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Full text of "Putnam's handbook of universal history; a series of chronological tables presenting, in parallel columns, a record of the more noteworthy events in the history of the world from the earliest times down to the present day, together with an alphabetical index of subjects;"

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J 




\ 



PUTNAM'S HANDBOOK 

OP 

UNIVERSAL HISTORY 



ASEKIBSOFCHSONOLOGICALTABLBS PRESENTING, IN PARALLEL 

COLUlfNS, A RECORD OF THE MORE NOTEWORTHY EVENTS 

IN THE HISTORY OF THE WORLD FROM THB EARUEST 

TIMES DOWN TO THE PRESENT DAY, TOGETHER 

WITH AN ALPHABETICAL INDEX OF SUBJECTS 



COMPILED BT 

GEORGE PALMER PUTNAM, A.M. 



AND CONTINUED TO DATE UNDER THE EDITORIAL SUPERVISION OF 

GEORGE HAVEN PUTNAM 



With Hhtoricmt Chmet, Maps, aad Geaeahgkal Tablet 



G. P. PUTNAM'S SONS 

NBW YORK AND LONDON 

Vbe fttilcbetbochet Ctess 



Cartaiawt. iIbd, i(i 



llada in tba Uaiud Buui of Amarica 



^ 
^ 



PUBLISHERS' NOTE 

In 1833, the late George P. Putnam published, under the 
title of Tke World's Progress, a cyclopaedia of facts and events 
that had been compiled by himself, and that bad originated in 
notes taken as a guide for his own historical reading. The 
work was reprinted in successive editions during the ensuing 
forty years (that is to say up to the year of the author's death) 
and the entries were added to and expanded until the 300 
p^ies of the original issue had developed into a portly volume 
of 1200 pages. A demand continuing through more than a 
third of a century may be accepted as evidence that the plan 
of The World's Progress and the material presented in it had 
been found of service by students of history and by readers 
generally. The cyclopedia portion of the compilation came, 
necessarily, to be superseded by works of reference of later 
origin, and The World's Progress was, therefore, allowed to go 
out of print. There continued, however, to be demand for 
the historical tables, the plan of which was original with Mr. 
Putnam, and since 1870 this division of the work has been 
issued with material corrections and additions in successive 
editions compiled under the editorial supervision of the son of 
the original editor. 

In the edition now presented, while the scheme and arrange- 
ment of the original editor has been left unchanged, the entries 
have been carefully revised and in part rewritten, and the 
record has been brought down to date. The editors of this 
new edition have found it desirable to include a comprehensive 
alphabetical index of subjects, by means of which can be 
located promptly any event referred to in the body of the book. 



IT TXmUSBEta NOTE 

The edition also includes a number of tables presenting the 
genealogies of the more important of the historic families of 
Europe, genealogies which make dear their family and dynas- 
tic relations to each other. 

Under the scheme devised by Mr. Putnam (a scheme which 
made his volume practically unique), tWe events occurring 
throughout the world at the same period of time are recorded 
in parallel cdmnns. This arrangement calls in the powerful 
assistance of visual association by showing at a glance simul- 
taneous occurrences in different countries, which enables the 
memory to grasp and to retain a hold of the dates and the 
relations with each other of important events. It also helps 
to emphasize the lesson that the history of any one nation is 
only a part of the history of the world, and that the proper way 
to study history is to trace the relations with each other of the 
peoples scattered over the face o£ the globe. 

As the wiser historians and instructors do not fail to empha- 
size, the precise date of an event is in itself a detail of minor 
importance, which has value chiefly in serving to trace its 
relations to other events and in undertaking the influence of 
one upon the other. The reader, for instance, who learns 
that in 1492, under the patronage of Queen Isabella of Spain, 
Columbus accomplished his historic voyage to the Western 
Hemisphere, may properly be interested in noting, by carrying 
his eye across the columns of two pages, what rulers were at 
that time in control of other European States, some one of 
whom might possibly have secured for his own realm the 
prestige of the great discovery. In like manner, it is essential 
for a right understanding of the Protestant Reformation of 
the sixteenth century, for the thoughtful reader to keep before 
him the personalities of the monarchs and of other leaders of 
men who were contemporary with Luther, with Leo X, and 
with the Emperor Charles V. 

These Tabular Views, while invaluable in the practical worl 
of historical instruction, will be found extremely useful by t* 
general reader. The writer of these lines has for many yt 



PUBUESEKS NOTE T 

kept the volume at his elbow as an indispensable reference 
in connection either with reading or with writing. The work 
was designed particularly for the many who appreciate the 
importance of having trustworthy historical information 
conveniently at hand but who have not within reach compre- 
hensive histories or the time to go through these for the facts 
desired. 

It has been the intention of the editor in the several instances 
in which events and dates have become a matter of con- 
troversy, to follow the authorities most generally accepted. 
It may easily, however, be the case that an occasional date or 
statement has been retained which some scholarly reader may 
find ground to question; such a critic can only be referred back 
to the latest investigators for the authoritative decision that 
seems to hijn to be important and that it is not practicable to 
attempt in a condensed summary of the world's history such 
as is presented in the present volume. The study of history 
and the intelligent reading of history should be, as stated, a 
study of the relations of events to each other made with the 
view of securing as far as practicable an understanding of the 
causation of these events and of the influence exercised upon 
them by historic characters, by the leaders of men. This 
is the inftmnation which the publishers are undertaking to 
present to the pubhc, on both sides of the Atlantic, in The 
Handbook of Unwersal History. 

G. H. P. 



EDITOR'S NOTE TO THIS EDITION 

In the edition of the Handbook of History, issued in 1916, 
the hishmcal record was brought down to the close of Decem- 
ber, 1915. The volume presented, therefore, the more impor- 
tant of the happenings which marked the beginnini^ of tKe *«<:«*& 



VI EDITORS NOTE 

war, and recorded the events, political and military, of the first 
eighteen months of the stru^le. The war has been brought to 
a close with the complete triumph of the Allies, and it is fitting 
that the chronicle of this great victory should be fully presented 
in a new edition of the Handbook. This summary has now been 
brought down to the close of the Peace Conference at Paris. 

The historians will probably agree that no war in history 
has produced such momentous and far-reaching results, for 
the status of the nations and for the interests of the pec^les 
of the world, as have been brought by this war of 1914-1919. 
These results include not only the overthrow of the Prussian, 
Austrian, and the Russian Empires, but the repudiation, prob- 
ably for all time, of the theories of government by divine right. 
Czars, Kaisers, and Kings have been swept away to be replaced 
by governments which will be directly representative of the 
popular will. 

We are at the b^iinning of a new era in the history of man- 
kind; in the development of organized society. Every date 
in the past four crowded years marks a step in human progress 
and a survey of the entries in the columns of our Tabular 
Views brings to the student, as if through a moving picture, 
a panorama of the stately march of events, a march which 
now appears to foretend the realization of the views of Tenny- 
son in 1875: 

When I dipt into the future far as human eye could see. 
Saw the vision of the world and all the wonder that would be ; 



Till the war-drum throbb'd no longer, and the battle-flags 

were furl'd 
In the Parliament Of man, the Federation of the world. 



New York, June, 1919. 



Sketch Map of the Rouan Empire in the Time of 

Trajan, A.D. 98-117 52 

Sketch Map of Europe, 476 A.D. . . -64 

SscETcii Map of Europe, 8o3 A.D. ... 76 

Sketch Map of Europe, 1200 A.D. . . . 100 

Sketch Map of Europe, 1429 A.D. . . . 120 

Sketch Map of Europe, 1648 A.D. . . . 150 

Sketch Map op Europe, 1815 A.D. . .184 

Sketch Map of Europe, 1876 A.D. . . . 240 

Sketch Map op Europe, 1914 A.D. . . . 364 

HisTORiCAi, Chart At End 



CONTENTS 

Amobnt Histoky ....',•. 3 

Medieval History 64. 

Modern Histoky tao 

Genbalogical Tables ?f^ 

' HiSTOBiCAL Imxx 471 

Supplementary Index ...... 505 




TABULAR VIEWS 



, PbOOBBUOF SOCIKTT.VT 



■ppev in the U«po- 

'-n nunon. indk»t- 

_^ ja antiqiutjr foi 
Bi3>ykiaiui civQiwtioo 

back apiniiximately t 
he Bshth or niatl 
niilemnuoi 



«W0 <atMU). Tile rale of 
pn-dymutic IdnsiwIioM 
tombi at Abydoa nvsal 

civiluation (De MorflVk, 
Aatt lineau. Flinden- Pe- 



withia tlw Kope of bia- 



4M0 (obDHfl. Stnwie 
and uiibbui. in 1 



caatt and BUm. 



N) rbe Gnat Fyninid ai 



aocn (otoW). Tbakinsiof 
Ur exleid thetT^- - 
over Akkad and 



(abou.,. , 

f Juabian and Elam- 






3400 (oixHiO. Babylon Bnt 

X^^SoMeM). tOaaa- 
mimbi. ralar erf Baby- 
lon, uniw* Babylonu 
under hii away and r- 
actoacodsof UWL 



4400 (abemit. ■ Hcdm. On 
'nt ktas of muted 
'typt (Bragach; Budge, 



3783, Relsa of Khufn 
(Ch«j»), pyramid 
builder. 



(CbephiBn). pyiBinid 

SU3. EtHgn of Uenkaura 
(llycerinu«), pyramid 






Fayyum by diking oH 
Lake Uoctit, and build • 
tbe celebiatbi La- . - 



OF UNIVERSAL HISTORY. 



, Piooun OF SociBTT.r 



( 4000. Babylooiui Ian- 



f&ctiuc* lusely in t^ 



IWC Tba Tall-el-Ain>niB Lat- 
ten nvMl tha cloae con- 
tiai betwem Bgrp- 

1 uid Babrl—'— 

dviliiatioa. and 

the latter '*"g— l — 

hava bean th e comnion 

and di[donHKy in tha 



M mSe poani at Pentavi 
calaMataa tha eijikiiU 
tJ Raraaaei IL in Aaia. 
— Bractian of the Ka- 
meannm and tha te 
at Laxor On pait>. 






IWq-imO. Heisbtott 

Hlnor and Syria. 



lS0O<abMi<), Shalmaneaar 
L raigaa in Aj(vnB,wICh 
Calah ai Uie capital. 
tSO. The Rianiclaniai 
pear •* • race of coh 

Mtabfful). The Kaa. 
itei expelled from Baby- 
1100 <atHf^. TVlathpil- 



Babylonia, Blam, and in 
Syria. 
Tyn rlaea to primacy 



SSEJ^" 



teOO. 5^Man^ JUtihepeet 



part o( Aaia U 

1480: Araanbo' 
(AnenopUa) attempt* 

of tba aun for the old m- 
li«ion tt tha unuiUy 



1333. Sanieae* IL caiil* 
oa var wainn the Hit 
titea; gnatcat of my* 
ntoniunaDt boildan. 




TABULAR VIEWS 



--:. 


PROORBUOrSoClSTT.BTC 


Tb* J*«(. 


Wmt»h Mil. 






13TO(a6<wO. Tlu Bsodui 




1100 


■^s^-^ 


lOfiB' (loeo*). Saul be- 












IdboHt) Tha temple of 
»idof Phomidui wortt- 






980 


'"S?H.ISrtS"' 


coniH Idas In Im<L 


UQS»at»>. 

BBS. AccadoB of Aahu. 
Datinw],wbowa«e>>uc. 

north and the eut ud 

ulvancei to tbe Medi- 








880 


'•BiuJ^sSsr 







I Duncker. HislmyaS Aiititmty. *,J. 



aSra^i^^vSS^i 



OF UNIVERSAL HISTORY. 



Bsypt: niga of Usitatih- 
UiBb tbo tuppowd Plu- 
noh of tba Exodui.— 
Tbe country !• tnvadcd 
by pintc* Ennn 



(ShHhoDk ShUuk), 






JO the TUo- 

m. uid the Dlant- 

nsof DorUnuid " 



88D. The aae □( Lycorctu, 



TBI World Buiwhub. 



hundred yeui. 



TABULAR VIEWS 



873 BC- 



..c. 


PsooMasorSociirr.iTC 


TH1 J.W.. 


_...,.. 








B6O. AcsoDon of Shal- 






"Si.SS'l'ii.L""'' " 








'iri.i?""I»l?L'tniL'" 








"tysajTi.ffir 








"s^nrEii-s 




7*7 


Canon of Ptolemy. 




746 Accejnon o( TiglaU.. 
pOevr III. (rf AMy.na, 

ChaMaa. Syri^ anTtha 






728 ■ (727.' 720 •). Hbi» 
Idah auccecda in Judah, 


727. Accevion of Shal- 








under Sargon II. 

70fi. Acoeidon ol Sen. 
nacbenb. wba malm 
hit capital at Nineveh. 


JOC 


(otDM). In OiHCC lyric 
poewy flouriihei: Sal- 

nacherib : it becoowa tbe 







' Dunclcer. Huiaryat AntviHly. "J. Oppert. "Oironolojy" in the JtmikEiieyda' 
^miia. ■Xari Uarti, "Chmnolosj'" in nwrw'aB'KIEfa^dia fiiUica. 



OF UNIVERSAL HISTORY. 



Obiicb and Rokb. Tm WcttLD Blmi 



TTB. Tlu Knt Otym^ad. 
Kceptal itartioc nnnt 
lor tha period of >u- 
tbeotic hutor]'. 

70, Sinope on the Bbck 

Sea fouodtd. 
S3 (TM). Ponndktion of 



734. Poundktion □( Syia- 




TABULAR VIEWS 



693 B.C.- 



B.C. 


P.oo«„.or8oc.„r.«c. 


Th.J.w^ 


W»T.^Au^ 








»t^sr^;U^- 








068. Anyrian Empire dl- 

bamipal rul« in Aayru; 
Bab/looia. 








(Mlj^yrUn En,pJ« ^ 








n^ «-- «^ ^ 








dyoMly. 






«2i.^^!2S?~<^'o 






11. o( Egypt ■tUmpU to 
cann«t the Nile and the 
Red Sea by k cuul; hi] 

Africa. 




006 (607). NlDCTeh da. 
itroyed by NabopoU 

005. Nebuchadreuar II, 
king Qf B«byUraiai \m 


6O0 


Thais* fart of loniu 







> Dunclur. HuloTvaf Anli^ita 



OF UNIVERSAL HISTORY. 



Tkturka (Tirtuikk) en- 
ngei^ in conAict with 



(SM). PsBinmitichtu 
liberate* Egypt £ro 
tho Anyriuii uid unit 
tlu caiintry under t 



NaocnlJi foandsd. 



6BS. Outbruk of Second 



(813>. NecholI.-.lDvadei 
Syria and defeat* Jouah. 
kinff of Judah, «t Me- 
siddo (AW). 



Tub Would EiAawasRS. 



eOO. Poundatian of By- fi 



62A. Periander, tynnt oi 



620. (niEFNfl. Traditiona: 
leffialation of Draco ir 



kado of Japui. leader 



TABULAR VIEWS 



B... 


PioaaiBi or Society, etc. 


The Jews. 




SM 


Solon noMd aa a writer o 
political elrgiel and gno 


M7' (608 •!, Finl takiiiE 

686 '■ • (887 ■). Final d«. 
•traction of Jeraul™ 
by NebuchadiEiMf 11. 
and end of kingdom of 


^0Sm 


680 






873, Tyre taken by 
chadn^uar alter i 


870 


[aioHO. First comedy 




"JiiSS:^'- 


B60 


(oioHif). Birth of Gau 




Baby ton. 














Babylon. 



■ Dunckcr, Hislo-yof Anliquily. 'J. Oppert. "ClironoloBV" in th, Jewish Ei 






55S B.C. 



OF UNIVERSAL HISTORY. 



II 



B.C. 



Aprica. 



Grbbcb. 



ROMB, BTC. 



588 



(501}. Apries (Hophra) 
joint with the king ox 

. judah BjEainst Nebuch> 
adresiar. but he does 
not succeed in prevent- 
ing the destnaction of 
Jc 



504. Legislation of Solon 
in Athens. 



570 



570 



685. Death of Per mder, 
tyrant of Corinth. 

584. Corinth overthrows 
tyranny of the CyiMel 
iofls. 



(572). Amasis II. over- 
throws Ax>ries. 

-580 iaboui). Amasis es- 
tablishes close connec- 
tion between Orecce and 
Egypt, and grants the 
Greeks livin/{ in Egypt 
extensive privileges. 

Egypt invaded by Nebu- 
oiadretsar. 



578. Servius TuUius, king 
of Rome (legendary). 
To him is ascribed the 
intrcxluction of the cen- 
sus and the division of 
the citiiens into cen« 
turies. 



500. Pisistratus. tyrant of 
Athens. 



TABULAR VIEWS 



».c. 


f.o„....,Soc,„,.^ 


T.. J.... 


WaSTiiiN Asia. 


550 


lalxml). Thespia perfomia 

Athens, uraditional 
Pythagoraa. hii travela 
and emiiiratioil to Um- 






630 


lection of Greek authors. 




546. Saidii taken by Cr- 
nis.— Crceiua made pn». 
oner. — Thb Lvdiah 

KiNGDOU BNDaD. 






S3S. BdiFt of Cynia for 
the Rbturh of the 

''"j^ua ZerubbabeL 


838. BABYLON TAKEN 

529, CambywB, king of 
Persia. 

525 (5271. Cambyses in- 
vade* Egypt. 


S20 


poets. 


sm (61B). Rebuilding ol 


"liJ13-P.„£~«"' 


... 


Conrucius. the ChiiieM 


516 (815). Dedication o( 
the aecoad temple. 




• 10 


'•^^.a. I'^^S'ent ^SS 








li!:" t RoSe" "" 




MS 


HervcliEus of Epheius and 




SOS. (oft«fl.Dariu.leBd«« 

ih*tSI™riS 

Thra« in the following 
years. 


500 


(ahoM). The Carthagin- 
ians make voviwea nf 
expkiralion and coloni- 
lation down the weateni 
coatt of Africa. 




500. The I^aiu revolt 
from Perwa and bum 
Sardia <499). 



OF UNIVERSAL HISTORY. 



S48, Temple of Apollo a( 
Delphi burnt. 

IM. The Sp»rt»n« over 

Ttu Greeks in ^U Ul 
nor an subjected by tlu 



1, SM. T«raiui 

kins of B 



Juperbut. 



Paammellchuj III,, —^ 
Idog of Egypt. — Iov»- 
•ion of Cambyset. 

defeaU the Bgyptiai 

PeJuiium. and talcei 

■f -.PsasiAii 



627. Piiittratiu diet. 



ai4., Hipparcho*. ko of 



tabUihad at Atheaa. 



eiO IMS). The Tarquiai 
expelled from Rome. 

Brutus and Collatihu^ 
SnC Consuls of Rome. 

«M. War a« 



<ab(»a). Voyftpl Hanno 51 



TABULAR VIEWS 



Beginning of historical 



Ptarynichtu fichvlai. 
Pifldw.Bad Baccbyiidea. 
druoatic and lyric poeti. 



Hiitory o( Hsrodotuj endi. 






180, Xenuct. Idas of Per- 



4S1. The ezpeditiot) of 



478. Death of Contudiu, 

7-Chin» diitMKted bj 



4M. Penlani defeated by 



OF UNIVERSAL HISTORY. 



Hamilcar Buca invulci 4 

"■ ■ - 'e hud nl ■ 

y Gelo in b«ttk 

ol Kimerk, and ibio. 



Siciljr U the h 



4H. Uiletiu nduo 
the Pervuu. 



4B0. toTanoD of the Pei 
ii«ni under Datii and 

Batlto"rf MARA- 
THON. 
480. UiltiulM di«nced. 



4S3. Ariitidei buiUhed. 

I. Bftttb of Thennopi 
'Athens burnt b 



47S-1T7. Athena nbuitt 
—The Piiau* fortified- 

«77-449. The cunpaiani 
of Cunon, Km of Milti- 



ROMB AND ItALT. 



4Se. Wctoi7 ot Lake Re- 

gillui suaed over the 
tatini with the aid of 
Castor and PoUux, 
04 (493). The leceHion ot 



80. Spunui Castiut 

arouiet the bonility of 
the Patriciani by hii 



4B0, TheCarthaginianid 
' ~.ed bv, Gelo at h 



477 labiml). The legendary 
war aaainit Veii and the 
faU of the FabiL 

471. The PabKUan Lawa 
election of the 



:. Pnooiins or SociBT 



TABULAR VIEWS 



■ <3M'). Em goc* 1 



4S8 B.C.- 



ordar of tnbitectun. 



u. and Empedoclu, 
.□50ph«nj PhidiaA, 
5ne3t sculptor ol aa- 
lity; Euripida, Cra- 
Bic poet; CratM «nd 

Herodotus, Ittbct o( 
Gmk hiitory; Polygno- 



2 (433). Meton tKiiiB 

Thucydidei, hiitoii*!]. 



Death of Socrata. 



445. Walli of Jeruuln 
built by Nehcmlah. 



425. XerxM n., Idne of 



421 B.C. 



OF UNIVERSAL HISTORY, 



17 




Grbbcb. 



ROMB, BTC. 



4M 



Grwks in Egypt defeated 
by Megabyzua. 



458. War between Athens 

and Corinth. 
456. Cixnon recalled. 

Completion of the 

Long Walls of Athens. 
454. Achaia joins the 

Athenian alliance. 



449. Renewal of war 
against Persianawho are 
defeated at fialamis in 
Cyprus. 



447. Athenians 
at Coroneia 
Boeotians. 



defeated 
by the 



440. Pericles takes Samoc. 



437. Amphipolis in the 
Thracian Chersonesiu 
founded by Athenians. 

435. Corinth at war with 
Copcyra. 

432. Revolt of Potidsa 
from the Athenian con- 
federacy. 



431. The Peloponnesian 

War. 

Invasion of Attica. 
430. The Plague at Athens. 
429. Pericles diea after 

enjoying power for more 

than 30 years. 



424. Exile of Thucydides. 
Brasidas invades 

Thrace with a Spartan 

force. 
421. Peace of Nidas be 

tween Athens and 

Sparta. 



458. Cincinnatus, Dictator. 



451. The Decemvirs and 
the laws of the i a tablea 
The legend of Vir* 
ginia. 



449. OoflBstorBhlp estab- 
lished. 



445. Lex Canuleia permits 
intermarriage between 
Patricians and Ple- 
beians. 



444. Military Tribunes and 
office of Censor insti- 
tuted. 

439. SpuriusMselius killed 
because suspected of 
xoyal ambitiooa. 



431. The JRqvAtMB and 
Volscians defeated at 
Motmt iEgidus. 



426. PidftiA revolts, 
taken and destroyed. 



I8 



TABULAR VIEWS 



420 B.C.- 



B.c. IProgrbss of Socibty,btc. 



Asia. 



420 



416 



411 



405 



Hippocrates, of Cos, the 
father of medicine. 

Democritus. the laughisff 
philosopher. 

Aristophanes, prince of 
Ancient Comedy. 



Thucvdides* historv ends 
and Xenophon's begins. 



PlatOb ooooicpoet 



890 



Prom Socrates proceed the 
great schools of Greek 
philosophy, the Megaric 
school founded by Eu- 
clid, the Cynic by Antis- 
thenes, the Cyrenaic 
(Hedonistic or Epicu- 
rean) by Aristippus, 
and the Academic by 
Plato. 



The influence of Plato, the 
great philosopher, at its 
height. 

The historians Xenophon, 
Ktesias of Knidus, and 
PhiUsttts of Syracuse. 



408. Medes make an un- 
successful attempt to 
throw off Persian yoke. 



405. Persians driven out 
of Africa for a time. 



404. Artaxerxes II. (Mne- 
mon), king of Persia. 



401. Cyrus the younger 
defeated at Cunaxa; re- 
treat of the 10,000 imder 
Xenophon. 

390. Outbreak of war 
between Persia and 
Sparta. 



306. Agesilaus invades 
Asia Minor and rei>eat- 
edly defeats the Persians. 



390 B.C. 



OF UNIVERSAL HISTORY. 



19 



.c. 



Africa. 



Grbbcb. 



ROMB, BTC. 



414 



410 



Amyrt«ua, Idns of Egypt, 
■hakes off tEe yoke of 
Penia. 



The Carthagiiiians invade 
Sicily.^ 



420. Alcibiades effects a 
treaty between the 
Athenians and Argives. 



415. Athenians invade 
Sicily and besiege Syra- 
cuse. 



413. The army in Sicily 

destroyed. 

Axx^]aus» king of 

Macedon. 
411. Athens governed by 

the 400. 

Alcibiades at the 

oottrt of Tissaphemes. 
410. Alcibiades defeats 

the Spartans at Cyzicus. 



408. Capture of Bysan- 
tium by Athenians. 



405. Lysander defeats the 
Athenians at iGgospota- 
mi; 404. takes Athens, 
and establishes the 30 
tyrants. 

End of the Pelopon- 
nesian War. 



403. Thrasybulus expels 
the 30 tyrants. 



899. Death of Socrates. 



Accession of Akhori% who 
etiga^es in war against 
Persia as an ally of 
Agesilaus of Sparta: he 
afio aids Bvagoras of 
Cypnit. 



896. Agesilaus invades 

Asia. 
395. War between SparU 

and Thebes. 
894. Battle of Coronea. 



420. The Campanians 
make themselves mas- 
ters of the Gieek city of 
CuniB. 



409. Plebeians first hold 
the qtuestorship. 



406. Beginning of a ten 
years' war against Veii; 
imy for the first tima 
given to soldiers. 



396. Cam iLLUS takes Vdi, 
after a siege of ten years. 



890. The Roman armr 
overwhelmed on the A(> 
lia and Rome taken and 
burnt by the Oau]a« 



TABULAR VIEWS 



■s. and' Alexiii 



Middle Comrdv; 






387 B.C.- 



387. The Greek citie* of 
AsU tributary to Penik 
by the peace of AnttO- 



383. BITHYNIAbi 



recogniied by Persia oa 
iovefeign in reium for 
the payment of tribute. 



300. CAPPADOCIA 
comeH a kingdom uE 
Araraihp. I. 



3Se. Artaboiiu. utrap ii 



556 B.C. 



OF UNIVERSAL HISTORY, 



21 



I.e. 



Africa. 



Grbbcb. 



Roif B AND Italy. 



878 



161 



Nectanebus I. repels i 
Persian army command 
ed bjr Phamabasus 
which invaded Egypt 
and took Pelustum. 



882. Thebes taken by the 
Spartans tinder Phcebi- 
das. 

379. Thebes delivered by 
Pek)pidas and Epamx- 

NONDAS. 



376. Spartan fleet de- 
feated at Naxos by the 
Athenians. 



371. Battle of Leuctra; 
Spartans defeated by 
Thebans under Epami- 
nondas. 

Predominance of 
Thebes. 



364. Pelopidas killed in 

battle. 
362. Battle of Mantinea, 

death of Epaminondas. 



Tacbos. king of Egypt. 
Agesilaua, the Spartan, 
aids the Egyptians in 
their revolt against Per- 



857. PhiUp II. of Mace- 
don takes Amphipolis. 
886. Philip conquers 
Thrace and Illyria. 

The Temple of Diana 
at Ephesus burnt. 

ALEXANDER "the 
Great" bom. 



384. M. Manlius Capito- 
linus accused of royal 
ambitions and thrown 
from the Tarpeian rock. 



376. Beginning of the ten 

ran' struggle over the 
i c i n i a n Rotations: 
Plebs prevent election of 
curule magistrates. 
371. Curule magistrates 
appointed. 



367; The Licinian Ro^m^ 
tions passed, providing 
for, afl[rarian relief and 
assigning one consul to 
the Plebeians. 



361. Renewed invasion of 
the Gauls. 



I 



356. Dionvsius the yotmgi> 
er expelled from Syra- 
cuse. 

Pirst Plebeian dio> 
tator at Rome. 



TABULAR VIEWS 



^, pRQoHBia or Socu': 



3l Alexaiidn the Great, 



340 (340). ArtueniH I 
pcnon BchievB ttw n 
conqueM of Bsvpt. 



33S. Auurinatic 
Uuiente* and 



e PyrsotalB pnrtlMa t 
Mt of ttone-tognvi 



334. Battle of tbaGnm- 



333. Jeniaalera aubmiti tc 
AlsxasdCT the Gceat. 






Apella. the painter: 



331. Battle of Arbela.— 
The Penian anoy to- 
tally defeated. 

330-33S. CONQUBST of 
<he PERSIAN BM. 
PIRB. 



327 B.C 



OF UNIVERSAL HISTORY. 



23 



.c. 



Africa. 



GRBBCB — BiACBDON. 



ROMB, BTC. 



840 



The CartliBflinian* de* 
feated by Timoleon on 
the Crimesus in Sicily. 

Artaxences III. invades 
Egypt with an immense 
army, overruns the 
coxmtry and plunders 
the temples; Egypt is 
once more a province of 
Persia. 



332 



Egypt conquered by Alex- 
ander. 



355. The ad Sacred War. 



352. Philip II. takes the 
Athenian oort of Me- 
thone in Macedonia. 

The Phocians defeated by 
Philip at Pagasa in 
Tbessaly. 

348. Philip takes Olyn- 

thus. 
346. Philip admitted to 

the Amphictyonic Coun 

cil. 



341. Philip makes war 

upon Athens. 
340. — lays siege to Byzan- 

titun. 



353. Dion put to death, 
and Syracuse ruled by 
tyrants. 



351. First Plebeian censor. 



338. Philip defeats the 
Greeks at Chsronea. 



336. Philip is mtirdered by 
Pausanias. 

ALEXANDER III., 
sumamed the Great. — 
He pacifies Greece, de 
strovs Thebea sparing 
the house of Pindar. 

335. — is chosen generalis- 
simo of Greece against 
Persia. 

334. — invades Persia, and 
after several great bat- 
tles (see "Asia") sub- 
dues the Persian empire 
and Egypt, and marches 
into India. 



330. Spartans under Agis 
defeated by Antipater 
of Macedon. 



343-341. The first Sam- 
nite War. 



340. The Latins defeated 
at Mount Vesuvius and 
reduced to virtual sub- 
jection by Rome. 



337. First Plebeian x>netor. 



332. Treaty between Romo 
and Alexander of Epirua. 



TABULAR VIEWS 



326 B.C.- 



onen into B| 
Oniul. 



CUudiu* Cbcus. 



Appiwl Way. 



Mu*auin and Libnry ■ 
Alexuldrim bcluD UDd« 
Ploleinx Sotec. 



[nd» founded by C 



315. Format ion of a lei 
uiinat Antiuonus 



312, SYRIA ruled by Be- 



En of Uie Seleadda. 



OF UNIVERSAL HISTORY, 



^i:i 



Ptokmr ntkbliihei h 
power io Cyrent- 

i«»thoglet i* defeated t 
the Cuthm^nians i 
TuoM in Afnck. 

SOS. AntigoDiu invsdi 
Bmrpt. but mwU «ii 



>f 321. The Smmnltn defeat 



PQll'«perchon eui 
DcL^rai liberty' to tt 



907. Demetriui Phulerrui 
wiled fmmAtheni by 
netriiu Paliorcetct, 



I. P&blut Maxifniu de 
emti the Etruri«ni »l 



307. Tha CuthMbiluia 
defeat Aguhoclei, and 
bcawse SyracuM. 



TABULAR VIEWS 



... 


Paoaassaor Soawn.Mrc. 


Tbb Jiws. 


All*. 


300 


celebrated m«iheni«ti- 

rhrr.^'?,"^^?; 
o%^V;^;«^n™* 


-y^-.." 


■s. 


SOI BatUeoflpni*.— Aa- 

'^uuei!rcl».S^?: 

aimachua. 
biiildins of An^^ 




The lint lun-dial tnet»i 
■t Rome by Prnpiriu* 
Cunor. and the time 
firat divided into houia. 








286 
285 


Thencritua, the father of 
pastoral poetry; Bnn. 






koDpthJin priioner. 


284 


besun at Alexandria, by 
order of Ptolemy Phila- 








283 


The fha™ built at Ale., 
andria. the most famous 
of lishthousea. 








280 


(atow). PhilebETua. of 
Pefgamus. patron of the 

Al«^ria. the rewrt at 

the learned, and centre 

of trade. 
The CokMus of Rhodes. 

the work of Chares of 

Lindus, erected. 

mad chrvaologiit. 






281. Lyaimachus defeftted 
and killed by Seleucus in 
thebattleofkorupedion. 
—The kingdom of PER- 
OAMOS '^founded by 

280. ^tiochiia I, cucceedl 
Seleucui. 



OF UNIVERSAL HISTORY. 



304. Dmwtriiu isitea t 
t h rcale of Uaccdoa. 



387. Atbeoa nrolM from 



a Ptolemr Sotcr pnctiolly 

cccded by his ion. 
Ptolemy II. PhiUdcI- 



3 Dulh of Ptobmy SoUr. 



381. Tbe Achsan LeKgui 

Lytiiiucbui defeated and 
lUin by Selem 
batik ' " 



380. IrruDtioQ of th 
tmy Ceiaunu* ili 



98. Outbreak of t 
Samnitc War: Sami 
defeated at Boviuii 



E86. I4w of Horteniiuii 
by which the decreri i^ 
the Plebs an made abw>. 
lota in the tut*. Th* 
md of the long itruggla 



282. Outbreak of hoitili- 
tiei between Rome anil 
Taienium : the latter 
■eeki the aid of Pyrrbui, 
king of Epirui. 
81. Fyrrhiu land* in It- 
aly. 



TABULAR VIEWS 



Pbogriss or Society 



The Pirun Chronki 
GlAdJ^ton lint exl 



270 iabotit). A»ok», de- 
•«ncl>nt of Chondra- 

Gpta, reign« in Uogsd- 
; h> 19 ■ friend at 
Buddhism. 



Kingdom of PAR- 
LIA founded by Acsa- 
.. The Tain dynasty in 



OF UNIVERSAL HISTORY. 



279. Irruption of tfc 



2T«. Pyrrbui invuks Kft- 



friendly rel&tions vith 
the Senate; flmintnule 

between Bsypt and 

fun Che CarthiKinikni 
■id agunit th« Ronuuig. 



4 Outbruk of the first « 



Xanthippni, 



bivude* Afrii 
I defeated _. 



d 278. Pyrrhui iavadei Sio- 



3Tfi. Pyrrhus defes 
BeneveDtuRL uid 
luly. 



72. PyiThiu beiiegH 
Spans and Argoi — ii 
(lain, and Antisoniu ii 



Z72. Pall of Tarentun 



. Pan of Rbesium. 



II taken by An. 
to Maccdon. 






SyracuK at Meuana 



^B 255. The Lacednnoniant 
aui«t Cmrthave.— Xan- 
thi ppuK def eati Re^ulua, 
ana takei bim priaonv-- 



TABULAR VIEWS 



3H The Akxandrian Khol- 
an uid poct^ Aimtui. 



celebiated Bcometcr taa 



ass. AmcM II. (TlridatM 
" mccssdi to th* 

ma u> Partbift. 



3M. Antiochiu II. Thu* 
•"■■sd b7 hU wife: nic- 
led bj hi* Kin Stleu- 
II. C^kininu. 

345. War bnaki out b«. 
tmax Sslninu II. ud 
Ptolemr Euersetct. ia 
which tiu latter for a 



241. Attalui L, king cf 



2BT. Seliucoi defeated b)r 



OF UNIVERSAL HISTORY. 



1 Ueuai 



kt I^noniitH 



7 Hunilcar Bun takei 

amand of C»rth«ain- 

(orcu in Sidly.- 

— .miion of Ptolemy 

III. Euergctcs in Egypt. 

6 PtolemyBiMiBBtMnibdaci 

Syii». ^ 



. Wu with the Uer 



S Hajniloi begint ntabliiii- 
*er in Spun. 

9 CvthuBm in Sp*ln, 
foanoadby Hudmbkl. 



'ttr-suJ' 



SI. Pinapenty of AchBui 
Letgue under Aratui. 
wbo libei«t« Sicyon 



243. Coriatb talcen 

S41. Agia IV.. idaa of 
SpartA, put to dcAth for 
»ttcmptiiig to eitabliih 

introduce the Lyeuifan 



uid Cc^ntfa. 
Ze. CleomcDei, king of 

^rtk, defcBti tbr 

U. Clcom^i n^itab 
liibei the connitutioi 
of Lycurgm &t Sp&rtA, 

t*. Cleonunei conquer 
Ainpi uid ia joined b; 



the C»rtl_ __ 

the jCmtiui leUnde.' — 
End Di the fint Punic 

tuquuition Racily, the 
fint Roman province. 



TABULAR VIEWS 



..=. 




Th« Jawa. 


Am*. 


320 


Plautua, RoDan comic 

The Alexandrian giain- 
mariani and editon. 

phanM. 




miater in the battle of 

216.'^^^ UI., kins of 
Parthia. ^ 

213. Antiochui defeats the 

Panhians and takea 
their capital, Uecatom- 
pyloa. 


aio 


'•«g;£~'°*- 






SOI 


Bmilns. Roman poat. 


"SnSwffl'SS.*' 


laitsDntil22l a.o, and 
fomu one of the mott 


200 


lloachua. bucolic poet. 










1S8. The Jevn aidit AntI 
ochua in eipeUina Sco- 
paa and the Egyptian 


EioTlians UJi-jer Scopaa 
nitely" comes under tha 

,.?'&s;i...».o, 

ISa. A«acei IV., Idoe at 



I9S B.C. 



OF UNIVERSAL HISTORY. 



33 



I.e. 



Africa. 



Grbbcb. 



ROMB, BTC. 



921 



213? 



Beffinninff of conquests of 
JHannibal in Spain. 



War betrreen Egypt and 
Syria resulting in the 
loss of Palestine by the 
Ptolemies. 



200 



205 



203 



202 



Rebellion of the Egyptian 
peasantry against the 
Macedonian oppression. 



Ptolemy V. associated in 
the crown. 



196 



Ptolemy V. Epiphanes, 
king of Egypt. 



Scipio Africanus besiesres 
Utica and bums the 
camps of Hasdrubal and 
SyphSLX. 

Hannibal recalled from 
Italv. 

Hannibal defeated at Za- 
ma. — End of the 2d 
Punic War. 



Eg>*pt loses her Syrian poe- 



221. Cleomenes of Sparta 
defeated by Antigonus 
Doson at Sellasia. 

220. The Social War be- 
tween Arhaeans and 
iBtolians.— Philip V. of 
Macedonia assists the 
Achsans. 



215. Alliance of Phflip V. 
with Hannibal. 



211. The iStolians secure 
the alliance of Rome 
against the Achsans and 
the Macedonians. 

207. Battle of Mantinea: 
Philopoemen. the gen- 
end of the Achaean 
League, defeats the 
Spartans. 



219. Hannibal takes Sa- 
guntum and crosses the 
Alps 

218. The 2d Punic War.— 
The Romans defeated by 
Hannibal at the Ticino 
and the Trebbia. 

217. Flaminius over- 
whelmed at Trasi- 
mene. 

316. Romans at Canna 
totally defeated by Han- 
nibal. 

Pabius Maximus, Dic- 
tator. 

212. Syracuse taken by 
Marcellus. Archimedes 
killed. 

211. Capua taken by the 
Romans. 

209. Publius Sdpio takes 
New Carthage. 

207. Nero and Livy defeat 
Hasdrubal at tne Met- 
aurus.— Hasdlrubal killed. 

206. The Carthaginians de- 
feated in the battle of 
Ilipa and driven otit of 
Spain. 

204. Scipio carries the war 
into Afxica. 



200. Siege of Abydos by 
Philip V. of Macedonia; 
outbreak of war between 
Macedonia and Rome. 

198. The Achseans and 
Spartans join the Ro- 
mans against Macedonia 



197. PhUip V. defeated at 
CynoscephalsB by the 
Romans under Flamin- 
inus. 

196 Macedonian Greece 
declared free by th( 
Romans. 



202. Final victory over 
Carthage at Zama. 

200. Outbreak of war with 
Macedonia. 



197. Plamininusvictoriotti 
in Macedonia. 



e 
1195. Gate in Spain 



TABULAR VIEWS 



■J PHOOKBM of SOCIBTT, ■ 



1 ApoUoniiu of RhodB bssd 



Pld^rbitM, 



quat of 



1 PMkaoiilMn and ihetor- 



190. Sdc^ A^ticui ds- 
festa Antlocbut III. at 
UuHna and compel! 
him to cede aU of Asia 
Uinor excepting Cilicia: 
the conquered temtory 
ii allotted by Rome to 



W ADtiocbui 

1 uTja^uaalem asain pin 
derad by /--'—' •' 



167. MatUtbia* tba Hi 
--neaa, lead* an inn 
tion acalnat tb« Syr- 



W^^iS 



183. Pharnace* I., Idnc of 
Pontui, conqnen Sln- 



1. Antlocbua IV. Bpi* 



sr' 



coacmr* Bactiia| 



Id4. Antlochoa V. Bu- 
pator, Idng of Syria. 



Synana under Nil 
at Adaai. 

Pint treaty with tha 



king o£ Cappadocia. 



i6i B.a 



OF UNIVERSAL HISTORY. 



3S 



B.C. 


Africa. 


Grsbcb. Roub, btc. 


103 


ICasixiiMa. king of NumidU. 
harasses the Carthasin- 

commerce. 




101. Antiochus III. de- 
feated at Thermopyla. 

100. Antiochus III. is to- 
tally defeated by L. C 
Scipio at Magnesia. 


180 


Ponnidable insurrection in 
upper Egypt owing to 


180. The iBtolian League 
crushed by the Romans. 

188. Philopoemen abro- 
gates the laws of Lycur- 
gus in Sparta. 


185. Disgrace and volun- 
tary exile of Scipio Afri- 
canus. 

184. Cato, the elder, cen- 

,_sor. 

t83. Death of Scipio Afn- 
canus. 

181. Pseudo writings of 

Numa found in a stone 

coffin at Rome. 
170. Celtiberians in Spain 

subjugated by Tiberius 

Gracchus. 
176. Sardinians subdued 

by Gracchus. 


182 


Ptolemy VI., Philometor, 
king of Egypt. 


and killed by the Mes- 
semans 

170. Perseus, king of 
Macedonia. 


170 


-168. Joint reign of Phi- 
lometor and Physcon in 

Egypt. 


171. War between Mace- 
donia and Rome. 

168. Perseus defeated at 
Pjrdna, by Bmilius 
Paulus. 

167. Achsan hostages 
transported to Italy in 
large numbers. 


171. War against Maoe* 


les 


Ptolemy VI. is driven out 
by his brother but is 
restored by the Roman 
senate, Physcon being 







TABULAR VIEWS 



B.C. 


'■oqbissofSociett, btc. 


Thb J»w». 


Asia. 


160 


iabaui). Hipporcbui of 


ISO. Death of Judaillac- 

cabeui 


king of Poatna. 


ira 


The clepaydra or water 
clock introduc*! by 


to withdno. 




1G9 


Paeuviu^ Latin tragic 




throws Deoutrius Soter. 
and takes the throne. 


ISO 


Greek Kholan. editor of 




149, Priisiaill. ot.Bithy. 


14a 


The fall of Corinth and Oie 




146. Demetriu* II. Nie- 
ator. king of Syru. 


14S 


"'5rt ssssj; 


1«8 JonatbU H il^ by 








'"^^m 


140. Demetrius II. ia de- 
Uined in captivity for a 

137. Antiochui Vll. CSi- 
deles), king of Syria. 






135, John Hyrcanui. high 
print. 








'".JJXfvii"" " 





133 B.C. 



OF UNIVERSAL HISTORY. 



37 



B.C. 



Africa. 



Grkbcb. 



ROMB, BTC. 



157 



162 



Cato's embassy to Car- 
thage. 



155. Athenian embassy of 
Diogenes* Cameades. 
and Critolaus to Rome. 



Masinissa defeats the Car- 
thaginians. 



152. Andriscus attempts 
to raise Macedonia 
against Rome. 



147 



146 



155. War with the Lusi- 
tanians and 



Ptolemy VI. joins with 
Demetrius Nicator 
against Alexander Balas 
of Syria and is crowned 
king at Antioch. 

Carthage taken and de- 
stroyed. 

Ptolemy VII., Physcon. 
becomes sole king oi 
Egypt. 



148. He is defeated by 
Metellus and 



146. Macedonia becomes a 
Roman province. 

War between the Achaean 
League and Sparta and 
Rome; Corinth taken 
and destroyed by 
Mummixis. 



153. with the Celtiberians. 



151. Defeat of Galba in 
Spain by the Celtiber- 
ians. 

150. The Lusitanians 
crushed. 

149. Third Punic War 
b^ns. 

The Lex Calpumia 
seeks to restrain the mal- 
practice of provincial 
governors. 



146. Conquest of Carthage 
and of Corinth. 



Rohan Eupirb. 



In 1h€ East. 



133. Pergamus bequeath- 
ed to the Romans by 
Attains III. 



In Europe, 

143. Numantine War 
begins. 



140. Romans cause assas- 

sination of Viriathus. 

leader of the Lusitanians 

in Spam. 
139. Servile insurrection 

in Sicily. 



133. Numantaa destroyed 
by Sdpio. 

AcU and death of 



TABULAR VIEWS 



. Pboobh* oi Socian.iTC. 



a Lociiu Acdui, Inak poet. 



120. John Hyrckuu* b«- 

BB tkik « ddivarins 
dea fram the Syriui 



100. HrRUtm dMiniyi 



136. DoneBiiu ii c 

□anllcl r«i£iii 
indar II. (^' 

——, Aotiochu. 

Grypui (till 111). 



I3(K HIOiradBtM V. (VI.) 
gia Oaix, kiDs of 



lia. UithndAtM bBgiiu 
caiw of conquMt in the 
kiiudom of Boiporui 
(Crmiea). Leoer Ar- 
menu. Cidchn. aod put 
of Scythik to Iha Diim- 



]B. HjrrcaBQi mccMded 
by hu ion AriatoboluA, 
who fLnt unime -'- 
title ol Uiw. 

104. Atexander Jeoiueui 
•uc^edi to the throDB; 
ia > KM- usiiul Ptolemy 
VIII.. C^thynu. tb- 
exilcd ruler of Bgypt, h. 
ii uanted by Cleopatn, 
the refgninff queen, eDd 
eipeU Flolemy from 
Pdratine. 



OF UmVBRSAL HISTORY. 



Ptolemy Phncon dri> 
tram hi* tlunna for 



PhyKoa mtond. 



Owth of ItidpM, Id 

Nuinidu. and (bs i 

alnatlon of Hiampul by 



Jusurthine Wm' bBaiiu 



Egypt 

"HSi 



InlhtBail. 

u with Arittanicus. 



130. Ariitonlcui dcfutad. 

120. Pertamui OTEaniEed 
ai thfl provmcB oi Au&, 



11. Outbmkofmr 

Jusurthk who had 
urfted the royal p 
in Numidia- 



182. Swvflo Wm enr 



wkrd the Ltt" Strnfiro- 
niai involving far-reach- 
ing reforms. 

131. Catu* Onccbut ilain. 



■olart 
thel^. 



101. Th« Teutonei dafaat 
the Roman! onthehanki 

BlouorSO?006niciL ' 

102. Mariu* victorious 
Ambroncs at Aqus Sex- 



aitVti ol ^u&uCst 



TABULAR VIEWS 



... 


Paoo«B8» o» SociBTr.BTC. 


Thb jBwa 


Aha. 








00. Seleumi V. micceeda 
lowing year. 

by Rome. 
M, .Ariobananat electsd 
Tigranea.lrinsi^ Armenia. 


00 


SB. The Ronuia francUie 
grantwl to the llaliaoi. 




88. Fontug at WM with 

o^lSUred. "" 

87. Mithradaleifliodl 
army into Greece. 


88 


"■Krga™"'" 


86. AlHianderJann«ul re- 
be hai been driven by 
the Phaiiaeei. wreaks 
cruel vSDivaiics on that 
party. 


86. Pontic forces defeated 

84. Peace concluded be- 
tween Pontua and Rome. 

83. Second Uithradalie 


» 












Jannmia, govena Judea. 


liithradalic war. 
71. MithradalM defMtnl 






09. HyrcaniU IT. In con- 


Od. Tlie racs of tha Scleu- 
dd«depo«rf. 

04. Syria beeomei ft 
Roman province. 



64B.C. 



OF UNIVERSAL HISTORY. 






Si'ij?! 



In Alia and Africa. 



I. A FarthUa erabusy 



88. Uithradatic Wbt:Su1Ii 



! Thebei deitniyed by Lath- 



,, «Bder 11. (Ptolemy 

Xl. kingof Egypt. 
Ptolemy Si. A^cta. 1 

of Egypt' 



•a. UettUutrabduca Crete. 



nade a itoniui pnivioc* ; 
h«_j«_<y^o— J by hit S 



ei. The tribune M-Llvin. 
the ItaJian allies: he U 


90. SodalWurinimy. 


88. Sulla puts an end to 
the Soci^ War, 

Civil War between 
Uariui and Sulla. 



78^ S«toriu8 revolt* i 

73. War of Sputacui. th 

73. Sertoriu* anauioatad 
71. SpartacDS defeated b. 



TABULAR VIEWS 



. Pboobsib of SociBTr. ai 



S Ccur reioniu th* Caten- 



TerentiuA Vutd, writor 



68. PomDey nwlcM ui I 






63 B.O.- 



68. PhanucM Use of 



7. (obwlX India; war of 
the iiAtivfla under Vi]a«- 
maditya agaiiut Scyth- 

U. Outbreak of «r be- 



17. AntiiMtcr, the Idu 
mean, ii nudtt procum 
tor of Judea by Coar. 



S3. Ptiifaiao* ovemn Sy- 



47. Battle of ZelL— 

naces II. of Pontui 
quered by Cteiar. 



46 B.a 



OP UNIVERSAL HISTORY. 



Ptolamy Xt. icttond by 
■ Roman Bniiy under 
Gabinlui and Hucui 



% mod iiei biDtho'. 






Utica. 
boildiagoi CtirUias*- 



Im Atiaand Africa 



Caliliae'i Cooipumcy. 

to. Fbtt TrioniTJraM!— 
Paapty, Cnmu, wh 
JdUuCbht. 

SB. Clodim 

TheH™ 
JuliuiCa 

. CicBD raoIM. 



48. Ccsai defatod b) 
Pompey at Dynhach 
iutn , — Thewaly beconwi 
the Kit of war.— Thi 
Atheniaiu declare la 
Osar Kgalnit Pompey 

Bstlle of Phanalia:— 
Pompey. defeated by 
dcHT, fleet into Egypt. 
and ii iloin there. 

7. CHartalm Alexandria 



II. of Pontui, 

S. The Pompelant in A 
' Sextua Pon 



peiiu.Cato 
Tbaimu b 



itGauL 
L SaDnat expalkd t 



Spain and forcM F^- 



truthea the 



TABULAR VIEWS 



..c. 


P«oa».BSorSoc«TT.^. 


Th. J««r». 


Asia. 






43. Antlpater pmaonad. 








U. Henxl the Gnat, ion 








of AntipaUr. defeaU his 


conii invade Syria, lake 








Antioch and Sidon. plun- 
der Jerusalem, and ad- 






Parcorus. the Parthian— 






and is maile Icins by the 


vance as (ar a. tbe 








3M.,,P,«,U„d.,„»l 






87. Hand with Roman a^d 








takes jRusalem which 


36. Uan^us Antoniua in- 






ff'-'-.Srffi;"" 


vades P arlhia but istom- 






Mlled to retreat vith 








34- Aiitony nibduei Ai- 


30 


Diiaet tnda of Roma with 








Indik.— .Silk and linen 










Herod. 














Templs of JanuEi at RoniB 


29. Herod kOli 1'!> vife. 








Han«>me. 












27 


Tbe Pniithean built. 






as 


Glide.. Mg= of Romsn lit- 


25. (oh™i). Hemd begins 






erature Horace. Virgil. 


ul«ui>-e buildinft op«- 






TibiULus. Propertius, 






BS-.kii-'i.iSS'-i 


^™elC^^d.°"^- 


23. Parthian smbaHy at 






Rome. 




Augustus, patron of lit- 


temple at Jerusalem 








t>o-,g) 




















wanHot, 'and patron o{ 








the arts. 






22 










du«d on tbe Romui 


1 




Stage. 


20. Parthiaoa restore the 
1 standards captured from 








1 Crassu*. 



20KG. 



OF UNIVERSAL HISTORY. 



45 



I.e. 



Africa. 



Roman Empirb. 



45 



41 



36 



34 



31 



30 



Cleopatra poisons her bro- 
ther and reigns alone. 



Marcus Antonius. capti- 
vated by Cleopatra, 
takes up his residence 
in Alexandria, whence 
he administers Eastern 
affairs. 



Cleopatra obtains from 
Anton/ a ^ant of 
Phcpnicia. Coele-Syria. 
and Cyprus. 

Marcus Antonius divides 
Asia among his sons by 
Cleopatra. 

Marcus Antonius and 
Cleopatra defeated by 
Octavius, at Actium. 

Antonius and Cleopatra 
destroy themselves. — 
Egypt becomes a Roman 
province under the per- 
sonal rule of Augustus. 



45. C«esar perpetxial dicta- 
tor — the remnants of the 
Pompeians crushed at 
Munda in Spain. 

44. Caesar assassinated, 

43. Second Triumvirate:— 
Octavius C^sar, Marcus 
Antonius, and Lepidus. 
— Cicero proscribed and 
mtu-dered, 

42.The battle of Philippi: 
—Antony and Octav- 
ius defeat Brutus and 
Cassius. 



36. Sextus Pompeius de- 
feated in Sicily. 



33. Antony qtiarrels with 
Octavius. 

31. By the battle of Ac- 
tium Octavius acquires 
sole rule in the Romaa 
world. 



29. Octavius's 3 days tri- 
uxnph at Rome. 

Temple of Janus shut. 

27. The titles of Augustus 
fend Emperor comerred 
on Octavius for 10 years; 
the end of the Republic. 

23. Augustus receives tri- 
bunician power for life. 



22. Conspiracy of Murena. 

21. Augustus visits Greece 
and Asia. 



TABULAR VIEWS 



. Prookku or SOCIBTV, w 



i Ha CatoddkronmcMd br 



W'-^S 



Chrlit wu made a itait- 
luB point in chronolcyy 

by the mook Dtooyur' 
Bxiffuiu wbo liwd in tl 

uAmtaA by the Cburcb 

populiriied by Bed* in 
the eighth century, wad 

in the tenth. Dioaynui 
Identified the birth of 
Christ (incmmAtion J 



plmced from four 




'Chayna, Encjctaprndia BMica. 'UtMntm, DicHa-ittryii At BOIt. 



4 B.C. 



OF UNIVERSAL HISTORY. 



47 



I.e. 




Roman Bmpirb. 



19. The Cantabri in Spain 
subjugated; conquest of 
Spam complete. 

16. Lollius defeated by the 
Germans. 

15. Rhtfftians and Vindeli* 
cians subdued by Ti* 
berias and Drusus. 

12. Augustus assumes the 
title of Pontifex Maxi- 
mus. 

Pannonia conquered 
by Tiberias. 

11. Victories of Diuraa ia 
Germany. 



TABULAR VIEWS 



.... 


PROOKBSS of SOCICTT. mTC. 


Sacbu. 




Ovid publishM hi* An Amaioria. 




10 


"^V^&iJSX^ 


20. PoDtiui Pilate becomei procuntor 

■nd beeioniik af liii pub^c work. 
30' (29?i. Crucifixion of Jesia Chriit. 










36~3fl> <31 or 35>}- St. Paul converted 
to Chrinianity. 


" 


Philo, Alexandrian Jew.diKipleofPlBto: 
■■ Trumpet of the World," 




60 


ColumeUa, writer m huibandry. 


83,' Third nxissionary journey of PauL 
M. Paul at Ephesus. 


. 


'Hattiogi, Dkiiemiry of At Bibit. 



55 A.D, 



OF UNIVERSAL HISTORY. 



49 



A.D. 



Roman Empirb. 



9 



17 
19 



24 



42 



46 



East, 

Caius Caeaax makes peace with the Par- 
thians. 



The subjugation o£ the Dalmatians 
completed. 



Germanicus takes command in the East. 
Germanictis poisoned at Antioch. 

Uprising of Tacfarinas in Numidia 
suppressed. 



Mauretania conquered and divided into 
two provinces. Mauretania Tingitana 
and Mauretania Caesariensis. 



Thrace made a Roman province. 



West. 



4. Death of Caius Cssar. son of 
Agrippa; Tiberius renews his cam« 
paigns in Germany. 

9. Roman legions under Varus de- 
stroyed by the Germans under 
Arminius in the Teutoburg Forest. 
Ovid is banished to Tomi on the 
Black Sea. 



14. Augtistus dies and Tiberius be- 
comes emperor. 

The Pannonian and German legions 
revolt. 

19. The Jews banished from Italy. 
23. Sejanus poisons Drusus. son of 
Tiberius. 



26. Tiberius retires to Capreae (Capri). 



31. Sejanus disgraced and put to death 

37. Tiberius dies. 

Caligula (Caius Caesar) becomes 



41. Caligula assassinated. 

Claudius becomes emperor. 



43. — invades Britain with his general, 
Plautius. 



51. Caractacus. the chief of the Trino- 
bantes in Britain, defeated and 
brought to Rome. 



54. Nero becomes emperor. 

55. — poisons Britannicus, ion of 
Claudius. 



TABULAR VIEWS 



56 A.D.- 



D Panlui. utlrlrt. 



itioD ol Jeruwlnii nurk* 



56.1 Puil anettad li 
I,' Paul arrival in 

ai.i Actadoaad. 



Pint baditioiiat peraecution of 

[iitiaiu, by Nero. 

M-ASJ Uanyrdom of Peter and Paul. 

66. Outbreak of Jawiih war. 

"'' ^me Limu.i Vopaalaa degpalcbad 



70. The deKniction <rf Jeruaatem 
Titui. 

Ta. Conqucat of Judca completed. 



79. Pope ABadatua. 



m. PopaClamau. 

96. Second traditional peraecutloa of 



tba OiriAtiiuu» by Dod 



95 A.D. 



OF UNIVERSAL HISTORY. 



51 



A.D. 



Roman Em pziib. 



60 



63 



66 



60 



70 



86 
90 



East. 



CorbuJo subdues Armenia. 



Tiridates placed on the thnme of Ar« 
menia by Nero. 



Tiridates visits Rome. 



Vespasian declared emperor at Alex« 
andria. 



Jerusalem destroyed by Titus. 



War with the Dadans under Deoebalus. 



Roman reverses against the OiAdi and 
the Marcomanni; jyeace with the 
Dacians bought. 



West. 

69. Nero's mother. Agrippina, xmt to 
death by his order. 

61. Revolt of the Britons tmder queen 
Boadicea; they bttm London. The 
queen, defeated by Suetonius, poisons 
herself. 



64. Burning of Rome and Christians 
accused of the crime. 

65. Seneca and Lucan put to death. 

68. Galba proclaimed emperor by the 
soldiers in Spain; he reigns 8 months, 
and is put to death by the Pretoriana. 



69. Otho becomes emperor; acknowl- 
" fed by tl ~ 
eated by 



w» x^ waav 

edged by the Senate; (3 months) 



Vitellius. who becomes emperor 
(8 months) ; he is overthrown by the 
army of 

70. Vespasian, commander in the Bast, 
who becomes emperor. 



78. Agricola sssumes command in 
Britain. 

70. Titus becomes emperor. 

Herculaneum and Pompeii de- 
stroyed by an eruption of Vesuvius. 



81. Domitian becomes emperor. 



86. Romans defeated by the Dacians on 

the Danube. 
88. The secular games celebrated. 



TABULAR VIEWS 



.... 


pBOORBiS O? SOCIBIV. BTO. 


BCCLIBIABTICAL. 


ae 


biographer; the youager Pliny. 






with the Trajan Forum: Pillar of 
Trajan, Bnd baths; itone bridae 
built over the Danube. 


OB. PopeEvariiCui 

lUO. Chriitiaa assemblies prohibited bj- 

lOO laboul) Composition of the-'Shep- 
herd" of Hennas. 

18l;lf.f^SrSSid..,h. 

112-113 (100?). Tliifd traditionJ p«r- 
wcution. by Trajan, 

116. Pope Xystu. (Sjjrtua I). 


.3. 


The ereat buildiagt ot Palmyra.— Tem- 
ple of the Sun at Baalbec. 


126, Pope TeleiphOTM. 


m 


mulgation of Hadrian '■ perpetual 






Ptolemy, the celebrated Egyptian 
astronomer and geographer; Aman 
and Appian, Greek hiitoriani; Paus- 
anius, traveller. 


136. Pope HyBinna. 
140. Pope Piua I. 

Canon of Scriptuie Gied about tbil 


™ 




154 tflboHl). Justin Martyr publishes 

163 (about). Martyrdom of Papiaa. 
165. Pope Soter. 

De4th of Justin Martyr. 



175 A.D. 



OF UNIVERSAL HISTORY, 



53 



A.D. 



Roman Empire. 



103- 
104 



114 
116 
117 



112- 
127 
130 



131 



136 



East. 



I 



Pliny proprsetor in Bithjmia. sends 
Trajan his account of the Christians. 



Traj an begins war against the Parthians. 
Capture of Ctesiphon. 
Revolt of the Jews in Cyrene and 
Egypt. Trsgan dies at Selinus in 



Ciucia. 



Hadrian in the East for five years. 

Hadrian rebuilds Jerusalem, ttnder the 
name of /Blia Capitolina, and erects 
there a temple to Jupiter, 

Revolt of the Jews under Bar Cochba. 



West. 



Jewish war ended. 



162 



96. Domitian assassinated. 
Nerva becomes emperor. 



98. Trajan becomes emperor; a great 
sovereign and a warrior, under 
whom the Roman Empire attained 
its greatest extent. 



101. Trajan begins his Dacian cam- 
paigns. 

107. Dacia made a province. 



War with the Parthians, lasts 4 years 
and ends in the confirmation of Ro- 
man authority in Armenia. 



117. Hadrian becomes emperor; under- 
takes extensive travels throughout 
the provinces of the empire. 

121. Erection of Hadrian's wall in 
Britain. 



132. The Edictum Ptrfietuum, comprise 
ing the edicts of the Roman praetors, 
collected and published. 



138. Antoninus Pius becomes emperor: 
(eminent for his virtues and love of 
peace). 



161. Marcus Aurelius (Antoninus) be* 
comes emperor. 



167-176. War with the Marcomannl 
and the Quadl. 



TABULAR VIEWS 



Faoouu or Socibtt, bi 



Gdm. GtMh phydciui: DtesmM 
LantlDi, Onak hiitoriui. 



Thg M«dilii(i0iu of lUrctu Aunliii 

body (onu of the loftiat thoushta of 
•nlimiity. 



. _. Pop* Eleathsnu. 

177. Pmrtli truditional penBcuCioo. by 

Marcus Aui^Uui — -IreniDui bAccnlB* 

bUhop oi LyoDt, 



18». Pope Victv I. 



B«thi of C»rtt>ll« bacoii. 
PapinlkH, juritt. 



IM. Pope Zaphyrinui: itrife between 

Zephyriniu and Hippolyttu u to the 
mtomtion of thOM vho had fallen 
•war from the Church under pene- 

203. Fifth peraecutkm of the ChrittUn*. 



of Alejundiio. and Minuc 



217. Pope Calinui I. 

S20 (atoHl). Death of Clement 
Alexandria. 

221. JuUui Africaniu. fint ot Chrial 

222. Pope Urban I. 

Pope PoaUanu*. — Death of 1 



Aleiandria. 
Herodian, Gmk hiitorian. 



232 A.D. 



OF UNIVERSAL HISTORY. 



55 



A.O. 



Roman Empirb. 



East. 



197 



226 



Severua invades the Parthian empire, 
captures Seleucia and Babylon, and 
acquires Adiabene (northern Awyria). 



PaU of the Parthian empire and ettab- 
liahment of the new Persian kingdom 
under the dynasty of the Sassanids. 



West, 



178. Renewal of war with the Marco- 
manni. 

180. The emperor dies at Sirmium: 
Commodus becomes emperor, 
makes peace with the Germans. 



191. Rome nearly destrojred by fire. 

192. Conmxxlus assassinated. 

198. Pertinax proclaimed emperor 
by the Pnetonan guards; murdered 
after a reign of 3 months. 

The empire bought by Didius 
Julianus. who reigns for s months 
and is put to death. 

Septimius Severus proclaimed 
emperor by the Pannonian legions. 

194. — defeats his competitor. Pescen- 
nius Niger, at Issus; besieges 
Byzantium. 

197. — defeau rival emperor Albinut 
in Gaul. 



202. — persecutes the Christians. 



208. — invades Britain and makes 
war on the Caledonian tribes. 

The wall of Severus between the 
Forth and the Clyde built. 

211. Severus dies at York, in Britain. 
CaracaUa and Geta become em- 
perors. 

212. Caracalla Aays his brother Geta; 
general proscription; among others, 
Papinian put to death. 

214. Wars against the Alemanni. 

217. Caracalla is assassinated. 
Macrinus becomes emperor. 

218. Macrinxis defeated by the Parth- 
ians and slain by his soldiers. 

Heliogabalus becomes emperor. 



222. Heliogabalxis slain. 

Alexander Severus becomes em- 
peror. 



232. The victory of Severus over th« 
Persians in Mesopotamia. 



TABULAR VIEWS 



.... 


PhOQBISB op SOCIBTV. BTC 


Sackid aMD BcCLBsumcii. 






Sixth per«ecution of the Chriitian*. 






"SuS^^SSSST" -»- 






"ai-SSS* '~™ '"•' "• 


^ 




218. Cn>rian becomes bishop of Car- 
thage.— Monastic life originalea about 

Dispute between the churches ot 
Rome and Africn about baptism. 

246. Pope Comeliui. 

261. Seventh per«cution of the Chri*. 
tiaoi, under Deciua. 

267. Eighth petMcutioD.uDderValerian. 
26B- Pope Dbnyaui. 


zeo 




260. Paul, of Samuiata, bishop of 
Antioch, denies the divinity of Jesus 

2M. Pop« Pdix I. 


371 


Amcliui begfnmH Honnd Rome. 


270 (ab<»a). Mane« advocmtM his doc- 
trines In PBIM. 



273 A.D. 



OF UNIVERSAL HISTORY. 



57 



A.D. 



Roman Bmptrb. 



242 



East, 



Gordian defeats the 
Saxxv. 



Persians tinder 



256 



260 

281- 
282 

287 



900 



278 



War between Rome and Persia. 



Valerian taken prisoner by Saxxv, king 

of Persia. 
Sapor takes Antioch, Tarsus, and 



Odenatus. ruler of Palmyra, dies — he is 

succeeded by his wife, 
Zenobia. who reigns with the titles of 

'*AugusU"and **OueenoftheEast." 



Zenofaia attemp ts to conquer Bgypt. 



Zenobia defeated at Emesa by Aurelian, 
who destroys her magnificent capital, 
and carries her to Rome. 



West. 

235. Severus murdered in a mutiny of 
the army. 

Maximintis becomes emperor; ia 
victorious against the Germans. 



238. Maximinus assassinated 



hia 



by 
tXTX>ps near Aquileia; Gordian I. and 
II. proclaimed emperors in Africa 
and slain; Senate nominates Pupienus 
and Balbintis emperors; Pupienus and 
Balbinus slain by the Praetorians. 
Gordian III. becomes emperor. 

244. Gordian put to death by Philip 
(the Arabian), who becomes emperor; 
makes peace with Sapor. 



248. The secular games celebrated in 
commemoration of the thousandth 
axmiversary of the founding of the 
city. 

240. Decius becomes emperor; perse- 
cutes the Christians. 

251. — slain by the Goths, who invade 
the empire by crossing the Danube. 

Gallus becomes emperor; purchases 
a peace with the Goths. 

252. A great pestilence 4>revails in the 
empire. 

253. A milianus proclaimed by troops in 
Moesia; Valerianus proclaimed em- 
peror in Rhaetia. 

Galltis and iEmilianus slain. 

254. Valerian becomes emperor: is 
successful against the Germans and 
Goths. 

258. Pranks invade Spain. 
258-80. Great piratical exi>editions of 
the Goths into Asia Minor and Greece. 



280. Gallienus becomes emperor. 
Period of the 30 tyrants. 

284. Alliance with Odenatus. 



288. Gallienus killed at Milan. 

Claudius II. becomes emperor; 
defeats the Alemanni. 

280. —defeats Goths at Nissa.in Moesia, 

270. Aurelian becomes emperor. 

271. — defeats the Marcomanni and 
Alemanni. 

273. — reduces Palmvra after an heroio 
resistance, and takes queen Zenobia 
prisoner. 



58 



TABULAR VIEWS 



274 A.D.- 



A.D. 



Progrbss of Socibtt, btc. 



BCCLBSI AST2CAL. 



276 



284 



290 



300 



320 



330 
335 



Porphyry, Neo-PUtooic philoiox>her. 



Diocletian's Oriental form of govern- 
ment — the monarchy considered 
hereditary—nomination of Cesars as 
co-rulers. 

Diocletian's baths, containing 3000 
benches of white marUe. 

The Gregorian code of civil law. 



Spartianus, Vopiscus, and Trebellius 
PoUio, historians. 



274. Ninth persecution, under Aurelian. 
276. Pope Butychianua. 



283. PopeCaiua. 



lamblichus, Neo-Platonic philosopher. 



Constantinople becomes the capital of 
the Roman Empire and the seat of art 
and literature. 

Hermogeniantu, jurist. 



206. Pope Marcellinus. 



303. Tenth persecution of the Christ- 
ians, by Diocletian. 

304. Amobius of Africa converted. 

305. Persecution of the Christians 
stopped by Constantius Chlorus. 



310. Pope Eusebius. 

311. Pope Miltiades. 

Constantino issues Edict of Tolera* 
tion. 
314. Pope Sylvester I. 

320. Strife of the Donatists in Africa. 



325. The Council of Nice, consisting of 
318 bishops, who condemn Arianism. 
— ^Eusebius, bishop of Cxsarea, 
ecclesiastical historian. — ^Lactantius, 
Athanasius. Anus, flourish in the reign 
of Constantine. 



337. Pope Julius I. 



337 A-D. 



OF UNIVERSAL HISTORY. 



59 



A.D. 



Roman Biipirb. 



276 



283 



2Vr 
208 



314 
323 

325 

330 
833 
834 

337 



East, 



Plorfauras, brother of Tadtus, pro- 
claimed emperor; is slain at Tartus. 



Carua invades Persia but dies near 
Cteaii)hon. 



t subdued. 

ius defeats Narses of Persia. 



Constantine defeats Licinitis at Adri- 

anople. 
Constantine defeats Licinius a second 

time at Adrianople and again at 

Chalcedon. 
The first general council at Nice. 

Constantinople solemnly dedicated. 
Great famine and pestilence in Syria. 
Sarmatians receive settlements in the 

empire. 
Death of Constantine. and the accession 

of his three sons. 



West. 

274. Gaul. Spain, and Britain reduced 
to obedience. 

Dacia given up to the barbarians. 

275. Aurelian killed. 

An interregnum of 6 months. 

Tacitus (a descendant of the his- 
torian) becomes emperor; reigns 6 
months and is slain. 

276. Probus becomes emperor; ob- 
tains several victories over the bar- 
barians and restores borders oi the 
empire. 

282. Probus slain by his soldiers. 

Cams becomes eoiperor. 

283. Cams ovemms Persia and dies. 
Carinus and Numerianus become 

emperors. 

284. Ktunerianus slain; Diocletian x>ro- 
claimed emperor. 

Diocletian makes Maximianus his 
colleague. 

285. Diocletian and Carintia at war; 
Carinus slain. 

287. Britain usurped by Caratasius. who 
reigns 7 years. The empire attacked 
by the northern barbarians, and 
several provinces usiirped by tynnts 
Diocletian divides the administra- 
tion of the Roman Empire among the 
two At^psti and the two CaMars. 

296. Britam regained by Constantius. 



306. Diocletian and Maximian resign 
the empire to Constantius and 
Galerius. 

306. CoNSTANTiNB THB GRBATbecomes 
emperor; Licinius, Maximian, Maxen- 
tius. Gaierius. Maximinus. his col- 
leagues. 
Constantine defeats the Pranks. 

310. Death of Maximian. 

311. Death of Galerius. 

312. Maxentius defeated and killed. 

313. Defeat and death of Maximinus. 

314. Civil war with Licinius. 

323. Constantine defeats Licinius, and 
becomes sole emperor. 



TABULAR VIEWS 



340. ChrlitiknityproDBgittalinEthopia 
by P rumen tiui.^Gothic vCTmion of 
Bible by Wulfila (Ulfildi). 

333. Pope Liberiu*. 

Hilary of PoJtieTm.-^yiil, biihop o£ 



AuKlius Victor, hbtoitani, .^lla 



ind pagan advocate. 



and TheoD, M Alexandria. 



5 QaudiaB, Latin poet. 






366. Pope Damaius. 

370. BmiI. bishopof Csii 



Ephraim 
ilan: Martin of 



400. Chryioitoin. patriu 
nantiooplei Jerome; ! 



400 A.D. 



OF UNIVERSAL HISTORY. 



6l 



A D 



Roman Bmpirb. 



840 
850 
854 



361 
363 



364 
374 

378 
370 



East. 



Wtst. 



884 

388 

394 
395 
3ft5 



Constantius, Constans, and Constantine become emperors. 



150 Greek and Asiatic cities destroyed 
by an earthquake. 

Hermanric. king of the Ostroffoths. 
founds an extensive empire in South 
Russia. 

The Cssar Gallus put to death by Con- 
stantius. 



Constantius dies at Tarsus. 
A disadvantageous peace with 
Persians concluded by Jovian. 



the 



EASTERN EMPIRE 
extending from the lower Danube to 
the confines of Persia. 
Valens becomes emperor. 



The Huns advance into central Europe; 
the Visigoths, expelled by the Huns, 
are allowed by Valens to settle in 
Thrace. 

Valens defeated and slain by the Goths 
near Adrianople. 

Theodoeius the Great becomes em- 
peror; named Augustus by Gratian; 
a zealous supporter of Christianity. 



Armenia jMUtitioned by Rome and 
Persia. 

Theodosttts defeats Maximus, the 
usurper of the Western Empire. 



340. Constantine, the younger, defeated 
and killed by Constans at Aquileia. 

350. Constans killed by emissaries of 
Ma^entius who maintains himself 
in Gaul till 353. 

356-360. Campaigns of Julian in Gaul 
and Germany. 



361. Julian, the Apostate, becomes 
emperor. 

363. — attempts in vain to rebuild the 
temple at Jerusalem. — Is slain in a 
war with the Persians. 

Jovian becomes emperor. 

364. Death of Jovian, and the accession 
of Valentinian and Valens. under 
whom the EMPIRE is DIVIDED. 

WESTERN EMPIRE 
extending from the Caledonian 
ramparts to the foot of Mount Atlas. 
364. Valentinian 1. becomes emperor. 

367. The Picts and Scots invade Britain 
but are defeated by Theodosius. 
Gratian made Augustus. 

375. Gratian becomes emperor; asso- 
ciates with himself Valentinian II.; 
gains a victory over the Germans. 



383. Maximus is proclaimed emperor 
in Britain: Gratian is slain; the West 
shared between Maximus and Valen- 
tinian II. 



388. Overthrow of Maximus and sole 

rule of Valentinian II. 
392. Valentinian II. slain and succeeded 

by Bugenius. 



Theodosius defeats Bugenius, the usurper of the West, and Arbogastes, the 

Gaul. Pinal division of the empire between the sons of Theodosius. 
Death of Theodosius. 



Arcadius becomes emperor. 



396. Honorius becomes emperor. 
400. Italy invaded by Alaric. 



TABULAR VIEWS 



AJ>. 




BCCLBlJUITICiL. 






408. Pope Innocent I. 


410 




"r-a^S'^r^: 












Death of Hypati* of Alaxandila. 


and Felasiiu, a British monk, who 
denied MlSn.lrin.ftc. 






















418! Popeflon««CTl. 






423. PopeCeleMinel. 






488- NeWoriu*. biriiop of ConMantino. 
431. Third ESDeral council at Epheau* 










condenuu Nealor. 






"'■£T.4Tr™£iS.1i."iU.i. 






Inland. 






438. Nestor banished. 


438 




Soiomen and Theodoret, eccleiia» 

Dorylaum. depo«d by the "Robber 

the teachings of Eulychea regarding 
the existence oi one nature in 


4M 


s^fcSS&S'AT^'-'- . 


Christ. 




Le^algtion o[ the Vidsotbt in Spain 


«Ji.2^^wm«???H"S!nsS 




under Euric 





OF UNIVERSAL HISTORY. 



Bastbrh Bhpikb. 



WuTBRM EunBB. 



Radaaiuaui invulH 
defeated by Slilicbo. 



lUly and li 
Gaul. 



il9. Tbe ViBsothi e 



IrGauL 



n 435. ValODliiiiu III. bocc 
438(420). Tlie Vuidalt a 



4S8. AttUa. "The teoof of God," 
becomee ruler of *n jwithtim tmpm 
from China to the AtlABtk. 



I. Buisundian* ettabliih themaelvM 
ji Sapaudia (Savoy). 
44a. The famoua embaHy from Britain 

■olicttiag aid affainit the PictI and 
&viti "the DmanB of the Britona." 



.f the JutM 
(and Honi 



Ibniaa bacomM ei 



t Victory over tbs Arab* ni 



>1, Attila invulea Gaul and b at 
festeil by /Clius >nd Thaodotie a 
M^-«ur^nc (near ChUona). 



. 452. "■Hic origin I 

-afiuren from the Hui 
t Vilentinian ii av 



. -ndal kins, ucki Roim 
Avltua becomea onperor 
" nca of the (>oth*. 



— CiCQieric. the 



.-^ 



64 



TABULAR VIEWS 



456 A.D.- 



A.D. 



PROGRBSS or SOCIBTT, BTC. 



Ecclesiastical . 



476 



480 



486 



400 



493 



The acccsrion of Odoaoer is taken 
generally aa marking the end of 
ancient history and the beginning of 
the medieval period, though in reality 
it brought no ^harp chanse in the con- 
dition of Italy and the West. 

The conquest 01 Rome by the Germanic 
tribes and the subsequent interblend- 
ing of the Latin and Teutonic spirit 
give«( rise to the characteristic Euro- 
pean spirit of later days. 

The Salic law developed among the 
Pranks before Clovis. 



The victory of Clovis marks the triumph 
of the Germanic over the Roman 
civilization in Gaul. 

(about'). Burgundian laws collected by 
Gundoband. 



Theodoric. the Ostrojgoth, seeks to en- 
graft the Roman civilization on the 
Goths. 



461. Pope Hilarus. 



«11 



Clovis s acceptance of Catholic Chris- 
tianity prepares the way for the 
historic connection between the 
Prankish empire and the papacy. 



468. Pope Simplicius. 

Strife for supremacy among the 
bishops of Rome, Constantinople. 
Alexandria. Antioch. and Jeru- 
salem, resulting in the steady growth 
of the power of Rome as the (tampion 
of Catholicity. 



477. Hunneric. King of the Vandals, in 
Africa, persecutes the Catholics. 



482. The emperor Zeno publishes the 
Henoticor, 

483. Pope Pelix III. 

— excommunicated by Acacius, bishop 
of Constantinople. 



402. Pope Gelasius I.; he advances 
bold claims to authority. 



406. Christianity introduced among the 
Pranks, whoje king, Clovis accepts 
baptism. — Pope Anastasius il. 

408. Poi)e Symmachus. opposed by the 
Emperor Anastasius, against whom he 
upholds a lofty conception of the 
priestly dignity. 



OF UNIVERSAL HISTORY. 



Baitbih Bhpirb. 



"nieodoHc. the Goth. ■ boatwe M tb« 

Byiantine court. 
Huni dsfMtsd at Sardiu. 



Leo II. mcceedi Leo I., uid dlea in 

Zeno becomes emperor 

Theodoric bocomei chief of the Oetitf 

Zeno overthrows the' rival en 



Ww with Kobad of Pwda; concluded 



Wbitbbh BHriva. 



4S7. Majorian becomes emperor. 

4SS. Pranki>Chi]dsric I., father of 
Clovis, beeomea loBg of (he Fraoka. 

4SI. Sevenii beeomei emperor. 
46S. Death of Sewnia. 
— Euric becomea kina of the Vid- 
,h): be complete* tat cODquett oi 

467.' Anthemiu* becomea emperor. 



472. Olybriui becomea emperor. 

473. Glyceriui becomes emperor. 
474- Juliua Kepoa becomes emperor. 

Romulul AucuiCului becomei bib- 

47B,'_"Romiilu» Auaualulus depoaed by 

_. ID of 'the WESTERN EMPIRE. 
477. Pountlaiion of the kinsdom of 
Suaiex by £lls. 



Bl. Clovis I., founder of the Prankiih 

power, tucccedi hi* father Childeric 



PeK« between Theodoric and Zero. 




eonqueat of Italy, 


486. Battle of Soisaona— the Roman 
power ia Gaul overthrown by ClovU. 

490. Britain ^-Capture of Anderida by 

491. Pranks i—ClDvii subdues the Ripu- 
ariau Pranlcs, 


Anastaihu L becomea emperor. 
Outbreak of rebellion in laauiia. 





le Oatroaotha. — Odoacer pi 
of Clovis.— He defeat! 



— Bursundiana subjected, 
defeats Alaric near Poii ' 



SOO. Pranlct 
S07. — Clovi 

SIO. -Clovis makes Paris hia capital 
die*. — His kiiwdom par* 



TABULAR VIEWS 



X.P. 


PnooKiis or Socibti, btg. 


ECCLUUITICAL. 






tU. Pope Hormiida.. 
S18. The BccegHon of JuMin marlc* the 
downfaU of , th« Mooopbrwte.; the 


625 
S20 


philowpber. 
The Khoob ot Atbuu doMd by Jui- 


823. Pope John 1. 

S2fl. Pope Pelix IV. 

827. Separation of the Armenian from 

52g^-g?g,%"oj;Be.edic^ne^mong 
63a P^ Boniface II, 


S33 


'^A'^.-.sas'"^'''- 


633. Pope John 11. 

iaa. Pope^veriui. 


637 


The cburch. ot St. Sophia dedicated at 


637. PopeVigiliu*. 


«0 


The lablee of^lpay tranilated into 
Peniwi. 


6t4. In the Edict ottha Throe Chapten, 

muQcil at CafCbase. 
663. The fifth seneral council at Con- 
668. Pc^^tWiuL 


seo 

063 


d«. Britdh hiitofian. 

(SAS) ChriMIuiitv introduced io Scot- 
l»>d by Columba. 


■ The TOtheiati 'nuiintain the eepa- 
nUs eiultence of the pervoiu of tbe 

The 'pope vindicatei hi« authority 
asainit the Prankish clergy by order- 
Ins the reitoration of biihopa depowd 
by a council at Lyona. 


668 

670 


Italy overthrown by tte invanon ot 
the Lombard!. 
Bvagriu*. churuh hlMorian. 





OF UNIVERSAL HISTORY. 



Eastirh Eupii 



BriUiAnt period oftha Bysuitine empir 



BcUuriiu defuti th 



PenUna ftt Dah 



— Suppnuei the Nika Hot In tba Kippo- 

drotne of Conitantinaple. 
— OverthroAa the V&ndaii in AiricL 



Italy. 



Plague in the einp 
TotiU. king of tte I 
Totila talHa Roma. 



Tha Cotriipir Huna overrun Thrace ai 
tbieaWn Coiututjoople but are il 
feMed by Baliiariua. 



fieliaariua diianiced by Jua 



BslUaiiu) rcatored: — ha qualla » c 

Death of BelliaHui and Juitinian. 
Juatia II. becomei emperor. 

Tha •xarchate of R«veiuui ettabliih 



510, Britain; — Tha Britoni defeated 
at Chaiford by Ccsdic and Cynrfc 
who begin tha third Saum klnsdom 



30. — lale of Wight conquered bf 

31, Spain t^—Thcudia eucceeda Anial- 
aric aa king oC the Viaigotha. 



630. Witigea, Uog of t 



tikiBh power re 
whoWomea 



564. Pranki invade Itai]' but are d>- 
atroyed by Nana*. Italy ii utterly 
deaolated. 

5SB. The Frankiah power reunited undM 
Ckrtaiie I.. i ' ' 



eatabliahed. 
il. F^ankl^-• 



567, Beginning of tha atrifo belweea 

lUly conquered by_ the Lombania. 



He later fi»a I 



of B«df«&.— 



TABULAR VIEWS 



Pboomss or SociBTT. m: 



S7S. Pope Benedict I. 



The Roman CfttbaUc faith ecUliliiheil 
country arenlii- 



iviog Rinquend Bnelu: 



690. Pope Gregory I. 



e37_. St. Auau«tini 



celled me Grent; 



had been partielly r 



Europe. — Relics Boufiht iar 
vonhipped^— Litaniei addreaw 
the Virsin— The burning of es 

—idonis, of Seville. Spanish hislori 
Uohunmcd begins the promulgeti 
hii teachiogi. 



BesinninR cj the Tana dynuty in China. 

thF Goldei Aae literature. 
■" " year of the Hegira. the WartinR- 
nt of Che Mohasmiedan cAleiulu. 



apintual and nsal authority. 



Pope Deuidedlt. 

618. Pope Boniface V. 



S, Boniface V, makes Canterbury 
;he metropolitan »Ee of Britain. 

Pop* Honoriui I. 

Uonaiteriei increase. 



proeress of Mobaauuedanisni 



634 A.D. 



OF UNIVERSAL HISTORY. 



1 Tiberius nsociMed with Justin in tb< 

2 Mauiica. ths Cappftdocian. ■uccseds. 



i78. Spain: — Ths Viaigothic kirwLecn-i- 
gild bnaki the Roman power ia ths 
peninsula and upholds ths royal 
power ijiaiiut the nobles. 



- The Avars and Slava li 



It kingdom of Northumbda. 



e army. The empire it 



Auguttine. 
;■ 804. Elhelbert 



3 The Penian* overrun Syria a 



B The Peniant com 
7 The Psnians ove: 
9 Constantinople th 



e H13. Britai^^7-Bth si frith, kins of 

ind coaguers Cheshire and Lan- 

aahire, 

,. Clotaire 11. rsuniles ths Fnnkiih 



LIS defeata the Peraiani repeat- 
and wins the final battle at 

itinople heiueged b 



637. Edwin of Northun 

to Christianity. 
528. Pranks:— Oagober 






Tbs battle of Yer.iiD gina Syiia b 



TABULAR VIEWS 



636 A.D.- 



Pnonuu or Sociitt. btc 

I (abut). NWorian Ctiriitiuiily iot 
ducsd into Chink. 
In Enjflmnd. improvement in ecclouj 
ciU trchiteqtun ; circular arcba ist 
du«d: churches built at Citntcrbu 
Gtutoabury. 8c Albwu. Winchai 



Id d 






In Japan durins tba seventh century 



Wtv at Gin . 

Th« Anslo- Saxon* advance ii. _. ... 

tioD and pDwer. by the Introducti 

of Chriitianlty. 
In the Piaaklih emDire the different 

tioD betmen the French and Genu 



B43. Pope Thcodoni*. 
OM. Popellartinl. 

SM. Pope Eugenhi* I. 

tBI. Pope Vitalian. 

Christianity 



CKdmoa> Anirlo-Saxon pi 
■ InPer^a. theMa«i»n«Iir 
to the lloh 



The. Venerable Bedi 
ChJriitiaiiity almost < 



Bngtand al 



CouncQ of ^iutby. 



era. Pope Adeodatus. 



S87. Pope Snsius I. 



ess,. The Quini 
wOT^ lf"tile 



It Council at Constan- 



o suppler 



Pope Sergiua nor by t 



Pope CoTUtanline t. 
710. Emperor Juitinian ] 
^e fint to kisa the por 






OF UNIVERSAL HISTORY 



EuiaBH EHnitB. Aha. btc. 

"he battis of Ckdaiii give* Penia to 
Arabi; their powvr eit*bJuh«l oJ 
the battle of Nehavcnd (MS). 

. — I tiien by the AnbL 



Egypt COB 



inquered by tbe Aritbe, 



WnTIRN EUROPI. 



638. 1 
folli. 

643. Britain:— Oiwald of Northumbiia 



i. Penda. of Mercia, a\ 
6tB. Pruik*:— CloUi 



IIL rulca aa 



tV. becomea enqwnr. 

Siggc of ConatadtlnoplB bv thrSanconi 
whoM Beet i* deatroyed br the Greek 
III* of Calliniciu, The caliph com- 
pelled to porchaae a peace of th>Ry 
year*, by parios a yearly tribute. 

y«id I.. Cafi^fi. 

The Idogdom of Bulgaria fouQded. 



870._ France; ^Childeric II. becotoei 

3. The death of Childeiic 11. leadi to 
civil war aad anarchy. 

078. Theuderic IIL 

Wamba. kins of the Viaigotha. 



Prankiah r 



«87. P«plQ the Yott, 
Teatry unite* the 1 

esSr^orthumbria loeei the hegemony 

to Weaaex under King Ine. 
em. Prauka^-Clovia lir becomes king. 



JnaUnlan put to death by PhUip B. 
danea, who nigna under the name 
Pbillppicua. 



king. 

eafrven 



gothic kings. 
711. Franks :— Dagobert III. become* 

The VisigQthic kingdom in Spain 



Guadaiet* by l.\i« h 



» uik&et "^v^Aa* 



TABULAR VIEWS 



brought from Saihi 



O ^luttmbmy Abbay nbuUt by loe. 



ECCLBIIAITICAL. 



Fhjlippicui BardATW 



TIB. Pops Gngury II.: he enonjies I 
conflict with the emperor L« Ih 
.iiTun over imosD-wonhip- 



T23 (7S3). BontEkce cooiecnlcd biabop 



EUTOPCAII 



726. Imace-wonhip, being forbidden by 
"le emperor Leo Ihe Iwuriui, 
_iuM* greet diMurbance. 

726 (atonO. Peter-, pence fint col- 
iKted in Englend. 



S rbe Venerable Bed< din 



n. Bud cheoloeiiin. 



tioloBtic philoeophy. 

-choola of Bagdad. 
.. .1. Pel, aod Cordova 

ince, prollLgacy, and mieery 
acteriie ths age preceding Char 

is generally determined by violence. 



7*1. Pope Zacbary. 



ricldng of Uie 
D of Pepin. 

eatened by the 



Copronymi 

756. Coc. - - .-.--- 

temporal power under the auipicei 
of Pepin, who bestowi oa Stephen the 
exarchate of Ravenna. 

767. Pope Paul I. 

768. Pope Stephen III. 

772. Pope Hadrian I., whom Chad*; 



Impoaition of Tithe* enforced by 
Charlemagne, for the nipparl o( the 
cleixy, cnutche*. •cbooli. and tba 



UNIVERSAL HISTORY. 



H BHriltB, AllA, I 



alia* II. bacomei M 
S Tbcodoiliu III. bccomn 



La Greek poeevMJcmi in ItMly an - 

in conwquencii of the edict forbiddinB 

inuffS innvhip. 



718. Spain >-PeIisiu> f 

dom of AituriM. 
720,_ Frank* ;—Theuderi 



ComUntiiie V. (Copron)ranu)nocMdi. 
- The Arab* defeated by ConKantioe. 
The Ommiade callptu overthrown by 



I Al Kannir. oJiph. 



3 A] M fi**^ — 'n*^** Basdad hii capital. 



M Uartel. Uajror of 
■ : — Chllperic IL become* 



728. Frank*: — Charlea Martel crotKl 
the Rhino, and mbdues the Bavar- 
iani; the Arabs rava^ aouthero 

726. (uioM). Britain.-— Ine. kin* of 
Weaex. b«Tini the tax called Peter'a 
■ce, (o lupport a college at Rome. 



732. Franka:— Charka Uartel nini 

inut victory over the Saracen* ne 



737. Pranks:— Childeric 



:. Childen'c III, depo«d ai 



768. Spain: — Separated from tl 
-■--.te. Abd — ' -'.I— 1 



Abdenhman. of tha hou*e of 



\a. Franki:— Chariemagne. wChailea 

Culoman.' umTtVi"" 
77*. Charlemagne invade* Italy; de- 
''-t* Deiidcriui. king of Lombard^, 



. t^Suuna 



TABULAR VIEWS 



PROGBBSI or SOCIETT. B 



BCCLMIUTICAL. 



787. The Mve 



TBS. Fopc Lw III. 

InuBB-worihip 

Synod of PrankKn 



OF UNIVERSAL HISTORY. 






S Leo IV. becoi 
D Conitant: 

Ruchi 



L-mother) ratom Ima^i 
ii invaded by H»roun tl 



II hii mother Imie 



WiSTIBH BUBOFI 



_ .. _ -nnavallea in the 

Pynneci by the Buquc*; the nibisct 
of the Smg of Roland. 

Bi- The Sixoni cnmpelled to adopt 
Christianity. 
787. Britain;— Pint recorded Inveikm 



the Dtuiei. 
70B. Cherl 



TABULAR VIEWS 



PRncRBSB or SociBrr. ] 



Nbw WasTBKM Bui 



a aOO, NBW EMPIRE ot 

Iho WEST founded by 
Char!em&ene, who u 
crownod ■[ Bomn, by 



cathedral schools by 



Uanr biehop 

bunded — Gnat incn 
of moiiMtlc innicutk 



,e BOe. Synod at Alx-U-Cha. 



Haroua-al -Rsoc hid . 
-.t SM. Saxon conqueat com- 

80S. The Avan defeated 
18. Pint descent of the 



EgirSiard, hL._ . , 

retery to CharlemaBne. 
The ttmn o( al Mamu" 

the AugunUn eae i 
Arabian lileratuie. 
4 Tho death of Charlemagt 
') followwl by rclri 



]E 814. Inaurrection at i 

^jsie. Pope Stephen \ 

" 817. Pope PaKhal I. 

82*. Pope EuBeuiua 

. ChriitlBDity in Den- 



SSCrSuDt Uark'a Chui 
Venice founded 



preachea < 



iatiamty In 



S40 (obavr). PaMbaiiui 



840. Lothair becomes em- 
ir —defeated by hia 



Ratramnus and Scot. 
I Eriaena, theologians. 
ImaBe-worthip re 
Ublwhed. 



*°K»nc«:— CharlB. 1. 
(the Bald). 

named the German, 

Italy and Lorraine: 
— Lotfiair king 
vitb imperial dignity. 









/ ^\ 


< 


o 




/O z* 


u. 


o 


^n/vA \ 


f O 1. oc •. 

/ O 3 •. 


J 




v*o 


(£ fe'. 


< 


?/ 




\ 3C <1 


o 


Jl 



843 A.D. 



OF UNIVERSAL HISTORY. 



77 



A.D. 



Eastern Empire. 



England, Scotland, etc. 



Thb World, elsewhere. 



802 Irene is dethroned by 
Nicephorus. 

803 Byzantine empire recog- 
nizes independence oi 
Venice. 



807 

811 

813 

814 

8201 

825 
827 
829 

832 

838 



802. Egbert, king of Wes- 



842 



War with the Pranks. 



MicKael I (Rhangabe), at 
war with the Bulgarians. 



Leo V. (the Armenian) 
becomes emperor. 



Bulgarians defeated. 



Michael II. becomes em- 
peror. 
(Balbus or the Stammerer) 

The Saracens obtain pos 

session of Crete. 
Saracens invade Sicily. 

Theophilxis becomes em- 
peror. 

Persecution of image-wor- 
shippers. 

Theophilxis defeated by 
the Saracens at Dasy- 
mon. 



Michael III. (the Drunkard^ 
becomes emperor under 
the repiency of Theodora 

The tnumpn of image- 
worship. 



815-823. Egbert, kins of 
Wessex, defeato the brit 
ons of ComwalL 



825. Egbert triumx>h8 over 
the Mercians. 



800. Death of Haroun-al* 
Raschid; succeeded by 
Al Amin, caliph at Bag- 
dad. 



813. Al Mamun. caliph at 
Bagdad. 



829. The seven kingdoms 
of the Heptarchy unitea 
by Egbert, king of 



W. 



837. War between Wessex 
and the Danes begins. 



839. Ethelwolf 
king. 



becomes 



820. First dismemberment 
of the Abbasside cali- 
phate. The dynasty of 
the Taherites founded 
at Khorassan. 

826. Ansgarius introduces 
(^hrisiianity into Den- 
nfiark. 

830 iabcui). Ansgarius in 
Sweden. 

833. Al Motassim. caliph. 
He builds Samarra, 
which he makes the seat 
of government. 



841. Norway:— Halfdan 
begins the subjection of 
the territorial nobles and 
the founding of a mon« 
archy. 
Wathek. caliph. 



TABULAR VIEWS 



*.t,. 


Pbogbbss or Socibtv. 


EcCLMIASIICiU. 


FiUNca. SpAiH. Gbbhaht. 






344. Pope Seraius II. 


S4S. Paris sacked by the 


850 


iabom). Kiccmar French 
Rahanus Mauras. German 


predestination. 

ess. Papa Benedict III. 
858. Pope Nicholas I. 

power against Lotbair 
ll.of LotTBine. 
860. The False Decretals. 

sea. Schism between Eaat- 
em and WestemChunh - 

86™' Pope Hadrian II.— 


853-854. War between 

855. Lothair abdicates; 
succeeded by Louis II. 
who has Italy with the 
imperial dignity. 






SeO-870. Eighth cDundl at 
Constantinople. 


between France and 






872. Pope John VIIL 




ST4 


Iceland settled. 






877 


The beginning ol the 
feudal system. Hered- 
itary nobility, which 

dominant onl«r in thi 


882, Pope Mwtin 11. (Ma- 


877. Pmnce— Louis Il.dhe 

87fi!''&DuisIlt, andCar- 
loman reign jointly. 




The nobles independent 
oi the king. 


