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THE 



of 5>tr 



TO 

THE HOLY LAND, A.D. 1506. 

FROM A COPY BELIEVED TO BE UNIQUE, 

FROM THE PRESS OF RICHARD PYNSON. 

EDITED BY 

SIR HENRY ELLIS, K.H., Sw.S.A., 

PRINCIPAL LIBRARIAN OF THE BRITISH MUSEUM. 




PRINTED FOR THE CAMDEN SOCIETY. 
M.DCCC.LI. 




LONDON : 

J. B. NICHOLS AND fON, PRIKTUft, 
PARLIAMENT STREET. 



[NO. LI.) 



COUNCIL 
or 

THE CAMDEN SOCIETY 

FOR THE YEAR 1851. 



President, 
THE RIGHT HON. LORD BRAYBROOKE, F.S.A. 

JOHN YONGE AKERMAN, ESQ. Sec. S.A. 

THOMAS AMYOT, ESQ. F.R.S., F.S.A. Director. 

WILLIAM HENRY BLAAUW, ESQ. M.A. F.S.A. 

JOHN BRUCE, ESQ. Treas. S.A. 

JOHN PAYNE COLLIER, ESQ. V.P.S.A. Treasurer. 

C. PURTON COOPER, ESQ. Q.C., D.C.L., F.R.S., F.S.A. 

WILLIAM DURRANT COOPER, ESQ. F.S.A. 

BOLTON CORNEY, ESQ. M.R.S.L. 

SIR HENRY ELLIS, K.H., F.R.S., Sec. S.A. 

THE REV. JOSEPH HUNTER, F.S.A. 

PETER LEVESQUE, ESQ. F.S.A. 

SIR FREDERIC MADDEN, K.H. 

FREDERIC OUVRY, ESQ. F.S.A. 

WILLIAM J. THOMS, ESQ. F.S.A., Secretary. 

THOMAS WRIGHT, ESQ. M.A. F.S.A. 



The Council, of the CAMDBN SOCIETY desire it to be under- 
stood that they are not answerable for any opinions or observa- 
tions that may appear in the Society's publications ; the Editors of 
the several works being alone responsible for the same. 



INTRODUCTION. 



THE Tract here presented to the reader is from a 
copy believed to be unique, preserved in the Library 
bequeathed to the British Museum by the will of the 
late Right Hon. Thomas Grenville, in 1845. It is 
from the press of Richard Pynson, and was entirely 
unknown to Ames when he published his "Typogra- 
phical Antiquities," as well as to Herbert and to Dr. 
Dibdin when editing the subsequent editions of that 
work. 

The author of this Journal, for such it really is, was 
the Chaplain to Sir Richard Guylforde by whom the 
pilgrimage was undertaken; further than this we are 
without information, as even his name is unrecorded. 

Sir Richard Guylforde was a person of known emi- 
nence ; of a good family, as the pedigree which accom- 
panies this preface will explain ; and one of those who, 
upon the usurpation of Richard the Third, quickly 
espoused the cause of the Earl of Richmond. Polydore 
Vergil mentions him expressly among those whom Sir 
Reginald Bray brought into his lure, taking an oath 



\ I l\ I KiilM ( I |M\. 

from tin-in to he true and M-cret ; hut Sir Kiehard 
(iuyltorde's father liad been comptroller >f the house- 
hold to Edward the Fourth, and it is more probnhlr 
tliat, knowing as they well did the means by which 
Kit-hard liad mounted the throne, they Tell readily into 
defection, without the necessity of previous lure. 

Father and son, at the same moment, raised forces 
for the Earl of Richmond in Kent ; and on the Duke 
of Buckingham's defeat \\ere both included by name 
in the act of attainder of the Duke and his fol- 
lowers. b Of Sir John Guylforde, the father, \ve hear 
nothing at the moment. But Richard is stated to 
have fled immediately to the Earl in Britany, and 
to have returned subsequently with him to Wales, 
when at the landing at Milford Haven he received 
the honour of knighthood/ There is no mention of 
him at Bosworth ; but through the reign of Henry 
the Seventh, as far as his twenty-first year, Sir Richard 
Guylforde was the object of continued favour. On the 
29th September, 1485, he received the custody of 
the royal manor of Kennington, d where Henry took 
up his residence previous to his coronation. On the 
I of October following he was made one of the Cham- 
lierlains of the Exchequer ; subsequent to which, on 
the Mh March, we find him Master of the Ordnance 



Polyd. Vcrg. Hist ed. Gandav. I ii, torn. ii. p. 1396. 

11 Hot. Prl. vol vi. j>. -245 b. c Collins's Baronetage, vol. v. |. _' 
I'.it. I llni. VII. Ibid. 



INTRODUCTION. Vll 

and of the King's Armoury.' He was likewise one of 
those whom the King made choice of for his Privy 
Council. 6 In the 2nd of Hen. VII. he received the 
hailiwick of Winchelsea in grant from the Crown : c 
on the 1st of October that year tho manor of Higham 
in Sussex, to him and his heirs male, with power to 
build and embattle ; d and on the 31st December the 
King gave him the marriage of Elizabeth, the heir of 
Robert Mortymer. 8 Collins says, on the 15th of April 
this year, by the name of the King's right trusty 
counsellor and knight for his body, Sir Richard Guyl- 
forde was appointed to take care for the building of a 
ship of seven hundred tons, to be like a ship called the 
Columbe of France : and that on the 5th October, 3rd 
Hen. VII. the sum of one hundred marks was ordered 
to be paid to him for preparing requisites for the justs 
against the Queen's coronation/ In the 5th Hen. VII. 
we learn, upon the same authority, that he covenanted 
by indenture to serve the King upon the sea with five 
hundred mariners and soldiers for two months from the 
12th July in three ships ; on the 13th May it is added, 
probably in the 6th Hen. VII. he had given him 
three hundred marks of the first money arising from 

Collins, ut supr. See also the Act of Resumption, Rot. Parl. vi. 364 b. 
b Grafton, p. 856. c W. D. Cooper's Hist. Winchels. p. 116. 

d Ibid. p. 169. Collins, uttupr. Pat. 2 Hen. VII. 

f Collins, p. 3. 



Vlll l\ I KM|.| ( HON. 

the subsidies in the j)ort of Chiehrster.' On the .'Huh 
March, 7th Hen. VII. the Kinir, rrcitini; that he hail 
granted 40/. yearly, besides the fees belonging to the 
offices of Master of the Ordnance and of the Armoury, 
orders 2o/. thereof to be immediately advanced, for his 
good and acceptable service, and that "now specially, 
in this our great journey to our royaume of France. t<> 
him right ponderous and chargeable." 1 * In the 8th 
Hen. VII. the marriage of Thomas de la Warr was 
granted to him. c In the 9th Hen. VII. a hundred 
pounds were given to him toward the maintenance 
of his charges in being Sheriff of Kent : d and in the 
same year, he and his son Edward had a re-grant 
of the Office of the Armoury in the Tower of London 
for the lives of each of them.' In the llth Hen. 
VII., 21st April, he received the stewardship of the 
manors and lands in Surrey and Sussex which had 
belonged to the Duchess of York; f and on June 17th 
in the same year, 1496, he aided in discomfiting the 
Cornish rebels on Blackhcath ; on which occasion he was 
made a Banneret.' In the 12th Hen. VII. the mar- 
riage of Catherine Whiteside was granted to him ; h and 
in the same year money was granted to him, being then 

* Collins, p. 3. Ib. ' Pat 9 Hen. VII. 

* Collins, p. 3. Pat. 9 Hen. VII. ' Pat. 11 Hen. VII. 

* See Grafton, p. 916. In this year also, probably as a reward, an Act 
ptMed for disgavelling his lands in Kent. See Hasted, vol. i. p. Ixxxix. 

" Pat. 12 Hen. VII. 



INTRODUCTION. IX 

comptroller of the household, for keeping St. George's 
feast ; on which feast, in the 14th year, his name occurs 
in the scrutinies, in both the classes of harons and of 
knights.' In the 15th Hen. VII. he was elected into 
the Order of the Garter : his garter-plate may still be 
seen fixed within one of the stalls of St. George's Chapel. 
In the 21st Hen. VII. free warren was granted to him 
in his manor of Cotmanton. This was the last of the 
royal grants. 

Collins says, in the 22nd of Henry VII. he went 
beyond sea. His will, however, bears date 7th April, 
21st Hen. VII. the day before his departure for the 
Holy Land. " On Wednesday, at night," says the 
Chaplain, " in Passion-week, that was the 8th day 
of April, in the 21st year of the reign of Henry the 
Seventh, the year of our Lord God 1506, about ten of 
the clock that night, we shipped at Bye, in Sussex; 
and landed at Kyriell in Normandy the next day about 



noon." 



The only person of comparative importance who 
accompanied Sir Richard Guylford on this journey, was 
the Prior of Giseburn, in Yorkshire ; who, as far as the 
mention of him is concerned, is noticed only by his 
official title. His name was John Whitby. From the 
Register of the See of Lincoln he appears in fact to have 

Collins, tit supr. 
CAMD. SOC. b 



X l\ I i:iM.i ( IK.V. 

rerignrd his office of Prior of Giseburn, 13th Maivli. 
1 .")<).">, thivr \\rrks hrfoiv In* \\rnt upon this pilgrimage. 
Sir Richard Guyldefordc had scarcely reached the 
land of his hope in August, 1506, \\ \\c\\ he fell ill upon 
tin* road between Jaffa and Jerusalem. 

" Sonday at night we took our journey toward Jerusalem ; and because 
both my master and master Prior of Gisburn were sore sick, therefore, with 
great difficulty and outrageous cost, we purveyed camels for them, and 
certain Mamalukes to conduct them in safety to Jerusalem, which entreated 
us very evil, and took much more for their pain than their covenant was." 

In the account of the holy places, WE, that is the 
company, are mentioned, in general terms, as making 
the visits, and receiving reliques ; but no individual no- 
tice occurs either of Sir Richard Guyldeforde or of his 
friend the Prior, except in a single passage which will 
be hereafter noticed. 

" Souday the 6th day of September, We went all to Mounte Syon to 
masse ; and the same day we dined with the Warden and friars then-. 
where we had a right honest dinner ; and or then we rose from the board, 
the Warden rose from the board, and took a basin full of folden papers 
with reliques in each of them, and so he went endlong the cloister there 
we sat at the table, and dealt to every Pilgrim as he passed a paper with 
reliques of the holy places about Jerusalem, which we took as devoutly as 
we could, and thanks according." 

Then follow these three paragraphs : 

" The Saturday before, Master Prior of Giscborough deceased, about t\\<> 
or three of the clock at afternoon, and the same night late he was had to 
Mount Syon and there buried. 

" And this same Sunday at night, about one or two of the clock at after 



INTRODUCTION. XI 

midnight, my Master, Sir Richard Guylford, whom God assoile, deceased, 
and was had the same morning to Mount Syon aforesaid. 

" And the same Monday, Our Lady's even, the Nativity, all the Pil- 
grims come to Mount Syon, to the burying of my said Master Guylford, 
where was done by the friars as much solemn service as might be done for 
him ; and this was the 7th day of September." 

Sir Richard Guylforde' s will was proved 10th May, 
1508. He devises to his wife fifty marks yearly for her 
dower, and the residue to his son Edward. No men- 
tion of the journey to Palestine ; nor anything beyond 
the terms of ordinary bequest. 

His first wife was Anne daughter and heir of John 
Pimpe of Kent : a his second, Joan, was sister to Sir 
Nicholas, afterwards the first Lord Vaux. 

This second alliance accounts for the civilities which 
were shewn to Sir Richard and his party by the family 
of the Pallavicini. 

" Friday the 8th day of May to Nova-villa in Haust, to Hauste, and to 
Curtysello the same night, where we were at ease. 

" Saturday to Alexandria, and there Sunday all day, where Master Jerom 
and Augustyn Panyson, with the great number of their worshipful parents 
and cousins, which two gentlemen be nigh cousins unto Master Vaux and 
to my Lady Guylforde, made great honour, feasts, and cheer unto my 
Master Guylforde that might not be amended, and also stuffed us with 
victuals, bread, and wine in our barges. There we left our horses and took 
the water of Tannar." 

Pynson has printed Panyson, evidently for Pauyson, 
meaning Pallavicino. 

MS. Harl. 2109, fol. 72 b. 



\ii IN i KODI i i IM\. 

Two other passages shew the attention which tin- 
pilgrims still received, after Sir Richard Guylford. \ 
drath, from Sir Christopher Pallavicino, who had him- 
self followed them upon pilgrimage. The first says, 

" And when we had thus sped our pilgrimages with great watch, haste, 
and labour, there come to Jerusalem a nobleman of Milan, called r. 
Christopher de Palvasyn, which passed with us in our gaily from Venice to 
the Rhodes, and there he left our gaily, and took another ship to Alexandria 
and to Carve, purposing to have gone by that way to St. (Catherine's Mount, 
but he found that passage so dangerous, finding no sure conduct*-, that he 
durst venture no farther that way than to Cayre, but from thence he re- 
turned to Jerusalem, and arrived there before our departure from thence ; 
and after that the said my Sir Christopher was at a point and agreement 
with our patron to pass again with his galley to Venice. They both un- 
treated us pilgrims in good and fair manner to be content to tarry still at 
Jerusalem unto the time the said my Sir Christopher might do his pilgrim- 
age there and visit the holy places, whereunto we all agreed and were con- 
tent with much the better good will because we were glad and desirous to 
see and visit more oftener the holy places there : and so it fell that by means 
of the company of the said nobleman, and some part for our money, we had 
eftsones licence to enter into the Temple of the Holy Sepulchre other three 
ftundry nights, and to visit again such other holy places as we had devotion 
unto, and also to seek and visit divers pilgrimages and holy things that we 
had not seen before." 

The second passage, the time was Christmas, says : 

" When we were thus at Corfu, my Sir Christopher Palvesyn, a noble- 
man of Milan, and sundry other of the best passengers in our galley, seeing 
the great fear and trouble that we had often been in, and in what peril and 
danger we had been many times put to by sundry storms ; considering also 
the great controversies, variances, strifes, and discorses that were alway 
between the governors awl the master mariners of our galley in every such 



INTRODUCTION. Mil 

storm and peril ; seeing also that there wanted many mariners and galiottes 
that ought to be in the said galley, through covetousness and wretchedness 
of the patron of the same, by reason whereof there was not help sufficient 
to govern and rule the said galley in the winter weather ; for the which con- 
siderations my Sir Christopher Palvesyn, and the best passengers aforesaid, 
left and forsook our galley and gat themself into one of the galleys of 
Traffigo, called Conteryn, for their better speed and more surety." 

In the Harleian MS. 6125, there is an enumeration of 
marriages solemnized at different times in the presence 
of Henry the Seventh and of Queen Elizabeth his wife, 
among which we find, 

" Sir Richard Guilford to the sister of Sir Nicholas Vaulx." 

On Mary the sister of Henry the Eighth's marriage 
with Louis the Twelfth of France in 1514, Lady Guyl- 
forde attended her as the mistress of her maids of 
honour, whose unceremonious dismissal, together with 
all the bride's other English attendants, formed a heavy 
subject of complaint with the French queen.' In the 
6th of Henry the Eighth, Lady Guylforde had a grant 
of an annuity of 20/. in acknowledgment of her services 
to the King, to his father and mother, and his sisters the 
Queens of France and Scotland. 

In the 7th Hen. VIII. she had an additional annuity 
of 40J. payable for her life out of the issues of the 
county and honor of Richmond. She was alive in 
1531. In the privy purse payments of December lliat 
year, we read, " Paid to a servant of myne old Lady 

See Ellis's Hist. Letters. 



\i\ i\ i i;om (i ION. 

(JuldHord's in reward for bringing of lampry pies to 
ih King's Grace, 10*.' 

Pilgrimages in early times were of varied character. 

Tliosc made at home uere chiclly to shrines, to x;miN, 
or to wells. Tlie Canterbury pilgrimage, and that to 
our Lady of Walsingham, were probably the most popu- 
lar. Chaucer has perpetuated the remembrance of the 
one ; Erasmus of the other. 

The Pilgrimages made to other countries were chiefly 
those to Compostella, to Rome, and to Jerusalem. Com- 
postella in Gallicia was the nearest ; and in the fifteenth 
century the chartering of vessels to convey pilgrims to 
the Shrine of St. James occurs very frequently upon the 
public records. 

The journey to Jerusalem took no small sum of money 
to accomplish. Brompton tells us that in 1170, when 
lliehard the First arrived at Marseilles, he found many 
pilgrims who had waited so IOIILJ; lor a sea pa- > the 

Holy Land, that their funds had become exhausted. 

What a journey to the Holy Land was in the eleventh 
century we learn from Ingulphus. Alter Crowing un- 
popular as the minister of William duke of Normandy, 
who had carried him from England in 1051, he asked 
leave to go on a pilgrimage to Jerusalem, accompanied 
by an array of thirty Norman knights, and clerks. The 
attendant pilgrims at one time amounted to seven thou- 
Privy Purse Exp. of Kliz. of York. 



INTRODUCTION. \ \ 

sand. When this company got among the Arabs, to use 
his own expression, they found themselves " eviscerati 
de infinitis pecuniis." Nevertheless, they reached Jeru- 
salem, and they traversed the sanctuaries of the holy 
city with a fervour of devotion more easily imagined 
than described. The delineation of the return is em- 
phatic. " Et tandem de triginta equitibus, qui de Nor- 
mannia pingues exivimus, vix viginti pauperes pere- 
grini, et omnes pedites, macie multa attenuati, reversi 



sumus."' 



Dugdale, in the Monasticon, gives an account of the 
Journey of "William de Mandeville earl of Essex to 
Jerusalem in 1177, and of his safe return.* 

Edward the Third proposed a voyage thereto; but the 
Parliament proposed a postponement. 11 

As a general fashion, pilgrimages to the Holy Land 
ceased with us about the time of Henry the Fifth. 

A few instances however of English travellers to that 
country are found in later time. Such were William 
Wey, fellow of Eton College, who celebrated mass cum 
cantu organico at Jerusalem in 1472. He went the 
journey twice, and his Itineraries of both journeys are 
preserved in the Bodleian library. The latest instance 
is probably that of Syr Richard Torkyngton, parson of 
Mulberton in Norfolk, who went to Jerusalem in 1517, 
a portion of whose narrative was printed in the Gentle- 

.Edit. Gale. > Mon. Angl. i. 552, old edit. 

c Rot. Parl. ii. 64a. d Ibid. ii. 65a. 



\\ i IN i i:"M i HON. 

man's Magnxinr for 1812. ami in Fnshrooke's Brit Mi 
Monachism, 4to., p. 117 ami s-<[. 

In a Collection of Manuscripts puiv)i:isr<l lor the 
British Museum in October 1850, was one, in Gerni:m. 
apparently the autograph Copy of the Travels of Hans 
Tucher to Jerusalem in 1479. 

The reader is, of course, acquainted with the " Opus 
transmarinae Peregrinationis ad venerandum et glorio- 
sum Sepulchrum dominicum in Jherusalem," by Bmi- 
hard de Breydenbach, fol. Mogunt. 1486. Breydenbach 
was the Dean of Mentz ; and his work is believed to be 
the first Book of travels that was printed. He carried 
out a draughtsman with him, of the name of Erhard 
Bewick, from whose designs numerous woodcuts illus- 
trate the Volume. 

Jerusalem pilgrims had the Cross sewn upon tin Mi- 
shoulders. 

The " Manuale ad Usum Ecclesiae Sarisburiensis, 
4to. Rothomagi, typis Nicolai Ruffi, MDxliii." p. 58 63, 
prrsi'i-vrs thr Innn ol' Cfiviuoiiial u^.-d al Idc^sin- tin- 
pilgrims, " Ordo ad servitium Peregrinorum facit-n- 
dum." 

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CAMD. 80C. 



THE PYLGRYMAGE 



S R R. GUYLF^, KNY. 



FIRSTE, the Wednysday at nyght in Passyon weke that was /. y. 
y* .viij. day of Apryll in the .xxi. yere of the reygne of our soue- 
raygne lord kynge Henry the .vij. the yere of our Lorde God 
.M.D.vj., aboute .x. of y e cloke the same nyght, we shypped at 
Rye in Sussex, and the nexte daye, that was Shyre Thursdaye, 
aboute noone, we landed at Kyryell in Normandy, and rode to 
Depe the same nyght. 

Good Frydaye, the .ix. daye of Apryll, we rode to Totys, where 
we herde the deuyne seruyce, and soo to Roane the same nyght, 
where we abode Ester euyn and Ester daye all daye, and on Ester 
Monday that was the .xij. daye of Apryll we departed frome Roane 
to Guys to dyner, and to Myny y e same nyght. 

Tewysdaye to Pountese to dyner, and rode by seynt Denys, 
where we offerde and saw the relyquys, and to Parys the same 
nyght, where we abode Wednysdaye all daye. 

Thursdaye, the .xvj. daye of Apryll, to Essone and to Myly. 
Frydaye to seynt Mathelyn and to Montorg 9 . 
Saterdaye to Bryere, and to Cona. 



4 TIIK PYLORYMAOB OF 

Somlaye. tin- .MX. daye, after masse to Cyryte. 
Mondaye to Nauers and to seynt Pyers La Mottyer. 
Tewsdaye to Molyns, and to Valyons. 
Wednysdaye to seynt Martyn, and to seynt Gy. 

Thursdaye, seynt Georgf daye, to Roana, and to Tarrare, where 
we )>assed an yll mountayne. 

Frydaye to Labrylle, and to Lyon, where we taryed bothe 
Saterdaye and Sonday, and vysyted the relyques at the Yle where 
saint Anne lyeth and Longyous ; there is also a cuppe of an erne- 
rawde stone wherof oure Sauyoure Criste dranke at his maundy. 

Mondaye, the .xxvij. daye of Apryll, to Vyenna. 
Tewysdaye to Bewrepayre, and to seynt Antony. 
Wednysday to Leerbe and to Tulynes. 

Thursdaye, the laste daye of Apryll, to Lasheles, where lyethe 
quene Elyanour of Englonde, and in an abbey of her awne fouda- 
cyon ; and from thense after dyner the same nyght we passed the 
daungerous Moute to the grete Charterhouse, where we well were 
receyuyd, and lay there all that nyght. 

i.). Frydaye, the firste daye of Maij, ayen to Lasheles, and ouer the 
Mounte to Shambery. 

Saterdaye to Moute Mylyon and to Chambre. 
Sdday, Holy rode day, after masse to Agabelle. 



SYR R. GUYLPORDE, KNYGHT. 5 

Mondaye to seynt Mychell and to seynt Andrea. 
Tewysdaye to Ocesse and to Lyuyngborghe. 

Wednysday to Susa, and there restyd vs all nyght, bycause of 
the greuous Mounte Senys that we passed the same daye. 

Thursdaye to seynt Ambrose and to Moncalere. 

Fryday, the .viij. daye of Maij, to Nouauylla in Haust to 
Hauste, and to Curtysello the same nyght, where we were at 
ease, &c. 

Saterdaye to Alexandrya, and there Sonday all daye, where 
maister Jerom and Augustyn Panyson, with the grete noubre of 
their worshypfull parentis and cosyns, whiche two gentylmen be 
nyghe cosyns vnto mayster Vaux and to my lady Guylforde, made 
grete honour, feestis, and cheere vnto my M. Gulford y 1 myght 
not be amedyd, and also stuffed vs w* vitayllf, brede, and wyne 
in our bargf : there we lefte our horses and toke the water of 
Tannar. 

Mondaye the .xi. daye of Maij we toke shyppynge there, and 
aboute .x. myle thens the sayde Tannar brought vs into the Poo, 
by syde Bassynyana, whiche stondeth vppon the Poo. The same 
daye we passyd Pauya, and lay y l nyght at Seint Jacobo, a vyllage. 

Tewysdaye the .xij. daye we passed by Plesaunce and Cremona, 
and laye at Pulleso. 

Wednysdaye we passed by Trusell p uia Cassamora, Vedona, 
Mantua, Bressello, and Gwastale all nyght. 

Thursdaye by Bulforde and Belforde, the one ayenst the other 



6 THR PYLORYM AGE OF 

on the ryuer, and so to Hystya, where we souped and toke oure 
bote and passed all that nyght. The same nyght we passed by 
Ferare, whiche stondeth .iij. myle frome the Poo, and a lytell 
aboue Ferare the Poo departeth into two partf, that oon parte 
gothe to Ferare and so into the see at , and the other parte 

to Padow. 

Frydaye somwhat byfore noone we lefte all the Poo and toke 
our course by a lytell ryuer y 1 commeth to the same, called the 
Fosse, made and cutte out by hande, whiche brought vs ouer- 
thawart into another ryuer, called Latyze, that cometh from 
Verone and Trent ; and yet within a whyle we trauersed out of 
/o. iv. that ryuer into an other lytell ryver, whiche brought vs thawarte 
ayen into Latyze, whiche Latyze broughte vs into Chose vpon the 
see, called in Latyne Claudium, where we lay all nyght, .xxv. 
myle frome Venys. 

The nexte daye, Saterdaye byfore the feste of Assencion of 
oure Lorde, that was the .xvj. daye of Maij, we come to Venyse, 
aboute .ij. of the cloke at after noone. 

