway between 
Globe and Miami and is having roadbed 
changed and put in first-class condition. 
It is estimated that these improvements 
will cost between $9,000 and $10,000. 

Washington, d. C. — New bids will be 
asked for construction of new t> st. 
bridge over Rock Creek. 

St. Augustine. Fla. — Specifications will 
be drawn at once covering estimated 
cost of permanent concrete bridge over 
San Sebastian to New Augustine, con- 
crete bridge over Durbin creek and at 
Twelve Mile Swamp near Sampson. It 
is expected that twenty thousand dol- 
lars will be provided for bridge work. 

M.hevllle. (in. — Dodge County's Com- 
missioners have met in Abbeville with 
■Wilcox County's Commissioners to dis- 
cuss proposed building of bridge across 
the Ocmulgee River to connect W'ilcnx 
and Dodge Counties. 

Monde, Inil. — County Commissioners 
have approved plans for Sharon bridge 
across Mississippi River, north of De- 
Soto, submitted by County Surveyor 
Webber, and bridge will be advertised 
for sale at once. Plans call for two 
spans, one a "through" span and other 
a "pony" span. Entire length of two 
will be 250 ft. It will be constructed of 
steel and con 

Ktiiishs City, Kim. \n issue of $20.- 
oiio has been voted to construct re-en- 
tsoncrete bridge over Jersey Creek 
1 1 Seventh st. 

Haverhill. Muss. County Commission- 
ers have decided to rebuild three spans 
of Qroveland bridge, recently burned. 
putting in modern steel structure with 
reinforced concrete floor. They have 
JSn.OOO available for purpose and cost 
will be apportioned on railroad and 

Municipal Journal 

Volume XXXV. 

NEW YORK, JULY 17, 1913 

No. 3 



Value to the Health Department and in Controlling and Eliminating Contagious Diseases — Detecting Diphtheria 

and Typhoid Cases — Analyzing Milk, Suspected Well Waters, Etc. — The Birmingham Hygienic Laboratory. 

By E. M. DUNCAN, M. S., City Bacteriologist in Birmingham. Ala. 

The city of Birmingham, Alabama, has the distinction this city for the diagnoses of the various diseases, from 
of being the first city in that state to establish and main- the time the department was established in August, 1906, 
tain a hygienic laboratory as a further protection to the up to and including December 31, 1912, shows the pro- 
health of its citizens. In 1906, when it was proposed to gress that has been made, and to some extent emphasizes 
establish a bacteriological department for the city, it the importance of this service as a means of protecting 
was agreed to by certain city officials who were not health and life from the dangers of contagious and in- 
familiar with the needs and importance of such a de- fectious diseases, 
partment, with the idea that the department would be Specimens Examined for: Positive. Negative Totals. 

established as an experiment to determine whether or Blood. Typhoid 2,255 5,748 8,003 

not the city needed or wanted such an institution. That Blood, Malaria 190 1.012 1,202 

it has from the very first done all that was claimed for Sput urn, T^rcujosis J'JfJ 3 6 jfy ^ 

it by its advocates has been thoroughly demonstrated, Pu s ' "g^ar S ' P Go no^r hoe a '.'.'.'.' .'.' '509 998 1,507 

as judged by those conversant with the importance of Feces, Hook-worms 53 276 329 

this line of scientific work and the good work of the Spinal Fluid, Meningitis 8 5 13 

department has been recognized and appreciated by ~?3~567 

many prominent citizens in almost all walks of life. ran ' ' 

The following statement of the number of microscopic The number of examinations made during the year 

examinations made by the bacteriological department of 1512 for the diagnoses of diseases showed an increase of 



Vol. XXXV, No. 3. 

777 pei out »v*f tin numbet of examinations made for 
ilu- same purpo year the laboratory was 

established, or an avera n isi oi 111 [ht cent each 

year, rhis shows that the value of this work as an aid 
to correct diagnosis and the control of diseases was 
realize. I from the first, and that the laboratory is being 
more relied upon and more highly appreciated 


\ department of this kind serves main important pur- 
- in a well-established health organization; as an 

aid to the |iro]ier enforcement of health and quarantine 
laws ami for the protection of the health of the citizens, 
to all elates of which it- services arc extended free of 
charge. The work carried on and to be accomplished 
by a department of this kind is not only an aid to the 
protection of human health, but in many instances makes 
possible a considerable saving from a financial point of 
view. But the most important benefits are those afforded 
to individuals and the general public in aiding in the 
control and suppression ><\ contagious and infectious 
diseases. Man) times laboratory tests may make known 
a case of disease which would not otherwise be detected 
m its incipience, and from which serious harm may re- 
sult, not only to the individual patient hut to other per- 
sons in danger of infection. Facts determined in the 
laboratory may result in isolation and quarantine of the 
patient, or on the other hand may remove suspicion of 
disease so that the patient may be relieved from the 
burden of quarantine: or it may change the entire line 
of treatment. 

This is especially true in diagnosing diphtheria. It is 
the opinion of the best authorities that the clinical 
symptoms of diphtheria are no longer the most signifi- 
cant, but that the only correct, scientific and accurate 
method of diagnosing this disease is the culture method 
and identification of the diphtheria organisms in the 
laboratory by the microscope. Hence it is deemed 
necessary and advisable to make cultures from all sore 
throats, both slight and extensive. A sufferer from sore 
throat may have almost every clinical sympton of diph- 
theria, but the examination of a culture from such a 
throat in the laboratory may show only follicular ton- 
silitis, only pus-producing organisms being present, thus 
establishing the real nature of the trouble and relieving 
the patient of the burden of isolation and quarantine; 
also saving considerable in the expense of the antitoxin 
that it might have been thought necessary to administer 
to various persons as a precautionary method should 
there have been doubt as to whether the case was diph- 
theria. On the other hand, it is possible that some 
individual patient may show only vague clinical symp- 
toms of diphtheria, yet a microscopic examination may 
reveal the fact that such a person may be harboring the 
germs of diphtheria in his throat: and if such patient be 
not detected, isolated and quarantined, he would be as 
much a source of danger to others as though the case be 
a typical clinical type of the disease. An epidemic of 
diphtheria may frequently be prevented, especially when 
a case of diphtheria is detected in a child who has a 
number of playmates or attends a large school. 

In many instances a positive finding of diphtheria has 
been made in the laboratory by the examination of a 
stain made from the swab as soon as it reaches the 
laboratory, thus avoiding much of the delay required 
for the incubation of the culture. These quick diagtli 
are of special value, as several hours are thereby saved 
and the patient can at once he given antitoxin, isolated 
and quarantined, an immunizing dose of antitoxin being 
admn .us who have been exposed. 

However, a negativi result from an immediate swab 
examination means nothing, as a culture must be prop- 

erly incubated and examined microscopically before final 
report can be given. 

The laboratory makes examination of all release cul- 
tures desired by the attending physicians or the health 
authorities — cultures taken from diphtheria patients 
after convalescence until the diphtheria bacilli are proven 
to be absent in at bast two successive instances of cul- 
tures taken on different days. In this manner the health 
department is enabled to get all cases of diphtheria 
properly isolated and quarantined until the contagion 
has disappeared. 

The city of Birmingham for several years has made it 
a practice to include, in the medical examination of the 
pupils in its schools, examination for the presence of 
"diphtheria carriers." The physicians looking after this 
work take cultures from the throats or noses of all chil- 
dren of which there is any suspicion; blood-serum 
culture media and sterile swabs for all this work being 
prepared and supplied by the city bacteriological de- 
partment. These cultures are incubated, examined 
microscopically, and reported upon by the bacteriologist 
and his assistants. Each year about 1.000 of these cul- 
ture media and sterile swabs are prepared and supplied 
for this school work. The number of cultures showing 
positive has varied from year to year, ranging from 42 
to 78. One year, in August, there were 12 positive 
cultures from the regular routine examinations, but dur- 
ing September and October (the months in which this 
school work is done) we had 58 and 51 positive cultures 
respectively. This shows the danger of spread of the 
disease by "diphtheria carriers" when children from all 
parts of the city are brought together at fairs, circus 
and the opening of the schools, unless the carriers are 
promptly detected, removed and properly handled. 

In this connection I think the health department 
should send to the parents or guardians of each child 
found to be harboring the germs of diphtheria literature 
explaining the matter fully, which should read some- 
thing like the following: 

(1) By a competent microscopic examination of a culture 
taken from your child (give the name), the germs of diph- 
theria have been found. Although no apparent symptoms 
of illness or discomfort are indicated physically, at the same 
time since this child's throat has been found to be harbor- 
ing the germs of diphtheria, it is very necessary for the 
Health Officer to send your child home at a protection to 
the other children in the school. Also to placard your 
house as a note of warning to the public. 

(2) For the safety of your child, as well as of the other 
members of the family, you are advised to consult your 
family physician and secure from him a good throat wash 
for this child, which should be used to eliminate these 

(3) As soon as necessary an officer from the Health De- 
partment will visit your home for the purpose of taking a 
release culture from your child's throat, and as soon as 
two cultures taken on successive days have been found 
negative, which shows that the contagion has disappeared, 
your house will then be fumigated, the placard removed, 
the child will be released from quarantine and will then 
be allowed to return to school. 

(4) The usual precautions as applied to contagious and 
infectious diseases in a home, relative to visitors, the de- 
livery of milk and the removal of empty milk bottles from 
such premises by the dairymen must be observed. 

I think some information of this kind would result 
in a better understanding between the health authori- 
ties and the public, and would have a tendency to cause 
a better observation of the health and quarantine laws 
by the public generally by bringing about a better ap- 
preciation of the value and the importance of the en- 
forcement of such laws. 

A number of other lines of work are carried on regu- 
larly by the Birmingham department which are of great 
benefit to the public health by aiding physicians in estab- 
lishing correct diagnosis, such as making sputum and 

July 17, 1913. 



urine examinations for tuberculosis, testing spinal fluid 
for spinal meningitis, examining pus smears for the de- 
tection of the presence of gonorrhoeal infection, includ- 
ing genito-urinary and ophthalmic forms ; examinations 
of fecal matter for hook-worms and other intestinal 
parasites and organisms, including blood examinations 
for typhoid and malaria, pernicious anaemia, and so on. 
The case may be mentioned of a prominent citizen who 
had been ill for several years and in great pain from 
kidney trouble. It later developed that a correct 
diagnosis of the exact nature of the trouble had never 
been made, and it was only when, by suggestion of the 
bacteriologist, examinations of urine were made by him 
which developed the presence of tubercle bacilli in great 
numbers, that the trouble was finally located in one 
kidney, which was removed, and which resulted in the 
recovery of the patient. 

In many instances since the Birmingham bacteriologi- 
cal department has been in operation, positive results 
for typhoid have been obtained in the laboratory by 
serum examination of the blood, when the patients have 
practically no clinical symptoms of the disease but are 
still walking about the city. The detection of these 
vague types of typhoid is where the laboratory is of the 
greatest benefit in making diagnoses for typhoid. The 
agglutination test of blood for typhoid is made of all 
persons engaged in handling the public milk supply, thus 
safeguarding the public health by detecting possible 
typhoid carriers; this test to be supplemented by care- 
ful bacteriological examination of the stools and urine of 
all such persons whose blood gives a positive Widal 
reaction. In one case a dairyman had been slightly ill 
for a short time and did not report the fact as required 
by law, claiming that his physician did not diagnose the 
case as typhoid and the fever was only slight and brief; 
but his blood showed typical typhoid reaction, and he 
was forbidden from further connection with any hand- 
ling of milk for several weeks. Such a patient is a 
serious menace to public health, especially when en- 
gaged in handling foodstuffs, and may be responsible 
for a wide distribution and prevalence of typhoid when 
it is not possible to trace or to explain the original 
source of the infection. In one of the large Eastern 
cities, a dairyman who had apparently recovered from 
typhoid and was allowed to again engage in selling milk 
was, it was apparently demonstrated, responsible for 
over 600 cases of typhoid due to the fact that he con- 
tinued to be a "typhoid carrier." 

The results of all microscopic examinations are re- 
ported promptly to the respective physicians by tele- 
phone. In return, the bacteriological department should 
be furnished with the names and addresses, for complete 
record, of all cases of contagious and infectious diseases. 
It would be of considerable importance for the depart- 
ment to know the location of all such cases in order 
that our milk inspectors may see that dairymen observe 
the proper care in the delivery of milk and removal of 
empty milk bottles from such premises. 

The department can do much in improving and safe- 
guarding the public milk supply, providing an index to 
the cleanliness, temperature and age at which milk is 
delivered, and a working basis for the inspectors in 
bringing about the desired results in improving the milk 
supply. Milk that has been produced and handled under 
very careful methods and immediately cooled and 
promptly delivered should show a very low bacterial 
content, while milk which has not been so produced and 
handled, will generally show a very high bacterial con- 

The bacteriological department is also called upon to 
keep a check on the quality of the public water supply. 

Bacteriological examinations are made of water from 
many open, shallow wells in the city, and almost invari- 
ably these wells are found to be grossly polluted and a 
menace to heath, thus enabing the health department 
to declare them a nuisance and cause them to be filled. 

The bacteriological department makes examinations 
from time to time of all fumigating materials used by 
the health department following cases of illness of a 
contagious and infectious nature, to see that this im- 
portant work is done in a thorough and efficient manner. 

The work of a bacteriologist is not without its diffi- 
culties and dangers. The improper preparation of speci- 
mens submitted makes the microscopic examinations 
more difficult, and may very greatly detract from the 
accuracy of the results. If specimens of a highly in- 
fectious or contagious nature, specimens of tuberculous 
sputum, spinal fluids, and all other specimens of a dan- 
gerous nature are submitted in improper form, it greatly 
increases the danger to the bacteriologist of handling 
the same. 


Probably many of the members of this Association 
would state as an unquestioned fact that it would be im- 
possible to bend cast-iron pipe, and the remainder would 
admit that they had never heard of its being done. See- 
ing is believing, however, and the accompanying photo- 
graph taken by Mr. Leonard Metcalf shows part of a 
line of 10-inch pipe in which there were about forty 
lengths which had been heated and bent. 

This pipe is a part of the pipe line built for the United 
Fruit Company, conveying the Guayabo River water to 
the town of Preston, Cuba. For the greater part of its 
length it is laid upon the surface of the ground, so that 
it was possible to photograph the pipe, although it has 
been in use two or three years. 

The canyon through which the pipes passes for about 
two miles from the dam is crooked, making impossible 
such easy curves as could be made in the pipe joints. 
Through somebody's oversight, no curves or sleeves 
were ordered with this pipe when it was bought; and as 
it might have taken a month or more to send up and get 
additional specials, the local engineer — not a water-works 
man — decided to bend some of the straight pipes. This 
had been done frequently with steel or wrought-iron 
pipes for the sugar mill, and they followed the same 
course of procedure with the cast-iron pipe, with entire 
success, as they did not break or spoil a single pipe. The 
pipes were bent to various radii, the shortest being SO ft. 




Vol. XXXV, No. 3. 

\ iridic of old rails was first constructed with the dc- 
sired amount of curvature. About one foot at each end 
it side the fire, to prevent collapse 
of the pipe, and a fire of Hard wood was built under and 
around the remainder ■ ie pipes. Six or eight pipes 
were benl at a time. In one and one-half to two hours 
after starting the fires the pipes were hot enough to bend 
and settle.] from their own weight to the cradle prepared 
• ive them. 

particular pipes were 10 inches in diameter, with 
inch thickness of shell, corresponding to Class D <• 
the Xew England Water Works Association specifica- 
tions, the weight of which is 760 lbs. per 12-foot length. 


Constitute Large Percentage of All Fires— Insurance 

Companies Largely Responsible — Preventing Fires 

Due to Carelessness and Faulty Construction 

Abstract of paper before National Association of Maim- 
ers by JOSEPH JOHNSON, Fire Commissioner of New 
York City. 

All persons in America paying insurance premiums 
suffer in the aggregate a loss of 300 million dollars a 
year. This is far too much, and I do not hesitate to say 
that if the people, as represented in their legislature and 
in their congress, will grapple with the problem, it is 
absolutely feasible within the next ten years to cut down 
this loss, irrespective of the increase in population, by 
one-half. I am cutting down the fire loss in New York 
City in this ratio at this very moment. 

Up to three or four years ago talent and ingenuity 
had been expended entirely upon putting out fires, and 
the fact was overlooked that a large fraction of the 
tremendous fire waste might be prevented. The entire- 
country has awakened to this fact, and they are now 
putting the horse in front of the cart, where it belongs. 

The l'Ml legislature of Xew York State passed what 
is known as the "lire prevention law." imposing upon the 
fire commissioner the removal of the fire hazard 
wherever it existed, except in the tenement houses, the 
inspection force of which already has the power to re- 
move such hazards. The spirit of the new law is that 
of saving life first and property afterward. Property is 
insured against fire, but human life is not. This law 
was put into effect in Xew York City in October. 1911. 
by the granting of an annual appropriation of $200,000 
by the Hoard of Estimate and Apportionment. This 
enabled the fire department to employ 123 persons in fire 
prevention work. 

This force was merely a beginning and was too small 
to cover the city by a block to block system. 
so we have worked largely upon a classification system; 
that is. we have taken hinds of buildings and businesses 
instead of locations. My plan was to take the places 
of greatest hazard first: therefore I caused an inspec- 
tion and individual report on each of the 825 moving 
picture houses and each of the 850 dance halls in Xew 
York city. I caused the same inspection of every pub- 
lic, parochial and private school, issuing an individual 
corrective order against each. I caused to be inspected, 
also, every department store in the city, these stores 
being, in my opinion, places of great danger, particularly 
to human life. The source, however, of the greatest 
apprehension to me, was the lofts and factories. There 
are at least 45.0111) separate loft buildings in the city with 
numerous occupants. 1 inaugurated a crusade by 
women ini insl smoking in factories under 

circumstances endangering human life, and one of these 
inspectors having good police and detective instincts 
average half a dozen malefactors per day. The magis- 

tracy has supported this movement, as have also the 
factory owners since prevention of smoking increases 
efficiency of laborers, and factory workers are now con- 
vinced that they must obey this law. What a great 
factor this is in the reduction of fires can be imagined 
when I say that in my opinion from 15 to 20 per cent of 
all fires arc caused by the careless throwing away of 
lighted matches, cigars and cigarettes. 

In addition children in the public schools are taught 
the danger of playing with fire, and the use of fireworks 
on the Fourth of July is absolutely forbidden; which 
latter has reduced the number of Fourth of July fires 
from three or four times the normal daily average to 
practically no more than such average. 

Fire prevention measures, however, will not bring the 
number of fires down to an irreducible minimum, but 
will only reduce those due to carelessness, neglect, or 
faulty construction. The largest single factor in waste 
by lire in the larger cities is incendiarism. The fire 
marshall of Brooklyn has stated as his opinion that not 
less than 40 per cent of fires were fraudulent insurance 
fires. The fire marshall of Manhattan and veterans of 
the fire extinguishing force were positive that at least 
25 per cent were incendiary. In order to study this, 
agents of the fire department began, in December, 1911, 
taking our insurance on household effects situated in 
various apartments rented from time to time in various 
parts of the city. In that month a four-room flat was 
hired, the weekly rental of which was $5. and was fur- 
nished with two chairs and other articles, the total value 
of which was $3.44. Upon these articles, and including 
insurance at an address where there was no property 
at all. the department obtained altogether the sum of 
$60,500 worth of insurance. On other articles of even 
less value, the department obtained S67.000 worth; mak- 
ing a total of $127,500 under 135 different policies. Poli- 
cies for $79,500 worth were granted by the companies 
or their agents without any payment whatever on the 
part of the applicants. All of these policies were issued 
by fire insurance companies to applicants whom they 
did not know upon property which they took no trouble 
to inspect. 

The great ease with which insurance policies are 
obtained bears directly upon the question of arson. The 
refusal of the companies to insure doubtful risks would 
automatically check a large percentage of this phase of 
criminal enterprise. 

An examination of the information collected concern- 
ing the 14.574 fires in Xew York during 1911, especially 
as to finding out how many of these were classified 
under the head of "cause not ascertained." showed that 
70 per cent of the fires in millinery establishments came 
under this head. 78 per cent of novelties and toys, 70 
per cent, of hats and caps. 69 per cent of shirtwaists. 
66 per cent of furs; and in a larger number of these 
the amount of insurance was in almost every instance 
disproportionate to the interest involved. In what might 
be called "normal" trades, the general average of "not 
ascertained" fires is about 30 per cent and in many 
trades runs below 10 per cent. The only general con- 
clusion to be drawn is that a large number of the fires 
in certain trades are incendiary. This conclusion is 
formed by inquiry into the time of the year at which 
suspicious fires occur in such trades as shirtwaists, 
cloaks, women's suits, furs and feathers, etc. Bad sea- 
sons, overstocking of goods, failure of salesmen to secure 
expected orders, invariably result in an abundance of 
fires among certain firms in these trades. In the fur 
trade, for instance, most fires occur in the spring of the 
year, when the fur season has closed and the merchant 
does not desire to carry his stock over the summer. Hat 
and cap fires generally occur from May to August. In 

July 17, 1913. 



the millinery and feather trade, a change of fashions 
will result in a number of fires. When willow plumes 
went out of style recently, there were a large number of 
fires in this line. 

Another extremely important factor is the financial 
condition. Dishonest merchants whose bank balances 
are at the lowest ebb, seek a remedy in conflagration. A 
knowledge of the relation between seasons and certain 
industries, a following of the trend of fashions, and a 
scrutiny of Dun and Bradstreet's reports, will reveal to 
the fire marshal the names of many persons who might 
be expected to have fires. Experiments have been tried 
by the New York fire department to warn suspected 
people in some of these trades that they were under ob- 
servation. For instance, uniformed men have been sent. 
for the ostensible purpose of inspection, to certain 
premises which logically might be expected to have 
fires, judging from their financial and trade condition 
and their past record; and it is believed that many fires 
have thus been prevented which would otherwise have 
occurred. These business fires can only be stopped by 
giving power to the fire department to inquire minutely 
into the trade conditions and financial standing of cer- 
tain firms, and to require regularly certified statements 
from such firms whose past records show that they 
have already availed themselves of the advantage of 
over-insurance and repeated fires. 

If the insurance companies, before granting policies, 
would take the trouble to ascertain the financial condi- 
tion of individual firms, they could remove the tempta- 
tion from a large number of those who today are having 
fires as a matter of ordinary business procedure; but as 
it is openly stated by the companies that "37.6 per cent 
of incurred losses are among assured who have had pre- 

vious fires," the condition seems irremediable, so far as 
the insurance companies themselves are concerned. The 
liberal issue by insurance companies of policies to both 
individuals and business firms without any previous in- 
quiry as to character, or inspection as to risk, is one of 
the principal causes of incendiarism. 

The $3.44 worth of household goods and the 135 poli- 
cies which had been obtained by the department were 
placed on public exhibit during January. 1913, and were 
seen by perhaps 200,000 people. This year a bill was in- 
troduced in the legislature, requiring that applications 
for insurance be made under oath, and that an agent 
or broker of an insurance company must personally in- 
spect the property to be insured, passed the assembly 
but was defeated by the insurance companies in the 
Senate. However, the publicity of the arson exhibit, 
an exposure of insurance methods and the fact that, at 
the psychological moment, the fire marshal had rounded 
up large numbers of the incendiary class which resulted 
in sending a continuous procession of fire-bugs and a 
handful of insurance adjusters and brokers to Sing Sing, 
have produced a marvelous result. In the first four 
months of 1912 there were 5,884 fires in Greater New 
York. In the corresponding four months of 1913 only 
4,450, a reduction of about 25 per cent. The total fire 
loss in the first four months of 1912 was $4,801,540, and 
in the first four months of 1913 $2,376,298, a decrease of 
50.5 per cent. In spite of the fact that last winter was 
an open one and a poor one for fur merchants, there 
has been a vast reduction in the number of fur fires over 
previous springs. If it had not been for fear of publicity 
and the law. it seems certain that many of these mer- 
chants would have taken the opportunity to sell their 
furs to the insurance companies at the end of the sea- 
son this spring. 

It is difficult to explain why insurance companies are 
not in favor of legislation which will decrease these dis- 
honest practices. The only answer appears to be that, 
the insurance business is a large vested interest, prac- 
tically a trust, which has made money by doing a loose 
and large business instead of a tight and small busi- 
ness. They have found it more profitable to put the 
premium of the incendiary into the general pot with the 
honest insurer. An indication of this is found in the 
Factory Mutuals association of Massachusetts. The 
members of this association comply with every rule of 
fire protection, and their losses are so low and premiums 
so small that the cost of their insurance is practically 
negligible. The time has come when the fire insurance 
interests can no longer continue taking 300 million dol- 
lars from the pockets of business industries in America 
in this careless way. They are exercising a public and 
business function, and unless they exercise it for the 
public weal they will suffer the same fate as other trusts 
which have not realized until too late that the American 
people demand an accounting of those who misuse a 
public trust. 


Bottle filled with kerosene and trailer leading from shelf 

under kitchen dresser. 

During 1912 the maintenance of 574 miles of sewer in 
Denver, Colo., was attended to by a force consisting of 
a superintendent, a foreman, 10 flushers and cleaners, 3 
two-horse teams and drivers with flushing tank and 
wagons, 5 laborers, and occasionally an expressman. 
Flushing in the outlying districts is done by 590 auto- 
matic flush tanks. In addition to sewer maintenance 
proper, this force cared for 43 horse watering troughs and 
24 drinking fountains, and did a small amount of sewer 
repair work. The total cost of all this work was 



Vol. XXXV, No. 3. 


Practically the Only Method of Deriving Revenue 
Therefrom — Incidental Benefits — Methods Prac- 
ticed by Hartford Water Works 
Abstract of paper bj BRMON 11 PECK, before the Ami 
Water Works Association. 

For the purpose of preserving the purity of the water 
supply, many water works companies have acquired large 
blocks of land contiguous to their sources of supply, 
which policy has been particularly favored in Connecti- 
cut by very liberal taxation laws with reference to such 
holdings. It is. of course, desirable to utilize this land in 
some way, if possible, but as a rule such areas which are 
not already forested are poor in soil and fit only for 
growing trees. The question arises whether any bene- 
fits may be derived from reforestation and the subse- 
quent care of the trees, both of which cost money. The 
writer is very skeptical as to the beneficial effect of for- 
ested areas- in conserving water supply by influence on 
evaporation, melting of snow and runoff, and believes 
that the benefit derived must come directly from the 
forest products. He believes that there is no doubt 
that an area can be reforested and cared for during the 
long period before returns are yielded and still be made 
to pay. The forester of the Hartford water department, 
.ifter careful study and analysis of the subject, has es- 
timated that an area reforested with white pine should 
net 4 per cent compound interest upon the investment at 
the end of fifty years. This conclusion is based on a 
cost of S7 per acre for planting and a land value of 
#12 per acre, proper allowances being made for care and 

Since the methods of reforestation practiced on the 
Hartford water works appear to be typical of those in 
vogue throughout this region, it may be well to cite 
some of their salient points. 

Single furrows are plowed 5 feet apart and in these 
the trees are planted 6 feet apart. The department has 
its own nursery, thus being able to plant seedlings more 
cheaply and in better condition than would be the case 
were they purchased from nurserymen. 

Planting chestnuts and hickory in the open field has 
been attempted but the squirrels found them and 
wrought such havoc that the practice was discontinued. 

White pine has been a favorite for planting, both be- 
cause of its rapid growth and of its value for lumber. 
Within the past three or four years a disease, probably 
the cottony scale, has attacked the pines and injured a 
large percentage of the new shoots. Whether anything 
more serious than a temporary setback to the growth 
of the tree will result, time must determine. 

Reforestation and forestry operations in general are 
productive of certain benefits which may be termed 
incidental. Water works superintendents, particularly 
in charge of our larger plants, know the difficulty 
of retaining economically many of their more valuable 
laborers during certain seasons. In New England this 
is especially the case in the winter. Such men. if dis- 
charged, are able usual!} to secure work elsewhere and 
their loss is apt to cripple the service when they are 
most needed. The scientific operation of a large forest 
would furnish work during the *lack season and offers 
a solution of the problem. 

Vnother incidental benefit, not to the water depart- 
ment hut to the public a) large, one which it would be 
difficult to measure in dollars and cents, is the value 
of such areas as park- One of the oldest and most 
competent water work- superintendents in Connecticut. 
in conversation with tin writer not long since, offered 

this feature as a prime objection to forestry operations 
on the sheds of public water supplies. His argument 
was that instead of constructing drives and inviting the 
public to use them, all people should be kept away from 
the water sheds as much as possible. This is not an un- 
common opinion but in it the writer does not concur. 
The proper use of any park is a matter of public educa- 
tion. The extensive drives in the reservoir parks of the 
Hartford Water Works have been in use, with proper 
restrictions, for years and very little trouble from abuse 
of the privilege has been experienced. 

The arch enemy of our forests is fire. To guard 
against this, on any forested area of considerable size, a 
patrolling system should be established. This at once 
opens the whole broad subject expressed in the last half, 
of our theme, "The general care of water sheds." As a 
general proposition the patrolling force which is neces- 
sary to enforce the laws relative to pollution can like- 
wise ke"p watch over the forests. 

The patrol of the Hartford water sheds is particularly 
well organized and equipped. Each man has a beat as- 
signed and is provided with a watchman's clock, of a 
type especially adapted to this service. All of them hold 
commissions as special policemen from the governor of 
the state, and culprits, in whatever town they are appre- 
hended, are under the jurisdiction of the police court of 

In closing it may be said that on account of the recent 
advent of improved methods of purifying and sterilizing 
water and an increasing public demand for their practice, 
the wholesale purchases of water shed lands seem likely 
to decrease. In the natural course of events, however, 
there will be on almost every water shed some land 
owned by the water department which may be turned 
into a source of income through reforestation. No use 
to which it might be put with profit could be less ob- 
jectionable than that of growing trees. If any further 
argument in support of the practice were necessary it 
would seem to be supplied by the greatly increasing 
numbers of water departments which are adopting it. 


The year 1912 was the second for the use of hypo- 
chlorite by the water works commissioners, of Erie. Pa., 
and they report that it has proved beyond a doubt the 
value of this treatment as a water purifier. "The treated 
water has at all times been free from pathogenic germs 
and perfectly safe to be used for drinking purposes." 
From January 1 to June 9 7 pounds of hypochlorite was 
applied to the million gallons of water pumped. The 
amount was increased to 8 pounds from June 9 to Octo- 
ber 10. after which it was again reduced to 7 pounds. 
The number of bacteria per c. c. in the water immedi- 
atelv after treatment avaraged as follows for each of the 
twelve months: 26, 37. 10, 20. 36. 56. 26. 26. 26. 33. 30 and 
24. It was found that the number of bacteria generally 
increased in the mains, and water as drawn from the 
taps contained an average of 24 bacteria in February and 
554 in June, these being the minimum and maximum 
monthly averages. It is extremely probable that the ad- 
ditional bacteria were perfectly harmless varieties. The 
of operating and maintaining the sterilization plant 
for the year was approximately 79 cents per million gal- 
lons of water pumped. The average daily pumpage for 
the year was 15.67'). 132 gallons. 

On July 25. 1912, a contract was let by the commis- 
sioners for a pumping station, boilers, and 24-million 
gallon rapid sand filter plant, the contract price of which 
^446.380. Part of this contract is completed, and 
the whole is expected to be finished by next spring. 

July 17, 1913. 



Municipal Journal 

Published Weekly at 

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By Municipal Journal and Engineer. Inc. 

Telephone, 2S05 Stuyvesant, New York 

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Subscribers desiring information concerning municipal matters are re- 
quested to call upon MUNICIPAL JOURNAL, which has unusual facili- 
ties for furnishing the same, and will do so gladly and without cost. 

JULY 17, 1913. 


Cttj Bacteriological Department. (Illustrated.) By E. M. 

Duncan 67 

Bending Ten-inch Cast-Iron Pipe. (Illustrated.) By C. W. 

Sherman ,;: ' 

New York, i Illustrated.) By Joseph 

Johnson 70 

gewer Maintenance in Denver 71 

Reforestation of Water Sheds. By Brmon W. Peck ~- 

Water I'm ion at Erie 72 

Hoi Weather Health Precautions 73 

Work in New Bedford 73 

Monuments in St. Paul 73 

Asphalt Macadam in Nassau Counts'. (Illustrated.) 74 

Bituminous '' ti Pavements 74 

e Water Meters. (Illustrated.) .. . 75 

The Municipal Index 83 

News of the .Municipalities. (Illustrated.) 76 

Legal News — A Summary ami Notes of Recent Decisions.. 82 

News of the Societies 86 

Personals 87 

.Municipal Appliances. (Illustrated.) 88 

Industrial News S!» 

The Weeks Contract News 

Hot Weather Health Precautions. 
While it is presumed that the health officer of Board 
of Health of every city and town guards against the sale 
of unwholesome food at all times of the year, it is es- 
pecially imperative during the hot weather of mid-sum- 
mer that frequent inspections be made of all stores where 
food is sold, both because of the greater probability of 
finding putrid meat and decayed vegetables at such a 
time, and also because during the hot weather the effect 
of these is most serious in aggravating the effects of in- 
tense heat. The effects of overheating seem to be more 
serious in the case of children than of older people (ex- 
cept the very old) and they also are more given to the 
eating of either green or overripe fruit than their elders, 
and it therefore seems desirable to be specially careful 
that all fruit sold or kept in stock be suitable for con- 
sumption. Although the summer had hardly begun at 
that time, during the last week of June the Board of 
Health of Washington. D. C. condemned 61 pounds of 
meat, 63 barrels of fish, 82 baskets of vegetables and a 
considerable amount of blackberries and canteloupes. 

When the health of the community is at stake, there 
should be no hesitancy in destroying all food which in 
any way violates the health regulation of the city. 

Street Work in New Bedford. 

In his report for the year 1912, C. F. Lawton, Super- 
intendent of Streets of New Bedford, Mass., gives some 
detailed information as to costs of constructing road- 
way and sidewalk paving, from which we select the 

There are in the city 93 miles of macadam, 9.47 miles 
of granite block, 9.19 miles of cobble, and 6.16 miles of 
bitulithic, with small amounts of asphalt block and 
brick. The paved sidewalks consist of about 34 miles 
of tar concrete, 31.6 miles of flag and 20.8 miles of grano- 
lithic. During the year 1912, new macadam was laid to 
the amount of 91,564 square yards on 38,224 lineal feet 
of street. In this work there were used 30,010 tons of 
stone, or 0.348 of a ton of stone per square yard. The 
total cost of the work averaged 60.3 cents per square 
yard. An area of 73,708 square yards of pavement on 
35.173 lineal feet of road were rebuilt at a total cost of 
$32,124.83, or an average of 42.1 cents per square yard; 
Id. 445 tons of stone being used, an average of 0.223 of a 
ton per square yard. The cost of new macadam was 
Syi cents greater than in 1911. due possibly to the 
fact that 15 per cent, more stone was used per square 
yard; but on the other hand, the cost of rebuilding 
macadam was 4 cents less than the year previous, al- 
though 11 per cent, more stone per square yard was 
used. No tar concrete was laid during the year. 

The city operates three permanent and one portable 
stone crusher, which last year crushed 68,409 tons of 
stone, about one-sixth of this being done by the port- 
able crusher. 

During the year 13,311 square yards of granite block 
pavement was laid at an average cost of $3,574 per 
square yard ; 4,559 square yards of bitulithic was laid 
at an average cost of $2.53; 19,377 square yards of En- 
durite at a cost of $1,636 per square yard, and 2,852, 
square yards of brick pavement at an average cost of 
$2.82 per square yard. Granolithic pavement was laid 
to the extent of 13,266 square yards at an average cost 
of $1,556 per yard. This was the only kind of sidewalk 
paving laid during the year. 

Street Monuments in St. Paul. 

Since 1881 all block corners of new additions to the 
city of St. Paul, Minnesota, have, in accordance with a 
state law, been marked with iron pipe which, as the 
sireets were improved, have been replaced with stand- 
ard granite monuments located either in the same place 
as the iron pipe or at the centre line intersection. Nine- 
ty per cent of the streets are sufficiently well monu^ 
mented to make the running out of a street line a simple 
matter. The monuments are 2 feet 2 inches high, 7 
inches square on the bottom and 5 inches square on the 
top, the head being dressed for 4 inches down from the 
top and a ^4-inch hole drilled in the top V/2 inches 

For many years an atlas giving the location of monu- 
ments was kept up, the monuments being numbered and 
recorded on a page in this book having a similar num- 
ber. For some reason this record fell into disuse and 
to remedy this a card index monument record has been 
started, and it is the intention to bring up to date the 
records of all monuments in the city. These cards are 
indexed under the street name, each card containing 
three or more intersections. The cards are numbered 
and run consecutively on each street from the centre of 
the city outward. 



Vol. XXXV. No. 3 


Resurfacing by Penetration Method — No Rolling Ex- 
cept on Final Surface of Screenings— Method 
of Conducting Work 
\ considerable amount of asphalt macadam resurfac 

ing by tlu- penetration method has been laid during the 

last few years in Nassau County, Long Island. New York. 

As the work stands well and seems to be giving general 
action, the following brief account of a road now 

under construction at Floral Park maj be □ 

The work is being done by Andrews Bros., contractors. 

of Mineola, and Bermudez road asphalt is the bitumen 


old road is a trap rock macadam, worn thin and 
flat. The old roadbed is scarified first. Very little grad- 
ing and shaping is necessary. Stakes are driven at in- 
tervals along the edge of the roadbed, which is 18 feet 
wide, and lines stretched from one to another. Exca- 
vated material is thrown up outside the line, forming a 


shoulder which holds the macadam in place. A crown 
of approximately five inches is given to the road. 

The new stone used is lj^-inch trap rock brought 
from up the Hudson river, loaded on cars at Long Island 
City and delivered at the nearest siding. This base stone 
is spread to a depth of three or four inches, being de- 
livered from dumping wagons in the middle of the road 
and spread by men with shovels. Three-quarter-inch 
stone and three-eighth-inch, screenings are in the mean 
time delivered alongside the road for use in the two 
upper courses. 

The Bermudez asphalt in large barrels is also delivered 
alongside the road, all on one side. Four Sweeney and 
Gray tar kettles are placed at intervals of about 50 or 
75 feet on the same side of the road as the asphalt. \- 
the work advances the last kettle is attached to a wagon 
and pulled right through the loose rock in the roadway 
to its new position at the head of the line along the side 
of the road. The large wheels and substantial running 
gear making this shifting, which is often troublesome, a 
very simple matter. 

The base stone is not rolled by the steam roller; in 
fact no rolling is done until after the fine screenings 
have been swept over the otherwise finished roadway. 
The asphalt is heated to a temperature of 350 degrees 
before pouring. Men carry the melted asphalt in pots 
to the workmen doing the pouring. The pouring is 
-killed work because ry to cover the stones 

thoroughly, but to use little or no more asphalt than is 
necessary to do this. The pouring cans used have verti- 
cal slots and are made by Sweeney & Gray. In using 


this can the workman swings it in front of him from side 
to side. The foreman states that bare stones are seldom 
found where this kind of can is used, whereas with cans 
with a horizontal slot which are swung forward and back 
at the workman's side, it is very difficult to avoid leav- 
ing some stones bare. Immediaitely after the base stone 
is covered with the hot asphalt, the three-quarter stone 
is spread over it and this layer is immediately covered 
with a coating of hot asphalt. Immediately after this 
the three-eighth-inch screenings are applied. Not until 
this stage of the proceedings is any rolling done. As the 
rolling proceeds men with brooms sweep the surface 
screenings from place to place, from points where there 
is a surplus to points where there is a deficiency. 

Comparing this method of work with the system of 
rolling each course of stone separately, it presumably 
requires the use of more bitumen. Approximately 2 gal- 
lons to the squat e yard were apparently being used. The 
stones, being loose, and some of them projecting, are 
certainly covered over a greater part of their surface 
than they would be if rolled first. When the whole work 
is carried on practically in one process, the heat of the 
asphalt is not dissipated but, being retained, must re- 
sult in a more perfect penetration of the asphalt, bring- 
ing about results analogous to those prevailing in mixed 
asphaltic concrete. 


jeing applied in background. 

The arguments presented in the communication from 
Spencer J. Stewart, in our issue of July 10. p. 48, were 
badly obscured by typographical errors. Mr. Stewart's 
main points were that bituminous gravel pavement is quite 
low in cost and that it has a surface of considerable merit. 
The sentences as corrected are: The writer was attempting 
to obviate, if possible, the hard smooth surface character- 
istic of other mixing method pavements, as he deemed it 
undesirable on country highways. The other sentence cor- 
rected is: This pavement cost on the average 85 cents per 
square yard for 2% inches of depth. 

July 17, 1913. 




Translated from Journal fur Gasbeleuchtung. 

The city of Hamburg at the end of the year 1911 had 
in service 30,565 water meters on private connections, 
and 2,919 for public service and on the distribution sys- 
tem. The acceptance and service tests of meters were 
made at a testing station where were provisions for sim- 
ultaneously testing thirteen meters from }s to lv$ inches, 
five of 2 inches to 8 inches, and one 6 to 30-inch meter. 
Previous to the end of 1909, each meter was tested 
about once every three years. In 1909 the number of 
tests was 12,601, and in handling and adjusting meters 
24,679 visits were made. The water department calcu- 
lated that the cost of service tests ranged from 78.3 cents 
to 91 cents per meter, and that of adjusting and repairing 
meters from $1.60 to $1.83. 

In 1909 the application of a new rule in the service 
made it apparent that about 15 per cent more water was 
pumped than was recorded by the meters. If the dif- 
ference was due to inaccuracy of the meters, it was im- 
portant to learn this and remedy it, for a gain of only 
one per cent represented about $11,900. In order to 
facilitate testing, the possibility was considered of test- 
ing the service meters by means of a portable apparatus. 
A pushcart was tried and also a horse-drawn outfit, but 
the automobile outfit shown in the illustration was finally 

This automobile has a 20-horsepower engine, a wheel 
base of 4 feet 7 inches and a height of 10 feet 6 inches. 
It can carry a load of 3,300 pounds at a speed of 15 to 
21J/2 miles per hour. The interior, which can be per- 
fectly lighted, contains two measuring tanks of 29 gallons 

capacity and two testing benches. These measuring 
tanks are suspended over a lead-lined tank which re- 
ceives the overflow and discharges it on to the street. 
The necessary water is obtained through a flexible con- 
nection which can be attached to a fire hydrant. A dif- 
ferential manometer makes it possible to measure the 
testing pressure, and the rate of flow is regulated by 
means of a valve at the point of discharge into the 

The accuracy of the meters is measured under a pres- 
sure head of 16 feet 5 inches. For measuring sensitive- 
ness or the limit of useful life, a pressure reducer is 
placed in front of the meter to permit operation under a 
constant low pressure, since the opening in the valve 
might be easily stopped if made small enough to effect 
this under city pressure. 

The testing party consists of five persons; a machinist 
in charge of the tests, and two mechanics and two assist- 
ants for handling meters. When testing, the tank in the 
automobile is connected with a fire hydrant and the me- 
ters from the consumers in the immediate vicinity are 
brought to it and tested. If the result of the test is 
satisfactory, the meter is put back; but if the result is 
unsatisfactory, it is replaced by one of several carried in 
the outfit. 

As a result of this system, the quantity of water mea- 
sured by the meters had increased 3.7 per cent in 1910 
over 1909, equal to an increased revenue of $41,174. The 
number of meters examined in 1911 was 13,906, of which 
only 2,035 were found to be defective. In 1912, 13,552 
tests were made from January to the end of August. 
The cost of this work per visit averages 25J^ cents, 
which includes depreciation of the apparatus. 



Vol. XXXV, No. .*. 

JRJews §f thg 

Current Subjects of General 
Interest Under Consideration 

by City Governments 
and Department Heads 


Laying Concrete Crossings. 
Haskell, I city is laying concrete ci 

the intersection of the principal streets. Crushed rock 

■ ing used in tlu- work. Mayor 

Cahill states that the order lias been placed for the iron 

used in making the extenson of the waterworks 

into the residence sections in the eastern and southern 

portions of the city. 

Use Asphalt on Lexington Streets. 
Lexington, Ky. — The Carey-Reed Compan begun 

South Mill street with Type C asphalt, begin 
at the corner of High and completing thi ick to 

within 100 feel of Maxwell street. It will require about 
a day and a half to the block to spread the asphalt, the 
contractors say. As soon as thi inished to Boliver 

the machinery will be transferred to Barr street and Wal- 
nut from Barr to Main. The latter stretch of street will 
he resurfaced over the present brick. The Barr street 
block will be entirely reconstructed. After completing 
Barr and Walnut. Rose street, from High street, south. 
or Mentelle Park, will be taken up. After these will come 
Third street from Broadway, east. 

Road Built as Experiment. 
Indianapolis. Ind. — Preliminary steps toward getting 
from under a contract with the Indianapolis Bitu-Mass 
ompany, for paving Thirty-sixth street from 
Pennsylvania streel to Central avenue, were taken by the 
i of public works. A resolution was adopted declaring 
that unless the Fidelity and Deposit Company of Mary- 
land, surety on the contractor's bond, begins completing 
the street according to specifications by July 7, the con- 
tract will be declared forfeited. A contract for paving the 
i with bitu-mass was let to the contractor in 1910. 
The pavement was built, but the city has refused to ac- 
cept it. Property owners have demanded that some action 
be taken to place the street in proper condition, but the 
board has been unable to do anything as long as the con- 
tract was hanging fire. The street was built as an experi- 

Change Name to Lincoln Highway Association. 
Indianapolis, Ind.— "The Lincoln Highway Association" 
is the name of what has been known formerly as the Coast 
Highway Association, according to a 
formal announcement. The object and purposes of this 
mammoth undertaking have not been changed, and of the 
ary to carry the work to completion 
over $4,200,000 has already been pledged. In fact, engi- 
ie Lincoln Highway Association are already at 
work mapping out the route of the Highway. The name 
was changed at the request of Carl G. Fisher, father of the 
original idea. The Lincoln Highway, wherever possible. 
be built of concrete. Existing highways that have 
used if their condition 
and construction warrant. Some persons are hound to 
r ,, n f. oln Highway Association with the Lin- 

coln Memorial Road, planned to connect Washington with 
,I K . . battlefield. That latter plan was aban- 

iult of the of the 

on the longest automo- 
Friends and' invib Indianapolis 

under the . the Indiana 

Automobile Manufactu car pf 

rticipating is "made in Indiana." The real pur- 

pose is to acquaint the public along the proposed route 
with the details of this wonderful highway enterprise. In 
addition to passengers, a tent, blankets, lunch hampers, 
folding water buckets, block and tackle, with ISO feet of 
rope, spade, folding axe. tire chains, jack, mud hooks and 
lanterns are included with each car as regular equipment. 
The party plans to arrive in Los Angeles August 2. and 
from that city will return home by rail. 

Paving with Asphalt Macadam. 
ne, Ga. — -City Engineer Booze has commenced the 
work of putting down asphalt macadam on Second avenue 
on the east side from the railroad to Youngblood's store. 
This street was recently graded and now that it is to be 
covered with asphalt macadam, it will be one of the pret- 
tiest thoroughfares in the city. North Broad street, which 
was recently graded, is also being given a coating. This 
street has been in bad condition since it was graded and 
the repairs were badly needed. The work on the two 
streets will cost the city about $5,000. 

Southington Road being Improved. 
Southington, Conn. — Excellent progress is now being 
made on the new state highway leading from Pratt's cor- 
ners in the southwestern secton of the town to the Cheshire 
terminal. The men employed have been kept at work 
every day including Sundays for several .weeks and the 
Milldale end of the line is greatly improved. There are 
portions of the street which have been filled in over four 
feet in order to make the required grade and the eastern 
end of the highway is now being constructed on the south 
side of the road after the completion of which the north 
side will be built, which will complete the long stretch 
from Milldale to Meriden. 

Grade Crossings to Go. 
Philadelphia, Pa. — The removal of all grade crossing 
South Philadelphia, a large increase in the port facilities 
of the city and other improvements at an estimated cost of 
more than $18,000,000 have been agreed upon at a confer- 
ence between city officials and representatives of the rail- 
roads affected. The city's share will amount to $9,796,400. 
while the Pennsylvania railroad will expend $7,057,000 and 
the Baltimore & Ohio $1,904,800. The plan, which will be 
worked out in detail by the attorneys for the city and the 
railroads during the summer for submission to councils 
next fall includes the purchase of the railroad piers at 
Greenwich Point and Snyder avenue by the city and the 
erection of new freight yards and steamship terminals on 
what is now marsh land adjoining the Philadelphia navy 
yard on the north. About 4.000 acres of marsh land will 
be reclaimed for home and factory sites. 

New Road to Arlington. 

Washington, D. C. — Construction work on the new road 

which the government is building along the Virginia side 

of the river from the south end of highway bridge to Ar- 

on is rapidly approaching completion as far as the 

grading is concerned, but the entire length of the road is 

yet to he surfaced, so that it will be several weeks before 

dj tor use. The road skin- - of the Po- 

!■ r part of about four miles of its length. 

Vrlington into the 

han does the present road through Rosslyn and across 

the Aqueduct bridge into Georgetown. It is level the 

greater part of its length except where it comes from the 

July 17, 1913. 


river bottoms of Alexander Island to the level of the High- 
way bridge, and there the grade has been made a very 
easy one. When the new road is completed it is pre- 
dicted that it will be used by nearly every one who motors 
or drives from Washington to Arlington. 

County Road Inspected. 
San Angelo, Tex. — An inspection of the road leading 
south to San Angelo beyond the county line has been made 
by county commissioners and members of the Chamber 
of Commerce. This road is to be put in first-class condi- 
tion at once. It is a part of the Denver-to-the-Gulf auto 
highway route. Other roads in Tom Green county are also 
to receive almost immediate attention. 

Texas Voting Millions for Good Roads. 
Fort Worth, Tex. — That the vigorous good roads cam- 
paign that has been waged in every section of Texas dur- 
ing the past two years, is bearing fruit is shown by the 
fact that during the first five months of 1913 $3,690,000 
was voted for good roads in twenty-two elections, which 
sum exceeded the total amount voted for good roads dur- 
ing 1912, according to records kept by the Texas Commer- 
cial Secretaries and Business Men's association. The in- 
terest in the good roads movement is not alone confined 
to individual counties, but has grown until many counties 
of the state are co-operating in the construction of several 
interstate highways. Notable among these is the Colorado 
Springs-to-the-Texas-Gulf-Coast highway, which is now- 
being logged following the recent formation of the Pan- 
handle division of the Colorado-to-the-Gulf Highway as- 
sociation at Childress, Texas. 

Club Offers Prizes for Best Roads. 
Orange, Tex. — The Orange Commercial Club will offer hundred dollars in prizes for the best mile of road 
using the split log drag. No compensation will be given 
the farmers for dragging the road other than the advan- 
tages of an improved public highway and an opportunity 
for winning the prize. The first prize will be $50, second 
$25, third $15 and the fourth $10. It is estimated that a 
man and team can keep a mile of road in good condition 
by running a split log drag 30 hours during the year. 

Sidewalk Improvements in Denison. 
Denison, Tex. — An era of building is on in Denison. Not 
only is the erection of substantial and beautiful residences 
progressing at a rapid rate, but store fronts are being re- 
modeled, old and unsightly awnings are being torn down 
and replaced with up-to-date metal ones, and the hum 
of commerce grows louder in accompaniment to the music 
of the carpenter's hammer. From a city poorly equipped 
with sidewalks a few years ago, Denison now may boast 
as many miles of smooth and lasting cement sidewalks as 
any city of similar size in the southwest. In the past two 
months there have been built, under the supervision of 
City Engineer J. C. Field, nearly 5,000 lineal feet of sick- 
walks, at a cost of $3,200 and 3,000 feet of curbing, repre- 
senting the sum of $1,230. In the month of May the rec- 
ords of the city engineer show that 2,800 feet of cement 
sidewalk was laid, costing $1,800 and 1,800 feet of curbing 
laid during the same period cost $750. Sidewalks laid dur- 
um June amounted to 2,100 feet, costing $1,400. Of curb- 
ing laid .luring the month there was 1,200 feet, represent- 
ing an outlay of $480. 

Starts Work of Road Inspection. 
Salt Lake City, Utah.— B. H. Burrell, senior highway 
engineer of the government department of public roads, 
has begun examining roads of Salt Lake county to work 
out a scheme of improvement which he will recommend 
to the department of roads and then to the county com- 
missioners. In company with Willard Shows county road 
supervisor, the expert went over the road in Emigration 
canyon and other thoroughfares in the eastern section of 
the county. The engineer is studying the nature of the 
earth, the traffic and what sort of surfacing would be most 
effective. He will be engaged in this work a week or ten 

days, alter which he will compile his report and forward 
ii to the chief engineer of the office of public roads. When 
the report has been passed on there it will be forwarded 
to the county commissioners here. This report will be 
used by the county commissioners as a basis for deciding 
whether $1,000,000 in bond will be asked at a special elec- 
tion for road improvement purposes or whether some 
smaller amount will be asked. 

Conflict of Authority. 

Milwaukee, Wis. — A sandstone block pavement is be- 
ing laid on Second street, between Grand avenue and Wells 
street, by the public works department, in spite of the vote 
of the common council directing the department to change 
the specifications to creosote block. Commissioner Sim- 
mons has directed the Chicago-Milwaukee Electric Rail- 
road Company to remove from the street old sandstone 
blocks that were being placed between the rails, and de- 
manded that new blocks be laid. 

Auto Pike for Kalkaska. 