8S^'."^'Hadriui III. 
885. Pope Stephen V. 


884. Charles the Pat, 
king of Prance and em, 
peror. reunites Prank- 
ish dominions. 

885, Paris besieged by 
the Northmen. Charle. 
makes peace with tbeoL 



885 A.D. 



OF UNIVERSAL HISTORY. 



79 



ij>. 



Eastern Empirb. 



England, Scotland, etc. 



Ths World, elsewhere. 



844. Scotland: — Kenneth, 
kins of the Scots, de- 
feats the Picts and be- 
comes sole monarch. 



866 



867 



Basil, the Macedonian, 
made co-emperor. 

Basil slays Michael III. and 
commences the Mace 
donian dynastv. 

Beffins the compilation of 
the Basilican Code. 



878 



Syracuse taken by the 
Arabs. 



849. Alfred the Great bom. 

851. Ethelwolf defeats the 
Danes at Ockley. 



860. Ethelbert succeeds in 
Wessex. 



866. Ethelred 
king. 



becomes 



867. The Danes begin a 
series of assaults which 
result in the conquest 
of Exu^and. northeast 
of the Thames. 



871. Alfred thb Grbat 
sxicceeds. 



845. The Normans plunder 
Hamburg, and penetrate 
into Germany. 

846. The Saracens destroy 
the Venetian fleet, ancl 
besiege Rome. 

847. Al Mottawakkel. ca- 
liph. 

840. Saracens defeated by 
the pope's allies. 



878. Alfred defeats the 
Danes at Ethandun; he 
concludes with them the 
treaty of Chippenham or 
Wedmore. 



860. Gorm the Elder unites 
Jutland and the Danish 
Isles, and becomes king 
of Denmark. 

861. Iceland discovered by 
the Northmen. 

862 (traditumal). Russia: 
— ^Kurik, first grand 
prince. 



868. Egypt throws off its 
dependence ofi the ca- 
lipns, under Ahmed. 



872. Norway : — Harold 
Haarfagr makes himself 
sole king by his great 
victory over the jarls at 
Hafurstford. The con- 
quered nobles leave the 
country, beginning a 
career of piracy. 

874. Iceland settled by 
the Northmen. 



\ 



TABULAB VIEWS 



*.=. 


PsooKiu or SOCtBTT. 




Pkuio, Gbuuht. btc. 








SSr. G«ntuiar: — ArnuU 








dethionai Charlea tba 








Pat and becomea klna 
of Gartnany: the find 














Hpantion of Gaimany 








and P™nee. 








B8B. Ptbocb: — Odo, Count 


8B0 


Alfred the Gist «Ub- 




otParia. 




11ih« > r.«ulM militi. 








>nd nivy ud extands 








ths power of the kina'i 
couTti: innitutei bSa 




BSG. AmuU, Geiman am- 




kndmukeU. 


8M. Pope Boniface VI. 
Pope Stepban VI. 


parot. takea Rome. 






S»8. Pope Jobn IX. 


898. Pr.nct-Ch.ria. III. 






Venentlon for •■inti 


(Che Simple) luccaadk 
899. Ger.; — toui. IlL 






and ■ purion for relict 


•00 


Entfuid dlWdod bitci 


90^^U Bomdict IV. 


'"i-.SSo-'S.IJi.. 








gvi.ni. 




dred..iocltlthm«^. The 
county oourw ™"™ 




ConteiU MDong tba 








noblei and biahopi. 




the orii liihW of Eaa- 


903. Pop« L«a V. 






lahmen. 


mt. Pope Seigiiu III. 


904. Italy:— Tba ri» of 




At the beginning of tho 

UnopleMiuS^e fint city 
of Sucopo and a gmt 




Thaodof* followed by 










fiOe. Cluny founded. 














f«oturin« eentrt. 




tribute to the HuD- 






»I1. Tho Nortbmen In 


911. Piiance: — TbeNortb- 






France ombimce Cbria- 


men under Rollo, etCab- 
°G«!':'-Con..d I. of 






tiuicy. 






BU. Popo John X. 








Prwiconia. The empire 
















9ia. Berengar of lUly 








919. Car.:— Henry 1. (the 






e21,(ato<u). The Bohe- 


Fowler). 6m of the 








Saxon line. 






lianity. 


France >K;har1e« the 
R^iert o? Pany"" ^ 


B2S 


Tha Anglo^iton tnon 
arehy rues into Bhto 




and killed at Roiuoni. 




pean import>iic>. 




Rudolph, duke of 










Rhais, Anbiu writer on 




king. 




oiedi^itK. 




928. Italy:— Hugo, count 






M7. Odo, abbot of Quny, 










king of lUly. 






code of diKiolioa. 
928. Pope Leo VI. 














9ZB. Pope Stephen VII. 





929 A.D. 



OF UNIVERSAL HISTORY. 



81 



A.D. 



Eastbkn Bmpxrb. 



England, btc. 



Thb World, elsewhere. 



886 



Leo VI. (the philoeopher) 
becomes emperor. 



.100 

cnf4 

897 



004 



013 



010 



BetMventum subject to the 
Greek empire. 

Bsrzan tines driven from 
Beneventiim. 

War with the Bulsarians. 
and Saracens. 



Russian expMsdition under 
Oleg. against Constan 
tinople. 



Constanttne VII. (Porphy- 
rogenitus) becomes em- 
peror. 



Romanus. general of the 
fleet, becomes co-em- 
peror, with his three 
sozu. 

A period of quiet In the 
empire and comparative 
prosperity. 



Invasicmof the Danes 
under Hastings and re- 
newal of war with 



807. The Danes defeated 
at London. 



900. Scotland!— Conston- 
tine IL 

901. Edward (the elder), 
the first who takes the 
title of "1^ of the 
Anglo-Saxons." 



910. War 
Danes. 



renewed with 



912. The valley of the 
Thames annexed to Wes- 



918-922. East Anglia and 
Mercia incorporated by 
Wessex. 



925. Athelstan 
king of Wessex. 

926. — becomes king 
Northxmibria. 



becomes 



of 



895 iabout), Hungary: — 
Magyars under Arpad 
enter the kingdom. 



909. The rise of the Pati- 
mite djmasty in Kair- 
wan. North Africa. 

910. (a&9itf). 8pl^n^— The 
name of Leon given to 
the kingdom of Asturias. 

912. Spain: — Abderrah- 
man III. of Cordova, the 
fjreatest Arab prince of 
SxMun. 



TABULAR VIEWS 



*.D. pROGRHSa OF SOCHTV, 


Ecc.„.a,T,CM.. 


FaAHca. GaBHaHT. etc 


sao 


(about). PrioUng by 








movable blocki unong 


931. Pope John XI. 






the CbiocH. 


Mere childna ete 






ConJovB. in Spain, be 


s^,.".A.a'- 


933. Victory of Henry tbe 
Fowler over the Hun- 




corno tbe Kat of Amb 




leaminB, Kionic. in 








dmtry. and commerce 








Its celebrated ichoali. 








tOKether with iti equally 








c«]ebrated poeti and 


838. Pope Leo VII. 


B3S. Cer.:— Otho I. (the 




philosopher!, render it 








fi3B. Pope StepbBi VIII. 


peror. 






9a. Pope Uartin III. 
(Mari^ 11.) 


Frances— Louil IV. 
becomes king. 

0«S. Prance:— Loui* IV. 






BW. PopoAgapetuII. 


!S^fS-".'i5-^ 
















SGO 






SC- "'"•"' " 




The mercantile chamctei 




954. Prance: — Lothair 














M5. Pope John XII. 


956"'G"n^oy:— Otho 






Quarrel with the em- 


rts'iiSa-'js; 




over the high ku witti 


perors reipectins in- 




a ship and cargo of his 


v«titure. 


Otho da^ta the Slavs. 




own. should enjoy the 


657. (oboxO. Baptiam of 




rank and privileges of a 
thane. 


Olga, resent of Russia. 
B5S, St. fiunstan becomes 






















which becomet the seat 








of Weatera induitiy. 


The influence of the 
moDla greatly increased. 




sea 


'•SS. '.S-r.3J!S,- 








in Bmnswick writes 




962. Otho crowoed Ro- 






663. Pope I*o VIII. 






In EnglaniP. Edgar organ- 


904. Pope Benedict V. 


the" bulling of the 
Holy ^man Emp.ire 




i»i an eHic»nt navy 




and the union of lUly 




which patron the coast 
for defence agaiiist tbe 


»a.' Poland receives Chiis- 


*ith Germany. 












tianitjr under Mieclslaa. 





OF UNIVERSAL HISTORY. 



A.B. £*ST»N EhFIM. 


.».„..,.». 










631. Spain ^—RaInin> IL 








ki^^Uon, 








934. Norway:— Eric Btod- 








but. king—hi* cruelty 








l«d.^ the p«,pl. to 








935. Denmark:— Harold 








Blue-Tooth, firtt Chrii- 






987. By the vfctory of 










939"spa'im— Ramito II., 








king ofLcon.defeaU the 






firatly- 


Moora. under Abderrah- 






MO. Edmund I., brothei 


man. in the battle of 






'•&:^r™-o.'a: 




Ml 


Roramniu nini » nnval 






victory over the Ru»- 






■iuM. kd by Igor. 


944. The Dane Uw re. 
duced. 




W5 


Rom»nu« overthrown luid 




04i, RuHiai— I?or a luc- 




ConltutiiM VII. nigna 


M6. Edred wcceedi Ed- 






•lone. 


mund ; governed by 
Duniwn, «blxil of Glas- 








tonbury. 


9S0, Spain:— Oniofio III. 






U2. Scotland:— Malcolm 
I., king. 


king of Leon. 






M3. Scoll.nd^Iodulf. 








OSS. Ed wy succeed! Edred. 










'^ki.^^ofli:;:*'"^ "- 


US 


Romuui II. btcomea 


MS. Edsor succeed! Ed»y. 








birilop'^^CefbiiJJ'! " 








ML Scotland ^- Duff. 


960. Chi.),:— Tai Tmn 


DOl 




violent dispute* be- 


founder of later Sung 




B^hrsc™,,.',,., 




003 


tween the m^nka and 


cessfully againiC tha 




VIII. rule under the rt- 


the dergy. 






er^y of Ih^j: nwlhei. 
ThK>ph»no, Nicephoni* 


Mt. Revival of RM>na>- 






Phocu co-emperor. 


ticism in England after 
the Daoiah wan. 




MS 


Nicephomi recoven Cy 

DTIU, 




Bee. Polandi-MiecUM 
ira'^rn'^-aSiriil: 














k,^ of Leon. 


•68 


— Uliea Aotioch, 






«aa 






969. The Patimite* be- 




John ZimiMi, »ho 












mUrcJ^^h''o<i5iSl 




976. 






071 


Zimiice* defe.U the Rw 
■iaii* Bt PmthlavK uc! 







TABULAR VIEWS 



'6 Abboa al Pleury, Pnpcti 



B by thflauveoi. 
d diicovend by 

md Genoa carry 

flouri»him t™-*- 
m Aua ■ 



e&l. Pope JohB XIV. 
9S4. Pope Boniface VI 
es& Pope John XV. 



DBS, Pint cainoBfntion of 



5 ^Ifric GTWnmatlei 

Anglo-Saxon wnter ai 
theologian. 



Byiantlne 



096. Pope Gngoiy V. 
007. Pope John XVI. 

Pope Sylveatar II. 

„-. St. 



1003. Pope John XVIIL 



1000. Pope Scfsiui 
1012. Pop* Benadic 



, GlBUAHT, Mc 



073. Gsr.^-Otho II. on- 



087. France:— Hugh Capet 
king \ founderof Capetiaa 
line <d Fiench Idnsi. 



000. Pnuice:— Robert n. 

;tbe WiK) lucceedi his 
atherHugh. 



loop. Millennial expect* - 



Italy: 



ler.: — Henry II. 
ra (duln of Bava- 



1004. Italy:— He 
vited by the 
party. — AnJoLi 

Henry crowned 

iOOS. Henry pr 

general peace. 



OF UNIVERSAL HISTORY. 



EuTBKH BhPIBI. 



1 Bceinn 
Bute 



OTS. Edwmrd (the Mutyr) 



The IfinK purchM 
B01. BkttlB of lUldoa. 



DbdbuiIc iDvade Eog- 



ijr army ji dcatroycd. 



S74. Sp 

iHpn of CordovL 



Dane* in England ■ 



1006. Scotland:— Malm I 



Thb Wokld. dsewhara. 



n:— Hliham, 

_. Cordova. 
Uanmr, regfint, 



I (afiouO.RuBma:— Vla- 

limir Iha Great tiiairi« 

Inna. siswr of the «m- 

icror Basil II., and 

iJopt. Chiislienily. 

:. fiolnlav 1. king ol 

'oland. 

I. Olaf fint Chifatlao 

Ling of Sweden. 

i, Norwayt— Olaf I.. 



Hungary the roni litl 
WlTiJahmudofGhai 
maka the tint of (eve: 



1002. Death of. Al. Mao- 
: fall of the oOipfaat* 



86 



TABULAR VIEWS 



IOI3 A.D.- 



A.D. 



Progrbss of Socibtt, etc. 



ECCLBSIASTICAL. 



PsANCB, Germany, etc. 



Literature, the arts and 
sciences, and commerce 
flotirish at Ghazni. 

Musical scale improved by 
Guido Aretino. 

Avicenna, a famous Arab- 
ian physician and phil 
osopner. 



1041 



The anarchy of feudalism 
finds a partial check in 
the promulgation of the 
"Truce ofGod." 

George Cedrenus, Bryzan- 
tine chronicler. 

Franco Magister, writer on 

music. 



1021. Emperor Henry II. 
comes to the aid ox the 
pope against the Byzan- 
tines. 

1022. The pope and the 
emperor tmite to reform 
the church in the spirit 
of the Cluniac discipline. 

1024. Pope John XIX. He 

gathed his election by 
ribery. He was not of 
the clergy, but consul 
and senator of Rome. 



1033. Pope Benedict DC. 
(ten years old). 



1038. The pope, for 
his scandalous conduct, 
driven from Rome, but 
re-established by the 
emperor Conrad. 

1041. "Truce of God" 
published by the French 
bishops. 



1014. Henry crowned 
emperor at Rome. 



1024. Ger.: — Conrad II. 
(the Salic) becomes em- 
peror, first of the Fran- 
conian line. 

1026-27. Conrad crowned 
king of Italy and Roman 
emperor. 

1028. Robert the Devil 
becomes duke of Nor- 
mandy. 

1031. Favorable treaty 
with Poland. 
France: — Henry I. be- 
comes king. 

1033. Kingdom of Bur- 
gundy annexed to the 
empire. 



1039. Ger.:— Henry III. bo- 
comes emperor. 

1041. — defeats the Bo- 
hemians and Hungarians 
— claims the right of 
nominating to the papal 
chair. 



1042 A.D. 



OF UNIVERSAL HISTORY. 



87 



1.0. 



Eastbrm Bmpirb. 



England, etc. 



Thb World, elsewhere. 



1014 



1018 



1025 



1028 



1034 



1038 



1041 



1042 



Basil II. overwhelms the 
Bulgarian sam^r at the 
paas of Demirhissar. 



The Bulgarian kingdom 
overthrown and reduced 
to submission. 



Sole rule of Constantine 
VIII. 



Romanus III. 
emperor. 



becomes 



Michael IV. (the Paphla- 
gonian) becomes em- 
peror. 



1013. The Danes, under 
Sweyn. become masters 
of England. 

Ethelred flees to Nor- 
mandy. 

1014. The Northmen in 
Ireland defeated at 
Clontarf by Brian Boru. 

1016. Edmund II. (Iron- 
sides,) fights six battles 
with Canute, king of 
Denmark, with whom 
he finally divides the 
kingdom. 

1017. The death of Ed- 
mund leaves Canute 
sole ruler. He patron - 
ises literature and the 
Church. 



1031. (Canute penetrates 
into Scotland — subdues 
Malcolm. 



1034. Scotland :~Duncan 
king. 

1035. Harold I. (Hare- 
foot) becomes king — 
ruled by Earl Cjodwm. 



The Normans gain a foot 
hold in Apulia. 



Michael V. becomes em- 
peror. 

Zoe and Theodora rule 

jointly. 
Constantine IX. (Monoma- 

chus) becomes emperor. 
Rise of the Seljuk Turks. 



1040. Hardicanute. 

Scotland : — Macbeth 
murders Duncan, and 
usurps the throne. 

The Saxon line re- 
stored under 
1042.— Edward (the Con- 
fessor). The country 
prospers under his mild 
sway. 

The Norman in- 
fluence predominant at 
the English court. 



1015. Norway:— Olaf II. 
the Saint establishes 
Christianity. 

1016. Denmark: — (Canute 
II. (the Great). 



1019. Russia:— Yaroslair 
the Great. 



1024. Mahmud of Ghasni 
storms Somnath, in 
Gujarat. India. 

1025. Poland :Miecislas II. 



1028. Sancho of Navarre 
Ukes Castile. 



1033. (^tile a separate 
kingdom. 

1035. Spain: — ^Aragon a 
kingdom under Ramiro 

m m 

Denmark: — Hardi' 
Canute III. 

Norway: — Magnus I. 
(the Good). 
1037. Ferdinand I., of 
Castile, in right of his 
wife, succeeds to Leon; 
successful against the 
Mohammedans. 



1042. Denmark: — Magnus 
(the Good) of Norway. 

king. 



TABULAR VIEWS 



. PiooRin or SociBTT, si 



Benedict ia mtond by 
the Counti of Tiucu- 
liira. But Gndiiis the 
poopla wil] not tolenti 
oil critne*, he aeUa the 
pepel chjiir to Gregory. 
Benedict depoMd (or 

oSed^y ffenA I??™' 
IMS. Pope CI«iHIIt II. 



to defeated by the 



bnted Greek pkiloiopbe 
batoriuL 

■ce of •cboUitii 



BcCLUIillTICAL. FR&HCm, OlKUAHT, 



enedicE »a»in driven 



lOM. Tb* pepft] 



■tentiDople. fina] Khiim 
between Butem end 
Wsitern Churches. 
1055. Pope Vicloi H. 

HUifebnuid, the real 
head of the church fron 
the time 1^ Leo IX. Th< 

piety and duclpUne. 
iaS7. Pope Stephen IX. 



Ml. Pope Aleunder II. 

tea. Benrngar of Toun 
oppoaee the docCrino ol 
tTaasutntantlation. 

»a. Alexander degOK) 
Harold and givee Eng- 
land to WiUiam duke o[ 
Nonnandy. 

The Papacy at the 
height of its power, 
daunins aupre^ie domin- 



loEr°Hen 



lose. Ger.:— Henry IV. 
(the Gnat), aaed elx 



lOH. .Robert, dulie ol 

1060. ftS"^— Philip I 
become* king. 



crown of fengland, and 
■nakei war upon Harold 
to obtain it. 



I066 A.D. 



OF UNIVERSAL HISTORY. 



89 



A.D. 



Bastbkn Empirb. 



England, etc. 



Thb World, elsewhere. 



1043 



1064 



1056 



1057 



1050 



The Russians attack Con 
stantinople and are de- 
feated. 



Theodora becoinea ein< 
press, the last of Mace- 
donian dynasty. 

The Greek Church sepa- 
rates from the Roman. 



Michael VI. (Stratioticus) 
becomes emperor. 



Isaac I., (Comnenus) 
comes emperor. 



be- 



Constantine X. (Ducas) 
becomes empetor. 



1051. Rebellion of Earl 
Godwin and his sons. 

Godwin and Harold 
banished. 

William, duke of Nor- 
mandy, visits Edward. 

1052. Godwin restored to 
favor. 

1053. The Danegeld abol- 
ished. 

Earl Godwin dies. 

The Welsh several 
times invade England, 
but are repressed by 
Harold, son of Godwin. 



1057. Scotland:— Macbeth 
defeated and killed at 
Langfanan by Tostig, 
earl of Northumberland, 
and Malcolm. Malcolm 
III. (Canmore) becomes 
king. 



1066. Harold II. elected 
king: killed at the 
battle of Hastings. 
WiUiam I. duke of 
Normandy, styled "the 
Conqueror. * 

End of the Anglo- 
Saxon dynasty. 

Edgar Atheling flies 
to Scotland. 

William I. "the Conquer 
or," becomes king; first 
of the Norman Ime. 



1047. Denmark: — Svend 
Estridsen. king. 

Norway : — Harold 
Hardrada. king. 



1052. The Pisans take 
Sardinia from the Sara- 
cens. 



1055. The Seljuk Turks 
become virtual masters 
of Bagdad though the 
caliphs retain the show 
of authority. 



1065. Spain:— Alfonso VI. 
king of Leon and of 
CastUe (1072). 



go 



TABULAR VIEWS 



1067 A.D.- 




1070 



1080 



1086 



Lanfranc. archbishop 
Canterbury. 



of 



London Bridge and West- 
minster Hall built. 

Norman French taught in 
all the schools in England 
and made use of in all 
legal proceedings. 



ECCLXSIASTICAL. 



Prancb, Gbriiant, Spain. 



Medical school at Salerno 
of great prominence. 



1000 



William of Spires, mathe* 
matician. 

Doomsday Book compiled 
by order of William the 
Conqueror. 
Literature patronized in 
the Bast bv the Seljuk 
Sultan. Malek Shah. 



Roscellinus. scholastic, 
foimder of Nominalism 



1071. Philip of Prance en- 
fl»ges in a war with 
Kobert, count of Hol- 
land. 



1073. Pope Gregory VII. 
(Hildebrand), who at- 
tempts to free the der^ 
from the civil jurisdic- 
tion. He quarrels with 
the emperor. 

1075. The pope assails si- 
mony .clerical marriages, 
and lay investiture. 

1076. A council of German 
pope; Gregory excommunicates the 
Henry's enemies declare him deposed. 

1077. The emperor humbles himself before Gregory 
Vn. at Canossa and makes his peace; Rudolph of 
Suabia chosen as rival king. 

1080. Rudolph dies; Henry Iv. deposes Gregory for 
his intrigues against him, and causes Clement III. 
to be chosen as antipope. The struggle continues 
until 1085, when Henry triumphs over Gregory, 
who flees to Salerno, and dies in exile. 



bishops at Worms deposes 

emperor; 



1084. Rome sacked by the 
Normans. 



1086. The order of the 
Carthusians instituted 
by Bruno. 

1087. Pope VictoT III. 



1088. Pope Urban II. 



1092. Urban II. supports 
Conrad of Germany 
against his father. 



1085. Spain: -Toledo taken 
from the Moors by Al- 
fonso VI. (I.) of Leon 
and Castile. 

1086. Spain: — The Al- 
moravides invade Spain 
and crush the Castilians 
in the battle of Zallaca. 

1087. Prance:— War with 
England: Robert, duke 
of Normandy, opposes 
William Rufus. 



1092. Conrad, son of the 
emperor, rebels and is 
crowned king of Italy. 



1092 A.D, 



OF UNIVERSAL HISTORY. 



91 



A.O. 



Eastbrn Empire. 



England, etc. 



Thb World, elsewhere. 



1067 



1071 



1074 
-75 



1078 



1061 



1064 



Michael VI T., emperor 
Romanus IV. (Diogenes), 
co-emperor. He vali- 
antly but vainly opposes 
the Turks — is defeated 
and taken prisoner by 
Alp Arslan, at Manzikert 
(1071). 

Ban. the last Byzantine 
possession in Italy, taken 
by the Normans. 



Syria and Palestine sub- 
dued by Malek Shah, the 
Seljuk leader. 

Jerusalem taken. 



Nicepbonts III. 



Alexius I. (Comnenus) be 
comes emperor. The em- 

Sire invaded by Robert 
fuiscard, the Norman 
who defeats Alexius at 
Durazzo. 

Alexius repels the Normans 
from Larissa. 

After the capture of Jeru- 
salem, by the Turks, the 
Christian pilgrims are in 
suited, robbed , and op 
pr^ed This, together 
with the appeal of the 
Byzantines for aid, 
gives rise to the Cru- 
sades.— Great struggle 
between Christianity and 
Mohammedanism. 



1068-1069. National rising 
in the north and west 
relentlessly cnished by 
Wniiam. 

1070. The feudal system in 
troduced by theking. All 
the offices of the govern 
ment placed in the hands 
of Normans. The Nor 
man language intro- 
duced. 

Malcolm III. of Scot- 
land ravages Durham. 

Rising of English at 
Ely under Hereward the 
Wake. 

1072. Peace between the 
Normans and the Scots. 



1077. Robert, the king's 
son, raises a rebellion in 
Normandy. 

1079. Robert is defeated 
and submits. 



1086. The Doomsday Book 
compiled for all Eng- 
land, save the northern 
counties. 

1087. William invades 
France and dies at 
Mantes. 

WiUiam II. (Rufus) be- 
comes king. 

1088. Revolt of the Nor- 
man nobles under Odo 
of Bayeux. 



1067. Boleslav II.. of Po- 
land, tal»8 Kiefif. 



1076. Denmark;— Harold 

Whetstone. 

1077. Hungary: — Ladislas 
I., the Saint. 

1079. Poland:— Stanislas, 
bishop of Cracow, mur- 
dered. Boleslav II. 
excommunicated and 
dethroned. 
Vladislav I. 



1084. Italy: — Rome taken 
and sacked by the Nor- 
mans. 

Bohemia erected into a 
kingdom by the emperor 
Henry IV. 



1090. Sicily completely 
conquered by Roger the 
Norman, after a war of 
thirty years with its 
masters, the Saracens. 

1092. The Seljuk empire 
falls apart into a ntunber 
of smaller states. Ico- 
nium or Rotun. Damas- 
cus, Aleppo, Kerman, 
and Iran. 




TABULAR VIEWS 



.... 


PkooressofSocibtt. etc 


ECCLIIUIT 


CkL. FauiCB, GiuuHT, Spain. 


1093 












TbepopnoMii 


ue U» ■tiucBlsisiiiut the unpin. 

lOH. ValBDcui Mkoa by 
the Cid, 



e Turk! In dl 



The CoancQ of Cleimont. 
98. The Pint CRUSADE :— Peter thg Hermit uid Walter tl 
with a vut nibble, most of whom perigh before the warriar 



NAtheD Ben Jehial, Tewiih 



low. Pope Puchtl IL 



2. Hugh of^etuiMdoii. 

3. Robert of Nomuindv. 

4. Robert of Plsnden. 



1099. Spein— Death of the 
Cid and r«oveiv of 
Vtleada by the Uoon. 



OF UNIVERSAL HISTORY. 



Eastiu< Bmrbi. 



Europe (or aid ■ 



urope (oi 



pu> through ConiUul' 

lAldwui foundi the prto- 
ciwlity o( EdeoB. 

lattle of Dorylmm. 
which Hcures Che ourch 
of the cnoBileii Chrouflb 



JnoHlein Ulien b? t 



Cuterbury, 
lOM. Scot.i—Doiiald Bane, 

51S 



1008. Scotl«ad;— EdgkT. 



deaUUy ihot b> 
W»ller Tyre!. 
Henryl. (Beauc]en:)be- 
cann king, nuurieiMa- 
tildm, dkushur o( Mai- 
ccdru, a oeiceDdant of 
Edmund Ironndee. thui 
umtina the Nomum utd 
SaionlnUrciti. 
101. Henry giBnt* the 
Charter of Libertiti, 
Robert, duke of Nor- 
mandy, invadeiEogland. 



1106. Henry in' 

fi^h^^L 
Scotland 



Poland:— Bolalav 
Denmark : — Niela. 

llOj. Italy:— Venice, Ge- 
noa, and Pin grtatly en- 
ricbad by the Ciuudet. 



94 



TABULAR VIEWS 



1 1 08 A.D.- 



A.D. 



Progress op Socibty. 



ECCLBSXASTXCAL. 



Prancb. Germany, Spain. 



1118 The KnighU Templars 
founds. 



1120 



Hariri, Arabian poet. 

Anna Comnena, daughter 
of Alexius I., Eastern 
emperor, historian. 

Scholastic philosophy at- 
tains full development 
in the writings of Peter 
Abelard. 

Peter, the Lombard (Mas- 
ter of Sentences), scho- 
lastic. 

Geoffrey of Monmouth, 
historian. 

Aristotle's logic comes into 
repute through the Arab- 
ians. 

The revival of the study of 
the Civil Law under 
Imerius at Bologna. 



1111. Emperor Henry V. 
compels Paschal It. to 
renounce the right of 
investiture. 

1116. Invasion by the 
emperor catises the pope 
to flee from Rome, 

1118. Pope Gelasius IL 

1119. Pope Calixtus II. 



1123. First Lateran Council 

1124. Pope Honorius IL 



1108. Prance: — Louis VI., 
(L» Gros) becomes king, 
Abbd Suger, counsellor. 

llOd. Alfonso I. of Aragon 
rules over Leon and 
Castile in right of his 

1110. Ger.: — Henry V. 
enters I taly , and compel s 
the pope to crown him, 

1114. Henry V. marries 
Matilda, of England. 



1118. Spain: — ^Alfonso I. 
of Aragon captures Sar- 
agossa. 



1 125. Germany: — ^Lothair 
II., emperor. 

— opposed by Frederick 
and Conrad of Suabia. 

1126. Spaini-Alfonso VII., 
king, Leon and Castile. 



1140, Hugo of St. Victor, mystic. 



1128. Honorius struggles 
acrainst Roger, king of 
Sicily. 

1130. Innocent II. andAn- 
acletus II., rival popes. 



1137. A pretended Messiah 
in France. 

1138. — another in Persia 



1142 



The establishment of the 
Canon Law by the i^e- 
creium of Gratian. 

William of Malmcsbury, 
English historian. 

Otho, bishop of Freising. 
chronicler. 

Benjamin of Tudela, a Jew. 
travels from Spain to 
India.byConstantinople, 
and returns through 
Egypt. 

Henry of Huntingdon 
English chronicler. 



1139. Second Lateran 
Council. 



1143. Pope Celestine II. 

1144. Pope Lucius II. 

1145. Pope Eugenius III. 



1134. Spain:— Garcia IV., 
king of Navarre. 

Ramiro II., king of 
Aragon. 

1136. Lothair invades luly 
and overruns the south- 
em partof the peninsula. 

1137. Francei—Louis VII. 
(U Jeune), 

1 138. Germany: — House of 
Suabia. 

Conrad |fl., first of 
the Hohenstaufen em- 
perors. 

Dissensions of the 
Guelfs and Ghibelines. 

1139. Portugal becomes a 
kingdom after the battle 
of Ourique, under Al- 
fon.so I., of the House of 
BuTHundy. 



1146. The Almohades ir< 
vade Spain. 



1147. The Second Crusade preached by St. Bernard 
and joined by the emperor Conrad and Louis VII. of 
France. 



1 148 A.D. 



OF UNIVERSAL HISTORY. 



95 



A.D. 




England, btc. 



Thb World, elsewhere. 



1100 



1118 

1123 
1124 

1128 



1137 



Tripoli taken by crusaders 
and erected into a 
county for Raymond 
of Toulotise. 



John II. (Comnenus). 



The Patzinaks defeated at 
Berrhcsa in Thrace. 

Tyre taken by the cru- 
saders. 



John n. wages successftil 
war against the Turks. 



John II. defeats the Arme- 
nians of Cilida. 



1114. Matilda, daughter of 
Henry I., mames the 
emperor Henry V. 



1143 Manud Conmenus be- 

comes emperor, 

1144 Edessa retaken by the 

Turks, gives rise to the 
Second Crusade. 
114a Thebes and Corinth plun 
derad by the Sicilians. 

1147 Paihir« of the Second 

1148 Crusade after enormousl 

I lOSMS. • 



1120. Shipwreck and death 
of Prince William. 



1124. Scotland:— David I. 
promotes civilization. 



1127. Matilda, daughter of 
Henry I,, marries Geof- 
frey Plantagenet. 



1117. Persia: — Sanjar sub« 
dues Khorasan and 
Samarkand. 



1121. Norway: Sigurd the 
Jerusalemite, kmg. 



1135. Stephen of Blois. 

1136. Matilda asserts her 
right to the throne: 

David, king of Scot- 
land, assists her. 

1138.— is defeated in the 
" battle of the Standard" 
at Northallerton. 



1130. Civil war: Stephen 
and Matilda. 

1141. Stephen made pris- 
oner at the battle of 
Lincoln. 



1 127. Roger of Sicily brings 
about the union of Sicily 
and Naples. 

China: Kaou-Tsung, em- 
peror; during his 
reign the Neu-che or 
Kin Tartars conquer the 
country to the Yang-tse- 
Kiang. 

1135. (1130?). Sweden:— 
Sverker I. 



1147 (about). Russian- 
Moscow rises to rank of 
a city. 



( 



TABULAR VIEWS 



BccLEiuincu.. 



Pbanci, Guu(*ht, SrAiN, 



(o^iii). Uaivenity 
Aben En». of Toled 



11S3,P 



IV. 



IIU. Pope Hadriu IV. 

(an BnBJuhmui, Nlcbo- 

iMBmklupaare). 
llfiS, AnuliI, of BrMcU. 

condanuiod And burnt. 
use. Order of the ~ 
litH (DBtiCuted. 



Anion. »fter»»nU 
t of Ensland; thui 
sone »nd Poitou »re 



IM. The electonil oollege 



8 Bulk at Venice sUbUihsd 



1164. Puchkl til.. 



1157. Sp^^-CMtUe and 



.-joltdyui 

of RoncA£lia d«l^iie« the 
right* of the Lombard 



i7 (aioHf). Oxford ic 

Colleaes^ t heology . pi 

EnffliAn commerce ct>nf]n«l 1. 
to the expoTUtioa of 



li HAT. Rome ta: 
!- lifts. CalUtiu 






OF UNIVERSAL HISTORY 



Bunuut Bhtiu. 






1162. Henry Pbntuoigt 

mvadM HDgload. 
153. Treaty of Wkllioc- 
fori glvs (ucceaioD to 

IM^iimry IL, (PUnta- 



IfiS. Sw«den:^Brle IX. 

Ifi6. Jkpui: — BeginniDa 
of war bstwsen tha cIjum 



11S7. Deiunark: — Valda- 



108. Vcnlca ■ gnat 
marltims power. 
ISO. Sweden: — KariSrar- 






nud by ths 
HniokepU 



.IBS. Scotland: — WilKain 

ties. Anin of CUimdor 

n^ulatiag the admin 

liMCion ot juMice. 



England^ and !■ i 



Henry makefl i 
Bimafle to the ahri 

17S. The AhIu of N 



167. Italy:— Learie ti 
ths Italian citjea to pre- 
lerva thsir llbertiea 



1173, Poland:— 



TABULAR VIEWS 



A.-. 


P.,»„...,So.,„.™ 


^„.,„„.^. 


Pkakcb, GiBMUiy, SpatH. 






1179. Innocaot (III.) UIti 








the sacred Scripture! 
They were (he foremn 

Eleventh Genenl Coun 
eil, and severely peise- 

Eleventh Gen^Ttoun 
118i:Popa Lucius III. 

IIBS. Pope Urban III. 




1180 


Robert Wace, An^-Nor 

man poet. Tranriation 

John T»t»s, Greek Biam 

Mai non). Jewish theo 
Roger, of Hoveden. chroo 


1180. Pnncer— Philip II., 

Hmy the Lion de- 
prived of Bavaria and 

U83,"Thi Peace of Con- 

Is- — 




Treatise on Engli.h law 
ascribed to Raoulph de 










""pfi-ciSSfS'"- 


1188. Spain^AUonsolX. 


1189 


Massacre ot the Jewj. at 

Tnionic order instituted 
Abu Bekr ibn Tophail 


1191. Pope CelettiM IH. 


1190. Ger.:— Henry VI., 




*=-^'«S3- 




MM. The two Kciliea 
united to the empire. 






1198. Pop* Innoemt III. 


1198. Philip, ot Suabia, 
and Otho, of Brunswick, 
dispute the German 

and the latter by the 
Guelfs, 



OF UNIVERSAL HISTORV. 



Bastbrh EHFiaB. 



U Aletlu* III. bocomai < 



Thi Wdhld, eUewhere. 



remilates the natipna: 


1182. Deomart:— Canul* 


"""'"'■ 


1183. Saladin take. Aleppo. 


185. John.in Ireland. 


1185. Portuaal:— Samho 




Japan: — The Taiia 

battle of Dumoura and 
eiterminated. The Mina- 
moto in supremo control 
uniier Yontomo, 
llSe.Thelaitof theChai- 

tnn. oveithrown by 



189. Richard 1. (Cif 
Lion) becomea Icine. he 
engage! in the Thlnd 



Tbird Cnuade. 
Richard, retumi 



1B3. John plotj to 

the cnimi in the abteiice 
of Richard. 



victory of Tiberias, a 
takes Jerusalem. »hi 
leads to 
18B. The Third Cmsad 



:. Kirigilom of Cyprui 



TABULAR VIEWS 



*.,..' 


PnoaBia* of Socistt. etc.l Bccuuubticu., i Francs, Gbkhahv, SrAin. 








the *eculu power fuDy eeCabliihed. 


1200 


Tha University of Bolosu 
VUlehaTdaumTSuo Glio- 


1200. The pope pl«M Frmnco under M interdjrt. 








maticu*. chnmicler*. 


It^U 




Amelric of Bent and D>vid 






of Dinut, mynlo. 










1Z04. NomuDdy imlud to 








Frmnce. 














1208. Crjude w*iQ>t the 


rival emnero^. dies attd 






AlbisFTws. 


Otho is crowned as Otho 


1209 


The order of Pnnaxan fi 


an initScuted. 


IV. 

Assault on the count of 




Cambridge Univenity 




Toulouse, protector of 




founded (Olw-I). 




1210. Germany :-K)tho ex- 












end Trouvirts inPoince ; 












1212. Spain:— The Chris- 








tians sain the battle of 








Navas de Tolos^ de- 
cisive m the control at 

1214. Gemuny:— Otho 
and the English defeated 














by the French in the 








battle of Bouvine'. 






1215. Fourth L«tM«n. knd 


1215. Frederick ][„ em- 






Wellth General Council 








Agiiiut the AJbigeniei 








■nd bU he>«t>u. The 








doctrinei of traniub 








































1218. Pope Honorius III 








1217 The Fifth Cn»ade 


1217. Spado:— 8>iot Perd^ 






under Andrew II., ki.w 


narxd, kiOB of Castile. 






otHungBiy. 





I2I7 A.D. OF UNIVERSAL HISTORY 



BusniM BupntB. 



aldwin Qt Finn- 



ion Lucmi_ __ 

r, •ecDnil L^li 



Peter of Coartetuy be- 



1300. Japui:— Tbe d«th 
of Yontomo ii follomd 
br the (all o( Miounota 



1201. EogUod 1< 
muldy. Mtii 



1300. Innocent III. orden 

Lanston u wcbbuhop 
of Canterbury. 
I20S. The ^kiogdom bid 



1213. Tfaa papa declare 

John a usurper anc 
Olden PUlip of Fianc 
to invade England; Johi 



13 U. Stotlaod: — Aleian' 



131S. Henry III. become* 
fiiirl of Pemt 



1302. Denmarlc:- 



300. Gencbia Khan be- 
comea emperar of thf 
Uonsola. 

The death of Uahmud 
of Gbor is followed by the 
diKnemberment of hii 

"^e nltanate of Delhi 



1217. Norwar^— BacoIV, 



TABULAR VIEWS 



. Progress op Socibtt, etc. 



Univenity ot Padua 



BCCI.IBMBTICAL. 






under, ot H>la, 



The University of 8<J«' 



rhe University o 



1241. Pope Celettine IV. 

The PUgelluita. 
1243. Pope Innocent IV. 
" — ■ — ' atrugila 



Predeiick. 
IZ4A. Geneni Counci 
Lyons prodaimi d 
■ition of Pnderick 1 



The order of Celertlnc 



Fhahci. Ghruaht. Sp«ih. 



1226. Prance'— Louis IX. 

ot BUncho of Cattile. 

of the empenir after be- 

230. ^>ain^ — CaKile and 
Leon united by Ferdi- 
Dand III., who talles 
Cordova, Seville, and 
Cadii from the Noon. 



1241. The Honso1a.der< 






Teutonic Knights 
" I Sileiians at 
,1.— The begin- 
the Haiueitic 



[40. Henry of Thuringia 

!47. Wmiain. of Holland. 
124S. France:— Louis IX. 



124S. He 



defes 



OF UNIVERSAL HISTORY. 



Eaitbkm Ehpikb. 



1 Robert becomi 



7 Baldwin II„ lole ruler. 



1242 ThaitoBgo\aiaAi 



S Vfetoricnwcainpd^attht 



Thb Wokld. slBwhne. 






1221, Ppftou occupied by I: 



the nktioiial 
t MonfolikD in- 



. It»ly:- 



PndericlE II. of G«- 



1240. Ricbud, eari of l: 



Ommll. heads »\, 
lucccnfui crusade. 



1342. Hmrr III. makei 



' Batu Khan. 



1242. Alexand 



1349. Scotland:— Aleiao- 
derlll. 

— Rapuliea Haeo, : 
of Norway — obtain* 
Scottiih Iilea. 



I3S0. Egypt:— The Mame- 



12S8. Ths PnviiiODS of i: 



Ikiinmng af the great 



TABULAR VIEWS 



*.o. 




EcCLBBUBTtCU.. 


PuHCK. Ghuumt. Spam. 




Private war and judldjU 


1261. Pope Urban IV. 
He offer* the crown 












Fmnce by the lawi of 


of Kdly to Chuiea o 






St. Loui^ 


Anion.' 




ises 


Parliament io England. 
The monastic order* by 


1265. Po[>a Qemant IV. 






their wealth, rigid dii- 


IZH. The pope succeed, in hja long Mnwgle tor the 




cipline. and popular ia 


dominion oi »uChem Italy, and places Charie* ol 




fluence become power- 


Aniou on the throne of Maple*. 




ful aid! to pontifical 








Mibition. 


1268, No pope for about 








thmyeart. 


126B. Pragmatic Sanction 
—foundation of the 
liberties of the Galilean 


1270 






1270,"Fn;nce:— Louis IX. 
sees out on his second 




Thonuu Aquinu, greateat 




crusade, and dies before 




of •cholietio. 




Tunis — succeeded bv 
—Philip III. (The Bold). 




Alhertui Magnia. phUoeo- 


1271. Pope Gregory X. 


1271. Toulouse falls to tf 




Pher. 




French crown. 




Alfonso X..tEe Learned. 


1273. Gregorv receive* the 
county of VomusBn. 


1273. Ger,:— Rudolph, em. 










of Cutile. 


1274. General council at 








of the Eastern and Western Churches. 






'"'■•^I'JSSS'V: 


1276. France at war with 




three great courts of law 






in Bnoland. Exchequer, 
King's Bench. and 


" John XXI, 












Common Plcai, 


1277. Pope Nicbolaa III., 
enriching his family at 






Marco Polo travels in the 












1278. Ottokar II. ot Bo- 








hemia QvMthnjwn by 
Rudolph and the Bo- 


12S0 


Roger Bacon, of Oxford, 

^°^^ 'it f mSSSi 
chronicle ot England. 







OF UNIVERSAL HISTORY. 



Michael pAlKohvu* em- 

recover! Ccmitactmople 
mnd overthraw* the Latin 



aBponry 
Latin Chi 



I^Ein Chuich. 



1263 (obmO. Atozandi. 
III. of Scotland defMta 
Norweffioni at Laivs. 



1205. Pint rcsularp 



1260. Biban hecoBKH mi- 
tan of Esypt. 

1202 (aicui). Nomy:— 
Iceland Bubiected. 

Greenland tributary 
lo Norway. 

1263. Ua«niu IL Idns. 

1264. China:— Kublai 



l£an' 



1276. Sututs of West- 
liter iipaiied.eRect. 



IS78. All Jen in Bnsland 
arreated oo the cRikrge 
of clippins the «i<~ 

1279. 'Hie Statute 
MortoMia paned. 



1266. Macntu, of Norway 



V. b^mea Idna. 



1272. HuncaiT: '^'"tl*T 



1279. Swaden:— tfaeni 



Poland:— Leaco II, 
icomea Icing. 

Portugal: — Dinla tha 

12Sa"NorwBy:— Eric II. 

Kiib™iKh£n. emperor 
of all China, founder of 
tlw Uoncol dynattir. 



TABULAR VIEWS 



A.D. 


P........,S„c,„,.„. 


ECCLBUASTICAL. 


Frahcb, Gbrkant. Spaim, 






1281. Pope llartiD IV.; be 










12M. Germanyi-Rudolph 
inveiuhti lona with the 






Cbarlea of Anjou in the 






lattet'l conteat with the 


duchies of Austria. 








Styria, and Camiola. 






Mkhael PalHilogus and 








Pet« III. ot Aragon. 








128*. Pope Honoriu* IV. 


Spain:— AlfoniD III.. 














king of Angoa. 






12SB. Pope Nicbola. IV. 
















1290 


&imb™(Urt«>B)Ul>d. 

Raymond Lultr, phUoM- 

pher. Klxdar, and 

Th^thi Rhymer, Scot. 








modem painten at 




1291. Sp«ln>-J»me» li- 








king of Aragon. 




Arao;fodiUpoordeCam 


1292. The papal ct»ir 


1292. Germany:— Adolph 




bio. the father of modem 


Pope Boniface VIII. 
The papacy renews its 


the FmJh'' °""^ ' 




t^^tB^ci"^'^"- th. 




Cnuada waj great — 


12B5. Spain:- FeniinAnd 




enpanding the mind ol 




IV.. king of C«itile and 




Europe — refining the 


maey. 








1298. Struggle. with 


Wir declared between 




citing a spirit of gmgra 


Fiance. 


England and France. 




phi™i nscarchand ad- 


The Bull Cimri. 






venture — and promotmg 








and (ciencei — thui un- 




canton of Schwyz in ita 




Lt^uii IX. 








righu. 












of medievaliim by sd 








vaneing liberal ideai anc 








R.'pw'SranJWcivU 








iialion. —Revival of an 












"^JS'SSK-^Vt 


















grew oi liberty. 




Albert 1.. K.n of Ru- 


1300 


Ormin, author of the 0nniiji.ni. a book of bomUiea io 


dolph, of Hapsl urg, 




the old Eogliib dialect. 








The Uariner'i Compaas 


1302. The Bull Unam 








SdHflaM aaaerti the au 


the States -General in 




Cioia. native of Amalfi 


premacy of the Church 


France having repre- 






sentativea from the 




Univenity at Avignon re 


1303. Pope Boniface VIII 








diea. 


The French defeated 




D«Qte, tbe lather o 


Pope Benedict XI. 


by the Fiemingi at 




modem Italian poetry 


Courtiai. 




flouii>h«. 


declin^ '"'^ '™'" 





OF UNIVERSAL HISTORY. 



Bastbbh Bmpiri. 



2 Andnmiciu II. 



8 Othnuui beflio* lo lay tbt 
foundBtions of ths Turk- 
power in AuA Uiiwr, 



12BZ. Llewellyn of Wall 



1284. W&lei lubjuSBtBd. 

1289. The lecond Statuti 
' Weitmiiuter eflect: 
ipoTtant reforma ir 



IZBZ. ^cilian Vapen : 
Manacrc of the Prencb 
in Sicily. Peterof Aragan 
invited to rule Sicily. 

1284. Genoese destroy the 
PiuD power ntUefoiia. 

1285. SepaiBtion of Sicily 
fnim Kipltt. 



lS9a. Jew* expelled fmm l: 
England. 
The Statute of Q^ia 

Mttand^fiSttTof Mar- 






oeluliea — end of tl 



The Genoeae obuia 

tiade of the Black Sea, 
and liia to gnst power. 



e 1291. The League of 

-' Forest Canton* in S 

Hiland organited. 



t2«7. Edward iaauea t 
CoHfirmatu Cartarum. 
Scotland:— Sir Willii 
Wallace.— Sir Wlllii 
DougLas. Robert Brut 



1208. The Si:ou'%eaL.. .. 
- Falkirk by King 



B. Genoa defeati Venice 
t CunoU. 

9. Venice cDncluda a 
mty with the Turki, 

1301 , Hungary:— Death of 






of tba Byiantinei. 



TABULAR VIEWS 



71 


p.„„...,s„..„.« 


EC=1»,AST.CX.. 


PSAHCB. GbKHANT. SpaIM. 




Amid the itruralei of the 
Guelfa and ChibcIIioH 




1304. France is victorious 




130S. Pope aenuDt V. 


over Flanders. 




Italy becomes [ha cradle 




Germany :— The Swiss 








towTis riH into impor- 


1301 


improving civiliuljoa. 

Univenity at Orloaiu n- 




House of Hapsburo. 
1306. Persecution of the 




cogniiHt by Paoat BuU 
(foooded about 1220). 




Jews in Prance: they 














country. 
















Knights Templars in 








Prwree. 


1308 


"<^"iil by pt^^"{. 




130S. Germany :— Henry of 








.309 


University at Coimbra (re- 
moved from LisbOD.) 


130B. Seat of the popei 
undefthe^atroTof Ch' 


"^"S£°^SS'"' 




Duos Scoius, celebrated 


French king, in whose 






scholastic (d. about 


interests its power* a« 






I308-) 








Knights of St. John 




1310. The House of Lux- 




establish themielvM at 








Rhodes. 




Bohemia. 




The barons in Englar^d ex- 


1311. General CouncU at 






tort from Edward IT- 


Vienne.Orter of Knights 










1312. Lyon, united to 




Parliament. are to be 




France. 




held every year, and to 




Spaint— Allonso XI. 

i3f;'&.s;?-"i^u"is of 




agpoint to all impotlant 










Bavaria, and Frederick 








of Austria, contend for 






1314. Another vacancy in 


13H. France:— Louis X.. 






tho papal chair of more (Hutin) becomes kinR. 






than tWo year*. 


131S. Battle of Monarten 
—the Austrians defeated 
by the Swis.^. 






1316. Pope John XXII. 


hshed'nS??! eltcluding 
women from the throne. 


1321 


Daate die*. 








UarsiUus of Padua up 




1322. France: — Charles 




holds individual freedom 




IV. becomes kins 




of faith and the secular 




















uken prisoner. 






1324. Beflinninii of the 
contest of the popes 


1321. Germany: — Louis 








134B 




with Louis of Bavaria. 


XXII.— appeals to a 




Archbishop of Canter- 








bury, and celebrated 


1327. Louis proclaimed 
emperor at Uilan. 











OF UNIVERSAL HISTORY. 



EUTIKN BupiKm. 



Tlw Koigbt* of St. John 

of TeniHlem vstabUihea 

1 The Cauluu conqui 



:l CivQ war between A: 



isae D 

1337 N 



land ■ubmlti. 



130fl. Scotlud:— Upiiains 



repeated advantacM, 



1310. Bn^.; — The nobles 



1314. Edward 11. invade 
Scotland, and ii de 
feaud at the battle a 
Bannockbum. 

1315. Tbe power !• In th 



1323. Lancaster i 
1323. Truce betw* 



1337. Bdwaidllt.b 



Tai World, diBwhen. 



300. HuDsai, 
Robert a Anjou, 

NaplM:— Robert, ine 

dominion of Italy. 

13in. Italy:— The Council 

311. luly— Mattoo Vla- 
conli, loTTl of Ullan, 
reitored by the emperor. 



loni of Lucot and Piia.' 



1327. lulvi— Invaded by 



TABULAR VIEWS 



1328 A.D.- 



. PHOOBBSI OP SOCIKT 



Pbahck. Gkrhaht. Spaii 



'.. 1334. Pops Bmwdict XII. 



5 Gndf litemtui* revivi 

rch. — Luctiui 
a on Homer 

Giottino, Florentine pa 



election of a GErman 






ColODna UI1] 



1342. Pope aement VI. 
)wn to Roger Bacon 
icracy at Rome, under Riena, the Ust a! the 



Ed'waid HI. and thi' 
Flemings under Arta- 

fort. that the pope had 

electon needed no pajwl 

Louis Bides with the 
English a ■" 



Prince,— Fmch deftat- 
«d at Crtcy. 

Germany:— Charles 
IV emperor and king 



1352. Pope Innocent V. 



135*. Rienii killed. ._ 
tore* the papal 1^' 



1358. Gerrnany: — Pronin!- 
— -■an of the Golden 

e " Imperie! elec- 
and regulalini! the 

'i^Joh^dt- 

ra.'^harl«"hi 



featslandtakenpr 



I3S6 A.D. 



OF UNIVERSAL HISTORY. 



*.» 


Baitikh Eupiri. 


B„„....... 


Tna World, elsewhere. 


1328 


Aodronkiu III. becomes 


1328. Peace between Scot 


1328, Uotcow under the 






land and England. -The 








independence of Scot 








land actcnowled Red. 




1320 


Andnuunii III. defeated 


l32e.ScatUnd:— I&vidn 




U30 


NloM UJies. 


and Baliol cn.»^3*bul 














Mjon eipelled. 








1333, Battle of HoJidon 


1333, Poland:— Casiniir 














doai7onu^t?Edi»riy 


China:— Shun-te laat 

■iicceedi, 

jBpan:--Pall of the 

13|tt)."'^irth of Tl- 








I33fl. ■IgP^j"'^ "^ of 






Hundred Yeaia War. 








1340. I^B victory of Hel- 


1340. Denmari.:— Walde- 






.JfeSEia"' 


ami III, 




peror. 


1342. Hungary: — Loui* 




13*6, BMtleofCrfcy. 


the Gr«it^ 






Scotch defeated at 








Neville's Cro-., 








1347, Siege and capture of 


13*7, Italy:— Rienri. the 


ISM 


lobn VI. (Caotacuienui) 


Calaia 


laat of the Tribunes. 




co-«iip«ror; abdicata 


1348-49, The BlacliDcMh 


rules at Rome. 






inEoabuid. 


1380, Italy:— Naval war 






1351. Statute of Provinr., 


between Venice and 


13SI 


■^SS'A.'S:: 




Genoa. 


ISM 


piie. in Cbe Boanmii. 
Turki leiie Gallipoli in 




13S4. Italy:- Rienti killed 




Europe. 




^;l?£v,5SS«..cn«bed 














by the Genoese at 








Sapienta. 






13S6. Edward, the Black 


13A6, War between Hun- 






PrliK«. xain* the battle 


gary and Venice, 






of Poitlen. John of 








Prance made priMmer, 








Two yeara- truce. 





TABULAR VIEWS 



ECCLHIAITICAI.. 



1356 A.D.- 



Petnrch aad Boccaccki, 



IB J«aellontui UnivvnKr 



Geoffrey Chaucer, father of 
EnsJilh poetry (a. 1340- 
1400). 

John Gower{a. 1326-1408). 



Ujnteria plared in France. 
Wlcklifle's translation ol 



Univenity of Heidelberg 

Proissarl's Chnnklii. 
Birth of Jan Van Eyck. 

--" ented oil paioting. 



13SS. Ths people of Puis 
attaio Dower under Eti- 

1358. The riijng of the 



'fs?^---'- 


territory to England by 

the peace of Bretijtny. 

1364. France:— CharleiV. 




13e5'^u CueKlin invade* 
l?tir"th%"^.,i?'S?<5S'. 



1370. Fope Gregory XI. 



1377. Gresorr XI retuni' 

<— _ tZr. — ^ to Romi 

Babytoniai 



iptivlly. 



'"Clmeot^l.l 
ledged in Fiana 
and Scotland, 



386. tlrban VL beitov 
Naples upon Louis < 
Anjou. who 'ii oppoH 



1367. Tbe Prench deieated 
by the Black Prince at 
ffaieia INavairetel. 



13TS. Bngliih low their 



the Flemings 
by the V'renc 
velde killed. 



, Ja«llo{\';ad 
foandi Jigelk 
nasty in >o!ani 
1388. Leopold 



OF UNIVERSAL HISTORY. 



*.D. 


Eabtirm Ehtiu. 


Bholahd. etc. 




131W 




13W. SdwBid acain bi- 






Tuiki. 


■ sS'^SS-B-to,. 






of Adiianople. 


1366. The Black Prince 
"m"' St»tute of Kil 


1363. Timur beeiiii bUca- 






Icenny ralating to In- 


by the Hanaeatic fleet. 






U»d. ^ 


China:— Hung Woo 


1360 




1360. Renewed war with 




tioo with the pope io the 






t»pe of •ecuiTng aid 


makes Samarcand the 




againit the Turin. 


in France. 


1370. Poland : — Bxtinctun 






1371. Scotland :— RaberC 


of the loyal nee of 


1373 


Treaty of peace with the 
Ottoman*; the emperof 


ll.-^heHoiueofStu^: 


Piaiu with CMimir III. 




becomea a VBsaal ol the 


1376. Death of the Black 








Prince. 
1377. Richard 11. becoma 




1378 






1378. Italy:— The riiiBg of 








the Ciompi in Pionnce. 




Manuel: he esapa after 








two year*. 




netians at Pola and take 

Genoese captund next 

I3la"*Ru«ia: — Dimitri. 


1361 


The empin pay* tribute 


1381. PeaHuU' Revolt (in~ 
■umction oE Wat 


grand duke at Moscow, 




to the TurlST 


victorkiu. over the Tar- 






Tyler). 


tin at Kulikovo. near 
1382. The Tartais laclt 






1384. The Scots, auisted 


Moicow. 






by Prance, Invade Eng- 








Und. 








1386. The Bnaliah bum 


13SS.Warbetw«enAustria 






Edinburgh. 


and Sw-ilierland, 
1386.— Battle of Sempaeh: 

1386-87. Timor conquers 

g^^&jiNoAl;! 






13SB. Battle o( Otter- 








boume (Chevy ChaK). 





TABULAR VIEWS 



1389 A.D.- 



. Pkoobbu or SociBTr,Bl 



BcCLBtlkftWAL. 



PRtHCI. Gib U ANT, 



13S9. Pope BoDifue IX. 



13S3. The powc 



pop« over the tnghsl 
thurcb limimi by th 
Sutute of Pmnunin 



[. 13M. Gam 



IMO. Ger.z— Rupert e 



1«M. Pope Innocent 
1400. Pope Cnsory XII. 



\. Spsin:— John II.. of 



;c IMB. The Counca of 1 
deposes Grcsoiy 
Benedict, and e1< 



1408. Vumii III., king 



"popeSSETxXUL* 



1410. France:— Civil wu 
Orlwni «nd BGniundy. 



,12. The pope eicomi 
Qiotes Jahn Huu. 



1414. Council of ConaUDce. 

1415. John Huh ud Je. 1 
iDine o( Pnsue (14IS1 



Borland , at Agini 



I4i6 A.D. 



OF UNIVERSAL HISTORY. 



115 



A.D. 



Eastern Empirb. 



1389 The Servians defeated in 
the battle of Kossovo 
by the Turks. — Bajazet 
I. , sultan of the Turks. 

1391 Manuel II. emperor. 



1396 



England, etc. 



Thb World, elsewhere. 



Battle of Nicopolis. — 
Sigismund, of Hungary 
aided by French crusa- 
ders, defeated by Baja 
zet I. 



1402 Bajazet defeated and 

made prisoner by Timur 
at the battle of Angora. 

1403 Empire of the Turks di- 
vided after death of 
Bajazet, amoi^ Solirmaa 
I., Musa, ana Moham- 
med I. 



1413 



Mohammed I. sole ndtr 
of the Turks. 



1390. Scotland:— Robert 
III. 

Persecution of the 
WickUfitcs. 

1393. The Statute of Prfe- 
mtmire. 



1398. Henry of Lancaster 
banished. 

House of Lancaster:- 

1399. Henry IV. becomes 
king. Richard II. de- 

1401? Rebellion of Owen 
Glendower. 

1402. Scotch defeated at 
Homildon Hill. 

1403. Rebellion of the 
Percys, who are defeated 
at the battle of Shrews- 
bury. 

1406. Scotland:— James I. 



1389. Turks defeat Ser- 
vians at Kossovo. 



1392. Timur subjugates 
Persia. 



1397. Union of Calmar 
forming Denmark, Swe- 
den, and Norway into a 
single monarchy. 

1398. Invasion of India by 
Timur; he takes Delhi. 

Italy: — Pisa falls un- 
der the yoke of the 
Visconti. 



1408. Henry Percy. Earl 
of Northumberland de- 
feated and killed at 
Bramham Moor. 



1413. Henry V. becomes 
king. 

1414. — claims the French 
crown. 

1415. — gains the battle of 
Agincourt. 



1405-06. Italy:— Pisa con- 
quered by Florence. — 
Subjugation of Padua 
and Verona by Venice. 



1408. Ladislas of Napl< 
seizes Rome. 



1 410. The Teutonic Knights 
defeated by the Poles at 
Tannenbeng. 



1412. Denmark, Norway, 
etc.: Eric VII.. of Pom- 
erania, becomes king. 

1413. Sack of Rome by 
Ladislas. 



1415. Conquest of Ceuta 
by the Portuguese. 



TABULAR VIEWS 



. Prookbu o* Socisn, e 



BccuBumcu.. 



Pkancb. Ghuuht. Spin 



O PortugucM cnpIonU 

Afnu piDmoted by 
Henry (be Navigmtoi. 



6 Univenitr of Lo 
roundea. 

The arts promoted in Italy 
by COimo de' Medici. 

1430'Bagland increaMs fa 

I trade with the Uedi 

Fra FUippo Lippl, painM 
Gnrgc of PeuTbuh. ■ 

Ord™f theGoFden rtewe 
founded. 
1431 (r)'nie Aeoret diicovered. : 






■f 1411>. Sisiamtmd claims the 

1420. TrKtyof Troy'eapm- 

of tbe Icitw of Bnvland to 
the Prmeli throne. 



CbarlH vr,— Henry VI. 
pnicUlmed at Pahi kins 
of Pnnce and England^ 
Charlei VII. pro- 
daimed Icing at Poitien. 

1<2B. Orleani bested by 

the Englilh. 
1439. — laved by Joan ot 



,. _ „ain Paris, 

1430. Joan of Arc Ukei 
piieaner, by the Bnfllid 

tbe following year. 



of fiule. 



I. The pope expelled 






1*37 U 
1438 U 



I Bee. ruler of Sanur- 
d and ailivnomer, 
ipileshisStarTahles, 

I). PrJnKog from . 
I'able type. Guten- 



n 1438. Pragmatic San 



I43S. Geimany'— House of 
hernia and Hungary). 



1439. Eugeniiu IV de- 
gued by the Coun " 



n.(LouU XI.), rebels. 



OF UNIVERSAL HISTORY. 



BuTBRM EumB. 



1420. TrBBly p£ Troy 
daughter qS Chajls! 



12 Amunth II. mulLca an 
nicccsifii) MSDult 
CoiutAnClnople, 



1 li dKlund 
._j Froneh crown. 
1*22. Death of Henry V. 
Henry VI. become) 

ItzTrhs duks of Bodfon] 
defeat! the French at 

1438. — baueges Orleans. 

113ft, The aiKB raiud by 
■ " IdifOi- 



1431. Hovr VI. ctmnied 



: emperor vbdti Italy 
obtain bdp aninit 
he Tutla— mibrnTt* to 



1438. Truce with Scotland. 



Bohemia:— HoMlta 

DiKovery of Madeira 
the Portii^ueie. 



US4. Bohemia:— Death of 
John Ziaka. tb> Hunite 

1426. Italy:— War of the 
lulie of W 



1434. Poland:— Vladiala* 



ii8 



TABULAR VIEWS 



1442 A.D.- 



A.D. 



pRooRBss 07 Society, etc. 



ECCLBSIASTICAL. 



Prancb. Gbrmant.Spaik. 



1446 



1447 



Birth of Perugino, founder 
of the Roman school 
of painting, teacher of 
Raphael. 

Library of the Vatican 

founded. 
Regiomontanus, German 

astronomer. 



1450 



1453 



Flourishing period of 
Flemish trade.— All Eu- 
ropean nations have 
warehouses at Bruges 
and Ghent. — Book trade 
at Mayence. 

Pletho and Bessarion, 
Italians, further the re- 
vival of Platonism. 

The fall of Constantinople 
brings Greek scholarship 
to Italy and accelerates 
the progress of the 
Renaissance. 



1447. Felix V. resits in 
favor of pope Nicholas 

1448. Concordat of Sienna 
or Aschaffenburg, by 
which the relations of 
the German church to 
the papacy are es-i 
tablishea. 



1444. France : — establish- 
ment of the companies of 
Archers, the nrst na- 
tional standing army. 



1448. Maine and Anjou 
regained by the French. 

1449. The greater part of 
Normandy overrun by 
the French. 



1451. Germany: — Expedi- 
tion of Frederick III. 
to Rome. 



1453. Austria made an 
archduchy by Frederick. 

End of the French and 
English wars. 



OF UNIVERSAL HISTORY 



John Hunyady defi 



ny^ defuts thi 

I of Sunder 
ory over cb< 
u Niau. 



e Turin; Servia and 



HohamnKd II.. niltan < 



Siege Biid capton of Con- 



1444. Tnice with Pnnce. 

1445. MatTiue of Henr^ 



MaiTiase o 
to Musi 



1447. GlouMRcr (rmted 



1450. InioiTsctioD of Jat 
Cad*;— CKllinc binuelf 



The Viidooti b«onn 
extinct in Milan. 
448. Denmirk:— Chriitiai 
I., o( OldenbucB, be 
cDDiei king.. 



Sforu, duln of UUan. 



TABULAR VIEWS 



. pBOaBIWOFSoCIITT.etc. 



Nkholu of Cub. philooo- 
pbical wilMr, mvlu tbe 
traiuition bom medieval 
to Pmai— nrn cbouffht^ 

Philip da ComloM. Prencb 






Bmclahd. Scotland, 



lint IwtUe i 

ScotUnd:- _. 

between the kins > 
Bilatocnxy for pow 



WaWtid. 



St. Atbuu. Bdw»: 
Earl of Mwuh pr 

ward IVrOaim t) 
battle of Towtoa. 



14e9.WBiwicllbani*htd. 

1470. Edward IV. flees 

1471. Battle o( Barnet: 
— Warwick dain. Bat- 
tle o( Tewlteabnry 



14ei.LoBl> 



with Cha 
let of Bui 



1489. Mar- 



1475 A.D. 



OF UNIVERSAL HISTORY. 



121 



A.D. 



Gbriiant. 



Italy. 



OTTOMAlf 

Empirb. 



Thb World, elsewhere. 



1456 



1458 



1462 



Hunyady defends Belgrade 
•gainst the Turks. 



fiCatthlas Corvinus chosen 
king of Huxigary. and 
George Podiebrad, of 
Bohemia. 



1454. Peac 
of Lodi 
tween Milan 
and Venice 



PeacJ 
li be4 



Insurrection in Vienna. 
The empeTX)r besieged 
in his court — delivered 
by Podiebrad, of Bohe- 
mia. 



1468 



1471 



1472 



1455. Com- 
plete as- 
cendency of 
Cosmo de 

Medici in 
Florence. 

1458. The 
French 
rule in Ge- 
noa. 

Pope 
Pius II. 
(iCneasSil- 
vius.) 



1456. Turks 
repulsed at 
Belgrade 
which is de 
fended by 
Hunvady 
and Capis- 
trano. 



1454. Poland: — Confirm- 
ation of the national 
liberties in the statute 
of Niessawa. 

1454. Poland:— War 
with the Teutonic 
Order. 



War between Bohemia and 
Hungary. 



Vladislav, son of Casimir 
IV. of Foland, becomes 
king of Bohemia. 



University of Ingoldstadt 
founded. 



14G3. War of 
Venice with 
the Turks. 



1464.Pieix>de' 
Medici at 
Florence. 

P ope 
PaulIlT 

1466. Gale- 
azzo Maria 
S f o r s a 
duke of 
Milan. 

1469. Lorenxo 
de' Medici 
succeeds 
Piero. 



1463. 
with 
ice. 



War 
Ven 



1458. H u n g a r y: — 
Matthias Corvinus — 
makes his coimtry 
formidable to her 
neighbors. 



1462. Russia:— Ivan III, 
the Great succeeds. 



1466. Peace of Thorn.— 
East Prussia a fief of 
Poland. — West Prus- 
sia ceded to Poland. 

1468. Usun Haoan. mas- 
ter of all Persia. 



1471. Sixtus 
IV. pope. 

Power of 
the Medici 
increases. 

Learning 
flourishes. 



1470. — forms an alliance 
I with the Venetians 
and the duke of Buraundy against the 
Ttirks^-conquers Bagdad. 



1475. The 
Crimea sub 
jugated by 
the Turks. 



1472. Russia: — Ivan 
marries Sophia, niece 
of the Greek emperor^ 



TABULAR VIEWS 



1476 A.D.- 



3 


PaocRBSs OF SociaiT, etc. 


Bholahd, ScOTLaMD, 

etc. 


P..,e.. 


Sfa» and 

PoKTunaL. 


1477 


Canton ertabltahea hi* 
printing pnai at WeM- 




147«. — *ho 
is defeated 

and 
1477. —slain 


"S.frr.: 

tion of the 
San la Her- 

r"^ied 

liibdla'"' 






1480. War with Scoclaod 


S™™"' 










1481. The In- 










^n'&Jville. 






brother murdered in 
Richanl' lit., king. 


148-1. Charlci 
Vlll. be- 
come* king 


Portural; 
John 11. be- 
come, king. 






1485. Henry, earl of 

Uilford Haven. 

Keld;— Weha^de- 
feated and alaie. 










Hen??"vil,. Vi^°'' 






■"* 


L^ Juliana Beniers. one 

wnteia o( England . pub- 
"B^"Sf'st.°AlKl^' 


1486-87. Lambert Sim- 
The Sur Chamber 








Leonardo da Vinci, painter, 
iculptor, architect, and 


"&& '•'■ '■ 




"Th'egrand. 


1488 


Manilio Picino and John 
Pi™ Mimndola. Italian 

Bartholamev Tias rounds 
Ihe Cape ol Good Hope, 






order? '15 
Spain [J as- 
sumed by 


1490 


Martin Behaim (Nurem- 
terrestrial globe. 









OF UNIVERSAL HISTORY. 



Thb Wouj>. 






1*77. HoDBiiry:— War 

with Prederiek III. 

1478. Ruua:— Ivan III. 



.- M80, The Mongal yoka 



Maed in Sw^en 



14S4. Inno- 



VtodUav of BohemU 
chown Idna of Hunnrv 
on ths diixh o( Uatthiu 
Corvlniu. 



TABULAR VIEWS 



*... 


PROOBBSS 0» SOCIITT. WC 


Bmolakd , Scotland, ate 


Prahcb. 


ISii^^r.". 








1401. Brit- 




1492 


DISCOVERVOP^^^^ 




£»t- 


1492. Con- 

a-^Tnad"! 








the king^ 








by Gon«a- 










vo de Cor- 








with Anne. 


dova. 


1493 


The »ectJiid voy»st o( 


1493. Perkin Warb.ck 








Colnmbiui.— A SpsDlih 


pnteodi to be Rich 










aid, duk* oF York. 




Moori.h 






"a»--ftr„!i- 




Discovery of 






vaaion of 


America 








Italy. 


by Colum- 












1497 




1497. Cabot mal™ dis 




'ck-^ 


-OS 


And Sebutian Cabot. 










"^baOk (iSt'^S: 


1498. Louis 


1497-98. Vas- 


1498 


Vuco da Gama nacba 




codeGama 




I.«J». 




XII. be- 
come* long 


&"-» 




Third voyagnotColumbui 






Good Hope 




He dLicovcn Triaidad 






andnacha 




and sifhts tbg Americui 






India. 




Contintnt. 










Lisbon the RTcat Kat of 




















Maritime mterprisia gnat 










Ni^jcolojla^e^h^a^elll. 








1409 


Amerigo Vespudu»'» voy 


1499. Bari of Warwick. 


1499. —in- 






age. 


laot of the Plantage- 


vades Italy 

the Milan - 
ae Duchy. 

1300, Treaty 

di'nand. of 




1502 


Fourth vovaae of Colum- 




RipU. 


1502. Moor* 


1 bus. 


1503. Jame. IV, of 




io Spain 




(Scotland mantes 




ofFeivd al- 


(RiphMl. _MichMl Angeto, 


MarganE of England. 








l^ian.i;omggio,painl- 









OF UNIVERSAL HISTORY. 



PubBc 



otabliihi 
pnvBta wm forbiddi-. 

the imperial chamber 



Cnatlon of the Aulic Couo- 



1103 Unl-nnitit tit Wlttenbox 



Unl-nnitit 
founded. 



14S3.PieniII. 
■ucceedi 

h ie fa ther 

Plorrace. 



Fnuiceand 
:S03. Pom 

Piui la 

Julian. 

The 
PrCDcb de- 
feated at 
CerlSDola 



1403. Poland: — John 

Albeit. 

America diecavered by 
Coliunbni. 

14d3. Spaniah colony at 
Hiipaniola, — Alexaa- 
der VI. publldiea the 
Bull of Demarcstkni. 



liOO. Cabral reaches 
coast of Uraiil. 

1501. Poland:— Alax- 
ander succmds. 

1502. Ismail. Shah Sufi 



TABULAR VIEWS 



1506 A.D.- 



*,o. 


P.o......,So..„.^ 


Enolahd. Scotland, etc 


Francb. 


PORIUOAl,. 


isoe 


St. P>ter-( besoD. 




1607.. Genoa 


1506. Colum- 

Valladolid. 

1607. Xime. 
oe» made 






1609. Henry Vin. 


againsttbe 


el«3, and 

his::!, 

by Spain. 






LeiuuB asainst Pnnce 


Spain, the 








1S13. InvaaioQ of the 
Scots.— Battle of Flod- 
den— the Scottish king 

■^j'aie. V. 


16!!, Frencl 
fu"e7na" 








"iSi'S^^''-"^'"' 


1S18, Fraocii 

luTy-vie 
K%i™no 




1516 
1SI7 


Sir Thomu Hole's Ulopia 
pubU.h«l. '^ 

Luther. Era«iius.Melaoch - 
thon. and other reform- 




1516. Con- 
cordat with 

Pt««matie 


1616. Charles 

and the 
ia^ds. "' 



1518 A.D. 



OF UNIVERSAL HISTORY. 



G.«..Kr. 


IlMV. 


OnOMAK 

Ehpirs. 


Thi Wo«ld, el*owheiB. 










"riS-oSS*""- 


isoe 


Maximilian entm Italy 
to be Clowned by the 

t™'biaV.* 


IIOS. Leaeui 
ofCambmy 

ESb, 

sSi^'lh* 

pop*. 
1509. Vene 




ISIO. America;— Settle- 
ment at Danen. 

Go» in India taken 
by the Portugueee. 

IBII. America:- Cub. 


1S13 


— liividee iha empire into 
ten circle*.— Joini the 
HolyL«a«u«. 


(Giovtumi 
de'Uedici> 


lSI2.Sel:mI. 
|« 

16M. T h e 

defeatedat 

(li*tan add 

ed to the 
•mpire. 


1813. Am«ic»:— Florida 

ISIS. De Sou reacbee the 
La Plata Kivei. 


isia 

1517 


Lool* II., of Bohemia and 




IS IB. Syria 
IS 17. Egypt 






jssiSzr""' 






ceedi hi* bnthtr Anuj 



TABULAR VIEWS 



.... 


PSOOIBU OF SOCIITT, «tc. 


ENOLAKD.ScOILAND.etC 


p„»=.. 


'c".:r. 


•iS 


"3.S™St£XS' 


S-^;7i'.V^-.f,.°.' 


1521. Pint 

1523. The 

^Bourbon 
joins the 

''Wl' 

vade' 
France. 

1525, Francis 
defeated 
and taken 

Pa via. 


IB19-2I. 

Spain. 


1528 


biouehl into England, 
painter. 


1527. The question of 
Henry VIII.'s divoiee 
submitted to the pope. 


1527. Tliird 




isas 


Death of Albrecht Diirer. 


1S28. Patrick Hamilton 
burned. 6nt Protest* 







i;2S A.D. 



OF UNIVERSAL HISTORY. 



HungBry t. 
Diet of ^fnrr 



A ThePtauantiUviiltuidtha 



olTSodericlc of 



1SZ2. Rhodi 



Thb Worij), iliawtMn. 




I of Ctlmcr dit 



1B28. Albeit.fii 



TABULAR VIEWS 



,.., 


PROGRBBB OF SoCtBTT, BtC. 


BnOLAHD, BcOTtAHO.CtC 


Framcb. 


Portugal. 


,=» 


Smnning whed invented in 
Rabelaii, '^inich aatiiiit. 


1520, Pall of Wolaey.— Sii 
Tboma. More. Lore 

^o-r-c'^nTwS!" " 
lfi33. The kins niuria 


1520. Treaty 

abandon! 
inltiJI™ 

1632. Calvin 




IS34 


"ffiSS'jS'/r.S'"" 

John Knox. Scotti»b re 


■nv„fs«,. i:^, 

church. 






1542 


Xii\iEr planti Christianity 


1636.-— marriee Jane Sey 
ihe amaller moruuteriei. 

1630. Henry marria Anne 


1536. Fourth 


1835, Acqni- 

m 

taken by 
Cbarlea V. 






1640. Fail of CmmweU. 


Attempt 

Italy: " 
bene* the 


bon, the 
™t world. 


1643 


bium CaUsUnm. 
Vesalius-e work on Anat- 

Roaer Aicham. tator of 
Oueen Elitabetb. 


1543. Henry marriei 
Catherine Pan. 

1644. Henryln^deaPrano 


Vaudoi* it 
Pra Dce 


1542, Com- 

t^Por- 

j:?:i,."^ 



154^ A.D. 



OF UNIVERSAL HISTORY. 



A.D. 0»HAHT. 


It*I.v. 


EUPWB. 


Thb WoaLD. elaewhen. 


1620 The Tufk. baiege Wb™. 




1529. Inv.- 


1529. Lulhertniran e.- 




— DietirfSpi™,— Luth- 






Ublisbed in S*ed<n 




enn> lint oiled PiDtes- 






by aciion of national 








vJcnlT"' 




1B30 


The Diet oF Augiburg 


1630. Medici 




ISan. UalU given to the 




witnessea the ■ ppmnnc* 






kniahi. of Rhode, by 






CharlB V. 


formidable 


Charln V. 




fesaioil. 




under 


Rusaia;— Ivan IV. 






Boloeu. 


Khair«d- 


(the Terrible.) 


1631 


The Sm«lk«ldic Lewue 




din Barbs- 


1533. Norway and Den- 
mark:— Chriilian III. 

1533-1534. ConauHt of 
Peru by Piiarro com- 
pleled. 


1534 


Leyden eatabUih thefii- 


1634. Paul III 




1634-1636- Cortei in lower 








CaJifomia. 




«!»eiioM«ratet. 




"2fi"^T>f. 


1535. Cartier in the St. 








l^T^VJ. 


























the Moor- 


China. 








iih king,— 








153T. Coen» 


Turki Uke 








£i£? 


Bagdad. 












1638 


Congnn of Nice betnen 






teSS.DeSoto-a expedition 


IMl 


The Turku overrua Huo- 


^"™cti^ 


1541. OrtllBna'i voyage 






KS"' 


V^B 


down tbe Amazon. 


1613 


WuasKiiiMFnDce. 




ten? 
IheMagoif 




























^"Vh^ 




16M 


Diet of Spirei. 


■•S'S?:' 


«.ry. 


■tf,«.^,'f JsS".ir 


16M 


Tbe SouUluldii: war. 


opened. 




cov««i. 




TABULAR VIEWS 



*.p. 


PaoouBi OF 8oci»Tr, otc 


BmiLAHD. SCOTI-AHD, OtC. 


PaaHCB. 


Spain and 
Portugal, 


1M7 


Titian, painter. 
SoJlger. J. C, philolosUt 


1817. Edward VI. 

SomerKt In vado Scot 
at Pinlda 


■M7,H.„, 

da- Medid. 

queen. 










1653. Slxtl 




ISfiS 


comedy. 

Cardan. Italian phil- 
owpher. 


1SS3. NoRtramberlaod In 

trieuM to .ettl. the 
ciswn on Lady Jane 
Grey, hit daughwr-in- 

Deathof EdwardVl. 
Mary bccomei queni 
Catholiciam nalorcd 

1S81. The queen marrin 
Philip, of Spain,— Lord 
Dudley and Udy Jane 
Grey eieeuted. 

1SS5. Bloody penecutlon 


1SS3. FiUQ 

Toul. am 
Verdun. 


ISS5. PhillD 
of Spain 

a- 

1558. Charle. 
abdicates. 

ii 

Ian. the Si- 






1M7. War with France to 
lupport Spain. 


St. Ouentin 


1657. Portu- 






1558. Calaie l«t. 


'■g..s.i: 








" Cecil, Lord Borieigh. 
lecrttary oi "l^te. 







1558 A.D. 



OF UNIVERSAL HISTORY. 



1MB. The 



the*" &._. 
ttae kDight 



reliaioua libeny 

FruitleM tieee of Ueti by 
- iila V. 

3 Dath of Uaorke, o( S 



Khuateof Kuu. 



US The P*u« of Aiunburg — 

Pratnunu and 
ceda thein reprti. 
tion in the Imperial 



"K.1I 



TABULAR VIEWS 



.... 


Paoo RBS5 or SociBTY, etc. 


Engiand, Scotland, etc. 


Fkakcb. 


PO.T.OAL. 


1SJ» 


Foundation of Geneva 
Academy (now the Uni 
venity). 

PoundaLion of Jesuit Col 
Portugal. 


talilished by Acts ^! 
Vmf amity and Slil.re- 

The FnrilBiis besln to 
appear. 


1550. Peace 

o! ■.trag'i'-' 


1559. Mar- 

gejit of the 
lands with 

dounieJlor. 


1S60 


"•g^/S. ifea'-u 


IMO. Scotland:— Catholi- 

c»maboli*bedbyp.rlia- 


,»acb„,. 






Paolo Vemneie, painter. 
Cuarini, Italian poet. 


Ireland. 


Fifit 

ETS; 




1664 


Deacb of Ulchael Angelo 
and of Calvin, birth of 
Shftkeipeart. 




1563. Peace 






Camoens, Portuguew poet. 










Jujlus Ijpsius. Mholar. 

Thomas Tallii. Enalllb 
mu«ci«n. 


1S8B. Scotland: — Mary 

"'R'5^t^??iJiK!r,;- 




1666. Occu- 






Scotland : — Damley mur- 
at Locbleven. 


1667. The 


1567. Duke of 

lands, he 
establishes 
the Bloody 






Jamet VI-. Idns ol 






/ 











1567 ^•^■ 



OF UNIVERSAL HISTORY. 



... 


Gbuani. 


i,.i,. 


Bmp»b. 


T,.Wo^.^h™. 






■TmS,"^ 




IBW. Cenniark and Nor- 
way:— Fredericlt II. 










Decreaie of the in- 
fluence of the Hania 






the Prach 










ItiUy. 


lS«l.neetot 

the Italian 


1S60. Sweden:— Eric XIV. 
becoRiea king. 


H62 


the Ronuni. 


im council 


'fi£ 


'«„ ».'■■-""'■• 


MM 


MaiiiuiUMi II., emperor. 




tses. Uiuuc. 

whVih'i. 
knighti' 


accond rdony of Hugue- 
nota to Florida— de- 

suitine founded, ISeS. 


566 


^fii'Ar"'"'- 


l860,Piu.V,. 

pope. 







136 



TABULAR VIEWS 



1568 A.D.- 



.... 


P.o„...o,S.=,„,.„ 


Ekolamd. Sc-oti.*md, etc 


PSANCI. 


l3voT 






takes reliiBC in Bnoland 


15118. Treaty 
of Long 










IMO. Third 

"Is? 

Cond« ' de' 








JSTD. BlUabMh cxoom- 
niiiniot«d by the pope. 

Scotland:— UnnoK re- 
gent. 




1570. War 

Turk*. 

1571. Naval 
victmy at 


1572 


'■"3,."""" "' 




IST3. Mnu 

B.",tfi 

-p-i.r.h 
civU Mr. 

of Rochellc. 

"ptsi; 

1576. The 
L^e. " 


lE^ 




"Ssa."'-""'- 


"saSI^-- 


Anitiia. 


1677 


Sir Ftancii Dnke be>ii» 
his voyage round the 

Tauo, Italian poet. 




1677., Sixth 


1677. The 
Perpetual 



UNIVERSAL HISTORY. 



8 Th* duchy of Pru»M mide 

htrtdiUry in the H 

of HohBuollcin. 



sninddiilce 

ofTuKUIT 

by Piui V. 



IS7l.Rusu> raided by 
' "-- IthiD of Crim«. 



1573. Cypro) IE 
by Vraice. 



1S74. Poland:— HeiUT of 
Valiri* choKn Idns: he 
Hcapu to Pnncfl. 

ia7S. Poland^— Stephen 
Bathori chcoen kinji; he 
itienfftheni the JeiiiiU. 



malM* npk] pnenn in 
the Aoitnan domtnloiii. 




TABULAR VIEWS 



1S;8 A.D.- 



A.D. 


Pboorbh otSociitt.mc 


ENOU.K0. SCOTLAND. «C. 


Prucci. 


Sp*ih *nd 

PoaTOOAL. 










1678. Sebaa- 










tian in- 










vadeiUor 






























the battle 










of Alcaiar- 










quivir. 










Port.:— 










Henry I. 










1579. Union 






"Si^sJ^iSfSir^ 




of Utrecht. 

beginnlnfl 






theDukeofAnjoo. 


15S0. The 


of Dutch 
indepen. 
dence. 

"SsS 






1581. Levant Company 


leventb 


1582 


Gngoriu Tcfoimatioa of 
the culepdu-. 


Wm with Spain. 


ISSG. Eighth 
Henriea. 


dominion. 










ISS6 


Tot™ btouBht to Ens. 


ISSe. Eari of L^oeater 
ludi in Holland with 

gigSey"?3led^iJ 
1SS7. Execution of Mary 










1588. ThtSpanUbAimads 


1688 Revolt 


1588. Defeat 






dertroyed. 


He wins 
the battle 
of Arques. 


1589. EnetiA 


ISOO 


Sir Philip adaey'.^TOHKa. 
pwnten of Bologna, 




1590., Sttl. 
of Ivry. 




/ 


kS«. Mtrooom^ 









OF UNIVERSAL HISTORY. 






1079. SngiMx 
aal npn- 



ISTB. ComnwncBmait td 
the Dutch Republic by 
the UoJoD of Utncbt: 

Willimm, prince of 
Onmas, itodtholda. 



581. Fint 
tnde witH 
Engluid. 



15M. WmiMn el Oranga 



issa. Hi 

V... p. 



1S8S. Nortb Amain;— 
Pint fingUih GolooT 
founded in VirelDia, bv 
Sir W. lUleiaE: 






lEOO. Urtiu 
VII., pope. 



TABULAR VIEWS 



Bhglahd, Scotland, etc 



1S01. Tnwpa Hnt 



Pracesun - 



the Speniih Sect burnt 



16BS. Philip 

III., Idnc 
of SptOn. 






1S9S A.D. 



OF UNIVERSAL HISTOKV. 



^ 


Gbbhaht. 


Italy. 


EUPIRE. 








lEei. Irmo 










cent IX. 










ISaz.Clement 




Hideyothiinvade ^n. 


tSOi 


W« with Turkey. 


VIIL,pope. 


ISM. Wa. 








with the 


, Sweden: -Sigimand 








empire in 


111., of Poland. nKCM-1* 








Hungiiy. 


to the Swediah crown. 








1SB4. The 










grand vi- 










tier Ukea 










Rub. 










IMS.Moham- 


ISes. The regent Chulea 








med III. 


aoumea independeat 








Turkieh 


authority. "^ 








IfunBary 










>t Grma— 










revolt of 










W.ll»hi.. 










IBBS. Uo- 

hammed 






tfieTurki in the balUe 






ofKereute.. 




I«d> hii 

at"K?^- 
teg. 


Bona Godunov auc- 
Sweden, to re«iuhli.h 



TABULAR VIEWS 



I.. 


pKoauM or SocicTv. 


Ah»iga. 


etc 


FiiANca. 


laoQ 


Jonwn.— Nkrin in von 
lorof luanrithoH. 

LordBKm, c«lebimU>1 

Lope de Veea. SpuUh 

EnsH'b Bait India Com- 
pany c bartend. 




1600. The Gq»rie con. 
•piiacy in ScotUnd. 


dfu^ki! 

1603. The 
Jeiuita 


1604 










I60S 


Bible begun (publiibed 
(fint pan) appeu*. 


'•Si?'"""'"-" 








"£r«i^\"*ai 










J'a"i??:?U'n 
[Rnt psraiB 

N^lh'^AnJr" 






1610 


"rajs.-r"—"' 


"fSES.'; 




HapebuiS 

AauHi- 

nation of 



I6l3 A.D. 



OF UNIVERSAL HISTORY. 



Tsa Woau>. 



B03. J«i»n: — Tokwura 
lyaruu mklni himwlf 
wiosun: hii dMcendaDt* 
RUin powD till 1868. 



• TaKSDy^— Canull. 1 



m of tb* Levant 



RuniatOeath ofBorii 
GodunofT; appcaiBnce of 
the falH Damatriiu: 



ly (rom (ha Ba*t In- 



uprliinB under Minla 
and Pahankl leadi to 
tha axpulikm of tha 



1«13. Si..-,- 
onthg Black 
Seaplunder- 
td by tbc 



TABULAR VIEWS 



1614 A.D.- 



a... 


ProcrbM OFSoci»Tr,elc 


*,...„. 


etc. 


Fmho. 






by the Dutch. 


»i,'™.?S„r~ " 


1614. Last aa- 
lembly of 


1616 








1615. The 

ria Anne. 
















1618. Piand* Bacon, 


1017. AKm. 
gin*. 


iai« 


Negro .iBvery intirJduced 
into Virginia. 


1618. Kegro 
•lavo fint im- 

of Plymouth. 




'•MS 


1S20 


Bacon'i Nofwm Orgaytum. 


IBZI. John Car 


1621. Bacon Im 
pe«:h«]. 






-r?.i-. ^^,-. 






MarLin Opiti, Gennan poet. 








U32 


First g«*'Mp" ("ekly) 

Peter Paul Rutieoi, painter. 
Haisiagec. the dnunatiat. 


1823.KewHamp- 
■hin aettled. 

1625. Uaiiu set 
tied. 


1625. Charlee L 


1824. HIaia- 

el'ieu. 


1637 


brought to England by 


1627. War with France 
the HuguenoU. 


In support at 




Harvevpubli.he,hi.worlt 
on the circulation of the 
blood. 










Edward Coke, the sieat 









OF UNIVERSAL HISTORY. 



8 Coiuptncr of Bed- 



1 Spain lupporti the 
luly:— Gngoiy XV. 



1BI8. The Thirty 



ISIS. PerdiiMnd 



patktiae. 
1620. Victory o( 



Pngiw lEminod 



lB2e. Victoiy of 



Thb World, clHwhen. 



1017. Muau- 



invkSeC) 



Ifll7. Svwdca 











S5'K; 


BS.tr"" 



146 



TABULAR VIEWS 



^.. 


PlOOBMB or SoCIBTY.stc. 


Akiiic*. 


BHai.aM[i, SccnuHD 


PUNCI. 






IB28. John Endi 
mtt at Sal«m. 

lew. Oaebec 


1620. Parllanunt dla 
yea™. 


1638. La Ro- 

the royal 

not am- 
bition!. 












■teEv- 


Pace with Pianct 
1830. and with Sp»in 


IKitir. 




GdDM before ttw Inqniai. 




1633. Wentwofth madi 
land and Laud, arch 

crowned ' at Edin- 
burgh. 








1034. Marvland 
lellled tiy a 


1S34. WriU for abjp 


g "in ihB 


163S 


U«lh p! Lope de Viga. 
Ped^C.ldSSJr'"di la 


l63£.ConnecU«it 

Rttled from 




I63a. Alli- 

With Swe. 



1635 A-D. 



OF UNIVERSAL HISTORY. 



... 


iTALr. Sp*ik. and 


OlRHANT. 


Orro-iK 


Tb» Woklo. elsewhere. 


1638 


It.ly: — Gmem 






1628. Pertia;— Death of 




Italian nr on the 


rccoveniUltha 




Shah Abbaa and auccei- 




dckth o{ tha duka 


ihor« of tha 




■ioa of Shah SooA I. 






BMltic, excapt 

1820. The Edict 
of Reititutioa 




1630. Peace of Lobeck 
betveen the empire and 
ChriaCian IV.. of Dan- 
mark. 


1630 


''^^~-'*'' 


1630. Ouatavui 
Adolphiulandi 






1631 


•V'iv,r.^r-iT?l 


1631. Sack of 








infloance of France 




















Tim the battle 










of Breitcnfald 










(Laipiig). 










IS32. Defeat and 


1032. Revolt 


1033. Smden:— CtuMina 






death of Tilly. 


et Spahii 








at the Lech.- 


and JsDii- 








GmUvuB ukM 




Poland:— Vladiilar 






Munich.— Wal 


?i22k1."^* 


IV.. kin«. 






!SS:..Ti" 




Runia;— War with 








Poland: aiaaa of Smol- 






Battle of Lat- 




«nk. 






«n. — Victory 










and death of 




1833- Union of HeUbroan. 






Guitavui Adol- 










phui 










1834. W.llen. 




1034. Peace of Wlavna, 






■tela auoni' 














Ruiaia. 






Sld^'Tf^i 










mar defeated 










at Ntellingeo. 










1035. Peace of 





































148 



TABULAR VIEWS 



, PsocRBSsorSociiTT.a 



la Corncille'i Cid, the b«- 



9 Pint printinB-pm 



i Sucei at Cuc- 



Und Httled. 



Cunbridn^ hy 

Stepben Ooyc. 

Say brook. 

Conn, .founded. 



EHaLaMD. Scotland, 



by^the. im- 
nPari*. 



IS37. Hunpden 

TnnibJa in Scot- 



ScoCcb Pmbytniui 
force epUcopftcy. 



'"?he' Scotch in VI 

B^o^oi Ntw'caf 
Tha Long Par 

ment, Nov. 3. , 

Impeachment of 

Stafford and Laud. 

S41. Strafford 



occupied. 



beheaded. 
Richslieu. 



1642 A.D. 



OF UNIVERSAL HISTORY. 



TBI WoxLD, sliewbett^ 



1638.Sweda 
■tocif over 



tbe Swedu. 



mw, defeat) 
tha Imperial - 
<iU at Rheln- 



lese. Battl* 
Chonniti nio- 

ed br the Swe- 



burg: — Pred- 
derickWilliim. 
the Great Blec' 



IMZ. The Swede* 



1038.&iWdad 
tbe Tnrio, 



ISSa. H(dl>ad^-Gr•at 
lutvat victory by Van 
Tiomp. over tbe Spaslah 

fleet In tbe Dowiu. 



TABULAR VIEWS 



1643 A.D.- 



..„ 




A-...CA. iB-O^-^.^TLAKD. 


PuHca. 


1643 


ToiTicelli iDvoila tb* Im 


1«43 ConfBdm 


1948. Royaliit. vie 


1643. LouJa 






tionoftlucol 


tonoiit *t Quiliirovi 


XIV. (th« 






onim at New 


and othsr placn 


Great). 






Bnalud, for 


buttle of Newbury 


Anne, of 






mutual d>. 


Solemn Leacue ant 








faw*. 


the Scotch and Bn« 
tith pariiamenla. 


oTSir^ 


1644 


Uilton-i Ar^epatitica. 


1«44. Unfcm 


t«44.Battleo(Uantoi 










Moor— royilku de 


I^E^h^e.^ 






Rbod* tilaad 


feated. 










UiDiatry 










of Cardinal 










UaaaiJQ. 


1541 


Death of Gratlua. 




UMB. Battle of Naieby 


ie4S. T h a 
French win 






I«4a. Tb« jMul 


"Sji't.-.s sv 


the b*ttl<. 






mimoury Jo 
RU« killed ^y 


of Nard- 






tiifa^camp. 








the Mohawki 




















g?n° hii^lork 










•mong the In 










diuii. 






IMT 




1847. Peter Stuy 


ie47.— te.deUvend up 






work. 


lZ'''ol'°^V. 






1048 




1B48- C«mbridBe 


1648. Cromwell routi 


1648. Pac- 






platform ulop 


the Scotch. — Th 








ted in Muu 


ptUe/tai^ parlia 
ment, which receive! 

Rinr" 


Weetpbalia 
and' Vi5- 






164B. Act of Toi 


1649. Trial and e>iecu 


164B. Court 






S'^CX^ 


tion of the king. 
Drogheda. 


S!^°0°r- 



1649 A.D. 



OF UNIVERSAL HISTORY. 



4 lonoceat X., pope. 



7 Revolt ot N>p 



iS^vUt 



under Rakoc 



MbrticV.-Th. 
l''"'nce°'o' 

tecosnUed,— 

SvUccrUni] 
tnd the Dutch 

declared inde- 



carryingoll 



1S49. Naval 



1848. Sweden:— Peaw* el 
Bi«miebni witb Don- 

RuuU:— Alexii. ciar. 



tMT. NMhariuidi:— WO- 



MB. Poland:— Th. 
Uknlae CoHacki nvolt 

Boadan Chmial- 



ancT defeat tha 



TABULAR VIEWS 



1650 A.D.- 



».». 


P.»..„o,S«»„.« 


A,„„. 


Enclahd, Scoti^d 


|..„. 


leaJMiHon'i controveny with 














concluded 




Da»rte>. 




The Scots prociaii 
Charles II. Hr en 










thVclSrt 


IBS 




lest. Navigation 


IMl. ten England— 


and Parlia- 




Jeremy Taylor. AlKerwE 
Sidney, ^nglith writaa 


Act puaed. 


The Navigation Ac 


c£^d£ 






1652. Maine 


1052. Naval warivith 


lelrUaH- 




Lcbrun. Fraach painter. 




Holland. — BUke 


tin retire. 






CBit as Casco 


defeated by Tromp 


to Sedan. 






joined 10 Maa- 




Cond« fliea 










Cond<: the 
Paria. 