The .xij. daye of June, that was Fryday, we wente by water to 
Padua by the ryver of Brente, and there we taryed Saterdaye and 
Sondaye. Saterdaye was the feeste of seynt Antony, whiche was 
a Grey Frere, and lyeth ryght fayre at the Grey Freres there. 
There was the same daye a solempne processyon, where at were 
borne many relyques, and the noumbre of doctoures of Cyuyle 
and physyk was grete excedyngly. In the sayde processyon we 
vysyted there many seyntes and relyques, as seynt Luke and 
seynt Mathye, whiche bothe lye in the abbey of saynt Justyne 
vyrgyn, a place of Blake Monkes, ryght delectable, and also soly- 
tarye : there be two tables of our blessyd Lady, which seynt Luke 
paynted with his awne handes at Padowa. Also we sawe the 
toumbes of Antenore of Troye and of Tytus Lyuyus. 



SYR R. OUYLFORDE, KNYGHT. 7 

The Mondaye folowynge, that was the daye of Viti and Modesti, 
and the .xvj. day of June, we retournyd ayen to Venys, whiche 
day was a grete tryumphe and Feste there in remembrauce of a 
Victorye that the Venycyans had y e same day in gettynge of 
Padowa. They went ouer y e water to the churche of the sayde 
Seyntis, whiche is an arme of the see, vpon a brygge ladye and 
made of Galyes ; and so they do ever whan the Duke and the 
Senyourye shall passe the same water. 

The relyques at Uenyce can not be noumbred. There lyeth 
saynt Elyn, saynt Barbara, seynt Roke, seynt Zachary, seynt 
Jeruas, and Prothase, and many other seyntf and grete relyques, 
and at the monastery of seynt Nycholas there lyeth the holy body 
of seynt Nycholas, as they saye. 

There be also in the churche of seynt Marke many grete relyques 
and jewellf. There is a grete chales of fyne gold of curious werke, 
set with many precious stones, whiche is in heyght .iij. quarters of 
a yerde ; it is to large to vse at masse, but they use it in adhorn- 
ynge the aulter at pryncypall tymes, and in theyr processyon on 
Corpus Xpi day. There be also two grete candylstykes amonge 
other of a wonderfull gretenesse, y l be ryght curyously wrought, 
and are fyne golde, garnysshed ouer all with stones of grete pryce. 

There be also .xij. crownes of fyne golde, and .xij. pectorals, and 
a ryche cappe whiche euery Duke is corowned with at his first in- 
trononyzacion ; the pryce of all whiche crownes, pectorales, and fa. . 
cappe is inestymable, for they be full set with precyous stones of 
the gretest valoure that may be. 

At the Archynale there be closed within, alwaye in a redynesse 
to set forth whan they woll, an .c. galyes, grete bastardes and 
sotell, besydes all tho that be in voyage and in the hauen. 

There be workynge dayly at the same Archynale, in a place y* 
is in lengthe .M.lxxx. fote, moo than an .c. men and women that 
do no thynge but dayly make ropes and cables. 

Item, amonge all wondre and strauge ordynauce that we sawe 
there, bothe for see and lande, with all maner Artyllary and Ingynes 
that may be deuysyd, pry ncy pally we noted .ij. peces of artyllary, 



THE I'YLOHYWAOK OK 

wherof one was a pece of ordynaunce of brasse for a Gal y bastarde, 
to be dcuydcd in two pecea of .xij.M.cccc. and .xix. pounde 
weyght, with a stopel made by a vyce, and the sayde stopell joyned 
by vyce, whiche shoteth of yrron .c.l. pounde weyght, and the 
sayde shot of yrron is .xxviij. ynches aboute. This pece is .xxviij. 
fote of lengthe, and is called a Basylyske, and is for the see. 

An other pece there is for the londe, for a sege, deuyded in .iij. 
pecf, to be joyned by vyces, weyinge .xxxviij. weyghte. and berytli 
of lengthe .xxiiij. fote, and shoteth a stone of irron of .ij. fote depe. 

The rychesse, the suptuous buyldynge, the relygyous houses, 
and the stablysshynge of their justyces and councylles, with all 
other thyngf y* maketh a cytie glorious, surmoutcth in Venyse 
aboue all places y 1 euer I sawe. ^[ And spccyally at .ij. festis 
wherat we were present. The one was upon the Ascencion daye, 
whiche daye the Duke, with a greate tryuraphe and solempnyte, 
with all the Seygnyoury, went in their Archa triumphali, which is in 
maner of a Galye of a strauge facyon and wonder stately, &c. ; and 
so rowed out into y* see with assystence of their patriarche, and 
there spoused y" see with a rynge. The spousall wordes be, "In 
signu veri ppetui q Domini."* And therwith the Duke lete fall the 
rynge in to the see. The processe and cerimonyes wherof were to 
longe to wryte, &c. 

The other feeste was on Corporis Xpi day, where was the most 
solempne procession that euer I sawe. There went Pagentis of y* 
olde lawe and the newe, joynynge togyther the fygures of the 
blessyd sacrament in suche noumbre and son apte and conuenyent 
for that feeste y' it wold make any man joyous to se it. And ouer 
that it was a grete marueyle to se the grete noumbre of relygyous 
folkes, and of scoles that we call bretherhedf or felysshyps, with 
theyr deuyses, whiche all bare lyghtf of wondre goodly facyon, 
and bytwene euery of the pagentis went lytell children of bothe 
kyndes, gloryously and rychely dressyd, berynge in their handf 
in riche cuppes or other vessaylles some pleasaut floures or other 

dwninii. En. 



SYR K. GI'YLFORDE, KNYiiHT. 9 

well smellynge or riche stuffe, dressed as aungelles to adorne the 
sayde processyon. The forme and maner therof excedyd all other 
that euer I sawe so moche that I can not wryte it. ^[ The Duke 
sat in seynt Markes churche in ryght hyghe estate, with all the 
Sej ? gnyourye, and all the pylgrymes were present. The Duke thus 
syttynge, the sayde pcessyon come by hym, and byganne to passe 
by aboute .vij. of the cloke, and it was passed .xij. or the sayde 
processyon myght come oones aboute, passynge by as faste as they 
myght goo but one tyme. There was greate honoure done to the 
Pylgrymes, for we all moste and leste wente all there nexte the 
Duke in the sayd processyon, byfore all the lordes and other estate, 
with lyghtf also in our handes of wexe, of the fresshest formynge, 
yeuen vnto vs by the mynysters of the sayde processyon. 

Whyles we were at Venyse we went also to Mestres, where y c 
lewes dwell ; to Moryan, where they make glasse ; and to many 
abbeys and houses of relygyon that stonde in the see ; and grete 
marveyle it is to se theym stande in suche places, and the beauty, 
costely buyldynge, and y c relygyous lyfe that they kepe in the 
same, &c. 

Frydaye, the thirde daye of July, the Galye depted with all the 
pylgrymes oute at the hauen at Venyce and fell to an ancre in the 
rode .iiij. or .v. myle without the Castelles that stande at the 
mouthe of the sayd haven, and there we lay all nyght; and Sater- 
daye, the .iiij. day of July, in the mornynge, we made sayle, and 
with scarce wynde come to Parence in Hystrya the Sondaye, 
aboute .ij. of the cloke at after noone, whiche is an .c. myle frome 
Venys; there lyeth sactus Mauricius. And there we lay vnto 
Mondaye at nyght, at whiche tyme we lodged our self in the Galye. 
And erly on the Tewysday, whiche was seynt Thomas daye, we 
made sayle, and passed by the costes of Slauony and Hystria 
with easy wynde : the same day we passed by Pole, which is aboute 
.xxx. myle from Parence, and a good hauen, for many shyppes and 

CAM I'. SOC. C 



10 TIIF. PYl.fJUYM A(.l "I 

galyes louche there rather then at Parence. Wo passed also by 
tin* gulffe of Sena, that is the entrc into Hungary. 

U sdaye at nyght we came to the haucn of Jarre, and lay 
in our Galye all that nyght, by cause it was late or we come into 
the rode. 

Thursdaye erly we went on londe, and herde masse and visyted 
the sayntes and relyques there, as seynt Symeon Justus, that 
receyved our Sauyoure the .viij. daye after his byrthe into y* 
Temple, that sayd " Nunc dimittis," &c. In the same Churche, 
in the hyghe aulter, lyeth also seynt Joell y* prophete. This 
Jarre sine }ara is .c. myle from Parence. This Jarre is a stronge 
fo. vij. walled towne, and is inuyrounde with the see. The same Thurs- 
day, aboute .iij. of the cloke at after noone, we made sayle ; and 
on Saterdaye we came to the yle of Lyssa, where we taryed that 
nyght. Some of vs went to the lande to the vyllage, whiche is 
right lytel worthe ; hit is vnder the Venysians. 

Sunday in the mornynge, that was the .xij. day of July, we made 
sayle and lefte the castell and towne of Lesana on the lefte hande 
vpon the ferme londe, where we wolde haue ben but the wynde 
wolde not serue. Hit is also vnder the domynyon of the Veny- 
syans. This cyte is an .c. myle from Jarre, and in the countrey 
of Dalmacia. 

Upon Wednysday, the .xv. daye of July, we come to the moste 
stronge and myghty towne called Arragonse, in the coutre of Sla- 
uanye or Dalmacie, and in the prouynce of the royalme of Croacie. 
They holde of noo man but of theym selfe, saffe they pay tribute 
to the Turkc, whiche marchcth within halfe a myle of the same 
towne. It is the strongest towne of walles, towres, bulwerkf, 
watches, and wardcs that eucr I sawc in all my lyfc. It is also 
ryche and fayre in suptuous buyldynge, with marueylous strengths 






svi; K. GUYLFORDE, KNYGHT. 11 

and beautye, together with many fayre Churches and glorious 
houses of relygyon. There be also many relyques, as the hed and 
the arme of seynt Blase, whiche is there patron ; an hade with 
parte of the arme of seynt John Baptyste, some what scorcherde 
with the fyre as it was brente ; the clothe that seynt Symyon re- 
ceyued our Sauyoure upon in his armes whan he was psented into 
the Temple ; with many other grete relyques. 

Upon Thursdaye at riyght we slept in the Galye ; and on Fry- 
day e erly we made sayle. This cytie is .v. .c. myle from Venyce. 
Aboute .xxx. myle by yonde Aragonse endeth Sclauonya and be- 
gynneth Albanye, at the towne of Budna. 

Saterday, the .xviij. daye, we aproched nyghe to the yle of Cer- 
fona; how be it y e wynde was so scarce and calme that we coude 
not come to the towne of Corfona tyll Monday ayenst nyght, at 
whiche tyme we landyd there, and it was the .xx. daye of July. 
There be ij. stronge castelles stoadynge upon two rokkes. They 
holde of the Venycyans, and I trowe they haue noo where so 
stronge a place. It is in Grece, and the Turkes mayne lande lyeth 
within .ij. or .iij. myle of theym ; and as by force to any mannys 
syghte the sayde Castelles be imprygnable, and they be furnysshed 
with ordynaunce accordyngly. And vndoubted the sayde Cor- 
fona is the key, entre, and holde for the suertye of the sayde 
Venycyans galyes and shyppes, and countre, aboue and before any 
other that they haue in those partyes. And at the sayd Corfona 
they speke all Greke, and be Grekes in dede. We founde there 
rype smalle raysons that we calle reysons of Gorans, and they 
growe chefly in Corynthy, called nowe Corona, in Morea, to . 
whome seynt Poule wrote sondry epystolles. And this Curfo is 
the firste yle of Grece, and it is from Aragons .iij. c. myle. At 
this Corfona we were aduertysed of certayne Turkes Fustis that lay 
for vs in oure waye, and therfore the Patron of the Galye and euery 
man purueyed to be redy as defensyble as myght be. 



12 i UK PYLORYMAOK OF 

Wednysday, the .xxij. day of July, that was seynt Mary Maw- 
<li lyns daye, we departed fro Corfona aboute .ij. or .iij. of the cloke 
at after nnonc, with an easy wynde, and salyd styll in alto pela^o, 
Iruynge Grece on y* lefte hande and Barbary on the ryght hande. 
We lefte Mudona for fere of the Turkes ; it was but late Ueny- 
cyans, but nowe the Turke hathe it ; there groweth moche Romney 
and Maluesey. This Modona is .ccc. myle from Corfona, and 
from Modona to Candya is other .ccc. myle. We passed open 
IK- fore Modona vpon Mondaye that was the .xxvij. daye of Julye. 
This Modona is in Morrea, whiche Morrea stondeth within the 
prouynce of Achaya, that nowe is called Albania in some parte, 
and it is juste in cornu Achaye. This Morrea is a plentyous 
countrey, and almoste inuyrounde with the see, excepte one strake 
of a .vj. myle brode, whiche yeueth entre into Grecia, that y* 
Turke hathe. There stande within the countre of Morrea many 
grete cyties, townes, and castelles, and it is a very plentyous 
countre, and thyse be the cyties in Morrea : Modona, Archadia, 
Corona, Neapolis, Cameliona, Malmasia, and Saxenulo. There is 
a lytell yle also before Modona, called Sapiencia. 

These be parte of the countrees that we passed by : S, Hy stria, 
Croacia, Slouonya, Dalrnacia, Hiliricu, Corsiru Insula, Dardama, 
insula p Achaya .j. Albania f mare, Molofi, that taketh the name 
of Motis Malee, it is called Cornu siue Caput Mot is Malee ; 
vpon that hyll is a cyte called Malsasia, where firste grewe Mal- 
inasye and yet dothe ; howbeit hit groweth nowe more plentuously 
in Cadia and Modona, and no where ellys. By yonde that is 
Hi lyspont and Cicladas Insulas, whiche countrees belonge all to 
Grece beyonde Corfewe, aswell the mayiu* lande as the yles, and 
so doth bothe Candy and Cypres, with moo; and than comytli in 
Nigropontus, Achenas, Myrria, Galathas, Macedonia, Pathmos 
Insula, Troya, Constantynapolis, Tracia. 

Upon Tfwysdaye ayenst nyght we passed by the yle called 
(\ri4o, whit-hf yle was somtyme called ( 'it heria. where Helena the 



8YU K. GUYLFORDE, KNYGI1T. 13 

Grekysshe Quene was borne, but she was rauysshed by Par 9 in y e 
next yle l)y, called Cicerigo, doynge sacryfyce in the Temple, for 
the whiche rape folowed the distruccion of Troye, as y e famouse 
storye therof sheweth, knowen in euery tonge ; and yet is the 
ymage of the same quene remaynynge in the Cy tie of Asdrys, vpon 
the see of Archepelagus, in memory of the same rape, wroughte /. 
moost sotely and craftly in sygne* whyte marble; and the sayde 
yle Cirigo is directely ayenst the poynt of Capo Maleo in Morrea, 
and in the same yle was Venus borne, and in the same yle is Del- 
phos, and it is all in Europa, and so is all the remenaut of Grece ; 
and beyonde Grece, ouer a brache of the see, is Asya, wherin, 
almoste at thentre standynge Troia, with the chyef porte the yle 
of Tenedos, that stondeth in the see. And all the countre of 
Troya is the Turkes owne countre by inherytance, and that 
countre is properly called nowe Turkey, and none other. Neuer- 
thelasse he hath lately vsurped Grece, with many other countreys, 
and calleth theym all Turkey. 

Ouer ayenst the forsayd yle of Cirigo to y e see wardes is y e 
Stopull or Cragge called in Greke Ouago, for it is lyke an egge, &c. 

Thursday, the .xxx. daye of July, aboute .ix. or .x. of the clocke 
in the mornynge, we come to Candy. Candy is called otherwyse 
Crete. There be ryght euyll people. It is vnder y e Venysshyans. 
There was a grete Ambasset of the soldans towardes Venyce, that 
hadde in his companye many Mamolukes. No multa memo 6 digna 
de ipo, &c. 

In Candia siue Greta was musyke firste founde, and also tour- 
neys and exercyse of armes on horsbacke. There was lawe firste 
put in wrytynge ; armour was first ther deuysed and foude, and so 
was y* makyng of remys and rowynge in bootf . In Cady be y c 
caues called Labor Jutus ; there growe grete wynes, and specially 
'Maluesy and Muskadell. They speke all Greke, excepte the 

* fygne. 



14 THE PYLORYMAGB OF 

Venycyans, that be lordes and gouernours there. In y" same vie 
was Saturnus borne: "Prymus Creteis Saturnus venit ab oris/'&c. 
In Candy also is the oldc churche wherof Tytus was bysshop, 
to whome Poule wrote epystelles, &c., I sawe the graue of the 
sayd Tytus. And thyse be the pryncypall cyties of Candya : 8, 
Canea Candia, Aretimo, and Sotiglia ; and the sayd yle is .vij. .c. 
inyle aboute, and this cytie of Candy was somtyme the habytacle 
and lordshyp of y* kynge Mynos. 

The thirde daye of Auguste, that was Mondaye, at after noone 
we departed from Candy ; and on y* Tewsday at nyght we passed 
by the yle of Patheraos, where seynt John wrote the Apocalyps, 
whiche yle we lefte on our lefte hande towardes Grece. 

The next daye, Wednysdaye, we passed by the yle of seynt 
Nycholas of Cartha, where as be tooles made of ynron that neuer 
lose their egge, by myracle of seynt Nycholas. 

The .v. daye of August, that was the same Wednysdaye, aboute 
.iiij. of the cloke at after noone, we come to the Rodes ; and there 
jo. *. we laye Thursday e and Fry daye all daye. 

Saterdaye, the .viij. daye of August, aboute .iij. of the cloke at 
after noone, we departed frome the Rodes ; and the Monday next 
after we passed by the Gulfe of Satalye, other wyse called saynt 
Klyns Gulfe, where she kest one of y holy nayles into the see to 
sease the tempest. 

Upon Tewysdaye we sayled by Baffe in Cyprys, and the same 
Tewysdaye at nyght, that was the .xi. daye of August, we come to 
Lymosyn, an hauen in the sayde yle of Cyprys, and bycause it 
was late we laye in oure Galye all nyght, and in the mornynge erly 
we went on lande to masse, and refresshed vs with fresshe vytaylles 
and come ayen into our galye the same nyght, and there we taryed 



SYR B. OUYLFORDE, KNYOHT. 15 

in our galye Thursdaye, Frydaye, and Saterdaye that was our 
Ladyes daye, Assumcion, not alwaye abydynge in one place, but 
dryuyng easely by the coste of the sayd Cyprys ; in the whiche 
tyme the patrone, galyottis, and pylgrymes, with all other that 
nedyd, toke in wodde, water, beef, and moton, with all other 
thynges necessarye. ^| The chyef cytyes and townes of this yle of 
Cyprys were distroyed by a kyng of Englonde, in reuengynge the 
rauysshinge of his suster, vyolently done by y c prynce of the same 
yle, whiche dede, and also the sayde reuengynge, with all the cir- 
cumstaunce of the same, is yet in memorye and in rype remem- 
braunce comenly with euery man and woman of the same yle. 

Also in Cyprys is Paphon, that was a temple consecrate to 
Venus, and this yle is called in the Byble Sythym, &c. Nicosia 
metropolis. I woll wryte more of this yle at my comynge hom- 
warde, as ye shall parceyue by the processe of the same. 

And vpon Saterdaye, our Ladye daye at nyght aforesayde, we 
made sayle ; and on Mondaye we met with the shyppe with pyl- 
grymes that went out of Venyce .iij. wekes before vs, whiche pyl- 
grymes had done theyr pylgrymage and retourned homewardes, 
and we met thus with theym vpon .xl. myle on this syde Jaffe. 
And as soone as we hadde syght of the Holy Lande, we sange 
Te Deum, and thanked joyously Almyghty God, y l had yeuen vs 
suche grace to haue ones y e syght of y 1 moost holy lande. 

And y c nexte day was come to Jaffe, as foloweth hereafter, &c. 

FIR8TE OF OUR LANDYNQE AT JAFFE. 

Memorandum, that vpon Tewysday, at nyght, aboute .vj. of the 
cloke, that was the .xviij. daye of August, we come to Jaffe, and 
fell to an ancre in the rode there ; and incontynently we sent to 
Jherusalc for y e father warden of moute Syon to come and se vs 
coducted to Jherusalem, as y c custome is, &c. 51 Howbeit, not- 
withstodyng all our haste, we lay there in our Galye .vij. dayes or 



16 I UK PYLORTMAOR OF 

/. *. 7* ne come to vs ; the cause was for he coude no sooner haue the 
lordes of Jherusalem and Rama at layser to come to vs, without 
whose presence and coducte there can no Pylgryme passe ; whiche 
lordes be all Mamolukes and vnder the soldan. And after theyr 
commynge, whan the patron and warden aforesayde haddc coincnvd 
with thryin by the space of .ij. dayes and intreated of our tribute, 
and concluded what sume our patron shulde paye for vs, than \\v 
were suffred to come to londe. 

The daye of our londynge there was Thursday, that was the 
.xx vij. daye of Auguste ; and as we come out of the bote we were 
receyved by y e Mamolukes and Sarrasyns, and put into an olde 
caue, by name and tale, there scryuan euer wrytyng our names 
man by man as we entred in the presens of the sayd Lordes ; and 
there we lay in the same grotte or caue Frydaye all day, vpon the 
bare, stynkynge, stable grounde, as well nyght as daye, right euyll 
intreated by the Maures, &c. 

At this Jaffe begynneth the Holy Lande; and to euery pylgryme 
at the firste fote that he setteth on londe there is graunted plenary 
remyssion, de pena, and a culpa ; and at this hauen Jonas y e pro- 
phete toke the see whan he fledde from the syght of our Lorde in 
Tharsis. 

And in the same Jaffe seynt Petre reysed frome dethe Thabytam, 
the seruaunte of the appostles. And faste by is the place where 
seynt Peter vsed to fysshe, and there cure Sauyour Criste called 
hym and sayde, ' Sequere me," &c. 

This Jaffe was sotyrae a grete Cytie, as apperyth by the ruyne of 
the same, but nowe there stondeth neuer a house, but oonly two 
Towres and certayne caues vnder the grounde ; and it was one of 
the firste Cyties of the worlde founded by Japheth, Noes sone, and 
beryth yet his name. 

Saterdaye, the .xxix. daye of Auguste, we departed from Jaffe 
erly in the mornynge, and come to Rama vpon asses by noon, and 
there we were receyued into duke 1'hylyps hospytall, and it is 



SYR B. OUYLFOBDE, KNYGHT. 17 

called so bycause duke Phylip of Borgone buylded it of his greate 
charyte to receyue pylgrymes therin. We founde no thinge therin, 
but bare walles and bare floures, excepte onely a welle of good 
fresshe water, whiche was moche to our comforth ; neuertheles 
there come ito vs Jacobyns and other fey n yd cristen men of sondry 
sectis, that brought vnto vs mattes for oure money, to lye vpon, 
and also brede, soddyn egges, and somtyme other vytaylles ; and 
there we taryed all that nyght and Sondaye all daye. 

Aboute .ij. myle from Rama is the towne of Lydya, where seynt 
George suffred marterdome and was hedyd, and in y e same towne 
seynt Peter helyd Enea of the palsy. Rama is frome Japha .x. So. 
myle, and frome Jherusalem .xxx. myle, and vpon the ryght hande 
goynge from Rama to Jherusalem, about .xx. myle from Rama, is 
the castell of Emaus, where y e .ij. disciples knewe our Sauyour 
Criste in brekynge of brede after his resurreccion, as is well knowen 
by the gospell, &c. 

A lytell frome thense, vpon an hylle called Mounte Joye, lyeth 
Samuell y e prophete, and a lytell therby is the towne of Ramatha, 
where Samuell was borne, and of this towne was Joseph ab Ara- 
mathia ought the newe tombe or monyment that our Sauyoure 
Criste was buryed in, and a lytell ouer y e mydwaye on y c lefte 
hande is the vale of Terebynthy, where Dauyd ouercome Golea, &c. 

Sondaye at nyght we toke our journeye towardes Jherusalem ; 
and, bycause bothe my mayster and mayster Pryor of Gysborne 
were sore seke, therefore with grete dyffyculte and outragyous coste 
we purueyed camellys for them and certayne Mamolukes to con- 
ducte theym in safty to Jherusalem, whiche intreated vs very euyll, 
and toke moche more for theyr payne thenne theyr couenaunt 
was, &c. 

Upon Mondaye, that was the laste daye of Auguste, aboute .ij. 
or .iij. of the cloke at afternoone, we come to Jherusalem, and 
were receyued into the Latyn Hospytall, called with some men y e 

CAMD. 8OC. D 



1 s THE PYLORYMAOE OF 

Hospytall of seynt John, and there we rcstyd vs that 
\vhiclic hospytall is right nyghe rnto y* Temple of the holy 
Sepulcre, and there the (iray Kreres of Moute Syon niynystn-d 
wyne vnto vs euery day t \vvsc, and lent VH also carpcttis to lyr 
vpmi, for y' \\liii-lii' cuery pylgryme recompcnsyd the sayd freres 
at theyr deuocyon and power. As for hrede and other vytaylles 
was brought vnto vs for oure money by psones of dyuers sectf ; 
and alwaye the warden of y* sayde freres or some of his bretherne 
by his assygnement dayly accompanyed vs, informynge and shew- 
ynge vnto vs the holy places within the Holy Londe, &c. 

PTLORYMAGES OF MOUNTS 8YON. 

Tewysdaye, y' first day of Septembre, that was the next morowe 
after that we come to Jherusalem, we wente erly to Mounte Syon. 
and by the waye we vysyted some holy places. >|< 

Firste the place where the Jewes wolde haue arestyd and taken 
awaye the holy body of our blessyd Lady whan the appostellys 
bare her to the vale of Josaphat to be buryed. 