Kalkaska, Mich. — There is some likelihood that the pro- 
posed Chicago-to-Mackinaw road will be routed through 
Kalkaska county. Kalkaska county is operating under 
the county system and the members held a conference 
with Frank Hamilton and other good roads enthusiasts 
from Traverse City for the purpose of discussing the pro- 
ject from the Kalkaska point of view. It is proposed to 
have the road pass from Traverse City directly through 
Kalkaska and then north to the Little Traverse bay region. 
The Traverse City representatives were pleased with the 
prospects and the proposition made by the Kalkaska com- 
missioners, and as a result an inspection will be made of 
the route through this county in the near future. 

Iowa Convicts Making Roads. 

Des Moines, la. — The state of Iowa is going to make a 
serious trial of the use of convicts in road making. Ac- 
tual construction of roads by prison labor will be com- 
menced within thirty days. A new law of the state makes 
this possible. It was enacted in response to the insistent 
demand of those who contended that it was not sufficient 
to provide merely that Iowa should have better adminis- 
tration of the road laws and a systematic planning for 
good roads. There were many radical highway enthusi- 
asts who wanted the state to authorize the use of its con- 
vict labor in the making of good roads and in various ways 
to actually provide for road building. And so the new 
law was enacted. It provides that convicts may be em- 
ployed in road work, and authorizes the warden and 
board of control to designate what convicts may be thus 
used for road building. At all times these prisoners shall 
remain under the full and undisputed control of the war- 
den. Their work must be in accordance with his direction. 


Bridgeton Sewage Disposal Plant Is All Right. 

Bridgeton, N. J. — Blasting operations in the disposal 
plant mentioned in the Municipal Journal, July 3, were a 
very trifling matter, according to Commissioner of Public 
Works Henry Ryon, who sends the following information: 

'The disposal plants here are now, and have been for 
about two years in successful operation. One of the two 
plants has an ejector pumping station attached to it. At 
the time this station was built the people, unfamiliar with 
such plans, demanded that the entire plant be kept out 
of sight as much as possible; and in accordance with this 
demand a concrete slab roof was placed over the pit con- 
taining the ejectors and the slab covered with dirt, leaving 
only a 24-inch manhole for entrance. This arrangement 
made it a little inconvenient for the attendant to reach the 
ejectors, and a short time ago I decided to remove the 
concrete slab and build a house over the pit. This work 
is now almost finished, and the total cost of the alteration 
will be less thai? $500. The amount of concrete removed 



Vol. XXXV, No. 3. 

was less than one cubic van] A few sticks of dynamite 
were exploded on top of the concrete slab to crack it 
and facilitate its removal. The people finding that the 
plants have been neither unsightly nor offensive in any 
way, have made no protest against the alteration." 

City Sanitation Plans. 
Fori Worth, Tex — An outline of the organization of the 
city sanitary board or board of health, has been prepared 
by the special c mittee and the report submitted to Com- 
missioner Davis, Jt is prop physicians, 
one veterinarian a t>er of the City Federation on 
the board, with the health commissioner, and the city 
health officer as ex-oflicio members. The committee's 
plans provide for a clerk, city chemist, dairy inspector and 
market inspector. It yi\e- the board supervision of the 
sanitary condition of the city, including the hospitals, jails 
and schools and empowers it to aid the health commis- 
iii efforts i" educate the public in hygienic matters. 

Clean-up Campaign is Waged by City Chiefs. 
Knoxville, Tenn, — James A. Hensley, commissioner of 
public safety, and the department of health are co-oper- 
ating in an effort to make Knoxville more sanitary. Steps 
have been taken by Commissioner Hensley to arrange for 
a general clean-up in sections of the city most in need of 
ii. < irders have been ssued by the police department to 
look after nuisances that may exist and to take such steps 
as may be deemed necessary to make Knoxville more sani- 
tary. Various parts of the city laws have already been 
under surveillance, and on complaints being issued to the 
boards of health and public safety various citizens have 
been ordered to institute a clean-up. If violations of the 
sanitary laws are continued these will be cited to appear 
before 'Squire Dennis G. Leahy, the city recorder, and 
tines arc likely to be imposed. The department of health 
of Knoxville will be assisted by the safety department of 
the city in the work of inspection, which will be continued 
in tin- week, or until all nuisances art- abated. 


City Well Tested. 
Montague, Calif. — The eight-inch well being drilled to 
supply municipal water to Montague is now down 500 feet. 
A test was made of the supply, and it was found very sat- 
isfactory. The water is within 32 inches of the level of the 
ground. The pump lowered it about 40 feet. Five minutes 
after the pump stopped the water had risen to its former 

Water Department Gives City $20,703. 
Binghamton, N. Y. — The water department's contribu- 
tion to the city sinking fund is more than $1,000 greater 
for 1912 than it was for 1911. Comptroller Heary received 
15 per cent, of the gross earnings of the water department 
for 1912. The amount was $20,703.57 as compared with 
$19,645.47 last year. 

Urged to Boil Water. 
Wrightsville, Pa. — Dr. J. L. Jamison, health officer, has 
notified the citizens of Wrightsville that as a precaution 
they should boil all the water used for cooking or drink- 
irposes that came from the reservoir of the Wrights- 
ville Water Supply Company, as he deemed it unfit for 
drinking any other way. Superintendent C. II. Gilbert, of 
the water company, has asked the citizens to be as sparing 
as possible with the water, as the supply was getting 
short. A year ago the water company drilled several ar- 
tesian wells, but at the present time no pumps are being 
operated and the water from these wells is not getting into 
the reservoir. 

Electrically Driven Turbine to Be Used. 
Huntsville, Ala. — The city of Huntsville has purchased a 
multi-stage turbine pump, which will he installed in the 
city pumping station to relieve the pun. ping equipment, 
which has been ovei during the last two or 

The new pump will be driven by electric power 
and will pump 3,600,UUU gallons of water a day. The city 
commission has excepted a contract with the Alabama 
Tower Development Company for power to run the city 
pumps and early this fall the steam plant will be perma- 
nently discontinued. 

Water Receipts Are Heavier. 
Dallas, Tex. — Water rentals collected by the city of Dal- 
las in the quarter ending June 30 amounted to .^74,147.50, 
an increase of $6,990.10 over the same quarter a year ago. 
The collections in the first quarter of the calendar year 
were $09,433.74, an increase of $9,989.24 over the same quar- 
ter in the previous year. The total increase for the six 
months over the first six months of 1912 was $17,985.34. 
Secretary-Collector John P. Evans says that two things 
are responsible for the increase, the growth of the city and 
the use of water meters. There are about 8,500 meters in 
service out of more than 20,000 connections in the city's 
system. Water Commissioner R. R. Kelms is standing 
out for the purchase of 5,000 additional meters in the fiscal 
year. This is said to be the principal point in the water 
budget, yet to be passed, upon which the commissioners 
are not fully agreed. 

Meters to Check Growing Extravagance. 
Salem, O. — A reading at the pumping station of the 
waterworks department taken Monday, June 30, showed 
that on that day 1,584,028 gallons of water had been 
pumped. This is over 200,000 gallons in excess of the 
same day one year ago and indicates an extravagant waste 
of water on the part of the consumers. Supt. Russell 
stated there was only one remedy to prevent this lavish 
waste of water. Other cities have had the same experi- 
ence and were unable to overcome the difficulty until meters 
had been installed. Mr. Russell expressed himself as be- 
ing in favor of metering the town, which he claims is the 
only fair way to sell water both for the consumer and the 
city. It is more than probable that an agitation will be 
started to meter the city and that this will be accomplished 
before another year rolls around. 

Board Reduces Water Rates. 
Nashville, Tenn. — The board of public works will put 
into effect on September 1 the schedule of metered water 
rates embraced in the report of the city council committee 
appointed to revise the rates, it being contended by the 
board that under the city charter it has exclusive authority 
to fix the rates at which water shall be sold by the city. 
The board has formally adopted the new schedule, which 
provides that 1,000 cubic feet of water shall constitute the 
amount allowed each consumer on payment of the mini- 
mum rate, $1.50. At present 1,350 cubic feet of water is 
allowed on payment of the minimum rate, which is now 
■?2. Turner H. Morton, water tax assessor, estimates that 
these reductions will effect a reduction of the revenue of 
the waterworks department of $20,000 per annum, but he 
says he expects on account of anticipated increased con- 
sumption the revenue of the department will be about as 
large next year as this. Mr. Turner states that of the 
12,500 metered water consumers in the city at present, 63 
per cent, of them use less than 1,250 cubic feet of water 
per quarter and therefore come under the minimum rate 
of $2. He also states that at lease 50 per cent of the me- 
tered water consumers use less than 1,000 cubic feet and 
therefore come under the new minimum rate of $1.50. Fifty 
per cent, of the metered water consumers who at present 
pay $2 per quarter after September 1 will be required to 
pay only $1.50, a 25 per cent, reduction. 

Waterworks Will Be Repaired. 
Fori Worth, Tex. — Although the proposition of a water- 
works bond issue for the rehabilitation of the water- 
works system has been dropped by the city commission, 
and, though the city has stated it has no funds for repair- 
the plants, nevertheless, necessary repairs will be 
made and waste will be stopped by means of a special re- 
pair fund, which was created at the regular meeting of the 

July 17, 1913. 



city commission. This fund was created by a motion in- 
troduced by Water Commissioner Blanke, providing that 
all of the money collected on the notes given by the citi- 
zens for the installation of the lead-pipe service two years 
ago and all of the money recovered on unpaid water bills 
shall go into a special fund, which shall be used to move 
a large pump, now unused, at the dual plant to the Holly 
plant, and to make the necessary repairs on the pumps 
now in service at the Holly plant. Commissioner Blanke 
says the money which may be collected into this special 
repair fund will not be more than enough to make the 
most urgent repairs. If all the money owing the city 
waterworks department is collected there will be about 
$22,800 in the fund. 

Sabetha Wells Go Dry. 
Sabetha, Kan. — Two of the three wells which have lately 
supplied water for Sabetha have dried up, and left only 
water enough to supply the electric light plant. The city 
is without fire protection. Residents are using individual 
wells and cisterns for their own private use. Another well 
has been sunk, and it is thought it will solve the problem. 


Cadiz to Have Electric Lights. 

Cadiz, Ky. — Cadiz, the county seat of Trigg, is soon to 
have electric lights. A. P. White & Co., owner of a large 
flouring mill, and George L. Smith, manager of the Cadiz 
Water Company, are behind the project, and arrangements 
will be perfected to have the plant completed by fall. 
Light Plant at Cedar Point. 

Cedar Point, Kan. — Cedar Point, said to be the smallest 
incorporated town in the state, and boasting of a popula- 
tion of only 193 residents, has just let a contract for the 
building of an electric light plant, which will be owned and 
operated by the town. The cost of the plant is practically 
$3,000, and it is to be completed and ready for operation 
within ninety days. Ten street lights will form a "great 
white way" through the little town's main thoroughfare 
which it is said will make it the best lighted town in the 

Cleburne Power Plant for Brownwood. 

Brownwood, Tex. — The Cleburne plant of the Texas 
Power and Light Co. is being moved to Brownwood, and 
the first shipment of two big Diesel engines has arrived 
in Brownwood. Cleburne is now supplied with light and 
power from relay stations, and the Texas company is mov- 
ing a plant to Brownwood, which, when combined with the 
equipment already there, will give them more than 700 

Force Gas Rate Down. 

Battle Creek, Mich. — After investigating an ordinance 
passed by the city council, before the commission form 
of government was adopted. Mayor John W. Bailey says 
that the Battle Creek Gas Co. can be made to reduce its 
price from $1 to 90 cents. Accordingly he will wait for the 
issuance of the monthly statements for June, next week, 
and if they call for $1 gas there promises to be some- 
thing doing. The mayor says the matter will be taken as 
high as the gas company wants it to go, and he opines 
that the city can set the maximum price. 

Demonstrate New Ornamental Lighting System. 

Milwaukee, Wis. — Night was transformed into day when 
the twenty new lamps on Grand avenue, between the 
bridge and Second street, were lighted. The Merchants 
and Manufacturers' Association has been instrumental in 
obtaining the new lighting system in various parts of the 
city and is working toward a universal lighting system 
throughout Milwaukee. These lights, which are installed 
by the Milwaukee Electric Railway & Light Company as 
an exhibit for the benefit of the Grand avenue merchants, 
are of the ornamental type of magnetic lamps, recognized 
by illuminating engineers as the best lamps for such pur- 
pose, they having superceded, in the opinion of such engi- 
neers, the older types of flaming arcs and similar patterns. 
For the purposes of this demonstration the company has 
placed ornamentally mounted lamps on the trolley poles at 

the street intersections, one to each pole except at West 
Water street where there are two to each pole. They are 
placed 19 feet from the street, so as to give a good dis- 
tribution of light and still keep the intensely bright ire 
above the field of vision. As the legislature has recently 
passed a law making it possible for the city to bear a part 
of the expense of ornamental street lights — up to one-third 
of the cost — when one-half of the property owners of a 
block so request it, this new plan, and the demonstration 
is given a municipal as well as a business interest. 


Delay Hose Contract That Tests May Be Made. 

Washington, D. C. — On motion of Engineer Commis- 
sioner Harding the commissioners decided to postpone the 
awarding of a contract for hose to be furnished the Dis- 
trict of Columbia fire department during the current fiscal 
year pending a test to be made by a committee of samples 
of hose furnished by the Gutta Percha and Rubber Manu- 
facturing Company and the Eureka Fire Hose Manufac- 
turing Company, the only two concerns whose bids came 
within the specifications. The committee will consist of a 
representative of the fire department, to be named by 
Chief Wagner, and the superintendents of the water and 
sewer departments. The companies mentioned were the 
only ones to submit bids for furnishing multiple woven 
hose. In his report on district purchasing methods, sub- 
mitted to Congress when he was serving as a member of 
the house district committee, Secretary Redfield of the de- 
partment of commerce criticised the hose specifications, 
claiming that they should be enlarged so as to enable com- 
panies manufacturing jacket hose to submit bids. Fire 
Chief Wagner claimed that demonstrations had shown 
conclusively that the multiple woven type is of superior 
quality and the specifications were not changed. Both 
the companies which submitted bids for furnishing this 
type offer to supply the hose at the price of $1.10 a foot. 

Women Police for Chicago. 
Chicago, 111. — Ten policewomen will be appointed at once 
in accordance with a special message sent to the Council 
by Mayor Harrison. They will be assigned to the bathing 
beaches and parks. Accompanying the message was an 
ordinance amending the police regulations to provide for 
the employment of women police. 

Unveil Firemen's Monument in September. 

New York, N. Y. — A memorable event in the annals of 
fire-fighting in the city of New York will be the unveiling 
on Friday, September 5, of the Firemen's Monument at 
Riverside drive and 100th street. The monument is near- 
ing completion. The unveiling ceremonies will be attend- 
ed by an unprecedented firemen's parade and the affairs of 
the day will be the climax of the joint convention of the 
fire engineers and the fire exposition at the Grand Central 
Palace the first week in September. That the heroism and 
value of firemen's lives should be recognized by a fitting 
monument is due to the suggestion of the late Bishop, the 
Rt. Rev. Henry C. Potter, made while preaching the fun- 
eral sermon of Deputy Fire Chief Kruger in the spring of 
1908. The architect of the monument is H. Van Buren 
Magonigle. The Firemen's memorial fund committee con- 
sists of Henry W. Taft, chairman; Gen. Thomas L. James, 
treasurer; Charles Elliott Warren, assistant treasurer; Hon. 
Joseph Johnson, commissioner of fire department; Andrew 
Carnegie, Jesse I. Strauss, Rev. Henry A. Brann, D. D., 
pastor of St. Agnes' Church; George W. Babb, Cornelius 
X. Bliss, Dr. Hamilton W. Mabie, Egerton L. Winthrop, 
former chief of fire department, Edward Croker and Cecil 
J. Allen, secretary. The work on the monument is pro- 
gressing satisfactorily for, although material for the steps 
is overdue and undelivered, it will certainly receive the 
finishing touches in ample time for the date set for its 
unveiling. The total cost of the monument is $90,500, of 
which $50,500 was raised by popular subscription, and $40,- 
000 contributed by the City of New York under resolution 
of the Board of Estimate and Apportionment dated July 
17, 1911. 


Vol. .XXXV, No. 3. 


Sees Motor Fire-Fighting Apparatus for Bloomfield. 
Bloomfield, N. J.— Pre. on that Ihe Bloomfield I 
Department will d with automatic fire-fighting 

atus within the next six or eight months, was made 
b) Councilman Frederick Sadler, charman of the Town 
t ouncil fire committee. at the banquet which ended the 
department's thirtieth anniversary. Mr. Sadler said it was 
intended to buy an auto truck and an auto chemical ei e 
With their acquisition. h< said, there will follow a one- 
tenth reduction in fire insurance rati nts. 

A Close Call for Auto Fire Truck. 
\\ .,- abers of th( Wash 

department had a close call when the large auto truck 

came near colliding with a North Washington street car 

at the corner of ii enue ami College street. The 

department was answering a call 1 and was 

making good time out of Highland avenue. The gong and 
the siren were being sounded hut when the truck reached 
i ollege street a North Washington car darted out of Col- 
lege on to Highland. The l>ig auto truck swerved to tin 
curb and the motorman of the car brought the street cat- 
to a standstill almost instantly. The big truck barely 
cleared the street car and had not the motorman had con- 
trol of his car a collision could not have been avoided. 

New Fire Truck Breaks Through Bridge. 

Trenton, X. J. — The Fire Department's new $11,000 auto 
truck, being tried out, went through the planking of the 
West Hanover street canal bridge and only for the speed 
of the vehicle might have been precipitated into the canal. 
The truck, which was driven by William Mitchell, with 
Joseph Scudder as tillerman and Peter Stires instructing 
the firemen, was making one of the many tryouts to which 
it was subjected to after its arrival. Approaching 
the bridge at fairly fast pace, Driver Mitchell guided the 
truck so that the wheels would not follow the trolley- 
tracks, which is the custom of drivers of all the vehicles 
of the fire department. The front wheels of the truck, 
which are 24 feet from the rear wheels, had already safely 
passed over the bridge but there was a crash as the huge 
wheels, weighing nearly 600 pounds each, struck the plank- 
ing. The momentum of the truck carried it safely over the 
dangerous spot without much damage to the vehicle and 
none to its occupants. The total weight of the truck is 
nearly eleven tons, but because of the long distance be- 
tween the wheels, only half of this weight was on the 
bridge at one time. 

Winona Fire Auto Wrecked. 

Winona, Minn. — The auto fire truck, responding to an 
alarm in the downtown section, rounded the corner of an 
alley and entered the narrow pasageway at top speed. The 
driver lost control and the apparatus was sent at high 
speed into a telegraph pole. The front of the machine 
v. .1- wrecked. The firemen escaped. 

New Chemical Ordered. 
Bridgeport, Conn. — The contract for the purchase of a 
new chemical engine for the fire department has been 
signed by the board of contract and supply. The new- 
piece of apparatus is to lie built by James P.oyd & Brother 
of Philadelphia, and is to be delivered in this city on or 
before August IS. The cost of the machine is to he $4,800. 

Auto Truck Proves Its Advantage Over Horse Drawing. 

Schenectady. N. Y. — The paving of Wabash avenue has 
brought out the advantage an automobile truck has over 
the horse. A big White truck loaded in the New York 
Central freight yards with broken stone, took its load 
to the corner of Guilderland avenue and Wabash avenue 
in 20 minutes. This included loading and unloading. Three 
loads an hour were handled ri ' ng. The machine 

dumped the load with its own pi the gasoline engine 

lifting the so that the stone slid out. It 

would have taken six yuod teams to have kept up with one 
automobile and about twelve times as many workmen. 

Auto Fire Truck Used to Drag Streets. 
Grand Saline, Tex. — Grand Saline has found a new use for 
her auto fire truck The photograph was taken when it 
was used for dragging the streets after they had been thor- 
oughly worked and following a good rain. Great imprnvc- 

Dallaa New s 
FIRE i i;i 


ments have been made in the streets of Grand Saline in the 
past three months. More residences have been built in 
Grand Saline in the last six months than have been built 
in any one year previous and there is not a vacant dwelling 
or business house in town. 

Auto Engine in Ditch. 
Washington. D. C. — One fireman was injured and 
others narrowly escaped injury when the new No. 20 auto 
fire engine ran over a 20-foot embankment on Joliet street 
near Massachusetts avenue northwest. Assistant Engineer 
Foster was slightly injured. Lieut. Roe and Private 
Mooney. who were on the engine when it went over the 
embankment, escaped injury by jumping from the vehicle. 
The auto fire engine was recently installed at Tenleytown 
for the protection of residences extending over a large area. 
Lieut. Roe was in charge. The engine was taken out in 
order to test it on grades. Assistant Engineer Foster was 
operating the machine and Private Mooney was also on 
the engine. The auto had climbed several grades when it 
was decided to try it on Joliet street, which is a steep 
grade. The machine was just about to start up the grade 
when it suddenly became unmanageable, and before Engi- 
neer Foster could stop it the heavy engine had plunged 
over the embankment. The three men jumped from the 
machine as it was about to go over the embankment, and 
thus saved themselves from possible serious injury or death. 
The auto did not turn over after it struck the bottom of 
the ditch on the side of the roadway, but some portions 
of the engine were broken. 

Fire Apparatus Purchased for Sodus Point. 
Sodus. X. Y. — The fire commission for the resort and 
village section of Sodus Point has purchased a 30-horse- 
power gasoline fire engine, costing SI. 800. The engine 
works three lines of hose simultaneously, carrying water 
over the resort's highest buildings. In addition, 800 feet 
of hose were purchased and wherever available water will 
le pumped from the bay. The local department gave the 
ii a thorough tryout on Sand Point before a large hol- 
iday crowd. A double tank chemical engine was also pur- 
d a short time ago. This puts the fire protection 
merit of Sodus Point far in advance of any other de- 
partment in the town. The district voted $2,500 last S] 

quipment. A 4'»-year lease has been obtained on a 
small plot of land near Guild Hall and on this a fire hall 

July 17, 1913. 




Portland Under Commission Plan. 
Portland, Ore. — By virtue of the decision of the voters 
in the recent election the old form of municipal govern- 
ment in Portland will give way to the commission plan. 
H. R. Albee, an insurance man, is to be the first mayor 
under the new plan. He will serve for four years. With 
him as associates in the management of the city's business 
will be Commissioners R. G. Dieck, a well-known civil en- 
gineer; William Daly, a local leader of organized labor; 
William A. Brewster, an attorney, and C. A. Bigelow, a 

A Novel Municipal Bond Sale. 
Baltimore, Md. — A short time ago the city of Baltimore 
offered for sale 15,500,000 of its bonds. When the sealed 
bids for same were opened, it was found that only $567,900 
was subscribed for. The city awarded only $427,900 of the 
issue, being all bids of 90 or better, leaving $5,000,000 bonds 
unsold. At this opportune time appeared Mr. Channing 
Rudd, manager of the investment department of the bank- 
ing house of Alexander Brown & Sons, with a plan to dis- 
pose of the balance of this issue. The idea, which con- 
sisted briefly of selling the securities in small lots to citizens 
of Baltimore over the counter in the office of the Baltimore 
Sun. has been referred to by its author, Mr. Rudd, as "A 
Fact Romance of Finance." That the experience is worthy 
of such a name is attested by the fact that the Sun dis- 
posed of nearly one million dollars' worth of city stock in 
the nine days that the subscription books were held open, 
and the peculiar legend, "City Stock for Sale Here," was 
allowed to hang over the door to the newspaper company's 
counting room. Owing to the great interest evidenced by 
bankers, bond men and others in the novel sale and at the 
request of an associate, Mr. Rudd has prepared a pamphlet 
in which he tells the inside story of how the Sun sold over 
its counter $993,400 worth of Baltimore city bonds within 
the space of nine days. 


City Saves Money on Garbage Collection. 
Hartford, Conn. — The report of the first month's work 
in collecting garbage, ashes and waste paper under the di- 
rection of the street department, made by Superintendent 
of Streets Leon F. Peck to the board at its weekly meeting, 
indicated that the new plan was w-orking out quite satisfac- 
torily, and that the expense was not only less than in cit- 
ies of similar size, but also that the cost would be less 
than by contract. Mr. Peck said that the total cost for 
the month was $4,626.72, of which the ashes cost $3,119.72 
to remove and dump, papers cost $267, the collection of 
garbage cost $1,014.23 and the work of supervision cost 


Municipal Dock Planned. 
Portland, Ore. — Work on Portland's first municipal 
dock, which will be erected on Front street, between 14th 
and 15th streets on the west side, at a cost of $200,000 or 
$300,000, will begin by August 1. according to plans iiow 
completed by Engineer G. B. Hegardt. The building in- 
spector's office is now checking over the plans for the big 
dock. The dock will be partly a two-level and partly a 
one-level wharf, will be 1,075 feet long and 122 feet wide, 
and will be of heavy mill construction, Class B. To show 
the size of the job. the dock will require 6.000 wooden 
piles, many of which will be 60 feet long and over, each 
of which will weigh 20 tons. If built of reinforced con- 
crete, the big wharf would cost a cool million dollars. 
Many of the latest devices for the accommodation of 
ship's cargo have been incorporated in this city structure. 
A cargo mast, similar to that which is used on the vessels 
themselves will be rigged up and will be used to move the 

cargo until it is opposite the ship's hatch, from where 
it can be taken and dropped down into the hold. An- 
other device is a big power "ramp" or gangway, which can 
be raised to the level of any ship, no matter how the 
water stands. At present these ramps are lowered or 
raised by means of hand windlasses on the private docks. 
On the municipal dock it will be controlled by power, and 
can be brought to any level. Thus if the river rises the 
ramp or gangway can be raised with it, and the same ap- 
plies if the river goes down. Through the center of the 
heavy mill construction dock will be built a big concrete 

Ice Famine Threatens Bloomington, Ind. 

Bloomington, Ind. — Bloomington is in the midst of a 

real ice famine, and it is impossible for a resident to get 

ice at any price. The ice plant which makes ice at the 

rate of five cakes an hour is only supplying business men. 

Contractor Defeats Town. 

York, Me. — Important suits, in which the town of York 
i> vitally interested and which have aroused widespread 
interest since the special town meeting in York in 190o 
voted to build a bridge across the York river to Kittery, 
were decided in rescripts by Associate Justice Leslie C. 
Cornish of the Supreme Court of Maine. Judgment was 
•_;iven Edward B. Blaisdell, the contractor who built the 
bridge, for $44,537, with interest from May 13, 1913, in his 
suit against the town. Judgment for the defendants was 
^iven in the cases of the inhabitants of York against John 
C. Stewart and of Elizabeth B. Bliss against Contractor 

Mayor Orders Removal of Phones. 

Paducah, Ky. — Mayor T. N. Hazelip has ordered all of 
the East Tennessee Telephone Company's phones in the 
city departments taken out at once, owing to the litigation 
between the company and the city of Paducah over a fran- 
chise and rates. The phones were taken out of the city 
departments about two years ago, but during the flood 
they were reinstalled for the convenience of the public. 
City Solicitor Arthur Y. Martin has been instructed to 
draft an ordinance fixing the rates to be charged for busi- 
ness and residence telephones, as the absence of such an 
ordinance recently caused the suit of the city of Paducah 
against the East Tennessee Telephone & Telegraph Com- 
pany to be remanded by the United States Supreme Court. 

Railroad Gives Parks to City. 
San Angelo, Tex. — Announcement has been made of a 
gift of land valued at $30,000 to the city by tne Santa Fe 
Railway Company, and also of the gift of $10,000 as a 
maintenance fund to keep up the land, nearly 50 acres, in 
tine condition forever as parks. A part of the gift was 
three blocks of land, one to each of the ward schools, as 
playgrounds for children. Several years ago Santa Fe 
officials received a bonus of $40,000 in pledges by citizens 
for construction of a railroad from San Angelo to Sterling 
City. This bonus was promised to other parties, but in 
the meantime the Santa Fe bought the right of way. The 
money was paid, and the Santa Fe is now giving it back 
to the city in the way of parks. 

Getting Ready for City's Storehouse. 
Baltimore, Md. — Plans are being formulated for the es- 
tablishment of a municipal storehouse. The plans are be- 
ing perfected by President John Hubert of the board of 
estimates, City Comptroller Thrift and his deputy, William 
T. Childs. The proposed storehouse will be in charge of 
a general purchasing agent and a corps of assistants, all 
of whom are yet to be appointed, and from that source 
all supplies for the various municipal departments will be 
dealt out. Through the purchase of all departmental sup- 
plies in bulk, as will be the case under the storehouse 
plan, it is expected that many thousands of dollars will be 
saved the taxpayers each year. It is planned to locate the 
storehouse in the old Polytechnic Institute building, on 
Courtland street. 



Vol. XXXV, No. 3. 


A Summary and Notes of Recent Decisions 
Rulings of Interest to Municipalities 

Paving Contract — Fraud — Damages. 
Wesl II"- ! rbeck. — The measure of 

damages suffered by a municipality through the collusive 
fraud oi its engineer and a contractor, by which it was led 
lo pay t'«r pavinj e according to contract, was 

such amount as would be required to meet the cost of 
taking the paving up and relaying it according to the con- 
tract-Supreme Court of Pennsylvania, 86 A. R. 773. 

Sewage Disposal Plant — Damages. 

Moser et al. v. City of Burlington. — Where, in an action 
against a city for damages for maintaining a nuisance cre- 
ated by its sewerage system contaminating a stream the 
nee was conflicting on the questions of nuisance and 
damages, but there were tacts justifying the inference of 
the existence of an indictahlc public nuisance and of negli- 
in the operation of the sewerage plant, an instruc- 
tion that a verdict for plaintiff and an award of damages 
would operate to vest perpetually in the city the right to 
operate and maintain the system in the manner in which 
it was operated and maintained was erroneous, as a re- 
covery of permanent damages for the entire injury is al- 
lowed only on the theory that the work is carefully con- 
ducted and properly carried on, and, where there is a de- 
fault amounting to actionable negligence, there is a new- 
cause of action, and a recovery for permanent damages 
will not bar it. — Supreme Court of North Carolina, 78 
S. E. R. 74. 

Sewer Assessment District— Omitted Property. 

Aumiller et al. v. City of North Yakima. — Under Rem. 
& Bal. Code, 7, providing that the cost of a municipal im- 
provement shall be assessed on all the property in a local 
improvement district in proportion to the benefits derived 
by the improvement, an assessment for the construction 
of a subsewer was not erroneous because certain lots with- 
in the district were not assessed, in the absence of a show- 
ing that they were benefited, or that the assessing officers 
acted arbitrarily or fraudulently. — Supreme Court of Wash- 
ington, 131 P. R. 470. 

Slot Machines— Ordinances — Validity. 
Salt Lake City v. Doran. — An ordinance of Salt Lake 
City making it unlawful for any person to use within the 
city any clock, slot, or card machines on which money is 
staked, or any commodity, merchandise, or other valuable 
thing is hazarded, or as the result of the operation of which 
any merchandise or thing of value is obtained, includes a 
slot machine used by a merchant to stimulate sales, not- 
withstanding the customer was given the value of his 
money deposited in the machine in merchandise in any 
eve nt.— Supreme Court of Utah, 131 P. R. 636. 

Bridge — Injury to Adjoining Owner. 
Hieber v. City of Spokane. — Where an adjoining prop- 
erty owner sustains damage by a physical invasion of his 
property beyond the street line, or by a physical projec- 
tion over his adjoining property of the instrumentalities 
used by the city to carry on the work of constructing a 
bridge, he may restrain the prosecution of the work or 
lit it to continue and recover damages at law. — Su- 
preme Court of Washington, 131 P. R. 478. 

Sidewalk Assessments — Power to Levy, 
itherman et al- v. I I Town of Addington. — 

liich provides that "the legis- 
lature may authorize county and municipal corporations to 
,md collect assessments for local improvements upon 
property benefited thereby, homesteads included, without 
rd to a cash valuation," is not repugnant either to 
L. 1909, which confers on the board of trustees 
of cities, towns, and villages the power to "lay out, open, 

grade and otherwise improve the streets, alleys, sewers, 
sidewalks and crossings and to keep them in repair and 
to vacate the same," or to sections Comp. L. 1909, which 
provide that special taxes assessed for the purpose of im- 
proving the streets or for building or repairing sidewalks 
of the town shall be a lien on the lots or pieces of ground 
subject to the same, and specify what improvements shall 
be included in such special tax, or to Comp. L. 1909, which 
prescribe certain procedure for such special assessments; 
and these provisions were extended in force in the state 
by the terms of section 2 of the Schedule to the Constitu- 
tion, and under their terms, and the provisions of section 
10 of said schedule an incorporated town has the power 
lo levy assessments against abutting property for the pur- 
post of laying sidewalks. — Supreme Court of Oklahoma. 
132 P. R. 129. 

Injuries — Plank Walks — Presumptions. 
Town of Union v. Heflin. — No presumption of negli- 
gence arises from the happening of an accident by catch- 
ing the foot in a sidewalk plank. — Supreme Court of Mis- 
sissippi, 61 S. R. 652. 

Fire Hose — Breach of Warranty. 
Loeb et al. v. City of Montgomery. — In an action by a 
city, based on breach of warranty as to the quality of fire 
hose purchased, it was not reversible error, after correctly 
stating that the measure of damages was the purchase 
price, to add that the reason for the rule was that a de- 
fect in the hose might result in the burning of the whole 
town, especially in the absence of a request for a counter- 
charge. — Court of Appeals of Alabama, 61 S. R. 642. 

Streets — Location — Grade. 

Stern et ux. v. City of Spokane. — An abutting owner, 
being bound by the intent and purpose of the original ded- 
icator, cannot claim damages resulting from the original 
grade of the street in front of his property, the dedication 
implying an agreement of the dedicator and his successors 
in interest that the city may establish grades and improve 
streets in aid of such use. — Supreme Court of Washing- 
ton, 131 P. R. 476. 

Sewers — "Public System." 

Shute Sewerage Co. v. City of Monroe. — Under the Bat- 
tle Act enabling towns to maintain sewerage systems, but 
providing that before constructing any public system they 
should acquire either by purchase or condemnation the 
property of any system of like character constructed by 
any private or quasi public corporation then in active oper- 
ation and serving the public, a sewerage plant constructed 
by a firm of individuals, not incorporated until after con- 
struction by the city had been begun, was not within the 
term "constructed or owned by either a private or quasi 
public corporation," and its plant constructed for limited 
purpose of supplying its own buildings, though incidentally 
serving 5 or 10 per cent, of the inhabitants, was not a 
"public system," so as to require its purchase or condem- 
nation by the city. — Supreme Court of North Carolina, 78 
S. E. R., 151. 

Sidewalks — Condition. 

Griffith v. City and County of Denver. — A mere irregu- 
larity and inequality of the surface of a sidewalk is not 
such a defect as to make a city liable for injuries resulting 
therefrom. — Supreme Court of Colorado, 132 P. R. 57. 

Weights and Measures — Ordinances — Validity. 

City of Seattle v. Goldsmith. — A city ordinance making 
it unlawful to sell or have for sale commodities in pack- 
ages, boxes, etc., unless the true net weight or measure 
imped or printed thereon, is not unreasonable and 
invalid because it makes no allowance for the loss of 
ii by evaporation, since it is not unreasonable to re- 
pine the packer or manufacturer to ascertain this loss and 
nme it by increasing the size of the package or the 
weight of the commodity, to withhold his goods from the 
market until it is possible to ascertain the true net weight 
to adopt some other plan to enable the container to 
correctlv indicate the weight. — Supreme Court of Wash- 
ington, 131 P. R. 456. 

July 17, 1913. 




In Which Are Listed and Classified by Subjects All Articles Treating of Municipal Topics Which Have 
Appeared During the Past Month in the Leading Periodicals. 

It is our purpose to give in the second issue of each month a list of all articles of any length or importance which have 
appeared in ail tne American periodicals and the leading English, French and German ones, dealing more or less directly 
with municipal matters The index is kept up to date, and the month of literature covered each time will be brought up to 
within two or three days of publication. Our chief object in this is to keep our readers in touch with all the current litera- 
ture on municipal matters, in furtherance of this we will furnish any of tne articles listed in the index tor the price 
named after each article, except that where an article is continued in two or three issues of the paper, the price given is for 
eacn of said issues. In addition to the titles where these are not sufficiently descriptive or wnere the article is of suffi- 
cient importance, a brief statement of its contents is 
it is a contributed article. 

added. The length also is given, and the 

ae of the author when 


lioad Congress, Third International. 
Report. -'- pp., Surveyor, June 20, 4u 
cis.; same, 13 pp., June 27. 40 cts. 

Road Improvement Assn. Conference 
in London. 3 Vi pp., Surveyor, June 27. 

Road Making Developments. 2 pp., 
i, June 13. 40 cts. 
Practice of the City of West- 
mount. By A. Currie. 111., 5 pp., Con- 
Record, June 11. 15 cts. 

1 Road Authorities. Paper he- 
'd International Road Congress, 
by P, B. Sargeant. 2 pp. Eng. and Con- 
ag, July i». 10 cts. 
Inefficiency in Highway Construction. 
1 p.. liny. Record, June 28. 10 cts. 

Road Surfaces for Different 
Kinds of Traffic. Paper before American 
ilders' Association. By Wm. D. 
i p., Eng. News, June 12. 
Convict Lnbor in Highway Construc- 
tion. Paper before Third International 
s by J. H. Pratt. 1 % PP., 
En-_'. and Contracting, July 9. 10 cts. 
Band Claj Itomls in Butler County, 
Paper before Alabama Assn. 
of Highway Engineers. By G. C. Scales. 
% p., Engineering- & Contracting, June 
IV 10 cts. 

Macadam Road Con truction, Conclu- 
sions Regarding. Reporl of Illinois 
Highway Commission. 3' 2 pp., Canadian 
ly 3. 15 cts. 
llitiiiiiiiiiiiis Surfaces and Bituminous 
Pavements Constructed by the Mixing 
Method. Paper before Third Interna- 
tional Road Congress. By A. H. Blanch- 
ard. 4 pp., American City, July. 25 cts. 
Construction of Macadamized Roads 
Bound with Tarry. Bituminous or As- 
phaltic Materials. Reports to Third In- 
ternational Road Congress by Engineers 
from the United States. 5 pp., Engineer- 
ing- & Contracting, July 2. 10 cts. 

Bituminous Gravel Concrete Pave- 
ment Reasons for Failures of Such 
Road Surfaces. Clay Film on Gravel 
and Poorly Graded Sizes. By J. YV. 
Howard. 111. 1 page, Municipal Journal, 
June 19. Hi cts. 

Bituminous Gravel Pavements. Com- 
munication from S. J. Stewart. \' 2 p., 
Municipal Journal, July 10. 10 cts. 

Tar-spraying and Tar-Macadam in 
Situ. By Thos. Aitken. 111.. 3 pp.. Sur- 
veyor, June 20, 40 cts.; 2 pp., June 27. 
40 cts. 

Mixing Plants for Bituminous Con- 
crete. Permanent, Portable and Semi- 
portable Plants used by Contractors for 
Work on Roads in Queens Borough. By 

A. V. Gruenenthal. 3 Vi pp., Municipal 
Journal, July 10. 10 cts. 

Experimental Concrete Road, Chevy 
111., 1% pp., Engineering Record, 
June 2,8. 10 cts. 

Concrete Pavement and Methods of 
Construction. By S. T. Moore and W. 

B. P. Warren. 2 pp., Engineering & Con- 
tracting. July 9. 10 cts. 

Concrete Pavements, Specifications of 
id of Local Improvements. Chi- 
cago, 111. l'i pp.. Engineering & Con- 
tracting, June 25. in its 

Dnrax Pavement in the Brooklyn Navy 
Yard. First Pavement of the Kind to 
I in the United States. By W. H. 
Allen. 111., 2 pp., Municipal Journal, 
1 'l. 10 cts. 
llrlek Roads, Uncle Sam's Experi- 
mental. 111., 1'- pp., Clav- Worker, June. 
20 cts. 

Brick-paved Roads in Ohio. 111., 
! iy-Worker, May. 20 cts. 
Brick Paving Cost Data. By C. A. 
Bingham. 111. '• p., Municipal Journal, 
June 19. in cts. 

Wood Block Pavement in the United 
States. Paper before Third Interna- 
tional Road Congress. By G. W. Till- 
son. 3 pp., Engineering & Contracting, 
July 2. 10 cts. 

Automobiles and Macadam Mainte- 
nance. Figures from Experience in .New 
Bedford, Mass. By cnas. F. Lawion, 
Supt. ot StPeets, ",i p.. Municipal Jour- 
nal, June la. 10 cts. 

Maintenance of County Roads in Dun- 
dee District. By J. B. Robertson. 2% 
pp., Surveyor, June 13. 40 cts. 

Repair and Maintenance of Macadam 
Roaas. From Bulletin U. S. Ottice of 
Public Roads. By L. I. Hewes. 3 pp.. 
Engineering & Contracting, June 11. 10 
pp.. Engineering & Contracting, 
June Is. 10 cts. 

.Maintenance of Sheet Asphalt Pave- 
ments. Lecture before students of Co- 
lumbia University. By F. B. Smith. 2 
pp., Engineering & Contracting, June 11. 
10 cts. 

Asphalt Repairs in St. Paul. % p., 
Municipal Journal, July 10. 10 cts. 

Uunrryiug with City Prisoners. Sup- 
plying Broken St>. Cor Road and Con- 
crete Work. Experience at Louisville. 
Ky. By G. D. Crain, Jr. 111., 1% pp., 
Municipal Journal, July 3. 10 cts. 

Paving Inspectors. Instructions of the 
Bureau of Highways, Queens Bureau, 
N. Y. 3 pp.. Engineering <fc Contracting, 
June 11. 10 cts. 

Inspectors of Paving Work. Instruc- 
tions of the Board of Local Improve- 
ments, Chicago, 111. 1 p., Engineering & 
Contracting, June 25. 10 cts. 

Street Development, An Idea of. 111., 
% p., Municipal Journal, July 10. 10 cts. 

Trees in Public Streets. Expert's Re- 
port to Camberwell Borough Council. 
% p.. Surveyor, June 6. 40 cts. 
"Method Used in Laying Street Pave- 
ment in St. Johns, B. C. By D. S. Hauer. 
111., ZVz pp.. Pacific Builder & Engineer, 
June 2S. 15 cts. 

Computations, Paving Earthwork. 
Diagrams Used for Computing Volume 
of Excavation for Street Paving. Using 
Various Forms of Field Notes. By F. C. 
Snow. 111., 2'- pp.. Municipal Journal, 
June 19. 10 cts. 

Concrete Foundations for Tracks at 
Street Crossings. From paper before 
American Railway Engineering Associa- 
tion. B>- Mr. Campbell. 111., % p., Engi- 
neering News, June 12. 15 cts. 


Sanitation of Flood-stricken Towns 
and Cities. By L. L. Lumsden. 111., 29 
pp., Public Health Reports, June 13. 

Ground Water Infiltration Into Sew- 
ers. 1% pp., Engineering & Contract- 
ing, June 11. 10 cts. 

Sewage Sludge Problem and Its Solu- 
tion. By J. Grosman. 1 p., Surveyor, 
June 13. 40 cts. 

Sewage Puriiieation. By F. H. Tib- 
betts. 111., 5 pp., Municipal Engineering, 
Julv. 25 cts. 

Aeration as an Aid to Filtration of 
Sewage. Bv H. W. Clark and G. O. 
Adams. % p., Engineering Record, June 
28. 10 cts. 

Columbus, Ohio, Sewage Disposal 
Plant. 111., 6 pp., Municipal Engineering, 
June. 25 cts. 

Water Supply and Sewerage Problems. 
By W. M. Edwards. 111.. 5 pp., Contract 
Record, June 25. 15 cts. 

Sewnge-Pollution Decision in Michi- 
gan. % p., Engineering Record, June 28. 
10 cts. 

Permissible Dilution of Sewage. Pa- 
per before Western Society of Engi- 
neers. By G. W. Fuller. 4 pp.. Canadian 
Engineer, June 19. 15 cts. 

Structural Features of the Sewage 
Treatment Works. Fitehburg, Mass. 111., 
4 pp., Engineering & Contracting, June 
25. 10 cts. 

Sewer Work in Fitehburg. Cost of 
Construction and Maintenance. 1 p., 
Municipal Journal, June 26. 10 cts, 

Six-foot Concrete Storm Water Sewer 
in Webb City, Mo. By E. W. Robinson, 
1 p., Engineering & Contracting, July 
9. 10 cts. 

Jones Falls Stream Improvement, Bal- 
timore, Md. By J. J. Frederick. 111., 2 
pp., Engineering & Contracting, July a. 
1" cts. 

Sinking a Sewage Pump Well in Silt 
in El Paso. 111., -; 3 P-. Engineering Rec- 
ord, June 14. 10 cts. 

Milk. Confiscation of, by Health De- 
partment. % p., Municipal Journal, 
June 2G. 10 cts. 

liulis nuil Regulations of the Ohio 
■aid of Health for the Re-estab- 
lishment of Sanitary Conditions in the 
Flooded Districts of the State. V4 p.. En- 
gineering & Contracting, July a. 10 cts. 

State Laws and Regulations Pertain- 
ing to Public Health. 8 pp., Public 
Health Reports, June 20. 

Municipal Ordinances, Rules and Reg- 
ulations Pertaining to Public Health. IS 
pp., Public Health Reports, June 13; 11 
pp., June 20; 18 pp., June 27. 


Water System, Catskill. By D White. 
111. 28 pp., Bulletin. June. 10c. 

The Completion of the Los Angeles 
Aqueduct. By B. A. Heinly. 111., 11% pp., 
Eng. News, June 19. 15 cts. 

Portland Water Works. 111., % p., 
Municipal Journal, June 19. 10 cts. 

Wakefield Corporation Water Works. 
Bv C. C. Smith. 111., 2 pp., Surveyor, 
June 20. 40 cts. 

Extension to Water System of Ridge- 
ly, Aid. By C. A. Bryan. 1 p., Eng. & 
Contracting, July 2. 10 cts. 

Moose Jaw Water Supply System. 111., 
Eng. Record, June 21. 10 cts. 

Report on Allentown Water Supply. 
i.. p., Eng. Record, June 21. 10 cts. 
"Minneapolis Water Supply and Of- 
ficials. By W. R. Young. 111., 2; 2 pp., 
Fire & Water, June IS. 10 cts. 

Memphis Water Department Notes. >4 
p., Municipal Journal, July 3. 10 cts. 

Harrisburg Water Works Notes. % 
p.. Municipal Journal, June 19. 10 cts. 

Water Works Statistics Supplement- 
ing Table in Municipal Juurnal June 12. 
3 pp., Municipal Journal, July 3. 10 cts. 

Water Supply of Jersey. By A. J. 
Jenkins. 111., 4 pp.. Surveyor, June 13. 
40 cts. 

Air-Lift Pumping at Houston. % P-, 
Municipal Journal, June 19. 10 cts. 

Pumps, Design and Operating Feat- 
ures of Motor Driven. By C. A. Carpen- 
ter. 111., 1V> PP-, Electrical World, July 
14. 10 cts. 

Works for Utilizing the Flow of a 
Spring for Pumping and Water Supply 
at Ada, Okla. By E. E. Harper. 111., 2 
pp., Eng. & Contracting, July 2. 10 cts. 

Tunnel, Construction of Aqueduct in 
New York City. 111., 4 pp., Eng. & Con- 
tracting, June 18. 10 cts. 

Filling a Tunnel Cave-in by the Hy- 
draulic Method. By D. F. McLeod. HI., 
1 p., Eng. News, June 19. 15 cts. 

Shaft and Tunnel River Crossing for 
Pipe Lines at Fort William, Ontario 
Water Works. 111., Vz P., Eng. & Con- 
tracting, June 25. 10 cts. 

Reservoir Design, Utility and Attract- 
iveness in Economic. By Alexander 
Potter. 111., 4 pp., American City, July. 

Concrete Lining With Felt Water- 
proofing, Eden Park Reservoir, Cincin- 
nati, Ohio, Water Works. 111., % p., 
Eng. & Contracting, June IS. 10 cts. 

Improvements in Georgetown Reser- 
voir. Novel Form of Reinforced Con- 
crete Baffle Wall. 111., 1 p., Eng. & Con- 
tracting, June 11. 10 cts. 

Reforestation and General Care of 
Watersheds. Paper before the Ameri- 
can Waterworks Assn. Bv E. M. Peck, 
1 p., Eng. & Contracting, July 2. 10 cts. 



Vol. XXXV, No. 3. 

> iy bj U .it- p., Mu- 

Joumal, Jum 
«. round w atez 

tore the 
a Waterworks A 

Hindi. ;. 


n Experimen- 
tal Wan i ep u ell .1 1 
Kockford, 111 111., . 
PP., Ell oti [1 

n. —.1 1 ..11. Settling. 

B) J. U . Eilms. Jll.. 2V4 pp., Ei. 
• •1.1. .lum- 21. 1.' 

inalysea, Reasons rting Wa- 

ter in ionic form In Parts per -Million. 
By It. B. Doll ord, June 

81. Hi cts. 

81 nr. '1 ecautions to Prol 1 

shed of 11 Cltj Water Supply Dur- 
ing the Cons; trie Rail- 
1 Water 
Commissioner, Springfield, Mass. % p., 
News, J in.. 
"•■•■inn How 1 Anchor 
aditions. Bj i W. Smith. 111., 
News, June 19. IS cts. 
Artificial Controls for S 
Stan. .I..- Bj 1 

News, June - 
Dam, 1 Pill, Califor- 

Civil Engineers, ill., 114 pp., Enu. News, 
12. 16 cts. 
Filtration Plant, 

the Minneapolis Water. By W. 
N. Jones. Ill . i pp., Eng. & Contract- 
ing, June 11. lu cis. 

Construction •>! Mechanical Water 
Filtration Plant at .Minneapolis. Minn. 
By \v. N. Jones. 9 pp., Eng. & C 
ing, June 25. 10 els. 

Methods of Rapid Sand Filtration. By 
G. A. Johns. .11. 1J4 pp., Canadian Engi- 
.hine 19. IS CtS. 
Grand Rapids Filtration Plant. By L 
1). Cutcheon. 111., 7 pp., -Municipal En- 
ing, July. 25 
ra Falls Filter Plant. Coagulat- 
-.11, Filters and Filtered Water 
Reservoir, Mixing and Applying Chemi- 
cals. HI., 4 pp., Muncipal Journal, June 

26. 1U cts. 

"Turning Up" the .Minneapolis Filter 
Plant. 111., i'j pp.. En s . Record, June 

21. Hi cts. 

A Travelling Filter-Sand Agitator at 
South Bethlehem, Pa. 111., 2 pp., June 
19. 15 cts. 

Pressure Filtration Plant at Halley- 
bury, out. 111., 2 pp.. Canadian Engi., 
July 3. 15 cts. 

1'urlilcation, Water. By C. C. Smith. 
Presidential Address before Institution 
..1 Water Engineers. 3% pp., Surveyor, 
J une 5. 4o cts. 

Ozone u ater Purification. 1 p., Mu- 
nicipal Journal, July 3. 10 cts. 

Application of Ozone to 'Water Puri- 
with a special Reference to Eu- 
ports of the New- 
York State Dept. of Health. By Russell 
- 1 p., Eng. & Contracting, June 
Disinfection of Lake -Michigan Water 
ilcium Hypochlorite at Wauke- 
gan, Bake Forest and Winnetka. 1 p., 
Eng. & Contracting, June IS. 10 cts. 

Elimination of Taste in 1 
Drinking Water. Paper before Illinois 
Water Supply Assn. By Dr. A. Lederer. 
-'; PP., Canadian Knur.. July 3. 15 CtS. 

Efficiency Of Coagulating Basins, Ex- 
perience at St. Bonis. .Mo. 1' 3 pp., Eng. 
' June 21, lu cts. 
Reservoir Storage in Relation to 
Stream Flow. By W. .1. E. Binnie and 
11. Lackworth. 111. 1 pp., Su 
June 20. 40 cts. 

Failure of the Reservoir at Johnson 

City, Term. By C. C. Hopkins. % p., 

i. June 14. 

i h.- i. rent ii ■.:■ mlic Principle, or How 

to .Mak, Englneei In i b Hold 

\\ at. r. From i i before 

i\ ii Engini - 
Q L ■ » j l man June 12. 

1 5 cts. 

Main, i ii Water Connec- 

tion Into a 20-in. Tee. ill., I p.. Eng. 
\. w s, June 19. 16 ■ 

Bri ah in a 42-inch Force 
Duluth. By E. W. Cell: 

Water Heten ties. 'a 

p.. .Municipal Journi i.i cts. 

Paper bi Works 

I Lofton. 1 p. Eng & 
Contracting, Julv 9. 

Bj H. M. Lof- 

10 cts. 

\\nier Works laaoclatlOBa Kcminis- 

cent of .1. ii Diven 

6 pp., i . June is. lo cts 

-Municipal Journal. June 19. 10 cts. 

ks Appurten- 
irnal, June 19. 

Inalyses, and Non-Essential 

neral Run of 

D Watel 

Works A. Johnson. 111., 5 

pp . En rig, July 9. 10 cts. 

Valuation tei Works Undertak- 

Vluniclpal Authori- 

Sllcock. - } ■■ pp., Surveyor, 

June 12. 10 cts. 

Wniir Waste on. Paper be- 

tore a i rks Assn. By 

E. M. DeVarona. 111.. S pp., .Municipal 

1. July 3. 10 
Materials, Hauling for I onstruction of 

111.. 1 p., Eng. i: Contracting, June 18. 10 

i lassillcatton of War Consumption 
in Milwaukee, Wis. From Annual Re- 
port, .Milwaukee Water Works. % p., 
Eng. -V.-ws, June 26. 1" cts. 