Walton's Compltat Ati^r 


lflG3. Settlement 


IS53. Long Parliamen 


1953. Ma«. 






of NonKLaro 


dissolved by Crom 


nn . enl«™ 










Pans in 






royal patent. 


Oliver Cromwell 
Lord Protector. 

Mcretary lo Crom 


triumph. 




Air pump invented by 




I854."peace of We.t 


1654. By the 




vouGuericke. 


1655. Stuyveaant 


1655 Warwilh Sj^ 


treaty o[ 
cu^"a1- 






I^Sm"D^ 










bypSSf^"*™ 








»aie). 


1657. CromweU nf oae 


IM 


/ 











l657 A.D 



OF UNIVERSAL HISTORY. 



IT4I.T, Spain, ahd 



Itmir:— 
„VIi:. poi 



1033. Dtfnt and dath 
' Tromp oB PottUnd 
Lhe Ensli*h Chunel, 



R u s • i « : Smolenik 

taken by the RubUiu. 

The Coiwcki pile* 






""trolly of Weh- 

Polud 



TABULAR VIEWS 



1658 A.D.- 



&.II. 


ProormsmSocibtv, etc 


A-.B.C*. [ El'OlJNO. SC01X*MB. 


P.AHCE. 






lefiS. Death of Crom 








weJI.— Richard 








Cromwell, Protector 








IS5S. Lav a 1-1669. Richard Crom 


16G9. Peace 








well, rwian^— Rump 


of the PjT- 






made tiihop 


tut soon eipelled. 








ofNewFranct 










General Monk sup 










""iiHe^t'he'k^""^ 


1B« 


About this lime flourirfi 








Corneille. La PunUine 








La Rochefoucauld, Ha 




chancellor. 


LouiiXIV. 








Miliury Unures 


to Maria 




Racine. Boileau. and 






TbereM.o( 




PaKal in France. 






Spain, 




Royal Society at London 




JSass-j, s..^ 


leSI. Death 




founded. 




of Matatin. 




Vdasquei and Murillo 




land. 


, Colbert. 




Spanish painter.. 
Bunini. Italian Gcuiptor. 






Le ¥dner. 


iut 


CaMi of Uioguedoc. (torn 


leaz. Charter ob 




1662. Di». 






tained from 


Charlea II. to Catbe 


putei with 






Charlea II. fo 


rine of Portugal. 






="S,S:|.S 


Conne^tic^ 


Act of Uniformity 


i-Sooo"**" 






Dunkirk sold to 


troops sent 








Prance. 


S&"S 




Salvani R^ landicaiH 


1663.' CaiolinJ 






Hu'^^'Dntch utama 


sranted to 
Lord Clai«n 




Hungary. 






doD and other 
dian B>bl< 










iaM.''N^w Am 


1664. War wltb Bol 


1664. Pnnth 








land. 


BaM India 






S.""^^' 




and Wett 








India Com - 












lew 




1668, Union ol 


1668. Navml victory by 


IMS. Colbert 




in France. 


l^P^''-'^. 


Solebay. 










Great Plague ii 


ES"* 








London 


isot 


'xS'^ !£.*•:, 




1686. Great Fire i. 
London. 




leaj 


Paradiit Lotl published, 


1«67. Acadi. 


1667. Pe«» of Breda 


1667. War 




Csssini, Italian astrono 


ceded to Franc. 


New Netherlandi 


with Spain. 






by the peace 


ceded to England. 
Fall and banish 


Louis 




D'Herbelot.Bourdaloue, 


Breda. 






Li>firuyirr.iJakbrHDcbe 




ment o( the earl ol 


Fla'n'd"*. 




Fiench'writc*. 




Clarendon. 


for his 
166^s" *Pea« 








laeS. Triple alllance- 



anifHoll 






OF UNIVERSAL HISTORY. 



^ 


iTiLT, Sl-AIH, U,a 


G,.-AKr. 


EUI-IBE. 


Thb Woau>, elaeirheraL 






lOfiS. Leopold I 




leSS. Denmark: — Nival 

victory over the Svedea. 

P^otRMldlde. 

makea himaelf cmpcTDr. 






I6G0. In the 




1660. Denmark:— Pmm at 






Kl^d^'S^. 




Revolution In Den- 
















^t™Pru«S[ 




"1 Jed^-|hari« XI. 






under the 




Livonia and Eathonu."™ 






•lector of 












Sweden. 


1663 


VictorrolthePor- 


1663. The diet 


1063. Invk 






'^rri".^.'ii 


Krc" ■' 


lioD of 
Hoogit/ 






Eitmnoi. 




KiopTili; 
Cermeny 

feeted M 










St. Gott 


1664.RiaeofthaUahiBtU 






euH victorious 


b)ird(iee4) 


power in India: Sivaji 






over the Turki 


rrjs;; 


taks and Mcka Sufat. 






■tSt. Gotthnnl 










■ivina the 




ie6s 


Spain:— Charltall. 

V.SJ'vtr'e^'. 
labJbbM Portu- 




■ulUn tu- 

CreEeuk- 
en from 
Venice by 
Kk>pri]i. 




I«7 


-•■^pSSi^K-. 






1667. Poland;— Groat 








asa-oSs-SJf." 












bon. Kins dc- 










poMd. Pedro i:. 






between Poland and 
Ruuia. 


leoe 


''^^Ut'^ 









IS6 



TABULAR VIEWS 



1669 A.D.-. 



^ 


Proorbu or SociBTT. etc 


A-...C*. I Ekol«Dj^8cot.-»d | ^^^^^ 


urn 




1S70. Concliuio 
of tlio "Ameri 


1670. Tbe Cabal tnln 
iatiy. — Sscrel treaty 
with Pimnce agalnit 
















iiUAM) be 










tween England 


the poinooary 








and Siwm. 


Loui* XIV. 
1872. Wu with Hoi 


1073. War 






Charleeton 


land in conjunction 


with Hoi. 






rouoded. 


withPnnce. 
i97^e«o» with Ho|. 


land. 
1073. Pnncb 

rr':t"i:: 
iflf::^-The 

TurTnne 

Cond« and 
Wmi«n of 


167i 


ChristophM Wteo, aichi 


'•S.-.&,! 




■fe 




Paorj. 


New BaB:and 








RuywlJicl, cclebratet 

DHtcli_painter. 
WiUiun Tanple. hbtorian 


Baconii Re 




tlch.' 




bdliaa in Vir 








Rinia. 








Biillcr. Waller, and Dry- 


1677. Maine pur 








den ,E nglish poets jHenr^ 






1677. Victory 




Md«, LeiBhWn. fisntcr, 


JUaaeliiiaetts 




over the 




Boj-l.^. 






Prince of 




Mansait. arthitect. 






Onnee at 
Monl-Ca.- 


IS7i 


John Bunym. Pti(n«'j 




I07a The "Popiah 


ISrS." Peace 




Progr,^!. 




Plot" excitement. 
Rise of the names 


fe3 








otWhisiandToria, 










and Spain 










tranquil, 
lily to Eu- 










P^raniT 










wine Pran- 










che-Coml*. 










France the 








Td a bTe 










=^." 



1678 A.D. 



OF UNIVERSAL HISTORY. 



» NIthud. thajcnil 



4 RsTDlt ef HoBiiB 



BmU. 
Dotb of Do 



with Holla 

MiiinKt Fnui< 

1S73. War ol t 



Thb World, dMwfaen. 



id De kuy 

U— butch 



1074. Poland;— John So- 



iaj7. Battle of the Lun 
betweea the Swedca ai 
Dana: the latter d 
feated. 



u^ 



158 



TABULAR VIEWS 



<a6iH>i) Tnunway* 



iitafktl 

dBther, 



of Pbl 

phl> i 
aJaPt 



Plot." 

Execution of Lord 
KuMdl mnd Aigemon 
Sidney. 

Hutinjr at Bom' 



(oiiiiiu) Talcsnpbi invent- 



1681. Jtmm II. 

Rebellion of Uoi 
mouth, in Englan 
■nd Aisyl'. in Sco 



yean with 
loss. Revo- 



won o: 
chatter govern 



SS9. Beginnicu 



lesr. Declaration ol 
Indulsence 
lisheS; , 

\SS. "Revolution of 16SS. War a( 
less."— The Whigi' Spain, 
apply to the prince the Leapie 



». WilUam lit. 
Uary II. 

The Bill of Right 



' Bill Pused 
"ll.laSd"" 



1689 A>D. 



OF UNIVERSAL HISTORY. 



9 Duke of Hedlu 



. Tarkii 



4 Gcnoft bomb>id«d 



« tSw. 



a Tbadnktef Bavojr 



1686. LncM of 



•Iter bdns held 
by tha Tuikt 



IflSS. ladb^Tha Dddou 
conquand by Auraaa 



ias7. Revel □' 



Solynun li. 

1687. Atheni 

bomburirH 



> Rnolt «< Cata- ^ 
lonik in ibtot 01 



Tha PaUti- 
eala doolated 
by tha Pmich. 



lOSB. Rnnia:— Petar tha 
Gre&t bafliiu Hnon*] 
tuIb after ovcTthitniliia 
bia ligter Sophia and 
nnvBins the Stndtti. 

Finttisde wltb China. 

India:— Helibt of the 
Uoaul power under Au- 

"cl'S*;— G«»». tej- 



TABULAR VIEWS 



1690 A.D.- 



1 


PrOOKBU of SOCIBTT. ttC. 


Amkuca. 


Guat BsitaiH. PRaMCl. 


m, 


Leibnitc, Getnun philon 


IflSO. The Ens 


1600. Wi'lam in In- lem Naval 




pher. 


liih eettle 


land.— Battle of the 






Bouuet, Preoeh pulpit 


menti 


Soyne. Jatnea de> 


over the 




ontoi: L. Bruv^^rc 


Schenocwdv, 




Dutch and 








Engliah at 




IWuiEogliih muriciBB. 


Port RoTal 

Sir: 

ed. 


laoi. Limerick Ukea, 

ledged. 


13'^ 

b<S^, at 
Fleura*. 






IflM. Maryland a 


1892. Invasion of Eng- 


1692. The 






royal province 


land undertaken by Prenchfleet 
the French in favor defciited at 


lEflll 




New En«l«nd. 


o< Jama.— Naval La Hc«ue. 
viclorvbythe Dutch Mar.E. 1 
and Engliih.— The L u t « m - 




John Locke and Sir Isaac 












Bon^" Fife"oi""'«nd 




Gleneoe maiucre. hours de 




Bayle, in Prance. 




fiatj Wil 
e™rk.Bnd 


ISO; 




1893. M. York:- 


leM 


Bantfi^'Ensliuid founded 




1804. BankotBiuland Neemln- 






' "w'iliiam'and 


incorvorated. Death 






Publication of the diction 


Mary'. Colle*. 


of Oueeu Uary. 






ary ol the French Ac«l 


founded. 








emy. 












1607. Aadia n 


™, <i™„a 


BvBWlck— 
between 
















ttae'allia. 






Rl^iL 


to dispoK Of the 




























^"of'siinr'™'" 








1809. French 


1608. Viiit of Pewr 








colony ir 


the Great, 


















Bitoxi. 







1699 A,D. 



OF UNIVERSAL HISTORY. 



Thi Wouji, etawben. 



1690. JoKph 1 
elected kingi. 



169t. Ahmed 
II.— D 



I Battle of Umv^- 



"vene- 



1003. Swedeii>-Tha Idng 

famullr dedaied abio- 



' ISeS.HoUud:— Bombud- 
ment of Bnmeli by the 

French, under VlUeroi. 

' 1696. Poluidi^Death o[ 

Sobieeld — lucceeded by 

1697. Frederic kAi 



cAuBuetugl. 
;hB^e XIL 



witi. 



ISM. Dennuck:— P r e d - 

crick IV. becomes Ling. 

Alliance of Denmu^, 

Runia. and Poland 

B«ainn Chailea XII. of 




TABULAR VIEWS 



Barlin (Ouodcd. 



Godfrey Kneller, Bnt^iib 



locoipontlon of t 
Unrted Britdh Ba 
India Company. 



St. PeMraburg founded. 

Swltt'i Tall of a Tub pub. 

Flourishing period of 
P r t n e h lilemlure.— 
Great iplendor In the 



Death of Spener. founder 



Inae Watt'i Hymm. 



1701. Yale Col 



1709. BccisnlDi 

iifniiiiiiirtiiiiin 



iutd in thi 



ed bv Pi 
and &)dlB_. 



SS 



ITMr^Camlini ■ 
threatened by 
the French ant 



GaaaT BuTuN. Pxamcb. 



1701. Warof tbe Spanish 



Anna becoma* quMO 



1703. Uetlmea tnat 



1704. UaifboiDugh enter* Gennany, 

—-— -"le battle of Blenheim. 



Gibnltar taken b>l 



Bngllth and Portusuae by tl 
Prencfa under Bentlck. 



EfSS 



1706. Tbt Say 


170S Battle of Oudenarde.— Frmeh 

Sardinia and Minorca captured 
bytheEngliih. 

tempt of the Pretenl 





ITOS A.D^ 



OF UNIVERSAL HISTORY. 



163 



A.D. 


iTAir, SfAlM, AND 


OBaMANT. 


Ottouah 
EHFiaa. 




1700 


'^'""S^tlS'oigS;-. 






1700. RuMa:~P«er the 








Great invadei Ingria— 




la II.. ol Spain. 






defeated by CbarlaXII.. 














duke of Adjou 






War of (he Northern 










PoveiB. 


1701 


Spain:— PhUip V. 


1701. Pnu^ la 




1701. Cbarle. Xll. invadea 


1709 


Vktory of Ltunn 




1702, — enteia Wanaw— 




v^i, o^v^ ;es 


^m. bet 

tlS^fengland. 




Victory of'Pultuak. 




imperialiM*. 


Holland, and 
the empire, to 


















S'iSITn '0 1 




















Pance and 










170^111. Hu»- 










sariana iiH 










under Raflot- 










akyandihmt- 


1703. Ahmed 


1703. Chariei irina the 






«o VJma^ 


III. 


battle of CliMOW. 


1704 








elected kina. 


1705 


Barcelona Ukenbr 

the alliei. 


ITOe. Jcepb I. 






1706 


French driven 






1700. The Sveds Tidoi^ 
ioui over the Saxon and 












after the battle 










0( Turin. 










Portugal:— 










JohnV. 










Ensli.h and 










Po.^». enter 








1707 


All the Spanish 
fSTv abaodon^ 






1707. Charlea XII. con> 
clBde. peace of Altran- 








niidt in which Auguetu* 




to the alliei. 










Spain i— Battle of 






th?"^'iiih crowi^""" " 




Aloania ii fol- 






170B. RuisU— Revolt of 




lowed by the 






theCos»ckM.Hppa. 




arehduke. 






170S. Charlei invsdea 
Ruuia. cm-e. tha 
Ooieper, and la 



TABULAR VIEWS 



.... 




AumRICA. CRBaTBKlTAlH. Piaitci. 






1709. Pi«t p.pei' 17M. Tbo Freneb uo 
money in KeW d*r Villan defeatec 








I7W 


Barkely-t PnmdpUi «j 


1710. Rnt pott- 1710. Victory of Ven teuM Wte- 




Hu^Ln KnowtSv. 


office .1 I^ew vicio... 






York. 1 Dr. Sathevorell' 








Fmilless e.-' triJ.— Colliaioo 








ESS"-"" 


SI""'-"* 






The famoua boll Uniftm 


1713. Querr 


1713. PoceofUtTTC 






M ■(■met the Pimch 


Adoes Wa 


PetTKtual leparation of the 






closed by 


cro^w, of Fiance and Spain. 






the insty ol 


Er,s„ .i acquire. Newfoundland, 






Utrecht whici 


?■;;;,:„. "1,"o1liSS,.-&SK 












^^^e e);^'' 


Kcthcrlandi ceded to Aui- 
Iris: Hutch to hold Barrier 
fort, agunit Fiance; England ob- 
Uins H^nto fR>mS)»Tn; begin- 
ning of Bnglith naval and colonial 








1714. Factioniat court 


1714. Peace 








— di«sraceof Harley 


of Ra- 










atadt: the 








che^Ser." " 










Deathof the queen 










Hou» of Han 


ledgee 










Philip V.- 










king of 








mier. 


SpJn on 

of Lombar. 
dT.Na^ei, 

d"nia. 


1717 


The monaitcry of Uafra 


171S. Indian wa 


171S. InaunKtioo o: 


I71S. LouU 




"the wonder of Portu 


in South 




J^Y,- 




(.I." built. 


Carelina. 


of*ShJrtflmuit 'inl 


Duke ol 




P(5jr. Steele. De Pof 




Pteilon. 


Orlean. re- 




in Enaiand. Le Sagi 
publii^a h>> Gil Blot 




War aaalnat Swe 


gent.— Du- 











OF UNIVERSAL HISTORY. 



Tk> World, e1»wbcn. 



I 1700. dele* ted kt PuJtswa. 



of The Huue 
hctwWQ SlH- 
Land. HollaiT 



undorf. 
1713. Piaanutk 



' 1714. Pewx 
RuWdt 



17 U. RtiMiB:--NanJ tIc- 
tory over the Swede*. 
Aland and Finland cdd- 



1 1716. Nethsriaadi:— Bar- 

lier tnaty irith Auitiia. 

Sweden:— Return of 

Chailce — Pniiaia _ and 
England join tb 



TABULAR VIEWS 



17 18 A.D.- 



, I Prookbu of Bocibtt, • 



GlBlT Bkitun. 



■ppco] from the bul 
cml council ; but without 



171B. Ouulrapla alliuice: t 
poor, Bnglud. Hollatu! 
rnnc« BOBiiut tha dial 



ScotUod by thi 



OF UNIVERSAL HISTORY. 



1719. It»]/:- Sicily 
inv«il«l by the 
Spuiiib. 

Spain: — A1L-. 
oni falU from 



Hungary 1 
lent to t"- 

Tuiki. 



TABULAR VIEWS 



I. PaooKiu o* SociETr, B 



1720. Bunliw 



•iSU 



mt. w. 

kUlSf.' 



c 1724. Swiff* Drapifr't 



It 172S. Lcagua of Hknovcr 

or MemnbauKD by 
England. France, and 



ing'sStiaitdiscovered . 

In Eiwland: 
Pope.Swift, 



17Z7. Great »nhciiuke ii 
New England. 

1T2S. Colton Mather d[ed 
DiKovery of d' 
mina in Bniil. 

ITM. The CMolioj 



1727. GeOTse I. 
"--labui 



'" '^Z""? 



It lodge of PrccmaaDDi in 
Lh of WaiUogMn. 



1733. Savannah founded. 



Beginnins .of the 

w EngT'nd^rrt.. 
the DriDtcT Zencer In 



'■ Triatiit en HttmoH 



1738 A.D. 



OF UNIVERSAL HISTORY. 



169 



■0. 


p...... 


Sfmk and 


GaRMANT. 


THBWOU.D. elsewhere. 


1720 


John Law, coDtroUeT 




1720. Austrtaub 


1720. Sweden^-Tbe queen 




genenl' o£ l.« i, 
nance*. 




taini Sicily ii 
exchanse fot 
Sardinia whici 
y, ^eded to 

1722.CharlBVI 
Ostend Can 


abdicates in favor ct her 

husband. Frederick I. 
1721 It»ly:-Innocent 

XIII pope. 
Peace of Nystadt between 

Sweden and Kuiiia. 
Russia:— Peter as- 

The Dane* re-enter 




Uuil XV. aHumu 






172:i. Italy:— John Gastou 




t .e Bover r. -.ent 






(de' Medici), snndduka 




and the Regency 
comei u an end 






of Tuscany, 








Turkey; — The Turks 










and Russians attempt lo 
dismember Penis, 


1724 


CongrcM of Ciunbray 


1721. Spain:- 




1724. Italy:— Benedict 


-2i 


of Spain and An. 
tria. 


'££& 


1725. Treaty o 
and Auitha. 


Xlll.. pope. 

I., widow of Peter, 
Turkey:— Invasion of 


1721 


Ministry of Cardina 
i'leury. 






1726,™Ru«U:— Alliaoeo 

1727. Turkey:— Peace of 
Bagdad with Persia. 


1721 












including all th 

mi'eu^'and i« dS 
ertcctiiig anythinc 




1731. Charlea VI 
Ostend Com. 


1730. Dennairk:— Chris- 
"italy:— C!<™«xtXH. 
■"RUia^^nne. 


173J 


War of the Poli»l 




U^rfcat of ih< 










Polish succei 


1733. Poland:- Frederick 










Augustus II. The diet 




aifainit Auitiia. 






compelled by il^e Rus- 
sian Array to elect 


173. 




1734. Conquea 




Frederick. 


1731 


Preliminariei 


i^^sifX 


173S. Frelimina 








riej of Vienna, 








Don Carioa 


final p«« not 


Kflnigsbcrs. 




1738. 




IT38. 


Turkey: — Turks dri- 
ven fnm Persia by 
Nad.rShBh. 

1738. — >var with Ruasla 
and Austria, 

1737. Italy:— FiancU of 
Loiraine. grand dulM Q* 
TuKWiy. 



TABULAR VIEWS 



A.D. 


PBOaaiMOrSocirrr, etc 


Ahirica. 


Gkbit Bbitaim. 








Porto Bcllo taken by 




L. Holbarg. DanUh dim 

PradericlcthBGnatmalMi 

military tactica. 
Dunnts. Handel, and Sab 
Bach. muBcal compoa 




1740. Anaon-i voyage 
lound tha world, and 
Mptute of the Uanilm 


1747 


torian. 


1749. Inndon of Florida 
by Indiana and Span- 


1744.E<>E1I«> fleet defMCad 






174H. Louliburejjod Cap. 
fSS; by^the Bng!^ 








'^^St^-^^^To^: 


174S. He 1* defeatad at 

17'7. Victoriea over the 
Frmchoff Belle-Ialoand 
Cape Fini.ter«. 






174S. Peaci of Aix-la- 

buiH to Fiance: Ohio 
Company founded. 
1749, Hngli.h Kttlement 
inNovaScotia Halifax 
founled. 


1748. Peace of Aix-la- 



OF UNIVERSAL HISTORY. 



fnctioni ol 



1740. Wu of the I 



t KroUkB ■: 
Belgrld., " 



XIV.. pope 

Runt- 

UDder icgan 



H Wmr declared a^ni' 



Battlo of Pontenoy, 
■Diet (Meated. 



I 1741. Swaden: — Wat with 
"uMia. Swedo driven 

It of Finland. 
RuHia:— Eliaabeth. 



lei VI 1 

Tira., 
Berlin between 
Pruaai 

The Fiench 
tha Rhine. 

174S.Charl«3VIL 



1743, — P»ce of Abo with 
Sweden siveo to Riueia 
■outhem Finland. 

Turltey:— War with 
Penia, Defeat near 
Erivan. 

-Hoitiliciea 



1744. 



between Frei _ _ 

Ttal>:— Northern 
luly occnnled by 
French and Spaniaida, 

I74S.—PanBa, Milan, and 
Piacenia. Genoa bom- 
bardsd by the Bnillah. 



ManhalSaxe 



Netl 



elands; Had 



r 1740. Ferdl 

nand VI ' 
Spain. 






al Saie def eaU 
. . duke ' •■ 

French fleet defeated 
by Haw- 

Bellcltle. 




1731. Netheiland*:— Wik 
liam v.. atadtholdCT. 

Denmark ; —Uiniattr 
of Count Bernatoiff. 

Sweden;— Home of 
HnltUiiv-CAA.Mnv'. WtaJi- 



TABULAR VIEWS 



..D.lPftoaRBis orSocnrr. etc. 



1^. 
...Bnade, 
ChuKhill. 

Hqnnh, Wilaon. mnd 
Joibua Riynoldt, pklnt' 



Orbit BatiAii 



t Necemtv.— I...^ 

1 ] « e • (Columbia. 
adRl. 
Defeat of Bnuldock 



1768. RepulH 



it TiC0nd«O8« 

Fort Da Ouorr 

taken by the Engluh 

Louiabuiv captured b] 

Gen. AmhEm, 
17fiQ. tnvuion of Canvli, 

—death o( Wolfe- 
Capture of' Niaiara 



n Point, and Tkoi 



1763. End of 



17S7. VictoiT o* FlaMMcy. 



1700. Naval victories o< 

Lams, and in Quiber 

Sunt, in India, lata 

1780. George III. 



1761, Earl of But< 



Conquest of Hav. 



England: Canada 



Ul^w^ad. 



1765 A.D. OF UNIVERSAL HISTORY. 



A^.| Francs 


Spain and 


Gmhiany. 


Thi V/OKUi, elicwberc. 




the Ohio counUy. 








I7M 


TheloBofDupleix- 


175S. Earth- 




17M. Tiiikey^-Othnum 

1755. Italy: — TheCorrf- 
c*n« under Paoli, revolt 












War." 




^Y™'W«bc" 


l7M'™Sd£r^"C.leutU 
taken by Sunuh Dow- 
lah of BcngaU the Black 
















Battle of Lo 










bwitU won. 










Aliiancewitt 










Fisnce. 




ITSJ 


InvMioD ot Hanovei 




1757. PruBian. 


1757, Tittkey:— Mtutapha 




by th« Fienih 




victorioiu ai 


111. 








sr- "S5 






fated at ' lUw 




Leutben: de 






bach. 




f<«t«l ai Kol 
lin and Gnna 




175) 


Defeat at Crefeidt 




lTi^k*Frnu:b de 


I75S. 1 1 a 1 r ;— aameiA 




on the Rhine. 




{«ted at Cre 

feldt. 


Xm.. popi. 




th. Frncb off Cap. 


1759. Chaifei 


1759. and at Mm 






Bay. 


II I. in Spun 


Dsadcnnuk 




17a 


Loaa of an Canada. 




1760' Freder.d 
defeated at 
Landihut, vie 






The Bourbon Pam 






17S1. Indiit-Sitn and 




c'Knra2i.-w. 




niti and Tor- 


capture of Pondicherry. 




by Uw Engliita. 




1«3?' PruBHani 
Durkendorf. 


17u2.'Kin^?£'^of My»r, 

founded by HyderAlL 

Ruisia:— Peter 111. 


t<»«i Prance. Snam 
ceded to dnx 




1763. Peace 






Hubertsburg, 




"yr^ of th. 






ITAl. Poland:— Sunidau* 












1755. JoKph II 


1705. India:— Treaty of 








Esubli^h^t of ft 










5t».na iVLYe oS. t-ivAKi 



TABULAR VIEWS 



i;66 A.D.- 



Gbkat Butaih. 



I7a6 Wallii and Ci 
I Mge of diio 
I South Sou. 

1767 Spinning .jenn 
I by iUr^rei 



- ITM. Sump ActrepMOed 



in Ens- 



1768 Coak'i lint voyase of dii 

Bruce besim eiplontioi 

of Ifae Nile. 
Royal „Acadi 



1T«8. Biitiih tcoopa i 



176t 



... England: 

Reymldi (int 

L«tten of Juniu. 



ITSa. Stamp Act lepealed. 

New minutry undcTtlia 

eaii o[ Chatham . 
1787. Fiirt war with Hyder 

Ali in Myiore beaini. 

1708. The Wilka a«iCa- 



[' ITW. Hyder AU ptnudcn 



1772. Hancock.S. Adami 



1773. Tea deitroyed i 



1774 Priettleydiscovenoayseii. I 



jccted by the coloniea. 



'l7. battle of 



(alU at Ouebec. 



'a and Uootieal, and 



OF UNIVERSAL HISTORY. 



Franca on the diath o 






BilftrHags of the dauphEi 



LVwnon ceded to the pope 
■Iter the (uppreokm oi 






•N. Spain:— J(«uiU ex- 

. Indi*:— Hrdec All re- 

1798. Wat bM^un'Ronia 
1 the Ottoman Bm- 



17M. Po» qement XIV. 



The^ 
cupiei n 
Moldavia. 



"Hii 



quired beintf rnade i 



1T72. Fine partition of 
Poland. amOTLA Ruwa, 

1773. Ottoman Empire: — 

pulwd at Vania and 
aiiitria. 

Pope aement abnl- 
iibeatb* order of JeauiU. 

Riuua :— Revolt of th* 
CotMCic Pnoalchefl, 
caJlinc hinu^ Cnr 
Peter. 

Ottoman Empln: — 
Abdul Hamid luccMd*. 

1774. India:— Watron 
HattingB, tint Bntieb 
■ovemor general. 

Peaca of Kutcbuk- 
Kainarji betirnen Ruaia 
■nd Tutiie)', 



,76 



TABULAR VIEWS 



1776 A.D.- 



Unitbd Statii. 



■ 1776. The cit/ of L 



Goldsmith. 
Warburtor 

feS.- 

Konie-^ 
Pridtlc)', 
Horsley, 



Condjllac. 



Moil] trie dcfeaU ths Engl 
Declaration o( Inde- 
pendence. July 4. 

Anwriciini under Put- 
nam and SulUwn de- 
feated on Long Iilaod, 

Uittleof White Plain. 
Oct. 28. 

Bitlle ot Trenton, 



Capture of 1 .conderosa by the BiiUah. 
Battles of Princeton, January 3; B«i 
Aug. 1D|^ Brandywine, September 11, a 



r. September IB. 
PhikdelpbU Uken by the I 
jeimaniown. Oct. i: Battle of 

Arttclsa of confadera 
tnn. adopted by Con- 



ih.— Battle of 
itqsa, Oct. T: 
.Oct. 17. 



fj Death < 

of thcSand»i<:h'ui; 
by Captain Cook. 



trival of the : 
; under D'E.ti. ,. 
lassacn of Wyoming. 

Engliah. 

1770. wlyna 
Stony Point. 

Paul Jones'a vlctoiy 

off Plamborough Uauf, 

England. 

ri 17807flriti.h take Charlee- 

l; battle of Camden; 



Appearance of Kant'f^ 



Dekalb 

Battle of King*« Moi 

1781. 'Battle of Cowi 
■ by Mo 
Guilfc 



1780. War wfth Hyder AH. 



'^.'' 



vallig at Yorktowr 



Crasse's fleet at Domi 



e of Vemilles: 



by Great Briuin. 



y 17M. Pint onlini 



le United Sutes acknowledged 
, 17S3. Pill, the younger, 
1784. Peace with Tippoo 



: of North- Sahib. 



OF UNIVER&AL HISTORY. 



u help for the Ameri' 



ITTt St. VlnceM Mid Gnuda 



I7S( Rochunbcau 



1778.."W«iof lJieB»v»- 

■ulting from Joccph Il.'i 
■ttanpt to acquire ut- 
riloiy in Bavana. 



1777. Portugal : — U»ria, 



17TS. India:— Warbetweai 
HahnlUi. 



, Deduatkm of t 






ifloiephll. 1783.Gibn1larbe]d««Bin» 

of dealh Spanish and ffench, 

Mooaitenn. India :— Ri« □[ chie 

I of UahraLtai. 



gainat the chunti. I Criinea unit«d to 

4. Jowph II. atl«nipti 17M. Pitt'i India Bill: In- 
} open the Scheldt to! dian affair placedunder 
■vi(fttioa. I tin Bqu& t^ ^ncVcA.. 



i;8 



TABULAR VIEWS 



1785 A.D.- 



i.D. jProorbu orSociBTT. etc 


— 


GU4T B»TUtt. 


I7SS 


of explontion in »■ 


"SfJSt-S&a 






South'p«nfic. 


Suta of America to 
Gi«t BriUin; Jefiewia 




1780 


BDni'*i>o«>«pabU«lud. 


17B6.Shi.^'i RebellioD in 


1786. Weiren Huliii«i 














1TS7. Wureo Hutinse 






"tea'«u»,». 


impeubed. 
Fim CDDiricU trana. 






of tho United State*, 


17B8. TEw loos Inaane. 


1788 




17SB. Uorietta in Ohio set- 




tied. 


Death of Charles Edward 








ing*. 


178! 


?ss;-''->s-ss:i^,^ 


17t«. Geoixe Weihington 




tisavliu. 


HteS^^. HunUton. 
Knoi. lind Rudolph 






Tom P^D*. 


form the abinn. 






FItber Anw. 








Huuh Uon. 
















Hori«nd. 
















Kisiicki. Poliih Buthon. 








Alfi«ri, luli*n poet. 








Haydn. 








Mo»n. 


















17B1. Pint United Sutea 


17B1. Death of John 






But 


Weiley. 






Vermont admitted to 








the Union. 








'%£-£r«: 














e«Ubliihed. 





OF UNIVERSAL HISTORY. 



IftTbs aRair of tbc Dlunond 1' 
N«cklM« inciMHa tha 
□Dpopularitr of Mute 



— Denth of 



17Sij Sarond 



miiiury upriainfi at 
N.^^«pp™.a by 

April 2. death of Uin 





eland a Rcpublii: by 
Conventkjn; Nov. .„ 
Damourlet defeaLa ttie 



1T90. TuKur;— Perdi- 



n. Contermc* of PQi 

hitwem Leopold II, i 

William II. ol 



Uaini. 

Ufayet: 
Olmuta. 



TABULAR VIEWS 



A,n. 


Pbdcrhgb of Society, etc. 


Ukitk) 8tat«8. 


Gusiz Bkitun. 




Whitney', ootton gin. 


17S3. Waahington »*lec 
Neutrality in regal*] 


1793. First coalition agaiort 
France, directed by Ena- 
land^ — Auitria, the em- 


1794 


Pari* founded. 


ITM. Jay-i treaty with B 
Commeneement of Ibe 

Whukey Iniuimlioa' in 


gi>t»]. 

French driven from 
CoTBica. 




triiveller 


>™;W^.j™,ywith 


1795. War with Holland. 
Cape of Good Hope 

Waiifen Hastings ac- 


179C 


Jenner begina vaccina- 


1796. WMhioeton declines 

1797. John Adam), lecond 
pr*.rdenl. 

The X Y Z papers. 


1736. Outbreak of Irish 
rebellion. 






1798. War with France, 

in-ehief. The Alien and 
Sedition Laws: Che Vir. 
Binia and Kentucky 
Reaolutiona. 


1798. Irish rebellion.- 
Nelsons victcry at the 
batlle of the N Je. 


1701 


Voltaie pile invented. 




1799. Second coalition 
against France.— Serin- 






ton. D. CT ^ 


"|iSnd°'..«a."-S 



OF UNIVERSAL HISTORY. 



L™i 'XVl.: Mareh IB. 
Dumouhci defeated at 
Netrwindeo; April. 



Reign ri Tenor. 
Oct. S, popular insu 



Id by Itar- 
wnBooH' 
. Conven- 
1 by Di- 



pKHise of tbe 
ID ot ISth Prnctl- 



170a. Pruiria 



Bon«pute'a expeditir 



170C The French ei 



Second co«lition 



and Jourdan. Retui 
of Bonaparte. Revoh 
tion of the ISth Bn 
maire. Bonaparte, fir 



Battle of Uarengo, Bonaparte defeats the Attatriani 
under UeUa —MomuV victory of Hotienlindei 
uler the Aichdukc John. 

I 



HlbySuv 



17J9. Ruuiani. under 
Suvoron. win the ba[tle« 
ofCauanoandNovi.but 
(under Konakofl) are 
ddeaied al Ziirich by 
Hasina. 

lepp. Armed neutraUCy of 

Pope Piiia VII. 



TABULAR VIEWS 



. PKOoaiuorSociiTT, I 



Uhitbd Statbi. 



Okbat Butaih. 



i Pittti ditcovan tha u 



1. ISOl Battle of Aleundria. 
Pnnch defeated by 
AberciDmby. Pitt re- 
i^pii. niccaeded byAd- 



Ohki enten the II 



■1 Pint locomotive iteun 
engine uied 
Merthrr Tydi 

WftlM. 

M Codi Napt. , 

miilaited in Ptuice. 

4 Lewi* anil Cluk'i upodi- 

" -lyMoun. 



ISCe. Fmcbue of LonW- 1 
^^MaMe 

laoi. Decatiu 



The Lewis 



IdUs H^miltoii, 
' ' ind Cluk 

ce-electcd 



ISOS. Third coelitioo. 



e General Uaivenitv (Uni- 






:. The Engliih, under 
ilaism^anifwintba 



9 Univenitvot Berlin (oond- 1 



Madlaon. 



ISOO, Pi(tli coalition. 



I809 A.D. 



OF UNIVERSAL HISTORY. 



Tea WoKLD, aliei 



1803 Bunk of Foince. 



Victoria of EyUu on 
the Pniuiui and Ru 
liAiu and of Piiedlan 

loved by [hs ptmct i 

TLliit in which Pnmi 



ISM. Tba Genua < 



Awtfiui ompalsD, battle of Austerllti. 



:ic territoriea erected 



SOI, RuuU:^Alaxuider 

The kinsdom of 
Etniria cncted, Daniih 
Heet at CopenhaHO de- 
feated by Nelnn. 
a02. Italian Republic:— 
Bonaparte preaident. 



1S03. Indli:— Gi«at Mah- 
French dri"'Bn from 



IBOO. Holland :- 



1807. Ottoman Bmpin:— 



aOe. Spain: — Perdlnand 

VII. and Charle* IV. 
compelled to renounce 
their clainu; Joseph Bo- 
oapane made liins. 
Naplee:— Uurat Idna. 



VI. 



— Frrderi 



Ottoman Empini 



ISOO. Sweden:— C h a r 1 e ■ 
xni r Bemadotte be- 
princa royal. 



TABULAR VIEWS 



. PROGRESaOr SOCTB 



Uhitid 8tat» 



G»*T Bkitiih. 



' "'s;: 



LiaU Bell. 

Indians on the Vl 
buh, defeated by Co 



3 tSll. Georse, prince of 

Wal™, prince Reaent. 

;th« king being insane). 

Batllo □( Rentes ds 



Anuricui Board of Corn- 1 
Misnoni. founded. 



. of Can&d« u' _ . .. 

Gen. Hull luiTenden Detroit to tlie British. 
Tbe CoHililtilioH captuiea ths Gittmirr. 

1 1S12. Lord Liverpool p 

Wool victorious It QueenstoVn Oct. 13. 
CapUin Jonei, in ,ttie Waip caplura the Fra 

The OniltdSlaUi. CipUin Decatur, captu 
the British friEvtc Mactdonian. 
The CmsliMitm. Captain Bainbridge. captu; 
the British fricate 7au- 



1813, Peiry'a 

Uke Ene. 

Battle of 1 



iIlinBlDn. Bat tie 
n 1813. Battle of ViUc 



Scott's Wavtrity. 



The, NoTik AmtrKOn Ri- 1 

Safety lamp invented by 
Sir Humphrey Dav 

In England.- 

KeatsiRcE. Heher, Sh 

Ciabbe. Sir Walter Scott. 
Dynin, ColeridHe. L« ' 

In Fraocer" 

Mad. de Sta^l. Mad. 

Genlia. Chateaubri 

Cuvier. 
Melendu Valdei, Spanish 

Bild«iiyk. Dutch. 

W. SchlegeL P. Schlegel. 



BtChippewB and Lundy'i 
Lane: McDonough'a vic- 
loryon Lake Cham plain : 
British repulsed from 
Baltimore: Hartford 
Convention. 

City of Waahini 
burnt by the Britis. . 

Peaceof Ghent siitned, Dec. 3. 



. Sweden, Gr 

. .. I, and Austria. 

9 1814. Treaty o( Chaum, 



l8lS A.D. 



OF UNIVERSAL HISTORY. 



185 



810. South Anwric*;— 
Revolt of tbt ^nish 
colonic*; upriiins* <a 
VoneiueU. Uruguay, 
Pusguay, Chila, BuBwa 
Ayrea. tnd Uexico. 

SlI. Ravolotion in Paru. 



Bftttle* of £iol«iik ■ 

M«coir entered by t 

buimd by tbie Riuii4: 



18 IS. Aiutrik In • 



(tond; lAuii XVIII. 



Bon«p«ne Tctmn* from 
Elba. Thg tluDdml 
Days. Napoleon vic- 
tonoui at iJsny. Bat- 
tis of Waterloo. The 
. enter ParU. Bona- 
haniihed to St. 



ivardriveitlHi Spaaiarda 
from Caiacas.—Ueuco 



1814. Union of H< 
and Belgium.— Pa 
Kiel between Den 

Sweden, and Enali 
Union of S ^ 

donuunderOD 



1616. Conerea of Vienna 
eflects tlie political n- 

Gainianic Coofedeia- 



S& 



The "Holy AUiwice" 
' — Ruuia, Prunia. and 
Auitria, later joined by 



TABULAR VIEWS 



18:5 A.D.- 



Uhited Statbb. 



GBB4T BUTAIK. 



3«cond United Staua Bank 
capital t3S ,000,001 



[nvention ol the ■Utbo' 
■cope. — Appeanncg ol 
HaJUm'a Ewopt Duritu 
Ikt \fiddU A»ts,—Vai- 
venity of Bonn founded. 



1816. United Suta Bank 
Ind^na admitted. 






ISIS. Bomlwdment </ 
Alsien,— Ri»e of popu- 

Fieldi lio 

IS 17. Continued 1 
and antpensit 
Uabcsa Coipua Ac 



-The Spa- 
lls 



c by steam, hy the Sav 



Miaaouri admitted. 



1818. The PelerJoo r 



"Wffi 



)bica dedptiarad 



123, Canning opposes the 
Holy Alliance and fur- 

of'the Soul'ii .^erican 



1 825 A.D. 



OF UNIVERSAL HISTORY 



187 



riu Chunbiv Intiouvftble 



^onsRai of Aix-la-Chap- 

(oKiBn troop*. — Fmnce 
»in* tb* '^'Holy Ah 



3«th of Napolaon mi 



181B. The (Siet of the G>r- 
1 Coofederatioa u 
lUa U Pnnkfait. 



3 iodamnitrol l.OO 



Thi Wouji. elHwben. 



Ifiloth ObmovlMh. 



1810, PortuBBl:— Jobs VL 



1818. Sweden :— Chulw 
XIV, (Benudotte). 
India:— Th« MahnCta 



Kotntnia lead* b 



120. Consmi of Troppau 

Napla. "" "° "" 
iS21. Coagnm of mc 
anba at Laybach, 

Moldavia under t 
leadanhip of AlexaiKi 
Ypailanti who ia ipeedily 

1822. Consnu of Veroni 
-^eclant iUelf againil 



, Republic 



1B31. Greek molt in the 
'^ Morea. 

South Amerioi;— 

Peni and Guatemala 

indepeadent. 



1832. BiaDl declared W) 
^ MMCol^ltSiSdT' 
CttcIc dedaimtion of 
ndependcDce. 

Maoacre of Scio and 
aptuR of Acrppoli* of 

IBM. ^KalJ:— lSS XII. 
pope. 



1B24. Death of Lord Btkki 
at MiMOlonshi. 

The Spaoiarda OTer- 
whelmed by Geoenl 
Sucre at Aymcucho in 



Ueundet VolU din. db- 






TABULAR VIEWS 



Uhitid Statis. 

ISSe. Daith D< JeFFentm 
kod Jobn Adam*. July 



mpbcU, 

In. Hsmana. 
lulwn, 
f"B«rry__Coiii- 



iX' 



Swaden: 
ENthliiini. 



!J. WebiCcr, Wheaton, 
Irving, Kent. 

^oapcr. Story, 



1827,. Completion of fi 



I. Bnutmcnt o[ ■ hub 
□tective tariH — t^( 



1320. Goienl 



ident of th' 



Grkat Britaik, 



of th* Bum»a « 



between En«Und. Kus 






i30. The Webster-Hnyire 1830. Williai 
tlcbate in Congress con- Grey, nuoii 
cerninc State* lUgbu. 



Ti Luke Tchad to the 



1830 A. D. 



OF UNIVERSAL HISTORY. 



Till WoKLD. elwwhen. 



1826. Ruinft:— War with Penu. 

PonusiJ: — Maria da Glori*. qoMO. 
Grms:— MiHolonehi aod Aclieiu (1S27) U 



!7 DiibandiasofltwNatkina] 
"--ltd— enalion □( a 
' chambci of Pccn. 



1827. Treaty of LoDdonconcludMlbyRuala.Pi 
and Great Britain i" n-l.iu.n tn r.mir* 
Greece r— Battle 

The Ruuiani 
Ths Tuikiib fleet U 



9 PolignaG mioiitn'- 



1S39. Italy:— Pius VIII.. pope 



Balkatu and cntH 
iicniiCB indvpendcnce ol 
I Ruiiia ovei lloldavia 



Belgium revolU 

Independent by tt 

Polub itnigsle £1 



eclared by the Greal 
illand, and U declared 



TABULAR VIEWS 



183 1 A.D.^ 



... 




1B3I 


The Pactory Bill In Bug- 1831. The Idna of the NetheiUndi make* hia award 




land, limrtin« the hook 






of laW for childnm. 


^s^tSsS;T£r;^L^ ,0.. »^i-. 










Librraur beaun by Gar- 


Reform Bill introduced. 








Cholera Sist appears 


183S 


^^S:S^'Sl"^- 


832. Nullification in South 
Carolina. - Genenl Jac k - 


1832. Rrfora Bill passed. 




Tnde unions in Eniiland. 


■on's celebraced procla- 






Praoce. Gennany, Swif 


mation. —Organiation 








1833. a.y'i Compromlae 
Removal of the de- 










1*33 


iUverr aboliihnl In the 
Brituh calonie*. 


poaita of the United 
Stato from th* D. S. 


"a?ffi^S"r 






Jlnrtl College, at Phlla- 


Bank. 


covary in aearch of a 






Gmera] Jackaoa «- 

SiS^S'.""""" 


Northwest Passage. 


1834 


Inqui>itk>o aboUahed In 


8.34 The president cm- 


1834. Sir Robert Peel, 




»u^d by the Senate for 








removing the deposits. 




1831 


De TocqueviUe'a Hiiiory of 








].£st;xs.''^s 








of^IiXI.OOOtotheUnited 






States for the establish- 








ment of an institution 
























among men." becomes 














IS36 


The Luxor obdUienctod 


IS3S. The national debt of 


IBaa.Bneland takea part 




at Paris. 


the United Slates bei.« 






paid, the luiplua revenue 


the CarlisU in Spain. 






!r divided among the 








Sutea. 








Massacre of the Ala- 








mo and the defeat of the 








Mexican, by the Te«m 








at San Jacinto. 








The independence of 












1S37 


S. F. B. Monetakeaouta 


1S37. Uartin Van Buren, 1837. %^ctoria queen. 




patent (or bis electro- 


Ithpniideot 




magnetic lelegnph (in- 


PiVncial crisis. 




vented 1S32). 






Appeannce of Cailyle's 


"saSiTsisa. 




Dkkens'a Picki»ith Pa- 






ptrt. 


I8.IS. CooSTCas refuse) to 






receiTB anti-ilavery pe- 





1838 A.D. 



OF UNIVERSAL HISTORY. 



.... 


P»AHC>. 








1831. Bra.il:— Revolution; Dom Pedro II., miperDT. 
"Klly:^««orT XVI., pope. 


1832 


Pari* during funeral ot 
General Lamarque. 
Ministry of Manhal Soult. 

don t^nference; they 


1832. The Idnedom of Gmce founded; Otbo I., 
•est to Siberia. 


1S33 


Guint orgaaite* comnnn 


1833. Spain:— Icibella IL, queen; Don Carloa claim* 

Egypt:— Uchemet Ali receive* Syria (roai the 
Mexieo:-SanU Anna, preajdent. 






1834 


Death of L4fayMtB. 


1831. Quadruple alliance— England . France, Spain, 
and Portug*]. agaiMt Dom fliguel and Don Carlo*. 

183S. Aiutria:— Perdicand I., emperar. 


1836 


L^Na^eonatStr^ 


'^^i^^liR' ""^ "«"* '*"'*' "" ~^- 


1887 


°rS"- " "^ 




1838 


Tallenand din. 

"IS—"-- 


1838. Ue»co:~Tbe eaitle of Sao Jou d'Ultoa takra 
by the Pr»och. 



TABULAR VIEWS 



1839 A.D.- 



A.D. 'PaooiBiaorSociiTT. etc. 


Ukitid SraTBS. 


0„.,B.„.„. 


lua 


Th« dMUwreotvoe Id 






veoteTin Pari^ 


"disputed territoiv," 
betwMn Hain* and New 


bttuiSrSi 












ly Party formed. 


With China. 






Rendkn in »ew York. 


The ri*e of the Chut- 
ist agitation. 


1S40 


Fenny pottase lyitem In 




1840. The nnifortn penny 








or '""^ -"'■ 




Wheatitone'i jcopro*e- 






ment of the electric 




Maniage of Quera 




telegraph in Eosland. 




Britain taking [art with 

Sypt. Lord Palmer- 
ston'i foreign policy 
excites the ill-wUl ot 
Pnnce, Chutist riots. 


1841 




1841. V. H. HuifMKi. 






Bth pnddent 








Ho die. April 4. 








John Tyler succeeds 
blm, as lOth pmldent. 














Failuie o( the attempt 
















Sute« Bsnk owing to 












1843 


"I'.SS.'ffl'.^ffi 


U^2"^^*- Dorr Insur- 
rection in Rhode Island. 


1842. Tha war with Chins> 




Bain'i electro . magnetic 




ceded 10 Gnat BriIB°n1 




telegraph patented in 




Chinese ports opened to 




London. 




trade. 








British disssten in 




Firat UH of ether Mt «n- 




Afghaniitan 




Mthciic br Dr. Long of 


Webster-Ashburton T 


reaty between the C. S. 




and Bnoland, settling th 








£nd^ the SemiLole 
war. 


1843. Great "Repeal" 

Tara Rill and the arrest 
ofO^Connell. 

The British, giLin poi- 


1844 


f^an Calholic™urch 


1845. Texas annexed to 


lW4""3anfel^o'conneir» 




the United Slates. 


trial and imprisonment 




under Rontw. in Ger- 


Anli.«ntriolsinNe« 








York. 


by the House of Lords. 




German CathoiicChurcb. 


James K. Polk. 11th 




1845 


Lord Roue'* telescope. 




184S, Sir John FranUin 






•"noridS; admitted. 


Northwest Passage 

The outbreak ot the 
Sikh »-ar. 


1846 


DJ«overy of the planet 


1848. War with Uoaico. 


1S46. Famine in Ireland; 




Neptune, predicted by 


Hostilities commence 


the repeal of the l,om 




Levemer and Adams. 


onthDRioGrBnde.April24. 
Battle of Palo Alto. 

'battle of Resac.de la 


Laws. 








/ 




Palma, May S. 





1846 A.D. 



OF UNIVERSAL HISTORY. 



Tui WoKLD, dHwben. 



1830. Fmm bMwa«n Fnoco utd Mcidco. 

Chin*.— The opium trade forbidden. 

Turkey at mr with BayDt. The Turki cni*b*d 
by Ibimhim Puha at Niiib. Uahmud II. luc- 
caeded by Abdul Medjid who formulatta tBFonsi 
in the Hstii-eherif ol Gulhane. 

India:— ^huini taken by the Biitiih. 

Dtnmarlf:— Chiiitian Vlll. lucceedl. 
Prince Looia Napolson at- 1S40. China:— Canton blockaded by the Bngllih, to 
compel the renewal of the opium trade. 

Hoi land :~Wil1iam I. abdicates. William II. 
Buccsed*. 

SyTia:^Acn taken by the Bnc 

GuiioC Spain;— CaiilM toaunection tuppTMiai]. 



at Han 



retlrei 



miniitaT for foreljrn 

The rem^ni of Napoleon 
removed from St. Hele- 
na, and depoaitad with 

Klinlidei. in ParU. 



IS4I. China: — Canton Uken by the Britiih. 



■ himaelf at the head of 1 



enter* tba capital * 






r IMS. India:— Brittah withdraw fnnn A^hanktan. 
Natal taken by the Britlih. 
China:— Ptua with Great Britain: Hong-Kona 



— The Regent Eapaitero o' 
Penona! rule of tiabella •>. 
— Kinfi Otho compelled to accept 

Scinde annexed to the Britieh Empiro. 



G Louii Napoleo 



PoUnd:— An uni 
icow. The cily de 
] annexed to Auatr 
Rome:— Pim IX., 



tuful inaurrection 



TABULAR VIEWS 



1846 A.D.- 



PHOORBII or'SociiTT, t 



a Tha planet Ncplun 
covered . — G lOle'i 
lory 0/ Grtta be, 



GUAT BUTAIH. 



ij JiJ| 



MUbliibinc ad ntlorni 

duties. 
Capture 01 Uontonv. 



Appausaee □ ( Thadieny '1 
Vaniiy Fair, LokkH's 
Biglcai Fat*ri»rti Mitl's 
PolMcttl Ecotiomy. Gold 
diicovcnd iu Calif omw.i 



184T. Battle at Buou 
ViiU. February 23. 

Vera Crux nirrenclfn, 
llanh 2S. 

Battle of CeriD Gonli 
Apiil 18. 

Battle at Con tram 
Auguat 20. 

BatUe of Uolirm d^ 
Bey, September S. 

Battle 0/ Chapul tepee, 

September 14, 

Mormoai alabliit 
Salt I.alie Cil_y. 
B4S. Treaty of P«m wltti 

loupe Hiloalao, Feti. 2. 



tmueiiQ iralaivL Large 
■uppliei of food Hnt from 
the United Scats; ex- 

Deatb ofO^Counll. 



i. Ditorden in Ireland. 



I Ponnation o( the Preq Habeas Corpus 

Soil Party. impended " 

BiteonveBmirrationtroni Baropa to Ameri«« during July. 

' i* year, pArticnUrly frog ' "- 



ml^^S^. 



OF UNIVERSAL HISTORV. 



...,l 


AusraiA. Pttussi* 


Thi WoaLo, elaewbece. 






I8«. Auitria take* 
















cow. 




1847 


Refonn buiqueU in Stna 


lS47,PTaada:— Fred- 


IS47. Hayti:— Soulouque, pml- 




buTK. Chkrtrc. <lc. 




dent, Maich 2. 








Sardinia:— Charts Albert 






Diet. 


initiate, reform.. 




D«. 




AlBien: — Abd<l-Kade( 












Dec. 22. 






IMS 


Debate oo the Refom 




1S4S. Italy:— Sicily in levolu- 




BUI. Feb. & 


Vienna and fall of 






ProiKned banquet at P« 












Northem Italy rue* againn 




Revolution commenced 


Buda-Peatb. Mar, 


Aiulria-Charlei Albert oi 




Feb. 2:;, 


16-17 ;in«urrection 


Sardinia dedans war againit 




Barricadea erecled, Feb. 


in Berlin. Mar. IS- 


Auitria in March; the Sar- 








dinian* defeated at Cuitona 




''afd £'e.'."iS:b.'iS"""* 


Frankfort Mar. 31. 


in July and Auitriani occupy 




Pro vino nal Eovemment 


Pruaiia at war 


s£„-aj;"S-c'-.sa 




established. 






pmident, Feb. 2i. 


ffi^-JH; 


minuter, Roaai, Nov. 








French Repubhc pro 
claimed, Fib. 27. 


May 17; inauirec- 






matiii' <rf Tf™-' 


king abdicta in favor of hi* 




Meeting of the Nationa: 






AtmBobW. May 4. 


garian National 


Denmark:— Frederick VII., 




Social in iniurrection. May 










Uunsariani pre- 


Hol«ein. Hatch. 




Bloody iiMurrection in 


Poland :—UDSucceBful ra- 




Pari, June 23-26. 




volt at Cncow. April. 




Cavai«nac. military dicta 


They defeat the 


Sicily declarei itielf inde- 




tor" June 24. 


Croatian Ban 


pendent, April. 




Pari! in a nale ot litgt- 


Jeilachkh, Sept. 


Holland receive, a connlln. 






M. 


tion, April. 








Sicily:— The duke of Genoa 






Vienna, Oct, e. 


elected king. July 10, 






The emperor 


AmiiMicerienedbelwo.o 




10. 


teava the city. 


Denmark. Pnuaia, and Swa- 








'^^'dl"'' Mi-in.bomb«ded 






S,^¥Ei'\! 


and uim. br the loyal bmtm 






Vienna. Oct- 11, 


S«pt.T. 






















der of the imperial 








amy. 





196 



A.D. PhOOKIU OF SOCIIT 



TABULAR VIEWS 



Uhitbd Stateb. 



t EDiicnmtloD boa Europe .. ._. 
^ " Clw aM of 1000 m day. 



Great asitadon on tht 
Staverv Queilion in thr 
United Slates Congreu 
k University louodcd al 
Svdney, New South 

Death* in 1S50: 

l.IudKm, |Wonli 



iCT. leilre; 
Neant 



ISSO. Deatb of Presidt 
Taylor. 

Uil)Hrd Pill mors. 13It 



Okbat BuraiH. 



1S49. UoultaD. la IndiL 



1S50. A British fleet block- 
ade) the ports of Greece, 
to enforce the tWrgti 
claims of British sub- 
dan, Sept. 



1850 A.D. 



OF UNIVERSAL HISTORY. 



.... 


F-.HC.. j Au.r«*^P««..u. 


Tarn WoKLD. elHwhera, 






1848. ITie «n»n>r 
















na. "^'unBarian. 








driven from Vien 








na. October SO. 








The Impeiraliit* 
under WindiKih 








Set. 31. 








PerdiTUDd abdi- 








cate!, Dec. 3. 








Fimoci. Joeeph 
















'"ttS!" P?SS^o 
















18l9™e' P!^on 


'^UiiS'ir^''J^.r ffa^ 












the imperial crown 


lini and othen. Peb. 8. 














Pruuian kmg whi 








decline In.il r 


ment piodaimed. Feb. 9. 






rectioni In Dre^len 


Charlei Albert of Sardinia 








defeated by Radetiky, Uarcfa 
21— again totally delta ted at 






pniaed; ^tion^ 






Novata, March 23, he abdi- 






between' Deninark 


calB the throne in bivor of hil 






■on, Victor Emanuel I. 






and Pnuna, July 








10. Riwia bnn^ 


April 1. 






aid to Austria 


Rome: — The Pnnch army. 






aaaiMttbeHunga 


deipatcbed to the aid of the 
pope, amvea under the walla 






liana, Feb.; Hun 






alir»rffl-!s 


of Rome, April 29. 












2Ti Hunoary de 
clana iU indepen- 


French, July 2. Garibaldi 
leava the city. July 3. 






dence. April ^M; 


The governoient placed io 






Haynaucruihei 














Terneav4r; Gorgey 


™lST»i^-""- 












RuHani*al VilA- 


Auitrian power in Nortbem 






fi^Sn'^ieto- 


Italy re-ertablithed. 






lution ii cnuhed? 




ISfiO 


Louii Philippe diM fa E08- 


isao. Pnueia:— The 






l»nd. 


kin« take* the oath 










I8.W. Rome — Thepopereturai, 




called from London, ia 




April, and revokei libera] 












Btjiih claim on Untcs. 








U>j,22. 


of Great Britain for lojma of 




Hay 16. 


Britifh nihjecli: ii forced to 




New electonl law. re- 


Munich between 


.ubmit- 






AiutrU. Bavaria. 


Chinai-Outbreak ol tho 




Saxony, and Wfir- 


Taipins rebellion. 












Unkra. Feb. 27.- 






Dotation "sill. giving the 








!=,.»7^sr 







TABULAR VIEWS 



1850 A.D.- 



A.a. PBouBns or SociiTT. et 



Encland 1 



colored) •niimprii 

Appearance of Teriayioa'' 
ArM«»>ru«;DictcRi'e 
David Copturtifld; W>a- 
























































18S0. "Hie CUyton-Bulim 
treaty with Englunc' - 
reganl to an Inl 

Dintnion ' Meetings 
held at Natchei (many 
PRsent oppoaed to dia- 
union); at Ymioo City 
(retolutioDi propowd 
voted down). Oct. "" ■ 
Na»hvillBjtlil» CO 






■earch of Sii 

-.jlclin. completely 

ltd In the ice. Sept. 

'- tbeit northerly 

ch lat. 7fi* 23'. 



Conventipni held to 

of the Sutei ol Indiana 
(Od. 7), Vireinia (Oct. 
14). Maryland (Nov. 4). 
New Hampihire (Nov, 
6). 

Naldaio Lopei and 
Mben tried at New Of 
leana [or engaging * 



HOlMmatin on tti 



S.ll. Lopex lands in Cuba 
at thelieadof a lilibua- 
terinf cjipedLtion; ia 
captured and executed. 
Genenil Quilman of 
Miaaiiuppl arresteil '~-' 
alleged violation o£ ..._ 
neutrality law of ISIS, 
b^ setting on foot a 

agalnstCuba. lIciEsign! 
hiB officB of governor 
Feb. 3. 

InitUI point of thi 
boundary between thi 
United States and Mexi 
CO eatsbliihed on thi 
right bank of the Ric 



Oreat Bbitaih. 



nnsucceoful, Sept. 28. 



■ of hit 



rh^l 



Remy and Be«hy £l- 

Wdi iogton Channel, Oct. 

Appointment by the 



'Sliuiell. 



from LOTd Russell, the 



SSI. A strong force ol 
KaHira attacks Fort 
White, Cape o( Good 
Hope, and an icpulaed. 
The kalfir chief; Her 

Beiiiito'rt, but m re- 
killed.' his band com- 
pletely routed. 3O00 

nisU and 'heir allies near 
Fort Hare; driven back 
with the loss of 100 killed. 

captures and bum. Fort 
ArmsiiDng, Feb. 23. 
Tne Hottentots of the 
Theopolis Mission SU- 
tion in Lower A Iban y ioi n 
in the insurrection. May 
31. They are defealed 



18; I A.D. 



or UNIVERSAL HISTORY. 



.... 


p^ 


AutnuA,PBunU.etc. 








ISM.WOrtanbendmoun 


1850. Turkey;— Insunw 






ca the ambition of thi 


tioo in Bosnia. 






Ung of Prussia, and 








an»un«> ■ leaRtie be 
















V^ aod'S^ony.' un 








dec the ■anction ol 








Aiutria, Man:h 15. The 








Union Parliamen 
















31^ a^d April."* '" 








Treaty of peace between Pruidk anA Daunarlc, 






PnuBia' refuse! to jtrfn 








the restricted Diet of 


tie of Iditedt, b«> 






Franldort, Aug. 25. _ 


tween the Danes and 














the e™tor and hiil^ 


July 26. 




















ipectively send airniei 














to the Electorate to tak 








oppoilte pans in tb 
!trj«gle, Sept.-Nov. 






















delivered at Berlin, di 








rectloK that Pruaai* 








evacuate Hbsh! in eight 
days, di>»lva tbe^r- 








furt League, and iwog 








nlie the Diet, etc., re 








plied to by the Prussian 
^ng's signing the order 
caliTngTnt the whol 








military force of tb 








monarehy, Nov. 8. 








Prussian prestig 
overthrown by Austria 
















Cnmatt,Nov. ». " "* 




isai 


Pr«MentWDoUtion Bill 




lasi. Denmark:— Sehka- 








wig-Hol!tein yields to 




amS^fS.SOO.OllO 
frsnci, rejected in tbc 




theUoramisiioners 






of the Germanic Con- 




Auembly, Feb. 18. 




federation. Jan. 10. 








ent and the Ottoman Porte 






settlement re.pecling the 




The Siib-CommittM of the 


Hungarian refugees: Ful 






AaHmbly, appointed by 
the Committee of Re- 


ditionedon their not at 


■iSs-SrS; 




vLnoo of the Con.titu- 








Australia :— Discovery 




petition!, report! tbat 


Americao. aimted ani 


of lane gold field! near 






Bathurat? Feb. 




had been eigned by 


on a charge of fomentim 


Eait Indie, i— Fort of 




danfied: K?°r«^iio" 


revolution. May 23. 
Unveiling ^ Rauch'i 


the celebrated pirate 




!ulun of Sulu destroyed 




T41.01I;forre™ionBnd 


coloeial .Ulue of Fred 


ment of Manilla. lBb.2& 




370.511; for pralonm- 


erick the Gieat, at Ber 




lin. Hay 31. 






liooofpoweiB, ia.l03— 








J«iy5. 







PBOOKin or SociiTT. etc 









TABULAR VIEWS 

Dmitbd Statii. 

USl. PraldentiBuesapra- 
rarmog all 



185 1 A.D^ 



The loid msTorot La , 

vf tb Mmrnl of tbe alder- 
men Kod commoD eoun* 
cUmen. the ninl com- 
miMionen ot CM Expo- 
■Icion of IiiduitrT, etc, 
uid tbt uecutiva oom- 
mlttae of the royal oom> 



eria, taiu* place ^pt. 

The town of Latoi, on th* 
cout o[ Africa, dntniy- 
ed by an English f 



rcfiucd to Bign a treaty 
for tbe eiieclual i - 



U.S. 



Europe. 
LorJUexley 
Joanna 

Boillie, 
CodrioEton, 
Sheil, 

UB«uerre, 

Dented, 

n beglni publicatkm 



K^. April 2S.' 
Conveition ol 

Kighta Awciati 



T'^Slution 'ot 
Union." Hay S. 

Erie Railroad opened 
from New Vork City to 
Dunkirk, US mila. by 
Pmident Plllraon 
Daniel Webster, etc 
May Ifl, 

Seriout confksration 
in Cslilomia. San Prar 



Nii^arssua route, bi 
tween Jfew York a.. 
San Pr^ncisco, openei 

Urrjic' nnr. <n M. 
Orlea 



expediti 



Spani 

dents attaCKCd- 
Spanishconiul is obliged 

la iuiety. Aug. 5i|"*"' 

Riot, with loss of life 

at Christiaim. Pa., upon 

fufiili™ slave, Sept. 11. 
U. S. brig OoiphiH 



egrapliiq 



linding 



> Atlantic. Oct. 
U. S. steam trtgata 
Mtssistipfii sent to Tut. 



G>a«T BaiTUH 



Bail of Defby not Vav. 
Ins succeeded in f orminB 

Hostilitiei with tha 

BSl. "Tbeateatacensata 
meeting of Jtomui 
Catholics, from all paiU 
ot tha United Kioadom, 
for the inauBumtuin of 
tha Catholic defence ■■- 



satta at Cowe*. wlna 
'■ThecupofaUnatuoa," 
Aiu. Xt. 

Eoasuth airlvea by 

Gibraltar, 

ton, Enfl. Ovati 

olTwed nim in 



Oct. 17. Opened fi 



I851 A.D. 



OF UNIVERSAL HISTORY 



, Pbusiia, 



Tub Wou,d, ctiewhete. 



I Revolution; Louij N»po- 

emmcnt: dissolve! Che 
NBtionai Assemhly: de- 

ministry, Thepraident 
univetMl >ij!Ir 



ported by A Council ot 
Lcgialatuie. The vote of 
majority for Napoleor 



ISEl.Tbe . . 

in aniwer to Lord 

against ^ .,„ 

noo-Gantianic provin- 
«■ ol Austri* to ■■- 
Germanic Federsti-... 

inlerfereocB slwuld m 
allowed la a purely 
Gorman queitioo." - 
July 17, 

Hartba] FUdeti 

^la.dKlareatbe U 
Mido -Venetian k i 1 
]om to be in a autc 
liBBe, July 19. 



Constitution c7 .\[ar 

i, 1S49."— Aug. 20. 

Louis luwuth and 



opposition. Ttioeloclioo. 



abetwt 



1 the Ha- 



ranged accordliig to the 

daration," oubliihed at 
Honolulu, Marcb 26. 
New Gninada:-Con- 

In the rt public, to Uko 
effect January 1, 1853, 
-llay 29. 
Italy:— A n earth- 






B Melii, > 



..., „ -0,000 inha-. 
Unti, about 100 milei 
S. B. of Naples, and 
other towns in it* vi- 

occurred within 2« 



Russia: — Her tioops 

repeatedly defeated by 

the Circassians. —June, 

Nicaragua^eo. 



MonCencffro, president 

cratosln the moi^ tains 
of Martiniiiua, Aug. fi. 



TABULAR VIEWS 



.... 


P.„.™o,So„.„..„. 


UxniD SrariB. 


GanT Britain. 






18SI.Ko«uth anive. at 








New York in ueca-nber 
















in the principal citiei o 








the Union, ^e btl ai 








intervi8wwitht^epr«r 








dent and addraiie 








Coosreu. 








Principal room o 








the library of Long™ 
























about^'.OOO voluinea o 








boaka, Dec. 2*. 








■ar;?sri;,T»i 














US.OOO. 




UK 






18S2. Lord Granville, in 




forfa from A(i* 
ii soUixeM -ore lain 


the varioua Suta, in 


relation to the Gring on 




behalf of the Irish exiles 


the American steamer 






wait upoo Pnsideo 






Tcjcsiaphi acrsH the Kng 


Pillmore— Jan. 23. 


ish man-of-war tjrpn-j.. 




TheObloSuteHouH 


■Utes to .Mr, Lawrence 




Fir^t oational Lgricultuia 


entirely conaumed by 


for the inlormation oi 








his government, that 




>t WnshingLon, U. C. 


liold medal presented 


mMt^e^i^r'c^y S^^ow 




eoasisting o( 1£I mem 


to Henry CUy by ciii 
>eni of New York, Feb 






the act. Jan. 10. 




Sut«. And the Dfitric 




ur. Kae retoTTTS un- 




of Columbia; ontmiied 




niccesifnl from hi> 




bythechQiceofUarjhs 


Hou« of Represenu 






P. W.lder. of UsH. 










12™ "citizens™" 'So'utl 


Mackenzie Uivcr. and 




At''™ff "i'House'in l^o 


Carolina and Florida 






don. »me English ladis 




SUOmil'es. lie »as sent 




headedbytheJluctaeua 


coiomio'»™ral' di«tric' 


out in the sprinE of IWl 




SmlicrUnd, adopt an 




by the Hud-on's Bay 




BdJra. to tbe women of 


not !«■ than 200C 




America on the iiib>ec 


ilavea." Fej. 10. 






of negro slavery. 1 


Southern Kights con 








ventioi. at Montsomery 


April 14. 






Ala., pa«e> rewlulions 
Bgainat making rL-sisl 














stored in TuKany. 


E'5S£?mS" 





1852 A.D. 



OF UNIVERSAL HISTORY. 



i The World, 



18£1. Cuba: — Eipadition 
agoiiut Cuba tmuer Gen- 
en] Narciuo Loi>e*, 600 
■tronc, iaiJft from Nsw 
Orleani, Aug. 3, and 
Key Wot, lUtb: offecti 
• landing at Cubanoi. 
Ilth; li muted □ 



the 



liely Bat- 
Hii EoK 

ed to tAQ yean' labor in 
Spain. Tbe funeral 

ouequia of the Span* 
Urdi and Cubani who 
fell in the cooteat with 
Lopei ate celebimted 
witb gnat nmo at the 
Cathedral In Havana. 
I70,0C0 are lubtcribed 
by the inhabitant* of 
Havana, lor the benefit 
of their widow* and 
children, Sept. 9, 



lident Bonaparte a 
lenceshia lour thnmgi 
outhem France. Sept 
9. Viiiti the Chllea 



yean, Oct. 10. Ret 



r- USZ. Tb* ampBiof 
' Runla viliti tbe e 



complete! tbe newage of 
the Parana and pieparca 
to approach Boenot Ay- 
na, /an. 8. Battle ot 
Santoi Lugaiea, (Lon- 
te Caaeroe.) between 
Urquiia and Roeai, re- 
■ults in the total defeat 
of Roiai and his Hight to 
England, Feb. 3. Duriiig 

•avedlrom pillage by 
detachmenU (lom the 



ien« Ayre., Feb. 18. 
— Urtiuiia, director 
the Argentine Con- 



—The Chamber ■ 



TABULAR VIEWS 



ISJI A.D- 



Duth* in 18S2. 

n.s. 

H, Clay, 
D. Webeter. 

U. Stuurt, 
D. Dnke, 
J, H. Paine, 



cities, Bcd lina\Iy quit! 
the country under the 

'Hen'iy'ciky die. 

29. ObMquiM 

bmted >t New York 
July 20. 

Dvilel Webner 

Oct. 34. Puneral eolem- 
itiee celebrated »t Boe- 
aa. Nov. 15. 
The United Sul 

!uba proposerj by Enj? 
md aud Fiance, Dec. 1 



IS52. Submarine telegnph 



o( ttieir order, exercliiDC 
tbe rita »Dd cemnanie* 
of tbe Roman Cathalio 
"li^inoinhishwayiand 
I o£ pubUe raati," 



& 



































(U 


urmi 


)}». 





l8S2 A.D. 



OF UNIVERSAL IIISTORY. 



EngUnil, Pmnci, Pruui 



ning of a oonvMtioa <a London by 



Nw!'?. 1... . 

taken throughout Prance 
and Aijena,, Nov. 21 
and 22: miull— 7.824. ■ 
129 in favor of ra-«tab- 

•SBinfiiZJ.l.UBntgatJvB 
and Hi. 1.0 void batloti. 
Ac the Hotel da VUlci, 1: 
Parii. Louia Napoleon i 
publicly proclaimed Em 



Hawaii:— Ziuptioa of Mauna Los; 1 
weeks. Feb. 

India: — Tbe British laka Proma 
October B. 

luly:— The ciuniihment of death ii 

murder, and robbery witll violence, f 
— The pope addrenei a letttr to 



In Burmab, 



T the , 

leoa III., Dec. S. 



.po- 



It Rome, Bishop Ivea. U North CaroHnii.U.S.. 
rly an Epiioipaliar, ii received into the 
.lie Church by the pope. Dec. 26. 
eria:— P.esident Roberta attacks and ^ins 
-jtiOD ol the native chief Boyer'a principal 
«,-n, ;an. Ifi. 

.Mexico: — Corvajal utacla Canurao and is 
defeated. Feb. -il. 

A French filibustering expedition under Raour 
tet de Boulban in Sonon is defatted at Uer- 



Spain: — Murderom usuult 

■ Swi'lieilantt:— The Ctmton o 
Iheorderof Capuchin monks, ai 

Turkey:— War breaks out 1 
and Monteaegrios, Dec. IS. 



a queen by a 



TABULAR VIEWS 



1853 A.D- 



t.Q. pHOOKlUOrSoCIBTT. OtC 


VnrttD Statbi. 


Gkiat BatTalH. 


18J3 Pirnuuv accorded lo all 




IS53. Kkffir chiefs aend 




•ubjecU of the Porta 


NapoleooIIl.. arbiter be. 








tween the United Suta 


General Cathcait. there- 




J^rmiDg thdr relioioua 


and Portucal, In caae of 


by dosing the war In 




righci. June. 


South Africa, Feb. 10. 




The fint Norwegian raU- 


^ alWuhinJl^.'^; 


Peace concluded. Uarch 






Pianldln Pierce and 


^^i^^'o-:^.^M 




under Com. Uattbew 


William K, Kins de- 
clared duly dKted 






by fire, Feb. 28. 




SSB.arf..'SJi: 


preaident and vice- 


Wariike stores, «d- 




proident (or four yean 


poMd to be for Kossuth, 




en to iho iTnprrial com- 


seised. April 14, 

M™. tf. B. Stowd, 






ram^«h. lUtcb OMt. 






„ Departun of Kane'. 


authprcB of UntI* 




The tint Pnabyterian 








Cbiniae church ocnan- 


Fnnklin. May 31. 


SURord Ho"uu?y many 




iied at San Fnncuco. 




of the nobility and 




U. S.. Nov, 


menu to the city ch»rter 






SSS'A-'SiSX: 


ofNewYork nitninin^ 


May 7. 




Dublin Industrial Ei. 






°¥sift"J 






DeaLhi in 1&J3: 


The English and 






French fleet co-opente 






volving the United 


in the East. 




leaf. 'WardUw. 




The "strike" a1 




July-Sept. ™ 

Cryatal Palace at New 
York opened in the pres- 
ence 01 the president of 
theUniledStateaJulyH. 


Stockport ceases, and 
30,00pmen resume labor. 

their ob)«t. an advance 
of ten per cent, in their 






ofTableRoelt.'^tt^B 


wages, August 8. Sim- 






ilar strikes occur at 






Pilli of Nia«ars. breaka 








oft. Sept. 5!^ 








Grrai Ripublk. clipper 


Queen Victoria visiM 






of 4,000 torn, lat8e.t 


Capuin fiiglefield, of 






world, launched at Eut 


the Pk^ii. arrives 






Boston, Ma™., Oct, 4, 


iTt'^J't^e^nT^^'tE; 






Captain Gunnison and 






party mauacred by the 
!ndiansinUtah,Oct.2e. 


discovery of the North- 






Yellow fever epidemic 














on Gulf of Mexico, 








cametodfromlZ.OOOlo 


Roman Catholic cathe- 








dral laid at Shrewsbury, 






Bedi^r"thi papal 


Xi"'- ""-'•- 






nuncio Iriea to influence 






the Roman Catholic 


The Dublin Exhibi- 






laity to give up their 


tion building is lormally 








opened M s winter ^r- 






biihopi, but doei not 


deo. by the Lord Lieu- 






■ucceed. He quits the 


tenant and the Countesa 














The Gadsden Pur 








Chan concluded with 








Meiiico, Dec. 30. 








ImmigiBtion, 308.000. 





i853 AD- 



OF UNIVERSAL HISTORY. 



Napoleon 111. em 
S'Siigmie de Mon^^ 



Gencnl St, Priest 



French aovemment to 
the EnglUli for Napo- 
lean's will. Feb. Sub- 
Kquently (planted. 

Funeral of Mme. Bnpail 
■t Pant, the occasion 
of a fomiidable locialiit 
demonBImtion. 40.000 
penoiu march io pio- 
cealion to Pin !■ Chaibc. 
Uarch. 

Prcparstiom to oppoe* 
Kusia in her pieten 
■ion) in the East. 

Fleet lent to Turkiih 
walen, March. 

A peace addrccs. Binned by 
4000 English merchants, 
bankers, and traders, is 

F relented to Nap<^eon 
[1., at the TuUeiies. 
Harch. 
A bill reslorini c«[dtal 

punisbmentfofatts 

on the lite ol the 



to the bperm Com. 

i, jui'r?^ 



count de ChwnbiHil, 

Nov. 
L plebiscite declarer in 

Uvot of the empire by 

a lar^ majority. Nov. 
rnveilinf of the statue oi 

Hanhal Ney , on th e spot 



I8S3 BelKiuin:— Uarriageoftheduln 
of Brabant, heir-apparent of the 
throne, and the Arctaducheta Maria, 

&nada.:— Gavairi lecture* at 
Quebec and Montreal; riou ensue; 
military called out: June 6 -8, 

—The Rnt sod of the European 
and Nonh American RailrDCii] 
turned at St. John«. Sept. 14. 

China:~Nankin Ukea by the 
Taipings. March 21. Amoy cap. 
tured, May. 

ro^ed ajid a "fundamen 



■■"».„ 



s henafcer aa absolute oi 



nuch -disputed law on 
■■ny. Sept. 

.ttle of Donabev. In 
J. Cheape conquers 



Pegu. Mar 

out at MilsD, mit is viborjusiv sup- 
pnsaed by RadetBky. Feb. 8. The 
property of the Lombaido -Venetian 
lefueees sequestered till they can 

expelled from' Austrian Italy, Feb. 
28. Protracted diplomatic conlro- 

^^ia ai^witwruSd 'follow— 
Sardinia solemnly protestlne. April 
16. 

— The pope probibita the circula- 
tion of Ondt Tom'l Cabin in his 
dominions. May 10. 

Guerasii Cried at Florence for 
high [reason, and found guilty, 

'"^N™ church, built (or the Wal- 
densea, opennl and consecrated at 

Mexico :-^New revolution: Arista 
resigns the presidency, Jan, 

-^SantsAnna. having be«o elect- 
ed president, is received In Mexico 
with great entbuBBSm, April. 



TABULAR VIEWS 



l8S3 A.D.- 



*. 0. pMOOKBMor SocilTr.etc. Uritid Statu. 



ipvAAhnj overb^nl; the 
rest of 700 rescued by 
Ihc Thrrt fl.IJi, Kilby, 
uvS Aiiurclic. Jan. 5. 

Astot Library opened 
for uM of the public, in 
New York City, Jan, 0. 

ST3.nC Society OTEaniud 

Eli Tliayet, A[;ril 20. 






Treaty of alliunce 
«n Cnsland, Fra 



Crystal Palace J 
Jenhnm opcdcd b 
3Qeen. June 10. 



1 854 A.D. 



OF UNIVERSAL HISTORY. 



Aditui, P>uhu. Me. 



t8S3. Spain:— Ni.. 

of tbi pnM pub[iibed. Ji 

Swi tietUnd : — Iniu. 

Joniit party Bpeedily 

Panla: — Bart hquaL . 
Int). MayO^andTeliei 

V«n«tua)a;— Earthqi 
mooM kiUod, July IS. 

Peru: — Difficulty at 

Aua. 17. 

China:— Shanghai ta , ,..,.. „, 

Poitu^:— Uaiia II. (quaes} diea, Nov. 10. 

Socceedsd by Pedr " 



and atrinanit law asainat Ubetty 
Id PribouTff by the 
ShliBi''(13,000 livca 



at Cumana; 600 per- 
Dcha Iilaoda between 



ikofl 



by Tafpingi, Sept. 7. 
es}<lier "— '" 

between Turkey an 
by the onpen 



The Porte ad- 



Klebiated 



d Prutiia^ dsned 



palitiei. June 



Porte and he leave* Conitantinop 
RiaeiuiB CRMi the Frulb. July 2. 

drew 11 a proteit to the RuHiai 

tba occupation o[ the Piincipalitiea, July 14. 
ConfoBnce of Vienna draw up the celebi 
"Vienna Note," (or the joint acceptance of Ru«ta 
and Turlny. July 36. Ruaoa at oocv accepla; 
Turkey nquirt* modllicationB, Aus, IS; which 
Ruana will not accede to, Sept. 14. Ililitary oon- 

E9B at Olmiiti. Sept. 20. The note !• dropped, 
pt. 30, Turkey declarea war aaainit Ruaila, 
Oct, 23. The allied French and Englieb Sect 
entertheBoeporum. Oct. 2B, Hoetilitica commenced 
on the Danube, Oct. 30. Turke capture Fort St. 
Nicholaa ia the Black Sea. Oct. 31, Turki defeat 
Ruwiani at Oltenita, Nov. t. Turkieh fleet da- 
atioyed at Siw>pe by Ruaiana. Nov, SO. Tba 
Vienna Conference continuea ita efloitt to affect 
an anancement between the belliBcrent*. Dee. 
I>ecided manifcatation of tha peopla et Conatantj- 
nople in favor of war. Dec. 31, The rcti^oai 
fanaticim of both partial i* artniaed. 

1S54. BnuU: — Sea Salvador deatroyed by ao nftb> 
,200 yj^ and »«,000,000 

Houee at Quebec burnt, 

library aod phikiaophical 

le of^ Guayamaa. between a 

.^li;..n ..i>rt«- miint rir. Boulbon 

defeated. 



f oroperty 

'^Kiico 



lilibuii 



a, July 13- The c 

„ _jd, Aug. 12. ihot 

n: — The imurrectlon of the people 



''sm^^I 

drill a«ainit the Reae.._ 

trlumphi. and the Rivu miniat 
Eapanero enter* the city, ant 
great enthuaiann. July 29. 

— Maria Chriitina, the queen 
drid for Portugal, 

Veneauela: — Slave* emancipatod, Apia 26. 

Saxony:— King Frederick Auguetu* II, killed 
In the Tyrol by a fall from hia carriaca, Aus. 9. 



aign.^uly 19 
rtcdved with 

her. leave* Ha- 



TABULAR VIEWS 



1854 A.D. 



ILD. PbOOMM OF SOCIITT. « 



Umitid Statbb. 



GkBAT BUTAIH. 



■4 DHtm in 1854: 

U.S.;— 

N. B. Blunt. Jacob Buf- 
nett. John Davii, Com. 
Ddwds. J. Hamogtoa, 
Ust »iuvivor of b«lt]« 
of Lcidiu ' " " 



Mn. C. Soutbey, fS- 
(ouid, WilKm, St. At- 
ouid. Denmui, l.ack- 

"Imnucahte Conception 
ofthe Vimiii" iHOcUcuid 



H. Suju 

bombuded 



, Niunguk.' IBM. Tnaty 



war, Cj/am, July IS. 
■ctllod by anti-ikvtry 



■t New York, Aug. I». 

Cholera prevmilOune- 

Nqv.; yellow fever — 

v»il«,Aua..Nov. 



Uuon, Kiuj Soul£, calt- 
iaa for tha pnicbue at 
Coba by ihe UniUd 



BriUin. 

the esUblishmeDt of the 
Orsii^ Biver republic. 

Law paned for tha 
enliatment of forei^nere 
in the Biitiih •ervica, 
Dec. 22. 



l854 A.D. OF UNIVERSAL HISTORY. 



BjUTBKh Ariiiii 



Taa World, 



AnHlo-Piench 6i 

n tne Black 5a 

Turk! defeat 



T. English and FrcnEh 
ambaaudan dinniaKd 
St. Peteubura, Feb. 18. 
England and France re- 
lolvi to tummon Ruttia 






St. PetenbuTR. Ruisia 
refuse* a irply. Eng. 

March W^ <Jiurter"dee- 
laration of ikar by Rui- 
■ia against England and 



rraace. April 

Anglo-Frtncb 
n ttis Baltic. 



the B^e o( Siliitrii 

£ me 22, and re^ciou tt 
anube, Jul/ 7. Rur 



Aug. le. 



the Priricipal]tL«fl, Aug. 
23. Allle* land in the 
Ciima. Sept. U. De- 
Alma, Sept. 20. Com- 
mcaca the dege of Se- 
baatopol. Sept. ZS. Fire 
opened. Oct, 17. Battle 
« Balaklavk. Ruiaiani 
npobed, Oct. 2S. Bat- 
tle of iBkr^ouma. Rui- 



TABULAR VIEWS 



1855 A.D.- 



■ESS o* Socinv.ete. 

UR isilroad complet- 
ed. GtK train on it Jan. 
28. 

Hnuieial panic la Califor- 
nik, Feb. 

8u3Deiiiioa Bridoa at 
NJaBOiB fintcroaacd, 
March M. 

Difficulty in Phila. about 
'•'-na of J.. H. Wheeler 



Jot Hum. 
MiMMiKor 

Nlcholu ] 
Chariotte 



Spenc 
T.iCBe 






lubmaiine telegraph cab 
lelaid [mm Cape Bnloi. 
to Newfoundland, July 
12. 

Dudley Otservatofvl 
al Albany. Aug. 28, 

N. Y. and fJewtounrilnnd 
WIeRtaph line 17 18 
~'~ -* -T St, 



of 



'. 10. 



Afiic 



Joh 
Reviv 

slave trnac reeommen. 
ed hy Gov, Adami in I 

8UMT1 VirtoTM b 
ieut, Hnnstcnc for th 

r. S. Gaverament, Do 
30. 



UniTBq St*TIS. 



sd an. on the Panguav, 
0! S. Di»t. Court in 
e Fugitiva ^avr 



I Pree-Sute 

' 'by p'lMi- 



OcC. 3.1. I 

Pmlir 
filibusterii 
dent Pien 

Biitiih 
Rcsaliilr 
brought 
by an A 
Dec. 23. 



I8BS. N. P. Banfcs Jr., of 
flau., elected Speakf 
of HouM of Kepn 



Lawivnce. Kansaa. 



e U, S, Ssnnteby 



Viiit of the 
April 16. 



> Reform. May 31. 
Eh of Lord Radian, 
inder-in-chirfat 



Albert visit the emperot 
Louis Napoleon at Pari*, 
Aug. IB, 

Vinit of the king of 
Sardinia to Eogland, 
Nov. 30. 
Captain McCluie re- 



India. Feb, 

Seizure of a veesei 
under the British flog by 



1. China. Oct. 23. 



1856 A.D. 



OF UNIVERSAL HISTORY. 



Thi Wobld, daewben. 



Emperor Nil' ' 



—The Sardi ninn t 

join the m^titd forces in 



— The mllia reinlied 

outpoati of Scbutopol, 
JUDC 18. 

— Ka™ invested by 
the RiHiuu. June 3S, 

KuHiiins In the CH- 
mei defeated in the bat- 
tle of tba Tcbutikya, 

niU i}f Sebaalopol— 

The Ualabboff cairied 
by ttw Prencta, Sept. 8. 

Terrific attack of the 
Ri»r>n* on Kan n- 
pulaed, Sep. 29. Town 
cipitulatM 10 Runia— 
Nov. 38. 

A.otrU:— Death __ 

Don Carloi 

Spanith 



pTDtectorace; naviniion 
of the Danube fna. 
Destnictlve Sooda near 

kfea d«iUDr<'di Jane. 



I85S. Mexico:— Santa Anna 



tbrane, UJinb 



ISM. Pi«Itm)nar!es of 



CTM of amnetty for the 
Hungarian revolution- 
i&ti of 1846-49 (Julv). 

The Crimen wholly 
evacuated by the allies. 
July 12 

at Salonics. Turkey. 700 
icijjed and wounded. 
July 17. 

RuHia: — Aleiander 
11. crowned emperor. 
Sept. 7. 

Spain: — Narvaei luc- 
oeeds O'Donnell in the 

Naples:— French and 



Alvarei realgns the 
pmidency and is luc- 
ceeded by Comoofbrt, 



1S6S. Coi 

'^ Walker'a 

feated «l 






senacTB killed, April 16. 

Wallier elected prwi- 
dent of Nicaragua, June 
25. 

Earthciuake in Eoypl, 
Syria, and isles of Medi- 



ingi datroyed, Oct. 12. 




TABULAR VIEWS 



Pkoqkem or SociaTT, e 



UmITBD SlAtEH. 



Coaveoxion At Cincic 



PBreival.Joo.C Wi , 

I. M. CUpoB. U. S. S 
Gcorn Stecn, naviil 
atchitKt, T, Crawford, 
■culptor, Lotm U'Luw 

Hnnricb Hdne, Jno. Bn- 
hun. Sir W. Hunflton. 
mct«pby«iciwi, 
B[ela, BiUonomer, 1 
Hardinn. Pulher J 
tlww. Hugh Miller. 
John Rob, WettmB 
VuTdl. Dcluocba. 



0». Poibody gives 1300.' 



The Atlantic tdcgisph 
cable fint joioed at ha 
by tbe Niagara and 
Agamtmnon, Aug. b, 
but biraks. Aug. 11. 
ouofthe CtnlTalAmtrica 



Hit by Repu 
n at Philadi 



H. of Repne. pan ■ 
trill ■dmictinc Kaiua* 
under Topeka Contutu- 
tior. July B. 

Topeka leajtlaturedia- 
pened by U. S. tn»p> 
under Col. Sumner. July 

' John W. Geary coa- 
finned ae Gov. ol Kma- 
««July ai. 

wTiitcGcld and Reeder 
bath rejected by H. of 
Rcpm. as delegate* 
fiom Kanuu, Aug. ]. 

U. S. troops in Kaiuu 



New England. Oct, 10. 
Buchanan elected 

Canton, China, diatroy- 
*d by U. S. squadron 

American boat, Dec. 6. 
tSGT. Buchanan inaugu- 
rated presideot. March 



of Ohio Life and Tr 

Locompt<jn Convi... 
tlon, Kansas. m«lB Sept. 



Icranger. 
.W.Cioke 



VI"'ff'd.?D'. 



'XZ 



ncd Match 4 
lennial Parlia- 



The Man 

Exhibition . 



Cawnpore 



'"Sir"t.lm 



mpbcD 



18S7 A.D. 



OF UNIVERSAL mSTORY. 



Tbs Would, etaewhere. 



1867 ^ongiw for the piupoH of 



I8S7. Auitria:— Amneitj 
to political Dffeaden in 
Lombudy.&c.Ju. 35 

Deiuiurk aboliitie 
the Sound Ou«, Morcb 



Piulding. 0«. 8, 

China: — Canton bom- 
barded by tl " "" "'■"'" 






TABULAR VIEWS 



. PsooKSM or SociBTT, etc. 



ending Dec. 2S, 
imount to SI 23: 
is, tzgi.TSO.ODO. 






n, Conve 



UaiTiD Statbb. 



1857 A.D.- 



1857. Luckoow nliered br 



Sep*., witb LecomptOD 
Conititution Feb. 2. 
" An[i-Lecomplon Di 



tndlii 

BiU 
u ■ £ 



N. Y., etc.. 

to admit K&a«u 



•Jew Free S»tB Con- 



r EcIm 



iret overland mail 
California I™v« 

lOilon Public tFree) 
brary opened, costi 
»450.000, Sept. 17. 



HunUCom. M.G.Perry. 
Gen. Quilman. Gen. P. 
P, Smith. N. W. Taylor, 
B. F. Bullei, Partier 
Cleveland. Wm. Jay. 



3nHli.h Kan. 
cd both Hous 



Atlantic telegraph t 
England. June 10. 
The President sends a 

trouble InUtah, June to. 
Treaty of Peace and 

n^at'rl^n-Tsin'.'junMa? 
Modified Lecomplon 



jepoy mutiny, July. 

Eng, steam. CyclaPI 
wmbarda Jeddah, July 



et sails from Plymouth 

Queen Victoria and 
Prince Albert visit tb< 

Cherboiag, Aug. 4. 



Sir W. Reid. Fore 

s message o resj 

1. 
Appearance Ot Buckle's 

tion at Washington, D.C. S. S 

idell's bill, giving t30,0(N).000 ti 
quisitioo erf Cuba, introduced, J 



n of the complet 
.with joyful dem 
lent Buchanan » 
agnit^cent celeb. _ 



Diies the Juarei aovern- 
I meal in Meiico. April *, 
Viclnbutih diicunaa i.^< 



1859 A-D- 



OF UNIVERSAL HISTORY. 



.„. 


,...=. 


.„.„.,««...„. 


The Would, eliewhtre. 


1898 


Mbenipt by Ordni and 


1858. RuHia:— Ptocen of 


1S88. Merico:— Revolu- 






emanripatioQ begun. 


tion, Comoofort aive« up 






Jan. 








Outbreak of war b«. 


area; Zuloan prodaun- 






lw«n Turkey and the 






14. 




Repnsentativeaiwarbe- 




Meeting between Napoleon 
HI. and CavDur at 


„giL7KS:?;ES 


tween the libenls under 
















China : — The Pei-ho 




asainit Auitria on con- 








dition of the cession of 




Engliih and tha French, 




Savoy and Nice to 




May 10: treaty oT Tien 




France, July. 




T.iS Uune^Mf^t^eeo 
China and Great Briuin, 
Fiance, Ruuia, and the 
Unitod Sute*. Rueaia 
obtaina Che Amur prov- 

iea wit^The United' 

P™™ a^uM^i^""' 

on tte Suea'^iailroad 
cfOBe. the iatbmut in 
eleven houti from Suei 

pieildaiit, Dta. 21. 


1B6} 


nwBn»ror-t New Year'! 
■pMcetoHubncr. Aui- 


T^t^>.ST& 


18SS. Peru:— Barthguak* 
demoy- part of Ouito, 






arm. April 23, Bngland 


March M. 








Mexkat— tllramoo 




Pcince Napoleon, cou«n of 




fail, in bto atumpl on 




tha empeiDi, marriet 


Sardinian amy on ft 


Cuba but aharea in the 




tha Princci Oothtlde, 


war Eootiofl. 


victory of Taeubaya, 




ssfKi'.:W"°' 




Apnl 11. 




Preach tioopa nach TodD 


and GoiM April 2«-aa 





TABULAR VIEWS 



1859 A.D.- 



Proobiu or SociETr, et 

>9 Onat fin at Key Wa 
tXXJ. M» 



.J.^1 



in Inland, Jun( 



— Md in Euiu^-. 

ffLl^''M^i'a 1200 milH in 

- ' ■■ fionSt. i.o,;h, 
_ .— York Btaie. 
July 11. 

Olcbiation of lOOth hirtli- 

day of Schiller. Nov 10 

Dtrwin'tOritinif Sprciti. 

UiicDvery o? oil In Pcnn- 

'^DMh* In 1S»: 

U. S. Kumt,., 

I. W. Alex. 

HSi.^nn. ,™., ™^.«. 

PuOuini.., 

,.. — a. K, Bninc 

Qeo. Buih. pari Rilici. 

T. y. Maion.lLouiiSpoli 

waabington Bit j.Slephi 

Irvinfl. iMacaulay, 

Ste 



Law puaed In Arkenm 



Decree by the Bmperar ol 



UNiTrD States. 



t;on raiitied by 
pie, Oct. 4. 

iim, Hamey pro 

DOfAcsdoa 01 tne 

ol San Juan for the U. 
Swtea July 27. 

Mr. Ward, U. S. min. 
istisr. nacbeaPekin,Jul} 



the lilaad 
ISSJj The Dwby miniBtiy 



naty with China 
ed. AuB. 10. 
Y. Ulnn, U. S. 
Iter to Francs, di« 



wrecked io ijrit 



ISeO. Lord 



Oyde 
rebellic 
led.Jan 



OF UNIVERSAL HISTORY. 



.... 


PnAHci. EuKOpa, elsewhera. 


Tm Wo«LD. elwwhere. 


IBSO 


War declared, in alimnce 1S90. TuKBDyr — Onnd 


1859. Naplea:— Death ot 










Austria, May 3. ftatEmiHi with revolu- 


cession tt V^nci, 11.. 




SubKriptiona for loan of tionisls. April Z7. 


Hav 22. 




600 million franci ei- Austria declara war 




ceed foil r limea (hat »um Kgainit Sardinia, and 








by his son Charles XV. 




from 62S.000 p=T«™. ^';;'^;';j^ ^ "» T,- 


M=,ico:-Juare. de- 




The Empetor L. Napoleon >rTiv<a at Genoa May 12. 








chureh property, July 




Gatibaldienter-Como. 


Ven«ueU:-^ivil-«; 




May 27. 


downfall ot Castro, the 




Battle of Falettm: Austifam dsfcata]. May 30. 