And therby we come into a place where seynt Peter, after y 1 he 
had denyed our Lord thryes, went out of the house of Cayphas 
into a caue and wept bytterly. 

And a lytell from thens we come into the churche of the Aun- 
gelles, where somtyme was the house of Annas the bysshop, into 
the whiche our Sauyoure Criste was first ledde from the Mounte 
of Olyuete, where he suffred many injuryes, and specyally there he 
toke a buffet of one of y' bysshops seruauntes, seyinge, " Sic re- 
spondes Pontifici," &c. 

s. From thens we went to a churche of seynt Sauyour, where 

somtyme stode y* grete house of Cayphas, where as our blessyd 
Sauyour was scorned, his face couerdc and bobbyd, and moste 
greuously betyn, and there suffred many afflictions all y* nyght. 
There is also a lytell Caue, where they shyttc hym in to tynu- tin- 
Jewes had taken theyr counscyll and determynyd what they 



SYR R. OUYLFORDE, KNYGHT. 19 

do with hym, and it is yet called " Career Dni." There is also in 
y e same place the moste parte of the grete stone that the Aungell, 
as we rede, remeuyd frome the dore of the Sepulcre, and it is nowe 
the stone of the hyghe aulter in the same churche ; an other parte 
of the same stone lyeth yet before the sepulcre dore. 

And there, withoute the dore, in y e courte on the left hand, is a 
tree with many stones aboute it, where the mynysters of the Jewes, 
and seynt Peter with theym, warmed theytn by the fyre, &c. 

And goynge out of the same courte in y e hyghe waye on the 
ryght hande, in a corner, is a stone where our blessed Lady stode 
whan Petre went out sore wepynge, and his wepyng was so 
moche that he coude yeue her none answer whan she inqueryd of 
her swete sone ; and there she, desyrous to knowe of her sone, 
moste sorowfully abode tyll in the mornynge that she sawe theym 
ledde hym bounden to the house of Pylate the presydent, whyther 
she moste sorowfully folowed hym, &c. 

A lytell from this chirche there apperyth a ruyne of an olde 
fallen Churche, where this moste gloryous virgyne, after the dethe 
of our Sauyour her sone, dwelled and abode moste deuoutly by 
the space of .xiiij. yeres, vnto the daye of her holy Ascencion, and 
there is clene remyssyon, &c. 

Therby is y e place, and a stone lyinge, where our blessyd Lady 
dyed and ascendyd vnto Heuyn; there is also clene remyssyon. 

Thereby also is a parte of a stone vpon the which seynt John 
Euangelyste sayde often masse before that blessyd lady, as her 
chapleyn, after y* Ascencyon of our lorde. 

There is also y c place shewed by a red stone wher seynt Mathy 
was chosen into y e nobre of y c apostels. 

From thens, goynge into Mounte Syon, fast by the churche, is 
y c place where our blessyd Lady vsed to saye her moste deuoute ,-. 
prayers and dayly deuocions, after the Ascension of our Lorde and 
before. 

Also there, faste by, be .ij. stones; vpon one of them our 
Sauyoure Criste vsed to sytte and preche to his disciples, 



M THE FYLGRYMAGB OF 

and vpon the other sat his hlcssyd modre, herynge his sayde 
prechynges. 

I uder the churche of the sayd Syon is the sepulture or beryall 
of prophetf and kyngf of Israeli, as Dauyd and Salamo, Itoboas, 
Abias, Asa, Josaphat, Joram, Kzechias, Athalia regina, Joas, Ania- 
zias, Ozias, Joathan, Achaz, Ochozas, Manasses, Ainu, Josias, 
Joacha, Eliachym, Jeconias, Sedechias, with many moo. Into 
thysc scpulturf no criste men be suffred to entre, for the Sarra- 
syns kepe that place in greate reuerence, and worshyp it ryght 
moche in theyr maner, and haue made therof thcyr Muskey, that 
' saye, theyr Churche or Chapell. 

Therby is the place where seynt Steuyn the .ij. tyme sente Ga- 
malyel, seynt Poules techer, Abibas his sone, and Nichodemus were 
buryed. 

And also therby is the place where the paschall lambe was 
rostecl, &c. ; and where the water was hete to wasshe the fete of 
Cristes disciples. 

And there, faste by, is the place where kynge Dauid dyd pe- 
naunce and made the .vij. psalmes for the sleynge of Vrye, whome 
he put in the front of the bataylle purposely to haue hym slayne, 
to thentent he myght the more at lybertie vsc his wyfe, whome 
he helde in aduoultre, &c. 

All thyse foresayd places thus visytcd, we entred into the place 
of Mounte Syon, where is a ryght fayre churche, well vawted, 
where at our firste entre the freres sange a solempne masse, and 
that done, he that sange y* masse made a right holy sermon, and 
shewed right deuoutly the holyncs of all the blessed elms,, -n places 
of the Holy Londe, and exhorted eucry man to confessyon and 
repentaunce, and so to vysyte the saydc holy places in clennes of 
lyfe, with suche deuocion as Almyghty God wold yeue vntn thrym 
of his moste specyall grace ; and this sermon done, the Father 
Warden, with all his brethernc, whiche be in nombre moste conicnly 
aboute .xxx. freres, adrcssyd them in ornamentes, and went in 
solempne processyon from one holy place to an other, whom \vr 



SYK R. GUYLFORDE, KNYG1IT. 21 

folowed deuoutly, vysytynge the same ; and whene soeuer they 
come to any holy place, there they made a stacion, and declared 
vnto vs the mysteryes of y c same, we all berynge lyghtf in our 
hadf. 

Firste, in the sayd churche of Mounte Syon, in y e selfe place 
where the hyghe aulter is, our blessyd Sauyour Criste Ihesu made 
his laste souper and Maundy with his disciples, and made there 
the precyous sacrament of his blessyd body that we dayly vse at 
his hooly aulter, in memorye of the same, &c. ; clene remyssyon. / . 

And vpon the ryght hade of y e sayd hygh aulter is an other 
aulter in y e next yle, where our Sauyour wasshed his disciples 
fete at the sayd Maudy, &c. 

Also a lofte without, forthe at the queres ende, is the place 
where the hooly gooste come and descendyd vpon his disciples in 
the lyknesse of brenynge tunges, and inspyred theym, vpon Whyt- 
sondaye, as the suyce of y e same sheweth ; and there is plenary 
remyssio. 

And vnder nethe the same place is a lytell chapell, where our 
Sauyour Criste, after his resurreccyon, apperyd to his disciples 
the dores shytte, and after .viij. dayes, whan they were ayen gadred 
togyther, and Thomas with theym, he come vpon theym ayen, and 
sayd to Thomas, " Infer digitu tuu et mitte manu tuam in latus 
meum," &c. Clene remyssyon. 

All this processyon and informacion had, we retourned vnto y e 
sayd Hospytall, o r lodgynge, and in o r way homwardf we come to 
y e churche y 1 the Jacobyns holde, in the whiche place seynt James 
the more was hedyd by Herode. 

Also therby is the place where our Sauyour Criste, after his re- 
surreccyon, apperyd to Mary Magdalen & to other deuout wome 
in y* hygh way as they come from his Sepulcre, where he sayd 
vnto them, " Auete," and therwith they come nere hym, et tenue- 
runt pedes eius. 

And thyse stacyons thus vysyted, we retourned to the Hospytall 
to refresshe and rest vs, and so to dispose and puruey our selfe to 



THE PYLORYMAGE OF 

watche in the Temple of y* Holy Sepulcre of our Lord y* same 
nyght folowyng, as for our firste watchynge nyght there, for soo 
we were apoynted by the Ionics Mamolukcs, &c. ; for of olde 
custome contynued whanne pylgrymes come they watche in the 
Temple of y'' holy Sepulcre thre sundry nyghtes, as shall be 
shewed more clerely hereafter, c. 

This Cytie of Jherusalc is in a fayre emynent place, for it 
stondeth vpon suche a groude that from whens soever a ma 
comyth thedf he must nedf ascede. 

From thens a man may se all Arabye and y* moute of Abaryn, 
and Nebo, and Phasga, y' playnes of Jordan and Jherico, and y* 
dede See, vnto y" stone of desert. I sawe neuer cytie nor other 
place haue so fayre prospect?. 

It stondeth fayre amonges hylles, and there is nother ryuer 
comynge therto nor well in it, but the water comyth all by con- 
dyte in grete plente from Ebron, which condyttf serue all the 
Cytie in euery place and fyll all the pystynes, whiche are in grete 
nombre, and raoche water renneth nowe to waste. 

So. *9j. This londe of Jherusalem hath ben in the handes of many son- 
dry Nacyons, as of Jewes, Cananeis, Assiriens, Parcyens, Mace- 
doyns, Medoyns, Grekes, Romayns, Cristen men, Sarrasyns, Bar- 
baryns, Turkes, and many other Nacyons. 

Jherusalem is in y c lande of Jude, and it marcheth estwardes to 
the kyndome of Araby, south warde to the lande of Egipte, west- 
warde to the grete see, and northwardes to the kyngdome of 
Surrey, and to the see of Cypres in some parte. 

And the sayde Holy Lande is in lengthe, northe and southr. 
.ix. score myle, and in brede, est and west, .lx. myle. 

PYLGRYUAGES WITHIN THE TEMPLE OP THE HOLY SEPULCRE. 

Tewysdaye at nyght, that was y' firste day of Septembre, that is 
to say, the same day aforesayd, we were admytted by the lordf 
Mamolukes of tin- C'ytic to outre unto y' Temple of the Holy Se- 



SYK R. GUYLFORDK, KNYOHT. 23 

pulcre, delyuered in by them by name and tale ; and at the sayde 
entre is graunted to euery pylgryme plenary remyssyon, &c. 

The same tyme the moste parte of the Freres of Moute Syon 
entred with vs into the sayd temple, for they haue certayne placf 
in their kepynge within y e same, that is to say, the selfe holy 
Sepulchre, and y e chapell of our Lady where our Sauyo r apperyd 
first vnto her after his resurreccyon, and sayd, " Salue, sacta 
parens," wherein be contynually at the lest .ij. freres of the sayd 
Moute Syon, to kepe deuoutly the sayd holy placf, and their 
lyuynge is mynystred vnto them twyes a day from y e sayd Mounte 
Syon ; and ye shall vnderstande y l the dores of the sayd Temple 
of the Sepulcre be neuer open yd by the Paynyms, but for the 
comynge of pylgrymes, at theyr grete sute and coste, or els to 
chauge freres y l haue the kepynge of the holy placf within the 
same temple. 

And ouer this ye shall vnderstonde that there be in Jherusalem 
ix. dayes dyuers sectf of cristen me, and euery of them haue 
places distyncte and seuerall to theym selfe within the Temple of 
the Holy Sepulcre, to vse there the ryghtf of their sectf, whiche 
in all extende to the nombre of .M. psones within Jherusalem, 
except theyr children and except y e Sarrasyns, which I counte not, 
for they, by supportacion of the Mamolukf , haue all the Cytie and 
londe and all other sectf in their gouernaunce, thraldome, and 
subjeccyon, and thyse folowynge be the differences of the sayde 
.ix. sectis of cristen men : that is to saye, 

Grekf , Suryanes, Jacobyns, Maronytes, Nestoryans, Armenyes, 
Georgians, Abbasians otherwyse called Indyans, and the .ix. be 
Latyns otherwyse called Catholyk criste men, the nombre of 
whome is comenly in Jherusalem aboute .xxx. parsones of all y e 
sayd nombre of all sectf onely obedyent to our catholyke Churche 
of Rome. 

And withoute, forthe byfore the entre into this Temple, .x. fo. 
paces in distaunce, is put a stone in memorye and token that our 
Sauyour Criste, berynge his Crosse, for very feblenesse fell there 
to the groude vnder nethe the crosse. 



24 1 HP. PYLORYMAOB OF 

The disposycion and makynge of the sayd Temple of the Holy 
Sepulcre is rounde at the west ende, and estwarde fourmyd after the 
makynge of a churche, moche what after the fourme and makynge 
of the Temple at London, saffe it is fer excedynge in gretenesse 
and hathc wonder many yles, crowdes, and vautes, chapels, and 
dyuysyons, hyghe and lowc, in greate noumbre ; and mcruell it is 
to se the many dyfferences and secrete places within the sayde 
temple ; and the greate rounde parte westwarde of the sayde 
temple is all open in the roffe, where vnder stondeth the holy Se- 
pulcre of our Lordc, whiche is made all of stone, roof and all, in 
fourme of a lytell Chapcll ; and firste, at the entre of the same is a 
lytell dore, where we come into a lytel roude chapell, voughted, 
otherwyse called a Spelunkc, of .viij. fote of brede, and asmoche in 
lengthe ; and from this we entre into a moche lasse and lowgher 
dore, and come into a lyke spelunke, and vpon the ryght hande of 
the same, euyn within the sayde low dore, is the very holy sepulcre 
of our Lorde, couerde with a whyte marble stone, the lengthe 
wherof is .viij. fote, and there is no lyght into the sayde lytell 
spelunke of the sepulcre by no maner of wyndowe, but the lyght 
is there mynystred by many lampes hangynge within the sayde 
spelunke ouer the sepulcre. 

Into the firste of thyse two spelunkes entred the women whan 
they sayde, " Quis reuoluet nobis lapidcm ab hostio monunuti ? " 
and parte of the same stone lyeth there yet nowe in the same 
vttermoste spelunke, and the other gretest parte is a stone of the 
hygh aulter in seynt Sauyours churche, wherof is mencyon made 
byfore, &c. 

OP THE PKOCES8YON DONE THERE. 

And whan we were thus entred into the sayde Temple of the 
Holy Sepulcre, y* sayd Tewysday at nyght we were had by and by 
into y* forsayd chapell of our Lady whiche y* freres kepe, and 
there they made theym redy in ornamentf , and began there a very 
solempne pcessio ; and at euery station was shewed vnto vs by 



SYR R. QUYLFORDE, KXYOHT. -"> 

one of y e Frerf y e mysteryes and holynes of y e place where they 
made theyr stacions, and they sange antemes, ympnes, vsicles, 
and colettf appropred vnto y e sayd holy placf right solemply and 
deuoutly ; and first, or they pceded out of y 6 sayde chapell of our 
blessyd Lady, they shewed vnto vs y l there y e hyghe aulter is of 
y* same chapel, is y* very self place where our Sauyo r Crist, after 
his ressurreccon, first apperyd vnto his blessid mod 9 , and sayd, 
" Salue Seta pares ; " and there is plenary remissio. 

Also in the same chapell, on the right hande of y c sayde hyghe /<> *riy. 
aulter, within a vought in maner of a wyndowe, is a grete pece 
of the pyllour y 1 our Sauyour was bounden vnto in the hous of 
Pylate. 

Also in the same chapell, vpon the lefte hande of the sayd highe 
aulter, in a lyke wyndowe, is y e place where loge remeanyd y e holy 
crosse of our Sauyour Crist, after y 1 seynt Elyn foude it ; and yet 
now there remeanyth a lytel pece of y e same crosse I y e said place. 

Also in y e myddes of that chapell is a roude marble stone, where 
the very hooly crosse was prouyd by reysinge of a deed woman, 
whanne they were in doubte whiche it was of the thre. 

This done, the procession procedyd forth, and we folowed with 
prayers and contemplacion, as deuoutly as Almyghty God yaue vs 
grace. 

And, goynge out of the sayde chapell, without y e dore of the 
same, be .ij. whyte marble stones, rounde, aboute a .x. fote a 
sondre ; the one is the place where our Sauyoure stode whanne he 
appered to Mary Magdalene after his resurreccion in lykenes of a 
gardener, and the other stone is the place where Mary Magdalene 
stode and sayd, " Raboni," &c. 

From thens we descendyd into a corner of an yle of y e same 
churche where is a lytell vought, strongly made, wherin o r Sauyo p 
was kept i pson whyles his crosse was in dressynge and makynge 
redy. 

Also next this place is an Aulter where the crucifyers of our 
Sauyoure Criste deuydyd his clothes by chaunce of dyce. 

CAMD. SOC. E 



_'G THE PYLORYMAGB UP 

From thens we descended into a lowe Chapell by .xxx. greet, 
where seynt Elyn stodc, sawe and comauded the dyggynge of the 
luvencion of y* holy crosse; and afterwardes she made there her 
Oratorye, and vsed to sey her deuocions and prayers moste 
comenly in the same place ; and there is plenarye remyssyon. 

From thcns we yet descended by .xi. grees, that brought vs ito 
a place vnder a rok, .xxij. fote of brede, where y* holy Crosse, 
the speyre, the nayles, and the crowne of thorne of our blessyd 
Sauyour were fouden ; and there is also plenarye remyssyon. 

Also from thens we ascended ayen into the churche, and come 
to an aulter vnder the whiche is a pece of a stone moche lyke of a 
pece of a pyllour, vpon y" whiche our Sauyour sat in y e courte of 
Pylate wha he was crowned w l thornes, scorned, and buffeted, &c. 

From thens we ascended by .xviij. grees, and come vnto the 
Moute of Caluery, where our Sauyour Criste was crucyfyed and 
suffred dethe for our redempcion ; and there is a fayre large Cha- 
pell, well voughted and lyghted by many lampes brennynge : this 
place is meruaylous holy and venerable aboue all other. 

Also vpon the very hyghte of the same Moute of Caluery is the 
uery hole or morteys heuyn out of the stone rok wherin the Crosse 
stode with cure blessyd Sauyoure, whiche morteys is in depnes .ij. 
spannys to the botome, the brede is sum what more than a spane, 
and there is a place of coper set within the compas of the stone, 
to thentent that no man shulde kutte nor take awaye any parte of 
the sayde stone, and so disfygure the same mortyes, &c. 

Therby also, by the space of .viij. palmes frome the place of the 
lefte arme of Criste, hangynge on y* crosse, is a scissure or clyfte 
in the stone rok, so moche that a man almoste may lye therin, 
whiche ryfte gothe downe thorughout the Rok of Caluery, and ap- 
peryth by nethe at the pauymcnte of the nether chapell, and so 
goth thrughout therthe, vs^ in abissu, whiche clyfte, with moo 
there, but not so moche, roue at the precyous dethe of our Sauyour 
Criste. 

And it is of trouthe, as they saye there, and as it is assygned by 



SYR R. GUYLFORDE, KNYOHT. 2? 

token of a fayre stone layde for remembrauce, y* our blessyd Lady 
and seynt John Euagelyste stode not aboue vpon the hyghest 
pte of the Mounte of Caluery at the passyon of our Lord, as it is 
paynted and carven in many places, but she stode som what by- 
nethe, byfore her dere sone, face to face, at the tyme of his precy- 
ous dethe, c. 

Under the Mounte of Caluery is an other Chapell of our blessyd 
Lady and seynt John the Evagelyste, that was called Golgatha ; 
and there, ryght vnder the morteys of the crosse, was founde y* 
hede of our forefather Adam. 

From the Moute of Caluery we descendyd and come to y e place, 
assygnyd by a whyte stone, where our blessyd Lady, moste dolor- 
ous mother, sat, hauynge in her lappe the deed body of her dere 
sone, new taken downe from y crosse to be put into his sepulcre. 
From thens we wente and made our stacion at the holy Sepulcre, 
as into the pryncypall place of that Temple, for all the hole temple 
is dedycate and halowed in the honour and name of the holy Se- 
pulcre, of the whiche sepulcre is wryten more largely at the be- 
gynnynge of this chaptre, &c. 

And from this holy Sepulcre we went ayen, folowynge alway the 
processyon, into the Chapell of our Lady, where as we firste began 
to go forth with the sayd processyon, and there we made an ende. 
Also in y e myddes of y e grete quere of y e sayd temple, which y e 
Grekf holde, is a brode roude stone with an hole in the myddes, 
almost a spane ouer, which is the centre and the myddes of therthe 
habytable, c. 

And whan we were retourned ayen into y c sayde chapell of oure /<> 
Lady, after a lytel refeccyon with mete and drynke, euery man 
yaue hym selfe to prayer and contemplacion, bysely vysynge the 
holy places aforesayde after theyr deuocyon durynge the hole nyght, 
and erly in the mornynge all we that were prestes sayd masse, some 
at Caluery, some at our Lad yes chapell, and some at y e holy Se- 
pulcre after our deuocyon ; and the laye pylgrymes were hosylde 
at y e hyghe masse, whiche was songen at Caluery, with ryght grete 



TIIK I'Vl.fJKYMAOE OF 

solempnyte, and that endyd, aboute .vii. of the cloke in the rnorn- 
ynge we were lettyn out of the sayd Temple by the lordes Sarrasyns, 
in suche fourme and manor as we entred, and went streyghte into 
the Hospytall, and refrcsshed vs with mete and drynke, and rested 
vs there an houre or .ij. bycause of our watche the ny<;ht byfore. 

Item, nyghe the Temple, behynde the Mounte of Caluery, is a 
brode stone, vpon the whiclie Abraham wolde haue offred his sone 
Ysaac. 

Item, not ferre thens is an aultcr inclosyd in y" walle of the 
temple, vpon the which Melchysedech offred his sacrifyce, /tc. 

And the same \Vednysdaye that we came thus oute of the sayde 
temple, whiche was the seconde day of Septembre, after y* we had 
somwhat rested vs in y e sayd hospytall, as is byforesayd, we were 
coducted by .iij. or .iiij. of y e sayd freres to vysyte the holy placf 
within y" cytie of Iherusale, as foloweth : 

PYLGRTMAOE8 WITHIN III KRCSALEM. 

And so this day aforesayde we vysyted all y* longe wey by the 
whiche our Sauyour Criste was led frome the hous of Pylate vnto 
the place of his crucyfyinge. 

And firste, as our way laye, we come to the house of Veronica, 
whiche is from Pylates house .v. .c. .1. pacf, where as our blessyd 
Sauyour impressyd y* ymage of his face in her wympell whiche is 
at Rome, and is called there the varnacle. 

And from thens we went to the house of Diues Epulonis, qui 
sepultus est in inferno, ike. 

And from thens we went to a place called Biniu,* that is as moche 
to say, as a crosse strete or a crosse wey, where y e women of Ihe- 
rusalem stodc and sorowfully wepte whan oure Sauyour was led to 
his deth, to whom he sayde. " \Vepe ye not vpon me, ye doughters 
of Jherusalem, but wepe ye vpon your self and vpon your chil- 
dren," A 

* Birium.- 



SYR R. GUYLFORDE, KNYGHT. 29 

Item, nexte is the place where y e Jewes constreyned Symeon 
Cirenen, comynge from the towne, to take the Crosse after our 
Sauyour, &c. 

The next place y l we come to is wher our blessyd Lady stode fo.xxi. 
when she met with her dere sone berynge his crosse, where, for 
ouer moche sorowe and dolour of herte, she sodenly fell into a 
sowne and forgetfulnes of her mynde ; and this place is called 
Seta Maria de spasmo. Seynt Elyn buyldyd a churche there, but 
it is downe, and y c Sarrasyns haue often attepted to buylde there, 
but their edefying wold not stade i no wyse. 

Ifm, as we passyd by y e strete, there stadeth an arche ouer y e 
way, vpon y e whiche stode .ij. large whyte stones ; vpon the one of 
them our Sauyo r stode whan he was juged to deth, and vpon y e 
other stode Pylate whan he yaue sentence y* he shuld be cru- 
cyfyed. 

From thens we went vnto y e hous of Pylate, in y e whiche our 
Sauyoure was scorged, betyn, crowned with thorne, and put to all 
iniuryes y* myght be deuysed, and fynally condempned to deth ; 
there is also clene remyssyon. ^ And there is also the way that 
gothe to the Temple, by the whiche, when the lewes came from the 
temple, they cryed, " Crucifige," &c. 

From thens we went vnto the hous of Herode, that is on the 
lefte hande of Pylates hous, and stondeth hygher vpon the fronte of 
the hyll, into the whiche hous our Sauyour was psented vnto 
Herode by Pylates sendynge, accusyd by y e lewes; neuerthelesse 
the sayde Herode clothed hym in a whyte garmet and sent hym 
ayen to Pylate, Et facti sut amici Herodes et Pilatus in illo die, &c. 
and thyse .ij. houses of Pylate and Herode be yet now moch 
what the fayrest houses in Jherusalem, and specyally the hous of 
Herode. 

Therby is an other fayre hous y l was somtyme a fay re churche 
of saynt Anne, but now y e Sarrasyns haue made therof a muskey, 
y* is to say, theyr temple, and that is the selfe place y l was seynt 
Annes house, and there she dyed ; and in a vaught vnderneth is 



30 TUB PYLGRYMAGE OP 

the very selfe place where our blessyd Lady was borne ; and there 
is plenarye remyssyon. The Sarrasyns wyll suffre no man to 
come into this place but pryuely or for brvhes, bycause it is theyr 
muskey. 

No*, that relyques of the stones of the place there our Lady 
was borne is remedy and consolacon to women that trauayll of 
childe, &c. 

Item, a lytell therby is Probatica Pistina, where our Sauyour 
healyd many men that were seke, as the Gospell sheweth, &c. 

From thens we went to the hous where the synnes of Mary 
Magdalene were foryeuen. 

Thyse places deuoutly vysetyd, we retourned aycn to the Hos- 
pytall, and y* same Wednysday at nyght we were admytted to 
entre ayen into the Temple of the Holy Sepulcre for the seconde 
tyme; for of olde custome whan pylgrymf come they used to 
watche in the Holy Temple of the Sepulcre .iij. nyghtf, as shall be 
assygned by the lordes aforesayd, and this nyght we entred into 
the Temple and vsed oure selfe there in euery poynte as we dyde 
the nyght byfore, except there was no pcessyon, nor shewynge, 
nor instruccion of the holy placf , for we were so clerely infourmyd 
the nyght byfore y* we were pfaytly lerned of our stacions in euery 
place within y" sayd temple. 