Municipal Lighting Plant. Pasadena. 
HI, 7 pp., .Municipal Engineering, July. 
26 cts. 

Jhal Municipal Electric Depart- 
p, Far Eastern Review, April. 

Are I. nmp in Street Lighting — Past 
and Present By J. A. Corcoran. 111., 4 
pp.. Lighting Journal. June. 10 cts. 

Cost of Manufacturing Current in Six 
.Medium-Sized . Stations. Bv E. 

F. Lathrop. 1 p.. Electrical Review, *Julv 
". 10 cts. 

Kates in Seattle, Wash.. Electric. By 
Glenn Marston. 111., 3 pp.. Public Ser- 
vice. July 25. 

Policies of the National Elec- 
iit Assn. Report by Samuel In- 
sult. !'!•; pp.. Public Service, July 25. 

National Electric Light Association, 
i of the 36th convention, Chi- 
cago, 111. 214 pp., Eng. .News, June 12. 
15 cts. 

Ilj ilro-Rlectrie Work at Grand Falls, 
D. J. Hauer. 111., 4% pp., Con- 
tra, tor. June 15. -0 cts. 

Generation and Transmission of Hy- 
dro-electric Power. Commercial Oppor- 
tunities for the Utilization of Water 
Power. By E. A. Lof. 6 pp.. Engineering 
Mag., July. 25 cts. 

Raystown Hydro-electric Plant. 111., 
2 pp., Eng. Record, June 2s. 10 cts. 

Illumination and Wiring. Bv J. R. 
Cravath. % p. Electrical World. July 

Gas Service, Bureau of Standards, 
Rules for. 2 pp., Amer. Gas Light Jour- 
nal, June 16. 10 cts. 

Gas VS. Electricity for the Lighting 
of Buildings. 2 pp., Amer. Gas Light 
Journal, June 16. 10 cts. 

Substation of Stockholm Municipal 
System. 111., 4 pp.. Electrical World. Julv 
14. 10 cts. 

Contractor. Electricity for the. By G 
I 1 -' PP., Contractor, June 15. 
20 cts 

Electric Power for Quarries. Gravel 
ind Contract Work. Report to 
National Electric Light Association. 114 
pp., Eng. News, June 19. 15 cts. 


Hotor Apparatus and Fire Protection. 

1 A. J. Aungst. l> 2 pp., Fire & 
Water, June 11. 1 

Standplpe System, practical Fire Test 
of, in the Woolworth Building, New York 
City. 111., 2% pp.. Fire & Water, June 
11. 10 

Fire Hydrant Spacing. 14 p.. Munici- 
1 irnal, June L'.l. lu cts. 

Training School. St. Petersburg, for 
Fire Chiefs. By Win. Sheperdson. 111.. 
5 pp., Amer. City. - 


< Imriei Problems, Small City. Paper 

•eague of Washington Munici- 

\ McGulre. '-, p., Pacific 

.. June 28. 15 cts. 
I).. u ogrei -ins l"ii 

. city. July, 
Municipal Indebtedness 
'; p.. Municipal Journal, July 10. 10 cts 

1 Aspcts of the - 

Municipal Hon. Is. By A. I. 11 

i 'i pp.. Amer. city. 2:, 

Legislation Affecting Public Utilities. 
By II V. Bo?.. 11. :: pp., Public - 
July. 23 cts. 

um in Legislative Meth- 
ods. By H. G. A. Brauer. 3 pp.. Pacific 
Builder .*c Engi-., June 28. 16 cts. 

Rule for the Cities of Pennsyl- 

Paper Prepared for Legislative 

• • Bureau By J H. Fertig and 

F. M. Hunter. l' L . pp.. Chicago Legal, June 28. 10 cts. 

New l..wa Municipal Laws. 214 pp., 

a .Municipalities, Julv. 25 cts. 
Franchise -Negotiation*. Politics In 
Controversies over. By J. H. Dunkel. 2 
pp., Public Service, July. 2.". cts. 

Efficiency in Municipal Government. 
By H. M. Rice. - - pp., Frost's Magazine, 

of Municipal 
Employees. 1 p., Eng. Record, June 14. 

Why the .Municipal office Needs Mod- 
ern System. By E. H. Oilman. 111., 6 
pp., Municipal Engineering. Juiy i 

lt»tc-mukiiig. Various Phases of Mu- 
nicipal Frankly Discussed. 1 '■> pp. Elec- 

a, juij :.. in .-ts 

i iation. Determination of. Bv G. 
Id, 2 pp., Public Service, Julv. 25 
• ■ts. 

issessment ol Real Estate. Report of 

nmittee of the Fifth National 

Ce on Stat.- and Local Taxation. 

- I'lr. Canadian Municipal Journal, June. 

15 cts. 

Tax, Not ., Single. By C. T. Root. 3 
pp.. Amer. city. 25 

Glasgow's Municipal Philosophy. By 
Frank Putnam. 3 pp., American Munici- 
palities. July, it, 

Land Tax Method of Raising Funds 
for the Park and Boulevard System, 
Kansas City, Mo. 1 p.. Eng. & Contract- 
ing. June 18. 10 cts. 

Home Rule and Taxation. Paper be- 
fore League of Washington Municipali- 
ties. By Jesse Davis. >■> p.. Pacific 
Builder & Engi., June 2s. 15 cts. 


Collection and Disposal in Winnetka ! 
and Glencoe, Report on Refuse. Bv S 
A. Greeley. 1 p., Eng. & Contracting. 
Julv 9. 10 cts. 

Cans, Rustic Waste. 111., i 4 p., Munici- 
pal Journal, June 20. lo cts. 


Railroads, The City and Its. Bv M. R. 
Maltbie. 2 pp., Real Estate News. June. 
25 cts. 

Self-propelled Tramway Cars. In- 
vestigation and Report of Edinburgh 
Council Committee. 1\~- pp., Surveyor, 
June 6. 40 cts. 

Traction Conditions, Unusual in Pitts- 
burgh. By W. C. Jenkins. 111., 5 pp., Pub- 
lic Service, July. 25 cts. 

Valuation of the Kansas City Trac- 
tion Line. 7 pp., Eng. & Contracting, 
July 2. 10 cts. 

CuHert. Waterman Ave. over River des 
Peres. St. Louis, Mo. Bv C W. -Martin. 
111.. 1' 2 p., Eng. News, June 12. 15 cts. 

Terminal Projects at Chicago, Munici- 
pal Participation in Railway. 1 p., Eng. 
News, June 12. 15 cts. 


Specifications) Application of. Presi- 
dential address before Am. S >c. for Test- 
ing Material. By R. W. Hunt. -s. p., 
.cord, June 2S. 10 cts. 
t'emeut Tests Discussed at Convention 
of Society for Testing Materials. 4 pp., 
Cement Era, July, lo cts. 

Results of Autoclave Tests for Ce- 
ment. Paper before Amer. Societv for 
Materials. By H. J. Force. 2 
pp. Cement Era, July, lo cts. 

Disintegration of Cement Mortars by 
Alkali Salts. Mine Water Acids and 
Lubricating Oils. l u pp., Eng. & Con- 
tracting, June 25. lu cts. 

Laboratory Test of Concrete Disin- 
'. by Alkaline Salts and Sea 
Water. From Bulletin Bureau of Stan- 
dards. I 1 -.- P-, Eng. & Contracting, June 
Action of Alkali and Sea Water on 
Cements. 1 p.. Eng. Record. June 21. 10 

iiri.ige. Four-Span Reinforced Con- 
ck Plate Girder. 111.. 2 pp.. Eng. 
& Contracting, July 9. 10 

Uiutment of Reinforced 
Concrete for a Street Bridge at South 
Lorain, Ohio. By T. L Gibson, 111., l p., 
& Contracting, July 9. lo cts. 
simple Trusses, General Method of 
Drawing Influ. - for stress in. 

By M A. Howe. 111.. I'-., pp., Eng. News. 
June 12. 15 cts. 

Waste Liquor From Sulphite Pulp 
Mills. By W. O. Walker. 2'. pp.. chem- 
ine. 26 cts. 

July 17, 1913. 



Cement Block Ordinance at Milwau- 
kee; =i p.. Cement Era, July lu cts. 

Lend, Corrosion of. By R. H. Gaines. 
1% pp., Eng. Record, June 21. 10 cts. 

Paints, Practical Test of Metal Pro- 
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Eng. Record, June 14. lu cts. 


City Planning, Beginning and PJnd of. 
Paper before Fifth Oregon Conference. 
By E. F. Lawrence. 1 p., Pacific Builder 
& Engr., June 28. 15 cts. 

Jersey City's Notable City i'lanning. 
By Ross Arlington. 2 pp., Town De- 
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The City Scientific. By G. B. Ford. 3 
pp., Town Development, June. 25 cts. 

Housing- Problems and Restrictions in 
Large Cities. Report of E. P. Goodrich 
and G. B. Ford to Newark. X. J., City 
Plan Commission. 1 p.. Eng. Record. 
June 14. 10 its. 

Our Earliest Civic Center. By Thus. 
Brabazon. 10 pp., Architectural Record, 
July. 25 cts. 

Reconstructed Dundee. By A. H. Mill- 
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Library, Municipal Reference in To- 
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Julv. 25 cts. 

New York Municipal Referem 
rarv. 'i p., Municipal Journal. July 3. 
10 cts. 

Municipal Markets in Ti 
to the Cost of Living. By Cyrus C. Mill- 
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emv of Political and Social Science, July. 
Si. mi. 

i-ui.ii, Markel >1 Johanm sburg, 111 
', p., Municipal Journal, July :!. In cts. 

Problems, Some Tendencies and, of the 

Daj and the Relation of the 

, Thereto. Presidential address 

Swain before Am. Soc. C. E. 

i pp., Eng. News, June 26. 15 cts.; 3 pp., 

Eng. Record, .Inn- 28 10 cts. 

Ethics, Suggesti I I ■" ■ 
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June ll'. 15 Cts. 

Finnic and Indexing System for Bos 
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II .1 s, I'/i p., Eng. News. Juni 26 15 


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Riehn d. B: C, P Welle,-, i; pp . Play- 

ground, July. 

Laporte's New Park, 111. : , p. Munici- 
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What of the Boy? \ i lonsti uction Ex- 
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Contractors, Contracts tor. '_• p., Mu 
Dlcipal Journal, July 10. 10 cts. 

Notes on the Proper Select Ion 
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i -., i,i,> to Accommodate 111 La boi ei ■ 
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ical Method for Following Up 
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111., 6 pp., Eng. Ma - J illy. 25 cts. 

■ t r u c t i o n Contracts Re 
Committee of American Societj 
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Journal, July 1 0. 1 

Coal, Purchase of Under Specification 
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Students, Positions for Highway En- 
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Itivcr Bank Protection at St. Louis, 
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uly. 25 cts. 

Smokeless Combustion on Locomo- 
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• i and Harvard Uni- 
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| cts. 

Inlernati I Municipal League, 14 p., 

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Campaigns, Two Epoch-Making in 
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Calendar of Meetings. 

July 15-17. 

—Thirteenth Annual Convention, Saskatoon, 
3ask. W. D. Lighthall. Hon. Secretary-Treas- 
urer, 305 Quebec Bank Bldg.. Montreal, Can- 
July 21-26. 

Annual Convention, Perry. 
July 22-25. 

TIES. Annual Convention, Neenah, Wis. 
August 5-8. 

TION. — Annual Convention, Brockton. 
August 19-22. 

Annual Convention, Watertown, N. Y. 
August 25-30. 


ON SCHOOL HYGIENE. Buffalo, N. Y. Dr. 

Thomas A. Storry, Secretary General, Col- 
lege of the City of New York. 
August 26-28. 

SOCIATION — Seventeenth Annual Meeting. 
Cedar Point, O. — R. P. Brlcker. Secretary, 
Shelby, O. 
September 1-6. 

ENGINEERS. Forty-first Annual Convention, 
Grand Central Palace, New York City. James 
McFall. Secretary. Roanoke, Va. 
September 9-13. 

TION. — Annual Convention. Colorado Springs, 
Col. — S. M. Gunn, secretary, 755 Boylston 
street. Boston. Mass. 
September 111-12. 

CIATION— Annual Convention. Philadelphia. 
Pa. Willard Kent, Secretary, Narragansett 
Pier, R. I. 
September 29-Oetober 4. 

Annual Convention, Detroit. Mich. J. E. 
Pennybacher, Secretary, Washington, D. C. 
October 7-10. 

PROVEMENTS.— Twentieth Annual Meeting, 
Wilmington. Del. — A. Prescott Folwelt. Secre- 
tary. 50 Union Square. New York City. 
November 10-15. 

TION.— Meeting St. Louis. Mo. John H. Bank- 
head, president; J. A. Rountre. secretary 10"1 
Brown-Marx Building. Birmingham, Ala. 
December 9-12. 

TION. — Annua] Convention. First Regiment 
Armory, Philadelphia. Pa. E. L. Powers. Sec- 
retary, 150 Nassau street. New York City 

Third International Road Congress. 

The following are the resolutions 

adopted by the Congress, 1. Ion, June 

23-28. The resolutions contain the main 
conclusions as slum ,1 1... pa pers pre- 
sented Thi abstracts Incorpoi 
' in 1 ' solution were made bj official re- 
porters, each topic being handl 

Planning New Streets and Roads. 

1. As a general principle, it is better 

'. main roads be constructed to 
pass outside rather than through towns, 
and that, where an existing main road 
passing through a town is unsatisfac- 
tory for through traffic, it is often bet- 
ter, in preference to widening an exist- 
ing narrow main road through the cen- 
ter of a town, new road imMiil be 
planned according to the principles of 
the science of town planning. 

2. Gradients on new roads should be 
as easy as possible, having r, ■. 

the physical character of the country 
through which they pass, and they 
should be easier whei curves, 

trams, or a preponderance of heavy 

3. The radii of curves in roads used 
by fast traffic should 

the best possible and an unob- 
structed view-, and that where this is 

slide, the curve b 
radius, means should 
vided whereby the approach thereto is 
in some way clearly indicated. 

ept where it is possible to pro- 
vide special reserved spaces. tram 
tracks are best placed in the centre of 

the roads, and that where so plai 
desirable to provide space on either side 
for two tracks for vehicles. 

5. Tin main traffic roads should be so 

1 provided for 

tram tra :ks, fast and slow traffic, and 
standing vehicles; and in such a was 
that they can proceed without unduly 
intermixing. In fixing building lines 
along what may ultimately become main 
roads, regard should be paid to ulti- 
mate requirements. Adequate space 
should be provided between the build- 
ings, and powers for enforcing this 
should be held by all authorities who 
decide the width of roads. 

6. That the planning of main road 
communication outside towns should be 

undertaken; it is a matter of 
national importance in regard to which 
some initiative should test with a cen- 
tral State authority, and the action of 
local authorities should to some extent 
ti" regulated or supervised by central 
state authorities. 

Types of Surfacing tor Bridges, Via- 
ducts. Etc. 

1. The choice of road surfacing tor 

depends on the nature and in- 
of the traffic, the local condi- 

I - such as permissible first cost 

kinds of material readily available, and 
climate. For light bridges the choice 
is largely influenced by the weight of 
the surfacing. Public safety and con- 
venience should be first regarded rather 
than questions Of comparative rust, 

-' I'n short bridges in town or country 
it is desirable that the surfacing should 
be the same as that on the adjoining 
streets or roads. 

3. In forming the roadway on bridges, 
special care should be taken to secure 
proper drainage, and to prevent the 
harmful percolation of water. With lon- 
ial gradients of at least 1 In 50. 
the cross section of the surface may be 
made nearly flat and the dead load thus 

: -III, .1 

1 general rule, the surfacing of 
a bridge should be waterproof, capable 

"I 1 ' SiSl •• lo wear, durable. .1 ml , 

a weighl appropriate to the structure 
of the bridge; it should be as smooth 
as possible without being slippery. 

■"'- Plank surfacing on bridges is light. 

Hill Us BrSl ioSt iS lOW. ItS eost of 

maintenance is. however, excessive, ex- 
cept where tin' traffic is light. Its ex- 
r 1 .711.. liability to damage by tin- is a 
serious disadvantage. It should not he 
Ldopted, 1 mi pi in remote districts in 
which the].- is an abundance of cheap 
rid '.in-:' .i more desi rn hie form 
of surfacing is not easily obtainable 
Single plank Boors are only suitable I'm 
very light traffic. For moderate or 
heavy traffic, two layers of planking. 
the lower of which is creosoted 01 
otherwise protected from rapid decay, 
should be used. 

w acadam, or ordinary broken stone 
surfacing, on timber planking, is not 
always satisfactory on account of its 
eight and its permeability. Mac- 
adam is. however, quite satisfactory for 
massive bridges in rural districts, if the 
substructure has a proper damp course. 
Macadam, bound with tar. or other 
oof and elastic material, is use- 
ful and economical for the surfacing of 
rural bridges with moderate traffic, 
when the spans are short or the struc- 
ture is massive. 

8. Wood block paving, 3 to 5 inches 
thick, is an ideal surfacing for bridges 
in most cases. It is light and durable 
and can be laid on concrete, or, when 
weight must be minimized, on a timber 
-11I' it"",, which should be creosoted. 
Spei should be taken in the se- 
lection, treatment and laying of wood 
blocks for bridge paving, to avoid 
troubles due to expansion and contrac- 
tion of the blocks or of the metal struc- 

!i. Asphalt, in various forms, is an 
i surfacing material for bridges 
with easy gradients, on which the traffic- 
is not confined to definite lines or very 

10. Stmic paving, carried out either 
1 dinary hand-dressed setts or 
ill setts (Durax; Kleinpflaster). 
1 rete and bound with cement 
or pitch, makes excellent and economi- 
cal surfacings for bridges with heavy 
traffic. However, it is only suitabli in 
cases « here questions of the weight of 
the surfacing or of noise are of no im- 
portance. The thickness of the layer of 



Vol. XXXV, No. 3. 

sand fnterposi the sets and 

til.- foundation wil i in the 

same way ;is with 

way In tow n 

1 1 For mo i nd for non- 
ritclil SI 

Bhould l" li I 

the bridge platf Thi trials made 

in Fr;i!i lum « i I li old 

e\ en li si i "St. :m<i with 

n nli tarrj . i luminous or 
asphal encour- 

Hethoda ..i Llg-atlaa- 
1. For the purposi aeral de- 

termination of methods "f lighting, 
highways ma divided 

Into three classes as follows: 

nportant streets in cities, towns 

or other urban areas In whlcb the traf- 

i dark Is considerable in volume. 

1 2 i Important Bubti iads In the 


(3) Rural roads In open country, and 

regard to modern conditions of 

traffic it is essential that adequate 

ol fixed lights should 

be proT Ided in classes l 

ii As a general principle In thi 

all highways which require to 

'.-.1 by means of fixed lights, the 

I of lighting !•• i"' adopted should 

!»■• such as will provide an Illumination 

.is uniform and free from glare 

sible. The amount of Illumination and 

mined with : 

HI. It would be impracticable to 
light rural ros 

• rally by similar methods to those 

in urban streets or suburban 

nid the lighting of vehicles run- 

l1 night 

if the highest Impo 

IV. Every vehicle whether standing 
or moving, should carry a light of suf- 
ficient power at night which can, except 
when specially authorized, be seen from 

r as well as from the front of 
the vehicle. 

Ivery motor car must carry, after 

II two lighted lamps in front and 
one at tlie hack: if it is able to move at 
a high speed it must be fitted in front 
with a headlight of sufficient illuminat- 
ing power to light up the road or path 

: fifty yards to the front. In in- 
babited places, where the ordinary 
lighting is sufficient to allow n 

their way and to be easily seen, 
the light of the headlights must be lim- 
ited to that of the ordinary lamp. 

V. It is desirable that all obstacles 
across a road, such as gates, and par- 
ticularly prates at railway level cross- 

i odd be painted white and in 
other colors in alternate parts, and il- 
ted by fixed lights which are 
lighted at dusk. 

ii is desirable to paint white or 

indicate by some other method all dan- 

nal posts, direction posts and 

other posts, milestones, wheel kerbs. 

other special 

the Indication of which would 

aid travellers, or conduce to the safety 

and convenience of the traffic. 

VI. One and the same color should be 

11 y adopted as the color for dan- 
. nals. 
The meeting;, on the proposal of Mr. 
Chaix, unanimously adopted the follow- 
ing resolution: 

• ii is desirable that each govern- 
ment Bhould do away as soon as pos- 
sible with colored lights on automo- 

< In the prop ' sez, the 

adopted the following resolu- 
tions, with two dissentients: 

"Th< s the wish 

that made to 

1 drivers of herds of cattle to 
Bhow a light at night." 
< iiiiHCM of Wear and of Deterioration of 
I Weather conditions an 
most powerful Influences which cause 
be minimized 
ooflng of the road 
with suitable drainage for the 

2. Any considerable volume of traffic, 
consisting of either hi avy motor vehicles 
or high speed light motor cars, has a 
serlouslj I on water- 

bound macad i i image 

1 ■ 


■ung portion? .if the vehicle, the 

continuity of action of the Brakes; the 

the types of tyres 
employed, the diameter of tin- whi 
width of the rims, variation of speed, 
3. Thi ol heavy motor 

i by the us.' 
ter; tyres of a 
width properly adapted t.. the v. t 
the axle load; mi. stlc tyres 

and suitable springs, and that 
means of reduclni 
caused by such vehicles should 

1 Light motor i does not 

US O] 
in the case of properly made 
i n prop- 
erly treated or bound with tarry, bitu- 
minous or asphaltlc Ecept In 
sharp curves. 

As regards horse-drawn vehicl 

i.i study the relations be- 
load, width ol diameter 

of wheels, and. more especially, the sys- 
i. in 1. 1' sli'.eiiiL: horses. It is also neces- 
sary that power should be given to local 
authorities to prevent the deposit of 
rom the fields and earth upon the 
by the wheels of agricultural 

5. There is still a great lack of precise 
information in regard to the various 

ways, and it is desirable to oollect more 
liled on carefully de- 
vised scientific methods standardized as 
possible for the purposes of com- 
and to make further sysl 
of these causes. 

Regulations for Flint nml Slow Traffic. 

1. That all regulations for the control 

traffic should he based on the 

principle of allowing the speed practic- 

each different kind of vehicle 

m with public safety, general 

convenience, and the normal wear of the 


2. That regulations for the conduct of 
fast and slow traffic should be as few 
and simple as possible, and should be 
such as can and ought to be universally 
adhered to and enforced. 

3. That in all large cities there should 
l.e a traffic authority, on whom should 
be charged the duty of studying and 

with street traffic problems, the 
- ..f such authority and the co- 
ordination of such powers with those of 
other public authorities being matters 
of detail which must be settled by public 
authorities on consideration of the cir- 
cumstances and conditions of each large 

i. That there should be ample provision 
of traffic controllers (such as the police 
in London), with adequate powers to 
regulate the traffic, not only at congest- 
ed points, but throughout the course of 
clouded streets. 

5. That having regard to the increased 
danger which is necessarily created by 
the conditions of modern traffic, it is im- 
portant that drivers should be carefully 
ami systematically trained, and that 
children should be specially taught how- 
to provide against the dangers of the 

6. That, except where local circum- 
stances render it absolutely necessary, 
no obstructions, such as lamp-post's, 
tramway standards, etc., should be placed 
in the centre of a road, except necessary 
refuges for pedestrians crossing. 

7. Xo obstruction of the public high- 
way shou'd be permitted, either by ve- 
hicles standin- bly or travel- 
ling at an obstructing speed, or by 
tilings plated on the highway Exception 
must, however, be made for depots re- 
quired for I he work of maintenance or 

the road, or for work being 
oil by duly authorized and com- 
petent authorities, but in every case all 
iry steps must lie taken to insure 
ty of traffic. 
The meeting on the proposal of Mr. 
I'haix. unanimously adopted the follow- 
i ution: 
S. "Regulations for roads and traffic 
must aim at defining the rights, duties 
bllities for each kind of 
.void the causes of 
accidents and damage and to insure the 
maximum of order and liberty." 

Function* of Central V nllioritle.i anil 
l.ornl tiithorltie*. 

The system of road administration in 
intry must be in harmony with 
ial system of governmei 
vailing in that country and the pi 
genius of its people. It is impossible, 
therefore, to lay down any general rule 
of universal application as to the extent 
to which the road organization of any 

country should be centralized or decen- ( 

In countries where maintenance of 
roads by local authorities has hitherto 

• prevailing system, tin 
engineering problems of road construc- 
tion raised by the increased moto 
fie are creating a demand for greater < 
centralization, in the belief that this will 
tend to greater expenditure on the roads, 
but. in the opinion of this Congress, it is 
not desirable that the maintenance of 
the roads should be vested in a central 
authority, but shoul atralized 

as far as is consistent with good admin- 
istration, and that assistance should be 
given by the Sta'e contingent on the 
roads being maintained up to a pre- 
i standard. 

In those countries where centralized 
systems of administration already exist, 
it is desirable that these systems shall 
be developed and perfected. 

A principle that can be laid down as 
of universal application is. that the unit 
of highway administration shall be suffi- 
ciently large and command suffcient re- 
sources to employ and adequately re- 
munerate a competent staff. 

It is desirable that the engineering 
staff shall be organized on a national 
basis and shall consist of: 

era with powers of 
inspection and report to the authority 
making grants. 

(In Division engineers in charge of 
administrative units. 

if I Assistant engineers, recruited by 
examination from engineering students 
who have received training 

following upon a good general education 
and an engineering education at some 
recognized engineering school or univer- 
sity. Promotion shall be by merit. 

Provision of Revenues. 

1. The expenditure on the maintenance 
and improvement of: 

(a) The roads which serve as main 
routes of communication between im- 
portant places in any country, or 

(b) Roads which are used mainly by 
long-distance traffic, unless such expen- 
diture is borne wholly out of the na- 
tional revenues under a system of State 
administration of roads (which system 
is practicable and suitable in the case 
of some roads in some countries), should 
be mainly paid for out of national rev- 
enues, whether or not such roads are 
locally administered and maintained, 
subject, where local administration pre- 
vails, to the supervision of a central gov- 
ernment authority, both as to efficiency 
and expenditure. 

2. It is desirable to abolish, so far as 
possible, all toils on public roads, but it 
is equitable that vehicles which, on ac- 
count of their weight, or weight com- 
bined with speed, or any other excep- 
tional circumstances connected with 
either the vehicle or use of the road, 
cause special damage to roads beyond 
the wear and tear of the ordinary traffic 
of any district, should be subject to spe- 
cial taxation, the proceeds of which 
should be earmarked for expenditure on 

3. Borrowing money for new road con- 
struction and for the periodic renewal 
of the surface coating of a road is con- 
sistent with sound financial principles, 
provided that the loan period in the case 
of loans for renewals is kept well within 
the life of the surface coating. 

Construction of Macadamized Roads 

Bound with Tarry, Bituminous, 

or Asphalt Materials. 

In the following resolution variations from 
the original draft are denoted as follows 
Additions, italics ; omissions, brackets. 


By the use of tarry, bituminous, including 
tarn/ or asphaltlc binders we may obtain a 
number of different forms of road crust, which 
may be employed with advantage, according 
to the various conditions of the road as re- 
gards traffic, locality, and climate. 

The exact value and duration of life of 
these various road crusts, taking into account 
traffic [and climate), climatic conditions, and 
the methods of construction, remain to be de- 

For this purpose It is advisable to draw up 
a uniform system of tests, measurements and 
records, under the following headings 

(1) Physical and local conditions. (Plans, 
lions, slopes, camber foundations, 

('21 Materials employed, penological analy- 
sis, dimensions, composition of the binding 

July 17, 1913. 



(2a) Method of construction, date of con- 

(3) Census of traffic on the section under 

(4) Climatic conditions affecting the road, 
i 5 I Periodical measurement of wear. 

(6) Periodical examination of the state of 
the road crust. 

(7) Actual cost of the road crust — i"i as 
regards cost of construction: (b) as regards 
maintenance cost. 

Tin standard form in which the information 
is to be furnished "ill be drawn up by the 
Permanent Commission. 

(1) Foundation and Drainage. 

Confirming the conclusions adopted in 1010 
by the Second Consress (Brussels. 2 Ques- 
tion), which called attention to the advantages 
of a dry foundation and a sound subsoil, the 
congress especially insists upon the great im- 
portance of efficient foundations in the case 
of road crusts bound with rtarry] bituminous, 
tarry or asphaltic binders, for the 
following reasons : 

(1) The road crust being expensive, it Is 
important to give it a base which [secures 
stability] will increase its life 

C2 1 As the weight, speed and intensity of 
the traffic continually tend to increase on roads 
considered worthy of such a crust, it is best 
to provide a foundation which has been so 
constructed as to secure for the crust the 
-ible conditions of resistance wear. 
(2) Dimensions and Shape of Metalling. 
(1 i When an ordinary macadamized road 
ucted with a view to being tar- 
it. should be constructed of hard 
metal, with sharp edges, and broken as nearly 
as possible to a cube of the dimensions of from 
6 centimetres. 

i the case of ftarl bituminous, in- 

rry or asphaltic macadam, carried 

out by the mixing process, the dimensions of 

:i> [must] may be so selected and 

graded as to form a compact road crust with 

the fewest possible voids. The dimensions of 

the largest metal may varv according to the 

nature of the stone and of the traffic. When 

the process of construction employed requires 

lan one layer of material, the upper 

wearing crust [must] may be formed 

of smaller metal. 

i:: i In respect of [tarry] bituminous, in- 
tarru or asnhaltic road crusts con- 
structed bv the penetration process, the trials 
now being carried out in various 
countries should be continued, taking care 
only to emplov metal of as cubical a shape as 
possible, and 'with sharp edges, at anv rate, 
for the portion of the road crust nearest the 

(4) It is understood that further experi- 
ments will also be carried nut in the use of 
other methods, and especially those referred 
to in paragraphs 1 and 2. 

(•>.) Employment of Partially Used Metal. 
By carefully eliminating all particulars of 
mud and organic matter, it is possible sue- 
cessfullv to make use of partially worn ma- 
terials on condition that thev are not em- 
ployed for the surface of the road crust, 
iti Relative Imnortance of Patchina. 
It is agreed that it is absolutely necessarv 
tn carry out repairs, in the case of all ftarrvl 
bituminous, including tarry and asphaltic road 
crusts, immediately the necessity for them 

i r. i permissible Wear. 
The complete renewal rendered necessary hv 
wear must be carried out immediately the 
depth of the road crust is below a given limit 
of safetv. or when its waterproofing Qualities 
have become so poor that the road will un- 
duly suffer from climatic conditions, 
(fii Various Means of Emnloyina Tarry, Bitu- 
minous and Asphaltic Materials. 
In using these materials, both in the pene- 
tration method and the mixina method — ( a> 
It is preferable to use dry stone in order that 
it may adhere u-ell tn the binder. Tn the 
mirina method the sinne must ahoavs be dm. 
and if necessary it mast be heated. (b) 
Odc must never Ian a ton crust upon a soft 
or damp foundation Cine should preferably 
rami out the work in fine weather ici fine 
must never employ too mveh binder, but only 
a sufficient quantity to bind the vortion of the 
roarl which is heinn roller! (d) One must 
never employ road rollers which are too heavy. 
i7i T.sts and Chemical Analysis. 
The advantages of analyses and methodical 
laboratorv tests, and their necessity in the 
case of bituminous binders, are unanimously 

It would be of advantage to obtain uni- 
formity — 

(1) As regards to specification of the prin- 
cipal characteristics of these binders. 

(2) As regards the methods of testing for 
training up these specifications. The Per- 
manent International Commission will be en- 

trusted with the work of inquiring into the 
best way of standardising the above. 
(8) Climatic Effects. 

It appears to be generally agreed that cer- 
tain tarry, bituminous or asphaltic road crusts 
(as is also usually the case with all smooth 
and waterproofed surfaces) may become slip- 
pery under certain conditions of weather. 

This may be remedied by strewing the sur- 
face with coarse sharp sand ; and in most 
cases a good cleansing of the surface will 
usually prevent the carriageway becoming 

(0) Effects of Public Health. &.C. 

Sufficient information is now available to 
enable engineers to select and specify bitu- 
minous binders which will have no prejudicial 
effect upon public health, fish life, or vegeta- 
tion; but which, on the contrary, will con- 
duce to conditions of considerable hygienic 

(10) Cleansing and Watering. 

It is recognized that carriageways properly 
treated with [tarry] bituminous, tarry or 
asphaltic materials require less sweeping and 
watering than ordinary water-bound ma- 
cadamized roads, and that they allow of con- 
siderable economy being effected under this 

The meeting puts forward the fottovAno ad- 
ditional proposal: That an International Tech- 
nical Committer should be appointed bu the 
Permanent International Commission i„ order 
lo study a standard method of nbtainina in- 
formation and data won materials, physical 
conditions, local conditions, methods of con- 
struction, terminoloav, and other points con- 
cerning maeadam hound with tarry bituminous 
or asphaltic binders. 

The rerort of the cammitee should, after 

culmination Ini the Permanent Commission be 
i tn a next congress. 


(1) Where eradients permit, wood block 
pavementM [laid on proper ennercte founda- 
tions, are the mostl is rem suitable for streets 
where traffic is ereat hut is not of the ex- 
ceptionally heavy character usually existing 
on streets near docks or similar centres of 
industrial traffic. It should be used where " 
noisi h s s oavi mi nt is Si sirable it is nf 
great importance that a concrete foundation 
should be laid of sufficient strength tn carry 
the traffic ment. 

(2) Great care is necessary in the selec- 
tion of the proper timber for the purpose, and 
all soft wood blocks should be thoroughly im- 
nregnated w : th a well-proved preservative be- 
fore being laid. 

(3) In view of the varying results given 
by wood pavements, according to local cir- 
cumstances, it is desirable that further in- 
vestigations and laboratory experiments should 
be carried out in connection with the selec- 
tion of the timber and of the impregnating 

(4) Every precaution should be taken in 
laving the blocks to prevent, so far as pos- 
sible, the entry of water throueh the Joints. 

4a. Hard woods oar. nrying results ac- 
cording to local circun. stances, and it does 
not appear desirable tn recommend than for 
m. i, Is n ill, intense traffic in lame cities, un- 
less some means are devised to effectively 
prevent the rapid destruction nf the joints and 
the resultina destructive effect on the concrete 
helnie. If these woods are employed it is de- 
sirable not only to prevent the percolation of 
water through the joints to the foundation. 

but also to consolidate the blocks as far as 

jyossible. so that they man not become rounded 
at the edaes. Soft woods obtained from 

suitable kinds of trees, and especially from 

resinous Sjieeies, are equally suitable for 
roads With a eomparatirelu heavy and intense 
traffic as well as for roads with a light ami 
infrequent traffic. In the latter, however, the 
blocks are liable to rot if then have not been 
Suitably Pickled. It is also desirable to make 
the joints as small and watertight as pos- 
sible. On the other hand, their comparatively 
rapid wear on roads with areat traffic should 
encourage one to make exhaustive investiga- 
tions into the best means of treating them so 
as to increase their strength without prejudice 
to their elasticity. 

(5) Subject to certain precautions, such as 
impregnating of the wood, waterproofing of the 
joints and surface, frequent cleaning of the 
roadway. &c. there is no objection to wood 
pavement from the sanitary point of view. 

(fi) The spreading of gritting is necessary 
under certain conditions and in certain 
weather (especially on hard wood paving) to 
prevent the surface becoming slippery, but 
the grittiner should be done with suitable small 
gravel, [or] chippings. or sharp sand, so as to 
avoid, as far as possible, any injury to rub- 
ber tires. 

[(7) Where hard woods are adopted for 
paving, the "sectional block" system or some 
other effective svstem should be employed, in 
order to avoid the objections which have been 
found in hard wood pavements.] 

Pacific Highway Association. 

The fourth annual convention of the 
Pacific Highway Association will be 
held in Vancouver, British Columbia, 
on August 11, 12, and 13. 1913. The 
three previous conventions were held 
in Seattle, Portland, and San Fran- 
cisco in 1910, 1911 and 1912, respec- 

Special invitations have been sent to 
the governors of the different States 
on the route of the 1'acific highway, 
the mayors of towns adjoining the 
highway, the chiefs of police of Brit- 
ish Columbia, vice presidents of the 
association, and to prominent business 
men and automobile clubs to attend 
the convention. It is estimated that 
200 delegates with their families will 
visit the city. 

The association was formed to 
secure construction of a first-class road 
along the Pacific slope from as far 
north as possible to as far south as 
possible. Except for two short breaks 
in British Columbia, this road now 
stretches continuously from a point a 
few miles north of Hazelton. British 
Columbia, which is about 50 miles 
north of the extreme southern end of 
Alaska, to Yuma, Ariz. During the 
winter a great deal of this road is im- 
passable, and the association is en- 
deavoring to secure the cooperation of 
the different communities toward an 
early improvement of the conditions 
of the road. Folders have been printed 
to advertise the convention and . are 
given to members of automobile clubs 
making trips through the Province and 
the Pacific Coast States. 


Garton, Charles, Vineland, N. J., 
has been appointed superintendent of 
the water department. Albert H. Koetz 
has been made Chief Electrician. 

Newlands, James A., Hartford, 
Conn., has resigned the position of 
chemist of the Connecticut State Board 
of Health. Mr. Newlands is now secre- 
tary and consulting sanitary expert 
for the Henry Souther Engineering 
Corporation, office and laboratories, 11 
Laurel street, Hartford, Conn. Special 
attention will be given to consultations, 
inspections, and laboratory researches 
with reference to water supplies, milk 
supplies, methods of sewage disposal 
and allied problems in sanitation. 

The following city officials have re- 
cently been elected. 

Lake Butler — Mayor, H. J. Stewart. 

Phoenix — Mayor Christy (re-elected). 

Winchester — Mayor, D. T. Matlack. 


Louisa — Mayor, M. T. Campbell. 
Mineral — Mayor, H. W. Judd. 
Luray — Mayor, J. B. Martin. 
Chatham — Mayor, W. P. Parish (re- 




Barrett Road and Pavement Mixer. 

dentown, N 

and lay an asphalt concrete pavement 
under patents of Thomas .1. Barrett. 
The illustration of finished pavement is 
a section of about 500 square 
laid last summer en a heavily 
1 highway in Bordentown. \1 
though laid over tin surface of a maca- 
dam road over 1- years old the new 
Barrettite sui 

road, by the way, a- originall) 

thick, it is now re- 

duced t" about 4 inches, as a result of 

it possible to coat every particle with 
a thin coating of bitumen. The as- 
phalt cement then being added the 
of the pan impleted, 

The experimental section of road laid 
last summer in a Blystone 

concrete mixer. The pavement new 
looks very much like any bituminous 
concrete in which a rich well-filled 
mixture is used. 

The plant illustrated was built this 

winter for doing more extensive work. 

The whole outfit consists of a traction 

-a New Huber is used — a 500- 

gallon asphalt kettle, made by the 

Vol. XXXV, No. 3. 

When in operation it is designed to 
keep about a dozen of the measuring 
boxes in use. These are to be placed 
along the road at proper intervals. They 
will be kept loaded with gravel, stone, 
sand, etc., in proper proportions well 
in advance of the work. The traction 
engine will pull the kettle and mixer 
along and the pavement mixture will be 
delivered where needed. Judging from 
the experience obtained in building the 
experimental stretch it is believed that 
the process will be an economical one. 

Some K. & J. Road Scrapers. 

The Kilbourne & Jacobs Mfg. Co., 

Columbus, O., make a great variety of 

appliances for handling earth and other 

bulky materials on road and general 


the (jozen years' wear. The general 
old road is not bad, con- 
sidering Preparations are 

lade for laying bituminous 
surface OH a considerable section of the 
road, with the machinery shown in the 

The process consists of mixing 
1, sand and crushed 
shells at a comparatively low 
possible by a pecu- 
-i the treatment A liquid, com- 
posed of 50 per cent, asphalt, 25 per 
,-ent. kerosene and 25 per cent, gaso- 
line, is added to ll: etc., in the 
mixer \ light brown into 
the mixer and the 

,1 i, ii 
stone, etc., in a drum above. This makes 


Equitable Asphalt Maintenance Com- 
pany, and the mixing machine proper. 
The kettle is provided with a hoist for 
lifting the barrels. The mixer consists 
of a truck carrying a hoisting engine, 
which takes steam from the traction 
engine; a derrick for lifting boxes of 
stone, etc.; a hopper into which the 
stone, etc., is dropped when the doors 
of the box are released; a rotary drum 
below the hopper, in which the stone is 
heated by the fire below: and finally the 
mixer, which is a pug-mill will 
shaft. The cylindrical drum has a door 
through which the stone, etc., is re 
ceived and discharged. The | 
mixture is discharged onto the road- 
waj bj tilting the casing in which the 
mixing shaft runs. 

construction work. Most of the de- 
signs are the result of thirty years' de- 
velopment and improvement. Begin- 
ning as a manufacturer of wooden 
wheelbarrows of a very ingenious and 
convenient type for that day, the com- 
pany has grown until its various types 
of equipment are known in every com- 
mercial country of the world. Every 
type of equipment has been developed 
through practical experience with the 
needs of the trade and the careful em- 
bodiment of every feature making for 
longer and more economical use. 
The illustrations show a numl 
scrapers and a plow, all of which are 
favorite designs with township commis- 
road supervisors and other au- 
thorities. There is not a municipal Lody 

July 17, 1913. 



from the largest city to the smallest 
village or most sparsely settled coun- 
ty that could not use to advantage 
more than one of these devices. 

Figure 4 shows one of the simplest 
of forms of dirt scrapers, the Columbus 
Solid Steel Scraper No. 3. It is espe- 
cially recommended for work on a nar- 
row ditch with one horse. It is of 
seamless construction, and is made with 
an extra long nose, with the cutting 
edge well sharpened, so that it enters 
the ground as readily as a plow. It 
will work well in any kind of soil, 
whether plowed or not. It is a favorite, 
because it is easy on horses and can 
be used for general light road work, as 
well as for ditching purposes. The 
capacity is 3 cubic feet. 

Figure 1 is a tongue scraper and 
ditcher. It is designed for making and 
levelling roads, cutting and cleaning 
large ditches, and is well adapted for 
moving earth short distances, at a low 
cost. The steel blade is of extra quality 
and has a sharp cutting edge. The 
shoes are best bevelled steel, strong 
and durable. The scraper box and 
handles are made of well seasoned lum- 
ber and thoroughly bolted together. All 
parts of wear are suitably protected. 
The "flipper trigger" and jaw are of 
malleable iron. The cut of the scraper 

wrought-iron standards. The blade is 
formed from very hard steel plate. 

This grader makes a good snow 

Figure 3 is a pressed bowl wheel 
scraper, which was designed with spe- 
cial reference to country road making 
and repairing. The approximate 
weight is 390 pounds. It is built after 
the model of larger wheel scrapers and 
has special heavy malleable iron hub 
wheels. The patent automatic lock 
hook with which these scrapers are 
supplied, makes it impossible for the 
scraper to dump while filling, and regu- 
lates the cut to an even depth. The 
capacity level full is 9 cubic feet and 
the weight of the scraper is 390 

Figure 5 is a township road plow, 
specially designed for the service. It 
has great strength and is said to run 
perfectly steady in all kinds of ground. 
It is a light load for two horses and is 
strong enough for four. The beam is 
of selected hardwood, 3 by %Yz inches, 
at the standard. There is a heavy iron 
strap underneath the beam, extending 
from the standard to clevis and se- 
curely bolted to both. The wrought 
iron clevis has two heavy rings. The 
standard is secured to the beam by two 
strong bolts and cannot be twisted or 

Lead. — Business is light. Quotations: 
New York, 4.35c. St. Louis, 4.20c. 

Fire House. — The Eureka Fire Hose 
Mfg. Co. has appointed W. S. Harley 
as their agent with territory covering 
the states of Montana, Oregon, Idaho 
and Washington. Mr. Harley's office 
will be in the Paulsen Building, Spok- 
ane, Wash. 

Pneumatic Tires. — City officials re- 
sponsible for the maintenance and effi- 
ciency of automobiles in the fire de- 
partment and other service requiring 
high speed will be interested to know 
that a number of races have recently 
been won by automobiles using ordi- 
nary Firestone pneumatic tires. In the 
Panama Pacific Road Race, Los An- 
geles to Sacramento, 443.6 miles, the 
winner and the second and third ma- 
chines used Firestone, tires. The first 
and second cars never changed a tire 
during the entire race. In three races 
at Tacoma. Wash., for 100, 200 and 250 
miles, all the winners had Firestone 

New J-M Branch. — In accordance 
with its long established policy of busi- 
ness expansion, the H. W. Johns-Man- 
ville Company has recently opened a 
branch office at Charlotte, N. C. The 
new office, which is located in the 
Commercial Bank Building, is in 


is regulated by the length of the chain. 
Figure 5 is a surface grader. The 
length of blade is 30 inches, width of 
blade 15 inches, thickness of steel blade 
% inch, approximate weight 60 
pounds. This grader is used for scrap- 
ing the plowed-up earth, at the sides of 
the road, upon the road bed. It is for 
use with one horse only, and is worked 
either by backing the horse to the fill- 
ing point, or by crossing the road from 
side to side. The driver can either de- 
posit his entire load at one point or 
spread it to any desired thickness. It 
is also used for grading and levelling 
off after the scraper, leaving the road 
bed level or rounded up, as desired. 
The beam is of stout hard wood and 
is connected by two substantial 

broken off. The plow cuts a furrow 10 
inches wide and from 6 to 11 inches 


Cast Iron Pipe, Chicago. — Several 
good municipal contracts have been 
closed. Quotations: 4-inch, $28.50; 6 to 
12-inch, $26.50; 6-inch and up, $25.50. 
Birmingham. — Prospects for business 
are better and prices are firmer. The 
U. S. C. I. P. plant at Birmingham is in 
full operation and shipments are clean- 
ing up the accumulation. Quotations: 
4-inch, ?22; 6-inch, $20. New York.— 
Present lettings in sight are unimport- 
ant. Private demand is not very active. 
Quotations: 6-inch, $23 to $24. 

charge of E. U. Heslop, who is as- 
sisted in covering the western section 
of North Carolina by P. J. McCusker 
and Paul W. Whitlock. 

Kahn System. — The Trussed Con- 
crete Steel Company, Detroit, Mich.. 
have issued the fifth edition revised 
and enlarged, of their hand book on 
reinforced concrete, describing the 
Kahn system standards. The book 
contains 127 pages and is well illus- 
trated and indexed. It is not an ad- 
vertisement or a catalog but contains 
much technical information of value to 
architects and engineers. The Kahn 
system is that which was used in build- 
ing the Commonwealth pier in Bos- 
ton, Mass., described in the Municipal 
Journal, June 5, 



Vol. XXXV, No. 3. 

^EEKLY (^O^TjRACT j^jflWS 



To be of value this matter must be printed In the number Immediately following Its receipt, which makes it Impos- 
sible for us to verify It all. Our sources of information are believed to be reliable, but we cannot guarantee the correct- 
ness of all Items. Parties In charge of proposed work are requested to send us Information concerning It as early as 
possible: also correction of any errors discovered. 





Ind., Brazil 11.30 a.m., July 19. 

Ind., Terre Haute.... 11 a.m., July 19. 

111., Lincoln 9 a.m., July 19. 

HI., LeRoy 3 p.m.. July 19. 

K.V.. Lexington 11 a.m., July 19. 

Mont.. Billing's July 18- 

\V. Vs., Moundsville. . .4 p.m., July 19. 

Cal.. Sacramento 2 p.m.. July 21. 

Mass.. Boston noon, July 21. 

111.. Ottawa Jul>' 21. 

Minn., Hastings 11 a.m., July 21. 

Pa.. Chester 8 p.m., July 21. 

X J.. Bloomfield 8 p.m., July 21. 

Ya.. Richmond ll a.m.. July 22. 

N. Y., New York 11 a.m.. July 22. 

O., Rockv River July 22. 

Del., Wilmington noon, July 22. 

Pa., Wavnesboro 8 p.m., July 22. 

X. Y., New York.. 10.30 a.m., July 22. 

Utah. Salt Lake City. 10 a.m., July 22. 

Me.. Bangor noon. July 22 . 

Mass.. Boston noon, July 22. 

N J.. Trenton 2.30 p.m., July 23. 

K\\, Louisville 2pm. .July 23. 

O., Chillicothe noon, July 23. 

N. J.. Hoboken 4 p.m., July 23. 

O., Galion 10 a.m., July 23. 

N. Y., Schenectady. .2.30 p.m., July 23. 

N. Y. Brooklyn 11 a.m.. July 23. 

O., Akron noon, July 24. 

Ya., Roanoke noon, July 24. 

la, Bloomfield July 24. 

O.. Covington noon, July 24. 

Pa. Allien Station .. 7.3(1 p.m., July 25. 

O., Petersburg 1 p.m., July 25. 

N. J.. Trenton 2.30 p.m., July 2.".. 

Ind.. Greencastle 2 p.m. July 26, 

Pa.. Media noon. Julv 28. 

X Y„ Albanv 2 p.m., Julv 28. 

N. J. Wcstfield S p.m., July 28. 

O., Spencerville noon, Julv 28. 

• • , New Haven no 

. Plymouth noon, Jul! 29 

O., Wauseon noon, Julv 31. 

Pa, Harrisburg in am.. July 31. 

Ind., Indianapolis . . . . 10 a.m., Aug. 2 

diz noon, 

Ind., Fori Wayne Aug. 6. 

O., Caldwell noon, Aug. 7 

Ind., South Bend.... 11 a.m., Aug. 11. 

Wis., Racine in a.m.. Julv 19 

N. J.. Camden 8 p.m.. Julv 21. 

la, Council Bluffs 5 p.m., July 21 

N. J.. Elizabeth 3 p.m., Julv 21. 

Fla.. Dunnellon Julv 21. 

la.. Cresco 8 p.m., July 21 

Ml. Por-omoke Citv Julv 21. 

N. Y.. White Plains.. 2 p.m., Julv 21. 

Mo.. Webster Groves July 21 

Pa.. North Braddock..3 p.m., Julv 21 

N J, Newark 3 p.m.. July 21, 

Wis. Fin du Lac 3 p.m., Julv 22 

X Y.. Rlnghamton. . . . 4 p.m., Julv 23 

N Y., Brooklyn 11 a.m.. Julv 23 

Minn., Stillwater s n m.. Julv " l 

N. J., Trenton 1.30 p.m., July 25 

X .! T-en'on 2.20 p.m.. Ju'v 2".. 

La.. New Orleans Tulv 28 

IJt.. New Orleans "5 

N J. Newnrk ?nm.. Julv 29 

O.. Lowellvlllc Noon. Aug. 1 

Wis. Waupaca 4 p m.. Aug. 2 

O., Salem noon, Aug. 2 


.Road In Van Buren Twnshp E. A. Staggs, Co. Aud. 

. Koad N. G. Wallace, Co. Aud. 

. Imp. four streets E. D. Schackelf ord. Pres. BLI. 

Furn. cement, etc L. J. Owen. Ch. Coram. 

asphalt, or brick, several streets J. E. Cassidv, Mayor. 

so. yds C. E. Dearland, City Engr. 

g seven streets O. B. Bonar, City Clk. 

Cement concrete, bit. surface. 6 miles A. B. Fletcher. Hy. En--. 

Tar macadam L. K. Rourke, Comr. 

. Paving; cost, $5,563 W. W. Curtis. C. Clk. 

. Imp. roads - T. A. Hoffman, Co. Aud. 

.Paving. 150.000 sq. yds Wm. Provost. Jr., Ch. Comm. 

Blue stone curbing. 15,000 ft R. F. Davis. Twn. Clk. 

Macadam and gravel roads. 10 miles Co. Clk. 

.Bit. macadam around Ashokan reservoir J. P. Morrissey, Secy. 

. Cement sidewalks F. Mitchell, VII. Clk. 

. Macadam roads Jas. Wilson, Hwy. Comr. 

.Vitrified brick, asphalt, bitulithic. etc, 23.000 yds K. A. S. Fitz, Sec. 

. Asphalt road oil, 100.000 gals.; asphalt block, bit. con- 
crete, flagging, etc C. C. Miller. Boro. Pies. 

Cement sidewalks, etc X. Warum. C. Record. 

. v\ I block F. O. Beal. Mayor. 

.11 gl way 2 ii lin. ft W. B. Sohier. Ch. 

. Vitrified brick or bituminous concrete F. Thompson. Citv Clk. 

.Sidewalks J. E. Wakefield, Ch. 

. Concrete sidewalks, etc E. L. Albright, Dir. 

. Repaying several streets J. H. Londrigan. City Clk 

.Macadam road A. A. Crawford, Secy. 

Concrete base and 2-in. wearing surface. 60,000 sq. yds... F. E. Johnson. Secy. 
. Cement sidewalk. Portland cement, etc L. H. Pounds. Pres. 

Paving, sidewalks and sewers R. M. Pillmore, Dir. 

.Granolithic sidewalks F. L. Gibboney. C. Eng. 

.Brick, asphaltic concrete, Portland cement, 5.000 sq. yds. A. P. Welch. City Clk. 

. Macadam G. F. Shawver, Vil. Clk. 

. Road W. O. Davis, Secy. ; W. S. Nor- 

ton. Eng-. 

. Bit. macadam or brick L. W. School, Twnshp. Clk. 

. Bit. concrete and vit. brick F. Thompson. C. Clk. 

. Paving roads C. L. Airhart. Co. Aud. 

. Paving and curbing G. W. Allen. Comr. 

.Imp. hignwavs John N. Carlisle, Comr. 