^'S-Vl^r-Revo. 




Battle of Masenta; Alliei victorioui June 4. and 




=nt« Milan June B. 






Perugia sacked by papal troopa, June 20. 


Aug. 14. 

Japao: — The porta of 














^ great loa on both »id«. 




FrsD» and Austria, at Vilfafiuica, July U. 


to trade. 




Buenos Ayrei^— Bat- 






tle with troope of Argen- 
tme Confederation. Oct 






Tuicaoy:— Council 




St. Cloud. Inly 27. 
Entrance of^i ''Army of 
Italy" into Pari.. Ang. 


of Suie vote* in favor of 


28.— BuenotAvr«com. 




annention to Sardinia. 






'«.U:-C™.. 






Poihical amnesty. Aug. 17. 


rigna from the ministry. 






fied at jeddor^pi. M.' 


■'"'/uilioy^ThB Na- 






Vict^^^nuelT p ™- 


tion. Auan. decreet the 














the Au-lram dynasty. 






ation of Italy. October. 


Aug. 19. 






Enchange of retificatiom 


Modena:— Parini dic- 






at the Treaty of Zurich. 


tator, openi the hat. 






Nov. 21. 


As«mbly, Aug. la. and 

^^i-^niordat 

SpaTnTAug. 2^°*" "" 

Biv^^tf^u m- 
oner in Caucsiia. Sept. 6. 

Minghetti dcnee in- 
dependence from the 

annexation to Sardinia. 

SfAia declana war 
against Uorocco. Oct. 
K^. O'Donnell named 
com.-)a-chief of Spanish 




I860 




iseo. Spain:— The Moon 


IBM. Argentine tWod. 






Jan 1 

Sardinia:— Cavour re - 


Derqm presidrat Psb. &. 




Great Britain risned 


tack) Vera Crus. Match. 




Jan. 28. 


.hip. j^ w ■ '■""'"■ 


briiS'^dSSSi: 



TABULAR VIEWS 



lOiFint "Pony EiptMi" «»cbeiC»r«on Valley in eight I 
Uld ■ tuU (Uys tmm Misnuri^and newi thence 
by talnnph reachu San Francisco ta nine .' 
'— n NewVotk. 

1I86O.U.S. corvette 5an 



I March 7. 
oa Bmbany amvei at San Pr 
_. Yiahinoton, May 14; at Baltimoi 
Philadelphui, JumS: at New York, 
tor Japan, in the U. S, tiigato NiofC 
Papa! bull «™in«t agita- " 

Fight of Heenan and Say- 
era for the champion- 
■hip of England. April 



Jun« 



UarcbSS: 
June 30. 



Ref^ 



makes war lo China for 



aty of 
«.>Jov. 



Democratic Convene 
tion at Chaijcaton. 
AprQ £3. 

Mr. McLana'i treaty 
with Uexks (Juarei) 
rejected by tbe Senate, 
May 31. 

National ttepubtioin 
Conven-'-- - -"-^ 



n for 



(adjourned) . 
e, June II 



■ '^o'rk' 



k, from Southampton, 
... .U| 



i. G. Good- 



W.Napier. 
den Pow 

H-'ri. WilioQ 



ifSJ* 



_ British North 

1 Sutes. He landi at St. 
I at Quebec. August IS; 
..... _^ „,. J4iagaj,_ Sep. 



volMofall IheNort 

Sutescucept NcH- Jersey. 

for Doualaa and 4 ' 



OF UNIVERSAL HISTORY. 



.... 


Pbanci. 


E™o„, -„..„. 


Th« Wo«ld. elwirlwce. 


iseo 




ISeO. Spain:— Dicisive 
victory over tbe Uoon at 








sStdiniar Pw^laOJiTl! 






annexation of Hit^e and 


againit, ,14,gzS [for 






Savoy. Treaty for i^es- 








Bon to Frame signed at 


Spain;- Pwce"' »-ith 






Turin, Manih 24; but 


Morocco ratified. March 






Switierland prT,(«tj. 


20, 






Nice votes (or an Df sal ion 










San:h 20, 






and 160 againtt. 






Savoy eiva 131,7*4 for 
aod 233 agaitut. 


Revolution in Sicily 






besins at Palermo, Mn- 








nna. and Cunia, AprU 
Rome: — Anionelli pto- 














tests againat Sardinian 








annexation of Romaana. 








Sicily:— Garibaldi 








land! at Msrxala, with 
















S'SSsB 














Victor Emanuel. 14ih. 








Naples ;^Coiicc«iona 








^ilUlM* 














A "libera] minimry 








formed at Naples. June 








28, The Idnp gianU 








new conatitution and 








amneaty, June 2S. 








Uela^. lily M^l! " 








Sicily texcepling the 








citadel of Medina) 


1860 Syria;— Ma»aci« oT 




Preach tfeopa sent to 






Syria to punish the 


■'tsSiff'^Z" 






Na'^pSf^'^l^co^.^ie, 


nitea of Lebanon by the 




land in Calabria. Aug, 8. 


DruM, May- July. 3000 






— Enten Naples, Sept. 




g£jn^tJ^".^,..v1 


^TheKingofNaplare- 


War between the al- 






tini to Uaeta Sept. G. 
and ii braided there by 
the treop. of Garibali 


lied, Engliih and French 












Su'forti 'taken by tbs 






and Victor Emanuel. 


»llie..Aug. 21;allie.ad. 






SordiaiaiB de(«t pa- 


vance on Pckin which 






pal forcca under Lara. 


¥':Srt;''^"tiJV^n«\i: 

Red, Oct, 24; alliu leave 












Sept. IB; Aocona aurren- 






den Sept. 20. 


Pckin, Nov.a, 






Garibaldi migns hii 


Hondunu:— W. Wal- 






power to Victor Enun- 


ker the ■•fUibutter." 








Uken prisoner and ihot. 








i'jVi?:— Fuad Palh» 
Implicated in the mai- 



TABULAR VIEWS 



„. 


PI100BKBSO»SOC1KTV. UnITBD STATES. 


BairisH EuFiBB. 


1861 


DoaChs in 1881: 


1861. Earaple of secession set by 






Hrinc* Albert^ 


South C-rolin« followed by Missis- 






Mm. Browni^ng, 


sippi. Jan. 0. Florida. Jan, 10. Al»- 






Count CvomT 














lITStei:: 


^K^^'^^iMtJ'""' '''"*■ 






* tSms.1^ ''5''^a!ijS'"MiS^i"i^ 






Pr. GprWhakoff. 








AckuisM for KceSBioii defeated. Jan,- 






EugeSs'scribs'!'"'' 


Marcb. 1H61. Confederate Congreu 
at Montgomery, Ala., Fell, x; P™ce 
Conference meeU at WasTiinglon. 






Emaneipotion of the 






serfs in Russia. 








Feb. A. 
[effenon Davis chosen president. 

tary stores, to the Sute, Feb. IB, 






















April Ifi, 75,000 men called for by proe. 








lamation. 








April 17, Virgmia secedes. 








April 18. Harper's Ferry aiseoal burned 


























1881. 














ports declared. 


May 13^queen-s 
neutrality" in 






iay 8. Arkansas secedes. 






[ay 21. North Carolina secedes. 


theAmerican 




July— First War 


uneS. Tennesee secedes. 


cooflict. 




Loan of the United 


une 10. Big Betbel defeat. 








idHi^'^SS^oSi'Sn victory {Mc- 






ST ,sss:. 






Oct. 1. Commercial 


July 21. 'Bull Run defeat. 

Aug. 10, BattleofWilwnsCiwlcMo,. 












France England. 


and death of Gen. Lyon. 


Nov. — Excitement 




and^ Belgium b 


Aug. 29. Fort Hatteru Uken by 






Nov. i. Telegraph 


Oct,''2r' Ball-8 Bluff disaster. 


Sli5^l"B't">b 




between Ma)U and 










Nov. 7. Port Royal forU taken.— Bat- 


DK.™l™Dealh of 






tle of Belmont. Mo. 


Prince Albert. 






Nov. 8. Wilkes seises Slide]] and Mason. 








862 








fan. 1. Mason and Stidetl released. 
Ian. 19, Mill Spring victory, 
'eb. 8. Fort Henry taken. 




















Feb. B, Roanoke IsUnd taken by 








Bumside. 








Feb, 16. Fort Donelaon taken. 








Feb. 23, Nashville taken. 








March 7-8, „BatUe of Pea Ridge, Ark, 
















March D, Battle between Momtor and 
lIareh"n"McClallan Ukes command 




















of Army of Potomac. 


18C2. 






Uaich 14. NewbemUkenbyBumside. 


\pril 7. Treaty 






April S, McClellan besiares Yorktown. 
^piil e-7. Battle of Shiloh.— A, S. 


with U. S. to sup- 






/ 




Johnston killed. 





OF UNIVERSAL HISTORY. 



EuKOPI, riiewbere. 



1881. Fndttfck WUriim 
IV., of Pruuia. dies; 
■uccHded by Williun I. 
Gaita lurnnden to 
Vicuc Emanuel '■ troops, 
Feb. 13.— The Idrg ol 

End of Bouibon rule 
in Italy. 

The lUliin parlia- 
menc declarei Vlctai 
Emanuel long of Italy, 



rrealy of commere* ron- 
durted with Turkey 
<April). 



une 10. "NeutnUity" In 
American tonflict pro- 
claimed by the empemr. 



1SS2 bn. 7. ^ench anny Uoda 
at V«n Cnu. 



Death of Cavour, 

Turkey: — Juno Z5. 
Sultan Abdul Medjid 



tsea. 

Peb. 13- Mflitarr revolt to 



ce by Annasi CJmM). 



"i.u 



a US', 



eland annexed to Spain 



Eotliab. 



A.D. PboouiioiSociitv. 



TABULAR VIEWS 



XJuttta Statei. 



April. 7.. I*1>ad Vo. 10 Uken 

April 11. Fort Puluki Uken. 
April 16. Consrvu aboluha ila 
in tbB Dliuict of CaliunbA. 
L- April 36. HfK Oileuu uken. 



.- , 



af ' Exl 



fe= 



t. J. SH«r. 

js,SirlBm« 

Sata. jastphV/olU. 

Herbert Spencer-« 

i-'ira PmidpUi. 



av 30. CorinCh. Uila.. occupied by 

tfu: Union lonies. 

(,y 3I-Juiut 1. Battle of Pair Omkm 

or Seven Pines. 
June 8. Battle of Cma Keys, Va. 
June 26-July 1. -Seven Davi' Baltli 

" --inicville. June S6. " ' 

»m ■ ■"■ •^' - '■ - 



Mill June 27; Sivace S 
M: Fr»»ier-5 Fairn. June 
Hill. July 1. 
ily 2. 300.U0O man volu 

July 11. HiUeck, camciai 
julJ IT, ConfUcation Ac 

Aug. 6. Banks defeated 
Mountain, 
.ua. 16. McClelUio rel 
Harriton'i Landing. 



■ubiumted State 
by nroclamatioi 
otLinoDln. 



U'elvn 

ws oiled 

r-in -chief. 
UHned by 

It Cedar 



"»," 



Battle of Chnntiliv 
a, McaelUn restored tc 
id the Army of the Potoi 
1-5. Confbderatea be^n iii 
[aryland. 
14. Union victory at 






rpC. 17-lS. AntieUn 

Lee recrosHS the Pot. 

Sept. 10. BsltlB of lu: 

'■--- 32. Lincoln' 

ancipation Procla 

_.,.. 24. tUbcM Cort 

Dct. 3-1. Battle of Co 

" t. Battle of Perr 

4. Ucmocnitlc ■ 



SiS'i'iSTh.' * 



Dumsids supenedn McClellan. 

Batlls of Predericlubucs. 

Jnn. 2. Battleof Murfreeiboro. 



■n. 36.' Hookc 

.pril 7. Uonitc 



1863 A.D. OF UNIVERSAL HISTORY. 



BuioFC, diewhere. Thb World, elKwben. 



«ug. IB. 
Sicily. . 



IB. GBTiWdl in 

\ug!" m" llB"i?"wounded 
' - • ■ i prUoner by 



>epl, 30. Bismarck, premier 
i. G&rib&ldi an. 



Arncnnn 
of Chinaa 



'u.'&l. 



b.O.ThcGro.GHs 
aiM, »itll focM 

Yorktrs &r Lan 



June— Otaot , 



Omttu Is 1803: R 



uij-n-ie. Draft ti. 

Bpt. 7. Port n 
-ept. 10-30. BbI 
Oct. 17. Pmidi 



iS^; 



.uly, Thack- 
iT V«n?eC. 



TABULAR VIEWS 



1863 U«y2-4,ClmnedloraviUecleti 

M»y IB. Viclfstiurg inv«Md by fJnat 
June 13-15, Battls of Wiacbei 
Muryland and PeniuylvBnu 

Weit Virginia admitted. 
FuM 27. Mude auHiitdes He 
[uly 1-3. Gcttyibucg viclory. 



1863 A.D.- 



lU for 30U,UO0 
if Chattupooga. 



Ului 



Aphi 8. battle ol Sabi 
(Kal Kiv-et Expcdilx 
ApnJ 12. lUiuuu:r<: al t 
Uay S-e. 

"' 0. Battle Qf D^ton, Ga. 
10. BaLtIo of Spoltaylva 
lii-ie. En^agemenu m 



Sticrnia.n b 



luiu 2-3. Battle of Cold Harbor. 
June 15. Gmnt before Pelerabutv, 

Franl!" lia'cho, jIIJISj;.' bau'e'Sf'KSI'eBll MountJ! 
josh-B B.:r. W '!■■ ;^ 'Ti rcpliiecilby H.clc. 



Chainberibun 



SavaRO Landor. 
John t-eech. I. R. 
Macculloch. Mey. 

- rw, W. Cunis I 
. ./a. PelUslcr, 
Jpsiali Ouincy. 
Edw. Robinion.H. £ 
R. Schoolcraft. B. E 



'"S.!"-.S; 



April 24. EurDpeao 



OF UNIVERSAL HISTORY. 



EuBopB, elsewhere 



PrcDch snta 



!Jov,— Thiers knd 



Auf , 13- ConsTna of 

pSinkfort.'^^^SS Fed- 
eral Stale" propoieij. 

r. 19- Denmaik: Chrii- 
..an IX. lucci ' 
Frederick VII. 



tfay 20, 

!>Iay 22. EH 

Pelliiier. 



jaiL^War of Auitri* and 
r Prussia against " — 

Hotatrto — Gam 
tiwpi enter Kol 
and Sdhle»«ig. 
Uan-h in I m» TT 



22. DtAth of Uanhal 



Jtalr 8. Pnuaian* take . 



- July IB. China:— Nan 
UkenC'aheapofruir 
by Cordon loi the 1 

f^iping ftebellian. 



Franco -Italian 



Japan : — In retails tarn 
for hrinff upon foreijin 
(hips, Amencans. Eng- 
lish. French, and Dutch 



I. PuMusaorSociB' 



Oct. 16. Cttlar Cn*k detwt luds * 

victory by Bhoidkn. 
Oct. 21. Rebel nid ■( St. Albkiu, Vt. 
Oct. 31. NarmcU becoma m Ststs, 
Nov. 8. LjacalD re-elected nmidast. 
"ov. 30. Schofield [— '— "— * — 

PnnUin. Tans. 
Dec. 13, Fort UcAllI 
Dsc. 15-ia. Hood en 



tb«Siiii 



Bisbop BiDwnell. 
Adm. DupoDt. 
V4l. Kott. Edw. 



, ^t.S, Leopold 

1. Ab, Lincoln, Dr. 



I-Att! 



"-^tenJE 

:m StACcfl pasi 



TABULAR VIEWS 



UllIT«D ST«n*. 



1864 A.D^ 



Bkitiib BurutM, 



ihed by Thomu 






to. IS. Port Kiber taken by Tory, 
Db. 3-3. Peace conference betweei^ 
Prciidimt Lincoln and Gouthem 
in HamntOTi Roed*. 
1 S^ by Union 

■ptuml by 

„ ™. , N. C. H 

, Battle of Five Forlo, 

April 2. Selina. Ala., Uken, 

April 3, Richmond and Petersburg 

occupied by U. S. foicr~ 
April 6, Surrender of 



rew J^uuon » 



Sherman j 

Uay 10. reffenon 
"ay 26. ICirhy B 
Teuia. 

End of tb> 
Uay 22. ProclamaCioi 

une 2B, Trial of aati 

ended, 
uly 7. They are hur 
uly 2d. Pruonen of 

oath of allegiance. 



Uay 6. R 

fcniyde 



LT nleaaed o 
- Shtnandoak 



2. National thankisiving. 

e. ShrTiamloali at Liverpool — 

Novr 10. Cant. Win executed for 

crueltv to V. S. piiionen in Ander- 



Oct .-Movements of 

York, Phila.. etc. 

Oct. 7. Hioti in 

Jamaica :Gordon, 

fM. KanDo] by 

Byn 

}ct. 18. Death ot 
Lord Palmer- 
lion. — Lord John 

iIov"^.'?'™'rf 



1865 A.D. 



OF UNIVERSAI, HISTORY. 



Woiiu), eliewben. 



Oct. 30. Peace between Den- 
mark and lb" •'«— t- — i.~n 
ScUswig-Hc 
burg an 1 — 



liaiaauay: — O u t - 
.hBraiiJ.Nov. 



Pedio. 

Pamin* in Bengal 



Apr.— Paiaffuayaai 
under Lopct {n- 
vade Aiv«ntina. 



(fay, — Napoleon Ill.begins 



Mar 7. Haytl>- 

Military inaur- 



iept.— Namleonl- 



Aug. 1«. Convention of Gutein 
•--.ween Prumia 



in; Sept. lS.Pan«ua<r> 
am defeated by 

•lliea at Sanu- 



t. 1 1. Death o! Lamori- 



TABULAR VIEWS 



.... 


PaOGHIBSOrSoClBIT 


Ukitbd States. 


British Eupiri. 


jsae 




1S66 


1806 






ApnlB. avfl Rights Bill piiBed. 


Jan. e. Gov. By» 






May 3. Colorado bill vetoed. 










^S^St^J 














Ju°y''^.^d^ng^r^jonini. having 


in England •* to 




Ji.ly 28. Atlantic 
^-raph Jur- 

e.l;™blil^Si\t 


hit conduct in 






the liots. 




tionJ Bill: Civil Riahti BUli Pacific 
iUilwiiy (supp,) BilT; Army Bill, and 


June 36. Pall of 




Lord John Rua- 








Kll. 1-otd Derby 






July— Grant appointed Keneial-in<h!ef 
Sherman, lieul. -general ; FamiBut 


enten on bi 




between Prusiia 


third ministry. 












JeatiM in IseO: 


Au?. 14. '"National UnioD Conveo- 






Wbewell. GibBjn. 


l&m" at Phil»delphia. 






Sept. a. Southern Loyalirt Convention 
U PhilBdelphia. 








Sept. e. Curner-atoae oF Dousbu monu- 








ment laid M Chicago by Pnaadeol 








Johnwn. 








Oct. 6, Electioni in Pennsylviinui. 








Ohio, Indiaoa, aod Iowa result in 
















and iid. the Ue^'UraU at«">un:«)- 


































Dec. *8. Sufiraae siven to colored men 








in Uist. of Columbia, by act of 




IBS? 




im"^"^' 


1867. 




April 1. OpeniDg o[ 


Feb. 6. Nebraaka admitted into the 








Union. 








March 1. "Tenuis of OfEce" BiU 








passed. 






Psaia. 


Military government for the South: 
" Reconatmclion Act" passed over 








the president s veto. 


.May 11. Conference 






March 23. Supplementary Bill on 


at London on 








Ihe question of 






passed over Pi™dent« veto. 








Southern Statea divided into live mili- 


Ti«w"^s£nS 






Gen.Schottcld.stVichmond: Sickles, at 






July 1. Award! ol 
the iuna in the 


a:".f"v£ii5rAt;s."s 


territory— ^otl- 
r«s to be isied. 




Orleans. 


-May 21. Proclama- 




^'StI^.TJ: 


March 30. Treaty for purchase of 


iW of the newly 




Alaska Hgned. 


establUhed Do- 






May 13. JeHerson Davi. fel««d ou 














c^lebr.tid at 
Rome. 


July '3. Congress meeu in extra special 
session, and enacts, over prcaiJenfs 


July. -The viceroy 
□1 Egypt and tho 




.IuJy.-En«Iiindvint- 


veto, a bill to confirm and strengthen 


sultan bf Turkey 




c<j by the lultan. 




visit London. ' 




Deaths in I80T: 


in March (July IB). 
Aug, 10. Jury in trial of Sunalt (aa- 


JuU^5.P.^e^ 




Victor Cou.in, 




lill in the HouW 






Surratt dischuved, .Vov, a. 18G8. 








Aug. 12, Scc™o( War Sunlon sus- 


Sept. 24-27. Pan- 






_ pended after refusing to resirn. 










atTi^beth?' 








Sep 1,— Hostilities 


/ 




Sept. 17. Anticiam cemetery dedicated. 


aw>.l ^Aby.. 



1867A.D. 



OF UNIVERSAL HISTORY. 



16. D«tb of D'Auglio. 
June 18. PniHis ind Itnly decUn 
June 2I, luliuis defeated at 



Peru: — Calliobom- 
barded by th« 
Spaniib, liar 2. 



July 4. AuMcia ndes Vo^etia 1 

' Y II. Pruuiani defeat Bava 

July 14. Pnuaiaoa occupy Fianl 

July SO. Italian Sect defeated oS E 

Aug. 23. Treaty of PraBue bi 
- sen PruMi* and Austria. 
3. Tnety of peace betwee 
slria and Italy, ligned i 






Dec .-France withdia 



luloffna and ( 
Janr'lB. Emperor d( 

April 1. Gnat Expcnitio 
opened by the empero 
lay 11. Pnnct ailopi 

June flf'ittempt on life 1 



opened by king ol 



"K.ii^ 



The lulta 
Wale* I 



1 Juno 



Ear, while ridinfl v 
<y of Egypt, king of PruuA, p 



June IS. Execution 
■ of Egypt «• 



1, The emperor dii»f Ji 
luteimedar.of honor 
.heGreal Exposition. 
30. French ttoopa J 
,-.^r Rome. 
Nov. 18. Pacific ipecch of 
emperor on op ' 
Chamberm. 
Dee. 5. Kouher dei 

Italy ahall never 
upon Rome, 



.rtx 



o^idl - , 

bom after t 



:- Oct. 29. Dealruc- 



TABULAB VIEWS 1867A.D.- 



Uhitid Statis. 



. 15. BduciUon 



i«c, Trtaity for purchiM of D»o!»h 
iilandi. St, Thomu vu] St Ji' 
for |7,eOO,Doa. (Isiud. 



Feb. 2i. House votes to impeach Prta. 



Bta Gisot and CoKki. 

I 36, Senate eiljoumi, a/Lec ■ 



jui. 28. Hon than 



ibauy received 
WB.hineton. 
July e. Democratic ConventioD noi 
— ■-- "svmour and Blair, 

Fourtecath AmendiSBnt n 



Wa.hineti 
uly 9. " 



Grant and ColEu electa]. 



Feb. 26. Fifteen ttiAmeodment (oesro 
aufirafie) paaaed by Consreu. 

April IS. NBtunlitation treaty with 
Great Britain mlified. 



^: 



Black Friday," in 'New 
Nov, Wyoming granli complete nif- 



le Domiaion o( 



('"Old Ironside"! 
G, Peabody. Ex. 
Pm, Pierce Gen, 
Wool, Ex Sec 'y 
Stanlon. Lamar 



1869 A.D. 



OF UNIVERSAL HISTORY. 



BuaopB, e[Hwhen. 



1. Ne«r pnn Ui 
pa to Belgium. 



WoHLD. diawhai*. 



.t Uont'g l^tonda: 30. Prtnchl 



i*-Hiui8>rv: — tht Auiglric 



by Serrano, Sepl, 2 



Japan: The mikado 



June is. Panguay- 
HSmaiur^er 



V 20. Spaniih CaitB voti 

nonarchical gaveinment. 

ie 10. Serrano choKn regent of 

ipain. 

:. 8. Vatican Council opened «1 



IT. Suet 

foimally 



TABULAR VIEWS 



I. Proobih orSocuTT 



Apr. Z. Railway from 




, Dailen anal Kbcme ap' 

proved by CongrcM. 

FA. Sfl. llr. Rsveli. lint colored ibsb- 
ber of Uoited Stats Senate (fnnii 
MiiHBippi), Ca^a liii nt; hii dm 
■pe«h for ualTenal amaetty aad 

Ifarch 30, Plflesnth Amendmeat rati- 

beglu to be 

Kovre"~j. L. Uotley, mlninsr I 
land, recalled. 

Republican nujo^'v '" r 
SreaUy reduced by 
Bc. 5. Prettdent Graot'i meaaue 
lOBreti failure of propoial to annex St. 
. Domioga. 

Dec. 23. Qeneial Scbaock '"l''llt1tT 
Loadtai. 



1870 A.D. 



BuTUH EHPtai. 



SdixratioD Act 



iS/O A.D. 



OF UNIVERSAL HISTORY. 



r«n. lU. Vic to 
d^T-d by P 
Bona pane. 



Noil 



ivlei} J«n. 13. Pape't d«i«e condemn-. 

, ins the FmisDi. . 

muT- June ZS. Oueen lubdk of Spain' 



, -..d impnsonea lor libel. 
ll«y 8. Plebiscite qq rdv 

a»y 14. Rion and bafri 

cades in Paris. 
Uay 15, Duke of Gramonl 

lulr 2, Orleans (smily de 
luly, — Prince Leopold 



18, VMiGMl Council voteal 
— pope's infallibility, I 

July 30, Auitrian government' ; 
r --^--Dlvee the eoncoidnt witb! ' 
niL Hi 

20. Italian tnwpg occupy I 



^^JZ. 



ie Aquida- 
>, Fenian 



Treaty of Paris, of ISSe.oeut 
izins I be Black Sea, 
lov, Ifl, Prince Amadeui. .. 
Italy, elected king of Spain by 



vloniill^t^'l^la*, 



, .- Italy. 

De« 28, If anhal Pric 

ed at Madrid. 
Dec, 31, Kins Viclo 



new mlniatry onder P*likw>; 

-WW, .,, U.U........ sain battle of Courcellea; 16, of 

-, 18, of Gravelolte and Reioiivilk; Trochu BOven>or 
: 2fi, Germans occupy Chalooa; 30, 



It by parti of MacMah 



t retreat to Sedan: Aus. 31 and Sepl, I. Baiaine repulsed and 
.1, Sept, 1, Battle of Sedan: 2. surrender of MacMahon'i 
loleon III.: Sept. *. revolution at Par^s, rrpublic declare, 
ment of defence. Trochu _prewd™t; LB. suse of Paris 
is completely invested: 23, Dumoul gets out of Paris with n 

s; r=drep™fiean'n.i™pul cGwn"'at"Lyo°'>!'" ' ' ' "" 
'. Gambetla etcapea ftoin Paris by balloon: 9. organiiea a gov 
irs: 7. areat sortie tnim Ueti npulwd; 10, 11. red republics 
stablish the commune at Paris defeated: II, GetT"-"- i>I<e < 
t Soiasons; 21, French sortie from Idont Valei 



iormed; 10, 
lailsby bal- 



of Coulniiers: 28, battle of Beai 
tacks on the Cernun lines of i 

Dec.a-I.FfBOsh def jiied at Orl . - ., 

Bofde«ux; 33. bucle of Font-NoyeUc» 






236 



TABULAR VIEWS 



^i>. PaooRiuorSocuTv 



, Report of cs 

Dominsp. in 8<n*t<.. 
Ihy 8, /t™iy of. Wuhinston. 



Sept. 38. Gndiul 

tiOQ I>v pttaKlbi 
BimiU. 
Dnthi. 1871: G. 
Ticlmor. Alice ud 
Phwbe C«ry. Gen. 



April fi.. 

ctowD hull for Arbitration of ^/aZ 
clKimi. 
June 10. Stalue of S. P. B. Uone un- 
veiled ia N. Y. 
June 39 Polarii expedition luli for 

Nortb Pole. 
July 13. Riot in New Vorli, OthoKci . 
"^ — InH Onosemen: 63 killed. 117 
inded. 

:po«un of Tweed ring by N. 



du ehirf Onier 
Puha, Tbalberg, 
Henchel. Auber, 
G. Giole. PnnccH 
BelgiojoKj.Pml de 
Kock, R, fltilley, 
C. Bubbose, Sir R. 
Murehimn. Uu- 
•hul Hcnedek. G. 
Hudion ("jailmwy 



i. Mnr. London Con- 



Treaty of ] 
tSrity"S B 



^"^■^■.if-ST 



Mich. foreeU. 
Oct. S-e. Great fire at Chicaira; 18,01 
buildinsi deatroyed; UOO.OOO.O 

Dec. 19. Pint attempt! at civil leivi 
reform m^B by Pmideot Gnnt. 



> and Ijuly 10. Ucmociati a 



11 paued. I 



i"ti,^ig: 

Deaths in ISTi: ' J. 
•- tiiri: Ri-v. F. 



'cm';). T. Gbu- 
ier. Sir P. Bow- 
ing. Merle d'Au- 



PC. 14. Geneva anard lAlabamc 

:t. 2:1 Island of San Joan awarded Cc 

>v. 5. Grant rc-clectcd president. 
>v. — .Modoc war beBira. 
)v. e-10. Great fire in Boston re 
suiting in lou of (BO.OOO.OCU. 



March,— Agrieultu- 



"S!i; 



18/2 A.D. 



OF UNIVERSAL HISTORY. 



EuBDFi, dwwherc 



Complete unDatjr ] 




BattlaotBBinuina 10-12. batUe of Lc Mam: 15-17. 
l=lfort;18, William I. proclaimed emperor at Ver«UIp 

in: IB. gimt KTtie oflOO.OOO i ' "--■ •-' 

.ris capitulatei; 30. Bourbak: 

-■- fned"; treaty ol peace, cet 

•1 ,000.000.000; «nlimiTuu 



ajid French itonn 
Coreui (Irone- 
holdi and piuuu 
Coreoni lot io- 



lermany) 

>. 17. TL 

reh 1-3. Getmnn tro 
la/ 10. ratified by 

T:verriment at Venaillea; 

t Parii. 

[il 2. Military operatior 



>ulKd:23. Tn>< 
Aliace and part of Lomine, 



lain 48 houn. Treaty c 



begin between nvenunent ftnd amunurie; 
>li«9ed at UuseUls; S. Venaillea army under 

Paria _a_Qd_ occupy jmrt; 23-24. Tuiletiei. 



UacMahon bc«ini < 
May 21. Govemmei 

Hotelde Villc. etc., burned by conufluiiisU: 28. tighlinsenc 
pmied: about ane-(iftli of Paria burned, and ioa ol pi 
mune. tlSO.OOO.OOO; 29, deciM diwrming Paris; 31. Tbien made 






tabliihed at Paris. 

Ocl, 6. Pilarimaees 

some 20.000 persoiu 



Lp™"l. Tercentenary of iJutci 
indcpendeace obaerved. 
if AprU £4. —May 1. Eruption o 
V«uviu( 



. Uni' 



Id by Knch. 

M enters Spain; 
to France. The 

expelled froia 



ed. Belgium and Giul Dril 

Sept. 18. Oeatb of Charles 

of Sweden ; succeeded by Oacar 



1. Wat be- 
en HoDdutu 

S.Attemptto 



mikado of Japan. 
Illy 18. Deathof 



Teiada 
uly22.M 



killed. 

ug. 17. „_.. 

embassy in Bng- 



238 



TABULAR VIEWS 



A.D. 1 PHociiuorSocirrv 


Unii»d Statu. Butiih Bunm. 


1S73 




1873 1873 




Ju. 1. EuopMn 


Jan., 8. House of. Rep. appcrfnlscom- 


Jan,^trike. o£ 




ciJ«nd>r mliodue- 








«s.'i?ivt;.„ 


seandali. 






Feb.— FigbCins and disEurbancca in New 


Jime-^July. -Shah 
0! >et«« vi«a 




.boliihed in Porto 


Orleans. 




Rim. 


Apr. II. Gen. Canby and otben mur- 


England. 




-i'.'.srr.'r'.-i 


densd by Modoc*. 


June.-OutbrMiko£ 




une.— Modocs suirender. 


war with Aaluui- 






tis. 




■^Sjsm 


Nov.— Encitement over eiecution by 






Spinlarda of AmeHcani from steama- 






Ss»s..".s: 






D«thl. 1873: N«- 








fSs;."fc."?: 








as-iSib'SrSi: 














C. UKnady. Dr. 








kia-atLn" 














Manioni, F. von 








R.umn. M, Odil- 








lon-Birrot, Sir. E. 








Landseer. U. 








Rataiii. S, P. 








Chase. Asassii. 






1874 




1874 


1874 




June 22. Telegraph 


Feb.— Women's whiskey-wai; women try 


Jan. 23. Duke of 




Great BritaiQ and 


S Ohro'ind''N"Y'^' '"' ^""'"' "^ ■ 


™fri«'' "crand 




Brazil. 


Apr. 22'.° President Grant vetoes bill 


Duchess Marie of 




Aug. —International 


(or inconvertible paper money. 
July.— Beecher scand;a breaks out. 






eongre« at BruB- 


Feb."f7'*Gladstone 




lelsonlawaofwar. 


Aua.l7. RiotsatAustin.Mi5s.,negroes 


ministry out: 




Sept. 15. Intern a - 




D'lsmeli suc- 




lional poilal con- 




ceeds him. Feb. 




gress a'. Beme^ 




21. 






deieuatea at Philadelphia. 


Feb. 28. Oose of 




Ml^opt, a system 


Sept. IB. Gov. KelJQBtf of La., deposed 






Deaths 1874: En- 




Tichboms uial. 




Pres. Fillmore. C, 


S^'forTes"' "' "'"*"■ "'*°""' '"' "■ 


May 13-21. Visit 




Sumnet F. Guiiot. 
A.vonRoIhKhild. 


Oct. 27. Triennial Episcopalian con- 


of ciar of Russia. 




vention: canon aaainst ritualuan. 






Chang and Eng 








(Siamese twins). 


specie payment Jan. 1. 1S7B. 






Dr. D, F. Strauss, 














187S 




1875. 


1875 




Jan.^-CivU reHistra- 
tion and civil mar- 


Feb. 4. Senate rejects new reciprocity 
treaty with Canada. 


March 0. Moody 
and Sankey.tho 




riaije adopted by 


Feb.— Civil Rights Bill (for negroes) 








passed. 






May" 23!" Pw^of 
Switicrland adopt 




sail (on return) 




June 17. Centenary of Bunker Hill. 
July 2, Beecher trial ends. Jury dis- 






civil mamaee by 


^irg'.fEs 




N™ 28. Italian eov- 


Se?a"^'* Fint'^A^tS^an' cardinal 






ernment buj-s the 


(McOoskey) received at Rome. 


NOVA'S; Govern. 




Northern Italian 


Oct.— Inflationist defeats in Ohio 


ment purchase of 






and Iowa. 






Publication of Mn. 








Eddys.W«(«.d 








lliiillli and Kty 10 






1 









1875 A-D. 



OF UNIVERSAL HISTORY. 



... 




WosLD, elsewhen. 


1873 




1873 


1873 




Feb. — Letter of Comte de 




Feb. 23. Emperor 






Italy and Great Britain. 


Toung.Chi ol 




all ^ hope of Bourbonist 


Feb. 11. King Amadeus of Spain 


gov«™n«i 




Mar, 15. Convention for 








mmpicle evaeualion by 


S"S."«^L„"-affiS 


Und. declare 




whole indemnily. 


Church known as the Kuilur- 








kampf. 


June 6. Sul'un of 






June 8. Spain declared a republic 


Zaniibat signs 








treaty with 




bytheAHembly. 


Carliit rising^ in the south: 


Great Britain 




Aug. 2. Uermac. liave left 
France, except Verdun: 


Sept. 7. Caste! ar chosen pieEi- 
dent of the eiecutive. 


agreeing to the 




6. the Orieanista reco«- 


Oct. 21. Jesuit, expelled from 
their coDveota antf college, at 


the sUve trade. 




iii« Comte deChsmbonl 


June 10. Khiva la. 




a> chief. 


Rome. ^ 


ken by the Rus- 




German indemnity paid; 










SSj'lS'u&SaiS' 












dun; 10. tost Gennana 








leave Fnace. 








Nov. 20. UacUabon'iterm 








made 7 yean 










































1874 


1874 




Mar. 16. Imperialist de- 


Jap. 4. Smano bead ot mioiatry 


Feb. 5. British 




monstration at Chi«l- 




force tmder Sir 




burat. at majority (18 


Jan, 13. CBTtagena last commu- 


G^ Wol^y^oc- 




yean) of pnnee un- 


nist ilronghold taken. 
Apr. IB. Revised constitution 








sie, the capital 




July 2. Koyalist pcoclama- 
tion by the Count de 


adopted in Switieriand. 
July 23. Extradition treaty lali- 
fied. Netheiland. and Great 


of Aihanti. 




Feb. 13. King ot 




Chambofd. 


Ashanli makes 




Ai^O., Escape of Uanhal 


Britain. 
Dec. 31. Alfonso. »□ of Queen 


tJCS: 1,.^. 




/ioa. 31. Vendome column 


Isabella, proclaimed king of 


tion at Nagasaki, 






Spain and Cnovas del Castillo 






Dec. 3.. Public thank* to 


head of ministry. Throughout 


Sept."^. Annexa- 






the year the Cailitt wm rages. 


tion of Fiji Isl- 




during war with Ger- 








many. 




Briii.^^ ^"^ 


187S 




1876 


1878 




Feb.-Mar,-Con.tilutional 


Jan.- Alfonso XII. arrive* in 


Apr. 5. Idand ot 




changes in a republican 




Saghalien ceded 








by Japan lo Ra- 




June 23. Ue.lruclivB flood. 


jujy — IniuiTiKlion against the sia 
Turks in Herregovina. May' IS. Sevok 




at Toulouse. 




Nov.— The National As- 


Aug.— Insurrection in Bosnia. Chilian towns of 




■emblv adopU tne sys- 
t™ of vDlina by arron- 


Oct. 6. Turkey announces sus-l 3U.00U papula- 




pension of payment on half the 
incerett of Eer public debt. 


tion destroyed 




dissement. 


by an earth- 




Sec.— ReportiOQ trial of 








communisti .ho* 




Oct. IB ■ Egyptiaa 




B.398 conviction, and 








110 death (entencei. 







TABULAR VIEWS 



187s A.D.- 



..., 


Pkogkeudf Society 


Uhttid States. 


B.,„..E,„... 




Icthi. 187S: C. 
Lyell, Ex-Pra 

net. ToungJJhi 






tSTS 




1876 


1870 






Jan. 1. Centennitl year, gnat demon- 






courts in Egypt be. 


■trationi in Philadelphia. 








Mar.— aiinistec Scbenck resigns in 








consequence of Bnima Mine scandal. 






Arctic expedition 






pattv had r«aled 
S" io- north. 


Apr. 1*. Lincoln monument, erected 
hy negroes, unveiled at Washington. 






Dec, 21. New penal 


Uay 10. Centennial Exhib. opened at 
June 18. Mayes and Wheeler nominat- 


May 1. Queen pro- 
claimed Einpresa 




German Empire. 


o( India. 




D»ths, 1S76; Vice- 


ed at Cincinnati. 


Sept. e. Gladstone 




Fm. H. Wilson, 




publiiha his de- 




feSiS"? 


ambushed and destroyed by Sioux 


nunciation of the 




on the Little Hig Horn. Montana. 


Turkish alrociti- 






June 29. Tilden and Hendricks nomi- 


tiea in Bulgaria. 






nated at St. Louis. 






Sand. Gen. Santa 


July 9. Hamburg (S. C.) massacre of 






Anna, C. Pener. 








Cardinal Anlo- 


Aug, I. Gen. Belknap, ex-secretary 01 
war. impeached lor comipUon, but 






Invention of tele- 


acquitted by 35 to 25 in Senate Ituo- 






phone. 


thirds must convict). 

Oct. 17. President Grant s proclama- 

allect elections in South. 
N0V.7. President.alelection;Hayes»nd 
Wheeler chosen by 185, to 184 (or 
Tilden and Hendricki. 




1877 




1877 










Apr. 12. Th« 






report Datien eanal practicable. 


Transvaal nn- 




itanley's exploia- 


Jan.— ExtT»ditioo treaty signed with 


nexed to the 








British Emnire. 




show identity of 




Apr, 30, Neutrality 






Kellogg) inaugurated in Louisiana, 


kusso -Turkish 






Kellogg maintained by V. S. troops. 




Jeaths: Tayler Lew- 


Jan.— Fourteen fishing sthooncn, ov*r- 






is, J. L, MdtlEy, 




July2^. Pan-Pres- 






losl with'a]fo'n''toai5!'"*"'™"'' " 


bytcmn con- 






Jan —.Moody and Sanlicy opened meet- 


ference at Edm- 




E. L. Davenport, 




burgh. 














created to decide on election of Hayes 














Thiers, Btishani 


March 2. Hayes declared elected. 








Apr. 10. U. S. troops evacuate South 
Carolina sIate-hou«. Gov. Uhamber- 
lain has to yield to Hampton. 

Apr. 24. U. S. troops evacuate 
sUti:-house at Nov Orleans, Kellogg 

June 29, Pres. Hayes s letter prescrib- 
ing that national dice -hoi dcR must 



















OF UNIVERSAL HISTORY. 



.... 


F«ANC1. 


Eiraopa. elMvbcn. 


World, abawbn* 


187B 




1878 


1878 






Jan. 31- AndiBBV t»te pnaented 


Feb. 20. Khokand 




IS7S *500,000,000, uid 


Co Turkey, ■ucgeatiiis refoimi. 






10 be the Ui««t =v=r 


Mar. 20. Triumphal entry oi Al- 


■ia. as Ferghana. 




received by any govera- 


fooio into Madrid, the CarJial 


July 17. Gen, 
Canal president 






■^r^S^SaFS 




Peb. -Uor.— R e p u b 1 i CB a 


Oct. 31.J?yclonein 




majority elected lo 






Chambe™. 




Bengal lunmenie 




Mov. 3. Pnnce announcei 


May,— Ruingain Bulgaria, cruelly 
put downljy Turka, 


loai of prapertr 




her neutraliLy m the 






Ruuo-Tuikieb war. 


May 30. Sullin Abdul-Aiii de- 


Porfirio I^ enters 




'•■Lii,£:r^r'" 


poeed: Murad V, >uimed>, 
JuTyZ Servia and Montenegro de- 
clare war agaiast Turkey, 


Mexico and de- 
clares himself 












July 9. Turkey renudialee nay- 


ident. 






menu on public debt until 


Dec. 10. Baei. 








h'^Z."'^'- 






Aug, 31, Sultan Murad depoied: 
Kbd«l Hamid II, sucQcedi. 














tween Turkey and Servia, 








Dec, 23, Con.tiiulion for Turkey 












1877 




18T7 


1877 








FBb.-DiailslBpo.- 




roinnlry of Jules Simon: 


ussion of power 




succeeded by De 


Apr, 24. RuBia dccTarei war 


in Mexico: Ex- 




Bmghe. 
fuly»>. Gambetta'icel- 
ebrated speech acainit 


g?S.J"-'- ■•'' "•■" 


President Lerdo 




May 21, Jubilee at Rome, fiOth 






M*; Mahon. -.ubmit 


aonivenary of pope', episcopate 


April 12. Britisb 




Sept, 3. Beat hof Thiers. 




nile established 






in Transvaal, 




Uct. 14. Election! lavor- 




May 9 Great 












Mo'i-.'aa nZg^t^Tot 


at Simnit«. 


"d1l'wa«!c52rt 




theDeBnwlieminiatry. 


July 0, Over 120,000 Rusiiani 


of Peru; loss, 
120,000,000 and 




Dec, 14, Formation of the 


have CTTMsed at Sislova, 




Dulaun minutry. 


July, The German cjuarrel with 
of 4 bishops and 6 archbishops; 


UUU live*. 




































July 14. Russians under Gurko 








croH Balkan. 








js^STira^. .. 


^ 



TABULAR VIEWS 



1877 A.D.- 



AJl. PboobwOvSoCImi 



Jaly.- 



■thi: Pjiu IX., 
fF. C. Bry»nl, 
SavHrd T&yloT. 



m. Sa Senate ntiliea Samoi 
tn>ty which giva V. S. naval vesu 
UH of harbof of Pagopaao. 

Feb. 28. PuBga ol the Bland Silv> 
Bill. 

Uay 17. HouH of Repieicnutivet a} 

vestigate allcsed fiaudi in preaidei 
Ciale[ectioaori87e. 



An Indian war under Cbid 

h bi«ak( out in Idaho. 

1. Beginning of gmt milmy 



key usncd, b 
which Cypru. ; 



Kpt. 3. P 

~ Alia lun: 

London : 



Britibh £hfiki. 



OF UNIVERSAL HISTORY. 



Aug. 21. Suldmui ] 
uuulU on Shiplu 

tcpt. 3. RussUni At 
8, MonteneBrini a 

Jet. Ifi. Mukhur P. 
St Aladja Dagh. 

'iov. 17. iQiurrectioi 



kloDg Greek 



1 ■ Turlciib anny of S5.000 
in Shipka Pi" " --■" 
AdrwnoplB. 
King Victor 1 

. ifing Huni 

23. Klua AlfoniD of Spain 
nia Princess Mercedes. 

._. 7. Piui IX, din; 20, Leo 

XIII. - - - 



j»Q. -Feb. — 7«mln« 






Xlll. ii Elected pope. 
Mar. 3. TiuEy of San Stefi 

-wtween Russia and Turke)>. 
y 4. Attempt Co assa&ain 

Imparir Viiliium of Cerma 
JucwS. Another attempt to au 

■inate empe—' "< f:.~„..„„ 
June 13. Meei 






I. Meeting 
_. __■ at Berii 
leze. DMlh ol 

Juh'13. TmtrofBerlin lignedby 

Buiopean Powers. 
Aif.— Opposition in Bosnia to 

Oct. le. Anli-Socialiit'Billpaaaed 
hy Germanv, 



No< 



King Alfonu of Spain. 
3V. IT. Attempt to assaa 
King Humbert of Italy. 



nearly 3000 

livei loat. 
kpr-lI.Tomadoat 
CantoD, Cliina, 
in which lO.OOO 

mated to ba kill- 
ed. 
.as, — Uarquis ot 
Lome ia appoint' 

Sept . — Pratactlon- 

elecUooi: ^ 
John A. Hacdon- 
ald becomes pn- 
■nier: and larifi 
lain ar« {i«sied. 



TABULAR VIEWS 



KpiH 30. Tnty be 
tween Gtekt 
BriMin uid Gcr- 



y 18. Switwriuul 



July B""/™^ 
Bill irom Stn 

Pranci 

Oct. 25. Fl 



ISTS 



Oct. IB. Tba AiiactMi kill (any imUui 



in the Nether, 
landi. 
Nov. 15, Seventh 
ble laid under l.._ 

The North ei 

lar) Pa.™i, 

by Noraen«ki61d. 



vcml lanRuute 
(Volapiik) by J. 



Von Dulow. h! H. 



Ukitbd Btatu. 

Portjr-elxth 

_^je™ of I 

Imn the BUek Belt 



I879A.U.- 



BuTuH Bhpikb. 



Jan. 13. Britidi 



of Duke of Con- 
naught xo Prin~ 



runs 24. Zulu in- 
vade Natal; 28. 

GeneialWoIteley 
ianda at Durban, 
[uly 1. Zului de- 
feated at UlundL 



tS^g A.D. 



OF UNIVERSAL HISTORY. 



•^ 


Phamo. 


EuaoFH, elaewhen. 


Tai WoHtD. djewheie. 


1870 




187S 


IS7S 




Jan. 30. Uanhal Jtoc- 




Jan.8._Brituihtraop.enter 




Maho.i reiiuni the uresi- 
dency and Jujes Grtvy 




Feb. 12. Chiliana take po». 




it elected in hi. place. 




■essioa of diiputcd 




Feb. 2. Resignation of the 


lUt. 12. River Thoiia la 


Bolivian territory. 




Dufaun ministry. 


Htingary bre.lt. il> 


Feb, Ifl, King of Bumu^ 




Feb. S. Appointment of 
the Waddington mio- 


dyke* and d«iioya 300 














Mar™20. Riusian tmops 


feb. 21. Death of SheiV 




J^e^i. Prince Louia 


evacuate Adrianople. 


Ali, ameei of Afghani.- 




NapoleoD lulled by the 


Apr. H. Attempt on the 


ESt ■«■£."■ ■- "- 




Zulua. 


life of Alexaoder II. of 






RuMia. 


Mar. 2.1. Chiliani captun 






Apr, 28. Prince Alexander 


Calama, 








Apr. fl. Chili toipally de- 
clatei war against Pern: 
11. Peruviaos defeated 






prince of Bulguia. 








in naval battle of] Loa. 








May 26. Afghan. WIUOI- 






Nov. ZS. Kins AlConM of 








Spain mA^a the Arch- 








due he« M»ri« Christina. 


Esypt. abdicate! and il 




W»ddingloil miniitry. 


Dec. 30. Attempt to ai- 


succeeded by hU •on. 




•aBinata Kiog Alfomo 


Tewfik Paiha. 




the Freydnet raini.tiy. 


of Spain. 


July IB. Chiliana bombaid 
Iquique; 21, Peruviana 
bSmbarJ C^ldera. 

mont of Iquique by 
Chilian.- 18. balUe at 

and 28, at Alitofuaita.' 
Sept.. 1. Bolivian. anTper- 




























vicloriou* at Saa Ftao- 














"Hh-'isaK-s! 






















Oct, 2. Afghana repulaed 
















targardan by Lord Rob- 








ert.; 21. abdication of 








Yakoob Khan. 








Oct,S. Chilian, capture the 








riMjcor. 








Nov. 2. Chilian, csptura 








Pisagua; and, 17. Con- 
















the Pttomayo; ' 13. 








are defeated at Quint- 
















M^lofa'reriS'u'iJS 
(23), and Tarapaca 

Dec'^^ii. Afghana deleaMd 














near Cabul; and 23, at 
















Dec.-^'raident Prado flev 








friHn Peru and Pietola 








becomca diculot. 



TABULAR VIEWS 



».D. PKOCHHSSOFSoClBTr 


United Statu. 


BalTUH EliPlBH. 


1880 




1880 


1880 




Feb. 18. SUvefy 


J«n, a, C. S, Punell arrive* in New 


Jan, 3, Riots in 




■boliihed in Cula. 


York to pleui (or the Iriah cauu. 


Oraoemara. Ire- 




Feb. 29. TunneJ 


Uar. 30. Relief Bhip leaves New York 






■nl Bl. complet- 


for Iiel««l. 


Feb. 17. Parlia- 






ment defeau bill 








Chile in^Ireland 




■t Lubon al ter- 


Oy Republican, at Chicago. 






centenary of C 


Junell. Weaver and Chamberi nomi- 


E,^lSSd° "and 






nated by Gieenbiwlt-Labot Conven- 


Scotland. 




Aug. 14.' Completion 
oC Cologne C>tn. 


tion at Chicago. 


Mar. 24, Parlia- 




JuneJ4. Hancock .nd English nomi- 






edisi. begun in 


nated by Democrats at Cincinnati, 


Apr. 21. Kesigna. 




1248. 


Sept. 23. The Schwatka Arctic ex- 


tion of Beaconi- 




Nov. 4. Kinias 


pedition retumi to Ne» York. 


lield. 




adopts prohibitory 


Nov. 4. Garfield and Arthur elected 


Apr. 23, Appoint- 






^^p;uj,dua and v,«.g^^^t^^.^^ ^ 


ment ot Gild. 




conrtitulion. 


stone aovera- 




°Ti»,i.'i«'ii°fe 








c£n^l?tab^°' ™n.i«i»tK.n of 


»uJ-Vn.urrec- 








tioni m Western 




Daih.: Ola Bull, 




Ireland, 








June.— House of 




prae pt ituHia, 




Commoni re- 






fuses to allow 








Bradlaugh to 




IWwbU'ch, Tot 




take hii seat. 




T.ylnr. 




(Jet, -Nov. — R,on 
in various parti 

D«'.l8"'ijSe trial 

^"'Uir'fn 

Dublin. 


1881 


Feb. 7. Work besun 
on PLrunia Canal. 




Jan. 25. Iriih 
State trial ends 




May 17, 19, Rev,«d 








New Testament 




Mar. 2 Passage of 




J'^odsndAmen^ 


Junes. l)r™tUnlain pays (75,000 for 




Fortune Bay tiihencs damages. 


Coercion Hill. 




"d«troycdi;'y"c*in 


July 2. Garrield ahol by Guitcau in 

July iU. "Indian Chief Sitting Bull sur- 
rendcraat I'ort lluford. 


*Kte.Tjj^ 




AuJ.— Eloclntil E»- 






tiibilion opened at 


Se|>t.lU. Garticldd,K.atElberon,N,J. 






„P»rb. 


!Mpt, 21), 2i. Arthur takes mlh at 


m*cnt of Irish 








Land Bill. 




Gen. Ilurnside 


Oct. 5. Intemalional Cotton Exhibi- 






Carlyle,UeanSta,.- 








ley, J. U. Ho».nd, 


Oct. lg. Centennial c'clFDratian ot 






ii^t';i'^'Mi" 


battle of Vorklown: British flag 






tainted by order of the president. 
Nov. 14. Beginninft of Itul of Cuiteau 






BlunlKhli. 








..fortnurdMoCGarTield. 




1882 




1882. 


I8B2 




J. P, Slater aivei 


J*D. 35. , Cuiteau trial ended in his 


.\iar, 2. Attempt to 




il.000,000foredu- 








calion of the cdI- 




oS«n''v'."t°na° 




oreil people o( Ihc 


Fph. iW,' Congress passes apportion - 


Apr. ^-7 Mamage 




oS',:™„._ 


lives 32S meoiben. 


of Prince Lto- 
pold to Pnn- 




of dcctiic light. 




ceMi Helena of 
Waldeck. 



OF UNIVERSAL HISTORY. 



Ian. 29. Bill ^ 

■ch, — Passage of the 

e.— Anjiy chaplliins 

e 29. Island of Tahiti 
_nnexed to Pnnce. 
lunc 30. Jtsuits ixpeUed 



Dct. 30, Rrligioua hoi 
of Jesuits foreiblyelos 

Mov, 9. Pmy ministry 
■ignibut, 11. withdi 

Ok. 9. Bmfor taxinfl 



Ufty IS, Tunis lurranden 

to French. 
luhr 16, French army take* 

28. French occupy 



__., — Failureoflhe Union A 

Gininlt. 
Jan, 26, Reiienation of the 



I Feb. 17. Explosion in the ' j 
Winter P^e, the WDrl< IV 
of Nihilist conspirators 
Bsainst the life of Alex- 
ander II. Gen Melikoil 



:hneansoceupyllo. 
. Chileans bam^rd 




lav M, Chileans Uke 
■Hit: 7. Chileans capture 
■.iy'V Chilean Lea 

uly'S. Abdul Rafmati 
rtcosniied by British 
at ameer of Cabul; 27. 
liritish detealed at 
ICushk-i-Nakhud. 

Lua, 'dl. Lord Roberts en- 
ten Kandahar alter a 

relief, 
pcpt. 1. Afflhaofl defeated 

at CandaTiar, 
lov. —Rising of the Boers 

in the Tnimvaa) aEainst 



Jan, 13, Chilean vict 



Feb 8, at Ingo«o Rive 



May. — 'Renewal of politicaj 



TABULAR VIEWS 



UHITUI StlTCl. 



Britub Ehmrb. 



uch i. lodictmenl 

ColDinbik in com 

Star RouU fimudi. 

lUlch 33. Tha EdmuDdi Lawi 

la Uub 



Mdi, Puuy, Abp. 



R. H. D»M. Jr. 
Auerbsch.Dr 



potyBunv la Utah paned. 
Ifay. OutDnak of Apache ladiuii in 

" * '* ■■■ lupeadicfl 

^ching- 



■vt. --_ 

ChioCM immisntion for 
JuQB 30. Gultaaa hanged 

Jul jr-Sept,— Great M 
'- PenniylvaniB. 
3. Consraa 



' of inm wofken 



Jul}' 12. Queen 
UB. — Paisige of 

of pnKcdure. 
"X. So. Aithbiih- 
opric of Canter- 
buiy accented 
by Biibop Ben- 






18. Standard 






Taiiff bill dgned bf Ibe pmi- 

Jury""l6. Civil Service Refonn Act 
(piuecd by Conines la Jan.) gOf4 into 

July; IB. Strike of telegraph operators, 

(CollapBcd Aug. 17.) 
July 23. /'rolnu, »ent to itscue tht 
Grecly Arctic expedition, crushed by 
ice in Smith'i Sound. 
I. Northern Pocilic Kailroad coi 

Oct. 



June IQ. SulToci 




Illy 19. Dtocovery 

edy™r 



Jan. 21 Jroo-dad M 

Civil War) repealed by CongrBU. 
Feb. ID-21. Gnat tloodi in Ohio valley. 
■ appropriated by ConoreM 



OF UNIVERSAL HISTORY. 



H] 


■^„.. 


BuROFB. elsewbete. The World. iliBwhen. 


1SS2 




1882 


1882 




April 3. Fiwich capture 




July 11, British fleet bom- 




Ha-NoiinAnnam. 


square milH to Lirce,;e, 


barilf AlexiinQria: 12 




Aug, 7. Formation of tho 


in rectificolion of i;ie 


Egyptians evacuate and 




Uuclerc ministry , 




fire Alnaodria. 




Det. — Compulsory Educa- 


th'=&S7re"o7BCTH?iI''' 


Auk, 15, Gen. Wolieley ar- 






OcE. 3. Attempt to asaas- 


nves at Aleuadlia; 20. 




roree. 


.inate King Milan of 


seiiM the Suo Canal. 




D«, 31. Death of Giun- 


Servia. 


si.a-«S?,"„5'ji: 




betU. 










at IvJissasin Lock, 








Scpl, 13, British defeat 








|jb,terij.T"3S 






























rendeis: 'and. 3A, khe- 








divE returns to Cairo. 








Dec. 3. Arabi sentenced to 








khedivo to petpetud 


18B3 




1883 


1883 '■ 




Ian. 28. Reiienation of the 


Ian. — Great floods In 


Jan, 16. Return of Cete- 




Ouderc ministry and 


Europe. 1 wsyo to Zululuul. 




iomation ,ol Ibe Pa!- 


Mar, 29. Murder at Path June.— French aureB>on> 






of the lord chief justice in Uadagaacar. 




Feb':™ RiC^k Prince 
Napoleon after three 








specie payments in Italy, SUrJcy. 




Feb. 18. Resignation of tbr 
Failitiea ministry and 


(Suspended sinte lB6o.) Aug.— Volcanic eniptiona 
May i7. Coronation of in Java «od oeighbotinji 




fonoation of the Peiiy 










Russia. Bt Kosivw. 


deaths. 




Feb. -Ji. Hoyal princes dis- 


May-Aug. Persecutions of 


Aug, 2S, French protecto- 




missed from tne array. 


July 28. Earthc(ualte on 


rate esublished over 




Mgr.-luoe—U.u,M Michel 


Annam, 




canoes on Anarchiat 


itknd of ischia (near 


Oct. 16. Surrender of Cel^ 






Naples), deslroyins 5000 






^n'sulfed^a'^P^iis?'^'' 


AMr™Milit«ry revolt in 


OcTaO, Tr^iy'*of''^i«e9 
signed betweenChifo and 




p^;??,;"G^vr' ^^ 


Peru. 




Sepriw. Unveiljng of the 


under Hii:k> Pashia. 






5^'^h!'NiSi!j^idd"kd- 


crushed bytlteMahdi at 






desheim. 


El-Obeid in the Sudan. 






Oei.— Roisnatioo of Span- 








and^foj^ion '^"™ 








ministry under Poiada- 








Herren. 








Nov. 10. Celebration In 








Germany of fourth 








birth. 
[>«. 4. Insurreclian in 

lUUy joioa the alliance be- 




















Austria, thus foirni^ 








theTnpIe Alliance. 




1884 




1S84 


1884 




Juna 19. Annention of 




J«n.2i "Chitrtse'-Cordoa 




(Cambodia (part ol 


ne<r Spanish ministry 






China) to French terri- 


under Canovu del Cas- 






lUlo. 


WT, , 1 . 



TABULAR VIEWS 



IjTl S 

Bridge. 



LioruU conference 
London. 
13. Interna- 

WHshingion , 



Deaths: Dr. Luker. I 
Waidell PKillipi. 
CuvDt. Mignei, 
Prince Leopold. ' 
Cha*. Rende,T«B- 
lioni. J. P. Beoia- 
min.CWO 'Conor. 
Count Todiebeo. 
Lapiius.SirE.Wil- 



Unitbd Statsb. 



1SS4 

By 29. People'! (Labor ■nd Greenback) 
M. Weit for Ibe preiideacy and vice- 

G. fiJaineandJ-A.LoBan for tbepresi- 
Idency and vi«.preiidency. 
ine 22. Rescue off Cape Sabine of 
Lieut. Greely and lii aurvivon ol his 
Aretlc eupcdition— 17 of tbe party 
havinji perifkhed. 
ily IL Democratic party 
Grover Cleveland and T. 
drick) for the preaidencr 



iminate 






el for tl 



British Bhpiki 



Aow up Timii 
AprV'ie. Celebrm- 
:Dniiil of Bdin- 



ov. Prutage oI 
bill by Parlia. 
loc. is! Attempt 



Han 



F-aul 



Jan. I. Timeof re 



May 4. Openins of 



a of Cotton Expoiitioo 



Si's 

y of the WMhioglon 



er postage reduced from 

lusuratioQ of Prendcnt 

by N, Y. Leais- 
<l>c park St Nia- 



Apr. IQ. Passage at 

eara FalK ^p- 
July 18,> 

Uay 5. Conclusion of treaty with Co- 
kiinhian govcmmentBitablishinfi joint 



iiy with Japan. 

July 23. Ucath of Uenarai U. S Gi 
Aug, §. Public funeral o! Gen. Ccai 

New York. 



Tower. London: 

Mar. 26. faifEcully 
line advances 



Liberal (Glad- 



1 88$ A.D. 



OF UNIVERSAL HISTORY. 



niOFB, elsgvheit. 



French MUili F< 



Merv (Genual Alia) b 

Bb, 17, Attempt to Awu 
BTicts kins of Italy, 
ins 12. Regulation i- 

JuDs 31. Dcatb >]< prince of 
Oiange. crown piinc« of 
Holland, 
une — Aug. — Peraaeu 
of Jewiiin Russia. 



July 17. Discovery of pi 



Gomany: EnacEnie 
cf an accident insuran 

Opening of t 



ISw. 30. RcBgnation of .— 
Ferry minlitry caused by 

JiMo"". ?ub"e *fune 

Victor HuEO in Pa 

June 0. Treaty o( 



Ee^. 



Barthouaki 



ine 24 .Cbolera appears in 
Spain: 82.000 deaths ' 
end of Auirust. 
July 12. Attempt to aui 
— Lto emperor of O 

^^18. Rebellion 
.tern RoumelLa: i 
ed to Bulgaria. 



eb. 4. Defeat of Baker 
Pacha by Egyptian 
rebela under Osman Dig- 

eb.fl. Death of Celewayo. 
'eb. 29. Osman Digna de< 
feated by Gen. Crabam 



■Toksr. 
lar. 13. Oi 

defeated a 
[ar. 30. I 

small poi a 






Jan. 19. The Ifabdl defeat- 
ed by the British under 
Gen. Stewart near Me- 
tammeh in the Sudan. 

Jan, 28. If ' 



sdbyth 



npediti 



inderLord Wolsc 

"u'd".'" '**™ """ 
J. — Formation of Congo 
~ree Sute. 

:. 21. Prolectonte over 
- ■ ■ anted 



n IsJandi 



Cermany by treaty. 
Mar. 30. Ruiuans defa 

Afghani at Penjdeh. 
ar. 30. Pre*. Barrios, of 

Guatemala, killed while 

advaniHag ualntt San 

Salvador, 

ar. 31. Cokm burned by 



Deatha: Colfax. B. 

Abiii.R.u"'Whfc: 
Frelinghuyiexi 
Hugo. Baron v. 



Houghlon. "H. 
H/'Jackson.Abp, 
W«CI05kcy, H. W. 
Stuw ("Josh Bill- 
ings''). Gen. Mc- 
Clcllan. John Mc- 
Cullough, Vice- 



TABULAR VIEWS 



Uhitbd Statbs. 



in Wyoming Ter, itiacked by whita 
and Afly of them killed. 
>c[. 10. With the deilnii^tioa of Flood 
Rock by bliutinti. the work ot 
clearing Hell Gate in the Bait Rivet 



Alfoiuo, 



V'if 



i8se 



1. 19. Pa«ge of bill regulating ai 

D of both p^denl 'and'^i. 
.*len(. 
b.e. Chinese in S«allle(Washingto 

f May 1-4. Labor 



Feb. ,6. Ch 

May 1-4. I 
Milwaukt 



1885 A.D.- 



Bkitish Eunai. 



5«rl Speo- 
lord lieu- 



Henry of Ballen- 
Sept. fi. Comple- 



- June 



J. 2. Celebi 



Oeatha: Gen. Han 



dbyA 
f Presiden 



>f Aug. 20. Seven Anarcl 
i murder for Chicago 1 
■, Aug. ai-31. Charleslo 



e White HouB 



< band of 



indcr GUd- 
Defeat of 



Whipple, P. H. . 



loldi's statue of "Liberty 

-eiled in N, Y. harb 
:tion in tariff dutie. .. 
10 CongrcBs by Preai, 

jr strikes throughout I 






Jan. 21. Passage c 



OF UNIVERSAL HISTORY. 



Nov. 2S. Accenion of M 
caja to Spanish thrt 
(on death of hw fat: 
Alfonso Xll.) under 

SS^ra Chhttit^'r 




■. S7 Treaty of peace 
Coed bccveen Servui 



M»/ 17. Posthumoia 

« the king of Spain. 
Alfonso X in. 
iJune 13. Death by d 



ne 2a. Pta—tge o( law tui brother. Otto I 
eipellins royal prince* under regsocy of Prim 
bota French torritory. Luitpold. 



ropertv.(Re»toi 
J Colombian e. . ... 
.yZ.Uoithoftbe Hahdi. 



Jan. 23. Btrillu elocted 

pr. 7. Soto elected preet. 

of CMta Rica, 

By. Santos beconin prcat, 

of Uruguay. 



ot A^cDtino Republic 



in Bulsaiia folli 

Dec. 3. Retiflnation at roiioiationof Alt 

Preyt:inet mi liitrv- Sept. 4. He abdit:ai 

Dec. 10. Formation of a regency is eslahl 

oewministry underGob- Nov. 10. Prince W 

let. of Denmarlc 

offer of Bulgariai 



.._ Sept. 23. Pnnch Idll 600 

xander. ! Toliouin. 
eiiand» Dec. 31. Pour hundred 
iihed. I persons crushed to doth 
alilemarj at a fait at Madras, 



etmlo. 



^eb. 23. Earthquakes in Jan. 2S. Iu!ian* defeated 
Southern .Europe; 1000. by Abyuioiau near 
livci kM. Uasaowah. 



TABULAR VIEWS 



Sir S. Northcat 
(Earl of iddn 
leigh). Mn. Henr 
Wood, Be«he: 
Ftva], Eadi, San 
J.T.RBymond.e) 
ViM-Prn. Whm 
er. Mark Hopliin 






N.Y. I 
Henry Ceotga. 



. and fined *5000 



I8S7 A.D.- 



ay 14. Opening 
o( the Peopie'i 
Palace in Loo- 



Juh-, 8. Pasiiae ol 



.. Hanging of four o( theAoar 
I mnvictea of the Chicago riolJ 



outed to life impriBon- 



"a 



fafsor Sq 



Mu. 2a. Meeting of Jan. 12. Blizzard in Northwest: 235 

Jon. IB. KaLiGoCion of eitrad 
irealy with the Netherlands. 

Mar. 12. Bliuard in Easleni State 
V. city blockaded with .nowdrU 
levenJ dayi: a number of livea 

June 6-7. Uemocralic parly nom 

Graver Cleveland andAllcn G. Thur- 
man lor presidency and v.-presid 

Tune 2S. Republican party nom 
Benjamin Harrison and Lev 

n Sept. 13. Chinese Exclusion Act P« 
e Oct. 20. Adjournment of Congnae 



Louisa A IrotC, 
petor Williai 
Chief-Jus. .__ 
Waile, Matthew 
Arnold, Emperoi 
Frederick Ilf. E 
P. Roe, Gen 



™unt of indiaereel letter 
ElectioD oC Hairiwa 



OF UNIVERSAL HISTORY. 




Dec. 3. ElKtion of Camol 
u pr«ident On naig- 
lulionof Grivy (Dec .2). 



taw o( en-Ptew. Gf*vy| 

licking in decontiorw, 

Sihe leatencfl qiuahed 
y Court o£ Appeals. 



Floquet 
Dec.— B«ol(nipt. 



iriT a),"" 



WoKLD, eliewbere. 



Apr. 23. Degtructicm of 40 
pewl -fishing veudi of[ 
AuitnliAQ coMt: ftfiO 
Uvee lost. 
ay 3. Earthqaake in 



July T. Election of Prince 
FenliuDd of Sa«-Co- 
buTg-Gotba M Bulgarian 



KuSPtrhampI in Get- 



Feb. 3. Official anaounce- 
nt cftraaCy of alliance 

.ween Germany ftnd 



.... 31. Adoption of trial 
by jury in Spain. 
June IS. Accession of WU- 



•t. of Veneiuela. 
Aug. 1. Opening of inte^ 

Mdbouma in celebra- 
tion of centennial of 
foundatkn of New South 
Wnles. 



356 



TABULAR VIEWS 



PlOaKBlBOFSoClBTV 

Jan. 1. TdUI Bdipu 

Jul. 1. Elertricity 
■utMtituud (or 

pciudty in li. Y. 
ICor crimn coai- 






Jui, 8. Cyclcme in P«nn«. 

tivo erf lifs mndpTDperty^ 

lb. 2. Fin in Buftalo de 

•3,000,000 woitn trf pi 

ob. II. CiTatkinof lh«U_^ 

Agricultura in ivtional BDVcmmL.. 
UAr.4. lTULU2iuatioD<^Preit. Hattuoi 
Apr. 22. OldKbOQW openod to whit 

- .. bnUon H N. Y. t. 

u of Wublnston'i Insusuim- 

Uay 31. Bnaliliiv of dun Id Cons 

Ruuih vajley dettioyi 2236 Uvta a 

Johratoi™. P«. 

::t. 2, Opening of tha Pui-Amerkkn 

amSamct at WMhinsMn. 

DV. 2. AdmiMlon u Sutca 

■nd Soath UnkoU; 7, of Uonuna; 

II, of Wuhln«tan. 
Nov. 13. OpeaineatWuhlnatoaof tl 

Roman Cithonc Univ. at Amnic 
Ballot nfonn laws adopted by 1 

SUte* during 188T-8S. 



dolph of Auitria. 
L«u» Bridgman. 
John BriHhl, 
Ellia Cook. John 
EricHon, S, C. 

Phill'ippa, ' 'Kh« 
Luii of Portunl. 
M. F. Tup^rTll- 



l:k' 



T^J^ 



TThitbd Statu. 



18SV 

July 1-29. Vuitof 

Shah of Pei^. 
July ZT. Ukmiun 

Louiae of Waica 



much luRerina 
in England! 

let, IS. The Brit- 
iib Soutb African 
Comnuiy char- 



1889 A.D, 



OF UNIVERSAL HISTORY. 



Unr.a.RepeBlafthsd 



VersaillM. 
!4ay fi. Opening of inter- 

t, Pau>«e of txtoy 



forbidding Candida 



mold. 



r. 13 



Apr. 2. Kinc Willi 

Holland 

mentallr unaDIe to 
^ vern. (He *ub«qu«nt- 

Apr. 2A. Prioca Frederick 
of HohenEollein jno- 
claimed heir to Kou' 

IS Apr, 29. Ueetins'aC Berlin 
of delegate! tsosn United 



lin.) 

leml electun 



;; '« 



1 in Geraiany. 
Kins Aleucdec ot 

Jury'27. bi«oveiY of plot 

™ "mui^tii'Tn 

A119, 17, DaatrucCivs hur- 

a. Explosion in car- 
Ige factory at Ant- 
rp:125peTK>n(kUlcd, 
) otbert wounded, 
Ifl. Acceuion of Car- 
f. to Portufluese 



Apr. 3. Jkina John of Abya- 

by tb= dervisha, 
Apr. 10. Dentb at Mololiai, 
K^ivcaij, of Father Dam- 
ien. the leper priest. 

Oct. 17, Geo. HyppoUto 



S(;'i. i. EayptiiM de- 
Nov, IS. Expnluom ol 



258 



TABULAR VIEWS 



1890 A.Dv- 



.... 


P.„„..o.S..,.„,„.. 


UH11.D Stathi. 


BalnlH Empibm. 


1S90 




1390 


IB80 




J.n.25.ANewYorlci«!wi 


Jan. 23. Organiiation of 






* journey ■round tbg 
world in 72 day*. 


the Woman'. Lhrist^n 


Feb. 3.TbeiuitotPamell 




Tempeisnce Union, at 


5?«^'«t"'^ bTlhS 




„ ClevfETd, 0. 






Peb.24. Chicago elected 


payment of ^.000 to 






by the Houit of Repre- 


plaintia. 






•entativea a> lite (or the 








World'. Columbian E>h 






U>r. 4. Railway bridge 


l(£?"ii''"Boom™ .inv«le 


Mar. 28. New education 




over tho Porch put iat<> 




code, abolishing pay- 






warned out by pnxident 


ment by inJit ^ 




Apr. 2U. Henry M. Stanley 


April 28. Supreme Court 


into eflect. 




arrive, in London on hi. 


dedde. that Uquoa in 








" orisinal package. " 








r/„Sin*?„T'si.^*° 












ointiiHot ^ .«« to 


May IB. Supreme Court de- 
clares eonfiBatron of 


May 4. Gre«t labor dcmon- 






stiation in Hyde Park 






Mormon property under 


in favor of tax eigbt^iour 






Edmunds Law coaitltu- 

June 2. The eleventh cen- 

July 2. Sherman Act for 
the protection of trade 












July 15. New Ctoton aque- 
duct in New Yorli put 


July ,1. Treaty of terri- 








Gr™t'"^ritain recSva 






unlawful reitrainu and 








E'S-SdS-'H'Sg: 






land to Germany. 






July 11. Wyoming be- 
















luly li. Shemuin Actfoi 








the monthly purchase pi 






Aug.e.ntBtexecution by 
electricity in the Slate of 
New Yo?lt. 








Ind the* 1115^™"^"! 


'^inS.ig^SjSS 




Aug. 26. .Equatorial rail- 








Momb^^'^^iBh East 


AuE 8. Act empowering 


.pir^": 




















declares against the 


0^. iT^The McKinley 






Deaths 'i^ ISwi: Amadeus 


Tariff Bai become, law. 






Oct.— Gbort dance eiaU- 






l.,*x-kinaofSpain;J.j. 
Astoi: G. H, Boker: A 


Indians. °* "* 






Chatrian; C W, Cop. 




Nov. 16. Beginning of the 




E. Dodge: I. Dollinger 




O'Shea divorce trial. 




D. B. l-ayerweather; J 




implicating Parnell. 




C. Prdmont: O, Feuillet 








J. Hergenrother; Cardi 


Dec. 15. Silting Bull 


Parliament split; Par- 




nal Newman; C. H, F 


chief of the Sioui 




Peiers: J. E. T. Rooeri 


killed. 








unde" /lutin ' Mrt;ait ™ 




lli..of theNetlierlands 




18S1 




1861 


IS91 




Jan.-DiKOvery in theBrit 


Jan. 14. Conference of 


Jan. 27. Hou» of Com- 




ish Museum of the MS 


Indian chiefs and U. b 


^n' '^rVr:"^2t 




o( Aristotle's Alktnian 


aulhoritical Pine Ridge 




CBtuUUUiOH. 


S. D.: end of Indian 


1880, pievenlJne Charie* 






outlireak. 


Biadlaugb from laLans 


t 






hi. Hst. 



OF UNIVERSAL HISTORY. 



tlj 


PkahCI AKD GlBMAXV. 


Edbopk, ciMwhen. 


Thb Would, elaewben. 


1S90 




isgo 


1890 




J«i. ,25, A new Anli- 


Jan. 12. Portugitl com 


Jan. 8. BrBiil. Proclama- 




by the German^A^h- 
■tas. 


pelled by Great Britain 


and ilale. 




safer""- 








Feb. —Outbreak of war be - 




Mar. 1*. Tiiard minutry 




tween the French and 




CMded by P^ycioet 


the kinB of Dahomey. 




Mu''"l6.'' Opting of the 
international labor con- 








frrsncB at Berlin, called 








under the auipices of the 




Apr. ai. Japan, New 




















miccHrfed by von Ca 








privi (20). 


May.— Labor diiturbancee 






opened by emperor, who 








«Uy in ,B^'"om"°"" 
l^tiUa. ^emin. 


DruMS in Syria. 






July 17. Outbreak of war 
between Guatemala aad 














' Bdictaawunitthejew.. 










eluded "Aug, 27. 








July 28. SanguiDkry in- 






reatrictins tbeir educa- 


lurrectionTin Duenoa 






tjocal opportimitiea. 


C^^ftaliaJ^A^* 






Sept. 11. L.^e™l upririag 








m the Swim Canton 
Ticino fwo. the re- 

the etelotftl law* n- 
viied. 








Oct. 28. Uininry trf 


Oct. S. Dabomey conduds 
peace with Prance. 




Ami -Socialist law in 






Gennany celebrated by a 


■igni and i> succeeded 


Oct. 17. SulUn of Zanil- 




great SocialiU onsiw 




bar Burrtnden iumt- 








kinty to cnulland of 






Nov. 23. WLli«n III. of 


Nov. 2», Firwt Japanaa. 






the Netherlanda diee. 
























un der the legency of her 








mother. 




ini 




ISBl 


1801 




Jan. 22, Supnmt CouDcU 


Jui-ai. Uilitarr revolt at 








Oporto in Portugal. 


clam Prerident "Ul- 




PlBDCe. 




macwla depoeed^ 8. th« 
fleet (upporU the Con- 



TABULAR VIEWS 



. Pnooiau or Socistt, etc. 



Fab. 22. Flnt^aM«tiiis of 



Anill. 

Xooooo 



uid Pari! 



May 23. Interutional Poa- 



ady Ifook^. J. 

AuB. — Artificial t»ill pi 

Texas. 



TJiinaD Statu. 



iS^'ii 



*t New Orieani; comnli. 
catkiu with lUlr lol- 
lowi 31, Itellftn minlita 
imlled. 

pr. I*. Preheat Hani- 
trip thnniah the South 
and the Wot. 
Apr. 28, China nfugea to 
ept H.. W. Blair aa 

Uey 19. People'i 



Party 
maU, 



Welah Church def< 



sa 



-^%'- 












he Uherok'cB Manipur. 



inunn; J. E. John«on; 
A. W. Kinulake; J. R. 
' — "" Lmd Lytton; 



U. D. Porter, 



. la. SaUan from 

f Vatpaiaito anil i 
ilJcd. 

r. 29. The Cberoliee 



throufih the Dardi 



f„,C 



OF UNIVERSAL HISTORY. 



Mav 1. ] 



Jaljr-Aua.— 



lUilt and the 



ui^a Uludi. 



Lpt. 23. Runik: 
peria] ukaae orden 
puUioii of Jew* Innn 



railway begini. 
une 23. Renewal of t 
Trip] D Alliance betwe 
Gemuny, Aiutiia, ai 
Italy. 



ot the foundatian of t 
Swiu Conledency. 



Sept. 30. Gen. Boulanfni 



'eb. IS. Egypt: Derviihei 
under Oaman Di^na de- 
feated by Egyptian 
Iroopi at Tohar. 

'eb. ii. Bratih Uanbal 



Sj^'u 



Uay-Oct.— Anti -Chriitain 



n 2. ChilB ; The Con- 



Placiils: Consmiion- 

31, Saotian taken, 
S»l. 19. Cliiie: President 



succeeded by P]ori 



P*b. as. TrMty betmni 
U.S.udUmt Bril-'-' 
[or the adjuitneot 
Berins Scft disputtt 

Feb. — DitcnvKTV nf ■ I 



TABULAR VIEWS 



|J>n. Z3.'n»Uni[ed8l 

' prctentt to ultimi 

toCbilsia thsmaW 

tba BalUmon; iu tl 

u< Kccepud. 



1893 A.D. 



ffir"LS 



Mar. 20. CelebntioD 
banyof the 1*0 hu 



coraer-none M Grant' 



ty at WaifaingtOD. 



Apr. M. Tb* U. 8. _____ 
to pay an indannlty of 
m^OOO [or tb* lyncliinc 

of Cha 11 Italian! at N» 
Orlcaoi. Ihplomalii 
nlattom mtond. 
Uar 6. The Geary Chini 

Ejidur — "'" ' 

niaw. 



Aug. 4. Opening of t 



1 Bill become 






Jiif?"^' 



Aug. 14. OuLbreak 



BUTIIH Bhfikb. 



'eb. 8. Joimh 
lainelictetfle 

Libanl-Un' 



lu. 13. Great ttrika of 
coal mioen in Northern 
EagUad. about SOO.OOO 



e 17. ImmeDae gather- 
ig at Belfait to jpnitstt 
lainit Home Rnle. 



OF UNIVERSAL HISTORY. 



263 



FhAIIO and GlRMAMT. 



detcalcd anc 

- mi by 1 



Conflict 



TBI World, dsawben. 



.'■^l 



'eb^^pr. AnATchist di 
tuTbances *t Bftirrloi] 
Cadii. uid Uadrid. 



neighborhood ofTftnsier, 
the Pnnch nad ths kinB 



'. Ifeetina between 



for dynamite 



Auk. 17. CfaoleiB Appeafs 



luccndcd by 1 

Reciprocity be 

Aiiitrin-HungKi 

United Ststo 

__d. 

N of more ttuui 300 



July IS.TlMpopeiM 



n July II. P* 






■The Preucli take th 



AuE. 3. . Cell 



king of Dahomey and 00 
Che Sfith they taka 
TakuloDacame. 



TABULAR VIEWS 



1892 A.D.- 



*,D. 




Umtan StATc*. 


BuTUB Ewnu. 


1892 




1803 


issa 




Sept. 18. Rallmy from 
JaS> to JenuRlcm com- 


^Sii'Jg'SiW. 


Sept. 14. Ireland: Total re- 




hi^'^J:;SS. 




pleted. 


bom the Donh after 








dsnlfyina end of atnia- 






fact that Gieenland ii an 


g^asunat the Natlnal 


















Oct.^^<^ Cdumbian 


covery of America cele 








bratcdatNewYoTkand 






DMthi in 18S2) J. C. 


Nov. 8. Gromr Clev«Jaiid 






Adoinii G. B. Airy; E. 


elected pntident. 






&?¥^^-^:'ir?i.S: 


Nov. SO. The atrike at 












num. C.A.Pylle. J A. 








diBBl banning; Ricbard 














^n'-i^A^^. 




Dec. 23. Michael Davltfa 










ffaTTliitnJnrrS: 




from North Ueatb de- 




Whitlier. 




cleisy. 


f803 




1803 


18B3 




Jan. 6. Coinpletkra of the 


Jan. 4. General amnetty 


Jan. 17. Strained relation. 




Pacific Mteniion o[ t:ie 


for all polygamisu who 






Onat Nottheni Railroad. 


ticoilterNov. 1?1^90° 


KTtion of English" 






aulhonty in the matter 








of ministerial appoint- 








ments in Egypt. 














in Haoau proclaims an 


it«luc«i Irish Home 






American pntieclorate 


Rule Bill In Houie of 








Commont 






Pteident ai^n eub 








miti a treaty of ann-^» 








ation to the Senate. 








Mar. 9. Pnaident Lleve. 


Mar. 21. Extradition 






land recall, the iiawaiiM 








annexation treaty from 
the Senate. 
Apr. I. The American pro- 
tectorate over the liaH-ai- 






April 11. OpeolQS of tbe 
lint lailwaymSiam. 


Apr. 4. Beainning of 






ian Iriandi teroiinated 










followed by crisii. 




May I. The World'i Columbian Exnnition at 
Unieagofonnally opened by Preadent tieveland. 


Uay le. Hull dock itrike 




end*. 




C. A. liria^ convicted ofl 








hereiy by the Preiby- 
terian Gcneml Aiumbfy 








and MujpendKi from the 








mioUuy. 







1 893 A.D. 



OF UNIVERSAL HISTORY. 



26$ 



Pbancb and GiKUjIMT. 



ept. 22. 



itb the PuDiuM Cui&l 

en ottiie ChAmben. 
.-.6. (Jaw mi" ■ 
Fnnce headed 1 



caUiw the colpabilLt 
nta aieh in politici, 

Feb. B. Conviction of hi 

□ng them Ferdirutn 
Leoepe and EiSel. 

Mar. 30. Fall of the Ribot 

miniitry in France. 

April*. Ptmnce: C. Dupuy 



HavT.Gennanv: Thofail- 

anny biUi ii followed by 
dinolutioa of tba 



Oct. B. Outbreak of dii- 
order ia Crete. Conflicts 
bctpreen the inhabitant! 
and the Turkdih loldien. 



□V. B. Hunurian i 
try under Saaparj 
ceeded by a c< 
under Welceile. 



>c<. 7. &iatn: The Canova 
del Caatillo minUtr 
fioe* out of office and : 
succeeded by B Satul 



HD. — Italy: Scandals in 



Sept. IS. French defea 
the Dahomey [orcee ■ 
Doeba. 



Oct. a. French g, 



The forcca under Cmpo 

l^ueeand enterCancas 
(Blh). Crespo, is pro- 
claimed provisional pn- 



Dec. — Revolutionary out- 
break in the provioce of 
Coirientei, Aiventina. 



kaUni dethroned, 
o^fniied by Am 
'eb. 6. Ari^tina: i 



left baak ol the 



TABULAR VIEWS 



1893 A.D.- 





Britisb Eupiax. 


1803 


1803 


1803 




June 24. N*Ti>eu««>out 


June 30.— Piimneial crisis 


June 23. The nuLTi-at-nr 




oa hii Arctic expeditlDn 


nachea iti cliioai and 


Vielona come* in col- 




from ChmtiuUi 




llaoa with the Compw- 






sues ■ call tor an extra 


dsmt and ^nla; 330 








men loet. 






™aSb. ^ c°°«™»' 


the free coinag* of 




July.— Ueut. PeuyteUout 




Jul'y"^: Genera] MlilM et 




for the Antic reoioni 


and businesi house* co:i- 






from New York. 










"!(;b,S..J^..'?SS 


Aug. IB. Commercial 






tnaty with Servia rati- 






the Bering Sea contro- 


fied. — Strike violenn 






•nnr with Gmt Britain 


among coat miners in 








WalcL 






ed States. 








Sept.. 16. The Che<r>l« 


nii. US-Zulu's 










Btanc 


SttSet^SST" ''**° ^ 






Oct. 30. aosina of t^e 


Oct. 8O.-N0V. 1. Sherman 


Oct. 11. Lord ElBin ap- 




World's ColumbiMi Ex- 


Silver Purchase Bill re- 


pointed viceroy of India. 






pealed. 






Nov." ' Colorado sranli 








complete luffroae to 








No*" airMemorial window 


\ov. 20. Suprsne Court 






to James Rusjell Lowell 


decide! that the term 


fested and Buluwayo 




unvcUcd at Chapter 


"hiRh asa" afiplies to 






House, Wescminister. 


the Great Laka. 


\av.T:i. End oC coal itrika 




Deaths in 1803: P. G. T. 




begun in July. 




Ueauregard- Edwin 








nooth; B. P. Butler; I. 
Fefry:C. F. Gounod; ft. 
B^aycs; C. J. Hc^el.; 














B. JoWLlt; Fannv^Kem- 














C. M erf^le"; F. Partanan ; 








J. Rac: P. SchafF: J. A. 
Symondu; H. A. Taine; 








P. 1. Tschaikou-skv; J. 














1894 




ISM 


Jan. 1. Oneninjt of the 


Jan 17. Issue of a $50,- 


Jan. 13. A British [on:e un. 




Manchester SSip Canal. 


000.000 loan by popular 


dcr Ca„l. Wilson cut to 






, sulHcription. 


pieces in MaUbeleland. 






Jan. 30. Insursent war- 








ships at Rio Janeiro fire 








on an American vessel- 






















Feb. 19. Purity in election! 


Feb. 8. Laws for the fed- 


Feb.20.Thelibera!BOver,i. 






eral control of fodcml 


inent. forcseeinx deficit. 








ahanrtons the Em- 




bo«. John Y. McKane. 


" Force Bills") repealed. 


ployers' Liability Act. 


/ 


of Gravcsend, Brooklyn. 







1894 A-C- 



OF UNIVERSAL HISTORY. 



267 



E World, etanrban. 



juna 20. Runia: Stampede 
in A cbuirh st janKlolI 
renilU In ZOO deathr 



rmv bill 
ID Reich' 



'"U.: 



1 Ji^vSO. Siunvieldit 

- Pnncb ultimatum 

abtindoni claima u 



\uli. IS. Italian laboren 



Au«. 2. Aiaentina: In- 



Sept. 2. Btl^lum : 
tablished. 



il Sept. 7. BnuU:, The 1 



Oct. 3. Pnnce: Treaty ii 
tlement of diiputr 
h Siam; 13, visit o 
uian flHt at Touloi 
idst gnat cnthui 

2fl, France; Pall o 
I Dupuy miniatry. 



Oct.-Nov.— Seven fiahting 
■ ween Spaniihlorces 
I Mooiiih eribesnen 
Ihe Ri.l. 

Nov. 3. Eiploiion of 



iitry ; 10. bomb exploded 
in the Chamber oIDepu- 
tieg b)F an anar-"--- 



ov.-Dec. Hawaui—P^ii- 
dent Cleveland ■> at- 

moiLthy ™li"befm 

attitude of the depi»3 

Rebellion* 
. in Kveia] 
1 Gama luc- 



bieak ' 



mds Mello ai 1 
maader of ' 



Jan.26.Genn«iy: Prince jj 



. Italy: Riotini 
icity in oppoticic 



. 10. The Pi«iich oe> 
upy Timbuctoo in the 
ITeitetn Sudan. 



between Germany ai 



TABULAR VIEWS 



1894 A.D. 



AJ>. 


Pkwum or SocinT. Me. 


Uhitid Stitbb. 


BumB Bmmu. 


UM 




ISM 


ISM 






"^iar'aS" ■■'=™™- 










nma office and i* suc- 
ceeded (3d) by Lord 










SC! 0!^' wihi^: 


Rosebery. 






MS°29.^P™dent vetoei 
















Apr. 19. The Supmne 


Apt. 16. ThoCbanceUorof 






Coiirt of South Carolina 


the Eich^uer iotiO; 






decUns the Sute liquor 






SffS. "- "■ 


budget 'the chi^°[utiire 

succession and income 
UX. 




Ifay 6. Opening <rf the Ant- 


Hay 1. Co»v-e aimy at 

*.»hinfiton duipened 


May ZS. British fonw de- 




feats slave traden on 




POBtiOD. 


whilo attemptinB a 


Lake Nyoss*. 




May U. Meeting of the 
rnterutioiuJ^ Miner'a 


demonitration on the 






Capitol itcps. 






Congi™ M Berlin, tep- 


May 11. BegEning of the 






tesenting ™1)' the 


^&|fT5,jj;^^ 










Juno IB. British protecto- 






develops into a general 


rate onablished over 








Uganda in East Africa. 






nearly all important 








roads west of the Mia- 








sinippi: disorden at 








Hammond, Ind.. and 














July. Aretic upedition 


July 1. The federal govern- 


JulyZS. The Chinew. trans. 




underF G. Jacksonuils 


ment intervenes in the 


port Koashint sunk by 
Ihe Japanese thougb 




from London for Frens 


railway .trike on the 




Jo«f L«nd. 


flying the British flag. 






wittfthe maUi bVihe 








strikers- federal iroopa 








called out in Colorado. 








Illinois, and Uuh; S. 
























Ind.; 10, othcers of 








the American KaiJway 








union indicted and 17 








sent to jail; the strike 
AuS; ^7. Wilson ^ Tariff 






Aug. 2. Succeisful trial oi 
ia..™-s Hyins machine 
at Bexley. Eng.; 13, 


Aug. 3S. Commercial tIM- 






tywiih Japan ratified by 




Senate 'becomeT Uw 


mat power. 




Lorf Kayleiah announ- 


without signature o£ 






cea the discovery of the 


preudent. 














Sept. 30. Opening of the 


Sept, 27. Pnxlamalion by 


Sept. 13. India, riots be- 






president pardnning 
polvHamists convicted 






Ihe Baltic with the 






North Sea. 


Ution at Bombay and 






Oct. Proceeding against 


Poono. 












Washington and* the 








SUndard on Company 













1 894 A.D. 



OF UNIVERSAL HISTORY. 



269 









Uay 23. Fnncc: P«ll of 
(^simir-P^her mimstry: 
ceeded (2S) by » Du- 



JuneM.Ptance: F 



Sept. 7. EmiMror Will Lam 
~t K£^Qi4ji&crg nprovcs 

.. 26, Gemumy; Ch»ii- 
ellor von Caprivi n- 

,30thl by Prince Hobeo. 
loue- SctalUincif uiu. 



'. Dennurk: Fall of 



Thb Woku) eliewhae. 



894 


IBM 




Mar. 1. Bnii]: Pnidenta 




de Moiaes elected presi- 


the English on the 


dent: 1*. the oHiceiB ot 


Z*mb«i River. 




An. 17. Belgium: Hinis- 


ing to obtain favorable 


teiial crisis, the govirn- 




menl being defeated in 


S^" ™'"h^'"a 




tore«n vessel. 


^pr. 29. TJeCherlands: 


Apr. 13. Brazil: Adminl 


Miiuit«ial crisis. KDvem- 






Giande, andinsunectiDB 


ure (or extending the 


virtually comes to an 


franc hiH. DisastiDui 


end with bis Sight. 






gSkI" 




a^fM. Alciander I., of 


Uay 2. Hawaii: Coiutitu> 


ititution and n-estab- 


edloft»me™ie[iblSi 


lishciLhalof IS6e»ittaa 


form of sovsRiment. 


mote leitiicted suffrage. 




«ay 29. Bulgaria. Prime 




mioister SumbuliS re- 




dcctoial bfll passed car- 


June a. Kona; The King 


applies to China fc? 




protection : Japaneas 




tn»pE occupy Seoul : 
cri«s with China pni- 






dpitated. 




June 7. Death of Muley 




Haaian sulun of 




July t. President of the 
Hawaiian republic 


uly IB. The ItaUan troops 


defeat the Dervithea 


and take Kasssla 




(Abysalnia) by ilonn. 


July as. The CUdcm tranr 




port Ktvihint sunk by a 



Oct. 22. Italy: Theg 



Aug. 4- Peru: Gen, Cacerea 



Sept. 16. Japaneae drive 



tions in synipa-j Port A 



TABULAR VIEWS 



1894 A. D.- 



A D. PBOOBm OF SOCIITT, BtC. 


UxtTiD SraTBi. 


BuniH BHriBB. 


ISM 


ISM 


ISM 




Deaths in IBM: J. D 




Nov. 13-14. Dotructive 




Adam., Sir Samuel it 


election* show a largs 


fc-sli-'-'""- 






inciwe of Kepublimn 




8'Si,"S«5f;?i,.T 


.tnnsth. 












U o'SS-wS; 


Dec, SI. Th. Lemw Com 












Holinei,K:o~iuth,A.La- 








]rard,W.Moon.H.bor)ev 


ul corruption in N«r 






foSiSl«' Anton 'Rubin. 
















S"r*h,,iw.™" 






ISB5 




isee, 


ISBS, 




Jan. 19. The ruler of Siam 


Jan. Strike of stiwt 






ntabliihea a leginlative 


Brooklyn marked by 






couoca by decree. 


<^ie^ Leone .isnod in 






violence and the callins 


Paiia. 






out of the state miUtia. 
















randeis decision In 








favor of Brazil in its 








boundary dispute with 














Mm-. 24. The Hunearian 


Mar. 16. U. a. sovemment 


Mar, 16. A gfeal lockout of 




Chamber of MaRnatn 


bcgini suit aEainil es- 


boot and shoe makers in 




passes > Freedom of 
WoTship Bill. 


tate of Senalor Stanford 


Leicester and North- 






ampton^ 200,000 men 






funds 'danced "^"afd 








of the construction of 








the Central Pacific. 






Apr. 7. Fri<iljof Nansen. 


Apr. 8. IT. S, Supreme 


Apr. British eipedilion 
against Lmra Khan who 










^WB., rja<:hes W U' 


come tax law of ISM 


had usurped power in 




North, a-0 mile, (torn 


unconstitutional in part. 


Chilral.— A British fleet 




t«pole. 




enforces the paymenl of 
indemnity by NicaiBRua 
in the Mosquito Coast 














dispute. 






May. 20. U, S. Supreme 


Hay E. Settlement of tbe 








^i'tSral^'X^riSg 




olKcrvatory of the Uni- 
versity 01 Chkaao. Lake 








squadron. 




Gene™, vVis. 







OF UNIVERSAL HISTORY. 



10, Rupture □: 



Bimnri elinrhen. 



r. 1, RuHic; Death i 
ur Alsuader III.; 1 
■uceoded by Nichi 



Dec. France: Capt.' Alfred Dec. Rai^nation i 
Dieyfua found guilty of Hangaruui p r^- 
■elJinff military |-~"- iir^i._j^ 






fS^".!? 