PYLGRYMAOE8 INTO THE VALE OF JOSOPIIAT. 

Thursdaye, y* thirde day of Septembre, we, by the ledynge and 
conductynge of our sayd guydes, desccdyd into y" vale of Joso- 
phat, and as we went forthe at the gate towardes Josophat in y 
distens of y' hyll, we come to the place where seynt Stephen was 
stonyd and where Saule stode and kept his clothes, and there we 
myght se vp to the golden gate of the Temple, but no cristen man 
is suffred for to come nygh it; neuerthelesse, to them that with 
dcuocion beholde it a fer is grautcd clene remyssyon ; and of this 
temple and the sayd gate shalbe more sayd hereafter. H And so 



SYR R. OUYLFORDE, KNYOHT. 31 

firste we come to Torrens Cedron, which in somer tyme is drye, 
and in wynter, and specyally in Lent, it is meruaylously flowen 
with rage of water y l comyth with grete vyolence thrugh the vale 
of Josophat, and it rennyth bytwene the cytie and the Moute of 
Olyuete, and is called, as byfore, torres Cedron, and ouer this 
same water saynt Elyn made a brydge of stone, whiche is yet there 
ouer ; and many yeres byfore y e passyon of our Lorde there lay 
ouer the same a tree for a fote brydge, wherof the holy crosse was 
afterwardes made. This seying, the quene of Saba, by y e spirite 
of pphecye, whan she passed y l way she wolde not trede therupon, 
but wadyd thrugh y e water, seying y* the Sauyo r of y e worlde shuld 
suffre vpon that tre ; and clene remyssyon. 

Not fer from this place is the myddes of the vale of Josophat, 
where is a very fayre churche, in y e kepynge and handf of the 
Sarrasyns, wherin we descendyd into a wond fayre vaught, by 
.xlviij. grees, where is the holy tumbe of our blessyd Lady, where 
she was buryed by y e apostels, and y e thirde day Assumpte into 
heuyn ; and there is clene remyssyo. This sepulcre is somwhat 
more than the sepulcre of our Sauyo r Criste, and it is of whyte 
marble, and vpon the other syde of the same churche were buryed 
Joachym and Anne. 

PYLGRYMAOE AT THE MOUNTE OF OLYUETE. 

Departynge out of this forsayd churche of our Lady, we come to 
the fote of y e Moute of Olyuete. 51 And a lytell ascendynge we 
come to the place, vnder an holowe rok, where our Sauyour pray- 
eng fell in suche an agonye that he swet suche plentye of water and 
blode that the dropes fell in grete plenty from his iyen to the 
erthe, seyinge, " Pater, si possibile est vt transiat a me calix iste, 
verutri, no sicut ego volo, sed sicut tu vis, fiat volutas tua," &c. ; 
And there is clene remyssyon. 

There is also the stone wherupon y e augell stode comfortynge 
hym the same tyme. 



32 THE PYLGKYMAGR OF 

Frnme tlii-iis deseendynije aboute a stones caste, we come to the 
place where our Sauyour Criste lefte Peter, James, and John, sey- 
inge to theym, " Sedete hie, donee vadam illuc et orem." 

From thens we ascendyd into that place where as seynt Thomas 
the appostell receyued the gyrdell of our Lady whan she was As- 
sumpte. 

Fnmie thens we entred into the garden, and vysyted the place 
where our Sauyour was taken, and where seynt Peter stroke of 
Malcus eere. 

And therby is the place shewed, by token of a stone, where 
Judas betrayed our Sauyoure to the Jewes with a kysse, and 
where y* Jewes fell bakwarde whan Criste sayde, " Quern queritis?" 
&c. 

And yet we ascendyd more, and come to the place where our 
Sauyour Criste, seynge and beholdynge y* cytie of Iherusalem, 
vpon Palme Sondaye, wepte vpon it, saynge, " Si cognouisses et 

\H* to 

From thens we ascedyd more hygher, and come to the place 
where y e augell of our Lord brought a palme vnto our blessyd 
Lady, shewyng vnto her y e daye of her dethe. 

And frome thens we ascendyd a lytell, and come vnto an hyll 
called Galyle, and that is, y e place of y* whiche the aungell, shew- 
ynge the resurreccion of our Sauyour, sayde to the disciples, " Pre- 
cedet vos in Galileam, ibi eu videbitf sicut predixit vobis," &c. 
Accordynge the promyse of oure Sauyoure made byfore his 
passyon, whan he sayde, " Postq resurrexero precedain vos in 
Galileara," that is to say, into y' sayde place called (ialylee, and 
not into the regyon of Galylee, whiche is from this place. 

Than next we went vnto the hyght and top of this sayd moute 
of Olyuete, wher we foude an olde churche, within the whiche is the 
very place where oure blessyd Sauyour Criste Ihesu ascendyd vnto 
heuyn, " Uidentibus discipulis, eleuat 9 est, et nubcs suscepit eu ab 
oculis eos," &c. In the same churche is y" stone vpon y' whiche 
our Sauyour standynge ascendyd in to heuyn, in the which stone 



SYR R. GUYLPORDB, KNV(,IM . 33 

y* prynte of his holy fete yet appere, and specyally of the ryght 
fote, &c. ; And here is clene remyssyon. Descendinge from y* 
same Moute of Olyuete, we come to y* vyllage of Bethphage, from 
whens o r Sauyo r Crist sent .ij. disciple to Jhrtm vpon Palme Son- 
day for an Asse, sayenge, " Ite I castellu," &c. 

Somwhat bynethe that village we come to an olde, for leten, 
ruynous churche, somtyme of seynt Marke, where the appostles, 
after the ascencion of our Lorde, made the Credo of our fayth, c. 

Item, from thens right lytell discendynge is an other desolate 
churche, where o r Sauyo r Crist taught his disciples y e maner to 
pray, sayeng, " Cu oratis ita dicite, Pater fire," &c. and there he 
made y e hole Pr nr. 

Item, som what more descendynge we come to a certayne stone 
vpon y e which our blessyd Lady was wot to rest her werynes wha 
she most deuoutly visyted these holy placf after y e ascensio of o r 
Lord, &c. 

From thens we come to y e churche of seynt James y e lesse, in 
a Caue where he hyd hym y e tyme of the passyon of our Lord, 
a vowyng y 1 he wold neuer etc mete vnto tyme he sawe his maister 
Criste rysen; and vpon Ester day erely our blessyd Sauyoure 
come to hym and brought hym mete, sayenge, " lames, nowe etc 
for I am rysyn," c. 

Item, therby is the sepulcre of Zacharye the prophet. And 
frome thens we come to the place where somtyme was the towne 
of Gethsamany. 

PYLGRYMAGES OF THE VALE OF 8YLOE. 

From this mounte thus descendyd we come to the botome of 
the vale, and there endeth y e Vale of Josophat and begynneth y e 
Vale of Siloe ; and they both be but one vale, but the name 
chaugeth ; and at y e begynnynge of this vale is a wonder fayre 
tumbe, in maner of a toure, substancyally made and wroughte by 

CAMD. SOC. F 



34 TUB PYLGRYMAGK OF 

ryght suhtcll rrafte, wherin, as it is say do. Absolon is buryed, and 
whan so euer any Sarrasyn cofheth by y* sepulcre he casteth a 
stone thereat with grete violence and despyte, bycause y* the sayd 
Absolon pursued his father kyng Dauid and caused hym to fle. 
And some other men saye it is the sepulcre of Josophat, and that 
the vale there taketh his name of the sayde Josophat. 

And a lytrll within y* entrynge of y" vale is a very clere foutayne 
somxvhat vnder therthe, where o r blessyd Lady was wonte many 
tymes to wasshe y* clothes of our blessyd Sauyour in his childe- 
hode. 

lira, from thens we went to Natatoriu Siloe, where our Sauyour 
yaue syght to y* borne blynde man, anoyntynge his iyen w l clay 
and spotell, saying, " Vade et laua i Natatoria Siloe q 1 habuit et 
lauit et veit vides." 

Ite, from thens we come to a fayre tre w* a grete hepe of 
fourmyd stones aboute it, where as Ysaee y e pphet was sawne I 
sonder by y* middf w* a saw of tre, &c. 

There also by is ortus Olerum, &c. 

From thens we came to Acheldemak, otherwyse called Terra 
Sacta, that was bought with y c .xxx. pecf of syluer that our Sa- 
uiour was solde fore by Judas. This place is walled on thre of the 
sydes of a greate hyght; the .iiij. syde lyeth to the moutayne 
warde, and that nedeth no walle, and it is dressed so y 1 it is leuell 
fo. an. aboue and voughted thrughout vnder nethe, and there be .vij. 
holes aboue to cast the deed crysten bodyes into the sayde vaught 
or Caue. It was so ordeyned and dressed by seynt Elyn. And 
the sayde vaught is of a grete depnes ; the lengthe of this place is 
.Ixxij. fote, and the brede is .1. fote. 

Therby in the rokkes be certayne Caues where the apostelles 
hyd theym in the tyme of the passyon of our Lordc. 

The pylgrymagf of all thyse hooly places was a longe journey 
for one daye, and so the same Thursday at nyght, after thyse j>yl- 
grymagf done, we retournyd ayen to the Hospytall, and there re- 
fresshed vs and rested vs that nyght, &c. 



SYR R. GUYLFORDB, KNYGHT. 35 

The next daye, Fryday, we went to Mounte Syon to masse, 
and there sayde our seruyce and spent that fore noone there 
in prayers and deuocion, and retourned to the Hospytall to our 
dyner. 

PYLGRYMAOES TO BETHLEM. 

The same Fry daye, that was the .iiij. daye of Septebre, after 
noone, we toke our assys at Moute Syon, accompanyd with y e 
sayd Freres and Mamolukf, and rode the same nyght to Bethlem, 
whiche is .v. myle from Jhrtm. 

And in y e high way bytwene about .ij. myle from Jherusalem 
we come to the place where the sterre appered ayen to the thre 
kynges, wherof they loste the lyghte at theyr entre into Jherusalem, 
wherby they rode forthe to Bethlem. 

And a lytell forther we come to an olde Churche, where the pro- 
phete Elyas was borne. 

And therby is a place where the aungell toke vp Abacuc by the 
fronte and bare hym to Babylon, and set hym in y e lake of lyons 
where Danyell the prophete was, and refresshed hym with mete 
and drynke, &c. 

Not fer thens we myght se the place in the whiche Jacobe the 
patryarke dwellyd. 

And there also we passyd faste by the sepulcre of Rachell, the 
wyfe of the sayd Jacobe. 

Than next we come to Bethlem, which hath ben a stronge lytell 
Cy tie, well walled and dyched,anditis yet of ametelygoodstrengthe, 
and it was called in olde tyme Effrata, wherof it is wryten, " Ecce 
audiuimus eu in Effrata," &c. ^[ A lytell without the same cytie, 
towardes the est, is the fayre churche of our blessyd Lady where 
our Sauyour Criste was borne, wherof shalbe more mencyon made 
hereafter. And bytwene y e Cytie and y e sayd church is y c felde 
Floridus, where y c fayre maydon shuld haue ben brent and was 



36 TUB PYLORYMAOB OP 

saued harmclesse by myracle of fyre chaunged into roses, &c. 
And in this cytie of Bethlem was kynge Dauyd borne. 

And thus the same Fryday at nyght we came to this Bethlem, 
and alyght at y* churche of our Lady aforesayd, which is a mer- 
/. rxrj. uaylo 9 fayre church and a right sumptuo 9 werke ; y e length of y* 
churche is .cc. xx.viij. fote, and y* brede is .Ixxxvij. fote; there be 
.iiij. rowes or rangf of pylers thrughout y* church, of y' fynest 
m irhle y 1 may be, not onely meruaylous for ye nobre but for y* 
ontragyous gretnes, length, and fayrenes therof. I neuer saw nor 
herde of a fayrer lytell churche in all my lyfe. The sawden was in 
purpose to a remeuyd those pyllers, w l some other stones of aulters 
y* be right fayre and pcious there, and to haue caried them to 
Cayre to haue buylded his paloys with y e same, and for y 1 entcnt 
he come to Bethlem in his owne psone to se them taken downe, 
and as he behelde y* masons bygynnynge to breke, sodenly there 
come out of the churche wall within, forth nyghe there y" sowden 
was, an houge, grete serpent, y* ranne endloge vpo the right vp 
syde of y' churche wal, and scorched y e sayd wall as it had be 
synged w l fyre al y e way y 1 he went, which scorchyng is sene vnto 
this day. And there as the sayd serpent come out of y e wall there 
brake no pte of y e sayde wall, nor none hole nor brusor apperyd 
nor payntynge defaced. And with this syght the sowdan auoyded 
with grete fere, and all tho y* were with liyin ; and neuer syns he 
nor none other attempted to reue any thynge there, ike. 

At Bethlem comenly be .v. or .vj. frerf of Moute Syon, to kepe 
y* holy placf there, which with other frerf y 1 come w l vs from 
Moute Syon dressed them to a solcpne ^cession at o r first comyng, 
wliom we folowed to al y e holy placf within y* same M<m:istt TV, 
with randies lyght in our handf, as alway vsed in other placf 
where any processyon was done, c. 

And firste the sayde processyon broughte vs to a place at an 
aulter in the southe vie, where our Sauyour Criste was circum- 
sised, &c. 



SYR R. OITYLPORDE, KNYGIIT. 37 

And from thens we come to an other aulter on the northe syde, 
where the thre kynges made redy their offeryngf to present vnto 
our Sauyour Criste. 

And from this place descendyng by certayne stone grees we 
come into a wonder fayre lytell Chapell, at the hyghe aulter wherof 
is the very place of the byrthe of our Lord, assygned by an hole 
made lyke a sterre in a fayre whyte marble stone vnder the myddes 
of y e sayd hygh aulter, whiche byrthe was done in y l selfe moste 
holy place, to the gretest joye and gladnesse y l euer come to man- 
kynde, &c. ; And at this moste holy place is clene remyssyon. 

And therby is a lytel aulter somwhat vnder the rok where y c 
thre kynges offered to our blessyd Sauyour Criste Jhesu gold, 
myrre, and incence ; And there is also clene remyssyon. 

And a lytel before the sayde hyghe aulter is the cribbe of cure 
Lorde, where our blessyd Lady her dere sone byfore layde the oxe 
and the asse, c. ; And there is clene remyssyon. 

And vndowted this lytell Chapell of the byrthe of our Lorde is fo. 
the most glorious and deuoute place that euer I come in ; it is all 
of tables of fyne whyte marble stone, and the vaughtf be gar- 
nysshed with golde and byse with dyuers storyes of as subtyll 
musyn worke as maye be, the wallys also of all the body of the 
churche, from the pyllers to the rooffe, be paynted with storyes 
from the begynnynge of the worlde of the sayde musyn werke, 
whiche is the rychest thynge that can be done to any wallys. How- 
beit y e sayd werkes be gretely defaced, both in the churche and 
chapell, for very pure age, and the sayd churche, with all the place, 
falleth in grete dekay, &c. 

And whan we had vysyted this holy chapell we ascendyd and 
come to the place where y e bodyes of the holy innocent^ lay many 
yeres vnknowen, &c. 

There is also an other solytary Chapell vnder a rok, where seynt 
Jherom translated the Byble into Greke and Latyn. 

Item, faste by the same Chapell is an other lytel chapell where 



38 THE I'YLORYMAGE OP 

the sayd seynt Jherom was buryed, and there is yet his tombe, 
but his body was translated to Rome longe syns. 

This procession ended, we refresshed vs with suche vytayllys as 
we had, and rested vs a whyle, and that done euery man yaue hym 
to prayer, contemplacyon, and deuocion, vysytynge the holy placf 
aforesayd, seying and heryng masses vnto tyme it was day light, 
at whiche tyme y* church dores were set open by y" paynyms, by 
whom we were leten out by tale as we entred, and there toke our 
asses and vysyted some holy places, as foloweth : 

Therby is an other churche of our Lady, distance from the 
churche of Bethlem .v, arrow shottes, where at the byrthe of our 
Lorde the aungell sayd to the shepardes, " Annuncio vobis gaudiu 
magnu q> natus est nobis hodie Saluator mudi," &c. 

And a lytell thens is the place where the herdemen, kepynge 
their watche vpyn theyr flock e in the houre of the Natiuite of our 
Lorde, sawe and herde aungellys synge " Gloria in excelsis," &c- 

And thus this same Saterday in the mornynge, that was the .v. 
day of Septembre, we retourned towardes Iherusalem by the moun- 
taynes of Jude. 

PYLGKYMAGB8 BY THE MOUNTAYNBS OF JUDB. 

And by the waye as we passed the sayde Moutaynes we come to 
a Chapel where the aungell of God appeared to Joseph in his slepe, 
sayeng, " Surge et accipe puerum et matrem eius, et fuge in Egip- 
tum," ike. 

There is also the Sepulcre of the .xij. Prophetis. 

There is also the place where Dauid slewe Golyas, &c. .v. rally s 
Terelyntliy. 

And from thens we come to y* house of Zacharye in the mou- 
taynes of Jude, which is .v. myle from Bethlera and .v. myle from 
Jherusalem, into y' whiche hous of Zacharye, after the salutacion of 
the aungell and the concepcion of Criste, the moste blessyd Yir- 



SYR B. OUYLFOKDE, KNYGHT. 39 

gyne, goynge into the mountaynes with grete specie, entred and 
saluted Elyzabeth, and made this swete songe, " Magnificat ala 
mea Dnm," &c. 

And in the hyghest pte alofte ouer y 1 house there was somtyme 
a Churche y* nowe is fallen, where is the place where as Zacharye, 
fulfylled with the Holy Gooste, prophecyed, sayeng, " Benedictus 
Dns De 9 Israel," &c. and where also he asked penne and ynke, 
and wrote of his sone, " Johannes est nomen eius," &c. 

Not fer thens is an other large hous, wher was somtyme a 
Churche, and there is y e place where seynt John was borne, but 
now the sayd churche is so fer desolate that it is made an hous for 
bestis, &c. 

Than next after we come to y e hous of Symyonis iusti et tiorati, 
the whiche receyued Criste in his armys whan he was psented into 
y e temple, sayeng, " Nunc < 1 1 in it t is. Dne, seruu tuu in pace," &c. 

In our waye homewardes, .ij. myle from Jherusalem, we come 
into a Cloyster of grekysshe monkf, whose Churche is of the holy 
Crosse, and there as the hyghe aulter of y e same stondeth is the 
place where grewe the tre wherof y e holy crosse was made, &c. 

And therby is Salomon's orcheyerd, whiche is yet a right de- 
lectable place, &c. 

Thus we come ayen to Jherusalem the same Saterdaye at after 
noone, and went to y e Hospytall, and there refresshed vs and restyd 
va for that nyght, &c. 

Sonday, the .vj. day of Septembre, we went all to Mounte Syon 
to masse ; and the same day we dyned with y e warden and freres 
there, where we had a right honest dyner, and or than we rose 
from the borde the warden rose from y e borde, and toke a basyn 
full of folden papres with relyques in eche of them, and so he went 
endelonge the Cloyster there we sat at y e table and dalt to euery 
Pylgryme as he passed a pap w 1 relyques of y* holy placf aboute 
Jherusale, which we toke as deuoutly as we coude, and thankf ac- 
cordyng. 



40 TIIR PYLORYIf AOP. OF 

The Saterdaye byfore mayster Pryor of Gysborogh disceased, 
aboute .ij. or .iij. of the cloke at after noonc, and the same nyght 
late he was had to Mounte Syon and there buryed. 

And this same Sonday at nyght, aboute .j. or .ij. of the cloke at 
after mydnyght, my M. syr Ric. Guylford, whom God assoyle, 
disceased, and was had y e same mornynge to Mounte Syon afore 
daye. 

And the same Monday, our Ladyes euen, y e Natiuite, all the 
pylgrymes come to Moute Syon, to the buryenge of my sayde 
Master Guylford, where was done by the freres as moche solempne 
seruyce as myght be done for hym, &c. ; and this was the .vij. 
daye of Septembre, &c. 

THE PYLORYMAOf OP BETHANYE. 

The same afternoone we went to Bethanye, whiche is beyonde 
the Moute of Olyuete, aboute .iiij. myle from Jherusale ; there we 
entred into an olde Churche & sawe y e graue or monument in 
the whiche Lazarus lay .iiij. dayes dede, as the Gospell sheweth, 
&c. whome our Sauyour Criste raysed frome dethe to lyfe, ike. 

Not fer thens is the hous of Simonis Leprosi, whiche prayed 
our Lord to etc with hym, and where as he sat Mary Magdalene 
brought Alabauster of anoyntynge and sat at our Lordf fete and 
without seassyng wesshe his fete with her teerys, wypynge theym 
w* her heer and anoynted theym with her precyous oyntemente ; 
and there our Sauyour Crist forgaue the synnes of the sayd Mary 
Magdalene. 

This Symon Leprosus, that harbored our Lorde and sucheof his 
disciples as were cristenyd, was afterwardes made lKs>h<>p, and he 
was called Julyan ; and this is he that men call vppon for good 
harborowe. 

And therby is the hous of Martha, our Lordes hostes, and the 



SYR R. GUYLFORDE, KNYO1IT. 41 

hous of the sayd Mary Magdalene, whiche we vysyted, and this 
done we retourned ayen vnto Jherusalem, &c. 

The same Mondaye at nyght we entred ayen into the Temple of 
the Holy Sepulcre for the thirde tyme, and were there receyved 
and entred and used our self in euery thyng in suche fourme and 
mancr as we dyd the .ij. nyghtf byfore whan we entred into y* 
same, and we vysyted the sayd holy places with the more zele and 
deuocion bycause we rekenyd it for the laste tyme that we shuld 
se them in all our lyues. 

Tewsdaye the .viij. daye, that was our Ladyes day, in the raorn- 
ynge, after y e masses and euery thynge pfourmed and done, as we 
had vsed there before, we were lettyn out of the sayd Temple as the 
custome is, and wente streyght to the Hospytall and refresshed vs, 
and after rested vs accordyngly as euery man thought mete and 
necessary for hym, &c. 

PYLQRYMAGf TO JORDAN. 

The same Tewysdaye, ayenst nyght, we wente to Mounte Syon, 
and there toke our assis, accompaned with certayne Freres and 
Mamolukes, and as we rode our waye towardes Jordan we passed fo. xxx. 
by the Moute of Olyuete toward^ Bethany, and from thens we 
helde the right way from Jherusalem to Jheryco, and y* is the way 
of the which it is sayde in the Gospell " Homo q'da descedebat ab 
Jhrtm in Jherico, et incidit I latrones," &c. And yet vnto this day 
it is a right pyllous way. At Iherico, as it is red, our Lord dyde 
many grete myracles, and specially in y hous of Zachei, in the 
whiche our Sauyoure proferde hymself to be lodged, wherof the 
sayd Zacheus was wonder glad and receyued hym joyously, &c. 

In Iherico also is yet shewed the place where y e blynde man, 
notwithstondynge the prohybycyon and rebukes of the people, 
cryed incessauntly, " Jbu, fili Dauid, miserere mei," and inconty- 
nently he myght se, and yaue prayse to Almyghty God. 

CAMD. soc. o 



42 THE PYLORYMAOE OF 

At Jherico we taryed one nyght, and in the mornyng we rode to 
Jordan, that is .vj. mylc fromc thens, and there we come to the self 
place where our Sauyour Criste was baptysed of seynt lohn Bap- 
tyste. There we wesshe vs and bayned vs all nakyd in the water 
of Ionian, trustynge to be therby wesshen and made clcne from 
all our synnes ; And there is plenary remyssyon de pena et a culpa. 

This ryuer rennyth into the dede See, and it deuydeth the 
Holy Lande and Arabye, for it passeth bytwene theym bothe. 

This Ryuer opend hymselfe and gaue place to the children of 
Israeli to passe thrugh drye fote into the londe of pmyssion, lykc- 
wyse as y* red See dyde, &c. 

In y* same water was Naaman Sirus helyd, by byddynge of the 
prophet Helysey, of his grete sekenes of lepre, &c. 

And moste specyally this water is halowed by y* towchynge of 
the moste pure flesshe of our Sauyour Criste Jhesu, " Quo medi- 
ante vim generatiua contulit aquis," and ordeyned the sacrament 
of mannes saluacion to be made in water, &c. 

In this water scynt Ihon Baptyst sawe heuyn open, to whom 
apperyd y e Father in voyce, the Sone in flesshe, and the Holy 
Goost in lykenes of a doue, vt in festo Epiphane. 

From thens we went to an olde fallen and forleten Churche, 
where is the place where as seynt lohan Baptyst dyde penaunce 
in and where he sawe our Sauyour comynge to hym, sayde, " Ecce 
agn 9 Dei ; ecce qui tollit pcta mudi," &c. 

The ryuer of Jordan begynneth vnder y* hyll of Libani, and 
there begynnyth the Holy Lode, and it lasteth vnto Barsabce.* In 
lengthe, northe and south, .c.lxxx. myle, and in brede, from Jordan 
to Jaffee, est and west, .lx. myle ; and this ryuer of Jordan is di- 
fo. trzrj. ryuyed of Jor and Dan, .ij. small ryuers, " Et cognoueriit omnes 
a Dan vsq^ Barsabee q> fidelis Samuel," c., whiche .ij.placf be the 
lymytes or endes of the Holy Lande the longest wave, c. 