.Concrete bituminous surface. 11.000 sq. yds C. Clark, Town Clk. 

. Yit. brick, asphalt or wood block, bit. macadam, etc.... John Berry. Vil. Clk. 

.Vit. brick or concrete D. F. Dawson, Twnshn. Clk. 

or concrete E. K. Trauger. Vil Clk. 

.Broken stone or concrete, bit. surface L. H. Peyo. Vil. Clk. 

.Bit. macadam, vit. brick, asphaltic concrete E. M. Bigelow, Mv. Comr. 

.Gravel road J. Kerban. Ch. Comrs. 

.Vit. brick. 9.042 vds W. H. Lucas, Clk. 

. Paving highway C. H. Brown, Co. And. 

.Paving four streets H. A. Smith. Vil. Clk. 

. Imp. highway C. Sedgwick. Aud. 


. Vit. pipe. 655 ft. 8-ln T. H. Connolly, C. Eng. 

. Sewers number of streets I. C. Haines Ch. Comm. 

.Vitrified pipe sewers C. J. Duff. City Clk. 

.Vitrified and Iron pipe. 10,500 ft. 10-inch J. L. Bower, Co. Engr 

s, paving, etc ■ - "»>d Council. 

.Sanitary sewer. 1.600 ft A. TV Gillette. C. Clk. 

.Sewers; cost, $60,000 T. C. Hatton. Engr. 

.Sewer treatment plant Bronx Vallev Comm. 

.Vitrified pipe and disposal plant; cost. $20,000 W. A. Fuller. C. Eng. 

. tewer G. S. Siefers. Boro. Eng. 

. Culverts, etc F. A. Reimer. Co. Eng. 

• v and storm sewers J. F Hohensee. C. Clk. 

. Vitrified pipe, several streets F. M Hopkins, Clk. 

. Vit. pipe, brick sewers L. H. Pounds. Pres. 

i sewers L. W. Clarke. C. Ene. 

.Sewers, several streets F. Thompson. Citv Clk. 

. Drains and sewers F. Compton. C. Clk. 

. Fvrendlnc drnlnso-o nnmning station '■* -' °M»t'lB. Secv. 

.Underground conduit, gales, etc F. S. Shields. Seoy. 

.Sections 6 * 19. main Intercepting sewer. Passaic vnl. Pew. Comrs. 

. Storm water sewers C W. Baker, Clk. 

and septic tank S. P. Godfrey, rh. 

. Sewers, throe streets E. H. Rummel, Dir. P. S. 

July 17, 1913. 







. Wood stave pipe, power plant, etc J. L. Davis, Clk. 

. Distribution system ud. of Trustees. 

. Water works and sewerage system w. F. Clemens, Secy. 

. Bronze gate valves, etc Bd. of Water Supply. 

.Laying mains t\ Mitchell, Vil. Clk. 

. w ater works; cost, $17,000 c. H. Green, Engr. 

Cast-iron pipe, reservoir, wood pipe, etc C. Clk. 

.Cast-iron pipe fcl. B. Merritt, C. Clk. 

. Waterproofing reservoir . . . w . suuthgate, C. Eng. 

.Pumping plant, etc., at U. S. P. O Superv. Arch. 

. Water mains, 3,350 ft M. P. Norling, Clk. 

. C.-i. pipe, S miles 6 to 10-in.; valves, hydrants, meters, &c. A. E. Kimberly, Engr. 

. Impi uving water system f L. Lang, Pres. Mgrs. 

. Water and gas services p. J. Kkstrand 

. Extending water main M F. Olsen, Recorder. 

.Riveted steel pipe, lUVt miles 3G-inch C. H. Rust, Comr. 

.Reinforced concrete pipe, 27% miles c. H. Rust, Comr. 

. Waterworks P. J. Stent, Secy. 

.Water pipe near Oakland, Cal Navy Dept. 

. Water mains Water Comrs. 

. Superstructures along aqueduct Bd. Water Supply. 

. Reservoir and pressure tunnel J. P. Morrisey, Sec. 

. Sewer system and pumping station J. Schroeter, Ch. Bd. 


. Power house for hospital J. Tulloch. 

. Electric lighting system M. Provis, Clk. Bd. 

.Ornamental lighting posts, 60 F. E. Harrison, M_ayor. 

. Electric work, etc., for comfort station F: E. Johnson, Secy. 

. Power plant at reformatory Bldg. Com. 

. Equipment for electric power station at Victoria, Aus- 
tralia Merz & McLellan, Engrs. 

Power plants and elec. equipment D. W. Peck, Supt. 


Hose station C. H. Kruger, Comr. 

.Hose station C. H. Crueger, Comr. 

.Ten two-wheel gasolene tractors attached to Are engines. G. W. Olvany, Act. Comr. 

.Fire house Fire Comrs. 

. Motor service truck F. E. Harrison, Mayor. 


. Bridge Selectmen. 

. Concrete and steel bridge P. H. S. Hendricks, Dtr. 

. Bridge. 3 spans, 150 ft each John Woodward, Twn. "upt. 

. Concrete bridge, 35 ft. span, 20 ft. wide G. W. Hoffman, C. Recorder. 

. Concrete bridge F. A. Reimer, Co. Eng. 

.Concrete bridge G. H. Lewis, Dir. P. S. 

. Culverts C. J. Sanzenbacher, Co Aud. 

. Concrete and steel bridge P. H. S. Hendricks, Dir. 

. Bridge over creek C. J. Sanzenbacher, Auditor. 

.Concrete culverts, repairing bridges C. H. Brown, Co. Aud. 

. Bridge; cost, $85,000 Co. Comrs. 

. Concrete bridge C. L. Bauer. Co. Aud. 

. Substructure for bridge W. H. Aszling, Secy. 


.Broadway subway. 14th to 26th St Pub. Serv. Comm. 

.Throe school buildinsrs F. E. Johnson, Secy. 

.Making jet or wash borings A. M. Taylor, Dir. 

ne F. S. Shields, Secy. 

. Street flushing machine 

Garbage Incinerator. 25 tons capac M. E. Brian. City Eng. 

. Public market building F. E. Johnson. Secy. 

. Gasoline mower and roller F. F. Goldenbogen, Co. Clerk. 

.Retaining wall C. W. Handman. Mgr. 

. Automobile tags, 15.000 T. Hall. Sec. State. 

. Jail cells, two W. R. Walker, Ch. 

O., Gloucester July 10. 

Cal., Burlingame 8 p.m., July 21. 

Del., Clayton July 21. 

N. V., New York 11 a.m., July 11. 

O., Rocky River July 22. 

Mont., Twin Bridges July 22. 

Colo., Hayden July -.;. 

Cal.. Anheim 8 p.m., July 24. 

Tenn., Nashville 3 p.m., July 24. 

Okla., Oklahoma City July 2d. 

Minn., Glenwood July 27. 

O., Bexley July2S. 

N. Y., Sonyea 2 p.m., July 2a. 

Wis.. Superior 1 p.m., July 30. 

Mum., Moose Lake July 3». 

Can., Victoria noon, July 31. 

la, Victoria Juiy 31. 

la, Carlyle Aug. 1. 

D. C, Washington .. .11 a.m., Aug. 2. 

N. Y., Niagara Falls Aug. 4. 

N. Y., New York 11 a.m., Aug. 5. 

X. X., New York.... 11 a.m.. Aug. 5. 
Ind., Hammond 10 a.m., Aug. 6. 

Tex., Sherman July 19. 

Sutter Creek July 21. 

Canada, Saskatoon ....noon, July 21. 
N. Y., Schenectady. .2.30 p.m., July 30. 

O.. Marysville July 30. 

England, London Aug. 4. 

N. Y„ Albany noon, Aug. 5. 

la., Burlington 11 a.m., July 19. 

la., Burlington 11 a.m., July 19, 

X. Y.. New York... 10.30 a.m.. July 21. 

X. T., White Plains July 25. 

Canada, Saskatoon noon, July 31. 

Me., Hartswell 2 p.m., July 19. 

N. J., New Brunswick, 

2.30 p.m., July 21. 

N. Y., Fort Edwards July 21. 

Minn., Winona 8 p.m., July 21. 

N. J.. Newark 3 p.m., July 21. 

O., Elyria Noon, July 2-1. 

O., Toledo 10 a.m., July 25. 

2.30 p.m., July 28. 

O.. Toledo 10 a.m., July 29. 

Ind., Fort Wayne.... 10 a.m.. July 29. 

O., Defiance July 31 . 

O., Akron noon, July 31. 

O., Dayton 10 a.m., Aug. 2, 

N. Y., New York July 22 

N. Y.. Schenectady.. 2.30 o m., July 21 

Pa.. Philadelphia Noon. July 23 

La.. New Orleans noon, July 28 

Canada, Windsor 4 p.m.. July 29 

N. Y.. Schenectady. .2.30 p.m.. July 3«. 

O.. Cleveland 11 am.. Aug. 2. 

O., Cincinnati noon, Aug. 4 

N. D.. Bismarck 2 p.m. Aug. 9. 

Ga., Fitzgerald noon, Aug. 12. 


Fort Smith, \rk. — Paving of South 
Sixth street is authorized. 

Loa Angeles, Cal. — Petitions for pav- 
ing of South Moneta ave.. from 36th St.. 
its junction with Main St., to Manches- 
are being circulated. 

Mayfield, Cal, — Town Engineer Xikirk 
has filed plans and specifications for im- 
provement of Main st. 

Pomona, Cal. — City council has passed 
resolution instructing city engineer to 
submit at next meeting estimates for 
Improvement of four main arteries and 
Siin Antonio avenues, this being prelim- 
inary step toward calling of $75,000 bond 

Mm htniarrilno, Cal County Highway 

Commission has organized and plunged 
into work of preparing to submit to 
people plans for system of highways to 
cost about $1,500,000. 

Bridgeport. Conn. — Stratford avenue. 
(rom Yellow Mill bridge to Stratford 
town line, is to be made four feet wider, 
by setting back curb on either side of 
street distanct of two feet, and entire 
length of street is to be paved with 
bituminous macadam. 

on Brooklawn avenue to Fairfield line, 
and on Courtland street, between State 
street and Fairfield avenue. 

Hlddletomi, Conn. — Petition has been 
sent asking that amiesite pavement be- 
ing laid on Main be extended through 
St. John's square to crossing at Bridge st. 

Nuugntuck, Conn. — Voters have de- 
cided in favor of an asphalt macadam 
pavement on Bridge st. 

Waterhury, Conn. — Report of board of 
public works recommending expendi- 
ture of $9,137.50 for laying sidewalks on 
both sides of Hamilton avenue has been 

Jacksonville, Fin. — Resolution has 
been carried that City Council be re- 
quested to issue $40,000 worth of pav- 
ing certificates, this sum, or such 
amount as may be necessary, to be used 
in taking care of subsurface conditions 
on streets where new modern paving is 
, to be laid. In laying this new paving, 
catch basins. making of temporary- 
drains where permanent drains are im- 
practical, house connections and siphons 
are imperative and it is for this purpose 
that issuing of paving certificates is 
asked to facilitate the work. 

St. Augustine, Fla. — In connection with 
road construction work which will now 
be pushed vigorously with special fund 
of $70,000. Board of County Commis- 

sioners will shortly advertise for bids 
for surfacing of roads with shell. 

St. Augustine, Fla. — Bids for surfac- 
ing roads in this county will be adver- 
tised for shortly by County Commission- 
ers. About $50,000 will be expended on 
roads and this it is believed will give 
county continuous stretch of hard sur- 
faced roads where they are needed. 

Indianapolis, Ind. — Resolutions for 
paving Clifton street from 27th to 34th 
streets and from 34th to 36th streets 
have been confirmed by board of public 

Noblesville, Ind. — Another effort to 
have board of county commissioners im- 
prove Marion county link in proposed 
Indianapolis-to-Noblesville boulevard is 
being made by those interested in pro- 
ject. Petitions asking that Allisonville 
free gravel road be improved from state 
fair ground to line of intersection be- 
tween Washington and Lawrence town- 
ships, have been filed with commission- 

Des Moines, la Polk County Board of 

Supervisors have made tentative plans 
for expenditure of $11,S00 on permanent 
improvement of roads in county system. 
Following is tentative plan showing 
roads named and amount proposed to 
be sent on each of them: Saylor. $2,000; 
Army Post. $500; Hyperion, $800; White 


to-Rlver ro.o: 

i. $2,ouu, 
.■. ick, $1.- 
['■ Kurd. 

Dei Holnea, la. Polk county Is con- 
r $2,600 on 
Km er-ti ol Des Moines 


i . ;,. . im..i ih. I»nn. -ordinate i 

i . ,, . i. ....mi. Kim. Ri lutlone have 

idlnK and puv- 
ii. .ni Spruce 
Bti eel I and Pennsyl- 

vania avenue from Shoemaker to 

to Thornton Btreet; Thornton 
street from Fifth to Maple avenues; 
from Thornton i 

street from Fifth 
..l avenues; Second avenue from 
i to Kim bI i ■• • i and Elm 

Fourth street 
i ..|>. kji. iv mi. A ' "in be 

built from i 
inn through Kansas from east to 

i exlncrton, k i . Pis at 
for Imp: Main street. 

I. iik,. Charles, La, — Police Jury in- 

ii call tor 

special election on August 21 to provide 

miles of Improved highway by 

voting $9uu,ou0 bond issue. 

Harblekeada >tn»». — Preparations are 
now being made for rebuilding of Hum- 
phrey s under direc- 
tion of State Hlghwaj Commission and 
Board of Selectmen. 

Grand itni>id». inch. — Property owners 
on Ionia an-., between Oakes and Ful- 
ton sis., have petitioned Council to pave 
that portion of Btreet with sheet as- 
phalt and with brick, it streets is to 
be Improved this 

i annum-. >li>. — Improvement of Gar- 
rison ave. from Vine at. to Fairviewave. 
en planned. 
i hlllici.iiic. Mo. — Ordinance has been 
pass. .1 by crty council asking for bids 
for paving of Locust street from Jack- 
son to 2U0 feet north of Ann street. 
Paving will he of brick to correspond 
with paving on remainder of street, 
i Iiillle.ithe, Mo. — City council has or- 
city auditor to advertise for bids 
for paving of Walnut street. 

St. Joseph. Mo. — Ordinances have been 
passed providing for improvement of 
various streets. 

Manchester, V II. — Appropriation of 
Jluu.uuu has been recommended for new 
and sewers. 
i aniiliii, \. J. — Improvement of New- 
ton Lake. Collingswood, has been au- 

i iiiiiiii'ii. V J. — Ordinance has been 
of Lawrence 
street from Sixth to Seventh streets, and 
between the house lines, with 8-inch 
concrete pavement, and paving of Ce- 
dar street, between Ninth and Tenth 
streets, with sheet asphalt on a 6-inch 
i • foundation. W. D. Brown is 

i .j./ni.eih. \. J. — Paving of various 

I ii/.iiieih. \. J. — The county road corn- 
Board of Freeholders will con- 
sult with St s Commission 
ton regarding county's share of 
automobile money. The 133,000 appor- 
sed in rebuild- 
6S. Com- 
v. ill ask tor two-thirds of cost 
of building Westrield ave., from this 
city to .; north ave.. from 
t.. West Held, and South ave, 
Kanwood borough and town- 

UlUalde, V J. — Hillside township com- 
' Instructed Township Clerk 

for laying of sidewalks in Woodruff, 
II, ,1,,. km. \. J. — Ordinance ha 
pass.,1 providing sum of $300,000 for re- 
paving purpi 

Jeraej City, If, J am 

!i ng of Qrove 

Mlllvllle, \. J 111 be received 

SO p. in. July h for purchase of 

■nils. Thomas 


ten-ark, N. I — appropriated 

i i.uil. lint: ..I road aloni 

Panlaboro, V J. — laulsboro Council 
to as- 
' ad from 
i i t.i river front dlstanci 

Perth MnPi.i>. v a 
nient bonds In sum of $97,000 will prob- 


Vol. XXXV. No. 3. 

ably be awarded to John L>. .Everett <fc 

Perm '.niiio), N, J. — Improvement ot 
.\.w Brunswick .mo Amouy aira. and 
siovena ave. In soum Amouy has been 

, i, .in mi. \. J. — According to plans 

completed by City Engineering Depari 

iding line 
to building line, inu.-i he proviued un 
>mery si , if mat tnorougnxare is 
nans aisu cull to 
It. WlUe and sidewalk wiulll Ol - 
either sine. Present wiuih 01 street, 
lrom house line to house line IS in ii. 
Trenton, N. J.— Ordinance has been 
to provide for pavement ot Ham- 
ilton a . 

Trenton, \. .1. Cltj commission has 
unanimously voted to advertise at once 

lor bills to pave Hamilton avenue from 

Chambers street to oiuen avenue. 

w . ~ui.iii. .>. j. — Bids lor imarove- 

nieiit ol East Broad street, received by 
town council have been oraered returned 
.mil new estimates asked lor, to be re- 
ceived on evening ot juj. 

\\ oudnrlui;e, a. J. — Uius will be read- 
\eitised for improvement of oak st. and 

Brooklyn, >. I. — The immediate im- 
provement oi Far Kockaway turnpiKe 

ling tne salt water meadows ut- 
tween Jamaica and Far Kockaway will 
be urged. 

iiriinkijii. \. \ Number of street Im- 
provements have been authorized by- 
Board ol Estimate. mi. .>. ». — Plans are being made 
tension of 13th avenue. 

Ilnuik Hi. 1. — The widening ot 

Fulton street, from Flatbusn avenue 
extension to Ashland place and ot Asn- 
land place, from Fulton street to point 
north of Lafayette avenue, will be con- 
sidered by board of estimate. \\ ldth ot 
i present is 80 ieet and proposal 
is to widen it to 1.7 feet approximately. 

In.kiiri, .\. 1 Bids for building of 

two roads in Niagara County win he 
opened shortly by Commissioner Cai- 
ns,, oi st.ue Highway Department 
Roads are South Transit St., a county 
highway, which will connect Buffalo st 
wun Transit road. This street is No. 
1US5 and is .97 of a mile, and is to be 
paved with brick, while West ave., No. 
d .60 of a mile, will be paved 
with granite block. Tnis road will join 
new .Mountain road with West ave. 

Mumiironeck. X. Y. — Voters have au- 
thorized bond issue of $10 000 for con- 
struction of lu.ouo ft. of sidewalk. 

New hurgrh, A. Y. — George McAneny, 
Manhattan borough president, has an- 
nounced that he would advertise this 
week for bids for repaying of Fifth 
avenue from Washington square to lid 
street, with sheet asphalt on a 6-inch 
concrete foundation. 

Niagara Kails, A. Y. — Common coun- 
cil will be requested to approve resur- 
facing of Pine avenue between loth and 
22d streets. 

Schenectady, >. Y'. — Ordinance has 
been passed directing grading, curbing 
and paving of Monroe street, from Front 
street to Erie canal. Frank Cooper, 
Corp. Counsel. 

Schenectady, X. Y. — StaU will repair 
roads between Schenectady and Troy. 

Seneca Falls, N. \. — Paving of various 
streets is contemplated. 

Syracuse, If. \. — Village board will 
advertise for proposals for laying water- 
bound macadam pavements in several 
other streets and for number of sewers 
that have been decided upon. 

Syracuse, \. "V . — For fourth time bids 
will be received for grading Hamilton 
St. from .Milton ave. to -Myrtle ave All 
bids were rejected as exces- 
sive. At meeting of Board of Contract 
and Supply Secretary Roney was in- 
1 to readvertise. 

Akron, O. — Ordinances have been 
authorizing bond issue for va- 
rious street improvements. 

Cincinnati. O. — Bids will be received 
at office of auditor of city until noon, 
July 21, for purchase of bonds of city, 
ling sum of $191,500. for pur- 
pose of providing funds to pay city's 
portion of costs of Improving certain 
streets, etc. Ira D. Washburn, city au- 

i ini linuiil. ii. Nearly all of principal 
loads in this county will be oiled by or- 
hoard of county commissioners 
next few weeks. 

Colombo*, o. — Belmont County has ap- 
i i ol • " ,000 appropria- 
tion made by legislature for improve- 
ment of market roads in state. 

Vongiiom, <>• — Improvement of va- 
rious streets has been authorized. 

Kimrnc, Ore. — Ordinance has been 
passed tor paving ot Tenth and Milt sts. 

■ Beater, 1-a. — common Council has ap- 
proved ordinance pronuing lor paving of 
B a\e., irom Lpianu St to GruSby 
st., and Riley St., from central ave. to 
Tugnman st 

i urairr, pa.— Councils of Chester have 
adopteu resolution directing proper au- 
ihonties to borrow $oo,uu0 on notes 
irom local banks to complete street pav- 
ing contracts. 

Chester, i-a. — Another effort will be 
maue by city councils on night ol July 
-'1 to secure bids that will be satisfac- 
tory for paving of about 150,000 square 
yards of city streets. 

Erie, l'a. — Ordinances have been 
passed for improvement of various 

riltaburgh, I»n. — Special election will 
he held in Ben Avon borough, suburb oi 
I'uisburgn, on question ol issuing $30,- 
000 bonus. Council proposes to use tne 
money in extensive street improvements 
and in erection of a lire company house. 
It is planned to complete giauing and 
improvements on every street in mu- 
nicipality, citizens are piacticaliy un- 
animous in tneir support ol bond issue. 
Election will oe heiu August 5. 

Heading:, Pa. — Ordinances are being 
consiueieu for improvement ot various 

scranton, Pa. — County Commissioners 
Robert W. Allen, Morgan Thomas and 
Henry J. Butler have voted to bond 
county additional $2aO,oOO, money raised 
to be used in paying lor completion of 
trans-county road. 

lurk, pa. — ordinance has been passed 
authorizing paving ot \\ est Market st. 
C. P. Shreiner, City Clerk. 

Providence, K. i — Resolution appro- 
priating JloO.OOO for straightening and 
widening of Eimwood ave. has passed 
both branches of City Council. 

Athens, iinn. — Construction of sam- 
ple concrete road has been authorized. 

Chiutunougu, Tean. — ine Volunteer 
state Lite Insurance Co. ot this city has 
purchased paving issue of $a,267..:u. 

Dauuridge, lenn. — pike and bridge 
bonds have been sold. 

London, Tcnn. — pike bonds in sum of 
Jlou.uuo nave been authorized. 

Houston, Tei. — Taxpayers nave voted 
$!>00,000 bond issue tor improving uf 

San Antonio, Tex With completion of 

specifications tor paving ot Denver 
boulevard with concrete completed 
bids have been asked tor the paving of 
this thorougntare. Copies of specifica- 
tions have been furnisned contractors 
and it is expected several bids will be 

ogucu, Utah. — Board of City Commis- 
sioners has passed resolutions whereoy 
25th St. is to be paved Irom Washington 
ave. to Wall ave. 

Alexandria, \ a. — Sum of $2,000 has 
been raised by voluntary subscription to 
have that portion of Queoec-lo-.vl.ami 
hignway- constructed on old Telegrapn 
road, Irom Lorton to Alexandria. 

Kichuioud, \ a. — Common council has 
passed unanimously joint resolution re- 
ported favorably by Finance Committee 
providing for extension of Grace st. 
through Richmond College campus. 

Moundswtle, W. \ n. — Bids nave been 
rejected tor paving of roads in Union 
district and will be readvertised. 

Wartvood, W. la. — Warwood Council 
has passea bond issue to amount of $2,- 
000. This will be used for purpose of 
improving certain streets in above town. 

Kiereu, Wash. — County Engineer has 
been instructed to survey and set stakes 
on extension of John Mack road for half 

Seattle. Wash. — Resolutions have been 
adopted by City Council tor improvement 
of various streets. 

Seattle, Wash — Plans have been ap- 
proved for paving of Westlake ave. 
North; estimated cost $55,000. 

Milwaukee, Wis. — At special election 
held in East Milwaukee it was voted to 
issue bonds to amount of $ for 
immediate improvement of streets of 

Milwaukee. wis. — Improvement of 
Whiteflsb Hay road is being discussed. 

Racine, \\ i». — Bond issue of $25,uuo is 
nsidered for proposed street im- 


\iiiilMnii, Ala. — Calhoun County Com- 
missioners have awarded contract for 
construction of another strip of state aid 
highway in Calhoun, leading out of Pied- 
ward Jacksonville to Goodrich & 

July 17, 1913. 



Decatur, Ala. — To So. Asphalt Const. 
Co. of Birmingham, contract for paving 
New Decatur street for $165,000. 

Sacramento, Col. — Advisory board to 
department of engineering has approved 
three out of state highway system to be 
constructed under $1S,000,000 bond issue. 
Awards which were approved and which 
went to lowest bidders follow: Santa 
Barbara county, $91, 148. 50, Mayer & Lew- 
is, contractors; San Mateo county, $17,- 
412.05, Mahoney Bros., contractors, and 
Santa Clara county, $33,860.60, to E. O. 
Burge, of Sacramento. 

Sacramento, Cal. — For constructing a 
state highway in San Bernardino Coun- 
ty, Division 7, Route 19, Section A A: B. 
Lowest bidder was E. A. Simmons, On- 
tario, at following bid: 11,450 cu. yds. 
excavation at 45c: 2,580 cu. yds. gravel 
shoulders at $1.25; 34 lin. ft. corru- 
gated iron pipe, 18 inch, at $1.50; 40 
cu. yds. cement concrete paving. Class 
"B," at $2.22; 830 bbls. asphaltic oil at 
$1.23; 600 tons broken stone screenings 
at $1.10; 480 cu. yds. sand at $1.15; 216 
lin. ft. guard rail at 45c; 86 monuments, 
hauling and setting, at $1.15. Total, 
$28,465.90. Other bidder was Geo. S. Ben- 
son & Sons, of Los Angeles. For con- 
structing a state highway in Santa 
Clara County, Division 4, Route 2, Sec- 
tion C. Lowest bidder was E. O. Burge, 
Sacramento, at following bid: 11,350 cu. 
yds. excavation at 40c; 160 lin. ft. of 
corrugated iron pipe, 12 inch, at $1.50; 
64 lin. ft. corrugated iron pipe, 18 inch, 
at $2.25; 64 lin. ft. corrugated iron pipe, 
24 inch, at $2.50; 30 cu. yds. cement con- 
crete culverts, Class "A," at $10; 65 cu. 
yds. cement concrete culverts and mon- 
uments. Class "B," at $10; 7,420 cu. yds. 
cement concrete paving, Class "B," at 
$3.23; 570 tons broken stone screenings 
at $2; 3S0 cu. yds. coarse sand, $2; 800 
bbls. asphaltic oil, hauled and placed, at 
$1.50; 1,800 lin. ft. guard rail at 40c; 
40 monuments, hauling and setting, at 
$1. Total of bid $33,860.60. Other bid- 
ders were: McGulivray Constr. Co., 
Burns, Clark & Co., A. Teichert A: Sons, 
John McReynolds, Blanchard Brown Co., 
Occidental Constr. Co., F. W. Wehner, 
State Constr. Co.. and John Doyle. For 
constructing a state highway in San 
Luis Obispo County, Division 5, Route 
2, Section D. Lowest bidder was E. O. 
Burge, Sacramento, at following bid: 
15,840 cu. yds. excavation at 60c; 282 
lin. it. corrugated iron pipe, 12 inch, at 
$1.50; 78 lin. ft. corrugated iron pipe, 15 
inch, at $2; 184 lin. tt. corrugated iron 
pipe, IS inch, at $2.25; 146 lin. ft. cor- 
rugated iron pipe, 24 inch, at $2.50; 76 
lin. tt. corrugated iron pipe, 30 inch, at 
$3; 24 lin. ft. corrugated iron pipe. 36 
inch, at $4; 226 cu. yds. cement concrete 
culverts and monuments. Class "B" at 
$lo; 320 cu. yds. rubber concrete retain- 
ing walls at $10; 395 tons broken stone 
screenings at $2.50; 315 cu. yds. coarse 
sand at $2.50; 500 bbls. asphaltic oil, 
hauled and placed, at $1.50; 5,320 lin. ft. 
guard rail at 40c; 208 monuments, liuul- 
ing and setting, at $2. Tot. a of bid $53,- 
335. Other bidders were Occidental > .in- 
struction Co., Sandercock Constri 
Mayer & Lewis. For constructing 
highway in San Mateo County, Division 
4, Route 2, Section A. Lowest bidder 
was Mahoney Bros., San Francisco, at 
following bid: 51,000 cu. yds. excavation 
at 23c; 172 lin. ft. corrugated iron pipe, 
18 inch, at $1.90; 60 lin. ft. corrugated 
iron pipe, 24 inch, at $2.30; 58 lin. ft. 
corrugated iron pipe, 30 inch, at $3.25; 
590 cu. yds. cement concrete culverts, 
Class "A" at $8.25; 10 cu. yds. cement 
concrete culverts and monuments, Class 
"B," at $8.25; 63 monuments, hauling 
and setting, at $1.25. Total of bid $17,- 
412.05. Other bidders were: Burns, Clark 
& DeRosa Paving Co., Moreing & Fitz- 
patrick, J. H. Smith, Blanchard Brown 
Co., Occidental Constr. Co., and the Dan- 
iel O'Day Co. For constructing a state 
highway in Santa Barbara County, Div- 
ision 4. Route 2, Section B.- Lowest bid- 
der was Mayer & Lewis, Venice, Cal., at 
following bid: 52,000 cu. yds. excava- 
tion at 50c; OCT, lin. ft. corrugated iron 
pipe, 12 inch, at $1.20; 155 lin. ft. cor- 
rugated iron pipe. 18 inch, at $1.75; 506 
lin . ft. corrugated iron pipe. 21 inch, at 
$2 25; 44 lin. ft. corrugated iron pipe, 30 
inch, at $3.25; 25 lin. ft. corrugated iron 
pipe, 36 inch, at $5; 550 cu. yds. cement 
concrete culverts and monuments, Class 
"B," at $9.50; 11,705 cu. yds. cement con- 
crete paving. Class "B," at $4 
tons broken stone screenings at $1.85; 
600 cu. yds. sand at $2.25; 1,260 bbls. as- 
phaltic oil hauled and placed at $1.80; 
4,645 lin. ft. guard rail at 50c: 192 mon- 
uments, hauling and setting, at 50c 
Total of bid $91,148.50. Other bidders 
were Walker Constr. Co., Occidental Con- 
str. Co., Aso S. Gailey & W. W. Atkin- 

son. For constructing a state highway 
in El Dorado County, Division 3, Route 
11, Section B. Lowest bidders were Ar- 
thur S. Lyon and Ira N. Burke, of Smith's 
Flat, at following bid: 16,200 cu. yds. 
excavation at 75c; 798 lin. ft. corrugated 
iron pipe, 12 inch, at $1.60; 301 lin. ft. 
corrugated iron pipe, is inch, at $2.10; 
134 lin. ft. corrugated iron pipe, 24 inch, 
at $2.50; 160 cu. yds. cement ■ 
culverts and monuments. Class i . 
$18; 8,900 tons broken stone and screen- 
ings at $1.50; 1,950 lin. ft. guard rail at 
50c; 188 monuments, hauling and set- 
ting, at $1. Total of bid, $31,786.90. 
Other bidders were Cyrus Moreing, E. O. 
Burge and Joe Lawrence. 

San Jose, Cal. — Contract for paving 
Market street from San Carlos street 
to the First street junction has been 
awarded to Barber Asphalt Co., lowest 
bidders, as follows: Paving, IS 4-10c 
per sq. ft.; curbing. 29c. per lin. ft.; catch 
basins, $34 each; pipe drains, 50c per ft. 
The Ransome-Crummey Co., only bid- 
der was given contract for improving 
uncompleted portions of West Julian 
streets as follows: Paving, 40c; gut- 
ters, 40c 

San Mateo, Cal. — To Raish Imp. Co., 
contract for paving San Mateo Park, at 

Bridgeport, Conn. — William H. Arthur, 
of Stamford, has been awarded contract 
for paving of John St., from Broad to 
Courtland sts., and contract for wood 
block paving went to Barber Asphalt Co. 
The Burns Co., of this city, have been 
awarded contract for laying granite 
block pavement on Park ave., from South 
ave. to Austin st. Work on Park ave., 
from State st. to South ave., and from 
Austin to Atlantic sts., will be done by 
Burns Co., with wood blocks furnished 
by Barber concern. Contractor Arthur 
will charge $1.37 a sq. yd. for work on 
John St., under five-year guaranty bond, 
and wood blocks will be furnished by 
Barber Co. at rate of $1.80 a sq. yd. Burns 
Co. will charge $3.20 a sq. yd. for their 
work on Park ave., between South ave. 
and Austin st. For remaining sections 
on Park ave. Barber bid for wood blocks 
was $1.80, and for work to be done by 
Burns Co. bid was $1.20 a sq. yd. 

Champaign, III. — By board of local im- 
provements, contract for paving North 
Prospect avenue to John W. Stipes at 
$20,495.95. Contract for paving West 
Hill street and North McKinley avenue 
has been awarded to Stipes & Pilcher, 
at $11,876.45. 

Pekin, 111. — By Board of Local Im- 
provements for about 16,800 sq. yds. of 
lirn'l: paving on concrete foundation, to 
Jansen & Toellus at $1.72 per sq. yd. 
Also for 11,000 sq. yds. brick paving to 
same firm at same price. J. R. Seibert is 
City Engineer. 

i-et.ria, 111. — To A. D. Thompson con- 
tract for extending creosote block pave- 
ment on South Adams st., from Oak to 
Cedar, bv Board of Local Improvement, 
for f30.981.70., Ind. — Contracts have been 
awarded by Bd. County Commissioners 
us for constructing gravel roads: 
Wolfe road on N. Meridian St., to Fitz- 
pa trick Bros., of Brazil, at $24,600, and 
Hendrix and System gravel roads to 
Campbell & Crabb at $4,173 and $10,423, 

Fort Wayne, Ind. — Fifteen street im- 
provements have been authorized. Con- 
■ tracts and bids were as follows: For- 
est Park boulevard, Lake avenue to 
State boulevard. Brooks Construction 
Co., $1.25 per lin. ft. for tarvia macadam 

re] b; preliminary order for tarvia 

macadam entered. Lewis street, Harri- 
son to Ewing, Moellering Construction 
Co., $7.29 for Metropolitan block; Grace 
Construction Co., $6.91 for sheet asphalt 
and $6.65 for anchored bituminous con- 
crete; preliminary order entered for 
sheet asphalt. McClellan street, Lewis 
to Baker. Moellering, $6.58 for Metropoli- 
tan block; Grace, $6.23 for sheet asphalt 
and $5.95 for concrete; preliminary or- 
der entered for asphalt. On the two 
preceding contracts the Moellering Co. 
entered bids on Metropolitan block with 
broken stone foundation, but they were 
not considered for the reason that the 
specifications call for concrete founda- 
tions. College street. Berry to Jones, 
Moellering, $8.36 for Metropolitan block; 
Brooks, $8.51 for Metropolitan block; 
Grace, $7.87 for asphalt and $7.73 for 
concrete; preliminary order entered for 
asphalt. Michigan avenue, alley west of 
Broadway to Nelson, Moellering, $7. OS 
for Metropolitan block; Grace, $7.01 for 
Marion block, $6.67 for asphalt and 
$6.39 for concrete; preliminary order en- 
tered for Metropolitan block. Poplar 
street, Miner to Fairfield, Moellering, 
$6.99 for Metropolitan block; Brooks, 
$7.06 for Metropolitan block; Grace, $6.57 

for asphalt and $6.20 for concrete; pre- 
liminary order entered for concrete. 
Huestis avenue, Fox to Miner, Moeller- 
ing, 87.19 for Metropolitan block; 
Brooks, $7.21 for Metropolitan block; 
Grace, $7.21 for Marion block, $6.81 for 
asphalt and $6.55 for concrete; prelim- 
inary order entered for brick. Miner 
street, intersection of Huestis, Moeller- 
' tor Metropolitan block; Grace, 
$8.93 for Marion block, $8.39 for asphalt 
03 for concrete; Brooks, $9.33 for 
Metropolitan block; preliminary order 
I tor asphalt. WUdwood avenue, 
Calhoun to Webster, Grace, $8.79 lor as- 
phalt and $8.47 for concrete; Moellering, 
$9.25 '•>< .Metropolitan block; preliminary 
order entered for asphalt. Hoagland 
avenue, Leith to Kinnaird, Grace, $7.35 
for asphalt and $7.01 for concrete; Moel- 
lering, $7.78 for Metropolitan block; pre- 
liminary order for asphalt. Beaver ave- 
nue, Home to Kinnaird, Grace, $7.39 for 
asphalt and $7.08 for concrete; Moeller- 
ing, $7.91 for Metropolitan block; pre- 
liminary order for asphalt. Clay street, 
Washington to Holman, Grace, $7.51 for 
asphalt. $7.19 for concrete and $7.84 for 
.Marion block; Brooks, $8.27 for Metro- 
politan block; Moellering, $8.09 for Met- 
ropolitan block; preliminary order for 
brick block. Monroe street, Washington 
to Holman, Grace $7.81 for asphalt, $7.48 
for concrete and $8.14 for Marion block; 
Moellering $8.48 for Metropolitan block; 
Brooks, $S.63 for Metropolitan block; 
preliminary order for brick block. Barr 
street, Suttenfield to Pontiac, Grace, 
$7.23 for asphalt and $6.95 for concrete; 
Moellering, $7.74 for metropolitan block; 
preliminary order for asphalt. Lawton 
place, Spy Run avenue to St. Joseph's 
river, Grace, $8.55 for asphalt and $8.13 
for concrete; Moellering, $9.22 for Met- 
ropolitan block; preliminary order for 

Fort Wayne, Ind. — Erie Stone Co. has 
been awarded contract for constructing 
two stone roads, the Boehnke and the 
Fackley roads. First is to cost $9,999, 
and latter $4,740, total of $14,739. 
Boehnke road is to be stoned for 10,630 
feet, and be under supervision of 
William Boehnke, while Fackley road, 
under supervision of T. C. Boerger, is to 
be stoned for 5,350 feet. 

Goshen, Ind. — Following contracts 
have been awarded: Paving Madison 
street, between 3d and 11th streets with 
Metropolitan brick on gravel and sand 
foundation and sand filler, to Henry 
Cripe, $20,922.78; paving Washington 
street, between 5th and 7th streets, with 
2 inches of Westrumite on 6-inch con- 
crete foundation, to W. W. Hatch Sons 
Co., $4,892.74; paving Monroe street, be- 
tween 3d and 7th streets "with Hocking 
Valley brick on gravel and sand foun- 
dation and sand filler, to W. W. Hatch 
Sons Co., $8,947.58; paving Douglas 
street, between Main and 7th streets, 
with Hocking Valley brick on gravel 
and sand toundation with sand filler, to 
\V. W. Hatch Sons Co., $4,164.86; paving 
3d street, between Pike and Clinton 
streets, and between Lincoln avenue and 
Washington streets with Hocking Valley 
brick, on gravel and sand foundation 
with sand filler, to W. W. Hatch Sons 
Co., $5,536.55; paving Clinton street, be- 
tween 5th and 6th streets, with West- 
luinite on a 6-inch concrete foundation, 
to W. W. Hatch Sons Co., $2,600.23. 

Shenandoah, la By City Council con- 
tract tor construction of 25,000 sq. yds. 
of paving, to be laid this summer to 
Ford Paving Co., of Cedar Rapids, at 
$1.72';;. There were four bids opened, 
other three being Bryant Asphalt Co., of 
Waterloo, whose bid was $1.76; the Des 
Moines Asphalt Paving Co., $1.7314, and 
our local company, Briggs & Corey, 

Baltimore, Sid. — Baltimore county 
commissioners have awarded contracts 
for roads and other improvements as 
follows: For laying concrete pavement 
around Courthouse square in Towson, 
to Harry T. Campbell, whose' bid was 
$1,250. The B. M. Andrews Co. was 
awarded contract to pave one square of 
Chesapeake avenue, opposite courthouse, 
for $3,100. Work of grading Rogers hill 
on Windsor Mill road was given to G. 
W. Arnold, at $1,500, and Dennis Kane 
obtained contract for grading and im- 
proving Liberty road. 

Baltimore, Sid. — Only two concerns bid 
for contract to pave and grade first 
section of the Key highways. Bidders 
for this large contract, which calls for 
Belgian block paving, were David M. 
Andrews Co. and the Consolidated En- 
gineering Co. Andrews concern is ap- 
parently lowest bidder at $3.50 a sq. yd. 
Bids were opened for constructing rail- 
road track to be placed on water front 
street. There were but two bidders for 
this contract, Clarence M. Morfitt made 



Vol. XXXV, No. 3. 

IowmI bid. There were four bidders 
tor sheet asphalt contract No. 63 foi 
paving I Paving 

est bidder at'.' a sq. yd- PavinK 
commission ci I, which also 

calls for sheet asp] brought 

three bidders. $At 81.60 per sq. yd. 
Eastern Pavll .icntly low- 

est bidder. But two bidders competed 

which in. imks vitrified brick and Bel- 
gian block. P ..F Reddington appears 
to be lowest bidder, at 12.24 per sq. yd. 
for vl trill, il brick and (3.65 foi 
block. ted bids 

.^slon for 
opening si rei is. S|.. ciiio: i ouis 
bituminous concrete, P. Flanlgan 8 Sons 
are apparently lowest bidders, 
per sq. yd. Recommendation by paving 
commission that contract No 
awarded Baltimore Asphalt Block & 
Tile Co. was approved by board. 

Holyoke, Haas. By Park Board con- 
tract for curbing on Fairfield ave. green 
to Lyman & Winkler. Contract for walks 
at Elmwood Park has been awarded to 
C. Lalii 

Grand Rapids, Mich. — f . '. i |. enter & 
Anderson contract to resurface Jeffer- 
son a\r. at price of $1.10 a 

Grand Itupldx, Mich. — Contracts for 
Btreet improvements have been award- 
ed by Hoard of Works as follows: Lex- 
ington ave. improvement, to E. W. 
Bunker & Co., tl4.177.69. Ionia ave. to 
be paved with brick, John Kloote & 
.Son, $s.4S>"». 57. Huron st. with brick. 
from Monroe ave. to river, E. \V. Bunker 
& Co., SI. 230.25. Sewer In Sheridan ave.. 
John Meyers, S2.571.25. Seward ave. 1m- 
■ nt. David W. Boyce, S4.S60.bO. 
Improvement of Bloomerich ave.. E. W. 
Bunker & Co.. S3, 476 

Saeinuw, Mich. — By Council, for pav- 
ing, to W. X. Sager. 

sturKlN. Mich. — To Northern Construc- 
.. of Elkhart, Ind.. contract to 
pave Chicago street. Company agrees 
to have street paved by Nov. 1. 

Torch Lake, Mich. — To M. Kulilia of 
Bootjack, contract for one mile of new 

Hutte, Mont — By City Council, con- 
tract for paving in improvement dis- 
trict No. 144, to J. C. ilaguire, at S2.70 
per sq. yd. 

Bayonet N. J. — To McCabe Bros., two 
contracts for improvements of East and 
West 29th streets for figures of S4.519.50 
and S3.606, respectively. 

Bayonne, N. J. — By city council, for 
asphalting of East 17th street and East 
19th street, to Uvalde Asphalt Co., at 
S6 569.11 and S8.938.30. 

Nei\nrk. \. J. — Contracts for all work 
of repaying Bloomlield ave., from city 
line to Glen Ridge, with granite block, 
have been awarded to Newark Paving 
Co. by Board of Freeholders. The New- 
ark Co.'s bids were lowest for each of 
two sections. For first section, which 

includes 2:s sq. yds., concern offered 

to do work for $3.07 a yard, at total 
172,769. Next lowest bidder was 
Cestone Construction Co., whose price 
was S3. 35 a yard and S79.395 for sec- 
tion. Seven bids were received on each 
section, offer for I I section, 

which comprises 11,932 sq. yds.. 
$3.21 a sq. yd., entire section to cost 
bid of S3. 35 a yard 
was repeated in second section and was 
next lowest to Newark Paving bid. Ag- 

r price of latter firm, then, is 

72 (or whole job of 35,632 sq. 
te. Myrtle ave.. according 
Iications, is to be relaid with bit- 
IE concrete for total area of 4,966 
sq. yds. Of this area 1,0X9 yds. must l.e 
in addition resurfaced. At Dotal contract 
120,481.68 this Job went t.. New- 
ton Paving Co.. win-, i.i.i was lowest 

ni. mined. This concern 
io lay pavement tot .1. Only 

2 .is. a square yard separated offer of 
Hi.- .\.u i. oi ( '.. ,i i..] that 
Philip Jamarot 

aid and 
132,361.16 for completi Job. 

\\ on.. i,i. \. p. Bight bids have been 

1 for laying 2. et Ol 

sidewalks in si. Paul plai and Marlon 
Contract was awarded to 
Sharp «.- lie Aml.i | l.idder. 

who Offered t.. d.. v 

Bekeaeetady, \. \ ntracte 

been awarded to W D. Uoodale, 417 

Rugby road, by Board of Contract and 
Supply, lor grading of William St., Wing 

v st. and Milton ave. He was 
low bidder on all work excepting grad- 
ing of Gray st.. for which he was tied 
with Ford & Green, of this city. 
g of these streets will cost city 

. divided as i illows: William St., 

.. vds., at 28 Ct8., 1932.40; Gray si.. 

. vds. at 30 cts.. {491.70; Wing st.. 

2,615 CU. yds. at 26 cts., $07s.9O; M.ltoli 

166 cu. yds. at 33 cts.. S4S1.S0. 
Contract tor construction ol sidewalks 
and driveways on west side of Baker 
i awarded to Bruno Tim- 
poll, ot Schenectady, whose bid of 8)4 
cts. per sq. ft. was low. The total cost 
will amount i i »tner bidders J. C. Connors Co.. 14 cts.; Will 
H. Brown, 11% cts.: W. Gainer Bee, 10% 
cts.; 1 '. Lewis, io cts. 

Schenectady. \. >. — W. D. Goodale, 417 
Rugby Road, has been awarded contract 
for grading four streets, as follows: 
William si., 3.330 cu. yds., at 2nc, >9;!2.U'. 
Gray si., 1,639 yds., at 30c, 8491.70; Wing 
.-t.. 2,616 yds., at -•: cts., Ju.'y. 90; Milton 
ave.. 1,460 yds. at 33c, $481.80; total. $2,- 
bidders on this work were 
Ford & Gre.n, .Neil F. Ryan, Bruno Tim- 
poli and Wade Miller. Contract tor lay- 
ing sidewalks and driveways on west 

Baker ave. has been awarded to 
Brun Timpoii, whose bid 01 9?4c. per sq. 
ft. was lowest. Total cost will be 81,- 
44.. lis. Other bidders were J. C. Connors 
Co., 14c; William H. Brown, ll&c; W. 
Garner Bee. 10&c; D. Lewis, 10c Con- 
tract board has approved bonds of J. W. 
Davitt, of Troy, who has contracts for 
paving 22 streets. 

Syracuse, N. V. — By Solvay village 
board to Sullivan Construction Co. tne 
.Milton avenue paving contract for $74,- 
095.07, lowest of bids submitted several 
weeks ago. Contract calls for 22,200 
square yards of brick pavement, 16,584 
square teet of cement sidewalks, sewer 
connections and manholes. 

Syracuse. N. If. — John Young has sub- 
mitted lowest bid on each set of speci- 
fications for paving Cannon street irom 
West Colvin street to West Newell 
street. Proposals received by board of 
contract and supply for different mate- 
rials under ten-year guarantee were as 
follows: Vitrified brick, combination 
curbing, John Young, $22, 746. 00; War- 
ner-Quinlan Asphalt Co., S25.232. As- 
phalt, combination curbing, John Young, 
W'arner-Quinlan Asphalt Co., 
$23,983. Vitrified brick, stone curbing, 
John Young, $22,992.50; F. J. Baker, $29,- 
202.10; \\ arner-yuinlan Asphalt Co., $26,- 
737.50; Guy B. Dickinson, $2s,493.2u. As- 
phalt, stone curbing, John Young, $24,- 
473.50; F. J. Baker, $27,080.50; W arner- 
yuinlan Asphalt Co., $25,400.50; G. B. 
Dickinson, $26,745.20. 

Canton, O. — E. D. Unkefer. of Minerva, 
has been given contract for construction 
of culvert in .Marlboro township, by 
L'ounty Commissioners. 

Dayton, O. — Contracts have been 
awarded by Bd. of Control in conformity 
with recommendations of Service Direc- 
tor Sebold for repair of certain streets, 
alleys and sidewalks. Thomas Bridges 
& Son of Wabash, Ind., were awarded 
contract for asphalt resurfacing at their 
bid of $1.43 per sq. yd., and for con- 
crete foundation for asphalt at $6 per 
yd. John Wroe was awarded contract' 
for brick resurfacing at his bid of $1.70 
per sq. yd. and concrete foundation for 
brick at his bid of $4.50 per yd. He was 
also awarded contract for replacing of 
various kinds of curbing about the city. 
J. \Y. Kerns & Co. were awarded con- 

; repair Of Cement Sidewalks at 

their bid of lie. per sq. ft. and for re- 
pair of cement alleys at $1.80 per sq. yd 

1 ..Gloria. O — By Loudon township 
trustees for five miles of pike, 
gating 816,611. F. E. Bell will build Bull 
Frog and North Findlay roads. W. 11 
and H. A. Souder the Ebenezer and Dil- 
lon roads; J. H. Souder, Ervin Brubaker 
and J. J. Peter the John Q. Dillon and 
Seever roads. 

iikiiinU.e. okla. — For bituminous con- 
crete on 4-in. cement concrete 1 
Levy ft Levy of Muskegon. Following 
are bids received: Heman Contracting 
''.... excavation, 25c, $2 678.98"; asphalt 
$1.55, $51,979.59; $1.53. S51.30S.89; brick, 
$1.90, $2,394; con. curb and gutter, 53c. 
$11,343.23; Bermudez or Trinidad, $72- 
246.85; 75 per cent. Trinidad 2.". 1 
Col., $71 676.15. Levy & Levy, excava- 
tion. 6c, $642.95; asphalt, $1.50. $."..' 
$1.59, $53,320.99; brick, $2. $2,520- con 
curb and nutter. 54c, $11,557.25; all other 
asphalts $6S,791.36; Bermudez. $71,809 52 

.'. P. McCormick, excavation, 30c, $3,- 
214.77; asphalt. $1.74, $58,351.28; brick. 
-2, $2,520; con. curb and gutter, 65c. $13.- 
911.51; Bermudez, $82,608.55. James G. 
Lyons, C. E., commissioner of public 

■ lethlehem, Pa. — By Bethlehem Coun- 
cil, to R. S. Rathbun, 01 Aiieiitown, con- 
tract to pave 15,00" sq. jiis. ot local 
-treets as a starter at $.: 

< liiirinu. Pa. — For construction of 12,- 
100 sq. yos. dolorway pavement to Sam- 
uel Gamble Co., Carnegie, fa. 

II. mora. Pa, — For construction of 4,260 
sq. yds. doiarway pavement, to Donora 
. ..nstn Co. 

• irove City, Pa. — For paving of Wood- 
land ave. and Ala. lis .11 St. Io 1C. C. 11c- 
'Juiston, New B . construction 

to be of DuBois tx. Butler Brick Co. Co- 
wan repressed block on concrete base 
and concrete curb and gutter; cost about 

McKees Rock, Pa — For construction 
of tuso sq. yds. doiarway pavement, to 
Penn. Doiarway Paving Co., ot Pitts- 
burgh, Pa. 

Reading, 1'a. — Paving contracts 
amounting to $30,000 have oeen awarded 
by Board of PuDiic Works to John K. 
1'aust, tue lowest bidder. These con- 
tracts are principally tor work to be 
done in vicinity 01 new Penn st. bridge, 
but also include repairs in various parts 
of the city. Following are streets to be 
paved and repairs and contract price tor 
the work: Penn St., between Front and 
Second sts., with vitrified 17. S. wood 
block on concrete foundation; the in- 
tersection of Penn and Second sts. with 
vitrified block on concrete; Penn st- to 
Cherry on Second with vitrified block; 
relaying sidewalk and resetting curb on 
west side of Second St.. between Penn 
and Cherry. The U. S. wood block will 
cost $3.39 per sq. yd.; extra concrete, 
$4.85 per cu. yd.; relaying brick side- 
wa.k, 4o cts. per sq. yd.; laying new 
brick sidewalk, 95 cts. per sq. >a., and 
resetting curbs, 15 cts. per lin. ft. These 
contracts were also awarded: Paving 
with Mack block, at $2.25 per sq. vd., 
Cotton st„ from 13th st. to 14in st. ; Sev- 
ond St., 110111 Green st. to oiev si.: Bin- 
gaman St., Irom Eighth St. to Ninth St., 
and Walnut, Irom Eighth to Ninth St. 
Concrete on Grape St., Irom Second to 
Third st. Paving Eigath st., oeiween 
Oley and Douglass sts., with granite 
blocks now in tne hands of the city. Re- 
pair Second • st., between Hudson and 
Green sts., with granite blocks. 

South Bethlehem, Pa By South Beth- 

leham Council to R. s. Rathbon, of Al- 
lentown, contract to lay lo.ouo sq. ft. of 
anuesite street paving at cost of $21,- 

2; 1 ;. lti. 

Rending. Pa. — By Board of Public 
Works ot Reading to J. K. Foust paving 
contracts for $3o,oo0. 

Portsmouth, Va — Contract for paving 
Seaboard Air Line's portion of First st., 
Horn the old Gosport Bridge to .Navy- 
Yard gate in Portsmouth, has been 
awarded to Perry W. Kutn ii Co., of 
Norfolk. This firm already had contract 
for paving Virginia Railway's portion of 
street. Mack block and vitrified brick 
will be used. 