. C«iman)r: A(iaiian 



Mai. 24. Popular Indisna' 
tioD arouMd la GcrmaTiy 
by refuHl of Rekhitac 
._ . eoa^tul»- 



idGennany 
compelling Japai " 



Ja^28. The M 



'eb. Spain: Pall of the 
Sagaita miniitry ; Cano- 
vai del CaitLllo. pre mier . 

'eb. 38. Ruaia: iSabanoS 
■ucceede Gien M mioii- 
tef of foreign afiait^ 



Apr. 30. Atutiia-Hunguy 
ity with Bulgaiia. 



M«y 11. Turttey: British,! 



by Japanae at Pena- 
hwans-cbenc and. 10, 
at Hai-cheng. 



a. SO-Peb. 18. Japu: 
Japaneee i«ka Wei-hai- 
Hei and dcatioy Chlncae 

Seet. 

Jan. Aimeaia: Con- 
liimatlon of Turkiih 



Britiih Guiaoa border 



Niuchwang; 16, LI 
Hung Chug. Chineae 
peace mvoy leavei for 

Japan: £fi, He ■ aa- 



Apt, 17, f«tyofSI; 



l«y 11, 

Pieac] 



Si,'" 



japan farced by 






90( Puerto 
I led by GeoenJ 



TABULAR VIEWS 



I. PHoamra Or Sociirr, etc. tjMiTin Statbi. 



1895 A.D.- 



I. The KaiHT W 
Bailie and Nor 



Sept. IS. Iniiiiwinl 



Nov. W. H, Roentgen ai 



if AuC- 6. Sue I 



favor of the 
miTit io the 1 
Plats caie. 



Uauglau, A. Duni 
OHj), F. EngeK _, 
Prems- HuKley, Pas- 
teur, H. C, RawlinsDn, 
ChristLia Rossetti. 
Barthclemv Saint-Hi- 
laire.J,R.Seeley,W.W. 
Story, W. VOD SybiJ. 



Vcneiueli 
Britain: 
bruigl ab 



Jan, 2. President Clew 

boundary of Venei 
Jan. 4 Utah btcon 



b^l^^c'y™ 



BKiTua SuroM. 



uc cecded b y a SaUsbury 



tsctontte. Diipu 



rijecli the ulti 



Feb. 18. Joh 

l«dei of t 



ritish e.peditmn 
il for Aihanti. 

Great Britain 






tSg6 A.D. 



OF UNIVERSAL HISTORY. 



une IS. The Sp*ni^ _ . 

to voua dao.uuo.ooo 

HHtu and 40.000 men 
for ttie ■uppreujon of 
the Cuh<u) uuunection. 



July a. Fmnce; 
t L^n of*^ 



i.*^S 



of tha June»i 



Feb. 2g. 

Biblican 



did four dayi lalsr. 



Aug. ai. The power* r 



). Italy: T' 
DVdiing of 



On. Turkey: Muucie of 



Dec. 8. Italr: The tullan 
amy in Abyuini* de- 
feated by Kin« Uenelek 



an. 19. Spain: Gen. We] 
Icr named to supened 
Gen. Martina. —Can; 

fmcea in Cuba. 



'% 



30. The Veneraela- 
ttiih Guiana boundary 

jnfl letter addrened 



Scain; IIHSO. Gen- 
,_-J Uomaa defcaCa the 
Spanianto at Tasuaico. 
>ec. 29. A laiding force 
under Dr. lameaon in- 



neabura; they are de- 
feated and captured 
u>n. 2, isee). 



itam and France tiie 
ikooa becomea tbe 
imdary Ijetween their 



Feb. 10. Gen. Weylcr ai 
rivei In Cuba and entB 
upon a policy of teva 



TABULAR VIEWS 



1896 A.D, 



I.I Proorrm or SociiTT, etc. 



Apr. 6. BegiBoins at Ath- 
-1 of the telebralion 
the nvivcd Olympic 



lSty2. BipotitiOBatBiuU- 
Hit in celetumtlanof tbe 
lOOOth annlvenuy of 
the birth of the Buo- 



Aiw. 13. Return to Vardo, 
Norway, of Fridtjo/ 
Nansen from hit arf" 



KJondike rtgion, AJiuim 
Sept. 27. Insugurntion o 



Gould, W. d. Grove, 
Baron UirKh, A, Houi- 
save, Thomas Hush™. F. 
Leighton. j. E. Millais, 
WiJliam Morris, H. A, 
Newton^A. Nobel, Cov 
entry Patmore. J, B, 
L. Say, r. P. Simon, C. 
Tnkoupis, H, von Treit- 



Uhitbd Statsb. 



Stanford eitate sued by 
the U. S. for tha lum of 
«1£ ,000,000. 



1 Uc- 



June 18. Willi 



presicfent by the Reoub 



i Hune Chann 
New York ana 



kming d 



nominated for t 



y Sebastian Mar 



Britub EupnB, 



Apr. 30, The Transvaal 
government publlahu 
telegram* implicating 
DriOsli South African 

the South .Urican Re- 

Uay 9, Uatabcka defeated 
by British fom at 

June 7. The British Egyp- 
tian forces defeat tha 



paKaed by the Lords; £3, 
Cecil Bhoda receives 



Sept, 23. British expedi- 

Srdar H. h' Kitchener 
enters Dongola, I he 



jp of Lond 
i^W^^Benso 



rd Salisbury 



1896 A.D. 



OF UNIVERSAL HISTORY. 



July 1. Gemuray: Beichs- 

rovidinA for compul- 
;>rv civiF marno^ UJ fto 
ito eHect in 19U0. 



0. Tmty twtwcen 



BuROPB, clHwhen. 



May 26. Ruate; Nicholu 
n. crowned at Hokow. 
dorins fstlvities ' 



June— Crete: EnjmjemenU 



Oct. 28, Treaty of , 



Trs World, diewhere. 



r. 27. Thin* cstabliihe* 



Apr. 36, Tnnivaal: Lcad- 



■ubeequently pordonc* 



June 15. An 
in Jepui d 

10.000 to a 



Aiit. 27. Bntith fleet bom- 
bardiZaDiibaiandcdni- 
pelt Bight of uaurpina 
Sultan. Outbrak d 
formidable hwurrer- 
tioni in tbe Philippine). 



Sept. Resumption at 



Oct. China: UHi 



:. Death in battle at 
kntonio Hacco, nuwt 
uccewifut of Cuban in- 



276 



TABULAR VIEWS 



. PRoaREia or SociBTT.ctc. 



I. The Geraun em- 



Mbv I, Optning of thi 
Ten new* Ceatcnnial n 
positinn a I NsshvilK 

Mb^ S. The gnatcr Ne» 



July U.S. A. AndrfcB. 



Uhttbd Statbs. 



Aliuka Iwundary. 

[mnh. End ot the gnat 
■trike M LeadviUe, Co], 



Apr.ZT. Dedication c 
GtHiit Monumenl ._ 
Rivenid* Fuk, N«it 
York. 



May 5. The Senate njects 



July. The arrival at Fori 

To»n»nd, Wash., of s 

beiEsn, on a Hwht, ship from the Kiondik. 

e North Pole m a' gives rise to a gold cnii 

n. ' a la 

Ju]y jj.~Thi Dingley Tai 
m Bill becomes Uw. 
Aug. 29, A Jewish congresB 



Sept,3. Return of the Jack- 



Sept. 20. Ten 
the coal atrik 
Penn.yl v 



« Nov. 6, Sealing tieaty 



J, S. BourbsH. J. Brahmi, C. A. Dana. J 

!t; Neal Dow. Henry Drisler, Henry George. 

Gilbert. Jean Ingelow, H, Meilhac. Margaret Oliphan 



BunaB BiinsB. 



Jan. 26. VlcEoTrof Brit 



SS 



Mar. Mr. Gladstooa cri 
EuropcaD powerm 



Umj 28. A. Beit, 



July 30. Ai 
pain on 



nign in English 



Dt. 14. The Afridia 
iiaughter. at Sarajan 



1897 A.D. 



■ UNIVERSAL HISTORY. 



Pbahcb ufD Gib 



Feb. 3. Ths Spuish cabl- 



Apr. 8. The SuB«i BouoUea 



Hay 4. In the buniing of 
the Charity BBar in 



Julr 20. The Pniuiai 



[■inet Greece, to: 



Mucelon.. .. .._ .. 

Greek buidi; IS, Greek' 
dEfeated ftt Mil una 
Pui; 23. fputed U 

Uhv. S GnckB defeated at 
PbarttliM Bud Vdestino; 



e 3. The ambuudDr 

egotiationa with Tur 
ey in behalf of Greece 

July. The Turkish Bovem 



IS. Tba CttiMl 



*'ftS 



.23-26. Preiid' 



Sept. 18. Great Britain 
recosnixea Prmch r-*--— 

coTmnercial 



Nov. Riie of the Dnyfui 

Dec. The French Chambei 
•gaintt Captain Drayfui.' 



Aua. 8. Spain: The premlei 
CanovM del CamiilJi: 

liiBt; Gen. Aicarra^ 



Sept. 18. Pretirnlnuy 



Kov. 28. Amtna: Min 



la, 26, Prttident Borda 



«ded by°i 

; parliamentary 

ent paralyxed. 




3;8 



TABULAR VIEWS 



1898 A.D.- 



\ centoa stw Nnr 
'k city % populatior 
l,«38.BM, nuldns i 
•acoud dty in tb 



lou' Sepuiiti 



Feb. IS. The Uoiut is ds- 
•ttoyed by ftn exploalon 
Id Havaiu turbor with 
the Ion of SOB Uvn; 
intcnu fedioB aguiut 

Uu. Coiunca ■ppra- 
priata SW.000.OCIU for 
utional defence: 25. 



u. 2S. Bud of the gnat 
engineering Rrike Id 
Englandiadefeat forth* 



Imi. 17. Auitimlla: Th« 
fedenl convention mt 
Melbourne conclude! iti 



Ukjr 26. The twttlethii 
St after a record trip 



Siui Fraodtco. 



Apr. 16. Congreflft paasen 

t denmailina e vacua- 
1 of island by Spain ; 

It calls for 12S,000 
lans war; 27, iJTs 



iv2e. Spanish ilcct I 
Lctveni discovcrci 
Santiago harbor 



Apr. 8. The Ai 
ifKiwhtc 



3;-^: 



June 1. Opening of t 
Trans-Uisaissippi E.- 
position At Omaha. Neb. 



■t El 



uiy 1. Engagemi 

(.«ney; 3. ilie Sponi. 

stroyefby^he biockad 

ti^C: 17, 'santUgo ca 
pitulatcs: 27, Gen Mil^ 



Uaj IB. Death of W, E. 



July,Scandalin< 
.n» of. 'tit" 



I8g8 A.D. OF UNIVERSAL HISTORY. 



A.O. 1 PllABCH *HD GSKlfAKV. 


EOHOU, elKwhere. Thh Wdbld. dtewheit. 


1898 


1S9B ' 1898 




Jul. SmUe Zola kccuw 


Jan. Italy: Bread liott 


Jan. 12. Japan; Matqui* 




(be P»nch «i>r ollice of 


bmkoutlnAncouand 


ItofornuaaewDuniitiy. 




S-jving ensaaed in aeon- 


other towni of the 






Dreyfus; M. thesocialiiU 


Uarchea. 






- in the Chamber U Leu p 








the cBuse ot Dreyfus. 








Feb. 7 Trial of fimile ZoU 




dent Boirtoa aiiauin- 




Builty and condemned to 




•■iSi.™u,P..,K«„ 








re-elected preiident. 






Mar. 6. Auitria: Premiei 


Har. 2. Braiil: Cunpoa 






lureeeded ^by Count 


Sallei elected pmidenl. 
Mar. S. China. Kiau-Chau 














Wry obMiuctioii con. 


leased to Gennany for 






tLouea. 


M." 2r"chin.: Port Ar- 
le^" Ruii»"To7S 




Apr. 3. Fnnce; The Court 


Apr. 27, Italy: Serious 
bread rioti in the louth 
and in Lombard y. 


Ap't""'. China Kwana- 
^ed to'PnuiCT.'™ ' 




■entence of fimile Zola. 










"H„iWiJ;.-:^- 


May. China: Wej-hal-wel 
occupied by tbe British. 






d«* not aUevinte public 
























citiiena and the police in 
UlUn. 








'TjySfi.^f« 


June 28. Japu: Okuma 




June IS. Prance: Reiigna. 


succeeds llo as premier 
on the basis of piuty 




tion of the U&i-t »bi- 








Gmeiml"p^lo7x. ""'^" 


control. 




ft'iidicil m."S^. °™' 








July 13. gmile Zola tried ■ 




July Philippine Idands: 
The native insurgenU 
















[he province of Cavite 












capes to Ensiand. 




Cbtoa to^GreararitaiZ 



TABULAR VIEWS 



*.D. 


PHOOBMS OF SoCUTT.Btc. UnITBD STAIBS. 


BainsH Eunu. 


1808 


Aug. 2S. Tbeciaraddrcn- 


tSQS 

Aug, 12. Peace protocol 

^^ into "efteet,"™" 


'"" 










Sept. Remaini of Colum- 
bus at Havana exhumed 
[or removal to Spain. 


Sept 0. Appiriotment of 

gats conduct of war de- 
partment during the 


ener utterly crush the 

the enemy, and occupy 
Khartoum, 




Diuina isgs M. ud Mme. 
Cune, French chemist ■ 

two r«dio-aclive sub- 
sUncej in pitchblende, 
which Ihey name po- 
lonium mod iBdium. 


Leach Lake Ruervation 
Hi>me»M. 


ontheFashodaafiair. 




Lathrop, H. G. Liddell. 
W. Pepper, P. Puvis de 
Chavannea, W. S. Rose- 

MX'""™"' "■ 


Nov. 21. Sen. Quay of 
Pennsylvania indicted 

of peace »i[h Spain 
signed : Cuban indepen- 
dence acknowtcdeed; 
Porlo Rico, the Philip- 




1899 


Jan, 0. The comet-stone of 
Che Gordon memorial 
college at Khartum laid 
by Cord Cromer. 


Jan. 17, The president ap 
to study conditions 


jfn^lB. Great Britain en. 




Feb. 12. Corner-stono laid 
for a great dam at 

inn the irrigation of 'the 
NUe valley. 

by the Marconi jysiem 
of wireless telegraphy 

E^li^ andVrin"" 


Feb 4.' Outbreak of hot- 
Manila attacked by the 

«Ki^'b/The Sen«'e" 

Aeuinafdo; the insur- 
rection is in full swing. 


Peb.fl.*SirHes[y Campbell- 
<t o£ the Uberal party. 

Mar. 21. Convention signed 


1 




Apr. 21. Ex-Senator Quay 
of Pennsylvania ac- 
quitted on the chaiEe of 


against mutual interfer- 
ence with the railway 
policy of either power in 



1 899 A-i^- 



OF UNIVERSAL HISTORY. 



a.». 


FlAHCI U<D GlRUAHY. 






1898 




1808 


isgs 




Aug. 31. Col. Henry of the 
French war offi« com- 


Aua, ao. Auitrta-Huugary. 
The premiera of the two 
members of the mon- 


Aug. 6. Philippine Islands: 




ganited a provisional 




Inaing to the authorahip 




government appeals lo 




of documents inco.n;: 


mon action looking 


the powers for the recog- 




nating Captain Dreyfui. 


toward! the renewal ol 


nition of Philippine 






ttaeAufg/fuAof LSG7. 


independence. 




Sept, A French force under 
Usjor Marchand esUb- 


Sept. 10- Emptess Eliza- 
beth of Austria assa^i- 


Sept. 21. China: By > 




coup d'*UU the dowager 












onthe N Ue and refu»s to 


w'Ge,^.'° ^^^ 


regency to the virtual 




retire »i;.lr Kilchener's 




exclusion of the Emperor 








Kwang-Hiu. 












Oct. 26- Fi»nce: F«U o( 


Oct, B. The powen demand 
the withdrawal of Turk- 


Oct. China. The forn^ 




the BriMon ministry. 


legations at Pekin 




20, the Court o( Casia- 


ish troops from Crete. 


threatened by mobs and 




Cion orden ■ supple- 












eapiiol from the coaat. 




Ihe Dreyfus case; 31. 








C. Dupuy forma a new 








No'v"s. The French bot- 


Nov. 8. Crete evacuated 


Nov. 30. The unim of the 






hy the Turtcii 27, Prince 


Central American stales 




withdraw fnm Paihoda. 


George of Greece ap- 


for foreign relations 






pointed High Commis- 


diuolved. 






%«t by t& power.. 


Dec. Transvaal: Uitland- 
en in Johannesburg 
appeal to the BritisG 
government against the 


1833 




1800 


1890 




Jan. 1. Austria -Hunsary. 


Jan. 1. Cuba. End of 








Spanish sovereignty. 






for a year hy imperial 


miliury rule of the 






decree owing to parlia- 


United Statea. 












Feb. 16. France: President 


Pe™Ru5iia': The'' Finnish 








d.et i< depri«d of the 








exclusive right ol legii- 






lo .ucceed him. 


policy of RussiHcatiou 






Uar. Cecil Rhode, ne- 


Mar., 1, Spain: TheSagasla 


Mar. 11. The Cuh«i al- 




gotiates with Ihe German 




sembly deposes Geo. 




coiSt me tion ofThe ^pe 


mfc^Sd^Hlh) °by a 


Gomei froihhis com- 




cabinet under Silvela. 


mand because of dia- 




to Cairo mil way through 




•aiisfaetion with his 




German tenicory. 




Umted Sutet concern- 
ing the payment of 




Apr. 38. Gcnnanv; The 




Apr. 1. Samoa: In the 




Reichitaa pane* ■ bill 












Se biliidi!'"™ A^lQ° 




u imperial bulk. 




American column is 



TABULAR VIEWS 



1899 A.D.- 



. PioouiB or SociBTV. etc. 



June 18. The Cotut of 
Atbimtion m the 
bounduy dlipuU ba- 

Gicat BiitBi.i becii ' 



"irs 



jyiiy ceri 



Oct. 3. The Parii Tribun 



UHtraD Statu. 



of muiddpa] comiption 
ia Nsw York City. 



Jnl7 17. PiMi mnaenta- 
tivea IB the Pbilippinc 
IiluuU proteat agaiiut 
the milltaiy cnuonhip: 
la. SecntVY o( Wu, 
Alger, TCiuRU u ■ re- 
iiiTt of the acandali 



wakcraf theHou 
B( bora public lUe. 



GUAT BUTAIH, 



1. Opminaof 
CBiful coruen 



viuJ ntativB .^ 

pievuices of the Uit- 

June 20. New South Walea 
ftccepti by popular vote 
the Fcdenl BiU thua 
Hnuine the aucceaa of 
AuHnuian fcdetatian. 



toriraof the Niger Com- 



Auc.^The Biitiah govcn 



Nov. 57. The U. S. govem- 



e Saiiioan IsJamls 



Nicholun'B Neck. By 
the end of the month 
Ladysmith. KImbcrley. 
and Mafckin^ are closely 

(ov. ^. British under 



OF UNIVERSAL HISTORY. 



285 



H*; 30. France: 
val at Toulon, 



te 3. The French Court 
>f Cuullan aanulj the 



on the part of othcer. 
oppoaed to CapUin 



Capt. 



*S-J 



B. Captain Dreyfui 



BuBOFB. slKwhen 



lav 2. Italy:, Pall 

Roraaniation of 
Cabmet effected. 



Sept. 23. AuMria: Pall of 



The Wobld, eliewhen. 



July IB. 

Volksra. 



Uitlandert the francbiie 




Oct. 10. Cuba: The work of 
uiking & ccneu* bevio> 

ican ofbciab; Revolu- 

ceuful and Coatio choo- 



284 



TABULAR VIEWS 



1899 A.D.-- 



L.s. Phoohiu or Socictt, etc. I 



TJktcbd SritTBS. 



Death* in 1S9D: G. Allm, 
R. P. Bland. Ron Bon- 
heur, D. G. Brioton. E. 
Cutclu. T. S. ClaricB, 

E. EreToimiui, S. J. 
Field. R. G. Imienoll, O. 



D. B. N. SouChirortb. 



IMO 

Jan. 30. Scnatof , 

Damocntio candldata (or 
goventor io Kxotaciy 



U>rcb2e. A trlbuoAlof 
iiut Ponugal >: ' 



Jufw 15. Gen. MacArtbui 



1>«. IB. Dcatb ot Ub; 
G«. H. W. Lawl 
killed in action in 



Feb. 6. The Hay-Psun 



14. The bill establish. 
i tbe ifdld Bt«nd4rd 



Juno 21. The Republici 



Bumn BxmB. 



Dec. 10. Biitiih under 
Gen. G*t*cn defeated at 
StoimbeiB: 11. Biitiib 
under Lord Methuon de- 
feated at MaBcnfantein: 
IS, Biitiih under Gen. 
Buller diiaitrouily de- 



mand in Africa with Lord 



Jan. e. Deapeiate Boei 
anault on Lady>inith 
npulied, 23-24. Biitiih 
dliaiter at Spion Kop 
noitb of the Tag6lA 



eb. 11. Loid RobBitt,tM- 
berlejr; 15, iiimberley 



Apt. 3. A Urge Briti»b 
force captured at Red- 

Pn>e State. The Boen 

jrretcuJar woriare. 
lay Ir.MafckinB relieved; 
iS. Lord KobiziU iuuea 



11. British occupy J 
lanncsburg in theTnii 



ea (relieved in Jul y). 



1900 A.D. OF UNIVERSAL HlSTORy. 



285 



i-D. 


FUHCa AHD GIBMUIT. 






IBSQ 




ISW 






Dec. 11. Tlie German 


Dec. 21. AtutrU: Re£gna- 








tLon of the Clary^^iTnii. 








t^ owing to lailure^o 






programme kxikioB 












the n.val .tieocth o£ 
the country. 












IBOO 




Jul Gernanyr IlMeeling 


JanpSpain: The Chambera 


Jan.— China: An imperial 




kaainst Great Bntam 










Natio^"ySiSn lo7"the 






AfricS^Swa. " 




emperor Kwang Hau 
anj namea a ion of 








Prince Tuao a* «uc- 






new Auilrian miniitry 








under Koerber. 






Fab. A bm introduced in 


Feb. 20. Italy: The Court 


Feb.— Samoa: The United 




the Pfench Chamber 


of Caaat.00 declare, the 






providing lor .the pun- 


Public Safety Bill inued 


point! a governor lor 








the iiland of Tutuila 




r^iaiop who .hould crili 




and the harbor of pHiao 




cise the public authon- 


revivefc 


UiS^hioa: The pomn 




Uar. 8. France: The Tbt- 




give pledgei Is Uw 
Tloited Scatea that DO 




Itrt: F.>nC*i* deetroyad 








by fire. 




merce on the ground of 
natioaality *ball ba 






an theme of the Prince 


tianiin the north of the 






of Wali (Edward VII.) 


empire. _ 






byonanarcbiatatBrMi- 


May 31. Continued Boxer 
Mmbhngof (oieign war- 




"*£a,|rji|rs 








■hip> at Tak.i; guard! 












succeeded by Geneia 




proteclLon of the kga- 




Andre. 












Tien Tiin for the relief 




pauei a bill puttiDg an 


June St. Ruiua: Death of 


oi the Pekin legatkni*; 




end to all criminal proae 


Muravierf, , miniiler o; 


the Chine« govern. 




ffsa-s"""* 




&.. 7rt T^J 


















Pellou» miniitrr (18) 


i^p^6«t^ ire 






cabinet. 








26, The allied eolunui 








] 




5.",¥i'2i£SS 








VatJCA'UqUiDOL 



TABULAR VIEWS 



&j>. Pbookiu or SocuTV, etc. 



Jnlr *. A Ratua of Lalay- 
etu, _ pmcntcd by 

nn. uDveUed In Park. 

July 7. A tutiu of W. B. 

Glf 



GladitoDa it unvdled i 



OcL. — Suconiful, tauofa 
diri^ble bailoon cqei- 
— icled by Count Ztp- 



Deaths in 1900: G. D. C, 

Uuke o£ ArgyU. V. D. 
BeoedeUi. R. U. Black- 
«„ Prince 6e Join. 
...J, W. Licbknocfii. I. 
Martitwau. E. J. Phflpa, 



F. Wax „ 

kany. F. W. Niei 



r. U. Mm 



UmriD Statu 



ulv S. Tba DemocniCk 
National ConvmtT 
Kaaiaa Qty nom 
W. J. BiyM and 
6t«<noKMi for pn 
and Tka-pmidni 



o ol WiUiain Coabd. 



popuUEion of the U 
than 7e.3D0.IX». 



). William McKinley 



13. Senats ado| 



interocaanic canal. 



Feb. 2. The army Rear 
law; lbs etmicth oi Ihi 



July 9. The bill conititut. 



warfare in Orane 
State: Surrender i 
aeneral Prinaloo 



pt. I. L«rd Robert* ii 

iiie* a proclamation ac 
nexins the South Africa 
RepuElic. 



a. 



Warey at ^ 
t in the Tn 



OF UNIVERSAL HISTORY. 



287 



X.I.. 


,.^c.„oO 


EuBOPB, elaewhere. 


Tbb Wouj>, Blwwhei*. 


IMO 




leoo 


1900 






'•!?™=S«.'.'.&.,K5 


July 13-14. China: The 
allied forca take Tien- 






MoDia by an anaichin. 


TWnbyrtom^^tbe^Chi- 






Br<Ki.wbobadc«neto 






perfoimthe deed from 
Patenon. N. J.: he i> 


chensk. capital of the 








Russian territory of the 








Amur. 




Aug. 2. Pnuice: Attempt 


Emmanuel III. eweara 


Aug.*, China: AnaJlied 
Torce of 20,000 men ecU 




^ the life of the Saih 




in Pa™ 8. Germany: 




out from Tien-Tsin tor 




Count von Walder.ee 




the relief of the Pekin 








legations: the Rusnan. 
occupy Niu.Chwana in 




mand of the allied fon» 






in China. 




Hanchuria; M.Theallia 
take Pekin and rwcue 

28. Allied trocma march 
through the Fnbidden 

Sept.-^hina: The mar 










Sept. 23. Fnsce: PraideBt 








ncre of Chrietiao mis- 




000 republican mayota 








of provmcial town* at a 




itive MpeditioD* ' eent 




banquet in the Tuiler- 




out by the allied powers. 




iei aardeni. 








Oct. 17. Prince Hoheolohe 


Oct. 31. FaU of the Silvela 


Oct 1«. China: Great 




reiigni the cbancelor- 


mioiitry in Spain: a 


Britain and Germany 




ship of the German 
em>irt:he ii Micceded 


cabinet under Aicarrasa 


to' maintain the riven 




by von Bfllow. 




to trade and to take 




Nov. 12. The Pari* Bk- 








poBtioQ cloHi after bt^ 








mg ™ited by 60,000,000 




iu sessions at Havana. 






Dec. 24, The allied powen 




the Tmoivaal pauei 
through Germany tul. is 




the leno) ol which are 














embodied in a subae- 




Fr»n«: Ai. amnnly bill 








paued for all acta con- 








nected with til* Dieifui 






1901 


aUair. 


1001 


leoi 




Jan. 12. A bill introduced 










English CathoTici under 


protocol with the power* 






the Uuke of Naifallj 


S?n'?SXufscSn^: 






viiit Rome and express 




KoE^'"" ■"""■■ 




ed with the Bo«r up- 
rising and payiog an 






Fe^Gl'^l^fd^^n 


Fe'b.-^eveliition of Rus- 


i 


Wilhelmina of the 


sian diplomacy in China 


1 


Netherlanda to HuVe 


aiming at Ihe eiUblilb- 




Henry of Mecklenburg- 


ment 6f a virtual ptotec- 




Scbwerin. Italy; Thn 


torate over Manchuria. 




Saiwxo rainiilry rpiigin 


Feb. 21. The Cuban con- 






&>i,;,rss.^ ■ 


vention adopts a con- 



TABULAR VIEWS 



AM. PROORWI OF SOCWTT, etc. 



ofHonmtniid, Pa..givci 
tS ,300.000 U> the city 
of N«r York for fna 



tlNim> &T«TIB. 



Mu. 4. IiwugumUoii 
el Pnsidant McRinley. 

Ur. ll.The Saute unend- 



Apr. 14. Tba pemjineot 



Uky l.ppaiEnBolthePui- 

Buffalo. 30. OpCTiins of 
the h&ll of Fune at Sbw 
York Univ«r«ity. 






In Nb 



opeiu in London. 
Lug. S. M. Santos-Dumont 
in ■ dirigibJe balloon 
«i]i around tbe Eiffel 
Tower ill Parii. 



viiiti Waihinflton 
proteat aaainst tha 

"^S^aSS 



lav 27. TheU.S. Supreme 
Court bandi dow- - 
important deciiio' 
eardina the con 
tional itatui of co 
and poiaeuiaiii. 

uly 24. A court of inquiry 



"S 



10. /L general atrike 



treaty lisned by Secre- 
ury of Sute and the 
Britiih ambaaaador 

I>aunce(ote atWai" 



ir CarTicgiegtvea (10,000,000 for the fouD- 



Uar. M.TheDukaofCom- 



fennt part* of th* 



Apr. 17, DiiordBiIv aceoa 
duiing the iiutall*tk>n a 
the Bbhop ot London 






Sept. 17, Boen under Gen. 



Death! in 1901:— E.Audnn.W.Beiant, . 
Chunning, H. Creighton. W. H. Evans. 
Benjamin Harriaon, J. Le Conte. Uilai 
NordenakjoJd, W. f- -'^- " "— ■= " 



Boecklin. R. W. Buchanan. W. B. 

ohn Fiike. J. V. Guiko, E. Cray, 

. o( Servia. 1, G. Nicolay. A. E. 

Verdi. C. von HobenJohe-SchiUioasf^irU, C.IL 



OF UNIVERSAL HISTORY. 



Chvnber pA3se« « 
portant BUI oE Aa 



Apr.— AnltalianfleetviiiU 
ii marked by tbi 






y 3. The Pnusiai 



Aug. 26. The Preneh 



Sue a French 



Nov.— A French aeeCiiii 
of'jfi^M and To% 



EuROFa, dwwbere. 



Mar. 9. Russia: Co 
Toliloy ii ei-m 
cated oy the o 



Uar 38. The Norwegian 
HTliamect eonfci '' 



United Suua the dak 
;ed in behalf 
jftionarlea in Ai 



Sept.— Turkey: UiiaStont 

. captured by But. 
ian brigandi and held 



Thi Wokld, alMwhere. 



July. — Argentina; A plan 
for tbs unification of lb« 
public debt brougbt (oi- 
ward by thegDvemment 



Aug. — Liberal revolution 
Colombia: iniur- 
ided by Veneiue- 






Sept. ^Conflict! between 
leiuela and Colom- 



^lou but after a s 
i Huns Cbanj). 



TABULAR VIEWS 



. PuxiRua or Socutt, e 



Feb.— Mr. J. P. ISoTfan, 

banker of Ne- VSrk, 

dve tntii-AtluLk 



»n. M, Tmtv (cm — 

6utcbua o( tbe Duiltb 
Imt Indkt acned 



Bkitiib Bxpnii. 



Jan . — A cunp lUgn of (md- 
— ^ cxhBuition oLrried 



LesUkt 

Feb. 3S. AiT^ of Prince 
Hannr of PnwiB to 
Ndw Yoik; bii vklt !■ 



___fino Company. 
Apr. — BytluwiUofCeci] A 
"■-odB Cd. .Match 26) 



Colonials, uid U< 
M«y a*. A .tal 

Waahincton in the pres- 
Ence of descendants of 

June 26. The Kioq of Eos- 
land insCitutathe Order 
of Merit for distinguisb' 



Bill aliowiaa ■ nductkm 
in tariff dotiet on im- 
portaUooi fiam that 



July I. Ad ac 
the eiubl 
Philippine* 



nenC in tht 



Sept.— Stanley Spenci 
saUs in an airship tor 3 
mila over LonJont it 
turn to thrisliania of the 
An.tic expeditiot 
bvctdrup. 

Oct. 



, The HagiM til- 



"Pioui Fui 



the 



Mexicc 



nited 



-. the Unite 

Nov.— TheuhaofChiiito- I 
pher Columbus are de- 
posited in the Cacbedial 
of Seville. 



Bsiembly ia two yean if 

rut. 17. SKrcCary of 
6UU May addrcues a 

powers of the Treaty o( 
Uerlin advocatins re- 
lict for tbe Jewi olRou- 

Dct. lU. Pre^dcnt Roosc- 

dccide upon termi of 
peace: SI. .The minen 



Newfoui 



Apr. 13. The Boer liaden 



llay 81. Tbe Boar leaden 
Mgn torms of auirsixdCT 

June 24, Prepuationa for 

••■ ■; coronation of Ed> ' 

I. interrupted by 

il.'The^Ma^ 
liabury reeijrns 

bv'S'. J. B 

Aiig.' b/ Coronat 

Abbey. 



Nov. 3. Conferences be- 






atofptift 
tb the CI 



with the coUmie*. 



OF UNIVERSAL HISTORY. 



*.D. 


P>*NCB AND ClRHANY- 


E„o,.,.U..h^. 


TBI Wou.n, elsewhere. 


1902 


1902 


1S03 


1902 




J»n. 8, The governmem 
aanounces to the Ptus 




'"iSJSftS.^.'S 




Bian dicL a policy ol 




Japan providina for be- 




active GcraianifiMlion 












case of attack on either 








party by a single po»-cr. 




Fob. 26. The fenieaary of 
the birth of Victor Hugo 


Feb. 23. Turl«y: Uiu 


and u:ttve auistancc in 




Stone the kidnapped 






is celebrattd with grmt 


miMlonary ii releaeed 


than one power. 




BtatB >o Pnoce. 


after the payment of > 
heavy ransom. 








Aor. 15, Ruoia: Sipiacuine 
















by a KieB EtudeaC. 


evacuation of Maochu- 




Hay.— Exon^atPariiofa 


"■iSjffrtiJ2=* 


"Uoi^t ^f^e'^^'s^rt-:: 




Humbert Caae) uartii-L 




oi'^Tp*!rrfe"^ti!'s,.'<;ss 






™ti*lheC%r. '™* 




inijDlifiini nearly 100. 














June a. t'nnce. Thd Wal 


June 28. The Triple AI- 


Ma"'ai. T. K. Palma in- 








Busurated fiiat preiideot 
of Cuba. 




reiigns; 6. A new cabinet 


Amttia- Hungary, and 




formed by M.Coniboi. 


Italy ii renewed. 






July. France: The fonrible 


July 11. lUIy; CoUapK of 
the celebrate^ Campa- 


July.7<hin«: Trealy_ ne- 






Siitaia preividins for the 




tchools not confoTminb 


nile n( St. Uark'a at 




withtheLjwofAuocifl 


Venice. 


abolitioS of "Ukia- 








dutieioaBritiahGoodi. 

Hayti: Civil war: the gun- 
boat (Triw-a-PwrrDliunk 




Sept.— Indijcreet exprei 




Kl£,°-Jr !SSS 




■ions of opinion by the 






French minister of 
marine aimed .e»i™it 




KS.-.."-™" "-^ 




Kngland and Germany 








di«vowed by the 








Oct."e""™oc« ™nctudes|0ct.2a.'I1l«Dani.hS«D«tB 


Oct. 28. Colombia: Gen. 




a troily, of wrriloriiiL reject! the treaty of sale 


Utibe-Uribeleaderofthe 






insurrection capilulBtei 






Indies to the Unifl 


marking tlie practical 






SUte.. 










Nov. 4. Veneiuela: the 






insurrection crushed by 




Socialiiu to the new 








'lariif bill leads to lb* 




near La Victoria. 












IBpuiat indignation. 







TABULAR VIEWS 



Death* in 1902: Lord Acton: C. K. Adams: Albert. Kine of Saxonr: W. A. 
Butler: E. Egal«ton: T. O. Eosiiali: S. R. Gardiner: P. B. Harte; I. W. 
PoceU: G. Sjiwimm; C. J. Khodo; T. DeWiCt Talmage: J. Tiaot; R. 



Viichow. E. ZoU. 



Jan. Mr, Jobn D. Rocke- 



cui« for tubercBloik. 



Progress of Society, e 



fiom Cape Biclon across 



United States. 



BunsH EHPUta. 



* Dec. Bnactmeat of i 



(tiowins problem (rf the 



[ay. The Presbyt 
liberal coiiesiioB. 



jari. 22. Paaaoa Canal 






with Colombia 



eignly Buaranleed- 2*. 



Department of Comn 
and Labor becomes 
tiarch 3. Bill increa 
the strength of the f 
paned: 17. Senate 



Apr. B. The U. S. Circ 
Clares illegal the mer 



of Northern Securitiea 
Company, 
(a)' 31. Floods at Topeka. 

hundriKli of livts. 

une. Widespread frauds 

partment involving high 
olBcials. brought before 



7. Colonial Secretarr 



= Sulun of &okoto, 



Apr. 17. A B 
"Mad fiSla 



«Iwe«n 'Frat 



Ian.' of Preside 



OF UNIVERSAL HISTORY. 



BuKOPB, elaewhen. 



Dec. M. Ths Gennui E 



D«. 8. To enforce coUcc< 
tian o( debta Crat 

the Venezuelan Beet. 
10. EsUbliib ■ "pe&ceful 
blockade." 13. Bom- 
tard Puerto C&bello: 
Venezuela appu)i to 
theU.S.l26.Iti«decid. 
ed to refer diapute to 
Hague Tribunal, 

in. 21. Veneiuela: The 
(ortreu of San Carlo* It 
bombarded by Cemua 



and, the 



Feb. 21. Turkey:, The pow- 

to the Sultan outlinini 

Tcforma for Macedonia. 

Uar. KusiiB: An imperia 

pTOmLse of reliaioua and 



Feb. 13. VeMEuela: Pro- 
' withGnatBritian 

■ Italy 



the conaitwn of 
Apr. 7. Servia: Kina A 






.- leformi. 

e. Apr. 10-30. Ruuia: 

¥^j*e«iKllcTfrom the 



(Niu-Cb«-ang) by Ruuia 
pauei without any ac- 
tion so the part ol the 



ie Social Uemociat*. 



alar King Alexander 
and Queen Dra^. 15. 

cbooseg Peter Kara- 

uly. Spain: Silvela'mini,- 
tryfolJowed by a cabi- 
net under Villiv-rde. 
/illy 20. Italy: Ueath o( 
mXllI. 



TABULAR VIEWS 



Uhitbd Statn. 



Deaths <n 1903: L. Aiditt, 
A. Bain, H. De Blowili, 
C. G. llufiy, P. W. F«f 
nr, J. Glaisher, W. B. 
Henley. A. S. Hewitt, 
F, W. Holls, W. B. H. 
l-eciiy. B. Lcgouv^, C. iJ . 
Lrland. -Ka™ LyeH." 
Theodor Uomnuen. G. 

ilM-firt Spencer, ^' u. 
ScoildBrd. Cardinal II 
Vnughan, 1, A, Mc.\i;l 
■WhiaUer, 6. Zanardelli. 



Jan. 25. US. of ttu 

book of Parodist 
oflend foi Ble In 



. Conviction of I A 



Bkitish Ahikica. 



; 14. Thil Iriib Land 



New York labor u 



I. One of the tunnel* 
T the Hudsm River 
lecliLg New Yofk 
and New Jeney. 



Apr. 30. Openl 






let. 20. The Alaaka 
Boundary Comminion 
decidta m favor of tbe 

United -- - 



:hi^^'_ 
nearly 600 



the >rorthan Sccuritin 
Company illegal, — 

Presideat RooBcvdt de- 



Apr. 22, The Unileil States 



eoDiplelei 
of t^e 1 



napped by Monx 
oideicd' to Tanitier 



the cabinet, begini hU 
campaign far "fiKal 
lefonn, ' i. *.. a policy 
of paituJ ptolaction. 



1904. 

Jan, Important ■ 



Mar 31, Battle between th* 
Tibetan expedittooary 
force under Col. ¥oun«- 



Apr. 8. Conclusion of an 

-ica. EgypI, Morocco, 
m, and Madagasrar. 



OF UNIVERSAL HISTORY. 



Prahcb ahd Gbrhahv 



Thi Wokui. slmrtwre. 



im 




")'«i°-™Ss;.Siir. 


Skrto. CBrdm.I-P.tri- 


w»y; about 100 U™ 


inh of V<>ni« ehoMn 


loit. 


Pope; he niBum^ ihe 
tille Pim X.— UulEsha 










outraKCS in Macedoniii. 


Oct. 14. France: Agree- 


Oct, 21. Italy: Premier 


ment with Gn-t Briuin 




that , intcrpreiatioD of 






GioilttL 



Colorabi*: In- 

procUnution of 
-^ ■-- u. S. 



Dec. Wulike prepantion* 
in Japui owing to the un- 
wtiuactorr ptognm of 
nFgotiBtwoa with Ruui* 



Jan. Uprisins amoiu t 
HeiTcrot in Geim 
Southwest Africa. 



to the KiibineB rial 
MM 
an. 13. After prolDnged negotia 

'eb. e. Japan Kveis diplomatic lel 
use of torpMloes; B, The JapaneM 



s&,nssL 



Apr. German foicee < 



.nst the viii' 
t Loubet a 



a JapaneM n: 
Uy 1. The Js 



:."« 



396 



TABULAR VIEWS 



PnooBnsOF Socutt, ( 



crueltia pnctlMd — 
nativa of Codbd Prae 

State by ofi ^ 



Uhitid Statu. 



June IE. The 

■teauHT, GrH, SlocuM 
to botMd in tfaa Eut 
SiTsr with 
■bout MO 1 

June 33. Riitiul 

M Chjcuo 



July 11. Cornet 
the Wortr 



A. B. Puker and H. G. 
Davii for praident aad 
viu.(>nddmt: Sfi.itj-Uia 
o( testilewor' — '- "-" 
River bmkai 

Aug. SlMof 
vith " 

of Ameilaui uphilt 



Sept. Retuni to Englu 
Lie Expedition witti 



iKsition. 27. The New 
Vorif Subway (under- 
ground railway) ii 
thiown open to tnfGc. 



pEvaideat and 

pnaldeBt. 
ulylKlO. The Dtmociatic 



Mnitarrm 
the field ol 



Nov. S. President Room- 
velt ra-elected by an 
ovtTwhdmiriB nwiority. 
15. Tieaty ofaibitration 
with Gennany (igned. 



BUTIBB BmfU 



Tnuuvkkl Slid Selda. 



ipital of Tibet; the 



Dalai Lama aeea. 



a Tibet ettabliihini 



r^" 



OF UNIVERSAL HISTORY. 



Oct. The Frent 



le Fraich pra 



Nov. 10. Pimnce: A biU for 

id iitBta introduced by 



Thb World, elMwbere. 



le. KuhIb: Gen. J 

*■ B. BOvernor- 

of PinTaiid, ai- 



■^%h«: 



Ta-ling uid Uo-1 



lifiotionio/ PoitATlhur 



Ta-5bib-cb>o. 27, , 



Aug. IG 
Ucetm 



oeutnl I 
Vl^vtutock 



Sept. 4. Ths 

defeated and 

1 irom Lao-Yana 

e of the greatest 



Sept. Italy: Stnkei i 
••■-Drderio north era f 
peninnila: Social, 



Mukden. 9- IS. I 



Nov. Ruuia: A meetina ol I 



de-Apread Tcfonr 
ml of political 



:03 Uctre Hill. 



Z98 



TABULAR VIEW3 



pBOOVUt OF SocircT, Me. 



Deaths in 1904: Arnold. E.. 
Barttioliii. P.A., Dvorak. 
A.. FinMn, N., GncBC. 



. 11.. 



Sp.ir 



Jokai.M..KniHn,8.J. 

LonsBtrect. J,, Mui>.. 
v.. MiulCnn of Turkry. 
Rdclui .E..&UDlcy,H.M., 
Stephen, Lcsiie. Verest- 
chifiin, v., Von Hoist, 
H.^.. Waldeck-Rsiu- 
Beau,P.M„Wi.tl«,G.F. 

Ju. S. Thg LichOlnerva- 
lorr aanouncn ihe die 
coverr of ■ lixtb MIellite 
of Jupiter ud of a aum- 
ber of double *u». 



s 



Umitio BrtTtM, 



of Domioian tenitory, 
undertake the adjuit- 
ment of forcigc clums. 



pmne Court declan* th 
b«C trust illegaJ. 

eb. le. TbeHoUHBUtha 



Bunts BKratB. 



Intrautiana] 



I at tbe North Sem 

incideot with Ruiaia 



Feb. 21. Bill iotroduccd in 
' e Caniuliiin Pariiament 

Alberta and Sukatche- 



OF UNIVERSAL HISTORY. 



A.O. 


PlAHCI ANDGiUCANT. 


—■ 




IBCM 


lecM 


19W 


Ifi04 




Dec. 2. A committee of 


Dec. 27. RuMia: An im- 


Dec 31. Gen. Stoeuel in 




the French Chamber 








adopts a lubslilule bill 


partial reform* but up- 
holds the ideal of auloc- 






for the Kotintion of 


tice. 




Chunh and Sute. 






190a 


1905 


IfiOfi 


1B05 






Jan. 22. The .triktag work- 


Jan. 2. Port Arthur aur- 






















move toward the Wi^ 


after the fleet in the 






Palace Square in order 


harbor had been blown 






to preaent their petition 
















They an met by tn»pi 
ud are .hot down by 


announcei the capture of 












hundiwU; 29. Warsaw 


lions: 2a. Driven out of 






ia under mob rule. 


Sandepas. The whole 
Ruuian right ii with- 
drawn across the Hun. 






geneial of ^Jmd^ 


Feb. 12, The JapwMMCut 




no further loaiia will be 






Era nled Turkey byPnuice 




Mukden and Harbin: 26. 




■embiy of the noblei at 


They take BeremeS Hill 




^^ %^^G^^ 


St, Petenburg aends an 


after heavy fighting; 27. 




TK^NUh%ea"™j, 


addiw to the cx»r. 


The Ruaian Banks ai« 




tiveaof the people should 


■hell Uukdeoi 2S!'§S^ 






have a .hare in the gov- 
emment; 17. Grand Ouke 


ffi28„Ti.— -^ 












for the firing on the Eng- 








Belgium .praids^ 21 






liah ir»wlers near the 


The poweta accept the 








propcaal for higher Turk- 
i.b cmtom. duties on 
condition that the ad- 
ditional revenue ihall be 
devoted to refomu: 24. 

plon^^unnel is completed. 











TABULAR VIEWS 



I. FaooBisi OF SociiTY, etc. 



tin. aa. CKiiBH of Sm 
York nibKiibe 1000,000 
tovards Aa endowment 
of 11.000,000 lor tba 

Amnion Acftdem] 
I^ne Aitiia Kome. 



Uhitid Statu. 



Mar. 31. ViMOODt Gowben 



_ jfNnr- 

idlud Ukes mcuuna 

to pzwen( Amencon fish- 



Apr. 28. Mora than 1000 
emigruita guhcnd by 
the SaJvatioa Army ]<wva 
Liverpool foi Canada. 



MayS. Theteamsten'itrilce Uay 3. Lord Dunraven 



■ioiu ia Wattiington. 



OF UNIVERSAL HISTORY. 



Uar. IT. Th« French Cham- 
reduu tlu wrm of Kctivg 



GBrmaTi)r will (tand &m 
open-door phndpla in 



J90S _ 

> annt religious fnedom 
to the pvopus; 31. Asi 

the hnguaga J iaili ti . 
command ii mpported 
by the kiiden o( ' 

Kowuth party in 

tria-Hunaary; 22. The 
Ruuias Conunitue rt 
Ministcn 



uncODciliatory atal 
tonard Morocco. 



7. Ex-Premicr Corabei 



France; 31. A bomb ii 
thrown in Pari, at a 
carriage occupied by King 
Alfonio and Prvaidmt 



D inb 




Tui World, elaen>hsr& 



IMS 

"ar. 3, St. Psisnburs Ta< 
porta Kuropatkin to b« 
m full rtrtreat on Tielinc; 
6. JapaiMB within fiva 
mils of Mukden. N(«i 
wiih thg Port Arthur vet* 
iddenly tunuweat- 



; 3.Kurold a 



Bejap 



Mi^en' 



the Jap«i-*.. ] 



PaM. 

liusaian lo«9eE in fiohting 
around Uukdon aniJ .T«S 
•lead. 110,000 vounded 
BDd 40.000 captured; 
Japanese :4 1,000 total. 17, 
Gen. Linevitch superaedca 
Kuropatkin: 23, japan- 
ue loan to r>iae tliO,- 
000.000; 23-24, Japajuaa 
carrying out Hanking 
movementa, endangering 



W. Ruti 



a drive 



200,000; 23. 



in« m Man. 



™lS!'fumISSr^o 
boau and about 8U0 



TABULAR VIEWS 



S.tiS: 



L.fe Iiuun 
ofliceTs;30, J 



dieted by Ihe 
'-- alleged viols 



Chinese i n Shuifrhai 
reported cilecLive. 
Aug- M. Tho peace envoi 
^ Kutsi» and Japa 
et at Ponuuouih, r 



i^ C. ^Bunon of 
bridge, England. 



B»IIUB EnnRB. 



.u-.c ai Lordly de- 
rM!^ and totally 



siens a! viceroy of India. 
The enri ol Mmu> ia ap- 



OF UNIVERSAL HISTORY. 



S, Germany propoa 



power u> auppr«u popukf 
dcmoTHtnilions^ S. The 
Zem^tvo LoDicnsa ii held 
at Moscow^Hpite the 
police orden; 7. Noiway 
declam itietf lepBtBted 



1 Lodi, Poland; 



ol tha Black 



Su •quadmn, u Mited 
by bercnw ; 2B The K«i - - 
FoumkiM ■bells Oden., 
1000 paopis an killed 
in itreet ashtios- Sailon 



Choleia be( 
he Rmaian !> 



Aug.S. The RuMikngovern- 



Pens and d 

)~ 'the Japanese begia' 
•i enveloping movement 
Uancburia. Vladivo- 
ock ii tbreatenad^ 



. Japaneae iciie the 
d ors^halieo, uMid 

t: 24, The Rui- 



aiaot an defeated m 
wait of Naa-aban -vt 



An*. 4. Japi 
in on Vlad 



ion of hoatilitiM 

inchuna: 20. Ibc 

of Morocco re- 






TABULAR VIEWS 



Piooam OF Socnrr.ato. 



Oct. 3. The !i 
Tubercu)Q«is 



Deuia in IHSt 

Jr.rBuuAp. 

Itish; Uodge, Mary M.; 
(iomez.M.^HarlandHeii' 

l.la.. Irving, Sir H.: Ins 
Iio.AdfiaQ; Jeffenoo, J, 
Klniou, Lord; Lee. Piti 
huah^ Packard, A. B., 
" ■d,5ir WnnyaiShllrp, 
'-■ u., Theodora- 

,, i; WnUaco.L, 

Whiteb<«d, R.; Wool 
Samh C. "■'• 



W,: Vhon 



e-); Zi^ 



r, W. 



ret. i. Pint lou 

tann flight by Wright 
broE'ien' atroplanB: MJ 
milH ill 38 minutcf 



iuljini m- 



in. I.NnrEagUndwooIlea 

liy niH tbe woj 
Kl.DOO cmployeei 



baeltnuteaMinCI 
30. Connilmr-nfor 
puwitba Saiute. 






hip-nibsidy bill 

-lite: 19, Re. 
«CoDgreu by 

[Nc »iuuu CanaE com- 
niisaion and board of 

■.ommenda a^ 

be built in Sort 

£1. Pure-lood biu"pi 



BUTIBH ElIPIBl. 



an. 16. Formal control o 

tbe fortification! of Hali 
fax taken over by th- 



1906 A.D. 



OF UNIVERSAL HISTORY. 



..». 


PuHci andOkkkaht. 


EuBOPK, ebewbeie. 


The World, eleewhen. 


ieo5 


190a 


ifm 


ISOS 






tkt. 2*. The RuBian nil- 


Oct. 14. The Rnsao-Jap- 






road ^•Irike apreadi 








30. The ciar iaaa a 


fied. 






l^JT^xtmslS^of'thi 








■uffnoe. and inability 
to enlocce Ian without 








the eoDMnt of the Duma. 








Nov. 3. The RuHian een- 








(onhip over the press 








and private diipatchei ii 
























U^ht%kl "iS^u- 








tiODina of St. Peten- 








!3S*.b'iS15SS 








thnnriofl the monafchi-, 
Sec. e. Russian Iroops 






Dec. 6. The Pmeh SnuM 






to''l'o2 t^'wLl for the 


mutiny in Kronitad; 17, 






A aenenil strike ii de- 






«p«»tiraiifChim:h»nd 


clared and insurrectioD 






State. 


■pnadi in the Russian 

all of southcm Russia 
is in rebellion, the in- 




1006 


1006 




IBOS 




[an. 14. FnDM tmn 


^™"^'ir~ss; 


Bquador are held by reb- 




Vneiuel.; 17. Palliin. 


24. The Belgian Chamber 


^;32.ChJn««ir<^in- 




elected pn^dent of 


ssrbJir3S°s,.°'»s;- 






Fnmce: 20. Great denum- 


dri^ back" by the 
French with ■ foes of 




lOTitioni of the Gemun 


prince of Denmark ii 






proelatmod King Fred- 


too killed or wounded. 




in Berlin and other 


erick VIII. 














the'^JnUad Statet. 








Fariiamem it dinolved 






byaabowofCoroe. 





3o6 



TABULAR VIEWS 



Uhitbd Statbi. 



1906 A.D. 



Apr. 31. Peuy nactwd 
S7* 0* N. lat„ ■ nnrncoid. 



[ay 19. Tbe Simplon Ton- 
ml through tbe Aln. 
121 m. loot, i* foniuJlv 



Apr. 18. 6ui PnodKQ 
•utbqtuka vid fin; SO. 



ir 18. Ttu nliroad n 



Uay 4. GovcnungDt ae- 

lurkiih tiDopi bom T&- 
bab: 19. A dBputai ion o f 

ier, demsii^ tbe rigbt to 



JuM 3. Resolution requir. 
ing luppliea for Panome 
Canal to be bought in 

cinal 



«nd Ohio 
" ■ bill 
1: 21. 



BuTiiu Ehpibb. 



Mot. 9. The Houee of Com- 




Wenmitu^a. 



1906 i 



OF UNIVERSAL HISTORY. 



BuROPi, clienheie. 



<rf th« Jipuww lailnMidi 
by the ffovenim«nt >■ 



jy the UouH after 



i:2I. Thsci 
'mncB molvn 



RoysJiata, Boi 
labor lesde 



Peters buFB : V esuv i 
■-.^ri'd: 10. Vesuviu 



Apr. 27. Anglo-TlbMui 
treaty : Cbbu ntalni aov- 
enigiicy of Tibet, oirinB 
protection to BiWih In- 



it S£. 



May 2. Resignat 



SS'S 



Itay 3. Plasut 
idlyiDNon 






Juna 27. The Imemational J 



. PeniyiaD troop* 






TABULAR VIEWS 



1906 A.D. 



PKDORua OF Sociirr. etc. 



Uhitid Statu. 



, Eapenmto Con- I 



v,hieh is won by Liei 
Laho. V. S, A„ in t- 
billoon Uniled SlaUs. 
which lands in England' 



nem^oCfahon 



Brituh Eicrini. 



Sept, 3. Pour hundred and 



5. The Trade Union 
ress passes a resolu- 

for all organlicd 



1906 A.D. 



to the P 
of Deput 



OF UNIVERSAL HISTORY. 



...Jicated, restored to 
the army and given the 
iiulfimB of ine Legion of 



Sept. 23. SocUlirt 



^^ 



Oct. The police M Poeen 
ici» lO.OCO copies □' 
violent proclnnuiion c 

religious in 
theichooli. 



Thi WoKUi.ebewiien. 



23* i?J'?!ui. 



lU, e. Kusuan : 



M: 7. The SCE- 
ou SEnice in Ruuia ii 
oiled ofl; S. The Ruuiin 
cabinet Bopropriatevl!^.- 
OOOjOOO for f«mme rel.cf. 
0. The SpDDlsh cabinet 
votes to ifioore the papal 
protest in reaard to civil 
BuiTiages; ^Ta bomb, 
intended for Premier 
Stolypin of Ruuia. Willi 



t. 9. Tiw 






■uppreM ■ Carliit revolt 
in Catalonia; 20. Final 

Kuaiian peasantry. 



Oct. IZ. Turkish troops d 
^emeii; lU^T^e Ku 



choDss [beir place 01 



^u-Italian-Briti^ treaty; 
10-17, Eanhquakei and 
fire cause (frsat deatnic- 



). Uprisias against tba 



Kl" 



. Dalny, Hanchntls 
' an edict promisintf 



roods and telegraph lines 
in Cuba are cut; IS. A 
typhoon at Hong Kong 



killed by Dutch lories on 
AnniEtice sisned in Cuba. 



S full rights of 



TABULAR VIEWS 



1906 A.D.- 



. Pkdouu or SociitT, < 



Dee. Ifl. The IT. 8. 

iBtifiH the Red Cioh 

tne ■meJioralion of ib 



time in Clnvland: 
The PeoDB^vuiu J 
niM* wi«e* 10 par 

Dec, 2a. PrcL RooHvell 

BBtioa of 



I in IBM: AntboDT. 

jiU.lBninetiire. P.: 
e. Pierre 1 Cnigir 



HunliiislDQ. Ubhj 
Ibien, Heruik: John 



iJarl; Toole. J. 
I Wheeler, Oea. J. 

1907 .'007 




Jul. IS, Flood* oa the Ohio 
IS.IWO people ji 



preeidenti epcBker, _.-, 
— Hnbeim of the Cabinet 
1(1 of Congress, 
r Bivcs t32,000,000 to b« ad' 
« tieoefal Educaiion Hoard. 

' h. 2S. Major Coethala 

oftbe Panama Cam 



£duatioa bill; SO. Ths 
Bducation bill with- 
drawn: M. The Indian 
National Congini openi 
at Calcutta; iH). iviog 



abolish n 



: 2a. The Labor 



3. B. A great gathering 



OF UNIVERSAL HISTORY. 



-1 — 


Einiopi, elwwbere. Turn Woild, eliewbere. 


1906' 1908 


1906 liooa 






Nov. 7. By a new interp«.,Nov. 22, The Chiaew im- 












£w™ha°RuLian "iSnTte 


suppieasion of the use of 














of city and railroad eni- 






Dec. 28, The Fnnch Senaus 


D«. U*The Belgian Cham- 






pu»*tt»wMnd«]Sep«- 






nWtoDbiU, 




ihoeks in Ihe province of 






nexJQs the Congo Free 


Tacna. Chile; 30. 1 he 






Siate:29.Faetorieseloi«l 


>h^h aid the crawn 






at Lodi, Ruuiim Poland. 








100.000 men out ol work. 


coni"tutiOT. ' '" 


1907 


iflor 


I0O7 


1907 




J^in. 3. New Prmeh Uw 


Jan. 3. Articles of the Po- 


Jan. U. The giMtw pan 




>une>.d»g th« Church 


lish National League. 


of KlneatonT Janu^. 




and Slate Separation tav. 


embodying pJans for ac- 


denroyed by eanhtiuake 




of 19pa >• aigned by the 




and fire; over lOOOdead" 






lished at Brealau; M. 


19. Shah of Persia 






Spaniih Parliament sus- 


cnnnied at Teheran; 30. 






pended by the king. 


The Chilean Congresa 
auchoriiea the conitnic- 
tioo of ■ railn>ad from 
the Peruvian frontier 
lo the Strait of MagoUwi. 






Feb. 20. CoMula in Odessa 








appeal to their embassies 
























anti-Jowiih diMurbancea. 





TABULAR VIEWS 



Uhitbd Stitbb. 



Msr. 12. Hr*. Runall Sue ai 



11007 
IB sice Poimdatioafot pbila 

■tor. . 

addsd 

Vdlt ii 



,000.000 to cnatcMaV. 2. Tbeeaiuetrfmuai* 

cinal ownenhip receiv(« 

BievciKinthBdcfutof 



: 14. Pre 



ROOK- 

,„. (or the 



Apr. 8. Cunesia shn (S.OC 
Etitute >t Pitutnus. 



Isboren uid 
dismitsal o' 
ths Sun Fi 

theN.V'siockExcbKis*: 
Sec. of the Treasur] 
offori tar«decml25,0Ufl. 

DKDt tmid"" 30.°"'tS 
cbaimun of the Inter 
siato Comnierto Conimia 

of Labor beijin mediiitiai 

forty railroads. 
),0D0 to tbe Caraegie In 

.pr. 8. The Supreme Cour 



an* 


. Wa^es advuiced S 













































































I. The Britiih Colo- 



Kitbdnw educaikuialBid. 






OF UNIVERSAL HISTORY. 



■ ad UedklenburH-Slrelili 

the duchies: 12. The 
Preach battluhip Jina 
blo-nop nt Toufon; 24. 
TruLy between France 

provinces to Iho (omer; 
M. trench iroopi occupy 
Oudja, Morocco. 



Uar 1. Fncce refuses to 
accept the certificaiejiro- 
vided under the Pun 
Food Law (or Americim 
ine:it: H.Tlie Keichtlat 
pjUMs a Genoan-Ameti 



The Nor- 



FrincrSenaia ' ado'p 

bill tot the Bippiw 

oi the adultaatkm OJ 



women based upai 



□f the Conati 
nomulsatet - 
>raIUw:2a.Tlw 



Apr. IS. Hancburfa form* 
ally retumi to Chines* 
rule; Chilpancinao and 
ChiUpa, Mexico, destroy- 
ed by earthquake; 19. 
lloilo, Philippine!, ds- 
. itroyed by fire. 

If ay 3. The Uominican Con- 

■^ itifi=« r 



breiche* between 
in Shaneliai are c] 



TABULAR VIKWS 



amam or Scxiiett, Mc. 

tr 1907 

IdIt 4. C«nt«aan> ol 
Girilwldi'i birth nta- 
b T ■ t • d ttuougbout 
lulr 

ly IT. Pop* Piiu X. 
iHon ■ tyllabui of li^y- 

[aith, the Kripnin*. Md 
•edniutical ■uthorit)'. 
July ilO> Poandation itoii. 
Uid of tbe Cuwgic 
Pilu* ol PoMi at "n* 



murdcilai tr-GovtnuH 
Btennonbais. d Idaho. 

An. a. Pedttal Dutrict 
Coort Htu> the Standard 
Oil Compuy t!aS*0.- 
000. for acGcptinB re- 

circuit and SupnoM 
Taft. 



Colombia and 

Svpt. IS. A Btiit u beflun 
lO federal courla to di>- 



Oot. 17, Mar 



Nov. 17. Central Ameri 
can Peace Conferenci 

opened by Secretary oi 



E.; Berthclol. P. E. M.; 
Carducci. U.) Caiimir- 
Perier. J. P.-, Gartuoo, 
C. P.: drau. M.; Grieg. 
E. H.; Grow. G. A.; 
Gantcr. A. C: Heilprm, 
A.i Joacbim. JoMph: 
Kelvin, Lord; Lamidorl, 
Count; Msnilicld. R.: 
Mendelyef.D.iMiiiaffar. 
rddin. Shah of Penia; 
Mms»n. H.: Mnrgan, 
J, T,;0«»rlV, Kingol 
Sircden; Saint C.au.ltns, 
AuHustuv Sully-Prud. 
homine. H. P.; Theurie, 
A.: Wat»on. Rev. J, 
("ita MulRtea"). 



■dr. The qneitioD of the 

becomaa acute. 
aljSS. PrcaidentRc 

flcation of the siuto 



Atv- S9, Canada t tba 
■opaiatnicture ot the 
■reat cantilever bridge 

River nine milea above 
Quebec collapeei, iritli 
1« of 80 Uvea. 



Sept, 1 !. 



ct. 14. Anti-Japantet 
rioU io San Prancltco. 

tl. 18. Secretary of Wi 
Tafl o^wna the lir 
Philippine Amemhly. 

let. 21. FinsnciaJ cris 
at New York Ciiy; the 

Company and « 
banki auepcnd; an 
panic of J9<I7 folloi 
:ov. le. OklahORii 



Dec. IS. The Un 

Sutn fleet of battle- 
•hips lailt from llamp- 



Butub Ekpikb. 



Dec. 17. Great Drit 



OP UNIVERSAL HISTORY. 



Btimori, eUewbars. 



Julr-Aueiut. Prance: 
period of gtcat diitnc 

■ncB ■mong the iri 



July IT. RuuU: IW 



pen of Zecbrusge. 



Anc. 31. Anslo-Runiii 

tphcrea of control ii 
Alia ligned. 



July iq. Jap»n force* the 

peror of Korea m f^vor 
ol hii •on «.nd the ad- 

^!d™t "^ (ij!'**°"* 

July 31. Monxxan tribea. 

-len attack CaubUnca. 



Ufuit. Hciico: Ths 

the Mexican Ceatral 
railroad). 



peroT William anveili 



Harden tor libdli 
Count von Uoltke; 
«■■ later acquitted. 



Pishtiu bc- 



Third Ruuian 



Dec. 6. Poblio 



«. ]«. Ruuia: Fifty. 
Duma are charged with 



Dec. A. Japan announcea 

il'ed'si'atei and 

IH. Para ind Chile 
iclude their fint 
ty of amity and 



3i6 



TABULAK VIEWS 



1908 J 



AJ>. PuMsaaatD* SociiTT, etc. 

isiBoe 

Jan. 13. Complatlon of 

tha work of eic»v«tinH 
tbo PsuurlTUiU Rail- 



Uhitid Statis, 



boos ■cquitu 
charsB of con 



Oaorse A. Pattl- 

--- utted of the 

■nbuEVt of Idafar 
.... _ U. S. Supni 
Conn declare! Bi 
ployen' Liability La 
nncoiutitutioaal. 
an. 11. Pis. RooHrtit 

C^. H.i™°S*br 

1, 1009. or earlier, a , 

lima foi tha withdnwil 
o( troop*. 

m. 27. Tha Supreme 
Court decidea Ih-* - '- 



D Bcqnina coatnl of 
._e London Tima. 
Jan. 31. Dr. Jameaon. 
'—of Capo ColonTi 



Pab. 3. 




™r 
















e? 






























'r"i>: 




,1^" 





BJffned at WaahinfltoD. 



•si] North Carriina. 



Feb.,e, SlOO,000 paid by 



Mar. 13. The Hoom el 



1908 A.D. 



OF UNIVERSAL HISTORY. 



BUIOFS, dB«rb«T«. 



Jan. la Germiny: S«i 
on* riot* in lh< itrcet 
□[ Bnlia by Socialist 



J^. '^.' 



[an. 9. Italy: Sharp en 

trooni and Abyuiniani 
ia Ae Italiao Somali 



proclaimed Sultan of 



Chamber of Depu 



Feb. 1. Portugal: Eini 
Carlo) at Portugal aoi 

tiiuMd at Liibon; 2. 
Manuel II. prodaiir ' 

Feb'.°f3. Turkey: Kiai -- 
Paaha reaigaa ; succeeded 
by Hilmi Paaha. 

Feb. 30. Russia: Gl 

Stoeasel found Buillr. by 






lb* deteoia of Port 



Mar. Germany: Soffran 
Mta ol Batlio. . 



Clui» (amndCT* 



3i8 



TABUIAK VIEWS 



1908 A.D. 



^ 


Psooins o> SocinT. 


Umm 8t>tbb. 


Butub Bkhic 


isoe 


IQOB 




'ffi,.Sgsr>r4is; 


''Xi.^^^'^'^ 








Briuin. 








'?i4i.°P„^™*HSi£ 








nomiiiatai Tho*. B 


tor. ftnd David Lloird- 








WBt«» for Preudect. 


GeorpiChanolloroffcte 










Eiehaquar. 








irith Japu lisoad >t 










WuhlBgton. 










Apt. 13. The ant con- 










%r«u« o( the B<«r<l of 




















ington. 










AjTriTTbe Vreel.Dd 










Currency BUI puM» 




















tire*. 










^•J;^^!^ " 














"•^"i.^Ttr.a 




"KJi ■teii-a 




Bureau 






ttal)' withdre* troopi 




RepuU 


a Uid u W»ih. 




from the Iilmnd of Crete. 




ingMiu 




'"SpSnu'^- ''~^' 


'TJ^<J^J^.^ 








Old As« PenS^t^BilL 








national reuuccea. 




















■^ "'.tio^ cSntenI 










18." t}om!n»te« Wmlw! 










Ttft for Froident. 






^"Ji^tioQt. 


Tilt Femrf oipe 


'"/SJi^ szss. 


Julr as. The Iruh VnU 




s the North Pole 


veruty Bill puwi the 








mtcti M Denver! 10 


HouB of Coin^^n>. 










July 31. The Houh of 
Cord. p»™. the Old 








fS-Aja;.'- >■"■ 








Age Peniions Bill. 



I90S A.D. 



OP UNIVERSAL mSTORY. 



TbK Wo>i-d, elHwbere. 



Apr- 4- Gomuuir: Th« 
ReicbiUg d«id« tb 

part* of tba Bmpire. 



Apr. II. VenaEiiela dc- 
'*'~L«s tocODnderAmBri- 
. demsnd* (or ubi- 



Ittir «. UKDnd II. Uke* 
oath at office be[cne tbt 
PortogDeM Cortea. 
lav S. Portunl: Tioopi, 
■Iter baavr fiahtina, de- 



Hay .23. Ruuia: 



Ions 13. Praaes! A law 

adoptsd by the Cbam- 
bcr of Deputiei and by 
' 'ic Senate providiat for 



Menelik _ and Italian 

deliDiag boandiiJiM b«- 
tTCen Abywnia and 
Italian Sooialilaad. 
Uav 27. Pern: ABBuno 
B. Lccnia dected Pr«ai> 
dent. 

one Ze. The Bbab of 
Penia declaret martial 
law ttarongboat tail 



I Tutke/i 

an of 187e! "and 



CabiDel. 
July B.. V. 



~). Obaldia elected Preai- 



eipel> Minialet from 



TABULAR VIEWS 



PaoaiBss or Socarr, 



VtiTtwD States. 



ttrtictiOQ of propnty 



it SpnnaMSI m! 



Seot. IS. The BnchuUtic B> 
ConcnM it bali' 
Ltodan. 



l.S. After __. 

« the Spnnsfigld nou. 
■pecUl grand jury 
itDin* 117 udictiDCoU. 



Oct. 1. Th« tuo-ceot 
poitue rmt« between thi 
VDited Sutu and Gtu 
Britwn Epe) into effect. 



Not. 3. The p 



lod^. S. i 



Idk^ 



OP tmiTBRSAL HISTOBY. 



BuKOr^ cUcwhere. 



Kag, 2. Tarker:. In t 

ind"ISl' ri™;d'ly, one' 



tkin inHDgunled by 
YooDB Tuik puty. 
Abb. 20, The Bel^on 
Chember of Deputin 
Eitilin the Conjp nn- 



S«pt,2. Pnate: Atoreeof 
15.000 Moon defeated 
by Frmcb troom 
Boudenib near tbe f 



Oct. SS. Gennan/: Pro- 



twecDHoUandindVene- 
luela became it rained, 
and Holland lendi war- 
Ihip to Veneiuelan 

Sept. 4. RnatU: The Gov- 



Kov. 10. The Ri 






Th* Wovld. ilnwhei* 



Aua. 18. Pcnia; A diido- 






political paiiieA not r 
cogniisd by the autho 

'pt"'9. Belgium: Tf.. 
Senate adopti Congo 



n. Denmark: Ne 
Oct!' 'l2. The Servin 



Cabinet n 
□f the ( 

November. 



Nov. a*. 

afiain 

^ke-Pri 



lept j. V, 
Europe of 



TABUIAS VTBWS 



1908 AJ>.- 



A.D. Progress of Socibiv, c 



k code of lnw. 



irrnun, Sir Henry: Car- 
i I.. King of Portugal; 
eveUnd, Grnver: Gil- 
_«n, D. C.! HMvy. L.; 
Kuana Hgsu, Emptror 
or Chiriii:PrQ«or,Red- 
field; Eardou. Victorlen^ 
Smith. C. E.; Stedmon. 
E. C.T Tii-sn. DowBgEr 
BmpreM o( Chiiu, 

13. Prof. A. L, 



19-20. Celebratiol 
_. CcnteoBTT of Edga 
AUsD Poe. 



Pib. JZ. Cmteu 



n»iTKD States. 



m mlb being in 
1 ia > quntionibli 

ted Hi Uaioo City 
Becret&cy Rool 



, of i 



■ (Of 



le United Statu 



10. 27- The Newfou— 

land Gaherin treity 

XBd at Waihington; 
reby diBerence" b< 
ttreeo V. S. and Cia 
Biiuin ure to be lut 
miCtcd to The Hasue. 
Feb. 13. The [onB-itaTid- 
1^ ■-- difierences belween 



reforT«?to Tl 



Dec. 1. The Hou» of 
Lordi rejscta the Liceoa* 
ingBOI. 



11. Relation* bo- 

aacdlor von Billow 
1 Sii Chulea Hud. 



OF UNIVERSAL HISTORY. 



PhANCB AKD GntNAllT. 



Thb WoiLD. claewhen 



Dae 19. Partus*]: The 
Otbioet itsigat. —' 



IS. Dnth o[ Dowaaer 
BmprcH. 
Dec. 31. China: The iDtant 
heir-mpperont ia pto- 
daiTTiea emperor; re- 
Kncr eeteblUbed nndsr 
Frincc Chan. 



LA uid Heri^ovitkA- 



BriUin. Praoce. Ce 
many. Ruuia, Auitrli 
Huiunry, and Italy, ai 
the Balkan Sutei a' 



1909 
LtjMuZ. China: Tnan 81 
^™'i deposed aa ci 



. 12. Tarkey accept! 



Boaoia and H ertesD viu 



France and Cer- 1 






r ,Bouiia and Her: 



Rebellion tn Pataia 
— cornea formidable, 
n Feb. 15. MeiiioiTheatat 
fire at Aeapulco. Meiico, 

faonud to death. 



TABULAR VIEWS 



Uar. 23. LleataoBn 
Sbackletoo report* hsi 
ing rBBclwd vrithia ii 
milM of Uw Sooth Poll 



M>7 25. Andrew Ci.._. 
gie givca SIiOoOhOoo to 
the Eera fund of Ftwice. 



Unitbd Siatis. 



□t mfl uQiiwi acAtefl. 

tkr. lA. Special Huic 

of Conffreu begina. 

Mw. Id. Proident Tu 
in B msn^ to CoOHra 
tust* revUion of tonS. 

Mar. 17. The Pa;™ 
Tariff Bill introduced in 
Home of Repreaenta- 

lar. 20. CoL Duncan 



,m, e. The Ps] 

Raprewncativet br a 
TotaofZlZtoUl. 






Philadelphia. 
IDC. Tarifl revision de. 
bata occupy the Senate. 



Apr. 29. Chancellor ol 
the Eichequer Uojn)- 
George mtroducea « 
revolutionary badaet in 
Houae of Commaiia. 



Britisb Bhp»b. 



190> 

Mar. 24. New Zealand 
off en a battleahip to tha 



te of 367 to 209. 



OF UNIVBBSAL HISTORV. 



leJCflTsph, 



ths Priusinn potufi 



M«v 13. Gemunv: The 

KBtiDnsl Libenli ind 
RuliciLli withdraw from 
Beichjta^breakiiigCow- 

Clnnenceau luilained 
b/ Chombei of Depu- 



■ WOKLD, elsewt 



The 



Apr. 13. TurlM7! Mi 
of the army in Con 
Unoplg; 14. Nev 
iilry formed under 
fik Puha; 19, 
Young Tub force 
veatConiumlinoplt 

□□ the lilth entei 

cilir; 2S. The SulUn's 

Sbdul H ^id "d^powd 

" .mm, ^ ^^. 



Apr. 30. 
China I 



Minbl 



4*7 4. Tba S!wh,o( Per* 

rf«y."™Rel«lli™ breaki 
out in Suito Domingo; 
2fi. Inflaraenta defeated. 

Jay 21. Revolution 
itarud in Colombia. 



326 



TABUIAB VIEWS 



'. PKOGRSmor Sociaiv.e 



Jair fl. ChampUln Tbt' 



Sept. 14 



Se^ 6. 



. __. Halle*'! com 

..jn (mm the Oniveriity 

tit Hgiddbarg, by Prof. 



S*pt. 13. Com 
Peorr deaia th 

~ :. 2S. Hud» 



Uhitbd States. 



Briuln, uul Au*- 

tria ntuH to 

tlMRBM>.Chlt 



3S. TtM HooM of 




1009 
TbJ7 a 

torn m Tote 
budgM, adojiU 



Ana. B. pTHident T*ft 
■laiii the Pkrno-Aldrich 
TuifffiiU. 

hat- XT. NatioB*! CooMt- 



Sept. 23. Pnaident T»ft 
— m* th* anat Gunoi' 
, timiMl ID Colondo. 



let. II. CharlMlLCivu 
mij|iu as ambouadi 

nnr with Sac. Kaoi. 






IS. Sontb AMna 



Sapt. 17. Tbe Boon ol 
Cominoai pawci Um 
IriahLandNL 



OF UNIVEBSAL HISTORY. 



^. 


PKAMCt AHD OsallAHY. 


b™,^ .,-..„. 


^..^^.^.u„. 


1909 


1900 


1909 


1909 




Jul; 11. Prince von Bfl- 
oamed aa Chascellorc? 


'%.o^iio^'"U^^t 


roceo; conititutionaliita 




the MoorUh war. 




Ii^ 20. Martial !>» de 






the German Empire. 






Jolr 80. France: Res* 




dethroned, and tbe 










Miautry. 




Croira Prince. Sultan 




July 23. M. BriMd 




Ahmed Miria declared 




forma Cabinit. 




Rhallii foimi new vov't! 
July 19. Moonih tribei- 

sriieAVt'iSSiiii^''"'' 

^%i5?U.dfa7r'^i,';imVn'„ 














boundary line. 
Aus. 1. Gonialel Valen- 






A>». IS. Dnunark: Ne* 
Cabinet tormsd under 






cTa became* Pruideat 








o( Colombia. 






Aog.T9. Greece and Tur 


Aui. 27. China; A Coo- 






ititutiao. modelled after 






key leave Cretan guei- 


that of Japan, promol. 






tioninhand»o(tlie(our 


■ated. 






Powen. 








Sept. Ze. The Spaniih 


Sept. Peraian rebdi aue- 








cesstul: refuie to lubmit 






Mdal£,* ""'*"''"* 


nntil Shah eonvokea 
Sept. 1. Chineae- Japan- 






Oct. 13. Spain: Eiecu- 
tton in Barcelona of 


Oct. 10. CivO war iti 






Nicaragua: 19. MuUl 








Ha6d recogniied a> Sul- 








tan of Morocco on con- 
diiion that he guarantee) 






Oct.""!!"' G^e?"'The 
















Oct. 24. Zelaya force* 

badly defeated. 
Oct. is. Peruvian and 






ilhet r.ghl of royal 






princei to hold command 






Oc'l! ' 2l'™'fhe Spaniih 


ratify boundary prolo- 






Cabinet retian^. and 








ScAor Uoret formi new 


0:^20. Prince Itoaaiai- 








linated at Harbin by a 






Oct!"2?."''Denmark: The 


Korean. 






Cabinet and Count Hol- 








(tein nnign: M. Lable 
























Oct. 29. Greece- Naval 













328 



TABULAR VIEWS 



*^. 


PhOCUSS or Socitiv, etc 


Uhite» SiaiES. 


Bhiiish Ehfise. 


1909 


1B09 


IBM 


IBOB 




Nov. 3. Commander 


No*, n. After inveitiga 


Nov.l. TheUoyd-Georw 






tion, it il announced that 


Budget pa»u HouK It 




approved by the Na 


the Sugar Trmt hai de 


CommoiT^ 




t^TTBl GeograpbicB 


prived the Govern men 


Nov, 17. The IriJh Land 




Society. 


of million, in cuatom 


Bill. »ome»hal amended, 
pauei House of Lords. 








Soy. 30. HouK ol Lorda 






■hip tent to Niiata«u» 


retect budget by a vols 
of'350 to 7I 




Dec. 8. Dr. Cook's poUc 


Dec. a.. U. S. troops land 


Dec. 1. New Parliameo. 








tary election! called. 




















faculty of the Uaivariity 








o(_ Coponhai[eo: Utar 








ho had penetcaled aa far 








North u the pole. 








□eatbi ID 1909: Barlh 








Theodore: Bull. W. T. 








h^^rp'.^M,:' ciylei!!'T" 








L.! De Armond. D. A.; 








Gilder, R, W.: Hde, E. 








£.; Hairiman. S. H.; 








Helper. H. R.; Ito, 








Prince Hirobumi; John- 








aon. J. A,: Leopofd 11. 








King of Belgium { Lom- 








broio. Cuare: Meredith. 








George: Miwhell. D. G. 








(■■Ifc Mitvel"): Mod. 






















Halle. Emit; Wright. 












leio 


C. D.i Zaliojlri, E. L. G. 


l""* „ „ 




Jan. 19. The SoDthern 


!^i? 10. King Edward 






to the Powers that the 






saniud at Atlanta. Ga.. 


juriidieliDuof thelnifr- 


ordcri another 10 meet 




ta Reht the book-<iocin 




on Feb. 15. 






at The Hajue be°ex- 
tcndedwutomakeita 
court of arbitral i^sl^ 

Manchurian Railivay of 
Chioa be Boaneed by 

Jan. e. Atty.-GcD. Wick- 














IWe'- 








JiTLj. PreiidentTaftdis- 








miiwt Gilford Pinchol 








friin Poreitry Bureau. 
















Jan. 17. The Separate 








Suteho^ Bill f:.r Ari- 








aona and Kb- Metlco 








»aei the. Houh of 














liMBT^iCihOl 'iU™«ti- 













OF UNIVERSAL HISTORY. 



BuKOPi, clwwber*. 



Nov. 8. Tnnet: Clum- 
ber of Depucia njeett 
bill chmneine mode of 
dcctioa ol mnnben of 



Dsc. 2. Italy: Tha Cibi 
net of Sinor Giolitt 

™«ubliihcd by B^ 

K. Vf, Duth of Kiai 
Leopold II., of Belgium 
ec. 22. PortUEiL: Ngu 



X. 20. NicmngiiB; Tod 
Madiis elected pneioeot 
by Corwrcsa ud Z«iayA 



Dec 23. E 



liiaa am 



Tan. 12. - Cernuny 

wrovu'of An 
ijicy in Manchu 
, 20. Francs: 



L. 11. Tnrkay: Halcka 



in. 22. The Knox plan 

churiao Railroad 
iected by Ruiaia i 

lowinJI day by Gj 
Britam and Prance. 



TABULAR VIEWB 



UmaD SiAiu. 



Frtk 91, Kins Bdwwd 



HkT., 3L Pmnbr A» 



nilea by 



Inr. IS. Rnoluti 
HouM ol R«pr 



pr. 6. The SocUliiU 
emny tha municipal < ' 
tiou of Milwaukn. 
Kpr. 9. The Dcgro 



court of ths Bro*niviU« 



Apr. 14. The Hoiua of 
Commoni, by ■ vot. ot 
351 to 246, j>fu the 

veto power of the House 
of Lord*. 
Apr. 28. The House at 
Lords ftdopta the Bod- 



OF UNIVERSAL HISTOKY. 



1. S, GmoMnf. TmziB 



S33 



StHtc* ■pproTed 



EuROPC dMwhere. 

ISID 
Peb. I. Sirsdeai M 

Cibloet. 
Fab. 8. SpuniTtasMon 

VinUtrx overthro-c 
rpor CatuIvjju Iotth 

- Daw Cabinst. 
Tab. la. Spkla: The Goi 

)pe o( plant to ntvii 
e eonwrdai with tb 
.atic»n. 
Feb.. ,27. Ruuia! Th 



Hu. S. B«rila: 

SodduU. in deGu. 

police, hold ■ lugs op«n 



The World, dMwhcn. 

SIO 

'th.i. Mttti(»:T1nMBii- 
can PaclriiuF Companr 
fiU> with lutbilitiu of 
137,000.000. 

'ab. 18. Nicuagna: Fed- 
end armr defeated, at 
San Viceato, by the 

Fab. aT Enpt: PmIu 
BOBtroe, the Premier, 
ananinated by a N*. 
tiooalUt (tudenC 

Pab. 23. China: Impeiial 
troop* occupy Lauat 



Italian Cabinet. 



[>r. 'aS?' . 






Italy: The Pope 



» of Albanian dam- 



Mullah if reported to 
havo daitroyed many 
towoi and loUad bun* 
dredt of tribcameo. 
Apr. 11: China: The for- 
eien loiwona of Chans- 
■ha daitroysi by riotot. 
Dr. 3 7. VcDUucla: 
SMOr J. V. Go ma* 
dectad Pr 



TABDUUt TIEW8 



4 pKXUm OF SOCIBTT, CtC. 



IUt 4. Umtowwt Pktt U 

from ths Koy>t 0*0' 
_aru>likal SodMjr. 
lUerO. Thaouthpa 
thnn«h Un Uil 
Billay*! oomM. 



Umnw Statu. 



.fuhuuton ol 

■Bttlomant a prop. 

OUOOM lUillOKd 1l 



Dsatli of King 



leio 

Mar e. 

&l<n 

Uaj 7. Ccorsa V. pro- 
cbinwd Kins of Gnat 



U. 9. ua to 



iAALDriLrv Coa 
held iD London 
21. The Par 
mr ol Medici 
uncd diicovcr 
ti-lyphoLd vaci 



JaoM 10. Tbs Twten 
Umon Tdegnph Com- 
pany indicted by Federal 
Otaod Juij under Sher- 
man Anti-Truit Law: 



Jraw la fllr Chu. Hud- 
inn a,n>oiat«d mcecor 



le 20. PrM. Taft lipl 



risi; 



,°'£.P 



Tbe Britiih Par* 



OF UNIVERSAL HISTOEY. 



PlAHCK AMD GraMAHT. 



Tb« WOKLD. clKwhot 



Uajr 13. Riu^: Bieol- 
Hon of Jbwi ronunfld at 



ParlameiitarT acUntv: 
elKtonl nfoRQ. im- 
pro«d budget meai 



one 7. Italr: Sonthtrn 
Italr ahakea by a leven 
authquakei Mesiin* at- 
moat datroyed and 
ZOC^Opp penona lo*c 



pjoiimaMly 1000 bems 

Mar 11. Parn &nd Ecua- 

'~~ mobiliia troopa in 

14. Egifpt: Ei-'PtM. 

_- Jtudenti. 
Miv 30. Inception of tha 
Qi1oa;»l Federation o( 
United South Africa; 
ex-Prea. Rooaevelt. at 
Guild lull, in London, 
■dvtaea Bnglaad to lup- 

S:«M anarch]; or let 
gypt govern itietf . 
Jane i. Peru and Ecua- 
dor withdraw troopli 
accepting mediation br 
tha United Statai, 
Bruil, and Aisantia*. 



Mr 7. Spain: King Al. 




fonio iigoa a bill pn> 












den until the negotia. 




tioni with the Vatican 




are aatiafactorily con 








Wj 29. Spain: Thn 




■eltlBment haviog'becn 
AugTzS. MontenegiD be- 




Auit. 18. Seflot Pedro 


come* ft kingdom, with 


former Prince Nioholaj 




uKing. 


Aog. 21. Nicaragua; The 










Aug. 21. Japan lormallr 

AaE.'2e. Panamar Carloa 
Mendoia elected Prai- 








A^'-s'^iS^^^^'&en. 









TAfiUIAE VIEWS 



... 


PiocussorSociBtT.stc. 


OmitidSutbs. 


BKima Zunmt. 


1910 


IBIO 


1910 


IBIO 




tion-l Court o( Arbitra- 


^f„'- a ■!£,* 






tion at Ths Hague de- 


fe.'rai;,%,Sj 






cide* the Newfoundland 






fisheriei controveny. 


by Prosidml Taft. 






which had endured, in 


Sept. 27, Pros. Taft place. 






the hiitory of"^mt«l 


all a wiitan t pMtnmten 






^.dltknu. ' 








Oct. 17. Great Brlti^ 




Patrick'i Catbedral in 








New York. 








Oct. 16. Walt« WeUman 




month*, to occupy cer- 




and ■ crew of G<e at- 




tain districts of umat 








in Persia. 




m^b^t' in d^i^e 4"^ 
ship, Amtrica IV.: the 








"fTw^ the partr and 














■hip ate rocu^ in mid- 








o<»a<i br U» .learner 








!>«(. 








Nov. Waihineton itanti 


Nov. 8. The general elec- 








tion lesulu tn sweeping 


of British Cabinet. 








Nov. B- Eogliab, French. 






H™^^' R*yp?'«nta.° 


and German bank. Mgn 














u""° '" '««"°'""- 


"paW^Ih"! Ame'riun 
syndicate in making a 
loan of J5O.OO0.0O0 to 

Hou^'irf I^S-dria^intW^ 

U^Crewe " body by 

Kov.^22. British suSra- 




Dee. 10. Puccini's op«f« 




ESSth™d Aiu^TiM 




Tlit Girl of Iht CM,n 






»'<if,it<aagfortheBnt 




Birr^ll. 




time at thf Metropoli 
tan Opera Houie. New 




Nov. 28- Partiament dis- 






served and new election* 




York.*^ 










D«. 7. Secretary of the 


Dee. .19. The .general 




Death! in 1910: Asiwii 
Cariiite. 1^ Gj^i Clem^s 


Interior BalUnger is vm 






dicated by the Congres- 
sional Committee o? in- 


alition majority (or th« 












Dec. 12. Pres. Toft ap- 






VII. :' Fuiler." M, W. 


point! Edward D. WhiU 
Chief Justice of the 






lohn; McEnery, S. D. 






















v 


sS^sSiote; 






A 


ToUtoi. Count Lwk 







OF VNIVERSAI, BtSTORY. 



Prahci akd Gduiaht. 



M. Briaad. tha pn 

foimi aoother. 
Noy. S. Socikliiu 
Cktbolici (nil IE Bttemnt 
to vote lack of confi- 



S«pt. Spaio : Scrimu rioU, 
occwooed by tha atrilH 
of coal mioen, occnr ii 



Odobat. Portugal: Scr! 

break* occur in Liibon. 

Oct. a. Tbe royal family 

of Portiual taJua relufle 

at Gibniur. 



and Sute. 
Oct. 30. Ba-Premie 
Franco arreatcd a 
cbargea of abuse c 

ic Nov. B. PortuBal: Rove 
-■ lutioniiU abdiih Mot 
archr and catabliih _ 
Republic ; King Manuel 






Cort«a wtiri 

bill" tor^iddin 



Iding, far to 
further cn> 



Thi Vouj>, daewbere. 



I himutf PrMide 




1. Gen. Porfiiio 

iai inauguratod Prea. 

Muico tot tichth 



336 



TABDUUt VIEWS 



Uhitbd SiAtn. 



BuTUKBKfns. 



1 IBll _ 
Ju. 9. Tfaa Bnt 8mth ]t 
Americui Poatal Con- 

Jsn. 11. KaiMT WUiun 
tl.'> Society for Uw Pro- 
footioo o( Scientific Re- 
ftsrch iaformallT oponed 
in Berlin. 

Ju. 20. Andrew Cune- J 
gie ftddi f 10,000,000 to 
■'-- --■• -f the 



ficatiotu lor th* old ua 
e In th* United 



l£i«doi 



■n. S3. Dlieninc mt Puii 



Waibmirton, D. C 



(or ftn krtritimtion tnaty 
betvean the U- T -' 
GiMt BriUin- 
in. 11. PnL Taft, la a 
■pecid mMMue. Mk> I 
foi 111,000,000 to tortily 
the Puwnui Canil. 
m. IS. The WnyB and 
Meana Comniittea givz- 
pomr to appoint eon 

pmiFkl of the HouM. _ 



in. 2S- The Duke of 

Connaoffht appointee' 
•- Earl G 



1 Gtn 



Jan. 30. , The Bill cr 



n Feb. I. Hrlina oonvkted 

- tot libelling George V. 
Feb. e. The Houu ot 



Feb. 21. Treat] 






32i to 222. t 



m the 



d Fob. 



Har. 29. Tereentenary ot 
"■- Authoriied Vereion 
he Bible it odebratcd 



the Senate i> conarm 
by a vote of 46 to 30. 
Sk. 3. Pres. Taft lig . 
a bill aboliAhing federal 



Parlian 

Empin anu IH inicniiua 
to control iti fiical poli* 

uV^l. Sir Tama Ward, 
pTcmierof New Zealand. 

Council and graduated 

periai fleet. 



;in^ it! 



Ballincer at Secretary 
of the Interior; W. LI 
Fi)her appointed ic ' 



ra 



Supreme Court. 



OF UNIVBRSAI. HISTORT. 



Feiancb and Gguuny. 



H' Jan. 7. tUl^: A CDmmii 
mind that the ItaliH 



Jsn. 10. ShIvuIot: 



Feb. S4. Frai 



Feb. 27. Reil 



e Feb. 2S. Buleonit: I 



Mi;. 7. G«m.n7! 

Chancellor wanii 
Vatican aeiimit >■ 
decreci orVlli af[. 
GermBna oUhom 
cotuultinc the Gov 
Mar. 10. The C 

adopted in Fiaao 



St. Poterjborg, 
Mar. tl. lUlyiThcl 
of thicty Ncapoli 



Mar. 27. Maden 



TABULAR VIEWS 



. pKDGUSSor Sociitv. etc. 



Chited States. 



39. The IdMrn*- 



Apr. 4. CdDgreu meeU i 



^ki 






Maf 1. Suprems Cou 
dicida that the (eden 

the" SuT«? conlroli'fo' 



□iltatypubliclibniry. 1 



Mat 15. The Houie of 
Rep. Lppomti m 



of tbe Steel Ttui 
Henry L. Stimioa lut 
ceedt Jacob M, Dii 



monthi; didtinauish^ 
between reasonable an 



Jiine'l. A lUtueoI Victor. 
Emmanuel II. unveiled 
by Kins o< Italy. 



lu Tobacco Coi 
The Sena 



British BtcriBK. 



Apr. 2. Dflceonial ceniu* 
--'-en in United Kina- 
n; woman luffrafliita 






;ial treaty; 21, 

John Redmond, ipeak- 
ing at Holyhead. lUtea 
that Iri>h _party will 
vote [or Welih Dia. 
e«Ublishment BiU. 
pr. 34. Pailiai 



!mblei . J 



- besini 



' 4. yoyd-GeoTffe in-> 
oducei National fniui- 
ice Bill in Commons. 



May la. The Parliai 



panel Hoiue of Lorda. 



June 22. The coronation 
of Gcotve V. and Oueen 
Mary talces place in 
Weltminatei Abbey. 



OF UNIVERSAL HISTORY. 



3T four iJaya ' peoco. 



May 21. 



The. PQ[K i58U 



Ma/ 25. ioifirio Dial 
gm M Pro. o[ M« 
and FiaaciscQ di 



nany:R(<chi' 
s WorkinE- 



func 7. Cernwny 



Jun. .23. 

niitry of 
ealedand 



)f Monii 

.._.itrv [Qrii: 
M. CiuUaiu 



June & Bdsiam: Realg- 
nation □[ Schdlaert 
Cabinet on failure of 
the Eduntion BUI. 

June 14. New miniitry 
formed under M. de 

Jnne^?"usrria! The Pre- 
Baion Gautach. 



Juna 13. Penia: W. Mor- 
gan ShuAter. Ameficaa 

charge of Feniaa 



P»rt of tt 



TABUUR VIEWS 



July 26. nnimtnl Rse 



July 26. n 



July IT.. Tbe &eut< 



law IB. 
fia t 



UnilHl Stats aud Gni 

luly 2S. The Rsciproeil 
"^ BUI p&ucd by Couerc 

T»tt. "*" " 

July 27. Tho LaFollct 

com promise Wool Di 

puicd by tfai Senate. 



fiuiiSH Ehviiii 



July 5. LordLi... .... . 

liamsni Bill adopted in 
the Lord* by a vota il 

uly 13. The Analo- 



jjy2^ 



*'S*e''p^ 



Au^. Ifi. Pres. Tattv; 
and °nTw '"iSciict 



Aug. 17. Prei. Tafl vetoei 
Wool Bill and Pvmera' 
Pr«e Lilt Bill. 



PTCT-Tafl 
s Bill. 

J. PTM. ' 

a 15.000 n 



al Sept, IS. _PrM. Tatt be- 



of peerfl to carry tho 
Ju^~' 24.. Canada: Tlie 

>iDD Puliameut db 

nds tliBC Recipnicity 

. baaubmltted ts the 

Jul/aB; 'cl^a;P™niM. 



vote of :!46 to 346. 
lUb. 8. Cam moDi reject 

the amendments of the 



mrnt Bill; the Housi 

ini membet» an uS. 
lalary of £40a 



Sept. SI. Canada; the 



OF UNIVERSAL BISTOET. 



A.P. 


PUHCB AIID GUMANV. 






IMl 


Wtl 


1911 


1911 




1'%J- Ge™«>3^: The 


July 10. RuBla Intormi 
GBmutny that ihe wil 






pmboat to Agadir to 
















. aU in Morocco. 