Therby also, not ferre frome Jordan, is the place where Elyas 
the prophete was rauysshed into heuyn in a golde chare, c. 

* Ikcnheba. ED. 



SYR R. GUYLPORDE, KNYGHT. 43 

Therby also is the place where seynt Jherome dyde penaunce. 

Therby also we wente into a valey where somtyrae y e holy Abbot 
Saba was father of .xiiij.M. mokes in one Cloystre y* stode there, 
but nowe it is all downe and nothynge therof sene but ruyne of 
stones. 

From thens we went to the deed See, where somtyme stode the 
Cyties of Sodom and Gomer, and other that sanke for synne, &c. 

The deed See is in brede, est and west, .vj. leges, and in lengthe 
.v. dayes journey. 

Also by sydes the deed See is the statu of salt of Lothes wyffe, 
but that place stondeth so that it is very laborious to se, &c. 

From thens we retourned ayen to Jherico and to the Mounte of 
Quaratene, where our Sauyour Criste fasted .xl. dayes. Fewe 
pylgrymes go vp vnto this mounte, bycause the passages vp and 
the dissence is of so pyllous. Of this Mounte Quarantene is more 
mencion made afterwardes. 

At the fote of this moute is the foutayne y* Helyseus helyd and 
made suete with puttynge in of salte and holy wordes in the name 
of Almyghty God, as we rede in the seruyce of halowynge of the 
holy water. Here at this fountayne we rested vs a whyle, and re- 
tourned vnto Jherusalem. 

OF THE TEMPLE OF SALOMON. 

Whyles we were thus occupyed in o r pylgrymagf at Jherusalem 
and there aboute, we passyd sondry tymes by the Temple of Salo- 
mon, and often we sawe and behelde it without forth from sondry 
hyllf, and specially from the Moute of Olyuete, for there is y e 
moste clere syght and best byholdynge therof to theym y l may not 
entre into it, for the sayde temple stondeth vpon the est egge of 
Moute Morrea, and the Mounte Olyuete is right est from it, and 
is moche hygher then is the sayd Moute of Morrea, where y e 
temple stondeth, and bytwene them both is the Vale of Josaphat. 
The Sarrasyns woll suffre no cristen man to come within the sayd 



: ' TlIK I'YLGRYMAGB OF 

Temple, and if he do he shall be compelled incontynently to rvn\v 
Ins fayth and crystendome, or ellys he shalbe put to execucion of 
deth by and by ; and as a man may juge by outwarde syght y* 
sayd temple is in largcnes, hyght, and suptuousnes buyldynge fer 
aboue and beyonde any werke that euer we sawe in all our lyues. 
There is also within y' circuytc of the walles of y* same an other 
temple, that was called Portic 9 Salomonis, which is also wonder 
grete and large, and as we demyd by our estymacon we supposed 
y* the vtter grete wall y 1 incloseth thyse .ij. Temples, with houses 
and court f and suche other buyldyngf as be within forthe, is lyke 
to be of y* circuyte of the wallys of Caleys or lytel lasse ; and as 
it is sayd there be contynually brennynge within Salomons Temple 
.vij.c. lampcs, and in Porticu Salomonis dayly .viij.c. lampes, and 
vnderneth y" circuyte of the courtes of the temple are hyghe 
standynge voughtes vpon grete pyllers, more substacially made 
and more fayre, rekenynge the hyght, thene euer I sawe any vnder 
buyldynge ; and this grete vought is called the Stable of Salomon. 
I sawe it in at a back (lore, and as it is sayd the same stable or 
voughi is sufficient to receyue a .M . horses. 

This temple hathe sondry gatf to entre into it ; y" pryncipall 
gate is within the Cytie, an other gate is without forthe estwarde, 
towarde the Mounte of Olyuete, and that is y* golden gate, which 
we myghte se very parfyghtly, goynge right nyghe vnto it towarde 
the Moute Syon ; also we myght clerely se it fronx y* sayd Moute 
of Olyuete. The Sarrasyns haue vnderstodyng by their prophe- 
cyes y 1 whan so euer y 1 gate shalbe openyd their kyngdom, lord- 
shyp, and power is atte an ende there ; and therefore they woll not 
suffre that gate to be sette open in no wyse. In at the same gate 
rode our blessyd Sauyour vpon Palme Sonday, syttynge vpon an 
asse ; but as I sayde afore there is no cristen man suffrcd to come 
nyghe it, but who so euer pylgryme loke deuoutly towardes the 
same gate and beholdeth it with deuocion hath graunted to hym 
plenarye remyssyon, c. 

Tlie Sarrasyns haue this temple in grete reuerc-ce, and specially 



SYR R. OUYLFORDE, KNYGIIT. 45 

they worshyp there a rok of stone whiche is closyd aboute with 
yrron, and they rekyn it so holy y l no Sarrasyn dare touche it ; 
howbeit they come thether from their further pties to vysyt it. 

In the same rok within y sayd temple y Jewes kept the arke of 
God, with y e relyques y* Titus caryed to Rome, that is to say, the 
.x. comaundementf, Aarons rodde, Moyses rod, a vessell of gold 
full of manna, ornametf for sacrefyce, the tabernacle of Aaron, a 
square table of gold with .xij. pcious stones, a box of grene jaspis 
w* .iiij. fygurf conteynynge y c .viij. names of our Lorde, .vij. can- 
delstykes of golde, and .iiij. sensers of golde, and an aulter also of 
fyne gold, and .iiij. lyons of golde, vpon the whiche they had che- 
rubyn of golde .xij. spanne longe, and a tabernacle of golde, and 
.xij. trumpettis of syluer, a table of syluer, and .vij. barlee loues, 
and all the other relyques y* were byfore the natiuite of Criste. 

Upon the same rok slept Jacob-whan he sawe aungels go vp and 
downe, and sayd, " Vere locus iste sanctus est et ego uestieba," &c. j'o. xxxiij. 
And there the aungell chaunged Jacobs name and called hym 
Israeli, &c. 

Item, our Sauyour Criste was offerde vpon tire same stone whan 
Symyon Justus toke hym i his armes and sayd,"Nunc dimittis," &c. 

Item, our Sauyour Criste sat vpon the same rok at .xij. yere age 
in the myddes of the doctours, herynge them and apposynge 
theym, &c. 

And afterwardf at his .xxx. yere of age many tymes he sat vpon 
y e same prechynge to the people. 

And there our Sauyour Criste foryaue y e woman her synnes that 
was taken in auoutry. 

And there offerd firste Melchisedech brede and wyne to our 
Lorde, in tokenyng of the sacrament that was to come. 

And there the aungell denouncyd to Zacharye y e natiuite of 
seynt lohn Baptyst. 

And there fell Dauid prayenge to our Lorde for mercy for hym- 
selfe and his people, c. 



46 TUB PYLORYMAOB OK 

And within the same temple is the Fountayne wherof holy writ 
sayth, " Vidi aquam egredientera de templo," &c. 

Holy scripture spekyth moche of this temple, whiche were longe 
to wrytc for this purpose. 

I sawe not this temple within, but I wryte as I herde therof 
there, and sawe by wrytynge. 

And whan we had thus spede our Pylgrymages with grete watche, 
hast, and labour, there come to Jherusalem a nobleman of Mylan, 
called my s r Xpofer de Paluasyn, whiche passed with vs in o r galye 
from Venyce to y c Roodes, and there he lefte our galye and toke an 
other shyp to Alexandria and to Carye, purposynge to haue gone 
by y l way to saynt Katheryns Moute, but he foude y* passage so 
daugerous, fydynge no sure conduyte, y 1 he durste aueture no 
further that way than to Cayre, but from thens he retourned to 
Jherusale, and aryued there by fore our depture from thens ; and 
after y* the sayd my s r Xpofer was at a poynt and agremet with o p 
patron to passe ayen w* his galye to Venyce, they both intreated 
vs pylgrymes i good and fayre maner to be cotent to tary styll at 
Jhrtm vnto y e tyme y c sayde my s r Xpofer myght do his pylgry- 
mage there and vysyte y" holy placf, wherunto we al agreed and 
were cotent w* moche y e better good wyll by cause we were glad 
and desyrous to se and vysyte more oftener y* holy placf there ; 
and so it fel y* by meanes of the company of the sayd noble man, 
and some parte for our money, we had eftesones lycence to entre 
into the Temple of y* Holy Sepulcre other thre sondry nyghtes, 
and to vysyte ayen suche other holy placf as we had deuocion 
vnto, and also to seke and vysyte dyuers pylgrymagcs and holy 
thyngf that we had not sene byforne, ike. 

So. xzxiiij. Here foloweth a lytell declaracion of some other holy placf and 
sondry other thingf within y' Holy Londe, wherof some we vy- 
syted and some we passed by lacke of tyme, whiche I set not in 
ordre as they lye and stodc, but as some of vs visyted one place 
and some an other so y^whan we mette echc reported vnto other 



SYR B. OUYLFORDE, KNYOHT. 47 

as we had fouden and sene ; and so I put y e pts of my vysytacion 
as well as others into this lytell Remenibraunce. 

And first it is to wyt that the Holy Londe, which was delyuered 
to the .xij. tribes of Israeli, in parte it was called y c kyngdome of 
Jude, that was assygned to .ij. of the tribes, y 1 is to say, to Jude 
and Bengemyn, and in parte it was called the kyngdome of Sa- 
marye, that nowe is called Sabasten, and that was the hed of the 
other .x. tribes of Israeli; and there was seynt John Baptyst 
buryed. 

Mons Libanus is northewarde from Jherusalem, out of the 
whiche Mounte sprynge thre wellys, wherof one of them is that 
holy scripture speketh of, sayeng, " Fons ortum puteus aqua^ 
viueciu q fluut in impetu de Libane," &c. And this welle maketh 
a ryuer that rennyth westwardes into the see, passynge by the 
playnes of Libania and to Tyre that stodeth vpon y e see. Byfore 
the est gate of this cytie of Tyre is shewed the place of y e pchynge 
of our Sauyo r Ihesu Crist, where he spekynge to y c people w* 
hygh voyce, a certayne woman of the people sayde, " Blessyd be 
y e wombe y l bare the and y brestf y l thou hath sowkyd." 

And aboute .iij. or .iiij. legges frome thens is the place y l now is 
desert, where y e woman of Cananee prayde to our Lord for 
her doughter y* was vexed w* a fende, wherof y e Gospell sayth, 
" Egressus Ihesus secessit in ptes Tiri et Sydonis et ecce mulier 
Cananea a finibus illis egressa clamauit/' &c. And the sayd cytie 
of Sydon is but right lytell from y e citie of Tire. 

And from thens men come to the noble citie of Tripolis, y 1 
stondeth vpon y c see, where y e grete plentye of sylke is made, and 
it is wondre full of people. 

The playnes and londe lyeng aboute thyse Cyties and so al y c 
vale to the Mounte of Libani, by vertue of this sayd ryver, may 
well be called padyse, for y e excedyng fayrenes and infynyte plente 
of vynes, olyfff, fygges, and canamells, w l all other fruytf, wherof 
be non lyke in any other pties, nether in quatyte, goodnes, ne 



48 T1IR PYLORYMAOB OF 

plente, and specially in goodnes of wyne, for of y* playne it is 
truly sayd, " Memoriale ej 9 vt vinu Libai." 

Also l>\t \u-ne Sydon and Tripolis aforsayd is y c olde famous 
citvf of Haruth, stundyngc vpon the see, and it is the porte of y* 
grete famous cytie of Damaske, and at this sayde citie of Baruth 
our Sauyour Criste dyd many myracles ; and it is .v. journeys 
from Jherusalem. We sawc it not. 

Aton is from thens southwardes wele toward? Jherusalem, 
within the londe and not vpon the see. 

A lytell from y' sayd Baruth is Capadocia, where seynt George 
slewe the dragon. 

Not fer thens, more north ward ?, is the grete and olde cytie of 
Anthyoche, where seynt Petre preched and dyd many myracles, 
and there he baptysed aboue .x.M. men within .vij. dayes, where 
also was firste ordeyned his chayre, and ther he held his See .vij. 
yere, and there first sprange vp and spretl abrode the cristen name, 
and there longe after induryd y' patryarkes, &c. 

A good dayes journey from thens south ward f is y* glorio 9 olde 
cytie of Damas, where seynt Poule was baptysed. Not fer from 
thens, aboute a myle without y* towne, is y c place of his conuer- 
sion : " Ubi circufulsit eu lux de celo," and in y e same cytie is y* 
place sene in y e wall " Ubi a fratrib 9 p sporta dimissus," &c. 

But thyse plac? be not within the precincte of the londe of 
promyssion, &c.; nor we sawe theym not at this tymc, but cer- 
tayne freres of Moute Syon come from thens and instructed vs tn. 

The other .ij. welles which sprynge out of y e hyll of Libani as 
before, the first is called Dan and y secode is called Jor, and they 
both fall into one ryuer, and than that ryuer is called Jordan ; and 
y* cytie y 1 now is called Belenas was somtyme called Dan, after y 
name of y* sayd well, for it stondeth fast.therby, at y* fote of the 
sayd Moute Libani ; and at this towne of Dan, otherwyse called 
Belenas, begynneth y c lode of promyssion northward? and lasteth 
southward? vnto Barsabee, " Venit Heylas in Barsabee, Juda, 



SYR R. OUYLPORDE, KNYGHT. 49 

Bytwene the whiche is .ix. score myle : of thyse boudes speketh 
Josue, .xix. cap : " Congregat 9 est vniuersus Israel, a Dan vsq> 
Barsabee," &c. Belenas is otherwyse called Cesaria Philippi. 

The sayd lode of ^mission is in bred, est and west, .Ix. myle, y* 
is to say, fro Jherico to Jaffa, &c. as before. 

And at the sayd Sebasten begynneth Vales illustris, and lasteth 
vnto the Deed See. 

Not fer from thens is y e prouynce of Galylee, in the whiche pro- 
uynce are y e londf of Naym, Caphernau, Corosaim, and Beth- 
sayda, where seynt Petre and seynt Andrew were borne, and at 
Corosaym Anticrist shalbe borne, as some men saye, &c. 

And at this same prouynce is the gret water y l is called Mare 
Galylee, and in some place therof it is called Mare Tiberiad 9 , and 
by sondry other names, after the names of townes y l stonde ther- 
upon ; and thoughe so be it is called a see, in very dede it is but a 
stondynge water, and it is an .c. forlonges in lengthe and .xl. for- 
longf in bred. I was therat, and sawe it. 

Upon this see our Sauyour went drye fote, and there he sayd to 
Peter whan he feryd drownynge, " Modice fidei, quare dubitasti ? " 

And vpon the brynke of y e same See of Galylee is y e place 
where our Sauyour Crist stode after his resurrection, where .vij. of 
his disciples were fysshyng, to whom he sayd, " Pueri nuquid pul- /<> 
metariu hetf ." And therin to this daye be seen vpon the stone y l 
he stode vpon the forme of .iij. stappes of his blessyd fete ipressyd 
in y e sayd stone ; and .x. pacf frome thens is the place where the 
sayd disciples come to londe out of theyr shyp : " Et vidert pnas 
et pisce suppositu et panem," &c. 

And therby is the sepulcre of Job, &c. . 

Therby, vpon y e cooste of y e same see, is the cyte of Tyberyadis, 
where our Sauyo r Crist goyng by sawe the publycan named Leui, 
otherwyse Mathew, syttynge at the tolhous, and sayd to hym 
" Sequere me," whiche forsoke all that he had and folowed our 
Lorde, and made vnto our Sauyour a grete souper in his hous. 

Therby also is the place where our Sauyo r Criste reysed to lyfe 

CAMD. SOC. H 



50 TIIR PYLGRYMACK iK 

y* doughter of Archisinagogi, &c. And at this towne of TiberiadP 
endeth y* regyon of Dccapoleos, &c. Syx leggf from this Tiberiad v , 
turnynge ayen towardes y' west, is a lytell towne called Sephemn. 
w* a fay re castell, wherin J;u-hym,our blessyd Lad yes father, was 
borne. 

Item, from this Sapheron towardes the south est is the cytie of 
Nazareth, .iij. dayes journey fro Jherusalem, whiche is a cytie of 
y* prouynce of Galylee, and is the self same blessyd cytie in y* 
which sprange y* moste holy Virgyn, of y e rote of Jesse, where, the 
aiigels salutacion to her done, she conceyued y* blessyd fruyte of 
her wombe our Sauyo r Criste Jhesu. 

In this cytie was somtyme a fayre Churche of our Lady, but 
nowe it is downe ; howbeit there is yet stondynge a lytell Chapell 
wherin is y e very place of the holy salutacion of our blessyd Lady. 
Y e sayd chapell stode within y e sayde churche or than it fell to 
ruyne ; and also in y* same chapell is y c pyller of marble stone 
wherunto y blessyd Virgyne lened whan y e augell Gabryell 
brought vnto her y e swete message, sayeng, " Aue, gra plena," &c. 
There is clene remyssyon. 

In Nazareth was somtyme the Synagog, into the whiche whome 
our Sauyour Christe, after his baptyme came to Nazareth, where 
he was nourysshed, entred, after his custome, vpon the Sahat 
daye, and rose to rede, and there was delyuerd to hym y c booke 
of Isaie y prophete, and as he vnplyght the booke he founde the 
place in the whiche was wryten, "Spiritus Dni sup me propter qd 
vnxit me euagelizare paupibus ; misit me sanare contritos, p'di- 
care captiuis remissionem, et cecis visfi, dimittare cofractos i remis- 
sionC pctoj, pdicare aim acceptu Dni, et diem retributionis." And 
whan he hadde sliyt the booke he delyuered it vnto the mynyster 
and sette hym downe, and the iyes of al them that were in the 
Synagog intentytly hchclde hym, and they al meruayled in the 
wordf of grace y* preceded from his mouthe, c. And at the 
sayde chapell of Nazareth is clene remyssyon. 
/o. arjmj. Aboutc .iiij. arowe shot without the sayde Cytie of Nazareth 



SYR R. GUYLFORDK, KNYGHT. 51 

towardes the south is the place called Saltus Domini, in a moun- 
tayne, vnto the top wherof the Jewes led our Sauyoure Criste, to 
haue caste hym there downe, but they had no power so to do, for, 
" ipse autem transiens p mediu illox ibat," &c. And soone after 
he was founden at the fote of an other Moutayne therby, where yet 
the prynte of his holy stappes are sene. 

Aboute .ij. myle from Nazareth is the towne called the Caue of 
Galylee, where y e woman dwellyd of whom the Gospell speketh, 
and there our Lorde tournyd water into wyne, &c. 

Bethulia is .ij. good legges from Tiberiadis, aboue the See of 
Galylee, in the mountaynes. 

Thre leggf from Bethulia, not fer from Jordan, is y e castell 
called Magdalus, wherof Mary Magdalene was lady, not fer from 
y e sepulcre of Job, &c. 

Also besydes the See of Galylee is the ascendyng vnto the 
mounte where our Sauyour Criste wente vp so often, in the which e 
he made y r longe famous sermon of the .viij. blessydnesses and 
other vertues that be rehersyd in the Gospell. 

In the whiche Mounte also our Sauyour Criste fed .v.M. men 
with .v. bredf and .ij. fysshes, and there also, " Dimissa turba, as- 
cendit solus orare," and ther also our Sauyo r dyd many myracles 
at many sondry tymes. 

Item, from Nazareth .ij. legges towardes the est is the Mounte 
Tabor, into the whiche our Sauyour Criste toke vp Petre and lamys 
and lohn his brother,and was transfygured byfore them, and his face 
shone as y e sonne, and his clothes were made whyte as snowe, as 
the Gospell sheweth ; and in the top of this mountayne is a wall 
made rounde aboute the place of the trasfyguracyon of our Lord, 
within the whiche circuyte be fayre trees and fountayne, and y l 
place is wondre pleasaute and delectable ; howbeit there is no ma 
dwellyng ther, but at y e fote of y e moutayn dwel many Paynyms ; 
for they holde no man worthy to dwell in y e same moute, for thev 
worshyp it moche, and they name y l mounte, in reuerence of that 
holy place, Mons Dei ; And there is plenarye remyssyon, &c. 



b'2 I MB PYLORYMAGB OK 

And there are shewed vnto this daye the ruynes of the .iij. taber- 
nacles made accordynge the desyre of Petre by deuoute cristen 
MUM), whannc the Holy Lande was in their handes : and it is very 
daungerous to go vp vnto the hyghte of this mounte for the grete 
hyghte therof and for the Bilious, step and right vp passage, &c. 
And at the fote of this mounte westward^ Nazareth is an olde Cha- 
pell in the place where our Lorde, descendynge from the moute, 
sayd to his disciplf , " Nemini dixeritf visionc hac donee," &c. 

From Nazareth .ij. legf, and one lege from Moute Tabor, is the 

Mounte Hermon the more, on whose north syde is the cytic of 

/. xxrritj. Naym, where, whan our Sauyoure come nyghe the gate of y e cytie, 

" Ecce defunct 5 efferrebatur filius vnic 9 inatris sue," whom he 

reysyd from deth to lyfe, &c. 

At Sabasten aforesayd, that so in ty me was called Samaria, seynt 
John Baptyst was put in preson by Herode, and at the instaunce 
of a dauncynge damsell, by persuasyon of a wykkyd auoutrer her 
moder, there he was hedyd, c. 

The sayde seynt John Baptyst was buryed bytwene the pro- 
phetis Helesey [and] Abodiam, in a tumbe of marble moche lyke the 
sepulcre of our Lord ; but after he was taken vp and brent by 
Julyan the Apostata, &c. And now y c Sarrasyns haue taken vp 
the stones of the same tumbe and put theym to the werkes of theyr 
Muskey, i. Temple. 

Therby is y e cytie now called Neopolis, y* some tyme was called 
Thebas, of grete fame. 

A lytell from thens towardes Jherusalem is the welle of Jacob, 
where our Sauyour Criste, wery of goynge, syttyng vpon the welle, 
axed water of the woman Samarita, &c. as the Gospell sheweth 
the processe of the myracle at lengthe. 

Therby is Sychem, where lye the bones of Joseph, brought from 
Egipt,&c. 

Goynge frome Galylee to Jherico, on the ryght hande is the 
Moute of Quarentena, where our Lorde fasted .\l. dayes and .\l. 
nyghtf : it is an hyghe hyll and diffycyll to ascende, but our Lord 



SYR R. GUYLFORDE, KNYGHT. 53 

was tempted on an hygher hyll .iij. legges from this, aboue in the 
deserte of Bethell and haye ; and at the fote of this moutayne of 
Quarentena, aboute .ij. arrow shottf from the same, is y e foutayne 
or well of Helesey, whose waters, bycause they were bytter salt, 
and bareyne, y e sayd prophet helyd them and made them swete 
and holsome ; and this well rennyth into Jordan, &c. At the sayde 
Mounte Quarantena is plenarye remyssyon. 

And it is to be noted that the ryuer of Jordan rennyth into the 
deed See and passeth clerely thoroughe the same, and gothe forthe 
oute of the sayde deed See at the other ende without takyng any 
parte of the sayd deed See with it. 

This deed See is the place wher as stode the .v. cytie that sanke 
for synne, and all the londe that bylonged and joyned vnto the 
sayde .v. cytyes ; and thyse be the names of theym : Sodoma, 
Gomorra, Segor, Adama, and Seboym. 

And this deed See hathe in brede est and west .vj. legges, and 
in lengthe northe and southe .v. dayes journey ; and nyghe unto 
the sayd see it is comenly derke as hell. The vale by the coste of 
the same was wonte byfore the fall of the sayd cytyes to be called 
Vallis Illustris, for the excedynge fayrenes and plenteousnes of / 
fruytf of the same, and was rekenyd most lyke vnto Paradyse in 
all beauties, and now it beryth no thinge that is good, but stynketh 
and is horryble and noysome to all that se it, insomoche there may 
no fysshe lyue in the sayde see nor foule flye ouer it, nor ne beest 
maye suffre to come nyghe it durynge all y e sayde vale aboute it. 

Also .iiij. legges from Jherusalem towardes the west is the 
castell of Emaus, where our Lorde, walkynge with .ij. of his disci- 
ples in lykenesse of a pylgryme, was knowen in brekynge of brede. 
.i. Nicopolis. 

Besydes the waye towardes Ebron is Mambre, where Abraham 
dwellyd longe tyme, where he sat at the fote of Mambre in the dore 
of his lodge, he sawe .iij. men descendynge by the waye, y e whiche 
he receyued to harborough : " Tres vidit et vnu adorauit." The 
tre called Ilex, y l than stode byfore Abraham's dore is now wasted, 



54 THE PYI,GRYMAOK UK 

but there is another tre sprongen of y e rote of y e name. This tre 
is holde in grete veneracion amonges the Sarrasyns, and from this 
tre of Mambre, abovt halfe a legge on the right hande, is Ebron, 
in the whiche vale is Spelunca duplex, in the which are buryed 
Adam and Eua, Abraham and Sara, Ysaac, Rebecca, lacob, and 
Lya. 

And from this Spelunca duplici, towardes the west, aboute a 
good bow shote, is Ager Damascenus, in the whiche place Adam 
was made. This Ager Damascenus hath erthe moche inclynynge 
to rede, and is flexible and toughe as wez, the whiche erthe the 
Sarrasyns dygge in grete plenty and lede it into Egypte, Ethyop, 
and Inde, and there they sell it very dere for golde and spyces ; 
and the pyttcs that they dygge for the same erthe be full ayen and 
is as playne grounde as any other within the same valey within y e 
space of a yere, without any castynge in or helpe of mannes hande, 
so that no thynge may be perceyued where any dyggynge was, be 
the pyttes neuer so grete, &c. And this is there couted for a grete 
myracle, bycause it is done without mannes ingyne, &c. 