Spokane, Wash. — When bids were 
opened by city council on paving of 
Trent avenue, from Division to Grant 
street, the Spokane Bitu Mass Paving 
Co. had in lowest proposal for Spokane 
bituminous No. 1 at $21,000. for paving- 
most likely to be recommended, and 
Mitchell Brothers had lowest bid on 
standard asphalt, their bid on this being 
$21,021. Following are bids in full: C. 
M. Payne, wood blocks $29,600; Spo- 
kane Bltu-Mass Paving Co., asphalt* 
$21,556; brick, $34,543; bltu-masE 
crete base, $21,000; bitu-mass, 
Spokane No. 1, $21,000. Inland Empire 
Hassam Paving Co., wood block - 
900: brick, $33,793: Spokane No. 1 $21.- 
367; asphalt, $21,357; Hassam concrete. 
$20,656. Mitchell Brothers, concrete, 
brick. 833.855; Spokane No. 1. 
$21,021; asphalt, $21,021. 

Vancouver,, Wash. — For construction 
of 880 sq. yds., of doiarway pavement, 
to Doiarway 1 : Washington. 

Walla Walla, Wash. — For construction 
of 8,190 sq. \.ls. .Luarway pavement, to 
Doiarway Paving Co. of Washington, 
Seattle, Wash. 

July 17, 1913. 

-Smith Vancouver, B. c — For construc- 
tion of 6.O011 so,, yds. dolarwav pave- 
ment, to Dolarway Paving (Jo. of Wash- 


Pnsadena, Cal. — Resolution has been 
i for construction of sewers on 
Franklin av. and Ritzman St. 

Middlctown. Conn — Report has been 
received from Alexander Potter, of New 
York, expert on sewers, concerning plan 
for sewering west end of city and for 
disposing of sewage on Catherine st. 
He proposed disposal plant for Cath- 
erine st. and collection of sewage of 
side at central point and after 
treatment sending it into West River. 
Estimated cost would be about $55,000. 
It is likely that there will be a public 
meeting at which city will be asked to 
issue necessary bonds. 

Watrrlmry. Conn. — A petition asking 
that Watertown sewage be disposed of 
through Waterbury sewage system, 
with request for estimate on cost of so 
doing, has been received by board of 
aldermen and is now in hands of com- 
mittee of which Alderman Farrington 
is chairman. 

Augusta, Gn. — Ordinance has been 
passed providing for construction of 
sewers on Schley St.. from Central ave. 
to Wrightsboro road. W. Lvon Martin, 
Clerk of Council. 

Fort Scott Kan. — Resolution has been 
adopted for construction of storm sewer 
on Margrave street, between Wall street 
and First street. I. S. Howell is coun- 

Halstead, Kan. — Plans have been com- 
pleted for new sewer system and septic 
tank, and date for receiving bids will 
!'■' set In few days. Albert C. Moore, 
Engr.. Independent Bids'., Joplin, Mo. 

Cadillac, Mich. — Prof. Hoad, expert 
engineer from University of Michigan, 
has informed local Board of Public 
Works that Cadillac must build new 
Sewer disposal plant and new pumping 
station at once, at cost of $50,000, to 
rve health of the city. 
■ronton, Minn — City lias voted $15,000 
in bonds for construction of sewers. 

Hanchester, X. H. — Appropriation of 
$100,000 has been recommended for new 
sewers and streets. 

Bloomfield. N. J. — Steps have been 
taken by Montclair and East Orange to 
unite, with Orange, in establishing sew- 
age disposal plant in Soho section of 

Camden, N. J. — Ordinance has been 
passed authorizing construction of sew- 
ers culverts or drains in and along Or- 
chard street from Chestnut street to Mt. 
Vernon street; Ross street from Orchard 
street to Lewis street: Tenth Btrc 
Butler street to Lowell street, and Mor- 
ton street and Lowell street from Tenth 
street to Mt. Ehpraim avenue. W. D. 
Brown is clerk. 

Perth Amhoy, X". J. — Ordinance has 
been introduced and passed upon Its 
first reading for issuance of sewer ex- 
tension bonds in amount of $23,500. 

Perth Amboy, N. J. — Ordinance has 
been passed for laying of 15-inch pipe 
sewer with house connections to Con- 
very place from Xew Brunswick avenue 
to Sayre avenue and for laying of 10- 
inch pipe sewer with house connections 
on avuene from Brace avenue to 
Harrington street. W. LaRoe, city Clerk. 
Trenton. X. J. — Plans for new sewage 
plant will be sumbitted to City 
Commissioners. Plans will be presented 
by Commissioner Fell. Hering & Greg- 


ory, consulting engineers, estimate cost 
of plant at $1S0,000. 

Trenton, x. j. — Ordinance has been 
gassed to authorize construction of 
Sewer Xo. 533 in Pennington ave., Hoff- 
man ave., Oliver ave. and across lands 
Of Cadwalader estate. Frank Thomp- 
son is City Clerk. 

Trenton, X. J — Ordinance has been 
passed providing for construction of 
Drain Xo. 110. crossing lands of Trenton 
Water Power Co. and American Bridge 
Co. Frank Thompson is Citv Clerk. 

Binghamton. X. V. — Construction of 
storm water sewer in Water street has 
been authorized. 

Blnghamton, x. Y — Immediate steps 
will be taken to construct sewage dis- 
posal plant. 

Brooklyn, X. Y. — Authorizations have 
been given by Board of Estimate for 62 
public improvements in Brooklvn and 
Queens, estimated cost $1,734,200. Of 
above named. 25 are final authorizations 
for Brooklyn, estimate cost $183,300, and 
four for Queens, estimated cost $1,319 - 
100. Twenty-three are preliminary au- 
thorizations for Brooklyn, estimated cost 
and ten for Queens, estimated 
cost $106,300. By far most important 
authorization is that of 51st st. sewer. 
Corona, estimated cost $1,260,900. This, 
in connection with 43d st. contract, part 
of same undertaking and outlet for 
which is in Flushing Bay, is one of 
largest sewer projects ever carried out 
in City of Xew York. It provides for 
storm drainage and house sewerage of 
territory comprising from 7,000 i 
acres all that section of town of New- 
town north from Middle Village and 
Metropolitan ave. to Flushing Bay and 
Bowery Bay. and with lateral main's will 
involve expenditure of several millions 
of dollars. 

Eastwood, X". Y. — Bonds in sum of 
$85,000 for sewer construction will be 
sold. Bids will be received until 4 p. m., 
July 17. Walter P. Jackson. Village 

Elm Point, L. I.. X. Y. — Installation of 
septic tank for sewerage purposes is 
being discussed. 

Herkimer, X. Y. — Plans for proposed 
sewage disposal plant for village of Her- 
kimer have been completed by Engineer 
John J. Taney and copies have been filed 
with municipal commission of this vil- 
1 state departments of health. 
$35,000 to $40,000 is estimated amount of 
cost of construction. Plans provide for 
pumping system to be operated about 
three months a year, when conditions 
caused by high water demand. Plans 
call for locating of sewage disposal plant 
about half way between hydraulic canal 
and Washington st. near Mohawk river. 
System is known as filtering svstem. 

Rochester, X. V. — Clerk Frank X. Pi- 
fer has been directed to advertise for 
bids for road work on site of proposed 
sewage disposal plant in Irondeiiuoit. 

Schenectady. X. Y. — Sewer bonds 
amounting to $380,000 have been sold. 

Scotia, X. Y — Bids will be received bv 
E. C. Hoyt, Village Clerk, until 8 p. m.. 
July 21, for purchase of $S,000 sewer 

Scotia. X. Y — Bids will be received bv 
Village Clerk until 2 p. m.. July 21. for 
purchase of $8,000 sewer bonds. E. C. 
Hoyt. Village Clerk. 

Akron. O. — Ordinance has been passed 
for construction of various sewers. 

Lowellsvllle. O. — Bids will be received 
by C. W. Baker. Village Clerk, until 12 
noon. Aug. 1. for purchase of bonds in 
sum of $19,700 for construction of storm 
water sewers. 


Massilion, O. — Ordinance No. 1020, pro- 
viding for construction of sanitary sew- 
er in part of Center St.. has been re- 
ferred to committee on sewers. 

Erie, Pa — Ordinances have been 
passed for construction of various sew- 

West View, Pa. — Ordinance has been 
passed to increase indebtedness of bor- 
ough in sum of $30,000 for construction 
of sewer extensions. W. H. Skiles is 
president of council. 

Wt on.socket, R. I. — Committee has 
recommended passage of resolution ap- 
propriating $l,7S0 for sewer construc- 
tion work. Passage of resolution ap- 
propriating $3,200 for building of sur- 
face drain for Willow st. and Davison 
ave has also been recommended. 

Howard, s. D — city Council has re- 
jected all bids for construction of pro- 
posed sewerage system in Howard, on 
ground that they were all too high. Xew 
bids will be advertised for. 

Bingham, Utah. — Sewer system is be- 
ing considered by county commissioners. 

Petersburg Va — Council has appro- 
priated $13,000 for building of storm 
sewer on West st. to Appomattox River. 

Milwaukee, Wis. — Sum of $95,000 will 
be expended on sewer in Dakota street 
from First avenue to American avenue. 

Superior, Wis — Bonds in sum of $9.- 
000 will shortly be sold for construction 
of sewers at Billings Park. 

Xingara Falls, Ont. — Stamford council 
has passed by-law authorizing bond is- 
sue of $2,500 to cover costs of sewer for 
Cyanamid plant. The Cyanamid Co. will 
construct sewer, and turn it over to cor- 
poration in return for bonds. 


Los Angeles. Cal. — For construction 
of sewer in Xevin Way. from 32d to Pal- 
omares ave.. to McLean & Walsh, 1706 
Arlington ave.. Los Ange'es. at $13 000. 

San Jose. Cal. — To Casley & Henwood 
contract for construction of sewers in 
Hollywood. Jackson and Humboldt 
streets, at $2,628. 

Bridgeport. Conn. — Commission has 
decided to construct sewer in Golden 
Hill St.. and contract has been awarded 
to Burns Co., lowest bidders. 

Lexington, Ky. — To Carey-Reed Co., 
for construction of sewers in various 

(•rand Rapids, Mieb. — For construc- 
tion of Pine ave. sewer, to Verbey & 
Kloet, at $750.90, and Ethel ave. sewer, 
to John J. Reus at $415.30. 

St. Paul, Minn. — Bv Board of Public 
Works to Thornton Bros.. Scandinavian- 
Am. srican Bank Bldg.. for construction 
of Randolph st. sewer at $43,7S7. 

Hammonton, X. J. — The Hammonton 
sewers commissioners have awarded 
contract for construction of sewer pipe 
line to Cantrell Construction Co., of 
Philadelphia and for disposal plant to 
Atlantic Construction & Supply Co. of 
Atlantic City. 

Hammonton, X. J. — Contract for erec- 
tion of big sewage disposal plant here 
has been awarded to Atlantic Construc- 
tion Co., Atlantic City, on bid of $21,000, 
and that for laying of 11 miles of sew- 
ers, to Cantrell Construction Co., Phila- 
delphia, on bid of $53,556.11. 

Trenton, X. J. — To Gibbs & Buchic- 
chiOj contracts for building sewers in 
Calhoun and Southard streets and in 
Cromwell alley. The McGovern Con- 
tracting Co. was awarded contract for 
sewer in Allen street. 

Chicago. III. — Bids received for construction of sewer outlet, at South 56th and South 52d Aves.. June 26, 1913 — (1) Alex. 
N. Todd; (2) Nash-Dowdle Co.; (3) H. J. McNichols Co.; (4) James Healy; (5) Xash Bros.; (6) Byrne Bros. Dredging & Eng. Co.; 
(7) The Parker- Washington Co.: 

Estimated (1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) 

Quantities. Price. Price. Price. Price. Price. Price. Price. 

54,000 cu. yds. earth excavation $0.90 $1.42 $0 76 $1.50 $1.30 $0,65 $0.94 

210 cu. yds. concrete, Class A 10.80 16.00 12.00 11.00 12.00 10.00 15.00 

12,734 cu. yds. concrete, Class B 9.60 9.25 6.50 9.50 8.50 9.00 7.75 

30 cu. yds. brick masonry 8.00 24.00 18.00 18.00 20.00 12.00 15.00 

238,000 lbs. reinforcing steel 0.04 0.03 0.04H 0.04 1 ,* 0.04 0.05 0.04 

140 ft. 4-in. vitrified pipe 0.10 0.25 0.50 " 0.20 " 0.25 1.00 0.20 

50 ft. 24-in. vitrified pipe 1.00 3.00 3.00 2.50 3.00 4.00 2.00 

300 cu. yds. gravel and stone in roadways 2.00 3.00 2.50 2.50 3.00 1.00 2.00 

8.100 lbs. Iron castings 0.05 0.03 0.04 0.05 0.03 0.02 0.03 

7,000 lbs. structural steel 0.05 0.04 0.06 05 0.04 05 0.10 

Crossing Ogden Ditch-56th Av. flump sum) 16,000.00 11.200.00 4,000.00 5.000.00 10.800.00 3,000.00 4,000.00 

Crossing Ogden Ditch-52d Av, flump sum) 16,000.00 3,000.00 6,125.00 5.000.00 4,500.00 3,000.00 4.000.00 

Crossing under C. & I. W. Rv. flump sum) . 500.00 1,500.00 2,500.00 2,000.00 1.500 00 1.000.00 1,500 00 

Outfall flump sum) 4.000.00 4.SOO.00 2,560.00 6.000.00 3,500.00 1,500.00 4,000.00 

Weir and water level recorder (lump sum). 200.00 500.00 200.00 2,000.00 250.00 200.00 310.00 

9,960 ft. piling 0.40 0.68 0.40 125 0.60 50 0.50 

1 M. bd. ft. plank foundation 20 00 20.00 20.00 20.00 20.00 20.00 20.00 

1 M. bd. ft. sheeting left in place 15.00 15.00 15.00 15.00 15.00 15.00 15.00 

1 cu. yd. rock excavation 3.00 3.00 3.00 3.00 3.00 3.00 3.00 

Total amount $225,015.40 $235,10S.30 $158,702.00 $249,679.00 $219,051.00 $178,936.00 $183,067.50 



Vol. XXXV, No. 3. 

\\ I'Hiiii-hl. N. J. — Contract to construct 

'"osta & 

inge, M. J., .a • 

liiiiuluiniim!. V \. — Two sewer con- 

bave been let bj Board of Con- 

- rid Supply Water 

Frank Stento, $:i., Plgna- 

tello, $3 aided to 


tello. $2,300; G :;na, $2.- 

-44.1 m. Contract was awarded to George 


Niagara lulu. \. \. City Engineer 

Parkhurst has recommended to board 

Of public works Hi. awarded 

i □ construct si 
Royal avenue and Kings street, be re- 
i and i-ity clerk has been in- 
structed to readvertlse for bids return- 
able .lulv 16. 

V< n. k. \. t .—To Gallo, at $1,- 

contract for proposed sewer ex- 
: in Midland avenue, by board of 
trust ■ 

Schenectady, V \. — Bids tor construc- 
tion of sewage disposal plant and inter- 
cepting sewer have been received. Bids 
on sewage plant were subdivided into 
57 items and one on sewer into 23 items. 
Lowest bid on construction of 
plant was from Piatt. Reed & Philips, 
of Watertown, who were considerably 
lower than any other contractors. Thev 
bid $229. 079. 5u for "A" type of plant and 
$224,584.50 for "B" type. It is probable 
that "A" type, which is the more expen- 
sive, will be built. Other bidders and 
bids were: Parke,. Hasson Co., New 
York City. "A," $243,286; 'B." $241,286. 
Charles Ippolito. Orange. N. J., "A," 
$248,160: "B." $245,553. Vrooman & 
'.ioversville. "A." 5250.517.50; "B," 
$245,122.60. Brown & Lowe. Schenec- 
tady, •■A." $254,381.20; "B," $251,556.20. 
Martin, Murray & Co., Troy, "B," 

Schenectady, X. V. — Bid submitted by 
Chas. Ippolito of Orange. N. J., for con- 
struction of trunk sewer will probably 
be accepted by Board of Contract & 
Supply. Following is summary of bids: 
Reinforced concrete, Ippolito, $4" 
Brown & Lowe, $50,932.50. Monolithic. 
Ippolito, $48,727.10; Brown & Lowe, SJ7- 
023.60. Tile and monolithic, Oppolito. 

$47,694.60; Brown & Lowe. (55, .85. 

Tile and reinforced concrete, Ippolito, 
J45.191.S0; Brown * Lowe, $57,147.75. 

Knlelgh. W. C. — To Jacobs. Gribble & 
Co. of Durham. City Council has award- 
ed contract for construction of concrete 
settling- basin. Bids were also submit- 
ted by following persons or firms; J. G. 
Council Company and F. H. Hunnicutt. 
Raleigh; Southern Building & Construc- 
tion Co.. Goldsboro: J. A. Gabourv A 
Son. Jackson. Ala., and B. O. CopelancT. 
Richmond, Va. The cost will be about 
$5,000 and the basin is to be completed 
by October 1st. Bids for earth excava- 
tion ran from 31 cts. to $1.25 per cu. yd.; 
for the rock excavation, from 90 cts" to 
$6.50 per cu. yd.; and for the concrete 
and forms from $8.50 to $13.50 per cu. 
yd., the lowest figures representing the 
bid of Jacobs. Gribble * •'". 

Henryetta, Okln. — For construction of 
sanitary sewer mains to J. O. Severn?. 
of Oklahoma City, at $24,886. Some of 
other bidders with their totals are: Bash 
& Gray, Joplln i onnellv 

Construction Co.. El Reno. $33,834.88: H. 
Oklahoma Pit:. $29,154.96; He- 
man Construction Co., St Louis. Mo , 
$31,401.45; Inland Construction Co., 
Chandler. $36,635: Reinhart & Donovan, 
Oklahoma City. $37,817.35; N. S. Sherman 
Machine & Iron Works. Oklahoma City, 
$33,760.10; F. S. Smedlev. Muskogee. $26,- 
780.70; J. W. Stokes Construction Co.. 
Oklahoma City, $38,637.90. 

Illalrsvllle. Pn. — To construct 10,000 
ft. of 6-in. house connections, 12,000 ft 
of 8-ln. house connections, 25 manholes 
brick or concrete, with standard iron 
cover, 18 lampholes of 8-in. pipe, terra 
cptta, with standard Iron cover and 
about 500 8x«-ln. Y re lucers to L G 
McGulre ft Co., New Brighton. Pa., at 
">. Hugh R. Wiley is City Clk. 

Nim Kensington, Pa. 1 

tlon of sewage disposal plant bv Bor- 
tncll, to W K Herbert. Union- 
Pa., at sin.500. 
Saoaomlah, Wn«h. — Contract for sub- 
-C has been awarded to Cascade 
Construction Co. of Seattle, onlv bidder 
whose bid was under engineer's esti- 

Pids read as foil, 
r.°r^ r „ uo,lon Co - *M19; Will Henry, 
Walsh & Chrlstensen, $1 439 70 
stlmate, ?i i 
Janmvllle. \\ |~. , t for con- 

struction of 2,200 ft in di 8 . 

tricts N'os. 3. 14 and 15 will prohabiv 
be awarded to Frank 1'. Cavil of Wau- 
kesha, who submitted lowest bid open- 

ed by Board of Public Works — $1,599.69. 
cither bids submitted were: Rob 

-•v Mulholland & 


- wers will 

II ii Garfield St., 

Home Park ave., and Clark st. 


Baeondldo, t'nl. — Citizens have voted 
to Issue $100,000 bonds for construction 
of waterwi' 

Baal Hartford, luni, — Construction of 

Bast Hartford, Cum. — Superintendent 
Of Water Works John H. Walsh will in- 
stall new S-inch gate in water main at 
,nn st. and Burnside ave. 
Washington, D. C. — House Committee 
on Public Lands has agreed to the Raker 
bill to authorize city and county of San 
Francisco to immediately undertake 
"00 project for bringing water 
supply for San Francisco and adjacent 
cities from Hetch Hetchy Valley, in 
Yosemite National Park. 

Indianapolis, Ind. — Plans and specifi- 
- for repair of Riverside dam, in 
White river, has been adopted by board 
of park commissioners. 

Fort Scott. Knn. — City Council has de- 
cided to install steam pump at water 
works. Contract has been awarded to 
Allis-Chalmers Co. at $18,900. 

Louisville, Kj — Ordinances have been 
passed for installation of fire hydrants 
in various streets. 

Thibodeaux, La, — City is contemplating 
plan to pipe water from Mississippi 
River at Donaldsonville, distance of 
about 15 miles. 

Pittslield, Me. — Better water supply is 
being considered. 

Haverhill. Mass. — Citizens of West 
Haverhill and Avers Village are discus- 
sing improvement of water supply. 

New Bedford, Mass. — Extension of wa- 
ter pipes in various streets has been 
petitioned for. 

Swnmpseott. Mass. — At special meeting 
of water and sewerage commissioners 
bids for laying of water pipes in Banks 
terrace and at Little's point were 
opened. Owing to closeness of two of 
bids contracts for' work were not award- 
ed, figures being taken under Consider- 
ation by members of board. The bids 
were as follows: Abram French, 26 cts. 
per lin. ft. for trench digging and $2 per 
lin. ft. for ledge work on both contracts': 
H. Scott Tuttle, 23 cts. per lin. ft. for 
trench digging and $2 per lin. ft. for 
ledge work on both contracts: James T. 
Lyons. 23 cts. per lin. ft. for trench dig- 
ging and $1.4S per lin. ft. for ledge work 
on the Banks terrace contract, and 22 
cts. per lin. ft. for trench digging and 
$1 per lin. ft. for ledge work cTn the Lit- 
tle's point contract; M. McDonough Co.. 
20 cts. per lin. ft. for trench digging and 
$1.50 per lin. ft. for ledge work on both 
ts. There are about 400 lin. ft. of 
pipe to be put in on Banks terrace and 
about S00 lin. ft. of pipe to be put in at 
Little's point. 

Sasrinnvr, Mich — Board of Water Com- 
missioners has recommended laying of 
force mains into business districts Es- 
timated cost. $100,000. 

Duluth. Minn. — Ordinance appropriat- 
ing $85,000 for improvement for water 
and light department has been 

■ ronton. Minn. — City has voted $15,- 
000 in bonds for construction of water- 

Trenton. X. J. — Chancellor Walker, in 
Court of Chancery has upheld right of 
State 'Water Supplv Commission to pur- 
chase Wharton lands in Atlantic and 
Burlington counties, which are intended 
to be used as watersheds for supplying 
water to cities in Southern Xew Jersey, 

Ilnrberton. O.-— Better water supply is 
being discussed. 

Youngstoivn, O.- — Bids will be readver- 
tised for construction of Milton reser- 

Oregon City. Ore. — Citv is planning to 
get water supply from Portland Bull Run 
pipe line. 

Coudersport. Pa. — Citizens are said to 
'>>nd issue for con- 
struction of municipal waterworks 

l.micnstrr. S. C. — Citizens have 
in favor of $12,000 bond issue for im- 
proving and extending water system 

liny City, Tex. — City council has in- 
structed Mayor to purchase four miles 
of 4-lnoh pipe to extend water mains 
and also to purchase necessary number 

of fire plugs. 

Dallas, Tex. — City secretary has been 
instructed to advertise for bids on 500 
6-8-10 cast-iron pipe. 

Haskell, Tex — Extensions to water 
system here is planned, and bonds for 
purpose have been issued. 


proved of resolution to submit to vote 
question of $10,000 bond issue for in- 
stalling water system. Plan includes 
purchase of Grism Springs, installing 
pumping plant and reservoir, and laying 
In principal streets. 

D111 ton. w 11 Kb. — Plans are being pre- 

iiy Jones & Flagg. of McMlnn- 

vilb. Ore., for constructing municipal 

orks, to Include 32,000 ft. of wood 


Menominee. Win. — Although its fran- 
chise, granted In 1885, would not expire 
for 32 years, Menominee Water Co. has 
taken indeterminate franchise under 
provisions of public utility law and city 
will hold special election to vote on 
proposition to purchase plant at figure 
to be placed on it by railroad commis- 

Mnnville, Wyo. — City is said to be dis- 
cussing proposition of $20,000 bond is- 
sue for waterworks. 

Gait, Ont. — Citizens have authorized 
$70,000 bond issue for waterworks ex- 
tensions, including construction of trunk 


Elgin, III. — For constructing west side 
standpipe, and a 500.000 gal. steel water 
tank, to Chicago Bridge & Iron Works 
of Chicago, at about $20,400. Wm. F. 
Sylla is City Clk. 

Decatur, Ind. — For constructing rein- 
forced concrete reservoir, to Meyers & 
Richards, of Decatur, at $3,636. 

\i'n Hertford. Moms. — By water board, 
for supolving about 30 tons of lead pipe, 
to Chadwick Boston Lead Co., at $5.17 
per 100 lbs. 

Grand Rnpids. Mich. — For laying of 
water pipes, to Verbey & Kloet, at 

Newark. X. J. — Contract for supply- 
ing pumping machinery to Newark Bay 
pumping station which is to be part of 
Passaic Valley trunk sewer project, has 
been awarded by Passaic Valley sewer- 
age commission to Camden Iron Works. 
whose bid was $229,600. Other bidders 
were Allis-Chalmers Co.. of Milwaukee, 
$232,000; Bethlehem Steel Co.. South 
Bethlehem. Pa.. $261,000; Watts Camp- 
bell Co.. of Newark. $276,500. 

Xewhurgh. X. Y. — Bids for furnishing 
20 tons of 6-inch water pipe have been 
received by Supt. Stanton. One was 
from Warren Foundry & Machine Co.. 
of Xew York. Price was $24.50 per net 
ton with 2%c. per pound for fittings. 
Another proposal was from United 
States Cast Iron Pipe & Foundry Co. 
of Philadelphia, and was $25 per ton 
for pipe and 2 s 4 c. per pound for fittings. 
Third bid was from Charles Millar & 
Son Co. of Utica. Pipe was $24.80 per 
ton and fittings 2^ic. per pound. Con- 
tract was awarded to Warren Foundry 
& Machine Co. 

Xinanrn Falls, N\ Y. — To Shepard & 
Callahan, two contracts for laying water 
mains, by Board of Water Commission- 
ers. They bid $1,717.75 for mains in 
DeVeaux st.. Whirlpool and Vanderbilt 
aves.. and $387.30 for main in Whitney 
ave. from Fifteenth to Seventeenth St. 

Plensnntville. X. Y". — For construct- 
ing concrete reservoir and pipe line from 
plans of Lipnincott Eng. Co.. 30 East 42d 
street. New York city, to Hughes & Gar- 
dener of North Tarry-town, at $9,561 for 
contract 1 and $903 for contract 2. 

Pleasant City- O. — For constructing 
waterworks to T. R. Stone, of Lima, at 

Levtistnn, Utah — To Wheelwright 
Construction Co.. of Ogden, contract for 
installation of modern water works sys- 
tem at Lewiston Water will be brought 
from large snring east of Franklin. Ida., 
and entire distributing system will be 
Matheson joint steel. Contract calls for 
the completion of work by Dec. 1, and 
will cost $75,000. 

Paj-snn. t'tah. — Contract for city wa- 
terworks has been let to Wheelwright 
Construction Co. of Ogden. The bonds 
for $43,000. which city voted to issue 
some time ago for installing water- 
works, will be bought by contracting 
company. Tt has been estimated that 
svstem will cost between $45,000 and 
S50.000. and deficiency will be made up 
from taxation. 

Front Royal, Vn. — For constructing 
water works and sewer svstem. to Wm. 
Tunny, of Joliet. 111., at $28,550. 

Golilemlnle, Wnsh. — To Consolidated 
Contract Co.. of Portland. Ore., for 600.- 
000-gal reservoir; cost, about $21,000. 

Seattle, Wnsh — Bv Board of Public 
Works. for Installing hydrants In 
Thirty-second ave. Northwest to Wash- 
ington Construction Co. at $1,312. 

Municipal Journal 

Volume XXXV. 

NEW YORK, JULY 24, 1913 

No. 4 



At Forebay of Municipal Water Power Pumping Plant.— Constructed by Municipal Forces— Steel Piles Cut 
by Oxyacetylene Burner.— Methods Employed. — Difficulties Encountered. — Cost. 

Bj- JOHN McNEAL, M. Ami Soc C B 

The undermining of the stone retaining wall at the 
forebay at the municipal- water power pumping plant of 
Columbia, S. C, necessitated the reconstruction of a new 
wall. This forebay is located on the comparatively nar- 
row bank between the canal and Congaree river which 
it parallels, and two gate openings allow the water to 
pass from the forebay, through the penstocks, to the 
turbines in the pumping plant. At the location of the 
forebay, the canal is about 160 feet in width and the 
water 13 feet in depth. 

Before the work was started on the reconstruction of 
the fallen retaining wall, the Water Works Department 
constructed a flume through the forebay to carry the 
water to one of the penstocks, which allowed the use 
of one of the turbines during the reconstruction of the 

In order to admit of the operation of one of the tur- 
bines, it was decided by the writer to construct a steel 
pile retaining wall, parallel with and very' close to the 
line of the original stone retaining wall. The construc- 

City Engineer, Columbia. South Carolina, 
tion of a crib coffer-dam would have prevented the oper- 
ation of one water power turbine and greatly delayed 
the work, and for this reason, as well as economy in 
cost, a steel pile wall was decided on. 

The wall as designed was 42 feet in length with one 
right angle bend 7 feet in length and a return bend at an 
angle of 110 degrees, 18 feet in length, enclosing the re- 
maining portion of the original retaining wall and ex- 
tending into the bank of the canal a sufficient distance 
to prevent the water from penetrating the canal bank 
at the point of contact. 

Lackawanna 14-inch arched web steel sheet piling 
three-eighths of an inch in thickness was used in the 
construction. These piles were made of structural steel 
of the quality required for standard I-beams and chan- 
nels, and two coats of graphite paint applied before 

The original piles were 31 feet in length, which allowed 
for a penetration below the bed of the canal of 15 feet. 
Some of the piles were driven to this maximum depth, 



Vol. XXXV, No. 4. 

but at other points bedrock was encountered and the 
averagi depth of penetration for the entire wall was 12 
feet below the bed of the canal, each pile being driven 


At the junction of the steel pili wall with the head 
wall of the forebay, which was not damaged by the fall 
of the retaining wall, at the suggestion of the Lacka- 
wanna Steel Company, a special .section of steel pile was 
made, which provided for a half-section steel pile with 
an angle bolted on each side of the web of the pile, 
which made a straight flange section next to the head 
wall through which holts were driven into the lie. id 
wall and the steel wall firmly anchored thereto. 

In driving this section, it was found that unforeseen 
obstacles prevented driving the pile as closely to the 
wall as was anticipated. It was consequently necessary, 
upon completion of the work, to enclose the space be- 
tween the head wall and the face of the angles with a 
solid concrete block, which extended from the surface 
>>i the water to the bottom of the canal, and solidly 
united the space between the steel section and the head 
wall. The anchor bolts were concreted with this section 
at the same time. Fish tail bolts were used to anchor 
the steel pile to the head wall. 

The onl) hammer available for this work was a drop 
hammer one thousand pounds in weight. A pile driver 
was constructed on the ground and the entire work 
driven with this light hammer. In this connection. I 
might add that the driving of a steel pile twelve hundred 
and sixty-five pounds in weight with a one thousand 
pound hammer was not an easy task, but the work was 
well and successfully accomplished by the superintendent 
in charge of the work, Wm. A. Moore. 

In one part of the work a log or 12x12 timber was en- 
countered and it was necessary to drive the pile com- 
pletely through it. as removal of the obstruction was 
out of the question. This was accomplished with the 
light hammer above described, somewhat to our 
surprise, as the fall of the hammer, on the first 
blows after the obstacle was encountered, was 
a little over three feet only. Patience, however, in 
this case was very necessary, as the obstacle was only 
overcome by persistent hammering for a period of about 
three hours. During the construction it was found nec- 
essary to withdraw one or two of the piles and this was 
found to be rather a difficult task with the light driver 
and derrick which was used in the construction. 

Great care was exercised in the construction of the 
wall to prevent the piles from leaning in any direction 
and the entire work was finished almost true to line and 
the idles vertical. 

Upon completion of the driving, light angles were run 
along the inside of the steel wall and tie rods run through 
these angles to the anchor piles, which were driven in 
the rear of the wall. Tie rods were also run from one 
side of the wall to the other at points where the con- 
struction of the wall admitted. 

\ few feet were cut from the top of four of the, 
piles with an oxyacetylene gas flame burner, during the 
construction, in order to save time. The projections of 
these piles interfered with the operation of the pile 
driver, but were quickly removed by the burner. 

Upon completion of the driving, the interlocks of the 
Steel idles were filled with Portland cement in order to 
unite the piles and make the interlocks act integral in 
the wall. Steel piles of this design do not form water- 
tight joints, unless the interlocks arc filled with cement 
or oakum to prevent leaking. 

Concrete was also p a portion of the inside 

of the steel wall, extending from the base of the canal 
to water surface, in order to protect the steel next to the 
old stone wall which was left in place. 

The steel piles were delivered to this city by the Lack- 
awanna Steel Company of Buffalo, X. V., at a cost of 
$1.97 per hundred pounds and the actual cost of the 
completed work, including the cost of the steel piling, 
was about $2,500, The entire wall was constructed in a 
little less than two months. 

The entire work was done by the city force under the 
supervision of the writer. 

This steel wall was built as a permanent wall and has 
accomplished the purpose for which it was constructed. 


Of Reinforced Concrete, With Cast Iron Siphon. — 

Details of Grit Chamber. — Construction in 

Tunnel. — Seepage Measurement. 

In 1910 there was established for the city of Fitchburg, 
Mass., a sewage disposal commission, to which was 
entrusted the construction of works for removing from 
the Nashua river, which flows through the city, the 
pollution caused by sewage which enters it at a number 
of points, and the disposal of this sewage in a manner 
satisfactory to the State Board of Health. This end is 
being secured by building an intercepting sewer parallel 
to the river and crossing it at four points, and con- 
structing at its lower end. just inside the eastern corner 
of the city, a sewage disposal plant consisting of primary 
and secondary Imhoff tanks, sprinkling filters and 
sludge beds. Up to the present time about three miles 
of the intercepting sewer have been completed, but work 
has not yet begun on the purification plant. This in- 
tercepter consists of a reinforced concrete sewer in suc- 
cessive lengths of 48 inches. 45 inches and 36 inches in 
diameter, and at the lower end a siphon of 30-inch cast 
iron pipe 5.070 feet long which carries the sewage across 
low land to the filtration ground, which is reached with- 
out pumping: the inverted siphon falling to a point 
about 40 feet below the hydraulic radiant. 

At the junction of the siphon with the 48-inch sewer 
there has been constructed a siphon chamber so arranged 
that when the flow of the sewer exceeds the capacity 
of tlie 30-inch siphon the excess will spill to the river 
through a 24-inch pipe line. The capacity of the 30- 
inch siphon is about 11 million gallons per day, and as 
the present flow of sewage is only about one-half of 
this amount, it is only at times of considerable rain that 
anything from the sewer will flow through the overflow 
pipe to the river. The siphon chamber is so constructed 
as to provide for adding a 36-inch inverted siphon line 
when the normal flow of sewage about equals the capa- 
city of the present 30-inch line. When this has been 
constructed the overflow can be so regulated by stop 
planks that no sewage will be diverted to the river until 
the amount flowing in the 48-inch sewer exceeds the 
capacity of both siphon lines. 

When the 30-inch pipe is carrying the present amount 
of sewage the velocity of flow will be about 1$4 feet per 
second. It is believed that this will be sufficient to pre- 
vent clogging if no gravel or sand reaches the siphon. 
To insure this, there has been constructed, about 1.400 
feet above the siphon chamber, a grit chamber to inter- 
cept all heavy matters. Also provision has been made 
for blowing out the inverted siphon by placing a blow- 
off pipe at the crossing of the river, which is also the 
lowest point of the siphon. An additional reason for 
constructing the grit chamber was to prevent any min- 
eral matter from reaching the disposal plant. The grit 
chamber would naturally have been located immediately 
above the upper end of the inverted siphon, but the 
sewer at this point was laid across private property and 

July 24, 1913. 



it was thought desirable to avoid any complications as 
to access, etc., by placing the grit chamber in the sewer 
department yard, there being no connection entering 
the sewer between these two points. 

This grit chamber, the details of which are shown in 
the accompanying drawing, has a total length of 53 
feet 9 inches, and a maximum inside width of 18 feet. 
The sump or grit catcher, situated below the sewer in- 
vert, is 31 feet 6 inches long, 8 feet wide and about 7J 
feet deep. At the lower end of the sump is a pump 
well with a 4-inch centrifugal pump vertically con- 
nected with an electric motor, with which to remove 
the water from the sump when it is desired to remove 
the sand and gravel settled from the sewage. The ma- 
terial collected in the sump will be removed in buckets 
through manholes provided in the floor and roof of the 
chamber. There is a 6-inch opening in the line of the 
sewer invert through the grit chamber floor the full 
length of the sump. Spaced 2 feet apart there are 
placed in this opening iron baffle plates, the tops of, 
which are of the same shape as and at the grade' of the 
sewer invert. These baffles are designed to arrest the 
Bow of any mineral matter beginning to settle and di- 
vert it into the sump. The floor of the grit chamber 
was designed both in plan and section so that the 
velocity of the flow would be about one foot per sec- 
ond, no matter what volume was flowing in the 48-inch 
sewer. The accompanying table gives data relative to 
velocities in the main sewer and grit chamber for the 






Area of 


maximum city 


Depth Veloci 

:y water 












in grit 


per day. 






1 1 nimum, 







1910 Average, 







in In Maximum 







1910 Storm, 







1940 Average, 







ity of 4 ft. sewer with grade of .001 = 39.38 cubic feet 
per second. 
Velocity of 4 ft. sewer with grade of .001 = 3.13 feet per 
All above computations with n = ,015 in Kutter's formula. 

probable flow under conditions immediately following 
the completion of the construction and also for the 
average domestic sewage in 1940. 

At the lower end of the grit chamber there is placed 
a screen so that any large matters in the sewage will be 
removed. This screen is made of 2-inch by ^-inch flat 
bars spaced 2 inches apart on centers, making the open- 
ings between bars 1^ inches. A 48-inch sluice gate 
is placed at each end of the grit chamber and a 24-inch 
by-pass constructed so that at times of removing grit 
from the sump the sewage will be carried around the 
chamber; but the by-pass will be used only when there 
is no storm water in the sewage. 

The grit chamber is roofed over at the surface of the 
ground with a concrete slab reinforced with I beams 
and wire mesh. A small brick building for housing the 
electric motor and other equipment is to be erected this 

This grit chamber was constructed under contract 
with the International Construction Company of Bos- 
ton. The work included 667.1 cubic yards of earth ex- 
cavation at $1.75; 224.64 yards of rock excavation at $7; 
180.22 yards of concrete masonry at $17; 1638.4 pounds 
of steel bars and fabric at 5 cents; hauling and placing 
12.044 pounds of steel work at 3 cents; 6.4 cubic yards 
of brick masonry in manholes at $15; laying 65.32 feet 
of 24-inch by-pass pipe at $4; hauling and setting 4 
sluice gates, $80; lumber left in place. 1,668 feet at 
S25, and extra work amounting to $181.31. The city 
purchased the pipe and castings at a cost of $775.85. 
making a total cost to the city of $7,695.37. 

Of the 48-inch sewer, 1,503 feet was in tunnel. At the 
end of 1911 a shaft near one end had been excavated to 
sewer grade and headings started and excavation begun 
for a shaft near the other end of the tunnel. Work on 
the tunnel excavation continued during the winter at 
a good rate of progress. The minimum excavation 
called for was a circle of 5 feet in diameter, but most 
of the tunnel was blasted larger than this. Compressed 
air was used for drilling and electricity for lighting. The 
only difficulty encountered was at one point where the 
ledge rock dipped below the sewer and the excavation 




Vol. XXXV, No. 4. 

s- •" 






. *; 


Iuly 24, 1913. 



was in sand and gravel. Owing to the failure of the 
contractors to take proper precautions this material 
flowed into the tunnel, not only delaying the progress 
of the work but causing a considerable settlement in 
the street above. The tunnel was lined with concrete 
having a minimum thickness of 6 inches, Blaw forms 
being used. Spaces over the arch of the tunnel were 
filled with stone from the excavation, placed by hand. 
Drilling and blasting were done in such a way as to 
make the whole sectional excavation at one blast. Con- 
siderable damage was caused to houses near the line 
of the sewer, and the contractor was required to settle 
many claims on this account. The contract price for 
the tunnel was $15.85 per lineal foot, and the concrete 
masonry in the tunnel, $13 per cubic yard. 

This work has been designed by and constructed under 
the supervision of David A. Hartwell as chief engineer 
and Harrison P. Eddy as consulting engineer. In their 
report for 1912 they give the following information con- 
cerning seepage: 

"In our computations for estimating the sewage flow 
to be cared for by the intercepting sewer, an allowance 
was made for ground water and other leakage of 1,960 
gallons per acre per day. This quantity would be equiva- 
lent to about 74,000 gallons per day per mile of sewers 
assuming that the tributary area is completely sewered. 
After the completion of Section 3 a weir was installed to 
ascertain the leakage in that section of the sewer, cov- 
ering a length of about half a mile. This weir showed 
that the leakage was about one-third of the allowance 
provided for. With the completion of Section 2A (the 
section containing the tunnel above described) and 
Section 4, the location of this weir was changed to a 
point in Section 2A in the department yard, above which 
location there is completed about lj^ miles of the main 
intercepter. The flow at this weir is wholly ground 
water leakage and at first was about 21,000 gallons per 
mile per day, which flow is lessening in quantity and at 
the time of the most recent measurements was about? 
17,000 gallons per mile per day. Measurements of this 
flow will be taken at frequent intervals during the period 
elapsing before lateral connections are made with the 



While a considerable number of cities are this year 
considering and have considered from time to time in the 
past the installing of municipal ice plants, the first city 
to install such a plant, so far as we have been able to 
learn, is Weatherford. Oklahoma, which in the early part 
of this year bought from the Carbondale Machine Com- 
pany a plant having a capacity of 10 tons of ice per day. 
This plant has now been in operation nearly four months 
and is said to be very satisfactory from all points of 
view. It is run in connection with the municipal elec- 
tric light plant, using exhaust steam in an absorption 
machine. The cost of the plant, including the building, 
was about $11,000. It is estimated that the ice costs the 
city about 50 cents per ton: of which 40 cents is labor. 
It is apparent that considerable credit for the low cost 
is due to the fact that exhaust steam is used; the use of 
live steam or electric current would probably increase the 
operating cost 100 to 150 per cent. The prices for ice in 
Weatherford are as follows: Delivered. 40 cents per hun- 
dred for less than 1,000 pounds, and 30 cents for 1,000 
pounds or more in full blocks. Prices on the platform, 
40 cents per hundred for less than 300 pounds, 25 cents 
in full blocks for from 300 to 1,000 pounds, and 20 cents 
for 1,000 pounds or more. 

If any of our readers know of other municipal ice 
plants, we hope that they will give us any information 
they can concerning the same. 

Water for Public Purposes Metered and Paid For. — 

Rates for Meters and for Water Used. — Mains 

in New Subdivisions. 

The Common Council of San Diego, California, on 

April 28 last, adopted an ordinance covering the relations 
between the water department and consumers, which 
contains many ideas worthy of consideration by other 
cities. The more important and novel provisions of this 
ordinance are given below: 

All water is furnished through meters, where this is 
possible: practically- the only exceptions being water 
used in construction work, and for this the prices are 
fixed, such as $1.25 per thousand square feet of paving 
laid for water used for mixing and wetting concrete; 
l /2 cent per cubic yard of trench or other excavation for 
water used in settling earth or "water tamping," etc. 
All water furnished to the various municipal depart- 
ments of the city is measured by meter and payment for 
it made to the water fund from the funds of the depart- 
ment in question, such as street, sewer, public 
buildings, fire, etc. A charge of $30 a year is made 
for each fire hydrant, the same for each drinking foun- 
tain, watering trough, etc. The charge for water for 
general use is 8 cents per one hundred cubic feet, with, 
a minimum for each size of meter varying from $1 per 
month for 5^-inch meter to $5 per month for 6-inch me- 
ters and larger; but this rate may be reduced by com- 
mon council at the recommendation of the water de- 
partment when used for public purposes and charitable 
institutions, but in this case the difference between the 
reduced rate and 8 cents shall be paid to the water fund 
from the general fund of the city. All water bills are 
payable monthly, and a penalty of 10 per cent is added 
to the bill if not paid within 10 days after becoming due, 
and if not paid within the next 10 days an additional 50 
cents is added, and the water may be shut off from the 

Fixed charges are made for providing and perpetually 
maintaining a service with meter and meter box. For 
5^-inch service the charges are $8 for meter and box, 
$10 for service, and $17 for paving; for 1-inch service the 
charges are $20, $12 and $20, respectively, and these 
prices increase up to $500. $166 and $30, respectively for 
a 6-inch service. These prices include service connec- 
tion complete from the main to and including the meter 
box, which is set just inside the curb. No further 
charges for repairs are made, except that in case meters 
are injured through neglect or carelessness of the owner 
or occupant of the premises, any expense to the depart- 
ment caused thereby is charged against the owner of the 

Where the property is located upon a street in which a 
water main of not less than 2 inches in diameter is laid, 
same shall be connected with the water system by a serv- 
ice pipe extending at right angles from the main to the 
curb line, a stop cock placed inside the line of the street 
curb, with a meter, meter box and cast iron meter box 
cover, provided, however, nothing in this paragraph shall 
interfere with the Department of Water installing a serv- 
ice pipe of sufficient size from the water main to the curb 
for the purpose of leading branches to the right and left 
in the parking to supply not more than three separate prop- 

Where the property is located on a street in which there 
exists no water main in front of the premises applied for, 
the superintendent of the Department of Water shall ex- 
tend the nearest water main in the direction of said prop- 
erty, provided that in no instance shall an extension of any 
water main exceed 100 feet for any one applicant who has 
in all other respects complied with the requirements of this 
ordinance, excepting that the superintendent of the De- 
oartment of Water may estimate the cost of any extension 
in excess of the 100 feet allowed by this ordinance and upon 



Vol. XXXV, No. 4. 

payment by the applicant of the i 
may be installed b) the Department ol Water, provided. 
That « .iil> one service connection shall be allowed upon 
inch pipe, having a pressure ol less than 20 pounds, 2 
; -inch pipe with pressure between 20 
'.ii pounds, and 3 services upon a (4-inch pipe with over 60 

pounds pressure. 

A 1-inch pipe may be allowed twice the number of serv- 
ice connections as a ^-inch of the same pr. 

\ 1 inch pipe may Berve twice the number as a 1-inch, 
and a 2-inch pipe twice that as the l'a-inch. 

No water pipes laid in the streets of this city of less than 
2 inches in diameter shall be considered as mains, and the 
superintendent of the Department of Water may at any 
time order same removed and a larger pipe installed. 

Fire hydrants are provided lor the side purpose of ex- 
tinguishing tires, and are to be opened and used only by 
the Water and Fire Departments, or such persons as may 
specially authorized by the superintendent of the De- 
partment of Water. 

Another ordinance requires that whenever any tract 
or subdivision of land within the city limits is laid out 
into lots, tli, owners may be required by Common Coun- 
install water mains of sufficient size to insure ade- 
quate service, together with a sufficient number of regu- 
lation lire hydrants; or else that a cash deposit or bond 
.en to guarantee that these will be installed when- 
ever the Council may request; this work to be done to 
the satisfaction of the Common Council, and under the 
supervision of inspectors appointed by it. 


Motor busses instead of street cars was the decision of 
the citizens of Huntington, Ind., a town of about 15,000. 
There had been a long standing agitation for street cars 
and when a franchise petition was finally presented the 
terms were not altogether satisfactory, so the city coun- 
cil called a mass meeting to discuss the question. 

And while this discussion was going on somebody 
made the remark that "a system of motor busses would 
be better than the plan presented." This suggestion set 
the people to thinking and in a few minutes they were 
laying plans for a motor transit and the street car fran- 
chise was dropped. The council delayed any action in 
regard to the franchise for a few days and by that time 
a company was formed consisting of many of the leading 
citizens of Huntington, to operate a motor transit sys- 
tem, and the council granted them a twenty-year fran- 

Easj riding -('..-ton busses were designed by the White 
factor} and in addition two cars were purchased to 
operate overland between Huntington and neighboring 
towns not connected by railroad. Both passenger and 

freight traffic are being catered to. thus taking the place 
of the local and interurban trade as well as the freight. 

In less than one month of service the traffic compelled 
the addition of two more busses and they were promptly 
placed in service. In the city the cars have been placed 
on schedule over a given territory, practically including 
every important street. Service exactly similar to that 
of street car lines is maintained, tickets selling at six 
for 25 cents and transfers given to any point. The people 
of Huntington are well satisfied, for they have obtained 
a scheduled transportation service that is of the best 
and they have obtained it within ninety days after the 
idea was conceived, without even so much as turning a 
stone in the streets that would have been torn up and 
blockaded to make way for the car rails. 

This system means many conveniences that would te 
impossible with trolley cars; for instance, cars must stop 
in the center of the street regardless of the condition of 
pavement at that place. The motor busses will discharge 
the passengers at the curb. 

For small towns and cities it is often impossible to have 
street cars because the amount of traffic would not per- 
mit of profitable operation on account of the cost of in- 
stalling trolley cars, tracks, power plant, etc. For such 
cases the motor bus might solve the problem. 


At the spring election of 1912 there was adopted an 
amendment to St. Paul's charter which provided that the 
city may do its own paving by city force account, adver- 
tising for the necessary material in the usual way. Act- 
ing under this amendment, the city proceeded to lay 4- 
inch creosoted wood block pavement on three sections 
of street and sandstone on another section, all on 5-inch 
concrete foundation. Council also ordered wood block 
on another section, but owing to delay in receiving the 
blocks, only the concrete foundation was completed last 
season. Considerable more paving will be done by the 
city this year. The alleys that were paved last year 
were let by contract in the usual way. 

In addition to street paving, the city built by force 
account what was probably the first concrete road in 
Minnesota, approximately a quarter of a mile in length 
This road has a heavy grade, as high as 11 per cent at 
one point, and there had been a great deal of trouble 
on account of washing out. Stone gutters had already 
been laid on each side of the road, and last year the 
city put down a 5-inch concrete roadway between these. 
The total cost was $1,390. or 91.6 cents per square yard 
of concrete pavement. 


July 24, 1913. 


Municipal Journal 

Published Weekly at 

50 Union Square (Fourth Ave. and 17th St.), New York 

By Municipal Journal and Engineer, Inc. 

Telephone, 2S0S Stuyvesant, New York 

Western Office, 1620 Monadnock Block, Chicago 

S. W. HUME, President 

J. T. MORRIS, Manager A. PRESCOTT FOLWELL, Secretary 


F. E. PUFFER. Assistant Editor 

Subscription Rates 

United States and possessions, Mexico, Cuba $3.00 per year 

All other countries ■■-.... 4.00 per year 

Entered as second-class matter. January 3, 1906, at the Post Office at New 
York, N. Y., under the Act of Congress of March 3, 1879. 

Subscribers are requested to notify us of changes of address, giving 
both old and new addresses. 

Contributions suitable for this paper either in the form of special arti- 
cles or of letters discussing municipal matters, are invited and paid for. 

Subscribers desiring information concerning municipal matters are re- 
quested to call upon MUNICIPAL JOURNAL, which has unusual facili- 
ties for furnishing the same, and will do so gladly and without cost. 

JULY 24, 1913. 


A Steel Pile Retaining Wall (Illustrated). By John 

MeNeal 97 

Intercepting Sewer at Fitchburg (Illustrated) 98 

A Municipal Ice Plant 101 

San Diego Water Works Rules 101 

Motor Busses in Huntinpton (Illustrated) 102 

Municipal Paving in St. Paul 102 

Motor Busses Instead of Street Cars 103 

Ozone Water Purification 103 

Water Consumption in Louisville 103 

Patrolmen's Diverse Duties 104 

Use of Memphis Fire Hydrants In4 

Cost of New Bedford Sewer Work: Table Ml 

News of the Municipalities i Illustrated) 105 

Lepal News — A Summary and Notes of Recent Decisions. 112 

News of the Societies 113 

Personals 116 

Municipal Appliances (illustrated) 115 

Industrial News 118 

The Week's Contract News 117 

Motor Busses Instead of Street Cars. 

The adopting of motor busses by Huntington, I nil., in 
place of street cars running on rails, as described on an- 
other page, raises the question whether the time has 
come or is coming when this can be adopted as a more 
or less general practice by small cities and villages. With 
more perfect roads and improved motors it is certainly 
more practicable than it was ten years ago. 

There are several arguments in favor of busses as 
compared with cars running on tracks. Some of these 
are mentioned in the article, but there are others, among 
them the following: No special area of street is turned 
over to a private corporation. The smoothness and life 
of the roadway pavement are not lessened by the pres- 
ence of rails throughout its length. No poles or wires 
are necessary ("the underground trolley is too expensive 
a construction for small communities). The noise of steel 
tire on steel rail is avoided — a most serious objection on 

residence streets. It would not be possible for one or 
two property owners to prevent the operation over a 
given route by refusing their consent to laying track in 
front of their properties, as is so often done where trolley 
lines are proposed and even needed. A mistake in judg- 
ment in locating a route is by means irreparable — a 
change requires only the consent of the franchise grant- 
ing power. In fact, the route might be changed from 
hour to hour during each day. as the users of the busses 
desired to go to or from the factories, the shopping dis- 
trict, the amusement center, etc. A temporary obstruc- 
tion, such as repairing a road, need occasion little in- 
convenience to busses other than making a detour of a 

A serious question is whether the cost of power and 
of maintaining heavy busses traveling over roads never as 
smooth as rails, especially when the power is in the form 
of storage batteries as compared with a central power 
house, can be kept low enough to make the enterprise a 
paying one with 5-cent fares. 