"i.'LSl:',s^ 












that Germiny demandi 










Albanlana near Ipelc 






French Congo for loie- 


July 31. RoHia: The 
Oonrnnent demand) 






the diamiiul at Shutter 








as Financial Agent of 








Pec«a. ^ 






Aug. 3. Prance: The rail- 


Aug. >. The Albanian 


*'£^»?a.°1?3! 




way men adopt a reao- 


ESrsas'rfS.t 




lution aeainit Sabctaii. 
Aug, 1. It ii reported 


desk 




j;3ss».%'^i..^ 






Waochler aud M. Cam- 


Hantiel Arriaga electee 






bon arrive at an agree- 
















Se^"lT 'Ruuit: M. Sto 
lypia. the Premier, mor- 
ufiy Wounded at kieU 














18. Premier Stolypin 








di«; la. M. KokovtwS 








appointed Prime Min 






^otainNSSJ^'prT™ 


Sept.*^'28. Italy! After 
loog nefcotialion* pje 


=-e,4.ie.f.„"s! 






Bolivians at Manuripe. 






^'EJ^^S.-TcSZ- 




at Jena. 


key: 29. No latiif action 












declares war on Turkey 








30. The Turkish. Min- 








Si^^^TurkeJ ap™^ 
to Powers; lUly bom- 
















^SJiM^Tl^'kldo 'rf 








Tripoliian coast. 








Sept. 29. Sweden: In the 








Btneral elecliona. the 
Conwrviilivei are de- 








feated, and M. Lindman 








rdigDiM Premier. 





TABULAR VIEWS 



sHBssorSociery, i 



No*, e. Dediei 



Deattai ia IQll: Ab- 
bey, B. A.; Bigelow 
Joho: Clarke, Sir C. P.^ 
bilke. Sir ChM.: Dry- 
den. J- P.; Ptye. W. p.; 
GUbcrt, Sir W. S.: Hat- 
l&a. J. M.i HigBinaon, 
T,W.;Hoolier.SirJ.D.; 
" LuMve. Henri; John- 
, T. L,; Komuf», 
rqui) J.; M»reb. P. 
Mills, R. a; Mot- 



et. 19. ChiirniKn N. W. 
U. S. ifiti^il Mone^ 



ciiricacv nform. 



. 13. The SuIk re- 
lutioci providing for 
e abrogation of tbr 
=Bly o( 1832 "filh Rus- 
> possa HouK by a 
ite of 300 lo 1. 
. 15. Plsn for the 
swlutionof theSUnd 
d Oil Company ii 



Dtc 2. The McNan 



Oct. 6. Caaada: Mr. Bor- 



that the Irmly of 1832. 
under which Ruuia hat 
((eluded Jewish Amef- 
iuD eiliteni. t.ill be 
■brocatcd on Dec. 31. 



lov. 11. KingCeoieeV. 
leaves England lor Indi» 



naught, the Archbiihop 
of Canterbury, and Lord 



s 



Dec. IS. The 



OF UNIVERSAL BISTORT. 






EumopB, aboirheic. 



The WOKUi, dMwhere. 



.. 18. QermaDy: TIk 



Pmderrck the Grei 



. Ggrm»y 



Oct. 3. ItalT 

mpleta blocfcule of 

'i SaTd'puhi formi 

_.w Torkah Miniilry. 

Ocl. S. , Italian flag niKd 



ncuco T. Madero 
...jtedPraideat. 
Oct. 14. China: Becaua 



Oct. la. Maiico: Fight- 
ing between Mftderittiu 

Oct. 19. Peraia appeata 
Gnat Britain for aa. 



Nov. 2. Pranca and Ger- 1 
oncemin^ exchanga 



Jt Nov. 8. ThB Portu 

> Cabinet naigu. 

^ Nov. 11. Portugal: Kew 
mioiatry formed i ' 
Sanboi Vaaeoneslle 



a republic 
Oct. 30. Chinai The Em- 
peror granta a conatitq. 

No"°8. 

Briuin'. ...__ 

Penian aflain. 
Nov. 1*. China: An in 
penal edict commaac 
Ynaa Shih-kai to acce] 
premienbip; 2S. Revi 



Dee. 30. Fnncei The D 



t3MW 



1. IlonU Modi ai 

Sbiuteij 3. Sends 



1. China: Rebda 
>ture Nanldogi 6. 
nee ChuD. Che rnent, 
licatee. and goardiana 
: appointed for infant 



Penia yicldi to 
maiuti of Ruiai 
miiMa SbaMcr. 



TABULAR VIEWS 



AJ>. 


Pkocros 


or SocniTT, etc 


Vtnrwo SiATK. 


BUTISH Bkmu. 


1012 


1913 




Jan. *. Ptm. Tafl iuuei 
M*eii«> to the American, 


IBia 
















Union of Statei. 










Jan. 14. The Supmne 










Court decide* that the 










amended Employee' 










LUbililr Law i* conili- 










Janf 18. Pre.. Taft noli- 










fiea the Cuban Govcm- 




















will Twult onlMi the 










mdiUry , aulhontiei 










«aK to mtericrv In 










civil .ffaini. 










Jan, 20. Clarence S. Dar 










row indicted on charge 










0( bribing McNamara 










Pericf The Senate Com- 


Feb. 14. BOI (or the dia. 








mittee on PhvUegei and 






















House of Commoiu, 








Wisconiin. from chargei 




















P.b.''i4r''pra;Tatl pro 










claimi the admiasion of 










Arizona to atauhood. 




















decidw.that. in accord. 




















tional guaranty, it ii 










lunction of Congreai to 




















not the adoption of th< 










initiative and referen- 




















ment of a Stale Hnteput 










^ linn in form. 




















writca to seven gover- 






























tion for Preside nl. 






Mar. 7. 


AiuuodisB, the 


Mar. 2. Pr^a. Tail iasucs 


Mar. 1. General strike ot 










coal miners. begiM in 






the"«™very of 








the So 


Ih Pole, which 








hereac 


ed on D»c. ii 


War.7. The Senate, iiftci 
adopting certain amend- 


pen d' operation, and in- 

duitriea Ecnerally suffer. 

Mar. 21. Rlmimum Wage 
















Brilftin and France. 


BiJl passes House of 








Mar. H. Pre.. Tafl for- 


Commons, and House 








bid* ihipmeat of anna 


of. Lords on the i«lh; 








intoUeiico. 


Mar. Suffragetta be> 



OF UNIVERSAL HISTOBT. 



PSAHCB AND Gh 



I«ling foUon 
of Fruich I 
ItslUn nnl 
Italy); mattei 
ttrtta U> krbic 



irtmcnt abolUho lyi- 

>; Seiuite ratifl«,Ma- 

Peb^^GwM™" In' „-.. 
erml dectiont, tbg Social- 
uta TQak« remarkable 



EuBOFB, elHirhcre. 



Red S«a between Italia 



1. Wsttphalian 

■mpathy 1 

Pranca wtab- 



CouDtKhuen-Hcdev 



Tbb Wobui. ebavbere. 



Eladio Vic tenia dected 
Pioident. 
Feb. 12. China; The Em- 
peror abdicates, and a 
Republic ii HUbliihedi 
IS. Yuan Shih-kal 
' cted Pr«ideat bjr tbB 



Mar. 21. Paragnar: Tb» 

GowBToment overlhrowo 

t^MrllNa'iil^ ' 

Mar. S9. China: Tang- 



346 



TABULAR VIEWS 



A.D. pKOGRnSOrSoCIKTI. etc. 



Apr. IS. Miu Han 
Quimby, ■ wonuia I 
(tor fliH acroH 






pnncad bj Dt. QrauU 



Apr. 1. Wocd BUI pun 

Apr. 27. CommittM od 
Buikinc and Currency 
in HouM besin inT«ti- 
ntioo <d Oia Moaey 

pr. 29. Inqulrr ordered 
b^ tbe Senau iotD con- 
tnbudoni and campaign 
fund* for the ytmn 19(M- 

laj 17. Eumno V. Deba 
nomisated for Preiideni 
by the Socialiit Nfttional 

[ay 3& Tbe Smith Com' 
mittee of loqairy of the 
Senate make icport on 
tbe linkinc of the Ti 

[ayU. Stad Bm paiaei 



Jane 8. Hmnorlal 

Chriit<mher ColumL-. 
unveiled M Waihinston. 
D. C 



July at- Krat Intemi 
•'□nal CongTcu on Ei 
inica helcTin Londoc 
ral. HerKheU Paiki 



it of Mt. hlcKii 



June IS. Republici 



new Progreaiive P 

una 25. Demc 
National Conventi 
imblei at Baltinx 



July 2. 



..Woodi_ 

_-.nina j^^oo. .... 

JuiyTl. HouMrfRt, 

July 13. Senator Larimer 

July 29. Lieutenant B(*l(- 
er. of the New York 
Cit)F Police, airesied (or 



K. 



grafting piactiaei 



fiuTisa BMPnuE, 



pr. 16. The White Star 
liner Tiiaiit (tiikei ice- 
berg off the cout of Sew- 



kpr. 17. The propoied 

open equally to lil 
Powe™: Great Briuia, 
Pnjice, G crmany Japan. 
RuBiia. and the Uiuted 
Sutea. 
Jay a. Titanic inquiry 
opena tinder preaidency 
ofLord Meney. 



endi July 2B- 
Jay-Jilne. Diacoauo: 
in Houaa of Comma 
conceminc Iiiah Uoo 



June 12. Col. J. E. B. 
Seeley become! Secr<h 



3(BS. declinatoei 
[Jlster from opent 
Elome Rule Bill. 



MacKemie Minislr; 



OF UNIVERSAL BISTORT. 



Hj^SiI 



intro^unxfui 



tMCbltU. 






PftuI Duchinel elected 
Pieiidint d( Clumber r ' 
Deaulia in plue at h 
Bnuoii (deeoaied). 
June 30. Pmnce: Cell 

ccntauu? ot Rooiieaii, 



July 9. Prance; Chamber 



g"« 



I hy Op- 



BUBOPE, «lMvb 



Apr. 18. ttalifm wnnhipi 
^mburd [oru at en- 
tnnce ot Daiduiellca. 
.[n. 21. Amtria-Kunff- 
gary: Georgs Laluci b«- 

Ai>r. 30. Portugal : Royal- 



Mav IS. Sing Frsderick 
irf DeDmaik diet and ■■ 
Lcceeded by Chriitian 



ain E. HnpgaiTi S 
o( ■ad ditorder 

in Chamber who 
oppooeota ol the 
Aimr Bill an eij 
by the poUce. 



bctwaen Italiaoi ai 
Arab* continues in T: 

Juir B. Italy; Trial 
the CamonisU at \ 
t«rba anda, and tweni 

priaonment varying from 

ilr*I7. fnrl^iJ^Min. 
iatiT onder Said Paih* 
reiigna. and it mcceeded. 
OD I«th, by Tewfik 
Paiha;on tht -"--' 

Uukhtar Pa 



Thb Woud, elsewhe 



Apr. 17. 

u, sT 



Lb Cheng-Nik 



Jul^ 20. Japan: Mutan< 
biCo, Emperor □[ Japax. 
djea: he la ■ucceeded on 
the 3ath by hia KiB 
Yoahitiito. 



348 



TABULAX VIKWS 



. PaoeKira o* Socibtv. etc. 



Umitio SlAIlS. 



Au. It. Tha Duk> 
Conn&natit d*dici 

Nmtioiul MBmoriat , 

Non Scotian Amaahly. 



—Aaa.l. Tha Monro* Doe- 

d*dicatM tcina «»t «i id «d , by Lodae 
■ • ^^ ■ ■ 1 in tb* Senau. 



far jBTHnWiyting P. a. 



ti*M aod mc 

ttoo to Goptnl induitiial 




,t Talt 

Aog. 14, Stect and Ii 
TariS ReviiEon B_, 
irhlch WH vetoed by 
Pfea. Taf t, ii passed " 
bU veto by Kouh 
Rep., >- -- ■■- 



Prof. ' 



Sept. «. Eifhth Interna- Si 
/ilhjalma 

L^^'at:' 
Zuricb. 
Sept. 30. p^nine^c^ the 

naliVmi. 



' Senat 



..d in tL., . 

13. The 

tea Government de- 






It Ckdui 






change ideu r dative Ic 
■ itDktioa in Baikal 
Stmtaa. 



Trade Union Congreu at 

Syni^uligm and re-af- 
lirmi ita support ot in- 
ept. 19. After mating 

Ho'm" rIj" "tnsler 
Unionists ■ign a.SoIenm 



op UNIVERSAL HISTORY. 



Aaa. 17. Prance ai 
of CountBerchi 



id Turin. 
. S. Turkiih 



Tmb Wokld, elHwhe 



7. Ruua uid J*ii«a 



--Jgoita nude Pntideat 

after death of Lecoote- 

AuB. IB. Peru: Guillermo 

B. BiUiocbant elected 



PelenbDie lor ten yean 

Sept. g. Servia: The 

TripltoTitch Ministry re- 



Sent. 30. Th< 

power*. Bulgaiui, <>■ 
MontenecTO. And Gi 



Paihitch 
Baikal 



TABULAK VIEWS 



A.D. 


PKocun* OF Soanr. etc 


UKIttO St*t(s. 


BMHUH Shp»>. 


1913 


1»U 


1913 


1913 






Oct.— The a»pp Com 


Oct. 23. HOBH o( Com- 






mitt« continue! inne- 


mou epiioinU eommiV 






tisatXHu; 4. Ei-Pren 








dant Koosenlt admiu 


■Ilagod ttracitiea in the 








PntHm.ro dirtrict ol 






aS.'i-.-rJs 


P«B. 












tlut they lecaied nnr 








mataiial tdnnUae » ■ 








Oct. 6. IInitedStat<Binft- 








riws cptnte Lion, the 








































Oct. 7. TriJ oi Lient. 








BMker bepni ia New 








York CllyT 
Oct. 14. Attempted u- 






















velt In M.1«.ul»e. 








Oct. 24. Becker found 








euatjr. 






No*.S2. CMBbridEoUn!- 
Tcnitr BbolitbM rule 


Not. 4. Sopreme Cotut 


-z-uUin, J.T 




limitina di-rinitr dcsT» 


f^Sd^a/rS™^"" 


».Tfrc„™™.... 






N0¥. 6. ThBBenendeloo 
tion renlti Id lucceu 


(«lrf by 22 TOIei dnr- 












WUun >Dd MknluJl 


Home Rule BUI. 




grunl compleW nifliiie 










ne^. for^ftSidint^d 


ettempt made by maU 


i 




Vico-PuBdent. 


SSTJ.'"""* 



OF UmVBRSAL BISTOKY. 



Oct. 6. Pnmlei 
■ubmlU proi 
the Powen »h 



Oct. 11. OermBny: Roig 
nation ol Hert Kaempf. 
Preddeat of ReichitaE. 



Pel. 8. Mooteoemo, de 

d«lim war ■Minat Tu r 
key; 9. Attach Turkist 

captures the ^Ianm<ti^ 
and Detchitch mouo 
t-iin.;13. Bi.lgBria.Ser 

nSei Si Tiir"™d e ™d 
ins autmomr f or Mb» 
donia within aixiDOnlhi 
IS. The powen men 
tioned declare vai 



miiajon of uiTettigatioii. 



Turk 
T^ke/iii 



nllalyand 

aovereirnty in Tripoli^ 
22. Kiidjali captured by 
BulgaiiBD), Prutatina b" 
GervtaDi^ B ol^HaoB w i.. 
gr»t viatory at Kirk 
Killiie; 2*. Bulgariai 
advance on Adrianoj)! 

hani sae.ServiamoccuF 
Ulkub; 29-30. Cm 
battle foaght near Lu 






Mukhtai 

and Kia 



The Balkani: 



Crown Prince of Gre. 
IX. Taikey opeot pt 

glw) 17™Servi'Bni c 

ter short Bunperuioi] 
hnCilitiei during 
DegatiAIioni. the wn 



Balkant 
[o». 12. 
Ie;u. Dl 



ceedcd by Archbiihoi^ 



TABULAK VIEWS 



A^. PRoaantovSoanr, e 



Dte. 3. OiTord Unin 
■itjr aboliaha* tula i 



Dakthi 
Tftdei 

BriMOD. HVnni Cku^ 
Icju, Joii! Evui. R.D.: 
Fredsrick VII.. Xing of 
Denmark; Labouchcrt, 
Henry; Lmf, Andnw; 
Liitor, Bania. J.: Lor- 
•on. C: Multuhito. Bm- 
pnot ot Japan; Nosi, 
M.; Rayaar. Iiidon; 
Sherman J. 8.; Stead. 
W. T.; Weaver, J, B. 

1. The Parceli Poil 
roughout the United 



UNiTtD Slam. 



'■l£S 



diacuH the BalkM 

Dec? 21. Britiih Uedleal 
AM'a reject! Gor't'i 
propOMla rcsardinc pro- 
Tuioiu ot laiurasce AcL 



Jan. 13. Judo ArchbUd 
found ffuilCy upon five 
anidea of impeachmeni 
aod dIuualiRed fron: 
ever holding public ofGci 
in the United State.. 

Jan. 23. BiU limiting cam. 
paiga contiibutiooi tc 
iSOOO paiM the Senate 



Feb. 3. The lncam< 
ainendmenttothe 

the required numt 

Fe^t." PrM.°?aft'^ 
Riven and Harbor* Ap- 
propriation BLU. 
eb. 8. HouH o( 
paues the Webb L 
Bill; la Senate i 
Webb Bill; 14. 

Taft vetoes the I 

|rBtion Bill; . 18. The 

of Immigralion Bill, bul 
HouM tusUins it; 2S 
The Senate override!, 
the veto ol the Webb 
Bill. 
Peb. Pre*. Talt declini 



Jan. 16. Tb* Trith Homa 



BuTua BiuiKE. 



Pnmler Botba rea 
3a Pormi new Cal: 
<tc. 16. Bonar Lai 
important epeecli 
Aahton-under-T 



imoni by ■ 
110 (fint 



The Speaker at 



. 13. The Hou 



OF UNIVEKSAL BI5TOKT. 



.... 


PRXNCB AND CEUUXy. 




The WokLd, eliewbere. 


iei2 


igis 


1912 


1912 




Deo. 7. G«m.ny: The 


Doc The Balkan*: Bui- 


•^:J-JT.'l^^. 




Triple AUUnce renend 
without change. 


ssna. Seryia. and Mod- 






Marqui* Sakmji; 19. 




Dec. 23. Piince: Premier 


wit?Tu rkey? b^tGreecl 






Poincar* announces can- 


ibiUins: S. The ligna- 








toriei to the anniitice 
SlJ? it ^^ol: l"" 






















key and the Balkan 








Stite* aaaemble in Lon- 








don for coalerenMi 2a 








The allia leject pKy 








poHlsot Tucker. 




IS 13 


IS13 


iei3 


1918 




Jan. 17. Fnnce: The 


Fan. 22. Torkor: The 


J^lUttJ. S*rioudlK»dM 




National Auemblr t- 


Gov't, decide* to yidd 


cootuDWiaUeiiM. 




Ifcxt Raymond Poincar« 


Adiianople: 23. Thewar 






as Prnidenl; 20. M. 


revolti. because of jiro. 






Aiiitide Briand, after 






re.iBnation of M. Poin- 
caiiT. forma new Cabinet. 


and Naiim Pasha, min- 

Js'^SO. 'The Balkan AI. 
lie* Eivc: notice that the 
armutice has terminated 
and that war •ill be 








Pe™™hi' Balkani: R.- 


Feb. Mmico: A battle Is 




of Socialiats. the Gov't 


■umption of hostilities 
by Alliee and a general 


fousht in the streets o( 




acQuife. majority of 


i"ri,'.S"Tij 




mince of the Reictutag 




Diai: IS. Pres. Madero 
is taken prisoner, and 








docidHi to limit the profi-. 




Viqtori.no Huerta is 








President; 23. ei-Prea. 




TJb'Vs. Ftmcc! Poin- 












aat insuBuratedas 








Preiident. 




being transferred to the 

Feb! 16. Japan: The p»- 
mier. Katsura. and hil 



TABUtAR VIEWS 



*.». 


pROGKm or SociEiT, etc. 


Dhitbd SrATES. 


BuiisB Empire. 


1913 


1»13 


1013 


1913 






Uar. 1. The Hooao over- 


Mar.SS. Winston Charch- 






ridiH Toto Of the Webb 


ill, apeaking in tha 








House of Commons 






Maf.."3. Pint territorial 


urges Great Britain and 
















navS*aaatrucl!oa''lac 






Mar.4.Prt..Taft;i(Mbill 








cnatiDS Department of 
Labor; Woodrow Wilson 
















JrfuS'o'nitod'sutH. "" 








Mar. 17. P™. WilKm 








Mill ipeeial tessioa o( 








£5fu; .. ~™ .1.. 








Mar. 18. Pres. Wilson dis- 














' 


llnkers'lro'm conTfri^l^ 








in the aix-Power Chioeae 
loan group. 








Apr. 3. The U.S. Gov't 








rwogoiiea Republic o( 


PanlthuTSt Motenced to 






Chma. 


three years' imprison- 






Apr. 7. , CoriKreBi con- 


ment OQ charge of in- 






«nB^in extraordinary 


property. 






Apr. a. Seventeenth 








Amendment to the Con- 
























Apr. 19.' PtcB. Wilson 








urges the Stale of Cali- 
















posed legislation, con- 
















land by aliens leu ob- 








jectionable to Japan. 
Apr. 30. The Webb Anti- 














Alicn Land Bill paual 








by Legislature of Call- 






Mar I. The National 


May""*. Gov. Johnwr 






s,-aa"'~-""-' 


siEns A at i- Alien Land 
Bill. 






May 8. .Pint inter-de- 


"'/arf« l^lf "i^^r^. 














House of Represen- 






Votk to comidw lh= 


tatives by a vote of 281 






[»».ibUityo[ uniting all 


tol3B. 






















Peace Conlerence meeu 















OF UNIVBRSAI, HISTORY. 



A.D, 


Pkancb and GnicANv. 


Buaova. eUawhere. 




1B13 


1913 


1913 


1913 




M«. IS. FrMee: Pre- 


War. 8. The Balliana: 


Mar. 7. Me.ico; Huerta 




mier BriiDd ■nd bu 


Janina. -ith 32,000 


deniee that Madero and 




Cabinet naiso. 


trooM, aurrendefi to 


Snare, were murdered. 






Gnik,: The Hungarian 


Mar. 21. Honduras: Preg. 




I'ifthou'SSitnr i^ 


Cbamber enact aaut- 


Manual BoniUa di«, 






!fSrt«i'rancr-"'rwo' 


and is.ucceeded by Vice- 
Pres. Frandsco Ber- 






mem IB. King George 


trand. 






of Greece la aaalaainaWd 








at Salonika; lo. Crown 








Prince Comtanline ii 








proclaimed King o( 
Greece; 20. Adrianople. 














aarrenderi to combined 








force of Bulgariaaa and 








Serviani. 








Mar. 11. Ruiita and 








Auitria-Hungary agree 








to demobiliae troopi on 








the Ruwo-Auitrian 














Apr. 18. Germftnjr: Hert 


Apr. S: The Balfcana: 


Apr. 8. The flrW Parlia- 






capture Scutari. 


ment of the Chlneu 










by charBioE the Krupps 


Api.-May. Negotiations 


Apr. 12. Japan: Tha 




and other Bun manu- 








(actureti mlb bribing 


t^'nBalk^ KiM and 






offi<:e^^ in the War De- 


Turkey. 


to United Stateiagainit 




partmenl and with creat- 








ing war icarca in athei 




ISi™i^ uS/'^SS^ 




poHi^'buuneaaadvLit- 




tion in CjOif omiB. 














UayS. UonteoeEro 


"tLi, ¥ia„?~3 






rUldins to proinre o 








Haiti. 






EteSt^K'™^ evacaatei 


Mar 8. Bolivia: Geo. 






Mav 3a The Balkan 
J&im and Turkey >ig<> 


Ismael Monte* elected 












uS^"' ^^ "' 


Ma^™l" China: The 
Gov't, accept! loan of 

international banldna 

M;y?'^Rebrilion acaiort 














Mexico. 



356 



TABULAR VIEWS 



UHirni Statis. 



ths Battta o( GMtym^ 



Alulu aruti o 
J6," Ill?noii gii 



JunB 10. Tba Snpreme 

Court dKid« that the 
8Cat« have the Tight to 
Bi iatra-itaU railfoad 

C ^-_ - 

of the bankinc and 

Jane 28. Bee. Bryan and 

■rtiitrtttiim agreement 
beCmea UnitiS Statu 



exonerates certain Cabi- 
net mambflra of wronf' 
doing in porahuioc 
ahareaof Uarcoai itocki 



ven« at Thiingue. 
LUK. 28. Dedication 
tlie Palace of Peace i 
The Hague. 



;, li. Prof. Malladr 



j^ ir*^* Senate be- 

^e alleged politicij''Bct1- 
vitiei of Che Natiooal 
Mannfactnring Au'n. 

iig. I. The State De- 

^a" ™ rl^in? " R^Mia . 
and Turkey have de- 

the.Ps'^'D'^-PaeSc si" 

Aug. 

«i 

.0 Mex... 

.ug. 27. Pres. Wa»T 
outlines before Congtes' 
hiiMeiicsQ policy iriiid 



Tariff Bill 



Joly 7. Tba Irjh Homa 
'lule Bill paaaei tha 
ioHM of Common*, tbil 
leing ita aecond paiaaga. 
y 8:_ The Welih Dla. 



uly li. Bill aboliihinc 

Elural voting pauea 
louie of Commoaa. 



of Gov. Sul» 



Oct. tS. The SuIm 
he 11 found guilty of 

he is dcpoWiras gover- 
nor, but not disquslilled 
from holding office. 



Sept. The Uliter d»- 

Sepl. 2D. Great Briuin 
announces , withdrawal 

group of five Powen 
nhichnnstolcndmoner 
to China; it ia alleaed 

let. 22. Lloyd-Oeorge 
makes known pUn of 
the Gov't, tor getting 



OF UNIVERSAL HISTOKY. 



BuBOFC elHwhen. 



Thb Wobld, obeirhCTt. 



June 30. The bUl provii 



> 7. The Power 



Jnly 7, Fmoee; The 

Chamber of Deputies 



Julyb TheBdkuu: Ser- 
vim, declare! var Bgainit 
Balfuia, and capture* 



Jnlv. Seriooi nrodntloa- 

___;thetn China. 
Jolr IS. Bulnriai Dr. 
Dbdbt and CabinM !•• 



r- 7. The French & 



peace between Roama- 
nia, Serria, Montenei — 
and Greece and fiulgi 

Aus. 18. 



Kuer- 
.medi- 
Uaited 



Oct. 6. Rimb and Jap 

oTc^i^ ' *"" 
Oct. 25. Premiff Ron; 
Donei of Spain resia 
27. Eduirdo Data fan 
a Conservative mioiit 



358 



TABULAR VIEWS 



. PaOGKISI O* SOCISTT, «tc 



UNirmo States. 



D«B.I; Piw> WItua Id 



J. P.; Nsbelur, B.^.i 
Om-rier, E.; Picri. A. 
U.i Rochelort. H.; Val- 
Uce, A. R. ; Wcduler, &ii 



noanCH ttut the Ford 
Motor ComMDv will 
*gt uida JlO.OOO.OOO 
of the 19U prof- * 
the btogfit ot tl 

_ Jiinimum wmsici'K 
pw day (or all ' — ■" 

. 13. It ii reported 
from Italy that torpe- 
doei have ocefl exploded 
'~rQinLlcaaway by ultrf 

□veromeDti Va^d[t 
eipeiimenti denie 

. 2B._ The aataicti 



(oUow 
mJtiBt'' with i« fa nnc« 



that ha pUm 

M«aIco. 

tg. Th. 



Jan. 26. Ttw AlHka Rail- 



eb. 4. The Baraett Im- 
mieratioa Bill paua 
the Home of Rep. 
Feb. fl- The Senate enacti 
new m ilitary law to lu- 

FelTlfL JThe Alula RJul. 

at R^rM 




tfaa Koma Rala.i. 

vany npon the priiw 
dplH tauittui by Blr 
Kdmrd Cacaon. 



JaanarT. Clitar 



Home Rola 



OF UNIVERSAL HISTORY. 



I Tbs World, dMirhen. 



313: N( 
Theelet 



11 by * vdW of 3 
__3: Not. 18. Pn 
TbE electofkl rcforn 



poAed} th«reneat, Prince 

u Lud™ 111. 
Nov. 13. Gnsece and Tur- 
key lifia tmty of peace 

lee. 11. SwitierUdi 
Arthar HoffmlD el 
Pnsideat. 

ths Iiiuid of CnU 



Choritie* in Al- 



ut. Schad of cturge 



in. 3. Spud! Kioi Al- 
[onu duKilvea the Cor. 
tci (nd order* t. gemral 

■n. 27. Pottunl: The 
Cibiiiet be*d^ by Dr. 
Allouo CoaU nugoL 

eb. 8. Portucil; Be 
lurdiDO Machido fom 

ebtToTliw^in: Premii 
Albert Stuff reaigi 



fenio in Sweden. 
Feb. II. Ruuia: M. Ko- 
kovtioff, the Preoi' 
reucni: 13. M. Korcr 
kin fomu new mioul 

Bb. Ifl. Sweden: _ 
Knut Hkinmarrkield 
[orma new Coblnet. 

Bb. 21. Prince Will 

of Wied, accepts ttuooe 



Hgxico; Great 



ot Oct. 26. void, 



ho^'ol 



North. 

Dm. 22. King Menelik, 
of Abyiiinik. report«t 



10. Mexico : Gm. 

. Ula wiu the battle of 

Jan.''°1^' China: Pret 
" Shih-kai dunlve* 



linghunt i) depoted and 
exiled br rarolutioniiti. 



36o 



TABULAR VIEWS 



*.„. 


P.oc^„,^„v..„. 


. y„™s,.„.. 


BKms« Bu.^ 


iei4 


1B14 


IBU 


1914 






Mar. E. Pro. Wilarm 


Mar. 2. The Sonth Afri- 






uki Cooareai for repeal 


can Anembly approna 






ol the tolImiMmption 


deportation ol laboc 






dauH of the Panama 


leadera who directed tb> 






Cuud Tdli Act. 


Iat« railroad atriltej 5. 
The Iri*h Horn* Rula 






Mar. IS. Amendment 






erantinB woman luffraae 
aefeatad in Senatti. 


Bill U introduced foi 
B. Premier Asquitti pro- 

poaition nject* the Aa- 
quitb comp^rom««.pR>. 

tion* ot Army officer* 

Ulster; King George 






Apr. 4. See. Danict) tor 


criticiied when ofBcen 






bid* Mrvjc« of iatoiii- 
catioE _ liquon M the 


arc reinstated, but As- 
quith aaaume* itaponsi. 








Sility and *Uta that no 






Outlinea of a praposed' 
treaty with Colombia 








eiemption from duty 
ha* been given to recal- 
citrant omcer*; 3a As- 






become known, in which 
United State? ii to p»y 






quith accept* resigna- 






Colombia^ J25.OO0.O0O 


tion: of CoT. J. E. B. 








Seeley. and assumes the 






a'nd "hat "Colombia")! 


portfolio of war himself; 












Canal; 14. The U. S. 








fleet i> ordered to Tarn- 


PaJira.?ent'"and '' it^nd 








for reelection. 












^•ub^'gXZ 


result of insulM t5 the 






flag by tho Huerta 


tion* for opposition to 






agents; IB. Prea. Wilson 


Home Rule continue in 




limps may be'lighted'by 
witcleu current. 


requeita iiuthority [rom 








Apr. s"' Premier AsquiCh 






ration (or insult* to 


i* rtSlected to Houie ot 






American flag: 20. The 


Commons, unopposed. 
^Sl Fife, Scotland. 
*offi«r; a ""*" ^"'"t'' 






Houu appro^ee the ac- 






lion of the E«ecutive 






and authoriie* use of the 














reparation; 21. Vera 


lead their troops againat 




















ed by Rear- Admiral 








Fletcher; 22. The Sen- 








tfe^«'ident''a"et™on- 








tiderable debate con 








ceming the motives to 








be ascribed fo. action 








2o. Tho U. S. acccpl 








offer of good offices o: 
















Chile; 'm.' Pres.'wilioi 








order* federal troops 








into Colorado because 








ot civil war which virtu- 








ally obUin* there. 





OF UNIVERSAL HISTORY. 



361 



A.O. 


PXANCB AND GlUUHV. 


EuKOPi, duvhae. 


T„W.„.-^.„ 


1914 


ISU 


1914 


1914 




Msr. 16. The ilayini of 


Mir. 1. AltMnU: Bpini. 


Mar. 21. Mexico: Ged. 




Guton CiUmctlg elT.tor 


Vmamakca the lono^i- 
ptctrd attKik on Tor- 




















Mar. 3. Swediih pulia 




eriiis in French CbLnel 


ment , dI»ol»d ST > 




Ki,1,»K "■""» 








rocuea Diet becauM o( 














nwXum auccestot Cmi 


c«n^n.v.l.ppropr». 














IhoM _ deiiriDE greBter 
















M«.'r"t2""Th. PteJ 








mier. Sisnor Giolitti 








rensoi. 








"ii..'i»ffla^te 
















Mar. 11. ServiaaodTur 








Icey lign a (leacw Irealv 














Apr. 1. Fnnce: The Cora. 




Apr. S. Mexico: The re. 
l«li under Geo. Villa 




mittee investigiting the 






Rochette (SBir ceniun 




capture Toireon after 




Caillaui and Monisi 3. 




«;;■"." j:s.°'v£i3 




The Chimber •«(<isa to 






proecute Culliui tni 




Kejoura iofofma the 






Emperor of his inability 
















Count Okuma.. on the 
























Apr. 10. Menico; A party 








ofUnitedSt.l«m«r,n«. 








irr;^["e''d"'L""¥ii^pi'=s: 

and subjected to iniulti^ 








Huerla apologiiei britf- 








ly for arret of marinej; 








19, Huerta refuKi lo 








salute United Slalea 








flaf within the time 








allSted, >. t.. by lia 








o'clock of that day; 83. 








Gen. BuitUloi bocomot 








praident of Veneinelai 
24. The nbeli capture 














Monterey: 27. Huerta 








accept! offer of media' 








lion from the A. B. C 








Powera. 



362 



TABULAR VIEWS 



. PaocBnsovSociBTT.B 



Mar 14. An^o-Aic 
Bipo«itEoBUSb«( 
Bmh. London, i 



Uhitsd Statbi. 



lav S. Ttu admiuiitn- 
tion'i Anti-tTtut Bill i 

RaprtMBtatiTea. 
May 14. Chai. S. Mclle 



I* Now York and N 



Builneu Contocnce j 
Parii. 

Jane 16. Bjr <riU. Jam. 
Campbell. bequutl 

na.txm.ooo to four.. 
hoatntal and medical 
•chool in connectir— 
with St. Louit UniTi 



Gkbat ButAtH A PkakcB 



May 29. 

Pacific 
BmPra, 



lier Suraai and nnk. 



luM 1. Tho HonM of 
Rep. TOta nnaoiniindy 
to eumpt labor organ- 

tioD nnder tbe German 



New York, fail with lU- 
bilitiu of tSO.OOO.OW. 

[air II. Tbe KouK of 
Bepn 



libiiity tor accident on 
the SloTila*. 
lose S. The Pmch Min- 
iitrr TfluoDi; 7. U. A- 

P. Rib^olmi Cabinet. 
biitoiithetint<livi(io[i, 
Juno 12. is defeated by 
a vole of 262 to 306; 



the Army ^gnal Corpe. 
FOB EVENTS 



^ THE GREAT WAR 







rTTln 














linl 






















org. 


































?„; 












tem 








London: the effort I 



OF UNIVERSAL HISTORY. 



*.n. 


GlUIANT AND AUSnUA. 


Ev.,,„-_„.. 




1914 


leu 


1»14 


iei4 

Mays. The South Ameri- 






Uar 38. Albania: The 
rabdi bombard the capi- 

aboard wantaip of lulr. 


will be held at Niamia 
Palli. Canada. 
Hay 13. Menico: Rcbda 

the ncv arbitration 
IreatT witb the D. 8. 

Niaiara announce that 

IS. Gu. Haerta re- 

PiucdKO CaibajaL 



SEE SPECIAL CHRONOLOGY. PAGES 404 TO 451 



TABULAR VIEWS 



.... 


PtooKnsorSociiTT.nc. 


U!OT«D Sr*ncj. 


Q«WTB«T«i.ftPmj««. 


1614 


1»H 


IBM 


J«ir ». ™riti.h flwt 




























der aealed order*. 








Julv 30. Great^ BKt^ 
declinei to pledfla nm- 
tnlity on the baaia of 














tertna offered by Ow- 








many which were in 








effect that Germur 








would Euarantee tbe in- 
















P^ce, but not of tlu 














AuB. 3. Pica. Wilaon 
□Dera the lood offlcM 














pt the UoTlod StatM 
















encM betveoi the Euro- 








ptui ntiona at war. 








Au«. 11. Sanata p>MU 
ttw amerBency ahip bill 








■±;i?s, S'-ss 








Sutet reKistry. 








Aug. 29. HouieofRepre- 








aentativea pa>»« bill 








SonofoVederal hulSu 








(or war riak marine in- 








Au(. — . ■ Many conveo- 








iTonl held in SouEhem 








States to deviae mean! 






Dcth.inieU: 








Amenil, E- B.; Aoki, 


tiona incident to the low 






ViKonnt S.^ Bacon, A. 


price of cotton due to 






0; Bacr, G. P.; Bertil 
Ion. A.; Buckner. S. B. 


the European war. 






SSffi-pfe l-lt 








Phabe; Cullom. S. M. 








Deroulerle. Paul; Dc 








Vinne. Theodore; Dra- 








per. Ebm S.: Pell. Jo. 








teph; Gill. Sir David 








Gfnn. Edirin: Gri.. 








.old. Putnam; Hays* 








Paul; Holland. .1. P. 
















Do waff cr Emnren of 








Keith B. F.:'Ko..uth 








Frnnci.: McBurney 








Charla; Marehe/i 








Mme.; Mcrralli, G. 








Mistral, Frederic: Mitch 








*n. S. Weir; Nordica 








Mme.; Pius X.. Pope 








Rii,. ;ucnb; Stevenson 








Adlai E.: Ptrathcona 








Lord; von Sun nc. Bar 








one..; Swan. Sir J. W. 








Tenniel, Sir John; Wal 








Uce. A- R.; Westing 















OF UNIVERSAL HISTORY. 



The Wokld. elHwhen 



Abb. is. Maiico; Prori- 
-—' "-tmdent '--^- 

■ •fterai 

uy o( I 



GormL.., __ 



Kiio-ohow to Cfaini 



UR. 21. Gown 
City, and in h» 



r. of 



366 



TABULAR VIEWS 



A.D. Pbcicb hs of Soci Biy . s 



LI. Alabama iidopti 

25. Pint tnni 

BnUl tclspbonic 

nication under diiec- 
1 of AlsntDder BelL 
30. S. DakoM abol- 
Fi the death peoaltj- 

S. ArluDBai adoptg 

hibitiOD. 

r., Wiieleu cammu- 
traina eiUbliihed br 



by day establiahcd be 

I^uiina Caaal%Jne. 

May 23. Thomas A. Edi 

F the telcsctibe. an ap 
aratua for recordici 



UmtBD Statbe. 



GRIAlBRITAIHttP 



■illiam I, E 
t of Stat 



J„n=ia S. 
noughMn. 

Vard. 

line 23. Ro 
appoiated 
8Ute. 



OF UNIVERSAL HISTORY. 



367 



*.p. 


GauCAIfT AHD AuiTUA. 


Suaon. elM where. 


Tin WoKui. e]««irtier«. 


1»15 


lOlS 

of Foreign AfFaiH Office. 


iai6 


1BI6 

Jan. 12. Meiico: Ei- 
PrMidentGutierrcKur- 




'f«d *.Qpp™y'rfadS 




"i^iSsr- ""• 






"g.';6,S™-i.S°',1; 


adopt! wonuui luffrag* 






iitry in Italy rcaign*. 

May 20. Genera] Sukh am - 
Unas. Riuaian MiniMa 
of War. reaigni. 








;ane S. Denmarli: Ntw 
Daoiih Constitution 
■igned b^ King Chri^ 

women and reducing the 


June Z7. Meiico: Gmwt- 
ala HuerU and OroKO, 

roted by U. S. official! 



368 



TABDUJt VIEWS 



PrafalbltloB t»- 



jDhr 8. Pnok Holt, k 

MtiiMuIr mrandi J. P. 
UoT^n, >tter b&Ting n- 
^odcd ■ bomb la tht 
CBpttol «t WuhinstoB 
Jiilr *. V. B. t>l« an 
tral ot Sarvflto irirda 

dJJbIt Sl-23. Blcitiikat 



loir 80. B«dkB«i 



Aocoit IT. L«a Flmnk 
Irachad at MarlMtk, O*. 

AoE. 24. ButiDkD KodaJc 
Co. diuolved br U. S. 
Dutriet Attornsy (t 
Buff^o. u .an illcnl 

"Trad? "" 



Abs. ID. 

tebltihia utlonal camp 
M PbtMbnrB, N. T., (oi 
tli« militur tisinini r" 



!pt. 14. So. Canliiu 
adopta prohibltloa (U 
takeeSectIaTi.l.iei«). 
It. 17. Vdhjalmar 6te 



Stat.. 



Sept. IS. Tnatvl 

t. 8. and Hai>i 

HaitiM 



SSS^ 



Ctct. 8. Pm. Wilaan'a i 



Ktwl in Nw Jcruy 



>cC. 13. PoteiEn MlniMCf 
Dclca**«. Df Prance, 

let. IS. Sit Ednrd Car- 
ion reiiaai from Britiik 
Cabinet. 



OP UNIVERSAL HISTORY. 



Gbbuaht and Auitua. Buaorm. eUei 



IS IS 

July 14. Ploodi in uKith- 

cra China drown SaOOO. 
July 31. Chile: Juan 

Lull Sao PucntH elected 

Preaideot of ChQe. 
July 27. Haili: Dr. 

Rowlbo Boba leadi new 
'olntionin Haiti; ei- 



idieo 
July' »?pii 



I ted. 









"iJill* 



iccepti the gaod 
of tlie V. S. and 



TABULAR VIEWS 



. PlOCKSSS or SOCIITT 



reitctsd in New York by 
188.000; in Mu*., "" 
133,000; and in F 
■ylnnU by 63.000. 



n W.; Bilter, K»rl; 

len. Fr»nkT.;C™ne. 

WBlter:CralnianJ*mc> 
T.;CQinrtocli. Anthony; 
Dial, PorGno; Ehrlich, 
Dr. PkuI; Fibre. Jean 
Rcnri;Flint.Dr.Au3tin; 
Forman, Ju.tus Mi1e«; 
Fmhrnim. Chailei: 
Fuller. Frank; Fuller. 
Paul: Gresory, Eliot; 
Gross. Ham; Guild. 



r, Johr 
■e»hofI. 



«; 



Long, John D.; LudlOW. 
Rear- Admiral Nicoll: 





gr,C/ B 


ssri,,; 








F?nV,u 


Ro™ 


■ tea' 























































Woodniff. Col. Charl 



CSBATBillTXt.S&FllATICE. 



lec. 3. Pour official* o[ 
tha Hambuia-Amt 

Line conTicted in 

of conapiiing to [urniih 
(alMinaiiifenitoveiKli 
engaged in lupplyint 
German Warahlpi. 

)«. i. Henry Ford and 



I915 A'^- OF UNIVERSAL HISTOSV. 



ObBUANV AMD AUSTKIH. 



TBI Wouo, •iMwhtra. 



TABULAR VIBWS 



1916 AJ>. 



OKMU BbITAIH ft PftMKK 



Jan. 8. Tbi CommhtM 



^ >■ UnlMlStatM 

tina adDptod Wc Kisat- 
iu ChUdlabor BQl peer. 
Ublting JDti 
ouot^tha 
child Ubor. 



Cb. 10. United Stat« 
Secntkry of War Lind- 
Icv M. GaTTJwn rgtlgiiBd. 



whkh United Ststei h- 
and the ri|ht to build ■ 
in return'™ ol^W^SoO.' 



SecreUry of War; sam 
nation continned by tb 
United StatM Senate. 



bona tcaln Baai Chi- 
hnahoa. iitmeo, an ' 
ibM by Villa baodita. 



Mar,, 1«. Gen., Gallienl 

wSc in"pra^«'"iit 
ceedsd by Gen. RoqnM. 



OP UNIVERSAL HISTORY. 



OlUIAld AND A 



BuaoFB. elKirher*. 



Tbe World, dnwinra. 



Jso. 13.. Tidid WBTCKI 



Jan. 12. AUred BtHMriio 



HiierU died la Texu. 



I. 32. RUHUID Dam 



'. 29. GcD. ChoD 

v bcMQiE Mini! 
War in Rmiia. t 
cdini Gen. PolivaD 



at Su 



h5?Kfn 



lar. 31. Gen. Odlirna 
became Minntnot War 
in Jaun. incceading 
Lieal.-CeD. Dka. 



TABULAR VIEWS 



. Pbocskss or SociBT 



1916 
■Apr. 17. C»pl. Frill 
voa Papaa. MiliUr 
AlUcb* o[ the Gsrma 
Bm baaiy at Waihingtnr 
Capt. Bov-Ed, Iotdk 
Germui Naval Attache 
Capt. Han* Tauicht. 
and otbera tadicied by 
United Sutu Pedi ' 
Grand Jury tor com: 
aty to deatmy Weill 
CuaL 



>r. 33, Sir Ro«er C 
ment. Iriib Nalimu 
with otheri. taken i 
cmer br BTiiiih u 



Apr. 24. 

land. 



-' Revolt In Ire- 






Uay 7. Tbe new canal 

-'; Marwillea. Prance, 

with the lea waiopened. 
*'- - 10. BaroB Wim- 
-...ae resEned hia poet 
as Lord Lieutenant of 
' eland. 
rl2. jMnei Connotiy. 



May 20. Victor Carl. 



1 hourt. 1 n 
between 35o'''and"loS 



M»y25. TheBi 




I9l6 A.D. 



OF xnnvEssAi. histoky. 



BuioPB, elHwberc. 



The Wouj>. aliewhcn. 



Iter 31. Gm. Ckmnn 
' inumded the *rith- 
'kwal oi American 
oopi (rom Hsnco. 



TABULAS VIEWS 



1916 JU> 



Umitbd Statm. 



Qkkat Bmtaih ft Phanck 



una 1. Tlw nommt 

of Lonii D. Bnndi 

■a AHociata Jaitic* of 
the United State* 8b- 

£med hr the Suate. 
ade 2. The Unite 
Statai HoBM of Kapfi 
aentatiTee peia w l th. 
Naval Approiffiation 



ateJnniceottheUnits 
Stataa Sapreme Court. 



une 10. Charlea Bti 
Hb^m and Chai 
WatTsn ?a<ibankB noi 
sated for Prendent a_- 
Vice-Prerident, rteeec- 
tivel y . br the Repub lican 
National Convcntkm. 
Mr. Ha(he« rtainied a* 
AMociate JuRin of the 
United Btatn Supreme 
Court and accepted the 
nomination. Theodore 
RooMvelt and John M. 
Parker nominated for 
Preaident and Vice-Prei- 
ideot reapeclively, by 
the Preireiiiive Nat- — 

Rooae valtdaclined condJ> 



ine IB. Pre«idmt Wil- 
*on called out the ar«an. 
iied militia of fort7-flv( 
StatM and the DiHricl 
of ColumUa for aervice 
on th* Meiican border, 
the National Goard o( 
Teiaj. Ariiona. anf " 
Mexico already bei 

!^r"^'. The U 
Sut«. Hooie of R 
■enUllvca pasied -- 
laraeat aimr budget in 



uno 16. The French 
Chamber of Deputiei. 
entered upoQ the Rnt 
•ecret leuion to be held 
under the Third Rapub- 



Ir Ro«er Ca««- 
on in the Lord 



Lord Chief Jutica of 
Bnflland. to be hannd 
f oThigh tr*a«>o. 



OF UNIVERSAL HISTOKY. 



Sent (J'the 



iTS" 

CollcRg- PelwiB 



Alfndo Rkauc. 



Jnn« 32. ReporU Kceiveii 
the capture o[ the rebel! 



378 



TABUIAR VIEWS 



. Pbocmss or Socinr. * 



>t. 4. Tta* Lincoln Me- 
norial at HodsenTillc, 
Ky.. maiking the bifth- 
}Uc> of Abrahim Lin- 

'he):ta?mn'V"'Sie Lin° 

Preaident Wilton deliv- 
ering the apgech of «c- 






GKBAt But AiH ft Prahc ■. 



alyB. Thorn.. 


MottOi- 






Warden of S 








%Jt S.1,. 










on the around 














t'tS 


of AmbtMador 



Joly 3a Two eiplt 

^ of mDaitioni on Black 
Tom IiUnd. Jeria; 
City. N. I.. cauHd tba 
loM of a hw UvM >ad 



Kvs. 4. Secretary Lani- 
ing and Danish Minister 

the trealT for the 
chaM o( the D 






■on, London, for 



I9i6 AJ>. 



OF UNIVES5AL HISTORY. 



Thb World, die 



Jair 2. RuHian L 

pum bill kceordioa 
ptMinti full civil n-*-'- 



Joly 13. Spain tu«p<Bd«d 
conitltatKiiul auair"- 

tM) *nd procUim 

martial Uw throagfaovt 
the coon try bccanir -' 
the raitnad itnlic. 



: ctatre of the 



oitbe 



Sept. le. A new Cabinet 
wai larmacl in Greece 

beaded by Nikclaa Kalo- 



380 



I. PKOoasn or SoctBTY. • 



TABULAK VIEWS 



DMITBDSTAm. 



I916 A.D. 



QV. 9. The NobBl Prii« 

for Literst 

vu ■WBrdi 



CurtiH BiTpluie. bfok* 
th« Amencmn 1oiia*dii' 
tancs continaoui Elsht 
fECord. She flew from 
ChiOLfa to Hornell, 488 
mile*, witbout ■liihtinf, 
bTekkins th« record 
nud« 17 dayi befon by 
Victor CurlitTKin. 
Dealhiin 1 91 S : Boiucnin. 
Mn. Inn M.LBoldt. 
Ccorsc C: C»iioii 
UmciG.; Dtvii.Henii 
CuiawBv; Davii, Ricb 
■ rd Hardine: Echegaisy 
Don Toii: Ellia. Edwm^ 
S.;Ellij. Mrj. H«vcloclc 
PlKUCt. ^mile; Pttn 

/JiiiC-F4''n'kES'nby" 
Fuller. Ann.; GLIdei 
Jeannette L.; Gr.u. 
Robort; Green, Hetty; 
HiU. Iam«s J.; Huerta. 
Gen.VictoriBno:J>coba, 
Dr. Joseph; Jamei. 
Henry; feellosn, H.r. 



MetchniknII. Prat. Blit 
Moiliy. Col. John S. 

Milnitprbeni, Huga 
Odell. Bcnj.B.; Ransei 
Henry WbM: Rchan 
Ada; R;iey. James Whil 
comb: RinKlmti. Al. 
Salvml. Thomito; Sien 
kiewifi. Henry; Slicel 
Rev. Thoma<R.:Sylva 
Carmen;Toiti.SirFtaD 



QlBAI BUIADI ft PkANCB, 



Pm. WilKin n- 



1916 A.D. 



OF UNIVERSAL HISTORY. 



Thk Wobld, e 



\ov. 9. Ctunollor v 
Bclhmanii-Hollweg 1 
nouDCcd that ifter t 
Mr Germanv would < 



ing of Hungafy. <iin 
: Schdnbrunn Ca>t1> 
•.a! Vienna, at fie ae« 
'eighty-iix. Hisneph- 
K, Archduke ChBi' 



n Affairi of Cbiu 



24. Petrognd ■ 
ThB_RuMi^*pt»' 



Dec. 14. Edmi 



382 



TABULAR VIEWS 



A... 


PacmiM or Socibtv. etc. 


UntTm> St*t». 




leir 


1817 

Jan. 8. TbeUnitedSUtu 
Supreme Court upheld 

the Webb-Ken yon Uv 

the lending o( liqaoi 
•dveniKmenti by mair 


Cheater Harding [or 


1917 




into "dry " tofritory. 


Jan. IT. DaniihWeatlD- 
diet paw to «o»«reigtity 
of United Statei. 






Jan. 23. North Dakota 








adopti woman mffrage. 


Jan. 28. The War De- 

that the Perihing eipe- 
dition had been ordered 
to withdraw from Mexi- 






Feb. 2. Oregon and Ten- 


co. 






neuee adopt prohibi. 








Feb^B. Indiana adopti 








prohibition. 


Feb. 18. Thomai Patten 






Feb. 21. The Home 


appointed Poatmaiter 






adopted the Senate 


for New York. 






quors into Statei which 








prohibit the manufac- 
























■- bone dry." 








Feb. 28. The Hou.e 








paued the Senate bill 








makina the District of 








Mar. 6. President Wilton 








took public oath of ofBce 








for hi» lecond terra and 








delivered his inaugural 








Mar.'8.™The Senate aban- 








doned iti long stand- 
















limited debate.' 








—American marines landed 
















the request of the CivU 






Mar. 11. The New York 








Senate, following action 


Mar. e. The President 






by the House, agreed to 


called the Siity-fillh 






submit a woman. ufftage 


Congre» to meet in e» 






amendment to the yot- 


tta lesiion on April 




V 




lOlh. 





OP UNIVERSAL HISTOBV. 



CSJUUHT AND Aunau. 



BuftofB* alaewl»re. 



Tbe VaiLD, t 



Jan. 20. Seven earth- 
quake in Malar Arcbi- 
pelaao (300 kiUed). 

Jan. 27. The Pre«id«ol 
of Coita Rica. Alfred 
GoBulea, vu dspoied 
by the military loraa. 
Uiniiter of War Fred- 
irico Tisocn became tbe 
admioiatratiTe haad- 



etactiotu for Prendent 



Chamber of Depotit* 



Mar. ae. Owinstoniu 
al Mliln. martial la* 
pToeteinad in Spain. 



384 



TABULAK VIEWS 



.... 




U«it«i> St*™s. 


GUCAT BKtTAlH * FUHCS. 


1»17 


1917 

Apr.l7. TheOovaraar of 

bibitioD. effective Buy 


Am! 4. The New York 

the pasHge of a bill 
creating a State cod- 
■Ubolary. 


1917 














1. 1018. 




Govemi 
releMS 
taken 
billion 


The Britilh 

n the In^hiU- 
at April. 1910. 




lam 19. Tnding id col- 




















S.Ve^fjiwYMk'coTwS 










EKhmge reached 27 










cents a pound, the bigb- 










esl ptkc ibce 1871. 


July 12. Armed citiiens 
of Bisbee. Ani., escort- 
ed to tbe border 1200 

alleged^tobel. W. W.'s 
ruly"4. One thousand 


















foreign born miners were 










driv» from the Plat 










f™ed "^"elici" mine™ 




























Aug. 1. Tbe Senate, by a 










vote of 65 to 20, adopted 






























tbe Federal Congtituiion 










prohibitina tbe manu- 
facture. ebTc, tianiporU- 










tion. importation, or ei- 










portBtion o( intoiicating 










vltlKftbat t™flrScle 




















less ratified witbio six 




















AuR. 26. Donald B. Mac- 










!rt££«3 




























trip, after nearly fnur 










years' e,plorinK i. the 






















i pickets wer^ arrested in 






1 (rontof IheWhitaHouie 

















OP UNIVERSAL HISTORY. 



385 



tha 6nt CocitituLioiui 
Prxidgnt in (our reui. 



Sp>m. Miirr 



















■'-. !y 




). «. 



•■&, 



ie. Jixt Gutienu 



386 



TABULAE VIEWS 



Sapl. 10. SnSnn 1 
baliu by a nta o 
807 to lijOiS. , 

Bcpt. SO. Tba eaotnl 
■pan <n th* cuilil*T*r| 
bridg* OTsr thi St. Law-I 
raaca Kinr at 0<wbac 
waa •accMrfBllr pUi — ' ' 
Two tomur •BoTtr 
lBie-»17— bilad i 



Oct. IB. N*ir York-* Ant »___ 
■abmr giianl. Uiii CalluiiiDi 
UoIoiWTot BR»Un,tM«a 
for th> Brooklrn Rapid Tt 
Com pan F- 

Oct 26. New York City Federal 
Food Adminiitfator Arthur Wi' 
lUmi urged oo hotueiriTei ti> 
meatleu and wheatleH dar* 



the Nev York Stats Woman Snt- 
fraae partriD the White Hmul 
Prendent Wilaoa lodorMd aQtuI 
■nSraae by StatcL Be Midi "I 
am veiT Biad to add my nuca to 
thou Khich are urgina ths paoolg 
of the gi«t Suta i^New York 
to (Ct a great eiamplg by ■ 
(or Woman Sullraae." 



a Hamui, Chatlei Allen, trom 
Newport Newi to Du< ' '" 
a toUl diataace of 102 
a little leu than ten he 
■top wai made. 
Xov. e. John F. Hylaa dafeaUd 

Sihn Purror Miti^el in New York 
ity, canyinn the entire Tan- 
many ticket with hiiTi. 

Woman Suffrane won in Ng 
York State and toit in Ohio, 

Gov. Samuel W. MeCaU wi 
cfaoaen Gonrnor of MaMachi 

The RepDblicani Eained three 
•eata in Congrt '— " ■*' 



:ting caedi- 



I9I7 A.D. OF UNIVERSAL HISTOBY. 









Tbb Wokld, elaswlun. 



388 



TABUIAR VIEWS 



ucBhsmk* P>akci. 



4. The Now OocbM Bfld|«, 
I of tbc lon^rt ouitil«Tit 



1 bailTd tbc 

' Bstifki 
imadbr 



ftMinA^ ManrBii 
Hftrbor. when it w& 

tha Bcldu Relitt . 

TlioBHndt wen Injorad. .__ 
tba north end of tha citr t«o 
•quira mile* of tOTitarr milaid 
wutaby thablut PirM Mutad 
dmultuwotulr all orar tba eitr> 
rulnB DntU th*r bnnad <mt. 
Tbg ihock of tbe axplcHioii wM 
felt IGO nUln .dlitut. .Thre* 



Dee. 30. Coldaat 
dar in New 
York Citria33 



irroU; BauTila. Capt. tack; 
rady, J>m« Buchaun ('^Dia- 
...ond Jim-); Carreno, Uma. 
Tema: Choilc. Joieph H.j Cody 
" ■ ■" . P. C'Baffalo Bill"); 
le, Bdauard; Diwey, 
1 Gtor^e; FjtinniDioni. 



_t ("I 



r;); Herichel. ! 



Wai.Tsm«;Liliuok>1am, Qusen; 
Maude. Maj.P. Stftaliy: Rodin. 

anf Ruth Mc^nery; Sultan of 
Egypt (Huiiein Kemal); Ti 
Sir Herbert Beerbohm; ^ioi 



OF UNIVERSAL HISTORY. 



GbUUNT AMD AviTaiA, 






Thi W(wu>, alHwheri. 



DCC.20-2B. Bartbqnaku 
dtttior OsataniBU 
Citr. 



TABVUUt VIEWS 



1918 i 



•ehooli In Nn 



Jan. 7. Fadanl pnblbl- 



Jaa.T. SulRndli 
polBtad HMcUl a 
wdottaO. S. 



Jan. 11. Vadaml profatbl. 



Jan. M. Padanl prohibi- 



Pib. 13. Pint holiday 
tbcatrkal aonata. vh 
■II theatnaiD NewYo 
Citr ware cla*«l. 

Feb. 13. PedarnI prohibi 



Jaa. IS. SoBtbam Stataa Jan. IS. Joaaph CalllBU 
foSar wont bliaaatd in arraatad in Paria to* 
thaii hlalocT. 

Jan. SI. .KtM—idCar. 

an. 34. Borleioa eon- 

flriDcd u Poatmaitn 

Oenaial. 
u. at. Pood raitric- 

tion dccrea bv Food Ad- 

mialttrator Hootbt- 
Jati. 30. Becratirr Laoa- 

agi«aBisnt with Great 

Britain and Canada. 

Pab. 4. Pcdaral tagutra- 

tion at alien Cennana 

Peb. 0. 'Oen. March ap- 
polntvl Chief ot StaS. 



Har, 3, Ueatlcu dsTi 



Uks Kiltamash 



County Uavo. Ii 



OP UNIVERSAL HISTOKV. 



Obuuki ahd Avbtua. 



Btnors, tUewben. 



rimo Cabinet 



Ju. 30. Ruuiim-Pciluta 

loliberiki. Bolili 
.ecupy Kid. 
P«b. a. RnmaDiOD ; 

Genn«ii idtimatui 

P«b?*& Tratiky nseniF 
uRutuD Portign Hm- 



DiilitBtT attachti (roni 



Feb. 38. Spuiiih Cab 



Feb. IS. Canadian Got^ 
eminent UDOunca de- 

»[ Japan ippainled Am- 
bawdor toU S. 
Peb. IB. Mexico impoie* 
special tai on oil land- 

Peb. 28. Canadian (ol- 
djen retutt to liiteo 

hibition. 
Mar. Z. Porto Rico Boea 

an- 

Mar. 3. Alrei elected 
Preaidaot of Braiil. 



TABULAR VIEWS 



191 8 A.D. 



.p. 




Ukiho Staibs. 


G ■ BAT Bsita IH ftPmAHCB. 


1S18 


1918 




leis 




Mar. 9. Indian atate pro- 








hibition law declared 












Mar. 10. Sec. Baker of 




ulebegms in Prance. 




U. S. arnvei in Fnnec 




Mar. 12. Maryland «Ute 








wideprahibition bill de. 
— * Rhode Island reject. 














Federal prohibition 
















Mar. 15. Woman niSraae 


Mar. 19. Prei. WilaoD 






defeated in Mi«iBip^. 


■iga* Dayliaht Savins 






Mar. ZO. Federal prohibi- 


bUI. 






tionamendmentrejected 








in New York. 


Mar. 23. Boie Paalor 
Stokea arretted, cbaiged 
with violation of Etpio- 
naoe Act. 


Mar. 27. B'it*^ ""^ 

ligation, of Imperiai 




Mar.Sl. DaylighLaving 








.t=rt,inUnilrdSlat«. 
















wide prohibition goe< 
into effect. 
















Zi^endmtnt raTififd^by 








Matsacbuaetts. 


Apr. B. Dr. Carl Muck. 
Wdcr of Bojlpn Syn.. 

Apr."?.' Third Liberty 








"loan begin.. 


Apr. 7. Bolo Pacha con- 
Apr. 12. Briti.h Com- 
mon, retain. Iri.h con- 
.cnption in Man-Power 






Apr. 18. Charles M 


hill. 














rector. General of Emtr 








gencyFleetCorporation 








—Sec. Baker relums to 








United Sutu. 


Apr. 17. Bolo Pacha exe- 

Ap''r"*18. ' ViKo™t Milner 
.ucceedi Earl of Derby 

Britirfl'clMnet. " '" 






Apr. 20. U.S. take, con 








trol of Philadelphia po 
























Apr. 25. 5/. Pa»l«iok..t 








herpierinN. V. 





I9I8 A.D. 



OF UNIVERSAL HISTOSY. 



Apr. IS. Count 



Thi Wobld. (iHwben. 



U>i. 14. RuHian Council 
of Sovi«u ntifies uwCy 
' Iren-LitOTlk. 



Mm- ««. JiiPM mnoimcei 

the pt«Bent in 5i bcrU' 
29. Dnft riow in 
cb«. 

Apr- I' Anti-Dtsft noU 



Apr.B. TroUkyappointci 
War and Uarini. 



Apr. 38. SIdoaio Pa*i 
fllecMd p— '-•-' -• 
Portuanl. 



T&BUUkK VIEWS 



I918JI 



A.tl. 




».™..„„ 




M18 


"Si-i.w^'Sj.f.K 


1BI8 

Hay rriM rK*dbM 


1*18 






bnilt ia 27 dayi. 


Hay 0. Plaid Uarahal 








rz^sfSAir 






Hay IS. AaU-loaflntbiU 








inaffactlnNawTork. 






HkTiS. Army flian eat. 








SffaSaS'!.".'!!: 








MmCr^ 








— NawStataba^aeaul 








U^bicRY. City with 








— R.BB1" afr'SSi i«- 








ss'lKS-.U.'^S: 














tfatid. 


Hay 2a Preddent aipil 

railroad praajdcnt from 
duty. 


"S^^M^ 




Ma7 23. Federal prohibi. 


Hay 23. Roa* Faitor 






tipn ameDdraeDt reject- 


5tak»toiindBuilty. 














May 24. Federal probibi- 








tion arnendineiit ratified 
















May 2™A^1 mail b«. 


May 28. American R. R. 






tueen London and Paria 


Mf;'n"%",~'p^ 






b«glD<. 






















June 3. Aerial mail aer- 








n«. between N.Y.. Bol- 








ton, and MoDtieal iai- 








tiated. 


Iu« «.^R^Mt.lion day 

rnB"7"FBde™l Grand 
Jury indicta aenn ai al- 
leged (pin. amona tbem 














feri- VS.'-" "' 














June 13. O'Leary ar- 
















Irish home-rule and 


«v 









I9l8 A.D. 



OF UNIVERSAL HISTORY. 



».D. 


GbUMAMT and AUITHIA. 


SuROPB, clMwhen. 


Thb WomLD. diewhera. 




1»I8 


9IS 


1918 














May 23. NarmI connn- 








"^^HAsr- 






Hay 38. Pint Daniih 










rune 3. Pro. Valdo at 






peuvita r«rolt in Kid 





396 



TABULAB VIEWS 



I918 A.D. 



.... 


Pmcmbss or SOCIITT. etc. 


UMTm Statms. 


Gkut Butjuh ftPoAItCB. 


1S18 


b;5 «. »~ ,» .... 

ooTared in the coniteL 

Junem Kde^lprohibi. 
Uoo«n.nd=.«itT.tificd 

idTciu. 


19IS 

Iun«27. DrawineofniM 

June'so'" EBBcrwV.Deb. 
■rreited for alleced vio- 

• 


1618 






j''i?^«tS^:^Hni':i!^.'' 


diei in UiQdoa. 






"'Vp^.?™y"M^^'t°c5 
killed by rail in taia air- 








Aug. B. Col. Henry W.t- 


Aug. 0. Gen. Pocb re- 
warded with »0IOI< of 
Manbal o( France. 




AuB. 8. Pedeiml prohibi- 
tion amendmeoc tatilied 
by Loniiiana. 


Aug. fl. Reatrictioni on 
uae ot meal abolished. 








Auk. IT. 100 I. W. W.'. 
convicted at Chicago 


Aug. 13. Britain formally 

recogniiea the C.eeho- 






Aug. 23. Draft regiiler 

become 2l7ineT June's 

AiiK. 27. . AmbasMdor 

Pane reaigns hecsuse 




N 




"g?.. "rT.SEk", 





I9t8 A.D. 



OF UNIVERSAL HISTORY. 



.... 


o™ ..„„... 


E.„„,.,„.B„. 


T„Wo^..e,.™here. 


leis 


1«1S 


1S18 

June 21. M. Voldanky. 

iruj. 






Tuly 3. Genoan Reich- 


Joly 4. Dnteh Cabinet 
reawn*. 


JuW 3. Mohammed V. 

Julye. Mohammed VI. 
proclaimed Sultan of 




July 18. HnngarUn Mat 


July 7. R«.i.n Bolahe- 
eiecnted at Ekaterin- 

fAHS:'"-"-'- 




July h. BaroD von Hui- 


buM accepu throne of 

jj; 3""- Field Ma„ha 
van Bichom. German 
commander in Ukraine 


Aug.l. Paranu Cabinet 

Alls. 3? Cuban Congien 

■end militarr toroe to 














'l~.2j.— —' 








Atu. 14. Pood riou in 






*-;^ed^sf.^',j; 





398 



TABULAE VIEWS 



Okitbo Sum. 



I918J 



OUuBUTMKA FMNCIb 



MiM •sidaale 
ttoiadtT in Haw York 



ssr^«. 



■Dt 3. U. B, r< 
CnelKi.SlaTBk 



HI (ram Jolr l> IVIB. 



g«pt.l> HttWM V. D*b< 



Sept. 23. . Hoi 



■'-l,. 



IS*°D 



Oct. IT. Uotorlen 
da7 Imw reK Laded. 
ct. 19. PoBTth LibcrtT 



Oct. 37. aocki in V. 8. 



. 6. Ohio, Flori 



Hmnoota "wet." 



13. Lord North- 



I9l8 A.D. 



OF UNIVERSAL HISTORY. 



... 


Obuiaht and Austbia. 






1918 


1S18 
to Genoanr br Ruuia. 




1'i^-Aj53U?"3 














'•i:,'i„':'— "'^ 




Sent. 23. German Socla 








'f,!i£.SS-i.''C£ 


Oct. 4. King PtnliiHUiil 
favor of Crown Prince 






"l^i^SH 




°?i^,uS*-" '" 




Nov. S. Tbe Chaacellor 
J™ iSSSSJ t'o ilS^te? 


No*. 10. The late Oer- 
PriK. ater HoUaod. 






KSr\t Emperor 

Ch>r1a of AuiUia abdi- 

— lierman Auitnl pro- 
Republic^" " ""^ 







TABULAR VIEWS 



Unitid Statks. 



Nov. 21. Pmident lisnt 
Food Stiinulktion Bill 



inl91S:Ahdu1Ha 



N 



ard: Bamabce, Heno- 
Clas'lBavarU.Quetnof. 
MuiiaTbtrcsir^ennplt, 

anea Gordon; Boyd 
rpeQter,Rt.Rev.Wil- 



rhoi.Addi9:WirbBnkti 
IfaDilH W^ Gladden 
Uv, Dr. WMbiDgtoo. 
^remfaut. Capt. Jotrpli 
).; GuUck. Dr. LuUier 
1.1 Held. Anna; ' 

ind. John. Archbi r. 

(cith, A. Paul: Kobbt. 
iujiav; Loe. Tom- 
.ufbciT. Major Raoul 
tlartin, Don: McCrai 
Jcut. CdI. John; Mc 
!□ vcm. Terry; Mltchc: 



Antonio; Roebling. 
Cbarlea G.; Rooievitt. 
Oucntin; SsfionoS. 
Wasiilly; Savaee. Rev. 
Dr. MinotiSearle. Rev. 

Sir CKr1;Bulfiv.n. John 
L.; Tillman. Beajamin 
R.; Van Wyck, Robert 

White. Andrew D.; 
young. Mn. Ella Flaig. 



CKEATBKTTaiHftPBAHCB. 



Nov. 1 7. Ainericwi forca 



lee. *. Pre.. Wil 



Bteel harbor net 



.. 8. Ceo. PeULn rti- 



OP UNIVERSAL HISTORY. 



CBKHAHy AND AuiTUA. 



— Haogarua Republic 
pTOclKUDed at Pniua. 



Not. 23. Ajiti-Peravii 



y Not. 24. Rapubli^ .. 
LitbDAnia procliimed. 



'. 28. Pern withdram 
't coDfuU from ChUfl- 



crou Pnuiiita frontin 
^rownPriDC 
right t 



D«. B. Dcnmatk and 



Dec, 13. Gen. Man 
hrini elKted Pr»i 
ot Pinland. 

Dec. U. Pre*. P*s 

D«?'*lT' Po™d"." 
diplomtticrelalioDi 



CHRONOLOGY OF THE GREAT WAR 



1914-1919 



403 



CHRONOLOGY OF 

1914- 



le 28. Uuidcr of Aiehdok* Pnn* Pcrdlauid at 

y 21. Atutfbkn oltiiuttim to SaibiL 

2j. Saibiin replr: AnitrUa UinUtar taai-aa 

38. Atutrik deeUrc* wsr on Sarbia. 

n. Ruuia bcaini to mobilin. 

Sa iDtcrrlsT in Barlin betmca Sir E. Goacbm 
Sir Edirard Grey propofl«i 



31, Gen 
IB. 1- Ger 






laa nltim 
Pnscf 



to Riuiia uid FiKOCC 



I. aJtcr nltimktum retmrdinc 



THE GREAT WAR 

1919 



A.D. 



Western Front. 



1914 



1914 



Eastern Front. 



1914 



Military Operations 
elsewhere. 



1914 



July 29. Anttrians bom- 
bard Belgrade. 



Aug. 2. Germany invades 
Luxemburg and Prance. 

Aug. 3. Germany invades 
Belgium. 



Aug. 4. Bombardment of 
Li^e begun. Engage- 
ments between French 
and Germans at Belfort. 



Auff. 2. Russians 
German frontier. 



cross 



Alls. 2. Fight between 
German and Russian 
cruisers oft Libau. 



Aug. 4. Russians defeated 
in attack on Memel; 
Serbs defeat Austrians 
near Semendria. 



Au^. 5. British third flo- 
tilla has battle with 
Germans in the North 



405 



406 



CHRON(HX)GY OP 



Din.«M«itc 
iHTmMAL An Am. 

14 1S14 

Am 0. Anitrls declai 



Alls. 1(^ PfBDca dflcl&rflB 

*i>r on Autria. 
Au. 13. Ot. Britain d< 



Abk. is. jftpUUH 1 
— tam to OamuDr. 

Aoc- IT. Balflkn 
— MTCdtO Aatv 

Alls. S3. >vwi d 
— r on OwnuBT 



OOT 



An(. 10. Anitrtui cata 
Alwe*. 

Adf. 18. Brit 

uodary Iorc« ludad In 

Abb. 17. Oer 



Petrocn? 



Sept.g. RulsnoITODIi 



BIlLIIAKT OrHUTiom 



itJ. %*'. Germu 
Namur. 

Lug. 26. LoBva 
■tniTHl by Gen 

ivt.ri. OiUBdoi 
fay Britiih nwriBr 

LDc. 31. Allies lio 
%iBe,UBna.>nd 



^ii 



^■J.. 



10. BalUt (^ IJ 

r. GenDuii mcb 



Maubeuge. 
ept. S. G«n 



Sept. 13. Bdaian Govern- Sept. 13. 



Hiutamv Omunom 
Bastbkn Pamn. 



Aai.lS.. RB^aoa 



Aof. a5-Dec. IS. Rm- 
■laoa DiatTnn Oalici*. 
Lambaiv taken (Sept.!); 
Pnemyil fint attackad 
(3*pl. It): (ieca brokao 
{Oct. 12-Nov. 121 1 iall 
ol Pnemyil (Uay IT. 
IfllO). 

Aug. ZS. 



Aug. 31. R 
Lembeis. 



Sent. 3., S< 

Sept. 3. I 
Lembeig. 



^JS. 



?romE 



la Serb! capture 



THE GREAT WAR. 



A.D. 




Tbb Wab 




1014 


19U 


Abb. 7. H. M. S. Am 
flUOM Kink by a mine. 

hug. 9. German U-IS 
(unk by Britiab eniiaei 

Ana. la. Cmitn and Brii- 
Itm aold to Turkey. 


ISU 






Aug. 28! Britiah naval 
Tictory in Heligoland 
Bight: 


Aug. 2S. German Samoa 
aurTBodetcd to a New 
Zealand force. 






Sept. 7. Oetanie wrecked 
■nd iimkofE Scotland. 

Sept. 11. Ruaaian cniiaer 
PaUaia aunk by aub- 
marine. Loia Sfii 


Sept. 10. Gen. Botha 

German Sooth weat 
Septal".. An Auati^ian 






Sept. S2. Tbrn Britiah 
cniiaer,,Alw.tir./jD,i,, 
and Cruy. aunk by .ub- 


Sept. 27. Succenf 111 inva- 
™t''Afr^'by GenI 



4o8 



CSBONOUIGT OF 



Wsanout Pboht. 






Oct. 11. Vint aln 

bombardmRit ol Pi 

Oct. 14-1& Saul* 4/ rt< 

Yur in PUndcn. 
Oct, 17-NoT, 17. ^fri* 

B^b <^ I'fru (daeUva 

dar Oct. Slit). 

. 1. 



Not. 8. Ot. Britain ds- 



0. Fiench Govero- 

Dw. 17. Bcvpt dcdared 
* Britiih protcetotr"- 



ol abtinttac dsiisg « 
Jao. 10. Auattiu Pon 



Gsnoany pto^ 
I Briliih Ilia 



GamuiM antcr 



Oct. Il^a 



Not. I. Brltlih tii 
ntread a«u Kav 



Nov. lA. Oermuu pi 

back acTOMYnr. 
Nov. 17. End ol Firif 

~ tUef Yt'-- 



Jan. 8. Fi||bliDa activdy 

mumed m BalEium. 
Jan. 14. Gcnnan ii 



F>b. 38. Cm 



HiutAST OrauTIOKI 
BASTSaN Pkomt. 



1S,000 Anrtriai 

, n cutDiad ii 

TttrMt f nno Wanav. 



utt^^. * 



Se. RuHiaai wa. 

Do:, i. Gsmaiu rallv ii 

Pi^uid. 

«. 8. Ruuiaiu acaii 

evacuate Lodi. 
Dec. 15. AnitrUni con- 

antral IDA alDoa tbi 

Viitula. 
Dec. 2a Cracow relievwl 

isie 

- 1. t-Peb. IG. Ronani 



Jan. 25. Second KoauaB 
' — uioD o[ But Pnaiia. 



refliona and in the 
'^. ""kuiaiana i 






I914 A.D. 



THE GREAT WAR. 



409 



A^. 



1914 



1914 



THB Was 

AT 

Sba. 



1914 

Oct. 26. French steamer 
Admiral Gauteaume, ref- 
ugee ship, sunk by sub- 
marine. 



Not. 1. German naval 
victory in the Pacific off 
the coast of Chile. 

Nov. 3. German naval 
raid into British waters. 
Allied fleets bombard 
Dardanelles. 



Nov. 10. German cruiser 
Emden caught and de- 
stroyed at Cocos Island. 



Nov. 26. H. M. S. Bul- 
wark blows up. 800 lost. 



Dec. 8. British naval vie 
tory off Falkland Islands 

Dec. 13. Turkish warship 
Messudiyeh torpedoed 
by British submarine at 
Dardanelles. 

Dec. 16. German war- 
ships bombard Hartle- 
pool, Scarborough, and 
Whitby. 



1915 

Jan. 1. H. M. S. Formid- 
able torpedoed and sunk. 

Jan. 24. British naval vic- 
tory in North Sea off 
Doggerbank. 

Jan. 28. American mer- 
chantman William P 
Fryt stmk by German 
cruiser. 

Feb. 18. German official 
"blockade" of Gt. Brit- 
ain commences. 

Feb. 19. Anglo-French 
squadrons bomb Dar- 
danelles, Commence- 
ment of Dardanelles 
campaign. 



Military Opbrations 

AT 

Otbbr Poihts. 



1914 



Oct. 28. De Wet's rebel- 
lion in South Africa. 



Nov. 7. Fall of Tsing- 
tau to Japanese. 



Nov. 15. Turkish forU 
at southern end of Red 
Sea captured by Indian 
troops. 

Nov. 21. Basra on Per- 
sian Gulf occupied by 
British. 



Dec. 1. Gen. DeWet cap- 
tured. 

Dec. 8. South African 
rebellion collapses. 



Dec. 24. First German 
air-raid on England. 



1915 

Jan. 5. Complete defeat 
of the Turkwh army in 
the Caucasus; 80,000 
Turks put out of action. 

Jan. 18. Russians invade 
Turkish territory. 



Feb. 2. Turks attempt to 
cross Sues Canal but are 
driven back. 

Feb. 5. Turks retire from 
Sues Canal. 

Feb. 24. British South 
African forces occupy 
Garub. 



CHBONOLOGT OF 




Mar 1. W«niii« of 0«- 
nun Bmbuiy uainit 

Hilina (or BnjiUnd pab- 



Intbrhal ArrAiRi. 



Mar. 10. Britiib a 
Nht* CtuiMlla. 

Mar. U. B(Tan cm___. 
attack at Noon Cha- 
valit rtpnlaed bjr Biitiah . 



Apr. IT-Uaf IT. SMOi-d 

^. — Cat lint mir 
akwad. Oaimaiialaitia 
bnak Britiib linM [Ca- 



Mar 10. 


maka ■■tw 


Mar 23 


Italy daclaro 



Second "Lull 



HlUTlUIT OpIBATIOM* 

Wmnm Fkont. 



Apr. M. AUiad landliv 

on Galllpoll paoinaala. 

Am- 30. Gaimaoa invada 

. Baltic ProviDca* of Roa- 



Mar 6. Germant at 
• -ting on Hill «0 
praetkally diilodicd 



Saatuui FaoMT. 



<f ntonthai iaO.( 



iSoR 



' 2. Battla ol tha 

..It in lb« CarpadiiaaL 

May 3. Tcutona break 

tbrough Ruatlan liaa in 

Carpathian!. 



TBE GREAT WAR. 



.... 


I TALI AX 

BalkaI 


PROHT 


Thb Wa« 
Ska. 


MlLITABY OrSKAtlONS 
OlBB« POINTS. 


IBIS 


IBIS 

Jane r _^h^a 


ian advance 


Mar. 14. Gannan craixr 

MaT^'lS™ battle between 
Allied flecu and fomo: 

"sjs;. £'■•*■%=!; 

May 1. GtUfiHlil •unk by 

pedoad and (unk (11S4I 
fWe. let. IM Ameri 

tdfy™!,'. H.ti.S. Goliuk 

neirM:SOaioai. 

May 35. N<lraiJtai ai. 

"SS.foi.fe^"'^'- 

"SSefoffS'.lifSiJf,-""" 


Mar. e. Small Briti^ 
of tha Ti^., 

Apr. 2S. Alliu land on 
Gallipoli. 

May 12. Geo. Botha oc- 
cupies capiUI of Geo 

Mar 31. Zeppelins raid 




""'piiidby'' 


d'lo'Triei"e! 




June 4. AlliM ailack in 

Gallipoli. gaming nearly 



^™nS7i','' 



July 28. TbiPopoMnd 



Aug. ZO. Italy dccluei 

waronTnrkey. 
Aug. 34. GBrmapy "ex- 



CHKONOLOGy OF 



MlUTAXT OrSaATIOHS 

WoTiRK Paoni. 



Balkah Pbdmt. 



hite Liibin (July 30, 
W.r«*(Ang.4).I«n- 
Borod (Aug. S). Koroo 

(Aug. ZS). Viln. (Sept. 

July 14, GenD.iu taka 

ug.4. WanaiT capiond 
by GermBni. 



"Si. 



Sepl.7. Germany repofU 

oa Arabic mialiiDS. 
S.pl. 8. V. S. demuidi 






t^oll of Austrian Am- 




ba<»d°[, Dr. Dumba. 




5epl.2Z. BulgariilHgiiii 










Sept. 2B.-0et. Piench 
Sect. 37. Bntiih prefreai 






near Loos. 






turn "to Bulgaria. 




Ocl.fi. Germany diiavowi 




.inking of /lrol.K..(>™. 








Oct. 14. Ct. Britain de 




claniwaranBuInria. 




r*i,u*51ing «cunty for 
AlTied iroopi jn Mace- 








Dci:.4. * U.S. demand! re- 




call of German altacbO 




Boy-Ed and von P.Den 




Pkpek rec^'ed. " 








Dec. 16. 8irDoiiBla.Haig 




lueajBdiSirJohn French 







IJi^ 



Aug. 2S. Fall of Breat- 



t. 3. Fall of GtD. 



Sml. 18. Fall of Vilna 



end M Rnoaiaa n 



TBB GSBAT WAR 





IlALUH FhOKT 


Tbb Wa« 


MiLITAKT 0n«*TlOm 


AJt. 


ALSO 








Balkan Pbont. 


sti. 


OiH» Poiir™. 


laifi 


ISIS 


Inly 1. Arminia* torpe- 


leiE 




















JuJy".. Naval action in 








and German wanhipt. 








Naval engagement be- 


















Julyl6. Coiiqiie.tofG«- 






Aug, 2, German Iran.. 


man South Africa com- 






rrfJi.ru'bi.-.^n';!'^ "'■ 


pleted. 






Julv 24. Allio defeat 

furk.onlh.Euphrat«i. 






Aug. 8. German naval 
defeat in the Gulf of 












Riga. 








Aug. 14. Turkish trani- 
















Au^. 18. RuHian naval 








victory in the Gulf of 








Riga. 








Aug. 19. Arabi, *unk by 








aubmarine (la killed; 2 
Aug. 2a. German .ub- 














marine de.iroyed oti 








Oitend by Briti.h air- 








plaoe. 


Sept.l. Allie>win.ucceat 








in Gallipoli. 






traoiporUaunkby Bril- 














Stpl 30, GgnuaDt mA» 


Sspt. 4. HrsptTian lunk 
by lubmarme |26 loit: 


Sept. 8. Zeppelin raida 

on London. 






1 American). 


Sept. 28. Turk, defeated 




g.lhcron%erbi.nlron 




at Kut-el-Amara. 

(icl. 5. Allied force, land 




Oil'-'e-Dec. 2. Auitro 




aiSalonikaatinviUtion 




GermBn- BulsAriAn can 
qu«t of Serbia. PBllof 














iNi.h (Nov. 5). of Prit 








rend (Nov. 30), of Mo 








nA.tir(Det.Z).' 








Oct. 9. Teuton, occupy 








Belgrade. 


Oct. 21. Briliih fleet bom- 








bard. Dedeagacch. 
Oct. 23, German crui.er 






Nov. 1. Fall of KfBguie 


PrJBiAdoJiirltorpedoed 






vatLtheScrbmnKninal 




Nov. 10. RuHian force. 




Nov. 16. FallotPrUip. 




advance on Teheran. 




Nov. 20. Pall ot Nov 


(/•idiiieiunk off Sweden 


Nov. 22. Battle of Ctni- 




BB.Ar. 


by Briti.h .ubmariae. 


phoniTurk. routed. 
Dec. 1. Bnti.h force, re- 




Dec. 2. PBllof Monutit 




treat to Kut-el-Amara. 




Dec. 8, Bulgsrian attBck 




Dec. 13. Btitiih defeat 








Arab, on we.tem fron- 




Dec. n.^BulgBriBni loie 




tier of Egypt. 
Dec. 17. Ruuianaoccupir 




8000 men al Furka. 






Dec. 13. Alliei occupy 




Hamadan Penia . 








Dec. IS. Britiab (orea 






Dm. 30. Ptr,i, .unk in 


poll. 






Mediterranean. 





CBBONOLOGT OP 



UtUMkT OFBKAtlOlM 

Vansm Pkomt. 



I916 A.D. 



Balkan Pkomt. 



ibnuiin* nrtan. 

Ptb. 10. Gennanr Ma<l 

_ut anncd nercbu.. 

towbU ■• WKimhipt. 
Pab. Ifl. OannannoMac- 
' ' ItebUltr in 
PcbTMT ~^Mi<toat WDloi 



. 27-29. U. S. in. 



Apr, 10. Gernunyreplii 
-- 'J.S,n<>tBOn.iakii 

Apr."'l8. V.S. iain 



dre«*.Congreut,onl»- 

tiani »ith Ccrmsnv. 

Apr.24-M«yl. Ini -- 



*. Cermin reply «- 
-ding Suinx m tti( 
in iii«U U, S. Oe- 
ndi. 

24. Comcription 
pajiMd in Ot. Bntain. 



'■b. 37. 0«. KtuoMt- 
km appoisMd to diW 



" loMnuitioB*! trracb' 



■ttukvatoflheMeu 



"H, 



Port Doiuumoi 
1>V 34. Germi 
take Ehnianmoi 



tonrd Zillebeke 



June 21. U. S. demki 

from AuitiU (or ainkiBg 



Juns 4-30. RnMiu oS«d. 
live in Volbyaik and 
Bukowins. Ciemowiti 
Uken (Jane 17): all 
Bukowinfl overtua. 



THE GKBAT WAK. 



ITAI.IAH PkOHT 

Bauuh FKom. 



Oiem Points. 



Allied BMt taftie 



Jan. 2S. Anitrian 
8>nGionniiidi t 

Pcb. 12. Amtiuni 
OD Adriatic coj 
litXy. 



tiop of Callipoli by 

JiiD. 13. ' Fall of CMtinja, 
e»pit«l of HoDMocgio. 



Feb. 14. BedDin cftm- 



Mat. a. Sutm ia tot- 
doad and luak vith- 
t wamiag (80 killed 



May 10-JuD« 3. Gi 
Italian* tbiQngb 



evcral inipor- 
liwt oo both 
tory conceded 



Lord Kitchenei 



Lpr. 30. Oed. Towo- 
Tutk* at Knt-d-Aman. 



lay 1ft. Rnaiiana join 
Britiih on tba IHaria 
and advance toWKd 
Km-U-Ammn. 



CHRONOLOGY OF 





DiruWATic 


MiLiTiiv Opbvations 


Bastbvn Front 


A.D. 


AND 








iHTiiMAi. Arrtias. 


Wbstkh Pbont. 


Balkan F»oni. 


1B18 


1910 


Julyl-Nov, Battleoflhe 
Somnie. Allies fail to 
break German linea. 

KB \ '&.".;•'». 

Tbiuimont for fourth 
Ju^'"'?; Second itaga of 

July 16.*' Delville Wood 


isie 






taken by Britiih. 


July 17. Id a aeHo ol 






Inly 20. French widelv 


battle* fought in Vol- 






extend Iheiraain* north 


hynia. Ruxians break 






ud lOnth of the Somme 








ruly 25. Britiah take 


mir-Volhynikonafront 






PoaiirM. 


of 12 miles and take 




Aug. 3. Boser Cuement 




13,000 pnsoneia. 




«ecute<lfort««on. 


Aim, 3. Prench retake 


July 23. Ru»ian> com- 




AuH. 23. Capt. Fry.lt 


plete conquest of Ar- 




aW by Gertn>n> >fter 




menia. 








July 30. Brodi captured 




Auk. 27. Italy declares 


Aug.Za Fiorina captured 


by Russians, 




war on Germany. 


by BeUian., 








AuB. 2b. Defeat of Prui 




on Au"n"atnd r.elma" 


.Tan Guard, at Guille 


Aug. "27-jin. 15. Ru. 








mania crushed Fall ol 




^"«« on R^'man^a'!"'"" 




Buchareal(Dec. 6). Do. 




&«mln G^ene'r'i^ sLff. * 




brudja (Ian, 2). Foacani 






(Jan, 2)f. 






^vaJ. JSt r^nrlK 




















Sept. 8. French scott luc- 










Sept, B, Rumanians oc- 




Sepl- 11. M.Zaimi.. the 
Greek Premier resigra. 

Sept. 16. New Greek 
Cabinet formed. 




cupyOrsQVB on Danube. 




Sept. 15, ■■Tanks- first 


Sep., 12. Russian and 
Rumanian armies form 




ised by British near 






iunciion in tbe South 
bukowina. 






Sep °" 6. "'French capture 
VermandQv.llers, Denie 




Sept. 19. Alliei declare 
blockade of GreekcoBMi 






court, and Berry. 


















checkrf in the Do- 








brudja. 




°''~" 


Nov. 1. Germans evacu 

No" 7'"* F«nch take 
Chaulnei. 








Nov. 13. Great battle 


















Nov. 19. Monaalir (alia 




Joseph of Auittia di«. 




to Allies, 










aiiBinit dcporlation o 








Belgian!. 







I9l6 A.D. 



THE GKBAT WAR. 



.... 


Italian Pbowt 


^"li" 


Othk» Points. 


IQIS 


July a. Italians prtu [OT- 
WBtd on Cano. 


1B16 


IB IB 




Jtilr 13. Italian, make 
ROod idvinn in Adige 
valley. 


reachea Baltimore with 






.*1JS.6-Scpl. .NewIUlian 
A^7^' Climinl™" 




T^Ft^B 




^"^allJn\ ''•"- "-" 

IrQlpBHni in Traiuyl- 
vaniaAlpi. 




*«„d'Sir""" 




Sept, 10. Brili.h on 
Salonika front ckh 
the Slrumn. 


^s.£...s;;;:iT';; 






Sept. ID. Italian lucceu 
on the Carso. 

Greek Army Corpi 


marine (ink> veueli ofi 
U. S. coait. 






Oct. 8- Rumanian forcei 

Oct. io. Italian army 
gaini [uithcr lucceu in 
the Cano. 

\'dv. I. Italian advance 
on the Jolian front. 








"£.';.., aivs 





^^^H 


^^^^^^1 


[Ui 


WKM 


r 






418 CHRONOLOGY OF 


1 916 .\.D. 




DiPLOIUTIC 


Ma.lT*aY OPKHATIOC5 


E,.„;._P.„., 


*.D. 










'"'•■"*'• A"*'"- 


WcnEiN Front. 


Baluk Front. 


1910 


Dec. 5-e, Aagallb mln 
istry resign! & Cl, Bril 
ain. Lloyd George new 
Pr.me Minuter. 

Dec. 12. German M*ce 
offer. _ Refuted tDet 




IBIS 




■'Peace Note" (dated 








a£;a""'"^ 








Dec. 30, Sir Douelaa 
B.J, m.de Field'^.r. 

• 




1917 


Jan. 10. Allied fovem- 

Jan.2z!'' Preildenl Wilion 
give* to Senate hit view) 
on P«««-_ 

lubmiHne warfare. 
Feb. 3. U. S. ■even dip- 


1917 


'"' 




lomatic relationa oith 










the louth of the Ancre' 








taken by Britiib. 






Feb. 12. U. S. will not 








negotiate with Gennany 
















ia withdrawn. 


Feb. 17. Briti^ advance 


Feb. IB. Italian* and 
French join in Albania, 
nitting off Greece Irora 
Central Power.. 




Feb. 21. New Britiih 








blockade arder pub- 








Ibhed. 








Feb. 28. Pre.. WilwB 








a.k.Congre« (or author- 
ity to irm menbant 








•bip<. 






L 









-J 



THE GKBAT WAK. 



Italian Pkont 
Baleah Front. 



Dec. 3. BmU« ot Alga. 



Dm. 17.. Brit._.. 

btlw MeditcnanMn. 



UiLiTAmT Opikations 
Othbr Points. 



Dec 23. Britiih ctvmiry 
■ lUck on Turki at 
Magdbaba. 



Jan. 7. CorimUIJ lunl 
in th* Heditnrannii. 



Jaii.2e. H.M.S.Iaur 



]bd. S3. Britiih attack 



doedj Prcnch irampor 
Athei tontedocd: Bel 
■ian relief ibip Euphra 



:b. 2*. Kut-el-Amara 
retaken by BHtiih (cam- 
pau[n beKUD Dec. 13). 



CHRONOLOGY OF 





DtruauTic 




BAnMiK Promt 




AND 




A140 




IniBuuL Arr«m. 


WnrBiN ruHT. 


Baixam FmOKT. 


1017 


1917 


Uh. 1. Brltlib take 


IttlJ 




ISti. V. Cnurt ZaDpaliB 


that Britteb have taka 






din. 








U». II'IA. R«*olatioii 








iiiRtud>.lM<)i>uto>b- 




















tmoent lanntA nndv 








Prince Lvoftud lf.ua 








TtikoS. 








Much 11. ArnMd soard 
















niBrcliUitT«Hl>. 
















»S"i'r?i5rsa; 








Har. 17-10. ILeUrramrt 








Gmnaiu to "Hiadra- 
tmra line." BTacnation 
o( 1300 winare milai 














of French territory on 








IrOBt of 100 milei. from 














Mar. 22. U. 13. (ormally 


Mar. 17. Briliih lake 






recoaniKi new govern- 


Bapaume. 








Marcb 18. Briti>h Uke 






M"r"27? ifinisi'er Whit- 








iKk and AmericM con- 


Cli^u'lSI;. fWhllta 








Noyon. 






Belsiom. 


Mar. 20. Allied advance 
towanl Cambni. 






Apr. 3. Prnidml WilK» 
















<UM of war with Cm- 
















Apr. 8. U.S.decUre.wai 








on Germany. 








Cuba declftTM war oe 
















Apr."8.'"*'u. S. leven 








diplomatic rBl.tion.with 








Aiuttia. 


Apr. B~May It, flMl< 

ceaia Tvimy Ridge tak^ 




1 


en April 9). 






Apr. IS-May B. BcllU 








of Ik, Aism between 






"ai-ss^.r- 


Apr. 23. Britiab advance 
on tbe Scarpe. 






Ap(.27. Guatemala 
bic^^a o(t relation! with 
















"■J;,,.;! ■"" -^ 






Apr. 20. Gen. P«tain ap- 






Doinied Chief of Staff ^ 







THE GREAT WAS. 



MlvitARV Opkiaiiok 
OTHr» Potms. 






Otn«HATii: 
iRTBrnxAL An* II 



CHBONOLOGY OF 



lIltIT«>T OriBATIOH* 

Wbstuh Fuht. 



Uky 0. War CDOBinl ■( 

PuU. 
Hay S. Ltbsria bi-Mka all 

nlatinw with Gvawoy. 



liar «~& Froch ad- 



15. Gen. Pttabi 



' ol War. Uarn- 



if Ormct fofced I 



' asainit Gcnnani 



in of I^ncaLi 

Pood Con 



„. 15. Peace proposal! 



EAimH PaoMi 
Balkah Pacmr. 



Ridas I 



ttoop* nacb Ptance. 



July le. Piench 
HiSsMT 



(July IB-Aug. 8). 



July 23. Gsnnant rccas. 



^nt new 



luKKIIITO.doTn] 
Leni. 
Aug. aO-24, Pica 



THE GREAT WAR. 





ITAUAH FlOHt 


Th» Wa« 


Military Ofsbatidh* 












Baleah Front. 


SlA. 


OiHiR Points. 


1»1T 


1917 

May IS-Sept. IB, CrMl 
lUlian oSsnaiv* on 
Iionio front (Cano Pla- 
ttaul, C«ptureo[Gori 
>iA(Aug,e .Monte Banto 
(Ads, 2*)' Monte San 
Gabriele (Sept. 14). 


Mar *■ American de- 
atioD with BritiihNavy 

Mm M. Hoepital .hip 
Dotir Cotfl* aunk in 

Jane 3. BHtiah traniport 


May 1. Britiah de(«t 
Turk, at Jabel Hamrin. 