And who so euer beryth of the same erthe vppon hym is saffely 
assuryd frome noyeng of any beste, and it kepcth a man frome the 
fallyngc euyll, and it is y e moost fayrest and meryest Vale to loke 
vppon in all the worlde. 

Therby is the place where Caym slewe his brother Abell ; and 
not fer thens is the caue where Adam and Eua bewayled the deth 
of theyr sone Abell an .c. yeres, and therefore it is called in some 
place of Scrypture Vallis Lacrimarum. 

And in the same vale is a Caue in a rok where Adam and Eua 
dwellyd whan they were dryuen out of Paradyse, and there they 
jo. *i. begate their children, and y c forme of theyr beddes appere yet in 
the sayd caue, and the sayd caue is aboute .xxx. fote euery waye. 

For as some men say, the same daye that our Lorde had formed 
Adam and Eua in y* saydc vale they were incontynently translated 
into Paradyse, and the selfe same day they synned and were 
dryuen out of Paradyse, and were put there ayen. 



SYR R. OUYL.FORDE, KNYOI1T. 55 

And so this vale is called the vale Ebron in some place therof, 
and in another place therof it is called the vale of Mambre. It is 
also called Ager Damascenus and Vallis Lacrimarum ; and it hathe 
thyse .iiij. names by circuite and tournynges as they chauge theyr 
places vnder the mountaynes that lye aboute them, &c. ; but they 
do areche ferre in lengthe. This Vallis Lacrimarum is .ij. legges 
frome Ebron towardes the northwest, and it was called Torrens 
Botri : " Unde exploratores tulerunt palmitem cum vua sua quern 
portabant in vecte duo viri de malis quoq^ grauaH et de ficis loci 
illius." Numeri .xiij. &c. "Terram quam lustrauimus deuorat 
habitatores suos." eod capio. 

Upon the lefte hande of this valey, at halfe a lege, somwhat 
discendynge, is the ryuer in the whiche Phylyp baptysed viru 
Ethiopia Eunucu Cadacis regine Ethiopum qui erat super omes 
gasas eius veneratq, adhorare in Jherusalem et reuertebatur sedens 
super curru suu. Act .viij. &c. 

And .iiij. legges from thens is Domus Zacharie, in the moun- 
taynes of Jude, wherof is wry ten byfore, from the whiche place we 
sawe the Mounte of Modyn, where the Machabeus were borne, 
and there yet be their sepulcres, which may be sene right fer, c. 

And it is to be noted that euery holy place before rehersed in 
all this boke, beyng within the Holy Londe, where any myracle 
was shewed or any mystery was done by our blessyd Sauyour or 
any of his sayntes, or any mencyon made of any holy actes, there is 
at euery one of them .vij. yere and .vij. lentes of pardon ; and at 
euery pryncypall holy place of the grete mysteryes is clene remys- 
syon de pena et culpa ; and of thyse holy places, bycause they be 
so preuylegyd aboue other, therfore I haue made mencyon of y e 
sayde plenarye remyssyon in the chaptres of artycles of the sayde 
pryncypall holy places, &c. 

All the foresayd pylgrymagf thus done, we made vs redy, and by 
one assent dressed vs to retourne to our galye, and there we toke 
humbly our leue of y e holy places and of y e moste blessyd cytie of 



56 Tin ]<\ i ( KYMAGE OF 

Jhcrusalem, rekenynge ourselfe not so happy to se any more the 
same in all our lyues, and thankynge Almyghty God with all our 
hertes of y* grete grace that he gaue vnto vs to se and vysyte the 
sayde blessyd places and holy cytie ones in our lyues or thanne we 
dyed, and thus with ryght lyghte and joyous hertes, by warnynge 
/> **j- of our drogemc and guydes, we come all to Mounte Syon vpon the 
Mondaye that was the .xiiij. daye of Septembre, that was Hooly 
Rode daye, aboute .iij. a cloke attc after noone, where we founde 
all redy, the lordes Mamolukes, as well of Jherusalem as of Rama, 
and other, with theyr folkes to y* nombre of .iij.c. horsmen, to 
condyte vs to Jaffe ; and so there at the sayde Mounte Syon we 
toke our asses and rode forth at the sayd tyme, and neuer we 
alyghted to beyte vnto tyme we come to Rama, whiche is .xxx. 
long myle from Jherusalem ; and aboute .ij. houres byfore daye y e 
same nyght we come to Rama, and lyght there at the Hospitall, 
beynge ryght wery of that journey, for the bestes that we rode 
vpon were right weyke, and right symple and euyll trymmyd to 
journey with ; where we laye all Tewsday and Wednysday all day. 

Thursdaye about .ix. of the cloke we toke our assys, and come to 
Jaffe y* same day soone after noone, and lay there in y e grote all 
that nyght, and were right euyl intreated by the Sarrasyns many 
wayes, and in grete fere, whiche were longe to wryte, c. 

Frydaye ayenst nyght, with grete diffycultie, w l morhe pacyence, 
and also with large departynge of our money, we were delyuerd a 
borde our galye. 

And Saterday the .xix. day of Septembre we made sayle home- 
warde with ryght grete joye. 

Upon Frydaye the .xxv. daye of Septembre we come to Salyns 
in Cipres ; and Saterday in y* mornynge we landyd there, and 
wente to suche casales as we founde and refresshed vs. 



SYR R. OUYLFORDE, KNYGHT. 57 

And whyles we laye in Cipres many of our pylgrymes went to 
se the Cyties in the Countre there aboute, and some vysyted pyl- 
grymages, &c. 

Aboute .iij. myle frome Famagust is an olde Castell wherin saynt 
Katheryne was borne ; and she was the kingf doughter of that 
yle, called Costus, as it is shewed there, aswell by wrytynge as by 
reporte, &c. 

This yle was somtyme called Paphus, &c. and Cychym, &c. 

And there we laye at the sayde Salyns vnto Frydaye that was 
the seconde daye of Octobre, at whiche tyme we made sayle 
towardes y e Roodf . Neuerthelesse the wynde was soo straynable 
ayenst vs that we made no spede, but somtyme sayled and som- 
tyme fell to an acre somwhere nyghe the shore in the sayd coste of 
Cipres ; and thus we founde the wynde ayenst vs, or ellys such 
calmes that we coude not sayle, vnto the .xiij. daye of Octobre, 
that was seynt Edwardes daye, in the mornynge, at whiche tyme 
we come nyghe the mountaynes of Turkey in Asia, and soone after 
we passyd by Myrrea, where seynt Nycholas was bysshop, and 
not fer thens, more westwarde, We sawe the hyll of Caucasis, &c. fo. 

And thus we sayled thorughe the Gulfe of seynt Elyn, other- 
wyse called the Gulfe of Satalye, and come alonge the costes of 
Turkey, and there we sawe the mountaynes of Macedonye ; and 
soo the Wednysdaye at nyght, that was the .xiiij. day of Octobre, 
we hadde syght of the yle of the Roodes ; and Thursdaye all daye 
we rollyd sty 11 in the calme, as we had done many dayes afore. 

And Frydaye, the .xvi. day of Octobre, we come to the Roodes 
to dyner, and there we laye Saterdaye, Sondaye, and Mondaye. 

Tewysdaye, the .xx. day of the same moneth, we made sayle, 
aboute .ix. a cloke at nyght, out into the Roode. 

Of our chere and well entreatynge at the Roodf, and what 
comforte was done vnto vs, specyally by mayster Newporte and 

CAMO. soc. i 



58 TUB PYLORYlf AGE OP 

mayster Wyllyam Weston, and afterwarde by other gentylmen of 
Englonde there, it were longe to wrytc, c. 

Wednysdaye, the .xxi .daye of Octobre, erely, we sayled forth 
slakly and easely ayenst the wynde, and so the same daye ayenst 
nyght we come nyghe y e yle of Piscopia, otherwyse called Tyle, 
where as y* moste specyall wyne of those partyes grewe. 

Therby also is the yle of seynt Nycholas of Cartha, where as all 
manere toles made of yrron neuer lese the egge, but contynewe 
alwaye sherpe without any crafte done therto by mannes ingyne ; 
and this is by myracle of seynt Nicholas ; and than we sayled 
by Alango, Nio, with many mo yle londes that belonge vnto the 
Roodes. 

And vpon Thursday at nyght we passyd by the yle of Scarpato, 
called in Latyn Carpadiu, a wondre plentyous yle of all good, and 
it is the vttermoste yle of all the Cicladas towardes y c southe ; the 
vttermoste to ward f the northe is Tenedos, the vttermoste toward f 
the est is Roodf, the vttermoste towardes y* west is Cirigo, alias 
diet 9 Cithera ; and Dolos is in the myddes of the sayd Cicladas, 
which be in all .liiij. yles y 1 stonde in the see rounde as a compas, 
and the brede and lengthe bytwene the sayd .iiij. yles is all one, 
that is to say, bytwene the sayd Carpanto and Tenedos, Roodes 
and Cirigo, &c. 

And thus we were byclaymyd, and the wynde that was beynge 
euer streyght ayenst vs syns our deptynge from the Roodes 
vnto Sate relay at nyght, that was the .xxiiij. daye of Octobre, 
whiche euynnynge the wynde began to inforce and blowe out- 
ragyously, and all that nyght induryd a wondre grete tempest, 
aswell by excedynge ouer blowynge of wynde as by contynuell 
lyghtnynge ; soo that the Sonday in y" mornynge we were com- 
pelled by constreynt of the sayd tempest to retourne an .c. myle 
backe to the yle of Alango, where some of vs went a londe the 



SYR R. GUYLFORDE, KNYOHT. 59 

same Sondaye at after noone to refresshe vs the, and to store vs of 
newe vytaylles ; and there we laye Mondaye, Tewysdaye, Wednys- 
daye, and Thursdaye all daye. 

This catell of Alango, with all the yle of the same, is vnder the 
domynacyon of the Roodes, and the famous Castell of seynt Peer 
is ryght ouer, for ayenst y e sayd Alago, which is a meruayllous 
fayre castell, and other lyke therunto in strengthe, it stondeth vpon 
the see within the mayne londe of Turkey, and noue it is ouer 
from Alango the sayd Castell of seynt Peer .xviij. myle, and 
Alango is frome y e Roodes .c. myle. Note, of the tumbe that was 
foude at seynt Peer whyles we were in these ptyes. 

Frydaye, that was the .xxx. daye of Octobre, we made sayle, but 
the wynde arose eftsones so cotrariously ayenst vs. that we were 
fayne to fayle to an acre by the coste of the sayd yle of Alango, 
not passynge .iij. myle from the castell that we come fro ; and 
there we lay Saterdaye, Alhalowe Euyn, all daye. The same 
euynnynge we made sayle ayen, and toke the see towardes Candy ; 
and the same nyght there rose suche a rage of tempest that we 
were tossed to and fro all the nyght in the see with ryght grete 
pereyll and daunger, and so induryd the next daye, Sondaye, Al- 
halow Daye, in so moche whan the maryners had done their beste 
to recouer Candy, we were with vyolence and rage of the sayde 
tempest constreyned to recoyle and turne backwardes, and to seke 
some hauyn vpon the coste of Turkey ; and so, after many and 
sondry opynyons and contrauersies of y e mayster maryners, in 
conclucion we toke a coures and come in amongf the deserte yles 
of Turkey, at euery hande of vs bytwene the whiche we founde 
suche depnes that it was not possyble to fasten any ancre there, 
and so we were dryuen so nyghe vpon the shore y l we and all the 
maysters and maryners rekenyd nor thought none other but to 
haue ben lost. Neuerthelesse they made out a bote to serche for 
ancre holde, and in conclusyon they founde grounde at .iiij. score 
fathem, where we lette fall an ancre ; and by this tyme we were 



I THE I'YLGRYMAGB OP 

alinoste dryucn vpon the rok, whiche was hydrous and ferefull to 
loke vpon ; whiche rokes, with all the yles there, be desertes, and 
vpon the costcs of Turkey, whiche caused vs to be the more in 
fere, in no moche euery man made hym redy to Almyghty God, 
and dressed them in redynes with suche thynges as they thought 
shuld best releue them and helpe theytn at the shore to saue thcyr 
lyues, and wayted for none other, but euery man to shyfte for his 
escape as Almyghty God wolde yeue thcym grace. And in this 
grete fere and drede, by y e meanes of the deuoute prayers and 
holy vowes of some well dysposed people, the wynde blewe not so 
straynably as byfore, by reason wherof the sayde ancre helde vs 
frome jumppynge and betynge vpon the sayde rok, whiche passed 
not frorae the sterne of our galye an hande brede, and atte the 
laste, with outragyous laboure of bothe maryners and pylgrymes, 
fo. xtiiij. and by the wysdome and polycie of y* mayster maryners, and 
moste specyally by the power and wyll of Almyghty Gotl, with 
meruaylous dyfTycultye we larged frome the shore ; and as soone 
as we had recouerde as moche rorae as we myghte tourne oure 
galye to the vauntage of the wynde withoute touchynge of the 
sayd rok, we made sayle with joye ynough, and thanked Almyghte 
God for our ascape from the parell and daunger that we were in : 
neuerthclasse we were soo tangled in among the sayde deserte yles 
that we coude not gette oute frome amonges them vnto the nexte 
daye at nyght, whiche was All Soules clave-, at whiche tyme we 
began to drawe out into the large see. And this vie where we 
were in this parell is called Morgoyn. 

And the next mornynge, Tewysdaye. that was the thirde day of 
Nouembre, we recouerde syght of the yle of Candy, wherof we 
made grete joye, not oonly for the happy escape frome the grete 
daunger y* we were late in, but also for the lacke and scarsenes of 
vytayllys that was in our galye ; for not oonly the patrone, but al 
the pylgrymes and also the galyotes, were clerely dyspurueyde of 
brede, wynde, and all other vytayllf. The same daye the wynde 



SYR R. OUYLFORDE, KNYGHT. 61 

fell well in our waye, and so we come to Candy late the same 
nyght. The nexte mornynge we londed there, and after masse we 
rested vs and refresshed vs after our grete fere and trouble with 
such vytaylles and necessaryes as we founde there, and so recom- 
forted our self after the greate scarnesse that we hadde susteyned 
many dayes byforne ; and there we lay the lenger bycause we were 
aduertysed that the grete captayne of Turkey, on Camaly, lay in our 
waye towardf Curfo with a grete army of Turkes gayleys and 
fustes, and had lately taken many sayles of cristen men. We 
founde also at Candy .ij. other galyes, Venysyans, ladynge malue- 
syes, called the galeys of Traffygo. 

Saterdaye, that was the .xiiij. day of Nouembre, erly in the 
mornynge we made sayle, and all y* daye we were soo bycalmyd 
that we made lytell spede, and the same daye ayenst nyght y e 
wynde made so strayte ayenst vs that we were constreyned to take 
hauen in the sayde yle of Candy, not passynge .ix. or .x. myle 
frome the cytie of Candy that we come fro ; and there we lay Son- 
daye and Mondaye all daye. 

Tewysdaye erly, that was the .xvij. daye of Nouembre, we made 
sayle ayen towardes Curfo, but y e wynde eftsones rose soo contra- 
ryously ayenst vs that we were fayne to retourne ayen to the cyte 
of Candy the same nyght, and erly we londed there, and lay there 
the same Wednysday all daye. 

Thursdaye, that was the .xix. daye of Nouembre, we made sayle 
ayen, and so dyde the other .ij. galeys of Traffigo also in our com- 
pany, in one of the whiche passyd the captayne of Candy to Ue- /. 
nyce. The same Thursdaye we sayled, styll trauersynge y e see 
ayenst y e wynde ; and so in lyke wyse we dyde y c nyght folow- 
ynge, and also Frydaye all daye, in so moche the wynde grewe 
so contraryous vnto vs, and the tempest arose so idyously, 
that we were fayne to recoyle bak ayen to seke vs some sure her- 
borough. 



62 THE PYLORYMAOR OP 

And the nexte daye, Saterdaye, the.xxj.day of Nouembre, with 
grete dyffycultc we recouerde an hauen on the north syde of tlic 
yle of Mylo, where we founde y c other .ij. galyes of Traffigo that 
were put from vs in the saytle tempest. This Mylo is one of the 
Ciclades, yles of Grece, and tryburyc* bothe to the Turkes and to 
Uenyce. We founde there none house nor dwellynge, but at y r 
ende of .x. myle frame the see there we founde a castell meruay- 
lously replenysshed with people. 

And there we laye Sondaye, Mondaye, and Tewsdaye all daye. 
This yle of Mylo is an .<. myle northe from Candy ; it was called 
Mel os, and is roundest of all yles, &c. 

On Wednysdaye folowynge, that was the .xxv. daye of Nouem- 
bre, the wynde fell fayre in our way, and so ayenst nyght we 
made sayle; neuerthelesse the same nyght there rose ayen an huge 
grete tempest, and indured so Thursdaye all daye, and the wynde 
outragiously ayenst vs, by forse wherof we were put ayen bak and 
rejecte vnto the coste of a desert yle nexte adjoynynge vnto the 
sayde yle of Mylo that we come fro. Howbeit the other .ij. galyes 
of Traffigo our felowes they recouerde ayen the hauen at Mylo that 
we come all from. This sayd tempest and y e peryllous rode that 
we had there was more daungerous to vs than any pell that we 
were in byfore, for we were so be bayed that we had no remedy 
but truste to our ancre holde, and laye amoste harde abrode the 
grete vggly rokkes, and the grete ouragyous wynde open vppon vs 
blowynge withoute mercy ; and all the whyle that we laye in this 
peryllous rode we were in grete fere, and rekenyd our selfe in grete 
peryl, and ouer that, bycause it was a descrte yle, there was no 
thynge to be founde that myght be to our relefe, nother in vy- 
taylles nor othcrwysc, whiche discomforted vs right moche. 

Sunday, the .xxix. day of Nouembre, byfore day the tempest 
yet inforced more and more; howbeit the wynde fell somwhat 

* tributary. Et>. 



SYR R. GUYLFORDE, KNYGI1T. G3 

mete to put vs, with helpe and crafte of marynage, from the shore, 
and so y e the same mornyng we wayde our ancre and made sayle, 
and come into the foresayd hauyn at Mylo, where our .ij. felowes 
the galyes of Traffigo laye, wherof we were all right glad that we 
had recouerde theyr company ayen ; and as soone as we had let 
fall our ancres and dynyd, our patron bad euery man shulde go to 
londe and prouyd for vytaylles if they lyste, and soo .iij. of our 
felowes, with sondry other, went on londe to a castell .x. myle 
frome the shore of our hauyn, and soone after that they were gone / 
the wynde came fayre in our waye, and the captayne of the galyes 
of Traffigo began to way his ancres ; that seynge, our patron de- 
maunded aduyse of his cousayllers and of the gouernoures of our 
galye, and also of some of the pylgrymes, what was best to be done 
touchynge our goynge or abydynge, seynge that some of our com- 
pany were on londe ; wherunto it was shortly answered and con- 
cluded y l we shulde departe and holde company with y e other 
galyes, and to tary for no man, and that for many grete causes 
there and than alegged, wherunto my gayne sayenge nor resonynge 
by fayre meanes or foule made to the contrarye myght not auayle 
nor be herde ; and so the same afternoone we made sayle, wherof 
I was in ryght grete heuynes and sorowe for my company that re- 
may ned soo byhynde in so desolate a place vnpurueyed of euery 
thynge. The same nyghte folowynge the wynde by come sore 
ayenst vs, and so we trauersyd the see to and fro alle that nyght, 
and so we dyde Mondaye all daye, that was seynt Andrewes daye. 

Tewysdaye, the firste daye of Decembre, y e wynde inforced so 
moche and so streyght ayenst vs that our gouernoures sawe it was 
not possyble for vs to wynne nor passe Capo Maleo, whiche is a 
poynte of the mayne londe of Morre in Grece that lyeth out fer 
into the see, and comenly it is grete daunger to passe the sayd 
poynte, and specyally in wynter, &c. And this sayd terryble 
wether and contraryous wynde, with the dauger of that passage, 
loked vpon and well for seyne by our mayster maryners and gouer- 



64 TUB PYLORYMAOE OK 

nours, they all concluded to rctourne ayen with the wynde to the 
hauen and yle of Mylo that we come fro, and so we dyde, wherof 
I was right glad and joyous, bycause I trusted there to recouer my 
company that was lefte behynde, to the whiche hauen we come the 
same nyght late; but soone after all my sayd joye was tourned 
into a new heuynesse and sorowe, for at our first comynge thether 
I herde that my company aforesayd hyred them a Grype, and were 
gone into y e see to seke for theyr bcste passage, and thus we were 
in more dispayre of them than byfore, &c. 

Neuerthelesse, y* name tempest and contraryous wynde, as hap 
was, put them forsebly bak ayen into the same yle of Mylo the 
selfe same Tewysdaye late in the nyghte, where they toke hauyn, 
not paste .viij. or .ix. myle from vs ; and the nexte mornynge 
whane they wente on londe they herde of the peysans and suche 
as they mette that alle thre Galeys were reiecte and recoyled bakke 
by the sayde tempest, and lave in the hauyn where as they were 
before, of the whiche newys oure sayde company were ryght 
joyous and thanked Almyghty God, as they hadde good cause to 
doo. 

f*. xlrij. And incotynetly they come to vs into our galey, of whose com- 
ynge whether bothe they and we were glad or no it nedeth not to 
tell, &c. 

And there we laye styll in y e sayd hauen at Mylo Wednysdaye, 
Thursday, Fryday, Saterday, Soday, seynt Nicholas daye, and 
Mondaye all day. The same nyght there arose a meruaylous grete 
tempest, with excedynge rayne and with the gretyst rage of wynde 
that euer I sawe in all my lyfe ; and so incessantly contynued all 
that nyghte, in so moche where we had out .ij. ancres they helde 
not fermely, but rasyd and draggyd by vyolence of that outrageous 
storme, by force wherof we were almoste dryuen vpon the rokky 
shore there ; and greate pyte it was to se what trybulacion and fere 
the maryncrs hadde that nyght, and also the pylgrymes, whiche 
rose out of our lodgyngf and drewe vs together, and deuoutly and 



SYR R. OUYLFORDE, KNYOIIT. 65 

ferefully sange " Salue Regina" and other Antymes, with versicles 
and collettis appropred for suche effecte ; and we all yaue money 
and vowed a pylgrymage in generall to our blessed Lady de Myra- 
culis at Venyse, besydes other j>ticules* vowes that many pylgrymes 
made of theyr singuler deuocons. And in lykewyse the maryners 
made a pylgrymage at their awne costes and charge. And ouer 
this euery man, aswell pylgrymes as other, trussed aboute theym 
suche lyghte geyre as they had, and made theym redy to shyfte for 
theyr escape at the fall of the galey to the rok in suche wyse as 
the good Lorde wolde yeue theyra grace. Howbeit we vnderstode 
afterwardes by the maryners that all our trussyng and hope to 
escape shulde haue ben in vayne ; for if the galye had ones towched 
y e rok we had ben all perysshed, as they sayde ; and so the best 
maryners of them rekenyd none otherwyse for theymselffes. And 
in this whyle, with grete deuocion and prayer of some well disposed 
pylgrymes there, and euery man hangynge in this grete fere, with 
outragyous clamours and cryes of the maryners they let fall the 
thyrde ancre, which, thankyd be Almyghty God, helde faste and 
kepte our galye frome dryuyng any further, and so we rode out y e 
ferse storme for that night. 

The nexte morowe, Tewsdaye, that was our Ladyes daye, we 
were gretely comforted by comynge of the daye lyght and that we 
myght se aboute vs ; howbeit the rage and storme contynued styll 
all the Tewsdaye and all the nyght folowynge, and Wcdnysdaye all 
daye ; so that both nyght and daye we laye there styll in wondre 
grete trybulacion and fere, for if our galye bad fallen to rakynge 
and draggynge ayen, we hadde ben all loste. 

Thursdaye, that was the .x. daye of Decembre, y e tempest began 
to slake, and the wynde fell more softe and bycome well in our 
waye. Neuerthelesse we durste not remeue for our lyues, seynge 
the see in suche comocyon and wodnesse and the wether so vn- 
stable, and specyall in that moste dede tyme of the yere, the dayes 

* particular. ED. 
CAM U. SOC. K 



'<' Till I'M (.KYMAGB OF 

than beynge at shortest, and y* longe derke nyghtes at the logest, 
and none hauyn for vs to come to bytwene that place and Curpho, 
ft. jrfny. whiche is .v. .c. myle from thens, but Barbary or Turkey. And 
thus we lay styll there Frydaye and Saterdaye. 

Son daye, the .xiij. daye of Decembre, bothe the other galyes of 
Traffigo and also we, wayde our ancres in the mornynge, and made 
sayle aboute .ix. or .x. a clok y e same mornynge. The same nyght 
there fell suche a calme that we made right lytell spede; so in- 
dured Monday all daye. 

The same euynnynge the wynde began to wex fresshe, and so 
late in the euenynge we sayled by Capo Maleo that is so daunger- 
ous to passe by, from the whiche we hadde ben so often rejecte by 
vyolence of sondry stormes, as appereth byfore. 