Ozone Water Purification. 

Editor Municipal Journal, New York City. 

Dear Sir: Your editorial in the July 3d issue on this 
subject is entitled to commendation and brings to mind an 
experience of the writer several years ago. 

A prominent promoter of this proposition called on the 
writer with the endeavor to induce him to install the sys- 
tem at an important water works in the South, claiming 
that it would be much cheaper than mechanical nitration 
with the use of sulphate of aluminum, especially for waters 
of low alkalinity and high in organic matter and color. 

He claimed that ozonization would absolutely remove the 
color and organic matter, which would oxidize and pass off 
as vapor or gas and leave no residue. 

His company had in operation a large plant capable of 
purifying several million gallons of sewage polluted water 
per day, and offered to treat, free of charge, a sample of 
water in the presence of the writer or his representative. 
Accordingly, five 50-gallon barrels of the raw water were 
expressed to the plant. This water contained some 400 
bacteria per cc, some 50 parts per million of organic matter 
and a color of 150 by the platinum cobalt standard. 

The test, which was elaborate, proved a complete failure. 
The amount of color was not reduced, but apparently in- 
creased, and there was no reduction of bacteria. 

Apparently, to sterilize water by means of ozone, the 
water must be free from suspended matter and color. In 
other words, it must be first thoroughly clarified by some 
other process before the ozone can be effective, and even 
then the treatment by chlorine gas or hypochlorite of cal- 
cium is verv much cheaper and probably more effective. 

It would be gratifying if this process were perfected to 
the extent that some of its over-zealous advocates have 

Yours truly. 


Water Consumption in Louisville. 

Louisville. Ky.. is one of the first cities to adopt the 
separate recording of water used for domestic and for 
manufacturing purposes, although it is hoped that this 
will quickly become a common practice. During the 
year 1912 it was found that 38.4 per cent of the entire 
consumption was used by manufacturing industries, 
railroads and other business purposes, while 61.6 per 
cent was used for domestic purposes, public purposes 
such as street sprinkling and fire prevention, and in in- 
cidental leakage and waste. The total consumption per 
capita was 107 gallons, but if that used for business 
purposes be excluded, the per capita consumption 
would be but 66 gallons. 

During the excessive cold in the month of January, 
the pumpage for 16 consecutive days ran about 38 per 
cent above the normal average consumption for the 
year, due to faucets being left open to prevent freezing. 


Vol. XXXV, No. 4. 

At the end of 1912 there wen in use 3,022 meters, 
through which passed 40.8 per cent, of the total con- 
sumption. During the year all meters larger than 1 
inch were equipped with a branch connection and valves 
m> that the meter can be tested in place without remov- 
ing it or inconveniencing the consumer. Also, during 
the same year each meter wj a "company num- 

ber" so that the record of each one could be traced 
throughout its entire service, thus establishing a series 
of records that arc expected to prove of considerable 
value in the future in determining the relative merits 
of the various types ami makes of meters. 

All meters are tested periodically, and the value of 
this has been demonstrated by the increase in registra- 
tion. Taking the record in l'HJ of the meters which 
were in service in 1911, and allowing a normal increase 
of 3.7 per cent in consumption, but assuming that other- 
wise the same amount of water was used in the latter 
year as in the former, the meter- which had been tested 1 
and adjusted apparentl) registered about 397 million 
gallons nime than the) would have registered if they 
had not been regularly attended to. At 8 cents per 
thousand gallons, the average net price of all metered 
consumption, this represents a revenue of $31,760. The 
repairing these during the year was $12,358. 


bly few citizens realize the great number of 

duties which are placed upon the average patrolman — 
in fact, many of them do not themselves know them all. 
In order to remedy this ignorance in the case of Phila- 
delphia policemen. Director of Public Safety George D. 
Porter has had compiled in pocket form and issued to 
all members of the police department a patrolman's 
manual, which deals with the patrolman's duties, dis- 
cipline and reports, and gives instructions concerning 
arrests, warrants, evidence, confessions, crimes and of- 
fenses, regulated operations and occupations, health, 
housing and food regulations, highway and traffic regu- 
lations, and first aid to the injured. This book contains 
230 pages, of which each member of the force must 
have a working knowledge, and a complete understanding 
of the entire contents is essential for advancement. At 

intervals in the book are pages containing single sen- 
tences of warning or comment, such as, "In seeking pro- 
motion or detail, merit counts more than a ward boss." 
"Paying assessments at election time can't protect you 
if you are guilty." "The Philadelphia police have earned 
a reputation for courtesy." This manual also contains 
a brief list of the locations of various police and fire sta- 
tions and hospitals; but each patrolman is supposed to 
provide himself with a pocket guide of the city in addi- 
tion to this manual. 

In the report for 1912 of general superintendent Wirt 
J. Wills of the Water Department of Memphis, Tennes- 
see, he says: "Fire hydrants are used by the Street, 
Health and Sprinkling departments of the city, and keep- 
ing them in repair is a very expensive and unsatisfactory 
task. Our records for the year show that on account of 
fire hydrants reported leaking nearly 1.000 trips were 
made simply because the hydrants were not shut off 
tight." The superintendent of mains, T. H. Gothard. Jr., 
s;:ys in the same report that during the year the depart- 
ment closed 230 fire hydrants which had not been prop- 
erly closed by the street flushing and sprinkling wagon 
employees and contractors, and which had been reported 
to the office as being out of order. He estimates that at 
the very least this cost the department in the neighbor- 
hood of 50 cents per hydrant. 


In our issue of June 26 we published a table giving 
costs of sewer work in Fitchburg. Mass., calling atten- 
tion to the excellent amount of detail given which added 
to the value of the cost figures. Since then we have 
received the report of C. F. Law-ton, Superintendent of 
Streets of New Bedford, Mass., in which the cost of 
sewer construction is given in even more detail, in that 
this gives the maximum and average cut, the cubic 
yards of excavation in both earth and rock, the general 
character of the material excavated, and the number of 
manholes. We present herewith the figures for con- 
struction of 10-inch vitrified pipe sewer during the year: 

Compiled by Engineering Department. 

• ,J _ C .- . •« I 1 %i 

' a Cut in ledge. q' w 





9.1 1 















64 4 


























10 02 





II" It.. 



27 1.069 1.096 

337 337 



4 70 




Dry gravel 
Wet gravel 





Hard-err. iv el 


Gravel-wet clay 




i : t 



7 61 


■ iravel 



Drv Brravel 

Sandy gravel 













«4 . 

» . 

Rate of 


— • 

grade in ft 





per 100. 



o « c 













1.6 8 



1.6 2 







548. S2 




































57". 47 


125.2 3 










'. 4 2 










<9. 93 





71. «9 



2 5 8 


































826 28 













1 4 6 





2 4 4 





1.611 94 

i m 




July 24. 1913. 



Current Subjects of General 
Interest Under Consideration 

by City Governments 
and Department Heads 


Everybody to Work Roads. 
Jefferson City, Mo. — Governor Major has announced 
that he will issue a proclamation shortly, setting apart 
two days in August when every able-bodied male resident 
in the rural districts and towns of the state will be asked 
to render personal assistance in improving the highways. 
The governor estimates that at least 300,000 men will re- 
spond and put in two days of hard work on the public 1 
roads. Many will furnish teams and machinery. "The 
work of 300,000 earnest men for two days will be equiva- 
lent to 600,000 days of work, to say nothing of the teams 
that would be supplied." the governor said. "Many boys, 
too. will turn out and aid the good cause." Governor 
Major himself proposes to wield a pick and shovel for the 
two days on some highway near Jefferson City, and he 
will expect every state official to do the same. 

Paving Contracts Finished. 
Waterbury. Conn. — Contractor Barbara has finished up 
the paving of Water and North Elm streets and completed 
the work on the storm conduit in Bank street. He will 
next start excavating for the paving of Exchange place and 
Bank street with wooden blocks. The blocks now in the 
street will be taken to the city yards except that portion 
of them that will be used for paving Meadow street from 
Bank to Field street. Contractors Fiege and Archam- 
bault, who have the contract for paving Brown street and 
part of Kingsbury and North Elm streets, are making 
headway and will soon be through. The material used on 
these streets is split granite on a concrete foundation. 

Milwaukee Mixture Laid in Schenectady. 

Schenectady, N. Y. — Sheet asphalt of the so-called Mul- 
len-Milwaukee mixture has been laid for the first time on 
one of Schenectady's streets. Needless to say. this was 
a happy day for Charles A. Mullen, the commissioner of 
public works, who, after many months' waiting, experi- 
enced the sensation of seeing his brand of $1.50 asphalt 
laid in Schenectady. 

The street to have this distinction is Genesee street, 
a short thoroughfare two blocks in length extending from 
Broadway southerly to Guilderland avenue, a distance of 
980 feet, in the Tenth ward. Six thousand square yards 
of the Mullen-Wilwaukee mixture, otherwise and techni- 
cally known as stone-filled sheet asphalt wearing surface, 
will be laid on Genesee street and an adjoining street, 
Wabash avenue. 

In order to lay the asphalt, it was necessary that J. W. 
Davitt. the contractor who holds the contracts for 23 
streets to be paved, a total of 100.000 square yards, call a 
halt on the work of patching the old wearing surfaces 
which has been going on for several weeks. With the ex- 
ception of Union street and several cross streets all the 
latching. 15.000 square yards in all, has been completed. 
There was quite a ceremony when the first few yards of 
the Mullen asphalt was laid. Mr. Mullen and John Hicky, 
superintendent of streets, went to Genesee street in the 
latter's new auto, where a crowd had gathered to witness 
the work. W. M. Brackett, manager of the asphalt depart- 
ment, who is superintending this work for Contractor 
Davitt; James P. Dike, plant superintendent employed by 
the city: Stephen Lamoreaux, chief inspector in the pub- 
lic works department, and Arthur H. Hargraves, street 
inspector, were on hand. 

Vote On Paving at San Antonio. 
San Antonio, Tex. — By an almost unanimous vote the 
property taxpayers of San Antonio made an agreement at 
the polls to go into partnership with the municipal govern- 
ment in the enterprise of paving the streets of the city. 
According to the plan submitted and adopted, owners of 
property abutting on any street will bear two-thirds of the 
expense of paving that street, while the city will bear one- 

Good Roads Enhance the Value of Property. 

Washington, D. C. — Improvement of country roads has 
enhanced the value of property bordering on such roads 
so that the cost of improvement is equalized, if not ex- 
ceeded, says the Department of Agriculture in a bulletin 
recently issued. The Department has gathered a mass of 
data through the Office of Public Roads, which is making 
a special study of the economic effect of road improve- 
ment. According to the information, land values not only 
have increased but farm values as well show marked ad- 
vances as a result of road improvement. 

Road Contracts Under Way. 
Syracuse, N. Y. — All contracts for state routes and state 
and county highways in Onondaga county are under way 
and according to the estimate by Division Engineer Fred- 
erick S. Strong they will be completed this season with 
possibly one or two exceptions. Four new contracts are 
to be awarded for 5.2 miles, and it is expected that these 
will be nearly finished, practically cleaning up the con- 
struction held over from last year and the new work. In 
the fall contracts for several large jobs will be advertised 
if the present plans of the department are carried out. 
Sections of two state routes, one leading north and one 
south are expected to be finished. The veto by Governor 
Sulzer of the Kelly- Walters bill, making an appropriation 
for brick on the old Liverpool plank road, resulted in the 
original contract for macadam being carried out and the 
road will be built of this material. It is a part of the 
Syracuse-Oswego state route. 

Cohen Brothers have the contract for the section from 
Three River Point to Syracuse. Work was started on the 
north end and Mr. Strong estimates that it will be com 
pleted through to the city before fall. The road runs 
through Liverpool and will be one of the main north and 
south' lines of travel. The section of the south state route, 
running through a portion of the Onondaga Indian Reser- 
vation to a point south of Lafayette hamlet, was started last 
year by John Kelley as contractor. Several miles of rough 
foundation were put in last fall and the road will be finished 
within a few weeks. It is expected that the state and 
county highway from Cicero to Baldwinsville will be com- 
pleted. Operations were started at the Cicero end. This 
highway will connect with the Syracuse-Watertown state 
route, cross the Syracuse-Oswego state route and connect 
v ith the county good roads at Baldwinsville. 

The highway entering the city through Court street and 
running to Collamer and to the east, is being built by W. 
1. Hums and will be practically finished this season. Mr. 
Hums has completed the Skaneateles-Camillus highway, 
which is now open to travel. It is not probable the Skan- 
cateles-Borodino-Marietta contract will be finished this 
year, but the larger part of it will be built. In East Syra- 
cuse, Kennedy Brothers expect to complete the mile or 
more of highway, which includes a portion of the village 
streets and connects the James street road with routes to 
the north. 


Vol. XXXV, No. 4. 

Highway Is Accepted. 
Portland. I rid. — At a joint session of the Jay-Blackford 
County Commissioners, held in Portland, the Smalley high- 
way on the county line, extending north from Dunkirk, 
was accepted. This was the road, the improvement of 
which resulted in a law suit between the commissioners 
and contractors following the refusal of the two boards 
to accept the work as completed. 

Tarrant County Makes First Payments. 
Worth, Tex.— The county will make its first heavy 
payments on road and bridge work this month when 
18.54 will be expended in accordance with the engi- 
neer's estimates. The following amounts are estimates of 
work done on the different roads: Fort Worth and Grape- 
vine i m A, $488.25, section B. $1,486.12; Dallas 
road. $5,907.81: Mansfield, section A. $1,829.97; West Cle- 
burne road. $1,188.11; Weatherford road, $5,072.44; Azle 
road, $4,341.59; Keller road, $1,745.23. Payments to con- 
tractors of the new bridges under construction will be: 
West Seventh street. $5,911.29; East Fourth street, $4,216.51 : 
Samuels avenue. $9,503.61; -Main street, $30,642.88. These 
payments, with the regular expenses and payroll, will 
amount to about $100,000. 

Bell-Bockel Co. Ends Contract. 
Altoona, Pa. — The Bell-Bockel Stone Company has com- 
pleted the contract of paving Sixteenth street, from Ninth 
avenue to Bridge street, and recently began the work of 
laying brick on Twentieth avenue, from Washington ave- 
nue to Nineteenth street, a distance of two blocks. When 
this work has been concluded the contractors will lay the 
brick on Eighteenth street from Eleventh to Twentieth 
avenue. First avenue, from Sixteenth to Nineteenth street, 
is now being concreted. These paving operations will like- 
ly be the final ones of the present summer on account 
of the appropriation provided for such work having be- 
come exhausted. 

Repairing of Streets Begun. 
Newport News, Ya. — With a complete outfit of tools 
for repairing the asphalt paving belonging to the city, City 
Engineer Pearse is making all repairs to the sheet asphalt 
by patching the bad places with tar and sand. The tar 
becomes soft in hot weather and pedestrians are complain- 
that the patches are all but impassable, the soft tar 
sticking to their shoes and making a very precarious foot- 
ing. When the ten-year guarantee agreement with the 
asphalt company came to an end the city purchased a full 
set of repair tools hut so far as is known they had never 
been used. City Engineer Pearse uses the tar and sand 
because of economy, and it was upon his recommenda- 
tion that the repair tools were bought. 

Work Begun on Stockton Street Tunnel. 
San Francisco, Cal. — Actual construction of the Stock- 
ton street tunnel has begun, and every effort will be 
made t" have the bore completed and ready for traffic 
inside of six months. Construction work has commenced 
at the southerly portal, a few feet above Sutter street, and 
the way has been cleared steam shovels will 
be installed and the work driven towards the face of the 
hill to a depth where the tunnel proper will begin. When 
this lime drills driven by compressed air or 

steam will be installed, and with a battery of these churn- 

iway at the breast the earth and rock will be torn 
down by power and loaded into atito trucks and carried 
to North Beach and other sections of tlie city, where it 
will be used in making fills and reclaiming ground The 
tunnel proper- is to extend under Stockton street from 

r to Sacramento street. The contract price is $337, 
000, the boi I ed within six months' time. It 

will lie nearly the entire width of tin street, and 
the -■ cupied by the street railway tracks there 

will be a walk ten feet in width for pedestrians. In addi 
tion there will be a lew subway connections with I. 
and business hoi [he line of the tunnel, the con- 

nections to be made at the proper! \ iwners' expense. The 

is to Ik- lined with concrete with stone and brick fac- 
ings at the northerly and southerly portals and is to be 
electrically ligl i-:hout. 


$10,000 Sewer Digger Arrives. 
.Superior. Wis. — A $10,000 sewer digging machine, pur- 
chased by the Riches & Anderson Contracting Co., has ar- 
rived in the city. The new machine is to be used on a 
number of big jobs the contractors have just secured from 
the city. The machine when operating at full capacity can, 
it is said, take the place of 100 workmen. It is the first 
machine of the kind that has made its appearance in the 

Epidemic of Smallpox. 
Lebanon, l'a. — Fifteen new cases of smallpox have been 
reported by Dr. F. H. Gingrich, city health officer. All the 
new cases are in the homes where the nine original ones are 
under strict quarantine. Xo new cases have been reported 
in the suburbs since the discovery of two cases in East 
Lebanon last week. 

Roots Are Blocking Sewers. 
Peoria. III. — The Uplands addition, when it was an- 
nexed to the city, escaped its pro rata cost for building 
the west section of the North Peoria sewer by not "com- 
ing in" until the sewer mains were built and then provid- 
ing in its annexation that its smaller sewers should con- 
nect therewith. It was good business for the Uplands. 
And now, if information is correct, the Uplands sewers, 
as well as the sewers in other localities of the west bluff 
and some on the east bluff, will practically have to be 
made over through being clogged with the roots of North 
Carolina poplars. This tree has but one thing in its 
favor — it is a very rapid grower, and for this reason it 
was planted along the streets. A characteristic of the 
tree is its far penetrating roots and their tendency to 
invade sewers. Superintendent Conrad has at the City 
Hall a solid mass of roots eight or ten feet long and 
eight inches through. It is an interwoven mass that grew 
in and choked a sewer on McClure avenue. Sewers all 
over the west bluff are becoming blocked from the same 
cause, and Mr. Conrad says that within a year much of 
the system will have to be torn up to clear them. There 
is a machine made for cutting out such obstructions but 
the city hasn't one. North Carolina poplars possess Some 
of the qualities of the Canadian thistle — namely, its per- 
sistence. Its roots will penetrate and in time block a 
sewer thirty or fifty feet away from the trees. Last week 
in clearing out a cistern on the west bluff a woven mass 
of these roots, four feet in diameter, was found. They 
find a way through the joints of brick and tile. 

Typhoid Fever on the Increase. 
Cumberland, Md. — Typhoid fever is on the increase in 
Cumberland. Dr. F. E. Harrington has reported to the 
Council that there were o3 cases on hand at the close of 
Tune, aside from three cases brought from out of town 
for treatment at local hospitals. In June 55 cases were 
reported and 26 discharged. 4 by death. This number is 
far in excess of the figures for the month of June in 
previous years, which show the following records: 1912. 
15 cases reported and no deaths: 1911. 13 cases and one 
death: 1910. 11 cases and 4 deaths. The number of cases 
carried as current in June, t His year, is probably slightly 
in excess of the correct number, owing to negligence of 
physicians in reporting the recovery of patients. "Typhoid 
fever continues on the increase." said Dr. Harrington, 
h increase is made especially noticeable by compari- 
son witli the figures for the previous three years. The 
causative factors of this disease are in a great measure 
<1 the control of the department. Co-operation is 
the one factor to check this disease. If the citizens of 
Cumberland will lend their aid in correcting unsanitary 
conditions on the property they occupy and on properties 
owned by them: pasteurize their milk, and drink boiled 
water in the absi ire supply; and, finally, but 

of equal import. nice, submit to the inocculation for the 
immunizing against this disease, results will soon be 

July 24, 1913. 




Water Pipe Frozen on Hottest Day. 

Winsted, Conn. — The mercury here climbed to 94 in the 
shade on the afternoon of July 1, but a water pipe at 
Highland lake was frozen and hot cloths were applied as in 
winter, to start the water. 

The unusual freeze up was thus explained by E. A. Wil- 
mot, park manager: The outlet of the chest where the ice 
cream is packed in ice and salt is close to the water pipe 
and the former pipe has become encased in frost which had 
penetrated the water pipe. 

City's Water Record Broken Last Month. 

Manchester, N. H. — The Manchester water system sup- 
plied more water to the city last month than has ever 
been supplied in any one month previously. Both pumps 
were worked during the month, and their combined amounts 
were 162,897,051 gallons, or a daily average of 5,429,901 gal- 
lons. The amount supplied by the board during the month 
was 26,905,967 gallons more than in June last year, and sur- 
passed all previous totals for a single month. The report of 
the superintendent, J. H. Mendell, showed that during last 
month there were 3,322 feet of eight and six-inch pipe laid. 

Meter System Is Popular. 

St. Paul, Minn. — Approximately 5,500 water meters have 
been installed since the first of the year, and the estimate 
of Cornelius Crowley, water registrar, that 6,000 meters 
would be installed before the close of the year promises 
to fall short. 

"By the end of the year I believe we shall have installed 
between 7,500 and 8,000 meters," said Mr. Crowley, "and 
we thought we were placing it at a pretty stiff figure when 
we estimated that the year would mark the installation of 
close to 6,000." The public is beginning to appreciate the 
advantages of the meter system, according to water de- 
partment officials, and hundreds are making application 
to transfer from the flat rate account to the meter system. 
Under the rules of the water department patrons using a 
hose are required to install a meter, and meters are as- 
signed to all those making new water contracts. Before 
the end of the year 90 per cent, of the water service will 
be metered. 

New Pump Arrives. 
Milford, Conn. — The new pump which the New Haven 
Water company officials ordered some time ago to be 
added to the equipment at the pumping station of the Mil- 
ford Water Company at Beaver Brook, has arrived and 
is now being set up ready for use. This machine, which 
was made by the De Laval Turbine company of Trenton, 
N. J., is a turbine pump driven by a steam turbine motor 
and has a capacity of some 1,500 gallons of water per min- 
ute. It weighs a matter of some seven tons and was 
brought out from New Haven on one of the big Smedlcy 
auto trucks which walked along over the road and up to 
the doors of the pumping station as though a load of this 
size was but a slight matter for an outfit of this kind. 

New Pump Installed. 

Topeka. Kan. — The site of the city pumping station, 
west of Topeka, is the scene just now of much activity. 
Workmen, under the direction of Erecting Engineer C. 
L. Phillips, are busy installing the big new pump that will 
more than double the present pumping facilities of the 
city. The new pump, which has a daily capacity of 8,000,- 
000 gallons of water, weighs a total of more than 120 tons, 
or 2,400,000 pounds. It is being installed in a new addi- 
tion to the waterworks building, in a pit that places it con- 
siderably below the level of the ground. The contract 
price for the pump is $21,000 while the addition to the 
waterworks building cost the city a little less than $5,000. 

The pump was purchased from the Allis-Chalmers Manu- 
facturing Co., of Milwaukee, Wis. Mr. Phillips is erecting 
engineer for the manufacturers and is here to see that the 
big machine is properly installed and put into operation. 
Then he will turn it over to the city's engineers. It will 
require nearly 60 days to finish the installation. 

Cleveland Will Have Water for 2,000,000. 
Cleveland, Ohio. — C. F. Schultz, superintendent of the 
Water Department, says that with the completion of the 
West Side water tunnel the city will be in a position to 
supply water to 2,000,000 people, and that because work is 
about to start on the tunnel negotiations with Akron can 
be begun through a commission. Two million dollars is 
the estimated cost of piping water to Akron. In addition, 
Cleveland would have to build a reservoir of 100,000,000 
gallons capacity in the outskirts of Akron. No new pro 
lem is involved in the pumpage question Superintenden . 
Schulz says, as Cleveland is supplying water at a point 
higher than the city of Akron. The new reservoir on the 
city farm at Warrensville is above the Akron elevation. 
It is expected by city officials that Akron's plans for a new 
water supply will result in a permanent diversion of part 
of the Cuyahoga river. If Akron proposes to supply Bar- 
berton, Ohio, with water, it will mean a permanent diver- 
sion of water from the Cuyahoga river, as Barberton is in 
the Tascarawas river watershed. The city has carried 
water mains as far as Bedford, and in the opinion of Su- 
perintendent Schulz the water could be piped to Akron 
without encountering any engineering difficulties. It is 
proposed that Cleveland agree to sell Akron the water at 
a price that would include the cost of operation, plus inter- 
est and depreciation, and a 6 per cent, return on the in- 
vestment. The home rule amendment to the constitution 
has established the right of cities of Ohio to sell service 
in this manner. The water supply at Akron has been re- 
ported as being very low. Water Engineer E. G. Brad- 
bury stated there was not enough water to supply the city 
for two months. 

Water Turned on in Sedimentation Plant. 

Washington, D. C. — Water was turned on in the sedi- 
mentation plant which has been under construction for 
the past two years at the Georgetown reservoir. Accord- 
ing to statements made at the United States Engineer Office 
in the Southern Building, which branch of the War Depart- 
ment has had charge of the work, Washington's latest 
public improvement has proved to be a complete success. 
The sedimentation plant, which is located at the intersec- 
tion of Conduit road and Reservoir street, cost $108,000, 
and from now on water for the use of residents of the 
District will be carried from it, through the Lydecker tun- 
nel, to the reservoir near the Soldiers' Home, from which 
it is distributed. The improvement means that house- 
holders in future will not be troubled with muddy water or 
water filled with other sediments. Water enters the sedi- 
mentation basin through the influent gate and will remain 
there long enough for a coagulating action to become 
complete, thus depositing the greatest part of coagulated 
matter upon the floor of a concrete basin which has been 
built. Before reaching the effluent gate the water must 
travel in a tortuous path around the ends of what is 
called, by engineers,, a "baffle." By this arrangement the 
water is given more time for sedimentation. The engineer- 
ing involved the construction of various works. The 
"baffle" is of reinforced concrete and is said to be of 
novel form of construction. It consists of open reinforced- 
concrete piers, spaced fifteen feet apart and connected 
with a thin concrete web. The piers were made by placing 
the steel reinforcement and concrete, in forms, in the; 
usual way. The web between piers was built up by shoot- 
ing mortar, by means of a cement gun, against wooden 
forms placed behind the reinforcements. When the Wash- 
ington filtration plant was put in operation in 1905 the 
Georgetown reservoir ceased to be the distributing reservoir 
for the water system of the District. It was continued in 
use as an intermediate storage basin. It was found, how- 
ever, that while the filtering reduced the turbidity of the 
water to a great extent, it did not entirely remove it at 
times, as some of the silt in the Potomac water is very 
fine and is not completely intercepted by the sand of 
the filter beds. In 1910 Congress authorized the construc- 
tion of the plant to bring about as nearly as possible 
complete sedimentation. The work has been completed 
within the past few days, and Capt. J. J. Bain, Corps of 
Engineers, U. S. A., is now engaged in preparing a report 
on the action of the plant. 



Vol. XXXV, No. 4 

Temporary Dam Now Ready. 
Fort Worth, Tex — When the temporary dam is com- 
pKit'd at the Wes ervoir within a few days, the 

impounding of l 1 \atcr to be held 

in storage will commence. The water will be stored from 
time to time until the large dam now under construction 
is finished. It is estimated that it will require six months 
to complete the big dam. 

Dam Menaces Water Supply. 
Springfield, Mo. — Because Herman Wood threatened the 

water supply by the building of a dam, Judge \ an Valken- 
burgh of the United States District Court granted a re- 
straining order against him at the request of the Spring- 
field Water Company. It was represented to Judge Van 
Valkenburgh that the spring from which Springfield obtains 
its water rises in property owned by Wood. The attorneys 
said Wood had built a dam near the spring and frequently 
closed it so that the water supply of the town was shut off. 

Hearing for Citizens on Water Question. 
Bayonne, N. J. — A hearing is to be held for citizens of 
the city by the city council, in the matter of acquiring a wa- 
ter plant. It is probable that representatives of the New 
York and .New Jersey Water Company will be asked to 
name a figure for their property. Nicholas S. Hill of New 
York, an expert retained by the city recently valued the 
plant at J2.254.b88. The claim is made that the company 
will sell for a much lower figure. Among the men ex- 
pected is Turner A. Beall, founder of the Xew York and 
Xew Jersey Water Company. Beall is now a minority 
stockholder in the company. The Stale Public Utilities 
Commission recently refused to approve the proposed stock 
issue of the Xew York and Xew Jersey Water Company 
to purchase the property of the Suburban Water Company. 

Rome Facing Water Famine. 

Rome, Ga. — On account of the drouth and for fear of 
a water famine, the city will cut off the water supply each 
night at eleven o'clock and it will not be turned on until 
five the next morning. This has been made imperative on 
account of the shortage of water in the reservoir and to 
give the men at the pumping station time to catch up with 
the shortage. There is a large amount of water consumed 
in Rome each day by the manufacturing plants and by 
the citizens at this time of the year, and the long dry 1 
spell has caused shrinkage in the amount of water. Mayor 
Yancey made the following statement in regard to the 
water condition: "The water will be cut off over the entire 
city at eleven p. m. and turned on again at five a, m.. 
this time being selected to cause as little inconvenience 
to the citizens as possible. There is now being pumped 
1 »00 gallons per day. This is 40 per cent, over the 
capacity of our present pumps, each one of which is de- 
signed to pump only 2,000,000 per da)'. It is necessary 
to wash the boilers immediately or there is danger of a 
permanent break-down, which would result in a water 
famine. There is at present only six feet of water in 
the reservoir, which is nine feet short of normal con- 

Official Test of New Pump. 

Biloxi, Miss. — E. L. Castanera, water works superinten- 
dent, and a representative of the Piatt Iron Works, who 
installed the new electrical pumps at the local pumping 
station, has made the first official test in the presence of 
J. T. Robertson, electrical engineer and inspector for the 
Mississippi Insurance & Advisory Rating Co. of Vicks- 
burg, who pronounced the first pump to be working as 
nearly perfectly as a pump can work. It generated 98 
pounds pressure at the pump and 85 at the nozzle with 
three streams being thrown 200 feet into the air at West 
End. The second pump generated only 45 pounds pres- 
sure at the pump and 42 at the nozzle under similar condi- 
tions. An investigation tn ascertain the cause of this will 
be made and it is believed that everything will then be in 
readiness for a second test. The pumps have a capacity of 
750 gallons each per minute and .: by two 75- 

horse power Westinghouse electric n 


Ninety-Cent Gas Rate. 
Trenton, N. J. — The Supreme Court, in an opinion by 
Justice Swayze, affirmed the order of the board of public 
utilities commissioners fixing the rate for gas in the Pas- 
saic and Paterson district at 90 cents per 1,000 cubic feet. 
The former rate was $1.10, with a discount oi ten cents 
for prompt payment. The public utilities commission ini- 
tiated an inquiry into this rate, resulting in a determina- 
ton that it was unjust and unreasonable. The result was 
the issuing of the order cutting the rate to 90 cents. The 
state commission also recommended that the Public Ser- 
vice Gas Company put the 90-cent rate in force throughout 
the state. 

Council Grants 30-Year Franchise. 
El Paso, Tex. — An ordinance amending the ordinance 
granting the El Paso Gas and Electric company the right 
to operate a system for furnishing gas to the citizens and 
city has been adopted by the city council. The life of the 
franchise is for 30 years. The price stipulated by the ordi- 
nance is not to exceed $1.50 per thousand cubic feet of gas 
of 16 candle power, with a discount of 20 cents for 1,000 
feet for gas if the bill for the same is paid on or before the 
15th day of each month following the using of the gas. The 
minimum charge for any meter set for any and all con- 
sumers is not to be less than 25 cents per month. The com- 
pany is to furnish the city as much gas as is desired by 
the city council, free of charge to the extent of 39,750 cubic 
feet per month during the time the population does not ex- 
ceed 45,000. For every 1.000 increase in population the 
amount of gas to be furnished free is to be increased 650 
cubic feet per month. The city council reserved the right 
to inspect all gas meters, works and gas. The franchise 
granted is not to be considered a monopoly. 

Geneva Streets to Have Additional Illumination. 
Geneva. X. V. — Ninety-five ornamental street lights will 
be added within the next two months to the present equip- 
ment of the city, announced Earl H. Lackey of the Empire 
Gas and Electric Company. About two miles of conduit 
is being placed in the streets which will have the lights. 
They are Seneca, Exchange, Main, Linden and Castle 
streets. Three miles of lead cable will be used. There will 
be seventy-seven posts of five lights each, and eighteen 
cement posts of one light. The top light of the former 
kind and the one-light posts will be kept burning all night, 
while the bottom four lights will be put out at 10.30 o'clock 
eEcih evening. The cement posts are being made in the 
company's plant in Seneca Falls. The iron posts were pur- 
chased in Xew York. About two months will be required 
for completion of the work. 

Complete White Way. 

Carthage. Mo. — Workmen were busy last week en 
the last four of the stone posts composing the "white way" 
tor Carthage. There are eight of these posts on each side 
of the court house square. Allowing for counting corner 
- twice makes 28 posts in all. These posts cost 
$62.45 each, complete without the globes and electric lamps, 
which were added by the board of public works. The abut- 
ting property owners supply the posts at this cost and the 
supplies the light, current and fixtures perpetually free. 
A 1 ' in ?28 incidental expense was incurred by the commit- 
tee which had in hand the work of getting up the funds for 
paying tor the posts and for supplying the design. Part of 
this expense was in securing and installing a sample post. 
The design of the present post was adapted from this sample 
which was itself not used. These incidental expenses 
add $1 each to the cost of the posts as installed. The "white 
way" is one of the beauties of the city, and, taken in con- 
junction with the removal of all telephone poles from the 
square, rendered necessary for the proper installation of 
lights, has been a wonderful improvement. The new 
the clearing of the poles and the paving of the 
streets around the square, have made a wonderful trans- 
formation in the business center within the past two years. 

Illy 24, 1913. 



Municipal Plant Pays. 
Gridley, Cal. — Gridley's municipal electric light and water 
plant showed a profit of $752.70 for the month of June, 
according to the report filed with the Trustees. The re- 
ceipts were 1,172.70, and the expenses $420. 

Electric Plant Sold. 

Centralia, Wash. — Through a deal just closed the Wash- 
ington-Oregon corporation, purveyors of electric power to 
practically every small town in this section of the state, 
comes into possession of the electric light plant at Wood- 
land. The Woodland plant has been owned and operated 
for several years by William Lawler, who bought his 
power from the Kalama river plant of the corporation and 
distributed it throughout the town. The new owners will 
spend a considerable sum in improving the plant so as to 
give Woodland as good service as is enjoyed by the other 

Ornamental Lighting System. 

Pasadena, Calif. — Construction has been started by the 
municipal lighting department on the conduits in the Oak 
Knoll section. All wires in that fashionable section will 
be put underground preparatory to street paving, and or- 
namental lights put in. This job is to be second in im- 
portance to the big one on South Orange Grove avenue, 
which so enhanced the beauty of the world-known thor- 
oughfare. It will cost in the neighborhood of $19,000 and 
will be paid for by the property owners whose lots abut 
on the streets to be improved. 

Crickets Stop Light Plant. 
Iola, Kan. — A swarm of crickets recently shut down the 
Iola electric light plant. They collected at the power plant 
at the river and when the lights came on they hopped into 
the building to investigate. Then, attracted by the whirling 
belt on the big dynamo they hopped closer and the sec- 
tion of the flying belt caught them and dragged them under 
the pulley. One by one they ran through the press, their 
contents being spread on the belt. About the time the 
'steenth cricket was flattened the belt was so oily that 
it slipped and from then on for fifteen minutes there was 
a fight to overcome this trouble. 

Would Light Rome from Tallulah Falls Plant. 

Rome,-Ga. — Arrangements are now being made to bring 
electricity into Rome from the Tallulah Falls plant into 
Rome from the Tallulah Falls plant of tne Georgia Rail- 
way and Power company. Heretofore Rome has been 
served by current from the plant of the Tennessee Power 
company, near Cleveland, but by an agreement made by 
the power companies this city becomes part of the terri- 
tory of the Georgia company. The Georgia Railway and 
Power company has already erected a substation at Lin- 
dale, five miles from Rome, which cost $65,000, and ar- 
rangements are being made to complete the plant, which 
will cost, when finished, in the neighborhood of $200,000. 
Plan Better Lighting System. 

Riverside, R. I. — The new plan formed by the members 
of the Town Council for lighting Riverside Square and 
vicinity will be put into effect soon, as the council members 
have selected the sites for the lights. It is planned to have 
six large incandescent lamps take the place of the arc light 
now on the square, and which has never given satisfaction. 
For some time efforts have been made to have this arc 
light relocated, but it was said that no suitable place could 
be found. It is now located in the midst of many wires of 
every description and officials of the lighting company 
claim that these wires affect the light, in that they detract 
from its power. At times it resembles a candle, so weak 
being its flame, and were it not for the lights supplied by 
merchants on the square, the blocks would be in darkness. 
According to the new layout, one of the incandescent 
lamps will be placed near the corner of Bullock's Point 
and Lincoln avenue, another at the corner of Turner ave- 
nue, a third at the corner of Bullock's Point and Adams 
avenues, one near the Consolidated station, one on Paw- 
tucket avenue and another on the east side of Bullock's 
Point avenue. Incandescent lamps will also be placed on 
all the side streets leading from Bullock's Point avenue, in 
the near future. 


School for Police Opens. 

Philadelphia, Pa.— When Superintendent of Police Rob- 
inson formally opened the new Philadelphia police school 
by addressing the faculty and student body, one or more 
of Director George C. Porter's ideas for increasing the in- 
telligence and efficiency of the police department of this 
city was put into effect. The opening of this police train- 
ing school is expected to fill a long-felt want in the city's 
police system. Courses have been arranged for all branches 
of police duty. They will include military and police drills, 
setting-up exercises and other physical training, instruc- 
tion in first aid to the injured, advice as to the handling 
of prisoners, special talks on legal points with reference 
to the city ordinances and other matters of technical im- 

$50,000 Fire in Albion. 

Albion, Mich.— Albion suffered a $50,000 fire loss in a 
fierce electrical storm when the Commonwealth Power Co.'s 
local plant was struck and burned to the ground, a total 
loss. All industries in the city depending upon electricity 
are at a standstill, and the city lighting system was de- 
moralized. The city fire department was handicapped in 
fighting the fires, as the pressure pumps were operated 
from the power plant and it was necessary to fall back 
on an antiquated steam plant. By conserving the water, 
however, the plant of the Model Laundry, east of the 
power plant, was saved as well as other buildings in the 
neighborhood. The burned plant will be rebuilt. 

New York has New Low Fire Record. 

New York, N. Y. — Fire Commissioner Johnson has ready 
figures to show that the department has saved New York 
City $2,238,686 in the first six months of 1913. This is the 
net difference between the damage caused by 8,455 fires of 
the first half of 1912 and that by 6,605 fires so far this year. 
The reduction of 1,850 fires Commissioner Johnson at- 
tributes to three causes — the war in the courts on the 
arson trust, the severe censure upon the insurance com- 
panies for their lax methods in issuing policies and the 
stringent enforcement of fire prevention rules. 

Fire Kills Fifty Girls in Binghamton Factory. 
Binghamton, N. Y. — At least 50 girls were burned to 
death and 50 more injured, many fatally, in a fire which 
destroyed a four-story factory. The Binghamton Clothing 
Company, which occupied the whole building, had 125 girls 
on the payroll. The fire started in the basement, ran up 
the elevator and stairways and spread out on each floor. A 
fire drill alarm was sounded but was not responded to 
quickly because the girls thought it a practice drill. The 
fire department was slow in arriving on the scene because 
the apparatus from a house a block or two distant was away 
in answer to another alarm. The greatest loss of life took 
place on the topmost floor, the fourth, where 50 girls sat, 
knee to knee, driving the machines that cut and sewed pat- 
terns for men's overalls. 

Women's and Children's Police Bureau to Be Organized. 
Oakland, Cal. — Oakland has decided to set aside $6,000 
for a woman's police bureau next year. Of this $1,600 a 
year will be for salary of a woman chief and $1,200 each 
for two assistants. There will also be a stenographer. 
The bureau will have headquarters in the City Hall and will 
co-operate with the Chief of Police and the probation offi- 
cer, but will be responsible directly to the Commissioners 
of Public Health and Safety. The department will be offi- 
cially known as the Women's and Children's Police Bureau. 
Its functions will be to police public dance halls and escort 
women called to police courts as witnesses, defendants and 
complainants. Dr. Minora Kibbe, a prominent club woman, 
will select the chief of the bureau. 

Cost of Police to Guard San Francisco. 

San Francisco, Cal. — It takes 944 men and $1,505,020 to 
guard the lives and property of San Franciscans each year, 
according to a summary of the annual report of Chief of 
Police D. August White, just published. 



Vol. XXXV, No. 4. 


New Aerial Truck in Service. 

Woonsocket, R. I. V ' piece of motor- 

driven lire apparatus, the o liook and ladder 

truck, went station on North Main 

Street, and will be known as truck No. 2 hook 

and ladder truck, which has been al station Xo. 3, is now 
doing duty at the No. 5 station on Social street. With a 
tnent chief, a permanent deputy chief and 43 perma- 
nent men, the city's lire fighting force has been raised to 
a high degree of efficiency, which has been aided materi- 
ally by the addition of the two new pieces of automobile 

Fire Auto Is Badly Wrecked. 

Atlantic City, N. J. — Flung 20 feet through the air and 
landing with terrific force against a fence when the auto in 
which he was on his way to a tire crashed into a tree on 
South Connecticut avenue, Captain George King of Engine 
Company No. 7 escaped with no more serious injuries 
than a badly lacerated eye and a sprained wrist, though 
the car was traveling at a rate exceeding 30 miles an hour. 
The car, with the exception of the chassis, was almost 
completely demolished, but the driver, George Anderson, 
held in his seat by the steering gear, escaped with a severe 

Abilene Auto Fire Engine Shipped. 

Abilene, Tex. — A message has been received by J. J. 
Clinton, chief of the Abilene fire department, stating that 
the auto fire engine recently purchased by the city had 
been shipped and would arrive within the next ten days. 
This is one of the largest and best equipped engines that 
has ever been shipped to the State. Chief Magee of the 
Dallas fire department has stated that he would be pres- 
ent when the engine was delivered and witness the first 
demonstration and test of the new engine. Chief Magee 
will be the guest of Chief Clinton and the Abilene fire de- 

Madison Is Pleased with Patrol Wagon. 

Madison, Wis. — Mayor Heim is greatly pleased with the 
new auto patrol wagon. The car was furnished by the 
Spooner-McConnell company which secured the chassis 
from the Kissel Kar company. The body was manufac- 
tured by the Wisconsin Wagon company under the per- 
sonal direction of Christian Hansen who also made the 
patrol wagon drawn by horses which served the city for 
many years. 

New Motor Fire Truck. 

Bristol, Ya., July 2. — The handsome new motor-driven 
fire fighting car and pumping outfit combined, to be used 
by Bristol, has arrived and will be given an immediate iest. 
It carries a strong pumping apparatus. The truck is from 
the La France Company, Elmira, X. Y., who also furnished 
the car now in use in Bristol, Tenn. 

Seagrave Auto Truck for Boulder. 

Boulder, Col. — The new Seagrave combination hose and 
chemical auto truck which the city of Boulder bought for 
its fire department is now at the Pearl street station. The 
old City Council contracted for the car last March. They 
felt that the three fire stations were a burden on the city 
because of the necessity of keeping so many horses. An 
auto truck costs nothing when not in action and the city 
will expend now only about $100 per year on the upkeep of 
the Pearl street and Mapleton Hill stations where it spent 
$700 per year when horses were used. The apparatus at the 
Mapleton Hill station will now be discarded and the men 
who have been employed there will be moved down to 
Pear] street. Chief McAllister is enthusiastic over the new 
truck and is planning some exhibition runs soon. The big 
car has an 80 horse-power engine, tut can really be forced 
to the limit of 90 \ speed of 35 miles an 

hour is guaranteed Mow ever, the car can he made to go 
much faster than this if it is necessary. The 50-gallon 
chemical engine is an essential part of the new apparatus. 
Fire Chief McAllister thinks that he will be able to take 
care of at least 60 per cent, of the Boulder fires with the 
chemical machine alone. It carries ;l live-wire cutter, so 

that the danger of electricity can be easily avoided during 
fires. It has also an instrument which can be used effec- 
tively in opening heavy doors. Some ceiling hooks are at- 
tached to the truck. These may be used in tearing plaster 
and lath off the walls of a building. Up-to-date reducers 
enable the firemen to attach a small hose to the big one 
and carry a small stream to the small flames of a fire. Hose 
clamps go with the apparatus so that the flow of water may 
be cut off without going to the hydrant. The big search- 
light which accompanies the car will help the firemen to 
locate small flames. 

Auto Fire Engine for Congress Heights. 
Washington, D. C. — The chemical engine which for ten 
years has been the only fire-fighting apparatus stationed at 
Congress Heights, has been replaced by a modern automo- 
bile fire engine and hose wagon. The new station, hereto- 
fore known as Chemical Engine Company Xo. 5, will go 
under the name of Fire Engine Company No. 25. The in- 
stallation of the apparatus is due to the agitation started 
several months ago by the Public Improvement Associa- 
tion. Trials of the engine were held in the vicinity of 
Congress Heights about two weeks ago to ascertain 
whether the new engine would be capable of climbing the 
hills. It met the test successfully and was finally allotted 
to the Congress Heights station. 

Efficiency of Fire Department Demonstrated. 

Woonsocket, R. I. — The efficiency of city's fire-fighting 
force and the value of the recent additions to Woonsocket's 
fire apparatus, were amply demonstrated during the Fourth 
of July period. The "night before the Fourth," while the 
firemen were fighting a double alarm blaze at Lefrancois's 
garage on Gaulin avenue, an alarm came in from the upper 
end of Park avenue. Chief Cote, in his automobile, made 
the trip from one end of the city to the other in a very few 
minutes, and was at the scene of the Park avenue alarm be- 
fore No. 1 truck and No. 4 hose wagon, both going to the 
blaze from the Bernon street station, had arrived at the 
fire. The two latter vehicles are horse-drawn. The Xo. 3 
hose wagon, motor driven, followed Chief Cote's machine 
to the First Ward fire and was on the job before the Xo. 1 
truck arrived. The city's motor-driven hose wagon re- 
sponds to all alarms, and its aerial truck, also motor-driven, 
responds to alarms in the Main street section and to all 
alarms from mills, churches and places where there are 
tall buildings. The advantages of having an aerial truck 
were strikingly demonstrated at a fire in a building used for 
business and storage purposes and located on High street. 
This building, the remodelled old Baptist Church, was the 
scene of a roof fire. The firemen drove the aerial truck 
into the Xew Haven road's freight yards near the big 
stone freight depot and in a minute and a half the big 
extension ladders with Lieut. Walter W. Gobeille at its 
peak, had been raised and the roof fire was quickly ex- 

With its magnificent water service and substantially 
augmented fire-fighting force, apparatus and men both 
having been increased, this city is well equipped to 
protect the property of taxpayers from flames. The 
city now has a permanent fire chief and a permanent dep- 
uty chief, three hook and ladder trucks, one motor driven, 
and five hose wagons, one motor driven. It has 45 per- 
manent firemen and in addition several call firemen are 
attached to each company. This year, also the city has 
put into condition its fifth fire station. This is a brick 
structure located in the heart of the social district, where 
fire risks are greatest and where, in addition to many huge 
tenement blocks, there are many mills. 

The value of the motor-driven apparatus has been so 
conclusively demonstrated during the past few months that 
members of the City Council fire committee are consider- 
ing the advisability of replacing the No. 4 hose wagon, 
horse-drawn, which is not in good condition, with the Xo. 
1 hose wagon from the Bernon street station and placing 
at the Xo. 1 station a modern combination chemical, hose 
wagon and truck similar to that now quartered at the No. 
3 station on North Main street. 

July 24. 1913. 




Plan of City Government Successful. 

Staunton, Va. — After a trial that has extended over a 
period of three years the people of Staunton are almost a 
unit on the proposition that the Staunton plan of city gov- 
ernment is not only a great success, but the best plan of 
municipal government that has ever been devised. Staun- 
ton is a city of 12,000 inhabitants. Before 1910 its affairs 
were administered by a City Council and a Mayor. It is 
forbidden by law to abolish these institutions, but it de- 
cided to hire a general manager, an expert in municipal 
affairs, to direct its business. It chose S. D. Holsinger, 
a practical engineer. During the past three years Holsinger, 
who is under bond, has directed the various departments, 
has had charge of city improvement and purchased sup- 
plies. The Mayor acts in conjunction with Holsinger, the 
general manager, and the City Council acts as a safety 
valve for them. The scheme has worked beautifully. 

Bond Issue Enjoined. 

Huntington, W. Va. — Charging the Board of City Com- 
missioners with fraudulently abusing their powers as pub- 
lic officials, injunction proceedings were instituted in the 
Circuit Court by the citizens of Huntington, W. Va., to en- 
join the sale of $200,000 bonds a few hours before the City 
Commissioners were about to sell the bonds. A temporary 
injunction was granted. The plaintiffs, representing a large 
number of taxpayers, charge that the commissioners caused 
the issuance of bonds without providing for a sufficient tax 
to insure the payment of accrued interest and without pro- 
viding a sinking fund to liquidate the bonds. It is also 
alleged that the election at which the bond issue was rati- 
fied was illegal and fraudulent. 


Abandon Oil Sprinkling. 
Elwood, Ind. — An effort being made to have all the un- 
paved streets of the city covered with a coating of oil 
to do away with the dust evil seems about to fall through 
the failure of the property owners to pay for the oil. The 
city recently agreed to do the sprinkling free of charge, 
but the citizens have not paid in enough to purchase the 
necessary oil for every street and the effort is likely to be 

City Oiling Macadam Streets. 
Green Bay, Wis. — All of the macadam streets of the 
city will be oiled this summer. Under the direction of 
Street Commissioner John Bardouche oil has been placed 
on one side of Jefferson and other streets, and the oil will 
be placed on the other side in a few days. The city bought 
8,0000 gallons of road oil, and is using that consignment 
now. An order for 8,000 gallons more has been placed, and 
the oil will be used when it arrives. Last year the city put 
12,000 gallons of oil on the macadam driveways, while this 
year at least the 16,000 ordered will be used, and perhaps 
a few thousand more gallons. Street Commissioner Bar- 
douche believes he knows a good deal more about the) 
use of oil on roads now than he did last year. He will 
apply a greater amount of oil than he applied a year ago, 
and believes it will give better satisfaction to property 
owners and individuals who use the streets. Oil will be 
placed on Jefferson, Cherry, Mather, Porlier streets and 
Webster avenue. 

Will Use Weed Killer on Streets of Sterling. 
Sterling, 111. — The weeds in the city are to go. Through 
the efforts of the Commercial Club and on recommenda- 
tion of Roadmaster Leo Ryan, a quantity of the Atlas A 
weed killer, used successfully by the Northwestern Rail- 
road, has been ordered for trial by the city by Alderman 
W. J. Moore, chairman of the Streets and Alleys Committee 
of the Council. 


Trackless Trolley Cars for Sullivan. 

Bristol, Tenn. — It is probable that Sullivan County will 
be one of the first counties in Tennessee to have trackless 
trolley cars. J. G. Rossman, chief engineer of the Henry 
L. Doherty Company, New York, is inquiring into the sit- 
uation with a view to introducing the system in Sullivan 
County. It is believed that with this county's turnpikes, 
which have been constructed in the last few years, the 
trackless trolley cars can be operated profitably, and in the 
event Mr. Rossman's investigation is satisfactory to the 
capitalists whom he represents, the system will be tried 
in this county. 

New Cars on Exhibition. 

Butte, Mont. — Butte people will soon be given an op- 
portunity of inspecting one of the four new center en- 
trance "pay-as-you-enter" street cars, for Manager J. R. 
Wharton of the street railway has announced that the first 
of the new cars to be equipped with the axles and wheels 
will be placed on exhibition just west of Main street and 
Broadway. The new cars have a capacity of 60 people. 
There are no platforms, the motorman standing in a front 
portion of the car reserved for him. The center entrance 
is provided with a lower step, which when the car stops 
is dropped. The closing of the door when the car starts 
lifts up the step. 

Remove Trolley System from Batavia. 

Batavia, N. Y. — Batavia's trolley system, which is owned 
by the Buffalo & Williamsville Railway Company, has 
been abandoned and the franchise of the company sur- 
rendered. This line, which is a trifle over two miles long, 
is double tracked through Main street from one end of the 
corporation to the other. It has been operated since Sep- 
tember 19, 1903, and the officials claim it has represented 
a net loss of from $8,000 to $10,000 a year since that time. 


Grant for City Ice Plant. 

New York, N. Y. — The Aldermen have allowed Borough 
President McAneny $32,000 for a municipal ice plant. The 
plant is to be placed in the new Municipal Building, and 
President McAneny explained that the experiment was to 
be made only for the purpose of supplying ice to the city 
departments. "I find that we will save twice as much a 
year as the proposed plan will cost," said Mr. McAneny. 
"We have no further idea at present than that of supply- 
ing the municipal departments. We have power going to 
waste which should be used to manufacture ice." 