JunelO. ItalianoBenrtT. 








on Trentino. Captart 








Pauof AsDtlio. 








June 13. French force 




June 13. Aiiplane mid 




landed at Corinth. 




JurTi^'^irpian. raid 




June 17. AdT«neebyIta|. 








ian> on Cano Plateau. 


June 3S. P. and 0, liner 
i/w.»o)(a.onkofiBom. 


Paleatine. 






July S. K. M. S. Vam- 








tuati blown up. 700 

■'"m.n°flee"«"'(Vi1heSt;: 
"."enMdKi^l, (S^^ 

pedoed,' 

Aug. 11, City of Aihmi 
Knk by mine off Cape 


July 10. Turkish forte* 
on the Bupbraiei de- 




Aug. 10. New Italian 








drive on the lionio. 








Monte Santo captured 








(Aug, 24), 







CBKONUAGY OF 



DiFLOtUTIC 



Sept. 8. Tha l/aihuni 
jpatolwi [■•SfmrlotYL 



Oct. 37. Second Llbnty 

Lata (U. 8.) cloMd. 
Oct. SO. Von HwUim 



Not. 7. Ovartbrov 



Dec. U. Cub 



C.25. Pnncc»ndGer- 



UlLITAB* OpIKATtaHS 
WiSTBUI PbOHT. 



BA*naM TKMn 
Bauum Fkomt. 

1917 

Sept. S. RisB cspMrad 

Sept. 10-1 S. Attnptad 

Sapt. 13. CarnMBi aoBOBr 
ObmI and Dau Tdaimfi 
(Onlf of Rlcikjr 



Dbc. so. Pightiof re- 



imaibed oa 10-mile 



THE GREAT WAR. 





Italian Pbokt 


Thb Wa« 


Mn-tTAKT OmATIONS 


AJi. 


ALSO 




AT 




Balkak Pkoht. 


sZl. 


Onia Poim. 


1917 


1917 


s2«.l. SeaSghtoSJ-t- 
lAOd 1 four German mine 


1917 












aweeixndMtroycd. 








Oct. 1. K. H. S. Drakt 
















Oct. IT, Ruuiani da- 






Oct. 24-Dm.. Grut Ger- 










i^t in"GX2( RiS^'" 






drive into' Italy. " [I«l- 








Un. driven bKk to PUve 








Rive,, A.i«o Pl.tM« 
»nd BrentB Rivrr. 








No*. 3. French tn»T» 








.rrive in luly. 








Nov. 4. Auatriani force 








puu8« of the TmglB- 








flrituh Iroopt lauh 








No'v"?'.' Italian! retire to 












Not. T. BHtUh tAk* 




the Pi.1M. 




Nov™'. Turfca evacuat* 




Kov. 12. ItiUani •vACu- 




Wadi H»i and AKslon. 




ate Foniuo. 








Nov. 16. Aiucriana t»fce 








Mt. Prualau. 


Nov. IT. Fight in North 
Sea between eight cru it- 


Nov. 18. Britiah lone* 
in Palealioe uke Jaffa, 

Dec. , 1. German Eaat 






Dec. 6. U. S. destroyer 










m unit ion 'i veiieli irreck 






ifub^ri^'liif of 60 








De""o. Italians torpedo 








two Austrian battieitaipi 


lured bv Britiih. ad- 
vancinglrom Egypt. 






atTTi«te. 




Dec. 19. Italian) recap. 


Dee. 12, i..onvoy of neu- 






ture whole of Mt. A»o- 








De^."24. German, break 








through Italian posilioni 


Dec. 17. Cennsn raid in 






in Aiiago HxlSon. but 




Dec. IS. Airplane raid 




tei- attack! near Buio 


on London. 




Dec.2fl. Admirai Wemyw 






Monte SalbelU. 


.ucceedi Sir John Jelli- 


Dec. ZT, Tu»ki.h army 






coe at Pint Lord of Ad- 


defeated by Britiih in 




Col del Ro«0 and 8000 


miralty in Gt. Britain. 


attempt to take Jeru. 








•ajem. 




^tH-i>ooer..^ Monte Tom- 


Dec- 30. Britiih Irani- 


Dec. 30. Brituh occupy 




bAMCtion. Italy. French 








(orcei penetrate Cermaa 








linci. 


SOOtivei. 





436 



CBBONOLOGT OF 



1918 AJ>. 



DvLoiunc 
Imthmal AnAIM. 



UlUtABV OFIKAIIom 



Bastbhw Pbont 



J>B. 8. lUltoa OoTWa- jas. 



Mb of eak*. confae- 

JaitTlS. ^nnchWarHlo- 
ittar pat* poatal 
talegnph nadet mili 

UL 13. Pornwr Pia 
CaaiaaxariMMdiDl 

an. ai. ^irBdwBid 

qS.^°* *"" * 
Jan. 33. Utatlna dart tn 

Jan. U. Von Hartliu in 
Rviclutac ontlinc* On* 

ia.3^ Bn^ariaa Cabt- 

Jan. 38. Pnnc* d 






(oatbv In NiaQpnit. 



tare KtihinaS. oapltii of 



line trenchaa. 



P«b. 3. Gere 



rfe 



ilyle caleadar. 
Bb. 23. U. S. Embaii 

leavei Potmgrad. 
Bb. 24. London nportt 



Fab. 27. Japan piopOMi 
joint mililMiT opotatit™- 
. withAllieiiBSibBria. 



'ab. B. Franc h npula 
German altacki nortl 
of Cham in da* Damea. 



Fab. 2S. Reval and PakoK 



THE GREAT WAR. 



Balkan Psont. 



tiri/«™ 



Jmn*™' 



Mutiny ■ 
n nival bn 



Briliili Cb 

I.O.20. Br 

■inkiag i 

TurkiA cr 

Goibin. 

ju. za < 



Jan. 24. G*raaiu in IuIt 



doad oB Imb c< 



uo PUtcau : take Uonla 
di Va] Bdla and atOO 



Feb. S. AaMfiean atcaii 



[[litart opbkations 
Otbbk Points. 



an. 31. Waibin^on 
mOOO Tuldih tn 



m. ao. AUicd avial 
attack Z««bruatt. 

German plaoH i 
London. 

Jan. 30. Britiih lina 
Palatina advance* 
ward Antloch. 



?eb. 19. Britiih advanc* 
21. Brititti trpopt 




428 


CHROyOLOGY OF 


1918 A.D. 




DmOHATIC 


Military Opbkat.ons 


E*SIEBK PkOKT 


A.D. 


AMD 








lMtB«H*L AlFVAIttS. 


Wbstbss Fkont. 


B*LE*s'^*P«OHT. 


; "" 


1918 


1918 


1918 

Mar..l. GermaDS rsach 




M>t. 4. Cermsny uid 






1 


PinlBDd lign tr»lr. 






i 


Mv. 5., Rumuiia li^D. 


Mat. S. Rainbow Divi- 






Cfatral Power.. 


>inn repeli German raid 




1 






i 




Msr. 8. In Ypr«-Dli 




I 








1 




attack; Eoeliih count*! 














H>r. B. RuHbn »pjul 








movei (rom Petromd 








to Mqkow. 


Lorraine front, ia Cham- 
pagTW. in Alsace, near 
Luni*illg, iind m Aurne 

-over the top ■■■! Toul. 


Mar. 13. Gernian troopa 
enter Odessa and Eoatiol 
Black Sea. 






Mar 14 Ameriomsmake 


Mar. 1*. Germana oc 






firit permanent advance 


cupy Abo. on Finland 






northeut ot Badonvil- 








■en. 








Mar. 17. Belgian, take 
















«.f. 






Mbt. is. Ct. BriUin and 








U. a take over Duidh 








1 hipping in U. S. wd 








Briluh port.. 


Mar. IB. French pene- 


Mar. 19, German toiwa. 










k 




Rheimi. 


<mue advance into Rui- 



J 



I9l8 A.D. 



THE GREAT WAS. 



Baleah Pkoht. 



Otbik Poikis. 



Uar.lO. Gaild/oril Crulti. t> 



Tnrla ncaptan Ene- 



ImoMiiL AnuB*. 



CHKONOLOCY OF 



UlUTAaT OriKATlOKI 

Wb«tbbm Pkoht. 



I918 AJt, 




Ml. 29. Voehebotan 



mQa t»t» liiw inrloma by VitayRtdia 
and th* Anu uliant on th* nortb 
to tba CHi»-Ailatta mterthml on 
Um Moth, oUItoMliw tha Cunfani 

C«. at^t. Thar pnatisu bntud 
CnbSUa, Buaunis, Ptrannc, Bril, 
•Dd Dorthwwt ef Noyon and daim 
^ caiiMra of 75,000 tBva and 600 
funa. FrBDoh nportt pUca tba aaa- 
nr'a Ion at ankOOO— tha OenDan 
maiimonal Vardno, WlA-17. 

far. S3-S6. DamoialiMtioB of tba 

Fifth Brittdi Anny ■ " * 

Oonah. G«o. Carer ■ 

dJvuBn kana it in toaiA with Cca. 
Btu '■ Third Armr on tha nortb. ovar 
an aiabt-mlla lap, and Uw Fianch 
G«n. Payo11euT«itiDth«ioathoT«r 
a tbirty-mile eap, between it and tl 
Sixth French Army. 

' ,26. Prrachcoanter-attackinBai 






mile* betwt 



Apr.G. U.S. Army 1 



[•r. 2»-Apr. 1. Enemy « 
bii poiituna embracina a 
800 iquan milei with itt 
the Somme. lii milei eul 1 
Hi* attack* to envetop Albe 
ful. 
Apr. 4-T. Gannani take acn 

■■■ ' flamel on the Son 

defeated by the 



Uar. 31. 

Ukraine i 



Caael a: 



Lnce 



iriulis 



The , 



Apr. 10. Solo Pacba 

executed. 
Prance «b1]i 



Apr.,9. Between Ypr 



Apr. 10-11. They penetrate bet 
hrmentiina and Meaiinea ani! 
relop ai far ai Hollebeke. four 1 
loutbeait of Yprei. enTeloping 
!□•» D( Armentihn and Eat 
and part of Meuinei Ridse. 

Apr. l2. Field Manha!_ Haig I 



Apr. 13-17. Penetration reacheiLocon 
latheiouth. the Nieppe Foreitin the 
center, and Bailleur ia the nortb, 
thereby threatening the rat of th« 
ridee— Mont Rouge and Mint Kern- 
mel. The aalient now represenli ZZD 
■quare miluotoewlyaained territory . 
pr. 17-19. Britieb voluntarily retire 
from Paaacbendaele Ridge- 



Apr. 13. 






I9l8 A.D. 



THE GREAT WAR. 





Italian Promt 


The Wak 


MiuTAKv OrnAnom 




BAU..*i"p,m. 


8u. 


Otheb Poikts. 


leis 


1018 


1918 


IBIS 

bardcd by long ruua 
(OD ffom dittum of 

Utt. SB. Bntin Tarkiab 
force in arw of Hit, in 






Am. 1. 0«tinu uvtl 


» Aleppo. 
Apr. 11. Britiab troon 






man dutroycr ud mb- 
maiine buc. ii block- 
aded hr Britiib. 


"iiTS-LS-r"","." 



anottoLoGY OP 



MtiiTAtT Opnunom 



I9I8 AJ>. 



Bastbw Pvokt 



Apr, 3T. Pnncli Oov- 



uain. 
Ut 7. Nicitrai 



tii^iS: 

in Inbud, mrreat- 
ad u pio-Ownias 

Mar 23. Pint (ittii 



Apr.lS-Si. OennBiiiitninlewit 

Britldi for the pocHwion of Villtn- 

kpT. M-ST. Tb< Ctrmuu fore* the 
Pranoh aad Btitiih from Mon- ■' — 

[mr 1). Tba Prench noptnn Bill M 
on tba north flank of Mont Konmal, 
thanbr eomnlattng k Kris of 
acBonM which hant-' ' 
QsnnMw on tba dad 

Unr 87. On a f ortr-mila front batman 
Novon and Rhaim* the Oarmana 
■trikaaoathwit' 
or 3a£,000 mn 

tnrca of tanlia — _ , . — 

orarnin tba Chamin daa Duna* and 



a II^T^'auiilianr 



Mcnpr Biotfio 
inO^foTKn- 



lar 3S. Tba Ailiaa daploy aaat and 
watt— eaat to the BrouUlet-^vLgDi'- 
ThLloii Una protectinfl Rhcinia ud 
mat down the Oiie and the Aiine. 

lay 2«. CannBni mal e a luddan ad- 
en velopioB Soiuoni. 

lay 30. Carmani reach tba Mamc 
batween CUleau-Tbiariy and Dot- 

iina 1. Germani work uptbe Matna 
' • '■ beirond 






inihai 






buck the German line north of Chi- 
leau-ThLerry— (rOTnGrandelea.Cbam- 
pLllon. and aerembant Wood eait to 



on Che 27th ul 



lit., and embracing the 
Noyonand Monldidier 



^"S' 



loy, and St. Mai 
n Thieacourt Wr 
11. With (our ; 



descend the Mati in the centt 
vBlop the Ouncampi Foreit o_ ... 

ESfmilM, they a» liSd up and driv . .. 
buck by the Prench. who captured 
1000 pTuonen. 
lune 13-14. The Fteach heavi:. 
tack at tha centre and drive the enemy 
beyond Courcellei and Croix Rlcaid. 



THE GREAT WAR 





It*UA» F.OKT 


Tb« Wa« 


MiLITABY OfalATIONS 












Balkan F«oni. 


S«A. 


Othsk PoiHra. 


1918 


1818 


1918 


WIB 




M>vl. LggioniofCMclu 








fiSlit 4«™TAuiti4" 




in PiUeitine. 










May )0. luliau capture 
















May 17. Roaaian trui*- 








port with 3000 on board 
















""'"'■■"" 


BoUhavik force) bailie 






May 23. Britiih Irani- 


at Baku, on CaapUn 






port MaUavia •unk 0« 
&Dgli>h eoaat. 


Sea. 






May 25-June 14. Ger- 








man lubmarinei sink 15 








•hiploaU.S. coaiL. 






May 2a. Italian troop. 


May 28. Brkuh ttaaa. 






br«k through the TtU- 


ErigZif-'-MS!! 






ton Jefeiui;< at Capo 






Sil« oo lower Pian 
















May 27. I uliani advance 








near Pronte. 


May 31. Prtsidtnl Ltm- 
coin. U. 8. tranaport, 
torpedoed and (unk. 


voitok. 

lune 14. Tabrii. in Per. 
■ia. 200 mile, northea.t 
of M0.UI. captured by 



CHKONOLOGT OP 



DlTLCMUnC 



lona IT. Tb* tatar tiuiH on t. Iwvt 
•howv of (hilb OTer tba loMh tens 
of th* HuD« bnt doM BM tiy to I 



T OpnuTiOHi 



>9l8 AJ> 



EAStBIN PbOM 



IB. TtUK 



CUtaui-TUinTT. 
Jtdr *■ AoMnliuu 



Ukc Vbiu, imu 



THE GREAT WAS. 



I II Hontello, 



lu... 



iMliu 



ss; _. ._, 

■outli over the CapoSila 
■Mtar, kidcd br th* bob- 
meating river flood* and 
uvml flo«U. 
one 22-23. The lUliuu 

live [rom It MonUIlD to 
the aeii which rend en 
GOOO priKQcn in three 
d&yi. 

une 2S-2e. The Au*tT 
itni ere forced back acroi 
the Piave from It Uoi 



belle end Sh» Roho 
(Asilco) tekec by the 
heliiiu: alio S33 prinn- 

iine3D. ColdelRoaoan<! 

Col di Chelo (Ecbele; 

are taken by ItelUDi. 
Illy 1-4. Raidi in Monti 

Grappe region render tbi 

ItalianaSeSpriKinen. 
July_ fl. Lait of the Am- 



000 and 270,000 men 
whom over 30.000 _ 

Iad°o"]une20™»it 
3G.000 priiODen. 



MiLITAKT OPBaATIOHS 

Othsk Poiim. 



'%,';, 



C S. tranaport 



7. CMeh»^ovak 

a, deleat Bolebniki 
capture Chita, an 
-...,ortant town on th« 
TnuM-Sibcrlao Tailroad. 



436 



CHRONOLOGY OF 



,-.e lor budget. 
Faly 12. Ciar Nich 
reported killed 1 



and Ct. Bri 

egardina: e; 
B ofpr&oner 



July 17. From Bligny the edge o( 1 

poclcec of Prunsy is rlosed. 
July IS. French end American detai 

light win^ of the Crown Prince I 



'oly IB. Honduraa 
deelsreiwaronGer. 



July 19. Italian dctachmea 



%.',%, 



'"/J 


Auitrian 
erreaiBQiwith 


In theie two days (July ]S~1B) the 
Allie« take 3 7.006 priionera. 


Cabiiut. 


July 23. SI.VB the plateau loulh of 






SoiaoDoi the entire sector northwal 






of Chlleau-Thieny ii recovered by 






the Allies. In the centre they have 
























the Fiimes-Chatillon highway. The 












pfiioner* and ever 400 gum. 
July 23-28. The entmy makes violrel 
counter -attacks, wiActi are repulaed. 


July a* 




nitlon 




•tfike 




Aug. 2. French occupy Soisions and 
teport total number of prisoners since 










pSgne frenls'tn be'M!40b. Bri?i?h 






detachments in the Hessier-Bulen 






region take the height north of GrSBd 






Geimans re treat north of the Vesle 


'H' 


RuiiUn sad 


Aue. J5. Cermans withdraw from [rant 


h delegate! 


Ime trenches north of La Baiite. 




ia BttlS, t« 


Aug. 7. Brilish General Flumer with 


"Aw 




the Second Army launches attack on 
the Lswo River from a five-mile base 

Au'r" st 'The'lVSrsh Genei^rR'awlin- 
son, with the French acDcralB.Debe- 



I right, begins 



Balkan Pkomt. 



I9i8 AJ}. 



THE GREAT WAR. 



Balean Promt. 



July 20. Imhanj reoccup! 
Como di Cnbento inc 



July 17. Ctrpaliia lai 
ilv 19. Cmiier S 



heavy bombardment is 
thiTooale region, in the 
Brento Valley, 
the lower PUm 



July 23. Uarmt 



[ILITAKT OrSRATIOHS 
OtHKB PoTItTS. 



Aua. 3. Britial 

with 600 vou 
ill. iunk by j< 



«s 



ImmaMAL Ahaim. 



CHKONOLOGT OF 



MiuTSKT Otbbatiosii 



I9I8 AJ>. 




Aa(- 10> lUiriiDiOD bu ftdTancsd ni 

-"m: Dabnqr ohmm th* Avra; 
inb«rb*daUia(lifoatdUiv,iiKir~ 
raid ur*. tambw tha fluik 
a HoUsroQ tha Luilgnr niaiill 
lO-U. Uonblidl* and UnIsw 
— " -— -*— ' tv HnmlMrt; th* 



Aaf.81wi 



irot pn aonawi 

ttad to M,00a 

Au. 1& lUwIinMMii 
M RvveiK eicctlas i 

PnacA la In pngr 

t«wl»D7 docnprms^Cuuiy- 

fonr^nll* Iiont .. „ 

toiEla( th« OaiiBBiK back bM< 
BaiUnI aad Vinu Berquia. 

— •" na Pmch oramu tha 

— (il; advasca on tba Rora 



Aujg. 

h£l!^ 
Btitii 



Aof. 31. On Ravlinton'i lilt GeDcnl 
Byna with the Third British Arm; 
and tba Americao 30lh DiviakiD ba- 



orth of thi 
ana raacn ucaucourt, Bacqat, . ... 
laimcTilla. and MoyeaDeville. South 
of tha Oiae General Mangin advanoi 
to Cut*. Cameliu. and Pontoiie, ODt- 
flankina Moyon. 
lUB. 22. Betnen the Ancre ind the 
Somnie. fram QOTth of Bray to Albert. 
the Britiah penetrate two mile*. 
— '•- Britiah on a thirty-mile front. 
Uenatel (Ave nilei louth of 
tinl.lhn— talnalaira number 
from Got 



Anai>to Lihoni. . 

ottowna atrctctiing 
' of the Sorai 



h of ii 






o ChaigDolle. 



"»■ 



3S. Ratimnent 



Asa. 27. 1 



Britiah carry Thiepval Ridte 
□dcourti and open the whole 
n Albert to Bapanme. 
B. Briliih advance in the 

Ike Suianne and Cappy'!*near 
ine. Brns crouea the Hin- 

n by General Dc- 
I with Manflin 



1 91 8 A.D. 



THE GKBAT WAR. 



Other Poihts. 



Is Aug. S. GcQ. OUoi of 



[.IS. PintU.S. c 



Dotrtit Tkonrtj auak. 

Aufl. 33. B(1gi«n nl: 
AipCaieeniatnak.. 



DirLoiuTtc 
IxmtHAL Aftaiki. 



CHRONOLOGY OT 



UlLITAKV Q 

WBsmif Pkoht. 



I9I8 i 



Baucan Pboir. 



Au. 28-40. Carmui ntnat trom tb* 
SckTp* to afaOT* th« AUm oa ■ traat 
of torty mllm; tbe firitub Uk< B»- 
puim* uid thi Prnich Notod. Ocb- 
<na Haailn'! Motrc cihui ' ' ' 

htM, Anmieuia <ad Div»L_, 

HMvIa dilva th* Qaniuiii nat of 
Jii*Jn*<. mMWlBK th« antmr lliw. 

An.' SO. TtoKmcb Mki Mom 
Strntea, whleh Mpoaca tbe Nnron 
■par and optna Itat way np tb* Owl. 

BMmy ntnata on a i "" 

(rent, ■nsoatins BaOlcol. 



Sept. 4. All 

earn In PelrogiKd 
reportwl Hfi 



Snt. 9. Bolihcv 
hold all Britith ■ 



Sept. 15. German 



■rbo mm tbe 
"awltcb llDa" tha nan oay. 
Sapt. 2. Amcrleaa detacbmanta _r- 

Voor m a w ale ; Britlah gain Neova 

wand command Wytichaete [rum 

Sept. S-e.' Americana *itb H 

Sreu the enemy back betweer 
rey and VUleim-eo-Pravire.. 
Sept. S-11. Germani fall back from 



■lantcr Liggett, aiiat 
L St. Mih^T lalient I 



Sept. IB. Ciecho- 
illied help. 



Sept. 18. U. S. n)f 
Aiutria-i peace p 

Sept. HI. Japan. 



tEeChe 
Sept. 17. 
Ronvau: 

Sept. IB 



Goneril Mangin thrmt 
he St. Gobain Tornt anr 



Sept. 1 
MM 



dar and Laka 

Doinn. 
Sept. 20. Pront 



Debeney'i Pint Preni 
my eipoie the outer centre delenici 
the Hindenbnrg line narthireat of 

ept. E5. American 30th, 3BIh. 
27th Divuioni advance from 1 
mile front in thedirectionof Cam 

ficationa of the Kiodcnburg 
takins flOOO priaonerit which are in- 
craaaad to IClNWon the foUowliV day. 



average daily 
of SOOOpriaon- 
«n. AiMoetni- 



ward Uakub 
andtoitaRltba 
Bnlgar town of 



I9l8 A.D. 



THE GREAT WAR. 



44^ 



A.D. 



1918 



Italian Front 

ALSO 

Balkan Front. 



1918 



Thb War 

AT 

Sba. 



1018 



Military Operations 

AT 

Othbr Points. 



1918 



Sept. 1. British ad'vanoci 
in Macedonia, west o^ 
Vardar River. 






Sept. 5. hit. Vernon tor- 
pedoed but not sunk. 



Sept. 18. In four days 
Bulgers and Germans 
have been forced back 
ten miles on a twenty- 
mile front and have lost 
in prisoners 4000 men 
and 50 guns. 



Sept. 15. Calway CasUe 
sunk; 120 lost. 



Sept. 18. Buena Ventura 
torpedoed. 



Sept. 11. Bolsh^yi^d de*. 
teated by Csecho-Slo- 
vak%nei|i; Ekat^i^burg., 



Sept. 20. Ticonderoga 
sunk by submarine with- 
out warning. 



Skd% . 19 . General AUenby . 
m command of the. 
Anglo- Egyptian Army 
and French detachments 
attacks Turkish posi- 
tions on sixteen-mile, 
front from Rafat to the. 
sea. In three, days he. 
encircles the Seventh 
and Eighth Turkish Ar- 
mies under the German 
General Liman von San-, 
ders and captures 80.000 

Srisoners and 500 guns, 
m his right the. Arab, 
Army under Hussien I, 
King of Hedjae. doM. 
the same to the Fourtlv 
Turkish Army. 



Sept. 33. In Palestine 
British and allied Arabs 
ta)^ 25,QQ0 prisoners. 



appeali to Britiih 

GoTRDmeoC lor sr- 

Sept. 28. _' Von Herll- 



CHRtWfOLOGY OF 



Sept. as. Flrtt American Army hegip 



Sept. 30. Bulgai 



under Gen* ml Goura 



man KncmhHde line, with it* bridge 



With the Britiil 



t in Planden— at 



'lT1ir°X'< 



Sept. 29-30. DiiT 
Beldam; the Bi 



py Prilep- 
ihandVd- 

a by Sw- 



Eint. .10. _ Bui- 



I9l8 A.D. 



THE CSSAT WAK. 



Balkan P>ONt. 



IlLITAXV OfIBATIONS 

Othbi Poihts. 



SOCK) more pritonc 



CBBONOLOGT OF 



Diplomatic 

iMTHUtAL Af**IU 



lltUTAST QpUAtlOKI 



B«n>ur pRotn 



on thii troot 
■niait Aus- 
trw • Honnr* 
■till contSHi 






2. Lill* M obJMtivc of rovalc^ 
iDCOt movament : BelBiau io beyr~ ' 
Roulen Uking HoogTcdc ind Ha 
mme; Britiih cupturs RoHeBh"" 
p«11a and advance on La Baiiie ' 



the Oriant 
Kail war at 

Nith, thcnbr 

laSdnnmaa? 
cation bclwnn 
BeTliDaDdCon- 
(tantiooida. 






le Canal 

om the nonb<re*< 
^, ._„ ...ineoliifea. 

Oct. 3. Lena am 
by the Gennan.. 
1.3-13. Allitaconaolidatatbeirlmea 
[rom the ae* to beyond Lille. 
I. i. Americana croia the 
hildeline. TbePrenchadvan 
of Auberive. 



pfBulRatia 

. 'fluigaria 

Jet. 6. G e 
ChanceUor 



ed by 



THE GREAT WAR. 



MiLiiAiy Ofbratio: 
Othsr Points. 



yak. 30 mile* ni 
of Dkmucut, • 
by AJIenbjr. 



446 



CHBOm&OGY OF 



I9I8 AJl. 



^^ 


D.PLO«aT.,: 


Military Opbbaiions 


Bastoh Pkont 












iNISBHAL AvraiRs, 


WBSTB.^ P«OKT, 


Balian Front. 


IBIft 


1918 


I01S 

Oct, 7. Berry.BU-Bac, len milei north 
of Rheinia. and Eve »oiithea«l of 
Craonne — tbe great German supply 
■Ution between Laon and Relhel 


1B18 










Oct, 8. Prei. Wil»n 


captured by Allien. 






re^e, ^t„^ German 
























will accept the term* 








X. outlined by hiai. 


Oct. 10. Bricub capture Le Cateau. 








Oct, 12, Second American Army, un- 






ply accept! Wilaon'i 


der Major-Gen. Robert L. Bullard, 

Maagin has reoccupied nearly 
the entire length of the Chemin de* 

Oct. 13.' Mangin take* the enemy 












Oct. 11, Pr«. WUion 


Oct. 14, Belgian, French, and British 


Oct. 14. lulian 




replieitoGetmsny'i 


attack in Flanders from DUmude 10 


Alban£' eni« 




peace offer, ipetify- 


Wervicq. On the Aiine. twelve miles 




Ing deUil.. 


eastof Laon, the French takeSiuonne 


E.bJun 'an" 






on (he Hunding line. 






Oct. 16. Turkey noti- 


Oct. 15. In Flanders the Brit uh lake 






fiei Auatria .he wtll 








make aeparale peace 


Haute' Deule Canal" North of the 






with Entente. 


Aisne French take Olisy and Termea. 






Res'oll in Bohe- 


near Grand Pr«. Pint American 








Army takes Hill 3S9 and storms Si, 






"Ml;?°i)i[i"lnw"'p«: 
claimed. 


Georges ...... 

Oct, !6. Second British Army captures 
Wervicq. Comines, Hsiluin, and We- 
veUhem in Lys Valley, Planden: on 
it. left Belgians and French take In- 

outflank Thourout. Pint American 
Army takes Graad Pr* at vertea of 

Oct. 17. Fall of Oslend, Lille, and 
Douai; 0)tend occupied by British 














Britiih Army, under Home, en- 








ten Douai. Anglo-French attack 








from Le Cateau to the Oise carries 








the line of the Selle and part of Le 




















Oct. 18. C « • e h 0. 








Slov»k council (or- 






maltv declare! indt. 


French Advance on Ghent; Sens«^ 














with British capture Wwigny ant 






























Oct, IB. Zeebnieae and Bruges occu- 
pied by the Belgians; First British 






tmed Amtria. 








Army captures Dcnain. French pen- 












s» 




Oise and the Serrc, _ First American 





THE GKBAT WAR. 



Othsi Points. 



Oct. 7. Alleoby 



Oct. 13. Tripoli* on tha 
brSl"!™ occupn 

Oct, IG. Allanby'iCBVklrr 
occapiei Homi, within 
100 mllaa ot Akjipo. 



Oct. IS. Poeh order* 

luliu Chief of Genera] 
Stkfl. Generm] Diai ' 




Oct. S2. Fnneo-Bdgian attack on Lgri 
Caul tomid Ghent takea ll.oAo 
prteown^ Frmch adTanca oa Sm 
IfOBt ndsew La Ptn lalient a 
captona CbalaiidTy and Crandlup. 

Oct. as. Tbird and Pourtb Bntiali 
ArmiM ad*aiic* ioui mflaa on tirentr- 
nile (lont tMtnen the Bcheldt and 
La Catwii on thtir left the Pint, 
batwsMt ValMicici ' ~ 

takaa finur, BleS. 

Pint AmwfcaB Ansr bnaln thronfh 
Preya dafsnua. 

Oct. 24. Third and Fourth Btitlih Ai- 
■ Scheldt ■ -■ 






Valcndtnnn g 



t Condt Ti 



Schaldt; the Third sbIck a 



mil* (tratch 
m.the Oil 



it the 



. _ Valent 

?r«ich attack ba- 
the Sem. Souchi 









i.ths Ptn 



-ctrut toward Hin 



".^;i,".' 



the Miiiim-Mett ii 



tiih Third Arm 
«t rsleaiei levc 
k to Winterken 



Dutch frontier. Pint A 
Armjihatten Mtiiiro-Meti 
at Montmidy and ConSaBi. 



THE GREAT WAR. 



■ 


Italian F«oht 


TH«WAa 


MIL1IA«Y 0«RArions 












Balkan Psokt. 


sZ.. 


Other Poimts. 




1B18 

Oct. 24. In the Mont. 
Grappa region the IU1 
iaoi lake^ont* Sola 
rolo and the French Siu 

ing the Tenth Army 
under Lord Cavan. gaii 

of Grave di Papadopoli. 
and the next day crou 
the river. 

points three miles ea>t of 
the Piave and the Ital- 

Oct. 2B. The Italian ar- 
mies ate advancing on a 
thirty-mile front; Tenth 

the Monticano. north o 
Oderio; Twelfth Carrie 

Monte" Cok'."' three 

mile* to the north; 

l^!;'«l''nd"v^!ro'?.^pT''h"i^ 
with the 332d American 
Rcnimcnt. erojsei the 

di Piave and Zenion. 
PriMmer. to date 33.000. 


Oct. ao. German lub- 


1918 

eAtet KirkSk and f™ 
Oct.i»'' Aleppo falli. 

Oct. 2S. Hafahall lakei 

Kjjat Shergat o. th. 

Turkiih Army on the 
Turkey capitulates 














openi paiiage between 








Black .nd Jigean .ea. 








to Alliei. with their 
































.,..,. 



CBtEOtOLOBt at 



I918 K3K 



Wkstun Fsom. 



ElBTBKN Fbo 

Balkjik Pioh 



1918 

Nov. 4. I 
Fourth t, 



rittah. Pint. 
'Diiei with t 



Thin! 



C9«l Bt 3 P.M. 

Allirg icttU 
forCJ™«" ' 

Nov. 7. -P- 



_ . _... ._.v-milelrD 

captufing 10,000 priioncB ind i 

Sim between the Sell eld t and 
ue-SBisbre Canal. Puaagealca 
forced by [be — - ' 
ban d[ 3000 pri 
Nov.e. PintAT 
' 'iBhUnC the 1 



pMiaaeo 
French. 1 



G=nr 



,1 (m 



3" 

.U( tront re..,_ „. . 

1 the Aimi, and Debcn« 
int French reachca the taiio 
Tcen La Capelle and HJraoD 1 
le Ttaon ai far a> Lente. 
>.B. Oermany'iarmiiticedel 
ceived hy Marshal Poch. 



•tM«iiii 



.. Mau 



Nov. 11. 

At 11 
fired. 







Thfr 








flll-ll 




liin- 








clojn 


the 




'"'r 


■g 


^\T 


I*™ 




dr- 








Daou 


h. 




















IF 


led 


nnb. 



THE GREAT WAR. 



I TALI AH FkOHT 

Balkan Fkont 



1. Bilbtli . Ansy 

Ibi Tenth crone* the 
Coeweliuio-Odeno higb- 
— - ■^- -^iTBltth, 
._.«Dd Third 

h the LiTon- 

e Tyrol " " 



Eighth. Tenth.* 



if 60.000. 



cupied ( 
ibKijBiivi Udme, — — 
pUini ol Veiuto ; Tri*aU 
and Poh. on the Adri- 
atic. Prisoncn nornber 
100,000 ind Eiuu taki 



V. i. Amtna-Hunt-.^ 
apitulates to Genen] 
)iai.iicceptina hia termi 



Otbbk Points 



ARMISTICE PERIOD 

1918-1919 

United Statu Dslegato to the Peace Confettac* ««• ti 
Tbg PtHidtnt, Robert Lasting. Colonel Bdmrd U.Bos 

Nov. 21. Gennan Btet tantnStTtO. 

Manhal Poch. witb General* Goillaomat and Gooratid, entered StTa*bonrB, No*. S 

On Nov. 29 the Gennani began withdrawing acroa tbe ttbine. 

The American Armr entered GermanT, Dec. 1. 

Britiih troopi croaied the Belgian frontier and entered Germanj, Dec. S. 



I> (or Pra 



The Americai 
On Dec. 1« tti 



.ilj«i. 1 



Jan, 18. 


Formal . 


opeoi 


ing of the Pe 


TheSupt 






Ldopted Pre. 


iocltidi 


ngthe6> 


Jlehe' 


nlti.tomeet 




on Peb. 




The Sovie' 


CrLmai 






cLet,i,hKei 


Alien Whil= and 






Aresolut 


ion !□ crt 




League of ^ 










The Peac 


e Conff. 






GermM, 








Peb. 14. 


Draft ol 


tbe League oF N. 


Feb. 15, 


Preside. 


.1 Wil»n uilt (oi 



■ IIRuMianfactioi 
lerameDU at Princ 
mmenU of Ukraii 






June 9, T«toflhe 


treaty ai originally drawn and preier 


Sen^te.tlernew.p 




Ju„e15, Summary. 


of German reply and counter proposal 


June Ifi. Summary 




was in effect o sum' 




June 20. Revised tc 


,t of the treaty made public in Londg 


Crews of German flc 


el at Scapa sink most of ve.sel.. 


Germany accepts pe» 


Lce terms unconditionally June 22. 



L Peace officiall; signed Jui 



ARMISTICE PERIOD 453 

Under thb Pinal Draft of the Treaty Germany — 

Restores Alsace-Lorraine to Prance. 

Accepts the internationalization of the Saar Basin for fifteen years and of Danzig 
permanently. The people of the Saar Basin are to decide by a plebiscite, by 
district, whether they wish to be annexed to Germany or to France or to accept 
control by the League of Nations. 

Recognizes the full sovereignty of Belgium over neutral Moresnet and cedes to Belgium 
Prussian Moresnet and the districts of Bupen and MalmMy. 

Cedes a small strip of Upper Silesia to Csecho-Slovakia. Cedes the rest of Upper 
Silesia to Poland, but, except in certain districts in the northeastern comer, ceded 
unconditionally to Poland, a plebiscite to determine nationality is to be held between 
the sixth and eighteenth months after the signing of the treaty. 

Cedes to the principal Allied and associated powers the district of Memel. 

Cedes to Poland without plebiscite most of Posen and portions of West Prussia and 
Pomerania west of the Vistula and of West Prussia east of the Vistula. Parts of 
East Prussia are to decide by vote whether they wish to belong to Prussia or Poland. 

Agrees to the creation of three zones in Schleswig in which the inhabitants are to decide, 
by districts, whether they are to belong to Prussia or Denmark. 

(Doubt still exists as to whether the third zone was omitted in the final revision of 
the treaty.) 

Recognizes the independence of Austria and agrees that this independence shall be 
inalienable except with the consent of the council of the League of Nations. 

Renounces all territorial and political rights outside Europe as to her own or her Allies' 
territories, and especially to Morocco, Bgypt, Siam, Liberia, and Shantung. 

Reduces her army within three months to 200,000 men, with reductions, determined 
by the Allies, every three months thereafter, reaching a minimum of 100.000 by March 
31. 1920. 

Abolishes conscription within her territories. 

Agrees to dismantle all forts fifty kilometres east of the Rhine within six months. 

Must stop all importation, exportation, and nearly all production of war material. 

Agrees to Allied occupation of parts of Germany for fifteen years, or until reparation 
is made, with the understanding that the army of occupation will be reduced at the 
end of each of three five-year periods if Germany is fulfilling her obligations. 

Agrees that any violation by her of the conditions as to the zone fifty kilometres east 
of the Rhine shall be regarded as an act of war. 

Reduces her navy to six battleships, six light cruisers, twelve destroyers, and twelve 
torpedo boats, without submarines, and a personnel of not over 15.000. 

Must surrender or destroy all other vessels. 

Is forbidden to build forts controlling the Baltic. 

Must demolish the fortifications of Helgoland. The fishing harbor is not to be destroyed. 

Must open the Kiel Canal to merchant and war vessels of all nations at peace with 
her and surrender her fourteen submarine cables. 

May have no military or naval air forces except 100 unarmed seaplanes until October 
1 to detect mines, and may not manufacture or import aviation material for riz 
months. 

Accepts full responsibility for all damages caused to the Allied and associated govern- 
ments and nationals. 

Agrees specifically to reimburse all civilian damages, beginning with an initial payment 
of the equivalent of 20.000,000.000 marks, subsequent payments to be secured by 
bonds to be issued at the discretion of the reparation commission. Within four 
months Germany may make proposals regarding the manner of the payment of her 
reparation obligations. Within two months thereafter the Allied Reparation Com- 
mission will answer such proposals. The commission is directed to make a final 
determination of the total due from Germany before May 1. 1921. 



GENEALOGICAL TABLES 



irOTI.— The d>u*t (t) II 



GENEALOGICAL TABLES 



ENGLISH SOVEREIGNS, 802-1916 

AHOLO-SAZOIT. 

Bibsrt. ChkriEi tha Bald. 

StbalmOf- (i) Jnifith, who 

B3T-BSB> I Utsrmrd* n 




t 1 103. Bc<u7 m. I 

Edwud L 



Bdmrdn. 

m. lubcl ol Fnne* 

BdnrdUL 

m. Philippa of Haiimulb 

fpM out piga.) 



OF UNIVERSAL HISTORY. 

E S H .53 i-J 



t«i >Ji; & are 

■*2-:t -« Ax rij 



^-£5 si 



TABDLAK VlilWS 



t 






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OF UNIVERSAL HISTORY. 



EN6USH SOVEREIGNS, 803-1916 

The House of Hanover, 1760-1914 



- Charlotte of Mccldeobius-Stnlits. 



I 



Fndcric. BdiFBtd. BrnMt, 

d. of Yock. d. of Kent. d. of Cum- 

f 1817. f Igjo. beriandih. 

without luue. I of Hanover. 

183T-18S1. 

Albert of - Victoria. 

gs£°hii..| ■'■'--- 



■fiss 



. Edward vn. Alict 



nan Em- m.Aleiiandia d. oT inbursh, □( quia □( Coa- bany. . 
peror. d. o( k, of Hesse, t ipoo, Schleiwig- Lome, nausht fM- 
figoi. DeDmark. ti8;8. u d. Hobtdn. 



Albert Victor, 0«or|e V. Louise, 

d. of ClBrence, Ipio- m. d. of 

ti89J. m. Uaiy ot Teck. Fife. 

(Sofge'lII 



. Maud, 
m. ChariM. 



EdwMd A 



Victoiia. Haoiy. G*oaf», John. 



TABULAR VIEWS 



ik-li- 
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5 

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4 i 



HI 



I ! 

hi I 

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I 



OF UNIVERSAL HISTORY. 



461 



THE HOUSE OP VALOIS 

A YOUNGER BRANCH OF THE CAPETS 

I 223-1 364. 
Louis Vin., 1 3 33- 1 2 26. 



Louis IX., St. Louis, 
1336-1370. 



Charles, count of Anjou and Provenoo^ 
ancestor of the kmcB of Naples. 



Philip m.. le Hardi. 
1270-1285. 



Robert (6th son), count of Clermontt 
ancestor of the Boorbons. 



»liilil 



Philip IV.. le Bel. 
1285-1314. 



Charles, count of Valois, 
ancestor of the house of 
Valois. 



1 



Louis, count of Bv- 
reux. 



Louis X., Philip V., Charles IVi., 
le Rutin, le Long, le Bel. 

1314-1316. 1316-1332. 1323-1328. 



daughters, daughter. 



L 



Jeanne. 

aueen of 
avarre. 



Jolin, 



Isabelle I 
m. Ed- PhiUp VI.. 
ward n. 1328-1350. 
of England. I 

Edward HI.. John IL, 
of England. Ic Bon. 
1350-1364. 



1316. 
lived seven days. 



THE HOUSES OF LORRAINE AXD GUISE 



ilvS-i 



;.N^. 



„ I 
Margaret, 

III. Henry VI., 

k. of England. 



Rene k- H-:i. ■'. ')f Anjou 
aivl ii;i;l ir km;.' <•! Nuj^les 

and Sicily, 1435-1442, 
m. Isabella, d. of Lorraine. 



John II., 

d. of 
Lorraine 
and Bar. 

Nicolas, 
d. of Lorraine and Bar. 
ti473. c 

no male issue. 



Yolande, 

d. of Lorraine, 

m. Ferri II., c. of 

Vaudemont, Guise, etc. 

Rene II.. 
d. of Lorraine and Bar. 
. of Vaudcmont, Guise, etc 
tiSoS. 



Antoine, d. of 
Lorraine and 
Bar. ti544* 



i., c 



Claude I., c ol 
AumAle, d. oi 
Guise (isa?)- 



Francis I., Francis, d. of Charles, 
d. of Lorraine Guise, mur- Card, of 
and Bar. dered 1563. Lorraine, 



I 

Claude, d. 

of AumAle. 



Louis. Mary, 
Card, of m. 
Guise, James ' 
of 
Scotlan 

Mary, que* 
of Scots. 



Charles II.. d. of Henry, d. 
Lorraine and Bar. of Guise. 

ti6o8. fxssa. 



Charles, d. of 
Mayenne. 



Louis. Cardlfl 
of Guise^ 



OF UNIVERSAL HISTORY. 



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OF UNIVERSAL HISTORY. 



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OF UNIVERSAL HISTORY. 



467 




466 



TABULAK VIEWS 






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TABULAR VIEWS 



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OP UNIVERSAL HISTORY. 



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TABCLAX VIEWS OF UNIVEBSAL HISTOaT. 




INDEX 

(In this index will be found events up to August t, 1914. For events 

subsequent to that date, see Supplementary Index, beginning on page 505.) 



Asnadello. battta of, i 



Aihmea t.. King of Egypt, 3 

AbbsMides, the, J3 

Abdtrihmin. 73;ni.. Si 

Abdul Aiii. Sulun of Turksv, iij. 141 

Abdul Hamid, Sultan of Turkey, ns; II.. 

Abdul' Medjid. Sultan □[ Turkay. 131 

Abdul Rahrnsn, Amesr of Cabul, 147 

Abetard. Peter. 04 

Aboukir, navll batlle of. lil 

Abruiii. Duke of the, 386 

Abubeker. 6b 

Abydos. Aitgt of. 33 

AbyasinU. vir with Italy, ill 

Acadia^ colonjzed ac Port Royal. I41; 

E'vento'lndUsh! 164 
ncelavfor workinaiDen, 351 



Actof unifo[ni'iIin.'o'l''ii 



mity, 



coaiitcation. 114: elamantaiy education. 
334; Irish Land. 33s; lennre ol offiea, 
3Si; Shaman Silvai. isi, 166 

Actium, battle of. 4S 

Adami. John. 17S. iSo. 1B6, ItS 

A dami. Samuel. 174 

Adasa. battle of. 34 

Addison, 164 

Adeodalus, Pope. 70 

Adolph 1., of Nauaa. Empcnr at Gat> 

AdTphlls Free 



.^liui E>on*tu3, 60 

^Emilianus. 57 

Xmillus Macer, 44 

£schy1us. 14 

,«liua. 6 J 

.£toIian League. 3! 

A(r hauls tan, war with Bnglai 

Afiica. iiplorad by Portugue 

African war. 43 

Agadir aSair. 339. 341 

Agapetus. Pope, 66; II.. Si 



ilwiia 



,gu IV.. kinc of Sputa^ 31 



d Miru, Shah of Persia, 317 

d II.. Sultan of Turkey, lii; IIL, 



Aisne. battle of the. 406 
Aii-Ia-Chapelle. synod at. 76; 
... jresiof. Tg6 



uleoV., 



Alabama, sece. 
Aladja Dagh. I 

Aland.' conquered by Ruw'ia, i6j 

Alaska purchased. 330; raUway bill, uti 

A1a^-?tikon-PacMc Exposition, 314 
Albania. 359: rebellion in, 361, 363 

Albeit I.' King of Belgium. 33P 

Albert I.. Emperor of Germany. I06:ll..ii6 

Albert. IPrince-Coneort of Queen Victoria. 

Alberta, province of. crMted, igS 

Albigenies, p6 

Alboin. 67 

Albuera. battle of. 1S4 

Alcaarquivir, battle «, 13) 

AlcibUdes, ig 

Aldhelm. TO 

Aldrich. Nelson W., 34a 

nee of BattMibcis (Prince 

Great. King of Macedonia. 

AjejUnd'et'^nnicBi. 3S. 3j_ 

j"i'ii"' 

VIII., ISO 
Alexander I., Ciar of Russia. 1S3: II.. 313. 

34s, 347; III.. 347. 349. 3SI, 171 

Alexander I., King of Scotland, 03: II-. 

101; III.. .03. .OS 
Alexander I.. King of Serna. 357. 36s. 



1 of Eogland, 

i ''m"«um ""iS' ■'Ubrary 

ol trade. 16; taken by CBsar. 



yj^^V*?'^ 



; 11., »»: III.. 96; 



AI(oikw%,*a[ArNi<i(h Mtlh, pfi; IIL. io6; 

Alfow ^.V£i« «( UoB bhI of CMtU*. 

>9. 90,a3iyiir, mTU., pSi XL, lot 
Alfoom v., King of Pwh«>l. iit_ 
AUoDK> I., Kins ol SMin, gag XIL, ■», 

anaiika, traily of. 171 

i*n<M. TripU. IS4> >4fi- ">• *'^'> *4^ 



AloiB 



17a i Franch and Amorlcan ooloniai. I 
Hofr, iSs, iW. 1871 Onxl™pl^ I 
iMtwMa BniUiid. Fnacs,aBd Tncli 
mt; AoMiia uid Fnuda, xr- 

Alnw, battU of tlw, ttl 

JU Muunr. caliph, 73 

Almaonu bMtl* ol. 16*. iS} 

AlmorMdM, th*. 00 



joiM.'pencaot. 134 
.ron«^39 60 



Amenemhat'ttl 

Amenhoiep IV, (Ai 
Egypt, J 



ophuj. Kins it 
t Ameohomp IV.) 

caty" beCwuea Basland 

of, 18), igj; aptured bf 



Amundsen explorer, 3*4, 
'llTrilI.."l37:"v..''l4s" " "' 
'64;iV^!Hi,A 



I.. Pope, 64; I\ 

iptrDr.fiSill..; 

Its, 341 

.. Empefor. pg; IL, I 



,.i.V 



turchy, So; dyiusty, end 



An°^lo-^i 



Anum. Pnnch protectonta, a. 



Add* BolByn. 130 
Ann* of a*T«i, lao 
Anna, Brnpna^Rii 
Anna. Obmo of Ens' 
AiudDi, Aicbbbbo] 
AniBariua, Pope. 70 
Aslaldda*. paac* of. lo 
Antartu, Pna, 56 
Anthamlai, 03, 0% 



ADUoehiu I.. King of SttU, *6; IL,jni 
AntMQwa Laud BUI ta CillCofnk. 314, 



Bnriaod, ipD 

Anuii^uur^'l 

AaUraiuBt, Hucni, 4J, 44. 41 

Antwarp. udced by Spain, ijfii takm br 
ths Fnneb. lei; lunaidan \a tba Osp- 

Apion oi Jjaiandm, 4B 

ApolLcmiui. 30 

ApoUoniui nf Rbadta. 34; of Tyana, fa 

Apostlei. council of the, 4S 

"ApjidUnt.," the, 166 

Appiua, CLandiiu. 29 
Aquie Ssitin, battle ol, 30 
Aquinai. Thorn ■>. 104 
Aquiuiae, wreited [roni the Vlttgntbi, 6SE 
tiss againit Bagliah, Iia 

Arason, liiniidom of, B7; anBam Kaploa. 

ArbeU.' batde of, aa 
Arbitration, court of, aaa 
Arbosaita tha Gaul. 61 



II, Kins of Maeadoa, 19 

ire. Corinthian, 16; catliadcala 

"oihic, 91 

y, S4 

luored by Sparta. 31 

lellion of, IjS 

II., King of Cappadoda. ■«, 34 



Ai^'Jilel^t 
Acdoin, Kii 



INDEX 



47.^ 



Arizona adrriit tod, 344 

Ark:i:i ^as -c> (,• '.(.-, jjj 

Annad.i. Spanisl:, 1,58 

Armenia, 34, 46, 51, 52, 61, 66; reforms 

in demanded, 271, 273; massacrea in, 

27,5 . 
Arminius, 49 
Arnobius of Africa, 58 
Arnold, Benedict, 176 
Arnold of Brescia, 96 
Arnulf, King of Germany, 80 
Arques, battle of. 138 
Arran, Earl of. 130 
Arras, peace of, 116 
Arriaga, Manuel, President of Portugal, 

Arrian. 5a 

Arsaces. King of Parthia, II., 30; III., 3a; 

IV.. 32 
Artazerxes I., Kinff of Persia, 14; III., ao 
Artevelde. King of Flanders, izo, xia 
Arthur. Chester A., President of United 

States, a46 
Arundelian marbles. 5 
Ascalon, battle of. 93 
Ascham, Roger, Z30 
Asculum, battle of, ay 
Ashanti War, a38, 272 
Asoka, King of Magadha, 28 
Aspern, battle of, 183 
Aspromonte, battle of, 22$ 
Asquitb, H. H., 318. 358, 360, 36a 
Assam, annexed to England, 188 
Asshumasirpal, King of Assyria, 4, 
Assize of arms, 99 
Assouan dam, a8o 
Assyria, under priest-ldngs, 3; beginning 

of Assyrian greatness. 4; Sargon con- 

auers Samana, 6: attains its highest 
evelopment, 6; divided, reunited, 8; 
conquers Elam. 8: conquers Egypt, 9 

Asturias, kingdom of, 73, 8x 

Athanasius. 58 

Athelstan, King of Wessex, 81. 8a 

Athens, legislation of Draco, 9; legislation 
of Solon, XI; burnt by Xerxes, rebuilt, 
15; Joins Achaean LeajKue, a9t 31; taken 
by Rome, 41; by the Turks, Z89; treaty 
of. 359 

At talus I., King of Pergamus, 30 

Attila, 63 

Audubon, J. J., aoo 

Auerstadt, battle of, 183 

Augsburg, diet of, X31; peace of, X33; 
league of, 158; diet of, x6x 

Augustine. St., 60, 68 

Augustus (Octavius Caesar), 45, 46, 47, 49 

Aurelian. 57 

Aurelius, Marcus, 53* 54 

Aurelius, Victor. 60 

Aurun^zeb. Emperor of India, 155 

Ausonius, 60 

Austerlitz, battle of, 183 

Australia, Queensland separated from New 
South Wales, ai8; constitution, 278; 
commonwealth of, 286 

Austrasia, 67 

Austria, war with Switzerland, 1x3; made 
an archduchy. xx8 ; obtains Sicily in 
exchange for Sardinia, 169; reyolution 
of 1848, 19^, X07; Austrian power re- 
•stablished in Northem Italy, 197; 



af^iiiT^t France. 219; war wi*h Prussia 
and Italy, 2ji; see Ai:stria-HunKary. 

Austria-Hungary, orK^nizatii>n of the 
Dual Monarcliy, 2,^3; triplealliance, 246, 
trouble with Servia, 321; annexes Bos- 
nia and Herzegovina, 321 ; ultimatum to 
Servia. 404; declares war. 404; declares 
war on Russia and France, 406; war 
with Montenegro, 406 

Austrian succession, war of the, X7X 

Austro-Turkish convention, axx 

Avars, the, 69f 76 

Aviation, 268, a86, a88, a90, a96, 302, 
308, 336, 334. 340 ^ . . 

Avignon, popes at, xo8; ceded to the 
pope, 175 

Avitus, 63 

Axoret discovered, 1x6 

B 

Baalbec, 5 a 

Babylonia, a. 3. 6* 8* zo, 34 

Babylonian captivity of the papMj, XoS, 

iia 
Bach, composer, Z70 
Bacon's rebellion, X5d 
Bacon, Lord Francis. 142, 144 
Bacon. Roger, of Oxfora, X04 
Bactria conquered by Parthia, 34 
Badajos, battle of, 185 
Bagdad, capital, 73: peace of, X69 
Baiazet I., Sultan of Turkey, XX5; IL, las 
Balaklava, battle of. axx 
Balas, Alexander, 36 
Balbinus, 57 

Baldwin I., Emperor, lox; IL» Z03 
Balfour, A. J., 200, 30a 
Baliol, King of Scotland, zxi 
Balkan War, 349. 35X. 353. 355 
Ballinger, Secretary, 328, 334 
Baltimore fire, a94 
Baltimore, Lord, X46 
Ban6r, Swedish general, X49 
Bank of Venice, 96; of England, x6o; 

First United States, 178; of Prance, 

X83; Second United States, 186. X90 
Banks, N. P., ax a, 224 
Bannockbum. battle of, X09 
Barbarossa, Frederick (jm L, Bmperor of 

H. R. E.,) 96 
Barcelona taken by Berwick, 165 
Bardanes, Philip, 7X 
Barebone's Parliament, 153 
Bamet. battle of, lao 
Barometer invented, X50 
Barra, Francesco de la, 339 
Basel, battle of, x8x 
Basil, Bishop of Caesarea, 60 
Basil, Emperor, 79; II.> 83 
Basiliscus, 65 

Basle, Council of, xx6; Treaty of, 152 
Bassorah, battle of, X4;i, 175 
Bastile at Paris, founded, iia; storming 

of, X79 
Batavian Republic. x8x 
Bathori, Stephen, King of Poland, Z37 
Baths of Diocletian, 58 
Batthyinv, X99 
Bautxen, Mttle of, x85 
Bavarian Succession, Wart of the, X77 
Bavaria, 73 



9. Oeaenl. ajl. 
Read^ naval vi 

sfield, Lord (m* 



lelgium, and tht BcIei*-". conquered hj- 
Pmnce. tSi- umon of. witrMoUand. 
iRS; levolti Irom Holland, declared 



Belle-Iile. ci 
Belmont, ba 

Benedetii. a 



'II.. 84iV. 



Xin.. in. ;6o;'XIV'.'. 1 
Benedictine manks. 66 

BeHe^re"™, 144 * ° ' ""' 

Bengal ceded to Bast India Company, 

Bennington, battle of. I}6 
Benton, Thomas H.. 316 

Berchtold. Count. 348. 349 

Berengar, Emperor, So; of TourB. SS 

Berenice. On«n of Egypt. 43 

Berlin. Treaty of, 243 

Berlin, Universitv of: founded. iBl 

Bernadotte (i» Charlei XIV. of Soedea), 

Bernh'ard of Saie-Weimar. 146, 140 

Be«su'?.'28 

Berrhna. battle of. 05 

Beuarabia, part of, acquired by Ruaiia, 



330; Civil Rights. 230; Tenureof Office. 
230; UiKstablishmcnt. 2J2; General 
Amnosti'.ijlij Civil kightiffornegroM). 



Wage, J44'i Uanal Toll's, 346; Anti-Aliea 



Land, 354i GIa»-Owen Currracr, 356. 

358; Alaaka Railway, 358; Emorgencr 

Shin, 164 
Biloxi Kttled. i6a 
Biimarck, Prince of Pruana. ais. 14T< 



aine,;ameiG., .61 
ake. Admiral. 151 

eriot.3J6 

ockade o[ aoDtheni porti at United 



Bloody tribunal. 13s 
Bmdicca, Queen oT Briuin, ji 
fiocanegra, Simon, firat doge of Gepoa, 



. tributarr to Germany, ga; 

160 

^ing of Poland, Bs; IL. 9'; 



Bonaparte. Joseph, 183 
Bonaparte. Louij. King of Holland, 1B3 
Bonaparte. Napoleon, popular inatirrec- 
tion suppressed by, ill: in Italy. iSi; 

dent of Italian fepublic. 183; cfowned 
emperor, 1S3; sit Napoleon!. 
Boniface I., Pope. 6i-, II.. 66; III,, 68; 
IV.. 6g; v.. 68; VI.. So; VIIL, 106; 



ni'oi'nie 


, 174 


Ih! John 
nneied''t 


Wilkea. 3i8 
t of government of France 

I^ed to"the' ¥urk«. 119 
Austria. 311; invaded b] 


IZtlt^ 




worth Pi 


d, 146; Maaiacre. 174; Tea 

Port Bill. I74i ev»cu»tion 



BeM^iiy.—Conllmui 

Italian SamalUand, 319; Turlcer and 
Persia. 311; ArgentinoMnd Bolivia, j»7: 
Bulgaria and Tuiliev. 3S7i Meiico and 
Uoitcd SUUa, 3J0 

Bourboa (Hmily compact, t73: Houm ot. 



1. 


ter. upr'isin*. iSs,':!!?. aBfli indemnitr. 


Ba 


/qc. battle of th>. 160 


Br 


■ddock-s defeat. 171 


B 






andenburg invaded by the Swedea. ijT 






Br 


anham Moor, battle of. 115 


Br 










ion in,, I9ii republic establiitaed. 157: 



Breda, taken bjr Spinola. i 
Breisacb. battle ol. 149; ccd 
Bteitenleld. battle of. 141 



Biitam. the Britong, iav*d«d bf Caiir, 

43; invaded by Stvenia. SS; wbJected 
to Rome, usurped by Carauiina, re- 

Picta and Scots. 61: the Jut*a in. flj; 
evacoaied by the Romana, 63; Enit 
Aoglia. 67; Mcrcia, be; Northuinbria. 
As. Ti invaded by Danea. 7j. gi; in- 
vaded by None and Danea. S] 



Bucnoa Ayrea. leave$ the Argentina Con- 

fluWU.'and' iul^MM," 'funded. Til 
mar with empire. 731 war with Michael 
1-. 77;. war with Saracena. Sli Great 



iindiani, A3, Oji 



Surtoa and Spcke, 116 
Suiaco. battle of, 184 

lyMntium (Djiit^ntiaople). fonndod. 9t 
captured by Athenian!, 19; baiaced by 
Philip. 23i besieged by Savenu. 55; 
power in Italy, 67; overwhelmed by 
Turki. P7: deteati the Bulguiana, 103 



Cabul, 14 s 

Cade. Jack, inturrectiod ot, 119 

Cadesia. battle of, 71 

Cadii (Gadir), founded, $ 

Cssar. C'aiui (»( Caligula) 
Cssar. Juliu.. 39. 43. 4S 

Oe-ar. Oclavius. 4S 
CKUrea founded, 44 
Caillaui. Mme.. 361 
Caius. Pope, sS 
Calais, siege of. Ill 
Calcutta. Black Hole of, 173 
Caldera bombarded, 345 
Calendar, 41. 4^. I3l. 'T 
Calhoun. John C, 196 
California, taken pouesaion of by Doitad 
Stales, 194: admiited, T96; Japascae 

aiis;te^T.;'iK,.:ni.(„a. 

Calmette. Caaion. 361 

Calvin. John. 130 

Cambodia a nneied to Franco, 149 

Cambrav. Treaty of. 1301 Concrenot. 169 

Cambridge. University of. fouodad. 190 
Cambysei. King of Peciia, II 
Camden, battle of. 176 



II, 3481 repeal of, 36a 



476 INl 

Ckadaln, )5i 

Canli. Ii»nfM»ilnii. im. tba Bria, >U] 

chaur iUp. ate; AUto ifalp, iMiia 

CutarbBry, U 

CuMo, takn br the fiiltU. tgj; r» 

■tond to China, aas 
CanaM, Kina of Bulasd, It; n„ (tba 

Oraat), >TilV.. of DaBmarh, » 
Capa Bnton takaa by tba Bn^uk, no 

Sppadocia, ID. 34. u 

Capaa taken by tha Romaoa. u 

CaraaUUi bathi □[, m; Snpaior, f| 

Caiaeaa. 1B5 

QuBdactu. 40 

Carbajal, Preddsnt ol Maxico, 363. 361 

Cardinal, fltat American, ii) 

Carliita, iso, 141 

Carionun. Eteperor, 13 

Carloa, Don, pratandar ts tba Spaalab 

Cacloa L^JOBg of Pocta^ aST> SIT 

Carlyla. Thamai, 100, 146 

Carmelitei. Order e} tbe, 96 

Carneadaa. 3T 

Caroeaie. Aadraw, iBS, 300, 311, 3)4. 330 

Carneffia Inititule. 336 

Caraot, PmideaC ofPianee, >S5. >6e 

Caroliaa, iranUd. 154 ; leparalad, 168 

Caroline. Quaen o[ Gn^and. 1R6 

CaroIiDs Iilanda bought by Cennany, aBj 

Catrania. Geacral, 36; 

Canara, Preaident bf Meiico, 113 

Carihie, battle o[. 41 

Canon. Sir Edward. 3^1 

CarthaEc. CarthagJDUtDi, Ibunded. t; 
invade Sicily, and defeated. 151 defeat 
REgului. 19; defisited by Roma and 

deitruciion by Rome, 37! rebuilt, soi 
Ukcn by Che Vandali. 63; takaa by 

CariluigeDa founded. 31: 139 



John. 144 

Me., destroyed by the Preneh, 160 
the Just, Ring of Poland. 07: tha 
'" -iji IV., 1191 John, 



[i; III., 
Caiimir-P«riar, Proi 



CathcriM of Portotat, 0mm et Battaad. 

Catholie Choich. dafactkm ban, in Oao 

many, ipi 
Catholie amaneipation, il 
CatholtcEvn abuiahad in J 
Catilina'a conapiiacy, 43 
Catinat. MaraCai, i6t 
Cato, 33, 33, 37 
CBtnUu*,4i 

Candina Porka, battla of, »S 
CaTa^naii. Major, 143 
CaTOnr, 117, 119. 111, a>3 
Canpora, matin)' at, >I4 
Caiton. prlntnr, iii 
Cateatlna I., Papa, 61; IL, 04: ^ • Ml 



Cano Oorda, latfla of, 194 
Carrantaa, 144 
Carrara, Admiral, aTl 



Chaleadoo. Coand) of, M 

ChalsroTO. battle of, ISO 

Chambnrlaia, Joaeph, j6a, 1T>, aft, aM 

Champlain Cercenteoary. 326 

Chapullepee. battle of. 194 

Charford. battla of, 67 

Charily Batar diiaalar. itT 

Charlei I.. Kinc of Encland. 144, IJO; ILa 

Charlei III. (the Simplel, Kins of Piasea 
SOilV.. loB; v.. iiij VI.. 111. 114, Ii6| 
VII.. iifii VIII., 113; IX., 134. X.. i8t, 

Cl^^ea 



Charlet nr Anjou. King at Naplea, t04 

Charlei Albert. XiQEof Sardiiua, 193, IpT 

Charlei I.. King or all Spain and tha 

Netherbndi, 116; II., <3 Spain, 134, 

i63;lll.. iTJi IV.. 1T9 _ 

ChariM VII., Kina of Siraden, 119: IX.. 

143; X.. 153: XI., 1551 XIL- ifi'- '63, 

lis. 167: Sflll., 1S3; XIV.. i8T; XV^ 



el. Duka of SaTOy, 139 
f Anjoo, King of Has- 

. fovndad, I56;takanb7 
Bupied by Union foroa^ 



Cheopm (Kbu(u), Kin« of B| 
Oiaraaco, peace o[. 147 



Chicauo. great Rn, 136: Unirenity of. 

164; World'* Pair, 966 
Childebert II.. Kins. 11 
Childeric I., Kinc^ tho Pnuiki, 6$; II., 

71:111.. 53 
Chile, independence of. 187; nt with 

Chil^r'i|ll: '" """ " "" '" ' ' 

a»;d 

34! Tang dynasty, uy; wai wim ibchu, 
8i: Pekfn made eapilol of. loj; Last o( 
Monirpl emperots, Itl; Ming (IvmBly, 
lU; Po^tui{lII^» setllemeat at Macao. 
Iji: invaded by the Manchua, 14;: 
Manchu dynasly. iji; opium trada 
forbidden, 193; Taining rebdlLon, iflj; 
truty of Tien Tsm, in; war witb 
England and Prance. 311; end of Tai- 
ping rebellion. 131; treaty with United 
States. 14*; immLgialLon from United 
Sutes suspended. 14S; war with France, 
asi; Chinese excluded from the United 

iJl^is'loms'and^stHtabli^Kd; '751 
Kwang Hsu, 185. 3J3; "open door" in. 
Boier uprising. 185; Boier troubles, 

doof,™87;Bo.Minder--- "'- 



id by ol 



public. 



Rod ngo. battle of, 1S4 



Spain, ipi. ijo; in United State*, aii 
Civil War in United States, battles of th«. 
Big Bethel. Rich Mountain, Bull Run, 
wSson'i Creek. Ball's Bluff. Belmont, 
Mill Spring. Roanoke Island. Pea 
Ridge, Newbem. Vorktown. Shiloh, 
)ia; Williamsburg, Hanover C. H., 
Fair Oaks. Cross Keys, Mechanics ville. 
Savage Station, Fraiier's Farm, Mal- 
veroHiU. Cedar MounUlo. Ham'son'i 
Landing. Bull Run, Chantilly. South 
MounUio, Antietam. luka, Corinth, 
Perry ville. PredericksburD, Murfree*- 
boro. 114; Chancelionville. Winchester, 
Gettysburg, Chickamauga. Chatta- 

Ridge! Sabine Cross Roads' Wilderness, 
Dalton. S potts ylvania, Reaaca, Cold 



Creek, 1 






■r^-i: 



■; Vl-,' 



g. IQng of Den. 



>; ViL 



v'iii.:7o3;ix:r«7VJt.:34'7" 

Christianity, Christians, first pBTSecution, 
second. 50; third. 51; fourth, fifth, 54; 
siith, nventh. eigbth. s6; ninth, tenth. 
Edict of Toleration, first general counca. 
jg; second general council. C. in Ethio- 
pia. 601 conversion of Clovis. 64; C. 
era intnyluce-l. C. in Scotland. 661 in 
Britain. Oi; .Nestorian in China, jo; in- 
troduced into Denmark, 76: in Sweden. 
761 in Bohemia. So; in Poland. 81; in 

Christina, Ouwn of Sweden. 147. ts3 
Christopher II.. King of Denmark, 109 
Chrysippu*. 30 

Church and State, sepaTa t ion of, in PiBDce. 

19.1. 397, ioSl in Portugal, m 
Churches, Eastern and Westero, final 



-. 109: Aiil.. 173: Aiv.. 175 

enes. King of Sparta, 31.33 

lira. Queen ol Egypt, 38. 43. 44. 4 



Qissow, battle of. i6j 
Clive in India, 173 
Qontarf, battle ol, 87 
aotairell.. 67. 69:111.. TI 
Qovia I., King of the Franks. 6s; III., ■ 
Cluny. 8a 

Coalition, first against Prance. iBi:secon 
181: third, 18I! lourth. 181; fifth. 18 



C<rli. Spanish N^inister, iJO 

mar^'.'Sw1ilen?and NlJSJy.'is" 



States. ISO, 360; reject! canal ttoty. 
Colonna familir. the, no 



Compau. 1 
CodcWB 
Concordat 



3f Siei 



: of. »4S 



X States of America. Congreaa. 

CoDfederotioD. Article] of. 116 
Confederation of the Rhine. 1S3 
Confirmalio Carlarum. lOT 
ConfiJ"'- n-acK.f. 110 
Confu 






of n 



ConnauBht. Duke of. 33ft. ij8 
ConnectVut. settled. 146; Con.tUution, 

Co!I?ad [..""jimperor (of Praneonia). SOi 
II. (thcSalic). Sftilll.. 94 

Constance, peace of, 9S; t.ouncil of. 116 

Conslantine I., l-ope. JO 

Constanline 11.. Kins of Scotland. SI 

CotiKtantine IV.. Emperor. Ti; V. (Cop- 
tonymus). 75.74; V^.TSi V^L, !i.8j: 
Viri.. S3; IX. TMonomachas). 87; X. 
(Dacasl. So; XIII.. iig 

Constantinople, capital of the RomKU 
Empire. SH; ticgt of, by SaroccDi. fi; 
invested hy Arabs, 73; attacked by 
Rus.iiani. Soi captured by the Tnrlcs. 



n and the Guaritrt. 184 
on of Slates-General, firs 



Copyright law, intcrnaliona 
Cotday. Chsrlritte. i«i 



Cordoira. Sa 

Corel, invaded br Japan. 141; itoroiad 

emperor abdicates, 315; totTully an- 

Corfu. siese of. ift's 

Corinth. Greece, tyranny overtarovD. II; 

strayed by Mummiui. 37; Pa'ufat. 48; 

Corinth. Miisisiippi. occupied br TTnioa 

Cor'io'iniu"''is 

Corn Laws, in England. 1S4; repealed, 101 
Cornwallis. Lord, surrender at, 176: 
succeed. Warren Haitinss, 17B 



Corunna. battle of. 18 
Cosmo 111.. Grand Du 
Costa Rica. Walker's 



Council, of Nice. 58: the OuinisMt. 70: 
BrMl. in Vemcc. 107; often. 109; at 
Pi5a. 111; oi Constance. 114; of Basle, 



fourth. Chalccdon, 6j; fifth, Constan- 
scvent*h. N'ic" 74; elBh*h."'cSnstan- 



Cowpens.'battleo 


176 


c™"wanne«fl 
Cranmer. Archbish 

"aken by Turk 


op of Canterbury. 130 


a. iss; Greeks revolt 

331: evacuated by 



Turkey. aSi; annexed bv Greece. JS! 
Crimea, the. subjusatcd by Turks, i 



Crispi, Frances 
Croatia suhduei 
Crcesu5. KinR 01 
CromWL-li. Oliy. 



sa of 91; first, gi; cap- 



CiyalifpSlac=Mhi"ti 



Custoiia. battle of, 19s 
Cysiirei. King of the Msde), S 
Cynoicephals. battle o[. 33 
Cypselua. tyrant ol CoHata. 9 
Cypriaa. s6 

Cy_pru3. kingdom of, 99; reduced by tht 
Turks, 137 ; ceded to Great BriUin. 143 
Cyrenaica anneied by Italy. 34J 

Cyrit, Bishop of Jerusalem, 6a; of Aleaan^ 

Cyriul King of Persia. iS 
Cyiicui. battle at. 19 



md the Dalmaciuu, 49, 63 
:., Pope, eo; U., SB 



>f'perBi>. 11; IL. Id 



Dasy 



ty. Lord. IJ4 
». CUtence 5., 3 

'"' g of tl ■ 



D=.^s|''jene.ion. 

Da ye, Stephen, first priatw 

D^''ne. Silas. 176 

Deb^. Eugeoe V.. u6 

Decemvirs. 17 

Deciui. S7 

Declaration of Independeno 

Decretals, the false. T« 
Dccrficid Mawacre. 161 



Jews. 41 I.. King of 



T;So(«r,34;II-36.3B 



DeacartM. isa 

De^iderius. King. T3 

De Soto. Hernando, laT. 131 



Diat, PorHrio. Preaidant of Meiieo, 1411 

SSI. ass- it>'. 3iS. 337. 339 
Dickens. Charles. lOO 
Dickinson. Jacob M.. 3}S 
Dictionary of the French Ac 



Dio Chrysostom, so 

Dionysius. historian, 441 Pope. 56; Biahoii, 

56; Eliguus. 66 
Directory in Fiance. iSl 
Disrsli. BeniBmin. 116, 131, 138, 146 
Djerbe. batue of, 13s 



Donabew. battle of, n 



Draco, legislation of, i'n Athen 
Draft riots. 316 
Drags. Oueen of Servia. »3 
Dratt. Sir Francis, ijfl 



Duff. King of Scotland, S3 



uated, M7 

of Gotland. Si 



480 

DarhuB BtBUoii.^ 

Dutch WMt InSk I 

DyirhKJiiqiii. IwMla of, 4J 



Buly. Ccoenl Jabs! E. 




'EducatioEi,DOTnraoriflcE 

Edward. ttiB Black Prince, ill. Ill 

Ediratd (the Martyr). King o( Bbl 
Bs; Itia Confosor. 871 1.. iM. lOT, tM; 
II., loo-.m.. log; IV.. wo;V„ itiiVL, 
JHl Vll.. aas, 3S6. 100, 31B.33* 

Bdirin, King of North.mbna. «g 

Edwy. King of Britain, 8j 

Egbert. King. 7T 

Egiohard. 76 

Ecypt and Eeypttsos. (int kins of. 1; 
under the Hyfsoi. y, plundera Jeruia- 
lem. 4; invailrd hy pirates, s; atienipu 

Bi conquered by Assyria, o: invaded by 
hfebu^Iiadreiiar. 11; becgmei Fenian 
province, ij; levolli against PerBla, IS; 
drives out FrrsiiLna, iS-, conquered by 

13. e"q"ered''by'"jfiMMderr »3l™il 
pelledfrnr ■ ■ - - . . i --- 



Elandsloagle, battle of, iSl 
£Ii<, disaster. 371 
Eleanor, Queen 01 France, 06 
Electric railroad, first - - '- 



fint in nnitwl 



H-Obeid, battle of. U9 
Embargo on American port*, 18) 
Emerson, Ralph Waldo, 19J. I4B 
gmin Pasha. ISS 

Empire, nf Chariemsftnc. division 
oflhe West, the new. 7O; Holy 


EmXyera' Liability Law, 34 
^pras of Irtla-d disaster, j 


S, 



._ , , to; \Hi^»m L, 

flnt of Noraun lio^ So: wu with 
Pttnoft «, 107, i44i biuU lyMMB In- 
■ iduc^ pi: loajlar ' " ' 

_-, , i^^oo ___. 

Honnol Tudor, in; iavadad bi , 

iiG; Church at, touadad, IM: Cktho- 
ficiiin mtorad, 131; Bpkniih Annada, 
I3S; Bngliah BBd Scnttlata Cnwns 
onitad, 14J; dvil war, 14S; tba cDm> 
moawealttu iji: invadsd br Ftvwa. 
(60; UMtr of ttnlon with Bcottaad, 161; 
Ant nnitad PariiamvBt, 161; bcfin- 
fung of nanl *xA cotonhl nanDiacr, 
Ifia; Sonaaof Hanorar. 164; Scotch »- 
ballKm. 170; Bfitiah Empin ctabliitwd. 
liji BurnHM W«r. iK; &ikh Wai^ww 
with China, in Syria, iga; Kafir War, 
IM; tTMtr with JapaiL jioi OrinMM 
War, ail. aijj wai with CUna, Mt| 
Aahaoti War, 13I, 17a; aoaaiM th* 
Traruvaal. 140, 1B6; Zulu War. 144; war 
with Afghanistan, J4l; -— '^•— ■-« ' 
land. 146; riling in trai 



Egypt 



Zulul; 



^°n^^^^^i\ "' 



cedes Heligf 



Transvaal. iH; 
treaty witn uoat. j«6i alliance with 
Japan. 301: declines to pledge neutral- 

Engiavtng on wood, 130 

Epaminondas, JI 
Ephesus. 31 

Epi™m"%6* 

Episcopacy introdoced in New York. 160 

Erasmus, 116 

Erfurt. c^feU™ at. 183 

Erie VI.. King ol Denmark, 103. 107 

Eric V!I.,of Pomeiania. King ^Denmark. 

EricBl^da«"Kii!y'o'N'oVwiy. 8}; II.. loS 

Eric IX.. Kinir of Sweden, !*7iXlV., ijj 

Erie Canal, 1S6 " 

EriBona.Scotuj, 76 

Erivan taken liy Ituuia. iBp 

Esperanto Congress. 308, 3>0. 331 

EssarhsddDo. King of Assyria. * 

Esiei. Earl of, 141 

Esthonia ceded to Sweden. 151 

Eitremoi. baiile o(. US 

Ethandun, battle of, jp 



INDEX 



481 



Bugfoie. Emx>re88 of Franca, ao7 
Eugenius. 61: I., Pope. 70; II., 76; III., 

94; IV., 116 
Eumenes II., King of Pergamos, 3a 
Euric, 65 
Euripides, 16 
Europe, political reconstraction of, 

efifected, 185 
Eusebius, Bishop of Caesarea, 56 
Eusebius, Bishop of DorylsBum, 63 
Eusebius, Pope, 58 

Eustathius, Bishop of Thessalonica, 96 
Eutropius, 60 
Eutycnianus, Poi>e. 58 
Evagoras of Cyprus, ao 
Evagrius, 66 
Evaristus, Pope. 52 
Evil-Merodach, King of Babylonia, 10 
Exodus, the. 4 
Eylau. battle of, 183 
Ezra. 16 



Pabianus. Pope, 56 

Fabius Maximus, 35, 33 

Fabius Pictor. 30 

Factory Bill, 190 

Falaise. treaty of, 97 

Falk Laws. 239 

Falkirk, battle of, xo7 

Pallicres. President of France, 30S 

Famine in Ireland, 19a 

Farini. 219 

Farragut. Admiral. 224 

Fashoda affair. 280 

Fatimites. the. 83 

Faure. President of France. 271, a77. a8i 

Fehrbellin, battle of, 157 

Felix L, Pope, 56; III., 64; IV., 66; V., 

116. 118 ' 

Felix. Minucius, 54 
F^nelon, 160 
Fenian troubles, aja 
Feodor I., Emperor of Russia, 141 
Ferdinand I., King of Aragon. 1x4 
Ferdinand I.. Emperor of Austria. 191. 197 
Ferdinand I.. King of Castile and Leon, 

87J IV.. 106. 108 
Ferdmand II., Emperor of Germany, 145; 

III.. 149 
Ferdinand I.. Emperor and King of Hun- 

gary and Bohemia. 1^3 
Ferdinand II.. King of Naples. ai9 
Ferdinand of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha elected 

King of Bulgaria, 25S 
Ferdinand VI., King of Spain, X71; VII., 

187 
Ferdinand II.. King of Tuscany, 145; II., 

179 
Ferdinand L (IV.), King of United Naples 

and Sicily, 187 
Ferrer, Francisco. 327 
Ferry ministry. 247 
Feudal system in England. 88 
" Field of the Cloth of Gold. " X28 
Fillmore. Millard, President of United 

States, 196 
Finland, conquered by Russia, 165; 

southern jpart ceded to Russia, 171; 

Russitication policy, 28X 
Finnish Diet, women elected to* 3x3 

26 



Fiji Islands annexed by Great Britain, 
239 

Fisheries, 24a. 346. 261, 300, 308, 3aa. 334 

Flagellants, the. xoa 

Flaminius, battle of. 33 

Flanders, and the Flemings, seat of western 
industry. 8a; defeated by France, xo8; 
flourishing period of traae, xi8 

Flavian, 6a 

Fleurus, battle of. x6o 

Fleurv. Abbott of, 84: Cardinal, 169 

Flodden. battle of. xao 

Florence, capital of Italy, aa7 

Florianus, Emperor of Eastern Empire, 59 

Florida discovered, 127; invaded by 
Indians and Spaniards. 170; ceded to 
United States, 186; secedes, aaa 

Fontanet. battle of. 76 

Fontenov. battle of, 17Z 

Force bills, 266 

Formosa. 251; ceded to Japan, 371 

Formosus. Pope. 80 

Fornovo. battle of. x a4 

Fort du Quesne. X72; William Henry, X7a; 
St. Nicholas. ao9; Sumter, aaa; Hat- 
teras. aaa; Henry, aaa; Donelson, aaa; 
Pulaski, a 34; Wagner, aa6; Pillow. aa6; 
McAllister, a28; Fisher, aaS; Sumter, 
aa8 

Forum. Trajan. 5a 

Fox. George. X50 

France, set apart from Germany by 
treaty of Verdun. 70; final separation, 
80; war with England. 90. X07; fruitless 
attempt to invade England, xia;^ adds 
Burgundy and Artois, laa; Bnttany 
united to the Crown, 124; annexes 
Genoa, x 26; obtains Metz. Toul, Verdun, 
1^2; civil wars in. X34. 136. 138; alliance 
with Holland. X46; receives Metz, Toul, 
Verdun, Alsace, Breisach, 150; secures 
Alsace. 152; war with Netherlands, x^^; 
war with Germany, X57; most formid- 
able Power in Europe, 156; invades 
England. x6o; loses Canada, 173; 
French Revolution. X79, x8x; war with 
Prussia and Austria. X79; declared a 
Republic. 179; end of Reign of Terror, 
181; acquires all German territory west 
of Rhine. 183; invades Portugal. 183: 
monarchy restored. 185; Revolution of 
1848. Republic proclaimed, 195; Revolu- 
tion of 185X. national assembly dis- 
solved, aoi; second empire. 205: de- 
clares war against Austria, 219; annexes 
Nice and Savoy, aai; war with China, 
aai. asi: Mexican expedition. 227; ac- 
quires Venetia, 231; Franco-Prussian 
War. a3S. a37; Republic declared. a3S; 
compulsory education act. 349; separa- 
tion of. a97; declares war on Austria 
and Germany. 404 

Franche-Comt6 ceded to France. 156 

Francis I., Emperor of H. R. E., 171: 
II.. 179; assumes title of Francis I., of 
Austria, 183 

Francis I.. King of France. X36; II.. IJ4 
Francis of Lorraine, Grand Duke of Tus* 

cany. 169 
Francis II., King of Naples, axp 

Francis Ferdinand, Archduke of Hungary, 
40a 



Francis Jtaeph I„ Enip«ror of Auitri 

197, JSI.J6J 

Franciscan I^ian. Order of. iiut[Lut«d. i> 
FrancQ- Prussian war, battles of, Niedt 
bronn, Surbri^ck. WeLBKnbiug,Wocrt 
Forbach. Meti. CourceJleg. Vionvlll 
Gravelotle, RfioDville. Chaloni. Seda 
Orleans. Soissona. Mont Valerie 
Cotilmiera, Beaune-la-Rolonde, Pod 
Noydles. ajs; Bapaumo. Lt Mac 
Belfort, St. Oueatin, 337 



ire. Bursundiau lubjected. 



Fcauenstaat, battle o^ 163 

Frederick I.. King of Denmark »nd Nor- 

«ay. no; 11.. tjs; IV., 161; V., iri; 

VI., iSjj Vll,. lus; VIII., joj 
Frederick 1., Barbaroasa. Emperor of H. R. 

E.. 96. 08. m: II., 100, 101; 111., 116, 

iiS 
Frederick, Elaetor Pdatini of GenuDy, 

Frederick Augustus I., King of Poland. 

161. i(3S:U.. 1(10 
Frederick William I., King of Prussia, 16s. 

II.. 179; 111.. 181; IV., jjj 
Frederick Augustus II.. King of Saxony. 

Frederick I.. King of Sweden. 160 
Frederick William tlie threat. Elector of 

Braodenburg. 140. 15J, 157 
Frederick III., Emperor of Germany. 2^5 
Frederick 1.. King of Prussia. lOj; li.. 

(the Great), 17'. 179 
Frederick III.. Elector of Brandenburg 

(Frederick 1., King of Prussia), 150. 



Prie<Iland. battle of. 1S3 
Proissarfa C'ftfonicitJ. iii 

Fugitive Slave La>^. lad. 3 
Fulloil. Robert. iS3 
Ftinston. General. iSS 



Galicia invaded by Russia, ji 
Galileo, 146 
Gania, Vascoda, 114 
Gambetta, 23s. 241. 247,248 
Garcia IV., King of Navarre, 



Gauuma (Buddba), bon, 10 

Gaynor, Mayor, 332 

Geary Law. as*, 2O2 

Gei». King ta Hangary. S5 

Gelasius I.. Pope, 64: II.. 94 

Geio, tyrant orSyracuH. 15 

Geneva award. 236 

Genghis Khan, Emperor of the Moneoli, 



..-.,, - , ,. _.ialand. 164, 168; if., 

168;III..172.184;IV..1B6;V..3J2.335. 

reorge L, King of Schleawig-Bolitsiil, 



lermaay. and the Germans, defeated by 
Cssar, 43: invaileil by Maiiminus, 57; 
by Northmen. 76: by Normans. 70; 



Ge 




ic Confederation 


i8s. 1ST 






U 


jflhC^Aitfn^o" 








N 






Tr. 


pie 


Alliance, 1 49: 




251 




equ.ies HeliBOla 


d, isi; 




Ca 




e? Pelew, LaJron 


Islands 






u"l 


val program. 285 


. 404?de 


B 








vades L 








ml Ilelgium, ' 4 






Fra 






ron'se 








ar*«Ith'jap"n" 


6s; war 








egro. 36s 






Geron 










Gela. 










Gett, 


bu 


B, battle of, 2 
3S6 


16; tem 


1-ce 


Gh^c 


M 


iTur Pasha, itl. 






Chen 


■■.^'^^''°Pu°'i>iA 


L"^"" 


. 1 



xs.' 



Girard College founded. 19D 
Giieh, 2 
Gladiators, first, if 



GUdstone. W. B., 



INDEX 



Iriili Home Rule BUI. 3641 denouncga 
HouH of Lords, 16S1 resigDI office. 36S1 
criticizes actioa ol Europeftn Powert, 



CleniiQwer. Owen, 1 



Alu 



vend 



1 Califori 



a Ball. the. H 

Golden Fleece. Ord< 
Goldsmith, Oliver, .. . 
Good Hope, Cape of, discovered, 1 
Gordian I. Emporor 

Gordon, "Chinese,-' „ 

Gordon. "No Papery" riou, Ij6 
Gorm the Elder. Kins. 79 
Goths, iavaslon of Rome by. ST. 
- ■ ■ ■„ Alini, Oj 



SJiII.. ST;1II..J7 



Gotlae 



k, 78,. 



□nt. Dulns oI, 2 



^al def 



sses.S.. aieue'at Vicl 

,□; President, iji 
t. 33b; retired. ISO; 

Lin (i« England) 
Til. the. 116 
eeks. Mycenesn >i 
ition.silyric poetry 
■ Egypt, ii; fonuc 



plished, 1B9: kingdom □(. ipi; cor 
lion, lojj wai with Turkey, ill 
with BulgariB, 3ST, ^aneiei 



483 



Greenland diicwered, it; tributary 
Norway. 105 



5g:II.,T»;II1..7J;r 
go: VlII.,0B;lX.,it 
ijXII., lUjXIU., ij 



?c'io''i;i i7 

XV., MSI XVI., ,«. 
Oregorir of Naiianius. &o 

cleloEy Il'Tl^n."&i^*' * 

Cr^y. Jules, Pratidsnt of Prwtci. 

Grey, Earl. 336 

Grey, Sit Edward. 342, 361 

Grimoald, Dtike of Benevento. 71 

Grospaa. battle of. iSi 

Crossiigerodorf, 173 

Groliufc ISO 

Cuadaloupe Hidalgo, treaty of, 194 

Guadaloupe settled, 146 

Guam ceded tc UniLed Statei, 18a 



st'Roi. 14J 
I., Vasa, King 



Habeu Corpoi Act, (uipeniiDO of, 1B6, 

H:^M IV.. King of Norway. 101 
Hadrian f.. Pope, 711 1I-. 18; III.. 78; IV., 



treaty of. If 
I. battle of, 1 
ided, 170 



Bohemia and Hungary to, 

■inu. 8j;III., 87 

mm. King of Denmark. H 

foot). King of Bnoland.STi 



if United State), ipj 



t. Sir Robert. 115 
yard Collece louDds 
cnbecii, battl. 



Haitinn, Wumn. IJ4. I)B 

Hatsliepaet (Hutiuu). Queen of Egypt. 3 
Havana uken by the Eoglish. 171 



Uaycj 


R. B 


PrU. 


entoiWniosdStai 




u. 106 


197 




















ay-P-unce 






JB4. 


86.a8» 










xa. IBI 


^1 


^H« 


V.Ut 


«o 


















wfr^ 




of the 




60 




eEdelberg, Univen 


ity 


(Ti™ 


Dded, III 


dilhr. 


nn. U 










eine 


HeLnr 


ch. lit 


















cli^^ 


ind!" 












an Re 
t Sluy 


ju'bHc 


et 


IM 






LOi 














bailie 


of. 








prfr 












rV.. Kine of 


Ca» 






enry 


I.. Ki 


Bo{E 


"Kla 


"''■>^ 


11,. 56,!. 



VI.. 116. IIJjVll., I3,l;VjII., Ij6. 118 
Henry I., King of Prance, S6. GH; II.. Ijn 

lir.. ij6. ijS; IV., ij8, 140 
Henry I.. King of Germany, 80; II.. 84. 86; 

III.. SO. 881 IV.. 88. 90. 91. 91; v.. 9>. 



HerxdKL 
Her^C'O' 
Hcssi-Ci 



Hicks Pu»h:i. J 
Micro ol Syraci 
Hicro. tyrant r 

H!s;?l:'?;;i^t' 

Bilary of Poitir 



Bildebrand. SS. 
I i mora. batll< 



■.P., 



lippocratei, IB 
jippolytm, 54 

lobbcs.' ^homu. 148 
Hohenfriedberg. batlle of, ITi 
Hohenlinden. battle of. T81 
Hohenlohe-Sehillingfufit, 169, l84 

Hohe"L>LLern!'Kou» of. u6 
Holbein. Hani, painter. ri8 
Holland, bcEinnina of Dutch iodepea. 



,'?!.■ 



s."; 



with Franc. 



iSSi 



H^atein-Gotlorp. House of, 1,. 
Holy Roman Empire, end of. 183 
Home Rule in Ireland, 34a. 3*6. 348, 3S0. 
3SJ.3S6. 3S!, 36o-,36l 

H™Udon'^m''batlirSf?'lfs' * 
Hong-Kona ceded to Great Britain. 191 
Honoiim I., Pope, 6B; II., P41 Ul., 100} 

us. Emperor. 6t 

looker. General Joseph, "4 

I (Apries), King of Egypt, 11 



HoHh tie Great. Uuke of France, 81; of 
Vermandois, 01 

Hugo. King, Bo 

HuEuerots. rclicioua liberty granted to. 
I J4; colonize Pli,ri^Ia. ijj; destroyed by 
SpaniatdSj^ JJ5: routed at Jarnae. 136; 

Hul". Gen" 



Humbert I,. Kin 


{ofltaly, 343, MI. JSt 


Hundred Days 


n France. IBs 


Hundred Years 




HuoEary. Hun 


^ifiaiis, entered by the 


Mafiyars, Bu. 




Soliman. mas 


ir'of!" ui/de^l'ares'"; 










Hunneric, King 


of the Vandals, 64 


lSnyady.*Juhn 


J 


luskisson-s free 
Iuss.Jo!.n. 1.4 


trade system, 186 



HvRinuS. Pnpt. 5i 
Hyks.«. kinRS of Efiypl. J 
Hypatka of Alexandria, 6a 



INDEX 

Italy. > 



mUichua. 5S 

Eland, }8. ;o.' 105 
anium, battle of, 99 
__sU(lt. battle ol, 199 

Snatiua, St.. 53; patriarch, 7fl 
pa. battle af, 33 
"Tnoii admitted. iSfi 

ipeachment of Prnident Johnion, 333 

■gainst Scythian invaden. 41; invaded 

e»t aplBndot. 134; tfio Mahratta power, 
ISS; helcht of Mogul power in, ISO! 
ityia All Ksiiu^neriih. 174. its: 
Great Mahratu War, Hi; MahistU 
power overthrown. 187; Sikh War. igi. 
106; Pun jaub annexed. ip6; Oudh an- 
nexed, atj; Sepoy rebellion, 314, 316; 
D?l hi capital. 341 



odulf. King of Scotia 
ndulaence. Declaratic 
ne. King, ?■ 



^SSrVoii'l^vTr-o? 


v.. 


o^V 


'iio- 


HL, 114! VIII.. 11 


3; IX, 


141: X 






.XII 


. I6fl 




<;uial™. 168/ 148 








quisilion. the, 100, 








tilote of France, i 










heRo 






Uranee.'wor'kinBff 




ccident 






Nfltio 


aal Bill 


338 1 


Worli;i^mcn->.^33i 


Bill. 






er-SUM Commerc 


BUI. 


ISl 




ian Islandi. repub 


lco(. 


18T, giv 












us. battle of, 16 ■ 








lique bombarded. 










the N 








ISO; F 




..utbrealis, iJSi Iro 


ubleji 


, 14fil Home 


Rule in Qdfaat. 16 









^"i.a^mn^n; 
ella IL. Queei 
clla of Castile 
ria. 6s 
irus of Seville 

111 No. 10 
lil. Khedi 



iken by United States, 13 
I of Eeypl, m 

ath of Abab, Jeha win 



id luliant. Son 



S anted to. 40; conquered by Thcodoric, 
; Byiantine power In. 67; conquerea 
by Lombards. 67Lun>t"> with Germany, 
8>! invaded by Frederick I. of Ger- 
many, 06; war with Frederick II,. 103: 
invaded by Louis IV.. log; papal power 
restored, iii! invaded by Prance, 116, 



Jackson, Andrew. 184; Prsudent of United 

States. 168. 100 

I ackson, "Stonewall," aj6 
^lio."«'vUd."a'™ 
ames II.. King of Aragon. 106 
amc> I., Kin. of England (VI., of Scot- 
land). 141: II.. IS8. 160 
James 1.. King of Scotland, iij; II.. 117; 
III., no; IV., 11,, 114: V„ ij6; VI., 
(I., of England). 134. 14a 
Jamesoo. Dr.. a;). 373, >74. 3i6 
Jameson raid. m. 3J1. 176 
Jamestowa. Va., eettled, 141; eipodtioa. 



ansenisls. the. 148, IJi, 1S4 . 
ansenius. Dnhop of Ypres. 148 
apan, first Mikado Jimmu Tenno. 9; 
rise of feudal nobility. 70; war between 
the Taira and Minamoto. 9?! the Taiia 
exterminated, ftlinamoto in supreme 
control, eo; the fall of the Minamoto, 
succeeded by the Hoio clan. loi; 
Shogunate seized by the Fujiwaia, loji 
fall of Hojo family. 111; fcudaliim 
perfected, iii; treaty with Portugal, 
13a; fall of Ashikaga ahoguni. 1371 
invade. Corea. 14.; treaty With IJmte<i 
States. 108; treaty with Great Britain, 
iiD; treaties with the United Stales, 



l^'^nVand! so^lt^a^li 
leclarea war on Germany. 



Jeddah, bimibardRient of, 116 



Jeffw 



I. Tlioniu, Mini 



Ige. IS* 

„.v. King or judBb. a 

jt.-. u-ltfeof. i8j ' 

. eroboam II.., Kinn of Israel. 6 

by Shaihanlc i 



Llem." plunder..- _ 
in by BabylonUnt 

[9 built by Nihemi 



eiMllc 
\U.. 



1; fegypti; 



36; taken by Herod, temple 
.I....,,,. .rue ted, 44: rebuilt. 51; Ukenlir 
Peraiani. 69; by Arabs. 71; captund by 
Turkj, gl: Mken by the Cnuaders. 93; 
taken by Saladin. 99 



pelled (rom Prance, i 
France. IT] I eipeltsd 
re^stabliihed. iSa; e 
many, 13T, eipelled 
cupelled from religiom 



le'^iitiVa^iS^ 
Cbina, iJQi en 
73 1 ■uppre^od ii 

I pelled fram Get 
from Rome, aao 
I hDusea in Prance 



ohnmnrAndre 
onathan. 36 


If Prendadt at VmUti 


re John P.ul. 


76. 