This Capo Male is the hed corner and poynte of Morrea, in the 
prouynce of Achaya, within Grece ; and all that parte of Grece, 
frome the yle of Curfo to the coste aycnst the yle of Nygroponte, 
was somtyme called Romanya. 

This Morrea is a wonderful plentyous cofitre, and thyse cytes 
folowynge be in the sayde Morrea ; that is to saye, Archadia, Coro- 
nona, Modona, Neapolis de Romania, Malfasia, Camelide, Saxe- 
milo. And this Morrea is almoste inclosed with y e see, excepte 
there gothe oute a starke of .vi. myle brode, entrynge into Grece, 
wherof is more byfore. 

Afore the poynt of this Capo Maleo southwardes is the yle of 
Cirigo, otherwyse called Citerea. Venus was bome there, wherof 
is more largely wrytcn byfore. 

And, as it is sayde there, Dolos or Delphos is juste in the 
myddes of the Cicladas yles. Et no*, that all the Cicladas yles ben 
" in Elesponto in? Egeu Mare et Maleu constitute," and the see 
called Archipelagus gothe rounde aboute theym,of the whiche yles 
is wry ten more largely byfore. 

Item, alongc from the sayd Capo Maleo northwarde and som- 
what esterly lyeth theyr cours that woll sayle to Neapolis de 



SYR R. QUYLFORDE, KNYOHT. 67 

Romania, Nigroponte, Athenas, Cio, or the grete yle called Stabi- 
mini, or to Meleton, where the Frensshemen were lately distressed, 
or to Tenedos, and to Constantynople, and to the yle Calcedony, 
or ouer the streytes to Troya, Myrrea, Galathas, or to the yle 
of Pathemos, or any where ellys amonges the Cicladas yles, 
or forther to Macedony or to Carmonia, whiche is on this syde 
Macedonya. 

And it is to be noted that y e sayd streightes, otherwyse called 
the brache of seynt George, gothe out of the see of Archipelagus 
faste by Constantinople, bytwene Turkey and Grece, and so goth 
into Mare Major, &c. And the sayde streytes departe Europa 
and Asia, &c. 

And all the sayd Monday nyght, and also the Tewsdaye nexte, /<>. 
that was the .xv. daye of Decembre, there contynued suche a calme 
that we made right lytell spede, but laye and flotred in the see 
right werely by reason of the sayd tedyous calme. Neuerthelesse 
we were all joyous and glad that we were passed y l perillous 
poynte of Capo Maleo, for we were in fere and doubte we shulde 
not have passed it so soone, but haue remaynyd in the oute yles 
that we come fro all the wynter, as other galyes merchauntf haue 
done sondry tymes in yeres passed, &c. 

The same Tewsdaye at nyght, that was the sayd .xv. daye of 
Decembre aforesayd, the wether bygan to ouercaste with rayne, 
wynde, thondre, and lyghtenynge out of measure, and so con- 
tynued a marueyllous greate storme and foule wether all that nyght, 
and specyally ayenst day in the mornynge, at which tyme we were 
almoste lyke to haue perysshed by an vnware and fers pery and 
blast of wynde comynge so sodenly that we coude not stryke cure 
sayle in a longe whyle. 

And the same nexte daye folowynge, y l was Wednysdaye, we 
were almoste in the same dauger sondry tymes, what with stry- 
kynge of our sayle, and with tournynge of the same. That daye 



68 I ME PYLGRYMAOR OF 

was also tempestous outragiously, what by soden storraes of 
wyndes and fallynge ayen to calmcs, and with rage of the wode 
wrought sees, that it was meruayle to se, and with rayne and hayle 
more greuously then I haue scne before. And our moste noyauce 
and ferefuU grefe was that we had no porte nor hauyn to flee to 
for socoure and herborowe but into Turkey or Barbary, into the 
handes of the Infidels and extreme enemyes of our Cristen fayth. 
And thus all the lattre pte of the sayd Wednysday, and all the 
nyght folowyng, we made sayle but ryght seldome, but by costreynt 
and force of the sayde foule chaungeable wether we strake all oure 
sayles and lay dryuynge in the large see at Godes wyll vnto the 
nexte mornynge, Thursday, at whiche tyme we made sayle ayen, 
notwithstondynge the foule wether indured styll, and aboute noone 
the same daye we come to the Yle of Sapiencia, y l is directly ayen 
Modi ma in Morrea within Turkey, whiche cyte and countre the 
grete Turke toke from the Venysyans but fewe yeres passed. The 
same Thursday the pylgrymes and maryners, seynge what vexacon, 
trouble, and daunger that we dayly were I by reason of the pyllous, 
vnstable wether, we all by one assent auowed a pylgrymage to be 
made in all our behalffes to our blessyd Lady of Loreta, besydf 
Anchona in Italye, and deputed certayne pylgrymes to gather the 
money amonges vs to make y c costes and laboure of a pylgryme to 
be sent in our names with our offeringes for our good spede and 
delyueraunce of all pellys and daungers. 

The same Thursdaye there fell suche a calme at after noone \ l 
we lay walterynge and walowynge in the see by fore Modona, vnder 
y e yle of the sayd Sapiencia, and y e wynde was so scarce that our 
fo. l. sayles had no power or force to kepe vs from the shore ; and so 
the sourges of the wrought see, by lytell and lytel, had almoste 
dryuen and sette oure galye upon the rok and shore of the sayd yle 
of Sapiencia ; insomoche we hadde none other remedy but strake 
downe our boote and manyd her with ores, wherwithall, and with 
hclpe of our ores within the horde, and by other crafte of mary- 
nage, with grete dyffyculte and fere they kepte the Galye frome the 



SYR R. OUYLFOROE, KNYOIIT. 69 

shore ; and greate trybulacion the maryners hadde or they coude 
clere us of the sayd rok. And the nyght folowynge we were al- 
moste in the same case at an other shore ; but as Almyghty God 
wolde, the wynde come sodeynly fayre and mete for vs, and bothe 
clered vs of that daunger and also sette vs forwardes in oure waye 
with right good spede. 

^[And thus the nexte mornynge, Frydaye, that was the .xviij. 
daye of Decembre, whanne we were in the hyghe see, aboute .xxx. 
myle in oure waye frome Modona, the wynde fell platte ayenste vs ; 
wherfore the patron sente for all the pylgrymes to come to hym, 
and here suche maner thynges as he woulde she we vnto vs, and 
whan we were comen the effecte of his processe was this, sayinge, 
that, as we sawe well oure selfe, the wynde was tourned extremely 
ayenste vs, for the whiche cause we muste nedely take one of .ij. 
wayes, that is to say, ether to trauers the see, whiche was daunger- 
ous for fere of dryuynge by contraryous wether into Barbary, or 
to lye longe in the see, he beynge vnpurueyed of brede and other 
vytaylles ; or els the .ij. remedy and way was to recoyle backe to 
Modona, where, notwithstondinge they be Turkes, he douted not 
to haue vytaylles, and that he, his galy, and all his company, shulde 
be in good saaffty there, bycause there is sure lege bytweene the 
grete Turke and the Venycyans. Howbeit, bycause we pylgrymes 
were not, as he sayd, comprysed in the sayd lege, he wolde not 
therfore promys nor waraut vs any suerty, but we to stande at 
oure aduenture. And there he put vs to the choys of thyse fore- 
sayd .ij. wayes, sweyng* to vs the daungers of bothe, as is before 
rehersed ; wherunto by one assent we answered clerely y l we wold 
abyde y e daunger to kepe y e see rather than retourne to Modona 
into the handes of the enerayes of our fayth, and that we wolde 
not assent to come there in no wyse ; and so we kepte forthe our 
waye all that forenoone, and immediately after dyner the patron 
and y c couceyllers of y e galy toke a new coicacion, and cocludyd 
without any assent of vs pylgrymes to retourne to Modona, by- 

* shewing. ED. 



70 THE PYLORYMAOE OF 

cause his galyottes and otfycers made suche clamoure for vytaylles ; 
and so the same day we arryued at the porte vnder the Yle of 
Sapiencia, byfore Modona, aboute .ij. of the clok at after noone, 
not passynge .iij. or .iiij. myle frome Modona. The same nyght 
there came to vs frome Modona a bote that brought wyne and 
sondry other vytaylles to sell, and shewed that y* captayne of the 
towne sende worde by them that who so euer lyst to come on 
londe for vytayllf or any other thynge that they lakkyd shulde 
Jo. ij. come and goo saaffely and be welcome. Howbeit there wente no 
man on lande there, for we wayted for the firste wynde, and ther- 
with to be forwardes. 

^[ The nexte morowe, Saterdaye, erely there come bootes to us 
oute of the towne with fresshe brede, wyne, oyle, herbys, and 
suche other thynges as were necessarye for vs ; and so the same 
Saterdaye in the forenoone we made sayle and come faste byfore 
the towne with ryght small spede, for it was very calme, whiche 
calme indured moche what all that after noone. This towne of 
Modona is fayre and wonderly strong, as ferre as we myghte per- 
ceyue. Ayenst nyght the wynde fell fayre in our wave, so that 
we sayled further that nyght thanne we dyde in any daye syns 
we departed from Jaffe. 

Sondaye in the mornynge we passed by the Yle of Janto, vnder 
the Venycyans, and by Zaffblonia, and passynge by Archadia in 
Morrea, and by dyuers other castellys in Morrea and without on 
the coste of the sayde Grece that the Turke holdeth. The same 
Sondaye we passed by a gulfe in Grece within the whiche stondeth 
the cytye of Patras, where seynt Andrewe suffred passyon. The 
same daye ayenste nyght the wynde fell somwhat agaynste vs, 
wherof grewe a greate contrauersie and stryfe bytwene y e mayster 
maryners, holdynge dyuers opynyons, some sayinge it was beste 
to take hauyn, retournynge to Janto there as we hadde passyd by 
the same mornynge, and some helde otherwyse, euery man after 
his opynyon ; whiche stryfe and contrauersie troubled vs pylgrymes 



SYR R. OUYLFORDE, KNYOHT. 71 

right moche. Howbeit in conclusyon we tournyd oute bytwene 
Janto and Zaffolonia, and toke tbe brode see, where we trauersyd 
all that nyght. 

Mondaye, the .xxi. daye, we hadde moche wynde. Howbeit it 
was very scarse for vs durynge all that daye and lykewyse all the 
nyght folowynge. 

Tewsdaye, the .xxij. day of Decembre, we come into the ryght 
Canell ntrynge betwene Grece, called nowe Turkey, and the Yle 
of Curfoo, where we myght se the towne and castellys of Curfoo 
stondynge fayre byfore vs, wherof we were ryghte gladde, &c. 

The same Tewsdaye at nyghte late we surged in y e Rode, not 
fer from Curfoo, for y e calme wolde not suffre vs to come into the 
hauyn that nyghte. 

The nexte mornynge, Wednysdaye, that was the .xxiij. daye of 
Decembre, we come into the hauyn, and went a lande to masse. 
At cure commynge to the sayde Curfoo, we founde there the two 
galyes of Traffigo that departed frome vs to Mylo, whiche galeys 
we loste in the tempest, not knowynge vnto this tyme whether 
they were perysshed or not, and they thought the same by vs. 
And at this Curfo we laye the nexte daye, Thursda) r e, that was 
Cristenmasse euyn, Frydaye, Cristemasse daye, and all the holy 
dayes. 

Whane we were thus at Curfoo, my syr Christofer Paluesyn, a fo. Kj. 
noble man of Mylan, and sondry other of the beste passengers in 
our galye, seynge the grete fere and trouble that we hadde often 
ben in, and what peryll and daunger we hadde ben many tymes 
put to by sondry stormes, consyderynge also the grete contrauer- 
sies, varyaunces, stryues, and discordes that were alwaye bytwene 
the gouernours and the mayster maryners of oure galye in euery 
suche storme and peryll, seynge also that there wantyd many ma- 
ryners and galyottes of the nombre that oughte to be in the sayde 



72 THE PYLORYM AGE OF 

galye thorughe couetousnes and wretchednes of the patron of the 
same, by reason wherof there was not helpe suffycyent to gouerne 
and rule the sayde galye in the wynter wether ; for the whiche 
consyderacyons my syr Christopher Paluesyn and the best pas- 
sengers aforcsayde lefte and forsoke oure galye, and gate theym 
selfe into one of the sayd galeys of Traffigo, called Conteryn, for 
theyr better spede and more suerte. 

Wednysdaye, that was the .xxx. daye of Decembre, notwith- 
stondyng it was moche calme, yet we made sayle and departed 
frome the same Curfoo with ryght lytell spede, whiche calme in- 
dured all the nyght folowynge. 

Thursdaye we hadde otherwhyles calmes and otherwhyles 
metely good wynde. The same euynnynge the wynde began to 
blowe a ryght good coole in oure waye, with the whiche we passed 
by the yles of Gasopolis, Dardama, and Corsira. The same nyght 
aboute .xi.* or .x. a clokke the wynde come so contraryously and 
blewe so moche, with so grete rayne and foule wether, that we 
coude beare ryght seldome any sayle, but laye and droffe in the 
see all that nyght, by reason of y whiche troubelous wether we 
toke but lytell rest y l nyght. 

The nexte daye, Frydaye, that was Newe Yeres daye, there was 
metely wynde ynoughe, but it was so scarse towardes oure waye 
that we made noo spede. The nyght folowynge there rose a 
wondre grete tempeste of excedynge moche wynde, and therwithall 
it rayned and hayled so vnmesurably that no man myght loke 
forthe aboue the hatches, by force of the whiche tempest we were 
fayne to stryke all our sayles and droffe in the see as God wolde ; 
and what for the grete crye and noyse of the maryners and galy- 
ottes, and for the noyse and syghte of the idyous and fcrefull 
storme and tempest, there was no man that toke any rest \ ' 

ix. KD. 



SYR R. QUYI-FORDE, KNYGIIT. 73 

nyght. Soone after mydnyght the grete tempest byganne to 
swage and wex lasse. Howbeit the wroughte sees tossyd and 
rolled vs ryght greuously. 

The nexte daye, that was the seconde daye of January, y c wynde 
seruyd vs metely well, whiche day we passyd by the cyties of 
Velona and Ouratzo, the castell of Turneso, the cytie of Scutarim, 
and Budna, .xxx. rayle beyonde Aragose, at whiche cytie of Budna 
endeth Albany and bryngeth Slauony, that is to say, Achaya and 
Dalmacia, and than next to Venysewarde is Crocia, that is pte of / . 
Dalmacia ; than next is Hystria, y* is an other parte of Dalmacia ; 
and then the lond of Venyce, and Illericu is next to Venyce of all. 

Anone after the entre into the Gulfe of Venyce we sawe the 
poynt of Capo of Apulia, where is the porte of Otraur, and the 
Mounte of Garganus, at the fote wherof is the cytie of Sepontus. 

The same euynnynge y e wynde come well and fresshely in our 
way, wherwith we made right fast and swyfte s^ede ; and aboute 
an houre within nyght we stroke sayle, to thentent to chauge our 
sayle, puttynge on a lasse sayle, bycause of y e derke nyghte and 
for that there arose tokens of foule wether, but by y* tyme y e sayd 
sayle was stryken and y e other sayle fastned to y e sayle yerde 
the tempest rose so strongly and sodenly y* it was not possyble to 
haue vp o r sayle ayen, and if it had ben vp we had ben in fer 
more peryll ; and so we droffe in the see all that nyght in greate 
vnrest and fere, in so moche the pylgrymes rose and sange sondry 
Antemps of cure blessyd Lady and other after theyr deuocyon ; 
and the tempest was so ferefull and greuous, and excedyd in out- 
ragyous blowynge so moche all other, that we all toke lesse reste 
y* nyghte than we dyde in any nyght before, and rekenyd our 
selfe in wondre grete daunger and peryll. 

The next mornynge, Sondaye, that was the thyrde day of 
January, we were as glad of day lyght as euer we were of any 
thynge in all our lyues ; howbeit the tempest enduryd styll, and 

CAMD. soc. L 



7 I rn i"s i .u y MAC; K OK 

blewe excedyngly moche what all that clave-, but not ryghtly in 
oure wave. The sayeie nyghte byfore we passed by Aragose, 
wherof is wryten more largely in the articles of oure journeys out- 
warde, and we trusted to haue reched to y* Yle of Melyda for our 
herboroughe the same nyght, but the wynde was so scarse that we 
were put bak to the Yle of Medzo .xij. myle on this syde Aragose, 
where we fell at an aucre aboute .iiij. or .v. a cloke at nyght the 
same Sondaye, whiche Yle of Medzo belongeth vnto the Arago- 
synes aforesayd ; and there we lay that nyght. 

The nexte day, Mondaye, in the mornynge, that was the .iiij. 
daye of January, we made sayle, and passed the same forenoon 
ayen by the Yle of Melyda aforesayd, whiche yle belongeth vnto 
the Pope. We founde the wynde in oure waye ryght plesauntly 
and as best was for vs, wherof we were ryght glad and joyous, for 
we hadde of longe tyme afore such contynuaunce of contraryous 
wether that it wgs moche more comforte and gladnesse to vs to 
have suche wether as we hadde longe desyred and prayde for. 
We were also no we passed y londes of the Infideles, as of Turkes 
and Sarrasyns, and were comen into the londes of Cristendome, 
whiche also increased our joye and gladnesse right moche. 
fo. lit. The same Mondaye at afternoone there blewe very moche 
wynde, but it was well in oure waye ; howbeit it was so outragyous 
that with a sodeyn blaste it rent asonder our sayle from the 
hyghest pte to the lowest, and so fell to a wonders grete tempest 
ayenst nyght, for the whiche cause we fell to an ancre bytwene the 
Yle of Cursula and the mayne londe of Slauonia, otherwyse Dal- 
macia, and so dyde the other .ij. galyes of Traffigo in lykewyse. 
The sayde Yle of Cursula is vnder the Venysyans : there is a fayre 
lytell cytye, ryght stronge, stand ynge vppon the see, called also 
Cursula. This sayde tempest increased wonder moche, and soo 
contynued all the same nyghte, Tewsdaye, and Wednysdaye, .xij. 
daye, by all the whiche tyme the .ij. galyes of Traffigo were in 
grete peryll by reason of the sayde tempest, and specyally one of 



SYR R. OUYLFORDE, KNYQHT. 7*> 

theym, called Conteryne, where cure companye wente into for 
theyr saafte at Curfoo, as my syr Christopher Paluesyn and other. 
^[ The same sayde galye, notwithstondinge she hadde oute .iiij. 
ancres, yet she fell in rakynge, and so draggyd and droffe by force 
and vyolence of the sayde tempest, in suche wyse that they of the 
sayde galye, and all that loked uppon theym, demyd theym loste ; 
and the tempest was soo outragyous that no man coude come to 
theym to helpe theym ; and they induryd in this daungerous 
rakynge almoste two nyghtes and one day, by all the whiche tyme 
euery man was in right moche heuynesse for them and prayed for 
them ryght hertely. And as Almyghty God and theyr good hap 
wolde, on Tewysdaye in the nyght the rage of the sayd tempest 
put theym into a lytell kryke bytwene .ij. hylles at the shore ; and 
whan they were there within they were in saafte and out of the 
rage of the sayd tempest ; and if the tempest had put them any 
where besydes the same cryke they had ben loste vpon the shore, 
whiche we all rekenyd for a grete myracle and thanked Almyghty 
God for their escape. We fortuned to lye in a better place and 
more out of the dynt of the rage of the sayd tempest, or ellys we 
hadde ben in lyke case or worse. 

Wednysdaye in the nyght, y l was .xij. day, the tempest slaked 
and began fay re wether, and so contynued Thursdaye all daye, 
that was the .vij. daye of January, and Frydaye. 

Saterdaye, the ,ix. daye, we made sayle, and a righte pleasaunt 
wynde with vs that indured all that daye. The same Saterdaye, 
aboute one of the cloke at afternoone, we come to the towne and 
yle of Lesena, where is a stronge castell. The sayde yle of Lesena 
belongeth vnto the Venysyans ; and there we toke hauyn, and 
laye there Sondaye and Mondaye all daye. 

Tewysdaye erely the .ij. galeyes of Traffigo made sayle, at whiche 
tyme also we wayed our ancres, but by than the maryners coude 



TI1K PYLGRYMAGE OF 

tourne our galye to the wynde, the storme stroke vppon a roke, in 
/. /. the morowe, tournynge with suche vyolence y l with the jumpe and 
stroke of y* falle of y galye to the rok the sterne, called the temon, 
sterte and flewe frome the hokes, and all they thought none other 
but that the core of the galye shulde in lykewyse haue fallen to the 
rok at the next surge of the see, and so haue ben loste ; howbeit, 
bycause that sayd touchynge was at the vttermoste poynte of the 
sayde rok, by socoure and helpe of the wynde we passyd the sayde 
poynte without any more touchyng, and as soone as we were 
passyd the sayde poynte of the rok and suerly clered of the same 
we fell to an ancre in the chanell there, for we coude sayle no fur- 
ther, beynge without sterne, whiche was a wonder grete grefe and 
trouble vnto vs, for the wynde was thane better in our waye thanne 
it was at any tyme syns we come frome Jaflfe and was so good that 
we coude not wysshe it better ; neuerthelesse we hadde no remedy 
but to recoyle bak into the same hauyn, and so by grete laboure 
and crafte of marynage we were towed ayenst the wynde into the 
same hauyn, to thentent to set on our sterne there, called the 
temon, otherwyse called the rother, whiche rother, by suttell crafte 
of a dyuer, was set perfaytly in her place the same nyght. The 
sayde dyuer dyde all that busynes beynge vnderneth the water ; 
howbeit the see was so rughe that he wente downe vnder the water 
.ix. or .x. tymes or than he coude brynge it aboute. And there 
the calme and contraryous wyndes constrayned vs to lye styll at 
the same Lesyna Tewysdaye and Wednysdaye all daye. 

Thursdaye, .iiij. of vs Englyshe men, with .iij. other, beynge 
wery of this longe journey, hyred vs a lytell grype, which we 
thoughte shulde haue passed more redely with vs than the grete 
galye ; and so that Thursdaye ayenste nyght we departed frome 
oure galye in the hauyn of Lysena aforesayd and toke cure grype, 
rowynge ayenste the wynde. The same nyght the wynde blewe so 
moche ayenst vs that we were fayne to recoyle backe into a lytell 
hauyn but .v. myle frome oure galye, and there laye that nyght. 



SYR R. OUYLFORDE, KNYOHT. 77 

The same mornynge, Frydaye, we, seynge the wynde soo styfly 
ayenst vs, and the patron of cure grype not hauynge nombre of 
ores accordynge his promysse and couenaute, for the whiche 
causes we fell in repentauce of our hasty departynge frome oure 
galye, and toke purpose to retourne agayne to the same ; and so 
that same Frydaye in the mornynge we come ayen into oure galye 
in the same hauyn there as we had lefte her ; and there we laye 
stylle Frydaye and Saterdaye. 

Sohdaye, the .xvij. day of January, at afternoone, notwithstond- 
ynge the contynuall tedyous calme, we made sayle with right softe 
spede. The nyght folowynge the wynde somwhat amend yd. 

The nexte daye, Mondaye, in the euynnynge we fell to an ancre. 

The nexte mornynge, Tewysdaye, we made sayle ayen and 
passed by olde Jarre, and fell to an ancre the same euynnynge 
amongf the yles of Jarre. 

Wednysdaye, the .xx. daye of January, we made sayle very erely 
and passed by new Jarre byfore daye, without any taryenge there. 
The same day the wynde seruyd vs somwhat better thenne byfore. So. 
Ayenst nyght the wynde come so contraryously that we were fayne 
to fall to an ancre in the brode see, oute of any hauyn, at the 
poynte of the Yle of Nio, whiche poynte we coude not passe for 
skarsenes of wynde, and there we laye rollynge all that nyghte, 
and Thursdaye all day. The same nyght ayenst day we made 
sayle, and hadde so esy wynde that lytell were we furtherde therby. 
This calme indured all that nyghte and Frydaye all daye, in so 
moche we were foresayd to fall ayen to an ancre at the poynte 
and promontory of Corneo, at the entre of the (Julfe of Seyna, 
whiche gulfe is the entre into Ungary. 

Saterdaye we, seynge the wether dysposyd to a contynuall and 



78 THE PYLORYMAOE OP 



indurynge calme, toke a boote there with ores and lefte cure 
galye, whiche we sawe coude not goo forwarde in that wether, and 
soo we passed byfore Pole the same afternoons, and there we sawe 
Roulandes Castcll, made after the facion of the Colyzeo at Rome. 
The same Satcrdaye we laye at a lytcll porte called Colony. 

The next mornynge, Sondaye, that was the .xxiiij. day of 
January, wee come to Parens to masse, and at after dyner we 
made sayle and come to Count as Noua in Hystrya, seuen myle 
frome Parens, and there we taryed all that daye. In the nyght we 
made sayle and passed into the hyghe see, in so moche the nexte 
daye, Monday, it was almoste noone or we coude parceyue any 
lande, and anone after that we hadde syghte of the moste glorious 
cytie Venyce, wherof we were ryght joyfull. And so y e same 
Mondaye at nyght, that was the .\\\ . daye of January and Con- 
uercion of seynt Paule, we come to Venyce late in the nyght, 
wondre glad and joyous of our safe aryuage there, and thankyd 
Almyghty God, as we had good cause to do, that had sent vs grace 
to se y e blessyd places of his holy steppes ones in oure lyues, and 
had also, by myracle of his oonly power, delyuerde vs saafly frome 
the parellys and daungers that we had ben in, aswell amonges the 
Infidels, enemyes of our fayth, as from perysshyng in shypwreke 
in the see, whiche we often escaped by his infynyte grace and 
oonly power, as is afore rehersyd in the accompte of our voyage 
homewarde, &c. And there we laye at Venyse vnto Sonday at 
nyght, that was the laste day of January, to pforme oure vowes at 
the seyntf and holy places there, whiche occupyed vs no shorte 
tyme, and to puruey vs at our bankes of money for our retourne. 