Muncipal Market Plan to Get a Trial at Denver. 

Denver, Colo. — Mayor Perkins contemplates the estab- 
lismment of a chain of municipal neighborhood markets 
and the first one will be opened in South Denver. The 
success of the first market will determine whether others 
are to be established, says Mayor Perkins. "The city 
neighborhood markets have come to stay," said the mayor, 
''and the commissioners will see to it that the enterprise is 
made a success. The grower, too, is to get a square deal 
when he disposes of his products to the municipal market. 
There has been much complaint by them of late and all 
this trouble will be eliminated." 

Plan Municipal Swimming Pool. 

Appleton, Wis. — The City Commission has decided to 
designate "Four Ladders" as the official swimming hole of 
Appleton, and steps will be taken immediately in the 
matter of securing the necessary rights and privileges 
from the parties owning the riparian right, including the 
Northwestern Railroad Company, whose switch track 
passes the place. "Four Ladders" is located a short dis- 
tance west of the Lake street bridge on the south side of 
the river and is one of the most popular swimming places 
in the river. If the necessary rights can be secured the 
commission will take prompt steps in equipping the place 
with such appurtenances as go to make a swimming hole 
safe and with tents to be used temporarily for dressing 


Vol. XXXV, No. 4 


A Summary and Notes of Recent Decisioni 
Rulings of Interest to Municipalities 

Special Assessments — Validity. 
City of Spokane v. Ridpath et al. — The failure of a city to 
acquire the right to change the grad< of a street in eminent 
domain proceedings would not affect the validity of an 
assessment to defray the cost of making the improvement, 
though abutting owners may have been damaged by the 
change. — Supreme Court of Washington, 132 P. R., 639. 

Damages — Instructions. 
City of Rome v. Harris. — In an action for damages, it is 
the better practice to charge the jury that the amount of 
the verdict is left to "the enlightened consciences of impar- 
tial jurors" instead of "the sound discretion of impartial 
Jurors."— Court of Appeals of Georgia, 78 S. E. R., 475. 

Nuisances — Liability. 
Hines v. City of Rocky Mount. — The rule that, unless a 
right of action is given by statute, municipal corporations 
may not be held liable to individuals for failure to perform, 
or neglect in performing, duties governmental in their nature 
is subject to the limitation that neither a municipal corpor- 
ation nor other governmental agency may establish and 
maintain a nuisance causing appreciable damage to the 
property of a private owner without being liable therefor. — 
Supreme Court of North Carolina, 78 S. E. R., 510. 

Taxation — Exemptions — School Tax. 
City of Louisville et al v. Board of Education of City of 
Louisville et al. — A school tax levied by a municipality is 
not a "municipal taxation" within the Constitution, provid- 
ing that the General Assembly may authorize any city to 
exempt manufacturing establishments from municipal tax- 
ation, so that a manufacturing plant is not exempt from 
a school tax. though the city taking authorities did not col- 
lect such tax from manufacturing plants for a long period. — 
Court of Appeals of Kentucky, 157 S. W. R., 379. 

Dedication of Street — Acceptance — Use. 
Weiss v. City of Mt. Vernon et al. — Where grantees of an 
owner of land, who had offered to dedicate a street to the 
public, appropriated part of the land intended for a street. 
and held it adversely for more than the period of limitation. 
their title is good as against the municipality, even though 
it subsequently accepted the dedication by using the unin- 
closed portion of the land intended for a street; for, where 
a municipality relies upon the acceptance of a dedication 
by user, it must show the use or other acts indicating the 
acceptance, and the dimensions of the highway will corre- 
spond to the user or the acts. — New York Supreme Court. 
142 N. Y. S., 250. 

Contract With Reclamation Company. 
Gantenbein et al. v. City of Pasco et al. — Laws 1911, 
grant to cities the power to construct a system for the 
distribution of water by the creation of assessment dis- 
tricts, provided the mayor and council shall adopt plans 
therefor by ordinance or resolution. Held that, where a 
contract between a city and a reclamation company pro- 
viding for tin- construction of a distribution system was 
held invalid because the councilmen passing the ordinance 
were improperly interested, such determination did not 
necessarily invalidate a contract let by the city to L. under 
the same ordinance for the construction of the system, in 
which contract it was hat the council had any 

interest. — Supreme Court of Washington, 131 P. R. 461. 

Rapid Transit Subways — Rentals. 
City of Boston v. Boston Elevated Ry Co. — Statute 1902. 
provided for the use of the V >treet Tunnel in 

Boston by an elevated railroad company at a specified rental. 
Section 7 declared that the value of the property taken for 
the construction of the tunnel, but no longer needed, should 
be deducted from the cost in ascertaining the rental. Sec- 

tion 10 provided that the annual rent should be 4'/ 2 per cent. 
ol tiic net cost of the tunnel, and defined "net cost" to in- 
clude all expenditures incurred in acquisition and construc- 
tion, including damages, expenses, and salary of the com- 
mission, and interest at the rate of 5 l /i per cent, on the debt 
incurred in construction prior to the beginning of the use. 
Section 16 declared that all rents received from property 
taken for construction should be applied (1) to meet sinking 
fund requirements; (2) to meet interest on bunds; and (3) 
the surplus to the general revenues of the city. Held, that 
where the city took certain estates for the completion of the 
tunnel and approaches, parts of which thereafter became 
unnecessary for tunnel purposes, and were leased by the city 
to others, the net cost of the tunnel for the purpose of as- 
certaining the rent should be ascertained as of the time 
when the use of the tunnel began, and that the deduction for 
surplus property taken should be made as of that time, since 
in no other way could the city receive interest on the cost 
of the tunnel during construction, and the rents received 
from such surplus land be contributed to its sinking fund 
and other specified uses. — Supreme Judicial Court of Massa- 
chusetts, 102 N. E. R., 79. 

Sewer Contract — Extra Work. 

City of Richmond v. Burton. — A municipal sewer contract 
provided that the size and form of the sewer, its location 
and grade, etc., should conform to the plans and specifica- 
tions of a city engineer subject to such modification as he 
might deem necessary during the execution of the work; 
that the trenches were to be dug in accordance with the 
lines, grades, depths, and widths which would be given by 
the engineer or his assistant from time to time, and, should 
it be necessary to increase the dimensions greater than 
shown on the plans, there should be no extra charge, but 
the contractor should be paid at the same rate per cubic 
yard as given in the original proposal, that all directions 
necessary to complete any of the provisions of the specifica- 
tions would be given by the city engineer or his assistant in 
charge whenever requested, and that the contractor would 
be required to protect such stakes or marks and conform his 
work accurately thereto. Held, that where, by reason of 
the character of the soil, it was found necessary to timber 
loose places and fill slides of earth, and to avoid this the 
contractor suggested wider excavation which was beneficial 
to the city and to which the engineer agreed, the contractor 
was entitled to recover compensation therefor in addition to 
his contract price. — Supreme Court of Appeals of Virginia, 
78 S. E. R., 561. 

Crematory — Construction of Contract. 

Renfore et al v. City of Atlanta et al. — A contract w r as en- 
tered into by the city of Atlanta and a private corporation, 
whereby the latter agreed to erect a crematory for the 
former, for a total price of ?376,800, of which it was agreed 
that an installment of $50,000 should be paid in the year in 
which the contract was made, and that the balance should be 
paid in installments of ?75,000 each, except the last, extend- 
ing through a series of years; that the installments to be 
paid annually should bear interest at the rate of 6 per cent, 
from the time when they fell due; that, the city pledged its 
good faith for their payment, and the term "good faith" 
was understood to mean that the city could not bind itself 
to pay beyond the current year, but the mayor and general 
council of that year by resolution recommended to the 
mayor and general council of succeeding years to make ap- 
propriations to cover the deferred payments specified in the 
contract; and that, if a default in the payment by the city 
of any future installment of the purchase money should 
be made, this should, without any legal process whatever, 
transfer the possession of the plant to the contractor com- 
pany, and that the company should "immediately become 
vested with the title, possession, and control of said plant, 
exclusive of the land, as against the city of Atlanta, and 
said company shall have the right to operate the same free 
of rent, for its own account, for a period of ten years from 
the date of such default." Held, that such contract sought 
.ate a debt within the meaning of the constitutional 
provision on that subject set out in the first headnote, and, 
being entered into without submitting the question to a pre- 
liminary vote of the people, it was invalid. — Supreme Court 
of Georgia, 78 S. E. R.. 449. 

July 24. 1913. 



Calendar of Meetings. 

August 5-8. 

TION. — Annual Convention. Brockton. 
August 19-22. 

Annual Convention, Watertown. N. Y. 
August 25-30. 



Thomas A. Storry, Secretary General. Col- 
lege of the City of New York. 
August 26-28. 

SOCIATION. — Seventeenth Annual Meeting. 
Cedar Point, O. — R. P. Brlcker. Secretary, 
Shelby. O. 
September 1-6. 

ENGINEERS. Forty-first Annual Convention, 
Grand Central Palace, New York City. Jamei 
McFall. Secretary, RoaDOke. Va. 
September 9-13. 

TION. — Annual Convention, Colorado Springs, 
Col. — S. M. Gunn, secretary, 755 Boylston 
street. Boston, Mass. 
September 10-12. 

CIATION. — Annual Convention, Philadelphia. 
Pa. Willard Kent. Secretary, Narragansett 
Pier, R. I. 
September 29-October 4. 

Annual Convention, Detroit, Mich. J. E. 
Pennybacher, Secretary, Washington, D. C. 
October 7-10. 

PROVEMENTS.— Twentieth Annual Meeting. 
Wilmington. Del. — A. Prescott Folwell, Secre- 
tary. 50 Union Square. New York City. 
November 10-15. 

TION.— Meeting St. Louis, Mo. John H. Bank- 
head, president ; J. A. Rountre, secretary, 1021 
Brown-Marx Building. Birmingham, Ala. 
November 12-15. 

nual Convention, Toronto, Canada. Clinton 
Rogers Woodruff, Secretary. 7U5 North Ameri- 
can Building, Philadelphia, Pa. 
December 9-12. 

TION. — Annual Convention. First Regiment 
Armory, Philadelphia. Pa. E. L. Powers, Sec- 
retary, 150 Nassau street, New York City. 

American Highway Association. 

How to systematize the purchase of 
road equipment and materials will be 
explained in a paper to be read by 
Henry G. Shirley, chief engineer of 
the Maryland State Roads Commis- 
sion, at the American Road Congress, 
which will be in session during the 
week of September 29, at Detroit, 
Mich. This paper deals with one of 
the many important subjects to be 
treated by experienced engineers, pub- 
lic officials and road contractors at the 
big meeting. The Maryland Commis- 
sion has been working out the prob- 
lems of good road administration in a 
most painstaking and thorough man- 
ner, and Mr. Shirley's paper will 
undoubtedly present some interesting 

Col. E. A. Stevens, State Highway 
Commissioner of New Jersey, will have 
a paper at the congress on the treat- 
ment which he has found most effec- 
tive for worn-out or raveled macadam 
surfaces. New Jersey was the first 
state to adopt the state aid plan for 
road construction and consequently 
has a large mileage of waterbound 
macadam roads which are being 
adapted to new traffic conditions. 

"The Merit System in Road Admin- 
istration" will form the subject of an 

address by President John A. Mcll- 
henny of the United States Civil Ser- 
vice Commission and will undoubtedly 
attract nation-wide attention. Politi- 
cal favoritism, incompetence and in- 
difference characterize the administra- 
tion of our public roads so generally 
as to cause a loss estimated by some 
experts as high as $40,000,000 a year. 
Mr. Mcllhenny's paper will show the 
demoralizing effect of political dom- 
ination in road management and point 
the way to an efficient system which 
will mean skilled supervision, continu- 
ous and practical service and due 

Texas Good Roads Association. 

The midsummer meeting of Texas 
Good Roads Congress after a session 
which has lasted for three days came 
to a close at Corpus Christi July 12, 
and those present pronounced it one 
of the greatest of its kind ever held in 
the south. 

The good roads school under Prof. 
R. J. Potts of A. & M. was a distinct 
feature of the congress. Xo former 
meeting in the interest of good roads 
has ever had speakers of such promin- 
ence nor has a stronger program ever 
been arranged, it was said. Speakers 
from four states at a single session 
delivered addresses. 

The delegates came to Corpus 
Christi to hear discussed ways and 
means for the inauguration of a com- 
prehensive program of highway devel- 
opment in the state and many of the 
projects considered touching other 
states and reaching even as far as 

The men at the congress dissemi- 
nated a remarkable enthusiasm for bet- 
ter roads. They presented the business 
side of the question in a forceful man- 
ner. They pointed out that over-enthu- 
siasm might have its ill results and 
that there was something more than 
issuing bonds to give the country a 
practical and creditable system of good 

July 12 was women's day at the 
congress. Mrs. G. R. Scott and Mrs. 
William Gerhardt of Corpus Christi, 
Mrs. Homer D. Wade of Stamford and 
Mrs. Marshall Spoonts of Fort Worth 
spoke before the congress of the in- 
terest the women of Texas are taking 
in the matter of securing better public 
roads. Mrs. G. R. Scott, president of 
the City Federation of Women, spoke 
on "Women's Interest in Good Roads." 
By a rising vote the congress thanked 
the women for their attendance and 
for the talks made at the convention. 
As the closing business of the con- 
gress the report of the finance com- 
mittee, composed of D. P. Talley of 
'Wichita Falls, V. H. Lee of San An- 
gelo and F. E. Keith of Dallas, was 
read and adopted. The report con- 
tained the recommendation that the 
executive committee be empowered and 
directed to take up with and solicit 

co-operation from railroads, commer- 
cial bodies, local good roads and auto- 
mobile associations, and especially the 
manufacturers and dealers of good 
roads materials and machinery and 
such other individuals and concerns 
and organizations as are interested in 
the furtherance of the good roads 

Another important recommendation 
was that a competent stenographer 
shall be employed for all future meet- 
ings of the congress to take down the 

There was no election of officers, nor 
has the next meeting place been se- 
lected. The selection of the next con- 
vention city will be decided by the ex- 
ecutive committee. It developed 
during the congress, however, that sev- 
eral cities were applicants for the next 

Among the resolutions adopted were 
the following: 

"We favor, first, the building of 
rural roads leading from farms to 
towns, and 

"Second, trunk roads leading from 
town to town, from county to county 
and from city to city. 

"We favor the passage of a state 
highway bill providing for a depart- 
ment in our state government to fur- 
nish the necessary information and 
expert assistance to all counties apply- 
ing therefor, and we direct the secre- 
tary of this association to send a copy 
of this resolution to Hon. O. B. Col- 
quitt, the governor of Texas, with the 
request from the Texas Good Roads 
Association to submit to the legislature 
at the next called session this subject 
for their consideration. 

"We recommend that the method of 
condemning property for road purposes 
to be so changed as to simplify same 
to the end that said property may be 
taken upon an award by a jury after 
notice to the owner or person charged 
and upon the deposit with the county 
treasurer subject to the order of the 
owner of said property. 

"We recommend to the legislature 
the passage of a statute authorizing 
two or more counties to agree to joint- 
ly purchase such improved machinery 
as may be advantageously used by both 
and to authorize counties owning road 
machinery to lend or rent same to 
other counties when not in use. 

"We believe that the people should 
be encouraged by national and state 
aid in building good public highways." 
The committee further recommended 
the co-operation and amalgamation 
with the national association and 
authorized the chairman to appoint a 
committee of three to take such steps 
as practical in bringing out such co- 
operation and amalgamation. The 
committee also recommended the en- 
dorsement of the Meridian road to run 
from Winnipeg to the Gulf. 

The committee recommended the 
acceptance of an invitation to partici- 
pate in the International Good Roads 
Congress to be held in San Francisco 
during the Panama-Pacific Exposition, 
February 22 to 27, 1915. 



Vol. XXXV, No. 4. 

Municipal League of Indiana. 

Arthur D. Cunningham, city attor- 
ney of Lafayette, was re-elected presi- 
dent of the Municipal League of Indi- 
ana at the closing session at the Gary 
Commercial Club. Columbus won over 
Indianapolis for the 1914 convention. 

Other officers were elected: First 
vice-president, E. C. Loeper, mayor of 
Noblesville; second vice-president, \V. 
B. Hess, city attorney of Plymouth; 
third vice-president, T. W. Englehart, 
Gary, a Gary councilman; fourth vice- 
president, D. A. Davidson, mayor of 
Princeton; secretary, Edwin A. Cobb, 
city clerk of Columbus; treasurer, F. 
li. Robinson, city clerk of Crawfords- 
ville; assistant secretary, Albert J. 
city clerk of Lafayette. Mem- 
bers of the resolutions committee: W. 
B. Hess. Plymouth; M. j. Vonpein, 
Richmond, and E. C. Loehr, Nobles- 

A resolution recommending that the 
legislature pass an act enabling munic- 
ipalities to increase their indebtedness 
from 2 to 8 per cent, of their valuation 
was passed. The measure was advo- 
cated by Mayor K. Herzog, of Misha- 
waka, who said his city could not 
build a needed sewer system because 
of the limitations. It was suggested 
that Mishawaka have contractors build 
its sewers and then rent them to the 

The following is the list of delegates 
who attended the convention: 

E. C. Loehr, mayor, Ross Eader, chief of 
police ; J. X. Joseph, councilman, all of Xo- 
; Ken Lellman. Lafayette; John Buel- 
skowski, street commissioner. Whiting ; E. B. 
Weismantel, ; Austin Brumbaugh, 
mayor; Milt Murphy, street commissioner; B. 
H. Campbell, city attorney, all of Elwood ; W. 
11. Spillman, George W. Shafer, J. Y. B'rown 
and G. Le Grance, councilmen, Princeton ; 
Thomas Duncan, chairman public utilities 
commission, Princeton ; P. J". Farrell, Logans- 
port ; H. G. Hendrick, Huntington ; M. C. Wil- 
son, milk inspector, Lafayette j Edwin A. Cobb, 
city clerk ; William Slitzinger, councilman ; 
A. U. .Stevens, lire chief; H. J. Kamman, 
health officer; Stanley J. Cooper, police chief; 
Charles S. Barnaby, mayor, all of Columbus; C. 
J. Cottingham, city engineer ; E. C. Close, city 
attorney ; J. H. Eiler, councilman, and L. R. 
Haworth, councilman, Xoblesville ; C. L. 
Hauguton, councilman, Vincennes ; John Bray, 
mayor, Brazil ; A. J. Fritz, councilman, Bra- 
zil ; H. H. Emglehart, councilman, Richmond; 
otto c. Neinnan, city clerk, Lafayette ; W. G. 
Swank, health officer, and L. W. Brichs, Craw- 
fordsville ; L. N. O'Connor, mayor, and L. A. 
Young. S. W. Thompson and E. R. Gardiner, 
councilmen, Montlcello; B. A. Bescher, city 
clerk, and J. E. Thatcher. Frank L. Waidle. 
E. U. McMahan and E. E. King, councilmen, 
and E. GF. McMahan, Richmond ; G. W. Swei- 
gart, mayor; Riley Lemon and T. R. Mc- 
Intlre, councilmen; A. J. Stewart, street com- 
missioner; J. T. Tramp, clerk, and Charles R 
Astley, Hartford City ; Charles R. Astley, 
water works superintendent, Plymouth; Jacob 
Diemuart. William E. Reltemeir, Conrad Wer- 
ner, Fred Schurman, councilmen, Lafayette ; 
Edward Hollorau, superintendent of parks; Al- 
phonso Weishaupt, J. T. Evans, John T. Burd- 
sall, councilmen ; I. A. Gorman, superintendent 
of police; Fred It. Charles, city engineer; O. C. 
. councilman; D, C. Gunn, street su- 

ill of Richmond ; John Thorn coun- 
cilman, Noblesvl H. Bartcl, Jr., 
Richmond; .1. B myor; James V 
Hershey, city engineer, Vincennes ; B. H. Sat- 

cnlef, Montlcello; M. T. Lewis, city 
attorney, and D. A. Davison, mayor, Princeton • 
w. .1. Killtgrew. clerk. Hobart ; T. E. Knotta' 
mayor, Gary ; Arthur D. Cunningham, city at- 
torney. Lafayette; Carl D. Franks, Chicago- 
Fred U. Robinson, clerk, Crawfordsvllle ; H M 
Fisk, Watseka, 111. j Thomas C. Carmiehael' 
' ouncllman and 
Treon. health officer, Aurora; G. M 
v. Yopst, stenographer 

' nd. ; Frank Borman. board of safety' 
Gary ; Peter Buokowakl and Kornella Bucfl- 

Whltlng; Rose Oshinskl, Michigan 
City, Ind . ; P. E. Field, mayor, Kendalvllle- 
R. M. Smith. Wabash ; F. M. McCreary coun- 

cilman, and J. E. Bergman, councilman, 
Plymouth ; M. Howes, councilman, Hammond ; 
Annls Burk, secretary to mayor, Indiana- 
polis; C. J. Loeu, controller, Laporte ; James 
VY. Suoober, controller, Lafayette; Dr. J. L. 
Puckett, mayor, Kokonio ; C. M. Custer, city 
attorney, Logansport ; W. M. Hammer, city 
attorney, Huntington ; H. Hendricks, engi- 
ne r, u mtiug ; c. J. Dell, councilman ; Jonn 
Nichol, councilman; Henry Dallman, coun- 
cilman ; H. J. Bahland, attorney, all of Bates- 
ville ; F. Harper, mayor; James While, coun- 
cilman ; Charles R. Johnson, Jr., councilman, 
and T. B. McGregor, attorney, Madison ; 
George it. Durgan, mayor ; Albert J. Crable, 
clerk; James Schooler, controller; H. F. Kess- 
uer, city engineer; Joseph Vandergraff and H. 
W. Shafer, chief of police, all ot Lafayette ; 

J. Kilgrew, city clerk; Edward Keilman, 
of the town board; Edward Schar- 
oach, treasurer, and John M. Fox, town at- 
torney, all of Hobart; Edward DeBriae and 
C< K Wallace, members of the board of 
works, of East Chicago ; J. J. Montgomery, 
tire chief, Reusfelaer ; John Herzog, mayor ; 
J. L. Parks, city attorney, and Byron Lewis, 
councilman, all of Mishawaka ; Jesse E. Way, 
Coiumbus ; H. J. Curtice, city attorney, and 
R. S. Montgomery, inspector, of Gary ; Frank 

A. McCauley and E. Ade, councilman, of 
Huntington ; William B. Muir, of Hammond ; 

B. J. Patterson, councilman, of Logansport; 
Ezra Schoolcraft, city engineer'; G. T. Tom- 
lin, Fred Strauss, E. A. Hely, councilmen; 
Carl Loetz, controller, and John Harding, 
superintendent of water works, all of Laporte ; 
Tim Engiehart, councilman, of Gary ; William 
Crecelius, trustee and ex-president of the 
American League of Municipalities, Chicago. 


Barrett, Dr. H. P., Charlotte, N. C, 
has been elected city biologist. 

Billson, David, North Chelmsford, 
Mass., has been elected water com- 
missioner for a term of three years, 
succeeding G. C. Moore. 

Booz, T. H., Jr., Rome, Ga., has been 
appointed superintendent of public 
works and city engineer. The two 
offices were consolidated and turned 
over to Mr. Booz who was formerly 
county engineer. 

De Loss, Harry H., Bridgeport, 
Conn., has been appointed member of 
the paving and sewer commission, suc- 
ceeding Frank T. Staples. He will hole! 
office for six years. 

Frost, Dr. Wm. H., United States 
Public Health Service, will establish a 
laboratory at Cincinnati, where he will 
continue his work of investigating pol- 
lution of streams. 

Hubbs, N. C, Salem, Ore., has been 
retained by the city of Silverton to 
complete the street work, succeeding 
C. A. Hartley, resigned. 

Jepson, Dr. S. L., Wheeling. W. Ya.. 
has been appointed secretary to the 
state board of health. 

Kinsey, Edmund R., president of the 
Board of Public Improvements of St. 
Louis, Mo., has appointed six engi- 
neers to standardize all materials pur- 
chased by the city. The men named 
are Wm. E. Rolfe, Montgomery Schuy- 
ler, L. R. Bowen, W. L. Hempleman, 
G. C. Black and L. A. Day. 

Kline, Chas. H., Dayton, O., has been 
appointed city engineer. Mr. Kline was 
chief deputy in the city engineer's of- 
fice for eight years and chief deputy 
in the county engineer's office for four 

Libby, Cyrus A.. Kverett. Mass., has 
been appointed by City Engineer Sam- 
uel J. Lord, of Manchester, to have 
charge of bituminous construction on 
Manchester's streets. 

McLoud, Paul, Albany, N. Y.. for- 
merly chief engineer of the highway 

department, and more recently advisory 
engineer, has severed his connection 
with the department. 

Macquarrie, Allan, Salt Lake, Utah, 
has been appointed assistant superin- 
tendent of the water works. 

Moith, A. Theodore, Beacon, N. Y., 
has been appointed chief of police. 

Reynolds, Frank G., fire chief ofj 
Augusta, Ga., has been appointed as 
member of the committee of exhibits 
to select prize-winning fire apparatus 
at the annual meeting of the Interna- 
tional Fire Chiefs' Association. 

Stanley, Wm., Great Barrington, 
Mass., electrical engineer, has been pre- 
sented with the Edison medal awarded 
by the American Institute of Electrical 
Engineers for meritorious achievements 
in electricity. 

Stone, F. O., Scranton, Pa., county 
surveyor, has been appointed chief in- 
spector for the new county road work. 

Tumble, Donato, Roseto, Pa., has 
been elected chief of police. 

Whisler, Jasper, Marion, Ind., has 
been appointed police commissioner by 
Mayor Wilson. The other members 
of the board are D. M. M. Wall and 
John C. Haswell. 

Wiley & Wilson, consulting engi- 
neers, Lynchburg, Ya., are engaged in 
drawing plans for a new water supply 
for Winston-Salem, N. C. 

Wilson. Capt. Horace, formerly 
mayor of Wilmington, Del., has been 
appointed member of the board of 
water commissioners to succeed Wm. 
W. Knox. The other commissioners 
are T. A. Hilles and A. D. Poole. 

Wright, George F., Paterson, N. J., 
has been appointed president of the 
New Jersey State Water Supply Com- 
mission, succeeding J. H. Batchler. 

The following city officials have re- 
cently been elected or appointed: 

Atlanta, Ga.— Dr. J. B. Kennedy, 
health officer; Dr. Claude Smith, Chem- 
ist and bacteriologist: John Jensen, 
chief sanitary department. All re- 

Laurel Hill. Fla. — Mayor, Eric Con 
Alexson (re-elected); clerk. A. D. 

Pablo Beach. Fla.— Mayor, H . W. 
Smith; town clerk. M. J. Sallas. 

Fort Smith. Ark. — Mayor, J. Haw- 
kins; city attorney, L. H. Southmayd; 
city clerk. Fred Fennesey; city treas- 
urer, P. W. Furry. 

Mason City, la. — City clerk, J. N. 
McHuen; treasurer, Sam Schneider; so- 
licitor, D. H. Fitzpatrick; city engineer, 
F. P. Wilson; chief of police, M. Sny- 
der; water commissioner, W. F. Judd; 
street commissioner, W. C. Belding. 

North Richmond, Ya. — Mayor, W. 
S. Pettit. 

Glen Echo, Md. — Mayor, Dr. L. F. 

Bayfield, Wis.— Mayor, F. L. Pickett. 

Los Angeles, Cal. — President of 
Council, F. J. Whiffen: chairman com- 
mittee public safety. J. W. Snowden; 
public service. Martin Betkouski; pub- 
lic welfare. F. C. Wheeler; public 
works. W. J. Bryant: supplies, J. S. 
Conwell: public health, H. W. Reed; 
harbor. F. C. Langdon; public utilities, 
Cias. McKenzie. 

July 24, 1913. 



Kelly Fire Equipment. 

The Kelly-Springfield Motor Truck 
Company of Springfield, Ohio, has re- 
cently delivered to the city of Dela- 
ware, Ohio, two pieces of motor driv- 
en fire apparatus. This equipment 
consists of one combination hose and 
chemical wagon and one hook and 
ladder truck. Both equipments are 
mounted on the one-ton Kelly chassis. 

These truck have a guaranteed speed 
of 35 miles an hour and in some cases 
have attained a speed as high as 41 
miles an hour. 

They are especially well equipped to 
make this speed because of the flexi- 
bility of the Kelly frame and the three 
point suspension of the Kelly motor. 
There are no cross pieces in the frame 
and this greatly increases the flexibil- 
ity and enables the equipment to stand 
the hard knocks of the road without 

The motors are manufactured by 
The Kelly-Springfield Motor Truck 
Company and are water cooled. This 
new type of motor replaced the Kelly 
air cooled motors during the latter 
part of last year. While the air cooled 
motors rendered uniformly excellent 
service and were satisfactory to the 
users, it was nevertheless decided to 
shift to the water cooled model in or- 
der to follow the trend of the com- 
mercial vehicle public. 

The HydrochronogTaph. 

The Hydro Manufacturing Co., Bul- 
litt Building, Philadelphia, Pa., first 
designed the Hydrochronograph for 
stream gaging at isolated points. No 
sooner was it placed on the market, 

possible to place the hydrochronograph 
at the desired point and record the vari- 
ation in water level at a point several 
miles away. This feature is specially 
valuable in connection with water 
works, as it enables the pumping engi- 
neer to know exactly the condition at 
the reservoir and regulate his pumping 
accordingly, thus saving a large per- 
centage of unnecessary pumping. 


however, than it was found there was 
a large demand for instruments of sim- 
ilar character for widely varied pur- 
poses entirely foreign to the original. 
The illustration shows the long distance 
transmission system which makes it 

The hydrochronograph embodies 
some radically new ideas in the con- 
struction of gages of this character, 
chief of these being the use of an 
extremely large recording drum, set in 
a vertical position, so that, being per- 


fectly balanced, il will revolve a 

touch. The drums on all instruments 
except the type B-l and the ga 
corder are 24 inches in circurafi 
and 15\s inchi 

and, as the charts 
are rectangular, the divisions an 
lar for al ' water and .■■ 

of time, allowing the use of a plani- 
meter when desired. 

The drum is rotated by clockwork, 
the recording mechanism bein- 
ated by a float and counterweight The 
number of working parts lias been re- 
duced to a minimum, eliminati 
unnecessary friction and avoiding com- 
plicated mechanism. The worm and 
bevel gearing is accurately cut and 
fitted to avoid lost motion, to eliminate 
error in the record. With the excep- 
tion of a few parts in the clock, the 
instrument is made entirely of brass 
and cannot rust nor corrode. There 
is nothing to get out of order, and 


with the most ordinary care the instru- 
ment should last a lifetime. The only 
part exposed to the water is the copper 
float, which is impervious to any ordi- 
nary chemical action. 

The various types have embodied, so 
far as possible, the requirements of 

customers. The weekly record instru- 
ment was added to the regular line; 
later, the duplex instrument for record- 
ing head and tail water levels simul- 
taneously, and the gate gage for 
recording amount of turbine -jate open- 
ing. It will be seen that the combina- 
tion of a duplex instrument, with a 
gate recorder, will enable a water 
power plant to tabulate accurately the 
head elevation, tail elevation, effective 
head, percentage "of gate opening and 
exact amount of power used at any 
given time, or by means of a plani- 
meter the averages for any elapsed 
period of time may be ascertained, 
all valuable data. 


Cast Iron Pipe. — Chicago. Quota- 
tions: 4-inch, $28; 6 to 12-inch. $26; 
16-inch and up, $25. Birmingham. 
No large orders have been received 
but the run of small orders is fair. 
Quotations: 4-inch, $22; 6-inch and 
over, $20. New York. The general 
demand is slow. Quotations: 6-inch, 
car load,i$23 to $24. 

Lead.— There is a better inquiry for 
prompt shipments. Quotations: New 
York, 4.35c; St. Louis, 4.20c. 

New Pavement.— City Engineer Wil- 
bur C. Raleigh, Tacoma, Wash., has 
devised a new pavement which he be- 
lieves is patentable. By the new meth- 
od the entire width of the road would 
not be paved but merely two, three or 
four strips each about 18 inches wide 
along which the wheels of the vehicle 
could travel. The strips could be 
slightly curved to allow the driver of 
automobiles or wagons to follow the 
trail more closely or they could be 
flat or both curved and flat on the 
same road. On roads little used Mr. 
Raleigh said the best method would 
be to lay the 18-inch strips slightly 
curved but wide enough at the bottom 
to allow a horse to follow it with ease. 
If another vehicle was met they could 
each turn out for the other and then 
proceed along the pavement like trains 
along a single track. On roads with 
more traffic four strips of pavement 
could be laid, two for traffic in each 
direction, thus doing away with the 
necessity of turnouts. Mr. Raleigh 
proposes to manufacture the pavement 
at a plant in the city and distribute 
them to the road in blocks from five 
to 10 feet long. The blocks would 
be laid just as modern railroad com- 
panies lay track except that ties would 
not be used. An automobile truck 
would be backed up to the place where 
work is to begin. A small crane fitted 
to the rear would hoist the blocks out 
of the truck and deposit them where 

wanted and the truck would follow 
the track as it was laid. A rich mix- 
ture of concrete would be used instead 
of asphaltic materials and a perma- 
nent pavement would be the result. 

Thomson Meter No. 600,000.— Wish- 
ing to make a memorable event of the 
manufacture of the six hundred thou- 
sandth Thomson meter, the Thomson 
Meter Co., 100 Bridge street, Brook- 
lyn, N. Y., announced a series of prizes 
to be awarded to its employees who 
made close guesses as to the date on 
which the meter would be completed 
and numbered. The first prize of $100 
was divided by two men who named 
the right date, June 30. The second 
prize of $50 had one claimant, who 
guessed within one day. Eight guessed 
within a week of the correct date and 
received $15 each. Altogether $6p0 
was distributed and no one was for- 
gotten, although 43 employees had to 
content themselves with the booby 
prize of $1 each. 

Secretary S. D. Higley has already 
announced the distribution of $700, 
under similar terms when meter No. 
700,000 is stamped and shipped. As 
a pointer to guessers the intervals in 
days between the recent hundred 
thousands is given as 1,044. 808 and 
736, the last number being the interval 
between No. 500,000 and No. 600,000. 

Air Compressors. — Ingersoll-Rand 
Products is the title of a 140 page 
catalog just issued by the Ingersoll- 
Rand Co., 11 Broadway, New York 
City. This booklet is very complete. 
not only in illustrating the entire line 
of the company's production, but the 
dimension and the capacity tables 
shown with each type of machine are 
of assistance to an intending purchaser 
in selecting machines of a specified 
size and type to meet certain require- 
ments. The book tells of the many 
compressed air in the different 
fields and practically 20 pages are de- 

Vol. XXXV, No. 4. 

voted exclusively to tables of horse 
power required to compress air from 
atmospheric pressure to various gauge 
pressures, efficiency tables of air com- 
pression at different altitudes, com- 
pressed air transmission tables, drill 
capacity tables, indicator charts, etc., 
etc. The catalog is well illustrated 
with halftone and sectional views of 
the various machines and any one in- 
terested in compressed air and its ap- 
plications should not be without it. A 
request to the New York address or 
any of the branch offices will bring a 
copy to you. 

Footings. — "Reinforced Concrete 
Wall Footings and Column Footings," 
by Arthur N. Talbot, has just been is- 
sued as Bulletin No. 67 of the Engin- 
eering Experiment Station of the Uni- 
versity of Illinois. This bulletin gives 
the results of tests to destruction of 
a large number of full-sized reinforced 
concrete wall footings and column 
footings. The tests give the first ex- 
perimental data of the action of struc- 
tural footings of this kind under con- 
ditions approximating those which ex- 
ist in actual structures. The results of 
the tests are utilized in the discussion 
of formulas and principles for the de- 
sign of reinforced concrete wall foot- 
ings and column footings. Copies of 
Bulletin No. 67 may be obtained upon 
application to W. F. M. Goss. Director 
of the Engineering Experiment Sta- 
tion. University of Illinois, Urbana, 

Concrete Bridge. — The Concrete Steel 
Engineering Company. Park Row 
Building, New York, have recently 
been engaged to design the concrete 
arch bridge to be erected over the West 
Canada arch at Herkimer, N. Y. It 
will consist of four arches and will 
have a total length of about 650 feet. 

Pulmotor. — There is hardly any de- 
vice which has come into use in the 
municipal field during the past few 
years that has received more notice 
in the public press than the Pulmotor. 
yet its use is not as well understood 
as it ought to be. In Portland, Me., 
we note from the local press that the 
Cumberland County Power and Light 
Company has recently purchased a 
Pulmotor and offers its use to the pub- 
lic free of charge at all times. On 
receipt of a telephone message at the 
office of the company an operator is 
dispatched with the machine. Dr. H. 
P. Merrill has been giving instructions 
in its use to police sergeants, the re- 
serves and drivers of the nolice ambu- 
lance. Tn Leavenworth, Kan., the City 
Commissioners, following the example 
set in St Louis and Kansas City, have 
just purchased a Pulmotor. In Brook- 
line. Mass. at the urgent solicitation 
of Dr. \rthur A. Cushing, the town 
has taken up the proposition of buying 
a Pulmotor for the police department, 
and the Board of Selectmen have re- 
ferred the matter to Mr. Dane with 
full power to act. The Pulmotor is 
made In- the Draeger Oxygen Appa- 
ratus Co.. 426 First Avenue, Pitts- 
burgh, Pa. 

Illy 24, 1913. 





To be of value this matter must be printed In the number Immediately following Its receipt, which makes it Impos- 
sible for us to verify It all. Our sources of Information are believed to be reliable, but we cannot guarantee the correct- 
ness of all Items. Parties in charge of proposed work are requested to send us Information concerning It as early at 
possible; also correction of any errors discovered. 





Ind., Greencastle 2 p.m. July 

Minn., White July 

X. J., Millburn S p.m., July 

Pa.. Media noon, July 

N. T., Albanv 2 p.m., July 

N. J., Westfleld 8 p.m., July 

O., Spencerville noon, July 

Mont., Billings 8 p.m., July 

Iowa, Waterloo. .. .7.30 p.m., July 

O., New Haven noon, July 

O., Plymouth noon, July 

111., Danville July 

Pa., Greensburg noon, July 

Ind., Rushville ...July 

Tenn., Chattanooga ...noon, July 

N. Y., Brooklyn 11 a.m., July 

N. J.. Glen Ridge 8 p.m.. July 

O., Hamilton Noon, July 

O., Toledo noon, July 

O., Wauseon noon, July 

Pa, Harrisburg 10 a.m., July 

O., Cinminnati noon. Auk. 

O., Columbus 2 p.m.. Auk. 

Ind.. Indianapolis . . . .10 a.m., Aug. 2. 

O., Lowellville 7 p.m., Aug. 4. 

O., Cincinnati noon, Aug. 4. 

O., Swanton noon, Aug. 4. 

N. T., Albany 1 p.m., Aug. 4. 

O., Bremen Aug. 4. 

Miss., Magnolia Aug. 4 . 

Fla., St. Augustine. . . .10 a.m.. Aug. 5. 

Ind., Rockville 1.30 p.m., Aug. 5. 

Ind., Petersburg 2 p.m., Aug. 6. 

Ind.. Vincennes 2 p.m.. Aug. 5. 

Ind.. Muncie 10 a.m., Aug. 6. 

O., Harshman noon, Aug. 6. 

O., Cadiz noon. Aug. 6. 

Ind., Fort Wayne Aug. 6. 

O., Caldwell noon, Aug. 7. 

Ind.. Evansville 10 a.m.. Aug. 7. 

O., Stryker Aug. 7 . 

Ind., Crown Point Noon, Aug. 7. 

Ind., South Bend.... 11 a.m., Aug. 11. 

Ala., Montgomery Aug. 11. 

N, J, New Brunswick. 

2.30 p.m., Aug. 11. 

Minn., Duluth 10 a.m., July 26. 

N J.. Newark 2 p.m., July 29. 

S. C. Mr-Coll July 29. 

I... Rorkforrl 1.30 p.m., Julv 30. 

Wis., Waupun July 31 . 

O., Lowellville Noon, Aug. 1. 

Wis.. Waupaca 4 p.m., Aug. 2. 

O., Sa 1 em n oon, Aug. 2 . 

Pa., Homestead. .. .7.30 p.m.. Aug. 4. 

N. P., Bismarck 8 p.m., Aug. 4. 

S. D.. Howard Aug. 5. 

O.. Cleveland Heights Aug. 5. 

La.. New Orleans noon, Aue. IB. 

Wis., Lake Geneva Aug. 16. 

111., DeKalb Aug. 25 . 

N. J., Newark 2 p.m.. Sept. 9. 

Minn., Glenwood July 27. 

O. Bexlev July 28. 

Minn.. Winthrop July 28. 

s. C, McColl July 29. 

Fla.. Milton July 29 . 

N. T., Sonyea 2 p.m., July 29. 

Pa.. Pittsburgh noon, July 29. 


Paving roads c, L. Airhart, Co. Aud. 

Palo road, 2 miles Twn. Board. 

Sidewalks, curbs and gutters E. L Smithers, Ch. Comm. 

Paving and curbing G. W. Allen, Comr. 

Imp. highways John N. Carlisle, Comr. 

Concrete bituminous surface, 11,000 sq. yds C. Clark, Town Clk. 

Vit. brick, asphalt or wood block, bit. macadam, etc.... John Berry, Vil. Clk. 

Pavement, 43,000 sq. yds L. E. Torrance, City Clk. 

Sheet asphalt, 28,000 yds R. L Degon, City Clk. 

Vit. brick or concrete D. F. Dawson, Twnshp. Clk. 

Brick or concrete E. K. Trauger, Vil. Clk. 

• Vit. brick, 7,100 lin. ft, cost $35,000 W. S. Dillon, Co. Surv 

Koads, 19 miles J. S. Sell, Co. Compt. 

Improving road A. R. Holden, Co. Aud. 

( 'oncrete walks, steps, etc., at Court house C. Watson, Ch. 

Sheet asphalt, granite, sidewalks, etc L. H. Pounds, Pres. 

Concrete sidewalks and retaining wall Boro. Clk. 

• Cement sidewalks J. A. Holzberger, Dir. P. £. 

Asphaltic. bitulithic, wood, etc F. G. Stockton. Secy. 

Broken stone or concrete, bit. surface L. H. Deyo, Vil. Clk. 

Bit. macadam, vit. brick, asphaltic concrete E. M. Bigelow, Mv. Comr. 

Repairing roads A. Reinhardt, Clk. 

Macadam. 1.54 miles in Elk Twnshp 

Brick, 1.21 miles in Canton Twnshp 

Concrete. 2.13 miles in Salisbury Twnshp 

Brick. 4.11 miles In Milton Twnshp 

Macadam, 1.48 miles in Gilead 

Macadam, 1 mile in Willshire Jas. R. Marker, St. Hy. Com. 

Gravel road J. Kerban, Ch. Comrs. 

Imp. streets C. W. Baker. Vil. Clk. 

Cement sidewalks C. W. Handman, Mgr. Bd. Ed. 

, Vit. brick W. B. Elwell, Vil. Clk. 

, Repairing highways J. M. Carlisle, Comr. 

Brick, 15,000 sq. yds E. T. Purvis, Vil. Clk. 

Improving 37 miles road Co. Comrs. 

Shell roads W. W. Snow, Clk. 

, Imp. roads J. E. Elder, Co. Aud. 

. Imp. roads, 6 miles J. D. Gray, Co. Aud. 

. Jravel roads G. Scott. Co. Aud. 

. Macadamizing F. M. Williams. Co. Aud. 

Gravel road A. Clingman. Twp. Clk. 

Vit. brick, 9,042 yds W. H. Lucas, Clk. 

Paving highway C. H. Brown, Co. Aud. 

.Paving four streets H. A. Smith, Vil. Clk. 

Paving highway C. P. Beord, Co. Aud. 

.Vit. brick, asphalt block, &c, 20,000 sq. yds E. E. Vernier. Vil. Clk. 

. Gravel roads C. A. Johnson, Co. Aud. 

Imp. highway C. Sedgwick, Aud. 

Gravel, 4 miles -Co. Comrs. 

Concrete and steel culvert A. J. Gebhardt, Dir. 


. Sanitary sewer C. S. Palmer, Clk. 

..Sections 6 & 19. main Intercepting sewer. Passaic Val. Sew. Comrs. 

Sewer system: cost. $20,000 T. B. Gibson, Ch. 

Pipe sewers. 25 nnn ft. 9 to 24-inch W. W. Bennett, Pres. B. L. I. 

.Vit. pipe. 46,000 ft. 6 to 18 -in R. C. Merriam, C. Clk. 

Storm water sewers C. W. Baker, Clk. 

Sewers and septic tank S. P. Godfrey, Ch. 

Sewers, three streets E. H. Rummel, Dir. P. S. 

Sewer 12-inch F. Trautman, Boro. Clk. 

Sewers R. H. Thistlethwaite. City All ' 

Sewer system and disposal plant; cost, $23,000 City Aud. 

.Sewers"..' H H - Canfield, Vil. Clk. 

Extension to pumping station. Contract 55D F. S. Shields. Sec. 

.Vit. pipe. 14.000 ft. 6 to 12-in A. Bullock, C. Clk. 

.Tile pipe. 16 miles, 8 to 24-in M. J. Henaughan, Pr. B. L. . 

Outfall pressure tunnel Passaic Valley Sewerage Cmrs 


Water mains, 3,350 ft N. P. Norling, Clk. 

, C.-i. pipe. 8 miles 6 to 10-in.: valves, hydrants, meters. &c. A. E. Kimberly, Engr. 
.Pumping equipment and reservoir O. S. Loftus, C. Clk. 

Water works: cost. $30,000 J- R- Bivens, Mayor. 

. Waterworks, electric light and sewerage system Town Council. 

Improving water system P L. Lang, Pres. Mgrs. 

Brass pipes, etc., in court house R. J. Cunningham. Co. Contrlr. 


Vol. XXXV, No. 4. 




Wis.. Superior 1 p.m., .1 

.Minn.. Moose Lake i 

ia noon, .1 U 


Jll.. Princeton 3 p.m., J 

■la, Carlyle Vug. 1 

D. C.i k-Hg. 2 

X Y., Niagara Falls Aug. 4 

N. V.. New York . . . . 11 a.m., Aug. 5, 
N. v.. New York.... 11 a.m.. Aug. 6. 

S. D., Howard Aug. 5 

N. .1 . i lloucester 8 p.m., 4 

tad, Hammond 10 a.m.. A 

Pla., Miami 6 p.m.. Aug. T 

Minn., lmluth 3 p.m., Aug. J 

S. I I, Beresford Aug. 11 

Henderson.. . .1.30 p.m., Aug. 16 

Pa., Harrisburg 2 p.m., July 26. 

N. Y.. Jamestown July 30 

N. Y., Schenectady. .2.30 p.m., July 30. 

O., Marysville July 30 

England, London Aug. 4 . 

O., Dresden Aug. 4 

N. Y.. Albany noon. Aug. 5. 

Manitoba. Winnipeg Aug. 9. 

Pa.. Reading July 28. 

Canada, Saskatoon noon, July 31. 

X. J.. Gloucester. .. .8 p.m., Aug. 5. 

.Mich.. Saginaw. .. .7.30 p.m., Aug. 5. 
Ia., Des Moines Aug. 8 . 

Ga.. Augusta Noon, Aug. 14. 

Pa., Bloomsburg July 26. 

Colo.. Brighton noon, July 26. 

O., Akron 11 a.m., July 28. 

X. Y. Albany 3 p.m., July 28. 

2.30 p.m., July 28. 

O., Toledo 10 a.m., July 29. 

Ind.. Fort Wavne....l0 a.m.. July 29. 

X .1. Elizabeth 4 p.m., July 29. 

Me Mil,, July 31. 

111.. Waldron 1.30 p.m., July 31. 

Pa.. York 10 a.m., July 31. 

O., Defiance July 31. 

O.. Akron noon, July 31 . 

Haverhill July 31 . 

O., Dayton 10 a.m., Aug. 2. 

X J„ Salem 10 a.m.. A 

2 p.m., Aug. 11 . 

X J., Camden 10.30 a.m.. Aug. 11. 

Ga., Macon 9 a.m.. Aug. 19. 

, i . Hamilton 10 a.m.. A 

T.a.. New Orleans noon, July 2S. 

Washington. . ..2 p.m.. July 28. 

Gloucester noon. July 28. 

Canada. Windsor 4 p.m., July 29. 

Pa., Philadelphia noon, July 29. 

N. Y, Schenectady. .2.30 p.m.. Julv 30. 
M'l .. Baltimore 11 a.m., July 30. 

X. Y. Rochester noon. Julv 30. 

X Y. Brooklyn 3 p.m., July 31. 

O., Cleveland 11 a.m.. Aug. 2. 

O.. Cincinnati noon. Aug. 4. 

N. D.. Rismarek 2 p.m. Aug. 9. 

Ga.. Fitzgerald noon, Aug. 12. 

X J., Atlantic City. .11 a.m.. Aug. 13. 

O., Dayton noon. Aug. 15. 

. Water and gas services P. J. Ekstrand 

Extending water main M F. Olsen, Recorder. 

i steel pipe, 10% miles 36-Inch C. H. Rust, Comr. 

Reinforced concrete pipe, 27 V4 miles C. H. Rust, Comr. 

.Sinking 80-ln. well, 245 ft. deep S. S. Evans, Ch. 

orks F. J- Stent, Secy. 

.Water pipe near Oakland, Cal Navy Dept. 

mains Water Comrs. 

. Superstructures along aqueduct Bd. Y\ ater Supply. 

.Reservoir and pressure tunnel J. P. Morrisey, Sec. 

.Elevated tower and tank E. G. Jehn. Co. Aud. 

.Air compressor pumping system, pumps for 9 wells C. H. Fowler, Ch. Com. 

.Sewer system and pumping station J. Schroeter, Ch. Bd. 

.Cast-iron pipe. 7,000 ft. 8 to 14-ln.; 25 hydrants W. B. Moore, C. Clk. 

allj driven pumping machinery L- Merritt, Comr. 

. Well, 700 it. deep F. Bruehler, C Aud. 

Water tube boiler, 400 H. P L. P. Hite, Supt. 


. Five light standards C. A. Disbrow, Pres. Comm. 

.Luminous or flaming arc lamps, &c Comrs. 

.Electric work, etc.. for comfort station F. E. Johnson, Secy. 

.Power plant at reformatory Bldg. Com. 

. Equipment for electric power station at Victoria, Aus- 
tralia Merz & McLellan, Engrs 

g with electricity or gas, 5, 10 yrs Vil. Council. 

. Power plants and elec. equipment D. W. Peck, Supt. 

. Motor generator, 1,000 k.w M. Petersen, Secy. 


.Underground fire-alarm cable L S. Ramsey, C. Clk. 

. Motor service truck F. E. Harrison, Mayor. 

.Combination motor pumping engine, steam fire engine, 
horse or motor driven; motor combination hose and 
chemical C. B. Allen, Ch. Com. 

. Motor pumping engine. 700 gal City Clk. 

.Six motor comb, wagons, 3 H. & L. trucks, 3 pumping en- 
gines E. T. VanLiew. Comr. Publi 


. Fire department house '. G. W. Wright, Ch. 


. Concrete bridges C. B. Smith. Clk. 

. Bridge on concrete foundation Co. Clerk's Office. 

. Construction Hardy bridge C. L. Bower. Clk. Bd. Comrs. 

. Concrete bridge Isadore Wachsman, Secy. 

. Concrete and steel bridge P. H. S. Hendricks, Dir. 

. Bridge over creek C. J. Sanzenbacher. Auditor. 

.Concrete culverts, repairing bridges C. H. Brown. Co. Aud. 

. Two bridges J. L Bauer, Co. Engr. 

. Concrete bridge C. B. Ramsdell, Ch. 

.Concrete bridge, seven 54-ft. spans; cost, $17.000 V. Fowler, Town Clk. 

. Reinforced concrete bridges W. H. Strine, Clk. Co. Comrs. 

. Bridge; cost, $65,000 Co. Comrs. 

. Concrete bridge C. L. Bauer, Co. Aud. 

.Concrete floor for bridge Co. Comrs. 

. Substructure for bridge W. H. Aszling, Secy. 

. Concrete bridge T. C. Smasher, Clk. Bd. 

. Bridge and abutments S. I. Guener,-Co. Aud. 

Bridge F. W. Gercke, Ch. Com. 

. Concrete bridges (four) J. R. Bowdre, Clk. 

. Bridge W. W. Crawford. Co. Aud. 


. Tr ,ve]|ng crane F. S. Shields, Secy. 

. Fuel oil. 15.000 gals Dist. Comrs. 

. Retaining wall. etc.. for park A. D. Andrews. Ch. 

. Street flushing machine 

Garbage incinerator. 25 tons capac M. E. Brian. City Eng. 

. Gasolene runabout, electrical cable, draughting supplies. 

etc H. Loeb. Dir. 

Public market building F. E. Johnson. Secy. 

.Superstructure of recreation pier and mechanical equip- 
ment J. H. Preston. Mayor. 

. Portable houses J- S. Mullen. Sec. 

. Playground supplies and miscellaneous work C. B. Stover, Pres. 

. Oasoline mower and roller F. F. Goldenbogen. Co. Clerk. 

.Retaining wall C. W. Handman. Mgr. 

. Automobile tags, 15.000 T. Hall. Sec. State. 

..Tall cells, two W. R. Walker. Ch. 

Oarage store room, etc S. Winterbottom. Ch. Comr? 