Il4, 


'Bpii'. 


f Gonnany. 161 


I6J 


II.. 


o^h Inking 'ai¥iuncarr. 159 


S 





Judah. kingdom of, aepamtioD of, (rom 

larael. 4; Jehoaaphat. King. 6: Uuiah. 
King. 6; Jervboam II., brHeHkiAh, 6; 
relormatjon ol Joiiafa. t; invadad by 
Egyptiana, o; conquered by Babylon- 

Judu MaccatMiiB, 34. jB 
udea, dominaUd by Ptolaniiea^ 10 ; coa- 
quered by Antiochoa the Great. ^J; 
becomes Roman proyinca, 441 Pontiu* 



ki^gifoJirot l5rke1."'end'"f'kmgdSmof 
Judah, 10; edict of Cyrui [or return of 

fro'mllaly. 49i'l^t«ndMlinBl?on. so: 
their revolt. Si; persecuted in Spain, 70; 
eipollcd From England, 107; persecuted 



n Russia. 359: eipelled (rom Moscow, 
61; in Roumania, loo; KishinelT mas- 
acre. J9i; eipelled from Kiefl, 331; 
leiisis alTalr. 3J0 
anneshurB. ni. i«4 
,n. King of, Abyssinia. 357 

In IV.. King 'of Brapanta, 140 



iohn Uckl'andi'King of England, 00. lOI 
ohn (t!ie Good). Kins of Prance. 110 
ohn Albert. King o( Poland. US 
ohn II., King of Portugal, 112; V.. 163; 

John I.. Poprbs": llTool ni-. 6S; IV.. 70: 
v., 70; VI.. 70; Vll., 70; Vlll.. 58; iX., 
Sii:>:.,go;X[.. 8i;XII.. 8j:X1II.. 81; 
XIV.. Si, XV,. 84: XVI., R4: XVIL, 
S4; X\ 111 , S.i; xIX., 861 XXII.. 108, 



Pope. s8; II., 1151 III.. 113 



e.p«li 



'Bded 1 



ition of, 186 
by Robert*, 147 

Mi». 



iie.^fr«"util™ve'nti^f^'a?6^5i,"h8 

English. >i6 
Kansas- Nebraska Bill. 30S 
Kant. 176 
Kaou-Tsung. 



1, battle c 
It lie of, 1 



d Alabama. 316 



74^ admitted, 17B 



Khiva u ken by Russia. J19 
Khokand anneied to Russia. 141 
Khorassan. 77 
Khufu (Cheops). King of Egypt, a 



I'Chau, occaiued by GenDftay, 



Kin-Chow, battle of 
Kinderlen-Waechler, 
King PhiUp's War. 



156; WilliBm 



Knfehti ol St.To'hn, 'io8,''i09 
Kniijnu TcmpUn louadcd. 94, loS 

Knaii 'Philani^, Secretuy of Sute, 3ifi> 

iia. 136 
Kobad at Penia. 65 
Kollin. battle of, ITJ 
Korea, stt Coiea 
Kompcdlon. battk of. 16 



Kuang Hau, Emperor of Chin», 

Kubiii Khan. Emperor of China, [om 
of the Mongol dyiuBty, t05 

Kunderjdori, battle of, I7J 
Kuroki. General. 197 
Knropatkin. General. 199, 301 
Kutc^lc-Kainarji. peace 0^ i;j 
Kwang-chau-waa ceded to Franc*, 71 



Labor: in Belgium, igS. 1001 in EDglaad. 

190. ISB. J78. 30S. 344. 346. 34B; in 

Germany. I'go. 13T. 35t». 3301 in Italy. 
]6q: in Ru»J>. i«9, 303, 305; in Spain. 
3S9; in Swiiierland. 34S; id United 
State). 153. 361. i6g, 17a, 171, 176, iSg. 
ago. 191. 104. leS. 300, 3n3. 304, 306, 
La Br'uyere, critic, 16D 

Ladislas' l' (the Saint), Kins of Hunglry, 

-■ '" I.. King of Poland, fli 

I bought by Germany, 3 S3 



Ladys 

Ufa> 



ror. 



. 170; i 



It Olm 



l^al i, 



c. Archbishop of Canterbury, ( 



Languedoc, canal of. 154 
La Rochefoucauld. !S4 
La Rochelle reduced. 14^ 
Lascaria. Theodore, Emperor, loi 
Lateran Councili, Pint. Second. 04 

Laud, Arehbiihopof Canterbury, 146. 14S 
Lauenburg lold to Pruuia. 729 
Laial-Monlmarency, Biibop o( Neir 



ani. and Lair, PubliliHn. ij; Gregorian 
code □( civil. 56; Burgundian, 64; Salic 
6a, log; Canon, establishment of, 04; 
Alien and Sedition. iBo; Com, 1841 

1 Eagiuid. 



393; Employers'aLiability, i 

Laybach. conareu of, monarch* at, iSt 

League, of the Poreit Cantoni. 1071 (d the 
Public Weal, ijo; Holy LMgue. Ia6i 
of Cambray, 137; Catholic. 136. 138, 
146; Catholic and Proteitant, 1J3; of 
AuEiburg, 158; of Hanover, 168; tb* 
Erfurt, im: National, 364 

Leavenworth. Kansas, founded, tot 

Lecbfeld. the battle of. B3 

Lee. General Robert E.. 334; snrTvnder oft 

ion of Honor, 183 
.esnano. battle of, 96 
.eibniti, philosopher. 160 
■ ter. Earl of. 13S 

c. University of, 1141 battle of, iSJ 



Leo I.. Pope. 63; IL. to; III., 74: IV., 78: 
v., 80; VI.. so; VII.. 83: VIII.. 83; IX.. 
88; X., 137; XI., 143; Xn„ i8t; JtllL, 



Le 


po'ld'ill.. 
paid L, Ki 


B of'B"?i' 


i3;tV..II 
m. 191; II 


319, 


Le^pild L. E 


mperor of 


Germany. 


I5S 



nski. Sunislai, King tJ Poland, 



Leuthen, battle < 



Lewis and Ciark expedition, 181; upoli< 
Leyden University ol, lj6 



I.iao-Tnna p«nln»al» ratwoad to Chfaaa, 

Liio-Yane. battle nl. »T 

Liberal puty in UoiMBtMM, I»l 

Liberator, the. 190 

Liberiui. pppo. 60 

Li6«e. ■>«« of. ^os 

Lieemii. batiieof. I7t 

LiEoy, battla oF. ISJ 

Li Hung Chang, 37 1> iTi. Tt 



Lbniham.'elMMd PlwUMlfc II 
cofnTlHrUaoi', lOI 



Iddcofn, batUa ol*. 
Uiiil.JohD.3S6 
Umntch, Guwral, 301 

IdibOD. iiaat ant at tnda, 1141 pases of, 

LitbowKia, battle of, 73 

Uttle Rock taken Vj Uiiltad ttrntm, 

Li"<u 



aie>; 



TJmnSm^ Walea. idt 
Lloyd-Geonre. David. 31S, 314. 33B 

LabositE. battle oC, 173 

Locke. John. 160 

LocLitcxhI, Lieutenant, 148 

Locomotive, first Btaam. 181 

Lodi, peace of, 111; battle o{, iBi 

LoUius, 47 

Lombard/ and the Lombardi, 67, 69, ' 

London, great plague and fire. 1 v? em 

□(. 1S8: confetcnce, 190, 
Lo'T'^ 3S5 
Longfeliov, I^enrv w!, 148 
Long laland. battle of. 176 

Longueville. 151 

l^ngvy taken by ?i»Qce, ITP 

Long Parliament. 14S. 151 

Prance. 169; Houw of, i7iiBBneKd to 
--S;ceded toGerniany, 337 



Lorn 



Emperor of Italy aod Lorn 



76; l'-.78: II., Empeforol Germany. 04 
Loubet. Bmlle, Freiident of France. 181, 



Bj: VI,. P4; VIL, 04, oiSilX.. 
iog;XI.. lib, iio;XIL, 134; Xiv.. 130. 
■ 1; XV., 164, 159: XVl., 17s. iBli 

jTrection attempted 

igj; acapef. 193; elected preai- 
of Fiance, 103; «"■» d'Jfol. lOI; 
■ Goofiacatioa 01 Orleani ptoparty. 



Lonii Napol< 



■JtiS 



Into Parla. lOj; prtN 

>as (m> NapolMO IILi 
Lonii PhiUpp* L, Eist c< naoM, la*. tM> 
Looli L (tha Oarmut), Sac cf OamanT. 

TO. 78; 11., 78; UL (tbraiiU).Bo; IV^ 

LooiaX (thePion*), ^Bparar.rt 

T null II TTinii nf nilmiiii ■nil riiiii^n. 

King c4 HaavuT, Itt 
^ by the EnfUih, iMi 
ancs. 170; captBiad nr 



-s;a , 




1. battle of. ij 

.u CheoE-Niieng, Premlar, 3 

■ncUiuB, 38 



Lueullua, 40 
.udwig III., King of Bavar 
.nil I.. King of Portugal, 11 



.nndy'i Lane, battle ol. 184 
,unAvi]]e. Peace of. l83:captarad, 406 
,nther. Martin. 136. 117. I38 

battle of. 147. 181 

ourg. Manhall. 160 

ladg neutral tenitorr. 1311] 



invaded by^ Gei 
Lycophr 



I6J 



Lyon, General Nathaniel, 111 

Lyoni, General Conneil of, 

united with Prmnce, 108 

LyttoB. Lord, 188 



Macaotay, iiB 

Uacbeth, King of ScolUnd, 87, 80 
Macdonald. &ir John A.. 143 
Macedonia, 10, 17. IB. 33. 37. 17T 

Uachiavelli, Niccoia 114 

MacMahon, Manhat, >3S, 13T> *tO, 1411 

ibiui. 61 



U>dero,Pniaee«(»I., PretidcBtof Uoilco, 
3SS. 3J7. 3*1. iS3. 3SS 

Hiidsira, dHCovered. 117 

Madison. Jbrih. President of Unitwl 

Madru, 'founded. 1401 taken by English, 



Maenui I. (the Good], King of Norway, 

87; n.. 105 
lilagous L. King of Sweden. 105; Smek, 

Mahm'ud of Gli'Mm's?^^ 
Mahmud II.. Sultan ofTurkey. 183 



Mas 



v; ged by French uid 



Ml 



tsken by France. 170 
™.,uu.iHill.batUeof,,4T 
Makaroff, Admiral. 105 
Malcolm I., King of Scotland, S3; II., SSi 

HI.. 89. 91. M 
Mat don, battle of. SI 
Malplaquct, buttle of. 164 
Malta, given to Knighu of Rhodaa. IJI; 

besieged by Turks, las 
Mamelukes, the rulers of Egypt, 103, It>T 



Manchu 
M and ah 



invade Chini 



MS 



1. taken by the Eniliab. I71;bBtIIe 

ns 

Ma bVtlle of II 

el Camncnus.'Eni'pcror.QS: II.. 115 

El II., King of Porlucal, 31T, 3iS>, 



Margaret of Fanna. Rcgesl of tba Nether- 
Maria, bueen of Portugal, itt: II., log 
Maria Christina. RegeSc of Spain. log 
Maria da Gloria, Queen of Portugal. iS« 
Maria Theresa, Empress ot Austria, iti 
Maria Theresa of Spain. Queen of France, 



Marlborough. Duke of. 161 

M™glia.*brttle'of'' 16^ 
Mar»aiea (Masulia) founded, 9 
Marshall Islands, aonued by Gsrmui 

Ma^ius of Padua, 108 

Marston Moor, battle of, 150 

Martinigue leiiled. 146 

Mary. Queen of EnEland. IJi; 11.. Ifi 

(wife of George V?). jjB 
Mary. Queen of ScoU. 130. 134, 'i 

138 
Maryland, settled. T46; a royal provini 

MatTbeles. the, 374 

Matanias. bombaidment of. 37S 



■frr'" 



II.. ;S: III., 11; IV., 



Maine. 156; deprived of Chartei 
Massalia (Marseilles) founded. 9 
Massinissa. King of S'umidia. 3S, . 
Mather, Increas;. itS 
MaIilda.daughIerafHearTl..ofE 

Maicathiaa. the Haimonean. 34 
Matleo Visconli, master of Mill 

1. Emperor of Gen 













Maurice. 
M&a 


he Cappa 


docian 


.69 


elector ol 


n'^^of A 


strU. 


En 


peror ot 


MaifmNia 


ni'K 


of fi 


war 


a. 19S 


Maiimilia 


]k^nT 


137 


Gen 


n'any, 113, 






















::Brdinal. 








aieppa. 


revolt of. 
estigation 


1 






cSrtiiy 


C'^nml' 


J 






cClellan 


^eorge B„ 




IcKenaa 


Reginald 








cKinley 


WVlliam 


p". 




of Unitad 




74. iBo, 


84. J 


6. J 




McNamar 










Meade, G 










UcdicSLl School, hn 


in AawiM, 11* 



490 

Msdiei, Cktherins de. Qaeea of Pn 

Hedici. the, iii. laj, 119. IJI. UT 

Uedina, Duin of. 159 

Membs'lui. i( - 

MehemC '" 

Melanct 

Melaiio. u»iie 01. i;ii 

MelikofT. Gsneril, 147 

Mellen. Chui. S.. 361 

Menandcr, 15 

Meneleli. Kingof Abyni 

Mencs. Kina of Egypt. 1 



. ruler □( EsTpt, igj 



leok^"™ f fe 



tTHf"" 



^Line, endof, 73 



Mery-sur-SeEne. 63 

Uesuna.bittlaot, 99 

Hesseaian war*, fint, 7; Mcond. g; third. 



i8s;'ds[eiited by Tiuni. 
h Piance. 191; war vith 



lael I,. Empe'ror. )"ll., yr/llL, 
.. 87; v.. 87; VI.. 80; VII.. 91 
inel. Emperor "^ Kirj«n. rnr 

ing'of Numidia. M 
L.Tiingof PoUod. 87. « 
miKuvi. MOm. Kine oE Portugal, 1' 

Mllan.''KiaR o'f^icrvia. 349, 357 
Milan, acquired by Spaiu. 130 
Miles. G«icral. 178 
Mill. John Stuart. 194 



MinnL-sota State government organiied 

. Minorca captured by the English, i6j 
^ Ui&t. United Statei, «tabliih«d. 17S 



MobUe Uken by Onion farces. iiS 

Modder River, battle o[ the, iSi 

Modoc war, 136. nS 

Mohaci. battle oF. iss 

Uabammed. 6S. 69 

Mohacamed I.. Sultan of Turkey. list 

IL, 119; III., 141; IV.. IS"; V. ,31s 
Moldana. part of, acquired by Ruuia, 

181;. united with Wallachia mto Rou- 

Molibe, IS4 

Molinoa de Ray. battle ot, 194 

Monaatic Life, beginninfl of, 56 

MoneUry Union, LaCiu, 151; United' 

Slatei National Commiuion. 141 
Money Trust investisation. 346 

Monk, g'" '" 



Monk. General. 154 



if. 1S8; I 



Moody and Sankey. ijS. 340. 384 
Moorish power, end of in Spain. IJ4 
Moots, the, enpelled from Tuscany. 143 
More. Sir Thomas. ij6. .30 
Motea. the. conquered by Venice, 159 
Morgan. J. P.. J90 

Morocco, war with Spain, 319; open door 

with France and Germany .'3a j; Agadir 
affair, 3Jfl. 3411 French protoctoratB. 



MOKllc. Bnny of the. 361 
Moiquica Cout, 167 
Motley. John Lolhrop, 134 
Mount Bidon. battle of, 61 
Mt. McKinley, 346 

Unhlberg. Iwttlc of, 133 

Uukdeo, 197. 'V), 301 

MulUh, the mul. 390, >gi, 331 

Mummius. 37 

Munich, trwy of, ipT 

Muiad v.. Sultan of Turkar, 141 

Murit. King o[ Napls, iS) 

MuravieS, 1S5 

Murens. conspiracy of, 4s 

Murillo. painter. 154 

MusKt. Alfred de. 314 

Mustapha I., Sultan of Turkey. 14s: II., 

161; ni.. 173; IV.. 1« 
Mutiny Bill. IS« 

Mutauhito, Emperor of Japan. 347 
Mycale. battle o(. 15 
Mycerinui (Menltaum), Kina of Egypt, t 

Myllu's affair. 3J& 
MyAore. kingdom of. 173 



Nabonamt, King of Babylon. 
Nabor.idui. Kins of Babylon, i 
Nabopolastar. King of Babylon 



revolt' of. lii: union with Si 
Napoleon L, Emperor of Che 
Bonaparte. Napoleon), cru»>i< 
at Conference of Erfnrt i8j; 
Maria Lomsa. lis: birtd of 



Sidi?!'i'«7 



En by United Sute* troop*. 



byZulua", 144 " " ' 

National debt of United St«te«, 190 



^e Bill, 33S 



Navarino. battle of. iSp 
Navigation Act iia 
Naioi. battle of. ai 
Nebraalia admitted, aio 
KSngofl 



Nebucbadi 
NKho II., Ki 



IS I.. King of Egypt, i 



Netherlands, received by Philip of Spain, 
134; declared independent. 151; in- 
vaded by Prance. IS4: war with Enf' 
laod, 154', traniformed into Bataviui 
Republic. iSi; united. iSs 

New Amiterdam occupied by the Bog* 

Newbury, battle of, ijo 

New England Colonies. Confederation of. 

New Hampihire settled, 144 

New Meiico. 311. 344 

New Netherlands ce;ied to England. IJx 

New Orleans, settled, 1O6; batUe of. ii4; 

taken by United States. 114 
Newspaper, first American dady, 176 
NewUnrlir Isaac, 154. 15S. 'A 
New York, Greater, J76, IjS 
Ney. Marshal. 107 
Niagara Falls, peace coafeimce at, 363 



naeied to France, 



Nicholas I„ Emperor o( Rusaia, 1K7, 113; 

NieholU'i.f'l^ope. 78: 11-. 88; III., 104; 

IV.. I06;V.,anli-pope. llo;^ope. 118 
Nicholson's Neek. batde of. i8> 
Niciaa. peace of, 17 
Nicomedei III,. King of Bithynia. 41 
Nicopoll*, battle of, 40; lis: tftkea, 141 
Niciic. battle of. 343 
Nietiaws. Statute of, ui 
Niger River, iSB 
Nicetia, 378 
NiEilieto, the, 147, 353 
Nile, cipioration of the, 174 
Nimegucn. peace of , 156 
Nineveh, capital. 6; destrond, S 
Niua. battle of, rip; 161 
Nitbard, the Jesuit, isi 



Nln-chwmac, iTi. kit 
NoaillM, CkMiukl do, il 
Nasi. G«Denl. 3 



KonnMU, tbs, 77. 79 

Nonh. Lord, 174 

Korthamptflii, «M(a of, 9T; bsttia o(, iio 

KDtth Cuoliok, »It]«l. 151: —cwIm. 11a 
orth Dkkou admitted. is6 
Nortfaeni Poithb, war of ths. 163 
Northern Sucuritiw Cociiwair, ISJ 
North umbsrlud. Earl oTiJJ 
Norttiumhria, kingdom of, 60 
Northwstt PuHgB, diKonnd. IBS; oade. 



NoTWBir. bn 



lini of ionndiot of tha 
; completed, 70; Chrii- 

i»h«d in, 87; nnitttl with 

SwedBD, 185; lODOth ■PmytiMty of 
' insdom, ajT; wparatad from Bw«d(«, 



30J 



Nyitadt. puco of. 169 



Odo. Abbot. SOi Count, Bo; of E 

Odoacer. 64 

" ' ■ bailie of. -»uO 



Olaf. Kings! Sweden, as 
Olaf II.. Kingt of Norway. 87 
Olsa. Regent of Russia. Bi 
Olivi, peace of. iss 



Oll-mpiaJ, first, 7 
01ympiCjnm«j^|74 
OliStR'uii.'baUlB of, Jj 



Omri. Kino of Israel, 4 
O'Keil-s rebcUiin. 04 
VOpon door" in ChTna. 



Orduno III.. KinH of Leon. Oj 
Orecfpn Treaty. 10; 
Orellana, eipioref. iji 



d. Compai 



captured uy 
OitroBOtha. fi7 
Oatrorenka. battle of, igi 
Oiwego taken by the PreDcb* 17* 
Ochman, Emir of tha Tuika, 107, 109; II., 

Otho, BiBperor a( Romaw Ji; Uibop of 

Otho I. (thiCrwt), Emetcor of Oarmuir. 

ii; IV.. 06. 'oo 
Otho 1.. King of Greere. i 
Otterbourno (Chew Chasi 



W.MS 
ttleaf.li, 



Oltnl;-. . 
Ouch J-, tr 
Oude ■ 



■ II.. King o 
y of. a; 



Oxford 'Uiifver^ ly'uubTiiheir g( 
Oiygen diaCDvuied, 174 



Paardeberg. battle of. 114 

Paeqyius, 46 

Padua. Unlvenit_7 of. 101 

Pagaic, battle of, i] 

Pafne. torn. 178 

Palatinate, the. ravaged by Turenne. IS*! 

dejolated by the fiench. is9 
Palermo taken by Garibaldi, an 
Palestine, s. 6. 3J 
Palestrina. musician, 13) 
Palma, T. E.. first Preiideot of Cuba, 391 
PalmentoQ, lord. 191, aoi, 136 
Palmyra. S' 
Palo Alto, battle ot, I93 



JJS. "JSa"; '(janiboa" Dika 
destroyeil. 150 
ranama-Pacific EipoaiCion. 336 
Pan-American. Conference. 2i&; Eipoai- 

Panriosia (Hcraclea). 'battle (3. IJ 
Pankhurst. Mrs. Emmeline, 354 

Pantheon.' 4J. SB 



"ES 



i:in. 68; height of pover of. BS; 

nnivcrsary of episcopate. 141 
le in China. 341 art of making, 

ly. first, in New York, 164 



PirTs, made capiut of Clova, 6s; 
sieged bv Norihmen. JB; revolt of , I 



I. 41. 44. S3. SS 



ParthiiAi. i 
Partition 'n 

pHtShlil'i 

Pl«;huiu3~Radtierti 
Pasiarowili. peace ol, lOj 

Patricli. St.. 6l 

Paul the Apostle. 48. 50 

Paul I., Pope, 7i; II.. iti; III.. 131: IV.. 

ta; v.. 143 
Paul I., Ciarof RussU. iSi 
Paul of Samosata, it 
Pausanias. 13. SI 
Pavia. 67: battle of. lag 
Pcabody, CiorBe, 114. a aO 
Peace Con fen a™, j8o. JS». 196, 3j6; 

PcMe^jtbllee in Boston. 136 

Peary. Robert E., 364. 166. 306. jlS. 336, 

P^to"H.,K['ngo 'Portugal. iss;V,. jo«. 
Pedro II., Empenr o[ Brazil, rpi 



jconquestof thcPersianE 
vadcd by Alex.inder. ly. > 
. Parthia. 3.1; new kingdoi 



lino, painter 






Peter, the llera 



91; the LomtMid, 041 



of Angon. 1071 the Cruel of Caitile, 

Peter Leopold. Grand Duke of Taicany. 

Peter 1. (the Great), Cue of Riuni, IJ9, 

l6j, 165; IL, 169; 111., 173 
Peter. King of Servii. a93 
Peterloo Mauacre. 1S6 
Petenborg occupied by Union forcsa. llB 
Peterwirdein. lij 

Petrograd (jm St. Peteraborg), 36J 

Pelronius Maiimui. 63 

Phisdrui, 48 

Pharnabazui, 31 

Pharnaces, King ot Fontui, I., 34. 4^; tl., 

PhVros at Aleundria. lO 

Phaisalia, 43 

Pharsalos. battle of, 177 

Phidias. 16 

Pbiladelphia. founded, isS; taken by the 

Englis>i, 17O 
Philetf rus. lb 
Pbilip 1.. Kini 



ing of Ftai 
IV., 106; V 
edon. 10: 
nB of Sp. 
.. 16 J. II 



II..plj 

>). 57: of Suabia. 98, 

United Statea, >Sa 
, Grcili lichoola of, 18 



Phonmraph. J40 
Pliospfiorusdi_.rovered. 



ius I., Pope. SJ; 

i3SfV.. i35:Vl. 

189; IX.. 193. 14 
ia^e'ia London. 



deCf 



nond, Pnndsnt of Fnoca. 



.nd, the Poles, adnpta Chriitbtaity, 

.pelled froiii' RuMm, I4J; wir 
"la. 1471 defeated by Coiuckl. ISI 
.u -.ho Tmmn. iss: iovadBd lii 
•urliev. ,57:. fiBt partition of. . .7S 
ccond partition. iBi; iiiial partition 
' in of Icingdom. iSi) itcuggle foi 



Pataih tDpplie*, 31s 

Fetched troom occupied by the B- 

Powder, tmokeleu, 160 

Powen. Cal^;b. 3S6 

Poyninn' Law. 1J4 

Prade, Preiident of Peru, 14s 

PraaoiBtic Saoclion, 1041 o[ Boni^ 



3'i 



1B9; ii 



Polaris ei| 

Polemon J 
Polish Sue 
Polk. Jan 



e of, I. 



, la EiMduul. i]i 
. laws BBainit, Hjj 



with Ruiaia, igi 

t of Unitad 



:'6o, 



illege, founded, 1 



Po"l!he 



toTolF^ of^cS 



Port Royal, colon 



a United States. 



roeresiive partr, 346, 34B 
rohibition in Kaoui, 946 

fo^ctirai^British East Afi 
rol^stanli. first lo-called. 1; 



; first in Spain, 
ij li',' Kine 



Dt&nioDl 






» Frederick 

"iby'^ttW'^ bjj 
(ith Denmark, IpSi 
juPranco-PiiisaAii 

ig of Egypt. {II III., 



Ptolemies. I.. 14. "J H-. 17. H 
IV., ji; v.. Jj; VI., 35. 37i 
VIII..38. 3!>iI.\:..4i;X., 41, 



; III.. 






^oEnglan 



»1, penny, in London. is8; penny posl- 
ige in Enelind. igi; convention be- 
iween United States and Great Britain, 
,a, ■ International Congress. 338; 
betneen United States 
ritaln. 310; first atrial 
parcel post ia United 



redi 






Uuintus Hortensius. 40 
Ouicnun. General, 19S 



KES'Sii.. 



hura, and Moscow, i 
>a:)!m,inNon.ay.3 



J34; Northeni 
fll. ISS; Tmot 
JeruMlem. 164: 



Pacific, J4S: Equi 

Siberian, s6i! Jaffa ._ 

first in SUm. 364; from Cs 
BulnwHvo. 37O: Caiio and 
j84iio.Meiico. 3IS 



Raleigh. Sir Waltar. 138. 144 
RamMH II.. King of Egypt, J 
Ramilliei. battle of, 161 
Ramiro II.. King of L«OD, Sj; I.. Kinc of 

Aragon, 87; 11.. 04 
Raphael. 124 
Raphia, battle of. 31 
Ratisbon. Diet of, 147. US; truce of, IS8 
Ravenna, 67; battle of. 116 



«:ity. V 





Newf, 


rict 








a.' 




s° 






n. 338 




Thomju 


B., 1 


81 








eformBill.'l 








J. batU 


eot. 




^ul 


;i9 






leTchiUK. fin 


t, »J7 




*m 


ofTerr 




of 



h Canada. 338, Jjfi, 33B1 







Caracolla and GeU, Mocriniu, Helio^ 
gabolui. Aleiuind« Severui ssi Mali- 

Bl^j;;; c'iifri-n.itinu.V'Vaf^S; 


Repeal Ap' 






e Dutch, 139; Oraogo River, 








Palma, 19J 


Gallierua. Claudiui 11., Aurelian. jTi 


Ret., Cijrili 




Tacitia, Probu,, Floriant... C*fia. 


Revolution 


S-Hsi.'ss:K't.i; 


Carinus. Numerisnoi, Diocletian. Car. 


f.s:"s 




T5o..s8;inFrance. 170. 181; 




in Getma 


ny I9s; in Greece. 1S7; in 


Conitantius, Conilan* and Conrtan- 


Poland.) 


OlinSidly.iosiiB Spain. >3J; 


line, Julian. Jovian. Valenlinian and 



RhUde ?S™rKi 



Richard T, (Coeut de Lion). King of 
England. 98. ggLlI.. 113: III.. "' 

Richard. Duke of York, protector, 110 

Richelieu. Cardinal. 144 

Richmond. Va.. occupied br United 
Stales (orce<. 318 

Riel-s inaurreclion. aso 

Rienii. U3I of the Tribune*, no 

Riga, battle of. 163 

Roanoke Island Uken, 11a 

Robert II., King of SmUand, 113; III.. 

Robert of Pari.. So; the Devil. Duke of 
Normandy. 86; Duke of Apulia. Bg; of 
Flanden, 911 of Normandy, 01, 93i 
Emperor. i03:the Wise. King of Naples, 

Roberts. Lord. 14s. 184. 1B6. 301 



ockefcUer. John D.. igi, 303, 310, 116 

ocroi. ballfe of, ijo 



Roger, King of Sicily, 94. gj; the Normas, 
RoiiliT DoiiliT, Ridtk. [31 



Roman province, i 
Social War. CivU V. 
virate. Cicsar defea 



rs Caul, maitu o[ Italy, 

inSSiui, cS^S,''Claudi™VKl; 
Mauretania, and Thrace added to 
Empire, 49: Galba, Otho, Vitelllu*. 
Vespasian. Titui. Domitiaa. 51; Nerva, 
Trojan. Hadrian. Antoninui Plua, 
Marcui Aureliui, 53; . Ojmmodua, 



8j; IV.. 91 
lome. foundation of (lesendary). 7! 
Serviui Tuliiui. ii; esiahlisbment o( 
Republic. ]]; Tarquini expelled, fint 
Consulate. 13; Tarquinian War, 13! 
Publilian Laws. 15: toLsD and burnt bjr 






10; lUlr n 



«« 



JDgatad, att BkHr^BA «"^'*'- Roaua 
pcoviiwa, 31: alliad with AoUm*. 
MiMd bv Aoluwai BDd SpuMai tor 
ogtwt HI Uacadooiua, °'~tf'^ d«- 
(oMd by Hksnibal, 3]] flul Ttetory 
onr Cutbaca. ui wu with ltw»- 
doniB. 3Ii coaqnwt <■( Cwthaca and 
CoiiDtti, datokt at Irniltinliiw. 17: 
•Kked br GmihtIc, Oj; ndnd br Uh 
Gothi, undtr AUiic 63; tckn br Ow- 
oui*, to; Bcind br NormAoa, 90;' 
Ukrna br Fr«d*rick BvbvOMk 96] 
wckcil by '-"^'fl'fi 1 1 Ji npilal of tlur> 

Rmialnt AiiBiimtiilii*, Al 
RoDCavmUa. T5 

RooMvelt. Theodora, wt4, lU, av, 19>. 
a|*4- M^ leB- io*. 3I0- 3i>. 314- 3>ii 
- 331. 113. 344. 34lt. 34l' 3IO 
Root, BUiu, SoMMr, 3>i 
Soabaoq, battla of. iii 
RoMboTT, I^ord, i;i. ago 
SoM*. Wan of tha, i » 
KMUIde 



ued to BuLBKfiA, 
a touodod, I 



Riibcni, Pelcr 
Rubicon, the. 
Rudolph. Croi 
Rudolph, K;- 
Rudolph, ' 

Rump Par 



King Df Grri 



Rus'^^iuirohriTM — 

RusKll, Lord John. 100 
""■- Rurik. first E»n> 
id by MungoTj. n 



'S-tSU- 



■■HiS'l 



Rnywlael, pstntcr, 156 
Rartsr, Adniir;J ilc, IS3, 
Ryehouie Ptui, 15S 
I^rawiclE, treaty of. i6a 



Babtnbn, Pope, 63 
Safety lltinp invtmlsO. (S4 



Sijthalien, ty), 303 ^ 
SaBUQtuia. battle ot, 33 

S^i Puha, 347 

St. Albani. baltls of. IM 

St. Andnvs. V diversity ct, H4 

Si! n"?tholorae1i1"bitiiea, 1)6 
St. Uemi. bnule of. 134 

S?; /otn (.fjirutaiem" kl&ta el. M 
Si, Pauls titheikal. ijS 
Si. Peter. Cathelral of. bwnn, t«« 
St. Peteribum (now PetR«ndS,fOBBd*d. 
16); treaty of. 34!>; nlBW ehunl, jtS 
St. Quen[>n. battle ol. IJt; talMB by 

Saint^rat'cM^uialiaa of. •« 
Sidadin. q;. gg 

Salsmsnca. University of, toa; tattla of, 
Il4 

Salami*, in Creeoa, tattlo of. Ij; In Cr- 

Salno lettlad, 146 
Salic Law, 108 
Saliabury, Lord, ijo. 114 
SalUntina*, conqBort of, 19 

Salmon Paltk N. H.. dartnyad by tha 



SaloDik*. 31 
Salvation A 



r. the, 174 

Samafia, taken by Safgon, t 

Samaritan). 16 

Samuite War, Siat, 13: leci 



Sandffic 
S»oFraT 



discovered, 176 






; of Persia, gs 

Sankhhaii, King of 'Egypt. 3 

San Pedro, battre of. aio 

San Pedro de Acatama, battle ot, t 

■resi^lont of Mexico 






caident. 



SanliaEO. ba 
Santo Uomi 



of Men 

i07:sbdicai. 
tie of, J78 



a by United Stataa, 34S 





dia (,» Sivoy) 


Sapici 


i».batUeof, lis 




. King of Persia. S7 


&I?k' 


:ns. 7 J. 77. 79. 81 


Sarag. 


««, battle of, 54 
JSS. battle ot. 176 


Saratc 


^ 


^i^'^^L^U^u 



by the bnglist 



il Giuseppe (iM Piu 



Saikattjiawan, prov 



mied by Shernu 
the DuT^unduLi 



SAybroolc. CoqnecCicut, founded. It 

platlorm. l6i 
Scanderbes, iniurractioD of. Iig 
Schamyl. iig 
Scheldt. River, I7T 
Schenectady, N. Y.. deatnyed by t 



eiedli 



193 



{land. ia7;>ubdued by England. 107: 
»ded by Edward II., 109; upriiinB 
ler Bruce, lopi independence of! 
; Catholicism iWiahed bj- Pirlia- 
It. 134! first Bishops- War. 148; 



Scfitt. Captain R. F.. 3S» 
Scott. Sir Walter. 184 
Scott, General Winfield, ijo 
Scripture, Canon of. 51 
Sealing industry. 376 
Search. Right of. 177 
Sebastian. King of Portugal. I. 

Sebcascopolii, b:iUle of. 171 

&Bidl"mofVT'* 

"-'"lu "36^1!. !lOL.i^° iA 
I.. Sultan of Turkey, 






V..4C 



III., i; 
Sellasia. I 



occupied by Union 



Senellv. t^tUeof, I 



'?i 


u,l. 


P^ 


i" 


li.. 


s: III. 


ao; 


IV.. 


%v 


nus. 


11 fir 




ni 


created 


by 










































ti;. 








































gaiia, 3ST 


ul 




mfrom 


Au 





Eerviii^^ Tiilli'us. Kim 



s. Lieutenant. 3: 



I.. Kingof AaayriB.3:n.. 6; 



Shamaihahumu bii 



iss.'^t.a .,..„. 




SheriSmuir. battle of, 1O4 




^''tT^io""""' "^"'"^ 


T., a,6, «8. 


Shimonoseki. bombarded, a 


7: treaty of. 










hirpur. battle of. 14s 
hogun. the first of Japan, {x 






hrewsbuty. battle of. i ij 




hun-te. Emperor of China. 




hu«t«. W. ^lorgan. 339, j 
hutargardan, battle of. 14S 


1.343 


icily, Pyrrhus invades. 39 




province. 31: Saracens 
Cnion »^lh Naples. 187 




declare! !n- 




ion in. 131 ; 


evacuated by Naples, an 

S dney.' Lord Algernon. isS 
S dney. Sir Philip. 138 






Sdpnr«.Apomr|ri,.6a __ 





5f Cerrrmny. lift 
Id'l^ir^e'cmtirKTng' t^'p'tJand. 



uiil Engl 



1 SUtei and England, 



Columbis. 314: emancipation pmcUmit- 
tion, 1241 abolished in United SUt«, 
Hi; Emancipation Lhv ia Bruil. 136; 

Rico &nd C^ba. 136: &boliihed in Porto 
Rico, lii; suppreued by ZanEibar. 139; 
treaty between England and Germany, 
144; Bbolished in Cuba. 9^6,, is?: 

Slavs. 6g: defeated by Otho. Sa 
Slocum disaster. 396 
Gmalkaldic League, the, lit 
Smalkalds. the. IJJ 
Soiilh. Adam. 176 
Smith. General Kirby. iiB 
Smithsonian Institution, 190 
Soiolensk. siege of, I4Ti taken by the 

Sobiegki, Marshal John, 155. IJT, 159. 

Social Wan. 33. 41 

Socialiila in GermaDy, aOg, 345 

Solebay, naval victory ot, IS4 



_ nLeaOTB. 

Solferino. battle of. jto 

Soliman (the Maenilicent). Sulti 

Ottoman Empire. IJd, Ijl. 13s 
Solomon, King of the Jews. 4 
Solon. 10. T I 

Solyman II.. Sultan of Turkey. 159 
Somaliland. iqo 
SophU captured, J43 



South Sea, first reached, 11;: scheme, 166, 
Southern Rights Association, lOo; Con- 
Southey, poet. IBS 

Spain, conqucst.bj- Rome. 47; invaded by 

entered by the Vandals, 63; by the 
VisiKolhs. 6j; Catholic-— -—-■------■ 

in., OS; conriuered by 



1 establist: 



9 Mila 



. Aleicr 



■and A 






bpecie pftymenta remmed, 944 
Spencer. Herbert. 114 
Spenser. Edmund. Hi 
Spinning-wheel, invented, ijo; 

Splnoi'a'!" '" 
Spioo K 

8pire>,L , 

Spoils System, 18S 

Spur!" Msli^.' IT 

Sta«l. Madame de. 1S4 

Stamp Act. 172; Congreos, 172^ repoal«d( 

Standard, battle ot the, ps 

SUnislas. Bishop of Cracow, gi 

Stanley Committee. 33B. 348 

Staoley, Henry M., 140, 149. 155. isB 

SUr Chamber. Ill, 14S 

Star Route frauds. 948 

States-General, last asawnbly befora tha 

State* Richts'. IBS 

Sutii^'c>cillius. 34 

'i of 6 

Steamboat, first, iSi; transatlantic, first. 

SteenLirk. battle of, i6a 

Step'he^^II."^opeV'l?f.. 71! V.. 76, 78: 

VL. 80; VII.. So; VIII.. 8>j IX., 88 
Stephen of Bloii. 91. 9S 
Stephen. St.. King of Hungnry, B4; V., loS 



Stirl 




;:;.i 




Stockholm. 




. ISO 


Stoessel. General. 












StoiypiS. 3 






Ston 


yPoin 


recovered. Ij6 


Stor 


p^^ 




of. 1S4 




H. B 












Stfalford. i 








s^d 


by France. 158; 


Sti^ 


t. the 


ii^M 


of, 113 






Peter 










k City, lOA 






In th! 




Suei 








Suei 


Canil 


138.1 




Suft 


Tel^g', 








m. j6 


7: in Ru«i.. JO 


i 


§1 


in«.°j 


Conventions, n>6. 
3; in Kansas, ij 






1^,6; 1 


n Utah and Idaho 


A 


,^t 


'"SZ 


M."!ii"j, 



BufFnge — Cenliutud 

AUAa and Illinoii. Jjfi: in Notn 
Mg, jij: in EngUnd. 306, 31a. ; 
J34. 3J*jJ44. 3SO, 3sa. JS4iin Pinls 
314: !□ HuDgary, isSi ui Fnac«. ; 
ID United Suts, 36a 



Sulla. 4a. 41 

Suliet. William. 3S6 

Sumner. Chula, 113 

Sun, Temple of the. 51 

Sunday Schodls auUithwt In EngUnd, 



la conquered by P»rtM». 34 

(- Icirifdom of. 65 

a I.. King of Sireden. M 

■n. and the Swedes. Chriitiani 



rohy, 161 



lefmt'^'tiie SaiM 
'with'Run 



with Normr, iSs; Mpiu&tvd 

SiHdenborB, no 
Swifl, Dean. 168 
S«ilieiland. declared independCDt, IJi; 

Sylvester I.. Pope, s8j '1^84! Ill- ■■ 

Synod of Dort, 

esiegcd by Athc 



'BX 499 

Suta* and Oermany. 311; Board emt* 

ed. 336; Underwood Bill. 354- 3S6 
Tarqumiiu Superbu*, King of Rome, 13 
Tarquini. war willi. 13 
Tartan defeated by tbe Pola, ijj 
Tmso. poet. 13S 
r«(illifarll. affair, 317 
Tax, Federal Corporation, 336 
Tai. fint, on movablei (Saladin Tithe], 

Taylor. General Richard, 13S 

Taylor. General Zachary. President of 

United Slates. 196 
Tchernays. bsttls of the, llj 
Tecumieh IHIIed. iS^ 
Tejada. Lerdo de. President of Heiico, 

Telamon, battle ot, 31 

Telegraph. 158. tqo. 191, ioo. 90a. iti, 

Te'ephonel ajo ""''■*'■ ' "' "" '" 
Telescope, invented. 14^; reflecl 
Telesphonis, Pope, s J 
Tel 1-el-A mama Letten, 3 

TiEE«'£l£?»/^'"*- " 

Tennyson. AIfred.'ipS. 164 



Marcel 






■.79 



ii taken bjr Rui^ 1B9 
OS. King of Egypt, II 
a Mplurod. J47„ 



I. 1S4 



»af. I 



WiekliSe'e 



r. ^; Pop^ 64 ' 



stament. Old, Septuagint traoalatioA of* 
EwSk^uha, Khedive o 



t Egypt. 14s 

of, 130 

e "f^ipo; aoneied li 



Thapsua. battle of, 43 
Theba, le, II, 41 

ThSJ^lus.1a" 
Theodora. S7, SB 
Theodoret. 61 
Theodoric. 63, 64, 6j 
Thoodorus. Pope" 70 



[;n.,63:IIL, 73 



Tampico. occupation of, 194; indden 

with United Sutei. 36a. lit 
Tancred.9> 

Taney. Chief Justice. Jt4 
Tang-Sbao-yi, Premier, 345, 347 
Tannenbera. battle of. 1 15 
Tarapaca, battle of, 14s 

Taffff,b^h'i^ol'ective (Tariff of, Abomi 

bUI (sUblishlnE ad valorem duties, 194! 
new, 134; McKinley Bill. isB; Wilson 
ni<l. 168: Dingley Bill, itU; Payne Bill, 
--' - t between Uaitwl 



Thesaaly, 43 

Theudsric ni„ King o£ P 

Thiers, »n, JJT, 139. *4I 
Thirty year«'"#ar, 14J 
Thomas of Lancaster, too 
Thorn, peace of. 11 1 



Thucydides. 16, IT 
Tiberiu, 47. 4P: U: I 
Tiberias GrMchua. 3] 



Ttchbonw trial, tjS 

Tkiao th*. battla at. a 

Tteondsnias, ITI. ITO 

Tlni-TilD, trmtj at, ii6; teksa by AIIi«^ 

TI|lWhDa«Mt, Sine of Aarrb. L, 3; IL, 

TIfnuiM. Kini of Anoenla. 40 

TunnocsrU, MtUa (t, 40 

TUdm, Samuel J., B40 

TIUv, MS, 14 J 

THiiC, puce of. iSj 

Tfana, «U>nd*rd. in UnlMd StaUa, Ml 

Timur the Tartu, HI, 113, III 

Tinchehrai, battla of, oi 

Tippecanoe, 184 

TipDoo, SulUo of lljton, ITT 

nrbaka (im Taharka) 

TiridatM. St 

TlMaBhanwa. 19 

TUanic diiaaler. 346 

TUba. SaladiD, 90 

^thae, impoaitiDa ol, T* 

Titian, 1)4, 13] 

Tobacco id BugUiid, 138; InlmdDcaA inla 

Toltio made enpiul, 233 

TolcratLon. Edict of, 18 
ToIstO)', Count Leo. 189 
TopelcB ConaliLucioa, 914 
Tofgau. bactleof, 173 

Tofreon.Ttattlo o(, 361 



Twin. Sj'i P 

Tnmwayi. iL 
Tnoivaal. 1 



to Englaad, 3^0; 

icndenco, 347 ; allied 
State, 37;; pare of 



with Ontnee Fr 
Briciih Empire, ibo 
Tniuylvanla. subject to TucLey, 
subdued by Oermar" — 



Trefaiiond, 173 

Tritionumetiy, foundation of, ]6 
Trinidad tatcn by the Engliih, 171 
Tripoli. 9s; aancicd by Italy, 343 



Wvae. IS*. i5<, in 

'nrin, traatr of. iti 

"nrkir, the Tula. Snplra dlvldBd. lift 
•abdiui tba Crimea, iii; obialaa Tmii 
Boa •BdAlbanla,ii3; OvQcKfatBadHiBk 



I U3; Moon 



131; iDvada FcnU, 133; teka liltoMi, 
133: invade HnnflMrr. l33S_lMMaa 
l£tlt», I3S: fim trada witG^S^ud, 

B9i war with Paniaaa, I43i.&mda 
■uwtrj, IS5; wai with Rnnia. >n> 
ISO. 16s. !».><>»: invadaa Poland. 
iJil war with Gmnaii7> IS0I w eowr 
Bdpade, 161: lofas Hbovut, iOts u 
vaiioa 01 Pallia, lOg; war with UK»ia. 
iSt; war with Birat, Ip3i var with Skw 
Tia, >is; war with Barrla, Miiiilaiiaiiii 
and RnaBia,i4i; oonititution, *4i; Ar- 
■nanlaa HanacrM, 173, 17S! war wf-" 
Oneeo, tin conatitatiaD natotad, 31 
Indamnitv f or B< * " 
at4i the YouDs luiB, a 
Italy. 341; war with Hon 
Baria, Berria, and Gnaoa, 

Tteknwatchai. pwca of, ilo 

TnacanT, Oiaad Dachy ci, la 
expelled from, I43ivataanrai 
to^rdinia, III 

Tweed RinE. lit 

Tyler. John, Pnident of United Btataa. 

Ty'le?, Wat, iij 

TyrsnU, period of the thirty, ST 

Tyrel, Six Walter, 03 
Tyrlavoi, battle of, aij 



Queen ol SwBdeu. 167 
d colonized, 143; Home 
n,34i. 34C.348.3S6,JS«, 



Uuted Statee of Americs. independence 
proclaimed. 176; adoption of Anidei 
of ConlederstioDi i?6; iadepeadenca 
acknowledged by Great Britain, 176; 
Federal CnDjtiiuiioa adopted, 178J 
neutrality in rcesrd to Prxneg, iSo; 
jBVa Treaty, tSo: war with France. iSo; 
Washington, capital of, iBOiLouioana 
Purchase. iSj; Tripoliton War. iBi: 
war with Great Britain, i84L_Mi*smirl 
Compromise, 186; Mexican War, ipi. 
104: Cadiden Purchase. 306; Kanns- 
Nsbraska Bill. loS: Alaika Purchase. 






with dnlombi*. iff 



■..M^Vi'.:" 



.''ifl^'isi:' Cons' 



!t Colony (hi TniuTB*!) 



Villi Vlcioaa. 'battle of, i 



U9 Pl'iceui, so 



Valparaiso 
VanBuren 



T al oil palatine. 
9. ija. IS3 



SSV^ 



Verona, 115; Rc-pul 
Vera Crui. Burrenlcr 

Vercella. baltre'of.'j! 



England*. IQJ 
, ori_gin of. 63; 



V.viini Rcni. .ibi 

Vla'llmir Ihe Great. Kins of RuDia. is 

Vlariish-/ I., King ot Poland. 91; Cha 
Dwarf. 107: It.. Ill: HI.. 117: choien 
King o( Hunftaty. 117; nn 0/ Casimir 
IV.. ot Poland become* Kimt of Bo- 
hemia. Ill: choKQ Kins of Hungarr, 
njlIV.. 147 

VladTvoatock. 15S. JOJ 

Volapfik invented. 144 

Voltaic battery. 18B 

Voltaire. 176 

Von Capri vi, 1S9, sfto 



Wapram. 
WakeReh 
Waldem 
Walden! 



Itobert. poet, oS 

'. Richard. igS. 24 

• -■■ ot. 183 



t. Count von. jSt 
i-rince of. visit to Unite 
11^ (ifi Eilward VII.. 



i!iiM.'n> 



«. 54; II.. SS; III., go; IV.. 

!nuel I., King ot Sardinia. 
>f Italy. 131, aij. m, 14JI 

rn of England. leo; married. 



Wallachia. revolt at. 141; 



. .ilpole, Sir H 
Walton, Issac 



i^ by ths Stredet. 



1841 "="'7 of. 'ili; tn 






<«. Hltia of, 371; Imad 

Briuin, 178 

Wellsslc)r, Sir Arthur. 181 
■"- 'ington, Duke of, 104 

h ^imubluhmut Bill. 33S 
ceslu til.. King ol Bohemik. 11 



„I8J 






Weyler, Oineral. J7J. 377 
""1 ga, is6, ijS 

1 ikey Insurrection, igo; womer 

■h^by. Abbey of. 70 

I W, Edward D.. Chief Justice, 3 
I tefidd. GeoTBK. 173. 174 

iTWalt-Vie/ ' " 



r. John 



idf. 1 



m. Geo 



England (the Co 

00; III.. >S8. 160 

William I., of Oram 

William I., Emper 

lii-.U.. JSS. iOO 

William III., of I 

E^n^landJ' 



lormandy. I 



158. J87 
, King pt 

. 8p; ir.. 



(( William IIL. of 
etherlands. 151; 111., 
Uetherlandi, Sudt- 



n II., King of WuntemberE 
n, Prince of WieJ. King of A 



04; of Oeeaoii no; Dulcg of Bkvmrift. 

¥iUu>ni and Mary's Colleaa founded. i6a 
Vilminctoa occupied by dnion forces. 



WiDth,op, John. 146 

Witchcraft (upentitioo. i6a 

Witiges, 67 

Witt. Admiral de. IJ7 

Witle, Count. J07 

WitteDberg, University of. iij 

Wittitock, battle of, 149 

Wolieley. Sir C. 939. 140. 151 

WoUey, Chancellor and Cardinal, i]6, 

W. C T. U. organiied. 158 
Worcester, batile of, iji 
Wordsworth. William. 18B 
Workingmen-i Insurance Bill, 33P 
Warms, Council of. 00; Diet of. 139 
Wren. Christopher. is6 
Wyomini, massacre of, 176 



X-Raya <!« Roentaen rays) 
X Y 2 papers. iSo 
Xyslus, Pope Uit Pope Siili 
Pope Si«ua III.) 



Yale College founded. 16s 



Yorktown. 176, 346 

Yoshihilo. Emperor of Japan. 347 

Younghmband, Colonel, I!>6 

Y pill ant i. Alexander. 1S7 

Yuan Shih.kai. President of China, 313, 

Yussufllt. Ring of Gouiada, 114 



Zachary. Pope, 71 
Zallaca, battle of, 90 
Zama. battle of. 33 



felaya, 31J 



Zenobia. Queen of Palmym. s^ 

Zcnla.°batile'of. 161 
Zepherinus. Pope. S4 
Zeppelin. Count. 1S6 



m 



Zoe. Brnpren. S7 

Zola. Bmil. 119 

Zollverein, tho. 147 

Sosimui, Pope. 61; hiitorian, 61 

Zuloa«a, FrMideat at Ifeaco. in, lig 



I Zidulaad anneiad to Bn^and, IJJ 

Zurich, battle of. iBi ; coofereoM at, 119 
Zutphen. battle of, 139 
1 Zweibt&ckea. Boum of. tsi 



SUPPLEMENTARY INDEX 
COVERING EVENTS SUBSEQUENT TO AUGUST i 

:nd. E. B.. ^64 



^tna. Mount. . 



rick of Mecklenburi, 397 

ituTedbyAlliu. 40Ti 
<ndi lorcH ickinit 
I. 407: De Welirt- 
4001 Geaetal Both* 
German Southw«it. 



&'^™1;n'^«i. 



Aiine River. 4J8. 



"'jolmW.. . 



':^'& 



Ictorioai in GnllipolJ. 
□nilia. 4U: Bt^t bom- 
h. 41s: blockade Cnek 
, break line* oa Somme, 
na^tir. 4l6;Miie Ger- 

I'nce loward Csmbrai. 
:nd. 417; Poch. com- 
4}o^meetatVerumei. 
iDViki. 4JT;takeMon- 

*r'c"mb^. 446i''ni^ 
: officiallir liga pMca. 



A! PI. Tcsniylvania 
A luce. Alt'- 4>B 
Alvei. Ptendent. 3 



n'lasunk. 41T 
l-American Eipi 



'Ql.r'v^KoiintS.,'j64 



Ai^onnB Fonit. 411, 
Anadnt torpedoed. 4 



bifl. jj6 
\rnold, Richard, 40a 



; ReorsaniiatioD 



and Ruuia, ^04; bombardi Betirade. 

S15; defeated by Serbi. 40J: Prasceaad 

Aliace. 406; defented at Lemberg, 4<*; 
foreign miniiter reiiani. 40S; ntrvAtt 



■derj Iwl)- to •tuck. 4JJ1 i 
CBted in Italy. 45a; cmpitulal 



aadonvillers. .18 
Ba*r, G. F., 3*4 
BafldBd. 431 



Birnabce, Hen 



BliSTfeMeral 

Bobo, Dr. Roi^bo, 369 

Bohemia. 44$ 

■ . Mn. loei 



M.. 380 

George C. 3B0 
1. Guerra preiidenl o(, 38s 



Bordeaui. French go-niw 
Boris. King o[ BulgariB, 3' 



Boy- Ed. Captain. 3T4. 413 
Brady. James Buchanan. 3: 
Brandcis. Loui» D., 3T6 



Brooklyn Rapid Traniii 



SUPPLEMENTARY INDEX 



507 



Burleson, Albert S.. 390 
Bu90. Monte Salbella. 425 
Bussiares, ^32 
Butte de Nlesnil, 442 
Byng. General. 424. 430, 438 
Bxura, 408 



Caillaux, Joseph, 390, 426 

Caillaux. Mme.. 364 

Caledonia torpedoed, 4x9 

Cambrai. <130. 430* 440, 446 

Cambrai. battle of, 424 

Camelin. 438 

Cameronian sunk, 423 

Campbell. James, 362 

Canada, peace conference. 363 ; first draft. 
391; woman's suffrage in, 391; soldiers 
refuse to listen to Bryan, 39X; first gas 
used against, 410; captures HiU 70. 
422; enters Lens. 422 

Canal du Nord, 440 

Cannon, James G., 380 

Canny-sur-Matz, 438 

Capo Sile. 433, 435 

Cappy, 438 

Carey, General. 430 

Carlstrom. Victor. 374. 380 

Carpathia sunk. 437 

Cari)enter, Boyd. -lOO 

Carpenter. Rt. Rev. William. 400 

Carranza. General, 365. 369. 375, 3S3. 

38s 
Carreno, Mme. Teresa, 388 
Carso, 417. 423 

Carson. Sir Edward. 362, 368. 390. 426 
Casel. 430 

Casement. Sir Roger. 374, 376, 4x6 
Castalunga. 435 
Castle. Vernon. 400 
Castro. General Cipriano, 378 
Cavan, Lord, 449 
Cecil, Lord Robert, 400 
Central Powers, separated from Greece* 

418; armistice with Russian Bolsheviki. 

424; si^^ns peace with Ukraine. 426; 

Rumania makes peace with. 426. 428, 

432 
Cettinje. 4 '5 
Chagas, Jaago. 367 
Chalandry, 448 
Chamberlain. Joseph, 364 
Chamorro. Emiliano. 381 
Champagne. 413. 428 
Champillon. 432 
Chang, General Hsun, 385 
Charles, Emperor of Austria. 38X. 399, 451 
ChAteau-Porcieu, 448 
Chftteau-Thierry. 432 
Chaulnes. 416. 420 
Chemin des Dames, 424, 426. 432, 440, 446 



Cheppy,442 

Child Labor Bill. 378 



Chile, 369. 401, 409 

China. 366, 367, 369. 377. 381, 38S. 395. 

399, 420. 422 
Chita, 435 

Choate. Joseph H.. 388 
Chouvaiev. General. 373 
Chuignolle^^S 
Churchill. Winston. 370 



Ct7y of Athens sunk. 433 

Claflin Company. H. B.. 36a 

Claude, AchiUe, 400 

Clemenceau, 424 

Clerembant Wood, 432 

Coblenz, 452 

Cocos Island, 409 

Cody, Colonel William P., 388 

Col di Chelo. 43S 

Col d'Echele. 427 

Col del Rosso, 425, 427. 435 

Collier, Price, 364 

Collier, Rob't J., 400 

Cologne, 452 

Colombia, 397 

Combles, "Tanks" first used at, 416 

Comines, 446 

Comstock, Anthony, 370 

Conegliano, 449. 450 

Conference, International Business, 362 

Conflans, 448 

Congress, Sixty-fifth, 382 

Connolly, James, 374 

Conscription, in Australia, 389; Irish, 39a; 

in England, 41 a 
Conservation, 386 
Constabulary, State, established by New 

York, 384 
Constantine, King of Greece, 422 
Corfu, 41 5 
Corinth, 423 
Corno di Cabento, 437 
Cornwall is sunk, 419 
Costa Rica, 383 
Cdte de Chatillon. 446 
Cotton, price conventions, 364; high 

prices, 384 
Courcelles, 432 
Cousins, Phoebe, 364 
Christian. King of Denmark, 367 
Covington sunk, 435 
Cracow, ^08 
Cramoiselle, 436 
Crane. Walter. 370 
Craonne. 422 
Crecy sunk. 407 
Creelman. James T.. 370 
Crimea, 452 
Crise River. 436 
Croisilles. 430 
Croix Ricard. 432 
Ctesiphon, battle of. 413 
Cuba. 382. 395. 397, 420, 424 
Cui. Cesar. 400 
Culgarian sunk. 429 
Cullom, S. M.. 364 
Cuts. 438 
Cymric sunk. 415 
Czecho-Slovaks. 396. 398, 433. 435. 437* 

440, 441. 446> 448 
Cremin. Count. 393 
Csernqwitjs. 4^4 



Dagd. 434 

Dahrabend. 419 

Dalny. 367 

Damascus. 445 

" Danby. Frank. " 380 

Danish West Indies. 378, 382 

Danton sunk. 421 



508 



SUFFLBMBMTAKT INDBX 



DavU. Henn' (lUHwmr. 3lo 
Dani. Kiebmrd Hudina. jlo 
Day Isht laTini, in Fnnc*, 30 1 ; in UslMd 

Sui«, 301. 398 
Deba11ar.aau1ml.436.43l.440.444- 44*- 
4e Broqnavllla. BaioD. jei 
Deb«.^iiauiBV.,3»« 
Dtdstaatch. 41], 41s 
DagoBttt, GMunl. 441 
Dalcuti ratinu, 36B 
Dalnlle Wood. 41a 



Donmarlc, 3M, 3^}. 3lB. 3». 305. 4<>i 



'■ 4" 



'fe 



D. 

De Wet, GsBcral. 4ag 

Dawey. Admiral OaoiS*. JUI 

Dial, Gcoanl. 44T. 430 

Dim. PorOno. 310 

Diitrict of Colnmbia " dry, " 3<i 

Dixmudc. 4et. 441. 44^ 

Dodd. Colonel, 373 

Dnieper. 418 

Dobrudja. 416 

DDERHbanlc. Aog 

Doiran. Lake. 44a 

Donovan. Mike. 4'><' 

Doprlit TkouTas aunk. 439 



Drakr torpedoed. 435 
DraiMr, Eben S,. 364 
n^n^rn s\ia\c. ill 
Drw^urt-Oueanl "awii 
DufTennandAlva.Mar 
Ax, FouTnel. Admiral. 4 
Dumha. Dr., 411 
nunBjec,battltof.4io 



Biuman ECodak Company, 
EchrBaray. Don Jo-A, 3 Jo 
Ecuador. 373 
Ediwn, 111011131 A.. sM 
Envrit. 3^1-408.413. 41S. 
Ehrlich. Dr. Paul, 370 



Elkur:. 
Ellis. ' 
Elln. 



i. Ed war- 



I., 378 



t. Thoi, Addii, 40a 



I. 404: Gfey'a 



. dlteliiKi to [dads* nentimlitr. 3S4 SoISTH* 
8nei C4n>ir37o; Uilitary Bcttw* BilL 
374; ralauct pnaonan Mkui in uiak 
raballion, 3841 anMrnent with UiuWd 
Slate* aboDt draft. 39a; makM dadan- 
tion about Ruaia, 3B1; rctaiin Inib 
conacriptioD, 301; mas-powar bol. 3Pi; 
rMOBBiiH Cwcho-aioTaki, i9b; Oar- 
man inbmariaaa (arrandBr to, 400; 
Cotincil nropoaed, 404:n)ontinitunpn>- 
-■-■- d, 404: Albert of BaltiomapMla 
y, Gfey'a ipaaeh, ma; docOmr™ 
Germany, 404 ithiril BotUui. 40S • 
aeciarei war on Anitria. tot>; traaty 
with Prance and Rtiiala, 406; lodu 
oSer* aid. 4061 ocnpiai Oatand, 400; 
aa*il Tictory In Heligoland Bixht,40T; 
declare* war oa Terliey. 4>>>i dectaia- 
tion about Baypt. 40*1 ' *K""^ 
40I; linepiereed near Nenve Cbapellk 
408; wina at La Baarfa.4oSinBTal vic- 
tory oS Falkland lalasdi and Doner- 
bank, 4e«i "oSeial blockade' of. 4D«i 
bombard) Dardanellea, 400; fint air 
raid on. 409: occspjet Baaia. 4<>«,I 00- 
enpiea Oarab, 40«; daelarai blocksda, 
^- Chapalle. 410; 



): defea 



.VjI"* 



S.4«T. 









bomVardi DedeagaVh. 4131 ro' 

Arabs. 413; wjthdrawi from fealUpoli. 

teVnatlor^rirwch',"' 414'; wio> at St. 
Elra,4i4;1o«<VimyRidiie.4i4:Towii^ 
bend lurrenden, 41S; Ruuia joins, ah \ 
evscuatM r.altipoli. 415: advances on 
Samme, iiA; tah» Delville Wood, 41A: 
cantareoPoEi^rei, ai6; fint u»i"cank>." 

41B; new blockade order. 418; takes 

41R: attacks %la'ed ha ba, 4in: attacks 
near K<it, 410: take* Dshrabend, 4>0: 
takcM Kut-el-Amara. 



ipaume. Per- 

on^lVo^'^Vjojad vaacMnMr' Sal"™ 
jit; nachei Bskuba. 41'! takes Bas- 
dsd. 411; caniuenat Gaia, 411: blows 



iljebel 






Baurlon Wood. 414; loses trencnri ai 

114: in Italy. Aiy, takes Gaia. Jaila. 
erusalem, and birch, a2S\ meatlesa 

Li to vsk treaty, 4J6; in Ireland. 4a6; in 
Pnlcstine. 417; takes Dutch shippina. 



e, 



n Mesopotairia. 410; ap. 

tnls fnr aid. 43a: man-power bill, 430: 

436- 438. 440, 44>. 444, 446. 



SUPPLEMENTARY INDEX 





makttitcU 


391. GenuDTinue* uUi- 


.d™o«« in PalMtine, 43>. 433; e«p. 




404i mobiliM«. 4041 *»- 
n Germany. 404: invadad 






onen, 436; muniuoo worker* itrilie. 


by G«m.n 




4S6;dc(eau Austrian!. 4.)T;can>ulBheld 
by Bol.heviki,440.driveon Micedoa- 


fort. 40s; d 


cUres «.ar on Aurtri.. 4aa; 




moved to Borduui. 40'i 
vilh Great Britain and 


i&n front, 440. 441; Allenby commaiidi 


Kgiu trral 




RuMiiB noL 


to make Kpants pOKC. 


443;Balg«'ria»ppealsto. 44a;bombBrdi 
fjieuport to ZMbnisge. 443; eoteri 


40ft: oecup, 




n,.nt «tun 


s to Parii, 408: capture* 


44s 1 occupin DarnkKui, 44T; occupiM 
Irdoa.Tripoliiand H«n,.\^T, croUc, 


Steinbaeh. 






1i''cli(.T4''^;a°p1u™ I^b"- 


yrinth, 4'0 


altack in Cbampagne laila. 




t Corfu, 4iSi (tama north 




.nd loutb 





t:fioeTt^V''1l'm 



Esthonii 
Buphrat 



nck.inLondon.jM 



lint. Dt. Austin, jro 

Tnrina. 41& 

rich, Mnrshal. 3i>6, 430. 447, 

no.l Sti'muiatinn Bill, J9», 4 



3n est^blinhed in, jM; 
<. 36S: Viviani resigni. 
iW.37i;CanalatMBr- 



puhlic. 376; Daylight u 



fu*u."sss: 



tif-All 


ed War- 


cTu 


Cll. *M1 


exch 


ange of 




era with 




H^?H 


• M 


Imaiion. 




aly. 




araph 


undtr m 




*"■ ^] 


aillaui 


arrejted 




"i^i 




436: re 


pulse 








D.R>e.. S3&: 




R'heimt: 




r.™don 


W; Fc 


™ Jinl 


ander-in-chief. 
0; final open*. 


Wtsl 












4)6, 


44S, 45 1 : 


™liarr) 


td by lo 




ge guni, 












tea'u 


4j'^:con. 


iii'n fr 


n t 4 w 


atuc 


drireon 
kg Tnrka, 


^Iry <,c 


".I^cu^ii 


'^bV 


i: inveiU 


"fmil. 


ill): en 


ers SCnuboorg 



(■■Prank Danhy"). 



SUPPLEMENTARY INDEX 



QMipoluAtl.AH.AlS 




Calnay 






Gudal. 


t.Vmilty M.. 3T 




Gams 




G»TUb 






Garys 


ystem. New York Citr. 3»6 




Ginia 


Colond. 3S7 




GMfir 


temploytd. 410 






ff.unk. 4J5 












■t.443 . 








plBlgB 






to. by 


Japa 




n.j6s; 








Hoi 


tace will be procured by a 


'inKr- 




nal L«ag«, 3B,; .trik« 










IapSr,fi"tl'n"llm^nTo? 


wkrln 



Unittd State). 401: Bavaria icparatc! 
tram.4ai:Kai<rrabdi(;at».4ai;Uniieil 
Stntestroop»enterPru''s;a,4il;Crown 
Prince rtnqunces nqhls to tbrone. 401 : 
Poland severs rel.iliom with, .im ; 
Declares state "I war. 401; *"U" "1- 
limatum to Rinsiil anri Franee, 404: 
declare! war on Russia. 4<<4, France 
declares war on. 4"4; Great Bnlain 
declaren war on, 401: invade-. Luiem- 
burg. France, and Belgium. 40S ; bom- 
bardg Li«ge. 4°?: engaxement at Bel- 



St.^ihiel. 406; proclaims ■■war-ione" 
■round British tiles. 4a'<: enters Ant- 
werp, captures Meisinet, jnK- occupies 
piimude,in-1;de(catodatthcVser,4o8; 

it LaBassic, 40S; u'-- ' - ' '— —"■ 



defea 



atelLodi 



oR Chile, 4<>ni nnval rmid into British 
wacen.4ao:hombBrdsHart1epoDl, Scar- 
borough. Whitby. 409: ollicial blockade 

makes first air-raid on England. 4oq;' 
blockaded by England. 410; warns 



■:«ifiw 



fooring on'Hili 60. 410; iiivades Baltic 
Provinces. 41-); defeats Russia in Car- 

recaptures I-emherg. .1 in; picdres safety 
ot Uniled Slates ve-sels. 412: cipresse. 
regret over .\>Ara..*.i>. and Aruhie. 41a: 
recalls Dor-Ed and von Pspen, 411. 



Poland, i 

□nqueit of Serbia, 
-ade. A'i: bomb 
naval action in Bi 

sunk in Baltic. 
1 Gulf of Riga, 
royed o9 Ostend. 
nt veue)> treated 

r«.^M:'£ni'ed"si 



a Tirpiti'resiana 
FryBtt.4l6;IUI; 



; takes 



Klareiwaron. 416 
ppointed Chief o 



peace proposals. 413; recaptures Halict 
and Stanislaw. 4": mutiny in Seel at 
Wilhelmshavea and Kiel, an: second 
mutiny. 413; Braiil declares war on. 
4i4:vonBertling.chBnce1!or. 414: arm- 
istice with Russia. 434; agrees to ex- 
change p'isoners with France. 4>4: re- 



^n: counter-drive in Italy. 4i.s; w.th 
Austrians wins in Italy. 4J5; takes 
ColdeRosso.4»5llo5«s,'nMonteTon.- 

st*oyed ofi IttJaSd^ "'"f aria^kV.con- 



war on Russia. 426: takes \linsk and 
Rovno. Rcval, Pnko", 4J6: repulsed 
nearVenice, 41- : moves back tromPiave. 



SUFPLBUBNTART INDEX 



Siea Kieff.4ig:pjBa«raid Loudon. 4301 
nsldriTeindconcludmg operations on 
Western front. 4J0. m. ha. 436.. 4J8. 

Lii^"g.'4"o;o"ie'Mt?el«ngf'or..43Di 
UkesHanga.4Ji: ZeebrugEe blockaded 



vote for budget. 43&1 agreemeat vii 
Great Britnin about priiomij, 43' 
Haiti and Honduras 'ieclare wnr o 
436:Russiaaand Finnish delegate! me 
in Berlin. 4j6; ambasiador to Ruii 
dees to Moscow. 4^3; makes peace □<!< 
to Belgium. 44d; von Hertling resign 

accepts terms, 446; Socialists demar 



Hhtnt. 406, 446 

lilder, JeannetteL.. 380 

Jill. Sir David. 364 



Gladden. Rev. Dr. Washington. 400 




Glass. Carter. 400 


avre, 406 


Clf-ari Casllt torpedoed. 497 


avrincourt. 440 


Corkrn. 40J. 417 


ay Bill. 36 J 


Goelhals. General. 3B1 


avti, J6S. 360. 436 






Gommo court. 410. 43» 


ria sunk. 407 


Gonialis. Alfred. jSj 


eld. Anna 400 


Goichen. Sir B., 404 


eli^land kight. 4°T 


Gouraud. General, 44). *M 


orron. George Davii, 45 


erreshoff. John Brown, 


ersehel. Sir William Jam 


GMnder^^ij"!.' 


ervieu.Paul.3,o 




ofprridxtunk. 4'3 


Grand Pr«, 446 


eyse. Paul. 364 


Grau. Robert. jSo 


ill. James J.l 380 


8fearBrifai?^''i-fE'ng1aSd 





any. 4": <)rive on Macedonian froi 

0; invests Kichevo. 44» 

rn, Helty. 380 

inhut. Capuin Joseph B.. 400 

lory, Eliot. 3J0 

/. Sir Edward. 404 

wold. Putnam, 364 



Guerra. Jos* Gutiotfes. j8s 
Guicy. 44, 
Guild, Curtis, 370 
Cmldfota CaMi torpedoed. 4: 



HaBue.The.reprei. 

Halifai diiaiter. 3> 
H.lluin. 446 
Hamadan, 413 
Hamburg-America. 

Hamri. 4J0 
/fQMpi'rirfsunk. 41 
Handteeme. 444 
HsoBfi. 431 
Harrfie. James K.. 



l^iville.*Ky. 



!. J. P.. 364 
raiik. 368 



Home. 446 

House. Colonel E. M.. 4»i 

HsuShihChai "--- -" 



'Mll.M 



5" 



SDFnjKKBNTAHT INDEX 



Hnbbard. Blbvt. 310 
Enarta. OwwnU,3AT> 3T3> SId 
HnshM, Cterln Btuu, 3t1 
HnmlMit,,Omusl, 436. 43> 
HoadlDC un*, 446 
EnagHT. 3«i. S97. 40i. 4M> < 
EoMUDl.Emgof Hh 
EylKB, JoAa F., 3S6 



i« of Hadju, 441 



■cd BUn joia, fU; cwtona UaoM 
Como, 433; TittOTUm at Cayo 8IH 

attacks 435; fonaa Auatiiana Inift 
■snai Pia*a. 43x1 otptona HooM ol 
Valballa, BaMoRoiaa. 431: Col M 
RoaaoaailColdi Cbalo,43S inUaUaaM 
Ocapim Tisioa. 431 i 4im« laatof Ana- 
Maai acna* Pi»*. 435; oa Waatara 



n If ostallo, 433 

Isdia, 40A- 4<W> 445. 440 

iBvalmmiatar, 440 

Inaamiea, Padnal banaa a{ wai lUi 
nariaa.364 

"EatanaUMul , 

Ireland. Dtrter 

36Ji tJlitar or,-,.— , — . ..- 

•imaiit." 361! St Edward Canos la- 
■Isoa from Britiah Cabbat. sM: Bu 
Ro(«'CaaediaDtainatad,324itaTMtia. 
a]4: martial law In. 314: Buoo Wlm- 

bonu radiiaa, * " "- 

encnttd, JTf; 



ordarad br Foeh to attack A uatre 
HDiiB>iiBD ainikft 44T: lalna MobIb 
Bolaioto, 449i wftb Britiah ccoaaM 
Plan. 44>; ctoaan Moatalto. 440; ad- 
Taocaa on tfairtT-B^li (mat. 440: cola 



1; ctoaan Moatallo. 440; ao- 

nana on tUrtr-^lg hwit. 440: COla 

Tmt-Bdkuo Boa. 450: oea^iha S»- 

,nt.IIdlaa7raaata.aodFala. 

Wfa-HBa«air canltglataa ta 




alesPonia<o.jjs:retiike'«Mt.'AK)1( 
435: lojcs in AsiaRO KClion. 415; toi 

Rednes two Austrian battlrahips. 41! 
wd restrictions in. 436; r*pu3>cs On 



309. 401. ««. 45 1 
Nikolai. 370 



n. SulMn of Earpt. 3M 



SUFFLBHENTARY INDEX 



r. 4aJ. 4»4 

Ji.fa,41S 



Kirfa. 431 
Kirkuk, 449 
Kithincff, 4)6 
KitclwDer, Lard. ]So, 4IS 
Xkia. Charlei. 370 
Kobbi, Goiuv. 40a 

K(lchBU,44I 

K«HHth. Fomeii. 364 



Krithia. HciahCi of. 4 



La Bauie. 408. 436 

Labor, big itrike at Bayodoe, N. J., 36R; 
Child Labor Bill, 378 ; nilroad itriks Id 
Spain, 379; martial lav pToclaimed in 
Spain. 383; atrikiiB minm ejected 
from Biibee. Arizona, 3841 one Ihoiuand 



Rivet, MissDi 
351 ; in Gern 






trikei in 



a I. W, W.I 



, 3*6- 37», 390. 431 



j; Cateau, 446, 448 



Lihrrty Loan, firil 
Li^RO.'4i?5."4"6". 



1 ; aecotid.414; third. 



I. «». 4M. 41S> 



Long, John d'„ 370 




LOM, 4'S 




Lorraine, 416. 41 S 




LoMtaio iiiDk, 417 




Lou vain, 40« 




Low. Seth. 3II0 




Lowell. Dr. Pereiva 


3*0 


Lt.bin.4iJ 




Luce. 43a 






ral NicoU. 370 


Lufhnrry, Ma or R. 




Luna. Pelagia. 377 




Luntville, 41S 




L.j,l«i=,the,4'", 





McAd 


X), n 


illian 


C. 394- 400 




?^i 


Char 


a. 364 


McCa 




f Samuel W,. 


McCann, L 






MeCra 


e, L 




nt'co'l«™'j 


McCovern. 


Terr 




MacM 




Don 


id*fl°,_384 


•■Mas 




Mas 












m'?*! 








Macki 
















M«rl 






d. 4" 


MaUy 




pela 


0. 3»3 






Fort, 






r^.Ot 




"43*6, 438. 440. 


k5?1 


ullcs 


*^t 






'c.t 








.1, Mme. 


3ft4 


Maria 






Mo FBI 








Marne 


'hit 


leo 


406 




Rivt 




si*.. '376 


MarTh 





M*udr"!lTiiior F. Stanlay. 3U 



514 

Mcti. ^ °'^ " ' ■* 
MeuneRiver. 406. 4M. 44a 
Mexico, delegates at Nlagi 



iigns presidency, jSj; Seflor Fiaocsco 
Carhajal becomes president. 361: Crt- 
bajal resigns prrsUenc)^. 365; Genersl 
Carranza becomes president. 365; eK- 
praident Guticrrei lorrenderj to Car- 
ranii. 367; Colonel Gariw selected as 
^s.dent. 3^-:; Generals Huerta and 

for. decla-ed by United States. 368; 
•h> TTn^ts.) Rrai..) and Other American 
be United States and 



SUPPLEMENTARY INDEX 



the U 
nght 



i."3'^f"v"firbrm 
s. 37Ji Hue 



dies. jT.j: United States cayairr fight 
with Villa troops at San Geronimo. 373: 
General Tarrania demands withdrairal 
of American troops from. 37.5:nrHaniwd 
militia of Tnited Sutcs called for ser- 
vice on horder of. 376; American tronpi 

to Uiiiied hlates. 3-^7 ; Pershina expedi- 
tion to. or-lered withdrawn. .jSj; Car- 
oath of office Bi president." 385 . tajei oil 
lands. 301; severs relations with Cuba, 

mIS,....,„ 

M«Ei*revMeti railway. 4jB 

Michaehs, 4''. 414 

Military, draft bill. New York State, 374: 
service Bill in Great Britain. 374; 
Rerviee Act in Canada. 3011 United 
States Selective Service A« j,,, 

Milner. Viscount. 391 

Milyiikoff. M.,4iD.4" 

Minsk. a"> 

Mistral. F: " 

Mitchel. J. 

Mitchell. ! 

Mlana rc<«on> 

Moeuvrei. j.K 

Mohammc! V 



Monte Coaen. 440 

Mont" p'"^^n.''4iS 
MnntP Snn Gihriele, - 
Monte Sanf,. 4S.! 
Monte Stabiel. 437 



Monte Solarola, 440 
Monte Tomba. w 
MontediVal Bella. 41 



Mosby. Co'loael John S.. 3! 



Neratofl. Russian : 

Neuve Chapelle. 4< 
Neuve Eelise. 440 



ptured by Australia, 407 
;y. coldest day in thtrty- 
3SS: lighllesa nights de- 
l!rst holiday all theatrea 
3ublic schools closed. 3»o: 



SUPPLEMENTARY INDEX 



Ori'" 


A"' 


444 




Orso 












3*7 










.37* 




n.. Gem™ 








d. 4'>«. 43 






Ot.n 


. Giniril. 






Otra. 


fo )unk, 44 


5 




Oura 




Mini! 


er Df InUrr 


OuMeampa For 










P 












P»Ke 


AmbssM 


ir', 39 


43« 


Pafe 


ti». jii. 














P^til 




by United 



Parker. General J.me>. 
Parker. John M.. ,t;6 
Passchendaele RMge. 4 



Piu» X.. Pope. 364 
Platlsburg. 36S 
PleMier-rfulen retrion. 4J« 



iSoulhCHrDlinB,36S: in Virginia. 380. 
00, in Oregon, 38J; in Teonenee. 381; 
1 Indiana. jS). 303; in New Himp- 

a' 

393; in Michiean. Louisiana. 
394: in Georgia. Teia., 306; 
Florida. Minne»Ca. Wyomi 
mont. California. Miewuri. 3' 



c. 378. 3B6. 388. J 



Rayak, 44s 
Reading. Lord. 1.., 
Redmond. John C. 



Rhondda. Lord. 396 
Ribeativille. 446 
Ribot, M. A. P.. 361. 






516 



SUPPLEMENTARY INDEX 



i 



Ronvaux. 440 

Roosevelt. Qucntin, 400 

Roosevelt Theodore, 376 

Roques, General. 373 

Rosaa. Jeremiah O'Donovan, 370 

Rostand, Bugtee. 370 

Rottof-on-Don, 429 

Rotiani 4x7 

Roulen. 443 

Royereto, 450 

RovnOf 430 

Roye, 43S ^ 

Rumanta, German ultimatam. 39<; OW' 
many ratifies treaty with. 397; declares 
war on Germany, 416; Turkey declares 
war on, 4x6; crushed. 4x6; occuines 
OrsoTS. 416; in South Bukowina. 4x6; 
controls S!^sses in Alps. 4x7; withdraws 
forces in Ttansylvanui. 4x7; Mackensen 
attacks, 43a; Mackensen sends ultima- 
tum to. 436; cabinet resigns, 436: de- 
cides to make peace, 436 ; captures S3sh- 
ineff, 426; signs treaty. 438, 433 

Russia, name of capital changed. 365; 
Sukhomlinoff resigns. 367; ChouTaiey. 
minister of war. 373; Duma opened. 
373; prohibition in. 377* 40S: Duma 
grants peasants rights, 379; Stunner 
resigns. 381 ; Neratoff succeeds Sturmer, 
381; rdigipua freedom in. 385; declares 
war on Bolshcviki. 391; TroUky re- 
signs, 391; Petrograd under martial 
law, 391 ; obligations to subsequent goT* 
emments. 392; Brest-Litovsky treaty, 
393; Voldarsky assassinated, 397: Bol- 
shevists mobilize, 397: Nicholas 11. de- 
posed, 397; pays mdemnity to Ger- 
many, 399; Denmark and Sweden 
sever relations with. 40X ; begins to mo- 
bilise. 404, German ultimatum to. 404; 
Germany declares war on. 404; Austria 
declares war on, 404; crosses German 
frontier, 405; defeated at Memel. 405; 
naval cnpagement off Libau. 40S; 
treaty with ("ireat Britain and France, 
406; completes mobilization, 406; in- 
vades East Prussia, 406; overruns 
Galicia, 406; defeated at Tannenbcrg, 
4^06 ; wins near Lemberg, 406 • reverses 
in East Prussia, 406: captures Lemberg, 
406; driven from East Prussia, 406; 
occupies Soldau, 406; wins near Cracow, 
408 ; occupies Lodz, 408 ; evacuates Lodz. 
408; attempts to cross Carpathians, 
408: »e-»*- on pies Plotzk. 408; invades 
East Prussia. p8; advances in Mlawa 
regions and Carpathians. 408; crosses 
Bzura, 408; invades Turkey, 400; cap- 
tures Przemvsl. 410; attacks in Car- 
pathians. 410; naltic provinces invaded. 
4x0; defeated in Carpathians. 410; ul- 
timatum to Bulgaria. 412; retreat in 
Poland. 412; naval action in Baltic. 
4x3; naval victory in Gulf of Riga, 413; 
advances on Teheran, 413; occupies 
Hamadan. 413; General Kuropatkin, 
414; offensive in Volhynia and Buko- 
wina, 414; enters Lutsk, 4x4; captures 
Brzerum, 415; captures Kermanshah. 
4x5; enters Ispahan, 41s; captures Tre- 
bizond, 415: joins British on Tigris, 4x5; 
victorious in Volhynia. 4x6; conquest of 



Arrnenia.4 16; captures Brodi.Stanislaw, 
4i(); new advance in Bukowina; wins 
near Halicz, 416; unites with Rumania 
in South Bukowina. 4x6; defeated at 
Rinnie. 418: abdication of Caar, 430; 
Prince Lvoff and M. Milyukoff, 430; 
United States recognises xmw govern- 
ment, 420; government l eco uatou ctedi, 
433; defeated in Galidia, 499; otkptvnm 
Halics, 433; retreat begixiSi 4Jrs:eTAe«- 
ates M esopotamia. 493 ; * npttbtte. 4941 
government overtfafownt 4'4S Mtui^ 
tice with Germany. 434; annfatiee be- 
tween Central Powers and BotaherlU, 
434: attemots offensive. 434; defeatad 
in Ottlf of Riga, 435; orders demobiHia- 
tion,436 ; changes to new atjde Calendar, 
436; United States Bmbawy leaves. A^i 
Bolshevild accept peace. 436; Oennaar 
renews war on, 436; Owmaaa jsntari 
436; Bolsheviki defeat Ulomaiana, 41T; 
capital moved to Moeeow, 418; Bel* 
shevild win near Rostof-on-Doii. 419: 
peace conference. 43a; Onr re p octad 
killed, 436; meets Pmnish ddaaatts m 
Berlin, 436 ; counter revolution r ~" 

Bolshevist leaders prepare for , 

43S ; German Ambassador flees to Mos- 
cow, 438 ; Lenine wounded. 440; tnpnmm 
Coundl myites to Pxinoe't Isunde, 4SS 

Russian sunk, 4x9 

Riran, John T., 394 

8 

Safdonoff, Wasilly, 400 
St. Blai, 4x4 
St. Gobain Forest. 440 
St. Georgee, 446 

St. Lawrence River. 378. 386. 3M 
St. Louis University, 363 
St. Maur. 43 a 
St. Mihiel. 406. 440 
St. Paul sinks. 393 

St. Petersburg, name changed to Petro- 
grad, 406 
St. Quentin. 426, 440, 443. 444 
Salandra Ministry in Italy resigns. 367 
Salonika. 4x3. 417, 42 x 
Salvini. Tommaso, 380 
Sambre. 448 
Samoa. 407 
San Diego sunk, 437 
San Dona di Piave, 449 
San Puentes, Juan Luis, 369 
San Giovanni di Medua, 4x5 
Sasso Rosso, 43 5 
Sauna-i-Yat. 419 
Savage, Rev. Dr. Minot. 400 
Saxony. King of. deposed. 39P 
Sayville, wireless. 368 
Scarborough, 409 
Scarpe, 430, 438. 440 
Scheldt, 448. 45 X 
Schlcchtcr. Solomon, 370 
Schulthess. Edmund, 381 
Schwab, Charles M., 393 
Searle, Rev. George M.. 400 
Sebastopol. 432 
Seine River. 406 
Selective Service Act. 433 
Seligmann, Isaac, 388 



5UPPLBHBNTARY INDEX 



Seraandria, 405 

Seaste. 44: 



ss;- 



"u4t'ij!iii,'44o" 



iiowjunv- 44i», 440 

li«r. R«v. Thomai R.. jgo 

mith, P. Hopkimon. J70 






>;3Sl. 389,391. 3V1 



Stefanuoii. ViihJBlmar. je 

Stcvenion! Ad la i E.. 364 
StokM. Rom Pastor. 309. 3 
Story. Thomas Waldo. 31< 
Straihourg. 451 
Strathcona, Lord. 364 



mark, 3M. 3^7. 30S; in Vew Jemey. 368: 
in New York. 37i>. 386; in Masiachu- 
««ti. ]7o; in Pennsylvania. 370; United 

37ilVn NoAh Dakota'. sSii (Jew York 
Senate submita amendment tn voteia. 
38]; suffraKetle pii:liets in Washington. 
384- 386: in Maine. 386: Prejident^il- 
ann indoisei by stales. 3S6; pamde. fJew 
York City. ,iSiS: in Ohio. jSft; President 
Wilson suppans Federal amendment, 
39"; in Canada. 3O1; in MisiissEppi 



JM; in Hungary. 39*; U 

8weden.'4o''^ ' °'°"' "" 
Suippe. 441. 444 
Su lib am I in a 9. General. jfiT 
Sullivan, John L.. 400 
Supreme Council. «j 
Sunti. 414. 41s 
Snzanne. iiS 
Swan. SirJ.W.. 364 



Tannenberg. battle of. 406 

Tarropol. 4ri 

TauscEer. Captain Han.. 374 

Tcherna. 416 

Teheran. 413 

Telegraphy, Wirelell, betwee 
trains. 366. between Waihi 
Panama Canal zone. 366; at 

Telephone. First trans-continei 



fris 



ribe. Ini 



u. 368 



M, sir John. 364 



:ontinenUl. 366. 



1 ikic|/vH« ninge. 4J0 
Thiescourt Wood. 43* 
Thon. 4S1 
Thou rout. 446 

Tigris. 411. 415.445.440 
Tiltman. Beni. R.. 306. 400 
Tinoeo. Frederico. 383 
Tosoland. Africa, 407 
Tonal e, 437 

Tosli. Sir Francesco P.. 380 
Toul. 4J8 



• pk torpedoed. 411 

-Tau.4'07.409 
General Chi-jui. 38s 
1. 394 
("upper, air i,,naries. 370 
Turkey. Abdul Hamid dies. JBI.lJ 



Tupper 



Engla. 



07; Mohar 
1 Caucasus. 409; Ruiiian's in- 



518 



SUPPLEMENTARY INDEX 



Turlcey^-Contintud 

vade,409 ; attempts to croM Sues CaiuJ. 

t09; Italy declares war on. 412: in the 
>ardanelles. 413; four transports sunk, 
413; defeated on Euphrates. 413. ^33; 
defeated at Kut-eUAmara. at Ctesiphon 
413; Townshend surrenders to. 415; 
declares war on Rumania. 416: re- 
pulsed near Rouani. 417; severs rela- 
tions with United Mates. 420; defeated 
at Gaza. 421, 425. 443; retreaU to Jebej 
Hamrin. 421. 423: evacuates Wadi 
Hesi and Ascalon. 42s; attempts to re- 
take Jerusalem. 425; reported desertion 
of troops. 427; recaptures Trebizond, 
427; captures Erzerum. 429; in Meso- 
potamia. 431; at Baku. 433; captures 
Tabriz, 433: defeated on Jordan. 43?; 
attack by Anglo-Egyptian and French 
troops. 441: 4th. 7th. and 8th armies 
441 ; separate peace, 446 ; surrenders on 
Tigris. 449; capitulates. 449; opens 
Black Sea. 449; repatriation of allied 
prisoners. 449 
Tuscania sunk, 437 

U 

Udine, 450 

Uka. Lieutenant-General. 373 

Ukraine. JQ7. 426. 430, 432. 452 

Ulster. Home Rule question in. 362 

Vndtne sunk. 413 

United States, cotton price convention. 

HaKue. 3^6; declares embarRo on arms 
for Mexico. 368; wireless at Sayville. 
3^)8 ; sijjns treaty with Haiti, 368 ; room 
in capitolwrecke<l by bomb, 3'>8; Draft 
bill. New York State. 374: army reor- 
Kanization bill 37^); orKanizcl militia 
called for service on Mexican border, 
376; House passes larKcst army budget, 
376; demolMlization of National Guards, 
men.37H; purchases Danish West Indies. 
378; Chilfl Labor Bill. 378; Supreme 
Court upholds constilutonality of 
Wehh-Kenyon law. 38^; law passed 
prohibitini? sendinw of lijuor advertise- 
ments bv mail into dry territory. 382; 
I)istri<n of Cdlumhia <lry. 382; Danish 
West Indies i)ass to sovereignty of. 382; 
Senate prohil)its unlimited debate. 382; 
Senite ad)i)ts n'solution submitting 
prohibition a-nrndment to Tonstitution. 
38 J ; Republicans «ain three seats in 
Conirrcss. .<86; blizzard in Southern 
States, .ioo; Burleson confirmed as 
Postmaster-(»eneral. 300; Hoover or- 
ders food restriction. .V^o; draft agree- 
nient with Great Britain and Canada, 
300; registration of enemy aliens. 300; 
export and import licenses. 300; meat- 
less days reduced. 300; Lord Reading 
appointed ambassador to. 300; Ishii 
appointed ambassador to. 301 ; day- 
li^nt savin^j in. ^^)2; controls Phila- 
delphia polire, .v)2; .American Railway 
Express. M)\\ r(«>Tistry days for draft, 
30 1. y)<). .V)S; whe.1t and meat re- 
strictions removed. .v><>: drawing of reR- 



istered men. 396; d*y;light UTinc law, 
398 : influenza epidemic 398 ; Sexiateiie- 
jects suffrage amendment, 398; motor- 
less Sundays* 398; false peace-day. 
398; recognizes Czecho-Slovaks. 398; 
Pood Stimulation Bill. 398. ^00 ; first de- 
mobilization order, 400; discontinues 
censorship. 400; lightless nigjiu. 400; 
troops enter Germany, 400; Germany 
appeals to. 401; troops enter Prussia, 
iioi ; Wilson declares neutrality of . 404; 
declares neutrality of Canal Zone, 408: 
safety of vessels in war sone pledged 
by Germany. 412: demands recall of 
Dumba. Boy-Ed. Von Papen, 4i3;note 
regarding submarine warfare. 414. re- 
fuses to advise Americans not to trarel 
on armed merchant ships. 414; orders 
inquiry into sinking ot Sussex, 4x4; 
sends ultimatum to Germany. 4>4i 
demands apology from Austria for sink- 
ing of Petroltte, 4^41 protests against 
deportation of Belgians. 416; peace 
note. 418; Germany's reply to peace 
note. 418: severs diplomatic relations 
with Germany. 418; dismisses Bems- 
torff. 418; President asks permission 
to arm merchant ships. 4x8; armed 
guards on merchant vessels. 430; recog- 
nizes new government of Russia. 430; 
withdraws minister and consuls from 
Belgium. 420; war deolared. 430; rela- 
tions severed with Austria. 420; rela- 
tions severed with Turkey, 420; Selec- 
tive Service Act, 422: Pood Control Bill, 
422; replies to Pope Benedict. 422; first 
troops in France. 422: destroyers co- 
operate with British navy. 423; reveals 
Luxburg despatches. 424: declares war 
on Austria, 424; troops in first-line 
trenches. 426; embassy leaves Petro- 
grad, 426; troops in Chemin des Dames 
sector. 426: reported desertion of 
Turkish troops, 427; takes over Dutch 
shipping, 4.^8; Rainbow Division in 
Lorraine sector. 428; troopsin Lorraine. 
ChampaKne. Alsace. Luneville. Aisne. 
Toul, 428; first permanent advance. 
428; size of army at end of first year. 
430; marines bend German line north of 
Ch&teau-Thierry 432; coastwise vessels 
sunk by submarines. 433. 439; takes 
Vaux, .}34; with Australians takes 
Hameil. 4.^4; drives Germans across 
Marnc. 43f>: <lrives Crown Prince back. 
436; troops at Archangel. 437; retire- 
ment of Ambassador Page, 438; Amer- 
can Tnirtieth Division. 438; advance 
with .ManRin against Pisme. 43R. troops 
land in Siberia. 439; Americansin Petro- 
grad reported safe. 440; rejects Austria's 
peace oflfer. 44«'. Third Division. 440; 
captures Voormezeele, 440; advances 
between V'leil Arcy and Villers-en- 
Praveres. 440; assaults St. Mihiel 
salient. 449. Rains at Ronvaux, Man- 
heullcs. Pintheville. Haumont. 440; 
Thirtieth. Th'.rty-eighth. and Twenty- 
seventh Divisions advance toward Cam- 
brai. 440; First Army attacks from 
Meuse through Argonne Forest. 442; 



SUFFLBHENTARY INDEX 



OniMd StatM— CoHitii 




Ukes Gereourt. Gu 


cy. Mootfaucoo 




dvances 10 Kriem- 


hMS'^iT^l^^iT^it 


Rawlinsos takes 


Bellecourt and Nsuroy. 44'; t^» 


Apremont. 443; rcc 




trmiatice from Gern 






4; Italo Xmerican 




cks Duraiio. 444 


repliM lo German 


VeXn, 446T^intA 


Vs""orth«.t'"'o 


my takes Hill ass 


and •lorm* St. Ceo 


(res. lakei Grand 


Pr« and C6le de Chatillon. 446; with 
British captures WaasiEny and Klbcau 


ville, 446; First Arm 


captures Ban the 


ville. 446: First A™ 


y breaks throuBh 


U5c« Buns a^inst 




¥H,*AS?a; 


Divijio- with Third 


towns from Pcrgwy 




aa6; F11.I Army > 
Monlm*dy snd C 




nflani, 448; S3". 




rd lulian Army 


crosKs Piave. 44!>: 


False Peace Day 


451; two divialans advance on thirty 


mile front. 4!'; Pip 
heigh 11 of Woevre 




and Sedan. 451 


delegates to Peace 


Conferenc. 4S1 



of treaty made public, 4S1; iumm.rj ..[ 
German reply made public, ASl] te.t of 



lent of, 367 



Valdei. Proident. 311 
Valdohbiadene, 440 
Valenciennes. 448 

Vanderbitt. Alfred G 



Vesle, ajfi. 440 
Victor Emmanu 



. King of Italy. 45a 



von Bernalorff. 418 

von Bethmana-Hollweg, CbanMtkn. iSi. 

von E'icliom. Field Marshal. 39T 
von Henlina, 414, 416, 44a 
von iiindenbuTg, 40B, 410 



^'^.-^olo. 



Wervicq. 446 
WestinRhouse. Ce 
tVatorrr sunV, 43 
Wevelnhem. 446 
White, Andrew C 
While. Henry. 45 
White. William / 



Wilhi 

Wilder. Mars 
Wilhelmihav 
Williams, An 
Wilson, Wood 

tSbor'sifr. 

Daylight S 
hill. 301 ;cl 



II.. King of 1 



a^ut travelling on armed merchant 
ships. 4'4: addresaei Congrcsa. 414: 
•■Peace note," 41SI gives views on 
peace to Senate, 418: atlrt authority to 




u LdciI Lleuleu- 



Wikoa—ConUnti 
lepliaa to Germuiy'i petct oBir. 446; 
SttpTBm* Coancil adopt proposBli o(. 
4Sa; rwdi draft or League o[ Nationa, 
4IilMlb[or United Sutca, 4SI1 Tctunii 

WimbotaeTBanni rati 
ant ot Irelksd. 374 
Windau. 41 j 
WiDtolkem. 44! 
Winter, Wllliani, 3>S 



Wrtichaete. 440 



PreiidMit Otwtea. aOS 
lga.4». 43i.44>. 44S 
43j'44C 

Zappaliai. 411,411 
SUabelra. 4>4 
"Zlnunennann aota, " 418 
Zoppalli, Oeacral, 43a 



vneuirutnftM . 



t 

i 



^\ 






3 9015 06300 17^