The same Sondaye at nyght, that was the sayde last daye of 
January, we toke our boote to Padua, and come thether aboute 
.viij. or .'IK. a clok the next morne, Mondaye, that was the firste 
day of February, and the same day we purueyed vs horses to hyre. 
So the next daye, Tewysday, that was Candelmasse daye, after 
masses erly done, we toke our sayd hakney horses and rode to 



SYR R. OUYLFORDK, KNYGHT. 79 

Vyncencia, a cyte vnder the Venycians, to dyner, .xviij. myle, and 
to Turre de la Confyn the same nyght, whiche is .xiij. myle. 

Wednesday, the thirde daye of February, to Verona to dyner, fo. Mj. 
.xvij. myle, whiche is a wondre fayr cytie, also vnder the Veny- 
cians. At this Verona, in the myddes of the market place, standeth 
a queue of coper ouer gylte, on hyghe vpon a fresshe rennyng 
condyt, whiche quene holdeth a scripture in her hande, sayinge 
thus, " Est iusti latrix vrbs hec et laudis amatrix." There we 
sawe the grete and olde Colyseo, which is called there Reyne. It 
is meruaylous large, hyghe, and stronge, with grees of grete stones, 
and it is so sumptuous and so straunge a werke that it passeth fer 
my reason and vnderstondynge to make any reporte of it, without 
I shulde apayre the fame therof : and the same nyght to Pyscare, 
.xv. myle. 

Thursdaye, the iiij. daye, to Lowua, .xviij. myle, and to Brixia, 
.i. Bresse, that nyght, .x. myle ; and this cytie also is vnder the 
Venycyans. 

Frydaye to Eurcy, .xviij. myle, to Crema, .xij. myle, and to 
Lowdo that nyght, .x. myle ; and there endeth the Venycyans 
londes hytherwarde, for the sayde Lowdo, called in Latyn Laudu, 
is in the duchye of Mylan, and in the Frenche kynges handes. 

Saterdaye, y e .vi. daye, to Pauya, called Papia in Latyn, ,xx. 
myle ; and there we taryed that nyght and vysyted the corps of 
seynt Austyn the grete doctoure, that lyeth there in an house of 
relygyon of chanons reguler and freres Austyn s, all beynge within 
the circuyte and precincte of one place ; they haue neuerthelesse 
seuerall cloysters and seuerall lodgynges, but they kepe all theyr 
dyuine seruyce in one quere al togyther. Seynt Austyn lyeth in 
y e vnder croftes ; howbeit there is a merualous fayre shryne for 
hym wrought all of fyne whyte marble, of wonderful curyous and 



"" THE PYLGRYMAUK OF 

sumptuous werke, standynge in the vestry there, but he lyeth not 
therin, for sondry causes that were shewed vnto me there. In the 
same churche lyeth Lyonell, the seconde sone of kynge Edwarde 
the Thyrde, honourably vpon whose tumbe is wryten, " Sanguine 
insignis fuerat vel floribus armis. Ossa Lconeti continet iste 
lapis." 

Sondaye, the .xvij. daye of February, to Alexsander, .xxv. myle. 

M ondaye at dyner with mayster Jherom Pauysyn, and to Cur- 
tisella, where our horses remeanyd that tyme, where we taryed 
Monday, Tewysdaye, and Wednysdaye. 

Thursdaye, the .xi. daye of February, to Ast to dyner, and to 
Noua Villa that nyght 

Frydaye to Moncalere and to Seynt Ambrose. 

Saterdaye to Suse, Noualassa, and to Lyuyngborugh ; and at 

the sayd Noualassa we toke moyles to stey us vp the mountayne, 

and toke also marones to kepe vs frome fallynge. And from the 

jo. Mij. hy8 nt f fc h e mounte downe to Lyuyngborugh I was ramasshed, 

whiche is a right straunge thynge. 

Shroffe Sondaye, that was y e .xiiij. day of February, to Ocessa 
and to Seynt Andrea. 

Monday to S[e]ynt Michell, and to Chambre. 

Shroffe Tewysdaye, the .xyj. day of February, to Aghabelle and 
to Mounte Myleo. 

Asshe Wednysdaye to Aquabele, to Pountbeauweysyn and to 
Tourde Pyn. 



SYR R. GUYLFORDE, KNYGHT. 81 

Thursday to Voulpylera and to Lyon, and there Frydaye all 
daye. 

Saterdaye, the .xix. daye of February, to Labrylla and to Tarara 
and to Seynt Safforyn. 

The firste Sonday of Lent to Rana and to Seynt Martyn ; Mon- 
daye cathedra sancti Petri, to Uroynes, and to Molynes ; Tewys- 
daye to Seynt Pyere La Mottrere, and to Nauers on the Loyre ; 
Wednysday but to la Cerite, bycause of y e floodes and noysome 
whether ; Thursdaye to Cona and Bryera ; Frydaye to Noya and 
to Mountergys ; Saterdaye to Seynt Methelyn and Myly ; Sondaye, 
the laste day of February, to Essone and to Parys, and there 
Mondaye all daye ; Tewsdaye to Lusertes and Cleremount ; Wed- 
nysdaye to Bertholl and to Amyans, and there the nexte daye, 
Thursdaye, tyll noone, to se the relyques. The same after noone to 
Dorlanes; Frydaye to Seynt Poule and Turno; Saterdaye, the .vj. 
daye of Marche, to Seynt Omers, to Guysnes, and to Calyce, 
and there Sondaye and Mondaye all daye; the nexte daye, 
Tewysday, that was the .ix. daye of Marche, to Douer. 

Note, that by y e afore wry ten processe of this sayde journey it 
apperyth that we depted out of Englonde the .viij. day of Apryll, 
a .xxi. and come to Venyce the .xvj. daye of May, whiche is .v. 
wekes and .iij. dayes. And there we laye at Venyce vnto the .iiij. 
daye of July, whiche is full .vij. wekes. 

The .xviij. daye of August we come to Jaffe, and so spent out- 
wardes, bytwene Venyce and Jaffe, .vj. wekes and .iij. dayes. And 
there we laye in the sayd Porte or we ladyd vnto y e .xxvij. day of 
August, whiche is .ix. dayes. And so we taryed in the Holy 
Lande vnto the .xviij. daye of Septembre, whiche daye we re- 
tourned into our galye ; wherby it apperyth that we were in the 
Holy Lande .xxiij. dayes. 

CAMI). 8OC. M 



*'2 THB PYLORYMAOB OF 

The .xxx. daye of Januarye oure galyc come to Venyce ; and so 
we spent homewarde, from Jaffe to Venyce, .xix. wekes and one 
daye. ^[ Also the .vj. day of Marche we come to Calyce ; and so 
we spent homewarde, hytwene Venyce and Calyce, .v. wekes and 
one day. 

The .ix. day of Marche, in the .xxij. yere of our soueraygne 
lorde kyng Kerry y e .vij. we come to Douer; and so we were out 
of Englonde in our sayd pylgrymage the space of an hole yere 
saaffe .xxix. dayes. 

fo. lir. By the accompte aforesayd sheweth that it is 

From Venyce to Parence . . .c. myle. 
From Parence to Jarra . . .c. myle. 

From Jarra to Lesena . .c. myle and .1. 
From Lesena to Araguse . . .cc. myle. 
From Araguse to Curphew . .ccc. myle. 
From Curphew to Modona . .ccc. myle. 
From Modona to Candia . .ccc. myle. 
From Candia to Rhodes . .ccc. myle. 
From Rhodes to Cipres . .cccc. myle. 

From Cipres to Jaffe . .cccc. myle. 

From Jaffe to Jherusalem . . .xl. myle, 
by londe, whiche is by estymacion .1. myles of oure rekenynge or 
more. 

Sume, .xxvj. .c. myles. 

Item, from Englonde to Venyce, .vij. .c. myle. And from Eng- 
londe to Jherusalem, iij. .M. myle and .iij. .c. 
That is .xxxiij. .c. myle. 

Thoughe so be that we had this yere suche vexacyon and trouble 
homewarde by outragyous longe lyenge on the see, and were in 
many daungers and parellys as byfore is shewed, by the longe, 
contraryous wyndes and excedynge grete stormes wher 



8YR R. GUYLFORDR, KNTOHT. 83 

the not ben sene in many yeres passed herfore be the 

more ferefull nor the las ge and good wyll to entre de- 

uoutly into . . . y pylgrymage, for it is no meruayle thoughe that 
we were so sore troubled, for where as pylgrymes be alwaye accus- 
tomed to take theyr galye immedyatly after Corpus Xpi daye, we 
dyd not so, but laye styll at Venyce almoste .vi. wekf after Corpus 
Xpi daye, by reason wherof we had no tyme to pfourme our pyl- 
grymage and retourne to Venyce byfore the comyng of y e deed 
wynter season ; and so we laye all y e stormy wynter wether from 
Myghelmasse to Cadlemasse in the wode wrought see, to our often 
daunger and grete parell, whiche shulde not haue ben if we had 
taken our galye at suche tyme as other pylgrymes haue done other 
yeres passed, that come euer ayen to Venyce or than any wynter 
apperyd ; and so is beste and moste surest, &c. 



FINIS. 



84 THE 1'VI (.KYMAGR OF 



Here foloweth the Table of this present Bookc. 

OF the first departynge and shyppynge of these Pylgrymes 
oute of Englunde, and so landed at Kyrell in Normandy, 
and so for the on theyr journeyes, and howe they spede to 

Venyce ......... fo. .ij. 

/. IT. Of the processyon at Venyce on Corpus Christi daye . 

Of the seconde shyppyng to Jarre .... fo. .vj. 

Of the landynge at Jaffe ...... 

Of theyr firste comynge to ye Holy Lande fo. .xi. 

Of the pylgrymagf of Mounte Syon . . . . fo. .xij. 

Of the pylgrymages within the Temple of the Holy Sepulcre fo. -x vj 

Of the disposicion and makynge of the sayd Temple of the 

Holy Sepulcre ....... fo. .xvij. 

Of y* procession done within y* Temple .... fo. .xvij. 

Of the Mounte of Caluery, wher our S. Criste was crucyfyed fo. .xviij. 

Of the pylgrymagf within Jherusalem . . . fo. .xx. 

Of the pylgrymages into the Vale of Josa .... folio .xxij. 

Of the pylgrymage at the Mounte of Olyuete . . . folio .xxij. 

Of y* pylgrymagf of y* Vale of Syloe . . . . fo. .xxiiij. 

Of the pylgrymagf to Beth 1cm ..... fo. .xxv. 

Of the pylgrymages hy the mountaynes of Jude . . . fo. xxvij. 

Of the pylgrymagf of Bethanye . . . . fo. .xxix. 

Of the pylgrymages to Jordan ..... fo. .xxx. 

Of the Temple of Salomon fo. .xxxi. 

Of the holy pylgrymages done, they toke their leue of the 

noble cytie of Jherusalem and retourned homewarde* . folio .xl. 

Explicit Tabula. 



SYR R. GUYL.PORDE, KNYGHT. 85 



, . . . . grymage of syr Richarde 
. . . Imprynted at London, in 

. . ynge of the George, by 
. on, prynter vnto y e kyn- 

ce. In the yere of our 
ccccc. .\ i. 




INDEX. 



Achaya, 73 

province of, 12 

Acheldemak, otherwise Terra santa, 34 

Adam, head of, found, 27 

Adam and Eve, cave where they dwelt when 

driven from Paradise, 54 
Agabelle, 4 

Ager Damascenus, 54, 55 
Aghabelle, 80 
Alango, 58, 59 
Albania, 12 
Alexsaunder, 80 
Alexandrya, 5 
Amyans, relyqucs at, 81 
Anne, St., Church of, at Jherusalem, 29 
Aragose, 74 
Araguse, 82 
Archadia, 66 

in Morrea, 70 

city of, 12 

Archismagogi, daughter of, 50 
Arragonse, town of, 10 
Athenas, 67 
Austin, St., shrine of, 79 

Baffe in Cyprys, 14 

Baruth, city of, 48 

Bassynyana, 5 

Belenas, city of, sometyme called Dan, 48, 49 

Bertholl, 81 

Bethalia,51 



Bethanye, pylgrymages of, 40 

Bethlem, pylgrymages to, 35 

Bethsayda, 49 

Bewrepayre, 4 

Bivium in Jherusalem, 28 

Brache of St George, 67 

Brente, ryver of, 6 

Bressello, 5 

Brixia, 79 

Bryera, 81 

Bryere, 8 

Budna, 73 

^ ^ towne of, 11 

Bulforde, 5 

Calvary, Mount of, 26 

Calyce, 81 

Camaly, the grete captayne of, 61 

Cameliona, 12 

Camelione, 66 

Candia, 82 

Candy, otherwise Crete, description of, 13, 59 

city of, 14, 60 

Capadocia, 48 

Caphernaum, 49 

Capo of Apulia, 73 

Capo Maleo, 63, 66, 67 

Carmonia, 67 

Carpadium, 58 

Cartha, yle of St. Nicholas of, 14, 68 

Cassamore, 5 



88 



INDUE. 



Cathedra Sancti 1'etri, 81 
CtafB, pUat where he slew hi* brother Abell, 
64 

Oafciii.yleof, 11, 12 

Chambre, 4,80 

Charterhouse, Great, 4 

Cboee npoo the sea, 6 

CioUda. Insulaa, 12, 50, 60 

Cio, 87 

Ciprea, 57, 82 

Cirigo, ule called, aliat Cither*, 18, 58, 66 

Claremount, 81 

Claudium, 6 

Colony, port to called, 78 

Con*, 8, 85 

Confyn, Turre de la, 79 

Conterpyn, 75 

Goran*, reysons of, 11 

Corinthy, now Corona in Morea, 11 

Corneo, promontory of, 77 

Corona, 12 

Coronona, 66 

Corosaim, 49 

- Anticrist shalbe borne at, at some 

men saye, ibid. 

Corpora Christi day at Venice, 8, 9 
Conira, 72 
Countai Nova in Ilystrya, 78 



Cremona, 5 

Cret*, dwcription of, 18 

Crocia.78 

Curfo.yleof, 11, 61,71,78 

Curphew, 82 

Curaula, ule of, 74 

CurtMella, 80 

CortyMllo, 5 

Cuyt, 8 

Cychym, 17 



Cypry, ule of, 14, 15 

Cyrigo, or Citheria, ule of, 12 

Helen and Venus born there, 13 

Cyryte, 4 

Dalmacia, 78, 74 

Dama*. old city of, 48 

Dan, well no called, 48 

Dardama, 72 

Dead Sea, 53 

Decapolu, region of, 50 

Delphot, 18 

Depe, 3 

Diues Epulonu, home of, at Jberutalem, 28 

Dolos or Delphoa, 58, 66 

Dorlanes, 81 

Douer, 81 

DuraUo, 78 

Ebron, Vale, 55 
Klyenour of Englonde, 4 
Elyn, Gulfe of Seynt, 57 
Emaus, castle of, 17, 58 
Easone, 3, 81 
Eurcy, 79 

Ferrare, 6 

Floridus, the field, 85 
Foeso, river called the, 6 
FumNgust, 57 

Galyle, hyll to called, 82 
Gal) lee, province of, 49 
^ Ma of, ilnd. 

cave of, 57 

Qargantu, mounte of, 78 
Uaropolii, 72 
Qnylforde, Lady, 6 



INDI.X. 



89 



Guylforde, Sir Richard, falls ill on the journey 
to Jerusalem, 17 ; buried at Mount Syon, 40 

Guysnes, 81 

Gysborne, Prior of, falls ill on the journey 
from Jaffa to Jerusalem, 17; buried at 
Mount Syon, 40 

Gwastale, 5 

Hauste, 5 

Helena, borne in Cicerigo, 12, 13 

her image in the cytie of Asdrys, 18 

Helyspont, 12 

Hermon, Mounte, 52 

Herode, house of, at Jherusalem, 29 

Holy Lande, pilgrim's first sight of the, 15 

length and breadth of, 22 

account of certain places in the, 46, 47 
Holy Sepulchre, Temple of the, 2228 
Holy Water, form of Service of, 43 
Hystria, 73 

coast of, 9 

Hystrya, 6 

Jacob, the patriarch's dwelling, 35 

Jacob, well of, 52 

Jacobyns, 17 

church of the, at Mount Syon, 21 

Jaffe, 81, 82 

arrival at, 1 5. Treatment of the pil- 
grims there. 16. Beginneth the Holy Land, 
//;,/. 

Janto, yle of, 70, 71 

Jarra, 82 

Jarre, haven of, 10 

. town and relics of Saints at, 10 

, New, 77 

Jherico, 41, 42 

river at, dividing the Holy Land and 

Arabye, 42 
CAMD. 8OC. 



Jberusalem, city of, 17, 22, 82 

Latin hospital at, 17, 18 

temple of the Holy Sepulchre at, 22 

pylgry mages within Jherusalem, 28 

golden gate at, 44 

the Saragyns worship a rock of stone 

there, 45 

Job, sepulchre of, 51 
John Baptist, St., tomb of, 52 
Jor, well so called, 48 
Jordan, river of, 42, 53 
Joseph ab Aramathea, 17 
Josophat, Pylgrymage into the Vale of, 30 
Jude, Mount of, Pylgrymages by the, 38, 89 

Kyryell, 3 

Labor Jutus, caves so called in Crete, 13 

Labrylle, 4, 81 

La Cerite, 81 

Lady, our blessed, washing our Saviour's 

cloths in his childhood, 34 
church of, where our Saviour was 

born, 35 
Lasheles, 4 
Latyze, river, 6 

Lawe, first put in writing in Crete, 13 
Leerbe, 4 

Lesena, castle and town of, 10, 75, 76, 82 
Libanus, Mons, 47 
Longyous, 4 

Loreta, pylgrymage to our Lady of, vowed, 68 
Lowdo, in Latin Laudum, 79 
Lowua, 79 
Lusertes, 81 
Lydya, towne of, 17 
Lyon, 4, 81 

Lyonell, second son of Kdw. III. tomb of, 80 
Lyssa, yle of, 10 

N 



IMH..V 



Lyuyngborghe, 6, SO 

Maoedonye, mountain* of, 57 
Magdalus, castle of, 1 
Mai (aria, 66 



- where first grewe Malmasye, and yet 
dothe, 17 

Maluesy and Mnskadell wine* grown in 

Crete, IS 

Mambre, where Abraham dwcllyd, 53 
Mamolnkes, 13 
Mantua, 5 
Mare Tiberiadis, 49 
Martha, home of, 40 
Mary Magdalene, castle of which the wai 

lad,, 51 
Mathelyn, 3 
Mauricius, Sanctus, 9 
Medzo.isle of, 74 
Meleton, 67 
Melyda, isle of, 74 
Mestres, nigh Venice, where the Jew* 

dwell, 9 
Modona, 12, 66, 82 

- in Morrea, 68, 69, 70 
Modvn, Mount of, 55 
Molynes, 81 

Molyns, 4 

Moncalere, 6 

Monks, 14,000, under abbat Saba, 48 

MOD. Malee, 12 

Montoryus, 3 

Morgoyn, Isle of, 60 

Morre in Grace, 68 

Morrea, 12 

account of the country of, 66 

Moryan, near Venyse, where they make 



Mount* Joye, 17 

Monnte Morrea, 43 

Mountergys, 81 

Mount Myleo, 80 

Mounte Mylyon, 4 

Mount Svnys, 5 

Mounte Syon, Pyl^rymages of, 1822 

Musyko, Ant found in Crete, 18 

Mnsyn (i. t. Mosaic) Work, 37 

Mylo, Isle of, 62, 63, 64 

Myly, 3, 81 

Myry.8 

Myrrea,57 

Natatorium Siloe, 34 

Nauers, 4 

Nauers on the Loyre, 81 

Naym, 49 

Nazareth, 50 

Neapolis, 12 

Neapolis de Romania, 66, 67 

Negroponte, 67 

Neopolis, 52 

Newporte, master, 57 

Nicholas, St miracle of, 14 

Nio, 58 

Isle of, 77 

Noualassa,80 
Noua Villa, 80 
Nouauylla in Haust, 5 
Noya, 81 

OcesM, 5, 80 

Olyuete, Mount*, 48 

Pylgrymage at the, 31 

Otraut, porte of, 78 

Padow, 6 
Padua, 6, 7, 78 



I.NDKX. 



91 



Padua, holy placet) at, 6 

Paluasyn, Christopher, a nubletnan of My Ian, 

account of, 46, 71, 72, 75 
Paphon, temple of, in Cyprys, 15 
Paphua, 57 
Pareua, 73 
Parence, 9, 10, 82 
Parence in Hystria, 9 
Parys, 3, 81 
Pathemos, Yle of, 14 
Patras, city of, 70 
Pauya, 5 

called Papia in Latin, 79 

canons of St. Austin at, ibid. 

Pauyson, Jerome and Augustyn, 5 

Pauysyn, Jherom, 80 

Philip Duke of Burgundy, hospital built by 

at Rama, for pilgrims, 16, 17 
Pilates and Herods, houses, 29 
Piscopia, Isle of, otherwise Tyle, 58 
Plesaunce, 5 
Pola, 78 
Pole, 9 

Poo, the, 5, 6 
Porticus Saloiuonis, 44 
Pountbeauweysyn, 80 
Pountese, 3 
Probatica Pistina, 30 
Pyers La Mottyer, 4 
Pylate, house of, of Jherusalem, 23, 29 
Pylgrymages of Mount Syon, 18 22 
within the Temple of the Holy Se- 



pulchre, 22 



of the processyon 



done there, 2i 

into the Vale of Josophat, 3" 

at the Mounte of Olyvete, 31 

of the Vale of Syloe, 33 

to Bcthlem, 35 



Pylgrymages by the Mount of Jude, 38 

of Bethanye, 40 

to Jordan, 41 

to the Temple of Salomon, 43 

Quarentena, Mounte of, 5*2 

Kama, 53 

arrival of the pilgrims at, 16 

Duke Phylips Hospital at, 16, 17 

Romatha, towne of, 17 

Rana, 81 

Rhodes, 82 

Roane, 3, 4 

Rock, sacred, in the Temple of Jherusalein, 45 

Rodes, 14, 58 

Roodes, Isle of, 57 

Roulandes Castell, 78 

Sebasten, otherwise Samaria, 52 

Sta. Maria de Spasmo, place at Jherusalem 

BO called, 29 
St. Ambrose, 5 
St. Andrew, 5 
St. Denys, 3 
St. Jacobo, 5 
St. James the less, 33 
St. Martyn, 4, 81 
St Methelyn, 81 
St. Michell, 80 
St. Mychell, 5 
St Omers, 81 
St. Poule, 81 
St. Pyere le Mottrere, 81 
St Safforyn, 81 
Salomon, Temple of, 43 
Saltus Domini, place so called, 51 
Salyns in Ciprea, 56, 57 
Sapiencia, Yle of, 12 



n 



INDEX. 



Sarevyns, their ptofhmeyt* ratettag to UM> 

golden gate of Jhenualem, 44 
Satalye, Oolf of, 14,57 
Sat urn us borne in Crete, 14 
Saxemilo, 66 
Saxenulo, 12 
Scarpanto, Yle of, called in Latin Carpadium, 

58 

ScUuonrm. 11 
Scutarim, city of, 73 
Sebaaten, 49 
Sena, Oulfe of, 10 
8epheron,50 
Saportui, 73 
Seyne, Gulf of, 77 
Seynt Andrea, 80 
Shambery, 4 
Shaba, queen of, 31 
Simon Lt Leproai, house of, 40 
SUuonia, 74 
SUuony, ooait of, 9 
Spelunca duplex, 54 
Stabimini, 67 
I 
80 

52 

Syloe, Plygrymage of the Yale of, 38 
Syon, Mount, 36, 89 
Pylgrymagee of, 1822 

Tabor, Mounte, 51 
Talyne*, 4 
Tanner, water of, 5 
Tarara,81 
Tarrare > 4 
Tenedoa, 13, 58 

Terebynthy, Vale of, where Dmuyd OTeroome 
GolMm,17 



Totya,8 

Tourde Pyn, 80 

Traffigo, galljei of, 61, 62, 60, 71, 74 

Trent, 8 

Tripoli*, city of, 47 

Troia, country of, the Turk*' own country, 1 8 

Troye, destruction of, Md. 

Tnuell, 5 

Turkey, 13, 59 

in Asia, mountain* of, 57 

Turnew, Cast* 11 of, 73 
Turno, 81 
TyberiadJi, 49 

Uroynea, 81 

Vallis Lacrymarum, 54, 55 

Valyons, 4 

Vaux, Master, 5 

Vedona, 5 

Velona, 73 

Venye, 6, 73, 78, 81, 82, 83 

description of, 7, 8 

spousal wordes of the Duke of, to the 

!- ... - 

Lady de Myraculis at, 65 

Verona, 6 

Colyaeo at, called there Reyne, 79 

Veronica, house of, 28 
Vnulpylera, 81 
Vyenna, 4 

Werton, Haater William, 58 
Yle where St. Anne lyeth, 4 

Zachariv domus, 55 
ZcMonia, 70, 71 



J. B. 



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