.Automobile truck chassis, also truck complete; capacities 

1 or 2 tons E. H. Kerr. Ch. Bd. Edueat! 


lllniiiiiKhnm. Ma. — Ordinances have 
or improvement of various 

i. m.u.i.,,. \in. — Opening of Tenth st. 
luisville ft Nashville 
railroad Is being urged. 

<.;, .u.i, ii. Mm. — pi Ing dls- 

irove ni ,,i i 

Bond Issui is favored. 

s.iin,,, Mh. — i Lown- 

i movement to 

: ,1 r, ,ails In thai county, Lowndes 

that county connecting Belm 

!)■>«« ii i<« nil-. Gal. — Supervisors 

county have voted unanimously to ap- 

•, $5,000 toward building road on 
Sierra County side of Middle Yuba River. 
which will make cut-off of seven miles 
In distance between Alleghany and Xe- 
vads City. 

I. ii llnhm. Cal, — County will help in 
of building five miles of good 
ling $15,000. 

Oakland, Cal. Senator George W r . 

lo county has applied to 

Oakland chamber ,,f commerce for in- 

nl of project for road across 

rom Davlsville, Yolo county, to 

men to. 

OrovtUe, Cal. — Bond issue for road 

•i. nt in Butte County is being 

i nty Surveyor Martin Polk 

will draw map showing where new hlgh- 

would be of greatest benefit. 

Paaadrna. Cal. — First petition for pav- 
ing of X'orth Lake avenue from Colorado 
street to Washington, has been filed 
with Commissioner of Public Works T. 
D. Allln. 

Pomona, Cnl. — Resolution has been 
passed ordering City Attorney to draft 
resolution of intention calling bond elec- 
tion when voters may decide on $75,000 
bond issue for street improvements. 

Sncrnnientn. Cnl. — City will pave 12th 
13th st. subway to J St. 

San FrnneiKco. Cal. — Board of Works 
ommended to Supervisors that 
Van Ness ave., from Bay st. northward 
led to official line and grade. 

Snn Mateo. Cal. — San Mateo county is 

going to appeal to its residents to buy 

enough bonds of $1,230,000 issue for good 

start immediately on work that 

has been mapped out for this year. 

Ii-lv 24. 1913. 



Maachester, Conn. — Appropriation has 
been asked for construction of side- 

Watertown, Conn. — Question is being: 
considered of establishing; ordinance for 
building and maintenance of sidewalks. 

Denver, Colo. — Movement for boulevard 
highway from Denver to Yellowstone 
National Park and Northwest will be 
inaugurated at Sheridan. Wvo., July 19 
and 20 

Dover. Del. — The government has sig- 
nified its intention of giving $10,000 for 
Improvement of rural postal route be- 
tween Smyrna and Dover, distance of 
12 miles, provided Kent county will also 
appropriate $20,000. D. C Following street 

improvements are being considered: The 
grading and widening to width of 100 
ft. of Pennsylvania ave.. from bridge to 
Bowen road: the grading and improving 
of Q st.. from 23d st. to Minnesota 
ave.. and the opening of 25th st. through 
to Pennsylvania ave., through White 

Daytonn. Fla. — It is proposed to call 
a preliminary meeting shortly to get 
sentiment of people on matter of bond 
issuance for purpose of building brick 
or other good roads through territory 
extending from "St. Johns county line on 
north to near Port Orange on south, and 
about half way over to St Johns river 
on west. 

St. Auisvustine, Fla. — Voters of Lee 
county will soon have opportunity to 
pass on bond issue of $200,000 for good 
roads. County Commissioners having de- 
cided to call election. 

St. Ausustlne, Fla. — By maojrity of 86 
voters of Nassau county has carried 
bond election for $180,000, which amount 
is to be used in building surfaced roads. 
Peoria. III. — Resolution hsis been adopt- 
ed for paving Glendale ave. with brick 
from Jackson to Spring st.. estimated 
cost of which is $26,240.30 or $3.87 per 
front foot. 

Elvtood, Inil. — Farmers between here 
and Tipton sue petitioning for construc- 
tion of macadamized road running en- 
tire distance between two cities, dis- 
tance of 11 miles. 

Muneie, Inil. — A. L. and D. M. Kitsel- 
man have purchased $1S,700 worth of 
Delaware county free gravel road bonds. 

South liinil. Inil. — North Shore drive 
will be paved from Lafayette street to 
Iroquois avenue. 

I Bluff's, la. — Resolutions have 
been adopted for construction of large 
number of sidewalks. 

De» Moines, la. — Two petitions for 
paving have been received by City Coun- 
cil. Residents of 56th st. asked that it 
lie paved from Grand to Ingersoll aves. 
Paving of Crocker St., between Ninth 
and 13th sts., is also asked. 

Waterloo. la. — Bids will be received 
for additional blocks of asphalt paving. 

Waterloo, la. — Bridge committee of 
City Council has been authorized to co- 
operate with members of Board of Su- 
pervisors in opening new road from 
Black Hawk road to Fourth st. west, 
silong westerly line of city limits. New 
road will be continuation of Ainsbor- 
ough st. Steel bridges which are being 
replaced by concrete bridges on Falls 
ave. will be used in construction of new 

Fort Scott, Kan. — Resolution provid- 
ing for paving with brick alley between 
Fenton and Market sts. and extending 
from Marmaton to Lincoln has been 

Xew Albany, Kj. — The New Albany 
board of public works has received bid 
from Goulding Bros, of $2.40 a foot on 
contract for improvement of alley be- 
tween Pearl and State and Market and 
High streets. No bid was received on 
alley between Center and Division from 
Thomas to Jay street. Bid received was 
taken under advisement. 

New Albany, Ky. — Board of County 
Commissioners in New Albany has sold 
to Fletcher National Bank, of Indian- 
apolis. $18,400 worth of macadamized 
road bonds at par. Bonds were issued to 
cover cost of construction of Green Val- 
ley road, which is to be improved under 
provisions of three-mile gravel road law. 
Improvement extends from intersection 
of New Albany and Paoli pike, just north 
of New Albany city limits, in northeast- 
ernly direction to New Albany township 
line near Spickerts Knobs. 

Shreveport. La. — By overwhelming 
majority Wards 1 and 2 and part of 6. 
comprising river section of Bossier Par- 
ish, has authorized $175,000 of bonds for 
building system of permanent highways. 

Denton, Md.— Town commissioners are 
considering paving Main street from 
First to Sixth with brick. 

Haserstovtn, Md — Clerk has been in- 
structed to order a 6,000-gallon car of 
street oil. 

Ithaca, Mich. — Paving bond issue of 
$18,000 has been purchased bv A. J. 
Hood & Co.. of Detroit. Work will be 
commenced at once. 

Winona. Minn — State Highway Engi- 
neer Cooley has outlined plan for sys- 
tematic road building in state. Pro- 
posed highway system here will extend 
improved roads to borders of three 
counties, Olmstead at St. Charles. Fill- 
more near Rushford, and Houston near 
Houston. It will give this county loo 
miles of paved highways. Surveying 
crews will begin work next week. 

Gulfport, Miss. — F. W. Elmer, member 
of Harrison county board of supervisors, 
has plans for new road to Ramsay 
Springs, to lead north from Lamey's 
ferry, where couj»ty has just contracted 
for new bridge to cost $6,300. 

Jackson, Miss. — Hinds County High- 
way Commission has awarded contracts 
approximating $116,000 for additional 
modern highways to be constructed in 
Districts Nos. 1 and 5. 

Chlllicothe, Mo. — Agitation has been 
started by property owners at lower end 
of West Webster street to extend that 
street on through Weston Heights as 
far west as Grandview avenue. 

St. Joseph, Mo. — Council has passed 
ordinances providing for concrete walks 
on Third street, Louis to Albemarle 
street, and on Sixth street, Isadore to 
Middleton street. 

St. Joseph, Mo. — Ordinance providing 
for grading of Augusta street from 
Fourth to Sixth street has been passed. 

Hi. zeman. Mont. — Resolution has been 
passed providing for paving of South 
Grand avenue from Main to Cleveland. 
Another resolution has been passed pro- 
viding for putting in of cement walks 
and curbing on North Tracy avenue 
from Mendenhall to Peach. Third reso- 
lution provided for concrete walks and 
curb on north side of West Story street, 
from Third to Seventh avenues. 

Concord. X. H. — Oiling of streets is 
being discussed. 

Camden, X. J. — Street bond issue in 
sum of $90,000 are being purchased by 

Haddonneid, X. J Haddonfield Coun- 
cil has authorized advertisement for sale 
of $60,000 worth of bonds for street 
improvement voted for by citizens in 
June. Borough Engineers Sartori and 
Remington are perfecting plan whereby 
borough will be able to do paving under 
its own supervision instead of having 
contractors bid on work. 

\cii Brunswick. X. J. — Resolution has 
been adopted by Board of Freeholders 
for erection of culvert on Hanson ave. 

Albany, X. Y. — State Highway Com- 
missioner John N. Carlisle will open bids 
shortly on contracts covering repairs on 
116 highways in 26 counties, including 
Oneida, Otsego, St. Lawrence, Montgom- 
ery. Herkimer, Jefferson and Franklin. 
Most of contracts call for resurfacing. 

GlovenvUle, X. Y. — Common Council 
has appropriated $7,300 for improve- 
ment of upper or north end of Bleecker 

Moorhead, X. Y. — Highway Commis- 
sion proposes building of 7.200 miles of 
gravel roads, which will connect all 
parts of state. Proposed roads for Clay 
countv consists of road which will pass 
from east to west on line parallel to 
Northern Pacific tracks and another 
load from north to south along western 
edge of county. 

Xenhurgh, X. Y". — Improvement ot 
Little Britain road and Cochester turn- 
pike is being planned. 

Xlugara Falls, X. Y.— The widening 
of Niagara Falls-Buffalo boulevard and 
elimination of grade crossing at top of 
Lewiston Hill are being discussed. 

Xorth Tonawanda, X. Y'. — Aldermen 
have voted to have Schenek St., Erie 
ave. and Division sts. improved this year 
as state highways. 

Rome, X. Y Plans and specifications 

of city engineer for paving of sections 
ot Elm and Maple sts., and alley east of 
the Y. M. C. A., from Liberty st. to Wil- 
lett St., have been approved. 

Rome, X. Y.— City Engineer Plunkett 
has submitted plans, estimates and spec- 
ifications for paving following streets: 
Allev east of the Y. M. C. A. building, 
from James to Willett street, total cost 
$922.52. of which $153.36 is to be paid 
by the city and the balance by prop- 
erty owners: Elm street, between Madi- 
son and Jay. $5,839.07. of which $507.99 
i« to be paid bv the city and the bal- 
ance by property owners: Maple street, 
from James to George streets. $14. i 83.1 1, 
of which $2,715.49 is to be paid by the 
city and the balance by property own- 

ers. These were approved anil estimates 
ordered sent to Common Council. 

Saranac Lake. X. Y". — Voting of 10,- 
000 for concrete walks and $10 000 for 
macadam roads by taxpayers of Saranac 
Lake Village means that this community 
may have approximately $50,000 in im- 
provements this summer. 

Schenectady, X. Y. — After study of in- 
adequacy of crosstown street facilities, 
board of parks and city planning have 
voted to recommend to common council 
to take steps towards immediate relief 
by extending Jay street to Smith and 
widening and extension of Dakota street 
from Smith street to South Centre sreet: 
extension of Lafayette street to connect 
with South Centre street and widening 
of Clinton street. 

Schenectady, iX. Y". — Plans havi bi 
made for improvement of Madison ave- 
nue. Chestnut and North Percy streets. 

White Plains, X. Y. — E. D. Stannard, 
county treasurer of Brewster, Putnam 
county, will receive proposals until noon 
on July 21 for $37,000 i% per cent, high- 
way improvement bonds, dated Aug. 1, 
1913. and due August 1. 1931. 

Akron, O. — County commissioners 
have completed work of making esti- 
mate of cost of paving quarter mile of 
road, Ira avenue extension, between the 
city limits and Kenmore, and property 
owners' share of this will now- be ap- 
portioned according to frontage. Road 
is to be of brick, with concrete founda- 
tion, 20 feet wide, and estimate of total 
cost is $11,638.38. 

Dayton, O. — Ordinances have been 
passed providing for improvement of 
various streets. 

Salem, O. — Ordinance has been passed 
for improvement of Ellsworth ave., from 
Green st. to Main st. This includes re- 
paving, bringing of street to grade and 
construction of storm sewer system. 

Y'oungstown, O. — Resolutions have 
been adopted for improvement of vari- 
ous streets. 

St. Johns, Ore. — City council has 
adopted resolutions directing city engi- 
neer to prepare plans, specifications and 
profiles for hard surface improvement of 
Crawford street, between Burlington 
and Salem streets, and on Pittsburg 
street from Crawford to ferry landing. 
This will provide for continuous hard 
surface roadway from center of city to 
ferry landing. 

Chester, Pa. — Marcus Hook council 
has adopted brick as kind of surface to 
be used on Post road or Tenth street, 
from borough line to borough line. 

Chester, Pa. — Repaying of Edgmont 
ave. with modern material from 6th to 
12th sts. is being discussed. 

Dorranceton, I'a. — Bids will be adver- 
tised for borough's portion of paving 
Market st. in Westmore section with 
asphaltic macadam. 

Harrlsliurg. Pa. — Ordinance has been 
adopted authorizing gracing of 81st 
street from Knox street to Derry street. 
Charles A. Miller, clerk of common 

Harrlsburg. I'a. — Governor Tener has 
signed the Cooper bill, appropriating for 
state highway purposes money derived 
from automobile registration fees and 
now in state treasury, $300,000 to be 
used for state highways and $100,000 for 
state-aid highways. This money will be 
spent under direction of E. M. Bigelow, 
State Highway Commissioner. 

Honesdale, Pa. — Paving of Main st. and 
part of Park st. has been authorized. 

Scranton, Pn. — Bids for city improve- 
ments, consisting of grading, paving and 
building of sidewalks on various streets 
of city w- 1 be asked for shortly by C. 
V. Terwilliger. director of Department 
of Public Works. Council has ordered 
many improvements for summer, and 
director is anxious to get work started 
as soon as possible. Among pieces of 
work for which bids will be asked are: 
Paving Center St.. Franklin ave. to Penn 
ave.: grading Wheeler ave., Pine St. to 
Gibson St.: paving Dix court. Spruce st. 
to Center St.: paving Grandview ave., 
Wvoming ave. to Washington ave.; pav- 
ing Gibson st. Jefferson ave. to Taylor 
ave.; paving River St., Cedar ave. to 
Pittston ave.: paving Moir court. Vine 
St. to Olive St.; paving Albright ave.. 
Providence road to Nay Aug ave.; Nay 
Aug ave., East Albright ave. to Y\ est 
Albright ave.. and Albright ave.. from 
Nay ave. to Green Ridge st.; paving 
Neptune court: building 15 pieces of 
sidewalk in various sections of the city. 

Providence, R. I. — Alderman, McMann 
of Tenth Ward has presented resolution 
requesting park commission to 


Arnold square, at Regent and River 
avenues, at meeting of board of alder- 


Stonj Palls, B, Bv— Resolutions ha\. 
menl of varl 

,,H,. i.i.„ ,— oul $30,000 will 

roada of county. 

Nashville, Denn. 

,nd Issue of $ 
r.,r Improvement oi Doug- 


Belton, Tex. — Bids for engineering; and 
supervision of proposed graveled roads 
In Road District No. 1, Bell County. 

July 28, 
mi o'clock ■'■ »'■ Such bids to In- 
clude puj ir.0.000 road district 
improvement bonds. W. EL Hall. County 
Auditor, Helton. Tex. 

Galveston, Tex. — First step looking to 

ture of $250.OOM additional to 

already invested in good roads 

In Galveston lias been taken by Board 

nty Commissioners when num- 

i i petitions were read from I 

Ing citizens of Dickinson. San Leon, 
Frlendswood, Alta Loma, Arcadia, Lea- 
K. ■in in, Hitchcock, Texas City 
and Algoa, asking that election be au- 
thorized for purpose of authorizing bond 
issue of $250,000 to be used for shelling 
roads not now provided with this sur- 
face. Klection has been ordered for 

' "if art, Tex. — By vote of 145 to 90, elec- 
tion to issue $90,000 in bonds for per- 
manent street improvements have been 
carried and as soon as bonds are ap- 
proved and sold city commissioners will 
start work of paving business streets 
of city and if possible extend pavement 
into residence districts. 

Tyler, Tex. — Bond issue of $300,000 
has been voted for road purposes, em- 
bracing radius of ten miles. 

Wnxahachle. Tex. — Bonds in sum of 
$35,000 have been voted by citizens for 
street paving, improvement of water- 
works and for new school building. 

Alexnndrln. Va. — Petition has been 
signed asking for special election for 
bond issue of $100,000 for improvement 
of about 33 miles of noadway in that 

Castlewood. Vn. — Additional bond is- 
sue of $150,000 has been voted for con- 
struction of roads in that district. 

Dlllwyn, Vn. — Board of Supervisors of 
Buckingham County are considering 
building of good roads in Buckingham 

Lynchburg. Va. — Sum of $11,700 has 
been appropriated for improvement of 
Norfolk ave. and M. st. 

Norfolk. Va. — Mayor Mayo has ap- 
proved ordinance appropriating $50,000 
for extension of Olney road to Granby 

Richmond. Va. — Board of aldermen has 
1oint resolution already ap- 
proved bv finance committee and passed 
bv common council, authorizing appro- 
priation of $19 000 to extend Grace 
street through Richmond college camp- 
Wheeling, w. Va. — Paving of National 
road through Belmont County is being 

\berdeen. Wash. — Plans have been 
prepared for pavlne- of East Wlshkah. 
Fast Hebron and Kansas streets, con- 
crete pavement; estimated cost. $38,500. 

Racine. Win Committee of the whole 

has decided to recommend issuance of 
$25,000 bonds to complete necessary im- 
provements on streets. City Engineer 
Connollv has prepared figures showing 
cost of improvements on streets already 
1 paved: Spring st. pavement. $1.- 
(541.19: Eleventh St.. $4.17023: Bnvd ave. 
Jl 413 56; Seventeenth st . S3.704.5fi: Mead 
st $85.40; Kewaunee St.. $4,578.53: Mar- 
quette St.. $1.19fil4: Lake ave.. $3,550: 
Kinzie ave.. $5.63S.3fi;: Superior St.. $3.- 
500; Hartmann court. $9009: Forest St.. 
grading of Rapids road. $900: 
repaying of Sixteenth st.. $fi50; grading 
of Washington ave.. $650; Albert st pay- 
ing. $1,157.43. This made a total of $32.- 
352 38 It was subsequently decided to 
1,1 paving of Lake ave. Kewaunee st. 
from Milwaukee ave. to Forest st.. co 
over until next vear. This brought estl- 
down to $25,508. 
Superior, Wh. — City Commission has 
llmlnarv plans drawn up for hou- 
levarding of West Third st.. between 
Stinson and Newton aves. at Fast End 
It Is proposed to boulevard that section 
of street after manner of Hammond 
ave. with S-ft. concrete driveways on 
each side. 

I. o» Angeles, Cal. — Bv Board rrl City 
Trustees contract to T E. Shatter at 
$18,970, for improving Virgil ave., from 


Melrose to Santa .M.unca av Homer 
Hamlin is City Engr 

Miami, Fla.— For paving Fifth street. 

to R B. Fickle at $627.76 and lor grad- 

a paving Twelfth street; to 

Bell r.-. III. — By board of local im- 
provements, contract for paving alley 
just south of Belvldere hotel on South 
State street to Fair Paving Co., at $1,- 

(Baal s ( . i i», in. — Bj Board 

Commissioners for building North Boule- 
Minl in Imnlap-Lippold Construction Co., 
at $104,994. F.. F. Harper is City Engr. 

Murphyaboro, III. — By Board of Local 
Improvements t,, Murphysbono Construc- 
tion Co.. at $1.07 per sq yd., foi 
structlon of sidewalks In Sidewalk Dis- 
trict No. 1. Total contract amounts to 
about $21,000. 

iummi. III. — To John Cherry of Jaek- 
sonville, 111., contract for paving South 
Ottawa bv board of local improvements. 
Mr. Cherry's bid for improvement was 
$139,387.86, which, however, does not 
include engineer's expenses. 

Peoria. Ill Board of local improve- 
ments has decided to award paving con- 
tracts to Jansen & Zoeller, of this city, 
who were lowest bidders. Their bid on 
big north side district was $1.76 a sq. 
yd., or more than $72,000 for paving 
alone, while estimate was $65 600 and 
estimate of total cost $76,307.50. Their 
bid on Hillyer district was $1.74. but 
board thought both bids too high, and 
managed to secure a figure of $1.72 per 
ward for both jobs. 

' Waukegan. 111. — By Board of Local Im- 
provements contract for paving Sheri- 
dan road to Chas. Payne. Waukegan, at 
$10,053. Other bidders were: McCugo- 
Bullock Co., Waukegan. $10,528: James 
Cape & Sbns Co. Racine, Wis.. $10,971. 
M. J. Douthit is City Engr. 

Fort Wnvne. Ind. — Streets to be paved, 
contractors", bids and materials are as 
follows: Forest Park blvd.. Lake ave. to 
State blvd. — Brooks Construction Co., 
$1.25 per lin. ft. for tarvia macadam re- 
pairs; Lewis St., Harrison to Ewing. 
Grace Construction Co., $6.91 for sheet 
asphalt; McClellan St.. Lewis to Baker, 
Grace. $6.23 for sheet asphalt: College 
St., Berrv to Jones, Grace, $7.87 for as- 
phalt: Michigan ave.. alley west of 
Broadway to Nelson. Moellering. $7. OS for 
Metropolitan block: Poplar St.. Miner to 
Fairfield, Grace. $6.20 for concrete; Hues- 
tis ave.. Fov to Miner. Moellering, $7.19 
for Metropolitan block; Miner St., inter- 
section of Huestis, Grace. $8.39 for as- 
phalt; Wildwood ave.. Calhoun to Web- 
ster, Grace, $8.79 for asphalt: Hoagland 
ave., Leith to Kinnaird. Grace, $7.35 for 
asphalt: Beaver ave.. Home to Kinnaird, 
Grace. $7,39 for asphalt: Clay St., W T ash- 
ingon to Holman. Moellering, $8.09 for 
Metropolitan block; Monroe St.. Wash- 
ington to Holman. Moellering. $8.48 for 
Metropolitan block: Barr St.. Suttenfield 
to Pontiac. Grace, $7.23 for asphalt; Law- 
ton pi.. Spy Run ave. to St. Joseph s 
River. Grace. $8.13 for concrete. 

Mount Vernon. Ind. — By Commissioners 
of Posev Countv. contracts to Mount Ver- 
non Construction Co.. Mount Vernon. 
Ind.. at $12,75S, for construction of 
Weiss. Fitzgerrell and Heckman Roads. 
South Bend, Ind. — Contract for pave- 
ment of St. Louis street to Rankert & 
Eggleston. of Mishawaka, by board of 
park commissioners. Successful bid was 

" Wabash, Ind Bv Commissioners of 

Wabash Countv. contract to McGreerey 
Bros., Wabash. Ind.. at $7,000. for con- 
struction of road in Pleasant Township. 
Contract for construction of road in 
Chester Township was awarded to Frank 
Reed, of North Manchester. Ind.. at 

Eagle Grove. la By City Council 

contract for 32.000 sq. yds. of asphaltic 
if pavement to Des Moines As- 
phalt Paving Co., of Des Moines, at 
$l.fi4'i sq. yd. 

Fort Dodge. la. — City Council will 
probably award contracts for paving 40 
blocks as follows: to Zitterell & Sulli- 
van nf Webster City for brick pavement 
at $2 22 'A per vd.. and Bryant Asphalt 
Co of Waterloo for sheet asphalt work 
at $1.89 per yd. 

Gnindv Center. la. — By Town Council to 
Dearborn Construction Co., of Waterloo. 
■-.-,fi so yds. brick paving at $1-98*4 
yd E. V. McRroom is Town ( Ik. 

Osknlnosn. la. — For paving of First 
ave east, between Ninth and Eleventh 
sts..' to Carlon Construction Co.. of Oska- 
loosa. Specifications call for new paving 
to be constructed from vitrified brick 
paving block. Portland cement concrete 
base 4 Ins. thick, sand cushion 1% ins. 
thick. Portland cement grouting, com- 
bined curb and gutter to be constructed 

Vol. XXXV, No. 4. 

with Portland cement concrete. Unit 
price per sq. vd. quoted in bid is $1.85 and 
total cost of paving is $2,627. Curb and 
gutter will cost 60 cts. per unit and total 
of $72, while excess excavation will cost 
i ii, yd. Oskaloosa block brick 
ii in- used. 

Leavenworth, Kun. — Fred Tarry & Son 
riled contract to pave and 
curb Chestnut St.. from Second to Fourth 
sts.; i Hive st., from Second to Fourth 
sts., and Sixth St.. from Cherokee to 
Choctaw sts. Thomas F. Jones was given 
contract to pave Sixth st.. from Miami 
to Kiowa sts. There two firms were 
lnwest bidders. 

Baltimore. Md. — By board of awards. 
for paving commission contract No. 64, 
to Baltimore Asphalt Block & Tile Co.. 
at $14,535.12. Contract for paving com- 
mission contract No. 63 for sheet as- 
phalt, to Filbert Paving ,>e Contracting 
Co., at $57,603.50. Contract 66, for vit- 
rified brick and granite block work to 
P. F. Reddington & Son. at $15,743.57. 

Pocomoke, Md. — By Street Improve- 
ment Commission, contract for various 
street improvements to Louis Lawson, 
Norfolk. Va.. at $55,985. Other bidders 
were: Thomas C. Forsvthe, Baltimore. 
Md.. {82,998; Hassam Paving Co.. New 
York. N T„ $63,974. E. James Tull is 
Chairman of Commission. 

Tuinnend, Mms. — By State highway 
commission, contract for constructing 
8.100 lin. ft. macadam road, to D. H. 
Damon, Ashby. at $5,655. Other bids 
were: W. M. McDonough. Swampscott. 
$5 935: F. J. Mague. West Newton. $6.- 
1S3: R. F. Hudson. Melrose, $7,733. 

St. Loots. Mich. — By common council. 
of St. Louis. Mich., contract for asphalt 
paving in that citv to S. S. Saxton. 

Hattleshurg. Miss. — For 16.4 miles of 
gravel road and streets, to include con- 
crete bridge and vitrified pipe culvert, 
by Highway Commission of Forest 
countv to S. A. Gano, of Jackson, at 

Poplar Bluff, Mo. — By City Council, 
contract for various street improvements 
to Roy L Williams, Cairo. 111., at $86,000. 
Edward E. Thomas is City Engr. 

Elizabeth. >". J. — Standard Bitulithic 
Co., of Newark, has been awarded con- 
tract for resurfacing score of city 
streets at cost of approximately $100,000. 
The street committee selected bitulithic 

South Orange, N". J. — Bids for con- 
Commissioners, contract for Thomas 
highway. in Lincoln Township. to 
Homer L. Short, of North Judson. for 

South Orange. N". J. — Bids for con- 
struction and laying of cement and flag- 
stone sidewalks and cement and cobble 
gutters, cost of which will amount to 
more than $11,000, have been received 
by South Orange Township Committee. 
Contract for laving of cement sidewalks 
on Parker ave., Ridgewod terrace. 
Wyoming ave.. Prospect st. and Burnett 
St." was awarded to J. H. Schmidt, Jr.. of 
Millburn. Cost of the work will amount 
to $4,369 McCrea & Magliaro. of South 
Orange, were awarded the contract for 
laving flagstone sidewalks on Halstead 
ave., Dunnel rd.. Burnett and Prospect 
sts.. at cost of $2,743. They were also 
awarded construction of cement curbs 
and gutters on Ridgewood terrace and 
Summit ave. Their bid was $2,274. 
Contract for laying of cobblestone gut- 
ters, laid in cement, on Curtis pi., was 
awarded to Thomas Mercadante. of 
South Orange, at $2,000. 

Trenton. V. J. — To McGovern Conv 
tracting Co., lowest bidder, contract for 
grading Ellsworth avenue to railroad. 
Brooklyn. ?r. Y. — Following contracts 
for paying have been awarded as fol- 
lows: To the Barber Asphalt Paving 
Co at $12,132. for Blake avenue, from 
Grafton street to Hopkinson avenue: 
to the Cranford Co., at $12,913. for East 
Third street, from Fort Hamilton ave- 
nue to Beverly road, and at $5 956, for 
Vewkirk avenue, from Ocean parkway to 
First street: to Frank J. Gallagher. 
at $18,729, for East New York avenue, 
from Utica avenue to East 98th street: 
to the Uvalde Asphalt Paving Co.. a* 
$5 507. for Sterling Point, from Howard 
avenue to Ralph avenue: to the B. Al- 
r.itraz Asphalt Co.. at $20,600. for 75th 
street from 11th avenue to 13th ave- 
nue and at $S.1S3 for 85th street, from 
Third avenue to Fort Hamilton avenue: 
to Nicola Caponi. at $5 036, for Slst 
street, from Third avenue to Fourth 

Nlngora Falls. N. V.— City Engineer 
Parkhurst has reported to Board of Pub- 
lic Works that McKinney & McGuire 
were low 'bidders on Metropolitan brick 
for 12th st. pavement between Lockport 

July 24, 1913. 



and North aves. Read-Coddington are 
Low bidders on asphalt block. Sterling- 
brick and Hassam concrete. Kind of 
pavement has not yet been selected. 

Rochester. K. V. — Asphalt resurfacing 
on Buchan Park has been awarded to 
Flower City Contracting Co. and Julius 
Friederich for $4,018.85. Asphalt resur- 
facing of Herman st. went to Flower 
City Contracting Co. and Julius Fried- 
rich for $7,541. Resurfacing of Frank 
st. with asphalt also went to same firm 
for $6,441. Frank Crouch was awarded 
contract for cement walks in Ambrose 
st. for $218.75. Cement walks in Frank 
st. went 'to John J. Regan for $638.75, 
and walks in Humboldt St. will be built 
by Passero & Petrossi for $2,613.75. Thos. 
Holahan was awarded contract for 
building road in Iron dequoit on site of 
proposed sewage disposal plant for $12,- 

rticn, .\. Y. — For paving John, Eliza- 
beth, Columbia, Erie. Genesee sts. and 
Park ave. bv Board Contract and Supply 
tn Harv W. Roberts Co. at about $60,000. 

Amherst. O. — By village council, con- 
tract for paving various streets to Ohio 
Engineering Co., Lorain, O., at $55,000. 
H. J. Miller is village clerk. 

Lorain, O. — By Commissioners of Lo- 
rain County, contract for paving part 
of Penfleld ave. road with concrete to 
Elyria Construction Co., Elyria, O., at 
$8,527. T. L. Gibson is County Engr. 

Toledo, O Contract for repair of 

Bancroft st. road between city line and 
Ten Mile Creek, at Ottawa Park, in 
Washington Township, has been award- 
ed to J. D. Raymer by County Commis- 
sioners. Raymer's bid was $6,667. Two 
(Other bids were submitted, Garrigan 
Bros., $7,367, and Michael Hannin, $7,125. 

Youngstown, O. — Contracts have been 
awarded by Board of Control to Gal- 
lagher & Aaron to pave Pearl St., Flem- 
ing, Hawn & Piatt to pave Joseph St. 
and Miller Bros, to pave. Williams St. 

Klln-ood City, Pa. — By borough coun- 
cil, contract for paving Fountain ave- 
nue to George Waller, New Castle, Pa., 
at $22,526. J. J. Dunn is president of 
the council. 

Knoxvllle. Tenn. — The Mann Con- 
struction Co. of Knoxville, has been 
awarded largest single contract for pike 
work ever let in East Tennessee. Total 
contract amounts to $500,000. Pikes will 
be constructed in Greene county. 

Salt Lake City, Utah — By City Com- 
mission contract for construction of 
curb and gutter extension No. 20 to J. 
W. Mellen, at $128,205. Other bids 
were: P. J. Moran, $128,205; G. H. He- 
man, $137,165; A. A. Clark Co., $147,987; 
McKay & Reed, $169,176. Noble War- 
rum is City Recorder. 

Sioux Falls, S. D. — For paving of alley 
in Block 21, J. L. Phillips, Sioux Falls, 
with cement concrete, to Myrmo Bros., 
$1.48Vfe per sq. yd., including grading. 

Arlington, Va. — For constructing mac- 
adam roads from highway bridge to Ar- 
lington to L. Johnston, of Arlington, at 

Richmond, Va. — Board has award- 
ed large number of contracts for 
paving work. List includes contracts for 
granite spall paving on the north side 
of Broad St., between 36th and 37th sts., 
and on the south side of P St., between 
34th and 35th sts., to I. J. Smith & Co., 
Inc.. at $1.33 per sq. yd. 

Aberdeen, Wash To Hankeli-Hegg 

& Co. for paving of alley in block 51, 
concrete pavement; estimated cost $2,- 
403, and to Harbor Paving Co., for pav- 
ing of Second St., from K to M sts., as- 
phaltic concrete pavement, estimated cost 
$5,640. Louis D. Kelsey, City Engineer. 

Grand Rapids, Wts. — Contract for lay- 
ing 10,300 sq. yds. of brick pavement 
has been awarded to Russell Construc- 
tion Co. of Superior. Contract price is 

Green Bay, Wis Bids for construc- 
tion of concrete alleys in east side busi- 
ness portion have been opened by com- 
mittee on streets of City Council, of 
which Felix Biemeret is chairman. Low- 
est bid for work in alley from Walnut to 
Main, between Jefferson and Adams sts., 
was put in by William Van Ess Co., at 
$1,391. Schuette Bros., of Manitowoc, bid 
lowest on work in block from Walnut 
to Doty, between Washington and 
Adams St., figure being $712. 


Chlco, Cal. — Bids for septic tank for 
Chico sewer farm will be called for by 
city trustees. Tank will cost in neigh- 
borhood of $7,000 and will be last of 
city improvements under $150,000 bond 
issue voted three years ago. 

Watertown, Conn Site will probably 

be purchased for sewage disposal plant. 

Kellogg-, Idaho — It is said that bids 
will be received shortly for purchase of 
$30,000 bonds for construction of sewer 
system. W. T. Wilmons is City Clk. 

Muncle, Ind. — Special committee of 
Council has adopted resolution for con- 
struction of sewer in Ninth St., to be 
known as Ninth st. sewer No. 4. 

Waterloo, la. — Voters have authorized 
extension of sewer from Seventh and 
Allen sts. to Byron ave. 

Fort Seott, Kan. — Four storm sewers 
have been authorized by City Council. 

Chester, L. I — Local Board of Chester 
has adopted resolution calling for con- 
struction of sewer and its appurtenances 
to run through portion of Morris Park. 
Streets affected are Bronxdale ave. 
(Bear Swamp Road), between West 
Farms road, at Castle Hill and Sackett 
aves., and Sackett ave., between Bronx- 
dale and Colden avs. Total estimated 
cost will be $40,700. 

Biddelord, Me Bond issue of $50,000 

has been sold, and funds will be used 
for installing of new sewerage system. 

Hancock, Mich. — Engineer will be em- 
ployed to devise most economical plan 
i if sewering Wright addition. 

Pipestone, Minn.— City Council has de- 
cided to enlarge sanitary sewers and to 
construct new septic tank. 

St. Paul, Minn. — Board of aldermen 
has approved of sewer bond issue of 

i uriliase, Mo. — The preliminary re- 
port of city engineer on cost of pro- 
posed general sanitary sewer for drain- 
ing the west and south parts of town 
has been received. Its source would be 
near corner of Main st. and St. Louis 
ave. and it would flow northwest, fol- 
lowing natural slope of land, until it 
empties into Spring river 300 feet west 
of the fair grounds. It is approximately 
2% miles long, would cost $25,139 and 
would drain an area of more than 2,- 
000,000 sq. ft. of ground. 

Plainlield, N. J. — Special election held 
in North Plainfield to decide question 
as to whether borough should join with 
Plainfield and Dunellen in construction 
of joint trunk sewer and issue bonds to 
cover cost of work has been carried by 
decisive vote. There were four propo- 
sitions to be voted upon, and highest 
number of votes in opposition was 
18. Election authorized issuing of $150,- 
000 to establish collection system and 
$100,000, borough's share of building 
disposal works. 

Trenton, N. J. — Figures submitted by 
A. J. Gregory of the firm of Hfering & 
Gregory show that cost of proposed sew- 
age disposal plant may be between 
$340,000 and $350,000. 

Verona, N. J. — Petition is being circu- 
lated for advancement of sewer system 

Herkimer, N. Y". — Plans for sewage 
disposal prepared by J. J. Taney, Civil 
Engineer, Herkimer, have been sub- 
mitted to the State Department of 
Health. Henry W. Taylor. 100 State St., 
Albany, is Consulting Engineer. 

Oneida, N. Y'. — Common Council has 
authorized City Engineer to prepare 
plans and specifications for construction 
of municipal sewage disposal plant, and 
for extension of connecting sewers. Es- 
timates of cost of constructing plant 
are also to be given by engineer. 

Rockvllle Centre, L. I., N. Y'. — Acting 
upon arguments of number of residents 
and taxpayers, village board of trustees 
have ordered special election to vote on 
proposition of appropriating more funds 
for proper laying of drain pipe from 
village power house to Mill river. 

Rome, N. Y' At special meeting of 

Common Council estimates of City En- 
gineer John Plunkett sent in from Wa- 
ter and Sewer Board for sewers have 
been approved as follows: Maple St.. 
$717.50; Parry St., $39; alley extending 
south from Canal St., $113; Calhoun and 
Webster sts, $353. 

Syracuse, N. Y r . — Ordinance offered by 
Alderman Andrew Goettel for comple- 
tion of second section of sewer for Hunt- 
ley tract and streets to east and south 
in Third and Fourth wards has been 
adopted. It fixes cost at $84,000 and or- 
ders that sewers be built in Manlius 
street from near Dwight street east 
anfl in several other streets. Outlet will 
be through Butternut tunnel sewer. 

Akron, O Council has decided to 

start work at once on proposed sewage 
and garbage disposal plants, which will 
cost over $400,000. Garbage disposal 
plant will cost about $350,000 and sew- 
age division will cost $51,000. Council 
has adopted resolution approving plans 
of Engineer R. Y. Pratt, of Cleveland, 
for disposal plant. 

Dayton, O. — Ordinance has been in- 
troduced by Councilman Long and pass- 
ed, providing for sale of lion. Is in sum 
of $6,500 for construction of storm water 
st-wer ...i West Third St., from Abbey 
ave. to Dry Hollow creek. Also ordi- 
nance providing for issuance of bonds 
in sum of $3,600 for construction of a 
sewer on Edgewood ave., from Broad 
way to Salem ave. Resolution instruct- 
ing city engineer to prepare plans Cor 
construction of a storm water sewer on 
Folkerth ave., from Third to Second, and 
from Webb to Terry sts., has been in- 

Dayton, O. — Resolution has been 
adopted for construction of sanitary 
sewers in Sewer District No. 1. (J. E. 
Keller is Clerk. 

Portland. Ore. — Effort will be made for 
the construction of system of sewers 
on the Peninsula. 

Chester, Pa. — The ordinance providing 
for increase of bonded indebtedness of 
this borough for $40,000 to be used for 
installation of sewerage system and for 
paving and general repair of highways 
of borough has been unanimously adopt- 
ed by Council. 

Clifton Heights, Pa — Clifton Heights 
council has passed ordinance to increase 
bonded indebtedness $40,000 for instal- 
lation of sewerage system for rebuild- 
ing of highways. 

Lebanon, Pa. — Ordinance has been 
passed authorizing city engineer and 
city clerk to advertise for bids for con- 
structing northern section of sewerage 

Woonsocket, R. I. — Resolution appro- 
priating $1,780 and adding same to ap- 
propriation for sewer construction work 
has been passed. On motion of Alder- 
man Howard ordinance providing for 
sewers in Cass avenue from its present 
terminus to Dulude avenue was passed 
and ordered communicated to council. 
Resolution appropriating $3,200 to pay 
for surface drain on Davison avenue 
and Willow street has also been passed. 

Nashville, Tenn. — Sum of $1,750 has 
been appropriated for construction of 
sewer in 12th St. 

Nashville, Tenn. — Bill has been intro- 
duced appropriating $3,700 for sewer in 
Edgefield ave. by Board of Public Wks. 

Dallas, Tex. — Papers have been filed 
with Mayor Pro Tem R. R. Nelms which 
virtually assure securing by city for 
sewage disposal plant site a 100-acre 
tract of land known as Diceman estate, 
located about four miles south of the 
Commerce street bridge and running 
from river to Katy tracks. 

Weatherford, Tex. — Bond election in 
this city for issuance of $4,000 worth of 
bonds for extension and improvement of 
city sewer system has resulted in vote 
of 99 in favor of bonds and 23 against. 

Spokane, wash. — City Council has 
approved plans and specifications and 
ordered corporation counsel to draft nec- 
essary ordinance for construction of sub- 
trunk sewer No. 9-55A and lateral sewer 
No. 9-55A. 

Superior, Wis. — Bonds in sum of $9,- 
000 will shortly be sold for construction 
of sewers at Billings Park. 


Hartford, Conn. — For construction of 
sewers in Bonner, Catherine, Ledger and 
Wilton sts., by Board of Contract and 
Supply, to Dan O'Connor, 225 Weathers- 
field ave., Hartford, at $8,237. 

Windsor Locks, Conn. — Contract for 
building outlet into river has been 
awarded to John Bowers & Co., at $3,500, 
exclusive of pipe, which will cost about 

Newark, Del. — By town council, reso- 
lution approving action of sewer com- 
mission in awarding contract for build- 
ing of system of sewers and disposal 
plant to Lynwood B. Jacobs, and also 
approving bond furnished by contractor. 

Miami, Fla. — Among sewer contracts 
awarded are following: The 14th street 
sewer from Avenue D to J was awarded 
to J. D. Godman for $502.16. For laying 
the 5th street sewer Adolph Freedlund 
is to receive $479.80. Hardie & Weath- 
erly secured the contract for laying the 
sewer on 6th street from Avenue F to 
Avenue I, for the sum of $1,437.25. J. 
D. Godman received the contract for lay- 
ing the sewer on 9th street from Ave- 
nue F to North River drive, for which 
he will receive $1,305.63. 

Geneva, Ind. — Contract has been let 
by Town Council for system of sanitary 
sewers to Myers & Myers, of Decatur, 
on their bid of $18,570.33, which was 
about $1,500 below estimate of engineer. 

Des Moines, la. — By City Council, 
contract to construct sewer system in 
Seventh Ward, to Turner Improvement 



Vol. XXXV. No. 4. 

<'".. Dei Moines, al approximate!] 


Lexington, i»». — Ordinance ha 
for construction ol eti er or 

- ....i i st., i ron ■ n Bt. to 
the allej . Eael Fil ih St., 1 1 om Maple :n e 
to Walnut, and one Norl h I 

■ 'hurch i" Sn 

Oakaloosa, i.h. — For construction ol 

storm sewer syste i drainage t.. In- 

depi ndenl • lonsl rucl Ion < '■> ol I laven- 

Baltimore, Md. — Bj Board ol Awards 
sanitarj sewer contract No. 117 to the 
n Co., al 

Uranford, N. J. — Qoi ct for building 

,.i Bewer In Arlington road lias been 
awarded to T. Poster Callahan, of Elisa- 

Newark, \. J. — To furnish machlnerj 

for Newark Baj pumping station by 

Sewerage Commissioners. 

to Camden Iron Works, Camden, N. J., 

Trenton, V J. ro Gtbbs A Morgan 

.iii<l Antonio Dl Lucia, lowest bidders. 

tively, "ii construction of sewer 

Mo 512 In Muirhead street, and of Bewer 

No .".". In Chambers street, 

Bronxvllle, V V.— To extend sewer 
system, to Cortest & Petrello, Mount 
\ ernon, N. V. 

Brooklyn, N. V. — By President of the 
ii ..i Brooklyn, contract to Mur- 
phy Bros., 26th ave., at 813,917, for con- 
structing sewers in Hath ave., from 
.1st to .'3d ave. 

Schenectady, \. v. — By board of con- 
tract ami supply, contract for laying 
5,880 ft of reinforced concrete inter- 
cepting sewer to Charles Ippolito, of 
Orange, N. J. [ppolito has the contract 
t..i laying the first section, also. 

I>unn. V C. — Contract has been 
awarded to J. K. McCrary Co. of Atlan- 
ta for entire sewerage system, and they 
will have it completed bv December 1, 
] y 1 3. Price for job was $41,000. 

i iiueii... Ore. — Contracts for 24.52t; 
feet of sewer in Fairmount, to cost 
nearly (18,000, have been let by city 
council. Ole Soleim, Charles W. Con- 
ii. i a Son and James Kennedy were 
ssful bidders, first named received 
greater portion of contracts. Contracts 
wi re let as follows: Ole Soleim, in al- 
l< v between Agate and Columbia from 
S. P. to Fairmount boulevard. 3,330 ft.. 
12,458.71 in alley between Moss and 
Columbia from near 15th to Fairmount 
boulevard. 1,989 ft. $1,894.52; in alley 
between Moss and Villard. from Fair- 
mount boulevard to main sewer in 13th. 
2,950 ft. *l.HT2.t}7 ; in alley between Onyx 
and Emerald from S. P. to 15th. 1.209 ft.. 
1882.42: in alley between Beech and Em- 

erald fr S. P. to 15th, 1.135 ft., $693.30; 

in allej between Beech and Agate from 
S. P. to l.'.th, 1,040 ft.. $610.76. Charles 
\\ Connor A Son. in alley between Onyx 
University from Stfuth Pacific to 
$1,272.97; in alley be- 
and Orchard Orchard 
>m S. P. to Fairmount 
on 17th and Orchard. 
D.774 ft., $4,581.92; James Kennedy, In 
iMh from allej between University and 
Onyx to alley between Agate and Colum- 
bia and in alley between University and 
(invx from isih to 2(ith and in alley 
between Onyx and Emerald from 18th 
to U 1 st and In alley between Emerald 
and Agate from 1Mb to 22d, 1.787 ft.. 


Ilnrrlshiirg. I'a. — Ror constructing 
protective wall and appurtenances for 
Intercepting sewer along Susquehanna 
Rlvei to Stucker Bros, Co., of Harris- 
bum. .H $161,086. 

south Belhlchrm. I'a. — Contract fOI 

building "i Bewers has been awarded to 
Contracting Co., AUentown, 
Following weri contractors and bids re- 
ceived: Dwyer A Co., Broad st. sewer, 
$951; Lehigh ave. sewer, $903; Weave, 
Constructing Co., Broad st Bewer, $900; 
Lehigh ave.. $675. Charles B. Eastburn 
i i i Bewer. $967; Lehigh ave 

sewer. $681. E. H. Neumeyer, Broad st. 
• !. ii 19; Lehigh ave. Bewer, J.M'.v 
lurk. Pn. — The extension of Vim- st 
sewer, from East Philadelphia to Vine 
to rev Ised pis n will be 
made bj General Supply & Construction 

CO. The three bids submitted Were as 
follows: A. B. Kraft. 42-ln reinforced, 

- i ft.; 12-in. brick, $6.60 per ft 
12-in. vitrified segmental block. $5.50 
per ft.: 24-ln. terra cotta, Vs and lit 

i ft.: 1 2-In. terra cotta v- 
and fittings, 86 cts, per it excavating 
lock. $3. an per i'U. yd,, manholes, $3n 
.aeh. Inlets, $66 Thi General Supply A 
i ion i '" . 12-in reinforced, $■"• 60 
per ft.: 42-in. brick. $6.46 per ft., 12 In 
vitrified segmental block, J.".. mi per ft 

15th. 1,308 

tween Walnut 

Hard, fr 


24-ln. terra cotta V's and tittlngs, $1.90 
per ft ; 12-m tet r« cotta, ST'a 

tings, sci ,ts. per ft,; excavating rock. $3 
pel en. \,i. Eugene Ludwlg, 42-in. brick. 
(5.2E per ft; 24-ln. terra cotta Vs and 
fittings, $2 per ft.; 12-in. terra cotta Vs 
.Hoi fittings, tl pei ii.; excavating rock 
13.60 per cu. yd . manholes, $85 each; In- 
lets, $5ii each. No bids for 12-in. rein- 
forced or vitrified segmental block 
-•w et 

Vnshvtlle. Tenn. — By board of public 
works, contract for construction of 
sew.r in allet No. 292, between South 
lath and South 11th streets, from East 
Llndsley street sewer, south to near 
Russell Street, to T. I. Curtis A Son. at 

iii.'iui i. vn. — By Board of Public 

Works following sewer contracts: Sewer 
in Grace st.. from a point east of 18th 
St. to 21st st.. and in 21st St.. from Urace 
in Marshal] sts., u< H. L Driscoll, $11.- 
157.25: sewer in Allen ave.. from Wal- 
lace to Beverly sts.. to Nicholas & Henly, 
$216.60; sewer in Davis ave.. from Dance 
to Ashland sts.. to T. E. Elmore Corpora- 
tion, $234.25; sewer in alleys between 
Cary st. and Floyd ave.. and between the 
Boulevard and Sheppard St.. to Nicholas 
& Henly, $529.73; sewer in alleys between 
Cary and Beverly sts., and between Col- 
onial ave. and western corporation line, 
to Nicholas A Henly. $1,789.29; sewer in 
Claiborne St.. between Randolph and pro- 
posed Ladv sts. to Nicholas & Henly. 

Superior, Wis. — By Board of Public 
Works contract for construction of sew- 
er in alley between Susquehanna and 
Wyoming aves.. from North 23d st. to 
allej smith of Belknap st.. to P. J. Pas- 
teret. The contract price was $1". 192.76. 
Riches & Anderson have been awarded 
contract for construction of sewer in 
alley between West Second and West 
Third sts.. from Breckinridge ave. to 
Newton ave. sewer. Contract price is 


Huntsvllle Ala. — New pump I 3.600,000 
gals.i will be installed. 

Red Bluff, (al. — City Council will con- 
sider matter of calling bond election for 
municipal waterworks as result of com- 
plaint of service of Antelope Creek and 
Water Co. 

Pasadena. Cat. — Construction of wa- 
ter main from reservoir to Montana 
street is planned. 

San Francisco, fnl. — Board of Works 
has arranged with Major-General Ar- 
thur Murray to install additional pipe 
line in Fort Mason Reservation to con- 
nect Fort Mason pumping station of 
auxiliary fire protection system with 
high-pressure mains. City is to put in 
three fire hydrants at Fort Mason, con- 
necting with this pipe, and is to join 
water system of reservation to the high- 
pressure valves. 

Denver. Col. — The Public Utilities 
Commission has passed three resolutions 
as first step toward construction of new- 
water plant. 

Washington, D. C. — Plans for improv- 
ing Georgetown's water service have 
been worked out under direction Of W. 
A McFarland. superintendent of Dis- 
trict of Columbia water department, and 
will be carried into effect during year 
Expenditure of $20,000 Is contemplated. 

Hat ton,! Bench, Fin. — Election will be 
held on July 21 for voting on $20,000 
bond issue for purpose of providing 
water works system for town. 

Mlshnvtakn. lad. — Installation of me- 
ters in factories is being discussed. 

Duhuuuc. In. — R. P. Melendy. engineer 
for waterworks department, has almost 
completed plans for building of 7.500.- 
000-gallon reservoir which department 
plans building on Eagle Point bluff. 

Fnntanellr, In. — Plans are being pre- 
parer! by Engineer M. G. Hall for wa- 
ter plant. 

Yiillmer, In. — Bids will shortly be 
asked for construction of water works 
system, to include pumping plant, tank. 

pipe lilies, etc-. 

Lancaster. K}.— City council is ar- 
ranging for construction of filtering ba- 
sin with capacity of 189,000 gallons 
every 24 hours. 

Hiiicrrmun d, Md. — Petition has been 
Hied asking for better fire protection. 

Wrstcrnport. Md. — Bids for the pur- 
t all or any part of an Issue of 
ffiii, 000 of general Improvement bonds 
of town of Westernport. Allegany coun- 
try, will be received by clerk not later 
than 6 p. m.. Aug. 12. proceeds to be 
used for extension and improvement of 
public water supply system of town 
II Bruce is clerk. 

Boston, Mass. Mayor Fitzgerald will 
call city council in special session and 
transmit order for $200,000 to cover es- 
timated expense of installing larg 
1.1 mains in certain districts of Dot 
cheater and Roxbury. 

Fnii River. Mass.— New pump will be 

purchased anil installed In station at 

head "t Bedford street by the Watuppa 
water board. 

Taunton, Mass. Municipal Council has 
voted 10 grant petition of residents of 

Anawan st. I'm extension of water main 
on that avenue. Water commissioners 
had reported that extension would re- 
quire 1,100 feet Of main pipe. 

Fast Grand, Mich. — Election 
will be held July 24 for voting on $25,000 
l¥>nd issue for installation of water 
works system. 

Perry, Mich. — Steps will be taken to 
install waterworks system. 

st. I'aul. Minn. — Proposed water works 
bond issu.- of $160,000 has been passed. 

Monroe ( ity. Mo. — Installation of wa- 
terworks system is being considered. 

St. Joseph, Mo.— Additional water sup- 
lily for South St. Joseph has been as- 
sured by passage of ordinance by coun- 
cil which provides for 1. more feet of 

mains along King Hill avenue from 
present terminus of the mains to south. 
Twi:> fire hydrants will be established on 

Humboldt. Neb. — Special water bond 
election has resulted in victory for 
bonds by large majority. Issue will be 
in sum of $12,000. This insures large 
springs north of city for water supply. 

Suncook, >. H. — Special meeting of 
town of P